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Sample records for algorithm permits gaps

  1. Selection Intensity in Genetic Algorithms with Generation Gaps

    SciTech Connect

    Cantu-Paz, E.

    2000-01-19

    This paper presents calculations of the selection intensity of common selection and replacement methods used in genetic algorithms (GAs) with generation gaps. The selection intensity measures the increase of the average fitness of the population after selection, and it can be used to predict the average fitness of the population at each iteration as well as the number of steps until the population converges to a unique solution. In addition, the theory explains the fast convergence of some algorithms with small generation gaps. The accuracy of the calculations was verified experimentally with a simple test function. The results of this study facilitate comparisons between different algorithms, and provide a tool to adjust the selection pressure, which is indispensable to obtain robust algorithms.

  2. Computing gap free Pareto front approximations with stochastic search algorithms.

    PubMed

    Schütze, Oliver; Laumanns, Marco; Tantar, Emilia; Coello, Carlos A Coello; Talbi, El-Ghazali

    2010-01-01

    Recently, a convergence proof of stochastic search algorithms toward finite size Pareto set approximations of continuous multi-objective optimization problems has been given. The focus was on obtaining a finite approximation that captures the entire solution set in some suitable sense, which was defined by the concept of epsilon-dominance. Though bounds on the quality of the limit approximation-which are entirely determined by the archiving strategy and the value of epsilon-have been obtained, the strategies do not guarantee to obtain a gap free approximation of the Pareto front. That is, such approximations A can reveal gaps in the sense that points f in the Pareto front can exist such that the distance of f to any image point F(a), a epsilon A, is "large." Since such gap free approximations are desirable in certain applications, and the related archiving strategies can be advantageous when memetic strategies are included in the search process, we are aiming in this work for such methods. We present two novel strategies that accomplish this task in the probabilistic sense and under mild assumptions on the stochastic search algorithm. In addition to the convergence proofs, we give some numerical results to visualize the behavior of the different archiving strategies. Finally, we demonstrate the potential for a possible hybridization of a given stochastic search algorithm with a particular local search strategy-multi-objective continuation methods-by showing that the concept of epsilon-dominance can be integrated into this approach in a suitable way.

  3. Two algorithms to fill cloud gaps in LST time series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frey, Corinne; Kuenzer, Claudia

    2013-04-01

    Cloud contamination is a challenge for optical remote sensing. This is especially true for the recording of a fast changing radiative quantity like land surface temperature (LST). The substitution of cloud contaminated pixels with estimated values - gap filling - is not straightforward but possible to a certain extent, as this research shows for medium-resolution time series of MODIS data. Area of interest is the Upper Mekong Delta (UMD). The background for this work is an analysis of the temporal development of 1-km LST in the context of the WISDOM project. The climate of the UMD is characterized by peak rainfalls in the summer months, which is also the time where cloud contamination is highest in the area. Average number of available daytime observations per pixel can go down to less than five for example in the month of June. In winter the average number may reach 25 observations a month. This situation is not appropriate to the calculation of longterm statistics; an adequate gap filling method should be used beforehand. In this research, two different algorithms were tested on an 11 year time series: 1) a gradient based algorithm and 2) a method based on ECMWF era interim re-analysis data. The first algorithm searches for stable inter-image gradients from a given environment and for a certain period of time. These gradients are then used to estimate LST for cloud contaminated pixels in each acquisition. The estimated LSTs are clear-sky LSTs and solely based on the MODIS LST time series. The second method estimates LST on the base of adapted ECMWF era interim skin temperatures and creates a set of expected LSTs. The estimated values were used to fill the gaps in the original dataset, creating two new daily, 1 km datasets. The maps filled with the gradient based method had more than the double amount of valid pixels than the original dataset. The second method (ECMWF era interim based) was able to fill all data gaps. From the gap filled data sets then monthly

  4. Moebius Algorithm for Domain Wall and GapDW Fermions

    SciTech Connect

    Ron Babich, Richard Brower, Kostas Orginos, Claudio Rebbi, David Schaich, Pavlos Vranas

    2009-06-01

    The M\\"obius domain wall action \\cite{Brower:2004xi} is a generalization of Shamir's action, which gives exactly the same overlap fermion lattice action as the separation ($L_s$) between the domain walls is taken to infinity. The performance advantages of the algorithm are presented for a small ensemble of quenched, full QCD domain wall and Gap domain wall lattices \\cite{Vranas:2006zk}. In particular, it is shown that at the larger lattice spacings relevant to current dynamical simulations M\\"obius fermions work well together with GapDWF reducing $L_s$ by more than a factor of two. It is noted that there is precise map between the domain wall and effective overlap action at finite quark mass including finite $L_s$ chiral violations so that the Ward-Takahashi identities for the axial and vector currents are exactly equivalent in both formulations.

  5. Contrast Enhancement Algorithm Based on Gap Adjustment for Histogram Equalization

    PubMed Central

    Chiu, Chung-Cheng; Ting, Chih-Chung

    2016-01-01

    Image enhancement methods have been widely used to improve the visual effects of images. Owing to its simplicity and effectiveness histogram equalization (HE) is one of the methods used for enhancing image contrast. However, HE may result in over-enhancement and feature loss problems that lead to unnatural look and loss of details in the processed images. Researchers have proposed various HE-based methods to solve the over-enhancement problem; however, they have largely ignored the feature loss problem. Therefore, a contrast enhancement algorithm based on gap adjustment for histogram equalization (CegaHE) is proposed. It refers to a visual contrast enhancement algorithm based on histogram equalization (VCEA), which generates visually pleasing enhanced images, and improves the enhancement effects of VCEA. CegaHE adjusts the gaps between two gray values based on the adjustment equation, which takes the properties of human visual perception into consideration, to solve the over-enhancement problem. Besides, it also alleviates the feature loss problem and further enhances the textures in the dark regions of the images to improve the quality of the processed images for human visual perception. Experimental results demonstrate that CegaHE is a reliable method for contrast enhancement and that it significantly outperforms VCEA and other methods. PMID:27338412

  6. Optimization of band gaps of 2D photonic crystals by the rapid generic algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Yun-tao

    2011-01-01

    Based on the rapid genetic algorithm (RGA), the band gap structures of square lattices with square scatters are optimized. In the optimizing process, gene codes are used to express square scatters and the fitting function adopts the relative values of the largest absolute photonic band gaps (PBGs). By changing the value of filling factor, three cell forms with large photonic band gaps are obtained. In addition, the comparison between the rapid genetic algorithm and the general genetic algorithm (GGA) is analyzed.

  7. Searching for Repeats, as an Example of Using the Generalized Ruzzo-Tompa Algorithm to Find Optimal Subsequences with Gaps

    PubMed Central

    Mariño-Ramírez, Leonardo; Sheetlin, Sergey L.

    2014-01-01

    Background Some biological sequences contain subsequences of unusual composition, e.g., some proteins contain DNA binding domains, transmembrane regions, and charged regions; and some DNA sequences contain repeats. Requiring time linear in the length of an input sequence, the Ruzzo-Tompa (RT) Algorithm finds subsequences of unusual composition, using a sequence of scores as input and the corresponding “maximal segments” as output. (Loosely, maximal segments are the contiguous subsequences having greatest total score.) Just as gaps improved the sensitivity of BLAST, in principle gaps could help tune other tools, to improve sensitivity when searching for subsequences of unusual composition. Results Call a graph whose vertices are totally ordered a “totally ordered graph”. In a totally ordered graph, call a path whose vertices are in increasing order an “increasing path”. The input of the RT Algorithm can be generalized to a finite, totally ordered, weighted graph, so the algorithm then locates maximal segments, corresponding to increasing paths of maximal weight. The generalization permits penalized deletion of unfavorable letters from contiguous subsequences, so the generalized Ruzzo-Tompa algorithm can find subsequences with greatest total gapped scores. The search for inexact simple repeats in DNA exemplifies some of the concepts. For some limited types of repeats, RepWords, a repeat-finding tool based on the principled use of the Ruzzo-Tompa algorithm, performed better than a similar extant tool. Conclusions With minimal programming effort, the generalization of the Ruzzo-Tompa algorithm given in this article could improve the performance of many programs for finding biological subsequences of unusual composition. PMID:24989859

  8. A comparative study of algorithms for radar imaging from gapped data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Xiaojian; Luan, Ruixue; Jia, Li; Huang, Ying

    2007-09-01

    In ultra wideband (UWB) radar imagery, there are often cases where the radar's operating bandwidth is interrupted due to various reasons, either periodically or randomly. Such interruption produces phase history data gaps, which in turn result in artifacts in the image if conventional image reconstruction techniques are used. The higher level artifacts severely degrade the radar images. In this work, several novel techniques for artifacts suppression in gapped data imaging were discussed. These include: (1) A maximum entropy based gap filling technique using a modified Burg algorithm (MEBGFT); (2) An alternative iteration deconvolution based on minimum entropy (AIDME) and its modified version, a hybrid max-min entropy procedure; (3) A windowed coherent CLEAN algorithm; and (4) Two-dimensional (2-D) periodically-gapped Capon (PG-Capon) and APES (PG-APES) algorithms. Performance of various techniques is comparatively studied.

  9. Spectrographic phase-retrieval algorithm for femtosecond and attosecond pulses with frequency gaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seifert, B.; Wallentowitz, S.; Volkmann, U.; Hause, A.; Sperlich, K.; Stolz, H.

    2014-10-01

    We present a phase-reconstruction algorithm for a self-referenced spectrographic pulse characterization technique called “very advanced method for phase and intensity retrieval of e-fields” (VAMPIRE). This technique permits a spectral phase reconstruction of pulses with separated frequency components. The algorithm uses the particular characteristics of VAMPIRE spectrograms. It is a locally structured algorithm which is fast, robust, and it allows us to master stagnation problems. The algorithm is tested by use of both simulated and measured data.

  10. Design of two-dimensional photonic crystals with large absolute band gaps using a genetic algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Linfang; Ye, Zhuo; He, Sailing

    2003-07-01

    A two-stage genetic algorithm (GA) with a floating mutation probability is developed to design a two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystal of a square lattice with the maximal absolute band gap. The unit cell is divided equally into many square pixels, and each filling pattern of pixels with two dielectric materials corresponds to a chromosome consisting of binary digits 0 and 1. As a numerical example, the two-stage GA gives a 2D GaAs structure with a relative width of the absolute band gap of about 19%. After further optimization, a new 2D GaAs photonic crystal is found with an absolute band gap much larger than those reported before.

  11. Genetic-Algorithm Discovery of a Direct-Gap and Optically Allowed Superstructure from Indirect-Gap Si and Ge Semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Avezac, Mayeul; Luo, Jun-Wei; Chanier, Thomas; Zunger, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Combining two indirect-gap materials—with different electronic and optical gaps—to create a direct gap material represents an ongoing theoretical challenge with potentially rewarding practical implications, such as optoelectronics integration on a single wafer. We provide an unexpected solution to this classic problem, by spatially melding two indirect-gap materials (Si and Ge) into one strongly dipole-allowed direct-gap material. We leverage a combination of genetic algorithms with a pseudopotential Hamiltonian to search through the astronomic number of variants of Sin/Gem/…/Sip/Geq superstructures grown on (001) Si1-xGex. The search reveals a robust configurational motif—SiGe2Si2Ge2SiGen on (001) SixGe1-x substrate (x≤0.4) presenting a direct and dipole-allowed gap resulting from an enhanced Γ-X coupling at the band edges.

  12. Locally linear manifold model for gap-filling algorithms of hyperspectral imagery: Proposed algorithms and a comparative study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suliman, Suha Ibrahim

    Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) Scan Line Corrector (SLC) device, which corrects for the satellite motion, has failed since May 2003 resulting in a loss of about 22% of the data. To improve the reconstruction of Landsat 7 SLC-off images, Locally Linear Manifold (LLM) model is proposed for filling gaps in hyperspectral imagery. In this approach, each spectral band is modeled as a non-linear locally affine manifold that can be learned from the matching bands at different time instances. Moreover, each band is divided into small overlapping spatial patches. In particular, each patch is considered to be a linear combination (approximately on an affine space) of a set of corresponding patches from the same location that are adjacent in time or from the same season of the year. Fill patches are selected from Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) products of the year 1984 through 2011 which have similar spatial and radiometric resolution as Landsat 7 products. Using this approach, the gap-filling process involves feasible point on the learned manifold to approximate the missing pixels. The proposed LLM framework is compared to some existing single-source (Average and Inverse Distance Weight (IDW)) and multi- source (Local Linear Histogram Matching (LLHM) and Adaptive Window Linear Histogram Matching (AWLHM)) gap-filling methodologies. We analyze the effectiveness of the proposed LLM approach through simulation examples with known ground-truth. It is shown that the LLM-model driven approach outperforms all existing recovery methods considered in this study. The superiority of LLM is illustrated by providing better reconstructed images with higher accuracy even over heterogeneous landscape. Moreover, it is relatively simple to realize algorithmically, and it needs much less computing time when compared to the state- of-the art AWLHM approach.

  13. Genetic-Algorithm Discovery of a Direct-Gap and Optically Allowed Superstructure from Indirect-Gap Si and Ge Semiconductors

    SciTech Connect

    d'Avezac, M.; Luo, J. W.; Chanier, T.; Zunger, A.

    2012-01-13

    Combining two indirect-gap materials - with different electronic and optical gaps - to create a direct gap material represents an ongoing theoretical challenge with potentially rewarding practical implications, such as optoelectronics integration on a single wafer. We provide an unexpected solution to this classic problem, by spatially melding two indirect-gap materials (Si and Ge) into one strongly dipole-allowed direct-gap material. We leverage a combination of genetic algorithms with a pseudopotential Hamiltonian to search through the astronomic number of variants of Si{sub n}/Ge{sub m}/.../Si{sub p}/Ge{sub q} superstructures grown on (001) Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}. The search reveals a robust configurational motif - SiGe{sub 2}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}SiGe{sub n} on (001) Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x} substrate (x {le} 0.4) presenting a direct and dipole-allowed gap resulting from an enhanced {Gamma}-X coupling at the band edges.

  14. Genetic Algorithm Calibration of Probabilistic Cellular Automata for Modeling Mining Permit Activity

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Louis, S.J.; Raines, G.L.

    2003-01-01

    We use a genetic algorithm to calibrate a spatially and temporally resolved cellular automata to model mining activity on public land in Idaho and western Montana. The genetic algorithm searches through a space of transition rule parameters of a two dimensional cellular automata model to find rule parameters that fit observed mining activity data. Previous work by one of the authors in calibrating the cellular automaton took weeks - the genetic algorithm takes a day and produces rules leading to about the same (or better) fit to observed data. These preliminary results indicate that genetic algorithms are a viable tool in calibrating cellular automata for this application. Experience gained during the calibration of this cellular automata suggests that mineral resource information is a critical factor in the quality of the results. With automated calibration, further refinements of how the mineral-resource information is provided to the cellular automaton will probably improve our model.

  15. Info-gap robustness of an input signal optimization algorithm for damage detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasquali, M.; Stull, C. J.; Farrar, C. R.

    2015-01-01

    Info-Gap Decision Theory is adopted to assess the robustness of a technique aimed at identifying the optimal excitation signal to be used for active sensing approaches to damage detection. Here the term "active sensing" refers to procedures where a known input is applied to the structure to enhance the damage detection process. Given limited system response measurements and ever-present physical limits on the level of excitation, the ultimate goal of the mentioned technique is to improve the detectability of damage by increasing the difference between measured outputs of the undamaged and damaged systems. In particular, a two degree-of-freedom mass-spring-damper system characterized by the presence of a nonlinear stiffness is considered. Uncertainty is introduced to the system in the form of deviations of its parameters (mass, stiffness, damping ratio) from their nominal values. Variations in the performance of the mentioned technique are then evaluated both in terms of changes in the estimated difference between the responses of the damaged and undamaged systems and in terms of deviations of the identified optimal input signal from its nominal estimation. Finally, plots of the performances of the analyzed algorithm for different levels of uncertainty are obtained, enabling a clear evaluation of the risks connected with designing excitation signals for damage detection, when the parameters that dictate system behavior (e.g. stiffness, mass) are poorly characterized or improperly modeled.

  16. Comparison of Gap Elements and Contact Algorithm for 3D Contact Analysis of Spiral Bevel Gears

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bibel, G. D.; Tiku, K.; Kumar, A.; Handschuh, R.

    1994-01-01

    Three dimensional stress analysis of spiral bevel gears in mesh using the finite element method is presented. A finite element model is generated by solving equations that identify tooth surface coordinates. Contact is simulated by the automatic generation of nonpenetration constraints. This method is compared to a finite element contact analysis conducted with gap elements.

  17. DSMC moving-boundary algorithms for simulating MEMS geometries with opening and closing gaps.

    SciTech Connect

    Gallis, Michail A.; Rader, Daniel John; Torczynski, John Robert

    2010-06-01

    Moving-boundary algorithms for the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method are investigated for a microbeam that moves toward and away from a parallel substrate. The simpler but analogous one-dimensional situation of a piston moving between two parallel walls is investigated using two moving-boundary algorithms. In the first, molecules are reflected rigorously from the moving piston by performing the reflections in the piston frame of reference. In the second, molecules are reflected approximately from the moving piston by moving the piston and subsequently moving all molecules and reflecting them from the moving piston at its new or old position.

  18. A specialized boundary element algorithm developed to calculate the state of stress in the Anza Gap, San Jacinto Fault Zone, Southern, CA

    SciTech Connect

    Aster, R.; Flores, R.; Fehler, M.

    1995-06-01

    The widely-used algorithm of Crouch and Starfield is unstable when used to solve our mixed boundary equation problem of interest. Altering the boundary conditions and correspondingly rearranging the system of equations to utilize double-sided boundary elements overcomes this drawback. The new algorithm described here is more physically realistic as in that it allows for rotation of the fault segments in the strain field resulting from satisfying the fault static shear strength condition. Preliminary test results indicate that a fault trifurcation gap model may describe the non-strike slip components to some of the seismicity.

  19. A Stochastic, Resonance-Free Multiple Time-Step Algorithm for Polarizable Models That Permits Very Large Time Steps.

    PubMed

    Margul, Daniel T; Tuckerman, Mark E

    2016-05-10

    Molecular dynamics remains one of the most widely used computational tools in the theoretical molecular sciences to sample an equilibrium ensemble distribution and/or to study the dynamical properties of a system. The efficiency of a molecular dynamics calculation is limited by the size of the time step that can be employed, which is dictated by the highest frequencies in the system. However, many properties of interest are connected to low-frequency, long time-scale phenomena, requiring many small time steps to capture. This ubiquitous problem can be ameliorated by employing multiple time-step algorithms, which assign different time steps to forces acting on different time scales. In such a scheme, fast forces are evaluated more frequently than slow forces, and as the former are often computationally much cheaper to evaluate, the savings can be significant. Standard multiple time-step approaches are limited, however, by resonance phenomena, wherein motion on the fastest time scales limits the step sizes that can be chosen for the slower time scales. In atomistic models of biomolecular systems, for example, the largest time step is typically limited to around 5 fs. Previously, we introduced an isokinetic extended phase-space algorithm (Minary et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2004, 93, 150201) and its stochastic analog (Leimkuhler et al. Mol. Phys. 2013, 111, 3579) that eliminate resonance phenomena through a set of kinetic energy constraints. In simulations of a fixed-charge flexible model of liquid water, for example, the time step that could be assigned to the slow forces approached 100 fs. In this paper, we develop a stochastic isokinetic algorithm for multiple time-step molecular dynamics calculations using a polarizable model based on fluctuating dipoles. The scheme developed here employs two sets of induced dipole moments, specifically, those associated with short-range interactions and those associated with a full set of interactions. The scheme is demonstrated on

  20. Improvement in accuracy of multiple sequence alignment using novel group-to-group sequence alignment algorithm with piecewise linear gap cost

    PubMed Central

    Yamada, Shinsuke; Gotoh, Osamu; Yamana, Hayato

    2006-01-01

    Background Multiple sequence alignment (MSA) is a useful tool in bioinformatics. Although many MSA algorithms have been developed, there is still room for improvement in accuracy and speed. In the alignment of a family of protein sequences, global MSA algorithms perform better than local ones in many cases, while local ones perform better than global ones when some sequences have long insertions or deletions (indels) relative to others. Many recent leading MSA algorithms have incorporated pairwise alignment information obtained from a mixture of sources into their scoring system to improve accuracy of alignment containing long indels. Results We propose a novel group-to-group sequence alignment algorithm that uses a piecewise linear gap cost. We developed a program called PRIME, which employs our proposed algorithm to optimize the well-defined sum-of-pairs score. PRIME stands for Profile-based Randomized Iteration MEthod. We evaluated PRIME and some recent MSA programs using BAliBASE version 3.0 and PREFAB version 4.0 benchmarks. The results of benchmark tests showed that PRIME can construct accurate alignments comparable to the most accurate programs currently available, including L-INS-i of MAFFT, ProbCons, and T-Coffee. Conclusion PRIME enables users to construct accurate alignments without having to employ pairwise alignment information. PRIME is available at . PMID:17137519

  1. Using a spatio-temporal dynamic state-space model with the EM algorithm to patch gaps in daily riverflow series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amisigo, B. A.; van de Giesen, N. C.

    2005-09-01

    A spatio-temporal linear dynamic model has been developed for patching short gaps in daily river runoff series. The model was cast in a state-space form in which the state variable was estimated using the Kalman smoother (RTS smoother). The EM algorithm was used to concurrently estimate both parameter and missing runoff values. Application of the model to daily runoff series in the Volta Basin of West Africa showed that the model was capable of providing good estimates of missing runoff values at a gauging station from the remaining time series at the station and at spatially correlated stations in the same sub-basin.

  2. Bridging the gap between real-life data and simulated data by providing a highly realistic fall dataset for evaluating camera-based fall detection algorithms.

    PubMed

    Baldewijns, Greet; Debard, Glen; Mertes, Gert; Vanrumste, Bart; Croonenborghs, Tom

    2016-03-01

    Fall incidents are an important health hazard for older adults. Automatic fall detection systems can reduce the consequences of a fall incident by assuring that timely aid is given. The development of these systems is therefore getting a lot of research attention. Real-life data which can help evaluate the results of this research is however sparse. Moreover, research groups that have this type of data are not at liberty to share it. Most research groups thus use simulated datasets. These simulation datasets, however, often do not incorporate the challenges the fall detection system will face when implemented in real-life. In this Letter, a more realistic simulation dataset is presented to fill this gap between real-life data and currently available datasets. It was recorded while re-enacting real-life falls recorded during previous studies. It incorporates the challenges faced by fall detection algorithms in real life. A fall detection algorithm from Debard et al. was evaluated on this dataset. This evaluation showed that the dataset possesses extra challenges compared with other publicly available datasets. In this Letter, the dataset is discussed as well as the results of this preliminary evaluation of the fall detection algorithm. The dataset can be downloaded from www.kuleuven.be/advise/datasets.

  3. Deterministic multidimensional nonuniform gap sampling.

    PubMed

    Worley, Bradley; Powers, Robert

    2015-12-01

    Born from empirical observations in nonuniformly sampled multidimensional NMR data relating to gaps between sampled points, the Poisson-gap sampling method has enjoyed widespread use in biomolecular NMR. While the majority of nonuniform sampling schemes are fully randomly drawn from probability densities that vary over a Nyquist grid, the Poisson-gap scheme employs constrained random deviates to minimize the gaps between sampled grid points. We describe a deterministic gap sampling method, based on the average behavior of Poisson-gap sampling, which performs comparably to its random counterpart with the additional benefit of completely deterministic behavior. We also introduce a general algorithm for multidimensional nonuniform sampling based on a gap equation, and apply it to yield a deterministic sampling scheme that combines burst-mode sampling features with those of Poisson-gap schemes. Finally, we derive a relationship between stochastic gap equations and the expectation value of their sampling probability densities.

