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Sample records for aldine independent school

  1. Studying the Independent School Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahoy, Ellysa Stern; Williamson, Susan G.

    2008-01-01

    In 2005, the American Association of School Librarians' Independent Schools Section conducted a national survey of independent school libraries. This article analyzes the results of the survey, reporting specialized data and information regarding independent school library budgets, collections, services, facilities, and staffing. Additionally, the…

  2. Marketing Handbook for Independent Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boarding Schools, Boston, MA.

    This publication is a resource to help independent schools attract more familites to their institutions and to increase the voluntary support by the larger community surrounding the school. The first chapter attempts to dispel misconceptions, define pertinent marketing terms, and relate their importance to independent schools. The rest of the book…

  3. Independent Schools - Independent Thinking - Independent Art: Testing Assumptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnes, Virginia

    This study consists of a review of selected educational reform issues from the past 10 years that deal with changing attitudes towards art and art instruction in the context of independent private sector schools. The major focus of the study is in visual arts and examines various programs and initiatives with an art focus. Programs include…

  4. Independent Schools: Landscape and Learnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oates, William A.

    1981-01-01

    Examines American independent schools (parochial, southern segregated, and private institutions) in terms of their funding, expenditures, changing enrollment patterns, teacher-student ratios, and societal functions. Journal available from Daedalus Subscription Department, 1172 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02132. (AM)

  5. Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amada

    2014-01-01

    Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school…

  6. Hiring and Retaining Great Independent School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balossi, Matt; Hernández, Natalie R.

    2016-01-01

    While numerous studies measure teacher effectiveness in public schools, there is little research on teacher quality among independent schools. In fact, the topic of teacher quality in public schools receives widespread media coverage, funding, and special interest. In order to better understand how independent schools describe high-quality…

  7. Accounting for Independent Schools. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools, Boston, MA.

    This is a thoroughly revised edition of the 1969 publication, "Accounting for Independent Schools," a guide that attempted to codify basic accounting principles and practices for specific application to independent schools. The focus of the second edition is more on refining practices than on initiating them, and more on extending the managerial…

  8. Binge Drinking and the Independent School Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baggish, Rosemary; Wells, Peter

    2013-01-01

    When questioned about illegal, mood-altering substance use, 15,743 high school students surveyed in the last three years with the "Independent School Health Check" said alcohol is most commonly used. For the 30 days prior to filling out the survey, 33.9 percent of the students reported drinking, and 24.2 percent reported binge drinking…

  9. Capital Financing for Independent Private Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Kevin G.; Doherty, Robert F.; Wienk, Christopher O.

    This document contains summary materials from a presentation by Wye River Capital, Inc. of Annapolis, Maryland, on capital financing for independent private schools. The main sections of the presentation address: (1) overview of the capital financing process; (2) tax law considerations for tax-exempt financings by private schools; and (3) key…

  10. Leadership Challenges at Public and Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    A recent survey by MetLife explores the opinions and experiences of principals and teachers at K-12 public schools regarding their responsibilities and challenges as leaders, the changing role of principals, faculty satisfaction, and Common Core Standards implementation. The findings of this study present independent schools with an opportunity to…

  11. The New Marketing Handbook for Independent Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boarding Schools, Boston, MA.

    Planning coherent, relevant marketing strategies is crucial to the survival of independent education in the United States. This handbook was created for independent school marketers; principals; and development, publications, public relations, and admissions directors. It offers checklists, sidebars, callouts, and summaries that focus on…

  12. The Next Marketing Handbook for Independent Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Rick, Ed.

    Suggestions for marketing independent schools are presented in this handbook, which revolves around the basic marketing model of defining mission/strategy, using the "5 P's" (product/services, price, place, production/delivery, promotion) and monitoring. Chapters by 18 contributors offer information on the following topics: basic marketing theory,…

  13. Business Management for Independent Schools. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools, Boston, MA.

    This fourth edition of a guide for independent school business managers has been produced in looseleaf format so that changes may be made promptly as decisions of regulatory bodies require modifications in current practice. Fourteen chapters are organized under three broad topic headings. Chapters in part 1, Accounting and Financial Reporting,…

  14. Inside Sweden's Independent Public Schools: Innovations in Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raham, Helen

    2003-01-01

    Profiles three Swedish tuition-free, independent public schools. Independent schools were formed after the Swedish government enacted school choice legislation in 1992 resulting in the replacement of private schools with a system of tuition-free, self-managed public schools. These schools (now over 800) provide parents with alternatives to…

  15. Our 1% Problem: Independent Schools and the Income Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartels, Fred

    2012-01-01

    The subject of independent schools and inequality is rife with contradictions. In some ways, independent schools work to ameliorate inequities. In other ways, they reinforce and exacerbate them. Those in independent schools who work on social justice, equity, and diversity issues deal with these contradictions every day. Most believe, most of the…

  16. 78 FR 77770 - Aldine Capital Fund II, L.P.; Notice Seeking Exemption Under Section 312 of the Small Business...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... Investment Act, Conflicts of Interest Notice is hereby given that Aldine Capital Fund II, L.P., 30 West... exemption under Section 312 of the Act and Section 107.730, Financings which Constitute Conflicts...

  17. Independent State-Funded Schools: Some Reflections on Recent Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Christopher; Salokangas, Maija

    2012-01-01

    Educational systems around the world are experimenting with new forms of schooling. One example is the emergence of independent state-funded schools (ISFSs). In the USA these have taken the form of Charter Schools. In Sweden chains of Free Schools have been established and in England Academies and most recently Free Schools have been placed at the…

  18. Similar Situations? Special Needs in Different Groups of Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur; Göransson, Kerstin; Nilholm, Claes

    2015-01-01

    This study explores differences between different groups of Swedish independent schools' work with pupils in need of special support (PNSS). Data comes from a total population study of independent schools. Data is analyzed using six categories of profile that may affect the special educational values at the schools, and therefore the situation for…

  19. Staffing Levels in the Dallas Independent School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Board of Trustees of the Dallas Independent School District (DISD) asked the Council of the Great City Schools, the nation's primary coalition of large urban school systems, to examine the staffing levels of the school system and determine whether the numbers of staff members employed were appropriate for a district serving as many students as…

  20. 78 FR 17744 - In the Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine Also Known as Ansar Dine Also Known as Ansar al...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine Also Known as Ansar Dine Also Known as Ansar al-Din Also Known as Ancar Dine Also Known as Ansar ul-Din Also Known as Ansar Eddine Also Known as Defenders of the Faith as a Foreign Terrorist Organization Pursuant to Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality...

  1. 78 FR 17745 - In the Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine, Also Known as Ansar Dine, Also Known as Ansar...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine, Also Known as Ansar Dine, Also Known as Ansar al-Din, Also Known as Ancar Dine, Also Known as Ansar ul-Din, Also Known as Ansar Eddine, Also Known as Defenders of the Faith, as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist pursuant to Section 1(b) of Executive,...

  2. Capital Financing For Private & Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This paper is a primer for school boards and management. It provides a basic overview of the key issues, considerations and options associated with the use of debt by private schools to address facility financing needs. In addition, for a school which has decided to pursue debt financing, it provides basic guidelines for the choice of debt…

  3. Formulating Independent School K-12 Quality Physical Education Program Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currie, Stuart M.; Phillips, Michael B.; Jubenville, Colby B.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to formulate Tennessee independent school K-12 quality physical education program guidelines. A panel of 18 physical education representatives from Tennessee independent schools K-12 participated in a three-phase Delphi study and completed three opinionnaires via e-mail. In Phase One, Opinionnaire One solicited panel…

  4. Management by Objectives: A Guide for Starting an Independent School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heggins, Martha Jean Adams

    Because education itself is a business, starting an independent school is much like starting a private business. This guide, designed to provide a sound basis for planning, implementing, and evaluating an independent school, focuses on various objectives, tasks, and other operational concerns that are essential in the initial planning process.…

  5. Achievement Patterns of Students in an Elite, Male Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trusty, Edward Maurice, Jr.

    2009-01-01

    There is an underlying assumption that regardless of student ethnicity, socio-economic status, or any other variable, elite, independent schools by mission and design are effective at producing successful students. This would cause some to conclude that all students enrolled in elite, independent schools perform similarly on all academic measures.…

  6. State of the Diversity Practice in Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amada

    2015-01-01

    During the spring of 2014, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned Insightlink Communications, a market research firm, to conduct the second survey on the state of the diversity practice in independent schools. The goals of the study included defining the roles played by diversity practitioners, their functions, and…

  7. Applying to Higher Education: Comparisons of Independent and State Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunne, Máiréad; King, Russell; Ahrens, Jill

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on research into the ways that schools engage in university application processes. Questionnaire and interview data were collected from 1400 Year 13 students from 18 independent and state schools in England and 15 in-depth interviews were carried out with school teacher higher education (HE) advisors. The analysis compares…

  8. Enacting the Independent Public Schools Program in Western Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gobby, Brad

    2013-01-01

    The Independent Public Schools (IPS) program began to be implemented in some Western Australian schools in 2010. The IPS program devolves a number of responsibilities to principals and is part of the political objective of removing the constraints of the education bureaucracy by fostering school level decision-making, problem-solving and…

  9. Independent Schools: Charitable Status, Public Benefit and UDI

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palfreyman, David

    2007-01-01

    In England and Wales "independent schools" ("private schools" or, confusingly, "public schools") almost always have "charitable status". Hence, they are now subject to the new "public benefit" test imposed in the Charities Act 2006. There is much discussion as to whether this test will be a significant hurdle as set by the Charity Commission in…

  10. Assessing Student Engagement: HSSSE Pilot Study with Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    NAIS and the NAIS Commission on Accreditation recently launched a three-year pilot study on the use of the High School Survey of Student Engagement (HSSSE) among independent schools. HSSSE, administered by Indiana University, is a survey designed to investigate the attitudes, perceptions, and beliefs of high school students about their work. This…

  11. Business Management for Independent Schools. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools, Boston, MA.

    This business management manual discusses school accounting and reporting principles; in particular, financial management, computerization, and records retention techniques. First is described the basic accounting principles, plant funds, endowment funds, operational funds, chart of accounts, and financial states of the school's annual financial…

  12. The Business Manager in the Independent School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritter, Paul M.

    The responsibilities of the school business manager have grown more complex since this manual was first published in 1967. As a consequence, this edition updates it and defines the complexities that have evolved since then. The guide begins with an outline of the work of the business manager and the relation of that work to the rest of tbe school.…

  13. Middle School String Ensembles: Steps to Independence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanchard, Deliece

    1998-01-01

    Explains that orchestra teachers who teach middle school students should focus on their students' social and psychological needs by creating chamber music groups. Describes the benefits of middle school students playing in groups, how to create chamber music groups, and opportunities for performance. Provides a list of chamber music literature.…

  14. Experimental Schools Project, Edgewood Independent School District. Volume I: Final Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Earl, Ed.; Davis, Peter B., Ed.

    The Edgewood Independent School District (San Antonio, Texas), using a mini-system of one high school, one middle school, and four elementary schools, conducted an Experimental Schools Program from 1972-1977 to test a local decision making, long-term innovative program to effect substantial changes in the affective and cognitive characteristics of…

  15. Accountability and Independence for Schools: Towards a Higher Standard

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassett, Patrick F.

    2004-01-01

    For a long time, independent schools have relied primarily upon peer-review accreditation for the purpose of accountability. Akin to the process used by colleges and universities, libraries and hospitals, school accreditation via a reputable accrediting organization is thorough, rigorous, and professional. It is rooted in two underlying…

  16. Some Aspects of Leadership in Independent Schools in Alberta.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decoux, Bruce V.; Holdaway, Edward A.

    1999-01-01

    A study used interviews, observations, and documents to examine perceptions of principals in eight accredited, independent schools in Alberta (Canada) about major factors affecting their leadership role. Factors included philosophical congruence enhanced by respect and trust, as well as personal relationships, school culture, symbolism, and…

  17. Irving Independent School District: Standardized Test Results, 1985-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving Independent School District, TX.

    The results are presented of district-wide standardized testing in the Irving (Texas) Independent School District for the 1985-86 school year. This was the first year in which the Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was implemented. It was administered to students in odd-numbered grades, whereas all other students took the…

  18. Community Service Programs in Independent Schools: A Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levison, Lee M.

    Community service is reemerging as an important focus for secondary education. This report, the culmination of a Ford Foundation project, considers independent schools' role in encouraging community service. Specifically, the project attempted to identify community service programs in private schools affiliated with the National Association of…

  19. The Independent School Financial Model--Is It Sustainable?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lourie, David

    2016-01-01

    Almost seven years removed, the Great Recession still looms large in the minds of independent school trustees and administrators. While not producing many positives in the lives of our schools and the nation's economy, it did instigate important and long overdue questions and discussions about the long-term sustainability of the so-called…

  20. Developing Independent Learners: The Box Hill School Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavey, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Box Hill School is an independent school in Surrey, England. In 2008 the English curriculum was abandoned in favour of the International Baccalaureate Diploma (IBD). A library is a statutory requirement of the International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO) endorsement who also recommend this be managed by a qualified teacher-librarian. In May…

  1. Criteria Use and Importance in Independent Secondary School Admissions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuster, Shannan Boyle

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was threefold: first, to determine the use of specified admission criteria in the independent school admission process; second, to determine admission directors' perceptions of the importance of selected criteria; and third, to determine the nature of the relationship between selected independent measures and the use of…

  2. Board Governance of Independent Schools: A Framework for Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, John; Barnett, Kerry; Alavi, Seyyed Babak; Newcombe, Geoffrey

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This paper develops a theoretical framework to guide future inquiry into board governance of independent schools. Design/methodology/approach: The authors' approach is to integrate literatures related to corporate and educational boards, motivation, leadership and group processes that are appropriate for conceptualizing independent school…

  3. African American Students in Private, Independent Schools: Parents and School Influences on Racial Identity Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Martin, Pamela P.; Cooper, Shauna M.

    2012-01-01

    Although much research has focused on the public school experiences of African American students, few studies exist that explore their race-related experiences within an independent, private school context. Studies have suggested that, while private, independent schools may elevate the quality of African American students' education, many of these…

  4. Independent School Success Challenging the Danish Public School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ringsmose, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    Denmark has had a long history of placing a high priority on education and public schooling. It is a declared goal of the Danish welfare system to provide comprehensive schooling, where children from different socioeconomic backgrounds can go to school together and have the same opportunities through education. It is also a declared goal for…

  5. The Professionalization of Independence: New Tensions and Opportunities for Independent School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Stephen J.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author suggests that a successful independent school career, especially in an increasingly professionalized environment, follows the model of the best teachers he knew at the start of his career. They did not walk around looking for "either/or" solutions. Instead, they adopted a "both/and" stance. They taught students and…

  6. The Audio-Visual Marketing Handbook for Independent Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Tom

    This how-to booklet offers specific advice on producing video or slide/tape programs for marketing independent schools. Five chapters present guidelines for various stages in the process: (1) Audio-Visual Marketing in Context (aesthetics and economics of audiovisual marketing); (2) A Question of Identity (identifying the audience and deciding on…

  7. NAIS/NACUBO Endowment Study for Independent Schools: 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    This report presents the findings of a study of the performance and management of endowments of independent schools and of colleges and universities. A preliminary section offers information on the data collection process and describes several definitions and formula used in the analysis. Much of the report is taken up with exhibits and figures…

  8. Prediction of Residential Independence of Special Education High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heal, Laird W.; Rusch, Frank

    1994-01-01

    The residential independence of students with disabilities who had exited high school was assessed, using data from 2,686 interviewees in the National Longitudinal Transition Study. Individual characteristics, such as intelligence, living skills, and bad conduct records, were better predictors of postschool living arrangement status than were…

  9. Decision-Making Practices of Trustees at Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Frances Clementine

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine decision-making practices of trustees in good private, independent schools by studying and analyzing the structure of their governing boards, thus providing insight into their leadership practices. A multiple choice survey questionnaire and personal interviews were utilized to glean information from a sample…

  10. Single-Sex Mathematics Instruction in an Urban Independent School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seitsinger, Anne M.; Barboza, Helen C.; Hird, Anne

    An urban independent middle school grouped its 63 sixth and seventh graders into single-sex mathematics classes (SSMC) to improve girls' achievement in mathematics (AIM) and attitudes toward mathematics (ATM) with no negative impact on boys. Researchers analyzed AIM, ATM, and interactions/instruction. AIM measures included Metropolitan Achievement…

  11. Student Engagement at Independent Schools: Results from the 2014 High School Survey of Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amada

    2015-01-01

    Fifty-nine NAIS member schools participated in the second year of a three-year pilot study sponsored by the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) and the NAIS Commission on Accreditation on the use of HSSSE -- the High School Survey of Student Engagement, administered by Indiana University. HSSSE is designed to investigate the…

  12. Modeling School Choice: A Comparison of Public, Private-Independent, Private-Religious and Home-Schooled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive R.

    2004-01-01

    U.S. students now have four choices of schooling: public schooling, private-religious schooling, private-independent schooling, and home-schooling. Of these, home-schooling is the most novel: since legalization across the states in the last few decades, it has grown in importance and legitimacy as an alternative choice. Thus, it is now possible to…

  13. Modeling School Choice: A Comparison of Public, Private-Independent, Private-Religious, and Home-Schooled Students. Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive R.

    U.S. students now have four choices of schooling: public schooling, private-religious schooling, private-independent schooling, and home-schooling. Of these options, home-schooling is the most novel. Since legalization across the states in the last few decades, it has grown in importance and legitimacy as an alternative choice. Thus, it is now…

  14. A Study of the Qualifications, Roles, Responsibilities, and Characteristics of Reading Specialists in Independent, Private Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive study examined reading specialists in independent, private schools. The context of reading specialists in independent, private schools and their alignment with reading professional's standards was not previously identified. The purposes of this study were to determine how many independent, private schools employed reading…

  15. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Independent School Teacher Development Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, John M.

    2012-01-01

    In this study the author examined the psychometrics of an instrument, the Independent School Teacher Development Inventory, designed to assess the professional learning opportunities in U.S. independent schools. The inventory was sent to 3,422 independent school administrators and of these, 2,474 returned completed surveys. Exploratory factor…

  16. Government, School Autonomy, and Legitimacy: Why the Dutch Government Is Adopting an Unprecedented Level of Interference with Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waslander, Sietske

    2010-01-01

    When looking at independent schools, the Netherlands is often mentioned as a prime example of school autonomy. Rooted in the constitution, the Dutch education system is build upon a combination of public funding and private operation. After almost a century of independent schools, the Dutch Government adopted a law recently which enables…

  17. Putting "The System" into a School Autonomy Reform: The Case of the Independent Public Schools Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gobby, Brad

    2016-01-01

    The Australian Federal and state governments have been introducing neoliberal reforms to the governance of their education systems for a number of decades. One of the most recent programs of reform is the Western Australian Independent Public Schools (IPS) initiative. Similar to decentralizing reforms around the world, the IPS program seeks…

  18. Representations of Special Support. Independent Schools' Descriptions of Special Educational Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur

    2016-01-01

    An important argument for the introduction of school choice in Sweden, was that independent schools would be a source for innovation. But do independent schools follow traditional patterns of special education, or do they aim for alternative organisational solutions, approaching inclusive education? Here, results from a total population…

  19. Women of Color Heads of Independent Schools: Toward a Framework of Culturally Relevant Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vargas, Sylvia Rodriguez

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative research study on the lived experience of women of color heads of independent schools explores women's professional journeys and their approach to leadership. There are over 1,400 member schools and associations represented by the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS). Non-Caucasian women make up approximately…

  20. Double Jeopardy: Being African-American and "Doing Diversity" in Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Diane M.; Stevenson, Howard C.

    2007-01-01

    The experience and responsibility of addressing diversity issues in independent schools is the focus of this article. Open-ended interviews were conducted with diversity coordinators in independent schools in a large urban area in the Northeast. Coordinators were asked about their roles within the schools and about their participation in a study…

  1. The Process of Curriculum Development and the Use of Assessments in Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, JoAnn P.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study was designed to examine and identify the site-based process that two elementary, independent schools, accredited by the Southern Association of Independent Schools use for curriculum and instructional development. Also, the study examined and identified the development and use of assessments to support each school's…

  2. Frame Analysis of the Self-Perceived Leadership Orientations of Headmasters of the Independent Schools Association of the Southwest, Southern Association of Independent Schools, and the Association of Independent Schools of Greater Washington Member Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roddy, Troy Paul

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the self-perceived leadership orientations of headmasters of independent schools. This research expanded the current body of work that supports Bolman and Deal's (2003) multi-frame explanation that leaders use different orientations (frames) to understand their roles, clarify organizational situations, and make decisions. Using…

  3. Working Independently: One Librarian's Experiences Flying Solo in an Independent School's Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherry, Wayne R., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    As the solo school librarian in a modestly sized private school, the author is responsible not only for managing the school library, but also for many other things that come his way throughout the school year. Among the many balls the author has to keep in the air are budgeting, collection development, weeding, lesson planning, fundraising, and…

  4. They were "Happy to Rock Along in This Trend," The San Felipe Independent School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prewitt, Steven W.

    The history of San Felipe School District (Texas), 1894-1971, depicts a situation in which Mexican Americans had control of local schools. Established in the Mexican "barrio" of the racially divided border town of Del Rio, San Felipe resisted annexation to the Anglo school district and became an independent school district in 1929. Mexican…

  5. Catching Up: Gender Values at a Canadian Independent School for Girls, 1978-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heyward, Candace B.

    1995-01-01

    Examines the 15-year transformation in gender values at a Canadian independent school for girls and their effect on the students and the school structures. Gender-stereotyped, outside-world realities are still influencing the school environment and students' thinking. The author believes single-sex schools for girls are an important antidote to…

  6. Established Independent School Collaborates with Social Service Agency to Launch New School: Community Partnership School, Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Community Partnership School (CPS) serves 90 to 95 students annually in preK-5th grade. Of these, 100 percent are African American or multiracial, and all qualify for free or reduced-price lunch. Community Partnership School began as a collaboration between Germantown Academy, which had trouble recruiting low-income students to its suburban…

  7. Teacher Evaluation in Independent Schools. An Empirical Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    Traditionally informal, teacher evaluation in the private school sector is changing. Although faculty and administrators view the situation from different perspectives, there is agreement that more formal methods are more satisfactory. Boarding schools differ significantly from day schools in their approach to teacher evaluation. (SB)

  8. "Price v Austin Independent School District": Desegregation's Unitary Tar Baby.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karatinos, Theodore E.

    1993-01-01

    Examines the Fifth Circuit Court's 1991 reasoning in "Price," a case that resulted from the school district's adoption of a new student reassignment plan to meet court-ordered desegregation. Suggests locating schools in the center of cities. Advocates that the judiciary conduct periodic checks on school districts that have been declared unitary.…

  9. INVESTIGATION OF FISCALLY INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT CITY SCHOOL DISTRICTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GITTELL, MARILYN; AND OTHERS

    A TWO-PART COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS IS MADE OF LARGE AND SMALL CITY SCHOOL SYSTEMS. PART I ANALYZES A WIDE RANGE OF FISCAL AND NON-FISCAL VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH FISCAL STATUS OF CITY SCHOOL SYSTEMS. IT COVERS THE 2,788 CITY SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN THE UNITED STATES WITH ENROLLMENTS OVER 3,000. COMPLEX INTERRELATIONSHIPS SURROUNDING FISCAL STATUS IN…

  10. How Inclusive Education Is Understood by Principals of Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gous, Jennifer Glenda; Eloff, Irma; Moen, Melanie Carmen

    2014-01-01

    Inclusive education has become a practice that has been adopted by many schools across the globe and most usually in first-world countries. As a whole-school system, it occurs less frequently in developing countries including South Africa which unlike many developing countries has a sound infrastructure and many excellent schools in both the state…

  11. A Social Cognitive Investigation of Australian Independent School Boards as Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krishnan, Aparna; Barnett, Kerry; McCormick, John; Newcombe, Geoffrey

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate independent school Boards as teams using a social cognitive perspective. Specifically, the study investigated Board processes and the nature of relationships between Board member self-efficacy, Board collective efficacy and performance of independent school Boards in New South Wales, Australia.…

  12. The Colors of Excellence: Hiring and Keeping Teachers of Color in Independent Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Pearl Rock, Ed.; Orsini, Alfonso J., Ed.

    Featuring the findings of a 5-year study on independent schools as well as stories by teachers and students of color, this book offers testimony by independent school faculty of color, including the individual stories of African American, Chinese American, Native American, Cuban American, and Hispanic American educators. It discusses how important…

  13. An Experience of "Yes": Independent Schools Begin to Explore and Exploit the Power of Design Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gow, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The inkling was there all along. Back in 2005, in "A Whole New Mind," author Daniel Pink included design--"utility enhanced by significance"--as an essential aptitude for the 21st-century learner. Some attentive independent school educators began looking around. If forward-thinking independent schools are to produce new minds, they maintained,…

  14. 21st Century Girls' Schools: For What Reasons Are New Independent Girls' Schools Opening in the United States?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmieri, James R.

