Science.gov

Sample records for aid eligibility information

  1. AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

  2. 78 FR 57371 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) Enrollment... notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG...: Enrollment in the Federal Student Aid (FSA) Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) allows eligible entities...

  3. After the FAFSA: How Red Tape Can Prevent Eligible Students from Receiving Financial Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochrane, Debbie Frankle

    2010-01-01

    This report sheds light on what happens to federal financial aid applicants after they submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Using 2007-08 financial aid data from 13 California community colleges, the Institute found that one in three likely Pell-eligible applicants did not receive a Pell Grant. Also, while few students'…

  4. Student Financial Aid Handbook, 2000-2001. Volume 2: Institutional Eligibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.

    The "Student Financial Aid Handbook" explains the policies and procedures required for institutions of higher education to administer federally funded student financial assistance programs properly. This volume focuses on institutional eligibility and explains how a school becomes eligible to participate in the Student Financial Assistance (SFA)…

  5. Sticking It to Students: A New Losing Formula for Financial Aid Eligibility?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Toole, Chuck

    2003-01-01

    Describes the Department of Education's 2003 proposed revision of the Expected Family Contribution formula, which determines family eligibility for federal financial aid. In many cases, it will mean that parents requesting aid for September 2004 will appear to have higher after-tax incomes than they did the year before. Such changes would cut…

  6. The Politics of Determining Merit Aid Eligibility Criteria: An Analysis of the Policy Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Erik C.

    2010-01-01

    Despite the scholarly attention on the effects of merit aid on college access and choice, particularly on the significant effect that states' varied eligibility criteria play, no studies have examined the policy process through which merit aid criteria are determined. This is surprising given the recent attention to state-level policy dynamics and…

  7. Federal Student Aid Handbook, 2002-2003. Volume 1: Student Eligibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This volume of the Federal Student Aid (FSA) Handbook discusses the eligibility requirements for students and parent borrowers and the responsibilities of institutions in checking to be sure that recipients qualify for their aid awards. The guide also describes recent changes to FSA requirements and procedures. The biggest change for this year is…

  8. 19 CFR 143.21 - Merchandise eligible for informal entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Merchandise eligible for informal entry. 143.21 Section 143.21 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Informal Entry § 143.21 Merchandise eligible for informal entry. The following types...

  9. 19 CFR 143.21 - Merchandise eligible for informal entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Merchandise eligible for informal entry. 143.21 Section 143.21 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Informal Entry § 143.21 Merchandise eligible for informal entry. The following types...

  10. 19 CFR 143.21 - Merchandise eligible for informal entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Merchandise eligible for informal entry. 143.21 Section 143.21 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Informal Entry § 143.21 Merchandise eligible for informal entry. The following types...

  11. General Information about AIDS-Related Lymphoma

    MedlinePlus

    ... AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About AIDS-Related Lymphoma Go to Health Professional ... the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board . Clinical Trial Information A clinical trial is a study to answer ...

  12. 22 CFR Appendix B to Part 201 - Application for Approval of Commodity Eligibility (AID 11)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for Approval of Commodity Eligibility (AID 11) B Appendix B to Part 201 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RULES AND PROCEDURES APPLICABLE TO COMMODITY TRANSACTIONS FINANCED BY USAID Pt. 201, App. B Appendix B to Part...

  13. Clampdown on AIDS information in E. Africa.

    PubMed

    Hitchcock, B

    1986-01-01

    What is most alarming about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in East Africa is that it is taboo. The reason for the clamping down on publicity in Kenya is that the government sees AIDS as a killer of tourism, the country's 2nd largest revenue earner. The government of Kenya, like several other African governments, is reacting to the widespread belief in the West that AIDS originated in Africa and that it is rampant in Central and East Africa. These "facts" have yet to be proven conclusively by medical evidence. It is certain that a large percentage of the population of these regions have antibodies to the virus HTLV-III, which causes AIDS. From this, virologists deduce that the people concerned must have been exposed to the AIDS virus. The Western media has exaggerated the African AIDS connection and given the impression that African countries are gripped in raging AIDS epidemics. In response to the alarmist publicity, some African countries have clamped down in information about the disease. The result is that the Western press feels confirmed in its fears and the local population, depending on rumor and heresay, have been living in a state of absolute panic. Instead of allaying fears, the clampdown on news has fueled dangerous rumors at home and frightened away tourists. Whatever may be causing the disease and wherever it may have come from, there is no question at all that there are now confirmed cases of AIDS in East and Central Africa. Thus far, the number of confirmed cases if relatively small, but if governments continue to try and hide the facts from the public, there is a real danger of an epidemic developing. A ministerial statement admits to 7 confirmed AIDS cases in Kenya. There are discrepancies in the reports, however. Doctors interviewed by "New African" in Nairobi recently believe the situation is far more serious than the government admits. Doctors in Kenya make the point that the country is highly vulnerable to the spread of AIDS

  14. 76 FR 27383 - Proposed Information Collection (Eligibility Verification Reports); Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Eligibility Verification Reports); Comment Request AGENCY... performance of VBA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Titles: Eligibility Verification Reports...

  15. A Principal's Primer on Federal Funding. A Ready Reference Document to Aid Administrators in Locating Federal Aid Information for Instructional and Support Programs Within Their Local Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trohoski, Carolyn

    This publication presents updated summary information on the major federal educational aid programs in effect during fiscal year 1976. The author briefly summarizes the basic eligibility requirements for grants under the provisions of the Education Amendments of 1974 (Titles I, III, IV, VI, and VII), the Vocational Education Act, and the National…

  16. Burns first aid information on the Internet.

    PubMed

    Tiller, G; Rea, S; Silla, R; Wood, F

    2006-11-01

    The Internet is an increasingly important source of health-related information. However, the growth of the Internet and its use as a medical delivery tool should be viewed with caution. One of the key concerns is that although the volume of information is huge, the quality, accuracy and completeness of the information is questionable. The aim of this study was to evaluate burns first aid information on the Internet. The search term used was "first aid for burns" and the first 25 hits from each search engine were analysed by one of the observers. We gathered basic information on the web sites--such as the country of origin, language in which the information was offered, accessibility, relevance and whether the site was commercial, organisational or academic. Quality and technicality of the web sites were assessed and scored. The mean quality score was 4.7/15 (31.5%) The mean technical score was 6.1 of 12 (51.1%). When the total score was categorised by percentage, none of the web sites ranked in the excellent category, 1 was very good, 4 were good, 6 were fair and the majority, 36, were poor. Based on the quality score only, two web sites were in the excellent category and two were very good. For technicality one web site was excellent and three were very good. This study has shown first aid information on the Internet is largely of poor quality, that the technical information provided is inadequate and that the sites include a significant amount of grossly inaccurate information. The few sites that contain excellent technical information make up a very small proportion of what is available. Therefore, the average Internet user may not encounter these resources, instead gaining knowledge from sites of questionable value. PMID:17005324

  17. 78 FR 53013 - Proposed Information Collection (Health Eligibility Center (HEC) New Enrollee Survey); Activity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Titles: Health Eligibility Center (HEC) New... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Health Eligibility Center (HEC) New Enrollee Survey); Activity... opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under...

  18. Are informal caregivers important in AIDS care?

    PubMed

    Decarlo, P; Folkman, S

    1997-01-01

    Informal caregivers of people with AIDS provide practical help and nursing care at home. They are often the lovers, spouses, friends, or family of someone with AIDS and are not professional care providers. They provide essential care, saving society considerable expense. Caregivers provide practical support such as shopping, housekeeping, and transportation to clinics, as well as basic assistance such as help with bathing, going to the bathroom, and feeding. As symptoms worsen, caregivers are also likely to adopt the more clinical roles of keeping track of medications, giving injections, inserting catheters, and cleaning wounds. Caregivers also often assess medical and mental conditions, being the first to notice changes in health and to decide when to seek help. Caregivers, however, can suffer considerable care-related stress, leading to numbness, compassion fatigue, or burnout. Caregivers may also fear social rejection, loss of job and/or housing and may therefore hide their caregiving status from family, friends, and co-workers. For women with HIV, being responsible for children at home may make it difficult or impossible to obtain caregiving support for themselves. Helping caregivers benefits both the caregiver and the patient. Professional clinicians can include the caregiver in the triad of care comprised of the doctor, caregiver, and patient. Participating in support groups can also help caregivers. PMID:12293155

  19. 78 FR 37244 - Submission for Review: We Need Important Information About Your Eligibility for Social Security...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: We Need Important Information About Your Eligibility for Social Security... Eligibility for Social Security Disability Benefits, RI 98-7. As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of... faxed to (202) 606-0910. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: RI 98-7 is used by OPM to verify receipt of...

  20. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Denial or revocation of eligibility for... Information § 17.47 Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. (a) Applicants... revocation is based; and (3) Provided copies of documents requested pursuant to this paragraph (a) within...

  1. HIV-AIDS Information Resources from the NLM - ACIO

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner, W.

    2010-10-01

    As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS screening and testing, prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine (NLM), of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

  2. 34 CFR 370.3 - Who is eligible for services and information under the CAP?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION CLIENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM General § 370.3 Who is eligible for services and information under the CAP? (a) Any client or client applicant is eligible for the services described in § 370.4. (b) Any individual with...

  3. 32 CFR 651.52 - Aids to information gathering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Aids to information gathering. 651.52 Section 651.52 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED... Process § 651.52 Aids to information gathering. The proponent may use or develop graphic or...

  4. 32 CFR 651.52 - Aids to information gathering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Aids to information gathering. 651.52 Section 651.52 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED... Process § 651.52 Aids to information gathering. The proponent may use or develop graphic or...

  5. 32 CFR 651.52 - Aids to information gathering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Aids to information gathering. 651.52 Section 651.52 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED... Process § 651.52 Aids to information gathering. The proponent may use or develop graphic or...

  6. 32 CFR 651.52 - Aids to information gathering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Aids to information gathering. 651.52 Section 651.52 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED... Process § 651.52 Aids to information gathering. The proponent may use or develop graphic or...

  7. 32 CFR 651.52 - Aids to information gathering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Aids to information gathering. 651.52 Section 651.52 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED... Process § 651.52 Aids to information gathering. The proponent may use or develop graphic or...

  8. OWL model of clinical trial eligibility criteria compatible with partially-known information

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Clinical trials are important for patients, for researchers and for companies. One of the major bottlenecks is patient recruitment. This task requires the matching of a large volume of information about the patient with numerous eligibility criteria, in a logically-complex combination. Moreover, some of the patient’s information necessary to determine the status of the eligibility criteria may not be available at the time of pre-screening. Results We showed that the classic approach based on negation as failure over-estimates rejection when confronted with partially-known information about the eligibility criteria because it ignores the distinction between a trial for which patient eligibility should be rejected and trials for which patient eligibility cannot be asserted. We have also shown that 58.64% of the values were unknown in the 286 prostate cancer cases examined during the weekly urology multidisciplinary meetings at Rennes’ university hospital between October 2008 and March 2009. We propose an OWL design pattern for modeling eligibility criteria based on the open world assumption to address the missing information problem. We validate our model on a fictitious clinical trial and evaluate it on two real clinical trials. Our approach successfully distinguished clinical trials for which the patient is eligible, clinical trials for which we know that the patient is not eligible and clinical trials for which the patient may be eligible provided that further pieces of information (which we can identify) can be obtained. Conclusions OWL-based reasoning based on the open world assumption provides an adequate framework for distinguishing those patients who can confidently be rejected from those whose status cannot be determined. The expected benefits are a reduction of the workload of the physicians and a higher efficiency by allowing them to focus on the patients whose eligibility actually require expertise. PMID:24034867

  9. 10 CFR 1017.8 - Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information. 1017.8 Section 1017.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION... the Atomic Energy Act....

  10. 10 CFR 1017.8 - Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information. 1017.8 Section 1017.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION... the Atomic Energy Act....

  11. 10 CFR 1017.8 - Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information. 1017.8 Section 1017.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION... the Atomic Energy Act....

  12. Eligibility of noise-abatement proposals for grants-in-aid under the airport improvement program

    SciTech Connect

    Ohnstad, E.

    1989-01-01

    This report summarizes the provisions of existing Federal laws, regulations, administrative policies, and grant-program procedures that relate to funding of noise-abatement projects. The report also presents historical data on Federally assisted noise compatibility projects and funding levels in fiscal years 1982 - 1987. A literature search was conducted and parties involved with airport-noise compatibility planning and project implementation were consulted to identify proposals currently not eligible for grant assistance and the reasons for their ineligibility. The report concludes with recommendations to make eligibility criteria more flexible and to provide clearer guidance to parties involved with noise compatibility project formulation, evaluation and implementation.

  13. AIDS Information in Children's Television Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Netzhammer, Emile C.

    A study analyzed the potential rhetorical impact of AIDS-related television programming directed at preadolescents. The four programs selected for the study were all submitted in the children's television category of the Peabody Awards competition for the 1987-1988 season. They are (1) an episode of the PBS children's documentary series "3-2-1…

  14. Learning Support. 7. Technical Aids and Information Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faraday, Sally; Harris, Richard

    Technical aids and information technology are the subjects of this document, one of 9 modules in an 11-unit resource pack designed to help trainers and postsecondary and continuing education staff meet the needs of special needs students in Great Britain. Having completed the module, staff should be able to: (1) identify technical aids; (2)…

  15. 10 CFR 1017.8 - Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Nuclear Information. 1017.8 Section 1017.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR INFORMATION Initially Determining What Information Is Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information § 1017.8 Subject areas eligible to be...

  16. 10 CFR 1017.8 - Subject areas eligible to be Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Nuclear Information. 1017.8 Section 1017.8 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR INFORMATION Initially Determining What Information Is Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information § 1017.8 Subject areas eligible to be...

  17. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17.47 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified Information § 17.47 Denial or revocation...

  18. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information. 17.47 Section 17.47 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified Information § 17.47 Denial or revocation...

  19. 28 CFR 17.47 - Denial or revocation of eligibility for access to classified information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified... Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552) or the Privacy Act of 1974 (5 U.S.C. 552a), and as the national security... determination of eligibility for access to classified information by the ARC is a discretionary...

  20. Federal Student Aid Handbook, 2006-2007. Volume 1: Student Eligibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    There are many factors to be considered when reviewing a student's application for aid from the FSA programs, such as whether the student is a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, whether the student is making satisfactory academic progress, and whether the student has a defaulted FSA loan. This volume of the Federal Student Aid Handbook discusses…

  1. 41 CFR 102-75.635 - What information must the Department of the Interior (DOI) furnish eligible public agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What information must the Department of the Interior (DOI) furnish eligible public agencies? 102-75.635 Section 102-75.635... the Interior (DOI) furnish eligible public agencies? Upon request, DOI must furnish eligible...

  2. Congressional Methodology: How It Affects Federal Student Financial Aid Eligibility. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. 100th Congress, Second Session. Hearing held in Teaneck, New Jersey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    A transcript is provided of the subcommittee hearing on the effect of Congressional Methodology (the system established to determine eligibility for federal student aid) on federal student financial aid eligibility. The statements of the following persons are provided: Francine Andrea, New Jersey Association of Student Financial Aid…

  3. Evaluating a Web-Based MMR Decision Aid to Support Informed Decision-Making by UK Parents: A Before-and-After Feasibility Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Cath; Cheater, Francine M.; Peacock, Rose; Leask, Julie; Trevena, Lyndal

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The objective of this feasibility study was to evaluate the acceptability and potential effectiveness of a web-based MMR decision aid in supporting informed decision-making for the MMR vaccine. Design: This was a prospective before-and-after evaluation. Setting: Thirty parents of children eligible for MMR vaccination were recruited from…

  4. [Navigation aid through the information overload].

    PubMed

    Günther, Judith; Schindler, Birgit; Suter, Katja

    2014-10-01

    We live in the modern information society. "To be informed" has a crucial impact on the personal, professional, economic and social development. The knowledge of things and their relationships is essential for acute decisions as well as for long-term planning. And at no time it was easier to get the information required within shorter time periods--no matter to whatsoever. The offer of information of the World Wide Web is inexhaustible. This also applies to information about all possible therapeutic and pharmaceutical issues. But is the information found reliable, too? And are easily accessible sources credible? Can we deal with the information overload at these days or do we actually risk paddling only on the surface of the "information-sea", without ever perceiving the actual information depth and width, less to use it? How can we protect being taken in by marketing strategies? The present article describes a structured proceed when seeking literature to find useful medical and pharmaceutical information in a time saving manner. PMID:25632609

  5. No joking matter: formal and informal sources of information about AIDS in Zimbabwe.

    PubMed

    Pitts, M; Jackson, H

    1993-01-01

    One hundred and forty-two social work students in Harare, Zimbabwe, were questioned concerning their sources and memory of information concerning the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS. Newspapers were cited most frequently as the major source of information. Family and friends were not reported to be major sources of information. An analysis of the kinds of items most frequently recalled showed that articles concerning personal portrayals were the most powerful vehicles for AIDS information. Metaphors and similes for AIDS produced by the students mirrored those commonly reported elsewhere. Jokes were studied as indicators of informal opinions, and these showed negative views of American involvement in AIDS issues. PMID:8217473

  6. Computer Aided Management for Information Processing Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akman, Ibrahim; Kocamustafaogullari, Kemal

    1995-01-01

    Outlines the nature of information processing projects and discusses some project management programming packages. Describes an in-house interface program developed to utilize a selected project management package (TIMELINE) by using Oracle Data Base Management System tools and Pascal programming language for the management of information system…

  7. Student Financial Aid: 2001-02 Update. Informational Memorandum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin Univ. System, Madison. Office of Policy Analysis and Research.

    This memorandum provides information about students granted financial aid in the University of Wisconsin (UW) system in 2001-2002 and earlier years. The total financial aid provided to UW students was $550.0 million, up $52.2 million from 2000-2001. Total loan dollars for UW students totaled $371.2 million, up $30.9 million from 2000-2001. UW…

  8. Equal Access Initiative HIV/AIDS Information Resources from NLM

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner W. and N. Dancy

    2010-09-11

    The Equal Access Initiative: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the National Minority AIDS Council 2010 Equal Access Initiative (EAI) Computer Grants Program awardees to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based

  9. General practitioners' attitudes towards AIDS and their perceived information needs.

    PubMed Central

    Shapiro, J. A.

    1989-01-01

    A short questionnaire on general practitioners' self perceived and actual knowledge of AIDS and their attitudes to the illness was sent to 1824 general practitioners throughout the United Kingdom. The rate of response was 70%. Women doctors, those who trained overseas, and those who were married tended to have less positive attitudes towards patients with HIV and AIDS, whereas younger doctors, trainers, and members of the Royal College of General Practitioners were more understanding, better informed, and had more positive attitudes. Doctors with the least knowledge about HIV and AIDS and the most negative attitudes towards the illness would benefit from further education, which would be most effectively delivered through the professional journals, the Department of Health and the charitable AIDS organisations. PMID:2503118

  10. Information technology aided exploration of system design spaces

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, Martin S.; Kiper, James D.; Kalafat, Selcuk

    2004-01-01

    We report on a practical application of information technology techniques to aid system engineers effectively explore large design spaces. We make use of heuristic search, visualization and data mining, the combination of which we have implemented wtihin a risk management tool in use at JPL and NASA.

  11. 45 CFR 205.55 - Requirements for requesting and furnishing eligibility and income information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS § 205.55... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for requesting and furnishing eligibility and income information. 205.55 Section 205.55 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to...

  12. 77 FR 25378 - Regulations Pertaining to the Disclosure of Return Information To Carry Out Eligibility...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... Information To Carry Out Eligibility Requirements for Health Insurance Affordability Programs AGENCY: Internal... compare available private health insurance options (qualified health plans, or QHPs) on the basis of price... offered by a health insurance issuer that meets minimum standards in the law and set by an...

  13. 78 FR 49367 - Regulations Pertaining to the Disclosure of Return Information To Carry Out Eligibility...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ... Information To Carry Out Eligibility Requirements for Health Insurance Affordability Programs AGENCY: Internal... program under title XIX of the Social Security Act, a State's children's health insurance program under... IRS published a notice of proposed rulemaking (REG-119632-11) in the Federal Register, 77 FR 25378,...

  14. 77 FR 48922 - Regulations Pertaining to the Disclosure of Return Information To Carry Out Eligibility...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-15

    ... Information To Carry Out Eligibility Requirements for Health Insurance Affordability Programs; Hearing... that appeared in the Federal Register on Monday, April 30, 2012 (77 FR 25378) announced that a public... the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act...

  15. 78 FR 24430 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Eligibility of a Nonprofit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Eligibility of a...: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451... sponsorship of housing projects. HUD Program Offices use the data to evaluate a potential...

  16. 77 FR 68138 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Eligibility of a Nonprofit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-15

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Eligibility of a Nonprofit... Liaison Officer, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW., Washington, DC 20410 or...: Dan Sullivan, Director, Office of Multifamily Housing Development, Department of Housing and...

  17. Counselor's Handbook. A Federal Student Aid Reference, Part 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Student Financial Assistance (ED), Washington, DC.

    Information is provided on the Student Aid Report (SAR), which is used to determine student eligibility for Pell Grants. Four to six weeks after a student submits a 1986-87 "Application for Federal Student Aid" or one of the non-federal applications, the student will receive the SAR. The student's eligibility status determines which of the three…

  18. 77 FR 48970 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; 2013-2014 Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-15

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; 2013-2014 Federal Student Aid... individuals applying for federal student aid including the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and the Student Aid Report (SAR). DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on...

  19. Models of Human Information Requirements: "When Reasonable Aiding Systems Disagree"

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corker, Kevin; Pisanich, Gregory; Shafto, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Aircraft flight management and Air Traffic Control (ATC) automation are under development to maximize the economy of flight and to increase the capacity of the terminal area airspace while maintaining levels of flight safety equal to or better than current system performance. These goals are being realized by the introduction of flight management automation aiding and operations support systems on the flight deck and by new developments of ATC aiding systems that seek to optimize scheduling of aircraft while potentially reducing required separation and accounting for weather and wake vortex turbulence. Aiding systems on both the flight deck and the ground operate through algorithmic functions on models of the aircraft and of the airspace. These models may differ from each other as a result of variations in their models of the immediate environment. The resultant flight operations or ATC commands may differ in their response requirements (e.g. different preferred descent speeds or descent initiation points). The human operators in the system must then interact with the automation to reconcile differences and resolve conflicts. We have developed a model of human performance including cognitive functions (decision-making, rule-based reasoning, procedural interruption recovery and forgetting) that supports analysis of the information requirements for resolution of flight aiding and ATC conflicts. The model represents multiple individuals in the flight crew and in ATC. The model is supported in simulation on a Silicon Graphics' workstation using Allegro Lisp. Design guidelines for aviation automation aiding systems have been developed using the model's specification of information and team procedural requirements. Empirical data on flight deck operations from full-mission flight simulation are provided to support the model's predictions. The paper describes the model, its development and implementation, the simulation test of the model predictions, and the empirical

  20. Information and computer-aided system for structural materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nekrashevitch, Ju. G.; Nizametdinov, Sh. U.; Polkovnikov, A. V.; Rumjantzev, V. P.; Surina, O. N.; Kalinin, G. M.; Sidorenkov, A. V.; Strebkov, Ju. S.

    1992-09-01

    An information and computer-aided system for structural materials data has been developed to provide data for the fusion and fission reactor system design. It is designed for designers, industrial engineers, and material science specialists and provides a friendly interface in an interactive mode. The database for structural materials contains the master files: chemical composition, physical, mechanical, corrosion, technological properties, regulatory and technical documentation. The system is implemented on a PC/AT running the PS/2 operating system.

  1. 12 CFR 41.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...'s eligibility, or continued eligibility, for credit so long as: (i) The information is the type of... history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as part of any such determination. (2) Examples. (i... into account the consumer's physical, mental, or behavioral health, condition, or history, type...

  2. Utilization of Cable Television to Provide Instruction and Information Services to CETA-Eligible Persons in Marshalltown. Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streff, Deborah

    A project was undertaken by the Iowa Valley Community College District (IVCCD) to provide information and instruction via cable television to persons eligible for Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs. The project sought to identify and enroll at least 15 CETA-eligible persons in each of 3 programs; "TV High School," designed…

  3. 20 CFR 416.1835 - Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI. 416.1835 Section 416.1835 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... eligible for SSI. (a) If you and your spouse stop living together. If you and your spouse stop...

  4. AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Information and Procedural Guidelines for Providing Services to Persons with AIDS/HTLV-III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana State Dept. of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena.

    This manual presents information about the disease, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and guidelines for service delivery to Montana residents who have been diagnosed with AIDS or related disorders. The first section describes the disease's causes, symptoms, and transmission; risk factors; high-risk populations; prevention suggestions;…

  5. HIV-AIDS Information and the American Library Community: An Overview of Responses to the HIV-AIDS Health Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukenbill, W. Bernard

    This paper presents an overview of how American libraries have responded to the health crisis caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS information dissemination practices of libraries and the social role which American librarians have articulated regarding their special responsibilities are…

  6. AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Information and Procedural Guidelines for Providing Services to Persons with AIDS/HIV. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana State Dept. of Health and Environmental Sciences, Helena. Health Education Bureau.

    This volume consists of updated information to be inserted into a Montana AIDS Project manual on providing services to persons with acquired immune deficiency syndrome/human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS/HIV), originally published in December 1985. The updates are mainly statistics and terminology, along with the addition of several new sections.…

  7. 12 CFR 41.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 41.30 Section 41.30 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FAIR CREDIT REPORTING Medical Information § 41.30 Obtaining or using medical information in...

  8. Financial Aid's Role in Meeting State College Completion Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.; Orians, Erica Lee

    2013-01-01

    This brief utilizes the most recent and rigorous financial aid research to inform state higher education leaders about innovative and effective financial aid practices. By simplifying aid eligibility requirements, improving the aid application process, and engaging in early awareness efforts, states could improve the effectiveness of existing aid…

  9. 47 CFR 68.415 - Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control... Procedures § 68.415 Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints. Persons with complaints... complaints regarding rules in this part pertaining to hearing aid compatibility and volume control, may...

  10. 47 CFR 68.415 - Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control... Procedures § 68.415 Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints. Persons with complaints... complaints regarding rules in this part pertaining to hearing aid compatibility and volume control, may...

  11. 47 CFR 68.415 - Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control... Procedures § 68.415 Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints. Persons with complaints... complaints regarding rules in this part pertaining to hearing aid compatibility and volume control, may...

  12. 77 FR 63833 - Equifax Information Services LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-17

    ... Equifax Information Services LLC; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment AGENCY: Federal... methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations in the.... The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes the terms of the consent agreement, and...

  13. 78 FR 57135 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Aid Program Application for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-17

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Impact Aid Program Application for Section... the Department assess the impact of its information collection requirements and minimize the public's... respondents, including through the use of information technology. Please note that written comments...

  14. ICT and AIDS Literacy: A Challenge for Information Professionals in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghosh, Maitrayee

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the use of ICT to disseminate preventive health care information to combat the AIDS epidemic in India. The role of information professionals in various libraries and information centres and the challenges they are facing to increase HIV/AIDS awareness are discussed. Finally, recommendations are…

  15. 12 CFR 717.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 717.30 Section 717.30 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS FAIR CREDIT REPORTING Medical Information § 717.30 Obtaining or using...

  16. 12 CFR 222.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 222.30 Section 222.30 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM FAIR CREDIT REPORTING (REGULATION V) Medical Information §...

  17. 12 CFR 571.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... information is the type of information routinely used in making credit eligibility determinations, such as... health, condition or history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as part of any such... into account the consumer's physical, mental, or behavioral health, condition, or history, type...

  18. 45 CFR 205.58 - Income and eligibility information; specific agreements required between the State agency and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Income and eligibility information; specific agreements required between the State agency and the agency supplying the information. 205.58 Section 205.58 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND...

  19. 12 CFR 41.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... creditor did not specifically request medical information from the consumer reporting agency. (d) Financial... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 41.30 Section 41.30 Banks and Banking...

  20. 12 CFR 571.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... reporting agency. (d) Financial information exception for obtaining and using medical information—(1) In... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 571.30 Section 571.30 Banks and Banking OFFICE...

  1. 12 CFR 717.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... reporting agency. (d) Financial information exception for obtaining and using medical information—(1) In... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 717.30 Section 717.30 Banks and Banking...

  2. 12 CFR 571.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... reporting agency. (d) Financial information exception for obtaining and using medical information—(1) In... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 571.30 Section 571.30 Banks and Banking OFFICE...

  3. 12 CFR 717.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... reporting agency. (d) Financial information exception for obtaining and using medical information—(1) In... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit. 717.30 Section 717.30 Banks and Banking...

  4. AIDS as social construction: text mining of AIDS-related information in the Italian press.

    PubMed

    Caputo, Andrea; Giacchetta, Agnese; Langher, Viviana

    2016-09-01

    Given the relevance of AIDS as a public health problem in the Italian context and of the role of mass media in the social construction of the phenomenon, the aim of the present study is twofold: (1) to explore the main AIDS-related themes in the Italian popular press; (2) to analyse the temporal trends of AIDS representations over the last decades. For the research, we decided to consult Italian newspaper articles produced between 1985 and 1990 and between 2005 and 2010 using the archives of the main two national newspapers (La Repubblica and Corriere della Sera), resulting in an overall sample of 446 newspaper articles. A computer-aided content analysis allowed the detection of five different thematic domains (clusters), respectively focused on: Medical care (7.47%), Family support (37.03%), Science and religion debate (27%), Social exclusion (17.6%) and Healthcare policies (10.9%). These thematic domains are conceived along two main latent dimensions (factors) which explain 72.47% of the data variance which respectively deal with: (1) Attitudes towards people with AIDS (care versus avoidance) and (2) Social mandate on AIDS (powerlessness versus control). The study results also reveal the potential evolution of representations of people with AIDS over time: from stigmatised subjects who represent a risk for the entire society within a climate of social control to people progressively symbolised as frail subjects that need to be taken care of. PMID:26923156

  5. Association of Information Sources and Knowledge on HIV/AIDS in Rural China

    PubMed Central

    Wen, Yufeng; Wang, Huadong; Chen, Baifeng; Chen, Yujuan; Zhang, Tiejun; Xu, Tan; Sun, Wenjie

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between the number of available information sources on HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge in a rural population in China. Design We performed a cross-sectional survey on the number and types of sources of HIV/AIDS information available to rural residents of China and assessed HIV/AIDS-related knowledge in this population. We collected information from 5,355 Chinese rural residents and then correlated the results of the scores on knowledge to the numbers of information sources, and adjusted for age, sex, education and occupation. Results The sources of HIV/AIDs information reported by subjects included television, radio, newspapers, periodicals, discussions with neighbors and friends. There were significant differences in sources of information based on gender, occupation, educational level and age. The average number of information sources was 3.01 ± 1.74. The average score on the AIDS related knowledge questionnaire was 8.21 ± 4.23. Subjects who reported 6 sources of HIV/AIDS information had an average score of 11.67 ± 3.0 on the HIV/AIDS knowledge questionnaire. Subjects who reported between 3–7 sources of HIV/AIDS information had significantly higher scores than those who had 1,2 or 8 sources of information. Conclusions There is an association between HIV/AIDS knowledge and the number of available information sources. By increasing the sources, one could not always make more people curious or interested in HIV/AIDS knowledge. PMID:25834646

  6. Caribbean Equal Access Program: HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine

    SciTech Connect

    Nancy Dancy, NLM, and Wilma Templin-Branner, ORISE

    2009-01-01

    As the treatment and management of HIV/AIDS continues to evolve with new scientific breakthroughs, treatment discoveries, and management challenges, it is difficult for people living with HIV/AIDS and those who care for them to keep up with the latest information on HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and research. The National Library of Medicine, of the National Institutes of Health, has a wealth of health information resources freely available on the Internet to address these needs.