  4. Deterministic multidimensional nonuniform gap sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Worley, Bradley; Powers, Robert

    2015-12-01

    Born from empirical observations in nonuniformly sampled multidimensional NMR data relating to gaps between sampled points, the Poisson-gap sampling method has enjoyed widespread use in biomolecular NMR. While the majority of nonuniform sampling schemes are fully randomly drawn from probability densities that vary over a Nyquist grid, the Poisson-gap scheme employs constrained random deviates to minimize the gaps between sampled grid points. We describe a deterministic gap sampling method, based on the average behavior of Poisson-gap sampling, which performs comparably to its random counterpart with the additional benefit of completely deterministic behavior. We also introduce a general algorithm for multidimensional nonuniform sampling based on a gap equation, and apply it to yield a deterministic sampling scheme that combines burst-mode sampling features with those of Poisson-gap schemes. Finally, we derive a relationship between stochastic gap equations and the expectation value of their sampling probability densities.

  5. MULTIPLE SPARK GAP SWITCH

    DOEpatents

    Schofield, A.E.

    1958-07-22

    A multiple spark gap switch of unique construction is described which will permit controlled, simultaneous discharge of several capacitors into a load. The switch construction includes a disc electrode with a plurality of protuberances of generally convex shape on one surface. A firing electrode is insulatingly supponted In each of the electrode protuberances and extends substantially to the apex thereof. Individual electrodes are disposed on an insulating plate parallel with the disc electrode to form a number of spark gaps with the protuberances. These electrodes are each connected to a separate charged capacitor and when a voltage ls applied simultaneously between the trigger electrodes and the dlsc electrode, each spark gap fires to connect its capacitor to the disc electrode and a subsequent load.

  6. Using a spatio-temporal dynamic state-space model with the EM algorithm to patch gaps in daily riverflow series, with examples from the Volta Basin, West Africa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amisigo, B. A.; van de Giesen, N. C.

    2005-04-01

    A spatio-temporal linear dynamic model has been developed for patching short gaps in daily river runoff series. The model was cast in a state-space form in which the state variable was estimated using the Kalman smoother (RTS smoother). The EM algorithm was used to concurrently estimate both parameter and missing runoff values. Application of the model to daily runoff series in the Volta Basin of West Africa showed that the model was capable of providing good estimates of missing runoff values at a gauging station from the remaining series at the station and at spatially correlated stations in the same sub-basin.

  7. Undecidability of the spectral gap.

    PubMed

    Cubitt, Toby S; Perez-Garcia, David; Wolf, Michael M

    2015-12-10

    The spectral gap--the energy difference between the ground state and first excited state of a system--is central to quantum many-body physics. Many challenging open problems, such as the Haldane conjecture, the question of the existence of gapped topological spin liquid phases, and the Yang-Mills gap conjecture, concern spectral gaps. These and other problems are particular cases of the general spectral gap problem: given the Hamiltonian of a quantum many-body system, is it gapped or gapless? Here we prove that this is an undecidable problem. Specifically, we construct families of quantum spin systems on a two-dimensional lattice with translationally invariant, nearest-neighbour interactions, for which the spectral gap problem is undecidable. This result extends to undecidability of other low-energy properties, such as the existence of algebraically decaying ground-state correlations. The proof combines Hamiltonian complexity techniques with aperiodic tilings, to construct a Hamiltonian whose ground state encodes the evolution of a quantum phase-estimation algorithm followed by a universal Turing machine. The spectral gap depends on the outcome of the corresponding 'halting problem'. Our result implies that there exists no algorithm to determine whether an arbitrary model is gapped or gapless, and that there exist models for which the presence or absence of a spectral gap is independent of the axioms of mathematics.

  8. Gap Junctions

    PubMed Central

    Nielsen, Morten Schak; Axelsen, Lene Nygaard; Sorgen, Paul L.; Verma, Vandana; Delmar, Mario; Holstein-Rathlou, Niels-Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Gap junctions are essential to the function of multicellular animals, which require a high degree of coordination between cells. In vertebrates, gap junctions comprise connexins and currently 21 connexins are known in humans. The functions of gap junctions are highly diverse and include exchange of metabolites and electrical signals between cells, as well as functions, which are apparently unrelated to intercellular communication. Given the diversity of gap junction physiology, regulation of gap junction activity is complex. The structure of the various connexins is known to some extent; and structural rearrangements and intramolecular interactions are important for regulation of channel function. Intercellular coupling is further regulated by the number and activity of channels present in gap junctional plaques. The number of connexins in cell-cell channels is regulated by controlling transcription, translation, trafficking, and degradation; and all of these processes are under strict control. Once in the membrane, channel activity is determined by the conductive properties of the connexin involved, which can be regulated by voltage and chemical gating, as well as a large number of posttranslational modifications. The aim of the present article is to review our current knowledge on the structure, regulation, function, and pharmacology of gap junctions. This will be supported by examples of how different connexins and their regulation act in concert to achieve appropriate physiological control, and how disturbances of connexin function can lead to disease. © 2012 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 2:1981-2035, 2012. PMID:23723031

  9. Undecidability of the spectral gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cubitt, Toby S.; Perez-Garcia, David; Wolf, Michael M.

    2015-12-01

    The spectral gap—the energy difference between the ground state and first excited state of a system—is central to quantum many-body physics. Many challenging open problems, such as the Haldane conjecture, the question of the existence of gapped topological spin liquid phases, and the Yang-Mills gap conjecture, concern spectral gaps. These and other problems are particular cases of the general spectral gap problem: given the Hamiltonian of a quantum many-body system, is it gapped or gapless? Here we prove that this is an undecidable problem. Specifically, we construct families of quantum spin systems on a two-dimensional lattice with translationally invariant, nearest-neighbour interactions, for which the spectral gap problem is undecidable. This result extends to undecidability of other low-energy properties, such as the existence of algebraically decaying ground-state correlations. The proof combines Hamiltonian complexity techniques with aperiodic tilings, to construct a Hamiltonian whose ground state encodes the evolution of a quantum phase-estimation algorithm followed by a universal Turing machine. The spectral gap depends on the outcome of the corresponding ‘halting problem’. Our result implies that there exists no algorithm to determine whether an arbitrary model is gapped or gapless, and that there exist models for which the presence or absence of a spectral gap is independent of the axioms of mathematics.

  10. Gap Resolution

    2009-06-16

    With the continued improvements of next generation DNA sequencing technologies and their advantages over traditional Sanger sequencing, the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) has modified its sequencing pipeline to take advantage of the benefits of such technologies. Currently, standard 454 Titanium, paired end 454 Titanium, and Illumina GAll data are generated for all microbial projects and then assembled using draft assemblies at a much greater throughput than before. However, it also presents us with new challenges.more » In addition to the increased throughput, we also have to deal with a larger number of gaps in the Newbler genome assemblies. Gaps in these assemblies are usually caused by repeats (Newbler collapses repeat copies into individual contigs, thus creating gaps), strong secondary structures, and artifacts of the PCR process (specific to 454 paired end libraries). Some gaps in draft assemblies can be resolved merely by adding back the collapsed data from repeats. To expedite gap closure and assembly improvement on large numbers of these assemblies, we developed software to address this issue.« less

  11. Federal Environmental Permitting Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-05-01

    The handbook consists of eight chapters addressing permitting and licensing requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (CERCLA/SARA), the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Clean Water Act (CWA), the Federal Insectide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Each chapter consists of: (1) an introduction to the statute and permitting requirements; (2) a diagram illustrating the relationship between permitting requirements under the statute being discussed and permitting requirements from other environmental statutes which may have to be addressed when applying for a particular permit (e.g., when applying for a RCRA permit, permits and permit applications under the CWA, CAA, SDWA, etc. would have to be listed in the RCRA permit application); and, (3) a compilation of the permitting requirements for the regulatory program resulting from the statute. In addition, the Handbook contains a permitting keyword index and a listing of hotline telephone numbers for each of the statutes.

  12. CCS Project Permit Acquisition Protocols

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Si-Yong; Zaluski, Wade; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian

    2013-06-30

    Geologic carbon storage projects require a vast range of permits prior to deployment. These include land-access permits, drilling permits, seismic survey permits, underground injection control permits, and any number of local and state permits, depending on the location of the project. For the “Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region” (RMCCS) project in particular, critical permits included site access permits, seismic survey permits, and drilling permits for the characterization well. Permits for these and other activities were acquired either prior to or during the project.

  13. Algorithms and Algorithmic Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veselov, V. M.; Koprov, V. M.

    This paper is intended as an introduction to a number of problems connected with the description of algorithms and algorithmic languages, particularly the syntaxes and semantics of algorithmic languages. The terms "letter, word, alphabet" are defined and described. The concept of the algorithm is defined and the relation between the algorithm and…

  14. Exciton Hierarchies in Gapped Carbon Nanotubes

    SciTech Connect

    Konik, R.M.

    2011-04-01

    We present evidence that the strong electron-electron (e-e) interactions in gapped carbon nanotubes lead to finite hierarchies of excitons within a given nanotube subband. We study these hierarchies by employing a field theoretic reduction of the gapped carbon nanotube permitting e-e interactions to be treated exactly. We analyze this reduction by employing a Wilsonian-like numerical renormalization group. We are so able to determine the gap ratios of the one-photon excitons as a function of the effective strength of interactions. We also determine within the same subband the gaps of the two-photon excitons, the single particle gaps, as well as a subset of the dark excitons. The strong e-e interactions in addition lead to strongly renormalized dispersion relations where the consequences of spin-charge separation can be readily observed.

  15. Exciton hierarchies in gapped carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Konik, Robert M

    2011-04-01

    We present evidence that the strong electron-electron (e-e) interactions in gapped carbon nanotubes lead to finite hierarchies of excitons within a given nanotube subband. We study these hierarchies by employing a field theoretic reduction of the gapped carbon nanotube permitting e-e interactions to be treated exactly. We analyze this reduction by employing a Wilsonian-like numerical renormalization group. We are so able to determine the gap ratios of the one-photon excitons as a function of the effective strength of interactions. We also determine within the same subband the gaps of the two-photon excitons, the single particle gaps, as well as a subset of the dark excitons. The strong e-e interactions in addition lead to strongly renormalized dispersion relations where the consequences of spin-charge separation can be readily observed.

  16. Louisiana Title V General Permits

    SciTech Connect

    Boyer, B.E.; Neal, T.L.

    1995-12-31

    Title V of the Federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 requires federal operating permits for all major sources of air pollution. In 1992, Title 40, Part 70 of the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR Part 70) codified the law s requirements. These federal regulations, entitled Operating Permit Program, define the minimum requirements for state administered operating permit programs. The intent of Title V is to put into one document all requirements of an operating permit. General Permits for oil and gas facilities may be preferred if the facility can comply with all permit requirements. If greater flexibility than allowed by the General Permit is required, then the facility should apply for an individual Title V permit. General Permits are designed to streamline the permitting process, shorten the time it takes to obtain approval for initial and modified permits. The advantages of the General Permit include reduced paperwork and greater consistency because the permits are standardized. There should be less uncertainty because permit requirements will be known at the time of application. Approval times for Initial and modified General Permits should be reduced. Lengthy public notice procedures (and possible hearings) will be required for only the initial approval of the General Permit and not for each applicant to the permit. A disadvantage of General Permits is reduced flexibility since the facility must comply with the requirements of a standardized permit.

  17. Hanford Facility RCRA permit handbook

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    Purpose of this Hanford Facility (HF) RCRA Permit Handbook is to provide, in one document, information to be used for clarification of permit conditions and guidance for implementing the HF RCRA Permit.

  18. 50 CFR 622.50 - Permits, permit moratorium, and endorsements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico § 622.50 Permits, permit moratorium, and endorsements. (a) Gulf shrimp permit. For a person aboard a vessel to fish for shrimp in the Gulf EEZ or possess shrimp in or from the Gulf EEZ, a commercial vessel permit for Gulf shrimp must have been...

  19. 50 CFR 622.50 - Permits, permit moratorium, and endorsements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Shrimp Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico § 622.50 Permits, permit moratorium, and endorsements. (a) Gulf shrimp permit. For a person aboard a vessel to fish for shrimp in the Gulf EEZ or possess shrimp in or from the Gulf EEZ, a commercial vessel permit for Gulf shrimp must have been...

  20. PERMITTING HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATORS

    EPA Science Inventory

    This publication is a compilation of information presented at a seminar series designed to address the issues that affect the issuance of hazardous waste incineration permits and to improve the overall understanding of trial burn testing. pecifically, the document provides guidan...

  1. Permit application modifications

    SciTech Connect

    1995-11-01

    This document contains the Permit Application Modifications for the Y-12 Industrial Landfill V site on the Oak Ridge Reservation. These modifications include the assessment of stability of the proposed Landfill V under static and loading conditions. Analyses performed include the general slope stability, veneer stability of the bottom liner and cover system, and a liquefaction potential assessment of the foundation soils.

  2. Abort Gap Cleaning for LHC Run 2

    SciTech Connect

    Uythoven, Jan; Boccardi, Andrea; Bravin, Enrico; Goddard, Brennan; Hemelsoet, Georges-Henry; Höfle, Wolfgang; Jacquet, Delphine; Kain, Verena; Mazzoni, Stefano; Meddahi, Malika; Valuch, Daniel; Gianfelice-Wendt, Eliana

    2014-07-01

    To minimize the beam losses at the moment of an LHC beam dump the 3 μs long abort gap should contain as few particles as possible. Its population can be minimised by abort gap cleaning using the LHC transverse damper system. The LHC Run 1 experience is briefly recalled; changes foreseen for the LHC Run 2 are presented. They include improvements in the observation of the abort gap population and the mechanism to decide if cleaning is required, changes to the hardware of the transverse dampers to reduce the detrimental effect on the luminosity lifetime and proposed changes to the applied cleaning algorithms.

  3. Semioptimal practicable algorithmic cooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elias, Yuval; Mor, Tal; Weinstein, Yossi

    2011-04-01

    Algorithmic cooling (AC) of spins applies entropy manipulation algorithms in open spin systems in order to cool spins far beyond Shannon’s entropy bound. Algorithmic cooling of nuclear spins was demonstrated experimentally and may contribute to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Several cooling algorithms were suggested in recent years, including practicable algorithmic cooling (PAC) and exhaustive AC. Practicable algorithms have simple implementations, yet their level of cooling is far from optimal; exhaustive algorithms, on the other hand, cool much better, and some even reach (asymptotically) an optimal level of cooling, but they are not practicable. We introduce here semioptimal practicable AC (SOPAC), wherein a few cycles (typically two to six) are performed at each recursive level. Two classes of SOPAC algorithms are proposed and analyzed. Both attain cooling levels significantly better than PAC and are much more efficient than the exhaustive algorithms. These algorithms are shown to bridge the gap between PAC and exhaustive AC. In addition, we calculated the number of spins required by SOPAC in order to purify qubits for quantum computation. As few as 12 and 7 spins are required (in an ideal scenario) to yield a mildly pure spin (60% polarized) from initial polarizations of 1% and 10%, respectively. In the latter case, about five more spins are sufficient to produce a highly pure spin (99.99% polarized), which could be relevant for fault-tolerant quantum computing.

  4. Behind the Pay Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dey, Judy Goldberg; Hill, Catherine

    2007-01-01

    Women have made remarkable gains in education during the past three decades, yet these achievements have resulted in only modest improvements in pay equity. The gender pay gap has become a fixture of the U.S. workplace and is so ubiquitous that many simply view it as normal. "Behind the Pay Gap" examines the gender pay gap for college graduates.…

  5. Practice Gaps in Pruritus.

    PubMed

    Silverberg, Jonathan I

    2016-07-01

    There are several practice gaps in the evaluation and management of itch. These gaps include a dearth of objective measures of itch, infrequent use of validated patient-reported outcomes for itch, non-evidence-based treatment, and lack of consensus about the ideal workup for generalized itch. The present article reviews these gaps and presents potential solutions. PMID:27363881

  6. Regulatory and Permitting Issues

    SciTech Connect

    Larry Myer

    2005-12-01

    As part of the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB), Terralog Technologies USA, Inc., reviewed current state and federal regulations related to carbon dioxide capture and storage within geologic formations and enhanced carbon uptake in terrestrial ecosystems. We have evaluated and summarized the current and possible future permitting requirements for the six states that comprise the West Coast Regional Partnership. Four options exist for CO{sub 2} injection into appropriate geologic formations, including storage in: (1) oil and gas reservoirs, (2) saline formations, (3) unmineable coal beds, and (4) salt caverns. Terrestrial CO{sub 2} sequestration involves improved carbon conservation management (e.g. reduction of deforestation), carbon substitution (e.g., substitution for fossil fuel-based products, energy conservation through urban forestry, biomass for energy generation), and improved carbon storage management (e.g., expanding the storage of carbon in forest ecosystems). The primary terrestrial options for the West Coast Region include: (1) reforestation of under-producing lands (including streamside forest restoration), (2) improved forest management, (3) forest protection and conservation, and (4) fuel treatments for the reduction of risk of uncharacteristically severe fires (potentially with associated biomass energy generation). The permits and/or contracts required for any land-use changes/disturbances and biomass energy generation that may occur as part of WESTCARB's activities have been summarized for each state.

  7. Permitting (Title V. 1990 CAAA)

    SciTech Connect

    Schulze, R.A.

    1995-08-01

    The status of the Clean Air Act Operating Permits Program as of March 2, 1995 is outlined. By November 15, 1993, operating permits programs were to have been submitted by all states and territories consistent with the Federal Operating Permits Program regulations. Submittals were required from 56 states, including the District of Columbia and Territories. In many cases, local programs are responsible for developing and implementing the operating permits programs for their areas of jurisdiction. Steps in the approval process are listed. Under the Clean Air Act, EPA is to implement sanctions by May 15, 1995 in those situations where a complete operating permit program has not been submitted for EPA review.

  8. Rho/RacGAPs

    PubMed Central

    Csépányi-Kömi, Roland; Lévay, Magdolna; Ligeti, Erzsébet

    2012-01-01

    Regulatory proteins such as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) determine the activity of small GTPases. In the Rho/Rac family, the number of GEFs and GAPs largely exceeds the number of small GTPases, raising the question of specific or overlapping functions. In our recent study we investigated the first time ARHGAP25 at the protein level, determined its activity as RacGAP and showed its involvement in phagocytosis. With the discovery of ARHGAP25, the number of RacGAPs described in phagocytes is increased to six. We provide data that indicate the specific functions of selected Rho/RacGAPs and we show an example of differential regulation of a Rho/Rac family GAP by different kinases. We propose that the abundance of Rho/Rac family GAPs is an important element of the fine spatiotemporal regulation of diverse cellular functions. PMID:22751505

  9. 50 CFR 665.662 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any PRIA precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit... surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral fishery issued under §...

  10. 50 CFR 665.662 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any PRIA precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit... surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral fishery issued under §...

  11. 50 CFR 665.662 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any PRIA precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit... surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral fishery issued under §...

  12. 50 CFR 665.662 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any PRIA precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit... surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral fishery issued under §...

  13. 50 CFR 665.662 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any PRIA precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit... surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral fishery issued under §...

  14. Computational band-gap engineering in wide-gap MgO-ZnO alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leone, R. Matt; Hart, Gus L. W.

    2006-03-01

    Wide-gap semiconducting materials are extending critical applications in high temperature/power electronics and optoelectronics such as with the continued advancement of blue to ultraviolet LEDs and lasers. MgO-ZnO alloys have been increasingly investigated due to their UV luminescence from 150-400 nm, 3.3-7.8 eV. We have developed a first-principles model Hamiltonian that predicts band gaps of cubic MgO-ZnO alloys for any superlattice type or atomic configuration. First-principles band gap energies were used as input to construct an Ising-like cluster expansion, and the cluster types used were determined using a novel genetic algorithm. The design of specific wide-gap MgO-ZnO alloy superlattices for desired target band gaps is now possible with this resultant model Hamiltonian.

  15. Quantification of gap junction selectivity.

    PubMed

    Ek-Vitorín, Jose F; Burt, Janis M

    2005-12-01

    Gap junctions, which are essential for functional coordination and homeostasis within tissues, permit the direct intercellular exchange of small molecules. The abundance and diversity of this exchange depends on the number and selectivity of the comprising channels and on the transjunctional gradient for and chemical character of the permeant molecules. Limited knowledge of functionally significant permeants and poor detectability of those few that are known have made it difficult to define channel selectivity. Presented herein is a multifaceted approach to the quantification of gap junction selectivity that includes determination of the rate constant for intercellular diffusion of a fluorescent probe (k2-DYE) and junctional conductance (gj) for each junction studied, such that the selective permeability (k2-DYE/gj) for dyes with differing chemical characteristics or junctions with differing connexin (Cx) compositions (or treatment conditions) can be compared. In addition, selective permeability can be correlated using single-channel conductance when this parameter is also measured. Our measurement strategy is capable of detecting 1) rate constants and selective permeabilities that differ across three orders of magnitude and 2) acute changes in that rate constant. Using this strategy, we have shown that 1) the selective permeability of Cx43 junctions to a small cationic dye varied across two orders of magnitude, consistent with the hypothesis that the various channel configurations adopted by Cx43 display different selective permeabilities; and 2) the selective permeability of Cx37 vs. Cx43 junctions was consistently and significantly lower. PMID:16093281

  16. Avoiding Title V permitting pitfalls

    SciTech Connect

    Laswell, D.L.

    1993-04-01

    Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments requires states to implement new air operating permit programs. States have a great deal of flexibility in developing their permit programs. Industry should work now to ensure that state programs contain the favorable aspects of the federal regulations and do not contain more stringent requirements that are not required under the Clean Air Act. This article outlines areas of the permit program that have the potential to handicap industry`s ability to expand.

  17. Structure and function of gap junction proteins: role of gap junction proteins in embryonic heart development.

    PubMed

    Ahir, Bhavesh K; Pratten, Margaret K

    2014-01-01

    Intercellular (cell-to-cell) communication is a crucial and complex mechanism during embryonic heart development. In the cardiovascular system, the beating of the heart is a dynamic and key regulatory process, which is functionally regulated by the coordinated spread of electrical activity through heart muscle cells. Heart tissues are composed of individual cells, each bearing specialized cell surface membrane structures called gap junctions that permit the intercellular exchange of ions and low molecular weight molecules. Gap junction channels are essential in normal heart function and they assist in the mediated spread of electrical impulses that stimulate synchronized contraction (via an electrical syncytium) of cardiac tissues. This present review describes the current knowledge of gap junction biology. In the first part, we summarise some relevant biochemical and physiological properties of gap junction proteins, including their structure and function. In the second part, we review the current evidence demonstrating the role of gap junction proteins in embryonic development with particular reference to those involved in embryonic heart development. Genetics and transgenic animal studies of gap junction protein function in embryonic heart development are considered and the alteration/disruption of gap junction intercellular communication which may lead to abnormal heart development is also discussed.

  18. 50 CFR 665.162 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any American Samoa precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral... upon surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral...

  19. 50 CFR 665.262 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Any vessel of the United States fishing for, taking, or retaining Hawaii precious coral MUS in any Hawaiian Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit...

  20. 50 CFR 665.262 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Any vessel of the United States fishing for, taking, or retaining Hawaii precious coral MUS in any Hawaiian Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit...

  1. 50 CFR 665.162 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any American Samoa precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral... upon surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral...

  2. 50 CFR 665.262 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Any vessel of the United States fishing for, taking, or retaining Hawaii precious coral MUS in any Hawaiian Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit...

  3. 50 CFR 665.162 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any American Samoa precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral... upon surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral...

  4. 50 CFR 665.262 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Any vessel of the United States fishing for, taking, or retaining Hawaii precious coral MUS in any Hawaiian Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit...

  5. 50 CFR 665.262 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Any vessel of the United States fishing for, taking, or retaining Hawaii precious coral MUS in any Hawaiian Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral Permit...

  6. 50 CFR 665.162 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any American Samoa precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral... upon surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral...

  7. 50 CFR 665.162 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... coral MUS in any American Samoa precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13. (b) Each permit will be valid for fishing only in the permit area specified on the permit. Precious Coral... upon surrendering to the Regional Administrator any current permit for the precious coral...

