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Sample records for agreements change orders

  1. 48 CFR 53.216-1 - Delivery orders and orders under basic ordering agreements (OF 347).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... under basic ordering agreements (OF 347). 53.216-1 Section 53.216-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Delivery orders and orders under basic ordering agreements (OF 347). OF 347, Order for Supplies or Services. OF 347, prescribed in 53.213(f), (or an approved agency form) may be used to place orders...

  2. 48 CFR 16.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic ordering agreements... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 16.703 Basic ordering agreements. (a) Description. A basic ordering agreement is a written instrument of understanding, negotiated between an...

  3. 48 CFR 16.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basic ordering agreements... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 16.703 Basic ordering agreements. (a) Description. A basic ordering agreement is a written instrument of understanding, negotiated between an...

  4. 48 CFR 216.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic ordering agreements..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 216.703 Basic ordering agreements. (c) Limitations. The period during which orders may be placed against a basic...

  5. 48 CFR 216.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Basic ordering agreements..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 216.703 Basic ordering agreements. (c) Limitations. The period during which orders may be placed against a basic...

  6. 48 CFR 217.7103 - Master agreements and job orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Master agreements and job orders. 217.7103 Section 217.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Agreement for Repair and Alteration of Vessels 217.7103 Master agreements and job orders....

  7. 48 CFR 217.7103 - Master agreements and job orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Master agreements and job orders. 217.7103 Section 217.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Agreement for Repair and Alteration of Vessels 217.7103 Master agreements and job orders....

  8. 48 CFR 217.7103 - Master agreements and job orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Master agreements and job orders. 217.7103 Section 217.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Agreement for Repair and Alteration of Vessels 217.7103 Master agreements and job orders....

  9. 48 CFR 217.7103 - Master agreements and job orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Master agreements and job orders. 217.7103 Section 217.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Agreement for Repair and Alteration of Vessels 217.7103 Master agreements and job orders....

  10. 48 CFR 217.7103 - Master agreements and job orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Master agreements and job orders. 217.7103 Section 217.7103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Agreement for Repair and Alteration of Vessels 217.7103 Master agreements and job orders....

  11. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 955.92 Section 955.92 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Marketing Agreement § 955.92 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory hereby requests the Secretary...

  12. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 955.92 Section 955.92 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Marketing Agreement § 955.92 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory hereby requests the Secretary...

  13. 48 CFR 16.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Specify the point at which each order becomes a binding contract (e.g., issuance of the order, acceptance... agreement; and (vi) If fast payment procedures will apply to orders, include the special data required by...

  14. 48 CFR 16.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Specify the point at which each order becomes a binding contract (e.g., issuance of the order, acceptance... agreement; and (vi) If fast payment procedures will apply to orders, include the special data required by...

  15. 48 CFR 16.703 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Specify the point at which each order becomes a binding contract (e.g., issuance of the order, acceptance... agreement; and (vi) If fast payment procedures will apply to orders, include the special data required by...

  16. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA... issue, pursuant to the Act, an order providing for regulating the handling of Vidalia onions in the...

  17. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA... issue, pursuant to the Act, an order providing for regulating the handling of Vidalia onions in the...

  18. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA... issue, pursuant to the Act, an order providing for regulating the handling of Vidalia onions in the...

  19. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... § 958.91 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory handler requests the Secretary to...

  20. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... § 958.91 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory handler requests the Secretary to...

  1. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... § 958.91 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory handler requests the Secretary to...

  2. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... § 958.91 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory handler requests the Secretary to...

  3. 48 CFR 19.804-5 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., each order under a basic ordering agreement (BOA) in addition to offering and accepting the BOA itself... amount of orders issued under a specific BOA to exceed the competitive threshold amount in 19.805-1. (c... other than small for the NAICS code assigned under the BOA, SBA will not accept new orders for...

  4. 48 CFR 19.804-5 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., each order under a basic ordering agreement (BOA) in addition to offering and accepting the BOA itself... amount of orders issued under a specific BOA to exceed the competitive threshold amount in 19.805-1. (c... other than small for the NAICS code assigned under the BOA, SBA will not accept new orders for...

  5. 48 CFR 19.804-5 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., each order under a basic ordering agreement (BOA) in addition to offering and accepting the BOA itself... amount of orders issued under a specific BOA to exceed the competitive threshold amount in 19.805-1. (c... other than small for the NAICS code assigned under the BOA, SBA will not accept new orders for...

  6. 48 CFR 19.804-5 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., each order under a basic ordering agreement (BOA) in addition to offering and accepting the BOA itself... amount of orders issued under a specific BOA to exceed the competitive threshold amount in 19.805-1. (c... other than small for the NAICS code assigned under the BOA, SBA will not accept new orders for...

  7. 48 CFR 19.804-5 - Basic ordering agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., each order under a basic ordering agreement (BOA) in addition to offering and accepting the BOA itself... amount of orders issued under a specific BOA to exceed the competitive threshold amount in 19.805-1. (c... other than small for the NAICS code assigned under the BOA, SBA will not accept new orders for...

  8. 34 CFR 604.12 - Changes in the agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Changes in the agreement. 604.12 Section 604.12... Agreements § 604.12 Changes in the agreement. (a) The agreement shall remain in effect until substantial changes in administrative practices or planning processes would require its modification. (b)...

  9. 75 FR 55777 - Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... COMMISSION Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., containing a civil penalty of $125,000.00. DATES: Any interested person may ask the Commission not to accept this agreement or otherwise comment on its contents by...

  10. 75 FR 76405 - Winter Bee, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION Winter Bee, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer... Agreement with Winter Bee, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $200,000.00, to be suspended except for $40.... Settlement Agreement 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Winter Bee, Inc. (``Winter Bee'') and the...

  11. 76 FR 6453 - Raynor Marketing, Ltd., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-04

    ... COMMISSION Raynor Marketing, Ltd., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Raynor Marketing, Ltd., containing a civil penalty of $390,000.00. DATES: Any interested.... Settlement Agreement 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Raynor Marketing, Ltd. and the staff...

  12. 76 FR 10339 - Ms. Bubbles, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ... COMMISSION Ms. Bubbles, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer... Agreement with Ms. Bubbles, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $40,000.00. \\1\\ The Commission voted 5-0 to... Matter of Ms. Bubbles, Inc.; SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT 1. In accordance with 16 C.F.R. Sec. 1118.20,...

  13. 76 FR 20042 - Four Seasons Distributors, Inc.; Order Accepting Settlement Agreement and Terminating Proceeding

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration Four Seasons Distributors, Inc.; Order Accepting Settlement Agreement and..., Drug Enforcement Administration, issued an Order to Show Cause to Four Seasons Distributors,...

  14. 7 CFR 900.14 - Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... order. (e) Notice of issuance. After issuance of a marketing order, such order shall be filed with the... 7 Agriculture 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders. 900.14 Section 900.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  15. 7 CFR 900.14 - Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... order. (e) Notice of issuance. After issuance of a marketing order, such order shall be filed with the... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders. 900.14 Section 900.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  16. 7 CFR 900.14 - Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... order. (e) Notice of issuance. After issuance of a marketing order, such order shall be filed with the... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders. 900.14 Section 900.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture...

  17. 75 FR 46940 - Nufarm Limited; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ... Nufarm Limited; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal... methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the... following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the...

  18. 75 FR 70921 - Simon Property Group, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-19

    ... Simon Property Group, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public... practices or unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the... following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and the...

  19. 76 FR 37793 - Viking Range Corporation, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... COMMISSION Viking Range Corporation, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Viking Range Corporation, containing a civil penalty of $450,000.00. DATES: Any interested... 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Viking Range Corporation (``Viking'') and the staff...

  20. 78 FR 27190 - Williams-Sonoma, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... COMMISSION Williams-Sonoma, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer... Agreement with Williams- Sonoma, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $987,500, within twenty (20) days of... Consumer Product Safety Act, 15 U.S.C. 2051-2089 (CPSA) and 16 CFR 1118.20, Williams-Sonoma, Inc. (WS),...

  1. 18 CFR 154.601 - Change in executed service agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Change in executed service agreement. 154.601 Section 154.601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... demand delivery points, delivery pressures, names of industrial customers of the distributor-customer,...

  2. 22 CFR 233.13 - Change in agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Change in agreements. 233.13 Section 233.13 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE FURTHER CONTINUING APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2013, DIV. F, PUB. L. 113-6-STANDARD TERMS...

  3. 18 CFR 154.601 - Change in executed service agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Change in executed service agreement. 154.601 Section 154.601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... demand delivery points, delivery pressures, names of industrial customers of the distributor-customer,...

  4. 18 CFR 154.601 - Change in executed service agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Change in executed service agreement. 154.601 Section 154.601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... demand delivery points, delivery pressures, names of industrial customers of the distributor-customer,...

  5. 18 CFR 154.601 - Change in executed service agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Change in executed service agreement. 154.601 Section 154.601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY... demand delivery points, delivery pressures, names of industrial customers of the distributor-customer,...

  6. 76 FR 68189 - Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ... Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public... practices or unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the... public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment...

  7. 77 FR 63801 - Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: It is the policy of the Commission to...

  8. 76 FR 70722 - Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION Healthcare Technology Holdings, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment Correction In notice document 2011-28497 appearing on pages 68189-68191 in the issue of...

  9. 77 FR 33218 - Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment AGENCY... unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations... public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment...

  10. Constituent Structure and Linear Order in Language Production: Evidence from Subject-Verb Agreement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskell, Todd R.; MacDonald, Maryellen C.

    2005-01-01

    A number of studies have shown that structural factors play a much larger role than the linear order of words during the production of grammatical agreement. These findings have been used as evidence for a stage in the production process at which hierarchical relations between constituents have been established (a necessary precursor to…

  11. 77 FR 52021 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury Refining...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-28

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury Refining... ``Settling Parties'') pertaining to the Mercury Refining Superfund Site (``Site'') located in the Towns of... each Settling Party to the EPA Hazardous Substance Superfund Mercury Refining Superfund Site...

  12. 78 FR 40140 - Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury Refining...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury Refining... between EPA and Titan Wheel Corporation of Illinois (hereafter ``Titan'') pertaining to the Mercury.... Comments should be sent to the individual identified below and should reference the Mercury...

  13. 78 FR 45194 - General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-26

    ... General Electric Company; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public Comment... section below. Write ``General Electric, File No. 131 0069'' on your comment and file your comment online...'') with General Electric Company (``GE''), which is designed to remedy the anticompetitive effects of...

  14. 78 FR 24201 - Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade... comment on paper, mail or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission,...

  15. 77 FR 14523 - Western Digital Corporation; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... Western Digital Corporation; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment AGENCY... Comment part of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below. Write ``Western Digital, File No. 111 0122... consider your comment, we must receive it on or before April 4, 2012. Write ``Western Digital, File No....

  16. 76 FR 24481 - Notice of Two Proposed Agreements, a CERCLA Agreement and Order on Consent for Removal Action by...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... disclose facts or considerations which indicate that the Agreements are inappropriate, improper, or.... Environmental Protection Agency Caribbean Office, Office of Regional Counsel, Centro Europa Building, 1492...

  17. A Law of Order: Word Order Change in Classical Aztec

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, Susan M.

    1976-01-01

    The verb in Classical Aztec is slowly moving from the end of the sentence to the beginning due to the attraction of sentence initial modal particles to the verb. Not only the function but also the position of elements should be examined to account for word-order change. (SCC)

  18. 18 CFR 154.601 - Change in executed service agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... service agreement. 154.601 Section 154.601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS... superseding executed service agreement only. Service agreements may not contain any supplements, but...

  19. 76 FR 77981 - Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-15

    ... COMMISSION Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $600,000.00. DATES: Any interested... Agreement 1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. (``Build-A-Bear'') and staff...

  20. 42 CFR 137.367 - May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... construction project agreement? 137.367 Section 137.367 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...-GOVERNANCE Construction Roles of the Secretary in Establishing and Implementing Construction Project Agreements § 137.367 May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?...

  1. 42 CFR 137.367 - May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... construction project agreement? 137.367 Section 137.367 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...-GOVERNANCE Construction Roles of the Secretary in Establishing and Implementing Construction Project Agreements § 137.367 May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?...

  2. 42 CFR 137.367 - May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... construction project agreement? 137.367 Section 137.367 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...-GOVERNANCE Construction Roles of the Secretary in Establishing and Implementing Construction Project Agreements § 137.367 May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?...

  3. 42 CFR 137.367 - May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... construction project agreement? 137.367 Section 137.367 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...-GOVERNANCE Construction Roles of the Secretary in Establishing and Implementing Construction Project Agreements § 137.367 May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?...

  4. 42 CFR 137.367 - May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... construction project agreement? 137.367 Section 137.367 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...-GOVERNANCE Construction Roles of the Secretary in Establishing and Implementing Construction Project Agreements § 137.367 May the Secretary issue a stop work order under a construction project agreement?...

  5. 75 FR 54064 - Consultation Agreements: Proposed Changes to Consultation Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-03

    ... 1908 have been reviewed under Executive Order 12612, Federalism (52 FR 41685; October 30, 1987), which... FR 111), January 2, 1997; No. 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), No. 5-2007 (72 FR 31159). Signed at Washington... Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 656, 657, 667, 670 672) and Secretary of Labor's Order No. 6-96 (62 FR 111);...

  6. Agreement Between Michigan State University and Lodge 141, Fraternal Order of Police, Michigan State University Division, July 1, 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.

    This agreement, entered into July 1, 1974, is between the Board of Trustees of Michigan State University and Lodge 141 of the Fraternal Order of Police, Michigan State University Division. It is the intent and purpose of this agreement to assure sound and mutually beneficial working and economic relationships between the parties, to provide an…

  7. 26 CFR 1.467-9 - Effective dates and automatic method changes for certain agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...)(1) and, if applicable, § 1.467-1(f)(1)(i)). (e) Change in method of accounting—(1) In general. For... change its method of accounting for rental agreements described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section to... Commissioner to change its method of accounting for any rental agreement described in paragraph (c) of...

  8. Pollution prevention and stratospheric ozone layer protection through innovative procurement methods: The chiller basic ordering agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Snyder, R.E.; Coyle, J.E.; Guice, J.R. Jr.; Kale, S.H.

    1997-12-31

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and the General Services Administration (GSA) have devised an affirmative procurement vehicle to encourage replacement of chillers using chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants harmful to the Earth`s stratospheric ozone layer. Procurement selections are based on lowest life cycle cost. Linked with a DOE-developed Equipment Specification for 100 to 2,000 ton chillers that is crafted broadly enough to address about 90% of the Federal water-cooled chiller procurements, the Basic Ordering Agreement (BOA) process significantly reduces redundant design, procurement, and other costs associated with Federal purchasing of chillers through the cutting of red tape associated with buying industrial equipment. While serving to minimize the release of ozone-depleting substances (about six million tons of CFCs) to the environment, the installation of more energy-efficient chillers also promotes environmental stewardship in that reduced energy consumption translates into reduced emissions of noxious gases from the generation of electricity. Use of the BOA to purchase chillers consistent with Federal energy efficiency standards will contribute to reductions of almost a million tons annually of nitrous oxides, sulfur dioxide, and other pollutants from power plant emissions. Reduced electricity consumption of approximately 1.5 billion kilowatt hours per year by switching to more efficient chillers equates to an annual monetary savings of $75 million.

  9. 75 FR 42749 - Fidelity National Financial, Inc.; Analysis of the Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION... AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Proposed Consent Agreement. SUMMARY: The consent agreement in... mailed or delivered to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Room...

  10. 77 FR 66867 - Corning Incorporated; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION...: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Proposed Consent Agreement. SUMMARY: The consent agreement in this... following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of the Secretary, Room H-113 (Annex D), 600...

  11. 78 FR 48342 - Consultation Agreements: Proposed Changes to Consultation Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ... On-site Consultation Program in the Federal Register (75 FR 54064-54069). The proposed rule included... (77 FR 3912), January 25, 2012; No. 3-2000 (65 FR 50017), No. 5-2007 (72 FR 31159). Signed at... Changes to Consultation Procedures AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA),...

  12. 14 CFR 1274.302 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements. 1274.302 Section 1274.302 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Administration § 1274.302 Transfers, novations, and change...

  13. 14 CFR 1274.302 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements. 1274.302 Section 1274.302 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Administration § 1274.302 Transfers, novations, and change...

  14. 14 CFR 1274.302 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements. 1274.302 Section 1274.302 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Administration § 1274.302 Transfers, novations, and change...

  15. 14 CFR 1274.302 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements. 1274.302 Section 1274.302 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Administration § 1274.302 Transfers, novations, and change...

  16. 3 CFR 13502 - Executive Order 13502 of February 6, 2009. Use of Project Labor Agreements for Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... agreements in connection with large-scale construction projects in order to promote economy and efficiency in... construction projects, it is hereby ordered that: Section 1. Policy. (a) Large-scale construction projects pose... developing by providing structure and stability to large-scale construction projects, thereby promoting...

  17. 43 CFR 30.153 - Is an order approving an agreement considered a partition or sale transaction?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... transaction under 25 CFR part 152. ... considered a partition or sale transaction? 30.153 Section 30.153 Public Lands: Interior Office of the....153 Is an order approving an agreement considered a partition or sale transaction? An order issued...

  18. 43 CFR 30.153 - Is an order approving an agreement considered a partition or sale transaction?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... transaction under 25 CFR part 152. ... considered a partition or sale transaction? 30.153 Section 30.153 Public Lands: Interior Office of the....153 Is an order approving an agreement considered a partition or sale transaction? An order issued...

  19. 76 FR 78259 - Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION... Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Proposed Consent Agreement. SUMMARY: The consent..., mail or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of...

  20. 76 FR 78258 - Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION... Comment AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Proposed consent agreement. SUMMARY: The consent..., mail or deliver your comment to the following address: Federal Trade Commission, Office of...

  1. Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order quarterly progress report for the period ending June 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This is the ninth quarterly report as required by the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Ecology et al. 1990), also known as the Tri-Party Agreement, established between the US Department of Energy (DOE), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). The Tri-Party Agreement sets the plan and schedule for achieving regulatory compliance and cleanup of waste sites at the Hanford Site. This report covers progress for the quarter that ended June 30, 1991. A total of 87 milestones have been completed to date. 39 refs., 1 fig.

  2. 75 FR 48686 - Tops Markets LLC; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders to Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-11

    ... anticompetitive effects that would otherwise result from Tops' acquisition of the supermarket assets of Penn Traffic. The proposed Consent Agreement requires divestiture of seven Penn Traffic supermarkets and... Traffic's assets, including its 79 supermarkets in New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and New Hampshire...

  3. 77 FR 58098 - Haier America Trading, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... accordance with the terms of 16 CFR 1118.20(e). Published below is a provisionally-accepted Settlement... retailers, approximately 53,800 electric blenders (``Blenders''). The Blenders were sold at retail stores in...(e). If the Commission does not receive any written request not to accept the Agreement within...

  4. 48 CFR 42.1205 - Agreement to recognize contractor's change of name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... AGREEMENT The ABC CORPORATION (Contractor), a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of... certificate of incorporation, dated ____, 20_, has changed its corporate name to ABC CORPORATION. (3) This... PARTIES AGREE THAT— (1) The contracts covered by this Agreement are amended by substituting the name...

  5. 77 FR 26796 - Product Change-Standard Mail Saturation Flats Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Standard Mail Saturation Flats Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION... Regulatory Commission to add a Standard Mail Saturation Flats negotiated service agreement to the...

  6. 14 CFR § 1274.302 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements. § 1274.302 Section § 1274.302 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Administration § 1274.302 Transfers, novations,...

  7. 75 FR 56538 - Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders to Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... Products and Chemicals, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders to Aid Public... practices or unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the... period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of...

  8. 75 FR 7266 - Roaring Fork Valley Physicians I.P.A.; Analysis of the Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-18

    ... Roaring Fork Valley Physicians I.P.A.; Analysis of the Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public.... Comments should refer to ``Roaring Fork Valley, File No. 061 0172'' to facilitate the organization of... release describing it. A comment filed in paper form should include the ``Roaring Fork Valley, File...

  9. The Effects of Word Order on Subject-Verb and Object-Verb Agreement: Evidence from Basque

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santesteban, Mikel; Pickering, Martin J.; Branigan, Holly P.

    2013-01-01

    We report two experiments investigating subject-verb and object-verb agreement in Basque. Participants repeated and completed preambles containing singular or plural subjects and objects in sentences with canonical subject-object-verb (SOV) or non-canonical object-subject-verb (OSV) order; in Experiment 2, they did so while remembering two…

  10. 78 FR 3883 - The Bon-Ton Stores, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-17

    ... laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, with its principal corporate office located in York, PA. Bon... conclusions of law; and (e) any claims under the Equal Access to Justice Act. 20. The Commission may publicize... unenforceable under present or future laws effective during the terms of the Agreement and the Order,...

  11. 77 FR 31611 - Proposed CERCLA Section 122(g)(4) Administrative Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-29

    ... AGENCY Proposed CERCLA Section 122(g)(4) Administrative Agreement and Order on Consent for the Mercury... the Mercury Refining Superfund Site (``Site'') located in the Towns of Guilderland and Colonie, Albany... Hazardous Substance Superfund Mercury Refining Superfund Site Special Account, which combined total...

  12. 77 FR 12880 - Notice of Lodging of Agreement and Order Regarding Modification of Consent Decree as to ARCO...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-02

    ... of Lodging of Agreement and Order Regarding Modification of Consent Decree as to ARCO Chemical... Modification of Consent Decree as to ARCO Chemical Company and Atlantic Richfield Company (``Consent Decree... Plan (``NCP''), 40 CFR part 300. On December 8, 1998, the court entered a Consent Decree as to...

  13. 14 CFR 1260.73 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... merger or acquisition by the new organization. Change of name agreements are legal instruments executed by an organization and NASA that recognizes the legal change of name of the organization without... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfers, novations, and change of...

  14. 14 CFR 1260.73 - Transfers, novations, and change of name agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... merger or acquisition by the new organization. Change of name agreements are legal instruments executed by an organization and NASA that recognizes the legal change of name of the organization without... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Transfers, novations, and change of...

  15. 48 CFR 43.203 - Change order accounting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Change order accounting... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.203 Change order accounting procedures. (a) Contractors' accounting systems are seldom designed to segregate the costs of performing changed...

  16. 48 CFR 43.203 - Change order accounting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.203 Change order accounting procedures. (a) Contractors' accounting systems are seldom designed to segregate the costs of performing changed work... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Change order...

  17. 48 CFR 43.203 - Change order accounting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.203 Change order accounting procedures. (a) Contractors' accounting systems are seldom designed to segregate the costs of performing changed work... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Change order...

  18. 48 CFR 43.203 - Change order accounting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Change order accounting... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.203 Change order accounting procedures. (a) Contractors' accounting systems are seldom designed to segregate the costs of performing changed...

  19. 48 CFR 43.203 - Change order accounting procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Change order accounting... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.203 Change order accounting procedures. (a) Contractors' accounting systems are seldom designed to segregate the costs of performing changed...

  20. 45 CFR 672.11 - Informal settlement; consent agreement and order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... order. (a) Settlement policy. The Agency encourages settlement of a proceeding at any time if the... Conservation Act. An assessment of the monetary value of any action in mitigation shall be made before...

  1. Tackling air pollution and extreme climate changes in China: Implementing the Paris climate change agreement.

    PubMed

    Tambo, Ernest; Duo-Quan, Wang; Zhou, Xiao-Nong

    2016-10-01

    China still depends on coal for more than 60% of its power despite big investments in the process of shifting to nuclear, solar and wind power renewable energy resources alignment with Paris climate change agreement (Paris CCA). Chinese government through the Communist Party Central Committee (CPCC) ascribes great importance and commitment to Paris CCA legacy and history landmark implementation at all levels. As the world's biggest carbon dioxide emitter, China has embarked on "SMART" pollution and climate changes programs and measures to reduce coal-fired power plants to less than 50% in the next five years include: new China model of energy policies commitment on CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions reductions to less than 20% non-fossil energy use by 2030 without undermining their economic growth, newly introduced electric vehicles transportation benefits, interactive and sustained air quality index (AQI) monitoring systems, decreasing reliance on fossil fuel economic activities, revision of energy price reforms and renewable energy to less energy efficient technologies development. Furthermore, ongoing CPCC improved environmental initiatives, implemented strict regulations and penalties on local companies and firms' pollution production management, massive infrastructures such as highways to reduce CO2 expansion of seven regional emissions trading markets and programs for CO2 emissions and other pollutants are being documented. Maximizing on the centralized nature of the China's government, implemented Chinese pollution, climate changes mitigation and adaptation initiatives, "SMART" strategies and credible measures are promising. A good and practical example is the interactive and dynamic website and database covering 367 Chinese cities and providing real time information on environmental and pollution emissions AQI. Also, water quality index (WQI), radiation and nuclear safety monitoring and management systems over time and space. These are ongoing Chinese

  2. Tackling air pollution and extreme climate changes in China: Implementing the Paris climate change agreement.

    PubMed

    Tambo, Ernest; Duo-Quan, Wang; Zhou, Xiao-Nong

    2016-10-01

    China still depends on coal for more than 60% of its power despite big investments in the process of shifting to nuclear, solar and wind power renewable energy resources alignment with Paris climate change agreement (Paris CCA). Chinese government through the Communist Party Central Committee (CPCC) ascribes great importance and commitment to Paris CCA legacy and history landmark implementation at all levels. As the world's biggest carbon dioxide emitter, China has embarked on "SMART" pollution and climate changes programs and measures to reduce coal-fired power plants to less than 50% in the next five years include: new China model of energy policies commitment on CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions reductions to less than 20% non-fossil energy use by 2030 without undermining their economic growth, newly introduced electric vehicles transportation benefits, interactive and sustained air quality index (AQI) monitoring systems, decreasing reliance on fossil fuel economic activities, revision of energy price reforms and renewable energy to less energy efficient technologies development. Furthermore, ongoing CPCC improved environmental initiatives, implemented strict regulations and penalties on local companies and firms' pollution production management, massive infrastructures such as highways to reduce CO2 expansion of seven regional emissions trading markets and programs for CO2 emissions and other pollutants are being documented. Maximizing on the centralized nature of the China's government, implemented Chinese pollution, climate changes mitigation and adaptation initiatives, "SMART" strategies and credible measures are promising. A good and practical example is the interactive and dynamic website and database covering 367 Chinese cities and providing real time information on environmental and pollution emissions AQI. Also, water quality index (WQI), radiation and nuclear safety monitoring and management systems over time and space. These are ongoing Chinese

  3. 42 CFR 489.18 - Change of ownership or leasing: Effect on provider agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., subpart C, of this chapter. (4) Compliance with civil rights requirements set forth in 45 CFR Parts 80, 84... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Change of ownership or leasing: Effect on provider... APPROVAL General Provisions § 489.18 Change of ownership or leasing: Effect on provider agreement. (a)...

  4. 48 CFR 52.243-6 - Change Order Accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Change Order Accounting....243-6 Change Order Accounting. As prescribed in 43.205(f), the contracting officer may insert a clause, substantially the same as follows: Change Order Accounting (APR 1984) The Contracting Officer may require...

  5. 48 CFR 52.243-6 - Change Order Accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Change Order Accounting....243-6 Change Order Accounting. As prescribed in 43.205(f), the contracting officer may insert a clause, substantially the same as follows: Change Order Accounting (APR 1984) The Contracting Officer may require...

  6. 48 CFR 52.243-6 - Change Order Accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Change Order Accounting....243-6 Change Order Accounting. As prescribed in 43.205(f), the contracting officer may insert a clause, substantially the same as follows: Change Order Accounting (APR 1984) The Contracting Officer may require...

  7. 48 CFR 43.202 - Authority to issue change orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority to issue change orders. 43.202 Section 43.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS Change Orders 43.202 Authority to issue change orders....

  8. 48 CFR 52.243-6 - Change Order Accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Change Order Accounting....243-6 Change Order Accounting. As prescribed in 43.205(f), the contracting officer may insert a clause, substantially the same as follows: Change Order Accounting (APR 1984) The Contracting Officer may require...

  9. 48 CFR 52.243-6 - Change Order Accounting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Change Order Accounting....243-6 Change Order Accounting. As prescribed in 43.205(f), the contracting officer may insert a clause, substantially the same as follows: Change Order Accounting (APR 1984) The Contracting Officer may require...

  10. Glacier mass change projections and commitments resulting from the Paris Agreement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marzeion, Ben; Kaser, Georg; Maussion, Fabien

    2016-04-01

    At COP21, the UNFCCC agreed to hold "the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels". Using an ensemble of global glacier model integrations, we estimate the glacier mass change commitment and its temporal evolution resulting from a hypothesized success of the Paris Agreement. Our preliminary results indicate that under 1.5°C global mean temperature increase, glaciers will eventually lose mass corresponding to 133 mm SLE (90 % confidence interval: 83 to 154 mm SLE), compared to 164 mm SLE (110 to 184 mm SLE) under 2.0°C warming. In order to stabilize glaciers at their current global mass, a temperature of 0.17°C (-0.13 to 0.43°C) above pre-industrial would be required. Only a fraction of the long-term mass loss would be realized within the 21st century. Based on scaling existing GCM integrations under the RCP2.6 scenario to 1.5°C global warming, 21st century mass loss of glaciers would correspond to 84 mm SLE (64 to 110 mm SLE). Under the original RCP2.6 scenario, this number climbs to 100 mm SLE (67 to 137 mm SLE).

