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  1. BOOK REVIEW: Meilensteine der Astronomie - Von Aristoteles bis Hawking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Hamel, J.

    2006-12-01

    A writer, more specific a writer on the history of astronomy, might from time to time look at the collected document folders with all the research material and reprints, and might wonder: has this been all? Especially at a time when recycling is in vogue? And, perhaps with a request or an invitation to submit something, he or she might consider re-using the material before its definitive disposal. Well, such are my feelings when I looked at Jurgen Hamel's new book Milestones of Astronomy - From Aristoteles to Hawking . A slight chance for survival of medium-sized publishers like Kosmos is to offer popular books, and a title must attract potential buyers: Aristoteles means the "old" times, and as concerns the "mad scientist" of modern times, Stephen Hawking has by now dethroned Einstein. In 1998, Hamel had published a Geschichte der Astronomie - Von den Anfangen bis zur Gegenwart (History of astronomy, from the beginnings to the present), which, of course, he could not simply copy. This time, he selected some stones from his research areas - milestones, touchstones, stumbling blocks in the long road of astronomical evolution - and put them between the covers of his new book. So let us look at these (mile)stones . The reader is informed about Aristoteles on 2 pages, but his medieval interpreter Johannes de Sacrobosco gets 8 pages! Copernicus' life and achievements are described on 9 pages, closely followed by his devotee and translator Rothmann with 8 pages; Copernicus' contemporary, Peter Apian, however, gets about 13! Bessel's and Herschel's lifes and works are described on well-deserved 13 and 15 pages, while the achievements of the two Lucasian professors, Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking, are just outlined in a single paragraph! Thus, importance is sometimes inversely proportional to text length... But let us become serious now. Why should an active historian outline, for the hundreth time, the life of Copernicus, while there are so many interesting, and often

  2. BOOK REVIEW: Meilensteine der Astronomie - Von Aristoteles bis Hawking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duerbeck, H. W.; Hamel, J.

    2006-12-01

    A writer, more specific a writer on the history of astronomy, might from time to time look at the collected document folders with all the research material and reprints, and might wonder: has this been all? Especially at a time when recycling is in vogue? And, perhaps with a request or an invitation to submit something, he or she might consider re-using the material before its definitive disposal. Well, such are my feelings when I looked at Jurgen Hamel's new book Milestones of Astronomy - From Aristoteles to Hawking . A slight chance for survival of medium-sized publishers like Kosmos is to offer popular books, and a title must attract potential buyers: Aristoteles means the "old" times, and as concerns the "mad scientist" of modern times, Stephen Hawking has by now dethroned Einstein. In 1998, Hamel had published a Geschichte der Astronomie - Von den Anfangen bis zur Gegenwart (History of astronomy, from the beginnings to the present), which, of course, he could not simply copy. This time, he selected some stones from his research areas - milestones, touchstones, stumbling blocks in the long road of astronomical evolution - and put them between the covers of his new book. So let us look at these (mile)stones . The reader is informed about Aristoteles on 2 pages, but his medieval interpreter Johannes de Sacrobosco gets 8 pages! Copernicus' life and achievements are described on 9 pages, closely followed by his devotee and translator Rothmann with 8 pages; Copernicus' contemporary, Peter Apian, however, gets about 13! Bessel's and Herschel's lifes and works are described on well-deserved 13 and 15 pages, while the achievements of the two Lucasian professors, Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking, are just outlined in a single paragraph! Thus, importance is sometimes inversely proportional to text length... But let us become serious now. Why should an active historian outline, for the hundreth time, the life of Copernicus, while there are so many interesting, and often

  3. Von Humboldt bis Einstein. Berlin als Weltzentrum der exakten Wissenschaften.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meschkowski, H.

    Contents: 1. Die Anfänge. 2. Die Ära Dirichlet-Jacobi. 3. Der Ausbau der experimentellen Naturwissenschaften. 4. Alexander von Humboldt. 5. Berlin wird "Weltzentrum" der Mathematik. 6. Die Ära Helmholtz. 7. Neue Arbeitsweisen der Astronomie. 8. Chemie: Forschung und Industrie. 9. Max Planck. 10. Ins technische Zeitalter. 11. Zur Mathematik der zwanziger Jahre. 12. Albert Einstein. 13. Fortschritte der Grundlagenforschung. 14. Erwin Schrödinger: Physiker, Philosoph und Poet. 15. Zum Schluß.

  4. Astronomy from Olbers to Schwarzschild. (German Title: Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dick, Wolfgang R.; Hamel, Jürgen

    This issue comprises talks presented 2000 September 18 at the colloquium ``International relations in astronomy'' it is supplemented by additional articles about this topic. The foundation of the international ``Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft'', which took place in 1800 in Bremen, prompted us to investigate the development of astronomy in German-speaking regions, and its international relations during the 19th century. We investigate the activities of famous astronomers like W. Olbers, J.E. Bode, F.X. von Zach, J.H. Schroeter, H.C. Schumacher and K. Schwarzschild, as well as those of their less famous professional colleagues like J.G. Schrader and L. de Ball. The geographical spectrum extends from Bremen and Lilienthal over Kiel, Gotha and Dresden to Copenhagen, Vienna and Chile. Among the topics are: telescope construction, including telescopes made by Herschel, the rediscovery of the minor planet Ceres 1801/02, the Berlin ``Astronomisches Jahrbuch'', the foundation of the ``Astronomische Nachrichten'', the evolution from the ``Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft'' to the present-day ``Astronomische Gesellschaft'', the research at the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna, the professionalization in astronomy, and the attempts of many countries to establish a southern observatory in Chile. A listing of astronomical monuments in Lilienthal and Bremen concludes the book. All papers are written in German with English abstracts.

  5. Internationality from the VAG (1800) to the Astronomische Gesellschaft. (German Title: Internationalität von der VAG (1800) bis zur Astronomischen Gesellschaft)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolfschmidt, Gudrun

    Organized internationalization in astronomy started with a first meeting of 15 European astronomers in Gotha in 1798. Two years later the ``Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft'' (VAG) was founded in Lilienthal near Bremen, to organize the compilation of ecliptic star charts for finding the missing planet between Mars and Jupiter. Cooperation was also planned for observing comets and variable stars. More than half of the members originated from non-German speaking countries. In 1800, the ``Monatliche Correspondenz'' was founded by Franz Xaver von Zach to publish the results. In 1857, the problem of analyzing the increasing amount of asteroid observations came up in the ``Section Geographie und Astronomie'' (founded in 1828) of the ``Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte'', and was further discussed in 1860 and 1861. From these two roots mentioned, the ``Astronomische Gesellschaft'' (AG) was founded in Heidelberg in 1863 - again internationally structured: 11 out of 26 members were from foreign observatories, and until the 1930s well over 50% of the members were foreigners - the maximum was 65% in 1880. The main aim was again international cooperation, particularly in compiling various catalogues and bibliographies (AGK1 and GuL). The ``International Union for Cooperation in Solar Research'' (ISU) and the ``International Astronomical Union'' (IAU) were founded in 1904 and in 1919, respectively. A difficult situation arose after World War I, when the allied countries were not allowed to be members until 1928. But the international organizations, the AG and the IAU, co-existed because they had different goals. Thanks especially to the Swedish astronomer Svante Elis Strömgren, who was elected president, the ``Astronomische Gesellschaft'' still flourished through the 1920s.

  6. Analytik von Lebensmittelallergenen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demmel, Anja; Hahn, Alexandra

    Ansonsten harmlose Lebensmittel oder deren Bestandteile können bei von Lebensmittelallergien betroffenen Personen Überempfindlichkeitsreaktionen auslösen. Hierbei kann es sich um immunvermittelte Lebensmittelallergien oder um Intoleranzen gegenüber bestimmten Lebensmittelbestandteilen handeln. Ein Beispiel für Letzteres ist die Laktoseintoleranz, welche durch einen Enzymdefekt hervorgerufen wird [1]. Im Gegensatz hierzu handelt es sich bei Lebensmittelallergien um Sofortreaktionen, die durch IgE-Antikörper gegen Antigene aus den Lebensmitteln hervorgerufen werden und zu verschiedenen körperlichen Beschwerden führen können. Bei den Antigenen, welche von den von Allergikern produzierten IgE-Antikörpern erkannt werden, handelt es sich vor allem um Proteine [2]. Symptome IgE-vermittelter Reaktionen können zum Beispiel Hautausschlag, eine Schwellung der Schleimhäute oder das sogenannte orale Allergiesyndrom mit allergischen Reaktionen an der Mundschleimhaut und im Magen-Darm-Trakt sein [3]. Die hierbei auftretenden Beschwerden reichen von einem Brennen im Mund und einer Schwellung der Lippen und der Zunge bis zu Atemnot verursachenden Schwellungen im Kehlkopfbereich. In besonders schlimmen Fällen können allergische Reaktionen zu einem anaphylaktischen Schock und zum Tod durch Kreislaufversagen führen [4]. Während klassische Nahrungsallergene häufig komplexe Reaktionen zur Folge haben, ist bei Pollen-assoziierten Nahrungsmittelallergien das orale Allergiesyndrom vorherrschend.

  7. Bewertung von Fahrerassistenzsystemen mittels der Vehicle in the Loop-Simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bock, Thomas

    Mit der Vehicle in the Loop-Simulation hat Audi eine Test- und Simulationsumgebung für Fahrerassistenzsysteme entwickelt, welche die Vorzüge eines realen Versuchsfahrzeugs mit der Sicherheit und Reproduzierbarkeit von Fahrsimulatoren kombiniert. Virtueller Fremdverkehr, Straßenbegrenzungen oder sonstige simulierte Gegenstände werden durch ein "Optical see through Head Mounted Display“ während der Fahrt realitätsnah und kontaktanalog für den Fahrer eingeblendet. Besonders bei der Erprobung aktiver Fahrerassistenzsysteme eröffnen sich durch das Konzept des virtuellen Fremdverkehrs im realen Versuchsfahrzeug neue Möglichkeiten.

  8. Physik gestern und heute Von der Metallstange zum Hochenergielaser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heering, Peter

    2002-05-01

    Im Mai 1752 wurde in Marly bei Paris auf Anregung des amerikanischen Forschers und Politikers Benjamin Franklin erstmals die elektrische Natur des Blitzes nachgewiesen. Damals beschrieb Franklin auch eine technische Vorrichtung, die als Schutz von Gebäuden vor Blitzschlägen dienen sollte: den Blitzableiter. Diese aus heutiger Sicht scheinbar triviale Vorrichtung wurde aber keineswegs unmittelbar akzeptiert. Und bis heute ist die Forschung zum Schutz von Einrichtungen vor Blitzschlägen nicht abgeschlossen.

  9. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun with Dr. Eberhard Rees and R.W. Cook at a press conference concerning Dr. Von Braun's assignment to NASA headquarters and Dr. Rees' subsequent assignment as Marshall Center director.

  10. Einblicke in die Dynamik von Quantensystemen: Elektrostatische Speicherringe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welsch, Carsten P.

    2005-03-01

    Elektrostatische Speicherringe kombinieren die Vorteile elektrostatischer Fallen und klassischer magnetischer Speicherringe. Kompaktheit, gute Zugänglichkeit sämtlicher Elemente, hohe Flexibilität in der Wahl möglicher Experimente und die Eigenschaft, alle Teilchen unabhängig von ihrer Masse über einen weiten Geschwindigkeitsbereich zu speichern, bieten Zugang zu einem weiten experimentellen Spektrum. Insbesondere das Potenzial, das in neuartigen, energievariablen Maschinen in Kombination mit Elektronenkühlung, internen Targets und hochauflösenden Reaktionsmikroskopen steckt, verspricht hochinteressante Ergebnisse mit den unterschiedlichsten Teilchen - von exotischen Antiprotonen oder schweren radioaktiven Ionen bis hin zu einfachen und komplexen Molekülen oder Biosystemen.

  11. Ein stochastisches Modell zur Beschreibung von Signalen in digitalen Schaltungen basierend auf quadratischer Optimierung

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleeberger, V. B.; Maier, P.; Schlichtmann, U.

    2013-07-01

    Die kontinuierlich fortschreitende Miniaturisierung in integrierten Schaltungen führt zu einem erhöhten Modellierungsbedarf verschiedenster Effekte, wie z.B. Alterung oder Stromverbrauch. Diese hängen von den auftretenden Signalen innerhalb der Schaltung ab, wodurch deren statistische Modellierung ein zentrales Problem darstellt. Dieser Beitrag stellt eine neue Methode zur stochastischen Signalmodellierung basierend auf quadratischer Optimierung vor. Die Methode wird mit Hilfe von realen Daten mit existierenden Ansätzen verglichen. Die Testergebnisse zeigen hierbei im vorgestellten Modell einen Genauigkeitszuwachs von bis zu einem Faktor 10 im Vergleich zu bereits existierenden Modellen.

  12. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun (left) and Fred W. Kelley examine a ST-100 Stellar Instrument Platform in the astrionics lab. Dr. Von Braun, then deputy associate administrator for planning, NASA, was visiting on the anniversary of the establishment of the Marshall Space Flight Center.

  13. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun, stands in front of a Saturn IB Launch Vehicle at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Dr. Von Braun was Marshall's first Center Director (1960-1970). Under his leadership Marshall was responsible for the development of the Saturn rockets, the Skylab project and getting the United States into Space and landing on the moon with the Apollo missions.

  14. Dr. Wernher von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Dr. von Braun is looking out from a 10th floor window of building 4200 at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). He was the first Center Director and served as the Director from July 1960 through February 1970. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under the Project Paperclip (American acquisition of German rocket experts) to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his German Rocket Team (also called the Peenemuende Team) were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Under Dr. von Braun's leadership, MSFC developed the Saturn V launch vehicle, which placed the first men, two American astronauts, on the Moon. Wernher von Braun's life was dedicated to expanding man's knowledge through the exploration of space.

  15. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), Deputy Associate Administrator for planning, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, inspects the mockup of the Saturn Workshop during a visit marking the 10th anniversary of the Marshall Center. Shown with Dr. Von Braun, from left to right, are Karl Heimburg, Director of the astronautics lab; Herman K. Weidner, Director of Science and Engineering, and George Hardy of the Astronautics lab.

  16. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, inspects the mockup of the Saturn Workshop during a visit marking the 10th anniversary of the Marshall Center. Shown with Dr. Von Braun, from left to right, are Karl Heimburg, Director of the Astronautics Lab; Herman K. Weidner, Director of Science and Engineering, and George Hardy of the Astronautics Lab.

  17. The British Interplanetary Society - Val Cleaver and Wernher von Braun

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willhite, I. P.

    This article is concerned with the early relationship between Wernher von Braun and the British Interplanetary Society (BIS). The BIS/Wernher von Braun/Val Cleaver correspondence files located here at the US Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama are unparalleled. As one reads the stimulating comments between Cleaver and von Braun, the need to share their thoughts prevails. Following is an excerpt from one letter that whets ones appetite for more. 10 June 1951 Cleaver writes, “I'm so glad you enjoyed my last letter, and look forward to your promised further contribution to our discussion of the ethics of science in general and astronautics in particu- lar. As regards the one particular point on which you found yourself unable to hold your fire, I should say there are really two distinct issues at stake:. . .” This article attempts to represent the best of the letters as they goad each other on scientific principles, means to prevent wars, and other philosophic ideas.

  18. Von Willebrand factor and von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Budde, U; Schneppenheim, R

    2001-12-01

    von Willebrand disease (vWD) is caused by quantitative and/or qualitative defects of the von Willebrand factor (vWF), a multimeric high molecular weight glycoprotein. Typically, it affects the primary hemostatic system, which results in a mucocutaneous bleeding tendency simulating a platelet function defect. The vWF promotes its function in two ways: (i) by initiating platelet adhesion to the injured vessel wall under conditions of high shear forces, and (ii) by its carrier function for factor VIII in plasma. Accumulating knowledge of the different clinical phenotypes and the pathophysiological basis of the disease translated into a classification that differentiated between quantitative and qualitative defects by means of quantitative and functional parameters, and by analyzing the electrophoretic pattern of vWF multimers. The advent of molecular techniques provided the opportunity for conducting genotype-phenotype studies which have recently helped, not only to elucidate or confirm important functions of vWF and its steps in post-translational processing, but also many disease causing defects. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (avWS) has gained more attention during the recent years. An international registry was published and recommendation by the Scientific and Standardization Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis in 2000. It concluded that avWS, although not a frequent disease, is nevertheless probably underdiagnosed. This should be addressed in future prospective studies. The aim of treatment is the correction of the impaired hemostatic system of the patient, ideally including the defects of both primary and secondary hemostasis. Desmopressin is the treatment of choice in about 70% of patients, mostly with type 1, while the others merit treatment with concentrates containing vWF. PMID:11844133

  19. [Acquired von Willebrand syndrome].

    PubMed

    Franchini, Massimo

    2006-01-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) is a rare, but probably underestimated, bleeding disorder that mimics the congenital form of von Willebrand disease (VWD) in terms of laboratory findings and clinical presentation. However, unlike congenital VWD, it arises in individuals with no personal or family history of bleeding. AVWS occurs in association with a variety of underlying disorders, including lymphoproliferative disorders, myeloproliferative disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The main pathogenic, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic aspects of this syndrome are concisely reported in this review. PMID:16913181

  20. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    A camerman catches Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, his son, Peter, and daughter, Martgrit, as they arrive at the employee picnic held to celebrate man's first landing on the moon 6 days earlier. In the foreground is David R. Newby, Director of Administration and Technical Services at the Marshall Space Flight Center.

  1. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Shown viewing the Apollo telescope mockup are, from left to right, Charles Donlan, deputy associate administrator for manned space flight; Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center director; William Horton, astrionics lab; Dr. Thomas Paine, NASA deputy administrator; Warner Kuers, director of the ME lab.

  2. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center director Wernher Von Braun and his family were honored with a series of events prior to his relocation to Washington, D.C. where he was assigned duties at NASA headquarters as deputy associate administrator for planning. Here he is shown with General Richard Drury and Hazel Toftoy, widow of General H.N. Toftoy.

  3. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, explains the purpose of a thermal curtain in the mockup of a Saturn I workshop to U.S. Representative Armistead Seldon of Alabama. The Congressman visited the Marshall Center on March 2, 1968 to tour the workshop and to visit Marshall Center facilities.

  4. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    U.S. Representative Armistead Seldon (D.-Al) inspects the food preparation area of the Saturn I workshop mockup during a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center. Explaining the operation of the food preparation area to the congressman is Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center director.

  5. Acquired von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Petrini, P

    1999-05-01

    Acquired von Willebrand disease (AvWD) is a syndrome that has clinical and laboratory features similar to hereditary vWD. In contrast to the latter it occurs in patients without a family history of previous bleeding tendency. PMID:23401904

  6. Dr. von Braun at 'Wernher von Braun Day' Celebration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    In 1970 Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Dr. Wernher von Braun (right) was reassigned to NASA Headquarters to serve as Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning. Prior to his transfer, Dr. von Braun was honored for his career in Huntsville, Alabama, with the celebration of 'Wernher von Braun Day.' Among those participating were Alabama Governor Albert Brewer (left) and Alabama Senator John Sparkman (center). (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public library)

  7. von Willebrand Disease

    PubMed Central

    Goodeve, Anne C.

    2013-01-01

    von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a common inherited bleeding disorder characterized by excessive mucocutaneous bleeding. Characteristic bleeding symptoms include epistaxis, easy bruising, oral cavity bleeding, menorrhagia, bleeding after dental extraction, surgery and/or childbirth and in severe cases, bleeding into joints and soft tissues. There are three subtypes: types 1 and 3 represent quantitative variants and type 2 is a group of four qualitative variants: 1) type 2A - characterized by defective von Willebrand factor (VWF) -dependent platelet adhesion because of decreased high molecular weight (HMW) VWF multimers, 2) type 2B - caused by pathologically increased VWF-platelet interactions, 3) type 2M - caused by decreased VWF-platelet interactions not based on the loss of HMW multimers and 4) type 2N - characterized by abnormal binding of VWF to FVIII. The diagnosis of VWD requires specialized assays of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and/or molecular genetic testing of VWF. Severe bleeding episodes can be prevented or controlled with intravenous infusions of virally-inactivated plasma-derived clotting factor concentrates containing both VWF and FVIII. Depending on the VWD type, mild bleeding episodes usually respond to intravenous or subcutaneous treatment with desmopressin, a vasopressin analog. Other treatments that can reduce symptoms include fibrinolytic inhibitors and hormones for menorrhagia. PMID:21289515

  8. Theodore von Karman

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1950-01-01

    Dr. Theodore von Karman, co-founder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Pasadena, California was an aeronautical theoretician. His contributions in the fields of aerodynamics and aeronautical engineering are well documented and well known to every aerospace engineer. He was the first winner of the prestigious U.S. Medal of Science presented to him by President John F. Kennedy. As well as being co-founder of JPL, he also was principal founder of a major rocket propulsion firm (Aerojet-General Corp.), the top science advisor to the U.S. Air Force during its transition to jet propulsion aircraft and the top science advisor to NATO. He was, during much of this time, the fountainhead of aerodynamic thought as head of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology (GALCIT) in Pasadena, California. In the May 1956 issue of the Journal of Aeronautical Sciences, it was said of him that 'No other man has had so great an impact on the development of aeronautical science in this country. Hundreds of young men became his students and scientific collaborators and were inspired to greater effort.' Dr. William H. Pickering, then director of JPL said in 1960 'We wouldn't have an aeronautical science as we know it today, if it weren't for Dr. Thoedore von Karman.' Under his guidance, Caltech's 10 foot wind tunnel was designed, built and operated. Industry firms such as Douglas, Northrop, Hughes, Lockheed, North American, Vultee and Consolidated all tested new aeronautical designs and concepts in GALCIT's tunnel. Even Boeing's own high-speed wind tunnel was heavily influenced by suggestions from von Karman. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) became so concerned about GALCIT's growing influence over West coast aviation, it erected the Ames Laboratory in Sunnyvale, California in part to deter an ever widening aeronautical gap that had formed between NACA and GALCIT. From 1936 to 1940, Caltech stood alone as the only university

  9. Bis(chloromethyl)ether (BCME)

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Bis ( chloromethyl ) ether ( BCME ) ; CASRN 542 - 88 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments f

  10. Bis(chloroethyl)ether (BCEE)

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Bis ( chloroethyl ) ether ( BCEE ) ; CASRN 111 - 44 - 4 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments fo

  11. Bis(2-chloroethoxy)methane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Bis ( 2 - chloroethoxy ) methane ; CASRN 111 - 91 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for

  12. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Thomas Paine, Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, examines an ordinary man's shoe outfitted for use in the Saturn I workshop. Pictured from the left in the Saturn I workshop mockup are William Brooksbank, propulsion and vehicle engineering laboratory; Dr. Paine; Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Center director; Colonel Clare F. Farley, Executive Officer in the Office Of The Administrator; and Charles J. Donlan, Deputy Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, Technical. the shoe Dr. Paine is holding has a unique fastener built into the sole to allow an astronaut to move about on the workshop floor and to remain in one position if he desires.

  13. Acquired von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Shaji; Pruthi, Rajiv K; Nichols, William L

    2002-02-01

    Acquired von Willebrand disease (AvWD) is a relatively rare acquired bleeding disorder that usually occurs in elderly patients, in whom its recognition may be delayed. Patients usually present predominantly with mucocutaneous bleeding, with no previous history of bleeding abnormalities and no clinically meaningful family history. Various underlying diseases have been associated with AvWD, most commonly hematoproliferative disorders, including monoclonal gammopathies, lymphoproliferative disorders, and myeloproliferative disorders. The pathogenesis of AvWD remains incompletely understood but includes autoantibodies directed against the von Willebrand factor (vWF), leading to a more rapid clearance from the circulation or interference with its function, adsorption of vWF by tumor cells, and nonimmunologic mechanisms of destruction. Laboratory evaluation usually reveals a pattern of prolonged bleeding time and decreased levels of vWF antigen, ristocetin cofactor activity, and factor VIII coagulant activity consistent with a diagnosis of vWD. Acquired vWD is distinguished from the congenital form by age at presentation, absence of a personal and family history of bleeding disorders, and, often, presence of a hematoproliferative or autoimmune disorder. The severity of the bleeding varies considerably among patients. Therapeutic options include desmopressin and certain factor VIII concentrates that also contain vWF. Successful treatment of the associated illness can reverse the clinical and laboratory manifestations. Intravenous immunoglobulins have also shown some efficacy in the management of AvWD, especially cases associated with monoclonal gammopathies. Awareness of AvWD is essential for diagnosis and appropriate management. PMID:11838652

  14. [Inborn and acquired von Willebrand disease].

    PubMed

    Schneppenheim, R; Budde, U

    2008-12-01

    Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is known for its marked heterogeneity which was already recognized by von Willebrand in 1926. The basis of phenotypic differentiation are quantitative and qualitative or functional differences between the different types and subtypes of VWD. Clinical relevant facts for the practioner on diagnosis and therapy of von Willebrand disease and von Willebrand syndrome are presented. PMID:19132162

  15. [Inborn and acquired von Willebrand disease].

    PubMed

    Schneppenheim, R; Barthels, M; Budde, U

    2005-11-01

    Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is known for its marked heterogeneity which was already recognized by von Willebrand in 1926. The basis of phenotypic differentiation are quantitative and qualitative or functional differences between the different types and subtypes of VWD. Clinical relevant facts for the practitioner on diagnosis and therapy of von Willebrand disease and von Willebrand syndrome are presented. PMID:16395486

  16. 40 CFR 721.1630 - 1,2-Ethanediol bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- -1,2-ethanediyl] bis(oxy)]bis-, bis(4-methylbenzene sulfonate); and ethanol, 2- oxy]ethoxy]...

  17. 40 CFR 721.1630 - 1,2-Ethanediol bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- -1,2-ethanediyl] bis(oxy)]bis-, bis(4-methylbenzene sulfonate); and ethanol, 2- oxy]ethoxy]...

  18. 40 CFR 721.1630 - 1,2-Ethanediol bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- -1,2-ethanediyl] bis(oxy)]bis-, bis(4-methylbenzene sulfonate); and ethanol, 2- oxy]ethoxy]...

  19. 40 CFR 721.1630 - 1,2-Ethanediol bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- -1,2-ethanediyl] bis(oxy)]bis-, bis(4-methylbenzene sulfonate); and ethanol, 2- oxy]ethoxy]...

  20. 40 CFR 721.1630 - 1,2-Ethanediol bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-methylbenzenesulfonate); 2,2-oxybis-ethane bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- bis-, bis(4-methylbenzenesulfonate); ethanol, 2,2â²- -1,2-ethanediyl] bis(oxy)]bis-, bis(4-methylbenzene sulfonate); and ethanol, 2- oxy]ethoxy]...

  1. John von Neumann Birthday Centennial

    SciTech Connect

    Grcar, Joseph F.

    2004-11-12

    In celebration of John von Neumann's 100th birthday, a series of four lectures were presented on the evening of February 10, 2003 during the SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering in San Diego. The venue was appropriate because von Neumann spent much of the later part of his life, in the 1950's, as an unofficial ambassador for computational science. He was then the only senior American scientist who had experience with the new computers (digital, electronic, and programmable) and a vision of their future importance. No doubt he would have relished the chance to attend a meeting such as this. The first speaker, William Aspray, described the ''interesting times'' during which computers were invented. His remarks were based on his history [1] of this period in von Neumann's life. We were honored to have John von Neumann's daughter, Marina von Neumann-Whitman, as our second speaker. Other accounts of von Neumann's life can be found in books by two of his colleagues [2] and [3]. Our third speaker, Peter Lax, provided both mathematical and international perspectives on John von Neumann's career. Finally, Pete Stewart spoke about von Neumann's numerical error analysis [4] in the context of later work; this talk did not lend itself to transcription, but readers may consult the historical notes in [5]. Our thanks to all the speakers for a remarkable evening. We are grateful to the DOE Applied Mathematical Sciences (AMS) program for partially supporting these lectures. Thanks are also due to SIAM and William Kolata, to our emcee, Gene Golub, to Paul Saylor for recording and editing, and to Barbara Lytle for the transcriptions. More about von Neumann's work can be learned from the recent American Mathematical Society proceedings [6].

  2. Extraktion von DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pöpping, Bert; Unterberger, Claudia

    Eine DNA-gestützte Analytik spielt im Lebensmittelbereich eine große Rolle. So wird die PCR bzw. die Real Time PCR z. B. für den Nachweis von Krankheitserreger in Lebensmitteln, zur Tier- und Pflanzenartendifferenzierung und den Nachweis von gentechnologisch veränderten Organismen eingesetzt [1]. Grundvoraussetzung für die sehr sensitiven molekularbiologischen Methoden ist eine saubere und kontaminationsfreie Nukleinsäure [2]. Die Qualität der Nukleinsäure entscheidet über Erfolg und Misserfolg der anschließenden molekularbiologischen Analytik. Deshalb werden im Bereich der Lebensmittelanalytik hohe Anforderungen an das jeweilige DNA-Extraktionsprotokoll gestellt. Durch die Anwendung eines geeigneten Extraktionsverfahrens soll die nachzuweisende DNA möglichst in hochmolekularer Form und frei von die nachfolgende Analytik hemmenden Substanzen vorliegen [1]. Gerade hier stellt die Natur der Lebensmittelmatrix eine besondere Herausforderung dar. Matrixkomponenten wie Fette, Zucker, Proteine und sekundäre Inhaltsstoffe erschweren die DNA-Extraktion und können, wenn sie nicht durch die Extraktion vollständig entfernt werden, zu einer Inhibierung der PCR führen [3]. Des Weiteren müssen auf der Matrixoberfläche vorhandene DNA-abbauende Enzyme gehemmt werden [1]. Daneben spielt der Einfluss verschiedener chemischer und physikalischer Parameter (pH-Wert, Temperatur, Enzyme, Scherkräfte) bei der Lebensmittelproduktion eine große Rolle für die Qualität der extrahierten DNA. So führen z. B. hohe Temperaturen und saure pH-Werte während der Lebensmittelverarbeitung zu einer Fragmentierung der DNA. Auch die physikalischen und chemischen Bedingungen der verwendeten Extraktionsmethode beeinflussen die Qualität der DNA [2]. Bleiben nach der Extraktion organische Lösungsmittel (Phenol, Ethanol), Enzyme, Proteine oder Salze zurück, können diese ebenfalls eine nachfolgende PCR inhibieren. Um eine Inhibition der PCR auszuschließen, sollten in der

  3. Dr. Wernher Von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1960-01-01

    On September 8, 1960 President Dwight D. Eisenhower visited Huntsville, Alabama to dedicate a new NASA field center in honor of General George C. Marshall, Eisenhower's wartime colleague and the founder of the famous Marshall Plan for European recover after World War II. The new George C. Marshall Space Flight Center was placed under the control of Dr. Wernher Von Braun shown here talking with President Eisenhower. As parto f his remarks dedicating the center, President Eisenhowe refereed to General Marshall as a 'man of yar, yet a builder of peace'. the Marshall Center's first major assignment including building the huge Saturn V rocket that launched human beings on their first journey to the surface of the moon in 1969.

  4. von Braun and German Publisher

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    In this photograph, Guenter Ogger of Capitol Magazine, West Germany, greets Marshall Space Flight Center Director, Dr. Wernher von Braun. Mr. Ogger interviewed the famous rocket scientist for his magazine.

  5. Von Hippel-Lindau Disease.

    PubMed

    Findeis-Hosey, Jennifer J; McMahon, Kelly Q; Findeis, Sarah K

    2016-06-01

    Von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal dominant syndrome which occurs secondary to germline mutations in the VHL tumor suppressor gene, located on chromosome 3. Clinically von Hippel-Lindau disease is characterized by an increased risk of developing simple visceral cysts, most commonly in the pancreas and kidneys, in addition to an increased risk of developing neoplasms, often with clear cell features, in a multitude of organ systems. The most common neoplasms are cerebellar and retinal hemangioblastomas, adrenal pheochromocytomas, clear cell renal cell carcinomas, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, pancreatic serous cystadenomas, and endolymphatic sac tumors. These lesions most commonly present during adulthood; however, screening and surveillance for the development of these lesions should begin in the pediatric years for patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. In this review article, the genetics and most common neoplasms of von Hippel-Lindau disease are reviewed, with an eye towards implications for the pediatric patient. PMID:27617152

  6. Die Kosmogonie Anton von Zachs.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brosche, P.

    In his "Cosmogenische Betrachtungen" (1804), Anton von Zach rediscovered - probably independently - some aspects of the theories of Kant and Laplace. More originally, he envisaged also the consequences of an era of heavy impacts in the early history of the Earth.

  7. Pregnancy and von Gierke's disease.

    PubMed

    Farber, M; Knuppel, R A; Binkiewicz, A; Kennison, R D

    1976-02-01

    A detailed description of the course of pregnancy in a patient with von Gierke's disease is presented. Careful dietary control together with proper management of the hematologic complications of the disease led to a successful outcome. PMID:1061911

  8. BIS Handbook: An Organizational Manual & Directory. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL. Bibliographic Instruction Section.

    This handbook was prepared for the officers and committee members of the ACRL (Association of College and Research Libraries) Bibliographic Instruction Section (BIS). Published annually, the handbook details the organizational structure of BIS, provides procedural information, and highlights section activities and resources. In addition, the…

  9. Zuverlässigkeit digitaler Schaltungen unter Einfluss von intrinsischem Rauschen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleeberger, V. B.; Schlichtmann, U.

    2011-08-01

    Die kontinuierlich fortschreitende Miniaturisierung in integrierten Schaltungen führt zu einem Anstieg des intrinsischen Rauschens. Um den Einfluss von intrinsischem Rauschen auf die Zuverlässigkeit zukünftiger digitaler Schaltungen analysieren zu können, werden Methoden benötigt, die auf CAD-Verfahren wie Analogsimulation statt auf abschätzenden Berechnungen beruhen. Dieser Beitrag stellt eine neue Methode vor, die den Einfluss von intrinsischem Rauschen in digitalen Schaltungen für eine gegebene Prozesstechnologie analysieren kann. Die Amplituden von thermischen, 1/f und Schrotrauschen werden mit Hilfe eines SPICE Simulators bestimmt. Anschließend wird der Einfluss des Rauschens auf die Schaltungszuverlässigkeit durch Simulation analysiert. Zusätzlich zur Analyse werden Möglichkeiten aufgezeigt, wie die durch Rauschen hervorgerufenen Effekte im Schaltungsentwurf mit berücksichtigt werden können. Im Gegensatz zum Stand der Technik kann die vorgestellte Methode auf beliebige Logikimplementierungen und Prozesstechnologien angewendet werden. Zusätzlich wird gezeigt, dass bisherige Ansätze den Einfluss von Rauschen bis um das Vierfache überschätzen.

  10. von Willebrand Disease (For Parents)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Type 2A or Type 2B. People with Type 3 (and some with Type 2A and 2B) will need treatment with Humate-P, an intravenous medication derived from human plasma that contains factor VIII and von Willebrand factor. ...

  11. Briefwechsel uber die Partikel "bis" (An Exchange of Letters about the Particle "bis").

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludwig, Horst; Holschuh, Albrecht

    1990-01-01

    A discussion, in the form of an animated letter exchange, argues that, contrary to most current grammatical descriptions, the German particle "bis" should not be viewed as a preposition governing the accusative case. Rather, it is demonstrated that "bis" most often occurs as a proclitic adverb. (16 references) (JTC)

  12. Treatment of von Willebrand Disease.

    PubMed

    Curnow, Jennifer; Pasalic, Leonardo; Favaloro, Emmanuel J

    2016-03-01

    Congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD) and acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) reflect conditions caused by von Willebrand factor (VWF) deficiency and/or defects. VWD is the most common inherited bleeding disorder and AVWS arises from a variety of causes. Since VWF stabilizes and protects factor VIII (FVIII) in the circulation, this is also reduced in many patients with VWD. The treatment of VWD and AVWS therefore primarily entails replacement of VWF, and sometimes FVIII, to protect against bleeding. This may entail the use of VWF concentrates (currently plasma-derived) and/or FVIII concentrates (currently plasma-derived or more increasingly recombinant forms), and/or desmopressin to release endogenous VWF in subgroups of patients. For AVWS additional treatment of the underlying condition is also required. Adjunct therapies include antifibrinolytics. Globally, various formulations exist for both VWF and FVIII concentrates and are differentially available based on manufacturer marketing or regulatory approvals/clearances in different geographies. Also, guidelines for treatment of VWD vary for different localities and recombinant VWF is undergoing clinical trials. The current review provides an overview of the treatment of VWD as currently practiced in developed countries, and also provides a glimpse towards the future. PMID:26838696

  13. Modellierung von Anwenderverhalten im Social Semantic Web

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulbrich, Armin; Höfler, Patrick; Lindstaedt, Stefanie

    Ziel dieses Kapitels ist es, gemeinsame Verwendungsszenarien des Semantic Web und des Social Web zu identifizieren und zu benennen. Dabei wird ein Teilaspekt des Themengebiets im Detail betrachtet: die Nutzung von Services, die Beobachtungen des Verhaltens von Anwendern analysieren, um daraus maschinell interpretierbare Informationen zu erhalten und diese als Modelle zu organisieren. Es werden zunächst einige Eigenschaften und Unterscheidungsmerkmale von Anwenderverhalten und organisierten Modellen dargestellt. Anschließend wird der mögliche wechselseitige Nutzen von Anwenderverhalten und Modellen diskutiert. Den Abschluss bildet eine Betrachtung einiger exemplarischer Software-Services, die heute schon verwendet werden, um Anwenderverhalten in Modelle überzuführen.

  14. Versuche zur Gewinnung von katalytischen Antikörpern zur Hydrolyse von Arylcarbamaten und Arylharnstoffen. (English Title: Attempts to produce catalytic antibodies for hydrolysis of arylcarbamates and arylureas)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Werner, Deljana

    2002-05-01

    Umsatzgeschwindigkeit eine lineare Abhängigkeit festgestellt. Die thermodynamische Gleichtgewichtsdissoziationskonstante KD des Abzyms von 2,6 nM zeugt von einer sehr guten Affinität zum ÜZA. Hydrolytisch aktiv waren nur Antikörper, die gegen das Übergangszustandsanalogon Hei3 hergestellt worden waren. Es wird vermutet, dass die Hydrolyse der Benzylphenylcarbamate über einen Additions-Eliminierungsmechanismus unter Ausbildung eines tetraedrischen Übergangszustandes verläuft, dessen analoge Verbindung Hei3 ist. Im Rahmen der Generierung von Nachweisantikörpern zur Detektion der Substratabnahme bei der Hydrolyse wurden Anti-Diuron-Antikörper hergestellt. Einer der Antikörper (B91-CG5) ist spezifisch für das Herbizid Diuron und hat einen IC50-Wert von 0,19 µg/l und eine untere Nachweisgrenze von 0,04 µg/l. Ein anderer Antikörper (B91-KF5) reagiert kreuz mit einer Palette ähnlicher Herbizide. Mit diesen Antikörpern wurde ein empfindlicher Labortest, der ein Monitoring von Diuron auf Grundlage des durch die Trinkwasserverordnung festgeschriebenen Wertes für Pflanzenschutzmittel von 0,1 µg/l erlaubt, aufgebaut. Der Effekt der Anti-Diuron-Antikörper auf die Diuron-inhibierte Photosynthese wurde in vitro und in vivo untersucht. Es wurde nachgewiesen, dass sowohl in isolierten Thylakoiden, als auch in intakten Algen eine Vorinkubation der Anti-Diuron-Antikörper mit Diuron zur Inaktivierung seiner Photosynthese-hemmenden Wirkung führt. Wurde der Elektronentransport in den isolierten Thylakoiden oder in Algen durch Diuron unterbrochen, so führte die Zugabe der Anti-Diuron-Antikörper zur Reaktivierung der Elektronenübertragung. Attempts to produce catalytic antibodies for hydrolysis of arylcarbamates and arylureas: The aim of the investigations was to produce antibodies which are able to cleave herbicides resistant to naturally occuring enzymes. Structurally similar carbamate and urea derivatives were chosen for the experiments. Phosphonate derivatives were synthesized

  15. Molecular Ordering in Bis(phenylenyl)bithiophenes

    SciTech Connect

    Stokes,M.; Kortan, R.; Rivillon Amy, S.; Katz, H.; Chabal, Y.; Kloc, C.; Siegrist, T.

    2007-01-01

    The crystal structure of phenylene-bithiophene oligomers (PTTP) has been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction measurements and ab initio Monte Carlo modelling. Two new hydroxyl-terminated PTTP powders, 5,5'-bis-4-(6-hydroxyhexyloxy)-phenyl-2,2'-bithiophene and the shorter alkyl chain substituted oligomer 5,5'-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,2-bithiophene, are compared to single crystals of 5,5-bis(4-ethylphenyl)-2,2'-bithiophene. The new molecules are characterized by a close packed, distorted hexagonal array with tilted short axes in a herringbone-type structure. Neighboring molecules within layers are displaced along the long axis. Modelling the electrostatic potential surface suggests that electrostatic interactions are responsible for the observed herringbone-like ordering. Alkyl chains facilitate a partial mixing through interdigitation of aromatic and aliphatic moieties.

  16. Von Neumann was not a Quantum Bayesian.

    PubMed

    Stacey, Blake C

    2016-05-28

    Wikipedia has claimed for over 3 years now that John von Neumann was the 'first quantum Bayesian'. In context, this reads as stating that von Neumann inaugurated QBism, the approach to quantum theory promoted by Fuchs, Mermin and Schack. This essay explores how such a claim is, historically speaking, unsupported. PMID:27091166

  17. Dr. Wernher Von Braun greeting dignitaries.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun, left, greets vice president Spiro T. Agnew in the Launch Control Center for the Apollo 14 mission. Between Dr. Von Braun and Mr. Agnew are their Royal Highnesses, The Prince and Princess of Spain. The royal visitors greeted the launch control team in th enter after the launch of Apollo 14.

  18. Dr. Wernher Von Braun at a picnic.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun, director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, stakes claim to a table for the picnic celebrating man's first lunar landing. With Dr. Von Braun are his wife, Maria (seated, right), and son, Peter (back to camera). His daughter, Margrit, was also present, but is hidden from view by friends in this view.

  19. Franz Xaver von Zach in England

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McConnell, Anita

    F.X. von Zach arrived in London in November 1783, and was employed as tutor to George, son of Count von Brühl, the Saxonian commercial diplomat. Von Zach became a part of von Brühl's household, and was thus in close contact with the leading astronomers, horologists, and scientific instrument makers. Before he departed to Gotha in 1788, he was awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University under false pretences, he upset the Astronomer Royal, and was twice rejected by the Royal Society. At von Brühl's country house he was shown the manuscripts of the mathematician Thomas Harriot (d. 1621); but his attempts to publicise them were hampered by his misreadings, and his treatment of the documents caused confusion in England's scientific community, which lasted throughout his lifetime.

  20. Dr. Wernher von Braun Laid to Rest

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paper Clip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Under von Braun's leadership, Marshall developed the Saturn V launch vehicle which took Apollo astronauts to the moon. Dr. von Braun died in Alexandria, Va., on June 16, 1977, seven years after his NASA appointment. This photo was taken at the site where he was laid to rest.

  1. Dr. Wernher von Braun In His Office

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1964-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun served as Marshall Space Flight Center's first director from July 1, 1960 until January 27, 1970, when he was appointed NASA Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning. Following World War II, Dr. von Braun and his German colleagues arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip to continue their rocket development work. In 1950, von Braun and his rocket team were transferred from Ft. Bliss, Texas to Huntsville, Alabama to work for the Army's rocket program at Redstone Arsenal and later, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. Under von Braun's leadership, Marshall developed the Saturn V launch vehicle which took Apollo astronauts to the moon. This photo depicts von Braun in his office at MSFC.

  2. 40 CFR 721.10714 - Zinc bis(dialkyldithiocarbamate) (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Zinc bis(dialkyldithiocarbamate... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10714 Zinc bis(dialkyldithiocarbamate) (generic). (a) Chemical substance... zinc bis(dialkyldithiocarbamate) (PMN P-13-260) is subject to reporting under this section for...

  3. 40 CFR 721.1187 - Bis(imidoethylene) benzene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. 721.1187... Substances § 721.1187 Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance bis(imidoethylene)benzene (PMN P-93-1447) is subject to...

  4. 40 CFR 721.1187 - Bis(imidoethylene) benzene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. 721.1187... Substances § 721.1187 Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance bis(imidoethylene)benzene (PMN P-93-1447) is subject to...

  5. 40 CFR 721.1187 - Bis(imidoethylene) benzene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. 721.1187... Substances § 721.1187 Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance bis(imidoethylene)benzene (PMN P-93-1447) is subject to...

  6. 40 CFR 721.1187 - Bis(imidoethylene) benzene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. 721.1187... Substances § 721.1187 Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance bis(imidoethylene)benzene (PMN P-93-1447) is subject to...

  7. 40 CFR 721.1187 - Bis(imidoethylene) benzene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. 721.1187... Substances § 721.1187 Bis(imidoethylene) benzene. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance bis(imidoethylene)benzene (PMN P-93-1447) is subject to...

  8. 40 CFR 721.10508 - Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10508 Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance... alkene substituted bis phenol (PMN P-07-161) is subject to reporting under this section for...

  9. 40 CFR 721.10387 - Substituted bis-phenol (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Substituted bis-phenol (generic). 721... Substances § 721.10387 Substituted bis-phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as substituted bis-phenol (PMN...

  10. 40 CFR 721.10387 - Substituted bis-phenol (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Substituted bis-phenol (generic). 721... Substances § 721.10387 Substituted bis-phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as substituted bis-phenol (PMN...

  11. 40 CFR 721.10508 - Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10508 Alkene substituted Bis phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance... alkene substituted bis phenol (PMN P-07-161) is subject to reporting under this section for...

  12. 40 CFR 721.10387 - Substituted bis-phenol (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Substituted bis-phenol (generic). 721... Substances § 721.10387 Substituted bis-phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as substituted bis-phenol (PMN...

  13. 40 CFR 721.10243 - Phosphonic acid, P-[2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10243 Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester. (a... phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester (PMN P-09-193; CAS No. 55088-28-3) is subject...

  14. 40 CFR 721.10243 - Phosphonic acid, P-[2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10243 Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester. (a... phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester (PMN P-09-193; CAS No. 55088-28-3) is subject...

  15. 40 CFR 721.10243 - Phosphonic acid, P-[2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10243 Phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester. (a... phosphonic acid, P- ethyl]-, bis(2-chloroethyl) ester (PMN P-09-193; CAS No. 55088-28-3) is subject...

  16. Bis(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) ether

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Bis ( 2 - chloro - 1 - methylethyl ) ether ; CASRN 108 - 60 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assess

  17. Dr. Wernher von Braun in his Office

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1960-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun is in his office, with an artist's concept of a lunar lander in background and models of Mercury-Redstone, Juno, and Saturn I. Dr. Wernher von Braun, the first MSFC Director, led a team of German rocket scientists, called the Rocket Team, to the United States, first to Fort Bliss/White Sands, later being transferred to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. They were further transferred to the newly established NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama in 1960, and Dr. von Braun became the first Center Director.

  18. Renaturierung und Management von Heiden

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Härdtle, Werner; Assmann, Thorsten; van Diggelen, Rudy; von Oheimb, Goddert

    Heiden zählen zu den ältesten und besonders reizvollen Kulturlandschaften Nordwesteuropas. Sie sind bezeichnend für nährstoffarme Böden in wintermilden Gebieten mit hohen Sommerniederschlägen. Während Heiden vor wenigen Jahrhunderten noch weit verbreitet und für manche Landschaften sogar prägend waren, hat sich ihr Areal heute auf wenige, meist in Naturschutzgebieten gelegene Restbestände verkleinert. Zu diesem Rückgang haben maßgeblich Änderungen der Landnutzung, aber auch Nährstoffeinträge aus umgebenden Agrarflächen und atmogene Depositionen beigetragen. In den meisten Ländern der Europäischen Union sind Heiden heute gesetzlich geschützte Ökosysteme, da diese, neben ihrem Erholungswert für den Menschen, Pflanzen- und Tierarten beherbergen, die außerhalb von Heiden nicht oder kaum überlebensfähig sind.

