Science.gov

Sample records for agreement mta confidential

  1. 40 CFR 2.215 - Confidentiality agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.215 Confidentiality agreements. (a) No EPA officer, employee, contractor, or subcontractor shall enter into any agreement with any affected business to keep business..., contractor, or subcontractor shall promise any affected business that business information will be...

  2. 48 CFR 1552.227-76 - Project employee confidentiality agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Project employee confidentiality agreement. 1552.227-76 Section 1552.227-76 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts of Provisions...

  3. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  4. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  5. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  6. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  7. 48 CFR 1552.227-76 - Project employee confidentiality agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Project employee confidentiality agreement. 1552.227-76 Section 1552.227-76 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL... electrical services, provisions which shall conform substantially to the language of this clause,...

  8. 48 CFR 1552.227-76 - Project employee confidentiality agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Justice, or the Contractor, any information or data (as defined in FAR Section 27.401) provided by the... such disclosure. Such agreements shall be effective for the life of the contract and for a period...

  9. MTA: A Clinical Review

    PubMed Central

    Tawil, Peter Z; Duggan, Derek J.; Galicia, Johnah C.

    2016-01-01

    MTA has been a revolutionary material in endodontics. Since it’s introduction in the 1990’s several studies have demonstrated its use in several clinical applications. MTA has been extensively studied and is currently used for perforation repairs, apexifications, regenerative procedures, apexogenesis, pulpotomies & pulp capping. This article will review the history, composition, research findings and clinical applications of this versatile material. PMID:25821936

  10. Confidential Searches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Linda Chion

    2003-01-01

    Will the stealth superintendent hunt in Cincinnati become tomorrow's standard approach? Search consultants and superintendents offer their views on how far confidentiality should go. Also includes a search firm's process for shielding identities and a confidentiality pledge. (MLF)

  11. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) PROCEDURES GOVERNING TESTING CONSENT AGREEMENTS AND TEST RULES General Provisions § 790.7 Confidentiality. (a... words “confidential business information,” “trade secret,” or another appropriate phrase indicating...

  12. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) PROCEDURES GOVERNING TESTING CONSENT AGREEMENTS AND TEST RULES General Provisions § 790.7 Confidentiality. (a... words “confidential business information,” “trade secret,” or another appropriate phrase indicating...

  13. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  14. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  15. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  16. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  17. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  18. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  19. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  20. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  1. MTA Computer Based Evaluation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, Lisa P.; And Others

    The MTA PLATO-based evaluation system, which has been implemented by a consortium of schools of medical technology, is designed to be general-purpose, modular, data-driven, and interactive, and to accommodate other national and local item banks. The system provides a comprehensive interactive item-banking system in conjunction with online student…

  2. Livin' with the MTA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mirowski, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as…

  3. Structure, expression and functions of MTA genes.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Rakesh; Wang, Rui-An

    2016-05-15

    Metastatic associated proteins (MTA) are integrators of upstream regulatory signals with the ability to act as master coregulators for modifying gene transcriptional activity. The MTA family includes three genes and multiple alternatively spliced variants. The MTA proteins neither have their own enzymatic activity nor have been shown to directly interact with DNA. However, MTA proteins interact with a variety of chromatin remodeling factors and complexes with enzymatic activities for modulating the plasticity of nucleosomes, leading to the repression or derepression of target genes or other extra-nuclear and nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase (NuRD)-complex independent activities. The functions of MTA family members are driven by the steady state levels and subcellular localization of MTA proteins, the dynamic nature of modifying signals and enzymes, the structural features and post-translational modification of protein domains, interactions with binding proteins, and the nature of the engaged and resulting features of nucleosomes in the proximity of target genes. In general, MTA1 and MTA2 are the most upregulated genes in human cancer and correlate well with aggressive phenotypes, therapeutic resistance, poor prognosis and ultimately, unfavorable survival of cancer patients. Here we will discuss the structure, expression and functions of the MTA family of genes in the context of cancer cells. PMID:26869315

  4. 7 CFR 900.309 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 900.309 Section 900.309... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.309 Confidential information. The... information furnished to, compiled by, or in the possession of the referendum agent, shall be regarded...

  5. 7 CFR 900.407 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 900.407 Section 900.407... to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.407 Confidential information... voted or the manner in which any person voted) and all information furnished to, compiled by, or...

  6. Deconvolution of the particle size distribution of ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus

    PubMed Central

    Ha, William Nguyen; Shakibaie, Fardad; Kahler, Bill; Walsh, Laurence James

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements contain two types of particles, namely Portland cement (PC) (nominally 80% w/w) and bismuth oxide (BO) (20%). This study aims to determine the particle size distribution (PSD) of PC and BO found in MTA. Materials and methods The PSDs of ProRoot MTA (MTA-P) and MTA Angelus (MTA-A) powder were determined using laser diffraction, and compared to samples of PC (at three different particle sizes) and BO. The non-linear least squares method was used to deconvolute the PSDs into the constituents. MTA-P and MTA-A powders were also assessed with scanning electron microscopy. Results BO showed a near Gaussian distribution for particle size, with a mode distribution peak at 10.48 μm. PC samples milled to differing degrees of fineness had mode distribution peaks from 19.31 down to 4.88 μm. MTA-P had a complex PSD composed of both fine and large PC particles, with BO at an intermediate size, whereas MTA-A had only small BO particles and large PC particles. Conclusions The PSD of MTA cement products is bimodal or more complex, which has implications for understanding how particle size influences the overall properties of the material. Smaller particles may be reactive PC or unreactive radiopaque agent. Manufacturers should disclose particle size information for PC and radiopaque agents to prevent simplistic conclusions being drawn from statements of average particle size for MTA materials. PMID:27335899

  7. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-like materials: an update review.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Zahed; Shalavi, Sousan; Soltani, Mohammad Karim

    2014-09-01

    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a multi-application material used in endodontics. It is a mixture of a refined Portland cement and bismuth oxide and trace amounts of SiO₂, CaO, MgO, K₂SO₄, and Na₂SO₄. MTA powder is mixed with supplied sterile water in a 3:1 powder/liquid. Hydrated MTA has an initial pH of 10.2, which rises to 12.5 three hours after mixing. There are several materials derived from MTA such as Endo-CPM Sealer, Ortho MTA, MTA-Fillapex, DiaRoot BioAggregate, MTA Bio, light-cured MTA, tricalcium silicate, and iRoot SP. The purpose of this article is to review MTA-like materials. PMID:25199028

  8. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-like materials: an update review.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Zahed; Shalavi, Sousan; Soltani, Mohammad Karim

    2014-09-01

    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a multi-application material used in endodontics. It is a mixture of a refined Portland cement and bismuth oxide and trace amounts of SiO₂, CaO, MgO, K₂SO₄, and Na₂SO₄. MTA powder is mixed with supplied sterile water in a 3:1 powder/liquid. Hydrated MTA has an initial pH of 10.2, which rises to 12.5 three hours after mixing. There are several materials derived from MTA such as Endo-CPM Sealer, Ortho MTA, MTA-Fillapex, DiaRoot BioAggregate, MTA Bio, light-cured MTA, tricalcium silicate, and iRoot SP. The purpose of this article is to review MTA-like materials.

  9. In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxicity of ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus.

    PubMed

    Koulaouzidou, Elisabeth A; Economides, Nikolaos; Beltes, Panagiotis; Geromichalos, George; Papazisis, Konstantinos

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of the present in vitro study was to compare the cytotoxic effect of two commercially available brands of mineral trioxide cement (ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus), modified zinc oxide-eugenol cement (SuperEBA) and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Vitrebond) using rat pulp cells (RPC-C2A) and human lung fibroblasts (MRC-5). The cells were cultured in typical culture conditions and exposed to the tested materials by adaptation of insert wells. The cytotoxic effect was recorded at two observation periods (24 and 72 h) by using a colorimetric assay of tetrazolium reduction (XTT method) in reference to controls. Overall, the degree of cytotoxic effect in ascending order was ProRoot MTA - MTA Angelus < SuperEBA < Vitrebond. Both MTA materials tested exerted mild suppression of cellular mitochondrial activity and may be characterized as biologically inert materials.

  10. 46 CFR 535.608 - Confidentiality of submitted material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality of submitted material. 535.608 Section... on Agreements § 535.608 Confidentiality of submitted material. (a) Except for an agreement filed under section 5 of the Act (46 U.S.C. 40301(d)-(e), 40302-40303, 40305), all information submitted...

  11. 46 CFR 535.608 - Confidentiality of submitted material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality of submitted material. 535.608 Section... on Agreements § 535.608 Confidentiality of submitted material. (a) Except for an agreement filed under section 5 of the Act (46 U.S.C. 40301(d)-(e), 40302-40303, 40305), all information submitted...

  12. 46 CFR 535.608 - Confidentiality of submitted material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality of submitted material. 535.608 Section... on Agreements § 535.608 Confidentiality of submitted material. (a) Except for an agreement filed under section 5 of the Act (46 U.S.C. 40301(d)-(e), 40302-40303, 40305), all information submitted...

  13. Role of MTA1 in Cancer Progression and Metastasis

    PubMed Central

    Sen, Nirmalya; Gui, Bin; Kumar, Rakesh

    2014-01-01

    The MTA1 protein contributes to the process of cancer progression and metastasis through multiple genes and protein targets and interacting proteins with roles in transformation, anchorage-independent growth, invasion, survival, DNA-repair, angiogenesis, hormone-independence, metastasis and therapeutic resistance. MTA proteins control a spectrum of cancer promoting processes by modulating the expression of target genes and/or the activity of MTA-interacting proteins. In the case of MTA1, these functions are manifested through post-translational modifications of MTA1 in response to upstream signals, MTA1 interaction with binding proteins and the expression of target gene products. The MTA1 coregulator interacts with nucleosomes through modified histones and is an integrator of extracellular signaling and gene activator. Studies delineating the molecular basis of dual functionality of MTA1 reveal that the functions of MTA1-chromatin modifying complexes in the context of target gene regulation are dynamic in nature. The nature and targets of MTA1-chromatin modifying complexes are also governed by the dynamic plasticity of the nucleosome landscape as well as kinetics of activation and inactivation of enzymes responsible for post-translational modifications on the MTA1 protein. These broadly applicable functions also explain why MTA1 may be a ‘hub’ gene, whose current understanding is limited to selective influences on gene with roles in cancer but further research may reveal a more global influence. Because the deregulation of enzymes and their substrates with roles in MTA1-biology is not necessarily limited to cancer, we speculate that the lessons from MTA1 as a prototype dual master coregulator will be relevant for other human diseases. In this context, the concept of the dynamic nature of corepressor versus coactivator complexes and the MTA1 proteome as a function of time to signal is likely to be generally applicable to other multi-proteins regulatory complexes

  14. Rat tissue reaction to MTA FILLAPEX®.

    PubMed

    Gomes-Filho, João Eduardo; Watanabe, Simone; Lodi, Carolina Simonetti; Cintra, Luciano Tavares Angelo; Nery, Mauro Juvenal; Filho, José Arlindo Otoboni; Dezan, Elói; Bernabé, Pedro Felício Estrada

    2012-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rat subcutaneous tissue reaction to implanted polyethylene tubes filled with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) FILLAPEX® compared to the reaction to tubes filled with Sealapex® or Angelus MTA® . These materials were placed in polyethylene tubes and implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats for 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days. The specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin or Von Kossa or left unstained for examination under polarized light. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the reaction were performed. All materials caused moderate reactions after 7 days, which decreased with time. The reactions were moderate and similar to that evoked by the control and Sealapex® on the 15th day. MTA FILLAPEX(®) and Angelus MTA caused mild reactions beginning after 15 days. Mineralization and granulation birefringent to polarized light were observed with all materials. It was concluded that MTA FILLAPEX® was biocompatible and stimulated mineralization.

  15. Confidentiality and personal integrity.

    PubMed

    Edgar, A

    1994-06-01

    This paper uses the social theory of Erving Goffman in order to argue that confidentiality should be understood in relation to the mundane social skills by which individuals present and respect specific self-images of themselves and others during social interaction. The breaching of confidentiality is analysed in terms of one person's capacity to embarrass another, and so to expose that person as incompetent. Respecting confidentiality may at once serve to protect the vulnerable from an unjust society, and yet also protect the guilty from just accusation. Ethical reasoning about confidentiality must therefore recognize the dangers of prejudice and violence inherent in decisions to breach or to respect confidentiality. Case studies are used to illustrate the efficacy of this account, culminating with analyses of three examples from the UKCC document Confidentiality.

  16. The nature of confidentiality.

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, I E

    1979-01-01

    This paper examines confidentiality and its nature and analyses the guidelines laid down by the Hippocratic Oath as well as the British and World Medical Associations for maintaining such confidentiality between doctor and patient. There are exceptions to practically any code of rules and this is true also for confidentiality. Some of these exceptions make it appear that very little is confidential. The three values implicit in confidentiality would seem to be privacy, confidence and secrecy. Each of these values is discussed and developed in this paper. In conclusion, the question is suggested that maybe in the face of death, doctor and patient need to re-examine the pre-suppositions of privacy, confidence and secrecy on which the confidential relationship is based. PMID:469872

  17. Loop parallelism on Tera MTA using SISAL

    SciTech Connect

    Mitrovic, S.

    1995-11-01

    The difficulty of programming parallel computers has impeded their wide-spread use. The problems are caused by existing hardware and software tools. The software problems on shared-memory and vector computers can be solved by using deterministic high-performance functional languages like SISAL. Distributed-memory computers have even more obstacles than shared-memory parallel machines. Research indicates that multithreaded architectures can hide long latency of distributed memories and that they can solve the problems of locality. Tera`s MTA multiprocessor is based on the concept of multithreading and provides the programmer with a real shared-memory model. This paper investigates the performance of parallel loops written in SISAL and executed on the Tera MTA using the Livermore Loops benchmarks.

  18. Comparative chemical study of MTA and Portland cements.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Marília Gerhardt de; Xavier, Cristina Braga; Demarco, Flávio Fernando; Pinheiro, Antônio Luis Barbosa; Costa, Aline Tempel; Pozza, Daniel Humberto

    2007-01-01

    Portland cement has been analyzed and compared to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) because of their chemical similarity. The possibility of using this material as a less expensive alternative to MTA in dental practice should be considered. In view of this, the present study compared the components of a Portland cement (Votoran) to two commercial brands of MTA (Pro-Root and MTA-Angelus). Twelve specimens of each material were fabricated and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) to obtain their percentage of chemical elements. The means of the chemical elements found in each material was compared by descriptive statistics. Bismuth was present only in MTA cements to provide radiopacity. In conclusion, the tested cements have similar components, which supports, as far as composition is concerned, the possible clinical use of Portland as an option to MTA.

  19. Confidentiality in Sports Medicine.

    PubMed

    Malcolm, Dominic

    2016-04-01

    This article synthesizes existing literature to provide a summary of the ethical issues concerning patient confidentiality in sport. It outlines the medical principle of confidentiality and identifies cross-cultural ethicolegal variations that shape its implementation. Clinicians' multiple obligations, physical environments, and practice and policy contexts are discussed, and research detailing experiences of maintaining patient confidentiality in sport is reviewed. Policy recommendations for enhancing compliance with this ethical principle are summarized. It is argued that the context of sport exacerbates pressures on clinicians to break patient confidentiality, breaches occur regularly, and interventions are required to enhance ethical compliance in sports medicine.

  20. Working with the NCL - Material Transfer Agreement - Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory

    Cancer.gov

    To share and safeguard Research Material, intellectual property and proprietary information, the NCL's interaction with extramural researchers and vendors will normally be conducted under a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA).

  1. MTA1 Expression in Benign and Malignant Salivary gland Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Andisheh-Tadbir, Azadeh; Dehghani-Nazhvani, Ali; Ashraf, Mohammad Javad; Khademi, Bijan; Mirhadi, Hosein; Torabi-Ardekani, Shima

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Salivary gland tumors (SGTs) are important parts of human neoplasms. The most common SGT is pleomorphic adenoma and the most common malignant SGTs are mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Metastasis-associated genes 1 (MTA1), a member of the nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylation complex, is one newly discovered gene which recruits histone deacetylation, causing ATP-dependent chromosome remodeling, and regulating transcription. MTA1 had been shown to be overexpressed in malignant tumors with the enhancement of invasion and metastasis. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six samples of salivary gland tumors from the Khalili Hospital archive, including 20 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, 17 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 19 cases of ACC, and 23 cases of normal salivary gland tissues were chosen for immunohistochemical analysis of MTA1. Results: MTA1 expression in the malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in pleomorphic adenoma (P<0.001), and higher in pleomorphic adenoma than the normal salivary glands(P< 0.001). In total, 69.6% of normal salivary gland tissues showed MTA1, but all cases of salivary gland tumors were positive for MTA1. High nuclear expression of MTA1 was detected in 83.3% (30/36) of the malignant salivary gland tumors and 45% (9/20) of pleomorphic adenoma, while low MTA1 expression was seen in all of the normal salivary gland tissues. No statistically significant correlation was found between MTA1 protein expression and any clinicopathological features (P>0.05). Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that MTA1 was significantly overexpressed in malignant salivary gland neoplasm in comparison to a lower level in benign pleomorphic adenoma, suggesting that MTA1 protein might be involved in carcinogenesis. PMID:26878004

  2. MTA3 regulates CGB5 and Snail genes in trophoblast

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Ying; Miyazaki, Jun; Nishizawa, Haruki; Kurahashi, Hiroki; Leach, Richard; Wang, Kai

    2013-04-19

    Highlights: •Impaired MTA3, raised CGB5 and Snail expression are associated with preeclampsia. •Knock-down of MTA3 causes up-regulation of CGB5 and Snail genes in BeWo cells. •MTA3 occupies CGB5 and Snail gene promoters in BeWo cells. -- Abstract: Secreted by the placental trophoblast, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is an important hormone during pregnancy and is required for the maintenance of pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that dys-regulation of hCG expression is associated with preeclampsia. However, the exact relationship between altered hCG levels and development of preeclampsia is unknown. Metastasis associated protein 3 (MTA3), a chromatin remodeling protein, is abundantly expressed in the placental trophoblasts, but its function is unknown. In breast cancer, MTA3 has been shown to repress the expression of Snail and cell migration. However, whether MTA3 acts similarly in the trophoblast has not been investigated. In the present study, we examined the role of MTA3 in regulating the hCG β-subunit gene (gene name: CGB5) and Snail expression in the trophoblast cell line, BeWo, as well as its relevance to the high hCG expression levels seen in preeclampsia. First, we investigated MTA3 expression in preeclamptic placenta as compared to normal control placenta via gene expression microarray and qRT-PCR and found that MTA3 was significantly down-regulated, whereas both CGB5 and Snail were up-regulated in preeclamptic placenta. Secondly, we knocked down MTA3 gene in trophoblast cell line BeWo and found Snail and hCG were both up-regulated, suggesting that MTA3 represses Snail and hCG gene expression in trophoblasts. Next, we cloned the CGB5 and Snail promoters into the pGL3-basic vector individually and found that silencing of MTA3 by siRNA resulted in an increase of both CGB5 and Snail promoter activities. To confirm that this MTA3 inhibition is a direct effect, we performed a chromatin immune-precipitation (ChIP) assay and found that MTA3

  3. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  4. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  5. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  6. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  7. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  8. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  9. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  10. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  11. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  12. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  13. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  14. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  15. 7 CFR 1219.108 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1219.108 Section 1219.108 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION,...