  11. Simulating the Enrollment Effects of Changes in the Tuition Reciprocity Agreement between Minnesota and Wisconsin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DesJardins, Stephen L.

    1999-01-01

    Recent negotiations to amend the tuition reciprocity agreement between Minnesota and Wisconsin would require Wisconsin students attending the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities campus to pay a tuition surcharge. Simulations of how the proposed changes would affect enrollment and revenue showed that the proposed surcharge would not adversely…

  12. 78 FR 56248 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... the Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel...

  13. 77 FR 66193 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... the Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service To Add Parcel...

  14. 77 FR 42780 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select Contract 4...

  15. 77 FR 42780 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select Contract 5...

  16. 77 FR 42780 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select Contract 3...

  17. 78 FR 63521 - Product Change-Parcel Select & Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select & Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM... Parcel Select & Parcel Return Service Contract 5 to Competitive Product List. Documents are available...

  18. 77 FR 28410 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select Contract 1 to...

  19. 76 FR 2930 - Product Change-Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... ] Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select Contract 1 to...

  20. 77 FR 28409 - Product Change-Parcel Select & Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select & Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM... Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select &...

  1. 77 FR 37078 - Product Change-Parcel Select and Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Product Change--Parcel Select and Parcel Return Service Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Service TM... Postal Regulatory Commission a Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Parcel Select &...

  2. The changing Arena: New DOE waste management orders

    SciTech Connect

    Albenesius, E L; Kluk, A F

    1988-01-01

    There are five orders that address waste management within the Department of Energy (DOE); three of these orders are being revised, which emphasize the rapidly changing arena in which the department is contending in this field. The need to change the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Order arose from the Superfund amendments of 1986 (SARA) with its hammer provisions in Section 120 for compliance at Federal facilities. The need to change the Hazardous and Mixed Waste Management Order was accelerated by the promulgation by DOE of the new mixed waste rule on May 1, 1987, (1) and cancellation of the obsolete existing order on October 5, 1987. The new rule requires coregulation of all DOE mixed waste with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the respective authorized states. 5 refs.

  3. [Corneal higher order aberrations and their changes with aging].

    PubMed

    Cermáková, S; Skorkovská, S

    2010-12-01

    Cornea is the most important refractive medium of the eye and affects its total aberration state. This paper deals with corneal higher order aberrations in healthy humans and evaluates their changes with aging and corneal curvature. The influence of the corneal anterior and posterior surfaces on aberrations of the whole cornea was also investigated. The examination was performed with a Scheimpflug camera which enables to examine the anterior and posterior corneal surface separately. The results show that higher order aberrations of the whole cornea are influenced mainly by the anterior surface aberrations. The main corneal higher order aberration is the Z (4,0) spherical aberration which has a positive value and increases with age. Also, 3rd order aberration values are of importance, especially coma which also increases with age. As a consequence, the root-mean-square of the 3rd and 4th order aberrations in elderly people has a higher value.

  4. Studies of the limit order book around large price changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tóth, B.; Kertész, J.; Farmer, J. D.

    2009-10-01

    We study the dynamics of the limit order book of liquid stocks after experiencing large intra-day price changes. In the data we find large variations in several microscopical measures, e.g., the volatility the bid-ask spread, the bid-ask imbalance, the number of queuing limit orders, the activity (number and volume) of limit orders placed and canceled, etc. The relaxation of the quantities is generally very slow that can be described by a power law of exponent ≈ 0.4. We introduce a numerical model in order to understand the empirical results better. We find that with a zero intelligence deposition model of the order flow the empirical results can be reproduced qualitatively. This suggests that the slow relaxations might not be results of agents' strategic behaviour. Studying the difference between the exponents found empirically and numerically helps us to better identify the role of strategic behaviour in the phenomena. in here

  5. 13 CFR 305.13 - Contract change orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PUBLIC WORKS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS Requirements for Approved Projects § 305.13 Contract... receive EDA review for compliance with the terms and conditions of the Investment award, even if the... contract price. (c) Work on the Project may continue pending EDA review of the contract change order,...

  6. 13 CFR 305.13 - Contract change orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PUBLIC WORKS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS Requirements for Approved Projects § 305.13 Contract... receive EDA review for compliance with the terms and conditions of the Investment award, even if the... contract price. (c) Work on the Project may continue pending EDA review of the contract change order,...

  7. 76 FR 69120 - Regulatory Changes To Implement the United States/Australian Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... of America Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy'' (the Agreement). The Agreement prohibits the... United States of America Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, dated 2010, Australian-obligated... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR...

  8. Order Amidst Change: Work and Family Trajectories in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Rindfuss, Ronald R.; Choe, Minja Kim; Kabamalan, Maria Midea M.; Tsuya, Noriko O.; Bumpass, Larry L.

    2011-01-01

    Substantial family and work macro-level change has been occurring in Japan. Examples include a decline in the availability of jobs that afford lifetime protection against unemployment, an increase in jobs that do not carry benefits such as a pension, an increase in age at marriage and at first birth, and an increase in marital dissolution. Using life history data from the 2000 National Survey on Family and Economic Conditions, young Japanese appear to have responded to these macro-level changes in a fairly orderly manner. Marriage and childbearing have been postponed, but marriage still precedes childbearing. Education is completed prior to starting work. For men, once work commences they continue working. For women, the classic conflict between work and family roles is evident. For men and women in both the family and work spheres Japanese young adults have more orderly life course trajectories than American young adults. PMID:21547009

  9. 75 FR 28616 - Agilent Technologies, Inc.; Analysis of the Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ... Agreement, Agilent will: (1) divest the assets of its Micro Gas Chromatography (``Micro GC'') instruments... Section 5 of the FTC Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 45, by lessening competition in the markets for Micro.... Varian also offers a line of vacuum pumps, which are important components in a variety of...

  10. 76 FR 56455 - DaVita, Inc.; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-13

    ... management contract in 22 markets across the United States. The Consent Agreement has been placed on the... be able to exercise unilateral market power. The evidence shows that health insurance companies and... your comment. Your comment--including your name and your state--will be placed on the public record...

  11. The role of international environmental agreements in metered-dose inhaler technology changes.

    PubMed

    Forte, R; Dibble, C

    1999-12-01

    Introduced in the 1950s, metered dose inhalers (MDIs) became a revolutionary way to deliver medication directly to the lungs of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Since their initial introduction, MDIs have used chlorofluorocarbons to propel the medication out of the canister into a patient's lungs. This article presents an overview of the global transition away from the use of chlorofluorocarbon propellants in MDIs to non-ozone-depleting substitutes including hydrofluoroalkane (outside of the pharmaceutical industry and in the context of Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol discussions, these gases are referred to as hydrofluorocarbons; hydrofluoroalkane-134a, for example, is referred to as hydrofluorocarbon-134a) propellants, in accordance with the terms of the international environmental agreement the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer (the Montreal Protocol). This article will also describe the environmental characteristics of chlorofluorocarbons and hydrofluoroalkanes when they are used as MDI propellants. Finally, the article will review key provisions of the pending Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (the Kyoto Protocol) that may affect the future of hydrofluoroalkanes.

  12. 78 FR 77621 - Forum To Discuss Proposed Changes To Implement the Hague Agreement Concerning International...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... Designs, 78 FR 71870 (Nov. 29, 2013). Public comments will not be solicited for the forum. However... To Implement the Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial Designs AGENCY... International Registration of Industrial Designs (``Hague Agreement'') and is to take effect on the entry...

  13. 48 CFR 42.1205 - Agreement to recognize contractor's change of name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Agreement to recognize... was properly effected under applicable law and showing the effective date. (3) A list of all affected... AGREEMENT The ABC CORPORATION (Contractor), a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws...

  14. 78 FR 17720 - Notice of Lodging of Revised Second Agreement and Order Regarding Modification of the Consent...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... Modification upon written request and payment of reproduction costs. Please mail your request and payment to... or money order for $7.00 (25 cents per page reproduction cost) payable to the United States...

  15. 75 FR 35033 - U-Haul International, Inc. and AMERCO; Analysis of Agreement Containing Consent Order to Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... consent order with U-Haul International, Inc. and its parent company AMERCO (collectively referred to as... company in the United States. Edward J. Shoen is the Chairman, President and Director of AMERCO, and the... developed a strategy in an attempt to eliminate this competition and thereby secure higher rates. Mr....

  16. 48 CFR 1642.1205 - Agreement to recognize carrier's change of name.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Agreement to recognize... new Carrier name), a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of (insert State), and the... of name became effective under applicable State law). (a) THE PARTIES AGREE TO THE FOLLOWING...

  17. 26 CFR 1.467-9 - Effective dates and automatic method changes for certain agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... project IA-292-84 to certain leasebacks and long-term agreements. In the case of any leaseback or long... project IA-292-84 (1996-2 C.B. 462)(see § 601.601(d)(2) of this chapter). (d) Entered into. For purposes... regulation project IA-292-84. For the first taxable year ending after May 18, 1999, a taxpayer is...

  18. 28 CFR 51.18 - Federal court-ordered changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... governmental body. McDaniel v. Sanchez, 452 U.S. 130 (1981). (See also § 51.22.) (b) Subsequent changes. Where... authority demonstrating that the change reflects its policy choices (e.g., adoption or ratification of...

  19. Curriculum Change and Self-Governing Agreements: A Yukon First Nation Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewthwaite, Brian Ellis; Owen, Thomas; Doiron, Ashley

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments in Canada's Yukon Territory draw attention to how political changes have potential for accelerating practices in education that are responsive to Indigenous Peoples' cultural knowledge systems and practices. In this study, through the use of case study methodology, an account of the changes that have occurred in one First…

  20. 18 CFR 35.13 - Filing of changes in rate schedules, tariffs or service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... department cost of service, total and as allocated. (37) BL—Rate design information. (38) Statement BM... required by letter. (b) General information. (c) Information relating to the effect of the rate schedule change. (d) Cost of service information. (1) Filing of Period I data. (2) Filing of Period II data....

  1. Predicting order of conformational changes during protein conformational transitions using an interpolated elastic network model.

    PubMed

    Tekpinar, Mustafa; Zheng, Wenjun

    2010-08-15

    The decryption of sequence of structural events during protein conformational transitions is essential to a detailed understanding of molecular functions of various biological nanomachines. Coarse-grained models have proven useful by allowing highly efficient simulations of protein conformational dynamics. By combining two coarse-grained elastic network models constructed based on the beginning and end conformations of a transition, we have developed an interpolated elastic network model to generate a transition pathway between the two protein conformations. For validation, we have predicted the order of local and global conformational changes during key ATP-driven transitions in three important biological nanomachines (myosin, F(1) ATPase and chaperonin GroEL). We have found that the local conformational change associated with the closing of active site precedes the global conformational change leading to mechanical motions. Our finding is in good agreement with the distribution of intermediate experimental structures, and it supports the importance of local motions at active site to drive or gate various conformational transitions underlying the workings of a diverse range of biological nanomachines.

  2. The new world order, global change, and space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cremins, Tom

    The prevailing currents of the past forty-five years, containment and deterrence, are fast becoming absorbed within a sea of new challenges. Global dynamics, such as economic and environmental interdependence, have emerged along with other new challenges to national and international security. These forces are beginning to be grasped. In the U.S., policy makers increasingly assert that a "new world order" is on the doorstep and that U.S. security policy needs to be redefined. The outline of a new world order, though, is still largely being shaped around collective responses to military situations. Other global challenges, as well as additional approaches to potential conflicts, remain to be integrated into the national and international security framework. This paper contends that by addressing a broader range of security elements and capitalizing on key technologies, primarily information systems, that an opportunity exists for the U.S. to lead the development of a comprehensive new world order. The paper looks at current national and international programs dealing with the environment, which are centered around the use of information systems, particularly data derived from space systems, as providing a starting point to construct international security frameworks which match the challenges of a new era. The International Space Year's Mission to Planet Earth, the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program, and U.N. initiatives are all examined, with an orientation towards U.S. policy. This analysis provides a basis for laying out programs and proposals that address an integrated array of security issues. These programs and proposals offer a number of option paths of varying scope and implementing time-scales which can help facilitate a transition to a new era of national and international security.

  3. Unraveling the nature of autism: finding order amid change

    PubMed Central

    Hellendoorn, Annika; Wijnroks, Lex; Leseman, Paul P. M.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we hypothesize that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are born with a deficit in invariance detection, which is a learning process whereby people and animals come to attend the relatively stable patterns or structural regularities in the changing stimulus array. This paper synthesizes a substantial body of research which suggests that a deficit in the domain-general perceptual learning process of invariant detection in ASD can lead to a cascade of consequences in different developmental domains. We will outline how this deficit in invariant detection can cause uncertainty, unpredictability, and a lack of control for individuals with ASD and how varying degrees of impairments in this learning process can account for the heterogeneity of the ASD phenotype. We also describe how differences in neural plasticity in ASD underlie the impairments in perceptual learning. The present account offers an alternative to prior theories and contributes to the challenge of understanding the developmental trajectories that result in the variety of autistic behaviors. PMID:25870581

  4. 40 CFR 35.938-5 - Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders). 35.938-5 Section 35.938-5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... the date of the change order. (2) In addition to the specific elements of cost, the estimated...

  5. 77 FR 51804 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Change Order Accounting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... annual reporting burden has decreased from what was published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 18718, on... Regulation; Information Collection; Change Order Accounting AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General... collection requirement concerning change order accounting. Public comments are particularly invited...

  6. 78 FR 18342 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Change Order Accounting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... collection requirement concerning change order accounting. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 51804, on August 27, 2012. One comment was received. Public comments are particularly invited... Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Change Order Accounting AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD),...

  7. 40 CFR 35.938-5 - Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-Clean Water Act § 35.938-5 Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders). (a) Grantee... included in 41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4. Examples of costs which are not allowable under those cost principles... principles (41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4) at the time of change order execution. (e) EPA review. In addition...

  8. 77 FR 2573 - International Product Change-Global Plus 1C and 2C Negotiated Service Agreements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... Regulatory Commission to add Global Plus 1C and 2C Negotiated Service Agreements to the Competitive Products... Competitive Products List, and Notices of Filing Two Functionally Equivalent Agreements and Applications for.... Meadows III, Attorney, Legal Strategy. BILLING CODE 7710-12-P...

  9. Simple Messages Help Set the Record Straight about Scientific Agreement on Human-Caused Climate Change: The Results of Two Experiments

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Teresa A.; Maibach, Edward; Peters, Ellen; Leiserowitz, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    Human-caused climate change is happening; nearly all climate scientists are convinced of this basic fact according to surveys of experts and reviews of the peer-reviewed literature. Yet, among the American public, there is widespread misunderstanding of this scientific consensus. In this paper, we report results from two experiments, conducted with national samples of American adults, that tested messages designed to convey the high level of agreement in the climate science community about human-caused climate change. The first experiment tested hypotheses about providing numeric versus non-numeric assertions concerning the level of scientific agreement. We found that numeric statements resulted in higher estimates of the scientific agreement. The second experiment tested the effect of eliciting respondents’ estimates of scientific agreement prior to presenting them with a statement about the level of scientific agreement. Participants who estimated the level of agreement prior to being shown the corrective statement gave higher estimates of the scientific consensus than respondents who were not asked to estimate in advance, indicating that incorporating an “estimation and reveal” technique into public communication about scientific consensus may be effective. The interaction of messages with political ideology was also tested, and demonstrated that messages were approximately equally effective among liberals and conservatives. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. PMID:25812121

  10. Simple messages help set the record straight about scientific agreement on human-caused climate change: the results of two experiments.

    PubMed

    Myers, Teresa A; Maibach, Edward; Peters, Ellen; Leiserowitz, Anthony

    2015-01-01

    Human-caused climate change is happening; nearly all climate scientists are convinced of this basic fact according to surveys of experts and reviews of the peer-reviewed literature. Yet, among the American public, there is widespread misunderstanding of this scientific consensus. In this paper, we report results from two experiments, conducted with national samples of American adults, that tested messages designed to convey the high level of agreement in the climate science community about human-caused climate change. The first experiment tested hypotheses about providing numeric versus non-numeric assertions concerning the level of scientific agreement. We found that numeric statements resulted in higher estimates of the scientific agreement. The second experiment tested the effect of eliciting respondents' estimates of scientific agreement prior to presenting them with a statement about the level of scientific agreement. Participants who estimated the level of agreement prior to being shown the corrective statement gave higher estimates of the scientific consensus than respondents who were not asked to estimate in advance, indicating that incorporating an "estimation and reveal" technique into public communication about scientific consensus may be effective. The interaction of messages with political ideology was also tested, and demonstrated that messages were approximately equally effective among liberals and conservatives. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. PMID:25812121

  11. Health Care Financing Administration--Medicare and Medicaid; provider agreements: redesignation and rewrite of Medicare regulations; effective dates; effect of change in ownership. Final rule with comment period.

    PubMed

    1980-04-01

    These regulations revise and redesignate the policies pertaining to provider agreements under the Medicare program to simplify them and to make them easier to read. We have made substantive changes only in the provisions relating to the effective date of the agreement and the effect of a change in ownership. These substantive changes were issued as proposed rulemaking on February 5, 1979, and will also apply to the Medicaid program. The substantive changes make provider agreements effective on the date of the onsite health and safety survey if all Federal requirements are met. If all requirements are not met, the effective date is the date the requirements are met or the date the provider submits an acceptable plan of correction or waiver request. The revised regulations also provide that existing provider agreements be assigned to new owners, subject to the terms and conditions under which they were originally issued. The intent of the substantive changes is to achieve maximum uniformity of policy for the two programs and to provide continuity of coverage for beneficiaries and recipients when there is change of ownership. PMID:10297749

  12. 78 FR 8640 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    .... 65619 (October 25, 2011), 76 FR 67238 (October 31, 2011) (order approving proposed rule change by BATS...\\ \\7\\ See Notice supra note 3, at 76 FR 75460. \\8\\ BATS Rule 11.23(a)(23) defines ``Volume Based Tie....\\23\\ \\22\\ See Notice supra note 3, at 77 FR at 75460. BATS Rule 11.23(a)(22) defines a RHO order as...

  13. Gender agreement and multiple referents.

    PubMed

    Finocchiaro, Chiara; Mahon, Bradford Z; Caramazza, Alfonso

    2008-01-01

    We report a new pattern of usage in current, spoken Italian that has implications for both psycholinguistic models of language production and linguistic theories of language change. In Italian, gender agreement is mandatory for both singular and plural nouns. However, when two or more nouns of different grammatical gender appear in a conjoined noun phrase (NP), masculine plural agreement is required. In this study, we combined on-line and off-line methodologies in order to assess the mechanisms involved in gender marking in the context of multiple referents. The results of two pronoun production tasks showed that plural feminine agreement was significantly more difficult than plural masculine agreement. In a separate study using offline judgements of acceptability, we found that agreement violations in Italian are tolerated more readily in the case of feminine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., la mela e la banana 'the:fem apple:fem and the: fem banana: fem') than masculine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., il fiore e il libro 'the:mas flower: mas and the:mas book:mas'). Implications of these results are discussed both at the level of functional architecture within the language production system and at the level of changes in language use. PMID:21037930

  14. Gender agreement and multiple referents.

    PubMed

    Finocchiaro, Chiara; Mahon, Bradford Z; Caramazza, Alfonso

    2008-01-01

    We report a new pattern of usage in current, spoken Italian that has implications for both psycholinguistic models of language production and linguistic theories of language change. In Italian, gender agreement is mandatory for both singular and plural nouns. However, when two or more nouns of different grammatical gender appear in a conjoined noun phrase (NP), masculine plural agreement is required. In this study, we combined on-line and off-line methodologies in order to assess the mechanisms involved in gender marking in the context of multiple referents. The results of two pronoun production tasks showed that plural feminine agreement was significantly more difficult than plural masculine agreement. In a separate study using offline judgements of acceptability, we found that agreement violations in Italian are tolerated more readily in the case of feminine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., la mela e la banana 'the:fem apple:fem and the: fem banana: fem') than masculine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., il fiore e il libro 'the:mas flower: mas and the:mas book:mas'). Implications of these results are discussed both at the level of functional architecture within the language production system and at the level of changes in language use.

  15. Gender agreement and multiple referents

    PubMed Central

    Finocchiaro, Chiara; Mahon, Bradford Z.; Caramazza, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    We report a new pattern of usage in current, spoken Italian that has implications for both psycholinguistic models of language production and linguistic theories of language change. In Italian, gender agreement is mandatory for both singular and plural nouns. However, when two or more nouns of different grammatical gender appear in a conjoined noun phrase (NP), masculine plural agreement is required. In this study, we combined on-line and off-line methodologies in order to assess the mechanisms involved in gender marking in the context of multiple referents. The results of two pronoun production tasks showed that plural feminine agreement was significantly more difficult than plural masculine agreement. In a separate study using offline judgements of acceptability, we found that agreement violations in Italian are tolerated more readily in the case of feminine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., la mela e la banana ‘the:fem apple:fem and the: fem banana: fem’) than masculine conjoined noun phrases (e.g., il fiore e il libro ‘the:mas flower: mas and the:mas book:mas’). Implications of these results are discussed both at the level of functional architecture within the language production system and at the level of changes in language use.* PMID:21037930

  16. Order flow dynamics around extreme price changes on an emerging stock market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mu, Guo-Hua; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Chen, Wei; Kertész, János

    2010-07-01

    We study the dynamics of order flows around large intraday price changes using ultra-high-frequency data from the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. We find a significant reversal of price for both intraday price decreases and increases with a permanent price impact. The volatility, the volume of different types of orders, the bid-ask spread and the volume imbalance increase before the extreme events and decay slowly as a power law, which forms a well-established peak. The volume of buy market orders increases faster and the corresponding peak appears earlier than for sell market orders around positive events, while the volume peak of sell market orders leads buy market orders in the magnitude and time around negative events. When orders are divided into four groups according to their aggressiveness, we find that the behaviors of order volume and order number are similar, except for buy limit orders and canceled orders that the peak of order number postpones 2 min later after the peak of order volume, implying that investors placing large orders are more informed and play a central role in large price fluctuations. We also study the relative rates of different types of orders and find differences in the dynamics of relative rates between buy orders and sell orders and between individual investors and institutional investors. There is evidence that institutions behave very differently from individuals and that they have more aggressive strategies. Combining these findings, we conclude that institutional investors are better informed and play a more influential role in driving large price fluctuations.

  17. 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(3)-1 - Termination of agreement by domestic corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership. 36.3121(l)(3)-1 Section 36.3121(l)(3)-1 Internal... OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE CONTRACT COVERAGE OF EMPLOYEES OF FOREIGN SUBSIDIARIES § 36.3121(l)(3)-1... domestic corporation. (1) A domestic corporation which has entered into an agreement under section...

  18. 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(3)-1 - Termination of agreement by domestic corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership. 36.3121(l)(3)-1 Section 36.3121(l)(3)-1 Internal... OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE CONTRACT COVERAGE OF EMPLOYEES OF FOREIGN SUBSIDIARIES § 36.3121(l)(3)-1... domestic corporation. (1) A domestic corporation which has entered into an agreement under section...

  19. Assessing Stability and Change in a Second-Order Confirmatory Factor Model of Meaning in Life

    PubMed Central

    Hayward, R. David

    2013-01-01

    Research indicates that meaning in life is an important correlate of health and well-being. However, relatively little is known about the way a sense of meaning may change over time. The purpose of this study is to explore two ways of assessing change in meaning within a second-order confirmatory factor analysis framework. First, tests are conducted to see if the first and second-order factor loadings and measurement error terms are invariant over time. Second, a largely overlooked technique is used to assess change and stability in meaning at the second-order level. Findings from a nationwide survey reveal that the first and second-order factor loadings are invariant of time. Moreover, the second-order measurement error terms, but not the first-order measurement error terms, are invariant, as well. The results further reveal that standard ways of assessing stability mask significant change in meaning that is due largely to regression to the mean. PMID:24778574

  20. Adaptation to Changes in Higher-Order Stimulus Statistics in the Salamander Retina

    PubMed Central

    Tkačik, Gašper; Ghosh, Anandamohan; Schneidman, Elad; Segev, Ronen

    2014-01-01

    Adaptation in the retina is thought to optimize the encoding of natural light signals into sequences of spikes sent to the brain. While adaptive changes in retinal processing to the variations of the mean luminance level and second-order stimulus statistics have been documented before, no such measurements have been performed when higher-order moments of the light distribution change. We therefore measured the ganglion cell responses in the tiger salamander retina to controlled changes in the second (contrast), third (skew) and fourth (kurtosis) moments of the light intensity distribution of spatially uniform temporally independent stimuli. The skew and kurtosis of the stimuli were chosen to cover the range observed in natural scenes. We quantified adaptation in ganglion cells by studying linear-nonlinear models that capture well the retinal encoding properties across all stimuli. We found that the encoding properties of retinal ganglion cells change only marginally when higher-order statistics change, compared to the changes observed in response to the variation in contrast. By analyzing optimal coding in LN-type models, we showed that neurons can maintain a high information rate without large dynamic adaptation to changes in skew or kurtosis. This is because, for uncorrelated stimuli, spatio-temporal summation within the receptive field averages away non-gaussian aspects of the light intensity distribution. PMID:24465742

  1. Adaptation to changes in higher-order stimulus statistics in the salamander retina.

    PubMed

    Tkačik, Gašper; Ghosh, Anandamohan; Schneidman, Elad; Segev, Ronen

    2014-01-01

    Adaptation in the retina is thought to optimize the encoding of natural light signals into sequences of spikes sent to the brain. While adaptive changes in retinal processing to the variations of the mean luminance level and second-order stimulus statistics have been documented before, no such measurements have been performed when higher-order moments of the light distribution change. We therefore measured the ganglion cell responses in the tiger salamander retina to controlled changes in the second (contrast), third (skew) and fourth (kurtosis) moments of the light intensity distribution of spatially uniform temporally independent stimuli. The skew and kurtosis of the stimuli were chosen to cover the range observed in natural scenes. We quantified adaptation in ganglion cells by studying linear-nonlinear models that capture well the retinal encoding properties across all stimuli. We found that the encoding properties of retinal ganglion cells change only marginally when higher-order statistics change, compared to the changes observed in response to the variation in contrast. By analyzing optimal coding in LN-type models, we showed that neurons can maintain a high information rate without large dynamic adaptation to changes in skew or kurtosis. This is because, for uncorrelated stimuli, spatio-temporal summation within the receptive field averages away non-gaussian aspects of the light intensity distribution.

  2. 78 FR 36611 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-18

    ...), 78 FR 25327 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal On July 30, 2007, FINRA's predecessor, the... Nos. 56148 (July 26, 2007), 72 FR 42146 (August 1, 2007) (order approving the Agreement); 56147 (July 26, 2007), 72 FR 42166 (August 1, 2007) (SR-NASD-2007- 054) (order approving the incorporation...

  3. Percolation in interdependent and interconnected networks: Abrupt change from second- to first-order transitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Yanqing; Ksherim, Baruch; Cohen, Reuven; Havlin, Shlomo

    2011-12-01

    Robustness of two coupled networks systems has been studied separately only for dependency coupling [Buldyrev , Nature (London)NATUAS0028-083610.1038/nature08932 464, 1025 (2010)] and only for connectivity coupling [Leicht and D’Souza, e-print arXiv:0907.0894]. Here we study, using a percolation approach, a more realistic coupled networks system where both interdependent and interconnected links exist. We find rich and unusual phase-transition phenomena including hybrid transition of mixed first and second order, i.e., discontinuities like in a first-order transition of the giant component followed by a continuous decrease to zero like in a second-order transition. Moreover, we find unusual discontinuous changes from second-order to first-order transition as a function of the dependency coupling between the two networks.

  4. 75 FR 58002 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change... (August 10, 2010), 75 FR 50017. In its proposal, EDGA described real-time analytical tools offered by... Correlix from parties who have contracted directly with Correlix to use their RaceTeam latency...

  5. 75 FR 58003 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change... (August 10, 2010), 75 FR 50029. In its proposal, EDGX described real-time analytical tools offered by... Correlix from parties who have contracted directly with Correlix to use their RaceTeam latency...

  6. 32 CFR 337.1 - Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes. 337.1 Section 337.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) OBTAINING DOD INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF DOD DIRECTIVES, DOD INSTRUCTIONS,...

  7. 32 CFR 337.1 - Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes. 337.1 Section 337.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) OBTAINING DOD INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF DOD DIRECTIVES, DOD INSTRUCTIONS,...

  8. 32 CFR 337.1 - Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes. 337.1 Section 337.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) OBTAINING DOD INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF DOD DIRECTIVES, DOD INSTRUCTIONS,...

  9. 32 CFR 337.1 - Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Ordering DoD Directives, DoD Instructions, and Changes. 337.1 Section 337.1 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) OBTAINING DOD INFORMATION AVAILABILITY OF DOD DIRECTIVES, DOD INSTRUCTIONS,...

  10. 75 FR 8769 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... (December 30, 2009), 75 FR 1109 (``Notice''). \\5\\ In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange replaced the bracketed... Release No. 59039 (December 2, 2008), 73 FR 74770 (December 9, 2008) (SR-NYSEArca-2006-21). It is... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change,...

  11. 40 CFR 35.938-5 - Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... included in 41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4. Examples of costs which are not allowable under those cost principles... principles (41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4) at the time of change order execution. (e) EPA review. In addition to... contains general cost principles which must be used for the determination and allowability of costs...

