Science.gov

Sample records for agreement mta confidential

  1. 40 CFR 2.215 - Confidentiality agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality agreements. 2.215 Section 2.215 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.215 Confidentiality agreements. (a) No EPA officer,...

  2. 40 CFR 2.215 - Confidentiality agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality agreements. 2.215 Section 2.215 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.215 Confidentiality agreements. (a) No EPA officer,...

  3. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  4. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  5. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  6. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.85 Confidentiality agreement... trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need; (2... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to...

  7. MTA: A Clinical Review

    PubMed Central

    Tawil, Peter Z; Duggan, Derek J.; Galicia, Johnah C.

    2016-01-01

    MTA has been a revolutionary material in endodontics. Since it’s introduction in the 1990’s several studies have demonstrated its use in several clinical applications. MTA has been extensively studied and is currently used for perforation repairs, apexifications, regenerative procedures, apexogenesis, pulpotomies & pulp capping. This article will review the history, composition, research findings and clinical applications of this versatile material. PMID:25821936

  8. Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    A concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This Mobility Test Article (MTA) is one of many that provided data contributing to the design of the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  9. Confidential Searches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Linda Chion

    2003-01-01

    Will the stealth superintendent hunt in Cincinnati become tomorrow's standard approach? Search consultants and superintendents offer their views on how far confidentiality should go. Also includes a search firm's process for shielding identities and a confidentiality pledge. (MLF)

  10. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  11. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  12. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  13. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  14. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  15. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  16. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  17. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  18. 7 CFR 1210.607 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND..., or importer of watermelons shall be held strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed....

  19. MTA applications in pediatric dentistry

    PubMed Central

    MATURO, P.; COSTACURTA, M.; BARTOLINO, M.; DOCIMO, R.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY The aim of this paper is to show and asses the clinical applications of the Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) in pediatric dentistry, either on primary teeth or on immature apex permanent teeth. We have described the primary tooth pulpotomy technique using MTA, that is characterized by a superior biocompatibility and a sealing ability that make it a more suitable compound compared to other materials in terms of result prediction on a long-term basis. We have also reported the direct capping technique using MTA on immature apex teeth; in these particular cases, MTA is undoubtedly preferable to conventional materials, especially in what its sealing characteristics concern. Furthermore, we have explained the apexogenesis clinical procedure, in which after a chamber pulpotomy on incomplete root development teeth, MTA is used in direct contact with the pulpar stump in order to save the root pulp vitality, allowing the apex and relative canal walls physiological maturation to take place. In case of necrotic teeth with immature apex, we describe the possibility of using MTA as an apical barrier making the apexification treatment faster and predictable, taking profit from its biocompatibility quality, its sealing ability and setting characteristic in humid environments. In all described applications, MTA has demonstrated to be a very versatile and extremely trustworthy material. Either literature and results obtained from the present experience, show how the use of MTA in Pediatric Dentistry, compared to commonly used materials, translates into pulp or periapical tissues being less swollen and, thus, guaranteeing a higher prediction of the therapeutic result on a short-term basis and on a long-term one. PMID:23285367

  20. Grumman Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    This Mobility Test Article (MTA) was a concept of a possible dual mode Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Grumman Industries for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  1. Grumman Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1964-01-01

    A concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Grumman Industries for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), this Mobility Test Article (MTA) is undergoing a full fledged test, complete with space suit attire. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  2. Bendix Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    A concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Bendix Corporation for NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This Mobility Test Article (MTA) is being inspected by a Bendix technician. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  3. 12 CFR 978.3 - Request for confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... shall make all requests for confidential information to a financial regulatory agency, or to a regional... financial regulatory agency. This part and its procedures may be supplemented by a confidentiality agreement between a Bank and a financial regulatory agency....

  4. MTA Computer Based Evaluation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, Lisa P.; And Others

    The MTA PLATO-based evaluation system, which has been implemented by a consortium of schools of medical technology, is designed to be general-purpose, modular, data-driven, and interactive, and to accommodate other national and local item banks. The system provides a comprehensive interactive item-banking system in conjunction with online student…

  5. 7 CFR 900.309 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 900.309 Section 900.309... to Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.309 Confidential information. The... information furnished to, compiled by, or in the possession of the referendum agent, shall be regarded...

  6. 7 CFR 1221.234 - Confidentiality

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality 1221.234 Section 1221.234 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... persons voting in the referendum and ballots shall be confidential and the contents of the ballots...

  7. Livin' with the MTA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mirowski, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as…

  8. Deconvolution of the particle size distribution of ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus.

    PubMed

    Ha, William Nguyen; Shakibaie, Fardad; Kahler, Bill; Walsh, Laurence James

    2016-01-01

    Objective Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements contain two types of particles, namely Portland cement (PC) (nominally 80% w/w) and bismuth oxide (BO) (20%). This study aims to determine the particle size distribution (PSD) of PC and BO found in MTA. Materials and methods The PSDs of ProRoot MTA (MTA-P) and MTA Angelus (MTA-A) powder were determined using laser diffraction, and compared to samples of PC (at three different particle sizes) and BO. The non-linear least squares method was used to deconvolute the PSDs into the constituents. MTA-P and MTA-A powders were also assessed with scanning electron microscopy. Results BO showed a near Gaussian distribution for particle size, with a mode distribution peak at 10.48 μm. PC samples milled to differing degrees of fineness had mode distribution peaks from 19.31 down to 4.88 μm. MTA-P had a complex PSD composed of both fine and large PC particles, with BO at an intermediate size, whereas MTA-A had only small BO particles and large PC particles. Conclusions The PSD of MTA cement products is bimodal or more complex, which has implications for understanding how particle size influences the overall properties of the material. Smaller particles may be reactive PC or unreactive radiopaque agent. Manufacturers should disclose particle size information for PC and radiopaque agents to prevent simplistic conclusions being drawn from statements of average particle size for MTA materials.

  9. Structure, expression and functions of MTA genes.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Rakesh; Wang, Rui-An

    2016-05-15

    Metastatic associated proteins (MTA) are integrators of upstream regulatory signals with the ability to act as master coregulators for modifying gene transcriptional activity. The MTA family includes three genes and multiple alternatively spliced variants. The MTA proteins neither have their own enzymatic activity nor have been shown to directly interact with DNA. However, MTA proteins interact with a variety of chromatin remodeling factors and complexes with enzymatic activities for modulating the plasticity of nucleosomes, leading to the repression or derepression of target genes or other extra-nuclear and nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase (NuRD)-complex independent activities. The functions of MTA family members are driven by the steady state levels and subcellular localization of MTA proteins, the dynamic nature of modifying signals and enzymes, the structural features and post-translational modification of protein domains, interactions with binding proteins, and the nature of the engaged and resulting features of nucleosomes in the proximity of target genes. In general, MTA1 and MTA2 are the most upregulated genes in human cancer and correlate well with aggressive phenotypes, therapeutic resistance, poor prognosis and ultimately, unfavorable survival of cancer patients. Here we will discuss the structure, expression and functions of the MTA family of genes in the context of cancer cells.

  10. Agreement between the Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts on Behalf of the Board of Regents of Higher Education and the Massachusetts Society of Professors Faculty Staff Union/MTA/NEA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    The collective bargaining agreement between the Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts and the Board of Regents of Higher Education and the Massachusetts Society of Professors, an affiliate of the National Education Association, covering the period July 1, 1986-June 30, 1987, is presented. Items covered in the agreement include: unit…

  11. Collective Bargaining Agreement between Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts and the Massachusetts Society of Professors, Faculty Staff Union, MTA/NEA, July 1, 1983-June 30, 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    The collective bargaining agreement between the Board of Trustees of the University of Massachusetts and the Massachusetts Society of Professors, Faculty Staff Union (1,643 members) of the National Education Association, covering the period July 1, 1983-June 30, 1986 is presented. Items covered in the agreement include: unit recognition,…

  12. Physiological functions of MTA family of proteins.

    PubMed

    Sen, Nirmalya; Gui, Bin; Kumar, Rakesh

    2014-12-01

    Although the functional significance of the metastasic tumor antigen (MTA) family of chromatin remodeling proteins in the pathobiology of cancer is fairly well recognized, the physiological role of MTA proteins continues to be an understudied research area and is just beginning to be recognized. Similar to cancer cells, MTA1 also modulates the expression of target genes in normal cells either by acting as a corepressor or coactivator. In addition, physiological functions of MTA proteins are likely to be influenced by its differential expression, subcellular localization, and regulation by upstream modulators and extracellular signals. This review summarizes our current understanding of the physiological functions of the MTA proteins in model systems. In particular, we highlight recent advances of the role MTA proteins play in the brain, eye, circadian rhythm, mammary gland biology, spermatogenesis, liver, immunomodulation and inflammation, cellular radio-sensitivity, and hematopoiesis and differentiation. Based on the growth of knowledge regarding the exciting new facets of the MTA family of proteins in biology and medicine, we speculate that the next burst of findings in this field may reveal further molecular regulatory insights of non-redundant functions of MTA coregulators in the normal physiology as well as in pathological conditions outside cancer.

  13. Deconvolution of the particle size distribution of ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus

    PubMed Central

    Ha, William Nguyen; Shakibaie, Fardad; Kahler, Bill; Walsh, Laurence James

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) cements contain two types of particles, namely Portland cement (PC) (nominally 80% w/w) and bismuth oxide (BO) (20%). This study aims to determine the particle size distribution (PSD) of PC and BO found in MTA. Materials and methods The PSDs of ProRoot MTA (MTA-P) and MTA Angelus (MTA-A) powder were determined using laser diffraction, and compared to samples of PC (at three different particle sizes) and BO. The non-linear least squares method was used to deconvolute the PSDs into the constituents. MTA-P and MTA-A powders were also assessed with scanning electron microscopy. Results BO showed a near Gaussian distribution for particle size, with a mode distribution peak at 10.48 μm. PC samples milled to differing degrees of fineness had mode distribution peaks from 19.31 down to 4.88 μm. MTA-P had a complex PSD composed of both fine and large PC particles, with BO at an intermediate size, whereas MTA-A had only small BO particles and large PC particles. Conclusions The PSD of MTA cement products is bimodal or more complex, which has implications for understanding how particle size influences the overall properties of the material. Smaller particles may be reactive PC or unreactive radiopaque agent. Manufacturers should disclose particle size information for PC and radiopaque agents to prevent simplistic conclusions being drawn from statements of average particle size for MTA materials. PMID:27335899

  14. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-like materials: an update review.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Zahed; Shalavi, Sousan; Soltani, Mohammad Karim

    2014-09-01

    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a multi-application material used in endodontics. It is a mixture of a refined Portland cement and bismuth oxide and trace amounts of SiO₂, CaO, MgO, K₂SO₄, and Na₂SO₄. MTA powder is mixed with supplied sterile water in a 3:1 powder/liquid. Hydrated MTA has an initial pH of 10.2, which rises to 12.5 three hours after mixing. There are several materials derived from MTA such as Endo-CPM Sealer, Ortho MTA, MTA-Fillapex, DiaRoot BioAggregate, MTA Bio, light-cured MTA, tricalcium silicate, and iRoot SP. The purpose of this article is to review MTA-like materials.

  15. 19 CFR 181.121 - Maintenance of confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Maintenance of confidentiality. 181.121 Section 181.121 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Confidentiality of...

  16. 19 CFR 181.121 - Maintenance of confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Maintenance of confidentiality. 181.121 Section 181.121 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Confidentiality of...

  17. 19 CFR 181.121 - Maintenance of confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Maintenance of confidentiality. 181.121 Section 181.121 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Confidentiality of...

  18. 19 CFR 181.121 - Maintenance of confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Maintenance of confidentiality. 181.121 Section 181.121 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Confidentiality of...

  19. Respecting patient confidentiality.

    PubMed

    Price, Bob

    2015-02-03

    Nurses face a particular challenge in respecting the confidentiality of patients in a world where information is quickly shared and where information about illness can be sensitive. We have a duty of care towards patients. That duty includes maintaining privacy (protecting them from undue intrusion), and confidentiality (by the discreet management of information about themselves that they share with us). Legislation on confidentiality comes from different sources and should be interpreted in the clinical setting. This article summarises the principal requirements set out in the legislation and directs readers to questions and tools designed to help them explore the extent to which patient confidentiality is respected where they work.

  20. Can MTA be: Miracle trioxide aggregate?

    PubMed Central

    Naik, Reshma M; Pudakalkatti, Pushpa S; Hattarki, Sanjeevini A

    2014-01-01

    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been used for more than 10 years in the dental community and has often been thought of as a material of choice for the endodontist. The dental pulp is closely related to periodontal tissues through apical foramina, accessory canals, and dentinal tubules. Due to this interrelationship, pulpal diseases may influence periodontal health and periodontal infections may affect pulpal integrity. It is estimated that pulpal and periodontal problems are responsible for more than 50% of tooth mortality. Thus, these associations recommend an interdisciplinary approach. MTA appears to exhibit significant results even in periodontal procedures as it is the first restorative material that consistently allows for over-growth of cementum and may facilitate periodontal tissue regeneration. Thus, in the present review, an attempt is made to discuss the clinical applications of MTA as an interdisciplinary approach. PMID:24744536

  1. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  2. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  3. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  4. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  5. 7 CFR 929.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 929.65 Section 929.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  6. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  7. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  8. 7 CFR 1245.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1245.107 Section 1245.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE U.S. HONEY PRODUCER...

  9. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  10. 19 CFR 356.29 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality. 356.29 Section 356.29 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a...

  11. 19 CFR 356.29 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidentiality. 356.29 Section 356.29 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURES AND RULES FOR IMPLEMENTING ARTICLE 1904 OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Violation of a Protective Order or a...

  12. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  13. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  14. 7 CFR 983.65 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 983.65 Section 983.65 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  15. 7 CFR 1250.207 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1250.207 Section 1250.207 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND...

  16. 7 CFR 1170.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING § 1170.12... information, statistics, or documents obtained from or submitted by any person in compliance with the Dairy Product Mandatory Reporting program other than in a manner that ensures that confidentiality is...

  17. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  18. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  19. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  20. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  1. 7 CFR 1206.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1206.107 Section 1206.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  2. 7 CFR 900.407 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... the Conduct of Referenda in Connection With Marketing Orders for Fruits, Vegetables, and Nuts Pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.407 Confidential...

  3. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  4. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  5. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  6. 7 CFR 1208.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1208.107 Section 1208.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROCESSED RASPBERRY...

  7. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  8. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  9. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  10. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  11. 7 CFR 932.63 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 932.63 Section 932.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  12. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  13. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  14. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  15. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  16. 7 CFR 984.79 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 984.79 Section 984.79 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WALNUTS GROWN IN CALIFORNIA...

  17. 7 CFR 1219.108 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1219.108 Section 1219.108 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION,...

  18. 7 CFR 1219.108 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 1219.108 Section 1219.108 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION,...

  19. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  20. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HONEY PACKERS AND...

  1. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  2. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  3. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  4. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  5. 7 CFR 982.70 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 982.70 Section 982.70 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON...

  6. 7 CFR 900.407 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... the Conduct of Referenda in Connection With Marketing Orders for Fruits, Vegetables, and Nuts Pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.407 Confidential...

  7. 7 CFR 900.407 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... the Conduct of Referenda in Connection With Marketing Orders for Fruits, Vegetables, and Nuts Pursuant to the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as Amended § 900.407 Confidential...

  8. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  9. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  10. 7 CFR 1214.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 1214.107 Section 1214.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE...

  11. North Adams State College Institutional Self-Evaluation Study Report, Vol. 2. Appendix 1: Agreement Between the Board of Trustees of State Colleges and North Adams State College Association, Massachusetts; Appendix 2: Agreement Between The Board of Trustees of State Colleges and the North Adams State College Mark Hopkins Faculty Association-MTA/NEA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts State Coll. System, Boston.

    The two agreements included in this document are in effect until June 30, 1976 and June 30, 1977, respectively. Articles cover: recognition and definitions, relationship between the board and the association, use of college facilities, faculty fringe benefits, statement on academic freedom, responsibilities of department chairmen, participation in…

  12. Comparative chemical study of MTA and Portland cements.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Marília Gerhardt de; Xavier, Cristina Braga; Demarco, Flávio Fernando; Pinheiro, Antônio Luis Barbosa; Costa, Aline Tempel; Pozza, Daniel Humberto

    2007-01-01

    Portland cement has been analyzed and compared to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) because of their chemical similarity. The possibility of using this material as a less expensive alternative to MTA in dental practice should be considered. In view of this, the present study compared the components of a Portland cement (Votoran) to two commercial brands of MTA (Pro-Root and MTA-Angelus). Twelve specimens of each material were fabricated and examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) to obtain their percentage of chemical elements. The means of the chemical elements found in each material was compared by descriptive statistics. Bismuth was present only in MTA cements to provide radiopacity. In conclusion, the tested cements have similar components, which supports, as far as composition is concerned, the possible clinical use of Portland as an option to MTA.

  13. MTA3 regulates CGB5 and Snail genes in trophoblast

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Ying; Miyazaki, Jun; Nishizawa, Haruki; Kurahashi, Hiroki; Leach, Richard; Wang, Kai

    2013-04-19

    Highlights: •Impaired MTA3, raised CGB5 and Snail expression are associated with preeclampsia. •Knock-down of MTA3 causes up-regulation of CGB5 and Snail genes in BeWo cells. •MTA3 occupies CGB5 and Snail gene promoters in BeWo cells. -- Abstract: Secreted by the placental trophoblast, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is an important hormone during pregnancy and is required for the maintenance of pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that dys-regulation of hCG expression is associated with preeclampsia. However, the exact relationship between altered hCG levels and development of preeclampsia is unknown. Metastasis associated protein 3 (MTA3), a chromatin remodeling protein, is abundantly expressed in the placental trophoblasts, but its function is unknown. In breast cancer, MTA3 has been shown to repress the expression of Snail and cell migration. However, whether MTA3 acts similarly in the trophoblast has not been investigated. In the present study, we examined the role of MTA3 in regulating the hCG β-subunit gene (gene name: CGB5) and Snail expression in the trophoblast cell line, BeWo, as well as its relevance to the high hCG expression levels seen in preeclampsia. First, we investigated MTA3 expression in preeclamptic placenta as compared to normal control placenta via gene expression microarray and qRT-PCR and found that MTA3 was significantly down-regulated, whereas both CGB5 and Snail were up-regulated in preeclamptic placenta. Secondly, we knocked down MTA3 gene in trophoblast cell line BeWo and found Snail and hCG were both up-regulated, suggesting that MTA3 represses Snail and hCG gene expression in trophoblasts. Next, we cloned the CGB5 and Snail promoters into the pGL3-basic vector individually and found that silencing of MTA3 by siRNA resulted in an increase of both CGB5 and Snail promoter activities. To confirm that this MTA3 inhibition is a direct effect, we performed a chromatin immune-precipitation (ChIP) assay and found that MTA3

  14. Confidentiality and Accreditation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heilbron, Louis H.

    The author shows that one branch of the Federal Government can and does largely protect the confidentiality of the accrediting process through legislation while another has legislative authority to secure any and all documents--both from another federal agency or from the accrediting body directly. Legislation proposed in the State of California,…

  15. 3-Year Follow-up of the NIMH MTA Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Peter S.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Swanson, James M.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoza, Betsy; March, John S.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan

    2007-01-01

    Objective: In the intent-to-treat analysis of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA), the effects of medication management (MedMgt), behavior therapy (Beh), their combination (Comb), and usual community care (CC) differed at 14 and 24 months due to superiority of treatments that used the MTA medication algorithm (Comb+MedMgt)…

  16. Test of Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    A test engineer drives a Mobility Test Article (MTA) during a test of a Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) concept through the mountains of Arizona. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  17. Boon of MTA Apexification in Young Permanent Posterior Teeth

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Vinod; Prasad, Vijaya; Mahantesh, T.

    2014-01-01

    Single visit apexification using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a new boon in effective management of nonvital tooth with an open apex which has steadily gained popularity with clinicians; also it shortens the treatment period and improves patient compliance. Importance of this approach lies in expedient cleaning and shaping of the root canal system, followed by its apical seal with MTA. There are several case reports available describing the use of MTA as an apexification agent in incisors and premolar, but presented cases are the unique case reports demonstrating successful apexification procedure using MTA in young permanent mandibular molars. After eight-month follow-up, teeth were without any abnormal clinical symptoms; rather there were radiographic resolution of the periapical lesion and induction of root end closure with new hard tissue formation over MTA. PMID:25431690

  18. 47 CFR 90.665 - Authorization, construction and implementation of MTA licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of MTA licenses. 90.665 Section 90.665 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.665 Authorization, construction and implementation of MTA licenses. (a) MTA licenses in the 896-901/935-940 MHz band will...

  19. [Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) a success story in apical surgery].

    PubMed

    von Arx, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    The objective of apical surgery is to retain teeth with persistent apical pathosis following orthograde root canal treatment if endodontic non-surgical revision is difficult or associated with risks, or is even declined by the patient. Since the most frequent cause of recurrent apical disease is bacterial reinfection from the (remaining) root canal system, the bacteria-tight root-end filling is the most important step in apical surgery. In the early 1990s, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was developed at the Loma Linda University in California/USA. Preclinical studies clearly showed that MTA has a high sealing capability, a good material stability and an excellent biocompatbility. Multiple experimental studies in animals highlighted the mild tissue reactions observed adjacent to this material. Furthermore, histological analysis of the periapical regions demonstrated a frequent deposition of new cementum not only onto the resection plane (cut dentinal surface), but also directly onto MTA. For these reasons, MTA is considered a bioactive material. In 1997 MTA was cleared for clinical use in patients. Multiple prospective clinical and randomized studies have documented high and constant success rates of MTA-treated teeth in apical surgery. A recently published longitudinal study showed that MTA-treated teeth remained stable over five years; hence the high healed rates documented after one year are maintained during long-term observation.

