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Sample records for aid application instructions

  1. Computer-Aided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Graham

    This report discusses the impact of and presents guidelines for developing a computer-aided instructional (CAI) system. The first section discusses CAI in terms of the need for the countries of Asia to increase their economic self-sufficiency. The second section examines various theories on the nature of learning with special attention to the role…

  2. Integrated Computer-Aided Drafting Instruction (ICADI).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, C. Y.; McCampbell, David H.

    Until recently, computer-aided drafting and design (CAD) systems were almost exclusively operated on mainframes or minicomputers and their cost prohibited many schools from offering CAD instruction. Today, many powerful personal computers are capable of performing the high-speed calculation and analysis required by the CAD application; however,…

  3. Continuing education through computer-aided instruction

    SciTech Connect

    Fox, J.

    1981-01-01

    Computer-aided and managed instruction has been incorporated into the continuing education program in the Electronics Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two Control Data Corporation PLATO terminals have been installed in the learning center, and have been providing individualized instruction to the employees for approximately 2 years. Reactions from users and total usage figures indicate that there are unique advantages to computer-aided instruction. User interaction with a computer assures individual response from a student. The learner must be actively involved in the course and cannot passively allow content to flow by. Complex simulations can be programed and used in the learning process; thus, expensive equipment can be spared the wear and tear attributed to learners. The breadth of course topics included in the on-line library assures that PLATO has a continuing education offering for most employees. New lessons appear on line at the rate of three or four per week; PLATO cost effectiveness is thus certified. Comparisons of courses taken on the terminal to the same or similar courses offered elsewhere indicate that PLATO is advantageous. Computer-aided instruction is available when the learner is ready for initial instruction and later for reviews. At Los Alamos, the demand for PLATO service is growing. The Laboratory will have eight terminals installed and operating by April 1981. 8 tables.

  4. Computer-Aided Instruction and Communication Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Euler, Dieter

    1990-01-01

    Investigates effect of computer-aided instruction (CAI) on acquisition of communication skills. Sketches a tutorial of the basic communication structure. Recommends confining CAI to cognitive learning because CAI cannot advance communication skills. Maintains that integrating CAI in social arrangements will allow the computer to remain an…

  5. ERIP application instructions

    SciTech Connect

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  6. Evaluation and Assessment of a Biomechanics Computer-Aided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, N.; Parnianpour, M.; Fraser, J. M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Biomechanics Tutorial, a computer-aided instructional tool that was developed at Ohio State University to expedite the transition from lecture to application for undergraduate students. Reports evaluation results that used statistical analyses and student questionnaires to show improved performance on posttests as well as positive…

  7. Effective Computer Aided Instruction in Biomedical Science

    PubMed Central

    Hause, Lawrence L.

    1985-01-01

    A menu-driven Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) package was integrated with word processing and effectively applied in five curricula at the Medical College of Wisconsin. Integration with word processing facilitates the ease of CAI development by instructors and was found to be the most important step in the development of CAI. CAI modules were developed and are currently used to reinforce lectures in medical pathology, laboratory quality control, computer programming and basic science reviews of medicine. Modules help the lecturer efficiently cover fundamentals and provide the student with a self-directed learning alternative. A structured approach to CAI has helped build a CAI program which supports other traditional modes of instruction at MCW.

  8. Application of Adaptive Decision Aiding Systems to Computer-Assisted Instruction. Final Report, January-December 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Donald M.; And Others

    The minicomputer-based Computerized Diagnostic and Decision Training (CDDT) system described combines the principles of artificial intelligence, decision theory, and adaptive computer assisted instruction for training in electronic troubleshooting. The system incorporates an adaptive computer program which learns the student's diagnostic and…

  9. On-Line Authoring Aids for Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulz, Russel E.; And Others

    Since the usefulness of the Interservice Procedures for Instructional Systems Development (IPISD) depends on authoring aids which enable personnel to translate IPISD procedures into instructional products, this project examined the feasibility of providing such "how to do it" guidance for the instructional design and development tasks identified…

  10. Training Aids for Online Instruction: An Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guy, Robin Frederick

    This paper describes a number of different types of training aids currently employed in online training: non-interactive audiovisual presentations; interactive computer-based aids; partially interactive aids based on recorded searches; print-based materials; and kits. The advantages and disadvantages of each type of aid are noted, and a table…

  11. The Effects of Computer Aided Spelling Instruction and Traditional Spelling Instruction on Achievement and Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gore, Dolores; And Others

    This study compared the achievement scores for students receiving traditional spelling instruction to achievement scores earned with computer aided instruction. Similarly, attitude measures were compared for the same subjects. Fourth- and fifth-grade pupils received traditional spelling instruction for five weeks. For the next five weeks, students…

  12. Computer-Assisted Instruction in AIDS Infection Control for Physicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, T. J.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    A microcomputer program to provide health care workers with instruction in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) infection control was assessed by medical residents. The experimental group (n=24) acquired more knowledge than controls (n=33). Response to the method was positive, and computer-assisted instruction is seen as useful for AIDS…

  13. Engineered Adjustment Classroom: The Instructional Assistant Aide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spilker, George

    Described is the role of the teacher aide in the Papillion (Nebraska) Title III elementary level "engineered classroom" program which stresses accomplishment of academic goals by emotionally disturbed students. Noted is the aides' goal of carrying out students' prescriptions provided by the teacher and psychologist. Described are the aides' duties…

  14. Computer-Aided Collaborative Music Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffmann, James A.

    1991-01-01

    At the New England Conservatory of Music, computer-assisted instruction is used not only to teach harmony through collaborative learning and aural feedback, but also to bring the roles of composer, performer, and audience closer together. (SK)

  15. Computer Instructional Aids for Undergraduate Control Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volz, Richard A.; And Others

    Engineering is coming to rely more and more heavily upon the computer for computations, analyses, and graphic displays which aid the design process. A general purpose simulation system, the Time-shared Automatic Control Laboratory (TACL), and a set of computer-aided design programs, Control Oriented Interactive Graphic Analysis and Design…

  16. Opinions of Mathematics Teacher Candidates towards Applying 7E Instructional Model on Computer Aided Instruction Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yenilmez, Kursat; Ersoy, Mehmet

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine opinions of mathematics teacher candidates towards applying 7E instructional model on computer aided instruction environments. The descriptive case study model was used in this study. The sample of the study consists of 52 mathematics teacher candidates which were selected randomly from Eskisehir…

  17. Computer Aided Instruction in Teaching Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowell, David A.; Binette, Holly A. Lizotte

    This paper reports the results of two semesters of experience using computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to teach topics in program evaluation to undergraduate and graduate psychology students at California State University, Long Beach. (The topics addressed are models of evaluation, evaluability assessment, needs assessment, experimental and…

  18. Computer Aided Instruction in Teaching Thematic Mapping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumann, Paul R.

    A newly developed instructional system for introductory college geography links the computer with the geographer's most traditional and essential tool--the thematic map. The use of the computer overcomes the logistical and mechanical problems associated with the teaching of thematic mapping to large groups and helps the students to focus upon the…

  19. A Complete Interactive Graphical Computer-Aided Instruction System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrams, Steven Selby

    The use of interactive graphics in computer-aided instruction systems is discussed with emphasis placed on two requirements of such a system. The first is the need to provide the teacher with a useful tool with which to design and modify teaching sessions tailored to the individual needs and capabilities of the students. The second is the…

  20. Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction: A Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Novak, Mark

    1996-01-01

    Presents an evaluation of a computer-aided personalized system of instruction program in two undergraduate psychology courses. The computer presented short essay tests and arranged for students who had completed various assignments satisfactorily to help evaluate other students' mastery of those assignments. Student response generally was…

  1. Computer-Aided Instruction in Mathematics Remediation at a Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brocato, Mary Anne

    2009-01-01

    Over the past ten years, traditional lecture style delivery has given way to computer-aided instruction (CAI) in post-secondary education. Developmental mathematics courses have been one of the most widely used applications. At a small community college in the Mississippi Delta, a computer assisted version of Intermediate Algebra was implemented.…

  2. Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

    2009-01-01

    Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…

  3. Seen but Not Heard: ESEA and Instructional Aides in Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Karla C.

    2005-01-01

    Instructional aides were formally introduced to classrooms more than 40 years ago, but their jobs have changed over time. Instructional aides do more than prepare materials for teachers and monitor the lunchroom; they provide direct services to students. Most instructional aides care about their jobs and the students they work with, and sometimes…

  4. NALDA (Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis) CAI (computer aided instruction)

    SciTech Connect

    Handler, B.H. ); France, P.A.; Frey, S.C.; Gaubas, N.F.; Hyland, K.J.; Lindsey, A.M.; Manley, D.O. ); Hunnum, W.H. ); Smith, D.L. )

    1990-07-01

    Data Systems Engineering Organization (DSEO) personnel developed a prototype computer aided instruction CAI system for the Naval Aviation Logistics Data Analysis (NALDA) system. The objective of this project was to provide a CAI prototype that could be used as an enhancement to existing NALDA training. The CAI prototype project was performed in phases. The task undertaken in Phase I was to analyze the problem and the alternative solutions and to develop a set of recommendations on how best to proceed. The findings from Phase I are documented in Recommended CAI Approach for the NALDA System (Duncan et al., 1987). In Phase II, a structured design and specifications were developed, and a prototype CAI system was created. A report, NALDA CAI Prototype: Phase II Final Report, was written to record the findings and results of Phase II. NALDA CAI: Recommendations for an Advanced Instructional Model, is comprised of related papers encompassing research on computer aided instruction CAI, newly developing training technologies, instructional systems development, and an Advanced Instructional Model. These topics were selected because of their relevancy to the CAI needs of NALDA. These papers provide general background information on various aspects of CAI and give a broad overview of new technologies and their impact on the future design and development of training programs. The paper within have been index separately elsewhere.

  5. Assembly and insertion of a self-fitting hearing aid: design of effective instruction materials.

    PubMed

    Caposecco, Andrea; Hickson, Louise; Meyer, Carly

    2011-12-01

    A self-fitting hearing aid has been proposed as a viable option to meet the need for rehabilitation in areas where audiology services are unreliable. A successful outcome with a self-fitting hearing aid pivots in part on the clarity of the instructions accompanying the device. The aims of this article are (a) to review the literature to determine features that should be incorporated into written health-care materials and factors to consider in the design process when developing written instructions for a target audience of older adults and (b) to apply this information to the development of a set of written instructions as the first step in self-fitting of a hearing aid, assembling four parts and inserting the aid into the ear. The method involved a literature review of published peer reviewed research. The literature revealed four steps in the development of written health-care materials: planning, design, assessment of suitability, and pilot testing. Best practice design principles for each step were applied in the development of instructions for how to assemble and insert a hearing aid. Separate booklets were developed for the left and right aids and the content of each consisted of simple line drawings accompanied by captions. The reading level was Grade 3.5 equivalent and the Flesch Reading Ease Score was 91.1 indicating that the materials were "very easy" to read. It is essential to follow best practice design principles when developing written health-care materials to motivate the reader, maximize comprehension, and increase the likelihood of successful application of the content. PMID:22389434

  6. Computer-Aided-Instruction (user/CSO computer security training)

    SciTech Connect

    Twyman, J.A.

    1987-01-01

    This paper discusses a Computer-Aided-Instruction (CAI) course that has been implemented at Rocky Flats. Trying to train 2000 computer users and Computer Security Officers (CSO) has been a real dilemma at Rocky Flats. In order to resolve this problem, our Training Department implemented a CAI training course on Computer Security. Presently, we are training approximately 100 users/CSOs per month, and soon these numbers should increase. The duration of the User course is about an hour and the CSO's is about an hour and a half. CAI is being used on the unclassified VAX computer system in conjunction with IBM PC XTs.

  7. Computer-Aided Instruction in a Law Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunnage, Rosemary

    1989-01-01

    Describes the development of a computer assisted instruction (CAI) package for use in teaching basic aspects of legal research. The discussion covers implementation of effective CAI techniques, identification of learning principles applicable to the design of the program, and the feasibility of converting practical aspects of learning principles…

  8. Effect of Computer-Aided Instruction on Attitude and Achievement of Fifth Grade Math Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoemaker, Traci L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study was to test theories of constructivism and motivation, along with research-based teaching practices of differentiating instruction and instructing within a child's Zone of Proximal Development, in measuring the effect of computer-aided instruction on fifth grade students'…

  9. Effects of Instructional Aids on the Acquisition of Dynamic Decision-Making Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederiksen, Christian; Kehoe, E. James; Wood, Robert

    2011-01-01

    This study tested the effects of two instructional aids in a complex, dynamic environment, specifically, a business simulation. Participants studied (1) a "causal map," which depicted key variables in an interconnected network, (2) a textual outline of the same relationships, or (3) no-aid. With the relevant aid still available, the participants…

  10. 30 CFR 77.1704 - First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First aid training program; availability of... WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 77.1704 First aid training program; availability... shall make available to all miners employed in the mine a course of instruction in first aid...

  11. 30 CFR 77.1704 - First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First aid training program; availability of... WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 77.1704 First aid training program; availability... shall make available to all miners employed in the mine a course of instruction in first aid...

  12. 30 CFR 77.1704 - First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false First aid training program; availability of... WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 77.1704 First aid training program; availability... shall make available to all miners employed in the mine a course of instruction in first aid...

  13. 5 CFR 319.104 - Applicable instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicable instructions. 319.104 Section 319.104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT IN SENIOR-LEVEL AND SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS General § 319.104 Applicable instructions. Provisions in statute, Executive order,...

  14. Distance Education Instructional Model Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackman, Diane H.; Swan, Michael K.

    1995-01-01

    A survey of graduate students involved in distance education on North Dakota State University's Interactive Video Network included 80 on campus and 13 off. The instructional models rated most effective were role playing, simulation, jurisprudential (Socratic method), memorization, synectics, and inquiry. Direct instruction was rated least…

  15. WWC Quick Review of the Article "Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The study, "Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction," examined whether the "I CAN Learn"[R] computer-based curriculum is more effective than traditional classroom instruction at teaching pre-algebra and algebra concepts to middle- and high-school students. The study included about 1,600 students in 15 high schools…

  16. A Survey of Primary Bibliographic Instruction Methods and Aids Currently Used in Selected Canadian Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beristain, Maureen Fanning

    This study examines bibliographic instruction methods and aids currently being used in selected Canadian academic libraries. The project's objectives included identifying: the current state of bibliographic instruction; programs or special services offered for foreign students; changes or developments that have taken place in bibliographic…

  17. Adaptive Instructional Aids for Teaching a Blind Student in a Nonmajors College Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd-Kimball, Debra

    2012-01-01

    Adaptive tools and techniques for lecture instruction were developed for a blind student in a nonmajors college chemistry course. These adaptive instructional aids assisted the student in writing and balancing chemical reactions, calculating unit conversions and concentrations, drawing Lewis dot structures, understanding structural representations…

  18. Technology's Edge: The Educational Benefits of Computer-Aided Instruction. NBER Working Paper No. 14240

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrow, Lisa; Markman, Lisa; Rouse, Cecilia E.

    2008-01-01

    We present results from a randomized study of a well-defined use of computers in schools: a popular instructional computer program for pre-algebra and algebra. We assess the program using a test designed to target pre-algebra and algebra skills. Students randomly assigned to computer-aided instruction score 0.17 of a standard deviation higher on…

  19. New Spaces for Learning: Designing College Facilities to Utilize Instructional Aids and Media. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauf, Harold D.; And Others

    Colleges need appropriate large group instructional facilities for effective and efficient use of instructional aids and media. A well planned system of facilities must provide space for learning; production, origination, and support; storage and retrieval. Design begins with a building plan--a statement, made jointly by the administrator and…

  20. Performance Measures in Courses Using Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, C. R.; Pear, J. J.

    2008-01-01

    Archived data from four courses taught with computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI)--an online, self-paced, instructional program--were used to explore the relationship between objectively rescored final exam grades, peer reviewing, and progress rate--i.e., the rate at which students completed unit tests. There was a strong…

  1. Computer-Presented Organizational/Memory Aids as Instruction for Solving Pico-Fomi Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Esther R.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Describes investigation of effectiveness of computer-presented organizational/memory aids (matrix and verbal charts controlled by computer or learner) as instructional technique for solving Pico-Fomi problems, and the acquisition of deductive inference rules when such aids are present. Results indicate chart use control should be adapted to…

  2. Computer Aided Design: Instructional Manual. The North Dakota High Technology Mobile Laboratory Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Wan-Lee

    This instructional manual contains 12 learning activity packets for use in a workshop in computer-aided design and drafting (CADD). The lessons cover the following topics: introduction to computer graphics and computer-aided design/drafting; coordinate systems; advance space graphics hardware configuration and basic features of the IBM PC…

  3. Integrating Graphic Aids into Content Area Instruction: The Graphic Information Lesson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinking, David

    1986-01-01

    Considers the use of graphic aids with regard to readers' ability to integrate graphic with written information. Points out students' need for instructional activities that develop skills such as inference through information coordination of the graphic aid, text, and prior knowledge. Presents the three stages of the GIL. (JK)

  4. The Effects of Instruction by Teachers and Teacher Aides Upon the Performance of Pupils in a Direct Instructional Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahan, James Maurice

    After training in a direct instructional program can teacher aides teach cognitive skills in reading and arithmetic as competently as do classroom teachers who have been similarly trained? The subjects in this investigation were part of the Englemann-Becker Follow Through Program, an academic program for disadvantaged children in the early…

  5. Computer-Aided Instruction: College Algebra Students' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aichele, Douglas B.; Tree, D. Rae; Utley, Juliana; Wescoatt, Benjamin

    2012-01-01

    Technology permeates our daily lives; education has not been untouched. Liaw (2002) points out that "teachers, trainers, and instructional designers of computer-based or Web-based instruction would benefit by being more attentive to learners' perceptions toward Web-based environments." Reviewing the earlier research into student perceptions toward…

  6. Title I Instructional Aides' Training Sessions (Nampa, Idaho, School District 131, November 21, 1974-January 2, 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, Consuelo Q. de

    The four training sessions for instructional aides working with migrant children in the Nampa, Idaho school district included objectives to facilitate: (1) awareness of aide influence; (2) aide self-confidence; (3) comfortable interaction between aides and school district personnel; (4) problem detection and prevention; (5) the aide's role in…

  7. 30 CFR 75.1713-4 - First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First-aid training program; availability of... Miscellaneous § 75.1713-4 First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. On or before... the mine a course of instruction in first-aid conducted by the operator or under the auspices of...

  8. 30 CFR 75.1713-4 - First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First-aid training program; availability of... Miscellaneous § 75.1713-4 First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. On or before... the mine a course of instruction in first-aid conducted by the operator or under the auspices of...

  9. 30 CFR 75.1713-4 - First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false First-aid training program; availability of... Miscellaneous § 75.1713-4 First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. On or before... the mine a course of instruction in first-aid conducted by the operator or under the auspices of...

  10. Slide Star: An Approach to Videodisc/Computer Aided Instruction

    PubMed Central

    McEnery, Kevin W.

    1984-01-01

    One of medical education's primary goals is for the student to be proficient in the gross and microscopic identification of disease. The videodisc, with its storage capacity of up to 54,000 photomicrographs is ideally suited to assist in this educational process. “Slide Star” is a method of interactive instruction which is designed for use in any subject where it is essential to identify visual material. The instructional approach utilizes a computer controlled videodisc to display photomicrographs. In the demonstration program, these are slides of normal blood cells. The program is unique in that the instruction is created by the student's commands manipulating the photomicrograph data base. A prime feature is the use of computer generated multiple choice questions to reinforce the learning process.

  11. Teaching "Filing Rules"--Via Computer-Aided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agneberg, Craig

    A computer software package has been developed to teach and test students on the Rules for Alphabetical Filing of the Association of Records Managers and Administrators (ARMA). The following computer assisted instruction principles were used in developing the program: gaining attention, stating objectives, providing direction, reviewing…

  12. Digital Libraries as Instructional Aids for Knowledge Construction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Richard E.; Smith, Terrence R.; Borgman, Christine L.; Smart, Laura J.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how the Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype (ADEPT), a large-scale digital library project, can be used to assist college instructors in designing lessons. Examines two instructional aspects of digital libraries: personalized knowledge bases (the knowledge of any domain), and structured views of the knowledge base (a subset of the…

  13. Introduction to Computer Aided Instruction in the Language Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughett, Harvey L.

    The first half of this book focuses on the rationale, ideas, and information for the use of technology, including microcomputers, to improve language teaching efficiency. Topics discussed include foreign language computer assisted instruction (CAI), hardware and software selection, computer literacy, educational computing organizations, ease of…

  14. A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 16: Forms and Publications. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Module 16 (in a 17-module self-instructional course on student financial aid administration for novice financial aid administrators and other institutional personnel) discusses forms and publications that should be developed and used by the financial aid office. The full course is an introduction to the management of federal financial aid programs…

  15. Application of compiler-assisted multiple instruction rollback recovery to speculative execution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alewine, N. J.; Fuchs, W. K.; Hwu, W.-M.

    1993-01-01

    Speculative execution is a method to increase instruction level parallelism which can be exploited by both super-scalar and VLIW architectures. The key to a successful general speculation strategy is a repair mechanism to handle mispredicted branches and accurate reporting of exceptions for speculated instructions. Multiple instruction rollback is a technique developed for recovery from transient processor failure. Many of the difficulties encountered during recovery from branch misprediction or from instruction re-execution due to exception in a speculative execution architecture are similar to those encountered during multiple instruction rollback. The applicability of a recently developed compiler-assisted multiple instruction rollback scheme to aid in speculative execution repair is investigated. Extensions to the compiler-assisted scheme to support branch and exception repair are presented along with performance measurements across ten application programs.

  16. The Use of Computers to Aid Instruction in Beginning Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandey, Robert C.

    1971-01-01

    Describes computer-aided lessons for determining chemical formulas from composition by weight, quantities from chemical equations, and balancing equations for oxidation-reduction reactions. Lessons were developed and used on the PLATO system at the University of Illinois. A brief analysis of student attitudes and of effectiveness of the programs…

  17. Nutrition Aide. Curriculum. Competency-Based Vocational Education Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkley, Margaret; Dillon, Nancy

    This curriculum guide provides materials for a course to prepare students for the occupation of nutrition aide. Fifteen modules are provided. They are self-contained and require little effort on the instructor's part aside from scoring posttests and providing equipment. Each module consists of a cover sheet that details job skills, performance…

  18. THREE-DIMENSIONAL TEACHING AIDS FOR TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL INSTRUCTION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ROSENGREN, HAROLD J.

    THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS ARE USED WITH GREAT EFFECTIVENESS AS TEACHING AIDS. CONCEPTS CAN BE MUCH MORE READILY UNDERSTOOD WHEN SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIPS AND IDEAS ARE SIMPLIFIED, EXAGGERATED, AND PRESENTED AS WORKING MODELS. THESE MODELS CAN BE CONSTRUCTED BY TEACHERS AND/OR STUDENTS. THE FOLLOWING CONSIDERATIONS SHOULD BE KEPT IN MIND--THE AID…

  19. A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 17--Evaluation of Student Aid Management: Self-Evaluation, Audit, and Program Review. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

    The 17th module in the 17-module self-instructional course on student financial aid administration discusses the evaluation of student aid management in terms of self-evaluation, audit, and program review. The full course offers a systematic introduction to the management of federal financial aid programs authorized by Title IV of the Higher…

  20. 5 CFR 319.104 - Applicable instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Applicable instructions. 319.104 Section 319.104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT... service positions and employment apply to positions and employment under the SL and ST systems...

  1. 5 CFR 319.104 - Applicable instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable instructions. 319.104 Section 319.104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT... service positions and employment apply to positions and employment under the SL and ST systems...

  2. 5 CFR 319.104 - Applicable instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable instructions. 319.104 Section 319.104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT... service positions and employment apply to positions and employment under the SL and ST systems...

  3. 5 CFR 319.104 - Applicable instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable instructions. 319.104 Section 319.104 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT... service positions and employment apply to positions and employment under the SL and ST systems...

  4. Computer Aided Drafting Curriculum for Vocational Drafting. A Competency Based Unit of Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Greg

    This document contains (1) the final report of a project to develop a computer-aided drafting (CAD) curriculum and (2) a competency-based unit of instruction for use with the CADAPPLE system. The final report states the problem and project objective, presents conclusions and recommendations, and includes survey instruments. The unit is designed…

  5. Computer Aided Instruction and Problem Solving in the Teaching of Oral Diagnosis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Judson; Gobetti, John P.

    A computer-assisted instructional (CAI) program is being used at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry to aid in the teaching of oral diagnosis to dental students. The program is designed to simulate a real life situation--i.e., the diagnosis of patient illness-which would not be otherwise available to the student and to demonstrate to…

  6. A Compliance Review of HIV/AIDS Instruction in New York City Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    A team from the New York State Education Department examined the regulatory compliance of the human immunodeficiency virus acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) instructional program of the New York City Public Schools and assessed the policies and procedures of the New York City Central Board of Education and community school districts…

  7. The Impacts of a Web-Aided Instructional Simulation on Science Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Ying-Shao; Thomas, Rex A.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the effects of selected characteristics of a web-aided instructional simulation on students' conceptual change, problem solving, and transfer abilities. Conducts a two-pronged research study with (n=117) students enrolled in a beginning meteorology course at Iowa State University. Compares three groups--with-log group, without-log…

  8. Using the Web To Improve Computer-Aided Instruction in Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Joseph I.

    1999-01-01

    Believes that the World Wide Web has great potential for delivering interactive computer-aided instruction using programming language like Java and Javascript. Describes a website on object-oriented microeconomics that integrates a textbook, mini-lecture series, graphical calculator, animated drawing program, spreadsheet, and regression package.…

  9. 30 CFR 77.1704 - First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. 77.1704 Section 77.1704 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL...

  10. 30 CFR 77.1704 - First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false First aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. 77.1704 Section 77.1704 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS, SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL...

  11. Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

    2008-01-01

    Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

  12. Wusor II: A Computer Aided Instruction Program with Student Modelling Capabilities. AI Memo 417.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Brian

    Wusor II is the second intelligent computer aided instruction (ICAI) program that has been developed to monitor the progress of, and offer suggestions to, students playing Wumpus, a computer game designed to teach logical thinking and problem solving. From the earlier efforts with Wusor I, it was possible to produce a rule-based expert which…

  13. Level of Interactivity of Videodisc Instruction on College Students' Recall of AIDS Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kritch, Kale M.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Two experiments confirmed the greater effectiveness of constructed-response interactive videodisc instruction when compared to a click-to-continue or passive viewing formats on posttest recall of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) information by 101 college students. The necessity of constructing answers appears to be an important factor…

  14. Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction for the Virtual Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinser, W.; Pear, J. J.

    1988-01-01

    Describes a computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI) and its implementations for both on-campus and off-campus teaching at the University of Manitoba. Highlights include electronic mail, student reactions, the use of data that are saved throughout the course, and future possibilities. (Author/LRW)

  15. Two Instructional Aids to Optimise Processing and Learning from Instructional Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roelle, Julian; Berthold, Kirsten; Renkl, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Although instructional explanations are commonly used to introduce learners to new learning content, previous studies have often shown that their effects on learning outcomes are minimal. This failure might partly be due to mental passivity of the learners while processing introductory explanations and to a lack of opportunity to revise potential…

  16. A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 10: The Pell Grant Program. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Module 10 of a 17-module self-instructional course in student financial aid administration (for novice student financial aid officers and other institutional personnel) examines the Pell Grant program's eligibility requirements and award calculation procedures. It is part of a complete system teaching management of federal financial aid programs…

  17. Effects of Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction in Developing Knowledge and Critical Thinking in Blended Learning Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Svenningsen, Louis; Pear, Joseph J.

    2011-01-01

    Two experiments were conducted to assess an online version of Keller's personalized system of instruction, called computer-aided personalized system of instruction (CAPSI), as part of a blended learning design with regard to course knowledge and critical thinking development. In Experiment 1, two lecture sections of an introduction to University…

  18. Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

    1997-01-01

    Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

  19. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Report of Condition and Performance § 621.12 Applicability and general instructions. (a)...

  20. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Report of Condition and Performance § 621.12 Applicability and general instructions. (a)...

  1. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Report of Condition and Performance § 621.12 Applicability and general instructions. (a)...

  2. Applications of Parsing Theory to Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markosian, Lawrence Z.; Ager, Tryg A.

    1983-01-01

    Applications of an LR-1 parsing algorithm to intelligent programs for computer assisted instruction in symbolic logic and foreign languages are discussed. The system has been adequately used for diverse instructional applications, including analysis of student input, generation of pattern drills, and modeling the student's understanding of the…

  3. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Report of Condition and Performance § 621.12 Applicability and general instructions. (a)...

  4. 12 CFR 621.12 - Applicability and general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicability and general instructions. 621.12 Section 621.12 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Report of Condition and Performance § 621.12 Applicability and general instructions. (a)...

  5. 46 CFR 201.76 - Applications for Government aid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for Government aid. 201.76 Section 201.76... Government aid. Applications for operating-differential subsidies, charter of Government-owned vessels, and other types of Government aid shall conform to the requirements set forth in the various general...

  6. 46 CFR 201.76 - Applications for Government aid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Applications for Government aid. 201.76 Section 201.76... Government aid. Applications for operating-differential subsidies, charter of Government-owned vessels, and other types of Government aid shall conform to the requirements set forth in the various general...

  7. 43 CFR 26.7 - Application format and instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ESTABLISHING YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS PROGRAMS § 26.7 Application format and instructions. Grant application... and female youth planned for project, including youth leaders. (7) Type of project (7-day...

  8. 43 CFR 26.7 - Application format and instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ESTABLISHING YOUTH CONSERVATION CORPS PROGRAMS § 26.7 Application format and instructions. Grant application... and female youth planned for project, including youth leaders. (7) Type of project (7-day...