  19. Diagnosis of von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Ingerslev, J; Gürsel, T

    1999-05-01

    The haemorrhagic diathesis in von Willebrand disease (vWD) is caused by a quantitative deficiency or a qualitative defect in the von Willebrand factor (vWF) in plasma and/or platelets causing insufficient primary haemostasis. Since vWF binds and protects factor VIII (FVIII) towards random proteolysis, coagulation may also be impaired in patients with a low plasma level of vWF, and in instances where vWF displays insufficient binding capacity to FVIII. The entity of vWD displays a vast heterogeneity. Apart from rarely occurring acquired cases, vWD is an inherited disorder of autosomal linkage. The major clinical hallmark in vWD is an increased tendency to mucocutaneous bleeding that rarely reach life-threatening proportions, unless vWF is severely reduced or completely absent. Increased bleeding may also occur in sites such as muscles and joints when the level of FVIII is particularly low. Significant progress has recently been achieved through extensive molecular genetic exploration of various forms of vWD. In order to guide treatment and to form a platform for genetic investigation, however, accuracy in diagnosis and phenotypic characterization is important. By means of various laboratory methods, major subclasses of vWD can be differentiated, as presented in another article of this series. Whereas most of the cases of vWD can quite easily be diagnosed and classified using today's diagnostic methods, the most frequently occurring bleeding disorder of all, vWd type 1 of mild degree, continues to challenge clinicians and diagnostic laboratories. The aim of this paper is to review the laboratory methods most commonly used in diagnostic investigation of the patient suspected of vWD. PMID:23401900

  20. Wally Schirra Greets Dr. Wernher von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Apollo 7 Commander Walter M. Schirra, Jr., left, greets Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center and Dr. Kurt Debus, Right, KSC Director, during a prelaunch mission briefing held at the Florida Spaceport.

  1. How Is von Willebrand Disease Diagnosed?

    MedlinePlus

    ... of your von Willebrand factor. The test helps your doctor diagnose what type of VWD you have. Platelet function test. This test measures how well your platelets are working. You may have these tests ...

  2. Von Hippel-Lindau Disease (VHL)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Funding Information Research Programs Training & Career Awards Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Von Hippel-Lindau ... News From NINDS | Find People | Training | Research | Enhancing Diversity Careers@NINDS | FOIA | Accessibility Policy | Contact Us | Privacy ...

  3. Bridged bis-BODIPYs: their synthesis, structures and properties.

    PubMed

    Kesavan, Praseetha E; Das, Sudipta; Lone, Mohsin Y; Jha, Prakash C; Mori, Shigeki; Gupta, Iti

    2015-10-21

    A series of bis-BODIPYs 1-6 bridged via thiophene, furan, N-alkylcarbazole, triphenyl-amine, para- and meta-phenylene groups have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques. The change in the spectroscopic properties of bis-BODIPYs upon varying the size of spacers was studied. X-ray crystal structures of three bis-BODIPYs containing triphenylamine, para- and meta-phenylene bridges were solved. Intermolecular C(H)π and ππ stacking interactions were observed in solid state structures of three bis-BODIPYs. The dihedral angles between the spacer unit and two boron-dipyrrin units were lower in all three compounds as compared to their corresponding monomers. This suggests increased interactions between the two boron-dipyrrin units in molecules which are in turn reflected in the anodic shifts in their reduction potentials. DFT studies indicated effective electronic interactions between spacers and two boron dipyrrin units in all the bis-BODIPYs. The calculated HOMO-LUMO gap was found to be lower for bis-BODIPY having bulky carbazole spacers and higher for bis-BODIPY having smaller furan spacers. Changing the spacer size clearly affected the spectroscopic properties of the bis-BODIPYs and red shifted absorption and emission maxima were observed for bis-BODIPYs with furan and thiophene spacers as compared to bis-BODIPYs with phenylene or bulky aromatic spacers. PMID:26373792

  4. Dr. von Braun With German Rocket Experimenters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1930-01-01

    Dr. von Braun was among a famous group of rocket experimenters in Germany in the 1930s. This photograph is believed to be made on the occasion of Herman Oberth's Kegelduese liquid rocket engine being certified as to performance during firing. From left to right are R. Nebel, Dr. Ritter, Mr. Baermueller, Kurt Heinish, Herman Oberth, Klaus Riedel, Wernher von Braun, and an unidentified person.

  5. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the center's 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. In this photograph, von Braun is talking with George Hardy of the MSFC Astronautics Lab.

  6. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the center's 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. In this photograph, von Braun (left) and Fred W. Kelley examine an ST-100 stellar instrument platform in MSFC's Astrionics Lab.

  7. Childhood Picture of Dr. von Braun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1912-01-01

    This is a childhood picture of Dr. von Braun (center) with his brothers. Dr. Wernher von Braun was born in Wirsitz, Germany, March 23, 1912. His childhood dreams of marned space flight were fulfilled when giant Saturn rockets, developed under his direction at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, boosted the manned Apollo spacecraft to the Moon. His life was dedicated to expanding man's knowledge through the exploration of space.

  8. Dr. von Braun at the Farewell Ceremony

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Dr. von Braun was honored with a series of farewell events and ceremonies prior to his reassignment to NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. Alabama Governor Brewer greets Dr. von Braun following his speech at the front of the Madison County Courthouse in Huntsville, Alabama on February 24, 1970. Behind are Madison County Commissioner James Record, Huntsville Mayor Joe Davis, and U.S. Senator Sparkman.

  9. Bis-iridoid glucosides from Abelia chinensis.

    PubMed

    Tomassini, L; Foddai, S; Serafini, M; Cometa, M F

    2000-07-01

    Seven bis-iridoid glucosides have been isolated from Abelia chinensis and were characterized by having a secoiridoid residue as unit A esterifying a C(10)-iridoid or a delta-lactone iridoid as unit B. Among these, compounds 1-3 are new and correspond to 7-O-acetyllaciniatoside IV, 7-O-acetyllaciniatoside V, and 7-O-acetylabelioside B, respectively. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by spectral methods. PMID:10924185

  10. Archivalische Quellen zum Leben und Werk von Franz Xaver von Zach.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wattenberg, D.; Brosche, P.

    Franz Xaver von Zach (1754 - 1832) gehörte um die Wende vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert zu den angesehensten und profiliertesten Astronomen. Anliegen dieser Untersuchung ist es, handschriftliche Quellen von Zachs nachzuweisen - auch wenn Vollständigkeit vorläufig nicht erreicht werden kann.

  11. Maternal BIS Sensitivity, Overprotective Parenting, and Children's Internalizing Behaviors.

    PubMed

    Kiel, Elizabeth J; Maack, Danielle J

    2012-08-01

    Although sensitivity to the Behavioral Inhibition System within Gray's (1970) reinforcement sensitivity theory relates to individuals' own depressive and anxious symptomatology, less is known about how parental BIS sensitivity relates to early indicators of internalizing problems in young children. Moreover, the extent to which this parental characteristic relates to parenting behavior, and children's internalizing problems above and beyond parenting, remains unknown. The current study assessed maternal BIS sensitivity, overprotective parenting, and toddlers' internalizing behaviors in a sample of 91 mothers while controlling for mothers' own internalizing symptomatology. Heightened BIS sensitivity related to both overprotective parenting and internalizing behaviors. Overprotective parenting partially mediated the relation between BIS sensitivity and children's internalizing behaviors, although BIS sensitivity maintained a marginal relation to internalizing behaviors. Maternal BIS sensitivity and toddler internalizing behaviors may represent a shared disposition towards inhibition that is somewhat accounted for by overprotective parenting. PMID:22904590

  12. Efficient transmembrane anion transport mediated by a bis(imidazolyl)-functionalized bis(choloyl) conjugate.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhi; Deng, Li-Qun; Chen, Yun; Wu, Tao; Chen, Wen-Hua

    2016-08-01

    A bis(imidazolyl)-functionalized bis(choloyl) conjugate was synthesized and assessed for its transmembrane anionophoric activity by means of chloride ion selective electrode technique and pyranine assays. The results indicate that under the assay conditions, this conjugate was capable of mediating the symport of proton and anions, presumably via a channel mechanism. In addition, this compound was found to exhibit much higher anionophoric activity than the analogue without imidazolyl groups, revealing the significant role of the imidazolyl groups in the anion transport process. PMID:27289317

  13. von Hippel-Lindau syndrome.

    PubMed

    Chou, Angela; Toon, Christopher; Pickett, Justine; Gill, Anthony J

    2013-01-01

    von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal-dominant familial cancer syndrome associated with mutations of the VHL tumor suppressor gene (3p25-26). Its estimated incidence ranges from 1 in 36,000 to 1 in 53,000 with a penetrance of up to 95% by age 60. Genotype-phenotype correlation divides VHL into two broad clinical subtypes. Type 1 VHL is predominantly associated with large deletion or truncation mutations which result in an encoded protein with very little or no activity. It is associated with retinal and CNS hemangioblastoma and renal cell carcinoma but not pheochromocytoma. Type 2 is usually associated with missense mutations encoding a protein with limited activity and includes pheochromocytoma. It is further classified into three other subtypes (2A, 2B, 2C) based on the presence of hemangioblastoma and renal cell carcinoma. Visceral cysts in the kidney, pancreas and epididymis, nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors which often show distinctive clear cell cytology, endolymphatic sac tumors and head and neck paragangliomas are well recognized but less common presenting features. Surveillance of carriers can reduce the burden of disease and is best performed in specialist referral centers with due consideration given to both the complex molecular pathogenesis and psychosocial aspects of the disease. PMID:23652669

  14. 40 CFR 721.5760 - Phenol, 4,4′-[methylene-bis (oxy-2,1-ethanediylthio)]bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- bis-. 721.5760 Section... Substances § 721.5760 Phenol, 4,4′- bis-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance phenol, 4,4′- bis- (PMN P-87-1760) is subject to reporting under...

  15. 40 CFR 721.5760 - Phenol, 4,4′-[methylene-bis (oxy-2,1-ethanediylthio)]bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- bis-. 721.5760 Section... Substances § 721.5760 Phenol, 4,4′- bis-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance phenol, 4,4′- bis- (PMN P-87-1760) is subject to reporting under...

  16. 40 CFR 721.5760 - Phenol, 4,4′-[methylene-bis (oxy-2,1-ethanediylthio)]bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- bis-. 721.5760 Section... Substances § 721.5760 Phenol, 4,4′- bis-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance phenol, 4,4′- bis- (PMN P-87-1760) is subject to reporting under...

  17. 40 CFR 721.5760 - Phenol, 4,4′-[methylene-bis (oxy-2,1-ethanediylthio)]bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- bis-. 721.5760 Section... Substances § 721.5760 Phenol, 4,4′- bis-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance phenol, 4,4′- bis- (PMN P-87-1760) is subject to reporting under...

  18. 40 CFR 721.5760 - Phenol, 4,4′-[methylene-bis (oxy-2,1-ethanediylthio)]bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- bis-. 721.5760 Section... Substances § 721.5760 Phenol, 4,4′- bis-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance phenol, 4,4′- bis- (PMN P-87-1760) is subject to reporting under...

  19. Dr. Wernher Von Braun with Dr. Christian Barnard.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Christian Barnard Tours Marshall Space Flight Center. Shown in Dr. Von Braun's office are (left to right): Dr. Ernst Sthulinger, a representative from General Electric, Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Dr. Christian Barnard, and Dr. Eberhard Rees.

  20. Synthesis of bis(diaryltelluralkoxy)sulfates

    SciTech Connect

    Sadekov, I.D.; Maksimenko, A.A.; Minkin, V.I.

    1987-01-10

    The reactions of diaryltelluroxides with alkylating agents have not been studied with the exception of the treatment with methyl iodide. The authors have shown that reaction of diaryltelluroxides with dialkylsulfates in the corresponding alcohols leads to the previously unknown sigma-telluranes - bis(diaryltelluralkoxy)sulfates - in high yields. The composition and structure of the synthesized compounds were shown by elemental analytical data, IR spectra (band at 1200 cm/sup -1/ for S=O in covalent sulfates), PMR spectra and by their conversion to the corresponding tellurides using formamide (analogously to other sigma-telluranes, Ar/sub 2/TeX/sub 2/ with X = F, Cl Br, or I).

  1. Trisodium scandium bis­(orthoborate)

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Jinzhi; Zhang, Xinyuan; Yao, Jiyong; Zhang, Guochun; Wang, Kunpeng

    2012-01-01

    Single crystals of tris­odium scandium bis­(orthoborate), Na3Sc(BO3)2, have been obtained by spontaneous crystallization from an Na2O–Sc2O3–B2O3 melt. The crystal structure features a three-dimensional framework composed of planar [BO3]3− groups and distorted ScO6 octa­hedra with Na atoms in the cavities. The Sc atom occupies a special position (Wyckoff position 2b, site symmetry -1) and of the two Na atoms, one occupies a special position (Wyckoff position 2c, site symmetry -1). PMID:22590055

  2. Dr. von Braun Surrenders to U.S. Army

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1945-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun surrenders to U.S. Army Counterintelligence persornel of the 44th Infantry Division in Ruette, Bavaria on May 2, 1945. Left to right are Charles Stewart, CIC agent; Dr. Herbert Axster; Dieter Huzel; Dr. von Braun (arm in cast); Magnus von Braun (brother); and Hans Lindenberg.

  3. Dr. Wernher Von Braun talkes with George Hardy.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    George Hardy of the Marshall Space Flight center's Astronautics Laboratory, talks with Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), deputy associate administrator for planning. Dr. Von Braun was inspecting the mockup of the Saturn workshop during a visit to the Marshall Center. The visit coincided with the 10th anniversary celebration of the center of which Dr. Von Braun was director until March 1, 1970.

  4. Treatment of the acquired von Willebrand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Budde, Ulrich; Scheppenheim, Sonja; Dittmer, Rita

    2015-12-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) accounts for 22% of patients with abnormal von Willebrand factor. Most patients with known pathophysiological mechanisms suffer from cardiovascular, myeloproliferative and lymphoproliferative disorders. Less frequent associations are of autoimmune origin, due to hyperfibrinolysis, adsorption to tumor cells, reduced synthesis and prolonged circulation. The mechanisms leading to aVWS is hitherto not known in patients with liver and kidney diseases, drug use, glycogen storage disease, virus infections and at least 18 other disease entities. Diagnosis is complicated by the battery of tests needed, and their inherent rather low sensitivity and specificity for aVWS. Thus, even in acute bleeding situations it may take days until a firm diagnosis is settled and specific therapies can be initiated. The main aim is to shed more light onto this, compared with inherited von Willebrand disease, rare disease which affects at least 2-3% of the older population. PMID:26577336

  5. 29 CFR 1915.1008 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1915.1008 Section 1915.1008 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... § 1915.1008 bis-Chloromethyl ether. Note: The requirements applicable to shipyard employment under...

  6. Polyimide from bis(n-isoprenyl)s of aryl diamides

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (Inventor); Ottenbrite, Raphael M. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    A process and polyimide product formed by the reaction of a bismaleimide with a bis(amidediene) is disclosed wherein the bis(amidediene) is formed by reacting an excess of an acid chloride with 1,4-N,N'-diisoprenyl 2,3,5,6-tetramethy1 benzene.

  7. BIS Handbook: An Organizational Manual & Directory. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL. Bibliographic Instruction Section.

    This handbook was prepared for the officers and committee members of the ACRL (Association of College and Research Libraries) Bibliographic Instruction Section (BIS). Introductory material by Mimi Dudley and James W. Hart traces the history of bibliographic instruction (BI) and the development of BIS. Following a brief discussion of how to get…

  8. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the center's 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. With von Braun are (left to right): Herman K. Weidner, director of Science and Engineering at MSFC, and James R. Thompson of the center's Astrionics Laboratory.

  9. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the center's 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. In this photo, he is examining an experiment in the mockup. With von Braun are (left to right): James R. Thompson, Richard T. Heckman, and Jack Stokes of the Center's Astrionics Laboratory.

  10. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome: an update.

    PubMed

    Franchini, Massimo; Lippi, Giuseppe

    2007-05-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (aVWS) is a rare bleeding disorder with laboratory findings similar to those for congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD). However, unlike congenital VWD, it arises in individuals with no personal or family history of bleeding. aVWS occurs in association with a variety of underlying disorders, most frequently in lymphoproliferative disorders, myeloproliferative disorders, and cardiovascular diseases. Through an analysis of the more recent literature data, the pathophysiology and the clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic aspects of this syndrome are concisely reported in this review. PMID:17133419

  11. Studies of the human factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein. III. Qualitative defects in von Willebrand's disease.

    PubMed Central

    Gralnick, H R; Coller, B S; Sultan, Y

    1975-01-01

    The Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein was characterized in two unrelated patients with von Willebrand's disease in whom procoagulant and Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor antigen levels were normal. In both patients evidence of an abnormal protein was observed on crossed antigen-antibody electrophoresis. In one patient the Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein eluted from Sepharose 4B in a position and distribution identical to normal with normal levels of procoagulant activity and antigen. However, the partially purified Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein had markedly reduced von Willebrand factor activity in a ristocetin assay. In the second patient the peak of Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein, antigen, and procoagulant activity eluted from a Sepharose 4B column with an estimated molecular weight of approximately half that of normal. This protein had no von Willebrand factor activity. In both patients the reduced Factor VIII/von Willebrand factor protein subunit was indistinguishable from normal on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These studies indicate that in some patients with von Willebrand's disease there is a qualitative defect of the Factor VII/von Willebrand factor protein; the total amount of protein, antigen, and procoagulant activity are normal while the von Willebrand factor activity is deficient. Images PMID:1080491

  12. Mutations of von Willebrand factor gene in families with von Willebrand disease in the Aland Islands

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Z.P.; Blombaeck, M.; Anvret, M. ); Nyman, D. )

    1993-09-01

    Patients with von Willebrand disease in four families in the Aland Islands, including the original family that was described in 1926 by the Finnish physician von Willebrand, were screened for mutations in the Swedish hot-spot' regions (exons 18, 28, 32, 43, and 45) of the von Willebrand factor gene. One cytosine deletion in exon 18 was detected in each of these families. Linkage analysis and genealogical studies suggest that the deletion present in these four families probably has an origin in common with the mutations in the Swedish patients. Apart from the deletion in exon 18, two close transitions (G [yields] A at S1263 and C [yields] T at P1266) in exon 28 on the same chromosome were identified in one individual who married into the original family and in his two children. The transitions could be due to a recombination between the von Willebrand factor gene and its pseudogene. 24 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. A note on derivations of Murray–von Neumann algebras

    PubMed Central

    Kadison, Richard V.; Liu, Zhe

    2014-01-01

    A Murray–von Neumann algebra is the algebra of operators affiliated with a finite von Neumann algebra. In this article, we first present a brief introduction to the theory of derivations of operator algebras from both the physical and mathematical points of view. We then describe our recent work on derivations of Murray–von Neumann algebras. We show that the “extended derivations” of a Murray–von Neumann algebra, those that map the associated finite von Neumann algebra into itself, are inner. In particular, we prove that the only derivation that maps a Murray–von Neumann algebra associated with a factor of type II1 into that factor is 0. Those results are extensions of Singer’s seminal result answering a question of Kaplansky, as applied to von Neumann algebras: The algebra may be noncommutative and may even contain unbounded elements. PMID:24469831

  14. Plasma von Willebrand factor concentration and thyroid function in dogs.

    PubMed

    Avgeris, S; Lothrop, C D; McDonald, T P

    1990-03-15

    Plasma von Willebrand factor antigen concentration was determined in 15 dogs with suspected hypothyroidism, in 1 dog with hyperthyroidism, and in 14 euthyroid dogs. The mean +/- SEM von Willebrand factor:antigen concentration in hypothyroid dogs (47.1% +/- 12.6%) was significantly decreased (P less than 0.0005), compared with that in euthyroid dogs (94.7 +/- 5.6%). Four hypothyroid dogs were given thyroxine for 1 month and all 4 had an increase in von Willebrand factor:antigen concentration. The plasma von Willebrand factor:antigen concentration was 200% in the hyperthyroid dog. Seemingly, reduced concentrations of plasma von Willebrand factor:antigen can be found in dogs in association with congenital von Willebrand disease or with von Willebrand disease acquired through hypothyroidism. PMID:2107158

  15. Morphology and water resistance of mixed silane films of bis[3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl]tetrasulfide and bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine

    SciTech Connect

    Pan, Guirong; Schaefer, Dale W.; van Ooij, Wim J.; Kent, Michael S.; Majewski, Jaroslaw; Yim, Hyun

    2010-12-03

    Functional organosilanes are powerful interface-active agents that find applications as adhesion promoters as well as optical, dielectric and protective coatings. Bis-silanes are of particular interest because they are highly crosslinked leading to very robust films. In almost all applications, the water resistance of the films is a critical performance measure. Here we use neutron reflectivity to address the effect of bridging group on the hydrothermal response of bis-silane films prepared using bis[3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl]tetrasulfide and bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine. Neat and mixed films are examined as-prepared, after exposure to water vapor and then in the re-dried state. The bridging group is the key factor that controls the morphology and water resistance of silane films. Although bis-sulfur silane is not as condensed as bis-amino silane, bis-sulfur swells less in water because of the hydrophobic nature of bridging group. The reflectivity of bis-sulfur silane film is reversible after room-temperature water conditioning but not at 80 C, indicating chemical alternation of the film at 80 C. The water resistance of mixed silane is roughly that of both components weighted by their volume fraction. But based on the enhanced shrinkage that occurs following water-vapor conditioning of the mixed film, condensation is accelerated in the mixed silane. Regarding the precursor solution, bis-amino silane may act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of bis-sulfur silane leading to more silanols in the solution and further condensation in the film. Variation in the structure normal to the substrate is also examined by swelling the film with d-nitrobenzene, a non-reacting swelling agent.

  16. Dr. von Braun Visits Huntsville Boys Club

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1961-01-01

    Dr. von Braun, Director of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and chairman of this year's United Givers Fund (UGF) drive at MSFC, takes time out from the problems of sending a man to the Moon to talk baseball with 11-year-old Randy Smith at the Huntsville Boys Club.

  17. Dr. Wernher Von Braun presents a certificate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun (left), director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, presents a humorous certificate to Major General Charles W. Eifler, commanding general of Redstone Arsenal, at the close of a farewell luncheon for the general prior to General Eifler moving to a new European duty station.

  18. Von Gierke's disease: report of case.

    PubMed

    Cudzinowski, L

    1979-01-01

    Von Gierke's disease, or hepatorenal glycogenesis, type I, presents an interesting challenge to the dental practitioner. Showing an incidence of 1/400,000, it is a fairly rare occurrence. It indicates the importance of proper medical consultation in treating these children, and proper dental treatment and preventive programs to alleviate what could be dangerous for these patients. PMID:289662

  19. Herstellung von Chitosan und einige Anwendungen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Struszczyk, Marcin Henryk

    2001-05-01

    1. Die Deacetylierung von crabshell - Chitosan führte gleichzeitig zu einem drastischen Abfall der mittleren viscosimetrischen Molmasse ( Mv), insbesondere wenn die Temperatur und die Konzentration an NaOH erhöht werden. Diese Parameter beeinflussten jedoch nicht den Grad der Deacetylierung (DD). Wichtig ist jedoch die Quelle des Ausgangsmaterials: Chitin aus Pandalus borealis ist ein guter Rohstoff für die Herstellung von Chitosan mit niedrigem DD und gleichzeitig hoher mittlerer Mv, während Krill-Chitin (Euphausia superba) ein gutes Ausgangsmaterial zur Herstellung von Chitosan mit hohem DD und niedrigem Mv ist. Chitosan, das aus Insekten (Calliphora erythrocephala), unter milden Bedingungen (Temperatur: 100°C, NaOH-Konzentration: 40 %, Zeit: 1-2h ) hergestellt wurde, hatte die gleichen Eigenschaften hinsichtlich DD und Mv wie das aus Krill hergestellte Chitosan. Der Bedarf an Zeit, Energie und NaOH ist für die Herstellung von Insekten-Chitosan geringer als für crabshell-Chitosan vergleichbare Resultaten für DD und Mv. 2. Chitosan wurde durch den Schimmelpilz Aspergillus fumigatus zu Chitooligomeren fermentiert. Die Ausbeute beträgt 25%. Die Chitooligomere wurden mit Hilfe von HPLC und MALDI-TOF-Massenspektrmetrie identifiziert. Die Fermentationsmischung fördert die Immunität von Pflanzen gegen Bakterien und Virusinfektion. Die Zunahme der Immunität schwankt jedoch je nach System Pflanze-Pathogen. Die Fermentation von Chitosan durch Aspergillus fumigatus könnte eine schnelle und billige Methode zur Herstellung von Chitooligomeren mit guter Reinheit und Ausbeute sein. Eine partiell aufgereinigte Fermentationsmischung dieser Art könnte in der Landwirtschaft als Pathogeninhibitor genutzt werden. Durch kontrollierte Fermentation, die Chitooligomere in definierter Zusammensetzung (d.h. definierter Verteilung des Depolymerisationsgrades) liefert, könnte man zu Mischungen kommen, die für die jeweilige Anwendung eine optimale Bioaktivität besitzen. 3

  20. Functional Nanomaterials from Bis-urea Macrocycles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dawn, Sandipan

    Self-assembly of bis-urea macrocycles usually give tubular crystals with nano-sized channels that we use as molecular container. These molecular containers alter the reactivity, stability, and chemical behavior of the reactants entrapped within them. This dissertation is focused on bulk synthesis, material characterization and applications of a self-assembled tubular molecular container. This crystalline straw-like container is developed from cyclic bis-urea macrocycles containing two C-shaped phenylethynylene units and two urea groups. These macrocycles afford a large open channel with a diameter of ˜9 A and it can accommodate larger solid guests such as coumarin and its methylated derivatives, stilbenes, acenaphthylene and styrenes. We developed the method to introduce these solid guests into the channel from its solution. We characterized the tubular host as well as different host*guest complexes by solid-state techniques including PXRD, CP MAS 13C NMR, fluorescence and UV-vis spectroscopy. These guests usually undergo non selective photoreaction in solid-state with very low percent conversion and produce different photodimers and/or isomers. Within our molecular container, a number of guests showed photo-dimerization with amazing selectivity and enhanced conversion in the solid-state. We also performed molecular modeling studies to find out the reason behind this unprecedented selectivity. We found the orientation of the guest molecules inside the channel as well as the stability of the photoproducts within the confinement determines the outcome of the reactions. We also developed a 5,5'-bipyridine containing bis-urea macrocycle and formed its complexes with metals. These complexes have potential to further assemble through dative bonds, hydrogen bonding and aryl stacking interactions to afford metal organic framework (MOF). We found the Ag complex forms oligomers and polymers. In the polymer structure it forms infinite chains comprised of "box" like unit cell

  1. The Vermilionectomy and the Subsequent Lower Lip Reconstruction Were Introduced by Victor von Bruns and not by von Langenbeck or von Esmarch as Reported Previously

    PubMed Central

    Teschke, Marcus; Feinendegen, Dominik L.

    2016-01-01

    Summary: Vermilionectomy is an established procedure for the management of precancerous lesions of the lip and is often performed simultaneously with a lower lip resection for the treatment of a malignancy. The literature suggests that Dieffenbach or von Langenbeck or von Esmarch was the first to introduce this procedure. A systematic review of the German literature from the 19th century revealed that it was von Bruns who performed the vermilionectomy for the management of lip malignancies for the first time. PMID:27579224

  2. The Vermilionectomy and the Subsequent Lower Lip Reconstruction Were Introduced by Victor von Bruns and not by von Langenbeck or von Esmarch as Reported Previously.

    PubMed

    Roldán, J Camilo; Teschke, Marcus; Feinendegen, Dominik L

    2016-05-01

    Vermilionectomy is an established procedure for the management of precancerous lesions of the lip and is often performed simultaneously with a lower lip resection for the treatment of a malignancy. The literature suggests that Dieffenbach or von Langenbeck or von Esmarch was the first to introduce this procedure. A systematic review of the German literature from the 19th century revealed that it was von Bruns who performed the vermilionectomy for the management of lip malignancies for the first time. PMID:27579224

  3. Atomic layer deposition of molybdenum oxide using bis(tert-butylimido)bis(dimethylamido) molybdenum

    SciTech Connect

    Bertuch, Adam Sundaram, Ganesh

    2014-01-15

    Molybdenum trioxide films have been deposited using thermal atomic layer deposition techniques with bis(tert-butylimido)bis(dimethylamido)molybdenum. Films were deposited at temperatures from 100 to 300 °C using ozone as the oxidant for the process. The Mo precursor was evaluated for thermal stability and volatility using thermogravimetric analysis and static vapor pressure measurements. Film properties were evaluated with ellipsometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and secondary electron microscopy. The growth rate per cycle was determined to extend from 0.3 to 2.4 Å/cycle with <4% nonuniformity (1-sigma) with-in-wafer across a 150 mm wafer for the investigated temperature range.

  4. Bis-spirolabdane Diterpenoids from Leonotis nepetaefolia

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jun; Fronczek, Frank R.; Ferreira, Daneel; Burandt, Charles L.; Setola, Vincent; Roth, Bryan L.; Zjawiony, Jordan K.

    2012-01-01

    Ten new bis-spirolabdane diterpenoids, leonepetaefolins A–E (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) and 15-epi-leonepetaefolins A-E (2, 4, 6, 8, 10), together with eight known labdane diterpenoids (11–18) as well as two known flavonoids apigenin and cirsiliol, were isolated from the leaves of Leonotis nepetaefolia. The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of 1D-and 2D-NMR experiments including 1H, 13C, DEPT, 1H-1H COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and NOESY. The absolute configuration of an epimeric mixture of 1 and 2 was determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The compounds isolated were evaluated for their binding propensity in several CNS G protein-coupled receptor assays in vitro. PMID:22475308

  5. Mono- and bis-thiazolium salts have potent antimalarial activity.

    PubMed

    Hamzé, Abdallah; Rubi, Eric; Arnal, Pascal; Boisbrun, Michel; Carcel, Carole; Salom-Roig, Xavier; Maynadier, Marjorie; Wein, Sharon; Vial, Henri; Calas, Michèle

    2005-05-19

    Three new series comprising 24 novel cationic choline analogues and consisting of mono- or bis (N or C-5-duplicated) thiazolium salts have been synthesized. Bis-thiazolium salts showed potent antimalarial activity (much superior to monothiazoliums). Among them, bis-thiazolium salts 12 and 13 exhibited IC(50) values of 2.25 nM and 0.65 nM, respectively, against P. falciparum in vitro. These compounds also demonstrated good in vivo activity (ED(50)

  6. Biegen und Brechen im Supercomputer: Duktile Verformungen und spröde Brüche von Kristallen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buehler, Markus J.; Gao, Huajian

    2004-01-01

    Ob sich ein Material unter Krafteinwirkung duktil verformt oder spröde bricht, hängt davon ab, wie sich in ihm Defekte ausbreiten. Um das zu untersuchen, zerstören wir in Supercomputer-Simulationen Nanokristalle, die bis zu einer Milliarde virtueller Atome enthalten. Die Simulationen zeigen zum Beispiel, wie sich Risse an der Grenzfläche zwischen einem härteren und einem weicheren Material ausbreiten. Sie erlauben auch nie zuvor gesehene Einblicke in die mikroskopischen Prozesse während der duktilen Verformung eines Metalls: Das kollektive Verhalten von vielen tausend Versetzungen führt zu einer Kaltverfestigung des Kristalls. Er wird spröde und bricht.

  7. From the classical to the generalized von Karman and Marguerre-von Karman equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciarlet, Philippe G.; Gratie, Liliana

    2006-06-01

    In this work, we describe and analyze two models that were recently proposed for modeling generalized von Karman plates and generalized Marguerre-von Karman shallow shells.First, we briefly review the "classical" von Karman and Marguerre-von Karman equations, their physical meaning, and their mathematical justification. We then consider the more general situation where only a portion of the lateral face of a nonlinearly elastic plate or shallow shell is subjected to boundary conditions of von Karman type, while the remaining portion is free. Using techniques from formal asymptotic analysis, we obtain in each case a two-dimensional boundary value problem that is analogous to, but is more general than, the classical equations.In particular, it is remarkable that the boundary conditions for the Airy function can still be determined on the entire boundary of the nonlinearly elastic plate or shallow shell solely from the data.Following recent joint works, we then reduce these more general equations to a single "cubic" operator equation, which generalizes an equation introduced by Berger and Fife, and whose sole unknown is the vertical displacement of the shell. We next adapt an elegant compactness method due to Lions for establishing the existence of a solution to this operator equation.

  8. Epithelial cells and Von Gierke's disease.

    PubMed

    Negishi, H; Benke, P J

    1977-08-01

    Epithelial cells and not fibroblasts from human liver and amniotic fluid contain inducible glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase) activity. The diagnosis of Von Gierke's disease has been made in a patient with hepatomegaly utilizing cultured epithelial cells grown from a liver biopsy. G-6-Pase activity in epithelial cells from this patient could not be induced by dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline. This is the first use of epithelial cells for diagnosis of a metabolic disease. G-6-Pase activity in cloned epithelial cells from amniotic fluid increases 2- to 3-fold after 24-hr exposure to dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline. The prenatal diagnosis of Von Gierke's disease may be possible in a laboratory experienced with these techniques if epithelial cell growth is obtained from amniotic fluid. PMID:196249

  9. 40 CFR 721.9663 - Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′-[thiobis (1-oxo-3,1-propanediyl)]bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha...(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis (C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl) ethers. (a... poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis(C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl)...

  10. 40 CFR 721.9663 - Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′-[thiobis (1-oxo-3,1-propanediyl)]bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha...(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis (C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl) ethers. (a... poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis(C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl)...

  11. 40 CFR 721.9663 - Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′-[thiobis (1-oxo-3,1-propanediyl)]bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha...(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis (C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl) ethers. (a... poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis(C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl)...

  12. 40 CFR 721.9663 - Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′-[thiobis (1-oxo-3,1-propanediyl)]bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha...(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis (C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl) ethers. (a... poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis(C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl)...

  13. 40 CFR 721.9663 - Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′-[thiobis (1-oxo-3,1-propanediyl)]bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha...(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis (C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl) ethers. (a... poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-hydroxy-,bis(C11-15 and C11-15-isoalkyl)...

  14. 40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. 721.8100... Substances § 721.8100 Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis...

  15. 40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. 721.8100... Substances § 721.8100 Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis...

  16. 40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. 721.8100... Substances § 721.8100 Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis...

  17. 40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. 721.8100... Substances § 721.8100 Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis...

  18. 40 CFR 721.8100 - Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis (hy-droxy-ethyl) tal-lo-wa-mine oxide phos-phate. 721.8100... Substances § 721.8100 Potassium N,N-bis (hydroxy-ethyl) cocoamine oxide phosphate, and potassium N,N-bis...

  19. Herstellung von Chitosan und einige Anwendungen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Struszczyk, Marcin Henryk

    2001-05-01

    1. Die Deacetylierung von crabshell - Chitosan führte gleichzeitig zu einem drastischen Abfall der mittleren viscosimetrischen Molmasse ( Mv), insbesondere wenn die Temperatur und die Konzentration an NaOH erhöht werden. Diese Parameter beeinflussten jedoch nicht den Grad der Deacetylierung (DD). Wichtig ist jedoch die Quelle des Ausgangsmaterials: Chitin aus Pandalus borealis ist ein guter Rohstoff für die Herstellung von Chitosan mit niedrigem DD und gleichzeitig hoher mittlerer Mv, während Krill-Chitin (Euphausia superba) ein gutes Ausgangsmaterial zur Herstellung von Chitosan mit hohem DD und niedrigem Mv ist. Chitosan, das aus Insekten (Calliphora erythrocephala), unter milden Bedingungen (Temperatur: 100°C, NaOH-Konzentration: 40 %, Zeit: 1-2h ) hergestellt wurde, hatte die gleichen Eigenschaften hinsichtlich DD und Mv wie das aus Krill hergestellte Chitosan. Der Bedarf an Zeit, Energie und NaOH ist für die Herstellung von Insekten-Chitosan geringer als für crabshell-Chitosan vergleichbare Resultaten für DD und Mv. 2. Chitosan wurde durch den Schimmelpilz Aspergillus fumigatus zu Chitooligomeren fermentiert. Die Ausbeute beträgt 25%. Die Chitooligomere wurden mit Hilfe von HPLC und MALDI-TOF-Massenspektrmetrie identifiziert. Die Fermentationsmischung fördert die Immunität von Pflanzen gegen Bakterien und Virusinfektion. Die Zunahme der Immunität schwankt jedoch je nach System Pflanze-Pathogen. Die Fermentation von Chitosan durch Aspergillus fumigatus könnte eine schnelle und billige Methode zur Herstellung von Chitooligomeren mit guter Reinheit und Ausbeute sein. Eine partiell aufgereinigte Fermentationsmischung dieser Art könnte in der Landwirtschaft als Pathogeninhibitor genutzt werden. Durch kontrollierte Fermentation, die Chitooligomere in definierter Zusammensetzung (d.h. definierter Verteilung des Depolymerisationsgrades) liefert, könnte man zu Mischungen kommen, die für die jeweilige Anwendung eine optimale Bioaktivität besitzen. 3

  20. Gestaltung von Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstellen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruder, Ralph; Didier, Muriel

    Die Interaktion zwischen Mensch und Maschine erfolgt über Schnittstellen, die dem Fahrer Informationen liefern und ihm behilfich sein sollen, die Fahraufgabe sicher, effektiv und effzient zu bewältigen. Wie die Gestaltung von Anzeigen und Bedienelementen vorgenommen werden muss und worauf während des Entwicklungsprozesses in Bezug auf die Interaktion zwischen Mensch und Maschine Rücksicht genommen werden muss, soll hier geklärt werden.

  1. Thrombotic complications in von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Franchini, Massimo

    2006-02-01

    Thrombotic events occur rarely in patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). In this review we analyze the data reported in the literature, selected through a PubMed search, on thrombotic complications in VWD patients. On the basis of this analysis, we conclude that thrombotic complications in VWD patients often have a multi-factorial pathogenesis resulting from a complex interaction between acquired (coagulation factor replacement, surgery, cardiovascular risk factors) and/or inherited (thrombophilic gene mutations) prothrombotic risk factors. PMID:16522550

  2. Anion-directed self-assembly of a 2,6-bis(2-anilinoethynyl)pyridine bis(amide) scaffold

    PubMed Central

    Tresca, Blakely W.; Berryman, Orion B.; Zakharov, Lev N.; Johnson, Darren W.; Haley, Michael M.

    2015-01-01

    Bis(sulfonamide) receptors based on the 2,6-bis(2-anilinoethynyl)pyridine scaffold form persistent dimers with water and halides in solution and in the solid-state. The structurally related bis(amide) receptor derived from 3,5-dinitrobenzoyl chloride is a dimer in the solid-state with two HCl molecules directing the self-assembly. The 2+2 dimer, with a twisted “S”-shaped backbone, is held together by six hydrogen bonds. Dissolution of the (H2+·Cl−)2 adduct in CHCl3 results, however, in a monomeric structure. DOSY and 1H NMR experiments were used to identify the dominance of monomer in solution for both 2 and H2+·Cl−. The ‘OFF-ON’ fluorescence response of 2, 6-bis(2-anilinoethynyl)pyridine is retained with amide arms. PMID:27110083

  3. Safety assessment of bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2 and bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-1 as used in cosmetics.

    PubMed

    Fiume, Monice M; Bergfeld, Wilma F; Belsito, Donald V; Hill, Ronald A; Klaassen, Curtis D; Liebler, Daniel C; Marks, James G; Shank, Ronald C; Slaga, Thomas J; Snyder, Paul W; Andersen, F Alan

    2013-01-01

    The Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel assessed the safety of bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-2 and bis-diglyceryl polyacyladipate-1 as used in cosmetics, finding that these ingredients are safe in cosmetic formulations in the present practices of use and concentration. Both ingredients are lanolin substitutes and are reported to function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents--emollients. The Panel reviewed available animal and clinical data in making its determination of safety. PMID:24174474

  4. Current therapy in children and adolescents with von Willebrand disease

    PubMed Central

    Buga-Corbu, I; Arion, C

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The article represents a review of recent data about the therapy of von Willebrand disease in children and adolescents (hereditary as well as acquired forms of the disease). The treatment of bleeding events in these patients, the indications in different subtypes, and the future lines of research are mentioned. Abbreviations: Ag VWF = von Willebrand antigen, VWD = von Willebrand disease, DDAVP = arginine-vasopressin, EACA = epsilon aminocaproic acid, VWF = von Willebrand factor, VIIc F = the VIIth factor of coagulation, VIIIc F = the VIIIth factor of coagulation, IgG = immunoglobulin G, T/2 = half-time, WVF – Rco = the ristocetin cofactor. PMID:25408737

  5. Dr. von Braun and Army Ballistics Missile Agency (ABMA) Group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1959-01-01

    This photograph of Dr. von Braun, shown here to the left of General Bruce Medaris, was taken in the fall of 1959, immediately prior to Medaris' retirement from the Army. At the time, von Braun and his associates worked for the Army Ballistics Missile Agency in Huntsville, Alabama. Those in the photograph have been identified as Ernst Stuhlinger, Frederick von Saurma, Fritz Mueller, Hermarn Weidner, E.W. Neubert (partially hidden), W.A. Mrazek, Karl Heimburg, Arthur Rudolph, Otto Hoberg, von Braun, Oswald Lange, Medaris, Helmut Hoelzer, Hans Maus, E.D. Geissler, Hans Heuter, and George Constan.

  6. Synthesis of Bis(pentafluoroethyl)germanes.

    PubMed

    Pelzer, Stefanie; Neumann, Beate; Stammler, Hans-Georg; Ignat'ev, Nikolai; Hoge, Berthold

    2016-03-24

    The chemistry of bis(pentafluoroethyl)germanes (C2F5)2 GeX2 is presented. The synthesis of such species requires Br2 GePh2 , wherein the phenyl substituents function as suitable protecting groups. After treatment with two equivalents of LiC2 F5, (C2F5)2 GePh2 is produced. The replacement of the phenyl rings is smoothly effected by gaseous HBr or HCl in the presence of a Lewis acidic catalyst. The trigermoxane [(C2F5)2 GeO]3 results from the reaction of (C2F5)2 GeBr2 with Ag2 CO3. Its crystalline 1,10-phenanthroline adduct was fully characterised by X-ray diffraction. The combination of (C2F5)2 GeBr2 with Bu3 SnH gave rise to the formation of (C2F5)2 GeH2 . PMID:26880212

  7. Synthesis and reactivity of 1,2-bis(chlorodimethylgermyl)carborane and 1,2-bis(bromodimethylstannyl)carborane.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chongchan; Lee, Junghyun; Lee, Soon W; Kang, Sang Ook; Ko, Jaejung

    2002-06-17

    The 1,2-bis(chlorogermyl)- (1) and 1,2-bis(bromostannyl)carborane (2) have been prepared by the reaction of dilithio-o-carborane with Me(2)GeCl(2) and Me(2)SnBr(2), respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 are found to be good precursors for the synthesis of a variety of cyclization compounds. The Wurtz-type coupling reaction of 1 and 2 using sodium metal afforded the four-membered digerma compound 3 and five-membered tristanna compound 4, respectively. The salt elimination reactions of 1 and 2 using Li(2)N(t)Bu and Li(2)PC(6)H(5) afforded the cyclic products [structure: see text]. The 1,2-bis(dimethylgermyl)carborane 9 and 1,2-bis(dimethylstannyl)carborane 10 were prepared by the reaction of 1 and 2 with sodium cyanoborohydride. The reactions of 9 and 10 with Pd(PPh(3))(4) afforded the bis(germyl)palladium 12 and bis(stannyl)palladium 13 complexes, respectively. PMID:12054986

  8. BOOK REVIEW: Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild. Nationale Entwicklungen und internationale Beziehungen im 19. Jahrhundert (Acta Historica Astronomiae Vol. 16)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, C.; Dick, W. R.; Hamel, J.

    2002-12-01

    The 14th volume of the Acta Historica Astronomiae is the Proceedings of a Colloquium International Relationships in Astronomy (in German) organised by the History of Astronomy Section of the Astronomische Gesellschaft held on September 18 in Lilienthal, Germany. The book contains 13 articles on astronomical topics covering the 19th and 20th centuries. The first paper is by Guenther Oestmann and deals with contemporary assessments of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter's (1745-1816) astronomical works and with later judgements of the scientific importance and significance of his observations as seen by astronomers and historians. This report is complemented by a second article on Schroeter's 25-ft reflector in Lilienthal near Bremen. To this end, author Felix Luehning has constructed a scale model of the telescope, and shows how the building of a model brings a deeper understanding of function and handling of this instrument. This brings us to a third paper on telescope building in Lilienthal: Hans-Joachim Leue describes the cooperation of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter and Johann Gottlieb Schrader in developing a white reflecting metal alloy for use as telescope mirror. The fourth article, by Klaus Schillinger, describes on the basis of archival documents the aquisition history of the Herschel telescopes, including telescope quality check, repair and building. Memorial sites referring to Wilhelm Olbers, Johann Hieronymus Schroeter, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel and Carl Friedrich Gauss are described by Arno Langkavel in two walks outlined in the very last paper of this book. Peter Brosche, in the fifth paper, discusses the rediscovery of Ceres in December1801, a discovery that was the result of the combined efforts of a theoretician (Gauss) and an observer (Zach). Juergen Hamel's paper is based on previously unused archival sources and discusses the outstanding role played by H. C. Schumacher (1780-1850, editor of the Astronomische Nachrichten) in the communication between astronomers in his days, when his working place at Altona still belonged to the kingdom of Denmark. This paper is followed by a second one by the same author and deals with the correspondence of H. C. Schumacher and H C. Oersted (1777-1851) and shows how intense and diverse their cooperation was. In a subsequent paper, Wolfgang Kokott describes the role of the Astronomisches Jahrbuch (published from 1776 by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin), a ranking international publication, with Bode's modest Berlin Observatory serving as a clearinghouse of information originating from virtually all European countries. "Karl Schwarzschild and the professionalisation of Astrophysics" is the title of Theodor Schmidt-Kaler's contribution and presents Schwarzschild's contributions to professionalization of astronomy: establishment of course lectures and a permanent astrophysical laboratory, a tight connection between teaching and research, stimulations and suggestions for astronomy at high school and for the formation of high school teachers, international organisation, and the planning of a southern observatory. Peter Habison describes the contribution of Leo de Ball (1853-1916, Director of the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna) to international astronomy. Internationalization in astronomy is also discussed in a following paper by Gudrun Wolfschmidt on the establishment of the Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft, the international Astronomische Gesellschaft in 1863 and finally the International Astronomical Union in 1919. In the second but last paper of the book, Hilmar Duerbeck describes the history of the Chilean National Observatory, beginning with its origins out of Gilliss' US Naval Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere in 1849, over its directors Moesta, Vergara, Obrecht and Ristenpart, to the middle of the 20th century. The paper also includes the astronomical development at the Universidad Catolica and various international expeditions, which aimed at the observations of solar eclipses, the Venus transit of 1882, and the Mars opposition of 1907. An overview of the evolution and the actual state of the international observatories Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Paranal, as well as Las Campanas is also given.