  16. 7 CFR 1219.108 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1219.108 Section 1219.108 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION,...

  17. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  18. 7 CFR 1245.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1245.107 Section 1245.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE U.S. HONEY PRODUCER...

  19. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  20. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  1. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  2. 7 CFR 1280.227 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 1280.227 Section 1280.227 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  3. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  4. 7 CFR 1219.108 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1219.108 Section 1219.108 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION,...

  5. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  6. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  7. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  8. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  9. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  10. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  11. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  12. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  13. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  14. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  15. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  16. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  17. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  18. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  19. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  20. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  1. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  2. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  3. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  4. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  5. 3-Year Follow-up of the NIMH MTA Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Peter S.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Swanson, James M.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoza, Betsy; March, John S.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan

    2007-01-01

    Objective: In the intent-to-treat analysis of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA), the effects of medication management (MedMgt), behavior therapy (Beh), their combination (Comb), and usual community care (CC) differed at 14 and 24 months due to superiority of treatments that used the MTA medication algorithm (Comb+MedMgt)…

  6. Boon of MTA Apexification in Young Permanent Posterior Teeth

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Vinod; Prasad, Vijaya; Mahantesh, T.

    2014-01-01

    Single visit apexification using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a new boon in effective management of nonvital tooth with an open apex which has steadily gained popularity with clinicians; also it shortens the treatment period and improves patient compliance. Importance of this approach lies in expedient cleaning and shaping of the root canal system, followed by its apical seal with MTA. There are several case reports available describing the use of MTA as an apexification agent in incisors and premolar, but presented cases are the unique case reports demonstrating successful apexification procedure using MTA in young permanent mandibular molars. After eight-month follow-up, teeth were without any abnormal clinical symptoms; rather there were radiographic resolution of the periapical lesion and induction of root end closure with new hard tissue formation over MTA. PMID:25431690

  7. Confidentiality: a modified value.

    PubMed Central

    Emson, H E

    1988-01-01

    In its original expression as a medical value confidentiality may have been absolute; this concept has become eroded by patient consent, legal actions and change in the climate of public opinion. In particular requirements arising out of legal statutes and common law judgements have greatly modified the confidentiality of the doctor-patient relationship in societies deriving their law from English origins. Despite this, confidentiality remains a value which the physician must strive to preserve. He cannot however do this without considering its effect upon possible innocent third parties. PMID:3392723

  8. MTA3 regulates differentiation of human cytotrophoblast stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Horii, Mariko; Moretto-Zita, Matteo; Nelson, Katharine K.; Li, Yingchun; Parast, Mana M.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Early placental development depends on the correct balance of cytotrophoblast (CTB) proliferation and differentiation, into either syncytiotrophoblast (STB) involved in nutrient/gas exchange, or invasive extravillous trophoblast (EVT) involved in establishment of blood flow to the placenta. Metastasis associated protein-3 (MTA3) is a transcriptional co-repressor known to regulate cell migration. In addition, MTA3 is reportedly decreased in preeclampsia. We set out to investigate the role of MTA3 in human trophoblast differentiation. Methods We co-stained first and third trimester placental sections with antibodies to MTA3 and other trophoblast markers. We also evaluated MTA3 expression following in vitro differentiation of primary isolated CTB. In order to evaluate the role of MTA3 in trophoblast differentiation, we used lentiviral constructs to overexpress and knock down its expression. Trophoblast differentiation was assessed by a combination of marker expression and functional assays, including hCG ELISA and cell migration. Results MTA3 was abundantly expressed in CTB and proximal cell column EVT in the human placenta and decreased with further differentiation into STB and mature EVT. MTA3 knockdown in JEG3 resulted in a 2–3 fold decrease in STB markers, CGB and GCM1, as well as in hCG secretion. In terms of EVT differentiation, MTA3 knockdown led to a 1.5–2 fold increase in HLA-G and cell migration, but decreased the mature EVT marker ITGA1. Discussion Taken together, our data suggest a role for MTA3 in terminal trophoblast differentiation into both hCG-secreting STB and mature EVT. PMID:26198267

  9. MTA3 regulates CGB5 and Snail genes in trophoblast.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ying; Miyazaki, Jun; Nishizawa, Haruki; Kurahashi, Hiroki; Leach, Richard; Wang, Kai

    2013-04-19

    Secreted by the placental trophoblast, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is an important hormone during pregnancy and is required for the maintenance of pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that dys-regulation of hCG expression is associated with preeclampsia. However, the exact relationship between altered hCG levels and development of preeclampsia is unknown. Metastasis associated protein 3 (MTA3), a chromatin remodeling protein, is abundantly expressed in the placental trophoblasts, but its function is unknown. In breast cancer, MTA3 has been shown to repress the expression of Snail and cell migration. However, whether MTA3 acts similarly in the trophoblast has not been investigated. In the present study, we examined the role of MTA3 in regulating the hCG β-subunit gene (gene name: CGB5) and Snail expression in the trophoblast cell line, BeWo, as well as its relevance to the high hCG expression levels seen in preeclampsia. First, we investigated MTA3 expression in preeclamptic placenta as compared to normal control placenta via gene expression microarray and qRT-PCR and found that MTA3 was significantly down-regulated, whereas both CGB5 and Snail were up-regulated in preeclamptic placenta. Secondly, we knocked down MTA3 gene in trophoblast cell line BeWo and found Snail and hCG were both up-regulated, suggesting that MTA3 represses Snail and hCG gene expression in trophoblasts. Next, we cloned the CGB5 and Snail promoters into the pGL3-basic vector individually and found that silencing of MTA3 by siRNA resulted in an increase of both CGB5 and Snail promoter activities. To confirm that this MTA3 inhibition is a direct effect, we performed a chromatin immune-precipitation (ChIP) assay and found that MTA3 occupied the proximal promoter regions of both Snail and hCG within BeWo cells. Furthermore, we examined MTA3 expression in placental trophoblast by immunohistochemistry and found that MTA3 expression was higher in villous cytotrophoblasts versus

  10. 34 CFR 300.610 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... GEPA, to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of any personally identifiable data, information... DISABILITIES Monitoring, Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information Confidentiality of...

  11. Cytotoxic effects of White-MTA and MTA-Bio cements on odontoblast-like cells (MDPC-23).

    PubMed

    Lessa, Fernanda Campos Rosetti; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Hebling, Josimeri; Costa, Carlos Alberto de Souza

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of 2 mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements - White-MTA-Angelus and a new formulation, MTA-Bio - on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures. Twenty-four disc-shaped (2 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) specimens were fabricated from each material and immersed individually in wells containing 1 mL of DMEM culture medium for either 24 h or 7 days to obtain extracts, giving rise to 4 groups of 12 specimens each: G1 - White-MTA/24 h; G2 - White-MTA/7 days; G3 - MTA-Bio/24 h; and G4 - MTA-Bio/7 days. Plain culture medium (DMEM) was used as a negative control (G5). Cells at 30,000 cells/cm(2) concentration were seeded in the wells of 24-well plates and incubated in a humidified incubator with 5% CO2 and 95% air at 37 degrees C for 72 h. After this period, the culture medium of each well was replaced by 1 mL of extract (or plain DMEM in the control group) and the cells were incubated for additional 2 h. Cell metabolism was evaluated by the MTT assay and the data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha=0.05). Cell morphology and the surface of representative MTA specimens of each group were examined by scanning electron microscopy. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between G1 and G2 or between G3 and G4. No significant difference (p>0.05) was found between the experimental and control groups either. Similar cell organization and morphology were observed in all groups, regardless of the storage periods. However, the number of cells observed in the experimental groups decreased compared to the control group. MTA-Bio presented irregular surface with more porosities than White-MTA. In conclusion, White-MTA and MTA-Bio presented low cytotoxic effects on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures.

  12. Cytotoxic effects of White-MTA and MTA-Bio cements on odontoblast-like cells (MDPC-23).

    PubMed

    Lessa, Fernanda Campos Rosetti; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Hebling, Josimeri; Costa, Carlos Alberto de Souza

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of 2 mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements - White-MTA-Angelus and a new formulation, MTA-Bio - on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures. Twenty-four disc-shaped (2 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) specimens were fabricated from each material and immersed individually in wells containing 1 mL of DMEM culture medium for either 24 h or 7 days to obtain extracts, giving rise to 4 groups of 12 specimens each: G1 - White-MTA/24 h; G2 - White-MTA/7 days; G3 - MTA-Bio/24 h; and G4 - MTA-Bio/7 days. Plain culture medium (DMEM) was used as a negative control (G5). Cells at 30,000 cells/cm(2) concentration were seeded in the wells of 24-well plates and incubated in a humidified incubator with 5% CO2 and 95% air at 37 degrees C for 72 h. After this period, the culture medium of each well was replaced by 1 mL of extract (or plain DMEM in the control group) and the cells were incubated for additional 2 h. Cell metabolism was evaluated by the MTT assay and the data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha=0.05). Cell morphology and the surface of representative MTA specimens of each group were examined by scanning electron microscopy. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between G1 and G2 or between G3 and G4. No significant difference (p>0.05) was found between the experimental and control groups either. Similar cell organization and morphology were observed in all groups, regardless of the storage periods. However, the number of cells observed in the experimental groups decreased compared to the control group. MTA-Bio presented irregular surface with more porosities than White-MTA. In conclusion, White-MTA and MTA-Bio presented low cytotoxic effects on odontoblast-like cell (MDPC-23) cultures. PMID:20464317

  13. Single Step Endodontic Management of Immature Apices using MTA

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, SK; Kumar, Ashok; Garg, Amit Kumar; Jindal, MK; Juneja, Harish

    2011-01-01

    Aim To examine the clinical and radiographic appearance of teeth with immature apices that were treated by single step procedure using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Summary Creation of a physiological hard tissue barrier with calcium hydroxide in a nonvital tooth although quite predictable has certain limitations, such as the very long duration of the treatment spread over multiple visits and increased risk of root fracture. Plugging the root canal end with MTA has been advocated as an alternative treatment modality for open apices. The technique has been proven to be successful in many recently reported cases. The cases reported here present the successful treatment of two traumatized maxillary central incisors with open apices and periapical lesions using MTA. In this case report, MTA has been used to create a hard tissue barrier after disinfection of the root canal.

  14. Single Step Endodontic Management of Immature Apices using MTA

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, SK; Kumar, Ashok; Garg, Amit Kumar; Jindal, MK; Juneja, Harish

    2011-01-01

    Aim To examine the clinical and radiographic appearance of teeth with immature apices that were treated by single step procedure using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Summary Creation of a physiological hard tissue barrier with calcium hydroxide in a nonvital tooth although quite predictable has certain limitations, such as the very long duration of the treatment spread over multiple visits and increased risk of root fracture. Plugging the root canal end with MTA has been advocated as an alternative treatment modality for open apices. The technique has been proven to be successful in many recently reported cases. The cases reported here present the successful treatment of two traumatized maxillary central incisors with open apices and periapical lesions using MTA. In this case report, MTA has been used to create a hard tissue barrier after disinfection of the root canal. PMID:27678239

  15. Exploring confidentiality in nursing practice.

    PubMed

    Woodrow, P

    1996-05-01

    This article discusses the complex issues and dilemmas that nurses need to consider when dealing with confidential information. As well as reviewing situations where patients' rights to confidentiality conflict with public interest, the author discusses nurses' legal, ethical, moral and professional duties when handling confidentiality issues.

  16. In vitro cytotoxicity of white MTA, MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement on human periodontal ligament fibroblasts.

    PubMed

    Yoshino, Patrícia; Nishiyama, Celso Kenji; Modena, Karin Cristina da Silva; Santos, Carlos Ferreira; Sipert, Carla Renata

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement (PC) on human cultured periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Periodontal ligament fibroblast culture was established and the cells were used for cytotoxic tests after the fourth passage. Cell density was set at 1.25 X10 4 cells/well in 96-well plates. Endodontic material extracts were prepared by placing sealer/cement specimens (5x3mm) in 1mL of culture medium for 72 h. The extracts were then serially two-fold diluted and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h. MTT assay was employed for analysis of cell viability. Cell supernatants were tested for nitric oxide using the Griess reagent system. MTA presented cytotoxic effect in undiluted extracts at 24 and 72 h. MTA Fillapex® presented the highest cytotoxic levels with important cell viability reduction for pure extracts and at ½ and ¼ dilutions. In this study, PC did not induce alterations in fibroblast viability. Nitric oxide was detected in extract-treated cell supernatants and also in the extracts only, suggesting presence of nitrite in the soluble content of the tested materials. In the present study, MTA Fillapex displayed the highest cytotoxic effect on periodontal ligament fibroblasts followed by white MTA and PC.

  17. Confidentiality and Morality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilsen, Thomas R.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses some of the problems faced when the constraints of confidentiality conflict with one's perceived duty to make the truth known to those whose interests may be affected. Suggests a "due process of moral decision" when such a choice is faced. (JMF)

  18. Case studies in confidentiality.

    PubMed

    Lowenthal, David

    2002-05-01

    Although a fundamental principle of psychiatric practice in general and psychotherapy in particular is that interactions and communications between clinician and patient are private, there are certain instances in which there is an affirmative obligation to break confidentiality, or in which such a breach is at least legally (if not ethically) permitted. The author examines the various situations in which a psychiatrist's obligation to maintain confidentiality is modified or even completely overridden by some other competing clinical, legal, or ethical principle or obligation. He reviews the duty to protect third parties (Tarasoff warnings), situations in which a psychiatrist's loyalties are divided between the patient and some other entity, person, or principle (dual agency issues), the release of information in emergencies, and the reporting of abuse. He also discusses the circle of confidentiality and which individuals are deemed to be inside and outside that circle. Guidelines for the use of clinical material in presentations and publications are reviewed. The author also considers how psychiatrists should deal with knowledge of past criminal behavior that they may obtain during the course of treatment. Finally, the author discusses the need to carefully document the rationale for whatever course of action is taken. PMID:15985872

  19. MTA1 regulation of ERβ pathway in salivary gland carcinoma cells

    SciTech Connect

    Ohshiro, Kazufumi Kumar, Rakesh

    2015-09-04

    Abstracts: Although Metastatic-tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) is differentially expressed in metastatic cancer and coregulates the status and activity of nuclear receptors, its role upon estrogen receptor β (ERβ) – a potent tumor suppressor, remains poorly understood. Here we investigated whether MTA1 regulates the expression and functions of ERβ, an ER isoform predominantly expressed in salivary gland cancer cells. We found that the depletion of the endogenous MTA1 in the HSG and HSY salivary duct carcinoma cell lines enhances the expression of ERβ while MTA1 overexpression augmented the expression of ERβ in salivary duct carcinoma cells. Furthermore, MTA1 knockdown inhibited the proliferations and invasion of HSG and HSY cells. The noted ERβ downregulation by MTA1 overexpression involves the process of proteasomal degradation, as a proteasome inhibitor could block it. In addition, both MTA1 knockdown and ERβ overexpression attenuated the cell migration and inhibited the ERK1/2 signaling in the both cell lines. These findings imply that MTA1 dysregulation in a subset of salivary gland cancer might promote aggressive phenotypes by compromising the tumor suppressor activity of ERβ, and hence, MTA1-ERβ axis might serve a new therapeutic target for the salivary gland cancer. - Highlights: • MTA1 silencing upregulates ERβ expression in salivary gland carcinoma cells. • MTA1 overexpression downregulates ERβ expression via proteasomal degradation. • Upregulation of ERβ expression inhibits cell migration and ERK signaling. • MTA1 knockdown inhibits cell proliferation and invasion.

  20. Unifying Theories of Confidentiality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banks, Michael J.; Jacob, Jeremy L.

    This paper presents a framework for reasoning about the security of confidential data within software systems. A novelty is that we use Hoare and He's Unifying Theories of Programming (UTP) to do so and derive advantage from this choice. We identify how information flow between users can be modelled in the UTP and devise conditions for verifying that system designs may not leak secret information to untrusted users. We also investigate how these conditions can be combined with existing notions of refinement to produce refinement relations suitable for deriving secure implementations of systems.

  1. Confidentiality in Childbirth Education

    PubMed Central

    Philipsen, Nayna C.