  9. Instructional Microcomputer Applications by Business Teachers in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambrecht, Judith J.

    Data were collected from Minnesota secondary and postsecondary business teachers regarding their instructional microcomputer applications and their attitudes about several instructional computing issues. Usable surveys were returned by 342 teachers in 236 schools. The predominant brand of computer at the secondary level was the Apple II; most…

  10. Expert Systems in Education and Training: Automated Job Aids or Sophisticated Instructional Media?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romiszowski, Alexander J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes the current status and limitations of expert systems, and explores the possible applications of such systems in education and training. The use of expert systems as tutors, as job aids, and as a vehicle for students to develop their own expert systems on specific topics are discussed. (40 references) (CLB)

  11. The Effects of Spatial Visualization Ability and Graphical Navigational Aids on Cognitive Load and Learning from Web-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morozov, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This study contributes to research investigating the effects of individual differences and online instructional design on learning. Learning performance was compared across three hypertext formats incorporating different navigational aids. The hierarchical map represented the physical structure of the hypertext in one condition, while the network…

  12. 30 CFR 75.1713-4 - First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. 75.1713-4 Section 75.1713-4 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1713-4...

  13. 30 CFR 75.1713-4 - First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false First-aid training program; availability of instruction to all miners. 75.1713-4 Section 75.1713-4 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Miscellaneous § 75.1713-4...

  14. Effects of Logo and Computer-Aided Instruction on Arithmetical Ability among 7- and 8- Year-Old Zimbabwean Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, David; Lavelle, Susu

    1992-01-01

    Compared the effects of LOGO Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI), and a standard curriculum without computer exposure among grade three Zimbabwean children. No significant differences were found between the groups exposed to LOGO and to CAI, but both achieved significantly greater gains that the groups without computer exposure. Results suggest that…

  15. Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction: An Effective and Economical Method for Short- and Long-Distance Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Kinsner, W.

    1988-01-01

    Describes a computer program based on Keller's Personalized System of Instruction that has been used for on-campus and off-campus teaching by the University of Manitoba. Highlights include electronic mail, student attitudes and roles, costs, suggestions for future research, and examples from computer-aided personalized system of instruction…

  16. Is Computer-Aided Instruction an Effective Tier-One Intervention for Kindergarten Students at Risk for Reading Failure in an Applied Setting?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreskey, Donna DeVaughn; Truscott, Stephen D.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the use of computer-aided instruction (CAI) as an intervention for kindergarten students at risk for reading failure. Headsprout Early Reading (Headsprout 2005), a type of CAI, provides internet-based, reading instruction incorporating the critical components of reading instruction cited by the National Reading Panel (NRP…

  17. The use of computer-aided learning in chemistry laboratory instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allred, Brian Robert Tracy

    This research involves developing and implementing computer software for chemistry laboratory instruction. The specific goal is to design the software and investigate whether it can be used to introduce concepts and laboratory procedures without a lecture format. This would allow students to conduct an experiment even though they may not have been introduced to the chemical concept in their lecture course. This would also allow for another type of interaction for those students who respond more positively to a visual approach to instruction. The first module developed was devoted to using computer software to help introduce students to the concepts related to thin-layer chromatography and setting up and running an experiment. This was achieved through the use of digitized pictures and digitized video clips along with written information. A review quiz was used to help reinforce the learned information. The second module was devoted to the concept of the "dry lab". This module presented students with relevant information regarding the chemical concepts and then showed them the outcome of mixing solutions. By these observations, they were to determine the composition of unknown solutions based on provided descriptions and comparison with their written observations. The third piece of the software designed was a computer game. This program followed the first two modules in providing information the students were to learn. The difference here, though, was incorporating a game scenario for students to use to help reinforce the learning. Students were then assessed to see how much information they retained after playing the game. In each of the three cases, a control group exposed to the traditional lecture format was used. Their results were compared to the experimental group using the computer modules. Based upon the findings, it can be concluded that using technology to aid in the instructional process is definitely of benefit and students were more successful in

  18. Comparing eLearning and Classroom Instruction on HIV/AIDS Knowledge Uptake and Internalizing among South African and Irish Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Zyl, Hendra; Visser, Pieter; van Wyk, Elmarie; Laubscher, Ria

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Innovative public health approaches are required to improve human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) education and prevention among adolescents, one of the most vulnerable groups to HIV/AIDS. Consequently, elearning and classroom instruction was assessed for HIV/AIDS knowledge uptake and internalizing…

  19. Computer aided instruction for the Shipboard Nontactical ADP Program (SNAP-I)

    SciTech Connect

    Duncan, L.D.; Christian, J.L.; Handler, B.H.; Huntley, A.F.; Bryant, R.A.; Hammons, C.E.; Hume, R.; Sparks, S.G.

    1986-08-01

    The objective of this project was to provide a prototype that would enhance training and could be used as a shipboard refresher and retraining tool. The prototype system will be installed onboard ships where Navy personnel will have ready access to the training. Subsequent testing and evaluation of the prototype could provide the basis for a Navy-wide effort to implement computer aided instruction. The design and development stages of the project followed a rigorous structured analysis methodology based on the Yourdon/DeMarco techniques. Data flow diagrams and a data dictionary were developed, which served as guideposts for the analysts throughout the remainder of the project. Additionally, a method for automatically generating standardized COBOL code using a data management system was developed. When compiled, the generated code accounted for greater than half of the prototype system. The problems encountered during design and development revolved around requirements to use existing hardware, software, and programmer capabilities for development, implementation, and maintenance of the instructional software. Solutions were developed which will allow the software to exist in the given environment and still provide advanced features not available in commercial courseware systems, including: (1) a customized help option with diagrams and descriptions of the SNAP-1 terminal keyboard and a glossary of Navy terms and acronyms; (2) a security system which provides information to assist the course monitor in determining that the person assigned was actually the person who took the course; (3) an intelligent interface that enables the student to ask questions, make comments, and get replies, which simulate live student-teacher interaction; and (4) an online evaluation of the course by the student.

  20. 43 CFR 32.7 - Application format, instructions, and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Application format, instructions, and guidelines. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior GRANTS TO STATES FOR ESTABLISHING YOUNG ADULT CONSERVATION CORPS (YACC) PROGRAM § 32.7 Application format,...

  1. 43 CFR 32.7 - Application format, instructions, and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application format, instructions, and guidelines. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior GRANTS TO STATES FOR ESTABLISHING YOUNG ADULT CONSERVATION CORPS (YACC) PROGRAM § 32.7 Application format,...

  2. 43 CFR 32.7 - Application format, instructions, and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Application format, instructions, and guidelines. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior GRANTS TO STATES FOR ESTABLISHING YOUNG ADULT CONSERVATION CORPS (YACC) PROGRAM § 32.7 Application format,...

  3. 43 CFR 32.7 - Application format, instructions, and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Application format, instructions, and guidelines. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior GRANTS TO STATES FOR ESTABLISHING YOUNG ADULT CONSERVATION CORPS (YACC) PROGRAM § 32.7 Application format,...

  4. 43 CFR 32.7 - Application format, instructions, and guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Application format, instructions, and guidelines. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior GRANTS TO STATES FOR ESTABLISHING YOUNG ADULT CONSERVATION CORPS (YACC) PROGRAM § 32.7 Application format,...

  5. 33 CFR 138.60 - Applications, general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... FOR WATER POLLUTION (VESSELS) AND OPA 90 LIMITS OF LIABILITY (VESSELS AND DEEPWATER PORTS) Financial Responsibility for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.60 Applications, general instructions. (a) You may obtain an Application for Vessel Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water Pollution) (Form CG-5585) by...

  6. 33 CFR 138.60 - Applications, general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... FOR WATER POLLUTION (VESSELS) AND OPA 90 LIMITS OF LIABILITY (VESSELS AND DEEPWATER PORTS) Financial Responsibility for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.60 Applications, general instructions. (a) You may obtain an Application for Vessel Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water Pollution) (Form CG-5585) by...

  7. 33 CFR 138.60 - Applications, general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... FOR WATER POLLUTION (VESSELS) AND OPA 90 LIMITS OF LIABILITY (VESSELS AND DEEPWATER PORTS) Financial Responsibility for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.60 Applications, general instructions. (a) You may obtain an Application for Vessel Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water Pollution) (Form CG-5585) by...

  8. 33 CFR 138.60 - Applications, general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... FOR WATER POLLUTION (VESSELS) AND OPA 90 LIMITS OF LIABILITY (VESSELS AND DEEPWATER PORTS) Financial Responsibility for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.60 Applications, general instructions. (a) You may obtain an Application for Vessel Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water Pollution) (Form CG-5585) by...

  9. 33 CFR 138.60 - Applications, general instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... FOR WATER POLLUTION (VESSELS) AND OPA 90 LIMITS OF LIABILITY (VESSELS AND DEEPWATER PORTS) Financial Responsibility for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.60 Applications, general instructions. (a) You may obtain an Application for Vessel Certificate of Financial Responsibility (Water Pollution) (Form CG-5585) by...

  10. Instruction-level performance modeling and characterization of multimedia applications

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Y.; Cameron, K.W.

    1999-06-01

    One of the challenges for characterizing and modeling realistic multimedia applications is the lack of access to source codes. On-chip performance counters effectively resolve this problem by monitoring run-time behaviors at the instruction-level. This paper presents a novel technique of characterizing and modeling workloads at the instruction level for realistic multimedia applications using hardware performance counters. A variety of instruction counts are collected from some multimedia applications, such as RealPlayer, GSM Vocoder, MPEG encoder/decoder, and speech synthesizer. These instruction counts can be used to form a set of abstract characteristic parameters directly related to a processor`s architectural features. Based on microprocessor architectural constraints and these calculated abstract parameters, the architectural performance bottleneck for a specific application can be estimated. Meanwhile, the bottleneck estimation can provide suggestions about viable architectural/functional improvement for certain workloads. The biggest advantage of this new characterization technique is a better understanding of processor utilization efficiency and architectural bottleneck for each application. This technique also provides predictive insight of future architectural enhancements and their affect on current codes. In this paper the authors also attempt to model architectural effect on processor utilization without memory influence. They derive formulas for calculating CPI{sub 0}, CPI without memory effect, and they quantify utilization of architectural parameters. These equations are architecturally diagnostic and predictive in nature. Results provide promise in code characterization, and empirical/analytical modeling.

  11. 44 CFR 9.17 - Instructions to applicants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.17 Instructions to... must respond to a number of floodplain management and wetland protection responsibilities before... recognize and reflect in their application: (1) The Agency's policy on floodplain management and...

  12. 44 CFR 9.17 - Instructions to applicants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.17 Instructions to... must respond to a number of floodplain management and wetland protection responsibilities before... recognize and reflect in their application: (1) The Agency's policy on floodplain management and...

  13. 44 CFR 9.17 - Instructions to applicants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.17 Instructions to... must respond to a number of floodplain management and wetland protection responsibilities before... recognize and reflect in their application: (1) The Agency's policy on floodplain management and...

  14. 44 CFR 9.17 - Instructions to applicants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.17 Instructions to... must respond to a number of floodplain management and wetland protection responsibilities before... recognize and reflect in their application: (1) The Agency's policy on floodplain management and...

  15. 44 CFR 9.17 - Instructions to applicants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.17 Instructions to... must respond to a number of floodplain management and wetland protection responsibilities before... recognize and reflect in their application: (1) The Agency's policy on floodplain management and...

  16. Online Employment Applications: Employer Preferences and Instructional Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Myrena S.; Carnes, Lana W.; Whitaker, Vicki K.

    2001-01-01

    A survey identified business preferences and practices of 46 employers related to the online job application process; 28% had format preferences; 28% accepted resumes via their websites; 78% found electronic follow-up letters acceptable. Implications for instruction in business communications courses were derived. (JOW)

  17. Effectiveness of Audio on Screen Captures in Software Application Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veronikas, Susan Walsh; Maushak, Nancy

    2005-01-01

    Presentation of software instruction has been supported by manuals and textbooks consisting of screen captures, but a multimedia approach may increase learning outcomes. This study investigated the effects of modality (text, audio, or dual) on the achievement and attitudes of college students learning a software application through the computer.…

  18. Technology-Aided Interventions and Instruction for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odom, Samuel L.; Thompson, Julie L.; Hedges, Susan; Boyd, Brian A.; Dykstra, Jessica R.; Duda, Michelle A.; Szidon, Kathrine L.; Smith, Leann E.; Bord, Aimee

    2015-01-01

    The use of technology in intervention and instruction for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is increasing at a striking rate. The purpose of this paper is to examine the research literature underlying the use of technology in interventions and instruction for high school students with ASD. In this paper, authors propose a theoretical…

  19. Design Considerations in Development of Minicomputer-Based Computer Aided Instructional Hardware Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, C. H.

    A minicomputer-based computer-assisted instructional (CAI) system was designed at the University of Texas Medical Branch in an attempt to lower both the excessive hardware costs and the inordinate amount of time required for the preparation of each hour of instructional material associated with traditional CAI systems. A prototype system with an…

  20. 77 FR 28573 - Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-15

    ... Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education ACTION: Notice. Overview Information Impact Aid... Aid Discretionary Construction Grant program provides grants for emergency repairs and...

  1. 78 FR 13646 - Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... Applications for New Awards; Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information Impact Aid... Impact Aid Discretionary Construction Grant program provides grants for emergency repairs...

  2. MICA at Sherman School (An Application of Computer Managed Instruction)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anglin, Leo

    1974-01-01

    The perpetual problem of being overwhelmed by instructional paper work resulting from an individualized instructional program led to the development of Managed Instruction with Computer Assistance (MICA) for use by the Sherman Elementary School staff in Madison, Wisconsin. (Author)

  3. 78 FR 55689 - Applications for Fiscal Year 2014 Awards; Impact Aid Section 8002 Grant Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-11

    ... Applications for Fiscal Year 2014 Awards; Impact Aid Section 8002 Grant Program AGENCY: Office of Elementary... for the Impact Aid fiscal year 2014 Section 8002 Grant Program. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance... applications for Impact Aid fiscal year 2014 section 8002 grants to October 11, 2013. Impact Aid...

  4. A Reference-Librarian Model for Computer-Aided Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Binkley, R. David; Parrott, James R.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a computerized reference and bibliographic instruction system currently under development at the University of Waterloo Library. The functions of the system, which will include query negotiation, suggestions for research strategies, referral to appropriate reference materials, information on library services and locations, and library…

  5. Evaluation of Web-Based Computer-Aided Instruction in a Basic Science Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, John A.; Halama, James; Dauzvardis, Michael F.; Espiritu, Baltazar

    2000-01-01

    Assessed use of server statistics to evaluate utilization of web-based computer assisted instruction (CAI) in the undergraduate medical curriculum. No correlation was found between students' computer literacy at matriculation and subsequent levels of CAI use. Utilization of CAI developed for specific course objectives coincided closely with course…

  6. Effects of Text, Audio, and Graphic Aids in Multimedia Instruction for Vocabulary Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Daesang; Gilman, David A.

    2008-01-01

    This study is an investigation of the use of multimedia components such as visual text, spoken text, and graphics in a Web-based self-instruction program to increase learners' English vocabulary learning at Myungin Middle School in Seoul, South Korea. A total of 172 middle school students (14 years of age) in five classes participated in the…

  7. Anatomical Instruction: Curriculum Development and the Efficient Use of Audio-Visual Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sistek, Vladimir; Harrison, John

    1978-01-01

    Argues that the proper use of the tools of instructional technology, and familiarity with the principles governing their use, are prerequisites for professionalism in teaching. The development of a pilot series of conceptual multi-media modules in anatomy is described. (VT)

  8. Alternative Delivery Systems for the Computer-Aided Instruction Study Management System (CAISMS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nievergelt, Jurg; And Others

    The Computer-Assisted Instruction Study Management System (CAISMS) was developed and implemented on the PLATO system to monitor and guide student study of text materials. It administers assignments, gives quizzes, and automatically keeps track of a student's progress. This report describes CAISMS and several hypothetical implementations of CAISMS…

  9. The Benefits of Using a Course Disk to Aid in the Instruction of Statistics Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perrett, Jamis J.

    2010-01-01

    A course disk in either CD or DVD format can be very beneficial to online, hybrid, or distance courses in statistics as well as traditional on-campus courses, augmenting existing technologies like course management systems. A typical course disk may include the syllabus and course outline, calendar, instructions, lecture notes and lecture…

  10. Development of Ideas in a GeoGebra-Aided Mathematics Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ljajko, Eugen; Ibro, Vait

    2013-01-01

    With GeoGebra introduced into mathematics instruction the teaching/learning process is not improved in terms of speed and quality only. Mathematical concepts, rules and procedures must be adjusted to the new environment. On the other hand, characteristics of the computer and the educational software in use must be thoroughly examined and a…

  11. Effects of Self-Regulatory Instructional Aids on Self-Directed Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bednall, Timothy C.; Kehoe, E. James

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of providing instructional support for the self-regulation of a self-directed homework assignment. Across four parallel experiments, university students completed an online module on critical thinking. In Experiment 1, participants who were prompted on a broad spectrum of study strategies showed superior…

  12. How to make the fourth revolution: Human factors in the adoption of electronic instructional aids

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Demerath, N. J.; Daniels, L. A.

    1973-01-01

    The prospects and problems of getting higher education in the United States (high school and above) to more fully utilize electronic technologies are examined. Sociological, psychological, and political factors are analyzed to determine the feasibility of adopting electronic instructional techniques. Differences in organizations, attitudes, and customs of different kinds of students, teachers, administrators, and publics are crucial factors in innovation.

  13. Harvard University Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) Laboratory. Technical Report Number 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stolurow, Lawrence M.; Peterson, Theodore I.

    This report is a detailed description of the Harvard CAI Laboratory, including its history, organization, functions, staffing, programs and support. Discussed are materials relating to CAI in general, such as psychological research, modes of instruction, advantages and implementation of CAI. Reviewed also are specific projects of this facility. A…

  14. 48 CFR 252.247-7028 - Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions. 252.247-7028 Section 252.247-7028 Federal Acquisition.... Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions. As prescribed in 247.207, use the following clause: Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions (JUN 2012) (a) Except as provided...

  15. A Personal Application of Learning Theory to the Design of Computer Assisted Instruction in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Terry

    The application of behavioral and cognitive learning theories to the design of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) at the college level is discussed. A model of instructional design and the unique qualities of computers are also briefly reviewed. The general model of instruction, which is used for designing a curriculum, has five major components:…

  16. Mediators of a Preservice Teacher's Use of the Inquiry-Application Instructional Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunckel, Kristin L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on one preservice teacher's use of the Inquiry-Application Instructional Model (I-AIM) to plan and teach an instructional sequence on photosynthesis to 5th-grade students. Analysis of the preservice teacher's planned and enacted instructional sequences and interviews shows that the preservice teacher was successful in leveraging…

  17. ERIP application instructions. Final report, September 12, 1990--December 31, 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  18. FMTUTOR: a computer-aided instructional system for teaching fetal monitor interpretation.

    PubMed

    Catanzarite, V A

    1987-05-01

    FMTUTOR is a computer program for instruction in the interpretation of fetal monitor recordings. The system runs on IBM-PC-compatible microcomputers and uses text and computer graphics to illustrate and reinforce important concepts. By means of a 2-hour introductory tutorial session and generation and guided interpretation of an unlimited variety of tracings, it simulates one-on-one instructor-student interactions and allows rapid accumulation of a store of information and experience in monitor tracing interpretation. FMTUTOR is currently used to teach third- and fourth-year medical students at the University of New Mexico. Acceptance has been enthusiastic, and development of more advanced instructional systems targeting nurses, residents, and obstetricians is underway. PMID:3555084

  19. Problem-Solving Instruction as an Oral Comprehension Aid for Reading Disabled Third Graders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, Brenda H.

    1984-01-01

    All three problem-solving approaches (cognitive monitoring, creative problem solving, and a combination) aided the oral comprehension of 100 reading disabled third graders. The combination approach produced consistently higher mean scores on the group administered Boehm Test of Basic Competencies than either program separately. (CL)

  20. Teaching First-Aid Skills to Students with Moderate Handicaps in Small Group Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gast, David L.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Task analysis and backward chaining were used to teach four young adults with moderate mental disabilities basic first aid skills for simulated cuts, burns, and insect bites. Following training, students were able to apply skills to a nonhandicapped peer. Maintenance probes at 1 to 18 weeks posttraining indicated mixed results. Social validation…

  1. Effects of First Aid Training Using Small Group Instruction with Young Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timko, Tamara C.; Sainato, Diane M.

    1999-01-01

    A study involving 9 children (ages 41-69 months) examined the effects of a first aid training procedure on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of seeking adult assistance in response to simulated injuries. All participants were successful in acquiring the response and obtaining adult assistance as well as responding quickly.…

  2. A Model Curriculum and Teaching Guide for the Instruction of the Homemaker-Home Health Aide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council for Homemaker-Home Health Aide Services, New York, NY.

    The purpose of this model curriculum and teaching guide is to assist agencies, educational institutions, and other groups to plan, organize, and provide the initial training needed by homemaker-home health aides. Persons aged 35-60 are considered most desirable as trainees, but indication of maturity is more appropriate as a criterion. Based on…

  3. Feasibility of Producing Synchronized Video Tapes as Instructional Aids in the Study of Music; Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skapski, George J.

    As an innovative aid to the study of music, recordings were made of musical performances and later synchronized with musical notations. To make the structures of the music more readily visible, and after experimenting with the use of staff notation, the author-developed "Nota-Graph" notation system was used. In this notation, there are three…

  4. The Efficiency of Computer-Aided Instruction and Creative Drama on Academic Achievement in Teaching of Integers to Seventh Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Abdullah; Özturk, Mesut; Ertör, Eren

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to compare computer-aided instruction, creative drama and traditional teaching methods in teaching of Integers to the seventh grade students. The study was conducted in a primary school with eighty-seven students (N=87) in a county of Agri, in spring term of academic year 2011-2012. A non equivalent control group quasi experimental…

  5. California Department of Education and California Community College Chancellor's Office Vocational and Technical Education Computer-Managed and Aided Instruction Project: Project Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    This description of the Computer-Managed and Aided Instruction (CMAI) Project includes a summary of a December 1989 CMAI planning meeting, the text of a paper presented at the meeting, and descriptions of each of the five phases of the project. The paper, "Programming the Future," by Gerald C. Angove and Scott Smith, discusses: (1) the…

  6. Computer-Aided Instruction in Education Basics for Indian Students. Proceedings of the Indian Education Conference (Orem, Utah, June 28-30, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, J. D.; Sawyer, T. E.

    A 3-phase project to adapt, develop, and evaluate computer-aided instructional materials in elementary education basics (specifically word recognition, reading comprehension, and mathematics) for Alaska Native and American Indian students included in its design and planning phase a conference with project staff and six nationally recognized…

  7. Satellite-aided mobile communications, experiments, applications and prospects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, R. E.; Frey, R. L.; Lewis, J. R.; Milton, R. T.

    1980-01-01

    NASA's ATS-series of satellites were used in a series of communications and position fixing experiments with automotive vehicles, ships and aircraft. Applications of the communications were demonstrated and evaluated for public services including law enforcement, search and rescue, and medical emergency, and for commercial uses in the land and maritime transportation industries. The technical success of the experiments and the demonstrated potential value of the communications prompted a study that concluded an operational satellite-aided system would be a valuable augmentation of planned trunking or cellular type terrestrial mobile radio telephone systems.

  8. 16 CFR 803.2 - Instructions applicable to Notification and Report Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Instructions applicable to Notification and Report Form. 803.2 Section 803.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.2 Instructions applicable...

  9. Transfer of Learning: The Effects of Different Instruction Methods on Software Application Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Mark E.

    2010-01-01

    Human Resource Departments (HRD), especially instructors, are challenged to keep pace with rapidly changing computer software applications and technology. The problem under investigation revealed after instruction of a software application if a particular method of instruction was a predictor of transfer of learning, when other risk factors were…

  10. A Student Response System in an Electronic Classroom: Technology Aids for Large Classroom Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ober, D.; Errington, P.; Islam, S.; Robertson, T.; Watson, J.

    1997-10-01

    In the fall of 1996, thirteen (13) classrooms on the Ball State campus were equipped with technological aids to enhance learning in large classrooms (for typically 100 students or larger). Each classroom was equipped with the following built-in equipment: computer, zip drive, laser disc player, VCR, LAN and Internet connection, TV monitors, and Elmo overhead camera with large-screen projection system. This past fall semester a student response system was added to a 108-seat classroom in the Physics and Astronomy department for use with large General Education courses. Each student seat was equipped with a hardwired hand-held unit possessing input capabilities and LCD feedback for the student. The introduction of the student response system was added in order enhance more active learning by students in the large classroom environment. Attendance, quizzes, hour exams, and in-class surveys are early uses for the system; initial reactions by student and faculty users will be given.

  11. Augmented reality application utility for aviation maintenance work instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pourcho, John Bryan

    Current aviation maintenance work instructions do not display information effectively enough to prevent costly errors and safety concerns. Aircraft are complex assemblies of highly interrelated components that confound troubleshooting and can make the maintenance procedure difficult (Drury & Gramopadhye, 2001). The sophisticated nature of aircraft maintenance necessitates a revolutionized training intervention for aviation maintenance technicians (United States General Accounting Office, 2003). Quite simply, the paper based job task cards fall short of offering rapid access to technical data and the system or component visualization necessary for working on complex integrated aircraft systems. Possible solutions to this problem include upgraded standards for paper based task cards and the use of integrated 3D product definition used on various mobile platforms (Ropp, Thomas, Lee, Broyles, Lewin, Andreychek, & Nicol, 2013). Previous studies have shown that incorporation of 3D graphics in work instructions allow the user to more efficiently and accurately interpret maintenance information (Jackson & Batstone, 2008). For aircraft maintenance workers, the use of mobile 3D model-based task cards could make current paper task card standards obsolete with their ability to deliver relevant, synchronized information to and from the hangar. Unlike previous versions of 3D model-based definition task cards and paper task cards, which are currently used in the maintenance industry, 3D model based definition task cards have the potential to be more mobile and accessible. Utilizing augmented reality applications on mobile devices to seamlessly deliver 3D product definition on mobile devices could increase the efficiency, accuracy, and reduce the mental workload for technicians when performing maintenance tasks (Macchiarella, 2004). This proposal will serve as a literary review of the aviation maintenance industry, the spatial ability of maintenance technicians, and benefits of

  12. The development and evaluation of a music mnemonic-enhanced multimedia computer-aided science instructional module

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimmel, Karl Joseph

    "CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.

  13. Applications of Oral Proficiency Testing to Foreign Language. Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY.

    A guide to the adaptation of oral proficiency testing for classroom language instruction contains excerpts of projects by participants in an American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) workshop. The excerpts are examples of proficiency based curricula and materials designed to personalize instruction and simulate real-life…

  14. "Intelligent" Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) Applications. Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, John Seely; And Others

    Interim work is documented describing efforts to modify computer techniques used to recognize and process English language requests to an instructional simulator. The conversion from a hand-coded to a table driven technique are described in detail. Other modifications to a simulation based computer assisted instruction program to allow a gaming…

  15. 43 CFR 26.7 - Application format and instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...' State Grant Procedures Handbook. General instructions for completing the form by part numbers are: (a... State Grant Procedures Handbook for definitions of cost categories and for budget narrative instructions..., if residential project (types of facilities, age, condition, tents, cabins, dormitories, food...

  16. Application of expert systems in project management decision aiding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, Regina; Shaffer, Steven; Stokes, James; Goldstein, David

    1987-01-01

    The feasibility of developing an expert systems-based project management decision aid to enhance the performance of NASA project managers was assessed. The research effort included extensive literature reviews in the areas of project management, project management decision aiding, expert systems technology, and human-computer interface engineering. Literature reviews were augmented by focused interviews with NASA managers. Time estimation for project scheduling was identified as the target activity for decision augmentation, and a design was developed for an Integrated NASA System for Intelligent Time Estimation (INSITE). The proposed INSITE design was judged feasible with a low level of risk. A partial proof-of-concept experiment was performed and was successful. Specific conclusions drawn from the research and analyses are included. The INSITE concept is potentially applicable in any management sphere, commercial or government, where time estimation is required for project scheduling. As project scheduling is a nearly universal management activity, the range of possibilities is considerable. The INSITE concept also holds potential for enhancing other management tasks, especially in areas such as cost estimation, where estimation-by-analogy is already a proven method.

  17. Learning Designs Using Flipped Classroom Instruction (Conception d'apprentissage à l'aide de l'instruction en classe inversée)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazur, Amber D.; Brown, Barbara; Jacobsen, Michele

    2015-01-01

    The flipped classroom is an instructional model that leverages technology-enhanced instruction outside of class time in order to maximize student engagement and learning during class time. As part of an action research study, the authors synthesize reflections about how the flipped classroom model can support teaching, learning and assessment…

  18. Model-Based Instruction: Theory and Application in a Teacher Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinley, Gary; Reisetter, Marcy; Penrod, Kathryn; Haar, Jean; Ellingson, Janna

    Model-Based Instruction (MBI) plays a significant role in the undergraduate teacher education program at South Dakota State University. Integrated into the program 8 years ago, the understandings and applications of MBI have evolved into a powerful and comprehensive framework that leads to rich and varied instruction with students directly in the…

  19. Multimedia Instructional Tools' Impact on Student Motivation and Learning Strategies in Computer Applications Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Debra; Wang, Shuyan

    2015-01-01

    Multimedia instructional tools (MMIT) have been identified as a way effectively and economically present instructional material. MMITs are commonly used in introductory computer applications courses as MMITs should be effective in increasing student knowledge and positively impact motivation and learning strategies, without increasing costs. This…

  20. Computer-Based Instruction: Roots, Origins, Applications, Benefits, Features, Systems, Trends and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    Dealing exclusively with instructional computing, this paper describes how computers are delivering instruction in a wide variety of subjects to students of all ages and explains why computer-based education is currently having a profound impact on education. After a discussion of roots and origins, computer applications are described for…

  1. The Application of Electroencephalography to Computer Assisted Instruction: A Conceptual Framework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schack, Edna O.