  9. Charakterisierung von Sulfotransferasen im Gastrointestinaltrakt von Mensch und Ratte und Aktivierung von Promutagenen in V79-Zellen, die eine intestinale Form (1B1) des Menschen und der Ratte exprimieren

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teubner, Wera

    2001-05-01

    Die Ausstattung der gastrointestinalen Mukosa des Menschen und der Ratte mit Sulfotransferasen wurde mit Hilfe von Immunodetektion und Enzymaktivitätsmessungen untersucht. In Proben aus Colon und Rektum von 39 Personen wurden die Formen h1A1, h1A3 und h1B1 identifiziert, wobei in einer weiteren Probe, die als einzige von einem an Colitis Ulcerosa erkrankten Patienten stammte, keine Sulfotransferasen nachgewiesen werden konnten. Bei der Immunblot-Analyse war das Expressionsmuster der einzelnen Formen in allen Proben ähnlich. In wenigen Proben waren die relativen Signalintensitäten der h1A1 und der h1B1 um die Hälfte erniedrigt. Der Gehalt von SULT an zytosolischem Protein zeigte einen bis zu 8 - 10fachen Unterschied, er betrug jedoch bei zwei Dritteln der Proben zwischen 0,15 und 0,3 (h1A1 und h1A3) bzw. 0,6 und 0,8 Promille (h1B1). Die Variation konnte nicht auf Alter, Geschlecht oder Krankheitsbild der Patienten zurückgeführt werden. Auch der für die allelischen Varianten der h1A1 beschriebene Effekt auf die Enzymaktiviät bzw. Stabilität konnte in der Menge an immunreaktivem Protein nicht in diesem Ausma detektiert werden. Die Allelhäufigkeit von h1A1*R und h1A1*H war gegenüber der gesunden Bevölkerung nicht verändert. In den sieben Proben aus dem Dünndarm (Coecum, viermal Ileum, Jejunum) konnten zusätzlich die Formen h1E1 und h2A1 identifiziert werden. Ein möglicherweise der Form h1C1 entsprechendes Protein wurde im Magen detektiert. Im Vergleich zum Menschen war die Expression in der Ratte stärker auf die Leber konzentriert. Während beim Menschen in allen untersuchten Abschnitten Sulfotransferasen in Mengen detektiert wurden, die in zwei Fällen (h1B1 und h1A3) sogar den Gehalt in der Leber überstiegen, beschränkte sich die Expression in der Ratte auf im Vergleich zur Leber geringe Mengen im Magen und Dickdarm. Nachgewiesen wurden die r1B1, r1A1 sowie eine nicht identifizierte Form von 35kD, bei der es sich vermutlich um die r1C2 handelt. Im

  10. Organometallic compounds of the lanthanides. 42/sup 1/ bis(dimethyloxyethane)lithium bis(cyclopentadienyl)bis(trimethylsilyl)lanthanide complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Schumann, H.; Nickel, S.; Loebel, J.; Pickardt, J.

    1988-09-01

    The trichlorides of Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu react with NaC/sub 5/H/sub 5/ in tetrahydrofuran in the presence of dimethoxyethane (dme) with formation of bis(cyclopentadienyl)lanthanide chloride complexes of the types (C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Ln(/mu/-Cl)/sub 2/Na(dme). The reactions of these organolanthanide halide complexes with (trimethylsilyl)lithium in dme yield compounds of the type (Li(dme)/sub 2/)((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 2/Ln(SiMe/sub 3/)/sub 2/) (Ln = Sm, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Lu). C/sub 5/H/sub 5//sub 2/Sm(/mu/-Cl)/sub 2/Na(dme) reacts with (trimethylgermyl)lithium in dme/pentane with formation of (Li(dme)/sub 3/)((C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 3/SmClSm(C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 3/) (7a.). The new compounds have been characterized by elemental analyses and IR and NMR spectra. The structure of (Li(dme)/sub 3/)(C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 3/SmClSm(C/sub 5/H/sub 5/)/sub 3/ (7a) has been elucidated through complete X-ray analysis. The crystals are monoclinic with a = 14.00 (1) /angstrom/, b = 13.38 (2) /angstrom/, c = 23.49 (3) /angstrom/, /beta/ = 93.37 (9)/degree/, space group P2/sub 1//n,Z = 4, and R = 0.0411 for 4671 reflections. The (Cp/sub 3/SmClSmCp/sub 3/)/sup /minus// anion consists of two Cp/sub 3/Sm units bridged by a chlorine atom with Sm-Cl distances of 2.827 (2) and 2.798 (2) /angstrom/.

  11. Biochemical characterization of predicted Precambrian RuBisCO

    PubMed Central

    Shih, Patrick M.; Occhialini, Alessandro; Cameron, Jeffrey C.; Andralojc, P John; Parry, Martin A. J.; Kerfeld, Cheryl A.

    2016-01-01

    The antiquity and global abundance of the enzyme, RuBisCO, attests to the crucial and longstanding role it has played in the biogeochemical cycles of Earth over billions of years. The counterproductive oxygenase activity of RuBisCO has persisted over billions of years of evolution, despite its competition with the carboxylase activity necessary for carbon fixation, yet hypotheses regarding the selective pressures governing RuBisCO evolution have been limited to speculation. Here we report the resurrection and biochemical characterization of ancestral RuBisCOs, dating back to over one billion years ago (Gyr ago). Our findings provide an ancient point of reference revealing divergent evolutionary paths taken by eukaryotic homologues towards improved specificity for CO2, versus the evolutionary emphasis on increased rates of carboxylation observed in bacterial homologues. Consistent with these distinctions, in vivo analysis reveals the propensity of ancestral RuBisCO to be encapsulated into modern-day carboxysomes, bacterial organelles central to the cyanobacterial CO2 concentrating mechanism. PMID:26790750

  12. Biochemical characterization of predicted Precambrian RuBisCO.

    PubMed

    Shih, Patrick M; Occhialini, Alessandro; Cameron, Jeffrey C; Andralojc, P John; Parry, Martin A J; Kerfeld, Cheryl A

    2016-01-01

    The antiquity and global abundance of the enzyme, RuBisCO, attests to the crucial and longstanding role it has played in the biogeochemical cycles of Earth over billions of years. The counterproductive oxygenase activity of RuBisCO has persisted over billions of years of evolution, despite its competition with the carboxylase activity necessary for carbon fixation, yet hypotheses regarding the selective pressures governing RuBisCO evolution have been limited to speculation. Here we report the resurrection and biochemical characterization of ancestral RuBisCOs, dating back to over one billion years ago (Gyr ago). Our findings provide an ancient point of reference revealing divergent evolutionary paths taken by eukaryotic homologues towards improved specificity for CO2, versus the evolutionary emphasis on increased rates of carboxylation observed in bacterial homologues. Consistent with these distinctions, in vivo analysis reveals the propensity of ancestral RuBisCO to be encapsulated into modern-day carboxysomes, bacterial organelles central to the cyanobacterial CO2 concentrating mechanism. PMID:26790750

  13. Victor or Villain? Wernher von Braun and the Space Race

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Jason L.; Sears, Christine E.

    2011-01-01

    Set during the Cold War and space race, this historical role-play focuses on Wernher von Braun's involvement in and culpability for the use of slave laborers to produce V-2 rockets for Nazi Germany. Students will grapple with two central questions. Should von Braun have been allowed to emigrate to the United States given his affiliation with the…

  14. Group Theoretical Interpretation of von Neumann's Theorem on Composite Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergia, S.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Shows that von Neumann's mathematical theorem on composite systems acquires a transparent physical meaning with reference to a suitable physical example; a composite system in a state of definite angular momentum. Gives an outline of the theorem, and the results are restated in Dirac's notation, thus generalizing von Neumann's results which were…

  15. DEBUS, KURT H. AND WERNHER VON BRAUN IN SATURN BLOCKHOUSE

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    Cape Kennedy - Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center, points to a television screen in the Saturn blockhouse. The screen showed Saturn I vehicle, carrying Pegasus satellite into orbit, during launch. Dr. Kurt Debus, director of NASA's Kennedy Space Center, is seated at Dr. von Braun's right.

  16. Genetics Home Reference: von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

    MedlinePlus

    ... Review. Citation on PubMed Maher ER, Neumann HP, Richard S. von Hippel-Lindau disease: a clinical and scientific ... on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central Richard S, Graff J, Lindau J, Resche F. Von Hippel- ...

  17. Congenital von Willebrand's disease and clinical hypothyroidism.

    PubMed

    Hassan, S; Qureshi, W; Donthireddy, V; Kuriakose, P

    2013-03-01

    Data from case reports and systematic reviews suggest an association of Hypothyroidism and Acquired von Willebrand's syndrome. It is not known if congenital von Willebrand's disease is associated with hypothyroidism in a similar way. The aim of this study was to identify the association of congenital von Willebrand's disease (VWD) with clinical hypothyroidism. A total of 350 cases of congenital VWD were initially screened from our institution database from 1985 to 2010. A careful review of patient records was carried out to see if patients truly had congenital VWD and coexisting clinical hypothyroidism. Patients with uncertain diagnoses or other bleeding disorders were excluded, leading to 197 patients remaining in the final sample. A random age- and sex-matched parallel control group was also obtained from the hospital database. Of 197 patients (mean age 43.8 ± 17.5 years, women 72%) of congenital VWD, 32/197 (16%) were diagnosed with clinical hypothyroidism, while only 11/197 (5.6%) of the matched controls were clinically hypothyroid. Univariate and multivariate analysis demonstrated that VWD was an independent predictor of developing clinical hypothyroidism (OR 3.45; 95% CI 1.65-7.22, P = 0.001). The proportion of patients diagnosed with clinical hypothyroidism was more in the VWD group (P < 0.0001). Our analysis shows a strong association of clinical hypothyroidism in patients with congenital VWD, but future studies will be required to delineate a pathological mechanism. In our opinion, clinicians should consider checking thyroid function in the newly diagnosed and established cases of congenital VWD. PMID:23171382

  18. Relative von Neumann entropy for evaluating amino acid conservation.

    PubMed

    Johansson, Fredrik; Toh, Hiroyuki

    2010-10-01

    The Shannon entropy is a common way of measuring conservation of sites in multiple sequence alignments, and has also been extended with the relative Shannon entropy to account for background frequencies. The von Neumann entropy is another extension of the Shannon entropy, adapted from quantum mechanics in order to account for amino acid similarities. However, there is yet no relative von Neumann entropy defined for sequence analysis. We introduce a new definition of the von Neumann entropy for use in sequence analysis, which we found to perform better than the previous definition. We also introduce the relative von Neumann entropy and a way of parametrizing this in order to obtain the Shannon entropy, the relative Shannon entropy and the von Neumann entropy at special parameter values. We performed an exhaustive search of this parameter space and found better predictions of catalytic sites compared to any of the previously used entropies. PMID:20981889

  19. Wernher von Braun and Saturn IB on Launch Pad

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun stands in front of a Saturn IB launch vehicle at Kennedy Space Flight Center. Dr. von Braun led a team of German rocket scientists, called the Rocket Team, to the United States, first to Fort Bliss/White Sands, later being transferred to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. They were further transferred to the newly established NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama in 1960, and Dr. von Braun became the first Center Director. Under von Braun's direction, MSFC developed the Mercury-Redstone, which put the first American in space; and later the Saturn rockets, Saturn I, Saturn IB, and Saturn V. The Saturn V launch vehicle put the first human on the surface of the Moon, and a modified Saturn V vehicle placed Skylab, the first United States' experimental space station, into Earth orbit. Dr. von Braun was MSFC Director from July 1960 to February 1970.

  20. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again during the Center's 10th anniversary to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. Others in the photograph are, from left to right: Karl Heimburg, director of the Astronautics Lab; Hermann K. Weidner, director of Science and Engineering, and George Hardy of the Astronautics Lab.

  1. Dr. von Braun Reviewing Spacecraft Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    This photograph was taken after Dr. von Braun moved from his post as Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to Deputy Associate Administrator for Plarning at NASA Headquarters. On June 27, 1970, he visited the MSFC again to look at a mockup of the spacecraft that would later be known as Skylab. Others in the photograph are, from left to right, James R. Thompson, David Newby, Karl Heimburg, Hermann Weidner, and Jack Stockes. Years later, Thompson would serve as Director of the MSFC.

  2. Approximating incompatible von Neumann measurements simultaneously

    SciTech Connect

    Heinosaari, Teiko; Jivulescu, Maria Anastasia; Reitzner, Daniel; Ziman, Mario

    2010-09-15

    We study the problem of performing orthogonal qubit measurements simultaneously. Since these measurements are incompatible, one has to accept additional imprecision. An optimal joint measurement is the one with the least possible imprecision. All earlier considerations of this problem have concerned only joint measurability of observables, while in this work we also take into account conditional state transformations (i.e., instruments). We characterize the optimal joint instrument for two orthogonal von Neumann instruments as being the Lueders instrument of the optimal joint observable.

  3. [Albrecht von Haller. An illustrious ancestor].

    PubMed

    Peiper, H-J

    2008-05-01

    Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777) was one of the most famous and important men of the eighteenth century. His achievements make him comparable with Lessing and Newton. In Blumenbach's opinion he was one of the enlightenment's greatest thinkers in both versatility and depth. He contributed significantly to developments in medicine, physiology, botany, pharmacology, theology, literature, editing, chronicles, biography, geography, and during his later years in Switzerland jurisprudence and agrarian reform. On the occasion of the 300th anniversary of his birth, important scientific landmarks in his life are described, with special attention to his achievements in the fields of anatomy, physiology, surgery, and experimental research. PMID:18661596

  4. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome: von Willebrand factor propeptide to von Willebrand factor antigen ratio predicts remission status

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Adrienne; Sinclair, Gary; Valentine, Karen; James, Paula

    2014-01-01

    We investigated a case of acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) secondary to a nonneutralizing anti-von Willebrand factor (VWF) antibody associated with an autoimmune disorder. At diagnosis, VWF activity (VWF:Act), antigen (VWF:Ag), multimers, and factor VIII coagulant activity were virtually absent. VWF propeptide (VWFpp) was elevated with an infinitely high VWFpp to VWF:Ag ratio (VWFpp:Ag) consistent with rapid VWF clearance. Immunosuppressive treatment resulted in phenotypic remission 1 with normalization of VWF/factor VIII levels and multimer pattern. However, VWFpp:Ag remained elevated (∼2× normal), consistent with ongoing VWF clearance by the remaining anti-VWF antibody still present by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This suggests that increased VWF secretion was compensating for the incomplete remission state. Relapse occurred when VWFpp:Ag was again infinitely high, with associated decreased VWFpp but unchanged anti-VWF titers; switching the balance to favor VWF clearance over secretion. Complete remission with undetectable anti-VWF occurred only when VWFpp:Ag was normal. This case of relapsing-remitting AVWS demonstrates the use of VWFpp:Ag for predicting remission status. PMID:24951428

  5. Development of bis-locked nucleic acid (bisLNA) oligonucleotides for efficient invasion of supercoiled duplex DNA

    PubMed Central

    Moreno, Pedro M. D.; Geny, Sylvain; Pabon, Y. Vladimir; Bergquist, Helen; Zaghloul, Eman M.; Rocha, Cristina S. J.; Oprea, Iulian I.; Bestas, Burcu; Andaloussi, Samir EL; Jørgensen, Per T.; Pedersen, Erik B.; Lundin, Karin E.; Zain, Rula; Wengel, Jesper; Smith, C. I. Edvard

    2013-01-01

    In spite of the many developments in synthetic oligonucleotide (ON) chemistry and design, invasion into double-stranded DNA (DSI) under physiological salt and pH conditions remains a challenge. In this work, we provide a new ON tool based on locked nucleic acids (LNAs), designed for strand invasion into duplex DNA (DSI). We thus report on the development of a clamp type of LNA ON—bisLNA—with capacity to bind and invade into supercoiled double-stranded DNA. The bisLNA links a triplex-forming, Hoogsteen-binding, targeting arm with a strand-invading Watson–Crick binding arm. Optimization was carried out by varying the number and location of LNA nucleotides and the length of the triplex-forming versus strand-invading arms. Single-strand regions in target duplex DNA were mapped using chemical probing. By combining design and increase in LNA content, it was possible to achieve a 100-fold increase in potency with 30% DSI at 450 nM using a bisLNA to plasmid ratio of only 21:1. Although this first conceptual report does not address the utility of bisLNA for the targeting of DNA in a chromosomal context, it shows bisLNA as a promising candidate for interfering also with cellular genes. PMID:23345620

  6. catena-Poly[[[diaqua-cadmium(II)]-bis-[μ-3,5-bis-(isonicotinamido)benzoato

    PubMed

    Chen, Man-Sheng; Deng, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Chun-Hua; Kuang, Dai-Zhi

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, {[Cd(C(19)H(13)N(4)O(4))(2)(H(2)O)(2)]·4H(2)O}(n) or {[Cd(BBA)(2)(H(2)O)(2)]·4H(2)O}(n), where BBA is 3,5-bis-(iso-nicotin-amido)-benzoate, is isotypic with its Mn isologue [Chen et al. (2009 ▶). J. Coord. Chem.62, 2421-2428]. The cation sits on a twofold axis and is six-coordinated in a slightly distorted octa-hedral geometry; the polyhedra are linked into zigzag chains, which are further connected by N-H⋯O, O-H⋯O and O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds as well as π-π inter-actions [centroid-centroid distance of 3.639 (2) Å], giving a three-dimensional supra-molecular framework. PMID:21587402

  7. 78 FR 8586 - PEPSICO, Inc., Business & Information Solutions (BIS) Division Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... Employment and Training Administration PEPSICO, Inc., Business & Information Solutions (BIS) Division..., Inc., Business & Information Solutions (BIS) Division Including On-Site Leased Workers From Cognizant Technology Solutions and Infosys Technologies Ltd. Bradenton, FL; Amended Certification Regarding...

  8. Bewertung und Verbesserung der Zuverlässigkeit von mikroelektronischen Komponenten in mechatronischen Systemen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wunderlich, Hans-Joachim; Elm, Melanie; Kochte, Michael

    In den letzten Jahrzehnten hat der Anteil der informationsverarbeitenden Komponenten an den Herstellungskosten mechatronischer Systeme rapide zugenommen. In den 70er Jahren machte die Informationsverarbeitung noch ca. 15% des Systems aus. Zu Beginn dieses Jahrtausends sind es bereits über 60% [8.9], wie auch aus Abb. 8.1 hervorgeht. Dieser Zuwachs in den Herstellungskosten ist auf die Zunahme der durch die Informationsverarbeitung realisierten Funktionen zurückzuführen. Sehr deutlich ist diese Zunahme im Automobil zu beobachten. Während das Antiblockiersystem und die digitale Motorsteuerung schon seit Jahren zum Standard gehören, werden nun zunehmend auch Fahrerassistenz- und Infotainmentsysteme ins Kraftfahrzeug integriert. Bei diesen Systemen beginnt die Grenze zwischen klassischer Sicherheits- und Komfortfunktion zu verschwimmen. Die Bandbreite möglichen Fehlverhaltens reicht vom Ausfall des Navigationssystems über Störungen der Zentralverriegelung bis hin zum automatischen Einleiten von Bremsmanövern bei hohen Geschwindigkeiten. Entsprechend ergeben sich hier hohe Anforderungen an die Zuverlässigkeit dieser Systeme.

  9. Synthesis of bis(indolyl)methanes Catalyzed by Triethylborane

    PubMed Central

    Merinos, J. Pablo García; Ruíz, Heraclio López; López, Yliana; Lima, Susana Rojas

    2015-01-01

    Triethylborane (TEB) was found to be a mild, efficient, and acid catalyst in electrophilic substitution reaction of indoles with aldehydes compounds to afford the corresponding bis(indolyl)methanes. Vibrindole A (5) and bis(indolyl)methanes derivatives 16 and 18 were synthesized using this methodology. Compound 16 is an intermediary in the synthesis of the natural bisindoles arsindoline B (2) and streptindole (6). The structure of vibrindole A (5) was unequivocally confirmed by a single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. PMID:26120289

  10. 1,3-Bis[(4-methylbenzylidene)amino-oxy]propane.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jian-Chao; Gao, Su-Xia; Dong, Wen-Kui; Tong, Jun-Feng; Li, Li

    2009-01-01

    The title bis-oxime compound, C(19)H(22)N(2)O(2), synthesized by the reaction of 4-methyl-2-hydroxy-benzaldehyde with 1,3-bis-(amino-oxy)propane in ethanol, adopts a V-shaped conformation. The dihedral angle between the rings is 84.59 (3)°. The mol-ecule is disposed about a crystallographic twofold rotation axis, with one C atom lying on the axis. In the crystal, mol-ecules are packed by C-H⋯π(Ph) inter-actions, forming chains. PMID:21578377

  11. Inattentional blindness and the von Restorff effect.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Stephen R; Schmidt, Constance R

    2015-02-01

    Sometimes we fail to notice distinctive or unusual items (inattentional blindness), while other times we remember distinctive items more than expected items (the von Restorff effect). A three-factor framework is presented and tested in two experiments in an attempt to reconcile these seemingly contradictory phenomena. Memory for different types of unexpected stimuli was tested after an easy or difficult Stroop color-naming task. Highly arousing taboo words were well remembered even when the difficult Stroop task limited attentional resources. However, a conceptual isolation effect was only observed when the nature of the category change was highlighted by the Stroop task, the Stroop task was easy, and/or the isolated targets enjoyed a retrieval advantage relative to comparison targets. As proposed in the three-factor framework, the arousing qualities of the stimuli, the attentional demands of the primary task, and the relevance of isolated features at encoding and retrieval combine to produce inattentional blindness and the von Restorff effect. PMID:25169672

  12. Report on von Willebrand Disease in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Periayah, Mercy Halleluyah; Halim, Ahmad Sukari; Saad, Arman Zaharil Mat; Yaacob, Nik Soriani; Karim, Faraizah Abdul

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is an inherited hemostatic disorder that affects the hemostasis pathway. The worldwide prevalence of vWD is estimated to be 1% of the general population but only 0.002% in Malaysia. AIM: Our present paper has been written to disclose the statistical counts on the number of vWD cases reported from 2011 to 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article is based on sociodemographic data, diagnoses and laboratory findings of vWD in Malaysia. A total of 92 patients were reported to have vWD in Malaysia from 2011 to 2013. RESULTS: Sociodemographic-analysis revealed that 60% were females, 63% were of the Malay ethnicity, 41.3% were in the 19-44 year old age group and 15.2% were from Sabah, with the East region having the highest registered number of vWD cases. In Malaysia, most patients are predominately affected by vWD type 1 (77.2%). Factor 8, von Willebrand factor: Antigen and vWF: Collagen-Binding was the strongest determinants in the laboratory profiles of vWD. CONCLUSION: This report has been done with great interest to provide an immense contribution from Malaysia, by revealing the statistical counts on vWD from 2011-2013. PMID:27275342

  13. Approximate von Neumann entropy for directed graphs.

    PubMed

    Ye, Cheng; Wilson, Richard C; Comin, César H; Costa, Luciano da F; Hancock, Edwin R

    2014-05-01

    In this paper, we develop an entropy measure for assessing the structural complexity of directed graphs. Although there are many existing alternative measures for quantifying the structural properties of undirected graphs, there are relatively few corresponding measures for directed graphs. To fill this gap in the literature, we explore an alternative technique that is applicable to directed graphs. We commence by using Chung's generalization of the Laplacian of a directed graph to extend the computation of von Neumann entropy from undirected to directed graphs. We provide a simplified form of the entropy which can be expressed in terms of simple node in-degree and out-degree statistics. Moreover, we find approximate forms of the von Neumann entropy that apply to both weakly and strongly directed graphs, and that can be used to characterize network structure. We illustrate the usefulness of these simplified entropy forms defined in this paper on both artificial and real-world data sets, including structures from protein databases and high energy physics theory citation networks. PMID:25353841

  14. [Molecular biology of von Willebrand disease].

    PubMed

    Melo-Nava, Brenda; Peñaloza, Rosenda

    2007-01-01

    Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) is a large multimeric glycoprotein expressed in the megakaryocytes and endothelial cells of all vertebrates. It participates fundamentally in the primary and secondary hemostasis because it induces the adhesion of platelets to vascular subendothelium and promotes aggregation of platelets when blood vessels and capillaries are damaged. In addition, VWF links to factor VIII which avoids its proteolysis. The deficiency or the inadequate synthesis of the VWF causes von Willebrand disease (VWD), which is the most common hereditary bleeding disorder in humans principally from mucous and cutaneous sites. VWD is difficult to detect with accuracy due to interrelation among VWF with different components of hemostasis, although it is performed by different tests of haemostatic system, and the basic mechanisms in VWD are herein emphasized. The diagnosis of VWD is difficult due to the heterogeneous manifestation of the disease, which also complicates its classification. This article focuses on the molecular aspects of the disease and discusses their possible clinical implications. PMID:18268896

  15. Von Willebrand Factor, Angiodysplasia and Angiogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Randi, Anna M.; Laffan, Mike A.; Starke, Richard D.

    2013-01-01

    The large multimeric glycoprotein Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is best known for its role in haemostasis; however in recent years other functions of VWF have been identified, indicating that this protein is involved in multiple vascular processes. We recently described a new role for VWF in controlling angiogenesis, which may have significant clinical implications for patients with Von Willebrand disease (VWD), a genetic or acquired condition caused by the deficiency or dysfunction of VWF. VWD can be associated with angiodysplasia, a condition of degenerative blood vessels often present in the gastrointestinal tract, linked to dysregulated angiogenesis. Angiodysplasia can cause severe intractable bleeding, often refractory to conventional VWD treatments. In this review we summarise the evidence showing that VWF controls angiogenesis, and review the angiogenic pathways which have been implicated in this process. We discuss the possible mechanisms though which VWF regulates angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and integrin αvβ3, leading to signalling through vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), one of the most potent activators of angiogenesis. We also review the evidence that links VWF with angiodysplasia, and how the newly identified function of VWF in controlling angiogenesis may pave the way for the development of novel therapies for the treatment of angiodysplasia in congenital VWD and in acquired conditions such as Heyde syndrome. PMID:24106610

  16. Therapeutic approaches to acquired von Willebrand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Federici, A B

    2000-02-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a rare acquired bleeding disorder similar to the congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD) in terms of laboratory findings. Diagnosis of AVWS can be very difficult, with treatment normally taking an empirical form. Although more than 200 cases have been reported since 1968, no retrospective or prospective studies are available on AVWS. Recently, an International Registry on AVWS, gathering data directly from worldwide Departments of Haematology-Oncology and Haemophilia Centres, has been organised by a group working on behalf of the Subcommittee on VWF in the Scientific Standardisation Committee (SSC) of International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH). Information about an additional 211 AVWS patients is now available, with more detailed data on demography, type of haemorrhage, diagnostic tests for AVWS and management of bleeding episodes. The additional 211 AVWS cases are associated with lymphoproliferative (47%) or myeloproliferative (19%) disorders, cardiovascular diseases, neoplasia (7%) and other miscellaneous diseases (14%). Bleeding episodes of AVWS patients were managed by different compounds including desmopressin (22%), FVIII/VWF concentrates (26%) and high-dose immunoglobulin (10%), plasmapheresis (2%), steroids (5%) and immunosuppressive drugs (20%). Based on complied data, we can conclude that none of the therapeutic approaches proposed are 100% effective in all AVWS cases. Therefore, treatment must be customized for each patient according to the underlying disorder, as well as to the type and the severity of bleeding episode and must be targeted to each specific case. PMID:11060681

  17. Von Willebrand factor, angiodysplasia and angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Randi, Anna M; Laffan, Mike A; Starke, Richard D

    2013-01-01

    The large multimeric glycoprotein Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is best known for its role in haemostasis; however in recent years other functions of VWF have been identified, indicating that this protein is involved in multiple vascular processes. We recently described a new role for VWF in controlling angiogenesis, which may have significant clinical implications for patients with Von Willebrand disease (VWD), a genetic or acquired condition caused by the deficiency or dysfunction of VWF. VWD can be associated with angiodysplasia, a condition of degenerative blood vessels often present in the gastrointestinal tract, linked to dysregulated angiogenesis. Angiodysplasia can cause severe intractable bleeding, often refractory to conventional VWD treatments. In this review we summarise the evidence showing that VWF controls angiogenesis, and review the angiogenic pathways which have been implicated in this process. We discuss the possible mechanisms though which VWF regulates angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and integrin αvβ3, leading to signalling through vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), one of the most potent activators of angiogenesis. We also review the evidence that links VWF with angiodysplasia, and how the newly identified function of VWF in controlling angiogenesis may pave the way for the development of novel therapies for the treatment of angiodysplasia in congenital VWD and in acquired conditions such as Heyde syndrome. PMID:24106610

  18. 40 CFR 721.10096 - Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10096 Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)- (PMN...

  19. 40 CFR 721.10096 - Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10096 Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)- (PMN...

  20. 40 CFR 721.10096 - Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10096 Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)- (PMN...

  1. 40 CFR 721.10096 - Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10096 Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)- (PMN...

  2. 40 CFR 721.10096 - Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10096 Benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene, 1,4-bis (methoxymethyl)- (PMN...

  3. 40 CFR 721.3340 - Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²-(hexylamino)bis-. 721... Substances § 721.3340 Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis- (PMN...

  4. 40 CFR 721.3340 - Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²-(hexylamino)bis-. 721... Substances § 721.3340 Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis- (PMN...

  5. 40 CFR 721.3340 - Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²-(hexylamino)bis-. 721... Substances § 721.3340 Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis- (PMN...

  6. 40 CFR 721.3340 - Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²-(hexylamino)bis-. 721... Substances § 721.3340 Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis- (PMN...

  7. 40 CFR 721.3340 - Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²-(hexylamino)bis-. 721... Substances § 721.3340 Ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-(hexylamino)bis- (PMN...

  8. The triazine-based azo-azomethine dyes; synthesis, characterization, spectroscopy, solvatochromism and biological properties of 2,2‧-(((6-methoxy-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diyl)bis(sulfanediyl)bis(2,1-phenylene))bis(azanylylidene)bis(methanylylidene))bis(4-(phenyldiazenyl)phenol)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghasemian, Motaleb; Kakanejadifard, Ali; Azarbani, Farideh; Zabardasti, Abedin; Shirali, Somayeh; Saki, Zeinab; Kakanejadifard, Sahar

    2015-03-01

    The macrocyclic azo-azomethine dyes 2,2‧-(((6-methoxy-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diyl)bis(sulfanediyl)bis(2,1-phenylene))bis(azanylylidene)bis(methanylylidene))bis(4-(phenyldiazenyl)phenol) and its derivatives were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, mass, FT-IR, UV-vis and NMR spectroscopy. The solvatochromism as well as effects of substitutions on the electronic absorption of these compounds have been studied in the DMSO, DMF, THF, CH3CN, CH3OH and CH3COOH as solvents. Also they positive solvatochromism behaviors are explained on the basis of intramolecular hydrogen bonding, enol-keto tautomeric and dipole moment changes. Compounds having electron donating substituent on the phenyl ring showed good antioxidant activity. However, none of them has a considerable antibacterial activity.

  9. Von Neumann's growth model: Statistical mechanics and biological applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Martino, A.; Marinari, E.; Romualdi, A.

    2012-09-01

    We review recent work on the statistical mechanics of Von Neumann's growth model and discuss its application to cellular metabolic networks. In this context, we present a detailed analysis of the physiological scenario underlying optimality à la Von Neumann in the metabolism of the bacterium E. coli, showing that optimal solutions are characterized by a considerable microscopic flexibility accompanied by a robust emergent picture for the key physiological functions. This suggests that the ideas behind optimal economic growth in Von Neumann's model can be helpful in uncovering functional organization principles of cell energetics.

  10. Papers of John von Neumann on computers and computer theory

    SciTech Connect

    Von Neumann, J.

    1986-01-01

    This volume brings together John von Neumann's long-out-of-print articles on computer architecture, programming, large-scale computing, and automata theory. A number of significant papers in these areas that were not included in the multivolume John von Neumann: Collected Works (1963) have now been reprinted here. These pioneering articles - written between the mid-1940s and the mid-1950s - are of enduring value not only to computer historians but to computer scientists at the vanguard of current research. Most of today's computers are still constructed in accordance with the '' von Neumann architecture,'' and his technique of flow charting remains basic in the domain.

  11. Valence bond and von Neumann entanglement entropy in Heisenberg ladders.

    PubMed

    Kallin, Ann B; González, Iván; Hastings, Matthew B; Melko, Roger G

    2009-09-11

    We present a direct comparison of the recently proposed valence bond entanglement entropy and the von Neumann entanglement entropy on spin-1/2 Heisenberg systems using quantum Monte Carlo and density-matrix renormalization group simulations. For one-dimensional chains we show that the valence bond entropy can be either less or greater than the von Neumann entropy; hence, it cannot provide a bound on the latter. On ladder geometries, simulations with up to seven legs are sufficient to indicate that the von Neumann entropy in two dimensions obeys an area law, even though the valence bond entanglement entropy has a multiplicative logarithmic correction. PMID:19792398

  12. A von Bertalanffy growth model with a seasonally varying coefficient

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cloern, James E.; Nichols, Frederic H.

    1978-01-01

    The von Bertalanffy model of body growth is inappropriate for organisms whose growth is restricted to a seasonal period because it assumes that growth rate is invariant with time. Incorporation of a time-varying coefficient significantly improves the capability of the von Bertalanffy equation to describe changing body size of both the bivalve mollusc Macoma balthicain San Francisco Bay and the flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon, in Washington state. This simple modification of the von Bertalanffy model should offer improved predictions of body growth for a variety of other aquatic animals.

  13. 29 CFR 1915.1008 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1915.1008 Section 1915.1008 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Toxic and Hazardous...

  14. 29 CFR 1910.1008 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1910.1008 Section 1910.1008 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS (CONTINUED) Toxic and Hazardous Substances §...

  15. Synthesis and Characterization of bis(Tetrahydrofurfuryl) Ether.

    PubMed

    Stenger-Smith, John D; Baldwin, Lawrence; Chafin, Andrew; Goodman, Paul A

    2016-08-01

    Invited for this month's cover are researchers from the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (USA). The cover picture shows the elusive symmetric molecule bis (tetrahydrofurfuryl) ether (BTHFE) in the making. For more details, read the full text of the Communication at 10.1002/open.201600013. PMID:27547633

  16. Synthesis and Characterization of bis(Tetrahydrofurfuryl) Ether

    PubMed Central

    Stenger‐Smith, John D.; Baldwin, Lawrence; Chafin, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Invited for this month's cover are researchers from the Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (USA). The cover picture shows the elusive symmetric molecule bis(tetrahydrofurfuryl) ether (BTHFE) in the making. For more details, read the full text of the Communication at 10.1002/open.201600013. PMID:27547633

  17. 29 CFR 1926.1108 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1926.1108 Section 1926.1108 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR...-Chloromethyl ether. Note: The requirements applicable to construction work under this section are identical...

  18. 29 CFR 1926.1108 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 8 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1926.1108 Section 1926.1108 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR...-Chloromethyl ether. Note: The requirements applicable to construction work under this section are identical...

  19. 4,4\\'-Methylene bis(N,N\\'-dimethyl)aniline

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    4,4 ' - Methylene bis ( N , N ' - dimethyl ) aniline ; CASRN 101 - 61 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Haz

  20. Structural chemistry of new lithium bis(oxalato)borate solvates.

    PubMed

    Zavalij, Peter Y; Yang, Shoufeng; Whittingham, M Stanley

    2004-12-01

    Recently lithium bis(oxalato)borate, LiB(C2O4)2, has been proposed as an alternative lithium salt for the electrolyte in rechargeable batteries that do not contain explosive perchlorate, reactive fluoride or toxic arsenic. This lithium salt crystallizes in the form of solvates from such solvents as water, acetonitrile, acetone, dimethoxyethane, 1,3-dioxolane and ethylene carbonate. Their crystal structures were determined in order to explore the crystal chemistry of this lithium salt. It was found that most of the solvents consist of a lithium bis(oxalato)borate dimer in which the ligand acts as both a chelating and a bridging agent. Lithium has octahedral coordination that typically includes one or, less commonly, two solvent molecules. An exception to this rule is the ethylene carbonate solvate where the lithium is tetrahedrally surrounded exclusively by the solvent and bis(oxalato)borate plays the role of counter-ion only. The ethylene carbonate solvates were also studied for LiPF6 and LiAsF6 salts and they have similar structures to the bis(oxalato)borate tetrahedral complexes. PMID:15534382

  1. 29 CFR 1910.1008 - bis-Chloromethyl ether.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false bis-Chloromethyl ether. 1910.1008 Section 1910.1008 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS (CONTINUED) Toxic and Hazardous Substances §...

  2. Interactions of von Willebrand factor and ADAMTS13 in von Willebrand disease and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    PubMed

    Budde, U; Schneppenheim, R

    2014-01-01

    The function of von Willebrand factor (VWF), a huge multimeric protein and a key factor in platelet dependent primary haemostasis, is regulated by its specific protease ADAMTS13. The ADAMTS13 dependent degradation of VWF to its proteolytic fragments can be visualized as a characteristic so-called triplet structure of individual VWF oligomers by multimer analysis. Lack of VWF high molecular weight multimers (VWF-HMWM) or their pathologically enhanced degradation underlies a particular type of von Willebrand disease, VWD type 2A with a significant bleeding tendency, and may also be observed in acquired von Willebrand syndrome due to cardiovascular disease. In these conditions multimer analysis is an obligatory and powerful tool for diagnosis of VWD. The opposite condition, the persistence of ultralarge VWF (UL-VWF) multimers may cause the microangiopathic life-threatening disorder thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). During the course of active TTP, UL-VWF is consumed in the hyaline thrombi formed in the microvasculature which will ultimately result in the loss of UL-VWF and VWF-HMWM. Therefore, VWF multimer analysis is not a valid tool to diagnose TTP in the active phase of disease but may be helpful for the diagnosis of TTP patients in remission. PMID:25010251

  3. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Studies of Some Novel Bis-[1,3,4]thiadiazole and Bis-thiazole Pendant to Thieno[2,3-b]thiophene Moiety

    PubMed Central

    Kheder, Nabila Abdelshafy; Mabkhot, Yahia Nasser

    2012-01-01

    The synthetic utility of 3,3′-(3,4-dimethylthieno[2,3-b]thiophene-2,5-diyl)bis (3-oxopropanenitrile) (1) in the synthesis of some novel bis-[1,3,4-thiadiazole] 6a–g and bis-thiazole 10 and 13 derivatives with thieno[2,3-b]thiophene moiety is reported. Antimicrobial evaluation of some selected examples from the synthesized products was carried out and showed promising results. PMID:22489174

  4. 21 CFR 73.3100 - 1,4-Bis[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1,4-Bis -9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers. 73.3100 Section 73.3100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3100 1,4-Bis -9,10-anthracenedione...

  5. Johann Philipp von Wurzelbau (1651-1725)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaab, Hans

    During the turn of the 17th to the 18th century, Johann Philipp von Wurzelbau was the best-known astronomer in Nuremberg. He was a trained merchant, who busied himself in his free hours with astronomy. In the 1680s he became known for his accurate observations of lunar and solar eclipses. At the end of the 1680s he left his trade, and from 1691, he was completely occupied with astronomy. To that end, he constructed a small octagonal observing tower on the roof of his house at Spitzenberg 4. He took the measurement of the solar path and determined the geographical coordinates of Nuremberg. The calendar reform also played a major role in his life.

  6. Hermann von Helmholtz and his students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulligan, Joseph F.

    1989-01-01

    During the years 1871-1888, when Hermann von Helmholtz was professor of physics at the University of Berlin, physicists from all over the world flocked to Berlin to study and do research with him. Among these were the German physicists Max Planck, Heinrich Kayser, Eugen Goldstein, Wilhelm Wien, and Heinrich Hertz, and Americans Henry Rowland, A. A. Michelson, and Michael Pupin. Examples of Helmholtz's scientific and personal interactions with these students and research associates show why he is justly considered the outstanding physics mentor of the 19th century. Both his ideas and his students played a major role in the development of physics in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

  7. von Willebrand disease: a laboratory approach.

    PubMed

    Trasi, Sucheta; Ghosh, Kanjaksha; Shetty, Shrimati; Mohanty, Dipika

    2005-01-01

    von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a common inherited bleeding disorder. Accurate diagnosis and classification of VWD is crucial for clinical management. A detailed clinical history, including that of bleeding, is required. A family and drug history are also important. Genetic factors such as blood group, and environmental factors such as stress, trauma, pregnancy and inflammation should also be considered. The age, ethnic group and hormonal status could also affect the von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels. No single test is robust enough to detect all variants of VWD. In view of the heterogeneity of the disease and limitations in assays, a battery of tests should be performed before a final diagnosis can be reached. These include the screening coagulation tests, factor VIII:C assay, VWF antigen assay, assessment of functional VWF which includes VWF ristocetin cofactor assays, VWF collagen binding assay, ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation and VWF multimer analysis. The newer ELISA techniques based on VWF binding with factor VIII glycoprotein (Gp) 1b and cerebrosides have also helped in determining certain unusual forms of VWD. The advent of new systems such as platelet function analysers (PFA), thromboelastography (TEG) and clot signature analysers (CSA), which are designed to assess either the primary platelet function or as a global haemostasis screen, have facilitated and simplified the diagnosis. However, few centres all over the world can perform all these expensive tests to provide a final diagnosis of VWD. We reviewed the laboratory investigations required for a diagnosis of VWD. Apart from congenital VWD, the possibility of acquired VWD should be considered in those with a negative past history of bleeding or in the presence of an underlying disease. PMID:15981443

  8. Synthesis of fluorinated dimethacrylate monomer and its application in preparing Bis-GMA free dental resin.

    PubMed

    Yin, Mei; Guo, Sen; Liu, Fang; He, Jingwei

    2015-11-01

    With the aim to reduce human exposure to Bis-phenol A derivatives, a novel fluorinated dimethacrylate monomer FUDMA was synthesized and mixed with triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to prepare 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloy- loxypropyl)phenyl]propane (Bis-GMA) free dental resin system. Physicochemical properties, such as double bond conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (VS), water sorption (WS) and solubility (SL), flexural strength (FS) and modulus (FM), and fracture energy of FUDMA/TEGDMA resin system were investigated. Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin system was used as a control. The results showed that, compared with Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin system, FUDMA/TEGDMA had advantages like higher DC, lower VS, and higher fracture energy, but had no disadvantages. Therefore, FUDMA/TEGDMA resin system had better comprehensive physicochemical properties than Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin system, and FUDMA had potential to be used as a substitute for Bis-GMA. PMID:26282076

  9. Thermal behavior of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine) networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bustos Figueroa, L. A.; Salgado Delgado, R.; García Hernandez, E.; Vargas Galarza, Z.; Rubio Rosas, E.; Salgado Rodriguez, R.

    2013-06-01

    Poly(HEMA-BisSi) networks were prepared by using acid-catalyzed sol-gel of bis-[trimethoxysilylpropyl]amine (BisSi) and free radical polymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). The thermal properties of the poly(HEMA-BisSi) networks were investigated with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The thermal behavior of these networks was also compared with homopolymers (The networks formed in both PHEMA and PBisSi gels were identified). The glass transition temperature (Tg) of PHEMA homopolymer was found as 103.74 °C. The thermal degradation of the poly(HEMA-BisSi) networks with different silica contents (e.g. 10, 15 and 25 wt%) were evaluated with use of DTG. It was observed that the thermal degradation temperature of poly(HEMA-BisSi) networks changed much with the BisSi content.

  10. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Charles Von Urban, Photographer June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Charles Von Urban, Photographer June 23, 1936, INTERIOR-PARLOR SHOWING FIREPLACE, WINDOWN TRIM, AND CORNICE. - George Fordham House, 329 Cherry Street, New York County, NY

  11. John von Neumann's mathematical "Utopia" in quantum theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valente, Giovanni

    This paper surveys John von Neumann's work on the mathematical foundations of quantum theories in the light of Hilbert's Sixth Problem concerning the geometrical axiomatization of physics. We argue that in von Neumann's view geometry was so tied to logic that he ultimately developed a logical interpretation of quantum probabilities. That motivated his abandonment of Hilbert space in favor of von Neumann algebras, specifically the type II1 factors, as the proper limit of quantum mechanics in infinite dimensions. Finally, we present the reasons why his axiomatic program remained an "unsolved problem" in mathematical physics. A recent unpublished result by Huzimiro Araki, proving that no algebra with a tracial state defined on it, such as the type II1 factors, can support any (regular) representation of the canonical commutation relations, is also reviewed and its consequences for von Neumann's projects are discussed.

  12. Quantum theory and geometry: sixty years after von Neumann

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varadarajan, V. S.

    1993-10-01

    This paper is a brief review of some of the developments in the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics that have taken place since the publication in 1932 of John von Neumann's celebrated treatise Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik.

  13. Baron von Zach and the astronomy in Languedoc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faidit, Jean-Michel

    The paper gives an overview of Franz Xaver von Zach's relations to the region of Languedoc in France and lists published and unpublished sources, among these letters to and from Zach kept in French archives.

  14. Dr. Wernher Von Braun examines a ruby crystal.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, and Dr. Eberhard Rees (left), deputy director, technical, examine a ruby crystal used in laser experiments in the Marshall Center's Space Sciences Laboratory.

  15. A proof of von Neumann's postulate in Quantum Mechanics

    SciTech Connect

    Conte, Elio

    2010-05-04

    A Clifford algebraic analysis is explained. It gives proof of von Neumann's postulate on quantum measurement. It is of basic significance to explain the problem of quantum wave function reduction in quantum mechanics.

  16. Alexander von Humboldt and the Origins of Landscape Archaeology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathewson, Kent

    1986-01-01

    Reviews the life, theories, and influence of Alexander von Humboldt, the early nineteenth century founder of modern geography. Maintains that Humboldt's novel approaches to the study of landscape antiquities have value for contemporary students in cultural and historical geography. (JDH)

  17. Computed tomography of the liver in von Gierke's disease.

    PubMed

    Biondetti, P R; Fiore, D; Muzzio, P C

    1980-10-01

    The computed tomography findings in the liver of a patient with von Gierke's disease are presented. Precontrast scans demonstrated diffuse decreased density throughout the liver. In the postcontrast scans, a focal right sided hyperdense area was visualized. PMID:6931833

  18. Director von Braun Presents General Medaris With Golf Bag

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1959-01-01

    Marshall Space Flight Center Director Wernher von Braun presents General J.B. Medaris with a new golf bag. General Medaris, (left) was a Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama during 1955 to 1958.

  19. 33. HISTORIC VIEW OF WERNHER VON BRAUN LOOKS THROUGH THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    33. HISTORIC VIEW OF WERNHER VON BRAUN LOOKS THROUGH THE PERISCOPE FROM THE CONTROL ROOM AT TEST STAND NO. 1, PEENEMUENDE. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Redstone Rocket (Missile) Test Stand, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

  20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July 1965 BARRACKS (West), Left - BARRACKS (East), Right (Combined into New Barn) - Fort Larned, Barracks (West), Larned, Pawnee County, KS

  1. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey David von Riesen, Photographer July 1965 BARRACKS (West), Left - BARRACKS (East), Right (Combined into New Barn) - Fort Larned, Barracks (East), Larned, Pawnee County, KS

  2. Wernher von Braun with German Officers and Others

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1942-01-01

    General Erich Fellgiebel, head of the German Army Information Service during World War II, congratulates members of the von Braun rocket team from Peenemunde for their October 3, 1942 A4 flight. Pictured front center is General Erich Fellgiebel. Shaking hands are General Walter Dornberger (left) and General Janssen, commanding officer of Peenemuende with Rudolph Hermarn to their right. Picture left to right in the back row are Wernher von Braun, Captain Stoelzel, Luftwaffe, and Dr. Gerhard Reisig.

  3. John von Neumann on Mathematical and Axiomatic Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rédei, Miklós

    The aim of this paper is to recall and analyse von Neumann's position on mathematical and axiomatic physics. It will be argued that von Neumann demanded much less mathematical rigor in physics than commonly thought and that he followed an opportunistically interpreted soft axiomatic method in physics. The notion of opportunistic soft axiomatization is illustrated by recalling his work on the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics.