    2014-01-01

    For a multitude of reasons, the founding of an independent school in the modern-day United States is an extremely challenging undertaking. The list of essentials necessary to envision, prepare, open, and operate a functioning school are endless, yet school founders are driven to do so out of a commitment to and passion for a particular school…

  15. Milwaukee Independent Charter Schools Study: Report on Two- and Three-Year Achievement Gains. SCDP Milwaukee Evaluation. Report # 25

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witte, John F.; Wolf, Patrick J.; Dean, Alicia; Carlson, Deven

    2011-01-01

    The general purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Milwaukee's independent charter schools in promoting student achievement growth. Independent charter schools are authorized by non-school district entities and are considered "independent" because they are not a part of the Milwaukee Public School District (MPS). Specifically, the…

  16. Who Goes Where? Choice of Single-Sex and Coeducational Independent Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Valerie E.; Marks, Helen M.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses a study of why 3,183 secondary school students and their families chose either single-sex or coeducational independent schools. Considers the personal, demographic, and educational characteristics of the students and their families and the students' gender. Reports that family traditions for private schooling and religious orientation…

  17. Doors Open: How Independent Schools Can Improve through Encouraging a Culture of Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiggins, Alexis

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author shares her experience teaching in international schools where she has worked in dynamic and collaborative cultures. The international school culture that she knew was one that valued collaboration, transparency, and equitability. The independent school culture is also one that values faculty's knowledge and passion in…

  18. Internet and Independent E-Learning of School Age Children in Thailand (One Study)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quigley, Donna

    2011-01-01

    Schools generally have been unable to keep up with the rapid technical changes in modern society. As a result, primary school age children worldwide are becoming self-taught independent e-learners and the gap between what they know and are able to do exceeds the learning outcomes for their schools' ICT (information communication technology)…

  19. The Demonstration of Organizational Legitimacy among Independent Professional Schools of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storrs, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Independent professional schools were a significant part of higher education in the United States until the rise of universities at the beginning of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the overwhelming majority of professional schools are indeed affiliated with universities; however there are a growing number of professional schools in variety…

  20. Award-Winning Community Service Programs in Independent Schools. Revised 1991-92 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sands, Catherine D., Ed.; Gorman, Michael J., Ed.

    For nearly a decade, the Council for Religion in Independent Schools has honored schools with superior community service programs. The purpose of these annual awards is to stimulate the growth of such programs, to inform other schools of notable policies and practices, and to recognize excellence in moral consciousness and spirituality. A panel of…

  1. Understanding of Patterns, Streaks and Independence by Grade School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridgway, Carolyn; Ridgway, Derry

    2010-01-01

    Using sequences of coin flips as a model of serial independent events, we asked schoolchildren in grades 1 through 5 to estimate the likelihood of the next flip. Most children in each grade expected short patterns to continue.

  2. Toward a Queer-Inclusive, Queer-Affirming Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Douglas

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author notes that diversity and America's schools have historically played a crucial part in the broader movement for civil rights. This often has him considering the ways one can celebrate their community's diversity and curate meaningful conversations about their multiple identities/affinities, especially as they…

  3. Principles of Technology. Final Report, Leander Independent School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leander Independent School District, TX.

    Principles of Technology was designed as a high school course in applied science for vocational students in the 11th and 12th grades in Leander, Texas. It consists of a 2-year curriculum covering 14 units in applied physics: (1) force; (2) work; (3) rate; (4) resistance; (5) energy; (6) power; (7) force transformers; (8) momentum; (9) waves and…

  4. Values Added: The Lifelong Returns of an Independent School Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS), 2004

    2004-01-01

    This report highlights findings from the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS), a study funded by the U.S. Department of Education that charted the life experiences of nearly 25,000 students from public and private schools from the time they were eighth graders through their mid-20s. "Values Added: The Lifelong Benefits of an Independent…

  5. Independent Schools Examine Ways to Support Students' Sleep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Two-thirds of high school students get less than eight to 10 hours of sleep per night according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sleep deprivation in teens has been linked to poor academic performance, reduced immunity, obesity, ADD-like symptoms, and even drug and alcohol use. For years, experts have said that early school…

  6. Finding a Mentor for High School Independent Scientific Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Amber

    2008-01-01

    Being involved with scientific research in high school is rewarding and fun. Research enables students to: (1) learn in depth about a particular area; (2) meet other students who are also enthusiastic about learning and who have done amazing research; and (3) earn scholarships for college if the research is entered in competitions. Completing a…

  7. International Students in the Independent School . . . A Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee on Boarding Schools, Boston, MA.

    To strengthen private elementary and secondary schools' recruitment and education of international students, this handbook offers guidelines for solving potential problems involved in recruiting, admitting, teaching, and providing services for international students. Its first chapter defines international students as those whose cultural…

  8. Measuring the Contribution of Independent Christian Secondary Schools to Students' Religious, Personal, and Social Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; ap Siôn, Tania; Village, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    From the late 1960s independent Christian schools have emerged in England and Wales, initiated either by churches or by parents. Many of these new independent schools are linked through the Christian Schools Trust. The impact that these schools are exerting on their students may be of interest for the churches with which they are associated and of…

  9. An Historical Case Study of Collaboration and Competition among Independent Schools: A New Paradigm for Developing Educational Excellence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, James

    2008-01-01

    This historical case study explores the twin forces of collaboration and competition within independent schooling by examining the merger of two long established and well respected independent schools in Cincinnati, Ohio: (1) College Preparatory School; and (2) Hillsdale-Lotspeich School. Their merger in 1974 led to the creation of The Seven Hills…

  10. Sexism in Single-Sex and Coeducational Independent Secondary School Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Valerie E.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Reports on a study of how engenderment (socialization to gender) operates in both male and female single-sex and coeducational independent schools. Finds that teachers initiated most of the incidents in six categories of sex discrimination. Asserts that schools with active gender equity policies were the least likely sites of sexism. (CFR)

  11. Relationship Between Field Dependence - Field Independence, Piaget Conservation Tasks and School Variables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicker, Tommie E.; O'Tuel, Frances S.

    This study investigates relationships among conservation, field dependence/independence, school variables, achievement, screening measures, sex and race. A total of 124 first, second and third graders in a Southern rural school were administered 8 typical Piagetian conservation tasks (PCT), Children's Embedded Figures Test (CEFT), Comprehensive…

  12. Fearless Factor: Seamless Conversations Lead to Collaboration in the Northwest Independent School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voutos, Gloria E.; Norton, Angela; Dunbar, Wes; Conklin, Shane

    2012-01-01

    In the Northwest Independent School District (ISD) located in north Texas, collaboration is "not" optional; it is expected from all teachers. The driving force behind this effort is the district's vision: "the best and most sought-after school district where every student is future ready: Ready for college, Ready for the global workplace, Ready…

  13. Evaluation Report of the Harlandale Independent School District's Bilingual Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Helene W.

    The 1973 report evaluates the Bilingual Education Program of Harlandale Independent School District. The bilingual program is designed for Spanish speaking pupils in grades K-5 (1,517 children in 8 of the district's 15 elementary schools) who have limited English-speaking ability. The 1972-73 project involved (1) development and revision of…

  14. Evaluation Report of the San Marcos Independent School District's Bilingual Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Helene W.

    The San Marcos Independent School District's Bilingual Education Program for 1972-73 was evaluated in this report. The program consisted of 684 students in grades K-5 in 4 elementary schools. The majority of these students were Mexican American with only 18% monolingual English speakers. The program's objectives were, first, to provide bilingual…

  15. Independent School Department Heads: The Influence of Role Ambiguity, Relationships, and Professional Development on Career Aspirations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinsella, Shane

    2012-01-01

    Little research exists on the career aspirations of department heads in independent schools. What does exist focuses on public school teachers in the United States and the United Kingdom. This study sought to determine the career aspirations, job satisfaction, and job efficacy of department heads. Using data from an original survey instrument…

  16. A Case Study in Change and Conflict: The Dallas Independent School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Joyce E.; Garza, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    This research is a case study of change and racial/ethnic conflict in the Dallas, Texas, Independent School District (DISD). Data are drawn from observations of monthly meetings of the school board. The focus is on communication as cultural projection among African American and Mexican American delegations at meetings and on the reactions evoked…

  17. School Independence Measure: Conceptual Framework and Use with Children with ADHD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilczenski, Felicia L.; Ferguson, Tammi

    This paper presents the outcomes of a study that investigated the psychometric properties of the School Independence Measure (SIM), an assessment designed to evaluate functional performance in a school setting and to monitor changes in function over time. The SIM operationally defines and criterion references tasks essential to a child's…

  18. Introducing and Integrating Gifted Education into an Existing Independent School: An Analysis of Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKibben, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    In this analysis of practice, I conduct a combination formative and summative program evaluation of an initiative introduced to serve gifted learners at The Ocean School (TOS), an independent, Pre-K-grade 8 day school located in a rural area of the West Coast. Using the best practices as articulated by the National Association of Gifted Children…

  19. Tapping on the Glass: The Intersection of Leadership and Gender in Independent School Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostos, Barbara Escobio

    2012-01-01

    While independent schools are a small sector of the American school system, they educate a significant cross section of society. Creating equitable models of leadership in their top administrative positions is important as students see those models and equate them with what leaders look and act like. This study examined leadership styles of heads…

  20. Goal-Driven, Girl-Driven: Citizenship Education in an English Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leighton, Ralph

    2013-01-01

    Numerous studies have identified the nature and effect of the various versions of the national curriculum for citizenship education in state schools in England. However, considerably less attention has been given to independent schools in England, even though they do not have to follow the national curriculum and their pupils will go on to play…

  1. Gendering/ed Research Spaces: Insights from a Study of Independent Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbes, Joan; Weiner, Gaby

    2013-01-01

    This paper draws on a research study into multiple capitals in independent schooling in Scotland. We examine gender discourses and practices in the specific inter/institutional space created within school and research group relations. A three-level conceptual framing of physical, social and intellectual space is used together with theorizations of…

  2. When Mission and Market Forces Intersect: How Independent Schools Navigated Economic Uncertainty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Barry; Rush, Matthew J.

    2013-01-01

    Nationwide, the Great Recession arrived as independent schools entered various stages of strategic planning, building projects, fund-raising drives, enrollment efforts, and programmatic reforms--and all schools needed to consider how best to proceed. In order to understand the actual effects of the economic downturn, the authors undertook a…

  3. Comprehensive Profile of the San Antonio Independent School District, 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Antonio Independent School District, TX.

    This report is a collection of statistical data about the San Antonio (Texas) Independent School District. Perspectives are presented at two different levels. First, information from the 1984-85 school year is displayed. Second, trends from past years are presented using five or ten year groupings, depending on information availability. Most…

  4. Teaching by Degrees: The University Backgrounds of State and Independent School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Philip

    2015-01-01

    In 2003, the Sutton Trust published a study on the university backgrounds of teachers in the state and independent sector by Prof. Alan Smithers and Dr. Louise Tracey. This report revisits this topic, using 2015 data from the National Foundation for Educational Research's Teacher Voice Omnibus survey, and the Independent Schools Council's Teacher…

  5. Gender and School Choice: Factors Influencing Parents When Choosing Single-Sex or Co-Educational Independent Schools for Their Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Carolyn; Bisset, Moray

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores factors influencing parents' choices of single-sex or co-educational schools in the independent sector. In doing so, it explores two relatively under-researched aspects of school choice by focusing upon gender and upon the middle classes. The paper draws upon research conducted in three independent schools--a boys' school, a…

  6. Learn to Do Something New: Collaboration on McNair Middle School's Independent Study Offers Fresh Skills for Gifted Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Sarah B.; Seward, Vanessa

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors describe McNair Middle School's Independent Study process. Each year in late January the authors connect to look at the calendar to schedule time for the seventh-grade gifted and talented (GT) students to come to the school library to begin their annual Independent Study. "Independent study is a planned research…

  7. Local School Ideologies and Inclusion: The Case of Swedish Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goransson, Kerstin; Malmqvist, Johan; Nilholm, Claes

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of a framework for the classification of local school ideologies in relation to inclusion that provides a tool for classifying the general educational direction as well as work with pupils in need of special support of individual schools. The framework defines different aspects of local school ideology in…

  8. HIGH LONESOME: A School Community Survey of the Encino Rural Independent School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Church, Mary Josephine; And Others

    An assessment of school facilities and services and a survey of staff, student, and community attitudes was undertaken at the request of the Encino School Board to aid in educational planning and improvement for its small rural school which is faced with the problems of declining population (from 400 to 150 in the past 20 years), declining…

  9. Schools Going Mobile: A Study of the Adoption of Mobile Handheld Technologies in Western Australian Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pegrum, Mark; Oakley, Grace; Faulkner, Robert

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the adoption of mobile handheld technologies in ten Western Australian independent schools, based on interviews with staff conducted in 2011. iPads were the most popular device, followed by iPod Touches and iPhones. Class sets were common at lower levels, with 1:1 models becoming increasingly common at higher levels. Mobile…

  10. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2009 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Each district that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 Trial Urban District Assessment in reading receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Houston Independent School District's student achievement in reading. In…

  11. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2009 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Each district that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2009 Trial Urban District Assessment in reading receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Houston Independent School District's student achievement in reading. In…

  12. An Evaluation of Independent Study Programs in the Secondary Schools of Vancouver.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, E. N.; Moodie, Allan G.

    Questionnaires were sent to principals of the Vancouver secondary schools to determine what opportunities were provided for students to study independently. Summaries of results for each question are given. It was concluded that although well-organized and evaluated study programs are rare and principals are ambivalent about their merit, there is…

  13. Recipes for Success: Independent Schools Break the Mold When It Comes to Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoner, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Most communicators are not giving up print or other traditional media. But they recognize that social media has quickly become an important channel for the audiences they want to reach. Social media adds texture and complexity to the marketing mix. To take advantage of social media, it pays to be nimble. Independent schools' communicators…

  14. Edgewood Independent School District, Title VII Bilingual Education Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1970-71.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgewood Independent School District, San Antonio, TX.

    The 1970-71 evaluation of the Title VII bilingual education program in the Edgewood Independent School District in San Antonio, Texas, is presented in this report. The report discusses the program with regard to (1) curriculum development, (2) staff development, (3) community involvement, and (4) the pre- and post-tests given to the students. The…

  15. Build Bridge Believe: Houston Independent School District 2012-2013 Annual Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Independent School District, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report provides standard facts and figures about the Houston Independent School District's (HISD) finances, student populations, achievements, and more. HISD has humanized that data, as well, with vignettes and profiles that typify the remarkable programs and individuals in the district. One of the three drivers to achieve the vision of…

  16. "I Just Want to Teach": Queensland Independent School Teachers and Their Workload

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timms, Carolyn; Graham, Deborah; Cottrell, David

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The present study seeks to elucidate observed mismatches with workload in teacher respondents to a survey exploring aspects of the work environment. Design/methodology/approach: This phase of the study constituted a pen and paper survey of 298 currently serving teachers in independent schools in Queensland, Australia. Measures used in the…

  17. Checklists for Business Managers. A Tool for Effective Independent School Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Schools, Boston, MA.

    The business office guides of the departments of education of Illinois and New Jersey served as the basic resource documents in forming this guide for independent school business managers. The checklists are grouped under the following headings: financial management, insurance and risk management, records retention, purchasing, nonacademic staff,…

  18. Opportunity in an Age of Disruption: How Independent Schools Can Lead the Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katzman, John; Horn, Michael B.

    2016-01-01

    Technologies used in new business models have disrupted almost every sector of the economy. Many are now beginning to discuss when disruption will come to independent schools. The answer, of course, is that it has already happened; in areas such as admissions, college guidance, and learning content, there are disruptive innovations that are…

  19. The Independent School Financial Model Is Broken: Here's How We Fix It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farber, John S.

    2012-01-01

    All of those who work in independent schools have read a variety of material regarding strategies to improve their financial model. But as the author sees it, in the current economic conditions, there are really only two possible solutions for improving financial structures. They can no longer rely on their traditional strategy of increasing…

  20. Integrated Language and Content Instruction in Qatar Independent Schools: Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellili-Cherif, Maha

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore teachers' attitudes towards the shift to English as a medium of instruction in Qatari Independent schools. It focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of this approach for teachers and students, and the challenges they face in the process of its implementation. Data for the study were collected by means…

  1. Measuring Our Success: How to Gauge the "Value Added" by an Independent School Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulla, John; Jorgenson, Olaf

    2014-01-01

    Having addressed variations of the question--How can a school's success be "measured"?--with mixed results across a collective five decades of service to boards, John Gulla and Olaf Jorgenson endeavored to develop a more helpful answer. To this end, they queried 200-plus leaders of California Association of Independent Schools…

  2. Factors Affecting Student Retention at One Independent School in the Southwest

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahlstrom, Dan Roger

    2013-01-01

    This mixed-methods case study determined the factors and examined the issues associated with student retention at a faith-based independent day school in southwestern United States of America. The data included online surveys, personal interviews, collection of archival information, and the researcher's extensive field notes. Surveys (530) were…

  3. Practitioner Research regarding Independent Learning in Sixth-Form Education within Eight Bedfordshire Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mistrano, Al

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct research about independent learning in post-16 education in order to assist the author, a teacher and senior leader, with developing college-wide improvement strategies. The research consisted of observations and surveys of teachers and students at eight schools in Bedfordshire in order to investigate the…

  4. Increasing Student Performance on the Independent School Entrance Exam (ISEE) Using the Gap Analysis Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarshar, Shanon Etty

    2013-01-01

    Using the Gap Analysis problem-solving framework (Clark & Estes, 2008), this study examined the performance gap experienced by 6th grade students on the math sections of the ISEE (Independent School Entrance Exam). The purpose of the study was to identify and validate the knowledge, motivation, and organization causes of the students' low…

  5. The Research and Evaluation Agenda for the Austin Independent School District, 1991-92.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.

    Evaluations and other major projects of the Austin (Texas) Independent School District (AISD) Office of Research and Evaluation for 1991-92 will focus on: (1) externally funded programs; (2) system-wide achievement testing; and (3) system-wide evaluation. Eight evaluations will assess the impact of programs and grants funded by federal or state…

  6. The Research and Evaluation Agenda for the Austin Independent School District 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.

    The proposed activities of the Office of Research and Evaluation of the Austin (Texas) Independent School District in 1990-91 are outlined. Evaluations and other major projects focus on: (1) externally funded projects; (2) systemwide achievement testing; and (3) systemwide evaluation. Twelve evaluations will assess the impact of programs and…

  7. World of Learning: Houston Independent School District 2014 Annual Report and 2015 Calendar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Independent School District, 2015

    2015-01-01

    No other city in the nation more clearly exemplifies the dramatically changing social, political, and economic landscape of America's urban centers than Houston. Houston has transformed from a bi-racial southern city on the bayou to one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse communities in the nation. Houston Independent School District…

  8. Independent Instruction in High School Chemistry: A Comparison with a Traditional Technique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braly, Joe Lee

    The purpose of the study was to determine differences in chemistry resulting from a traditional and an independent technique of teaching. The population included four chemistry classes at Scottsdale Saguaro High School. Intact groups were assigned to experimental or control groups by random processes. The control group was presented the CHEM Study…

  9. "Capitalizing on Sport": Sport, Physical Education and Multiple Capitals in Scottish Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horne, John; Lingard, Bob; Weiner, Gaby; Forbes, Joan

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on a research study into the existence and use of different forms of capital--including social, cultural and physical capital--in three independent schools in Scotland. We were interested in understanding how these forms of capital work to produce and reproduce "advantage" and "privilege". Analysis is framed by a multiple capitals…

  10. School Performance Review: Hamilton Independent School District. A Report from the Texas Performance Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, John

    This report provides a performance review of a Texas school district. For the review, investigators interviewed district employees, school-board members, students, parents, business leaders, and representatives from community organizations. The review team also held public forums, conducted focus-group sessions and personal interviews, surveyed…

  11. School Performance Review: Port Arthur Independent School District. A Report from the Texas Performance Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, John

    This report provides a performance review of a Texas school district. For the review, investigators interviewed district employees, school-board members, students, parents, business leaders, and representatives from community organizations. The review team also held public forums, conducted focus-group sessions and personal interviews, surveyed…

  12. THE SCHOOL LIBRARY, FACILITIES FOR INDEPENDENT STUDY IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ELLSWORTH, RALPH F.

    EXISTING SCHOOL LIBRARY PROBLEMS ARE EXPLORED TO AID IN PLANNING FOR THE KINDS OF LIBRARY FACILITIES THAT COMPRISE CURRENT AND FUTURE NEEDS. BASIC TO ALL PROBLEMS ARE THE ATTITUDES OF THE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR AND LIBRARIAN. THESE TWO MUST LEARN TO UNDERSTAND THE ROLE OF THE LIBRARY MUTUALLY. ONE AREA OF NECESSARY AGREEMENT IS LIBRARY CONTENT. THE…

  13. Independent School Has Everything but a Large Tuition Revenue Stream: Waterside School, Stamford, Connecticut

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Waterside School began in the mind of hedge fund manager Chip Kruger. While playing golf at the Innis Arden Golf Club in Greenwich, Connecticut, he noticed that the seventh green bordered Stamford's impoverished and crime-ridden South End. As Kruger considered his own opportunities and the prestigious schools his children attended, including…

  14. The Management of Independent Secondary School Libraries in England and Wales: The Skills and Perceptions of Library Managers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Richard; Matthews, Graham; Ashcroft, Linda; Farrow, Janet

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates aspects of the management of independent secondary school libraries in England and Wales. It is based on a survey of 150 independent school library managers, with a response rate of 68.7 percent, which was carried out as part of an ongoing PhD research project. The paper considers a range of issues important to school…

  15. Principal Self-Government and Subjectification: The Exercise of Principal Autonomy in the Western Australian Independent Public Schools Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gobby, Brad

    2013-01-01

    The launch of the Independent Public Schools (IPS) programme in Western Australia (WA) in 2010 reflects the neoliberal policy discourse of decentralisation and school self-management sweeping across many of the world's education systems. IPS provides WA state school principals with decision-making authority in a range of areas, including the…

  16. A Review of the Operations of the State Board of Independent Postsecondary Vocational, Technical, Trade, and Business Schools. Report 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Postsecondary Education Planning Commission, Tallahassee.

    A review was conducted of the operations of the State Board of Independent Postsecondary Vocational, Technical, Trade, and Business Schools in Florida. The review had the following aims: to determine the history of board action upon school closure and recommend changes to protect students adequately when their schools close; to examine the…

  17. Frank F. Liestman Elementary School of Alief Independent School District: Design Development Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1977

    This publication is the design development presentation for an energy-conserving elementary school building proposed for Alief, Texas. Some of the energy conservation features presented in this proposal include: (1) wind powered emergency electrical system; (2) complete insulation resulting in a building with an over-all U factor of .04; (3) air…

  18. Interweavings: An Independent School in Flint, Michigan Is Not So Independent When It Comes to Families and the Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Scott

    1993-01-01

    The Valley School, Flint (Michigan), an ethnically and economically diverse private school, involves parents and the community to a remarkable degree, in establishing policies and in hands-on practice in the classroom. The principal's leadership is a major factor in sustaining the involvement planned for since the school's founding. (SLD)

  19. St. Paul Open School: The St. Paul Public Schools Independent School District Number 625. Evaluation Report, August 1972. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joiner, Lee M.

    The St. Paul Open School, funded in part under Title III of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, is a non-graded kindergarten through twelfth grade school where students progress at their own rate of speed in each area of learning. It is child-centered rather than subject-centered, with the emphasis on learning rather than teaching; on…

  20. Participants in school-sponsored and independent sports: perceptions of self and family.

    PubMed

    Browne, B A; Francis, S K

    1993-01-01

    Sports are believed to contribute to physical well-being, social adjustment, and self-esteem. In this study, perceptions of social competence and family dynamics were examined among adolescent participants in school-sponsored and independent sports (baseball and skateboarding). Subjects, aged 12 to 19 years, completed a questionnaire consisting of FACES III, a social competence scale, and miscellaneous items concerning school performance, sports commitment, and perceptions of adult attitudes. Perceptions of social competence were differentially related to degree of sports involvement and perceived skill but were not related to the social acceptability of the sport. Adolescents in both groups depicted their families as demonstrating low levels of cohesion but high adaptability. PMID:8317284

  1. Developing a collaboration with the Houston independent school district: testing the generalizability of a partnership model.

    PubMed

    Poduska, Jeanne; Gomez, Mary Jane; Capo, Zeph; Holmes, Venita

    2012-07-01

    Moving evidence-based practices into real-world settings is a high priority for education and public health. This paper describes the development of a partnership among the Houston Independent School District, the American Institutes of Research, and the Houston Federation of Teachers to support research on and program sustainability for the Good Behavior Game, a team-based classroom behavior management strategy that has shown positive impact in randomized field trials. The conceptual framework guiding partnership development is presented, followed by an application of the framework in Houston. Lessons learned and implications for the next stage of research and practice are then discussed. PMID:22183441

  2. Academies in England and Independent Schools ("Fristående Skolor") in Sweden: Policy, Privatisation, Access and Segregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Academies (and free schools) in England and independent grant-aided schools, "fristående skolor" (or "friskolor"), in Sweden have been the subject of much academic debate, but there is a paucity of comparative research relating to policy development or outcomes. This paper adopts a comparative perspective, outlining the…

  3. Modernizing "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez": How Evolving Supreme Court Jurisprudence Changes the Face of Education Finance Litigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saleh, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to "modernize" the current legal debate over inequitable public school funding at the state and local level. The 1973 Supreme Court case of "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez" established precedent, allowing for property-tax based education funding programs at the state-level--a major source of local inequality…

  4. A State of the Art Study on the Independent Private School Industry in the State of Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, H. H.

    The state of the art of an educational entity which has served America since the early 18th century is presented in this study, which describes the origins and characteristics of the independent private or proprietary schools in Illinois. The word "industry" is used for these schools because they constitute a profit-seeking, tax-paying business…

  5. [The Effect of Individually Prescribed Instruction on the Independent Behavior of Gifted Children in Two Schools in the Elk Grove School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

    In addition to rating the independent behavior of gifted children in the individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) program, this study also attempts to measure the attitude of children, parents, and teachers toward the IPI program. The report discusses the rationale behind IPI, the school population in the study and control schools, and the…

  6. Negotiating Identity in a Bubble: A Critical Race Analysis of African American High School Students' Experiences in an Elite, Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.