  8. Narrowing Participation Gaps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hand, Victoria; Kirtley, Karmen; Matassa, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Shrinking the achievement gap in mathematics is a tall order. One way to approach this challenge is to think about how the achievement gap manifests itself in the classroom and take concrete action. For example, opportunities to participate in activities that involve mathematical reasoning and argumentation in a safe and supportive manner are…

  9. The National "Expertise Gap"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Kendra

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation's report, "Diversity and the Ph.D.," released in May, which documents in troubling detail the exact dimensions of what the foundation's president, Dr. Robert Weisbuch, is calling the national "expertise gap." Weisbuch states that the expertise gap extends beyond the…

  10. Confronting the Achievement Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, David

    2007-01-01

    This article talks about the large achievement gap between children of color and their white peers. The reasons for the achievement gap are varied. First, many urban minorities come from a background of poverty. One of the detrimental effects of growing up in poverty is receiving inadequate nourishment at a time when bodies and brains are rapidly…

  11. California: Emigrant Gap

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    article title:  Emigrant Gap Fire, California     View Larger ... The most prominent plume arises from the Emigrant Gap Fire, located about 40 kilometers west of Lake Tahoe. The animated panorama ... left is Mount Shasta. As of August 30, 2001, the US Forest Service reported the total year-to-date area burned in Northern ...

  12. Knowledge Gaps, Social Locators, and Media Schemata: Gaps, Reverse Gaps, and Gaps of Disaffection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredin, Eric S.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Studies a public school controversy and finds a knowledge gap--a gap of disaffection. Finds that, among women only, higher education leads to greater knowledge but does so partly through reduced trust of government and lower perceived fairness of the news media. Shows similar findings with other less powerful groups. (SR)

  13. The Parenting Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Richard V.; Howard, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    The parenting gap is a big factor in the opportunity gap. The chances of upward social mobility are lower for children with parents struggling to do a good job--in terms of creating a supportive and stimulating home environment. Children lucky enough to have strong parents are more likely to succeed at all the critical life stages, which means…

  14. Numerical Simulation of Supersonic Gap Flow

    PubMed Central

    Jing, Xu; Haiming, Huang; Guo, Huang; Song, Mo

    2015-01-01

    Various gaps in the surface of the supersonic aircraft have a significant effect on airflows. In order to predict the effects of attack angle, Mach number and width-to-depth ratio of gap on the local aerodynamic heating environment of supersonic flow, two-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved by the finite volume method, where convective flux of space term adopts the Roe format, and discretization of time term is achieved by 5-step Runge-Kutta algorithm. The numerical results reveal that the heat flux ratio is U-shaped distribution on the gap wall and maximum at the windward corner of the gap. The heat flux ratio decreases as the gap depth and Mach number increase, however, it increases as the attack angle increases. In addition, it is important to find that chamfer in the windward corner can effectively reduce gap effect coefficient. The study will be helpful for the design of the thermal protection system in reentry vehicles. PMID:25635395

  15. Anion gap acidosis.

    PubMed

    Ishihara, K; Szerlip, H M

    1998-01-01

    Although an anion gap at less than 20 mEq/L rarely has a defined etiology, significant elevations in the anion gap almost always signify presence of an acidosis that can be easily identified. Anion gap acidoses can be divided into those caused by lactate accumulation, ketoacid production, toxin/drugs, and uremia. Lactic acidoses caused by decreased oxygen delivery or defective oxygen utilization are associated with high mortality. The treatment of lactic acidosis is controversial. The use of bicarbonate to increase pH is rarely successful and, by generating PCO2, may worsen outcome. Ketoacidosis is usually secondary to diabetes or alcohol. Treatment is aimed at turning off ketogenesis and repairing fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Methanol, ethylene glycol, and salicylates are responsible for the majority of toxin-induced anion gap acidoses. Both methanol and ethylene glycol are associated with severe acidoses and elevated osmolar gaps. Treatment of both is alcohol infusion to decrease formation of toxic metabolites and dialyses to remove toxins. Salicylate toxicity usually is associated with a mild metabolic acidosis and a respiratory alkalosis. Uremia is associated with a mild acidosis secondary to decreased ammonia secretion and an anion gap caused by the retention of unmeasured anions. A decrease in anion gap is caused by numerous mechanisms and thus has little clinical utility.

  16. SPARK GAP SWITCH

    DOEpatents

    Neal, R.B.

    1957-12-17

    An improved triggered spark gap switch is described, capable of precisely controllable firing time while switching very large amounts of power. The invention in general comprises three electrodes adjustably spaced and adapted to have a large potential impressed between the outer electrodes. The central electrode includes two separate elements electrically connected togetaer and spaced apart to define a pair of spark gaps between the end electrodes. Means are provided to cause the gas flow in the switch to pass towards the central electrode, through a passage in each separate element, and out an exit disposed between the two separate central electrode elements in order to withdraw ions from the spark gap.

  17. Genetic algorithms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, Lui; Bayer, Steven E.

    1991-01-01

    Genetic algorithms are mathematical, highly parallel, adaptive search procedures (i.e., problem solving methods) based loosely on the processes of natural genetics and Darwinian survival of the fittest. Basic genetic algorithms concepts are introduced, genetic algorithm applications are introduced, and results are presented from a project to develop a software tool that will enable the widespread use of genetic algorithm technology.

  18. Document Organization Using Kohonen's Algorithm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero Bote, Vicente P.; Moya Anegon, Felix de; Herrero Solana, Victor

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of the classification of documents from bibliographic databases focuses on a method of vectorizing reference documents from LISA (Library and Information Science Abstracts) which permits their topological organization using Kohonen's algorithm. Analyzes possibilities of this type of neural network with respect to the development of…

  19. Gaps in Oncology

    Cancer.gov

    The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study Original Version provides background for the curriculum and identifies gaps in current and desired comprehensive cancer care.

  20. Fiber optic gap gauge

    DOEpatents

    Wood, Billy E.; Groves, Scott E.; Larsen, Greg J.; Sanchez, Roberto J.

    2006-11-14

    A lightweight, small size, high sensitivity gauge for indirectly measuring displacement or absolute gap width by measuring axial strain in an orthogonal direction to the displacement/gap width. The gap gauge includes a preferably titanium base having a central tension bar with springs connecting opposite ends of the tension bar to a pair of end connector bars, and an elongated bow spring connected to the end connector bars with a middle section bowed away from the base to define a gap. The bow spring is capable of producing an axial strain in the base proportional to a displacement of the middle section in a direction orthogonal to the base. And a strain sensor, such as a Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensor, is connected to measure the axial strain in the base, so that the displacement of the middle section may be indirectly determined from the measurement of the axial strain in the base.

  1. Photonic band gap materials

    SciTech Connect

    Soukoulis, C.M. |

    1993-12-31

    An overview of the theoretical and experimental efforts in obtaining a photonic band gap, a frequency band in three-dimensional dielectric structures in which electromagnetic waves are forbidden, is presented.

  2. Bridging the semantic gap in sports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Baoxin; Errico, James; Pan, Hao; Sezan, M. Ibrahim

    2003-01-01

    One of the major challenges facing current media management systems and the related applications is the so-called "semantic gap" between the rich meaning that a user desires and the shallowness of the content descriptions that are automatically extracted from the media. In this paper, we address the problem of bridging this gap in the sports domain. We propose a general framework for indexing and summarizing sports broadcast programs. The framework is based on a high-level model of sports broadcast video using the concept of an event, defined according to domain-specific knowledge for different types of sports. Within this general framework, we develop automatic event detection algorithms that are based on automatic analysis of the visual and aural signals in the media. We have successfully applied the event detection algorithms to different types of sports including American football, baseball, Japanese sumo wrestling, and soccer. Event modeling and detection contribute to the reduction of the semantic gap by providing rudimentary semantic information obtained through media analysis. We further propose a novel approach, which makes use of independently generated rich textual metadata, to fill the gap completely through synchronization of the information-laden textual data with the basic event segments. An MPEG-7 compliant prototype browsing system has been implemented to demonstrate semantic retrieval and summarization of sports video.

  3. Robotic Tube-Gap Inspector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilbert, Jeffrey L.; Gutow, David A.; Maslakowski, John E.

    1993-01-01

    Robotic vision system measures small gaps between nearly parallel tubes. Robot-held video camera examines closely spaced tubes while computer determines gaps between tubes. Video monitor simultaneously displays data on gaps.

  4. 40 CFR 144.33 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area permits. 144.33 Section 144.33... INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.33 Area permits. (a) The Director may issue a permit on an area basis, rather than for each well individually, provided that the permit is for...

  5. 40 CFR 144.33 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Area permits. 144.33 Section 144.33... INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.33 Area permits. (a) The Director may issue a permit on an area basis, rather than for each well individually, provided that the permit is for...

  6. 40 CFR 144.33 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Area permits. 144.33 Section 144.33... INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.33 Area permits. (a) The Director may issue a permit on an area basis, rather than for each well individually, provided that the permit is for...

  7. 40 CFR 144.33 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Area permits. 144.33 Section 144.33... INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.33 Area permits. (a) The Director may issue a permit on an area basis, rather than for each well individually, provided that the permit is for...

  8. 40 CFR 70.6 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit content. 70.6 Section 70.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STATE OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS § 70.6 Permit content. (a) Standard permit requirements. Each permit issued...

  9. 9 CFR 104.2 - Permit authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... permits for importing biological products. They shall be: (1) U.S. Veterinary Biological Product Permit for Research and Evaluation; (2) U.S. Veterinary Biological Product Permit for Distribution and Sale; or (3) U.S. Veterinary Biological Product Permit for Transit Shipment Only. (b) A permit shall not...

  10. 40 CFR 72.85 - Permit reopenings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.85 Permit reopenings. (a) The permitting authority shall reopen an Acid Rain permit for cause whenever: (1) Any additional requirement under the Acid Rain Program becomes applicable... revoked to assure compliance with Acid Rain Program requirements. (b) In reopening an Acid Rain permit...

  11. 40 CFR 72.85 - Permit reopenings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.85 Permit reopenings. (a) The permitting authority shall reopen an Acid Rain permit for cause whenever: (1) Any additional requirement under the Acid Rain Program becomes applicable... revoked to assure compliance with Acid Rain Program requirements. (b) In reopening an Acid Rain permit...

  12. 40 CFR 72.85 - Permit reopenings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.85 Permit reopenings. (a) The permitting authority shall reopen an Acid Rain permit for cause whenever: (1) Any additional requirement under the Acid Rain Program becomes applicable... revoked to assure compliance with Acid Rain Program requirements. (b) In reopening an Acid Rain permit...

  13. 40 CFR 72.85 - Permit reopenings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.85 Permit reopenings. (a) The permitting authority shall reopen an Acid Rain permit for cause whenever: (1) Any additional requirement under the Acid Rain Program becomes applicable... revoked to assure compliance with Acid Rain Program requirements. (b) In reopening an Acid Rain permit...

  14. 40 CFR 72.85 - Permit reopenings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.85 Permit reopenings. (a) The permitting authority shall reopen an Acid Rain permit for cause whenever: (1) Any additional requirement under the Acid Rain Program becomes applicable... revoked to assure compliance with Acid Rain Program requirements. (b) In reopening an Acid Rain permit...

  15. The National Solar Permitting Database

    2014-08-31

    "The soft costs of solar—costs not associated with hardware—remain stubbornly high. Among the biggest soft costs are those associated with inefficiencies in local permitting and inspection. A study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory estimates that these costs add an average of $0.22/W per residential installation. This project helps reduce non-hardware/balance of system (BOS) costs by creating and maintaining a free and available site of permitting requirements and solar systemmore » verification software that installers can use to reduce time, capital, and resource investments in tracking permitting requirements. Software tools to identify best permitting practices can enable government stakeholders to optimize their permitting process and remove superfluous costs and requirements. Like ""a Wikipedia for solar permitting"", users can add, edit, delete, and update information for a given jurisdiction. We incentivize this crowdsourcing approach by recognizing users for their contributions in the form of SEO benefits to their company or organization by linking back to users' websites."« less

  16. The National Solar Permitting Database

    SciTech Connect

    Gunderson, Renic

    2014-08-31

    "The soft costs of solar—costs not associated with hardware—remain stubbornly high. Among the biggest soft costs are those associated with inefficiencies in local permitting and inspection. A study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory estimates that these costs add an average of $0.22/W per residential installation. This project helps reduce non-hardware/balance of system (BOS) costs by creating and maintaining a free and available site of permitting requirements and solar system verification software that installers can use to reduce time, capital, and resource investments in tracking permitting requirements. Software tools to identify best permitting practices can enable government stakeholders to optimize their permitting process and remove superfluous costs and requirements. Like ""a Wikipedia for solar permitting"", users can add, edit, delete, and update information for a given jurisdiction. We incentivize this crowdsourcing approach by recognizing users for their contributions in the form of SEO benefits to their company or organization by linking back to users' websites."

  17. Polynomial Conjoint Analysis of Similarities: A Model for Constructing Polynomial Conjoint Measurement Algorithms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Forrest W.

    A model permitting construction of algorithms for the polynomial conjoint analysis of similarities is presented. This model, which is based on concepts used in nonmetric scaling, permits one to obtain the best approximate solution. The concepts used to construct nonmetric scaling algorithms are reviewed. Finally, examples of algorithmic models for…

  18. 40 CFR 72.62 - Draft permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REGULATION Federal Acid Rain Permit Issuance Procedures § 72.62 Draft permit. (a) After the Administrator receives a complete Acid Rain permit application and any supplemental information, the Administrator...

  19. 40 CFR 72.62 - Draft permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... REGULATION Federal Acid Rain Permit Issuance Procedures § 72.62 Draft permit. (a) After the Administrator receives a complete Acid Rain permit application and any supplemental information, the Administrator...

  20. 40 CFR 72.62 - Draft permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REGULATION Federal Acid Rain Permit Issuance Procedures § 72.62 Draft permit. (a) After the Administrator receives a complete Acid Rain permit application and any supplemental information, the Administrator...

  1. 40 CFR 72.62 - Draft permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATION Federal Acid Rain Permit Issuance Procedures § 72.62 Draft permit. (a) After the Administrator receives a complete Acid Rain permit application and any supplemental information, the Administrator...

  2. 40 CFR 72.62 - Draft permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... REGULATION Federal Acid Rain Permit Issuance Procedures § 72.62 Draft permit. (a) After the Administrator receives a complete Acid Rain permit application and any supplemental information, the Administrator...

  3. Gap Cycling for SWIFT

    PubMed Central

    Corum, Curtis A.; Idiyatullin, Djaudat; Snyder, Carl J.; Garwood, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Purpose SWIFT (SWeep Imaging with Fourier Transformation) is a non-Cartesian MRI method with unique features and capabilities. In SWIFT, radiofrequency (RF) excitation and reception are performed nearly simultaneously, by rapidly switching between transmit and receive during a frequency-swept RF pulse. Because both the transmitted pulse and data acquisition are simultaneously amplitude-modulated in SWIFT (in contrast to continuous RF excitation and uninterrupted data acquisition in more familiar MRI sequences), crosstalk between different frequency bands occurs in the data. This crosstalk leads to a “bulls-eye” artifact in SWIFT images. We present a method to cancel this inter-band crosstalk by cycling the pulse and receive gap positions relative to the un-gapped pulse shape. We call this strategy “gap cycling.” Methods We carry out theoretical analysis, simulation and experiments to characterize the signal chain, resulting artifacts, and their elimination for SWIFT. Results Theoretical analysis reveals the mechanism for gap-cycling’s effectiveness in canceling inter-band crosstalk in the received data. We show phantom and in-vivo results demonstrating bulls-eye artifact free images. Conclusion Gap cycling is an effective method to remove bulls-eye artifact resulting from inter-band crosstalk in SWIFT data. PMID:24604286

  4. Precision gap particle separator

    DOEpatents

    Benett, William J.; Miles, Robin; Jones, II., Leslie M.; Stockton, Cheryl

    2004-06-08

    A system for separating particles entrained in a fluid includes a base with a first channel and a second channel. A precision gap connects the first channel and the second channel. The precision gap is of a size that allows small particles to pass from the first channel into the second channel and prevents large particles from the first channel into the second channel. A cover is positioned over the base unit, the first channel, the precision gap, and the second channel. An port directs the fluid containing the entrained particles into the first channel. An output port directs the large particles out of the first channel. A port connected to the second channel directs the small particles out of the second channel.

  5. 40 CFR 52.1233 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Minnesota § 52.1233 Operating permits. (a) Emission limitations and related provisions which are established in Minnesota permits as...

  6. 40 CFR 52.1233 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Minnesota § 52.1233 Operating permits. (a) Emission limitations and related provisions which are established in Minnesota permits as...

  7. Bridging NCL research gaps.

    PubMed

    Stehr, Frank; van der Putten, Herman

    2015-10-01

    The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, collectively called NCLs, are rare and fatal lysosomal storage diseases that mainly affect children. Due to the fact that NCLs are both rare and heterogeneous (mutations in thirteen different genes) significant gaps exist in both preclinical and clinical research. Altogether, these gaps are major hurdles to bring therapies to patients while the need for new therapies is urgent to help them and their families. To define gaps and discuss solutions, a round table discussion involving teams and different stake holders took place during the 14th International Conference on Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (Batten Disease) in Cordóba, Argentina. Topics covered by the teams and their leaders (in parentheses) included basic and translational research gaps with regard to large animal models (I. Tammen, D.N. Palmer), human NCL pathology and access to human tissue (J.D. Cooper, H.H. Goebel), rare NCLs (S. Hofman, I. Noher), links of NCLs to other diseases (F.M. Platt), gaps between clinic and clinical trials (H. Adams, A. Schulz), international collaborative efforts working towards a cure (S.E. Mole, H. Band) perspectives on palliative care from patient organizations (M. Frazier, A. West), and issues NCL researchers face when progressing to independent career in academia (M. Bond). Thoughts presented by the team leaders include previously unpublished opinions and information on the lack of understanding of disease pathomechanisms, gene function, assays for drug discovery and target validation, natural history of disease, and biomarkers for monitoring disease progression and treatment effects. This article is not intended to review the NCL literature. It includes personal opinions of the authors and it provides the reader with a summary of gaps discussed and solutions proposed by the teams. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Current Research on the Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (Batten Disease). PMID:26056946

  8. Mind the Gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Litim, Daniel F.

    We discuss an optimisation criterion for the exact renormalisation group based on the inverse effective propagator, which displays a gap. We show that a simple extremisation of the gap stabilises the flow, leading to better convergence of approximate solutions towards the physical theory. This improves the reliability of truncations, most relevant for any high precision computation. These ideas are closely linked to the removal of a spurious scheme dependence and a minimum sensitivity condition. The issue of predictive power and a link to the Polchinski RG are discussed as well. We illustrate our findings by computing critical exponents for the Ising universality class.

  9. Spark gap electrode erosion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krompholz, H.; Kristiansen, M.

    1984-12-01

    The results of a one-year contract on electrode erosion phenomena are summarized. The arc voltage drop in a spark gap was measured for various electrode, gas, and pressure combinations. A previously developed model of self breakdown voltage distribution was extended. A jet model for electrode erosion was proposed and an experimental arrangement for testing the model was constructed. The effects of inhomogeneities and impurities in the electrodes were investigated. Some of the work described here is scheduled for completion in 1985 under a current grant (AFOSR 84-0032). The areas of investigation described here include: (1) Self breakdown voltage distributions; (2) Electrode erosion; (3) Spark gap voltage recovery.

  10. The Permits Game: Conveying the Logic of Marketable Pollution Permits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walbert, Mark S; Bierma, Thomas J.

    1988-01-01

    Presents an interactive classroom technique to help students understand how the market can be used to arrive at a cost-effective method for pollution control. Emphasizes the understanding of the fundamental ideas that the optimal level of pollution is rarely zero and that marketable pollution permits are efficient means of control. (KO)

  11. The Academic Generation Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dronzek, Anna

    2008-01-01

    The current generation gap in academia is different--fundamentally shaped by the structural problems of academic employment. The job market has especially exacerbated tensions between senior and junior faculty by ratcheting up expectations and requirements at every stage of the academic career. The disparities have been mentioned often enough to…

  12. Graphene: Mind the gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novoselov, Kostya

    2007-10-01

    Research now shows that interaction with silicon carbide substrate leads to the opening of a semiconductor gap in epitaxial graphene. This is an important first step towards bandgap engineering in this two-dimensional crystal, and its incorporation in electronic devices.

  13. Estimating Gender Wage Gaps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Judith A.; Thornton, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    Course research projects that use easy-to-access real-world data and that generate findings with which undergraduate students can readily identify are hard to find. The authors describe a project that requires students to estimate the current female-male earnings gap for new college graduates. The project also enables students to see to what…

  14. Crossing the Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockette, Tim

    2009-01-01

    In a nation where education is funded largely by local property taxes, schools in wealthy communities have plenty of funds to spend on programs that get their kids ready for college. Schools in poor communities scrimp and save to get the job done--or hope that funding from the state will help fill in the gap. This article describes how students…

  15. Closing the Performance Gap.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggins, Cheryl G.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how the principal of a K-2, 400-student suburban elementary school near Flint, Michigan, worked with her staff and superintendent to develop and implement a strategic plan to close the student achievement gap. Reports significant improvement in reading and math scores after 1 year. (PKP)

  16. STEMMING the Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahler, Jim; Valentine, Nancy

    2011-01-01

    America has a gap when it comes to youth pursuing science and technology careers. In an effort to improve the knowledge and application of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), after-school programs can work in conjunction with formal in-school curriculum to improve science education. One organization that actively addresses this…

  17. Gaining on the Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert G.

    2010-01-01

    About three-quarters of the 2009 graduates of the highly diverse Arlington, Virginia, Public Schools completed one or more Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate courses during their high school careers. That figure serves as one indicator of a decade-long initiative to eliminate achievement gaps while raising achievement for all…

  18. Multiple gap photovoltaic device

    DOEpatents

    Dalal, Vikram L.

    1981-01-01

    A multiple gap photovoltaic device having a transparent electrical contact adjacent a first cell which in turn is adjacent a second cell on an opaque electrical contact, includes utilizing an amorphous semiconductor as the first cell and a crystalline semiconductor as the second cell.

  19. Gap Filling in Road Extraction Using Radon Transformation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matkan, A. A.; Hajeb, M.; Eslami, M.; Pourali, H.; Sadeghian, S.

    2012-07-01

    Road information has a key role in many applications such as transportation, automatic navigation, traffic management, crisis management, and also to facilitate and accelerate updating databases in a GIS. Therefore in the past two decades, automatic road extraction has become an important issue in remote sensing, photogrammetry and computer vision. An essential challenge in road extraction process is filling the gaps which have appeared due to getting placed under trees, tunnels or any other reason. Connection of roads is a momentous topological property that is necessity to perform most of the spatial analyses. Hence, Gap filling is an important post-process. The main aim of this paper is to provide a method which is applicable in road extraction algorithms to automatic fill the gaps. The proposed algorithm is based on Radon transformation and has four stags. In the first stage, detected road are thinned insofar as one pixel width is achieved. Then endpoints are detected. In the second stage, regarding to some constraints those endpoints which do not belong to any gaps are identified and deleted from endpoints list. In the third stage, the real gaps are found using the road direction computed by used of Radon technique. In fourth stage, the selected endpoints are connected together using Spline interpolation. This algorithm is applied on several datasets and also on a real detected road. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has good performance on straight roads but it does not work well in intersections, due to being direction-oriented.

  20. Tunable nanometer electrode gaps by MeV ion irradiation

    PubMed Central

    Cheang-Wong, J.-C.; Narumi, K.; Schürmann, G. M.; Aziz, M. J.; Golovchenko, J. A.

    2012-01-01

    We report the use of MeV ion-irradiation-induced plastic deformation of amorphous materials to fabricate electrodes with nanometer-sized gaps. Plastic deformation of the amorphous metal Pd80Si20 is induced by 4.64 MeV O2+ ion irradiation, allowing the complete closing of a sub-micrometer gap. We measure the evolving gap size in situ by monitoring the field emission current-voltage (I-V) characteristics between electrodes. The I-V behavior is consistent with Fowler-Nordheim tunneling. We show that using feedback control on this signal permits gap size fabrication with atomic-scale precision. We expect this approach to nanogap fabrication will enable the practical realization of single molecule controlled devices and sensors. PMID:22550357

  1. 40 CFR 71.25 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Permit content. 71.25 Section 71.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS Permits for Early Reductions Sources § 71.25 Permit content. (a) Standard...