  4. von Neumann entropy of N interacting pencils of radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Barakat, R. ); Brosseau, C. )

    1993-03-01

    The von Neumann entropy of N interacting pencils of radiation is analyzed by using their spectral density matrix. When the cross-spectral density is the same for all pairs of pencils, the entropy is evaluated in closed form as a function of Barakat's N-fold polarization measures. Some technical and historical remarks are made concerning the Planck-von Laue entropy of such pencils. 16 refs., 3 figs.

  5. Neurological Management of Von Hippel-Lindau Disease.

    PubMed

    Hodgson, Trent S; Nielsen, Sarah M; Lesniak, Maciej S; Lukas, Rimas V

    2016-09-01

    Von Hippel-Lindau disease is a genetic condition due to mutation of the Von Hippel-Lindau gene, which leads to an increased risk in the development of hemangioblastomas of the brain and spinal cord. The pathophysiology of disease and its clinical manifestations, as they pertain to the general neurologist, are discussed. Therapeutic management of central nervous system hemangioblastomas ranging from neurosurgical resection, radiation therapy, and systemic therapies is reviewed. PMID:27564075

  6. Synthesis of bis-cellobiose and bis-glucose derivatives of azacrown macrocycles as hosts in complexes with acetylsalicylic acid and 4-acetamidophenol.

    PubMed

    Pintal, Michalina; Kryczka, Bogusław; Marsura, Alain; Porwański, Stanisław

    2014-03-11

    Two new C2 symmetric bis-cellobiose and bis-glucose azacrown derivatives were prepared according to the one-step procedure using azacrown ethers and azidosaccharides. Their complexes with aspirin and paracetamol were studied with the use of proton NMR spectroscopy. It was found that these pseudocryptands bind aspirin and paracetamol but each one in a different manner. PMID:24462669

  7. 21 CFR 73.3100 - 1,4-Bis[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1,4-Bis -9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers. 73.3100 Section 73.3100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical...

  8. 21 CFR 73.3100 - 1,4-Bis[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1,4-Bis -9,10-anthracenedione bis(2-propenoic)ester copolymers. 73.3100 Section 73.3100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical...

  9. 40 CFR 721.10383 - Urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis[N′,N′-bis[3-polyalkyleneamino]-, compd. with formaldehyde...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). 721.10383 Section 721.10383 Protection of...,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance... urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (PMN P-10-324)...

  10. 40 CFR 721.10383 - Urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis[N′,N′-bis[3-polyalkyleneamino]-, compd. with formaldehyde...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). 721.10383 Section 721.10383 Protection of...,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance... urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (PMN P-10-324)...

  11. 40 CFR 721.10383 - Urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis[N′,N′-bis[3-polyalkyleneamino]-, compd. with formaldehyde...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). 721.10383 Section 721.10383 Protection of...,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (generic). (a) Chemical substance... urea, N,N′-(methyl-1,3-phenylene)bis -, compd. with formaldehyde polymer with phenol (PMN P-10-324)...

  12. Microwave assisted synthesis of bis and tris(ω-bromoacetophenones): versatile precursors for novel bis(imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines), bis(imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines) and their tris-analogs

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background α-Bromination of the side chain of aromatic ketones using NBS in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TsOH) in acetonitrile is very common. However, regioselective bromination of bis and tris(ω-bromoacetophenones) with NBS in the presence of p-TsOH in acetonitrile under microwave irradiation is quite novel. The bis- and tris(ω-bromoacetophenones) are used in synthesis of bis and tris(heterocycles). bis(heterocycles) have received a great deal of attention, because many biologically active natural and synthetic products have molecular symmetry. The use of the pressurized microwave irradiation is very advantageous to many syntheses and provide a large rate enhancement. Results Bis and tris(ω-bromoacetophenones) were obtained as single monobrominated derivatives in a shorter time than the conventional conditions. The results clearly demonstrate the better reactivity and selectivity of NBS/p-TsOH/CH3CN as a brominating mixture under microwave conditions. The reaction of bis and tris(ω-bromoacetophenone) with 2-aminopyridine and 2-aminopyrimidine proceeded smoothly in a mixture of anhydrous ethanol and DMF under reflux or using 300 W/105°C/ 20 min microwave irradiation conditions to afford the corresponding bis(imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine), bis(imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidine) and tris(imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine) derivatives in moderate to excellent yields. The carbonyl analogue of the targeted bis(imidazopyridines) could be synthesized by the reaction of N,N-dimethyl-N'-(pyridin-2-yl)formimidamide with bis(ω-bromoacetophenone) in refluxing ethanol. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by their spectral data as well as their elemental analyses. Conclusion In conclusion, selective α-bromination of bis- and tris(acetophenones) has been accomplished efficiently utilizing NBS/p-TsOH/CH3CN under microwave irradiation. In addition, a facile synthesis of novel series of bis- and tris(imidazopyridine) and bis(imidazopyrimidine) derivatives

  13. Lack of multimer organization of von Willebrand factor in an acquired von Willebrand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Casonato, A; Pontara, E; Doria, A; Bertomoro, A; Cattini, M G; Gambari, P F; Girolami, A

    2002-03-01

    We report a case of acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) in a 20-year-old-woman with systemic lupus erythematosus, in whom severe bleeding complications followed kidney biopsy. Coagulation studies demonstrated undetectable levels of ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation (RIPA), von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF:Ag) and VWF ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo), associated with significantly prolonged bleeding time; unlike type 3 von Willebrand disease (VWD), platelet VWF was reduced but not undetectable. The plasma VWF multimer pattern was characterized by the presence of only two bands, one of low molecular weight (MW) running as the protomer of plasma VWF in normals, the other of abnormally high MW without detectable intermediate multimers; this pattern resembles that of VWF present in endothelial cells. A search for an anti-VWF antibody demonstrated the presence of an inhibitor at high titre. This anti-VWF antibody did not interfere in the interaction of VWF with platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib through the A1 domain, and did not react with the A2 domain of VWF; instead, it seemed to modify the relative representation of high and low MW VWF multimers released by normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). After Azathioprine and corticosteroid treatment, the anti-VWF antibody disappeared and the patient's haemostatic profile normalized, except for the platelet VWF content which still remained decreased. We suggest that the anti-VWF antibody present in the AVWS described compromised both circulating VWF levels and their multimeric organization, inducing the maintenance of the multimer structure that VWF normally has before or in the early phase after secretion from endothelial cells. PMID:11886398

  14. Poly[bis[μ-1,3-bis-(imidazol-1-ylmeth-yl)benzene-κN:N]bis-(nitrato-κO)cadmium].

    PubMed

    Hu, Xi-Ying; Yang, Guang-Rui; Shan, Wen-Wen

    2011-07-01

    A novel metal-organic framework based on 1,3-bis-(imidazol-1-ylmeth-yl)benzene (1,3-bimb), [Cd(NO(3))(2)(C(14)H(14)N(4))(2)](n), has been synthesized hydro-thermally. The structure exhibits a two-dimensional metal-organic (4,4)-net composed of Cd(II) atoms and bimb ligands, and such layers are further joined through inter-layer C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds to generate a three-dimensional supra-molecular structure. PMID:21836888

  15. Synthesis and Characterization of bis(Tetrahydrofurfuryl) Ether.

    PubMed

    Stenger-Smith, John D; Baldwin, Lawrence; Chafin, Andrew; Goodman, Paul A

    2016-08-01

    Despite the availability of a large number of alkyl tetrahydrofurfuryl ethers that have a wide range of applications, pure bis(tetrahydrofurfuryl) ether (BTHFE) has not been previously synthesized. Here, we report the synthesis of BTHFE (consisting of the RR, SS, and meso stereoisomers) at greater than 99 % purity from tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, using (tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl methanesulfonate as an intermediate. Additionally, we demonstrate that BTHFE can be used as a non-volatile solvent in poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene)-based supercapacitors. Supercapacitor devices employing solutions of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidizolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide in BTHFE display similar performances to those prepared by using the neat ionic liquid as an electrolyte, although solution-based devices exhibit a somewhat higher resistance. PMID:27547636

  16. Superconductivity in layered BiS2-based compounds

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Yazici, D.; Jeon, I.; White, B. D.; Maple, M. B.

    2015-02-25

    Here, a novel family of superconductors based on BiS2-based superconducting layers were discovered in 2012. In short order, other BiS2-based superconductors with the same or related crystal structures were discovered with superconducting critical temperatures Tc of up to 10 K. Many experimental and theoretical studies have been carried out with the goal of establishing the basic properties of these new materials and understanding the underlying mechanism for superconductivity. In this selective review of the literature, we distill the central discoveries from this extensive body of work, and discuss the results from different types of experiments on these materials within themore » context of theoretical concepts and models.« less

  17. Method for synthesizing metal bis(borano) hypophosphite complexes

    DOEpatents

    Cordaro, Joseph G.

    2013-06-18

    The present invention describes the synthesis of a family of metal bis(borano) hypophosphite complexes. One procedure described in detail is the syntheses of complexes beginning from phosphorus trichloride and sodium borohydride. Temperature, solvent, concentration, and atmosphere are all critical to ensure product formation. In the case of sodium bis(borano) hypophosphite, hydrogen gas was evolved upon heating at temperatures above 150.degree. C. Included in this family of materials are the salts of the alkali metals Li, Na and K, and those of the alkaline earth metals Mg and Ca. Hydrogen storage materials are possible. In particular the lithium salt, Li[PH.sub.2(BH.sub.3).sub.2], theoretically would contain nearly 12 wt % hydrogen. Analytical data for product characterization and thermal properties are given.

  18. Synthesis and Characterization of bis(Tetrahydrofurfuryl) Ether

    PubMed Central

    Stenger‐Smith, John D.; Baldwin, Lawrence; Chafin, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Despite the availability of a large number of alkyl tetrahydrofurfuryl ethers that have a wide range of applications, pure bis(tetrahydrofurfuryl) ether (BTHFE) has not been previously synthesized. Here, we report the synthesis of BTHFE (consisting of the RR, SS, and meso stereoisomers) at greater than 99 % purity from tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, using (tetrahydrofuran‐2‐yl)methyl methanesulfonate as an intermediate. Additionally, we demonstrate that BTHFE can be used as a non‐volatile solvent in poly(3,4‐propylenedioxythiophene)‐based supercapacitors. Supercapacitor devices employing solutions of the ionic liquid 1‐ethyl‐3‐methyl‐imidizolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide in BTHFE display similar performances to those prepared by using the neat ionic liquid as an electrolyte, although solution‐based devices exhibit a somewhat higher resistance. PMID:27547636

  19. Bis(vinylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene analogues of BEDT-TTF.

    PubMed

    Ertas, Erdal; Demirtas, İlknur; Ozturk, Turan

    2015-01-01

    This review aims to give an overview of the current status of our research on the synthesis of π-electron donor bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF, ET) analogues prepared from 1,8-diketones via a ring forming reaction. The new synthesized π-electron donors have vinyl moieties producing extended π-electron delocalization over the substituent phenyl rings at the peripheries. PMID:25977714

  20. First hyperpolarizabilities of dipolar, bis-dipolar, and octupolar molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Si Kyung; Ahn, Hyun Cheol; Jeon, Seung-Joon; Asselberghs, Inge; Clays, Koen; Persoons, André; Cho, Bong Rae

    2005-02-01

    A series of dipolar ( 1), bis-dipolar ( 2), and octupolar molecules ( 3) containing 1, 2, and 6 dipolar units within a molecule has been synthesized and their hyperpolarizabilities were analyzed. The βHRS increases in the order, 1 < 2 < 3. The 'monomeric' βzzz increases by approximately twofold from 1 to 2, whereas βzzz of 2 and βxxx of 3 are similar. Noteworthy is the parallel increase in the hyperpolarizability tensor with the λmax.

  1. Regioselective synthesis of chiral dimethyl-bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene sulfones

    PubMed Central

    Pop, Flavia

    2015-01-01

    Summary Enantiopure (R,R) and (S,S)-dimethyl-bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene monosulfones have been synthesized by the aerial oxidation of the chiral dithiolates generated from the propionitrile-protected precursors. Both enantiomers crystallize in the orthorhombic chiral space group P212121. They show a boat-type conformation of the TTF moiety, a rather rigid dithiin sulfone ring and the methyl groups in a bisequatorial conformation. Cyclic voltammetry measurements indicate fully reversible oxidation in radical cation and dication species. PMID:26199666

  2. Bis(vinylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene analogues of BEDT-TTF

    PubMed Central

    Demirtas, İlknur; Ozturk, Turan

    2015-01-01

    Summary This review aims to give an overview of the current status of our research on the synthesis of π-electron donor bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF, ET) analogues prepared from 1,8-diketones via a ring forming reaction. The new synthesized π-electron donors have vinyl moieties producing extended π-electron delocalization over the substituent phenyl rings at the peripheries. PMID:25977714

  3. Synthesis and structure of triphenylbismuth bis(3-phenylprop-2-enoate)

    SciTech Connect

    Andreev, P. V. Somov, N. V.; Kalistratova, O. S.; Gushchin, A. V.; Chuprunov, E. V.

    2015-07-15

    The newly synthesized triphenylbismuth bis(3-phenylprop-2-enoate) was studied by X-ray diffraction and by IR, UV, and NMR spectroscopy. The crystals are monoclinic, sp. gr. C2/c, Z = 4, a = 13.2820(4) Å, b = 21.3750(2) Å, c = 12.2407(2) Å, β = 119.936(1)°. The coordination polyhedron of the bismuth atom can be described as a distorted pentagonal bipyramid.

  4. π-Conjugated bis(terpyridine)metal complex molecular wires.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, Ryota; Wu, Kuo-Hui; Matsuoka, Ryota; Maeda, Hiroaki; Nishihara, Hiroshi

    2015-11-01

    Bottom-up approaches have gained significant attention recently for the creation of nano-sized, ordered functional structures and materials. Stepwise coordination techniques, in which ligand molecules and metal sources are reacted alternatively, offer several advantages. Coordination bonds are stable, reversible, and self-assembling, and the resultant metal complex motifs may contain functionalities unique to their own characteristics. This review focuses on metal complex wire systems, specifically the bottom-up fabrication of linear and branched bis(terpyridine)metal complex wires on electrode surfaces. This system possesses distinct and characteristic electronic functionalities, intra-wire redox conduction and excellent long-range electron transport ability. This series of comprehensive studies exploited the customizability of bis(terpyridine)metal complex wires, including examining the influence of building blocks. In addition, simple yet effective electron transfer models were established for redox conduction and long-range electron transport. A fabrication technique for an ultra-long bis(terpyridine)metal complex wire is also described, along with its properties and functionalities. PMID:25864838

  5. catena-Poly[[[di-aqua-bis-[1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)diazene]copper(II)]-μ-1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)diazene] bis-(perchlorate)].

    PubMed

    Ballestero-Martínez, Ernesto; Campos-Fernández, Cristian Saul; Soto-Tellini, Victor Hugo; Gonzalez-Montiel, Simplicio; Martínez-Otero, Diego

    2013-06-01

    In the title compound, {[Cu(C10H8N4)3(H2O)2](ClO4)2} n , the coordination environment of the cationic Cu(II) atom is distorted octa-hedral, formed by pairs of symmetry-equivalent 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)diazene ligands, bridging 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)diazene ligands and two non-equivalent water mol-ecules. The 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)diazene mol-ecules form polymeric chains parallel to [-101] via azo bonds which are situated about inversion centres. Since the Cu(II) atom is situated on a twofold rotation axis, the monomeric unit has point symmetry 2. The perchlorate anions are disordered in a 0.536 (9):0.464 (9) ratio and are acceptors of water H atoms in medium-strong O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds with graph set R 4 (4)(12). The water mol-ecules, which are coordinated to the Cu(II) atom and are hydrogen-bonded to the perchlorate anions, form columns parallel to [010]. A π-π inter-action [centroid-centroid distance = 3.913 (2) Å] occurs between pyridine rings, and weak C-H⋯O inter-actions also occur. PMID:23794983

  6. catena-Poly[[[di­aqua­bis­[1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)diazene]copper(II)]-μ-1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)diazene] bis­(perchlorate)

    PubMed Central

    Ballestero-Martínez, Ernesto; Campos-Fernández, Cristian Saul; Soto-Tellini, Victor Hugo; Gonzalez-Montiel, Simplicio; Martínez-Otero, Diego

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, {[Cu(C10H8N4)3(H2O)2](ClO4)2}n, the coordination environment of the cationic CuII atom is distorted octa­hedral, formed by pairs of symmetry-equivalent 1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)diazene ligands, bridging 1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)diazene ligands and two non-equivalent water mol­ecules. The 1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)diazene mol­ecules form polymeric chains parallel to [-101] via azo bonds which are situated about inversion centres. Since the CuII atom is situated on a twofold rotation axis, the monomeric unit has point symmetry 2. The perchlorate anions are disordered in a 0.536 (9):0.464 (9) ratio and are acceptors of water H atoms in medium–strong O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds with graph set R 4 4(12). The water mol­ecules, which are coordinated to the CuII atom and are hydrogen-bonded to the perchlorate anions, form columns parallel to [010]. A π–π inter­action [centroid–centroid distance = 3.913 (2) Å] occurs between pyridine rings, and weak C—H⋯O inter­actions also occur. PMID:23794983

  7. Periodontal manifestations of von Recklinghausen neuro fibromatosis.

    PubMed

    Shetty, Bhavya; Umesh, Y; Kranti, K; Seshan, Hema

    2013-03-01

    Neurofibroma is an uncommon benign tumor of the oral cavity derived from the cells that constitute the nerve sheath neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), also known as von Recklinghausen's disease, is the most common type of neurofibromatosis and accounts for about 90% of all cases. It is one of the most frequent human genetic diseases, with the prevalence of one case in 3,000 births. Neurofibroma is seen either as a solitary lesion or as part of the generalized syndrome of neurofibromatosis. The solitary form does not differ from the disseminated form or the multiple form of the disease, except that systemic and hereditary factors present in the disseminated form are absent in the solitary type. Oral cavity involvement by a solitary and peripheral plexiform neurofibroma in patients with no other signs of neurofibromatosis is uncommon. The expressivity of NF1 is extremely variable, with manifestations ranging from mild lesions to several complications and functional impairment. Oral manifestations can be found in almost 72% of NF1 patients. This is a case report of a 40-year-old lady with a history of multiple faint rounded densities in the skin, chest pain occasionally since 8 months and breathlessness since 1 year and swelling of the right side of the angle of the mandible with limited mouth opening. PMID:23869137

  8. Exponential Size Distribution of von Willebrand Factor

    PubMed Central

    Lippok, Svenja; Obser, Tobias; Müller, Jochen P.; Stierle, Valentin K.; Benoit, Martin; Budde, Ulrich; Schneppenheim, Reinhard; Rädler, Joachim O.

    2013-01-01

    Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) is a multimeric protein crucial for hemostasis. Under shear flow, it acts as a mechanosensor responding with a size-dependent globule-stretch transition to increasing shear rates. Here, we quantify for the first time, to our knowledge, the size distribution of recombinant VWF and VWF-eGFP using a multilateral approach that involves quantitative gel analysis, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. We find an exponentially decaying size distribution of multimers for recombinant VWF as well as for VWF derived from blood samples in accordance with the notion of a step-growth polymerization process during VWF biosynthesis. The distribution is solely described by the extent of polymerization, which was found to be reduced in the case of the pathologically relevant mutant VWF-IIC. The VWF-specific protease ADAMTS13 systematically shifts the VWF size distribution toward smaller sizes. This dynamic evolution is monitored using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and compared to a computer simulation of a random cleavage process relating ADAMTS13 concentration to the degree of VWF breakdown. Quantitative assessment of VWF size distribution in terms of an exponential might prove to be useful both as a valuable biophysical characterization and as a possible disease indicator for clinical applications. PMID:24010664

  9. ADAMTS13 and von Willebrand factor interactions

    PubMed Central

    Zander, Catherine B.; Cao, Wenjing; Zheng, X. Long

    2016-01-01

    Purpose of review ADAMTS13 is a zinc-containing metalloprotease that cleaves von Willebrand factor (VWF). Deficiency of plasma ADAMTS13 activity is accountable for a potentially fatal blood disorder thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Understanding of ADAMTS13–VWF interaction is essential for developing novel treatments to this disorder. Recent findings Despite the proteolytic activity of ADAMTS13 being restricted to the metalloprotease domain, the ancillary proximal C-terminal domains including the disintegrin domain, first TSP-1 repeat, cysteine-rich region, and spacer domain are all required for cleavage of VWF and its analogs. Recent studies have added to our understandings of the role of the specific regions in the disintegrin domain, the cysteine-rich domain, and the spacer domain responsible for its interaction with VWF. Additionally, regulative functions of the distal portion of ADAMTS13 including the TSP-1 2–8 repeats and the CUB domains have been proposed. Finally, fine mapping of anti-ADAMTS13 antibody epitopes have provided further insight into the essential structural elements in ADAMTS13 for VWF binding and the mechanism of autoantibody-mediated TTP. Summary Significant progress has been made in our understandings of the structure–function relationship of ADAMTS13 in the past decade. To further investigate ADAMTS13–VWF interactions for medical applications, these interactions must be studied under physiological conditions in vivo. PMID:26186678

  10. The von Neumann Triple Point Paradox

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanders, Richard; Tesdall, Allen M.

    We describe the problem of weak shock reflection off a wedge and discuss the triple point paradox that arises. When the shock is sufficiently weak and the wedge is thin, Mach reflection appears to be observed but is impossible according to what von Neumann originally showed in 1943. We summarize some recent numerical results for weak shock reflection problems for the unsteady transonic small disturbance equations, the nonlinear wave system, and the Euler equations. Rather than finding a standard but mathematically inadmissible Mach reflection with a shock triple point, the solutions contain a complex structure: there is a sequence of triple points and supersonic patches in a tiny region behind the leading triple point, with an expansion fan originating at each triple point. The sequence of patches may be infinite, and we refer to this structure as Guderley Mach reflection. The presence of the expansion fans at the triple points resolves the paradox. We describe some recent experimental evidence which is consistent with these numerical findings.

  11. Synthesis and DFT calculation on novel derivatives of Bis (indolyl) methanes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zarandi, Maryam; Salimi Beni, Alireza

    2016-09-01

    Bis (indolyl) methane derivatives are an important class of biomolecules and heterocyclic scaffold of organic compounds. To extension novel Bis (indolyl) methane derivatives, two new aldehydes have been applied. In order to structural investigation, the optimized geometry, total energy, potential energy surface and vibrational wavenumbers of Bis (indolyl) methanes have been determined using DFT/B3LYP method with 6-31G (d) basis set. A complete vibrational assignment is provided for the observed IR spectra of Bis (indolyl) methanes. These methods are proposed as a tool to be applied in the structural characterization of Bis (indolyl) methanes. The isotropic chemical shift computed by 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the Bis (indolyl) methanes, calculated using the GIAO method, shows good agreement with experimental observations. The calculated HOMO and LUMO with frontier orbital gap are presented in order to predict antibacterial properties.

  12. Maternal BIS Sensitivity, Overprotective Parenting, and Children’s Internalizing Behaviors

    PubMed Central

    Kiel, Elizabeth J.; Maack, Danielle J.

    2012-01-01

    Although sensitivity to the Behavioral Inhibition System within Gray’s (1970) reinforcement sensitivity theory relates to individuals’ own depressive and anxious symptomatology, less is known about how parental BIS sensitivity relates to early indicators of internalizing problems in young children. Moreover, the extent to which this parental characteristic relates to parenting behavior, and children’s internalizing problems above and beyond parenting, remains unknown. The current study assessed maternal BIS sensitivity, overprotective parenting, and toddlers’ internalizing behaviors in a sample of 91 mothers while controlling for mothers’ own internalizing symptomatology. Heightened BIS sensitivity related to both overprotective parenting and internalizing behaviors. Overprotective parenting partially mediated the relation between BIS sensitivity and children’s internalizing behaviors, although BIS sensitivity maintained a marginal relation to internalizing behaviors. Maternal BIS sensitivity and toddler internalizing behaviors may represent a shared disposition towards inhibition that is somewhat accounted for by overprotective parenting. PMID:22904590

  13. Superconductivity in BiS2-based compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yazici, Duygu

    2014-03-01

    Polycrystalline samples of Ln O0.5F0.5BiS2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Yb) were synthesized by solid-state reaction. These compounds form in a tetragonal structure with space group P 4 / nmm conforming to the CeOBiS2 crystal structure. Electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements were performed on all of the samples. All of the compounds exhibit superconductivity in the range 1.9 K - 5.4 K, and the YbO0.5F0.5BiS2 sample was also found to exhibit magnetic order (probably antiferromagnetic order) at ~2.7 K that appears to coexist with superconductivity below 5.4 K. Electron-doping appears to induce superconductivity in the BiS2-based superconductors as partial substitution of F for O is necessary to observe superconductivity. This was further demonstrated in a study where trivalent La+3 was partially substituted with tetravalent Th+4, Hf+4, Zr+4, and Ti+4, all of which induced superconductivity. We also observed that substitution of divalent Sr+2 for La+3 (hole doping) does not induce superconductivity. Electrical resistivity measurements were also performed under applied pressure on Ln O0.5F0.5BiS2 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd) up to ~3 GPa and down to 1 K. These studies revealed a universal behavior where the systems are tuned away from semi-conducting behavior towards metallic behavior. The superconducting states were stabilized by applied pressure, so that Tc increased in all of the rare earth members listed. At a critical pressure Pc, Tc increases rapidly from a low Tc phase to a distinct high Tc phase, after which additional pressure no longer suppressed the semiconducting behavior in the normal state [3,4]. In addition, the metallization of NdO0.5F0.5BiS2 also occurs at Pc. Research was supported by the US AFOSR MURI FA9550-09-1-0603, US DOE DE-FG02-04-ER46105 and NNSA DE-NA0001841.

  14. Characterization of aberrant splicing of von Willebrand factor in von Willebrand disease: an underrecognized mechanism.

    PubMed

    Hawke, Lindsey; Bowman, Mackenzie L; Poon, Man-Chiu; Scully, Mary-Frances; Rivard, Georges-Etienne; James, Paula D

    2016-07-28

    Approximately 10% of von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene mutations are thought to alter messenger RNA (mRNA) splicing through disruption of consensus splice sites. This mechanism is likely underrecognized and affected by mutations outside consensus splice sites. During VWF synthesis, splicing abnormalities lead to qualitative defects or quantitative deficiencies in VWF. This study investigated the pathologic mechanism acting in 3 von Willebrand disease (VWD) families with putative splicing mutations using patient-derived blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) and a heterologous human embryonic kidney (HEK 293(T)) cell model. The exonic mutation c.3538G>A causes 3 in-frame splicing variants (23del, 26del, and 23/26del) which cannot bind platelets, blood coagulation factor VIII, or collagen, causing VWD through dominant-negative intracellular retention of coexpressed wild-type (WT) VWF, and increased trafficking to lysosomes. Individuals heterozygous for the c.5842+1G>C mutation produce exon 33 skipping, exons 33-34 skipping, and WT VWF transcripts. Pathogenic intracellular retention of VWF lacking exons 33-34 causes their VWD. The branch site mutation c.6599-20A>T causes type 1 VWD through mRNA degradation of exon 38 skipping transcripts. Splicing ratios of aberrant transcripts and coexpressed WT were altered in the BOECs with exposure to shear stress. This study provides evidence of mutations outside consensus splice sites disrupting splicing and introduces the concept that VWF splicing is affected by shear stress on endothelial cells. PMID:27317792

  15. Diagnostic Value of Measuring Platelet Von Willebrand Factor in Von Willebrand Disease

    PubMed Central

    Casonato, Alessandra; Cattini, Maria Grazia; Daidone, Viviana; Pontara, Elena; Bertomoro, Antonella; Prandoni, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Von Willebrand disease (VWD) may be caused by an impaired von Willebrand factor (VWF) synthesis, its increased clearance or abnormal function, or combinations of these factors. It may be difficult to recognize the different contributions of these anomalies. Here we demonstrate that VWD diagnostics gains from measuring platelet VWF, which can reveal a defective VWF synthesis. Measuring platelet VWF revealed that: severe type 1 VWD always coincided with significantly lower platelet and plasma VWF levels, whereas mild forms revealed low plasma VWF levels associated with low or normal platelet VWF levels, and the latter were associated with a slightly shorter VWF survival; type Vicenza (the archetype VWD caused by a reduced VWF survival) featured normal platelet VWF levels despite significantly reduced plasma VWF levels; type 2B patients could have either normal platelet VWF levels associated with abnormal multimer patterns, or reduced platelet VWF levels associated with normal multimer patterns; type 2A patients could have reduced or normal platelet VWF levels, the former associated mainly with type 2A-I, the latter with type 2A-II; plasma and platelet VWF levels were normal in type 2N, except when the defect was associated with a quantitative VWF mutation. Our findings show that measuring platelet VWF helps to characterize VWD, especially the ambiguous phenotypes, shedding light on the mechanisms underlying the disorder. PMID:27532107

  16. Locally Compact Quantum Groups. A von Neumann Algebra Approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Daele, Alfons

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we give an alternative approach to the theory of locally compact quantum groups, as developed by Kustermans and Vaes. We start with a von Neumann algebra and a comultiplication on this von Neumann algebra. We assume that there exist faithful left and right Haar weights. Then we develop the theory within this von Neumann algebra setting. In [Math. Scand. 92 (2003), 68-92] locally compact quantum groups are also studied in the von Neumann algebraic context. This approach is independent of the original C^*-algebraic approach in the sense that the earlier results are not used. However, this paper is not really independent because for many proofs, the reader is referred to the original paper where the C^*-version is developed. In this paper, we give a completely self-contained approach. Moreover, at various points, we do things differently. We have a different treatment of the antipode. It is similar to the original treatment in [Ann. Sci. & #201;cole Norm. Sup. (4) 33 (2000), 837-934]. But together with the fact that we work in the von Neumann algebra framework, it allows us to use an idea from [Rev. Roumaine Math. Pures Appl. 21 (1976), 1411-1449] to obtain the uniqueness of the Haar weights in an early stage. We take advantage of this fact when deriving the other main results in the theory. We also give a slightly different approach to duality. Finally, we collect, in a systematic way, several important formulas. In an appendix, we indicate very briefly how the C^*-approach and the von Neumann algebra approach eventually yield the same objects. The passage from the von Neumann algebra setting to the C^*-algebra setting is more or less standard. For the other direction, we use a new method. It is based on the observation that the Haar weights on the C^*-algebra extend to weights on the double dual with central support and that all these supports are the same. Of course, we get the von Neumann algebra by cutting down the double dual with this unique

  17. Blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence materials based on bis(phenylsulfonyl)benzene derivatives.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ming; Seino, Yuki; Chen, Dongcheng; Inomata, Susumu; Su, Shi-Jian; Sasabe, Hisahiro; Kido, Junji

    2015-11-25

    Two blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence molecules based on bis(phenylsulfonyl)benzene with very small singlet-triplet splitting energy were designed and synthesized by combining 3,6-di-tert-butylcarbazole with 1,4-bis(phenylsulfonyl)benzene and 1,3-bis(phenylsulfonyl)benzene, and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 11.7% was achieved for an electroluminescent device. PMID:26405720

  18. 2,2-Bis[(2-halo-4-aminophenoxy)phenyl]-hexafluoropropane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Robert J. (Inventor); Chang, Glenn E. C. (Inventor)

    1985-01-01

    There are provided the aromatic diamines 2,2-bis-[(2-halo-4-aminophenoxy)-phenyl]hexafluoropropane, where the attached ortho halogen is preferably chlorine, and 4,4'-bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, as novel monomers for polyimide polymerizations. The former, when reacted with 2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane dianhydride, provides a polyimide having exceptional high-temperature performance. The latter diamine is a low-cost monomer for polyimide production.

  19. 40 CFR 721.982 - Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,Oâ²... Substances § 721.982 Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′) (PMN P-93-214,...

  20. 40 CFR 721.982 - Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,Oâ²... Substances § 721.982 Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′) (PMN P-93-214,...

  1. 40 CFR 721.982 - Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,Oâ²... Substances § 721.982 Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′) (PMN P-93-214,...

  2. 40 CFR 721.982 - Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,Oâ²... Substances § 721.982 Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′) (PMN P-93-214,...

  3. 40 CFR 721.982 - Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,Oâ²... Substances § 721.982 Calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′). (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance calcium, bis(2,4-pentanedionato-O,O′) (PMN P-93-214,...

  4. Biosynthesis of von Willebrand protein by human megakaryocytes.

    PubMed Central

    Sporn, L A; Chavin, S I; Marder, V J; Wagner, D D

    1985-01-01

    Immunofluorescence staining of buffy coat smears from a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia in accelerated phase showed that approximately 13% of all nucleated cells contained von Willebrand protein and, therefore, appeared to be of megakaryocytic origin. This was confirmed by positive staining with antisera against platelet factor 4 and platelet glycoproteins. Short-term cultures of the buffy coat, which lacked endothelial cells, were metabolically labeled with [35S]methionine, and von Willebrand protein was immunopurified from cell lysates and culture medium. Cultures from this patient synthesized and secreted von Willebrand protein, in contrast with cultures from other patients with leukemia, who lacked circulating megakaryocytes, and from normal volunteers. The subunit composition of the megakaryocytic von Willebrand protein was very similar to that of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The size of the processed subunit (220 kD) and of the cellular (260 kD) and secreted (275 kD) precursors from the two cell types were indistinguishable by gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, the ratio of precursor to processed subunit and the pattern of cellular and secreted nonreduced multimers were very similar. It appears, therefore, that the processing steps in biosynthesis of von Willebrand protein used by the megakaryocytes are very similar to those of umbilical vein endothelial cells. Images PMID:2413071

  5. Myosin heavy chain is stabilized by BCL-2 interacting cell death suppressor (BIS) in skeletal muscle

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Jin; Park, Jun-Sub; Lee, Hyun; Jeong, Jaemin; Hyeon Yun, Hye; Yun Kim, Hye; Ko, Young-Gyu; Lee, Jeong-Hwa

    2016-01-01

    BCL-2 interacting cell death suppressor (BIS), which is ubiquitously expressed, has important roles in various cellular processes, such as apoptosis, the cellular stress response, migration and invasion and protein quality control. In particular, BIS is highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles, and BIS gene mutations result in human myopathy. In this study, we show that mRNA and protein levels of BIS were markedly increased during skeletal myogenesis in C2C12 cells and mouse satellite cells. BIS knockdown did not prevent the early stage of skeletal myogenesis, but did induce muscle atrophy and a decrease in the diameter of myotubes. BIS knockdown significantly suppressed the expression level of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) without changing the expression levels of myogenic marker proteins, such as Mgn, Cav-3 and MG53. In addition, BIS endogenously interacted with MyHC, and BIS knockdown induced MyHC ubiquitination and degradation. From these data, we conclude that molecular association of MyHC and BIS is necessary for MyHC stabilization in skeletal muscle. PMID:27034027

  6. Review of superconductivity in BiS2-based layered materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizuguchi, Yoshikazu

    2015-09-01

    In 2012, a new layered superconductor where BiS2 layer is the superconducting layer was discovered. So far, seven types of BiS2-based superconductors and two related superconductors have been discovered. In this article, the diversity of the crystal structure and the physical properties of the BiS2-based superconductors are reviewed. Furthermore, notable characteristics of superconductivity in the BiS2 family are introduced. The prospects for raising Tc in this family are proposed on the basis of experimental and theoretical studies.

  7. Activity-guided isolation of cytotoxic bis-bibenzyl constituents from Dumortiera hirsuta.

    PubMed

    Toyota, Masao; Ikeda, Risa; Kenmoku, Hiromichi; Asakawa, Yoshinori

    2013-01-01

    Activity-guided fractionation of the ether extract of Dumortiera hirsute (Japanese liverwort), using cytotoxicity testing with cultured HL 60 and KB cells, resulted in the isolation of a new cytotoxic bis-bibenzyl compound, along with the two known bis-bibenzyls: isomarchantin C and isoriccardin C. The structural determination of the new bis-bibenzyl through extensive NMR spectral data indicated a derivative of marchantin A, which has been isolated from the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. The cytotoxicity of the bis-bibenzyls was evaluated by the MTT (3-(4,5-di-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay using cultured HL 60 and KB cells. PMID:23391534

  8. Gamma Stability in Free Product von Neumann Algebras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houdayer, Cyril

    2015-06-01

    Let be a free product of arbitrary von Neumann algebras endowed with faithful normal states. Assume that the centralizer is diffuse. We first show that any intermediate subalgebra which has nontrivial central sequences in M is necessarily equal to M 1. Then we obtain a general structural result for all the intermediate subalgebras with expectation. We deduce that any diffuse amenable von Neumann algebra can be concretely realized as a maximal amenable subalgebra with expectation inside a full nonamenable type III1 factor. This provides the first class of concrete maximal amenable subalgebras in the framework of type III factors. We finally strengthen all these results in the case of tracial free product von Neumann algebras.

  9. Renaturierung von subalpinen und alpinen Ökosystemen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krautzer, B.; Klug, Brigitte

    Die große Vielfalt an alpinen und subalpinen Ökosystemen auf waldfreien Standorten stellt besonders hohe Anforderungen an Planung und Durchführung von Renaturierungsmaßnahmen. Zunehmende Meereshöhe, starke Hangneigungen und extreme klimatische Verhältnisse im Gebirge bedingen zudem seit jeher natürliche Erosionsprozesse. Die zahllosen menschlichen Aktivitäten der letzten Jahrzehnte, gepaart mit unzureichenden Begrünungsmaßnahmen, erhöhen dieses Risiko noch um ein Vielfaches: Geländekorrekturen im Zuge von Skipistenbauten, Almrevitalisierungen, Forst- und Almwegebauten, Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung der touristischen Infrastruktur oder Wildbach- und Lawinenverbauungen. Nur durch Verwendung von hochwertigem, dem Standort angepasstem Pflanzen-oder Saatgutmaterial in Kombination mit der passenden Begrünungstechnik kann dieser Bedrohung dauerhaft entgegengewirkt werden. Dabei sind folgende limitierende Faktoren besonders zu beachten.

  10. Gunther von Hagens' BODY WORLDS: selling beautiful education.

    PubMed

    Burns, Lawrence

    2007-04-01

    In the BODY WORLDS exhibitions currently touring the United States, Gunther von Hagens displays human cadavers preserved through plastination. Whole bodies are playfully posed and exposed to educate the public. However, the educational aims are ambiguous, and some aspects of the exhibit violate human dignity. In particular, the signature cards attached to the whole-body plastinates that bear the title, the signature of Gunther von Hagens, and the date of creation mark the plastinates as artwork and von Hagens as the artist in a gesture that strips the personal dignity from the donors. I conclude that the educational use of cadavers is compatible with respect for dignity if: 1) the utility of such use is great enough; 2) there are no other ways of achieving these ends; and 3) every effort is made to honor the dignity of the donors. PMID:17454986

  11. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome: diagnostic problems and therapeutic options.

    PubMed

    Eikenboom, Jeroen C J; Tjernberg, Pernilla; Van Marion, Vincent; Heering, Karel J

    2007-01-01

    We present a case of acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) due to a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Initially this case was diagnosed as congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD); however, re-examination of the medical history rendered a congenital bleeding disorder unlikely. A normal plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) propeptide level and a very short half-life of VWF after a test infusion with factor VIII/VWF concentrate confirmed the diagnosis AVWS. Two major surgical procedures were successfully managed using high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin. The differential diagnosis with congenital VWD and the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of AVWS are discussed. We conclude that the diagnosis of AVWS relies primarily on clinical suspicion and a careful bleeding history. A correct diagnosis is essential for optimal perioperative management and treatment of bleeding episodes. PMID:16986130

  12. Changes in von Willebrand factor level and von Willebrand activity with age in type 1 von Willebrand disease

    PubMed Central

    Rydz, Natalia; Grabell, Julie; Lillicrap, David; James, Paula D.

    2015-01-01

    In a normal population, VWF plasma levels (VWF:Ag) and VWF activity (VWF:RCo) increase by approximately 0.17 and 0.15 IU/ml per decade, but the influence of age is unknown in patients with type 1 von Willebrand disease (VWD). In a retrospective cohort study, the medical records of 31 type 1 VWD patients over the age of 30, who had been followed for ≥5 years, were reviewed for baseline clinical data and previously performed VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo and factor VIII levels (FVIII:C). VWF multimer analysis was normal in 27/31 cases performed. Mean bleeding score was 9.4 (range 2-21). Mean age at diagnosis was 33 (range 16-60 years), and duration of follow-up ranged from 5-26 years (mean 11 years). Patients had 2-10 time points of VWD testing (mean of 5.2). The mean VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo and FVIII:C at time of diagnosis were 0.44 IU/ml 0.34 IU/ml and 0.75 IU/ml. At last follow-up, the mean VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo and FVIII:C were significantly increased to 0.71 IU/L, 0.56 IU/ml and 0.90 IU/ml (p=<0.001, <0.001, and 0.0081, respectively). 18/31 patients had VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo and FVIII:C levels that increased into the normal range. The rate of change in VWF:Ag and VWF:RCo was 0.30 IU/ml (0.214-0.386, CI 95%, p<0.0001) and 0.20 IU/ml per year (0.126-0.274, CI 95%, p=0.0001). Patients with type 1 VWD experience age-related increases to VWF:Ag and VWF:RCo which can result in normalization of VWF levels. Further studies are required to determine if the bleeding phenotype resolves with the increases in VWF:Ag and VWF:RCo levels. PMID:25756206

  13. Georg von Békésy: visualization of hearing.

    PubMed

    Evans, Rand B

    2003-09-01

    Georg von Békésy received the Nobel Prize in 1961 for his research on the functioning of the auditory system. In psychoacoustics, Békésy both extended and perfected the lines of research begun by von Helmholtz in the 19th century. First in his native Hungary and later at Harvard, Békésy used novel and imaginative devices and methods to observe and model the functioning of the inner ear. He also explored the nature of sensory inhibition by which the nervous system sharpens sensory transitions. PMID:14584991

  14. The Hochschild cohomology problem for von Neumann algebras

    PubMed Central

    Sinclair, Allan M.; Smith, Roger R.

    1998-01-01

    In 1967, when Kadison and Ringrose began the development of continuous cohomology theory for operator algebras, they conjectured that the cohomology groups Hn(M, M), n ≥ 1, for a von Neumann algebra M, should all be zero. This conjecture, which has important structural implications for von Neumann algebras, has been solved affirmatively in the type I, II∞, and III cases, leaving open only the type II1 case. In this paper, we describe a positive solution when M is type II1 and has a Cartan subalgebra and a separable predual. PMID:9520373

  15. The hochschild cohomology problem for von neumann algebras.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, A M; Smith, R R

    1998-03-31

    In 1967, when Kadison and Ringrose began the development of continuous cohomology theory for operator algebras, they conjectured that the cohomology groups Hn(M, M), n >/= 1, for a von Neumann algebra M, should all be zero. This conjecture, which has important structural implications for von Neumann algebras, has been solved affirmatively in the type I, IIinfinity, and III cases, leaving open only the type II1 case. In this paper, we describe a positive solution when M is type II1 and has a Cartan subalgebra and a separable predual. PMID:9520373

  16. The smooth entropy formalism for von Neumann algebras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berta, Mario; Furrer, Fabian; Scholz, Volkher B.

    2016-01-01

    We discuss information-theoretic concepts on infinite-dimensional quantum systems. In particular, we lift the smooth entropy formalism as introduced by Renner and collaborators for finite-dimensional systems to von Neumann algebras. For the smooth conditional min- and max-entropy, we recover similar characterizing properties and information-theoretic operational interpretations as in the finite-dimensional case. We generalize the entropic uncertainty relation with quantum side information of Tomamichel and Renner and discuss applications to quantum cryptography. In particular, we prove the possibility to perform privacy amplification and classical data compression with quantum side information modeled by a von Neumann algebra.

  17. An Accurate von Neumann's Law for Three-Dimensional Foams

    SciTech Connect

    Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Koehler, Stephan A.; Stone, Howard A.

    2001-03-19

    The diffusive coarsening of 2D soap froths is governed by von Neumann's law. A statistical version of this law for dry 3D foams has long been conjectured. A new derivation, based on a theorem by Minkowski, yields an explicit analytical von Neumann's law in 3D which is in very good agreement with detailed simulations and experiments. The average growth rate of a bubble with F faces is shown to be proportional to F{sup 1/2} for large F , in contrast to the conjectured linear dependence. Accounting for foam disorder in the model further improves the agreement with data.

  18. Boron-Metallated Borirenes and Bis(Borirenes).

    PubMed

    Braunschweig, Holger; Celik, Mehmet Ali; Dewhurst, Rian D; Ferkinghoff, Katharina; Radacki, Krzysztof; Weißenberger, Felix

    2016-06-13

    Heating the metalloborylene complex [{(η(5) -C5 Me5 )Fe(CO)2 }(μ-B){Cr(CO)5 }] with alkynes and diynes leads to the formation of B-metallated borirenes and a bis(B-metallated borirene) through formal transfer of the metalloborylene moiety [(η(5) -C5 Me5 )(OC)2 Fe(B:)]. By using this protocol, a range of B-metallated borirenes with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents are prepared, and these are studied spectroscopically, structurally, and computationally. The yellow-orange color of the complexes is additionally explained through time-dependent density functional theory calculations. PMID:27159272

  19. Emission behavior of trifluoromethyl bis-styrylbenzene derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mochizuki, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Yoriko; Sasaki, Fumio; Azumi, Reiko

    2016-02-01

    We measured detailed photophysical properties of 1,4-bis(4-trifluoromethylstyryl)benzene (3PV-CF3). 3PV-CF3 showed a high fluorescence quantum efficiency and a high radiative rate constant. Furthermore, we evaluated the emission behavior of 3PV-CF3 under excitation of femtosecond laser pulses. Microcrystals of 3PV-CF3 were prepared easily by spin-coating, and were confirmed for amplified spontaneous emission. It has a low threshold of 34 µJ cm-2.

  20. Bis-phenoxido and bis-acetato bridged heteronuclear {Co(III)Dy(III)} single molecule magnets with two slow relaxation branches.

    PubMed

    Hazra, Susanta; Titiš, Ján; Valigura, Dušan; Boča, Roman; Mohanta, Sasankasekhar

    2016-04-25

    Two bis-μ-phenoxido-bis-μ-acetato heterobimetallic {Co(III)Dy(III)} complexes and , formulated as [Co(III)Dy(III)L(μ-OAc)2(NO3)2] derived from the comparable hexadentate Schiff bases N,N'-ethylenebis(3-ethoxysalicylaldimine) and N,N'-ethylenebis(3-methoxysalicylaldimine) were synthesized and X-ray structure analysis confirms their nearly identical structures. These are the first examples of bis(μ-phenoxido)-bis(μ-carboxylato) {Co(III)Dy(III)} systems. The AC susceptibility measurements show that both complexes exhibit a field-induced slow magnetic relaxation with two relaxation branches. While the high-frequency process spans the usual range of the relaxation time for analogous single molecule magnets (τ0 ∼ 10(-7) s), the low-frequency branch is as slow as τ ∼ 0.1 s at T = 1.9 K and B = 0.2 T. PMID:27046444

  1. The IR spectra and hydrogen bonding of toluene-2,6-bis(methyl) and 4,4'-diphenylmethane-bis(methyl) carbamates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furer, V. L.

    2000-03-01

    The IR spectroscopy has been used to study models of polyurethanes containing different hard segments. The spectra of toluene-2,6-bis(methyl) and 4,4'-diphenylmethane-bis(methyl) carbamates at different temperatures were studied. The absorption curves of the free and associated carbamate molecules were compared with experimental IR spectra. The characteristic features of toluene-2,6-bis(methyl) carbamate and methyl- N-methyl carbamate clusters were revealed. The IR spectra for the two most stable toluene-2,6-bis(methyl) carbamate conformations were compared. The origin of the multiplet structure of bands in the experimental IR spectra of polyurethanes was discussed. The results obtained can be used for the analysis of the chemical and physical transformations in urethanes and polyurethanes.