    2007-01-01

    This study used critical race theory to examine how African American adolescents negotiated race and class identity at Wells Academy, a predominately white, independent school. Interviews were conducted, exploring the experiences of six African American high school students. Their counterstories were analyzed focusing on the critique of…

  7. Promoting independent ambulation: A case study of an elementary school student with developmental disabilities.

    PubMed

    O'Handley, Roderick D; Dadakhodjaeva, Komila; Radley, Keith C; Dart, Evan H

    2016-09-01

    The limited independent ambulation of individuals with developmental disabilities may be improved with the utilization of support walker devices. In the present study, a forward chaining procedure with an embedded changing criterion component was used to teach an elementary school student with multiple disabilities to acquire and maintain the skills needed to use his walker device successfully, and to increase his total distance walked while using his walker device. Results indicated that the student quickly acquired three of the four requisite steps necessary to use the walker device, but eventually acquired all four steps after procedural modifications. After mastering the four steps, the student gradually increased his total distance walked. Results were maintained when assessed two months post-intervention. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:27314891

  8. A Look at Programs for Limited English Speakers. Austin Independent School District 1985-86. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuyler, Nancy; Garcia-Hashas, Patty

    An examination of the effectiveness of programs for limited-English proficient (LEP) students in the Austin Independent School District (AISD) derived information on LEP student counts, programs and services for LEP students, program costs, and LEP student achievement. Information indicated that the count of LEP students was growing (3,042 in…

  9. Differences in Scholastic Achievement of Public, Private Government-Dependent, and Private Independent Schools: A Cross-National Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dronkers, Jaap; Robert, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The gross differences in scholastic achievement among public, private government-dependent, and private independent schools in 22 countries are analyzed with Programme for International Student Assessment 2000 data. In a multilevel approach, the authors estimate these sector effects, controlling for sociological characteristics of students and…

  10. Developing an Observation Instrument to Support Authentic Independent Reading Time during School in a Data-Driven World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Lunetta M.; Hall, Katrina W.; Hedrick, Wanda B.; Lamkin, Marcia; Abendroth, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to develop an instrument to measure reading during in-school independent reading (ISIR). Procedures to establish validity and reliability of the instrument included videotaping and observing students during ISIR, gathering feedback from literacy experts, establishing interrater reliability, crosschecking…

  11. Pursuing Perfection: Distress and Interpersonal Functioning among Adolescent Boys in Single-Sex and Co-Educational Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coren, Sidney A.; Luthar, Suniya S.

    2014-01-01

    This study extends past findings of heightened problems among affluent youth by examining adjustment patterns among boys in two academically elite, independent high schools: one for boys only and the other co-educational. Both samples manifested disproportionately high rates of internalizing and externalizing symptoms, but only the co-educational…

  12. American Academy of School Psychology Survey on the Independent Educational Evaluation for a Specific Learning Disability: Results and Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrank, Fredrick A.; Miller, Jeffrey A.; Caterino, Linda C.; Desrochers, John

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews the results of a survey of the Fellows of the American Academy of School Psychology (Academy; AASP) regarding the independent educational evaluation (IEE) for a specific learning disability (SLD). Academy Fellows were asked about important components of the IEE, desirable evaluator qualifications, and recommended criteria for…

  13. Every Day We're Shufflin': Empowering Students during In-School Independent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Katrina W.; Hedrick, Wanda B.; Williams, Lunetta M.

    2014-01-01

    Research in the field of literacy has identified choice as a key component affecting students' reading habits and their resulting literacy growth. This article discusses an in-school independent reading project in which students are provided the freedom to choose books, use ambient music, and engage in book talks. The children showed…

  14. Quantification of Self Pollution from Two Diesel School Buses using Three Independent Methods.

    PubMed

    Liu, L-J Sally; Phuleria, Harish C; Webber, Whitney; Davey, Mark; Lawson, Douglas R; Ireson, Robert G; Zielinska, Barbara; Ondov, John M; Weaver, Christopher S; Lapin, Charles A; Easter, Michael; Hesterberg, Thomas W; Larson, Timothy

    2010-09-01

    We monitored two Seattle school buses to quantify the buses' self pollution using the dual tracers (DT), lead vehicle (LV), and chemical mass balance (CMB) methods. Each bus drove along a residential route simulating stops, with windows closed or open. Particulate matter (PM) and its constituents were monitored in the bus and from a LV. We collected source samples from the tailpipe and crankcase emissions using an on-board dilution tunnel. Concentrations of PM(1), ultrafine particle counts, elemental and organic carbon (EC/OC) were higher on the bus than the LV. The DT method estimated that the tailpipe and the crankcase emissions contributed 1.1 and 6.8 mug/m(3) of PM(2.5) inside the bus, respectively, with significantly higher crankcase self pollution (SP) when windows were closed. Approximately two-thirds of in-cabin PM(2.5) originated from background sources. Using the LV approach, SP estimates from the EC and the active personal DataRAM (pDR) measurements correlated well with the DT estimates for tailpipe and crankcase emissions, respectively, although both measurements need further calibration for accurate quantification. CMB results overestimated SP from the DT method but confirmed crankcase emissions as the major SP source. We confirmed buses' SP using three independent methods and quantified crankcase emissions as the dominant contributor. PMID:20694046

  15. The Effects of Authentic Science Research on High School Students Engaged in an Independent Astronomy Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinson, Michael; Gutierrez, E.; Niedbalec, A.; Sprow, H.; Linahan, M.

    2013-01-01

    Four high school students were engaged in an independent research project searching for young stellar objects in Rho Ophiuchus (L1688). Students used the Spitzer Heritage Archive to obtain data under the guidance of their science teacher. The goal of this research project was to expose students to authentic scientific research, something that can rarely be recreated in the classroom. Compared to the linear path of the science classroom, this project allowed students to develop critical thinking skills which resulted in a deeper understanding of astronomy. Additionally, this project allowed for the spread of scientific research by making posters and giving scientific presentations. This program also exposed students to possible careers and future learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math. This work was based on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, obtained from the NASA/ IPAC Infrared Science Archive, both of which are operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  16. Quantification of Self Pollution from Two Diesel School Buses using Three Independent Methods

    PubMed Central

    Liu, L.-J. Sally; Phuleria, Harish C.; Webber, Whitney; Davey, Mark; Lawson, Douglas R.; Ireson, Robert G.; Zielinska, Barbara; Ondov, John M.; Weaver, Christopher S.; Lapin, Charles A.; Easter, Michael; Hesterberg, Thomas W.; Larson, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    We monitored two Seattle school buses to quantify the buses’ self pollution using the dual tracers (DT), lead vehicle (LV), and chemical mass balance (CMB) methods. Each bus drove along a residential route simulating stops, with windows closed or open. Particulate matter (PM) and its constituents were monitored in the bus and from a LV. We collected source samples from the tailpipe and crankcase emissions using an on-board dilution tunnel. Concentrations of PM1, ultrafine particle counts, elemental and organic carbon (EC/OC) were higher on the bus than the LV. The DT method estimated that the tailpipe and the crankcase emissions contributed 1.1 and 6.8 μg/m3 of PM2.5 inside the bus, respectively, with significantly higher crankcase self pollution (SP) when windows were closed. Approximately two-thirds of in-cabin PM2.5 originated from background sources. Using the LV approach, SP estimates from the EC and the active personal DataRAM (pDR) measurements correlated well with the DT estimates for tailpipe and crankcase emissions, respectively, although both measurements need further calibration for accurate quantification. CMB results overestimated SP from the DT method but confirmed crankcase emissions as the major SP source. We confirmed buses’ SP using three independent methods and quantified crankcase emissions as the dominant contributor. PMID:20694046

  17. School Reform in Chattanooga. An Independent Report on the Chattanooga Public Schools Middle Grades Reform Initiatives. 1994-1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Barnett; And Others

    1995-01-01

    The Chattanooga (Tennessee) public schools are building a national reputation for the work they are doing to improve the city's schools. The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, which has promised substantial grants for the reform of urban middle school education in Chattanooga, asked the Southern Education Foundation, through its Focused Reporting…

  18. School Head, Know Thy Neighbor: Why You Should Get out of the Office and Meet Your Neighboring Non-Independent School Colleagues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Independent schools are increasingly placing significant priority on community service and understand the important messages about social and personal responsibility that these programs convey to students, along with the invaluable hands-on, real-world experience that they get in community service work. And while student community service is…

  19. 1976-1977 Final Report and Evaluation, Title IV Project, Independent School District #12 (Blaine, Minnesota).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bercier, Byron

    Objectives of the Title IV Indian Education Program were designed to meet the educational needs of the Native American students within the public school as defined by Federal program regulations. During the 1976-77 school year, the Parent Committee hired a Home/School Coordinator, the only staff position in the program. The Coordinator was to…

  20. Musical Independence and Contributing Academic/Musical Experiences for Students in Good Rural Appalachian Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobbett, Gordon C.; Bobbett, Nan C.

    Using identified factors that affect students' musical outcomes, this research study examined how instrumental music students attending "good" rural Appalachian high schools compared to other instrumental students. "Good" refers to those 12 Appalachian rural school districts identified as the best out of 46 rural county school districts in…

  1. An Admirable Faculty: Recruiting, Hiring, Training, and Retaining the Best Independent School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gow, Peter

    2005-01-01

    In this comprehensive manual, author Peter Gow helps schools become communities where teachers are nurtured "from raw recruits into seasoned, effective, and even beloved professionals." Peter Gow, academic dean at Beaver Country Day School (MA), lays out a step-by-step approach to building and keeping a strong faculty, a school's greatest asset.…

  2. Declarations of Independence: Home School Families' Perspectives on Education, the Common Good, and Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anthony, Kenneth V.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the perspectives of home school families regarding the rights, interests, and responsibilities of family and state over education. These families viewed the common good differently than critics of home schooling. They believed the diversity of curriculum and worldview in their home schools positively impacts the common good by…

  3. Privatisation of Public Education? The Emergence of Independent Upper Secondary Schools in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arreman, Inger Erixon; Holm, Ann-Sofie

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the upper secondary (or post-16) school market. The study on which it is based, funded by the Swedish Research Council, was entitled "Upper-secondary education as a market". Empirical data include official statistics, policy documents, school publications, company reports and school visits. Printed and other news media were…

  4. World as The Biggest Clasroom. Travel as The Best Lesson. Independent Scientific School Expeditions.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oleksik, Ireneusz; Lorek, Grzegorz; Dacy-Ignatiuk, Katarzyna

    2013-04-01

    We are a group of teachers from Poland who think that classroom lessons are not enough for our pupils to understand the world. We had a dream to take our students and show them the most beautiful places and phenomena on the Earth. But how to do it? Though today's travelling is so easy as never before, there are still some problems for young Poles - not only funding but also philosophy of travelling. It looks that we found a solution a few years ago - why not to organise quite independent school scientific expeditions? Without travel agencies and agents we can reduce costs of travelling 2-3 times! And we did it! We buy cheap flight tickets, fly to our destination and then... we must manage with all problems ourselves. We sleep in tents or budget hostels, use local means of transport and eat food from cheap markets or street eating places. Our motto is: "To see as much as possible for the minimum money". There are many more advantages - we decide where to go and how much time we spend in one area, we can change our route in every moment if something appears worth seeing. Our small groups are very mobile, sometimes local people invite us to visit their houses (like in Iran or Morocco). Expeditions allow students to watch, feel, touch, taste and smell phenomena, places and organisms which they could only read about in a classroom and to understand people from other cultures and religions. The list of nature and culture jewels that we have already seen is still growing - sands and oasis of Sahara, snow peaks of Himalayas, salt waters of Caspian Sea in Iran, geysers, volcanoes and glaciers of Iceland, the biggest sea birds colonies and whales in the North Atlantic, ancient cities - Fez, Marrakesh, Esfahan, Varanasi and Yazd.

  5. Independent Public Schools: A Move to Increased Autonomy and Devolution of Decision-Making in Western Australian Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trimmer, Karen

    2013-01-01

    With the increasing diversity in schools and the call for addressing specific regional needs, decentralized regulation of the education system is often proposed as an alternative approach to achieve school improvement. Researchers have often associated experimentation and risk-taking as key aspects of effective educational leadership while…

  6. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  7. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  8. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  9. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  10. Social participation and independent mobility in children: the effects of two implementations of "we go to school alone".

    PubMed

    Prezza, Miretta; Alparone, Francesca Romana; Renzi, Daniela; Pietrobono, Annalisa

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research was to determine the outcomes of the "We go to school alone" program in two Districts of Rome through a longitudinal study involving 392 children (mean age = 8.37 years) and 270 parents. The outcomes of the program in the two Districts were very different. Only one resulted in an increase in children's autonomous mobility on the home-school journey, a reduction in the number of times a child was taken to school by car, and, even more important, in an increase in the general level of children's independent mobility in their neighborhood. The findings are discussed in terms of a process evaluation that enabled us to understand the differing results. PMID:20391051

  11. Final Evaluation Report of the Harlandale Independent School District's Bilingual Education Program, 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Helene W.

    Comprised of pre-K-6 and LLD (Language Learning Disability) classrooms, the program is designed to provide bilingual education for pupils who have limited English speaking ability. There are 1,612 pupils from 7 elementary schools and 1 junior high school. Program objectives are to: (1) prevent their educational retardation by instructing them in…

  12. Project Proficiency: Assessing the Independent Effects of High School Reform in an Urban District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baete, Glenn S.; Hochbein, Craig

    2014-01-01

    The authors sought to determine if an urban school district's effort to fundamentally change teaching, assessment, and intervention practices increased student achievement and decreased achievement variation among classrooms in 11 high schools. They examined Grade 11 mathematics achievement data from the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 Kentucky Core…

  13. School Achievement of Pupils from the Lower Strata in Public, Private Government-Dependent and Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test of the Coleman-Hoffer Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

    2006-01-01

    We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the PISA 2000 data on European high schools. In the eighty's, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious…

  14. A quantitative comparative analysis of Advancement via Independent Determination (AVID) in Texas middle schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reed, Krystal Astra

    The "Advancement via Individual Determination (AVID) program was designed to provide resources and strategies that enable underrepresented minority students to attend 4-year colleges" (AVID Center, 2013, p. 2). These students are characterized as the forgotten middle in that they have high test scores, average-to-low grades, minority or low socioeconomic status, and will be first-generation college students (AVID, 2011). Research indicates (Huerta, Watt, & Butcher, 2013) that strict adherence to 11 program components supports success of students enrolled in AVID, and AVID certification depends on districts following those components. Several studies (AVID Center, 2013) have investigated claims about the AVID program through qualitative analyses; however, very few have addressed this program quantitatively. This researcher sought to determine whether differences existed between student achievement and attendance rates between AVID and non-AVID middle schools. To achieve this goal, the researcher compared eighth-grade science and seventh- and eighth-grade mathematics scores from the 2007 to 2011 Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and overall attendance rates in demographically equivalent AVID and non-AVID middle schools. Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS) reports from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) were used to obtain 2007 to 2011 TAKS results and attendance information for the selected schools. The results indicated a statistically significant difference between AVID demonstration students and non-AVID students in schools with similar CI. No statistically significant differences were found on any component of the TAKS for AVID economically disadvantaged students. The mean scores indicated an achievement gap between non-AVID and AVID demonstration middle schools. The findings from the other three research questions indicated no statistically significant differences between AVID and non-AVID student passing rates on the seventh- and eighth

  15. Pursuing Perfection: Distress and Interpersonal Functioning Among Adolescent Boys in Single-Sex and Co-Educational Independent Schools.

    PubMed

    Coren, Sidney A; Luthar, Suniya S

    2014-11-01

    This study extends past findings of heightened problems among affluent youth by examining adjustment patterns among boys in two academically elite, independent high schools: one for boys only and the other coeducational. Both samples manifested disproportionately high rates of internalizing and externalizing symptoms, but only the co-educational boys showed elevations in substance use. Boys in both schools showed elevations in a new outcome domain examined: exhibitionistic narcissism. Multivariate analyses of predictors showed that parent criticism -- a defining feature of youths' maladaptive perfectionism -- and perceived maternal depression emerged as major vulnerability factors for both samples in relation to symptom levels. On other parenting dimensions, boys in the single-sex school seemed to be particularly sensitive to feelings of alienation from their fathers and perceived paternal depression. Envy of peers' attractiveness was associated with adolescent distress in both samples, but appeared to be especially critical for co-educational boys. Results are discussed, focusing on the costs and benefits of boys' attendance at a single-sex versus co-educational school, along with implications for practice and future research. PMID:25395693

  16. Pursuing Perfection: Distress and Interpersonal Functioning Among Adolescent Boys in Single-Sex and Co-Educational Independent Schools

    PubMed Central

    Coren, Sidney A.; Luthar, Suniya S.

    2014-01-01

    This study extends past findings of heightened problems among affluent youth by examining adjustment patterns among boys in two academically elite, independent high schools: one for boys only and the other coeducational. Both samples manifested disproportionately high rates of internalizing and externalizing symptoms, but only the co-educational boys showed elevations in substance use. Boys in both schools showed elevations in a new outcome domain examined: exhibitionistic narcissism. Multivariate analyses of predictors showed that parent criticism -- a defining feature of youths' maladaptive perfectionism -- and perceived maternal depression emerged as major vulnerability factors for both samples in relation to symptom levels. On other parenting dimensions, boys in the single-sex school seemed to be particularly sensitive to feelings of alienation from their fathers and perceived paternal depression. Envy of peers' attractiveness was associated with adolescent distress in both samples, but appeared to be especially critical for co-educational boys. Results are discussed, focusing on the costs and benefits of boys' attendance at a single-sex versus co-educational school, along with implications for practice and future research. PMID:25395693

  17. Final Evaluation Report of the San Marcos Independent School District's Bilingual Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Helene W.

    The program covers two public school districts, Harlandale and San Marcos, and Southwest Texas State University. This report, however, deals only with the San Marcos Bilingual Education Program, which provides bilingual education for pupils in grades K-5 who have limited English speaking ability. Due to parental requests, 19% monolingual English…

  18. Independent Thinkers and Learners: A Critical Evaluation of the "Growing Together Schools Programme"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharpe, Darren

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on primary data following an evaluative research project examining an innovative outdoor learning programme in the South East of England with pupils from year six in a primary school. The programme focused on enhancing the skills, experiences and personal attributes of children and young people to cope better with the…

  19. Evaluation of the Even Start--Padres y Progreso Program in the Houston Independent School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Carla J.; And Others

    The Even Start-Padres y Progreso program is a nationally funded program designed to prepare young children to enter school by not only offering early childhood education, but also assisting their families with adult literacy and English as a Second Language (ESL), parenting-skills training, and employment-skills training. An evaluation of the…

  20. Toward an Understanding of the Role of Relational Trust for New Heads of Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batiste, Harold Eugene, III

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of schools, it can be argued that trust is a complex absolute necessity if students are to be successful learners; if educators are to be successful facilitators and champions of learning; if the staff is to be successful providers of educational support; if parents, guardians, and families are to be successful partners with the…

  1. Caught in the Middle: State Accountability Requirements, Teacher Independence, and Local School Board Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Douglas B.

    2000-01-01

    School boards are challenged to reconcile differences between test-dominated accountability and the growing backlash against standards and assessments. The answer: a comprehensive accountability system that does not ignore state demands for improved achievement as measured by test scores, but places them in context with classroom practices. (MLH)

  2. The American School Board Member and His -- and Her -- Era of Fierce New Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyer, Louise

    1973-01-01

    School board members will no longer silently accept responsibility for the mistakes of professional educators. Boards, and the public they speak for, are demanding an educational product that can be evaluated and audited for its financial as well as its educational worth. Strong board leadership, a new image of governance, and a relationship of…

  3. Perceptions of Cyberbullying Management within Southern California Independent Middle Schools: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Suzanne Shaw

    2013-01-01

    Cyberbullying among students has become a serious issue for school communities, partly due to ubiquitous Internet access, instant messaging, and a myriad of social media websites that provide infinite ways to abuse, threaten, and insult others. In some cases, students have been cyberbullied so brutally that adolescent victims even contemplate or…

  4. Evaluation of Leadership Laboratory Program Conducted in the Fort Worth Independent School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gossie, Sandra

    The Leadership Laboratory for Student Development program, its rationale, objectives, and evaluation findings are discussed. The Leadership Lab, created to prepare a student leader to interact with a variety of people found in the typical school setting, provides students with structured learning experiences that progress from basic communication…

  5. Advancing Achievement: Findings from an Independent Evaluation of a Major After-School Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arbreton, Amy; Sheldon, Jessica; Bradshaw, Molly; Goldsmith, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This report presents outcomes from Public/Private Ventures research on CORAL, an eight-year, $58 million after-school initiative of The James Irvine Foundation. Findings described in the report demonstrate the relationship between high-quality literacy programming and academic gains and underscore the potential role that quality programs may play…

  6. Field Dependence-Independence and Physical Activity Engagement among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Wenhao; Chepyator-Thomson, Jepkorir Rose

    2009-01-01

    Background: Field dependence-independence (FDI) is a tendency to rely on external frames (given situations and authoritative people) or internal frames (oneself, including one's own body) for one's information processing and behavior. Literature has constantly reported that field-dependent (FD) individuals, who are less autonomous in…

  7. Success in a High School Completion Program and Its Relation to Field Dependence-Independence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnarumma, Theresa; And Others

    1980-01-01

    This study explored the cognitive style of field dependence-independence (FDI) and its relation to student attrition and performance on the General Educational Development Test and the Test of Adult Basic Education. Resultant correlations are discussed in terms of the usefulness of FDI in assessing the needs of adult learners. (Author/SK)

  8. Effects of a Photo Activity Schedule Book on Independent Task Changes by Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Community and School Job Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Keyla D; Gast, David L.; Ayres, Kevin M.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using a photo activity schedule book to increase independent transitioning between vocational tasks inside a school cafeteria and at a community job site. Three students with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities, enrolled in a self-contained classroom in a public high school,…

  9. The Relationship between Student's Quantitative Skills, Application of Math, Science Courses, and Science Marks at Single-Sex Independent High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cambridge, David

    2012-01-01

    For independent secondary schools who offer rigorous curriculum to attract students, integration of quantitative skills in the science courses has become an important definition of rigor. However, there is little research examining students' quantitative skills in relation to high school science performance within the single-sex independent…

  10. Field Dependence-Field Independence Cognitive Style, Gender, Career Choice and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onyekuru, Bruno Uchenna

    2015-01-01

    This is a descriptive study that investigated the relationships among field dependence-field independence cognitive style and gender, career choice and academic achievement of secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. From the initial sample of 320 senior secondary school one (SS1) students drawn from the…

  11. The Relationship between High School Music Activities and the College Student's Musical Independence. (How Musically Important Are All-State Band, Concert Festival, Private Lessons, Marching Contests, Etc.?).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobbett, Gordon C.; And Others

    This paper presents a study attempting to identify and evaluate high school activities that impact instrumental student outcome. High school music activities and their impact on student instrumental outcome from a variety of perspectives were examined. There is a subtle difference between musical independence and musical achievement. Musical…

  12. Naturally-Emerging Technology-Based Leadership Roles in Three Independent Schools: A Social Network-Based Case Study Using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velastegui, Pamela J.

    2013-01-01

    This hypothesis-generating case study investigates the naturally emerging roles of technology brokers and technology leaders in three independent schools in New York involving 92 school educators. A multiple and mixed method design utilizing Social Network Analysis (SNA) and fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (FSQCA) involved gathering…

  13. Understanding the drive to escort: a cross-sectional analysis examining parental attitudes towards children’s school travel and independent mobility

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The declining prevalence of Active School Transportation (AST) has been accompanied by a decrease in independent mobility internationally. The objective of this study was to compare family demographics and AST related perceptions of parents who let their children walk unescorted to/from school to those parents who escort (walk and drive) their children to/from school. By comparing these groups, insight was gained into how we may encourage greater AST and independent mobility in youth living in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area, Canada. Methods This study involved a cross-sectional design, using data from a self-reported questionnaire (n =1,016) that examined parental perceptions and attitudes regarding AST. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to explore the differences between households where children travelled independently to school or were escorted. Results Findings revealed that unescorted children were: significantly older, the families spoke predominantly English at home, more likely to live within one kilometer from school, and their parents agreed to a greater extent that they chose to reside in the current neighborhood in order for their child to walk to/from school. The parents of the escorted children worried significantly more about strangers and bullies approaching their child as well as the traffic volume around school. Conclusions From both a policy and research perspective, this study highlights the value of distinguishing between mode (i.e., walking or driving) and travel independence. For policy, our findings highlight the need for planning decisions about the siting of elementary schools to include considerations of the impact of catchment size on how children get to/from school. Given the importance of age, distance, and safety issues as significant correlates of independent mobility, research and practice should focus on the development and sustainability of non-infrastructure programs that alleviate parental

  14. Influence of Bisphenol A on Thyroid Volume and Structure Independent of Iodine in School Children

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Na; Zhou, Ying; Fu, Chaowei; Wang, Hexing; Huang, Peixin; Wang, Bin; Su, Meifang; Jiang, Feng; Fang, Hong; Zhao, Qi; Chen, Yue; Jiang, Qingwu

    2015-01-01

    Background Although several studies have evaluated the relationship between bisphenol A (BPA) and thyroid functions, their results are not entirely consistent. Little is known about BPA in relation to thyroid volume and structure. Methods We examined the association of BPA with thyroid volume and thyroid nodules using data from 718 Chinese children living in the East Coast of China in 2012. First morning urine samples were collected for the determination of urinary BPA, creatinine, and urinary iodine concentrations (UIC). Thyroid volume (TV) and nodules were assessed by thyroid ultrasonography. Results The median of TV was 3.14ml. 459(63.9%) children took iodized salt at home and the median of UIC was 159μg/l. BPA was detected in 99.9% of the urine samples and the medians for boys and girls were 2.64 and 2.35μg/g creatinine, respectively. Of all participants 14.0% had thyroid nodules. Urinary BPA concentration was inversely associated with thyroid volume (β = -0.033, 95% CI: -0.053, -0.013) and the risk for multiple nodules (OR = 0.78; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.97). The associations above were similar for children who consumed iodized salt and those consumed non-iodized salt. Conclusions The data suggest that BPA may be one of the influencing factors for TV and thyroid nodules and its effects are independent of iodine nutrition status in children. PMID:26496713

  15. Cary Potter on Independent Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Cary

    1978-01-01

    Cary Potter was President of the National Association of Independent Schools from 1964-1978. As he leaves NAIS he gives his views on education, on independence, on the independent school, on public responsibility, on choice in a free society, on educational change, and on the need for collective action by independent schools. (Author/RK)

  16. Hightower Engineering Academy Prepares High School Students for the Engineering Professions - A Program by the Fort Bend Independent School District - II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cain, Lee; Verret, Doug; Griffin, Richard

    1998-10-01

    Hightower Engineering Academy, a project of the Fort Bend Independent School District, near Houston Texas, introduces high school students to the engineering professions. It has a college preparatory curriculum in which students are first grounded in the fundamentals of science and mathematics. Then more specific courses help them develop an appreciation for, and many of the skills of, the engineering profession. The Academy will implement a consistent teaching philosophy using a diverse array of innovative technology. The Academy is unique in the degree of partnership with local industry and state universities. It is committed to using the best known science pedagogy in combination with proven teaching art, experienced science educators and state-of-the art facilities all aimed at providing future engineers with complete mastery of the foundation knowledge of the profession. Hightower is committed to a "constructivist" teaching philosophy, the synergy of teamwork, and an appreciation of personal and professional ethics To the greatest extent possible, Hightower will have working engineers present the profession to students. There will be guest lecturers, field trips, and mentorships. Students will participate in engineering-specific organizations and competitions. Students will build a portfolio of their accomplishments at Hightower. They will experience project-based learning, culminating in a senior project that will encompass college-level research, experimentation, data analysis, and technical writing.