    This paper examines the possibility of developing a conceptual framework on which future research on the application of electroencephalography (EEG) to computer-assisted instruction (CAI) could be based. Consistent associations between EEG and cognitive functions for learning and instruction have the potential for bringing cognitivism into the…

  2. The Application of Web-based Computer-assisted Instruction Courseware within Health Assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiuyan, Guo

    Health assessment is a clinical nursing course and places emphasis on clinical skills. The application of computer-assisted instruction in the field of nursing teaching solved the problems in the traditional lecture class. This article stated teaching experience of web-based computer-assisted instruction, based upon a two-year study of computer-assisted instruction courseware use within the course health assessment. The computer-assisted instruction courseware could develop teaching structure, simulate clinical situations, create teaching situations and facilitate students study.

  3. Application of infrared thermography in computer aided diagnosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faust, Oliver; Rajendra Acharya, U.; Ng, E. Y. K.; Hong, Tan Jen; Yu, Wenwei

    2014-09-01

    The invention of thermography, in the 1950s, posed a formidable problem to the research community: What is the relationship between disease and heat radiation captured with Infrared (IR) cameras? The research community responded with a continuous effort to find this crucial relationship. This effort was aided by advances in processing techniques, improved sensitivity and spatial resolution of thermal sensors. However, despite this progress fundamental issues with this imaging modality still remain. The main problem is that the link between disease and heat radiation is complex and in many cases even non-linear. Furthermore, the change in heat radiation as well as the change in radiation pattern, which indicate disease, is minute. On a technical level, this poses high requirements on image capturing and processing. On a more abstract level, these problems lead to inter-observer variability and on an even more abstract level they lead to a lack of trust in this imaging modality. In this review, we adopt the position that these problems can only be solved through a strict application of scientific principles and objective performance assessment. Computing machinery is inherently objective; this helps us to apply scientific principles in a transparent way and to assess the performance results. As a consequence, we aim to promote thermography based Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems. Another benefit of CAD systems comes from the fact that the diagnostic accuracy is linked to the capability of the computing machinery and, in general, computers become ever more potent. We predict that a pervasive application of computers and networking technology in medicine will help us to overcome the shortcomings of any single imaging modality and this will pave the way for integrated health care systems which maximize the quality of patient care.

  4. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction techniques for the crew interface coordination position

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moynihan, Gary P.

    1993-01-01

    The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.

  5. 46 CFR Appendix I to Part 390 - U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration-Application Instructions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Administration-Application Instructions I Appendix I to Part 390 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... 390—U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration—Application Instructions instruction... Treasury and the Secretary of Transportation (26 CFR Part 3 and reprinted in 46 CFR Part 391, the...

  6. A Survey and Analysis of Military Computer-Based Training Systems: A Two Part Study. Volume I: A Survey and Annotated Bibliography of Authoring Aids for Instructional Systems Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logan, Robert S.

    The authoring process and authoring aids which facilitate development of instructional materials have recently emerged as an area of concern in the field of instructional systems development (ISD). This process includes information gathering, its conversion to learning packages, its revision, and its formal publication. The purpose of this…

  7. [Effects of Instruction on Inhalation Techniques Using iPads - Web Application "Inhalation Lessons"].

    PubMed

    Kogawa, Noriko; Ito, Reiko; Gon, Yasuhiro; Maruoka, Shuichiro; Hashimoto, Shu

    2015-12-01

    Instruction on inhalation techniques for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)and asthma patients being treated with inhalants have sufficient therapeutic effects and are important to maintain adherence. However, problems continue to exist, including time constraints of medical staff that have a large number of patients and a lack of knowledge on inhalation instruction methods. A web application,"Inhalation Lessons,'for the iPad has been developed. It explains inhalation methods, and consists of videos and review tests. Instruction on inhalation techniques was performed using this application for patients that use Diskus, and the effects were examined. As a result, there are significant improvements in the inhalation techniques of patients after viewing the"Inhalation Lessons'application. Uniform instruction on inhalation techniques can be performed even in the field of homecare. PMID:26809400

  8. Lease Approval and Building Aid for Leased School Buildings and Facilities Located Off School Property (Pursuant to CR 155.8). Instruction Guide for Public School Districts Outside of New York City.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Facilities Planning.

    State regulations allow public school districts outside of New York City to apply for Building Aid on leasing costs involving instructional facilities for grades Pre-K through 12 located off school district property. This guide explains how the districts should proceed when applying for Building Aid on leased facilities. Attached is the…

  9. Application of Computer Techniques to Instructional Research. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinaff, Russell D.

    The problem of structuring sequences of instructional stimuli such that learning is optimized is modelled as a sequential decision problem with an imbedded mathematical model of learning providing a criterion function. Three types of optimization methods for such a representation are investigated for the specific case of paired-associate learning…

  10. Cooperative Instructional Application of Writing Research. Final Report. Volume Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronnell, Bruce; And Others

    The second of three volumes on the relationship between writing research and instruction, this report first describes a 1982 conference on writing policies and problems sponsored by the Educational Research and Development division of the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) and the California State University, Long Beach. The second section…

  11. Courseware Development for Semiconductor Technology and Its Application into Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Shu-chiao

    2009-01-01

    This study reports on the development of ESP (English for specific purposes) courseware for semiconductor technology and its integration as a "silent partner" into instruction. This kind of team-teaching could help overcome current problems encountered in developing ESP in Taiwan. The content of the material under discussion includes general…

  12. An Application of a Computer Instructional Management Package.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, David W.

    Following the presentation of a conceptual framework for computer-based education (CBE), this paper examines the use of one aspect of CBE, computer-managed instruction (CMI), in a Major Appliance Serving Program. The paper begins with definitions and a graphic illustration of CBE and its components and uses, i.e., CMI, tutorial or…

  13. Explaining Variation in Instructional Time: An Application of Quantile Regression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corey, Douglas Lyman; Phelps, Geoffrey; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg; Demonte, Jenny; Harrison, Delena

    2012-01-01

    This research is conducted in the context of a large-scale study of three nationally disseminated comprehensive school reform projects (CSRs) and examines how school- and classroom-level factors contribute to variation in instructional time in English language arts and mathematics. When using mean-based OLS regression techniques such as…

  14. The Application of Motivational Design to Bibliographic Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Ruth V.; Carson, C. Herbert

    1991-01-01

    Motivation theories may be applied in educational contexts to improve student attitudes and learning achievement. Keller's ARCS Model of Motivational Design stresses attention, relevance, satisfaction, and confidence. Attention and relevance make instruction stimulating, whereas satisfaction and confidence create positive expectations. Through…

  15. An Application of Computerized Instructional Television in Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendrick, Bryce

    Computerized instructional television was used to teach undergraduate students about 100,000 or more extant fungi through an interactive, self testing, teaching program. Students did not find this sophisticated hardware an adequate substitute for the lecture experience and ultimately gave their professor a strong vote of confidence. (Author/JEG)

  16. Using Computers as Reading Instructional Tools: Applications and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singhal, Meena

    A review of the literature investigated how computers have been used in relation to the teaching of reading over the last 20 years, how effective those endeavors and research studies (mainly conducted at the college level) have been, and what computer instructional programs in the area of reading need to address. Various efforts have been made to…

  17. APPLICATIONS OF RESEARCH TO THE PROBLEM OF INSTRUCTIONAL FLEXIBILITY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SARTAIN, HARRY W.

    SELECTED RESEARCH ON THE PROBLEM OF INSTRUCTIONAL FLEXIBILITY IS SURVEYED AND DISCUSSED. BROAD TOPICS OF DISCUSSION ARE DEPARTMENTALIZATION, HOMOGENEOUS SECTIONING, INTERCLASS ABILITY SECTIONING, THE EXTENT OF VARIABILITY IN READING DEVELOPMENT, AND PRACTICES THAT MAY INCREASE FLEXIBILITY. AMONG THOSE PRACTICES TO INCREASE FLEXIBILITY ARE TEAM…

  18. 43 CFR 26.7 - Application format and instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... State Grant Procedures Handbook for definitions of cost categories and for budget narrative instructions. (c) Part III—(Program Narrative Statement). Complete a separate description of each project, which... projects): (1) Project number. (2) Project name and address. (3) Project location (nearest city or town...

  19. Application of ABA Principles to General Communication Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogletree, Billy T.; Oren, Thomas

    2001-01-01

    This article examines applied behavior analysis (ABA) based communication instruction for students with autism. It offers an historical context for ABA in speech-language pathology and reviews the literature on the use of ABA as a treatment method for communication impairment in autism, comparing contemporary ABA with the developmental…

  20. The Application of Behavioral Techniques to Business Communication Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Joel P.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Discusses advantages and disadvantages of several common methodologies for teaching writing. Suggests that the techniques of behavior analysis offer the best hope for developing instructional methodologies that will provide the best results for both writing students and teachers. Reports on a pilot study that supports this suggestion. (MM)

  1. Rethinking biology instruction: The application of DNR-based instruction to the learning and teaching of biology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maskiewicz, April Lee

    Educational studies report that secondary and college level students have developed only limited understandings of the most basic biological processes and their interrelationships from typical classroom experiences. Furthermore, students have developed undesirable reasoning schemes and beliefs that directly affect how they make sense of and account for biological phenomena. For these reasons, there exists a need to rethink instructional practices in biology. This dissertation discusses how the principles of Harel's (1998, 2001) DNR-based instruction in mathematics could be applied to the teaching and learning of biology. DNR is an acronym for the three foundational principles of the system: Duality, Necessity, and Repeated-reasoning. This study examines the application of these three principles to ecology instruction. Through clinical and teaching interviews, I developed models of students' existing ways of understanding in ecology and inferred their ways of thinking. From these models a hypothetical learning trajectory was developed for 16 college level freshmen enrolled in a 10-week ecology teaching experiment. Through cyclical, interpretive analysis I documented and analyzed the evolution of the participants' progress. The results provide empirical evidence to support the claim that the DNR principles are applicable to ecology instruction. With respect to the Duality Principle, helping students develop specific ways of understanding led to the development of model-based reasoning---a way of thinking and the cognitive objective guiding instruction. Through carefully structured problem solving tasks, the students developed a biological understanding of the relationship between matter cycling, energy flow, and cellular processes such as photosynthesis and respiration, and used this understanding to account for observable phenomena in nature. In the case of intellectual necessity, the results illuminate how problem situations can be developed for biology learners

  2. The application of computer-aided technologies in automotive styling design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Ze-feng; Zhang, Ji; Zheng, Ying

    2012-04-01

    In automotive industry, outline design is its life and creative design is its soul indeed. Computer-aided technology has been widely used in the automotive industry and more and more attention has been paid. This paper chiefly introduce the application of computer-aided technologies including CAD, CAM and CAE, analyses the process of automotive structural design and describe the development tendency of computer-aided design.

  3. Application of decision aid technology to command and control

    SciTech Connect

    Wanner, E.; Steigerwald, R.; Clark, D.

    1984-03-01

    The development of decision aids for command and control (C/sup 2/), including a look at the C/sup 2/ environment and objectives are reviewed. Developing computer based decision aids can involve the use of techniques ranging from simple automation of manual tasks to the use of artificial intelligence for complex automation of an expert's heuristic reasoning ability. Database management techniques, operations research and decision analysis are also useful. 7 references.

  4. Experiment in Application of Methods of Programmed Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fradkin, S. L.

    In a document translated from the Russian, an analysis is made of various forms and methods of programed learning. The primary developments in the introduction of programed learning methods are: creation of programed teaching aids; use of existing textbooks for programed lectures with feedback; and use of both teaching machines and machineless…

  5. A Principal's Primer on Federal Funding. A Ready Reference Document to Aid Administrators in Locating Federal Aid Information for Instructional and Support Programs Within Their Local Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trohoski, Carolyn

    This publication presents updated summary information on the major federal educational aid programs in effect during fiscal year 1976. The author briefly summarizes the basic eligibility requirements for grants under the provisions of the Education Amendments of 1974 (Titles I, III, IV, VI, and VII), the Vocational Education Act, and the National…

  6. 78 FR 57135 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Aid Program Application for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Aid Program Application for Section... the Department assess the impact of its information collection requirements and minimize the public's... respondents, including through the use of information technology. Please note that written comments...

  7. Technology-Aided Verbal Instructions to Help Persons with Mild or Moderate Alzheimer's Disease Perform Daily Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Tatulli, Emanuela; Rigante, Valeria; Zonno, Nadia; Perilli, Viviana; Pinto, Katia; Minervini, Mauro G.

    2010-01-01

    These two studies extended previous research on the use of verbal instructions and support technology for helping persons with mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease perform daily activities. Study I included seven participants who were to carry out one of two previously targeted activities (i.e., either coffee preparation or table setting). Study…

  8. A Study on the Usefulness of Audio-Visual Aids in EFL Classroom: Implications for Effective Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathew, Nalliveettil George; Alidmat, Ali Odeh Hammoud

    2013-01-01

    A resourceful English language teacher equipped with eclecticism is desirable in English as a foreign language classroom. The challenges of classroom instruction increases when prescribed English as a Foreign Language (EFL) course books (textbooks) are constituted with too many interactive language proficiency activities. Most importantly, it has…

  9. Development of a Microcomputer/Videodisc Aided Math Instructional Management System for Mildly Handicapped Children. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.

    This final report describes activities and accomplishments of a project which developed, implemented, and evaluated the effectiveness of a microcomputer/videodisc math instructional management system for grades K-4. The system was designed to operate on an APPLE II microcomputer, videodisc player, and input-output devices. It included three…

  10. [External memory aids for patients with dementia: a literature study on efficacy and applicability].

    PubMed

    Fritschy, E P; Kessels, R P C; Postma, A

    2004-12-01

    Memory problems are the most common cognitive deficits in dementia. In order to help these patients with their everyday activities and to increase their quality of life, a number of memory aids have been developed. This paper focuses on the efficacy and the applicability of three different types of external memory aids. The findings suggest that environmental adjustment is an easy and low-priced method. It is beneficial even for patients in the most severe stages of dementia, since only a limited amount of training is necessary. The non-electronic aids are also relatively cheap and easy to learn. The electronic aids are more expensive and, at this point, only a few studies have investigated the efficacy of this memory aid on the memory problems of patients with dementia. However, most published studies only investigated small samples. Hence, the current results should be interpreted with caution. PMID:15704603

  11. Increasing Activeness and Learning Outcomes by Developing Borland Delphi 7.0 Application as Instructional Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Setyorini, Dyna; Churiyah, Madziatul

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to produce instructional media of petty cash fund with Borland Delphi 7.0 application in the Finance Administration subject, Managing Petty Cash Fund material in class XII APK in Vocational High School (SMK) Negeri 1 Pasuruan, East Java, Indonesia. This study used "Research and Development" (R&D) design procedures…

  12. 78 FR 59415 - Formula Grants for Rural Areas: Guidance and Application Instructions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2000 (65 FR... Federal Transit Administration Formula Grants for Rural Areas: Guidance and Application Instructions... implementation of the section 5311 Rural Area Formula Program. The purpose of this proposed circular is...

  13. 2 CFR 25.200 - Requirements for program announcements, regulations, and application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for program announcements, regulations, and application instructions. 25.200 Section 25.200 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS...

  14. Computer-Assisted Instruction in Undergraduate Organic Chemistry: Design, Application, and Evaluation. Technical Report 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culp, George

    The computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program in undergraduate organic chemistry at the University of Texas was evaluated by an experimental design in 1969 and found to be successful. This report discusses in detail the formation of the design, its application, and the method of evaluation. The program itself included 15 teaching modules that…

  15. Instructional Material Development for Computer Applications in Adult Business Education Courses. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort Wayne Community Schools, IN.

    The goal of this special demonstration project was to develop adult secondary business education courses related to the computer. An additional phase focused on the development of a microcomputer-based program providing the needed computer literacy and applications for its use. An advisory committee identified five areas of instructional need:…

  16. Pattern of Classroom Activities during Students' Use of Computers: Relations between Instructional Strategies and Computer Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inan, Fethi A.; Lowther, Deborah L.; Ross, Steven M.; Strahl, Dan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify instructional strategies used by teachers to support technology integration. In addition, relations between types of computer applications and teachers' classroom practices were examined. Data were direct observation results from 143 integration lessons implemented in schools receiving federal technology…

  17. Authentic Instruction in Laptop Classrooms: Sample Lessons that Integrate Type II Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barron, Ann E.; Harmes, J. Christine

    2006-01-01

    Laptop computers and Type II applications can provide powerful tools for elementary classrooms, especially if they are combined with authentic instruction. This article provides information and lessons learned from a laptop initiative in an urban elementary school. The goal of the initiative was to develop lesson plans and document techniques that…

  18. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 855 - Landing Permit Application Instructions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...—Landing Permit Application Instructions A3.1. DD Form 2400, Civil Aircraft Certificate of Insurance: The insurance company or its authorized agent must complete and sign the DD Form 2400. Corrections to the form... BE COMPLETED BY THE AIRCRAFT OWNER OR OPERATOR. Upon expiration, the DD Form 2400 must be...

  19. Diverging Perspectives: A School District's Response to an Instructional Support Application

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crose, Sarah L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study is to better understand how teachers and district leaders respond when implementing a technology instructional support application. The study also explores the influences affecting that implementation process. Secondary mathematics teachers who had been presented with the option to implement a…

  20. 40 CFR 1048.220 - How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application? 1048.220 Section 1048.220 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD...

  1. 40 CFR 1045.220 - How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application? 1045.220 Section 1045.220 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION...

  2. Effects of Four Instructional Sequences on Application and Transfer. IDD&E Working Paper No. 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Chun-I; And Others

    Using the Component Display Theory as an analyzing tool, this study compared the effects of expository and discovery methods of instruction on two learning outcomes, application and transfer. One hundred ninth grade students in each of four earth science classes were randomly assigned to five groups--four experimental groups designed to test four…

  3. Skill Acquisition in Ski Instruction and the Skill Model's Application to Treating Anorexia Nervosa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duesund, Liv; Jespersen, Ejgil

    2004-01-01

    The Dreyfus skill model has a wide range of applications to various domains, including sport, nursing, engineering, flying, and so forth. In this article, the authors discuss the skill model in connection with two different research projects concerning ski instruction and treating anorexia nervosa. The latter project has been published but not in…

  4. 40 CFR 1045.220 - How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application? 1045.220 Section 1045.220 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION...

  5. A Model of Adolescents' Understanding of Physical Phenomena and Its Application to Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Audrey B.; And Others

    This paper describes a model for the adolescent's understanding of the motion of objects, and the application of this model to the design of beginning physics instruction in mechanics. Students' difficulties in learning classical Newtonian mechanics are described and integrated into current cognitive science research. Research findings on physics…

  6. 40 CFR 1051.220 - How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I amend the maintenance... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM RECREATIONAL ENGINES AND VEHICLES Certifying Engine Families § 1051.220 How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application? You...

  7. 2 CFR 25.200 - Requirements for program announcements, regulations, and application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for program announcements, regulations, and application instructions. 25.200 Section 25.200 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget Guidance for Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS Reserved...

  8. The Use of Rewards in Instructional Digital Games: An Application of Positive Reinforcement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malala, John; Major, Anthony; Maunez-Cuadra, Jose; McCauley-Bell, Pamela

    2007-01-01

    The main argument being presented in this paper is that instructional designers and educational researchers need to shift their attention from performance to interest. Educational digital games have to aim at building lasting interest in real world applications. The main hypothesis advocated in this paper is that the use of rewards in educational…

  9. Analyzing the Effect of Web-Based Instruction Applications to School Culture within Technology Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakiroglu, Unal; Akkan, Yasar; Guven, Bulent

    2012-01-01

    Determining the reflections of technology integration applications that are to be performed in our schools is important to light the way of first steps of integration. In this research, the effect of a web-based instruction environment used by 31 different teachers in a high school to school culture is set forth. The school culture is analyzed…

  10. Federal Student Aid: Highlights of a Study Group on Simplifying the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-10-29

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Federal student aid is intended to play an integral part in fulfilling the promise of greater academic access and success for less affluent students. However, many experts have expressed concern about the length and complexity of the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and the statutory need analysis formula used to determine aid…

  11. Golf Instruction. An Application of Schmidt's Generalized Motor Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asbell, Ann C.

    1989-01-01

    This article describes how application of the generalized motor program, conceptualized by Schmidt, can yield consistent and effective results when teaching students the golf swing. Specific teaching suggestions are given and a brief discussion of the applicability of this program to tennis and swimming is included. (JAH)

  12. 78 FR 63990 - HIV/AIDS Bureau; Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration HIV/AIDS Bureau; Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program... the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009 (Ryan White Program or RWHAP), requires that... drugs, for individuals with HIV/AIDS identified and eligible under the statute. The statute also...

  13. 45 CFR 148.316 - Grant application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... until such funding becomes available. (a) Application for operational losses. Each State must compile an... on behalf of a State, it must provide documentation that it has been delegated appropriate...

  14. A Corpus-Aided Approach in EFL Instruction: A Case Study of Chinese EFL Learners' Use of the Infinitive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Ying; Liu, Lin

    2014-01-01

    English language corpora, containing the widest possible range of varieties of English, provide empirical date concerning language usage, helping to redefine the notion of "standard" to which language learners should aspire. This paper takes as its theoretical framework an approach to corpus-aided discovery learning in which the central…

  15. Computer-programmed instruction: The relation of required interaction to practical application

    PubMed Central

    Tudor, Roger M.; Bostow, Darrel E.

    1991-01-01

    Computers were used to evaluate the effects of supplying answers to programmed instruction frames. A group experimental design compared passive reading, covert responding to frame blanks, and actively typing answers to blanks with and without immediate confirmation of correctness. Effects of a 315-frame program, teaching elements of programmed instruction design, were evaluated by analyzing answers to posttest generalization questions and an application test. Results strongly supported the effectiveness of requiring the student to supply fragments of a terminal repertoire while working through a program. Students who could either covertly respond to frame blanks or who were required to type frame answers performed significantly better on the frame generalization posttest and, more importantly, carefully followed program rules when preparing elements of a new instructional program. PMID:16795749

  16. 22 CFR Appendix B to Part 201 - Application for Approval of Commodity Eligibility (AID 11)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for Approval of Commodity Eligibility (AID 11) B Appendix B to Part 201 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RULES AND PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Pt. 201, App. B Appendix B to Part...

  17. Your Renewal FAFSA: Free Application for Federal Student Aid, 2003-2004 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This form is used to renew an application for federal and state grants, work study, and loans. The renewal version contains preprinted information that the student reported for the 2002-2003 school year. As a result, it is faster and easier for the student to use than the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The form contains…

  18. 78 FR 26334 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; 2014-2015 Federal Student Aid Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ... applicant receives a Student Aid Report (SAR), which is a summary of the data they submitted on the FAFSA. The applicant reviews the SAR, and, if necessary, will make corrections or updates to their submitted... computer or made by a FAA using software to the EDE. facilitate the EDE process. Paper SAR--This is a...

  19. 77 FR 27746 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Lender Application Process (LAP)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Federal Student Aid; Lender Application Process (LAP) SUMMARY: The Lender's Application Process is submitted by lenders who are eligible for reimbursement of interest and special allowance, as well as Federal Insured Student Loan claims payment, under the Federal...

  20. 45 CFR 148.316 - Grant application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... enrollees. (iii) Description of how coverage is provided administratively in the qualified high risk pool... applicants. (v) Outline of plan benefits and coverage offered in the pool. Provide evidence that the level of... Model Health Plan for Uninsurable Individuals Act. See appendix for the text of Section 8 of the...

  1. 45 CFR 148.316 - Grant application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... enrollees. (iii) Description of how coverage is provided administratively in the qualified high risk pool... applicants. (v) Outline of plan benefits and coverage offered in the pool. Provide evidence that the level of... Model Health Plan for Uninsurable Individuals Act. See appendix for the text of Section 8 of the...

  2. 45 CFR 148.316 - Grant application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... enrollees. (iii) Description of how coverage is provided administratively in the qualified high risk pool... applicants. (v) Outline of plan benefits and coverage offered in the pool. Provide evidence that the level of... pool of individuals eligible for coverage, such as through eliminating waiting lists,...

  3. 45 CFR 148.316 - Grant application instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... enrollees. (iii) Description of how coverage is provided administratively in the qualified high risk pool... applicants. (v) Outline of plan benefits and coverage offered in the pool. Provide evidence that the level of... pool of individuals eligible for coverage, such as through eliminating waiting lists,...

  4. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register A Appendix A to Part 203 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C) Pt. 203, App. A Appendix A to Part 203—Form and Instructions...

  5. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 1003 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register A Appendix A to Part 1003 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C) Pt. 1003, App. A Appendix A to Part 1003—Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA...

  6. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 1003 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register A Appendix A to Part 1003 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION HOME MORTGAGE DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C) Pt. 1003, App. A Appendix A to Part 1003—Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA...

  7. The multimod application framework: a rapid application development tool for computer aided medicine.

    PubMed

    Viceconti, Marco; Zannoni, Cinzia; Testi, Debora; Petrone, Marco; Perticoni, Stefano; Quadrani, Paolo; Taddei, Fulvia; Imboden, Silvano; Clapworthy, Gordon

    2007-02-01

    This paper describes a new application framework (OpenMAF) for rapid development of multimodal applications in computer-aided medicine. MAF applications are multimodal in data, in representation, and in interaction. The framework supports almost any type of biomedical data, including DICOM datasets, motion-capture recordings, or data from computer simulations (e.g. finite element modeling). The interactive visualization approach (multimodal display) helps the user interpret complex datasets, providing multiple representations of the same data. In addition, the framework allows multimodal interaction by supporting the simultaneous use of different input-output devices like 3D trackers, stereoscopic displays, haptics hardware and speech recognition/synthesis systems. The Framework has been designed to run smoothly even on limited power computers, but it can take advantage of all hardware capabilities. The Framework is based on a collection of portable libraries and it can be compiled on any platform that supports OpenGL, including Windows, MacOS X and any flavor of Unix/linux. PMID:17059851

  8. Classroom Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article describes 6 aids for science instruction, including (1) the use of fudge to represent lava; (2) the "Living by Chemistry" program, designed to make high school chemistry more accessible to a diverse pool of students without sacrificing content; (3) NOAA and NSTA's online coral reef teaching tool, a new web-based "science toolbox" for…

  9. Applications for Mission Operations Using Multi-agent Model-based Instructional Systems with Virtual Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clancey, William J.

    2004-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of past and possible future applications for artifical intelligence (AI) in astronaut instruction and training. AI systems have been used in training simulation for the Hubble Space Telescope repair, the International Space Station, and operations simulation for the Mars Exploration Rovers. In the future, robots such as may work as partners with astronauts on missions such as planetary exploration and extravehicular activities.

  10. Ghostman: Augmented Reality Application for Telerehabilitation and Remote Instruction of a Novel Motor Skill

    PubMed Central

    Chinthammit, Winyu; Visentin, Denis

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a pilot study using a prototype telerehabilitation system (Ghostman). Ghostman is a visual augmentation system designed to allow a physical therapist and patient to inhabit each other's viewpoint in an augmented real-world environment. This allows the therapist to deliver instruction remotely and observe performance of a motor skill through the patient's point of view. In a pilot study, we investigated the efficacy of Ghostman by using it to teach participants to use chopsticks. Participants were randomized to a single training session, receiving either Ghostman or face-to-face instructions by the same skilled instructor. Learning was assessed by measuring retention of skills at 24-hour and 7-day post instruction. As hypothesised, there were no differences in reduction of error or time to completion between participants using Ghostman compared to those receiving face-to-face instruction. These initial results in a healthy population are promising and demonstrate the potential application of this technology to patients requiring learning or relearning of motor skills as may be required following a stroke or brain injury. PMID:24829910

  11. Practical Application of Microcomputers To Aid the Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderheiden, Gregg C.

    1981-01-01

    The paper focuses on the development of relatively low-cost microcomputers, which provide a potentially powerful tool for the rehabilitation field. The paper discusses such areas of application as sensory enhancement/translation, manipulator controls, information amplification, special control interfaces to other devices, recreation and…

  12. Smartphone Applications Utilizing Biofeedback Can Aid Stress Reduction

    PubMed Central

    Dillon, Alison; Kelly, Mark; Robertson, Ian H.; Robertson, Deirdre A.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Stress is one of the leading global causes of disease and premature mortality. Despite this, interventions aimed at reducing stress have low adherence rates. The proliferation of mobile phone devices along with gaming-style applications allows for a unique opportunity to broaden the reach and appeal of stress-reduction interventions in modern society. We assessed the effectiveness of two smartphone applications games combined with biofeedback in reducing stress. Methods: We compared a control game to gaming-style smartphone applications combined with a skin conductance biofeedback device (the Pip). Fifty participants aged between 18 and 35 completed the Trier Social Stress Test. They were then randomly assigned to the intervention (biofeedback game) or control group (a non-biofeedback game) for thirty minutes. Perceived stress, heart rate and mood were measured before and after participants had played the games. Results: A mixed factorial ANOVA showed a significant interaction between time and game type in predicting perceived stress [F(1,48) = 14.19, p < 0.001]. Participants in the biofeedback intervention had significantly reduced stress compared to the control group. There was also a significant interaction between time and game in predicting heart rate [F(1,48) = 6.41, p < 0.05]. Participants in the biofeedback intervention showed significant reductions in heart rate compared to the control group. Discussion: This illustrates the potential for gaming-style smartphone applications combined with biofeedback as stress reduction interventions. PMID:27378963

  13. Computer-aided engineering methods for successful VHSIC application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wood, R. Gary

    Through the example of a VHSIC implementation of a MIL-STD-1750A avionic processor subsystem, an effective approach has applied CAE methods tailored to the job of VHSIC integration. Structured hierarchical design organization combined with rigorous mixed-mode digital simulation permitted an entire VHSIC-based subsystem and its integral application-specific IC design to be verified with a high degree of confidence. Accurate performance data were obtained well in advance of fabrication.