  2. 40 CFR 721.10294 - Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. 721.10294 Section 721.10294 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10294 Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. (a) Chemical... cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl- (PMN P-11-580; CAS No. 163119-16-2) is subject to...

  3. 40 CFR 721.10294 - Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. 721.10294 Section 721.10294 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10294 Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. (a) Chemical... cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl- (PMN P-11-580; CAS No. 163119-16-2) is subject to...

  4. 40 CFR 721.10294 - Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. 721.10294 Section 721.10294 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10294 Cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl-. (a) Chemical... cyclohexanol, 2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl- (PMN P-11-580; CAS No. 163119-16-2) is subject to...

  5. Comparison of non-electrophoresis grade with electrophoresis grade BIS in NIPAM polymer gel preparation

    PubMed Central

    Khodadadi, Roghayeh; Khajeali, Azim; Farajollahi, Ali Reza; Hajalioghli, Parisa; Raeisi, Noorallah

    2015-01-01

    Introduction:The main objective of this study was to investigate the possibility of replacing electrophoresis cross-linker with non-electrophoresis N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS) in N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM) polymer gel and its possible effect on dose response. Methods: NIPAM polymer gel was prepared from non-electrophoresis grade BIS and the relaxation rate (R2) was measured by MR imaging after exposing the gel to gamma radiation from Co-60 source. To compare the response of this gel with the one that contains electrophoresis grade BIS, two sets of NIPAM gel were prepared using electrophoresis and non-electrophoresis BIS and irradiated to different gamma doses. Results: It was found that the dose–response of NIPAM gel made from the non-electrophoresis grade BIS is coincident with that of electrophoresis grade BIS. Conclusion:Taken all, it can be concluded that the non-electrophoresis grade BIS not only is a suitable alternative for the electrophoresis grade BIS but also reduces the cost of gel due to its lower price. PMID:26457250

  6. 40 CFR 721.10143 - Amines, bis (C11-14-branched and linear alkyl).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... linear alkyl). 721.10143 Section 721.10143 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10143 Amines, bis (C11-14-branched and linear alkyl). (a) Chemical..., bis (C11-14-branched and linear alkyl) (PMN P-06-733; CAS No. 900169-60-0) is subject to...

  7. 40 CFR 721.10666 - Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(fattyalkyl) dimethyl, salts with tannins (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10666 Quaternary ammonium compounds... compounds, bis(fattyalkyl) dimethyl, salts with tannins (PMN P-12-437) is subject to reporting under...

  8. 40 CFR 721.10666 - Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis(fattyalkyl) dimethyl, salts with tannins (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Quaternary ammonium compounds, bis... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10666 Quaternary ammonium compounds... compounds, bis(fattyalkyl) dimethyl, salts with tannins (PMN P-12-437) is subject to reporting under...

  9. 40 CFR 721.10260 - Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10260 Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene,...

  10. 40 CFR 721.10260 - Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10260 Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene,...

  11. 40 CFR 721.10260 - Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10260 Benzene, 1,3-bis(1-chloro-1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as benzene,...

  12. Asymmetric ligand-exchange reaction of biphenol derivatives and chiral bis(oxazolinyl)phenyl-rhodium complex.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Hiroko; Ito, Jun-ichi; Kikuchi, Makoto; Nishiyama, Hisao

    2008-09-01

    Chiral bis(oxazolinyl)phenyl-rhodium acetate complex can enantioselectively capture 1,1'-binaphthol derivatives by ligand-exchange reaction. The structure of the bis(oxazolinyl)phenyl-rhodium biphenol and binaphthol complexes were confirmed by X-ray analysis. PMID:18496824

  13. Water sorption of CH3- and CF3-Bis-GMA based resins with additives

    PubMed Central

    PRAKKI, Anuradha; CILLI, Renato; VIEIRA, Ian Matos; DUDUMAS, Kristina; PEREIRA, José Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the effect of additives on the water sorption characteristics of Bis-GMA based copolymers and composites containing TEGDMA, CH3Bis-GMA or CF3Bis-GMA. Material and methods Fifteen experimental copolymers and corresponding composites were prepared combining Bis-GMA and TEGDMA, CH3Bis-GMA or CF3Bis-GMA, with aldehyde or diketone (24 and 32 mol%) totaling 30 groups. For composites, barium aluminosilicate glass and pyrogenic silica was added to comonomer mixtures. Photopolymerization was effected by 0.2 wt% each of camphorquinone and N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine. Specimen densities in dry and water saturated conditions were obtained by Archimedes' method. Water sorption and desorption were evaluated in a desorption-sorption-desorption cycle. Water uptake (%WU), water desorption (%WD), equilibrium solubility (ES; µg/mm3), swelling (f) and volume increase (%V) were calculated using appropriate equations. Results All resins with additives had increased %WU and ES. TEGDMA-containing systems presented higher %WU, %WD, ES, f and %V values, followed by resins based on CH3Bis-GMA and CF3Bis-GMA. Conclusions Aldehyde and diketone led to increases in the water sorption characteristics of experimental resins. PMID:23032211

  14. 40 CFR 721.10411 - Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (generic) (P-07-537). 721.10411 Section 721.10411 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10411 Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537). (a... generically as alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (PMN P-07-537) is subject to reporting under this...

  15. 40 CFR 721.10411 - Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (generic) (P-07-537). 721.10411 Section 721.10411 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10411 Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537). (a... generically as alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (PMN P-07-537) is subject to reporting under this...

  16. 40 CFR 721.10411 - Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (generic) (P-07-537). 721.10411 Section 721.10411 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10411 Alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (generic) (P-07-537). (a... generically as alkanenitrile, bis(cyanoalkyl)amino (PMN P-07-537) is subject to reporting under this...

  17. 40 CFR 721.10049 - Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- cyclohexylidene bis[2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10049 Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as a...

  18. 40 CFR 721.10049 - Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- cyclohexylidene bis[2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10049 Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as a...

  19. 40 CFR 721.10049 - Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- cyclohexylidene bis[2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10049 Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as a...

  20. 40 CFR 721.10049 - Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- cyclohexylidene bis[2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10049 Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as a...

  1. 40 CFR 721.10049 - Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Phenol, 4,4â²- cyclohexylidene bis[2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10049 Phenol, 4,4′- cyclohexylidene bis[2-methyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as a...

  2. Conformationally assisted lactamizations for the synthesis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical bis-2,5-diketopiperazines.

    PubMed

    Ha, Khanh; Lebedyeva, Iryna; Li, Zhiliang; Martin, Kristin; Williams, Byron; Faby, Eric; Nasajpour, Amir; Pillai, Girinath G; Al-Youbi, Abdulrahman O; Katritzky, Alan R

    2013-09-01

    Open-chain N-Cbz-protected-peptidoyl benzotriazolides are converted by a novel lactamization strategy using proline as a turn introducer into both symmetrical (5a-c and 11a-c) and unsymmetrical (19a-e) bis-2,5-diketopiperazines (bis-2,5-DKPs), previously recognized as difficult targets. PMID:23895184

  3. 40 CFR 721.10165 - Carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...(phenylmethyl) ester. 721.10165 Section 721.10165 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10165 Carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester. (a) Chemical... carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester (PMN P-08-138; CAS No.26504-29-0) is subject to reporting under...

  4. 40 CFR 721.1577 - 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis [4-(ethenyloxy) butyl] ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ester. 721.1577 Section 721.1577 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1577 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis ester. (a) Chemical substance and... acid, bis ester (PMN P-98-1163; CAS No. 117397-31-6) is subject to reporting under this section for...

  5. 40 CFR 721.1577 - 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis [4-(ethenyloxy) butyl] ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ester. 721.1577 Section 721.1577 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1577 1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis ester. (a) Chemical substance and... acid, bis ester (PMN P-98-1163; CAS No. 117397-31-6) is subject to reporting under this section for...

  6. 40 CFR 721.10165 - Carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...(phenylmethyl) ester. 721.10165 Section 721.10165 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10165 Carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester. (a) Chemical... carbonotrithioic acid, bis(phenylmethyl) ester (PMN P-08-138; CAS No.26504-29-0) is subject to reporting under...

  7. 40 CFR 721.9790 - Benzenesulfonic acid, 2,2′-(1,2-ethenediyl)bis[5-[[4-[bis(2-hydroxypropyl) amino]- 6-[(3...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-ethenediyl)bis - 6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-, disodium salt, compd. with 2,2â²,2â³-nitrilo-tris (1:2); Benzenesulfonic acid, 5- -6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2- -6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2-sulfophenyl]ethenyl...-ethenediyl)bis - 6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-, disodium salt, compd. with......

  8. 40 CFR 721.9790 - Benzenesulfonic acid, 2,2′-(1,2-ethenediyl)bis[5-[[4-[bis(2-hydroxypropyl) amino]- 6-[(3...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-ethenediyl)bis - 6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-, disodium salt, compd. with 2,2â²,2â³-nitrilo-tris (1:2); Benzenesulfonic acid, 5- -6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2- -6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2-sulfophenyl]ethenyl...-ethenediyl)bis - 6- -1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-, disodium salt, compd. with......

  9. Recognition of steric factor in external association of xanthenocrown-5 and bis-napthalenocrown-6 with bis(benzimidazolium)propane borontetrafluoride

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karmakar, Animesh; Kundu, Kshama; Ghosh, Sabari; Mukhopadhyay, Chhanda; Nayak, Sandip K.; Chaudhuri, Tandrima

    2016-04-01

    This is the first report of charge transfer band for crown-axel H-bonding interaction in acetonitrile medium. Monte Carlo simulation established external association of small cavity crown with BBIM-propane dication axels. Resonance energy, binding constant and ratiometric detection of association of xanthenocrown-5 (1) and bis-napthalenocrown-6 (2) with bis-(benzimidazolium)propane borontetrafluoride (3a-3d) in acetonitrile determined the effect of steric factor towards association.

  10. Anreicherung von Webinhalten mit Semantik - Microformats und RDFa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hausenblas, Michael

    Semantik in Webinhalten wird heftig diskutiert. Teilweise wird es auch schon praktiziert. Dieser Beitrag geht auf semantisches HTML, Microformats und RDFa näher ein und zeigt anhand von praktischen Beispielen, wie und wo diese verwendet werden können.

  11. Wernher von Braun: Reflections on His Contributions to Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goldman, Arthur E.

    2012-01-01

    In 1950, Dr. Wernher von Braun and approximately 100 of his team members came to Huntsville, Alabama, to begin work with the Army on what would later become America's historic space program. He would later serve as the first director of the Marshall Space Flight Center and led the development of the Saturn V launch vehicle that launched seven crewed American mission to the moon, as well as America s first space station, Skylab. Von Braun is best known for his team s technical achievements. He realized his dream of exploring outer space by helping place humans on the moon. His engineering and managerial talent during the Apollo era had contributed to a technological revolution. He was by all accounts a good engineer, but he was only one among many. What set Von Braun apart were his charisma, his vision, and his leadership skills. He inspired loyalty and dedication in the people around him. He understood the importance of communicating his vision to his team, to political and business leaders and the public. Today, the Marshall Center continues his vision by pursuing engineering and scientific projects that will continue to open space to exploration. This presentation will discuss Von Braun's impact on Huntsville, the Marshall Center, the nation and the world and look at his contributions in context of where world space exploration is today.

  12. Von Kármán between Aachen and Pasadena

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krause, Egon; Kalkmann, Ulrich

    2013-05-01

    In the Introduction the reader is referred back to the academic ceremonials held after Theodore von Kármán's death in Aachen in May 1963. His work as the first director of the Aerodynamisches Institut (Institute of Aerodynamics) of the RWTH Aachen University of Technology from 1913 on and his initiative to re-establish international cooperation after World War I, resulting in the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), are commented on. The following chapter describes von Kármán's relation to his former teacher Ludwig Prandtl. Some of von Kármán's scientific contributions during his time in Aachen are briefly reviewed. Thereafter, his first contacts to the California Institute of Technology are covered. Finally, the scientific and political circumstances, which led to von Kármán's decision to leave Germany in the early thirties, are elucidated in some detail. The English translation of the titles of the Aachen papers is given in Appendix I.

  13. F.X. von Zach and the Fifth Continent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brosche, Peter

    2007-07-01

    In his journals which were devoted mainly to astronomy, Franz Xaver von Zach also presented geographical and geodetic information about Australia. Initially these accounts were in German, but towards the end of his life he wrote them in French for a more general audience.

  14. Dr. Wernher Von Braun with Congressman Gerald R. fod

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    On a visit to the Marshall Space Flight Center in April, 1964, Congressman Gerald R. Ford, Jr. Republican of Michigan, was warmly greeted by Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Marshall Space Flight Center director. Ford, along with two other congressmen, visited the center for a briefing on the Saturn program and for a tour of the facilities.

  15. Dr. Wernher Von Braun near the mobile launcher.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Dr. George Mueller, NASA associate administrator for manned space flight, and Dr. Wernher Von Braun (right), director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, are seen near the mobile launcher carrying a 363 foot tall Saturn V space launch vehicle as the rocket is rolled from the vehicle assembly building at KSC for its three mile trip to the launch pad.

  16. Wilhelm von Humboldt's Idea of "Bildung" and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stubbs, Elsina

    The importance of Wilhelm von Humboldt's work in educational philosophy is little known outside of Germany and even there he is more often criticized than praised. This is unfortunate because his contributions to education and other areas had an important impact on other philosophers of his period and are well worth considering today. In his main…

  17. Ernst von Glasersfeld's Radical Constructivism and Truth as Disclosure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joldersma, Clarence W.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Clarence Joldersma explores radical constructivism through the work of its most well-known advocate, Ernst von Glasersfeld, who combines a sophisticated philosophical discussion of knowledge and truth with educational practices. Joldersma uses Joseph Rouse's work in philosophy of science to criticize the antirealism inherent in…

  18. Anaesthesia in Von Gierke's disease. Current approach to management.

    PubMed

    Bevan, J C

    1980-07-01

    A case report of a patient with Von Gierke's (glycogen storage disease Cori type (1)1 disease who required femoral osteotomy is presented. Current techniques of management of this condition which are likely to improve the outcome of general anaesthesia and surgery are discussed. PMID:6933867

  19. Dr. von Braun Touring the Johnson Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1964-01-01

    This photograph is dated October 14, 1964, and shows Dr. von Braun, left, during a tour of the NASA Marned Spacecraft Center, now the Johnson Space Center. He is with Dr. J.P. Kuettner, center, from the Marshall Space Flight Center, and Warren J. North from the Manned Spacecraft Center.

  20. Systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by acquired von Willebrand's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Hong, Sc; Lee, Jh; Chi, Hs; Lee, Ck; Nah, Ss; Kim, Yg; Oh, Js; Moon, Hb; Yoo, B

    2008-09-01

    Haematological abnormalities are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In some cases of acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AvWS), von Willebrand disease (vWD) is associated with autoimmune or lymphoproliferative disorders. In this study, we describe a 36-year-old woman with SLE and AvWS. The patient was referred to our hospital because of easy bruisability and recurrent vaginal bleeding. She had no history of bleeding tendency and no family history of bleeding diathesis, but she had a history of recurrent arthralgia, photosensitivity and sicca symptoms. Tests for antinuclear, anti-double stranded DNA, anticardiolipin and anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies were all positive. Analysis of haemostatic parameters showed complete absence of von Willebrand factor ristocetin cofactor (vWF:Rco), von Willebrand antigen (vWF:Ag) and ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation (RIPA). Electrophoretic analysis of plasma showed a complete absence of high-molecular weight vWF multimer. The presence of antibody to vWF was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Treatment with corticosteroids improved SLE symptoms and corrected bleeding diasthesis. Also, the multimeric patterns of vWF became normalised and anti-vWF antibody disappeared. These findings indicated that this patient had SLE associated with AvWS, which was ameliorated by corticosteroid treatment. PMID:18755868

  1. Dr. von Braun, Mayor Searcy, and General Medaris

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1959-01-01

    Dr. Wernher von Braun, Director of the U.S. Army Ballistic Missile Agency's (ABMA) Development Operations Division, talks to Huntsville Mayor R. B. 'Speck' Searcy, center, and Army Ordnance Missile Command (ARMC) Major General John B. Medaris, right, during 'Moon Day' celebrations in downtown Huntsville, Alabama. (Courtesy of Huntsville/Madison County Public Library)

  2. Dr. von Braun with Governor Wallace and NASA Administrator Webb

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    Governor of Alabama George Wallace (left), NASA Administrator James Webb and Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Dr. von Braun during a tour of MSFC on June 8, 1965. Governor Wallace and Dr. Webb were at MSFC to witness the first test firing of a Saturn V Booster, along with members of the Alabama legislature and press reporters.

  3. Dr. von Braun, Governor Wallace and NASA Administrator Webb

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1965-01-01

    In this photograph are Alabama Governor George Wallace (left), Marshall Space Flight Center Dr. Wernher von Braun (Center) and NASA Administrator James Webb (right). Governor Wallace and Dr. Webb were at MSFC to witness the first test firing of a Saturn V Booster, along with members of the Alabama legislature and press reporters.

  4. Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on BiS2-Based Layered Superconductors: A Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jha, Rajveer; Awana, V. P. S.

    2016-04-01

    We report impact of hydrostatic pressure on the newly discovered BiS2 based superconductors. In last couple of years the new BiS2 based superconductor attracted great attention of the condensed matter physics community. These new layered BiS2-based compounds are very sensitive to the concentration of carriers doping and pressure that cause profound changes in their physical properties with appearance of superconductivity in the vicinity of their insulating/semiconducting state. The BiS2-based new compounds are expected to provide us with the next stage of exploring new superconductors and to discuss their exotic superconductivity mechanisms. In current review, we present most of our findings related to impact of hydrostatic pressure on superconductivity of new BiS2 based superconductors at one place.

  5. Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory and Laboratory Assessment of BIS and BAS in Children

    PubMed Central

    Colder, Craig R.; Trucco, Elisa M.; Lopez, Hector I.; Hawk, Larry W.; Read, Jennifer P.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Weiczorek, William F.; Eiden, Rina D.

    2011-01-01

    There is considerable interest in Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory. However, few measures of the behavioral approach (BAS) and inhibition systems (BIS) exist for children. Moreover, the theory was substantially revised a decade ago and measurement instruments are still largely based on the old theory. Our aim was to revise questionnaire and laboratory assessments of BIS and BAS for children. Performance on the Point Scoring Reaction Time Task for Children Revised (PSRTT-CR) conformed to theoretical expectations. Caregiver reports of BIS and BAS were associated with corresponding PSRTT-CR indices, suggesting cross-method convergent and discriminant validity. There was convergence with physiological correlates of BAS, but not physiological correlates of BIS. Overall, our revised measures represent promising instruments of children’s BIS and BAS. PMID:21603055

  6. Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory and Laboratory Assessment of BIS and BAS in Children.

    PubMed

    Colder, Craig R; Trucco, Elisa M; Lopez, Hector I; Hawk, Larry W; Read, Jennifer P; Lengua, Liliana J; Weiczorek, William F; Eiden, Rina D

    2011-04-01

    There is considerable interest in Gray's reinforcement sensitivity theory. However, few measures of the behavioral approach (BAS) and inhibition systems (BIS) exist for children. Moreover, the theory was substantially revised a decade ago and measurement instruments are still largely based on the old theory. Our aim was to revise questionnaire and laboratory assessments of BIS and BAS for children. Performance on the Point Scoring Reaction Time Task for Children Revised (PSRTT-CR) conformed to theoretical expectations. Caregiver reports of BIS and BAS were associated with corresponding PSRTT-CR indices, suggesting cross-method convergent and discriminant validity. There was convergence with physiological correlates of BAS, but not physiological correlates of BIS. Overall, our revised measures represent promising instruments of children's BIS and BAS. PMID:21603055

  7. Interrogating alkyl and arylalkylpolyamino (bis)urea and (bis)thiourea isosteres as potent antimalarial chemotypes against multiple lifecycle forms of Plasmodium falciparum parasites

    PubMed Central

    Verlinden, Bianca K.; de Beer, Marna; Pachaiyappan, Boobalan; Besaans, Ethan; Andayi, Warren A.; Reader, Janette; Niemand, Jandeli; van Biljon, Riette; Guy, Kiplin; Egan, Timothy; Woster, Patrick M.; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie

    2015-01-01

    A new series of potent potent aryl/alkylated (bis)urea- and (bis)thiourea polyamine analogues were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their antiplasmodial activity. Altering the carbon backbone and terminal substituents increased the potency of analogues in the compound library 3-fold, with the most active compounds, 15 and 16, showing half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) of 28 and 30 nM, respectively, against various Plasmodium falciparum parasite strains without any cross-resistance. In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxicity of these analogues revealed marked selectivity towards targeting malaria parasites compared to mammalian HepG2 cells (>5000-fold lower IC50 against the parasite). Preliminary biological evaluation of the polyamine analogue antiplasmodial phenotype revealed that (bis)urea compounds target parasite asexual proliferation, whereas (bis)thiourea compounds of the same series have the unique ability to block transmissible gametocyte forms of the parasite, indicating pluripharmacology against proliferative and non-proliferative forms of the parasite. In this manuscript, we describe these results and postulate a refined structure-activity relationship (SAR) model for antiplasmodial polyamine analogues. The terminally aryl/alkylated (bis)urea- and (bis)thiourea-polyamine analogues featuring a 3-5-3 or 3-6-3 carbon backbone represent a structurally novel and distinct class of potential antiplasmodials with activities in the low nanomolar range, and high selectivity against various lifecycle forms of P. falciparum parasites. PMID:25684422

  8. Interrogating alkyl and arylalkylpolyamino (bis)urea and (bis)thiourea isosteres as potent antimalarial chemotypes against multiple lifecycle forms of Plasmodium falciparum parasites.

    PubMed

    Verlinden, Bianca K; de Beer, Marna; Pachaiyappan, Boobalan; Besaans, Ethan; Andayi, Warren A; Reader, Janette; Niemand, Jandeli; van Biljon, Riette; Guy, Kiplin; Egan, Timothy; Woster, Patrick M; Birkholtz, Lyn-Marie

    2015-08-15

    A new series of potent potent aryl/alkylated (bis)urea- and (bis)thiourea polyamine analogues were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their antiplasmodial activity. Altering the carbon backbone and terminal substituents increased the potency of analogues in the compound library 3-fold, with the most active compounds, 15 and 16, showing half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) of 28 and 30 nM, respectively, against various Plasmodium falciparum parasite strains without any cross-resistance. In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxicity of these analogues revealed marked selectivity towards targeting malaria parasites compared to mammalian HepG2 cells (>5000-fold lower IC50 against the parasite). Preliminary biological evaluation of the polyamine analogue antiplasmodial phenotype revealed that (bis)urea compounds target parasite asexual proliferation, whereas (bis)thiourea compounds of the same series have the unique ability to block transmissible gametocyte forms of the parasite, indicating pluripharmacology against proliferative and non-proliferative forms of the parasite. In this manuscript, we describe these results and postulate a refined structure-activity relationship (SAR) model for antiplasmodial polyamine analogues. The terminally aryl/alkylated (bis)urea- and (bis)thiourea-polyamine analogues featuring a 3-5-3 or 3-6-3 carbon backbone represent a structurally novel and distinct class of potential antiplasmodials with activities in the low nanomolar range, and high selectivity against various lifecycle forms of P. falciparum parasites. PMID:25684422

  9. 40 CFR 721.5625 - Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′-[methylenebis(2-ethyl-4,1-phenylene)]bis[N-(oxiranylmethyl)]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Oxiranemethanamine, N,Nâ²- bis -. 721... Substances § 721.5625 Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis -. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis - (PMN...

  10. 40 CFR 721.5625 - Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′-[methylenebis(2-ethyl-4,1-phenylene)]bis[N-(oxiranylmethyl)]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Oxiranemethanamine, N,Nâ²- bis -. 721... Substances § 721.5625 Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis -. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis - (PMN...

  11. 40 CFR 721.5625 - Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′-[methylenebis(2-ethyl-4,1-phenylene)]bis[N-(oxiranylmethyl)]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Oxiranemethanamine, N,Nâ²- bis -. 721... Substances § 721.5625 Oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis -. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as oxiranemethanamine, N,N′- bis - (PMN...

  12. 40 CFR 721.9577 - Chromate(3-), bis[7-[(aminohydroxyphenyl)azo]-3-[[5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl] azo]-4...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2... Substances § 721.9577 Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene sulfonato (3-)]-,- azo]-4-hydroxy-7... significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as chromate(3-), bis -3-...

  13. 40 CFR 721.9577 - Chromate(3-), bis[7-[(aminohydroxyphenyl)azo]-3-[[5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl] azo]-4...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2... Substances § 721.9577 Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene sulfonato (3-)]-,- azo]-4-hydroxy-7... significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as chromate(3-), bis -3-...

  14. 40 CFR 721.9577 - Chromate(3-), bis[7-[(aminohydroxyphenyl)azo]-3-[[5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl] azo]-4...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2... Substances § 721.9577 Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene sulfonato (3-)]-,- azo]-4-hydroxy-7... significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as chromate(3-), bis -3-...

  15. 40 CFR 721.9577 - Chromate(3-), bis[7-[(aminohydroxyphenyl)azo]-3-[[5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl] azo]-4...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2... Substances § 721.9577 Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene sulfonato (3-)]-,- azo]-4-hydroxy-7... significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as chromate(3-), bis -3-...

  16. 40 CFR 721.9577 - Chromate(3-), bis[7-[(aminohydroxyphenyl)azo]-3-[[5-(aminosulfonyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl] azo]-4...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2... Substances § 721.9577 Chromate(3-), bis -3- azo]-4-hydroxy-2-naphthalene sulfonato (3-)]-,- azo]-4-hydroxy-7... significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as chromate(3-), bis -3-...

  17. BIS: What's It All About? A Manual for Committee Members of the ACRL Bibliographic Instruction Section. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

    This revised manual for committee members of the Association of Research Libraries' (ACRL) Bibliographic Instruction Section (BIS) is a guide to the organization, procedures, bylaws, and membership of the committee. Following an introduction and suggested ways to get involved with BIS, three sections describe the structure of the BIS, its…

  18. Bis(acesulfamato-kappa2N3,O4)bis(2-aminopyrimidine-kappaN1)copper(II).

    PubMed

    Bulut, Ahmet; Içbudak, Hasan; Sezer, Gözde; Kazak, Canan

    2005-05-01

    In the crystal structure of the title compound, bis(2-aminopyrimidine-kappaN1)bis[6-methyl-1,2,3-oxathiazin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide(1-)-kappa2N3,O4]copper(II), [Cu(C4H4NO4S)2(C4H5N3)2], the first mixed-ligand complex of acesulfame, the CuII centre resides on a centre of symmetry and has an octahedral geometry that is distorted both by the presence of four-membered chelate rings and by the Jahn-Teller effect. The equatorial plane is formed by the N atoms of two aminopyrimidine (ampym) ligands and by the weakly basic carbonyl O atoms of the acesulfamate ligands, while the more basic deprotonated N atoms of these ligands are in the elongated axial positions with a strong misdirected valence. The crystal is stabilized by pyrimidine ring stacking and by intermolecular hydrogen bonding involving the NH2 moiety of the ampym ligand and the carbonyl O atom of the acesulfamate moiety. PMID:15876705

  19. Tripotassium (bis­{[bis­(carboxyl­atometh­yl)amino]­meth­yl}phosphinato)cuprate(II) dihydrate

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Liyan; Zhang, Rui; Fan, Ping; Yu, Zhan; Zhang, Xiangdong

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, K3[Cu(C10H12N2O10P)]·2H2O, the CuII ion, one potassium cation and a P atom are situated on a twofold rotation axis. The CuII ion is coordinated by two N and four O atoms from one bis­{[bis­(carboxyl­atometh­yl)amino]­meth­yl}phosphinate ligand in a distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry. The two crystallographically independent potassium ions exhibit different coordination environments. The potassium ion in a general position is hepta­coordinated by five carboxyl­ate O atoms, one phosphinate O atom and one water mol­ecule [K—O = 2.718 (3)–3.040 (3) Å], and the potassium ion situated on the twofold rotation axis is hexa­coordinated by four carboxyl­ate O atoms and two water mol­ecules [K—O = 2.618 (3)–2.771 (3) Å]. The water mol­ecules are also involved in formation of inter­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:22259368

  20. Preparation and crystal structure of the 1,2-dimethoxyethane complex of bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amido]dichlorouranium(IV)

    SciTech Connect

    McCullough, Laughlin G.; Turner, Howard W.; Andersen, Richard A.; Zalkin, Allan.; Templeton, David H.

    1981-09-01

    The complex [(Me3Si)2N]2UCl2(1,2-dimethoxyethane) has been prepared for this study from uranium tetrachloride and two molar equivalents of sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in 1,2-dimethoxyethane. It may also be prepared from uranium tetrachloride and two molar equivalents of sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in tetrahydrofuran followed by addition of 1,2-dimethyoxyethane. The green pentane-soluble complex crystallizes in space group Pbca with cell dimensions a = 15.207(4) Å, b= 12.021(3) Å, and c = 33.429(9) Å, Z = 8, and dx = 1.57 g cm-3. The uranium atom, which has approximate C2 symmetry, is coordinated to two nitrogen atoms from the amide groups, two oxygen atoms from the dimethoxyethane group, and two chlorine atoms. Lastly, the average U-N, U-O, and U-Cl distances are 2.23, 2.59, and 2.64 Å, respectively.

  1. Di-mu-hydroxido-bis{[bis(6-methyl-2-pyridylmethyl)(2-phenylethyl)amine-kappa(3)N',N'',N''']copper(II)} bis(perchlorate).

    PubMed

    García, Ana María; Manzur, Jorge; Vega, Andrés

    2007-07-01

    The title compund, [Cu(2)(OH)(2)(C(22)H(25)N(3))(2)](ClO(4))(2), is a copper(II) dimer, with two [CuL](2+) units [L is bis(6-methyl-2-pyridylmethyl)(2-phenylethyl)amine] bridged by hydroxide groups to define the {[CuL](mu-OH)(2)[CuL]}(2+) cation. Charge balance is provided by perchlorate counter-anions. The cation has a crystallographic inversion centre halfway between the Cu(II) ions, which are separated by 3.0161 (8) Angstrom. The central core of the cation is an almost regular Cu(2)O(2) parallelogram of sides 1.931 (2) and 1.935 (2) Angstrom, with a Cu-O-Cu angle of 102.55 (11) degrees . The coordination geometry around each Cu(II) centre can be best described as a square-based pyramid, with three N atoms from L ligands and two hydroxide O atoms completing the coordination environment. Each cationic unit is hydrogen bonded to two perchlorate anions by means of hydroxide-perchlorate O-H...O interactions. PMID:17609560

  2. Synthesis, X-Ray Structure, and Characterization of Catena-bis(benzoate)bis{N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycinate}cadmium(II)

    PubMed Central

    Katsoulakou, Eugenia; Konidaris, Konstantis F.; Raptopoulou, Catherine P.; Psyharis, Vassilis; Manessi-Zoupa, Evy; Perlepes, Spyros P.

    2010-01-01

    The reaction of N, N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine (bicine; bicH3) with Cd(O2CPh)2 · 2H2O in MeOH yielded the polymeric compound [Cd2(O2CPh)2(bicH2)2]n(1). The complex crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P41212. The lattice constants are a = b = 12.737(5) and c = 18.288(7) Å. The compound contains chains of repeating {Cd2(O2CPh)2(bicH2)2} units. One CdII atom is coordinated by two carboxylate oxygen, four hydroxyl oxygen, and two nitrogen atoms from two symmetry-related 2.21111 (Harris notation) bicH2− ligands. The other CdII atom is coordinated by six carboxylate oxygen atoms, four from two bicH2− ligands and two from the monodentate benzoate groups. Each bicinate(-1) ligand chelates the 8-coordinate, square antiprismatic CdII atom through one carboxylate oxygen, the nitrogen, and both hydroxyl oxygen atoms and bridges the second, six-coordinate trigonal prismatic CdII center through its carboxylate oxygen atoms. Compound 1 is the first structurally characterized cadmium(II) complex containing any anionic form of bicine as ligand. IR data of 1 are discussed in terms of the coordination modes of the ligands and the known structure. PMID:20976297

  3. Synthesis, X-Ray Structure, and Characterization of Catena-bis(benzoate)bis{N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycinate}cadmium(II).

    PubMed

    Katsoulakou, Eugenia; Konidaris, Konstantis F; Raptopoulou, Catherine P; Psyharis, Vassilis; Manessi-Zoupa, Evy; Perlepes, Spyros P

    2010-01-01

    The reaction of N, N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)glycine (bicine; bicH(3)) with Cd(O(2)CPh)(2) · 2H(2)O in MeOH yielded the polymeric compound [Cd(2)(O(2)CPh)(2)(bicH(2))(2)](n)(1). The complex crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P4(1)2(1)2. The lattice constants are a = b = 12.737(5) and c = 18.288(7) Å. The compound contains chains of repeating {Cd(2)(O(2)CPh)(2)(bicH(2))(2)} units. One Cd(II) atom is coordinated by two carboxylate oxygen, four hydroxyl oxygen, and two nitrogen atoms from two symmetry-related 2.21111 (Harris notation) bicH(2) (-) ligands. The other Cd(II) atom is coordinated by six carboxylate oxygen atoms, four from two bicH(2) (-) ligands and two from the monodentate benzoate groups. Each bicinate(-1) ligand chelates the 8-coordinate, square antiprismatic Cd(II) atom through one carboxylate oxygen, the nitrogen, and both hydroxyl oxygen atoms and bridges the second, six-coordinate trigonal prismatic Cd(II) center through its carboxylate oxygen atoms. Compound 1 is the first structurally characterized cadmium(II) complex containing any anionic form of bicine as ligand. IR data of 1 are discussed in terms of the coordination modes of the ligands and the known structure. PMID:20976297

  4. Neuroprotective effects of bis(7)-tacrine against glutamate-induced retinal ganglion cells damage

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity, primarily through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, may be an important cause of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) death in glaucoma and several other retinal diseases. Bis(7)-tacrine is a noncompetitive NMDA receptors antagonist that can prevent glutamate-induced hippocampal neurons damage. We tested the effects of bis(7)-tacrine against glutamate-induced rat RGCs damage in vitro and in vivo. Results In cultured neonatal rats RGCs, the MTT assay showed that glutamate induced a concentration- and time-dependent toxicity. Bis(7)-tacrine and memantine prevented glutamate-induced cell death in a concentration-dependent manner with IC50 values of 0.028 μM and 0.834 μM, respectively. The anti-apoptosis effects of bis(7)-tacrine were confirmed by annexin V-FITC/PI staining. In vivo, TUNEL analysis and retrograde labeling analysis found that pretreatment with bis(7)-tacrine(0.2 mg/kg) induced a significant neuroprotective effect against glutamate-induced RGCs damage. Conclusions Our results showed that bis(7)-tacrine had neuroprotective effects against glutamate-induced RGCs damage in vitro and in vivo, possibly through the drug's anti-NMDA receptor effects. These findings make bis(7)-tacrine potentially useful for treating a variety of ischemic or traumatic retinopathies inclusive of glaucoma. PMID:20199668

  5. Validity and Reliability of the Abbreviated Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in Spanish (BIS-15S)*

    PubMed Central

    Orozco-Cabal, Luis; Rodríguez, Maritza; Herin, David V.; Gempeler, Juanita; Uribe, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Objective This study determined the validity and reliability of a new, abbreviated version of the Spanish Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15S) in Colombian subjects. Method The BIS-15S was tested in non-clinical (n=283) and clinical (n=164) native Spanish-speakers. Intra-scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach’s α, and test-retest reliability was measured with Pearson correlations. Psychometric properties were determined using standard statistics. A factor analysis was performed to determine BIS-15S factor structure. Results 447 subjects participated in the study. Clinical subjects were older and more educated compared to non-clinical subjects. Impulsivity scores were normally distributed in each group. BIS-15S total, motor, non-planning and attention scores were significantly lower in non-clinical vs. clinical subjects. Subjects with substance-related disorders had the highest BIS-15S total scores, followed by subjects with bipolar disorders and bulimia nervosa/binge eating. Internal consistency was 0.793 and test-retest reliability was 0.80. Factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure (attention, motor, non-planning) accounting for 47.87% of the total variance in BIS-15S total scores. Conclusions The BIS-15S is a valid and reliable self-report measure of impulsivity in this population. Further research is needed to determine additional components of impulsivity not investigated by this measure. PMID:21152412

  6. Bis-sesquiterpene from the Marine Sponge Dysidea fragilis.

    PubMed

    Kiem, Phan Van; Nhiem, Nguyen Xuan; Tai, Bui Huu; Anh, Hoang Le Tuan; Hang, Dan Thi Thuy; Cuc, Nguyen Thi; Huyen, Le Thi; Nam, Nguyen Hoai; Yen, Pham Hai; Thung, Do Cong; Minh, Chau Van

    2016-04-01

    Two new sesquiterpenes and one new bis-sesquiterpene, named dysinidins C-E (1-3) along with three known sterols, dysideasterol F, 9α,l lα-epoxycholest-7-en-3β,5α,6α-triol, and 9α,11α-epoxycholest-7-en-3β,5α,6α,19-tetrol 6-acetate (4-6) were isolated from the Vietnamese marine sponge Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814). Their structures were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopies and HR-ESI-MS, as well as by comparison with reported literature data. Compounds 4-6 were found to inhibit eight human cancer cell lines (KB, LU-1, HL-60, LNCaP, SK-Mel-2, HepG-2, MCF-7, and PC-3), with IC50 values ranging from 7.3 to 31.5 µM. PMID:27396186

  7. Ultrathin polycrystalline 6,13-Bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)-pentacene films

    SciTech Connect

    Jung, Min-Cherl; Zhang, Dongrong; Nikiforov, Gueorgui O.; Lee, Michael V.; Qi, Yabing; Joo Shin, Tae; Ahn, Docheon; Lee, Han-Koo; Baik, Jaeyoon; Shin, Hyun-Joon

    2015-03-15

    Ultrathin (<6 nm) polycrystalline films of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene (TIPS-P) are deposited with a two-step spin-coating process. The influence of spin-coating conditions on morphology of the resulting film was examined by atomic force microscopy. Film thickness and RMS surface roughness were in the range of 4.0–6.1 and 0.6–1.1 nm, respectively, except for small holes. Polycrystalline structure was confirmed by grazing incidence x-ray diffraction measurements. Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure measurements suggested that the plane through aromatic rings of TIPS-P molecules was perpendicular to the substrate surface.

  8. Synthesis of Bis(hydroxylmethylfurfuryl)amine Monomers from 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural.

    PubMed

    Xu, Zhanwei; Yan, Peifang; Liu, Kairui; Wan, Lu; Xu, Wenjuan; Li, Huixiang; Liu, Xiumei; Zhang, Z Conrad

    2016-06-01

    We report the synthesis of bis(hydroxylmethylfurfuryl)amine (BHMFA) from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) by reacting 5-HMF with primary amines in the presence of homogeneous Ru(II) catalysts having sterically strained ligands. BHMFA is a group of furan-based monomers that offer great potential to form functional biopolymers with tunable properties. A range of primary amines, such as aliphatic and benzyl amines, are readily converted with 5-HMF to form the corresponding BHMFA in good yields. The reaction proceeds through reductive amination of 5-HMF with primary amine to form secondary amine, followed by reductive amination of 5-HMF with in situ generated secondary amine to produce BHMFA. PMID:27151257

  9. Macrocyclic bis(ureas) as ligands for anion complexation

    PubMed Central

    Kretschmer, Claudia; Dittmann, Gertrud

    2014-01-01

    Summary Two macrocyclic bis(ureas) 1 and 2, both based on diphenylurea, have been synthesized. Compound 1 represents the smaller ring with two ethynylene groups as linkers and 2 the larger ring with two butadiynylene groups. On thermal treatment to 130 °C molecule 1 splits up into two dihydroindoloquinolinone (3) molecules. Both compounds 1 and 2 form adducts with polar molecules such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and dimethylformamide (DMF) and act as complexing agents towards a series of anions (Cl−, Br−, I−, NO3 −, HSO4 −). The crystal structures of 3, 2·2DMSO, 2·2DMF, and of the complex NEt4[Br·2] have been determined. Quantitative investigations of the complexation equilibria were performed via 1H NMR titrations. While 1 is a rather weak complexing agent, the large ring of 2 binds anions with association constants up to log K = 7.93 for chloride ions. PMID:25161744

  10. Conformational Restriction of Peptides Using Dithiol Bis-Alkylation.

    PubMed

    Peraro, L; Siegert, T R; Kritzer, J A

    2016-01-01

    Macrocyclic peptides are highly promising as inhibitors of protein-protein interactions. While many bond-forming reactions can be used to make cyclic peptides, most have limitations that make this chemical space challenging to access. Recently, a variety of cysteine alkylation reactions have been used in rational design and library approaches for cyclic peptide discovery and development. We and others have found that this chemistry is versatile and robust enough to produce a large variety of conformationally constrained cyclic peptides. In this chapter, we describe applications, methods, mechanistic insights, and troubleshooting for dithiol bis-alkylation reactions for the production of cyclic peptides. This method for efficient solution-phase macrocyclization is highly useful for the rapid production and screening of loop-based inhibitors of protein-protein interactions. PMID:27586339

  11. In vitro microbiological evaluation of novel bis pyrazolones.

    PubMed

    Narayana Rao, D V; Raghavendra Guru Prasad, A; Spoorthy, Y N; Raghunatha Rao, D; Ravindranath, L K

    2014-03-01

    Two series of bis pyrazolones (one with 3-methyl substituent and the other one with 3-amino substituent on the pyrazolone ring) were synthesized by the cyclization reaction between various hydrazides with esters/cyano esters in ethanolic medium. Structures of newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by elemental analysis, IR, (1)H NMR and mass spectral data. These compounds were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities. The compounds of series 3 with amino substituent demonstrated better activity than the compounds of series 2 with methyl substituent on the pyrazolone ring. Compounds "e, f, c and d" showed higher antimicrobial activity than the compounds "b and a". The antimicrobial potentials of the synthesized compounds were compared with that of standards. PMID:24630311

  12. Symmetrical bis-tertiary amines as novel CXCR4 inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Bai, Renren; Liang, Zhongxing; Yoon, Younghyoun; Liu, Shuangping; Gaines, Theresa; Oum, Yoonhyeun; Shi, Qi; Mooring, Suazette Reid; Shim, Hyunsuk

    2016-08-01

    CXCR4 inhibitors are promising agents for the treatment of cancer metastasis and inflammation. A series of novel tertiary amine derivatives targeting CXCR4 were designed, synthesized, and evaluated. The central benzene ring linker and side chains were modified and optimized to study the structure-activity relationship. Seven compounds displayed much more potent activity than the reference drug, AMD3100, in both the binding affinity assay and the blocking of Matrigel invasion functional assay. These compounds exhibited effective concentration ranging from 1 to 100 nM in the binding affinity assay and inhibited invasion from 65.3% to 100% compared to AMD3100 at 100 nM. Compound IIn showed a 50% suppressive effect against carrageenan-induced paw inflammation in a mouse model, which was as effective as the peptidic antagonist, TN14003 (48%). These data demonstrate that symmetrical bis-tertiary amines are unique CXCR4 inhibitors with high potency. PMID:27179215

  13. Neuroprotective copper bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes promote neurite elongation.

    PubMed

    Bica, Laura; Liddell, Jeffrey R; Donnelly, Paul S; Duncan, Clare; Caragounis, Aphrodite; Volitakis, Irene; Paterson, Brett M; Cappai, Roberto; Grubman, Alexandra; Camakaris, James; Crouch, Peter J; White, Anthony R

    2014-01-01

    Abnormal biometal homeostasis is a central feature of many neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and motor neuron disease. Recent studies have shown that metal complexing compounds behaving as ionophores such as clioquinol and PBT2 have robust therapeutic activity in animal models of neurodegenerative disease; however, the mechanism of neuroprotective action remains unclear. These neuroprotective or neurogenerative processes may be related to the delivery or redistribution of biometals, such as copper and zinc, by metal ionophores. To investigate this further, we examined the effect of the bis(thiosemicarbazonato)-copper complex, Cu(II)(gtsm) on neuritogenesis and neurite elongation (neurogenerative outcomes) in PC12 neuronal-related cultures. We found that Cu(II)(gtsm) induced robust neurite elongation in PC12 cells when delivered at concentrations of 25 or 50 nM overnight. Analogous effects were observed with an alternative copper bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complex, Cu(II)(atsm), but at a higher concentration. Induction of neurite elongation by Cu(II)(gtsm) was restricted to neurites within the length range of 75-99 µm with a 2.3-fold increase in numbers of neurites in this length range with 50 nM Cu(II)(gtsm) treatment. The mechanism of neurogenerative action was investigated and revealed that Cu(II)(gtsm) inhibited cellular phosphatase activity. Treatment of cultures with 5 nM FK506 (calcineurin phosphatase inhibitor) resulted in analogous elongation of neurites compared to 50 nM Cu(II)(gtsm), suggesting a potential link between Cu(II)(gtsm)-mediated phosphatase inhibition and neurogenerative outcomes. PMID:24587210

  14. Design and Synthesis of Fsp(3)-Rich, Bis-Spirocyclic-Based Compound Libraries for Biological Screening.

    PubMed

    Stotani, Silvia; Lorenz, Christoph; Winkler, Matthias; Medda, Federico; Picazo, Edwige; Ortega Martinez, Raquel; Karawajczyk, Anna; Sanchez-Quesada, Jorge; Giordanetto, Fabrizio

    2016-06-13

    The exploration of innovative chemical space is a critical step in the early phases of drug discovery. Bis-spirocyclic frameworks occur in natural products and other biologically relevant metabolites and show attractive features, such as molecular compactness, structural complexity, and three-dimensional character. A concise approach to the synthesis of bis-spirocyclic-based compound libraries starting from readily available commercial reagents and robust chemical transformations has been developed. A number of novel bis-spirocyclic scaffold examples, as implemented in the European Lead Factory project, is presented. PMID:27163646

  15. Effect of three bis-pyridyl-bis-amide ligands with various spacers on the structural diversity of new multifunctional cobalt(II) coordination polymers

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Hong-Yan; Lu, Huizhe; Le, Mao; Luan, Jian; Wang, Xiu-Li; Liu, Guocheng; Zhang, Juwen

    2015-03-15

    Three new cobalt(II) coordination polymers [Co{sub 2}(1,4-NDC){sub 2}(3-bpye)(H{sub 2}O)] (1), [Co(1,4-NDC)(3-bpfp)(H{sub 2}O)] (2) and [Co(1,4-NDC)(3-bpcb)] (3) [3-bpye=N,N′-bis(3-pyridinecarboxamide)-1,2-ethane, 3-bpfp=bis(3-pyridylformyl)piperazine, 3-bpcb=N,N′-bis(3-pyridinecarboxamide)-1,4-benzene, and 1,4-H{sub 2}NDC=1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid] have been hydrothermally synthesized. The structures of complexes 1–3 have been determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction analyses and further characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). Complex 1 is a 3D coordination structure with 8-connected (4{sup 20}.6{sup 8}) topology constructed from 3D [Co{sub 2}(1,4-NDC){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} framework and bidentate 3-bpye ligands. Complex 2 shows 1D “cage+cage”-like chain formed by 1D [Co{sub 2}(1,4-NDC){sub 2}]{sub n} ribbon chains and [Co{sub 2}(3-bpfp){sub 2}] loops, which are further linked by hydrogen bonding interactions to form a 3D supramolecular network. Complex 3 displays a 3D coordination network with a 6-connected (4{sup 12}.6{sup 3}) topology based on 2D [Co{sub 2}(1,4-NDC){sub 2}]{sub n} layers and bidentate 3-bpcb bridging ligands. The influences of different bis-pyridyl-bis-amide ligands with various spacers on the structures of title complexes are studied. Moreover, the fluorescent properties, electrochemical behaviors and magnetic properties of complexes 1–3 have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Three multifunctional cobalt(II) complexes constructed from three bis-pyridyl-bis-amide and 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid have been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized. The fluorescent, electrochemical and magnetic properties of 1–3 have been investigated. - Highlights: • Three multifunctional cobalt(II) complexes based on various bis-pyridyl-bis-amide ligands. • Complex 1 is a 3D coordination structure with 8-connected (4{sup 20}.6{sup 8

  16. Mechanistic Diversity in the RuBisCO Superfamily: RuBisCO from Rhodospirillum rubrum is Not Promiscuous for Reactions Catalyzed by RuBisCO-Like Proteins (RLPs)†

    PubMed Central

    Warlick, Benjamin P. E.; Imker, Heidi J.; Sriram, Jaya; Tabita, F. Robert; Gerlt, John A.