  17. When What You Know Ain't Necessarily So: A Comparative Analysis of the Texas School Foundation School Program Revenues for Independent and Charter School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rolle, R. Anthony; Wood, R. Craig

    2012-01-01

    Texas charter school districts (CSDs) are accredited and monitored by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) utilizing the various components within the state accountability systems for both state and federal requirements. Yet, Texas CSDs are believed to operate with few regulatory restrictions on administrative, instructional, and pedagogical methods.…

  18. Teachers' Perception of School Climate in Independent Jewish Day Schools in Relation to Change and Transition of Leadership Personnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knafo, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between turnover of school leadership personnel and school climate as perceived by teachers. The study focused on Jewish day schools in the United States in different cities and states. Fifty Jewish day schools (ranging from preschool age to high school) participated in the study with 200 teachers from these…

  19. Houston, We Have a Problem: Studying the SAS Education Value-Added Assessment System (EVAAS) from Teachers' Perspectives in the Houston Independent School District (HISD)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Clarin

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the intended and unintended consequences associated with the Education Value-Added Assessment System (EVAAS) as perceived and experienced by teachers in the Houston Independent School District (HISD). To evaluate teacher effectiveness, HISD is using EVAAS for high-stakes consequences more than any other district or state in the…

  20. The Effect of Computer-Assisted Instruction and Field Independence on the Development of Rhythm Sight-Reading Skills of Middle School Instrumental Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Kenneth H.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated how the effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to teach rhythm reading skills may be influenced by subjects' level of field dependence/independence. The subjects for the study consisted of 120 middle school instrumental music students divided into four groups based on scores from the Group Embedded Figures…

  1. Examining Differentiation and Utilization of iPads across Content Areas in an Independent, PreK-4th Grade Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milman, Natalie B.; Carlson-Bancroft, Angela; Vanden Boogart, Amy

    2014-01-01

    This mixed methods case study examined the implementation of a 1:1 iPad initiative in a suburban, co-educational, independent, preK-4th grade elementary school in the United States. This article focuses on how teachers used iPads to differentiate instruction and across multiple content areas. Findings show the processes by which teachers employed…

  2. No Certification, No Training...No Problem: The Influence of Formative Beliefs and Learning Experiences in the Instructional Practice of New Independent School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Derick Graham

    2012-01-01

    This study sought to answer the question: "To what extent do prior beliefs about and experiences of teaching and learning influence the instructional practices of new independent school teachers," who are generally not required to have any formal pedagogical training or hold teacher certification prior to beginning full-time employment.…

  3. Towards a Logic of Citizenship: Public Examinations in Elementary Schools in Mexico, 1788 1848--State and Education before and after Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roldan Vera, Eugenia

    2010-01-01

    This article explores some of the specificities, transformations and continuities in the role of the state in education in Mexico (New Spain) over a long period of time (1788-1848) before and after independence, by focusing on the ritual of public examinations in elementary schools. In addition to a review of the laws and regulations that led to a…

  4. Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Adsorptive Media U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at Webb Consolidated Independent School District in Bruni, TX - Final Performance Evaluation Report

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report documents the activities performed and the results obtained from the arsenic removal treatment technology demonstration project at the Webb Consolidated Independent School District (Webb CISD) in Bruni, TX. The main objective of the project was to evaluate the effect...

  5. Track Data. Tweak Instruction. Repeat. A Constant Focus on Student Progress Boosts Achievement in Texas District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Frank, Valerie

    2014-01-01

    What kind of data does the Aldine (Texas) Independent School District collect on each of the 64,000 students in the system? The answer is: Traditional information--progress reports, grades, and state assessment results, including a statewide reading inventory given three times a year and state language acquisition tests. The school has a chart for…

  6. Education for the Energy Industry: An Idea from the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Ann D.; Griffin, Richard A.

    1997-01-01

    Education for the Energy Industry is an innovative, collaborative program for grades 4-12 planned for the Aldine (Texas) Independent School District's magnet schools in math, science, and the arts. Assisted by Rice University and major oil companies, the program allows students to use their knowledge to solve industry-related problems and apply…

  7. Greater years of maternal schooling and higher scores on academic achievement tests are independently associated with improved management of child diarrhea by rural Guatemalan mothers.

    PubMed

    Webb, Aimee L; Ramakrishnan, Usha; Stein, Aryeh D; Sellen, Daniel W; Merchant, Moeza; Martorell, Reynaldo

    2010-09-01

    Appropriate home management can alleviate many of the consequences of diarrhea including malnutrition, impaired development, growth faltering, and mortality. Maternal cognitive ability, years of schooling, and acquired academic skills are hypothesized to improve child health by improving maternal child care practices, such as illness management. Using information collected longitudinally in 1996-1999 from 466 rural Guatemalan women with children <36 months, we examined the independent associations between maternal years of schooling, academic skills, and scores on the Raven's Progressive Matrices and an illness management index (IMI). Women scoring in the lowest and middle tertiles of academic skills scored lower on the IMI compared to women in the highest tertile (-0.24 [95% CI: -0.54, 0.07]; -0.30 [95% CI: -0.54, -0.06], respectively) independent of sociodemographic factors, schooling, and Raven's scores. Among mothers with less than 1 year of schooling, scoring in the lowest tertile on the Raven's Progressive Matrices compared to the highest was significantly associated with scoring one point lower on the IMI (-1.18 [95% CI: -2.20, -0.17]). Greater academic skills were independently associated with maternal care during episodes of infant diarrhea. Schooling of young girls and/or community based programs that provide women with academic skills such as literacy, numeracy and knowledge could potentially improve mothers' care giving practices. PMID:19685178

  8. Independent mobility on the journey to school: A joint cross-sectional and prospective exploration of social and physical environmental influences

    PubMed Central

    Carver, Alison; Panter, Jenna R.; Jones, Andrew P.; van Sluijs, Esther M.F.

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite related physical/mental health benefits, children′s independent mobility for school travel (i.e. walking/cycling without adult accompaniment) has declined in recent decades. Purpose To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social/physical environmental variables and independent mobility on the school journey. Methods Participants were 1121 9–10 year-olds residing within 1600 m of their school in urban/rural areas of Norfolk, UK in 2007 (T1). At one year (T2) 491 children were followed-up. At T1, parents survey-reported perceptions of the social/physical environment and rules regarding their child′s physical activity. Characteristics of the neighborhood, route to school and school environment were measured using a Geographical Information System and school audits. At both time-points children survey-reported their usual travel mode and whether accompanied. Regression analyses were conducted in 2013. Results Around half walked/cycled to school without adult accompaniment (T1, 43%; T2, 53%). Parents often allowing their child to play outside anywhere within the neighborhood (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 3.14 (95% CI 1.24–7.96)) and household car access (AOR 0.27 (95% CI 0.08–0.94)) were associated longitudinally with boys walking/cycling independently to school. Land use mix (AOR 1.38 (95% CI 1.06–1.79)), proportion of main roads in the neighborhood (AOR 0.67 (95% CI 0.47–0.94)) and parental encouragement for walking/cycling (AOR 0.40 (95% CI 0.20–0.80)) were associated longitudinally with girls walking/cycling independently to school. Conclusions Interventions should develop parents′ skills to teach their children to be independently mobile and to build confidence regarding venturing out without parental accompaniment. Urban planners should consider designing neighborhoods in which residences, business/retail outlets and sports facilities are co-located to promote active transport. PMID:25568839

  9. Challenges Balancing Collaboration and Independence in Home-School Relationships: Analysis of Parents' Perceptions in One District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanat, Carolyn L.

    2010-01-01

    Research has documented the important role that parental involvement plays in children's learning. Yet, it can be challenging for schools to establish appropriate relationships with parents. Is there an optimal balance of collaborative and separate relationships between parents and schools? Twenty parents in one K-12 public school district in the…

  10. Associations between Reading Achievement and Independent Reading in Early Elementary School: A Genetically Informative Cross-Lagged Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harlaar, Nicole; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Thompson, Lee A.; DeThorne, Laura S.; Petrill, Stephen A.

    2011-01-01

    This study used a cross-lagged twin design to examine reading achievement and independent reading from 10 to 11 years (n = 436 twin pairs). Reading achievement at age 10 significantly predicted independent reading at age 11. The alternative path, from independent reading at age 10 to reading achievement at age 11, was not significant. Individual…

  11. The CEO Horizon Scholarship Program: A Case Study of School Vouchers in the Edgewood Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jay P.

    This report describes the results of an institutional analysis that examined the effects of the CEO Horizon Scholarship Program on schools in San Antonio, Texas. The scholarship program offered virtually all families in the school district a scholarship to send their children to the school of their choice, both public and private. The analysis is…

  12. Let the Marketplace Decide the Viability of Independent Schools. Part of a Symposium on Government Financing for Private Schools: Pros and Cons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelhardt, David F.

    Questioning the desirability of whether private schools should receive federal or state aid, the paper outlines how such aid can cause entanglement problems for private schools. In accepting governmental aid, private schools can lose their autonomy, including (1) the ability to select and dismiss students with autonomy, (2) the ability to advocate…

  13. A Heart as Big as Texas: Small-Town Roots Nurture a Houston Music Teacher's Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Patience

    2011-01-01

    Teaching music to nearly a thousand elementary students each week would make any educator break a sweat. But one would never know that from talking to MaryElla Neeley Stevens. After 30-plus years teaching K-4 music in the Aldine Independent School District of Houston, Texas, she still radiates positivity. Whether it's mentoring and training…

  14. Independence Day. Kindergarten Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Joe

    In this interdisciplinary curriculum unit for kindergarten, students gain an appreciation for the challenges facing the United States when the Declaration of Independence was written. Students work in groups to create their own pretend declaration of independence and develop a flag, national anthem, monuments, and plans for holidays. The student…

  15. Associations between reading achievement and independent reading in early elementary school: A genetically-informative cross-lagged study

    PubMed Central

    Harlaar, Nicole; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Thompson, Lee A.; DeThorne, Laura S.; Petrill, Stephen A.

    2013-01-01

    This study used a cross-lagged twin design to examine reading achievement and independent reading from 10 to 11 years (n = 436 twin pairs). Reading achievement at age 10 significantly predicted independent reading at age 11. The alternative path, from independent reading at age 10 to reading achievement at age 11, was not significant. Individual differences in reading achievement and independent reading at both ages were primarily due to genetic influences. Furthermore, individual differences in independent reading at age 11 partly reflected genetic influences on reading achievement at age 10. These findings suggest that genetic influences that contribute to individual differences in children’s reading abilities also influence the extent to which children actively seek out and create opportunities to read. PMID:22026450

  16. N400 Event-Related Potential and Standardized Measures of Reading in Late Elementary School Children: Correlated or Independent?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coch, Donna; Benoit, Clarisse

    2015-01-01

    We investigated whether and how standardized behavioral measures of reading and electrophysiological measures of reading were related in 72 typically developing, late elementary school children. Behavioral measures included standardized tests of spelling, phonological processing, vocabulary, comprehension, naming speed, and memory.…

  17. From High School Student to Lifelong Learner: Your Route to Independence. Research You Can Use: Lifelong Learning Series, Booklet 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotton, Kathleen

    This booklet is aimed at school students desiring to improve their lifelong learning skills. Part 1 is a checklist to help students determine their preferred learning styles, including sense modalities (reading, listening, viewing pictures or diagrams, touching, or moving) and best learning conditions (preferred sounds, lighting, temperature,…

  18. S.A.P. Students Adopt Plants: A Curriculum Guide for Independent Research Projects in High School Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Gayle A.

    This curriculum guide begins with classroom and text study of plants and develops into an individual research project that continues throughout the school year outside the regular biology or botany teaching plan and text. The project uses about one class period every 2 weeks for group discussions, evaluations, and suggestions for the individual…

  19. Altus Migrant Summer Programs, Title I ESEA (Altus Independent School District 18 [Oklahoma], June 2, 1975 - July 11, 1975).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altus Independent School District 18, OK.

    The purpose of the 1975 Migrant Summer School was to: (1) expand the migrant child's vocabulary, (2) improve his academic ability, (3) develop cultural enrichment, and (4) facilitate social adjustment. Specific objectives were: (1) developing reading skills to enable students to read easily materials on different levels, (2) developing writing…

  20. The Impact of PBL on the Students' Attitudes towards Science among Nine Graders in Hamza Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faris, Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    A weak negative attitude towards learning science was noticed among the students in Qatar, a matter that was reflected on their achievement in national tests. To test if the use of PBL would improve the students' attitudes towards learning science, a sample of 25 nine graders from Hamza school were motivated to plan their own investigations and to…

  1. The Effects of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy on Activities Important to Independent School Participation of Children with Hemiparesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Joan

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the efficacy of constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) on activities important to school participation in children with hemiparesis. Four children, ages 4-0 to 7-10 participated in an intensive CI therapy program in a clinical setting. Constraining casts were worn 24 hours daily. Therapy was delivered 6 hours…

  2. INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES. AN EXPERIMENTAL INDEPENDENT STUDY COURSE FOR GIFTED HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. TEACHER MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SANDBERG, JOHN H.; AND OTHERS

    "INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIAL SCIENCES" IS A RECOGNIZED AND ACCREDITED COURSE IN THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM. THOUGH IT IS OFFERED TO SENIORS WHO SCORE IN THE TOP TWO OR THREE PERCENTILE RANKS ON STANDARDIZED TESTS SUCH AS THE STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE SCALE, IT COULD BE DEVELOPED INTO A SEMINAR. MEETING ONCE OR TWICE A WEEK, THE TWO SEMESTER COURSE…

  3. Mathematics Motivation and Engagement: An Independent Evaluation of a Complex Model with Australian Rural High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plenty, Stephanie; Heubeck, Bernd G.

    2011-01-01

    Most traditional models of academic motivation focus on a small number of specific factors. However, the Student Motivation and Engagement Scale (MES) (Martin, 2007b) includes a fairly comprehensive range of perspectives on general student motivation. The current study set out (a) to provide an independent test of the proposed 11-factor structure…

  4. A FORMAL COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY AT THE SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL THROUGH INDEPENDENT STUDY, SUMMARY REPORT AND FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LAMIE, RICHARD G.

    THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTRODUCING A COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES WERE (1) TO ORGANIZE, EXAMINE, AND REVISE EXISTING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SUITABLE FOR USE IN AN INDEPENDENT STUDY COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY, (2) TO DEVELOP NEW INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND EXPERIENCES, (3) TO…

  5. Independence, Disengagement, and Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Ron

    2012-01-01

    School disengagement is linked to a lack of opportunities for students to fulfill their needs for independence and self-determination. Young people have little say about what, when, where, and how they will learn, the criteria used to assess their success, and the content of school and classroom rules. Traditional behavior management discourages…

  6. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in…

  7. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in…

  8. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2013 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in…

  9. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2013 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), in partnership with the National Assessment Governing Board and the Council of the Great City Schools (CGCS), created the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) in 2002 to support the improvement of student achievement in the nation's large urban districts. NAEP TUDA results in…

  10. Warm Parenting and Effortful Control in Toddlerhood: Independent and Interactive Predictors of School-Age Externalizing Behavior.

    PubMed

    Reuben, Julia D; Shaw, Daniel S; Neiderhiser, Jenae M; Natsuaki, Misaki N; Reiss, David; Leve, Leslie D

    2016-08-01

    Externalizing symptoms, such as aggression, impulsivity, and inattention, represent the most common forms of childhood maladjustment (Campbell et al. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 467-488, 2000). Several dimensions of parenting behavior, including overreactive and warm parenting, have been linked to children's conduct problems. However, the majority of these studies involve biologically-related family members, thereby limiting understanding of the role of genetic and/or environmental underpinnings of parenting on child psychopathology. This study extends previous research by exploring associations between overreactive and warm parenting during toddlerhood and school-age externalizing problems, as well as the potential moderating effects of child effortful control (EC) on such associations using a longitudinal adoption design. The sample consisted of 225 adoption-linked families (adoptive parents, adopted child [124 male and 101 female] and birth parent[s]), thereby allowing for a more precise estimate of environmental influences on the association between parenting and child externalizing problems. Adoptive mothers' warm parenting at 27 months predicted lower levels of child externalizing problems at ages 6 and 7. Child EC moderated this association in relation to teacher reports of school-age externalizing problems. Findings corroborate prior research with biological families that was not designed to unpack genetic and environmental influences on associations between parenting and child externalizing problems during childhood, highlighting the important role of parental warmth as an environmental influence. PMID:26496906

  11. Dependence of P-wave dispersion on mean arterial pressure as an independent hemodynamic variable in school children

    PubMed Central

    González, Emilio F.; Llanes, María del Carmen; Llanes, Merlin Garí; García, Yosvany

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The relationship between diastolic dysfunction and P-wave dispersion (PWD) in the electrocardiogram has been studied for some time. In this regard, echocardiography is emerging as a diagnostic tool to improve risk stratification for mild hypertension. Objective: To determine the dependence of PWD on the electrocardiogram and on echocardiographic variables in a pediatric population. Methods: 515 children from three elementary schools were studied from a total of 565 children. Those whose parents did not want them to take part in the study, as well as those with known congenital diseases, were excluded. Tests including 12-lead surface ECGs and 4 blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed. Maximum and minimum P-values were measured, and the PWD on the electrocardiogram was calculated. Echocardiography for structural measurements and the pulsed Doppler of mitral flow were also performed. Results: A significant correlation in statistical variables was found between PWD and mean BP for pre-hypertensive and hypertensive children, i.e., r = 0.32, p <0.01 and r = 0.33, p <0.01, respectively. There was a significant correlation found between PWD and the left atrial area (r = 0.45 and p <0.01). Conclusions: We highlight the dependency between PWD, the electrocardiogram and mean blood pressure. We also draw attention to the dependence of PWD on the duration of the mitral inflow A-wave. This result provides an explanation for earlier changes in atrial electrophysiological and hemodynamic characteristics in pediatric patients. PMID:24892616

  12. Regular-Soda Intake Independent of Weight Status Is Associated with Asthma among US High School Students

    PubMed Central

    Park, Sohyun; Blanck, Heidi M.; Sherry, Bettylou; Jones, Sherry Everett; Pan, Liping

    2015-01-01

    Limited research shows an inconclusive association between soda intake and asthma, potentially attributable to certain preservatives in sodas. This cross-sectional study examined the association between regular (nondiet)-soda intake and current asthma among a nationally representative sample of high school students. Analysis was based on the 2009 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey and included 15,960 students (grades 9 through 12) with data for both regular-soda intake and current asthma status. The outcome measure was current asthma (ie, told by doctor/nurse that they had asthma and still have asthma). The main exposure variable was regular-soda intake (ie, drank a can/bottle/glass of soda during the 7 days before the survey). Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratios for regular-soda intake with current asthma after controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, weight status, and current cigarette use. Overall, 10.8% of students had current asthma. In addition, 9.7% of students who did not drink regular soda had current asthma, and 14.7% of students who drank regular soda three or more times per day had current asthma. Compared with those who did not drink regular soda, odds of having current asthma were higher among students who drank regular soda two times per day (adjusted odds ratio = 1.28; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.62) and three or more times per day (adjusted odds ratio = 1.64; 95% CI 1.25 to 2.16). The association between high regular-soda intake and current asthma suggests efforts to reduce regular-soda intake among youth might have benefits beyond improving diet quality. However, this association needs additional research, such as a longitudinal examination. PMID:23260727

  13. Working memory in school-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder combined type: are deficits modality specific and are they independent of impaired inhibitory control?

    PubMed

    Brocki, Karin C; Randall, Kate D; Bohlin, Gunilla; Kerns, Kimberly A

    2008-10-01

    This study examines differences between children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder combined type (ADHD-C) and normal controls on verbal and visuospatial working-memory (WM) tasks. The extent to which WM deficits in children with ADHD-C are independent of impaired inhibitory control was also examined. Two groups of 7- to 12-year-old boys participated in this study. The first group included 31 boys diagnosed with ADHD-C, and the second group included 34 boys without ADHD. Various verbal and visuospatial WM tasks and two inhibitory control tasks--prepotent response inhibition and interference control--were used. Overall, our results suggest impaired verbal and visuospatial WM processes in children with ADHD-C, as well as a lower level of performance on prepotent response inhibition. WM deficits in ADHD have previously been suggested to be particularly salient in the spatial domain; our results instead showed the largest effect for a verbal WM task thought to put heavy load on the executive or attentional control component of the WM system. An interpretation of this finding is that it is variation in terms of difficulty level or load on the executive WM processes, rather than variation in modality (verbal versus visuospatial), that is important in demonstrating WM deficits in ADHD-C. Finally, findings from logistic regression analyses showed that deficits in WM and inhibitory control seem to be semi-independent in children with ADHD-C, at least with regard to the elementary school age. PMID:18608645

  14. Are Independent Probes Truly Independent?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camp, Gino; Pecher, Diane; Schmidt, Henk G.; Zeelenberg, Rene

    2009-01-01

    The independent cue technique has been developed to test traditional interference theories against inhibition theories of forgetting. In the present study, the authors tested the critical criterion for the independence of independent cues: Studied cues not presented during test (and unrelated to test cues) should not contribute to the retrieval…

  15. Postcard from Independence, Mo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archer, Jeff

    2004-01-01

    This article reports results showing that the Independence, Missori school district failed to meet almost every one of its improvement goals under the No Child Left Behind Act. The state accreditation system stresses improvement over past scores, while the federal law demands specified amounts of annual progress toward the ultimate goal of 100…

  16. Independence and Survival.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, H. Thomas

    Independent schools that are of viable size, well managed, and strategically located to meet competition will survive and prosper past the current financial crisis. We live in a complex technological society with insatiable demands for knowledgeable people to keep it running. The future will be marked by the orderly selection of qualified people,…

  17. In the Maelstrom of American Independent Education: A School Leader's Guide to Chaos, Change, Competing Agendas, and the Dilemmas that Won't Go Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Stephen J.

    2014-01-01

    Today, independent school leaders operate at the fault line of pundits, parents, teachers, staff, students, board members, researchers, consultants, and more. They need to lead key constituents while weighing constituent expectations. They need to know how to sift through the increasing flow of evolving practices, research, and viewpoints…

  18. Independent Schools and the SAT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amada

    2016-01-01

    In September 2015, when the College Board released its average SAT scores for the 2015 graduating class, two details stood out for many educators: (1) the record participation and diversity numbers (close to 1.7 million students took the test, with 50 percent being students of color); and (2) the test's lower average scores compared with previous…

  19. Program Evaluation Report for Sulphur Springs Independent School District Project STYLE (Students and Teachers Yearning to Learn Effectively) 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Julie P.; Jackson, Sherion H.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present findings from a program evaluation conducted to examine the effectiveness of the Schools Attuned program in a north Texas school district. Schools Attuned was developed by a professor of pediatrics, Dr. Mel Levine (2002), as a professional development model to train teachers to identify cognitive and…

  20. Salam's independence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fraser, Gordon

    2009-01-01

    In his kind review of my biography of the Nobel laureate Abdus Salam (December 2008 pp45-46), John W Moffat wrongly claims that Salam had "independently thought of the idea of parity violation in weak interactions".

  1. Judicial Independence: An International Comparison Service. A Lesson Plan for High School Law-Related Educators To Support "Understanding the Federal Courts."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Washington, DC.

    It is widely believed that the judiciary can maintain the rule of law and guarantee fundamental rights only if it is independent from political and other pressures. Most countries have provisions in their constitutions guaranteeing an independent judiciary. Usually, this independence has two faces: institutional measures that separate the…

  2. A Study of At-Risk Students' Perceptions of an Online Academic Credit Recovery Program in an Urban North Texas Independent School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Mychl K.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research study was to describe and analyze at-risk high school students' perceptions of their experiences with online academic credit recovery classes offered to them through an urban school district's dropout prevention department. The review of literature concerning curricula for online programs revealed that the…

  3. Understanding independence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Annan, James; Hargreaves, Julia

    2016-04-01

    In order to perform any Bayesian processing of a model ensemble, we need a prior over the ensemble members. In the case of multimodel ensembles such as CMIP, the historical approach of ``model democracy'' (i.e. equal weight for all models in the sample) is no longer credible (if it ever was) due to model duplication and inbreeding. The question of ``model independence'' is central to the question of prior weights. However, although this question has been repeatedly raised, it has not yet been satisfactorily addressed. Here I will discuss the issue of independence and present a theoretical foundation for understanding and analysing the ensemble in this context. I will also present some simple examples showing how these ideas may be applied and developed.