  20. Spheroid model study comparing the biocompatibility of Biodentine and MTA.

    PubMed

    Pérard, Matthieu; Le Clerc, Justine; Watrin, Tanguy; Meary, Fleur; Pérez, Fabienne; Tricot-Doleux, Sylvie; Pellen-Mussi, Pascal

    2013-06-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the biological effects of a new dentine substitute based on Ca₃SiO₅ (Biodentine™) for use in pulp-capping treatment, on pseudo-odontoblastic (MDPC-23) and pulp (Od-21) cells. The secondary objective was to evaluate the effects of Biodentine and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on gene expression in cultured spheroids. We used the acid phosphatase assay to compare the biocompatibility of Biodentine and MTA. Cell differentiation was investigated by RT-qPCR. We investigated the expression of genes involved in odontogenic differentiation (Runx2), matrix secretion (Col1a1, Spp1) and mineralisation (Alp). ANOVA and PLSD tests were used for data analysis. MDPC-23 cells cultured in the presence of MTA had higher levels of viability than those cultured in the presence of Biodentine and control cells on day 7 (P = 0.0065 and P = 0.0126, respectively). For Od-21 cells, proliferation rates on day 7 were significantly lower in the presence of Biodentine or MTA than for control (P < 0.0001). Col1a1 expression levels were slightly lower in cells cultured in the presence of MTA than in those cultured in the presence of Biodentine and in control cells. Biodentine and MTA may modify the proliferation of pulp cell lines. Their effects may fluctuate over time, depending on the cell line considered. The observed similarity between Biodentine and MTA validates the indication for direct pulp-capping claimed by the manufacturers.

  1. Treatment of Strip Perforation Using Root MTA: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Froughreyhani, Mohammad; Salem Milani, Amin; Barakatein, Behnaz; Shiezadeh, Vahhab

    2013-01-01

    Root perforations are an undesired complication of endodontic treatment which result in loss of integrity of the root, and adversely affect the prognosis of the treatment. Recently, Iranian mineral trioxide aggregate [Root MTA] has been introduced as an ideal material for perforation repair. In this article a successful repair of strip root perforation of mandibular molar using Root MTA is presented with 15-month follow-up. This case suggests that Root MTA may be a substitute material for the treatment of strip perforation; however, more clinical studies with larger sample size and longer follow-ups are needed. PMID:23717336

  2. MTA1 and MTA3 Regulate HIF1a Expression in Hypoxia-Treated Human Trophoblast Cell Line HTR8/Svneo

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Kai; Chen, Ying; Ferguson, Susan D.; Leach, Richard E.

    2015-01-01

    Hypoxia plays an important role in placental trophoblast differentiation and function during early pregnancy. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1a) is known to regulate cellular adaption to hypoxic conditions. However, our current understanding of the role of HIF1a in trophoblast physiology is far from complete. Metastasis Associated Protein 1 and 3 (MTA1 and MTA3) are components of the Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase (NuRD) complex, a chromatin remodeling complex, and are highly expressed in term placental trophoblasts. However, the role of MTA1 and MTA3 in the hypoxic placental environment of early pregnancy is unknown. In the present study, we examined the association among MTA1, MTA3 and HIF1a expression under hypoxic conditions in trophoblasts both in vivo and in vitro. We first investigated the localization of MTA1 and MTA3 with HIF1a expression in the placental trophoblast of 1st trimester placenta via immunohistochemistry. Our data reveals that under physiologically hypoxic environment, MTA1 and MTA3 along with HIF1a are highly expressed by villous trophoblasts. Next, we investigated the effect of hypoxia on these genes in vitro using the first trimester-derived HTR8/SVneo cell line and observed up-regulation of MTA1 and MTA3 as well as HIF1a protein following hypoxia treatment. To investigate the direct effect of MTA1 and MTA3 upon HIF1a, we over-expressed MTA1 and MTA3 genes in HTR8/SVneo cells respectively and examined protein levels of HIF1a via Western blot as well as HIF1a target gene expression using a luciferase assay driven by a hypoxia-response element promoter (HRE-luciferase). We found that over-expressions of MTA1 and MTA3 up-regulate both HIF1a protein level and HRE-luciferase activity under hypoxic condition. In summary, both MTA1 and MTA3 are induced by hypoxia and up-regulate HIF1a expression and HIF1a target gene expression in trophoblasts. These data suggest that MTA1 and MTA3 play critical roles in trophoblast function and

  3. Confidentiality in Childbirth Education

    PubMed Central

    Philipsen, Nayna C.

    2010-01-01

    Protecting the confidentiality of the personal information that childbirth educators receive from their clients is crucial. Without this respect for privacy, educators will not be able to get the information essential to meeting their objectives. Childbirth educators who work in schools may come under federal law that protects individual student records (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, or FERPA). Childbirth educators who are employed in a health-care facility may come under federal law that protects individual health information (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, or HIPAA). All childbirth educators must be thoughtful advocates of the rights to privacy and self-determination of expectant parents. PMID:21358833

  4. AIDS and confidentiality.

    PubMed

    Kirkman, M B; Bell, S K

    1989-01-01

    AIDS has created many challenges for those who provide care for AIDS patients. One major challenge has been the request of many public officials for healthcare professionals to abandon the traditional view of confidentiality and to reveal AIDS patients' names. This ethical dilemma is explored and some ethical theories are presented as possible resolutions. The conclusion presented is that healthcare professionals must recognize that the power of the healthcare system over an AIDS patient is immense. Therefore, healthcare professionals must make a commitment to protect the patient's right to privacy by preventing any unauthorized disclosure at all costs.

  5. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA): its history, composition, and clinical applications.

    PubMed

    Tawil, Peter Z; Duggan, Derek J; Galicia, Johnah C

    2015-04-01

    Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been a revolutionary material in endodontics. Since its introduction in the 1990s several studies have demonstrated its use in various clinical applications. MTA has been extensively studied and is currently used for perforation repairs, apexifications, regenerative procedures, apexogenesis, pulpotomies, and pulp capping. This article will review the history, composition, research findings, and clinical applications of this versatile endodontic material.

  6. Postmortem Confidentiality: An Ethical Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret; Kabell, Douglas R.

    2011-01-01

    In an era of increased need and expectation for confidentiality, the counseling record of the deceased client challenges confidentiality. Using ethical codes and legal mandates, the authors explore whether the counseling record of a deceased client should be released when the client's will and the client's counseling records are silent on this…

  7. In vitro cytotoxicity of white MTA, MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement on human periodontal ligament fibroblasts.

    PubMed

    Yoshino, Patrícia; Nishiyama, Celso Kenji; Modena, Karin Cristina da Silva; Santos, Carlos Ferreira; Sipert, Carla Renata

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro cytotoxicity of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), MTA Fillapex® and Portland cement (PC) on human cultured periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Periodontal ligament fibroblast culture was established and the cells were used for cytotoxic tests after the fourth passage. Cell density was set at 1.25 X10 4 cells/well in 96-well plates. Endodontic material extracts were prepared by placing sealer/cement specimens (5x3mm) in 1mL of culture medium for 72 h. The extracts were then serially two-fold diluted and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h. MTT assay was employed for analysis of cell viability. Cell supernatants were tested for nitric oxide using the Griess reagent system. MTA presented cytotoxic effect in undiluted extracts at 24 and 72 h. MTA Fillapex® presented the highest cytotoxic levels with important cell viability reduction for pure extracts and at ½ and ¼ dilutions. In this study, PC did not induce alterations in fibroblast viability. Nitric oxide was detected in extract-treated cell supernatants and also in the extracts only, suggesting presence of nitrite in the soluble content of the tested materials. In the present study, MTA Fillapex displayed the highest cytotoxic effect on periodontal ligament fibroblasts followed by white MTA and PC.

  8. Treatment of Furcal Perforation of Primary Molars with ProRoot MTA versus Root MTA: A Laboratory Study

    PubMed Central

    Haghgoo, Roza; Abbasi, Farid

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Furcal perforations are one of the most challenging causes of endodontic failures. Several materials including MTA have been used for non surgical repair of these perforations. The aim of this study was to compare treatment outcome of furcal perforation treatment in primary molars using Root MTA and ProRoot MTA. Materials and Methods This in vitro study was conducted on 54 primary first molars that were randomly divided into the two experimental groups of 24 teeth each and two control groups (n=6). After preparation of access cavities, perforations were made and the perforation areas were repaired using either Root or ProRoot MTAs. After staining and preparation of mesiodistal longitudinal sections, dye leakage was measured using a stereomicroscope. The data was analyzed by the Mann Whitney statistical test. Significant level was set at 0.05. Results The data indicated that the dye leakage of ProRoot MTA is significantly lesser than Root MTA (P=0.001). Conclusion ProRoot MTA showed good sealing ability in repairing furcal perforations of primary molars. PMID:23717329

  9. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  10. 7 CFR 983.9 - Confidential data or information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential data or information. 983.9 Section 983.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PISTACHIOS GROWN IN...

  11. 46 CFR 535.608 - Confidentiality of submitted material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality of submitted material. 535.608 Section 535.608 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984...

  12. Cryogenics for the MuCool Test Area (MTA)

    SciTech Connect

    Darve, Christine; Norris, Barry; Pei, Liu-Jin; /Fermilab

    2005-09-01

    MuCool Test Area (MTA) is a complex of buildings at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, which are dedicated to operate components of a cooling cell to be used for Muon Collider and Neutrino Factory R&D. The long-term goal of this facility is to test ionization cooling principles by operating a 25-liter liquid hydrogen (LH{sub 2}) absorber embedded in a 5 Tesla superconducting solenoid magnet. The MTA solenoid magnet will be used with RF cavities exposed to a high intensity beam. Cryogens used at the MTA include LHe, LN{sub 2} and LH{sub 2}. The latter dictates stringent system design for hazardous locations. The cryogenic plant is a modified Tevatron refrigerator based on the Claude cycle. The implementation of an in-house refrigerator system and two 300 kilowatt screw compressors is under development. The helium refrigeration capacity is 500 W at 14 K. In addition the MTA solenoid magnet will be batch-filled with LHe every 2 days using the same cryo-plant. This paper reviews cryogenic systems used to support the Muon Collider and Neutrino Factory R&D programs and emphasizes the feasibility of handling cryogenic equipment at MTA in a safe manner.

  13. Confidential Business Information under TSCA

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This website informs businesses, policymakers, and the public about the confidential business information (CBI) provisions of § 14 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), as amended by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act.

  14. 47 CFR 90.661 - MTA-based SMR service areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MTA-based SMR service areas. 90.661 Section 90..., 851-869, 896-901, and 935-940 MHz Bands Policies Governing the Licensing and Use of Mta-Based Smr Systems in the 896-901/935-940 Mhz Band § 90.661 MTA-based SMR service areas. MTA licenses for...

  15. MTA1 regulation of ERβ pathway in salivary gland carcinoma cells

    SciTech Connect

    Ohshiro, Kazufumi Kumar, Rakesh

    2015-09-04

    Abstracts: Although Metastatic-tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) is differentially expressed in metastatic cancer and coregulates the status and activity of nuclear receptors, its role upon estrogen receptor β (ERβ) – a potent tumor suppressor, remains poorly understood. Here we investigated whether MTA1 regulates the expression and functions of ERβ, an ER isoform predominantly expressed in salivary gland cancer cells. We found that the depletion of the endogenous MTA1 in the HSG and HSY salivary duct carcinoma cell lines enhances the expression of ERβ while MTA1 overexpression augmented the expression of ERβ in salivary duct carcinoma cells. Furthermore, MTA1 knockdown inhibited the proliferations and invasion of HSG and HSY cells. The noted ERβ downregulation by MTA1 overexpression involves the process of proteasomal degradation, as a proteasome inhibitor could block it. In addition, both MTA1 knockdown and ERβ overexpression attenuated the cell migration and inhibited the ERK1/2 signaling in the both cell lines. These findings imply that MTA1 dysregulation in a subset of salivary gland cancer might promote aggressive phenotypes by compromising the tumor suppressor activity of ERβ, and hence, MTA1-ERβ axis might serve a new therapeutic target for the salivary gland cancer. - Highlights: • MTA1 silencing upregulates ERβ expression in salivary gland carcinoma cells. • MTA1 overexpression downregulates ERβ expression via proteasomal degradation. • Upregulation of ERβ expression inhibits cell migration and ERK signaling. • MTA1 knockdown inhibits cell proliferation and invasion.

  16. Dr. von Braun on the Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1966-01-01

    In this June 1966 photograph, Marshall Space Flight Center Director Dr. Wernher von Braun test-drives the Mobility Test Article (MTA), a developmental vehicle built by the Bendix Corporation to test lunar mobility vehicle concepts. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), developed under the direction of the MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions. The LRVs were deployed during the last three Apollo missions; Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17.

  17. MTA pulpotomy of human permanent molars with irreversible pulpitis.

    PubMed

    Eghbal, Mohammad Jafar; Asgary, Saeed; Baglue, Reza Ali; Parirokh, Masoud; Ghoddusi, Jamileh

    2009-04-01

    The histological success of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy for treatment of irreversible pulpitis in human teeth as an alternative treatment was investigated in this study. Fourteen molars which had to be extracted were selected from patients 16-28 years old. The selection criteria include carious pulp exposure with a history of lingering pain. After isolation, caries removal and pulp exposure, MTA was used in pulpotomy treatment. Patients were evaluated for pain after 24 h. Two patients were lost from this study. Twelve teeth were extracted after 2 months and were assessed histologically. Recall examinations confirmed that none of the patients experienced pain after pulpotomy. Histological observation revealed that all samples had dentin bridge formation completely and that the pulps were vital and free of inflammation. Although the results favour the use of MTA as a pulpotomy material, more studies with larger samples and a longer recall period are suggested to justify the use of MTA for treatment of irreversible pulpitis in human permanent teeth.

  18. von Braun Examines Bendix Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1964-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) director, Wernher von Braun, and others examine one concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Bendix Corporation. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  19. von Braun Examines Bendix Mobility Test Article (MTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) director, Wernher von Braun, and a visitor, examine one concept of a possible Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) built by the Bendix Corporation. The data provided by the MTA helped in designing the LRV, developed under the direction of MSFC. The LRV was designed to allow Apollo astronauts a greater range of mobility during lunar exploration missions.

  20. The subcellular distribution and function of MTA1 in cancer differentiation.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jian; Xu, Dongkui; Wang, Haijuan; Zhang, Ying; Chang, Yanan; Zhang, Jinlong; Wang, Jia; Li, Chunxiao; Liu, Huan; Zhao, Mei; Lin, Chen; Zhan, Qimin; Huang, Changzhi; Qian, Haili

    2014-07-15

    The functions and mechanisms of metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) in cancer progression are still unclear due to a lagged recognition of the subcellular localization. In the present study, using multiple molecular technologies we confirmed for the first time that MTA1 localizes to the nucleus, cytoplasm and nuclear envelope. MTA1 is primarily localized in the nucleus of normal adult tissues but in the cytoplasm of embryonic tissues. While in colon cancer, both distributions have been described. Further investigation revealed that MTA1 localizes on the nuclear envelope in a translocated promoter region (TPR)-dependent manner, while in the cytoplasm, MTA1 shows an obvious localization on microtubules. Both nuclear and cytoplasmic MTA1 are associated with cancer progression. However, these functions may be associated with different mechanisms because only nuclear MTA1 has been associated with cancer differentiation. Overexpression of MTA1 in HCT116 cells inhibited differentiation and promoted proliferation, whereas MTA1 knockdown resulted in cell differentiation and death. Theses results not only suggest that nuclear MTA1 is a good marker for cancer differentiation diagnosis and a potential target for the treatment of cancers but also reveal the necessity to differentially examine the functions of nuclear and cytoplasmic MTA1.

  1. 10 CFR 429.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... confidential and exempt by law from public disclosure should—at the time of submission—submit: (1) One complete... disclosure, (vi) A date upon which such information might lose its confidential nature due to the passage...

  2. ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus and IRM used to repair large furcation perforations: sealability study.

    PubMed

    Hashem, Ahmed Abdel Rahman; Hassanien, Ehab E

    2008-01-01

    The ability of two mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) compounds and Intermediate Restorative Material (IRM) to seal large furcation perforations were evaluated using a dye-extraction leakage method. The furcation perforations were repaired with and without the use of internal matrix before placement of repair material. Eighty extracted human mandibular first molars were divided into positive (n = 10), negative (n = 10), and three experimental groups (n = 20) according to the repair material used. Each experimental group was divided into two subgroups (n = 10) according to whether internal matrix was used or not. Dye leakage was tested from an orthograde direction, and dye extraction was performed using full concentration nitric acid. Dye absorbance was measured at 550 nm using spectrophotometer. ProRoot MTA (Maillfer, Dentsply, Switzerland) with and without internal matrix and MTA-Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) with internal matrix showed the least dye absorbance. IRM (Caulk, Dentsply, Milford, DE) without internal matrix showed the highest dye absorbance. IRM with internal matrix and MTA-Angelus without internal matrix had insignificant difference and came at intermediate level between the other groups.

  3. Data Confidentiality Challenges in Big Data Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Yin, Jian; Zhao, Dongfang

    2015-12-15

    In this paper, we address the problem of data confidentiality in big data analytics. In many fields, much useful patterns can be extracted by applying machine learning techniques to big data. However, data confidentiality must be protected. In many scenarios, data confidentiality could well be a prerequisite for data to be shared. We present a scheme to provide provable secure data confidentiality and discuss various techniques to optimize performance of such a system.

  4. 30 CFR 47.85 - Confidentiality agreement and remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the trade secret chemical identity to the health purposes indicated in the written statement of need... designated representative, or the health professional to disclose the trade secret chemical identity to MSHA... professional inform the operator who provided the trade secret chemical identity prior to or at the same...

  5. 32 CFR 806b.9 - Confidentiality promises.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality promises. 806b.9 Section 806b.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Obtaining Law Enforcement Records and Confidentiality Promises § 806b.9 Confidentiality...

  6. 32 CFR 806b.9 - Confidentiality promises.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality promises. 806b.9 Section 806b.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Obtaining Law Enforcement Records and Confidentiality Promises § 806b.9 Confidentiality...

  7. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a) Filing confidential information. If a party wants certain information that the party is filing not made available...

  8. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a) Filing confidential information. If a party wants certain information that the party is filing not made available...

  9. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a) Filing confidential information. If a party wants certain information that the party is filing not made available...

  10. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... confidential character. (c) If a person asserts a claim of confidentiality for study plan information described... paragraph. Failure to provide written substantiation at the time the study plan information is submitted will be considered a waiver of the claim of confidentiality, and the study plan information will...

  11. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... confidential character. (c) If a person asserts a claim of confidentiality for study plan information described... paragraph. Failure to provide written substantiation at the time the study plan information is submitted will be considered a waiver of the claim of confidentiality, and the study plan information will...

  12. 37 CFR 262.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TRANSMISSIONS, NEW SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES AND THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS § 262.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the... Designated Agent use any Confidential Information for any purpose other than royalty collection...

  13. 37 CFR 384.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential information. 384... BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES § 384.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the statements of account, any information contained therein,...

  14. An In Vitro Comparison of Marginal Adaptation of MTA and MTA-Like Materials in the Presence of PBS at One-Week and Two-Month Intervals

    PubMed Central

    Ghorbanzadeh, Abdollah; Shokouhinejad, Noushin; Fathi, Bita; Raoof, Maryam; Khoshkhounejad, Mehrfam

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study compared the marginal adaptation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and MTA-like materials as root-end fillings after incubation in phosphate buffer saline (PBS), a synthetic tissue fluid, for either 1 week or 2 months. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, seventy-two extracted human single-rooted teeth were prepared and obturated with gutta-percha and AH26 sealer. The apical 3 mm of the roots were resected. Root-end cavities were prepared with an ultrasonic retrotip. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=24) and filled with either ProRoot MTA, OrthoMTA, or RetroMTA. Half of the specimens in each group were stored in PBS for 1 week the other half for 2 months. Epoxy resin replicas from the resected root-end surfaces and longitudinally sectioned roots were fabricated. The gaps at the material/dentin interface were measured using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Transversal, longitudinal, and overall gap sizes were measured. The data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: There were no significant differences between the marginal adaptation of ProRoot MTA, RetroMTA, and OrthoMTA in both transverse and longitudinal sections after incubation for either 1 week or 2 months (p > 0.05). In addition, the test groups were not significantly different regarding the overall mean gap values (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Under the conditions of this study, there was no difference between the marginal adaptation of ProRoot MTA, OrthoMTA, and RetroMTA as root-end filling materials after exposure to PBS for either 1 week or 2 months. PMID:25628683

  15. College Confidential: A Field Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Day and night the locals chatter. They counsel and console, bicker and rant. Their questions are endless. Though often hopeful, they never stop pounding the drums of worry. This is College Confidential, a vast virtual realm where visitors can find the best and worst of human nature. Here, in moderated discussion forums, people help strangers. They…

  16. Confidential Training Needs Assessment Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jean; Ingram, Cynthia

    In 1988, Patrick Henry Community College (PHCC), in cooperation with Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, conducted a confidential survey of members of the Henry County Sheriff's Department and the Martinsville Police Department to determine training needs. Groups of between 1 and 15 employees from all shifts and departments were…

  17. Confidential inquiry into malaria deaths.

    PubMed Central

    Dürrheim, D. N.; Frieremans, S.; Kruger, P.; Mabuza, A.; de Bruyn, J. C.