  7. Formal and informal material aid following the 2010 Haiti earthquake as reported by camp dwellers.

    PubMed

    Versluis, Anna

    2014-04-01

    Following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, more than two million people moved to temporary camps, most of which arose spontaneously in the days after the earthquake. This study focuses on the material assistance people in five Port-au-Prince camps reported receiving, noting the differences between assistance from formal aid agencies and from 'informal' sources such as family. Seven weeks after the earthquake, 32% of camp dwellers reported receiving no assistance whatsoever; 55% had received formal aid, typically a tent or tarpaulins; and 40% had received informal aid, usually in the form of cash transfers from family living abroad. While people were grateful for any material aid, cash was more frequently considered timely and more effective than aid-in-kind. Should this study be indicative of the greater displaced population, aid agencies should consider how they might make better use of cash transfers as an aid modality. PMID:24601934

  8. Integrating Graphic Aids into Content Area Instruction: The Graphic Information Lesson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinking, David

    1986-01-01

    Considers the use of graphic aids with regard to readers' ability to integrate graphic with written information. Points out students' need for instructional activities that develop skills such as inference through information coordination of the graphic aid, text, and prior knowledge. Presents the three stages of the GIL. (JK)

  9. Federal Student Aid: Recent Changes to Eligibility Requirements and Additional Efforts to Promote Awareness Could Increase Academic Competitiveness and SMART Grant Participation. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-09-343

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Academic Competitiveness (AC) and National Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (SMART) Grants were established by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. The grants provide merit-based financial aid to certain low-income college students eligible for Federal Pell Grants and are administered by the Department of Education (Education).…

  10. 45 CFR 205.58 - Income and eligibility information; specific agreements required between the State agency and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-PUBLIC... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Income and eligibility information;...

  11. 20 CFR 416.1835 - Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of marriage after you become eligible for SSI. 416.1835 Section 416.1835 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... Considered Your Spouse § 416.1835 Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become...) Evidence of end of marriage—(1) Death. We will accept your statement that your husband or wife died...

  12. 45 CFR 205.57 - Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests....57 Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information. A State... State agency will maintain a file which is machine readable, i.e., which is maintained in a fashion...

  13. 45 CFR 205.57 - Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests....57 Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information. A State... State agency will maintain a file which is machine readable, i.e., which is maintained in a fashion...

  14. 45 CFR 205.57 - Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests....57 Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information. A State... State agency will maintain a file which is machine readable, i.e., which is maintained in a fashion...

  15. 45 CFR 205.57 - Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests....57 Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information. A State... State agency will maintain a file which is machine readable, i.e., which is maintained in a fashion...

  16. 45 CFR 205.57 - Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests....57 Maintenance of a machine readable file; requests for income and eligibility information. A State... State agency will maintain a file which is machine readable, i.e., which is maintained in a fashion...

  17. 20 CFR 416.1835 - Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... of marriage after you become eligible for SSI. 416.1835 Section 416.1835 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... Considered Your Spouse § 416.1835 Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become...) Evidence of end of marriage—(1) Death. We will accept your statement that your husband or wife died...

  18. 20 CFR 416.1835 - Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... of marriage after you become eligible for SSI. 416.1835 Section 416.1835 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... Considered Your Spouse § 416.1835 Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become...) Evidence of end of marriage—(1) Death. We will accept your statement that your husband or wife died...

  19. 20 CFR 416.1835 - Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become eligible for SSI.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of marriage after you become eligible for SSI. 416.1835 Section 416.1835 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL... Considered Your Spouse § 416.1835 Information we need about separation or end of marriage after you become...) Evidence of end of marriage—(1) Death. We will accept your statement that your husband or wife died...

  20. Counselors and Mentors Handbook on Federal Student Aid: A Guide for Those Advising Students about Financial Aid for Postsecondary Education. 2009-10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Many students are unaware that they might be eligible for financial aid to attend college or trade school. High school, TRIO, and GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) counselors are an important source of information about financial aid from private, school, state, and federal student aid programs. This…

  1. Aids to English Language Teaching: Information Guide No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This is an annotated guide to English language instructional materials useful for both native and non-native speakers of English at primary and secondary levels. Materials relate to and are available in Great Britain; prices and addresses of publishers and suppliers are included. The sections cover: (1) Visual aids specifically designed for…

  2. HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Related Behaviors, and Sources of Information among Korean Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoo, Hyera; Lee, Sun Hae; Kwon, Bo Eun; Chung, Sulki; Kim, Sanghee

    2005-01-01

    To examine HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, related behaviors, and sources of HIV/AIDS information among high school-aged students in South Korea. One thousand and seventy-seven students (586 females and 491 males) from 5 high schools from 5 representative school districts participated in the survey. A self-administered questionnaire measuring…

  3. Looking for Student Aid: Federal, State, and Other Sources of Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This brochure contains information about finding federal, state, and other sources of information about student financial aid for college. The brochure advises that most of the information private college scholarship search companies provide can be obtained for free elsewhere. Students should ensure that they are not paying for free information,…

  4. AIDS information on the Internet (Part 1 of 2).

    PubMed

    Critical Path intends to offer free Internet access to Critical Path BBS users in the Philadelphia area. Service providers and individuals will be able to search AIDS-related National Library of Medicine and Clinical Path databases, and will be able to engage in discussions with others in remote cities. An outline of the features and uses of various applications, such as Usenet Newsgroups, Telnet, and File Transfer Protocol (FTP), is included. PMID:11362159

  5. The neglected topic: presentation of cost information in patient decision AIDS.

    PubMed

    Blumenthal-Barby, J S; Robinson, Emily; Cantor, Scott B; Naik, Aanand D; Russell, Heidi Voelker; Volk, Robert J

    2015-05-01

    Costs are an important component of patients' decision making, but a comparatively underemphasized aspect of formal shared decision making. We hypothesized that decision aids also avoid discussion of costs, despite their being tools designed to facilitate shared decision making about patient-centered outcomes. We sought to define the frequency of cost-related information and identify the common modes of presenting cost and cost-related information in the 290 decision aids catalogued in the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute's Decision Aid Library Inventory (DALI) system. We found that 56% (n = 161) of the decision aids mentioned cost in some way, but only 13% (n = 37) gave a specific price or range of prices. We identified 9 different ways in which cost was mentioned. The most common approach was as a "pro" of one of the treatment options (e.g., "you avoid the cost of medication"). Of the 37 decision aids that gave specific prices or ranges of prices for treatment options, only 2 were about surgery decisions despite the fact that surgery decision aids were the most common. Our findings suggest that presentation of cost information in decision aids is highly variable. Evidence-based guidelines should be developed by the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration. PMID:25583552

  6. Star pattern recognition algorithm aided by inertial information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Bao; Wang, Ke-dong; Zhang, Chao

    2011-08-01

    Star pattern recognition is one of the key problems of the celestial navigation. The traditional star pattern recognition approaches, such as the triangle algorithm and the star angular distance algorithm, are a kind of all-sky matching method whose recognition speed is slow and recognition success rate is not high. Therefore, the real time and reliability of CNS (Celestial Navigation System) is reduced to some extent, especially for the maneuvering spacecraft. However, if the direction of the camera optical axis can be estimated by other navigation systems such as INS (Inertial Navigation System), the star pattern recognition can be fulfilled in the vicinity of the estimated direction of the optical axis. The benefits of the INS-aided star pattern recognition algorithm include at least the improved matching speed and the improved success rate. In this paper, the direction of the camera optical axis, the local matching sky, and the projection of stars on the image plane are estimated by the aiding of INS firstly. Then, the local star catalog for the star pattern recognition is established in real time dynamically. The star images extracted in the camera plane are matched in the local sky. Compared to the traditional all-sky star pattern recognition algorithms, the memory of storing the star catalog is reduced significantly. Finally, the INS-aided star pattern recognition algorithm is validated by simulations. The results of simulations show that the algorithm's computation time is reduced sharply and its matching success rate is improved greatly.

  7. 77 FR 48172 - Comment Request for Information Collection for the Reemployment and Eligibility Assessments (REA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... continuation of the collection of data about the reemployment and eligibility assessments report beyond the... performance in terms of service delivery, to better understand program dynamics, and to gather data to...

  8. Disclosure of children's free and reduced price meals and free milk eligibility information in the child nutrition programs. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2007-03-12

    This final rule establishes requirements for the disclosure of children's free and reduced price meals or free milk eligibility information under the Child Nutrition Programs. The Child Nutrition Programs include the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, Special Milk Program, Summer Food Service Program, and Child and Adult Care Food Program. Within certain limitations, children's free and reduced price meal or free milk eligibility information may be disclosed, without parental/guardian consent, to persons directly connected to certain education programs, health programs, means-tested nutrition programs, the Comptroller General of the United States, and some law enforcement officials. Additionally, officials also may disclose children's free and reduced price meal or free milk eligibility information to persons directly connected with State Medicaid (Medicaid) and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) when parents/guardians do not decline to have their information disclosed. These regulations affect State agencies and local program operators that administer the Child Nutrition Programs and households which apply for and/or are approved for free and reduced price meals or free milk. The final rule reflects the disclosure provisions of the Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act of 1994 and comments received on the proposed rule published in anticipation of implementing those provisions. Additionally, this final rule includes the regulatory disclosure provisions implementing the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 and comments received on the interim rule issued to implement those provisions. This final rule also implements nondiscretionary provisions of the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, allowing certain third party contractors access to children's eligibility status and will allow school officials to communicate with Medicaid and SCHIP officials to verify that children are eligible for free and reduced

  9. 77 FR 37892 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ... electronic debiting for individuals who have requested to have their defaulted federal education debt... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Electronic Debit Payment...

  10. 77 FR 28860 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Federal Perkins Loan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Federal Perkins Loan Program Master Promissory Note SUMMARY: The Federal Perkins Loan Master Promissory Note (MPN) provides the...

  11. 77 FR 51021 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Student Assistance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Student Assistance General... institutions to disclose the employment and placement rate, retention rate of first-time,...

  12. Evolution of information-driven HIV/AIDS policies in China

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Xinhua; Lu, Fan; Wu, Zunyou; Poundstone, Katharine; Zeng, Gang; Xu, Peng; Zhang, Dapeng; Liu, Kangmai; Liau, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Background As China continues to commit to universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care services, its HIV/AIDS policies have become increasingly information driven. We review China’s key national-level HIV/AIDS policies and discuss policy gaps and challenges ahead. Methods We conducted a desk review of key national-level policies that have had a major impact on China’s HIV/AIDS epidemic, and examined recent epidemiological data relevant to China’s HIV response. Results National-level policies that have had a major impact on China’s HIV/AIDS response include: ‘Four Frees and One Care’; 5-year action plans; and HIV/AIDS regulation. These landmark policies have facilitated massive scaling up of services over the past decade. For example, the number of drug users provided with methadone maintenance treatment significantly increased from 8116 in 2005 to 241 975 in 2009; almost a 30-fold increase. The ‘Four Frees and One Care’ policy has increased the number of people living with AIDS on anti-retroviral treatment from some 100 patients in 2003 to over 80 000 in 2009. However, stigma and discrimination remains major obstacles for people living with HIV/AIDS trying to access services. Conclusions China’s current national policies are increasingly information driven and responsive to changes in the epidemic. However, gaps remain in policy implementation, and new policies are needed to meet emerging challenges. PMID:21113036

  13. Internet-Based Health Information Consumer Skills Intervention for People Living with HIV/AIDS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalichman, Seth C.; Cherry, Charsey; Cain, Demetria; Pope, Howard; Kalichman, Moira; Eaton, Lisa; Weinhardt, Lance; Benotsch, Eric G.

    2006-01-01

    Medical information can improve health, and there is an enormous amount of health information available on the Internet. A randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of an intervention based on social-cognitive theory to improve information use among people living with HIV/AIDS. Men and women (N = 448) were placed in either (a) an…

  14. The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havik, Else M.; Kooijman, Aart C.; Steyvers, Frank J. J. M.

    2011-01-01

    The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants preferred a combination of route information and environmental information, even though this information…

  15. Information preferences and practices among people living with HIV/AIDS: results from a nationwide survey

    PubMed Central

    Hogan, Timothy P.; Palmer, Carole L.

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: This study was designed to reach many segments of the diverse HIV/AIDS community and broaden understanding of how information can better assist people living with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Data were collected through a self-administered mail survey distributed nationwide at clinics, drug treatment centers, and other AIDS service organizations. Results: The 662 respondents preferred getting information from people—including health professionals, family, and friends—and considered people the most trustworthy, useful, understandable, and available information sources. Forty-three percent selected doctors as their most preferred source. The Internet was not rated highly overall but was preferred by those with more education or living in metropolitan areas. Seventy-two percent said they actively search for HIV/AIDS-related information, and 80% said they give advice or tell others where to get such information. However, 71% agreed that it is easy to feel overwhelmed by information, and 31% agreed that not seeking information can be beneficial. Conclusions: Overall, information seeking is an important activity for this sample of people living with HIV/AIDS. Many sources are widely available to them but, together, can be overwhelming. They rely on health professionals far more than print or media sources and receive encouragement and support from family and friends. PMID:16239938

  16. AID to overcome the limitations of genomic information by introducing somatic DNA alterations

    PubMed Central

    Honjo, Tasuku; Muramatsu, Masamichi; Nagaoka, Hitoshi; Kinoshita, Kazuo; Shinkura, Reiko

    2006-01-01

    The immune system has adopted somatic DNA alterations to overcome the limitations of the genomic information. Activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is an essential enzyme to regulate class switch recombination (CSR), somatic hypermutation (SHM) and gene conversion (GC) of the immunoglobulin gene. AID is known to be required for DNA cleavage of S regions in CSR and V regions in SHM. However, its molecular mechanism is a focus of extensive debate. RNA editing hypothesis postulates that AID edits yet unknown mRNA, to generate specific endonucleases for CSR and SHM. By contrast, DNA deamination hypothesis assumes that AID deaminates cytosine in DNA, followed by DNA cleavage by base excision repair enzymes. We summarize the basic knowledge for molecular mechanisms for CSR and SHM and then discuss the importance of AID not only in the immune regulation but also in the genome instability. PMID:25873751

  17. Rényi entropy measure of noise-aided information transmission in a binary channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chapeau-Blondeau, François; Rousseau, David; Delahaies, Agnès

    2010-05-01

    This paper analyzes a binary channel by means of information measures based on the Rényi entropy. The analysis extends, and contains as a special case, the classic reference model of binary information transmission based on the Shannon entropy measure. The extended model is used to investigate further possibilities and properties of stochastic resonance or noise-aided information transmission. The results demonstrate that stochastic resonance occurs in the information channel and is registered by the Rényi entropy measures at any finite order, including the Shannon order. Furthermore, in definite conditions, when seeking the Rényi information measures that best exploit stochastic resonance, then nontrivial orders differing from the Shannon case usually emerge. In this way, through binary information transmission, stochastic resonance identifies optimal Rényi measures of information differing from the classic Shannon measure. A confrontation of the quantitative information measures with visual perception is also proposed in an experiment of noise-aided binary image transmission.

  18. Sampling and analysis information aids for stationary source personnel

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, M.D.; Johnson, L.D.

    1994-12-31

    The Environmental Protection Agency, in developing and evaluating samples and analysis methodology for stationary sources, has compiled information on availability and applicability of sampling and analytical methods. Information has also been summarized on the applicability of the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry as the analytical method. All of this information is accessible in three documents: ``Stationary Source Sampling and Analysis Directory, Version 2`` (SSSADIR), ``Handbook of GC/MS Data and Information for Selected Clean Air Act Amendments Compounds`` (Handbook), and ``Literature Review of CAAA Compounds`` (LitRev). The SSSADIR has information on which sampling and analytical methods to use for organic compounds listed in Title 3 of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990, as well as Appendices 8 and 9 of RCRA compounds, and the status of method evaluation for these analytes. The Handbook provides information on the mass spectra of selected CAAA analytes, primary quantitation ions, relative retention times and compatibility of the organic compounds in solution. The LitRev provides information on CAAA compounds for which EPA has no potential methods available but provides suggestions on ways to develop methods.

  19. HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine-STOP

    SciTech Connect

    Templin-Branner, W. and N. Dancy

    2010-06-15

    The HIV/AIDS Information Resources from the National Library of Medicine training is designed specifically for the UNCFSP HBCU Screening, Testing, Outreach, and Prevention (STOP) HIV/AIDS Program project members to provide valuable health information resources from the National Library of Medicine and other reliable sources to increase awareness of the wealth of treatment information and educational materials that are available on the Internet and to improve prevention and treatment education for their clients. These resources will also meet the needs of community-based organizations

  20. 77 FR 2088 - Information Collection Request for the ETA 9128, Reemployment and Eligibility Assessments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-13

    .... Background: Funds will be awarded to participating states in REA program year 2012 to continue the Reemployment and Eligibility Assessment (REA) initiative. The REA guidelines require that these funds be used to conduct in-person assessments in the One-Stop Career Centers. The REA must include an...

  1. Guia para estudiantes: Ayuda economica del Departamento de Educacion de los Estados Unidos, 2003-2004 (The Student Guide: Financial Aid from the U.S. Department of Education, 2003-2004).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This Spanish language publication explains what federal student financial aid is and the types of student financial aid that are available. The guide opens with an overview of federal student financial aid, and then discusses how to find out about student aid. A section of general information discusses eligibility and dependency. Types of federal…

  2. The Use of Graphs as Decision Aids in Relation to Information Overload and Managerial Decision Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Siu Y.

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of information overload focuses on a study of masters degree students at a Hong Kong university that investigated the effectiveness of graphs as decision aids to reduce adverse effects of information overload on decision quality. Results of a simulation of a business prediction task with a sample of business managers are presented.…

  3. 41 CFR 102-37.400 - What type of eligibility information must a SASP maintain on donees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What type of eligibility... Activities (SEAs), and Eligible Nonprofit Organizations Donee Eligibility § 102-37.400 What type of... your State plan to document donee eligibility (see appendix B of this part). For SEAs, you...

  4. Eligibility and EDI create new opportunities.

    PubMed

    Moynihan, J J; McLure, M L

    1998-01-01

    A growing number of providers and payers are using EDI to automate the eligibility verification process. Some have integrated EDI eligibility verification into their patient scheduling routine. Others find it makes sense to integrate EDI eligibility into the patient registration process. Switching to electronic processing of eligibility information can make more information available faster to the many people involved in eligibility data processing. However, business office staff will have to be better trained to interpret eligibility data. PMID:10175110

  5. Advances in website information resources to aid in clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Rioth, Matthew J; Osterman, Travis J; Warner, Jeremy L

    2015-01-01

    The World Wide Web, which has been widely implemented for roughly two decades, is humankind's most impressive effort to aggregate and organize knowledge to date. The medical community was slower to embrace the Internet than others, but the majority of clinicians now use it as part of their everyday practice. For the practicing oncologist, there is a daunting quantity of information to master. For example, a new article relating to cancer is added to the MEDLINE database approximately every 3 minutes. Fortunately, Internet resources can help organize the deluge of information into useful knowledge. This manuscript provides an overview of resources related to general medicine, oncology, and social media that will be of practical use to the practicing oncologist. It is clear from the vast size of the Internet that we are all life-long learners, and the challenge is to acquire "just-in-time" information so that we can provide the best possible care to our patients. The resources that we have presented in this article should help the practicing oncologist continue along the path of transforming information to knowledge to wisdom. PMID:25993230

  6. Local Policies for Reduction in Force. ERS Information Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Janet F.; Stemnock, Suzanne K.

    With declining enrollments and the tightening economy outdistancing the process of normal staff attrition, more and more administrators are faced with the painful process of informing professional employees that their services are no longer required. Higher education officials are taking steps to make student-teacher programs more competitive and…

  7. First Aid for Female Casualties of the Information Highway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redmond, Petrea

    2006-01-01

    Females are under-represented in education, training and employment in the area of Information Communication Technology (ICT). Research shows that girls are tuning out to ICTs in school and they have a low participation rate in ICT related tertiary study and employment. The Tech Savvy report by the American Association of University Women (2000)…

  8. South African HIV/AIDS programming overlooks migration, urban livelihoods, and informal workplaces.

    PubMed

    Vearey, Jo; Richter, Marlise; Núñez, Lorena; Moyo, Khangelani

    2011-01-01

    South Africa has the largest population of people living with HIV globally and is associated with high population mobility. The majority of migrants move in search of improved livelihood opportunities, and many who migrate (both internally and across borders) move into urban areas, often through peripheral informal settlements where HIV prevalence is shown to be double that of urban formal areas. While the relationship between migration and the spread of HIV is acknowledged as complex, the context of migration may place individuals at increased risk for acquiring HIV. Studies have demonstrated the long-wave impact of HIV and AIDS on livelihood activities and, more recently, on patterns of migration. Many migrants engage in livelihood strategies situated within the urban 'informal economy'; these informal workplaces are often overlooked in global and national legislation governing workplace responses to health and HIV and AIDS. This study draws on existing research and limited primary data to explore the implications of HIV/AIDS programming for diverse migrant groups labouring in informal workplaces in Johannesburg, South Africa. We describe three case studies: waste-pickers at a dumpsite in a peripheral urban informal settlement; barmen and cleaners working in inner-city hotels where sex is also sold; and, migrants engaged in informal livelihood activities who are also members of burial societies. Given the importance of varied informal livelihood activities for diverse migrant groups, particularly in urban areas of South Africa, we propose that the national HIV/AIDS response can and should engage with internal and cross-border migrants in informal workplaces - which is in line with the principle of universal access and will strengthen the national response. Especially, we point out the potential for burial societies to provide an entry point for HIV/AIDS programming that targets migrant groups involved in the informal economy of South African cities. PMID:25865514

  9. 28 CFR 17.44 - Access eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified Information § 17.44 Access eligibility. (a) Determinations of eligibility for access to classified information are separate from suitability determinations with respect...

  10. 28 CFR 17.44 - Access eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Access to Classified Information § 17.44 Access eligibility. (a) Determinations of eligibility for access to classified information are separate from suitability determinations with respect...

  11. Evaluation and Information in the Field of Technical Aids for Disabled Persons: An European Perspective. Monograph Number Thirty-Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedotti, Antonio, Ed.; Andrich, Renzo, Ed.

    The monograph provides information on evaluation of technical aids, wheelchairs, and computerized information systems for disabled persons. The first chapter provides a general overview of actions of the European Community concerning technical aids evaluation, information on the "Concerted Action" program called "Evaluation of Assistive Devices…

  12. 23 CFR 810.302 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligible projects. 810.302 Section 810.302 Highways... SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS Federal-Aid Urban System Nonhighway Public Mass Transit Projects § 810.302 Eligible projects. (a) Eligible projects are those defined as nonhighway public mass transit projects...

  13. 77 FR 43276 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct.... Ford Federal Direct Loan Program will use this form to request forbearance on their loans when they are... of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program General Forbearance Request. OMB...

  14. 77 FR 58818 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct... notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct...

  15. 77 FR 47374 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-08

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; William D. Ford Federal Direct... William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) and Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) Programs may... of Collection: William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program/Federal Family Loan...

  16. 47 CFR 68.415 - Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints. 68.415 Section 68.415 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK...

  17. 47 CFR 68.415 - Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hearing aid-compatibility and volume control informal complaints. 68.415 Section 68.415 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) CONNECTION OF TERMINAL EQUIPMENT TO THE TELEPHONE NETWORK...

  18. 77 FR 58817 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Federal Family...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Federal Family Educational Loan... technology. Please note that written comments received in response to this notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: Federal Family Educational Loan Program (FFEL)--Servicemembers Civil...

  19. 75 FR 38073 - Information Collection; Commodity Request (Food Aid Request Entry System (FARES))

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ...In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) and Farm Service Agency (FSA) are seeking comments from all interested individuals and organizations on an extension of a currently approved information collection for the Food Aid Request Entry System (FARES). FSA and CCC procure various processed foods and commodities to be exported and donated for......

  20. Building and Testing a Model To Disseminate AIDS Awareness Information: A Time Series Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holling, Michelle A.; Yun, Kimo Ah

    Young Chicanas/Latinas have a high risk of contracting HIV. However, their risk could be significantly reduced if information about AIDS and HIV is properly disseminated. Although some efforts have attempted to study the relationship between young populations and HIV, few studies have been conducted to study the relationship between…

  1. 77 FR 48507 - Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Foreign School Supplemental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ...The Foreign School Supplemental Application System (FS SAS) is designed as a bridge system that will allow foreign school administrators to enter information directly into the Electronic Application for Approval to Participate in Federal Student Aid Programs (e-App) system in a secure fashion and upload required...

  2. Determining the Navigational Aids Use on the Internet: The Information Technologies Teacher Candidates' Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuzu, Abdullah; Firat, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    The Internet users who fail to cope with navigation may generally face various problems such as disorientation, distraction, low motivation and abandonment of information retrieval. Therefore, navigational aids are frequently used in today's Web browsers and Web sites to help users navigate on the Internet. However, it is asserted that…

  3. Level of Interactivity of Videodisc Instruction on College Students' Recall of AIDS Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kritch, Kale M.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Two experiments confirmed the greater effectiveness of constructed-response interactive videodisc instruction when compared to a click-to-continue or passive viewing formats on posttest recall of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) information by 101 college students. The necessity of constructing answers appears to be an important factor…

  4. Considerations for Reaching the Latino Population with Sexuality and HIV/AIDS Information and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Vega, Ernesto

    1990-01-01

    Latino and Latina sexual attitudes and behaviors must be understood if educators and counselors hope to reach this population with effective sexuality and Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) information and education. The general U.S. Latino population is mostly sexually conservative; direct talk in public…

  5. Empowering Patients and Community Online: Evaluation of the AIDS Community Information Outreach Program

    PubMed Central

    Dancy-Scott, Nicole; Rockoff, Maxine L.; Dutcher, Gale A.; Keselman, Alla; Schnall, Rebecca; Siegel, Elliot R.; Bakken, Suzanne

    2016-01-01

    The AIDS Community Information Outreach Program (ACIOP) was created in 1994 to assist the affected community in utilizing electronic HIV/AIDS information resources. Nearly 300 competitive awards have been made to mostly community-based organizations. A formal evaluation was undertaken to determine the performance and impact of the ACIOP. A mixed methods design combined quantitative abstractions and summarization of 47 awardee final reports from 44 organizations, and qualitative telephone interviews with 17 individuals representing 20 projects. Findings revealed that project objectives were mostly met; high-risk populations were reached; low resource organizations were funded; community partnerships were significant; projects built on existing efforts; information resources and training were tailored to local needs; and most projects overcame barriers experienced. Needed modifications centered on: 1) enhancing evaluation capacity at the individual project level and 2) revising project reporting requirements to increase the amount of information available to assess the ACIOP; both have been implemented. PMID:27134323

  6. Tsallis entropy measure of noise-aided information transmission in a binary channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chapeau-Blondeau, François; Delahaies, Agnès; Rousseau, David

    2011-06-01

    Noise-aided information transmission via stochastic resonance is shown and analyzed in a binary channel by means of information measures based on the Tsallis entropy. The analysis extends the classic reference of binary information transmission based on the Shannon entropy, and also parallels a recent study based on the Rényi entropy. The conditions for a maximally pronounced stochastic resonance identify optimal Tsallis measures. The study involves a correspondence between Tsallis and Rényi information measures, specially relevant to the characterization of stochastic resonance, and establishing that for such effects identical properties are shared in common by both Tsallis and Rényi measures.

  7. AIDS information on the Internet (Part 2): Critical Path Internet services.

    PubMed

    Bauer, R

    1996-01-01

    World Wide Web technology on the Internet provides a cost-effective means for reaching AIDS service providers and researchers across the world. It provides a means for obtaining and disseminating information worldwide in a time-sensitive environment. However, because of cost restrictions, many underserved communities have not been able to tap into this resource. Thus, Critical Path AIDS Project has developed its own infrastructure for accessing this vast information highway. Critical Path AIDS Project has created a service that provides access through their own organization as an Internet service provider, networking software to connect to the Internet, and offering applications programs for accessing resources on remote computers. The service is free of charge to individuals in the Philadelphia region so as to reach the underserved communities who also require HIV/AIDS information and resources. The services include direct Internet access, remote login access, file transfer, resource location, electronic mail, mailing lists, Usenet News, conferencing, and access to the World Wide Web. PMID:11363830

  8. Finding health and AIDS information in the mass media: an exploratory study among Chinese college students.

    PubMed

    Walsh-Childers, K; Treise, D; Swain, K A; Dai, S

    1997-12-01

    Western health officials believe the incidence of HIV infection in the People's Republic of China is much higher than has been reported, but knowledge about the disease remains low. This paper describes a preliminary study of Chinese college students' AIDS knowledge and beliefs and of the acceptability of mass media for AIDS education. Focus group interviews of 73 Xiamen University students showed that the students used radio more consistently than any other media and viewed magazines as the best media source of health information. However, they expressed a general distrust of the health information media offer. They possessed quite a bit of accurate information about AIDS but also harbored many inaccurate beliefs. Most felt that their personal risk from AIDS was very low because they felt distanced--either geographically or morally--from those at risk. Disturbing numbers felt that fate, not individual behavior, determines whether or not a person contracts HIV. The paper discusses the study's implications for future research. PMID:9451483

  9. 78 FR 45516 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Foreign Schools Eligibility Criteria...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... Participate in Title IV HEA Programs AGENCY: Department of Education (ED), Federal Student Aid (FSA). ACTION... Criteria Apply to Participate in Title IV HEA Programs OMB Control Number: 1845-0105 Type of Review: An... in Title IV programs under the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. There has been no change...

  10. Balancing the presentation of information and options in patient decision aids: an updated review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Standards for patient decision aids require that information and options be presented in a balanced manner; this requirement is based on the argument that balanced presentation is essential to foster informed decision making. If information is presented in an incomplete/non-neutral manner, it can stimulate cognitive biases that can unduly affect individuals’ knowledge, perceptions of risks and benefits, and, ultimately, preferences. However, there is little clarity about what constitutes balance, and how it can be determined and enhanced. We conducted a literature review to examine the theoretical and empirical evidence related to balancing the presentation of information and options. Methods A literature search related to patient decision aids and balance was conducted on Medline, using MeSH terms and PubMed; this search supplemented the 2011 Cochrane Collaboration’s review of patient decision aids trials. Only English language articles relevant to patient decision making and addressing the balance of information and options were included. All members of the team independently screened clusters of articles; uncertainties were resolved by seeking review by another member. The team then worked in sub-groups to extract and synthesise data on theory, definitions, and evidence reported in these studies. Results A total of 40 articles met the inclusion criteria. Of these, six explained the rationale for balancing the presentation of information and options. Twelve defined “balance”; the definition of “balance” that emerged is as follows: “The complete and unbiased presentation of the relevant options and the information about those options—in content and in format—in a way that enables individuals to process this information without bias”. Ten of the 40 articles reported assessing the balance of the relevant decision aid. All 10 did so exclusively from the users’ or patients’ perspective, using a five-point Likert-type scale

  11. Eligibility Requirements

    MedlinePlus

    ... Home > Donating Blood > Eligibility Requirements Printable Version Eligibility Requirements This page uses Javascript. Your browser either doesn' ... donors » Weigh at least 110 lbs. Additional weight requirements apply for donors 18-years-old and younger ...

  12. Seeking information about HIV/AIDS: a qualitative study of health literacy among people living with HIV/AIDS in a low prevalence context.