    2010-01-01

    Protecting the confidentiality of the personal information that childbirth educators receive from their clients is crucial. Without this respect for privacy, educators will not be able to get the information essential to meeting their objectives. Childbirth educators who work in schools may come under federal law that protects individual student records (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, or FERPA). Childbirth educators who are employed in a health-care facility may come under federal law that protects individual health information (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, or HIPAA). All childbirth educators must be thoughtful advocates of the rights to privacy and self-determination of expectant parents. PMID:21358833

  2. Delayed tooth replantation: MTA as root canal filling.

    PubMed

    Panzarini, Sônia Regina; Sonoda, Celso Koogi; Saito, Célia Tomiko Matida Hamata; Hamanaka, Elizane Ferreira; Poi, Wilson Roberto

    2014-01-01

    MTA has been investigated as a root-end filling material. Its mechanism of action has some similarities to that of Ca(OH)2. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the repair process taking place in the delayed replantation of monkey teeth using calcium hydroxide and MTA as root canal filling materials. Five monkeys had their lateral incisors extracted and bench-dried for 60 minutes. After root canal preparation, the teeth were assigned to two groups according to root canal filling material: I, calcium hydroxide; and II, MTA. The same treatment sequence was followed for both groups: coronal seal, periodontal ligament removal, immersion of the tooth in 2% acidulated-phosphate sodium fluoride, irrigation of the socket with saline and replantation. Both groups exhibited replacement resorption, areas of ankylosis and absence of inflammatory root resorption. Statistically similar results (p > 0.05) were observed for both groups regarding replacement root resorption, but the groups differed significantly (p < 0.05) regarding the occurrence of ankylosis. MTA may be a viable clinical option for filling teeth submitted to delayed replantation, and is an acceptable option for treating replanted permanent teeth in order to prevent tooth resorption, particularly when dressing changes are not possible. PMID:25337936

  3. Expression of MTA2 and Ki-67 in hepatocellular carcinoma and their correlation with prognosis

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Wei; Hu, Jiangfeng; Zhu, Shizhang; Shen, Xiaoying; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Yang, Changqing; Gao, Hengjun; Zhang, Hao

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among MTA2, Ki-67 and HCC patient prognosis. Tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of MTA2 and Ki-67 in HCC samples and corresponding adjacent samples. We found MTA2 and Ki-67 were both increased in HCC tissues than those in adjacent tissues and nuclear MTA2 was associated with Ki-67 (P = 0.019). Moreover, nuclear MTA2 was a risk factor of distant metastasis in patients with HCC andKi-67 showed a negative correlation with histological grade (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). Multivariate Cox model analysis revealed that Ki-67 expression was an independent prognosis factor in HCC patients (P = 0.020). These results indicated there might be a tight correlation among MTA2, Ki-67 and HCC prognosis. MTA2 combined with Ki-67 might be used to predict HCC patient prognosis. PMID:26722504

  4. Postmortem Confidentiality: An Ethical Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret; Kabell, Douglas R.

    2011-01-01

    In an era of increased need and expectation for confidentiality, the counseling record of the deceased client challenges confidentiality. Using ethical codes and legal mandates, the authors explore whether the counseling record of a deceased client should be released when the client's will and the client's counseling records are silent on this…

  5. Patient Perspectives of Medical Confidentiality

    PubMed Central

    Sankar, Pamela; Mora, Susan; Merz, Jon F; Jones, Nora L

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To lay the groundwork for a better understanding of patient views on medical confidentiality. DESIGN Studies were found by searching medline, bioethicsline, and selected bibliographies. Articles concerning physician perspectives or implications of legal and administrative regulations were excluded. Only peer-reviewed journal articles reporting original research on patients' confidentiality views and conduct were included. MAIN RESULTS Many patients are unaware of or misunderstand their legal or ethical right to medical confidentiality protections, which leads them to both over- and underestimate confidentiality protections. The possibility that medical information might be revealed, intentionally or not, to acquaintances in a clinic or other social community troubles patients as much as information release to insurers or employers. A significant minority of patients distrust confidentiality protections, leading some to report that they delay or forgo medical care. If doubtful that confidentiality will be upheld, patients will act independently to protect information. CONCLUSIONS Our review found a wider variety of understandings and beliefs about medical confidentiality among patients than are often indicated in the writings of practitioners or legal experts. As medical confidentiality regulations evolve, these differences need to be recognized and accounted for in interactions between practitioners and patients. PMID:12911650

  6. ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus and IRM used to repair large furcation perforations: sealability study.

    PubMed

    Hashem, Ahmed Abdel Rahman; Hassanien, Ehab E

    2008-01-01

    The ability of two mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) compounds and Intermediate Restorative Material (IRM) to seal large furcation perforations were evaluated using a dye-extraction leakage method. The furcation perforations were repaired with and without the use of internal matrix before placement of repair material. Eighty extracted human mandibular first molars were divided into positive (n = 10), negative (n = 10), and three experimental groups (n = 20) according to the repair material used. Each experimental group was divided into two subgroups (n = 10) according to whether internal matrix was used or not. Dye leakage was tested from an orthograde direction, and dye extraction was performed using full concentration nitric acid. Dye absorbance was measured at 550 nm using spectrophotometer. ProRoot MTA (Maillfer, Dentsply, Switzerland) with and without internal matrix and MTA-Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) with internal matrix showed the least dye absorbance. IRM (Caulk, Dentsply, Milford, DE) without internal matrix showed the highest dye absorbance. IRM with internal matrix and MTA-Angelus without internal matrix had insignificant difference and came at intermediate level between the other groups.

  7. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  8. 46 CFR 535.608 - Confidentiality of submitted material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality of submitted material. 535.608 Section 535.608 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984...

  9. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  10. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  11. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  12. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  13. Evaluation of Antibacterial Efficacy of MTA with and without Additives Like Silver Zeolite and Chlorhexidine

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Anand; Giriyappa, Ramesh Halebathi; Singh, Thakur Veerandar; Jyotsna, Sistla Venkata; Rairam, Surabhi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Microorganisms, predominantly Enterococcus faecalis are found responsible in the progression of pulpal, periradicular diseases and in endodontic failures. Unsuccessful conventional treatment might necessitate the need for a surgical approach; where in retrograde restorative materials are used to seal the apex. Among the root end filling materials, Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is considered biocompatible and is most commonly used in clinical applications but it has limited antibacterial activity. Metallic silver and chlorhexidine have been added into various dental materials to enhance the antibacterial activity. Aim This study aimed to compare the antibacterial effect of MTA, MTA mixed with silver zeolite and MTA mixed with chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods Test materials used in the study were divided into three groups namely Group 1- MTA, Group 2-MTA + Silver Zeolite, Group 3-MTA + Chlorhexidine. Direct contact test was done by placing a standardized suspension of Enterococcus faecalis on the test materials in a 96 well microtiter plate. The bacterial growth was measured spectrophotometrically using ELISA reader at intervals of one, three and seven days. Statistical Analysis Data was collected by recording the optical density and analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple post hoc test followed by paired-t test. Results and Conclusion All test groups showed antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis at day one, three and seven. MTA with silver zeolite showed the maximum antibacterial activity followed by MTA with 2% chlorhexidine. The least antibacterial effect was shown by MTA mixed with sterile water. PMID:27504400

  14. Confidentiality issues in psychological research.

    PubMed

    Peterson, C C; Siddle, D A T

    1995-11-01

    There has been increased attention in recent years to the importance of individual privacy and professional confidentiality both in Australia and overseas. At the same time, psychologists' growing research interests in areas such as AIDS, child sexual abuse, and domestic violence have led to new ethical dilemmas over the contract of confidentiality between researchers and their research participants. The present paper discusses a number of issues regarding the ethics of confidentiality in psychological research. Following Bok (1989), the issues are highlighted within the context of four ethical principles that underlie researchers' obligations to preserve confidentiality. These principles are derived from considerations of privacy, loyalty, the pledge of silence, and professional codes of ethical standards. Each of these principles is illustrated with examples taken from recent research. We devote special attention to instances that appear to provide a clash between moral principles.

  15. Bioethics for clinicians: 8. Confidentiality

    PubMed Central

    Kleinman, I; Baylis, F; Rodgers, S; Singer, P

    1997-01-01

    Physicians are obliged to keep information about their patients secret. The understanding that the physician will not disclose private information about the patient provides a foundation for trust in the therapeutic relationship. Respect for confidentiality is firmly established in codes of ethics and in law. It is sometimes necessary, however, for physicians to breach confidentiality. Physicians should familiarize themselves with legislation in their own province governing the disclosure of certain kinds of information without the patient's authorization. Even when no specific legislation applies, the duty to warn sometimes overrides the duty to respect confidentiality. The physician should disclose only that information necessary to prevent harm, and should reveal this information only to those who need to know it in order to avert harm. Whenever possible any breach of confidentiality should be discussed with the patient beforehand. PMID:9054822

  16. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.663 MTA-based SMR system operations. (a) MTA-based licensees authorized in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band pursuant to § 90.661 may construct and operate...

  17. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for SMR spectrum blocks in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band listed in table 4B of § 90.617(d) are available in 51...

  18. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.663 MTA-based SMR system operations. (a) MTA-based licensees authorized in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band pursuant to § 90.661 may construct and operate...

  19. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for SMR spectrum blocks in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band listed in table 4B of § 90.617(d) are available in 51...

  20. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.663 MTA-based SMR system operations. (a) MTA-based licensees authorized in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band pursuant to § 90.661 may construct and operate...

  1. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for SMR spectrum blocks in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band listed in table 4B of § 90.617(d) are available in 51...

  2. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.663 MTA-based SMR system operations. (a) MTA-based licensees authorized in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band pursuant to § 90.661 may construct and operate...

  3. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.663 MTA-based SMR system operations. (a) MTA-based licensees authorized in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band pursuant to § 90.661 may construct and operate...

  4. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for SMR spectrum blocks in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band listed in table 4B of § 90.617(d) are available in 51...

  5. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for SMR spectrum blocks in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band listed in table 4B of § 90.617(d) are available in 51...

  6. MTA1 regulation of ERβ pathway in salivary gland carcinoma cells.

    PubMed

    Ohshiro, Kazufumi; Kumar, Rakesh

    2015-09-01

    Although Metastatic-tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) is differentially expressed in metastatic cancer and coregulates the status and activity of nuclear receptors, its role upon estrogen receptor β (ERβ) - a potent tumor suppressor, remains poorly understood. Here we investigated whether MTA1 regulates the expression and functions of ERβ, an ER isoform predominantly expressed in salivary gland cancer cells. We found that the depletion of the endogenous MTA1 in the HSG and HSY salivary duct carcinoma cell lines enhances the expression of ERβ while MTA1 overexpression augmented the expression of ERβ in salivary duct carcinoma cells. Furthermore, MTA1 knockdown inhibited the proliferations and invasion of HSG and HSY cells. The noted ERβ downregulation by MTA1 overexpression involves the process of proteasomal degradation, as a proteasome inhibitor could block it. In addition, both MTA1 knockdown and ERβ overexpression attenuated the cell migration and inhibited the ERK1/2 signaling in the both cell lines. These findings imply that MTA1 dysregulation in a subset of salivary gland cancer might promote aggressive phenotypes by compromising the tumor suppressor activity of ERβ, and hence, MTA1-ERβ axis might serve a new therapeutic target for the salivary gland cancer.

  7. Fetal privacy and confidentiality.

    PubMed

    Botkin, J R

    1995-01-01

    With the advent of new and better contraceptive methods and the ability to facilitate and manipulate fertilization and gestation, couples will gain greater control over their fertility. Once a pregnancy has been established or an in vitro embryo created, the ability to evaluate the embryo and fetus will increase dramatically with progress in human genetic research. Preconception and preimplantation genetic testing and screening are now possible, and the technology to perform prenatal screening early in gestation is advancing rapidly. Nonsurgical methods facilitate induced abortion with a relatively lower degree of trauma upon the woman undergoing the procedure. These capabilities may all be used to enable and even encourage the genetic selection of future children. Despite the ethical concerns associated with prenatal testing and abortion, these services will continue to be an integral aspect of reproductive medicine. As technology advances, however, it will be possible to test and screen for conditions which do not produce serious defects. Genetic conditions which produce relatively mild impacts upon health will be identifiable in the embryo or fetus, while late-onset conditions and genetic factors which have only a probability of affecting health will also be located in the fetal genome. Prospective parents may therefore soon have the capability of selecting their most desirable embryo in vitro, or terminating all undesirable fetuses in vivo until the preferred child is delivered. The medical profession must take some responsibility for establishing guidelines on the use of reproductive technology. The standards of practice for the medical profession must reflect the results of a broad social debate over competing moral values. The author develops an argument for legal and ethical limitations on the application of prenatal testing and screening technology, suggesting that for some medical conditions, respect for the privacy and confidentiality of the fetus

  8. 47 CFR 90.665 - Authorization, construction and implementation of MTA licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Use of Frequencies in the 806-824, 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the... block, including any stations that may have been subject to an earlier construction deadline arising... extent to which incumbent licensees are present within the MTA block. (d) MTA licensees who fail to...

  9. Molecular functions and significance of the MTA family in hormone-independent cancer.

    PubMed

    Ning, Zhifeng; Gan, Jinfeng; Chen, Chaoying; Zhang, Dianzheng; Zhang, Hao

    2014-12-01

    The members of the metastasis-associated protein (MTA) family play pivotal roles in both physiological and pathophysiological processes, especially in cancer development and metastasis, and their role as master regulators has come to light. Due to the fact that they were first identified as crucial factors in estrogen receptor-mediated breast cancer metastasis, most of the early studies focused on their hormone-dependent functions. However, the accumulating evidence shows that the members of MTA family are deregulated in most, if not all, the cancers studied so far. Therefore, the levels as well as the activities of the MTA family members are widely accepted as potential biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and predictors of overall survival. They function differently in different cancers with specific mechanisms. p53 and HIF-1α appear to be the respectively common upstream and downstream regulator of the MTA family in both development and metastasis of a wide spectrum of cancers. Here, we review the expression and clinical significance of the MTA family, focusing on hormone-independent cancers. To illustrate the molecular mechanisms, we analyze the MTA family-related signaling pathways in different cancers. Finally, targeting the MTA family directly or the pathways involved in the MTA family indirectly could be invaluable strategies in the development of cancer therapeutics.

  10. Dietary Pterostilbene is a novel MTA1-targeted chemopreventive and therapeutic agent in prostate cancer

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dietary nutrients with ability to reverse adverse epigenetic events have great potential for cancer chemoprevention. Overexpression of the epigenetic modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) is associated with aggressive human prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine MTA1-d...

  11. Confidentiality in the emergency department.

    PubMed

    Knopp, R K; Satterlee, P A

    1999-05-01

    The ideal of patient confidentiality has mutated over the last several years to accommodate the factors that infringe upon its meaning; such as expanding health care information technologies, physical environments that promote breaches of patient privacy, and health care workers who are unaware of how their routine behavior infringes on patients' right to privacy. This article examines the various ways in which confidentiality is breached in the emergency department and the legal issues involved, and explores options for the improvement of patient privacy for physicians and other health care professionals.

  12. Data Confidentiality Challenges in Big Data Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Jian; Zhao, Dongfang

    2015-12-15

    In this paper, we address the problem of data confidentiality in big data analytics. In many fields, much useful patterns can be extracted by applying machine learning techniques to big data. However, data confidentiality must be protected. In many scenarios, data confidentiality could well be a prerequisite for data to be shared. We present a scheme to provide provable secure data confidentiality and discuss various techniques to optimize performance of such a system.

  13. Sealing ability of ProRoot MTA and MTA-Angelus simulating a one-step apical barrier technique--an in vitro study.

    PubMed

    Lolayekar, Nikita; Bhat, Sham S; Hegde, Sundeep

    2009-01-01

    Endodontic treatment of the pulpless tooth with an immature root apex poses a special challenge for the clinician due to lack of an apical stop against which to compact an interim dressing of calcium hydroxide, or the final obturation material. A one-visit apexification protocol with MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate) has be seen as an alternative to the traditional treatment practices with calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of MTA as a 5mm apical barrier by comparing sealing ability of ProRoot MTA to that of MTA-Angelus. 50 freshly extracted Maxillary and Mandibular single canal sound human incisor teeth were used in this study, which were decoronated to standardized 10mm root lengths. The root segments were prepared to simulate the clinical situation of an open apex with Gates Glidden burs # 51 and randomly assigned into 2 experimental groups of 20 samples each (Group A: ProRoot MTA, Group B: MTA-Angelus) and 10 root segments were used as control (Group C) where no apical barrier was used. After obturation the coronal portion of all samples were sealed with Glass Ionomer and stored at 37 degrees C and 100% humidity for 4 weeks. The root segments were then double coated with nail varnish except for the apical 1mm and apical ends of all root segments were suspended vertically in methylene blue dye for 48 hours at room temperature. After removal from the dye, the samples were sectioned longitudinally and linear dye penetration was measured using a Grid and stereomicroscope. The measurements were tabulated and statistically analyzed. The mean percentage of dye leakage for Group A was 55.5% and for Group B was 53.25%. The results showed no statistically significant difference in the sealing ability of ProRoot MTA and MTA-Angelus when used as apical barriers.

  14. Sealing Ability of MTA Used in Perforation Repair of Permanent Teeth; Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Baroudi, Kusai; Samir, Samah

    2016-01-01

    There were several materials used to seal different types of perforation defects. MTA is one of these restorative materials that is considered the most effective, biocompatible, non-toxic, and non-irritant; promote bone healing and cementum regeneration. The objective of this article was to review and summarize the sealing ability of MTA compared with the other materials used for sealing different types of root perforations of permanent teeth. A literature search was conducted using Medline, accessed via the National Library of Medicine Pub Med from 2005 to 2015 searching for articles related to sealing ability of MTA. This study found that factors affecting prognosis are the size, site of the perforation and time elapsed as well as the repair material. MTA is an important filling material to be used for sealing different types of perforations when perforated sites sealed immediately with MTA. PMID:27347231

  15. MTA family of transcriptional metaregulators in mammary gland morphogenesis and breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Singh, Rajesh R; Kumar, Rakesh

    2007-09-01

    Since breast cancer and its associated metastasis are a global health problem and a major cause of mortality among women, research efforts to understand the development, morphogenesis, and functioning of the mammary gland are a high priority. Myriad signaling pathways, transcription factors, and associated transcriptional coregulators have been identified in both normal functioning and neoplastic transformation of the mammary gland. The discovery of the metastasis tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) gene, its overexpression in cancer and metastasis and its subsequent identification as an integral part of the chromatin remodeling complex heralded extensive research on its physiological role. Subsequent identification of additional gene family members, namely MTA1s, MTA2, and MTA3, and their functions in the cell has resulted in the establishment of the significance of the MTA family. The role of these proteins in modulating hormonal responses in normal mammary glands and in breast cancer has resulted in their identification as important molecular markers and potential therapeutic targets.

  16. Sealing Ability of MTA Used in Perforation Repair of Permanent Teeth; Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Baroudi, Kusai; Samir, Samah

    2016-01-01

    There were several materials used to seal different types of perforation defects. MTA is one of these restorative materials that is considered the most effective, biocompatible, non-toxic, and non-irritant; promote bone healing and cementum regeneration. The objective of this article was to review and summarize the sealing ability of MTA compared with the other materials used for sealing different types of root perforations of permanent teeth. A literature search was conducted using Medline, accessed via the National Library of Medicine Pub Med from 2005 to 2015 searching for articles related to sealing ability of MTA. This study found that factors affecting prognosis are the size, site of the perforation and time elapsed as well as the repair material. MTA is an important filling material to be used for sealing different types of perforations when perforated sites sealed immediately with MTA. PMID:27347231

  17. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to MSHA... professional inform the operator who provided the trade secret chemical identity prior to or at the same...

  18. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Reports, Books and Records § 983.65 Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to the committee which include confidential data or...

  19. 37 CFR 261.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 261... THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS § 261.5 Confidential information. (a) For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any information contained therein,...

  20. 37 CFR 384.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 384... BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES § 384.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any information contained therein,...

  1. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY..., Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.20 Confidentiality. The confidentiality...

  2. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY..., Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.20 Confidentiality. The confidentiality...

  3. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY..., Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.20 Confidentiality. The confidentiality...

  4. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY..., Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.20 Confidentiality. The confidentiality...

  5. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY..., Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.20 Confidentiality. The confidentiality...

  6. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a) Filing confidential information. If a party wants certain information that the party is filing not made available...