  14. 77 FR 41173 - Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); 2013-2014 Award Year

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Free..., Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information: Free Application for Federal Student Aid... use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD), call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll...

  15. 46 CFR 160.174-15 - Instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... thermal protective aid and visible through a transparent storage case. The instructions must also be...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-15 Instructions. (a) Each thermal protective aid must have instructions for its donning and use in an emergency. The...

  16. Smartphone applications to aid weight loss and management: current perspectives.

    PubMed

    Sutton, Elizabeth F; Redman, Leanne M

    2016-01-01

    The development and dissemination of smart devices has cultivated a global environment of hyperconnectivity and increased our access to information. The paralleled launch and success of the Mobile Health industry has created a market of commercially available applications or "apps" along with tools or sensors, which allow the user to receive and collect personal health information. Apps and accompanying tools now allow an individual to "self-digitize" and, pertaining to weight management, monitor their body weight, caloric intake, physical activity, and more. These products possess the ability to improve the scalability of traditional in-person weight management services considering their near ubiquity, affordability, and capability to deliver information directly and personally to the user. However, similar to the dietary supplement market, the anecdotal value of these products has driven their popularity and acceptance by the general public without requirement of scientific validation or, in the area of weight management or diet/exercise, validation of the safety and efficacy by the Food and Drug Administration prior to market launch. By conducting a literature and clinical trial search, we found remarkably few active, completed, or published studies testing the efficacy of smart device applications using randomized controlled trials. Research efforts must be focused on illuminating the efficacy of behavioral interventions and remote self-monitoring for weight loss/maintenance treatment with true, randomized controlled trials. PMID:27486338

  17. Smartphone applications to aid weight loss and management: current perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Sutton, Elizabeth F; Redman, Leanne M

    2016-01-01

    The development and dissemination of smart devices has cultivated a global environment of hyperconnectivity and increased our access to information. The paralleled launch and success of the Mobile Health industry has created a market of commercially available applications or “apps” along with tools or sensors, which allow the user to receive and collect personal health information. Apps and accompanying tools now allow an individual to “self-digitize” and, pertaining to weight management, monitor their body weight, caloric intake, physical activity, and more. These products possess the ability to improve the scalability of traditional in-person weight management services considering their near ubiquity, affordability, and capability to deliver information directly and personally to the user. However, similar to the dietary supplement market, the anecdotal value of these products has driven their popularity and acceptance by the general public without requirement of scientific validation or, in the area of weight management or diet/exercise, validation of the safety and efficacy by the Food and Drug Administration prior to market launch. By conducting a literature and clinical trial search, we found remarkably few active, completed, or published studies testing the efficacy of smart device applications using randomized controlled trials. Research efforts must be focused on illuminating the efficacy of behavioral interventions and remote self-monitoring for weight loss/maintenance treatment with true, randomized controlled trials. PMID:27486338

  18. An investigative study into the effectiveness of using computer-aided instruction (CAI) as a laboratory component of college-level biology: A case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrett, Joan Beverly

    Community colleges serve the most diverse student populations in higher education. They consist of non-traditional, part-time, older, intermittent, and mobile students of different races, ethnic backgrounds, language preferences, physical and mental abilities, and learning style preferences. Students who are academically challenged may have diverse learning characteristics that are not compatible with the more traditional approaches to the delivery of instruction. With this need come new ways of solving the dilemma, such as Computer-aided Instruction (CAI). This case study investigated the use of CAI as a laboratory component of college-level biology in a small, rural community college setting. The intent was to begin to fill a void that seems to exist in the literature regarding the role of the faculty in the development and use of CAI. In particular, the investigator was seeking to understand the practice and its effectiveness, especially in helping the under prepared student. The case study approach was chosen to examine a specific phenomenon within a single institution. Ethnographic techniques, such as interviewing, documentary analysis, life's experiences, and participant observations were used to collect data about the phenomena being studied. Results showed that the faculty was primarily self-motivated and self-taught in their use of CAI as a teaching and learning tool. The importance of faculty leadership and collegiality was evident. Findings showed the faculty confident that expectations of helping students who have difficulties with mathematical concepts have been met and that CAI is becoming the most valuable of learning tools. In a traditional college classroom, or practice, time is the constant (semesters) and competence is the variable. In the CAI laboratory time became the variable and competence the constant. The use of CAI also eliminated hazardous chemicals that were routinely used in the more traditional lab. Outcomes showed that annual savings

  19. Application of computer-aided dispatch in law enforcement: An introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.; Gurfield, R. M.; Garcia, E. A.; Fielding, J. E.

    1975-01-01

    A set of planning guidelines for the application of computer-aided dispatching (CAD) to law enforcement is presented. Some essential characteristics and applications of CAD are outlined; the results of a survey of systems in the operational or planning phases are summarized. Requirements analysis, system concept design, implementation planning, and performance and cost modeling are described and demonstrated with numerous examples. Detailed descriptions of typical law enforcement CAD systems, and a list of vendor sources, are given in appendixes.

  20. Design of Application-Specific Instructions and Hardware Accelerator for Reed-Solomon Codecs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jung H.; Lee, Jaesung; Sunwoo, Myung H.

    2003-12-01

    This paper presents new application-specific digital signal processor (ASDSP) instructions and their hardware accelerator to efficiently implement Reed-Solomon (RS) encoding and decoding, which is one of the most widely used forward error control (FEC) algorithms. The proposed ASDSP architecture can implement various programmable primitive polynomials, and thus, hardwired RS codecs can be replaced. The new instructions and their hardware accelerator perform Galois field (GF) operations using the proposed GF multiplier and adder. Therefore, the proposed digital signal processor (DSP) architecture can significantly reduce the number of clock cycles compared with existing DSP chips. The proposed GF multiplier was implemented using the Faraday 0.25[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]m standard cell library and it can perform RS decoding at a rate up to 228.1 Mbps at 130 MHz.

  1. Use Computer-Aided Tools to Parallelize Large CFD Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jin, H.; Frumkin, M.; Yan, J.

    2000-01-01

    Porting applications to high performance parallel computers is always a challenging task. It is time consuming and costly. With rapid progressing in hardware architectures and increasing complexity of real applications in recent years, the problem becomes even more sever. Today, scalability and high performance are mostly involving handwritten parallel programs using message-passing libraries (e.g. MPI). However, this process is very difficult and often error-prone. The recent reemergence of shared memory parallel (SMP) architectures, such as the cache coherent Non-Uniform Memory Access (ccNUMA) architecture used in the SGI Origin 2000, show good prospects for scaling beyond hundreds of processors. Programming on an SMP is simplified by working in a globally accessible address space. The user can supply compiler directives, such as OpenMP, to parallelize the code. As an industry standard for portable implementation of parallel programs for SMPs, OpenMP is a set of compiler directives and callable runtime library routines that extend Fortran, C and C++ to express shared memory parallelism. It promises an incremental path for parallel conversion of existing software, as well as scalability and performance for a complete rewrite or an entirely new development. Perhaps the main disadvantage of programming with directives is that inserted directives may not necessarily enhance performance. In the worst cases, it can create erroneous results. While vendors have provided tools to perform error-checking and profiling, automation in directive insertion is very limited and often failed on large programs, primarily due to the lack of a thorough enough data dependence analysis. To overcome the deficiency, we have developed a toolkit, CAPO, to automatically insert OpenMP directives in Fortran programs and apply certain degrees of optimization. CAPO is aimed at taking advantage of detailed inter-procedural dependence analysis provided by CAPTools, developed by the University of

  2. Computer-aided application of quantitative microscopy in diagnostic pathology.

    PubMed

    Baak, J P; Kurver, P H; Boon, M E

    1982-01-01

    The quantitative analysis of microscopic images gives objective, consistently reproducible results. The number of applications of such analysis in diagnostic pathology is increasing rapidly. In this chapter, two examples have been given of the development and application of a quantitative microscopic classification rule. Both examples involve admittedly difficult areas of diagnostic pathology, in which considerable disagreement may not only exist among pathologists, but may affect the same pathologist judging the same specimen at different times. These areas are: (1) the discrimination of endometrial hyperplasia from carcinoma, and the grading of endometrial carcinomas; and (2) the preoperative distinction of follicular adenoma from carcinoma of the thyroid in cytologic specimens. With routine use of the classification rule in 148 cases of endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma received in our laboratory in 1980, with each case judged by one of eight pathologists, there was mild or absolute disagreement in 7.4 percent and 4.7 percent of the cases, respectively (total: 12.1 percent). However, with blind review of one of us (J.B.), there were no absolute and only 3.3 percent mild disagreement. In this series, the quantitative microscopically assigned grades of carcinomas correlated significantly with the depth of invasion in the myometrial wall, whereas the grade routinely indicated by eight pathologists did not. These two facts strongly support the quality and utility of the developed quantitative microscopic rule for classifying endometrial lesions in a diagnostic setting. The rule can also be used to objectively define such endometrial lesions in order to evaluate more accurately their clinical outcome in a prospective study. In the thyroid adenoma cases discussed in the chapter, material from follicular tumors was subjected to quantitative analysis in 1980, again using a classification rule developed in our laboratory. All 10 cases of adenoma were correctly

  3. [Application of different death evaluation indicators for HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment].

    PubMed

    Zeng, L; Ma, Y

    2016-05-10

    AIDS has gradually changed from a fatal disease to a manageable chronic disease since the advent of antiretroviral drugs. In 2003, China initiated a national free antiretroviral treatment program for people living with HIV/AIDS, several death evaluation indicators have been used to evaluate public health effect of the program. Death evaluation indicators used frequently in domestic and overseas include mortality, case fatality rate, excess mortality, standard mortality ratio, years of potential life lost, disability-adjusted life year and life expectancy. This paper summarizes the different death indicators applied in effectiveness evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, elaborates the application range and significance of these indicators and suggests the research in related life expectancy and burden of disease which have not been conducted in China. PMID:27188376

  4. From Concepts of Motivation to Its Application in Instructional Design: Reconsidering Motivation from an Instructional Design Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yi-Chia; Yeh, Hsin-Te

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the concepts of motivation, including extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. It describes how motivation becomes a major concern in the field of instructional design (ID). Furthermore, a motivation model--the ARCS model--is identified and discussed. Finally, it provides an example of how to apply the motivational design…

  5. How to Make "The Fourth Revolution". Human Factors in the Adoption of Electronic Instructional Aids. Memorandum Number 73/5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demerath, Nicholas J.; Daniels, Lois A.

    The prospects and problems associated with getting American higher education to utilize more fully electronic technologies are examined. Part I surveys the diversity of higher education and its students and concludes that technological applications will have to be correspondingly varied, despite the tendency to "massification". Part II, consisting…

  6. Application of fuzzy logic in computer-aided design of digital systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shragowitz, Eugene B.; Lee, Jun-Yong; Kang, Eric Q.

    1996-06-01

    Application of fuzzy logic structures in computer-aided design (CAD) of electronic systems substantially improves quality of design solutions by providing designers with flexibility in formulating goals and selecting trade-offs. In addition, the following aspects of a design process are positively impacted by application of fuzzy logic: utilization of domain knowledge, interpretation of uncertainties in design data, and adaptation of design algorithms. We successfully applied fuzzy logic structures in conjunction with constructive and iterative algorithms for selecting of design solutions for different stages of the design process. We also introduced a fuzzy logic software development tool to be used in CAD applications.

  7. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 47 - Instructions for Submitting Group Applications Under Public Law 95-202

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Under Public Law 95-202 A Appendix A to Part 47 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE... Pt. 47, App. A Appendix A to Part 47—Instructions for Submitting Group Applications Under Public Law... Group Applications To: Secretary of the Air Force (SAF/MRC), DoD Civilian/Military Service Review...

  8. Computer-assisted instruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Atkinson, R. C.

    1974-01-01

    The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

  9. Instructional Aids in Mathematics: Using Models as Instructional Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Donovan A.; And Others

    1973-01-01

    Models are discussed both as concrete representations of mental constructs and as various manipulative devices. Illustrations of effective model use, suggestions for acquiring models, and lists of models for specific concepts are included. (LS)

  10. Miscues: Meaningful Assessment Aids Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luft, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    LeRoy was a deaf sixth grader who used signs and his voice to communicate. Yanetta was a deaf eighth grader who had deaf parents and preferred American Sign Language (ASL). Michael was a deaf fifth grader in a suburban school who attended an oral program and used his voice exclusively to communicate. All three students struggled with reading. They…

  11. MCAI: Minicomputer-Aided Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breneman, G. L.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses educational programs carried out by a minimum system which consists of a PDP-8/L computer with 4K memory and an ASR-33 teletype. Indicates that an entire curriculum with 450 students can be handled by simply adding some components. (CC)

  12. The Modified Delphi Method to Analyze the Application of Instructional Design Theory to Online Graduate Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeedick, Danielle Marie

    2010-01-01

    During the past several decades, the field of instructional design theory has experienced changes in what is mostly applied to traditional, on-ground education. While instructional design theory has been (and still is being) discussed, constructed, and deconstructed, there has been no agreement among prominent instructional design theory…

  13. Measuring Model-Based High School Science Instruction: Development and Application of a Student Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulmer, Gavin W.; Liang, Ling L.

    2013-01-01

    This study tested a student survey to detect differences in instruction between teachers in a modeling-based science program and comparison group teachers. The Instructional Activities Survey measured teachers' frequency of modeling, inquiry, and lecture instruction. Factor analysis and Rasch modeling identified three subscales, Modeling and…

  14. Lithium-ion batteries for hearing aid applications. II. Pulse discharge and safety tests

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Passerini, S.; Coustier, F.; Owens, B. B.

    Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries were designed to meet the power requirements of hearing aid devices (HADs). The batteries were designed in a 312-button cell size, compatible with existing hearing aids. The batteries were tested to evaluate the design and the electrochemical performance, as they relate to a typical hearing aid application. The present report covers the pulse capabilities, cycle life and preliminary safety tests. The results are compared with other battery chemistries: secondary lithium-alloy and nickel-metal hydride batteries and primary Zn-air batteries. The cell AC impedance was stable over the frequency range between 1 and 50 kHz, ranging between 5 Ω at the higher frequency and 12 Ω at the lower extreme. Pulse tests were consistent with these values, as the cells were capable of providing a series of 100 mA pulses of 10-s duration. The safety tests suggest that the design is intrinsically safe with respect to the most common types of abuse conditions.

  15. Author Your Own!! Friendlier Software for Your Instructional Power.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownstein, Erica M.; And Others

    Applications are now available that allow teachers to create presentations and programs tailored to the exact needs of their students. This paper examines tools that may be used for presentations. Programming environments that may be used to develop computer aided instructional programs are also compared and contrasted. The availability of…

  16. Virtual Reality Hypermedia Design Frameworks for Science Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maule, R. William; Oh, Byron; Check, Rosa

    This paper reports on a study that conceptualizes a research framework to aid software design and development for virtual reality (VR) computer applications for instruction in the sciences. The framework provides methodologies for the processing, collection, examination, classification, and presentation of multimedia information within hyperlinked…

  17. Foreign-Language Grammar Instruction via the Mother Tongue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paradowski, Michal B.

    2007-01-01

    The chapter reports the results of a controlled experiment which suggest that foreign-language grammar instruction that forges explicit connections with the grammar of the students' mother tongue aids learning, at least as far as students' application of discrete-point grammar rules is concerned. (Contains 2 figures and 3 notes.) [This document…

  18. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 752 - Instructions for Completing Form BIS-748P, Multipurpose Application for Requests for Special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...-748P, Multipurpose Application for Requests for Special Comprehensive Licenses No. Supplement No. 1 to... COMPREHENSIVE LICENSE Pt. 752, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 752—Instructions for Completing Form BIS-748P... instructions in Supplement No. 1 to part 748 of the EAR. Block 5: Type of Application. Enter an “x” in...

  19. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 752 - Instructions for Completing Form BIS-748P, Multipurpose Application for Requests for Special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...-748P, Multipurpose Application for Requests for Special Comprehensive Licenses No. Supplement No. 1 to... COMPREHENSIVE LICENSE Pt. 752, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 752—Instructions for Completing Form BIS-748P... instructions in supplement No. 1 to part 748 of the EAR. Block 5: Type of Application. Enter an “x” in...

  20. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF TRAINING AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCKEONE, CHARLES J.

    THIS COMPILATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS FOR USE IN AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION TRAINING PROGRAMS CONTAINS LISTS OF VISUAL AND AUDIOVISUAL TRAINING AIDS AND GUEST LECTURERS AVAILABLE FROM MEMBER COMPANIES OF THE AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE AS AN INDUSTRY SERVICE TO SCHOOL OFFICIALS INTERESTED IN CONDUCTING SUCH PROGRAMS. THE…

  1. 15 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 960 - Filing Instructions and Information To Be Included in the Licensing Application

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing Instructions and Information To Be Included in the Licensing Application 1 Appendix 1 to Part 960 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL...

  2. An Application Specific Instruction Set Processor (ASIP) for Adaptive Filters in Neural Prosthetics.

    PubMed

    Xin, Yao; Li, Will X Y; Zhang, Zhaorui; Cheung, Ray C C; Song, Dong; Berger, Theodore W

    2015-01-01

    Neural coding is an essential process for neuroprosthetic design, in which adaptive filters have been widely utilized. In a practical application, it is needed to switch between different filters, which could be based on continuous observations or point process, when the neuron models, conditions, or system requirements have changed. As candidates of coding chip for neural prostheses, low-power general purpose processors are not computationally efficient especially for large scale neural population coding. Application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) do not have flexibility to switch between different adaptive filters while the cost for design and fabrication is formidable. In this research work, we explore an application specific instruction set processor (ASIP) for adaptive filters in neural decoding activity. The proposed architecture focuses on efficient computation for the most time-consuming matrix/vector operations among commonly used adaptive filters, being able to provide both flexibility and throughput. Evaluation and implementation results are provided to demonstrate that the proposed ASIP design is area-efficient while being competitive to commercial CPUs in computational performance. PMID:26451817

  3. Methods and Applications of the Audibility Index in Hearing Aid Selection and Fitting

    PubMed Central

    Amlani, Amyn M.; Punch, Jerry L.; Ching, Teresa Y. C.

    2002-01-01

    During the first half of the 20th century, communications engineers at Bell Telephone Laboratories developed the articulation model for predicting speech intelligibility transmitted through different telecommunication devices under varying electroacoustic conditions. The profession of audiology adopted this model and its quantitative aspects, known as the Articulation Index and Speech Intelligibility Index, and applied these indices to the prediction of unaided and aided speech intelligibility in hearing-impaired listeners. Over time, the calculation methods of these indices—referred to collectively in this paper as the Audibility Index—have been continually refined and simplified for clinical use. This article provides (1) an overview of the basic principles and the calculation methods of the Audibility Index, the Speech Transmission Index and related indices, as well as the Speech Recognition Sensitivity Model, (2) a review of the literature on using the Audibility Index to predict speech intelligibility of hearing-impaired listeners, (3) a review of the literature on the applicability of the Audibility Index to the selection and fitting of hearing aids, and (4) a discussion of future scientific needs and clinical applications of the Audibility Index. PMID:25425917

  4. Computer-aided Detection of Prostate Cancer with MRI: Technology and Applications.

    PubMed

    Liu, Lizhi; Tian, Zhiqiang; Zhang, Zhenfeng; Fei, Baowei

    2016-08-01

    One in six men will develop prostate cancer in his lifetime. Early detection and accurate diagnosis of the disease can improve cancer survival and reduce treatment costs. Recently, imaging of prostate cancer has greatly advanced since the introduction of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI). Mp-MRI consists of T2-weighted sequences combined with functional sequences including dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging. Because of the big data and variations in imaging sequences, detection can be affected by multiple factors such as observer variability and visibility and complexity of the lesions. To improve quantitative assessment of the disease, various computer-aided detection systems have been designed to help radiologists in their clinical practice. This review paper presents an overview of literatures on computer-aided detection of prostate cancer with mp-MRI, which include the technology and its applications. The aim of the survey is threefold: an introduction for those new to the field, an overview for those working in the field, and a reference for those searching for literature on a specific application. PMID:27133005

  5. A model of "integrated scientific method" and its application for the analysis of instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rusbult, Craig Francis

    educational applications of ISM could involve its use for instructional analysis or design, or for teaching students in the classroom; or ISM and IDM (a closely related, generalized 'integrated design method') could play valuable roles in a 'wide spiral' curriculum designed for the coordinated teaching of thinking skills, including creativity and critical thinking, across a wide range of subjects.

  6. Design, analysis, and applications of cellular contact-aided compliant mechanisms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehta, Vipul

    A new class of compliant mechanisms utilizing the benefits of cellular geometry and contact are addressed in this work. The design, analysis, fabrication and testing of such structures for high-strain and high-strength applications is the focus of the present research. Cellular structures have relatively good strength-to-weight ratios. They also have a higher strain capability than solid structures. Contact during deformation reduces failure-causing bending stresses through stress relief, thereby enabling such cellular structures to be stretched more than the corresponding structures without contact. Both analytical and numerical models are developed to represent one specific mechanism. Several candidate materials are investigated for such mechanisms. Although the allowable strain of all these materials is small, the overall strain of the contact-aided cellular mechanisms is at least an order of magnitude greater than that of the constitutive material. Application of contact to different materials yields an improvement in the global strain capacity by more than 100% relative to cellular structures without contact. Experiments are conducted to validate the models, and good agreement is found. Size optimization is carried out to maximize the stress relief and the overall strain. Two main applications are considered in the present work. One application consists of a morphing aircraft skin for adaptive structures. Different material models such as linearly elastic and multi-linear elastic are examined. For linearly elastic materials, contact-induced stress-relief is advantageous and for nonlinear elastic materials, reduction of transverse deflection due to contact is useful. The proposed contact-aided skin structure is compared with a cellular skin without contact. The contact mechanism helps to increase the morphing capacity while decreasing the structural mass. Using contact-aided cellular mechanisms, the global strain capability is increased by as much as 37%. For a

  7. 49 CFR 236.426 - Interlocking rules and instructions applicable to traffic control systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... traffic control systems. 236.426 Section 236.426 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Rules and Instructions § 236.426...

  8. 49 CFR 236.426 - Interlocking rules and instructions applicable to traffic control systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... traffic control systems. 236.426 Section 236.426 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Rules and Instructions § 236.426...

  9. 49 CFR 236.426 - Interlocking rules and instructions applicable to traffic control systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... traffic control systems. 236.426 Section 236.426 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Rules and Instructions § 236.426...

  10. 49 CFR 236.426 - Interlocking rules and instructions applicable to traffic control systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... traffic control systems. 236.426 Section 236.426 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Rules and Instructions § 236.426...

  11. 49 CFR 236.426 - Interlocking rules and instructions applicable to traffic control systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... traffic control systems. 236.426 Section 236.426 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Traffic Control Systems Rules and Instructions § 236.426...

  12. The Faculty's Perception of Web-Based Instruction Application in Iran's Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gholami, Khalil; Sayadi, Yaser

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the faculty perception on web-based instruction in order to explain the nature of learning and instruction in this setting. Using a mixed method approach, the research studied a sample of 132 University Faculty (lecturers and professors) in University of Kurdistan. The research tools were interview and questionnaire. The…

  13. A Review of Literature Examining the Application of Instructional Communication to the Training and Development Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, Robin Smith

    2006-01-01

    This paper is a review of human resource development, training, and instructional communication literature to determine any connections between trainers presentation and trainee motivation. The literature review explores constructs of instructional communication that impact motivation, and then connects motivation to trainees' transfer of…

  14. Application of the Consumer Decision-Making Model to Hearing Aid Adoption in First-Time Users

    PubMed Central

    Amlani, Amyn M.

    2016-01-01

    Since 1980, hearing aid adoption rates have remained essentially the same, increasing at a rate equal to the organic growth of the population. Researchers have used theoretical models from psychology and sociology to determine those factors or constructs that lead to the adoption of hearing aids by first-time impaired listeners entering the market. In this article, a theoretical model, the Consumer Decision-Making Model (CDM), premised on the neobehavioral approach that considers an individual's psychological and cognitive emphasis toward a product or service, is described. Three theoretical models (i.e., transtheoretical, social model of disability, Health Belief Model), and their relevant findings to the hearing aid market, are initially described. The CDM is then presented, along with supporting evidence of the model's various factors from the hearing aid literature. Future applications of the CDM to hearing health care also are discussed. PMID:27516718

  15. Evaluation of an Ultrasound-Aided Deep Rolling Process for Anti-Fatigue Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, You-Li; Wang, Kan; Li, Li; Huang, Yuan-Lin

    2009-11-01

    An ultrasound-aided deep rolling process (UADR) for anti-fatigue applications was developed and used for surface enhancement of titanium alloy specimens. The rotating bending fatigue test was performed for the UADR-treated and untreated fatigue specimens. Fractography of the fatigue-fractured specimens was investigated via scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). Surface and subsurface residual stress distributions after UADR treatment were measured by X-ray diffraction method. Surface morphology and roughness were observed and measured via SEM micrograph and a Talysurf roughness tester, respectively. The results showed that a deep layer of residual compressive stress developed and surface roughness was reduced after UADR treatment. Fatigue strength of the titanium alloy specimens was substantially improved. The fractographic examination of the fatigue-fractured specimens showed that the UADR-treated specimens developed finer fatigue striations than the untreated specimen.

  16. Application of machine vision technology to the development of aids for the visually impaired

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molloy, Derek; McGowan, T.; Clarke, K.; McCorkell, C.; Whelan, Paul F.

    1994-10-01

    This paper presents an experimental system for the combination of three areas of visual cues to aid recognition. The research is aimed at investigating the possibility of using this combination of information for scene description for the visually impaired. The areas identified as providing suitable visual cues are motion, shape and color. The combination of these provide a significant amount of information for recognition and description purposes by machine vision equipment and also allow the possibility of giving the user a more complete description of their environment. Research and development in the application of machine vision technologies to rehabilitative technologies has generally concentrated on utilizing a single visual cue. A novel method for the combination of techniques and technologies successful in machine vision is being explored. Work to date has concentrated on the integration of shape recognition, motion tracking, color extraction, speech synthesis, symbolic programming and auditory imaging of colors.

  17. Lithium-ion batteries for hearing aid applications: I. Design and performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Passerini, S.; Owens, B. B.; Coustier, F.

    Rechargeable batteries have been designed for powering hearing aid devices (HAD). The cells, based on the lithium-ion chemistry, were designed in a size that is compatible with the existing HAD. The 10 mA h batteries were tested to characterize the design and the electrochemical performance from the point of view of a typical HAD application. Results are presented for constant-current tests, first-cycle conditions, charge voltage cut-off, rate performance, and cycle life. The pulse capabilities and the preliminary safety tests of the batteries will be presented in a following report. The results of the lithium-ion HAD cells developed in this project are compared with other battery chemistries: lithium-alloy and nickel-metal hydride secondary batteries and Zn-air primary batteries.

  18. A sub-milliwatt audio-processing platform for digital hearing aids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Yuan; Liming, Chen; Zenghui, Yu; Yong, Hei

    2014-07-01

    We present a novel audio-processing platform, FlexEngine, which is composed of a 24-bit application-specific instruction-set processor (ASIP) and five dedicated accelerators. Acceleration instructions, compact instructions and repeat instruction are added into the ASIP's instruction set to deal with some core tasks of hearing aid algorithms. The five configurable accelerators are used to execute several of the most common functions of hearing aids. Moreover, several low power strategies, such as clock gating, data isolation, memory partition, bypass mode, sleep mode, are also applied in this platform for power reduction. The proposed platform is implemented in CMOS 130 nm technology, and test results show that power consumption of FlexEngine is 0.863 mW with the clock frequency of 8 MHz at Vdd = 1.0 V.

  19. 78 FR 31563 - Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical... amended by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009 (Ryan White Program or RWP), requires... antiretroviral drugs, for individuals with HIV/AIDS identified and eligible under the statute. The statute...

  20. Applications of instructional design theory to lesson planning for Superfund incident commander training

    SciTech Connect

    Mansfield, N.J.

    1992-01-01

    The increasing number of hazardous materials accidents in the United States has resulted in new federal regulations addressing the emergency response activities associated with chemical releases. A significant part of these new federal standards (29 CFR 1910.120 and 40 CFR Part 311) requires compliance with specific criteria by all personnel involved in a hazardous material emergency. This study investigated alternative lesson design models applicable to instruction for hazardous material emergencies. A specialized design checklist was created based on the work of Gagne, Briggs, and Wager (1988), Merrill (1987), and Clark (1989). This checklist was used in the development of lesson plan templates for the hazardous materials incident commander course. Qualitative data for establishing learning objectives was collected by conducting a needs assessment and a job analysis of the incident commander position. Incident commanders from 14 public and private organizations participated in the needs assessment process. Technical information for the lessons was collected from appropriate governmental agencies. The implementation of the checklist and lesson plans can contribute to assuring quality training for incident commanders throughout the United States.

  1. Extended precision data types for the development of the original computer aided engineering applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pescaru, A.; Oanta, E.; Axinte, T.; Dascalescu, A.-D.