    PubMed

    Zukoski, Ann P; Thorburn, Sheryl; Stroud, Josh

    2011-11-01

    People living with HIV/AIDS in rural and low HIV prevalence areas face a number of challenges including stigma, limited access to specialized medical care, lack of an HIV/AIDS specialist and fear which may interfere with their ability to find and use information to manage their health. With a large number of HIV cases located in non-metropolitan and rural areas in the US, more research is needed to better understand the health seeking behaviors of individuals living in this context. This study examined how 16 individuals living with HIV sought out information to meet their health needs. In qualitative semi-structured interviews, we explored participants' primary sources of information, types of information sought, and barriers to accessing information. The sample was comprised of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who resided in a predominantly rural area with low HIV prevalence. The majority of participants relied on a combination of sources including their HIV/AIDS physician, the Internet, a Ryan-White caseworker and a staff member of a community-based support organization to meet their informational needs. Information sought focused primarily on drug regimens, drug side effects, or drug research. Participants shared barriers to accessing information including stigma, fear, concern about disclosure, and feelings of futility and anger. Findings point to a need to expand health literacy research and interventions to address broader social and structural barriers to health improvement for PLWHA, especially among those living in rural and low HIV prevalence areas. PMID:22022854

  13. Genalogical approaches to ethical implications of informational assimilative integrated discovery systems (AIDS) in business

    SciTech Connect

    Pharhizgar, K.D.; Lunce, S.E.

    1994-12-31

    Development of knowledge-based technological acquisition techniques and customers` information profiles are known as assimilative integrated discovery systems (AIDS) in modern organizations. These systems have access through processing to both deep and broad domains of information in modern societies. Through these systems organizations and individuals can predict future trend probabilities and events concerning their customers. AIDSs are new techniques which produce new information which informants can use without the help of the knowledge sources because of the existence of highly sophisticated computerized networks. This paper has analyzed the danger and side effects of misuse of information through the illegal, unethical and immoral access to the data-base in an integrated and assimilative information system as described above. Cognivistic mapping, pragmatistic informational design gathering, and holistic classifiable and distributive techniques are potentially abusive systems whose outputs can be easily misused by businesses when researching the firm`s customers.

  14. Rényi entropy measure of noise-aided information transmission in a binary channel.

    PubMed

    Chapeau-Blondeau, François; Rousseau, David; Delahaies, Agnès

    2010-05-01

    This paper analyzes a binary channel by means of information measures based on the Rényi entropy. The analysis extends, and contains as a special case, the classic reference model of binary information transmission based on the Shannon entropy measure. The extended model is used to investigate further possibilities and properties of stochastic resonance or noise-aided information transmission. The results demonstrate that stochastic resonance occurs in the information channel and is registered by the Rényi entropy measures at any finite order, including the Shannon order. Furthermore, in definite conditions, when seeking the Rényi information measures that best exploit stochastic resonance, then nontrivial orders differing from the Shannon case usually emerge. In this way, through binary information transmission, stochastic resonance identifies optimal Rényi measures of information differing from the classic Shannon measure. A confrontation of the quantitative information measures with visual perception is also proposed in an experiment of noise-aided binary image transmission. PMID:20866190

  15. Perception of reliability of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS information sources.

    PubMed Central

    Essien, E. J.; Ross, M. W.; Linares, A. C.; Osemene, N. I.

    2000-01-01

    The sources of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS information as well as the perception of reliability of information from these sources may have a significant impact on the effectiveness of HIV risk reduction messages in reaching high risk populations. We examined the sources of HIV information and the perception of reliability of information from these sources among African Americans (n = 441), Hispanic Americans (n = 456), and whites (n = 297), in Houston, Texas. The data revealed that African Americans and Hispanics were most likely to receive their HIV/AIDS information from the "media" compared with whites who received most of their information from "government agencies and professionals." Information from "family, friends and schools" were regarded as the least reliable by respondents from all three ethnic groups. The data also showed that perceptions of reliability of information sources were influenced by level of educational attainment. Implications for designing target audience-specific intervention strategies for the prevention of the spread of HIV disease are discussed. PMID:10918761

  16. Erotized, AIDS-HIV Information in Court: A Study in State Censorship, Cultural Resistance, and First Amendment Issues Affecting Information Delivery in Information Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukenbill, W. Bernard

    This study analyzes court records of a county-level trial in Austin, Texas, in which erotized AIDS-HIV safer-sex information shown on a public access cable television program was claimed by the State of Texas to be obscene. This trial raised questions regarding such issues as: free access to information, especially through new technological…

  17. Credibility of information from official sources on HIV/AIDS transmission.

    PubMed Central

    Guttman, N; Boccher-Lattimore, D; Salmon, C T

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors analyzed data from the 1991 National Planning Survey to (a) assess respondents' awareness of three official sources of information about HIV/AIDS (CDC, the Surgeon General, and state health departments); (b) assess respondents' perceptions of the reliability of these sources; and (c) compare respondents' personal beliefs about HIV transmission with their beliefs regarding the experts' view. METHODS: The authors conducted a secondary analysis of the responses of the 1622 survey participants who gave complete information. RESULTS: People with more years of formal education were more likely to have heard of the CDC and the Surgeon General. The CDC was given the highest overall reliability rating, followed by the Surgeon General and then state health departments. Transmission of HIV/AIDS by various modes of casual contact was perceived more likely among those who gave the CDC lower reliability ratings. However, regardless of their perceptions of the reliability of the CDC as a source of HIV/AIDS information, many respondents believed the probability of transmission by casual contact more likely than they believed experts said it was. CONCLUSIONS: The discrepancy found between what people believe about health risks and what they think experts believe has important implications for the design of effective health information campaigns and for the design of questionnaire items that aim to assess people's "knowledge" and "attitudes" regarding sensitive health topics. PMID:9769772

  18. The Accessibility, Usability, and Reliability of Chinese Web-Based Information on HIV/AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Niu, Lu; Luo, Dan; Liu, Ying; Xiao, Shuiyuan

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The present study was designed to assess the quality of Chinese-language Internet-based information on HIV/AIDS. Methods: We entered the following search terms, in Chinese, into Baidu and Sogou: “HIV/AIDS”, “symptoms”, and “treatment”, and evaluated the first 50 hits of each query using the Minervation validation instrument (LIDA tool) and DISCERN instrument. Results: Of the 900 hits identified, 85 websites were included in this study. The overall score of the LIDA tool was 63.7%; the mean score of accessibility, usability, and reliability was 82.2%, 71.5%, and 27.3%, respectively. Of the top 15 sites according to the LIDA score, the mean DISCERN score was calculated at 43.1 (95% confidence intervals (CI) = 37.7–49.5). Noncommercial websites showed higher DISCERN scores than commercial websites; whereas commercial websites were more likely to be found in the first 20 links obtained from each search engine than the noncommercial websites. Conclusions: In general, the HIV/AIDS related Chinese-language websites have poor reliability, although their accessibility and usability are fair. In addition, the treatment information presented on Chinese-language websites is far from sufficient. There is an imperative need for professionals and specialized institutes to improve the comprehensiveness of web-based information related to HIV/AIDS. PMID:27556475

  19. 75 FR 3540 - Agency Information Collection (Health Eligibility Center (HEC) New Enrollee Survey) Activity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... collection of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and...)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service..., Enterprise Records Service. BILLING CODE 8320-01-P...

  20. AIDS:Information on Global Dimensions and Possible Impacts. Fact Sheet to the Honorable Jesse Helms, U.S. Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    Information is provided on the impact of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) on world population and demographics and the likely effects of AIDS on Zaire. The views of United States and World Health Organization (WHO) officials were obtained on regional differences in the incidence and natural…

  1. 76 FR 40451 - Agency Information Collection (Request for a Certificate of Eligibility) Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment... any correspondence FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B... direction of the Secretary. Denise McLamb, Program Analyst, Enterprise Records Service. BILLING CODE...

  2. 25 CFR 558.4 - Notice of information impacting eligibility and licensee's right to a hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... THE INTERIOR GAMING LICENSES AND BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND PRIMARY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS GAMING LICENSES FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND PRIMARY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS § 558.4 Notice of information... Commission receives reliable information indicating that a key employee or a primary management official...

  3. 25 CFR 558.4 - Notice of information impacting eligibility and licensee's right to a hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... THE INTERIOR GAMING LICENSES AND BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND PRIMARY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS GAMING LICENSES FOR KEY EMPLOYEES AND PRIMARY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS § 558.4 Notice of information... Commission receives reliable information indicating that a key employee or a primary management official...

  4. 77 FR 50710 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Employment Eligibility Verification, Form I-9, OMB...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... information collection was previously published in the Federal Register on March 27, 2012, at 77 FR 18256... submitted via the Federal eRulemaking Portal Web site at http://www.regulations.gov under e- Docket ID... instructions, or additional information, please visit the Federal eRulemaking Portal Web site at:...

  5. 34 CFR 222.16 - What information and documentation must an LEA submit for an eligible overpayment to be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? 222.16 Section 222.16 Education... submit for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? (a) Every LEA requesting forgiveness... documentation for the fiscal year immediately preceding the date of the forgiveness request (“preceding...

  6. 34 CFR 222.16 - What information and documentation must an LEA submit for an eligible overpayment to be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? 222.16 Section 222.16 Education... submit for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? (a) Every LEA requesting forgiveness... documentation for the fiscal year immediately preceding the date of the forgiveness request (“preceding...

  7. 34 CFR 222.16 - What information and documentation must an LEA submit for an eligible overpayment to be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? 222.16 Section 222.16 Education... submit for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? (a) Every LEA requesting forgiveness... documentation for the fiscal year immediately preceding the date of the forgiveness request (“preceding...

  8. 34 CFR 222.16 - What information and documentation must an LEA submit for an eligible overpayment to be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? 222.16 Section 222.16 Education... submit for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? (a) Every LEA requesting forgiveness... documentation for the fiscal year immediately preceding the date of the forgiveness request (“preceding...

  9. 34 CFR 222.16 - What information and documentation must an LEA submit for an eligible overpayment to be...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? 222.16 Section 222.16 Education... submit for an eligible overpayment to be considered for forgiveness? (a) Every LEA requesting forgiveness... documentation for the fiscal year immediately preceding the date of the forgiveness request (“preceding...

  10. Development of a decision aid to inform patients’ and families’ renal replacement therapy selection decisions

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Few educational resources have been developed to inform patients’ renal replacement therapy (RRT) selection decisions. Patients progressing toward end stage renal disease (ESRD) must decide among multiple treatment options with varying characteristics. Complex information about treatments must be adequately conveyed to patients with different educational backgrounds and informational needs. Decisions about treatment options also require family input, as families often participate in patients’ treatment and support patients’ decisions. We describe the development, design, and preliminary evaluation of an informational, evidence-based, and patient-and family-centered decision aid for patients with ESRD and varying levels of health literacy, health numeracy, and cognitive function. Methods We designed a decision aid comprising a complementary video and informational handbook. We based our development process on data previously obtained from qualitative focus groups and systematic literature reviews. We simultaneously developed the video and handbook in “stages.” For the video, stages included (1) directed interviews with culturally appropriate patients and families and preliminary script development, (2) video production, and (3) screening the video with patients and their families. For the handbook, stages comprised (1) preliminary content design, (2) a mixed-methods pilot study among diverse patients to assess comprehension of handbook material, and (3) screening the handbook with patients and their families. Results The video and handbook both addressed potential benefits and trade-offs of treatment selections. The 50-minute video consisted of demographically diverse patients and their families describing their positive and negative experiences with selecting a treatment option. The video also incorporated health professionals’ testimonials regarding various considerations that might influence patients’ and families’ treatment selections

  11. An Opportunity to Get More Aid to Florida Students. Information Brief. Volume 7, Issue 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida Board of Governors, State University System, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Estimates indicate that more than one in five low-income State University System undergraduates may not be applying for federal Pell grants and other need-based awards for which they are likely eligible. It is estimated that thousands of Florida students with family incomes of $40,000 or less are probably eligible but are not applying for…

  12. 7 CFR 2903.3 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM General Information § 2903.3 Eligibility. (a) Eligibility is... knowledge of biodiesel fuel production, use, or distribution and the ability to conduct educational...

  13. 7 CFR 1220.618 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.618 Eligibility. (a) Eligible... group interest. A group of individuals, such as members of a family, joint tenants, tenants in common,...

  14. 7 CFR 2903.3 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM General Information § 2903.3 Eligibility. (a) Eligibility is... knowledge of biodiesel fuel production, use, or distribution and the ability to conduct educational...

  15. 7 CFR 2903.3 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM General Information § 2903.3 Eligibility. (a) Eligibility is... knowledge of biodiesel fuel production, use, or distribution and the ability to conduct educational...

  16. 7 CFR 2903.3 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM General Information § 2903.3 Eligibility. (a) Eligibility is... knowledge of biodiesel fuel production, use, or distribution and the ability to conduct educational...

  17. 7 CFR 2903.3 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE BIODIESEL FUEL EDUCATION PROGRAM General Information § 2903.3 Eligibility. (a) Eligibility is... knowledge of biodiesel fuel production, use, or distribution and the ability to conduct educational...

  18. Paradoxical payoffs: migrant women, informal sector work, and HIV/AIDS in South Africa.

    PubMed

    Singh, Gayatri

    2007-01-01

    In post-apartheid South Africa, there has been a significant rise in women's out-migration from rural areas and across its territorial borders for economic purposes resulting in gender reconfiguration of migration streams. Alongside, there has been a simultaneous increase in the participation of women in the labor force. However, this has mostly grown in the informal sector,1 which is often associated with low earnings and insecure working conditions. One consequence has been the increasing reliance of migrant women on survivalist activities such as informal sexual exchanges that increase their risk of contracting HIV infection. Insecure working environments also expose migrant women to sexual abuses. This article is based on the author's work in South Africa's major urban centers and examines the nature of the relationship between the increased migration of black African women in South Africa, the nature of their work, and their resultant vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. PMID:17434860

  19. HIV/AIDS-related stigma and information behaviour: an ethnographic study in the UK.

    PubMed

    Namuleme, Robinah Kalemeera

    2015-03-01

    This feature explores the information behaviour of people infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS. It investigates specifically the difficult issue of stigma and how this shapes the ways in which people interact with vital information. The study adopted an ethnographic whereby the researcher worked as a part-time volunteer at an HIV support centre in the North of England for over a year. This is the first time that such an approach has been reported in this feature and is interesting from this perspective alone. The very rich data which was gathered as a result of the approach is also instructive. The study formed part of a PhD thesis, which Robinah Kalemeera Namuleme completed at the University of Sheffield in March 2013. PMID:25684027

  20. 23 CFR 810.302 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS Federal-Aid Urban System Nonhighway Public Mass Transit Projects § 810.302 Eligible projects. (a) Eligible projects are those defined as nonhighway public mass transit projects...

  1. 23 CFR 810.302 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS Federal-Aid Urban System Nonhighway Public Mass Transit Projects § 810.302 Eligible projects. (a) Eligible projects are those defined as nonhighway public mass transit projects...

  2. 23 CFR 810.302 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS Federal-Aid Urban System Nonhighway Public Mass Transit Projects § 810.302 Eligible projects. (a) Eligible projects are those defined as nonhighway public mass transit projects...

  3. 23 CFR 810.302 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION MASS TRANSIT AND SPECIAL USE HIGHWAY PROJECTS Federal-Aid Urban System Nonhighway Public Mass Transit Projects § 810.302 Eligible projects. (a) Eligible projects are those defined as nonhighway public mass transit projects...

  4. 14 CFR 151.39 - Project eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Project eligibility. 151.39 Section 151.39... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.39 Project eligibility. (a) A project for construction or land acquisition may not be approved under subparts B and C...

  5. 23 CFR 650.405 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... provisions of 23 CFR part 625, Design Standards for Federal-aid Highways, for the class of highway on which... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligible projects. 650.405 Section 650.405 Highways..., STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.405 Eligible...

  6. 14 CFR 151.39 - Project eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Project eligibility. 151.39 Section 151.39... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.39 Project eligibility. (a) A project for construction or land acquisition may not be approved under subparts B and C...

  7. 14 CFR 151.39 - Project eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Project eligibility. 151.39 Section 151.39... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.39 Project eligibility. (a) A project for construction or land acquisition may not be approved under subparts B and C...

  8. 14 CFR 151.39 - Project eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Project eligibility. 151.39 Section 151.39... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.39 Project eligibility. (a) A project for construction or land acquisition may not be approved under subparts B and C...

  9. 14 CFR 151.39 - Project eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Project eligibility. 151.39 Section 151.39... FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Rules and Procedures for Airport Development Projects § 151.39 Project eligibility. (a) A project for construction or land acquisition may not be approved under subparts B and C...

  10. 23 CFR 630.703 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility. 630.703 Section 630.703 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS PRECONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES Advance Construction of Federal-Aid Projects § 630.703 Eligibility. (a) The State Department...

  11. [Information, attitudes, perceptions, and symbolic representations of AIDS risk and prevention among poor adolescents in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Merchán-Hamann, E

    1995-01-01

    Four hundred and sixteen poor adolescents of both sexes in Rio de Janeiro were interviewed to study both their level of information and symbolic representations concerning AIDS risk and prevention. The most common source of information on HIV/AIDS was the mass media, particularly television broadcasts. There were doubts and lack of trust regarding official government information on HIV/AIDS. Nearly 70% of the adolescents interviewed believe in HIV transmission through mosquito bites and some 40% through casual contact with wounds or scars or sharing of bathroom utensils. Men seemed to show a greater awareness and autonomy vis- -vis taking initiatives in sex encounters. Attitudes of segregation and exclusion of people with AIDS persist. Lack of prevention was attributed to the impossibility of predicting sexual encounters. The study of symbolic aspects concerning causes of HIV/AIDS displayed broad variability: 80% of the interviewees associated AIDS with excesses in sexual behavior and 40% with homosexual practices. Causal images vary from the predominant view of AIDS as unfair punishment to the less frequent stance considering AIDS as fair punishment (due to sinful behavior). An ambiguous attitude towards transgression (taking as its sterotype the figure of Rio's "malandro", or "streetwise dude") may influence perception of risk and prevention. The paper calls attention to the need for implementing clearer and more direct educational programs. This could be useful for the implementation of culturally sensitive control measures through a reshaping of AIDS symbols. The author recommends a better understanding of the social and economic determinants of disease and reinforcement of the kinds of discourse which empower and raise the self-esteem of poor adolescents by endorsing their civil rights. PMID:12973626

  12. Medicaid Eligibility

    MedlinePlus

    ... and children, and individuals receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are examples of mandatory eligibility groups . States have ... the income methodologies of the supplemental security income (SSI) program administered by the Social Security Administration (some ...

  13. 76 FR 58565 - Proposed Information Collection (Exam for Housebound Status or Permanent Need for Regular Aid and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Exam for Housebound Status or Permanent Need for Regular Aid and... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Exam for Housebound Status...

  14. Early & Often: Designing a Comprehensive System of Financial Aid Information. A Report of the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Students and parents need ample time and accurate information to prepare for the financial burden of a college education--those who lack this knowledge base face a significant access barrier to higher education. This problem can be countered by the delivery of comprehensive, integrated financial aid information, an approach identified by the…

  15. 22 CFR 221.22 - No acceleration of Eligible Notes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false No acceleration of Eligible Notes. 221.22... AND CONDITIONS Procedure for Obtaining Compensation § 221.22 No acceleration of Eligible Notes. Eligible Notes shall not be subject to acceleration by A.I.D., the Noteholder or any other party....

  16. 22 CFR 221.22 - No acceleration of Eligible Notes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false No acceleration of Eligible Notes. 221.22... AND CONDITIONS Procedure for Obtaining Compensation § 221.22 No acceleration of Eligible Notes. Eligible Notes shall not be subject to acceleration by A.I.D., the Noteholder or any other party....

  17. 22 CFR 221.22 - No acceleration of Eligible Notes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false No acceleration of Eligible Notes. 221.22... AND CONDITIONS Procedure for Obtaining Compensation § 221.22 No acceleration of Eligible Notes. Eligible Notes shall not be subject to acceleration by A.I.D., the Noteholder or any other party....

  18. 22 CFR 221.22 - No acceleration of Eligible Notes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false No acceleration of Eligible Notes. 221.22... AND CONDITIONS Procedure for Obtaining Compensation § 221.22 No acceleration of Eligible Notes. Eligible Notes shall not be subject to acceleration by A.I.D., the Noteholder or any other party....

  19. 22 CFR 221.22 - No acceleration of Eligible Notes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false No acceleration of Eligible Notes. 221.22... AND CONDITIONS Procedure for Obtaining Compensation § 221.22 No acceleration of Eligible Notes. Eligible Notes shall not be subject to acceleration by A.I.D., the Noteholder or any other party....

  20. Genes are information, so information theory is coming to the aid of evolutionary biology.

    PubMed

    Sherwin, William B

    2015-11-01

    Speciation is central to evolutionary biology, and to elucidate it, we need to catch the early genetic changes that set nascent taxa on their path to species status (Via 2009). That challenge is difficult, of course, for two chief reasons: (i) serendipity is required to catch speciation in the act; and (ii) after a short time span with lingering gene flow, differentiation may be low and/or embodied only in rare alleles that are difficult to sample. In this issue of Molecular Ecology Resources, Smouse et al. (2015) have noted that optimal assessment of differentiation within and between nascent species should be robust to these challenges, and they identified a measure based on Shannon's information theory that has many advantages for this and numerous other tasks. The Shannon measure exhibits complete additivity of information at different levels of subdivision. Of all the family of diversity measures ('0' or allele counts, '1' or Shannon, '2' or heterozygosity, F(ST) and related metrics) Shannon's measure comes closest to weighting alleles by their frequencies. For the Shannon measure, rare alleles that represent early signals of nascent speciation are neither down-weighted to the point of irrelevance, as for level 2 measures, nor up-weighted to overpowering importance, as for level 0 measures (Chao et al. 2010, )2015. Shannon measures have a long history in population genetics, dating back to Shannon's PhD thesis in 1940 (Crow 2001), but have received only sporadic attention, until a resurgence of interest in the last ten years, as reviewed briefly by Smouse et al. (2015). PMID:26452559

  1. Basic plan and assessment of an information system designed to aid patient transfer.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, M; Sano, M

    1987-01-01

    One of the important assignments in the planning of community medical care is to find an effective way of implementing the sharing of facilities together with their coordination. In particular, the establishment of a smooth and effective system co-ordinating facilities and functions of medical organizations, comprising clinics and hospitals of various levels, and the installation of an information system, designed to provide positive assistance in information control as well as in its operation, should be undertaken urgently. In this paper, we discuss the patient-transfer system, which is one of the facility-co-ordination-system for medical organizations, from the point of view of total community medical care. Specifically we describe the purpose, features and total structure of the patient-transfer system, and discuss the basic plan for an information system designed to aid patient transfer, from information control together with an advance assessment from the system-engineering point of view. This research has been promoted by the Aichi Medical Association committee for medical care system. The proposed system is planned to be operational in the near future. PMID:3441155

  2. Question box: a tool for gathering information about HIV and AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Kazembe, Abigail

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies on knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention have used surveys. This study used the question box method to create a safe environment for collecting information on knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention. The aim was to encourage young people to ask questions about HIV, which they would otherwise not ask because of fear of being judged negatively, ridiculed, punished or stigmatized. Seven question boxes were placed at each community secondary school in Lilongwe Rural West District of Malawi. In total participants asked 394 questions. Six categories of questions emerged and included: general questions about HIV, sexual practices, perinatal transmission, other modes of transmission, contact/sharing items and prevention and condom use. The question box method created a safe environment for asking sensitive questions anonymously about HIV and AIDS. PMID:21785661

  3. A system for evaluating the use of media in CDC's National AIDS Information and Education Program.

    PubMed Central

    Salmon, C T; Jason, J

    1991-01-01

    The National AIDS Information and Education Program (NAIEP) commissioned the National Academy of Sciences to design a prototypical system of research for use in the evaluation of the agency's media campaign. It consists of four types of evaluation: formative, efficacy, process, and outcome. These types of evaluations are used to answer such questions as the following: What message strategies will work best? Can a campaign under optimal conditions be expected to make a difference? What interventions are actually delivered during the campaign? Has the campaign actually had an impact? How NAIEP has used the system and adapted it during 1 year of research activities is outlined, and examples from a variety of other social marketing programs are described. PMID:1659710

  4. Values clarification in a decision aid about fertility preservation: does it add to information provision?

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background We aimed to evaluate the effect of a decision aid (DA) with information only compared to a DA with values clarification exercise (VCE), and to study the role of personality and information seeking style in DA-use, decisional conflict (DC) and knowledge. Methods Two scenario-based experiments were conducted with two different groups of healthy female participants. Dependent measures were: DC, knowledge, and DA-use (time spent, pages viewed, VCE used). Respondents were randomized between a DA with information only (VCE-) and a DA with information plus a VCE(VCE+) (experiment 1), or between information only (VCE-), information plus VCE without referral to VCE(VCE+), and information plus a VCE with specific referral to the VCE, requesting participants to use the VCE(VCE++) (experiment 2). In experiment 2 we additionally measured personality (neuroticism/conscientiousness) and information seeking style (monitoring/blunting). Results Experiment 1. There were no differences in DC, knowledge or DA-use between VCE- (n=70) and VCE+ (n=70). Both DAs lead to a mean gain in knowledge from 39% at baseline to 73% after viewing the DA. Within VCE+, VCE-users (n=32, 46%) reported less DC compared to non-users. Since there was no difference in DC between VCE- and VCE+, this is likely an effect of VCE-use in a self-selected group, and not of the VCE per se. Experiment 2. There were no differences in DC or knowledge between VCE- (n=65), VCE+ (n=66), VCE++ (n=66). In all groups, knowledge increased on average from 42% at baseline to 72% after viewing the DA. Blunters viewed fewer DA-pages (R=0.38, p<.001). More neurotic women were less certain (R=0.18, p<.01) and felt less supported in decision making (R=0.15, p<.05); conscientious women felt more certain (R=-0.15, p<.05) and had more knowledge after viewing the DA (R=0.15, p<.05). Conclusions Both DAs lead to increased knowledge in healthy populations making hypothetical decisions, and use of the VCE did not improve

  5. The role of the University of the West Indies Mona libraries in HIV/AIDS information access and dissemination.

    PubMed

    Harris, S

    2013-01-01

    The recommendations for controlling HIV/AIDS, whether prescriptive or descriptive, underscore the value of information: its translation into knowledge, and knowledge into behaviour. Thus, accessing, evaluating, disseminating and applying authoritative, credible and scholarly information on HIV/AIDS are critical elements in the control of this pandemic in the Web 2.0 era. The University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona libraries have embraced this information role. This article provides insights into three of the information initiatives implemented by the UWI Mona libraries in this important capacity. In this regard, it also provides ideas for other West Indian information units and enhances communication on access to information products and services, albeit incrementally, in an important area of health services for the West Indies. PMID:24756597

  6. 7 CFR 1700.103 - Eligible communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Eligible communities. 1700.103 Section 1700.103... AGRICULTURE GENERAL INFORMATION Substantially Underserved Trust Areas § 1700.103 Eligible communities. An eligible community is a community that: (a) Is located on Trust land; (b) May be served by an...

  7. 7 CFR 1700.103 - Eligible communities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Eligible communities. 1700.103 Section 1700.103... AGRICULTURE GENERAL INFORMATION Substantially Underserved Trust Areas § 1700.103 Eligible communities. An eligible community is a community that: (a) Is located on Trust land; (b) May be served by an...

  8. Putting on a brave face: the experiences of women living with HIV and AIDS in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya.

    PubMed

    Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, M; Okeng'o, L; Wagura, A; Mwenzwa, E

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines two key dimensions of HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, namely poverty and gender, within the particular context of informal settlements. The study, conducted in five informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya explored the challenges facing women living with HIV and AIDS (WLWA) in informal settlements in Nairobi in terms of the specific risk environments of informal settlements, the support they receive and their perceptions of their future. The data were gathered through an interviewer-based questionnaire administered to 390 WLWA and 20 key informant interviews with Kenya Network of Women with AIDS (KENWA) project personnel. The results show that for WLWA in informal settlements, poverty and poor living conditions combine to increase the risk environment for HIV infection and other opportunistic infections and that the WLWA then face HIV- and AIDS-related problems that are exacerbated by poverty and by the poor living environments. In response, the WLWA had devised coping strategies that were largely centred on survival, including commercial sex work and the sale of illicit liquor, thus increasing their susceptibility to re-infections. Insecurity in informal settlements curtailed their participation in income generating activities (IGAs) and increased their risk of rape and HIV re-infection. Recognising the disadvantaged position of communities in informal settlements, the non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs) and faith-based organizations (FBOs) provide a range of services including HIV and AIDS information and therapy. Paradoxically, living in urban informal settlements was found to increase WLWA's access to HIV and AIDS prevention and treatment services through NGOs and social networks that are not found in more established residential areas. The sustainability of these services is, however, questioned, given the lack of local resources, weak state support and high donor dependency. We suggest that the

  9. Complex lives: resiliency of African American Women with HIV/AIDS serving as informal kinship care providers.

    PubMed

    Stokes, Charu

    2014-01-01

    Using the resiliency model as a framework, this qualitative description study was designed to elicit the experiences of African American women living with HIV/AIDS serving as informal kinship care providers. Themes emerging from the interviews included (a) strengths of informal social supports, (b) benefits of living with HIV as opposed to women who are not HIV positive, and (c) negative experiences of child welfare services. Findings suggest a plethora of resources women accessed through community-based agencies because of their HIV/AIDS status, as opposed to child welfare agencies. PMID:24802222

  10. 12 CFR 571.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... health, condition or history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as part of any such..., the use of proceeds, or the terms for granting credit; (B) The value, condition, and lien status of a... eligibility for disability income, workers' compensation income, or other benefits related to health or...

  11. 12 CFR 222.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... health, condition or history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as part of any such..., the use of proceeds, or the terms for granting credit; (B) The value, condition, and lien status of a... eligibility for disability income, workers' compensation income, or other benefits related to health or...

  12. 12 CFR 717.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... health, condition or history, type of treatment, or prognosis into account as part of any such..., the use of proceeds, or the terms for granting credit; (B) The value, condition, and lien status of a... eligibility for disability income, workers' compensation income, or other benefits related to health or...

  13. 12 CFR 334.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... eligibility for disability income, workers' compensation income, or other benefits related to health or a medical condition that is relied on as a source of repayment; or (D) The identity of creditors to whom... mortgage loan that she receives $15,000 in long-term disability income each year from her former...