    2012-01-01

    D-Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenases (RuBisCOs) are promiscuous, catalyzing not only carboxylation and oxygenation of D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate but also other promiscuous, presumably nonphysiological, reactions initiated by abstraction of the 3-proton of D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate. Also, RuBisCO has homologues that do not catalyze carboxylation; these are designated RuBisCO-like proteins or RLPs. Members of the two families of RLPs catalyze reactions in the recycling of 5′-methylthioadenosine (MTA) generated by polyamine synthesis: 1) the 2,3-diketo-5-methylthiopentane 1-phosphate (DK-MTP 1-P) “enolase” reaction in the well-known “methionine salvage” pathway in species of Bacilli; and 2) the 5-methylthio-D-ribulose 1-phosphate (MTRu 1-P) 1,3-isomerase reaction in the recently discovered “MTA-isoprenoid shunt” that generates 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) for nonmevalonate isoprene synthesis in Rhodospirillum rubrum. We first studied the structure and reactivity of DK-MTP 1-P which was reported to decompose rapidly [Ashida, H., Saito, Y., Kojima, C., and Yokota, A. (2008) Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 72, 959–67]. The 2-carbonyl group of DK-MTP 1-P is rapidly hydrated in solution and can undergo enolization both nonenzymatically and enzymatically via the small amount of unhydrated material that is present. We then examined the ability of RuBisCO from R. rubrum to catalyze both of the RLP-catalyzed reactions. Contrary to a previous report [Ashida, H., Saito, Y., Kojima, C., Kobayashi, K., Ogasawara, N., and Yokota, A. (2003) Science 302, 286–290], we were unable to confirm that this RuBisCO catalyzes the DK-MTP 1-P “enolase” reaction either in vitro or in vivo. We also determined that this RuBisCO does not catalyze the MTRu 1-P 1,3-isomerase reaction in vitro. Thus, although RuBisCOs can be functionally promiscuous, RuBisCO from R. rubrum is not promiscuous for either of the known RLP-catalyzed reactions. PMID:23110715

  17. Marshall-Stickler phenotype associated with von Willebrand disease

    SciTech Connect

    MacDonald, M.R.; Baker, K.S.; Schaefer, G.B.

    1997-01-20

    We report on 6 individuals from three different kindreds with Marshall-Stickler (MS) phenotype, with characteristic orofacial abnormalities, arthropathy, deafness, and eye findings, all of whom were discovered to have a mild bleeding diathesis and coagulation-study findings consistent with mild von Willebrand disease (vWD). MS syndrome has been linked in some cases to the type II procollagen gene (COL2A1) on chromosome 12q, and to the collagen XI gene (COL11A2) on chromosome 6. The von Willebrand factor (vWF) is encoded by a 180-Kb gene located on the short arm of chromosome 12. This is the first reported association of these two disorders. 26 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Hans von Haberer: a forgotten pioneer in vascular surgery.

    PubMed

    Mönig, S P; Walter, M; Erasmi, H; Pichlmaier, H

    1997-03-01

    After carrying out the first free vein graft transplantation on an aneurysm of the axillary vein by Lexer in 1907, many attempts were made to reconstruct arterial injuries with direct vascular suture technique or vein graft transplants during the Balkan War (1912) and the First World War (1914-1918). Hans von Haberer gained wide experience in the reconstructive surgery of traumatic aneurysms at the Department of Surgery at the University of Innsbruck. During this period, he operated on a total of 201 vascular aneurysms, mainly using a direct circular vascular suture technique. In 1914, von Haberer described the first reconstruction of a carotid aneurysm. First experiences with vein bypasses were made, but not pursued in the following years. PMID:9181777

  19. Water Experiments Related To The "Von Karman Sodium" Dynamo Project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marie, L.; Bourgoin, M.; Petrelis, F.; Roy, J.; Burguete, J.; Chiffaudel, A.; Daviaud, F.; Fauve, S.; Odier, P.; Pinton, J.-F.

    2002-07-01

    The purpose of the "Von Karman Sodium" (V.K.S.) experiment is to study the "Dynamo Effect," namely the spontaneous generation of magnetic field in a flow of electrically conducting fluid. The device has been built at CEA / Cadarache, in collaboration with CEA / Saclay, Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon and Ecole Normale Superieure de Paris. It consists of a cylindrical vessel, filled with liquid Sodium, in which two coaxial rotating disks induce a Von-Karman type flow. Several experimental runs have taken place since June 2000. In order to optimize the V.K.S. set-up, a half-scale water prototype has also been built. It has allowed us to measure mean velocity profiles, as well as pressure fluctuations and mechanical power dissipation. We have observed that under certain circumstances the mean component of the turbulent flow can undergo a global bifurcation.

  20. Lipid storage myopathy in von Gierke's disease: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yamaguchi, K; Santa, T; Inoue, K; Omae, T

    1978-09-01

    An 18-year-old girl with von Gierke's disease associated with a lipid storage myopathy is reported. The diagnosis of von Gierke's disease was made from decreased activity in glucose-6-phosphatase in the jejunal biopsy specimen. Neurologically she showed generalized hypotonia of the muscles, atrophy of bilateral proximal muscles of the lower extremities, weakness in neck flexors, deltoid and lumbar girdle muscles, and a positive Gower's sign. Muscle biopsy from flexor femoris muscle revealed fatty deposition in type 1 fibers and atrophy of type 2 fibers and the diagnosis of an accompanying lipid storage myopathy was made. This case also had a ventricular septal defect confirmed by right cardiac catheterization. PMID:213538

  1. Pathophysiology of acquired von Willebrand disease: a concise review.

    PubMed

    Shetty, Shrimati; Kasatkar, Priyanka; Ghosh, Kanjaksha

    2011-08-01

    Acquired von Willebrand disease (AVWD) is a rare, underdiagnosed hemorrhagic disorder, which is similar to congenital VWD with regard to the clinical and laboratory parameters; however, it is found in individuals with no positive family history and has no genetic basis. The etiology is varied, the commonest being hematoproliferative disorders and cardiovascular disorders. Other disorders associated with AVWD are autoimmune disorders such as systematic lupus erythematosus, hypothyroidism, and neoplasia, or it may also be drug induced. In quite a few cases, the etiology is unknown. The pathogenic mechanisms are different in different underlying disorders or they may be overlapping among these disorders. Some of the proposed mechanisms include the development of autoantibodies, selective absorption of high molecular weight von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers, non-selective absorption of VWF, mechanical destruction of VWF under high shear stress, and increased proteolysis. This report presents a concise review of the pathophysiological mechanisms of AVWD in these various underlying conditions. PMID:21535159

  2. The diagnosis and management of von Willebrand disease in Canada.

    PubMed

    James, Paula D; Lillicrap, David P

    2011-07-01

    In Canada, care for individuals with inherited bleeding disorders, including Von Willebrand disease, is provided by 26 tertiary care multidisciplinary Inherited Bleeding Disorders clinics geographically spread across the country. The Association of Hemophilia Clinic Directors of Canada, the Canadian Association of Nurses in Hemophilia Care, the Canadian Physiotherapists in Hemophilia Care, the Canadian Social Workers in Hemophilia Care, and the Canadian Hemophilia Society all collaborate to provide optimal management for patients with inherited bleeding disorders. The standards of care for these patients were explicitly laid out in a 2007 document published by the Canadian Hemophilia Standards Group (with representation from all of the groups just mentioned) entitled Canadian Comprehensive Care Standards for Hemophilia and Other Inherited Bleeding Disorders. Separate Canadian guidelines for the management of patients with Hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease also exist, focused on diagnosis, comprehensive care, assessment, and treatment. PMID:22102195

  3. catena-Poly[[[diaqua­cadmium(II)]-bis­[μ-3,5-bis­(isonicotinamido)benzoato

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Man-Sheng; Deng, Yi-Fang; Zhang, Chun-Hua; Kuang, Dai-Zhi

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, {[Cd(C19H13N4O4)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n or {[Cd(BBA)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n, where BBA is 3,5-bis­(iso­nicotin­amido)­benzoate, is isotypic with its Mn isologue [Chen et al. (2009 ▶). J. Coord. Chem. 62, 2421–2428]. The cation sits on a twofold axis and is six-coordinated in a slightly distorted octa­hedral geometry; the polyhedra are linked into zigzag chains, which are further connected by N—H⋯O, O—H⋯O and O—H⋯N hydrogen bonds as well as π–π inter­actions [centroid-centroid distance of 3.639 (2) Å], giving a three-dimensional supra­molecular framework. PMID:21587402

  4. FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS: John von Neumann

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monastyrskii, Mikhail I.

    2004-12-01

    This article is dedicated to John von Neumann, one of the most outstanding scholars of the 20th century. His life was short but bright, and his contribution to almost all branches of mathematics, as well as to physics, economics, biology, and astronomy was enormous. He constructed some of the first computers and he was among the key persons in the American atomic project. Development of his ideas will continue to play a vital part in various areas of pure and applied mathematics.

  5. ABO blood group and von Willebrand factor: biological implications.

    PubMed

    Franchini, Massimo; Crestani, Silvia; Frattini, Francesco; Sissa, Cinzia; Bonfanti, Carlo

    2014-09-01

    ABO blood group antigens are complex carbohydrate molecules expressed on the surface of red blood cells and a variety of human cells and tissues. It is well known that ABO blood type exerts a profound influence on hemostasis, being a major determinant of von Willebrand factor (VWF), and consequently factor VIII, plasma levels. In this review, we will focus on the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between ABO blood group and VWF in normal and pathological conditions. PMID:24945431

  6. Johann Baptist von Schweitzer: the queer Marx loved to hate.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, H

    1995-01-01

    Despite his conviction on a morals charge involving a boy, the early German Social Democrat Johann Baptist von Schweitzer went on to have a successful political career. His life furnishes the context to present remarks by his political opponents Marx and Engels, which reveal their deep-seated homophobia. It is pointed out that this has been glossed over by the translations of the recently published Marx/Engels Collected Works. Some remarks on boy-love and anarchism are appended. PMID:8666759

  7. Replacing energy by von Neumann entropy in quantum phase transitions

    SciTech Connect

    Kopp, Angela; Jia Xun; Chakravarty, Sudip . E-mail: sudip@physics.ucla.edu

    2007-06-15

    We propose that quantum phase transitions are generally accompanied by non-analyticities of the von Neumann (entanglement) entropy. In particular, the entropy is non-analytic at the Anderson transition, where it exhibits unusual fractal scaling. We also examine two dissipative quantum systems of considerable interest to the study of decoherence and find that non-analyticities occur if and only if the system undergoes a quantum phase transition.

  8. Baron von Zach's business relations with the Munich entrepreneur Joseph von Utzschneider (German Title: Geschäftsbeziehungen des Barons von Zach zu dem Münchner Unternehmer Joseph von Utzschneider)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, Ivo

    The relationship between the astronomer von Zach on the one side and the entrepreneur Joseph von Utzschneider and his partner Georg von Reichenbach on the other dates presumably from the year 1807 when Zach spent two months in Munich. Already in the same year Zach had ordered an instrument for himself and began to solicit business for the institute of Reichenbach, Utzschneider, and Liebherr, which was founded in 1804. One of the clients canvassed by Zach was the director of the observatory in Naples Zuccari. Zuccari had ordered the whole equipment for the new observatory from this institute in 1813. The instruments for Naples, which were completed in 1814, were sent accompanied by Reichenbach by land and sea to their destination where Reichenbach supervised their setup. At that time Reichenbach had separated from Utzschneider who kept the optical institute in Benediktbeuern with his new partner Joseph von Fraunhofer whereas Reichenbach became owner of the mathematical-mechanical institute in Munich. For personal and economical reasons Utzschneider began soon after to produce not only optical glass but also optical devices similar to those offered by Reichenbach. As soon as two institutes in Munich competed against each other on the market for sophisticated geodetical and astronomical instruments Zach sided with Utzschneider. Zach's main professional argument for this decision was that both competitors got the optical glass for their instruments from Utzschneider's optical institute in Benediktbeuern. This meant that Utzschneider had first choice and so the optical part of his instruments could be considered as better than that of Reichenbach`s instruments. Zach's role as an agent in Italy and France for the sale of products coming from Utzschneider's manufactories is highlighted by three of Zach's letters to Utzschneider from 1817 and 1818, two of which are reproduced here for the first time.

  9. Dr. Wernher Von Braun at the launch of Apollo 11.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    Mission officials relax, all smiles, a few moments after the successful launch of the Apollo 11 spacecraft by Saturn V vehicle AS-506. Relieved of the tension of waiting through the countdown are (left to right) Charles W. Matthews, NASA deputy associate administrator for manned space flight; Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Director of the Marshall Space Flight Center; Dr. George E. Meuller, NASA associate administrator for manned spaceflight, and Lt. General Samuel C. Phillips, director of the Apollo program.

  10. Interpolatability distinguishes LOCC from separable von Neumann measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Childs, Andrew M.; Leung, Debbie; Mančinska, Laura; Ozols, Maris

    2013-11-15

    Local operations with classical communication (LOCC) and separable operations are two classes of quantum operations that play key roles in the study of quantum entanglement. Separable operations are strictly more powerful than LOCC, but no simple explanation of this phenomenon is known. We show that, in the case of von Neumann measurements, the ability to interpolate measurements is an operational principle that sets apart LOCC and separable operations.

  11. Von Gierke's disease adopts an orphan (and its partner).

    PubMed

    Cheng, Alan; Saltiel, Alan R

    2009-01-01

    The enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase is critical for maintaining fasting blood sugar levels by increasing hepatic glucose production. Its absence in patients with von Gierke's disease leads to severe hypoglycemia and abnormal accumulation of glycogen (glycogenosis) in the liver. New players that control the expression of glucose-6-phosphatase have been identified that may provide insight into this metabolic disorder, as well as type 2 diabetes. PMID:19224896

  12. Dr. von Braun in the Gemini Simulator at MSC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1964-01-01

    In this 1964 photograph, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Director Dr. Wernher von Braun (in commander's seat, background) tries out the Gemini Simulator at the Marned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center). Looking on from the pilot's seat is J.P. Kuettner, deputy director of MSFC Saturn Apollo Systems Office, and standing at left, Warren J. North, chief of Manned Spacecraft Center's (MSC) Flight Crew Support Division.

  13. Entwicklung von umwelt- und naturschutzgerechten Verfahren der landwirtschaftlichen Landnutzung für das Biosphärenreservat Schorfheide-Chorin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meyer-Aurich, Andreas

    1999-11-01

    Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit werden exemplarisch Chancen und Grenzen der Integration von Umwelt- und Naturschutz in Verfahren der ackerbaulichen Landnutzung aufgezeigt. Die Umsetzung von Zielen des Umwelt- und Naturschutzes in Verfahren der Landnutzung ist mit verschiedenen Schwierigkeiten verbunden. Diese liegen zum einen in der Konkretisierung der Ziele, um diese umsetzen zu können, zum anderen in vielfach unzulänglichem Wissen über den Zusammenhang zwischen unterschiedlichen Formen der Landnutzung und insbesondere den biotischen Naturschutzzielen. Zunächst wird die Problematik der Zielfestlegung und Konkretisierung erörtert. Das Umweltqualitätszielkonzept von Fürst et al. (1992) stellt einen Versuch dar, Ziele des Umwelt- und Naturschutzes zu konkretisieren. Dieses Konzept haben Heidt et al. (1997) auf einen Landschaftsausschnitt von ca. 6000 ha im Biosphärenreservat Schorfheide-Chorin im Nordosten Brandenburgs angewendet. Eine Auswahl der von Heidt et al. (1997) formulierten Umweltqualitätsziele bildet die Basis dieser Arbeit. Für die ausgewählten Umweltqualitätsziele wurden wesentliche Einflussfaktoren der Landnutzung identifiziert und ein Bewertungssystem entwickelt, mit dem die Auswirkungen von landwirtschaftlichen Anbauverfahren auf diese Umweltqualitätsziele abgebildet werden können. Die praktizierte Landnutzung von 20 Betrieben im Biosphärenreservat Schorfheide-Chorin wurde von 1994 bis 1997 hinsichtlich ihrer Auswirkungen auf die Umweltqualitätsziele analysiert. Die Analyse ergab ein sehr differenziertes Bild, das zum Teil Unterschiede in der Auswirkung auf die Umweltqualitätsziele für den Anbau einzelner Kulturen oder für bestimmte Betriebstypen zeigte. Es zeigte sich aber auch, dass es bei der Gestaltung des Anbaus einzelner Kulturarten große Unterschiede gab, die für Umweltqualitätsziele Bedeutung haben. Neben der Analyse der Landnutzung im Biosphärenreservat Schorfheide-Chorin wurde ein System entwickelt, mit dem die modellhafte

  14. Von Neumann's `No Hidden Variables' Proof: A Re-Appraisal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bub, Jeffrey

    2010-10-01

    Since the analysis by John Bell in 1965, the consensus in the literature is that von Neumann’s ‘no hidden variables’ proof fails to exclude any significant class of hidden variables. Bell raised the question whether it could be shown that any hidden variable theory would have to be nonlocal, and in this sense ‘like Bohm’s theory.’ His seminal result provides a positive answer to the question. I argue that Bell’s analysis misconstrues von Neumann’s argument. What von Neumann proved was the impossibility of recovering the quantum probabilities from a hidden variable theory of dispersion free (deterministic) states in which the quantum observables are represented as the ‘beables’ of the theory, to use Bell’s term. That is, the quantum probabilities could not reflect the distribution of pre-measurement values of beables, but would have to be derived in some other way, e.g., as in Bohm’s theory, where the probabilities are an artefact of a dynamical process that is not in fact a measurement of any beable of the system.

  15. Rapid discrimination of the phenotypic variants of von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Jonathan C; Morateck, Patti A; Christopherson, Pamela A; Yan, Ke; Hoffmann, Raymond G; Gill, Joan Cox; Montgomery, Robert R

    2016-05-19

    Approximately 20% to 25% of patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) have a qualitative defect of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) protein activities. Variant VWD typically is classified as type 1C, 2A, 2B, 2M, or 2N depending on the VWF activity defect. Traditionally, diagnosis has relied on multiple clinical laboratory assays to assign VWD phenotype. We developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure the various activities of VWF on a single plate and evaluated 160 patient samples enrolled in the Zimmerman Program for the Molecular and Clinical Biology of von Willebrand Disease with type 2 VWD. Using linear discriminate analysis (LDA), this assay was able to identify type 1C, 2A, 2B, 2M, or 2N VWD with an overall accuracy of 92.5% in the patient study cohort. LDA jackknife analysis, a statistical resampling technique, identified variant VWD with an overall accuracy of 88.1%, which predicts the assay's performance in the general population. In addition, this assay demonstrated correlation with traditional clinical laboratory VWF assays. The VWF multiplex activity assay may be useful as a same-day screening assay when considering the diagnosis of variant VWD in an individual patient. PMID:26917779

  16. How I treat the acquired von Willebrand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Tiede, Andreas; Rand, Jacob H; Budde, Ulrich; Ganser, Arnold; Federici, Augusto B

    2011-06-23

    The acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a bleeding disorder that is frequently unrecognized or is misdiagnosed as von Willebrand disease. AVWS is characterized by structural or functional defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF) that are secondary to autoimmune, lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative, malignant, cardiovascular, or other disorders. VWF abnormalities in these disorders can result from (1) antibody-mediated clearance or functional interference, (2) adsorption to surfaces of transformed cells or platelets, or (3) increased shear stress and subsequent proteolysis. Diagnosis can be challenging as no single test is usually sufficient to prove or exclude AVWS. Furthermore, there are no evidence-based guidelines for management. Treatments of the underlying medical condition, including chemo/radiotherapy, surgery, or immunosuppressants can result in remission of AVWS, but is not always feasible and successful. Because of the heterogeneous mechanisms of AVWS, more than one therapeutic approach is often required to treat acute bleeds and for prophylaxis during invasive procedures; the treatment options include, but are not limited to, desmopressin, VWF-containing concentrates, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis or recombinant factor VIIa. Here, we review the management of AVWS with an overview on the currently available evidence and additional considerations for typical treatment situations. PMID:21540459

  17. Association of acquired von Willebrand syndrome with AL amyloidosis.

    PubMed

    Kos, Cynthia A; Ward, Jennifer E; Malek, Karim; Sanchorawala, Vaishali; Wright, Daniel G; O'Hara, Carl; Connors, Lawreen; Skinner, Martha; Seldin, David C

    2007-05-01

    Acquired loss of functional von Willebrand factor (VWF) has been termed the acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS). AVWS is a rare adult-onset bleeding diathesis that is clinically similar to congenital von Willebrand disease (VWD), and occurs with a variety of autoimmune, lymphoproliferative, or myeloproliferative disorders. We have identified four patients with AVWS in association with immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis. These patients, lacking any pre-existing or family history of abnormal bleeding, developed cutaneous, mucosal, or gastrointestinal bleeding in the course of their disease without deficiency of clotting factor X or other factors; the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) was prolonged in three out of the four cases. Despite normal VWF antigen levels, VWF ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo) was low. Electrophoresis patterns of high molecular weight (HMW) VWF multimers were abnormal in two of the four cases. Two of the patients were treated with high-dose intravenous melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDM/SCT) and achieved hematologic remission. In these two patients, the bleeding diathesis improved and the coagulation parameters normalized, confirming a causal relationship between the plasma cell dyscrasia and the AVWS. AVWS should be considered in AL amyloidosis patients with hemorrhagic diatheses and normal clotting factor levels. PMID:17205535

  18. Acquired Von Willebrand's Syndrome in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    Strakhan, Marianna; Gralla, Richard J.; Reed, Louis J.

    2014-01-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is an uncommon, underdiagnosed, and heterogeneous disease which is increasingly recognized as a cause of bleeding diatheses. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an infrequent cause of AVWS. Herein, we report a case of AVWS diagnosed during the initial presentation of SLE in a previously healthy young man with no family history of bleeding diathesis who presented with worsening epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anasarca. He was found to have severe anemia and prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) with severely decreased levels of von Willebrand factor (VWF) measurements in addition to markedly decreased factor VIII levels. Further evaluation revealed nephrotic syndrome and interstitial lung disease due to SLE. He initially received combination therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and von Willebrand factor/factor VIII concentrates without significant improvement. Treatment with steroids, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab was followed by clinical improvement evidenced by cessation of bleeding. The short follow-up did not allow us to definitely prove the therapeutic effect of immunosuppressive treatment on AVWS in SLE patients. This case adds to the literature supporting the relationship between AVWS and SLE and highlights the importance of combination therapy in the treatment of severe AVWS as well as the role of IVIG, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab in AVWS associated with SLE. PMID:25544909

  19. Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of potential anticancer activity of mono- and bis-1,2,3-triazole derivatives of bis-alkynes.

    PubMed

    Elamari, Hichem; Slimi, Riadh; Chabot, Guy G; Quentin, Lionel; Scherman, Daniel; Girard, Christian

    2013-02-01

    In order to find new molecules with cytotoxic activity against cancer cells, we prepared bis-akyne amides derived from propiolic acid. The bis-alkynes were then transformed in their mono-1,2,3-triazole analogs onto the amide side, due to its greater reactivity, using a catalyst-free Huisgen's reaction. The mono-triazoles were then subjected to the copper (I)-catalyzed version of the previous reaction (CuAAC), using a supported catalyst, to produce bis-triazoles. All products were obtained pure after simple trituration or filtration procedures. All synthetic compounds were tested in vitro for their cytotoxic activity using B16 melanoma cells. Four compounds (7, 23, 25 and 33) showed activities in the micromolar range (<21 μM) whereas three compounds (3, 22 and 38) presented activity at low micromolar concentrations (<10 μM), and two analogs (2 and 13) were active at nanomolar levels (<1 μM). PMID:23314049

  20. Chiral linker-bridged bis-N-heterocyclic carbenes: design, synthesis, palladium complexes, and catalytic properties.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dao; He, Yu; Tang, Junkai

    2016-08-01

    A series of chiral bis(benzimidazolium) salts 10-19 with (1R,2R)-cyclohexene, (1R,2R)-diphenylethylene and (aR)-binaphthylene linkers have been designed and synthesized in 30-94% yield. Ten chiral bis(NHC) palladium complexes 20-28 have been synthesized and characterized by NMR, HRMS, elemental analysis and further confirmed by X-ray single crystal analysis. These bis(NHC)-Pd complexes showed obviously different catalytic properties in the asymmetric Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions. The (1R,2R)-cyclohexene-bridged bis(NHC)-Pd complex, (R,R)-23, achieved the highest yield of 90%, while complex (aR)-28, with a binaphthylene linker, showed the best enantioselectivity of 60 ee%. The structural analysis of these complexes suggested that such difference of catalytic performance has a close relationship with their coordination surroundings around metal centres. PMID:27230553

  1. Use of BIS VISTA bilateral monitor for diagnosis of intraoperative seizures, a case report.

    PubMed

    Iturri Clavero, F; Tamayo Medel, G; de Orte Sancho, K; González Uriarte, A; Iglesias Martínez, A; Martínez Ruíz, A

    2015-12-01

    Changes in BIS (bispectral index) VISTA bilateral monitoring system associated with intraoperative episodes of generalized and focal seizures, during total intravenous anesthesia for resection of a left frontal parasagittal meningioma, are herein described. PMID:25944463

  2. Interactive Effects of the BIS and the BAS on Trajectories of Alcohol Misuse after University Graduation

    PubMed Central

    Keough, Matthew T.; O’Connor, Roisin M.

    2015-01-01

    Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory predicts that those with a strong behavioral inhibition system (BIS) likely experience considerable anxiety and uncertainty during the transition out of university. Accordingly, they may continue to drink heavily to cope during this time (a period associated with normative reductions in heavy drinking), but only if they also have a strong behavioral approach system (BAS) to enhance the anxiolytic effects of drinking. The purpose of this study was to test this hypothesis. Participants completed online measures prior to and at 3-month intervals over the course of the year following graduation. As hypothesized, results showed that an elevated BIS predicted impeded maturing out, but only when the impulsivity facet of BAS was also elevated. In contrast, a strong BIS predicted rapid maturing out if BAS impulsivity was weak. Study findings advance our understanding of BIS-related alcohol misuse trajectories in young adulthood and provide direction for clinical interventions. PMID:26823652

  3. Structure-anti-MRSA activity relationship of macrocyclic bis(bibenzyl) derivatives.

    PubMed

    Sawada, Hiromi; Onoda, Kenji; Morita, Daichi; Ishitsubo, Erika; Matsuno, Kenji; Tokiwa, Hiroaki; Kuroda, Teruo; Miyachi, Hiroyuki

    2013-12-15

    We synthesized a series of macrocyclic bis(bibenzyl) derivatives, including riccardin-, isoplagiochin- and marchantin-class structures, and evaluated their antibacterial activity towards methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (anti-MRSA activity). The structure-activity relationships and the results of molecular dynamics simulations indicated that bis(bibenzyl)s with potent anti-MRSA activity commonly have a 4-hydroxyl group at the D-benzene ring and a 2-hydroxyl group at the C-benzene ring in the hydrophilic part of the molecule, and an unsubstituted phenoxyphenyl group in the hydrophobic part of the molecule containing the A-B-benzene rings. Pharmacological characterization of the bis(bibenzyl) derivatives and 2-phenoxyphenol fragment 25, previously proposed as the minimum structure of riccardin C 1 for anti-MRSA activity, indicated that they have different action mechanisms: the bis(bibenzyl)s are bactericidal, while 25 is bacteriostatic, showing only weak bactericidal activity. PMID:24239015

  4. Tandem bis-aza-Michael addition reaction of amines in aqueous medium promoted by polystyrenesulfonic Acid

    EPA Science Inventory

    An efficient and environmentally benign tandem bis-aza-Michael addition of amines catalyzed by polystyrene sulfonic acid (PSSA) is described. This operationally simple high yielding microwave assisted synthetic protocol proceeded in water in the absence of any organic solvent.

  5. Regioselective nucleophilic addition of organometallic reagents to 3-geminal bis(silyl) N-acyl pyridinium.

    PubMed

    Wu, Ya; Li, Linjie; Li, Hongze; Gao, Lu; Xie, Hengmu; Zhang, Zhigao; Su, Zhishan; Hu, Changwei; Song, Zhenlei

    2014-04-01

    A regioselective nucleophilic addition to 3-geminal bis(silyl) N-acyl pyridinium has been described. Geminal bis(silane) shows contrasting roles that lead to different regioselectivities for the addition of different nucleophiles: its steric effect dominates to favor 1,6-addition of alkyl, vinyl, and aryl organometallic reagents; its directing effect dominates to favor 1,2-addition of less sterically demanding alkynyl Grignard reagents. PMID:24666415

  6. A quinoidal bis-phenalenyl-fused porphyrin with supramolecular organization and broad near-infrared absorption.

    PubMed

    Diev, Vyacheslav V; Femia, Denise; Zhong, Qiwen; Djurovich, Peter I; Haiges, Ralf; Thompson, Mark E

    2016-01-31

    A bis-phenalenyl-fused porphyrin has been synthesized by thermal dehydro-aromatization reaction regioselectively as a single syn-isomer. X-ray crystal structure revealed that both phenalenyl units of this porphyrin have close π-π contacts forming continuous network of interacting porphyrin rings. A broad and intense NIR absorption can be attributed to quinoidal character of bis-phenalenyl-fused porphyrin. PMID:26686757

  7. 1H and 13C spectral assignment of symmetrical bis[(4-aminosubstituted)quinolinium] derivatives.

    PubMed

    Campos, Joaquín M; Sánchez-Martín, Rosario M; Cruz-López, Olga; Conejo-García, Ana; Gallo, Miguel A; Espinosa, Antonio

    2005-12-01

    1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic data of both the quinolinium ring and the spacers for 32 symmetrical bisquinolinium compounds were assigned by a combination of one- and two-dimensional experiments (DEPT, HMBC, HMQC). The compounds have electron-releasing groups at position 4 of the quinolinium ring, with several arylalkyl linkers such as the 3,3'-, 4,4'-bis(methylene)biphenyl and 4,4'-bis(methylene)bibenzyl moieties. PMID:16114103

  8. The stereoconfiguration of newly formed molecules of bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate in BHK cells.

    PubMed

    Joutti, A

    1979-10-26

    Newly formed molecules of bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate (known also as lysobisphosphatidic acid), which were labeled with 32Pi in cultured BHK cells during relatively short pulses, were subjected to stereoanalysis. In contrast to the high proportion of sn-1-glycerophosphate residues in the bulk of the bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate molecules, the newly formed molecules were rich in sn-3-glycerophosphate residues. PMID:508774

  9. Kinetics of the electrochemical oxidation of 1,1-bis-hydroperoxy-4-methylcyclohexane on platinum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vedenyapina, M. D.; Simakova, A. P.; Platonov, M. M.; Terent'ev, A. O.; Skundin, A. M.; Vedenyapin, A. A.

    2013-03-01

    The electrochemical synthesis of 3,12-dimethyl-7,8,15,16-tetraoxadispiro[5.2.5.2]hexadecane (1,2,4,5-tetraoxane) from 1,1-bis-hydroperoxy-4-methylcyclohexane on platinum electrode in a cell with separated and unseparated cathode and anode space in an aprotic solvent is conducted. The kinetics of electrochemical oxidation of 1,1-bis(hydroperoxy)-4-methylcyclohexane is studied. The current yield of the reaction is determined.

  10. Nitrene Metathesis and Catalytic Nitrene Transfer Promoted by Niobium Bis(imido) Complexes.

    PubMed

    Kriegel, Benjamin M; Bergman, Robert G; Arnold, John

    2016-01-13

    We report a metathesis reaction in which a nitrene fragment from an isocyanide ligand is exchanged with a nitrene fragment of an imido ligand in a series of niobium bis(imido) complexes. One of these bis(imido) complexes also promotes nitrene transfer to catalytically generate asymmetric dialkylcarbodiimides from azides and isocyanides in a process involving the Nb(V)/Nb(III) redox couple. PMID:26698833

  11. Microwave-promoted synthesis of bicyclic azocine-β-lactams from bis(allenes).

    PubMed

    Alcaide, Benito; Almendros, Pedro; Aragoncillo, Cristina; Fernández, Israel; Gómez-Campillos, Gonzalo

    2014-08-01

    A metal-free preparation of structurally novel bicyclic azocine-β-lactams has been developed. The first examples accounting for the preparation of eight-membered rings from bis(allenes) in the absence of metals have been achieved by the thermolysis of nonconjugated 2-azetidinone-tethered bis(allenes) on application of microwave irradiation. This selective carbocyclization reaction has been studied experimentally, and additionally, its mechanism has been investigated by a DFT study. PMID:25010752

  12. Defective dimerization of von Willebrand factor subunits due to a Cys-> Arg mutation in type IID von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed Central

    Schneppenheim, R; Brassard, J; Krey, S; Budde, U; Kunicki, T J; Holmberg, L; Ware, J; Ruggeri, Z M

    1996-01-01

    The same heterozygous T -> C transition at nt 8567 of the von Willebrand factor (vWF) transcript was found in two unrelated patients with type III) von Willebrand disease, with no other apparent abnormality. In one family, both alleles were normal in the parents and one sister; thus, the mutation originated de novo in the proposita. The second patient also had asymptomatic parents who, however, were not available for study. The structural consequences of the identified mutation, resulting in the CyS2010 -> Arg substitution, were evaluated by expression of the vWF carboxyl-terminal domain containing residues 1366-2050. Insect cells infected with recombinant baculovirus expressing normal vWF sequence secreted a disulfide linked dimeric molecule with an apparent molecular mass of 150 kDa before reduction, yielding a single band of 80 kDa after disulfide bond reduction. In contrast, cells expressing the mutant fragment secreted a monomeric molecule of apparent molecular mass of 80 kDa, which remained unchanged after reduction. We conclude that CyS2010 is essential for normal dimerization of vWF subunits through disulfide bonding of carboxyl-terminal domains and that a heterozygous mutation in the corresponding codon is responsible for defective multimer formation in type III) von Willebrand disease. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 4 PMID:8622978

  13. Ultrasound-assisted 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition and cyclopropanation reactions for the synthesis of bis-indolizine and bis-cyclopropane derivatives.

    PubMed

    Abaszadeh, Mehdi; Seifi, Mohammad

    2014-10-21

    Ultrasound irradiation can promote the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of 2-chloropyridinium ylides with 2-benzylidenemalononitrile or 2,2'-(1,4-phenylenebis(methanylylidene))dimalononitrile, to afford the indolizine and bis-indolizine derivatives respectively. While the reaction of pyridinium ylides with 2-benzylidenemalononitrile or 2,2'-(1,4-phenylenebis(methanylylidene))dimalononitrile under ultrasound irradiation provided, in an unusual manner, cyclopropane and bis-cyclopropane derivatives, respectively. These cycloaddition and cyclopropanation reactions were carried out in the presence of triethylamine, in acetonitrile, at room temperature. PMID:25177925

  14. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 748 - BIS-748P, BIS-748P-A; Item Appendix, and BIS-748P-B; End-User Appendix; Multipurpose Application...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (CLASSIFICATION, ADVISORY, AND LICENSE) AND DOCUMENTATION Pt. 748, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to part 748—BIS-748P... is required. Enter only one typed line of text per Block or line. Where there is a choice of entering...-123456F). If you are completing this form to request classification of your item, you must complete...

  15. 15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 748 - BIS-748P, BIS-748P-A; Item Appendix, and BIS-748P-B; End-User Appendix; Multipurpose Application...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (CLASSIFICATION, ADVISORY, AND LICENSE) AND DOCUMENTATION Pt. 748, Supp. 1 Supplement No. 1 to Part 748—BIS-748P... is required. Enter only one typed line of text per Block or line. Where there is a choice of entering...-123456F). If you are completing this form to request classification of your item, you must complete...

  16. Crystal structure of the new hybrid material bis-(1,4-diazo-niabi-cyclo-[2.2.2]octa-ne) di-μ-chlorido-bis-[tetra-chlorido-bis-muthate(III)] dihydrate.

    PubMed

    Chouri, Marwen; Boughzala, Habib

    2015-11-01

    The title compound bis-(1,4-diazo-niabi-cyclo-[2.2.2]octa-ne) di-μ-chlorido-bis-[tetra-chlorido-bis-muthate(III)] dihydrate, (C6H14N2)2[Bi2Cl10]·2H2O, was ob-tain-ed by slow evaporation at room temperature of a hydro-chloric aqueous solution (pH = 1) containing bis-muth(III) nitrate and 1,4-di-aza-bicyclo-[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) in a 1:2 molar ratio. The structure displays a two-dimensional arrangement parallel to (100) of isolated [Bi2Cl10](4-) bi-octa-hedra (site symmetry -1) separated by layers of organic 1,4-diazo-niabi-cyclo-[2.2.2]octane dications [(DABCOH2)(2+)] and water mol-ecules. O-H⋯Cl, N-H⋯O and N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds lead to additional cohesion of the structure. PMID:26594516

  17. Charakterisierung von Sulfotransferasen im Gastrointestinaltrakt von Mensch und Ratte und Aktivierung von Promutagenen in V79-Zellen, die eine intestinale Form (1B1) des Menschen und der Ratte exprimieren

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teubner, Wera

    2001-05-01

    Die Ausstattung der gastrointestinalen Mukosa des Menschen und der Ratte mit Sulfotransferasen wurde mit Hilfe von Immunodetektion und Enzymaktivitätsmessungen untersucht. In Proben aus Colon und Rektum von 39 Personen wurden die Formen h1A1, h1A3 und h1B1 identifiziert, wobei in einer weiteren Probe, die als einzige von einem an Colitis Ulcerosa erkrankten Patienten stammte, keine Sulfotransferasen nachgewiesen werden konnten. Bei der Immunblot-Analyse war das Expressionsmuster der einzelnen Formen in allen Proben ähnlich. In wenigen Proben waren die relativen Signalintensitäten der h1A1 und der h1B1 um die Hälfte erniedrigt. Der Gehalt von SULT an zytosolischem Protein zeigte einen bis zu 8 - 10fachen Unterschied, er betrug jedoch bei zwei Dritteln der Proben zwischen 0,15 und 0,3 (h1A1 und h1A3) bzw. 0,6 und 0,8 Promille (h1B1). Die Variation konnte nicht auf Alter, Geschlecht oder Krankheitsbild der Patienten zurückgeführt werden. Auch der für die allelischen Varianten der h1A1 beschriebene Effekt auf die Enzymaktiviät bzw. Stabilität konnte in der Menge an immunreaktivem Protein nicht in diesem Ausma detektiert werden. Die Allelhäufigkeit von h1A1*R und h1A1*H war gegenüber der gesunden Bevölkerung nicht verändert. In den sieben Proben aus dem Dünndarm (Coecum, viermal Ileum, Jejunum) konnten zusätzlich die Formen h1E1 und h2A1 identifiziert werden. Ein möglicherweise der Form h1C1 entsprechendes Protein wurde im Magen detektiert. Im Vergleich zum Menschen war die Expression in der Ratte stärker auf die Leber konzentriert. Während beim Menschen in allen untersuchten Abschnitten Sulfotransferasen in Mengen detektiert wurden, die in zwei Fällen (h1B1 und h1A3) sogar den Gehalt in der Leber überstiegen, beschränkte sich die Expression in der Ratte auf im Vergleich zur Leber geringe Mengen im Magen und Dickdarm. Nachgewiesen wurden die r1B1, r1A1 sowie eine nicht identifizierte Form von 35kD, bei der es sich vermutlich um die r1C2 handelt. Im

  18. Spectral Properties of a bis-Azospiropyran Complexed with Europium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nourmohammadian, F.; Ghahari, M.; Gholami, M. Davoudzadeh

    2015-09-01

    The complexation of recently synthesized symmetrical bifunctional bis-azospiropyran photochromic dye with europium nitrate and its effect on UV-vis absorption and fluorescent emission was studied. Upon addition of Eu 3+ to colorless spiropyran, a yellow merocyanine europium complex was obtained with an absorption band at 410 nm. Negatively charged phenolic oxygenin zwitterionic ring-open form provides an effective metal binding site for Eu 3+ . Meanwhile, the inherent fluorescence emission of the photochromic dye at 380 nm is switched off due to the Eu 3+ - induced drive of spiro-mero equilibrium to form mero form. The stoichiometry of dye-europium complexation was evaluated by fluorescence emission and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and a 8:1 ratio was obtained in both cases. The binding constant (K) value of the dye-europium complex was 3 × 106 M -1 . In conclusion, the current molecular switch is a useful sensitive dual measuring tool for solutions containing europium or europium-like elements by evaluation of visible absorption or fluorescent emission spectroscopy.

  19. Contemporary carbon content of bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in butter.

    PubMed

    Tong, T; Ondov, J M; Buchholz, B A; VanDerveer, M C

    2016-01-01

    The fraction of naturally produced bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a ubiquitous plasticizer known to contaminate packaged foods, was determined for each of five 1.10 kg samples of unsalted market butter by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). After extraction and concentration enrichment with liquid-liquid extraction, flash column chromatography, and preparative-scale high performance liquid chromatography, each sample provided ≈ 250 μg extracts of DEHP with carbon purity ranging from 92.5 ± 1.2% (n = 3, 1σ) to 97.1 ± 0.8% (n = 3, 1σ) as measured with gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). After corrections for method blank DEHP, co-eluting compounds, and unidentified carbon, the mean fraction of naturally produced DEHP in butter was determined to be 0.16 ± 0.12 (n = 5, 1σ). To our knowledge, this is the first report of the contemporary fraction of DEHP isolated from market butter in the U.S. PMID:26213077

  20. Crankshaft motion in a highly congested bis(triarylmethyl)peroxide.

    PubMed

    Khuong, Tinh-Alfredo V; Zepeda, Gerardo; Sanrame, Carlos N; Dang, Hung; Bartberger, Michael D; Houk, K N; Garcia-Garibay, Miguel A

    2004-11-17

    Crankshaft motion has been proposed in the solid state for molecular fragments consisting of three or more rotors linked by single bonds, whereby the two terminal rotors are static and the internal rotors experience circular motion. Bis-[tri-(3,5-di-tert-butyl)phenylmethyl]-peroxide 2 was tested as a model in search of crankshaft motion at the molecular level. In the case of peroxide 2, the bulky trityl groups may be viewed as the external static rotors, while the two peroxide oxygens can undergo the sought after internal rotation. Evidence for this process in the case of peroxide 2 was obtained from conformational dynamics determined by variable-temperature (13)C and (1)H NMR between 190 and 375 K in toluene-d(8). Detailed spectral assignments for the interpretation of two coalescence processes were based on a correlation between NMR spectra obtained in solution at low temperature, in the solid state by (13)C CPMAS NMR, and by GIAO calculations based on a B3LYP/6-31G structure of 2 obtained from its X-ray coordinates as the input. Evidence supporting crankshaft rotation rather than slippage of the trityl groups was obtained from molecular mechanics calculations. PMID:15535703

  1. Mono- and bis-tolylterpyridine iridium(III) complexes

    SciTech Connect

    Hinkle, Lindsay M.; Young, Jr., Victor G.; Mann, Kent R.

    2012-01-20

    The first structure report of trichlorido[4'-(p-tolyl)-2,2':6',2{double_prime}-terpyridine]iridium(III) dimethyl sulfoxide solvate, [IrCl{sub 3}(C{sub 22}H{sub 17}N{sub 3})] {center_dot} C{sub 2}H{sub 6}OS, (I), is presented, along with a higher-symmetry setting of previously reported bis[4'-(p-tolyl)-2,2':6',2{double_prime}-terpyridine]iridium(III) tris(hexafluoridophosphate) acetonitrile disolvate, [Ir(C{sub 22}H{sub 17}N{sub 3})2](PF{sub 6}){sub 3} {center_dot} 2C{sub 2}H{sub 3}N, (II) [Yoshikawa, Yamabe, Kanehisa, Kai, Takashima & Tsukahara (2007). Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. pp. 1911-1919]. For (I), the data were collected with synchrotron radiation and the dimethyl sulfoxide solvent molecule is disordered over three positions, one of which is an inversion center. The previously reported structure of (II) is presented in the more appropriate C2/c space group. The iridium complex and one PF{sub 6}{sup -} anion lie on twofold axes in this structure, making half of the molecule unique.

  2. 40 CFR 721.9750 - 2-Chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine, dihydrochloride.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 2-Chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9750 2-Chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine... identified generically as 2-chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine, dihydrochloride (PMN P-91-659)...

  3. High-temperature polyimides prepared from 2,2-bis-[(2-halo-4-aminophenoxy)-phenyl]hexafluoropropane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Robert J. (Inventor); Chang, Glenn E. C. (Inventor)

    1984-01-01

    There are provided the aromatic diamines 2,2-bis-[(2-halo-4-aminophenoxy)-phenyl]hexafluoropropane, where the attached ortho halogen is preferably chlorine, and 4,4'-bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl, as novel monomers for polyimide polymerizations. The former, when reacted with 2,2-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane dianhydride, provides a polyimide having exceptional high-temperature performance. The latter diamine is a low-cost monomer for polyimide production.

  4. Synthesis and Characterization of Some New N-Glycosides of Pyridine-2,6-bis-Carboxamides Derivatives.

    PubMed

    Azab, Mohammed E; Khalifa, Nagy M; Sediek, Ashraf A; Sabry, Nermein M; Al-Omar, Mohamed M; Amr, Abd El-Galil E

    2016-09-01

    A series of novel pyridine-bridged 2,6-bis-carboxamide N-β-glycosides and Schiff's bases has been prepared starting from 2,6-bis-carboxamide pyridine hydrazide, which on treatment with appropriate monosaccharides, aromatic or heterocyclic aldehydes, and indoline-2,3-dione derivatives afforded the corresponding sugar hydrazones and pyridine-bridged 2,6-bis-carboxamide Schiff's bases. PMID:27556782

  5. Die Wirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Cyberphysical Systems aus der Sicht Eines Global Players

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beetz, Klaus

    Langfristiges und nachhaltiges Denken ist ein wichtiger Teil unserer Tradition. Nachhaltigkeit heißt für uns, in unseren Handlungen die Belange von Ökologie, Ökonomie und sozialer Verantwortung ausgewogen zu berücksichtigen.", sagte Peter Löscher, CEO von Siemens, im Januar 2010.

  6. The Fate of Western Civilization: G. H. von Wright's Reflections on Science, Technology, and Global Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heikkero, Topi

    2004-01-01

    This article introduces the central ideas of G. H. von Wright's cultural philosophy concerning the techno-scientific form of life. Georg Henrik von Wright (1916-2003) was best known for his achievements in the field of modal logic and for his association with Ludwig Wittgenstein. However, his work also included a critical analysis of science and…

  7. An Alternative Perspective on von Winterfeldt et al.'s (1997) Test of Consequence Monotonicity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Moon-Ho R.; Regenwetter, Michel; Niederee, Reinhard; Heyer, Dieter

    2005-01-01

    D. von Winterfeldt, N.-K. Chung, R. D. Luce, and Y. Cho (see record 1997-03378-008) provided several tests for consequence monotonicity of choice or judgment, using certainty equivalents of gambles. The authors reaxiomatized consequence monotonicity in a probabilistic framework and reanalyzed von Winterfeldt et al.'s main experiment via a…

  8. Design, Synthesis, and X-ray Structure of Substituted Bis-tetrahydrofuran (Bis-THF)-Derived Potent HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Arun K.; Martyr, Cuthbert D.; Steffey, Melinda; Wang, Yuan-Fang; Agniswamy, Johnson; Amano, Masayuki; Weber, Irene T.; Mitsuya, Hiroaki

    2012-06-18

    We investigated substituted bis-THF-derived HIV-1 protease inhibitors in order to enhance ligand-binding site interactions in the HIV-1 protease active site. In this context, we have carried out convenient syntheses of optically active bis-THF and C4-substituted bis-THF ligands using a [2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement as the key step. The synthesis provided convenient access to a number of substituted bis-THF derivatives. Incorporation of these ligands led to a series of potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors. Inhibitor 23c turned out to be the most potent (K{sub i} = 2.9 pM; IC{sub 50} = 2.4 nM) among the inhibitors. An X-ray structure of 23c-bound HIV-1 protease showed extensive interactions of the inhibitor with the protease active site, including a unique water-mediated hydrogen bond to the Gly-48 amide NH in the S2 site.

  9. Reevaluation of McCulloch-Pitts-von Neumann's clock.

    PubMed

    Ohta, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    In neuroscience research, a firing pattern expression, called a firing snapshot, defined by firing counts of multiple neurons in discrete time-bin is frequently used. However, the firing pattern expression over multiple neurons requires synchronization commonly known as a "central clock" in computation circuits to externally control or observe multi-neuron firing. Since it is not appropriate to hypothesize the central clock in the brain, we have to reconsider the synchronization assumption. We found the historical origins of central clock synchronization in the works of McCulloch, Pitts and von Neumann and propose an alternative perspective to study neural processing without the central clock. In the "First draft of a report on the EDVAC" known as the first proposal of store-program type computer, von Neumann incorporated McCulloch and Pitts' arbitrary assumption of constant synaptic delay into the logical circuit modeling. He introduced a constant pulse delay stabilized by a central clock to synchronize multiple pulse lines. This constant delay carried over to automaton theory by von Neumann and then theoretical neuroscience as an integral part of distributed representation and firing pattern analysis. Instead, we propose a rethinking of neuronal processing by focusing on a variable synaptic delay. We review neuron-type dependent differences and point out that the maximum inter-stimulus interval which can affect the last stimulus response is longer than the minimum inter-spike interval, indicating the possibility of asynchronous input summation without a firing rate level clock. This fundamental baseline contributes to the investigation of time consuming processes: e.g., the compression of appositional synaptic inputs with duration into a single firing. PMID:25458264

  10. [On the centennial of Ernst von Bergmann's death].

    PubMed

    Czymek, R; Düsel, W

    2007-03-01

    "dear aunt lina. i do not know any big letters yet, but i want to thank you in small letters for the beautiful pens. say hello to grandpa and to everybody. yours truly, ernst." These are the first surviving written words of Ernst von Bergmann. Between them and his last words about his suspected colon cancer on 25 March 1907 ("I diagnosed this 5 years ago, and now it has come to pass.") lie many years in a vigorous life characterised by untiring activity and creativity, self-discipline, and care for patients and his family. They were years of enormous success in surgery and private happiness but also of professional setbacks and tragic family loss. Ernst von Bergmann became a leading German surgeon not only because of his surgical and scientific achievements, particularly in the fields of asepsis and war surgery, but also due to his exemplary character, reliability, engaging personality, and commitment to medical training in various medical societies. Of these, the German Society of Surgery is most indebted to him. After assuming a chair in surgery in 1882, he continued to play a leading role in this society, not least as its five-time president from 1888 to 1890 and in 1896 and 1900. A worthy successor to Bernhard von Langenbeck, he was a full professor at the Berlin University Hospital for 25 years. He also taught at the Medical and Surgical Academy for the Military after being appointed there by Emperor Wilhelm I on 16 November 1882. This position was important to him and corresponded to his patriotic views. PMID:17287931

  11. Von Willebrand factor regulates complement on endothelial cells.

    PubMed

    Noone, Damien G; Riedl, Magdalena; Pluthero, Fred G; Bowman, Mackenzie L; Liszewski, M Kathryn; Lu, Lily; Quan, Yi; Balgobin, Steve; Schneppenheim, Reinhard; Schneppenheim, Sonja; Budde, Ulrich; James, Paula; Atkinson, John P; Palaniyar, Nades; Kahr, Walter H A; Licht, Christoph

    2016-07-01

    Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura have traditionally been considered separate entities. Defects in the regulation of the complement alternative pathway occur in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, and defects in the cleavage of von Willebrand factor (VWF)-multimers arise in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. However, recent studies suggest that both entities are related as defects in the disease-causing pathways overlap or show functional interactions. Here we investigate the possible functional link of VWF-multimers and the complement system on endothelial cells. Blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) were obtained from 3 healthy individuals and 2 patients with Type 3 von Willebrand disease lacking VWF. Cells were exposed to a standardized complement challenge via the combination of classical and alternative pathway activation and 50% normal human serum resulting in complement fixation to the endothelial surface. Under these conditions we found the expected release of VWF-multimers causing platelet adhesion onto BOECs from healthy individuals. Importantly, in BOECs derived from patients with von Willebrand disease complement C3c deposition and cytotoxicity were more pronounced than on BOECs derived from normal individuals. This is of particular importance as primary glomerular endothelial cells display a heterogeneous expression pattern of VWF with overall reduced VWF abundance. Thus, our results support a mechanistic link between VWF-multimers and the complement system. However, our findings also identify VWF as a new complement regulator on vascular endothelial cells and suggest that VWF has a protective effect on endothelial cells and complement-mediated injury. PMID:27236750

  12. Orthopaedic surgery in patients with von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    Siboni, S M; Biguzzi, E; Solimeno, L P; Pasta, G; Mistretta, C; Mannucci, P M; Peyvandi, F

    2014-01-01

    Patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD) may need orthopaedic surgery because of disabling chronic arthropathy due to recurrent joint bleeding. They may also require this surgery independently of their haemostasis disorder. Knowledge regarding the management of orthopaedic surgery in VWD is limited. Description of management of orthopaedic surgery in patients with VWD, based upon retrospective data collection and analysis of 32 orthopaedic procedures carried out over a period of 33 years in 23 patients was the aim of this study. Of 32 procedures, six were minor (three hand surgery, one foot surgery, two others) and 26 were major (seven joint replacements, nine arthroscopic procedures, two foot surgery, eight others). Twenty-two procedures were performed using replacement therapy with plasma-derived concentrates containing both factor VIII (FVIII) and von Willebrand factor (VWF). Two procedures in patients with acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AWVS) were performed using FVIII-VWF concentrates associated with intravenous immunoglobulins, or desmopressin plus tranexamic acid. Seven procedures were performed using desmopressin alone and one using intravenous immunoglobulins in AVWS. Bleeding complications occurred in seven procedures (22%). In one patient, an anti-VWF antibody was diagnosed after surgery. Anticoagulant prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism was implemented in four cases only and in two instances there was excessive bleeding. In conclusion, control of surgical haemostasis was achieved in most patients with VWD undergoing orthopaedic surgery. The control of haemostasis combined with an adequate surgical technique and early post-operative rehabilitation are warranted for the successful performance of orthopaedic surgery in VWD, which requires the involvement of specialized haemophilia centres. PMID:23992395

  13. Diagnosis and treatment of acquired von Willebrand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Tiede, Andreas

    2012-12-01

    Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a rare bleeding disorder that is characterized by structural or functional alterations in von Willebrand factor (VWF) caused by a range of lymphoproliferative, myeloproliferative, cardiovascular, autoimmune, and other disorders. The pathogenic mechanisms responsible for the VWF abnormalities depend on the underlying condition, but include clearance due to binding of paraproteins, inhibition of VWF, adsorption to the surface of platelets, increased fluid shear stress, and resultant proteolysis or, more rarely, decreased synthesis. The diagnosis and treatment of AVWS are complicated by the need for multiple laboratory tests and the management of bleeding risk in a typically elderly population with serious underlying conditions that predispose towards thrombosis. Recently developed diagnostic algorithms, based on standard laboratory assays, may assist clinicians with the diagnostic workup and help differentiate between AVWS and von Willebrand disease (VWD) types 1 and 2. AVWS should be considered in all patients with new-onset bleeding whenever laboratory findings suggest VWD, particularly in the presence of an AVWS-associated disorder. AVWS testing is also recommended prior to surgery or an intervention with a high risk of bleeding in any individual with an AVWS-associated disorder. Treatment of the underlying condition using immunosuppressants, surgery, or chemotherapy, can lead to remission of AVWS in some individuals and should always be considered. Strategies to prevent and/or treat bleeding episodes should also be in place, including the use of VWF-containing factor VIII concentrates, desmopressin and tranexamic acid. Treatment success will depend largely on the underlying pathogenesis of the disorder. PMID:23439003

  14. Silicon-containing bis-azomethines: Synthesis, structural characterization, evaluation of the photophysical properties and biological activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zaltariov, Mirela-Fernanada; Vlad, Angelica; Cazacu, Maria; Avadanei, Mihaela; Vornicu, Nicoleta; Balan, Mihaela; Shova, Sergiu

    2015-03-01

    A new diamine, (dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-aminobenzoate) (1), containing dimethylsilane spacer, was prepared by the condensation of p-aminobenzoic acid with bis(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane. This was subsequently reacted with salicylaldehyde, 3-hydroxy-salicylaldehyde, and 3-methoxy-salicyladehyde, when corresponding Schiff bases (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (2), (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (3), and (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene) bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (4), respectively were formed. All the obtained compounds were structurally characterized by spectral (FT-IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR) analyses and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Photophysical studies revealed that the new prepared Schiff bases are good UV light absorbing and fluorescent materials. Thus, they exhibit strong UV/Vis-absorption at 250-400 nm and violet or orange emission, in sensitive dependence on the polarity of the solvents and the nature of the substituent (sbnd H, sbnd OH and sbnd OCH3) at the aromatic ring. The antimicrobial activity of these compounds was first studied in vitro by the disk diffusion assay against two species of bacteria and three fungi. The minimum inhibitory concentration was then determined with the reference of standard compounds. The results displayed that Schiff bases 3 and 4 having hydroxy- and methoxy-substituents on the aromatic ring were better inhibitors of both types of species (bacteria and fungi) than standard compounds, Caspofungin and Kanamycin.

  15. Silicon-containing bis-azomethines: synthesis, structural characterization, evaluation of the photophysical properties and biological activity.

    PubMed

    Zaltariov, Mirela-Fernanada; Vlad, Angelica; Cazacu, Maria; Avadanei, Mihaela; Vornicu, Nicoleta; Balan, Mihaela; Shova, Sergiu

    2015-03-01

    A new diamine, (dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-aminobenzoate) (1), containing dimethylsilane spacer, was prepared by the condensation of p-aminobenzoic acid with bis(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane. This was subsequently reacted with salicylaldehyde, 3-hydroxy-salicylaldehyde, and 3-methoxy-salicyladehyde, when corresponding Schiff bases (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (2), (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene)bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (3), and (E)-(dimethylsilanediyl)bis(methylene) bis(4-((E)-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzilidene)amino)benzoate (4), respectively were formed. All the obtained compounds were structurally characterized by spectral (FT-IR, (1)HNMR, (13)CNMR) analyses and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Photophysical studies revealed that the new prepared Schiff bases are good UV light absorbing and fluorescent materials. Thus, they exhibit strong UV/Vis-absorption at 250-400nm and violet or orange emission, in sensitive dependence on the polarity of the solvents and the nature of the substituent (H, OH and OCH3) at the aromatic ring. The antimicrobial activity of these compounds was first studied in vitro by the disk diffusion assay against two species of bacteria and three fungi. The minimum inhibitory concentration was then determined with the reference of standard compounds. The results displayed that Schiff bases 3 and 4 having hydroxy- and methoxy-substituents on the aromatic ring were better inhibitors of both types of species (bacteria and fungi) than standard compounds, Caspofungin and Kanamycin. PMID:25437843

  16. In silico Identification of Ergosterol as a Novel Fungal Metabolite Enhancing RuBisCO Activity in Lycopersicum esculentum.

    PubMed

    Mitra, Joyeeta; Narad, Priyanka; Sengupta, Abhishek; Sharma, P D; Paul, P K

    2016-09-01

    RuBisCO (EC 4.1.1.39), a key enzyme found in stroma of chloroplast, is important for fixing atmospheric CO2 in plants. Alterations in the activity of RuBisCO could influence photosynthetic yield. Therefore, to understand the activity of the protein, knowledge about its structure is pertinent. Though the structure of Nicotiana RuBisCO has been modeled, the structure of tomato RuBisCO is still unknown. RuBisCO extracted from chloroplasts of tomato leaves was subjected to MALDI-TOF-TOF followed by Mascot Search. The protein sequence based on gene identification numbers was subjected to in silico model construction, characterization and docking studies. The primary structure analysis revealed that protein was stable, neutral, hydrophilic and has an acidic pI. The result though indicates a 90 % homology with other members of Solanaceae but differs from the structure of Arabidopsis RuBisCO. Different ligands were docked to assess the activity of RuBisCO against these metabolite components. Out of the number of modulators tested, ergosterol had the maximum affinity (E = -248.08) with RuBisCO. Ergosterol is a major cell wall component of fungi and has not been reported to be naturally found in plants. It is a known immune elicitor in plants. The current study throws light on its role in affecting RuBisCO activity in plants, thereby bringing changes in the photosynthetic rate. PMID:26253718

  17. von Baer's law for the ages: lost and found principles of developmental evolution.

    PubMed

    Abzhanov, Arhat

    2013-12-01

    In 1828, Karl Ernst von Baer formulated a series of empirically defined rules, which became widely known as the 'Law of Development' or 'von Baer's law of embryology'. This was one the most significant attempts to define the principles that connected morphological complexity and embryonic development. Understanding this relation is central to both evolutionary biology and developmental genetics. Von Baer's ideas have been both a source of inspiration to generations of biologists and a target of continuous criticism over many years. With advances in multiple fields, including paleontology, cladistics, phylogenetics, genomics, and cell and developmental biology, it is now possible to examine carefully the significance of von Baer's law and its predictions. In this review, I argue that, 185 years after von Baer's law was first formulated, its main concepts after proper refurbishing remain surprisingly relevant in revealing the fundamentals of the evolution-development connection, and suggest that their explanation should become the focus of renewed research. PMID:24120296

  18. Karl ernst von Baer's 'Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere II' and its unpublished drawings.

    PubMed

    Tammiksaar, Erki; Brauckmann, Sabine

    2004-01-01

    In 1828 Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) published his seminal Uber Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere. Beobachtung und Reflexion. In the preface he announced that a second volume with one copper plate would be finished 'in a few weeks'. However, it took nine years until the unfinished second volume was released, with four copperplates. In his 'Autobiography', von Baer did not clarify the reasons why he did not finish his research program of comparative embryology. The paper attempts to elucidate them, furnished by archival documents and von Baer's unpublished embryological drawings. Our sketch of a few figures will show that (1) von Baer searched for 'analogies' (homologies) as a unifying principle and (2) explained the mechanisms of embryogenesis by physiological reasoning (electromagnetism). The main objective is to show that technical problems in illustrating and conceptual difficulties impeded von Baer's ambitious research program. PMID:16302690

  19. Klassifikation von Standardebenen in der 2D-Echokardiographie mittels 2D-3D-Bildregistrierung

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergmeir, Christoph; Subramanian, Navneeth

    Zum Zweck der Entwicklung eines Systems, das einen unerfahrenen Anwender von Ultraschall (US) zur Aufnahme relevanter anatomischer Strukturen leitet, untersuchen wir die Machbarkeit von 2D-US zu 3D-CT Registrierung. Wir verwenden US-Aufnahmen von Standardebenen des Herzens, welche zu einem 3D-CT-Modell registriert werden. Unser Algorithmus unterzieht sowohl die US-Bilder als auch den CT-Datensatz Vorverarbeitungsschritten, welche die Daten durch Segmentierung auf wesentliche Informationen in Form von Labein für Muskel und Blut reduzieren. Anschließend werden diese Label zur Registrierung mittels der Match-Cardinality-Metrik genutzt. Durch mehrmaliges Registrieren mit verschiedenen Initialisierungen ermitteln wir die im US-Bild sichtbare Standardebene. Wir evaluierten die Methode auf sieben US-Bildern von Standardebenen. Fünf davon wurden korrekt zugeordnet.

  20. Otto von Guericke and 17th century cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knobloch, Eberhard

    Otto von Guericke's scientific method was based on reason and experimental science. His cosmology was embedded in theology and can be interpreted as a refutation of Descartes' worldview. He used Nicolaus Cusanus' theory of quantities in order to characterize space. The notion of space has to be distinguished from that of world or heaven. Forces play a crucial role in this respect described by Athanasius Kircher in his "Celestial Journey". Guericke read this work very diligently. In spite of some obvious similarities between Guericke's and Newton's scientific aims and methods there are crucial differences between the scientific convictions and results of these scholars.

  1. Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) and evolution.

    PubMed

    Brauckmann, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    The research program of Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876) intended to enhance the comparative approach of animal classification by demonstrating vertebrate affinities (homology). Baer visualized his ideas on development and evolution with an unpublished figure of a branching tree. To buttress his reflections on how species-specific embryogenesis produces a branching tree, he worked out a cladogram-like chart, depicting the ontogeny and phylogeny of vertebrate embryos. For Baer, changes in development were responsible for changes in phenotype. I will offer a new interpretation of Baer's ideas about evolution showing that he believed in the transformation of species and announced such views publicly. PMID:23319342

  2. Asymmetric biclustering with constrained von Mises-Fisher models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, Kazuho; Wu, Hsiang-Yun; Takahashi, Shigeo; Fujishiro, Issei

    2016-03-01

    As a probability distribution on the high-dimensional sphere, the von Mises-Fisher (vMF) distribution is widely used for directional statistics and data analysis methods based on correlation. We consider a constrained vMF distribution for block modeling, which provides a probabilistic model of an asymmetric biclustering method that uses correlation as the similarity measure of data features. We derive the variational Bayesian inference algorithm for the mixture of the constrained vMF distributions. It is applied to a multivariate data visualization method implemented with enhanced parallel coordinate plots.

  3. von Hippel-Lindau Disease: Review of Genetics and Imaging.

    PubMed

    Shanbhogue, Krishna Prasad; Hoch, Michael; Fatterpaker, Girish; Chandarana, Hersh

    2016-05-01

    von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an autosomal-dominant, hereditary, multisystem neoplasia syndrome with increased susceptibility to several benign and malignant tumors. VHL occurs in about 1 in 36,000 live births and is associated with germline mutation of the VHL tumor suppressor gene on the short arm of chromosome 3. VHL disease exhibits diverse genotype and phenotype correlations, exhibits variable intrafamilial and interfamilial expressivity, and can manifest with benign and malignant tumors of the central nervous system, kidneys, adrenals, pancreas, and reproductive organs. Imaging and management of this entity are therefore multidisciplinary. An overview of VHL disease is presented. PMID:27153780

  4. Kernschmelze Der nachhaltige Einfluss von Nuklearwaffen auf Politik und Wirtschaft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greiner, Bernd

    "Was sollen wir von einer Kultur halten, der die Ethik stets als wesentliches Element des menschlichen Lebens galt, die aber - außer in fachlicher oder spieltheoretischer Terminologie - nicht in der Lage war, über die Möglichkeit zu sprechen, nahezu alle Menschen zu töten?" Der Fragesteller gehört zu den berühmtesten Physikern des 20. Jahrhunderts und zu den nach wie vor Umstrittensten. über ihn wurde in den 1960er Jahren ein international viel beachtetes Theaterstück geschrieben, vor wenigen Jahren gar eine Oper.

  5. Quantum Dynamics in Phase Space using Projected von Neumann Bases.

    PubMed

    Machnes, Shai; Assémat, Elie; Larsson, Henrik R; Tannor, David J

    2016-05-19

    We describe the mathematical underpinnings of the biorthogonal von Neumann method for quantum mechanical simulations (PvB). In particular, we present a detailed discussion of the important issue of nonorthogonal projection onto subspaces of biorthogonal bases, and how this differs from orthogonal projection. We present various representations of the Schrödinger equation in the reduced basis and discuss their relative merits. We conclude with illustrative examples and a discussion of the outlook and challenges ahead for the PvB representation. PMID:26977715

  6. Effect of light-curing, pressure, oxygen inhibition, and heat on shear bond strength between bis-acryl provisional restoration and bis-acryl repair materials

    PubMed Central

    Shim, Ji-Suk; Lee, Jeong-Yol; Choi, Yeon-Jo; Shin, Sang-Wan

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE This study aimed to discover a way to increase the bond strength between bis-acryl resins, using a comparison of the shear bond strengths attained from bis-acryl resins treated with light curing, pressure, oxygen inhibition, and heat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Self-cured bis-acryl resin was used as both a base material and as a repair material. Seventy specimens were distributed into seven groups according to treatment methods: pressure - stored in a pressure cooker at 0.2 Mpa; oxygen inhibition- applied an oxygen inhibitor around the repaired material,; heat treatment - performed heat treatment in a dry oven at 60℃, 100℃, or 140℃. The shear bond strength was measured with a universal testing machine, and the shear bond strength (MPa) was calculated from the peak load of failure. A comparison of the bond strength between the repaired specimens was conducted using one-way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparison tests (α=.05). RESULTS There were no statistically significant differences in the shear bond strength between the control group and the light curing, pressure, and oxygen inhibition groups. However, the heat treatment groups showed statistically higher bond strengths than the groups treated without heat, and the groups treated at a higher temperature resulted in higher bond strengths. Statistically significant differences were seen between groups after different degrees of heat treatment, except in groups heated at 100℃ and 140℃. CONCLUSION Strong bonding can be achieved between a bis-acryl base and bis-acryl repair material after heat treatment. PMID:25722837

  7. Bis-butanediol-mercapturic acid (bis-BDMA) as a urinary biomarker of metabolic activation of butadiene to its ultimate carcinogenic species

    PubMed Central

    Tretyakova, Natalia Y.

    2014-01-01

    Human carcinogen 1,3-butadiene (BD) undergoes metabolic activation to 3,4-epoxy-1-butene (EB), hydroxymethylvinyl ketone (HMVK), 3,4-epoxy-1,2-butanediol (EBD) and 1,2,3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB). Among these, DEB is by far the most genotoxic metabolite and is considered the ultimate carcinogenic species of BD. We have shown previously that BD-exposed laboratory mice form 8- to 10-fold more DEB–DNA adducts than rats exposed at the same conditions, which may be responsible for the enhanced sensitivity of mice to BD-mediated cancer. In the present study, we have identified 1,4-bis-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)butane-2,3-diol (bis-BDMA) as a novel DEB-specific urinary biomarker. Isotope dilution high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry was employed to quantify bis-BDMA and three other BD-mercapturic acids, 2-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)-1-hydroxybut-3-ene/1-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)-2-hydroxy-but-3-ene (MHBMA, from EB), 4-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)-1,2-dihydroxybutane (DHBMA, from HMVK) and 4-(N-acetyl-l-cystein-S-yl)-1,2,3-trihydroxybutane (THBMA, from EBD), in urine of confirmed smokers, occupationally exposed workers and BD-exposed laboratory rats. Bis-BDMA was formed in a dose-dependent manner in urine of rats exposed to 0–200 p.p.m. BD by inhalation, although it was a minor metabolite (1%) as compared with DHBMA (47%) and THBMA (37%). In humans, DHBMA was the most abundant BD-mercapturic acid excreted (93%), followed by THBMA (5%) and MHBMA (2%), whereas no bis-BDMA was detected. These results reveal significant differences in metabolism of BD between rats and humans. PMID:24531806

  8. Metabolic and mutagenicity studies on DDT and 15 derivatives. Detection of 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane and 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethyl acetate (kelthane acetate) as mutagens in Salmonella typhimurium and of 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethylene oxide, a likely metabolite, as an alkylating agent.

    PubMed

    Planche, G; Croisy, A; Malaveille, C; Tomatis, L; Bartsch, H

    1979-05-01

    Using a novel in vitro technique, whereby microsomal enzymes were embedded in an agar layer to prolong their viability, 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethylene(DDNU), a mammalian metabolite of 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane (DDT), was converted by microsomal mono-oxygenases of mouse liver into 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (DDNU-diol). The putative epoxide intermediate, 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene oxide (DDNU-oxide), a new compound, was synthesized; it showed weak alkylating activity with 4-(4-nitrobenzyl)pyridine but was not mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA100 and TA98. DDT and 13 of its metabolites or putative synthetic derivatives, including 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethylene (DDE), 1 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-chloroethylene (DDMU), 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2-chloroethane (DDMS)-DDNU, 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethanol (DDOH), bis(p-chlorophenyl)acetic acid (DDA) and 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethanol (Kethane), caused no mutagenic effects in S. typhimurium strains TA100 or TA98, either in the presence or absence of a mouse-liver microsomal fraction. 1,1-Bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethyl acetate (Kelthane acetate) was a direct-acting mutagen in strain TA100, whereas 1,1-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane (DDD) was mutagenic in TA98, only in the presence of a mouse-liver microsomal system. The results are discussed in relation to possible pathways whereby DDT is activated to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic metabolites. PMID:380827

  9. Strong exchange coupling in lanthanide bis-(phthalocyaninato) sandwich compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Trojan, K.L.; Hatfield, W.E.; Kepler, K.D.; Kirk, M.L. )

    1991-04-15

    Bis (phthalocyaninato) lanthanide sandwich compounds, which have the formula Pc{sup 2-}LnPc{sup 1-}, have been synthesized for Ln=terbium, holmium, and lutecium. Low-temperature magnetic susceptibility data for Ho(Pc){sub 2} and Tb(Pc){sub 2} show a reduction in moment from that which is expected for the lanthanide free ion value, which correlates with an antiferromagnetic exchange between the lanthanide {ital f} electrons and the phthalocyaninato ligand radical electron. The {ital g} factors determined from least-squares fitting of the Curie--Weiss law to the magnetic data show excellent agreement to the {ital g} factors calculated for the strongly coupled state. Magnetic moments calculated from the experimentally determined Curie constants are also in good agreement with those expected for the strongly coupled state. Low-temperature magnetic susceptibility data for Lu(Pc){sub 2} follows the Curie--Weiss law with a limiting moment of 1.8 {mu}{sub {ital B}} at 100 K. Since lutecium has a {sup 1}{ital S}{sub 0} ground state, only the phthalocyanine(1-) ligand would be expected to contribute to the magnetic susceptibility in this system. Room-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance measurements show no transitions at or near {ital g}=2, indicative of a free radical, due to the strong antiferromagnetic coupling of the ligand radical electron with the lanthanide {ital f} electrons. In the case of LuPc{sub 2}, where no unpaired {ital f} electrons exist, a transition at {ital g}=2.00 is present.

  10. Oxidation products of calcium and strontium bis(diphenylphosphanide).

    PubMed

    Al-Shboul, Tareq M A; Volland, Gritt; Görls, Helmar; Krieck, Sven; Westerhausen, Matthias

    2012-07-16

    The tetrahydrofuran adducts [(thf)(4)M(PPh(2))(2)] (M = Ca, Sr) are air sensitive and can easily be oxidized by chalcogens. Metalation of diphenylphosphane oxide, diphenylphosphinic acid, and diphenyldithiophosphinic acid as well as salt metathetical approaches of the potassium salts with MI(2) allow the synthesis of [(thf)(4)Ca(OPPh(2))(2)] (1), [(dmso)(2)Ca(O(2)PPh(2))(2)] (2), [(thf)(3)Ca(O(2)PPh(2))I](2) (3), [(thf)(3)Ca(S(2)PPh(2))(2)] (4), [(thf)(2)Ca(Se(2)PPh(2))(2)] (5), [(thf)(3)Sr(S(2)PPh(2))(2)] (6), [(thf)(3)Sr(Se(2)PPh(2))(2)] (7), and [(thf)(2)Ca(O(2)PPh(2))(S(2)PPh(2))](2) (8), respectively. The diphenylphosphinite anion in 1 contains a phosphorus atom in a trigonal pyramidal environment and binds terminally via the oxygen atom to calcium. The diphenylphosphinate anions act as bridging ligands leading to polymeric structures of calcium bis(diphenylphosphinates). Therefore strong Lewis bases such as dimethylsulfoxide (dmso) are required to recrystallize this complex yielding chain-like 2. The chain structure can also be cut into smaller units by ligands which avoid bridging positions such as iodide and diphenyldithiophosphinate (3 and 8, respectively). In general, diphenyldithio- and -diselenophosphinate anions act as terminal ligands and allow the isolation of mononuclear complexes 4 to 7. In these molecules the alkaline earth metals show coordination numbers of six (5) and seven (4, 6, and 7). PMID:22725251

  11. New Ir Bis-Carbonyl Precursor for Water Oxidation Catalysis.

    PubMed

    Huang, Daria L; Beltrán-Suito, Rodrigo; Thomsen, Julianne M; Hashmi, Sara M; Materna, Kelly L; Sheehan, Stafford W; Mercado, Brandon Q; Brudvig, Gary W; Crabtree, Robert H

    2016-03-01

    This paper introduces Ir(I)(CO)2(pyalc) (pyalc = (2-pyridyl)-2-propanoate) as an atom-efficient precursor for Ir-based homogeneous oxidation catalysis. This compound was chosen to simplify analysis of the water oxidation catalyst species formed by the previously reported Cp*Ir(III)(pyalc)OH water oxidation precatalyst. Here, we present a comparative study on the chemical and catalytic properties of these two precursors. Previous studies show that oxidative activation of Cp*Ir-based precursors with NaIO4 results in formation of a blue Ir(IV) species. This activation is concomitant with the loss of the placeholder Cp* ligand which oxidatively degrades to form acetic acid, iodate, and other obligatory byproducts. The activation process requires substantial amounts of primary oxidant, and the degradation products complicate analysis of the resulting Ir(IV) species. The species formed from oxidation of the Ir(CO)2(pyalc) precursor, on the other hand, lacks these degradation products (the CO ligands are easily lost upon oxidation) which allows for more detailed examination of the resulting Ir(pyalc) active species both catalytically and spectroscopically, although complete structural analysis is still elusive. Once Ir(CO)2(pyalc) is activated, the system requires acetic acid or acetate to prevent the formation of nanoparticles. Investigation of the activated bis-carbonyl complex also suggests several Ir(pyalc) isomers may exist in solution. By (1)H NMR, activated Ir(CO)2(pyalc) has fewer isomers than activated Cp*Ir complexes, allowing for advanced characterization. Future research in this direction is expected to contribute to a better structural understanding of the active species. A diol crystallization agent was needed for the structure determination of 3. PMID:26901517

  12. Comparison between von Willebrand factor (VWF) and VWF antigen II in normal individuals and patients with von Willebrand disease.

    PubMed

    de Romeuf, C; Mazurier, C

    1998-07-01

    Von Willebrand disease is characterised by a quantitative (type 1) or qualitative (type 2) decrease in von Willebrand factor (vWF) a multimeric glycoprotein involved in primary haemostasis. The propeptide of von Willebrand, also named vWF antigen II (vWF:AgII), is released from platelets and endothelial cells and circulates in plasma as a glycoprotein of 100 kD. In the present study, we attempted to determine whether vWF:AgII level may provide information on the synthesis of vWF, specially in patients with von Willebrand disease (vWD). To elucidate that point, we developed an ELISA and quantify the vWF:AgII in normal individuals and in various vWD patients. The propeptide molar concentration was found to be 5 nM as compared to 31 nM for mature vWF. In normal individuals, the level of vWF:AgII was significantly decreased in females from O and A blood groups. In type 2 vWD patients the level of plasma vWF:AgII appears normal in the patients with normal level of platelet vWF. In type 2 B vWD characterised by increased affinity of mature vWF for platelet glycoprotein Ib, the vWF:AgII in contrast to the vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) was not decreased. In type 2A vWD patients the level of vWF:AgII was decreased in patients with absence of high molecular weight vWF in platelets and plasma but normal in patients with increased sensitivity to proteolysis. Finally, in type 1 vWD, some studied patients have a parallel decrease in vWF:AgII and vWF:Ag whereas in others, the vWF:Ag levels were much more affected than corresponding vWF:AgII levels, as observed in some type 2 vWD patients. Thus, in contrast to that already described, the plasma vWF:AgII level cannot discriminate type 1 from type 2 vWD patients. We conclude that the vWF:AgII measurement provides additional information on the mechanisms responsible for vWD and might also contribute to the classification of vWD patients. PMID:9684782

  13. Single-molecule kinetics and footprinting of DNA bis-intercalation: the paradigmatic case of Thiocoraline

    PubMed Central

    Camunas-Soler, Joan; Manosas, Maria; Frutos, Silvia; Tulla-Puche, Judit; Albericio, Fernando; Ritort, Felix

    2015-01-01

    DNA bis-intercalators are widely used in molecular biology with applications ranging from DNA imaging to anticancer pharmacology. Two fundamental aspects of these ligands are the lifetime of the bis-intercalated complexes and their sequence selectivity. Here, we perform single-molecule optical tweezers experiments with the peptide Thiocoraline showing, for the first time, that bis-intercalation is driven by a very slow off-rate that steeply decreases with applied force. This feature reveals the existence of a long-lived (minutes) mono-intercalated intermediate that contributes to the extremely long lifetime of the complex (hours). We further exploit this particularly slow kinetics to determine the thermodynamics of binding and persistence length of bis-intercalated DNA for a given fraction of bound ligand, a measurement inaccessible in previous studies of faster intercalating agents. We also develop a novel single-molecule footprinting technique based on DNA unzipping and determine the preferred binding sites of Thiocoraline with one base-pair resolution. This fast and radiolabelling-free footprinting technique provides direct access to the binding sites of small ligands to nucleic acids without the need of cleavage agents. Overall, our results provide new insights into the binding pathway of bis-intercalators and the reported selectivity might be of relevance for this and other anticancer drugs interfering with DNA replication and transcription in carcinogenic cell lines. PMID:25690887

  14. Sequential one-pot synthesis of bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides: Evaluation of antibacterial and anticancer activities.

    PubMed

    Tantak, Mukund P; Gupta, Vishakha; Nikhil, Kumar; Arun, V; Singh, Rajnish Prakash; Jha, Prabhat Nath; Shah, Kavita; Kumar, Dalip

    2016-07-01

    A series of bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides 10a-n has been designed and synthesized. In situ generated indole-3-glyoxalylchloride from the reaction of readily available indole 9 with oxalyl chloride was treated with tryptamine to produce bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides 10a-n in 82-93% yields. All the synthesized bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides were well characterized and tested for their antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains. Compounds 10d, 10g and 10i were found to display potent antibacterial activity against Gram-negative strain. Further, the cytotoxicity of bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides 10a-n were evaluated against a panel of human cancer cell lines. Of the screened analogues, compound 10f (IC50=22.34μM; HeLa, 24.05μM; PC-3, 21.13μM; MDA-MB-231 and 29.94μM; BxPC-3) was identified as the most potent analogue of the series. Exposure of PC-3 cells to either 10a or 10f resulted in increased levels of cleaved PARP1, indicating that bis(indolyl)glyoxylamides induce apoptosis in PC-3 cells. Most importantly, compounds 10d, 10g and 10i were completely ineffective in mammalian cells, suggesting that they target bacterial-specific targets and thus will not display any toxicity in host cells. PMID:27173802

  15. Single-molecule kinetics and footprinting of DNA bis-intercalation: the paradigmatic case of Thiocoraline.

    PubMed

    Camunas-Soler, Joan; Manosas, Maria; Frutos, Silvia; Tulla-Puche, Judit; Albericio, Fernando; Ritort, Felix

    2015-03-11

    DNA bis-intercalators are widely used in molecular biology with applications ranging from DNA imaging to anticancer pharmacology. Two fundamental aspects of these ligands are the lifetime of the bis-intercalated complexes and their sequence selectivity. Here, we perform single-molecule optical tweezers experiments with the peptide Thiocoraline showing, for the first time, that bis-intercalation is driven by a very slow off-rate that steeply decreases with applied force. This feature reveals the existence of a long-lived (minutes) mono-intercalated intermediate that contributes to the extremely long lifetime of the complex (hours). We further exploit this particularly slow kinetics to determine the thermodynamics of binding and persistence length of bis-intercalated DNA for a given fraction of bound ligand, a measurement inaccessible in previous studies of faster intercalating agents. We also develop a novel single-molecule footprinting technique based on DNA unzipping and determine the preferred binding sites of Thiocoraline with one base-pair resolution. This fast and radiolabelling-free footprinting technique provides direct access to the binding sites of small ligands to nucleic acids without the need of cleavage agents. Overall, our results provide new insights into the binding pathway of bis-intercalators and the reported selectivity might be of relevance for this and other anticancer drugs interfering with DNA replication and transcription in carcinogenic cell lines. PMID:25690887

  16. Structural mechanism of RuBisCO activation by carbamylation of the active site lysine

    PubMed Central

    Stec, Boguslaw

    2012-01-01

    Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) is a crucial enzyme in carbon fixation and the most abundant protein on earth. It has been studied extensively by biochemical and structural methods; however, the most essential activation step has not yet been described. Here, we describe the mechanistic details of Lys carbamylation that leads to RuBisCO activation by atmospheric CO2. We report two crystal structures of nitrosylated RuBisCO from the red algae Galdieria sulphuraria with O2 and CO2 bound at the active site. G. sulphuraria RuBisCO is inhibited by cysteine nitrosylation that results in trapping of these gaseous ligands. The structure with CO2 defines an elusive, preactivation complex that contains a metal cation Mg2+ surrounded by three H2O/OH molecules. Both structures suggest the mechanism for discriminating gaseous ligands by their quadrupole electric moments. We describe conformational changes that allow for intermittent binding of the metal ion required for activation. On the basis of these structures we propose the individual steps of the activation mechanism. Knowledge of all these elements is indispensable for engineering RuBisCO into a more efficient enzyme for crop enhancement or as a remedy to global warming. PMID:23112176

  17. Bis-GMA affects craniofacial development in zebrafish embryos (Danio rerio).

    PubMed

    Kramer, Alexander G; Vuthiganon, Jompobe; Lassiter, Christopher S

    2016-04-01

    Estrogen is a steroid hormone that is vital in vertebrate development and plays a role in a variety of developmental processes including cartilage and craniofacial formation. The effects of estrogen can be mimicked by other compounds found in the environment known as xenoestrogens. Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a known xenoestrogen and is combined with glycidyl methacrylate to make Bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA), a major component in dental resin based composites (RBCs). Bis-GMA based RBCs can release their components into the saliva and bloodstream. Exposure to 1μM and 10μM Bis-GMA in Danio rerio embryos results in increased mortality of approximately 30% and 45% respectively. Changes to gross morphology, specifically craniofacial abnormalities, were seen at concentrations as low as 10nM. While the molecular pathways of Bis-GMA effects have not been studied extensively, more is known about one of the components, BPA. Further research of Bis-GMA could lead to a better understanding of xenoestrogenic activity resulting in improved public and environmental health. PMID:26994444

  18. Development of molecular photoswitch with very fast photoresponse based on asymmetrical bis-azospiropyran

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nourmohammadian, Farahnaz; Abdi, Ali Ashtiani

    2016-01-01

    To study the effects of an extended bis-azo conjugated bridge with two different photochemical functions on a molecule in photochromic responses, a novel asymmetrical bifunctional bis-azo spiropyran photochromic dye was designed and synthesized. The obtained photoresponses were compared with symmetrical bifunctional bis-azo spiropyran analogues, and relative mono-azo and simple spiropyrans. Colourimetric behaviour, luminescence, and switching kinetics of all the dyes were studied. The largest molar absorption coefficient in merocyanine form, quickest response to light, and highest fluorescence quantum yield of the spiropyran form with a superior ratio of emission intensities of spiropyran to merocyanine form were achieved for the asymmetric bis-azospiropyran. Solvatochromic effect was studied to observe the solvent effects on non-irradiation colouration of the photochromic dyes. Furthermore, The molecular energy levels for optimized geometries of the synthesized bis-azospiropyrans and their probable photochemical products were obtained at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory.

  19. Neutral-ligand complexes of bis(imino)pyridine iron: synthesis, structure, and spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Bart, Suzanne C; Lobkovsky, Emil; Bill, Eckhard; Wieghardt, Karl; Chirik, Paul J

    2007-08-20

    A family of bis(imino)pyridine iron neutral-ligand derivatives, ((iPr)PDI)FeL(n) ((iPr)PDI = 2,6-(2,6-iPr2-C6H3N=CMe)2C6H3N), has been synthesized from the corresponding bis(dinitrogen) complex, ((iPr)PDI)Fe(N2)2. When L is a strong-field ligand such as tBuNC or a chelating alkyl diphosphine such as DEPE (DEPE = 1,2-bis(diethylphosphino)ethane), a five-coordinate, diamagnetic compound results with no spectroscopic evidence for mixing of paramagnetic states. Reducing the field strength of the neutral donor to principally sigma-type ligands such as tBuNH2 or THT (THT = tetrahydrothiophene) also yielded diamagnetic compounds. However, the 1H NMR chemical shifts of the in-plane bis(imino)pyridine hydrogens exhibit a large chemical shift dispersion indicative of temperature-independent paramagnetism (TIP) arising from mixing of an S = 1 excited state via spin-orbit coupling. Metrical data from X-ray diffraction establish bis(imino)pyridine chelate reduction for each structural type, while Mössbauer parameters and NMR spectroscopic data differentiate the spin states of the iron and identify contributions from paramagnetic excited states. PMID:17655227

  20. Chemical bath deposition of Cu3BiS3 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deshmukh S., G.; Panchal A., K.; Vipul, Kheraj

    2016-05-01

    First time, copper bismuth sulfide (Cu3BiS3) thin films were synthesized on the glass substrate using simple, low-cost chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique. The synthesized parameters such as temperature of bath, pH and concentration of precursors were optimized for the deposition of uniform, well adherent Cu3BiS3 thin films. The optical, surface morphology and structural properties of the Cu3BiS3 thin films were studied using UV-VIS-NIR spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The as- synthesized Cu3BiS3 film exhibits a direct band gap 1.56 to 1.58 eV having absorption coefficient of the order of 105 cm-1. The XRD declares the amorphous nature of the films. SEM images shows films were composed of close-packed fine spherical nanoparticles of 70-80 nm in diameter. The chemical composition of the film was almost stoichiometric. The optical study indicates that the Cu3BiS3 films can be applied as an absorber layer for thin film solar cells.

  1. Variation in BAS-BIS profiles across categories of cigarette use.

    PubMed

    Baumann, Michael R; Oviatt, David; Garza, Raymond T; Gonzalez-Blanks, Ana G; Lopez, Stella G; Alexander-Delpech, Paula; Beason, Ferrona A; Petrova, Vanya I; Hale, Willie J

    2014-10-01

    Cigarette smoking is a major health concern, especially among college students. Research suggests a number of individual difference variables may be useful for identifying people at risk of becoming smokers and their likelihood of successfully quitting. The current study focuses on individual differences relating to Behavioral Inhibition System sensitivity (BIS) and the fun seeking, reward responsiveness, and drive aspects of Behavioral Approach System sensitivity (BAS). The former relates to mitigation of potential threat, whereas the latter three relate to different motivations for approach. Noting that existing literature suggests the considerations influencing whether a person experiments with cigarettes differ from those influencing who becomes a habitual smoker which in turn differ from those influencing whether a person quits smoking, we hypothesized that never smokers, experimenters, smokers, and former smokers would differ from each other on BIS, fun seeking, reward responsiveness, and drive in predictable ways. Moreover, we predicted these groups would differ from each other in terms of member profiles across these four variables. We assessed these predictions in a sample of college students from geographically diverse institutions within the United States (N=1840). The profile for never smokers was characterized by high BIS and low fun seeking, that of experimenters by moderately high BIS, high fun seeking, and moderate reward responsiveness, and that of former smokers by moderate BIS, high fun seeking, high reward responsiveness, and high drive. Contrary to expectations, current smokers were low on all four of these characteristics. PMID:24949948

  2. Depletion of abundant plant RuBisCO protein using the protamine sulfate precipitation method.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yu Ji; Lee, Hye Min; Wang, Yiming; Wu, Jingni; Kim, Sang Gon; Kang, Kyu Young; Park, Ki Hun; Kim, Yong Chul; Choi, In Soo; Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar; Rakwal, Randeep; Kim, Sun Tae

    2013-07-01

    Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) is the most abundant plant leaf protein, hampering deep analysis of the leaf proteome. Here, we describe a novel protamine sulfate precipitation (PSP) method for the depletion of RuBisCO. For this purpose, soybean leaf total proteins were extracted using Tris-Mg/NP-40 extraction buffer. Obtained clear supernatant was subjected to the PSP method, followed by 13% SDS-PAGE analysis of total, PS-supernatant and -precipitation derived protein samples. In a dose-dependent experiment, 0.1% w/v PS was found to be sufficient for precipitating RuBisCO large and small subunits (LSU and SSU). Western blot analysis confirmed no detection of RuBisCO LSU in the PS-supernatant proteins. Application of this method to Arabidopsis, rice, and maize leaf proteins revealed results similar to soybean. Furthermore, 2DE analyses of PS-treated soybean leaf displayed enriched protein profile for the protein sample derived from the PS-supernatant than total proteins. Some enriched 2D spots were subjected to MALDI-TOF-TOF analysis and were successfully assigned for their protein identity. Hence, the PSP method is: (i) simple, fast, economical, and reproducible for RuBisCO precipitation from the plant leaf sample; (ii) applicable to both dicot and monocot plants; and (iii) suitable for downstream proteomics analysis. PMID:23576416

  3. Development of molecular photoswitch with very fast photoresponse based on asymmetrical bis-azospiropyran.

    PubMed

    Nourmohammadian, Farahnaz; Abdi, Ali Ashtiani

    2016-01-15

    To study the effects of an extended bis-azo conjugated bridge with two different photochemical functions on a molecule in photochromic responses, a novel asymmetrical bifunctional bis-azo spiropyran photochromic dye was designed and synthesized. The obtained photoresponses were compared with symmetrical bifunctional bis-azo spiropyran analogues, and relative mono-azo and simple spiropyrans. Colourimetric behaviour, luminescence, and switching kinetics of all the dyes were studied. The largest molar absorption coefficient in merocyanine form, quickest response to light, and highest fluorescence quantum yield of the spiropyran form with a superior ratio of emission intensities of spiropyran to merocyanine form were achieved for the asymmetric bis-azospiropyran. Solvatochromic effect was studied to observe the solvent effects on non-irradiation colouration of the photochromic dyes. Furthermore, The molecular energy levels for optimized geometries of the synthesized bis-azospiropyrans and their probable photochemical products were obtained at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory. PMID:26296250

  4. von Willebrand factor, Jedi knight of the bloodstream.

    PubMed

    Springer, Timothy A

    2014-08-28

    When blood vessels are cut, the forces in the bloodstream increase and change character. The dark side of these forces causes hemorrhage and death. However, von Willebrand factor (VWF), with help from our circulatory system and platelets, harnesses the same forces to form a hemostatic plug. Force and VWF function are so closely intertwined that, like members of the Jedi Order in the movie Star Wars who learn to use "the Force" to do good, VWF may be considered the Jedi knight of the bloodstream. The long length of VWF enables responsiveness to flow. The shape of VWF is predicted to alter from irregularly coiled to extended thread-like in the transition from shear to elongational flow at sites of hemostasis and thrombosis. Elongational force propagated through the length of VWF in its thread-like shape exposes its monomers for multimeric binding to platelets and subendothelium and likely also increases affinity of the A1 domain for platelets. Specialized domains concatenate and compact VWF during biosynthesis. A2 domain unfolding by hydrodynamic force enables postsecretion regulation of VWF length. Mutations in VWF in von Willebrand disease contribute to and are illuminated by VWF biology. I attempt to integrate classic studies on the physiology of hemostatic plug formation into modern molecular understanding, and point out what remains to be learned. PMID:24928861

  5. The von Neumann model of measurement in quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect

    Mello, Pier A.