  4. The freedom to explore: examining the influence of independent mobility on weekday, weekend and after-school physical activity behaviour in children living in urban and inner-suburban neighbourhoods of varying socioeconomic status

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Children’s independent mobility (CIM) is critical to healthy development in childhood. The physical layout and social characteristics of neighbourhoods can impact opportunities for CIM. While global evidence is mounting on CIM, to the authors’ knowledge, Canadian data on CIM and related health outcomes (i.e., physical activity (PA) behaviour) are missing. The purpose of this study was to examine if CIM is related to multiple characteristics of accelerometry-measured PA behaviour (total PA, light PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, time spent sedentary) and whether associations between CIM and PA behaviour systematically vary by place of residence, stratifying by gender and type of day/period (weekdays, after-school, weekend). Methods Participants were recruited through Project BEAT (Built Environment and Active Transport; http://www.beat.utoronto.ca). Children (n = 856) were stratified into four neighbourhood classifications based on the period of neighbourhood development (urban built environment (BE) (old BE) versus inner-suburban BE (new BE)) and socioeconomic status (SES; low SES and high SES). Physical activity was measured via accelerometry (ActiGraph GT1M). CIM was assessed via parental report and two categories were created (low CIM, n = 332; high CIM, n = 524). A series of two-factor ANOVAs were used to determine gender-specific differences in PA for weekdays, weekend days and the after-school period, according to level of CIM, across four neighbourhood classifications. Results Children who were granted at least some independent mobility (high CIM) had more positive PA profiles across the school week, during the after-school period, and over the weekend; they were also less sedentary. The influence of CIM on PA behaviour was particularly salient during the after-school period. Associations of CIM with PA varied by gender, and also by neighbourhood classification. CIM seemed to matter more in urban neighbourhoods for boys and suburban

  5. Ready, Set, Go! for Independent Living. Breakthrough Strategies To Teach and Counsel Troubled Youth: Social Skills, School Skills, Coping Skills Lesson Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Ruth Herman

    This document is one of eight in a series of guides designed to help teach and counsel troubled youth. This document presents 20 lessons on the social skills necessary to live independently. It includes four lessons designed to help students accurately evaluate their readiness for independent living. Other lessons teach the basic steps for…

  6. Teaching the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, John J.

    The Declaration of Independence is the founding document of the United States. It is part of the social studies core curriculum in U.S. schools. By the time they graduate from high school, students are expected to know the main ideas in the Declaration of Independence and their significance. This digest discusses: (1) the origins of the…

  7. How To Create an Independent Research Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krieger, Melanie Jacobs

    This guide explains how to establish a research program within a school and how to get students involved in independent research projects and national research competitions. Chapter 1, "Selling the Program," examines benefits to the community, school, teachers, and students. Chapter 2, "Assessing Your Situation," discusses how independent research…

  8. 'Independence' Panorama

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for 'Independence' Panorama (QTVR)

    This is the Spirit 'Independence' panorama, acquired on martian days, or sols, 536 to 543 (July 6 to 13, 2005), from a position in the 'Columbia Hills' near the summit of 'Husband Hill.' The summit of 'Husband Hill' is the peak near the right side of this panorama and is about 100 meters (328 feet) away from the rover and about 30 meters (98 feet) higher in elevation. The rocky outcrops downhill and on the left side of this mosaic include 'Larry's Lookout' and 'Cumberland Ridge,' which Spirit explored in April, May, and June of 2005.

    The panorama spans 360 degrees and consists of 108 individual images, each acquired with five filters of the rover's panoramic camera. The approximate true color of the mosaic was generated using the camera's 750-, 530-, and 480-nanometer filters. During the 8 martian days, or sols, that it took to acquire this image, the lighting varied considerably, partly because of imaging at different times of sol, and partly because of small sol-to-sol variations in the dustiness of the atmosphere. These slight changes produced some image seams and rock shadows. These seams have been eliminated from the sky portion of the mosaic to better simulate the vista a person standing on Mars would see. However, it is often not possible or practical to smooth out such seams for regions of rock, soil, rover tracks or solar panels. Such is the nature of acquiring and assembling large panoramas from the rovers.

  9. Independent Study Unit for Exceptional Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Marleen; And Others

    The program is designed to provide an opportunity in independent study for junior high school students with high ability and motivation. The independent study program is undertaken with the guidance of an advisor. Four independent study activities offered to the student are: write a research paper on Arizona history, government, U.S. History, and…

  10. Managing Multiple Sources of Information in an Independent K-12 Private School: A Case Study in a Student Information Systems Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yares, Ali Chava Kaufman

    2010-01-01

    Information is everywhere and finding the best method to manage it is a problem that all types of organizations have to deal with. Schools use Student Information Systems (SIS) to manage Student Data, Financial Information, Development, Human Resources, Admission, Financial Aid, Enrollment, Scheduling, and Health Information. A survey of 107…

  11. Development and Implementation of a New Type Program of Secondary School Physics, A Four-Year, Independent, Individualized, Modular Program, Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deall, Louis

    Reported is a project designed to develop and implement a secondary school physics program that allowed for student variation in individual learning style, mathematical aptitude and topical interests. Initiated in 1967, this four-year individualized, modular program is divided into four major phases: (1) introductory and instruments, (2)…

  12. Preparing School News Releases for the Media. G-1 Informing the Public, Document No. 10i, Revised. Independent Study Training Material for Professional Supervisory Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLuca, Stuart M.

    This self-instructional learning packet is one part of a competency-guided program for instructional supervisor preparation developed by the Special Education Supervisor Training (SEST) project. This packet deals with the task of promoting a favorable public image of school programs through effective use of the news media. The packet consists of…

  13. An Independent School Library-Classroom-Parent Partnership Program To Encourage Respect, Responsibility, Courtesy, and Caring for Students Prekindergarten through Eighth Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Eleanor

    A practicum was designed to enhance prekindergarten through eighth grade students' standards of conduct with the assistance of parents, teachers, and the school librarian. Literature themes, discussions, and five special programs were the major components for an 8-month period. Students were encouraged to exhibit positive behaviors, and respect,…

  14. Improving the School-to-University Transition: Using a Problem-Based Approach to Teach Practical Skills whilst Simultaneously Developing Students' Independent Study Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Catherine J.

    2012-01-01

    Despite being criticised for placing little emphasis on thinking, the majority of laboratory work at school level is taught "via" expository "recipe-style" labs. This has been seen to result in students struggling to be able to apply the practical techniques they have learnt in the classroom outside the narrow environment in which they were…

  15. Independent Education in Southern Africa. ISIS Document No. 33.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Peter

    This study describes the legal status, aims, organization, resources, role and future prospects of the independent educational sector in five Southern African countries and the context in which it operates. The term "independent" schools is meant to include what traditionally have been called private schools, and also includes schools that are run…

  16. Tight Focus on Instruction Wins Texas District Prize

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Lesli A.

    2009-01-01

    It took a while for four-time finalist Aldine, Texas, to win the Broad Prize for Urban Education. But it took even longer to craft the system that ultimately put the district over the top. Educators in Aldine district have been working for more than a decade to refine their "managed instruction" system. Reviewers examined how the school district,…

  17. Supporting Independence in Adolescents on the Autism Spectrum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hume, Kara; Boyd, Brian A.; Hamm, Jill V.; Kucharczyk, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    The development of independent behavior is a critical, challenging process for all youth as they pass through the high school environment into adulthood. Although most high school students gain skills related to independence, the independent behaviors of their peers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) plateau and decline. These skill deficits and…

  18. Independence Generalizing Monotone and Boolean Independences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hasebe, Takahiro

    2011-01-01

    We define conditionally monotone independence in two states which interpolates monotone and Boolean ones. This independence is associative, and therefore leads to a natural probability theory in a non-commutative algebra.

  19. School Environment and School Injuries

    PubMed Central

    Salminen, Simo; Kurenniemi, Marja; Råback, Mirka; Markkula, Jaana; Lounamaa, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Background: Although injuries at school are an important issue in public health, environmental factors in schools and school yards have seldom been the focus of school injury research. The goal of our investigation was to examine the effect of environmental factors on school injuries. Methods: Nine comprehensive Finnish schools registered school injuries over a period of two school years. Injuries were classified as being associated with environmental factors, suspected environmental factors, and others. The consensus between two independent classifiers was 81%. Results: A total of 722 injuries were classified. In 11.6% of these injuries, the physical environment factor was evident, and in 28.1% of the injuries, physical environment was suspected of being a contributory risk factor. Thus the physical environment of the school was a contributing factor in over a third (39.7%) of injuries occurring in the school, on the school yard or during the journey to, or from school. In this study, conducted in Finland, ice on the ground was mentioned most frequently as an environmental risk factor. Conclusion: In Finland, the Nordic weather conditions are not taken into account in the school yard and playground plans as they ought to from the safety point of view. An initiative has been launched on a mandatory wintertime master plan for every school yard. PMID:24455667

  20. Independent Peer Reviews

    SciTech Connect

    2012-03-16

    Independent Assessments: DOE's Systems Integrator convenes independent technical reviews to gauge progress toward meeting specific technical targets and to provide technical information necessary for key decisions.

  1. Amarillo Independent School District: Accumulating Democracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breier, Betsy Broyles

    2011-01-01

    This case, set in the high plateau of the Texas Panhandle, covers the years 1998-2004. The focus is on voting rights. The Amarillo board members, like board members in most Texas districts, were elected at large. Faced with a voting rights lawsuit filed by the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, the League of United Latin American…

  2. Independent Activities for Accelerated Students: Individualized Reading Instruction for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapides Parish School Board, Alexandria, LAa.

    The teaching guide for use with accelerated elementary school students contains suggestions for independent reading activities, a list of independent reading books for beginning readers, and suggestions for creative activities. Stressed is the value of sharing enthusiasm about books to spur independent reading. Suggestions are given for talking…

  3. Contractor or Employee? Reporting Independent Contractor Payments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickson, Roger J.

    1993-01-01

    Congress has approved new penalties to be assessed against employers who improperly file required tax forms. Includes a 20-factor control test developed by the Internal Revenue Service to help determine whether a worker is an employee or an independent contractor. School business officials should review payment procedures to ensure that proper tax…

  4. Problems Identifying Independent and Dependent Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leatham, Keith R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses one step from the scientific method--that of identifying independent and dependent variables--from both scientific and mathematical perspectives. It begins by analyzing an episode from a middle school mathematics classroom that illustrates the need for students and teachers alike to develop a robust understanding of…

  5. The School Inspector Calls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussain, Iftikhar

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluates a subjective performance-evaluation regime in place in the English public school system since the early 1990s. Under this regime, independent inspectors visit schools, assess schools' performance, and disclose their findings on the Internet. Inspectors combine hard metrics, such as test scores, with softer ones, such as…

  6. Factors that Impact Student Usage of the Learning Management System in Qatari Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nasser, Ramzi; Cherif, Maha; Romanowski, Michael

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to enhance teacher and student performance in school, a learning management system (LMS) known as Knowledge-Net (K-Net) was introduced in Qatari independent schools. (All public schools in Qatar have transformed to independent schools; the independent schools model is similar to the charter school system in North America.) An LMS is…

  7. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1986-01-01

    Garland Independent School District (Texas) has a clear-cut policy of free choice regarding union membership and has placed firm restrictions on union activities during shool hours. The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals recently upheld these restrictions but struck down a superintendent's claim that teachers' private communications violated district…

  8. Independence of Internal Auditors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montondon, Lucille; Meixner, Wilda F.

    1993-01-01

    A survey of 288 college and university auditors investigated patterns in their appointment, reporting, and supervisory practices as indicators of independence and objectivity. Results indicate a weakness in the positioning of internal auditing within institutions, possibly compromising auditor independence. Because the auditing function is…

  9. American Independence. Fifth Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, Annette

    This fifth grade teaching unit covers early conflicts between the American colonies and Britain, battles of the American Revolutionary War, and the Declaration of Independence. Knowledge goals address the pre-revolutionary acts enforced by the British, the concepts of conflict and independence, and the major events and significant people from the…

  10. Fostering Musical Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shieh, Eric; Allsup, Randall Everett

    2016-01-01

    Musical independence has always been an essential aim of musical instruction. But this objective can refer to everything from high levels of musical expertise to more student choice in the classroom. While most conceptualizations of musical independence emphasize the demonstration of knowledge and skills within particular music traditions, this…

  11. Centering on Independent Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Stephanie

    Independent study is an instructional approach that can have enormous power in the classroom. It can be used successfully with students at all ability levels, even though it is often associated with gifted students. Independent study is an opportunity for students to study a subject of their own choosing under the guidance of a teacher. The…

  12. Aspire Public Schools: From 10 Schools to 6-Million Kids

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colby, Susan; Wicoff, Kimberly

    2006-01-01

    Don Shalvey (former superintendent of the San Carlos, California school district) believes strongly that every kid in California deserves a great education. This belief led him in 1993 to found the first charter school (an independently-run public school) in California. Shalvey's first charter school attracted a great deal of attention, and soon…

  13. Vallivue Middle School: Our Schools Are Our Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Vallivue School District, located about 20 minutes from Boise, Idaho, can trace its origins to 13 rural schools scattered throughout Canyon County. The schools served students from kindergarten through eighth grade, and each building was independently administered by local school boards. Those boards were consolidated into a single district in…

  14. Data Machine Independence

    1994-12-30

    Data-machine independence achieved by using four technologies (ASN.1, XDR, SDS, and ZEBRA) has been evaluated by encoding two different applications in each of the above; and their results compared against the standard programming method using C.

  15. Media independent interface

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    The work done on the Media Independent Interface (MII) Interface Control Document (ICD) program is described and recommendations based on it were made. Explanations and rationale for the content of the ICD itself are presented.

  16. Using the iPod to Teach Freedom and Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmitz, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Technology is making it easier for people with disabilities to function independently in their homes, workplaces, schools, and communities. Things that were once thought impossible are now possible with the aid of new tools available to assist in the transition toward independent living. None have had as big an impact as the iPod Touch. When most…

  17. Political Independence and Educational Opportunity in Peninsular Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirschman, Charles

    1979-01-01

    Chronicles the rapid growth in educational achievement and equality which has taken place in Malaysia as a result of political independence in 1957. Theorizes that the policies of the independent government, particularly in the area of greater accessibility of primary schooling, are largely responsible for the reduction of educational disparities.…

  18. Selecting Silicon: Why Parents Choose Cybercharter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Rose M.; Carr-Chellman, Alison A.; Sockman, Beth R.

    2009-01-01

    In 2008, 41 states in the United States had created charter school laws. Charter school laws provide the guidelines for creating independent public schools by educators, parents, community leaders, or educational entrepreneurs. The basic goal of charter schools is to create better educational opportunities for students. These schools provide an…

  19. New York City's Charter Schools Overall Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoxby, Caroline M.; Murarka, Sonali

    2007-01-01

    This multi-year study reports on results for New York City Charter Schools through the 2005-2006 school year. As independent entities within the public sector, charter schools vary in their policies and practices. Policies that are unusual in traditional public schools but fairly common among New York City's charter schools include long school…

  20. Independent NOAA considered

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    A proposal to pull the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) out of the Department of Commerce and make it an independent agency was the subject of a recent congressional hearing. Supporters within the science community and in Congress said that an independent NOAA will benefit by being more visible and by not being tied to a cabinet-level department whose main concerns lie elsewhere. The proposal's critics, however, cautioned that making NOAA independent could make it even more vulnerable to the budget axe and would sever the agency's direct access to the President.The separation of NOAA from Commerce was contained in a June 1 proposal by President Ronald Reagan that also called for all federal trade functions under the Department of Commerce to be reorganized into a new Department of International Trade and Industry (DITI).

  1. Independent technical review, handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    Purpose Provide an independent engineering review of the major projects being funded by the Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management. The independent engineering review will address questions of whether the engineering practice is sufficiently developed to a point where a major project can be executed without significant technical problems. The independent review will focus on questions related to: (1) Adequacy of development of the technical base of understanding; (2) Status of development and availability of technology among the various alternatives; (3) Status and availability of the industrial infrastructure to support project design, equipment fabrication, facility construction, and process and program/project operation; (4) Adequacy of the design effort to provide a sound foundation to support execution of project; (5) Ability of the organization to fully integrate the system, and direct, manage, and control the execution of a complex major project.

  2. Supporting independent inventors

    SciTech Connect

    Bernard, M.J. III; Whalley, P.; Loyola Univ., Chicago, IL . Dept. of Sociology)

    1989-01-01

    Independent inventors contribute products to the marketplace despite the well-financed brain trusts at corporate, university, and federal R and D laboratories. But given the environment in which the basement/garage inventor labors, transferring a worthwhile invention into a commercial product is quite difficult. There is a growing effort by many state and local agencies and organizations to improve the inventor's working environment and begin to routinize the process of developing ideas and inventional of independent inventors into commercial products. 4 refs.

  3. Stella: Independence through Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danker, Cherry B.

    1993-01-01

    The author reminisces about her aunt Stella Bolstridge (1894-1989), who came from a large poor family in rural Maine, yet completed high school and nurses' training, served as an Army nurse in France during World War I, and became a lifelong advocate of women's education and women's rights. (SV)

  4. Contacting American Overseas Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelhardt, David

    1993-01-01

    Provides contacts for architects or educational consultants who wish to work overseas. Cites a directory, newsletters, newspapers, and associations focused on educators involved with independent overseas schools that are organized around the United States curriculum. (MLF)

  5. Touchstones of Independence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roha, Thomas Arden

    1999-01-01

    Foundations affiliated with public higher education institutions can avoid having to open records for public scrutiny, by having independent boards of directors, occupying leased office space or paying market value for university space, using only foundation personnel, retaining legal counsel, being forthcoming with information and use of public…

  6. Independent Human Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Suzanne; Wilson, Gordon

    1978-01-01

    The Independent Human Studies program at Schoolcraft College offers an alternative method of earning academic credits. Students delineate an area of study, pose research questions, gather resources, synthesize the information, state the thesis, choose the method of presentation, set schedules, and take responsibility for meeting deadlines. (MB)

  7. Caring about Independent Lives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Karen

    2010-01-01

    With the rhetoric of independence, new cash for care systems were introduced in many developed welfare states at the end of the 20th century. These systems allow local authorities to pay people who are eligible for community care services directly, to enable them to employ their own careworkers. Despite the obvious importance of the careworker's…

  8. MBA for the School Leader

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Andrew P.

    2012-01-01

    After five years of teaching in two San Francisco independent schools, the author returned to Stanford University to pursue an MBA and a Master's in Education. While it is true that some of the topics he studied, such as the weighted average cost of capital, have little, if any, use in the independent school world, throughout his two years at…

  9. The independent medical examination.

    PubMed

    Ameis, Arthur; Zasler, Nathan D

    2002-05-01

    The physiatrist, owing to expertise in impairment and disability analysis, is able to offer the medicolegal process considerable assistance. This chapter describes the scope and process of the independent medical examination (IME) and provides an overview of its component parts. Practical guidelines are provided for performing a physiatric IME of professional standard, and for serving as an impartial, expert witness. Caveats are described regarding testifying and medicolegal ethical issues along with practice management advice. PMID:12122847

  10. Agent independent task planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, William S.

    1990-01-01

    Agent-Independent Planning is a technique that allows the construction of activity plans without regard to the agent that will perform them. Once generated, a plan is then validated and translated into instructions for a particular agent, whether a robot, crewmember, or software-based control system. Because Space Station Freedom (SSF) is planned for orbital operations for approximately thirty years, it will almost certainly experience numerous enhancements and upgrades, including upgrades in robotic manipulators. Agent-Independent Planning provides the capability to construct plans for SSF operations, independent of specific robotic systems, by combining techniques of object oriented modeling, nonlinear planning and temporal logic. Since a plan is validated using the physical and functional models of a particular agent, new robotic systems can be developed and integrated with existing operations in a robust manner. This technique also provides the capability to generate plans for crewmembers with varying skill levels, and later apply these same plans to more sophisticated robotic manipulators made available by evolutions in technology.

  11. Heading a (Montessori) School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Dane L.

    2005-01-01

    Though Montessori schools have a unique mission, philosophy, and pedagogy, all independent schools have similar demands, functions, and requirements governing board care and education, state and federal mandates and compliances, child care, parent care and education, fundraising, financial standards, employment standards, and care of employees.…

  12. Boston Infill Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stull, Don; Heder, Lajos

    Concepts and recommendations are presented regarding a proposed system of dispersed classroom clusters or 'infill schools'. These small independent urban schools would be housed in prefabricated structures developed for infill housing in Boston. The infill unit uses pre-designed building components and can be constructed in a few weeks. The infill…

  13. Statistics of Universities, Colleges and Professional Schools, 1923-24. Bulletin, 1925, No. 45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1926

    1926-01-01

    For the school year 1923-24 reports were received from 913 universities, colleges, and professional schools. Of this number 144 are under public control and 769 under private control; 150 are independent professional schools. There are 165 schools of theology, 124 schools of law, 80 schools of medicine, 43 schools of dentistry, 63 schools of…

  14. Examination of Principals' Perceptions on School Climate in Metropolitan Nashville Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Constance L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the school climate of the Metropolitan Nashville Public Elementary Schools through the lenses of the principals. Principals' perceptions of their school climates was studied using independent variables of principal gender, years of experience as principal, tenure at present school, enrollment size of school,…

  15. School Competition and Efficiency with Publicly Funded Catholic Schools. NBER Working Paper No. 14176

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Card, David; Dooley, Martin; Payne, Abigail

    2008-01-01

    The province of Ontario has two publicly funded school systems: secular schools (known as public schools) that are open to all students, and separate schools that are open to children with Catholic backgrounds. The systems are administered independently and receive equal funding per student. In this paper we use detailed school and student-level…

  16. The Impact of Charter Schools on Public and Private School Enrollments. Policy Analysis. No. 707

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buddin, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly funded schools that have considerable independence from public school districts in their curriculum development and staffing decisions, and their enrollments have increased substantially over the past two decades. Charter schools are changing public and private school enrollment patterns across the United States. This…

  17. Independence among People with Disabilities: II. Personal Independence Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nosek, Margaret A.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Developed Personal Independence Profile (PIP) as an instrument to measure aspects of independence beyond physical and cognitive functioning in people with diverse disabilities. PIP was tested for reliability and validity with 185 subjects from 10 independent living centers. Findings suggest that the Personal Independence Profile measures the…

  18. Principles of School Business Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, R. Craig, Ed.

    This textbook of 24 chapters provides administrators and students with information on the role, activities, and responsibilities of the school business administrator. The independently authored chapters are titled as follows: (1) "Introduction to School Business Management" (F. Mike Miles); (2) "Legal Context of the Public School District" (Paul…

  19. Parents Who Bully the School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Robert; Thompson, Michael G.

    2016-01-01

    Over the last 30 years, Robert Evans and Michael Thompson have been called to consult with more than 2,000 schools independent and public, in the United States and internationally. These school visits have given them a deep appreciation for the range and complexity of challenges schools face and for their capacity to master evolving problems. With…

  20. An independent hydrogen source

    SciTech Connect

    Kobzenko, G.F.; Chubenko, M.V.; Kobzenko, N.S.; Senkevich, A.I.; Shkola, A.A.

    1985-10-01

    Descriptions are given of the design and operation of an independent hydrogen source used in purifying and storing hydrogen. If LaNi/sub 5/ or TiFe is used as the sorbent, one can store about 500 liter of chemically bound hydrogen in a vessel of 0.9 liter. Molecular purification of the desorbed hydrogen is used. The IHS is a safe hydrogen source, since the hydrogen is trapped in the sorbent in the chemically bound state and in equilibrium with LaNi/sub 5/Hx at room temperature. If necessary, the IHS can serve as a compressor and provide higher hydrogen pressures. The device is compact and transportable.

  1. Employee vs independent contractor.

    PubMed

    Kolender, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    Finding qualified personnel for the cancer registry department has become increasingly difficult, as experienced abstractors retire and cancer diagnoses increase. Faced with hiring challenges, managers turn to teleworkers to fill positions and accomplish work in a timely manner. Suddenly, the hospital hires new legal staff and all telework agreements are disrupted. The question arises: Are teleworkers employees or independent contractors? Creating telework positions requires approval from the legal department and human resources. Caught off-guard in the last quarter of the year, I found myself again faced with hiring challenges. PMID:23599033

  2. Myth or Truth: Independence Day.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Traci

    Most Americans think of the Fourth of July as Independence Day, but is it really the day the U.S. declared and celebrated independence? By exploring myths and truths surrounding Independence Day, this lesson asks students to think critically about commonly believed stories regarding the beginning of the Revolutionary War and the Independence Day…

  3. Independent task Fourier filters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caulfield, H. John

    2001-11-01

    Since the early 1960s, a major part of optical computing systems has been Fourier pattern recognition, which takes advantage of high speed filter changes to enable powerful nonlinear discrimination in `real time.' Because filter has a task quite independent of the tasks of the other filters, they can be applied and evaluated in parallel or, in a simple approach I describe, in sequence very rapidly. Thus I use the name ITFF (independent task Fourier filter). These filters can also break very complex discrimination tasks into easily handled parts, so the wonderful space invariance properties of Fourier filtering need not be sacrificed to achieve high discrimination and good generalizability even for ultracomplex discrimination problems. The training procedure proceeds sequentially, as the task for a given filter is defined a posteriori by declaring it to be the discrimination of particular members of set A from all members of set B with sufficient margin. That is, we set the threshold to achieve the desired margin and note the A members discriminated by that threshold. Discriminating those A members from all members of B becomes the task of that filter. Those A members are then removed from the set A, so no other filter will be asked to perform that already accomplished task.

  4. Frame independent cosmological perturbations

    SciTech Connect

    Prokopec, Tomislav; Weenink, Jan E-mail: j.g.weenink@uu.nl

    2013-09-01

    We compute the third order gauge invariant action for scalar-graviton interactions in the Jordan frame. We demonstrate that the gauge invariant action for scalar and tensor perturbations on one physical hypersurface only differs from that on another physical hypersurface via terms proportional to the equation of motion and boundary terms, such that the evolution of non-Gaussianity may be called unique. Moreover, we demonstrate that the gauge invariant curvature perturbation and graviton on uniform field hypersurfaces in the Jordan frame are equal to their counterparts in the Einstein frame. These frame independent perturbations are therefore particularly useful in relating results in different frames at the perturbative level. On the other hand, the field perturbation and graviton on uniform curvature hypersurfaces in the Jordan and Einstein frame are non-linearly related, as are their corresponding actions and n-point functions.