  14. The use of a spatial information system in the management of HIV/AIDS in South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Busgeeth, Karishma; Rivett, Ulrike

    2004-01-01

    Background South Africa is experiencing an HIV/AIDS pandemic of shattering dimensions. The availability and provision of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs could bring relief to the situation, but the treatment is unfortunately complex with each patient being assigned a different antiretroviral therapy varying in diet-medication regiment. The context of South Africa, its variety of urban and rural settings adds to the challenge of administering and monitoring the HIV+ person throughout the treatment, which will last for the rest of their lives. The lack of physical infrastructure, reliable statistics and adequate resources hinder the efficient management of HIV/AIDS. Results The collection of reliable data will be a first step to assess the status of HIV/AIDS in communities. A number of hospitals have started this process using the conventional approach to collect information about their patients using a paper-based system. Since time is of essence in the fight against the pandemic, data exchange between various hospitals, municipalities and decision-making bodies is becoming more and more important. The logical response to such a need is a computerised system, which will collect and administer HIV/AIDS related information within the local context and allow a monitored access to the data from a number of stakeholders. Conclusions The purpose of this study was to design and develop an HIV/AIDS database, which is embedded in a Spatial Information Management System. The pilot study area is the Gugulethu township in Cape Town where more than 27% of the 325 000 residents are HIV+. It is shown that the implementation of the HIV/AIDS database and the Spatial Information Management System can play a critical role in determining where and when to intervene, improving the quality of care for HIV+ patients, increasing accessibility of service and delivering a cost-effective mode of information. PMID:15239839

  15. Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior and Antiretroviral Adherence in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Saha, Somnath; Chander, Geetanjali; Korthuis, P. Todd; Sharma, Rashmi K.; Sharp, Victoria; Cohn, Jonathan; Moore, Richard D.; Beach, Mary Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Abstract While the Internet has the potential to educate persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), websites may contain inaccurate information and increase the risk of nonadherence with antiretroviral therapy (ART). The objectives of our study were to determine the extent to which PLWHA engage in Internet health information seeking behavior (IHISB) and to determine whether IHISB is associated with ART adherence. We conducted a survey of adult, English-speaking HIV-infected patients at four HIV outpatient clinic sites in the United States (Baltimore, Maryland; Detroit, Michigan; New York, and Portland, Oregon) between December 2004 and January 2006. We assessed IHISB by asking participants how much information they had received from the Internet since acquiring HIV. The main outcome was patient-reported ART adherence over the past three days. Data were available on IHISB for 433 patients, 334 of whom were on ART therapy. Patients had a mean age of 45 (standard error [SE] 0.45) years and were mostly male (66%), African American (58%), and had attained a high school degree (73%). Most (55%) reported no IHISB, 18% reported some, and 27% reported “a fair amount” or “a great deal.” Patients who reported higher versus lower levels of IHISB were significantly younger, had achieved a higher level of education, and had higher medication self-efficacy. In unadjusted analyses, higher IHISB was associated with ART adherence (odds ratio [OR], 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.27–6.94). This association persisted after adjustment for age, gender, race, education, clinic site, and medication self-efficacy (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.76, 95% CI 1.11–6.87). Our findings indicate that IHISB is positively associated with ART adherence even after controlling for potentially confounding variables. Future studies should investigate the ways in which Internet health information may promote medication adherence among PLWHA. PMID:21682586

  16. Exposure to information and communication about HIV/AIDS and perceived credibility of information sources among young people in northern Tanzania.

    PubMed

    Bastien, Sheri; Leshabari, Melkizedek T; Klepp, Knut-Inge

    2009-06-01

    Young people in sub-Saharan Africa constitute an important group for HIV prevention efforts. Determining their exposure to HIV/AIDS information and communication and their perceived credibility of information sources is imperative to the development of interventions. However, the majority of studies on this topic have been conducted among school-based populations, with few focused on those out of school or on comparing the two groups. A structured face-to-face interview was completed by 993 young people out of school, between the ages of 13 and 18, in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania; additionally, the questionnaire was self-administered by 1 007 students attending either their last year of primary or first year of secondary school. Significant factors associated with the frequency of exposure to HIV/AIDS information and frequency of communication about HIV/AIDS included urban/rural location, sex, socio-economic status, and educational attainment. Both groups ranked the radio as the most frequent source of HIV/AIDS information. The in-school group reported significantly more frequent exposure to all sources of HIV/ AIDS information and they communicated more frequently about the topic than did the out-of-school group. Among both groups, exposure to HIV/AIDS information occurred more frequently than discussing the topic. The in-school group gave high credibility ratings to medical doctors, the radio and parents as sources of information, while the out-of-school group attributed the most credibility to the mass media. Irrespective of school attendance, the young people ranked friends, parents and doctors as preferred communicators of sexual and reproductive health information. Interventions that address the determinants of educational attainment are needed, as well as ones specifically intended to reach girls or those out of school. The preferences and credibility rankings for sources of HIV/AIDS information suggest the need for evidence-based programmes that utilise peers and

  17. 75 FR 56662 - Agency Information Collection (Request for Nursing Home Information in Connection With Claim for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Request for Nursing Home Information in Connection With Claim for... . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0652.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Request for Nursing Home... 21-0779 is used to determine veterans residing in nursing homes eligibility for pension and aid...

  18. Increasing College Enrollment among Low- and Moderate-Income Families: An Intervention to Improve Information and Access to Financial Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bettinger, Eric P.; Long, Bridget Terry; Oreopoulos, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Higher education plays an increasingly important role in helping individuals attain social and economic success. Yet, despite decades of financial aid policy, substantial gaps in college access remain by income level and race. One major impediment to increasing college enrollment among low-income students is the lack of information about financial…

  19. 34 CFR 691.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION (CONTINUED) ACADEMIC COMPETITIVENESS GRANT (ACG) AND NATIONAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS ACCESS TO... under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record deadline. Except as provided in the verification provisions of 34 CFR...

  20. 34 CFR 691.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record deadline. Except as provided in the verification provisions of 34 CFR 668.60 and the late disbursement provisions of 34 CFR 668.164(g) of this chapter, for a student to receive...

  1. 34 CFR 691.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record deadline. Except as provided in the verification provisions of 34 CFR 668.60 and the late disbursement provisions of 34 CFR 668.164(g) of this chapter, for a student to receive...

  2. 34 CFR 691.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record deadline. Except as provided in the verification provisions of 34 CFR 668.60 and the late disbursement provisions of 34 CFR 668.164(g) of this chapter, for a student to receive...

  3. When Statistical Literacy Really Matters: Understanding Published Information about the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobden, Sally

    2014-01-01

    Information on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern Africa is often interpreted through a veil of secrecy and shame and, I argue, with flawed understanding of basic statistics. This research determined the levels of statistical literacy evident in 316 future Mathematical Literacy teachers' explanations of the median in the context of HIV/AIDS…

  4. 34 CFR 690.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record. 690.61 Section 690.61 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL PELL GRANT...

  5. 34 CFR 691.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information Record deadline. Except as provided in the verification provisions of 34 CFR 668.60 and the late disbursement provisions of 34 CFR 668.164(g) of this chapter, for a student to receive a grant under this...

  6. 77 FR 24690 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Federal Student Aid; Pell Grant, ACG, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ... Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), as amended. These programs provide grant assistance to an eligible student attending an institution of higher education. The institution determines the student's award and... student financial assistance programs authorized under the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), as...

  7. Erotized, AIDS-HIV information on public-access television: a study of obscenity, state censorship and cultural resistance.

    PubMed

    Lukenbill, W B

    1998-06-01

    This study analyzes court records of a county-level obscenity trial in Austin, Texas, and the appeal of the guilty verdict beginning with a Texas appellate court up to the U.S. Supreme Court of two individuals who broadcast erotized AIDS and HIV safer sex information on a public-access cable television. The trial and appellate court decisions are reviewed in terms of argument themes, and the nature of sexual value controversy is outlined. Erotic materials often conflict with broad-based sexual and community values, and providing erotized HIV and AIDS information products can be a form of radical political action designed to force societal change. This study raises question as to how this trial and this type of informational product might affect the programs and activities of information resource centers, community-based organizations, libraries, and the overall mission of public health education. PMID:9642421

  8. AIDS in the World of Work: When Information Is Not Enough.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buhrer, Michel

    2000-01-01

    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a critical problem in Africa, where 80 percent of AIDS-related deaths attack the 20- to 49-year age group. Uganda has developed a strategy to fight the epidemic, including unions' work in fighting the virus and the discrimination affecting those with the disease. (JOW)

  9. Information Vaccine: Using Graphic Novels as an HIV/AIDS Prevention Resource for Young Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albright, Kendra S.; Gavigan, Karen

    2014-01-01

    HIV/AIDS infections are growing at an alarming rate for young adults. In 2009, youth, ages 13-29, accounted for 39% of all new HIV infections in the U.S. (Division of HIV/ AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 2011). South Carolina ranks eighth in the nation for new HIV cases, while the capital city of Columbia ranks seventh…

  10. Targeting AIDS through information, education, and communications programs: implications for Africa and the Caribbean.

    PubMed

    Ward, W B

    1989-01-01

    IEC campaigns targeted at acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) must seek to achieve the maximum impact within a contest of extremely limited resources. This implies a careful assessment of population groups and behaviors that carry the highest risk. Rather than expending large sums of money on mass media campaigns, the approach should be to target IEC activities at the social networks of those most at risk. This may include, for example, prostitutes, homosexual men, hotel and tourist employees, students, and military personnel. Once epidemiologic studies have identified the at-risk population, volunteers form these groups should be recruited and trained to reach their peers through the networks available to them. This education component of IEC work takes priority. The second step involves information diffusion to health providers who are likely to come into contact with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, especially those who have access to pregnant women and mothers. Some of these providers are not aware of the risks involved in the reuse of immunization needles. The third step--communication with the general public--is aimed at making the population aware of the factors that place people at risk of HIV infection. Radio seems to be the media capable of reaching the greatest numbers, although traditional means of communication should not be neglected. The IEC effort should consider options at the community, institutional, and individual levels and address those factors that enable, reinforce, and predispose appropriate health behaviors. PMID:2641232

  11. 20 CFR 632.77 - Participant eligibility determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... eligibility based on the information presented at the time of application. (b) The ultimate responsibility for... participant's eligibility and retain in the participant's folder the information on which this determination... which records all information necessary to determine eligibility, which attests that the information...

  12. 7 CFR 1220.109 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.109 Eligible organization....

  13. 7 CFR 1220.109 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.109 Eligible organization....

  14. 7 CFR 1220.109 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.109 Eligible organization....

  15. 7 CFR 1220.109 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.109 Eligible organization....

  16. 7 CFR 1220.109 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.109 Eligible organization....

  17. 34 CFR 222.171 - What LEAs may be eligible for Discretionary Construction grants?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Impact...) Generally, to be eligible for a modernization construction grant, an LEA must— (i) Be eligible for...

  18. A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF PRESENTING INFORMATIVE SPEECHES WITH AND WITHOUT THE USE OF VISUAL AIDS TO VOLUNTARY ADULT AUDIENCES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BODENHAMER, SCHELL H.

    TO DETERMINE THE COMPARATIVE AMOUNT OF LEARNING THAT OCCURRED AND THE AUDIENCE REACTION TO MEETING EFFECTIVENESS, A 20-MINUTE INFORMATIVE SPEECH, "THE WEATHER," WAS PRESENTED WITH VISUAL AIDS TO 23 AND WITHOUT VISUAL AIDS TO 23 INFORMAL, VOLUNTARY, ADULT AUDIENCES. THE AUDIENCES WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED, AND CONTROLS WERE USED TO ASSURE IDENTICAL…

  19. Promoting perioperative advance care planning: a systematic review of advance care planning decision aids.

    PubMed

    Aslakson, Rebecca A; Schuster, Anne L R; Reardon, Jessica; Lynch, Thomas; Suarez-Cuervo, Catalina; Miller, Judith A; Moldovan, Rita; Johnston, Fabian; Anton, Blair; Weiss, Matthew; Bridges, John F P

    2015-11-01

    This systematic review identifies possible decision aids that promote perioperative advance care planning (ACP) and synthesizes the available evidence regarding their use. Using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Sociological Abstracts, researchers identified and screened articles for eligibility. Data were abstracted and risk of bias assessed for included articles. Thirty-nine of 5327 articles satisfied the eligibility criteria. Primarily completed in outpatient ambulatory populations, studies evaluated a variety of ACP decision aids. None were evaluated in a perioperative population. Fifty unique outcomes were reported with no head-to-head comparisons conducted. Findings are likely generalizable to a perioperative population and can inform development of a perioperative ACP decision aid. Future studies should compare the effectiveness of ACP decision aids. PMID:26346494

  20. Multilevel Drivers of HIV/AIDS among Black Philadelphians: Exploration Using Community Ethnography and Geographic Information Systems

    PubMed Central

    Brawner, Bridgette M.; Reason, Janaiya L.; Goodman, Bridget A.; Schensul, Jean J.; Guthrie, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Background Unequal HIV/AIDS distribution is influenced by certain social and structural contexts that facilitate HIV transmission and concentrate HIV in disease epicenters. Thus, one of the first steps in designing effective community-level HIV/AIDS initiatives is to disentangle the influence of individual, social, and structural factors on HIV risk. Combining ethnographic methodology with geographic information systems (GIS) mapping can allow for a complex exploration of multilevel factors within communities that facilitate HIV transmission in highly affected areas. Objectives We present the formative comparative community-based case study findings of an investigation of individual-, social- , and structural-level factors that contribute to the HIV/AIDS epidemic among Black Philadelphians. Methods Communities were defined using census tracts. The methodology included ethnographic and GIS mapping, observation, informal conversations with residents and business owners, and secondary analyses of census tract-level data in four Philadelphia neighborhoods. Results Factors such as overcrowding, disadvantage, permeability in community boundaries, and availability and accessibility of health-related resources varied significantly. Further, HIV/AIDS trended with social and structural inequities above and beyond the community’s racial composition. Discussion This study was a first step to disentangle relationships between community-level factors and potential risk for HIV in an HIV epicenter. The findings also highlight stark sociodemographic differences within and across racial groups, and further substantiate the need for comprehensive, community-level HIV prevention interventions. These findings from targeted United States urban communities have potential applicability for examining the distribution of HIV/AIDS in broader national and international geosocial contexts. PMID:25738621

  1. Presenting quantitative information about decision outcomes: a risk communication primer for patient decision aid developers

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Making evidence-based decisions often requires comparison of two or more options. Research-based evidence may exist which quantifies how likely the outcomes are for each option. Understanding these numeric estimates improves patients’ risk perception and leads to better informed decision making. This paper summarises current “best practices” in communication of evidence-based numeric outcomes for developers of patient decision aids (PtDAs) and other health communication tools. Method An expert consensus group of fourteen researchers from North America, Europe, and Australasia identified eleven main issues in risk communication. Two experts for each issue wrote a “state of the art” summary of best evidence, drawing on the PtDA, health, psychological, and broader scientific literature. In addition, commonly used terms were defined and a set of guiding principles and key messages derived from the results. Results The eleven key components of risk communication were: 1) Presenting the chance an event will occur; 2) Presenting changes in numeric outcomes; 3) Outcome estimates for test and screening decisions; 4) Numeric estimates in context and with evaluative labels; 5) Conveying uncertainty; 6) Visual formats; 7) Tailoring estimates; 8) Formats for understanding outcomes over time; 9) Narrative methods for conveying the chance of an event; 10) Important skills for understanding numerical estimates; and 11) Interactive web-based formats. Guiding principles from the evidence summaries advise that risk communication formats should reflect the task required of the user, should always define a relevant reference class (i.e., denominator) over time, should aim to use a consistent format throughout documents, should avoid “1 in x” formats and variable denominators, consider the magnitude of numbers used and the possibility of format bias, and should take into account the numeracy and graph literacy of the audience. Conclusion A substantial and

  2. 77 FR 70407 - Updated Information and Comment Sought on Review of Hearing Aid Compatibility Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... FR 2625, January 14, 2011. Due to intervening market, technical, and regulatory developments since..., 75 FR 54508, Sept. 8, 2010, the Commission reiterated its intention, first stated in 2008, to... released the Hearing Aid Compatibility Third Report and Order, 77 FR 41919, July 17, 2012, which...

  3. 78 FR 2653 - Comment Deadline Extended for Updated Information and Comment on Review of Hearing Aid...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ... comments in its ongoing review of the wireless hearing aid compatibility rules (77 FR 72294, December 5... Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed electronically using the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL...

  4. Information and Access: Modeling the Nexus of the Academic Preparation and Financial Aid Literatures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeidner, Tim

    2006-01-01

    Research concerning the determinants affecting access to postsecondary education has primarily been conducted in two spheres: academic preparation and financial aid. Although these two strands of literature are often treated as oppositional hypotheses, they need not be. This article fuses the two bodies of research while discussing the relatively…

  5. Putting Money on the Table: Information Financial Aid and Access to College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Research suggests that low-income high school students may opt out of preparing for college, because they believe a postsecondary education is more than they or their parents can afford. At the same time, federal agencies and some state agencies have indicated that every year available student aid goes unused. In response to these misconceptions…

  6. 78 FR 26334 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; 2014-2015 Federal Student Aid Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ... applicant receives a Student Aid Report (SAR), which is a summary of the data they submitted on the FAFSA. The applicant reviews the SAR, and, if necessary, will make corrections or updates to their submitted... computer or made by a FAA using software to the EDE. facilitate the EDE process. Paper SAR--This is a...

  7. [Application of information technology in orthodontics. 3. Practical method for computer aided measurements of orthodontic models].

    PubMed

    Reinhardt, H; Haffner, T; Ifert, F; Malsch, J; Schneider, P

    1989-09-01

    A practical method for computer aided measurements of orthodontic models is introduced here. Measurements values are taken by using in incremental donor with the traditional slide rule. Advantages of this method lead to a higher efficiency of model measurements. PMID:2636504

  8. A Multimedia Approach for Providing Financial Aid Information in Higher Education: An Evaluation Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Millions of current and prospective college students fail to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) annually for a number of reasons. One common obstacle students face is the complexity of the FAFSA which prevents students from completing the federal application. This study examined whether or not a multimedia tutorial can…

  9. Brief Report: Do Children with Autism Gather Information from Social Contexts to Aid Their Word Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jing, Wei; Fang, Junming

    2014-01-01

    Typically developing (TD) infants could capitalize on social eye gaze and social contexts to aid word learning. Although children with autism disorder (AD) are known to exhibit atypicality in word learning via social eye gaze, their ability to utilize social contexts for word learning is not well understood. We investigated whether verbal AD…

  10. 28 CFR 74.5 - Identification of eligible persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Identification of eligible persons. 74.5... PROVISION Verification of Eligibility § 74.5 Identification of eligible persons. (a) The Office shall establish an information system with names and other identifying information of potentially...

  11. HIV Testing Among Teens Attending Therapeutic Schools: Having a Personal Source of Information About HIV/AIDS Matters!

    PubMed

    Swenson, Rebecca R; Houck, Christopher; Sarfati, David; Emerson, Erin; Donenberg, Geri; Brown, Larry K

    2015-06-01

    Being informed and using positive coping strategies are associated with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. We assessed whether the type of information source about HIV (personal or impersonal) and coping strategies (optimism, avoidance, or emotion-focused) are associated with HIV testing among adolescents attending therapeutic schools. Participants were 417 adolescents, ages 13-19, who attended one of 20 therapeutic day schools for emotionally/behaviorally disordered youth in two US cities (Providence, RI and Chicago, IL) and completed a baseline assessment for an HIV prevention study. Among adolescents in the study, 29% reported having been tested for HIV. Adolescents were more likely to have been tested if they were older, female, Hispanic, identified as non-heterosexual, came from lower SES households, and had recently had unprotected sex. Additionally, youth who endorsed greater use of optimistic thinking and emotion-focused coping, and who reported having been informed about HIV by more personal sources, were also more likely to have been tested for HIV. In a multivariate analysis, having had recent unprotected sex and having more personal sources of information about HIV/AIDS were independently associated with HIV testing. Study findings suggest that, controlling for sociodemographic background, sexual risk behavior, and coping strategy, HIV testing among adolescents with emotional and behavioral problems may be increased when adolescents learn about HIV/AIDS from personal sources such as their healthcare providers, family, and friends. PMID:25656380

  12. HIV testing among teens attending therapeutic schools: Having a personal source of information about HIV/AIDS matters!

    PubMed Central

    Swenson, Rebecca R.; Houck, Christopher; Sarfati, David; Emerson, Erin; Donenberg, Geri; Brown, Larry K.

    2015-01-01

    Being informed and using positive coping strategies are associated with engaging in health-promoting behaviors. We assessed whether the type of information source about HIV (personal or impersonal) and coping strategies (optimism, avoidance, or emotion-focused) are associated with HIV testing among adolescents attending therapeutic schools. Participants were 417 adolescents, ages 13 to 19, who attended one of 20 therapeutic day schools for emotionally/behaviorally disordered youth in two U.S. cities (Providence, RI and Chicago, IL) and completed a baseline assessment for an HIV prevention study. Among adolescents in the study, 29% reported having been tested for HIV. Adolescents were more likely to have been tested if they were older, female, Hispanic, identified as non-heterosexual, came from lower SES households, and had recently had unprotected sex. Additionally, youth who endorsed greater use of optimistic thinking and emotion-focused coping, and who reported having been informed about HIV by more personal sources, were also more likely to have been tested for HIV. In a multivariate analysis, having had recent unprotected sex and having more personal sources of information about HIV/AIDS were independently associated with HIV testing. Study findings suggest that, controlling for sociodemographic background, sexual risk behavior, and coping strategy, HIV testing among adolescents with emotional and behavioral problems may be increased when adolescents learn about HIV/AIDS from personal sources such as their healthcare providers, family, and friends. PMID:25656380

  13. Informed Choice for Participation in Down Syndrome Screening: Development and Content of a Web-Based Decision Aid

    PubMed Central

    Hansen, Helle Ploug; Draborg, Eva; Pedersen, Claus Duedal; Lamont, Ronald F; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2015-01-01

    Background In Denmark, all pregnant women are offered screening in early pregnancy to estimate the risk of having a fetus with Down syndrome. Pregnant women participating in the screening program should be provided with information and support to allow them to make an informed choice. There is increasing interest in the use of Web-based technology to provide information and digital solutions for the delivery of health care. Objective The aim of this study was to develop an eHealth tool that contained accurate and relevant information to allow pregnant women to make an informed choice about whether to accept or reject participation in screening for Down syndrome. Methods The development of the eHealth tool involved the cooperation of researchers, technology experts, clinicians, and users. The underlying theoretical framework was based on participatory design, the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration guide to develop a patient decision aid, and the roadmap for developing eHealth technologies from the Center for eHealth Research and Disease Management (CeHRes). The methods employed were a systematic literature search, focus group interviews with 3 care providers and 14 pregnant women, and 2 weeks of field observations. A qualitative descriptive approach was used in this study. Results Relevant themes from pregnant women and care providers with respect to information about Down syndrome screening were identified. Based on formalized processes for developing patient decision aids and eHealth technologies, an interactive website containing information about Down syndrome, methods of screening, and consequences of the test was developed. The intervention was based on user requests and needs, and reflected the current hospital practice and national guidelines. Conclusions This paper describes the development and content of an interactive website to support pregnant women in making informed choices about Down syndrome screening. To develop the

  14. AIDS Education Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horry County Board of Education, Conway, SC.

    This curriculum guide was developed, based on sound principles of human growth and development, to present the most recently available information on AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The curriculum presents information on the known facts about AIDS and the AIDS virus infection. It also addresses the potential for adolescents and adults…

  15. 12 CFR 1022.30 - Obtaining or using medical information in connection with a determination of eligibility for credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION FAIR CREDIT REPORTING (REGULATION V) Medical Information § 1022.30... person excluded from coverage of this part by section 1029 of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of... information from the consumer reporting agency. (d) Financial information exception for obtaining and...

  16. Using Information and Communications Technology in a National Population-Based Survey: The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012

    PubMed Central

    Ojwang’, James K.; Lee, Veronica C.; Waruru, Anthony; Ssempijja, Victor; Ng’ang’a, John G.; Wakhutu, Brian E.; Kandege, Nicholas O.; Koske, Danson K.; Kamiru, Samuel M.; Omondi, Kenneth O.; Kakinyi, Mutua; Kim, Andrea A.; Oluoch, Tom

    2016-01-01

    Background With improvements in technology, electronic data capture (EDC) for large surveys is feasible. EDC offers benefits over traditional paper-based data collection, including more accurate data, greater completeness of data, and decreased data cleaning burden. Methods The second Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS 2012) was a population-based survey of persons aged 18 months to 64 years. A software application was designed to capture the interview, specimen collection, and home-based testing and counseling data. The application included: interview translations for local languages; options for single, multiple, and fill-in responses; and automated participant eligibility determination. Data quality checks were programmed to automate skip patterns and prohibit outlier responses. A data sharing architecture was developed to transmit the data in realtime from the field to a central server over a virtual private network. Results KAIS 2012 was conducted between October 2012 and February 2013. Overall, 68,202 records for the interviews, specimen collection, and home-based testing and counseling were entered into the application. Challenges arose during implementation, including poor connectivity and a systems malfunction that created duplicate records, which prevented timely data transmission to the central server. Data cleaning was minimal given the data quality control measures. Conclusions KAIS 2012 demonstrated the feasibility of using EDC in a population-based survey. The benefits of EDC were apparent in data quality and minimal time needed for data cleaning. Several important lessons were learned, such as the time and monetary investment required before survey implementation, the importance of continuous application testing, and contingency plans for data transmission due to connectivity challenges. PMID:24732816

  17. Preferences for professional versus informal care at end of life amongst African-American drug users with HIV/AIDS.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Mary M; Robinson, Allysha C; Nguyen, Trang Q; Smith, Thomas J; Knowlton, Amy R

    2015-01-01

    With the advent of antiretroviral therapies, persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVs) are living longer but with increased impairment and care needs. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a vulnerable population of PLHIVs preferred informal versus professional care when unable to care for themselves, and individual and support network factors associated with preference for informal care. The findings have potential implications for facilitating the population's informal care at end of life. Data were from the BEACON study, which examined social factors associated with health outcomes among former or current drug-using PLHIVs in Baltimore, MD. Structural equation modeling was used to identify individual and support network characteristics associated with PLHIVs' preference for informal (family or friends) compared to professional care. The structural equation model indicated preference for informal care was associated with female sex, greater informal care receipt, reporting one's main partner (i.e., boy/girlfriend or spouse) as the primary source of informal care, and a support network comprised greater numbers of female kin and persons supportive of the participant's HIV treatment adherence. Not asking for needed help to avoid owing favors was associated with preferring professional care. Findings suggest that interventions to promote informal end of life care should bolster supportive others' resources and skills for care provision and treatment adherence support, and should address perceived norms of reciprocity. Such intervention will help ensure community caregiving in a population with high needs for long-term care. PMID:25196174

  18. InformedTogether: Usability Evaluation of a Web-Based Decision Aid to Facilitate Shared Advance Care Planning for Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    PubMed Central

    Uhler, Lauren M; Pérez Figueroa, Rafael E; Dickson, Mark; McCullagh, Lauren; Kushniruk, Andre; Monkman, Helen; Witteman, Holly O

    2015-01-01

    Background Advance care planning may help patients receive treatments that better align with their goals for care. We developed a Web-based decision aid called InformedTogether to facilitate shared advance care planning between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and their doctors. Objective Our objective was to assess the usability of the InformedTogether decision aid, including whether users could interact with the decision aid to engage in tasks required for shared decision making, whether users found the decision aid acceptable, and implications for redesign. Methods We conducted an observational study with 15 patients and 8 doctors at two ethnically and socioeconomically diverse outpatient clinics. Data included quantitative and qualitative observations of patients and doctors using the decision aid on tablet or laptop computers and data from semistructured interviews. Patients were shown the decision aid by a researcher acting as the doctor. Pulmonary doctors were observed using the decision aid independently and asked to think aloud (ie, verbalize their thoughts). A thematic analysis was implemented to explore key issues related to decision aid usability. Results Although patients and doctors found InformedTogether acceptable and would recommend that doctors use the decision aid with COPD patients, many patients had difficulty understanding the icon arrays that were used to communicate estimated prognoses and could not articulate the definitions of the two treatment choices—Full Code and Do Not Resuscitate (DNR). Minor usability problems regarding content, links, layout, and consistency were also identified and corresponding recommendations were outlined. In particular, participants suggested including more information about potential changes in quality of life resulting from the alternative advance directives. Some doctor participants thought the decision aid was too long and some thought it may cause nervousness among patients due to

  19. Buscando ayuda economica: Fuentes de informacion federal, estatal y otros recursos (Looking for Student Aid: Federal, State, and Other Sources of Information).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This brochure in Spanish contains information about finding federal, state, and other sources of information about student financial aid for college. The brochure advises that most of the information private college scholarship search companies provide can be obtained for free elsewhere. Students should ensure that they are not paying for free…

  20. 23 CFR 650.405 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... provisions of 23 CFR part 625, Design Standards for Federal-aid Highways, for the class of highway on which... structure must meet the current geometric, construction and structural standards required for the types and... earth structures, when constructed beyond the attainable touchdown point, are not eligible under...

  1. 23 CFR 650.405 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... provisions of 23 CFR part 625, Design Standards for Federal-aid Highways, for the class of highway on which... structure must meet the current geometric, construction and structural standards required for the types and... earth structures, when constructed beyond the attainable touchdown point, are not eligible under...

  2. 23 CFR 650.405 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... provisions of 23 CFR part 625, Design Standards for Federal-aid Highways, for the class of highway on which..., STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.405 Eligible projects... participation in the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program (HBRRP), hereinafter known as...

  3. Formal Representations of Eligibility Criteria: A Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Weng, Chunhua; Tu, Samson W.; Sim, Ida; Richesson, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    Standards-based, computable knowledge representations for eligibility criteria are increasingly needed to provide computer-based decision support for automated research participant screening, clinical evidence application, and clinical research knowledge management. We surveyed the literature and identified five aspects of eligibility criteria knowledge representations that contribute to the various research and clinical applications: the intended use of computable eligibility criteria, the classification of eligibility criteria, the expression language for representing eligibility rules, the encoding of eligibility concepts, and the modeling of patient data. We consider three of them (expression language, codification of eligibility concepts, and patient data modeling), to be essential constructs of a formal knowledge representation for eligibility criteria. The requirements for each of the three knowledge constructs vary for different use cases, which therefore should inform the development and choice of the constructs toward cost-effective knowledge representation efforts. We discuss the implications of our findings for standardization efforts toward sharable knowledge representation of eligibility criteria. PMID:20034594

  4. Expanding the Reach of Participatory Risk Management: Testing an Online Decision-Aiding Framework for Informing Internally Consistent Choices.

