Science.gov

Sample records for agrilife research contracts

  1. Research participation as a contract.

    PubMed

    Lawson, Craig

    1995-01-01

    In this article, I present a contractualist conception of human-participant research ethics, arguing that the most appropriate source of the rights and responsibilities of researcher and participant is the contractual understanding between them. This conception appears to explain many of the more fundamental ethical incidents of human-participant research. I argue that a system of contractual rights and responsibilities would allow a great deal of research that has often been felt to be ethically problematic, such as research involving deception, concealed research, and research on dependent populations. However, in defining the conditions under which such research should be permissible, my contractualist theory also makes it clear that there are limits -- and explains what those limits are -- to the propriety of such research.

  2. Entering the contract research industry in India.

    PubMed

    Joseph, Jamila

    2008-05-01

    India is getting to be known as a hot destination for executing clinical trials. It is witnessing the frenzied entry of pharma sponsor companies and contract research organizations and the movement of Indian non-healthcare groups into clinical research. In this mad melee, what are the determinants of success? How real is the promise of clinical research in India and what will make or break a new entrant in this business? This article attempts to describe these challenges and focuses on the resilient success criteria that the contract clinical research industry in India has tested every newcomer against.

  3. Entering the contract research industry in India.

    PubMed

    Joseph, Jamila

    2008-05-01

    India is getting to be known as a hot destination for executing clinical trials. It is witnessing the frenzied entry of pharma sponsor companies and contract research organizations and the movement of Indian non-healthcare groups into clinical research. In this mad melee, what are the determinants of success? How real is the promise of clinical research in India and what will make or break a new entrant in this business? This article attempts to describe these challenges and focuses on the resilient success criteria that the contract clinical research industry in India has tested every newcomer against. PMID:18053773

  4. Meeting a Growing Demand: Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service's Early Childhood Educator Online Training Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Demand for professional development training in the early childhood field has grown substantially in recent years. To meet the demand, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service's Family Development and Resource Management unit developed the Early Childhood Educator Online Training Program, a professional development system that currently…

  5. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development contracting. 970.35 Section 970.35 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research...

  6. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Research and development contracting. 970.35 Section 970.35 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research...

  7. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Research and development contracting. 970.35 Section 970.35 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research...

  8. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Research and development contracting. 970.35 Section 970.35 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research...

  9. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Research and development contracting. 970.35 Section 970.35 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research...

  10. 48 CFR 46.308 - Cost-reimbursement research and development contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... research and development contracts. 46.308 Section 46.308 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... research and development contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-8, Inspection of Research and Development—Cost-Reimbursement, in solicitations and contracts for research...

  11. 48 CFR 46.308 - Cost-reimbursement research and development contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... research and development contracts. 46.308 Section 46.308 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... research and development contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-8, Inspection of Research and Development—Cost-Reimbursement, in solicitations and contracts for research...

  12. 48 CFR 235.070-1 - Indemnification under research and development contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... research and development contracts. 235.070-1 Section 235.070-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 235.070-1 Indemnification under research and development contracts....

  13. 48 CFR 335.071 - Special determinations and findings affecting research and development contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... findings affecting research and development contracting. 335.071 Section 335.071 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 335.071 Special determinations and findings affecting research and development contracting....

  14. 48 CFR 46.309 - Research and development contracts (short form).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.309 Research and development contracts... Development (Short Form), in solicitations and contracts for research and development when the...

  15. Contractions

    MedlinePlus

    ... feel tightening of your uterus muscles at irregular intervals or a squeezing sensation in your lower abdomen ... beginning of childbirth. These contractions come at regular intervals, usually move from the back to the lower ...

  16. 48 CFR 52.232-2 - Payments Under Fixed-Price Research and Development Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Research and Development Contracts. 52.232-2 Section 52.232-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.232-2 Payments Under Fixed-Price Research and Development Contracts... research and development contract is contemplated: Payments Under Fixed-Price Research and...

  17. 48 CFR 46.307 - Fixed-price research and development contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fixed-price research and... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.307 Fixed-price research and development... Development—Fixed-Price, in solicitations and contracts for research and development when (1) the...

  18. 48 CFR 46.307 - Fixed-price research and development contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.307 Fixed-price research and development... Development—Fixed-Price, in solicitations and contracts for research and development when (1) the primary... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price research...

  19. Collaborative Research: The Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study as an Example of Collaborative Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormsley, Diane P.; Emerson, Robert Wall; Erin, Jane

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the Alphabetic Braille Contracted Braille Study in relation to the dimensions of collaborative research: extent, intensity, substance, heterogeneity, velocity, formality, and productivity. It also discusses the dimensions of financing research and researchers' attitudes. The overall consensus is that the study would not have…

  20. 48 CFR 35.015 - Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING 35.015 Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations. (a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations. 35.015 Section 35.015 Federal...

  1. 48 CFR 35.015 - Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING 35.015 Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations. (a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contracts for research with educational institutions and nonprofit organizations. 35.015 Section 35.015 Federal...

  2. Emerging trends in contract research industry in India.

    PubMed

    Drabu, Sushma; Gupta, Alka; Bhadauria, Anupama

    2010-09-01

    A Contract Research Organization (CRO) is a service organization that provides support to the pharmaceutical industry and offers a wide range of "outsourced" pharmaceutical research services to aid in R&D process and is thus an essential tool for undertaking clinical trials in the present scenario when high stakes are involved in the drug discovery process. This industry also offers a safe option of investment as the industry is largely recession-proof, with a significant upscale growth. Presently India occupies a very small pie of the global market share in the Clinical Trials Industry but it is estimated to conduct nearly 5% of global clinical trials by 2012. The global CRO industry valued $18 bn in 2008 and the market is expected to grow at an annual rate of 14% between 2009 and 13. Top multinational pharmaceuticals companies are venturing into the Indian business, in collaboration with the Indian Drug Companies. According to a recent study by Mckinsey & Company, the Indian Clinical Research Industry can attract $1.5 bn of revenue from US and EU by 2010. Such an increase in outsourcing from the western countries has led the global pharma companies and Indian entrepreneurs to set up Contract Research Organizations (CROs) in India. To bring this into realization and fulfil the market demand, while simultaneously aiding in improving the country's economical standards and market position, joint and well-coordinated efforts on part of the government, industry, and working professionals are needed in terms of regulatory affairs, audits, transparency in work affairs, garnering patient confidence, and pharmacovigilance. PMID:20609394

  3. Emerging trends in contract research industry in India.

    PubMed

    Drabu, Sushma; Gupta, Alka; Bhadauria, Anupama

    2010-09-01

    A Contract Research Organization (CRO) is a service organization that provides support to the pharmaceutical industry and offers a wide range of "outsourced" pharmaceutical research services to aid in R&D process and is thus an essential tool for undertaking clinical trials in the present scenario when high stakes are involved in the drug discovery process. This industry also offers a safe option of investment as the industry is largely recession-proof, with a significant upscale growth. Presently India occupies a very small pie of the global market share in the Clinical Trials Industry but it is estimated to conduct nearly 5% of global clinical trials by 2012. The global CRO industry valued $18 bn in 2008 and the market is expected to grow at an annual rate of 14% between 2009 and 13. Top multinational pharmaceuticals companies are venturing into the Indian business, in collaboration with the Indian Drug Companies. According to a recent study by Mckinsey & Company, the Indian Clinical Research Industry can attract $1.5 bn of revenue from US and EU by 2010. Such an increase in outsourcing from the western countries has led the global pharma companies and Indian entrepreneurs to set up Contract Research Organizations (CROs) in India. To bring this into realization and fulfil the market demand, while simultaneously aiding in improving the country's economical standards and market position, joint and well-coordinated efforts on part of the government, industry, and working professionals are needed in terms of regulatory affairs, audits, transparency in work affairs, garnering patient confidence, and pharmacovigilance.

  4. 48 CFR 235.070-2 - Indemnification under contracts involving both research and development and other work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts involving both research and development and other work. 235.070-2 Section 235.070-2 Federal... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 235.070-2 Indemnification under contracts involving both research and development and other work. These contracts may provide for...

  5. Principles of Social Justice in Educational Research: The Case of Contract Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Morwenna

    1998-01-01

    Delineates small-scale contract-research principles predicated on an understanding of social justice and of research purposes, epistemological issues, and possibilities for ethical and political action. Principles embrace improvement, knowledge and learning, changed belief systems, collaboration and consultation, openness to other communities,…

  6. Contract Learning. ERIC Higher Education Research Currents, December, 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayville, William

    This paper focuses on the nature of contract learning at institutions set up partially or solely on that basis considering (1) contract learning that takes place as the complete educational experience, and (2) contract learning that takes place as one component of a traditional college or university program. Emphasis is placed on the general…

  7. [Clinical researchers and the pharmaceutic industry. The research contract is not an addendum].

    PubMed

    Cohen, A F

    1999-06-26

    The relation between a pharmaceutical company and a clinical investigator combines a certain form of entrepreneurship with scientific endeavour. Both parties are concerned with the content of the clinical study as well as with its business aspects. A good contract is essential for the project to succeed. In three cases based on actual experience the contract failed. In the first case, dosage miscalculation in the hospital pharmacy led to side effects in patients as a consequence of which the study was stopped. The pharmaceutical company sued the investigator. In the second case the investigator published data in a congress abstract, which prevented a patent by the company. In the third case scientific information was published by the company with the principal investigator featuring in the acknowledgement section of the article only. Investigators should have their own standard contract ready, and they should invest time and energy in understanding the contracts of the research they are carrying out. PMID:10416489

  8. Research led by participants: a new social contract for a new kind of research

    PubMed Central

    Vayena, Effy; Brownsword, Roger; Edwards, Sarah Jane; Greshake, Bastian; Kahn, Jeffrey P; Ladher, Navjoyt; O'Connor, Daniel; O'Neill, Onora; Richards, Martin P; Rid, Annette; Sheehan, Mark; Wicks, Paul; Tasioulas, John

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there have been prominent calls for a new social contract that accords a more central role to citizens in health research. Typically, this has been understood as citizens and patients having a greater voice and role within the standard research enterprise. Beyond this, however, it is important that the renegotiated contract specifically addresses the oversight of a new, path-breaking approach to health research: participant-led research. In light of the momentum behind participant-led research and its potential to advance health knowledge by challenging and complementing traditional research, it is vital for all stakeholders to work together in securing the conditions that will enable it to flourish. PMID:25825527

  9. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review No. 89

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    Summaries are presented for the DOE contracts related to supported research for thermal recovery of petroleum, geoscience technology, and field demonstrations in high-priority reservoir classes. Data included for each project are: title, contract number, principal investigator, research organization, beginning date, expected completion date, amount of award, objectives of the research, and summary of technical progress.

  10. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. When contracting under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, follow the procedures at 227-7104....

  11. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. When contracting under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, follow the procedures at 227-7104....

  12. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. When contracting under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, follow the procedures at 227-7104....

  13. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. When contracting under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, follow the procedures at 227-7104....

  14. 48 CFR 227.7204 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovative Research Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Innovative Research Program. 227.7204 Section 227.7204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... under the Small Business Innovative Research Program. When contracting under the Small Business Innovative Research Program, follow the procedures at 227-7104....

  15. Industry-contract research organization pathology interactions: a perspective of contract research organizations in producing the best quality pathology report.

    PubMed

    Gosselin, Sylvie J; Palate, Bernard; Parker, George A; Engelhardt, Jeffery A; Hardisty, Jerry F; McDorman, Kevin S; Tellier, Pierre A; Silverman, Lee R

    2011-02-01

    This article provides observations on the features of sponsor-contract research organization communication that will achieve the best quality pathology report based on our collective experience. Information on the test article and any anticipated findings should be provided, and initial slide examination should be done with knowledge of treatment group (but may be followed by blinded review of target tissues to determine no-effect levels). Only a pathologist should write or revise the pathology report or the pathology section of the overall study report. To address concerns related to undue sponsor influence, comments by sponsors should be presented as suggestions rather than directives. Adversity should be defined for each finding by the study pathologist, but the no-observed adverse effect level should not be discussed in the pathology report. Board-certified pathologists are recommended, but are not essential. Sponsors that have a particular format or report preferences should make them known well in advance. Histologic processing "to glass" of protocol-specified tissues from all dosage groups is recommended for rapid evaluation of target tissues. Telepathology is beneficial in certain situations, but it is usually more efficient for the study pathologist and reviewing pathologist to be in the same physical location to review differences of opinion and reach a consensus.

  16. Guidelines for cost control and analysis of cost-type research and development contracts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sibbers, C. W.

    1981-01-01

    The cost information which should be obtained from a contractor(s) on a major, cost type research and development contract(s), and the analyses and effective use of these data are discussed. Specific type(s) of information which should be required, methods for analyzing such information, and methods for effectively using the results of such analyses to enhance NASA contract and project management are included. The material presented is based primarily on the principal methods which have been effectively used in the management of major cost type research and development contracts.

  17. Coordinating ‘Ethical’ Clinical Trials: The Role of Research Coordinators in the Contract Research Industry

    PubMed Central

    Fisher, Jill A.

    2010-01-01

    Change in the way new drugs are developed, including the privatization of clinical trials, has altered the arrangement and roles of health care professions. In this article I examine one aspect of this change: the role of research coordinators in the conduct of contract research in the United States. My focus on coordinators highlights the ethical conflicts embedded in clinical trials. I describe the ways in which coordinators experience and contend with the conflict between research and care and show how their construction of ethics is distinct from institutional conceptions formally associated with human subjects research. My analysis demonstrates how the coordinators' focus on ethics is a response to their role conflict and an attempt to reinsert individualized care into the context of research. PMID:17184412

  18. 75 FR 18034 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Research and Development Contract Type...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... Regulation Supplement; Research and Development Contract Type Determination (DFARS Case 2006-D053) AGENCY... a major defense acquisition program (MDAP) to select the contract type for a development program... INFORMATION: A. Background DoD published an interim rule at 73 FR 4117 on January 24, 2008, to...

  19. 48 CFR 250.104-3-70 - Indemnification under contracts involving both research and development and other work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts involving both research and development and other work. 250.104-3-70 Section 250.104-3-70 Federal...-70 Indemnification under contracts involving both research and development and other work. When indemnification is to be provided on contracts requiring both research and development work and other work,...

  20. 48 CFR 227.7107-2 - Contracts for construction supplies and research and development work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7107-2 Contracts for construction supplies and..., or research work, or test and evaluation studies of structures, equipment, processes, or...

  1. NASA's university program: Active grants and research contracts, fiscal year 1975

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Active university research projects for Fiscal Year 1975 are reported by state, and foreign country. Cross indexes by: (1) grant/contract number; (2) field of science and engineering; (3) technical officer location; and (4) RTOP are included.

  2. 15 CFR 734.11 - Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Government-sponsored research covered... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS SCOPE OF THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS § 734.11 Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls. (a) If research is funded by the U.S. Government, and specific...

  3. 15 CFR 734.11 - Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Government-sponsored research covered... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS SCOPE OF THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS § 734.11 Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls. (a) If research is funded by the U.S. Government, and specific...

  4. 77 FR 47797 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Small Business Set Asides for Research and Development Contracts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-10

    ... 9000-AM33 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Small Business Set Asides for Research and Development... result of market research, that there are small businesses capable of providing the best scientific and... met before a contracting officer can proceed with a small business set-aside for research...

  5. 21 CFR 312.52 - Transfer of obligations to a contract research organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and Investigators § 312.52 Transfer of obligations to a contract research organization. (a) A sponsor... research organization. Any such transfer shall be described in writing. If not all obligations are... research organization. If all obligations are transferred, a general statement that all obligations...

  6. 21 CFR 312.52 - Transfer of obligations to a contract research organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... and Investigators § 312.52 Transfer of obligations to a contract research organization. (a) A sponsor... research organization. Any such transfer shall be described in writing. If not all obligations are... research organization. If all obligations are transferred, a general statement that all obligations...

  7. United States Private-Sector Physicians and Pharmaceutical Contract Research: A Qualitative Study

    PubMed Central

    Fisher, Jill A.; Kalbaugh, Corey A.

    2012-01-01

    Background There have been dramatic increases over the past 20 years in the number of nonacademic, private-sector physicians who serve as principal investigators on US clinical trials sponsored by the pharmaceutical industry. However, there has been little research on the implications of these investigators' role in clinical investigation. Our objective was to study private-sector clinics involved in US pharmaceutical clinical trials to understand the contract research arrangements supporting drug development, and specifically how private-sector physicians engaged in contract research describe their professional identities. Methods and Findings We conducted a qualitative study in 2003–2004 combining observation at 25 private-sector research organizations in the southwestern United States and 63 semi-structured interviews with physicians, research staff, and research participants at those clinics. We used grounded theory to analyze and interpret our data. The 11 private-sector physicians who participated in our study reported becoming principal investigators on industry clinical trials primarily because contract research provides an additional revenue stream. The physicians reported that they saw themselves as trial practitioners and as businesspeople rather than as scientists or researchers. Conclusions Our findings suggest that in addition to having financial motivation to participate in contract research, these US private-sector physicians have a professional identity aligned with an industry-based approach to research ethics. The generalizability of these findings and whether they have changed in the intervening years should be addressed in future studies. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary. PMID:22911055

  8. The U.S. Public's Investment in Medical Research: An Evolving Social Contract.

    PubMed

    Heinig, Stephen J; Dev, Anurupa; Bonham, Ann C

    2016-01-01

    Medical researchers and their institutions are operating under extraordinary financial stress. More than a decade after completion of the 5-year doubling of the National Institutes of Health budget, the medical research community must confront a significant loss in National Institutes of Health purchasing power and downward pressures in federal discretionary spending. In part, this trend results from a federal budget stalemate over the growth in entitlement programs, particularly spending on medical care. This article considers the changing nature of the federal investment in medical research and the potential for medical researchers and institutions conducting the full spectrum of research to improve health system performance and health equity. In our view, continued federal investments reflect an evolving social contract for research serving the public good; the term contract is used metaphorically to represent a figurative, implicit agreement between the scientific community and the public's representatives in government. Under this conceptual contract, the American people--who are ultimately the funders of research, research training and infrastructure--expect outcomes that lead to better health, security or other benefits. The evolving contract includes expectations for more accountability, transparency, sharing of results and resources, and better integration of research systems and cultures that used to take pride in boundaries and distinctions. We outline here some of the major movements of organizations realigning to social support, which are increasingly essential to sustain public investment in medical research. PMID:26802760

  9. The U.S. Public's Investment in Medical Research: An Evolving Social Contract.

    PubMed

    Heinig, Stephen J; Dev, Anurupa; Bonham, Ann C

    2016-01-01

    Medical researchers and their institutions are operating under extraordinary financial stress. More than a decade after completion of the 5-year doubling of the National Institutes of Health budget, the medical research community must confront a significant loss in National Institutes of Health purchasing power and downward pressures in federal discretionary spending. In part, this trend results from a federal budget stalemate over the growth in entitlement programs, particularly spending on medical care. This article considers the changing nature of the federal investment in medical research and the potential for medical researchers and institutions conducting the full spectrum of research to improve health system performance and health equity. In our view, continued federal investments reflect an evolving social contract for research serving the public good; the term contract is used metaphorically to represent a figurative, implicit agreement between the scientific community and the public's representatives in government. Under this conceptual contract, the American people--who are ultimately the funders of research, research training and infrastructure--expect outcomes that lead to better health, security or other benefits. The evolving contract includes expectations for more accountability, transparency, sharing of results and resources, and better integration of research systems and cultures that used to take pride in boundaries and distinctions. We outline here some of the major movements of organizations realigning to social support, which are increasingly essential to sustain public investment in medical research.