    2015-11-01

    Computer aided engineering is based on models of the phenomena which are expressed as algorithms. The implementations of the algorithms are usually software applications which are processing a large volume of numerical data, regardless the size of the input data. In this way, the finite element method applications used to have an input data generator which was creating the entire volume of geometrical data, starting from the initial geometrical information and the parameters stored in the input data file. Moreover, there were several data processing stages, such as: renumbering of the nodes meant to minimize the size of the band length of the system of equations to be solved, computation of the equivalent nodal forces, computation of the element stiffness matrix, assemblation of system of equations, solving the system of equations, computation of the secondary variables. The modern software application use pre-processing and post-processing programs to easily handle the information. Beside this example, CAE applications use various stages of complex computation, being very interesting the accuracy of the final results. Along time, the development of CAE applications was a constant concern of the authors and the accuracy of the results was a very important target. The paper presents the various computing techniques which were imagined and implemented in the resulting applications: finite element method programs, finite difference element method programs, applied general numerical methods applications, data generators, graphical applications, experimental data reduction programs. In this context, the use of the extended precision data types was one of the solutions, the limitations being imposed by the size of the memory which may be allocated. To avoid the memory-related problems the data was stored in files. To minimize the execution time, part of the file was accessed using the dynamic memory allocation facilities. One of the most important consequences of the

  2. Ratsnake: A Versatile Image Annotation Tool with Application to Computer-Aided Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Iakovidis, D. K.; Goudas, T.; Smailis, C.; Maglogiannis, I.

    2014-01-01

    Image segmentation and annotation are key components of image-based medical computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. In this paper we present Ratsnake, a publicly available generic image annotation tool providing annotation efficiency, semantic awareness, versatility, and extensibility, features that can be exploited to transform it into an effective CAD system. In order to demonstrate this unique capability, we present its novel application for the evaluation and quantification of salient objects and structures of interest in kidney biopsy images. Accurate annotation identifying and quantifying such structures in microscopy images can provide an estimation of pathogenesis in obstructive nephropathy, which is a rather common disease with severe implication in children and infants. However a tool for detecting and quantifying the disease is not yet available. A machine learning-based approach, which utilizes prior domain knowledge and textural image features, is considered for the generation of an image force field customizing the presented tool for automatic evaluation of kidney biopsy images. The experimental evaluation of the proposed application of Ratsnake demonstrates its efficiency and effectiveness and promises its wide applicability across a variety of medical imaging domains. PMID:24616617

  3. A multimedia adult literacy program: Combining NASA technology, instructional design theory, and authentic literacy concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Willis, Jerry W.

    1993-01-01

    For a number of years, the Software Technology Branch of the Information Systems Directorate has been involved in the application of cutting edge hardware and software technologies to instructional tasks related to NASA projects. The branch has developed intelligent computer aided training shells, instructional applications of virtual reality and multimedia, and computer-based instructional packages that use fuzzy logic for both instructional and diagnostic decision making. One outcome of the work on space-related technology-supported instruction has been the creation of a significant pool of human talent in the branch with current expertise on the cutting edges of instructional technologies. When the human talent is combined with advanced technologies for graphics, sound, video, CD-ROM, and high speed computing, the result is a powerful research and development group that both contributes to the applied foundations of instructional technology and creates effective instructional packages that take advantage of a range of advanced technologies. Several branch projects are currently underway that combine NASA-developed expertise to significant instructional problems in public education. The branch, for example, has developed intelligent computer aided software to help high school students learn physics and staff are currently working on a project to produce educational software for young children with language deficits. This report deals with another project, the adult literacy tutor. Unfortunately, while there are a number of computer-based instructional packages available for adult literacy instruction, most of them are based on the same instructional models that failed these students when they were in school. The teacher-centered, discrete skill and drill-oriented, instructional strategies, even when they are supported by color computer graphics and animation, that form the foundation for most of the computer-based literacy packages currently on the market may not

  4. INDIVIDUALIZING UNIVERSITY INSTRUCTION, EXPLORING COMPUTER POTENTIAL TO AID COLLEGE TEACHERS BY DIRECTING THE LEARNING PROCESS. INTER-UNIVERSITY PROJECT ONE, PUBLICATIONS SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FALL, CHARLES R.

    THIS DOCUMENT CONCLUDES THAT INSTRUCTION BY COMPUTER-BASED RESOURCE UNITS CAN FACILITATE LEARNING AND PROVIDE THE INSTRUCTOR WITH VALUABLE ASSISTANCE. BY PRE-PLANNING THE TEACHING-LEARNING SITUATION, RESOURCE UNITS CAN FREE THE INSTRUCTOR FOR DECISION-MAKING TASKS. RESOURCE UNITS CAN ALSO PROVIDE APPROPRIATE LEARNING GOALS AND STUDY GUIDES TO EACH…

  5. The Monte Carlo Integration Computer as an Instructional Model for the Simulation of Equilibrium and Kinetic Chemical Processes: The Development and Evaluation of a Teaching Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Dean Arthur

    A special purpose digital computer which utilizes the Monte Carlo integration method of obtaining simulations of chemical processes was developed and constructed. The computer, designated as the Monte Carlo Integration Computer (MCIC), was designed as an instructional model for the illustration of kinetic and equilibrium processes, and was…

  6. Visual Aids Tracing Manual. Ideas and Step-By-Step Instructions for the Making of Hand-Drawn Filmstrips, Posters, and Flipcharts from Inexpensive Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Neighbors, Inc., OKhoma City, OK.

    Designed to assist fieldworkers in constructing their own visual materials, this guide provides practical assistance for filmstrip production. The first of four sections presents step-by-step instructions for producing a polyvinyl filmstrip, including detailed directions for filmstrip construction, choice of materials, and hints for successful…

  7. Improved Computer-Aided Instruction by the Use of Interfaced Random-Access Audio-Visual Equipment. Report on Research Project No. P/24/1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryce, C. F. A.; Stewart, A. M.

    A brief review of the characteristics of computer assisted instruction and the attributes of audiovisual media introduces this report on a project designed to improve the effectiveness of computer assisted learning through the incorporation of audiovisual materials. A discussion of the implications of research findings on the design and layout of…

  8. Plant aided bioremediation in the vadose zone: model development and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sung, Kijune; Corapcioglu, M. Yavuz; Drew, Malcolm C.

    2004-09-01

    Phytoremediation has the potential to enhance clean up of land contaminated by various pollutants. A mathematical model that includes a two-fluid phase flow model of water flow as well as a two-region soil model of contaminant reactions was developed and applied to various bioremediation scenarios in the unsaturated zone, especially to plant-aided bioremediation. To investigate model behavior and determine the main parameters and mechanisms that affect bioremediation in unplanted and planted soils, numerical simulations of theoretical scenarios were conducted before applying the model to field data. It is observed from the results that parameters affecting the contaminant concentration in the water phase, such as aqueous solubility, the octanol-water partition coefficient, and organic carbon content of the soil controlled the contaminant fate in the vadose zone. Simulation using the developed model also characterized the fate and transport of the contaminants both in planted and unplanted soils satisfactorily for field applications. Although phytoremediation has the potential for remediation of contaminated soils, results from both modeling and field studies suggested that plants may not always enhance the remediation efficiency when the soil already has a high microbial concentration, when the contaminant bioavailability is low, or when the overall reaction is mass transfer-limited. Therefore, other steps to increase contaminant bioavailability are needed in phytoremediation applications; natural purification mechanisms such as aging, volatilization, and natural bioremediation should be considered to maximize the plant effect and minimize the cost.

  9. The Automatic Parallelisation of Scientific Application Codes Using a Computer Aided Parallelisation Toolkit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ierotheou, C.; Johnson, S.; Leggett, P.; Cross, M.; Evans, E.; Jin, Hao-Qiang; Frumkin, M.; Yan, J.; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The shared-memory programming model is a very effective way to achieve parallelism on shared memory parallel computers. Historically, the lack of a programming standard for using directives and the rather limited performance due to scalability have affected the take-up of this programming model approach. Significant progress has been made in hardware and software technologies, as a result the performance of parallel programs with compiler directives has also made improvements. The introduction of an industrial standard for shared-memory programming with directives, OpenMP, has also addressed the issue of portability. In this study, we have extended the computer aided parallelization toolkit (developed at the University of Greenwich), to automatically generate OpenMP based parallel programs with nominal user assistance. We outline the way in which loop types are categorized and how efficient OpenMP directives can be defined and placed using the in-depth interprocedural analysis that is carried out by the toolkit. We also discuss the application of the toolkit on the NAS Parallel Benchmarks and a number of real-world application codes. This work not only demonstrates the great potential of using the toolkit to quickly parallelize serial programs but also the good performance achievable on up to 300 processors for hybrid message passing and directive-based parallelizations.

  10. Instruction set commutivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Windley, P.

    1992-01-01

    We present a state property called congruence and show how it can be used to demonstrate commutivity of instructions in a modern load-store architecture. Our analysis is particularly important in pipelined microprocessors where instructions are frequently reordered to avoid costly delays in execution caused by hazards. Our work has significant implications to safety and security critical applications since reordering can easily change the meaning and an instruction sequence and current techniques are largely ad hoc. Our work is done in a mechanical theorem prover and results in a set of trustworthy rules for instruction reordering. The mechanization makes it practical to analyze the entire instruction set.

  11. 78 FR 16481 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records-Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records--Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) Completion Study... with a disability, such as a reader or print magnifier, who needs assistance to review the comments or... Service (FRS), toll free, at 1-800-877-8339. Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in...

  12. Instructional Analysis for Health Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    This instructional analysis centers on identifying the skills, related knowledge, teacher activities, and student activities that are central to teaching various topics included in the core curriculum for health occupations courses. Addressed in the volume are the following instructional areas: first aid; medical terminology; medical asepsis;…

  13. Application of the instructional congruence framework: Developing supplemental materials for English language learners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drews, Tina Skjerping

    2009-12-01

    This dissertation is a study of the instructional congruence framework as it was used to develop and pilot a supplemental science unit on energy and the environment for sixth grade students in Arizona. With the growing linguistic and cultural diversity of children in American schools, congruent materials are more important now than ever before. The supplemental materials were designed by the researcher and underwent a six person, three educator and three engineer, panel review. The revised materials were then piloted in two sixth grade classrooms in the Southwest with high numbers of English language learners. Classroom observation, teacher interviews, and the classroom observation protocol were utilized to understand the fidelity to the instructional congruence framework. The fidelity of implementation of materials was subject to the realities of varied educational contexts. Piloting materials in urban contexts with diverse students involved additional challenges. The results of the study explore the challenges in creating instructionally congruent materials for diverse students in urban contexts. Recommendations are provided for curriculum developers that undertake the task of creating instructionally congruent materials and emphasize the need to devise innovative methods of creation, while understanding that there is no perfect solution. The education community as a whole could benefit from incorporating and synthesizing the instructional congruence framework in order to provide maximum opportunities in science for all students.

  14. Future development of instructional television

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

    1971-01-01

    The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

  15. Implementation and display of Computer Aided Design (CAD) models in Monte Carlo radiation transport and shielding applications

    SciTech Connect

    Burns, T.J.

    1994-03-01

    An Xwindow application capable of importing geometric information directly from two Computer Aided Design (CAD) based formats for use in radiation transport and shielding analyses is being developed at ORNL. The application permits the user to graphically view the geometric models imported from the two formats for verification and debugging. Previous models, specifically formatted for the radiation transport and shielding codes can also be imported. Required extensions to the existing combinatorial geometry analysis routines are discussed. Examples illustrating the various options and features which will be implemented in the application are presented. The use of the application as a visualization tool for the output of the radiation transport codes is also discussed.

  16. The Castaldi Nomogram. An Aid for Translating the Curriculum of Junior and Senior High Schools into the Necessary Number of Instructional Spaces or Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castaldi, Basil

    This aid consists of three specially designed charts for determining the number of teaching stations required to house any given enrollment of pupils in any subject. Further uses are to determine class size, to discover the adequacy of proposed multi-purpose rooms, and to compute the fraction of a school day any room will be used. A specific…

  17. NUCLEAR SCIENCE CURRICULUM PROJECT. INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES SUPPLEMENT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culver City Unified School District, CA.

    DESIGNED AS AN ADJUNCT TO MATERIALS DEVELOPED BY THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CURRICULUM PROJECT, THIS DOCUMENT PROVIDES RESOURCE MATERIAL WITH WHICH THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CURRICULUM MAY BE ENRICHED, AND ADDRESSES ITSELF TO (1) INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS PRESENTLY AVAILABLE, (2) USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS TO SUPPLEMENT THE CURRENT SCIENCE CURRICULA, (3) FACILITIES…

  18. Key Issues in Instructional Computer Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wozny, Michael J.

    1981-01-01

    Addresses key issues facing universities which plan to establish instructional computer graphics facilities, including computer-aided design/computer aided manufacturing systems, role in curriculum, hardware, software, writing instructional software, faculty involvement, operations, and research. Thirty-seven references and two appendices are…

  19. The Technology of Instruction in Mexican Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGinn, Noel F.; And Others

    The purposes of this study were to assess the presence and use of instructional aids and teaching arrangements in Mexican universities; to explain the existence and use of such aids; and to suggest policies and procedures intended to improve instruction in Mexican universities. Interviews were conducted with the directors of and a sample of…

  20. An Application of the Learning Cycle in Health Education: HIV/AIDS Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Tania Barman; Barman, Charles R.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: At the conclusion of this lesson, students will be able to (1) identify methods of contraception that are the least/most effective for HIV/AIDS prevention, (2) describe modes of HIV/AIDS transmission, (3) demonstrate proper condom use, and (4) describe the consequences of unprotected sexual behavior. Target Audience: Students enrolled…

  1. The Holistic Application of High Technology for Conversation, Writing, and Computer Access Aid Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Barry L.

    The principal thesis of this paper is that successful use of high technology for conversation, writing, and computer access aid systems requires a holistic perspective. A holistic approach is one in which all the components of the support system needed to use high technology effectively are in place. Recognizing that aid systems are tools helps…

  2. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided interstitial application of laser aided by fiber optic temperature sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farahani, Keyvan; Shellock, Frank G.; Lufkin, Robert B.; Castro, Dan J.

    1992-04-01

    In order to further understand signal variations observed on magnetic resonance imaging scans of interstitial laser heating, a commercial multichannel fluoroptic thermometer, equipped with fiber optic sensors, was employed in conjunction with the laser/MRI phototherapy system. Three calibrated fiber optic sensors of the thermometer were used to measure temperature changes in ex-vivo sheep's brain at various distances directly across from the beam of a Nd:YAG laser emitted from a bare fiber. Laser was operated at 5 W for 220 sec. Temperature was measured every 10 seconds and MR images were acquired during and after laser irradiation until temperature in all probes returned to the equilibrium level of prelaser irradiation. Image contrast analysis of the heated region showed that MRI signal variations, during heating and cooling periods, correlated well with the changes in temperature. It is concluded that direct thermometry of MRI-monitored laser application will aid in understanding the effects of high focal heating on the MRI signal.

  3. Role of computer aided detection (CAD) integration: case study with meniscal and articular cartilage CAD applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safdar, Nabile; Ramakrishna, Bharath; Saiprasad, Ganesh; Siddiqui, Khan; Siegel, Eliot

    2008-03-01

    Knee-related injuries involving the meniscal or articular cartilage are common and require accurate diagnosis and surgical intervention when appropriate. With proper techniques and experience, confidence in detection of meniscal tears and articular cartilage abnormalities can be quite high. However, for radiologists without musculoskeletal training, diagnosis of such abnormalities can be challenging. In this paper, the potential of improving diagnosis through integration of computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithms for automatic detection of meniscal tears and articular cartilage injuries of the knees is studied. An integrated approach in which the results of algorithms evaluating either meniscal tears or articular cartilage injuries provide feedback to each other is believed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of the individual CAD algorithms due to the known association between abnormalities in these distinct anatomic structures. The correlation between meniscal tears and articular cartilage injuries is exploited to improve the final diagnostic results of the individual algorithms. Preliminary results from the integrated application are encouraging and more comprehensive tests are being planned.

  4. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CATALOG.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Vocational Agriculture Instructional Materials Service, Columbus.

    THE TITLE, IDENTIFICATION NUMBER, DATE OF PUBLICATION, PAGINATION, A BRIEF DESCRIPTION, AND PRICE ARE GIVEN FOR EACH OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND AUDIOVISUAL AIDS INCLUDED IN THIS CATALOG. TOPICS COVERED ARE FIELD CORPS, HORTICULTURE, ANIMAL SCIENCE, SOILS, AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, AND FARMING PROGRAMS. AN ORDER FORM IS INCLUDED. (JM)

  5. Instructional Microcomputer Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, B. R.

    Intended to aid teachers, administrators, and interested parents by informing them about the state of the educational microcomputer market, this report is meant to be a guide to school districts in the acquisition and maintenance of microcomputers and related instructional materials. Trends in educational computing technology are noted in relation…

  6. Modeling the macroeconomic effects of AIDS, with an application to Tanzania.

    PubMed

    Cuddington, J T

    1993-05-01

    The 1956 Solow growth model is expanded to study the effects of the AIDS epidemic on the growth path of the economy and per capita GDP (gross domestic product). AIDS and no-AIDS scenarios are compared analytically and via simulations based upon Tanzanian demographic and macroeconomic data. The 1st section discusses various channels through which AIDS might affect the macroeconomy and describes its expected demographic impact in Tanzania. The model incorporating these key channels is then developed in the 2nd section. It is employed specifically to discuss the likely effect on the ratio of capital to labor and on output per capita as the economy moves from a no-AIDS situation toward a new steady state in which AIDS is assumed to be endemic. A simple simulation model in the 3rd section forecasts the time paths of macro aggregates in Tanzania as the prevalence of AIDS increases. These time paths are then compared with simulated results for a no-AIDS situation to determine the severity of the impact of the disease on the growth path of the Tanzanian economy, Bulatao's 1990 demographic scenarios are input in the simulated version of the model. The 4th section concludes by considering the policy implications of the analysis. The analysis indicates that without decisive policy action AIDS may reduce the GDP of Tanzania in the year 2010 by 15-25% over what it would be if AIDS did not exist. Per capita income levels are expected to fall by 0-10% by the year 2010. PMID:12318504

  7. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 752 - Instructions for Completing Form BIS-748P, Multipurpose Application for Requests for Special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... instructions in Supplement No. 1 to part 748 of the EAR. Block 5: Type of Application. Enter an “x” in the Special Comprehensive License box. Block 6: Documents Submitted with Application. Enter an “x” in the appropriate boxes to indicate which forms are attached. Block 7: Documents on File with Applicant. Leave...

  8. Personalized System of Instruction in Cyberspace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Crone-Todd, Darlene E.

    1999-01-01

    This study evaluated use of the Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction (CAPSI) based on Keller's Personalized System of Instruction with four different undergraduate psychology classes who received no classroom instruction. Students' performance and ratings indicate that CAPSI is a viable online educational method. (DB)

  9. Proficiency-Based Instruction in Reading: A Teacher Education Module. Applications Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, June K.

    A packet of materials designed for an inservice course for teachers of reading in another language translates the theory of second-language reading and the insights gained through a simulated activity into a practical plan for classroom teachers. The five-step plan represents an instructional framework providing the student with opportunities to…

  10. Microcomputer Applications for Library Instruction: Automation of Test and Assignment Scoring, and Student Record Keeping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugranes, Maria R.; Snider, Larry C.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the development of an automated library instruction records management system using microcomputer technology. Development described includes assessment of need, exploration of options, system design, and operational development. System products are identified and operational results are reported based on actual system performance.…

  11. The Application of Programmed Instruction in Fulfilling the Physiology Course Requirements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanisavljevic, Jelena; Djuric, Dragan

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of models of programmed instruction and conventional (informative-illustrative) expository teaching in terms of fulfilling the aims of the course "Human anatomy and physiology" which is included in the physiology programme and designed for undergraduate students majoring in biology education at…

  12. 77 FR 40383 - Comment Request for Information Collection for Labor Condition Application and Instructions for H...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ... employer to all other individuals with similar experience and qualifications to that of the foreign worker... Nonimmigrant Worker Information Form WH-4, Extension With Revisions AGENCY: Employment and Training...--General Instructions for the 9035 & 9035E; and Wage and Hour Division (WHD) Form WH-4--Nonimmigrant...

  13. The Application of SPSS in Analyzing the Effect of English Vocabulary Strategy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Shaoying

    2010-01-01

    The vocabulary learning is one of very important part in the college English teaching. Correct analysis of the result of vocabulary strategy instruction can offer feedbacks for English teaching, and help teachers to improve the teaching method. In this article, the issue how to use SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Science) to…

  14. 40 CFR 1039.220 - How do I amend the maintenance instructions in my application?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I amend the maintenance... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certifying Engine Families § 1039.220 How do I amend the maintenance instructions in...

  15. Teachers' Perception of Satisfaction, Skill Development, and Skill Application after Instructional Consultation Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Lauren; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd

    2009-01-01

    A primary hypothesized outcome of consultee-centered consultation, including instructional consultation (IC), is that consultees will become more skilled. However, these claims have not been well researched. Data from 274 teachers implementing IC were analyzed to investigate perceptions of satisfaction and skill development. Results indicated that…

  16. On the Application of Corpus of Contemporary American English in Vocabulary Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yusu, Xu

    2014-01-01

    The development of corpus linguistics has laid theoretical foundation and provided technical support for breaking the bottleneck in traditional vocabulary instruction in China. Corpora allow access to authentic data and show frequency patterns of words and grammar construction. Such patterns can be used to improve language materials or to directly…

  17. When Language of Instruction and Language of Application Differ: Cognitive Costs of Bilingual Mathematics Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saalbach, Henrik; Eckstein, Doris; Andri, Nicoletta; Hobi, Reto; Grabner, Roland H.

    2013-01-01

    Bilingual education programs implicitly assume that the acquired knowledge is represented in a language-independent way. This assumption, however, stands in strong contrast to research findings showing that information may be represented in a way closely tied to the specific language of instruction and learning. The present study aims to examine…

  18. Health economics: potential applications in HIV/AIDS control in Africa.

    PubMed

    Kirigia, Joses M; Sambo, Luis G; Anikpo, Emilienne; Karisa, Eddie; Mwabu, Germano

    2005-01-01

    There is growing evidence that HIV/ AIDS has enormous negative impact on health status and economic development of individuals, households, communities and nations in the African region. Thus, there is urgent need for various disciplines to demonstrate how they can contribute in curbing the spread of this deadly disease in the African region. This paper, using an extended version of Professor Alan Williams schema as the conceptual framework, attempts to demonstrate how health economics can be used to inform policy and managerial choices related to HIV/AIDS advocacy, prevention, treatment and management. It argues that the discipline of health economics (and economics generally) is extremely valuable in: measuring health impacts of the disease and interventions; evaluating the relationships between health care-seeking behaviour of individuals and health system specific attributes; the estimation of determinants of compliance of HIV/AIDS patients with treatment regimen; establishing of health institutions efficiency in combating AIDS; guiding choices of HIV/AIDS interventions; assessing the relationships between HIV/AIDS, development, poverty, and trade; programme planning, monitoring and evaluation; and assessing health system's overall performance. The paper is a modest attempt to show how the discipline of health economics can elucidate, and help in resolving practical and conceptual issues in HIV/AIDS control in Africa. PMID:17298133

  19. Information technology in veterinary pharmacology instruction.

    PubMed

    Kochevar, Deborah T

    2003-01-01

    Veterinary clinical pharmacology encompasses all interactions between drugs and animals and applies basic and clinical knowledge to improve rational drug use and patient outcomes. Veterinary pharmacology instructors set educational goals and objectives that, when mastered by students, lead to improved animal health. The special needs of pharmacology instruction include establishing a functional interface between basic and clinical knowledge, managing a large quantity of information, and mastering quantitative skills essential to successful drug administration and analysis of drug action. In the present study, a survey was conducted to determine the extent to which veterinary pharmacology instructors utilize information technology (IT) in their teaching. Several IT categories were investigated, including Web-based instructional aids, stand-alone pharmacology software, interactive videoconferencing, databases, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and e-book applications. Currently IT plays a largely ancillary role in pharmacology instruction. IT use is being expanded primarily through the efforts of two veterinary professional pharmacology groups, the American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology (ACVCP) and the American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AAVPT). The long-term outcome of improved IT use in pharmacology instruction should be to support the larger educational mission of active learning and problem solving. Creation of high-quality IT resources that promote this goal has the potential to improve veterinary pharmacology instruction within and across institutions. PMID:14976618

  20. The Selection and Use of Teaching Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romiszowski, A.J.

    Teaching aids, properly chosen and skillfully presented, should provide a variety of instructional methods and enhance the amount of actual learning which occurs. In order to help the teacher choose the best teaching aid for a given instructional task, a systems approach to media selection is outlined, and a checklist of questions is presented to…

  1. Clinical hypothesis: Application of AIDS vaccines together with thyroid hormones to increase their immunogenic effect.

    PubMed

    Halabe Bucay, Alberto

    2007-08-14

    To date, none of the vaccines that have been developed to prevent AIDS have proven to be sufficiently effective, despite the human immunodeficiency virus itself having been used as a vector as well as viral fragments, and genetic material from the virus itself and that the vaccines available have been administered with different adjuvants, including cytokines. This paper presents the hypothesis that if AIDS vaccines are administered together with thyroid hormones, the cellular and humoral immune responses will increase and the patients that receive these together will present much better immunogenicity against AIDS. PMID:17570565

  2. APPLICATION OF COMPUTER AIDED TOMOGRAPHY (CAT) TO THE STUDY OF MARINE BENTIC COMMUNITIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Sediment cores were imaged using a Computer-Aided Tomography (CT) scanner at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Procedures were developed, using the attenuation of X-rays, to differentiate between sediment and the water contained in macrobenthic...

  3. Computer-aided analysis of Skylab scanner data for land use mapping, forestry and water resource applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoffer, R. M.

    1975-01-01

    Skylab data were obtained over a mountainous test site containing a complex association of cover types and rugged topography. The application of computer-aided analysis techniques to the multispectral scanner data produced a number of significant results. Techniques were developed to digitally overlay topographic data (elevation, slope, and aspect) onto the S-192 MSS data to provide a method for increasing the effectiveness and accuracy of computer-aided analysis techniques for cover type mapping. The S-192 MSS data were analyzed using computer techniques developed at Laboratory for Applications of Remote Sensing (LARS), Purdue University. Land use maps, forest cover type maps, snow cover maps, and area tabulations were obtained and evaluated. These results compared very well with information obtained by conventional techniques. Analysis of the spectral characteristics of Skylab data has conclusively proven the value of the middle infrared portion of the spectrum (about 1.3-3.0 micrometers), a wavelength region not previously available in multispectral satellite data.

  4. The Application of Computer-Aided Discovery to Spacecraft Site Selection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pankratius, V.; Blair, D. M.; Gowanlock, M.; Herring, T.