    1999-01-01

    The results of a confidential inquiry into mortality attributed to malaria in South Africa's Mpumalanga Province are being used to guide the design of strategies for improving the management of cases and reducing the probability of deaths from the disease. PMID:10212518

  18. Evaluation of Antibacterial Efficacy of MTA with and without Additives Like Silver Zeolite and Chlorhexidine

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Anand; Giriyappa, Ramesh Halebathi; Singh, Thakur Veerandar; Jyotsna, Sistla Venkata; Rairam, Surabhi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Microorganisms, predominantly Enterococcus faecalis are found responsible in the progression of pulpal, periradicular diseases and in endodontic failures. Unsuccessful conventional treatment might necessitate the need for a surgical approach; where in retrograde restorative materials are used to seal the apex. Among the root end filling materials, Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is considered biocompatible and is most commonly used in clinical applications but it has limited antibacterial activity. Metallic silver and chlorhexidine have been added into various dental materials to enhance the antibacterial activity. Aim This study aimed to compare the antibacterial effect of MTA, MTA mixed with silver zeolite and MTA mixed with chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods Test materials used in the study were divided into three groups namely Group 1- MTA, Group 2-MTA + Silver Zeolite, Group 3-MTA + Chlorhexidine. Direct contact test was done by placing a standardized suspension of Enterococcus faecalis on the test materials in a 96 well microtiter plate. The bacterial growth was measured spectrophotometrically using ELISA reader at intervals of one, three and seven days. Statistical Analysis Data was collected by recording the optical density and analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple post hoc test followed by paired-t test. Results and Conclusion All test groups showed antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis at day one, three and seven. MTA with silver zeolite showed the maximum antibacterial activity followed by MTA with 2% chlorhexidine. The least antibacterial effect was shown by MTA mixed with sterile water. PMID:27504400

  19. Cytotoxicity and Antimicrobial Effects of a New Fast-Set MTA

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Michelle; Chen, Jung-Wei; Tsai, Chi-Yang; Aprecio, Raydolfo; Zhang, Wu; Yochim, Ji Min; Torabinejad, Mahmoud

    2017-01-01

    Purpose. To compare the biocompatibility and antimicrobial effectiveness of the new Fast-Set MTA (FS-MTA) with ProRoot MTA (RS-MTA). Methods. The agar overlay method with neutral red dye was used. L929 mouse fibroblast cells were cultured. The liquid and oil extracts and solid test material were placed on the agar overlay, four samples for each material. Phenol was used as the positive control and cottonseed oil and MEM extracts were used as negative controls. Cytotoxicity was examined by measuring the zones of decolorization and evaluating cell lysis under an inverted microscope using the established criteria after 24 and 48 hours. The antimicrobial test was performed using the Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method against S. mutans, E. faecalis, F. nucleatum, P. gingivalis, and P. intermedia. The size of the zone of inhibition was measured in millimeters. Results. There was no zone of decolorization seen under or around the test materials for FS-MTA and RS-MTA at 24 and 48 hours. The antimicrobial test demonstrated no inhibitory effect of FS-MTA or RS-MTA on any bacterial species after 24 and 48 hours. Conclusions. There was no cytotoxicity or bacterial inhibition observed by the new Fast-Set MTA when compared to the ProRoot MTA after setting. PMID:28303246

  20. Unravelling the Complexity and Functions of MTA Coregulators in Human Cancer.

    PubMed

    Li, Da-Qiang; Kumar, Rakesh

    2015-01-01

    Since the initial recognition of the metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) as a metastasis-relevant gene approximately 20 years ago, our appreciation for the complex role of the MTA family of coregulatory proteins in human cancer has profoundly grown. MTA proteins consist of six family members with similar structural units and act as central signaling nodes for integrating upstream signals into regulatory chromatin-remodeling networks, leading to regulation of gene expression in cancer cells. Substantial experimental and clinical evidence demonstrates that MTA proteins, particularly MTA1, are frequently deregulated in a wide range of human cancers. The MTA family governs cell survival, the invasive and metastatic phenotypes of cancer cells, and the aggressiveness of cancer and the prognosis of patients with MTA1 overexpressing cancers. Our discussion here highlights our current understanding of the regulatory mechanisms and functional roles of MTA proteins in cancer progression and expands upon the potential implications of MTA proteins in cancer biology and cancer therapeutics.

  1. A laboratory assessment of bacterial leakage in MTA apical plugs exposed to phosphate-buffered saline.

    PubMed

    de Almeida, Josiane; Pimenta, Andrea L; Felippe, Wilson T

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluated the influence of the exposure of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) - with and without calcium chloride (CaCl2) -to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) on apical microleakage. Sixty root segments were divided into 4 experimental groups (n=15). Apical cavities were filled with MTA with or without CaCl2, and the root canals dressed with a moistened cotton pellet or PBS: 1) MTA/cotton pellet; 2) MTA/PBS; 3) MTA+ 10%CaCl2/cotton pellet; 4) MTA+10%CaCl2/PBS. After 2 months, E. faecalis penetration was analyzed along the apical plugs. Samples were observed weekly for 70 days, and leakage was detected by turbidity of the medium in contact with the root segment. Teeth in the control groups (n=2) were either made completely impermeable or kept without an apical plug. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze survival and the Logrank test was used to compare the survival curves (p<0.05). All specimens in the positive control group showed evidence of leakage within 24h, while none in the negative control group showed leakage up to 70 days. There was no statistically significant difference among the experimental groups (p=0.102). The use of PBS as intracanal dressing may improve MTA sealing ability, but cannot prevent bacterial leakage. The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA did not improve MTA sealing ability.

  2. [Professional confidentiality and the family].

    PubMed

    Louvrier, P

    2006-09-01

    The roots of " doctor-patient privilege " or professional confidentiality go back to the Greek island of Cos - Hippocrates' birthplace. The Cos school advocated silence about what the doctor might learn during his visits. In 1868 the Napoleonic Criminal Code sanctioned those who divulged secrets that were entrusted to them by virtue of their profession or estate. The [Belgian medical association's] Code of Professional Ethics extends the bounds of professional confidentiality to include everything that the doctor sees, has knowledge of, learns of, ascertains, discovers, or surprises. Confidentiality as a matter of public policy is relative. It is a tool for the preservation of values, allowing access to health care without fear of divulgation. This leads to possible conflicts of values, conflicts between two duties involving a value that can be protected only to the detriment of another value. The family's rights are specified in Belgium's law on patient's rights, to wit: indirect consultation of the medical file after an individual's death and representation of a patient who is not able to exercise her/his rights her/himself. Silence is nevertheless the rule. The care that an illness calls for generally forces the doctor to make certain disclosures to the patient's family about the state of the illness. This usually goes no farther if the ailment is benign. However, in some sensitive situations (HIV, alcoholism, and divorce), the doctor must bear in mind that the patient may oppose the disclosure of any and all information. A good understanding of the foundations of professional confidentiality, informing the patient, and the doctor's own human qualities should make it possible to get hitherto stalled situations to move forward. The patient remains the doctor's primary focus.

  3. Confidentiality through a feminist lens. Reaction piece.

    PubMed

    Pinch, W J

    1999-12-01

    An ethical foundation for confidentiality is found in the AAOHN Code, grounded in a respect for autonomy. Confidentiality is a phenomenon involving a trust relationship between at least two people. An undesirable outcome could result if the confidential information or observation is revealed. Although confidentiality has an impact regardless of the individual's gender, women can be at higher risk for compromises to confidentiality. The implications for women include but are not limited to the inherent inequality in client/professional relationships, paternalistic practices in health care delivery, and the importance of autonomy as an ethical principle. The nurse's sensitivity to the possible vulnerability of women, the recognition of the importance of trust and communication in professional relationships, and an effort to ask the gender question contribute to an ethical practice in occupational health care related to the issue of confidentiality.

  4. [Confidentiality as ethical responsibility and legal duty].

    PubMed

    Arroyo Cordero, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    The article analyzes the challenge that the health professionals encounter when trying to protect their patient's confidentiality, considering the increasing demand for globalization of the information. It discusses the importance that confidentiality has for the therapeutic alliance and how the government has protected it throughout time. It identifies weak areas in the protection of confidentiality, especially in the psychiatry field. Finally, it invites the reader to consider the real benefits of sharing patient's information when deciding whether to brake or not the patient's confidentiality.

  5. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... information that require confidentiality with an identifying legend, such as “Proprietary Information... proves impracticable, attach a cover sheet that contains the identifying legend to the data...

  6. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  7. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  8. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  9. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  10. 40 CFR 716.55 - Confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for commercial distribution (including for test marketing purposes and for use in research and... because disclosure would reveal a confidential process or quantitative mixture composition should...

  11. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  12. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  13. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE Procedural... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  14. Dietary Pterostilbene is a novel MTA1-targeted chemopreventive and therapeutic agent in prostate cancer

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dietary nutrients with ability to reverse adverse epigenetic events have great potential for cancer chemoprevention. Overexpression of the epigenetic modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) is associated with aggressive human prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine MTA1-d...

  15. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., including the provisions of § 90.619 relating to U.S./Canadian and U.S./Mexican border areas. (3) The MTA licensee limits its field strength at any location on the border of the MTA service area in accordance...

  16. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., including the provisions of § 90.619 relating to U.S./Canadian and U.S./Mexican border areas. (3) The MTA licensee limits its field strength at any location on the border of the MTA service area in accordance...

  17. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., including the provisions of § 90.619 relating to U.S./Canadian and U.S./Mexican border areas. (3) The MTA licensee limits its field strength at any location on the border of the MTA service area in accordance...

  18. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., including the provisions of § 90.619 relating to U.S./Canadian and U.S./Mexican border areas. (3) The MTA licensee limits its field strength at any location on the border of the MTA service area in accordance...

  19. 47 CFR 90.663 - MTA-based SMR system operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., including the provisions of § 90.619 relating to U.S./Canadian and U.S./Mexican border areas. (3) The MTA licensee limits its field strength at any location on the border of the MTA service area in accordance...

  20. Molecular functions and significance of the MTA family in hormone-independent cancer.

    PubMed

    Ning, Zhifeng; Gan, Jinfeng; Chen, Chaoying; Zhang, Dianzheng; Zhang, Hao

    2014-12-01

    The members of the metastasis-associated protein (MTA) family play pivotal roles in both physiological and pathophysiological processes, especially in cancer development and metastasis, and their role as master regulators has come to light. Due to the fact that they were first identified as crucial factors in estrogen receptor-mediated breast cancer metastasis, most of the early studies focused on their hormone-dependent functions. However, the accumulating evidence shows that the members of MTA family are deregulated in most, if not all, the cancers studied so far. Therefore, the levels as well as the activities of the MTA family members are widely accepted as potential biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and predictors of overall survival. They function differently in different cancers with specific mechanisms. p53 and HIF-1α appear to be the respectively common upstream and downstream regulator of the MTA family in both development and metastasis of a wide spectrum of cancers. Here, we review the expression and clinical significance of the MTA family, focusing on hormone-independent cancers. To illustrate the molecular mechanisms, we analyze the MTA family-related signaling pathways in different cancers. Finally, targeting the MTA family directly or the pathways involved in the MTA family indirectly could be invaluable strategies in the development of cancer therapeutics.

  1. 28 CFR 50.23 - Policy against entering into final settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... settlement agreements or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality provisions and against seeking or... or consent decree that are subject to confidentiality provisions and against seeking or concurring in... will not enter into final settlement agreements or consent decrees that are subject to...

  2. Sealing ability of ProRoot MTA and MTA-Angelus simulating a one-step apical barrier technique--an in vitro study.

    PubMed

    Lolayekar, Nikita; Bhat, Sham S; Hegde, Sundeep

    2009-01-01

    Endodontic treatment of the pulpless tooth with an immature root apex poses a special challenge for the clinician due to lack of an apical stop against which to compact an interim dressing of calcium hydroxide, or the final obturation material. A one-visit apexification protocol with MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate) has be seen as an alternative to the traditional treatment practices with calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of MTA as a 5mm apical barrier by comparing sealing ability of ProRoot MTA to that of MTA-Angelus. 50 freshly extracted Maxillary and Mandibular single canal sound human incisor teeth were used in this study, which were decoronated to standardized 10mm root lengths. The root segments were prepared to simulate the clinical situation of an open apex with Gates Glidden burs # 51 and randomly assigned into 2 experimental groups of 20 samples each (Group A: ProRoot MTA, Group B: MTA-Angelus) and 10 root segments were used as control (Group C) where no apical barrier was used. After obturation the coronal portion of all samples were sealed with Glass Ionomer and stored at 37 degrees C and 100% humidity for 4 weeks. The root segments were then double coated with nail varnish except for the apical 1mm and apical ends of all root segments were suspended vertically in methylene blue dye for 48 hours at room temperature. After removal from the dye, the samples were sectioned longitudinally and linear dye penetration was measured using a Grid and stereomicroscope. The measurements were tabulated and statistically analyzed. The mean percentage of dye leakage for Group A was 55.5% and for Group B was 53.25%. The results showed no statistically significant difference in the sealing ability of ProRoot MTA and MTA-Angelus when used as apical barriers.

  3. Sealing Ability of MTA Used in Perforation Repair of Permanent Teeth; Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Baroudi, Kusai; Samir, Samah

    2016-01-01

    There were several materials used to seal different types of perforation defects. MTA is one of these restorative materials that is considered the most effective, biocompatible, non-toxic, and non-irritant; promote bone healing and cementum regeneration. The objective of this article was to review and summarize the sealing ability of MTA compared with the other materials used for sealing different types of root perforations of permanent teeth. A literature search was conducted using Medline, accessed via the National Library of Medicine Pub Med from 2005 to 2015 searching for articles related to sealing ability of MTA. This study found that factors affecting prognosis are the size, site of the perforation and time elapsed as well as the repair material. MTA is an important filling material to be used for sealing different types of perforations when perforated sites sealed immediately with MTA. PMID:27347231

  4. Sealing Ability of MTA Used in Perforation Repair of Permanent Teeth; Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Baroudi, Kusai; Samir, Samah

    2016-01-01

    There were several materials used to seal different types of perforation defects. MTA is one of these restorative materials that is considered the most effective, biocompatible, non-toxic, and non-irritant; promote bone healing and cementum regeneration. The objective of this article was to review and summarize the sealing ability of MTA compared with the other materials used for sealing different types of root perforations of permanent teeth. A literature search was conducted using Medline, accessed via the National Library of Medicine Pub Med from 2005 to 2015 searching for articles related to sealing ability of MTA. This study found that factors affecting prognosis are the size, site of the perforation and time elapsed as well as the repair material. MTA is an important filling material to be used for sealing different types of perforations when perforated sites sealed immediately with MTA.

  5. MTA family of transcriptional metaregulators in mammary gland morphogenesis and breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Singh, Rajesh R; Kumar, Rakesh

    2007-09-01

    Since breast cancer and its associated metastasis are a global health problem and a major cause of mortality among women, research efforts to understand the development, morphogenesis, and functioning of the mammary gland are a high priority. Myriad signaling pathways, transcription factors, and associated transcriptional coregulators have been identified in both normal functioning and neoplastic transformation of the mammary gland. The discovery of the metastasis tumor antigen 1 (MTA1) gene, its overexpression in cancer and metastasis and its subsequent identification as an integral part of the chromatin remodeling complex heralded extensive research on its physiological role. Subsequent identification of additional gene family members, namely MTA1s, MTA2, and MTA3, and their functions in the cell has resulted in the establishment of the significance of the MTA family. The role of these proteins in modulating hormonal responses in normal mammary glands and in breast cancer has resulted in their identification as important molecular markers and potential therapeutic targets.

  6. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information...

  7. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... application that trade secrets or proprietary commercial or financial data be treated as confidential, and...,” “Proprietary Commercial Information,” “Trade Secret,” or “Confidential Treatment Requested.” Where this marking... proposed criteria for evaluating a safety approval is secret, as classified by the U.S. Government, or...

  8. 15 CFR 806.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 806.5 Section 806.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS § 806.5 Confidentiality....

  9. 42 CFR 456.113 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Hospitals Ur Plan: Informational Requirements § 456.113 Confidentiality. The UR plan must provide that the identities of individual recipients in all UR records and reports are kept confidential. UR Plan: Review of Need for Admission 1 1...

  10. 42 CFR 456.113 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Hospitals Ur Plan: Informational Requirements § 456.113 Confidentiality. The UR plan must provide that the identities of individual recipients in all UR records and reports are kept confidential. UR Plan: Review of Need for Admission 1 1...

  11. 37 CFR 380.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TRANSMISSIONS, NEW SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES AND THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS § 380.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this part, “Confidential Information” shall include the... Information for any purpose other than royalty collection and distribution and activities related...

  12. 37 CFR 261.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS § 261.5 Confidential information. (a) For purposes of this part... event shall the Receiving Agent or Designated Agent(s) use any Confidential Information for any purpose... purpose of performing such duties during the ordinary course of employment, require access to the...

  13. 7 CFR 900.352 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 900.352 Section 900.352... Determining the Qualification of Cooperative Milk Marketing Associations § 900.352 Confidential information. The documents and other information submitted by an applicant association and otherwise obtained...

  14. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  15. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  16. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  17. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  18. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Confidentiality. 403.14 Section 403.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRETREATMENT REGULATIONS FOR EXISTING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.14 Confidentiality....

  19. 24 CFR 574.440 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN... Grantees and Project Sponsors § 574.440 Confidentiality. The grantee shall agree, and shall ensure that each project sponsor agrees, to ensure the confidentiality of the name of any individual assisted...

  20. 24 CFR 574.440 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN... Grantees and Project Sponsors § 574.440 Confidentiality. The grantee shall agree, and shall ensure that each project sponsor agrees, to ensure the confidentiality of the name of any individual assisted...

  1. 40 CFR 710.38 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 710.38 Section 710.38 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT TSCA CHEMICAL INVENTORY REGULATIONS 2002 Inventory Update Reporting § 710.38 Confidentiality. (a) Any...

  2. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Confidentiality. 403.14 Section 403.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRE-TREAT-MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST-ING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.14 Confidentiality....

  3. 10 CFR 430.75 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality. 430.75 Section 430.75 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Certification and... information or data which the person believes to be confidential and exempt law from public disclosure...

  4. 7 CFR 1206.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1206.62 Section 1206.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  5. 7 CFR 1218.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1218.62 Section 1218.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1218.62 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the...

  6. 7 CFR 1260.203 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1260.203 Section 1260.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Promotion and Research Order Reports, Books and Records § 1260.203 Confidential treatment. All...

  7. 7 CFR 1205.340 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1205.340 Section 1205.340 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Cotton Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1205.340 Confidential treatment....

  8. 7 CFR 1216.62 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1216.62 Section 1216.62 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act, this...

  9. 7 CFR 1230.82 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1230.82 Section 1230.82 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1230.82 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from the books, records or reports required...

  10. 7 CFR 1150.278 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.278 Section 1150.278 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... of Milk Producer Organizations § 1150.278 Confidential treatment. All documents and other...

  11. 7 CFR 1207.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1207.352 Section 1207.352 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan Reports, Books, and Records § 1207.352 Confidential...

  12. 7 CFR 54.1033 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 54.1033 Section 54.1033 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... and Poultry Products § 54.1033 Confidential treatment. Every design review specialist...

  13. 7 CFR 1150.173 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Confidential treatment. 1150.173 Section 1150.173 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Reports, Books and Records § 1150.173 Confidential treatment. All information obtained from...

  14. 7 CFR 1219.63 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1219.63 Section 1219.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 1219.63 Confidential treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports...

  15. 7 CFR 1221.127 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1221.127 Section 1221.127 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Confidential treatment. All information obtained from books, records, or reports under the Act and this...

  16. 7 CFR 1250.354 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1250.354 Section 1250.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Research and Promotion Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1250.354 Confidential treatment. (a)...

  17. 40 CFR 403.14 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Confidentiality. 403.14 Section 403.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRE-TREAT-MENT REGULATIONS FOR EXIST-ING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.14 Confidentiality....

  18. 37 CFR 384.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., for the purpose of performing such duties during the ordinary course of their work require access to... BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT SERVICES § 384.5 Confidential information. (a) Definition. For purposes of this... Information pursuant to paragraph (d) of this section use any Confidential Information for any purpose...

  19. 7 CFR 1280.634 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 1280.634 Section 1280.634 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... persons voting in the referendum and ballots shall be confidential and the contents of the ballots...

  20. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... referral facility, and if the acknowledgement does not reveal that the patient is an alcohol or drug abuser... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be...

  1. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidentiality. 414.13 Section 414.13 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING SAFETY APPROVALS Application Procedures § 414.13 Confidentiality. (a) To...

  2. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality. 414.13 Section 414.13 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING SAFETY APPROVALS Application Procedures § 414.13 Confidentiality. (a) To...

  3. 14 CFR 414.13 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality. 414.13 Section 414.13 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING SAFETY APPROVALS Application Procedures § 414.13 Confidentiality. (a) To...

  4. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section 406.117 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a)...

  5. 14 CFR 406.117 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidential information. 406.117 Section 406.117 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.117 Confidential information. (a)...

  6. 40 CFR 710.38 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT TSCA CHEMICAL INVENTORY REGULATIONS 2002 Inventory Update Reporting § 710.38 Confidentiality. (a) Any person... if the identity of that substance is treated as confidential in the Master Inventory File as of...

  7. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information collected pursuant to the Act will be kept in...

  8. 49 CFR 537.12 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidential information. 537.12 Section 537.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.12 Confidential...

  9. 31 CFR 129.5 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 129.5 Section 129.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance MONETARY OFFICES, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING § 129.5 Confidentiality. (a) Information...

  10. 7 CFR 1280.634 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality. 1280.634 Section 1280.634 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... persons voting in the referendum and ballots shall be confidential and the contents of the ballots...

  11. 10 CFR 431.407 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 431.407 Section 431.407 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT General Provisions § 431.407 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11,...

  12. 10 CFR 431.407 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality. 431.407 Section 431.407 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT General Provisions § 431.407 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11,...

  13. 10 CFR 430.75 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 430.75 Section 430.75 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Certification and Enforcement § 430.75 Confidentiality. Pursuant to the provisions of 10 CFR 1004.11, any person...

  14. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions... place where only alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment, or referral is provided may be acknowledged... facility if the facility is not publicy identified as only an alcohol or drug abuse diagnosis, treatment...

  15. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... only if the patient's written consent is obtained in accordance with subpart C of these regulations or... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions. (a) General. The patient records to which these regulations apply may be disclosed or used only...

  16. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... only if the patient's written consent is obtained in accordance with subpart C of these regulations or... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions. (a) General. The patient records to which these regulations apply may be disclosed or used only...

  17. 42 CFR 2.13 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... only if the patient's written consent is obtained in accordance with subpart C of these regulations or... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.13 Confidentiality restrictions. (a) General. The patient records to which these regulations apply may be disclosed or used only...

  18. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  19. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  20. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  1. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  2. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions of..., confidential disclosure reports filed under this subpart. (b) For penalties and remedial action which apply...

  3. Comparative SEM study of the marginal adaptation of white and grey MTA and Portland cement.

    PubMed

    Bidar, Maryam; Moradi, Saeed; Jafarzadeh, Hamid; Bidad, Salma

    2007-04-01

    The use of a suitable substance that prevents egress of potential contaminants into the periapical tissues is important in endodontic surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the marginal adaptation of three root-end filling materials (white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), grey MTA and Portland cement), using scanning electron microscopy. Seventy-five single-rooted extracted human teeth were used. The canals were instrumented and filled with gutta-percha. Following root-end resection and cavity preparation, root-end cavities were filled with white MTA, grey MTA or Portland cement. Using a diamond saw, roots were longitudinally sectioned into two halves. Under scanning electron microscopy, the gaps between the material and dentinal wall were measured. The data were analysed using Kruskal-Wallis test. The mean of the gap in grey MTA, white MTA and Portland cement was 211.6, 349 and 326.3 microm, respectively. The results indicate that the gap between grey MTA and the dentinal wall is less than other materials, but there was no significant difference between the materials tested in this study (P > 0.05).