  12. Changes in Teaching in Order to Help Students with Learning Difficulties Improve in Cypriot Primary Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loizou, Florentia

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to explore what changes two Cypriot primary school teachers brought in their teaching in order to help students with learning difficulties improve in their classes. The study was qualitative and used non-participant observation in two primary classrooms in different primary schools and semi-structured interviews with the main…

  13. 75 FR 50847 - Cotton Program Changes for Upland Cotton, Adjusted World Price, and Active Shipping Orders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... rule in the Federal Register on November 5, 2008 (73 FR 65715-65724) implementing changes to the cotton... Agriculture effective July 24, 1971 (36 FR 13804) relating to notices of proposed rulemaking and public... 24, 1983 (48 FR 29115). ] Executive Order 12988 This rule has been reviewed under Executive...

  14. Agreement between bioelectrical impedance and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in assessing fat, lean and bone mass changes in adults after a lifestyle intervention.

    PubMed

    Macfarlane, Duncan J; Chan, Natalie T-Y; Tse, Michael A; Joe, Glen M

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to assess the agreement of a commercially available bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) device in measuring changes in fat, lean and bone mass over a 10-week lifestyle intervention, with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as reference. A sample of 136 volunteers (18-66 years) underwent a physical activity intervention to enhance lean mass and reduce fat mass. BIA (Tanita BC545) and DXA (Hologic Explorer) measures of whole-body composition were taken at baseline and at the end of the intervention. After an average of 74 ± 18 days intervention, DXA showed significant changes in 2 of 3 outcome variables: reduced fat mass of 0.802 ± 1.092 kg (P < 0.001), increased lean mass of 0.477 ± 0.966 kg (P < 0.001); minor non-significant increase of 0.007 ± 0.041 kg of bone mass (P = 0.052). The respective changes in BIA measures were a significant reduction of 0.486 ± 1.539 kg fat (P < 0.001), but non-significant increases of 0.084 ± 1.201 kg lean mass (P = 0.425), and 0.014 ± 0.091 kg bone (P = 0.074). Significant, but moderately weak, correlations were seen in absolute mass changes between DXA and BIA: 0.511 (fat), 0.362 (lean) and 0.172 (bone). Compared to DXA, BIA demonstrated mediocre agreement to changes in fat mass, but poor agreement to lean mass changes. BIA significantly underestimated the magnitude of changes in fat and lean mass compared to DXA.

  15. Metal-Insulator Transition Driven by Vacancy Ordering in GeSbTe Phase Change Materials.

    PubMed

    Bragaglia, Valeria; Arciprete, Fabrizio; Zhang, Wei; Mio, Antonio Massimiliano; Zallo, Eugenio; Perumal, Karthick; Giussani, Alessandro; Cecchi, Stefano; Boschker, Jos Emiel; Riechert, Henning; Privitera, Stefania; Rimini, Emanuele; Mazzarello, Riccardo; Calarco, Raffaella

    2016-01-01

    Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are unique compounds employed in non-volatile random access memory thanks to the rapid and reversible transformation between the amorphous and crystalline state that display large differences in electrical and optical properties. In addition to the amorphous-to-crystalline transition, experimental results on polycrystalline GeSbTe alloys (GST) films evidenced a Metal-Insulator Transition (MIT) attributed to disorder in the crystalline phase. Here we report on a fundamental advance in the fabrication of GST with out-of-plane stacking of ordered vacancy layers by means of three distinct methods: Molecular Beam Epitaxy, thermal annealing and application of femtosecond laser pulses. We assess the degree of vacancy ordering and explicitly correlate it with the MIT. We further tune the ordering in a controlled fashion attaining a large range of resistivity. Employing ordered GST might allow the realization of cells with larger programming windows.

  16. Metal - Insulator Transition Driven by Vacancy Ordering in GeSbTe Phase Change Materials

    PubMed Central

    Bragaglia, Valeria; Arciprete, Fabrizio; Zhang, Wei; Mio, Antonio Massimiliano; Zallo, Eugenio; Perumal, Karthick; Giussani, Alessandro; Cecchi, Stefano; Boschker, Jos Emiel; Riechert, Henning; Privitera, Stefania; Rimini, Emanuele; Mazzarello, Riccardo; Calarco, Raffaella

    2016-01-01

    Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are unique compounds employed in non-volatile random access memory thanks to the rapid and reversible transformation between the amorphous and crystalline state that display large differences in electrical and optical properties. In addition to the amorphous-to-crystalline transition, experimental results on polycrystalline GeSbTe alloys (GST) films evidenced a Metal-Insulator Transition (MIT) attributed to disorder in the crystalline phase. Here we report on a fundamental advance in the fabrication of GST with out-of-plane stacking of ordered vacancy layers by means of three distinct methods: Molecular Beam Epitaxy, thermal annealing and application of femtosecond laser pulses. We assess the degree of vacancy ordering and explicitly correlate it with the MIT. We further tune the ordering in a controlled fashion attaining a large range of resistivity. Employing ordered GST might allow the realization of cells with larger programming windows. PMID:27033314

  17. Metal - Insulator Transition Driven by Vacancy Ordering in GeSbTe Phase Change Materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bragaglia, Valeria; Arciprete, Fabrizio; Zhang, Wei; Mio, Antonio Massimiliano; Zallo, Eugenio; Perumal, Karthick; Giussani, Alessandro; Cecchi, Stefano; Boschker, Jos Emiel; Riechert, Henning; Privitera, Stefania; Rimini, Emanuele; Mazzarello, Riccardo; Calarco, Raffaella

    2016-04-01

    Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are unique compounds employed in non-volatile random access memory thanks to the rapid and reversible transformation between the amorphous and crystalline state that display large differences in electrical and optical properties. In addition to the amorphous-to-crystalline transition, experimental results on polycrystalline GeSbTe alloys (GST) films evidenced a Metal-Insulator Transition (MIT) attributed to disorder in the crystalline phase. Here we report on a fundamental advance in the fabrication of GST with out-of-plane stacking of ordered vacancy layers by means of three distinct methods: Molecular Beam Epitaxy, thermal annealing and application of femtosecond laser pulses. We assess the degree of vacancy ordering and explicitly correlate it with the MIT. We further tune the ordering in a controlled fashion attaining a large range of resistivity. Employing ordered GST might allow the realization of cells with larger programming windows.

  18. Magnetic ordering induced giant optical property change in tetragonal BiFeO3.

    PubMed

    Tong, Wen-Yi; Ding, Hang-Chen; Gong, Shi Jing; Wan, Xiangang; Duan, Chun-Gang

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic ordering could have significant influence on band structures, spin-dependent transport, and other important properties of materials. Its measurement, especially for the case of antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering, however, is generally difficult to be achieved. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic ordering detection using a noncontact and nondestructive optical method. Taking the tetragonal BiFeO3 (BFO) as an example and combining density functional theory calculations with tight-binding models, we find that when BFO changes from C1-type to G-type AFM phase, the top of valance band shifts from the Z point to Γ point, which makes the original direct band gap become indirect. This can be explained by Slater-Koster parameters using the Harrison approach. The impact of magnetic ordering on band dispersion dramatically changes the optical properties. For the linear ones, the energy shift of the optical band gap could be as large as 0.4 eV. As for the nonlinear ones, the change is even larger. The second-harmonic generation coefficient d33 of G-AFM becomes more than 13 times smaller than that of C1-AFM case. Finally, we propose a practical way to distinguish the two AFM phases of BFO using the optical method, which is of great importance in next-generation information storage technologies. PMID:26648508

  19. Magnetic ordering induced giant optical property change in tetragonal BiFeO3

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Wen-Yi; Ding, Hang-Chen; Gong, Shi Jing; Wan, Xiangang; Duan, Chun-Gang

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic ordering could have significant influence on band structures, spin-dependent transport, and other important properties of materials. Its measurement, especially for the case of antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering, however, is generally difficult to be achieved. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic ordering detection using a noncontact and nondestructive optical method. Taking the tetragonal BiFeO3 (BFO) as an example and combining density functional theory calculations with tight-binding models, we find that when BFO changes from C1-type to G-type AFM phase, the top of valance band shifts from the Z point to Γ point, which makes the original direct band gap become indirect. This can be explained by Slater-Koster parameters using the Harrison approach. The impact of magnetic ordering on band dispersion dramatically changes the optical properties. For the linear ones, the energy shift of the optical band gap could be as large as 0.4 eV. As for the nonlinear ones, the change is even larger. The second-harmonic generation coefficient d33 of G-AFM becomes more than 13 times smaller than that of C1-AFM case. Finally, we propose a practical way to distinguish the two AFM phases of BFO using the optical method, which is of great importance in next-generation information storage technologies. PMID:26648508

  20. Magnetic ordering induced giant optical property change in tetragonal BiFeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Wen-Yi; Ding, Hang-Chen; Gong, Shi Jing; Wan, Xiangang; Duan, Chun-Gang

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic ordering could have significant influence on band structures, spin-dependent transport, and other important properties of materials. Its measurement, especially for the case of antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering, however, is generally difficult to be achieved. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of magnetic ordering detection using a noncontact and nondestructive optical method. Taking the tetragonal BiFeO3 (BFO) as an example and combining density functional theory calculations with tight-binding models, we find that when BFO changes from C1-type to G-type AFM phase, the top of valance band shifts from the Z point to Γ point, which makes the original direct band gap become indirect. This can be explained by Slater-Koster parameters using the Harrison approach. The impact of magnetic ordering on band dispersion dramatically changes the optical properties. For the linear ones, the energy shift of the optical band gap could be as large as 0.4 eV. As for the nonlinear ones, the change is even larger. The second-harmonic generation coefficient d33 of G-AFM becomes more than 13 times smaller than that of C1-AFM case. Finally, we propose a practical way to distinguish the two AFM phases of BFO using the optical method, which is of great importance in next-generation information storage technologies.

  1. Management of Workplace Change in the Australian Higher Education Sector: A Study of Employee Involvement Provisions in Workplace Agreements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weller, Stephen; Van Gramberg, Bernadine

    2007-01-01

    Involvement of employees and unions in workplace decision-making has a long history in Australian industrial relations. The mechanism for employee involvement in workplace change was originally set out in the Termination Change and Redundancy (TCR) clause in Australian awards in 1984. It continues to operate under Enterprise Bargaining Agreements…

  2. 26 CFR 1.467-8 - Automatic consent to change to constant rental accrual for certain rental agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... method of accounting to which the provisions of sections 446 and 481 and the regulations thereunder apply. A taxpayer changing its method of accounting in accordance with this section must follow the automatic change in accounting method provisions of Rev. Proc. 98-60 (see § 601.601(d)(2) of this...

  3. Gradual changes in hippocampal activity support remembering the order of events.

    PubMed

    Manns, Joseph R; Howard, Marc W; Eichenbaum, Howard

    2007-11-01

    The hippocampus is thought to contribute to episodic memory in part by binding stimuli to their spatiotemporal context. The present study examined how hippocampal neuronal populations encode spatial and temporal context as rats performed a task in which they were required to remember the order of trial-unique sequences of odors. The results suggest that a gradual change in the pattern of hippocampal activity served as a temporal context for odor-sampling events and was important for successful subsequent memory of the order of those odors.

  4. Simultaneous detection of multiple biomarkers with over three orders of concentration difference using phase change nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chaoming; Sun, Zhaoyong; Ma, Liyuan; Su, Ming

    2011-03-15

    A big challenge for multiplexed detection of cancer biomarkers is that biomarker concentrations in body fluid differs several orders of magnitude. Existing techniques are not suitable to detect low- and high-concentration biomarkers (protein and DNA) at the same time, and liquid chromatography or electrophoresis is used to separate or purify target biomarkers before analysis. This paper describes a new broad-range biomarker assay using solid to liquid phase change nanoparticles, where a panel of metallic nanoparticles (i.e., metals and eutectic alloys) are modified with a panel of ligands to establish a one-to-one correspondence and attached onto ligand-modified substrates by forming sandwiched complexes. The melting peak and fusion enthalpy of phase change nanoparticles during thermal analysis reflect the type and concentration of biomarkers, respectively. The thermal readout condition can be adjusted in such a way that multiple biomarkers with concentration difference over 3 orders of magnitude have been simultaneously detected under the same condition.

  5. Priority setting in health care and higher order degree change in risk.

    PubMed

    Courbage, Christophe; Rey, Béatrice

    2012-05-01

    This paper examines how priority setting in health care expenditures is influenced by the presence of uncertainty about the severity of the illness and the effectiveness of medical treatment. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions on social preferences under which a social planner will allocate more health care resources to populations at higher risk. Changes in risk are defined by the concept of stochastic dominance up to order n. The shape of the social utility function and an equity weighting function are used to model the inequality aversion of the social planner. We show that for higher order risk changes, the usual conditions on preferences such as prudence or relative risk aversion are not necessarily required to prioritise health care when there are different levels of uncertainty associated with otherwise similar patient groups.

  6. 40 CFR 35.938-5 - Negotiation of contract amendments (change orders).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... included in 41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4. Examples of costs which are not allowable under those cost principles include, but are not limited to, entertainment, interest on borrowed capital and bad debts. (5) For costs... principles (41 CFR 1-15.2 and 1-15.4) at the time of change order execution. (e) EPA review. In addition...

  7. On the relationship between NMR-derived amide order parameters and protein backbone entropy changes.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Kim A; O'Brien, Evan; Kasinath, Vignesh; Wand, A Joshua

    2015-05-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to analyze the relationship between NMR-derived squared generalized order parameters of amide NH groups and backbone entropy. Amide order parameters (O(2) NH ) are largely determined by the secondary structure and average values appear unrelated to the overall flexibility of the protein. However, analysis of the more flexible subset (O(2) NH  < 0.8) shows that these report both on the local flexibility of the protein and on a different component of the conformational entropy than that reported by the side chain methyl axis order parameters, O(2) axis . A calibration curve for backbone entropy vs. O(2) NH is developed, which accounts for both correlations between amide group motions of different residues, and correlations between backbone and side chain motions. This calibration curve can be used with experimental values of O(2) NH changes obtained by NMR relaxation measurements to extract backbone entropy changes, for example, upon ligand binding. In conjunction with our previous calibration for side chain entropy derived from measured O(2) axis values this provides a prescription for determination of the total protein conformational entropy changes from NMR relaxation measurements.

  8. On the relationship between NMR-derived amide order parameters and protein backbone entropy changes

    PubMed Central

    Sharp, Kim A.; O’Brien, Evan; Kasinath, Vignesh; Wand, A. Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations are used to analyze the relationship between NMR-derived squared generalized order parameters of amide NH groups and backbone entropy. Amide order parameters (O2NH) are largely determined by the secondary structure and average values appear unrelated to the overall flexibility of the protein. However, analysis of the more flexible subset (O2NH < 0.8) shows that these report both on the local flexibility of the protein and on a different component of the conformational entropy than that reported by the side chain methyl axis order parameters, O2axis. A calibration curve for backbone entropy vs. O2NH is developed which accounts for both correlations between amide group motions of different residues, and correlations between backbone and side chain motions. This calibration curve can be used with experimental values of O2NH changes obtained by NMR relaxation measurements to extract backbone entropy changes, e.g. upon ligand binding. In conjunction with our previous calibration for side chain entropy derived from measured O2axis values this provides a prescription for determination of the total protein conformational entropy changes from NMR relaxation measurements. PMID:25739366

  9. Revisiting Hartle's model using perturbed matching theory to second order: amending the change in mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reina, Borja; Vera, Raül

    2015-08-01

    Hartle's model describes the equilibrium configuration of a rotating isolated compact body in perturbation theory up to second order in general relativity. The interior of the body is a perfect fluid with a barotropic equation of state, no convective motions and rigid rotation. That interior is matched across its surface to an asymptotically flat vacuum exterior. Perturbations are taken to second order around a static and spherically symmetric background configuration. Apart from the explicit assumptions, the perturbed configuration is constructed upon some implicit premises, in particular the continuity of the functions describing the perturbation in terms of some background radial coordinate. In this work we revisit the model within a modern general and consistent theory of perturbative matchings to second order, which is independent of the coordinates and gauges used to describe the two regions to be joined. We explore the matching conditions up to second order in full. The main particular result we present is that the radial function m0 (in the setting of the original work) of the second order perturbation tensor, contrary to the original assumption, presents a jump at the surface of the star, which is proportional to the value of the energy density of the background configuration there. As a consequence, the change in mass δ M needed by the perturbed configuration to keep the value of the central energy density unchanged must be amended. We also discuss some subtleties that arise when studying the deformation of the star.

  10. 76 FR 38712 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... (May 12, 2011); 76 FR 28830 (``Notice''). II. Description First, the Exchange proposes to change its... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To Amend BATS Rule 11.9, Entitled ``Orders and Modifiers'' and BATS Rule 11.13, Entitled ``Order...

  11. Two sequential processes of change detection in hierarchically ordered areas of the human auditory cortex.

    PubMed

    Recasens, Marc; Grimm, Sabine; Capilla, Almudena; Nowak, Rafal; Escera, Carles

    2014-01-01

    Auditory deviance detection occurs around 150 ms after the onset of a deviant sound. Recent studies in animals and humans have described change-related processes occurring during the first 50 ms after sound onset. However, it still remains an open question whether these early and late processes of deviance detection are organized hierarchically in the human auditory cortex. We applied a beamforming source reconstruction approach in order to estimate brain sources associated with 2 temporally distinct markers of deviance detection. Results showed that rare frequency changes elicit an enhancement of the Nbm component of the middle latency response (MLR) peaking at 43 ms, in addition to the magnetic mismatch negativity (MMNm) peaking at 115 ms. Sources of MMNm, located in the right superior temporal gyrus, were lateral and posterior to the deviance-related MLR activity being generated in the right primary auditory cortex. Source reconstruction analyses revealed that detection of changes in the acoustic environment is a process accomplished in 2 different time ranges, by spatially separated auditory regions. Paralleling animal studies, our findings suggest that primary and secondary areas are involved in successive stages of deviance detection and support the existence of a hierarchical network devoted to auditory change detection.

  12. Microstructure evolution and hardness change in ordered Ni3V intermetallic alloy by energetic ion irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashimoto, A.; Kaneno, Y.; Semboshi, S.; Yoshizaki, H.; Saitoh, Y.; Okamoto, Y.; Iwase, A.

    2014-11-01

    Ni3V bulk intermetallic compounds with ordered D022 structure were irradiated with 16 MeV Au ions at room temperature. The irradiation induced phase transformation was examined by means of the transmission electron microscope (TEM), the extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurement (EXAFS) and the X-ray diffraction (XRD). We also measured the Vickers hardness for unirradiated and irradiated specimens. The TEM observation shows that by the Au irradiation, the lamellar microstructures and the super lattice spot in diffraction pattern for the unirradiated specimen disappeared. This TEM result as well as the result of XRD and EXAFS measurements means that the intrinsic D022 structure of Ni3V changes into the A1 (fcc) structure which is the lattice structure just below the melting point in the thermal equilibrium phase diagram. The lattice structure change from D022 to A1 (fcc) accompanies a remarkable decrease in Vickers microhardness. The change in crystal structure was discussed in terms of the thermal spike and the sequential atomic displacements induced by the energetic heavy ion irradiation.

  13. 76 FR 38714 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ..., 2011); 76 FR 28826 (``Notice''). II. Description First, the Exchange proposes to change its order... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...'' June 27, 2011. I. Introduction On May 9, 2011, BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.. (The ``Exchange'' or...

  14. Governance processes and change within organizational participants of multi-sectoral community health care alliances: the mediating role of vision, mission, strategy agreement and perceived alliance value.

    PubMed

    Hearld, Larry R; Alexander, Jeffrey A

    2014-03-01

    Multi-sectoral community health care alliances are organizations that bring together individuals and organizations from different industry sectors to work collaboratively on improving the health and health care in local communities. Long-term success and sustainability of alliances are dependent on their ability to galvanize participants to take action within their 'home' organizations and institutionalize the vision, goals, and programs within participating organizations and the broader community. The purpose of this study was to investigate two mechanisms by which alliance leadership and management processes may promote such changes within organizations participating in alliances. The findings of the study suggest that, despite modest levels of change undertaken by participating organizations, more positive perceptions of alliance leadership, decision making, and conflict management were associated with a greater likelihood of participating organizations making changes as a result of their participation in the alliance, in part by promoting greater vision, mission, and strategy agreement and higher levels of perceived value. Leadership processes had a stronger relationship with change within participating organizations than decision-making style and conflict management processes. Open-ended responses by participants indicated that participating organizations most often incorporated new measures or goals into their existing portfolio of strategic plans and activities in response to alliance participation. PMID:24415003

  15. Governance processes and change within organizational participants of multi-sectoral community health care alliances: the mediating role of vision, mission, strategy agreement and perceived alliance value.

    PubMed

    Hearld, Larry R; Alexander, Jeffrey A

    2014-03-01

    Multi-sectoral community health care alliances are organizations that bring together individuals and organizations from different industry sectors to work collaboratively on improving the health and health care in local communities. Long-term success and sustainability of alliances are dependent on their ability to galvanize participants to take action within their 'home' organizations and institutionalize the vision, goals, and programs within participating organizations and the broader community. The purpose of this study was to investigate two mechanisms by which alliance leadership and management processes may promote such changes within organizations participating in alliances. The findings of the study suggest that, despite modest levels of change undertaken by participating organizations, more positive perceptions of alliance leadership, decision making, and conflict management were associated with a greater likelihood of participating organizations making changes as a result of their participation in the alliance, in part by promoting greater vision, mission, and strategy agreement and higher levels of perceived value. Leadership processes had a stronger relationship with change within participating organizations than decision-making style and conflict management processes. Open-ended responses by participants indicated that participating organizations most often incorporated new measures or goals into their existing portfolio of strategic plans and activities in response to alliance participation.

  16. Noisy image magnification with total variation regularization and order-changed dictionary learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jian; Chang, Zhiguo; Fan, Jiulun; Zhao, Xiaoqiang; Wu, Xiaomin; Wang, Yanzi

    2015-12-01

    Noisy low resolution (LR) images are always obtained in real applications, but many existing image magnification algorithms can not get good result from a noisy LR image. We propose a two-step image magnification algorithm to solve this problem. The proposed algorithm takes the advantages of both regularization-based method and learning-based method. The first step is based on total variation (TV) regularization and the second step is based on sparse representation. In the first step, we add a constraint on the TV regularization model to magnify the LR image and at the same time to suppress the noise in it. In the second step, we propose an order-changed dictionary training algorithm to train the dictionaries which is dominated by texture details. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm performs better than many other algorithms when the noise is not serious. The proposed algorithm can also provide better visual quality on natural LR images.

  17. Mismatch negativity (MMN) to pitch change is susceptible to order-dependent bias.

    PubMed

    Todd, Juanita; Heathcote, Andrew; Whitson, Lisa R; Mullens, Daniel; Provost, Alexander; Winkler, István

    2014-01-01

    Pattern learning facilitates prediction about upcoming events. Within the auditory system such predictions can be studied by examining effects on a component of the auditory-evoked potential known as mismatch negativity (MMN). MMN is elicited when sound does not conform to the characteristics inferred from statistical probabilities derived from the recent past. Stable patterning in sequences elevates confidence in automatically generated perceptual inferences about what sound should come next and when. MMN amplitude should be larger when sequence is highly stable compared to when it is more volatile. This expectation has been tested using a multi-timescale paradigm. In this study, two sounds of different duration alternate roles as a predictable repetitive "standard" and rare MMN-eliciting "deviation." The paradigm consists of sound sequences that differ in the rate at which the roles of two tones alternate, varying from slowly changing (high stability) to rapidly alternating (low stability). Previous studies using this paradigm discovered a "primacy bias" affecting how stability in patterning impacts MMN amplitude. The primacy bias refers to the observation that the effect of longer-term stability within sequences only appears to impact MMN to the sound first encountered as deviant (the sound that is rare when the sequence commences). This study determines whether this order-driven bias generalizes to sequences that contain two tones differing in pitch. By manipulating (within-subjects) the order in which sounds are encountered as deviants the data demonstrate the two defining characteristics of primacy bias: (1) sequence stability only ever impacts MMN amplitude to the first-deviant sound; and (2) within higher stability sequences, MMN is significantly larger when a sound is the first compared to when it is the second deviant. The results are consistent with a general order-driven bias exerting modulating effects on MMN amplitude over a longer timescale.

  18. Changing the medical world order with technological advances: the future has only begun.

    PubMed

    Merrell, Ronald C

    2004-01-01

    It is a great honor to contribute in a small way to this book which in a way celebrates the continued evolution of telemedicine in Kosova. I was privileged to visit this brave land on several occasions in the last years. Severe circumstances were repeatedly resolved through great personal and professional sacrifice. Revolutionary solutions have been applied where evolutionary development was simply too slow in the realization of a new land in a complex world. In some ways telemedicine is emblematic of such struggle and success. We aspire to world health when world peace is elusive and hunger haunts us in the midst of plenty. Telecommunications have made it easy to report the failings of medicine, the injustice of health care and the unmet promise of political endeavor. It is the promise of telemedicine to use those same channels of information to empower, unify and advance the cause of health rather than only report the failings. Telemedicine entails the use of telecommunications and information technology to support the delivery of health care at a distance. There are critics who believe telemedicine is a waste of precious resources, which are needed urgently for higher health priorities. Telemedicine is dismissed as an expensive irrelevance, another distraction from the real needs of medicine in a chaotic world. That is patently ridiculous. Telemedicine is a part of the wider phenomenon of information and information is arguably the strongest change agent in play for medicine and other societal elements as well. A well-informed public armed with the tools for self-determination and the evidence for efficient action cannot be corrupted. Telemedicine is a part of the great change information brings to the world order, a drastic change toward a better world of health and justice.

  19. 76 FR 54271 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating...,\\2\\ a proposed rule change relating to the qualifications of its Board of Directors (``Board''). The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on July 14, 2011.\\3\\ The...

  20. Heat Capacity Changes and Disorder-to-Order Transitions in Allosteric Activation.

    PubMed

    Cressman, William J; Beckett, Dorothy

    2016-01-19

    Allosteric coupling in proteins is ubiquitous but incompletely understood, particularly in systems characterized by coupling over large distances. Binding of the allosteric effector, bio-5'-AMP, to the Escherichia coli biotin protein ligase, BirA, enhances the protein's dimerization free energy by -4 kcal/mol. Previous studies revealed that disorder-to-order transitions at the effector binding and dimerization sites, which are separated by 33 Å, are integral to functional coupling. Perturbations to the transition at the ligand binding site alter both ligand binding and coupled dimerization. Alanine substitutions in four loops on the dimerization surface yield a range of energetic effects on dimerization. A glycine to alanine substitution at position 142 in one of these loops results in a complete loss of allosteric coupling, disruption of the disorder-to-order transitions at both functional sites, and a decreased affinity for the effector. In this work, allosteric communication between the effector binding and dimerization surfaces in BirA was further investigated by performing isothermal titration calorimetry measurements on nine proteins with alanine substitutions in three dimerization surface loops. In contrast to BirAG142A, at 20 °C all variants bind to bio-5'-AMP with free energies indistinguishable from that measured for wild-type BirA. However, the majority of the variants exhibit altered heat capacity changes for effector binding. Moreover, the ΔCp values correlate with the dimerization free energies of the effector-bound proteins. These thermodynamic results, combined with structural information, indicate that allosteric activation of the BirA monomer involves formation of a network of intramolecular interactions on the dimerization surface in response to bio-5'-AMP binding at the distant effector binding site.

  1. 78 FR 36616 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-18

    ...\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 69494 (May 2, 2013), 78 FR 26823 (May 8... implementation of sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which sections... become ``participating FFIs'' by entering into agreements with the Internal Revenue Service...

  2. Impact of vacancy ordering on thermal transport in crystalline phase-change materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siegert, K. S.; Lange, F. R. L.; Sittner, E. R.; Volker, H.; Schlockermann, C.; Siegrist, T.; Wuttig, M.

    2015-01-01

    Controlling thermal transport in solids is of paramount importance for many applications. Often thermal management is crucial for a device's performance, as it affects both reliability and power consumption. A number of intricate concepts have been developed to address this challenge, such as diamond-like coatings to enhance the thermal conductivity or low symmetry complex super-structures to reduce it. Here, a different approach is pursued, where we explore the potential of solids with a high yet controllable degree of disorder. Recently, it has been demonstrated that an unconventionally high degree of structural disorder characterizes a number of crystalline phase-change materials (PCMs). This disorder strongly impacts electronic transport and even leads to disorder induced localization (Anderson localization). This raises the question how thermal transport is affected by such conditions. Here thermal transport in highly disordered crystalline Ge-Sb-Te (GST) based PCMs is investigated. Glass-like thermal properties are observed for several crystalline PCMs, which are attributed to strong scattering by disordered point defects. A systematic study of different compounds along the pseudo-binary line between GeTe and Sb2Te3 reveals that disordered vacancies act as point defects responsible for pronounced phonon scattering. Annealing causes a gradual ordering of the vacancies and leads to a more ‘crystal-like’ thermal conductivity. While both vibrational and electronic degrees of freedom are affected by disorder, the consequences differ for different stoichiometries. This opens up a pathway to tune electrical and thermal transport by controlling the degree of disorder. Materials with tailored transport properties may not only help to improve power efficiency and scaling in upcoming phase-change memories but are also of fundamental interest in the field of thermoelectric materials.