  2. 40 CFR 71.25 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Permit content. 71.25 Section 71.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS Permits for Early Reductions Sources § 71.25 Permit content. (a) Standard...

  3. 40 CFR 71.25 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit content. 71.25 Section 71.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS Permits for Early Reductions Sources § 71.25 Permit content. (a) Standard...

  4. 40 CFR 233.22 - Emergency permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency permits. 233.22 Section 233... PROGRAM REGULATIONS Permit Requirements § 233.22 Emergency permits. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, the Director may issue a temporary emergency permit for a discharge of dredged...

  5. 40 CFR 144.34 - Emergency permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency permits. 144.34 Section 144...) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.34 Emergency permits. (a) Coverage... unless a temporary emergency permit is granted; or (2) A substantial and irretrievable loss of oil or...

  6. 40 CFR 147.2906 - Emergency permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency permits. 147.2906 Section...-Class II Wells § 147.2906 Emergency permits. (a) An emergency permit may be issued if: (1) There will be an imminent health hazard unless an emergency permit is issued; or (2) There will be a...

  7. 50 CFR 622.90 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Red Drum Fishery of the Gulf of Mexico § 622.90 Permits. (a) Dealer permits and conditions—(1) Permits. For a dealer to first receive Gulf red drum harvested in or from the EEZ, a Gulf and South Atlantic dealer permit must be......

  8. 40 CFR 71.25 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permit content. 71.25 Section 71.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS Permits for Early Reductions Sources § 71.25 Permit content. (a) Standard...

  9. 50 CFR 13.27 - Permit suspension.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Permit suspension. 13.27 Section 13.27... GENERAL PERMIT PROCEDURES Permit Administration § 13.27 Permit suspension. (a) Criteria for suspension... Government. Such suspension shall remain in effect until the issuing officer determines that the...

  10. 50 CFR 13.27 - Permit suspension.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Permit suspension. 13.27 Section 13.27... GENERAL PERMIT PROCEDURES Permit Administration § 13.27 Permit suspension. (a) Criteria for suspension... Government. Such suspension shall remain in effect until the issuing officer determines that the...

  11. 21 CFR 1210.21 - Permit number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Permit number. 1210.21 Section 1210.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... IMPORT MILK ACT Permit Control § 1210.21 Permit number. Each permit issued under the Federal Import...

  12. 21 CFR 1210.21 - Permit number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Permit number. 1210.21 Section 1210.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... IMPORT MILK ACT Permit Control § 1210.21 Permit number. Each permit issued under the Federal Import...

  13. 21 CFR 1210.21 - Permit number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Permit number. 1210.21 Section 1210.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... IMPORT MILK ACT Permit Control § 1210.21 Permit number. Each permit issued under the Federal Import...

  14. 21 CFR 1210.21 - Permit number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Permit number. 1210.21 Section 1210.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... IMPORT MILK ACT Permit Control § 1210.21 Permit number. Each permit issued under the Federal Import...

  15. 21 CFR 1210.21 - Permit number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Permit number. 1210.21 Section 1210.21 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... IMPORT MILK ACT Permit Control § 1210.21 Permit number. Each permit issued under the Federal Import...

  16. 40 CFR 71.25 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Permit content. 71.25 Section 71.25 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPERATING PERMIT PROGRAMS Permits for Early Reductions Sources § 71.25 Permit content. (a) Standard...

  17. Algorithm That Synthesizes Other Algorithms for Hashing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    James, Mark

    2010-01-01

    An algorithm that includes a collection of several subalgorithms has been devised as a means of synthesizing still other algorithms (which could include computer code) that utilize hashing to determine whether an element (typically, a number or other datum) is a member of a set (typically, a list of numbers). Each subalgorithm synthesizes an algorithm (e.g., a block of code) that maps a static set of key hashes to a somewhat linear monotonically increasing sequence of integers. The goal in formulating this mapping is to cause the length of the sequence thus generated to be as close as practicable to the original length of the set and thus to minimize gaps between the elements. The advantage of the approach embodied in this algorithm is that it completely avoids the traditional approach of hash-key look-ups that involve either secondary hash generation and look-up or further searching of a hash table for a desired key in the event of collisions. This algorithm guarantees that it will never be necessary to perform a search or to generate a secondary key in order to determine whether an element is a member of a set. This algorithm further guarantees that any algorithm that it synthesizes can be executed in constant time. To enforce these guarantees, the subalgorithms are formulated to employ a set of techniques, each of which works very effectively covering a certain class of hash-key values. These subalgorithms are of two types, summarized as follows: Given a list of numbers, try to find one or more solutions in which, if each number is shifted to the right by a constant number of bits and then masked with a rotating mask that isolates a set of bits, a unique number is thereby generated. In a variant of the foregoing procedure, omit the masking. Try various combinations of shifting, masking, and/or offsets until the solutions are found. From the set of solutions, select the one that provides the greatest compression for the representation and is executable in the

  18. Mind the Gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staedter, Tracy

    2007-03-01

    A new finding gets scientists one step closer to understanding what causes the gap in the Van Allen radiation belts. The discovery could help better predict fluxes of energetic particles that have the potential for damaging spacecraft and satellites and harming astronauts. An improved understanding could also give space physicists better insight into the radiation belts of other planets, including Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, all of which have strong magnetic fields.

  19. Air-gap heterostructures

    SciTech Connect

    Heyn, Ch.; Schmidt, M.; Schwaiger, S.; Stemmann, A.; Mendach, S.; Hansen, W.

    2011-01-17

    We demonstrate the fabrication of thin GaAs layers which quasi hover above the underlying GaAs substrate. The hovering layers have a perfect epitaxial relationship to the substrate crystal lattice and are connected to the substrate surface only by lattice matched nanopillars of low density. These air-gap heterostructures are created by combining in situ molecular beam epitaxy compatible self-assembled droplet-etching and ex situ selective wet-chemical etching.

  20. Minding the Gap

    SciTech Connect

    Firestone, Millicent Anne

    2015-02-23

    Neutron & X-ray scattering provides nano- to meso-scale details of complex fluid structure; 1D electronic density maps dervied from SAXS yield molecular level insights; Neutron reflectivity provides substructure details of substrate supported complex fluids; Complex fluids composition can be optimized to support a wide variety of both soluble and membrane proteins; The water gap dimensions can be finely tuned through polymer component.

  1. Gender gaps within management.

    PubMed

    Ronk, L L

    1993-05-01

    Traditional roles need not become self-fulfilling prophecies if managers can bridge the gender gap. Feminine, as well as masculine, characteristics can be incorporated into managerial styles to enhance effective leadership. Autonomy, decision-making and assertiveness are as important as nurturing and caring. What are little girls made of? Little girls are made of sugar and spice and everything nice. What are little boys made of? Little boys are made of rats and snails and puppy dog tails.

  2. Case history review--demilitarization combustion permits.

    PubMed

    Gaborek, B J

    2000-02-01

    In May 1993, Administrative Browner of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) announced that an indirect exposure health risk assessment was required for all hazardous waste combustion facilities seeking a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act permit. These types of risk assessments evaluate the health and environmental effects from inhalation of emissions (direct exposure) and from contact with environmental media and consumption of food products impacted by the emissions (indirect exposure). Completion of an indirect exposure risk assessment is often complicated by the various methodologies available for generating results and by the requirements of the regulating community. To minimize this complexity and to maximize consistency between risk assessments, the USEPA developed a number of detailed guidance documents. Site-specific conditions and toxicological data gaps, however, continue to present challenges not addressed by these guidance documents. This paper presents some of the specific challenges encountered by the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine when performing indirect exposure health risk assessments for several demilitarization combustion facilities.

  3. GapBlaster-A Graphical Gap Filler for Prokaryote Genomes.

    PubMed

    de Sá, Pablo H C G; Miranda, Fábio; Veras, Adonney; de Melo, Diego Magalhães; Soares, Siomar; Pinheiro, Kenny; Guimarães, Luis; Azevedo, Vasco; Silva, Artur; Ramos, Rommel T J

    2016-01-01

    The advent of NGS (Next Generation Sequencing) technologies has resulted in an exponential increase in the number of complete genomes available in biological databases. This advance has allowed the development of several computational tools enabling analyses of large amounts of data in each of the various steps, from processing and quality filtering to gap filling and manual curation. The tools developed for gap closure are very useful as they result in more complete genomes, which will influence downstream analyses of genomic plasticity and comparative genomics. However, the gap filling step remains a challenge for genome assembly, often requiring manual intervention. Here, we present GapBlaster, a graphical application to evaluate and close gaps. GapBlaster was developed via Java programming language. The software uses contigs obtained in the assembly of the genome to perform an alignment against a draft of the genome/scaffold, using BLAST or Mummer to close gaps. Then, all identified alignments of contigs that extend through the gaps in the draft sequence are presented to the user for further evaluation via the GapBlaster graphical interface. GapBlaster presents significant results compared to other similar software and has the advantage of offering a graphical interface for manual curation of the gaps. GapBlaster program, the user guide and the test datasets are freely available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/gapblaster2015/. It requires Sun JDK 8 and Blast or Mummer.

  4. GapBlaster-A Graphical Gap Filler for Prokaryote Genomes.

    PubMed

    de Sá, Pablo H C G; Miranda, Fábio; Veras, Adonney; de Melo, Diego Magalhães; Soares, Siomar; Pinheiro, Kenny; Guimarães, Luis; Azevedo, Vasco; Silva, Artur; Ramos, Rommel T J

    2016-01-01

    The advent of NGS (Next Generation Sequencing) technologies has resulted in an exponential increase in the number of complete genomes available in biological databases. This advance has allowed the development of several computational tools enabling analyses of large amounts of data in each of the various steps, from processing and quality filtering to gap filling and manual curation. The tools developed for gap closure are very useful as they result in more complete genomes, which will influence downstream analyses of genomic plasticity and comparative genomics. However, the gap filling step remains a challenge for genome assembly, often requiring manual intervention. Here, we present GapBlaster, a graphical application to evaluate and close gaps. GapBlaster was developed via Java programming language. The software uses contigs obtained in the assembly of the genome to perform an alignment against a draft of the genome/scaffold, using BLAST or Mummer to close gaps. Then, all identified alignments of contigs that extend through the gaps in the draft sequence are presented to the user for further evaluation via the GapBlaster graphical interface. GapBlaster presents significant results compared to other similar software and has the advantage of offering a graphical interface for manual curation of the gaps. GapBlaster program, the user guide and the test datasets are freely available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/gapblaster2015/. It requires Sun JDK 8 and Blast or Mummer. PMID:27171416

  5. 27 CFR 71.48 - Operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... industrial use permits. 71.48 Section 71.48 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.48 Operating permits and industrial use permits. Whenever... industrial use permit: (a) Has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 51...

  6. 27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... permits and industrial use permits. 71.49a Section 71.49a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... and industrial use permits. If, on examination of an application for an operating permit or an industrial use permit, the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe: (a) In case of an application...

  7. 27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... permits and industrial use permits. 71.49a Section 71.49a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... and industrial use permits. If, on examination of an application for an operating permit or an industrial use permit, the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe: (a) In case of an application...

  8. 27 CFR 71.48 - Operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... industrial use permits. 71.48 Section 71.48 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.48 Operating permits and industrial use permits. Whenever... industrial use permit: (a) Has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 51...

  9. 27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... permits and industrial use permits. 71.49a Section 71.49a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... and industrial use permits. If, on examination of an application for an operating permit or an industrial use permit, the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe: (a) In case of an application...

  10. 27 CFR 71.48 - Operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... industrial use permits. 71.48 Section 71.48 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.48 Operating permits and industrial use permits. Whenever... industrial use permit: (a) Has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 51...

  11. 27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... permits and industrial use permits. 71.49a Section 71.49a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... and industrial use permits. If, on examination of an application for an operating permit or an industrial use permit, the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe: (a) In case of an application...

  12. 27 CFR 71.49a - Applications for operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... permits and industrial use permits. 71.49a Section 71.49a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... and industrial use permits. If, on examination of an application for an operating permit or an industrial use permit, the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe: (a) In case of an application...

  13. 27 CFR 71.48 - Operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... industrial use permits. 71.48 Section 71.48 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.48 Operating permits and industrial use permits. Whenever... industrial use permit: (a) Has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 51...

  14. 27 CFR 71.48 - Operating permits and industrial use permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... industrial use permits. 71.48 Section 71.48 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Grounds for Citation § 71.48 Operating permits and industrial use permits. Whenever... industrial use permit: (a) Has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 51...

  15. Facing Title V permit constraints

    SciTech Connect

    Patankar, U.M.

    1995-06-01

    The new Title V operating permit requirement under state regulations pursuant to the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments will cover every emission source at a facility. These rules will significantly affect an operation by setting minimum compliance requirements, mandating periodic compliance certification, prescribing complex monitoring, record keeping and reporting procedures and making state and EPA approval of routine operational changes necessary through a permit amendment. The main concern with Title V is its effect on the operational flexibility of a facility, and individual emission sources within that facility. Unless properly addressed in a permit document, the term operational flexibility, so freely used by regulators in the context of the Title V program, can turn into a misnomer and the ability to operate as before may be significantly compromised under Title V. True operational flexibility is essential for businesses to respond to real changes in the marketplace. In the age of automation, just-in-time inventories and increased competition, flexibility to operate can mean the difference between growth and stagnation.

  16. Authentication codes that permit arbitration

    SciTech Connect

    Simmons, G.J.

    1987-01-01

    Objective of authentication is to detect attempted deceptions in a communications channel. Traditionally this has been restricted to providing the authorized receiver with a capability of detecting unauthentic messages. The known codes have all left open the possibility for either the transmitter to disavow a message that he actually sent to the receiver, i.e., an authentic message, or else for the receiver to falsely attribute a message of his own devising to the transmitter. Of course the party being deceived would know that he was the victim of a deception by the other, but would be unable to ''prove'' this to a third party. Ideally, authentication should provide a means to detect attempted deceptions by insiders (the transmitter or receiver) as well as outsiders (the opponent). It has been an open question of whether it was possible to devise authentication codes that would permit a third party, an arbiter, to decide (in probability) whether the transmitter or the receiver was cheating in the event of a dispute. We answer this question in that both permits the receiver to detect outsider deceptions, as well affirmative by first constructing an example of an authentication code as permitting a designated arbiter to detect insider deceptions and then by generalizing this construction to an infinite class of such codes.

  17. A synthesized heuristic task scheduling algorithm.

    PubMed

    Dai, Yanyan; Zhang, Xiangli

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the static task scheduling problems in heterogeneous environment, a heuristic task scheduling algorithm named HCPPEFT is proposed. In task prioritizing phase, there are three levels of priority in the algorithm to choose task. First, the critical tasks have the highest priority, secondly the tasks with longer path to exit task will be selected, and then algorithm will choose tasks with less predecessors to schedule. In resource selection phase, the algorithm is selected task duplication to reduce the interresource communication cost, besides forecasting the impact of an assignment for all children of the current task permits better decisions to be made in selecting resources. The algorithm proposed is compared with STDH, PEFT, and HEFT algorithms through randomly generated graphs and sets of task graphs. The experimental results show that the new algorithm can achieve better scheduling performance.

  18. SOUTHWEST REGIONAL GAP LAND COVER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Gap Analysis Program is a national inter-agency program that maps the distribution

    of plant communities and selected animal species and compares these distributions with land

    stewardship to identify gaps in biodiversity protection. GAP uses remote satellite imag...

  19. Skills Gaps in Australian Firms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindorff, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a survey of more than 2000 managers examining perceptions of skills gaps in a range of Australian firms. It finds that three quarters report a skills gap, and almost one third report skills gaps across the whole organisation. Firm size and industry differences exist in perceptions of the effect of the skills gap…

  20. Bridging Gaps Between Refractory Tiles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haney, J. W. J.

    1982-01-01

    Excessively large gaps between tiles on Space Shuttle eliminated without time-consuming and costly procedure of removing and replacing tiles. Ceramic tile silver is bonded in gap. Bonded silver prevents airframe under gap from getting too hot during reentry and presents aerodynamically smooth exterior surface.

  1. Recent Title V operating permit program revisions

    SciTech Connect

    Nicewander, M.

    1995-12-31

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss recent EPA proposed regulations regarding required procedures to be incorporated into the state operating permit programs to accommodate permit revisions. The development and implementation of an operating permits program must balance air pollution control requirements with the ability of a source to meet changing market demands. This has been the major item of concern during the operating permits program development. Before discussing the specific procedures for revising operating permits, it is necessary to include some generic background information for familiarization with the operating permits program.

  2. Mind the gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhagwat, M. S.; Krassnigg, A.; Maris, P.; Roberts, C. D.

    2007-03-01

    In this summary of the application of Dyson-Schwinger equations to the theory and phenomenology of hadrons, some deductions following from a nonperturbative, symmetry-preserving truncation are highlighted, notable amongst which are results for pseudoscalar mesons. We also describe inferences from the gap equation relating to the radius of convergence of a chiral expansion, applications to heavy-light and heavy-heavy mesons, and quantitative estimates of the contribution of quark orbital angular momentum in pseudoscalar mesons; and recapitulate upon studies of nucleon electromagnetic form factors.

  3. Photonic band gap materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cassagne, D.

    Photonic band gap materials Photonic band gap materials are periodic dielectric structures that control the propagation of electromagnetic waves. We describe the plane wave method, which allows to calculate the band structures of photonic crystals. By symmetry analysis and a perturbative approach, we predict the appearance of the low energy photonic band gaps of hexagonal structures. We propose new two-dimensional structures called graphite and boron nitride. Using a transfer matrix method, we calculate the transmission of the graphite structure and we show the crucial role of the coupling with external modes. We study the appearance of allowed modes in the photonic band gap by the introduction of localized defects in the periodicity. Finally, we discuss the properties of opals formed by self-organized silica microspheres, which are very promising for the fabrication of three-dimensional photonic crystals. Les matériaux à bandes interdites photoniques sont des structures diélectriques périodiques qui contrôlent la propagation des ondes électromagnétiques. Nous décrivons la méthode des ondes planes qui permet de calculer les structures de bandes des cristaux photoniques. Par une analyse de la symétrie et une approche perturbative, nous précisons les conditions d'existence des bandes interdites de basse énergie. Nous proposons de nouvelles structures bidimensionnelles appelées graphite et nitrure de bore. Grâce à une méthode de matrices de transfert, nous calculons la transmission de la structure graphite et nous mettons en évidence le rôle fondamental du couplage avec les modes extérieurs. Nous étudions l'apparition de modes permis dans la bande interdite grâce à l'introduction de défauts dans la périodicité. Enfin, nous discutons les propriétés des opales constituées de micro-billes de silice auto-organisées, qui sont très prometteuses pour la fabrication de cristaux photoniques tridimensionnels.

  4. 40 CFR 49.155 - Permit requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... digital records for continuous monitoring instrumentation and copies of all reports required by the permit... inspection by use of written, electronic, magnetic and photographic media. (b) Can my permit become...

  5. 45 CFR 670.13 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC ANIMALS AND PLANTS Permits § 670.13 Permit administration. (a) Issuance of the... U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) or any native bird which is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16...

  6. 30 CFR 773.17 - Permit conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the maps submitted with the application and authorized for the term of the permit and that are subject... of this chapter for coal produced under the permit for sale, transfer or use, in the manner...

  7. 30 CFR 773.17 - Permit conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the maps submitted with the application and authorized for the term of the permit and that are subject... of this chapter for coal produced under the permit for sale, transfer or use, in the manner...

  8. 40 CFR 147.2927 - Permit modification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... control (see § 147.2926, Permit Transfers); or (iv) Changing quantities or types of injected fluids, provided: (A) The facility can operate within conditions of permit; (B) The facility classification...

  9. 50 CFR 665.462 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC Mariana Archipelago Fisheries § 665.462... in any Mariana Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13....

  10. 50 CFR 665.462 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC Mariana Archipelago Fisheries § 665.462... in any Mariana Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13....

  11. 50 CFR 665.462 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC Mariana Archipelago Fisheries § 665.462... in any Mariana Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13....

  12. 50 CFR 665.462 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC Mariana Archipelago Fisheries § 665.462... in any Mariana Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13....

  13. 50 CFR 665.462 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC Mariana Archipelago Fisheries § 665.462... in any Mariana Archipelago precious coral permit area must have a permit issued under § 665.13....

  14. 78 FR 18420 - Special Permit Applications Actions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Special Permit Applications Actions AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of actions on special... processing of, special permits from the Department of Transportation's Hazardous Material Regulations (49...

  15. Gapped domain walls, gapped boundaries, and topological degeneracy.

    PubMed

    Lan, Tian; Wang, Juven C; Wen, Xiao-Gang

    2015-02-20

    Gapped domain walls, as topological line defects between (2+1)D topologically ordered states, are examined. We provide simple criteria to determine the existence of gapped domain walls, which apply to both Abelian and non-Abelian topological orders. Our criteria also determine which (2+1)D topological orders must have gapless edge modes, namely, which (1+1)D global gravitational anomalies ensure gaplessness. Furthermore, we introduce a new mathematical object, the tunneling matrix W, whose entries are the fusion-space dimensions W(ia), to label different types of gapped domain walls. By studying many examples, we find evidence that the tunneling matrices are powerful quantities to classify different types of gapped domain walls. Since a gapped boundary is a gapped domain wall between a bulk topological order and the vacuum, regarded as the trivial topological order, our theory of gapped domain walls inclusively contains the theory of gapped boundaries. In addition, we derive a topological ground state degeneracy formula, applied to arbitrary orientable spatial 2-manifolds with gapped domain walls, including closed 2-manifolds and open 2-manifolds with gapped boundaries.

  16. 36 CFR 13.188 - Permit terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit terms. 13.188 Section....188 Permit terms. The Superintendent shall allow for use and occupancy of a temporary facility only to... Superintendent may also establish permit terms that: (a) Limit use to a specified period, not to exceed...

  17. 36 CFR 13.164 - Permit terms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit terms. 13.164 Section... PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins Cabin Use for Subsistence Purposes § 13.164 Permit terms. The Superintendent shall, among other conditions, establish terms of a permit that: (a) Allow for use and...

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-6 Permits. That the applicant has, or has applied for, the permit or permits as required by the national pollutant discharge elimination system (NPDES) with respect to existing discharges affected by the proposed project....

  19. 50 CFR 665.203 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... required to obtain an MHI non-commercial bottomfish permit or a State of Hawaii Commercial Marine License...) Except as provided in subpart A of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or a permit holder...

  20. 40 CFR 147.2924 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Area permits. 147.2924 Section 147... II Wells § 147.2924 Area permits. (a) Area permits may be issued for more than one injection well if... are of similar construction; and (4) All wells are operated by the same owner/operator. (b)...

  1. 40 CFR 147.2924 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Area permits. 147.2924 Section 147... II Wells § 147.2924 Area permits. (a) Area permits may be issued for more than one injection well if... are of similar construction; and (4) All wells are operated by the same owner/operator. (b)...

  2. 40 CFR 147.2924 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area permits. 147.2924 Section 147... II Wells § 147.2924 Area permits. (a) Area permits may be issued for more than one injection well if... are of similar construction; and (4) All wells are operated by the same owner/operator. (b)...

  3. 40 CFR 147.2924 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Area permits. 147.2924 Section 147... II Wells § 147.2924 Area permits. (a) Area permits may be issued for more than one injection well if... are of similar construction; and (4) All wells are operated by the same owner/operator. (b)...

  4. 50 CFR 648.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., that, if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator cannot be aboard... 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit within 30 days of...). (h) Duration. A permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended or modified under 15 CFR part 904,...

  5. 50 CFR 648.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., that, if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator cannot be aboard... 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit within 30 days of...). (h) Duration. A permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended or modified under 15 CFR part 904,...

  6. 50 CFR 648.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., that, if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator cannot be aboard... 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit within 30 days of...). (h) Duration. A permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended or modified under 15 CFR part 904,...