    PubMed

    Bessette, Douglas L; Campbell-Arvai, Victoria; Arvai, Joseph

    2016-05-01

    This article presents research aimed at developing and testing an online, multistakeholder decision-aiding framework for informing multiattribute risk management choices associated with energy development and climate change. The framework was designed to provide necessary background information and facilitate internally consistent choices, or choices that are in line with users' prioritized objectives. In order to test different components of the decision-aiding framework, a six-part, 2 × 2 × 2 factorial experiment was conducted, yielding eight treatment scenarios. The three factors included: (1) whether or not users could construct their own alternatives; (2) the level of detail regarding the composition of alternatives users would evaluate; and (3) the way in which a final choice between users' own constructed (or highest-ranked) portfolio and an internally consistent portfolio was presented. Participants' self-reports revealed the framework was easy to use and providing an opportunity to develop one's own risk-management alternatives (Factor 1) led to the highest knowledge gains. Empirical measures showed the internal consistency of users' decisions across all treatments to be lower than expected and confirmed that providing information about alternatives' composition (Factor 2) resulted in the least internally consistent choices. At the same time, those users who did not develop their own alternatives and were not shown detailed information about the composition of alternatives believed their choices to be the most internally consistent. These results raise concerns about how the amount of information provided and the ability to construct alternatives may inversely affect users' real and perceived internal consistency. PMID:26381043

  5. The Evaluation of the Cultural Journeys in the Information Society Environment as an Educational Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fakas, Georgious John; Lamprianou, Iasonas; Andreou, Andreas; Pampaka, Maria; Schizas, Christos

    2005-01-01

    The "Cultural Journeys in the Information Society" is a dynamic hypermedia environment, which proposes the "Electronic Roads" as a meta-form for exploring cultural information that can form "Cultural Journeys." The Electronic Roads meta-form facilitates travelers to explore the information space in a natural and continuous way similar to the…

  6. Primary Care Provider Views About Usefulness and Dissemination of a Web-Based Depression Treatment Information Decision Aid

    PubMed Central

    Westmacott, Robin; Walker, John R; Vardanyan, Gohar

    2016-01-01

    Background Decisions related to mental health are often complex, problems often remain undetected and untreated, information unavailable or not used, and treatment decisions frequently not informed by best practice or patient preferences. Objective The objective of this paper was to obtain the opinions of health professionals working in primary health care settings about a Web-based information decision aid (IDA) for patients concerning treatment options for depression and the dissemination of the resources in primary care settings. Methods Participants were recruited from primary care clinics in Winnipeg and Ottawa, Canada, and included 48 family physicians, nurses, and primary care staff. The study design was a qualitative framework analytic approach of 5 focus groups. Focus groups were conducted during regular staff meetings, were digitally recorded, and transcripts created. Analysis involved a content and theme analysis. Results Seven key themes emerged including the key role of the primary care provider, common questions about treatments, treatment barriers, sources of patient information, concern about quality and quantity of available information, positive opinions about the IDA, and disseminating the IDA. The most common questions mentioned were about medication and side effects and alternatives to medication. Patients have limited access to alternative treatment options owing to cost and availability. Conclusions Practitioners evaluated the IDA positively. The resources were described as useful, supportive of providers’ messages, and accessible for patients. There was unanimous consensus that information needs to be available electronically through the Internet. PMID:27277709

  7. 32 CFR 147.29 - Temporary eligibility for access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AND CIVILIAN ADJUDICATIVE GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Guidelines for Temporary Access § 147.29 Temporary eligibility for access. Based on a justified need meeting... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary eligibility for access. 147.29...

  8. 32 CFR 147.29 - Temporary eligibility for access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AND CIVILIAN ADJUDICATIVE GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Guidelines for Temporary Access § 147.29 Temporary eligibility for access. Based on a justified need meeting... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Temporary eligibility for access. 147.29...

  9. 28 CFR 74.6 - Location of eligible persons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Location of eligible persons. 74.6... PROVISION Verification of Eligibility § 74.6 Location of eligible persons. The Office shall compare the... information system to determine if such persons are living or deceased and, if living, the present location...

  10. Growth, productivity, and scientific impact of sources of HIV/AIDS research information, with a focus on eastern and southern Africa.

    PubMed

    Bosire Onyancha, Omwoyo

    2008-05-01

    As channels of communicating HIV/AIDS research information, serial publications and particularly journals are increasingly used in response to the pandemic. The last few decades have witnessed a proliferation of sources of HIV/AIDS-related information, bringing many challenges to collection-development librarians as well as to researchers. This study uses an informetric approach to examine the growth, productivity and scientific impact of these sources, during the period 1980 to 2005, and especially to measure performance in the publication and dissemination of HIV/AIDS research about or from eastern or southern Africa. Data were collected from MEDLINE, Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and Ulrich's Periodical Directory. The analysis used Sitkis version 1.5, Microsoft Office Access, Microsoft Office Excel, Bibexcel, and Citespace version 2.0.1. The specific objectives were to identify the number of sources of HIV/AIDS-related information that have been published in the region, the coverage of these in key bibliographic databases, the most commonly used publication type for HIV/AIDS research, the countries in which the sources are published, the sources' productivity in terms of numbers of papers and citations, the most influential sources, the subject coverage of the sources, and the core sources of HIV/AIDS-information. PMID:25871272

  11. 78 FR 63990 - HIV/AIDS Bureau; Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration HIV/AIDS Bureau; Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program... the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009 (Ryan White Program or RWHAP), requires that... drugs, for individuals with HIV/AIDS identified and eligible under the statute. The statute also...

  12. Information Constraints and Financial Aid Policy. NBER Working Paper No. 17811

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott-Clayton, Judith

    2012-01-01

    One justification for public support of higher education is that prospective students, particularly those from underprivileged groups, lack complete information about the costs and benefits of a college degree. Beyond financial considerations, students may also lack information about what they need to do academically to prepare for and…

  13. Preferences for Professional vs. Informal Care at End of Life Amongst African American Drug Users with HIV/AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Mitchell, Mary M.; Robinson, Allysha C.; Nguyen, Trang Q.; Smith, Thomas J.; Knowlton, Amy R.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction With the advent of antiretroviral therapies (ART), persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVs) are living longer, but with increased impairment and care needs. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a vulnerable population of PLHIVs preferred informal versus professional care when unable to care for themselves, and individual and support network factors associated with preference for informal care. The findings have potential implications for facilitating the population’s informal care at end of life. Method Data were from the BEACON study, which examined social factors associated with health outcomes among former or current drug using PLHIVs in Baltimore, Maryland. Structural equation modeling was used to identify individual and support network characteristics associated with PLHIVs’ preference for informal (family or friends) compared to professional care. Results The structural equation model indicated preference for informal care was associated with female sex, greater informal care receipt, reporting one’s main partner (i.e., boy/girlfriend, spouse) as the primary source of informal care, and a support network comprised of greater numbers of female kin and persons supportive of the participant’s HIV treatment adherence. Not asking for needed help to avoid owing favors was associated with preferring professional care. Discussion Findings suggest that interventions to promote informal end of life care should bolster supportive others’ resources and skills for care provision and treatment adherence support, and should address perceived norms of reciprocity. Such intervention will help ensure community caregiving in a population with high needs for long term care. PMID:25196174

  14. Mommy, Daddy--What's AIDS?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners, Cherry Hill, NJ.

    This brochure is designed to help parents answer the questions that their children may ask them about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS. It provides basic information about AIDS and HIV, as well as sources for further information, such as the National AIDS Hotline. It…

  15. Crop Management to Cope with Global Change: A Systems Perspective Aided by Information Technologies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Optimizing crop management must consider the dynamic interaction of abiotic and biotic factors within the context of economic, environmental, sociological, and policy constraints. A wide array of information technologies exists to assist producers, consultants, scientists, agribusiness, action agenc...

  16. Health-Information Sources for Kenyan Adolescents: Implications for Continuing HIV/AIDS Control and Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pratt, Cornelius B.; Obeng-Quaidoo, Isaac; Okigbo, Charles; James, E. Lincoln

    2000-01-01

    Surveyed and conducted focus groups with Kenyan adolescents to investigate their health information sources, focusing on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), particularly HIV/AIDS. Respondents relied most heavily on health clinics for information on STDs, their most common health problem. Those with high knowledge of contraceptives were more…

  17. An automated tuberculosis screening strategy combining X-ray-based computer-aided detection and clinical information

    PubMed Central

    Melendez, Jaime; Sánchez, Clara I.; Philipsen, Rick H. H. M.; Maduskar, Pragnya; Dawson, Rodney; Theron, Grant; Dheda, Keertan; van Ginneken, Bram

    2016-01-01

    Lack of human resources and radiological interpretation expertise impair tuberculosis (TB) screening programmes in TB-endemic countries. Computer-aided detection (CAD) constitutes a viable alternative for chest radiograph (CXR) reading. However, no automated techniques that exploit the additional clinical information typically available during screening exist. To address this issue and optimally exploit this information, a machine learning-based combination framework is introduced. We have evaluated this framework on a database containing 392 patient records from suspected TB subjects prospectively recruited in Cape Town, South Africa. Each record comprised a CAD score, automatically computed from a CXR, and 12 clinical features. Comparisons with strategies relying on either CAD scores or clinical information alone were performed. Our results indicate that the combination framework outperforms the individual strategies in terms of the area under the receiving operating characteristic curve (0.84 versus 0.78 and 0.72), specificity at 95% sensitivity (49% versus 24% and 31%) and negative predictive value (98% versus 95% and 96%). Thus, it is believed that combining CAD and clinical information to estimate the risk of active disease is a promising tool for TB screening. PMID:27126741

  18. An automated tuberculosis screening strategy combining X-ray-based computer-aided detection and clinical information.

    PubMed

    Melendez, Jaime; Sánchez, Clara I; Philipsen, Rick H H M; Maduskar, Pragnya; Dawson, Rodney; Theron, Grant; Dheda, Keertan; van Ginneken, Bram

    2016-01-01

    Lack of human resources and radiological interpretation expertise impair tuberculosis (TB) screening programmes in TB-endemic countries. Computer-aided detection (CAD) constitutes a viable alternative for chest radiograph (CXR) reading. However, no automated techniques that exploit the additional clinical information typically available during screening exist. To address this issue and optimally exploit this information, a machine learning-based combination framework is introduced. We have evaluated this framework on a database containing 392 patient records from suspected TB subjects prospectively recruited in Cape Town, South Africa. Each record comprised a CAD score, automatically computed from a CXR, and 12 clinical features. Comparisons with strategies relying on either CAD scores or clinical information alone were performed. Our results indicate that the combination framework outperforms the individual strategies in terms of the area under the receiving operating characteristic curve (0.84 versus 0.78 and 0.72), specificity at 95% sensitivity (49% versus 24% and 31%) and negative predictive value (98% versus 95% and 96%). Thus, it is believed that combining CAD and clinical information to estimate the risk of active disease is a promising tool for TB screening. PMID:27126741

  19. Experimental evaluation of an interactive information processing aid for an emergency poison center.

    PubMed

    Robertson, C K

    1981-07-01

    In the recent literature, many studies have addressed the evaluation of the user interface in interactive systems. However, there are few theoretically based methodologies for this purpose. This study is an attempt to develop a methodology for examining the complex division of information processing labor between user and computer. A special concern was the computer-naive user searching for information using a self-teaching system. Our test bed was an emergency poison information center whose functioning depended on fast, accurate processing of patient and antidote data by a nurse. We augmented the nurses' traditional information support--a manual card file and reference books--with an interactive software system which summarized and suggested inferences from data on past successful treatment of patients. Analysis of recordings of user comments and user-system interactions showed that: (1) the support system should be more robust and have more "reasoning" power; and (2) the users' expressed information needs changed after the new support was introduced. From the results, we abstracted elements of an effective naive user-support system division of labor: (1) the support system should "actively" help the user's error recovery; (2) the system should have a sufficient knowledge base to allow "intelligent" conversation about the problem domain; and (3) the support system should allow the user to reconceptualize his information problem as his environment changes. Our method of recording user-system interactions and verbal protocols was time consuming, but did yield significant insight into the user-system division of labor. Also, considering the poison center as a living system, analysis of processing by the nurse and the traditional, the new, or an envisioned information support system showed that a highly dispersed associator and effective internal transducer promoted the functioning of the entire group. PMID:7247908

  20. 42 CFR 67.13 - Eligible projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AGENCY FOR HEALTH CARE POLICY AND RESEARCH GRANTS AND CONTRACTS Research Grants for Health Services Research, Evaluation, Demonstration, and Dissemination Projects § 67.13 Eligible projects. Projects for research, evaluations, demonstrations, dissemination of information (including research on...

  1. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... carpool lanes. Eligible work may include preliminary engineering to determine traffic flow and design... subject to the provisions of 23 CFR part 810.106. (7) Reasonable public information and promotion...

  2. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... carpool lanes. Eligible work may include preliminary engineering to determine traffic flow and design... subject to the provisions of 23 CFR part 810.106. (7) Reasonable public information and promotion...

  3. Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2010-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Federal student aid is a financial help for eligible students to pay for educational expenses at an eligible postsecondary school (e.g., college, vocational school, graduate school). There are three categories of federal student aid: grants, workstudy, and loans. Federal student aid covers expenses such as tuition and fees, room and board, books…

  4. Funding Your Education: The Guide to Federal Student Aid, 2012-13

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Every student, who meets some basic eligibility requirements, can get some type of financial aid regardless of age or family income. Federal student aid is a financial aid from the federal government to help a student pay for education expenses at an eligible college, technical school, vocational school, or graduate school. There are three…

  5. Informal Caregiver Characteristics Associated with Viral Load Suppression Among Current or Former Injection Drug Users Living with HIV/AIDS.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Mary M; Robinson, Allysha C; Nguyen, Trang Q; Knowlton, Amy R

    2015-11-01

    Few studies have examined the association between having an informal (unpaid) caregiver and viral suppression among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) who are on antiretroviral therapy. The current study examined relationships between caregivers' individual and social network characteristics and care recipient viral suppression. Baseline data were from the BEACON study caregivers and their HIV seropositive former or current drug using care recipients, of whom 89 % were African American (N = 258 dyads). Using adjusted logistic regression, care recipient's undetectable viral load was positively associated with caregiver's limited physical functioning and negatively associated with caregivers having few family members to turn to for problem solving, a greater number of current drug users in their network, and poorer perceptions of the care recipient's mental health. Results further understandings of interpersonal relationship factors important to PLHIV's health outcomes, and the need for caregiving relationship-focused intervention to promote viral suppression among PLHIV. PMID:25969180

  6. Can preferences in information processing aid in understanding suicide risk among emerging adults?

    PubMed

    Cramer, Robert J; Bryson, Claire N; Gardner, Brett O; Webber, Wesley B

    2016-07-01

    The present study evaluated emerging adult (n = 192 college students) preferences in information processing (PIP), defined by the need for affect (NFA) and need for cognition (NFC), as they may be associated with suicide risk. The following were direct indicators of elevated suicide risk: presence of lifetime exposure to suicide (i.e., lifetime yes/no), elevated depressive symptoms, and greater NFA avoidance. Two different interactions resulted in elevated suicide risk: high depressive symptoms and high NFA avoidance, and high NFC and high NFA. Present results concerning PIP hold the potential to inform suicide risk assessment and prevention efforts among young adults. PMID:27007001

  7. Guide to Sources: Colleges & Universities, Graduate Programs, Transfer Information, Financial Aid. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Bryan

    This library guide lists some of the more useful sources of information about colleges and universities that are available in the Fogler Library at the University of Maine. The 99 items cited are listed in four categories: (1) colleges and universities, including general, graduate, and foreign programs; (2) preparation for admission exams; (3)…

  8. Southwell's Relaxation Search in Computer Aided Advising: An Intelligent Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Xueshu

    1992-01-01

    Describes the development and validation of a microcomputer software system that enhances undergraduate students' interests in becoming engineering graduate students. The development of a database with information on engineering graduate programs is discussed, and a model that matches individual and institutional needs using Southwell's Relaxation…

  9. Informal Reading Inventories. Second Edition. Reading Aids Series, IRA Service Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Marjorie Seddon; And Others

    Representing a comprehensive description of the use of informal reading inventories (IRIs), this book is designed to provide teachers and reading specialists with practical strategies for forming diagnostic impressions that are useful for planning reading instruction. Respectively, chapters discuss (1) the purpose and nature of IRIs; (2)…

  10. Eligibility Manual for School Meals: Federal Policy for Determining and Verifying Eligibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Agriculture, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This manual contains information on Federal requirements regarding the determination and verification of eligibility for free and reduced price meals in the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program. These provisions also apply to the determination of eligibility for free milk under the Special Milk Program and are generally…

  11. Student Financial Aid and the Independent Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eads, Janet M.

    The definition of independent student that is used in determining eligibility for federal student financial aid is examined, along with potential compliance problems for independent students and differential treatment of independent and dependent students. Major factors for defining independence for students receiving federal financial aid are:…

  12. Medical Comics as Tools to Aid in Obtaining Informed Consent for Stroke Care

    PubMed Central

    Furuno, Yuichi; Sasajima, Hiroyasu

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Informed consent has now become common in medical practice. However, a gap still exists between doctors and patients in the understanding of clinical conditions. We designed medical comics about “subarachnoid hemorrhage” and “intracerebral hemorrhage” to help doctors obtain informed consent intuitively, quickly, and comprehensively. Between September 2010 and September 2012, we carried out a questionnaire survey about medical comics with the families of patients who had suffered an intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage. The questionnaire consisted of 6 questions inquiring about their mental condition, reading time, usefulness of the comics in understanding brain function and anatomy, pathogenesis, doctor's explanation, and applicability of these comics. The results showed that 93.8% responders would prefer or strongly prefer the use of comics in other medical situations. When considering the level of understanding of brain function and anatomy, pathology of disease, and doctor's explanation, 81.3%, 75.0%, and 68.8% of responders, respectively, rated these comics as very useful or useful. We think that the visual and narrative illustrations in medical comics would be more helpful for patients than a lengthy explanation by a doctor. Most of the responders hoped that medical comics would be applied to other medical cases. Thus, medical comics could work as a new communication tool between doctors and patients. PMID:26131830

  13. Medical Comics as Tools to Aid in Obtaining Informed Consent for Stroke Care.

    PubMed

    Furuno, Yuichi; Sasajima, Hiroyasu

    2015-07-01

    Informed consent has now become common in medical practice. However, a gap still exists between doctors and patients in the understanding of clinical conditions. We designed medical comics about "subarachnoid hemorrhage" and "intracerebral hemorrhage" to help doctors obtain informed consent intuitively, quickly, and comprehensively.Between September 2010 and September 2012, we carried out a questionnaire survey about medical comics with the families of patients who had suffered an intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage. The questionnaire consisted of 6 questions inquiring about their mental condition, reading time, usefulness of the comics in understanding brain function and anatomy, pathogenesis, doctor's explanation, and applicability of these comics.The results showed that 93.8% responders would prefer or strongly prefer the use of comics in other medical situations. When considering the level of understanding of brain function and anatomy, pathology of disease, and doctor's explanation, 81.3%, 75.0%, and 68.8% of responders, respectively, rated these comics as very useful or useful.We think that the visual and narrative illustrations in medical comics would be more helpful for patients than a lengthy explanation by a doctor. Most of the responders hoped that medical comics would be applied to other medical cases. Thus, medical comics could work as a new communication tool between doctors and patients. PMID:26131830

  14. Efficient health information management systems using wireless communications technology to aid disaster victims.

    PubMed

    Nasu, Yasuhiro; Ashida, Nobuyuki; Kanzaki, Hatsumi; Sagawa, Setsuko; Tsuji, Masatsugu

    2012-08-01

    Japan is an earthquake-prone country, and disasters have a devastating effect on the lives of residents in stricken areas. Shelters can be constructed in order to secure the physical safety of residents, but there are no such provisions for the shock of experiencing a disaster, losing property and friends, and transitioning to an unfamiliar life in a shelter, all of which can lead to mental disorders. Caretakers such as medical doctors and nurses who are dispatched to disaster sites also face difficulties in the disruption of communications and transportation, thus a system able to secure efficient health management in those facilities is also required. This paper proposes a health information management system that utilizes mobile phone cameras and mark-sensing cards to improve recovery conditions in disaster-stricken areas. PMID:21626399

  15. Municipal Solid Waste Management using Geographical Information System aided methods: a mini review.

    PubMed

    Khan, Debishree; Samadder, Sukha Ranjan

    2014-11-01

    Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is one of the major environmental challenges in developing countries. Many efforts to reduce and recover the wastes have been made, but still land disposal of solid wastes is the most popular one. Finding an environmentally sound landfill site is a challenging task. This paper addresses a mini review on various aspects of MSWM (suitable landfill site selection, route optimization and public acceptance) using the Geographical Information System (GIS) coupled with other tools. The salient features of each of the integrated tools with GIS are discussed in this paper. It is also addressed how GIS can help in optimizing routes for collection of solid wastes from transfer stations to disposal sites to reduce the overall cost of solid waste management. A detailed approach on performing a public acceptance study of a proposed landfill site is presented in this study. The study will help municipal authorities to identify the most effective method of MSWM. PMID:25352293

  16. Intelligent information extraction to aid science decision making in autonomous space exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merényi, Erzsébet; Tasdemir, Kadim; Farrand, William H.

    2008-04-01

    Effective scientific exploration of remote targets such as solar system objects increasingly calls for autonomous data analysis and decision making on-board. Today, robots in space missions are programmed to traverse from one location to another without regard to what they might be passing by. By not processing data as they travel, they can miss important discoveries, or will need to travel back if scientists on Earth find the data warrant backtracking. This is a suboptimal use of resources even on relatively close targets such as the Moon or Mars. The farther mankind ventures into space, the longer the delay in communication, due to which interesting findings from data sent back to Earth are made too late to command a (roving, floating, or orbiting) robot to further examine a given location. However, autonomous commanding of robots in scientific exploration can only be as reliable as the scientific information extracted from the data that is collected and provided for decision making. In this paper, we focus on the discovery scenario, where information extraction is accomplished with unsupervised clustering. For high-dimensional data with complicated structure, detailed segmentation that identifies all significant groups and discovers the small, surprising anomalies in the data, is a challenging task at which conventional algorithms often fail. We approach the problem with precision manifold learning using self-organizing neural maps with non-standard features developed in the course of our research. We demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of this approach on multi-spectral imagery from the Mars Exploration Rovers Pancam, and on synthetic hyperspectral imagery.

  17. Study Guide for First Aid Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thygerson, Alton L.

    This study guide is designed to accompany the American National Red Cross texts ADVANCED FIRST AID AND EMERGENCY CARE and STANDARD FIRST AID AND PERSONAL SAFETY. Part one serves as an introduction to first aid. The legal aspects of first aid are discussed along with a list of suggested first aid kit contents, and information on first aid books is…

  18. Identifying Reproducible Molecular Biomarkers for Gastric Cancer Metastasis with the Aid of Recurrence Information

    PubMed Central

    Li, Mengyao; Hong, Guini; Cheng, Jun; Li, Jing; Cai, Hao; Li, Xiangyu; Guan, Qingzhou; Tong, Mengsha; Li, Hongdong; Guo, Zheng

    2016-01-01

    To precisely diagnose metastasis state is important for tailoring treatments for gastric cancer patients. However, the routinely employed radiological and pathologic tests for tumour metastasis have considerable high false negative rates, which may retard the identification of reproducible metastasis-related molecular biomarkers for gastric cancer. In this research, using three datasets, we firstly shwed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between metastatic tissue samples and non-metastatic tissue samples could hardly be reproducibly detected with a proper statistical control when the metastatic and non-metastatic samples were defined by TNM stage alone. Then, assuming that undetectable micrometastases are the prime cause for recurrence of early stage patients with curative resection, we reclassified all the “non-metastatic” samples as metastatic samples whenever the patients experienced tumour recurrence during follow-up after tumour resection. In this way, we were able to find distinct and reproducible DEGs between the reclassified metastatic and non-metastatic tissue samples and concordantly significant DNA methylation alterations distinguishing metastatic tissues and non-metastatic tissues of gastric cancer. Our analyses suggested that the follow-up recurrence information for patients should be employed in the research of tumour metastasis in order to decrease the confounding effects of false non-metastatic samples with undetected micrometastases. PMID:27109211

  19. HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Perception of Knowledge and Sources of Information among University Students in USA, Turkey, South Africa and Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abiona, Titilayo; Balogun, Joseph; Yohannes, Eden; Adefuye, Adedeji; Yakut, Yavuz; Amosun, Seyi; Frantz, Jose

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To examine HIV/AIDS knowledge, perceptions of knowledge and sources of HIV information among university students in four countries with different HIV prevalence rates. Methods: A survey was completed by 2,570 randomly selected university students from the USA, Turkey, South Africa and Nigeria. Logistic regression analysis was used to…

  20. Readability and Test-Retest Reliability of a Psychometric Instrument Designed to Assess HIV/AIDS Attitudes, Beliefs, Behaviours and Sources of HIV Prevention Information of Young Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balogun, Joseph; Abiona, Titilayo; Lukobo-Durrell, Mainza; Adefuye, Adedeji; Amosun, Seyi; Frantz, Jose; Yakut, Yavuz

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This comparative study evaluated the readability and test-retest reliability of a questionnaire designed to assess the attitudes, beliefs behaviours and sources of information about HIV/AIDS among young adults recruited from universities in the United States of America (USA), Turkey and South Africa. Design/Setting: The instrument was…

  1. Source Preferences and the Displacement/Supplement Effect between Internet and Traditional Sources of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV/AIDS Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lu, Hung-Yi

    2009-01-01

    This investigation examines the source preferences and the displacement/supplement effect of traditional and new channel usage as Taiwanese college students search for information about sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS from the Internet. The study involved 535 junior and senior college students from four universities. Analytical results…

  2. Toxic Substances: Information on Costs and Financial Aid to Schools To Control Asbestos. Fact Sheet for the Honorable John J. La Falce, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Div.

    Information on the costs of and financial aid available to schools for asbestos abatement is provided in this report. Data are based on interviews with officials from 15 school districts in 5 states--Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Section 1 provides background on the use of asbestos in buildings, health problems, federal…

  3. The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012: Rationale, Methods, Description of Participants, and Response Rates

    PubMed Central

    Waruiru, Wanjiru; Kim, Andrea A.; Kimanga, Davies O.; Ng’ang’a, James; Schwarcz, Sandra; Kimondo, Lucy; Ng’ang’a, Anne; Umuro, Mamo; Mwangi, Mary; Ojwang’, James K.; Maina, William K.

    2016-01-01

    Background Cross-sectional population-based surveys are essential surveillance tools for tracking changes in HIV epidemics. In 2007, Kenya implemented the first AIDS Indicator Survey [Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) 2007)], a nationally representative, population-based survey that collected demographic and behavioral data and blood specimens from individuals aged 15–64 years. Kenya’s second AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS 2012) was conducted to monitor changes in the epidemic, evaluate HIV prevention, care, and treatment initiatives, and plan for an efficient and effective response to the HIV epidemic. Methods KAIS 2012 was a cross-sectional 2-stage cluster sampling design, household-based HIV serologic survey that collected information on households as well as demographic and behavioral data from Kenyans aged 18 months to 64 years. Participants also provided blood samples for HIV serology and other related tests at the National HIV Reference Laboratory. Results Among 9300 households sampled, 9189 (98.8%) were eligible for the survey. Of the eligible households, 8035 (87.4%) completed household-level questionnaires. Of 16,383 eligible individuals aged 15–64 years and emancipated minors aged less than 15 years in these households, 13,720 (83.7%) completed interviews; 11,626 (84.7%) of the interviewees provided a blood specimen. Of 6302 eligible children aged 18 months to 14 years, 4340 (68.9%) provided a blood specimen. Of the 2094 eligible children aged 10–14 years, 1661 (79.3%) completed interviews. Conclusions KAIS 2012 provided representative data to inform a strategic response to the HIV epidemic in the country. PMID:24732819

  4. HIV / AIDS

    MedlinePlus

    ... Marketing Share this: Main Content Area Understanding HIV/AIDS AIDS was first reported in the United States in ... and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or ...

  5. 5 CFR 370.103 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EXCHANGE...) Work in the field of information technology management; (2) Be considered an exceptional employee by... increased information technology management responsibilities in the future. (b) To be eligible for a...

  6. The experiences of people living with HIV/AIDS and of their direct informal caregivers in a resource-poor setting

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background HIV/AIDS is a critical concern in South Africa, where extreme poverty and gender issues are major determinants of health. A comprehensive home-based care programme is needed to lessen the burden placed on the caregivers of those suffering from HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the challenges faced by people who are living with HIV/AIDS and by their caregivers in resource-poor, remote South African villages. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted with nine persons living with HIV/AIDS and their nine direct informal caregivers. Interviews explored the themes of physical, emotional and social wellbeing. Two focus groups, one involving community leaders and one with local health care providers, were conducted to build on themes emerging from the in-depth interviews. A thematic analysis of the transcripts was performed. Results This study sheds light on the needs of persons living with HIV/AIDS and the needs of their direct informal caregivers in a rural area of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. These needs include: physical/medical, social, material, financial, physiological/emotional, gender issues, and instrumental. Conclusions In developing home-based care programmes, it is vital to consider the perceived needs of persons living with HIV/AIDS and their direct informal caregivers. The results from this study serve as a basis for the development of a home-based care programme in one resource-poor setting of South Africa and could provide a model for such programmes in similar areas. PMID:20540714

  7. Improving the Financial Aid Process for Community College Students: A Literature Review of FAFSA Simplification, Information, and Verification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, J. Cody

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that community college and other low income students have the most need regarding the financial aid process. Community college students are less likely to complete the free application for federal student aid (FAFSA) than students at public and private four-year and for-profit institutions. Surveys have shown that the complexity…

  8. Connecting the disconnected: adult day care for people with AIDS in New York City.

    PubMed

    Smith, M Y; Knickman, J R; Oppenheimer, L M

    1992-11-01

    Despite pressing need, the development of a continuum of long-term-care services for people with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been hampered by the dearth of information on the characteristics and service needs of patients eligible for such care. This article presents findings from a process evaluation of an outpatient day care program for people with AIDS in New York City. The AIDS clients were highly functional but had a diverse range of needs and problems related to housing, substance abuse, medical care, and social support. The majority of clients reported being very satisfied with the level of staff support and with the overall program. The findings of the study suggest that day care is a valuable addition to the continuum of services and that the creative dissemination of this program may improve the delivery of services to people with AIDS. PMID:1478553

  9. Social support seeking and self-efficacy-building strategies in enhancing the emotional well-being of informal HIV/AIDS caregivers in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Okeke, Bernedette Okwuchukwu

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the relative efficacy of social support seeking (SSS) and self-efficacy building (SEB) in the management of emotional well-being of caregivers of people suffering from HIV/AIDS. It was based at the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) center in the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo state, being the first and the largest teaching hospital in Nigeria. A 3 × 2 factorial design consisting of treatment and a control group was used. The columns have two levels of gender being male and female caregivers. One-hundred and sixty-five (165) caregivers who were taking care of people that are suffering from HIV/AIDS were purposively selected and randomly assigned to the treatment groups and control. The treatment was carried out for a period of eight weeks. Two null hypotheses were tested, both at .05 levels of significance. Data were collected with the use of standardized intruments rating scale; social support scale, general self-efficacy scale and emotional well-being scale. ANCOVA was used to establish significant treatment effects with the pretest as covariate. Even though SSS and SEB were both found to be effective in enhancing the emotional well-being of informal caregivers in this study when compared to the controls, SSS was significantly more effective than SEB in achieving this goal. Since the HIV/AIDS patients cannot be adequately cared for in the hospital settings due to severe shortages of material, personnel and time, serious efforts should be made by the three levels of the health care system viz: the primary, secondary and tertiary health care systems, to encourage the employment of the psychological management of caregivers of people suffering from HIV/AIDS. Also, the psychologists, clinical psychologists and the significant others should be encouraged to employ this psychological management in the care of HIV/AIDS informal caregivers. PMID:26831832

  10. InterVA versus Spectrum: how comparable are they in estimating AIDS mortality patterns in Nairobi's informal settlements?

    PubMed Central

    Oti, Samuel Oji; Wamukoya, Marilyn; Mahy, Mary; Kyobutungi, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Background The Spectrum computer package is used to generate national AIDS mortality estimates in settings where vital registration systems are lacking. Similarly, InterVA-4 (the latest version of the InterVA programme) is used to estimate cause-of-mortality data in countries where cause-specific mortality data are not available. Objective This study aims to compare trends in adult AIDS-related mortality estimated by Spectrum with trends from the InterVA-4 programme applied to data from a Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Nairobi, Kenya. Design A Spectrum model was generated for the city of Nairobi based on HIV prevalence data for Nairobi and national antiretroviral therapy coverage, underlying mortality, and migration assumptions. We then used data, generated through verbal autopsies, on 1,799 deaths that occurred in the HDSS area from 2003 to 2010 among adults aged 15–59. These data were then entered into InterVA-4 to estimate causes of death using probabilistic modelling. Estimates of AIDS-related mortality rates and all-cause mortality rates from Spectrum and InterVA-4 were compared and presented as annualised trends. Results Spectrum estimated that HIV prevalence in Nairobi was 7%, while the HDSS site measured 12% in 2010. Despite this difference, Spectrum estimated higher levels of AIDS-related mortality. Between 2003 and 2010, the proportion of AIDS-related mortality in Nairobi decreased from 63 to 40% according to Spectrum and from 25 to 16% according to InterVA. The net AIDS-related mortality in Spectrum was closer to the combined mortality rates when AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) deaths were included for InterVA-4. Conclusion Overall trends in AIDS-related deaths from both methods were similar, although the values were closer when TB deaths were included in InterVA. InterVA-4 might not accurately differentiate between TB and AIDS deaths. PMID:24160914

  11. 7 CFR 4288.110 - Applicant eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program... requirements associated with advanced biofuel producer eligibility, biofuel eligibility, eligibility... not eligible for this Program. (a) Eligible producer. The applicant must be an advanced...