  3. Role of high-order aberrations in senescent changes in spatial vision

    SciTech Connect

    Elliot, S; Choi, S S; Doble, N; Hardy, J L; Evans, J W; Werner, J S

    2009-01-06

    The contributions of optical and neural factors to age-related losses in spatial vision are not fully understood. We used closed-loop adaptive optics to test the visual benefit of correcting monochromatic high-order aberrations (HOAs) on spatial vision for observers ranging in age from 18-81 years. Contrast sensitivity was measured monocularly using a two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) procedure for sinusoidal gratings over 6 mm and 3 mm pupil diameters. Visual acuity was measured using a spatial 4AFC procedure. Over a 6 mm pupil, young observers showed a large benefit of AO at high spatial frequencies, whereas older observers exhibited the greatest benefit at middle spatial frequencies, plus a significantly larger increase in visual acuity. When age-related miosis is controlled, young and old observers exhibited a similar benefit of AO for spatial vision. An increase in HOAs cannot account for the complete senescent decline in spatial vision. These results may indicate a larger role of additional optical factors when the impact of HOAs is removed, but also lend support for the importance of neural factors in age-related changes in spatial vision.

  4. Agreements in Virtual Organizations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pankowska, Malgorzata

    This chapter is an attempt to explain the important impact that contract theory delivers with respect to the concept of virtual organization. The author believes that not enough research has been conducted in order to transfer theoretical foundations for networking to the phenomena of virtual organizations and open autonomic computing environment to ensure the controllability and management of them. The main research problem of this chapter is to explain the significance of agreements for virtual organizations governance. The first part of this chapter comprises explanations of differences among virtual machines and virtual organizations for further descriptions of the significance of the first ones to the development of the second. Next, the virtual organization development tendencies are presented and problems of IT governance in highly distributed organizational environment are discussed. The last part of this chapter covers analysis of contracts and agreements management for governance in open computing environments.

  5. Technical decision making with higher order structure data: impact of a formulation change on the higher order structure and stability of a mAb.

    PubMed

    Gruia, Flaviu; Du, Jiali; Santacroce, Paul V; Remmele, Richard L; Bee, Jared S

    2015-04-01

    Changes in formulation may be required during the development of protein therapeutics. Some of the changes may alter the protein higher order structure (HOS). In this note, we show how the change from a trehalose-based formulation to an arginine-based formulation concomitantly impacted the tertiary structure and the thermal stability of a mAb (mAb1). The secondary structure was not disrupted by the formulation change. The destabilization of the tertiary structure did not affect the long-term stability or the bioactivity of mAb1. This indicates that loss of conformational stability was likely compensated by improvements in the colloidal stability of mAb1 in the arginine-based formulation. The formulation-induced changes in HOS were reversible as proven by measurements after dilution in a common buffer (phosphate-buffered saline). For aggregation driven by assembly of aggregates (colloidally limited), small changes in conformational structure and stability as measured by HOS methods may not necessarily be predictive of long-term stability.

  6. Orderly Change in a Stable World: The Antisocial Trait as a Chimera.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Gerald R.

    1993-01-01

    Used longitudinal data from Oregon Youth Study to examine quantitative and qualitative change. Used latent growth models to demonstrate changes in form and systematic changes in mean level for subgroup of boys. Factor analyses carried out at three ages showed that, over time, changes in form and addition of new problems were quantifiable and thus…

  7. Public health and climate change adaptation at the federal level: one agency's response to Executive Order 13514.

    PubMed

    Hess, Jeremy J; Schramm, Paul J; Luber, George

    2014-03-01

    Climate change will likely have adverse human health effects that require federal agency involvement in adaptation activities. In 2009, President Obama issued Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance. The order required federal agencies to develop and implement climate change adaptation plans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as part of a larger Department of Health and Human Services response to climate change, is developing such plans. We provide background on Executive Orders, outline tenets of climate change adaptation, discuss public health adaptation planning at both the Department of Health and Human Services and the CDC, and outline possible future CDC efforts. We also consider how these activities may be better integrated with other adaptation activities that manage emerging health threats posed by climate change.

  8. Public Health and Climate Change Adaptation at the Federal Level: One Agency’s Response to Executive Order 13514

    PubMed Central

    Schramm, Paul J.; Luber, George

    2014-01-01

    Climate change will likely have adverse human health effects that require federal agency involvement in adaptation activities. In 2009, President Obama issued Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance. The order required federal agencies to develop and implement climate change adaptation plans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as part of a larger Department of Health and Human Services response to climate change, is developing such plans. We provide background on Executive Orders, outline tenets of climate change adaptation, discuss public health adaptation planning at both the Department of Health and Human Services and the CDC, and outline possible future CDC efforts. We also consider how these activities may be better integrated with other adaptation activities that manage emerging health threats posed by climate change. PMID:24432931

  9. 78 FR 77106 - U.S. Air Force Reminder Re: United Launch Alliance (ULA) Consent Order and Recent Change in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ... Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Reminder Re: United Launch Alliance (ULA) Consent Order and Recent Change in Department of Defense (DOD) Compliance Officer AGENCY: Headquarters Air Force, Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force (Space). ACTION: Publicize Consent Order, Notify Public of New DOD...

  10. 75 FR 80553 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Relating to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63187 (October 27, 2010), 75 FR 67424 (``Notice''). II. Description of... Complex Orders December 16, 2010. I. Introduction On October 20, 2010, NYSE Amex LLC (``NYSE Amex'' or the... rule change to: (i) Add to Rule 900.3NY(h) a definition of ``Stock/Complex Order;'' (ii) revise...

  11. 78 FR 31623 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... Involve Complex Orders May 20, 2013. I. Introduction On February 1, 2013, NYSE Arca, Inc. (``NYSE Arca... address errors that involve Complex Orders. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the...-4. \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68927 (February 14, 2013), 78 FR 12117 (``Notice'')....

  12. Community Organizational Learning: Case Studies Illustrating a Three-Dimensional Model of Levels and Orders of Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Douglas D.; Bess, Kimberly D.; Cooper, Daniel G.; Jones, Diana L.; Armstead, Theresa; Speer, Paul W.

    2007-01-01

    We present a three-dimensional cube framework to help community organizational researchers and administrators think about an organization's learning and empowerment-related structures and processes in terms of first-order (incremental or ameliorative) and second-order (transformative) change at the individual, organizational, and community levels.…

  13. 76 FR 65763 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Add...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-24

    ...-65259 (September 2, 2011), 76 FR 55984 (September 9, 2011). In its filing with the Commission, ICC... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Add.... Description This rule change will amend Chapter 26 of ICC's rules to add Sections 26D and 26E to provide...

  14. 77 FR 25522 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... change. \\1\\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). \\2\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-66517 (March 6, 2012), 77 FR... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to Provide for a T+1 Settlement of the Initial Payment Related to the CDS Contracts Cleared by ICE...

  15. 75 FR 50020 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend the EDGA Fee Schedule To Impose Fees for Physical Ports Used To Connect to EDGA Exchange August 10... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to...

  16. 75 FR 50019 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to Amend the EDGX Fee Schedule to Impose Fees for Physical Ports Used To Connect To EDGX Exchange August 10... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to...

  17. 77 FR 11606 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 66079 (January 3, 2012), 77 FR 1099. The purpose of the proposed rule change is to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

  18. Structural changes of small amplitude kinetic Alfvén solitary waves due to second-order corrections

    SciTech Connect

    Choi, Cheong R.

    2015-10-15

    The structural changes of kinetic Alfvén solitary waves (KASWs) due to higher-order terms are investigated. While the first-order differential equation for KASWs provides the dispersion relation for kinetic Alfvén waves, the second-order differential equation describes the structural changes of the solitary waves due to higher-order nonlinearity. The reductive perturbation method is used to obtain the second-order and third-order partial differential equations; then, Kodama and Taniuti's technique [J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 45, 298 (1978)] is applied in order to remove the secularities in the third-order differential equations and derive a linear second-order inhomogeneous differential equation. The solution to this new second-order equation indicates that, as the amplitude increases, the hump-type Korteweg-de Vries solution is concentrated more around the center position of the soliton and that dip-type structures form near the two edges of the soliton. This result has a close relationship with the interpretation of the complex KASW structures observed in space with satellites.

  19. 78 FR 58956 - Softwood Lumber Research, Promotion, Consumer Education and Industry Information Order; Changes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1217 Softwood Lumber Research, Promotion... Order with oversight by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Under the Order, assessments are... Internet at: http://www.regulations.gov or to the Promotion and Economics Division, Fruit and...

  20. Recommendations and Justifications for Modifications for Use Restrictions Established under the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order with ROTC 1, Revision No. 0

    SciTech Connect

    Lynn Kidman

    2008-02-01

    Many Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) Use Restrictions (URs) have been established at various corrective action sites (CASs) as part of FFACO corrective actions (FFACO, 1996; as amended January 2007). Since the signing of the FFACO in 1996, practices and procedures relating to the implementation of risk-based corrective action (RBCA) have evolved. This document is part of an effort to re-evaluate all FFACO URs against the current RBCA criteria (referred to in this document as the Industrial Sites [IS] RBCA process) as defined in the Industrial Sites Project Establishment of Final Action Levels (NNSA/NSO, 2006c). Based on this evaluation, the URs were sorted into the following categories: 1. Where sufficient information exists to determine that the current UR is consistent with the RCBA criteria 2. Where sufficient information exists to determine that the current UR may be removed or downgraded based on RCBA criteria. 3. Where sufficient information does not exist to evaluate the current UR against the RCBA criteria. After reviewing all the existing FFACO URs, the 49 URs addressed in this document have sufficient information to determine that these current URs may be removed or downgraded based on RCBA criteria. This document presents recommendations on modifications to existing URs that will be consistent with the RCBA criteria.

  1. Numeric score-based conditional and overall change-in-status indices for ordered categorical data.

    PubMed

    Lyles, Robert H; Kupper, Lawrence L; Barnhart, Huiman X; Martin, Sandra L

    2015-11-30

    Planned interventions and/or natural conditions often effect change on an ordinal categorical outcome (e.g., symptom severity). In such scenarios, it is sometimes desirable to assign a priori scores to observed changes in status, typically giving higher weight to changes of greater magnitude. We define change indices for such data based upon a multinomial model for each row of a c × c table, where the rows represent the baseline status categories. We distinguish an index designed to assess conditional changes within each baseline category from two others designed to capture overall change. One of these overall indices measures expected change across a target population. The other is scaled to capture the proportion of total possible change in the direction indicated by the data, so that it ranges from -1 (when all subjects finish in the least favorable category) to +1 (when all finish in the most favorable category). The conditional assessment of change can be informative regardless of how subjects are sampled into the baseline categories. In contrast, the overall indices become relevant when subjects are randomly sampled at baseline from the target population of interest, or when the investigator is able to make certain assumptions about the baseline status distribution in that population. We use a Dirichlet-multinomial model to obtain Bayesian credible intervals for the conditional change index that exhibit favorable small-sample frequentist properties. Simulation studies illustrate the methods, and we apply them to examples involving changes in ordinal responses for studies of sleep deprivation and activities of daily living. PMID:26137898

  2. Order Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibeault, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Change orders. The words can turn the stomachs of administrators. Horror stories about change orders create fear and distrust among school officials, designers and builders. Can change orders be avoided? If car manufacturers can produce millions of intricately designed vehicles, why can't the same quality control be achieved on a construction…

  3. 77 FR 71001 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ..., updates both parties address, and various other changes. Agreement No.: 012187-000. Title: Siem Car Carrier Pacific AS/Hoegh Autoliners, Inc. Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Siem Car Carrier Pacific...

  4. 15 CFR 700.16 - Changes or cancellations of priority ratings and rated orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SECURITY INDUSTRIAL BASE REGULATIONS DEFENSE PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATIONS SYSTEM Industrial Priorities § 700... deliveries; a minor variation in size or design; or a change which is agreed upon between the supplier...

  5. Agreement among 2 x 2 Agreement Indices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conger, Anthony J.; Ward, David G.

    1984-01-01

    Sixteen measures of reliability for two-category nominal scales are compared. Upon correcting for chance agreement, there are only five distinct indices: Fleiss's modification of A-sub-1, the phi coefficient, Cohen's kappa, and two intraclass coefficients. Recommendations for choosing an agreement index are made based on definitions, magnitude,…

  6. Involvement, Discrepancy, and Order of Presentation Effects on Attitude Change, Communication Displacement, and Communicator Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yontef, Gary M.; White, Glenn M.

    Male subjects holding extreme positions on an aggressive-submissive continuum were trichotomized into involvement levels and received an aggressive communication and a submissive communication in one of two orders. The 144 subjects estimated each communicator's position, judged each communicator on Semantic Differential scales, and then…

  7. 77 FR 54633 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-05

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67381 (July 10, 2012), 77 FR 41829... Exchange Act Release No. 63255 (November 5, 2010), 75 FR 69484 (November 12, 2010) (SR-BATS-2010-25). \\6... Modified by Amendment No. 1, To Adopt a New Market Maker Peg Order Available to Exchange Market...

  8. 78 FR 77329 - Softwood Lumber Research, Promotion, Consumer Education and Industry Information Order; Changes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... companies that operate in multiple geographic regions to seek representation in any region in which they... Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory... Indian Tribal Governments. The review reveals that this regulation will not have substantial and...

  9. 77 FR 3531 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-24

    .... \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-65831 (November 28, 2011), 76 FR 75570 (December 2, 2011..., there was a conversion for all transactions to settle in same-day funds subject to the net debit cap... collateral monitor and net debit cap controls. \\4\\ A Deliver Order is the term used to define an...

  10. 78 FR 59401 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ....19b-4. \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-70201 (Aug. 14, 2013), 78 FR 51248 (Aug. 20, 2013... Release No. 34-68955 (Feb. 20, 2013), 78 FR 13130 (Feb. 26, 2013) (SR-ICEEU-2012-11). In anticipation of... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule...

  11. Community Politics and Educational Change. Ten School Systems Under Court Order.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willie, Charles V., Ed.; Greenblath, Susan L., Ed.

    This book contains reports on ten school districts' responses to court ordered desegregation. The book begins with an historical background and a discussion of racial politics and community conflict. Following the introduction are the ten case studies, whose titles reveal the city and issues under examination: (1) "Boston, Massachusetts: Ethnic…

  12. 76 FR 60566 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65050 (August 5, 2011), 76 FR 49816...), 74 FR 26750 (June 3, 2009) (SR-Phlx-2009-32) (order approving Phlx XL II). Phlx XL II is the Exchange... Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit...

  13. Suspension agreements: The status quota

    SciTech Connect

    1996-01-01

    Since the initial filing of anti-dumping actions uranium imports from the former Soviet Union, a maze of filings, agreements, amendments, bills, measures, and deals have emerged on which only the closest observers remain current. Even with all the actions that have taken place, none of the parties appear content with the status quo and changes to the agreements are ongoing. Given this dynamic state of affairs, a recap of events and a summary of the current agreements is helpful for understanding the concerns of the involved parties and digesting future events.

  14. Nanoparticles change the ordering pattern of n-carboxylic acids into nanorods on HOPG.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ruomiao; Li, Li; Arachchige, Indika; Ganguly, Shreyashi; Brock, Stephanie L; Mao, Guangzhao

    2010-11-23

    This paper describes the formation of organic nanorods induced by monolayer-protected inorganic nanoparticles. Alkanes and alkane derivatives, such as n-carboxylic acids, self-assemble on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) into a persistent molecular packing structure that is dictated by the epitaxial interaction between the carbon chain plane and the HOPG basal plane. Carboxylic acids form 2-D crystalline layers consisting of nanostripe domains whose periodicity is one or two times the molecular chain length. However, when the molecular ordering occurs in the vicinity of a nanoparticle, this persistent HOPG-dominated nanostripe pattern is disrupted, and nanorods attached to the nanoparticles become the dominant structure. In order to understand the underlying mechanism of the nanoparticle-mediated nanorod formation, the effects of film-forming conditions, carboxylic acid chain length, nanoparticle size, and chemical composition of the nanoparticle are examined. It is determined that carboxylic acid nanorods can be induced by nanoparticles of different core materials including CdSe, CdS, and Au, as long as the protecting monolayer allows sufficient dispersion and colloidal stability of the nanoparticles in solution. A carboxylic chain length range amenable to the nanorod formation is identified, as is the relationship between the nanoparticle size and the number of nanorods per nanoparticle. This study contributes to the understanding of seed-mediated crystallization and molecular ordering. Moreover, it defines the parameters governing solution-based formation of hybrid nanostructures and nanopatterns incorporating dual functionality as defined by the inorganic nanoparticle and organic nanorod, respectively.

  15. 78 FR 79048 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 70832 (November 7, 2013), 78 FR 68488 (``Notice... Commission (the ``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to amend certain rules that...

  16. 77 FR 3833 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ... 2, 2011), 76 FR 76790 (December 8, 2011). In its filing with the Commission, DTC included statements... With DTC End of Day Net Funds Settlement January 19, 2012. I. Introduction On November 21, 2011, The... the rule change, DTC will temporarily reduce each Participant's maximum net debit cap for night...

  17. 76 FR 68238 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Options Clearing Corporation; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ... expected to result in a shorter liquidation period and reduced execution risk. During Lehman Brothers.... 64982 (July 28, 2011), 76 FR 46867 (August 3, 2011). \\4\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65370 (September 21, 2011), 76 FR 59750 (September 27, 2011). The proposed rule change as originally filed...

  18. 78 FR 42991 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; the Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... in Connection With the Modifications to Receiver Authorized Delivery and Reclaim Processing Value...), 78 FR 33876 (June 5, 2013). II. Description DTC filed the proposed rule change to modify its Rules & Procedures (``Rules''), with respect to Receiver Authorized Delivery (``RAD'') and reclaim transactions,...

  19. 75 FR 69150 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Depository Trust Company; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-10

    ..., 2010), 75 FR 60158. II. Description DTC's Security Position Report (``SPR'') service provides valuable... November 4, 2010. I. Introduction On September 14, 2010, The Depository Trust Company (``DTC'') filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') proposed rule change SR-DTC-2010-12...

  20. Family size in successive generations: the effects of birth order, intergenerational change in lifestyle, and familial satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Johnson, N E; Stokes, C S

    1976-05-01

    Studies of family size in successive generations have found a small but persistently positive effect of size of family of orientation. Recent work has suggested that this relationship may be influenced by birth order, intergenerational change in lifestyle, and familial satisfaction. Data from a 24-year longitudinal study of women in Pennsylvania indicate that number of siblings does influence size of family of procreation. More important, this relationship is stronger among women who were first-born that later-born, stronger for those not experiencing intergenerational change than for those who changed, and stronger among those who at age 16 were satisfied with their parental family than for those who were dissatisfied.

  1. 77 FR 52773 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGX Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    .... 67290 (June 28, 2012), 77 FR 39768 (``Notice''). \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67676 (August 16, 2012), 77 FR 50740 (August 22, 2012). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... Amend EDGX Rules To Add the Route Peg Order August 24, 2012. I. Introduction On June 26, 2012,...

  2. 77 FR 52771 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; EDGA Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    .... 67291 (June 28, 2012), 77 FR 39785 (``Notice''). \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67677 (August 16, 2012), 77 FR 50740 (August 22, 2012). ] II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The... Amend EDGA Rules To Add the Route Peg Order August 24, 2012. I. Introduction On June 26, 2012,...

  3. 77 FR 12631 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-01

    ... Release No. 66098 (January 4, 2012), 77 FR 1526 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change... Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 62213 (June 3, 2010), 75 FR 32828 (June 9, 2010) (SR-NYSEArca-2010-22) (order approving listing on the Exchange of Teucrium Corn Fund); 65344 (September 15, 2011), 76 FR...

  4. 77 FR 50187 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change With...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... technical or systems issue is not equivalent to the Exchange declaring self-help against a routing... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change With... Act Release No. 67343 (July 3, 2012), 77 FR 40684 (July 10, 2012) (SR-Phlx-2012-81) (``Notice'')....

  5. 75 FR 82106 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Listing and Trading of Shares of the WisdomTree Managed Futures Strategy Fund December 22...'') of the WisdomTree Managed Futures Strategy Fund (``Fund'') of the WisdomTree Trust (``Trust'')...

  6. 76 FR 199 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Listing and Trading of the ProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETF and the ProShares VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF December 27, 2010. I. Introduction On November 5, 2010, NYSE Arca, Inc....

  7. 76 FR 52034 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-19

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change To List and Trade Shares of ProShares Short VIX Short-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Short VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Ultra VIX Short-Term Futures ETF, ProShares Ultra VIX Mid-Term Futures ETF,...

  8. 75 FR 55840 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to Listing and Trading of Shares of the PIMCO Build America Bond Strategy Fund September 7, 2010. I. Introduction On July 14, 2010,...

  9. 77 FR 26066 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ..., 2012), 77 FR 16105 (March 19, 2012). II. Description ICE Clear Europe proposed rule amendments that... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change to Provide for a T+1 Settlement of the Initial Payment Related to the CDS Contracts Cleared by ICE...

  10. 77 FR 61649 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ..., 2012), 77 FR 51599 (August 24, 2012). II. Description of the Proposal The purpose of proposed rule... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend Schedule 502 of the ICE Clear Credit Rules To Provide for Clearing of Additional Single Name...

  11. 77 FR 27254 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    .... 78s(b)(1). \\2\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-66629 (March 20, 2012), 77 FR 17537 (March 26... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend the ICE Clear Europe Limited CDS Procedures, Finance Procedures, and Rules With Respect to...

  12. 78 FR 4914 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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  14. 76 FR 67238 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change by BATS...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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  16. 7 CFR 1221.102 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

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  17. 7 CFR 1221.102 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

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  18. 7 CFR 1221.102 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Sorghum... agreement to: (a) Serve on the Board if appointed; (b) Disclose any relationship with any sorghum...

  19. 7 CFR 1221.102 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Sorghum... agreement to: (a) Serve on the Board if appointed; (b) Disclose any relationship with any sorghum...

  20. 7 CFR 1221.102 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Sorghum... agreement to: (a) Serve on the Board if appointed; (b) Disclose any relationship with any sorghum...

  1. Changing resident test ordering behavior: a multilevel intervention to decrease laboratory utilization at an academic medical center.

    PubMed

    Vidyarthi, Arpana R; Hamill, Timothy; Green, Adrienne L; Rosenbluth, Glenn; Baron, Robert B

    2015-01-01

    Hospital laboratory test volume is increasing, and overutilization contributes to errors and costs. Efforts to reduce laboratory utilization have targeted aspects of ordering behavior, but few have utilized a multilevel collaborative approach. The study team partnered with residents to reduce unnecessary laboratory tests and associated costs through multilevel interventions across the academic medical center. The study team selected laboratory tests for intervention based on cost, volume, and ordering frequency (complete blood count [CBC] and CBC with differential, common electrolytes, blood enzymes, and liver function tests). Interventions were designed collaboratively with residents and targeted components of ordering behavior, including system changes, teaching, social marketing, academic detailing, financial incentives, and audit/feedback. Laboratory ordering was reduced by 8% cumulatively over 3 years, saving $2 019 000. By involving residents at every stage of the intervention and targeting multiple levels simultaneously, laboratory utilization was reduced and cost savings were sustained over 3 years. PMID:24443317

  2. Changing the Order of Newton's Laws--Why & How the Third Law Should be First

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stocklmayer, Sue; Rayner, John P.; Gore, Michael M.

    2012-10-01

    Newton's laws are difficult both for teachers and students at all levels.1-3 This is still the case despite a long history of critique of the laws as presented in the classroom. For example, more than 50 years ago Eisenbud4 and Weinstock5 proposed reformulations of the laws that put them on a sounder, more logically consistent base than is presented in many textbooks without resorting to "intuitional or anthropomorphic contrivances."5 In 1990, Arnold Arons6 wrote that "the Law of Inertia and the concept of force have, historically, been two of the most formidable stumbling blocks for students." One might imagine, therefore, that by 2012 remedial strategies would have resolved these difficulties, but there is little evidence that the problem has been satisfactorily addressed. Diagnostic tools such as the Force Concept Inventory7,8 have cast light on areas of difficulty; remedial strategies have included historical approaches, computer simulations, analogical approaches, and many more.9-12 Nevertheless, papers on the subject are still being published.8,9,11-13 Textbook descriptions of the laws have also contributed to the problem: in general the topic is presented with little discussion and the third law in particular is often given cursory treatment. This paper addresses the introduction of the laws in the classroom, especially the order in which they are customarily presented, and discusses particular issues attached to the third law that constitute major impediments to understanding.14-16 We have devised a six-hour workshop, for middle-school teachers and senior students, that has achieved some success in enhancing understanding of Newton's laws by adopting a different order of presentation of the laws from that traditionally given in physics texts. Our approach is deliberately intuitional and experiential, as we believe the ideas need to be felt or owned by students before introducing them to a more rigorous formalism.

  3. Examining Patients' and Other Group Members' Agreement about Their Alliance to the Group as a Whole and Changes in Patient Symptoms Using Response Surface Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lo Coco, Gianluca; Gullo, Salvatore; Kivlighan, Dennis M., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    There is a lack of research examining patients' and other group members' agreement about their therapeutic alliance. In the present study, the person-group (P-G) fit model was adopted to predict that the group member symptom reduction will be greater when the group member's and the other group members' perceptions of their alliance to the…

  4. 78 FR 75345 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ...@fmc.gov . Agreement No.; 011314-002. Title: CSAV/Trans Global Cooperative Working Agreement. Parties: Compania Sud Americana de Vapores S.A. and Trans Global Shipping NV. Filing Party: Walter H. Lion Esq.; Mc... party Swordfish Shipping Inc. to Trans Global Shipping NV and changes the agreement's termination...

  5. Investigating Constituent Order Change with Elicited Pantomime: A Functional Account of SVO Emergence

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Matthew L.; Ferreira, Victor S.; Mayberry, Rachel I.

    2014-01-01

    One of the most basic functions of human language is to convey who did what to whom. In the world’s languages, the order of these three constituents (subject (S), verb (V), and object (O)) is uneven, with SOV and SVO being most common. Recent experiments using experimentally-elicited pantomime provide a possible explanation for the prevalence of SOV, but extant explanations for the prevalence of SVO could benefit from further empirical support. Here, we test whether SVO might emerge because (a) SOV is not well suited for describing reversible events (a woman pushing a boy), and (b) pressures to be efficient and mention subjects before objects conspire to rule out many other alternatives. We tested this by asking participants to describe reversible and non-reversible events in pantomime, and instructed some participants to be consistent in the form of their gestures and to teach them to the experimenter. These manipulations led to the emergence of SVO in speakers of both English (SVO) and Turkish (SOV). PMID:24641486

  6. Ordered chromatin changes and human X chromosome reactivation by cell fusion-mediated pluripotent reprogramming

    PubMed Central

    Cantone, Irene; Bagci, Hakan; Dormann, Dirk; Dharmalingam, Gopuraja; Nesterova, Tatyana; Brockdorff, Neil; Rougeulle, Claire; Vallot, Celine; Heard, Edith; Chaligne, Ronan; Merkenschlager, Matthias; Fisher, Amanda G.

    2016-01-01

    Erasure of epigenetic memory is required to convert somatic cells towards pluripotency. Reactivation of the inactive X chromosome (Xi) has been used to model epigenetic reprogramming in mouse, but human studies are hampered by Xi epigenetic instability and difficulties in tracking partially reprogrammed iPSCs. Here we use cell fusion to examine the earliest events in the reprogramming-induced Xi reactivation of human female fibroblasts. We show that a rapid and widespread loss of Xi-associated H3K27me3 and XIST occurs in fused cells and precedes the bi-allelic expression of selected Xi-genes by many heterokaryons (30–50%). After cell division, RNA-FISH and RNA-seq analyses confirm that Xi reactivation remains partial and that induction of human pluripotency-specific XACT transcripts is rare (1%). These data effectively separate pre- and post-mitotic events in reprogramming-induced Xi reactivation and reveal a complex hierarchy of epigenetic changes that are required to reactivate the genes on the human Xi chromosome. PMID:27507283

  7. Changes in Hardware in Order to Accommodate Compliant Foil Air Bearings of a Larger Size

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zeszotek, Michelle

    2004-01-01

    Compliant foil air bearings are at the forefront of the Oil-Free turbomachinery revolution of supporting gas turbine engines with air lubricated hydrodynamic bearings. Foil air bearings have existed for almost fifty years, yet their commercialization has been confined to relatively small, high-speed systems characterized by low temperatures and loads, such as in air cycle machines, turbocompressors and micro-turbines. Recent breakthroughs in foil air bearing design and solid lubricant coating technology, have caused a resurgence of research towards applying Oil-Free technology to more demanding applications on the scale of small and mid range aircraft gas turbine engines. In order to foster the transition of Oil-Free technology into gas turbine engines, in-house experiments need to be performed on foil air bearings to further the understanding of their complex operating principles. During my internship at NASA Glenn in the summer of 2003, a series of tests were performed to determine the internal temperature profile in a compliant bump- type foil journal air bearing operating at room temperature under various speeds and load conditions. From these tests, a temperature profile was compiled, indicating that the circumferential thermal gradients were negligible. The tests further indicated that both journal rotational speed and radial load are responsible for heat generation with speed playing a more significant role in the magnitude of the temperatures. As a result of the findings from the tests done during the summer of 2003, it was decided that further testing would need to be done, but with a bearing of a larger diameter. The bearing diameter would now be increased from two inches to three inches. All of the currently used testing apparatus was designed specifically for a bearing that was two inches in diameter. Thus, my project for the summer of 2004 was to focus specifically on the scatter shield put around the testing rig while running the bearings. Essentially

  8. Helping COPD patients change health behavior in order to improve their quality of life

    PubMed Central

    Almagro, Pere; Castro, Alejandra

    2013-01-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating diseases in adults worldwide and is associated with a deleterious effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Although it remains one of the leading causes of global mortality, the prognosis seems to have improved in recent years. Even so, the number of patients with COPD and multiple comorbidities has risen, hindering their management and highlighting the need for futures changes in the model of care. Together with standard medical treatment and therapy adherence – essential to optimizing disease control – several nonpharmacological therapies have proven useful in the management of these patients, improving their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) regardless of lung function parameters. Among these are improved diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities, prevention of COPD exacerbations, and greater attention to physical disability related to hospitalization. Pulmonary rehabilitation reduces symptoms, optimizes functional status, improves activity and daily function, and restores the highest level of independent physical function in these patients, thereby improving HRQoL even more than pharmacological treatment. Greater physical activity is significantly correlated with improvement of dyspnea, HRQoL, and mobility, along with a decrease in the loss of lung function. Nutritional support in malnourished COPD patients improves exercise capacity, while smoking cessation slows disease progression and increases HRQoL. Other treatments such as psychological and behavioral therapies have proven useful in the treatment of depression and anxiety, both of which are frequent in these patients. More recently, telehealthcare has been associated with improved quality of life and a reduction in exacerbations in some patients. A more multidisciplinary approach and individualization of interventions will be essential in the near future. PMID:23901267

  9. Application Agreement and Integration Services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Driscoll, Kevin R.; Hall, Brendan; Schweiker, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Application agreement and integration services are required by distributed, fault-tolerant, safety critical systems to assure required performance. An analysis of distributed and hierarchical agreement strategies are developed against the backdrop of observed agreement failures in fielded systems. The documented work was performed under NASA Task Order NNL10AB32T, Validation And Verification of Safety-Critical Integrated Distributed Systems Area 2. This document is intended to satisfy the requirements for deliverable 5.2.11 under Task 4.2.2.3. This report discusses the challenges of maintaining application agreement and integration services. A literature search is presented that documents previous work in the area of replica determinism. Sources of non-deterministic behavior are identified and examples are presented where system level agreement failed to be achieved. We then explore how TTEthernet services can be extended to supply some interesting application agreement frameworks. This document assumes that the reader is familiar with the TTEthernet protocol. The reader is advised to read the TTEthernet protocol standard [1] before reading this document. This document does not re-iterate the content of the standard.