  7. 50 CFR 648.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., that, if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator cannot be aboard... 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit within 30 days of...). (h) Duration. A permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended or modified under 15 CFR part 904,...

  8. 50 CFR 648.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., that, if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator cannot be aboard... 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit within 30 days of...). (h) Duration. A permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended or modified under 15 CFR part 904,...

  9. 30 CFR 815.2 - Permitting information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permitting information. 815.2 Section 815.2... Permitting information. Notwithstanding cross-references in other parts which may be otherwise construed, part 772 establishes the notice and permit information requirements for coal exploration....

  10. 30 CFR 815.2 - Permitting information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Permitting information. 815.2 Section 815.2... Permitting information. Notwithstanding cross-references in other parts which may be otherwise construed, part 772 establishes the notice and permit information requirements for coal exploration....

  11. 27 CFR 71.45 - Basic permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Basic permits. 71.45... for Citation § 71.45 Basic permits. Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has willfully violated any of the conditions of his basic permit, or has not in fact or...

  12. 27 CFR 71.45 - Basic permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Basic permits. 71.45... for Citation § 71.45 Basic permits. Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has willfully violated any of the conditions of his basic permit, or has not in fact or...

  13. 27 CFR 71.45 - Basic permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Basic permits. 71.45... for Citation § 71.45 Basic permits. Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has willfully violated any of the conditions of his basic permit, or has not in fact or...

  14. 27 CFR 71.45 - Basic permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Basic permits. 71.45... for Citation § 71.45 Basic permits. Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has willfully violated any of the conditions of his basic permit, or has not in fact or...

  15. 27 CFR 71.45 - Basic permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Basic permits. 71.45... for Citation § 71.45 Basic permits. Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has willfully violated any of the conditions of his basic permit, or has not in fact or...

  16. 25 CFR 141.12 - Peddler's permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Peddler's permits. 141.12 Section 141.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO... boundaries of the Hopi, Navajo, or Zuni reservations without a peddler's permit. The permit shall state...

  17. 25 CFR 141.12 - Peddler's permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Peddler's permits. 141.12 Section 141.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO... boundaries of the Hopi, Navajo, or Zuni reservations without a peddler's permit. The permit shall state...

  18. 25 CFR 141.12 - Peddler's permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Peddler's permits. 141.12 Section 141.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO... boundaries of the Hopi, Navajo, or Zuni reservations without a peddler's permit. The permit shall state...

  19. 25 CFR 141.12 - Peddler's permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Peddler's permits. 141.12 Section 141.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO, HOPI... boundaries of the Hopi, Navajo, or Zuni reservations without a peddler's permit. The permit shall state...

  20. 40 CFR 72.51 - Permit shield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Contents § 72.51 Permit shield. Each affected unit operated in accordance with the Acid Rain permit that governs the unit and that was issued in compliance with title IV of the Act... operating in compliance with the Acid Rain Program, except as provided in § 72.9(g)(6)....

  1. 40 CFR 72.51 - Permit shield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Contents § 72.51 Permit shield. Each affected unit operated in accordance with the Acid Rain permit that governs the unit and that was issued in compliance with title IV of the Act... operating in compliance with the Acid Rain Program, except as provided in § 72.9(g)(6)....

  2. 40 CFR 72.51 - Permit shield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Contents § 72.51 Permit shield. Each affected unit operated in accordance with the Acid Rain permit that governs the unit and that was issued in compliance with title IV of the Act... operating in compliance with the Acid Rain Program, except as provided in § 72.9(g)(6)....

  3. 40 CFR 72.51 - Permit shield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Contents § 72.51 Permit shield. Each affected unit operated in accordance with the Acid Rain permit that governs the unit and that was issued in compliance with title IV of the Act... operating in compliance with the Acid Rain Program, except as provided in § 72.9(g)(6)....

  4. 40 CFR 72.51 - Permit shield.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Contents § 72.51 Permit shield. Each affected unit operated in accordance with the Acid Rain permit that governs the unit and that was issued in compliance with title IV of the Act... operating in compliance with the Acid Rain Program, except as provided in § 72.9(g)(6)....

  5. 50 CFR 679.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... programs codified at 50 CFR parts 300 and 679. These permits are listed in the following table. The date of... program permit or card type is: Permit is in effect from issue date through the end of: For more... subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. Such procedures are required for enforcement purposes, not...

  6. 40 CFR 172.5 - The permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Federal Issuance of Experimental Use Permits § 172.5 The permit. (a) Issuance. The Experimental... health and the environment. (d) Additions. With respect to an experimental use pesticide containing...

  7. 40 CFR 172.5 - The permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Federal Issuance of Experimental Use Permits § 172.5 The permit. (a) Issuance. The Experimental... health and the environment. (d) Additions. With respect to an experimental use pesticide containing...

  8. 40 CFR 172.5 - The permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Federal Issuance of Experimental Use Permits § 172.5 The permit. (a) Issuance. The Experimental... health and the environment. (d) Additions. With respect to an experimental use pesticide containing...

  9. 40 CFR 172.5 - The permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Federal Issuance of Experimental Use Permits § 172.5 The permit. (a) Issuance. The Experimental... health and the environment. (d) Additions. With respect to an experimental use pesticide containing...

  10. 40 CFR 172.5 - The permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS EXPERIMENTAL USE PERMITS Federal Issuance of Experimental Use Permits § 172.5 The permit. (a) Issuance. The Experimental... health and the environment. (d) Additions. With respect to an experimental use pesticide containing...

  11. 50 CFR 697.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of this permit, that if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit... is revoked, suspended, or modified under subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise expires, or...

  12. 50 CFR 697.6 - Dealer permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... enforcement-related permit sanctions and denials, found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. (n) Lobster dealer... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator will issue a permit at any time during... permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended, or modified under 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise...

  13. 50 CFR 697.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of this permit, that if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit... is revoked, suspended, or modified under subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise expires, or...

  14. 50 CFR 697.6 - Dealer permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... enforcement-related permit sanctions and denials, found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. (n) Lobster dealer... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator will issue a permit at any time during... permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended, or modified under 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise...

  15. 50 CFR 697.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of this permit, that if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit... is revoked, suspended, or modified under subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise expires, or...

  16. 50 CFR 697.6 - Dealer permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... enforcement-related permit sanctions and denials, found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. (n) Lobster dealer... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator will issue a permit at any time during... permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended, or modified under 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise...

  17. 50 CFR 697.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... of this permit, that if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit... is revoked, suspended, or modified under subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise expires, or...

  18. 50 CFR 697.6 - Dealer permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... enforcement-related permit sanctions and denials, found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. (n) Lobster dealer... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator will issue a permit at any time during... permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended, or modified under 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise...

  19. 50 CFR 697.6 - Dealer permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... enforcement-related permit sanctions and denials, found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. (n) Lobster dealer... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator will issue a permit at any time during... permit is valid until it is revoked, suspended, or modified under 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise...

  20. 50 CFR 697.5 - Operator permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of this permit, that if the permit is suspended or revoked pursuant to 15 CFR part 904, the operator... provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, the Regional Administrator shall issue an operator's permit... is revoked, suspended, or modified under subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, or otherwise expires, or...

  1. 50 CFR 622.270 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Dolphin and Wahoo... while the vessel is at sea or offloading. (4) An owner of a vessel that is required to have a permitted... CFR part 904 is not aboard that vessel. (d) Dealer permits and conditions—(1) Permits. For a dealer...

  2. 50 CFR 660.707 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Permits. (a) General. This section applies to vessels that fish for HMS off or land HMS in the States of... must be registered for use under a HMS permit if that vessel is used: (i) To fish for HMS in the U.S... Tropical Tuna Commission. (2) All permits issued by NMFS in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of...

  3. 32 CFR 935.11 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CODE Civil Administration Authority § 935.11 Permits. (a) Permits in effect on the dates specified in § 935.4 continue in effect until revoked or rescinded by the Commander. Permits issued by the Commander... consumption. (2) Self-propelled motor vehicles, except aircraft, including attached trailers. (3)...

  4. 33 CFR 126.21 - Permitted transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permitted transactions. 126.21 Section 126.21 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING OF DANGEROUS CARGO AT WATERFRONT FACILITIES § 126.21 Permitted transactions. All permits issued pursuant to §...

  5. 33 CFR 126.21 - Permitted transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permitted transactions. 126.21 Section 126.21 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING OF DANGEROUS CARGO AT WATERFRONT FACILITIES § 126.21 Permitted transactions. All permits issued pursuant to §...

  6. 25 CFR 173.7 - Permits, transferable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Permits, transferable. 173.7 Section 173.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.7 Permits, transferable....

  7. 25 CFR 173.7 - Permits, transferable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Permits, transferable. 173.7 Section 173.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.7 Permits, transferable....

  8. 25 CFR 173.7 - Permits, transferable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Permits, transferable. 173.7 Section 173.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.7 Permits, transferable....

  9. 25 CFR 173.7 - Permits, transferable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Permits, transferable. 173.7 Section 173.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.7 Permits, transferable....

  10. 25 CFR 173.7 - Permits, transferable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Permits, transferable. 173.7 Section 173.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER CONCESSIONS, PERMITS AND LEASES ON LANDS WITHDRAWN OR ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH INDIAN IRRIGATION PROJECTS § 173.7 Permits, transferable....

  11. 40 CFR 70.6 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... increases in emissions that are authorized by allowances acquired pursuant to the acid rain program... and air pollution control equipment), practices, or operations regulated or required under the permit... the general permit. General permits shall not be authorized for affected sources under the acid...

  12. 40 CFR 70.6 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... increases in emissions that are authorized by allowances acquired pursuant to the acid rain program... and air pollution control equipment), practices, or operations regulated or required under the permit... the general permit. General permits shall not be authorized for affected sources under the acid...

  13. 40 CFR 70.6 - Permit content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... increases in emissions that are authorized by allowances acquired pursuant to the acid rain program... and air pollution control equipment), practices, or operations regulated or required under the permit... the general permit. General permits shall not be authorized for affected sources under the acid...

  14. 36 CFR 13.186 - Permit issuance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permit issuance. 13.186 Section 13.186 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... § 13.186 Permit issuance. (a) In making a decision on a permit application, the Superintendent...

  15. 30 CFR 774.13 - Permit revisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit revisions. 774.13 Section 774.13 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SURFACE COAL...; RENEWAL; TRANSFER, ASSIGNMENT, OR SALE OF PERMIT RIGHTS; POST-PERMIT ISSUANCE REQUIREMENTS; AND...

  16. 30 CFR 774.15 - Permit renewals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit renewals. 774.15 Section 774.15 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SURFACE COAL...; RENEWAL; TRANSFER, ASSIGNMENT, OR SALE OF PERMIT RIGHTS; POST-PERMIT ISSUANCE REQUIREMENTS; AND...

  17. Intelligent perturbation algorithms to space scheduling optimization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurtzman, Clifford R.

    1991-01-01

    The limited availability and high cost of crew time and scarce resources make optimization of space operations critical. Advances in computer technology coupled with new iterative search techniques permit the near optimization of complex scheduling problems that were previously considered computationally intractable. Described here is a class of search techniques called Intelligent Perturbation Algorithms. Several scheduling systems which use these algorithms to optimize the scheduling of space crew, payload, and resource operations are also discussed.

  18. Local Structural Alignment of RNA with Affine Gap Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, Thomas K. F.; Cheung, Brenda W. Y.; Lam, T. W.; Yiu, S. M.

    Predicting new non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) of a family can be done by aligning the potential candidate with a member of the family with known sequence and secondary structure. Existing tools either only consider the sequence similarity or cannot handle local alignment with gaps. In this paper, we consider the problem of finding the optimal local structural alignment between a query RNA sequence (with known secondary structure) and a target sequence (with unknown secondary structure) with the affine gap penalty model. We provide the algorithm to solve the problem. Based on a preliminary experiment, we show that there are ncRNA families in which considering local structural alignment with gap penalty model can identify real hits more effectively than using global alignment or local alignment without gap penalty model.

  19. The Gap-Tpc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossi, B.; Anastasio, A.; Boiano, A.; Catalanotti, S.; Cocco, A. G.; Covone, G.; Di Meo, P.; Longo, G.; Vanzanella, A.; Walker, S.; Wang, H.; Wang, Y.; Fiorillo, G.

    2016-02-01

    Several experiments have been conducted worldwide, with the goal of observing low-energy nuclear recoils induced by WIMPs scattering off target nuclei in ultra-sensitive, low-background detectors. In the last few decades noble liquid detectors designed to search for dark matter in the form of WIMPs have been extremely successful in improving their sensitivities and setting the best limits. One of the crucial problems to be faced for the development of large size (multi ton-scale) liquid argon experiments is the lack of reliable and low background cryogenic PMTs: their intrinsic radioactivity, cost, and borderline performance at 87 K rule them out as a possible candidate for photosensors. We propose a brand new concept of liquid argon-based detector for direct dark matter search: the Geiger-mode Avalanche Photodiode Time Projection Chamber (GAP-TPC) optimized in terms of residual radioactivity of the photosensors, energy and spatial resolution, light and charge collection efficiency.

  20. 33 CFR Appendix A to Part 331 - Administrative Appeal Process for Permit Denials and Proffered Permits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Permit Denials and Proffered Permits A Appendix A to Part 331 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADMINISTRATIVE APPEAL PROCESS Pt. 331, App. A Appendix A to Part 331—Administrative Appeal Process for Permit Denials and Proffered Permits ER28MR00.000...

  1. 40 CFR 72.32 - Permit application shield and binding effect of permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.32... submits a timely and complete Acid Rain permit application, the owners and operators of the affected... requirement to have an Acid Rain permit under § 72.9(a)(2) and § 72.30(a); provided that any delay in...

  2. 40 CFR 72.32 - Permit application shield and binding effect of permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.32... submits a timely and complete Acid Rain permit application, the owners and operators of the affected... requirement to have an Acid Rain permit under § 72.9(a)(2) and § 72.30(a); provided that any delay in...

  3. 40 CFR 72.32 - Permit application shield and binding effect of permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.32... submits a timely and complete Acid Rain permit application, the owners and operators of the affected... requirement to have an Acid Rain permit under § 72.9(a)(2) and § 72.30(a); provided that any delay in...

  4. 40 CFR 72.32 - Permit application shield and binding effect of permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.32... submits a timely and complete Acid Rain permit application, the owners and operators of the affected... requirement to have an Acid Rain permit under § 72.9(a)(2) and § 72.30(a); provided that any delay in...

  5. 40 CFR 72.32 - Permit application shield and binding effect of permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Permit Applications § 72.32... submits a timely and complete Acid Rain permit application, the owners and operators of the affected... requirement to have an Acid Rain permit under § 72.9(a)(2) and § 72.30(a); provided that any delay in...

  6. 76 FR 81932 - Auction of FM Broadcast Construction Permits; Revised Construction Permit Number in Auction 93

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... COMMISSION Auction of FM Broadcast Construction Permits; Revised Construction Permit Number in Auction 93... the construction permit number for one of the FM broadcast construction permits for Auction 93. FOR...'s Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) Web page at http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/ . ] 1....

  7. 50 CFR 13.25 - Transfer of permits and scope of permit authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transfer of permits and scope of permit authorization. 13.25 Section 13.25 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS GENERAL PERMIT PROCEDURES Permit Administration § 13.25 Transfer of...

  8. Federal Environmental Permitting Handbook. Environmental Guidance

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-05-01

    The handbook consists of eight chapters addressing permitting and licensing requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (CERCLA/SARA), the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Clean Water Act (CWA), the Federal Insectide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Each chapter consists of: (1) an introduction to the statute and permitting requirements; (2) a diagram illustrating the relationship between permitting requirements under the statute being discussed and permitting requirements from other environmental statutes which may have to be addressed when applying for a particular permit (e.g., when applying for a RCRA permit, permits and permit applications under the CWA, CAA, SDWA, etc. would have to be listed in the RCRA permit application); and, (3) a compilation of the permitting requirements for the regulatory program resulting from the statute. In addition, the Handbook contains a permitting keyword index and a listing of hotline telephone numbers for each of the statutes.

  9. Reducing concentrated animal feeding operations permitting requirements.

    PubMed

    Centner, T J; Newton, G L

    2011-12-01

    Many owners and operators of concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO) need to secure National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits from the federal or state permitting authority. Because of the expense and inconvenience of permit applications, farm groups have challenged revisions to the federal CAFO Rule as well as state regulations claiming selected provisions exceeded the authority of the permitting agency. In 2011, 2 courts responded with decisions that clarify federal and state permitting regulations. Another goal of agricultural groups is to change the regulatory authority of the state from an environmental agency to a department of agriculture. These developments suggest that by altering the permitting authority, CAFO owners and operators may alleviate some of the burdens of the permitting process. PMID:21821805

  10. Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report

    SciTech Connect

    HOMAN, N.A.

    2000-10-01

    The information contained in, and/or referenced in, this Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report addresses Permit Condition II.W (Other Permits and/or Approvals) of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit for the Treatment, Storage, and Disposal of Dangerous Waste, issued by the Washington State Department of Ecology (WA7890008967). Condition II.W specifies that the Permittees are responsible for obtaining all other applicable federal, state, and local permits authorizing the development and operation of the Hanford Facility. This status report also addresses Permit Condition I.E.22, as interpreted in Section 12.1.25 of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, General Information Portion (DOE/RL-91-28, Rev. 4), that states this report will be prepared annually and a copy of this report will be placed in the Facility Operating Record, General Information file by October 1 of each year.

  11. Effects of data gaps on Fourier Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negrea, Catalin; Munteanu, Costel; Echim, Marius

    2014-05-01

    Fourier Analysis is a vital and widely used tool in all branches of science that require advanced data processing. The method is often used via the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) implementation readily available in most programming languages. This is a valid approach for data sets with equally spaced data points and no gaps. Such conditions are not always met in real situations where corrections and adjustments to the method are needed. We investigate the intrinsic limitations of four such methods when data gaps are present: 1) linear interpolations and FFT, 2) a direct implementation of the Discrete Fourier Transform, 3) a Z-Transform and 4) the Lomb-Scargle algorithm. Theoretical analysis tools can provide an insight as to the likely problems of such methods and we discuss the likely modifications to the computed spectra. Also, a time series with no data gaps and a constant sampling frequency is altered by introducing several gap configurations and the resulting spectra with the four methods are compared to highlight changes with respect to the original spectrum. Effects on the amplitude and phase of the resulting power spectral densities are analyzed for non-uniformly sampled solar wind data provided by the Venus Express spacecraft. Phase effects are also studied in the context of a sliding window approach. Research supported by the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no 313038/STORM, and a grant of the Romanian Ministry of National Education, CNCS - UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-ID-PCE-2012-4-0418.

  12. Gap and stripline combined monitor

    DOEpatents

    Yin, Y.

    1986-08-19

    A combined gap and stripline monitor device for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchrotron radiation facility is disclosed. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions with an axial gap therebetween. An outer pipe cooperates with the first beam pipe portion to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips cooperate with the first beam pipe portion to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length. 4 figs.

  13. Axial gap rotating electrical machine

    DOEpatents

    None

    2016-02-23

    Direct drive rotating electrical machines with axial air gaps are disclosed. In these machines, a rotor ring and stator ring define an axial air gap between them. Sets of gap-maintaining rolling supports bear between the rotor ring and the stator ring at their peripheries to maintain the axial air gap. Also disclosed are wind turbines using these generators, and structures and methods for mounting direct drive rotating electrical generators to the hubs of wind turbines. In particular, the rotor ring of the generator may be carried directly by the hub of a wind turbine to rotate relative to a shaft without being mounted directly to the shaft.

  14. Gap and stripline combined monitor

    DOEpatents

    Yin, Y.

    1984-02-16

    A combined gap and stripline monitor device for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchrotron radiation facility. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions with an axial gap therebetween. An outer pipe cooperates with the first beam pipe portion to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips cooperate with the first beam pipe portion to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length.

  15. Gap and stripline combined monitor

    DOEpatents

    Yin, Yan

    1986-01-01

    A combined gap and stripline monitor device (10) for measuring the intensity and position of a charged particle beam bunch in a beam pipe of a synchotron radiation facility. The monitor has first and second beam pipe portions (11a, 11b) with an axial gap (12) therebetween. An outer pipe (14) cooperates with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a gap enclosure, while inner strips (23a-d) cooperate with the first beam pipe portion (11a) to form a stripline monitor, with the stripline length being the same as the gap enclosure length.

  16. A Provably Efficient Algorithm for the k-Mismatch Average Common Substring Problem.

    PubMed

    Thankachan, Sharma V; Apostolico, Alberto; Aluru, Srinivas

    2016-06-01

    Alignment-free sequence comparison methods are attracting persistent interest, driven by data-intensive applications in genome-wide molecular taxonomy and phylogenetic reconstruction. Among all the methods based on substring composition, the average common substring (ACS) measure admits a straightforward linear time sequence comparison algorithm, while yielding impressive results in multiple applications. An important direction of this research is to extend the approach to permit a bounded edit/hamming distance between substrings, so as to reflect more accurately the evolutionary process. To date, however, algorithms designed to incorporate k ≥ 1 mismatches have O(n(2)) worst-case time complexity, where n is the total length of the input sequences. On the other hand, accounting for mismatches has shown to lead to much improved classification, while heuristics can improve practical performance. In this article, we close the gap by presenting the first provably efficient algorithm for the k-mismatch average common string (ACSk) problem that takes O(n) space and O(n log(k) n) time in the worst case for any constant k. Our method extends the generalized suffix tree model to incorporate a carefully selected bounded set of perturbed suffixes, and can be applied to other complex approximate sequence matching problems. PMID:27058840

  17. Algorithm development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barth, Timothy J.; Lomax, Harvard

    1987-01-01

    The past decade has seen considerable activity in algorithm development for the Navier-Stokes equations. This has resulted in a wide variety of useful new techniques. Some examples for the numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations are presented, divided into two parts. One is devoted to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, and the other to the compressible form.

  18. Measuring the Gap

    PubMed Central

    She, Xinshu; Zhao, Deqing; Scholnick, Jenna

    2016-01-01

    China is a large country where rapid development is accompanied by growing inequalities. How economic inequalities translate to health inequalities is unknown. Baseline health assessment is lacking among rural Chinese children. We aimed at assessing baseline student health of rural Chinese children and comparing them with those of urban children of similar ages. A cross-sectional study was conducted using the 2003 Global School-Based Student Health Survey among 100 students Grade 4 to 6 from rural Guizhou, China. Results were summarized and compared with public data from urban Beijing using multivariate logistic regression models. Rural children are more likely to not wash their hands before a meal (odds ratio [OR] = 5.71, P < .01) and after using the toilet (OR = 5.41, P < .01). They are more likely to feel sick or to get into trouble after drinking (OR = 7.28, P < .01). They are more likely to have used drugs (OR = 8.54, P < .01) and to have no close friends (OR = 8.23, P < .01). An alarming percentage of rural (8.22%) and urban (14.22%) children have had suicidal ideation in the past year (OR = 0.68, P > .05). Rural parents are more likely to not know their children’s whereabouts (OR = 1.81, P < .05). Rural children are more than 4 times likely to have serious injuries (OR = 4.64, P < .01) and to be bullied (OR = 4.01, P < .01). In conclusion, school-age rural Chinese children exhibit more health risk behaviors and fewer protective factors at baseline compared to their urban counterparts. Any intervention aimed at improving child health should take this distributive gap into consideration. PMID:27335999

  19. Paramagnetically induced gapful topological superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daido, Akito; Yanase, Youichi

    2016-08-01

    We propose a generic scenario for realizing gapful topological superconductors (TSCs) from gapless spin-singlet superconductors (SCs). Noncentrosymmetric nodal SCs in two dimensions are shown to be gapful under a Zeeman field, as a result of the cooperation of inversion-symmetry breaking and time-reversal-symmetry breaking. In particular, non-s -wave SCs acquire a large excitation gap. Such paramagnetically induced gapful SCs may be classified into TSCs in the symmetry class D specified by the Chern number. We show nontrivial Chern numbers over a wide parameter range for spin-singlet SCs. A variety of the paramagnetically induced gapful TSCs are demonstrated, including D +p -wave TSC, extended S +p -wave TSC, p +D +f -wave TSC, and s +P -wave TSC. Natural extension toward three-dimensional Weyl SCs is also discussed.

  20. Marketable permits, market power, and cheating

    SciTech Connect

    Egteren, H. van; Weber, M.

    1996-03-01

    Marketable pollution permits are gaining acceptance in government policy circles, and initial estimates of the potential cost savings over command and control regulations were deemed significant and achievable with minimal information requirements on the part of reglators. However, the original promise of marketable permit systems has not been fulfilled. Significant gains in pollution reduction have not been achieved while emissions permits have become costly liabilities to firms. This paper combines the theoretical challeges of two groups to consider the impact of market power on equilibrium permit prices and levels of compliance. Results indicate that when a firm has market power in the permit market, the intial allocation is fundamental in determining prices and levels of compliance for all participants in the permit market. Furthermore, the exercise of market power and its corresponding impact on the equilibrium level of compliance is a significant factor in determining total social costs.

  1. Mind the Gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-09-01

    Astronomers have been able to study planet-forming discs around young Sun-like stars in unsurpassed detail, clearly revealing the motion and distribution of the gas in the inner parts of the disc. This result, which possibly implies the presence of giant planets, was made possible by the combination of a very clever method enabled by ESO's Very Large Telescope. Uncovering the disc ESO PR Photo 27a/08 Planet-forming Disc Planets could be home to other forms of life, so the study of exoplanets ranks very high in contemporary astronomy. More than 300 planets are already known to orbit stars other than the Sun, and these new worlds show an amazing diversity in their characteristics. But astronomers don't just look at systems where planets have already formed - they can also get great insights by studying the discs around young stars where planets may currently be forming. "This is like going 4.6 billion years back in time to watch how the planets of our own Solar System formed," says Klaus Pontoppidan from Caltech, who led the research. Pontoppidan and colleagues have analysed three young analogues of our Sun that are each surrounded by a disc of gas and dust from which planets could form. These three discs are just a few million years old and were known to have gaps or holes in them, indicating regions where the dust has been cleared and the possible presence of young planets. The new results not only confirm that gas is present in the gaps in the dust, but also enable astronomers to measure how the gas is distributed in the disc and how the disc is oriented. In regions where the dust appears to have been cleared out, molecular gas is still highly abundant. This can either mean that the dust has clumped together to form planetary embryos, or that a planet has already formed and is in the process of clearing the gas in the disc. For one of the stars, SR 21, a likely explanation is the presence of a massive giant planet orbiting at less than 3.5 times the distance

  2. GAP Analysis Bulletin Number 15

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Maxwell, Jill; Gergely, Kevin; Aycrigg, Jocelyn; Canonico, Gabrielle; Davidson, Anne; Coffey, Nicole

    2008-01-01

    The Mission of the Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is to promote conservation by providing broad geographic information on biological diversity to resource managers, planners, and policy makers who can use the information to make informed decisions. As part of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) ?a collaborative program to provide increased access to data and information on the nation?s biological resources--GAP data and analytical tools have been used in hundreds of applications: from basic research to comprehensive state wildlife plans; from educational projects in schools to ecoregional assessments of biodiversity. The challenge: keeping common species common means protecting them BEFORE they become threatened. To do this on a state or regional basis requires key information such as land cover descriptions, predicted distribution maps for native animals, and an assessment of the level of protection currently given to those plants and animals. GAP works cooperatively with Federal, state, and local natural resource professionals and academics to provide this kind of information. GAP activities focus on the creation of state and regional databases and maps that depict patterns of land management, land cover, and biodiversity. These data can be used to identify ?gaps? in conservation--instances where an animal or plant community is not adequately represented on the existing network of conservation lands. GAP is administered through the U.S. Geological Survey. Through building partnerships among disparate groups, GAP hopes to foster the kind of collaboration that is needed to address conservation issues on a broad scale. For more information, contact: John Mosesso National GAP Director 703-648-4079 Kevin Gergely National GAP Operations Manager 208-885-3565

  3. 40 CFR 124.6 - Draft permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CFR § 52.21; (iv) 404 permits, permit conditions under §§ 233.7 and 233.8; (v) NPDES permits, effluent....25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) Once an application is complete, the... §§ 123.25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) If the Director decides to prepare...

  4. 40 CFR 124.6 - Draft permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR § 52.21; (iv) 404 permits, permit conditions under §§ 233.7 and 233.8; (v) NPDES permits, effluent....25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) Once an application is complete, the... §§ 123.25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) If the Director decides to prepare...

  5. 40 CFR 124.6 - Draft permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR § 52.21; (iv) 404 permits, permit conditions under §§ 233.7 and 233.8; (v) NPDES permits, effluent....25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) Once an application is complete, the... §§ 123.25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) If the Director decides to prepare...

  6. 40 CFR 124.6 - Draft permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR § 52.21; (iv) 404 permits, permit conditions under §§ 233.7 and 233.8; (v) NPDES permits, effluent....25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) Once an application is complete, the... §§ 123.25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) If the Director decides to prepare...

  7. 40 CFR 124.6 - Draft permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR § 52.21; (iv) 404 permits, permit conditions under §§ 233.7 and 233.8; (v) NPDES permits, effluent....25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) Once an application is complete, the... §§ 123.25 (NPDES), 145.11 (UIC), 233.26 (404), and 271.14 (RCRA).) If the Director decides to prepare...

  8. 27 CFR 19.684 - Automatic termination of permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Changes to Permit Information § 19.684 Automatic termination of permits. (a) Permits not transferable. An alcohol fuel plant permit is not transferable and, except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of...

  9. 36 CFR 1001.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... authorized by regulations set forth in this chapter, the Executive Director may issue a permit to authorize..., natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of management responsibilities,...

  10. 36 CFR 1001.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... authorized by regulations set forth in this chapter, the Executive Director may issue a permit to authorize..., natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of management responsibilities,...

  11. 36 CFR 1001.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... authorized by regulations set forth in this chapter, the Executive Director may issue a permit to authorize..., natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of management responsibilities,...

  12. Annual Hanford Site environmental permitting status report

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, S.A.

    1996-10-01

    This Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report (Status Report) was prepared in response to requirements prescribed in U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.2A, `Environmental Compliance Issue Coordination`. This Order, canceled in April 1996, required that information on existing and anticipated environmental permitting for DOE facilities be submitted (or updated) annually by October 1 of each calendar year. Although the Order was canceled, the need for this Status Report still remains. For example, the Washington State Department of Ecology`s (Ecology) Dangerous Waste Permit Application Requirements (Publication Number 95-402, June 1996), Checklist Section J, calls for current information on existing and anticipated environmental permitting. As specified in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, General Information Portion (DOE/RL-91-28), this Status Report serves as the vehicle for meeting this requirement for the Hanford Facility. This Status Report includes information on all existing and anticipated environmental permitting. Environmental permitting required by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976, the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984, and non-RCRA permitting (solid waste handling, Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, Clean Water Act Amendments of 1987, Washington State waste discharge, and onsite sewage system) are addressed. Information on RCRA and non-RCRA permitting is included and is current as of July 31, 1996.

  13. 36 CFR 20.2 - Permits; conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Michigan laws, and related regulations prescribed by the Michigan Department of Conservation, governing... permit. Only nets and gear approved by the Michigan Department of Conservation shall be used....

  14. Pneumatic gap sensor and method

    DOEpatents

    Bagdal, K.T.; King, E.L.; Follstaedt, D.W.

    1992-03-03

    An apparatus and method for monitoring and maintaining a predetermined width in the gap between a casting nozzle and a casting wheel, wherein the gap is monitored by means of at least one pneumatic gap sensor. The pneumatic gap sensor is mounted on the casting nozzle in proximity to the casting surface and is connected by means of a tube to a regulator and a transducer. The regulator provides a flow of gas through a restictor to the pneumatic gap sensor, and the transducer translates the changes in the gas pressure caused by the proximity of the casting wheel to the pneumatic gap sensor outlet into a signal intelligible to a control device. The relative positions of the casting nozzle and casting wheel can thereby be selectively adjusted to continually maintain a predetermined distance between their adjacent surfaces. The apparatus and method enables accurate monitoring of the actual casting gap in a simple and reliable manner resistant to the extreme temperatures and otherwise hostile casting environment. 6 figs.

  15. Pneumatic gap sensor and method

    DOEpatents

    Bagdal, Karl T.; King, Edward L.; Follstaedt, Donald W.

    1992-01-01

    An apparatus and method for monitoring and maintaining a predetermined width in the gap between a casting nozzle and a casting wheel, wherein the gap is monitored by means of at least one pneumatic gap sensor. The pneumatic gap sensor is mounted on the casting nozzle in proximity to the casting surface and is connected by means of a tube to a regulator and a transducer. The regulator provides a flow of gas through a restictor to the pneumatic gap sensor, and the transducer translates the changes in the gas pressure caused by the proximity of the casting wheel to the pneumatic gap sensor outlet into a signal intelligible to a control device. The relative positions of the casting nozzle and casting wheel can thereby be selectively adjusted to continually maintain a predetermined distance between their adjacent surfaces. The apparatus and method enables accurate monitoring of the actual casting gap in a simple and reliable manner resistant to the extreme temperatures and otherwise hostile casting environment.

  16. Ion Engine Grid Gap Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Soulas, Gerge C.; Frandina, Michael M.

    2004-01-01

    A simple technique for measuring the grid gap of an ion engine s ion optics during startup and steady-state operation was demonstrated with beam extraction. The grid gap at the center of the ion optics assembly was measured with a long distance microscope that was focused onto an alumina pin that protruded through the center accelerator grid aperture and was mechanically attached to the screen grid. This measurement technique was successfully applied to a 30 cm titanium ion optics assembly mounted onto an NSTAR engineering model ion engine. The grid gap and each grid s movement during startup from room temperature to both full and low power were measured. The grid gaps with and without beam extraction were found to be significantly different. The grid gaps at the ion optics center were both significantly smaller than the cold grid gap and different at the two power levels examined. To avoid issues associated with a small grid gap during thruster startup with titanium ion optics, a simple method was to operate the thruster initially without beam extraction to heat the ion optics. Another possible method is to apply high voltage to the grids prior to igniting the discharge because power deposition to the grids from the plasma is lower with beam extraction than without. Further testing would be required to confirm this approach.

  17. Permitted and forbidden sets in discrete-time linear threshold recurrent neural networks.

    PubMed

    Yi, Zhang; Zhang, Lei; Yu, Jiali; Tan, Kok Kiong

    2009-06-01

    The concepts of permitted and forbidden sets enable a new perspective of the memory in neural networks. Such concepts exhibit interesting dynamics in recurrent neural networks. This paper studies the basic theories of permitted and forbidden sets of the linear threshold discrete-time recurrent neural networks. The linear threshold transfer function has been regarded as an adequate transfer function for recurrent neural networks. Networks with this transfer function form a class of hybrid analog and digital networks which are especially useful for perceptual computations. Networks in discrete time can directly provide algorithms for efficient implementation in digital hardware. The main contribution of this paper is to establish foundations of permitted and forbidden sets. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the linear threshold discrete-time recurrent neural networks are obtained for complete convergence, existence of permitted and forbidden sets, as well as conditionally multiattractivity, respectively. Simulation studies explore some possible interesting practical applications.

  18. A possible pole problem in the formula for klystron gap fields

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kosmahl, H. G.

    1977-01-01

    In isolated cases a pole may be encountered in a previously published solution for the fields in a klystron gap. Formulas, permitting the critical combinations of parameters to be defined, are presented. It is noted that the region of inaccuracy surrounding the pole is sufficiently small and that a 0.1% change in the field changing parameter is enough to avoid it.

  19. DNA replication: keep moving and don't mind the gap.

    PubMed

    Langston, Lance D; O'Donnell, Mike

    2006-07-21

    As the replication fork progresses, synthesis of the discontinuous lagging strand requires frequent priming and cycling of the lagging strand polymerase to the new primers. It appears that this mechanism also permits bypass of template lesions on both strands, leaving the damage behind in a single-strand gap and precluding fork stalling or collapse. PMID:16857582

  20. 40 CFR 144.31 - Application for a permit; authorization by permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... is located on Indian lands. (6) A listing of all permits or construction approvals received or.... (vii) Ocean dumping permits under the Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act. (viii) Dredge...

  1. 40 CFR 144.31 - Application for a permit; authorization by permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... is located on Indian lands. (6) A listing of all permits or construction approvals received or.... (vii) Ocean dumping permits under the Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act. (viii) Dredge...

  2. 40 CFR 144.31 - Application for a permit; authorization by permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... is located on Indian lands. (6) A listing of all permits or construction approvals received or.... (vii) Ocean dumping permits under the Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act. (viii) Dredge...

  3. 30 CFR 947.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations: (1) Department of Ecology: Surface Water Rights Permit, RCW 90.03.250 Dam Safety Approval, RCW 90... deny a permit application to the Washington Department of Natural Resources, the Department of...

  4. 30 CFR 947.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... regulations: (1) Department of Ecology: Surface Water Rights Permit, RCW 90.03.250 Dam Safety Approval, RCW 90... deny a permit application to the Washington Department of Natural Resources, the Department of...

  5. 30 CFR 947.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... regulations: (1) Department of Ecology: Surface Water Rights Permit, RCW 90.03.250 Dam Safety Approval, RCW 90... deny a permit application to the Washington Department of Natural Resources, the Department of...

  6. 30 CFR 947.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations: (1) Department of Ecology: Surface Water Rights Permit, RCW 90.03.250 Dam Safety Approval, RCW 90... deny a permit application to the Washington Department of Natural Resources, the Department of...

  7. 30 CFR 947.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... regulations: (1) Department of Ecology: Surface Water Rights Permit, RCW 90.03.250 Dam Safety Approval, RCW 90... deny a permit application to the Washington Department of Natural Resources, the Department of...

  8. 30 CFR 921.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... issued by the Secretary pursuant to 30 CFR part 773 and applicable permits issued pursuant to the laws of... shall have the locations of the proposed permit boundaries, topsoil storage areas, sediment...

  9. 30 CFR 921.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... issued by the Secretary pursuant to 30 CFR part 773 and applicable permits issued pursuant to the laws of... shall have the locations of the proposed permit boundaries, topsoil storage areas, sediment...

  10. 40 CFR 52.681 - Permits to construct and tier II operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of the SIP. (b) Operating Permits authorizing the use of alternative emission limits (bubbles) under... credits in a bubble pursuant to IDAPA 58.01.01.461), and Tier II Operating Permits authorizing...

  11. 40 CFR 52.681 - Permits to construct and tier II operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of the SIP. (b) Operating Permits authorizing the use of alternative emission limits (bubbles) under... credits in a bubble pursuant to IDAPA 58.01.01.461), and Tier II Operating Permits authorizing...

  12. 40 CFR 52.681 - Permits to construct and tier II operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of the SIP. (b) Operating Permits authorizing the use of alternative emission limits (bubbles) under... credits in a bubble pursuant to IDAPA 58.01.01.461), and Tier II Operating Permits authorizing...

  13. 40 CFR 52.681 - Permits to construct and tier II operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of the SIP. (b) Operating Permits authorizing the use of alternative emission limits (bubbles) under... credits in a bubble pursuant to IDAPA 58.01.01.461), and Tier II Operating Permits authorizing...

  14. 40 CFR 52.681 - Permits to construct and tier II operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... of the SIP. (b) Operating Permits authorizing the use of alternative emission limits (bubbles) under... credits in a bubble pursuant to IDAPA 58.01.01.461), and Tier II Operating Permits authorizing...

  15. 75 FR 41233 - Issuance of Permits

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... Lemur Conservation 75 FR 62586; November April 12, 2010 Foundation. 30, 2009. 231677 Terrance David... Permit number Applicant Federal Register notice Permit issuance date 00568A Bryce Carlson/Emory 75 FR 22162; April 27, June 24, 2010 University. 2010. 02299A John Turner 75 FR 27814; May 18, June 30,...

  16. 40 CFR 35.925-6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Permits. 35.925-6 Section 35.925-6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-6 Permits. That the...

  17. 40 CFR 35.925-6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Permits. 35.925-6 Section 35.925-6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-6 Permits. That the...

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permits. 35.925-6 Section 35.925-6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-6 Permits. That the...

  19. 40 CFR 35.925-6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Permits. 35.925-6 Section 35.925-6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-6 Permits. That the...

  20. 30 CFR 778.17 - Permit term.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permit term. 778.17 Section 778.17 Mineral... term. (a) Each application shall state the anticipated or actual starting and termination date of each... an initial permit term in excess of 5 years in order to obtain necessary financing for equipment...

  1. 46 CFR 176.113 - Passengers permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... passengers permitted on any vessel may be the greatest number permitted by the length of rail criterion, deck area criterion, or fixed seating criterion described in this paragraph or a combination of these criteria as allowed by paragraph (c) of this section. (1) Length of rail criterion. One passenger may...

  2. 50 CFR 216.35 - Permit restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... parts is subject to the provisions of 50 CFR part 14. (d) The permit holder shall not take from the wild... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 216.35 Permit restrictions. The following restrictions shall apply to...

  3. 50 CFR 216.35 - Permit restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... parts is subject to the provisions of 50 CFR part 14. (d) The permit holder shall not take from the wild... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Special Exceptions § 216.35 Permit restrictions. The following restrictions shall apply to...

  4. 33 CFR 107.220 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... shall make a written certification to that effect identifying which OFAC general license applies or... Waters § 107.220 Permits. (a) Applications for a permit may be obtained by writing or calling the Chief... applications must be written in English and legible. (c) The information and documentation in this...

  5. 50 CFR 600.501 - Vessel permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... are contained in 50 CFR part 229 of this title. (b) Responsibility of owners and operators. The owners... additional permit restrictions on the permit under 15 CFR part 904, if the vessel is involved in the... authorize FFV's or persons to harass, capture, or kill marine mammals. No marine mammals may be taken in...

  6. 9 CFR 122.2 - Permits required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ORGANISMS AND VECTORS § 122.2 Permits required. No organisms or vectors shall be imported into the United States or transported from one State or... be required under this section for importation of organisms for which an import permit has...

  7. 9 CFR 122.2 - Permits required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ORGANISMS AND VECTORS § 122.2 Permits required. No organisms or vectors shall be imported into the United States or transported from one State or... be required under this section for importation of organisms for which an import permit has...

  8. 9 CFR 122.2 - Permits required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ORGANISMS AND VECTORS § 122.2 Permits required. No organisms or vectors shall be imported into the United States or transported from one State or... be required under this section for importation of organisms for which an import permit has...

  9. 9 CFR 122.2 - Permits required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ORGANISMS AND VECTORS § 122.2 Permits required. No organisms or vectors shall be imported into the United States or transported from one State or... be required under this section for importation of organisms for which an import permit has...

  10. Major developments in section 404-permitting

    SciTech Connect

    Ahrens, M.; Orr, S.

    2009-06-15

    Mountain coal mining in the Central Appalachians faces increased challenge under the Clean Water Act (CWA). These challenges have included the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) increased involvement in permitting under Section 404 of the CWA; active opposition by environmental groups to Section 404 permits; and proposed federal legislation to reduce the availability of these permits. These recent challenges culminated in a June 11, 2009, Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the PEA, the Department of Interior (DoI) and the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) that will limit the use of general permits for mountaintop coal mining and increase the scrutiny applied to individual permits, while also providing a coordinated approach for reviewing the backlog of pending permit application. By entering into the MoU, the federal agencies aim to reduce the environmental impacts of mountaintop coal mining while increasing certainty and transparency for permit applications. Challenges to Section 404 permitting for mountaintop coal mining are dynamic and new developments occur almost daily. This article provides a snapshot of the current climate.

  11. 46 CFR 176.110 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Routes permitted. 176.110 Section 176.110 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION General Provisions; Certificate of Inspection § 176.110 Routes permitted....

  12. 46 CFR 176.110 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Routes permitted. 176.110 Section 176.110 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificate of Inspection § 176.110 Routes permitted. (a) The area of...

  13. 46 CFR 176.110 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Routes permitted. 176.110 Section 176.110 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION General Provisions; Certificate of Inspection § 176.110 Routes permitted....

  14. 46 CFR 176.110 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Routes permitted. 176.110 Section 176.110 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION General Provisions; Certificate of Inspection § 176.110 Routes permitted....

  15. 46 CFR 176.110 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Routes permitted. 176.110 Section 176.110 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificate of Inspection § 176.110 Routes permitted. (a) The area of...

  16. 50 CFR 648.4 - Vessel permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) (5) Mackerel, squid, and butterfish vessels. Any vessel of the United States, including party and... land Atlantic mackerel, squid, or butterfish in or from the EEZ. (i) Loligo squid/butterfish and Illex squid moratorium permits. (A) Eligibility. To be eligible to apply for a moratorium permit to fish...

  17. 50 CFR 648.4 - Vessel permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) (5) Mackerel, squid, and butterfish vessels. Any vessel of the United States, including party and... land Atlantic mackerel, squid, or butterfish in or from the EEZ. (i) Loligo squid/butterfish and Illex squid moratorium permits. (A) Eligibility. To be eligible to apply for a moratorium permit to fish...

  18. 40 CFR 72.81 - Permit modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... projects under § 72.44(g)(1)(i) and (2) of this part. (b) The following permit revisions shall follow, at... modification procedures or the fast-track modification procedures under § 72.82 of this part: (1) Consistent...: (i) Subparts E, F, and G of this part, where the Administrator is the permitting authority; or...

  19. 40 CFR 72.81 - Permit modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... projects under § 72.44(g)(1)(i) and (2) of this part. (b) The following permit revisions shall follow, at... modification procedures or the fast-track modification procedures under § 72.82 of this part: (1) Consistent...: (i) Subparts E, F, and G of this part, where the Administrator is the permitting authority; or...

  20. 40 CFR 72.81 - Permit modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... projects under § 72.44(g)(1)(i) and (2) of this part. (b) The following permit revisions shall follow, at... modification procedures or the fast-track modification procedures under § 72.82 of this part: (1) Consistent...: (i) Subparts E, F, and G of this part, where the Administrator is the permitting authority; or...

  1. 40 CFR 72.81 - Permit modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... projects under § 72.44(g)(1)(i) and (2) of this part. (b) The following permit revisions shall follow, at... modification procedures or the fast-track modification procedures under § 72.82 of this part: (1) Consistent...: (i) Subparts E, F, and G of this part, where the Administrator is the permitting authority; or...

  2. 50 CFR 660.707 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... applying for a permit under the authority of the High Seas Fishing Compliance Act, the Tuna Conventions Act... California, Oregon, and Washington. (1) A commercial fishing vessel of the United States must be registered... Tropical Tuna Commission. (2) All permits issued by NMFS in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of...

  3. 27 CFR 25.232 - Basic permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Basic permit. 25.232 Section 25.232 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Beer Purchased From Another Brewer § 25.232 Basic permit. A brewer...

  4. 27 CFR 25.232 - Basic permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Basic permit. 25.232 Section 25.232 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL BEER Beer Purchased From Another Brewer § 25.232 Basic permit. A brewer...

  5. 27 CFR 25.232 - Basic permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Basic permit. 25.232 Section 25.232 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Beer Purchased From Another Brewer § 25.232 Basic permit. A brewer...

  6. 40 CFR 144.33 - Area permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Area permits. 144.33 Section 144.33 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND... permittee to construct and operate, convert, or plug and abandon wells within the permit area provided:...

  7. 40 CFR 52.151 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Operating permits. 52.151 Section 52.151 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.151 Operating permits. Insofar as...

  8. 40 CFR 52.151 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Operating permits. 52.151 Section 52.151 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.151 Operating permits. Insofar as...

  9. 50 CFR 665.242 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... in Crustacean Permit Areas 1 or 2 must have a permit issued for that vessel. (4) Harvest of Hawaii crustacean MUS within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is subject to the requirements of 50 CFR part 404. (b) General requirements. General requirements governing...