  10. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review number 87

    SciTech Connect

    1997-10-01

    Approximately 30 research projects are summarized in this report. Title of the project, contract number, company or university, award amount, principal investigators, objectives, and summary of technical progress are given for each project. Enhanced oil recovery projects include chemical flooding, gas displacement, and thermal recovery. Most of the research projects though are related to geoscience technology and reservoir characterization.

  11. 48 CFR 53.235 - Research and Development Contracting (SF 298).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and Development... REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.235 Research and Development... scientific and technical reports to contracting officers and to technical information libraries, as...

  12. 48 CFR 53.235 - Research and Development Contracting (SF 298).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Research and Development Contracting (SF 298). 53.235 Section 53.235 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.235 Research and...

  13. 48 CFR 53.235 - Research and Development Contracting (SF 298).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Research and Development Contracting (SF 298). 53.235 Section 53.235 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.235 Research and...

  14. 48 CFR 53.235 - Research and Development Contracting (SF 298).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Research and Development Contracting (SF 298). 53.235 Section 53.235 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.235 Research and...

  15. Liquid Modernity: Exploring the Research Contract Nexus within Contemporary Scottish Political Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holligan, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This paper contributes to our understanding of a supposed free-market in research, where knowledge-transfer is to government, which then brokers the evidence into professional fields. Education research contracts are put out to tender by Scottish Government and a constellation of factors constructing this phenomenon has epistemological and…

  16. Contract Research Organizations (CROs) in China: integrating Chinese research and development capabilities for global drug innovation.

    PubMed

    Shi, Yun-Zhen; Hu, Hao; Wang, Chunming

    2014-01-01

    The significance of R&D capabilities of China has become increasingly important as an emerging force in the context of globalization of pharmaceutical research and development (R&D). While China has prospered in its R&D capability in the past decade, how to integrate the rising pharmaceutical R&D capability of China into the global development chain for innovative drugs remains challenging. For many multinational corporations and research organizations overseas, their attempt to integrate China's pharmaceutical R&D capabilities into their own is always hindered by policy constraints and reluctance of local universities and pharmaceutical firms. In light of the situation, contract research organizations (CROs) in China have made great innovation in value proposition, value chain and value networking to be at a unique position to facilitate global and local R&D integration. Chinese CROs are now being considered as the essentially important and highly versatile integrator of local R&D capability for global drug discovery and innovation. PMID:25406839

  17. Contract Research Organizations (CROs) in China: integrating Chinese research and development capabilities for global drug innovation.

    PubMed

    Shi, Yun-Zhen; Hu, Hao; Wang, Chunming

    2014-11-19

    The significance of R&D capabilities of China has become increasingly important as an emerging force in the context of globalization of pharmaceutical research and development (R&D). While China has prospered in its R&D capability in the past decade, how to integrate the rising pharmaceutical R&D capability of China into the global development chain for innovative drugs remains challenging. For many multinational corporations and research organizations overseas, their attempt to integrate China's pharmaceutical R&D capabilities into their own is always hindered by policy constraints and reluctance of local universities and pharmaceutical firms. In light of the situation, contract research organizations (CROs) in China have made great innovation in value proposition, value chain and value networking to be at a unique position to facilitate global and local R&D integration. Chinese CROs are now being considered as the essentially important and highly versatile integrator of local R&D capability for global drug discovery and innovation.

  18. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data or computer software will be generated during performance of contracts under the SBIR program. (b) Under the clause at 252.227-7018, the Government obtains SBIR data rights in technical data and computer...

  19. 15 CFR 734.11 - Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Government-sponsored research covered by contract controls. 734.11 Section 734.11 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...

  20. Big-pharmaceuticalisation: clinical trials and Contract Research Organisations in India.

    PubMed

    Sariola, Salla; Ravindran, Deapica; Kumar, Anand; Jeffery, Roger

    2015-04-01

    The World Trade Organisation's Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights [TRIPS] agreement aimed to harmonise intellectual property rights and patent protection globally. In India, the signing of this agreement resulted in a sharp increase in clinical trials since 2005. The Indian government, along with larger Indian pharmaceutical companies, believed that they could change existing commercial research cultures through the promotion of basic research as well as attracting international clinical trials, and thus create an international level, innovation-based drug industry. The effects of the growth of these outsourced and off-shored clinical trials on local commercial knowledge production in India are still unclear. What has been the impact of the increasing scale and commercialisation of clinical research on corporate science in India? In this paper we describe Big-pharmaceuticalisation in India, whereby the local pharmaceutical industry is moving from generic manufacturing to innovative research. Using conceptual frameworks of pharmaceuticalisation and innovation, this paper analyses data from research conducted in 2010-2012 and describes how Contract Research Organisations (CROs) enable outsourcing of randomised control trials to India. Focussing on twenty-five semi-structured interviews CRO staff, we chart the changes in Indian pharmaceutical industry, and implications for local research cultures. We use Big-pharmaceuticalisation to extend the notion of pharmaceuticalisation to describe the spread of pharmaceutical research globally and illustrate how TRIPS has encouraged a concentration of capital in India, with large companies gaining increasing market share and using their market power to rewrite regulations and introduce new regulatory practices in their own interest. Contract Research Organisations, with relevant, new, epistemic skills and capacities, are both manifestations of the changes in commercial research cultures, as well as the vehicles to

  1. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review No. 78, quarter ending March 31, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    1995-05-01

    This report presents descriptions of various research projects and field projects concerned with the enhanced recovery of petroleum. Contract numbers, principal investigators, company names, and project management information is included.

  2. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review number 83, quarter ending June 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-08-01

    Summaries of 41 research projects on enhanced recovery are presented under the following sections: (1) chemical flooding; (2) gas displacement; (3) thermal recovery; (4) geoscience technology; (5) resource assessment technology; and (6) reservoir classes. Each presentation gives the title of the project, contract number, research facility, contract date, expected completion data, amount of the award, principal investigator, and DOE program manager, and describes the objectives of the project and a summary of the technical progress.

  3. Recent progress in agricultural biotechnology and opportunities for contract research and development.

    PubMed

    Kolodziejczyk, P P; Fedec, P

    1999-01-01

    The global market for agriculture products and agriculture-based value-added products is undergoing change as the top players in agriculture and agricultural biotechnology face increased consolidation and ultimately form alliances in development, production and marketing. Transgenic plants for human consumption and industrial applications are entering the marketplace. Novel, genetically engineered, plant-based organisms (GMO) designed for resistance to herbicides, pesticides and environmental stress or for the production of valuable chemicals, pharmaceuticals and vaccines are available. A growing demand for bioprocessing, test production, scale-up or providing data for registration has created new opportunities for contract research and development (CR&D) firms. PMID:10335382

  4. Recent progress in agricultural biotechnology and opportunities for contract research and development.

    PubMed

    Kolodziejczyk, P P; Fedec, P

    1999-01-01

    The global market for agriculture products and agriculture-based value-added products is undergoing change as the top players in agriculture and agricultural biotechnology face increased consolidation and ultimately form alliances in development, production and marketing. Transgenic plants for human consumption and industrial applications are entering the marketplace. Novel, genetically engineered, plant-based organisms (GMO) designed for resistance to herbicides, pesticides and environmental stress or for the production of valuable chemicals, pharmaceuticals and vaccines are available. A growing demand for bioprocessing, test production, scale-up or providing data for registration has created new opportunities for contract research and development (CR&D) firms.

  5. 48 CFR 916.307 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 916.307 Contract clauses. (g) Insert the... solicitations and contracts when a cost-reimbursement research and development contract with a State or...

  6. Research Interactions between Industry and Higher-Education: An Examination of the Major Legal Issues Involved in Four Representative Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reams, Bernard Dinsmore

    The use of complex research agreements for joint research activities between industry and universities is assessed, with attention to the legal rights of the contracting parties. The focus is research relationships between a university and a company or an individual scientist and industry. The historical development and legal foundation of…

  7. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review number 86, quarter ending March 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1997-05-01

    Summaries are presented for 37 enhanced oil recovery contracts being supported by the Department of Energy. The projects are grouped into gas displacement methods, thermal recovery methods, geoscience technology, reservoir characterization, and field demonstrations in high-priority reservoir classes. Each summary includes the objectives of the project and a summary of the technical progress, as well as information on contract dates, size of award, principal investigator, and company or facility doing the research.

  8. 48 CFR 53.235 - Research and Development Contracting (SF 298).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Contracting (SF 298). SF 298 (2/89), Report Documentation Page. SF 298 is prescribed for use in submitting scientific and technical reports to contracting officers and to technical information libraries, as...

  9. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SBIR data protection period commencing with contract award and ending five years after completion of... SBIR data protection period, the Government may not release or disclose SBIR technical data or computer... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Rights in Technical Data 227.7104 Contracts under the Small...

  10. NASA's university program: Active grants and research contracts, fiscal year 1974

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    Each entry includes institution and location, brief description of project, period of performance, principal investigator at institution, NASA technical officer (monitor), sponsoring NASA installation, interagency field of science or engineering classification C.A.S.E. category, grant or contract number, FY 74 obligations, cumulative obligations, and most recent RTOP coding. Entries are arranged alphabetically within state or country. Four cross indices are presented: (1) grant or contract number; (2) C.A.S.E. field or science or engineering; (3) NASA technical officer location; and (4) RTOP code.

  11. Contract Research, Curricular Reform, and Situated Selves: Between Social Justice and Commercialized Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturges, Keith M.

    2014-01-01

    Using a critical ethnographic perspective, I describe how social scientists actively transition into the evaluation industry in a reform environment that is marked by increased privatization of all aspects of public education. I do this by exploring adaptations that contract evaluators use to enhance a sense of personal connection to their work…

  12. Contract Administration: Understanding Limitations on Management Rights. A Presenter's Guide. Research Based Training for School Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Educational Policy and Management.

    This workshop presenter's guide is intended for use by administrators in training one another in the Project Leadership program developed by the Association of California School Administrators (ACSA). The purpose of this particular guide is to train administrators to interpret common contract provisions that affect management's decision-making…

  13. 48 CFR 3035.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Information Dissemination by Educational Institutions 3035.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer may use the clause at (HSAR) 48 CFR 3052.235-70, Dissemination of...

  14. 48 CFR 1235.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Research Misconduct 1235.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at (TAR) 48 CFR 1252.235-70, Research Misconduct, in all solicitations and contracts for research and development. For further information, see...

  15. 48 CFR 1235.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Research Misconduct 1235.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at (TAR) 48 CFR 1252.235-70, Research Misconduct, in all solicitations and contracts for research and development. For further information, see...

  16. 48 CFR 915.404-4-70-6 - Contracts with educational institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 915.404-4-70-6 Contracts... in standard university research or study contracts. Such operating contracts are subject to...

  17. Contracts, grants and funding summary of supersonic cruise research and variable-cycle engine technology programs, 1972 - 1982

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffman, S.; Varholic, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    NASA-SCAR (AST) program was initiated in 1972 at the direct request of the Executive Office of the White House and Congress following termination of the U.S. SST program. The purpose of SCR was to conduct a focused research and technology program on those technology programs which contributed to the SST termination and, also, to provide an expanded data base for future civil and military supersonic transport aircraft. Funding for the Supersonic Cruise Research (SCR) Program was initiated in fiscal year 1973 and terminated in fiscal year 1981. The program was implemented through contracts and grants with industry, universities, and by in-house investigations at the NASA/OAST centers. The studies included system studies and five disciplines: propulsion, stratospheric emissions impact, materials and structures, aerodynamic performance, and stability and control. The NASA/Lewis Variable-Cycle Engine (VCE) Component Program was initiated in 1976 to augment the SCR program in the area of propulsion. After about 2 years, the title was changed to VCE Technology program. The total number of contractors and grantees on record at the AST office in 1982 was 101 for SCR and 4 for VCE. This paper presents a compilation of all the contracts and grants as well as the funding summaries for both programs.

  18. 48 CFR 1335.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 1335.006 Contracting methods and... research involving human subjects to be carried out in performance of the award is exempt from 15 CFR part... Subjects, that the research involving human subjects is not exempt from the requirements of 15 CFR part...

  19. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. (a) Use the clause at 252.227-7018, Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data...

  20. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. (a) Use the clause at 252.227-7018, Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data...

  1. 48 CFR 227.7104 - Contracts under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. 227.7104 Section 227.7104 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. (a) Use the clause at 252.227-7018, Rights in Noncommercial Technical Data and Computer Software—Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program, when technical data...

  2. 48 CFR 227.7107-2 - Contracts for construction supplies and research and development work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... supplies and research and development work. 227.7107-2 Section 227.7107-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations... research and development work. Use the provisions and clauses required by 227-7103-6 and 227.7203-6 when..., or research work, or test and evaluation studies of structures, equipment, processes, or...

  3. Government Contracts and Grants for Research. A Guide for Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scurlock, Reagan

    The Federal Government and institutions of higher learning have become interdependent elements of the research structure. Colleges and universities cannot adequately support a high level of research activity with their own limited funds, and the government must rely on the obvious wealth of expertise on campus for the conduct of research required…

  4. 48 CFR 1352.235-73 - Research involving human subjects-after initial contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... prescribed in 48 CFR 1335.006(d), insert the following clause: Research Involving Human Subjects—After... Protection of Human Subjects (the “Common Rule”), adopted by the Department of Commerce at 15 CFR part 27... categories are specified at 15 CFR 27.101(b). (d) In the event that human subjects research involves...

  5. 48 CFR 1352.235-73 - Research involving human subjects-after initial contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... prescribed in 48 CFR 1335.006(d), insert the following clause: Research Involving Human Subjects—After... Protection of Human Subjects (the “Common Rule”), adopted by the Department of Commerce at 15 CFR Part 27... categories are specified at 15 CFR 27.101(b). (d) In the event that human subjects research involves...

  6. 48 CFR 1352.235-73 - Research involving human subjects-after initial contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... prescribed in 48 CFR 1335.006(d), insert the following clause: Research Involving Human Subjects—After... Protection of Human Subjects (the “Common Rule”), adopted by the Department of Commerce at 15 CFR part 27... categories are specified at 15 CFR 27.101(b). (d) In the event that human subjects research involves...

  7. 48 CFR 1352.235-73 - Research involving human subjects-after initial contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... prescribed in 48 CFR 1335.006(d), insert the following clause: Research Involving Human Subjects—After... Protection of Human Subjects (the “Common Rule”), adopted by the Department of Commerce at 15 CFR part 27... categories are specified at 15 CFR 27.101(b). (d) In the event that human subjects research involves...

  8. 48 CFR 1352.235-73 - Research involving human subjects-after initial contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... prescribed in 48 CFR 1335.006(d), insert the following clause: Research Involving Human Subjects—After... Protection of Human Subjects (the “Common Rule”), adopted by the Department of Commerce at 15 CFR part 27... categories are specified at 15 CFR 27.101(b). (d) In the event that human subjects research involves...

  9. Advice for a career in academic gastroenterology: from fellowship application through job selection and contract negotiations to research and promotion.

    PubMed

    Cappell, M S

    2009-03-01

    This study aims to describe a comprehensive strategy for success in academic gastroenterology by reporting common sense, but mostly previously unpublished, recommendations. The recommendation are based on expert opinion from personal experience mentoring 125 gastroenterology fellows and residents as a program director for nine years and from mentoring research while publishing more than 160 articles in peer-reviewed journals and editing 11 books during a 23-year academic career. Primary criteria for fellowship applicant selection include board scores, clinical performance, interview performance, clinical training, and research productivity. For optimal chances, select the subspecialty of gastroenterology early during residency, consult a mentor, and develop a well-planned strategy. Faculty advancement depends upon publications, grants, national recognition, interpersonal skills, and recommendations. Article categories from highest-to-lowest in prestige are original investigations, review articles, book chapters, case reports, and letters/abstracts. Articles are judged by the prestige of the journal of publication. Resubmit rejected articles to successively less prestigious journals until accepted for publication. Articles in journals without peer-review have negligible career impact. Grant support creates protected time. Institutional reputation is important in academics. Do not accept a job without a written contract. Have a lawyer review your contract. An outside offer strengthens a negotiating position. Be sociable and nonconfrontational at work. Network with colleagues. Seek a mentor. Meet your supervisor regularly for feedback. Never express anger at your boss or patients. Avoid litigation with employers. Sub-subspecialize to develop expertise in one area. Focus on this area in your research and clinical practice. In conclusion, a well-planned strategy can help you achieve a senior academic position early and efficiently. PMID:19212312

  10. Advice for a career in academic gastroenterology: from fellowship application through job selection and contract negotiations to research and promotion.

    PubMed

    Cappell, M S

    2009-03-01

    This study aims to describe a comprehensive strategy for success in academic gastroenterology by reporting common sense, but mostly previously unpublished, recommendations. The recommendation are based on expert opinion from personal experience mentoring 125 gastroenterology fellows and residents as a program director for nine years and from mentoring research while publishing more than 160 articles in peer-reviewed journals and editing 11 books during a 23-year academic career. Primary criteria for fellowship applicant selection include board scores, clinical performance, interview performance, clinical training, and research productivity. For optimal chances, select the subspecialty of gastroenterology early during residency, consult a mentor, and develop a well-planned strategy. Faculty advancement depends upon publications, grants, national recognition, interpersonal skills, and recommendations. Article categories from highest-to-lowest in prestige are original investigations, review articles, book chapters, case reports, and letters/abstracts. Articles are judged by the prestige of the journal of publication. Resubmit rejected articles to successively less prestigious journals until accepted for publication. Articles in journals without peer-review have negligible career impact. Grant support creates protected time. Institutional reputation is important in academics. Do not accept a job without a written contract. Have a lawyer review your contract. An outside offer strengthens a negotiating position. Be sociable and nonconfrontational at work. Network with colleagues. Seek a mentor. Meet your supervisor regularly for feedback. Never express anger at your boss or patients. Avoid litigation with employers. Sub-subspecialize to develop expertise in one area. Focus on this area in your research and clinical practice. In conclusion, a well-planned strategy can help you achieve a senior academic position early and efficiently.