    2015-12-01

    The selection of landing and exploration sites for interplanetary robotic or human missions is a complex task. Historically it has been labor-intensive, with large groups of scientists manually interpreting a planetary surface across a variety of datasets to identify potential sites based on science and engineering constraints. This search process can be lengthy, and excellent sites may get overlooked when the aggregate value of site selection criteria is non-obvious or non-intuitive. As planetary data collection leads to Big Data repositories and a growing set of selection criteria, scientists will face a combinatorial search space explosion that requires scalable, automated assistance. We are currently exploring more general computer-aided discovery techniques in the context of planetary surface deformation phenomena that can lend themselves to application in the landing site search problem. In particular, we are developing a general software framework that addresses key difficulties: characterizing a given phenomenon or site based on data gathered from multiple instruments (e.g. radar interferometry, gravity, thermal maps, or GPS time series), and examining a variety of possible workflows whose individual configurations are optimized to isolate different features. The framework allows algorithmic pipelines and hypothesized models to be perturbed or permuted automatically within well-defined bounds established by the scientist. For example, even simple choices for outlier and noise handling or data interpolation can drastically affect the detectability of certain features. These techniques aim to automate repetitive tasks that scientists routinely perform in exploratory analysis, and make them more efficient and scalable by executing them in parallel in the cloud. We also explore ways in which machine learning can be combined with human feedback to prune the search space and converge to desirable results. Acknowledgements: We acknowledge support from NASA AIST

  5. Measuring real-ear signal-to-noise ratio: application to directional hearing aids.

    PubMed

    Bell, Steven L; Creeke, Sarah A; Lutman, Mark E

    2010-03-01

    Due to individual characteristics such as head size, earmould type, and earmould venting, the directional benefit that an individual will obtain from a hearing aid cannot be predicted from average data. It is therefore desirable to measure real ear directional benefit. This paper demonstrates a method to measure real ear hearing aid directivity based on a general approach to measure the broadband output signal-to-noise ratio of a hearing aid. Errors arising from non-linearity were tested in simulation and found to be low for typical hearing aid compression ratios. Next, the efficacy of the method to estimate directional benefit was demonstrated on KEMAR. Finally the variability of directional benefit was explored in real-ears. Significant differences in signal-to-noise ratio between directional and omnidirectional microphone settings were demonstrated at most azimuths. Articulation-Index-weighted directional benefit varied by more than 7 dB across ears at some azimuths. Such individual variation in directional benefit has implications when fitting hearing aids: it should not be assumed that all users will receive similar directional benefit from the same hearing aid. PMID:20151932

  6. Circulation Aide Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergeson, Alan O.

    This training manual provides instruction on shelving and other duties for student assistants in the learning resources center at the College of Dupage, located in Illinois. It is noted that prospective student circulation aides are required to read the manual and pass a written test on policies and procedures before they are allowed to shelve…

  7. Application of Instructional Design Principles in Developing an Online Information Literacy Curriculum.

    PubMed

    Mi, Misa

    2016-01-01

    An online information literacy curriculum was developed as an intervention to engage students in independent study and self-assessment of their learning needs and learning outcomes, develop proficiency in information skills, and foster lifelong learning. This column demonstrates how instructional design principles were applied to create the learning experiences integrated into various courses of the medical curriculum to promote active learning of information skills and maximize self-directed learning outcomes for lifelong learning. PMID:26794201

  8. Effect of Visualization (Job Aids) in Facilitating Cognitive Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Karen L.; Dwyer, Francis

    This study examined the instructional effectiveness with which different job aid types facilitated learner achievement of different types of learning objectives and identified the degree to which low and high prior knowledge individuals profit from different job aid types. The instructional content used in the study was an instructional module on…

  9. Elegant Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

  10. Computer Assisted Instructional Design for Computer-Based Instruction. Final Report. Working Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Daniel M.; Pirolli, Peter

    Recent advances in artificial intelligence and the cognitive sciences have made it possible to develop successful intelligent computer-aided instructional systems for technical and scientific training. In addition, computer-aided design (CAD) environments that support the rapid development of such computer-based instruction have also been recently…

  11. Assembly and Insertion of a Self-Fitting Hearing Aid

    PubMed Central

    Hickson, Louise; Meyer, Carly

    2011-01-01

    A self-fitting hearing aid has been proposed as a viable option to meet the need for rehabilitation in areas where audiology services are unreliable. A successful outcome with a self-fitting hearing aid pivots in part on the clarity of the instructions accompanying the device. The aims of this article are (a) to review the literature to determine features that should be incorporated into written health-care materials and factors to consider in the design process when developing written instructions for a target audience of older adults and (b) to apply this information to the development of a set of written instructions as the first step in self-fitting of a hearing aid, assembling four parts and inserting the aid into the ear. The method involved a literature review of published peer reviewed research. The literature revealed four steps in the development of written health-care materials: planning, design, assessment of suitability, and pilot testing. Best practice design principles for each step were applied in the development of instructions for how to assemble and insert a hearing aid. Separate booklets were developed for the left and right aids and the content of each consisted of simple line drawings accompanied by captions. The reading level was Grade 3.5 equivalent and the Flesch Reading Ease Score was 91.1 indicating that the materials were “very easy” to read. It is essential to follow best practice design principles when developing written health-care materials to motivate the reader, maximize comprehension, and increase the likelihood of successful application of the content. PMID:22389434

  12. Application of Computer-Aided Diagnosis to the Sonographic Evaluation of Cervical Lymph Nodes.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Junhua; Wang, Yuanyuan; Yu, Bo; Shi, Xinling; Zhang, Yufeng

    2016-03-01

    We initiated an observer study to evaluate a computerized system developed in our previous study for automatic extraction of 10 features and estimation of the malignancy probability of cervical nodes in sonograms. In the present study, five expert radiologists and five resident radiologists interpreted the sonograms of 178 nodes. The malignancy rating and patient management recommendation (biopsy or follow-up) were made without and then with the computer aid. Under these two reading conditions, the performances of radiologists and agreement among a group of radiologists were evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and the κ statistic, respectively. With the computer aid, the performances of radiologists improved significantly, as indicated by the increase in the area under the ROC curve (Az) from 0.843 to 0.896 (p = 0.031) and from 0.705 to 0.822 (p < 0.001), for the expert and resident groups, respectively. Agreement among all 10 radiologists improved from slight to moderate as indicated by an increase in the κ value from 0.195 to 0.421 (p < 0.001). The average performance of residents with aid (Az = 0.822) was close to that of experts without aid (Az = 0.843). Results indicate that computer-aided diagnosis is useful to improve radiologist performance (especially that of inexperienced radiologists) in the ultrasonographic evaluation of cervical nodes and to reduce variability among radiologists. PMID:26025577

  13. Application of psyllium husk as coagulant and coagulant aid in semi-aerobic landfill leachate treatment.

    PubMed

    Al-Hamadani, Yasir A J; Yusoff, Mohd Suffian; Umar, Muhammad; Bashir, Mohammed J K; Adlan, Mohd Nordin

    2011-06-15

    Landfill leachate is a heavily polluted and a likely hazardous liquid that is produced as a result of water infiltration through solid wastes generated industrially and domestically. This study investigates the potential of using psyllium husk as coagulant and coagulant aid for the treatment of landfill leachate. Psyllium husk has been tested as primary coagulant and as coagulant aid with poly-aluminum chloride (PACl) and aluminum sulfate (alum). As primary coagulant, the optimum dosage and pH for PACl were 7.2 and 7.5 g/L, respectively, with removal efficiencies of 55, 80 and 95% for COD, color and TSS, respectively. For alum, the optimum conditions were 11 g/L alum dosage and pH 6.5 with removal efficiencies of 58, 79 and 78% for COD, color and TSS, respectively. The maximum removal efficiencies of COD, color and TSS were 64, 90 and 96%, respectively, when psyllium husk was used as coagulant aid with PACl. Based on the results, psyllium husk was found to be more effective as coagulant aid with PACl in the removal of COD, color and TSS as compared to alum. Zeta potential test was carried out for leachate, PACl, alum and psyllium husk before and after running the jar test to enhance the results of the jar test experiments. PMID:21507572

  14. APPLICATION OF COMPUTER-AIDED TOMOGRAPHY TO VISUALIZE AND QUANTIFY BIOGENIC STRUCTURES IN MARINE SEDIMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    We used computer-aided tomography (CT) for 3D visualization and 2D analysis of

    marine sediment cores from 3 stations (at 10, 75 and 118 m depths) with different environmental

    impact. Biogenic structures such as tubes and burrows were quantified and compared among st...

  15. [Application of information technology in orthodontics. 3. Practical method for computer aided measurements of orthodontic models].

    PubMed

    Reinhardt, H; Haffner, T; Ifert, F; Malsch, J; Schneider, P

    1989-09-01

    A practical method for computer aided measurements of orthodontic models is introduced here. Measurements values are taken by using in incremental donor with the traditional slide rule. Advantages of this method lead to a higher efficiency of model measurements. PMID:2636504

  16. Documentation and Instructions for Running Two Python Scripts that Aid in Setting up 3D Measurements using the Polytec 3D Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometer.

    SciTech Connect

    Rohe, Daniel Peter

    2015-08-24

    Sandia National Laboratories has recently purchased a Polytec 3D Scanning Laser Doppler Vibrometer for vibration measurement. This device has proven to be a very nice tool for making vibration measurements, and has a number of advantages over traditional sensors such as accelerometers. The non-contact nature of the laser vibrometer means there is no mass loading due to measuring the response. Additionally, the laser scanning heads can position the laser spot much more quickly and accurately than placing an accelerometer or performing a roving hammer impact. The disadvantage of the system is that a significant amount of time must be invested to align the lasers with each other and the part so that the laser spots can be accurately positioned. The Polytec software includes a number of nice tools to aid in this procedure; however, certain portions are still tedious. Luckily, the Polytec software is readily extensible by programming macros for the system, so tedious portions of the procedure can be made easier by automating the process. The Polytec Software includes a WinWrap (similar to Visual Basic) editor and interface to run macros written in that programming language. The author, however, is much more proficient in Python, and the latter also has a much larger set of libraries that can be used to create very complex macros, while taking advantage of Python’s inherent readability and maintainability.

  17. Digital signal processing (DSP) applications for multiband loudness correction digital hearing aids and cochlear implants.

    PubMed

    Dillier, N; Frölich, T; Kompis, M; Bögli, H; Lai, W K

    1993-01-01

    Single-chip digital signal processors (DSPs) allow the flexible implementation of a large variety of speech analysis, synthesis, and processing algorithms for the hearing impaired. A series of experiments was carried out to optimize parameters of the adaptive beamformer noise reduction algorithm and to evaluate its performance in realistic environments with normal-hearing and hearing-impaired subjects. An experimental DSP system has been used to implement a multiband loudness correction (MLC) algorithm for a digital hearing aid. Speech tests in quiet and noise with 13 users of conventional hearing aids demonstrated significant improvements in discrimination scores with the MLC algorithm. Various speech coding strategies for cochlear implants were implemented in real time on a DSP laboratory speech processor. Improved speech discrimination performance was achieved with high-rate stimulation. Hybrid strategies incorporating speech feature detectors and complex decision algorithms are currently being investigated. PMID:8263833

  18. HIV / AIDS

    MedlinePlus

    ... Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Understanding HIV/AIDS AIDS was first reported in the United States in ... and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or ...

  19. The Necessity and Applicability Levels of the Courses that are Offered in the Departments of Computer Education and Instructional Technologies (CEIT)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acat, M. Bahaddin; Kilic, Abdurrahman; Girmen, Pinar; Anagun, Senegul S.

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to identify the levels of the necessity and applicability of the courses offered in the Departments of Computer Education and Instructional Technologies based on the views of the fourth grade and graduated students. In the study descriptive research model was used. The population of the study were final-year and…

  20. Planning and Organizing the Vocational Education Learning Environment for Competency-Based Instruction. Microcomputer Applications for Vocational Teachers: A Competency-Based Approach--Book D.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Gene; Tesolowski, Dennis

    This handbook is the fourth in a series of five competency-based resource guides on microcomputer applications for vocational teachers. The six units of instruction in this handbook are concerned with the content of the seven competencies included in the category, "Planning and Organizing the Vocational Education Learning Environment for…

  1. 30 CFR 75.1713-6 - First-aid training program; minimum requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First-aid training program; minimum... § 75.1713-6 First-aid training program; minimum requirements. (a) All first-aid training programs... course of instruction similar to that outlined in “First Aid, A Bureau of Mines Instruction Manual.”...

  2. 30 CFR 75.1713-6 - First-aid training program; minimum requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false First-aid training program; minimum... § 75.1713-6 First-aid training program; minimum requirements. (a) All first-aid training programs... course of instruction similar to that outlined in “First Aid, A Bureau of Mines Instruction Manual.”...

  3. 30 CFR 75.1713-6 - First-aid training program; minimum requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First-aid training program; minimum... § 75.1713-6 First-aid training program; minimum requirements. (a) All first-aid training programs... course of instruction similar to that outlined in “First Aid, A Bureau of Mines Instruction Manual.”...

  4. Programming the Instructional Film; Monograph One.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerlach, Vernon S.; And Others

    Instructional technology, defined as the application to instruction of a primary or underlying science, refers in the present context to the science of human behavior with regard to problems of instruction and learning. Instructional films, though of a very high technical standard, and though widely used nowadays, are seldom constructed along the…

  5. Can Multimedia Instruction Meet Our Expectations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Loretta L.; Smith, Stanley G.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses various aspects of multimedia instruction, including differences in goals from those of computer-assisted instruction; guidelines for the successful use of interactive multimedia instruction; the use of multimedia lessons in an introductory chemistry course; applications of multimedia instruction for indexing, hypermedia, simulations,…

  6. Classrooms and Computers as Instructional Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amarel, Marianne

    1983-01-01

    The influx of computers into the classroom is discussed from a teacher's point of view. Teachers' reactions to the PLATO Elementary Mathematics and Reading Project (a computer aided instructional model) from the author's point of view are noted. (JMK)

  7. Application of a neural network as a potential aid in predicting NTF pump failure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rogers, James L.; Hill, Jeffrey S.; Lamarsh, William J., II; Bradley, David E.

    1993-01-01

    The National Transonic Facility has three centrifugal multi-stage pumps to supply liquid nitrogen to the wind tunnel. Pump reliability is critical to facility operation and test capability. A highly desirable goal is to be able to detect a pump rotating component problem as early as possible during normal operation and avoid serious damage to other pump components. If a problem is detected before serious damage occurs, the repair cost and downtime could be reduced significantly. A neural network-based tool was developed for monitoring pump performance and aiding in predicting pump failure. Once trained, neural networks can rapidly process many combinations of input values other than those used for training to approximate previously unknown output values. This neural network was applied to establish relationships among the critical frequencies and aid in predicting failures. Training pairs were developed from frequency scans from typical tunnel operations. After training, various combinations of critical pump frequencies were propagated through the neural network. The approximated output was used to create a contour plot depicting the relationships of the input frequencies to the output pump frequency.

  8. HIV/AIDS Interventions in Bangladesh: What Can Application of a Social Exclusion Framework Tell Us?

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Bangladesh has maintained a low HIV prevalence (of less than 1%) despite multiple risk factors. However, recent serological surveillance data have reported very high levels of HIV infection among a subgroup of male injecting drug-users (IDUs). This suggests that an HIV/AIDS epidemic could be imminent in Bangladesh. Although biomedical and behavioural change projects are important, they do not address the root causes of observed risky behaviours among ‘high-risk’ groups. In Bangladesh, these groups include sex workers, IDUs, males who have sex with males, and the transgender population—hijra—who are all excluded groups. Using a social exclusion framework, this paper analyzed existing literature on HIV in Bangladesh to identify social, economic and legal forces that heighten the vulnerability of such excluded groups to HIV/AIDS. It found that poverty and bias against women are major exclusionary factors. The paper presents areas for research and for policy action so that the social exclusion of high-risk groups can be reduced, their rights protected, and an HIV epidemic averted. PMID:19761091

  9. The Atmospheric Measurements of ICESat-2: Scientific Applications and an Aide to Mission Success

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palm, S. P.; Herzfeld, U. C.; Yang, Y.

    2015-12-01

    Carrying the Advanced Topographic Lidar Altimeter System (ATLAS), ICESat-2 is scheduled for launch in 2017. Though the primary science objective of the 3 year mission is the high resolution altimetry mapping of the Earth's major ice sheets, ATLAS will also acquire atmospheric backscatter profiles from the 3 strong 532 nm laser beams (ATLAS utilizes 6 beams in total). The main intent of the atmospheric channel is to characterize the atmosphere to aide in the interpretation and filtering of altimetry data, as clouds, fog and blowing snow can adversely affect the ranging accuracy due to signal attenuation and multiple scattering. But aside from their use as an aide to altimetry, the ATLAS atmospheric data have potential scientific uses in their own right such as Global and especially polar cloud studies, aerosol sources and transport and blowing snow over the polar regions. This presentation will discuss the characteristics of the ATLAS atmospheric data, the planned atmospheric data products and their potential for contributing to atmospheric science and the success of the ICESat-2 mission.

  10. Types of verbal interaction with instructable robots

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crangle, C.; Suppes, P.; Michalowski, S.

    1987-01-01

    An instructable robot is one that accepts instruction in some natural language such as English and uses that instruction to extend its basic repertoire of actions. Such robots are quite different in conception from autonomously intelligent robots, which provide the impetus for much of the research on inference and planning in artificial intelligence. Examined here are the significant problem areas in the design of robots that learn from vebal instruction. Examples are drawn primarily from our earlier work on instructable robots and recent work on the Robotic Aid for the physically disabled. Natural-language understanding by machines is discussed as well as in the possibilities and limits of verbal instruction. The core problem of verbal instruction, namely, how to achieve specific concrete action in the robot in response to commands that express general intentions, is considered, as are two major challenges to instructability: achieving appropriate real-time behavior in the robot, and extending the robot's language capabilities.

  11. Ultraviolet light propagation under low visibility atmospheric conditions and its application to aircraft landing aid.

    PubMed

    Lavigne, Claire; Durand, Gérard; Roblin, Antoine

    2006-12-20

    Light scattering in the atmosphere by particles and molecules gives rise to an aureole surrounding the source image that tends to reduce the contrast of the source with respect to the background. However, UV scattering phase functions of the haze droplets present a very important forward peak. The spreading of a detected signal in the UV is not as important as in the case of a clear atmosphere where Rayleigh scattering predominates. This physical property has to be taken into account to evaluate the potential of UV radiation as an aircraft landing aid under low visibility conditions. Different results characterizing UV runway lights, simulations of UV radiation propagation in the atmosphere, and the use of a simple detection algorithm applied to one particular sensor are presented. PMID:17151753

  12. Remote sensing-aided systems for snow qualification, evapotranspiration estimation, and their application in hydrologic models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Korram, S.

    1977-01-01

    The design of general remote sensing-aided methodologies was studied to provide the estimates of several important inputs to water yield forecast models. These input parameters are snow area extent, snow water content, and evapotranspiration. The study area is Feather River Watershed (780,000 hectares), Northern California. The general approach involved a stepwise sequence of identification of the required information, sample design, measurement/estimation, and evaluation of results. All the relevent and available information types needed in the estimation process are being defined. These include Landsat, meteorological satellite, and aircraft imagery, topographic and geologic data, ground truth data, and climatic data from ground stations. A cost-effective multistage sampling approach was employed in quantification of all the required parameters. The physical and statistical models for both snow quantification and evapotranspiration estimation was developed. These models use the information obtained by aerial and ground data through appropriate statistical sampling design.

  13. Working Memory and Hearing Aid Processing: Literature Findings, Future Directions, and Clinical Applications.

    PubMed

    Souza, Pamela; Arehart, Kathryn; Neher, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Working memory-the ability to process and store information-has been identified as an important aspect of speech perception in difficult listening environments. Working memory can be envisioned as a limited-capacity system which is engaged when an input signal cannot be readily matched to a stored representation or template. This "mismatch" is expected to occur more frequently when the signal is degraded. Because working memory capacity varies among individuals, those with smaller capacity are expected to demonstrate poorer speech understanding when speech is degraded, such as in background noise. However, it is less clear whether (and how) working memory should influence practical decisions, such as hearing treatment. Here, we consider the relationship between working memory capacity and response to specific hearing aid processing strategies. Three types of signal processing are considered, each of which will alter the acoustic signal: fast-acting wide-dynamic range compression, which smooths the amplitude envelope of the input signal; digital noise reduction, which may inadvertently remove speech signal components as it suppresses noise; and frequency compression, which alters the relationship between spectral peaks. For fast-acting wide-dynamic range compression, a growing body of data suggests that individuals with smaller working memory capacity may be more susceptible to such signal alterations, and may receive greater amplification benefit with "low alteration" processing. While the evidence for a relationship between wide-dynamic range compression and working memory appears robust, the effects of working memory on perceptual response to other forms of hearing aid signal processing are less clear cut. We conclude our review with a discussion of the opportunities (and challenges) in translating information on individual working memory into clinical treatment, including clinically feasible measures of working memory. PMID:26733899

  14. Modern prescription theory and application: realistic expectations for speech recognition with hearing AIDS.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Earl E

    2013-01-01

    A major decision at the time of hearing aid fitting and dispensing is the amount of amplification to provide listeners (both adult and pediatric populations) for the appropriate compensation of sensorineural hearing impairment across a range of frequencies (e.g., 160-10000 Hz) and input levels (e.g., 50-75 dB sound pressure level). This article describes modern prescription theory for hearing aids within the context of a risk versus return trade-off and efficient frontier analyses. The expected return of amplification recommendations (i.e., generic prescriptions such as National Acoustic Laboratories-Non-Linear 2, NAL-NL2, and Desired Sensation Level Multiple Input/Output, DSL m[i/o]) for the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) and high-frequency audibility were traded against a potential risk (i.e., loudness). The modeled performance of each prescription was compared one with another and with the efficient frontier of normal hearing sensitivity (i.e., a reference point for the most return with the least risk). For the pediatric population, NAL-NL2 was more efficient for SII, while DSL m[i/o] was more efficient for high-frequency audibility. For the adult population, NAL-NL2 was more efficient for SII, while the two prescriptions were similar with regard to high-frequency audibility. In terms of absolute return (i.e., not considering the risk of loudness), however, DSL m[i/o] prescribed more outright high-frequency audibility than NAL-NL2 for either aged population, particularly, as hearing loss increased. Given the principles and demonstrated accuracy of desensitization (reduced utility of audibility with increasing hearing loss) observed at the group level, additional high-frequency audibility beyond that of NAL-NL2 is not expected to make further contributions to speech intelligibility (recognition) for the average listener. PMID:24253361

  15. Modern Prescription Theory and Application: Realistic Expectations for Speech Recognition With Hearing Aids

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    A major decision at the time of hearing aid fitting and dispensing is the amount of amplification to provide listeners (both adult and pediatric populations) for the appropriate compensation of sensorineural hearing impairment across a range of frequencies (e.g., 160–10000 Hz) and input levels (e.g., 50–75 dB sound pressure level). This article describes modern prescription theory for hearing aids within the context of a risk versus return trade-off and efficient frontier analyses. The expected return of amplification recommendations (i.e., generic prescriptions such as National Acoustic Laboratories—Non-Linear 2, NAL-NL2, and Desired Sensation Level Multiple Input/Output, DSL m[i/o]) for the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) and high-frequency audibility were traded against a potential risk (i.e., loudness). The modeled performance of each prescription was compared one with another and with the efficient frontier of normal hearing sensitivity (i.e., a reference point for the most return with the least risk). For the pediatric population, NAL-NL2 was more efficient for SII, while DSL m[i/o] was more efficient for high-frequency audibility. For the adult population, NAL-NL2 was more efficient for SII, while the two prescriptions were similar with regard to high-frequency audibility. In terms of absolute return (i.e., not considering the risk of loudness), however, DSL m[i/o] prescribed more outright high-frequency audibility than NAL-NL2 for either aged population, particularly, as hearing loss increased. Given the principles and demonstrated accuracy of desensitization (reduced utility of audibility with increasing hearing loss) observed at the group level, additional high-frequency audibility beyond that of NAL-NL2 is not expected to make further contributions to speech intelligibility (recognition) for the average listener. PMID:24253361

  16. Working Memory and Hearing Aid Processing: Literature Findings, Future Directions, and Clinical Applications

    PubMed Central

    Souza, Pamela; Arehart, Kathryn; Neher, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Working memory—the ability to process and store information—has been identified as an important aspect of speech perception in difficult listening environments. Working memory can be envisioned as a limited-capacity system which is engaged when an input signal cannot be readily matched to a stored representation or template. This “mismatch” is expected to occur more frequently when the signal is degraded. Because working memory capacity varies among individuals, those with smaller capacity are expected to demonstrate poorer speech understanding when speech is degraded, such as in background noise. However, it is less clear whether (and how) working memory should influence practical decisions, such as hearing treatment. Here, we consider the relationship between working memory capacity and response to specific hearing aid processing strategies. Three types of signal processing are considered, each of which will alter the acoustic signal: fast-acting wide-dynamic range compression, which smooths the amplitude envelope of the input signal; digital noise reduction, which may inadvertently remove speech signal components as it suppresses noise; and frequency compression, which alters the relationship between spectral peaks. For fast-acting wide-dynamic range compression, a growing body of data suggests that individuals with smaller working memory capacity may be more susceptible to such signal alterations, and may receive greater amplification benefit with “low alteration” processing. While the evidence for a relationship between wide-dynamic range compression and working memory appears robust, the effects of working memory on perceptual response to other forms of hearing aid signal processing are less clear cut. We conclude our review with a discussion of the opportunities (and challenges) in translating information on individual working memory into clinical treatment, including clinically feasible measures of working memory. PMID:26733899

  17. A Short Guide to Instructional Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubadeau, Duane O.; And Others

    Designed to provide a concise description of traditional instructional techniques, as well as more recent technology-based techniques, this 11-part guidebook includes the following sections: (1) "The Value of Planning"; (2) "Aids to Effective Instruction," reviewing the reasons for employing learning objectives, Bloom's taxonomy of objectives for…

  18. AV Instruction Media and Methods; Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James W., Ed.; And Others

    In addition to updating material covered in the second edition and providing more illustrative material, this edition attempts to offer a systematic approach to the integration of instructional aids into the curriculum. It discusses the use of significant new developments in instructional technology-multimedia packages or kits, programed…

  19. Applying a Wearable Voice-Activated Computer to Instructional Applications in Clean Room Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graves, Corey A.; Lupisella, Mark L.

    2004-01-01

    The use of wearable computing technology in restrictive environments related to space applications offers promise in a number of domains. The clean room environment is one such domain in which hands-free, heads-up, wearable computing is particularly attractive for education and training because of the nature of clean room work We have developed and tested a Wearable Voice-Activated Computing (WEVAC) system based on clean room applications. Results of this initial proof-of-concept work indicate that there is a strong potential for WEVAC to enhance clean room activities.

  20. Financial Aid Administrators' Views on Simplifying Financial Aid: NASFAA's 2008 Financial Aid Simplification Survey Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Despite a decade of simplification efforts, students and families are often still baffled by the student aid process and cringe at the sight of financial aid application forms. Contrary to its purpose of helping students to access college, the student aid application process causes families frustration and confusion that has been cited as an…

  1. The Development and Experimental Application of Self-Instructional Practice Materials for Beginning Instrumentalists. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puopolo, Vito

    This study investigated the feasibility of structured, programmed practice with tape-recorded materials and its effect upon the performance achievement of beginning elementary cornet and trumpet students. The main purpose of the study was to facilitate the teaching and learning in instrumental performance through the application of programmed…

  2. An Assessment of the Application of Psychomotor Learning Theory Constructs in Preclinical Laboratory Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feil, Philip

    1992-01-01

    A survey investigated the application of constructs related to acquisition of psychomotor skills in the preclinical dental curriculum in 220 departments of operative dentistry, fixed and removable prosthodontics, pediatric dentistry, and periodontics. Results indicate insufficient opportunities for students to define desired outcomes and…

  3. Community College Faculty Recruitment Practices: The Effects of Applicant Gender, Instructional Programs, and Job Attributes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winter, Paul A.

    1998-01-01

    Describes a study that applied marketing and advertising theory to recruit community-college business faculty. The reactions of male and female target applicants to recruitment advertisements and job descriptions were assessed, with differences found between the two groups. Discusses results, and implications for practice, theory and research. (36…

  4. 48 CFR 252.247-7028 - Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... named in the contract schedule; or (2) Contract administration office. (b) If an automated system is... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Application for U.S... Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND...

  5. 48 CFR 252.247-7028 - Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... named in the contract schedule; or (2) Contract administration office. (b) If an automated system is... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Application for U.S... Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND...

  6. Instructional Applications of Internet Technology: Teacher Training in the Language and Literacy MOO.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCallum, Richard D.; McGrath, Owen G.; Rusch, Jeffrey B.

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes an application of MOOs (meeting places for role-playing on the Internet) in the Advanced Reading and Language Literacy Program (ARLLP) at the University of California, Berkeley, and considers how the project has changed thinking about technology and its role in teacher education programs. The paper describes an ongoing pilot…

  7. Artificial Intelligence and Computer Assisted Instruction. CITE Report No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsom-Cook, Mark

    The purpose of the paper is to outline some of the major ways in which artificial intelligence research and techniques can affect usage of computers in an educational environment. The role of artificial intelligence is defined, and the difference between Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) and Intelligent Computer Aided Instruction (ICAI) is…

  8. Instructional System Development (ISD) in the Armed Services: Methodology and Application. Final Report, August 25, 1977 through March 19, 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vineberg, Robert; Joyner, John N.

    Instructional System Development (ISD) methodologies and practices were examined in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, each of which prescribes the ISD system involving rigorous derivation of training requirements from job requirements, selection of instructional strategies to maximize training efficiency, and revision of instruction…

  9. Applications of Simulator Freeze to Carrier Guideslope Tracking Instruction. Cooperative Study Series. Final Report, May 1, 1980-August 31, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, R. G.; And Others

    Twenty-five experienced F-4 and F-16 Air Force pilots were instructed in carrier landings in the Visual Technology Research Simulator (VTRS). The training was conducted under three instructional conditions, two of which employed the simulator's "freeze" feature. Additionally, two methods of defining errors for carrier glideslope tracking were…

  10. Develop and Demonstrate the Use of Integrated Instructional Delivery Systems for Application in Technical/Vocational Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Antonio State Hospital, TX. Office of Education Services.

    This report presents a discussion of important issues surrounding the use of interactive instructional technology by vocational educators. It considers interactive instructional television system components with special attention to system interface considerations, software considerations, and design and development of interactive instructional…

  11. Application of computer-aided evaluation for holography and similar techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinbichler, H.; Engelsberger, J.; Sixt, W.; Sun, J.; Franz, Th.

    An account is given of the prospective use of the computer-based evaluation of holographic interferometry-derived fringes and moire patterns for vibration analysis, NDT, and the measurement of contours. The vibration analysis can be conducted on dynamically stressed structural components during operation, even in the case of rotating components; NDT conducted by the present means could be applicable to such composites as GFRP and CFRP, in structural applications as complex as honeycomb-core sandwich panels. Also noted is the somewhat different evaluation technique applicable to droplet analysis, in which the three-dimensional image stored in the hologram is automatically evaluated for the investigation of injection sprays.

  12. Performance evaluation of a W-band monopulse radar in rotorcraft brownout landing aid application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Guoqing; Yang, Ken; Sykora, Brian; Salha, Imad

    2009-05-01

    BAE Systems recently developed a rotorcraft brownout landing aid system technology (BLAST) to satisfy the urgent need for brownout landing capability. BLAST uses a W-band monopulse (MP) radar in conjunction with radar signal processing and synthetic display techniques to paint a three-dimensional (3-D) perspective of the landing zone (LZ) in real time. Innovative radar signal processing techniques are developed to process the radar data and generate target data vectors for 3-D image synthesis and display. Field tests are conducted to characterize the performance of BLAST with MP and non-MP (only using the sum channel of the MP radar) modes in clear and brownout conditions. Data processing and analysis are performed to evaluate the system's performance in terms of visual effect, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), target height estimation, ground-mapping effect, and false alarm rate. Both MP and non-MP modes reveal abilities to sufficiently display the 3-D volume of the LZ; the former shows advantage over the latter in providing accurate ground mapping and object height determination.

  13. The servicing aid tool: A teleoperated robotics system for space applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorman, Keith W.; Pullen, John L.; Keksz, William O.; Eismann, Paul H.; Kowalski, Keith A.; Karlen, James P.

    1994-01-01

    The Servicing Aid Tool (SAT) is a teleoperated, force-reflecting manipulation system designed for use on the Space Shuttle. The system will assist Extravehicular Activity (EVA) servicing of spacecraft such as the Hubble Space Telescope. The SAT stands out from other robotics development programs in that special attention was given to provide a low-cost, space-qualified design which can easily and inexpensively be reconfigured and/or enhanced through the addition of existing NASA funded technology as that technology matures. SAT components are spaceflight adaptations of existing ground-based designs from Robotics Research Corporation (RRC), the leading supplier of robotics systems to the NASA and university research community in the United States. Fairchild Space is the prime contractor and provides the control electronics, safety system, system integration, and qualification testing. The manipulator consists of a 6-DOF Slave Arm mounted on a 1-DOF Positioning Link in the shuttle payload bay. The Slave Arm is controlled via a highly similar, 6-DOF, force-reflecting Master Arm from Schilling Development, Inc. This work is being performed under contract to the Goddard Space Flight Center Code, Code 442, Hubble Space Telescope Flight Systems and Servicing Project.

  14. A neural network application to search and rescue satellite aided tracking (SARSAT)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Ivan W.; Vigneault, Michel O.

    1992-04-01

    The Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) system uses polar orbiting satellites to monitor the earth's surface for emergency locator transmitters (ELT's). A detected ELT signal is retransmitted to ground facilities for processing. The ELT location is determined by fitting a Doppler curve to the signal, and this location estimate is then sent for transmission to a rescue unit for action. The heuristic based approach to predict the location accuracy category of SARSAT hits based on the parameters of the Doppler curve fit work reasonably well but are far from ideal. They consistently have difficulty identifying very good solutions when they occur and very poor solutions when they occur. Normal data fitting techniques based on multiple linear regression do not work well because SARSAT data are inherently nonlinear. Neural networks were thus applied to SARSAT data as a nonlinear data fitting technique. A neural network program was trained on a sample of 173 observations and tested on a sample of 172 observations. Results are compared to the current method. Although the results so far have been promising, they are still far from ideal. Other artificial intelligence technologies such as fuzzy logic, expert systems, and inductive learning are being investigated to enhance the neural network approach.

  15. Development of dynamical downscaling for regional climate modeling and decision aid applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darmenova, K.; Higgins, G.; Alliss, R.; Kiley, H.; Apling, D.

    2009-12-01

    Current General Circulation Models (GCMs) provide a valuable estimate of both natural and anthropogenic climate changes and variability on global scales. At the same time, future climate projections calculated with GCMs are not of sufficient spatial resolution to address regional needs. There is a growing interest from various industry sectors such as health, energy, agriculture, transportation and water planning in incorporating climate change into their strategic and development plans. To address current deficiencies in local planning and decision making with respect to regional climate change, our research is focused on developing a dynamical downscaling capability with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and developing decision aids that translate the regional climate data into actionable information for users. Our methodology involves detailed analysis of ensemble runs performed with the WRF model initialized with the NCEP-NCAR reanalysis data and the ECHAM5 GCM. The WRF model is also run with different physical schemes and spatial resolutions, and compared with ground-based observations to delineate the uncertainties associated with the use of different initial conditions, grid sizes and physical parameterizations.

  16. USING PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NORTON, ROBERT E.

    ALTHOUGH THIS REPORT ON THE STATUS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION AND THE POTENTIAL IT HOLDS FOR SCHOOLS EMPHASIZES THE APPLICATIONS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION, MUCH OF WHAT IS SAID IS ALSO APPLICABLE TO GENERAL EDUCATION. AN EXAMPLE OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, AN OVERVIEW OF SUPPORTING PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES, RESEARCH FINDINGS,…

  17. Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

  18. Controlled Evaluation of Videotaped Interviewing for Instruction of Pharmacy Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    And Others; Love, David W.

    1979-01-01

    Reported is a project that sought to evaluate the effect of videotaped practice instruction upon the ability of pharmacy students to interview patients and evaluate their drug use. Instructional objectives and a list of five audiovisual aids in the instruction of interviewing skills are appended. (JMD)

  19. Computer-Aided Instruction for Administrative Forms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhaskar, K.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Describes a CAI program introduced for training clerical staff at the University of Nebraska. Explains this new method of training and identifies its advantages over the old method. Cites a lesson designed for administrative forms as an example. (GA)

  20. Personal Finances Instructional Aids. Teacher Reference Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Internal Training Services, Media, PA.

    This manual consists of reproducible forms that were collected or developed to represent the vast assortment of forms that may be encountered in the transaction of one's personal finances and related affairs. The items represent typical forms encountered by a resident of Pennsylvania, based on a review of forms collected throughout the…

  1. Instructional Aids for Adaptive Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowart, James F.

    This idea book on remedial physical education is divided into four sections. Each section contains drawings and brief explanations on ways to adapt physical education for the physically handicapped. The first section covers homemade equipment for developing muscular strength and endurance in specific muscles. Also included are resistive exercises…

  2. Computer-Aided Instruction in Automated Instrumentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, David T.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses functions of automated instrumentation systems, i.e., systems which combine electrical measuring instruments and a controlling computer to measure responses of a unit under test. The computer-assisted tutorial then described is programmed for use on such a system--a modern microwave spectrum analyzer--to introduce engineering students to…

  3. Computer-Aided Instruction in Israel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Dan

    1986-01-01

    All 600 high schools and about one-third of the 1,600 elementary schools in Israel are now using computers. Most installations use one of four highly developed courseware systems. Experiences with these systems (Mashow, Semel, Toam 2, and Tapauch) are described. (JN)

  4. Intelligent computer-aided instruction in statics

    SciTech Connect

    Richardson, R.C.

    1986-01-01

    An expert system was developed to model the problem solving knowledge of Dr. J.L. Meriam from his text Engineering Mechanics Volume I, Statics. The rules of heuristics for solving two-dimensional truss problems were then implemented in the MRS language. The expert system was then validated by solving problems from the text in the same manner as Meriam. Linked to the expert system were three learning-style modules. The learning styles modeled in this study were drill-and-practice, learning-by-example, and a new style called buddy-study. The buddy-state learning style represents an implementation of the Whimbley-pairs technique for computer-based learning. The learning system comprising the expert system, learning-style modules, and associated support programs were then tested for correctness and completeness. Results of the expert system validation demonstrated a system capable of solving problems within the domain as Meriam did. The learning-style module testing showed procedures commensurate with accepted classroom uses of the styles. The buddy-study method demonstrated a computer-learning strategy that places the expert system and the student user as colleagues in a problem-solving environment.

  5. Column experiment on activation aids and biosurfactant application to the persulphate treatment of chlorophene-contaminated soil.

    PubMed

    Bolobajev, J; Öncü, N Bilgin; Viisimaa, M; Trapido, M; Balcıoğlu, I; Goi, A

    2015-01-01

    An innovative strategy integrating the use of biosurfactant (BS) and persulphate activated by chelated iron for the decontamination of soil from an emerging pollutant chlorophene was studied in laboratory down-flow columns along with other persulphate activation aids including combined application of persulphate and hydrogen peroxide, and persulphate activation with sodium hydroxide. Although BS addition improved chlorophene removal by the persulphate treatment, the addition of chelated iron did not have a significant influence. Combined application of persulphate with hydrogen peroxide resulted in a significant (p≤.05) overall improvement of chlorophene removal compared with treatment with persulphate only. The highest removal rate (71%) of chlorophene was achieved with the base-activated persulphate, but only in the upper part (of 0.0-3.5 cm in depth) of the column. The chemicals at the applied dosages did not substantially influence the Daphnia magna toxicity of the effluent. Dehydrogenase activity (DHA) measurements indicated no substantial changes in the microbial activity during the persulphate treatment. The highest oxygen consumption and a slight increase in DHA were observed with the BS addition. The combined application of persulphate and BS at natural soil pH is a promising method for chlorophene-contaminated soil remediation. Hydroquinone was identified among the by-products of chlorophene degradation. PMID:25514136

  6. Technical Aids to Teaching in Higher Education. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Colin Flood; Kitching, John

    Third in a series on teaching methods in higher education, this updated volume reviews and evaluates research on audiovisual aids and related instructional hardware. While the emphasis is on the effectiveness of technical aids in higher education as instructional tools, some information on technical and administrative problems is also provided.…

  7. Management zone delineation techniques to aid in-season sensor based nitrogen application

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The increased efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer (N) use has been a long-term goal in reduction of nitrate contamination in the state of Nebraska. Preliminary research has shown sensor based in-season application of nitrogen has the ability to be economic and environmentally viable. Although benefi...

  8. Hearing Aids

    MedlinePlus

    ... more in both quiet and noisy situations. Hearing aids help people who have hearing loss from damage ... your doctor. There are different kinds of hearing aids. They differ by size, their placement on or ...

  9. AIDS (image)

    MedlinePlus

    AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), and is a syndrome that ... life-threatening illnesses. There is no cure for AIDS, but treatment with antiviral medication can suppress symptoms. ...

  10. Computer-Aided Drug Design (CADD): Methodological Aspects and Practical Applications in Cancer Research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gianti, Eleonora

    Computer-Aided Drug Design (CADD) has deservedly gained increasing popularity in modern drug discovery (Schneider, G.; Fechner, U. 2005), whether applied to academic basic research or the pharmaceutical industry pipeline. In this work, after reviewing theoretical advancements in CADD, we integrated novel and stateof- the-art methods to assist in the design of small-molecule inhibitors of current cancer drug targets, specifically: Androgen Receptor (AR), a nuclear hormone receptor required for carcinogenesis of Prostate Cancer (PCa); Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 5 (STAT5), implicated in PCa progression; and Epstein-Barr Nuclear Antigen-1 (EBNA1), essential to the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) during latent infections. Androgen Receptor. With the aim of generating binding mode hypotheses for a class (Handratta, V.D. et al. 2005) of dual AR/CYP17 inhibitors (CYP17 is a key enzyme for androgens biosynthesis and therefore implicated in PCa development), we successfully implemented a receptor-based computational strategy based on flexible receptor docking (Gianti, E.; Zauhar, R.J. 2012). Then, with the ultimate goal of identifying novel AR binders, we performed Virtual Screening (VS) by Fragment-Based Shape Signatures, an improved version of the original method developed in our Laboratory (Zauhar, R.J. et al. 2003), and we used the results to fully assess the high-level performance of this innovative tool in computational chemistry. STAT5. The SRC Homology 2 (SH2) domain of STAT5 is responsible for phospho-peptide recognition and activation. As a keystone of Structure-Based Drug Design (SBDD), we characterized key residues responsible for binding. We also generated a model of STAT5 receptor bound to a phospho-peptide ligand, which was validated by docking publicly known STAT5 inhibitors. Then, we performed Shape Signatures- and docking-based VS of the ZINC database (zinc.docking.org), followed by Molecular Mechanics Generalized Born Surface Area (MMGBSA

  11. Hearing Aids

    MedlinePlus

    ... type and degree of loss. Are there different styles of hearing aids? Styles of hearing aids Source: NIH/NIDCD Behind-the- ... the ear canal and are available in two styles. The in-the-canal (ITC) hearing aid is ...

  12. Certified Nurses' Aide Job-Related Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

    This document, which is designed for students preparing to become a certified nurses' aide, contains instructional text and learning activities organized in nine sections. The following topics are covered: the role of the certified nurse's aide (job duties, personal health, professionalism, code of ethics); infection control (the infection…

  13. Low cost training aids and devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lawver, J.; Lee, A.

    1984-01-01

    The need for advanced flight simulators for two engine aircraft is discussed. Cost effectiveness is a major requirement. Other training aids available for increased effectiveness are recommended. Training aids include: (1) audio-visual slides; (2) information transfer; (3) programmed instruction; and (4) interactive training systems.

  14. A Guide for Preparing the Application for Program Approval for Certification of Nursing Assistants for Long Term Care Agencies and Home Health Aides in Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaincott, Helen K.

    The purpose of this guide is to assist health care agencies and educational institutions to prepare an application for approval by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania Department of Health to train nursing aides for long-term care and home health agencies. Types of materials provided include definitions, a sample…

  15. Artificial Intelligence: An Analysis of Potential Applications to Training, Performance Measurement, and Job Performance Aiding. Interim Report for Period September 1982-July 1983.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, J. Jeffrey

    This paper is part of an Air Force planning effort to develop a research, development, and applications program for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in three target areas: training, performance measurement, and job performance aiding. The paper is organized in five sections that (1) introduce the reader to AI and those subfields…

  16. The role and application of data base management in integrated computer-aided design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blackburn, C. L.; Storaasli, O. O.; Fulton, R. E.

    1982-01-01

    The need to marshal the extensive data that figure in design problems is underlined. An approach to managing engineering data for use in a computerized integrated design system is described. The approach is embodied in an experimental integrated software system that is used to demonstrate and evaluate such data management functions as storage, retrieval, query, manipulation, and modification. The development and organization of the experimental integrated design system and the application of the system to selected test problems are discussed, together with insights into data management issues gained from the study.

  17. Peer Instruction for Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, Paul

    Peer Instruction for Astronomy is an instructor's guide to an exciting and easily-implemented enhancement for lecture classes in introductory astronomy. Application of this powerful and efficient teaching technique requires that the instructor have on hand a large number of thought-provoking, conceptual short answer questions aimed at a variety of levels. While significant numbers of such questions have been published for use in Physics, Peer Instruction for Astronomy provides the first such compilation for Astronomy, and includes hints on use of the technique and applications of the method. KEY TOPICS: Covers peer instruction, incentives, a large database of conceptual questions for use in class, and a list of readings and resources. MARKET: Ideal for introductory astronomy instructors at the undergraduate or advanced high school level.

  18. Kinesthetic aided spacecraft rendenvous: an application of object-resolved telerobotics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spenny, Curtis H.; Schneider, Dean; Woznick, Paul; Parmley, S.

    1995-12-01

    A concept referred to as object-resolved telerobotics (ORT) is introduced in this paper in which the human interface to the master is a hand-held proxy for the object to be manipulated. Twist or wrench application to the master by the operator becomes a twist or wrench command to the object. The advantages of ORT are: (1) projected improvement in operator performance resulting from direct command of the object, (2) reduced amount of information that must be transmitted to and from the remote site and (3) opportunity to apply novel forms of shared control and kinesthetic feedback and to use simpler force reflecting masters. The concept has broad application in human supervision of any semi-autonomous system. In this paper, its use is demonstrated in producing cross-axis kinesthetic feedback to an astronaut or ground controller to accomplish spacecraft (s/c) rendezvous, a task that normally is performed with only visual feedback. In cross-axis kinesthetic feedback, the s/c attitude and lateral misalignment are kinesthetically sensed by the operator as a reduction in the programmed velocity in the nominal approach direction. The influence which misalignment has on the programmed velocity is increased as the closing distance is decreased to safely `funnel' the s/c into docking position. The master required to accomplish this has mixed unilateral/bilateral functionality that is demonstrated using a laboratory prototype in conjunction with a computer simulation of s/c rendezvous.

  19. Cognitive Approaches to Automated Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regian, J. Wesley, Ed.; Shute, Valerie J., Ed.

    This book contains a snapshot of state-of-the-art research on the design of automated instructional systems. Selected cognitive psychologists were asked to describe their approach to instruction and cognitive diagnosis, the theoretical basis of the approach, its utility and applicability, and the knowledge engineering or task analysis methods…

  20. Planning Guide for Instructional Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    League for Innovation in the Community Coll., Laguna Hills, CA.

    Designed to assist academic administrators at community colleges in developing strategies for the application of computers to teaching and learning, this guide provides background information and recommendations for the design and implementation of an instructional computing plan. Chapter 1 examines computers as a topic of instruction, as a medium…

  1. Instructional Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linder, Harris J., Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews eight 16mm films or topics including animal behavior, medicine, and astronomy. Provides film running time, cost, and supplier address. Article includes reviews of instructional modules and brief descriptions of some additional films. (MA)

  2. Instructional Diversity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samples, Bob

    2000-01-01

    Explains how learning occurs in the brain, specifically in the limbic system. Compares traditional teaching methods and diverse learning modes. Describes the characteristics of diverse instructional approaches. First published in 1994. (YDS)

  3. Utilization of a low cost agro-residue for production of coagulant aids and their applications.

    PubMed

    Abo-el-Enein, S A; Eissa, M A; Diafullah, A A; Rizk, M A; Mohamed, F M

    2011-02-28

    Different samples of rice husk ash (RHA) and sodium silicate were prepared and characterized using FTIR, NFTIR and XRD. The selected sample of RHA was obtained by calcination of untreated rice husk (RH) in a semi-closed system at 650°C. Four novel polyinorganic coagulants were also prepared, namely, poly aluminum chloride silicate, poly hydroxy aluminum sulphate silicate, poly ferric chloride silicate and poly ferric aluminum chloride silicate. Applications were carried out for the removal of some pollutants from ground, sewage and industrial waste waters. It was found that the maximum percentages removal of Fe(2+) and Mn(2+) ions in ground water reached 99 and 97%, respectively, the maximum percentage removal of, Pb(2+) ion in industrial waste water reached 97%. In addition, the maximum percentages removal of COD, BOD and TSS in sewage waste water reached 90, 92, and 93%, respectively. PMID:21236574

  4. Application Of Computer-Aided Evaluation For Holographic Vibration Analysis And Optical Contouring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinbichler, H.

    1989-01-01

    Holographic interferometry is applied sucessfully in vibration analysis. As the resulting characteristic fringe pattern, the interferograms, are so complicated and can only be evaluated by an expert eye, there is a clear desire for automated evaluation and a lucidly arranged exposition. Therefore, the problem in image processing in interferometry lies in automatically recognizing and evaluating lines, as well as in differentiating the lines from object contours, shadows, etc. This kind of image processing then also makes it possible to evaluate other, non-holographic line systems. The application is not only limited to the automatic evaluation of holographic interferograms, but also in the optical measuring of the form any kind of objects using contour lines projected onto them, in the evaluation of speckle and photoelasticitic diagrams and Moire diagrams.

  5. Progress in press forming computer aided analysis for high strength steel sheet applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiramoto, Jiro; Urabe, Masaki; Ishiwatari, Akinobu; Urabe, Toshiaki

    2013-12-01

    The development of press-forming analysis technologies is important to expand the application of high strength steel sheets to automotive body structures. In general, there are various problems in the forming process of high strength steel sheets. In this study the improvements in the prediction accuracy of stretch-flange-fracture and springback were especially focused. In terms of the prediction accuracy of stretch-flange-fracture, a new stretch-flange-fracture prediction technology was developed based on a maximum principal strain gradient. It enables the accurate prediction of stretch- flange-fracture in press-forming of practical parts. On the other hand, springback prediction technologies were developed to solve springback problems. It is very important to clarify the root cause of springback in order to control. Therefore, a new method of springback factor analysis was developed, which can extract the areas and residual stresses which have major impacts on springback at press-forming.

  6. Improving Instruction through PET.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Pamela Roland

    1982-01-01

    Outlines the content and training methods used in the Program for Effective Teaching (PET), the successful staff development program of Newport News (Virginia). PET promotes application of five instructional skills: selecting learning objectives, teaching to the objectives, establishing learner focus, monitoring learner progress, and enhancing…

  7. Television in Education and Training; A Review of Developments and Applications of Television and Other Modern Audio-Visual Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Korte, D. A.

    Although television and other audiovisual aids have proven to be valuable educational tools when intelligently employed, teachers in many countries fail to understand the usefulness of these aids. A review of developments in the U.S., France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Great Britain shows that many successful courses have been given on both…

  8. Objective analysis of ambisonics for hearing aid applications: Effect of listener's head, room reverberation, and directional microphones.

    PubMed

    Oreinos, Chris; Buchholz, Jörg M

    2015-06-01

    Recently, an increased interest has been demonstrated in evaluating hearing aids (HAs) inside controlled, but at the same time, realistic sound environments. A promising candidate that employs loudspeakers for realizing such sound environments is the listener-centered method of higher-order ambisonics (HOA). Although the accuracy of HOA has been widely studied, it remains unclear to what extent the results can be generalized when (1) a listener wearing HAs that may feature multi-microphone directional algorithms is considered inside the reconstructed sound field and (2) reverberant scenes are recorded and reconstructed. For the purpose of objectively validating HOA for listening tests involving HAs, a framework was developed to simulate the entire path of sounds presented in a modeled room, recorded by a HOA microphone array, decoded to a loudspeaker array, and finally received at the ears and HA microphones of a dummy listener fitted with HAs. Reproduction errors at the ear signals and at the output of a cardioid HA microphone were analyzed for different anechoic and reverberant scenes. It was found that the diffuse reverberation reduces the considered time-averaged HOA reconstruction errors which, depending on the considered application, suggests that reverberation can increase the usable frequency range of a HOA system. PMID:26093433

  9. Designing Effective Instruction. 5th Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Gary R.; Ross, Steven M.; Kemp, Jerrold E.

    2006-01-01

    This valuable resource provides instructional designers with the guidance they need to meet the challenge of creating effective and efficient instruction. Maintaining a careful balance between theory and application, the Fifth Edition presents a practical, easy-to-follow approach to instructional design that can be applied to K-12 classrooms,…

  10. Knowledge Management Tolls for Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, J. Michael

    2002-01-01

    Discusses knowledge management systems (KMS) and their application to instructional design. Highlights include a history of computing and instructional systems; computer-supported collaborative work environments; object-oriented systems; reusability; a conceptual framework for distributed instructional design; and examples of support tools.…

  11. A Self-Fitting Hearing Aid

    PubMed Central

    Keidser, Gitte; Dillon, Harvey; Hartley, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    The need for reliable access to hearing health care services is growing globally, particularly in developing countries and in remotely located, underserved regions in many parts of the developed world. Individuals with hearing loss in these areas are at a significant disadvantage due to the scarcity of local hearing health care professionals and the high cost of hearing aids. Current approaches to making hearing rehabilitation services more readily available to underserved populations include teleaudiology and the provision of amplification devices outside of the traditional provider-client relationship. Both strategies require access to such resources as dedicated equipment and/or specially trained staff. Another possible strategy is a self-fitting hearing aid, a personal amplification device that is equipped with an onboard tone generator to enable user-controlled, automated, in situ audiometry; an onboard prescription to determine the initial hearing aid settings; and a trainable algorithm to enable user-controlled fine-tuning. The device is thus assembled, fitted, and managed by the user without the need for audiological or computer support. This article details the self-fitting concept and its potential application in both developing and developed countries. Potential advantages and disadvantages of such a device are discussed, and considerations for further investigations into the concept are presented. Overall, the concept is considered technologically viable with the main challenges anticipated to be development of clear, simple user instructions and a delivery model that ensures reliable supplies of instant-fit ear tips and batteries. PMID:22143873

  12. Determining the turnover time of groundwater systems with the aid of environmental tracers. 1. Models and their applicability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Małoszewski, P.; Zuber, A.

    1982-06-01

    Three new lumped-parameter models have been developed for the interpretation of environmental radioisotope data in groundwater systems. Two of these models combine other simpler models, i.e. the piston flow model is combined either with the exponential model (exponential distribution of transit times) or with the linear model (linear distribution of transit times). The third model is based on a new solution to the dispersion equation which more adequately represents the real systems than the conventional solution generally applied so far. The applicability of models was tested by the reinterpretation of several known case studies (Modry Dul, Cheju Island, Rasche Spring and Grafendorf). It has been shown that two of these models, i.e. the exponential-piston flow model and the dispersive model give better fitting than other simpler models. Thus, the obtained values of turnover times are more reliable, whereas the additional fitting parameter gives some information about the structure of the system. In the examples considered, in spite of a lower number of fitting parameters, the new models gave practically the same fitting as the multiparameter finite state mixing-cell models. It has been shown that in the case of a constant tracer input a prior physical knowledge of the groundwater system is indispensable for determining the turnover time. The piston flow model commonly used for age determinations by the 14C method is an approximation applicable only in the cases of low dispersion. In some cases the stable-isotope method aids in the interpretation of systems containing mixed waters of different ages. However, when 14C method is used for mixed-water systems a serious mistake may arise by neglecting the different bicarbonate contents in particular water components.

  13. Plasma-aided manufacturing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shohet, J. L.

    1993-12-01

    Plasma-aided manufacturing is used for producing new materials with unusual and superior properties, for developing new chemical compounds and processes, for machining, and for altering and refining materials and surfaces. Plasma-aided manufacturing has direct applications to semiconductor fabrication, materials synthesis, welding, lighting, polymers, anti-corrosion coatings, machine tools, metallurgy, electrical and electronics devices, hazardous waste removal, high performance ceramics, and many other items in both the high-technology and the more traditional industries in the United States.

  14. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Reduction Act Notice This report is required by law (12 U.S.C. 2801-2810 and 12 CFR 203). An agency may not... it displays a valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. See 12 CFR 203.1(a) for the... Control Number, as found in 12 CFR 203.1(a), when submitting comments to OMB. I. Instructions...

  15. The Development and Evaluation of a Computer-Assisted Instructional Program Involving Applications of Selected Chemical Principles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasater, Mary Elizabeth Baxter

    The principal reason for this study was to apply a particular instructional design procedure and to evaluate the resulting materials. The development utilized a systems approach and included: (1) specification of the terminal behavior and of the entering skills, (2) description of intermediate objectives and arrangement of same into a learning…

  16. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Reduction Act Notice This report is required by law (12 U.S.C. 2801-2810 and 12 CFR 203). An agency may not... it displays a valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. See 12 CFR 203.1(a) for the... Control Number, as found in 12 CFR 203.1(a), when submitting comments to OMB. I. Instructions...

  17. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Reduction Act Notice This report is required by law (12 U.S.C. 2801-2810 and 12 CFR 203). An agency may not... it displays a valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. See 12 CFR 203.1(a) for the... Control Number, as found in 12 CFR 203.1(a), when submitting comments to OMB. I. Instructions...

  18. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 203 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Reduction Act Notice This report is required by law (12 U.S.C. 2801-2810 and 12 CFR 203). An agency may not... it displays a valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. See 12 CFR 203.1(a) for the... Control Number, as found in 12 CFR 203.1(a), when submitting comments to OMB. I. Instructions...

  19. Documentation--A Computerized Instructional Resource Management System. The Illinois Series on Educational Application of Computers, No. 26e.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockard, Henry; Cox, John

    This paper, which describes a computerized appointment scheduling system for individualized instruction from the point of view of the teachers and students who will use it, also includes more technical data for those readers who are familiar with the BASIC language. A guide to the logic, possible modifications, and a program listing are included,…

  20. Evaluations that Respond: Prescription, Application, and Implications of Responsive Evaluation Theory for Community College Instructional Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durdella, Nathan R.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines two community college instructional support programs to explore the effectiveness of an evaluation model--responsive evaluation theory--that may ease the tensions between a concern over programs' processes and reporting requirements for program outcomes. The study uses a comparative qualitative case study design and applies…

  1. First aid advisor

    SciTech Connect

    Saffer, S.I.; Weng, Wen-Chang

    1996-12-31

    A knowledge-based system (KBS), First Aid Advisor (FAA), is developed to provide a guidance for either a trained or untrained person to take some emergent actions to rescue the victim from life-threatening hazard or to prevent from causing serious problem before the Emergency Medical Service System (EMS) personnels arrive the scene. The First Aid Advisor will collect victim`s information by interacting with the user through a sequence of questions, analyze the victim`s problem, and give instructions step by step before offering a final advice. Since all the possible conditions are taken into consideration, it will guide the user to perform first aid from the most to the least urgent step for the victim. Furthermore, it will offer a suitable first aid advice for victim and eliminate the possibility of wrong actions done by trained person due to carelessness or nervousness. Offering advice to handle problems involving life-threatening conditions is the main objective of this system. In this paper, we will describe six major components of FAA and their respective tasks. Decision tables and dependency diagrams used in FAA implementation will also be described. System performance issues will conclude the paper.

  2. Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Mary A.

    This workbook assists college and vocational school bound American Indian students in determining their financial needs and in locating sources of financial aid. A checklist helps students assess the state of their knowledge of financial programs; a glossary defines terms pertinent to the realm of financial aid (i.e., graduate study programs,…

  3. AIDS prevention program for Puerto Rican women.

    PubMed

    Castro de Alvarez, V

    1990-04-01

    Historically women are considered the family's primary care provider and biologically, they are the link in the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Because of this dual role, they need programs that are culturally sensitive and effective. Many Latinas do not perceive themselves to be at risk despite the educational resources available to them. This article examines cultural factors that influence risk perception and behavioral changes in response to educational intervention. Interviews and literature review were used in assessing availability, applicability and cultural sensitivity of AIDS prevention programs. Effective programs need to be culturally sensitive to gender role expectation and the role of motherhood for Latinas. Educators expressed the belief that women benefit most from programs that help them implement the behaviors that will help protect them. Programs must be cognizant of the cultures' demand for respect and modesty while providing factual information/instruction. PMID:2270255

  4. PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KINGSTON, ALBERT J.; WASH, JAMES A.

    THE SOURCES OF CONFUSION INVOLVED IN INITIATING PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN THE CLASSROOM ARE LISTED--(1) SPECIALIZED VOCABULARY DEALING WITH THE FIELD, (2) TYPES OF MACHINERY WITH RANGE FROM THE HIGHLY COMPLEX TO THE VERY SIMPLE, AND (3) DIFFERENT MODES OF PROGRAMING. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF TRUE PROGRAMED FORMATS ARE GIVEN--(1) THE MATERIALS ARE…

  5. Understanding Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, Val

    This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

  6. Fast software-based volume rendering using multimedia instructions on PC platforms and its application to virtual endoscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Kensaku; Suenaga, Yasuhito; Toriwaki, Jun-ichiro

    2003-05-01

    This paper describes a software-based fast volume rendering (VolR) method on a PC platform by using multimedia instructions, such as SIMD instructions, which are currently available in PCs' CPUs. This method achieves fast rendering speed through highly optimizing software rather than an improved rendering algorithm. In volume rendering using a ray casting method, the system requires fast execution of the following processes: (a) interpolation of voxel or color values at sample points, (b) computation of normal vectors (gray-level gradient vectors), (c) calculation of shaded values obtained by dot-products of normal vectors and light source direction vectors, (d) memory access to a huge area, and (e) efficient ray skipping at translucent regions. The proposed software implements these fundamental processes in volume rending by using special instruction sets for multimedia processing. The proposed software can generate virtual endoscopic images of a 3-D volume of 512x512x489 voxel size by volume rendering with perspective projection, specular reflection, and on-the-fly normal vector computation on a conventional PC without any special hardware at thirteen frames per second. Semi-translucent display is also possible.