  10. Family size in successive generations: the effects of birth order, intergenerational change in lifestyle, and familial satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Johnson, N E; Stokes, C S

    1976-05-01

    Studies of family size in successive generations have found a small but persistently positive effect of size of family of orientation. Recent work has suggested that this relationship may be influenced by birth order, intergenerational change in lifestyle, and familial satisfaction. Data from a 24-year longitudinal study of women in Pennsylvania indicate that number of siblings does influence size of family of procreation. More important, this relationship is stronger among women who were first-born that later-born, stronger for those not experiencing intergenerational change than for those who changed, and stronger among those who at age 16 were satisfied with their parental family than for those who were dissatisfied. PMID:1278578

  11. 7 CFR 1150.134 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.134 Nominee's agreement...

  12. 7 CFR 1150.134 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.134 Nominee's agreement to serve. Any...

  13. 7 CFR 1150.134 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.134 Nominee's agreement...

  14. 7 CFR 1150.134 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.134 Nominee's agreement...

  15. 7 CFR 1150.134 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PROMOTION PROGRAM Dairy Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.134 Nominee's agreement to serve. Any...

  16. CHANGING THE PECKING ORDER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HOWE, HAROLD, II

    THE CURRENT INFLEXIBILITY OF BUSINESS AND COLLEGES IN WANTING TO USE ONLY "CREDENTIALED" PEOPLE (I.E. THOSE WITH A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR COLLEGE DEGREE) IS ACTING AS A BARRIER TO QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS WHO WERE UNABLE TO COMPLETE THEIR EDUCATION. TO COMBAT THIS, IT IS NECESSARY THAT (1) EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS BOTH CONTINUE AND AUGMENT SUCH…

  17. Flavor Changing Neutral Coupling Mediated Radiative Top Quark Decays at Next-to-Leading Order in QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Drobnak, Jure; Kamenik, Jernej F.; Fajfer, Svjetlana

    2010-06-25

    We compute the branching ratios for the rare top quark decays t{yields}c{gamma} and t{yields}cZ mediated by effective flavor changing neutral couplings at next-to-leading order in QCD, including the effects due to operator mixing. After resumming contributions of the order of [{alpha}{sub s}log({Lambda}/m{sub t})]{sup n}, where {Lambda} is the scale at which the effective operators are generated, using renormalization group methods, we compute finite matrix element corrections and study the effects of experimental kinematic cuts on the extracted branching ratios. We find that the t{yields}c{gamma} decay can also be used to probe the effective operators mediating t{yields}cg processes, since the latter can naturally contribute 10% or more to the radiative decay. Conversely, any experimental signal of t{yields}cg would indicate a natural lower bound on t{yields}cZ, {gamma}.

  18. An eleven-year evaluation of the effect of community treatment orders on changes in mental health service use.

    PubMed

    Kisely, Steve; Preston, Neil; Xiao, Jianguo; Lawrence, David; Louise, Sandra; Crowe, Elizabeth; Segal, Steven

    2013-05-01

    Many studies of compulsory community treatment have assessed their effect early on after the implementation of legislation. Although compulsory community treatment may not prevent readmission to hospital, there is evidence of an effect on length of stay before and after the intervention when compared to controls. This paper examines whether outcomes change as clinicians gain experience in the use of community treatment orders (CTOs). Cases and controls from three linked Western Australian databases were matched on age, sex, diagnosis and time of hospital discharge or community placement. We compared changes in bed-days and outpatient visits of CTO cases and controls using multivariate analyses to further control for confounders. We identified 2958 CTO cases and controls from November 1997 to December 2008 (total n = 5916). The average age was 37 years and 64% were male. Schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses were the commonest diagnoses (73%). CTO placement was associated with a mean decrease of 5 bed-days from before the order when compared to controls (B = -5.23, s.e. = 1.60, t = -3.26, p < 0.001). There was an increase of 8 days in outpatient contacts (B = 8.31, s.e. = 1.17, t = 7.11, p < 0.001). There was little change in CTO use and outcomes over the 11 years. Compared to controls, CTOs may therefore reduce lengths of stay from before placement on the order. They also increase outpatient contacts. This study illustrates the importance of selecting an outcome that directly addresses the objective of the intervention. PMID:23415453

  19. Implementation of the Methamphetamine Anti-Proliferation Act; thresholds for retailers and for distributors required to submit mail order reports; changes to mail order reporting requirements. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2003-10-01

    This regulation implements the new threshold requirements and mail order reporting requirements of the Methamphetamine Anti-Proliferation Act of 2000 (MAPA), which was enacted on October 17, 2000. DEA is amending its regulations to reduce the thresholds for pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine for retail distributors and for distributors required to submit mail order reports. Also, DEA is amending its regulations to require mail order reports for certain export transactions. DEA is codifying exemptions from the mail order reporting requirements for certain distributions to nonregulated persons and certain export transactions. This rule is consistent with the intent of MAPA to prevent the diversion of drug products to the clandestine manufacture of methamphetamine and amphetamine, and simultaneously reduce the industry reporting burden. PMID:14535265

  20. 75 FR 47323 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-05

    ... interest rate swaps, currency options, futures contracts, options on futures contracts, and swap agreements... duration of the contract. The Fund may enter into swap agreements, including interest rate swaps and... upon date or upon demand and at a price reflecting a market rate of interest. Lastly, the Fund...

  1. Changes to Stream Water and Soil Temperature Regimes Pre and Post Forest Harvesting in Low Order Boreal Forest Watersheds.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allan, C. J.; Najaf, P.; Mackereth, R.; Steedman, R.

    2014-12-01

    Soil and stream water temperatures were logged at 15 minute intervals (1995-2008) pre and post logging at four intensively monitored zero order boreal forest watersheds in NW Ontario, Canada. Trends in post logging changes to daily average, maximum and diurnal ranges in stream water and soil temperatures are presented. Changes to the soil temperature regime were found to be spatially variable and dependent upon aspect, hill slope position and soil moisture regime. In general, soil temperature displayed a hysteretic behavior in relation to reference sites during the post logging period with significantly warmer spring and summer temperatures and similar autumn temperatures. Stream water temperature appeared to be controlled by post logging surface soil temperatures (0-15 cm) as opposed to deeper (30-40 cm) soil temperatures during the pretreatment period. Results are compared to previous studies and implications for soil microbial processes and stream benthic communities are highlighted.

  2. Personality traits in old age: measurement and rank-order stability and some mean-level change.

    PubMed

    Mõttus, René; Johnson, Wendy; Deary, Ian J

    2012-03-01

    Lothian Birth Cohorts, 1936 and 1921 were used to study the longitudinal comparability of Five-Factor Model (McCrae & John, 1992) personality traits from ages 69 to 72 years and from ages 81 to 87 years, and cross-cohort comparability between ages 69 and 81 years. Personality was measured using the 50-item International Personality Item Pool (Goldberg, 1999). Satisfactory measurement invariance was established across time and cohorts. High rank-order stability was observed in both cohorts. Almost no mean-level change was observed in the younger cohort, whereas Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Intellect declined significantly in the older cohort. The older cohort scored higher on Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. In these cohorts, individual differences in personality traits continued to be stable even in very old age, mean-level changes accelerated.

  3. Electrolytes induce long-range orientational order and free energy changes in the H-bond network of bulk water

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yixing; Okur, Halil I.; Gomopoulos, Nikolaos; Macias-Romero, Carlos; Cremer, Paul S.; Petersen, Poul B.; Tocci, Gabriele; Wilkins, David M.; Liang, Chungwen; Ceriotti, Michele; Roke, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    Electrolytes interact with water in many ways: changing dipole orientation, inducing charge transfer, and distorting the hydrogen-bond network in the bulk and at interfaces. Numerous experiments and computations have detected short-range perturbations that extend up to three hydration shells around individual ions. We report a multiscale investigation of the bulk and surface of aqueous electrolyte solutions that extends from the atomic scale (using atomistic modeling) to nanoscopic length scales (using bulk and interfacial femtosecond second harmonic measurements) to the macroscopic scale (using surface tension experiments). Electrolytes induce orientational order at concentrations starting at 10 μM that causes nonspecific changes in the surface tension of dilute electrolyte solutions. Aside from ion-dipole interactions, collective hydrogen-bond interactions are crucial and explain the observed difference of a factor of 6 between light water and heavy water. PMID:27152357

  4. Agreement, Shells, and Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Andrew; Wu, Zoe

    2002-01-01

    Reconsiders development and licensing of agreement as a syntactic projection and argues for a productive developmental relation between agreement and the category of focus. Suggests that focus projections are initially selected by a variety of functional heads with real semantic content, then, over time decays into a simple concord shell. Upon…

  5. Non-Proliferation Agreements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swalec, John J.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses five kinds of cooperative agreements established by the College of Lake County (IL): those with other community colleges/technical institutes; the military; business, industry, and organizations; secondary schools; and community and special interest groups. Pays particular attention to two kinds of agreements with other colleges. (CAM)

  6. Cooperative Agreements Study Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawton, R. E.; Magruder, D.

    During the 1983 meeting of the Florida Legislature, action was taken to begin a systematic study of the level of cooperation between the Florida public schools K-12 program and the community and junior colleges. The goals and objectives of the Cooperative Agreements Study were to review and compile a list of the cooperative agreements and identify…

  7. The Helsinki Agreement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babel: Journal of the Australian Federation of Modern Language Teachers' Associations, 1977

    1977-01-01

    A reprint of sections of the Helsinki agreement dealing with foreign languages and civilization, and cooperation and exchanges in the field of education. The agreement supports wider knowledge of foreign languages and promotes exchanges, cooperation, lexicography, and specialized programs in adult education. (AMH)

  8. Statistical mechanical analysis of Raman spectroscopic order parameter changes in pressure-induced lipid bilayer phase transitions.

    PubMed Central

    Yager, P; Peticolas, W L

    1980-01-01

    The statistical mechanical cluster theory of Fisher as applied by Kanehisa and Tsong to phospholipid bilayers is modified to describe the effects of hydrostatic pressure on the state of an aqueous dispersion of the phospholipid dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine. A high pressure Raman scattering cell has been built to obtain the Raman spectra of aqueous dispersions of phospholipids as a function of the applied hydrostatic pressure from 0 to 100 atmospheres. Predicted thermal and pressure-induced phase transitions are compared with an experimentally obtained Raman order parameter derived from the ratio of two bands in the C-H stretching region of the Raman spectrum of the sample. The parameters of the theory are adjusted to obtain a satisfactory fit of the Raman order parameter versus temperature. The theory is then found to give an excellent prediction of the observed pressure dependence of the Raman order parameter with no changes in the adjustable parameters. The implications of the success of the theoretical fit is discussed. Particularly of interest is the rather high value of the critical temperature, Tc, for lipid bilayers which is predicted by the model. PMID:6894876

  9. [Changing the order of questions on drug use in the Swiss Health Survey--does it effect prevalence assessment?].

    PubMed

    Gmel, G

    1999-01-01

    A split-sample study investigated whether changes in the order of questions about the use of several medicines and remedies affected the estimation of prevalence of their use. In October 1996 the two versions of the questionnaires used for the First and Second Swiss Health Surveys were assigned respectively to two random samples (N1 = 537; N2 = 457). The general aim of the study was to investigate the comparability of the two questionnaire versions with regard to future analyses of trends. As assumed by the inclusion/exclusion model it was postulated that questionnaire changes in the order in which items on medicines and remedies were placed produced a contrast effect. A contrast effect would be a reduction in the estimation of the prevalence of use of those groups of medicines that followed remedies. The study found that question order produced no, or only small, effects on estimation of prevalence of use for purposes of future trend analysis. For eight groups of medicines the different questionnaire versions resulted in no significant differences (p > 0.05) in the prevalence of use. Effects on estimation of prevalence, however, must be expected according to whether a skip question about the use of medicines in general precedes the questions on specific medicines. As a tendency, the version without a skip question yielded a higher prevalence of daily use of tonics and fortifiers (4.8% versus 7.4%; p < 0.10). The difference (9.9% with a skip question versus 15.1% without) was significant (p < 0.05) for daily use of vitamins.

  10. 7 CFR 1230.53 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order National Pork Board §...

  11. 7 CFR 1230.53 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order National Pork Board §...

  12. 7 CFR 1230.53 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order National Pork Board §...

  13. 7 CFR 1230.53 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order National Pork Board §...

  14. 7 CFR 1230.53 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order National Pork Board §...

  15. Specific heat and entropy change at the first order phase transition of La(Fe-Mn-Si)13-H compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basso, Vittorio; Küpferling, Michaela; Curcio, Carmen; Bennati, Cecilia; Barzca, Alexander; Katter, Matthias; Bratko, Milan; Lovell, Edmund; Turcaud, Jeremy; Cohen, Lesley F.

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, we present the results of an experimental investigation on the magnetocaloric properties of hydrogenated La(Fe-Mn-Si)13-H with Mn substituting Fe to finely tune the transition temperature. We measured the specific heat under magnetic field cp(H, T) and the magnetic field induced isothermal entropy change Δs(H, T) of a series of compounds by direct Peltier calorimetry. Results show that increasing Mn from 0.06 to 0.46 reduces the transition temperature from 339 K to 270 K whilst the total entropy change due to a 1.5 T field is depressed from 18.7 J kg-1 K-1 to 10.2 J kg-1 K-1 and the thermal hysteresis similarly is reduced from 1.5 K to zero. In the paper, we interpret the results in terms of a magnetic phase transition changing from the first to the second order with increasing Mn content, and we discuss the value of the results for magnetic cooling applications.

  16. Measures of Agreement for Incompletely Ranked Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iachan, Ronaldo

    1984-01-01

    Measures of agreement for ordinal-scaled data are suggested that make use of the k categories with the highest ranks. The proposed measures are applied to the Self-Directed Search in order to evaluate its agreement with self-assessment (translation ability) or with the work environment (congruence). (Author)

  17. 7 CFR 1290.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1290.8 Section 1290.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM § 1290.8 Grant agreements. (a) After review and approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  18. 7 CFR 1291.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1291.8 Section 1291.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM-FARM BILL § 1291.8 Grant agreements. (a) After approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  19. 7 CFR 1291.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1291.8 Section 1291.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM-FARM BILL § 1291.8 Grant agreements. (a) After approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  20. 7 CFR 1290.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1290.8 Section 1290.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM § 1290.8 Grant agreements. (a) After review and approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  1. 7 CFR 1291.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1291.8 Section 1291.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM-FARM BILL § 1291.8 Grant agreements. (a) After approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  2. 7 CFR 1290.8 - Grant agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant agreements. 1290.8 Section 1290.8 Agriculture... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIALTY CROP BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM § 1290.8 Grant agreements. (a) After review and approval of a grant application, AMS will enter into...

  3. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FRESH PEARS AND PEACHES GROWN...

  4. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FRESH PEARS AND PEACHES GROWN...

  5. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FRESH PEARS AND PEACHES GROWN...

  6. 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(3)-1 - Termination of agreement by domestic corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of termination to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (2) A notice of termination given... Internal Revenue Service will transmit one copy of the notice of revocation to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (b) Termination by reason of change in stock ownership. (1) The period for which...

  7. 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(3)-1 - Termination of agreement by domestic corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... of termination to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (2) A notice of termination given... Internal Revenue Service will transmit one copy of the notice of revocation to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (b) Termination by reason of change in stock ownership. (1) The period for which...

  8. 26 CFR 36.3121(l)(3)-1 - Termination of agreement by domestic corporation or by reason of change in stock ownership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of termination to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (2) A notice of termination given... Internal Revenue Service will transmit one copy of the notice of revocation to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (b) Termination by reason of change in stock ownership. (1) The period for which...

  9. Comparison of ordered subsets expectation maximization and Chang's attenuation correction method in quantitative cardiac SPET: a phantom study.

    PubMed

    Dey, D; Slomka, P J; Hahn, L J; Kloiber, R

    1998-12-01

    Photon attenuation is one of the primary causes of artifacts in cardiac single photon emission tomography (SPET). Several attenuation correction algorithms have been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of using the ordered subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction algorithm and Chang's non-uniform attenuation correction method on quantitative cardiac SPET. We performed SPET scans of an anthropomorphic phantom simulating normal and abnormal myocardial studies. Attenuation maps of the phantom were obtained from computed tomographic images. The SPET projection data were corrected for attenuation using OSEM reconstruction, as well as Chang's method. For each defect scan and attenuation correction method, we calculated three quantitative parameters: average radial maximum (ARM) ratio of the defect-to-normal area, maximum defect contrast (MDC) and defect volume, using automated three-dimensional quantitation. The differences between the two methods were less than 4% for defect-to-normal ARM ratio, 19% for MDC and 13% for defect volume. These differences are within the range of estimated statistical variation of SPET. The calculation times of the two methods were comparable. For all SPET studies, OSEM attenuation correction gave a more correct activity distribution, with respect to both the homogeneity of the radiotracer and the shape of the cardiac insert. The difference in uniformity between OSEM and Chang's method was quantified by segmental analysis and found to be less than 8% for the normal study. In conclusion, OSEM and Chang's attenuation correction are quantitatively equivalent, with comparable calculation times. OSEM reconstruction gives a more correct activity distribution and is therefore preferred.

  10. 77 FR 72349 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ... & Logistic GMBH & Co. KG; Industrial Maritime Carriers LLC; Seaboard Marine, Ltd.; and West Coast Industrial... amendment removes BBC Chartering & Logistic GMBH & Co. KG as a party to the agreement. By Order of...

  11. 48 CFR 1542.1203 - Processing agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Novation and Change of Name Agreements 1542.1203 Processing agreements. (a... required documentary evidence. (2) Verify the accuracy of the list of contracts through the Contract... to the Director, Policy, Training and Oversight Division, and to each affected contract office....

  12. FFTF Authorization Agreement

    SciTech Connect

    DAUTEL, W.A.

    2000-09-25

    The purpose of the Authorization Agreement is to serve as a mechanism whereby the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) and Fluor Hanford (FH) jointly clarify and agree to key conditions for conducting work safely and efficiently in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF). Work must be accomplished in a manner that achieves high levels of quality while protecting the environment and the safety and health of workers and the public, and complying with applicable contractual and regulatory requirements. It is the intent of this Agreement to address those items of significant importance in establishing and supporting the FFTF Authorization Envelope, but this Agreement in no way alters the terms and conditions of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), Contract Number DE-AC06-96RL13200.

  13. The degree of order determined by local conditional entropy: a new technique to assess osteoporotic changes of trabecular networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Timm, Wolfram H. W.; Gluer, Claus C.; Sommer, Gerald

    2004-05-01

    Trabecular networks of cancellous bone show complex and stochastic characteristics, which have to be modelled in an adequate way to determine pathological changes of the network induced by osteoporosis. The analysis of complexity may be handled by the use of the Markov Theory, which is based on local interactions of a set of elements and thus can be applied to trabecular networks. The conditional entropy which is investigated as a potential measure of complexity, estimates the order of a structure and thus provides a means for classification of healthy versus osteoporotic bone structures. Since the conditional entropy is based on transition probabilities, stochastic characteristics are modelled, too. From a set of 29 female human vertebra T12, classified into two groups of 18 non-osteoporotic and 11 osteoporotic vertebrae axial biopsies were excised from the centre of the vertebral body. A digital model of the trabecular network was extracted with a Micro-CT device (FanBeam Microscope, Stratec, Pforzheim, Germany). Transition probabilities between neighboured voxels were coded as a set of 18 symbols describing the local dimension of a voxel and its relationship to its neighbours within a certain distance. A tree graph of the symbolic transitions coded the transition probabilities and founded a basis for the calculation of the local conditional entropy as a measure of order. The estimated local entropy for a distance at and above 10 voxels showed significantly higher values for the non-osteoporotic subjects than for the osteoporotic ones. This difference indicates, that non-osteoporotic trabecular networks show a higher degree of disorder compared to the osteoporotic ones.

  14. Seasonal variation in nutrient uptake in a 1st-order tributary of Lake Superior and implications for climate change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coble, A. A.; Marcarelli, A. M.

    2012-12-01

    In-stream biogeochemical cycling can control the timing and form of nutrients exported from watersheds to downstream ecosystems, and seasonal changes in light availability, discharge, temperature, or nutrient inputs may affect nutrient transformation and retention. Without an understanding of how in-stream biogeochemical cycling varies seasonally in snow-dominated regions it is uncertain how climate change will affect nutrient export to downstream ecosystems. Further compounding this uncertainty, few studies have examined in-stream nutrient processing during winter. Long-term monitoring (30 years) of climate and snowpack at Calumet watershed, a first order tributary of Lake Superior, has documented trends of increasing winter temperatures and greater snowmelt contributions to early season runoff. Identifying environmental variables that drive nutrient uptake is important because these observed trends may shift the timing of nutrient pulses relative to water temperatures and light availability. We hypothesized that ammonium (NH4) uptake velocity, a measure of nutrient uptake efficiency, would be greater in spring and fall due to increased light availability and nutrient pulses contributed by snowmelt in spring and leaf litter in fall. To test this hypothesis, we measured nutrient uptake velocity of ammonium (NH4) at 2-4 week intervals for one year in Calumet watershed by releasing inorganic nutrients (NH4Cl, KH2PO4) and a conservative tracer (rhodamine WT) into the stream and quantifying changes in nutrient and tracer concentrations along the stream reach. Canopy cover, ambient NH4 concentrations, stream water temperature, periphyton biomass, and discharge were also measured to identify which environmental covariates affected NH4 uptake velocities. The lowest NH4 uptake velocities were observed in winter (2.33 mm min-1) and summer months (2.03-2.08 mm min-1). Spring NH4 uptake velocities were variable: the greatest uptake velocities were observed following snowmelt

  15. Detection of Counter-Changing Contrast: Second-Order Apparent Motion Without Postrectification Motion-Energy Analysis or Salience Mapping/Feature Tracking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilroy, Lee A.; Hock, Howard S.

    2004-01-01

    The perception of 2nd-order, texture-contrast-defined motion was studied for apparent-motion stimuli composed of a pair of spatially displaced, simultaneously visible checkerboards. It was found that background-relative, counter-changing contrast provided the informational basis for the perception of 2nd-order apparent motion; motion began where…

  16. 7 CFR 1280.203 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order Lamb...

  17. Countries renew rescue agreement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bush, Susan M.

    To insure long-term continuity for the international satellite search and rescue system, COSPAS/SARSAT, an intergovernmental agreement binding the four sponsoring nations to cooperate was signed July 1 in Paris. According to Russell Vollmers of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the agreement is binding for 15 years, with an automatic extension.The system marked the fifth anniversary of its first rescue last year, when on September 10, 1982, three persons were rescued. Begun in the 1970s by NASA as an experiment, COSPAS/SARSAT (a Russian-English acronym) is now a cooperative project among the United States, Canada, France, and the Soviet Union. Its goal is to reduce the time required to rescue air and maritime distress victims and also to locate victims who otherwise may not be found, thus using the satellite system as a life-saving device.

  18. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies of a viscous nematic liquid crystal: Evidence counter to a second-order phase change

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shutt, W. E.; Gelerinter, E.; Fryburg, G. C.; Sheley, C. F.

    1972-01-01

    The ordering in a viscous, nematic, liquid crystal was studied using vanadyl acetyl acetonate and several nitroxides as paramagnetic probes. The ordering curve for VAAC at both K-band and X-band shows a slope discontinuity at a reduced temperature of 0.85. This discontinuity is caused by the tumbling time of the VAAC becoming comparable with the hyperfine splitting. The slope discontinuity is not present in the ordering curves of the nitroxides. The results are taken as evidence counter to the presence of a second-order phase transition.

  19. 78 FR 65396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX Inc.; Order Disapproving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... Release No. 69040 (March 5, 2013), 78 FR 15385 (``Notice''). \\4\\ See Letter, dated April 2, 2013, to... Exchange Act Release No. 69684 (June 3, 2013), 78 FR 34683 (June 10, 2013) (``Order Instituting Proceedings... Order Instituting Proceedings, supra note 4, 78 FR at 34685. \\6\\ See Letter, dated May 10, 2013,...

  20. 75 FR 62443 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... Release No. 62724 (August 16, 2010), 75 FR 51509 (``Notice''). II. Description Under the proposal, new... designation. See, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 61802 (March 30, 2010), 75 FR 17193 (April 5, 2010... Options Services LLC (``NOS''). NOS is NOM's exclusive order router for all orders that come through...

  1. When Help Becomes Hindrance: Unexpected Errors of Omission and Commission in Eyewitness Memory Resulting from Change Temporal Order at Retrieval?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dando, Coral J.; Ormerod, Thomas C.; Wilcock, Rachel; Milne, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    An experimental mock eyewitness study is reported that compared Free and reverse order recall of an empirically informed scripted crime event. Proponents of reverse order recall suggest it facilitates recovery of script incidental information and increases the total amount of information recalled. However, compared with free recall it was found to…

  2. 78 FR 57911 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BOX Options Exchange LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-20

    ... voluntarily cancel a Complex Order at any time, including during the exposure period. See Notice, 78 FR at... (July 30, 2013), 78 FR 47463 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal BOX proposes to amend BOX... Order Book.\\5\\ \\4\\ See BOX Rule 7240(b)(3)(iii). \\5\\ See Notice, 78 FR at 47463. Under the first step...

  3. [What is the therapeutic effect if a patient gets better but nobody knows how much? Analysis of change when the data material consists of ordered categories].

    PubMed

    Svensson, Elisabeth

    Assessments on scales and questionnaires generate ordered categorical data. Characteristic feature is the ordered structure with lack of information regarding size and inter-categorical distances. These limited mathematical properties of ordered categorical data mean that the most common statistical methods for evaluation of change, the Student's paired t-test and the Wilcoxon sign rank test, are not appropriate to use as they are based on differences. This paper presents classical methods useful for dichotomous data but they are appropriate for dichotomised ordered categorical data as well. PMID:16302509

  4. 16 CFR 1605.13 - Procedures for Consent Order Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Proceedings (16 CFR part 1025, June 21, 1977, or as later revised)); or (3) take such other action as it may.... 1605.13 Section 1605.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES PURSUANT TO THE FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT Consent...

  5. 16 CFR 1605.13 - Procedures for Consent Order Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Proceedings (16 CFR part 1025, June 21, 1977, or as later revised)); or (3) take such other action as it may.... 1605.13 Section 1605.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES PURSUANT TO THE FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT Consent...

  6. 16 CFR 1605.13 - Procedures for Consent Order Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Proceedings (16 CFR part 1025, June 21, 1977, or as later revised)); or (3) take such other action as it may.... 1605.13 Section 1605.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES PURSUANT TO THE FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT Consent...

  7. 16 CFR 1605.13 - Procedures for Consent Order Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Proceedings (16 CFR part 1025, June 21, 1977, or as later revised)); or (3) take such other action as it may.... 1605.13 Section 1605.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES PURSUANT TO THE FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT Consent...

  8. 16 CFR 1605.13 - Procedures for Consent Order Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Proceedings (16 CFR part 1025, June 21, 1977, or as later revised)); or (3) take such other action as it may.... 1605.13 Section 1605.13 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES PURSUANT TO THE FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT Consent...

  9. 16 CFR 1118.20 - Procedures for consent order agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... 1118.20 Section 1118.20 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS INVESTIGATIONS, INSPECTIONS AND INQUIRIES UNDER THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT... Commission's regulations relating to substantial product hazards (16 CFR part 1115). For all other...

  10. When help becomes hindrance: unexpected errors of omission and commission in eyewitness memory resulting from change temporal order at retrieval?

    PubMed

    Dando, Coral J; Ormerod, Thomas C; Wilcock, Rachel; Milne, Rebecca

    2011-12-01

    An experimental mock eyewitness study is reported that compared Free and reverse order recall of an empirically informed scripted crime event. Proponents of reverse order recall suggest it facilitates recovery of script incidental information and increases the total amount of information recalled. However, compared with free recall it was found to impair overall retrieval performance, resulting in fewer script consistent events, reduced recall of correct information, increased confabulations, and lowered accuracy proportional to items retrieved. The disruptive effects of reverse order are interpreted as providing evidence for the role of temporal clustering in guiding retrieval. Impairment induced by reverse order continued to influence retrieval negatively even during a secondary free recall phase suggesting it encourages confabulations. The results indicate that the technique should be used with caution, and only when retrieval by free recall has been exhausted.

  11. 77 FR 43780 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Changes to Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts and Orders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ... circumstances attending the original procurement; any changes in the type of work, performance period, and costs... raising the ceiling price or otherwise changing the scope of work for a time-and-materials (T&M) or labor... information provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Michael O. Jackson, Procurement Analyst, at...

  12. 75 FR 51863 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... Listing of the Wilshire Micro-Cap ETF August 17, 2010. I. Introduction On July 1, 2010, NYSE Arca, Inc... proposed rule change to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the Wilshire Micro-Cap ETF. The proposed rule... FR 41252 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list...

  13. 78 FR 13766 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Changes to Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts and Orders

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... published a proposed rule in the Federal Register at 77 FR 43780 on July 26, 2012, to address actions... 52 RIN 9000-AM28 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Changes to Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour... raising the ceiling price or otherwise changing the scope of work for a time-and-materials (T&M) or...

  14. 76 FR 8799 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ... Act Release No. 63625 (December 30, 2010), 76 FR 807 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The... objective of the Fund is to have the daily changes in percentage terms of the Shares' net asset value (``NAV... intended to track the changes in the Oil Benchmark regardless of whether the Oil Benchmark goes up or...

  15. 75 FR 82420 - Self-Regulatory Organizations, The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... To Amend IM-5101-2 To Provide Special Purpose Acquisition Companies the Option To Hold a Tender Offer in Lieu of a Shareholder Vote on a Proposed Acquisition and Other Changes to the SPAC Listing... change to provide special purpose acquisition companies (``SPACs'') an option to hold a tender offer...

  16. 78 FR 9088 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Europe Limited; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-07

    .... \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68152 (November 5, 2012), 77 FR 67427 (November 9, 2012). \\4... instance where there is joint misfeasance. Changes to Part 11 relate to the operation of the ICE...

  17. 77 FR 32161 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-31

    ... Release No. 66753 (April 6, 2012), 77 FR 21827 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change... primary financial markets regulator, the Comissao de Valores Mobiliarios, is a signatory to...

  18. 77 FR 20087 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ... (February 10, 2012), 77 FR 9281 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... information; or force majeure type events such as systems failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of...

  19. 76 FR 66339 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ...), 76 FR 55956 (``Notice''). ] II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list..., silver, platinum, and palladium. Each metal is assigned a base weight in the Metals Index based on...

  20. 76 FR 65310 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... (August 26, 2011), 76 FR 54518 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... should help maintain liquidity in these classes to the benefit of the Exchange, its ATP Holders,...

  1. 78 FR 19337 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 68889 (February 8, 2013), 78 FR 10666 (``Notice''). II. Background PHLX Rule 985(b.... 58179 (July 17, 2008), 73 FR 42874 (July 23, 2008) (SR-Phlx-2008-31) (order approving NASDAQ OMX's... also, Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62877 (September 9, 2010), 75 FR 56633 (September 16,...

  2. 77 FR 47472 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ... FR 37086 (``Notice''). The Commission notes that on August 2, 2012, the Exchange submitted Amendment... 37087. \\5\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63255 (November 5, 2010), 75 FR 69484 (November 12, 2010..., as Modified by Amendment No. 1, To Adopt a New Market Maker Peg Order Available to Exchange...

  3. 76 FR 62112 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-06

    ....19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65160 (August 18, 2011), 76 FR 52998 (``Notice... (``May 2008 Order''). See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 57801 (May 8, 2008), 73 FR 27878 (May 14... Relating to Listing and Trading of the WisdomTree Dreyfus Australia & New Zealand Debt Fund Under NYSE...

  4. 77 FR 38879 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... (May 7, 2012), 77 FR 27820 (May 11, 2012) (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange... also Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55156 (January 23, 2007), 72 FR 4759 (February 21, 2007) (order approving penny pilot program); 56568 (September 27, 2007), 72 FR 56422 (October 3, 2007)...

  5. 78 FR 15394 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-11

    ...-109) and 55216 (January 31, 2007), 72 FR 5779 (February 7, 2007). Proposed NYSE Rule 9000 Series The....19b-4. \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68678 (January 16, 2013), 78 FR 5213 (January 24, 2013...), 72 FR 42146 (August 1, 2007) (File No. 4-544) (Notice of Filing and Order Approving and...

  6. 77 FR 23294 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ..., 2012), 77 FR 15153 (``Notice''). II. Background BATS Trading is a broker-dealer that is a member of the... Exchange Act Release No. 62901 (September 13, 2010), 75 FR 57097 (September 17, 2010) (SR-BATS-2010-024.... 62716 (August 13, 2010), 75 FR 51295 (August 19, 2010) (File No. 10-198) (Order granting the...

  7. 77 FR 23300 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Y-Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ..., 2012), 77 FR 15152 (``Notice''). II. Background BATS Trading is a broker-dealer that is a member of the... (September 13, 2010), 75 FR 57097 (September 17, 2010) (SR-BATS- 2010-024). \\5\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62716 (August 13, 2010), 75 FR 51295 (August 19, 2010) (File No. 10-198) (order granting...

  8. 76 FR 54277 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... New York Stock Exchange, Inc. and Archipelago Holdings, Inc.); 58673 (September 29, 2008), 73 FR 57707... Stock Exchange LLC); 59135 (December 22, 2008), 73 FR 79954 (December 30, 2008) (SR-ISE-2009- 85) (order.... 64896 (July 15, 2011), 76 FR 43740 (``Notice''). II. Background BOX is an options trading facility...

  9. 75 FR 56633 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ..., 2010), 75 FR 43597 (``Notice''). \\4\\ Amendment No. 1 clarifies that the proposal to accept orders... Act Release No. 58613 (September 22, 2008), 73 FR 57181 (October 1, 2008) (SR-Phlx-2008- 65). Since..., 75 FR at 43598. \\13\\ See proposed Rule 3223. The ATS or ECN must be a PHLX member organization,...

  10. 76 FR 5630 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ... 9, 2010), 75 FR 78320 (``Notice''). \\5\\ Amendment No. 2 revises Phlx Rule 1080(m)(iii)(A) to include... FR 19271 (April 9, 2008) (``QCT Exemptive Order''). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 54389 (August 31, 2006), 71 FR 52829 (September 7, 2006). \\11\\ 17 CFR 242.611(a). \\12\\ See Phlx...

  11. 77 FR 55888 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ... Release No. 67101 (June 4, 2012), 77 FR 34115 (``Notice''). \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67475 (July 20, 2012), 77 FR 43879 (Notice of Designation of a Longer Period for Commission Action on... NYSE Arca Equities Rule 7.31(h) To Add a PL Select Order September 5, 2012. I. Introduction On May...

  12. 76 FR 9065 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-16

    ... (December 30, 2010), 76 FR 805 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange proposes to list...., Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 55783 (May 17, 2007), 72 FR 29194 (May 24, 2007) (SR-NYSEArca-2007-36... (July 12, 2001), 66 FR 37716 (July 19, 2001) (SR-PCX-2001-14) (order approving generic listing...

  13. 78 FR 20162 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68930 (February 14, 2013), 78 FR 12110 (``Notice''). II. Description of... Application and the Exemptive Order. See Notice, supra note 5, 78 FR at 12110 n.7. \\8\\ The Exchange states... regarding the portfolio. See Notice, supra note 5, 78 FR at 12111. \\9\\ 17 CFR 240.10A-3. The Fund...

  14. 76 FR 16462 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-23

    ... 22, 2009), 74 FR 5014 (January 28, 2009) (SR-NYSE-2008-120) (order approving a joint venture between...\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63859 (February 7, 2011), 76 FR 8391 (``Notice''). II....C. 78s(b). \\5\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 58324 (August 7, 2008), 73 FR 46936...

  15. Contact-Induced Changes in Word Order and Intonation in the Spanish of New York City Bilinguals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera-Tobon, Carolina

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is a variationist sociolinguistic analysis of the variable word order and prosody of copular constructions ("Nicolas es feliz" versus "'Feliz' es Nicolas," "Es Nicolas 'feliz,'" "Es 'feliz' Nicolas," "Nicolas is 'happy'") in the Spanish of first- and second-generation…

  16. 76 FR 79267 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Expanding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... support, risk management, order routing and market data delivery services to their customers while the... establish a fee applicable to Users that provide hosting services to their customers (``Hosted Users'') at...-location services. \\11\\ See Notice, 76 FR at 67527. Regarding the proposed hosting fee, the...

  17. 76 FR 79249 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Expanding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ..., order routing and market data delivery services to their customers while the User is co-located in the... Users that provide hosting services to their customers (``Hosted Users'') at the Exchange's data center... categories of market participants to access the Exchange's co-location services. \\11\\ See Notice, 76 FR...

  18. 76 FR 79242 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Expanding...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ..., order routing and market data delivery services to their customers while the User is co-located in the... Users that provide hosting services to their customers (``Hosted Users'') at the Exchange's data center... categories of market participants to access the Exchange's co-location services. \\11\\ See Notice, 76 FR...

  19. Assessment of pharmacogenomic agreement.

    PubMed

    Safikhani, Zhaleh; El-Hachem, Nehme; Quevedo, Rene; Smirnov, Petr; Goldenberg, Anna; Juul Birkbak, Nicolai; Mason, Christopher; Hatzis, Christos; Shi, Leming; Aerts, Hugo Jwl; Quackenbush, John; Haibe-Kains, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    In 2013 we published an analysis demonstrating that drug response data and gene-drug associations reported in two independent large-scale pharmacogenomic screens, Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) and Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE), were inconsistent. The GDSC and CCLE investigators recently reported that their respective studies exhibit reasonable agreement and yield similar molecular predictors of drug response, seemingly contradicting our previous findings. Reanalyzing the authors' published methods and results, we found that their analysis failed to account for variability in the genomic data and more importantly compared different drug sensitivity measures from each study, which substantially deviate from our more stringent consistency assessment. Our comparison of the most updated genomic and pharmacological data from the GDSC and CCLE confirms our published findings that the measures of drug response reported by these two groups are not consistent. We believe that a principled approach to assess the reproducibility of drug sensitivity predictors is necessary before envisioning their translation into clinical settings. PMID:27408686

  20. Assessment of pharmacogenomic agreement

    PubMed Central

    Safikhani, Zhaleh; El-Hachem, Nehme; Quevedo, Rene; Smirnov, Petr; Goldenberg, Anna; Juul Birkbak, Nicolai; Mason, Christopher; Hatzis, Christos; Shi, Leming; Aerts, Hugo JWL; Quackenbush, John; Haibe-Kains, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    In 2013 we published an analysis demonstrating that drug response data and gene-drug associations reported in two independent large-scale pharmacogenomic screens, Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) and Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE), were inconsistent. The GDSC and CCLE investigators recently reported that their respective studies exhibit reasonable agreement and yield similar molecular predictors of drug response, seemingly contradicting our previous findings. Reanalyzing the authors’ published methods and results, we found that their analysis failed to account for variability in the genomic data and more importantly compared different drug sensitivity measures from each study, which substantially deviate from our more stringent consistency assessment. Our comparison of the most updated genomic and pharmacological data from the GDSC and CCLE confirms our published findings that the measures of drug response reported by these two groups are not consistent. We believe that a principled approach to assess the reproducibility of drug sensitivity predictors is necessary before envisioning their translation into clinical settings. PMID:27408686

  1. 76 FR 28226 - Southwest Health Alliances, Inc., Doing Business as BSA Provider Network; Analysis of Agreement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-16

    ... Southwest Health Alliances, Inc., Doing Business as BSA Provider Network; Analysis of Agreement Containing... agreement containing a proposed Consent Order with Southwest Health Alliances, Inc., dba BSA Provider Network (``BSA Provider Network'' or ``Respondent''). The agreement settles charges that BSA...

  2. 29 CFR 553.105 - Mutual aid agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mutual aid agreements. 553.105 Section 553.105 Labor... Mutual aid agreements. An agreement between two or more States, political subdivisions, or interstate governmental agencies for mutual aid does not change the otherwise volunteer character of services performed...

  3. A whale better adjusts the biosonar to ordered rather than to random changes in the echo parameters.

    PubMed

    Supin, Alexander Ya; Nachtigall, Paul E; Breese, Marlee

    2012-09-01

    A false killer whale's (Pseudorca crassidens) sonar clicks and auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) were recorded during echolocation with simulated echoes in two series of experiments. In the first, both the echo delay and transfer factor (which is the dB-ratio of the echo sound-pressure level to emitted pulse source level) were varied randomly from trial to trial until enough data were collected (random presentation). In the second, a combination of the echo delay and transfer factor was kept constant until enough data were collected (ordered presentation). The mean click level decreased with shortening the delay and increasing the transfer factor, more at the ordered presentation rather than at the random presentation. AEPs to the self-heard emitted clicks decreased with shortening the delay and increasing the echo level equally in both series. AEPs to echoes increased with increasing the echo level, little dependent on the echo delay at random presentations but much more dependent on delay with ordered presentations. So some adjustment of the whale's biosonar was possible without prior information about the echo parameters; however, the availability of prior information about echoes provided additional whale capabilities to adjust both the transmitting and receiving parts of the biosonar.

  4. 7 CFR 1260.144 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....144 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BEEF PROMOTION AND RESEARCH Beef Promotion and Research Order Cattlemen's Beef Promotion and Research...

  5. 7 CFR 1219.51 - Contracts and agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and... information, consumer information, or related research with respect to Hass avocados and for the payment...

  6. 7 CFR 1219.51 - Contracts and agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and... information, consumer information, or related research with respect to Hass avocados and for the payment...

  7. 7 CFR 1219.51 - Contracts and agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and... information, consumer information, or related research with respect to Hass avocados and for the payment...

  8. 7 CFR 1220.205 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board...) Agree to disclose any relationship with any soybean promotion entity or with any organization that...

  9. 7 CFR 1220.205 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board...) Agree to disclose any relationship with any soybean promotion entity or with any organization that...

  10. 7 CFR 1220.205 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board...) Agree to disclose any relationship with any soybean promotion entity or with any organization that...

  11. 7 CFR 1220.205 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board...) Agree to disclose any relationship with any soybean promotion entity or with any organization that...

  12. 7 CFR 1220.205 - Nominee's agreement to serve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order United Soybean Board...) Agree to disclose any relationship with any soybean promotion entity or with any organization that...

  13. 7 CFR 1219.51 - Contracts and agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and... information, consumer information, or related research with respect to Hass avocados and for the payment...

  14. 7 CFR 1219.51 - Contracts and agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Budgets, Expenses, and... information, consumer information, or related research with respect to Hass avocados and for the payment...

  15. 76 FR 17653 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-30

    ... Mexico, US East Coast Service. Parties: China Shipping Container Lines Co., Ltd.; China Shipping... agreement authorizes the parties to exchange slots and coordinate sailings in the trades between Japan, China, and the Pacific coast of the United States. By Order of the Federal Maritime Commission....

  16. 77 FR 16838 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... in the trade between The U.S. West Coast and South Korea. Agreement No.: 012162. Title: Hoegh... from South Korea to the U.S. Atlantic Coast. By order of the Federal Maritime Commission. Dated: March... No.: 011463-007. Title: East Coast of North America to West Coast of South America and...

  17. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... as an independent contractor, to exercise delegated authority of the Director, NSA, in the control of... delegated by the Director, NSA, in accordance with such directions, orders, or regulations not inconsistent with this agreement as the United States (NSA) has by that time prescribed or may from time to...

  18. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... as an independent contractor, to exercise delegated authority of the Director, NSA, in the control of... delegated by the Director, NSA, in accordance with such directions, orders, or regulations not inconsistent with this agreement as the United States (NSA) has by that time prescribed or may from time to...

  19. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... as an independent contractor, to exercise delegated authority of the Director, NSA, in the control of... delegated by the Director, NSA, in accordance with such directions, orders, or regulations not inconsistent with this agreement as the United States (NSA) has by that time prescribed or may from time to...

  20. 76 FR 5810 - Notice of Agreement Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ...: Hanjin Shipping Co., Ltd; Hyundai Merchant Marine Co., Ltd; and Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Filing Party... Agreement. Parties: Port of Seattle; Eagle Marine Services, Ltd; SSA Terminals LLC; SSA Terminals (Seattle... Eagle Marine Services, Ltd. By Order of the Federal Maritime Commission. Dated: January 28, 2011....

  1. 76 FR 814 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-06

    ...), 75 FR 70331 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The purpose of the proposed rule change is.... Rule 511 also discusses the process and timing for doing routine and special (cause) evaluations and... specialists may include, but is not limited to, quality of markets, observance of ethical...

  2. 77 FR 57037 - Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Change to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... of essential oils and the products of essential oils. In addition, the Committee estimates that 15 of... season. Crop rotation is an essential cultural practice in the production of spearmint oil for weed... Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Change to Administrative Rules Regarding the...

  3. 76 FR 65305 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... (August 26, 2011), 76 FR 54516 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... either when there is buying or selling interest, or forty minutes prior to the close of trading for the... option contract in the series represents the delivery of other than 100 shares of underlying stock...

  4. 75 FR 34490 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ...), 75 FR 25014 (May 6, 2010) (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange is... (March 10, 2006), 71 FR 14045 (March 20, 2006) (SR-PCX-2006-24) and Securities Exchange Act Release No. 44138 (December 7, 2001), 66 FR 64895 (December 14, 2001) (SR-NYSE-2001- 42), respectively....

  5. 77 FR 63380 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-16

    ... Release No. 67715 (August 22, 2012), 77 FR 52083 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change... Act Release No. 28193 (March 11, 2008), 73 FR 14618 (March 18, 2008), footnote 34. See also, Investment Company Act Release No. 5847 (October 21, 1969), 35 FR 19989 (December 31, 1970)...

  6. 76 FR 58549 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ..., 2011), 76 FR 45885 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to... Exchange Act Release No. 62213 (June 3, 2010), 75 FR 32828 (June 9, 2010) (SR-NYSEArca-2010-22) (approving... Trade Shares of the Teucrium Wheat Fund, the Teucrium Soybean Fund and the Teucrium Sugar Fund...

  7. 76 FR 81552 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Relating...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-28

    ... (November 2, 2011), 76 FR 69316. II. Description of Proposal The Exchange proposes to adopt new Exchange... To Transfer of Exchange House Accounts December 21, 2011. I. Introduction On October 19, 2011, NASDAQ... house accounts. The proposed rule change was published in the Federal Register on November 8,...

  8. 78 FR 15990 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ...\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68666 (Jan. 16, 2013), 78 FR 4960 (``Notice''). II... the composition and/or changes to the Fund's portfolio, and will be subject to procedures designed to... the portfolio, and will be subject to procedures designed to prevent the use and dissemination...

  9. 78 FR 19766 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ... resulting from changes in U.S. or foreign fiscal or monetary policies, governmental regulations affecting... Exchange Act Release No. 68862 (February 7, 2013), 78 FR 10233 (``Notice''). II. Description of the... note 3, 78 FR at 10238-39. \\8\\ The ``Primary Index Committee,'' composed of employees of...

  10. 76 FR 8388 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To List...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-14

    ...), 75 FR 81692 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange proposes to list and trade the... Trade Shares of the Grail Western Asset Ultra Short Duration ETF February 7, 2011. I. Introduction On...-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to list and trade shares (``Shares'') of the Grail...

  11. 77 FR 35097 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-12

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 66846 (April 23, 2012), 77 FR 25218 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed..., materials, industrials, and telecommunication services (``Sectors''). As market conditions change, the Fund.... The Fund will invest in those Companies within the Market Segments and Sectors that offer the...

  12. 77 FR 67412 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...), 77 FR 58889 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list... to achieve positive total returns in rising or falling markets that are not directly correlated to.... At each meeting, the Committee reviews pending corporate actions that may affect...

  13. 77 FR 47482 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ... FR 36591 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list and... believes, in the aggregate, will track the performance of a selected universe of long/short equity hedge... 50 market factors that track the aggregated exposure and approximate the returns of the...

  14. 76 FR 1489 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-10

    ... seek to cause the net asset value (``NAV'') of the Fund to track the Index during periods in which the... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63349 (November 19, 2010), 75 FR 73145 (``Notice''). II. Description of...\\ seeks to track changes, whether positive or negative, in the level of the S&P 500 VIX Short-Term...

  15. 77 FR 20869 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-06

    .... \\3\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 66463 (February 24, 2012), 77 FR.... 78f(b)(5). \\7\\ Notice, 77 FR at 12639. \\8\\ Id. The Commission has reviewed the record for the proposed... Application Process for Approved Persons, and Making Related Technical and Conforming Changes April 2, 2012....

  16. Low order gravity field and sea-level: antarctic contribution to late-Pleistocen and Holocene volume changes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ivins, Erik; Wu, Xioping; Gross, Richard

    2005-01-01

    We discuss the requirements of a GRACE follow-on mission, having the potential capability, for example, to monitor both cryospheric changes in Antarctica, Greenland and Patagonia and for capturing the associated solid earth creep responses that exist beneath these regions.

  17. 75 FR 48391 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-10

    ... FR 38583 (``Notice''). In its proposal, Phlx proposed to establish fees for direct 10Gb circuit... to use an on- site router. After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change... and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free...

  18. 75 FR 48390 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-10

    ... FR 38571 (``Notice''). In its proposal, BX proposed to establish fees for direct 10Gb circuit... use an on- site router. After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is... principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and...

  19. 77 FR 51590 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 67315 (June 12, 2012), 77 FR 130 (``Notice''). ] II. Description of the Proposed... Adopting Rules Governing the Listing and Trading of New Products Known as DIVS, OWLS, and RISKS August 17... proposed rule change to adopt rules governing the listing and trading of new products known as DIVS,...

  20. 75 FR 69491 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change by New York Stock Exchange...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-12

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62955 (September 20, 2010), 75 FR... operation of the NYBX. \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 59282 (January 22, 2009), 74 FR 5009... (``Act'') \\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ to change the execution of algorithm of the New York...

  1. 78 FR 1906 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... Performance Evaluations With Respect to Quote Submissions of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming... change to amend performance evaluations with respect to Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') and Remote... proposes to amend the performance evaluations with respect to SQTs and RSQTs. Exchange Rule 510 sets...

  2. 77 FR 38117 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-26

    .... 66887 (May 1, 2012), 77 FR 26798 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... New York Mercantile Exchange 8:30-13:00 Platinum New York Mercantile Exchange 8:20-13:05 Silver New.... This replacement of expiring contracts with more distant contracts is referred to as ``roll.''...

  3. 77 FR 39554 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ... (May 11, 2012), 77 FR 29429 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... as systems failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot... illiquid securities. \\13\\ See Investment Company Act Release Nos. 28193 (March 11, 2008), 73 FR...

  4. 78 FR 19790 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    .... 68928 (Feb. 14, 2013), 78 FR 12125 (Feb. 21, 2013). \\4\\ In Amendment No. 1, ICC amended the filing to... Modified by Amendments No. 1 and 2 Thereto, To Update Chapter 26 and Remove Schedule 502 of the ICE Clear... included conforming changes to the chapters of the ICC Rules referencing iTraxx Europe index CDS...

  5. 77 FR 14048 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 65847 (November 29, 2011), 76 FR 75926 (``Notice''). \\4\\ The Exchange withdrew... Claymore Exchange-Traded Fund Trust (``Trust''),\\7\\ a statutory trust organized under the laws of the State... possibility of expropriation or confiscatory taxation, adverse changes in investment or exchange...

  6. 77 FR 39760 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Add...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 66777 (April 10, 2012), 77 FR 22623 (April 16, 2012). \\4\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67070 (May 29, 2012), 77 FR 33013 (June 4, 2012). II. Description This rule change will amend... entities: Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil, Malaysia, Colombia, Hungary, Indonesia, Panama, Peru, South...

  7. 75 FR 6758 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... No. 61236 (December 23, 2009), 75 FR 170 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange... To List and Trade the Sprott Physical Gold Trust February 4, 2010. I. Introduction On December 15... Physical Gold Trust (the ``Trust'') pursuant to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.201. The proposed rule change...

  8. 75 FR 6778 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ... No. 61236 (December 23, 2009), 75 FR 170 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange... To List and Trade the Sprott Physical Gold Trust February 4, 2010. I. Introduction On December 15... Physical Gold Trust (the ``Trust'') pursuant to NYSE Arca Equities Rule 8.201. The proposed rule change...

  9. 75 FR 32828 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ... Relating to Listing of the Teucrium Corn Fund June 3, 2010. I. Introduction On March 31, 2010, NYSE Arca...,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to list and trade shares of the Teucrium Corn Fund under NYSE Arca... Release No. 61954 (April 21, 2010), 75 FR 22663 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The...

  10. 76 FR 62873 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    .... 65126 (August 12, 2011), 76 FR 51442 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The... force majeure type events such as systems failure, natural or man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption or any similar intervening circumstance....

  11. 75 FR 25889 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... during the opening auction process (``Auction'') and to implement an associated conforming change to NYSE... Release No. 61759 (March 23, 2010), 75 FR 15758 (``Notice''). Currently, NYSE Arca Rule...

  12. 77 FR 42533 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ..., 2012), 77 FR 32155 (``Notice''). \\4\\ In approving the proposed rule changes, the Commission has.... NYSE Euronext owns all of the equity interest of NYSE Group. \\6\\ See Notice, 77 FR at 32156. The... have been superseded by other requirements.\\11\\ \\11\\ See Notice, 77 FR at 32156; see also...

  13. 77 FR 30345 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-22

    ... 30, 2012), 77 FR 20660 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... Country World Index, MSCI Europe, Australasia and Far East Index, and MSCI Emerging Markets Index... activities in the same industry or group of industries. This limitation does not apply to investments...

  14. 78 FR 41138 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ...), 78 FR 29411 (``Notice''). II. Description of Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list and... roll out of existing positions and establish new positions in Index Futures on an ongoing basis.\\12\\ \\9... of the CME Group Inc. are the CME, Chicago Board of Trade (``CBOT''), New York Mercantile...

  15. 78 FR 51769 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... Release No. 69862 (June 26, 2013), 78 FR 39810 (``Notice''). II. Description of Proposed Rule Change The..., fully collateralized commodity futures index that employs a momentum rule to determine if exposure to a... direction of the momentum signal (i.e., 1 for long, 0 for flat, or -1 for short). On the...

  16. 75 FR 36136 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    .... 62032 (May 4, 2010), 75 FR 26304 (``Notice''). I. Description of the Proposed Rule Change Currently, the... 14, 2007), 72 FR 8033 (February 22, 2007) (SR-NYSE-2006-120). \\12\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 58673 (September 29, 2008), 73 FR 57707 (October 3, 2008) (SR-Amex-2008-62, SR-NYSE-...

  17. 75 FR 71760 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ...\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63041 (October 5, 2010), 75 FR 62905 (``Notice''). II... Relating to the Listing and Trading of Shares of the Peritus High Yield ETF November 17, 2010. I... (``Shares'') of the Peritus High Yield ETF (``Fund''). The proposed rule change was published for comment...

  18. 78 FR 21650 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... Commission, along with other corporate governance documents.\\8\\ \\7\\ See Section 3(a)(27) of the Act, 15 U.S.C... (February 20, 2013), 78 FR 13103 (``Notice''). \\4\\ In approving the proposed rule changes, the Commission... NYSE Arca Holdings Bylaws, along with other corporate documents, are rules of the Exchange \\7\\ and...

  19. 75 FR 479 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving the Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 60973 (November 9, 2009), 74 FR... for comment. \\5\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 60974 (November 9, 2009), 74 FR 59299... Process and Make Conforming Changes to NYSE Amex Equities Rule 13 and Rule 15 December 28, 2009....

  20. 76 FR 60957 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... securities that best represent each of the desired investment types. The strategy also calls for periodic... evaluates ETFs based on their underlying costs. The Adviser employs a buy and hold strategy, meaning that it...), 76 FR 53004 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Commission...

  1. 75 FR 2899 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-19

    ...), 74 FR 64797 (hereinafter referred to as ``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange... Amending Its Listing Fees for Structured Products January 12, 2010. I. Introduction On November 19, 2009...\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change ] amending its maximum fee for...

  2. 78 FR 75406 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ... (October 8, 2013), 78 FR 62751 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... that data for the global currencies is derived, in part, from the Bank for International Settlements... (``Table 3''). See http://www.bis.org/publ/rpfxf10t.htm . Trade volume data for the currencies selected...

  3. 76 FR 44966 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ... ``lock in'' the exchange rate between the currency it will deliver and the currency it will receive for... Equities Rule 8.600. The proposed rule change was published in the Federal Register on June 10, 2011.\\3... (June 6, 2011), 76 FR 34112 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange proposes to...