  11. Statement of Policy and Procedures for Administration of Contracts and Grants with Regional Educational Laboratories and Research and Development Centers During FY 1983 and FY 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    A National Institute of Education (NIE) statement of policy and procedures is presented regarding administering institutional contracts and grants with regional educational laboratories and research and development centers during fiscal years 1983 and 1984. Definitions are presented of regional educational laboratories and research and development…

  12. Development of a portable anchored dynamometer for collection of maximal voluntary isometric contractions in biomechanics research on dancers.

    PubMed

    Krasnow, Donna; Ambegaonkar, Jatin P; Stecyk, Shane; Wilmerding, M Virginia; Wyon, Matthew; Koutedakis, Yiannis

    2011-12-01

    Surface electromyography (sEMG) has been used in dance medicine research since the 1970s, but normalization procedures are not consistently employed in the field. The purpose of this project was to develop a portable anchored dynamometer (PAD) specifically for dance-related research. Due to the limited studies in the dance research literature using normalization procedures for sEMG data, a review of the procedures used in the exercise science literature was conducted. A portable anchored dynamometer was then developed and tested with dancers, using methods validated in previous literature. We collected sEMG maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC, mV) from 10 female dancers (mean age 31.0 ± 15 yrs, mean height 163 ± 7.6 cm, mean weight 57.6 ± 6.9 kg, and 17.0 ± 13.9 yrs of training in ballet and/or modern dance) over three trials (5 sec each) for eight muscles bilaterally (quadriceps, tibialis anterior, abductor hallucis, gastrocnemius, hamstrings, gluteus maximus, erector spinae, and rectus abdominus). Consistency of data and feedback from dancers suggest that this dance-specific portable anchored dynamometer is effective for future sEMG studies in dance research. PMID:22211194

  13. Critical Issues in Research Related to Disadvantaged Children. Proceedings of Six Head Start Research Seminars Held Under OEO Contract 4098.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grotberg, Edith, Ed.

    This volume contains the proceedings of six Head Start research seminars held in Washington, D.C., from June 11, 1968 to April 18, 1969. The subject areas for each seminar were drawn from what was considered to be the most pressing issues in early childhood education research. There were (1) motivation, (2) the teacher and classroom management,…

  14. Understanding the Psychological Contract in Apprenticeships and Traineeships to Improve Retention. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Erica; Walker, Arlene; Kemmis, Ros Brennan

    2011-01-01

    Attrition in apprenticeships and traineeships is an ongoing concern for employers and government alike, with completion standing at around 50% on average. One possible explanation for this high attrition rate is that there is a mismatch between the respective expectations of apprentices/trainees and employers. This research uses the concept of the…

  15. Research Ethics in the Era of Personalized Medicine: Updating Science's Contract with Society

    PubMed Central

    Meslin, Eric M.; Cho, Mildred K.

    2010-01-01

    With the completed sequence of the human genome has come the prospect of substantially improving the quality of life for millions through personalized medicine approaches. Still, any advances in this direction require research involving human subjects. For decades science and ethics have enjoyed an allegiance reflected in a common set of ethical principles and procedures guiding the conduct of research with human subjects. Some of these principles emphasize avoiding harm over maximizing benefit. In this paper we revisit the priority given to these ethical principles – particularly the principles that support a cautious approach to science – and propose a reframing of the ‘social contract’ between science and society that emphasizes reciprocity and meeting public needs. PMID:20805701

  16. NASA's university program: Active grants and research contracts, fiscal year 1978

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    As basic policy NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. The NASA objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA technical and scientific programs. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA University Program.

  17. NASA's university program: Active grants and research contracts, fiscal year 1976

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    NASA Field Centers and certain Headquarters Program Offices provide funds for those research and development activities in universities which contribute to the mission needs of that particular NASA element. Although NASA has no predetermined amount of money to devote to university activities, the effort funded each year is substantial. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program.

  18. Production of high-quality marketing applications: strategies for biotechnology companies working with contract research organizations.

    PubMed

    Hecker, Sandra J; Preston, Christopher; Foote, MaryAnn

    2003-01-01

    Many biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies use clinical research organizations (CROs) to assist in the writing and preparation of clinical documents intended for submission to health authorities. Start-up companies often require the expertise of a CRO to prepare their first regulatory documents. Larger or more experienced companies often require CRO staff to assist at times of multiple simultaneous submissions. The timely production of high-quality new drug marketing applications requires close collaborations between the drug company and the CRO. The views of both CRO and industry in ensuring best practices are discussed.

  19. The last stand of the psychocultural cold warriors: military contract research in Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Rohde, Joy

    2011-01-01

    In 1966, the social scientists of the Simulmatics Corporation arrived in Saigon. Tasked by the Pentagon with helping to pacify South Vietnam, they conducted political and social psychological research on Viet Cong defectors, government soldiers, and Vietnamese villagers. This essay argues that Simulmatics's work captures some of the ironies of Cold War social science: its tendency to mask militarization behind the rhetoric of peaceful nation-building, its blurring of data collection and intelligence gathering, and its ambitious dedication to revealing the unseen contents of hearts and minds while remaining ignorant of the historical, cultural, and linguistic contexts in which its subjects lived.

  20. The last stand of the psychocultural cold warriors: military contract research in Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Rohde, Joy

    2011-01-01

    In 1966, the social scientists of the Simulmatics Corporation arrived in Saigon. Tasked by the Pentagon with helping to pacify South Vietnam, they conducted political and social psychological research on Viet Cong defectors, government soldiers, and Vietnamese villagers. This essay argues that Simulmatics's work captures some of the ironies of Cold War social science: its tendency to mask militarization behind the rhetoric of peaceful nation-building, its blurring of data collection and intelligence gathering, and its ambitious dedication to revealing the unseen contents of hearts and minds while remaining ignorant of the historical, cultural, and linguistic contexts in which its subjects lived. PMID:21732374

  1. Privatization and Public Employees: The Impact of City and County Contracting Out on Government Workers. Research Report 88-07.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dudek & Company.

    A study examined the issue of contracting out traditional government services and its effect on government employees. It found that local governments contract out for two principal reasons: to cut the cost of providing services and to employ specialized skills and resources unavailable within the government. Findings from a review of the…

  2. Experimental evaluation of honeycomb/screen configurations and short contraction section for NASA Lewis Research Center's altitude wind tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burley, Richard R.; Harrington, Douglas E.

    1987-01-01

    An experimental investigation was conducted in the high speed leg of the 0.1 scale model of the proposed Altitude Wind Tunnel to evaluate flow conditioner configurations in the settling chamber and their effect on the flow through the short contraction section. The lowest longitudinal turbulence intensity measured at the contraction-section entrance, 1.2%, was achieved with a honeycomb plus three fine-mesh screens. Turbulence intensity in the test section was estimated to be between 0.1 and 0.2% with the honeycomb plus three fine mesh screens in the settling chamber. Adding screens, however, adversely affected the total pressure profile, causing a small defect near the centerline at the contraction section entrance. No significant boundary layer separation was evident in the short contraction section.

  3. Architect's Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Board of Education, Columbus.

    An actual contract form used for architectural services is presented. Fees, duties, and services are included. Services are listed in the following phases--(1) schematic design, (2) design development, (3) contract document, and (4) construction. Extra services are listed, and owner's responsibility with regard to cost estimates is given.…

  4. Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Tom

    The management team at Minooka (Illinois) School District 201 is actively pursuing school improvement measures by establishing Performance Contracts to increase productivity. The format of the Performance Contract highlights yearly short-term and long-term goals, which are presented in the form of Job Improvement Targets stating the goal itself, a…

  5. Student Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldridge, Hal

    1971-01-01

    Discussion of the nature of student-teacher contracts pertaining to academic work to be performed by the student and evaluated by the teacher covers a wide range of related issues in this article. The nature of contracts, evaluation procedures, instructional materials, community attitudes, and the individualization of instruction are commented on…

  6. 48 CFR 335.070-4 - Contract award.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract award. 335.070-4... CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 335.070-4 Contract award. Consistent with HHS' objectives of competition and support of the small business program, Contracting Officers shall not award contracts...

  7. 48 CFR 3402.201 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... GENERAL DEFINITIONS OF WORDS AND TERMS Definitions Clause 3402.201 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause in 3452.202-1, Definitions, in all solicitations and contracts in lieu of the clause in FAR 52.202-1, except— (a) A fixed-price research and development contract that...

  8. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... analytical nature (e.g., applied social science research); and (3) The contract requires the delivery of an... value of $500,000 or less. (d) The clause shall not be used in contracts for information...

  9. Contract sanctity

    SciTech Connect

    Seeley, R.S.

    1995-10-01

    Increased competition and the pressure to keep rates low is driving utilities and independent power producers alike to consider more options to keep costs down. While an important strategy for them, the results are creating some conflicts. The April 12, 1995 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) decision against New York State Electric & Gas (NYSEG) attempt to breach contracts with two independent power producers, observers say, is one of the most important decisions on contract disputes between independents and utilities. It reveals the complex issues and compelling arguments on both sides. It opens the question of utilities` ability to pay, and the future direction of independent power. The conflicts create a problem for utilities and independents alike.

  10. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review quarter ending September 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-08-01

    Progress reports are presented for the following tasks: chemical flooding--supporting research; gas displacement--supporting research; thermal recovery--supporting research; geoscience technology; resource assessment technology; and field demonstrations in high-priority reservoir classes. A list of available publications is also included.

  11. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review No. 71, quarter ending June 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    Progress reports are presented for the following tasks: chemical flooding--supporting research; gas displacement--supporting research; thermal recovery--supporting research; geoscience technology; resource assessment technology; microbial technology; and novel technology. A list of available publication is also provided.

  12. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery: Progress review No. 74, Quarter ending March 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following tasks: chemical flooding--supporting research; gas displacement--supporting research; thermal recovery--supporting research; geoscience technology; resource assessment technology; microbial technology; field demonstrations in high-priority reservoir classes; and novel technology. A list of available publication is also provided.

  13. Hospital contract management: a descriptive profile.

    PubMed Central

    Alexander, J A; Lewis, B L

    1984-01-01

    Despite the dramatic growth in hospital contract management in the last decade, research only recently has begun to provide insights into the structure, operation, and effectiveness of these arrangements. Two descriptive questions regarding hospital contract management are addressed in an effort to increase correspondence between theoretical and evaluative research in this area: (1) how do contract-managed hospitals differ from traditionally managed hospitals? and (2) how do contract-managed hospitals differ from each other? Principal discriminating variables in the analyses are hospital size, control, urban-rural location, region, management organization control, and management organization size. Results of the analysis on a sample of 406 contract-managed hospitals and 401 unaffiliated hospitals reveal important differences between contract-managed and traditionally managed hospitals as well as among contract management organizations. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for future research and performance evaluations on contract management arrangements. PMID:6490376

  14. An Investigation into the Costing and Management of University Research Grants and Contracts. Program on Institutional Management in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mawditt, Richard M.; Line, Victor

    The complexity of problems facing university administrators is examined, along with the confusion existing as to the role of research management within universities. Based on literature reviews, and discussions with administrators and researchers at various institutions, it is found that as university faculty move further away from pure or basic…

  15. Deregulation Impact in Negotiating a New Electrical Contract Between NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field and FirstEnergy Corp., Cleveland, Ohio, USA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Quach, Quyen T.; Zala, Laszlo F.

    2002-01-01

    The governor of the State of Ohio signed amended substitute Senate bill 3 on July 6, 1999, requiring Ohio's electric industry to change from a monopoly environment to a competitive electric environment for generation services. The start date for competitive retail generation services was set for January 1, 2001. This new deregulation law allowed all Ohioans to choose the supplier of generation service, but the transmission and distribution would remain regulated. It also required electric utilities to unbundle the three main components (generation, transmission, and distribution) and make other changes designed to produce a competitive electric generation market. While deregulation was taking shape, the NASA Glenn Research Center electrical contract with FirstEnergy Corp. of Cleveland, Ohio, was to expire on September 7, 1999. Glenn strategically evaluated and incorporated the impacts of electric deregulation in the negotiations. Glenn and FirstEnergy spent over a year in negotiations until the Glenn utility team and the FirstEnergy negotiating team came to an agreement in the fall of 2000, and a new contract became effective on January 1, 2001.

  16. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... analytical nature (e.g., applied social science research); and (3) The contract requires the delivery of an overall end product (e.g., evaluation, study, model). (b) The Contracting Officer shall use the basic... value of $500,000 or less. (d) The clause shall not be used in contracts for information...

  17. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... requires services of an analytical nature (e.g., applied social science research); and (3) The contract... Officer shall use the basic clause for cost type contracts for the services described in paragraph (a) of this section. The clause shall be used with its alternate for fixed-price type contracts for...

  18. 48 CFR 2035.70 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... insert the following clause in all solicitations and contracts for research and development by private contractors and universities and for other technical services, as appropriate: (1) Section...

  19. Contracting and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferris, James M.

    1991-01-01

    The potential gains in efficiency of three types of contracts in college administration are contrasted. Contract types include explicit contracts in the budgeting process between the state and higher education institutions; institutional contracting for inputs; and interinstitutional contracting. The tradeoff between production cost savings and…

  20. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review No. 80. Quarterly report, July--September, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-01

    This report contains information on petroleum enhanced recovery projects. In addition to project descriptions, contract numbers, principal investigators and project management information is included.

  1. Final report for contract research on electrochemical capacitors based on conducting polymers, January 15--August 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Ferraris, J.P.

    1992-10-22

    Conducting polymers (CPs) have attracted attention as potentially useful materials for electrochemical capacitors due to their high energy storage capacity and their comparatively low cost. During the course of this research the authors explored a number of poly(heteroaromatic) systems, in conjunction with several nonaqueous electrolytes, that could be used as active materials in electrochemical capacitors. They identified a new configuration for such capacitors based on p- and n-dopable polymers and prepared a number4r of such materials. A new electrolyte, TMATFMS, which facilitates n-doping in these polymers was also synthesized and tested. A patent disclosure on these discoveries has been filed with Mr. Ray Wilson of LANL.

  2. 48 CFR 1335.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... research involving human subjects to be carried out in performance of the award is exempt from15 CFR Part... Subjects, that the research involving human subjects is not exempt from the requirements of 15 CFR Part 27... contract type. 1335.006 Section 1335.006 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF...

  3. Activities of the Oil Implementation Task Force, reporting period March--August 1991; Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery, reporting period October--December 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    Activities of DOE's Oil Implementation Task Force for the period March--August 1991 are reviewed. Contracts for fields projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery are discussed, with a list of related publications given. Enhanced recovery processes covered include chemical flooding, gas displacement, thermal recovery, and microbial recovery.

  4. 48 CFR 4.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.803 Contents of contract files. The following are examples of... the type and extent of market research conducted. (7) Government estimate of contract price. (8) A... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contents of contract...

  5. 48 CFR 4.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.803 Contents of contract files. The following are examples of... the type and extent of market research conducted. (7) Government estimate of contract price. (8) A... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contents of contract...

  6. 48 CFR 4.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.803 Contents of contract files. The following are examples of... the type and extent of market research conducted. (7) Government estimate of contract price. (8) A... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contents of contract...

  7. 48 CFR 4.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.803 Contents of contract files. The following are examples of... the type and extent of market research conducted. (7) Government estimate of contract price. (8) A... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contents of contract...

  8. 48 CFR 45.107 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Alternate II when a contract for the conduct of basic or applied research at nonprofit institutions of higher education or at nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is the conduct of scientific research (see 35.014) is contemplated. (b) The contracting officer shall also insert the clause at...

  9. 48 CFR 45.107 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Alternate II when a contract for the conduct of basic or applied research at nonprofit institutions of higher education or at nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is the conduct of scientific research (see 35.014) is contemplated. (b) The contracting officer shall also insert the clause at...

  10. Permeability and Strength Measurements on Sintered, Porous, Hollow Turbine Blades Made by the American Electro Metal Corporation under Office of Naval Research Contract N-ONR-295 (01)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richards, Hadley T.; Livingood, N.B.

    1954-01-01

    An experimental investigation was made to determine the permeability and strength characteristics of a number of sintered, porous, hollow turbine rotor blades and to determine the effectiveness of the blade fabrication method on permeability control. The test blades were fabricated by the American Electro Metal Corporation under a contract with the Office of Naval Research, Department of the Navy, and were submitted to the NACA for testing. Of the 22 test blades submitted, ten were sintered but not coined, five were sintered and coined, and seven were sintered and not coined but contained perforated reinforcements integral with the blade shells. Representative samples of each group of blades were tested. Large variations in permeability in both chordwise and spanwise directions were found. Local deviations as large as 155 to -85 percent from prescribed values were found in chordwise permeability. Only one blade, an uncoined one, had a chordwise permeability variations which reasonably approached that specified. Even for this blade, local deviations exceeded 10 percent. Spanwise permeability, specified to be held constant, varied as much as 50 percent from root to tip for both an uncoined and a coined blade. Previous NACA analyses have shown that in order to maintain proper control of blade wall temperatures, permeability variations must not exceed plus or minus 10 percent. Satisfactory control of permeability in either the chordwise or the spanwise direction was not achieved in the blades tested. Spin tests made at room temperature for six blades revealed the highest material rupture strength to be 8926 pounds per square inch. This value is about one third the strength required for rotor blades in present-day turbojet engines. The lowest value of blade strength was 1436 pounds per square inch.

  11. Reviving Ulysses contracts.

    PubMed

    Spellecy, Ryan

    2003-12-01

    Ulysses contracts have faced paternalism objections since they first were proposed. Since the contracts are designed to override a present request from a legally competent patient in favor of a past request made by that patient, enforcement of these contracts was argued to be unjustifiable strong paternalism. Recent legal developments and new theories of practical reasoning suggest that the discussion of Ulysses contracts should be revived. This paper argues that with a proper understanding of the future-directed planning embodied in Ulysses contracts, the charge of strong paternalism can be answered, and the enforcement of some Ulysses contracts may be justified under the rubric of weak paternalism.