  12. 7 CFR 4288.110 - Applicant eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program... requirements associated with advanced biofuel producer eligibility, biofuel eligibility, eligibility... not eligible for this Program. (a) Eligible producer. The applicant must be an advanced...

  13. Teaching Children about AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koop, C. Everett

    1987-01-01

    Calls for more education as the immediate preventative measure against acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Discusses the known ways that AIDS is transmitted and cautions that many innocent people may also contract the disease. Promotes the presentation of accurate and personally sensitive information to children. (TW)

  14. AIDS: Children Too.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lejeune, Genevieve, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This journal issue is devoted to the many problems faced by children with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) who live in both developing and developed countries. Section 1 provides general information on the pandemic, defining AIDS and exploring the social aspects of the disease. It also addresses child health, child mortality, moral and…

  15. Decision aids for localized prostate cancer treatment choice: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Violette, Philippe D; Agoritsas, Thomas; Alexander, Paul; Riikonen, Jarno; Santti, Henrikki; Agarwal, Arnav; Bhatnagar, Neera; Dahm, Philipp; Montori, Victor; Guyatt, Gordon H; Tikkinen, Kari A O

    2015-01-01

    Patients who are diagnosed with localized prostate cancer need to make critical treatment decisions that are sensitive to their values and preferences. The role of decision aids in facilitating these decisions is unknown. The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized trials of decision aids for localized prostate cancer. Teams of 2 reviewers independently identified, selected, and abstracted data from 14 eligible trials (n = 3377 men), of which 10 were conducted in North America. Of these, 11 trials compared decision aids with usual care, and 3 trials compared decision aids with other decision aids. Two trials suggested a modest positive impact on decisional regret. Results across studies varied widely for decisional conflict (4 studies), satisfaction with decision (2 studies), and knowledge (2 studies). No impact on treatment choices was observed (6 studies). In conclusion, scant evidence at high risk of bias suggests the variable impact of existing decision aids on a limited set of decisional processes and outcomes. Because current decision aids provide information but do not directly facilitate shared decision making, subsequent efforts would benefit from user-centered design of decision aids that promote shared decision making. PMID:25772796

  16. 20 CFR 634.3 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR MARKET INFORMATION PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE IV, PART E OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Comprehensive Labor Market Information System § 634.3 Eligible recipients. (a) For funds appropriated pursuant to JTPA title IV, part...

  17. 20 CFR 634.3 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR MARKET INFORMATION PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE IV, PART E OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Comprehensive Labor Market Information System § 634.3 Eligible recipients. (a) For funds appropriated pursuant to JTPA title IV, part...

  18. 32 CFR 241.4 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... increased information technology management responsibilities in the future; and (4) Must be compensated at... must meet citizenship requirements for Federal employment in accordance with 5 CFR 7.3 and 338.101, as... PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL § 241.4 Eligibility. (a) To...

  19. 77 FR 17529 - Request for Comments-Financial Eligibility Screening and Online Intake

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Request for Comments--Financial Eligibility Screening and Online Intake AGENCY: Legal Services Corporation... determining financial eligibility of applicants based on information collected through online systems....

  20. HIV / AIDS Network.

    PubMed

    1995-01-01

    The HIV/AIDS Network and the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) collaborated to produce the AIDS Candlelight Memorial at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), May 1995, and World AIDS Day activities on December 1, 1995. After the memorial, a fashion show, "Body Shots," provided a channel for information on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). On World AIDS Day, at the request of DOH, the Network provided speakers who lectured on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS in different government offices. Prior to World AIDS Day, the Network focused on strengthening its cohesiveness and building the capabilities of its member organizations through lectures and symposia during November. Network activities were coordinated by the Remedios AIDS Foundation with support from the other members of the Coordinating Council: Health Action Information Network (HAIN); Caritas; Kabalikat, Stop Trafficking of Pilopinos Foundation, Inc. (STOP);and the Library Foundation (TLF). The Coordinating Council elected for 1996 includes the Remedios AIDS Foundation, HAIN, Caritas, TLF, STOP, the Foundation for Adolescent Development (FAD), and the Salvation Army. PMID:12291699

  1. Food Stamp Quick Response Studies. Categorical Eligibility Descriptive Report. Final Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treesh, Kevin; Ruggles, Patricia

    This report reviews the impact of the categorical eligibility provision of the Food Security Act of 1985 (FSA) on the program participation, administrative costs, and error rates of the Food Stamp Program (FSP). The Act automatically granted eligibility for the FSP to households composed entirely of participants in the Aid to Families with…

  2. 7 CFR 245.5 - Public announcement of the eligibility criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR FREE AND REDUCED PRICE MEALS AND FREE MILK IN SCHOOLS § 245.5 Public announcement of the eligibility criteria. (a)...

  3. 32 CFR 99.5 - Eligibility for indemnification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA. (b) A State or locality is also eligible for an... criminal history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA on or before December 4, 1985....

  4. 32 CFR 99.5 - Eligibility for indemnification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA. (b) A State or locality is also eligible for an... criminal history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA on or before December 4, 1985....

  5. 32 CFR 99.5 - Eligibility for indemnification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA. (b) A State or locality is also eligible for an... criminal history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA on or before December 4, 1985....

  6. 32 CFR 99.5 - Eligibility for indemnification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA. (b) A State or locality is also eligible for an... criminal history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA on or before December 4, 1985....

  7. 32 CFR 99.5 - Eligibility for indemnification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA. (b) A State or locality is also eligible for an... criminal history record information to the DoD, OPM, or CIA on or before December 4, 1985....

  8. AIDS knowledge gaps: results from the first decade of the epidemic and implications for future public information efforts.

    PubMed

    Salmon, C T; Wooten, K; Gentry, E; Cole, G E; Kroger, F

    1996-01-01

    Throughout the first decade of AIDS, certain populations have been disproportionately affected by its spread, particularly men, blacks, Hispanics, and the young. Just as there are population differences in the spread of the disease, there are differences in knowledge about the disease as well. This article applies the knowledge gap framework to examine the nature and magnitude of gaps in knowledge among different populations. The analysis shows that persons of low education lag behind other groups in true-transmission knowledge (i.e., knowledge about ways in which HIV/AIDS actually is transmitted) and false-transmission knowledge (i.e., misconceptions about how the disease is spread). PMID:10947357

  9. Hearing Aids

    MedlinePlus

    ... more in both quiet and noisy situations. Hearing aids help people who have hearing loss from damage ... your doctor. There are different kinds of hearing aids. They differ by size, their placement on or ...

  10. AIDS (image)

    MedlinePlus

    AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is caused by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), and is a syndrome that ... life-threatening illnesses. There is no cure for AIDS, but treatment with antiviral medication can suppress symptoms. ...

  11. HIV/AIDS and Pediatric AIDS. The Arc Q & A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kowalski, Jo Anne T.

    This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and pediatric AIDS and applies this information to children in school settings. Questions and answers address the following topics: what the AIDS disease and HIV infection are; estimates…

  12. Hearing Aids

    MedlinePlus

    ... type and degree of loss. Are there different styles of hearing aids? Styles of hearing aids Source: NIH/NIDCD Behind-the- ... the ear canal and are available in two styles. The in-the-canal (ITC) hearing aid is ...

  13. National Institutes of Health, Office of AIDS Research

    MedlinePlus

    ... Contact Us Main Navigation for the Office of AIDS Research Homepage ABOUT OAR SCIENTIFIC AREAS STRATEGIC PLAN ... HIV/AIDS INFORMATION Welcome to the Office of AIDS Research. Welcome to the Office of AIDS Research ...

  14. Information, Affect and Action: Motivating Reduction of Risk Behaviors for HIV/AIDS in Kenya and Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.; Garcia, Fe; Apamo, Peter; Mutheu, Lucy; Ndege, Monica

    2012-01-01

    This study reports assessment of motivational and perceptual components of a youth and community AIDS awareness education program, focusing on effectiveness across program sites. The design of this investigation was quasi-experimental, with two intervention districts and one control each, in Kenya and Tanzania. Methods included questionnaires…

  15. Who Does Not Benefit from Federal and State Financial Aid Programs? Information Brief. Volume 7, Issue 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida Board of Governors, State University System, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This brief presents statistics showing that many students from middle-income and lower-income Florida families do not qualify for federal or state grants and scholarships, and that nearly half of state university system middle- and lower-income families do not receive benefits from federal or state financial aid programs. (Contains technical…

  16. Directory of Special Programs for Minority Group Members, 1974: Career Information Services, Employment Skills Banks, Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Willis L., Ed.

    The directory presents the following types of opportunities available to minority group members: scholarship, loan, and other financial aid programs; summer and school term educational programs designed to help educationally disadvantaged students; employment internships or short-term exchange programs; skills banks in 45 professional fields; and…

  17. 34 CFR 690.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION FEDERAL PELL GRANT PROGRAM Determination of Federal Pell Grant Awards § 690.61 Submission process... under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Student Aid Report or Institutional... Grant for an award year, the student must submit the relevant parts of the SAR to his or her...

  18. 34 CFR 690.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL PELL GRANT PROGRAM Determination of Federal Pell Grant Awards § 690.61... complete except under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Valid Student Aid Report... receive a Federal Pell Grant for an award year, the student must submit the relevant parts of the...

  19. 34 CFR 690.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL PELL GRANT PROGRAM Determination of Federal Pell Grant Awards § 690.61... complete except under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Valid Student Aid Report... receive a Federal Pell Grant for an award year, the student must submit the relevant parts of the...

  20. 34 CFR 690.61 - Submission process and deadline for a Student Aid Report or Institutional Student Information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL PELL GRANT PROGRAM Determination of Federal Pell Grant Awards § 690.61... complete except under the conditions set forth in 34 CFR 668.16(f) and 668.60. (b) Valid Student Aid Report... receive a Federal Pell Grant for an award year, the student must submit the relevant parts of the...

  1. 47 CFR 301.3 - Household eligibility and application process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Household eligibility and application process... application process. (a) To apply for and receive a coupon, an Eligible Household must: (1) Provide the name... address unless the applicant supplies information to identify the physical location of the household,...

  2. Perinatal HIV testing among African American, Caucasian, Hmong and Latina women: exploring the role of health-care services, information sources and perceptions of HIV/AIDS.

    PubMed

    Lee King, Patricia A; Pate, David J

    2014-02-01

    Perinatal HIV transmission disproportionately affects African American, Latina and potentially Hmong women in the United States. Understanding racially and ethnically diverse women's perceptions of and experiences with perinatal health care, HIV testing and HIV/AIDS may inform effective health communications to reduce the risk of perinatal HIV transmission among disproportionate risk groups. We used a qualitative descriptive research design with content analysis of five focus groups of African American, Caucasian, Hmong and Latina women of reproductive age with low socioeconomic status distinguished by their race/ethnicity or HIV status. A purposive stratified sample of 37 women shared their health-care experiences, health information sources and perceptions of HIV testing and HIV/AIDS. Women's responses highlighted the importance of developing and leveraging trusted provider and community-based relationships and assessing a woman's beliefs and values in her sociocultural context, to ensure clear, consistent and relevant communications. Perinatal health communications that are culturally sensitive and based on an assessment of women's knowledge and understanding of perinatal health and HIV/AIDS may be an effective tool for health educators addressing racial and ethnic disparities in perinatal HIV transmission. PMID:24150728

  3. Music and hearing aids.

    PubMed

    Madsen, Sara M K; Moore, Brian C J

    2014-01-01

    The signal processing and fitting methods used for hearing aids have mainly been designed to optimize the intelligibility of speech. Little attention has been paid to the effectiveness of hearing aids for listening to music. Perhaps as a consequence, many hearing-aid users complain that they are not satisfied with their hearing aids when listening to music. This issue inspired the Internet-based survey presented here. The survey was designed to identify the nature and prevalence of problems associated with listening to live and reproduced music with hearing aids. Responses from 523 hearing-aid users to 21 multiple-choice questions are presented and analyzed, and the relationships between responses to questions regarding music and questions concerned with information about the respondents, their hearing aids, and their hearing loss are described. Large proportions of the respondents reported that they found their hearing aids to be helpful for listening to both live and reproduced music, although less so for the former. The survey also identified problems such as distortion, acoustic feedback, insufficient or excessive gain, unbalanced frequency response, and reduced tone quality. The results indicate that the enjoyment of listening to music with hearing aids could be improved by an increase of the input and output dynamic range, extension of the low-frequency response, and improvement of feedback cancellation and automatic gain control systems. PMID:25361601

  4. Music and Hearing Aids

    PubMed Central

    Moore, Brian C. J.

    2014-01-01

    The signal processing and fitting methods used for hearing aids have mainly been designed to optimize the intelligibility of speech. Little attention has been paid to the effectiveness of hearing aids for listening to music. Perhaps as a consequence, many hearing-aid users complain that they are not satisfied with their hearing aids when listening to music. This issue inspired the Internet-based survey presented here. The survey was designed to identify the nature and prevalence of problems associated with listening to live and reproduced music with hearing aids. Responses from 523 hearing-aid users to 21 multiple-choice questions are presented and analyzed, and the relationships between responses to questions regarding music and questions concerned with information about the respondents, their hearing aids, and their hearing loss are described. Large proportions of the respondents reported that they found their hearing aids to be helpful for listening to both live and reproduced music, although less so for the former. The survey also identified problems such as distortion, acoustic feedback, insufficient or excessive gain, unbalanced frequency response, and reduced tone quality. The results indicate that the enjoyment of listening to music with hearing aids could be improved by an increase of the input and output dynamic range, extension of the low-frequency response, and improvement of feedback cancellation and automatic gain control systems. PMID:25361601

  5. AIDS in South Africa.

    PubMed

    Ijsselmuiden, C; Evian, C; Matjilla, J; Steinberg, M; Schneider, H

    1993-01-01

    The National AIDS Convention in South Africa (NACOSA) in October 1992 was the first real attempt to address HIV/AIDS. In Soweto, government, the African National Congress, nongovernmental organizations, and organized industry and labor representatives worked for 2 days to develop a national plan of action, but it did not result in a united effort to fight AIDS. The highest HIV infection rates in South Africa are among the KwaZulu in Natal, yet the Inkatha Freedom Party did not attend NACOSA. This episode exemplifies the key obstacles for South Africa to prevent and control AIDS. Inequality of access to health care may explain why health workers did not diagnose the first AIDS case in blacks until 1985. Migrant labor, Bantu education, and uprooted communities affect the epidemiology of HIV infection. Further, political and social polarization between blacks and whites contributes to a mindset that AIDS is limited to the other race which only diminishes the personal and collective sense of susceptibility and the volition and aptitude to act. The Department of National Health and Population Development's voluntary register of anonymously reported cases of AIDS specifies 1517 cumulative AIDS cases (October 1992), but this number is low. Seroprevalence studies show between 400,000-450,000 HIV positive cases. Public hospitals cannot give AIDS patients AZT and DDI. Few communities provided community-based care. Not all hospitals honor confidentiality and patients' need for autonomy. Even though HIV testing is not mandatory, it is required sometimes, e.g., HIV testing of immigrants. AIDS Training, Information and Counselling Centers are in urban areas, but not in poor areas where the need is most acute. The government just recently developed in AIDS education package for schools, but too many people consider it improper, so it is not being used. The poor quality education provided blacks would make it useless anyhow. Lifting of the academic boycott will allow South African

  6. 40 CFR 35.703 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Indoor Radon Grants (section 306... Consortium as eligible to apply for an Indoor Radon Grant if the Tribe or each member of the Intertribal... that information unique to the radon grant program required by paragraphs (a)(3) and (4) of...

  7. 40 CFR 35.703 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Indoor Radon Grants (section 306... Consortium as eligible to apply for an Indoor Radon Grant if the Tribe or each member of the Intertribal... that information unique to the radon grant program required by paragraphs (a)(3) and (4) of...

  8. 40 CFR 35.703 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Indoor Radon Grants (section 306... Consortium as eligible to apply for an Indoor Radon Grant if the Tribe or each member of the Intertribal... that information unique to the radon grant program required by paragraphs (a)(3) and (4) of...

  9. 40 CFR 35.703 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Indoor Radon Grants (section 306... Consortium as eligible to apply for an Indoor Radon Grant if the Tribe or each member of the Intertribal... that information unique to the radon grant program required by paragraphs (a)(3) and (4) of...

  10. 40 CFR 35.703 - Eligible recipients.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Environmental Program Grants for Tribes Indoor Radon Grants (section 306... Consortium as eligible to apply for an Indoor Radon Grant if the Tribe or each member of the Intertribal... that information unique to the radon grant program required by paragraphs (a)(3) and (4) of...

  11. 23 CFR 645.107 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... approved program and after the FHWA has authorized the STD to proceed in accordance with 23 CFR part 630... accordance with the provisions of 23 CFR 645.209(k). (Information collection requirements in paragraph (g... Relocations, Adjustments, and Reimbursement § 645.107 Eligibility. (a) When requested by the STD,...

  12. 32 CFR 241.4 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... must meet citizenship requirements for Federal employment in accordance with 5 CFR 7.3 and 338.101, as... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Eligibility. 241.4 Section 241.4 National... PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL (EFF. UNTIL 7-20-2012) §...

  13. 42 CFR 457.380 - Eligibility verification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... accept attestation of information needed to determine the eligibility of an individual for CHIP (either.... The terms of § 435.952 of this chapter apply equally to the State in administering a separate CHIP....

  14. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... subject to the provisions of 23 CFR part 810.106. (7) Reasonable public information and promotion expenses... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS CARPOOL AND.... Eligible costs for such systems may include costs of use or rental of computer hardware, costs of...

  15. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... subject to the provisions of 23 CFR part 810.106. (7) Reasonable public information and promotion expenses... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS CARPOOL AND.... Eligible costs for such systems may include costs of use or rental of computer hardware, costs of...

  16. 23 CFR 656.5 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... subject to the provisions of 23 CFR part 810.106. (7) Reasonable public information and promotion expenses... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS CARPOOL AND.... Eligible costs for such systems may include costs of use or rental of computer hardware, costs of...

  17. 32 CFR 241.4 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... citizenship requirements for Federal employment in accordance with 5 CFR 7.3 and 338.101, as well as any other... PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL § 241.4 Eligibility. (a) To be... to assume increased IT responsibilities in the future; (5) Be currently employed by an...

  18. 32 CFR 241.4 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... citizenship requirements for Federal employment in accordance with 5 CFR 7.3 and 338.101, as well as any other... PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL § 241.4 Eligibility. (a) To be... to assume increased IT responsibilities in the future; (5) Be currently employed by an...

  19. Computer-aided diagnosis workstation and teleradiology network system for chest diagnosis using the web medical image conference system with a new information security solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kaneko, Masahiro; Kakinuma, Ryutaro; Moriyama, Noriyuki

    2010-03-01

    Diagnostic MDCT imaging requires a considerable number of images to be read. Moreover, the doctor who diagnoses a medical image is insufficient in Japan. Because of such a background, we have provided diagnostic assistance methods to medical screening specialists by developing a lung cancer screening algorithm that automatically detects suspected lung cancers in helical CT images, a coronary artery calcification screening algorithm that automatically detects suspected coronary artery calcification and a vertebra body analysis algorithm for quantitative evaluation of osteoporosis. We also have developed the teleradiology network system by using web medical image conference system. In the teleradiology network system, the security of information network is very important subjects. Our teleradiology network system can perform Web medical image conference in the medical institutions of a remote place using the web medical image conference system. We completed the basic proof experiment of the web medical image conference system with information security solution. We can share the screen of web medical image conference system from two or more web conference terminals at the same time. An opinion can be exchanged mutually by using a camera and a microphone that are connected with the workstation that builds in some diagnostic assistance methods. Biometric face authentication used on site of teleradiology makes "Encryption of file" and "Success in login" effective. Our Privacy and information security technology of information security solution ensures compliance with Japanese regulations. As a result, patients' private information is protected. Based on these diagnostic assistance methods, we have developed a new computer-aided workstation and a new teleradiology network that can display suspected lesions three-dimensionally in a short time. The results of this study indicate that our radiological information system without film by using computer-aided diagnosis

  20. Reregistration eligibility document (RED): Oxalic acid

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    EPA is directed by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act as amended in 1988 (FIFRA '88) to review all pesticide products containing active ingredients initially registered before November 1, 1984, and to reregister those products that have a substantially complete data base and do not pose unreasonable adverse effects to people or the environment. This pesticide reregistration program is to be completed by the late 1990's. The Reregistration Eligibility Document (or RED) for oxalic acid discusses the scientific data and other information supporting EPA's regulatory conclusion that products containing a pesticide do not pose unreasonable risks when used as directed by Agency-approved labeling, and are eligible for reregistration.

  1. Perceptions of Prostate Cancer Screening Controversy and Informed Decision Making: Implications for Development of a Targeted Decision Aid for Unaffected Male First-Degree Relatives

    PubMed Central

    Gwede, Clement K.; Davis, Stacy N.; Wilson, Shaenelle; Patel, Mitul; Vadaparampil, Susan T.; Meade, Cathy D.; Rivers, Brian M.; Yu, Daohai; Torres-Roca, Javier; Heysek, Randy; Spiess, Philippe E.; Pow-Sang, Julio; Jacobsen, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Purpose First-degree relatives (FDRs) of prostate cancer (PC) patients should consider multiple concurrent personal risk factors when engaging in informed decision making (IDM) about PC screening. This study assessed perceptions of IDM recommendations and risk-appropriate strategies for IDM among FDRs of varied race/ethnicity. Design A cross-sectional, qualitative Setting Study setting was a cancer center in southwest Florida. Participants The study comprised 44 participants (24 PC patients and 20 unaffected FDRs). Method Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using content analysis and constant comparison methods. Results Patients and FDRs found the PC screening debate and IDM recommendations to be complex and counterintuitive. They overwhelmingly believed screening saves lives and does not have associated harms. There was a strongly expressed need to improve communication between patients and FDRs. A single decision aid that addresses the needs of all FDRs, rather than separating by race/ethnicity, was recommended as sufficient by study participants. These perspectives guided the development of an innovative decision aid that deconstructs the screening controversy and IDM processes into simpler concepts and provides step-by-step strategies for FDRs to engage in IDM. Conclusion Implementing IDM among FDRs is challenging because the IDM paradigm departs from historical messages promoting routine screening. These contradictions should be recognized and addressed for men to participate effectively in IDM. A randomized pilot study evaluating outcomes of the resulting decision aid is underway. PMID:24968183

  2. HIV-AIDS Patients' Evaluation of Health Information on the Internet: The Digital Divide and Vulnerability to Fraudulent Claims

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benotsch, Eric G.; Kalichman, Seth; Weinhardt, Lance S.

    2004-01-01

    Access to health information on the Internet has revolutionized how medical patients learn about their illnesses. Valuable information can be found online; however, many health Web sites contain inaccurate or misleading information. The authors surveyed 324 adults with HIV concerning their Internet use for obtaining health information. Health…

  3. The Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS, TB and Vector-borne Diseases in Informal Settlements: Challenges, Opportunities and Insights

    PubMed Central

    Mercado, Susan P.; Becker, Daniel; Edmundo, Katia; Mugisha, Frederick

    2007-01-01

    Today’s urban settings are redefining the field of public health. The complex dynamics of cities, with their concentration of the poorest and most vulnerable (even within the developed world) pose an urgent challenge to the health community. While retaining fidelity to the core principles of disease prevention and control, major adjustments are needed in the systems and approaches to effectively reach those with the greatest health risks (and the least resilience) within today’s urban environment. This is particularly relevant to infectious disease prevention and control. Controlling and preventing HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and vector-borne diseases like malaria are among the key global health priorities, particularly in poor urban settings. The challenge in slums and informal settlements is not in identifying which interventions work, but rather in ensuring that informal settlers: (1) are captured in health statistics that define disease epidemiology and (2) are provided opportunities equal to the rest of the population to access proven interventions. Growing international attention to the plight of slum dwellers and informal settlers, embodied by Goal 7 Target 11 of the Millennium Development Goals, and the considerable resources being mobilized by the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria, among others, provide an unprecedented potential opportunity for countries to seriously address the structural and intermediate determinants of poor health in these settings. Viewed within the framework of the “social determinants of disease” model, preventing and controlling HIV/AIDS, TB and vector-borne diseases requires broad and integrated interventions that address the underlying causes of inequity that result in poorer health and worse health outcomes for the urban poor. We examine insights into effective approaches to disease control and prevention within poor urban settings under a comprehensive social development agenda. PMID:17431796

  4. Eligibility requirements for advanced health informatics certification.

    PubMed

    Gadd, Cynthia S; Williamson, Jeffrey J; Steen, Elaine B; Andriole, Katherine P; Delaney, Connie; Gumpper, Karl; LaVenture, Martin; Rosendale, Doug; Sittig, Dean F; Thyvalikakath, Thankam; Turner, Peggy; Fridsma, Douglas B

    2016-07-01

    AMIA is leading the effort to strengthen the health informatics profession by creating an advanced health informatics certification (AHIC) for individuals whose informatics work directly impacts the practice of health care, public health, or personal health. The AMIA Board of Directors has endorsed a set of proposed AHIC eligibility requirements that will be presented to the future AHIC certifying entity for adoption. These requirements specifically establish who will be eligible to sit for the AHIC examination and more generally signal the depth and breadth of knowledge and experience expected from certified individuals. They also inform the development of the accreditation process and provide guidance to graduate health informatics programs as well as individuals interested in pursuing AHIC. AHIC eligibility will be determined by practice focus, education in primary field and health informatics, and significant health informatics experience. PMID:27358328

  5. Health care and AIDS.

    PubMed

    Peck, J; Bezold, C

    1992-07-01

    The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a harbinger for change in health care. There are many powerful forces poised to transform the industrialized health care structure of the twentieth century, and AIDS may act as either a catalyst or an amplifier for these forces. AIDS could, for example, swamp local resources and thereby help trigger national reform in a health care system that has already lost public confidence. AIDS can also hasten the paradigm shift that is occurring throughout health care. Many of the choices society will confront when dealing with AIDS carry implications beyond health care. Information about who has the disease, for example, already pits traditional individual rights against group interests. Future information systems could make discrimination based upon medical records a nightmare for a growing number of individuals. Yet these systems also offer the hope of accelerated progress against not only AIDS but other major health threats as well. The policy choices that will define society's response to AIDS can best be made in the context of a clearly articulated vision of a society that reflects our deepest values. PMID:10119289

  6. School-Based First Aid Training Programs: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reveruzzi, Bianca; Buckley, Lisa; Sheehan, Mary

    2016-01-01

    Background: This review examines the breadth of first aid training delivered to school students and the components that are age appropriate to adolescents. Method: Eligible studies included school-based first aid interventions targeting students aged between 10 and 18 years. Online databases were searched, for peer-reviewed publications available…

  7. Report on Institutional Eligibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    The federal government has traditionally relied on a variety of private accrediting bodies and state chartering and licensing authorities for determining eligibility and exercising direct supervision and consumer protection in education. As Federal financial assistance directly to students has expanded (3 million students received $6.4 million in…

  8. Contributions of Qualitative Research in Informing HIV/AIDS Interventions Targeting Black MSM in the United States.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Patrick A; Valera, Pamela; Martos, Alexander J; Wittlin, Natalie M; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel A; Parker, Richard G

    2016-01-01

    This article presents a systematic review of qualitative studies focusing on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States. We reviewed studies that were published between 1980 and 2014. Qualitative methods employed in the studies reviewed include in-depth interviews, focus groups, participant observation, and ethnography. We searched several databases (PubMed, PsychINFO, JSTOR, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, and Google Scholar) for relevant articles using the following broad terms: "Black men" "Black gay/bisexual" or "Black men who have sex with men," and "qualitative" and/or "ethnography." We include 70 studies in this review. The key themes observed across studies were (1) heterogeneity, (2) layered stigma and intersectionality, (3) risk behaviors, (4) mental health, (5) resilience, and (6) community engagement. The review suggests that sexual behavior and HIV-status disclosure, sexual risk taking, substance use, and psychological well-being were contextually situated. Interventions occurring at multiple levels and within multiple contexts are needed to reduce stigma within the Black community. Similarly, structural interventions targeting religious groups, schools, and health care systems are needed to improve the health outcomes among BMSM. Community engagement and using community-based participatory research methods may facilitate the development and implementation of culturally appropriate HIV/AIDS interventions targeting BMSM. PMID:26241373

  9. Contributions of Qualitative Research in Informing HIV/AIDS Interventions Targeting Black MSM in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Patrick A.; Valera, Pamela; Martos, Alexander J.; Wittlin, Natalie M.; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel A.; Parker, Richard G.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a systematic review of qualitative studies focusing on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States. We reviewed studies that were published between 1980-2014. Qualitative methods employed in the studies reviewed include: in-depth interviews, focus groups, participant observation, and ethnography. We searched the following databases: PubMed, PsychINFO, JSTOR, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, and Google Scholar for relevant articles using the following broad terms: “Black men” and/or “BMSM,” and “qualitative” and/or “ethnography.” Seventy studies were included in this review. The key themes observed across studies were: (1) heterogeneity, (2) layered stigma and intersectionality, (3) risk behaviors, (4) mental health, (5) resilience, and (6) community engagement. The review suggests that sexual behavior and HIV-status disclosure, sexual risk-taking, substance use, and psychological well-being were contextually situated. Interventions occurring at multiple levels and within multiple contexts are needed to reduce stigma within the Black community. Similarly, structural interventions targeting religious groups, schools, and health care systems are needed to improve the health outcomes among BMSM. Community engagement and using community-based participatory research methods may facilitate the development and implementation of culturally appropriate HIV/AIDS interventions targeting BMSM. PMID:26241373

  10. Focus On Financial Aid: Your Guide To Paying For College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Higher Education Services Office, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This guide to financial aid programs provides Minnesota students with information on types of aid, qualifications, and how to apply. In the first section, "What is Financial Aid," the guide focuses on the purpose of financial aid, the different sources of financial aid, and how to qualify for aid. The second section, "How Do I Apply for Financial…

  11. Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Mary A.

    This workbook assists college and vocational school bound American Indian students in determining their financial needs and in locating sources of financial aid. A checklist helps students assess the state of their knowledge of financial programs; a glossary defines terms pertinent to the realm of financial aid (i.e., graduate study programs,…

  12. Helping pregnant women make better decisions: a systematic review of the benefits of patient decision aids in obstetrics.