  4. The sealing ability of MTA apical plugs exposed to a phosphate-buffered saline

    PubMed Central

    de ALMEIDA, Josiane; ALVES, Ana Maria Hecke; de MELO, Roberto Ferreira; FELIPPE, Mara Cristina Santos; BORTOLUZZI, Eduardo Antunes; TEIXEIRA, Cleonice da Silveira; FELIPPE, Wilson Tadeu

    2013-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of exposure of the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) - with and without calcium chloride (CaCl2) - to phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) on the apical microleakage using a glucose leakage system. Material and Methods Sixty root segments were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n=15). After resecting the apical segments and enlarging the canals with Gates-Glidden drills, the apical cavities were filled with MTA with or without CaCl2 and the root canals were dressed with a moistened cotton pellet or PBS, as follows: 1) MTA/cotton pellet; 2) MTA/PBS; 3) MTA+10%CaCl2/cotton pellet; 4) MTA+10%CaCl2/PBS. All root segments were introduced in floral foams moistened with PBS. After 2 months, all root segments were prepared to evaluate the glucose leakage along the apical plugs. The amount of glucose leakage was measured following an enzymatic reaction and quantified by a spectrophotometer. Four roots were used as controls. The data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results There were no differences between groups 1 and 2 (p>0.05), and 3 and 4 (p>0.05). The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA significantly decreased its sealing ability (p<0.05). Conclusion The interaction with PBS did not improve the MTA sealing ability. The addition of CaCl2 to the MTA negatively influenced the apical seal. PMID:24037073

  5. Stimulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide by Hepatitis B Virus Transactivator Protein HBx Requires MTA1 Coregulator*

    PubMed Central

    Bui-Nguyen, Tri M.; Pakala, Suresh B.; Sirigiri, Divijendranatha Reddy; Martin, Emil; Murad, Ferid; Kumar, Rakesh

    2010-01-01

    Nitric oxide has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders, including hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. Transactivator protein HBx, a major regulator of cellular responses of hepatitis B virus, is known to induce the expression of MTA1 (metastasis-associated protein 1) coregulator via NF-κB signaling in hepatic cells. However, the underlying mechanism of HBx regulation of the inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) pathway remains unknown. Here we provide evidence that MTA1 is a positive regulator of iNOS transcription and plays a mechanistic role in HBx stimulation of iNOS expression and activity. We found that the HBx-MTA1 complex is recruited onto the human iNOS promoter in an NF-κB-dependent manner. Pharmacological inhibition of the NF-κB signaling prevented the ability of HBx to stimulate the transcription, the expression, and the activity of iNOS; nevertheless, these effects could be substantially rescued by MTA1 dysregulation. We further discovered that HBx-mediated stimulation of MTA1 is paralleled by the suppression of miR-661, a member of the small noncoding RNAs, recently shown to target MTA1. We observed that miR-661 controls of MTA1 expression contributed to the expression and activity of iNOS in HBx-expressing HepG2 cells. Accordingly, depletion of MTA1 by either miR-661 or siRNA in HBx-expressing cells severely impaired the ability of HBx to modulate the endogenous levels of iNOS and nitrite production. Together, these findings reveal an inherent role of MTA1 in HBx regulation of iNOS expression and consequently its function in the liver cancer cells. PMID:20022949

  6. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6 Section... Miscellaneous § 201.6 Confidential business information. (a) Definitions—(1) Confidential business information... “confidential business information” includes “proprietary information” within the meaning of section 777(b)...

  7. 40 CFR 85.1712 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... and Motor Vehicle Engines § 85.1712 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any person or... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must...

  8. 40 CFR 86.1116-87 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Vehicles, Including Light-Duty Trucks § 86.1116-87 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any... confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part 2, subpart B. (b) Any claim of confidentiality must...

  9. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6 Section... Miscellaneous § 201.6 Confidential business information. (a) Definitions—(1) Confidential business information... “confidential business information” includes “proprietary information” within the meaning of section 777(b)...

  10. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6 Section... Miscellaneous § 201.6 Confidential business information. (a) Definitions. (1) Confidential business information... “confidential business information” includes “proprietary information” within the meaning of section 777(b)...

  11. 49 CFR 209.11 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for confidential treatment. 209.11 Section... confidential treatment. (a) This section governs the procedures for requesting confidential treatment of any... confidential treatment with respect to a document or portion thereof may be made on the basis that...

  12. Proposal for high pressure RF cavity test in the MTA

    SciTech Connect

    Yonehara, K.; /Fermilab

    2010-09-01

    In order to demonstrate the feasibility of high pressure hydrogen gas filled RF (HPRF) cavities for muon ionization cooling, an HPRF cavity must be tested with a high intensity charged beam. When an HPRF cavity is irradiated with an intense beam each incident particle generates about 1000 electrons and ions per cubic centimeter in a high pressure cavity via ionization. These ionization electrons are influenced by the RF field and the RF quality factor goes down. This Q factor reduction will be a problem with a multi bunch beam, e.g., a muon beam for a muon collider consists of a 12 to 20 bunch train beam with 5 ns timing gap. Thus, the RF field must recover in few nano seconds. We propose to use a 400 MeV proton beam in the MTA and measure a beam loading effect in the HPRF cavity and study the recovery mechanism of the RF field.

  13. Comparison of sealing ability of ProRoot MTA, RetroMTA, and Biodentine as furcation repair materials: An ultraviolet spectrophotometric analysis

    PubMed Central

    Sinkar, Roshan Chandrakant; Patil, Sanjay S; Jogad, Nitin P; Gade, Vandana J

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the sealing ability of ProRooT MTA, RetroMTA, and Biodentine as furcation repair materials using dye extraction leakage method. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the material used for perforation repair. Group I — ProRoot MTA (10 samples), Group II — RetroMTA (10 samples), Group III — Biodentine (10 samples), and Group IV (Control) — left unrepaired (5 samples). All samples were subjected to orthograde and retrograde Methylene blue dye challenge followed by dye extraction with concentration 65% nitric acid. Samples were then analyzed using ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer using 550 nm wave lengths. Statistical Analysis: One-way analysis of variance, Tukey-Kramer multiple comparisons test. Results: Biodentine showed least dye absorbance while RetroMTA showed highest dye absorbance values when compared with other repair materials. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was observed that Biodentine showed better sealing ability when compared with other root repair materials. PMID:26752836

  14. What do Islamic institutional fatwas say about medical and research confidentiality and breach of confidentiality?

    PubMed

    Alahmad, Ghiath; Dierickx, Kris

    2012-08-01

    Protecting confidentiality is an essential value in all human relationships, no less in medical practice and research.(1) Doctor-patient and researcher-participant relationships are built on trust and on the understanding those patients' secrets will not be disclosed.(2) However, this confidentiality can be breached in some situations where it is necessary to meet a strong conflicting duty.(3) Confidentiality, in a general sense, has received much interest in Islamic resources including the Qur'an, Sunnah and juristic writings. However, medical and research confidentiality have not been explored deeply. There are few fatwas about the issue, despite an increased effort by both individuals and Islamic medical organizations to use these institutional fatwas in their research. Infringements on confidentiality make up a significant portion of institutional fatwas, yet they have never been thoroughly investigated. Moreover, the efforts of organizations and authors in this regard still require further exploration, especially on the issue of research confidentiality. In this article, we explore medical and research confidentiality and potential conflicts with this practice as a result of fatwas released by international, regional, and national Islamic Sunni juristic councils. We discuss how these fatwas affect research and publication by Muslim doctors, researchers, and Islamic medical organizations. We argue that more specialized fatwas are needed to clarify Islamic juristic views about medical and research confidentiality, especially the circumstances in which infringements on this confidentiality are justified.

  15. 15 CFR 285.2 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ACCREDITATION AND ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS NATIONAL VOLUNTARY LABORATORY ACCREDITATION PROGRAM § 285.2 Confidentiality. To the extent permitted by applicable laws, NVLAP... assessment, proficiency testing, evaluation, and accreditation of laboratories....

  16. 40 CFR 710.58 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... linkage of the site with a reportable chemical is confidential and not publicly available. The following... Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)? If so, identify all such schemes. Was the linkage claimed...

  17. 46 CFR 502.405 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... confidentiality in federal proceedings published by the Interagency ADR Working Group and adopted by the ADR... cooperation with other agencies, governmental entities, or dispute resolution programs, so long as the...

  18. 40 CFR 790.7 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... words “confidential business information,” “trade secret,” or another appropriate phrase indicating its... processes used in the manufacture or processing of a chemical substance or mixture? Describe how this...

  19. 42 CFR 51c.110 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... not be divulged without the individual's consent except as may be required by law or as may be... designee with appropriate safeguards for confidentiality of patient records. Otherwise, information may...

  20. 42 CFR 56.111 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... not be divulged without the individual's consent except as may be required by law or as may be... designee with appropriate safeguards for confidentiality of patient records. Otherwise, information may...

  1. 42 CFR 56.111 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... not be divulged without the individual's consent except as may be required by law or as may be... designee with appropriate safeguards for confidentiality of patient records. Otherwise, information may...

  2. 42 CFR 51c.110 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... not be divulged without the individual's consent except as may be required by law or as may be... designee with appropriate safeguards for confidentiality of patient records. Otherwise, information may...

  3. Long-Term Cytotoxicity, pH and Dissolution Rate of AH Plus and MTA Fillapex.

    PubMed

    Silva, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal da; Accorsi-Mendonça, Thais; Pedrosa, Ana Carolina; Granjeiro, José Mauro; Zaia, Alexandre A

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to verify the long-term cytotoxic effects of the MTA Fillapex and to compare them with AH Plus. Dissolution rate and pH were also evaluated. Human osteoblast cells were incubated with elutes of fresh specimens from AH Plus and MTA Fillapex, and with elutes of the same specimens for 4 successive weeks. Elute's pH was evaluated at each time point. A multiparametric cell viability assay was performed. For dissolution rate, ISO methodology was used. The results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, complemented with the Tukey post-test (p<0.05). No significant difference was found among the materials when fresh mixed (p>0.05). After 1 week, AH Plus became non-cytotoxic on all three evaluated parameters. Conversely, MTA Fillapex remained severely and mildly cytotoxic over the entire experimental period (p<0.05). The dissolution rate of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at all time points (p>0.05). The pH of AH Plus was significantly lower than MTA Fillapex at the second and third week (p<0.05). In the other tested time points no statistical difference was observed. In conclusion, MTA Fillapex remained cytotoxic after 4 weeks and its cytotoxicity may be related to the high dissolution rate of this material.

  4. Comparison of Skin Reaction between MTA (Produced in Iran) and CEM in Rabbit.

    PubMed

    Shokravi, Marziyeh; Tabarsi, Bahareh; Moghaddamnia, Aliakbar; Sohanfaraji, Alieh; Pourghasem, Mohsen

    2012-01-01

    Pathological changes in pulp and periapical tissues are addressed by endodontic treatment. The material used in this treatment must be biocompatible. The aim of this study is to compare the skin reaction of Calcium Enriched Mixture (CEM) and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) produced in Iran on rabbit. Sixteen male newzeland albino rabbits weighting 2 kg were used. The animals back hair was shaved, 24 hours before application of each material. The material was applied on two sites (2 × 2 cm) while the third site was used as control. All sites were covered by gauze and bandaged for 4 hours. Then the material's remnants were washed off the sites of application. Observations were performed in 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after removing the materials. Erythematous surface areas were measured by the morphometric method. After sacrificing animals the skins were dissected and the specimens were prepared for histological evaluation. There were significant differences between CEM and MTA in erythematous surface areas at 1, 24 and 48 hours after removing the materials (p<0.05). However there was no significant difference at 72 hours after removing the materials. Data showed significant differences in counted cells between MTA and control sample (p=0.0001) and between MTA and CEM (p=0.035). There was no significant difference between control and CEM (p>0.05). The average erythematous surface areas were wider in MTA sites than CEM sites. As a conclusion it seems that biocompatibility of CEM could be more than MTA.

  5. 7 CFR 400.702 - Confidentiality of submission and duration of confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... considered confidential commercial or financial information for purposes of 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4) and will not... approval process, may be released to the public, including any mathematical modeling and data, unless it... Board will remain confidential commercial or financial information in accordance with 5 U.S.C....

  6. 13 CFR 120.1060 - Confidentiality of Reports, Risk Ratings and related Confidential Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality of Reports, Risk Ratings and related Confidential Information. 120.1060 Section 120.1060 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Risk-Based Lender Oversight Supervision §...

  7. An Evaluation of MTA Cements as Coronal Barrier

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadi, Zahed; Khademi, Abbasali

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Coronal leakage seems to play an important role in the failure of endodontic treatment. A double seal over root canal filling has been suggested as a means of improving the coronal seal. Several restorative materials have been used in an attempt to produce a coronal barrier. The purpose of this study was to assess gray-coloured mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA), white-coloured mineral trioxide aggregate MTA (WMTA), and Principle (a resin-modified glass ionomer) as coronal barriers to bacterial leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one human anterior teeth were cleaned and obturated with gutta-percha and sealer. In group 1, teeth received a 3 mm barrier of GMTA. In groups 2 and 3, samples received WMTA and Principle, respectively. Obturated teeth without barrier were used as positive control and obturated teeth covered with epoxy resin were used as negative control. A leakage model utilizing Enterococcus faecalis used for the evaluation. Leakage was recorded when turbidity was observed. RESULTS: All controls behaved as expected. Three samples in group 1, three samples in group 2, and four samples leaked in group 3. There was no statistically significant difference in leakage between GMTA and WMTA or between GMTA and Principle. CONCLUSION: It seems that GMTA, WMTA and Principle can be recommended as a coronal barrier for up to 90 days. PMID:24454453

  8. Comparative evaluation of push-out bond strength of ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, and MTA Plus in furcation perforation repair

    PubMed Central

    Aggarwal, Vivek; Singla, Mamta; Miglani, Sanjay; Kohli, Sarita

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Few studies have comparatively evaluated the push-out bond strength of different calcium silicate–based materials (CSMs) used in furcal perforation repair. The objective of this in vitro study was to comparatively evaluate the push-out bond strength of commercially available CSMs used as furcation repair materials, in the presence of blood contamination. Materials and Methods: Furcal perforations were made in 120 molars and were divided on the basis of the repair material used (ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, and MTA Plus), blood contamination, and duration of setting time (24 h vs. 7 days). Push-out bond strength was measured and analyzed by three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Results: Push-out bond strength increased with time. The 24-h push-out strength of MTA was less than that of Biodentine. Blood contamination affected the push-out bond strength of MTA Plus irrespective of the setting time. Conclusion: Caution should be taken while condensing restorative materials over furcation repair materials. PMID:24082579

  9. Interaction of dental pulp stem cells with Biodentine and MTA after exposure to different environments

    PubMed Central

    Agrafioti, Anastasia; Taraslia, Vasiliki; Chrepa, Vanessa; Lymperi, Stefania; Panopoulos, Panos; Anastasiadou, Ema; Kontakiotis, Evangelos G.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic effects of Biodentine and MTA on dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and to assess cell viability and adherence after material exposure to an acidic environment. Material and Methods: DPSCs were cultured either alone or in contact with either: Biodentine; MTA set for 1 hour; or MTA set for 24 hours. After 4 and 7 days, cell viability was measured using the MTT assay. Biodentine and MTA were also prepared and packed into standardized bovine dentin disks and divided into three groups according to the storage media (n=6/group): freshly mixed materials without storage medium (Group A); materials stored in saline (Group B); materials stored in citric acid buffered at pH 5.4 (Group C). After 24 hours, DPSCs were introduced in the wells and cell adherence, viability, and cellular morphology were observed via confocal microscopy after three days of culture. Cell viability was analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance test with Tukey's post hoc tests (α=0.05). Results: Biodentine expressed significantly higher cell viability compared with all other groups after 4 days, with no differences after 7 days. Notably, cell viability was significantly greater in 24-hour set MTA compared with 1-hour set MTA and control groups after 7 days. Material exposure to an acidic environment showed an increase in cell adherence and viability in both groups. Conclusions: Biodentine induced a significantly accelerated cell proliferation compared with MTA. Setting of these materials in the presence of citric acid enhanced DPSC viability and adherence. PMID:27812618

  10. 40 CFR 82.182 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Significant New Alternatives Policy Program § 82.182... confidential where such data are also submitted under TSCA or FIFRA, to the extent that confidential...

  11. 29 CFR 90.33 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... person and are privileged or confidential, as set forth in 5 U.S.C. 552(b) and 29 CFR part 70. (b... confidential shall be submitted on separate sheets each clearly marked at the top, “Business...

  12. 36 CFR 290.4 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CAVE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT § 290.4 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information... harm, theft, or destruction to cave resources. (b) Requesting confidential information. Notwithstanding... Federal or State governmental agencies, bona fide educational or research institutes, or individuals...

  13. The History of Confidentiality in Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Higgins, Gerald L.

    1989-01-01

    The author of this article reviews the history of the confidentiality of medical information relating to patients from its roots in the Hippocratic Oath to the current codes of medical ethics. There has been an important shift in the basis for the demand for confidentiality, from a physician-based commitment to a professional ideal that will improve the physician-patient relationship and thus the physician's therapeutic effectiveness, and replace it with a patientbased right arising from individual autonomy instead of a Hippocratic paternalistic privilege. PMID:11650274

  14. Sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) combined with distilled water, chlorhexidine, and doxycycline.

    PubMed

    Arruda, Roberta A A; Cunha, Rodrigo S; Miguita, Kenner B; Silveira, Cláudia F M; De Martin, Alexandre S; Pinheiro, Sérgio L; Rocha, Daniel G P; Bueno, Carlos E S

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA Bio) combined with different mixing agents (distilled water, chlorhexidine, doxycycline), used as an apical root-end filling material. Forty-two extracted human teeth were divided into three groups (n = 12); six teeth were used as controls. Root-ends were resected at 90 degrees, 3 mm from the apex. Root-end cavities were prepared using ultrasonic tips and filled with MTA Bio plus distilled water, 2% chlorhexidine solution, or 10% doxycycline solution. Apical sealing was assessed by microleakage of 50% silver nitrate solution. Roots were longitudinally sectioned in a buccolingual plane and analyzed using an operating microscope (20× magnification). Depth of dye leakage into the dentinal walls was measured in millimeters. Results were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (P = 0.05). MTA Bio plus distilled water showed significantly higher mean leakage results (1.06 mm) when compared with MTA Bio plus doxycycline (0.61 mm), and higher, although not significant, results when compared with MTA Bio plus chlorhexidine (0.79 mm). In conclusion, replacing distilled water with two biologically active mixing agents (doxycycline and chlorhexidine) did not alter the sealing properties of MTABio. The antimicrobial properties of these combinations should be further investigated.

  15. MTA apical barrier: In vitro study of the use of ultrasonic vibration

    PubMed Central

    Escribano-Escrivá, Begona; Manzano-Saiz, Alberto; Giner-Lluesma, Teresa; Collado-Castellanos, Nicolás; Muwaquet-Rodríguez, Susana

    2016-01-01

    Background The apexification is the first alternative treatment on a permanent tooth when, after a tooth trauma and in the presence of immature apex trauma, pulp necrosis occurs. Many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as apical sealing material of choice in these cases, but has a degree of filtration as all other materials. The objective of this study was to analyze the seal ability of MTA on the duct walls in immature teeth unirradicular apexes, using indirect vibration. Material and Methods The study was conducted on 45 teeth divided into 3 groups: Group A or control group in which no vibration for placing the MTA was used, Group B and C or groups where indirect vibration analysis was used. All samples were immersed in methylene blue to assess filtration. After performing longitudinal cuts millimetric measuring were made of the degree of filtration, divided into 3 degrees (2mm each grade filtration). Results Results obtained confirm our hypothesis, obtaining lesser degree of filtration those groups in which indirect vibration (Groups B and C) was performed. It was shown that the degree of filtration is closely linked to the degree of adaptation. Conclusions MTA vibration offers better results in its adaptation to the canal walls, significantly reducing the degree of filtration. Key words:Apexification, MTA, filtration, indirect vibration. PMID:27398184

  16. Radiopacity evaluation of Portland and MTA-based cements by digital radiographic system

    PubMed Central

    BORGES, Alvaro Henrique; PEDRO, Fabio Luiz Miranda; SEMANOFF-SEGUNDO, Alex; MIRANDA, Carlos Eduardo Saraiva; PÉCORA, Jesus Djalma; CRUZ FILHO, Antônio Miranda

    2011-01-01

    Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radiopacity of Portland and MTA-based cements using the Digora TM digital radiographic system. Material and Methods The performed tests followed specification number 57 from the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (2000) for endodontic sealing materials. The materials were placed in 5 acrylic plates, especially designed for this experiment, along with a graduated aluminum stepwedge varying from 1 to 10 mm in thickness. The set was radiographed at a 30 cm focus-object distance and with 0.2 s exposure time. After the radiographs were taken, the optical laser readings of radiographs were performed by Digora TM system. Five radiographic density readings were performed for each studied material and for each step of the aluminum scale. Results White ProRoot MTA (155.99±8.04), gray ProRoot MTA (155.96±16.30) and MTA BIO (143.13±16.94) presented higher radiopacity values (p<0.05), while white non-structural Portland (119.76±22.34), gray Portland (109.71±4.90) and white structural Portland (99.59±12.88) presented lower radiopacity values (p<0.05). Conclusions It was concluded that MTA-based cements were the only materials presenting radiopacity within the ANSI/ADA specifications. PMID:21625738

  17. Expression, purification and characterization of the human MTA2-RBBP7 complex.

    PubMed

    Brasen, Christoffer; Dorosz, Jerzy; Wiuf, Anders; Boesen, Thomas; Mirza, Osman; Gajhede, Michael

    2017-02-04

    The repressive Nucleosome Remodeling and histone Deacetylation (NuRD) complex remodels the chromatin structure by coupling ATP-dependent remodeling activity with histone deacetylase function and plays important roles in regulating gene transcription, DNA damage repair and chromatin assembly. The complex is composed of six subunits: Metastasis Associated proteins MTA1/2/3 initially recruit histone chaperones RBBP4/7 followed by the histone deacetylases HDAC1/2 forming a core complex. Further association of the CpG-binding protein MBD2/3, p66α/β and the ATP-dependent helicase CDH3/4 constitutes the NuRD complex. Recent structural studies on truncated human proteins or orthologous have revealed that the stoichiometry of the MTA1-RBBP4 complex is 2:4. This study reports expression and purification of the intact human MTA2-RBBP7 complex using HEK293F cells as expression system. In analogy with findings on the Drosophila NuRD complex, we find that also the human MTA-RBBP can be isolated in vitro. Taken together with previous findings this suggests, that MTA-RBBP is a stable complex, with a central role in the initial assembly of the human NuRD complex. Refined 3D volumes of the complex generated from negative stain electron microscopy (EM) data reveals an elongated architecture that is capable of hinge like motion around the center of the particle.