  10. 50 CFR 665.242 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... in Crustacean Permit Areas 1 or 2 must have a permit issued for that vessel. (4) Harvest of Hawaii crustacean MUS within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is subject to the requirements of 50 CFR part 404. (b) General requirements. General requirements governing...

  11. 50 CFR 665.242 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... in Crustacean Permit Areas 1 or 2 must have a permit issued for that vessel. (4) Harvest of Hawaii crustacean MUS within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is subject to the requirements of 50 CFR part 404. (b) General requirements. General requirements governing...

  12. 50 CFR 665.242 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in Crustacean Permit Areas 1 or 2 must have a permit issued for that vessel. (4) Harvest of Hawaii crustacean MUS within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is subject to the requirements of 50 CFR part 404. (b) General requirements. General requirements governing...

  13. 50 CFR 665.242 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... in Crustacean Permit Areas 1 or 2 must have a permit issued for that vessel. (4) Harvest of Hawaii crustacean MUS within the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument is subject to the requirements of 50 CFR part 404. (b) General requirements. General requirements governing...

  14. 25 CFR 700.711 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES New Lands Grazing § 700.711 Grazing permits. (a) All livestock grazed on the New Lands must be covered by a grazing... residency on the New Lands Range Unit of permit issue, and (4) Own livestock which graze on the range...

  15. 36 CFR 13.161 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins Cabin Use for Subsistence Purposes § 13.161 Permit application... resubmitted. The following information is required to be included in a permit application: (a) An explanation... blueprint, sketch or photograph of the cabin or structure; (d) A map that shows the geographic location...

  16. 36 CFR 13.161 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins Cabin Use for Subsistence Purposes § 13.161 Permit application... resubmitted. The following information is required to be included in a permit application: (a) An explanation... blueprint, sketch or photograph of the cabin or structure; (d) A map that shows the geographic location...

  17. 36 CFR 13.161 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins Cabin Use for Subsistence Purposes § 13.161 Permit application... resubmitted. The following information is required to be included in a permit application: (a) An explanation... blueprint, sketch or photograph of the cabin or structure; (d) A map that shows the geographic location...

  18. 36 CFR 13.161 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins Cabin Use for Subsistence Purposes § 13.161 Permit application... resubmitted. The following information is required to be included in a permit application: (a) An explanation... blueprint, sketch or photograph of the cabin or structure; (d) A map that shows the geographic location...

  19. 40 CFR 233.23 - Permit conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... not to exceed 5 years. (c) Each 404 permit shall include conditions meeting or implementing the following requirements: (1) A specific identification and complete description of the authorized activity... be discharged. (This subsection is not applicable to general permits). (2) Only the...

  20. 40 CFR 233.23 - Permit conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... not to exceed 5 years. (c) Each 404 permit shall include conditions meeting or implementing the following requirements: (1) A specific identification and complete description of the authorized activity... be discharged. (This subsection is not applicable to general permits). (2) Only the...

  1. 45 CFR 3.24 - Parking permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parking permits. 3.24 Section 3.24 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL..., a person may not park a motor vehicle without displaying a parking permit, currently valid for...

  2. 45 CFR 3.24 - Parking permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Parking permits. 3.24 Section 3.24 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.24 Parking permits. Except for visitor...

  3. 45 CFR 3.24 - Parking permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Parking permits. 3.24 Section 3.24 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.24 Parking permits. Except for visitor...

  4. 45 CFR 3.24 - Parking permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Parking permits. 3.24 Section 3.24 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.24 Parking permits. Except for visitor...

  5. 45 CFR 3.24 - Parking permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Parking permits. 3.24 Section 3.24 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.24 Parking permits. Except for visitor...

  6. 25 CFR 167.9 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Grazing permits. 167.9 Section 167.9 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER NAVAJO GRAZING REGULATIONS § 167.9 Grazing permits. (a) All livestock grazed on the Navajo Reservation must be covered by an authorized...

  7. 40 CFR 52.1233 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... threshold provisions in Chapter 7007 rules concern the treatment of sources of greenhouse gas emissions as major sources for purposes of title V operating permits, EPA approves such provisions only to the extent they require permits for such sources where the source emits or has the potential to emit at least...

  8. 40 CFR 52.1233 - Operating permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... threshold provisions in Chapter 7007 rules concern the treatment of sources of greenhouse gas emissions as major sources for purposes of title V operating permits, EPA approves such provisions only to the extent they require permits for such sources where the source emits or has the potential to emit at least...

  9. 36 CFR 20.2 - Permits; conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Permits; conditions. 20.2 Section 20.2 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ISLE ROYALE NATIONAL PARK; COMMERCIAL FISHING § 20.2 Permits; conditions. Annual, revocable special...

  10. 46 CFR 169.209 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Routes permitted. 169.209 Section 169.209 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.209 Routes permitted. (a) The area of operation...

  11. 46 CFR 169.209 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Routes permitted. 169.209 Section 169.209 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.209 Routes permitted. (a) The area of operation...

  12. 46 CFR 169.209 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Routes permitted. 169.209 Section 169.209 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.209 Routes permitted. (a) The area of operation...

  13. 46 CFR 169.209 - Routes permitted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Routes permitted. 169.209 Section 169.209 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Inspection and Certification Certificate of Inspection § 169.209 Routes permitted. (a) The area of operation...

  14. 9 CFR 104.3 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Permit application. 104.3 Section 104.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL...

  15. 9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Product permit. 104.7 Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  16. 9 CFR 104.1 - Permit required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Permit required. 104.1 Section 104.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  17. 9 CFR 104.1 - Permit required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Permit required. 104.1 Section 104.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  18. 9 CFR 104.3 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Permit application. 104.3 Section 104.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL...

  19. 9 CFR 104.3 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Permit application. 104.3 Section 104.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL...

  20. 9 CFR 104.1 - Permit required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Permit required. 104.1 Section 104.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  1. 9 CFR 104.2 - Permit authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Permit authorized. 104.2 Section 104.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  2. 9 CFR 104.2 - Permit authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Permit authorized. 104.2 Section 104.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  3. 9 CFR 104.3 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Permit application. 104.3 Section 104.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL...

  4. 9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Product permit. 104.7 Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  5. 9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Product permit. 104.7 Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  6. 9 CFR 104.1 - Permit required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Permit required. 104.1 Section 104.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  7. 9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Product permit. 104.7 Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  8. 9 CFR 104.2 - Permit authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Permit authorized. 104.2 Section 104.2 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  9. 32 CFR 552.90 - Permit office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Permit office. 552.90 Section 552.90 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Fort Lewis Land Use Policy § 552.90 Permit...

  10. 32 CFR 552.90 - Permit office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Permit office. 552.90 Section 552.90 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Fort Lewis Land Use Policy § 552.90 Permit...

  11. 32 CFR 552.90 - Permit office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Permit office. 552.90 Section 552.90 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Fort Lewis Land Use Policy § 552.90 Permit...

  12. 32 CFR 552.90 - Permit office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Permit office. 552.90 Section 552.90 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Fort Lewis Land Use Policy § 552.90 Permit...

  13. 32 CFR 552.90 - Permit office.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Permit office. 552.90 Section 552.90 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES REGULATIONS AFFECTING MILITARY RESERVATIONS Fort Lewis Land Use Policy § 552.90 Permit...

  14. 43 CFR 9212.3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Permits. 9212.3 Section 9212.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) FIRE MANAGEMENT Wildfire Prevention § 9212.3 Permits....

  15. 43 CFR 9212.3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Permits. 9212.3 Section 9212.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) FIRE MANAGEMENT Wildfire Prevention § 9212.3 Permits....

  16. 43 CFR 9212.3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Permits. 9212.3 Section 9212.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) FIRE MANAGEMENT Wildfire Prevention § 9212.3 Permits....

  17. 43 CFR 9212.3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Permits. 9212.3 Section 9212.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) FIRE MANAGEMENT Wildfire Prevention § 9212.3 Permits....

  18. 7 CFR 319.75-3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Permits. 319.75-3 Section 319.75-3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Khapra Beetle § 319.75-3 Permits. (a) A...

  19. 7 CFR 319.75-3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Permits. 319.75-3 Section 319.75-3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Khapra Beetle § 319.75-3 Permits. (a) A...

  20. 7 CFR 319.75-3 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Permits. 319.75-3 Section 319.75-3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Khapra Beetle § 319.75-3 Permits. (a) A...

  1. 25 CFR 167.9 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Grazing permits. 167.9 Section 167.9 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER NAVAJO GRAZING REGULATIONS § 167.9 Grazing permits. (a) All livestock grazed on the Navajo Reservation must be covered by an authorized...

  2. 25 CFR 167.9 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Grazing permits. 167.9 Section 167.9 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER NAVAJO GRAZING REGULATIONS § 167.9 Grazing permits. (a) All livestock grazed on the Navajo Reservation must be covered by an authorized...

  3. 25 CFR 167.9 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Grazing permits. 167.9 Section 167.9 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER NAVAJO GRAZING REGULATIONS § 167.9 Grazing permits. (a) All livestock grazed on the Navajo Reservation must be covered by an authorized...

  4. 50 CFR 679.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CFR parts 300 and 679. These permits are listed in the following table. The date of effectiveness for... or card type is: Permit is in effect from issue date through the end of: For more information, see... denials are found at subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. Such procedures are required for enforcement...

  5. 45 CFR 671.8 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Permit administration. 671.8 Section 671.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WASTE REGULATION... the provisions of this Part. Any application for modification of a permit that involves a...

  6. 45 CFR 671.8 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Permit administration. 671.8 Section 671.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WASTE REGULATION... the provisions of this Part. Any application for modification of a permit that involves a...

  7. 50 CFR 665.801 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Permit appeals. Except as provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or any... using longline gear in the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago; or (2) To land or transship, shoreward of the outer boundary of the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago, western Pacific pelagic MUS...

  8. 50 CFR 665.801 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Permit appeals. Except as provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or any... using longline gear in the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago; or (2) To land or transship, shoreward of the outer boundary of the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago, western Pacific pelagic MUS...

  9. 50 CFR 665.801 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Permit appeals. Except as provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or any... using longline gear in the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago; or (2) To land or transship, shoreward of the outer boundary of the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago, western Pacific pelagic MUS...

  10. 50 CFR 665.801 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Permit appeals. Except as provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or any... using longline gear in the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago; or (2) To land or transship, shoreward of the outer boundary of the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago, western Pacific pelagic MUS...

  11. 50 CFR 665.801 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Permit appeals. Except as provided in subpart D of 15 CFR part 904, any applicant for a permit or any... using longline gear in the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago; or (2) To land or transship, shoreward of the outer boundary of the EEZ around the Hawaiian Archipelago, western Pacific pelagic MUS...

  12. 78 FR 36526 - Permits; Foreign Fishing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-18

    ... a permit application for transshipment of Atlantic herring by Canadian vessels, submitted under... section 204(d) permits for up to 14 Canadian transport vessels to receive Atlantic herring harvested by... of herring from United States purse seine vessels, stop seines, and weirs for the purpose...

  13. 77 FR 30995 - Permits; Foreign Fishing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... a permit application for transshipment of Atlantic herring by Canadian vessels, submitted under...) permits for up to 14 Canadian ] transport vessels to receive Atlantic herring harvested by United States... application requesting authorization for five Canadian transport vessels to receive transfers of herring...

  14. 9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Product permit. 104.7 Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS §...

  15. 9 CFR 104.2 - Permit authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.2... permits for importing biological products. They shall be: (1) U.S. Veterinary Biological Product...

  16. 9 CFR 104.3 - Permit application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.3 Permit application. (a) Each person desiring to import a biological product shall make...

  17. 50 CFR 622.270 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Dolphin and Wahoo... while the vessel is at sea or offloading. (4) An owner of a vessel that is required to have a permitted... CFR part 904 is not aboard that vessel. (d) Dealer permits. (1) For a dealer to receive dolphin...

  18. 43 CFR 36.9 - Issuing permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Issuing permit. 36.9 Section 36.9 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITY SYSTEMS IN AND ACROSS, AND ACCESS INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA § 36.9 Issuing permit. (a) Once an application...

  19. 43 CFR 36.9 - Issuing permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuing permit. 36.9 Section 36.9 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITY SYSTEMS IN AND ACROSS, AND ACCESS INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA § 36.9 Issuing permit. (a) Once an application...

  20. 50 CFR 680.4 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... chapter or under 15 CFR part 904. (2) Each unit of Crab PQS initially issued under § 680.40 for the Bering... under 15 CFR part 904. (2) A legible copy of the crab IFQ permit must be carried on board the vessel... or under 15 CFR part 904. (2) A legible copy of the crab IPQ permit authorizing...

  1. Five steps toward title V permitting

    SciTech Connect

    Shrock, J.

    1994-06-01

    Title V of the Clean Air Act Amendments will have a profound effect on industry. Industry should be aware that preparing a Title V permit application is a significant undertaking. If a Title V operating permit is required, the recommended approach is described.

  2. 25 CFR 141.12 - Peddler's permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Peddler's permits. 141.12 Section 141.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES BUSINESS PRACTICES ON THE NAVAJO... federally recognized Indian tribe is required to obtain a peddler's permit for offering to sell...

  3. 45 CFR 671.8 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Permit administration. 671.8 Section 671.8 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WASTE REGULATION... the provisions of this Part. Any application for modification of a permit that involves a...

  4. 45 CFR 670.13 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... authorize the permit holder to designate agents to act on behalf of the permit holder. (f) Marine mammals... mammal which is a marine mammal as defined by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C....

  5. 45 CFR 670.13 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... authorize the permit holder to designate agents to act on behalf of the permit holder. (f) Marine mammals... mammal which is a marine mammal as defined by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C....

  6. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... officials; (7) Closure and post-closure care requirements; (8) Methods of pest and vermin control; (9... DISPOSAL SITES IN UNITS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 6.9 Permits. (a) A permit issued under this section... Park System, except as specified in § 6.2(c) or § 6.7(c). (b) Upon receipt of a request under §...

  7. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... officials; (7) Closure and post-closure care requirements; (8) Methods of pest and vermin control; (9... DISPOSAL SITES IN UNITS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 6.9 Permits. (a) A permit issued under this section... Park System, except as specified in § 6.2(c) or § 6.7(c). (b) Upon receipt of a request under §...

  8. 25 CFR 167.9 - Grazing permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... permittee who has five or more horses on his current permit will be required to apply any acquired sheep... shall be authorized to graze more than ten head of horses or to accumulate a total of over 350 sheep... permitted holdings of any individual permittee shall not exceed 350 sheep units or the equivalent...

  9. 40 CFR 71.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting authority by January 1, 1996 for... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  10. 40 CFR 70.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... (iv) Applications for initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  11. 40 CFR 70.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (iv) Applications for initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  12. 40 CFR 70.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... (iv) Applications for initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  13. 40 CFR 70.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (iv) Applications for initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  14. 40 CFR 71.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting authority by January 1, 1996 for... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  15. 40 CFR 70.5 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (iv) Applications for initial phase II acid rain permits shall be submitted to the permitting... description of air pollution control equipment and compliance monitoring devices or activities. (vi... based. (4) The following air pollution control requirements: (i) Citation and description of...

  16. 50 CFR 660.25 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... in 50 CFR part 660, subparts C through G. (b) Limited entry permit—(1) Eligibility and registration... regulations at 15 CFR part 904, subpart D, apply. (2) Mothership (MS) permit. The MS permit conveys...

  17. 45 CFR 670.13 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Permit administration. 670.13 Section 670.13 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... application for modification of a permit that involves a material change beyond the terms originally...

  18. 45 CFR 670.13 - Permit administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Permit administration. 670.13 Section 670.13 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... application for modification of a permit that involves a material change beyond the terms originally...

  19. 50 CFR 622.470 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE CARIBBEAN, GULF OF MEXICO, AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Corals and Reef...) Prohibited coral. A Federal permit may be issued to take or possess Caribbean prohibited coral only as... applicant for a coral permit must be the individual who will be conducting the activity that requires...

  20. 36 CFR 228.60 - Prospecting permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... negotiated sale. (b) Limitations. Mineral material may be removed from lands under a prospecting permit only... Section 228.60 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials Types and Methods of Disposal § 228.60 Prospecting permits. (a)...

  1. Annual Hanford Site environmental permitting status report

    SciTech Connect

    Sonnichsen, J.C.

    1998-09-17

    The information contained and/or referenced in this Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report (Status Report) addresses the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) of 1971 and Condition II.W. of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 Permit, Dangerous Waste Portion (DW Portion). Condition II.W. of the RCRA Permit specifies the Permittees are responsible for all other applicable federal, state, and local permits for the development and operation of the Hanford Facility. Condition II.W. of the RCRA Permit specifies that the Permittees are to use their best efforts to obtain such permits. For the purposes of permit condition, `best efforts` means submittal of documentation and/or approval(s) in accordance with schedules specified in applicable regulations, or as determined through negotiations with the applicable regulatory agencies. This Status Report includes information on all existing and anticipated environmental permitting. Environmental permitting required by RCRA, the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984, and non-RCRA permitting (solid waste handling, Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, Clean Water Act Amendments of 1987, Washington State waste discharge, and onsite sewage system) is addressed. Information on RCRA and non-RCRA is current as of July 31, 1998. For the purposes of RCRA and the State of Washington Hazardous Waste Management Act of 1976 [as administered through the Dangerous Waste Regulations, Washington Active Code (WAC) 173-303], the Hanford Facility is considered a single facility. As such, the Hanford Facility has been issued one US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)/State Identification Number (WA7890008967). This EPA/State identification number encompasses over 60 treatment, storage, and/or disposal (TSD) units. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) has been delegated authority by the EPA to administer the RCRA, including mixed waste authority. The RCRA permitting approach for

  2. 50 CFR 18.31 - Scientific research permits and public display permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Scientific research permits and public... Scientific research permits and public display permits. The Director may, upon receipt of an application and... importation of marine mammals for scientific research purposes or for public display. (a)...

  3. 50 CFR 18.31 - Scientific research permits and public display permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scientific research permits and public... Scientific research permits and public display permits. The Director may, upon receipt of an application and... importation of marine mammals for scientific research purposes or for public display. (a)...

  4. 30 CFR 905.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... environmental impact statement (EIS) and the WFO has found, pursuant to 36 WFO 800.4(d) and 800.5(b), that the... CFR 800.5 (d) or (e), the written decision shall be issued within 60 days from the Environmental... Permits and Permit Processing, shall apply to any person who applies for a permit for surface coal...

  5. 30 CFR 905.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... environmental impact statement (EIS) and the WFO has found, pursuant to 36 WFO 800.4(d) and 800.5(b), that the... CFR 800.5 (d) or (e), the written decision shall be issued within 60 days from the Environmental... Permits and Permit Processing, shall apply to any person who applies for a permit for surface coal...

  6. 30 CFR 905.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... environmental impact statement (EIS) and the WFO has found, pursuant to 36 WFO 800.4(d) and 800.5(b), that the... CFR 800.5 (d) or (e), the written decision shall be issued within 60 days from the Environmental... Permits and Permit Processing, shall apply to any person who applies for a permit for surface coal...

  7. 30 CFR 905.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... environmental impact statement (EIS) and the WFO has found, pursuant to 36 WFO 800.4(d) and 800.5(b), that the... CFR 800.5 (d) or (e), the written decision shall be issued within 60 days from the Environmental... Permits and Permit Processing, shall apply to any person who applies for a permit for surface coal...

  8. 30 CFR 905.773 - Requirements for permits and permit processing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... environmental impact statement (EIS) and the WFO has found, pursuant to 36 WFO 800.4(d) and 800.5(b), that the... CFR 800.5 (d) or (e), the written decision shall be issued within 60 days from the Environmental... Permits and Permit Processing, shall apply to any person who applies for a permit for surface coal...

  9. 36 CFR 71.10 - Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees. 71.10 Section 71.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.10 Special recreation permits and...

  10. 36 CFR 71.10 - Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees. 71.10 Section 71.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.10 Special recreation permits and...

  11. 36 CFR 71.10 - Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees. 71.10 Section 71.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.10 Special recreation permits and...

  12. 36 CFR 71.10 - Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees. 71.10 Section 71.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.10 Special recreation permits and...

  13. 36 CFR 71.10 - Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Special recreation permits and special recreation permit fees. 71.10 Section 71.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.10 Special recreation permits and...

  14. 50 CFR 18.31 - Scientific research permits and public display permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Scientific research permits and public... Scientific research permits and public display permits. The Director may, upon receipt of an application and... importation of marine mammals for scientific research purposes or for public display. (a)...

  15. Eight electrode optical readout gap

    DOEpatents

    Boettcher, Gordon E.; Crain, Robert W.

    1985-01-01

    A protective device for a plurality of electrical circuits includes a pluity of isolated electrodes forming a gap with a common electrode. An output signal, electrically isolated from the circuits being monitored, is obtained by a photosensor viewing the discharge gap through an optical window. Radioactive stabilization of discharge characteristics is provided for slowly changing voltages and carbon tipped dynamic starters provide desirable discharge characteristics for rapidly varying voltages. A hydrogen permeation barrier is provided on external surfaces of the device.

  16. Pneumatic gap sensor and method

    SciTech Connect

    Bagdal, K.T.; King, E.L.; Follstaedt, D.W.

    1992-03-03

    This patent describes in a casting system which including an apparatus for monitoring the gap between a casting nozzle and a casting surface of a substrate during casting of molten material, wherein the molten material is provided through a channel of the casting nozzle for casting onto the casting surface of the substrate for solidification. It comprises: a pneumatic gap mounted at least partially within a cavity in the casting nozzle adjacent the channel and having a sensor face located within the gap between the nozzle and the casting surface of the substrate, means for supply gas under predetermined pressure to the inlet orifice; and means for measuring the pressure of the gas within the sensor chamber during casting procedures, whereby relative changes in the gap can be determined by corresponding changes in the measured pressure. This patent also describes a method for monitoring the gap between a casting nozzle and a casting surface of a substrate for continuous casting of molten material. It comprises: providing a casting nozzle with a channel for directing the flow of molten material, locating the nozzle and the casting surface is proximity with one another and having a predetermined gap there-between, and dressing the sensor face to correspond in conformation to the casting surface and to adjust the predetermined distance as desired; providing a molten material to the nozzle for casting onto and casting surface; supplying gas at a predetermined pressure to the inlet orifice of the sensor during casting procedures.

  17. Univariate time series forecasting algorithm validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ismail, Suzilah; Zakaria, Rohaiza; Muda, Tuan Zalizam Tuan

    2014-12-01

    Forecasting is a complex process which requires expert tacit knowledge in producing accurate forecast values. This complexity contributes to the gaps between end users and expert. Automating this process by using algorithm can act as a bridge between them. Algorithm is a well-defined rule for solving a problem. In this study a univariate time series forecasting algorithm was developed in JAVA and validated using SPSS and Excel. Two set of simulated data (yearly and non-yearly); several univariate forecasting techniques (i.e. Moving Average, Decomposition, Exponential Smoothing, Time Series Regressions and ARIMA) and recent forecasting process (such as data partition, several error measures, recursive evaluation and etc.) were employed. Successfully, the results of the algorithm tally with the results of SPSS and Excel. This algorithm will not just benefit forecaster but also end users that lacking in depth knowledge of forecasting process.

  18. Phenotype ontologies for mouse and man: bridging the semantic gap

    PubMed Central

    Schofield, Paul N.; Gkoutos, Georgios V.; Gruenberger, Michael; Sundberg, John P.; Hancock, John M.