  12. Jazzing up the Psychological Contract

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, Nell Tabor

    2010-01-01

    Helping students and practitioners to understand and utilize the Psychological Contract is often a difficult task. Unlike fault-finding research, this paper presents the PC as a positive, vibrant and valuable tool. In an effort to make the concept less elusive, the paper draws upon the metaphor of jazz. The metaphor is an accepted tool of…

  13. Court Cases Involving Contracts for School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, L. Hank

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to analyze trends in the United States regarding contract disputes that exist in school districts. Court cases were identified at the state and federal level to determine the outcomes and the fact patterns of contract disputes. To gain the knowledge of how courts handle cases of contractual breach, contracts…

  14. 48 CFR 45.107 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... education or at nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is the conduct of scientific research (see 35... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clauses. 45.107 Section 45.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT...

  15. 40 CFR 35.6595 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Actions Procurement Requirements Under A Cooperative Agreement § 35.6595 Contract provisions. (a) General... energy efficiency contained in the State's energy conservation plan, which is issued under 10 CFR part... regulations pertaining to reporting and patent rights under any contract involving research,...

  16. Teaching about Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Michael; Kosnoff, Kathy

    1978-01-01

    Presents teaching strategies for introducing high school students to contract law. Offers as a case study a contract agreement between pro football players and team owners. Stresses basic elements of contracts (offer, acceptance, consideration, and understanding the bargaining process). Journal available from the American Bar Association, 1155…

  17. The Joy of Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hegarty, Kevin

    This paper is a practical guide that explains and illustrates contracts between libraries and vendors for computerized circulation systems. It describes the elements of a typical contract to include the equipment and services that should be specified in the contract and establishes scheduling and acceptance testing needs. Included in a contract…

  18. Contracting for Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Robin E.; Nord, Roy

    1982-01-01

    The major steps a college should undertake in contracting for services, including the initial determination as to whether or not contracting is the best way to provide a particular service, are described. Three general activities that apply to decisions about contracting in most circumstances are: investigating service characteristics; identifying…

  19. Russian Teaching Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Betsy

    2000-01-01

    Analyzes two Russian teaching contracts, rhetorically comparing purpose and audience, culture, gender, and the role of the individual versus the state. Uses anecdotal episodes as a framework for examining Russian culture and analyzing university teaching contracts, concluding that the contracts are not only brief and factual but also reflect a…

  20. Development and Demonstration of Energy Savings Perform Contracting Methodologies for Hydroelectric Facilities: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-309

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, K.

    2012-04-01

    This CRADA explores the opportunities and challenges of funding federal hydro dam refurbishment projects through ESPCs. It assesses legal authorities for rehabilitating dams through ESPCs; roles and responsibilities of each party including the dam owner, Power Marketing Administration (PMA), ESCO, and preference customers; potential contract structure and flow of money; measurement and verification processes; risk and responsibility allocation; and financial viability of projects.

  1. Issues in physician contracting.

    PubMed

    Fanburg, John D; Leone, Alyson M

    2005-09-01

    Dermatologists will enter into a number of different contracts during their professional careers. It is important that in each agreement they enter, dermatologists reap the benefits that they aspire for and understand the consequences of each provision. This article addresses just a few of the different issues that arise in physician contracting, such as choosing the appropriate form of business entity; the importance of a writing; term and termination of the contract; compensation models; benefits, vacation and other time off included in the contract; malpractice insurance; and restrictive covenants. Each provision should be carefully analyzed to ensure that it will protect the best interests of the dermatologist in that situation. PMID:16202950

  2. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contract type. 235.006 Section 235.006 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... CONTRACTING 235.006 Contracting methods and contract type. (b)(i) For major defense acquisition programs as... award a fixed-price type contract for a development program effort unless— (1) The level of program...

  3. Performance Contracting Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wohlferd, Gerald H.

    Conclusions reached after three years of performance contracting experience and materials with which to judge the validity of the conclusions are presented in this overview of performance contracting. The conclusions are: (1) commercial firms are no better at teaching children than are public schools; (2) commercial firms expend as much or more…

  4. The New Employment Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, David I.

    2002-01-01

    In the classic employment contract, especially at large companies, wages were not strongly responsive to the labor market. Instead, individual companies had distinctive company wage levels and patterns. An exhaustive study of employers and employees in the United States and Japan examined whether the "old employment contract" has been replaced.…

  5. Contracting for Telecommunications Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brautigam, Arthur W.

    1984-01-01

    Reasons for changing telephone systems at colleges and universities and the preparation and evaluation of requests for proposals (RFP) are discussed. The negotiation and monitoring of the contract are also addressed. It is noted that contracting for a new telecommunications system is extremely complex. Reasons for changing systems include cost…

  6. Whither Performance Contracting?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Norman S.

    This report describes briefly performance contracts; discusses their shortcomings, pitfalls, and advantages; and gives some insight into the future development of this new concept. Two shortcomings of performance contracting include (1) teaching to the test and (2) board abdication of its responsibility for making final decisions about educational…

  7. 48 CFR 801.603-70 - Representatives of contracting officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development.... (c) In the administration of research and development contracts, any representative appointed...

  8. Signaling in muscle contraction.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Ivana Y; Ehrlich, Barbara E

    2015-02-02

    Signaling pathways regulate contraction of striated (skeletal and cardiac) and smooth muscle. Although these are similar, there are striking differences in the pathways that can be attributed to the distinct functional roles of the different muscle types. Muscles contract in response to depolarization, activation of G-protein-coupled receptors and other stimuli. The actomyosin fibers responsible for contraction require an increase in the cytosolic levels of calcium, which signaling pathways induce by promoting influx from extracellular sources or release from intracellular stores. Rises in cytosolic calcium stimulate numerous downstream calcium-dependent signaling pathways, which can also regulate contraction. Alterations to the signaling pathways that initiate and sustain contraction and relaxation occur as a consequence of exercise and pathophysiological conditions.

  9. Mechanobiology of lymphatic contractions.

    PubMed

    Munn, Lance L

    2015-02-01

    The lymphatic system is responsible for controlling tissue fluid pressure by facilitating flow of lymph (i.e. the plasma and cells that enter the lymphatic system). Because lymph contains cells of the immune system, its transport is not only important for fluid homeostasis, but also immune function. Lymph drainage can occur via passive flow or active pumping, and much research has identified the key biochemical and mechanical factors that affect output. Although many studies and reviews have addressed how tissue properties and fluid mechanics (i.e. pressure gradients) affect lymph transport [1-3] there is less known about lymphatic mechanobiology. As opposed to passive mechanical properties, mechanobiology describes the active coupling of mechanical signals and biochemical pathways. Lymphatic vasomotion is the result of a fascinating system affected by mechanical forces exerted by the flowing lymph, including pressure-induced vessel stretch and flow-induced shear stresses. These forces can trigger or modulate biochemical pathways important for controlling the lymphatic contractions. Here, I review the current understanding of lymphatic vessel function, focusing on vessel mechanobiology, and summarize the prospects for a comprehensive understanding that integrates the mechanical and biomechanical control mechanisms in the lymphatic system.

  10. The Case for Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Sutherland; Wilson, Nancy

    1981-01-01

    Discussed the State of Colorado's introduction of performance contracting into its relationships with community mental health centers. Describes the nature of the contract and its implementation. Particular emphasis is placed on the implications of the contract for program evaluation. (Author)

  11. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery, October--December 1992. Progress review No. 73, quarter ending December 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    Accomplishments for this quarter ending December 31, 1992 are presented for the following tasks: chemical flooding--supporting research; gas displacement--supporting research; thermal recovery--supporting research; geoscience technology; resource assessment technology; microbial technology; reservoir classes; and novel technology.

  12. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery, July--September 1992. Progress review No. 72, quarter ending September 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following tasks: Chemical flooding--supporting research; gas displacement--supporting research; thermal recovery--supporting research; geoscience technology; resource assessment technology; microbial technology; and novel technology. A list of available publication is also provided.

  13. 48 CFR 232.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 232.617 Contract clause... personnel at civilian schools, colleges, and universities; (B) Basic agreements with telephone companies...

  14. Checking software contracts

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, R.; Maung, I.; Howse, J.; Heathcote, T.

    1995-12-31

    In object-oriented software, contracts between classes can be expressed in terms of preconditions, postconditions and invariants. In the programming language Eiffel, contracts can be checked at run-time. Within inheritance hierarchies, contracts can be used to control the redefinition of services. In Eiffel, the rules ensure that redefinition is safe in the presence of polymorphism and dynamic binding. This paper shows that Eiffel`s support for contracts can be extended, both to cover the polymorphic case more fully, and to cover other uses of inheritance, including its use for selectively reusing code from a parent class. The paper proposes that software designers should state what properties they claim for any uses of inheritance, in order that extra checks on consistency can be applied, and shows that some extra debugging power could be obtained easily, by changing only the run-time system for Eiffel, rather than the language itself.

  15. Mechanics of Vorticella Contraction

    PubMed Central

    Misra, Gaurav; Dickinson, Richard B.; Ladd, Anthony J.C.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Vorticella convallaria is one of a class of fast-moving organisms that can traverse its body size in less than a millisecond by rapidly coiling a slender stalk anchoring it to a nearby surface. The stalk houses a fiber called the spasmoneme, which winds helically within the stalk and rapidly contracts in response to calcium signaling. We have developed a coupled mechanical-chemical model of the coiling process, accounting for the coiling of the elastic stalk and the binding of calcium to the protein spasmin. Simulations of the model describe the contraction and recovery processes quantitatively. The stalk-spasmoneme system is shown to satisfy geometric constraints, which explains why the cell body sometimes rotates during contraction. The shape of the collapsing and recovering stalk bounds its effective bending stiffness. Simulations suggest that recovery from the contracted state is driven by the stalk at a rate controlled by dissociation of calcium from spasmin. PMID:20550905

  16. 3 CFR - Government Contracting

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... contract oversight could reduce such sums significantly. Government outsourcing for services also raises... governmental functions. Agencies and departments must operate under clear rules prescribing when outsourcing is... oversee acquisitions appropriately; and (4) clarify when governmental outsourcing for services is and...

  17. A Guide to Educational Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, G. R.; And Others

    This report is distilled from Rand's findings in previously reported research and from new research. It is addressed to school board members, administrators, and other educational decisionmakers who may be contemplating a performance contracting program. The guide follows the life cycle of a project and identifies the three major phases as…

  18. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery and improved drilling technology. Progress review No. 34, quarter ending March 31, 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Linville, B.

    1983-07-01

    Progress achieved for the quarter ending March 1983 are presented for field projects and supporting research for the following: chemical flooding; carbon dioxide injection; and thermal/heavy oil. In addition, progress reports are presented for: resource assessment technology; extraction technology; environmental and safety; microbial enhanced oil recovery; oil recovered by gravity mining; improved drilling technology; and general supporting research. (ATT)

  19. Affine Contractions on the Plane

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, D.; Ozdemir, Y.; Ureyen, M.

    2007-01-01

    Contractions play a considerable role in the theory of fractals. However, it is not easy to find contractions which are not similitudes. In this study, it is shown by counter examples that an affine transformation of the plane carrying a given triangle onto another triangle may not be a contraction even if it contracts edges, heights or medians.…

  20. Educational Performance Contracting. PREP-28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Practice Improvement.

    This document explicates what is involved in educational performance contracting. Four basic types of contracts can be used to procure goods and services: fixed and performance contracts for resources and fixed and performance contracts for results. The basic considerations in choice of type are risk, relative technologies, management skills…

  1. Service contract management and negotiation.

    PubMed

    Wickesser, T A

    1994-04-01

    Service contract management can have a profound impact on the life cycle cost and general performance of serviced equipment. Negotiating service contracts from the client's perspective can help to ensure that the facility is receiving the best possible service and terms during the contract period. This document shows examples of contract considerations.

  2. Options for change in the NHS consultant contract.

    PubMed Central

    Clarke, R. W.; Gray, C.

    1994-01-01

    The lead negotiators for the management and consultant sides in an NHS trust in northern England responded to debate in their trust about consultant contracts by offering to research the attitudes of their peers towards a variety of contract options. The options tested included the current contract; models already examined in the trust and elsewhere, such as time sensitive and mild performance related contracts; and some more radical and speculative possibilities, including consultants franchising their services to the trust. Beyond the predictable conclusion that consultants would prefer no change while managers desired it, a time sensitive contract emerged as having potential for successful negotiation. On the other hand, neither consultants nor managers favoured a strict performance related contract or a fee for service contract. There was a strong similarity of opinion between the two groups on the relative salary values of the options, though the consultants consistently priced these higher than the managers. PMID:8086915

  3. Activities of the Oil Implementation Task Force, December 1990--February 1991; Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery, April--June 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Tiedemann, H.A. )

    1991-03-01

    The Oil Implementation Task Force was appointed to implement the US DOE's new oil research program directed toward increasing domestic oil production by expanded research on near- or mid-term enhanced oil recovery methods. An added priority is to preserve access to reservoirs that have the largest potential for oil recovery, but that are threatened by the large number of wells abandoned each year. This report describes the progress of research activities in the following areas: chemical flooding; gas displacement; thermal recovery; resource assessment; microbial technology; geoscience technology; and environmental technology. (CK)

  4. Nested and Dynamic Contract Boundaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strickland, T. Stephen; Felleisen, Matthias

    Previous work on software contracts assumes fixed and statically known boundaries between the parties to a contract. Implementations of contract monitoring systems rely on this assumption to explain the nature of contract violations and to assign blame to violators. In this paper, we explain how to implement arbitrary, nested, and dynamic contract boundaries with two examples. First, we add nestable contract regions to a static, first-order module system. Second, we show that even a dynamic, higher-order, and hierarchical module system can be equipped with software contracts that support precise blame assignment.

  5. Financial Responsibility at Universities (Part 2). Hearing on Indirect Cost Recovery Practices at U.S. Universities for Federal Research Grants and Contracts, before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    In connection with its jurisdiction over biomedical research and development at higher education institutions, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce's Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations met a second time to hear testimony on abuses in the indirect cost recovery practices at universities for federal research grants and contracts. The…

  6. Consensus, contracts, and committees.

    PubMed

    Moreno, J D

    1991-08-01

    Following a brief account of the puzzle that ethics committees present for the Western Philosophical tradition, I will examine the possibility that social contract theory can contribute to a philosophical account of these committees. Passing through classical as well as contemporary theories, particularly Rawls' recent constructivist approach, I will argue that social contract theory places severe constraints on the authority that may legitimately be granted to ethics committees. This, I conclude, speaks more about the suitability of the theory to this level of analysis than about the ethics committee phenomenon itself.

  7. 48 CFR 417.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 417.204 Contracts. The head of the contracting activity is authorized to approve contracts which exceed the 5 year limitation in FAR 17.204(e)....

  8. Acting Out Muscle Contraction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Margaret

    2003-01-01

    Describes a science activity that can be implemented into anatomy and physiology courses that demonstrates the interactions between action and myosin, the roles of sodium and calcium ions in the regulation of contraction, and the functions of the plasma membrane and the sarcoplasmic reticulum. (YDS)

  9. Contracting for Audit Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heifetz, Harry S.

    1987-01-01

    The Single Audit Act of 1984 requires most school districts receiving over $25,000 in federal funds to undergo financial audits. This article highlights requirements for selecting certified public accountants to perform the audit and suggests factors to be considered before drafting a contract or letter of engagement. A sample letter is included.…

  10. Paradental Training Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This report describes institutional, faculty, and student activities and problems resulting from Lane Community College's acceptance of a federal contract to develop a paradental training program designed specifically to provide training/retraining required to quality military-trained dental corpsmen for examination by the Oregon State Board of…

  11. Copyright or Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okerson, Ann

    1997-01-01

    Most authors and publishers of electronic information believe that current copyright law does not address technical capabilities or reader uses and have turned to contracts or licenses to define the rights of owners and users. Discusses copyrights, fair use, and licenses and highlights licensing's unresolved issues: use and users; archiving;…

  12. Contracting for Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donald, Janet G.

    1976-01-01

    A learning contract is a document, drawn up by a student and his instructor or advisor that specifies what the student will learn, how this will be accomplished, within what period of time, and what the criteria of evaluation will be. The student and instructor agree upon specific objectives, resources to be used, and feedback sessions.…

  13. Contracting for Classroom Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, John; Brown, Senn

    2000-01-01

    Like county governments, hospitals, and municipalities, superintendents must develop policies and protocols for requesting proposals, administering contracts, and ensuring desired results of private-sector services. Administrators should consider performance criteria, legal issues, cost and efficiency analysis, contractor evaluation criteria, and…

  14. Employee contract issues for dermatologists.

    PubMed

    Brown, Christopher E; Indest, George F

    2013-12-01

    Employees and employers routinely face negotiating and preparing physician employment contracts. It is important for both sides to know and understand the basic information on what a comprehensive employment contract for a dermatologist should contain. There are various employment contract provisions from both the employee's perspective and the employer's perspective that must be considered when preparing physician employment contracts. This article provides basic advice and recommendations on requirements that should be included in such contracts. It suggests legal pitfalls that can be avoided through various contract clauses.

  15. Employee contract issues for dermatologists.

    PubMed

    Brown, Christopher E; Indest, George F

    2013-12-01

    Employees and employers routinely face negotiating and preparing physician employment contracts. It is important for both sides to know and understand the basic information on what a comprehensive employment contract for a dermatologist should contain. There are various employment contract provisions from both the employee's perspective and the employer's perspective that must be considered when preparing physician employment contracts. This article provides basic advice and recommendations on requirements that should be included in such contracts. It suggests legal pitfalls that can be avoided through various contract clauses. PMID:24800433

  16. Physical sciences program area 1990 contract status report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolenc, D. A.

    1990-07-01

    The 1990 status of research contracts funded and managed by GRI's (Gas Research Institute) Physical Science Department is summarized. Eleven research areas are grouped according to the elements of GRI's mission: gas supply options (geosciences, advanced gas separation science and technology); end use (combustion, heat and mass transfer science, energy conversion fundamentals, high-temperature materials, and methane reaction science); gas operations (piping materials research, gas flow research); and crosscutting research (properties research, exploratory concepts). The description of each contract includes the reasons for funding the research, its objectives, and a statement of accomplishments.

  17. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND...

  18. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND...

  19. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND...

  20. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND...

  1. 7 CFR 1210.504 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contracts. 1210.504 Section 1210.504 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND...

  2. 48 CFR 46.710 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... and Equipment under Performance Specifications or Design Criteria, in solicitations and contracts when performance specifications or design are of major importance; a fixed-price supply, service, or research and... clause at 52.246-19, Warranty of Systems and Equipment under Performance Specifications or...