    PubMed

    Say, Rebecca; Robson, Stephen; Thomson, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Patient decision aids can be used to support pregnant women engaging in shared decisions, but little is known about their effects in obstetrics. The authors aimed to evaluate the effects of patient decision aids designed for pregnant women on clinical and psychosocial outcomes. Design Systematic review. Data on all outcomes were extracted and summarised. All studies were critically appraised for potential sources of bias and, when possible to obtain, the reported decision aids were evaluated. Meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity of outcomes in primary studies and the small number of studies. Data sources Electronic searches were performed using Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library and Medion databases from inception until December 2010. Reference lists of all included articles were also examined and key experts contacted. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Eligibility criteria included randomised controlled trials, which reported on patient decision aids for women facing any treatment decision in pregnancy published in English. Studies evaluating health education material that did not address women's values and preferences were excluded. Results Patient decision aids have been developed for decisions about prenatal testing, vaginal birth after Caesarean section, external cephalic version and labour analgesia. Use of decision aids is associated with a number of positive effects including reduced anxiety, lower decisional conflict, improved knowledge, improved satisfaction and increased perception of having made an informed choice. Conclusions Patient decision aids have the potential to improve obstetric care. However, currently the evidence base is limited by the small number of studies, the quality of the studies and because they involved heterogeneous decision aids, patient groups and outcomes. PMID:22189349

  13. Iranian epidemiological training programs for AIDS prevention in Mazandaran Province.

    PubMed

    Ebrahim, Hallajian

    2008-09-01

    The aim of this study to report data is derived from an investigation of the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices of AIDS prevention among the large the descendant of the Iranian prisoners. Using a multistage area sampling method, a random sample of individuals aged 18-65 years in southern coastwise of the Caspian Sea from February to December 2006. To select a representative sample of the prisoners' population within 5 different prisons in Mazandaran Province had the same probability to be sampled. Prisoners who agreed to participate were given a four-page self-administered questionnaire. 760 (88%) of the 2000 eligible participants completed the questionnaire. The mean age of respondents was 30.05 +/- 8.1 years ranging from 18 to 59, 1686 (95.8%) were male and mostly married 1054 (59.9%) and had received secondary education or above 1178 (66.9%). Most respondents (1690, 96%) had household income levels low or average and 716 (40.7%) were out of work. The findings indicated that the respondents had average to fairly good knowledge about AIDS. The correct answers ranged from 11.9% to about 85.9%. Also the results showed that the majority of the respondents were strongly agree or agree with the statement that people with AIDS should have social right to study or work (1378, 78.3%) or with the statement that AIDS is public health problem (1522, 86.5%). The majority of the respondents (1538, 83.4%) said that the mass media including radio, television and newspapers were the main source of their information about HIV/AIDS. Such findings suggest that prevention programs should be encourage and these might have the potential role to limit the emergence of Iran's HIV/AIDS epidemic especially in prison's this of country. PMID:19266924

  14. New Mexico AIDS InfoNet

    MedlinePlus

    ... English Español | Spanish नेपाली | Nepali About the AIDS InfoNet The AIDS InfoNet is an educational project ... site visitor and her/his healthcare provider. The AIDS InfoNet provides current information on HIV/AIDS treatment ...

  15. 34 CFR 300.113 - Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Routine checking of hearing aids and external... Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices. (a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids...

  16. 34 CFR 300.113 - Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Routine checking of hearing aids and external components... Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices. (a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids...

  17. 34 CFR 300.113 - Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Routine checking of hearing aids and external... Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices. (a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids...

  18. 34 CFR 300.113 - Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Routine checking of hearing aids and external components... Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices. (a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids...

  19. 34 CFR 300.113 - Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Routine checking of hearing aids and external... Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices. (a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids...

  20. Date of first positive HIV test: reliability of information collected for HIV/AIDS surveillance in the United States.

    PubMed Central

    Hall, H. Irene; Li, Jianmin; Campsmith, Michael; Sweeny, Patricia; Lee, Lisa M.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined the reliability of the first positive HIV test date reported in the U.S. HIV/AIDS Reporting System (HARS). This date is essential to determine case counts for resource allocation for HIV treatment and prevention efforts. METHODS: The dates of first positive HIV tests reported by individuals with HIV in an interview survey conducted in 16 states (n=16,394, interviewed 1995-2002) were compared with the dates of HIV diagnosis reported to HARS. The percentage of agreement for the year of diagnosis and the weighed kappa (k) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated. RESULTS: Self-reported year of diagnosis agreed with the year of diagnosis in HARS for 56% of date pairs (k=0.69; 95% CI 0.68, 0.70); 30% reported an earlier diagnosis year. Agreement differed by sex, age, race, exposure, and reason or place of testing (p<.01). Lower agreement was found when the self-reported diagnostic test was anonymous (k=0.57; 95% CI 0.52, 0.62) compared with confidential tests (k=0.66; 95% CI 0.64, 0.68). Lower agreement was also found for cases first reported with AIDS (k=0.58; 95% CI 0.55, 0.62) compared with cases first reported with HIV not AIDS (k=0.71; 95% CI 0.70, 0.73) as well as for participants interviewed three years or more after their HARS diagnosis date (k=0.55; 95% CI 0.52, 0.57) compared with those interviewed within one year (k=0.62; 95% CI 0.61, 0.63). More than 20% of participants in almost all groups, however, reported earlier diagnosis years than those recorded in HARS. CONCLUSION: As many as 30% of HIV diagnoses may have occurred earlier than recorded in HARS. Additional studies need to determine mechanisms to adequately capture diagnosis dates in HARS. PMID:15736337

  1. Assessment of laboratory logistics management information system practice for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis laboratory commodities in selected public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    PubMed Central

    Desale, Adino; Taye, Bineyam; Belay, Getachew; Nigatu, Alemayehu

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Logistics management information system for health commodities remained poorly implemented in most of developing countries. To assess the status of laboratory logistics management information system for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis laboratory commodities in public health facilities in Addis Ababa. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from September 2010-January 2011 at selected public health facilities. A stratified random sampling method was used to include a total of 43 facilities which, were investigated through quantitative methods using structured questionnaires interviews. Focus group discussion with the designated supply chain managers and key informant interviews were conducted for the qualitative method. Results There exists a well-designed logistics system for laboratory commodities with trained pharmacy personnel, distributed standard LMIS formats and established inventory control procedures. However, majority of laboratory professionals were not trained in LMIS. Majority of the facilities (60.5%) were stocked out for at least one ART monitoring and TB laboratory reagents and the highest stock out rate was for chemistry reagents. Expired ART monitoring laboratory commodities were found in 25 (73.5%) of facilities. Fifty percent (50%) of the assessed hospitals and 54% of health centers were currently using stock/bin cards for all HIV/AIDS and TB laboratory commodities in main pharmacy store, among these only 25% and 20.8% of them were updated with accurate information matching with the physical count done at the time of visit for hospitals and health centers respectively. Conclusion Even though there exists a well designed laboratory LMIS, keeping quality stock/bin cards and LMIS reports were very low. Key ART monitoring laboratory commodities were stock out at many facilities at the day of visit and during the past six months. Based on findings, training of laboratory personnel's managing laboratory commodities and keeping

  2. 38 CFR 17.47 - Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at... in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care. 17.47 Section 17.47... Nursing Home Care § 17.47 Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing...

  3. 38 CFR 17.47 - Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and on... in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care. 17.47 Section 17.47... Nursing Home Care § 17.47 Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing...

  4. 38 CFR 17.47 - Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at... in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care. 17.47 Section 17.47... Nursing Home Care § 17.47 Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing...

  5. 38 CFR 17.47 - Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at... in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care. 17.47 Section 17.47... Nursing Home Care § 17.47 Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing...

  6. 38 CFR 17.47 - Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at... in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing home or domiciliary care. 17.47 Section 17.47... Nursing Home Care § 17.47 Considerations applicable in determining eligibility for hospital, nursing...

  7. 42 CFR 436.211 - Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if they were not in medical institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (b) Would be eligible for aid or assistance under the State's approved plan under OAA, AFDC, AB, APTD... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Individuals who would be eligible for cash assistance if they were not in medical institutions. 436.211 Section 436.211 Public Health CENTERS...

  8. 17 CFR 269.1 - Form T-1, for statement of eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... affecting Form T-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees. 269.1 Section 269.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges... Form T-1, for statement of eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees. This form shall...

  9. 17 CFR 269.1 - Form T-1, for statement of eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... affecting Form T-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees. 269.1 Section 269.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges... Form T-1, for statement of eligibility and qualification for corporate trustees. This form shall...

  10. Developing common information elements for renewable energy systems: summary and proceedings of the SERI/AID workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Ashworth, J.H.; Neuendorffer, J.W.

    1980-06-01

    This report describes the activities, conclusions, and recommendations of the Workshop on Evaluation Systems for Renewable Energy Systems sponsored by the Agency for International Development and SERI, held 20-22 February 1980 in Golden, Colorado. The primary objectives of the workshop was to explore whether it was possible to establish common information elements that would describe the operation and impact of renewable energy projects in developing countries. The workshop provided a forum for development program managers to discuss the information they would like to receive about renewable energy projects and to determine whether common data could be agreed on to facilitate information exchange among development organizations. Such information could be shared among institutions and used to make informed judyments on the economic, technical, and social feasibility of the technologies. Because developing countries and foreign assistance agencies will be financing an increasing number of renewable energy projects, these organizations need information on the field experience of renewable energy technologies. The report describes the substance of the workshop discussions and includes the papers presented on information systems and technology evaluation and provides lists of important information elements generated by both the plenary sessions and the small working groups.

  11. Guide to the Production and Use of Audio-Visual Aids in Library and Information Science Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Anthony H.

    Designed particularly for use in developing countries, this guide provides information to help teachers of librarianship and information science make their own simple and effective audiovisual (AV) materials. It is noted that all illustrations in the guide may be duplicated or adapted as desired. Sections cover: (1) the advantages of using AV…

  12. Early & Often: Designing a Comprehensive System of Financial Aid Information. Abridged Report of the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Students and parents need ample time and accurate information to prepare for the financial burden of a college education--those who lack this knowledge base face a significant access barrier to higher education. The early intervention community is calling for a method of delivering age-appropriate information in a timely manner as one means of…

  13. HIV/AIDS Information Needs of Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic Patients: Content Analysis of Questions Asked during Prevention Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalichman, Seth C.; Cain, Demetria; Knecht, Joanna; Hill, Justin

    2008-01-01

    Basic factual information about disease is the cornerstone of health promotion and disease prevention interventions. Previous studies have shown that content analysis of the questions asked of service providers can elucidate the information needs of service consumers. Questions asked by individuals at known high risk for HIV infection have not…

  14. 14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section 151.95 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Standards § 151.95 Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a) Boundary... navigational aids is eligible for inclusion in a proj- ect whenever necessitated by development on the...

  15. 78 FR 31563 - Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical Services Waiver; Application Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Core Medical... amended by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Treatment Extension Act of 2009 (Ryan White Program or RWP), requires... antiretroviral drugs, for individuals with HIV/AIDS identified and eligible under the statute. The statute...

  16. 14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section 151.95 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Standards § 151.95 Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a) Boundary... navigational aids is eligible for inclusion in a proj- ect whenever necessitated by development on the...

  17. 14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section 151.95 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Standards § 151.95 Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a) Boundary... navigational aids is eligible for inclusion in a proj- ect whenever necessitated by development on the...

  18. 14 CFR 151.95 - Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... landing aids; and offsite work. 151.95 Section 151.95 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... Standards § 151.95 Fences; distance markers; navigational and landing aids; and offsite work. (a) Boundary... navigational aids is eligible for inclusion in a proj- ect whenever necessitated by development on the...

  19. Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid, 2008-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Federal Student Aid's core mission is to ensure that all eligible Americans benefit from federal financial assistance--grants, loans and work-study programs--for education beyond high school. The programs administered comprise the nation's largest source of student aid: during the 2007-08 school year alone, approximately $83 billion in new aid was…

  20. Funding Education beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid, 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Federal Student Aid's core mission is to ensure that all eligible Americans benefit from federal financial assistance--grants, loans and work-study programs--for education beyond high school. The programs administered comprise the nation's largest source of student aid: during the 2005-06 school year alone, approximately $78 billion in new aid was…

  1. Software aids plant management

    SciTech Connect

    Winiger, T. )

    1992-11-01

    This paper reports that for most utilities, computer aided engineering (CAE) systems are currently used for operating plant support rather than new plant design particularly for nuclear plant maintenance. For nuclear power generating utilities, switching to a modern, integrated CAE information system can offer significant benefits. During the last decade, however, most engineering automation in the power generation industry focused on computer-aided drafting and stand-alone engineering applications. An integrated CAE system can be a useful too, assisting engineers with many engineering and operational activities. It also can be used to manage the massive amount of information created throughout the life of a plant.

  2. Hearing Aid

    MedlinePlus

    ... and Food and Drug Administration Staff FDA permits marketing of new laser-based hearing aid with potential ... feeds Follow FDA on Twitter Follow FDA on Facebook View FDA videos on YouTube View FDA photos ...

  3. Teaching Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, W. Robert, Ed.

    1976-01-01

    Provides evaluations of several aids for teaching chemistry. Included are The Use of Chemical Abstracts, Practical Technical Writing, Infrared Spectroscopy Programs, and a film titled "You Can't Go Back." (RH)

  4. Uninsured but Eligible Children

    PubMed Central

    DeVoe, Jennifer E.; Krois, Lisa; Edlund, Christine; Smith, Jeanene; Carlson, Nichole E.

    2016-01-01

    Background Despite expansions in public health insurance programs, millions of US children lack coverage. Nearly two-thirds of Oregon’s uninsured children seem to be eligible for public insurance. Objectives We sought to identify uninsured but eligible children and to examine how parental coverage affects children’s insurance status. Methods We collected primary data from families enrolled in Oregon’s food stamp program, which has similar eligibility requirements to public health insurance in Oregon. In this cross-sectional, multivariable analysis, results from 2861 surveys were weighted back to a population of 84,087 with nonresponse adjustment. Key predictor variables were parental insurance status and type of insurance; the outcome variable was children’s insurance status. Results Nearly 11% of children, presumed eligible for public insurance, were uninsured. Uninsurance among children was associated with being Hispanic, having an employed parent, and higher household earnings (133–185% of the federal poverty level). Children with an uninsured parent were more likely to be uninsured, compared with those who had insured parents (adjusted odds ratio 14.21, 95% confidence interval 9.23–20.34). More surprisingly, there was a higher rate of uninsured children among privately-insured parents, compared with parents covered by public insurance (adjusted odds ratio 4.39, 95% confidence interval 2.00–9.66). Conclusions Low-income Oregon parents at the higher end of the public insurance income threshold and those with private insurance were having the most difficulty keeping their children insured. These findings suggest that when parents succeed in pulling themselves out of poverty and gaining employment with private health insurance coverage, children may be getting left behind. PMID:18162849

  5. Informal caregiving to persons with AIDS in the United States: caregiver burden among central cities residents eighteen to forty-nine years old.

    PubMed

    Turner, H A; Catania, J A

    1997-02-01

    Characteristics and caregiving experiences of friends and family members caring for people with AIDS (PWAs) were examined. Based on a probability sample of informal AIDS caregivers ages 18-49 living in central cities of the United States (n = 260), analyses were conducted to (a) identify the sociodemographic characteristics of young central city caregivers; and (b) examine the effects of caregiver characteristics (relationship to PWA, gender, race/ethnicity, income, sexual orientation, HIV status, perceived susceptibility), and level of objective caregiving demands, on subjective caregiver burden. Results indicate that the largest group of caregivers in this age category are male friends of the PWA--a group not typically found among caregivers to persons with other types of illnesses. In general, gay or bisexual caregivers, caregivers who have traditional family ties to the PWA, men relative to women, and lower income caregivers, report the greatest burden. While level of caregiving demands represents the most influential predictor of caregiver burden, white and male caregivers experience greater burden, independent of level of involvement and other caregiver characteristics. Receiving instrumental support with caregiving buffers the impact of high objective demands on subjective burden. PMID:9231995

  6. Financial Aid Handbook for High School Counselors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Scholarship Commission, Eugene.

    This booklet is intended to supply high school counselors in Oregon with information and forms that will aid in helping high school students obtain financial aid for higher education. It is divided into three parts. The first section, "About Student Financial Aid," provides information on how and when to apply and what happens after the…

  7. 76 FR 73021 - Agency Information Collection (Exam for Housebound Status or Permanent Need for Regular Aid and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ... Veterans Affairs, will submit the collection of information abstracted below to the Office of Management...: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW..., Enterprise Records Service. BILLING CODE 8320-01-P...

  8. 78 FR 35613 - Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) Information To Be Verified for the 2014-2015...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Free...: Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: For each award year... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jacquelyn C. Butler, U.S. Department of Education, Office of...

  9. The Options Handbook. Communicating with Prospective Students About Postsecondary Educational Options. Handbook Two: Information Dissemination Concerning Costs and Financial Aid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Mary S., Ed.; Berlet, Chip, Ed.

    In the present complex and changing context students and families are looking for information tools to help them identify financial planning constants to allow them to reduce the number of unknown factors that can be barriers to the completion of a personal financial package to cover the cost of higher education. This handbook is designed to…

  10. AIDS and economic disruption.

    PubMed

    Johnson, G S

    1996-10-01

    Child and adult mortality increases in Cameroon due to AIDS will cause life expectancy to fall by as many as 8 years, from just over 50 to just over 40 years. The social consequences of AIDS include grieving, stigmatizing, and the large-scale disruption of family and community structures. Widows and widowers due to AIDS mortality are affected differently from each other, with the widows of men who have died from AIDS facing potential sociocultural and economic hardship. The economic consequences of AIDS in Bamenda and elsewhere in Cameroon will occur mainly through the epidemic's impact upon the size and quality of the labor force. By killing a significant number of male and female workers aged 15-60 years, AIDS will reduce the size and growth rate of the labor force. Despite, rapid population growth, labor is a relatively scarce factor of agricultural production in Cameroon. The spread of HIV in rural areas, combined with the intensity and scarcity of agricultural labor, suggests that AIDS will have an impact upon production and per capita incomes, and increase the already high rates of hunger and absolute poverty. In the context of HIV/AIDS, young people must be empowered to make informed decisions about sex. Adolescents are most at risk because they tend to experiment more than married couples and have many sex partners. Sexual activity begins as early as age 8 years and penetrative sex at age 13 or earlier. The author considers the factors which encourage adolescents to engage in sexual activities. PMID:12293251

  11. Machine-Aided Indexing for NASA STI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, John

    1987-01-01

    Describes the use of machine aided indexing as part of NASA's information systems. The discussion covers reasons for incorporating machine aided indexing, the lexical dictionary used, subject switching, natural language processing, benefits to the system, and possible future developments. (CLB)

  12. AIDS Prevention Guide. The Facts about HIV Infection and AIDS. Putting the Facts to Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA.

    Many teenagers engage in behaviors that increase their risk of becoming infected with HIV. This document is a compilation of information about AIDS and HIV Infection, and provides suggestions for parents and other adults in discussing AIDS/HIV with young people. Basic facts are outlined, including what AIDS is and how HIV infection causes AIDS;…

  13. Who Receives Federal Student Aid?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Entrance Examination Board, Washington, DC.

    Information on federal student aid recipients by income, undergraduate and graduate level, and financial dependency status is presented for Pell Grants, campus-based programs, and Guaranteed Student Loans (GSL). Income data are reported for all aid recipients and for financially dependent and independent students for 1983-1984 and for 1976-1977,…

  14. The Changing Face of AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Cindy

    1998-01-01

    The New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center developed a self-guided Internet course to help New Mexico's rural health-care providers treat and counsel today's changing AIDS patients. The Center also provides on-site customized training to rural health-care providers, acts as an information center, and funds mini-sabbaticals during which…

  15. Design Information Acquisition Methods Regarding 748 and 749 (P.L. 94-484) Eligibility Requirements. Executive Summary, June 27, 1980-March 26, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Marcia S.; Licwinko, Mary Lou

    A project to develop a methodology to assess the impact of the priority requirements of the Health Professions Education Assistance Act (P.L. 94-484), Section 748 and 749 is summarized. Information on 21 schools of public health and 25 programs of health administration that received formula traineeship grants were utilized, and the evaluation was…

  16. 7 CFR 1421.302 - Eligible producer and eligible land.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the 2008 Through 2012 Crop of Wheat, Barley, Oats, and Triticale § 1421.302 Eligible producer and... producer of wheat, barley, oats, or triticale in the 2008 through 2012 crop years. Also, to be an eligible...) Producers who elect to graze 2008 through 2012 crop wheat, barley, oats, or triticale will not be...

  17. 34 CFR 99.21 - Under what conditions does a parent or eligible student have the right to a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....21 Under what conditions does a parent or eligible student have the right to a hearing? (a) An... the privacy rights of the student, it shall inform the parent or eligible student of the right to... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Under what conditions does a parent or eligible...

  18. Targeted Merit Aid: Implications of the Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Erik C.; Noland, Brian E.

    2007-01-01

    As the nation's newest broad-based merit aid program, the Tennessee Education Lottery Scholarship program's generous eligibility requirements may target the very students who are disproportionately left out of similar programs in other states. This article compares the scholarship eligibility rates of Tennessee students with three other states:…

  19. 7 CFR 755.4 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... FARMERS AND RANCHERS § 755.4 Eligibility. (a) To be eligible to receive payments under this part, a geographically disadvantaged farmer or rancher must: (1) Be a producer of an eligible agricultural commodity...

  20. 7 CFR 3575.27 - Eligible lenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.27 Eligible lenders. (a) Eligible lenders. Eligible... involving community development-type projects. These lenders must also be subject to credit examination...

  1. 7 CFR 3575.27 - Eligible lenders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... GENERAL Community Programs Guaranteed Loans § 3575.27 Eligible lenders. (a) Eligible lenders. Eligible... involving community development-type projects. These lenders must also be subject to credit examination...

  2. 42 CFR 418.20 - Eligibility requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPICE CARE Eligibility, Election and Duration of Benefits § 418.20 Eligibility requirements. In order to be eligible to elect hospice care under Medicare, an individual must be— (a)...

  3. Floriculture Aide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Joyce; Looney, Era

    Designed for use in a self-paced, open-entry/open-exit vocational training program for a floriculture aide, this program guide is one of six for teachers of adult women offenders from a correctional institution. Module topic outlines and sample lesson plans are presented on eleven topics: occupational opportunities in the retail florist industry;…

  4. Classroom Aids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article describes 6 aids for science instruction, including (1) the use of fudge to represent lava; (2) the "Living by Chemistry" program, designed to make high school chemistry more accessible to a diverse pool of students without sacrificing content; (3) NOAA and NSTA's online coral reef teaching tool, a new web-based "science toolbox" for…

  5. Mapping chemical structure-activity information of HAART-drug cocktails over complex networks of AIDS epidemiology and socioeconomic data of U.S. counties.

    PubMed

    Herrera-Ibatá, Diana María; Pazos, Alejandro; Orbegozo-Medina, Ricardo Alfredo; Romero-Durán, Francisco Javier; González-Díaz, Humberto

    2015-06-01

    Using computational algorithms to design tailored drug cocktails for highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on specific populations is a goal of major importance for both pharmaceutical industry and public health policy institutions. New combinations of compounds need to be predicted in order to design HAART cocktails. On the one hand, there are the biomolecular factors related to the drugs in the cocktail (experimental measure, chemical structure, drug target, assay organisms, etc.); on the other hand, there are the socioeconomic factors of the specific population (income inequalities, employment levels, fiscal pressure, education, migration, population structure, etc.) to study the relationship between the socioeconomic status and the disease. In this context, machine learning algorithms, able to seek models for problems with multi-source data, have to be used. In this work, the first artificial neural network (ANN) model is proposed for the prediction of HAART cocktails, to halt AIDS on epidemic networks of U.S. counties using information indices that codify both biomolecular and several socioeconomic factors. The data was obtained from at least three major sources. The first dataset included assays of anti-HIV chemical compounds released to ChEMBL. The second dataset is the AIDSVu database of Emory University. AIDSVu compiled AIDS prevalence for >2300 U.S. counties. The third data set included socioeconomic data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Three scales or levels were employed to group the counties according to the location or population structure codes: state, rural urban continuum code (RUCC) and urban influence code (UIC). An analysis of >130,000 pairs (network links) was performed, corresponding to AIDS prevalence in 2310 counties in U.S. vs. drug cocktails made up of combinations of ChEMBL results for 21,582 unique drugs, 9 viral or human protein targets, 4856 protocols, and 10 possible experimental measures. The best model found with the original

  6. 77 FR 15369 - Mobility Fund Phase I Auction GIS Data of Potentially Eligible Census Blocks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-15

    ... COMMISSION Mobility Fund Phase I Auction GIS Data of Potentially Eligible Census Blocks AGENCY: Federal... information system (GIS) data for the census blocks potentially eligible for Mobility Fund Phase I support to...-0432 (TTY). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a summary of the Mobility Fund Phase I Auction GIS...

  7. Importance of terrestrial surface density information and satellite-aided global gravity field models for high precision regional geoid computation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pock, Christian; Mayer-Gürr, Torsten; Rieser, Daniel; Kühtreiber, Norbert

    2015-04-01

    High precision regional geoid determination is a challenging task. Besides the quality of the input data, the quality of the global gravity field data and the density information is essential for a consistent treatment of the gravity field quantities within the remove-compute-restore procedure. In this investigation a surface density model based on geological observations is introduced, replacing the constant standard crustal density. The long-wavelength component of the gravity field is represented by the GOCO05s global gravity field model. The geoid computation is based on a Gauss-Markov model with radial basis function parametrization. The achieved improvements are remarkable and lead to an unprecedented accuracy of the pure gravimetric geoid in Austria. As final outcomes a new geoid solution and a map for the xi and eta components of deflections of the vertical are computed. The achieved results are primarily validated with independent GPS/leveling observations. Secondly validation has been carried out through deflections of the vertical, obtained from precise zenith camera and astronomical measurements. Furthermore, differences between the current official Austrian geoid solution based on data from 2008 and the new estimated geoid are shown. An overview about the achieved improvements and the validation is given in the presentation.

  8. Ontology-aided annotation, visualization, and generalization of geological time-scale information from online geological map services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Xiaogang; Carranza, Emmanuel John M.; Wu, Chonglong; van der Meer, Freek D.

    2012-03-01

    Geological maps are increasingly published and shared online, whereas tools and services supporting information retrieval and knowledge discovery are underdeveloped. In this study, we developed an ontology of geological time scale by using a Resource Description Framework model to represent the ordinal hierarchical structure of the geological time scale and to encode collected annotations of geological time scale concepts. We also developed an animated graphical view of the developed ontology, and functions for interactions between the ontology, the animation and online geological maps published as layers of OGC Web Map Service. The featured functions include automatic annotations for geological time concepts recognized from a geological map, changing layouts in the animation to highlight a concept, showing legends of geological time contents in an online map with the animation, and filtering out and generalizing geological time features in an online map by operating the map legend shown in the animation. We set up a pilot system and carried out a user survey to test and evaluate the usability and usefulness of the developed ontology, animation and interactive functions. Results of the pilot system and the user survey demonstrate that our works enhance features of online geological map services and they are helpful for users to understand and to explore geological time contents and features, respectively, of a geological map.

  9. Dual-eligible dilemma.

    PubMed

    Ortolon, Ken

    2012-06-01

    Texas physicians are feeling the pinch of a decision Texas lawmakers made last year to drastically cut what the state will pay for "dual-eligible" patients - those who are old enough to qualify for Medicare and whose income qualifies them for Medicaid. On top of those cuts, a glitch in the computer systems that are supposed to communicate claims data between Medicare and the Medicaid program meant that thousands of claims for which Medicaid should have paid at least a portion of the bill were returned with zero payment. Texas Health and Human Services Commission officials say the computer glitch is resolved, but Texas Medical Association officials and physicians in the Rio Grande Valley say the damage may already be done. PMID:22714987

  10. HIV/AIDS Researchers Interaction with Schoolteachers: A Key to Combat AIDS among Brazilian Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashima, Simone; de Castro, Fabiola Attie; de Castro Amarante, Maria Fernanda; Barbieri, Marisa Ramos; Covas, Dimas Tadeu

    2008-01-01

    Considering the fact that information on HIV/AIDS is a strategy for disease control, this project was planned to provide comprehensive information about HIV infection and AIDS to schoolteachers and their students. Previous analysis of adolescent students' knowledge of HIV/AIDS showed that they still have doubts about transmission, diagnosis, and…

  11. A Decision Aid for Women Considering Neoadjuvant Systemic Therapy for Operable Invasive Breast Cancer: Development and Protocol of a Phase II Evaluation Study (ANZ1301 DOMINO)

    PubMed Central

    Butow, Phyllis; Hutchings, Elizabeth; Douglas, Charles; Coll, Joseph R; Boyle, Frances M

    2016-01-01

    Background Neoadjuvant systemic therapy is offered to selected women with large and/or highly proliferative operable breast cancers. This option adds further complexity to an already complex breast cancer treatment decision tree. Patient decision aids are an established method of increasing patient involvement and knowledge while decreasing decisional conflict. There is currently no decision aid available for women considering neoadjuvant systemic therapy. Objective We aimed to develop a decision aid for women diagnosed with operable breast cancer and considered suitable for neoadjuvant systemic therapy, and the protocol for a multicenter pre-post study evaluating the acceptability and feasibility of the decision aid. Methods The decision aid was developed through literature review, expert advisory panel, adherence to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards, and iterative review. The protocol for evaluation of the decision aid consists of the following: eligible women will undertake a series of questionnaires prior to and after using the decision aid. The primary endpoint is decision aid acceptability to patients and investigators and the feasibility of use. Secondary endpoints include change in decisional conflict, participant knowledge, and information involvement preference. Feasibility is defined as the proportion of eligible participants who use the decision aid to help inform their treatment decision. Results This study has recruited 29 out of a planned 50 participants at four Australian sites. A 12-month recruitment period is expected with a further 12-months follow-up. Conclusions The decision aid has the potential to allow patients with operable breast cancer, who have been offered neoadjuvant systemic therapy, decreased decisional conflict, and greater involvement in the decision. If this study finds that an online decision aid is feasible and acceptable, it will be made widely available for routine clinical practice. Trial Registration

  12. [2010-2011 Federal Student Aid Handbook with Active Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Student Aid, US Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This publication is intended for financial aid administrators and counselors who help students begin the aid process--filing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), verifying information, and making corrections and other changes to the information reported on the FAFSA. The Federal Student Aid Handbook consists of the Application and…

  13. Educating Students about HIV/AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorman, Phyllis

    1989-01-01

    Maintains that the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) issue presents two opportunities for feminist educators: providing basic information on AIDS and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and analyzing societal responses to AIDS in terms of a feminist perspective. Provides three classroom exercises designed to explore student attitudes…

  14. A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 10: The Pell Grant Program. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Module 10 of a 17-module self-instructional course in student financial aid administration (for novice student financial aid officers and other institutional personnel) examines the Pell Grant program's eligibility requirements and award calculation procedures. It is part of a complete system teaching management of federal financial aid programs…

  15. Aid and Advocacy: Why Community College Transfer Students Do Not Apply for Financial Aid and How Counselors Can Help Them Get in the Game

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handel, Stephen J.