    2014-01-08

    We describe how to obtain information on a quantum-mechanical system by coupling it to a probe and detecting some property of the latter, using a model introduced by von Neumann, which describes the interaction of the system proper with the probe in a dynamical way. We first discuss single measurements, where the system proper is coupled to one probe with arbitrary coupling strength. The goal is to obtain information on the system detecting the probe position. We find the reduced density operator of the system, and show how Lüders rule emerges as the limiting case of strong coupling. The von Neumann model is then generalized to two probes that interact successively with the system proper. Now we find information on the system by detecting the position-position and momentum-position correlations of the two probes. The so-called 'Wigner's formula' emerges in the strong-coupling limit, while 'Kirkwood's quasi-probability distribution' is found as the weak-coupling limit of the above formalism. We show that successive measurements can be used to develop a state-reconstruction scheme. Finally, we find a generalized transform of the state and the observables based on the notion of successive measurements.

  6. Renaturierung von Ökosystemen in urban-industriellen Landschaften

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rebele, Franz

    Die Urbanisierung ist ein weltweit stattfindender Prozess mit weitreichenden Auswirkungen auf Mensch und Natur. In Mitteleuropa leben heute etwa 80% aller Bewohner in Städten. Urban-industrielle Landschaften gehören deshalb zur unmittelbaren Lebensumwelt der meisten Menschen. Allein in Deutschland wird heute täglich eine Fläche von 120 ha neu für Siedlungs- und Verkehrszwecke in Anspruch genommen. Zu den Siedlungs- und Verkehrsflächen zählen Gebäude-und gebäudebezogene Freiflächen, Verkehrsflächen, Erholungsflächen und Friedhöfe sowie Betriebsflächen für Industrie und Gewerbe. Nicht enthalten sind Tagebauflächen zum Abbau von Bodenschätzen (Kapitel 13). In Deutschland liegt der Anteil der Siedlungs- und Verkehrsflächen an der Gesamtfläche derzeit bei ca. 13%, in Österreich bei 5 % und in der Schweiz bei knapp 7 %. Charakteristisch für die heutige Entwicklung in Mitteleuropa ist, dass die Prozesse der Urbanisierung und der Flächeninanspruchnahme für Siedlung und Verkehr nicht ursächlich mit einem Bevölkerungswachstum verbunden sind, d. h. dass Freiflächen auch bei stagnierender oder in manchen Regionen sogar bei sinkender Einwohnerzahl bebaut werden.

  7. [Richard von Volkmann, one career of orthopaedic surgeon and poet].

    PubMed

    Bumbasirević, M; Lesić, A; Sudjić, V; Zagorac, S

    2010-01-01

    Richard von Volkman was one of the most famous and important surgeons in the 19th century. He pioneered antiseptic procedures and was especially known for his achivements in orthopedic surgery. Von Volkmann was born in Leipzig, Germany and attended medical schools in Giessen, Halle, and Berlin. Starting in 1867, he worked as a professor of surgery at the University of Halle, also leading its surgical clinic. He was active as a surgeon during Seven Weeks' War with Austria in 1866 and the Franco-Prussian war 1870/1871, in the latter as consulting Generalarzt. He was important in the introduction of antiseptic wound treatment in Germany, and through it to the United States of America. Two observations in orthopaedic surgery bear his name to these days: Volkmans contracture and Heuter-Volkmans low. Volkmann also wrote poetry under the name Richard Leander and his book entitled "Dreams by French Firesides" which still has a place in literature. He died of paralysis due to a chronic spinal disease, following a prolonged illness, in the Binswanger institution in Jena in 1889, at the top of his careere. PMID:20954309

  8. Prophylaxis in von Willebrand Disease: Coming of Age?

    PubMed

    Saccullo, Giorgia; Makris, Mike

    2016-07-01

    Although in most cases von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a mild disorder, a subgroup of patients experience frequent bleeding. In contrast to severe hemophilia in which prophylaxis is the accepted standard of care, this is less frequently used in VWD. Most type 1 VWD patients can be adequately managed with episodic desmopressin and tranexamic acid. In patients with more severe disease, especially those with type 3 VWD, joint bleeds, epistaxis, menorrhagia, and gastrointestinal bleeding are problematic and usually require treatment with von Willebrand factor/factor VIII (VWF/FVIII) concentrate. While in the past these patients were managed with on-demand VWF/FVIII concentrate, several recent reports have demonstrated the value of prophylactic treatment. Despite some uncertainties about the economic impact of treatment of severe VWD, prophylaxis with VWF concentrate should now be considered as the standard of care for the more severe end of the spectrum of affected individuals. The recent introduction of recombinant VWF concentrate is likely to improve the acceptability of prophylaxis in VWD. PMID:27253087

  9. von Willebrand factor, Jedi knight of the bloodstream

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    When blood vessels are cut, the forces in the bloodstream increase and change character. The dark side of these forces causes hemorrhage and death. However, von Willebrand factor (VWF), with help from our circulatory system and platelets, harnesses the same forces to form a hemostatic plug. Force and VWF function are so closely intertwined that, like members of the Jedi Order in the movie Star Wars who learn to use “the Force” to do good, VWF may be considered the Jedi knight of the bloodstream. The long length of VWF enables responsiveness to flow. The shape of VWF is predicted to alter from irregularly coiled to extended thread-like in the transition from shear to elongational flow at sites of hemostasis and thrombosis. Elongational force propagated through the length of VWF in its thread-like shape exposes its monomers for multimeric binding to platelets and subendothelium and likely also increases affinity of the A1 domain for platelets. Specialized domains concatenate and compact VWF during biosynthesis. A2 domain unfolding by hydrodynamic force enables postsecretion regulation of VWF length. Mutations in VWF in von Willebrand disease contribute to and are illuminated by VWF biology. I attempt to integrate classic studies on the physiology of hemostatic plug formation into modern molecular understanding, and point out what remains to be learned. PMID:24928861

  10. Von Braun Rocket Team at Fort Bliss, Texas

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1940-01-01

    The German Rocket Team, also known as the Von Braun Rocket Team, poses for a group photograph at Fort Bliss, Texas. After World War II ended in 1945, Dr. Wernher von Braun led some 120 of his Peenemuende Colleagues, who developed the V-2 rocket for the German military during the War, to the United Sttes under a contract to the U.S. Army Corps as part of Operation Paperclip. During the following five years the team worked on high altitude firings of the captured V-2 rockets at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, and a guided missile development unit at Fort Bliss, Texas. In April 1950, the group was transferred to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, and continued to work on the development of the guided missiles for the U.S. Army until transferring to a newly established field center of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA), George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

  11. Superfluid high REynolds von Kármán experiment.

    PubMed

    Rousset, B; Bonnay, P; Diribarne, P; Girard, A; Poncet, J M; Herbert, E; Salort, J; Baudet, C; Castaing, B; Chevillard, L; Daviaud, F; Dubrulle, B; Gagne, Y; Gibert, M; Hébral, B; Lehner, Th; Roche, P-E; Saint-Michel, B; Bon Mardion, M

    2014-10-01

    The Superfluid High REynolds von Kármán experiment facility exploits the capacities of a high cooling power refrigerator (400 W at 1.8 K) for a large dimension von Kármán flow (inner diameter 0.78 m), which can work with gaseous or subcooled liquid (He-I or He-II) from room temperature down to 1.6 K. The flow is produced between two counter-rotating or co-rotating disks. The large size of the experiment allows exploration of ultra high Reynolds numbers based on Taylor microscale and rms velocity [S. B. Pope, Turbulent Flows (Cambridge University Press, 2000)] (Rλ > 10000) or resolution of the dissipative scale for lower Re. This article presents the design and first performance of this apparatus. Measurements carried out in the first runs of the facility address the global flow behavior: calorimetric measurement of the dissipation, torque and velocity measurements on the two turbines. Moreover first local measurements (micro-Pitot, hot wire,…) have been installed and are presented. PMID:25362417

  12. Attractors and Long Time Behavior of von Karman Thermoelastic Plates

    SciTech Connect

    Chueshov, Igor Lasiecka, Irena

    2008-10-15

    This paper undertakes a study of asymptotic behavior of solutions corresponding to von Karman thermoelastic plates. A distinct feature of the work is that the model considered has no added dissipation-particularly mechanical dissipation typically added to plate equation when long time-behavior is considered. Thus, the model consists of undamped oscillatory plate equation strongly coupled with heat equation. Nevertheless we are able to show that the ultimate (asymptotic) behavior of the von Karman evolution is described by finite dimensional global attractor. In addition, the obtained estimate for the dimension and the size of the attractor are independent of the rotational inertia parameter {gamma} and heat/thermal capacity {kappa}, where the former is known to change the character of dynamics from hyperbolic ({gamma}>0) to parabolic like ({gamma}=0). Other properties of attractors such as additional smoothness and upper-semicontinuity with respect to parameters {gamma} and {kappa} are also established. The main ingredients of the proofs are (i) sharp regularity of Airy's stress function, and (ii) newly developed (Chueshov and Lasiecka in Memoirs of AMS, in press) 'compensated' compactness methods applicable to non-compact dynamics.

  13. Superfluid high REynolds von Kármán experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousset, B.; Bonnay, P.; Diribarne, P.; Girard, A.; Poncet, J. M.; Herbert, E.; Salort, J.; Baudet, C.; Castaing, B.; Chevillard, L.; Daviaud, F.; Dubrulle, B.; Gagne, Y.; Gibert, M.; Hébral, B.; Lehner, Th.; Roche, P.-E.; Saint-Michel, B.; Bon Mardion, M.

    2014-10-01

    The Superfluid High REynolds von Kármán experiment facility exploits the capacities of a high cooling power refrigerator (400 W at 1.8 K) for a large dimension von Kármán flow (inner diameter 0.78 m), which can work with gaseous or subcooled liquid (He-I or He-II) from room temperature down to 1.6 K. The flow is produced between two counter-rotating or co-rotating disks. The large size of the experiment allows exploration of ultra high Reynolds numbers based on Taylor microscale and rms velocity [S. B. Pope, Turbulent Flows (Cambridge University Press, 2000)] (Rλ > 10000) or resolution of the dissipative scale for lower Re. This article presents the design and first performance of this apparatus. Measurements carried out in the first runs of the facility address the global flow behavior: calorimetric measurement of the dissipation, torque and velocity measurements on the two turbines. Moreover first local measurements (micro-Pitot, hot wire,…) have been installed and are presented.

  14. Acquired von Willebrand syndrome associated with left ventricular assist device.

    PubMed

    Nascimbene, Angelo; Neelamegham, Sriram; Frazier, O H; Moake, Joel L; Dong, Jing-Fei

    2016-06-23

    Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) provide cardiac support for patients with end-stage heart disease as either bridge or destination therapy, and have significantly improved the survival of these patients. Whereas earlier models were designed to mimic the human heart by producing a pulsatile flow in parallel with the patient's heart, newer devices, which are smaller and more durable, provide continuous blood flow along an axial path using an internal rotor in the blood. However, device-related hemostatic complications remain common and have negatively affected patients' recovery and quality of life. In most patients, the von Willebrand factor (VWF) rapidly loses large multimers and binds poorly to platelets and subendothelial collagen upon LVAD implantation, leading to the term acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS). These changes in VWF structure and adhesive activity recover quickly upon LVAD explantation and are not observed in patients with heart transplant. The VWF defects are believed to be caused by excessive cleavage of large VWF multimers by the metalloprotease ADAMTS-13 in an LVAD-driven circulation. However, evidence that this mechanism could be the primary cause for the loss of large VWF multimers and LVAD-associated bleeding remains circumstantial. This review discusses changes in VWF reactivity found in patients on LVAD support. It specifically focuses on impacts of LVAD-related mechanical stress on VWF structural stability and adhesive reactivity in exploring multiple causes of AVWS and LVAD-associated hemostatic complications. PMID:27143258

  15. Massive postoperative intramuscular bleeding in acquired von Willebrand's disease.

    PubMed

    Krebs, M; Meyer, B; Quehenberger, P; Turecek, P L; Hejna, M; Sperr, W R; Lechner, K; Pabinger, I

    2002-07-01

    We describe a case of acquired von Willebrand's disease (vWD) associated with monoclonal gammopathy with undetermined significance (MGUS) in a 54-year-old man who was admitted with hemarthrosis and extensive thigh muscle hematoma following arthroscopic surgery and postoperative prophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin. Coagulation tests were compatible with acquired vWD: prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) (56.1 s), decreased levels of factor VIII coagulant activity (23%), low concentrations of von Willebrand's factor (vWF) antigen (13%), and undetectable ristocetin cofactor activity (<10%). Infusion of a vWF-containing factor VIII concentrate failed to normalize the plasma levels of vWF-related parameters. Only additional intravenous administration of immunoglobulins led to a transient normalization of ristocetin cofactor activity, vWF antigen, and factor VIII coagulant activity. While the spontaneous bleeding tendency in this case was mild, surgery and administration of prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin led to life-threatening bleeding. PMID:12185511

  16. von Willebrand disease: advances in pathogenetic understanding, diagnosis, and therapy

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common autosomally inherited bleeding disorder. The disease represents a range of quantitative and qualitative pathologies of the adhesive glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF). The pathogenic mechanisms responsible for the type 2 qualitative variants of VWF are now well characterized, with most mutations representing missense substitutions influencing VWF multimer structure and interactions with platelet GPIbα and collagen and with factor VIII. The molecular pathology of type 3 VWD has been similarly well characterized, with an array of different mutation types producing either a null phenotype or the production of VWF that is not secreted. In contrast, the pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for type 1 VWD remain only partially resolved. In the hemostasis laboratory, the measurement of VWF:Ag and VWF:RCo are key components in the diagnostic algorithm for VWD, although the introduction of direct GPIbα-binding assays may become the functional assay of choice. Molecular genetic testing can provide additional benefit, but its utility is currently limited to type 2 and 3 VWD. The treatment of bleeding in VWD involves the use of desmopressin and plasma-derived VWF concentrates and a variety of adjunctive agents. Finally, a new recombinant VWF concentrate has just completed clinical trial evaluation and has demonstrated excellent hemostatic efficacy and safety. PMID:24065240

  17. Mutations in the D1 domain of von Willebrand factor impair their propeptide-dependent multimerization, intracellular trafficking and secretion.

    PubMed

    Yin, Jie; Ma, Zhenni; Su, Jian; Wang, Jiong-Wei; Zhao, Xiaojuan; Ling, Jing; Bai, Xia; Ouyang, Wanyan; Wang, Zhaoyue; Yu, Ziqiang; Ruan, Changgeng

    2015-01-01

    We identified three novel mutations (p.Gly39Arg, p.Lys157Glu, p.Cys379Gly) and one previously known mutation (p.Asp141Asn) in the von Willebrand factor propeptide from three von Willebrand disease patients. All four mutations impaired multimerization of von Willebrand factor, due to reduced oxidoreductase activity of isomeric propeptide. These mutations resulted in the endothelial reticulum retention and impaired basal and stimulated secretions of von Willebrand factor. Our results support that the mutations in the D1 domain lead to defective multimerization, intracellular trafficking, and secretion of von Willebrand factor and result in bleeding of patients. PMID:26088471

  18. Phase equilibrium of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate/water/n-heptane/sodium chloride microemulsion

    SciTech Connect

    Shioi, Akihisada; Harada, Makoto; Matsumoto, Keishi )

    1991-09-19

    The microemulsion phase diagram for the sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (SDEHP)/water/n-heptane/sodium chloride system is reported. The salinity effects on the phase diagram are discussed in detail. Cylindrical aggregates were found to exist in the oil-rich region and disklike aggregates in the brine-rich region. The middle-phase microemulsion in equilibrium with both the excess brine and oil phases was concluded to be composed of these microstructures. Sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate has a common hydrocarbon tail with sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT), but the phase equilibrium and the structures of the microemulsion phases in SDEHP system were much different from those in the AOT case. The differences were attributed to those in the shapes of aggregates for the two cases.

  19. Syntheses, spectroscopic properties and stereochemistry of bis-C-pivot macrocycles with two dialkyl phosphonate groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bilge, Selen; Kılıç, Zeynel; Davies, David B.

    2011-10-01

    Bis-C-pivot macrocycles containing dimethyl ( 1a, 2a) or diethyl phosphonate ( 1b, 2b) groups have been prepared by adding dimethyl or diethyl phosphite to two -CH dbnd N bonds in corresponding dibenzo-bis-imino crown ethers ( 1 and 2). Bis-C-pivot macrocycles possess two equivalent stereogenic centres giving rise to diastereoisomers ( meso and racemate). The structures were characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, MS, TGA, DSC and NMR measurements. 1H, 13C and 31P NMR assignments were made for the isolated meso form of compounds 2a and 2b and for the meso and racemic forms of compounds 1a and 1b by analysis of chemical shifts, signal intensities and splitting patterns and the DEPT and 2D HETCOR NMR techniques. Thermal analysis and 1H NMR showed that the crystallised form of compound 1a contained an equimolar amount of water of crystallisation.

  20. Antifungal dibenzofuran bis(bibenzyl)s from the liverwort Asterella angusta.

    PubMed

    Qu, Jianbo; Xie, Chunfeng; Guo, Huaifang; Yu, Wentao; Lou, Hongxiang

    2007-07-01

    Bioactivity-guided separation of an antifungal extract from the liverwort Asterella angusta afforded four bis(bibenzyl)s, asterelin A (1), asterelin B (2), 11-O-demethyl marchantin I (3), and dihydroptychantol A (4), together with six known ones. Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis (1D and 2D-NMR, MS), and that of 2 was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic diffraction analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 are the first examples of dibenzofuran bis(bibenzyl)s. The antifungal activity of the isolated bis(bibenzyl)s against the common clinical pathogenic fungus Candida albicans was evaluated using both the thin-layer chromatography bioautographic assay and the broth microdilution method. They showed moderate antifungal activities with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 16 microg/ml to 512 microg/ml. PMID:17570447

  1. Proton transfer bis-benzazole fluors and their use in scintillator detectors

    DOEpatents

    Kauffman, J.M.

    1994-03-29

    A novel class of proton transfer, bis-benzazole, fluorescent compounds, i.e., fluors, is disclosed. The novel fluors include substituted or unsubstituted 1,4-bis(2-benzazolyl)-2-hydroxybenzenes and 1,4-bis(2-benzazolyl)-2-amidobenzenes wherein the benzazolyl group may be benzoxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzothiazolyl, and the like. The benzazolyl groups may be substituted with one or more alkyl groups to improve solubility in organic matrix materials such as solvents, monomers, resins, polymers, and the like. The novel fluors may be used in the manufacture of fluorescent coatings, objects, scintillators, light sources and the like. The novel fluors are particularly useful for radiation-hard, solid scintillators for the detection and measurement of high energy particles and radiation.

  2. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of N,N′-Bis(2-hydroxylbenzyl)-1,2-ethanediamine Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Khan, M. Omar F.; Aspedon, Arden; Cooperwood, John S.

    2010-01-01

    A series of N,N′-Bis(2-hydroxylbenzyl)-1,2-ethanediamine derivatives and its schiff bases were synthesized, characterized and screened for in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enterica. Result indicated that the ethylenediamine derivatives, N,N′-Bis(2-hydroxy-5-bromobenzyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (21), and N,N′-Bis(2-hydroxy-5-chlorobenzyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (22) showed the most favorable antimicrobial activity exhibiting LC50 of 11.6 and 8.79 μM against S.enterica, 86 and 138 μM against P. aeruginosa, and 140 and 287 μM against S. aureus, respectively. These compounds displayed highest level of resistance with S. aureus. Thus, the high level of activity seen with the compounds (21, 22) suggests that these compounds could serve as the leads for development of novel synthetic compounds with enhanced antimicrobial activity. PMID:20548968

  3. Polyfluorinated bis-styrylbenzenes as amyloid-β plaque binding ligands.

    PubMed

    Nabuurs, Rob J A; Kapoerchan, Varsha V; Metaxas, Athanasios; de Jongh, Sanne; de Backer, Maaike; Welling, Mick M; Jiskoot, Wim; Windhorst, Albert D; Overkleeft, Hermen S; van Buchem, Mark A; Overhand, Mark; van der Weerd, Louise

    2014-04-15

    Detection of cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) by targeted contrast agents remains of great interest to aid the in vivo diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Bis-styrylbenzenes have been previously reported as potential Aβ imaging agents. To further explore their potency as (19)F MRI contrast agents we synthetized several novel fluorinated bis-styrylbenzenes and studied their fluorescent properties and amyloid-β binding characteristics. The compounds showed a high affinity for Aβ plaques on murine and human brain sections. Interestingly, competitive binding experiments demonstrated that they bound to a different binding site than chrysamine G. Despite their high logP values, many bis-styrylbenzenes were able to enter the brain and label murine amyloid in vivo. Unfortunately initial post-mortem (19)F NMR studies showed that these compounds as yet do not warrant further MRI studies due to the reduction of the (19)F signal in the environment of the brain. PMID:24657049

  4. Influence of body position, food and beverage consumption on BIS measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Medrano, G.; Eitner, F.; Ismail, A. H.; Pikkemaat, R.; Cordes, A.; Floege, J.; Leonhardt, S.

    2010-04-01

    Continuous monitoring of fluid changes using bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) during hemodialysis could help to predict hypotensive complications and extend the patient's life. Food and beverage consumption during the treatment may influence the measurements and the calculated fluid removal. In the present article the change observed in whole body and segmental (knee-to-knee, abdomen) BIS measurements following a sequence similar to the one of dialysis treatment (lying down, sitting and eating, lying down) on healthy subjects is presented. The measurements have been performed using a commercial bioimpedance device with a frequency range of 5 kHz to 1 MHz. Knee-to-knee measurements seem to be less sensitive to these influences, compared to the standard whole body and the alternative abdomen BIS measurements. The results indicate that the individual influence of both body posture and food and beverage consumption may be superposed when combined.

  5. Proton transfer bis-benzazole fluors and their use in scintillator detectors

    DOEpatents

    Kauffman, Joel M.

    1994-01-01

    A novel class of proton transfer, bis-benzazole, fluorescent compounds, i.e., fluors, is disclosed. The novel fluors include substituted or unsubstituted 1,4-bis(2-benzazolyl)-2-hydroxybenzenes and 1,4-bis(2-benzazolyl)-2-amidobenzenes wherein the benzazolyl group may be benzoxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzothiazolyl, and the like. The benzazolyl groups may be substituted with one or more alkyl groups to improve solubility in organic matrix materials such as solvents, monomers, resins, polymers, and the like. The novel fluors may be used in the manufacture of fluorescent coatings, objects, scintillators, light sources and the like. The novel fluors are particularly useful for radiation-hard, solid scintillators for the detection and measurement of high energy particles and radiation.

  6. openBIS ELN-LIMS: an open-source database for academic laboratories

    PubMed Central

    Barillari, Caterina; Ottoz, Diana S. M.; Fuentes-Serna, Juan Mariano; Ramakrishnan, Chandrasekhar; Rinn, Bernd; Rudolf, Fabian

    2016-01-01

    Summary: The open-source platform openBIS (open Biology Information System) offers an Electronic Laboratory Notebook and a Laboratory Information Management System (ELN-LIMS) solution suitable for the academic life science laboratories. openBIS ELN-LIMS allows researchers to efficiently document their work, to describe materials and methods and to collect raw and analyzed data. The system comes with a user-friendly web interface where data can be added, edited, browsed and searched. Availability and implementation: The openBIS software, a user guide and a demo instance are available at https://openbis-eln-lims.ethz.ch. The demo instance contains some data from our laboratory as an example to demonstrate the possibilities of the ELN-LIMS (Ottoz et al., 2014). For rapid local testing, a VirtualBox image of the ELN-LIMS is also available. Contact: brinn@ethz.ch or fabian.rudolf@bsse.ethz.ch PMID:26508761

  7. Microwave assisted synthesis, spectroscopic studies and non linear optical properties of bis-chromophores.

    PubMed

    Khan, Salman A; Razvi, M A N; Bakry, Ahmed H; Afzal, S M; Asiri, Abdullah M; El-Daly, Samy A

    2015-02-25

    Bis chromophores were synthesized by the terephthalaldehyde with (4-nitrophenyl) acetonitrile/(4-flurophenyl) acetonitrile under microwave irradiation. Bis-chromophores were obtained in good to excellent yields. The structures of bis-chromophores were established by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, EI-MS and elemental analyses. Physical chemical properties such as singlet absorption, extinction coefficient, stokes shift, oscillator strength and dipole moment, were investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopy measurements. Further we also measured the nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficients of these compounds using the single beam z-scan technique with a cw argon ion laser at 514.5 nm at different concentrations in DMSO solvent. The third order nonlinear susceptibility was estimated from these measurements and it shows high nonlinearity. The high negative refractive index makes these compounds suitable for optical limiting application. PMID:25300042

  8. Nonsense mutations of the von Willebrand factor gene in patients with von Willebrand disease type III and type I

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Z.P.; Lindstedt, M.; Falk, G.; Blombaeck, M.; Egberg, N.; Anvret, M. )

    1992-10-01

    von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in humans. The disease is caused by qualitative and quantitative abnormalities of the von Willebrand factor (vWF). Genomic DNA from 25 patients with vWD type III, the most severe form of the disease, was studied using PCR followed by restriction-enzyme analysis and direct sequencing of the products. Nonsense mutations (CGA[yields]TGA) were detected in exons 28, 32, and 45 by screening of all 11 CGA arginine codons of the vWF gene. Two patients were found to be homozygous and five heterozygous for the mutation. Both parents and some of the relatives of the homozygous patients carry the mutation. These are the first reported examples of homozygous point mutations associated with the severe form of vWD. In the three heterozygous probands, one of the parents carried the mutation and had vWD type I. Family studies including parents and family members with or without vWD type I indicted that these three heterozygous patients are likely to be compound heterozygous. Twenty-one individuals from these seven families with vWD type I found to be heterozygous for the mutation. 21 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. Neurotoxicology of bis(n)-tacrines on Blattella germanica and Drosophila melanogaster acetylcholinesterase.

    PubMed

    Mutunga, James M; Boina, Dhana Raj; Anderson, Troy D; Bloomquist, Jeffrey R; Carlier, Paul R; Wong, Dawn M; Lam, Polo C-H; Totrov, Maxim M

    2013-08-01

    A series of bis(n)-tacrines were used as pharmacological probes of the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) catalytic and peripheral sites of Blattella germanica and Drosophila melanogaster, which express AChE-1 and AChE-2 isoforms, respectively. In general, the potency of bis(n)-tacrines was greater in D. melanogaster AChE (DmAChE) than in B. germanica AChE (BgAChE). The change in potency with tether length was high in DmAChE and low in BgAChE, associated with 90-fold and 5.2-fold maximal potency gain, respectively, compared to the tacrine monomer. The optimal tether length for Blattella was 8 carbons and for Drosophila was 10 carbons. The two species differed by only about twofold in their sensitivity to tacrine monomer, indicating that differential potency occurred among dimeric bis(n)-tacrines due to structural differences in the peripheral site. Multiple sequence alignment and in silico homology modeling suggest that aromatic residues of DmAChE confer higher affinity binding, and the lack of same at the BgAChE peripheral site may account, at least in part, to the greater overall sensitivity of DmAChE to bis(n)-tacrines, as reflected by in vitro assay data. Topical and injection assays in cockroaches found minimal toxicity of bis(n)-tacrines. Electrophysiological studies on D. melanogaster central nervous system showed that dimeric tacrines do not readily cross the blood brain barrier, explaining the observed nonlethality to insects. Although the bis(n)-tacrines were not good insecticide candidates, the information obtained in this study should aid in the design of selective bivalent ligands targeting insect, pests, and disease vectors. PMID:23740645

  10. von Willebrand factor binds to the surface of dendritic cells and modulates peptide presentation of factor VIII

    PubMed Central

    Sorvillo, Nicoletta; Hartholt, Robin B.; Bloem, Esther; Sedek, Magdalena; Brinke, Anja ten; van der Zwaan, Carmen; van Alphen, Floris P.; Meijer, Alexander B.; Voorberg, Jan

    2016-01-01

    It has been proposed that von Willebrand factor might affect factor VIII immunogenicity by reducing factor VIII uptake by antigen presenting cells. Here we investigate the interaction of recombinant von Willebrand factor with immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Surprisingly, von Willebrand factor was not internalized by immature dendritic cells, but remained bound to the cell surface. As von Willebrand factor reduces the uptake of factor VIII, we investigated the repertoire of factor VIII presented peptides when in complex with von Willebrand factor. Interestingly, factor VIII-derived peptides were still abundantly presented on major histocompatibility complex class II molecules, even though a reduction of factor VIII uptake by immature dendritic cells was observed. Inspection of peptide profiles from 5 different donors showed that different core factor VIII peptide sequences were presented upon incubation with factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex when compared to factor VIII alone. No von Willebrand factor peptides were detected when immature dendritic cells were pulsed with different concentrations of von Willebrand factor, confirming lack of von Willebrand factor endocytosis. Several von Willebrand factor derived peptides were recovered when cells were pulsed with von Willebrand factor/factor VIII complex, suggesting that factor VIII promotes endocytosis of small amounts of von Willebrand factor by immature dendritic cells. Taken together, our results establish that von Willebrand factor is poorly internalized by immature dendritic cells. We also show that von Willebrand factor modulates the internalization and presentation of factor VIII-derived peptides on major histocompatibility complex class II. PMID:26635035

  11. Synthesis of peptide thioacids at neutral pH using bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido peptide precursors.

    PubMed

    Pira, Silvain L; Boll, Emmanuelle; Melnyk, Oleg

    2013-10-18

    Reaction of bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido (SEA) peptides with triisopropylsilylthiol in water at neutral pH yields peptide thiocarboxylates. An alkylthioester derived from β-alanine was used to trap the released bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amine and displace the equilibrium toward the peptide thiocarboxylate. PMID:24073852

  12. 15 CFR Supplement No. 3 to Part 732 - BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS STEPS FOR USING THE EAR Pt. 732, Supp. 3 Supplement No. 3 to Part 732—BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags “Know Your Customer” Guidance Various requirements of the EAR are... EAR has occurred or is about to occur. (a) BIS provides the following guidance on how individuals...

  13. 15 CFR Supplement No. 3 to Part 732 - BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS STEPS FOR USING THE EAR Pt. 732, Supp. 3 Supplement No. 3 to Part 732—BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags “Know Your Customer” Guidance Various requirements of the EAR are... EAR has occurred or is about to occur. (a) BIS provides the following guidance on how individuals...

  14. 15 CFR Supplement No. 3 to Part 732 - BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS STEPS FOR USING THE EAR Pt. 732, Supp. 3 Supplement No. 3 to Part 732—BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags “Know Your Customer” Guidance Various requirements of the EAR are... EAR has occurred or is about to occur. (a) BIS provides the following guidance on how individuals...

  15. 15 CFR Supplement No. 3 to Part 732 - BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS STEPS FOR USING THE EAR Pt. 732, Supp. 3 Supplement No. 3 to Part 732—BIS's “Know Your Customer” Guidance and Red Flags “Know Your Customer” Guidance Various requirements of the EAR are... EAR has occurred or is about to occur. (a) BIS provides the following guidance on how individuals...

  16. 40 CFR 721.10334 - Ethanol, 2,2′-[(3-[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]pentyl]imino]bis-].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²- pentyl]imino]bis... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10334 Ethanol, 2,2′- pentyl]imino]bis-]. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-...

  17. 40 CFR 721.10334 - Ethanol, 2,2′-[(3-[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]pentyl]imino]bis-].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²- pentyl]imino]bis... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10334 Ethanol, 2,2′- pentyl]imino]bis-]. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-...

  18. 40 CFR 721.10334 - Ethanol, 2,2′-[(3-[(2-ethylhexyl)oxy]pentyl]imino]bis-].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ethanol, 2,2â²- pentyl]imino]bis... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10334 Ethanol, 2,2′- pentyl]imino]bis-]. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as ethanol, 2,2′-...

  19. New Tricks for an Old Measure: The Development of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-Brief (BIS-Brief)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Lynne; Sharp, Carla; Stanford, Matthew S.; Tharp, Andra Teten

    2013-01-01

    The Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), a 30-item self-report measure, is one of the most commonly used scales for the assessment of the personality construct of impulsiveness. It has recently marked 50 years of use in research and clinical settings. The current BIS-11 is held to measure 3 theoretical subtraits, namely, attentional, motor, and…

  20. 40 CFR 721.9750 - 2-Chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine, dihydrochloride.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...-triazine, dihydrochloride. 721.9750 Section 721.9750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9750 2-Chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine... identified generically as 2-chloro-4,6-bis(substituted)-1,3,5-triazine, dihydrochloride (PMN P-91-659)...

  1. 21 CFR 73.3105 - 1,4-Bis[(2-methylphenyl)amino]-9,10-anthracenedione.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3105 1,4-Bis -9,10... Act (the act). A person intending to introduce a device containing 1,4-bis -9,10-anthracenedione... premarket notification in accordance with subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, if the device is...

  2. 21 CFR 73.3106 - 1,4-Bis[4-(2-methacryloxyethyl) phenylamino]anthraquinone copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1,4-Bis anthraquinone copolymers. 73.3106 Section 73.3106 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3106 1,4-Bis...

  3. 21 CFR 73.3106 - 1,4-Bis[4-(2-methacryloxyethyl) phenylamino]anthraquinone copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1,4-Bis anthraquinone copolymers. 73.3106 Section 73.3106 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3106 1,4-Bis...

  4. 21 CFR 73.3105 - 1,4-Bis[(2-methylphenyl)amino]-9,10-anthracenedione.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION Medical Devices § 73.3105 1,4-Bis -9,10... Act (the act). A person intending to introduce a device containing 1,4-bis -9,10-anthracenedione... premarket notification in accordance with subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, if the device is...

  5. Endovascular coil detachment causing EMG artefact in BIS: a mechanistic exploration.

    PubMed

    Chakrabarti, Dhritiman; Ramesh, Venkatapura J; Pendharkar, Hima

    2016-04-01

    Deployment of endovascular coils used in interventional neuroradiology commonly involves electrolytic detachment of the coil from the pusher catheter. This report describes a case of artefactual increase in electromyography (EMG) values of bispectral index (BIS) monitor during coil detachment. An explanation of this event is provided connecting mechanism of coil detachment and derivation of EMG values in a BIS monitor. While rising EMG values are thought to arise from frontalis contraction, they may as well be an unrecognized electrical artefact, especially in context of undistorted electroencephalography waveform. PMID:25948093

  6. O2 reduction by a functional heme/nonheme bis-iron NOR model complex

    PubMed Central

    Collman, James P.; Dey, Abhishek; Yang, Ying; Ghosh, Somdatta; Decréau, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    O2 reactivity of a functional NOR model is investigated by using electrochemistry and spectroscopy. The electrochemical measurements using interdigitated electrodes show very high selectivity for 4e O2 reduction with minimal production of partially reduced oxygen species (PROS) under both fast and slow electron flux. Intermediates trapped at cryogenic temperatures and characterized by using resonance Raman spectroscopy under single-turnover conditions indicate that an initial bridging peroxide intermediate undergoes homolytic OO bond cleavage generating a trans heme/nonheme bis-ferryl intermediate. This bis ferryl species can oxygenate 2 equivalents of a reactive substrate. PMID:19541624

  7. A selective, expeditious and sustainable entry en route to benzopyrazines and bis-benzopyrazines.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Debasish; Mukherjee, Sanghamitra; Banik, Bimal K

    2015-01-01

    A convenient green synthesis of benzopyrazines and bis-benzopyrazines has been performed by the condensation of diversely substituted diamines and dicarbonyl compounds in water using indium powder as catalyst under controlled microwave exposure. The effects of microwave power, and temperature on this reaction are investigated in detail to identify the best condition. A wide range of diversely substituted diamines and dicarbonyl compounds produce excellent yield of the corresponding benzopyrazines and bis-benzopyrazines. A comparative study has also been made between microwave-induced procedure and conventional method. The present method is atom-economical, environmentally friendly, and affords synthetically useful and challenging products very rapidly. PMID:25643327

  8. Cerasoidine, a Bis-aporphine Alkaloid Isolated from Polyalthia cerasoides during Screening for Wnt Signal Inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Shono, Takumi; Ishikawa, Naoki; Toume, Kazufumi; Arai, Midori A; Masu, Hyuma; Koyano, Takashi; Kowithayakorn, Thaworn; Ishibashi, Masami

    2016-08-26

    A new bis-aporphine alkaloid, cerasoidine (1), was isolated from the root extract of Polyalthia cerasoides together with the known bis-aporphine bidebiline E (2) during screening for compounds with Wnt signal inhibitory activities. The structure of cerasoidine (1) was established by X-ray analysis and shown by chiral HPLC analyses and electronic circular dichroism to be a 57:43 mixture of R(-)- and S(+)-atropisomers. Bidebiline E (2) exhibited inhibition of transcriptional activity of TCF/β-catenin with an IC50 value of 20.2 μM and was also found to inhibit Wnt signaling by decreasing nuclear β-catenin. PMID:27490091

  9. On conjugate families and Jeffreys priors for von Mises–Fisher distributions

    PubMed Central

    Hornik, Kurt; Grün, Bettina

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses characteristics of standard conjugate priors and their induced posteriors in Bayesian inference for von Mises–Fisher distributions, using either the canonical natural exponential family or the more commonly employed polar coordinate parameterizations. We analyze when standard conjugate priors as well as posteriors are proper, and investigate the Jeffreys prior for the von Mises–Fisher family. Finally, we characterize the proper distributions in the standard conjugate family of the (matrix-valued) von Mises–Fisher distributions on Stiefel manifolds. PMID:23805026

  10. Two different anesthetic managements of a patient with von Gierke's disease.

    PubMed

    Huang, I-Ren; Jean, Wei-Horng; Lu, Cheng-Wei; Wu, Chia-Chan; Lin, Tzu-Yu; Chuang, Yueh-Hsun; Sun, Wei-Zen

    2006-03-01

    Von Gierke's disease, a form of glycogen storage disturbance, is a rare metabolic disorder with important implications for anesthesiologists. It is caused by the lack of the glucose-6-phosphatase, which is necessary for the liver to convert glycogen to glucose. To avoid severe hypoglycemia, it is crucial to keep oral feeding at intervals 2-3 hr for maintaining a normal blood sugar level. The metabolic derangements of von Gierke's disease may result in serious complications in patients undergoing surgery and anesthesia. We report the anesthetic managements of a patient with von Gierke's disease in two operations with different encounters. PMID:16623410

  11. Synthesis and Anticancer Properties of Silver(I) Complexes Containing 2,6-Bis(substituted)pyridine Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Korany A.; Abd-Elzaher, Mokhles M.; Mahmoud, Khaled

    2013-01-01

    Several new 2,6-bis(substituted)pyridine ligands and 2,6-bis(substituted)pyridine Ag(I) nitrate complexes were synthesized and characterized spectroscopically. The newly synthesized ligands include pyridine-2,6-bis(3-oxopropanenitrile) (1), pyridine-2,6-bis(2-cyano-N-phenyl-3-oxopropanethioamide) (2), and pyridine-2,6-bis((E)-2-(2-phenylhydrazono)-3-oxopropanenitrile) (3). The newly synthesized ligands and silver(I) complexes were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against four human cancer cell lines including hepatocellular carcinoma (HePG2), lung adenocarcinoma (A549), colon carcinoma (HT29), and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7). Most of the newly synthesized silver(I) complexes exhibited better activity than the ligands, and the results have been compared with doxorubicin as a reference drug. PMID:25386361

  12. Direct Electrodeposition of UO2 from Uranyl Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide Dissolved in 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide Room Temperature Ionic Liquid System

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Freiderich, John W.; Wanigasekara, Eranda P.; Sun, Xiao-Guang; Meisner, Roberta Ann; Meyer, III, Harry M.; Luo, Huimin; Delmau, Laetitia Helene; Dai, Sheng; Moyer, Bruce A

    2013-11-11

    Our study demonstrates a direct electrodeposition of UO2 at a Pt cathode from a solution of uranyl bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [UO2(NTf2)2)] in a bulk room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (EMIM+NTf2–). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies revealed two reduction waves corresponding to the conversion of uranium(VI) to uranium(IV), and a mechanism for the overall electroreduction is proposed. A controlled-potential experiment was performed, holding the reduction potential at–1.0 V for 24 h to obtain a brown-black deposit of UO2 on the Pt cathode. The Faradaic efficiency of the reduction process was determined to be >80%. The UO2deposit was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD)more » and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).« less

  13. Poly [1,1'-bis(ethynyl)-4,4'-biphenyl(bis-tributylphosphine)Pt(II)] solutions used as low dose ionizing radiation dosimeter

    SciTech Connect

    Bronze-Uhle, E. S.; Graeff, C. F. O.; Batagin-Neto, A.; Fernandes, D. M.; Fratoddi, I.; Russo, M. V.

    2013-06-17

    In this work, the effect of gamma radiation on the optical properties of polymetallayne poly[1,1'-bis(ethynyl)-4,4'-biphenyl(bis-tributylphosphine)Pt(II)] (Pt-DEBP) in chloroform solution is studied. The samples were irradiated at room temperature with doses from 0.01 Gy to 1 Gy using a {sup 60}Co gamma ray source. A new band at 420 nm is observed in the emission spectra, in superposition to the emission maximum at 398 nm, linearly dependent on dose. We propose to use the ratio of the emission amplitude bands as the dosimetric parameter. This method proved to be robust, accurate, and can be used as a dosimeter in medical applications.

  14. Investigation of Ternary Mixtures Containing 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide, Ethylene Carbonate and Lithium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide.

    PubMed

    Hofmann, Andreas; Migeot, Matthias; Arens, Lukas; Hanemann, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Temperature-dependent viscosity, conductivity and density data of ternary mixtures containing 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide (EMIM-TFSA), ethylene carbonate (EC), and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide (Li-TFSA) were determined at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 20 to 80 °C. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were performed to characterize phase conditions of the mixtures in a temperature range of -120 to +100 °C. The viscosity data were fitted according to the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann-Hesse (VFTH) equation and analyzed with the help of the fractional Walden rule. In this study, fundamental physicochemical data about the mixtures are provided and discussed as a basis for structure-property relationship calculations and for potential use of those mixtures as electrolytes for various applications. PMID:27153066

  15. Investigation of Ternary Mixtures Containing 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide, Ethylene Carbonate and Lithium Bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide

    PubMed Central

    Hofmann, Andreas; Migeot, Matthias; Arens, Lukas; Hanemann, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Temperature-dependent viscosity, conductivity and density data of ternary mixtures containing 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide (EMIM-TFSA), ethylene carbonate (EC), and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)azanide (Li-TFSA) were determined at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 20 to 80 °C. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were performed to characterize phase conditions of the mixtures in a temperature range of −120 to +100 °C. The viscosity data were fitted according to the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann-Hesse (VFTH) equation and analyzed with the help of the fractional Walden rule. In this study, fundamental physicochemical data about the mixtures are provided and discussed as a basis for structure-property relationship calculations and for potential use of those mixtures as electrolytes for various applications. PMID:27153066

  16. Structure-activity study for (bis)ureidopropyl- and (bis)thioureidopropyldiamine LSD1 inhibitors with 3-5-3 and 3-6-3 carbon backbone architectures

    PubMed Central

    Nowotarski, Shannon L.; Pachaiyappan, Boobalan; Holshouser, Steven L.; Kutz, Craig J.; Li, Youxuan; Huang, Yi; Sharma, Shiv K.; Casero, Robert A.; Woster, Patrick M.

    2015-01-01

    Methylation at specific histone lysine residues is a critical post-translational modification that alters chromatin architecture, and dysregulated lysine methylation/demethylation is associated with the silencing of tumor suppressor genes. The enzyme lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) complexed to specific transcription factors catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of mono- and dimethyllysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4me and H3K4me2 respectively). We have previously reported potent (bis)urea and (bis)thiourea LSD1 inhibitors that increase cellular levels of H3K4me and H3K4me2, promote the re-expression of silenced tumor suppressor genes and suppress tumor growth in vitro. Here we report the design additional (bis)urea and (bis)thiourea LSD1 inhibitors that feature 3-5-3 or 3-6-3 carbon backbone architectures. Three of these compounds displayed single-digit IC50 values in a recombinant LSD1 assay. In addition, compound 6d exhibited an IC50 of 4.2 μM against the Calu-6 human lung adenocarcinoma line, and 4.8 μM against the MCF7 breast tumor cell line, in an MTS cell viability assay. Following treatment with 6b–6d, Calu-6 cells exhibited a significant increase in the mRNA expression for the silenced tumor suppressor genes SFRP2, HCAD and p16, and modest increases in GATA4 message. The compounds described in this paper represent the most potent epigenetic modulators in this series, and have potential for use as antitumor agents. PMID:25725609

  17. Fluorescent sensing and electrocatalytic properties of three Zn(II)/Co(II) coordination complexes containing two different dicarboxylates and two various bis(pyridyl)-bis(amide) ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Hongyan; Rong, Xing; Liu, Guocheng; Wang, Xiang; Wang, Xiuli; Duan, Surui

    2016-09-01

    Three new transition metal(II) coordination complexes constructed from two different dicarboxylates (1,3-H2BDC = 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid, 1,4-H2NDC = 1,4-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid) and two bis(pyridyl)-bis(amide) ligands (3-bpcd = N,N‧-bis(3-pyridyl)cyclohexane-1,4-dicarboxamide, 3-bpod = N,N‧-bis(3-pyridyl)octandiamide), [Zn(1,3-BDC)(3-bpcd)0.5(H2O)]·H2O (1), [Zn(1,3-BDC)(3-bpod)0.5(H2O)] (2) and [Co(1,4-NDC)(3-bpod)1.5(H2O)] (3) have been synthesized in the hydrothermal environments and structurally characterized by IR, TG and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complexes 1 and 2 possess the similar 1D ladder-like chain based on [Zn(1,3-BDC)]n zigzag chain and the bidentate ligands 3-bpcd/or 3-bpod. Complex 3 shows a 2D layered structure with a 5-connected {410} topology, which consists of 1D linear [Co(1,4-NDC)]n chain and [Co(3-bpod)1.5]n chain with alternating arrangement of 3-bpod ligands and Co2(3-bpod)2 dinuclear loops. The adjacent 1D chains for 1-2 or the 2D layers for 3 are further extended into 2D or 3D supramolecular frameworks through the hydrogen bonding interactions. Additionally, the solid state fluorescent properties for the title complexes 1-3, the fluorescent sensing behaviors of complexes 1-2 and the electrochemical behaviour of complex 3 have been investigated.

  18. 40 CFR 721.10580 - Poly[oxy(methyl-1,2- ethanediyl)], alpha, alpha′-[1,4- cyclohexanediylbis(methylene)] bis [omega...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Poly , alpha, alphaâ²- bis [omega-(2... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10580 Poly , alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-(2-aminomethylethoxy)-. (a... poly , alpha, alpha′- bis [omega-(2- aminomethylethoxy)- (PMN P-10-452; CAS No. 1220986-58-2)...

  19. 40 CFR 721.10580 - Poly[oxy (methyl - 1,2 - ethanediyl)], alpha, alpha′ - [1,4 - cyclohexanediylbis(methylene)] bis...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Poly , alpha, alphaâ² - bis [omega... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10580 Poly , alpha, alpha′ - bis [omega - (2... substance identified as poly , alpha, alpha′ - bis [omega - (2 - aminomethylethoxy) - (PMN P-10-452; CAS...

  20. 40 CFR 721.5284 - Chromate (5-), bis[4-hydroxy-7-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthalenyl)azo]- 3-[(2-hydroxy-3-nitro-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Chromate (5-), bis - 3- -2... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.5284 Chromate (5-), bis - 3- -2- naphthalenesulfonato... chemical substance identified as a Chromate (5-), bis - 3- -2- naphthalenesulfonato(4-)]-, pentasodium...