  4. 78 FR 69167 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; ICE Clear Credit LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... Contracts''). Currently, ICC clears four Standard Latin America Sovereign Single Name constituents of the... to manage risk. SEEME Contracts have similar terms to the Standard Latin America Sovereign Single..., 2013), 78 FR 60357 (Oct. 1, 2013) (SR-ICC-2013-07). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change...

  5. 78 FR 54700 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... or acts of God, earthquakes, strikes, riots, acts of war, terrorism, or other national emergencies... FR 45003 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to list and... man-made disaster, act of God, armed conflict, act of terrorism, riot or labor disruption, or...

  6. 76 FR 28840 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 64075 (March 11, 2011), 76 FR 14702. On April 8... Act Release No. 64282 (April 8, 2011), 76 FR 21084 (April 14, 2011). II. Description of the Proposal... the Number of Components in the PHLX Oil Service Sector\\SM\\ Known as OSX\\SM\\, and Changing...

  7. 76 FR 5646 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ... Act Release No. 63463 (December 8, 2010), 75 FR 77923 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal... Commission (``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1... stated that the proposed rule change seeks to reduce investor confusion resulting from...

  8. 76 FR 5627 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ... Act Release No. 63462 (December 8, 2010), 75 FR 77689 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal... Commission (``Commission''), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (``Act'') \\1... stated that the proposed rule change seeks to reduce investor confusion resulting from...

  9. 77 FR 50743 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... currently able to purchase access to the Exchange's Liquidity Center Network (``LCN''), a local area network... (June 26, 2012), 77 FR 39296 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange.... \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62960 (September 21, 2010), 75 FR 59310 (September...

  10. 75 FR 16891 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 61531 (February 17, 2010), 75 FR 8416... approved proposed rule change. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 61577 (February 24, 2010), 75 FR... Pestone, Chief Legal Officer, BOX, to Heather Seidel, Terri Evans and Sarah Schandler, Division of...

  11. 77 FR 50734 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Amending the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... (June 26, 2012), 77 FR 39288 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange... fees. \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 63274 (November 8, 2010), 75 FR 69722 (November 15.... 65975 (December 15, 2011), 76 FR 79233 (December 21, 2011) (SR-NYSEAmex- 2011-82). Cabinet...

  12. 78 FR 51250 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-20

    ... (June 27, 2013), 78 FR 40241 (``Notice''). II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange currently... Presence (PoPs). The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on July 3, 2013...'s network via physical ports at data center entry points, or PoPs, at data centers other than...

  13. A Systematic Review of Interventions to Change Staff Care Practices in Order to Improve Resident Outcomes in Nursing Homes

    PubMed Central

    Low, Lee-Fay; Fletcher, Jennifer; Goodenough, Belinda; Jeon, Yun-Hee; Etherton-Beer, Christopher; MacAndrew, Margaret; Beattie, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Background We systematically reviewed interventions that attempted to change staff practice to improve long-term care resident outcomes. Methods Studies met criteria if they used a control group, included 6 or more nursing home units and quantitatively assessed staff behavior or resident outcomes. Intervention components were coded as including education material, training, audit and feedback, monitoring, champions, team meetings, policy or procedures and organizational restructure. Results Sixty-three unique studies were broadly grouped according to clinical domain—oral health (3 studies), hygiene and infection control (3 studies), nutrition (2 studies), nursing home acquired pneumonia (2 studies), depression (2 studies) appropriate prescribing (7 studies), reduction of physical restraints (3 studies), management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (6 studies), falls reduction and prevention (11 studies), quality improvement (9 studies), philosophy of care (10 studies) and other (5 studies). No single intervention component, combination of, or increased number of components was associated with greater likelihood of positive outcomes. Studies with positive outcomes for residents also tended to change staff behavior, however changing staff behavior did not necessarily improve resident outcomes. Studies targeting specific care tasks (e.g. oral care, physical restraints) were more likely to produce positive outcomes than those requiring global practice changes (e.g. care philosophy). Studies using intervention theories were more likely to be successful. Program logic was rarely articulated, so it was often unclear whether there was a coherent connection between the intervention components and measured outcomes. Many studies reported barriers relating to staff (e.g. turnover, high workload, attitudes) or organizational factors (e.g. funding, resources, logistics). Conclusion Changing staff practice in nursing homes is possible but complex

  14. Agreement with Subjects in Lubukusu

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diercks, Michael J. K.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examines three topics in the morphosyntax of Lubukusu (Bantu, Kenya), all of which are concerned with agreement with subjects: locative inversion, complementizer agreement, and alternative agreement effects in subject extraction. Each topic reports novel Lubukusu data which are both typologically interesting and theoretically…

  15. Mining Agreements with Indian Tribes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luebben, Tom

    1976-01-01

    The article discusses aspects of negotiating agreements for exploration, development, and mining of hard minerals on Indian Reservations. The agreements discussed are typical of copper agreements, but the general points under discussion are applicable to most hard minerals except for uranium, coal, and oil which are substantially different.…

  16. Political attitudes in adolescence and emerging adulthood: Developmental changes in mean level, polarization, rank-order stability, and correlates.

    PubMed

    Rekker, Roderik; Keijsers, Loes; Branje, Susan; Meeus, Wim

    2015-06-01

    This three-wave cohort-sequential longitudinal study (N = 1302) examined the development of two core political attitudes, economic egalitarianism and ethnocentrism, among Dutch youths between age 12 and 31. Longitudinal regression analyses revealed a curvilinear mean level development for both attitudes, reflecting an increased disagreement with economic redistribution and multiculturalism around late adolescence. Furthermore, attitudes became decreasingly polarized (i.e., less extreme) and increasingly stable with age. Finally, several effects of attitudes' correlates gradually changed: The effect of educational level on ethnocentrism increased with age, whereas the effect of gender diminished. Regional effects on ethnocentrism developed as youths resided in a new area. No age-related change was found in the effect of parental SES. Overall, these findings support the idea that attitudes mature during the formative phase of adolescence and that this process slows down during emerging adulthood. Furthermore, these results support developmental explanations for the association between attitudes and their correlates. PMID:25880889

  17. Political attitudes in adolescence and emerging adulthood: Developmental changes in mean level, polarization, rank-order stability, and correlates.

    PubMed

    Rekker, Roderik; Keijsers, Loes; Branje, Susan; Meeus, Wim

    2015-06-01

    This three-wave cohort-sequential longitudinal study (N = 1302) examined the development of two core political attitudes, economic egalitarianism and ethnocentrism, among Dutch youths between age 12 and 31. Longitudinal regression analyses revealed a curvilinear mean level development for both attitudes, reflecting an increased disagreement with economic redistribution and multiculturalism around late adolescence. Furthermore, attitudes became decreasingly polarized (i.e., less extreme) and increasingly stable with age. Finally, several effects of attitudes' correlates gradually changed: The effect of educational level on ethnocentrism increased with age, whereas the effect of gender diminished. Regional effects on ethnocentrism developed as youths resided in a new area. No age-related change was found in the effect of parental SES. Overall, these findings support the idea that attitudes mature during the formative phase of adolescence and that this process slows down during emerging adulthood. Furthermore, these results support developmental explanations for the association between attitudes and their correlates.

  18. 75 FR 20018 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, As...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ...''),\\1\\ and Rule 19b-4 \\2\\ thereunder, a proposed rule change to offer certain new Exchange data products... published for comment in the Federal Register on March 5, 2010.\\4\\ The Commission received one comment... 2. \\1\\ 15 U.S.C. 78s(b)(1). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ A Member is any registered broker or...

  19. Impact of index change saturation on the growth behavior of higher-order type I ultrafast induced fiber Bragg gratings

    SciTech Connect

    Smelser, Christopher W.; Mihailov, Stephen J.; Grobnic, Dan

    2008-05-15

    Ultrafast infrared induced fiber Bragg gratings in a hydrogen-loaded SMF-28 fiber are shown to exhibit complex and, what we believe to be, novel spectral evolutions. It is believed that the induced grating peak profile in the fiber is nonsinusoidal as a result of the nonlinear absorption required to modify the material. Rouard's method is used to show that the observed spectral evolution is a consequence of the saturation of the nonsinusoidal index change profile.

  20. A first-order global model of Late Cenozoic climatic change: Orbital forcing as a pacemaker of the ice ages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saltzman, Barry

    1992-01-01

    The development of a theory of the evolution of the climate of the earth over millions of years can be subdivided into three fundamental, nested, problems: (1) to establish by equilibrium climate models (e.g., general circulation models) the diagnostic relations, valid at any time, between the fast-response climate variables (i.e., the 'weather statistics') and both the prescribed external radiative forcing and the prescribed distribution of the slow response variables (e.g., the ice sheets and shelves, the deep ocean state, and the atmospheric CO2 concentration); (2) to construct, by an essentially inductive process, a model of the time-dependent evolution of the slow-response climatic variables over time scales longer than the damping times of these variables but shorter than the time scale of tectonic changes in the boundary conditions (e.g., altered geography and elevation of the continents, slow outgassing, and weathering) and ultra-slow astronomical changes such as in the solar radiative output; and (3) to determine the nature of these ultra-slow processes and their effects on the evolution of the equilibrium state of the climatic system about which the above time-dependent variations occur. All three problems are discussed in the context of the theory of the Quaternary climate, which will be incomplete unless it is embedded in a more general theory for the fuller Cenozoic that can accommodate the onset of the ice-age fluctuations. We construct a simple mathematical model for the Late Cenozoic climatic changes based on the hypothesis that forced and free variations of the concentration of atmospheric greenhouse gases (notably CO2), coupled with changes in the deep ocean state and ice mass, under the additional 'pacemaking' influence of earth-orbital forcing, are primary determinants of the climate state over this period. Our goal is to illustrate how a single model governing both very long term variations and higher frequency oscillatory variations in the

  1. NMR evidence of a sharp change in a measure of local order in deeply supercooled confined water

    PubMed Central

    Mallamace, F.; Corsaro, C.; Broccio, M.; Branca, C.; González-Segredo, N.; Spooren, J.; Chen, S.-H.; Stanley, H. E.

    2008-01-01

    Using NMR, we measure the proton chemical shift δ, of supercooled nanoconfined water in the temperature range 195 K < T < 350 K. Because δ is directly connected to the magnetic shielding tensor, we discuss the data in terms of the local hydrogen bond geometry and order. We argue that the derivative −(∂ ln δ/∂T)P should behave roughly as the constant pressure specific heat CP(T), and we confirm this argument by detailed comparisons with literature values of CP(T) in the range 290–370 K. We find that −(∂ ln δ/∂T)P displays a pronounced maximum upon crossing the locus of maximum correlation length at ≈240 K, consistent with the liquid-liquid critical point hypothesis for water, which predicts that CP(T) displays a maximum on crossing the Widom line. PMID:18753633

  2. Values Stability and Change in Adulthood: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study of Rank-Order Stability and Mean-Level Differences.

    PubMed

    Milfont, Taciano L; Milojev, Petar; Sibley, Chris G

    2016-05-01

    Recent studies have examined whether values change across time. The present study investigates both rank-order stability and mean-level differences in core values--and whether age and sex moderate stability and change--over 3 years using a national probability sample (from 25 to 75 years;N= 3,962). Value priorities were highly stable, except for Conservation values among women, which peaked in stability at age 50 and decreased afterward. Older adults and women placed greater emphasis on values relating to the welfare of others and preservation of traditional practices and stability (Self-Transcendence and Conservation values). Younger individuals and men tended to more highly value the pursuit of status and power, and independent thought and behavior (Self-Enhancement and Openness to Change). The results are consistent with a life span perspective on values development and indicate values may change slowly throughout life as a reflection of biological and psychological maturation. PMID:27029575

  3. Expertly Validated Models and Phylogenetically-Controlled Analysis Suggests Responses to Climate Change Are Related to Species Traits in the Order Lagomorpha

    PubMed Central

    Leach, Katie; Kelly, Ruth; Cameron, Alison; Montgomery, W. Ian; Reid, Neil

    2015-01-01

    Climate change during the past five decades has impacted significantly on natural ecosystems, and the rate of current climate change is of great concern among conservation biologists. Species Distribution Models (SDMs) have been used widely to project changes in species’ bioclimatic envelopes under future climate scenarios. Here, we aimed to advance this technique by assessing future changes in the bioclimatic envelopes of an entire mammalian order, the Lagomorpha, using a novel framework for model validation based jointly on subjective expert evaluation and objective model evaluation statistics. SDMs were built using climatic, topographical, and habitat variables for all 87 lagomorph species under past and current climate scenarios. Expert evaluation and Kappa values were used to validate past and current models and only those deemed ‘modellable’ within our framework were projected under future climate scenarios (58 species). Phylogenetically-controlled regressions were used to test whether species traits correlated with predicted responses to climate change. Climate change is likely to impact more than two-thirds of lagomorph species, with leporids (rabbits, hares, and jackrabbits) likely to undertake poleward shifts with little overall change in range extent, whilst pikas are likely to show extreme shifts to higher altitudes associated with marked range declines, including the likely extinction of Kozlov’s Pika (Ochotona koslowi). Smaller-bodied species were more likely to exhibit range contractions and elevational increases, but showing little poleward movement, and fecund species were more likely to shift latitudinally and elevationally. Our results suggest that species traits may be important indicators of future climate change and we believe multi-species approaches, as demonstrated here, are likely to lead to more effective mitigation measures and conservation management. We strongly advocate studies minimising data gaps in our knowledge of the

  4. Expertly validated models and phylogenetically-controlled analysis suggests responses to climate change are related to species traits in the order lagomorpha.

    PubMed

    Leach, Katie; Kelly, Ruth; Cameron, Alison; Montgomery, W Ian; Reid, Neil

    2015-01-01

    Climate change during the past five decades has impacted significantly on natural ecosystems, and the rate of current climate change is of great concern among conservation biologists. Species Distribution Models (SDMs) have been used widely to project changes in species' bioclimatic envelopes under future climate scenarios. Here, we aimed to advance this technique by assessing future changes in the bioclimatic envelopes of an entire mammalian order, the Lagomorpha, using a novel framework for model validation based jointly on subjective expert evaluation and objective model evaluation statistics. SDMs were built using climatic, topographical, and habitat variables for all 87 lagomorph species under past and current climate scenarios. Expert evaluation and Kappa values were used to validate past and current models and only those deemed 'modellable' within our framework were projected under future climate scenarios (58 species). Phylogenetically-controlled regressions were used to test whether species traits correlated with predicted responses to climate change. Climate change is likely to impact more than two-thirds of lagomorph species, with leporids (rabbits, hares, and jackrabbits) likely to undertake poleward shifts with little overall change in range extent, whilst pikas are likely to show extreme shifts to higher altitudes associated with marked range declines, including the likely extinction of Kozlov's Pika (Ochotona koslowi). Smaller-bodied species were more likely to exhibit range contractions and elevational increases, but showing little poleward movement, and fecund species were more likely to shift latitudinally and elevationally. Our results suggest that species traits may be important indicators of future climate change and we believe multi-species approaches, as demonstrated here, are likely to lead to more effective mitigation measures and conservation management. We strongly advocate studies minimising data gaps in our knowledge of the Order

  5. Agent-based models of strategies for the emergence and evolution of grammatical agreement.

    PubMed

    Beuls, Katrien; Steels, Luc

    2013-01-01

    Grammatical agreement means that features associated with one linguistic unit (for example number or gender) become associated with another unit and then possibly overtly expressed, typically with morphological markers. It is one of the key mechanisms used in many languages to show that certain linguistic units within an utterance grammatically depend on each other. Agreement systems are puzzling because they can be highly complex in terms of what features they use and how they are expressed. Moreover, agreement systems have undergone considerable change in the historical evolution of languages. This article presents language game models with populations of agents in order to find out for what reasons and by what cultural processes and cognitive strategies agreement systems arise. It demonstrates that agreement systems are motivated by the need to minimize combinatorial search and semantic ambiguity, and it shows, for the first time, that once a population of agents adopts a strategy to invent, acquire and coordinate meaningful markers through social learning, linguistic self-organization leads to the spontaneous emergence and cultural transmission of an agreement system. The article also demonstrates how attested grammaticalization phenomena, such as phonetic reduction and conventionalized use of agreement markers, happens as a side effect of additional economizing principles, in particular minimization of articulatory effort and reduction of the marker inventory. More generally, the article illustrates a novel approach for studying how key features of human languages might emerge.

  6. Agent-Based Models of Strategies for the Emergence and Evolution of Grammatical Agreement

    PubMed Central

    Beuls, Katrien; Steels, Luc

    2013-01-01

    Grammatical agreement means that features associated with one linguistic unit (for example number or gender) become associated with another unit and then possibly overtly expressed, typically with morphological markers. It is one of the key mechanisms used in many languages to show that certain linguistic units within an utterance grammatically depend on each other. Agreement systems are puzzling because they can be highly complex in terms of what features they use and how they are expressed. Moreover, agreement systems have undergone considerable change in the historical evolution of languages. This article presents language game models with populations of agents in order to find out for what reasons and by what cultural processes and cognitive strategies agreement systems arise. It demonstrates that agreement systems are motivated by the need to minimize combinatorial search and semantic ambiguity, and it shows, for the first time, that once a population of agents adopts a strategy to invent, acquire and coordinate meaningful markers through social learning, linguistic self-organization leads to the spontaneous emergence and cultural transmission of an agreement system. The article also demonstrates how attested grammaticalization phenomena, such as phonetic reduction and conventionalized use of agreement markers, happens as a side effect of additional economizing principles, in particular minimization of articulatory effort and reduction of the marker inventory. More generally, the article illustrates a novel approach for studying how key features of human languages might emerge. PMID:23527055

  7. Agent-based models of strategies for the emergence and evolution of grammatical agreement.

    PubMed

    Beuls, Katrien; Steels, Luc

    2013-01-01

    Grammatical agreement means that features associated with one linguistic unit (for example number or gender) become associated with another unit and then possibly overtly expressed, typically with morphological markers. It is one of the key mechanisms used in many languages to show that certain linguistic units within an utterance grammatically depend on each other. Agreement systems are puzzling because they can be highly complex in terms of what features they use and how they are expressed. Moreover, agreement systems have undergone considerable change in the historical evolution of languages. This article presents language game models with populations of agents in order to find out for what reasons and by what cultural processes and cognitive strategies agreement systems arise. It demonstrates that agreement systems are motivated by the need to minimize combinatorial search and semantic ambiguity, and it shows, for the first time, that once a population of agents adopts a strategy to invent, acquire and coordinate meaningful markers through social learning, linguistic self-organization leads to the spontaneous emergence and cultural transmission of an agreement system. The article also demonstrates how attested grammaticalization phenomena, such as phonetic reduction and conventionalized use of agreement markers, happens as a side effect of additional economizing principles, in particular minimization of articulatory effort and reduction of the marker inventory. More generally, the article illustrates a novel approach for studying how key features of human languages might emerge. PMID:23527055

  8. COSMOS Sensors in Agricultural Ecosystems: Accounting for Rapid Changes in Biomass in Order to Monitor Root Zone Water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornbuckle, B. K.; Irvin, S.; Franz, T. E.

    2013-12-01

    Cosmic rays from outer space produce neutrons in the atmosphere which are scattered and absorbed by hydrogen in the atmosphere, soil, and vegetation. The intensity of neutrons just above Earth's surface is inversely related to the hydrogen (and therefore water content) of the soil. Neutron detectors situated 2 m above the ground are sensitive to the soil water content of the top 30 cm. Daily estimates of soil water with an uncertainty of < 1% are possible. An individual neutron detector observes an area nearly 700 m in diameter. This spatial scale closely matches the scale of agricultural fields in the Midwest United States. We claim that future weather and climate models will need to resolve soil moisture at this field scale in order to best represent land-atmosphere interactions and subsequently improve forecasts of the soil moisture reservoir in this region. Using neutron detectors to observe soil moisture circumvents the problem of 'scaling up' point observations of soil moisture made with in-situ sensors like TDR or simple gravimetric sampling. The COSMOS (COsmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System) is a network of nearly 60 neutron detectors deployed in a variety of ecosystems across the United States. Each detector is connected to the network through a satellite communication link and data is available in real-time via the web. The goal of the network is to eventually deploy 500 detectors and provide continental-scale observations of plant-available water. Recently it has been recognized that all hydrogen sources must be considered when interpreting neutron measurements. These sources include static pools of hydrogen (soil chemical composition, bound soil water, and soil organic matter), quasi-static pools (the water stored in vegetation, as well as vegetation dry matter), and transient pools (soil pore water, water vapor in the atmosphere, ponded water, snow, and possibly dew and intercepted precipitation). In the agricultural ecosystems of the Midwest, both

  9. Age and blood pressure changes. A 20-year follow-up study in nuns in a secluded order.

    PubMed

    Timio, M; Verdecchia, P; Venanzi, S; Gentili, S; Ronconi, M; Francucci, B; Montanari, M; Bichisao, E

    1988-10-01

    In a prospective study, 144 white nuns belonging to a secluded monastic order and 138 white control laywomen were followed for 20 years to investigate whether living for a long time in a stress-free environment influences the effect of aging on blood pressure. Silence, meditation, and isolation from society are the distinctive features of the life-style examined. At study entry, blood pressure was not dissimilar in the nuns and the control group, but it increased over time only in the controls, with a mean slope of the regression line (beta coefficient) of 0.089 in the nuns (NS) and 2.171 in the controls (p less than 0.0001) for systolic blood pressure and of 0.054 in the nuns (NS) and 0.742 in the controls (p less than 0.0001) for diastolic blood pressure. Weight and body mass index increased similarly over time in the two groups. Family history of hypertension was not dissimilar between the groups. Serum cholesterol and triglycerides, higher at study entry in the nuns, increased similarly over time in the two groups. Twenty-four-hour urinary sodium excretion, collected randomly in both groups, did not differ over time between nuns and controls. None of the women smoked or used oral contraceptives. Educational level was higher in the control group, but subgroups of 48 nuns and 52 laywomen of comparable educational level maintained the same difference in the blood pressure trend over time as in the main cohort. Parity affected the increase of systolic, but not of diastolic, blood pressure with age among the laywomen, but nuns and no-childbirth controls maintained a significantly different blood pressure trend over time.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  10. A model of order-selectivity based on dynamic changes in the balance of excitation and inhibition produced by short-term synaptic plasticity

    PubMed Central

    Goudar, Vishwa

    2014-01-01

    Determining the order of sensory events separated by a few hundred milliseconds is critical to many forms of sensory processing, including vocalization and speech discrimination. Although many experimental studies have recorded from auditory order-sensitive and order-selective neurons, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that universal properties of cortical synapses—short-term synaptic plasticity of excitatory and inhibitory synapses—are well suited for the generation of order-selective neural responses. Using computational models of canonical disynaptic circuits, we show that the dynamic changes in the balance of excitation and inhibition imposed by short-term plasticity lead to the generation of order-selective responses. Parametric analyses predict that among the forms of short-term plasticity expressed at excitatory-to-excitatory, excitatory-to-inhibitory, and inhibitory-to-excitatory synapses, the single most important contributor to order-selectivity is the paired-pulse depression of inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs). A topographic model of the auditory cortex that incorporates short-term plasticity accounts for both context-dependent suppression and enhancement in response to paired tones. Together these results provide a framework to account for an important computational problem based on ubiquitous synaptic properties that did not yet have a clearly established computational function. Additionally, these studies suggest that disynaptic circuits represent a fundamental computational unit that is capable of processing both spatial and temporal information. PMID:25339707

  11. 75 FR 40837 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ....gov . Agreement No.: 011279-027. Title: Latin America Agreement. Parties: ABC Discussion Agreement; Caribbean Shipowners Association; Central America Discussion Agreement; Compania Libra de Navegacion Uruguay... America Discussion Agreement; and Zim Integrated Shipping Services, Ltd. Filing Party: Wayne R. Rohde,...

  12. 25 CFR 225.36 - Minerals agreement cancellation; Bureau of Indian Affairs notice of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements... Indian Affairs, the orders may be appealed under 25 CFR part 2. If the orders are issued by the...

  13. 25 CFR 225.36 - Minerals agreement cancellation; Bureau of Indian Affairs notice of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements... Indian Affairs, the orders may be appealed under 25 CFR part 2. If the orders are issued by the...

  14. 25 CFR 225.36 - Minerals agreement cancellation; Bureau of Indian Affairs notice of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements... Indian Affairs, the orders may be appealed under 25 CFR part 2. If the orders are issued by the...

  15. 25 CFR 225.36 - Minerals agreement cancellation; Bureau of Indian Affairs notice of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements... Indian Affairs, the orders may be appealed under 25 CFR part 2. If the orders are issued by the...

  16. 25 CFR 225.36 - Minerals agreement cancellation; Bureau of Indian Affairs notice of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID MINERALS AGREEMENTS Minerals Agreements... Indian Affairs, the orders may be appealed under 25 CFR part 2. If the orders are issued by the...

  17. Byzantine agreement method without authentication

    SciTech Connect

    Reischuk, R.K.

    1983-12-01

    This invention relates to a method for achieving Byzantine agreement without authentication among n 100 communicating processors using event counting and thresholding rather than message exchanges and evaluations.

  18. 40 CFR 46.190 - Fellowship agreement amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fellowship agreement amendments. 46.190... ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.190 Fellowship agreement amendments. (a) If you need to... amount of the fellowship; (2) A change in the academic institution you attend; or (3) A change in...

  19. 40 CFR 46.190 - Fellowship agreement amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fellowship agreement amendments. 46.190... ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.190 Fellowship agreement amendments. (a) If you need to... amount of the fellowship; (2) A change in the academic institution you attend; or (3) A change in...

  20. 40 CFR 46.190 - Fellowship agreement amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fellowship agreement amendments. 46.190... ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.190 Fellowship agreement amendments. (a) If you need to... amount of the fellowship; (2) A change in the academic institution you attend; or (3) A change in...

  1. 40 CFR 46.190 - Fellowship agreement amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fellowship agreement amendments. 46.190... ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.190 Fellowship agreement amendments. (a) If you need to... amount of the fellowship; (2) A change in the academic institution you attend; or (3) A change in...

  2. 40 CFR 46.190 - Fellowship agreement amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fellowship agreement amendments. 46.190... ASSISTANCE FELLOWSHIPS During the Fellowship § 46.190 Fellowship agreement amendments. (a) If you need to... amount of the fellowship; (2) A change in the academic institution you attend; or (3) A change in...

  3. An Efficient Byzantine Fault Tolerant Agreement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saini, Poonam; Singh, Awadhesh Kumar

    2010-11-01

    Most of the distributed transaction protocols rely on atomic commitment. Dealing with arbitrary failures effectively is a major operational challenge to be faced with. In the contemporary literature, protocols such as BFTDC [3] and PBFT [5] run an effective agreement protocol. The drawback with these protocols is that they incur increased message overhead as well as latency into the protocol execution. The paper presents an efficient byzantine fault tolerant distributed commit protocol. The proposed agreement protocol helps in achieving faster execution results using an effective view change mechanism. The protocol is computationally more efficient. It has lower message complexity and reduces the time overhead incurred in transaction processing.

  4. Experience and grammatical agreement: Statistical learning shapes number agreement production

    PubMed Central

    Haskell, Todd R.; Thornton, Robert; MacDonald, Maryellen C.

    2009-01-01

    A robust result in research on the production of grammatical agreement is that speakers are more likely to produce an erroneous verb with phrases such as the key to the cabinets, with a singular noun followed by a plural one, than with phrases such as the keys to the cabinet, where a plural noun is followed by a singular. These asymmetries are thought to reflect core language production processes. Previous accounts have attributed error patterns to a syntactic number feature present on plurals but not singulars. An alternative approach is presented in which a process similar to structural priming contributes to the error asymmetry via speakers' past experiences with related agreement constructions. A corpus analysis and two agreement production studies test this account. The results suggest that agreement production is shaped by statistical learning from past language experience. Implications for accounts of agreement are discussed. PMID:19942213

  5. Coupled changes between lipid order and polypeptide conformation at the membrane surface. A sup 2 H NMR and Raman study of polylysine-phosphatidic acid systems

    SciTech Connect

    Laroche, G.; Pezolet, M. ); Dufourc, E.J.; Dufourcq, J. )

    1990-07-10

    Thermotropism and segmental chain order parameters of sn-2-perdeuteriated dimyristoylphosphatidic acid (DMPA)-water dispersions, with and without poly(L-lysine) (PLL) of different molecular weights, have been investigated by solid-state deuterium NMR spectroscopy. The segmental chain order parameter profile of this negatively charged lipid is similar to that already found for other lipids. Addition of long PLL increases the temperature, {Tc}, of the lipid gel-to-fluid phase transition, whereas short PLL has practically no effect on {Tc}. In the fluid phase both varieties of PLL increase the plateau character of segmental order parameters up to carbon position 10. At the same reduced temperature, long PLL more significantly increases the segmental ordering, especially at the methyl terminal position. This leads to the conclusion that polar head-group capping and charge neutralization by PLL induce severe changes in lipid chain ordering, even down to the bilayer core. The structure of PLL bound to the lipid bilayer surface was monitored by Raman spectroscopy, following the amide I bands. Results show that the lipid gel-to-fluid phase transition triggers a conformational transition from ordered {beta}-sheet to random structure of short PLL, while it does not affect the strongly stabilized {beta}-sheet structure of long PLL. It is concluded that both short and long PLL can efficiently cap and neutralize lipid head groups, whatever their structure, and that peptide length is a key parameter in whether lipids or peptides are the driving force in conformationally coupled changes of both partners in the membrane.