  3. A Theory of Tenure-Track Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cater, Bruce; Lew, Byron; Smith, Barry

    2008-01-01

    This paper offers an explanation of the use of tenure-track contracts in academia. It argues that, because the results of academic research cannot be sold, a professor's profitability depends on the market value of the instruction he or she provides. But because that value depends directly on the extent of his or her observable research…

  4. 48 CFR 17.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... that are not available in the fiscal year in which the contract would otherwise be completed. (e... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 17.204 Contracts. (a) The contract shall specify limits... contract, including any extension. (b) The contract shall state the period within which the option may...

  5. 48 CFR 16.302 - Cost contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost contracts. 16.302... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.302 Cost contracts. (a) Description. A cost contract is a cost-reimbursement contract in which the contractor receives no fee....

  6. 48 CFR 16.302 - Cost contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost contracts. 16.302... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.302 Cost contracts. (a) Description. A cost contract is a cost-reimbursement contract in which the contractor receives no fee....

  7. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  8. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  9. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  10. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  11. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  12. 17 CFR Appendix C - Demonstration of Compliance That a Contract Is Not Readily Susceptible to Manipulation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... research so that the contract design meets the risk management needs of prospective users and promotes... contract markets should derive a quantitative estimate of the deliverable supplies for the delivery...

  13. An analysis of cost overruns on defense acquisition contracts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christensen, David S.

    1994-01-01

    This article examines the history of cost overruns reported on 64 completed defense contracts. Its purpose is to formally test the observation of the Under Secretary. Results confirm the observation at the 95 percent level of confidence, and were generally insensitive to the contract type (price, cost), the contract phase (development, production), the type of weapon system (air, ground, sea), and the armed forces service (Air Force, Army, Navy) that managed the contract. After a review of terminology, concepts, and related research for those unfamiliar with the area, the methodology, results, and managerial implications are described.

  14. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    SciTech Connect

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  15. Performance Contracting: Making It Legal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Reed

    1971-01-01

    Discusses the possible limits on the legal authority of a school to contract with private enterprise for instructional services. The proper procedure for entering into such a contract is discussed. (JF)

  16. 48 CFR 9.702 - Contracting with pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contracting with pools. 9... PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.702 Contracting with pools. (a) Except as specified in this subpart, a pool shall be treated the same as any...

  17. 48 CFR 9.702 - Contracting with pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contracting with pools. 9... PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.702 Contracting with pools. (a) Except as specified in this subpart, a pool shall be treated the same as any...

  18. 48 CFR 9.702 - Contracting with pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contracting with pools. 9... PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.702 Contracting with pools. (a) Except as specified in this subpart, a pool shall be treated the same as any...

  19. 48 CFR 9.702 - Contracting with pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contracting with pools. 9... PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.702 Contracting with pools. (a) Except as specified in this subpart, a pool shall be treated the same as any...

  20. 48 CFR 437.104 - Personal services contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 706(a) of the Organic Act of 1944 (7 U.S.C. 2225) authorizes contracting with persons or organizations on a temporary basis, without regard to civil service compensation classification standards in 5 U.S... contract with technically qualified persons, firms or organizations to perform research,...

  1. 48 CFR 16.104 - Factors in selecting contract types.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... provide the bases for negotiating contract pricing arrangements. It is essential that the uncertainties... research and development contracts, when performance uncertainties or the likelihood of changes makes it... performance. (g) Period of performance or length of production run. In times of economic...

  2. 48 CFR 16.104 - Factors in selecting contract types.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... provide the bases for negotiating contract pricing arrangements. It is essential that the uncertainties... research and development contracts, when performance uncertainties or the likelihood of changes makes it... performance. (g) Period of performance or length of production run. In times of economic...

  3. 48 CFR 16.104 - Factors in selecting contract types.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... provide the bases for negotiating contract pricing arrangements. It is essential that the uncertainties... research and development contracts, when performance uncertainties or the likelihood of changes makes it... performance. (g) Period of performance or length of production run. In times of economic...

  4. 48 CFR 9.702 - Contracting with pools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracting with pools. 9... PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.702 Contracting with pools. (a) Except as specified in this subpart, a pool shall be treated the same as any...

  5. Turnaround Time and Market Capacity in Contract Cheating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Melisa J.; Newton, Philip M.

    2014-01-01

    Contract cheating is the process whereby students auction off the opportunity for others to complete assignments for them. It is an apparently widespread yet under-researched problem. One suggested strategy to prevent contract cheating is to shorten the turnaround time between the release of assignment details and the submission date, thus making…

  6. A Critical Analysis of Football Bowl Subdivision Coaching Contract Components

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Justin Keith

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study is designed to inventory and analyze contract components used by Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) institutions in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) to further contribute to the body research. The FBS is comprised of 120 institutions and 94 of those institutions submitted contracts to "USA Today"…

  7. Contracts for dispatchable power

    SciTech Connect

    Kahn, E.P.; Stoft, S.; Marnay, C.; Berman, D.

    1990-10-01

    Competitive bidding for electric power is maturing. Increasing numbers of utilities are soliciting proposals from private suppliers. The amount of capacity being sought is increasing, and potential suppliers appear to be abundant. Analysis of these developments still remains limited. Evidence on the behavior of this market is scarce and sketchy. The underlying economic principles that are shaping the market have not clearly been articulated. In this report we examine the economics of competitive bidding both empirically and analytically. Previous study of this market has focused on the evaluation criteria specified in Requests for Proposals (RFPs), and highly aggregated summary statistics on participation and results. We continue the examination of RFPs, but also survey the details of long term contracts that have emerged from competitive bidding. Contracts provide a new level of specific detail that has not been previously available. 68 refs., 13 figs., 25 tabs.

  8. Russian Contract Procurement Document

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, J G

    2010-03-29

    This contract supports the enhancement of physical protection or nuclear material control and accounting systems at institutes or enterprises of the newly independent states under the material protection control and accounting (MPC&A) program. The contract is entered into pursuant to the MPC&A Program, a gratuitous technical assistance program, in accordance with the bilateral Agreements between the Russian Federation and the United States of America concerning the Safe and Secure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and the Prevention of Weapons Proliferation of June 1992, as extended and amended by Protocol signed of June 1999, Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation regarding Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Materials Physical Protection, Control and Accounting of October 1999 and the Russian Federation law of May 1999 on the taxation exemption of gratuitous technical assistance with Russian Federation under registration No.DOE001000.

  9. Elements of gas contracts

    SciTech Connect

    O`Neal, J.

    1995-12-01

    The gas marketing scene has taken on a new look from the days of the {open_quotes}Long Term{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}Life of Lease{close_quotes} Contracts. In the past natural gas was of ten sold direct from the wellhead or a producer-owned facility to a pipeline company at a flat rate price and the only parties involved were producer or seller and buyer. Today, the parties involved in the marketing process might include a gathering entity to gather gas at a central point and provide gathering, compression and/or dehydration services; multiple pipeline companies for transportation; sales representatives or marketing brokers to negotiate a sale of the available gas on a monthly basis; and purchasers or end users. New terms have also been introduced in the process such as: {open_quotes}LDC{close_quotes} (local distribution company), {open_quotes}FERC Order 636{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Price Delivered-to-Pipeline{close_quotes} and the various {open_quotes}levels of Service{close_quotes} under Gas Sales and Purchase Agreements. Four common levels of service are: {open_quotes}Firm{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Baseload{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Swing{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Baseload/Operational{close_quotes}. It is evident that current marketing plans often require a separate contract for each service or commitment. Contract contents vary greatly, but most contain the following elements.

  10. Health Contract in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haber, David

    2007-01-01

    A health contract is a technique used by health professionals to help clients achieve a health goal. This article describes a course, "Changing Health Behaviors," in which a health contract strategy is taught and practiced with older adults. The health contract can also be included as a smaller educational component within a gerontology course…

  11. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management... Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form...

  12. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management... Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form...

  13. Electrically stimulated contractions of Vorticella convallaria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantha, Deependra; van Winkle, David

    2009-03-01

    The contraction of Vorticella convallaria was triggered by applying a voltage pulse in its host culturing medium. The 50V, 1ms wide pulse was applied across platinum wires separated by 0.7 cm on a microscope slide. The contractions were recorded as cines (image sequences) by a Phantom V5 camera (Vision Research) on a bright field microscope with 20X objective, with the image size of 256 pixels x 128 pixels at 7352 pictures per second. The starting time of the cines was synchronized with the starting of the electrical pulse. We recorded five contractions of each of 12 organisms. The cines were analyzed to obtain the initiation time, defined as the difference in time between the leading edge of the electrical pulse and the first frame showing zooid movement. From multiple contractions of same organism, we found the initiation time is reproducible. In comparing different organisms, we found the average initiation time of 1.73 ms with a standard deviation of 0.63 ms. This research is supported by the state of Florida (MARTECH) and Research Corporation.

  14. Reducing arthroplasty costs via vendor contracts

    PubMed Central

    Johnston, D. William C.; Beaupré, Lauren A.; Davies, Donna M.; Hessels, Rick

    1999-01-01

    Objective To describe a method of reducing the costs of implants in hip and knee arthroplasty. Design Implant costs were compared before and after the implementation of a 2-year contract with implant vendors, providing increased volume for decreased implant cost. An additional 20% of arthroplasties could be done outside the contract for research or special purposes. Setting A regional health authority involving 2 acute care hospitals. Method Costs were obtained for 942 hip and knee arthroplasties performed in 1993/94 and compared with costs of 1656 hip and knee arthroplasties performed in 1996/97. Outcome Measures Implant cost and number of joint arthroplasty procedures performed. Results A 40% decrease in the cost per implant for primary knee arthroplasty and an 18% decrease in the cost per implant for primary hip arthroplasty were achieved. A rebate, calculated as a percentage of volume used, was received from the vendor to support general orthopedic research and education. A new contract for 3 years has recently been signed with 3 vendors designated as primary vendors for 80% of the volume. Conclusion The vendor-contract economic strategy effectively reduced the cost of hip and knee arthroplasty and may be useful at other centres looking for cost reduction methods that maintain adequate patient care and support clinical research and education. PMID:10593246

  15. Performance-Driven Interface Contract Enforcement for Scientific Components

    SciTech Connect

    Dahlgren, Tamara Lynn

    2008-01-01

    Performance-driven interface contract enforcement research aims to improve the quality of programs built from plug-and-play scientific components. Interface contracts make the obligations on the caller and all implementations of the specified methods explicit. Runtime contract enforcement is a well-known technique for enhancing testing and debugging. However, checking all of the associated constraints during deployment is generally considered too costly from a performance stand point. Previous solutions enforced subsets of constraints without explicit consideration of their performance implications. Hence, this research measures the impacts of different interface contract sampling strategies and compares results with new techniques driven by execution time estimates. Results from three studies indicate automatically adjusting the level of checking based on performance constraints improves the likelihood of detecting contract violations under certain circumstances. Specifically, performance-driven enforcement is better suited to programs exercising constraints whose costs are at most moderately expensive relative to normal program execution.

  16. Active Contraction of Microtubule Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, Peter; Fürthauer, Sebastian; Shelley, Michael; Needleman, Daniel

    Many cellular processes are driven by cytoskeletal assemblies. It remains unclear how cytoskeletal filaments and motor proteins organize into cellular scale structures and how molecular properties of cytoskeletal components affect the large scale behaviors of these systems. Here we investigate the self-organization of stabilized microtubules in Xenopus oocyte extracts and find that they can form macroscopic networks that spontaneously contract. We propose that these contractions are driven by the clustering of microtubule minus ends by dynein. Based on this idea, we construct an active fluid theory of network contractions which predicts a dependence of the timescale of contraction on initial network geometry, a development of density inhomogeneities during contraction, a constant final network density, and a strong influence of dynein inhibition on the rate of contraction, all in quantitative agreement with experiments. These results demonstrate that the motor-driven clustering of filament ends is a generic mechanism leading to contraction.

  17. 42 CFR 434.6 - General requirements for all contracts and subcontracts. P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contracts and subcontracts.P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under this part must include all of the following: (1) Include provisions that define a sound and complete procurement contract, as required by 45 CFR... subcontracts. P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under this part must include all of the following: 434.6...

  18. The Lanthanide Contraction Revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Seitz, Michael; Oliver, Allen G.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2007-04-19

    A complete, isostructural series of lanthanide complexes (except Pm) with the ligand TREN-1,2-HOIQO has been synthesized and structurally characterized by means of single-crystal X-ray analysis. All complexes are 1D-polymeric species in the solid state, with the lanthanide being in an eight-coordinate, distorted trigonal-dodecahedral environment with a donor set of eight unique oxygen atoms. This series constitutes the first complete set of isostructural lanthanide complexes with a ligand of denticity greater than two. The geometric arrangement of the chelating moieties slightly deviates across the lanthanide series, as analyzed by a shape parameter metric based on the comparison of the dihedral angles along all edges of the coordination polyhedron. The apparent lanthanide contraction in the individual Ln-O bond lengths deviates considerably from the expected quadratic decrease that was found previously in a number of complexes with ligands of low denticity. The sum of all bond lengths around the trivalent metal cation, however, is more regular, showing an almost ideal quadratic behavior across the entire series. The quadratic nature of the lanthanide contraction is derived theoretically from Slater's model for the calculation of ionic radii. In addition, the sum of all distances along the edges of the coordination polyhedron show exactly the same quadratic dependency as the Ln-X bond lengths. The universal validity of this coordination sphere contraction, concomitant with the quadratic decrease in Ln-X bond lengths, was confirmed by reexamination of four other, previously published, almost complete series of lanthanide complexes. Due to the importance of multidentate ligands for the chelation of rare-earth metals, this result provides a significant advance for the prediction and rationalization of the geometric features of the corresponding lanthanide complexes, with great potential impact for all aspects of lanthanide coordination.

  19. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Production Surveillance and Reporting 2442.1107 Contract clause... value of $500,000 or less. (d) The clause shall not be used in contracts for information...

  20. 48 CFR 39.107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.107 Contract clause. The contracting officer..., in solicitations and contracts for information technology which require security of information... information technology services or support services....

  1. 48 CFR 2415.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 2415.204 Contract format. (e) The cognizant HCA shall be responsible for making...

  2. 48 CFR 517.109 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Multiyear Contracting 517.109 Contract clauses. Use of... by 40 U.S.C. 490(a)(14) for maintenance and repair of fixed equipment in federally-owned...

  3. 48 CFR 2417.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 2417.204 Contracts. (e) The Senior Procurement Executive shall approve any solicitation or contract which exceeds the five (5) year maximum...

  4. 48 CFR 2132.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 2132.617 Contract clause. The clause at FAR 52.232-17 is modified in FEGLI Program...

  5. 48 CFR 1632.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 1632.617 Contract clause. The clause at (FAR) 48 CFR 52.232-17 will be modified in all FEHBP...

  6. Hedgehogs, Foxes, Ethics, and the Evolving Social Contract in Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosnow, Ralph L.

    This paper discusses the importance of ethics in psychological research. It defines the social contract between psychological science and society as the responsibility not to do psychological or physical harm to any research participants and to do beneficial research in a way that will produce valid research. Also explored are ways in which…

  7. 48 CFR 315.209 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 315.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (a) The Contracting...

  8. 48 CFR 15.204-1 - Uniform contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 15.204-1 Uniform contract format. (a) Contracting officers shall prepare solicitations...

  9. TraceContract

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kavelund, Klaus; Barringer, Howard

    2012-01-01

    TraceContract is an API (Application Programming Interface) for trace analysis. A trace is a sequence of events, and can, for example, be generated by a running program, instrumented appropriately to generate events. An event can be any data object. An example of a trace is a log file containing events that a programmer has found important to record during a program execution. Trace - Contract takes as input such a trace together with a specification formulated using the API and reports on any violations of the specification, potentially calling code (reactions) to be executed when violations are detected. The software is developed as an internal DSL (Domain Specific Language) in the Scala programming language. Scala is a relatively new programming language that is specifically convenient for defining such internal DSLs due to a number of language characteristics. This includes Scala s elegant combination of object-oriented and functional programming, a succinct notation, and an advanced type system. The DSL offers a combination of data-parameterized state machines and temporal logic, which is novel. As an extension of Scala, it is a very expressive and convenient log file analysis framework.

  10. Earth resources-regional transfer activity contracts review

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bensko, J., Jr.; Daniels, J. L.; Downs, S. W., Jr.; Jones, N. L.; Morton, R. R.; Paludan, C. T.

    1977-01-01

    A regional transfer activity contracts review held by the Earth Resources Office was summarized. Contracts in the earth resources field primarily directed toward applications of satellite data and technology in solution of state and regional problems were reviewed. A summary of the progress of each contract was given in order to share experiences of researchers across a seven state region. The region included Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina. Research in several earth science disciplines included forestry, limnology, water resources, land use, geology, and mathematical modeling. The use of computers for establishment of information retrieval systems was also emphasized.

  11. 48 CFR 1517.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 1517.204 Section 1517.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1517.204 Contracts. The SCM may approve a contract...

  12. 48 CFR 817.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 817.204 Contracts. (a) The contracting officer must obtain the approval of the DSPE before awarding a contract that includes options exceeding the 5-year limitation specified in FAR 17.204(e). This requirement does not apply to contracts to be awarded by or...

  13. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 4.802... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the...

  14. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause....

  15. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause....

  16. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clause....

  17. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the award... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract files....

  18. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clause....

  19. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the award... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract files....

  20. 48 CFR 32.611 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 32.611 Section 32.611 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 32.611 Contract clause. (a) The contracting officer shall...

  1. 48 CFR 3416.307 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 3416.307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 3416.307 Contract clauses. (a) If the clause in FAR 52.216-7, Allowable cost and Payment, is used in a contract with...

  2. 48 CFR 1316.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1316.406 Section 1316.406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1316.406 Contract clauses. Insert a...

  3. 48 CFR 716.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 716.406 Section 716.406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts 716.406 Contract clauses....

  4. Psychological contract types as moderator in the breach-violation and violation-burnout relationships.

    PubMed

    Jamil, Amber; Raja, Usman; Darr, Wendy

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the relationships between perceived psychological contract breach, felt violation, and burnout in a sample (n = 361) of employees from various organizations in Pakistan. The moderating role of contract types in these relationships was also tested. Findings supported a positive association between perceived psychological contract breach and felt violation and both were positively related to burnout. Transactional and relational contracts moderated the felt violation-burnout relationship. Scores on relational contract type tended to be higher than for transactional contract type showing some contextual influence.