  5. The School Cafeteria and Equal Treatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Bryan P.

    1972-01-01

    The text of testimony before the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs concerning the participation of the San Diego Independent School District in the National School Lunch program, by the district superintendent. (JM)

  6. School Choice in Sweden: Effects on Student Performance, School Costs, and Segregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindbom, Anders

    2010-01-01

    This article presents empirical analyses of the effects of independent schools in Sweden. The most important result is that the impact--both the positive and the negative--is relatively marginal. This said, there are now a number of studies that show that when independent schools are established the pupils in municipal schools perform better.…

  7. For Small Schools, an Identity Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrie, Caroline

    1998-01-01

    Urban small-school proponents who desire more autonomy find charter schools appealing, since they receive public money but operate independently of the district structure. Others feel that charter schools are a stalking horse for private school vouchers and privatization, part of an attempt to undermine public education, or an abandonment of…

  8. Content Delivery for a Virtual High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, W. Joy

    2003-01-01

    In the fall of 2002, Visions In Education, a charter school for home-schooled and independent-study children, opened Visions High School Academy (www.visions academy.org), a virtual project-based high school. The five educators who started the program--Mark Jackson, Fred Lamora, Celine Darby, Jennifer Russell and the author--identified three…

  9. Nine Steps to a Successful Summer School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornberry, Nancy Ann

    1990-01-01

    The College Station (Texas) Independent School District spent several months improving its summer school programs, but the results have been well worth the effort. The district's first step was to create the new position of "summer school principal" at the elementary, junior high, and senior high levels. This action relieved school-year principals…

  10. The Potential of "Alternative" Charter School Authorizers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Bierlein

    2007-01-01

    In the early 1990s a handful of states created independent public charter schools, providing opportunities for teachers and others to develop innovative schooling options. Unlike private schools funded through vouchers or tuition tax credits, these new public schools practice open admissions, accepting all students as space permits. In exchange…

  11. Schools, Neighborhood Risk Factors, and Crime

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willits, Dale; Broidy, Lisa; Denman, Kristine

    2013-01-01

    Prior research has identified a link between schools (particularly high schools) and neighborhood crime rates. However, it remains unclear whether the relationship between schools and crime is a reflection of other criminogenic dynamics at the neighborhood level or whether schools influence neighborhood crime patterns independently of other…

  12. If You Require It, Will They Learn from It? Student Perceptions of an Independent Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conner, Jerusha O.

    2010-01-01

    Although most teachers believe that "students should write at least one in-depth paper during high school," the independent research paper is disappearing from high school curricula in the face of two competing pressures: the need to prepare for high-stakes tests and student "senioritis." In many high schools, the senior year has become "a…

  13. Wear Independent Similarity.

    PubMed

    Steele, Adam; Davis, Alexander; Kim, Joohyung; Loth, Eric; Bayer, Ilker S

    2015-06-17

    This study presents a new factor that can be used to design materials where desired surface properties must be retained under in-system wear and abrasion. To demonstrate this factor, a synthetic nonwetting coating is presented that retains chemical and geometric performance as material is removed under multiple wear conditions: a coarse vitrified abradant (similar to sanding), a smooth abradant (similar to rubbing), and a mild abradant (a blend of sanding and rubbing). With this approach, such a nonwetting material displays unprecedented mechanical durability while maintaining desired performance under a range of demanding conditions. This performance, herein termed wear independent similarity performance (WISP), is critical because multiple mechanisms and/or modes of wear can be expected to occur in many typical applications, e.g., combinations of abrasion, rubbing, contact fatigue, weathering, particle impact, etc. Furthermore, these multiple wear mechanisms tend to quickly degrade a novel surface's unique performance, and thus many promising surfaces and materials never scale out of research laboratories. Dynamic goniometry and scanning electron microscopy results presented herein provide insight into these underlying mechanisms, which may also be applied to other coatings and materials. PMID:26018058

  14. School Improvement Plans and Student Learning in Jamaica

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockheed, Marlaine; Harris, Abigail; Jayasundera, Tamara

    2010-01-01

    A school improvement program that provided support to poor-performing schools on the basis of needs identified in a school improvement plan was implemented in 72 government schools in Jamaica, from 1998 to 2005. In this independent evaluation of the program, we use propensity score matching to create, post hoc, a control group of schools that were…

  15. The Symbolic Order of School: Waldorf and College Prep.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Mary E.

    Schools embody a "symbolic order" communicated through school rituals and social and symbolic relationships. Schools possess a moral vision, a system of values and norms that they wish to develop in students. This paper compares the symbolic order of two independent schools, one a traditional college preparatory school (preschool-grade 12), the…

  16. Predicting Elementary and Secondary School Achievement with School-Related and Demographic Factors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Alice; Soderstrom, Irina

    1999-01-01

    Investigated relationships between school and social factors, reported on the Illinois School Report Card, and student achievement, indicated on the Illinois Goal Assessment Program (IGAP). All of the independent variables except high school per-pupil expenditures significantly related to achievement scores. A school's IGAP achievement score was…

  17. Impact of Function, Experience, and Training of School District Police on School Climate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denham, Magdalena

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the impact that function, experience, and training of Independent School District School Resource Officers (ISD SROs) have on school climate. The participants were ISD SROs (n = 172) and teachers (n = 162) located in middle and high schools in Texas. Method: The Role of Law…

  18. School of the Month: Northgate High School, Walnut Creek, California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dudley, Art

    1983-01-01

    Describes solutions to burgeoning student interest in computers instituted at Northgate High School, including a computer club and independent study in computers. Purpose, membership, scheduling, meetings and activities, courseware, worksheets, and quizzes are discussed. (EJS)

  19. Supporting the Student's Graduated Independence in Diabetes Care.

    PubMed

    Jackson, Crystal C; Albanese-O'Neill, Anastasia

    2016-07-01

    The gradual progression to self-management is a critical milestone for children/adolescents with diabetes. This article provides recommendations to facilitate collaboration between the student's family, diabetes healthcare provider, and school nurse to support and implement a plan that enables the child/adolescent to acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to successfully transition to independent management of diabetes. PMID:27260800

  20. Computers and Problem Solving: An Independent Study Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moursund, David

    The first chapter of this text for an independent study course on computers and problem solving provides an overview of computers in education which focuses on the three main instructional uses of computers in schools--learning about computers, the computer-as-tool, and computer-assisted instruction. Using a workshop format, chapter 2 discusses…

  1. Preliminary Training Proposal for Cessna Aircraft of Independence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Independence Community Coll., KS.

    This proposal for a program designed to train workers to manufacture single-engine, piston-driven aircraft for Cessna Corporation was developed by Independence Community College in conjunction with Pittsburgh State University (Kansas) and the Southeast Kansas Area Vocational-Technical School. The proposal provides for on-site training in a…

  2. The Field Dependence-Independence Construct: Some, One, or None.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Marcia C.; Kyllonen, Patrick

    The field dependency/independency construct (FDI) was measured using tests of perception of the upright such as the Rod and Frame Test (RFT) and tests of cognitive restructuring such as the Hidden Figures Test (HFT); relationships between cognitive restructing and perception of the upright were investigated. High school seniors received 34 tests…

  3. The Field Dependence-Independence Construct: Some, One or None.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Marcia C.; Kyllonen, Patrick

    1981-01-01

    The relationship between cognitive restructuring and perception of the upright (tests of which may be used to measure field dependence-independence [FDI]) was investigated. Data analysis of 34 tests administered to high school seniors, including 12 measures of FDI, resulted in five dimensions, including two associated with FDI. (Author/AEF)

  4. SAT Scores at NAIS Member Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amada

    2015-01-01

    Between March and June 2014, more than 1.67 million students from the 2014 graduating class took the SAT, marking a new participation record for the test. At the request of the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS), the College Board created a special report that allows the association to compare how independent school students fared…

  5. Independent Learning Models: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickett, R. E. Y.

    Five models of independent learning are suitable for use in adult education programs. The common factor is a facilitator who works in some way with the student in the learning process. They display different characteristics, including the extent of independence in relation to content and/or process. Nondirective tutorial instruction and learning…

  6. "What's Too Much and What's Too Little?": The Process of Becoming an Independent Researcher in Doctoral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Susan K.

    2008-01-01

    The transition to independent scholar is part and parcel of the doctoral education process (Council of Graduate Schools, 2005) as well as an integral part of the socialization process that occurs while in graduate school (Weidman, Twale, & Stein, 2001). This article details the journey toward independence, rooted in the socialization process of…

  7. Financing a Private School Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    A recent National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) survey of more than 1,200 individuals who filed financial aid forms underscores the central role financial aid plays in their ability to pursue a private education for their children. This article highlights the survey findings, demonstrating why school leaders need to thoroughly analyze…

  8. Arabic in Australian Islamic Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Presents census data on the Muslim population in Australia and overviews full-time independent Islamic schools offering a comprehensive education across the curriculum. Argues that these schools offer great potential for the successful development of Arabic language and cultural literacy skills required by Australian exporters and diplomats in the…

  9. Becoming a Multiple Intelligences School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoerr, Thomas R.

    The motivation to help students learn has moved many educators to explore multiple intelligences (MI) theory as a tool to help more children succeed. This book relates a decade of experiences in applying MI theory at New City School, an independent St. Louis elementary school. Directed toward educational leaders, the book focuses on the centrality…

  10. The Declaration of Independence: To What Extent Did It Have Meaning for African Americans. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pyne, John; Sesso, Gloria

    1995-01-01

    Presents a high school history lesson based on the National Standards for United States History. Considers the effect of the American Revolution and the Declaration of Independence on free and enslaved African Americans. (CFR)

  11. Differences in Student Misbehavior after Completing In-School Suspension between Rural High School and Suburban High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Martin Ervind

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the differences that exist in rural and suburban high school student misbehavior after completing in-school suspension (ISS) in Alabama's Mobile County Public School System. The independent variables of rural or suburban, gender, and ethnicity were used to determine the differences of the various groups. The archival…

  12. Predicting Middle School Students' Use of Web 2.0 Technologies out of School Using Home and School Technological Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Joan E.; Read, Michelle F.; Jones, Sara; Mahometa, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This study used multiple regression to identify predictors of middle school students' Web 2.0 activities out of school, a construct composed of 15 technology activities. Three middle schools participated, where sixth- and seventh-grade students completed a questionnaire. Independent predictor variables included three demographic and five computer…

  13. Sequence independent amplification of DNA

    DOEpatents

    Bohlander, S.K.

    1998-03-24

    The present invention is a rapid sequence-independent amplification procedure (SIA). Even minute amounts of DNA from various sources can be amplified independent of any sequence requirements of the DNA or any a priori knowledge of any sequence characteristics of the DNA to be amplified. This method allows, for example, the sequence independent amplification of microdissected chromosomal material and the reliable construction of high quality fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) probes from YACs or from other sources. These probes can be used to localize YACs on metaphase chromosomes but also--with high efficiency--in interphase nuclei. 25 figs.

  14. Biographical factors of occupational independence.

    PubMed

    Müller, G F

    2001-10-01

    The present study examined biographical factors of occupational independence including any kind of nonemployed profession. Participants were 59 occupationally independent and 58 employed persons of different age (M = 36.3 yr.), sex, and profession. They were interviewed on variables like family influence, educational background, occupational role models, and critical events for choosing a particular type of occupational career. The obtained results show that occupationally independent people reported stronger family ties, experienced fewer restrictions of formal education, and remembered fewer negative role models than the employed people. Implications of these results are discussed. PMID:11783553

  15. Sequence independent amplification of DNA

    DOEpatents

    Bohlander, Stefan K.

    1998-01-01

    The present invention is a rapid sequence-independent amplification procedure (SIA). Even minute amounts of DNA from various sources can be amplified independent of any sequence requirements of the DNA or any a priori knowledge of any sequence characteristics of the DNA to be amplified. This method allows, for example the sequence independent amplification of microdissected chromosomal material and the reliable construction of high quality fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) probes from YACs or from other sources. These probes can be used to localize YACs on metaphase chromosomes but also--with high efficiency--in interphase nuclei.

  16. New Horizons for Primary Schools in Jamaica: Inputs, Outcomes and Impact. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockheed, Marlaine; Harris, Abigail; Gammill, Paul; Barrow, Karima; Jayasundera, Tamara

    2006-01-01

    The New Horizons for Primary Schools (NHP) was implemented in 72 government schools in Jamaica, from 1998-2005. The program provided support to schools on the basis of needs identified through the preparation of a School Development Plan (also called a School Improvement Plan). This independent evaluation report first compares the schools in the…

  17. Understanding the Growth of Christian Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, William Lloyd

    The number of independent fundamentalist Protestant schools and students has been increasing rapidly in the last few decades. Research in Kentucky and Wisconsin on administrators and parents in these Christian schools indicates the reasons why such schools are started and why families send their children to them. Administrators start Christian…

  18. Litigation and School Finance: A Cautionary Tale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    Beginning in the early 1970s, plaintiffs initiated a veritable tidal wave of litigation over financing public education in states with unequal funding for students in poor school systems. In the only case on school finance to reach the United States Supreme Court, "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez" (1973), the justices rejected…

  19. The Tragedy of the Common School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copeland, Mo

    2009-01-01

    Horace Mann's vision of a common school to educate American children has not been realized. Instead, our country is experimenting with many different kinds of schools: charters, independents, parochials, and magnets, to name a few. These schools fill a particular niche for families, with the potential to focus education to the needs of each child.…

  20. Whose School Buildings Are They, Anyway?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Nelson

    2012-01-01

    School districts held an exclusive franchise on public education services until 1991, when Minnesota passed the first law permitting public charter schools. Charter schools are publicly funded, authorized by various agencies designated in public law, but independently managed. They operate outside district control, and most can draw students from…

  1. Innovations in Education: Successful Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The promise charter schools hold for public school innovation and reform lies in an unprecedented combination of freedom and accountability. Underwritten with public funds but run independently, charter schools are free from a range of state laws and district policies stipulating what and how they teach, where they can spend their money, and who…

  2. Hidalgo School District Supports All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nodine, Thad R.

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, the Hildago (Texas) Independent School District, in partnership with the University of Texas-Pan American, the University of Texas System, the Communities Foundation of Texas/Texas High School Project, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, promised that all of its students would earn college credits before graduating from high school.…

  3. Job Satisfaction among Elementary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Sandy Kay Bass

    2010-01-01

    This study examined teacher job satisfaction as influenced by school factors. One hundred and twenty-four elementary teachers, from one large urban school district in North Carolina, rated their level of job satisfaction. The independent variables were schools factors of (a) academic achievement, (b) student racial composition, and (c) social…

  4. Online High School at Stanford University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravaglia, Raymond

    2007-01-01

    The Education Program for Gifted Youth (EPGY) Online High School (OHS) is a three-year, diploma granting, online independent high school for gifted students. The mission statement reads as follows: "Through advanced technology, rigorous courses, and the resources of Stanford University, the Online High School affords gifted students everywhere an…

  5. Charter Schools' Discipline Policies Face Scrutiny

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn; Cavanagh, Sean; McNeil, Michele

    2013-01-01

    As the number of charter schools continues to grow, one facet of their autonomy--the ability to set and enforce independent disciplinary standards--has raised difficult questions about whether those schools are pushing out students who pose behavior or academic challenges and how their policies affect regular public schools. Research on the issue…

  6. Studies Spotlight Charter Schools Aimed at Diversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Nearly six decades after "Brown" v. "Board of Education," the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that ushered in an era of efforts to integrate public schools, charter school advocates and researchers are shining a light on a number of those independent public schools that are integrated by design. Two new reports--one from the National Alliance…

  7. City Mayors Turn to Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrie, Caroline

    2004-01-01

    The District of Columbia Mayor, Anthony A. Williams, is not alone among big-city mayors in extending a growing interest in public education to charter schools. This article discusses big-city mayors that have launched initiatives to form more of the independently run, but publicly financed schools. The notion of creating charter schools that…

  8. Whatever Happened to Independent Inventors?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, John H.

    1976-01-01

    Discuss the increasing problems, facing the private innovator, which may seriously affect the progress of American technology. Statistics show a decrease in patents issued to independent inventors. Information concerning patents, suggested cautions, and useful publications are cited. (Author/EB)

  9. Technology for Independent Living: Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enders, Alexandra, Ed.

    This sourcebook provides information for the practical implementation of independent living technology in the everyday rehabilitation process. "Information Services and Resources" lists databases, clearinghouses, networks, research and development programs, toll-free telephone numbers, consumer protection caveats, selected publications, and…

  10. Profiles of Reclaiming Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Bockern, Steve

    1993-01-01

    Describes reclaiming school as one that empowers each student to experience belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity and that challenges any practice that leads to alienation, futility, impotence, or purposelessness among youth. Spotlights innovative programs of empowering education that redefine the standards for excellence in the…

  11. Middle School Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook-Kallio, Cheryl

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the use of primary resources in the teaching of middle school social studies. Describes a lesson in which students were given a copy of the Declaration of Independence, written in everyday language, and were asked to discuss and evaluate it. Suggests another activity based on Thomas Jefferson's writings. (SG)

  12. The Model Minority Myth: Implications for Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chow, Giselle W.

    2011-01-01

    From a distance, Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) students appear to be the great success story in education. As a population, they are overrepresented among winners of National Merit Scholarships, U.S. Presidential Scholarships, and are undergraduates at the country's most prestigious universities. They make up three to five times their…

  13. English Teaching in the Independent School, II: Communication, Literature, Values

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbieri, Richard

    1977-01-01

    The english teacher should explore the values--both artistic and humane--present in a variety of literatures, even the worth of nonliterary modes of expression, in order to preserve the tradition seen in Shakespeare and Keats, Dickens and Homer. (Author/RK)

  14. The Independent School Admissions Director as Tim Wakefield's Catcher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vachow, Mike

    2012-01-01

    Bob Uecker, the Milwaukee Brewers' quipping radio broadcaster, makes his brief and lackluster career as a major league catcher the subject of much of his humor. About catching the knuckleball, Uecker famously said, "I always thought the knuckleball was the easiest pitch to catch." Of course, there is an even better way to catch a knuckleball, and…

  15. Assuring a Healthy Future: Succession Planning at Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Peter L.

    2015-01-01

    On Monday, October 6, 2014, Meg Whitman, CEO of Hewlett Packard, announced that her company would be splitting into two companies and laying off thousands of employees in the process. Speaking to "Fortune" magazine, Whitman underscored that the company's problems over the years relate directly to a lack of succession planning among…

  16. Effective Community Relations: A Handbook for Independent Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Charlotte

    2004-01-01

    If readers want to improve ties with their local community, government, town, or civic groups, then this is the handbook to read. This guide focuses on how to conduct a community relations audit, develop a CR strategy, build a CR team, communicate more effectively with neighbors, and handle crises well. The handbook also includes a sample economic…

  17. A Model for Implementing the Project Physics Course for Independent Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolin, Calvin

    Included are results of a study conducted to assess the possibilities and effectiveness of learning physics at high school level via independent study. The sample was drawn from a regular high school physics class. During the experiment, no instruction was carried out by any teacher. An auto-instructional system was developed and provided for use…

  18. Presidents of Independent Colleges and Universities Judge the Usefulness of the Economic Impact Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacFarland, Thomas W.; Yates, Jan M.

    This study examined the extent to which presidents of independent colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools commissioned economic impact studies and their views on the usefulness of such studies. Seventy-three presidents completed a survey questionnaire in the spring of 1997. Responses indicated that 21 schools had conducted an…

  19. The Summary of Performance as Transition "Passport" to Employment and Independent Living

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kochhar-Bryant, Carol A.

    2007-01-01

    Individuals with moderate to significant disabilities experience the most serious challenges in accessing employment and independent living when they exit high school. Therefore, the process of transition assessment conducted in school should be structured to provide relevant information for adult service providers and employers. For individuals…

  20. Education, Employment, and Independent Living of Young Adults Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appelman, Karen I.; Callahan, Judy Ottren; Mayer, Margaret H.; Luetke, Barbara S.; Stryker, Deborah S.

    2012-01-01

    Little information is available on the education, employment, and independent living status of young deaf and hard of hearing adults who have transitioned from high school. The present article reports post-secondary outcomes of 46 young adults who had attended for at least 4 years a non-public agency school in the northwestern United States…

  1. Middle Leadership and Its Challenges: A Case Study in the Secondary Independent Sector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irvine, Paul; Brundrett, Mark

    2016-01-01

    This article presents initial findings from a case study of the challenges facing newly appointed middle leaders in an independent school in the North West of England. The research approach has included interviews with twenty-five staff from within the school. It was observed that the skills set needed for middle leadership is different to that of…

  2. New opportunities seen for independents

    SciTech Connect

    Adams, G.A. )

    1990-10-22

    The collapse of gas and oil prices in the mid-1980s significantly reduced the number of independent exploration companies. At the same time, a fundamental shift occurred among major oil companies as they allocated their exploration budgets toward international operations and made major production purchases. Several large independents also embraced a philosophy of budget supplementation through joint venture partnership arrangements. This has created a unique and unusual window of opportunity for the smaller independents (defined for this article as exploration and production companies with a market value of less than $1 billion) to access the extensive and high quality domestic prospect inventories of the major and large independent oil and gas companies and to participate in the search for large reserve targets on attractive joint venture terms. Participation in these types of joint ventures, in conjunction with internally generated plays selected through the use of today's advanced technology (computer-enhanced, high-resolution seismic; horizontal drilling; etc.) and increasing process for oil and natural gas, presents the domestic exploration-oriented independent with an attractive money-making opportunity for the 1990s.

  3. The Participation of Volunteer Citizens in School Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranson, Stewart; Arnott, Margaret; McKeown, Penny; Martin, Jane; Smith, Penny

    2005-01-01

    This study of school governors across the UK has suggested that while school governors and school boards had adopted (modernizing) perspectives of monitoring schools to improve performance they have nevertheless developed conceptions of governance which are independent of "the state" and reflect local cultural traditions of governing education. In…

  4. Education Innovation: Indian Alternative Schools on the Rise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capozza, Koren L.

    1999-01-01

    Across the country, tribal people are addressing the failure of mainstream educational methods by creating independent schools run by and for American Indians. Native-American charter schools, tribally controlled reservation schools, and magnet schools serving urban Indian youth use culturally relevant materials and curriculum to engage Indian…

  5. School Diversity and Social Justice: Policy and Politics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Anne; Currie, Peter

    2008-01-01

    This paper focuses on the long established diversity in the English education system--independent schools, grammar schools and religious schools--and in so doing explores tensions between education policy, politics and social justice. It explores the differential access to these different types of school, their social composition and implications…

  6. Twenty-Five Factors Great Schools Have in Common

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassett, Patrick F.

    2013-01-01

    All schools have the capacity to become great schools. All they need is the focus and leadership to create the proper conditions for the board, school leadership team, staff, and constituents to do so. In this article, the author presents 25 elements that are central to great independent schools. These include: Create and perpetuate an intentional…

  7. School Based Improvement: What Is Needed for Successful Implementation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frazer, Linda H.; Rumbaut, Marilyn

    This paper describes the implementation of the School-Based Improvement (SBI) model in the Austin Independent School District (AISD), Texas, which was piloted by a total of 28 schools during the 1990-91 and 1991-92 school years. Evaluation was conducted through a review of campus improvement plans and student achievement data, interviews with six…

  8. Single-Gender Education versus Coeducation for Girls: A Study of Mathematics Achievement and Attitudes toward Mathematics of Middle-School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilson, Judith E.

    The mathematics achievement and mathematics attitudes of eighth-grade female students attending independent coeducational middle schools were compared with those of students in independent all-girls middle schools. Participants were 467 8th-grade girls from 10 all girls middle schools, 208 girls from 10 independent coeducational middle schools,…

  9. The Independent Technical Analysis Process

    SciTech Connect

    Duberstein, Corey A.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Dauble, Dennis D.; Johnson, Gary E.

    2007-04-13

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) contracted with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to provide technical analytical support for system-wide fish passage information (BPA Project No. 2006-010-00). The goal of this project was to produce rigorous technical analysis products using independent analysts and anonymous peer reviewers. In the past, regional parties have interacted with a single entity, the Fish Passage Center to access the data, analyses, and coordination related to fish passage. This project provided an independent technical source for non-routine fish passage analyses while allowing routine support functions to be performed by other well-qualified entities.

  10. School Violence, School Differences and School Discourses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Chris; Mauthner, Melanie; Hewitt, Roger; Epstein, Debbie; Leonard, Diana

    2007-01-01

    This article highlights one strand of a study which investigated the concept of the violence-resilient school. In six inner-city secondary schools, data on violent incidents in school and violent crime in the neighbourhood were gathered, and compared with school practices to minimise violence, accessed through interviews. Some degree of…

  11. 100 Years of Change for Better Schools: A Short Report of Buffalo Township, Winnebago County, Iowa and Its Schools from 1895 to 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dreier, William H.; Pilgrim, Ronald

    In Winnebago County, Iowa, the earliest school district was the township, organized with ungraded one-room schools. The town of Buffalo Center worked with its township school district to become, in 1895, a town independent school district with its service area being the township. In 1896 the new district offered graded elementary and high schools.…

  12. School Libraries Count! The Second National Survey of School Library Media Programs, 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Librarians (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    In 2007, the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) initiated an annual survey of school library media programs. The development of this longitudinal survey project was mandated by the AASL Board and advocated by the division's Research and Statistics Committee and Independent Schools Section. The launch of the second year of the survey…

  13. Students' Perceptions of School Counselors: An Investigation of Two High Schools in Beijing, China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Qi; Liu, Xi; Leuwerke, Wade

    2014-01-01

    This study sought to examine students' perceptions of their school counselors in two high schools in Beijing, China. Independent t tests found that female students rated school counselors' availability significantly higher than male students did. Also, students who had received prior counseling services rated counselors significantly higher in the…

  14. School of the Future Handbook. A Guide for Technology Implementation. F. M. Black Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard Alan; Sassi, Anthony

    In 1985, Apple Computer, Inc., and the Houston Independent School District began a project to create a model School of the Future at the F. M. Black Middle School. As described in this guide, the project was designed to demonstrate how microcomputers and related technology can make the process of instruction more efficient and effective. The…

  15. School Counselor-Parent Collaborations: Parents' Perceptions of How School Counselors Can Meet Their Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grubbs, Natalie Kane

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gain a fuller understanding of the sort of assistance, support, or education parents feel they need from school counselors in parenting adolescents. The research question examined was: What sort of assistance, support, or education do independent school parents feel they need from school counselors in raising…

  16. Perceptions of High School FCS Programs: A Case Study of School Counselors in Iowa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Betz, Valarie L.