    2008-01-01

    According to the American Council on Education, more than 1 million community college students failed to receive financial aid for which they were likely eligible. This is a startling statistic. Given that financial aid is such a critical determinant of college-going and that academic counselors are among students' most important advocates,…

  16. Public knowledge about AIDS increasing.

    PubMed

    Campbell, M J; Waters, W E

    1987-04-01

    In response to concern over the perceived limited effectiveness of Department of Health and Social Security (UK) advertising campaigns to inform the public of the basic facts of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a prospective questionnaire study was undertaken in Southampton, England to test the effectiveness of government education prior to a January, 1987 government television/leaflet advertising campaign. 300 questionnaires about AIDS were mailed in December of 1986 to a sample drawn from electoral rolls. The response rate was 61%. Most of the questions were drawn from material covered in the campaign. The results seemed to indicate a small overall increase in knowledge about AIDS. Some changes from a June survey were noted, e.g.: more people were aware that AIDS is a virus for which there is no cure and that it is not readily transmitted by sharing washing, eating or drinking utensils; more people believed that the statement that women are at greater risk for catching AIDS is false. Respondents were generally favorable to the government's continued use of television, even with explicit language, and to its use of the schools, for AIDS education. Many were not aware of the dangers to intravenous drug users or of the symptoms of AIDS. Other surveys have shown an increasing knowledge of AIDS dangers. It is possible that television coverage of the problem will continue to be necessary, in order that less literate populations be reached. Further AIDS health education in general is needed. PMID:3105789

  17. 23 CFR 511.307 - Eligibility for Federal funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Eligibility for Federal funding. 511.307 Section 511.307 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT REAL-TIME SYSTEM MANAGEMENT INFORMATION PROGRAM Real-Time System Management Information...

  18. 23 CFR 511.307 - Eligibility for Federal funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Eligibility for Federal funding. 511.307 Section 511.307 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT REAL-TIME SYSTEM MANAGEMENT INFORMATION PROGRAM Real-Time System Management Information...

  19. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    PubMed

    1987-02-01

    The International Planned Parenthood Medical Advisory Panel has developed recommendations to assist family planning associations in playing a more active role in the prevention and control of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Of primary importance is an effective program of information and education aimed at communicating the following facts: AIDS is a fatal disease for which there is no cure; AIDS is spread by sexual intercourse, contaminated blood, and contaminated needles; an infected woman can transmit AIDS to her fetus during pregnancy; a monogamous sexual relationship is the surest way to avoid AIDS infection; condom use is good protection; an infected person can look and feel well, yet still be able to transmit the AIDS virus; and AIDS is not spread by ordinary contact with an infected person. Family planning associations should include information on AIDS in all existing IEC projects, as well as develop new materials. Among the target audiences for IEC activities are family planning workers, family planning clients, and the general public including youth, teachers, parents, employers, and national leaders. Special attention should be given to high-risk groups such as homosexual and bisexual men, hemophiliacs, male and female prostitutes, clients of sexually transmitted disease clinics, people with many sexual partners, illegal users of intravenous drugs, and the sexual partners of those in any of these groups. Wide promotion of condom use is a priority activity for family planning organizations. PMID:12340977

  20. Medical versus surgical methods of early abortion: protocol for a systematic review and environmental scan of patient decision aids

    PubMed Central

    Donnelly, Kyla Z; Thompson, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Currently, we lack understanding of the content, quality and impact of patient decision aids to support decision-making between medical and surgical methods of early abortion. We plan to undertake a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature to identify, appraise and describe the impact of early abortion method decision aids evaluated quantitatively (Part I), and an environmental scan to identify and appraise other early abortion method decision aids developed in the US (Part II). Methods and analysis For the systematic review, we will search PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases for articles describing experimental and observational studies evaluating the impact of an early abortion method decision aid on women's decision-making processes and outcomes. For the environmental scan, we will identify decision aids by supplementing the systematic review search with Internet-based searches and key informant consultation. The primary reviewer will assess all studies and decision aids for eligibility, and a second reviewer will also assess a subset of these. Both reviewers will independently assess risk of bias in the studies and abstract data using a piloted form. Finally, both reviewers will assess decision aid quality using the International Patient Decision Aid Standards criteria, ease of readability using Flesch/Flesch-Kincaid tests, and informational content using directed content analysis. Ethics and dissemination As this study does not involve human subjects, ethical approval will not be sought. We aim to disseminate the findings in a scientific journal, via academic and/or professional conferences and among the broader community to contribute knowledge about current early abortion method decision-making support. Trial registration number This protocol is registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42015016717). PMID:26173718

  1. How Much Knowledge Can They Gain? Women's Information Behavior on Government Health Websites in the Context of HIV/AIDS Prevention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chong, Jing

    2010-01-01

    Women in the U.S. and all over the world are more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS because of both behavioral and contextual factors. HIV/AIDS prevention education on government health websites plays an important role in reducing this health inequality for women. However, contrary to the assumption of Rimal and Real's (2003) Risk Perception Attitude…

  2. An adaptive incremental approach to constructing ensemble classifiers: Application in an information-theoretic computer-aided decision system for detection of masses in mammograms

    SciTech Connect

    Mazurowski, Maciej A.; Zurada, Jacek M.; Tourassi, Georgia D.

    2009-07-15

    Ensemble classifiers have been shown efficient in multiple applications. In this article, the authors explore the effectiveness of ensemble classifiers in a case-based computer-aided diagnosis system for detection of masses in mammograms. They evaluate two general ways of constructing subclassifiers by resampling of the available development dataset: Random division and random selection. Furthermore, they discuss the problem of selecting the ensemble size and propose two adaptive incremental techniques that automatically select the size for the problem at hand. All the techniques are evaluated with respect to a previously proposed information-theoretic CAD system (IT-CAD). The experimental results show that the examined ensemble techniques provide a statistically significant improvement (AUC=0.905{+-}0.024) in performance as compared to the original IT-CAD system (AUC=0.865{+-}0.029). Some of the techniques allow for a notable reduction in the total number of examples stored in the case base (to 1.3% of the original size), which, in turn, results in lower storage requirements and a shorter response time of the system. Among the methods examined in this article, the two proposed adaptive techniques are by far the most effective for this purpose. Furthermore, the authors provide some discussion and guidance for choosing the ensemble parameters.

  3. HIV/AIDS Basics

    MedlinePlus

    ... Enter ZIP code or city Follow Act Against AIDS Act Against AIDS @talkHIV Act Against AIDS Get Email Updates on AAA Anonymous Feedback HIV/AIDS Media Infographics Syndicated Content Podcasts Slide Sets HIV/ ...

  4. Welfare Eligibility: Deficit Reduction Act Income Verification Issues. Fact Sheet for the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    This income and eligibility verification system (IEVS) database was created to aid the implementation of data exchanges among federal and state agencies. These exchanges are important for income and eligibility verification of persons who receive benefits from welfare and unemployment programs. Attempts are being made to match the computer…

  5. Women and AIDS.

    PubMed

    Edemikpong, N B

    1990-01-01

    While the origin of the AIDS virus remains controversial, it is indisputable that AIDS is spreading worldwide. By June 1987, the World Health Organization estimated that 50 million Africans were infected with HIV and that the disease was epidemic in many parts of the continent. However, African governments chose to deny the threat of the disease. The AIDS crisis has diverted resources from other vital areas of disease prevention, health promotion, and research. Whereas AIDS is spread in developed nations by sexual promiscuity, by drug addicts sharing unclean hypodermic needles, and by homosexual behavior, in Africa cultural factors contribute to the transmission of AIDS. Female genital mutilation leads to extensive laceration of the female genitals upon initiation of sexual intercourse and/or to substitution of anal sex during the weeks and months before vaginal penetration can be achieved. In addition, the reuse of the same knives during the mutilation can spread HIV infection. Other factors that contribute to the spread of HIV in Africa include the patriarchal practice of polygamy, the subordinate position of women that makes them unable to insist on protection during intercourse, and a failure to screen blood used in transfusions. With all of these risk factors at play, women at the grassroots level must be equipped with the health education that is the only available tool to fight AIDS. Women's organizations can provide information and education to people at risk of acquiring HIV, counsel infected persons, ensure the safety of the blood supply, and work to overcome harmful traditional practices. PMID:12317073

  6. AIDS--legal issues.

    PubMed

    Kirby, M

    1988-01-01

    Legal issues worldwide prompted by the AIDS epidemic are discussed, in a general way, since legal systems vary widely in different countries and localities. WHO publishes a tabulation of legal instruments dealing with AIDS and HIV infection. Criminal laws intended to protect people from harm from HIV infection have been enacted, such as a penalty for unprotected sexual intercourse by infected persons, in some Australian states. Knowing spread of HIV already amounts to a crime in many systems. The U.S. Supreme Court has already ruled that states do not violate the constitution for punishing homosexuals for consensual sodomy, nor the Army for discharging homosexuals. Quarantine law is a civil matter, but may provide penalties stricter than criminal penalties, without as much protection. No quarantines against AIDS have been enacted, although some countries require screening of immigrants. Legal issues regarding screening, liability of suppliers of blood products, and tracing of sexual partners are much discussed. Stigmatization of minority and alienated groups such as homosexuals, prostitutes, migrants, drug users and prisoners is a tricky legal problem. The apparent failure of the criminalization of drug users and how to contain the spread of AIDS into the drug free population may prompt drastic new solutions. Other legal issues drawing attention include regulation of health insurance, changes in family law, pre-marriage HIV tests, screening for HIV ostensibly to detect HIV-associated dementia, liability protection for developers and testers of vaccines, and euthanasia and the treatment of the deceased. The legal system tends to lag behind medicine. In the case of AIDS, it cannot afford to delay, therefore effective legal strategies will include effective media presentation of AIDS information to the general public; ready and cheap supply of condoms; and a new approach to illegal drugs. PMID:3147672

  7. 7 CFR 1160.114 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligible organization. 1160.114 Section 1160.114... Order Definitions § 1160.114 Eligible organization. Eligible organization means an organization eligible... organization pursuant to section 501(c) (3), (5), or (6) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 501(c) (3),...

  8. 7 CFR 1260.114 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligible organization. 1260.114 Section 1260.114... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.114 Eligible organization. Eligible organization means any organization which has been certified by the Secretary pursuant to the Act and this part as being eligible...

  9. 7 CFR 63.5 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligible organization. 63.5 Section 63.5 Agriculture... IMPROVEMENT CENTER General Provisions Definitions § 63.5 Eligible organization. Eligible organization means any national organization that meets the criteria provided for in § 63.105 as being eligible to...

  10. 24 CFR 206.45 - Eligible properties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... marketable. Conveyance of the property may only be restricted as permitted under 24 CFR 203.41 or 24 CFR 234... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Eligible properties. 206.45 Section... CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility; Endorsement Eligible Properties § 206.45 Eligible properties....

  11. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Director eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Director eligibility. 1261.5 Section 1261.5... DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Director eligibility. (a) Eligibility requirements for member directors. Each member director, and each nominee to...

  12. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Director eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Director eligibility. 1261.5 Section 1261.5... DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Director eligibility. (a) Eligibility requirements for member directors. Each member director, and each nominee to...

  13. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Director eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Director eligibility. 1261.5 Section 1261.5... DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Director eligibility. (a) Eligibility requirements for member directors. Each member director, and each nominee to...

  14. 12 CFR 1261.5 - Director eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Director eligibility. 1261.5 Section 1261.5... DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan Bank Boards of Directors: Eligibility and Elections § 1261.5 Director eligibility. (a) Eligibility requirements for member directors. Each member director, and each nominee to...

  15. 25 CFR 700.181 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Replacement Housing Payments § 700.181 Eligibility. (a) Basic eligibility requirements. A certified eligible head of.../she is not a member, is eligible for the replacement housing payment specified at § 700.183(a)....

  16. 25 CFR 700.181 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Replacement Housing Payments § 700.181 Eligibility. (a) Basic eligibility requirements. A certified eligible head of.../she is not a member, is eligible for the replacement housing payment specified at § 700.183(a)....

  17. 25 CFR 700.181 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Replacement Housing Payments § 700.181 Eligibility. (a) Basic eligibility requirements. A certified eligible head of.../she is not a member, is eligible for the replacement housing payment specified at § 700.183(a)....

  18. 25 CFR 700.181 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Replacement Housing Payments § 700.181 Eligibility. (a) Basic eligibility requirements. A certified eligible head of.../she is not a member, is eligible for the replacement housing payment specified at § 700.183(a)....

  19. 25 CFR 700.181 - Eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES Replacement Housing Payments § 700.181 Eligibility. (a) Basic eligibility requirements. A certified eligible head of.../she is not a member, is eligible for the replacement housing payment specified at § 700.183(a)....

  20. 38 CFR 21.9520 - Basic eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Basic eligibility. 21.9520 Section 21.9520 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Post-9/11 GI Bill Eligibility § 21.9520 Basic eligibility. An individual may establish eligibility...

  1. 13 CFR 301.2 - Applicant eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Section 301.2 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ELIGIBILITY, INVESTMENT RATE AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS Applicant Eligibility § 301.2 Applicant eligibility... Eligible Applicant that is a non-profit organization must include in its application for...

  2. 13 CFR 301.2 - Applicant eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Section 301.2 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ELIGIBILITY, INVESTMENT RATE AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS Applicant Eligibility § 301.2 Applicant eligibility... Eligible Applicant that is a non-profit organization must include in its application for...

  3. 13 CFR 301.2 - Applicant eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Section 301.2 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ELIGIBILITY, INVESTMENT RATE AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS Applicant Eligibility § 301.2 Applicant eligibility... Eligible Applicant that is a non-profit organization must include in its application for...

  4. 7 CFR 1260.114 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligible organization. 1260.114 Section 1260.114... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.114 Eligible organization. Eligible organization means any organization which has been certified by the Secretary pursuant to the Act and this part as being eligible...

  5. 7 CFR 1160.114 - Eligible organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Eligible organization. 1160.114 Section 1160.114... Order Definitions § 1160.114 Eligible organization. Eligible organization means an organization eligible... organization pursuant to section 501(c) (3), (5), or (6) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 501(c) (3),...

  6. Computer aided production engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This book presents the following contents: CIM in avionics; computer analysis of product designs for robot assembly; a simulation decision mould for manpower forecast and its application; development of flexible manufacturing system; advances in microcomputer applications in CAD/CAM; an automated interface between CAD and process planning; CAM and computer vision; low friction pneumatic actuators for accurate robot control; robot assembly of printed circuit boards; information systems design for computer integrated manufacture; and a CAD engineering language to aid manufacture.

  7. SEER Informational Guidebook Training Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baylis, Paula

    This book includes topics on the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results reporting of human cancer. An anatomy section describes various systems of the human body, emphasizing those sites with high incidence of cancer. A general reference section describes weights and measures, pathology and histology, diagnostic techniques, and medical…

  8. Development of an ICF-based eligibility procedure for education in Switzerland

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Starting in January 2011, Switzerland will implement a multidimensional, context-sensitive procedure to establish eligibility in education systems. This paper provides a brief overview of the different eligibility-related practices with a special focus on children with disabilities. The paper then outlines the philosophical and conceptual framework of the eligibility procedure based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability. The different components and methodology applied to organise information in the process towards establishing eligibility are also presented. Finally, some observations are made regarding transparent and just applications of the eligibility procedure, and the implementation of this new eligibility procedure. PMID:21624193

  9. First aid advisor

    SciTech Connect

    Saffer, S.I.; Weng, Wen-Chang

    1996-12-31

    A knowledge-based system (KBS), First Aid Advisor (FAA), is developed to provide a guidance for either a trained or untrained person to take some emergent actions to rescue the victim from life-threatening hazard or to prevent from causing serious problem before the Emergency Medical Service System (EMS) personnels arrive the scene. The First Aid Advisor will collect victim`s information by interacting with the user through a sequence of questions, analyze the victim`s problem, and give instructions step by step before offering a final advice. Since all the possible conditions are taken into consideration, it will guide the user to perform first aid from the most to the least urgent step for the victim. Furthermore, it will offer a suitable first aid advice for victim and eliminate the possibility of wrong actions done by trained person due to carelessness or nervousness. Offering advice to handle problems involving life-threatening conditions is the main objective of this system. In this paper, we will describe six major components of FAA and their respective tasks. Decision tables and dependency diagrams used in FAA implementation will also be described. System performance issues will conclude the paper.

  10. Internet-based eligibility verification lowers costs, improves payment timeliness.

    PubMed

    Bingham, A

    2001-02-01

    Verification of claims eligibility traditionally is performed either through telephone communication between the payer's and provider's staff or through an EDI clearinghouse. These forms of verification offer inconsistent quality, often use out-of-date information, cost time and money, and may financially harm payers and providers by leading to delays in payments or claims denied after care has been rendered. Internet-based eligibility verification software reduces the number of rejected claims because it can access current information without using a clearinghouse. The software also allows earlier collection of copayments because these obligations can be identified accurately when care is rendered. By offering Internet-based eligibility verification, payers can help providers achieve financial benefits while gaining such benefits themselves. PMID:11271442

  11. 7 CFR 1484.14 - Is my organization eligible to participate in the Cooperator program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Is my organization eligible to participate in the... FOREIGN MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES General Information § 1484.14 Is my organization eligible to... nonprofit U.S. agricultural trade organization and contribute at least 50 percent of the value of...

  12. 7 CFR 1484.14 - Is my organization eligible to participate in the Cooperator program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Is my organization eligible to participate in the... FOREIGN MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES General Information § 1484.14 Is my organization eligible to... nonprofit U.S. agricultural trade organization and contribute at least 50 percent of the value of...

  13. 7 CFR 1484.14 - Is my organization eligible to participate in the Cooperator program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Is my organization eligible to participate in the... FOREIGN MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES General Information § 1484.14 Is my organization eligible to... nonprofit U.S. agricultural trade organization and contribute at least 50 percent of the value of...

  14. HIV / AIDS and the law.

    PubMed

    1997-09-01

    Since HIV is sexually transmitted, people living with AIDS and HIV (PWA/PHA) risk being stigmatized as immoral and promiscuous and they are often discriminated against in society. To this effect, the South African AIDS Law Project and Lawyers for Human Rights have developed a comprehensive resource manual detailing human rights with a special emphasis on issues relevant to PWA/PHA. The concept of the manual aimed to look at the legal and human rights questions that have been raised by the HIV/AIDS epidemic; inform people living with HIV/AIDS about their rights and the law; provide people working in businesses, trade unions, and nongovernmental organization with information about correct and incorrect responses to HIV/AIDS; and give victims of discrimination ideas on how to fight back. This manual initially introduces basic facts about HIV and AIDS and then describes the legal system and the Bill of Rights within the new South African Constitution. The main areas of focus in the manual include: 1) patient's medical rights, 2) employment rights, 3) women's rights, 4) the rights of lesbians and gay men, 5) the rights of youth and children, 6) the rights of prisoners, 7) social support for PWA, 8) HIV/AIDS and insurance law, 9) power of attorney and making wills, 10) criminal law, and 11) legal remedies, such as using the law to protect one's rights. PMID:12222382

  15. 22 CFR 202.2 - Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges. 202.2 Section 202.2 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OVERSEAS SHIPMENTS OF... development, relief, and rehabilitation in nations or areas designated by the Administrator of AID from...

  16. 22 CFR 202.2 - Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges. 202.2 Section 202.2 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OVERSEAS SHIPMENTS OF... development, relief, and rehabilitation in nations or areas designated by the Administrator of AID from...

  17. 22 CFR 202.2 - Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Shipments eligible for reimbursement of freight charges. 202.2 Section 202.2 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OVERSEAS SHIPMENTS OF... development, relief, and rehabilitation in nations or areas designated by the Administrator of AID from...

  18. Reducing Federal Loan Eligibility Would Hurt Students at For-Profit Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute for College Access & Success, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Some for-profit college industry lobbyists blame students for the high debt and default levels at their schools, claiming that their students borrow more than they need in federal loans. However, there is no evidence to support this claim, and giving colleges greater authority to reduce aid eligibility will make it harder for students to pay for…

  19. 38 CFR 17.198 - Department of Veterans Affairs approval of eligibility required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Department of Veterans Affairs approval of eligibility required. 17.198 Section 17.198 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Aid to States for Care of Veterans in State Homes § 17.198...

  20. [The AIDS myth in Venezuela].

    PubMed

    Mosquera, B

    1997-01-01

    The lack of knowledge and awareness about HIV in Venezuela is causing anxiety. Most Venezuelans still believe that AIDS is a disease that only homosexuals get and others believe that it is a punishment from God. To take control of the situation, adolescents need to be given prevention education, and the government needs to stop the false rumors. The Latin American AIDS Koalition (LAAK) and Venezuelans in the United States are working on providing education to the public and medications to people living with HIV/AIDS in Venezuela. Telephone numbers are provided for more information. PMID:11364949

  1. Does Merit Aid Program Design Matter? A Cross-Cohort Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Domina, Thurston

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-one US states currently offer some form of merit-based postsecondary financial aid, although the generosity and eligibility requirements of merit aid programs varies from state to state. This article uses nationally representative data from high school students in the early 1990s and the early 2000s to evaluate the relationship between the…

  2. Funding Education Beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid 2009-10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Federal Student Aid's core mission is to ensure that all eligible Americans benefit from federal financial assistance--grants, loans and work-study programs--for education beyond high school. The programs administered comprise the nation's largest source of student aid. Every year, the U.S. Department of Education provides more than $83 billion in…

  3. Manufacturing Aids

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    During a research program, MMTC/Textron invented a computer-aided automatic robotic system for spraying hot plasma onto a turbine blade. The need to control the thickness of the plasma deposit led to the development of advanced optical gaging techniques to monitor and control plasma spray build-up on blade surfaces. The techniques led to computerized optical gages for inspecting aircraft, industrial turbine blades, etc. MMTC offers 10 standard commercial robotic gages. The system also generates two dimensional profiles for assessing status and specifying repairs to the electromechanical cathodes used to make the parts. It is capable of accuracies to a ten-thousandth of an inch. An expanded product line is currently marketed. The gages offer multiple improvements in quality control and significant savings.

  4. 76 FR 45546 - Public Meeting on Recommendations for Improvement of Student Financial Aid Offer Forms...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ... Model Financial Aid Forms AGENCY: Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. ACTION... higher education (including financial aid administrators, registrars, and business officers), and... information regarding the financial aid offered. (6) Any other information the Secretary of...

  5. Bone Anchored Hearing Aid

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    conditions were successfully treated with antibiotics, and only 1% to 2% required surgical revision. Less than 1% required removal of the fixture. Other complications included failure to osseointegrate and loss of fixture and/or abutment due to trauma or infection. Effectiveness Studies showed that BAHAs were implanted in people who have conduction or mixed hearing loss, congenital atresia or suppurative otitis media who were not candidates for surgical repair, and who cannot use conventional bone conduction hearing aids. The need for BAHA is not age- related. Objective audiometric measures and subjective patient satisfaction surveys showed that BAHA significantly improved the unaided and aided free field and sound field thresholds as well as speech discrimination in quiet and in noise for former users of conventional bone conduction hearing aids. The outcomes were ambiguous for former users of air conduction hearing aids. BAHA has been shown to reduce the frequency of ear infection and reduce the discharge particularly among patients with suppurative otitis media. Patients have reported that BAHA improved their quality of life. Reported benefits were improved speech intelligibility, better sound comfort, less pressure on the head, less skin irritation, greater cosmetic acceptance and increase in confidence. Main reported shortcomings were wind noise, feedback and difficulty in using the telephone. Experts and the BAHA manufacturer recommended that recipients of a BAHA implant be at least 5 years old. Challenges associated with the implantation of BAHA in pediatric patients include thin bone, soft bone, higher rates of fixture loss due to trauma, psychological problems, and higher revision rates due to rapid bone growth. The overall outcomes are comparable to adult BAHA. The benefits of pediatric BAHA (e.g. on speech development) appear to outweigh the disadvantages. Screening according to strict eligibility criteria, preoperative counselling, close monitoring by a physician

  6. Improving Outcomes in State AIDS Drug Assistance Programs

    PubMed Central

    Linas, Benjamin P.; Losina, Elena; Rockwell, Annette; Walensky, Rochelle P.; Cranston, Kevin; Freedberg, Kenneth A.

    2009-01-01

    Background State AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs) provide antiretroviral medications to patients with no access to medications. Resource constraints limit many ADAPs' ability to meet demand for services. Objective To determine ADAP eligibility criteria that minimize morbidity and mortality and contain costs. Methods We used Discrete Event Simulation to model the progression of HIV-infected patients and track utilization of an ADAP. Outcomes included five-year mortality and incidence of first opportunistic infection or death, and time to starting ART. We compared expected outcomes for two policies: 1) first-come, first-served (FCFS) eligibility for all with CD4 count ≤350/μl (current standard), and 2) CD4 count prioritized eligibility for those with CD4 counts below a defined threshold. Results In the base case, prioritizing patients with CD4 counts ≤250/μl led to lower five-year mortality than FCFS eligibility [2.77 vs. 3.27 deaths/1,000 person months], and to a lower incidence of first opportunistic infection or death [5.55 vs. 6.98 events/1,000 person months]. CD4-based eligibility reduced the time to starting ART for patients with CD4 counts ≤200/μl. In sensitivity analyses, CD4-based eligibility consistently led to lower morbidity and mortality than FCFS eligibility. Conclusions When resources are limited, programs that provide ART can improve outcomes by prioritizing patients with low CD4 counts. PMID:19561518

  7. 20 CFR 664.230 - Are the eligibility barriers for eligible youth the same as the eligibility barriers for the five...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are the eligibility barriers for eligible youth the same as the eligibility barriers for the five percent of youth participants who do not have to... Eligibility for Youth Services § 664.230 Are the eligibility barriers for eligible youth the same as...

  8. AIDS. CSAP Prevention Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuckerman, Karen, Ed.

    This resource guide was compiled from a variety of publications and data bases and represents the most current information to date on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) prevention. The guide is organized into three major sections. The first section lists prevention materials. For each entry, information is provided on the organization…

  9. The Role of Community College Financial Aid Counselors in Helping Students Understand and Utilize Financial Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Lyle; Roberts, Toya

    2012-01-01

    Financial aid counselors are a primary source of information that many students rely upon to understand financial aid and how to pay for college. However, little is known about financial aid counselors at America's community colleges and their interactions with the students they serve. Using original survey data, this study examined the role these…

  10. [AIDS in Africa].

    PubMed

    Bolin, H

    1987-12-01

    Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is believed to have begun in Rwanda with the transmission of green monkey virus to humans; the virus spread among prostitutes and truck drivers along the highways and then to the cities. In the most threatened areas, for example, Kinshasa in Zaire, 20% of the inhabitants are infected. 8% of pregnant women are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Social conditions are important. In Kenya prostitutes who work along the highways are carriers of socially transmitted diseases and genital sores. They are 60-80% HIV-positive. The better-off prostitutes at bars and hotels enjoy better health and fewer contacts and are 30% HIV-positive. It should be possible to develop a vaccine against the AIDS virus, but only a few virologists believe that this can be done within 10 years. Because HIV virus mutates rapidly, many different vaccines would have to be prepared. About 80 countries are cooperating with the World Health Organization to combat HIV and AIDS in Africa. Traveling and working abroad is beginning to be a problem. 15 countries have introduced restrictions on foreign visitors. Swedish midwives have an important role to play in fighting HIV. Their youth counseling activities can spread information about HIV and AIDS. Children who are in early stages of sexuality are probably the most important group to be influenced. It is already too late to begin informing 15-17 year olds about the disease. Midwives should probably be starting much sooner, perhaps even with 10-year olds. PMID:3692943

  11. HIV/AIDS Related Stigma and Discrimination against PLWHA in Nigerian Population

    PubMed Central

    Bulgiba, Awang; Oche, Oche Mansur; Adekunjo, Felix Oluyemi

    2015-01-01

    Background HIV/AIDS remain a major public health concern in Nigeria. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) face not only personal medical problems but also social problems associated with the disease such as stigma and discriminatory attitudes. This study provides an insight into HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination against PLWHA in Nigeria. Methods The data for this study was extracted from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey conducted by the National Population Commission. All men and women aged 15–49 years, permanent residents and visitors of the households were eligible for the interview. Several questionnaires were used in the survey, some covering questions on HIV/AIDS. Results A total of 56 307 men and women aged 15–49 years participated in this national survey. About half of the population in Nigeria have HIV stigma. Younger persons, men, those without formal education and those within poor wealth index are more likely to have stigma towards PLWHA. In addition, married people are more likely to have stigma on PLWHA and are more likely to blame PLWHA for bringing the disease to the community. Also about half of the population discriminates against PLWHA. However, those with higher levels of education and those from higher wealth index seem to be more compassionate towards PLWHA. About 70% in the population are willing to care for relative with AIDS, even more so among those with higher level of education. Conclusion There is a high level of HIV stigma and discrimination against PLWHA in the Nigerian population. Education seems to play a major role in the society with respect to HIV stigma and discrimination against PLWHA. Educating the population with factual information on HIV/AIDS is needed to reduce stigma and discrimination towards PLWHA in the community. PMID:26658767

  12. Development Aid: A Guide to Facts and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Silva, Leelananda

    This eight-chapter book provides information on Official Development Assistance (ODA), its importance in relation to developed and developing countries, and its prospects and limitations. Major areas discussed include: (1) the institutional evolution of development aid; (2) forms of ODA, including project aid, program aid, bilateral aid,…

  13. Good and Poor Readers' Use of Explicitly Cued Graphic Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinking, David; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Investigates the effects of explicitly cuing graphic aids in accompanying text. Finds (1) explicit cuing increases attention to graphic aids and recall of information displayed in graphic aids, and (2) poor readers' comprehension of illustrated text is improved by explicit cuing of graphic aids. (RS)

  14. Apples to Apples: A Financial Aid Reporting Methodology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Ronald Gage; Hermsen, Al

    2002-01-01

    Asserting that confusion about the treatment of merit-based or categorically-based aid has revealed the need for a generalized financial aid reporting methodology, suggests a procedure for financial aid reporting that recognizes differing treatment of need-based aid before and after awarding. Offers general information about the theoretical…

  15. Crawling Aid

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    The Institute for the Achievement of Human Potential developed a device known as the Vehicle for Initial Crawling (VIC); the acronym is a tribute to the crawler's inventor, Hubert "Vic" Vykukal; is an effective crawling aid. The VIC is used by brain injured children who are unable to crawl due to the problems of weight-bearing and friction, caused by gravity. It is a rounded plywood frame large enough to support the child's torso, leaving arms and legs free to move. On its underside are three aluminum discs through which air is pumped to create an air-bearing surface that has less friction than a film of oil. Upper side contains the connection to the air supply and a pair of straps which restrain the child and cause the device to move with him. VIC is used with the intent to recreate the normal neurological connection between brain and muscles. Over repetitive use of the device the child develops his arm and leg muscles as well as coordination. Children are given alternating therapy, with and without the VIC until eventually the device is no longer needed.

  16. 30 CFR 208.7 - Determination of eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....7 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT SALE OF FEDERAL ROYALTY OIL General Provisions § 208.7 Determination of eligibility. (a) The MMS... requested information, MMS will determine which applicants may participate in the royalty oil sale and...

  17. 45 CFR 155.715 - Eligibility determination process for SHOP.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Affordable Care Act. (d) Eligibility adjustment period. (1) When the information submitted on the SHOP single... HEALTH CARE ACCESS EXCHANGE ESTABLISHMENT STANDARDS AND OTHER RELATED STANDARDS UNDER THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT Exchange Functions: Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP) § 155.715...

  18. 42 CFR 435.916 - Periodic renewal of Medicaid eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Periodic renewal of Medicaid eligibility. 435.916 Section 435.916 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... able to do so based on reliable information contained in the individual's account or other more...

  19. HIV-AIDS Connection

    MedlinePlus

    ... Marketing Share this: Main Content Area The HIV-AIDS Connection AIDS was first recognized in 1981 and ... is there overwhelming scientific consensus that HIV causes AIDS? Before HIV infection became widespread in the human ...

  20. Heart attack first aid

    MedlinePlus

    First aid - heart attack; First aid - cardiopulmonary arrest; First aid - cardiac arrest ... A heart attack occurs when the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is blocked. The heart muscle ...