  5. 48 CFR 1852.219-85 - Conditions for final payment-SBIR and STTR contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... employment of the principal investigator (PI) identified in this SBIR contract was with the Contractor... number); and 7. For STTR contracts: The primary employment of the principal investigator (PI) identified in this STTR contract was the SBC/Contractor or the research institution (RI). The PI identified...

  6. Uterine Contraction Modeling and Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Miao; Belfore, Lee A.; Shen, Yuzhong; Scerbo, Mark W.

    2010-01-01

    Building a training system for medical personnel to properly interpret fetal heart rate tracing requires developing accurate models that can relate various signal patterns to certain pathologies. In addition to modeling the fetal heart rate signal itself, the change of uterine pressure that bears strong relation to fetal heart rate and provides indications of maternal and fetal status should also be considered. In this work, we have developed a group of parametric models to simulate uterine contractions during labor and delivery. Through analysis of real patient records, we propose to model uterine contraction signals by three major components: regular contractions, impulsive noise caused by fetal movements, and low amplitude noise invoked by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus. The regular contractions are modeled by an asymmetric generalized Gaussian function and least squares estimation is used to compute the parameter values of the asymmetric generalized Gaussian function based on uterine contractions of real patients. Regular contractions are detected based on thresholding and derivative analysis of uterine contractions. Impulsive noise caused by fetal movements and low amplitude noise by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus are modeled by rational polynomial functions and Perlin noise, respectively. Experiment results show the synthesized uterine contractions can mimic the real uterine contractions realistically, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  7. Photovoltaic energy: Contract list, fiscal year 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-07-01

    The federal government has conducted the National Photovoltaics Program since 1975. Its purpose is to provide focus, direction, and funding for the development of terrestrial photovoltaic technology as an energy option for the United States. In the past, a summary was prepared each year to provide an overview of the government-funded activities within the National Photovoltaics Program. Tasks conducted in-house by participating national laboratories or under contract by industrial, academic, and other research institutes were highlighted. This year's document is more concise than the summaries of previous years. The FY 1990 contract overview comprises a list of all subcontracts begun, ongoing, or completed by Sandia National Laboratory or the Solar Energy Research Institute during FY 1990 (October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1990). Under each managing laboratory, projects are listed alphabetically by project area and then by subcontractor name.

  8. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  9. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  10. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  11. Moment-angle relations in the initial time of contraction.

    PubMed

    Rousanoglou, E N; Herzog, W; Boudolos, K D

    2010-09-01

    Standard moment-angle relations are typically obtained for values at maximum of contraction. Muscle properties for contraction times, similar to the short times of powerful athletic activities, may be more important than muscle properties that are obtained at maximum (TMAX) of contraction. The research question was whether moment-angle relations obtained during the initial time course of contraction are linearly scaled reflections of moment-angle relations obtained at maximum of contraction. The isometric moment of the knee extensor and the electromyographic activity (EMG) of the knee extensor and flexor muscles were measured at 9 knee angles in 22 elite female track and field jumpers. Absolute moments (Nm), relative moments (%TMAX) and EMG integrals were determined at 30 ms, 50 ms, 150 ms and 200 ms from the onset of contraction and at maximum. For moment-angle relations obtained during the initial time course of contraction, there was a shift of the optimum knee angle to a more extended knee. During the initial time course of the contraction, %TMAX moment was greater near full knee extension. The EMG activity was the same across knee angles. The results may have important practical implications for muscular force evaluation for activities where maximum force production is coupled to a short activation time.

  12. Two Views on Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lurie, Sylvia; Smith, Kenneth

    1996-01-01

    North Chicago, Illinois, District 187, received a districtwide overhaul of lighting, heating, ventilation, and security systems through a 10-year performance contract with the Honeywell Corporation. The Briarcliff Manor Union-Free School District, New York, has a contract with Johnson Controls that guarantees a portion of the energy savings…

  13. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIVE TRACKING SYSTEM (CATS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Contract Administrative Tracking System (CATS) was developed in response to an ORD NHEERL, Mid-Continent Ecology Division (MED)-recognized need for an automated tracking and retrieval system for Cost Reimbursable Level of Effort (CR/LOE) Contracts. CATS is an Oracle-based app...

  14. Contract Education: A Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Academic Senate.

    Today contract education is generally thought of as a program or course for which an employer is paying the full cost of instruction for customized training. Contract education can help faculty remain current, encourage industry to make equipment available to the college that might otherwise be too expensive, and provide employment opportunities…

  15. Teaching History via Learning Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Jack D.; And Others

    Contract learning is particularly suitable for teaching both the content and methodology of history in a college level, learner-centered, individualized format. Typically, a learning contract has three components. The first deals with the student's goals and objectives. The second component involves identification of the learning resources and…

  16. Contract Schools. Trends and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This article examines contract schools and their influence on U.S. education. Schools that are contracted out may be viewed as a privatization development that both parallels and builds upon the charter-school movement. They can be defined as publicly funded schools operated by an independent group of teachers and administrators under a contract…

  17. Policing Mechanisms in Agricultural Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Steven; Hueth, Brent; Ligon, Ethan

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we focus on mechanisms of coordination in agricultural contracts. Our approach is intended to advance understanding of social relations of production and distribution of power in agrofood systems. Through an analysis of contracts between farmers and intermediaries (e.g., processors, shippers, consignment agents) for California fruits…

  18. Contracting Arrangements in Children's Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ainsworth, Frank

    1994-01-01

    Reports on the results of a study undertaken in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts in 1992 of the use of contracting arrangements in children's services. Highlights the positive and negative aspects of contracting for both contractors and providers, and discusses the impact of this approach for the traditional differentiation between nongovernmental…

  19. Landsat 6 contract signed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maggs, William Ward

    A new agreement provides $220 million for development and construction of the Landsat 6 remote sensing satellite and its ground systems. The contract, signed on March 31, 1988, by the Department of Commerce (DOC) and the Earth Observation Satellite (EOSAT) Company of Lanham, Md., came just days after approval of DOC's Landsat commercialization plan by subcommittees of the House and Senate appropriations committees.The Landsat 6 spacecraft is due to be launched into orbit on a Titan II rocket in June 1991 from Vandenburg Air Force Base, Calif. The satellite will carry an Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) sensor, an instrument sensitive to electromagnetic radiation in seven ranges or bands of wavelengths. The satellite's payload will also include the Sea Wide Field Sensor (Sea-WiFS), designed to provide information on sea surface temperature and ocean color. The sensor is being developed in a cooperative effort by EOSAT and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A less certain passenger is a proposed 5-m resolution, three-band sensor sensitive to visible light. EOSAT is trying to find both private financing for the device and potential buyers of the high-resolution imagery that it could produce. The company has been actively courting U.S. television networks, which have in the past used imagery from the European Système Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre (SPOT) satellite for news coverage.

  20. INFINITY construction contract signed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    Key state and community leaders celebrated April 6 with the signing of a construction contract for the state-of-the-art INFINITY Science Center planned near John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi. Gulfport Mayor George Schloegel (l to r), chair of non-profit INFINITY Science Center Inc., was joined for the signing ceremony at the Hancock Bank in Gulfport by Virginia Wagner, sister of late Hancock Bank President Leo Seal Jr.; and Roy Anderson III, president and CEO of Roy Anderson Corp. Seal was the first chair of INFINITY Science Center Inc., which has led in development of the project. Roy Anderson Corp. plans to begin construction on the 72,000-square-foot, $28 million science and education center in May. The Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) also is set to begin construction of a $2 million access road to the new center. The April 6 ceremony was attended by numerous officials, including former Stennis Space Center Directors Jerry Hlass and Roy Estess; Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore Billy Hewes, R-Gulfport; Mississippi Rep. Diane Peranich, D-Pass Christian; and MDOT Southern District Commissioner Wayne Brown.

  1. 48 CFR 3443.106 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 3443.106 Section 3443.106 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS 3443.106 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall...

  2. 48 CFR 1532.908 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1532.908 Section 1532.908 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Prompt Payment 1532.908 Contract clauses. The Contracting...

  3. 48 CFR 1516.603 - Letter Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Letter Contracts. 1516.603 Section 1516.603 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Time-and-Materials, Labor-Hour, and Letter Contracts...

  4. 48 CFR 1532.111 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1532.111 Section 1532.111 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING General 1532.111 Contract clauses. The Contracting Officer...

  5. 29 CFR 4.190 - Contract cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., the contract is subject upon written notice to cancellation by the contracting agency, whereupon the... contract is similarly subject upon written notice to immediate cancellation by the contracting agency and... in paragraph (a). Such contract is without warrant of law and has no force and effect and is void...

  6. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  7. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  8. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  9. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  10. 48 CFR 317.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 317.204 Section 317.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 317.204 Contracts. (e) The total of the basic and...

  11. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  12. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  13. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  14. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  15. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  16. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  17. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  18. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  19. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  20. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  1. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  2. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  3. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  4. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  5. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  6. 48 CFR 1817.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... discuss planned future assessment of continued performance either prior to exercise of options or at the... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1817.204 Contracts. (e)(i) The 5-year limitation (basic plus option periods) applies to all NASA contracts regardless of type and...

  7. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  8. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  9. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  10. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  11. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  12. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  13. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  14. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  15. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  16. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  17. Campaign contributions, lobbying and post-Katrina contracts.

    PubMed

    Hogan, Michael J; Long, Michael A; Stretesky, Paul B

    2010-07-01

    This research explores the relationship between political campaign contributions, lobbying and post-Hurricane Katrina cleanup and reconstruction contracts. Specifically, a case-control study design is used to determine whether campaign contributions to national candidates in the 2000-04 election cycles and/or the employment of lobbyists and lobbying firms increased a company's probability of receiving a post-hurricane contract. Results indicate that both a campaign contribution dichotomous variable and the dollar amount of contributions are significantly related to whether a company received a contract, but that lobbying activity was not. These findings are discussed in the context of previous research on the politics of natural disasters, government contracting and governmental and corporate deviance.

  18. Contract 98 Self-Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    This report documents the results of LBL`s Self-Assessment required by Appendix F to Contract DE ACOO3765F00098. This self assessment covers the performance measures set forth in Appendix F except those requiring an external audit. The performance measures for LBL are in the areas of ES&H Finance, Human Services and Procurement and Property. LBL is a multi-program laboratory operated by the University of California (UC) for DOE. The mission of LBL includes performing research in energy, general, and life sciences. LBL facilities include the main site on 130 acres located in the cities of Berkeley and Oakland; laboratories and offices located in buildings on the UC Berkeley Campus; and three leased buildings in the cities of Berkeley and Emeryville. 1. Involvement of Line Management in the assessment process to provide awareness and ownership. 2. Using existing assessments, audits and appraisals in lieu of a new assessment wherever possible. 3. Conduct of the assessments by individuals with functional responsibility and knowledge of the areas being assessed. 4. Interaction with individuals performing assessments at other Laboratories to enhance our learning process. As anticipated, a number of findings will require corrective action. General corrective actions are identified for key findings in this report. In early May 1993, this Laboratory will begin the development of detailed formal corrective action plans which will be entered into a laboratory automated corrective action tracking system.

  19. Active contraction of microtubule networks

    PubMed Central

    Foster, Peter J; Fürthauer, Sebastian; Shelley, Michael J; Needleman, Daniel J

    2015-01-01

    Many cellular processes are driven by cytoskeletal assemblies. It remains unclear how cytoskeletal filaments and motor proteins organize into cellular scale structures and how molecular properties of cytoskeletal components affect the large-scale behaviors of these systems. Here, we investigate the self-organization of stabilized microtubules in Xenopus oocyte extracts and find that they can form macroscopic networks that spontaneously contract. We propose that these contractions are driven by the clustering of microtubule minus ends by dynein. Based on this idea, we construct an active fluid theory of network contractions, which predicts a dependence of the timescale of contraction on initial network geometry, a development of density inhomogeneities during contraction, a constant final network density, and a strong influence of dynein inhibition on the rate of contraction, all in quantitative agreement with experiments. These results demonstrate that the motor-driven clustering of filament ends is a generic mechanism leading to contraction. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.10837.001 PMID:26701905

  20. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  1. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  2. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  3. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  4. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  5. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  6. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  7. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    SciTech Connect

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  8. 48 CFR 8.1103 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Leasing of Motor Vehicles 8.1103 Contract requirements. Contracting officers shall include the following items in each contract for leasing motor vehicles: (a) Scope... services....

  9. 48 CFR 8.1103 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Leasing of Motor Vehicles 8.1103 Contract requirements. Contracting officers shall include the following items in each contract for leasing motor vehicles: (a) Scope... services....

  10. 14 CFR 1274.508 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., conditions and specifications of the contract. ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract administration. 1274.508 Section... WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Procurement Standards § 1274.508 Contract administration. A system for...

  11. 48 CFR 871.212 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS LOAN GUARANTY AND VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service 871.212 Contract clauses. Contracting officers must use the following clauses, as appropriate, in solicitations and contracts for vocational rehabilitation and...

  12. 48 CFR 871.212 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS LOAN GUARANTY AND VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service 871.212 Contract clauses. Contracting officers must use the following clauses, as appropriate, in solicitations and contracts for vocational rehabilitation and...

  13. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  14. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  15. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  16. Contracts in radiology practices: contract types and key provisions.

    PubMed

    Muroff, Julie A; Muroff, Lawrence R

    2004-07-01

    A contract between a radiology group and its physician member(s) provides the foundation for the professional relationships in a group practice. The parties are not in positions of parity; contract provisions are structured to maintain the primacy of the group over the individual members. An integration clause should be included to preclude reliance on communications that are not memorialized by the language of the contract. Precise, unambiguous terms must be used to convey the intentions of the parties. The contract should have a clear date of initiation and, if applicable, an effective date of termination. Mechanisms for termination and modification should be expressed clearly to minimize the risk of judicial interference. The method of determining and adjusting the salary and other benefits of the radiologist should be stated, as consideration is necessary to support the existence of a legal contract. The obligations of the radiologist to the practice are often stated in general terms to maximize the group's flexibility. Finally, other key clauses that are discussed in the paper should be incorporated into the contract.

  17. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  18. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  19. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  20. 48 CFR 1315.209 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1315.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. The designee authorized...

  1. University contracts summary book

    SciTech Connect

    1980-08-01

    The principal objectives of the Fossil Energy Program are to seek new ideas, new data, fundamental knowledge that will support the ongoing programs, and new processes to better utilize the nation's fossil energy resources with greater efficiency and environmental acceptability. Toward this end, the Department of Energy supports research projects conducted by universities and colleges to: Ensure a foundation for innovative technology through the use of the capabilities and talents in our academic institutions; provide an effective, two-way channel of communication between the Department of Energy and the academic community; and ensure that trained technical manpower is developed to carry out basic and applied research in support of DOE's mission. Fossil Energy's university activities emphasize the type of research that universities can do best - research to explore the potential of novel process concepts, develop innovative methods and materials for improving existing processes, and obtain fundamental information on the structure of coal and mechanisms of reactions of coal, shale oil, and other fossil energy sources. University programs are managed by different Fossil Energy technical groups; the individual projects are described in greater detail in this book. It is clear that a number of research areas related to the DOE Fossil Energy Program have been appropriate for university involvement, and that, with support from DOE, university scientific and technical expertise can be expected to continue to play a significant role in the advancement of fossil energy technology in the years to come.

  2. [Patient safety in management contracts].

    PubMed

    Campillo-Artero, C

    2012-01-01

    Patient safety is becoming commonplace in management contracts. Since our experience in patient safety still falls short of other clinical areas, it is advisable to review some of its characteristics in order to improve its inclusion in these contracts. In this paper opinions and recommendations concerning the design and review of contractual clauses on safety are given, as well as reflections drawn from methodological papers and informal opinions of clinicians, who are most familiar with the nuances of safe and unsafe practices. After reviewing some features of these contracts, criteria for prioritizing and including safety objectives and activities in them, and key points for their evaluation are described. The need to replace isolated activities by systemic and multifaceted ones is emphasized. Errors, limitations and improvement opportunities observed when contracts are linked to indicators, information and adverse event reporting systems are analysed. Finally, the influence of the rules of the game, and clinicians behaviour are emphasised.

  3. Smooth Sailing with Contract Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how to make the contract services relationship work smoothly for educational facilities. Covers topics of food, child care, and transportation services, along with a brief explanation of the benefits of outsourcing on-campus amenities. (GR)

  4. Commerical Remote Sensing Data Contract

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    2005-01-01

    The U. S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Commercial Remote Sensing Data Contracts (CRSDCs) provide government agencies with access to a broad range of commercially available remotely sensed airborne and satellite data. These contracts were established to support The National Map partners, other Federal Civilian agency programs, and Department of Defense programs that require data for the United States and its territories. Experience shows that centralized procurement of remotely sensed data leads to considerable cost savings to the Federal government through volume discounts, reduction of redundant contract administrative costs, and avoidance of duplicate purchases. These contracts directly support the President's Commercial Remote Sensing Space Policy, signed in 2003, by providing a centralized mechanism for civil agencies to acquire commercial remote sensing products to support their mission needs in an efficient and coordinated way. CRSDC administration is provided by the USGS Mid-Continent Mapping Center in Rolla, Missouri.

  5. 48 CFR 1809.670 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Contractor Team Arrangements 1809.670 Contract... solicitations and contracts to clarify a contractor team arrangement where the prime contractor consists of...

  6. 48 CFR 801.602 - Contracting officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and... contracting authority. (7) Manage and enhance career development of the procurement work force. (8)...

  7. 48 CFR 801.602 - Contracting officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and... contracting authority. (7) Manage and enhance career development of the procurement work force. (8)...

  8. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  9. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  10. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  11. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  12. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  13. Maximising value from PFI contracts.

    PubMed

    Prosser, Karen; Gates, Russell

    2012-05-01

    Against a backdrop where the Coalition Government has said more 'value' needs to be squeezed out of existing healthcare PFI projects, Karen Prosser, head of the health sector team at built asset consultancy, EC Harris, and Russell Gates, one of the company's partners on the same team, set out some of the key elements that NHS Trusts with operational PFI contracts should consider when undertaking a contract savings review.

  14. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... not-for-profit organizations. (1) Costs to perform research stemming from an unsolicited proposal by... contracts and grants as part of an independent research and development program....

  15. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... not-for-profit organizations. (1) Costs to perform research stemming from an unsolicited proposal by... contracts and grants as part of an independent research and development program....

  16. 48 CFR 1819.7302 - NASA contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small... I contracts awarded under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program established pursuant to Public Law 97-219 (the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982). (b)...

  17. Efficiency of muscle contraction. The chemimechanic equilibrium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker, E. W.