  18. Bioactive materials improve some physical properties of a MTA-like cement.

    PubMed

    Flores-Ledesma, A; Barceló Santana, F; Bucio, L; Arenas-Alatorre, J A; Faraji, M; Wintergerst, A M

    2017-02-01

    One of the main disadvantages of MTA is its long setting time which could result in higher solubility and microleakage, producing a failed treatment. Studies have shown that the addition of bioactive glass may decrease the setting time. The aim of this study is to evaluate the compressive strength, setting time, solubility and radiopacity of a MTAlike experimental cement to which different percentage of wollastonite and bioactive glass are added. White MTA Angelus® was used as control; an experimental MTA-like cement (ExpC) was prepared using white Portland cement with 20wt% of Bi2O3; three wollastonite cement composites were prepared adding 10, 20 and 30wt% of wollastonite to ExpC, and three more adding the same proportions of bioactive glass. Compressive strength was tested according to ADA 30; radiopacity, setting time and solubility were tested according to ISO 6876. SEM observations of the surface were made after the solubility test. Compressive strength, setting time, solubility and radiopacity were reduced as the wollastonite increased; solubility increased with the addition of bioactive glass. The surfaces of MTA Angelus® and ExpC were smoother than Wollastonite and Bioactive glass groups. Addition of wollastonite and bioactive glass improved the physical properties of a MTA-like experimental cement, reducing the setting time with good solubility percentages, which would be an advantage in its clinical use.

  19. Antimicrobial activity of ProRoot MTA in contact with blood

    PubMed Central

    Farrugia, C.; Baca, P.; Camilleri, J.; Arias Moliz, M. T.

    2017-01-01

    Dental materials based on Portland cement, which is used in the construction industry have gained popularity for clinical use due to their hydraulic properties, the interaction with tooth tissue and their antimicrobial properties. The antimicrobial properties are optimal in vitro. However in clinical use contact with blood may affect the antimicrobial properties. This study aims to assess whether antimicrobial properties of the Portland cement-based dental cements such as mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) are also affected by contact with blood present in clinical situations. ProRoot MTA, a Portland cement-based dental cement was characterized following contact with water, or heparinized blood after 1 day and 7 days aging. The antimicrobial activity under the mentioned conditions was assessed using 3 antimicrobial tests: agar diffusion test, direct contact test and intratubular infection test. MTA in contact with blood was severely discoloured, exhibited an additional phosphorus peak in elemental analysis, no calcium hydroxide peaks and no areas of bacterial inhibition growth in the agar diffusion test were demonstrated. ProRoot MTA showed limited antimicrobial activity, in both the direct contact test and intratubular infection test. When aged in water ProRoot MTA showed higher antimicrobial activity than when aged in blood. Antimicrobial activity reduced significantly after 7 days. Further assessment is required to investigate behaviour in clinical situations. PMID:28128328

  20. Interface Between MTA and Dental Bonding Agents: Scanning Electron Microscope Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Cervino, Gabriele; Fiorillo, Luca; Spagnuolo, Gianrico; Bramanti, Ennio; Laino, Luigi; Lauritano, Floriana; Cicciù, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Aims and Objectives: Nowadays, the material that offers the best sealing characteristic in the field of endodontic treatment is the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), nevertheless, this material necessities an adhesive bonding agent to perfectly join to the dental surface. The aim of this study was to analyze using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) the possible microgap between the adhesive, MTA, and the dental surface. Material and Methods: Fourteen extracted molars were divided into two groups – group A was prepared with MTA-component adhesive and group B was prepared with MTA and composite dual etching. The observations were carried out with a SEM Phenom G2 Pro mode S.E.I. JMP® software was used for statistical analysis, and a t-test was used for evaluating the difference between the two groups. Results: The gap of the areas at higher magnification (1000×) with a size greater than 5 microns in width and 20 microns in length were considered significant, and only group A recorded significant data. Conclusions: The SEM analysis performed in the group A with interposition of adhesive and flow between the dental pulp chamber and MTA demonstrates the presence of a marginal gap of considerable amplitude in the all of the samples investigated. PMID:28316952

  1. Comparative Analysis of Selected Physicochemical Properties of Pozzolan Portland and MTA-Based Cements.

    PubMed

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Semenoff-Segundo, Alex; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    Physicochemical properties of pozzolan Portland cement were compared to ProRoot MTA and MTA BIO. To test the pH, the samples were immersed in distilled water for different periods of time. After the pH analysis, the sample was retained in the plastic recipient, and the electrical conductivity of the solution was measured. The solubility and radiopacity properties were evaluated according to specification 57 of the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA). The statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and Tukey's test at a 5% level of significance. Pozzolan Portland cement exhibited pH and electrical conductivity mean values similar to those of the MTA-based cements. The solubilities of all tested materials were in accordance with the ANSI/ADA standards. Only the MTA-based cements met the ANSI/ADA recommendations for radiopacity. It might be concluded that the pH and electrical conductivity of pozzolan Portland cement are similar to and comparable to those of MTA-based cements.

  2. Comparative Analysis of Selected Physicochemical Properties of Pozzolan Portland and MTA-Based Cements

    PubMed Central

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Aranha, Andreza Maria Fábio; Semenoff-Segundo, Alex; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    Physicochemical properties of pozzolan Portland cement were compared to ProRoot MTA and MTA BIO. To test the pH, the samples were immersed in distilled water for different periods of time. After the pH analysis, the sample was retained in the plastic recipient, and the electrical conductivity of the solution was measured. The solubility and radiopacity properties were evaluated according to specification 57 of the American National Standard Institute/American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA). The statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and Tukey's test at a 5% level of significance. Pozzolan Portland cement exhibited pH and electrical conductivity mean values similar to those of the MTA-based cements. The solubilities of all tested materials were in accordance with the ANSI/ADA standards. Only the MTA-based cements met the ANSI/ADA recommendations for radiopacity. It might be concluded that the pH and electrical conductivity of pozzolan Portland cement are similar to and comparable to those of MTA-based cements. PMID:27437473

  3. Microscopic analysis of the quality of obturation and physical properties of MTA Fillapex.

    PubMed

    Amoroso-Silva, Pablo Andrés; Guimarães, Bruno Martini; Marciano, Marina Angélica; Duarte, Marco Antonio Hungaro; Cavenago, Bruno Cavalini; Ordinola-Zapata, Ronald; Almeida, Marcela Milanezi de; Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes de

    2014-12-01

    This study analyzed the quality of obturation and physical properties of MTA Fillapex and AH Plus sealer. A sample of 30 human maxillary central incisors were instrumented with Protaper until a F5 (50/05) file. Both sealers were mixed with Rhodamine-B dye to allow visualization on a confocal laser-scanning microscope (CLSM). Next, the canals were filled using the single cone technique. After setting, all samples were sectioned at 2, 4, and 6 mm from the apex. CLSM was used to analyze the gaps and sealer penetration into the dentinal tubules. All samples were scanned 10 µm below the dentin surface and images were recorded at 100× magnification using the fluorescent mode. Additionally, the solubility, flowability and setting time of the sealers were evaluated. All the measured quantities of the examined materials were evaluated for significant differences by means of statistical analysis. The CLSM analysis of the MTA Fillapex showed the highest percentage of gaps at all sections (P = 0.0001). Physical tests revealed adequate properties for both sealers except for a higher solubility of the MTA Fillapex (P = 0.0001). The MTA Fillapex presented flowability and intratubular penetration similar to the AH Plus. Nevertheless, the MTA Fillapex sealer presented a higher solubility and considerable quantity of gaps between the sealer/dentin interface in relation to the AH Plus sealer. Clinicians must take into consideration, the quality of endodontic sealers as it is essential in the outcome of the root canal filling.

  4. Antimicrobial activity of ProRoot MTA in contact with blood.

    PubMed

    Farrugia, C; Baca, P; Camilleri, J; Arias Moliz, M T

    2017-01-27

    Dental materials based on Portland cement, which is used in the construction industry have gained popularity for clinical use due to their hydraulic properties, the interaction with tooth tissue and their antimicrobial properties. The antimicrobial properties are optimal in vitro. However in clinical use contact with blood may affect the antimicrobial properties. This study aims to assess whether antimicrobial properties of the Portland cement-based dental cements such as mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) are also affected by contact with blood present in clinical situations. ProRoot MTA, a Portland cement-based dental cement was characterized following contact with water, or heparinized blood after 1 day and 7 days aging. The antimicrobial activity under the mentioned conditions was assessed using 3 antimicrobial tests: agar diffusion test, direct contact test and intratubular infection test. MTA in contact with blood was severely discoloured, exhibited an additional phosphorus peak in elemental analysis, no calcium hydroxide peaks and no areas of bacterial inhibition growth in the agar diffusion test were demonstrated. ProRoot MTA showed limited antimicrobial activity, in both the direct contact test and intratubular infection test. When aged in water ProRoot MTA showed higher antimicrobial activity than when aged in blood. Antimicrobial activity reduced significantly after 7 days. Further assessment is required to investigate behaviour in clinical situations.

  5. Comparison of Marginal Adaptation of MTA and CEM Cement Apical Plugs in Three Different Media

    PubMed Central

    Ayatollahi, Fatemeh; Tabrizizadeh, Mahdi; Zare Bidoki, Fatemeh; Ayatollahi, Reza; Hazeri Baqdad Abad, Milad

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the marginal adaptation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium-enriched mixture(CEM) cement apical plugs in open apex teeth in dry, blood- and saliva-contaminated canals. Methods and Materials: A total of 120 human extracted single-rooted teeth were used. The teeth were decoronated and canals were cleaned and shaped up to #80 K-Files. After simulating open apex condition, samples were randomly divided into two groups (Group 1: MTA plug and group 2 CEM cement plug) and each group was then further divided into 3 subgroups (dry canal, blood- and saliva-contaminated canals). MTA and CEM cement apical plugs were placed into the canal. After full setting of apical plug, immediate marginal adaptation of the samples was assessed by electronic microscope. The data were analyzed using the two-way analysis of variance. Results: There was no statistically difference between the average marginal gap in MTA and CEM cement groups in three different conditions. The average gap in dry canal was significantly lower than canal contaminated with blood and saliva. Conclusion: It seems that marginal adaptations of MTA and CEM apical plug was not significantly different in various conditions and the two materials can be used successfully in this method. PMID:27790266

  6. Comparison of CaOH with MTA for Direct Pulp Capping

    PubMed Central

    Hilton, T.J.; Ferracane, J.L.; Mancl, L.; Baltuck, C.

    2013-01-01

    This practice-based, randomized clinical trial evaluated and compared the success of direct pulp capping in permanent teeth with MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) or CaOH (calcium hydroxide). Thirty-five practices in Northwest PRECEDENT were randomized to perform direct pulp caps with either CaOH (16 practices) or MTA (19 practices). Three hundred seventy-six individuals received a direct pulp cap with CaOH (n = 181) or MTA (n = 195). They were followed for up to 2 yrs at regular recall appointments, or as dictated by tooth symptoms. The primary outcomes were the need for extraction or root canal therapy. Teeth were also evaluated for pulp vitality, and radiographs were taken at the dentist’s discretion. The probability of failure at 24 mos was 31.5% for CaOH vs. 19.7% for MTA (permutation log-rank test, p = .046). This large randomized clinical trial provided confirmatory evidence for a superior performance with MTA as a direct pulp-capping agent as compared with CaOH when evaluated in a practice-based research network for up to 2 yrs (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00812887). PMID:23690353

  7. Effect of MTA and Portland Cement on Fracture Resistance of Dentin.

    PubMed

    Forghani, Maryam; Bidar, Maryam; Shahrami, Fatemeh; Bagheri, Mahmoud; Mohammadi, Maryam; Attaran Mashhadi, Niloufar

    2013-01-01

    Background and aims. It is important to evaluate the effects of endodontic materials on tooth structures to avoid endodontic treatment failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregates (MTA) and Portland cement (PC) on fracture resistance of dentin. Materials and methods. Thirty-six freshly extracted human single-rooted premolar teeth were selected. The crowns were removed and the roots were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. The root samples were longitudinally divided into two halves and a dentin bar (2×2×10 mm) was cut from each root section for short-term (2weeks) and long-term (12 weeks) evaluations. The root sections in the experimental groups were exposed to MTA or PC, while keeping the control group specimens in physiologic saline. The fracture resistance of each specimen was measured using an Instron testing machine. The results were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, a post hoc Tukey test and paired t-test at 5% significance level. Results. The fracture resistance of MTA-treated specimens significantly increased between 2 and 12 weeks (P<0.05). After 12 weeks, MTA-treated specimens had the highest fracture resistance. In the PC group, the fracture resistance of specimens did not change significantly over time (P>0.05). Conclusion. The results showed that MTA increased the fracture resistance of root dentin, while PC had no significant effect on dentin fracture resistance.

  8. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4... TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of data. The electronic data received and exchanged by a service bureau shall be considered confidential,...

  9. 42 CFR 493.1231 - Standard: Confidentiality of patient information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Confidentiality of patient information... Nonwaived Testing General Laboratory Systems § 493.1231 Standard: Confidentiality of patient information. The laboratory must ensure confidentiality of patient information throughout all phases of the...

  10. 42 CFR 493.1231 - Standard: Confidentiality of patient information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Standard: Confidentiality of patient information... Nonwaived Testing General Laboratory Systems § 493.1231 Standard: Confidentiality of patient information. The laboratory must ensure confidentiality of patient information throughout all phases of the...

  11. 22 CFR 130.15 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., confidential business information means commercial or financial information which by law is entitled to... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential business information. 130.15... CONTRIBUTIONS, FEES AND COMMISSIONS § 130.15 Confidential business information. (a) Any person who is...

  12. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  13. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  14. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  16. 26 CFR 301.6111-2 - Confidential corporate tax shelters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential corporate tax shelters. 301.6111-2....6111-2 Confidential corporate tax shelters. (a) In general. (1) Under section 6111(d) and this section, a confidential corporate tax shelter is treated as a tax shelter subject to the requirements...

  17. 22 CFR 1304.7 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Confidential commercial information. 1304.7... § 1304.7 Confidential commercial information. (a) Notice to submitters. The FOIA Officer shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide a submitter who provides confidential commercial information to the...

  18. 5 CFR 294.112 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential commercial information. 294... § 294.112 Confidential commercial information. (a) In general, OPM will not disclose confidential commercial information in response to a Freedom of Information Act request except in accordance with...

  19. 5 CFR 294.112 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential commercial information. 294... § 294.112 Confidential commercial information. (a) In general, OPM will not disclose confidential commercial information in response to a Freedom of Information Act request except in accordance with...

  20. 25 CFR 517.7 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential commercial information. 517.7 Section 517.7... INFORMATION ACT PROCEDURES § 517.7 Confidential commercial information. (a) Notice to submitters. The FOIA Officer shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide a submitter who provides confidential...

  1. 22 CFR 1304.7 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Confidential commercial information. 1304.7... § 1304.7 Confidential commercial information. (a) Notice to submitters. The FOIA Officer shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide a submitter who provides confidential commercial information to the...

  2. 25 CFR 517.7 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential commercial information. 517.7 Section 517.7... INFORMATION ACT PROCEDURES § 517.7 Confidential commercial information. (a) Notice to submitters. The FOIA Officer shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide a submitter who provides confidential...

  3. 14 CFR 121.905 - Confidential commercial information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential commercial information. 121... Confidential commercial information. (a) Each certificate holder that claims that AQP information or data it is... confidential commercial information as described in 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4), and should be withheld from...

  4. 12 CFR 978.5 - Storage of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Storage of confidential information. 978.5... OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES BANK REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION § 978.5 Storage of confidential information. Each Bank shall: (a) Store all identified confidential information in secure storage areas or...

  5. 12 CFR 978.5 - Storage of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Storage of confidential information. 978.5... OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES BANK REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION § 978.5 Storage of confidential information. Each Bank shall: (a) Store all identified confidential information in secure storage areas or...

  6. 40 CFR 86.615-84 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information....615-84 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this subpart is entitled to confidential treatment as provided by 40...

  7. 77 FR 39617 - Confidential Treatment of Privileged Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ...-2012-0010] RIN 3170-AA20 Confidential Treatment of Privileged Information AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer... amending its rules relating to the confidential treatment of information by adding a new section providing... rules relating to the confidential treatment of information, 12 CFR part 1070, subpart D, in order...

  8. 40 CFR 85.1514 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Vehicle Engines § 85.1514 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any importer may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this subpart is entitled to confidential treatment...

  9. 40 CFR 85.1909 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... § 85.1909 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this subpart is entitled to confidential treatment as...

  10. 77 FR 15286 - Confidential Treatment of Privileged Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ...; ] BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION 12 CFR Part 1070 RIN 3170-AA20 Confidential Treatment of... confidential treatment of information obtained from persons in connection with its exercise of authorities... rules regarding the confidential treatment of information obtained from persons in connection with...

  11. 40 CFR 85.1415 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Treatment of confidential information... Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any certifier may assert that some or all of the information submitted pursuant to this subpart is entitled to confidential treatment as provided by 40 CFR part...

  12. 15 CFR 30.60 - Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality of Electronic Export... § 30.60 Confidentiality of Electronic Export Information. (a) Confidential status. The EEI collected... in any form including but not limited to electronic transmission, paper printout, or...

  13. 40 CFR 2.206 - Advance confidentiality determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Advance confidentiality determinations. 2.206 Section 2.206 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.206 Advance confidentiality determinations. (a)...

  14. 40 CFR 2.206 - Advance confidentiality determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Advance confidentiality determinations. 2.206 Section 2.206 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Confidentiality of Business Information § 2.206 Advance confidentiality determinations. (a)...

  15. 19 CFR 210.5 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidential business information. 210.5 Section... business information. (a) Definition and submission. Confidential business information shall be defined and... law judge, or another section of this part states otherwise, confidential business information...

  16. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  17. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  18. 29 CFR 90.33 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Confidential business information. 90.33 Section 90.33 Labor... General Provisions § 90.33 Confidential business information. (a) Definition. Confidential business... of information submitted in confidence. Business information which is to be treated as...

  19. 19 CFR 210.5 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential business information. 210.5 Section... business information. (a) Definition and submission. Confidential business information shall be defined and... law judge, or another section of this part states otherwise, confidential business information...

  20. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a) Any person submitting a notice under this rule may assert a business confidentiality claim...

  1. 22 CFR 130.15 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidential business information. 130.15... CONTRIBUTIONS, FEES AND COMMISSIONS § 130.15 Confidential business information. (a) Any person who is required... person considers to be confidential business information. No person, including any applicant or...

  2. 16 CFR 1102.24 - Designation of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ACT REGULATIONS PUBLICLY AVAILABLE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY INFORMATION DATABASE (Eff. Jan. 10, 2011... allegedly confidential information is not placed in the database, a request for designation of confidential... publication in the Database until it makes a determination regarding confidential treatment. (e)...

  3. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will be... chapter. (b) Any request for confidentiality of the identity of a cosmetic ingredient should contain...

  4. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will be... chapter. (b) Any request for confidentiality of the identity of a cosmetic ingredient should contain...

  5. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will be... chapter. (b) Any request for confidentiality of the identity of a cosmetic ingredient should contain...

  6. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will be... chapter. (b) Any request for confidentiality of the identity of a cosmetic ingredient should contain...

  7. 21 CFR 720.8 - Confidentiality of statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) COSMETICS VOLUNTARY FILING OF COSMETIC PRODUCT INGREDIENT COMPOSITION STATEMENTS § 720.8 Confidentiality of... request for confidentiality of a cosmetic ingredient submitted with such forms or separately will be... chapter. (b) Any request for confidentiality of the identity of a cosmetic ingredient should contain...

  8. 33 CFR 1.07-35 - Request for confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Request for confidential treatment. 1.07-35 Section 1.07-35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... for confidential treatment. (a) In addition to information treated as confidential under § 1.07-30,...

  9. 15 CFR 286.8 - Confidentiality of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... VOLUNTARY CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM EVALUATION (NVCASE) PROGRAM § 286.8 Confidentiality of information. All information collected relative to an applicant during an evaluation is maintained as confidential... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality of information....

  10. 13 CFR 120.1060 - Confidentiality of Reports, Risk Ratings and related Confidential Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... regulation, Confidential Information is defined in the SBA Lender information portal and by notice issued from time to time. Access to the Lender information portal may be obtained by contacting the OCRM....

  11. Sealing ability of MTA and radiopaque Portland cement with or without calcium chloride for root-end filling.

    PubMed

    Bortoluzzi, Eduardo Antunes; Broon, Norberto Juárez; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro; Garcia, Roberto Brandão; de Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes; Bernardineli, Norberti

    2006-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of calcium chloride (CaCl(2)) on the sealing ability of three Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) cements, ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus, and radiopaque White Portland cement (WPC), for retrograde root filling. Seventy roots of extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented and obturated. After sectioning the samples at 2 mm from the apex, they received one layer of Araldite and two coats of nail enamel, except for the apical dentinal surface submitted to apicectomy. Standardized retrograde cavities were prepared, filled with one of the materials, and immersed in 0.2% Rhodamine B solution for 72 hours. Dye leakage was analyzed on a light microscope with ocular micrometer. Kruskal-Wallis and Miller tests were used to compare groups arranged in increasing order of leakage, according to mean rank of scores: WPC+CaCl(2), MTA-Angelus+CaCl(2), ProRoot MTA+CaCl(2), MTA-Angelus, ProRoot MTA, and WPC. CaCl(2) improved the sealing ability of all three MTA cements.

  12. 7 CFR 996.72 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Reports and Records § 996.72... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential information. 996.72 Section 996.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  13. 31 CFR 800.702 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 800.702 Section 800.702 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF INVESTMENT SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MERGERS, ACQUISITIONS,...

  14. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services...

  15. 29 CFR 1691.3 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality. 1691.3 Section 1691.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS OF... receives the same information from a source independent of EEOC or has referred a joint complaint to...

  16. 29 CFR 1691.3 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality. 1691.3 Section 1691.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS OF... receives the same information from a source independent of EEOC or has referred a joint complaint to...

  17. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for...

  18. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... bodily injury, including circumstances which constitute suspected child abuse and neglect and verbal... injury, including homicide, rape, kidnapping, armed robbery, assault with a deadly weapon, or child abuse... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use §...

  19. 12 CFR 1253.5 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... requesting comment on an Enterprise new product, as public information, except as provided in paragraphs (b... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1253.5 Section 1253.5 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ENTERPRISES PRIOR APPROVAL FOR ENTERPRISE...