    2010-01-01

    A major challenge of the post-genomic era is coding phenotype data from humans and model organisms such as the mouse, to permit the meaningful translation of phenotype descriptions between species. This ability is essential if we are to facilitate phenotype-driven gene function discovery and empower comparative pathobiology. Here, we review the current state of the art for phenotype and disease description in mice and humans, and discuss ways in which the semantic gap between coding systems might be bridged to facilitate the discovery and exploitation of new mouse models of human diseases. PMID:20427557

  19. Verb gapping: an action-gap compatibility study.

    PubMed

    Claus, Berry

    2015-03-01

    This study addresses the processing of verb-gapping sentences, e.g., John closes a juice bottle and Jim [ ] a lemonade bottle. The goal was to explore if there would be an interaction between language comprehension and motor action not only for overt action verbs but also for gapped verbs. Participants read gapping sentences that either described clockwise or counter-clockwise manual rotations (e.g., closes vs. opens a juice bottle). Adopting a paradigm developed by Zwaan and Taylor (2006), sentence presentation was frame-by-frame. Participants proceeded from frame to frame by turning a knob either clockwise or counter clockwise. Analyses of the frame reading-times yielded a significant effect of compatibility between the linguistically conveyed action and the knob turning for the overt-verb (e.g., closes/opens a juice bottle) as well as for the gapped-verb frame (e.g., a lemonade bottle) - with longer reading times in the match condition than in the mismatch condition - but not for any of the other frames (e.g., and Jim). The results are promising in providing novel evidence for the real-time reactivation of gapped verbs and in suggesting that action simulation is not bound to the processing of overt verbs. PMID:25103783

  20. Randomized approximate nearest neighbors algorithm.

    PubMed

    Jones, Peter Wilcox; Osipov, Andrei; Rokhlin, Vladimir

    2011-09-20

    We present a randomized algorithm for the approximate nearest neighbor problem in d-dimensional Euclidean space. Given N points {x(j)} in R(d), the algorithm attempts to find k nearest neighbors for each of x(j), where k is a user-specified integer parameter. The algorithm is iterative, and its running time requirements are proportional to T·N·(d·(log d) + k·(d + log k)·(log N)) + N·k(2)·(d + log k), with T the number of iterations performed. The memory requirements of the procedure are of the order N·(d + k). A by-product of the scheme is a data structure, permitting a rapid search for the k nearest neighbors among {x(j)} for an arbitrary point x ∈ R(d). The cost of each such query is proportional to T·(d·(log d) + log(N/k)·k·(d + log k)), and the memory requirements for the requisite data structure are of the order N·(d + k) + T·(d + N). The algorithm utilizes random rotations and a basic divide-and-conquer scheme, followed by a local graph search. We analyze the scheme's behavior for certain types of distributions of {x(j)} and illustrate its performance via several numerical examples.

  1. Explaining the gender wealth gap.

    PubMed

    Ruel, Erin; Hauser, Robert M

    2013-08-01

    To assess and explain the United States' gender wealth gap, we use the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study to examine wealth accumulated by a single cohort over 50 years by gender, by marital status, and limited to the respondents who are their family's best financial reporters. We find large gender wealth gaps between currently married men and women, and between never-married men and women. The never-married accumulate less wealth than the currently married, and there is a marital disruption cost to wealth accumulation. The status-attainment model shows the most power in explaining gender wealth gaps between these groups explaining about one-third to one-half of the gap, followed by the human-capital explanation. In other words, a lifetime of lower earnings for women translates into greatly reduced wealth accumulation. After controlling for the full model, we find that a gender wealth gap remains between married men and women that we speculate may be related to gender differences in investment strategies and selection effects.

  2. Field induced gap infrared detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elliott, C. Thomas (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A tunable infrared detector which employs a vanishing band gap semimetal material provided with an induced band gap by a magnetic field to allow intrinsic semiconductor type infrared detection capabilities is disclosed. The semimetal material may thus operate as a semiconductor type detector with a wavelength sensitivity corresponding to the induced band gap in a preferred embodiment of a diode structure. Preferred semimetal materials include Hg(1-x)Cd(x)Te, x is less than 0.15, HgCdSe, BiSb, alpha-Sn, HgMgTe, HgMnTe, HgZnTe, HgMnSe, HgMgSe, and HgZnSe. The magnetic field induces a band gap in the semimetal material proportional to the strength of the magnetic field allowing tunable detection cutoff wavelengths. For an applied magnetic field from 5 to 10 tesla, the wavelength detection cutoff will be in the range of 20 to 50 micrometers for Hg(1-x)Cd(x)Te alloys with x about 0.15. A similar approach may also be employed to generate infrared energy in a desired band gap and then operating the structure in a light emitting diode or semiconductor laser type of configuration.

  3. Crop yield gaps in Cameroon.

    PubMed

    Yengoh, Genesis T; Ardö, Jonas

    2014-03-01

    Although food crop yields per hectare have generally been increasing in Cameroon since 1961, the food price crisis of 2008 and the ensuing social unrest and fatalities raised concerns about the country's ability to meet the food needs of its population. This study examines the country's potential for increasing crop yields and food production to meet this food security challenge. Fuzzy set theory is used to develop a biophysical spatial suitability model for different crops, which in turn is employed to ascertain whether crop production is carried out in biophysically suited areas. We use linear regression to examine the trend of yield development over the last half century. On the basis of yield data from experimental stations and farmers' fields we assess the yield gap for major food crops. We find that yields have generally been increasing over the last half century and that agricultural policies can have significant effects on them. To a large extent, food crops are cultivated in areas that are biophysically suited for their cultivation, meaning that the yield gap is not a problem of biophysical suitability. Notwithstanding, there are significantly large yield gaps between actual yields on farmers' farms and maximum attainable yields from research stations. We conclude that agronomy and policies are likely to be the reasons for these large yield gaps. A key challenge to be addressed in closing the yield gaps is that of replenishing and properly managing soil nutrients.

  4. 36 CFR 1.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... issue a permit to authorize an otherwise prohibited or restricted activity or impose a public use limit..., environmental or scenic values, natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of...

  5. 36 CFR 1.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... issue a permit to authorize an otherwise prohibited or restricted activity or impose a public use limit..., environmental or scenic values, natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of...

  6. 36 CFR 1.6 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... issue a permit to authorize an otherwise prohibited or restricted activity or impose a public use limit..., environmental or scenic values, natural or cultural resources, scientific research, implementation of...

  7. 27 CFR 25.232 - Basic permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Beer Purchased From Another Brewer § 25.232 Basic permit. A brewer who engages in the business of purchasing beer for resale is required to possess a wholesaler's or...

  8. 50 CFR 36.41 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... educational institutions and other nonprofit organizations to conduct primarily environmental education... not apply to permits or applications for rights-of-way. See 50 CFR 29.22 for the hearing and...

  9. 27 CFR 25.232 - Basic permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Beer Purchased From Another Brewer § 25.232 Basic permit. A brewer who engages in the business of purchasing beer for resale is required to possess a wholesaler's or...

  10. 50 CFR 300.13 - Vessel permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... such authorization, because the vessel undermined the effectiveness of international conservation and... preceding application for a permit under this section, withdrew such authorization, because the vessel undermined the effectiveness of international conservation and management measures. (2) The restrictions...

  11. 50 CFR 300.13 - Vessel permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... such authorization, because the vessel undermined the effectiveness of international conservation and... preceding application for a permit under this section, withdrew such authorization, because the vessel undermined the effectiveness of international conservation and management measures. (2) The restrictions...

  12. 9 CFR 98.13 - Import permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.13 Import permit. (a) Ruminant and swine embryos and all test samples required by...

  13. 9 CFR 98.13 - Import permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.13 Import permit. (a) Ruminant and swine embryos and all test samples required by...

  14. 9 CFR 98.13 - Import permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.13 Import permit. (a) Ruminant and swine embryos and all test samples required by...

  15. 9 CFR 98.13 - Import permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.13 Import permit. (a) Ruminant and swine embryos and all test samples required by...

  16. 9 CFR 98.13 - Import permit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos From Regions Where Rinderpest or Foot-and-Mouth Disease Exists § 98.13 Import permit. (a) Ruminant and swine embryos and all test samples required by...

  17. 50 CFR 19.31 - State permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... or harassing of wildlife for purposes of administering or protecting land, water, wildlife, livestock, domestic animals, human life or crops. States may not issue permits for the purpose of sport hunting....

  18. 40 CFR 71.24 - Permit applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....24 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... under paragraph (e)(2) of this section. Applications for permit revision need supply the information... company name, telephone number, and address (or plant name, telephone number, and address if...

  19. 40 CFR 25.9 - Permit enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT, THE SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT, AND THE CLEAN WATER ACT § 25.9 Permit... effort in reporting violations shall be encouraged, and the agency shall make available information...

  20. 40 CFR 233.23 - Permit conditions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., including the 404(b)(1) Guidelines, applicable section 303 water quality standards, and applicable section... of the permit.) (8) Inspection and entry. The permittee shall allow the Director, or his...

  1. 50 CFR 36.41 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... not apply to permits or applications for rights-of-way. See 50 CFR 29.22 for the hearing and appeals... Dillingham. Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Bethel. Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge Fairbanks....

  2. 50 CFR 36.41 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... not apply to permits or applications for rights-of-way. See 50 CFR 29.22 for the hearing and appeals... Dillingham. Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Bethel. Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge Fairbanks....

  3. 40 CFR 71.9 - Permit fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Consumer Price Index. (2) Part 71 permit program costs and fees will be reviewed by the... Administrator, the changes will be published in the Federal Register. (o) Use of revenue. All fees,...

  4. 40 CFR 72.84 - Automatic permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Automatic permit amendment. 72.84 Section 72.84 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.84 Automatic permit amendment. The following permit revisions shall be deemed to amend...

  5. 40 CFR 72.83 - Administrative permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.83 Administrative permit amendment. (a) Acid Rain permit... Acid Rain permit, of commencement of operation of qualifying Phase I technology, provided that they are in accordance with § 72.42 of this part; (9) Changes in the date, specified in a new unit's Acid...

  6. 40 CFR 72.83 - Administrative permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.83 Administrative permit amendment. (a) Acid Rain permit... Acid Rain permit, of commencement of operation of qualifying Phase I technology, provided that they are in accordance with § 72.42 of this part; (9) Changes in the date, specified in a new unit's Acid...

  7. 40 CFR 72.83 - Administrative permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.83 Administrative permit amendment. (a) Acid Rain permit... Acid Rain permit, of commencement of operation of qualifying Phase I technology, provided that they are in accordance with § 72.42 of this part; (9) Changes in the date, specified in a new unit's Acid...

  8. 40 CFR 72.83 - Administrative permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.83 Administrative permit amendment. (a) Acid Rain permit... Acid Rain permit, of commencement of operation of qualifying Phase I technology, provided that they are in accordance with § 72.42 of this part; (9) Changes in the date, specified in a new unit's Acid...

  9. 40 CFR 72.83 - Administrative permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.83 Administrative permit amendment. (a) Acid Rain permit... Acid Rain permit, of commencement of operation of qualifying Phase I technology, provided that they are in accordance with § 72.42 of this part; (9) Changes in the date, specified in a new unit's Acid...

  10. 30 CFR 773.10 - Review of permit history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Review of permit history. 773.10 Section 773.10... REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING § 773.10 Review of permit history. (a) We, the regulatory authority, will rely upon the permit history information you, the applicant, submit under § 778.12 of...

  11. 30 CFR 773.10 - Review of permit history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Review of permit history. 773.10 Section 773.10... REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING § 773.10 Review of permit history. (a) We, the regulatory authority, will rely upon the permit history information you, the applicant, submit under § 778.12 of...

  12. 30 CFR 773.10 - Review of permit history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Review of permit history. 773.10 Section 773.10... REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING § 773.10 Review of permit history. (a) We, the regulatory authority, will rely upon the permit history information you, the applicant, submit under § 778.12 of...

  13. 30 CFR 773.10 - Review of permit history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Review of permit history. 773.10 Section 773.10... REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING § 773.10 Review of permit history. (a) We, the regulatory authority, will rely upon the permit history information you, the applicant, submit under § 778.12 of...

  14. 15 CFR 930.59 - Multiple permit review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Multiple permit review. 930.59 Section... a Federal License or Permit § 930.59 Multiple permit review. (a) Applicants shall, to the extent... “one-stop” multiple permit review for consolidated permits to minimize duplication of effort and...

  15. 50 CFR 635.4 - Permits and fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... business. A dealer must present the permit or a copy for inspection upon the request of a NMFS-authorized..., or swordfish permit; and/or the shark research permit to the first receiver. The permit(s) must...

  16. 40 CFR 72.84 - Automatic permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Automatic permit amendment. 72.84 Section 72.84 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.84 Automatic permit amendment. The following permit revisions shall be deemed to amend...

  17. 25 CFR 161.304 - Must a permit be recorded?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Must a permit be recorded? 161.304 Section 161.304 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER NAVAJO PARTITIONED LANDS GRAZING PERMITS Permit Requirements § 161.304 Must a permit be recorded? A permit must be recorded by...

  18. 30 CFR 773.10 - Review of permit history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review of permit history. 773.10 Section 773.10... REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING § 773.10 Review of permit history. (a) We, the regulatory authority, will rely upon the permit history information you, the applicant, submit under § 778.12 of...

  19. 40 CFR 72.84 - Automatic permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Automatic permit amendment. 72.84 Section 72.84 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.84 Automatic permit amendment. The following permit revisions shall be deemed to amend...

  20. 40 CFR 72.84 - Automatic permit amendment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Automatic permit amendment. 72.84 Section 72.84 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Permit Revisions § 72.84 Automatic permit amendment. The following permit revisions shall be deemed to amend...

  1. Evaluation of TCP congestion control algorithms.

    SciTech Connect

    Long, Robert Michael

    2003-12-01

    Sandia, Los Alamos, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories currently deploy high speed, Wide Area Network links to permit remote access to their Supercomputer systems. The current TCP congestion algorithm does not take full advantage of high delay, large bandwidth environments. This report involves evaluating alternative TCP congestion algorithms and comparing them with the currently used congestion algorithm. The goal was to find if an alternative algorithm could provide higher throughput with minimal impact on existing network traffic. The alternative congestion algorithms used were Scalable TCP and High-Speed TCP. Network lab experiments were run to record the performance of each algorithm under different network configurations. The network configurations used were back-to-back with no delay, back-to-back with a 30ms delay, and two-to-one with a 30ms delay. The performance of each algorithm was then compared to the existing TCP congestion algorithm to determine if an acceptable alternative had been found. Comparisons were made based on throughput, stability, and fairness.

  2. Virtual gap dielectric wall accelerator

    DOEpatents

    Caporaso, George James; Chen, Yu-Jiuan; Nelson, Scott; Sullivan, Jim; Hawkins, Steven A

    2013-11-05

    A virtual, moving accelerating gap is formed along an insulating tube in a dielectric wall accelerator (DWA) by locally controlling the conductivity of the tube. Localized voltage concentration is thus achieved by sequential activation of a variable resistive tube or stalk down the axis of an inductive voltage adder, producing a "virtual" traveling wave along the tube. The tube conductivity can be controlled at a desired location, which can be moved at a desired rate, by light illumination, or by photoconductive switches, or by other means. As a result, an impressed voltage along the tube appears predominantly over a local region, the virtual gap. By making the length of the tube large in comparison to the virtual gap length, the effective gain of the accelerator can be made very large.

  3. Direct band gap silicon allotropes.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qianqian; Xu, Bo; Sun, Jian; Liu, Hanyu; Zhao, Zhisheng; Yu, Dongli; Fan, Changzeng; He, Julong

    2014-07-16

    Elemental silicon has a large impact on the economy of the modern world and is of fundamental importance in the technological field, particularly in solar cell industry. The great demand of society for new clean energy and the shortcomings of the current silicon solar cells are calling for new materials that can make full use of the solar power. In this paper, six metastable allotropes of silicon with direct or quasidirect band gaps of 0.39-1.25 eV are predicted by ab initio calculations at ambient pressure. Five of them possess band gaps within the optimal range for high converting efficiency from solar energy to electric power and also have better optical properties than the Si-I phase. These Si structures with different band gaps could be applied to multiple p-n junction photovoltaic modules.

  4. ABORT GAP CLEANING IN RHIC.

    SciTech Connect

    DREES,A.; AHRENS,L.; III FLILLER,R.; GASSNER,D.; MCINTYRE,G.T.; MICHNOFF,R.; TRBOJEVIC,D.

    2002-06-03

    During the RHIC Au-run in 2001 the 200 MHz storage cavity system was used for the first time. The rebucketing procedure caused significant beam debunching in addition to amplifying debunching due to other mechanisms. At the end of a four hour store, debunched beam could account for approximately 30%-40% of the total beam intensity. Some of it will be in the abort gap. In order to minimize the risk of magnet quenching due to uncontrolled beam losses at the time of a beam dump, a combination of a fast transverse kicker and copper collimators were used to clean the abort gap. This report gives an overview of the gap cleaning procedure and the achieved performance.

  5. Has operating permitting really changed with Title V? Reflecting on the Title V operating permit program

    SciTech Connect

    Goldstein, D.R.; Cressman, A.W.

    1999-07-01

    Now that some state regulatory agencies are reviewing Title V permit applications and issuing permits, evaluation of the process can be made in comparison with the original goals of the Title V permitting program. In addition, assessment of the terms and conditions that are being incorporated into permits, the nature of draft permits that are issued to facilities for comment, and the extent and type of negotiation that have been conducted with agencies to develop successful Title V permits, will be helpful for facilities that are currently undergoing application review. In working with a Fortune 500 surface coating company, fourteen Title V permit applications were developed and submitted for plants located in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Illinois, Georgia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Indiana and southern California. Draft permits have been issued for several of the plants, and differences in the terms and conditions, testing requirements, and permit format and structure have been noted between states. One of the issued permits required modification, and the process was one of the first for this state agency.

  6. Folk Belief Theory, the Rigor Gap, and the Achievement Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torff, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    Folk belief theory is suggested as a primary cause for the persistence of the achievement gap. In this research-supported theory, culturally specified folk beliefs about learning and teaching prompt educators to direct more rigorous curriculum to high-advantage students but not to low-advantage students, resulting in impoverished pedagogy in…

  7. Minority Gaps Smaller in Some Pentagon Schools. The Achievement Gap.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra

    2000-01-01

    This third in a four-part series on why academic achievement gaps exist explains how U.S. Department of Defense schools for children of military families offer lessons on how to raise academic achievement among minority students. Minority students in these schools do better than their counterparts almost anywhere in the United States on…

  8. Gearing up for Title 5 operating permits

    SciTech Connect

    Klaber, K.; Weiss, K. )

    1994-06-01

    Title 5 of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) establishes a massive new operating permit program, which will be administered by state agencies in accordance with federal guidelines. Formal requirements regarding operating-permits were promulgated by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on July 21, 1992 (40 CFR 70). The Title 5 program will require many chemical manufacturing facilities to apply for and obtain operating permits that address air emissions from the entire facility. A major impact of the Title 5 program is that facilities will now be required to implement measures to routinely demonstrate that they are operating in compliance with the terms of the permit. Otherwise, facilities will be considered out of compliance. Once the new permits are in place, the burden will be on the facility to prove routine compliance to prevent any enforcement action. According to EPA, the new permits are not intended to impose any new regulatory requirements on a facility. Rather, they will serve as an enforcement tool.

  9. Closing the Certification Gaps in Adaptive Flight Control Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jacklin, Stephen A.

    2008-01-01

    Over the last five decades, extensive research has been performed to design and develop adaptive control systems for aerospace systems and other applications where the capability to change controller behavior at different operating conditions is highly desirable. Although adaptive flight control has been partially implemented through the use of gain-scheduled control, truly adaptive control systems using learning algorithms and on-line system identification methods have not seen commercial deployment. The reason is that the certification process for adaptive flight control software for use in national air space has not yet been decided. The purpose of this paper is to examine the gaps between the state-of-the-art methodologies used to certify conventional (i.e., non-adaptive) flight control system software and what will likely to be needed to satisfy FAA airworthiness requirements. These gaps include the lack of a certification plan or process guide, the need to develop verification and validation tools and methodologies to analyze adaptive controller stability and convergence, as well as the development of metrics to evaluate adaptive controller performance at off-nominal flight conditions. This paper presents the major certification gap areas, a description of the current state of the verification methodologies, and what further research efforts will likely be needed to close the gaps remaining in current certification practices. It is envisioned that closing the gap will require certain advances in simulation methods, comprehensive methods to determine learning algorithm stability and convergence rates, the development of performance metrics for adaptive controllers, the application of formal software assurance methods, the application of on-line software monitoring tools for adaptive controller health assessment, and the development of a certification case for adaptive system safety of flight.

  10. Evaluating ACLS Algorithms for the International Space Station (ISS) - A Paradigm Revisited

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alexander, Dave; Brandt, Keith; Locke, James; Hurst, Victor, IV; Mack, Michael D.; Pettys, Marianne; Smart, Kieran

    2007-01-01

    The ISS may have communication gaps of up to 45 minutes during each orbit and therefore it is imperative to have medical protocols, including an effective ACLS algorithm, that can be reliably autonomously executed during flight. The aim of this project was to compare the effectiveness of the current ACLS algorithm with an improved algorithm having a new navigation format.

  11. 40 CFR 124.203 - How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to a standardized permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... RCRA permit to a standardized permit? 124.203 Section 124.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS PROCEDURES FOR DECISIONMAKING Procedures for RCRA Standardized Permit Applying for A Standardized Permit § 124.203 How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to...

  12. 40 CFR 124.203 - How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to a standardized permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... RCRA permit to a standardized permit? 124.203 Section 124.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS PROCEDURES FOR DECISIONMAKING Procedures for RCRA Standardized Permit Applying for A Standardized Permit § 124.203 How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to...

  13. 40 CFR 124.203 - How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to a standardized permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... RCRA permit to a standardized permit? 124.203 Section 124.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS PROCEDURES FOR DECISIONMAKING Procedures for RCRA Standardized Permit Applying for A Standardized Permit § 124.203 How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to...

  14. 40 CFR 124.203 - How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to a standardized permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... RCRA permit to a standardized permit? 124.203 Section 124.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS PROCEDURES FOR DECISIONMAKING Procedures for RCRA Standardized Permit Applying for A Standardized Permit § 124.203 How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to...

  15. 40 CFR 124.203 - How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to a standardized permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... RCRA permit to a standardized permit? 124.203 Section 124.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS PROCEDURES FOR DECISIONMAKING Procedures for RCRA Standardized Permit Applying for A Standardized Permit § 124.203 How may I switch from my individual RCRA permit to...

  16. 9 CFR 78.2 - Handling of certificates, permits, and “S” brand permits for interstate movement of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... âSâ brand permits for interstate movement of animals. 78.2 Section 78.2 Animals and Animal Products... certificates, permits, and “S” brand permits for interstate movement of animals. (a) Any certificate, permit, or “S” brand permit required by this part for the interstate movement of animals shall be...

  17. 9 CFR 78.2 - Handling of certificates, permits, and “S” brand permits for interstate movement of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... âSâ brand permits for interstate movement of animals. 78.2 Section 78.2 Animals and Animal Products... certificates, permits, and “S” brand permits for interstate movement of animals. (a) Any certificate, permit, or “S” brand permit required by this part for the interstate movement of animals shall be...

  18. Algorithmic chemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Fontana, W.

    1990-12-13

    In this paper complex adaptive systems are defined by a self- referential loop in which objects encode functions that act back on these objects. A model for this loop is presented. It uses a simple recursive formal language, derived from the lambda-calculus, to provide a semantics that maps character strings into functions that manipulate symbols on strings. The interaction between two functions, or algorithms, is defined naturally within the language through function composition, and results in the production of a new function. An iterated map acting on sets of functions and a corresponding graph representation are defined. Their properties are useful to discuss the behavior of a fixed size ensemble of randomly interacting functions. This function gas'', or Turning gas'', is studied under various conditions, and evolves cooperative interaction patterns of considerable intricacy. These patterns adapt under the influence of perturbations consisting in the addition of new random functions to the system. Different organizations emerge depending on the availability of self-replicators.

  19. 40 CFR 144.40 - Termination of permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM Authorization by Permit § 144.40 Termination of permits. (a) The... in the application or during the permit issuance process to disclose fully all relevant facts, or...

  20. 27 CFR 22.58 - Automatic termination of permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... After Original Qualification § 22.58 Automatic termination of permits. (a) Permit not transferable. Permits issued under this part are not transferable. In the event of the lease, sale, or other transfer...