    2010-01-01

    While family and consumer sciences (FCS) programs in secondary schools may be in jeopardy and, simultaneously, with the public outcry to improve essential skills for independent living, this study reaffirms the critical role school counselors play in assisting students in their high school course selections and, ultimately, their career choices.…

  17. Private School Chains in Chile: Do Better Schools Scale Up? Policy Analysis. No. 682

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elacqua, Gregory; Contreras, Dante; Salazar, Felipe; Santos, Humberto

    2011-01-01

    There is a persistent debate over the role of scale of operations in education. Some argue that school franchises offer educational services more effectively than do small independent schools. Skeptics counter that large, centralized operations create hard-to-manage bureaucracies and foster diseconomies of scale and that small schools are more…

  18. School Performance, School Segregation, and Stress-Related Symptoms: Comparing Helsinki and Stockholm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modin, Bitte; Karvonen, Sakari; Rahkonen, Ossi; Östberg, Viveca

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates cross-cultural differences in the interrelation between school performance, school segregation, and stress-related health among 9th-grade students in the greater Stockholm and Helsinki areas. Contrary to the Swedish case, it has been proposed that school performance in Finland is largely independent of the specific school…

  19. Field Independence: Reviewing the Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Carol; Richardson, John T. E.; Waring, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Background: The construct of ?eld independence (FI) remains one of the most widely cited notions in research on cognitive style and on learning and instruction more generally. However, a great deal of confusion continues to exist around the de?nition of FI, its measurement, and the interpretation of research results, all of which have served to…

  20. Independent Study Project, Topic: Topology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Notre Dame High School, Easton, PA.

    Using this guide and the four popular books noted in it, a student, working independently, will learn about some of the classical ideas and problems of topology: the Meobius strip and Klein bottle, the four color problem, genus of a surface, networks, Euler's formula, and the Jordan Curve Theorem. The unit culminates in a project of the students'…

  1. Content Independence in Multimedia Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Vries, Arjen P.

    2001-01-01

    Investigates the role of data management in multimedia digital libraries, and its implications for the design of database management systems. Introduces the notions of content abstraction and content independence. Proposes a blueprint of a new class of database technology, which supports the basic functionality for the management of both content…

  2. Boston: Cradle of American Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community College Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The 2005 American Association of Community Colleges Annual Convention will be held April 6-9 in Boston. While thoroughly modern, the iconic city's identity is firmly rooted in the past. As the cradle of American independence, Boston's long history is an integral part of the American fabric. Adams, Revere, Hancock are more than historical figures;…

  3. Independent Study Course Development Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Clayton R.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses actual costs for developing independent study print courses for use in learning centers or for distance delivery, and presents a resource allocation guideline based on figures from Grant MacEwan Community College (Alberta). Topics discussed include the course writer/developer, clerical support, copyright clearance, instructional design,…

  4. Haptic Tracking Permits Bimanual Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbaum, David A.; Dawson, Amanda A.; Challis, John H.

    2006-01-01

    This study shows that in a novel task--bimanual haptic tracking--neurologically normal human adults can move their 2 hands independently for extended periods of time with little or no training. Participants lightly touched buttons whose positions were moved either quasi-randomly in the horizontal plane by 1 or 2 human drivers (Experiment 1), in…

  5. 10 Questions about Independent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Truby, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Teachers know that establishing a robust independent reading program takes more than giving kids a little quiet time after lunch. But how do they set up a program that will maximize their students' gains? Teachers have to know their students' reading levels inside and out, help them find just-right books, and continue to guide them during…

  6. Instructional Materials in Independent Living.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bradley C.; Fry, Ronald R.

    This annotated list of 103 instructional materials for use in an independent living program focused on personal, social, and community adjustment of those with special needs is cross referenced using a subject index that lists skill areas within a fourteen-category system. Document descriptions are arranged alphabetically by author and include…

  7. School Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindelow, John; And Others

    Chapter 8 of a revised volume on school leadership, this chapter defines school climate and suggests ways to improve the learning environment at the school building level. School climate is defined as the feeling an individual gets from experiences within a school system. More specifically, climate is the composite of norms, expectations, and…

  8. Does decentralisation enhance a school's role of promoting social cohesion? Bosnian school leaders' perceptions of school governance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Komatsu, Taro

    2014-05-01

    This study seeks to understand whether and how decentralised school governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) enhances the schools' role of promoting social cohesion. This includes increasing "horizontal" trust among different ethnic groups and "vertical" trust between civilians and public institutes. The study examined secondary school leaders' perceptions regarding school board influence on social cohesion policies and practices, their interactions with school board members, and their accountability to the school-based governing body. The results show that school leaders and school boards, supposedly representing the interests of local stakeholders, did not appear to be actively engaged in the deliberate process of promoting social cohesion. While school directors tended to view themselves as being independent from the school boards, ethnically diverse school boards provided important support to proactive school leaders for their inter-group activities. Given that the central level is not providing initiatives to promote social cohesion and that BiH citizens appear to generally support social cohesion, decentralised school governance has the potential to improve social trust from the bottom up. To promote participatory school governance, the study recommends that BiH school leaders should be provided with opportunities to re-examine and redefine their professional accountability and to assist local stakeholders to improve their involvement in school governance.

  9. Steps to Independent Living Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lobb, Nancy

    This set of six activity books and a teacher's guide is designed to help students from eighth grade to adulthood with special needs to learn independent living skills. The activity books have a reading level of 2.5 and address: (1) "How to Get Well When You're Sick or Hurt," including how to take a temperature, see a doctor, and use medicines…

  10. Title I Middle Schools Evaluation, 1997-98. Publication Number 97-03.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Janice; Griffith, Julia; Washington, Wanda; Zyskowski, Gloria

    The Austin Independent School District (AISD) adopted the middle school concept in 1987-88. Generally, the middle school setting serves students between the ages of 11 and 14 and includes grades 6 through 8. In 1995-96, five middle schools met the criteria for funding under Title I. To make middle schools more responsive to the special needs of…

  11. School Resource Officers for Bullying Interventions: A Mixed-Methods Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robles-Pina, Rebecca A.; Denham, Magdalena A.

    2012-01-01

    The number of school police officers, School Resource Officers (SROs), is increasing on school campuses to assist in preventing school violence, and in particular bullying. This mixed-methods study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perceptions of SROs (N = 184) hired by independent school districts (ISD SROs) and those contracted from law…

  12. Academy Federations, Chains, and Teaching Schools in England: Reflections on Leadership, Policy, and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Recent reforms in England include the aim of converting every school into an "independent state funded school," an academy, and giving the strongest schools more responsibility for initial teacher education, offering professional development programs, and supporting the improvement of less successful schools. School leaders are…

  13. Paying for Quality? Associations between Private School Income, Performance and Use of Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Peter; Davies, Neil M.

    2014-01-01

    Education policy in England has explicitly aimed to remodel state schools in the image of independent, private, schools. However, the body of research evidence on the operation of private schools is very small. Critics have frequently argued that, in contrast to state schools, private schools use resources efficiently because their autonomy gives…

  14. Mass-independent isotope effects.

    PubMed

    Buchachenko, Anatoly L

    2013-02-28

    Three fundamental properties of atomic nuclei-mass, spin (and related magnetic moment), and volume-are the source of isotope effects. The mostly deserved and popular, with almost hundred-year history, is the mass-dependent isotope effect. The first mass-independent isotope effect which chemically discriminates isotopes by their nuclear spins and nuclear magnetic moments rather than by their masses was detected in 1976. It was named as the magnetic isotope effect because it is controlled by magnetic interaction, i.e., electron-nuclear hyperfine coupling in the paramagnetic species, the reaction intermediates. The effect follows from the universal physical property of chemical reactions to conserve angular momentum (spin) of electrons and nuclei. It is now detected for oxygen, silicon, sulfur, germanium, tin, mercury, magnesium, calcium, zinc, and uranium in a great variety of chemical and biochemical reactions including those of medical and ecological importance. Another mass-independent isotope effect was detected in 1983 as a deviation of isotopic distribution in reaction products from that which would be expected from the mass-dependent isotope effect. On the physical basis, it is in fact a mass-dependent effect, but it surprisingly results in isotope fractionation which is incompatible with that predicted by traditional mass-dependent effects. It is supposed to be a function of dynamic parameters of reaction and energy relaxation in excited states of products. The third, nuclear volume mass-independent isotope effect is detected in the high-resolution atomic and molecular spectra and in the extraction processes, but there are no unambiguous indications of its importance as an isotope fractionation factor in chemical reactions. PMID:23301791

  15. Independent Component Analysis of Textures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Manduchi, Roberto; Portilla, Javier

    2000-01-01

    A common method for texture representation is to use the marginal probability densities over the outputs of a set of multi-orientation, multi-scale filters as a description of the texture. We propose a technique, based on Independent Components Analysis, for choosing the set of filters that yield the most informative marginals, meaning that the product over the marginals most closely approximates the joint probability density function of the filter outputs. The algorithm is implemented using a steerable filter space. Experiments involving both texture classification and synthesis show that compared to Principal Components Analysis, ICA provides superior performance for modeling of natural and synthetic textures.

  16. Expanded HTA, Legitimacy and Independence

    PubMed Central

    Syrett, Keith

    2016-01-01

    This brief commentary seeks to develop the analysis of Daniels, Porteny and Urrutia of the implications of expansion of the scope of health technology assessment (HTA) beyond issues of safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness. Drawing in particular on experience in the United Kingdom, it suggests that such expansion can be understood not only as a response to the problem of insufficiency of evidence, but also to that of legitimacy. However, as expansion of HTA also renders it more visibly political in character, it is plausible that its legitimacy may be undermined, rather than enhanced by, independence from the policy process.

  17. Indistinguishability of independent single photons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, F. W.; Wong, C. W.

    2009-01-01

    The indistinguishability of independent single photons is presented by decomposing the single photon pulse into the mixed state of different transform-limited pulses. The entanglement between single photons and outer environment or other photons induces the distribution of the center frequencies of those transform-limited pulses and makes photons distinguishable. Only the single photons with the same transform-limited form are indistinguishable. In details, the indistinguishability of single photons from the solid-state quantum emitter and spontaneous parametric down-conversion is examined with two-photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer. Moreover, experimental methods to enhance the indistinguishability are discussed, where the usage of spectral filter is highlighted.

  18. Saturday School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pratt, Allen

    2011-01-01

    When the author became principal at South Pittsburg High School in the rural southeast corner of Tennessee, he noticed that the school had a serious problem with students arriving late to school in the morning and late to classes during the school day. When this issue was discussed, it was decided that there was a need to initiate a Saturday…

  19. School Phobia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veltkamp, Lane J.

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the etiology of school phobia and differentiates between chronic and acute phobia. Three treatment steps are recommended: 1) physician must rule out organic problems; 2) counseling must occur with the family with the goal of getting the child to school immediately; 3) school personnel must be reassured to keep the child in school.…

  20. Electronic School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Describes: (1) corporate technology initiatives driven by public-relations motives; (2) collaborative strategies for teacher-student technology learning; (3) an online school-improvement site; 4) privatization of school-district technology operations; and (5) a primer on listservs for school leaders. Also provides information on school technology,…

  1. School Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Executive Educator, 1989

    1989-01-01

    A special report on school transportation covers the following topics: (1) a school bus safety update; (2) equipping school buses with motion detectors; (3) state training requirements for school bus drivers; (4) recruiting and retaining drivers; (5) regulations covering underground fuel-storage tanks; and (6) a transportation directory. (MLF)

  2. School Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinkle, William G., Ed.; Henry, Stuart, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This volume presents papers from a 1998 conference on school violence in Valparaiso, Indiana. The papers include: "What is School Violence? An Integrated Definition" (Stuart Henry); "Violence in Schools: Rage against a Broken World" (J. Scott Staples); "Listening to What the Streets Say: Vengeance as Ideology?" (Ralph Cintron); "School Violence:…

  3. School Choice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Progress of Education Reform 1999-2001, 1999

    1999-01-01

    This publication is the first in a series of reports that examine policy issues in education. It looks at the four major forms of school choice--charter schools, open enrollment, home schooling, and vouchers--and how they are changing the landscape of public education. School choice is one of the fastest-growing innovations in public education,…

  4. Good Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenheimer, Henry P.

    This book contains seventeen thumb-nail sketches of schools in Europe, the United States, Asia, Britain, and Australia, as they appeared in the eye of the author as a professional educator and a journalist while travelling around the world. The author considers the schools described to be good schools, and not necessarily the 17 best schools in…

  5. School Security.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bete, Tim, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Presents the opinions of four security experts on the issue of guns in schools. The experts respond to the following questions: will schools ever be free of weapons; will card access systems become common in public schools; will metal detectors solve school security problems; and will students ever be issued bullet-proof vests along with…

  6. Student Financial Aid and the Independent Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eads, Janet M.

    The definition of independent student that is used in determining eligibility for federal student financial aid is examined, along with potential compliance problems for independent students and differential treatment of independent and dependent students. Major factors for defining independence for students receiving federal financial aid are:…

  7. Speculations on a Definition of Independent Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Michael G.

    The conceptual view of independent study that is developed in this paper is based on discussions of four key ideas: (1) independent study is concerned with both learning and teaching; (2) independent study is concerned with the capacity of learners to be self-directing; (3) independent study systems are both internal and external to educational…

  8. Data compression preserving statistical independence

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morduch, G. E.; Rice, W. M.

    1973-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum points of evaluation of data compressed by means of polynomial smoothing. It is shown that a set y of m statistically independent observations Y(t sub 1), Y(t sub 2), ... Y(t sub m) of a quantity X(t), which can be described by a (n-1)th degree polynomial in time, may be represented by a set Z of n statistically independent compressed observations Z (tau sub 1), Z (tau sub 2),...Z (tau sub n), such that The compressed set Z has the same information content as the observed set Y. the times tau sub 1, tau sub 2,.. tau sub n are the zeros of an nth degree polynomial P sub n, to whose definition and properties the bulk of this report is devoted. The polynomials P sub n are defined as functions of the observation times t sub 1, t sub 2,.. t sub n, and it is interesting to note that if the observation times are continuously distributed the polynomials P sub n degenerate to legendre polynomials. The proposed data compression scheme is a little more complex than those usually employed, but has the advantage of preserving all the information content of the original observations.

  9. ]Space Shuttle Independent Assessment Team

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    The Shuttle program is one of the most complex engineering activities undertaken anywhere in the world at the present time. The Space Shuttle Independent Assessment Team (SIAT) was chartered in September 1999 by NASA to provide an independent review of the Space Shuttle sub-systems and maintenance practices. During the period from October through December 1999, the team led by Dr. McDonald and comprised of NASA, contractor, and DOD experts reviewed NASA practices, Space Shuffle anomalies, as well as civilian and military aerospace experience. In performing the review, much of a very positive nature was observed by the SIAT, not the least of which was the skill and dedication of the workforce. It is in the unfortunate nature of this type of review that the very positive elements are either not mentioned or dwelt upon. This very complex program has undergone a massive change in structure in the last few years with the transition to a slimmed down, contractor-run operation, the Shuttle Flight Operations Contract (SFOC). This has been accomplished with significant cost savings and without a major incident. This report has identified significant problems that must be addressed to maintain an effective program. These problems are described in each of the Issues, Findings or Observations summarized, and unless noted, appear to be systemic in nature and not confined to any one Shuttle sub-system or element. Specifics are given in the body of the report, along with recommendations to improve the present systems.

  10. Parental Involvement, Interest in Schooling and School Environment as Predictors of Academic Self-Efficacy among Fresh Secondary School Students in Oyo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeyemo, David Akinlolu

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of parental involvement, interest in schooling and school environment on academic self-efficacy of fresh secondary school students. Two hundred and fifty students constituted the study's sample. Both the independent and the dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized…

  11. A Quantitative Research Investigation into High School Design and Art Education in a Local High School in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Yi-Hsien

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to explore the differences between high school teachers with art and science backgrounds in terms of curriculum and student performance in art and design education, federal educational policy, and financial support. The study took place in a local independent school district in Texarkana, Texas. The independent school…

  12. Independent positioning of magnetic nanomotors.

    PubMed

    Mandal, Pranay; Chopra, Vaishali; Ghosh, Ambarish

    2015-05-26

    There is considerable interest in powering and maneuvering nanostructures remotely in fluidic media using noninvasive fuel-free methods, for which small homogeneous magnetic fields are ideally suited. Current strategies include helical propulsion of chiral nanostructures, cilia-like motion of flexible filaments, and surface assisted translation of asymmetric colloidal doublets and magnetic nanorods, in all of which the individual structures are moved in a particular direction that is completely tied to the characteristics of the driving fields. As we show in this paper, when we use appropriate magnetic field configurations and actuation time scales, it is possible to maneuver geometrically identical nanostructures in different directions, and subsequently position them at arbitrary locations with respect to each other. The method reported here requires proximity of the nanomotors to a solid surface, and could be useful in applications that require remote and independent control over individual components in microfluidic environments. PMID:25824608

  13. [School phobia or school refusal?].

    PubMed

    Le Heuzey, Marie-France

    2008-04-15

    The scope of the concept of school phobia, associated with anxiety disorders, is now broadened to include other underlying disorders such depression, conduct disorders and behaviors such as school truancy. The term "school refusal" is now preferred in the literature. This article reviews the main clinical and terapeutical dimensions of school refusal. Its aim is to increase practionners' awareness of this disorder and to describe a treatment plan centred on school attendance. PMID:18546645

  14. eReaders in School Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Amy

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the possibility of using eReaders in the schools of the Houston Independent School District (HISD), specifically the Barnes and Noble Nook Pilot Project. HSID initially approved only an eReading device that was not wireless since it is very strict on the devices granted access to the wireless network. The biggest roadblock…

  15. Factors Affecting School Quality in Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Barry; Arbogast, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the factors that are theorized to be determinants of school quality in the 67 counties of Florida from 2000 to 2011. The model constructed for this purpose is comprised of a mix of independent variables that include county educational attainment (number of high school graduates and State University System enrollees) and…

  16. [Newington High School Gifted and Talented Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newington School District, CT.

    Newington (Connecticut) High School developed a gifted/talented program based on independent research, seminar sessions, course offerings in the collegiate setting, internships, and college credit programs at the school. An evening seminar series addresses topics chosen as a result of student needs assessment. The Collegiate Challenge Series…

  17. A Survey of Idaho's Private Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catt, Andrew D.

    2014-01-01

    In this memo, we synthesize information collected recently in two private school surveys, one conducted by the U.S. Department of Education and another by the Friedman Foundation and the Idaho Federation of Independent Schools (IDFIS). After a brief description of the data sources, we present the key survey findings in two sections.

  18. UNESCO School Libraries in Oceania Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallein, Joe

    The South Pacific School Libraries Project was launched by UNESCO in 1978 and continued until 1991. It was designed to improve school library service in the 11 independent island states (Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Turaw, Vanuatu, and Western Samoa) of the Southwest Pacific and to develop…

  19. Laptops Unleashed A Middle School Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingston, Pamela

    2004-01-01

    The day starts. Students arrive in their parents' cars, climb out, and carry or wheel backpacks in a morning scene similar to most independent day schools in the country. But there's a difference--the older students are carrying metal briefcases. The briefcases, bright silver and durable-looking, carry the clear marks of middle school ownership as…

  20. Skills for School Readiness--and Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Child Care, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Features a self-quiz on school readiness introducing the skills children need to succeed in school. Discusses the caregiver's and teacher's role in creating an environment where children can develop the necessary traits of independence, compassion, trust, creativity, self-control, and perseverance. Delineates how these readiness skills also…

  1. Preventing School Failure: The Native American Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nel, Johanna

    1993-01-01

    Special needs of the Native American child in school are addressed including adjustment problems in the "white" school and value conflicts concerning competition, individualism, acquisitiveness; personal praise; generosity; concept of time; nonverbal and verbal communication; individual freedom and independence; eye contact, humility, respect; and…

  2. Mobile Schools for a Mobile World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Overwhelmingly, independent schools are embracing mobile devices--laptops, iPads or other tablets, and smartphones--to enhance teaching and learning. This article describes the results of the "NAIS 2012 Mobile Learning Survey." Among its findings were that 75 percent of NAIS-member schools currently use mobile learning devices in at…

  3. Beyond Language in Indigenous Language Immersion Schooling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stairs, Arlene; Peters, Margaret; Perkins, Elizabeth

    1999-01-01

    The Akwesasne Freedom School, on the Akwesasne Mohawk reservation (New York and Canada), is an independent immersion school that preserves not only the Mohawk language but also socialization patterns, styles of interpersonal relations, ethical principles, and aesthetic sensibilities. The curriculum is based on the Iroquoian Thanksgiving Address,…

  4. School District Cash Management. Program Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Legislative Commission on Expenditure Review, Albany.

    New York State law permits school districts to invest cash not immediately needed for district operation and also specifies the kinds of investments that may be made in order to ensure the safety and liquidity of public funds. This audit examines cash management and investment practices in New York state's financially independent school districts.…

  5. A Look in the Mirror: One School's Study of Race-Based Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Helping all students find academic success is a central tenet of independent schools. But at many independent schools, mounting anecdotal evidence indicates that a persistent achievement gap exists between white and Asian-American students and their Latino and African-American counterparts. In 2007, Rebecca Upham, head of school at Buckingham…

  6. Occupational and Physical Therapy Services, School Based Programs: An Organizational Manual, 1982-83.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKee, Marlene, Comp.; And Others

    A 1982-83 manual on school-based occupational therapy and physical therapy (OT/PT) services in Texas is presented. Contents include: guidelines, evaluation forms, student and therapists' documentation forms, and policy/procedures manuals for a suburban independent school district and a rural independent school district. Part I provides the…

  7. Engaging the Racial Elephant: How Leadership on Racial Literacy Improves Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Sherry; Stevenson, Howard C.

    2014-01-01

    When it comes to diversity work in independent schools--especially regarding race--the research makes it clear that there is one very large and rather noisy elephant in most independent schools. If not acknowledged and addressed, it will keep schools from fulfilling not only their diversity missions but also their overall missions--especially…

  8. Empty Pedestals: Creating a National School System in an Era of Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, Nils Joseph

    2009-01-01

    When the Republic of Moldova became independent after the fall of the Soviet Union, it faced the challenge, for the first time, of creating its own school system. A new Moldovan school system would replace the Soviet system that had been in existence in Moldova since World War II. The new Moldovan school system was to be democratic, independent,…

  9. Faith-Based Charter Schools: An Idea Whose Time Is Unlikely to Come

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.; Cattaro, Gerald M.

    2010-01-01

    Charter schools, which are public schools of choice, are typically operated as not-for-profit organizations, essentially functioning as independent districts consisting of single schools, by private groups including parents either independently or occasionally in conjunction with public institutions such as universities. In return for being…

  10. Education, employment, and independent living of young adults who are deaf and hard of hearing.

    PubMed

    Appelman, Karen I; Callahan, Judy Ottren; Mayer, Margaret H; Luetke, Barbara S; Stryker, Deborah S

    2012-01-01

    Little information is available on the education, employment, and independent living status of young deaf and hard of hearing adults who have transitioned from high school. The present article reports postsecondary outcomes of 46 young adults who had attended for at least 4 years a non-public agency school in the northwestern United States specializing in deaf education. School administrators had developed a specific philosophy and operationalized it in an academic and literacy-based curriculum incorporating a grammatically accurate signing system. The researchers found that most or all participants had finished high school, had earned a college degree, were employed, and were living independently. Findings are discussed in terms of the available literature and the study's contribution to a limited body of recent research on young postsecondary deaf and hard of hearing adults. PMID:22978202

  11. So I Sat Down with My Mother: Connectedness Orientation and Pupils' Independence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eklöf, Anders; Nilsson, Lars-Erik; Svensson, Peter

    Swedish educational policy underlines the importance of independence. In this paper we use socio-cultural theory and Foucault to explain how pupils’ independency is transformed into something else in their work. Our results derive from analyses of filmed sessions and entries in the pupils’ logbooks. Our findings demonstrate that the pupils’ definitions of independence differ from those of the course plan in several aspects: i) the use of certain resources is not considered to show lack of independence, ii) doing things yourself is considered being most independent and iii) to follow instructions, even if this means violating your unique personal thought, is considered a prerequisite for passing/getting good grades and as such a necessary adaption to the school context, sooner than a sign of dependency. Consequently we argue that pupil independency should be regarded as a phenomenon chiseled out within a community of practice rather than a personal capacity.