  20. Confidentiality of Accounting Academics: Consequences of Nonconformity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amponsah, Emmanuel B.; Boateng, Peter Agyekum; Onuoha, Luke N.

    2016-01-01

    This paper examined ways by which nonconformity to confidentiality among accounting academics could lead to increased-recruitment-and-legal-costs to their employing universities in Ghana that offered accounting degree programmes. With a cross-sectional design, data collected from 1,225 accountants analysed via Cronbach's alpha,…

  1. Confidentiality of Library Records: Renewed Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, C. James

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Library Awareness Program and presents the American Library Association's policy on confidentiality of library records and suggested procedures for implementing the policy. Relevant state and federal legislation are summarized, and suggestions are offered for library administrators dealing with the…

  2. 21 CFR 821.55 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... information will not be further disclosed except as the health aspects of the patient requires. Such... MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS Records and Inspections § 821.55 Confidentiality. (a) Any patient... permission to release, the patient's name, address, telephone number, and social security number, or...

  3. The Law Clerk's Duty of Confidentiality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Judges were surveyed for their views on their law clerks' responsibility for confidentiality. Background is outlined, results are presented, and guidelines for law clerk conduct are suggested. The questionnaire is appended. Available from: Executive Editor, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 3400 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, $6.50.…

  4. 7 CFR 996.72 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 996.72 Section 996.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... which include data or information constituting a trade secret or disclosing a trade position,...

  5. 7 CFR 993.71 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 993.71 Section 993.71 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing.... All reports and records furnished or submitted by handlers to the committee which include data...

  6. 7 CFR 930.73 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 930.73 Section 930.73 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... submitted by handlers to the Board and its authorized agents which include data or information...

  7. 7 CFR 987.67 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 987.67 Section 987.67 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... information. All data or other information constituting a trade secret or disclosing a trade position...

  8. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  9. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  10. 42 CFR 59.11 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.11 Confidentiality. All information as to personal facts and circumstances obtained by the project staff about individuals receiving services must be...

  11. 42 CFR 59.11 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Project Grants for Family Planning Services § 59.11 Confidentiality. All information as to personal facts and circumstances obtained by the project staff about individuals receiving services must be...

  12. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services...

  13. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services...

  14. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for...

  15. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for...

  16. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for...

  17. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services...

  18. 42 CFR 67.20 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.20 Section 67.20 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services...

  19. 42 CFR 67.104 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 67.104 Section 67.104 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Peer Review of Contracts for...

  20. 8 CFR 1003.108 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ....108 Confidentiality. (a) Complaints and preliminary inquiries. Except as otherwise provided by law or... individuals should be advised of the nature of the allegations. If disclosure of information is made pursuant... committed criminal acts or is under investigation by law enforcement authorities; (iii) A practitioner...

  1. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information. (1) A covered entity that possesses genetic information in writing about an employee or member must maintain such information on...

  2. 21 CFR 26.76 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality. 26.76 Section 26.76 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT...

  3. 21 CFR 26.76 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality. 26.76 Section 26.76 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT...

  4. 21 CFR 26.76 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality. 26.76 Section 26.76 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT...

  5. 7 CFR 1210.352 - Confidential treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential treatment. 1210.352 Section 1210.352 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... treatment. (a) All information obtained from the books, records, or reports required to be maintained...

  6. 19 CFR 207.105 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality. 207.105 Section 207.105 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  7. 19 CFR 207.105 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidentiality. 207.105 Section 207.105 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  8. 19 CFR 207.105 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidentiality. 207.105 Section 207.105 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  9. 19 CFR 207.105 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality. 207.105 Section 207.105 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  10. 19 CFR 207.105 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Confidentiality. 207.105 Section 207.105 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATIONS OF WHETHER INJURY TO DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES RESULTS FROM IMPORTS SOLD AT LESS THAN FAIR VALUE OR FROM...

  11. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  12. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  13. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  14. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  15. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  16. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  17. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  18. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  19. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  20. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  1. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  2. 42 CFR 50.310 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 50.310 Section 50.310 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Abortions and Related Medical Services in Federally Assisted Programs of the Public Health...

  3. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  4. 42 CFR 136a.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136a.57 Section 136a.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  5. 42 CFR 136.57 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 136.57 Section 136.57 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Abortions and Related Medical Services in Indian...

  6. 42 CFR 438.224 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 438.224 Section 438.224 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Quality Assessment and Performance Improvement Structure...

  7. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  8. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  9. 8 CFR 245a.21 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality. 245a.21 Section 245a.21 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT Legal Immigration Family Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions §...

  10. 38 CFR 1.462 - Confidentiality restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Sickle Cell Anemia § 1.462 Confidentiality restrictions. (a) General. The patient records to which §§ 1..., infection with the HIV, or sickle cell anemia may be acknowledged only if the patient's written consent is... with the HIV, or sickle cell anemia. (2) Any answer to a request for a disclosure of patient...

  11. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  12. 42 CFR 456.213 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 456.213 Section 456.213 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur...

  13. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality. 531.4 Section 531.4 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE NVOCC SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  14. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality. 531.4 Section 531.4 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE NVOCC SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  15. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality. 531.4 Section 531.4 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE NVOCC SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  16. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality. 531.4 Section 531.4 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE NVOCC SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  17. 46 CFR 531.4 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality. 531.4 Section 531.4 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION REGULATIONS AFFECTING OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE NVOCC SERVICE ARRANGEMENTS... NSA by either party will not, on its own, be considered a violation of these rules....

  18. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  19. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  20. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  1. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  2. 40 CFR 717.19 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality. 717.19 Section 717.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT RECORDS AND REPORTS OF ALLEGATIONS THAT CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES CAUSE SIGNIFICANT ADVERSE REACTIONS TO HEALTH...

  3. 7 CFR 1212.107 - Confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidential information. 1212.107 Section 1212.107 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... RESEARCH, PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY INFORMATION ORDER Referendum Procedures §...

  4. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information. (1) A covered entity that possesses genetic information in writing about an employee or member must maintain such information on...

  5. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information. (1) A covered entity that possesses genetic information in writing about an employee or member must maintain such information on...

  6. 29 CFR 1635.9 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GENETIC INFORMATION NONDISCRIMINATION ACT OF 2008 § 1635.9 Confidentiality. (a) Treatment of genetic information. (1) A covered entity that possesses genetic information in writing about an employee or member must maintain such information on...

  7. 42 CFR 2.63 - Confidential communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS Court Orders Authorizing Disclosure and Use § 2.63... bodily injury, including circumstances which constitute suspected child abuse and neglect and verbal... injury, including homicide, rape, kidnapping, armed robbery, assault with a deadly weapon, or child...

  8. 21 CFR 821.55 - Confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS Records and Inspections § 821.55 Confidentiality. (a) Any patient... identify patient or research subjects shall not be available for public disclosure except as provided...

  9. Physicochemical properties and surfaces morphologies evaluation of MTA FillApex and AH plus.

    PubMed

    Borges, Álvaro Henrique; Orçati Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales; Dalla Villa, Ricardo; Borba, Alexandre Meireles; Semenoff, Tereza Aparecida Delle Vedove; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Estrela, Cyntia Rodrigues Araújo; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho

    2014-01-01

    The solubility, pH, electrical conductivity, and radiopacity of AH Plus and MTA FillApex were evaluated. In addition, the surfaces morphologies of the sealers were analyzed by using scanning electron microscopy. For pH test, the samples were immersed in distilled water at different periods of time. The same solution was used for electrical conductivity measurement. The solubility and radiopacity were evaluated according to ANSI/ADA. Statistical analyses were carried out at 5% level of significance. MTA FillApex presented higher mean value for solubility and electrical conductivity. No significant difference was observed in the mean values for pH reading. AH Plus presented higher radiopacity mean values. MTA FillApex presented an external surface with porosities and a wide range of sizes. In conclusion, the materials fulfill the ANSI/ADA requirements when considering the radiopacity and solubility. AH Plus revealed a compact and homogeneous surface with more regular aspects and equal particle sizes.

  10. Cytotoxic effects of new MTA-based cement formulations on fibroblast-like MDPL-20 cells.

    PubMed

    Garcia, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti; Santos, Alailson Domingos dos; Moraes, João Carlos Silos; Costa, Carlos Alberto de Souza

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed at evaluating the cytotoxic effects of a novel cement called CER on periodontal fibroblast-like cells of mice (MDPL-20), in comparison with different formulations of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), by means of the cell viability test (MTT) and cell morphology analysis. Thirty-two round-shaped samples were fabricated with the following cements: white MTA, white and gray CER and experimental white MTA. The samples were immersed in serum-free culture medium for 24 hours or 7 days (n = 16). The extracts (culture medium + components released from the cements) were applied for 24 hours to previously cultured cells (40.000 cells/cm2) in the wells of 24-well plates. Cells seeded in complete culture medium were used as a negative control. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay. Two samples of each cement were used for cell morphology analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The extracts obtained at the 7-day period presented higher cytotoxicity compared with the 24-hour period (p < 0.05). The gray CER obtained at 24 hours presented the highest cytotoxic effect, whereas the experimental white MTA presented the lowest, similar to the control (p > 0.05). However, at the 7-day period, the experimental white MTA presented no significant difference in comparison with the other cements (p > 0.05). At the 7-day period, CER cement presented cytotoxic effects on fibroblast-like cells, similar to different MTA formulations. However, the immersion period in the culture medium influenced the cytotoxicity of the cements, which was greater for CER cement at 24 hours.

  11. Review suggests direct pulp capping with MTA more effective than calcium hydroxide.

    PubMed

    Rasaratnam, Lakshmi

    2016-09-01

    Data sourcesPubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and the Web of Knowledge.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) or retrospective non-randomised trials (RNTs) of direct pulp capping in patients comparing mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with calcium hydroxide (CH) were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently abstracted data. Risk of bias for the RCTs was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and RNTs were assessed according to the methodological index for non-randomised studies. Different study designs were analysed separately.ResultsThirteen studies were included, ten of which were RCTs. Meta-analysis demonstrated a significantly higher success rate for MTA compared with the CH-capped groups. For RCT studies (2 studies, 405 teeth): OR = 2.26; (95% CI, 1.33-3.85; P = .003) and for RNTs (3 studies - 526 teeth): OR = 2.88; (95% CI, 1.86-4.44; P < .00001). Nine studies (325 teeth) compared the inflammatory response with MTA showing significantly less inflammation compared with CH samples (OR = 4.56; 95% CI, 2.65 7.83; P < .00001). Nine studies (325 teeth) compared dentine bridge formation with a higher percentage of calcified dentin bridge formation in the MTA than CH-capped groups (OR = 3.56; 95% CI, 1.89 6.70; P < .0001).ConclusionsMTA has a higher success rate and results in less pulpal inflammatory response and more predictable hard dentin bridge formation than CH. MTA appears to be a suitable replacement of CH used for direct pulp capping.

  12. Biological efficacy of two mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-based materials in a canine model of pulpotomy.

    PubMed

    Lee, Myeongyeon; Kang, Chung-Min; Song, Je Seon; Shin, Yooseok; Kim, Seunghye; Kim, Seong-Oh; Choi, Hyung-Jun

    2017-01-31

    The aim of this study was to compare the biocompatibility of Endocem Zr(®) and ProRoot MTA(®) by histopathologic analysis in a canine model of pulpotomy. This study utilized 39 teeth of two beagle dogs. The exposed pulp tissues were treated by pulpotomy using ProRoot MTA (n=19) or Endocem Zr (n=20). After 8 weeks, the teeth were extracted and processed with hematoxylin-eosin staining for histologic evaluation. Most of the specimens in both groups developed a calcific barrier at the pulp amputation site and formed an odontoblast layer. However, some of the Endocem Zr specimens showed less calcific barrier formation with a greater inflammatory response and less odontoblast layer formation when compared with the ProRoot MTA specimens. ProRoot MTA and Endocem Zr specimens developed a calcific barrier; however, ProRoot MTA was more biocompatible than Endocem Zr.

  13. Orthograde retreatment failure with extruded MTA apical plug in a large periradicular lesion followed by surgical intervention: case report.

    PubMed

    Brito-Junior, Manoel; Faria-e-Silva, Andre Luis; Quintino, Alex Carvalho; Moreira-Junior, Gil; Geber, Mauro; Camilo, Carla Cristina; Soares, Janir Alves

    2012-01-01

    Absence of periapical healing after orthograde retreatment using an apical plug with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) can require surgical intervention. A patient with a root-filled maxillary central incisor with chronic apical periodontitis and sinus tract was referred for endodontic retreatment. Excessive apical enlargement was verified, indicating an MTA apical plug placement; however, an unintentional extrusion of MTA occurred during this step. The root canal was filled with gutta-percha and sealer, and periodic recalls were scheduled. The sinus tract was observed after six months and the lesion remained unaltered, although the extruded MTA had resorbed; therefore, an apicoectomy and retrograde root-end filling with MTA were performed. Absence of sinus tract, normal clinical aspect, and complete repair of the lesion were observed at the two-year follow-up.

  14. Search for the radioactivity of 180mTa using an underground HPGe sandwich spectrometer.

    PubMed

    Hult, Mikael; Wieslander, J S Elisabeth; Marissens, Gerd; Gasparro, Joël; Wätjen, Uwe; Misiaszek, Marcin

    2009-05-01

    The radioactivity of (180m)Ta has never been detected. The present attempt to detect it was carried out using a newly developed HPGe sandwich spectrometer installed 500m water equivalent underground in the HADES laboratory. The sample consisted of 6 discs of tantalum of natural isotopic composition with a total mass of 1500 g and a total mass for (180)Ta of 180 mg. The sample was measured for 68 days and the resulting lower bound for the half-life of (180m)Ta was 2.0 x 10(16)y, which is a factor of 2.8 higher than the previous highest value.

  15. HEALING OF ROOT PERFORATIONS TREATED WITH MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE (MTA) AND PORTLAND CEMENT

    PubMed Central

    Broon, Norberto Juárez; Bramante, Clovis Monteiro; de Assis, Gerson Francisco; Bortoluzzi, Eduardo Antunes; Bernardineli, Norberti; de Moraes, Ivaldo Gomes; Garcia, Roberto Brandão

    2006-01-01

    Fourteen root perforations were performed for microscopic evaluation of the repair of interradicular tissue in dogs' teeth. These perforations were accomplished at low-speed with a STP 58 bur at the cervical third of the mesial root toward the furcation under irrigation with saline solution, followed by immediate sealing with ProRoot MTA, MTA-Angelus and white Portland cement. The dogs were killed after 90 days, revealing good results. The Kruskal-Wallis test did not demonstrate any statistically significant difference. It was concluded that the three materials showed good sealing in mineralized tissue, with complete closure, and they were free of inflammation in most teeth. PMID:19089049

  16. Solubility and bacterial sealing ability of MTA and root-end filling materials.

    PubMed

    Espir, Camila Galletti; Guerreiro-Tanomaru, Juliane Maria; Spin-Neto, Rubens; Chávez-Andrade, Gisselle Moraima; Berbert, Fabio Luiz Camargo Villela; Tanomaru-Filho, Mario

    2016-04-01

    Objective To evaluate solubility and sealing ability of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and root-end filling materials. Material and Methods The materials evaluated were: MTA, Calcium Silicate Cement with zirconium oxide (CSC/ZrO2), and zinc oxide/eugenol (ZOE). Solubility test was performed according to ANSI/ADA. The difference between initial and final mass of the materials was analyzed after immersion in distilled water for 7 and 30 days. Retrograde cavities in human teeth with single straight root canal were performed by using ultrasonic tip CVD 9.5107-8. The cavities were filled with the evaluated materials to evaluate sealing ability using the bacterial leakage test with Enterococcus faecalis. Bacterial leakage was evaluated every 24 hours for six weeks observing the turbidity of Brain Heart infusion (BHI) medium in contact with root apex. Data were submitted to ANOVA followed by Tukey tests (solubility), and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (sealing ability) at a 5% significance level. Results For the 7-day period, ZOE presented highest solubility when compared with the other groups (p<0.05). For the 30-day period, no difference was observed among the materials. Lower bacterial leakage was observed for MTA and CSC/ZrO2, and both presented better results than ZOE (p<0.05). Conclusion MTA and CSC/ZrO2 presented better bacterial sealing capacity, which may be related to lower initial solubility observed for these materials in relation to ZOE.

  17. [An 18 month evaluation of MM-MTA pulpotomy on primary decayed molars].

    PubMed

    Abou Chedid, J C; Mchayleh, N; Khalil, I; Melki, B; Hardan, L S

    2015-12-01

    Pulpotomy is the most performed and controversial therapeutic in pediatric dentistry. Formocresol is known to have a toxic effect on living tissues, a mutagenic and carcinogenic potential with a systemic uptake of formocresol via pulpotomized teeth, other alternative products have been investigated. 40 molars were pulpotomized using Micro Mega Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MM-MTA), which eliminates the need for the use of formocresol. The effects of this material were evaluated both clinically and radiographically. Post-operative control examinations were performed at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months trying to detect spontaneous or stimulated pain, pathological tooth mobility, abscesses or fistulas, internal or external pathological tooth resorption, periapical bone destruction, or canal obliteration. Pain was absent at 18 months post operatively. Thirty six molar treated with the MM-MTA didn't show any mobility or pain, one molar presented a pathological resorption and one molar presented an abscess without a fistula at 12 month. The observations were compared to others related to formocresol, ferric sulfate, MTA, and laser pulpotomies, using the Chi-square test x2. The abundance of positive result strongly demonstrate that the MM-MTA pulpotomy on carious temporary molars is a promising technique.

  18. Parent-Reported Homework Problems in the MTA Study: Evidence for Sustained Improvement with Behavioral Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langberg, Joshua M.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Flowers, Amanda M.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Altaye, Mekibib; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Swanson, James M.; Kotkin, Ronald; Simpson, Stephen; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Jensen, Peter S.; Abikoff, Howard; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wells, Karen C.; Hechtman, Lily

    2010-01-01

    Parent-report of child homework problems was examined as a treatment outcome variable in the MTA-Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Five hundred seventy-nine children ages 7.0 to 9.9 were randomly assigned to either medication management, behavioral treatment, combination treatment, or…

  19. Post-transcriptional regulation of MTA family by microRNAs in the context of cancer

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yun; Wang, Xiao-Fan

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 20–24 nt small non-coding RNAs that regulate a wide range of biological processes through changing the stability and translation of their target mRNA genes. Shortly after their identification, many miRNA genes have been found dysregulated in a variety of human cancers, indicating a pathological function of this gene class in mediating cancer progression. Over the past decade, accumulated literature has shown that miRNAs participate in numerous cancer-relevant processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, metabolism and importantly, metastasis, which accounts for the mortality of approximately 90% of cancer patients. Several recent publications have linked miRNAs with metastasis-associated protein (MTA) family members. Given the fact that the MTA family members are widely overexpressed in human cancers and their nature of serving as both corepressor and coactivator in gene regulation, it is intriguing to study whether certain miRNAs regulate cancer progression through modulating the expression of MTA family members. In this review, we will focus on recent advances in understanding the regulatory relationship between certain miRNAs and MTA family members. PMID:25332146

  20. Effect of diode laser irradiation on the apical sealing of MTA retrofillings.

    PubMed

    de Souza, Eliana Barbosa; de Amorim, Crystiane Venditti Gomes; Marques, José Luiz Lage

    2006-01-01

    Apical sealing is essential for the success of paraendodontic surgery, so any procedure that may favor an adequate sealing of the apical remainder should be performed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of diode laser irradiation on the apical sealing of root-end cavities with MTA retrofillings. Root canals in twenty extracted human teeth were shaped with K-files and filled with gutta-percha. The apexes were cut off and root-end preparations were performed. The roots were divided randomly in 2 groups. Group 1 (ten specimens) was retrofilled with MTA. Group 2 was irradiated with diode laser, with 1 W for 20 seconds, on the apical surface and root end cavity before retrofilling with MTA. The specimens had their external surfaces impermeabilized with cyanoacrylate, except for the apical surface, and were then immersed in 1% rhodamine B dye for 72 h and placed in plaster stone. After that, the specimens were submitted to longitudinal abrasion until half of the root remained. The linear dye leakage was observed in these mid-roots between the root canal wall and retrofilling. The linear dye leakage was measured with Image Lab software, and the results were statistically analyzed with Student's t test. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups (p > 0.05). The diode laser irradiation did not improve the apical sealing of MTA retrofillings under the conditions of this in vitro study.

  1. Solubility and bacterial sealing ability of MTA and root-end filling materials

    PubMed Central

    ESPIR, Camila Galletti; GUERREIRO-TANOMARU, Juliane Maria; SPIN-NETO, Rubens; CHÁVEZ-ANDRADE, Gisselle Moraima; BERBERT, Fabio Luiz Camargo Villela; TANOMARU-FILHO, Mario

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate solubility and sealing ability of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and root-end filling materials. Material and Methods The materials evaluated were: MTA, Calcium Silicate Cement with zirconium oxide (CSC/ZrO2), and zinc oxide/eugenol (ZOE). Solubility test was performed according to ANSI/ADA. The difference between initial and final mass of the materials was analyzed after immersion in distilled water for 7 and 30 days. Retrograde cavities in human teeth with single straight root canal were performed by using ultrasonic tip CVD 9.5107-8. The cavities were filled with the evaluated materials to evaluate sealing ability using the bacterial leakage test with Enterococcus faecalis. Bacterial leakage was evaluated every 24 hours for six weeks observing the turbidity of Brain Heart infusion (BHI) medium in contact with root apex. Data were submitted to ANOVA followed by Tukey tests (solubility), and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (sealing ability) at a 5% significance level. Results For the 7-day period, ZOE presented highest solubility when compared with the other groups (p<0.05). For the 30-day period, no difference was observed among the materials. Lower bacterial leakage was observed for MTA and CSC/ZrO2, and both presented better results than ZOE (p<0.05). Conclusion MTA and CSC/ZrO2 presented better bacterial sealing capacity, which may be related to lower initial solubility observed for these materials in relation to ZOE. PMID:27119759

  2. Secondary Evaluations of MTA 36-Month Outcomes: Propensity Score and Growth Mixture Model Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, James M.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Gibbons, Robert D.; Marcus, Sue; Hur, Kwan; Jensen, Peter S.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.: Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; March, John S.; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Hoza, Betsy; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate two hypotheses: that self-selection bias contributed to lack of medication advantage at the 36-month assessment of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA) and that overall improvement over time obscured treatment effects in subgroups with different outcome trajectories. Method: Propensity score analyses,…

  3. Effect of blood contamination on retention characteristics of MTA when mixed with different liquids.

    PubMed

    Vanderweele, Richard A; Schwartz, Scott A; Beeson, Thomas J

    2006-05-01

    Simulated furcation perforations were repaired with and without blood contamination utilizing tooth-colored mineral trioxide aggregrate (MTA) mixed with either MTA liquid (sterile water), lidocaine, or saline. Samples underwent Instron testing at either 24 or 72 hours and at 7 days. Data were analyzed using a 3-way ANOVA and post-hoc testing using Turkey's true test for significance. All of the 72-hour samples displayed significantly greater resistance to displacement than the 24-hour samples. All of the 7-day samples displayed significantly greater resistance to displacement than the 24-hour and 72-hour samples. Non-contaminated samples displayed significantly greater resistance to displacement than their blood-contaminated counterparts at 7 days. Non-contaminated samples mixed with sterile water, lidocaine, or saline performed similarly at all time periods. Allowing tooth-colored MTA to set undisturbed for 72 hours or longer prior to placement of a coronal restoration may decrease the chance of MTA displacement in furcation perforation repairs.