  7. 37 CFR 380.5 - Confidential Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential Information. 380... Noncommercial Webcasters § 380.5 Confidential Information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this subpart, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account and any information contained...

  8. 37 CFR 262.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential information. 262... Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any information contained therein, including the amount of royalty...

  9. 37 CFR 380.24 - Confidential Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential Information. 380... Webcasters § 380.24 Confidential Information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this subpart, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account and any information contained therein, including...

  10. 37 CFR 384.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential information. 384... BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES § 384.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this section, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account and any information...

  11. 37 CFR 380.14 - Confidential Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential Information. 380... Confidential Information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this subpart, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account and any information contained therein, including the amount of...

  12. 37 CFR 261.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential information. 261... TRANSMISSIONS AND THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS § 261.5 Confidential information. (a) For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any...

  13. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and include in the request the specific time frame confidential treatment is required. (2) Mark data or...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this...

  14. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and include in the request the specific time frame confidential treatment is required. (2) Mark data or...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this...

  15. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and include in the request the specific time frame confidential treatment is required. (2) Mark data or...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this...

  16. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and include in the request the specific time frame confidential treatment is required. (2) Mark data or...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this...

  17. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and include in the request the specific time frame confidential treatment is required. (2) Mark data or...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this...

  18. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use § 2.63 Confidential communications. (a) A court order under these regulations may authorize disclosure of confidential... prosecution of an extremely serious crime, such as one which directly threatens loss of life or serious...

  19. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use § 2.63 Confidential communications. (a) A court order under these regulations may authorize disclosure of confidential... prosecution of an extremely serious crime, such as one which directly threatens loss of life or serious...

  20. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use § 2.63 Confidential communications. (a) A court order under these regulations may authorize disclosure of confidential... prosecution of an extremely serious crime, such as one which directly threatens loss of life or serious...

  1. Confidential Training Needs Assessment Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jean; Ingram, Cynthia

    In 1988, Patrick Henry Community College (PHCC), in cooperation with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, conducted a confidential survey of members of the Henry County Sheriff's Department and the Martinsville Police Department to determine training needs. Groups of between 1 and 15 employees from all shifts and departments were…

  2. College Confidential: A Field Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Day and night the locals chatter. They counsel and console, bicker and rant. Their questions are endless. Though often hopeful, they never stop pounding the drums of worry. This is College Confidential, a vast virtual realm where visitors can find the best and worst of human nature. Here, in moderated discussion forums, people help strangers. They…

  3. Confidential inquiry into malaria deaths.

    PubMed Central

    Dürrheim, D. N.; Frieremans, S.; Kruger, P.; Mabuza, A.; de Bruyn, J. C.

    1999-01-01

    The results of a confidential inquiry into mortality attributed to malaria in South Africa's Mpumalanga Province are being used to guide the design of strategies for improving the management of cases and reducing the probability of deaths from the disease. PMID:10212518

  4. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the event that the reporting individual fails to file, falsifies information, or files late with... part on ethics agreements applies to both the public and confidential reporting systems under this part....

  5. Medical confidentiality and patient safety: reporting procedures.

    PubMed

    Abbing, Henriette Roscam

    2014-06-01

    Medical confidentiality is of individual and of general interest. Medical confidentiality is not absolute. European countries differ in their legislative approaches of consent for data-sharing and lawful breaches of medical confidentiality. An increase of interference by the legislator with medical confidentiality is noticeable. In The Netherlands for instance this takes the form of new mandatory duties to report resp. of legislation providing for a release of medical confidentiality in specific situations, often under the condition that reporting takes place on the basis of a professional code that includes elements imposed by the legislator (e.g. (suspicion of) child abuse, domestic violence). Legislative interference must not result in the patient loosing trust in healthcare. To avoid erosion of medical confidentiality, (comparative) effectiveness studies and privacy impact assessments are necessary (European and national level). Medical confidentiality should be a subject of permanent education of health personnel.

  6. Comparative SEM study of the marginal adaptation of white and grey MTA and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Bidar, Maryam; Moradi, Saeed; Jafarzadeh, Hamid; Bidad, Salma

    2007-04-01

    The use of a suitable substance that prevents egress of potential contaminants into the periapical tissues is important in endodontic surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the marginal adaptation of three root-end filling materials (white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), grey MTA and Portland cement), using scanning electron microscopy. Seventy-five single-rooted extracted human teeth were used. The canals were instrumented and filled with gutta-percha. Following root-end resection and cavity preparation, root-end cavities were filled with white MTA, grey MTA or Portland cement. Using a diamond saw, roots were longitudinally sectioned into two halves. Under scanning electron microscopy, the gaps between the material and dentinal wall were measured. The data were analysed using Kruskal-Wallis test. The mean of the gap in grey MTA, white MTA and Portland cement was 211.6, 349 and 326.3 microm, respectively. The results indicate that the gap between grey MTA and the dentinal wall is less than other materials, but there was no significant difference between the materials tested in this study (P > 0.05).

  7. Dietary pterostilbene is a novel MTA1-targeted chemopreventive and therapeutic agent in prostate cancer

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Liangfen; Rimando, Agnes M.; Lage, Janice M.; Lewin, Jack R.; Atfi, Azeddine; Zhang, Xu; Levenson, Anait S.

    2016-01-01

    Overexpression of the epigenetic modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) is associated with aggressive human prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine MTA1- targeted chemopreventive and therapeutic efficacy of pterostilbene, a natural potent analog of resveratrol, in pre-clinical models of prostate cancer. Here, we show that high levels of MTA1 expression in Pten-loss prostate cooperate with key oncogenes, including c-Myc and Akt among others, to promote prostate cancer progression. Loss-of-function studies using human prostate cancer cells indicated direct involvement of MTA1 in inducing inflammation and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Importantly, pharmacological inhibition of MTA1 by pterostilbene resulted in decreased proliferation and angiogenesis and increased apoptosis. This restrained prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) formation in prostate-specific Pten heterozygous mice and reduced tumor development and progression in prostate-specific Pten-null mice. Our findings highlight MTA1 as a key upstream regulator of prostate tumorigenesis and cancer progression. More significantly, it offers pre-clinical proof for pterostilbene as a promising lead natural agent for MTA1-targeted chemopreventive and therapeutic strategy to curb prostate cancer. PMID:26943043

  8. Confidentiality governing surgical research practice.

    PubMed

    Mavroforou, Anna; Giannoukas, Athanasios D; Mavrophoros, Dimitrios; Michalodimitrakis, Emmanuel

    2005-02-01

    Healthy subjects or patients volunteering to participate in trials expect that their privacy and autonomy will be protected. The aim of this article is to highlight issues related to confidentiality governing surgical research practice. A search of the current relevant literature was undertaken. Consent to the disclosure of any information should be sought wherever practicable, but disclosures should be kept to the minimum necessary. The data should be made anonymous where unidentifiable data serve the purpose. Where the previously described actions are not practicable for various reasons, data may be disclosed for research, provided participants have been given information about access to their records and about their right to object. Personal information may only be disclosed without individual's consent when it is for the protection of the public interest, but this has proved too ambiguous a rubric to be useful without proper clarification. Hampering of noncommercial medical research should also be avoided, as it may cause serious damage to public health. Confidentiality in research is an important issue in the protection of the participants' rights to privacy and autonomy, and it should be considered in the design of each study. Breach of confidentiality is legally justifiable for the sake of the public interest, but proper clarification of the law is required in order to avoid hampering noncommercial medical research that is vital for the public health.

  9. Comparison of sealing ability of ProRoot MTA, RetroMTA, and Biodentine as furcation repair materials: An ultraviolet spectrophotometric analysis

    PubMed Central

    Sinkar, Roshan Chandrakant; Patil, Sanjay S; Jogad, Nitin P; Gade, Vandana J

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of ProRooT MTA, RetroMTA, and Biodentine as furcation repair materials using dye extraction leakage method. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the material used for perforation repair. Group I — ProRoot MTA (10 samples), Group II — RetroMTA (10 samples), Group III — Biodentine (10 samples), and Group IV (Control) — left unrepaired (5 samples). All samples were subjected to orthograde and retrograde Methylene blue dye challenge followed by dye extraction with concentration 65% nitric acid. Samples were then analyzed using ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer using 550 nm wave lengths. Statistical Analysis: One-way analysis of variance, Tukey-Kramer multiple comparisons test. Results: Biodentine showed least dye absorbance while RetroMTA showed highest dye absorbance values when compared with other repair materials. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was observed that Biodentine showed better sealing ability when compared with other root repair materials. PMID:26752836

  10. Comparative evaluation of antimicrobial action of MTA, calcium hydroxide and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, Caroline Sousa; Kuteken, Fernanda Akemi; Hirata Júnior, Raphael; Scelza, Miriam F Zaccaro

    2006-10-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial effect of MTA Dentsply, MTA Angelus, Calcium Hydroxide and Portland cement. Four reference bacterial strains were used: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacteroides fragilis, and Enterococcus faecalis. Plates containing Mueller-Hinton agar supplemented with 5% sheep blood, hemin, and menadione were inoculated with the bacterial suspensions. Subsequently, wells were prepared and immediately filled with materials and incubated at 37 degrees C for 48 hours under anaerobic conditions, except P. aeruginosa. The diameters of inhibition zones were measured, and data analyzed using ANOVA and the Tukey test with 1% level of significance. MTA Dentsply, MTA Angelus and Portland cement inhibited the growth of P. aeruginosa. Calcium Hydroxide was effective against P. aeruginosa and B. fragillis. Under anaerobic conditions, which may hamper the formation of reactive oxygen species, the materials failed to inhibit E. faecalis, and E. coli.

  11. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  12. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  13. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  14. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  15. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  16. Superintendent Searches: Public or Confidential? Why Confidentiality Contributes to Quality Searches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attea, William J.

    2010-01-01

    When a highly qualified candidate learns the search will be conducted confidentially, a positive response is almost certain, in the author's experience running superintendent searches since 1988. Just as likely, the prospective candidate responds negatively to being told the search process will not be confidential. Confidentiality is the item of…

  17. Long-Term Cytotoxicity, pH and Dissolution Rate of AH Plus and MTA Fillapex.

    PubMed

    Silva, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da; Accorsi-Mendonça, Thais; Pedrosa, Ana Carolina; Granjeiro, José Mauro; Zaia, Alexandre A

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to verify the long-term cytotoxic effects of the MTA Fillapex and to compare them with AH Plus. Dissolution rate and pH were also evaluated. Human osteoblast cells were incubated with elutes of fresh specimens from AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, and with elutes of the same specimens for 4 successive weeks. Elute's pH was evaluated at each time point. A multiparametric cell viability assay was performed. For dissolution rate, ISO methodology was used. The results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, complemented with the Tukey post-test (p<0.05). No significant difference was found among the materials when fresh mixed (p>0.05). After 1 week, AH Plus became non-cytotoxic on all three evaluated parameters. Conversely, MTA Fillapex remained severely and mildly cytotoxic over the entire experimental period (p<0.05). The dissolution rate of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at all time points (p>0.05). The pH of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at the second and third week (p<0.05). In the other tested time points no statistical difference was observed. In conclusion, MTA Fillapex remained cytotoxic after 4 weeks and its cytotoxicity may be related to the high dissolution rate of this material. PMID:27652704

  18. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  19. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  20. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  1. 37 CFR 380.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 380... information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account and any information contained therein, including the amount of royalty payments,...

  2. 7 CFR 900.352 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 900.352 Section 900.352... Determining the Qualification of Cooperative Milk Marketing Associations § 900.352 Confidential information. The documents and other information submitted by an applicant association and otherwise obtained...

  3. 7 CFR 996.72 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 996.72 Section 996.72... Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers and importers to USDA which include data or information constituting a trade secret or disclosing a trade position,...

  4. 7 CFR 989.75 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 989.75 Section 989.75... GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Reports and Records § 989.75 Confidential information. All... to no person, except the Secretary upon request therefor, data or information obtained or...

  5. 7 CFR 993.71 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 993.71 Section 993.71... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Reports and Books and Other Records § 993.71 Confidential information... information constituting a trade secret or disclosing of the trade position, financial condition, or...

  6. 7 CFR 985.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 985.63 Section 985.63... Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to, or obtained by the employees of the Committee, which contain data or information constituting a trade secret or disclosing...

  7. 7 CFR 28.960 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 28.960 Section 28.960 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Tests § 28.960 Confidential information. No information concerning individual tests under...

  8. 7 CFR 930.73 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 930.73 Section 930.73... Handling Reports and Records § 930.73 Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to the Board and its authorized agents which include data or information...

  9. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63... Regulating Handling Reports and Records § 932.63 Confidential information. All reports and information... any person, other than the Secretary upon request therefor, data, or information obtained or...

  10. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79... Regulating Handling Reports, Books, and Other Records § 984.79 Confidential information. All reports and records submitted by handlers to the Board, which include data or information constituting a trade...

  11. 37 CFR 262.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 262... information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any information contained therein, including the amount of royalty payments, and...

  12. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Records and Reports § 982.70 Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to the Board, which include data or information constituting...

  13. 7 CFR 926.19 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 926.19 Section 926.19... Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted pursuant to this part which include data or information constituting a trade secret or disclosing the trade position or financial...

  14. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65... Confidential information. All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to the committee and its authorized agents which include data or information constituting a trade secret or disclosing the...

  15. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be acknowledged... facility if the facility is not publicy identified as only an alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment...

  16. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  17. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  18. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  19. 40 CFR 1033.915 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., stamping, or some other method. (b) We will store your confidential information as described in 40 CFR part... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 1033.915... CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Definitions and Other Reference Information §...

  20. 40 CFR 1042.915 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... your confidential information as described in 40 CFR part 2. Also, we will disclose it only as specified in 40 CFR part 2. This applies both to any information you send us and to any information we... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information....

  1. 40 CFR 57.606 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... section 114 of the Act and 40 CFR part 2 shall govern the confidentiality of any data or information... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 57.606 Section 57.606 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED)...

  2. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  3. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information collected pursuant to the Act will be kept in...

  4. 28 CFR 0.29f - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 0.29f Section 0.29f Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29f Confidentiality. The Inspector General shall not, during the pendency of...

  5. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information...

  6. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information...

  7. 34 CFR 300.610 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... GEPA, to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of any personally identifiable data, information... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Confidentiality. 300.610 Section 300.610 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION...

  8. 34 CFR 300.610 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... GEPA, to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of any personally identifiable data, information... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 300.610 Section 300.610 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION...

  9. 10 CFR 431.407 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 431.407 Section 431.407 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT General Provisions § 431.407 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11,...

  10. 14 CFR 413.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... treatment is requested. (c) If a person requests that previously submitted information or data be treated... financial data be treated as confidential. The request must be made at the time the information or data is submitted, and state the period of time for which confidential treatment is desired. (b) Information or...

  11. 14 CFR 413.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... treatment is requested. (c) If a person requests that previously submitted information or data be treated... financial data be treated as confidential. The request must be made at the time the information or data is submitted, and state the period of time for which confidential treatment is desired. (b) Information or...

  12. 14 CFR 413.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... treatment is requested. (c) If a person requests that previously submitted information or data be treated... financial data be treated as confidential. The request must be made at the time the information or data is submitted, and state the period of time for which confidential treatment is desired. (b) Information or...

  13. 14 CFR 413.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... treatment is requested. (c) If a person requests that previously submitted information or data be treated... financial data be treated as confidential. The request must be made at the time the information or data is submitted, and state the period of time for which confidential treatment is desired. (b) Information or...

  14. 14 CFR 413.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... treatment is requested. (c) If a person requests that previously submitted information or data be treated... financial data be treated as confidential. The request must be made at the time the information or data is submitted, and state the period of time for which confidential treatment is desired. (b) Information or...

  15. 40 CFR 710.38 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 710.38 Section 710.38 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT TSCA... may assert a claim of confidentiality for the chemical identity of a specific chemical substance...

  16. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Confidentiality. 790.7 Section 790.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED... circling or otherwise marking the specific information claimed as confidential and designating it with...

  17. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  18. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be acknowledged... facility if the facility is not publicy identified as only an alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment...

  19. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be acknowledged... facility if the facility is not publicy identified as only an alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment...

  20. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be acknowledged... facility if the facility is not publicy identified as only an alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment...

  1. Data protection rights and preserving confidentiality.

    PubMed

    Dimond, Bridgit

    The last two articles considered the right of others under Data Protection legislation to access a patient's records and the right to access medical reports for employment or insurance purposes. This article considers the duty of confidentiality and the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1998, which protect the confidentiality of health records.

  2. 31 CFR 9.6 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... information obtained from a person and privileged, within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 552 and 31 CFR part 1, will be accorded confidential treatment. All information submitted in confidence must be on separate pages... ON THE NATIONAL SECURITY § 9.6 Confidential information. Information submitted in confidence...

  3. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  4. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  5. 7 CFR 1215.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1215.62 Section 1215.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Records § 1215.62 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from books, records, or...

  6. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  7. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  8. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  9. 7 CFR 1212.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1212.72 Section 1212.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  10. 7 CFR 1209.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1209.62 Section 1209.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books and Records § 1209.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  11. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  12. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  13. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  14. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  15. 7 CFR 1160.403 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1160.403 Section 1160.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1160.403 Confidential treatment. (a) All persons, including...

  16. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  17. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  18. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  19. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  20. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  1. 7 CFR 1220.243 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1220.243 Section 1220.243 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, financial or commercial information that...

  2. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  3. 7 CFR 1208.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1208.62 Section 1208.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books, and Records § 1208.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  4. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  5. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  6. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  7. 7 CFR 1215.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1215.62 Section 1215.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Records § 1215.62 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from books, records, or...

  8. 7 CFR 1214.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1214.72 Section 1214.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., and Records § 1214.72 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or...

  9. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  10. 7 CFR 1209.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1209.62 Section 1209.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books and Records § 1209.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  11. 7 CFR 1220.243 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1220.243 Section 1220.243 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, financial or commercial information that...

  12. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  13. 7 CFR 1220.243 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1220.243 Section 1220.243 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, financial or commercial information that...

  14. 7 CFR 1212.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1212.72 Section 1212.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  15. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  16. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  17. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  18. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  19. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  20. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  1. 7 CFR 1217.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1217.72 Section 1217.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Education, and Industry Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1217.72 Confidential treatment....

  2. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  3. 7 CFR 1209.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1209.62 Section 1209.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books and Records § 1209.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  4. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  5. 7 CFR 1217.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1217.72 Section 1217.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Education, and Industry Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1217.72 Confidential treatment....

  6. 7 CFR 1208.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1208.62 Section 1208.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books, and Records § 1208.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  7. 7 CFR 1212.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1212.72 Section 1212.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  8. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  9. 7 CFR 1220.243 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1220.243 Section 1220.243 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, financial or commercial information that...