    1991-10-01

    Although muscle contraction is one of the principal themes of biological research, the exact mechanism whereby the chemical free energy of ATP hydrolysis is converted into mechanical work remains elusive. The high thermodynamic efficiency of the process, above all, is difficult to explain on the basis of present theories. A model of the elementary effect in muscle contraction is proposed which aims at high thermodynamic efficiency based on an approximate equilibrium between chemical and mechanical forces throughout the transfer of free energy. The experimental results described in the literature support the assumption that chemimechanic equilibrium is approximated by a free energy transfer system based on the binding of divalent metal ions to the myosin light chains. Muscle contraction demonstrated without light chains is expected to proceed with a considerably lower efficiency. Free energy transfer systems based on the binding of ions to proteins seem to be widespread in the cell. By establishing an approximate chemimechanic equilibrium, they could facilitate biological reactions considerably and save large amounts of free energy. The concept of chemimechanic equilibrium is seen as a supplementation to the concept of chemiosmotic equilibrium introduced for the membrane transport by P. Mitchell.

  18. Trends in the Health Status of Medicare Risk Contract Enrollees

    PubMed Central

    Riley, Gerald; Zarabozo, Carlos

    2006-01-01

    Previous research has found Medicare risk contract enrollees to be healthier than beneficiaries in fee-for-service (FFS). Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) data were used to examine trends in health and functional status measures among risk contract and FFS enrollees from 1991 to 2004. Risk contract enrollees reported better health and functioning, but the differences tended to narrow over time. Most of the differences in trends were observed for functional status measures and institutionalization; differences in trends for perceived health status and prevalence rates of chronic conditions tended to be small or non-existent. The narrowing of functional and health status differences between the risk contract and FFS populations may have implications for payment policy, as well as implications for the role of private health plans in Medicare. PMID:17427847

  19. 42 CFR 52h.10 - What matters must be reviewed for solicited contract proposals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What matters must be reviewed for solicited contract proposals? 52h.10 Section 52h.10 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.10 What matters must...

  20. 42 CFR 52h.9 - What matters must be reviewed for unsolicited contract proposals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What matters must be reviewed for unsolicited contract proposals? 52h.9 Section 52h.9 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.9 What matters must...

  1. 42 CFR 52h.9 - What matters must be reviewed for unsolicited contract proposals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What matters must be reviewed for unsolicited contract proposals? 52h.9 Section 52h.9 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.9 What matters must...

  2. 42 CFR 52h.10 - What matters must be reviewed for solicited contract proposals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What matters must be reviewed for solicited contract proposals? 52h.10 Section 52h.10 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT PROJECTS § 52h.10 What matters must...

  3. When your contract manufacturer becomes your competitor.

    PubMed

    Arruñda, Benito; Vázquez, Xosé H

    2006-09-01

    PC maker Lenovo started out as a distributor of equipment made by IBM and other companies; now it has formed a joint venture with IBM and will eventually affix its own logo to its computers. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) started out manufacturing vehicles for Volkswagen and GM; now it's preparing to sell its own cars in China, Europe, and North America. Lenovo and SAIC represent a host of formerly anonymous makers of brand-name products that are breaking out of their defined roles and pushing the brands themselves aside. In this article, the authors explore the double-edged relationships original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) forge with their contract manufacturers (CMs). On the one hand, an OEM can reduce its labor costs, free up capital, and improve worker productivity by outsourcing all the manufacturing of a product. The company can then concentrate on value-adding activities--research and development, product design, and marketing, for instance. On the other hand, an OEM that retains a contract manufacturer may find itself immersed in a melodrama replete with promiscuity (the ambitious CM pursues liaisons with other OEMs), infidelity (the OEM's retailers and distributors shift their business to the upstart CM), and betrayal (the brazen CM transmits the OEM's intellectual property to the OEM's rivals or keeps it for itself when the contract is up). OEMs cannot simply terminate their outsourcing arrangements--they need contract manufacturers in order to keep specializing, adding value, and staying competitive. But OEMs can manage these relationships so that they don't become weak or the CMs too strong. Doing so requires modesty about revealing trade secrets; caution about whom one consorts with; and a judicious degree of intimacy, loyalty, and generosity toward partners and customers. PMID:16967627

  4. When your contract manufacturer becomes your competitor.

    PubMed

    Arruñda, Benito; Vázquez, Xosé H

    2006-09-01

    PC maker Lenovo started out as a distributor of equipment made by IBM and other companies; now it has formed a joint venture with IBM and will eventually affix its own logo to its computers. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) started out manufacturing vehicles for Volkswagen and GM; now it's preparing to sell its own cars in China, Europe, and North America. Lenovo and SAIC represent a host of formerly anonymous makers of brand-name products that are breaking out of their defined roles and pushing the brands themselves aside. In this article, the authors explore the double-edged relationships original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) forge with their contract manufacturers (CMs). On the one hand, an OEM can reduce its labor costs, free up capital, and improve worker productivity by outsourcing all the manufacturing of a product. The company can then concentrate on value-adding activities--research and development, product design, and marketing, for instance. On the other hand, an OEM that retains a contract manufacturer may find itself immersed in a melodrama replete with promiscuity (the ambitious CM pursues liaisons with other OEMs), infidelity (the OEM's retailers and distributors shift their business to the upstart CM), and betrayal (the brazen CM transmits the OEM's intellectual property to the OEM's rivals or keeps it for itself when the contract is up). OEMs cannot simply terminate their outsourcing arrangements--they need contract manufacturers in order to keep specializing, adding value, and staying competitive. But OEMs can manage these relationships so that they don't become weak or the CMs too strong. Doing so requires modesty about revealing trade secrets; caution about whom one consorts with; and a judicious degree of intimacy, loyalty, and generosity toward partners and customers.

  5. 48 CFR 1529.401 - Domestic contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Domestic contracts. 1529.401 Section 1529.401 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS TAXES Contract Clauses 1529.401 Domestic contracts....

  6. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  7. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  8. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  9. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  10. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  11. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  12. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  13. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  14. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  15. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  16. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  17. 48 CFR 30.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 30.201 Contract requirements. Title 48 CFR 9903.201-1 (FAR appendix) describes the rules for determining whether a proposed contract or subcontract is exempt from CAS. Negotiated contracts not exempt in accordance with 48 CFR...

  18. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  19. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 250; (9) Assurance that the food service management company will comply with the storage and... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  20. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR part 250; (9) Assurance that the food service management company will comply with the storage and... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  1. 48 CFR 846.710 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 846.710 Section 846.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 846.710 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause...

  2. 48 CFR 546.710 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 546.710 Section 546.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 546.710 Contract clause. The Contracting officer shall insert the clause...

  3. 48 CFR 3016.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....406 Contract clauses. (e)(1)(i) The contracting officer shall insert a clause substantially the same as (HSAR) 48 CFR 3052.216-71, Determination of Award Fee, in solicitations and contracts that include... CFR 3052.216-72, Performance Evaluation Plan, in all solicitations and contracts that include an...

  4. 48 CFR 1427.303 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1427.303 Section 1427.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts. 1427.303 Contract...

  5. 32 CFR 169a.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Contracts. 169a.10 Section 169a.10 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.10 Contracts. When contract cost becomes unreasonable or...

  6. 32 CFR 169a.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contracts. 169a.10 Section 169a.10 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.10 Contracts. When contract cost becomes unreasonable or...

  7. 48 CFR 204.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 204.802... OF DEFENSE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 204.802 Contract files. Official contract files shall consist of— (1) Only original, authenticated or conformed copies of contractual...

  8. 48 CFR 415.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 415.204 Section 415.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  9. 48 CFR 1315.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 1315.204 Section 1315.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  10. 48 CFR 515.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 515.204 Section 515.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and...

  11. 48 CFR 615.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 615.204 Section 615.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  12. 48 CFR 15.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 15.204 Section 15.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  13. 48 CFR 232.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Electronic Submission and Processing of Payment Requests and Receiving Reports 232.7004 Contract clause. Except as provided in 232.7002(a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause....

  14. 48 CFR 36.609 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 36.609 Section 36.609 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.609 Contract clauses....

  15. 48 CFR 436.609 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 436.609 Section 436.609 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.609 Contract clauses....

  16. 7 CFR 634.25 - Contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... participant must enter into an RCWP contract to treat water quality problems not covered by the joint... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.25 Contracting... agrees to apply his or her water-quality plan. Any person who controls, or shares control, of the...

  17. 48 CFR 936.7101 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Inspection and Acceptance 936.7101 Construction contracts. (a) Inspection services may be performed by the architect-engineer responsible for...

  18. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  19. 48 CFR 846.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 846.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.236-74, 852.236-74, Inspection of construction, in solicitations and...

  20. 31 CFR 575.326 - Executory contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Executory contract. 575.326 Section 575.326 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....326 Executory contract. The term executory contract means a contract which cannot be...

  1. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract...

  2. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  3. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  4. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  5. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  6. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract...

  7. 48 CFR 2439.107 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clauses. 2439.107 Section 2439.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 2439.107 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert...

  8. 48 CFR 2446.710 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Performance Specifications or Design Criteria, whenever it is in the Government's interest. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2446.710... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 2446.710 Contract clauses. (c)(1) The contracting...

  9. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  10. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  11. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  12. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  13. 48 CFR 30.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 30.201 Contract requirements. Title 48 CFR 9903.201-1 (FAR appendix) describes the rules for determining whether a proposed contract or subcontract is exempt from CAS. Negotiated contracts not exempt in accordance with 48 CFR...

  14. 48 CFR 927.303 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts 927.303 Contract clauses... (but see (FAR) 48 CFR 27.304-3 regarding contracts for construction work or architect-engineer services... Government, in all such contracts other than those described in paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this...

  15. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  16. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  17. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  18. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  19. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  20. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts. 546.312 Section 546.312 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause...

  1. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  2. 48 CFR 936.7101 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Inspection and Acceptance 936.7101 Construction contracts. (a) Inspection services may be performed by the architect-engineer responsible for...

  3. 48 CFR 846.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 846.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.236-74, 852.236-74, Inspection of construction, in solicitations and...

  4. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  5. Psychological contracts of hospice nurses.

    PubMed

    Jones, Audrey Elizabeth; Sambrook, Sally

    2010-12-01

    Psychological contracts have been described as individuals' beliefs regarding the obligations, expectations, and contributions that exist between them and their employer. They can be influenced by the organization's culture and philosophy, through human resources policies, and through the employee's personality and characteristics. Owing to the recent economic crisis, hospices in the UK are currently in a transitional phase and are being expected to demonstrate efficiencies that might be more in line with a business model than a health-care environment. This may conflict with the philosophical views of hospice nurses. To support nurses through this transition, it might be helpful to understand the antecedents of hospice nurses' behaviour and how they construct their psychological contracts. Failure to offer adequate support might lead to negative outcomes such as a desire to leave the organisation, poorer quality work, or disruptive behaviour. This study used a modified grounded theory approach involving in-depth interviews to explore the context and content of the psychological contracts of hospice nurses in the UK. Four main themes emerged: the types of psychological contracts formed, how the contracts are formed, their contents, and the breaches and potential violations the nurses perceive. PMID:21240104

  6. 42 CFR 52h.9 - What matters must be reviewed for unsolicited contract proposals?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES GRANTS SCIENTIFIC PEER REVIEW OF RESEARCH GRANT APPLICATIONS AND RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT... provisions of this part and the group has made recommendations concerning the scientific merit of...

  7. Incentive contracts for development projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finley, David T.; Smith, Byron; DeGroff, B.

    2012-09-01

    Finding a contract vehicle that balances the concerns of the customer and the contractor in a development project can be difficult. The customer wants a low price and an early delivery, with as few surprises as possible as the project progresses. The contractor wants sufficient cost and schedule to cover risk. Both want to clearly define what each party will provide. Many program offices do not want to award cost plus contracts because their funding sources will not allow it, their boards do not want an open ended commitment, and they feel like they lose financial control of the project. A fixed price incentive contract, with a mutually agreed upon target cost, provides the owner with visibility into the project and input into the execution of the project, encourages both parties to save costs, and stimulates a collaborative atmosphere by aligning the respective interests of customers and contractors.

  8. 24 CFR 983.206 - HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false HAP contract amendments (to add or... Contract § 983.206 HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units). (a) Amendment to... substitute unit and must determine the reasonable rent for such unit. (b) Amendment to add contract units....

  9. 24 CFR 983.206 - HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HAP contract amendments (to add or... Contract § 983.206 HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units). (a) Amendment to... substitute unit and must determine the reasonable rent for such unit. (b) Amendment to add contract units....

  10. 78 FR 13706 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, and FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory Planned Analysis for the U.S. International Trade... Service Contract Inventory Analysis, the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, and the FY 2012...

  11. 17 CFR Appendix B to Part 43 - Enumerated Physical Commodity Contracts and Other Contracts

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Contracts and Other Contracts B Appendix B to Part 43 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES... Commodity Contracts and Other Contracts Enumerated Physical Commodity Contracts Agriculture ICE Futures U.S. Cocoa ICE Futures U.S. Coffee C Chicago Board of Trade Corn ICE Futures U.S. Cotton No. 2 ICE Futures...

  12. To Contract or Not to Contract Is Not the Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rush, Sean C.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A 10-step process is outlined for college decision makers assessing the feasibility of self-operation, contract management, or some combination of these for management of a specific service or function. The role of the governing board in decision making and acceptance of ultimate responsibility for success is also discussed. (MSE)

  13. 48 CFR 616.203-4 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 616.203-4 Contract clauses. Contracting... maintenance, and gardening). Posts shall obtain A/OPE approval for any price adjustment clause that...

  14. 48 CFR 232.703 - Contract funding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract funding... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 232.703 Contract funding requirements....

  15. Behavioral health and managed care contracting under SCHIP.

    PubMed

    Rosenbaum, Sara; Sonosky, Colleen; Shaw, Karen; Mauery, D Richard

    2002-09-01

    This Policy Brief examines behavioral health managed care contracting under separately administered State Children's Health Insurance Programs (SCHIP), i.e., programs that operate under the direct authority of Title XXI of the Social Security Act rather than as expansions of Medicaid. Most separate SCHIP programs buy managed care style health insurance for some or most of their enrolled children. Because Title XXI provides states with far greater administrative flexibility than Medicaid with respect to coverage and benefit design, provision of services, and administration of managed care arrangements,studying separate SCHIP managed care products sheds important light on how states might approach insurance and managed care design generally in the area of behavioral health were Medicaid modified through section 1115 demonstration or federal statutory authority to permit greater latitude. To conduct this analysis, two nationwide databases maintained by the George Washington University Center for Health Services Research and Policy (CHSRP) were used: a database consisting of all Medicaid MCO-style managed care contracts in use in Calendar Year 2000; and a nationwide database consisting of contracts used by separate SCHIP programs for the same calendar year. As of the point of collection in 2000 there were 33 such separate programs; according to CMS' latest website information, that total has now reached 35. Both sets of contracts were analyzed and separated into their components by lawyers experienced in managed care contract analysis and interpretation. The data were entered into working tables that organize the contents of the contracts into a series of searchable domains.

  16. Contraction-Only Exercise Machine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Doerr, Donald F.; Maples, Arthur B.; Campbell, Craig M.

    1992-01-01

    Standard knee-extension machine modified so subject experiences force only when lifting leg against stack of weights. Exerts little force on leg while being lowered. Hydraulic cylinder and reservoir mounted on frame of exercise machine. Fluid flows freely from cylinder to reservoir during contraction (lifting) but in constricted fashion from reservoir to cylinder during extension (lowering).

  17. There's Gold in Those Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Russell

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, when the author joined the staff at Dominican College (New York), he discovered that the network, computers, and IT contracts were in sorry shape. He also found that this kind of condition is common in small colleges. Such a state of affairs is usually brought about by the unrelenting demands placed on small IT staffs. IT staffers at…

  18. CONTRACT DOCUMENTS AND PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    First California Commission on School Construction Systems, Palo Alto.

    A SET OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATION DRAFTED BY THE FIRST CALIFORNIA COMMISSION ON SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS GIVES INFORMATION ON BIDDING PROCEDURES, A DESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM, PROCEDURES FOR SUBMITTING A PROPOSAL, DATA AND CONDITIONS RELATED TO THE DEVELOPMENT PHASE OF THE PROJECT, COMPONENT CONTRACTS, AND GENERAL…

  19. SSC Test Operations Contract Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kleim, Kerry D.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Test Operations Contract at the Stennis Space Center (SSC). There are views of the test stands layouts, and closer views of the test stands. There are descriptions of the test stand capabilities, some of the other test complexes, the Cryogenic propellant storage facility, the High Pressure Industrial Water (HPIW) facility, and Fluid Component Processing Facility (FCPF).

  20. Dynamics of contracting viscoelastic filaments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Michael; Appathurai, Santosh; Bhat, Pradeep; Basaran, Osman

    2009-11-01

    Satellite drops are detrimental to many industrial applications involving the formation of viscoelastic drops including inkjet printing, DNA microarraying, and printing of flexible solar cells. The precursor to these satellite drops is a slender liquid filament that connects an about-to-form drop to the rest of the liquid in the nozzle. Once a filament is formed, it contracts due to surface tension. A filament may undergo further breakup during recoil. Whereas the contraction of Newtonian filaments in a passive ambient fluid is well understood (Schulkes 1996 and Notz and Basaran 2004), the contraction dynamics of viscoelastic filaments remains largely unexplored and is addressed in this presentation. Here the filament shape is idealized as an axisymmetric fluid cylinder terminated by hemispherical end-caps, and the conformation tensor formalism (Pasquali & Scriven 2002) is used to model the viscoelasticity. The dynamics of contracting filaments are then analyzed by means of both a well-benchmarked two-dimensional finite element algorithm (Notz et al. 2001, Chen et al. 2002) and a one-dimensional slender-jet algorithm (Padgett et al. 1996). Regions of the parameter space are identified where recoiling filaments give rise to either a single satellite drop or multiple satellites.

  1. Guide to coal contracts 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Glass, J.; Linden, M.

    1989-01-01

    The material in this book derives from the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 423 data. PURPA requires FERC to monitor every two years the fuel-purchasing practices of those utilities under PURPA jurisdiction - that is, those utilities producing electricity for wholesale distribution. This includes most investor-owned utilities in the U.S. In addition, FERC requires all utilities to report monthly fuel purchases on Form 423's. The first section covers investor-owned utilities' contracts in effect during the period 1986-1987 and gives for those years the f.o.b. mines and delivered prices, contract specifications, quality as delivered, contract signature and expiration dates, the means and cost of transportation, names of the coal seam, and leaseholder and owner of mining equipment. The second section contains limited information on utilities not covered by PURPA. This section, based on summaries of FERC Form 423 data provided by RDI Inc.'s COALDAT Marketing Report, includes contracts in effect at the end of 1987 for 49 municipals and cooperatives and the Tennessee Valley Authority.