  7. Modifying ADDIE: Incorporating New Technologies in Library Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Paul Clayton

    2014-01-01

    There are many instructional design theories to assist librarians in creating effective instructional modules for student learning. ADDIE is a generic instructional design model that has been in existence for more than 30 years and is known for its flexibility in application (Molenda, 2003). Using instructional design theories such as ADDIE helps…

  8. Hearing Aid

    MedlinePlus

    ... and Food and Drug Administration Staff FDA permits marketing of new laser-based hearing aid with potential ... feeds Follow FDA on Twitter Follow FDA on Facebook View FDA videos on YouTube View FDA photos ...

  9. Teaching Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, W. Robert, Ed.

    1976-01-01

    Provides evaluations of several aids for teaching chemistry. Included are The Use of Chemical Abstracts, Practical Technical Writing, Infrared Spectroscopy Programs, and a film titled "You Can't Go Back." (RH)

  10. Teaching Techniques: A Comparison of the Effect of Two- and Three-Dimensional Visual Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Saul; Ganz, Scott D.

    1982-01-01

    Use of diagrams and three-dimensional aids in teaching laboratory techniques of tooth reduction was evaluated. The visual aids were found to be useful, but little difference was found in the effectiveness of two- and three-dimensional aids, possibly because two-dimensional aids provided step-by-step instructions while three-dimensional models did…

  11. Rehabilitation Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Educational Media and Materials for the Handicapped, Columbus, OH.

    Selected from the National Instructional Materials Information System (NIMIS)--a computer based on-line interactive retrieval system on special education materials--the bibliography covers 40 equipment items for rehabilitation and physical therapy programs for all levels of handicapped children. Described are such items as a handygym, a suspension…

  12. EXTENSION OF COMPUTER-AIDED PROCESS ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The potential of computer-aided process engineering (CAPE) tools to enable process engineers to improve the environmental performance of both their processes and across the life cycle (from cradle-to-grave) has long been proffered. However, this use of CAPE has not been fully ach...

  13. APPLICATION OF 3D COMPUTER-AIDED TOMOGRAPHY TO THE QUANTIFICATION OF MARINE SEDIMENT COMMUNITIES IN POLLUTION GRADIENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Computer-Aided Tomography (CT) has been demonstrated to be a cost efficient tool for the qualitative and quantitative study of estuarine benthic communities along pollution gradients.
    Now we have advanced this technology to successfully visualize and discriminate three dimen...

  14. A new application of spatiotemporal analysis for detecting demographic variations in AIDS mortality: an example from Florida.

    PubMed

    Chiu, Yu-Wen; Wang, Min-Qi; Chuang, Hung-Yi; Hsu, Chiehwen Ed; Nkhoma, Ella T

    2008-11-01

    The purpose of the present study was to characterize, geographically and temporally, the patterns of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) death disparity in 67 Florida jurisdictions, and to determine if the detected trends varied according to age, race, and sex. The space-time scan statistic proposed by Kulldorff et al was used to examine the excess AIDS deaths that occurred between 1987 and 2004. Results were geographically referenced in maps using EpiInfo and EpiMap made available by the Centers for Disease Control. Miami-Dade and the nearby counties including Broward, Martin, and Palm Beach are the most likely clusters (observed/expected: 1505.16) with temporal dimension (also called cluster's age) persisting from 1996 to the present. Union county had the longest cluster for the cluster period 1987-1998, but not for 1999-2004. African-Americans contributed to more clusters compared with whites. Time trends indicated that AIDS mortality peaked in 1995 and then sharply dropped until 1998, when the decrease stopped. By accounting for the temporal dimension of disease clustering, the present study revealed the persistence of geographic clusters, which is not often provided by other geographic detection methods. These findings may be informative for medical resource allocation and better focus public health intervention strategies for AIDS care. PMID:19239990

  15. Instructional Technology and Reading: Progress, Problems, and Promise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Nila Banton

    As the invention of the wheel played a large role in the technological advancement of transportation, so many new teaching devices have played an important role in the technological advancement of reading instruction. Though the spread of technology was initially slow, it now offers many instructional aids (e.g., tapes, records, television,…

  16. Pentagon. Civil Defense and Fire Instructions. Part 2: Shelter Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of the Army Headquarters Commandant, Washington, DC.

    This instructional guide to civil defense shelter management is given as an aid to shelter survival techniques rather than to shelter comfort. The basis, purposes, and organization of shelter administration are outlined, with instructions on--(1) shelter management, (2) shelter teams and functions, (3) supplies and locations, and (4) daily shelter…

  17. Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

    Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

  18. Design Considerations in Computer-Based Instructional Development Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, William E.

    Intended to provide a frame of reference for a symposium on automated aids to instructional design and development (ID), this paper accomplishes three tasks: (1) it outlines problems encountered in ID--e.g., complexity of curriculum planning and instruction development, quality maintenance in the ID process and products, and cost effectiveness--in…

  19. A Guide to Instructional Resources for Consumers' Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, William L.; Greenspan, Nancy B.

    This annotated bibliography lists 295 selected instructional references, resources, and teaching aids for consumer education. It includes a variety of both print and nonprint materials, such as films, filmstrips, multimedia kits, games and learning packages for classroom and group instruction, textbooks for all age levels, and references for both…

  20. Sustaining Innovation: Developing an Instructional Technology Assessment Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carmo, Monica Cristina

    2013-01-01

    This case study developed an instructional technology assessment process for the Gevirtz Graduate School of Education (GGSE). The theoretical framework of Adelman and Taylor (2001) guided the development of this instructional technology assessment process and the tools to aid in its facilitation. GGSE faculty, staff, and graduate students…

  1. Analyzing Automated Instructional Systems: Metaphors from Related Design Professions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonassen, David H.; Wilson, Brent G.

    Noting that automation has had an impact on virtually every manufacturing and information operation in the world, including instructional design (ID), this paper suggests three basic metaphors for automating instructional design activities: (1) computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems; (2) expert system advisor systems; and (3)…

  2. Computer Aided Art Major.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Jim

    The Computer Aided Art program offered at Northern State State University (Aberdeen, South Dakota), is coordinated with the traditional art major. The program is designed to familiarize students with a wide range of art-related computer hardware and software and their applications and to prepare students for problem-solving with unfamiliar…

  3. Instructional Developer as Content Specialist: Three Case Studies Utilizing the Instructional Development-Operations Research Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faust, Stephen M.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a 3-phase model (content research, specification, delivery) for instructional development-operations research and describes its application in developing courses in zoology, geology, and paleontology. (MER)

  4. Biotechnology: Applications in Agriculture. Instructor Guide [and] Student Reference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevils, Aaron

    This curriculum guide incorporates the needed components to aid agriculture teachers in the implementation of the Vocational Instructional Management System in biotechnology: applications in agriculture. The guide begins with a list of the competencies/objectives found in the six units; list of references and materials; list of materials and…

  5. Mental Health Computing in the 1980s: II. Clinical Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedlund, James L.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Presents the second of a two-part state-of-the-art review concerning current trends in mental health computing, with special clinical applications in automated psychological testing, computer interviews, computerized diagnosis, clinical consultation, computer-aided instruction, computerized treatment intervention, and user acceptance. (Author/ABB)

  6. NAVSIM 2: A computer program for simulating aided-inertial navigation for aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bjorkman, William S.

    1987-01-01

    NAVSIM II, a computer program for analytical simulation of aided-inertial navigation for aircraft, is described. The description is supported by a discussion of the program's application to the design and analysis of aided-inertial navigation systems as well as instructions for utilizing the program and for modifying it to accommodate new models, constraints, algorithms and scenarios. NAVSIM II simulates an airborne inertial navigation system built around a strapped-down inertial measurement unit and aided in its function by GPS, Doppler radar, altimeter, airspeed, and position-fix measurements. The measurements are incorporated into the navigation estimate via a UD-form Kalman filter. The simulation was designed and implemented using structured programming techniques and with particular attention to user-friendly operation.

  7. Computer aided production engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This book presents the following contents: CIM in avionics; computer analysis of product designs for robot assembly; a simulation decision mould for manpower forecast and its application; development of flexible manufacturing system; advances in microcomputer applications in CAD/CAM; an automated interface between CAD and process planning; CAM and computer vision; low friction pneumatic actuators for accurate robot control; robot assembly of printed circuit boards; information systems design for computer integrated manufacture; and a CAD engineering language to aid manufacture.

  8. Instructional Materials for Cosmetology and Barbering.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Olive P.

    The purpose of this paper is to aid curriculum development specialists, state leadership personnel, and local supervisors of trade and industry in evaluating curriculum and instructional materials development in cosmetology and barbering. Intended to help either the new or experienced teacher improve programs and identify useful instructional…

  9. Citizenship Instruction for Older and Challenged Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petherbridge-Hernandez, Patricia; O'Donnell, Kathleen P.

    The materials presented here are visual aids used in a presentation on citizenship instruction for older and physically challenged adults. They consist of a series of "screens" containing information on: demographic information on samples of citizenship students in 1995 and 1997, illustrating changes in the population; motivations of and barriers…

  10. Bayesian inference for a nonlinear mixed-effects Tobit model with multivariate skew-t distributions: application to AIDS studies

    PubMed Central

    Dagne, Getachew; Huang, Yangxin

    2016-01-01

    Censored data are characteristics of many bioassays in HIV/AIDS studies where assays may not be sensitive enough to determine gradations in viral load determination among those below a detectable threshold. Not accounting for such left-censoring appropriately can lead to biased parameter estimates in most data analysis. To properly adjust for left-censoring, this paper presents an extension of the Tobit model for fitting nonlinear dynamic mixed-effects models with skew distributions. Such extensions allow one to specify the conditional distributions for viral load response to account for left-censoring, skewness and heaviness in the tails of the distributions of the response variable. A Bayesian modeling approach via Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm is used to estimate model parameters. The proposed methods are illustrated using real data from an HIV/AIDS study. PMID:22992288

  11. An application of boundary element method calculations to hearing aid systems: The influence of the human head

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasmussen, Karsten B.; Juhl, Peter

    2001-05-01

    Boundary element method (BEM) calculations are used for the purpose of predicting the acoustic influence of the human head in two cases. In the first case the sound source is the mouth and in the second case the sound is plane waves arriving from different directions in the horizontal plane. In both cases the sound field is studied in relation to two positions above the right ear being representative of hearing aid microphone positions. Both cases are relevant for hearing aid development. The calculations are based upon a direct BEM implementation in Matlab. The meshing is based on the original geometrical data files describing the B&K Head and Torso Simulator 4128 combined with a 3D scan of the pinna.

  12. Bayesian inference for a nonlinear mixed-effects Tobit model with multivariate skew-t distributions: application to AIDS studies.

    PubMed

    Dagne, Getachew; Huang, Yangxin

    2012-01-01

    Censored data are characteristics of many bioassays in HIV/AIDS studies where assays may not be sensitive enough to determine gradations in viral load determination among those below a detectable threshold. Not accounting for such left-censoring appropriately can lead to biased parameter estimates in most data analysis. To properly adjust for left-censoring, this paper presents an extension of the Tobit model for fitting nonlinear dynamic mixed-effects models with skew distributions. Such extensions allow one to specify the conditional distributions for viral load response to account for left-censoring, skewness and heaviness in the tails of the distributions of the response variable. A Bayesian modeling approach via Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm is used to estimate model parameters. The proposed methods are illustrated using real data from an HIV/AIDS study. PMID:22992288

  13. A vector machine formulation with application to the computer-aided diagnosis of breast cancer from DCE-MRI screening examinations.

    PubMed

    Levman, Jacob E D; Warner, Ellen; Causer, Petrina; Martel, Anne L

    2014-02-01

    This study investigates the use of a proposed vector machine formulation with application to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging examinations in the context of the computer-aided diagnosis of breast cancer. This paper describes a method for generating feature measurements that characterize a lesion's vascular heterogeneity as well as a supervised learning formulation that represents an improvement over the conventional support vector machine in this application. Spatially varying signal-intensity measures were extracted from the examinations using principal components analysis and the machine learning technique known as the support vector machine (SVM) was used to classify the results. An alternative vector machine formulation was found to improve on the results produced by the established SVM in randomized bootstrap validation trials, yielding a receiver-operating characteristic curve area of 0.82 which represents a statistically significant improvement over the SVM technique in this application. PMID:23836079

  14. An analysis of the application of AI to the development of intelligent aids for flight crew tasks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baron, S.; Feehrer, C.

    1985-01-01

    This report presents the results of a study aimed at developing a basis for applying artificial intelligence to the flight deck environment of commercial transport aircraft. In particular, the study was comprised of four tasks: (1) analysis of flight crew tasks, (2) survey of the state-of-the-art of relevant artificial intelligence areas, (3) identification of human factors issues relevant to intelligent cockpit aids, and (4) identification of artificial intelligence areas requiring further research.

  15. Software aids plant management

    SciTech Connect

    Winiger, T. )

    1992-11-01

    This paper reports that for most utilities, computer aided engineering (CAE) systems are currently used for operating plant support rather than new plant design particularly for nuclear plant maintenance. For nuclear power generating utilities, switching to a modern, integrated CAE information system can offer significant benefits. During the last decade, however, most engineering automation in the power generation industry focused on computer-aided drafting and stand-alone engineering applications. An integrated CAE system can be a useful too, assisting engineers with many engineering and operational activities. It also can be used to manage the massive amount of information created throughout the life of a plant.

  16. CAE (computer-aided engineering) tools' limitations case study: An SSI (small scale integrated) design to an ASIC (application specific integrated circuit)

    SciTech Connect

    Everts, J.

    1989-01-01

    Every computer-aided engineering (CAE) tool has its limitations and shortcomings. Knowing where the pitfalls lie and how to get around them is extremely valuable. This paper takes a look at the problems and limitations encountered using the Daisy Systems suite of digital design tools (on a Logician 386 and a PKK386 MegaLogician, running DNIX 5.02A) to redesign a 169 small scale integrated (SSI) component design into an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) gate array. Deficiencies were found in the libraries, ACE, MDLS, DTA, MCFS, and the Hotline support. Some solutions and workarounds to these deficiencies are presented.

  17. Floriculture Aide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Joyce; Looney, Era

    Designed for use in a self-paced, open-entry/open-exit vocational training program for a floriculture aide, this program guide is one of six for teachers of adult women offenders from a correctional institution. Module topic outlines and sample lesson plans are presented on eleven topics: occupational opportunities in the retail florist industry;…

  18. Addressing Educational Needs of Children with HIV/AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naude, Hendrina; Pretorius, Etheresia

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews medical and neuropsychological effects of HIV/AIDS in children and relates these findings specifically to educational difficulties. It then proposes an instructional delivery framework for these children that stresses the importance of addressing their educational needs and includes specific suggestions for reading instruction,…

  19. Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

  20. Every Body Needs First Aid... A Manual for LEP Students [Draft] and Teacher Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adachi, Patricia

    The manual contains both student and teacher materials for instruction in basic physiology and first aid. The instructional materials were developed for use with limited-English-proficient high school students, but are suitable for high school first aid classes because of their simplified English and format, sequential organization, detailed table…

  1. Job Performance Aid Methods (for Job Guide Manuals and Other Formats).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Frank W.

    The report provides simplified instructions for writing and illustrating Job Performance Aids (JPAs). JPAs are step-by-step work instructions geared to the intellectual level of the performer and background training aids for psychological task preparedness. The first two sections of the report discuss the origin of JPAs and the principles of task…

  2. Research on Instructional Strategies for Optimizing the Learning Process. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Mathematical Studies in Social Science.

    The application of theoretical models of instructional strategies to the design and the implementation of a computer-controlled instructional system and to the development of a practical course of instruction in computer programing is briefly described. (Author)

  3. Simulation and Recording Device for Research in Programmed Instruction. Paper No. 5. The Prospectus Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Ted; Levine, S. Joseph

    The SimulaR, a portable tabletop instructional simulator and response recording device has been designed to aid research in development of programed instruction and is scheduled for a field test involving instructional simulation of remedial reading. Major components consist of a two channel audio playback device, a visual component incorporating…

  4. 14 CFR 147.17 - Instructional equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Requirements § 147.17 Instructional equipment requirements. (a) An applicant for a mechanic school certificate... for instructional purposes does not have retractable landing gear and wing flaps, the school...

  5. 14 CFR 147.17 - Instructional equipment requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Requirements § 147.17 Instructional equipment requirements. (a) An applicant for a mechanic school certificate... for instructional purposes does not have retractable landing gear and wing flaps, the school...

  6. Desktop Publishing: A New Frontier for Instructional Technologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Norman T.; Warner, James W.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses new possibilities that computers and laser printers offer instructional technologists. Includes a brief history of printed communications, a description of new technological advances referred to as "desktop publishing," and suggests the application of this technology to instructional tasks. (TW)

  7. HIV/AIDS Education in Teacher Preparation Programs. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skripak, Danielle; Summerfield, Liane

    Experts agree that prevention through education is the best way to fight the transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes Acquired Immune Deficiency (AIDS). However, the capacity of teachers to provide instruction about AIDS and other related health problems with knowledge and comfort may be limited by a lack of preservice…

  8. Roofing: Workbook and Tests. First-Aid Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Publications.

    This workbook on first aid is one of a series of nine individual units of instruction for roofing apprenticeship classes in California. The workbook covers 12 topics: introduction to first-aid practices; burns; skeletal injuries; spinal injuries; wounds, bleeding, and bruises; emergencies of the heart and blood circulation system; breathing and…

  9. Curriculum Planning Guidelines for HIV/AIDS Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana State Office of Public Instruction, Helena.

    This curriculum planning guide helps districts design an appropriate educational program on HIV/AIDS prevention. The chapters focus on the following topics: "Montana Board of Public Education Position Statement on HIV/AIDS"; "Instructional Guidelines: Key Issues in Program Planning, Major Health Education Content Areas, Summary, and Curriculum…

  10. Lessons on Stigma: Teaching about HIV/AIDS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenstein, Bronwen; DeCoster, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    Teaching about the sociology of HIV/AIDS involves teaching about the causes and effects of stigma. We describe a Sociology of HIV/AIDS course at the University of Alabama in which stigma reduction was assessed as a primary objective. The syllabus involved theory-based instruction, class visits, service learning, and student research on community…

  11. THE TEACHER AIDE IN NORTH CAROLINA'S COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CHAVIS, KANAWHA Z.; EMMERLING, FRANK C.

    THIS REPORT DESCRIBES THE SELECTION, CHARACTERISTICS, AND UTILIZATION OF TEACHER AIDES IN THE COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT. AN AIDE WAS ASSIGNED TO THREE TEACHERS IN THE PROJECT TO ASSIST THEM WITH CLERICAL, INSTRUCTIONAL, TECHNOLOGICAL, AND GENERAL DUTIES. SELECTION CRITERIA INCLUDED ABILITY AND EXPERIENCE IN MOTIVATING AND WORKING…

  12. RASCAL: A Rudimentary Adaptive System for Computer-Aided Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, John Christopher

    Both the background of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) systems in general and the requirements of a computer-aided learning system which would be a reasonable assistant to a teacher are discussed. RASCAL (Rudimentary Adaptive System for Computer-Aided Learning) is a first attempt at defining a CAI system which would individualize the learning…

  13. Understanding Teacher Aides' Definitions of Reading: Implications for Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Lois Ruth; Davidson, Christina Ruth; Aprile, Kerry Therese

    2015-01-01

    While teacher aides often provide individual and group reading instruction for at-risk readers, research suggests these interventions may not always bring about reading gains. This Australian study investigated upper primary school teacher aides' definitions of reading, drawing on semi-structured interview responses and written definitions…

  14. Aides to Career Education, 1975-76: An Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Alan N.

    The Aides to Career Education (ACE) Program employs instructional aides to help disadvantaged vocational education students in Los Angeles develop positive attitudes toward education and employment, more cooperative behavior, pride in their course work, efficiency in completing assigned tasks, and improved attendance. In 1975-76 (the fourth year)…

  15. [2010-2011 Federal Student Aid Handbook with Active Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Student Aid, US Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This publication is intended for financial aid administrators and counselors who help students begin the aid process--filing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), verifying information, and making corrections and other changes to the information reported on the FAFSA. The Federal Student Aid Handbook consists of the Application and…

  16. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 1003 - Form and Instructions for Completion of HMDA Loan/Application Register

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... required by law (12 U.S.C. 2801-2810 and 12 CFR 1003). An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and an... Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. See 12 CFR 1003.1(a) for the valid OMB Control Numbers applicable..., DC 20503. Be sure to reference the applicable agency and the OMB Control Number, as found in 12...

  17. 9 CFR 113.2 - Testing aids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Testing aids. 113.2 Section 113.2... Testing aids. To better ensure consistent and reproducible test results when Standard Requirement tests... Agriculture, may provide testing aids, when available, to licensees, permittees, and applicants for...

  18. 9 CFR 113.2 - Testing aids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Testing aids. 113.2 Section 113.2... Testing aids. To better ensure consistent and reproducible test results when Standard Requirement tests... Agriculture, may provide testing aids, when available, to licensees, permittees, and applicants for...

  19. 9 CFR 113.2 - Testing aids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Testing aids. 113.2 Section 113.2... Testing aids. To better ensure consistent and reproducible test results when Standard Requirement tests... Agriculture, may provide testing aids, when available, to licensees, permittees, and applicants for...

  20. 9 CFR 113.2 - Testing aids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Testing aids. 113.2 Section 113.2... Testing aids. To better ensure consistent and reproducible test results when Standard Requirement tests... Agriculture, may provide testing aids, when available, to licensees, permittees, and applicants for...

  1. 9 CFR 113.2 - Testing aids.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Testing aids. 113.2 Section 113.2... Testing aids. To better ensure consistent and reproducible test results when Standard Requirement tests... Agriculture, may provide testing aids, when available, to licensees, permittees, and applicants for...

  2. Financial Aid for Students with Disabilities, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. HEATH Resource Center.

    This resource guide provides an overview of student financial aid for students with disabilities. It also discusses the roles and responsibilities of those who play a significant part in the process of providing aid to students with disabilities. It addresses the financial aid application procedure, explains key terminology, and suggests timelines…

  3. HIV/AIDS Basics

    MedlinePlus

    ... Enter ZIP code or city Follow Act Against AIDS Act Against AIDS @talkHIV Act Against AIDS Get Email Updates on AAA Anonymous Feedback HIV/AIDS Media Infographics Syndicated Content Podcasts Slide Sets HIV/ ...

  4. Designing Effective Instruction. 4th Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Gary R.; Ross, Steven M.; Kemp, Jerrold E.

    This book presents practical skills for successful instructional design. Maintaining a balance between theory and application, it offers a flexible model that can be adapted for use in many settings. Examples are presented from business, higher education, and K-12 education. The 15 chapters are: (1) "Introduction to the Instructional Design…

  5. Are Individual Differences Undertreated in Instructional Design?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    Instructional design can be more effective if it is as fixedly dedicated to the accommodation of individual differences as it currently is to the accommodation of subject matters. That is the hypothesis. A menu of accommodation options is provided that is applicable at each of three stages of instructional development or administration: before,…

  6. Using the Internet As an Instructional Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson River Center for Program Development, Glenmont, NY.

    This manual is designed to introduce adult educators to the Internet and examine ways that it can enhance instruction. An overview of the Internet covers its evolution. These three sections focus on the three areas of the Internet essential to instructional application: communication, information access, and search tools. The section on…

  7. Planning for Instructional Technology in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garza Mitchell, Regina L.

    2011-01-01

    Community colleges are known for keeping abreast of the latest instructional technologies, but the constant and rapid growth of available technology also presents challenges. This chapter reviews the current literature regarding instructional technology usage, with a focus on beneficial applications of technology for teaching and learning, and…

  8. Instructional Podcasting with Undergraduate Digital Natives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kevin M.; Willis, Dottie

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the use of instructional podcasts with students in introductory computer application classes at a small, independent, private university. Participants were all undergraduates in the school of education. In an effort to model effective use of instructional technology for preservice teachers and to "meet digital native…

  9. Bibliographic Instruction in Indiana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, H. Scott, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This issue contains nine articles written by Indiana librarians involved in bibliographic instruction: (1) "Information Management Education--Beyond BI (Bibliographic Instruction)" (Gillian S. Gremmels); (2) "Dealing with the New Technology: An Instructional Primer" (Patrick Max); (3) "Librarian/Teacher Partnerships for Better Library Instruction:…

  10. Designing the Instructional Interface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohr, L. L.

    2000-01-01

    Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

  11. College-Level Instruction: Derived Relations and Programmed Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fienup, Daniel M.; Hamelin, Jeffery; Reyes-Giordano, Kimberly; Falcomata, Terry S.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated the effectiveness of programmed instruction that integrates derived relations to teach college-level academic material. This method has been demonstrated to be effective and economical in the teaching of complex mathematics and biology concepts. Although this approach may have potential applications with other…

  12. The clock-aided RAIM method and it's application in improving the positioning precision of GPS receiver

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Yibing; Teng, Yunlong

    2012-08-01

    The prediction precision of receiver clock bias (RCB) is an important factor in influencing the receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM) method augmented with it and improving GPS receiver positioning precision. According to the characters of the RCB series, a new prediction model in discrete grey form is presented in this paper, and then the initial value of the model is determined by establishing unconstrained optimised formula. The prediction model is utilised to augment RAIM method in order to identify faulty satellite and improve the positioning precision of GPS receiver. Experimental results show that the prediction model is fit for predicting the RCB series, and the RAIM method aided by it is feasible. The auxiliary RAIM method can not only enhance the efficiency of identifying faulty satellite, but also improve the positioning precision of GPS receiver obviously.

  13. [Academic application of text messages in a first aid course: a pilot study in a private university in Lima, Peru].

    PubMed

    Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M; Shu-Yip, Sebastián B; Pérez-Lu, José E

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate the impact of an educational intervention with the use of text messages (SMS) in a first aid course. A prospective study and intervention was conducted. Two steps were implemented: 1) a qualitative study to design the SMS and 2) the intervention with the sending of the SMS messages. The outcome variable was the final grade of students. Multivariate models were constructed, prevalence ratios and confidence intervals at 95% were calculated. The first phase revealed that the SMS should be educational-theoretical, motivational, and multiple choice. In the intervention there were 66 participants in the control and intervention group. The average age was 17.7 (± 1.2) years. The intervention group obtained higher scores compared with the control group (PR = 4.82; 95% CI: 1.58 to 14.72). In conclusion, SMS with informative and motivational content is useful in the formation of undergraduate medicine. PMID:26338387

  14. Computer aided manipulator control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bejczy, A. K.; Zawacki, R. L.

    1980-01-01

    This paper describes the hardware and software system of a dedicated mini- and microcomputer network developed at the JPL teleoperator project to aid the operator in real-time control of remote manipulators. The operator can be in series or in parallel with the control computer during operation. The purpose of the project is to develop, demonstrate and evaluate advanced supervisory control concepts and techniques for space applications. The paper concludes with a brief outline of future development plans and issues.

  15. Domestic Rodent Control Training Manual: A Training Aid for the Rodent Control Category for Certification of Pesticide Applicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Childress, William R., Jr.; And Others

    This training manual, designed for training applicants who wish to obtain certification in pesticide application relative to rodent control, covers the following topics: economic factors, public health factors, biological characteristics of domestic rodents, rat and mouse signs, trapping, repellents, poisons, baits, poisoned water, dumps, sewers,…

  16. Recent Innovations in Science Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holleman, John J.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses instructional innovations in science education, including interdisciplinary environmental studies programs, autotutorial open laboratory techniques, and programed research projects provided in investigative laboratory settings. Describes applications of these innovations at community colleges, as well as the increased use of modular,…

  17. Microcomputers in Foreign Language Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thrush, Jo Ann P.; Thrush, Randolph S.

    1984-01-01

    In order to avoid the early problems of computer assisted instruction and the language lab, and to achieve maximum effectiveness and efficiency of student learning, foreign language teachers need to become proficient in the following three areas: (1) computer literacy; (2) software literacy; and (3) application literacy. (SL)

  18. Computer Literacy: An Instructional Unit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratekin, Ruth; And Others

    This instructional unit on computer literacy is intended for use as a 9-week course meeting five days per week for 50-minute class periods. If tied to a 9-week course in keyboarding or combined with additional materials on programming or software applications, it could also be expanded into a semester course. The following topics are covered in…

  19. Technology in Instructional Support Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    This manual is intended to provide directors of funded programs and teachers with an awareness of a wide range of technology services, programs, and applications for improving the quality and effectiveness of instructional support services in New York State schools. The first of nine chapters contains two papers: "Technology Support for…

  20. Application Essays as an Effective Tool for Assessing Instruction in the Basic Communication Course: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazer, Joseph P.; Simonds, Cheri J.; Hunt, Stephen K.

    2012-01-01

    The assessment of student learning in general education courses is of critical importance in higher education. This study examines the utility of a writing assignment (application essays) in a basic communication course as an effective assessment tool. The authors conducted a content analysis of student portfolios to determine the extent to which…