  10. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  11. 7 CFR 1214.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1214.72 Section 1214.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., and Records § 1214.72 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or...

  12. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  13. 7 CFR 1215.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1215.62 Section 1215.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Records § 1215.62 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from books, records, or...

  14. 7 CFR 1212.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1212.72 Section 1212.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  15. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  16. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  17. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  18. 7 CFR 1216.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1216.62 Section 1216.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act, this...

  19. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  20. 7 CFR 1160.403 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1160.403 Section 1160.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1160.403 Confidential treatment. (a) All persons, including...

  1. 7 CFR 1160.403 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1160.403 Section 1160.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1160.403 Confidential treatment. (a) All persons, including...

  2. 7 CFR 1209.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1209.62 Section 1209.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books and Records § 1209.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  3. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  4. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  5. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  6. 7 CFR 1220.243 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1220.243 Section 1220.243 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, financial or commercial information that...

  7. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  8. 7 CFR 1209.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1209.62 Section 1209.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Books and Records § 1209.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records,...

  9. 7 CFR 1216.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1216.62 Section 1216.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act, this...

  10. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  11. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  12. 7 CFR 1217.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1217.72 Section 1217.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Education, and Industry Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1217.72 Confidential treatment....

  13. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  14. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  15. 7 CFR 1160.403 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1160.403 Section 1160.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1160.403 Confidential treatment. (a) All persons, including...

  16. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  17. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  18. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  19. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  20. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  1. 7 CFR 1212.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1212.72 Section 1212.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  2. 7 CFR 1215.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1215.62 Section 1215.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Records § 1215.62 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from books, records, or...

  3. 7 CFR 1216.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1216.62 Section 1216.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act, this...

  4. 7 CFR 1214.72 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1214.72 Section 1214.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., and Records § 1214.72 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or...

  5. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  6. 7 CFR 1215.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1215.62 Section 1215.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Records § 1215.62 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from books, records, or...

  7. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  8. 7 CFR 1160.403 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1160.403 Section 1160.403 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1160.403 Confidential treatment. (a) All persons, including...

  9. 10 CFR 431.407 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT General Provisions § 431.407 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11, any... confidential has been deleted. In accordance with the procedures established at 10 CFR 1004.11, the...

  10. 10 CFR 430.75 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Certification and Enforcement § 430.75 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11, any person submitting information or data which the person believes to be confidential and exempt law from public disclosure...

  11. Management of Root Perforations Using MTA with or without Er:YAG Laser Irradiation: An In Vitro Study

    PubMed Central

    Tielemans, M.; Saloukas, I.; Heysselaer, D.; Compere, Ph.; Nyssen-Behets, C.; Nammour, S.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the microleakage of a root perforation sealed with MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) (group M) to that sealed with MTA following Er:YAG laser irradiation (group ML). Forty-two recently extracted human monoroot teeth were used. Two cavities were prepared on each root surface. Randomly, on each root, the exposed dentine of one cavity was irradiated prior to MTA filling using an Er:YAG laser with the following settings: 200 mJ/pulses under an air water spray, 10 Hz, pulse duration of 50 μsec, and 0.7 mm beam diameter. All cavities were then sealed with MTA. submitted to thermocycling and immersed in 2% methylene blue dye solution for 12 h. The penetration of methylene blue in the microleakage of cavity was observed and recorded. The mean value dye penetration in cavities sealed with MTA following Er:YAG laser irradiation (23.91 ± 14.63%) was lower than that of unlased cavities sealed only with MTA (25.17 ± 17.53%). No significant difference was noted. The use of an Er:YAG laser beam for dentinal conditioning prior to MTA filling of perforated roots did not decrease significantly the microleakage of MTA sealing when compared to the conventional use of MTA filling. PMID:22888350

  12. Interaction of dental pulp stem cells with Biodentine and MTA after exposure to different environments

    PubMed Central

    Agrafioti, Anastasia; Taraslia, Vasiliki; Chrepa, Vanessa; Lymperi, Stefania; Panopoulos, Panos; Anastasiadou, Ema; Kontakiotis, Evangelos G.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic effects of Biodentine and MTA on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and to assess cell viability and adherence after material exposure to an acidic environment. Material and Methods: DPSCs were cultured either alone or in contact with either: Biodentine; MTA set for 1 hour; or MTA set for 24 hours. After 4 and 7 days, cell viability was measured using the MTT assay. Biodentine and MTA were also prepared and packed into standardized bovine dentin disks and divided into three groups according to the storage media (n=6/group): freshly mixed materials without storage medium (Group A); materials stored in saline (Group B); materials stored in citric acid buffered at pH 5.4 (Group C). After 24 hours, DPSCs were introduced in the wells and cell adherence, viability, and cellular morphology were observed via confocal microscopy after three days of culture. Cell viability was analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance test with Tukey's post hoc tests (α=0.05). Results: Biodentine expressed significantly higher cell viability compared with all other groups after 4 days, with no differences after 7 days. Notably, cell viability was significantly greater in 24-hour set MTA compared with 1-hour set MTA and control groups after 7 days. Material exposure to an acidic environment showed an increase in cell adherence and viability in both groups. Conclusions: Biodentine induced a significantly accelerated cell proliferation compared with MTA. Setting of these materials in the presence of citric acid enhanced DPSC viability and adherence.

  13. 7 CFR 981.75 - Confidential nature of records and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential nature of records and reports. 981.75 Section 981.75 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  14. 7 CFR 981.75 - Confidential nature of records and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential nature of records and reports. 981.75 Section 981.75 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  15. 7 CFR 981.75 - Confidential nature of records and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential nature of records and reports. 981.75 Section 981.75 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  16. 7 CFR 981.75 - Confidential nature of records and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential nature of records and reports. 981.75 Section 981.75 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  17. MTA apical barrier: In vitro study of the use of ultrasonic vibration

    PubMed Central

    Escribano-Escrivá, Begona; Manzano-Saiz, Alberto; Giner-Lluesma, Teresa; Collado-Castellanos, Nicolás; Muwaquet-Rodríguez, Susana

    2016-01-01

    Background The apexification is the first alternative treatment on a permanent tooth when, after a tooth trauma and in the presence of immature apex trauma, pulp necrosis occurs. Many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as apical sealing material of choice in these cases, but has a degree of filtration as all other materials. The objective of this study was to analyze the seal ability of MTA on the duct walls in immature teeth unirradicular apexes, using indirect vibration. Material and Methods The study was conducted on 45 teeth divided into 3 groups: Group A or control group in which no vibration for placing the MTA was used, Group B and C or groups where indirect vibration analysis was used. All samples were immersed in methylene blue to assess filtration. After performing longitudinal cuts millimetric measuring were made of the degree of filtration, divided into 3 degrees (2mm each grade filtration). Results Results obtained confirm our hypothesis, obtaining lesser degree of filtration those groups in which indirect vibration (Groups B and C) was performed. It was shown that the degree of filtration is closely linked to the degree of adaptation. Conclusions MTA vibration offers better results in its adaptation to the canal walls, significantly reducing the degree of filtration. Key words:Apexification, MTA, filtration, indirect vibration. PMID:27398184

  18. Comparative Analysis of Selected Physicochemical Properties of Pozzolan Portland and MTA-Based Cements

    PubMed Central

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Semenoff-Segundo, Alex; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    Physicochemical properties of pozzolan Portland cement were compared to ProRoot MTA and MTA BIO. To test the pH, the samples were immersed in distilled water for different periods of time. After the pH analysis, the sample was retained in the plastic recipient, and the electrical conductivity of the solution was measured. The solubility and radiopacity properties were evaluated according to specification 57 of the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA). The statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and Tukey's test at a 5% level of significance. Pozzolan Portland cement exhibited pH and electrical conductivity mean values similar to those of the MTA-based cements. The solubilities of all tested materials were in accordance with the ANSI/ADA standards. Only the MTA-based cements met the ANSI/ADA recommendations for radiopacity. It might be concluded that the pH and electrical conductivity of pozzolan Portland cement are similar to and comparable to those of MTA-based cements. PMID:27437473

  19. Comparative Analysis of Selected Physicochemical Properties of Pozzolan Portland and MTA-Based Cements.

    PubMed

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Semenoff-Segundo, Alex; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    Physicochemical properties of pozzolan Portland cement were compared to ProRoot MTA and MTA BIO. To test the pH, the samples were immersed in distilled water for different periods of time. After the pH analysis, the sample was retained in the plastic recipient, and the electrical conductivity of the solution was measured. The solubility and radiopacity properties were evaluated according to specification 57 of the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA). The statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and Tukey's test at a 5% level of significance. Pozzolan Portland cement exhibited pH and electrical conductivity mean values similar to those of the MTA-based cements. The solubilities of all tested materials were in accordance with the ANSI/ADA standards. Only the MTA-based cements met the ANSI/ADA recommendations for radiopacity. It might be concluded that the pH and electrical conductivity of pozzolan Portland cement are similar to and comparable to those of MTA-based cements.

  20. Comparison of Marginal Adaptation of MTA and CEM Cement Apical Plugs in Three Different Media

    PubMed Central

    Ayatollahi, Fatemeh; Tabrizizadeh, Mahdi; Zare Bidoki, Fatemeh; Ayatollahi, Reza; Hazeri Baqdad Abad, Milad

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the marginal adaptation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium-enriched mixture(CEM) cement apical plugs in open apex teeth in dry, blood- and saliva-contaminated canals. Methods and Materials: A total of 120 human extracted single-rooted teeth were used. The teeth were decoronated and canals were cleaned and shaped up to #80 K-Files. After simulating open apex condition, samples were randomly divided into two groups (Group 1: MTA plug and group 2 CEM cement plug) and each group was then further divided into 3 subgroups (dry canal, blood- and saliva-contaminated canals). MTA and CEM cement apical plugs were placed into the canal. After full setting of apical plug, immediate marginal adaptation of the samples was assessed by electronic microscope. The data were analyzed using the two-way analysis of variance. Results: There was no statistically difference between the average marginal gap in MTA and CEM cement groups in three different conditions. The average gap in dry canal was significantly lower than canal contaminated with blood and saliva. Conclusion: It seems that marginal adaptations of MTA and CEM apical plug was not significantly different in various conditions and the two materials can be used successfully in this method.

  1. Confidentiality: a survey in a research hospital.

    PubMed

    Grady, C; Jacob, J; Romano, C

    1991-01-01

    Despite the many justifications for protecting patient confidentiality, we recognize that confidentiality cannot be absolute. Our world of automated information and easy access and storage poses many threats to confidentiality. This paper has described a survey conducted at the NIH Clinical Center to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of clinical physicians and nurses about confidentiality of patient information. The survey findings demonstrate the need for reminders and increased awareness about confidentiality in our setting. Most of the survey respondents had a good knowledge of what was expected of them, and they believed that confidentiality was important and maintaining it was their responsibility. Of interest was that in several simulated clinical situations, there was a discrepancy between what respondents indicated they should do and what they thought they would do. The biggest discrepancies appeared in situations that involved overhearing a patient conversation on the elevator, approaching an unfamiliar person who is reading a medical record in the nurses' station, and answering a patient's inquiry about the status of another patient. The findings support the speculation that this difference may be attributed to discomfort or decreased awareness, and not necessarily to lack of knowledge. Results indicate that policies and administrative expectations should be frequently communicated and enforced, and that educational programs that address issues of confidentiality should be provided. The results of this survey have been influential in guiding educational strategies and administrative activities at the clinical center. The clinical center initiated a confidentiality awareness campaign, displaying a new poster every three months in strategic locations and distributing other tangible reminders (such as pens, magnets, and buttons) containing the same confidentiality message.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  2. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  3. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  4. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6 Section... Miscellaneous § 201.6 Confidential business information. (a) Definitions—(1) Confidential business information... “confidential business information” includes “proprietary information” within the meaning of section 777(b)...

  5. 29 CFR 90.33 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... are privileged or confidential, as set forth in 5 U.S.C. 552(b) and 29 CFR part 70. (b) Identification... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Confidential business information. 90.33 Section 90.33 Labor... General Provisions § 90.33 Confidential business information. (a) Definition. Confidential...

  6. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6 Section... Miscellaneous § 201.6 Confidential business information. (a) Definitions. (1) Confidential business information... “confidential business information” includes “proprietary information” within the meaning of section 777(b)...

  7. 46 CFR 221.79 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Request for confidential treatment. 221.79 Section 221... INTERESTS Civil Penalties § 221.79 Request for confidential treatment. (a) In addition to information treated as confidential under § 221.77 of this subpart, a request for confidential treatment of a...

  8. 49 CFR 209.11 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Request for confidential treatment. 209.11 Section... confidential treatment. (a) This section governs the procedures for requesting confidential treatment of any... confidential treatment with respect to a document or portion thereof may be made on the basis that...

  9. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information required... confidentiality made by the submitter. The provisions for treatment of confidential information described in §...

  10. 49 CFR 209.11 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Request for confidential treatment. 209.11 Section... confidential treatment. (a) This section governs the procedures for requesting confidential treatment of any... confidential treatment with respect to a document or portion thereof may be made on the basis that...

  11. Sealing ability of MTA and radiopaque Portland cement with or without calcium chloride for root-end filling.

    PubMed

    Bortoluzzi, Eduardo Antunes; Broon, Norberto Juárez; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro; Garcia, Roberto Brandão; de Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes; Bernardineli, Norberti

    2006-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of calcium chloride (CaCl(2)) on the sealing ability of three Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) cements, ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus, and radiopaque White Portland cement (WPC), for retrograde root filling. Seventy roots of extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented and obturated. After sectioning the samples at 2 mm from the apex, they received one layer of Araldite and two coats of nail enamel, except for the apical dentinal surface submitted to apicectomy. Standardized retrograde cavities were prepared, filled with one of the materials, and immersed in 0.2% Rhodamine B solution for 72 hours. Dye leakage was analyzed on a light microscope with ocular micrometer. Kruskal-Wallis and Miller tests were used to compare groups arranged in increasing order of leakage, according to mean rank of scores: WPC+CaCl(2), MTA-Angelus+CaCl(2), ProRoot MTA+CaCl(2), MTA-Angelus, ProRoot MTA, and WPC. CaCl(2) improved the sealing ability of all three MTA cements.

  12. Physicochemical properties and surfaces morphologies evaluation of MTA FillApex and AH plus.

    PubMed

    Borges, Álvaro Henrique; Orçati Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales; Dalla Villa, Ricardo; Borba, Alexandre Meireles; Semenoff, Tereza Aparecida Delle Vedove; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Estrela, Cyntia Rodrigues Araújo; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho

    2014-01-01

    The solubility, pH, electrical conductivity, and radiopacity of AH Plus and MTA FillApex were evaluated. In addition, the surfaces morphologies of the sealers were analyzed by using scanning electron microscopy. For pH test, the samples were immersed in distilled water at different periods of time. The same solution was used for electrical conductivity measurement. The solubility and radiopacity were evaluated according to ANSI/ADA. Statistical analyses were carried out at 5% level of significance. MTA FillApex presented higher mean value for solubility and electrical conductivity. No significant difference was observed in the mean values for pH reading. AH Plus presented higher radiopacity mean values. MTA FillApex presented an external surface with porosities and a wide range of sizes. In conclusion, the materials fulfill the ANSI/ADA requirements when considering the radiopacity and solubility. AH Plus revealed a compact and homogeneous surface with more regular aspects and equal particle sizes.

  13. Use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA by postgraduates in restorative dentistry in the UK.

    PubMed

    Foley, J I

    2011-12-01

    All postgraduate trainees in Restorative Dentistry within the United Kingdom were contacted by e-mail and invited toparticipate in a structured on-line questionnaire regarding MTA usage. Responses were received from 46/65 (70.8%) postgraduate trainees. MTA was used by 15/46 (32.6%) trainees in the primary dentition and 46/46 (100%) in the permanent dentition. Barriers to the use of MTA in the permanent dentition related to material cost and in the primary dentition, the lack of an evidence base. Overall, 32/46 (69.6%) had received tuition during their postgraduate programme and 21/46 (45.7%) indicated an interest in further educational opportunities in material use.

  14. Cytotoxic effects of new MTA-based cement formulations on fibroblast-like MDPL-20 cells.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Santos, Alailson Domingos dos; Moraes, João Carlos Silos; Costa, Carlos Alberto de Souza

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed at evaluating the cytotoxic effects of a novel cement called CER on periodontal fibroblast-like cells of mice (MDPL-20), in comparison with different formulations of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), by means of the cell viability test (MTT) and cell morphology analysis. Thirty-two round-shaped samples were fabricated with the following cements: white MTA, white and gray CER and experimental white MTA. The samples were immersed in serum-free culture medium for 24 hours or 7 days (n = 16). The extracts (culture medium + components released from the cements) were applied for 24 hours to previously cultured cells (40.000 cells/cm2) in the wells of 24-well plates. Cells seeded in complete culture medium were used as a negative control. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay. Two samples of each cement were used for cell morphology analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The extracts obtained at the 7-day period presented higher cytotoxicity compared with the 24-hour period (p < 0.05). The gray CER obtained at 24 hours presented the highest cytotoxic effect, whereas the experimental white MTA presented the lowest, similar to the control (p > 0.05). However, at the 7-day period, the experimental white MTA presented no significant difference in comparison with the other cements (p > 0.05). At the 7-day period, CER cement presented cytotoxic effects on fibroblast-like cells, similar to different MTA formulations. However, the immersion period in the culture medium influenced the cytotoxicity of the cements, which was greater for CER cement at 24 hours.

  15. A simplified technique of orthograde MTA obturation on the elected canals of posterior teeth: Two case reports.

    PubMed

    Wahengbam, Brucelee; Wahengbam, Pragya; Tikku, Aseem Prakash

    2014-01-01

    This article suggests a simplified technique of orthograde MTA obturation in less accessible canal(s) of posteriors teeth without using costly ultrasonics or specialised carrier. Essentially few finger pluggers, absorbent points and a simple canal projection method were used. The orifice(s) of the elected canal(s) to be obturated with MTA were projected onto the external occlusal surface for easy delivery and predictive instrumentation. The idea was based on 'easy access', 'working one canal with one mix at one time', 'thorough condensation' and 'removal of excess moisture'. In case I, palatal canal of tooth no. 2 with gross apical perforation and suspected VRF was obturated with MTA. And in Case II, tooth no. 19 presented with incomplete furcal fracture extending into the canal was obturated with MTA in all 3 canals unitarily. Dense homogenous MTA obturation was achieved and both cases healed uneventfully. PMID:24554868

  16. Biosafety data as confidential business information.

    PubMed

    Nielsen, Kaare M

    2013-01-01

    Removal of confidentiality claims on biosafety data is necessary to adhere to standard scientific procedures of quality assurance, to increase transparency, to minimize impacts of conflicts of interests, and ultimately to improve public confidence in GMOs. PMID:23472051

  17. Medical confidentiality and the competent patient.

    PubMed

    Niveau, Gerard; Burkhardt, Sandra; Chiesa, Sarah

    2013-11-01

    Confidentiality is both a fundamental principle of medical ethics and a legal obligation. In exceptional situations not covered by legal provisions, doctors may want to waive confidentiality against the wishes of the patient. Swiss law calls for an authority to rule on such cases. In the Canton of Geneva this authority is the Commission for Professional Confidentiality. This paper concerns 41 cases managed by this commission. The study shows that the majority of these requests to the Commission concern the reporting of patients who are not incompetent but need the protection of a legal guardianship. In rare cases, there is another interest higher than confidentiality: public order or functioning of justice. The Commission found that the measure requested was justified in the majority of cases brought before it. This study focuses on exceptional cases but it throws into relief the conflict between the principle of autonomy on the one hand and the need for patient protection and social justice on the other.