  4. Sealing ability of MTA used as cervical barrier in intracoronal bleaching.

    PubMed

    Brito-Júnior, Manoel; Faria-e-Silva, André L; Fonseca, Bráulio; Camilo, Carla C

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the sealing ability of white mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with that of other materials used as a cervical barrier during intracoronal bleaching. Thirty eight extracted teeth were endodontically treated and 3 mm of filling was removed to receive the barrier material: G1-Coltosol; G2 - Vidrion R; G3 - White MTA; G4-No barrier (negative control) and G5- Roots totally protected with three layers of cyanoacrylate (positive control). The 30% hydrogen peroxide associated with the sodium perborate was left in the pulp chamber for 24 h. The specimens were immersed in a test tube containing a solution of potassium chromate (yellow), which turns blue in the presence ofhydrogen peroxide. Two calibrated evaluators scored according to color in the presence of the detecting solution (0 - unaltered color, 1 - light blue and 2 - dark blue). Data were analyzed by the Kruskall-Wallis test (p<0.05). The results showed no statistically significant differences between the experimental group G3 and positive control (G5). No statistically significant difference was observed between G1 and G3. However a statistical difference was verified between G2 and G3. MTA presented higher sealing ability than Vidrion R and did not differ from the positive control. However there was no difference between MTA and Coltosol.

  5. Evaluation of Apical Microleakage in Open Apex Teeth Using MTA Apical Plug in Different Sessions

    PubMed Central

    Yazdizadeh, Mohammad; Bouzarjomehri, Zeinab; Khalighinejad, Navid; Sadri, Leyli

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To compare microleakage of apexification using MTA in one or two sessions. Materials and Methods. 88 single rooted teeth were prepared and divided into two groups then received MTA apical plug. In the first group, the teeth were immersed in normal saline for 24 hours and then backfilled with guttapercha and AH26 sealer. In the second group, the teeth were obturated immediately after receiving apical plug. Four positive and four negative controls were selected. All specimens were placed in 1% methylene blue and decalcified in 5% nitric acid and finally were placed in methyl salicylate until getting transparent. All teeth were visualized for assessment of dye penetration under stereo dissecting microscope. Results. 36 and 35 teeth showed dye leakage in the first and second groups. Dye penetration into the entire canal length was confirmed in the positive control group, and in the negative control group no dye penetration was seen. Mean dye penetration in the first and second group was 5813 and 9152 μm. t-test revealed a significant difference between dye penetrations of two groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion. MTA requires adequate time for setting in the presence of the moisture, and final obturation should be delayed until final setting of MTA. PMID:24282642

  6. Analysis of Metal Contents in Portland Type V and MTA-Based Cements

    PubMed Central

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Pedro, Fábio Luis Miranda; Volpato, Luiz Evaristo Ricci; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Villa, Ricardo Dalla; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine, by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS), the concentration levels of 11 metals in Type V gray and structural white PC, ProRoot MTA, and MTA Bio. Samples, containing one gram of each tested cement, were prepared and transferred to a 100 mL Teflon tube with a mixture of 7.0 mL of nitric acid and 21 mL of hydrochloric acid. After the reaction, the mixture was filtered and then volumed to 50 mL of distilled water. For each metal, specific patterns were determined from universal standards. Arsenic quantification was performed by hydride generator. The analysis was performed five times and the data were statistically analyzed at 5% level of significance. Only the cadmium presented concentration levels of values lower than the quantification limit of the device. The AAS analysis showed increased levels of calcium, nickel, and zinc in structural white PC. Type V PC presented the greatest concentration levels of arsenic, chromium, copper, iron, lead, and manganese (P < 0.05). Bismuth was found in all cements, and the lowest concentration levels were observed in Portland cements, while the highest were observed in ProRoot MTA. Both PC and MTA-based cements showed evidence of metals inclusion. PMID:25436238

  7. Analysis of metal contents in Portland Type V and MTA-based cements.

    PubMed

    Dorileo, Maura Cristiane Gonçales Orçati; Bandeca, Matheus Coelho; Pedro, Fábio Luis Miranda; Volpato, Luiz Evaristo Ricci; Guedes, Orlando Aguirre; Dalla Villa, Ricardo; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Borges, Alvaro Henrique

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine, by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS), the concentration levels of 11 metals in Type V gray and structural white PC, ProRoot MTA, and MTA Bio. Samples, containing one gram of each tested cement, were prepared and transferred to a 100 mL Teflon tube with a mixture of 7.0 mL of nitric acid and 21 mL of hydrochloric acid. After the reaction, the mixture was filtered and then volumed to 50 mL of distilled water. For each metal, specific patterns were determined from universal standards. Arsenic quantification was performed by hydride generator. The analysis was performed five times and the data were statistically analyzed at 5% level of significance. Only the cadmium presented concentration levels of values lower than the quantification limit of the device. The AAS analysis showed increased levels of calcium, nickel, and zinc in structural white PC. Type V PC presented the greatest concentration levels of arsenic, chromium, copper, iron, lead, and manganese (P < 0.05). Bismuth was found in all cements, and the lowest concentration levels were observed in Portland cements, while the highest were observed in ProRoot MTA. Both PC and MTA-based cements showed evidence of metals inclusion.

  8. Nine Months of Multicomponent Behavioral Treatment for ADHD and Effectiveness of MTA Fading Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, L. Eugene; Chuang, Shirley; Davies, Mark; Abikoff, Howard B.; Conners, C. Keith; Elliott, Glen R.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Hoza, Betsy; Jensen, Peter S.; Kraemer, Helena C.; Langworthy-Lam, Kristen S.; March, John S.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Pelham, William E.; Severe, Joanne B.; Swanson, James M.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wells, Karen C.; Wigal, Timothy

    2004-01-01

    We examined 9-month data from the 14-month NIMH Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (the MTA) as a further check on the relative effect of medication (MedMgt) and behavioral treatment (Beh) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) while Beh was still being delivered at greater intensity than at 14-month endpoint, and…

  9. Push-out bond strength of MTA HP, a new high-plasticity calcium silicate-based cement.

    PubMed

    Silva, Emmanuel Jnl; Carvalho, Nancy Kudsi; Zanon, Mayara; Senna, Plínio Mendes; DE-Deus, Gustavo; Zuolo, Mário Luis; Zaia, Alexandre Augusto

    2016-06-14

    This study was designed to investigate the resistance to dislodgment provided by MTA HP, a new high-plasticity calcium silicate-based cement. Biodentine and White MTA Angelus were used as reference materials for comparison. Three discs 1 ± 0.1 mm thick were obtained from the middle third of the roots of 5 maxillary canines. Three 0.8-mm-wide holes were drilled on the axial surface of each root disc. Standardized irrigation was performed. Then the holes were dried with paper points and filled with one of the three tested cements. The filled dental slices were immersed in a phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution (pH 7.2) for 7 days before the push-out assessment. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied to assess the effect of each endodontic cement on the push-out bond strength. Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction was used to isolate the differences. The alpha-type error was set at 0.05. All specimens had measurable push-out values and no premature failure occurred. There were significant differences among the materials (p <0.05). The Biodentine specimens had the highest push-out bond strength values (p < 0.05). MTA HP had significantly higher bond strength than White MTA (p < 0.05). MTA HP showed better push-out bond strength than its predecessor, White MTA; however, Biodentine had higher dislodgment resistance than both MTA formulations.

  10. Effect of temperature on the setting time of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA)

    PubMed Central

    Sharifi, R; Araghid, A; Ghanem, S; Fatahi, A

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has numerous applications in dentistry due to various advantages. However, its long setting time has still remained a problem. The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of temperature (ambient and distilled water temperature) on the setting time of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Materials and methods: This experimental study comprised of two parts. In the first part, MTA and distilled water samples were kept at ambient temperature for 24 hours (before mixing: effect of distilled water temperature on the setting time of MTA and after mixing: effect of distilled water and ambient temperature on the setting time of MTA), and analyzed and divided into three groups: group 1 (4°C), group 2 (37°C) and group 3 (90°C). The mixed samples were placed in the glass cylinders with an internal diameter of 8 mm and a height of 10 mm, and kept at 37°C temperature and 100% humidity. In the second part, the samples were prepared the same as those of the first part and divided into three groups according to the terms of maintenance: group 1 (4°C), group 2 (37°C) and group 3 (75°C). The mixed samples were then put in glass cylinders with an internal diameter of 8 mm and a height of 10 mm and the samples of groups 1, 2 and 3 were kept at 4, 37 and 75 °C, respectively. At the end of each part, the primary and final setting times were measured by Gilmore needle. Data were analyzed by SPSS using Kruskal-Wallis test (p<0.05). Results: The findings of this study showed a significant reduction of the primary and final setting time of MTA for the samples of both parts of the study with an increase in ambient temperature (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study indicated that increased ambient temperature caused a reduction in the setting time of MTA. PMID:28255404

  11. Effect of temperature on the setting time of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA).

    PubMed

    Sharifi, R; Araghid, A; Ghanem, S; Fatahi, A

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has numerous applications in dentistry due to various advantages. However, its long setting time has still remained a problem. The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of temperature (ambient and distilled water temperature) on the setting time of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Materials and methods: This experimental study comprised of two parts. In the first part, MTA and distilled water samples were kept at ambient temperature for 24 hours (before mixing: effect of distilled water temperature on the setting time of MTA and after mixing: effect of distilled water and ambient temperature on the setting time of MTA), and analyzed and divided into three groups: group 1 (4°C), group 2 (37°C) and group 3 (90°C). The mixed samples were placed in the glass cylinders with an internal diameter of 8 mm and a height of 10 mm, and kept at 37°C temperature and 100% humidity. In the second part, the samples were prepared the same as those of the first part and divided into three groups according to the terms of maintenance: group 1 (4°C), group 2 (37°C) and group 3 (75°C). The mixed samples were then put in glass cylinders with an internal diameter of 8 mm and a height of 10 mm and the samples of groups 1, 2 and 3 were kept at 4, 37 and 75 °C, respectively. At the end of each part, the primary and final setting times were measured by Gilmore needle. Data were analyzed by SPSS using Kruskal-Wallis test (p<0.05). Results: The findings of this study showed a significant reduction of the primary and final setting time of MTA for the samples of both parts of the study with an increase in ambient temperature (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study indicated that increased ambient temperature caused a reduction in the setting time of MTA.

  12. Access control and confidentiality in radiology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noumeir, Rita; Chafik, Adil

    2005-04-01

    A medical record contains a large amount of data about the patient such as height, weight and blood pressure. It also contains sensitive information such as fertility, abortion, psychiatric data, sexually transmitted diseases and diagnostic results. Access to this information must be carefully controlled. Information technology has greatly improved patient care. The recent extensive deployment of digital medical images made diagnostic images promptly available to healthcare decision makers, regardless of their geographic location. Medical images are digitally archived, transferred on telecommunication networks, and visualized on computer screens. However, with the widespread use of computing and communication technologies in healthcare, the issue of data security has become increasingly important. Most of the work until now has focused on the security of data communication to ensure its integrity, authentication, confidentiality and user accountability. The mechanisms that have been proposed to achieve the security of data communication are not specific to healthcare. Data integrity can be achieved with data signature. Data authentication can be achieved with certificate exchange. Data confidentiality can be achieved with encryption. User accountability can be achieved with audits. Although these mechanisms are essential to ensure data security during its transfer on the network, access control is needed in order to ensure data confidentiality and privacy within the information system application. In this paper, we present and discuss an access control mechanism that takes into account the notion of a care process. Radiology information is categorized and a model to enforce data privacy is proposed.

  13. Practical State Machine Replication with Confidentiality

    SciTech Connect

    Duan, Sisi; Zhang, Haibin

    2016-01-01

    We study how to enable arbitrary randomized algorithms in Byzantine fault-tolerant (BFT) settings. We formalize a randomized BFT protocol and provide a simple and efficient construction that can be built on any existing BFT protocols while adding practically no overhead. We go one step further to revisit a confidential BFT protocol (Yin et al., SOSP '03). We show that their scheme is potentially susceptible to safety and confidentiality attacks. We then present a new protocol that is secure in the stronger model we formalize, by extending the idea of a randomized BFT protocol. Our protocol uses only efficient symmetric cryptography, while Yin et al.'s uses costly threshold signatures. We implemented and evaluated our protocols on microbenchmarks and real-world use cases. We show that our randomized BFT protocol is as efficient as conventional BFT protocols, and our confidential BFT protocol is two to three orders of magnitude faster than Yin et al.'s, which is less secure than ours.

  14. Effect of acidic solutions on the microhardness of dentin and set OrthoMTA and their cytotoxicity on murine macrophage

    PubMed Central

    Shon, Won-Jun; Lee, Woocheol

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the effects of three acids on the microhardness of set mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and root dentin, and cytotoxicity on murine macrophage. Materials and Methods OrthoMTA (BioMTA) was mixed and packed into the human root dentin blocks of 1.5 mm diameter and 5 mm height. Four groups, each of ten roots, were exposed to 10% citric acid (CA), 5% glycolic acid (GA), 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and saline for five minutes after setting of the OrthoMTA. Vickers surface microhardness of set MTA and dentin was measured before and after exposure to solutions, and compared between groups using one-way ANOVA with Tukey test. The microhardness value of each group was analyzed using student t test. Acid-treated OrthoMTA and dentin was examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Cell viability of tested solutions was assessed using WST-8 assay and murine macrophage. Results Three test solutions reduced microhardness of dentin. 17% EDTA demonstrated severe dentinal erosion, significantly reduced the dentinal microhardness compared to 10% CA (p = 0.034) or 5% GA (p = 0.006). 10% CA or 5% GA significantly reduced the surface microhardness of set MTA compared to 17% EDTA and saline (p < 0.001). Acid-treated OrthoMTA demonstrated microporous structure with destruction of globular crystal. EDTA exhibited significantly more cellular toxicity than the other acidic solutions at diluted concentrations (0.2, 0.5, 1.0%). Conclusions Tested acidic solutions reduced microhardness of root dentin. Five minute's application of 10% CA and 5% GA significantly reduced the microhardness of set OrthoMTA with lower cellular cytotoxicity compared to 17% EDTA. PMID:26877986

  15. Education Data Confidentiality: Two Studies. Issues in Education Data Confidentiality and Access and Compilation of Statutes, Laws, and Regulations Related to the Confidentiality of Education Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pechman, Ellen M.; And Others

    Two studies were commissioned by the National Forum on Education Statistics to address concerns about the confidentiality and security of education data. The first, "Issues in Education Data Confidentiality and Access," by Ellen Pechman, Eileen O'Brien, Amy Hightower, and Angela Williams covers major court challenges, data collection issues…

  16. Sealing ability of MTA-Angelus with propyleneglycol in furcal perforations.

    PubMed

    Brito-Júnior, Manoel; Viana, Fabiana A; Pereira, Rodrigo D; Nobre, Sérgio A M; Soares, Janir A; Camilo, Carla C; Faria-e-Silva, André L

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the sealing ability of gray MTA-Angelus mixed with propyleneglycol in furcal perforations using a bacterial leakage test. Furcal perforations were created in 30 human mandibular molars using a size 3 round bur The samples were divided randomly into 2 experimental groups (n=10) according to the mixing agent. In G1, the MTA powder was mixed with propyleneglycol, while distilled water was used in G2. A 3:1 powder-liquid ratio was used for both groups. The MTA was placed in the perforation with an MTA carrier and condensed with hand pluggers. Non-repaired (n=5) and totally sealed (n=5) perforations served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Bacterial leakage was assessed daily for 30 days in a double-chamber apparatus with Enterococcus faecalis. Data were analyzed using Fisher exact test (p < 0.05) for three leakage periods: 1st to 10th day (P1); 11th to 20th day (P2); and 21st to 30th day (P3). The positive control presented leakage in all specimens within the first 24 hours, while no leakage was observed in the negative control during the experimental period. Leakage was observed in five (50%) of the 10 samples of the propyleneglycol group (G1) and seven (70%) of the distilled water group (G2) by the 20th day, without significant difference between the groups in periods P1 and P2 (p = 0.137). The leakage was significantly lower for G1 than G2 in period P3 (50% versus 100%, respectively, p = 0.016). In this single aerobic bacterial leakage method, the use of propyleneglycol as a vehicle for gray MTA-Angelus increased its sealing ability in furcal perforations at the end of the 30-day experimental period.

  17. Comparative study of MTA and other materials in retrofilling of pulpless dogs' teeth.

    PubMed

    Bernabé, Pedro Felício Estrada; Holland, Roberto; Morandi, Ricardo; de Souza, Valdir; Nery, Mauro Juvenal; Otoboni Filho, José Arlindo; Dezan Junior, Eloi; Gomes-Filho, João Eduardo

    2005-01-01

    This in vivo study compared the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), IRM, Super EBA and ZOE in a puttylike consistency, used as retrofilling materials, in the healing process of periapical tissue of pulpless dogs' teeth submitted to a conventional retrofilling technique. Twenty-four premolars obtained from three dogs were used. At the first intervention, the animals were anesthetized, coronal access was obtained and pulpectomy was done. Root canals were kept open to the oral environment for 180 days to induce the formation of apical lesions. After surgical removal of the lesions with curettes, 2 mm of the apical root was cut out perpendicular to the long axis of the teeth, and root-end cavities were shaped with a low-speed round bur. The bone cavities were irrigated and dried, and the root-end cavities were filled with MTA, IRM, Super EBA and ZOE in a puttylike consistency. The bone cavities were passively filled with blood and flaps were sutured. The coronal access openings were cleaned and double-sealed with ZOE and amalgam. After 180 days, the animals were killed by anesthetic overdose, maxilla and mandible were removed and the pieces were processed for histomorphologic analysis. Data were evaluated blindly on the basis of several histopathologic events and the scores obtained were analyzed statistically using the Kruskal Wallis test. No significant differences were observed among MTA, Super EBA and IRM (p>0.05). However, ZOE had a significantly more negative influence on the apical healing (p<0.05). In conclusion, MTA, Super EBA and IRM had similar histopathologic effects among each other and better performance than ZOE used in a puttylike consistency. Furthermore, only MTA stimulated hard tissue deposition in direct contact with the retrofilling material, even when it was inserted under critical conditions.

  18. Success Rate of MTA Pulpotomy on Vital Pulp of Primary Molars: A 3-Year Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Tyagi, Rishi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Vital pulp therapy is a major contributor in the preservation of primary dentition after caries affliction. Introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has revolutionized such treatment. Aim The aim of our study was to evaluate and correlate the effects of MTA clinically and radiographically on pulpotomized primary molars till their exfoliation or extraction followed by histological evaluation. Study design This is an observational study. Materials and methods A total of 25 teeth were selected from 5- to 8-year-old children requiring pulp therapy on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterion. The teeth were treated by conventional pulpotomy technique under aseptic conditions using MTA and were immediately restored with stainless steel crown. The teeth were assessed postoperatively till 36 months. The exfoliated or extracted teeth were examined histologically. Results The pulpotomized teeth were vital with no adverse clinical findings during the observation period. After 3 months, one tooth showed internal resorption, but the same was not observed after 12 months. Pulp canal obliteration was seen in three cases. At the end of the study, five teeth were exfoliated and one tooth was extracted for maintaining arch symmetry. The histological examination of extracted tooth revealed the presence of healthy pulp and the area of true calcification. Remaining exfoliated teeth presented dentin bridge formation. Statistics Frequencies and percentages were used for descriptive statistics. Fisher’s exact tests were used to see the difference between clinical and radiological findings. The probability value was fixed at 5% level of significance. Conclusion The response of pulp in primary teeth to MTA was favorable in all cases from clinical and radiographic perspective, and histological evaluation confirmed the observation. How to cite this article Godhi B, Tyagi R. Success Rate of MTA Pulpotomy on Vital Pulp of Primary Molars: A 3-Year Observational Study

  19. Comparison of Microleakage of MTA and CEM Cement Apical Plugs in Three Different Media

    PubMed Central

    Ayatollahi, Fatemeh; Tabrizizadeh, Mahdi; Hazeri Baqdad Abad, Milad; Ayatollahi, Reza; Zarebidoki, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Microleakage is of the causes of endodontic treatment failure. The aim of this in vitro study, was to compare the microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement apical plugs in three environments. Methods and Materials: A total of 130 human extracted single rooted teeth were collected. After decoronation, preparation of the root canal space and simulation of open apices, 5 teeth were selected as positive and negative control groups and the rest of the samples were randomly divided into two groups (MTA plug and CEM cement plug) and each group was divided into 3 subgroups (dry, contaminated with saliva and contaminated with blood). In each group apical plug was placed into the canal. After full setting of the apical plug, microleakage of the samples were evaluated using fluid filtration method and the data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance. Results: In dry and saliva contaminated environments, the leakage of MTA samples were 40.906±2.081 and 39.608±2.081, respectively which was significantly more than that of CEM cement samples (26.977±2.081 and 27.000±2.081, respectively). However, in blood-contaminated environments, the amount of leakage in MTA group (21.640±2.081) was significantly lower than CEM cement group (44.358±2.081). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, in dry and saliva-contaminated conditions CEM cement provides significantly better seal in comparison to MTA PMID:27471531

  20. Bioactivity, physical and chemical properties of MTA mixed with propylene glycol

    PubMed Central

    NATU, Vaishali Prakash; DUBEY, Nileshkumar; LOKE, Gerald Choon Leong; Teng Seng, TAN; Wee Hsuan, NG; YONG, Chee Weng; Tong, CAO; ROSA, Vinicius

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the physical (setting time, hardness, flowability, microstructure) and chemical (pH change, calcium release, crystallinity) properties and the biological outcomes (cell survival and differentiation) of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed using different proportions of propylene glycol (PG) and water. Material and Methods White MTA was mixed with different water/PG ratios (100/0, 80/20 and 50/50). Composition (XRD), microstructure (SEM), setting time (ASTM C266-13), flowability (ANSI/ADA 57-2000), Knoop hardness (100 g/10 s) and chemical characteristics (pH change and Ca2+ release for 7 days) were evaluated. Cell proliferation, osteo/odontoblastic gene expression and mineralization induced by MTA mixed with PG were evaluated. MTA discs (5 mm in diameter, 2 mm thick) were prepared and soaked in culture medium for 7 days. Next, the discs were removed and the medium used to culture dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) for 28 days. Cells survival was evaluated using MTS assay (24, 72 and 120 h) and differentiation with RT-PCR (ALP, OCN, Runx2, DSPP and MEPE) and alizarin red staining (7 and 14 days). Data were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc analysis (a=0.05). Results The addition of PG significantly increased setting time, flowability and Ca2+ release, but it compromised the hardness of the material. SEM showed that 50/50 group resulted porous material after setting due to the incomplete setting reaction, as shown by XRD analysis. The addition of PG (80/20 and 50/50) was not capable to improve cell proliferation or to enhance gene expression, and mineralized deposition of DPSC after 7 and 14 days as compared to the 100/0. Conclusion Except for flowability, the addition of PG did not promote further improvements on the chemical and physical properties evaluated, and it was not capable of enhancing the bioactivity of the MTA. PMID:26398513

  1. Influence of 2% chlorhexidine on pH, calcium release and setting time of a resinous MTA-based root-end filling material.

    PubMed

    Jacinto, Rogério Castilho; Linhares-Farina, Giane; Sposito, Otávio da Silva; Zanchi, César Henrique; Cenci, Maximiliano Sérgio

    2015-01-01

    The addition of chlorhexidine (CHX) to a resinous experimental Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (E-MTA) based root-end filling material is an alternative to boost its antimicrobial activity. However, the influence of chlorhexidine on the properties of this material is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of 2% chlorhexidine on the pH, calcium ion release and setting time of a Bisphenol A Ethoxylate Dimethacrylate/Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (Bis-EMA/MTA) based dual-cure experimental root-end filling material (E-MTA), in comparison with E-MTA without the addition of CHX and with conventional white MTA (W-MTA). The materials were placed in polyethylene tubes, and immersed in deionized water to determine pH (digital pH meter) and calcium ion release (atomic absorption spectrometry technique). The setting time of each material was analyzed using Gilmore needles. The data were statistically analyzed at a significance level of 5%. E-MTA + CHX showed an alkaline pH in the 3 h period of evaluation, the alkalinity of which decreased but remained as such for 15 days. The pH of E-MTA + CHX was higher than the other two materials after 7 days, and lower after 30 days (p < 0.05). All of the materials were found to release calcium ions throughout the 30 days of the study. The addition of CHX increased the calcium ion release of E-MTA to levels statistically similar to W-MTA. E-MTA showed shorter initial and final setting time, compared with W-MTA (p < 0.05). The addition of 2% CHX to MTA prevented setting of the material. The addition of CHX to E-MTA increased its pH and calcium ion release. However, it also prevented setting of the material.

  2. 5 CFR 3902.104 - Confidentiality of employees' statements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION § 3902.104 Confidentiality of employees' statements. Each supplemental statement of employment and financial interests...

  3. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Manufacturer Production Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information...

  4. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Manufacturer Production Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information...

  5. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Manufacturer Production Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information...

  6. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Manufacturer Production Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information...

  7. 40 CFR 94.517 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Manufacturer Production Line Testing Programs § 94.517 Treatment of confidential information. Except for information...

  8. National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (the MTA). Design challenges and choices.

    PubMed

    Arnold, L E; Abikoff, H B; Cantwell, D P; Conners, C K; Elliott, G; Greenhill, L L; Hechtman, L; Hinshaw, S P; Hoza, B; Jensen, P S; Kraemer, H C; March, J S; Newcorn, J H; Pelham, W E; Richters, J E; Schiller, E; Severe, J B; Swanson, J M; Vereen, D; Wells, K C

    1997-09-01

    The Collaborative Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the MTA, is the first child multisite cooperative agreement treatment study of children conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Md. It examines the long-term effectiveness of medication vs behavioral treatment vs both for treatment of ADHD and compares state-of-the-art treatment with routine community care. In a parallel-groups design, 576 children (age, 7-9 years) with ADHD (96 at each site) are thoroughly assessed and randomized to 4 conditions: (1) medication alone, (2) psychosocial treatment alone, (3) the combination of both, (4) or community comparison. The first 3 groups are treated for 14 months and all are reassessed periodically for 24 months. Designers met the following challenges: framing clinically relevant primary questions; defining the target population; choice, intensity, and integration and combination of treatments for fair comparisons; combining scientific controls and standardization with clinical flexibility; and implementing a controlled clinical trial in a nonclinical setting (school) controlled by others. Innovative solutions included extensive decision algorithms and manualized adaptations of treatments to specific needs.

  9. 76 FR 9012 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Electronic Consulting Services, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-16

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Electronic Consulting Services, Inc. AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Electronic... determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will...

  10. 75 FR 8330 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: EPA has authorized contractor, Eastern Research Group... Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data will occur no sooner than...

  11. 77 FR 68769 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: EPA has authorized its contractor, Eastern Research Group... Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data occurred on or about...

  12. 75 FR 78238 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-15

    ... AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Science Applications International Corporation and...: EPA has authorized its contractor, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) of San Diego... determined to be Confidential Business Information (CBI). DATES: Access to the confidential data...

  13. Altered Apical Morphology (Reverse Architecture): Use of Indirect Ultrasonic Technique for Orthograde MTA Placement in Maxillary Premolars

    PubMed Central

    Sonali, Kapoor; Suresh, Agrawal Vineet; Abhishek, Patel; Jenish, Patel

    2016-01-01

    Aim. To report the management and orthograde technique of MTA placement in case of reverse architecture maxillary premolars. Summary. Two cases of 17-year-old and 21-year-old female patients were referred to endodontic speciality for management of maxillary premolar having reverse architecture with wide immature open apex like a bell mouth. In both the cases, after control of intraradicular infection, it was decided to use MTA for apexification and obturation of canals. Orthograde placement of MTA is a challenging procedure in terms of length control and condensation especially in divergent irregular reverse architecture wide open apex. A novel technique with the help of finger plugger, sterilized paper point, and ultrasonic agitation for 3D compaction of MTA at apical reverse architecture was used. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure were confirmed one year after the treatment. PMID:27313910

  14. Current Molecular and Genetic Aspects of Pancreatic Cancer, the Role of Metastasis Associated Proteins (MTA): A Review.

    PubMed

    Pavlidis, Efstathios T; Pavlidis, Theodoros E

    2017-01-06

    Purpose/aim: To focus on current molecular and genetic aspects and MTA proteins, since pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignant with poor prognosis. Early diagnosis is essential step, contributing to potential curative resection.

  15. 49 CFR 512.22 - Under what circumstances may NHTSA modify a grant of confidentiality?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION Agency Treatment of Information Claimed To Be Confidential § 512.22 Under...

  16. 49 CFR 512.23 - Under what circumstances may NHTSA publicly release confidential information?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION Agency Treatment of Information Claimed To Be Confidential § 512.23...

  17. Endodontic management of open apex using MTA and platelet – rich fibrin membrane barrier: A newer matrix concept

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhry, Sarika; Talwar, Sangeeta; Verma, Mahesh

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Endodontic management of open apex using MTA and platelet – rich fibrin membrane as an apical matrix barrier. Study design: An immature tooth with pulpal necrosis and periapical pathology imposes a great difficulty to the endodontist. Endodontic treatment options for such teeth consist of conventional apexification procedure with and without apical barriers. This article demonstrates the use of an apical matrix barrier in form of a platelet rich fibrin membrane for stabilization of MTA in root end apexification procedure. PRF is an autologous fibrin matrix containing a large quantity of platelet and leukocyte cytokines, which enhance healing by release of growth factors. These case reports present apexification and successful healing with combined use of MTA and PRF membrane as an apical barrier Results: PRF membrane can serve as an efficient apical matrix for condensation of MTA. Combination of PRF membrane and MTA is an effective method for management of difficult cases of open apex. PRF is a strong fibrin membrane enriched with platelet and growth factors that accelerate periapical healing. Key words:Apexification, apical barrier, platelet rich fibrin (PRF), mineral trioxide (MTA). PMID:24455097

  18. Efficacy of MTA and CEM Cement with Collagen Membranes for Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects

    PubMed Central

    Ghanbari, Habib Ollah; Taheri, Morteza; Abolfazli, Salman; Asgary, Saeed; Gharechahi, Maryam

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of MTA and CEM cement in Class II furcation defects in human mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: Forty furcation defects were treated in 16 patients with chronic periodontitis. The clinical parameters of probing depth (PD), vertical and horizontal clinical attachment levels (VCAL and HCAL), open vertical and horizontal furcation depths (OVFD and OHFD), and gingival margin level (GML) were measured at baseline and at 3- and 6-month (re-entry surgery) postoperatively. Data were analyzed at a significance level of P<0.05. Results: Use of MTA and CEM caused significant decreases in PD, VCAL, HCAL, OVFD and OHFD at re-entry, with no statistically significant differences between the two treatment options in soft and hard tissue parameters. Conclusion: Both treatment modalities caused significant gains in attachment levels and bone fills, proving efficacy for treatment of Class II furcation involvements. PMID:25628670

  19. Beam Profile Measurement in MTA Beam Line for High Pressure RF Cavity Beam Test

    SciTech Connect

    Jana, M.R.; Bross, A.; Chung, M.; Greer, S.; Johnstone, C.; Kobilarcik, T.; Koizumi, G.; Leonova, M.; Moretti, A.; Popovic, M.; Schwartz, T.; /Fermilab /IIT, Chicago /PDT, Torino

    2012-05-15

    Recent High Pressure RF (HPRF) cavity experiment at MuCool Test Area (MTA) has used 400 MeV Linac proton beam to study the beam loading effect. When the energetic proton beam passes through the cavity, it ionizes the inside gas and produces the electrons. These electrons consume RF power inside the cavity. Number of electrons produced per cm inside the cavity (at 950 psi Hydrogen gas) per incident proton is {approx} 1200. The measurement of beam position and profile are necessary. MTA is flammable gas (Hydrogen) hazard zone so we have developed a passive beam diagnostic instrument using Chromox-6 scintillation screen and CCD camera. This paper presents quantitative information about beam position and beam profile. Neutral density filter was used to avoid saturation of CCD camera. Image data is filtered and fitted with Gaussian function to compute the beam size. The beam profile obtained from scintillation screen shall be compared with multi-wire beam profile.

  20. 10 CFR 207.4 - Confidentiality of energy information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Confidentiality of energy information. 207.4 Section 207.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL COLLECTION OF INFORMATION Collection of Information Under the Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974 § 207.4 Confidentiality of energy information....

  1. 10 CFR 207.4 - Confidentiality of energy information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidentiality of energy information. 207.4 Section 207.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL COLLECTION OF INFORMATION Collection of Information Under the Energy Supply and Environmental Coordination Act of 1974 § 207.4 Confidentiality of energy information....

  2. 19 CFR 201.6 - Confidential business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... business information (e.g., discussion of trends) will be treated as confidential business information only... business information shall be addressed to the Secretary, United States International Trade Commission, 500... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Confidential business information. 201.6...

  3. 28 CFR 40.10 - Records-nature; confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records-nature; confidentiality. 40.10 Section 40.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STANDARDS FOR INMATE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Minimum Standards for Inmate Grievance Procedures § 40.10 Records—nature; confidentiality. (a)...

  4. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46.6 Section 46.6 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS... Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that...

  5. 40 CFR 303.31 - Assurance of claimant confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Assurance of claimant confidentiality. 303.31 Section 303.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND... VIOLATIONS UNDER SUPERFUND Criteria for Payment of Award § 303.31 Assurance of claimant confidentiality....

  6. 40 CFR 303.31 - Assurance of claimant confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Assurance of claimant confidentiality. 303.31 Section 303.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND... VIOLATIONS UNDER SUPERFUND Criteria for Payment of Award § 303.31 Assurance of claimant confidentiality....

  7. 40 CFR 303.31 - Assurance of claimant confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Assurance of claimant confidentiality. 303.31 Section 303.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND... VIOLATIONS UNDER SUPERFUND Criteria for Payment of Award § 303.31 Assurance of claimant confidentiality....

  8. 40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and... person who asserts a claim of confidentiality for portions of the specific microorganism identity must... for a use of a microorganism must provide the information as described in § 725.88. (3) Any person...

  9. 40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and... person who asserts a claim of confidentiality for portions of the specific microorganism identity must... for a use of a microorganism must provide the information as described in § 725.88. (3) Any person...

  10. 40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and... person who asserts a claim of confidentiality for portions of the specific microorganism identity must... for a use of a microorganism must provide the information as described in § 725.88. (3) Any person...

  11. 40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and... person who asserts a claim of confidentiality for portions of the specific microorganism identity must... for a use of a microorganism must provide the information as described in § 725.88. (3) Any person...

  12. 40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and... person who asserts a claim of confidentiality for portions of the specific microorganism identity must... for a use of a microorganism must provide the information as described in § 725.88. (3) Any person...

  13. 45 CFR 1321.51 - Confidentiality and disclosure of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO STATE AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON AGING State Agency Responsibilities § 1321.51 Confidentiality and disclosure of information. (a) A State agency shall have procedures to protect the confidentiality of information about older persons collected in the conduct of its responsibilities....

  14. 45 CFR 1321.51 - Confidentiality and disclosure of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO STATE AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON AGING State Agency Responsibilities § 1321.51 Confidentiality and disclosure of information. (a) A State agency shall have procedures to protect the confidentiality of information about older persons collected in the conduct of its responsibilities....

  15. 45 CFR 1321.51 - Confidentiality and disclosure of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AMERICANS PROGRAMS GRANTS TO STATE AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON AGING State Agency Responsibilities § 1321.51 Confidentiality and disclosure of information. (a) A State agency shall have procedures to protect the confidentiality of information about older persons collected in the conduct of its responsibilities....

  16. 40 CFR 704.7 - Confidential business information claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Confidential business information... Provisions for Section 8(a) Information-Gathering Rules § 704.7 Confidential business information claims. (a... be complete. In that copy the respondent must indicate what data, if any, are claimed as...

  17. 28 CFR 40.10 - Records-nature; confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Records-nature; confidentiality. 40.10 Section 40.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STANDARDS FOR INMATE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Minimum Standards for Inmate Grievance Procedures § 40.10 Records—nature; confidentiality. (a)...

  18. 28 CFR 40.10 - Records-nature; confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Records-nature; confidentiality. 40.10 Section 40.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STANDARDS FOR INMATE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Minimum Standards for Inmate Grievance Procedures § 40.10 Records—nature; confidentiality. (a)...

  19. 28 CFR 40.10 - Records-nature; confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Records-nature; confidentiality. 40.10 Section 40.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STANDARDS FOR INMATE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Minimum Standards for Inmate Grievance Procedures § 40.10 Records—nature; confidentiality. (a)...

  20. 28 CFR 40.10 - Records-nature; confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Records-nature; confidentiality. 40.10 Section 40.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STANDARDS FOR INMATE GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES Minimum Standards for Inmate Grievance Procedures § 40.10 Records—nature; confidentiality. (a)...

  1. 18 CFR 1b.9 - Confidentiality of investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality of investigations. 1b.9 Section 1b.9 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.9 Confidentiality of...

  2. 18 CFR 1b.9 - Confidentiality of investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality of investigations. 1b.9 Section 1b.9 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.9 Confidentiality of...

  3. 40 CFR 92.4 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... without further notice to the submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... Regulations for Locomotives and Locomotive Engines § 92.4 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any... confidentiality must accompany the information at the time it is submitted to EPA. (c) To assert that...

  4. 40 CFR 85.2123 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... public by EPA without further notice to the submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted...) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany the information at the time it is submitted to EPA. (c)...

  5. 40 CFR 85.1808 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of the information submitted...) Any claim of confidentiality must accompany the information at the time it is submitted to EPA. (c)...

  6. 40 CFR 92.4 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... without further notice to the submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... Regulations for Locomotives and Locomotive Engines § 92.4 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any... confidentiality must accompany the information at the time it is submitted to EPA. (c) To assert that...

  7. 40 CFR 85.1415 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to the submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... the Agency. (c) To assert that information submitted pursuant to this subpart is confidential, a... Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any certifier may assert that some or all of the...

  8. 40 CFR 86.615-84 - Treatment of confidential information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... submitter, in accordance with 40 CFR 2.204(c)(2)(i)(A). ... submitted to EPA. (c) To assert that information submitted pursuant to this subpart is confidential, a....615-84 Treatment of confidential information. (a) Any manufacturer may assert that some or all of...

  9. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of...

  10. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of...

  11. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of...

  12. 19 CFR 143.4 - Confidentiality of data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Confidentiality of data. 143.4 Section 143.4 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Automated Broker Interface § 143.4 Confidentiality of...

  13. 50 CFR 229.11 - Confidential fisheries data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidential fisheries data. 229.11 Section 229.11 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972 General Provisions § 229.11 Confidential fisheries data. (a)...

  14. 50 CFR 229.11 - Confidential fisheries data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidential fisheries data. 229.11 Section 229.11 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972 General Provisions § 229.11 Confidential fisheries data. (a)...

  15. 50 CFR 229.11 - Confidential fisheries data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidential fisheries data. 229.11 Section 229.11 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC... MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972 General Provisions § 229.11 Confidential fisheries data. (a)...

  16. 42 CFR 2a.7 - Effect of Confidentiality Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. 2a.7 Section 2a.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PROTECTION OF IDENTITY-RESEARCH SUBJECTS § 2a.7 Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. (a) A...

  17. 42 CFR 2a.7 - Effect of Confidentiality Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. 2a.7 Section 2a.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PROTECTION OF IDENTITY-RESEARCH SUBJECTS § 2a.7 Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. (a) A...

  18. 42 CFR 2a.7 - Effect of Confidentiality Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. 2a.7 Section 2a.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PROTECTION OF IDENTITY-RESEARCH SUBJECTS § 2a.7 Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. (a) A...

  19. 42 CFR 2a.7 - Effect of Confidentiality Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. 2a.7 Section 2a.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PROTECTION OF IDENTITY-RESEARCH SUBJECTS § 2a.7 Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. (a) A...

  20. 42 CFR 2a.7 - Effect of Confidentiality Certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. 2a.7 Section 2a.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS PROTECTION OF IDENTITY-RESEARCH SUBJECTS § 2a.7 Effect of Confidentiality Certificate. (a) A...

  1. 47 CFR 76.9 - Confidentiality of proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality of proprietary information. 76.9 Section 76.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.9 Confidentiality of...

  2. 47 CFR 76.9 - Confidentiality of proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality of proprietary information. 76.9 Section 76.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.9 Confidentiality of...

  3. 47 CFR 76.9 - Confidentiality of proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality of proprietary information. 76.9 Section 76.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.9 Confidentiality of...

  4. 47 CFR 76.9 - Confidentiality of proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality of proprietary information. 76.9 Section 76.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.9 Confidentiality of...

  5. 47 CFR 76.9 - Confidentiality of proprietary information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Confidentiality of proprietary information. 76.9 Section 76.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE General § 76.9 Confidentiality of...

  6. 12 CFR 1203.11 - Confidentiality of net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidentiality of net worth exhibit. 1203.11 Section 1203.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 1203.11 Confidentiality of net worth...

  7. 12 CFR 1102.309 - Confidential treatment procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential treatment procedures. 1102.309... submission be afforded confidential treatment under 5 U.S.C. 552(b)(4) (i.e., trade secrets and commercial or... which are of a kind the submitter would not customarily make available to the public. (c)...

  8. 43 CFR 37.12 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Confidentiality of cave location information. 37.12 Section 37.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CAVE MANAGEMENT Cave Designation § 37.12 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information...

  9. 43 CFR 37.12 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Confidentiality of cave location information. 37.12 Section 37.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CAVE MANAGEMENT Cave Designation § 37.12 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information...

  10. 43 CFR 37.12 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Confidentiality of cave location information. 37.12 Section 37.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CAVE MANAGEMENT Cave Designation § 37.12 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information...

  11. 43 CFR 37.12 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Confidentiality of cave location information. 37.12 Section 37.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CAVE MANAGEMENT Cave Designation § 37.12 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information...

  12. 36 CFR 290.4 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Confidentiality of cave... AGRICULTURE CAVE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT § 290.4 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information... location of a significant cave or a cave nominated for designation, unless the authorized...

  13. 43 CFR 37.12 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Confidentiality of cave location information. 37.12 Section 37.12 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CAVE MANAGEMENT Cave Designation § 37.12 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information...

  14. 36 CFR 290.4 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Confidentiality of cave... AGRICULTURE CAVE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT § 290.4 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information... location of a significant cave or a cave nominated for designation, unless the authorized...

  15. 36 CFR 290.4 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Confidentiality of cave... AGRICULTURE CAVE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT § 290.4 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information... location of a significant cave or a cave nominated for designation, unless the authorized...

  16. 36 CFR 290.4 - Confidentiality of cave location information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Confidentiality of cave... AGRICULTURE CAVE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT § 290.4 Confidentiality of cave location information. (a) Information... location of a significant cave or a cave nominated for designation, unless the authorized...

  17. 7 CFR 1205.540 - Confidential books, records, and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Confidential books, records, and reports. 1205.540 Section 1205.540 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL... Confidential books, records, and reports. All information obtained from the books, records, and reports...

  18. 7 CFR 1205.540 - Confidential books, records, and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential books, records, and reports. 1205.540 Section 1205.540 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL... Confidential books, records, and reports. All information obtained from the books, records, and reports...

  19. 7 CFR 1205.540 - Confidential books, records, and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Confidential books, records, and reports. 1205.540 Section 1205.540 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL... Confidential books, records, and reports. All information obtained from the books, records, and reports...

  20. 7 CFR 1210.532 - Confidential books, records, and reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Confidential books, records, and reports. 1210.532... WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Rules and Regulations Records § 1210.532 Confidential books, records, and reports. All information obtained from the books, records, and reports of handlers and...