  6. Validation of the DNDC model in order to simulate future greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon changes from the Prairie-Pothole region of North Dakota following prairie conversion to agriculture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suddick, E.; Phillips, R. L.; Waldron, S. E.; Davidson, E. A.

    2012-12-01

    The Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) in North America is home to a diverse range of habitats that support large populations of water fowl and other bird species. Some of the habitats such as the native prairie grasslands of the PPR are under threat due to conversion to cropland. Despite the importance of the PPR, little research has been conducted in this region to understand the impact land-use changes will have on greenhouse gas emissions and soil organic carbon storage (SOC). Therefore, process based biogeochemical models such as the Denitrification Decomposition (DNDC) model can be used to simulate the potential effects that future land-use change will have upon the cycling of carbon and nitrogen in both agricultural and non-agricultural ecosystems. The objective of this study was to validate the DNDC model for two different ecosystems within the PPR region. We aimed to test the ability of the model to predict the flux of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) and SOC changes in both an agricultural cropping system and a natural prairie in order to understand future land use change scenarios and forecast the change in N2O and SOC following prairie conversion to agriculture. Using a baseline climate scenario from observed daily measurements at each site, the DNDC model was tested against observed static chamber field measurements of N2O measured from April 2009 to December 2011, as well as being tested against other ancillary soil measurements (e.g., soil moisture and temperature) from an alfalfa cropping system and a native prairie grassland in the PPR of North Dakota, USA. Soils from the native prairie were classified as a non hydric clay loam with a SOC content of 0.033 kg C kg-1, where the alfalfa cropping system was a non hydric silt loam with a SOC content of 0.019 kg C kg-1. Initial results indicate that simulated N2O emissions at both sites and the change in SOC with conversion of prairie to cropland were generally in agreement with observed field

  7. A Modified Formula of the First-order Approximation for Assessing the Contribution of Climate Change to Runoff Based on the Budyko Hypothesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, W.; Ning, T.; Han, X.

    2015-12-01

    The climate elasticity based on the Budyko curves has been widely used to evaluate the hydrological responses to climate change. The Mezentsev-Choudhury-Yang formula is one of the representative analytical equations for Budyko curves. Previous researches mostly used the variation of runoff (R) caused by the changes of annual precipitation (P) and potential evapotranspiration (ET0) as the hydrological response to climate change and evaluated it by a first-order approximation in a form of total differential, the major components of which include the partial derivatives of R to P and ET0, as well as climate elasticity on this basis. Based on analytic derivation and the characteristics of Budyko curves, this study proposed a modified formula of the first-order approximation to reduce the errors from the approximation. In the calculation of partial derivatives and climate elasticity, the values of P and ET0 were taken to the sum of their base values and half increments, respectively. The calculation was applied in 33 catchments of the Hai River basin in China and the results showed that the mean absolute value of relative error of approximated runoff change decreased from 8.4% to 0.4% and the maximum value, from 23.4% to 1.3%. Given the variation values of P, ET0 and the controlling parameter (n), the modified formula can exactly quantify the contributions of climate fluctuation and underlying surface change to runoff. Taking the Murray-Darling basin in Australia as an example of the contribution calculated by the modified formula, the reductions of mean annual runoff caused by changes of P, ET0 and n from 1895-1996 to 1997-2006 were 2.6, 0.6 and 2.9 mm, respectively, and the sum of them was 6.1 mm, which was completely consistent with the observed runoff. The modified formula of the first-order approximation proposed in this study can be not only used to assess the contributions of climate change to the runoff, but also widely used to analyze the effects of similar

  8. Clock Agreement Among Parallel Supercomputer Nodes

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jones, Terry R.; Koenig, Gregory A.

    2014-04-30

    This dataset presents measurements that quantify the clock synchronization time-agreement characteristics among several high performance computers including the current world's most powerful machine for open science, the U.S. Department of Energy's Titan machine sited at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. These ultra-fast machines derive much of their computational capability from extreme node counts (over 18000 nodes in the case of the Titan machine). Time-agreement is commonly utilized by parallel programming applications and tools, distributed programming application and tools, and system software. Our time-agreement measurements detail the degree of time variance between nodes and how that variance changes over time. The dataset includes empirical measurements and the accompanying spreadsheets.

  9. Next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the single top quark production via model-independent tqg flavor-changing neutral-current couplings at hadron colliders

    SciTech Connect

    Gao Jun; Li Chongsheng; Zhang Jiajun; Zhu Huaxing

    2009-12-01

    We present the calculations of the complete next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD effects on the single top productions induced by model-independent tqg flavor-changing neutral-current couplings at hadron colliders. Our results show that, for the tcg coupling, the NLO QCD corrections can enhance the total cross sections by about 60% and 30%, and for the tug coupling by about 50% and 20% at the Tevatron and LHC, respectively, which means that the NLO corrections can increase the experimental sensitivity to the flavor-changing neutral-current couplings by about 10%-30%. Moreover, the NLO corrections reduce the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization or factorization scale significantly, which lead to increased confidence on the theoretical predictions. Besides, we also evaluate the NLO corrections to several important kinematic distributions, and find that for most of them the NLO corrections are almost the same and do not change the shape of the distributions.

  10. Skills agreement. Recipe for success.

    PubMed

    Nolan, Alexis

    2007-06-21

    The aims of the national health Sector Skills Agreement need regional and local implementation by stakeholders to become reality. Work in the East of England will produce a first regional skills agreement later this year. The Harlow Project is producing award winning process on recuitment and retention. PMID:17847967

  11. Pressure tunes electrical resistivity by four orders of magnitude in amorphous Ge[subscript 2]Sb[subscript 2]Te[subscript 5] phase-change memory alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, M.; Cheng, Y.Q.; Wang, L.; Sheng, H.W.; Meng, Y.; Yang, W.G.; Hang, X.D.; Ma, E.

    2012-05-22

    Ge-Sb-Te-based phase-change memory is one of the most promising candidates to succeed the current flash memories. The application of phase-change materials for data storage and memory devices takes advantage of the fast phase transition (on the order of nanoseconds) and the large property contrasts (e.g., several orders of magnitude difference in electrical resistivity) between the amorphous and the crystalline states. Despite the importance of Ge-Sb-Te alloys and the intense research they have received, the possible phases in the temperature-pressure diagram, as well as the corresponding structure-property correlations, remain to be systematically explored. In this study, by subjecting the amorphous Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} (a-GST) to hydrostatic-like pressure (P), the thermodynamic variable alternative to temperature, we are able to tune its electrical resistivity by several orders of magnitude, similar to the resistivity contrast corresponding to the usually investigated amorphous-to-crystalline (a-GST to rock-salt GST) transition used in current phase-change memories. In particular, the electrical resistivity drops precipitously in the P = 0 to 8 GPa regime. A prominent structural signature representing the underlying evolution in atomic arrangements and bonding in this pressure regime, as revealed by the ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, is the reduction of low-electron-density regions, which contributes to the narrowing of band gap and delocalization of trapped electrons. At P > 8 GPa, we have observed major changes of the average local structures (bond angle and coordination numbers), gradually transforming the a-GST into a high-density, metallic-like state. This high-pressure glass is characterized by local motifs that bear similarities to the body-centered-cubic GST (bcc-GST) it eventually crystallizes into at 28 GPa, and hence represents a bcc-type polyamorph of a-GST.

  12. Technical decision making with higher order structure data: utilization of differential scanning calorimetry to elucidate critical protein structural changes resulting from oxidation.

    PubMed

    Arthur, Kelly K; Dinh, Nikita; Gabrielson, John P

    2015-04-01

    Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a useful tool for monitoring thermal stability of the molecular conformation of proteins. Here, we present an example of the sensitivity of DSC to changes in stability arising from a common chemical degradation pathway, oxidation. This Note is part of a series of industry case studies demonstrating the application of higher order structure data for technical decision making. For this study, six protein products from three structural classes were evaluated at multiple levels of oxidation. For each protein, the melting temperature (Tm ) decreased linearly as a function of oxidation; however, differences in the rate of change in Tm , as well as differences in domain Tm stability were observed across and within structural classes. For one protein, analysis of the impact of oxidation on protein function was also performed. For this protein, DSC was shown to be a leading indicator of decreased antigen binding suggesting a subtle conformation change may be underway that can be detected using DSC prior to any observable impact on product potency. Detectable changes in oxidized methionine by mass spectrometry (MS) occurred at oxidation levels below those with a detectable conformational or functional impact. Therefore, by using MS, DSC, and relative potency methods in concert, the intricate relationship between a primary structural modification, changes in conformational stability, and functional impact can be elucidated.

  13. Absence of Significant Structural Changes Near the Magnetic Ordering Temperature in Small-ion Rare Earth Perovskite RMnO3

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, T.; Ty, T.; Chen, H.; Abeykoon, A. M. M.; Chen, Y. -S.; Ahn, K. H.

    2014-11-14

    The detailed structural measurements on multiple length scales were conducted on a new perovskite phase of ScMnO3, and on orthorhombic LuMnO3 as a benchmark. Complementary density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out, and predict that ScMnO3 possesses E-phase magnetic order at low temperature with displacements of the Mn sites (relative to the high temperature state) of ~0.07 Å, compared to ~0.04 Å predicted for LuMnO3. However, detailed local, intermediate and long-range structural measurements by x-ray pair distribution function analysis, single crystal x-ray diffraction and x-ray absorption spectroscopy, find no local or long-range distortions on crossing into the low temperature E-phase of the magnetically ordered state. Our measurements place upper limits on any structural changes to be at most one order of magnitude lower than DFT predictions and suggest that this theoretical approach does not properly account for the spin–lattice coupling in these oxides and may possibly predict the incorrect magnetic order at low temperatures. The results suggest that the electronic contribution to the electrical polarization dominates and should be more accurately treated in theoretical models.

  14. Federal Facility Agreement progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas.

  15. Referential Markers and Agreement Markers in Functional Discourse Grammar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hengeveld, Kees

    2012-01-01

    It follows from the ordering principles that are applied in Functional Discourse Grammar that the positional possibilities of markers of agreement and those of cross-reference are different. Markers of cross reference are predicted to occur closer to the verb stem, while markers of agreement would occupy peripheral positions. This paper tests…

  16. Origin of the Order-Disorder Transition and the Associated Anomalous Change of Thermopower in AgBiS2 Nanocrystals: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study.

    PubMed

    Guin, Satya N; Banerjee, Swastika; Sanyal, Dirtha; Pati, Swapan K; Biswas, Kanishka

    2016-06-20

    Bulk AgBiS2 crystallizes in a trigonal crystal structure (space group, P3̅m1) at room temperature, which transforms to a cation disordered rock salt structure (space group, Fm3̅m) at ∼473 K. Surprisingly, at room temperature, a solution-grown nanocrystal of AgBiS2 crystallizes in a metastable Ag/Bi ordered cubic structure, which transforms to a thermodynamically stable disorded cubic structure at 610 K. Moreover, the order-disorder transition in nanocrystalline AgBiS2 is associated with an unusual change in thermopower. Here, we shed light on the origin of a order-disorder phase transition and the associated anomalous change of thermopower in AgBiS2 nanocrystals by using a combined experimental, density functional theory based first-principles calculation and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Positron-annilation spectroscopy indicates the presence of higher numbers of Ag vacancies in the nanocrystal compared to that of the bulk cubic counterpart at room temperature. Furthermore, temperature-dependent two-detector coincidence Doppler broadening spectroscopy and Doppler broadening of the annihilation radiation (S parameter) indicate that the Ag vacancy concentration increases abruptly during the order-disorder transition in nanocrystalline AgBiS2. At high temperature, a Ag atom shuttles between the vacancy and interstitial sites to form a locally disordered cation sublattice in the nanocrystal, which is facilitated by the formation of more Ag vacancies during the phase transition. This process increases the entropy of the system at higher vacancy concentration, which, in turn, results in the unusual rise in thermopower. PMID:27276279

  17. Origin of the Order-Disorder Transition and the Associated Anomalous Change of Thermopower in AgBiS2 Nanocrystals: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study.

    PubMed

    Guin, Satya N; Banerjee, Swastika; Sanyal, Dirtha; Pati, Swapan K; Biswas, Kanishka

    2016-06-20

    Bulk AgBiS2 crystallizes in a trigonal crystal structure (space group, P3̅m1) at room temperature, which transforms to a cation disordered rock salt structure (space group, Fm3̅m) at ∼473 K. Surprisingly, at room temperature, a solution-grown nanocrystal of AgBiS2 crystallizes in a metastable Ag/Bi ordered cubic structure, which transforms to a thermodynamically stable disorded cubic structure at 610 K. Moreover, the order-disorder transition in nanocrystalline AgBiS2 is associated with an unusual change in thermopower. Here, we shed light on the origin of a order-disorder phase transition and the associated anomalous change of thermopower in AgBiS2 nanocrystals by using a combined experimental, density functional theory based first-principles calculation and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Positron-annilation spectroscopy indicates the presence of higher numbers of Ag vacancies in the nanocrystal compared to that of the bulk cubic counterpart at room temperature. Furthermore, temperature-dependent two-detector coincidence Doppler broadening spectroscopy and Doppler broadening of the annihilation radiation (S parameter) indicate that the Ag vacancy concentration increases abruptly during the order-disorder transition in nanocrystalline AgBiS2. At high temperature, a Ag atom shuttles between the vacancy and interstitial sites to form a locally disordered cation sublattice in the nanocrystal, which is facilitated by the formation of more Ag vacancies during the phase transition. This process increases the entropy of the system at higher vacancy concentration, which, in turn, results in the unusual rise in thermopower.

  18. Adaptation a une environnement en mutation: accords et dissensions dans le secteur de l'enseignement postsecondaire quebecois (Adaptation to a Changing Environment: Agreement and Dissention in the Quebec Postsecondary Education Sector).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crespo, Manuel; Hache, Jean B.

    1990-01-01

    A study compared choices made by administrators in French- and English-language institutions under growing fiscal constraints. Areas of agreement are considerable, but university administrators are adhering less closely to government priorities than other institutions, and some differences in institutional choices appear to be related to the…

  19. Good Agreements Make Good Friends

    PubMed Central

    Han, The Anh; Pereira, Luís Moniz; Santos, Francisco C.; Lenaerts, Tom

    2013-01-01

    When starting a new collaborative endeavor, it pays to establish upfront how strongly your partner commits to the common goal and what compensation can be expected in case the collaboration is violated. Diverse examples in biological and social contexts have demonstrated the pervasiveness of making prior agreements on posterior compensations, suggesting that this behavior could have been shaped by natural selection. Here, we analyze the evolutionary relevance of such a commitment strategy and relate it to the costly punishment strategy, where no prior agreements are made. We show that when the cost of arranging a commitment deal lies within certain limits, substantial levels of cooperation can be achieved. Moreover, these levels are higher than that achieved by simple costly punishment, especially when one insists on sharing the arrangement cost. Not only do we show that good agreements make good friends, agreements based on shared costs result in even better outcomes. PMID:24045873

  20. Quick Guide: Power Purchase Agreements

    SciTech Connect

    2010-06-25

    Introduction to Federal power purchase agreements (PPAs), including available FEMP services and technical assistance as well as questions to ask when evaluating PPAs for a Federal renewable energy project.

  1. Empirical agreement in model validation.

    PubMed

    Jebeile, Julie; Barberousse, Anouk

    2016-04-01

    Empirical agreement is often used as an important criterion when assessing the validity of scientific models. However, it is by no means a sufficient criterion as a model can be so adjusted as to fit available data even though it is based on hypotheses whose plausibility is known to be questionable. Our aim in this paper is to investigate into the uses of empirical agreement within the process of model validation.

  2. 7 CFR 247.4 - Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.4 Agreements. (a) What agreements are..., sex, or disability. (d) What is the duration of required agreements? Agreements between FNS and...

  3. 7 CFR 247.4 - Agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.4 Agreements. (a) What agreements are..., sex, or disability. (d) What is the duration of required agreements? Agreements between FNS and...

  4. A second-order changing-connectivity ALE scheme and its application to FSI with large convection of fluids and near contact of structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jie

    2016-01-01

    We propose a second-order characteristic-inclined changing-connectivity arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) scheme. It does not explicitly calculate the characteristics but allows characteristic-inclined discretization. Large mesh distortions are prevented by mesh smoothing and edge/face swapping techniques. The resulting semi-implicit scheme can therefore handle problems with large deformation of the domain and strong convection of the fluid. The fact that we only need to solve a linear system of equations for a near symmetric matrix in each time step makes the scheme very appealing. We use the standard Pm /Pm-1 (m ≥ 2) or P1-bubble /P1 (m = 1) finite elements and prove that the scheme converges at rate O (Δt2 + hm+2/Δt +hm+1) in the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations (NSE) case. This gives optimal convergence rate when h / Δt = O (1). To prove this result, we introduce a new interpolation operator which is easy to implement and enables us to keep the optimal convergence rate even if we change the connectivity of the mesh in every time step. Numerical tests also confirm our theoretical results. We then apply our ALE scheme to solve fluid structure interaction (FSI) problems which may contain large convection of fluids and near contact of structures. We prove the stability of the fully discrete semi-implicit second order FSI scheme. We then numerically confirm the order of convergence using a recently proposed 2D manufactured solution for FSI. In this example, part of the fluid domain can become arbitrarily narrow before going back to normal. Numerical tests for flow around rotating rigid and elastic crosses and flow induced opening and near-closing of a heart valve are performed.

  5. 26 CFR 301.6363-2 - Withdrawal from State agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... agreement. (3) Identification of State official. A written identification of the State official or officials... withdrawal from the agreement. The Secretary shall notify the Governor in writing when a change is to be so... delegate in his discretion determines that the date of cessation provided in the preceding sentence...

  6. FETC/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    SciTech Connect

    D. TILLMAN; E. HUGHES

    1998-08-01

    This quarter much progress was made in promoting cofiring through the many FETC/EPRI backed projects. During January 1, 1998 to March 31st, 1998 significant contractual agreements were arranged for future testing and analyses of previous testing were conducted. Most notable was the analysis done on the testing run at the Tennessee Valley Authority�s Colbert Fossil Plant that showed no significant impacts to the plant boiler due to cofiring. Northern Indiana Public Service Company also identified Bailly #7 as the site of the next series of tests using their plants. Other work done on these projects primarily focused on continued cofiring development. This report summarizes the activities during the first quarter in 1998 of the FETC/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of testing in order to highlight the progress at utilities.

  7. Effects of parallel planning on agreement production.

    PubMed

    Veenstra, Alma; Meyer, Antje S; Acheson, Daniel J

    2015-11-01

    An important issue in current psycholinguistics is how the time course of utterance planning affects the generation of grammatical structures. The current study investigated the influence of parallel activation of the components of complex noun phrases on the generation of subject-verb agreement. Specifically, the lexical interference account (Gillespie & Pearlmutter, 2011b; Solomon & Pearlmutter, 2004) predicts more agreement errors (i.e., attraction) for subject phrases in which the head and local noun mismatch in number (e.g., the apple next to the pears) when nouns are planned in parallel than when they are planned in sequence. We used a speeded picture description task that yielded sentences such as the apple next to the pears is red. The objects mentioned in the noun phrase were either semantically related or unrelated. To induce agreement errors, pictures sometimes mismatched in number. In order to manipulate the likelihood of parallel processing of the objects and to test the hypothesized relationship between parallel processing and the rate of agreement errors, the pictures were either placed close together or far apart. Analyses of the participants' eye movements and speech onset latencies indicated slower processing of the first object and stronger interference from the related (compared to the unrelated) second object in the close than in the far condition. Analyses of the agreement errors yielded an attraction effect, with more errors in mismatching than in matching conditions. However, the magnitude of the attraction effect did not differ across the close and far conditions. Thus, spatial proximity encouraged parallel processing of the pictures, which led to interference of the associated conceptual and/or lexical representation, but, contrary to the prediction, it did not lead to more attraction errors. PMID:26454618

  8. Defining the framework for environmentally compliant cleanup: The Hanford site tri-party agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Austin, B.A.; Wisness, S.H.

    1994-12-31

    The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, commonly called the Tri-Party Agreement, was signed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the State of Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in May of 1989. It was the first three-party agreement of its magnitude in the country and was touted as a landmark agreement. It was one of the most significant actions that has been taken to define the framework for environmentally compliant cleanup actions at the Hanford Site. Accomplishments thus far represent a lot of planning, permitting, and development activities either required by regulation or necessary to ensure an adequate infrastructure to support cleanup activities. Actual cleanup work and construction of new facilities are beginning to accelerate as the Hanford Site moves out of study and development phases into actual cleanup activities. Significant changes to the Hanford Tri-Party Agreement were negotiated between May 1993 and January 1994. These negotiations were precipitated by the completion of a 15-month rebaselining study of the Hanford Site`s Tank Waste Remediation System. The revised agreement is based on comments and values the three agencies heard from people of the region during the negotiation process. The recent renegotiation reflected an ability of the agencies and the agreement to change commensurate with technical, economic, and political realities of today. Hanford has moved into a new era of public participation which will continue to watch and guide cleanup efforts in manners satisfactory to regional concerns and values.

  9. Experience and Grammatical Agreement: Statistical Learning Shapes Number Agreement Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskell, Todd R.; Thornton, Robert; MacDonald, Maryellen C.

    2010-01-01

    A robust result in research on the production of grammatical agreement is that speakers are more likely to produce an erroneous verb with phrases such as "the key to the cabinets", with a singular noun followed by a plural one, than with phrases such as "the keys to the cabinet", where a plural noun is followed by a singular. These asymmetries are…

  10. Authenticated algorithms for Byzantine agreement

    SciTech Connect

    Dolev, D.; Strong, H.R.

    1983-11-01

    Reaching agreement in a distributed system in the presence of fault processors is a central issue for reliable computer systems. Using an authentication protocol, one can limit the undetected behavior of faulty processors to a simple failure to relay messages to all intended targets. In this paper the authors show that, in spite of such an ability to limit faulty behavior, and no matter what message types or protocols are allowed, reaching (Byzantine) agreement requires at least t+1 phases or rounds of information exchange, where t is an upper bound on the number of faulty processors. They present algorithms for reaching agreement based on authentication that require a total number of messages sent by correctly operating processors that is polynomial in both t and the number of processors, n. The best algorithm uses only t+1 phases and o(nt) messages. 9 references.

  11. 76 FR 31985 - Irving Oil Limited and Irving Oil Terminals Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... Irving Oil Limited and Irving Oil Terminals Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Order... approval, an Agreement Containing Consent Order (``Consent Agreement'') from Irving Oil Terminals Inc. and... petroleum products terminals located in South Portland and Bangor, Maine, as well as ExxonMobil's...

  12. 2H nuclear magnetic resonance order parameter profiles suggest a change of molecular shape for phosphatidylcholines containing a polyunsaturated acyl chain.

    PubMed Central

    Holte, L. L.; Peter, S. A.; Sinnwell, T. M.; Gawrisch, K.

    1995-01-01

    Solid-state 2H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to determine the orientational order parameter profiles for a series of phosphatidylcholines with perdeuterated stearic acid, 18:0d35, in position sn-1 and 18:1 omega 9, 18:2 omega 6, 18:3 omega 3, 20:4 omega 6, 20:5 omega 3, or 22:6 omega 3 in position sn-2. The main phase transition temperatures were derived from a first moment analysis, and order parameter profiles of sn-1 chains were calculated from dePaked nuclear magnetic resonance powder patterns. Comparison of the profiles at 37 degrees C showed that unsaturation causes an inhomogenous disordering along the sn-1 chain. Increasing sn-2 chain unsaturation from one to six double bonds resulted in a 1.6-kHz decrease in quadrupolar splittings of the sn-1 chain in the upper half of the chain (or plateau region) and maximum splitting difference of 4.4 kHz at methylene carbon 14. The change in chain order corresponds to a decrease in the 18:0 chain length of 0.4 +/- 0.2 A with 18:2 omega 6 versus 18:1 omega 9 in position sn-2. Fatty acids containing three or more double bonds in sn-2 showed a decrease in sn-1 chain length of 0.7 +/- 0.2 A compared with 18:1 omega 9. The chain length of all lipids decreased with increasing temperature. Highly unsaturated phosphatidylcholines (three or more double bonds in sn-2) had shorter sn-1 chains, but the chain length was somewhat less sensitive to temperature. The profiles reveal that the sn-1 chain exhibits a selective increase in motional freedom in a region located toward the bottom half of the chain as sn-2 unsaturation is increased. This corresponds to an area increase around carbon atom number 14 that is three to four times greater than the increase for the top part of the chain. A similar asymmetric decrease in order, largest toward the methyl end of the chain, was observed when 1 -palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylethanolamine goes from a lamellar to an inverse hexagonal (H,,) phase. This is consistent with a

  13. Influence of the Cu Content in Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cell absorbers on order-disorder related band gap changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lang, Mario; Renz, Tobias; Mathes, Niklas; Neuwirth, Markus; Schnabel, Thomas; Kalt, Heinz; Hetterich, Michael

    2016-10-01

    We investigate the electronic structure and the radiative recombination in wet-chemically fabricated Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cell absorbers utilizing photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopy, focusing especially on the effects of varying Cu content. This includes the impact of the latter on the band gap energy and the change in band gap energy related to the order-disorder transition. Characteristic PL and PLE parameters like the energetic position of the PL maximum and the PL yield as a function of the excitation power as well as the PLE tailing parameter do not depend on composition indicating that the nature of the radiative transition is not altered by the Cu content. However, the band gap energy Eg significantly increases as a function of decreasing Cu content. This increase is more pronounced in the disordered than in the ordered atomic arrangement of Cu and Zn atoms in the Cu-Zn planes of the kesterite crystal structure.

  14. Articulation Agreements Ease the Way.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Susan

    2002-01-01

    Articulation agreements between secondary and postsecondary institutions often provide for granting college credit for course work completed at another institution. They have been described as programs designed to create pathways of learning that ease the transition of students from secondary to postsecondary levels. (JOW)

  15. Block Transfer Agreement Evaluation Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastedo, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this project is to evaluate for the British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) the effectiveness of block transfer agreements (BTAs) in the BC Transfer System and recommend steps to be taken to improve their effectiveness. Findings of this study revealed that institutions want to expand block credit transfer;…

  16. Novel morphology changes from 3D ordered macroporous structure to V2O5 nanofiber grassland and its application in electrochromism

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Zhongqiu; Lv, Haiming; Zhang, Xiang; Yang, Haowei; Tian, Yanlong; Li, Na; Zhao, Jiupeng; Li, Yao

    2015-01-01

    Because vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is the only oxide that shows both anodic and cathodic coloration electrochromism, the reversible lithium ion insertion/extraction processes in V2O5 lead to not only reversible optical parameter changes but also multicolor changes for esthetics. Because of the outstanding electrochemical properties of V2O5 nanofibers, they show great potential to enhance V2O5 electrochromism. However, the development and practical application of V2O5 nanofibers are still lacking, because traditional preparation approaches have several drawbacks, such as multiple processing steps, unsatisfactory electrical contact with the substrate, expensive equipment, and rigorous experimental conditions. Herein, we first report a novel and convenient strategy to prepare grass-like nanofiber-stacked V2O5 films by a simple annealing treatment of an amorphous, three-dimensionally ordered macroporous vanadia film. The V2O5 nanofiber grassland exhibits promising transmittance modulation, fast switching responses, and high color contrast because of the outstanding electrochemical properties of V2O5 nanofibers as well as the high Li-ion diffusion coefficients and good electrical contact with the substrate. Moreover, the morphology transformation mechanism is investigated in detail. PMID:26578383

  17. Novel morphology changes from 3D ordered macroporous structure to V2O5 nanofiber grassland and its application in electrochromism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Zhongqiu; Lv, Haiming; Zhang, Xiang; Yang, Haowei; Tian, Yanlong; Li, Na; Zhao, Jiupeng; Li, Yao

    2015-11-01

    Because vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is the only oxide that shows both anodic and cathodic coloration electrochromism, the reversible lithium ion insertion/extraction processes in V2O5 lead to not only reversible optical parameter changes but also multicolor changes for esthetics. Because of the outstanding electrochemical properties of V2O5 nanofibers, they show great potential to enhance V2O5 electrochromism. However, the development and practical application of V2O5 nanofibers are still lacking, because traditional preparation approaches have several drawbacks, such as multiple processing steps, unsatisfactory electrical contact with the substrate, expensive equipment, and rigorous experimental conditions. Herein, we first report a novel and convenient strategy to prepare grass-like nanofiber-stacked V2O5 films by a simple annealing treatment of an amorphous, three-dimensionally ordered macroporous vanadia film. The V2O5 nanofiber grassland exhibits promising transmittance modulation, fast switching responses, and high color contrast because of the outstanding electrochemical properties of V2O5 nanofibers as well as the high Li-ion diffusion coefficients and good electrical contact with the substrate. Moreover, the morphology transformation mechanism is investigated in detail.

  18. 48 CFR 16.702 - Basic agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basic agreements. 16.702... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 16.702 Basic agreements. (a) Description. A basic... attachment the required and applicable clauses agreed upon in the basic agreement. A basic agreement is not...

  19. 48 CFR 16.702 - Basic agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basic agreements. 16.702... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 16.702 Basic agreements. (a) Description. A basic... attachment the required and applicable clauses agreed upon in the basic agreement. A basic agreement is not...

  20. 48 CFR 16.702 - Basic agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Basic agreements. 16.702... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Agreements 16.702 Basic agreements. (a) Description. A basic... attachment the required and applicable clauses agreed upon in the basic agreement. A basic agreement is not...