  18. 15 CFR 705.6 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS EFFECT OF IMPORTED ARTICLES ON THE NATIONAL SECURITY § 705.6 Confidential information. (a) Any... the investigation that would disclose national security classified information or...

  19. 7 CFR 1160.608 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Referenda in Connection with a Fluid Milk Promotion Order § 1160.608 Confidential information. The ballots... furnished to, compiled by, or in the possession of the referendum agent, except the list of eligible...

  20. 7 CFR 1160.608 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Referenda in Connection with a Fluid Milk Promotion Order § 1160.608 Confidential information. The ballots... furnished to, compiled by, or in the possession of the referendum agent, except the list of eligible...

  1. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROMOTION PLAN Referendum Procedures § 1210.607 Confidential information. All ballots cast and their... referendum agent or subagents that reveal, or tend to reveal, the identity or vote of any producer,...

  2. 7 CFR 1250.207 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Referendum Procedures § 1250.207 Confidential information. The ballots cast or the manner in which any person voted and all information furnished to, compiled by, or in the possession of the referendum agent...

  3. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROMOTION PLAN Referendum Procedures § 1210.607 Confidential information. All ballots cast and their... referendum agent or subagents that reveal, or tend to reveal, the identity or vote of any producer,...

  4. Privacy and confidentiality in clinical research.

    PubMed

    Holder, A R

    1990-01-01

    The information contained in clinical research records is often highly sensitive and personal. This article describes some of the issues that can arise with respect to preserving the confidentiality of these records.

  5. 7 CFR 1425.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COOPERATIVE MARKETING ASSOCIATIONS § 1425.5 Confidentiality... officers, agents, and employees of CCC and the Department of Agriculture except as required to be...

  6. 7 CFR 28.960 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Fiber and Processing Tests Fiber and Processing Tests § 28.960 Confidential information. No information concerning individual tests under...

  7. 7 CFR 28.960 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Fiber and Processing Tests Fiber and Processing Tests § 28.960 Confidential information. No information concerning individual tests under...

  8. 15 CFR 806.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.5 Confidentiality. Information... publish or make available to any other person any information collected under the Act in such a...

  9. Healing of root perforations treated with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Juárez Broon, Norberto; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro; de Assis, Gerson Francisco; Bortoluzzi, Eduardo Antunes; Bernardineli, Norberti; de Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes; Garcia, Roberto Brandão

    2006-10-01

    Fourteen root perforations were performed for microscopic evaluation of the repair of interradicular tissue in dogs' teeth. These perforations were accomplished at low-speed with a STP 58 bur at the cervical third of the mesial root toward the furcation under irrigation with saline solution, followed by immediate sealing with ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus and white Portland cement. The dogs were killed after 90 days, revealing good results. The Kruskal-Wallis test did not demonstrate any statistically significant difference. It was concluded that the three materials showed good sealing in mineralized tissue, with complete closure, and they were free of inflammation in most teeth.

  10. HEALING OF ROOT PERFORATIONS TREATED WITH MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE (MTA) AND PORTLAND CEMENT

    PubMed Central

    Broon, Norberto Juárez; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro; de Assis, Gerson Francisco; Bortoluzzi, Eduardo Antunes; Bernardineli, Norberti; de Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes; Garcia, Roberto Brandão

    2006-01-01

    Fourteen root perforations were performed for microscopic evaluation of the repair of interradicular tissue in dogs' teeth. These perforations were accomplished at low-speed with a STP 58 bur at the cervical third of the mesial root toward the furcation under irrigation with saline solution, followed by immediate sealing with ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus and white Portland cement. The dogs were killed after 90 days, revealing good results. The Kruskal-Wallis test did not demonstrate any statistically significant difference. It was concluded that the three materials showed good sealing in mineralized tissue, with complete closure, and they were free of inflammation in most teeth. PMID:19089049

  11. The ability of Portland cement, MTA, and MTA Bio to prevent through-and-through fluid movement in repaired furcal perforations.

    PubMed

    De-Deus, Gustavo; Reis, Claudia; Brandão, Claudia; Fidel, Sandra; Fidel, Rivail Antonio Sergio

    2007-11-01

    This study assessed the ability of Portland cement, white Angelus-mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and MTA Bio to seal furcal perforations in extracted human molar teeth. Fifty-five human mandibular molar teeth were accessed, and the canal orifices were located. The roots were horizontally sectioned in the middle third. Resin composite was used to fill the root canal orifices and the apical end of the root. Perforations were created in the center of the pulp chamber floor by using a size 3 round bur. The teeth were divided into 3 groups (n = 15), and an additional 10 teeth served as controls. In G1, the perforation defects were repaired with MTA, whereas in G2 and G3, MTA Bio and Portland cement were used, respectively. Each tooth was assembled in a hermetic cell to allow the evaluation of fluid filtration. Leakage was measured by the movement of an air bubble traveling within a pipette connected to the teeth. Measurements of the air bubble movement were made after 10 minutes at a constant pressure of 20 cm H(2)O. Kruskal-Wallis H test was applied to the fluid flow data to detect differences between the experimental groups (P < .05). Leakage existed in every sample and was very variable in all the experimental groups, ranging from 0.098-0.51 microL/min. Kruskal-Wallis H-test results showed that there was no significant difference in mean fluid flow between the experimental groups (P = .874). The sealing ability promoted by the 3 cements was similar; no cement was able to produce a fluid-tight seal.

  12. [An 18 month evaluation of MM-MTA pulpotomy on primary decayed molars].

    PubMed

    Abou Chedid, J C; Mchayleh, N; Khalil, I; Melki, B; Hardan, L S

    2015-12-01

    Pulpotomy is the most performed and controversial therapeutic in pediatric dentistry. Formocresol is known to have a toxic effect on living tissues, a mutagenic and carcinogenic potential with a systemic uptake of formocresol via pulpotomized teeth, other alternative products have been investigated. 40 molars were pulpotomized using Micro Mega Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MM-MTA), which eliminates the need for the use of formocresol. The effects of this material were evaluated both clinically and radiographically. Post-operative control examinations were performed at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months trying to detect spontaneous or stimulated pain, pathological tooth mobility, abscesses or fistulas, internal or external pathological tooth resorption, periapical bone destruction, or canal obliteration. Pain was absent at 18 months post operatively. Thirty six molar treated with the MM-MTA didn't show any mobility or pain, one molar presented a pathological resorption and one molar presented an abscess without a fistula at 12 month. The observations were compared to others related to formocresol, ferric sulfate, MTA, and laser pulpotomies, using the Chi-square test x2. The abundance of positive result strongly demonstrate that the MM-MTA pulpotomy on carious temporary molars is a promising technique. PMID:26939217

  13. Analysis of metal contents in Portland Type V and MTA-based cements.

    PubMed

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Pedro, Fábio Luis Miranda; Volpato, Luiz Evaristo Ricci; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Dalla Villa, Ricardo; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine, by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS), the concentration levels of 11 metals in Type V gray and structural white PC, ProRoot MTA, and MTA Bio. Samples, containing one gram of each tested cement, were prepared and transferred to a 100 mL Teflon tube with a mixture of 7.0 mL of nitric acid and 21 mL of hydrochloric acid. After the reaction, the mixture was filtered and then volumed to 50 mL of distilled water. For each metal, specific patterns were determined from universal standards. Arsenic quantification was performed by hydride generator. The analysis was performed five times and the data were statistically analyzed at 5% level of significance. Only the cadmium presented concentration levels of values lower than the quantification limit of the device. The AAS analysis showed increased levels of calcium, nickel, and zinc in structural white PC. Type V PC presented the greatest concentration levels of arsenic, chromium, copper, iron, lead, and manganese (P < 0.05). Bismuth was found in all cements, and the lowest concentration levels were observed in Portland cements, while the highest were observed in ProRoot MTA. Both PC and MTA-based cements showed evidence of metals inclusion.

  14. In vitro antimicrobial activity of endodontic sealers, MTA-based cements and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Tanomaru-Filho, Mário; Tanomaru, Juliane M G; Barros, Danilo B; Watanabe, Evandro; Ito, Izabel Y

    2007-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of different root-end filling materials - Sealer 26, Sealapex with zinc oxide, zinc oxide and eugenol, white and gray Portland cement, white and gray MTA-Angelus, and gray Pro Root MTA - against six different microorganism strains. The agar diffusion method was used. A base layer was made using Müller-Hinton agar (MH) and wells were formed by removing the agar. The materials were placed in the wells immediately after manipulation. The microorganisms used were: Micrococcus luteus (ATCC9341), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC6538), Escherichia coli (ATCC10538), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC27853), Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), and Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 10541). The plates were kept at room temperature for 2 h for prediffusion and then incubated at 37 degrees C for 24 h. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride 0.05% gel was added for optimization, and the zones of inhibition were measured. Data were subjected to the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests at a 5% significance level. The results showed that all materials had antimicrobial activity against all the tested strains. Analysis of the efficacy of the materials against the microbial strains showed that Sealapex with zinc oxide, zinc oxide and eugenol and Sealer 26 created larger inhibition halos than the MTA-based and Portland cements (P < 0.05). On the basis of the methodology used, it may be concluded that all endodontic sealers, MTA-based and Portland cements evaluated in this study possess antimicrobial activity, particularly the endodontic sealers.

  15. Does MTA affect fiber post retention in repaired cervical root canal perforations?

    PubMed

    Pereira, Rodrigo Dantas; Brito-Júnior, Manoel; Faria-E-Silva, André Luis; Guimarães, Karine Rodrigues; Mendes, Laís de Oliveira; Soares, Carlos José; Sousa-Neto, Manoel Damião

    2016-06-14

    This study evaluated the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on the retention of fiber posts in repaired root canal perforations. Ten-millimeter post spaces were prepared in 60 endodontically treated bovine incisors. Root perforations were created in half of the root canals in the cervical area prior to being filled with white MTA-Angelus. Fiber posts were luted into the root canals with two self-adhesive (RelyX Unicem or Set) or self-etching (Panavia F) resin cements. The posts were submitted to a pull-out test, and the data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0.05). The fiber posts exhibited reduced retention in MTA-repaired root canal perforations, regardless of the type of resin cement that was used (p < 0.001). Self-adhesive resin cements provided higher bond strength values than Panavia F, while no difference was observed between RelyX Unicem and Set (p > 0.05). The presence of MTA in repaired root perforations negatively affected post retention. In addition, self-adhesive cements seemed to be the best option to lute fiber posts within a root canal in these cases.

  16. Secondary Evaluations of MTA 36-Month Outcomes: Propensity Score and Growth Mixture Model Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, James M.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Gibbons, Robert D.; Marcus, Sue; Hur, Kwan; Jensen, Peter S.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.: Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; March, John S.; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Hoza, Betsy; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate two hypotheses: that self-selection bias contributed to lack of medication advantage at the 36-month assessment of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA) and that overall improvement over time obscured treatment effects in subgroups with different outcome trajectories. Method: Propensity score analyses,…

  17. Solubility and bacterial sealing ability of MTA and root-end filling materials

    PubMed Central

    ESPIR, Camila Galletti; GUERREIRO-TANOMARU, Juliane Maria; SPIN-NETO, Rubens; CHÁVEZ-ANDRADE, Gisselle Moraima; BERBERT, Fabio Luiz Camargo Villela; TANOMARU-FILHO, Mario

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate solubility and sealing ability of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and root-end filling materials. Material and Methods The materials evaluated were: MTA, Calcium Silicate Cement with zirconium oxide (CSC/ZrO2), and zinc oxide/eugenol (ZOE). Solubility test was performed according to ANSI/ADA. The difference between initial and final mass of the materials was analyzed after immersion in distilled water for 7 and 30 days. Retrograde cavities in human teeth with single straight root canal were performed by using ultrasonic tip CVD 9.5107-8. The cavities were filled with the evaluated materials to evaluate sealing ability using the bacterial leakage test with Enterococcus faecalis. Bacterial leakage was evaluated every 24 hours for six weeks observing the turbidity of Brain Heart infusion (BHI) medium in contact with root apex. Data were submitted to ANOVA followed by Tukey tests (solubility), and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (sealing ability) at a 5% significance level. Results For the 7-day period, ZOE presented highest solubility when compared with the other groups (p<0.05). For the 30-day period, no difference was observed among the materials. Lower bacterial leakage was observed for MTA and CSC/ZrO2, and both presented better results than ZOE (p<0.05). Conclusion MTA and CSC/ZrO2 presented better bacterial sealing capacity, which may be related to lower initial solubility observed for these materials in relation to ZOE. PMID:27119759

  18. Analysis of Metal Contents in Portland Type V and MTA-Based Cements

    PubMed Central

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Pedro, Fábio Luis Miranda; Volpato, Luiz Evaristo Ricci; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine, by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS), the concentration levels of 11 metals in Type V gray and structural white PC, ProRoot MTA, and MTA Bio. Samples, containing one gram of each tested cement, were prepared and transferred to a 100 mL Teflon tube with a mixture of 7.0 mL of nitric acid and 21 mL of hydrochloric acid. After the reaction, the mixture was filtered and then volumed to 50 mL of distilled water. For each metal, specific patterns were determined from universal standards. Arsenic quantification was performed by hydride generator. The analysis was performed five times and the data were statistically analyzed at 5% level of significance. Only the cadmium presented concentration levels of values lower than the quantification limit of the device. The AAS analysis showed increased levels of calcium, nickel, and zinc in structural white PC. Type V PC presented the greatest concentration levels of arsenic, chromium, copper, iron, lead, and manganese (P < 0.05). Bismuth was found in all cements, and the lowest concentration levels were observed in Portland cements, while the highest were observed in ProRoot MTA. Both PC and MTA-based cements showed evidence of metals inclusion. PMID:25436238

  19. Parent-Reported Homework Problems in the MTA Study: Evidence for Sustained Improvement with Behavioral Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langberg, Joshua M.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Flowers, Amanda M.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Altaye, Mekibib; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Swanson, James M.; Kotkin, Ronald; Simpson, Stephen; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Jensen, Peter S.; Abikoff, Howard; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wells, Karen C.; Hechtman, Lily

    2010-01-01

    Parent-report of child homework problems was examined as a treatment outcome variable in the MTA-Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Five hundred seventy-nine children ages 7.0 to 9.9 were randomly assigned to either medication management, behavioral treatment, combination treatment, or…

  20. Push-out bond strength of MTA HP, a new high-plasticity calcium silicate-based cement.

    PubMed

    Silva, Emmanuel Jnl; Carvalho, Nancy Kudsi; Zanon, Mayara; Senna, Plínio Mendes; DE-Deus, Gustavo; Zuolo, Mário Luis; Zaia, Alexandre Augusto

    2016-06-14

    This study was designed to investigate the resistance to dislodgment provided by MTA HP, a new high-plasticity calcium silicate-based cement. Biodentine and White MTA Angelus were used as reference materials for comparison. Three discs 1 ± 0.1 mm thick were obtained from the middle third of the roots of 5 maxillary canines. Three 0.8-mm-wide holes were drilled on the axial surface of each root disc. Standardized irrigation was performed. Then the holes were dried with paper points and filled with one of the three tested cements. The filled dental slices were immersed in a phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution (pH 7.2) for 7 days before the push-out assessment. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to assess the effect of each endodontic cement on the push-out bond strength. Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction was used to isolate the differences. The alpha-type error was set at 0.05. All specimens had measurable push-out values and no premature failure occurred. There were significant differences among the materials (p <0.05). The Biodentine specimens had the highest push-out bond strength values (p < 0.05). MTA HP had significantly higher bond strength than White MTA (p < 0.05). MTA HP showed better push-out bond strength than its predecessor, White MTA; however, Biodentine had higher dislodgment resistance than both MTA formulations.

  1. Effects of topical administration of 12-methyl tetradecanoic acid (12-MTA) on the development of corneal angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Cole, Nerida; Hume, Emma B H; Jalbert, Isabelle; Vijay, Ajay Kumar; Krishnan, Ravi; Willcox, Mark D P

    2007-01-01

    Corneal vascularisation is a potentially devastating occurrence that can cause blindness. Currently, treatments for this condition are limited. In these studies, we have investigated a novel inhibitor of angiogenesis, 12-methyl tetradecanoic acid (12-MTA), to treat corneal vascularisation in mouse models of corneal alkali injury and corneal Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. The effectiveness of 12-MTA was compared to treatment with dexamethasone. 12-MTA was found to be at least as effective as dexamethasone in reducing the angiogenesis that occurs following alkali injury or P. aeruginosa infection of the cornea. The major effect of both 12-MTA and dexamethasone in these models was to reduce the linear incursion of new blood vessels into the central cornea. A significantly better result was obtained at 14 days post-alkali injury when treatment was not delayed. A major advantage of treatment of alkali injury with 12-MTA compared to that with dexamethasone was the finding that there was a 5-fold less level of PMN infiltration and no persistent epithelial defects in corneas treated with 12-MTA compared to 50% of those treated with dexamethasone. Our studies indicate that 12-MTA may provide clinically significant advantages over conventional steroids for the treatment of vessel growth in the cornea. PMID:17295090

  2. Effect of acidic solutions on the microhardness of dentin and set OrthoMTA and their cytotoxicity on murine macrophage

    PubMed Central

    Shon, Won-Jun; Lee, Woocheol

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the effects of three acids on the microhardness of set mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and root dentin, and cytotoxicity on murine macrophage. Materials and Methods OrthoMTA (BioMTA) was mixed and packed into the human root dentin blocks of 1.5 mm diameter and 5 mm height. Four groups, each of ten roots, were exposed to 10% citric acid (CA), 5% glycolic acid (GA), 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and saline for five minutes after setting of the OrthoMTA. Vickers surface microhardness of set MTA and dentin was measured before and after exposure to solutions, and compared between groups using one-way ANOVA with Tukey test. The microhardness value of each group was analyzed using student t test. Acid-treated OrthoMTA and dentin was examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Cell viability of tested solutions was assessed using WST-8 assay and murine macrophage. Results Three test solutions reduced microhardness of dentin. 17% EDTA demonstrated severe dentinal erosion, significantly reduced the dentinal microhardness compared to 10% CA (p = 0.034) or 5% GA (p = 0.006). 10% CA or 5% GA significantly reduced the surface microhardness of set MTA compared to 17% EDTA and saline (p < 0.001). Acid-treated OrthoMTA demonstrated microporous structure with destruction of globular crystal. EDTA exhibited significantly more cellular toxicity than the other acidic solutions at diluted concentrations (0.2, 0.5, 1.0%). Conclusions Tested acidic solutions reduced microhardness of root dentin. Five minute's application of 10% CA and 5% GA significantly reduced the microhardness of set OrthoMTA with lower cellular cytotoxicity compared to 17% EDTA. PMID:26877986

  3. Bioactivity, physical and chemical properties of MTA mixed with propylene glycol

    PubMed Central

    NATU, Vaishali Prakash; DUBEY, Nileshkumar; LOKE, Gerald Choon Leong; Teng Seng, TAN; Wee Hsuan, NG; YONG, Chee Weng; Tong, CAO; ROSA, Vinicius

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the physical (setting time, hardness, flowability, microstructure) and chemical (pH change, calcium release, crystallinity) properties and the biological outcomes (cell survival and differentiation) of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed using different proportions of propylene glycol (PG) and water. Material and Methods White MTA was mixed with different water/PG ratios (100/0, 80/20 and 50/50). Composition (XRD), microstructure (SEM), setting time (ASTM C266-13), flowability (ANSI/ADA 57-2000), Knoop hardness (100 g/10 s) and chemical characteristics (pH change and Ca2+ release for 7 days) were evaluated. Cell proliferation, osteo/odontoblastic gene expression and mineralization induced by MTA mixed with PG were evaluated. MTA discs (5 mm in diameter, 2 mm thick) were prepared and soaked in culture medium for 7 days. Next, the discs were removed and the medium used to culture dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) for 28 days. Cells survival was evaluated using MTS assay (24, 72 and 120 h) and differentiation with RT-PCR (ALP, OCN, Runx2, DSPP and MEPE) and alizarin red staining (7 and 14 days). Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc analysis (a=0.05). Results The addition of PG significantly increased setting time, flowability and Ca2+ release, but it compromised the hardness of the material. SEM showed that 50/50 group resulted porous material after setting due to the incomplete setting reaction, as shown by XRD analysis. The addition of PG (80/20 and 50/50) was not capable to improve cell proliferation or to enhance gene expression, and mineralized deposition of DPSC after 7 and 14 days as compared to the 100/0. Conclusion Except for flowability, the addition of PG did not promote further improvements on the chemical and physical properties evaluated, and it was not capable of enhancing the bioactivity of the MTA. PMID:26398513

  4. Sealing ability of MTA-Angelus with propyleneglycol in furcal perforations.

    PubMed

    Brito-Júnior, Manoel; Viana, Fabiana A; Pereira, Rodrigo D; Nobre, Sérgio A M; Soares, Janir A; Camilo, Carla C; Faria-e-Silva, André L

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the sealing ability of gray MTA-Angelus mixed with propyleneglycol in furcal perforations using a bacterial leakage test. Furcal perforations were created in 30 human mandibular molars using a size 3 round bur The samples were divided randomly into 2 experimental groups (n=10) according to the mixing agent. In G1, the MTA powder was mixed with propyleneglycol, while distilled water was used in G2. A 3:1 powder-liquid ratio was used for both groups. The MTA was placed in the perforation with an MTA carrier and condensed with hand pluggers. Non-repaired (n=5) and totally sealed (n=5) perforations served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Bacterial leakage was assessed daily for 30 days in a double-chamber apparatus with Enterococcus faecalis. Data were analyzed using Fisher exact test (p < 0.05) for three leakage periods: 1st to 10th day (P1); 11th to 20th day (P2); and 21st to 30th day (P3). The positive control presented leakage in all specimens within the first 24 hours, while no leakage was observed in the negative control during the experimental period. Leakage was observed in five (50%) of the 10 samples of the propyleneglycol group (G1) and seven (70%) of the distilled water group (G2) by the 20th day, without significant difference between the groups in periods P1 and P2 (p = 0.137). The leakage was significantly lower for G1 than G2 in period P3 (50% versus 100%, respectively, p = 0.016). In this single aerobic bacterial leakage method, the use of propyleneglycol as a vehicle for gray MTA-Angelus increased its sealing ability in furcal perforations at the end of the 30-day experimental period.

  5. Comparison of Microleakage of MTA and CEM Cement Apical Plugs in Three Different Media

    PubMed Central

    Ayatollahi, Fatemeh; Tabrizizadeh, Mahdi; Hazeri Baqdad Abad, Milad; Ayatollahi, Reza; Zarebidoki, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Microleakage is of the causes of endodontic treatment failure. The aim of this in vitro study, was to compare the microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement apical plugs in three environments. Methods and Materials: A total of 130 human extracted single rooted teeth were collected. After decoronation, preparation of the root canal space and simulation of open apices, 5 teeth were selected as positive and negative control groups and the rest of the samples were randomly divided into two groups (MTA plug and CEM cement plug) and each group was divided into 3 subgroups (dry, contaminated with saliva and contaminated with blood). In each group apical plug was placed into the canal. After full setting of the apical plug, microleakage of the samples were evaluated using fluid filtration method and the data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance. Results: In dry and saliva contaminated environments, the leakage of MTA samples were 40.906±2.081 and 39.608±2.081, respectively which was significantly more than that of CEM cement samples (26.977±2.081 and 27.000±2.081, respectively). However, in blood-contaminated environments, the amount of leakage in MTA group (21.640±2.081) was significantly lower than CEM cement group (44.358±2.081). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in dry and saliva-contaminated conditions CEM cement provides significantly better seal in comparison to MTA PMID:27471531

  6. 75 FR 65013 - Access in Litigation to Confidential Business Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... AGENCY Access in Litigation to Confidential Business Information AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (``EPA''). ACTION: Notice of Transfer of Information Claimed as Confidential Business Information to the United States Department of Justice and Parties to Certain Litigation. SUMMARY: The EPA has...

  7. Confidentiality and the family as caregiver.

    PubMed

    Petrila, J P; Sadoff, R L

    1992-02-01

    Many families provide mentally ill relatives with a residence and other support. Although professionals increasingly acknowledge the importance of the supportive role families play, families continue to report that they receive too little information from professionals about the patient, particularly when the family acts as caregiver. The authors suggest that mental health professionals' views about confidentiality may prevent them from providing information to families and urge professionals to rethink the issue of confidentiality and its application to families acting as caregivers. The authors conclude that certain information about a patient can--and should--be shared with families who are in a caregiver role without violating clinical, legal, or ethical principles.

  8. Altered Apical Morphology (Reverse Architecture): Use of Indirect Ultrasonic Technique for Orthograde MTA Placement in Maxillary Premolars

    PubMed Central

    Sonali, Kapoor; Suresh, Agrawal Vineet; Abhishek, Patel; Jenish, Patel

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To report the management and orthograde technique of MTA placement in case of reverse architecture maxillary premolars. Summary. Two cases of 17-year-old and 21-year-old female patients were referred to endodontic speciality for management of maxillary premolar having reverse architecture with wide immature open apex like a bell mouth. In both the cases, after control of intraradicular infection, it was decided to use MTA for apexification and obturation of canals. Orthograde placement of MTA is a challenging procedure in terms of length control and condensation especially in divergent irregular reverse architecture wide open apex. A novel technique with the help of finger plugger, sterilized paper point, and ultrasonic agitation for 3D compaction of MTA at apical reverse architecture was used. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure were confirmed one year after the treatment. PMID:27313910

  9. 15 CFR 30.60 - Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality of Electronic Export... § 30.60 Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information. (a) Confidential status. The EEI collected... in any form including but not limited to electronic transmission, paper printout, or...

  10. 15 CFR 30.60 - Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality of Electronic Export... § 30.60 Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information. (a) Confidential status. The EEI collected... in any form including but not limited to electronic transmission, paper printout, or...

  11. Confidentiality Revisited: A Response to Manhal-Baugus (1996).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Kevin

    1998-01-01

    Reviews the issues relating to confidentiality raised by Manhal-Baugus (1996), identifies problem areas from the 1996 article, and offers additional information about confidentiality not included in the article. Chemical dependency counselors are urged to consider the federal law covering confidentiality of alcohol- and drug-abuse patient records…

  12. 22 CFR 130.15 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential business information. 130.15... CONTRIBUTIONS, FEES AND COMMISSIONS § 130.15 Confidential business information. (a) Any person who is required... person considers to be confidential business information. No person, including any applicant or...

  13. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  14. 29 CFR 2704.204 - Confidential financial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential financial information. 2704.204 Section 2704... § 2704.204 Confidential financial information. Ordinarily, the net-worth and annual-receipts exhibits... administrative law judge in a sealed envelope labeled “Confidential Financial Information,” accompanied by...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  16. 40 CFR 85.1712 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany... submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... submitted pursuant to ths subpart is entitled to confidential treatment, the information covered by...

  17. 40 CFR 85.1712 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany... submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... submitted pursuant to ths subpart is entitled to confidential treatment, the information covered by...

  18. 19 CFR 210.5 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential business information. 210.5 Section... business information. (a) Definition and submission. Confidential business information shall be defined and... law judge, or another section of this part states otherwise, confidential business information...

  19. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  20. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  1. 19 CFR 210.5 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidential business information. 210.5 Section... business information. (a) Definition and submission. Confidential business information shall be defined and... law judge, or another section of this part states otherwise, confidential business information...

  2. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... CFR 20.61, and the petitioner does not withdraw the records for which a request for confidentiality...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will...

  3. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... CFR 20.61, and the petitioner does not withdraw the records for which a request for confidentiality...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will...

  4. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR 20.61, and the petitioner does not withdraw the records for which a request for confidentiality...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will...

  5. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... CFR 20.61, and the petitioner does not withdraw the records for which a request for confidentiality...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will...

  6. 12 CFR 978.5 - Storage of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Storage of confidential information. 978.5... OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES BANK REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION § 978.5 Storage of confidential information. Each Bank shall: (a) Store all identified confidential information in secure storage areas or...

  7. 33 CFR 1.07-35 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... treatment. 1.07-35 Section 1.07-35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... for confidential treatment. (a) In addition to information treated as confidential under § 1.07-30, a request for confidential treatment of a document or portion thereof may be made by the person...

  8. 40 CFR 86.1116-87 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany... submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential...

  9. 40 CFR 91.7 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES General § 91.7 Treatment of confidential... part is entitled to confidential treatment as provided by part 2, subpart B, of this chapter. (b)...

  10. 12 CFR 1102.309 - Confidential treatment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential treatment procedures. 1102.309... Description of Office, Procedures, Public Information § 1102.309 Confidential treatment procedures. (a) In... submission be afforded confidential treatment under 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4) (i.e., trade secrets and commercial...

  11. 40 CFR 92.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Remanufacturer Production Line Testing and Audit Programs § 92.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except... any claim of confidentiality made by the submitter. The provisions for treatment of...

  12. 40 CFR 94.4 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany... CFR part 2, subpart B. (e) Information provided without a claim of confidentiality at the time of... with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A)....

  13. 40 CFR 91.516 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Testing Program § 91.516 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information required by § 91... submitter. The provisions for treatment of confidential information described in § 91.7 apply to...

  14. 40 CFR 90.912 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Exclusion and Exemption of Nonroad Engines from Regulations § 90.912 Treatment of confidential information. The provisions for treatment of confidential information described in § 90.4 apply to this subpart....

  15. 40 CFR 89.613 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Importation of Nonconforming Nonroad Engines § 89.613 Treatment of confidential information. The provisions for treatment of confidential information as described in § 89.7 apply....

  16. 40 CFR 90.4 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this part is entitled to confidential treatment as provided by part 2, subpart B...

  17. 40 CFR 86.1116-87 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany... submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential...

  18. 40 CFR 90.614 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Importation of Nonconforming Engines § 90.614 Treatment of confidential information. The provisions for treatment of confidential information described in § 90.4 apply to this subpart....

  19. 40 CFR 85.1514 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany the information at... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Vehicle Engines § 85.1514 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any importer may assert that some...

  20. 40 CFR 89.7 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this part is entitled to confidential treatment as provided by part 2, subpart B...

  1. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4... TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of data. The electronic data received and exchanged by a service bureau shall be considered confidential,...

  2. 21 CFR 809.4 - Confidentiality of submitted information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidentiality of submitted information. 809.4... Confidentiality of submitted information. Data and information submitted under § 809.10(c) that are shown to fall... Drug Administration will determine whether information submitted will be treated as confidential...

  3. 21 CFR 809.4 - Confidentiality of submitted information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Confidentiality of submitted information. 809.4... Confidentiality of submitted information. Data and information submitted under § 809.10(c) that are shown to fall... Drug Administration will determine whether information submitted will be treated as confidential...

  4. 21 CFR 809.4 - Confidentiality of submitted information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality of submitted information. 809.4... Confidentiality of submitted information. Data and information submitted under § 809.10(c) that are shown to fall... Drug Administration will determine whether information submitted will be treated as confidential...

  5. 21 CFR 809.4 - Confidentiality of submitted information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality of submitted information. 809.4... Confidentiality of submitted information. Data and information submitted under § 809.10(c) that are shown to fall... Drug Administration will determine whether information submitted will be treated as confidential...

  6. miR-125a-3p targets MTA1 to suppress NSCLC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hong; Zhu, Xiaoxia; Li, Na; Li, Dianhe; Sha, Zhou; Zheng, Xiaokang; Wang, Haofei

    2015-07-01

    Metastasis-associated gene 1 (MTA1) is associated with cell growth, metastasis, and survival in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Several previous reports have demonstrated that microRNAs affect gene expression through interaction between their seed region and the 3'-untranslated region of the target mRNA, resulting in post-transcriptional regulation. The aim of this study was to identify miRNAs that suppress malignancy in NSCLC cells by targeting MTA1. Two human NSCLC cell lines were analyzed for the expression of MTA1 by quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting after transfection with MTA1 mimics. A luciferase reporter assay was established to test the direct connection between MTA1 and its upstream miRNAs. Cell proliferation was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine analysis, and colony formation assay. Cell migration and invasive capacity were evaluated by wound-healing assay and transwell assay. The miRNA/MTA1 axis was also probed by quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting in samples from eight NSCLC patients. Among the candidate miRNAs, miR-125a-3p was shown to post-transcriptionally regulate MTA1 in NSCLC cells. These data were reinforced by the luciferase reporter assay, in addition to the demonstration that MTA1 is inversely correlated with miR-125a-3p in NSCLC tissues. Furthermore, miR-125a-3p was found to inhibit NSCLC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, through the same mechanisms of down-regulated MTA1. Our report demonstrates that miR-125a-3p inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells through down-regulation of MTA1, indicating the role of the miR-125a-3p/MTA1 axis in NSCLC, and may provide novel insight into the molecular mechanisms underpinning the disease and potential therapeutic targets. PMID:25998575

  7. 7 CFR 987.67 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 987.67 Section 987.67... information. All data or other information constituting a trade secret or disclosing a trade position or... the Committee and information which would reveal the circumstances of a single handler shall...

  8. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING... Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.104...

  9. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING... Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.104...

  10. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING... Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.104...

  11. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING... Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.104...

  12. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING... Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.104...

  13. 40 CFR 1037.815 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 34 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Confidential information. 1037.815 Section 1037.815 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW HEAVY-DUTY MOTOR VEHICLES Definitions and Other...

  14. 16 CFR 1502.3 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1502.3 Section... information. Whenever any participant desires or is required to submit information in any proceeding under this part 1502, and the participant believes that such information consists of trade secret or...

  15. 31 CFR 800.702 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 800.702 Section 800.702 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS,...

  16. Counselors, Confidentiality, and Life-Endangering Clients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VandeCreek, Leon; Knapp, Samuel

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the statutory and case law regarding release of client information in three life endangering situations: child abuse, protection of third parties, and suicide. Describes the general principles of confidentiality and some specific legal issues for each of these three areas. (LLL)

  17. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... GENERAL PRE-TREAT-MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST-ING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.14 Confidentiality. (a) EPA authorities. In accordance with 40 CFR part 2, any information submitted to EPA pursuant to these... the procedures in 40 CFR part 2 (Public Information). (b) Effluent data. Information and data...

  18. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... General Provisions § 531.4 Confidentiality. (a) All NSAs and amendments to NSAs filed with the Commission... NSAs to another agency of the Federal government of the United States. (c) Parties to a filed NSA may... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  19. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... General Provisions § 531.4 Confidentiality. (a) All NSAs and amendments to NSAs filed with the Commission... NSAs to another agency of the Federal government of the United States. (c) Parties to a filed NSA may... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  20. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... General Provisions § 531.4 Confidentiality. (a) All NSAs and amendments to NSAs filed with the Commission... NSAs to another agency of the Federal government of the United States. (c) Parties to a filed NSA may... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  1. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... General Provisions § 531.4 Confidentiality. (a) All NSAs and amendments to NSAs filed with the Commission... NSAs to another agency of the Federal government of the United States. (c) Parties to a filed NSA may... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  2. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... General Provisions § 531.4 Confidentiality. (a) All NSAs and amendments to NSAs filed with the Commission... NSAs to another agency of the Federal government of the United States. (c) Parties to a filed NSA may... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  3. 43 CFR 3481.3 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... hours upon a written request, pursuant to rules at 43 CFR part 2, except that: (1) Information such as... provided in 43 CFR 2.20(c). (2) Information obtained from an operator/lessee under the rules of this part... Provisions § 3481.3 Confidentiality. (a) Information on file with MMS obtained pursuant to the rules of...

  4. 43 CFR 3481.3 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... hours upon a written request, pursuant to rules at 43 CFR part 2, except that: (1) Information such as... provided in 43 CFR 2.20(c). (2) Information obtained from an operator/lessee under the rules of this part... Provisions § 3481.3 Confidentiality. (a) Information on file with MMS obtained pursuant to the rules of...

  5. Confidentiality of Research and Statistical Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.

    This document was prepared by the Privacy and Security Staff, National Criminal Justice Information and Statistics Service, in conjunction with the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) Office of General Counsel, to explain and discuss the requirements of the LEAA regulations governing confidentiality of research and statistical data.…

  6. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the procedures in 40 CFR part 2 (Public Information). (b) Effluent data. Information and data provided... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true Confidentiality. 403.14 Section 403.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND...

  7. 34 CFR 303.402 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... section 444 of GEPA, to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of any personally identifiable data... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND... providers pursuant to part C of the Act, and consistent with §§ 303.401 through 303.417. The regulations...

  8. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the procedures in 40 CFR part 2 (Public Information). (b) Effluent data. Information and data provided... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Confidentiality. 403.14 Section 403.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND...

  9. 34 CFR 303.402 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... section 444 of GEPA, to ensure the protection of the confidentiality of any personally identifiable data... Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND... providers pursuant to part C of the Act, and consistent with §§ 303.401 through 303.417. The regulations...

  10. 7 CFR 987.67 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 987.67 Section 987.67 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... business condition shall be received by, and kept in the custody of, one or more designated employees...

  11. 42 CFR 93.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 93.108 Section 93.108 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  12. 42 CFR 93.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 93.108 Section 93.108 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  13. 42 CFR 93.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 93.108 Section 93.108 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  14. 42 CFR 93.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 93.108 Section 93.108 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  15. 42 CFR 93.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 93.108 Section 93.108 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  16. 40 CFR 158.33 - Confidential data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... procedures in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, including FIFRA confidentiality procedures at 40 CFR 2.307. To the extent that provisions in this section conflict with those in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, the provisions in this section take precedence. The provisions of 40 CFR 2.308 do not apply to information to which...

  17. 40 CFR 158.33 - Confidential data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... procedures in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, including FIFRA confidentiality procedures at 40 CFR 2.307. To the extent that provisions in this section conflict with those in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, the provisions in this section take precedence. The provisions of 40 CFR 2.308 do not apply to information to which...

  18. 40 CFR 158.33 - Confidential data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... procedures in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, including FIFRA confidentiality procedures at 40 CFR 2.307. To the extent that provisions in this section conflict with those in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, the provisions in this section take precedence. The provisions of 40 CFR 2.308 do not apply to information to which...

  19. 40 CFR 158.33 - Confidential data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... procedures in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, including FIFRA confidentiality procedures at 40 CFR 2.307. To the extent that provisions in this section conflict with those in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, the provisions in this section take precedence. The provisions of 40 CFR 2.308 do not apply to information to which...

  20. 40 CFR 158.33 - Confidential data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... procedures in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, including FIFRA confidentiality procedures at 40 CFR 2.307. To the extent that provisions in this section conflict with those in 40 CFR part 2, subpart B, the provisions in this section take precedence. The provisions of 40 CFR 2.308 do not apply to information to which...

  1. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  2. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  3. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  4. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  5. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  6. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  7. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  8. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  9. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  10. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  11. 42 CFR 438.224 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... such individually identifiable health information in accordance with the privacy requirements in 45 CFR... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 438.224 Section 438.224 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

  12. 21 CFR 821.55 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality. 821.55 Section 821.55 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES... permission to release, the patient's name, address, telephone number, and social security number, or...

  13. 21 CFR 821.55 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality. 821.55 Section 821.55 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES... permission to release, the patient's name, address, telephone number, and social security number, or...

  14. 15 CFR 701.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 701.5 Section 701.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS REPORTING...

  15. 46 CFR 502.405 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 502.405 Section 502.405 Shipping... integrity of dispute resolution proceedings in general by reducing the confidence of parties in future cases... integrity of dispute resolution proceedings in general by reducing the confidence of parties in future...

  16. The Law Clerk's Duty of Confidentiality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Judges were surveyed for their views on their law clerks' responsibility for confidentiality. Background is outlined, results are presented, and guidelines for law clerk conduct are suggested. The questionnaire is appended. Available from: Executive Editor, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 3400 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, $6.50.…

  17. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  18. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  19. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  20. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  1. 40 CFR 710.58 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... signed and dated by an authorized official. (i) What harmful effects to your competitive position, if any... confidential in any of these instances? (ii) What harmful effect, if any, to your competitive position do you... that your competitors do not know it is being manufactured or imported for a commercial purpose...

  2. 31 CFR 9.6 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 9.6 Section 9.6 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury EFFECTS OF IMPORTED ARTICLES... information obtained from a person and privileged, within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 552 and 31 CFR part 1,...

  3. Confidentiality of Accounting Academics: Consequences of Nonconformity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amponsah, Emmanuel B.; Boateng, Peter Agyekum; Onuoha, Luke N.

    2016-01-01

    This paper examined ways by which nonconformity to confidentiality among accounting academics could lead to increased-recruitment-and-legal-costs to their employing universities in Ghana that offered accounting degree programmes. With a cross-sectional design, data collected from 1,225 accountants analysed via Cronbach's alpha,…

  4. 37 CFR 382.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....5 Section 382.5 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS RATES AND TERMS FOR STATUTORY LICENSES RATES AND TERMS FOR DIGITAL TRANSMISSIONS OF SOUND RECORDINGS AND... SATELLITE DIGITAL AUDIO RADIO SERVICES Preexisting Subscription Services § 382.5 Confidential...

  5. 37 CFR 382.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....5 Section 382.5 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS RATES AND TERMS FOR STATUTORY LICENSES RATES AND TERMS FOR DIGITAL TRANSMISSIONS OF SOUND RECORDINGS AND... SATELLITE DIGITAL AUDIO RADIO SERVICES Preexisting Subscription Services § 382.5 Confidential...

  6. Client Confidentiality in Police Social Work Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Patrick Almond; Lutkus, Anita M.

    1985-01-01

    Results of a survey that questioned police social workers regarding the protection of client confidentiality in police settings revealed several problems related to the unique character of the setting and to the identification of social workers with the goals and practices of police. Results raise questions about the protection of client…

  7. 21 CFR 26.76 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality. 26.76 Section 26.76 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT...

  8. 21 CFR 26.76 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality. 26.76 Section 26.76 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT...

  9. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... certification provisions of section 103 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2613) or such requirements under State family and medical leave laws; or (6) To a Federal, State, or local public health... ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information.......

  10. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... certification provisions of section 103 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2613) or such requirements under State family and medical leave laws; or (6) To a Federal, State, or local public health... ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information.......

  11. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... certification provisions of section 103 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2613) or such requirements under State family and medical leave laws; or (6) To a Federal, State, or local public health... ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information.......

  12. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... certification provisions of section 103 of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (29 U.S.C. 2613) or such requirements under State family and medical leave laws; or (6) To a Federal, State, or local public health... ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information.......

  13. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... bodily injury, including circumstances which constitute suspected child abuse and neglect and verbal... injury, including homicide, rape, kidnapping, armed robbery, assault with a deadly weapon, or child abuse... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use §...

  14. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... bodily injury, including circumstances which constitute suspected child abuse and neglect and verbal... injury, including homicide, rape, kidnapping, armed robbery, assault with a deadly weapon, or child abuse... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use §...

  15. 41 CFR 60-742.3 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Confidentiality. 60-742.3 Section 60-742.3 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts...-PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS/CHARGES OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION BASED ON DISABILITY FILED AGAINST...

  16. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  17. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  18. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  19. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  20. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  1. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  2. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  3. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  4. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  5. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  6. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  7. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  8. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  9. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  10. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  11. Confidentiality of Library Records: Renewed Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, C. James

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Library Awareness Program and presents the American Library Association's policy on confidentiality of library records and suggested procedures for implementing the policy. Relevant state and federal legislation are summarized, and suggestions are offered for library administrators dealing with the…

  12. Endodontic management of open apex using MTA and platelet – rich fibrin membrane barrier: A newer matrix concept

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhry, Sarika; Talwar, Sangeeta; Verma, Mahesh

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Endodontic management of open apex using MTA and platelet – rich fibrin membrane as an apical matrix barrier. Study design: An immature tooth with pulpal necrosis and periapical pathology imposes a great difficulty to the endodontist. Endodontic treatment options for such teeth consist of conventional apexification procedure with and without apical barriers. This article demonstrates the use of an apical matrix barrier in form of a platelet rich fibrin membrane for stabilization of MTA in root end apexification procedure. PRF is an autologous fibrin matrix containing a large quantity of platelet and leukocyte cytokines, which enhance healing by release of growth factors. These case reports present apexification and successful healing with combined use of MTA and PRF membrane as an apical barrier Results: PRF membrane can serve as an efficient apical matrix for condensation of MTA. Combination of PRF membrane and MTA is an effective method for management of difficult cases of open apex. PRF is a strong fibrin membrane enriched with platelet and growth factors that accelerate periapical healing. Key words:Apexification, apical barrier, platelet rich fibrin (PRF), mineral trioxide (MTA). PMID:24455097

  13. Efficacy of MTA and CEM Cement with Collagen Membranes for Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects

    PubMed Central

    Ghanbari, Habib Ollah; Taheri, Morteza; Abolfazli, Salman; Asgary, Saeed; Gharechahi, Maryam

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of MTA and CEM cement in Class II furcation defects in human mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: Forty furcation defects were treated in 16 patients with chronic periodontitis. The clinical parameters of probing depth (PD), vertical and horizontal clinical attachment levels (VCAL and HCAL), open vertical and horizontal furcation depths (OVFD and OHFD), and gingival margin level (GML) were measured at baseline and at 3- and 6-month (re-entry surgery) postoperatively. Data were analyzed at a significance level of P<0.05. Results: Use of MTA and CEM caused significant decreases in PD, VCAL, HCAL, OVFD and OHFD at re-entry, with no statistically significant differences between the two treatment options in soft and hard tissue parameters. Conclusion: Both treatment modalities caused significant gains in attachment levels and bone fills, proving efficacy for treatment of Class II furcation involvements. PMID:25628670

  14. Effect of MTA-based sealer on the healing of periapical lesions

    PubMed Central

    GOMES-FILHO, João Eduardo; WATANABE, Simone; CINTRA, Luciano Tavares Angelo; NERY, Mauro Juvenal; DEZAN-JÚNIOR, Eloi; QUEIROZ, India Olinta Azevedo; LODI, Carolina Simonetti; BASSO, Maria Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Some manufacturers have recently added specific components to improve the ease of handling and insertion material properties of MTA in order to create MTA-based sealers. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the healing of periapical lesions in canine teeth after a single session of endodontic treatment with MTA Fillapex® compared with Sealapex or Endo-CPM-Sealer®. Material and Methods: Sixty-two root canals were performed on two 1-year-old male dogs. After coronal access and pulp extirpation, the canals were exposed to the oral cavity for 6 months in order to induce periapical lesions. The root canals were prepared, irrigated with a solution of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and filled with gutta-percha and different sealers, according to the following groups: 1) Sealapex; 2) Endo-CPM-Sealer®; and 3) MTA Fillapex. Some teeth with periapical lesions were left untreated for use as positive controls. Healthy teeth were used as negative controls. After 6 months, the animals were sacrificed and serial sections from the roots were prepared for histomorphologic analysis and stained with hematoxylin and eosin and the Brown and Brenn technique. The lesions were scored according to pre-established histomorphologic parameters and the scores statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: All 3 materials produced similar patterns of healing (p>0.05); in particular, persistent inflammation and absence of complete periapical tissue healing were consistently noted. Conclusions: Preparation of the infected root canals followed by filling with the materials studied was insufficient to provide complete healing of the periapical tissues. PMID:23857649

  15. Rat subcutaneous tissue response to MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Marques, Nádia Carolina Teixeira; Lourenço Neto, Natalino; Fernandes, Ana Paula; Rodini, Camila de Oliveira; Duarte, Marco Antônio Hungaro; Oliveira, Thais Marchini

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of rat subcutaneous tissue to MTA Fillapex® (Angelus), an experimental root canal filling material based on Portland cement and propylene glycol (PCPG), and a zinc oxide, eugenol and iodoform (ZOEI) paste. These materials were placed in polyethylene tubes and implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats for 7 and 15 days. The specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and evaluated regarding inflammatory reaction parameters by optical microscopy. The intensity of inflammatory response against the sealers was analyzed by two blinded and previously calibrated examiners for all experimental periods (kappa=0.96). The histological evaluation showed that all materials caused a moderate inflammatory reaction at 7 days, which subsided with time. A greater inflammatory reaction was observed at 7 days in the tubes filled with ZOEI paste. Tubes filled with MTA Fillapex presented some giant cells, macrophages and lymphocytes after 7 days. At 15 days, the presence of fibroblasts and collagen fibers was observed indicating normal tissue healing. The tubes filled with PCPG showed similar results to those observed in MTA Fillapex. At 15 days, the inflammatory reaction was almost absent at the tissue, with several collagen fibers indicating normal tissue healing. Data were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test (α=0.05). Statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was found only between PCPG at 15 days and ZOEI at 7 days groups. No significant differences were observed among the other groups/periods (p>0.05). MTA Fillapex and Portland cement added with propylene glycol had greater tissue compatibility than the PCPG paste.

  16. Experimental Furcal Perforation Treated with MTA: Analysis of the Cytokine Expression.

    PubMed

    Lara, Viviane de Paula Lima; Cardoso, Fabiano Pereira; Brito, Luciana Carla Neves; Vieira, Leda Quercia; Sobrinho, Antônio Paulino Ribeiro; Rezende, Taia Maria Berto

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-induced cytokine expression in mice after experimental furcal perforation. BALB/c mice (n=5) were subjected to induced furcal drilling of the maxillary first molar followed by MTA sealing in the left side (experimental group) and paraffin sealing in the right side (control group). Animals were euthanized at 7, 14 and 21 days after sealing the perforations. The expression levels of the IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-10, IL-4, TGF-β and RANKL genes were investigated by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the teeth and surrounding tissues. In the experimental groups, after the 7th day, there was a down-regulation of the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-4 compared to the 14th day (p<0.05). In these groups, the mRNA levels of RANKL, IFN-γ and TNF-α were statistically higher after 14 days compared to 21 days post-MTA sealing (p<0.05). The level of IL-10 mRNA was increased at the 21st day (p<0.05). The mRNA expression of TGF-β did not exhibit any statistically relevant results. There was a statistical down-regulation of IL-4 gene expressions when control and experimental groups were compared at days 7 and 21. In conclusion, MTA sealing favored the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the intermediate phase of the immuno-inflammatory response (14th day). The reduction of these cytokines in later phase of the response was probably due to immunoregulation by IL-10.

  17. Antibacterial Activity of MTA Fillapex and AH 26 Root Canal Sealers at Different Time Intervals

    PubMed Central

    Jafari, Farnaz; Samadi Kafil, Hossein; Jafari, Sanaz; Aghazadeh, Mohammad; Momeni, Tahereh

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The main goal of endodontic treatment is elimination of bacteria and their by-products from infected root canals. This study compared the antibacterial effect of two different sealers, AH 26 and MTA Fillapex, on 4 microorganisms 24, 48 and 72 h and 7 days after mixing. Methods and Materials: The microorganisms used in this study consisted of Lactobacillus acidophilus (ATCC 4356), Lactobacillus casei (ATCC 39392), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212). This test is based on the growth of bacteria and turbidity measurement technique using a spectrophotometer, and direct contact was conducted. Multiple comparisons were carried out using repeated-measures ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test and student’s t-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: The antibacterial activity in the indirect technique was more than the technique with both sealers. In the direct technique the antibacterial activity on all microorganisms were lower for MTA Fillapex sealer. In the indirect technique, both sealers exhibited similar antibacterial properties. Conclusion: The antibacterial effect of MTA Fillapex sealer was significantly less than that of AH 26 sealer in the direct technique. The antibacterial effects of both sealers were similar in the indirect technique. PMID:27471530

  18. Antimicrobial activity of endodontic sealers based on calcium hydroxide and MTA.

    PubMed

    Tanomaru, Juliane M G; Tanomaru-Filho, Mário; Hotta, Juliana; Watanabe, Evandro; Ito, Izabel Y

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a new root canal sealer containing calcium hydroxide (Acroseal) and the root canal sealer based on MTA (Endo CPM Sealer), in comparison with traditional sealers (Sealapex, Sealer 26 and Intrafill) and white MTA-Angelus, against five different microorganism strains. The materials and their components were evaluated after manipulation, employing the agar diffusion method. A base layer was made using Müller-Hinton agar (MH) and wells were made by removing agar. The materials were placed into the wells immediately after manipulation. The microorganisms used were: Micrococcus luteus (ATCC9341), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC6538), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC27853), Candida albicans (ATCC 10231), and Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 10541). The plates were kept at room temperature for 2 h for prediffusion and then incubated at 37 degrees C for 24 h. The results showed that Sealapex and its base paste, Sealer 26 and its powder, Endo CPM Sealer and its powder, white MTA and its powder all presented antimicrobial activity against all strains. Intrafill and its liquid presented antimicrobial activity against all strains except P. aeruginosa and Acroseal was effective only against M. luteus and S. aureus.

  19. Sealing ability of MTA, Super EBA, Vitremer and amalgam as root-end filling materials.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Cecília Luiz; Cenci, Maximiliano Sérgio; Demarco, Flávio Fernando

    2004-01-01

    This study evaluated the root-end sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA Angelus), reinforced zinc oxide-eugenol cement (Super EBA), resin-modified glass ionomer (Vitremer) and zinc-free amalgam (GS-80) (control). The root canals of eighty human lower molars were accessed, cleansed, shaped and obturated. Apexes were resected and cavities were prepared. Teeth were divided into 4 groups of 40 cavities, root-end filled with the materials, and immersed in methylene blue for 72 h at 37 degrees C. Roots were then sectioned transversally at each millimeter and evaluated under magnification, observing the dye penetration in each section. Data were evaluated using Kruskal-Wallis test at a 5% level of significance, showing the differences among all materials (p < 0.001). The crescent order of microleakage was MTA < Vitremer < Super EBA < amalgam. Higher leakage levels were observed in the first millimeter sections of amalgam, Vitremer and MTA, when compared with the third millimeter section (p < 0.05).

  20. Sealing Ability of Orthograde MTA and CEM Cement in Apically Resected Roots Using Bacterial Leakage Method

    PubMed Central

    Moradi, Saeed; Disfani, Reza; Ghazvini, Kiarash; Lomee, Mahdi

    2013-01-01

    Introduction The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the sealing ability of orthograde ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement as root-end filling materials. Materials and Methods Fifty four extracted single-rooted human teeth were used. The samples were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups. In group A and B, 4 mm of WMTA and CEM cement were placed in an orthograde manner and 3 mm of apices were resected after 24 hours. In group C the apical 3 mm of each root was resected and the root-end prepared with ultrasonic tips to a depth of 3 mm and subsequently, then filled with MTA. The apical sealing ability was performed with bacterial leakage method. Statistical analysis was carried out with Chi-square test. Results There were no significant differences in the extent of bacterial leakage between the three experimental groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Based on the limitations of this in vitro study, we concluded that MTA and CEM cement can be placed in an orthograde manner when there is a potential need for root-end surgery. PMID:23922571