  12. School phobia.

    PubMed

    Tyrrell, Maureen

    2005-06-01

    School phobia is a serious disorder affecting up to 5% of elementary and middle school children. Long-term consequences include academic failure, diminished peer relationships, parental conflict, and development of additional psychiatric disorders. Hiding behind such common physical symptoms as headaches, stomachaches, and fatigue, school phobia evades diagnosis with ease. Unraveling the problem of school phobia is challenging for the school nurse and is complicated by an overall lack of knowledge regarding the serious potential outcomes. The purpose of this article is to define school phobia, differentiate it from truancy, and highlight some interventions useful in the treatment of this increasingly common and potentially serious disorder. PMID:15898849

  13. Providing a less restrictive environment for profoundly retarded persons by teaching independent walking skills.

    PubMed

    Gruber, B; Reeser, R; Reid, D H

    1979-01-01

    A basic right of all handicapped persons is to live in the least restrictive environment possible. In this investigation, procedures were evaluated for teaching four institutionalized males with profound retardation necessary skills to increase their individual freedom of movement. Following baseline, a travel training program with a backward chaining format was implemented to teach each person to walk independently from his living area to school. Travel training included instructions, practice, praise, feedback, verbal reprimands, prompts, and edible reinforcers. Each resident began walking the entire distance to school independently during training and also began walking back to the living area, although the latter set of skills was not specifically trained. Following termination of the formal investigation, follow-up measures of 1 to 8 weeks showed the residents continued going to school independently. A survey of residential facilities in 43 states provided social validation for the seriousness of the problems associated with transporting seriously retarded persons to school. Also, time efficiency measures indicated that training independent travel resulted in reductions of staff time required in school transportation. Results were discussed in light of the potential contributions of behavior analysis in providing less restrictive environments for seriously handicapped persons. PMID:158578

  14. Influences of Social Context on Parent Guidance and Low-Income Preschoolers' Independent and Guided Math Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandermaas-Peeler, Maureen; Pittard, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Mathematical knowledge at school entry predicts school achievement, and children from low-income families are at risk for low math achievement. The study purpose was to observe low-income parents' numeracy guidance in two contexts, a board game and a number concept assessment, and to compare preschoolers' independent and guided math…

  15. Strategic Encounters: Choosing School Subcultures that Facilitate Imagined Futures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsolidis, Georgina

    2006-01-01

    In the Australian state of Victoria, students from elite independent and Catholic schools dominate entry into elite universities. Nonetheless, there are a small number of schools within the government sector whose students succeed in these terms. Such schools are considered highly academic and entry is very difficult. This paper is based on…

  16. Self-Evaluation Manual for School Business Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania Association of School Business Officials, Harrisburg.

    To augment the Pennsylvania Association of School Business Officials in the establishment of the highest standards and practices in school business administration, this manual provides an evaluation instrument of school business functions. Each of the 18 self-evaluation chapters is structured to be used independently and may be utilized in any…

  17. Board and Senior Management Alignment on School Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarros, James C.; Sarros, Anne M.; Cooper, Brian K.; Santora, Joseph C.; Baker, Robin

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the degree to which senior executive members of a school's decision-making team (senior management team and board of directors) are aligned on fundamental principles of school strategy. Our study is based on a conceptual framework of strategic leadership as it applies in an Australian independent school context. We also examine…

  18. Student First Amendment Rights: Wisconsin School Board Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Gordon B.

    Issues in students' First Amendment rights are discussed in this paper, which is directed toward school board members. The "Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Schools" (1969) decision is discussed, in which the United States Supreme Court struck down the discipline imposed on students who wore black armbands during school hours to protest the…

  19. HIGH SCHOOL PHYSICS BY TELEVISION--THE HOUSTON AREA PROJECT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    STREVELL, WALLACE H.

    THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISION TEACHING WAS INVESTIGATED UNDER VARIED CONDITIONS OF SCHOOL ORGANIZATION SUCH AS URBAN-RURAL, SEGREGATED SCHOOLS, AND HOMOGENEOUS GROUPING. ADDITIONAL OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT WERE TO (1) INTRODUCE TEACHING BY OPEN-CIRCUIT TELEVISION AMONG INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN THE HOUSTON AREA, (2) DEVELOP PRACTICAL…

  20. Realizing the Promise of Brand-Name Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Steven F.

    2005-01-01

    The proliferation of high-quality independent charter schools is constrained by the shortage of founders committed to evidence-based school designs and possessing the broad-ranging skills to make good on their audacious plans. The time and energies of such exceptional leaders are deployed over years in building schools that rarely reach more than…

  1. A New Vision for the First Amendment in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaltain, Sam

    2002-01-01

    Describes the First Amendment Schools project aimed at teaching K-12 public and independent school students their constitutionally protected religious, speech, press, assembly, and petition rights and responsibilities. Includes examples describing the project in several schools. Includes annotated list of resources for educators. (PKP)

  2. Competition for Private and State School Teachers. CEE DP 94

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Francis; Machin, Stephen; Murphy, Richard; Zhu, Yu

    2010-01-01

    Private schools have historically played an important role in the reproduction of the ruling classes in Britain. They continue to do so, but there is surprisingly little modern research as to how these schools impinge on the economy. In this paper we analyse the role of independent schools in the teachers' labour market. Teacher shortages in…

  3. School Financing in South Carolina, Recent Legislation and Funding Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, Bobby L.

    This paper discusses five scenarios that have had an impact on school finance in the state of South Carolina during recent years. These scenarios include (1) the Education Finance Act of 1977 (EFA); (2) the Education Improvement Act of 1984 (EIA); (3) the issue of fiscal independence; (4) school fees; and (5) school bonds. The EFA was designed to…

  4. Comparison of Cooperative and Noncooperative Purchasing in School Nutrition Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Beth W.; Strohbehn, Catherine; Shelly, Mark C.; Arendt, Susan; Gregoire, Mary

    2010-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare food cost and public school foodservice directors' satisfaction between districts participating in school foodservice cooperatives or group purchasing arrangements and districts purchasing independently. It also assessed the prevalence of purchasing cooperatives in school foodservice and…

  5. Collecting and Using Student Information for School Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riegel, N. Blyth

    This paper suggests methods for collecting and using student information for school improvement by describing how the Richardson Independent School District (RISD), Texas, determines data for effective school management decisionmaking. RISD readily accesses student information via a networked database on line with the central office's IBM…

  6. Restoring Shanker's Vision for Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahlenberg, Richard D.; Potter, Halley

    2015-01-01

    In 1988, education reformer and American Federation of Teachers president Albert Shanker proposed a new kind of public school--"charter schools"--which would allow teachers to experiment with innovative approaches to educating students. Publicly funded but independently managed, these schools would be given a charter to try their fresh…

  7. Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alto, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

  8. DC Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-06-73

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Josephine C.

    2005-01-01

    DC has a larger percentage of students in charter schools than any state. To help oversee DC charter schools, Congress established two authorizers--the Board of Education (BOE), which has an Office of Charter Schools responsible for oversight, and the independent Public Charter School Board (PCSB). Congress required the GAO to conduct a study of…

  9. Charter School Authorizers and Oversight: Where is the Line between Effectively Holding Schools Accountable and Overregulation?. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2004

    2004-01-01

    The basic charter school bargain--freedom in exchange for accountability--presents unique challenges to authorizers. Authorizers must walk a tightrope of sorts, respecting each charter school's independence and distinct mission, while holding every school accountable for educational results and public obligations. Overseeing charter schools is…

  10. Increasing Independence in Self-Care Tasks for Children with Autism Using Self-Operated Auditory Prompts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mays, Nicole McGaha; Heflin, L. Juane

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effects of self-operated auditory prompting systems (SOAPs) on independent self-care task completion of elementary-school-aged children with autism and intellectual disabilities. Prerecorded verbal prompts on a student-operated tape recorder were employed to facilitate independence in washing hands and…

  11. 38 CFR 21.76 - Independent living.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Maintain the newly achieved level of independence in daily living. (Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3101(4), 3104(b... months would enable the veteran to substantially increase his or her level of independence in...

  12. The Relationship between Components of the Ohio Local School District Report Card and the Outcome of a School Tax Levy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheatley, Vicki Ann

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between components of the local school district report card, school district typology, and the outcome of public school tax levy requests were examined in this study. A correlation research design was used to measure the relationship between the independent variables (performance index, average yearly progress, value added,…

  13. Preprototype independent air revitalization subsystem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schubert, F. H.; Hallick, T. M.; Woods, R. R.

    1982-01-01

    The performance and maturity of a preprototype, three-person capacity, automatically controlled and monitored, self-contained independent air revitalization subsystem were evaluated. The subsystem maintains the cabin partial pressure of oxygen at 22 kPa (3.2 psia) and that of carbon dioxide at 400 Pa (3 mm Hg) over a wide range of cabin air relative humidity conditions. Consumption of water vapor by the water vapor electrolysis module also provides partial humidity control of the cabin environment. During operation, the average carbon dioxide removal efficiency at baseline conditions remained constant throughout the test at 84%. The average electrochemical depolarized concentrator cell voltage at the end of the parametric/endurance test was 0.41 V, representing a very slowly decreasing average cell voltage. The average water vapor electrolysis cell voltage increased only at a rate of 20 mu/h from the initial level of 1.67 V to the final level of 1.69 V at conclusion of the testing.

  14. Alternative Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchett, Stanley; Kimsey, Steve

    2002-01-01

    Describes the design of the DeKalb Alternative School in Atlanta, Georgia, located in a renovated shopping center. Purchasing commercial land and renovating the existing building saved the school system time and money. (EV)

  15. School Avoidance

    MedlinePlus

    ... at school, a place where pressures in the classroom and relationships with other children can be quite ... becomes symptomatic, and encourage his return to the classroom. If a problem like a school bully or ...

  16. 45 CFR 1309.44 - Independent analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Independent analysis. 1309.44 Section 1309.44... § 1309.44 Independent analysis. (a) The responsible HHS official may direct the grantee applying for funds to acquire or make major renovations to a facility to obtain an independent analysis of the...

  17. 45 CFR 1309.44 - Independent analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Independent analysis. 1309.44 Section 1309.44... § 1309.44 Independent analysis. (a) The responsible HHS official may direct the grantee applying for funds to acquire or make major renovations to a facility to obtain an independent analysis of the...

  18. Independent Evaluation: Insights from Public Accounting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Abigail B.; Klerman, Jacob Alex

    2012-01-01

    Background: Maintaining the independence of contract government program evaluation presents significant contracting challenges. The ideal outcome for an agency is often both the impression of an independent evaluation "and" a glowing report. In this, independent evaluation is like financial statement audits: firm management wants both a public…

  19. 32 CFR 169a.16 - Independent review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Independent review. 169a.16 Section 169a.16... ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.16 Independent review. (a) The estimates of in-house and..., independent of the Task Group preparing the cost comparison. This review shall be completed far enough...

  20. 46 CFR 62.30-5 - Independence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... instrumentation systems for any vital system must be independent of each other. (2) Independent sensors are not required except that sensors for primary speed, pitch, or direction of rotation control in closed loop..., or instrumentation sensors. (3) The safety trip control of § 62.35-5(b)(2) must be independent...

  1. 46 CFR 62.30-5 - Independence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... instrumentation systems for any vital system must be independent of each other. (2) Independent sensors are not required except that sensors for primary speed, pitch, or direction of rotation control in closed loop..., or instrumentation sensors. (3) The safety trip control of § 62.35-5(b)(2) must be independent...

  2. 46 CFR 62.30-5 - Independence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... instrumentation systems for any vital system must be independent of each other. (2) Independent sensors are not required except that sensors for primary speed, pitch, or direction of rotation control in closed loop..., or instrumentation sensors. (3) The safety trip control of § 62.35-5(b)(2) must be independent...

  3. 46 CFR 62.30-5 - Independence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... instrumentation systems for any vital system must be independent of each other. (2) Independent sensors are not required except that sensors for primary speed, pitch, or direction of rotation control in closed loop..., or instrumentation sensors. (3) The safety trip control of § 62.35-5(b)(2) must be independent...

  4. 46 CFR 62.30-5 - Independence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... instrumentation systems for any vital system must be independent of each other. (2) Independent sensors are not required except that sensors for primary speed, pitch, or direction of rotation control in closed loop..., or instrumentation sensors. (3) The safety trip control of § 62.35-5(b)(2) must be independent...

  5. Independence, Individualism & Connection among Share Householders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natalier, Kristin

    2007-01-01

    How do young people who are financially dependent on their parents but living in share households conceive of the concept of independence? The meanings of independence are discussed in relation to a qualitative study of young people who described themselves as independent although they accepted money on a regular basis from their parents. Their…

  6. Learning Dilemmas in Undergraduate Student Independent Essays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendt, Maria; Åse, Cecilia

    2015-01-01

    Essay-writing is generally viewed as the primary learning activity to foster independence and analytical thinking. In this article, we show that independent research projects do not necessarily lead to critical thinking. University-level education on conducting independent projects can, in several respects, counteract enhanced analytical skills.…

  7. Classing Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCandless, Trevor

    2015-01-01

    School prospectuses and promotional videos appeal to parents by presenting idealised images of the education a school provides. These educational idealisations visually realise the form of discipline a school is expected to provide, depending on the social habitus of the parents. This paper presents a content analysis of the images used in 33 sets…

  8. Rosenwald Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alcorn, Virgie

    1986-01-01

    Outlines the history of black schools funded by the Rosenwald Fund. The fund was originally established in 1912 at the Tuskegee Institute for Dr. Booker T. Washington to build offshoot schools of Tuskegee. By 1932 it was partially responsible for funding 5,358 modern rural black schools in 15 southern states. (MD)

  9. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1982-01-01

    Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

  10. School Refusal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wimmer, Mary

    2008-01-01

    School attendance is an ongoing concern for administrators, particularly in middle level and high school. Frequent absences affect student learning, test scores, and social development. Absenteeism is often the result of emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression. Administrators who understand the causes of school refusal behavior and are…

  11. Electronic School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Contains articles on software products targeted at girls, the use of technology for the transformation of schooling, and tips on teaming up with software developers. Regular features include dispatches from the school-technology frontier, information about school boards' uses of "groupware," a review of software reading programs, and Internet…

  12. Village Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education, London (England).

    Several new ideas are described related to the design and renovation of village primary schools in England. Many of the schools must provide accommodations for the social and cultural life of the village in addition to their educational responsibilities. Design considerations for village schools are related to both the case studies of new and…

  13. School Volunteers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Service Bureau, Inc., Arlington, VA.

    Intended as a guide for school administrators, this publication describes and discusses "The Varying Role of the School Volunteer,""A Tutorial Program in Operation,""A Volunteer Resource Program in Operation,""An Inner-City Extended School-Day Program,""Essential Ingredients of a Successful Program," and "How to Recruit, Screen, and Retain."…

  14. School Phobia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyrrell, Maureen

    2005-01-01

    School phobia is a serious disorder affecting up to 5% of elementary and middle school children. Long-term consequences include academic failure, diminished peer relationships, parental conflict, and development of additional psychiatric disorders. Hiding behind such common physical symptoms as headaches, stomachaches, and fatigue, school phobia…

  15. School Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schonfeld, Irvin Sam

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is threefold. First, the chapter summarizes what is known about the prevalence of violence and weapons in U.S. schools. Second, the chapter examines theories that bear on school violence and the empirical evidence linked to those theories. Third, the chapter looks at attempts to prevent school violence and,…

  16. Dome Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cirulli, Carol

    1999-01-01

    Back in 1988, Emmett, Idaho, built the first monolithic dome school. Now, school boards in Arizona, Missouri, Florida, Minnesota, and New Mexico are among those that have voted to build domed school buildings. A monolithic dome is a steel- reinforced, concrete structure with a smooth, round surface that is inspired by the shape of an egg. (MLF)

  17. Charter Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 2000

    2000-01-01

    This document deals with the topic of the charter-school movement. Anne Turnbaugh Lockwood's article focuses on selected, key aspects of papers commissioned by the Comprehensive Center-Region VI from experts in the charter-school movement. It discusses the potential for enhanced teaching and learning in charter schools, management issues that can…

  18. School Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erwin, Clyde A.

    This guide to basic principles of school design presents diagrammatic explanation of various developed standards and planning suggestions. The first section schematically develops patterns of school activity for primary, elementary, and high schools. The second discusses organization of activities--(1) contour adjustment, (2) landscaping, (3)…

  19. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews four recent court decisions affecting school law. A Circuit Court of Appeals ruling upheld Norfolk Schools' decision to abolish busing and reinstate neighborhood schools. The United States Supreme Court dismissed appeals to lower court decisions involving a minimum grade prerequisite, a teacher's privacy rights, and an "adult" movie…

  20. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1984-01-01

    Notes current litigation influencing schools: upcoming Supreme Court cases, including one involving extension of exclusionary rule to school officials; an Oregon court decision holding athletic associations liable for injured student athletes; and an appeals court ruling against restricting handicapped students to normal-length school years. (JW)

  1. High School Influences on College Enrollment and College Graduation of Dallas Independent School District 2002 Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Linda K.

    2011-01-01

    The overarching goal for American education under President Barack Obama has been to increase college enrollment and completion rates. The pressure to achieve this goal has been keenly felt in the postsecondary community, especially as federal and state funding have become increasingly tied to achieving higher college completion rates. Yet the…

  2. Evaluation of the Florida coordinated school health program pilot schools project.

    PubMed

    Weiler, Robert M; Pigg, R Morgan; McDermott, Robert J

    2003-01-01

    The Florida Department of Education, with CDC funding, designed the Florida Coordinated School Health Program Pilot Schools Project (PSP) to encourage innovative approaches to promote coordinated school health programs (CSHP) in Florida schools. Each of eight pilot schools received $15,000 in project funding, three years of technical assistance including on-site and off-site assistance, a project office resource center, mailings of resource materials, needs assessment and evaluation assistance, and three PSP Summer Institutes. Project evaluators created a context evaluation, approaching each school independently as a "case study" to measure the school's progress in meeting goals established at baseline. Data were collected using the How Healthy is Your School? needs assessment instrument, a School Health Portfolio constructed by each school team, a Pilot Schools Project Team Member Survey instrument, midcourse team interviews, final team interviews, and performance indicator data obtained from pilot and control schools. The PSP posed two fundamental questions: "Can financial resources, professional training, and technical assistance enable individual schools to create and sustain a coordinated school health program?" and "What outcomes reasonably can one expect from a coordinated school health program, assuming programs receive adequate support over time?" First, activities at the eight schools confirmed that a coordinated school health programs can be established and sustained. Program strength and sustainability depend on long-term resources, qualified personnel, and administrative support. Second, though coordinated school health programs may improve school performance indicators, the PSP yielded insufficient evidence to support that belief. Future projects should include robust measurement and evaluation designs, thereby producing conclusive evidence about the influence of a coordinated school health program on such outcomes. PMID:12621717

  3. The Independent Payment Advisory Board.

    PubMed

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Falco, Frank J E; Singh, Vijay; Benyamin, Ramsin M; Hirsch, Joshua A

    2011-01-01

    The Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB) is a vastly powerful component of the president's health care reform law, with authority to issue recommendations to reduce the growth in Medicare spending, providing recommendations to be considered by Congress and implemented by the administration on a fast track basis. Ever since its inception, IPAB has been one of the most controversial issues of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), even though the powers of IPAB are restricted and multiple sectors of health care have been protected in the law. IPAB works by recommending policies to Congress to help Medicare provide better care at a lower cost, which would include ideas on coordinating care, getting rid of waste in the system, providing incentives for best practices, and prioritizing primary care. Congress then has the power to accept or reject these recommendations. However, Congress faces extreme limitations, either to enact policies that achieve equivalent savings, or let the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) follow IPAB's recommendations. IPAB has strong supporters and opponents, leading to arguments in favor of or against to the extreme of introducing legislation to repeal IPAB. The origins of IPAB are found in the ideology of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the impetus of exploring health care costs, even though IPAB's authority seems to be limited to Medicare only. The structure and operation of IPAB differs from Medicare and has been called the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC) on steroids. The board membership consists of 15 full-time members appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate with options for recess appointments. The IPAB statute sets target growth rates for Medicare spending. The applicable percent for maximum savings appears to be 0.5% for year 2015, 1% for 2016, 1.25% for 2017, and 1.5% for 2018 and later. The IPAB Medicare proposal process involves

  4. A Gender Study of Private School Students' Attitudes and Beliefs about School Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Janice

    Literature emerged at the beginning of this decade indicating that girls' and boys' differential experiences in schools frequently marginalized the girls and had negative impacts on their futures. This paper presents findings of a study conducted in a New York City independent day school to explore whether and how student attitudes and beliefs…

  5. Upper Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Teacher Socialization Practices and Reports of School Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Studsrod, Ingunn; Bru, Edvin

    2012-01-01

    Lack of adjustment or school failure is of concern to educators, child welfare workers, educational, and school psychologists as well as parents, but there are few studies on this aspect of education, especially among late adolescents. Furthermore, there is a lack of research on teachers as socialization agents as an independent variable in…

  6. Public Libraries and School Libraries, Their Roles and Functions; An Anthology of Opinions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitchner Public Library (Ontario).

    This anthology of opinions about the roles and functions of public and school libraries covers the following topics: (1) The School-Housed Public Library--An Evaluation; (2) School and Public Library Relationships; (3) The Case for Independent School Libraries; (4) Report on Killarney Branch Library (Vancouver); (5) Report on the Flint Public…

  7. Time Well Spent: Designing Dynamic and Profitable After-School Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neiva, Betsy MacIver; Pepe, Diane

    2012-01-01

    Dawn Walsh, who has worked with the after-school program at The Foote School (Connecticut) for over 20 years, has seen firsthand how dramatically childcare needs have changed. The Foote School is not the only independent school trying to determine how best to help meet families' complex childcare needs. According to a 2009 Bureau of Labor…

  8. Schooling in Malaysia: Historical Trends and Recent Enrollments. A Rand Note.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Tray, Dennis

    The educational history of Malaysia is discussed; policy, historical trends, and school attendance are emphasized. Increased schooling and increased returns to schooling have been essential ingredients in Malaysia's economic growth. Schooling levels have risen rapidly since independence and, while all Malaysians have shared substantially in this…

  9. Planning/Evaluation Report for In-School Suspension, Grades 6-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Randy

    The 1989/90 In-School Suspension (ISS) program of the Des Moines (Iowa) Independent Community School District provided an in-school setting for the suspension of students in 15 secondary schools for infractions of the discipline code while continuing their educational program and focusing on the offending behavior through counseling activities.…

  10. Educational Finance. Briefing Paper: Texas Public School Finance and Related Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Catherine P.; England, Claire

    This document explores various issues that affect Texas public school finance. It opens with an overview of the Texas public school system, which comprises 1,043 independent school districts, with an average of 6.4 campuses per district. The federal role in financing schools is examined, along with education finance and the state budget. Four…

  11. The Schools Network Strategy for 2011-2012 to 2013-2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schools Network, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The Schools Network is an independent, not-for-profit membership organization dedicated to raising levels of achievement in education. It has a membership of over 5,000 schools, academies, universities, colleges and local authorities. It is a registered charity. Formerly known as the Specialist Schools and Academies Trust, The Schools Network has…

  12. Urban School Reform and the Strange Attractor of Low-Risk Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beabout, Brian R.

    2010-01-01

    In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, school leaders in a newly decentralized school system reached out to external organizations for partnerships--a job that had previously resided in the central office. The necessity of these contacts and the quantity of newly independent schools make a unique context for studying how school leaders…

  13. [Lee Jungsook, a Korean independence activist and a nurse during the Japanese colonial period].

    PubMed

    Kim, Sook Young

    2015-04-01

    This article examines the life of Lee Jungsook, a Korean nurse, as a independence activist during the Japanese colonial period. Lee Jungsook(1896-1950) was born in Bukchung in Hamnam province. She studied at Chungshin girl's high school and worked at Severance hospital. The characteristics and culture of her educational background and work place were very important factors which influenced greatly the life of Lee Jungsook. She learned independent spirit and nationalism from Chungshin girls' high school and worked as nurse at the Severance hospital which were full of intense aspiration for Korea's independence. Many of doctors, professors and medical students were participated in the 3.1 Independence Movement. Lee Jungsook was a founding member of Hyulsungdan who tried to help the independence activists in prison and their families and worked as a main member of Korean Women's Association for Korean Independece and Kyungsung branch of the Korean Red Cross. She was sent to jail by the Japanese government for her independence activism. After being released after serving two years confinement, she worked for the Union for Women's Liberation as a founding member. Lee Joungsook was a great independence activist who had a nursing care spirit as a nurse. PMID:25985776

  14. Foster Youths in Transition: Research Perspectives on Preparation for Independent Living.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mech, Edmund V.

    1994-01-01

    The child welfare field is uncertain how to best prepare older foster wards for independent living. Research priorities in this area are discussed in five categories: (1) education and school-to-work transitions; (2) formal assessments of readiness for self-sufficiency; (3) provision of transitional supports; (4) support networks; and (5)…

  15. Providing a Less Restrictive Environment for Profoundly Retarded Persons by Teaching Independent Walking Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruber, Barbara; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Procedures were evaluated for teaching four institutionalized adult males with profound retardation necessary skills to increase their individual freedom of movement. Following baseline, a travel training program with a backward chaining format was implemented to teach each person to walk independently from his living area to school. (Author)

  16. Connections between the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinberg, Stephen

    1987-01-01

    Discusses a teaching unit which enables high school students to see the connections between the specific grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence and the structural prohibitions in the U.S. Constitution. Predicts that 27 grievances will be identified as students become more familiar with these two documents. (GEA)

  17. Observational Findings Regarding Independent Learning Behavior. The Classroom Attitude Observational Schedule.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldupp, Ocea

    The Classroom Attitude Observational Schedule (CAOS) is designed to detect pattern shifts in a classroom during the absence of controlling adults. It is concerned with the independent learner who will continue school related tasks in a socially acceptable manner without supervision. The CAOS recording form notes activities and inappropriate…

  18. Using Structured Work Systems to Promote Independence and Engagement for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, Christi R.; Hume, Kara; Clarke, Laura; Borders, Christy

    2009-01-01

    An important goal for all students is the ability to function independently throughout the school day--moving from one location to the next, organizing required materials, completing necessary tasks, and applying skills learned in one setting to other settings when appropriate. Although this goal is a priority for all students, it is even more…

  19. Science Process Skills of Students Having Field Dependent and Field Independent Cognitive Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mutlu, Mehmet; Temiz, Burak Kagan

    2013-01-01

    This study has been carried out to compare the integrated science process of the students having field dependent and independent cognitive style. A total of 496 students (285 female, 211 male) participated using by stratified sampling method from seven high schools located in the Cappadocia Region of Turkey. While students' science process…

  20. Ten Minutes a Day: The Impact of Interactive Writing Instruction on First Graders' Independent Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Kate; Guinee, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the effects of Interactive Writing, a dynamic approach to writing instruction designed specifically for young children, on the independent writing of first graders enrolled in urban schools in a large metropolitan area. Children in the Interactive Writing condition (N = 49) showed greater growth on measures of independent…