  2. Rho A and the Rho kinase pathway regulate fibroblast contraction: Enhanced contraction in constitutively active Rho A fibroblast cells

    SciTech Connect

    Nobe, Koji; Nobe, Hiromi; Yoshida, Hiroko; Kolodney, Michael S.; Paul, Richard J.; Honda, Kazuo

    2010-08-20

    Research highlights: {yields} Mechanisms of fibroblast cell contraction in collagen matrix. {yields} Assessed an isometric force development using 3D-reconstituted-fibroblast fiber. {yields} Constitutively active Rho A induced the over-contraction of fibroblast cells. {yields} Rho A and Rho kinase pathway has a central role in fibroblast cell contraction. -- Abstract: Fibroblast cells play a central role in the proliferation phase of wound healing processes, contributing to force development. The intracellular signaling pathways regulating this non-muscle contraction are only partially understood. To study the relations between Rho A and contractile responses, constitutively active Rho A (CA-Rho A) fibroblast cells were reconstituted into fibers and the effects of calf serum (CS) on isometric force were studied. CS-induced force in CA-Rho A fibroblast fibers was twice as large as that in wild type (NIH 3T3) fibroblast fibers. During this response, the translocation of Rho A from the cytosol to the membrane was detected by Rho A activity assays and Western blot analysis. Pre-treatment with a Rho specific inhibitor (C3-exoenzyme) suppressed translocation as well as contraction. These results indicate that Rho A activation is essential for fibroblast contraction. The Rho kinase inhibitor ( (Y27632)) inhibited both NIH 3T3 and CA-Rho A fibroblast fiber contractions. Activation of Rho A is thus directly coupled with Rho kinase activity. We conclude that the translocation of Rho A from the cytosol to the membrane and the Rho kinase pathway can regulate wound healing processes mediated by fibroblast contraction.

  3. Contract portfolio optimization for a gasoline supply chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shanshan

    this model, we characterize a simple and easily implementable dynamic contract portfolio policy that would enable the company to dynamically rebalance its supply contract portfolio over time in anticipation of the future market conditions in each individual channel while satisfying the contractual obligations. The optimal policy is a state-dependent base-share contract portfolio policy characterized by a branded base-share level and an unbranded contract commitment combination, given as a function of the initial information state. Using real-world market data, we estimate the model parameters. We also apply an efficient modified policy iteration method to compute the optimal contract portfolio strategies and corresponding profit value. We present computational results in order to obtain insights into the structure of optimal policies, capture the value of the dynamic contract portfolio policy by comparing it with static policies, and illustrate the sensitivity of the optimal contract portfolio and corresponding profit value in terms of the different parameters. Considering the geographic dispersion of different market areas and the pipeline network together with the dynamic contract portfolio optimization problem, we formulate a forward-looking operational model, which could be used by gasoline suppliers for lower-level planning. Finally, we discuss the generalization of the framework to other problems and applications, as well as further research.

  4. 48 CFR 235.072 - Additional contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....072 Additional contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at 252.235-7002, Animal Welfare, or one... involving research on live vertebrate animals. (b) Use the basic or the alternate of the clause at 252.235..., testing, or operating a device requiring a frequency authorization. (1) Use the basic clause if...

  5. 48 CFR 9.703 - Contracting with individual pool members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... individual pool members. 9.703 Section 9.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.703 Contracting with individual pool members. (a) Pool members may submit...

  6. 48 CFR 9.703 - Contracting with individual pool members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... individual pool members. 9.703 Section 9.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.703 Contracting with individual pool members. (a) Pool members may submit...

  7. 48 CFR 9.703 - Contracting with individual pool members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... individual pool members. 9.703 Section 9.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.703 Contracting with individual pool members. (a) Pool members may submit...

  8. 48 CFR 9.703 - Contracting with individual pool members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... individual pool members. 9.703 Section 9.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.703 Contracting with individual pool members. (a) Pool members may submit...

  9. Official Learning Center Contract for Gifted and Talented Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Ruth

    1983-01-01

    Designed as a follow-up activity for gifted and talented classes that have been using learning centers, this contract directs students in building their own learning centers. Six sections cover choosing a subject, researching, setting objectives for the learning center, developing activities for the center, writing directions and collecting…

  10. A History of Instructional Methods in Uncontracted and Contracted Braille

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Andrea, Frances Mary

    2009-01-01

    This literature review outlines the history of the braille code as used in the United States and Canada, illustrating how both the code itself and instructional strategies for teaching it changed over time. The review sets the stage for the research questions of the recently completed Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study.

  11. 48 CFR 1352.209-71 - Limitation of future contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Limitation of future contracting. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1309.507-2(a), insert the following clause... towards solution of broadly defined problems. This may encompass research, evaluating technical..., identifying and resolving interface problems, developing test requirements, evaluating test data,...

  12. 48 CFR 9.703 - Contracting with individual pool members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... individual pool members. 9.703 Section 9.703 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Defense Production Pools and Research and Development Pools 9.703 Contracting with individual pool members. (a) Pool members may submit...

  13. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  14. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  15. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  16. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  17. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  18. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  19. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  20. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  1. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  2. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  3. Constraints and Benefits of Child Welfare Contracts with Behavioral Health Providers: Conditions that Shape Service Access.

    PubMed

    Bunger, Alicia C; Cao, Yiwen; Girth, Amanda M; Hoffman, Jill; Robertson, Hillary A

    2016-09-01

    This qualitative study examines worker perceptions of how public child welfare agencies' purchase of service contracts with private behavioral health organizations can both facilitate and constrain referral making and children's access to services. Five, 90-min focus groups were conducted with workers (n = 50) from an urban public child welfare agency in the Midwest. Using a modified grounded theory approach, findings suggest that contracts may expedite service linkages, but contract benefits are conditioned upon design and implementation. Results also suggest the critical role of front line workers in carrying out contractual relationships. Implications for research and interventions for enhancing contracting are discussed.

  4. Senior Administrators Should Have Administrative Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Posner, Gary J.

    1987-01-01

    Recognizing that termination is viewed by the employee as the equivalent to capital punishment of a career, an administrative contract can reduce the emotional and financial entanglements that often result. Administrative contracts are described. (MLW)

  5. 7 CFR 632.22 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... is substituted that will achieve the desired results. (h) Joint contract. A land user may enter a contract jointly with other land users subject to the 320 acres maximum limitation per landowner....

  6. 32 CFR 32.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 223, “Surety Companies Doing Business with the United States.” (d) All negotiated contracts... of making audits, examinations, excerpts and transcriptions. (e) All contracts, including those...

  7. 48 CFR 1819.7003 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS NASA 8 Percent Goal 1819.7003 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.219-76, NASA 8 Percent Goal, in all solicitations and...

  8. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  9. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  10. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  11. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  12. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  13. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  14. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  15. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html . From this page... funding source for the contract; 4. The contract type and date of the award; 5. The name of the...

  16. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  17. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  18. 48 CFR 23.903 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Contractor Compliance With Environmental Management Systems 23.903 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-19, Compliance With Environmental...

  19. 48 CFR 23.903 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Contractor Compliance With Environmental Management Systems 23.903 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-19, Compliance With Environmental...

  20. 48 CFR 1022.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Fair inclusion of minorities and women 1022.7000 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 1052.222-70, Minority and Women Inclusion, in all solicitations and contracts in support...

  1. 77 FR 26583 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Commission is... Package contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at...

  2. 77 FR 5280 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is providing for public information its Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY...

  3. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  4. 48 CFR 239.7103 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and... Assurance Contractor Training and Certification, in solicitations and contracts involving contractor performance of information assurance functions as described in DoD 8570.01-M....

  5. Contract Observation in Web Services Environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bíba, Jiří; Hodík, Jiří; Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal

    Electronic contracting, based on explicit representation of different parties' commitments, is a promising way to specifying and regulating behaviour in distributed business applications. A key part of contract-based system is a process through which the actual behaviour of individual parties is checked for conformance with contracts set to govern such behaviour. Such checking requires that relevant information on the behaviour of the parties, both with respect to the application processes they execute and to managing their contractual relationships, is captured. The process of collecting all such information, termed contract observation, is the subject of this paper. First, we describe general properties and requirements of such an observation process; afterwards, we discuss specifics of realising contract observation in web services environments. Finally, we show how contract observation has been implemented as part of the IST-CONTRACT web services framework for contract-based systems.

  6. 48 CFR 617.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 617.204 Contracts. (e) The Procurement Executive shall approve.... The Procurement Executive may delegate this approval authority to individuals within the Office of the Procurement Executive....

  7. 48 CFR 23.1105 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Encouraging Contractor Policies to Ban Text Messaging While Driving 23.1105 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-18, Contractor Policy to...

  8. 48 CFR 926.7104 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Implementation of Section 3161 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993. 926.7104 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 48 CFR (DEAR)...

  9. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Equipment and Air Conditioners, in solicitations and contracts for services when the contract includes the... refrigerant, such as air conditioners, including motor vehicles, refrigerators, chillers, or freezers. ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY,...

  10. 48 CFR 4.1303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Personal Identity Verification 4.1303 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.204-9, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor Personnel, in...

  11. 48 CFR 4.1303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Personal Identity Verification 4.1303 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.204-9, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor Personnel, in...

  12. Time to Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contraction (MVC) for Five Different Muscle Groups in College Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, A. F.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    College men and women were studied to ascertain the force-time components of a rapid voluntary muscle contraction for five muscle groups. Researchers found that the time required for full contraction differs: (1) in men and women; and (2) among the five muscle groups. (Authors/PP)

  13. 48 CFR 1832.412 - Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clause. (NASA... Non-Commercial Items 1832.412 Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f)) (e) The... the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)...

  14. 48 CFR 1832.412 - Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause. (NASA... Non-Commercial Items 1832.412 Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f)) (e) The... the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)...

  15. 48 CFR 1832.412 - Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clause. (NASA... Non-Commercial Items 1832.412 Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f)) (e) The... the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)...

  16. 48 CFR 1832.412 - Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f))

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause. (NASA... Non-Commercial Items 1832.412 Contract clause. (NASA supplement paragraphs (e) and (f)) (e) The... the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)...

  17. Minority business bidding for local government contracts: the complexity of availability.

    PubMed

    Bangs, Ralph L; Murrell, Audrey; Constance-Huggins, Monique

    2007-01-01

    While minority-business enterprises (MBEs) have gained some access to local government contracts during the last three decades, these firms continue to receive a small share of local government contract spending relative to the number of available firms. Researchers have suggested two general explanations for the low representation of MBEs in contract awards: (1) lack of qualifications and capacity among MBEs, and (2) public and private discrimination against MBEs in contracting processes. This study on prime contract opportunities in a Northern central city and county with a large minority population finds that low bid rates greatly contribute to the low MBE shares of prime contracts and that bidding is reduced by both local government processes and characteristics of the firms. Some implications of these findings are that local governments need to: (1) monitor MBE shares of prime contract bids by size of contract and use share of bids as one measure of program and organizational effectiveness; (2) identify MBEs that are qualified for prime contracts and encourage and help interested firms to submit competitive bids; and (3) ensure that local government policies and practices do not diminish access to information about prime contract opportunities for qualified and interested minority firms. Another implication is that bidders lists should not be a primary basis for determining MBE availability, since many qualified and interested MBEs do not bid because of perceived barriers in local government.

  18. 48 CFR 216.104-70 - Research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Research and development... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Selecting Contract Types 216.104-70 Research and development. Follow the procedures at PGI 216.104-70 for...

  19. Custom, contract, and kidney exchange.

    PubMed

    Healy, Kieran; Krawiec, Kimberly D

    2012-01-01

    In this Essay, we examine a case in which the organizational and logistical demands of a novel form of organ exchange (the nonsimultaneous, extended, altruistic donor (NEAD) chain) do not map cleanly onto standard cultural schemas for either market or gift exchange, resulting in sociological ambiguity and legal uncertainty. In some ways, a NEAD chain resembles a form of generalized exchange, an ancient and widespread instance of the norm of reciprocity that can be thought of simply as the obligation to “pay it forward” rather than the obligation to reciprocate directly with the original giver. At the same time, a NEAD chain resembles a string of promises and commitments to deliver something in exchange for some valuable consideration--that is, a series of contracts. Neither of these salient "social imaginaries" of exchange--gift giving or formal contract--perfectly meets the practical demands of the NEAD system. As a result, neither contract nor generalized exchange drives the practice of NEAD chains. Rather, the majority of actual exchanges still resemble a simpler form of exchange: direct, simultaneous exchange between parties with no time delay or opportunity to back out. If NEAD chains are to reach their full promise for large-scale, nonsimultaneous organ transfer, legal uncertainties and sociological ambiguities must be finessed, both in the practices of the coordinating agencies and in the minds of NEAD-chain participants. This might happen either through the further elaboration of gift-like language and practices, or through a creative use of the cultural form and motivational vocabulary, but not necessarily the legal and institutional machinery, of contract.

  20. Galileon bounce after ekpyrotic contraction

    SciTech Connect

    Osipov, M.; Rubakov, V. E-mail: rubakov@ms2.inr.ac.ru

    2013-11-01

    We consider a simple cosmological model that includes a long ekpyrotic contraction stage and smooth bounce after it. Ekpyrotic behavior is due to a scalar field with a negative exponential potential, whereas the Galileon field produces bounce. We give an analytical picture of how the bounce occurs within the weak gravity regime, and then perform numerical analysis to extend our results to a non-perturbative regime.

  1. Bid solicitation and contract negotiation.

    PubMed

    McAllister, J C

    1984-06-01

    The process of soliciting bid prices for drug products and of negotiating contracts with pharmaceutical vendors is reviewed. The primary purpose of bid purchasing is to obtain drugs at the lowest price and to have these prices remain fixed for a predetermined period of time. A successful bid-purchasing process depends on the institution's implementation of a formulary brand-standardization policy, prior identification of acceptable vendors and drug products, and establishment of criteria for evaluating drugs under a bid-purchasing system. Specific information to be included in the invitation to bid and useful data other than drug prices that may be solicited from vendors are outlined. Manual and computerized systems for organizing bid-request data are described. Bid evaluations should maintain the confidentiality of bid and contract prices. Selection of winning bids is based on lowest price or, in cases where prices are identical, on selected vendor characteristics or services. Negotiation of unacceptable bid prices should be conducted with a thorough knowledge of the needs and goals of the institution and the vendor. Procedures for establishing contracts and the timing of various phases of the bid process are discussed. An optimal bid-purchasing system is achieved only when the system is carefully planned and designed and when each prospective vendor is given an equal opportunity to establish a contractual relationship with the institution.

  2. 7 CFR 4288.121 - Contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions Enrollment Provisions § 4288.121 Contract. Advanced biofuel producers determined to be eligible to.... (a) Contract. The Agency will forward the contract to the advanced biofuel producer. The...

  3. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  4. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  5. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  6. 48 CFR 1846.674 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Report, in solicitations and contracts, except those using simplified acquisition procedures or where the only deliverable items are technical or scientific reports. Insert the number of copies to be prepared... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.674 Contract...

  7. 48 CFR 1846.674 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Report, in solicitations and contracts, except those using simplified acquisition procedures or where the only deliverable items are technical or scientific reports. Insert the number of copies to be prepared... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.674 Contract...

  8. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... Services--Non-Published Rates 4 model contract. This notice informs the public of the filing, ] invites...-Published Rates (GEPS-NPR) 4 model contract.\\1\\ This Order provides public notice of the Postal Service's... Concerning Revisions to Global Expedited Package Services--Non-Published Rates 4 Model Contract, August...

  9. Swelling and Contraction of Corn Mitochondria 1

    PubMed Central

    Stoner, C. D.; Hanson, J. B.

    1966-01-01

    A survey has been made of the properties of corn mitochondria in swelling and contraction. The mitochondria swell spontaneously in KCl but not in sucrose. Aged mitochondria will swell rapidly in sucrose if treated with citrate or EDTA. Swelling does not impair oxidative phosphorylation if bovine serum albumin is present. Contraction can be maintained or initiated with ATP + Mg or an oxidizable substrate, contraction being more rapid with the substrate. Magnesium is not required for substrate powered contraction. Contraction powered by ATP is accompanied by the release of phosphate. Oligomycin inhibits both ATP-powered contraction and the release of phosphate. However, it does not affect substrate-powered contraction. Substrate powered contraction is inhibited by electron-transport inhibitors. The uncoupler, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, accelerates swelling and inhibits both ATP-and substrate-powered contraction. However, the concentrations required are well in excess of those required to produce uncoupling and to accelerate adenosine triphosphatase; the concentrations required inhibit respiration in a phosphorylating medium. Phosphate is a very effective inhibitor of succinate-powered contraction. Neither oligomycin nor Mg affects the phosphate inhibition. Phosphate is less inhibitory with the ATP-powered contraction. The results are discussed in terms of a hypothesis that contraction is associated with a nonphosphorylated high energy intermediate of oxidative phosphorylation. Images PMID:16656248

  10. 48 CFR 630.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract requirements. 630.201 Section 630.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 630.201 Contract requirements....

  11. 48 CFR 330.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract requirements. 330.201 Section 330.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CAS Program Requirements 330.201 Contract requirements....

  12. 7 CFR 634.26 - Contract modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.26... thereof, or to accomplish equitable treatment with respect to other conservation, land-use, or water... water-quality plan. A contract may be modified only if it is determined that such modifications...

  13. 7 CFR 634.26 - Contract modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.26... thereof, or to accomplish equitable treatment with respect to other conservation, land-use, or water... water-quality plan. A contract may be modified only if it is determined that such modifications...

  14. 48 CFR 2004.404 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2004.404 Section 2004.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS 2004.404 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at...

  15. 24 CFR 200.52 - Construction contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Construction contract. 200.52 Section 200.52 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... Construction contract. The form of contract between the mortgagor and builder shall be as prescribed by...

  16. 48 CFR 11.701 - Supply contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supply contracts. 11.701 Section 11.701 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS Variation in Quantity 11.701 Supply contracts. (a) A fixed-price supply contract...

  17. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  18. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  19. 36 CFR 1210.47 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contract administration. 1210.47 Section 1210.47 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION... § 1210.47 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained to...

  20. 43 CFR 12.947 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract administration. 12.947 Section 12.947 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT... Requirements § 12.947 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained...