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Sample records for aligned mesoporous silica

  1. Complete magnesiothermic reduction reaction of vertically aligned mesoporous silica channels to form pure silicon nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kyoung Hwan; Lee, Dong Jin; Cho, Kyeong Min; Kim, Seon Joon; Park, Jung-Ki; Jung, Hee-Tae

    2015-01-01

    Owing to its simplicity and low temperature conditions, magnesiothermic reduction of silica is one of the most powerful methods for producing silicon nanostructures. However, incomplete reduction takes place in this process leaving unconverted silica under the silicon layer. This phenomenon limits the use of this method for the rational design of silicon structures. In this effort, a technique that enables complete magnesiothermic reduction of silica to form silicon has been developed. The procedure involves magnesium promoted reduction of vertically oriented mesoporous silica channels on reduced graphene oxides (rGO) sheets. The mesopores play a significant role in effectively enabling magnesium gas to interact with silica through a large number of reaction sites. Utilizing this approach, highly uniform, ca. 10 nm sized silicon nanoparticles are generated without contamination by unreacted silica. The new method for complete magnesiothermic reduction of mesoporous silica approach provides a foundation for the rational design of silicon structures. PMID:25757800

  2. Multifunctional mesoporous silica catalyst

    DOEpatents

    Lin, Victor Shang-Yi; Tsai, Chih-Hsiang; Chen, Hung-Ting; Pruski, Marek; Kobayashi, Takeshi

    2015-03-31

    The present invention provides bifunctional silica mesoporous materials, including mesoporous silica nanoparticles ("MSN"), having pores modified with diarylammonium triflate and perfluoroaryl moieties, that are useful for the acid-catalyzed esterification of organic acids with organic alcohols.

  3. Controlling the shape and alignment of mesopores by confinement in colloidal crystals: designer pathways to silica monoliths with hierarchical porosity.

    PubMed

    Li, Fan; Wang, Zhiyong; Ergang, Nicholas S; Fyfe, Colin A; Stein, Andreas

    2007-03-27

    Monolithic pieces of hierarchically structured silica, containing both periodic macropores and mesopores with well-controlled architecture, are synthesized by dual templating methods. Colloidal crystal templating with close-packed arrays of poly(methyl methacrylate) spheres yields regular, highly interconnected macropores a few hundred nanometers in diameter, and templating with nonionic surfactants produces mesoporosity (2.5-5.1 nm pore diameters) in the macropore walls. Several distinct mesostructures can be achieved within the silica skeleton, depending on the choice of surfactant, co-surfactant, and processing conditions. In the three-dimensional (3D) confinement of the colloidal crystal template, wormlike channels, cubic (Pm3n), or two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal (P6mm) mesostructures are produced with the surfactant Brij 56 (C16H33(OCH2CH2)nOH (n approximately 10) and dodecane as cosurfactant. In the 2D hexagonal structure, channels are oriented perpendicular to the polymer spheres, thereby connecting adjacent macropores through the silica walls. This orientation contrasts with channel alignment parallel to latex spheres when the polymeric surfactant Pluronic P123 (EO20PO70EO20) is used. On the basis of high-resolution 3D transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, and nitrogen sorption measurements, structural and textural properties of the monoliths are described in detail as a function of the synthesis parameters. The control over the mesoarchitecture of these silica-surfactant systems in 3D confinement is explained by considering the relative dimensions of the mesostructures with respect to the interstitial space in the latex template, interfacial interactions, entropic effects, and structural frustration.

  4. Aligned mesoporous architectures and devices.

    SciTech Connect

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Lu, Yunfeng

    2011-03-01

    This is the final report for the Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering - PECASE (LDRD projects 93369 and 118841) awarded to Professor Yunfeng Lu (Tulane University and University of California-Los Angeles). During the last decade, mesoporous materials with tunable periodic pores have been synthesized using surfactant liquid crystalline as templates, opening a new avenue for a wide spectrum of applications. However, the applications are somewhat limited by the unfavorabe pore orientation of these materials. Although substantial effort has been devoted to align the pore channels, fabrication of mesoporous materials with perpendicular pore channels remains challenging. This project focused on fabrication of mesoporous materials with perpendicularly aligned pore channels. We demonstrated structures for use in water purification, separation, sensors, templated synthesis, microelectronics, optics, controlled release, and highly selective catalysts.

  5. Cellular membrane trafficking of mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Fang, I-Ju

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation mainly focuses on the investigation of the cellular membrane trafficking of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. We are interested in the study of endocytosis and exocytosis behaviors of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with desired surface functionality. The relationship between mesoporous silica nanoparticles and membrane trafficking of cells, either cancerous cells or normal cells was examined. Since mesoporous silica nanoparticles were applied in many drug delivery cases, the endocytotic efficiency of mesoporous silica nanoparticles needs to be investigated in more details in order to design the cellular drug delivery system in the controlled way. It is well known that cells can engulf some molecules outside of the cells through a receptor-ligand associated endocytosis. We are interested to determine if those biomolecules binding to cell surface receptors can be utilized on mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials to improve the uptake efficiency or govern the mechanism of endocytosis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) is a small peptide recognized by cell integrin receptors and it was reported that avidin internalization was highly promoted by tumor lectin. Both RGD and avidin were linked to the surface of mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials to investigate the effect of receptor-associated biomolecule on cellular endocytosis efficiency. The effect of ligand types, ligand conformation and ligand density were discussed in Chapter 2 and 3. Furthermore, the exocytosis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles is very attractive for biological applications. The cellular protein sequestration study of mesoporous silica nanoparticles was examined for further information of the intracellular pathway of endocytosed mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials. The surface functionality of mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials demonstrated selectivity among the materials and cancer and normal cell lines. We aimed to determine

  6. Sample Desorption/Onization From Mesoporous Silica

    DOEpatents

    Iyer, Srinivas; Dattelbaum, Andrew M.

    2005-10-25

    Mesoporous silica is shown to be a sample holder for laser desorption/ionization of mass spectrometry. Supported mesoporous silica was prepared by coating an ethanolic silicate solution having a removable surfactant onto a substrate to produce a self-assembled, ordered, nanocomposite silica thin film. The surfactant was chosen to provide a desired pore size between about 1 nanometer diameter and 50 nanometers diameter. Removal of the surfactant resulted in a mesoporous silica thin film on the substrate. Samples having a molecular weight below 1000, such as C.sub.60 and tryptophan, were adsorbed onto and into the mesoporous silica thin film sample holder and analyzed using laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.

  7. Non-destructively shattered mesoporous silica for protein drug delivery

    SciTech Connect

    Lei, Chenghong; Chen, Baowei; Li, Xiaolin; Qi, Wen N.; Liu, Jun

    2013-07-15

    Mesoporous silicas have been extensively used for entrapping small chemical molecules and biomacromolecules. We hypothesize that the loading density of biomacromlecules such as proteins in mesoporous silicas could be limited due to mesopore disorderness and depth because of some pore volume inaccessible. We innovatively shattered mesoporous silicas resulting in reduced particle sizes and improved intramesoporous structures in aqueous solution by a powerful sonication, where the mesoporous structures were still well maintained. The sonication-shattered mesoporous silicas can allow protein loading densities to be increased by more than 170%, demonstrating that significantly more mesoporous room of the silicas could become accessible for biomacromolecule loading after the sonication-shattering.

  8. Ecodesign of ordered mesoporous silica materials.

    PubMed

    Gérardin, Corine; Reboul, Julien; Bonne, Magali; Lebeau, Bénédicte

    2013-05-07

    Characterized by a regular porosity in terms of pore size and pore network arrangement, ordered mesoporous solids have attracted increasing interest in the last two decades. These materials have been identified as potential candidates for several applications. However, more environmentally friendly and economical synthesis routes of mesoporous silica materials were found to be necessary in order to develop these applications on an industrial scale. Consequently, ecodesign of ordered mesoporous silica has been considerably developed with the objective of optimizing the chemistry and the processing aspects of the material synthesis. In this review, the main strategies developed with this aim are presented and discussed.

  9. Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Films for Cargo Delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guardado Alvarez, Tania Maria

    -IR photoredox-induced nanoparticle delivery system that may lead to a new type of photodynamic drug release therapy. Chapter 4 focuses on the attachment of a photoacid molecule on the surface of silica nanoparticles. Upon light irradiation the pKa of the photoacid molecules decreases causing the dissociation of the proton and the acidification of the nanoparticle surface. The local nanoparticle surface acidification was probed using a pH sensitive nanovalve that was attached to MSNs next to a photoacid. The particles were loaded with a fluorescent dye that was contained by the naovalve and released upon acidification of the surrounding environment. The amount of the dye release was measure continuously by detecting its fluorescence. Chapter 5 focuses on the synthesis of materials that utilize the micropatterned structure of a mesoporous silica film to successfully load and release cargo using a thermal sensitive polymer. Films with pore sizes of ˜2 and ˜5 nm aligned in the pulling direction were synthesized using evaporation induced self-assembly techniques. The pores are exposed using a new method of stamping micropatterns without the use hydrofluoric acid. A well-studied temperature dependent polymer [poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide)] was grafted onto the surface of these films to act as a temperature activated gatekeeper. Below the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) the polymer is erect and can block the pore openings, trapping cargo inside the pores. When the temperature is above the LCST the polymer collapses and unblocks the pores, allowing cargo to escape. The loading capacities as well as the reusability of these films were studied.

  10. Targeted mesoporous silica nanocarriers in oncology.

    PubMed

    Baeza, Alejandro; Vallet-Regí, Maria

    2016-06-02

    Cancer is one of the major leading causes of death worldwide and its prevalence will be higher in the coming years due to the progressive aging of the population. The development of nanocarriers in oncology has provided a new hope in the fight against this terrible disease. Among the different types of nanoparticles which have been described, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) constitute a very promising material due to their inherent properties as high loading capacity of many different drugs, excellent biocompatibility and easiness functionalization. This review presents the current state of the art related with the development of mesoporous silica nanocarriers for antitumoral therapy paying special attention on targeted MSN able to selectively destroy tumoral cells reducing the side damage in healthy ones, and the basic principles of targeting tumoral tissues and cells.

  11. Biodegradation-tunable mesoporous silica nanorods for controlled drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Park, Sung Bum; Joo, Young-Ho; Kim, Hyunryung; Ryu, WonHyoung; Park, Yong-il

    2015-05-01

    Mesoporous silica in the forms of micro- or nanoparticles showed great potentials in the field of controlled drug delivery. However, for precision control of drug release from mesoporous silica-based delivery systems, it is critical to control the rate of biodegradation. Thus, in this study, we demonstrate a simple and robust method to fabricate "biodegradation-tunable" mesoporous silica nanorods based on capillary wetting of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template with an aqueous alkoxide precursor solution. The porosity and nanostructure of silica nanorods were conveniently controlled by adjusting the water/alkoxide molar ratio of precursor solutions, heat-treatment temperature, and Na addition. The porosity and biodegradation kinetics of the fabricated mesoporous nanorods were analyzed using N2 adsorption/desorption isotherm, TGA, DTA, and XRD. Finally, the performance of the mesoporous silica nanorods as drug delivery carrier was demonstrated with initial burst and subsequent "zero-order" release of anti-cancer drug, doxorubicin.

  12. (129)Xe NMR of Mesoporous Silicas

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, M.T.; Asink, R.A.; Kneller, J.M.; Pietrass, T.

    1999-04-23

    The porosities of three mesoporous silica materials were characterized with {sup 129}Xe NMR spectroscopy. The materials were synthesized by a sol-gel process with r = 0, 25, and 70% methanol by weight in an aqueous cetyltrimethylammonium bromide solution. Temperature dependent chemical shifts and spin lattice relaxation times reveal that xenon does not penetrate the pores of the largely disordered (r= 70%) silica. For both r = 0 and 25%, temperature dependent resonances corresponding to physisorbed xenon were observed. An additional resonance for the r = 25% sample was attributed to xenon between the disordered cylindrical pores. 2D NMR exchange experiments corroborate the spin lattice relaxation data which show that xenon is in rapid exchange between the adsorbed and the gas phase.

  13. Gated Silica Mesoporous Materials in Sensing Applications

    PubMed Central

    Sancenón, Félix; Pascual, Lluís; Oroval, Mar; Aznar, Elena; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón

    2015-01-01

    Silica mesoporous supports (SMSs) have a large specific surface area and volume and are particularly exciting vehicles for delivery applications. Such container-like structures can be loaded with numerous different chemical substances, such as drugs and reporters. Gated systems also contain addressable functions at openings of voids, and cargo delivery can be controlled on-command using chemical, biochemical or physical stimuli. Many of these gated SMSs have been applied for drug delivery. However, fewer examples of their use in sensing protocols have been reported. The approach of applying SMSs in sensing uses another concept—that of loading pores with a reporter and designing a capping mechanism that is selectively opened in the presence of a target analyte, which results in the delivery of the reporter. According to this concept, we provide herein a complete compilation of published examples of probes based on the use of capped SMSs for sensing. Examples for the detection of anions, cations, small molecules and biomolecules are provided. The diverse range of gated silica mesoporous materials presented here highlights their usefulness in recognition protocols. PMID:26491626

  14. Phosphoryl functionalized mesoporous silica for uranium adsorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xue, Guo; Yurun, Feng; Li, Ma; Dezhi, Gao; Jie, Jing; Jincheng, Yu; Haibin, Sun; Hongyu, Gong; Yujun, Zhang

    2017-04-01

    Phosphoryl functionalized mesoporous silica (TBP-SBA-15) was synthesized by modified mesoporous silica with γ-amino propyl triethoxy silane and tributyl phosphate. The obtained samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small angle X-ray diffraction (SAXRD), thermo-gravimetric/differential thermalanalyzer (TG/DTA), N2 adsorption-desorption (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. Results showed that TBP-SBA-15 had large surface areas with ordered channel structure. Moreover, the effects of adsorption time, sorbent dose, solution pH, initial uranium concentration and temperature on the uranium adsorption behaviors were investigated. TBP-SBA-15 showed a high uranium adsorption capacity in a broad range of pH values. The U(VI) adsorption rate of TBP-SBA-15 was fast and nearly achieved completion in 10 min with the sorbent dose of 1 g/L. The U(VI) adsorption of TBP-SBA-15 followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isotherm model, indicating that the process was belonged to chemical adsorption. Furthermore, the thermodynamic parameters (ΔG0, ΔH0 and ΔS0) confirmed that the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous.

  15. Nanostructured mesoporous silica matrices in nanomedicine.

    PubMed

    Vallet-Regí, M

    2010-01-01

    In the last few years the biomedical research field has shown a growing interest towards nanostructured mesoporous silica materials, whose chemical composition is silica and present nanometric pores. These bioceramics exhibit two important features: they can regenerate osseous tissues--the bond bioactivity of these materials has been confirmed by the formation of biological-like nanoapatites on their surface when in contact with physiological fluids--and they are able to act as controlled release systems. Drugs in the nanometre scale can be loaded on those matrices and then locally released in a controlled fashion. It is possible to chemically modify the silica walls to favour the adsorption of certain biomolecules such as peptides, proteins or growth factors. It is even possible to design smart biomaterials where the drug is released under an external stimulus. Thus, looking at all those properties, a question arises: Have these bioceramics good expectations to be used in clinical medical practice? Their biocompatibility, bioactivity, capacity to regenerate bone and ability to act as controlled release systems of biologically active species have been confirmed. In fact, their preliminary in vitro and in vivo essays have been positive. Now it is the time to adequate all these properties to the actual clinical problems, and to evaluate their efficiency in comparison with materials already known and currently employed such as bioglasses.

  16. Functionalized bimodal mesoporous silicas as carriers for controlled aspirin delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Lin; Sun, Jihong; Li, Yuzhen

    2011-08-01

    The bimodal mesoporous silica modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane was performed as the aspirin carrier. The samples' structure, drug loading and release profiles were characterized with X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, N 2 adsorption and desorption, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, TG analysis, elemental analysis and UV-spectrophotometer. For further exploring the effects of the bimodal mesopores on the drug delivery behavior, the unimodal mesoporous material MCM-41 was also modified as the aspirin carrier. Meantime, Korsmeyer-Peppas equation ft= ktn was employed to analyze the dissolution data in details. It is indicated that the bimodal mesopores are beneficial for unrestricted drug molecules diffusing and therefore lead to a higher loading and faster releasing than that of MCM-41. The results show that the aspirin delivery properties are influenced considerably by the mesoporous matrix, whereas the large pore of bimodal mesoporous silica is the key point for the improved controlled-release properties.

  17. Incorporation of anti-inflammatory agent into mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodrigues Braz, Wilson; Lamec Rocha, Natállia; de Faria, Emerson H.; Silva, Márcio L. A. e.; Ciuffi, Katia J.; Tavares, Denise C.; Furtado, Ricardo Andrade; Rocha, Lucas A.; Nassar, Eduardo J.

    2016-09-01

    The unique properties of macroporous, mesoporous, and microporous systems, including their ability to accommodate molecules of different sizes inside their pores and to act as drug delivery systems, have been the object of extensive studies. In this work, mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure was obtained by template synthesis via the sol-gel process. The resulting material was used as support to accommodate the anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin. The alkaline route was used to prepare the mesoporous silica; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide was employed as porogenic agent. The silica particles were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane alkoxide (APTES) by the sol-gel post-synthesis method. Indomethacin was incorporated into the silica functionalized with APTES and into non-functionalized silica. The resulting systems were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), specific area, infrared spectroscopy, and thermal analyses (TGA). XRD attested to formation of mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure. This structure remained after silica functionalization with APTES and incorporation of indomethacin. Typical infrared spectroscopy vibrations and organic material decomposition during TGA confirmed silica functionalization and drug incorporation. The specific surface area and pore volume of the functionalized material incorporated with indomethacin decreased as compared with the specific surface area and pore volume of the non-functionalized silica containing no drug, suggesting both the functionalizing agent and the drug were present in the silica. Cytotoxicity tests conducted on normal fibroblasts (GM0479A) cells attested that the silica matrix containing indomethacin was less toxic than the free drug.

  18. Incorporation of anti-inflammatory agent into mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Braz, Wilson Rodrigues; Rocha, Natállia Lamec; de Faria, Emerson H; Silva, Márcio L A E; Ciuffi, Katia J; Tavares, Denise C; Furtado, Ricardo Andrade; Rocha, Lucas A; Nassar, Eduardo J

    2016-09-23

    The unique properties of macroporous, mesoporous, and microporous systems, including their ability to accommodate molecules of different sizes inside their pores and to act as drug delivery systems, have been the object of extensive studies. In this work, mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure was obtained by template synthesis via the sol-gel process. The resulting material was used as support to accommodate the anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin. The alkaline route was used to prepare the mesoporous silica; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide was employed as porogenic agent. The silica particles were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane alkoxide (APTES) by the sol-gel post-synthesis method. Indomethacin was incorporated into the silica functionalized with APTES and into non-functionalized silica. The resulting systems were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), specific area, infrared spectroscopy, and thermal analyses (TGA). XRD attested to formation of mesoporous silica with hexagonal structure. This structure remained after silica functionalization with APTES and incorporation of indomethacin. Typical infrared spectroscopy vibrations and organic material decomposition during TGA confirmed silica functionalization and drug incorporation. The specific surface area and pore volume of the functionalized material incorporated with indomethacin decreased as compared with the specific surface area and pore volume of the non-functionalized silica containing no drug, suggesting both the functionalizing agent and the drug were present in the silica. Cytotoxicity tests conducted on normal fibroblasts (GM0479A) cells attested that the silica matrix containing indomethacin was less toxic than the free drug.

  19. Grafting Sulfated Zirconia on Mesoporous Silica

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Yong; Lee, Kwan Young; Choi, Saemin; Liu, Jun; Wang, Li Q.; Peden, Charles HF

    2007-06-01

    Sulfated zirconia has received considerable attention as a potential solid acid catalyst in recent years. In this paper, the preparation and properties of acid catalysts obtained by grafting ziconia with atomic precision on MCM-41 mesoporous silica were studied. TEM and potential titration characterizations revealed that ZrO2/MCM-41 with monolayer coverage can be obtained using this grafting technique. Sulfated ZrO2/MCM-41 exhibits improved thermal stability than that of bulk sulfated zirconia, as evidenced by temperature programmed characterizations and XRD analysis. Temperature programmed reaction of isopropanol was used to evaluate the acidity of sulfated ZrO2/MCM-41. It was found that the acid strength of sulfated ZrO2/MCM-41 with monolayer coverage is weaker than bulk sulfated zirconia but stronger than SiO2-Al2O3, a common strong acid catalyst.

  20. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles inhibit cellular respiration.

    PubMed

    Tao, Zhimin; Morrow, Matthew P; Asefa, Tewodros; Sharma, Krishna K; Duncan, Cole; Anan, Abhishek; Penefsky, Harvey S; Goodisman, Jerry; Souid, Abdul-Kader

    2008-05-01

    We studied the effect of two types of mesoporous silica nanoparticles, MCM-41 and SBA-15, on mitochondrial O 2 consumption (respiration) in HL-60 (myeloid) cells, Jurkat (lymphoid) cells, and isolated mitochondria. SBA-15 inhibited cellular respiration at 25-500 microg/mL; the inhibition was concentration-dependent and time-dependent. The cellular ATP profile paralleled that of respiration. MCM-41 had no noticeable effect on respiration rate. In cells depleted of metabolic fuels, 50 microg/mL SBA-15 delayed the onset of glucose-supported respiration by 12 min and 200 microg/mL SBA-15 by 34 min; MCM-41 also delayed the onset of glucose-supported respiration. Neither SBA-15 nor MCM-41 affected cellular glutathione. Both nanoparticles inhibited respiration of isolated mitochondria and submitochondrial particles.

  1. Zirconia-silica based mesoporous desulfurization adsorbents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palomino, Jessica M.; Tran, Dat T.; Kareh, Ana R.; Miller, Christopher A.; Gardner, Joshua M. V.; Dong, Hong; Oliver, Scott R. J.

    2015-03-01

    We report a series of mesoporous silicate sorbent materials templated by long-chain primary alkylamines that display record level of desulfurization of the jet fuel JP-8. Pure silica frameworks and those with a Si:Zr synthesis molar ratio ranging from 44:1 to 11:1 were investigated. The optimum sorbent was identified as dodecylamine-templated silica-zirconia synthesized from a gel with Si:Zr molar ratio of 15:1. With an optimized silver loading of 11 wt.%, a saturation adsorption capacity of 39.4 mgS g-1 and a silver efficiency of 1.21 molS mol Ag-1 were observed for JP-8. This sorbent displayed exceptional regenerability, maintaining 86% of its initial capacity in model fuel after solvent regeneration with diethyl ether. Low-cost, portable and reusable sorbents for the desulfurization of JP-8 jet fuel are needed to make solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) a reality for military power needs. SOFCs require ultra-low sulfur content fuel, which traditional desulfurization methods cannot achieve.

  2. Synthesis of mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite from mesoporous silica materials for methanol to light olefins.

    PubMed

    Kang, Eun A; Kim, Tae-Wan; Chae, Ho-Jeong; Kim, Min; Jeong, Kwang-Eun; Kim, Joo-Wan; Kim, Chul-Ung; Jeong, Soon-Yong

    2013-11-01

    Mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolites were synthesized by using as-prepared mesoporous silica material as both silica source and mesopore tailor. The mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite materials thus obtained are characterized by a series of different techniques, including poweder X-ray diffraction pattern, nitrogen physisorption analysis, scanning electron micrograph, temperature programmed desorption of ammonia, and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. The resultant mesoporous SAPO-34 crystals exhibit sphere-like particle with zeolite layer units. The mesopore size distribution and particle size can be changed by amounts of silica source and water. The methanol-to-olefins (MTO) reactions using these mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolites are carried out with a fixed-bed reactor. Catalytic tests exhibit that the mesoporous SAPO-34 zeolite materials show high catalytic activity compared with the conventional SAPO-34 for MTO reaction. The better catalytic activity and longer life time of the mesoporous SAPO-34 catalysts in MTO are mainly due to the existence of the mesoporosity of SAPO-34 with small particle size.

  3. Nanostructured materials based on mesoporous silica and mesoporous silica/apatite as osteogenic growth peptide carriers.

    PubMed

    Mendes, L S; Saska, S; Martines, M A U; Marchetto, R

    2013-10-01

    The aim of this work was the preparation of inorganic mesoporous materials from silica, calcium phosphate and a nonionic surfactant and to evaluate the incorporation and release of different concentrations of osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) for application in bone regeneration. The adsorption and release of the labeled peptide with 5,6-carboxyfluorescein (OGP-CF) from the mesoporous matrix was monitored by fluorescence spectroscopy. The specific surface area was 880 and 484 m(2) g(-1) for pure silica (SiO) and silica/apatite (SiCaP), respectively; the area influenced the percentage of incorporation of the peptide. The release of OGP-CF from the materials in simulated body fluid (SBF) was dependent on the composition of the particles, the amount of incorporated peptide and the degradation of the material. The release of 50% of the peptide content occurred at around 4 and 30 h for SiCaP and SiO, respectively. In conclusion, the materials based on SiO and SiCaP showed in vitro bioactivity and degradation; thus, these materials should be considered as alternative biomaterials for bone regeneration.

  4. Mesoporous silica magnetite nanocomposite synthesized by using a neutral surfactant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Souza, K. C.; Salazar-Alvarez, G.; Ardisson, J. D.; Macedo, W. A. A.; Sousa, E. M. B.

    2008-05-01

    Magnetite nanoparticles coated by mesoporous silica were synthesized by an alternative chemical route using a neutral surfactant and without the application of any functionalization method. The magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were prepared by precipitation from aqueous media, and then coated with mesoporous silica by using nonionic block copolymer surfactants as the structure-directing agents. The mesoporous SiO2-coated Fe3O4 samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, transmission electron microscopy, 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry. Our results revealed that the magnetite nanoparticles are completely coated by well-ordered mesoporous silica with free pores and stable (~8 nm thick) pore walls, and that the structural and magnetic properties of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles are preserved in the applied synthesis route.

  5. Mesoporous silicas with tunable morphology for the immobilization of laccase.

    PubMed

    Gascón, Victoria; Díaz, Isabel; Márquez-Álvarez, Carlos; Blanco, Rosa M

    2014-05-30

    Siliceous ordered mesoporous materials (OMM) are gaining interest as supports for enzyme immobilization due to their uniform pore size, large surface area, tunable pore network and the introduction of organic components to mesoporous structure. We used SBA-15 type silica materials, which exhibit a regular 2D hexagonal packing of cylindrical mesopores of uniform size, for non-covalent immobilization of laccase. Synthesis conditions were adjusted in order to obtain supports with different particle shape, where those with shorter channels had higher loading capacity. Despite the similar isoelectric points of silica and laccase and the close match between the size of laccase and the pore dimensions of these SBA-15 materials, immobilization was achieved with very low leaching. Surface modification of macro-/mesoporous amorphous silica by grafting of amine moieties was proved to significantly increase the isoelectric point of this support and improve the immobilization yield.

  6. Bifunctional mesoporous silicas with clearly distinguished localization of grafted groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roik, N. V.; Belyakova, L. A.

    2013-12-01

    Bifunctional mesoporous silicas with clearly distinguished localization of grafted groups on the surface of particles and inside their pores were obtained by means of sol-gel synthesis with postsynthetic vapor-phase treatment in vacuum. It was found that the synthesized materials have the hexagonally ordered porous structure typical of MCM-41 type silica.

  7. Formation of monodisperse mesoporous silica microparticles via spray-drying.

    PubMed

    Waldron, Kathryn; Wu, Winston Duo; Wu, Zhangxiong; Liu, Wenjie; Selomulya, Cordelia; Zhao, Dongyuan; Chen, Xiao Dong

    2014-03-15

    In this work, a protocol to synthesize monodisperse mesoporous silica microparticles via a unique microfluidic jet spray-drying route is reported for the first time. The microparticles demonstrated highly ordered hexagonal mesostructures with surface areas ranging from ~900 up to 1500 m(2)/g and pore volumes from ~0.6 to 0.8 cm(3)/g. The particle size could be easily controlled from ~50 to 100 μm from the same diameter nozzle via changing the initial solute content, or changing the drying temperature. The ratio of the surfactant (CTAB) and silica (TEOS), and the amount of water in the precursor were found to affect the degree of ordering of mesopores by promoting either the self-assembly of the surfactant-silica micelles or the condensation of the silica as two competing processes in evaporation induced self-assembly. The drying rate and the curvature of particles also affected the self-assembly of the mesostructure. The particle mesostructure is not influenced by the inlet drying temperature in the range of 92-160 °C, with even a relatively low temperature of 92 °C producing highly ordered mesoporous microparticles. The spray-drying derived mesoporous silica microparticles, while of larger sizes and more rapidly synthesized, showed a comparable performance with the conventional mesoporous silica MCM-41 in controlled release of a dye, Rhodamine B, indicating that these spray dried microparticles could be used for the immobilisation and controlled release of small molecules.

  8. Nanoindentation studies of nickel zinc ferrite embedded mesoporous silica template

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banerjee, S.; Hajra, P.; Mada, M. R.; Bandopadhyay, S.; Chakravorty, D.

    2013-02-01

    Nickel zinc ferrite (NZF) embedded mesoporous silica KIT-6 nanocomposite (NZFMS) was synthesized via impregnation method. The microstructure of the samples was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Nanoindentation (NI) studies were carried out on both mesoporous silica (MS) and the nanocomposite NZFMS. It was found that the young's modulus (E) and hardness (H) of the NZFMS were higher than that of the MS. From creep measurement it was observed that the creep-strain rate was greater for NZFMS compared to MS. This arose due to diffusion of Fe3+ ions from nickel zinc ferrite to the silica glass. The results indicate that the NZFMS material shows superplastic behaviour at room temperature.

  9. Functionalized bimodal mesoporous silicas as carriers for controlled aspirin delivery

    SciTech Connect

    Gao Lin; Sun Jihong; Li Yuzhen

    2011-08-15

    The bimodal mesoporous silica modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane was performed as the aspirin carrier. The samples' structure, drug loading and release profiles were characterized with X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, N{sub 2} adsorption and desorption, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, TG analysis, elemental analysis and UV-spectrophotometer. For further exploring the effects of the bimodal mesopores on the drug delivery behavior, the unimodal mesoporous material MCM-41 was also modified as the aspirin carrier. Meantime, Korsmeyer-Peppas equation f{sub t}=kt{sup n} was employed to analyze the dissolution data in details. It is indicated that the bimodal mesopores are beneficial for unrestricted drug molecules diffusing and therefore lead to a higher loading and faster releasing than that of MCM-41. The results show that the aspirin delivery properties are influenced considerably by the mesoporous matrix, whereas the large pore of bimodal mesoporous silica is the key point for the improved controlled-release properties. - Graphical abstract: Loading (A) and release profiles (B) of aspirin in N-BMMs and N-MCM-41 indicated that BMMs have more drug loading capacity and faster release rate than that MCM-41. Highlights: > Bimodal mesoporous silicas (BMMs) and MCM-41 modified with amino group via post-treatment procedure. > Loading and release profiles of aspirin in modified BMMs and MCM-41. > Modified BMMs have more drug loading capacity and faster release rate than that modified MCM-41.

  10. Controlled drug release from bifunctionalized mesoporous silica

    SciTech Connect

    Xu Wujun; Gao Qiang; Xu Yao Wu Dong; Sun Yuhan; Shen Wanling; Deng Feng

    2008-10-15

    Serial of trimethylsilyl-carboxyl bifunctionalized SBA-15 (TMS/COOH/SBA-15) have been studied as carriers for controlled release of drug famotidine (Famo). To load Famo with large capacity, SBA-15 with high content of carboxyl groups was successfully synthesized by one-pot synthesis under the assistance of KCl. The mesostructure of carboxyl functionalized SBA-15 (COOH/SBA-15) could still be kept even though the content of carboxyl groups was up to 57.2%. Increasing carboxyl content could effectively enhance the loading capacity of Famo. Compared with pure SBA-15, into which Famo could be hardly adsorbed, the largest drug loading capacity of COOH/SBA-15 could achieve 396.9 mg/g. The release of Famo from mesoporous silica was studied in simulated intestine fluid (SIF, pH=7.4). For COOH/SBA-15, the release rate of Famo decreased with narrowing pore size. After grafting TMS groups on the surface of COOH/SBA-15 with hexamethyldisilazane, the release of Famo was greatly delayed with the increasing content of TMS groups. - Graphical abstract: Trimethylsilyl-carboxyl bifunctionalized SBA-15 has been studied as carrier for controlled release of drug famotidine. To load drug with large capacity, SBA-15 with high content of carboxyl groups was successfully synthesized. After grafting trimethylsilyl groups on the surface of carboxyl functionalized SBA-15, the release of Famo was greatly delayed with the increasing content of TMS groups.

  11. Nanorods of Various Oxides and Hierarchically Structured Mesoporous Silica by Sol-Gel Electrophoresis

    SciTech Connect

    Limmer, Steven J.; Hubler, Timothy L.; Cao, Guozhong

    2003-01-02

    In this paper, we report the template-based growth of nanorods of oxides and hierarchically structured mesoporous silica, formed by means of a combination of sol-gel processing and elecrophoretic deposition. Both single metal oxides (TiO2) and complex oxides (Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3) have been grown by this method. This method has also been applied to the growth of nanorods of mesoporous silica having an ordered pore structure, where the pores are aligned parallel to the long axis of the nanorod. Uniformly sized nanorods of about 125-200 nm in diameter and 10 um in length were grown over large areas with near unidirectional alignment. Appropriate sol preparation yielded the desired stoichiometric chemical composition and crystal structure of the oxide nanorods, with a heat treatment (500-700 C for 15-30 min) for crystallization, densification and any necessary pyrolysis.

  12. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles in target drug delivery system: A review

    PubMed Central

    Bharti, Charu; Nagaich, Upendra; Pal, Ashok Kumar; Gulati, Neha

    2015-01-01

    Due to lack of specification and solubility of drug molecules, patients have to take high doses of the drug to achieve the desired therapeutic effects for the treatment of diseases. To solve these problems, there are various drug carriers present in the pharmaceuticals, which can used to deliver therapeutic agents to the target site in the body. Mesoporous silica materials become known as a promising candidate that can overcome above problems and produce effects in a controllable and sustainable manner. In particular, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are widely used as a delivery reagent because silica possesses favorable chemical properties, thermal stability, and biocompatibility. The unique mesoporous structure of silica facilitates effective loading of drugs and their subsequent controlled release of the target site. The properties of mesoporous, including pore size, high drug loading, and porosity as well as the surface properties, can be altered depending on additives used to prepare MSNs. Active surface enables functionalization to changed surface properties and link therapeutic molecules. They are used as widely in the field of diagnosis, target drug delivery, bio-sensing, cellular uptake, etc., in the bio-medical field. This review aims to present the state of knowledge of silica containing mesoporous nanoparticles and specific application in various biomedical fields. PMID:26258053

  13. Functionalized mesoporous silica materials for molsidomine adsorption: Thermodynamic study

    SciTech Connect

    Alyoshina, Nonna A.; Parfenyuk, Elena V.

    2013-09-15

    A series of unmodified and organically modified mesoporous silica materials was prepared. The unmodified mesoporous silica was synthesized via sol–gel synthesis in the presence of D-glucose as pore-forming agent. The functionalized by phenyl, aminopropyl and mercaptopropyl groups silica materials were prepared via grafting. The fabricated adsorbent materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis, N{sub 2} adsorption/desorption and elemental analysis methods. Then their adsorption properties for mesoionic dug molsidomine were investigated at 290–313 K and physiological pH value. Thermodynamic parameters of molsidomine adsorption on the synthesized materials have been calculated. The obtained results showed that the adsorption process of molsidomine on the phenyl modified silica is the most quantitatively and energetically favorable. The unmodified and mercaptopropyl modified silica materials exhibit significantly higher adsorption capacities and energies for molsidomine than the aminopropyl modified sample. The effects are discussed from the viewpoint of nature of specific interactions responsible for the adsorption. - Graphical abstract: Comparative analysis of the thermodynamic characteristics of molsidomine adsorption showed that the adsorption process on mesoporous silica materials is controlled by chemical nature of surface functional groups. Molsidomine adsorption on the phenyl modified silica is the most quantitatively and energetically favorable. Taking into account ambiguous nature of mesoionic compounds, it was found that molsidomine is rather aromatic than dipolar. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Unmodified and organically modified mesoporous silica materials were prepared. • Molsidomine adsorption on the silica materials was studied. • Phenyl modified silica shows the highest adsorption capacity and favorable energy. • Molsidomine exhibits the lowest affinity to aminopropyl modified silica.

  14. In-situ immobilization of enzymes in mesoporous silicas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santalla, Esther; Serra, Elías; Mayoral, Alvaro; Losada, José; Blanco, Rosa M.; Díaz, Isabel

    2011-04-01

    Lipase from Candida antarctica B, horseradish peroxidase and laccase have been entrapped in silica cages rising mesoporous structures. Lipase and laccase yielded the highest structured mesoporous material whereas horseradish peroxidase may have altered the symmetry giving as a result mesocelullar foam (MCF) type of cages. The possible effect in the final structure of the material of the nature, size and surface structure of the proteins as well as the presence of various additives in the enzyme extracts is currently under investigations.

  15. Mesoporous-silica films, fibers, and powders by evaporation

    DOEpatents

    Bruinsma, Paul J.; Baskaran, Suresh; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Liu, Jun

    2008-05-06

    This invention pertains to surfactant-templated nanometer-scale porosity of a silica precursor solution and forming a mesoporous material by first forming the silica precursor solution into a preform having a high surface area to volume ratio, then rapid drying or evaporating a solvent from the silica precursor solution. The mesoporous material may be in any geometric form, but is preferably in the form of a film, fiber, powder or combinations thereof. The rapid drying or evaporation of solvent from the solution is accomplished by layer thinning, for example spin casting, liquid drawing, and liquid spraying respectively. Production of a film is by layer thinning, wherein a layer of the silica precursor solution is formed on a surface followed by removal of an amount of the silica precursor solution and leaving a geometrically thinner layer of the silica precursor solution from which the solvent quickly escapes via evaporation. Layer thinning may be by any method including but not limited to squeegeeing and/or spin casting. In powder formation by spray drying, the same conditions of fast drying exists as in spin-casting (as well as in fiber spinning) because of the high surface-area to volume ratio of the product. When a powder is produced by liquid spraying, the particles or micro-bubbles within the powder are hollow spheres with walls composed of mesoporous silica. Mesoporous fiber formation starts with a similar silica precursor solution but with an added pre-polymer making a pituitous mixture that is drawn into a thin strand from which solvent is evaporated leaving the mesoporous fiber(s).

  16. Mesoporous-silica films, fibers, and powders by evaporation

    DOEpatents

    Bruinsma, P.J.; Baskaran, S.; Bontha, J.R.; Liu, J.

    1999-07-13

    This invention pertains to surfactant-templated nanometer-scale porosity of a silica precursor solution and forming a mesoporous material by first forming the silica precursor solution into a preform having a high surface area to volume ratio, then rapid drying or evaporating a solvent from the silica precursor solution. The mesoporous material may be in any geometric form, but is preferably in the form of a film, fiber, powder or combinations thereof. The rapid drying or evaporation of solvent from the solution is accomplished by layer thinning, for example spin casting, liquid drawing, and liquid spraying respectively. Production of a film is by layer thinning, wherein a layer of the silica precursor solution is formed on a surface followed by removal of an amount of the silica precursor solution and leaving a geometrically thinner layer of the silica precursor solution from which the solvent quickly escapes via evaporation. Layer thinning may be by any method including but not limited to squeegeeing and/or spin casting. In powder formation by spray drying, the same conditions of fast drying exists as in spin-casting (as well as in fiber spinning) because of the high surface-area to volume ratio of the product. When a powder is produced by liquid spraying, the particles or micro-bubbles within the powder are hollow spheres with walls composed of mesoporous silica. Mesoporous fiber formation starts with a similar silica precursor solution but with an added pre-polymer making a pituitous mixture that is drawn into a thin strand from which solvent is evaporated leaving the mesoporous fiber(s). 24 figs.

  17. Mesoporous-silica films, fibers, and powders by evaporation

    DOEpatents

    Bruinsma, Paul J.; Baskaran, Suresh; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Liu, Jun

    1999-01-01

    This invention pertains to surfactant-templated nanometer-scale porosity of a silica precursor solution and forming a mesoporous material by first forming the silica precursor solution into a preform having a high surface area to volume ratio, then rapid drying or evaporating a solvent from the silica precursor solution. The mesoporous material may be in any geometric form, but is preferably in the form of a film, fiber, powder or combinations thereof. The rapid drying or evaporation of solvent from the solution is accomplished by layer thinning, for example spin casting, liquid drawing, and liquid spraying respectively. Production of a film is by layer thinning, wherein a layer of the silica precursor solution is formed on a surface followed by removal of an amount of the silica precursor solution and leaving a geometrically thinner layer of the silica precursor solution from which the solvent quickly escapes via evaporation. Layer thinning may be by any method including but not limited to squeegeeing and/or spin casting. In powder formation by spray drying, the same conditions of fast drying exists as in spin-casting (as well as in fiber spinning) because of the high surface-area to volume ratio of the product. When a powder is produced by liquid spraying, the particles or micro-bubbles within the powder are hollow spheres with walls composed of mesoporous silica. Mesoporous fiber formation starts with a similar silica precursor solution but with an added pre-polymer making a pituitous mixture that is drawn into a thin strand from which solvent is evaporated leaving the mesoporous fiber(s).

  18. Mesoporous silica and organosilica films templated by nanocrystalline chitin.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Thanh-Dinh; Shopsowitz, Kevin E; MacLachlan, Mark J

    2013-11-04

    Liquid crystalline phases can be used to impart order into inorganic solids, creating materials that mimic natural architectures. Herein, mesoporous silica and organosilica films with layered structures and high surface areas have been templated by nanocrystalline chitin. Aqueous suspensions of spindle-shaped chitin nanocrystals were prepared by sequential deacetylation and hydrolysis of chitin fibrils isolated from king crab shells. The nanocrystalline chitin self-assembles into a nematic liquid-crystalline phase that has been used to template silica and organosilica composites. Removal of the chitin template by either calcination or sulfuric-acid-catalyzed hydrolysis gave mesoporous silica and ethylene-bridged organosilica films. The large, crack-free mesoporous films have layered structures with features that originate from the nematic organization of the nanocrystalline chitin.

  19. Adsorption and release of biocides with mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popat, Amirali; Liu, Jian; Hu, Qiuhong; Kennedy, Michael; Peters, Brenton; Lu, Gao Qing (Max); Qiao, Shi Zhang

    2012-01-01

    In this proof-of-concept study, an agricultural biocide (imidacloprid) was effectively loaded into the mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with different pore sizes, morphologies and mesoporous structures for termite control. This resulted in nanoparticles with a large surface area, tunable pore diameter and small particle size, which are ideal carriers for adsorption and controlled release of imidacloprid. The effect of pore size, surface area and mesoporous structure on uptake and release of imidacloprid was systematically studied. It was found that the adsorption amount and release profile of imidacloprid were dependent on the type of mesoporous structure and surface area of particles. Specifically, MCM-48 type mesoporous silica nanoparticles with a three dimensional (3D) open network structure and high surface area displayed the highest adsorption capacity compared to other types of silica nanoparticles. Release of imidacloprid from these nanoparticles was found to be controlled over 48 hours. Finally, in vivo laboratory testing on termite control proved the efficacy of these nanoparticles as delivery carriers for biopesticides. We believe that the present study will contribute to the design of more effective controlled and targeted delivery for other biomolecules.In this proof-of-concept study, an agricultural biocide (imidacloprid) was effectively loaded into the mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with different pore sizes, morphologies and mesoporous structures for termite control. This resulted in nanoparticles with a large surface area, tunable pore diameter and small particle size, which are ideal carriers for adsorption and controlled release of imidacloprid. The effect of pore size, surface area and mesoporous structure on uptake and release of imidacloprid was systematically studied. It was found that the adsorption amount and release profile of imidacloprid were dependent on the type of mesoporous structure and surface area of particles

  20. Design and functionalization of photocatalytic systems within mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Qian, Xufang; Fuku, Kojirou; Kuwahara, Yasutaka; Kamegawa, Takashi; Mori, Kohsuke; Yamashita, Hiromi

    2014-06-01

    In the past decades, various photocatalysts such as TiO2, transition-metal-oxide moieties within cavities and frameworks, or metal complexes have attracted considerable attention in light-excited catalytic processes. Owing to high surface areas, transparency to UV and visible light as well as easily modified surfaces, mesoporous silica-based materials have been widely used as excellent hosts for designing efficient photocatalytic systems under the background of environmental remediation and solar-energy utilization. This Minireview mainly focuses on the surface-chemistry engineering of TiO2/mesoporous silica photocatalytic systems and fabrication of binary oxides and nanocatalysts in mesoporous single-site-photocatalyst frameworks. Recently, metallic nanostructures with localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) have been widely studied in catalytic applications harvesting light irradiation. Accordingly, silver and gold nanostructures confined in mesoporous silica and their corresponding catalytic activity enhanced by the LSPR effect will be introduced. In addition, the integration of metal complexes within mesoporous silica materials for the construction of functional inorganic-organic supramolecular photocatalysts will be briefly described.

  1. Antibacterial performance of nanocrystallined titania confined in mesoporous silica nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Cendrowski, Krzysztof; Peruzynska, Magdalena; Markowska-Szczupak, Agata; Chen, Xuecheng; Wajda, Anna; Lapczuk, Joanna; Kurzawski, Mateusz; Kalenczuk, Ryszard J; Drozdzik, Marek; Mijowska, Ewa

    2014-06-01

    In this paper, we study synthesis and characteristics of mesoporous silica nanotubes modified by titanium dioxide, as well as their antimicrobial properties and influence on mitochondrial activity of mouse fibroblast L929. Nanocrystalized titania is confined in mesopores of silica nanotubes and its light activated antibacterial response is revealed. The analysis of the antibacterial effect on Escherichia coli. (ATCC 25922) shows strong enhancement during irradiation with the artificial visible and ultraviolet light in respect to the commercial catalyst and control sample free from the nanomaterials. In darkness, the mesoporous silica/titania nanostructures exhibited antibacterial activity dependent on the stirring speed of the suspension containing nanomaterials. Obtained micrograph proved internalization of the sample into the microorganism trough the cell membrane. The analysis of the mitochondrial activity and amount of lactate dehydrogenase released from mouse fibroblast cells L929 in the presence of the sample were determined with LDH and WST1 assays, respectively. The synthesized silica/titania antibacterial agent also exhibits pronounced photoinduced inactivation of the bacterial growth under the artificial visible and UV light irritation in respect to the commercial catalyst. Additionally, mesoporous silica/titania nanotubes were characterized in details by means of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), XRD and BET Isotherm.

  2. Enhanced retention of aqueous transition metals in mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nelson, J.; Bargar, J.; Brown, G. E.; Maher, K.

    2013-12-01

    Mesoporosity (2-50 nm diameter pores) is abundant within grain coatings and primary silicate minerals in natural environments. Mesopores often contribute significantly to total specific surface area and act as gateways for the transport of subsurface solutes, including nutrients and contaminants, between mineral surfaces and ambient fluids. However, the physiochemical mechanisms of sorption and transport within mesopores cannot be assumed to be the same as for macropores (>50 nm), because of confinement-induced changes in water properties, the structure of electrical double layers, solvation shells and dehydration rates of aquo ions, and the charge and reactive site densities of mineral surfaces. Despite the ubiquity of confined spaces in natural and industrial porous media, few studies have examined the molecular-scale mechanisms and geochemical reactions controlling meso-confinement phenomena in environmentally relevant materials. We conducted batch Zn sorption experiments using synthetic, controlled pore-size (i.e., 7.5-300 nm), metal-oxide beads as model geologic substrates. Comparison of Zn adsorbed onto macroporous and mesoporous silica beads indicates Zn adsorption capacity is increased in mesopores when normalized to surface area. In the presence of a background electrolyte (i.e., NaCl), Zn sorption capacity to macroporous silica is reduced; however, no significant difference in Zn sorption capacity on mesoporous silica was observed between the presence and absence of a background electrolyte. The effect of competing cations is indirect evidence that mesopores promote inner-sphere complexation and reduce outer-sphere complexation. EXAFS characterization of adsorbed zinc to macroporous silica matches that reported for low Zn coverages on silica (Roberts et al., JCIS, 2003), whereas a different spectrum is observed for the mesoporous case. Shell-by-shell fitting indicates that Zn is dominantly in octahedral coordination in macropores, as opposed to

  3. The synthesis and application of two mesoporous silica nanoparticles as drug delivery system with different shape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jiayi; Wang, Zhuyuan; Chen, Hui; Zong, Shenfei; Cui, Yiping

    2015-05-01

    Mesoporous silica nanospheres(MSNSs) have been obtained utilizing the conventional reverse micelles synthesis method while the mesoporous silica nanorods(MSNRs) have been acquired by means of changing certain parameters. Afterwards, the prepared mesoporous silica nanospheres and nanorods were used as drug carriers to load and release the classical cancer therapeutic drug—DOX. According to the absorption spectra, the encapsulation efficiency of the mesoporous silica nanospheres is almost as high as that of the nanospheres. Different from the familiar encapsulation efficiency, the release characteristic curves of the mesoporous silica nanospheres and nanorods possessed certain differences during the release process. Finally incellular fluorescence imaging was achieved to observe the endocytosis of the mesoporous silica materials. Our results show that although both of the two kinds of nanoparticles possess favourable properties for loading and releasing drugs, the mesoporous silica nanospheres perform better in dispersity and controlled release than the nanorods, which probably endow them the potential as incellular drug delivery system.

  4. Ordered mesoporous silica (OMS) as an adsorbent and membrane for separation of carbon dioxide (CO2).

    PubMed

    Chew, Thiam-Leng; Ahmad, Abdul L; Bhatia, Subhash

    2010-01-15

    Separation of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) from gaseous mixture is an important issue for the removal of CO(2) in natural gas processing and power plants. The ordered mesoporous silicas (OMS) with uniform pore structure and high density of silanol groups, have attracted the interest of researchers for separation of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) using adsorption process. These mesoporous silicas after functionalization with amino groups have been studied for the removal of CO(2). The potential of functionalized ordered mesoporous silica membrane for separation of CO(2) is also recognized. The present paper reviews the synthesis of mesoporous silicas and important issues related to the development of mesoporous silicas. Recent studies on the CO(2) separation using ordered mesoporous silicas (OMS) as adsorbent and membrane are highlighted. The future prospectives of mesoporous silica membrane for CO(2) adsorption and separation are also presented and discussed.

  5. Plutonium complexation by phosphonate-functionalized mesoporous silica

    SciTech Connect

    Parsons-Moss, T; Schwaiger, L K; Hubaud, A; Hu, Y J; Tuysuz, H; Yang, P; Balasubramanian, K; Nitsche, H

    2010-10-27

    MCM-41-type mesoporous silica functionalized with the CMPO-based 'Ac-Phos' silane has been reported in the literature (1) to show good capacity as an acftinide sorbent material, with potential applications in environmental sequestration, aqueous waste separation and/or vitrification, and chemical sensing of actinides in solution. The study explores the complexation of Pu(IV and VI) and other selected actinides and lanthanides by SBA-15 type mesoporous silica functionalized with Ac-Phos. The Pu binding kinetics and binding capacity were determined for both the Ac-Phos functionalized and unmodified SBA-15. They analyzed the binding geometry and redox behavior of Pu(VI) by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). They discuss the synthesis and characterization of the functionalized mesoporous material, batch sorption experiments, and the detailed analyses of the actinide complexes that are formed. Structural measurements are paired with high-level quantum mechanical modeling to elucidate the binding mechanisms.

  6. Adsorption of mycotoxins in beverages onto functionalized mesoporous silicas

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Mycotoxins, natural toxins produced by fungi, are a global concern as contaminates of agricultural commodities. Exposure to these toxins can be reduced by the use of binding materials. Templated mesoporous silicas are promising materials with favorable adsorptive properties for dyes, ions, and toxin...

  7. Functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for oral delivery of budesonide

    SciTech Connect

    Yoncheva, K.; Popova, M.; Szegedi, A.; Mihaly, J.; Tzankov, B.; Lambov, N.; Konstantinov, S.; Tzankova, V.; Pessina, F.; Valoti, M.

    2014-03-15

    Non-functionalized and amino-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticle were loaded with anti-inflammatory drug budesonide and additionally post-coated with bioadhesive polymer (carbopol). TEM images showed spherical shape of the nanoparticles and slightly higher polydispersity after coating with carbopol. Nitrogen physisorption and thermogravimetic analysis revealed that more efficient loading and incorporation into the pores of nanoparticles was achieved with the amino-functionalized silica carrier. Infrared spectra indicated that the post-coating of these nanoparticles with carbopol led to the formation of bond between amino groups of the functionalized carrier and carboxyl groups of carbopol. The combination of amino-functionalization of the carrier with the post-coating of the nanoparticles sustained budesonide release. Further, an in vitro model of inflammatory bowel disease showed that the cytoprotective effect of budesonide loaded in the post-coated silica nanoparticles on damaged HT-29 cells was more pronounced compared to the cytoprotection obtained with pure budesonide. -- Graphical abstract: Silica mesoporous MCM-41 particles were amino-functionalized, loaded with budesonide and post-coated with bioadhesive polymer (carbopol) in order to achieve prolonged residence of anti-inflammatory drug in GIT. Highlights: • Higher drug loading in amino-functionalized mesoporous silica. • Amino-functionalization and post-coating of the nanoparticles sustained drug release. • Achievement of higher cytoprotective effect with drug loaded into the nanoparticles.

  8. Thermally Stable Mesoporous Silica Spheres synthesized under Mild Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ziegler, Christopher; You, Eunyoung; Watkins, James

    2009-03-01

    Thermally stable, mesoporous silica spheres were synthesized using a one-pot technique under mild conditions. As-calcined silica spheres were shown to be highly porous with surface areas greater than 1000 m^2/g and pore volumes on the order of 1 cc/g. Pore walls were found to be highly resistant to collapse as a consequence of thermal treatment at temperatures exceeding 750 C or hydrothermal treatment in boiling water at temperatures exceeding 100 C for over 100 hours. ^29Si-^1H cross polarization NMR data indicate that the silica is highly condensed at the surface providing rationale for the exceptional pore wall stability observed. The mesoporous silica spheres were synthesized from tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) at room temperature and near-neutral pH using cysteamine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in a mixed water and ethanol system. Sphere size was shown to be tunable by altering the relative amounts of ethanol, CTAB, or TEOS. Sphere diameters ranging from 30 nm to 560 nm were observed. The preparation method and characterization of these highly condensed, thermally stable, mesoporous silica spheres for applications including sensing, catalysis, purification, and payload encapsulation is presented.

  9. Surface properties of mesoporous carbon-silica gel adsorbents

    SciTech Connect

    Leboda, R.; Turov, V.V.; Charmas, B.; Skubiszewska-Zieba, J.; Gun'ko, V.M.

    2000-03-01

    Carbon/silica (carbosil) samples prepared utilizing mesoporous silica gel (Si-60) modified by methylene chloride pyrolysis were studied by nitrogen adsorption, quasi-isothermal thermogravimetry, p-nitrophenol adsorption from aqueous solution, and {sup 1}H NMR methods. The structural characteristics and other properties of carbosils depend markedly on the synthetic conditions and the amount of carbon deposited. The changes in the pore size distribution with increasing carbon concentration suggest grafting of carbon mainly in pores, leading to diminution of the mesopore radii. However, heating pure silica gel at the pyrolysis temperature of 550 C leads to an increase in the pore radii. The quasi-isothermal thermogravimetry and {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy methods used to investigate the water layers on carbosils showed a significant capability of carbosils to adsorb water despite a relatively large content of the hydrophobic carbon deposit, which represents a nonuniform layer incompletely covering the oxide surface.

  10. Prototype of low thermal expansion materials: fabrication of mesoporous silica/polymer composites with densely filled polymer inside mesopore space.

    PubMed

    Kiba, Shosuke; Suzuki, Norihiro; Okawauchi, Yoshinori; Yamauchi, Yusuke

    2010-09-03

    A prototype of novel low thermal expansion materials using mesoporous silica particles is demonstrated. Mesoporous silica/polymer composites with densely filled polymer inside the mesopore space are fabricated by mechanically mixing both organically modified mesoporous silica and epoxy polymer. The mesopores are easily penetrated by polymers as a result of the capillary force during the mechanical composite processing. Furthermore, we propose a new model of polymer mobility restriction using mesoporous silica with a large pore space. The robust inorganic frameworks covering the polymer effectively restrict the polymer mobility against thermal energy. As a result, the degree of total thermal expansion of the composites is drastically decreased. From the mass-normalized thermal mechanical analysis (TMA) charts of various composites with different amounts of mesoporous silica particles, it is observed that the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) values gradually increase with an increase of the polymer amount outside the mesopores. It is proven that the CTE values in the range over the glass-transition temperatures (T(g)) are perfectly proportional to the outside polymer amounts. Importantly, the Y-intercept of the relation equation obtained by a least-square method is the CTE value and is almost zero. This means that thermal expansion does not occur if no polymers are outside the mesopores. Through such a quantative discussion, we clarify that only the outside polymer affects the thermal expansion of the composites, that is, the embedded polymers inside the mesopores do not expand at all during the thermal treatment.

  11. Rapid synthesis of ordered hexagonal mesoporous silica and their incorporation with Ag nanoparticles by solution plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Pootawang, Panuphong; Saito, Nagahiro; Takai, Osamu; Lee, Sang Yul

    2012-10-15

    Graphical abstract: Overall reactions of mesoporous silica and AgNPs-incorporated mesoporous silica syntheses by solution plasma process (SPP). Highlights: ► SPP for rapid synthesis of mesoporous silica. ► SPP for rapid synthesis of mesoporous silica and AgNPs incorporation. ► Higher surface area and larger pore diameter of mesoporous silica synthesized by SPP. -- Abstract: Rapid synthesis of silica with ordered hexagonal mesopore arrangement was obtained using solution plasma process (SPP) by discharging the mixture of P123 triblock copolymer/TEOS in acid solution. SPP, moreover, was utilized for Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) incorporation in silica framework as one-batch process using silver nitrate (AgNO{sub 3}) solution as precursor. The turbid silicate gel was clearly observed after discharge for 1 min and the white precipitate formed at 3 min. The mesopore with hexagonal arrangement and AgNPs were observed in mesoporous silica. Two regions of X-ray diffraction patterns (2θ < 2° and 2θ = 35–90°) corresponded to the mesoporous silica and Ag nanocrystal characteristics. Comparing with mesoporous silica prepared by a conventional sol–gel route, surface area and pore diameter of mesoporous silica prepared by solution plasma were observed to be larger. In addition, the increase in Ag loading resulted in the decrease in surface area with insignificant variation in the pore diameter of mesoporous silica. SPP could be successfully utilized not only to enhance gelation time but also to increase surface area and pore diameter of mesoporous silica.

  12. Effect of mesoporous silica under Neisseria meningitidis transformation process: environmental effects under meningococci transformation

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background This study aimed the use of mesoporous silica under the naturally transformable Neisseria meningitidis, an important pathogen implicated in the genetic horizontal transfer of DNA causing a escape of the principal vaccination measures worldwide by the capsular switching process. This study verified the effects of mesoporous silica under N. meningitidis transformation specifically under the capsular replacement. Methods we used three different mesoporous silica particles to verify their action in N. meningitis transformation frequency. Results we verified the increase in the capsular gene replacement of this bacterium with the three mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Conclusion the mesouporous silica particles were capable of increasing the capsule replacement frequency in N. meningitidis. PMID:21787408

  13. Mesoporous hollow sphere titanium dioxide photocatalysts through hydrothermal silica etching.

    PubMed

    Leshuk, Tim; Linley, Stuart; Baxter, George; Gu, Frank

    2012-11-01

    Robust, monodisperse, mesoporous titanium dioxide (TiO₂) submicrometer hollow spheres were synthesized through a single step hydrothermal silica etching reaction under mild conditions. Efficient silica (SiO₂) removal was achieved without the use of toxic reagents, and a unique controllable silica redeposition mechanism was identified, imparting the hollow spheres with excellent structural integrity. The parameters of the hydrothermal reaction affecting the etching process, including pH, temperature, and silica concentration, were systematically investigated and optimized for the production of silica-templated hollow structures. The resulting processing conditions yielded TiO₂ hollow spheres with a surface area of ∼300 m² g⁻¹ and anatase phase crystallization, which exhibited high adsorption capacity for methylene blue dye and good photocatalytic activity without requiring high-temperature calcination.

  14. Synthesis and Characterization of Bionanoparticle-Silica Composites and Mesoporous Silica with Large Pores

    SciTech Connect

    Niu, Z.; Yang, L.; Kabisatpathy, S.; He, J.; Lee, A.; Ron, J.; Sikha, G.; Popov, B.N.; Emrick, T.; Russell, T. P.; Wang. Q.

    2009-03-24

    A sol-gel process has been developed to incorporate bionanoparticles, such as turnip yellow mosaic virus, cowpea mosaic virus, tobacco mosaic virus, and ferritin into silica, while maintaining the integrity and morphology of the particles. The structures of the resulting materials were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, small angle X-ray scattering, and N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption analysis. The results show that the shape and surface morphology of the bionanoparticles are largely preserved after being embedded into silica. After removal of the bionanoparticles by calcination, mesoporous silica with monodisperse pores, having the shape and surface morphology of the bionanoparticles replicated inside the silica, was produced,. This study is expected to lead to both functional composite materials and mesoporous silica with structurally well-defined large pores.

  15. Three dimensional mesoporous silica strucutres with templated macropores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kothari, Rohit; Hendricks, Nicholas R.; Watkins, James J.

    2013-03-01

    A novel approach to fabricate three dimensional macroporous structures comprised of mesoporous silica is demonstrated. Well-ordered mesoporous silica structures with macroporosity were obtained by using humidified supercritical carbon dioxide as a carrier medium to infuse and domain selectively condense silica alkoxide precursor in a microphase separated block copolymer/small molecule additive blend solution casted on macroporous supports such as cellulose filter paper and sponge. Subsequent calcination was used to remove both the block copolymer template and the macroporous support. Transition electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle x-ray diffraction (SAXD) confirmed the presence of well-ordered mesopores. Scanning electron microscopy confirmed faithful replication of the features of the macroporous supports. Physisorption showed BET surface areas as high as 400m2/g and the BJH pore size distributions obtained are in close agreement with the TEM and SAXD results. This dual scale porosity within the silica template will enhance overall transport and diffusion, which is appropriate for many applications including catalysis and sensing.

  16. Novel nanofluids based on mesoporous silica for enhanced heat transfer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikkam, N.; Saleemi, M.; Toprak, M. S.; Li, S.; Muhammed, M.; Haghighi, E. B.; Khodabandeh, R.; Palm, B.

    2011-11-01

    Nanofluids, which are liquids with engineered nanometer-sized particles suspensions, have drawn remarkable attraction from the researchers because of their enormous potential to enhance the efficiency in heat-transfer fluids. In the present study, water-based calcined mesoporous silica nanofluids were prepared and characterized. The commercial mesoporous silica (MPSiO2) nanoparticles were dispersed in deionized water by means of pH adjustment and ultrasonic agitation. MPSiO2 nanoparticles were observed to have an average particle size of 350 ± 100 nm by SEM analysis. The concentration of MPSiO2 was varied between 1 and 6 wt%. The physicochemical properties of nanofluids were characterized using various techniques, such as particle size analyzer, zeta-potential meter, TEM, and FT-IR. The thermal conductivity was measured by Transient Plane Source (TPS) method, and nanofluids showed a higher thermal conductivity than the base liquid for all the tested concentrations.

  17. Fluorescent Functionalized Mesoporous Silica for Radioactive Material Extraction

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Juan; Zhu, Kake; Shang, Jianying; Wang, Donghai; Nie, Zimin; Guo, Ruisong; Liu, Chongxuan; Wang, Zheming; Li, Xiaolin; Liu, Jun

    2012-08-01

    Mesoporous silica with covalently bound salicylic acid molecules incorporated in the structure was synthesized with a one-pot, co-condensation reaction at room temperature. The as-synthesized material has a large surface area, uniform particle size, and an ordered pore structure as determined by characterization with transmission electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, and infrared spectra, etc. Using the strong fluorescence and metal coordination capability of salicylic acid, functionalized mesoporous silica (FMS) was developed to track and extract radionuclide contaminants, such as uranyl [U(VI)] ions encountered in subsurface environments. Adsorption measurements showed a strong affinity of the FMS toward U(VI) with a Kd value of 105 mL/g, which is four orders of magnitude higher than the adsorption of U(VI) onto most of the sediments in natural environments. The new materials have a potential for synergistic environmental monitoring and remediation of the radionuclide U(VI) from contaminated subsurface environments.

  18. Chemoradiotherapeutic wrinkled mesoporous silica nanoparticles for use in cancer therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munaweera, Imalka; Koneru, Bhuvaneswari; Shi, Yi; Di Pasqua, Anthony J.; Balkus, Kenneth J., Jr.

    2014-11-01

    Over the last decade, the development and application of nanotechnology in cancer detection, diagnosis, and therapy have been widely reported. Engineering of vehicles for the simultaneous delivery of chemo- and radiotherapeutics increases the effectiveness of the therapy and reduces the dosage of each individual drug required to produce an observable therapeutic response. We here developed a novel chemoradiotherapeutic 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipid coated/uncoated platinum drug loaded, holmium-containing, wrinkled mesoporous silica nanoparticle. The materials were characterized with TEM, FTIR, 1H NMR, energy dispersive x-ray, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, and zeta potential measurements. In vitro platinum drug release from both lipid coated and uncoated chemoradiotherapeutic wrinkled mesoporous silica are reported. Various kinetic models were used to analyze the release kinetics. The radioactivity of the chemoradiotherapeutic nanocarriers was measured after neutron-activation.

  19. Chemoradiotherapeutic wrinkled mesoporous silica nanoparticles for use in cancer therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Munaweera, Imalka; Balkus, Kenneth J. Jr. E-mail: Anthony.DiPasqua@unthsc.edu; Koneru, Bhuvaneswari; Shi, Yi; Di Pasqua, Anthony J. E-mail: Anthony.DiPasqua@unthsc.edu

    2014-11-01

    Over the last decade, the development and application of nanotechnology in cancer detection, diagnosis, and therapy have been widely reported. Engineering of vehicles for the simultaneous delivery of chemo- and radiotherapeutics increases the effectiveness of the therapy and reduces the dosage of each individual drug required to produce an observable therapeutic response. We here developed a novel chemoradiotherapeutic 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine lipid coated/uncoated platinum drug loaded, holmium-containing, wrinkled mesoporous silica nanoparticle. The materials were characterized with TEM, FTIR, {sup 1}H NMR, energy dispersive x-ray, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, and zeta potential measurements. In vitro platinum drug release from both lipid coated and uncoated chemoradiotherapeutic wrinkled mesoporous silica are reported. Various kinetic models were used to analyze the release kinetics. The radioactivity of the chemoradiotherapeutic nanocarriers was measured after neutron-activation.

  20. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles for bioadsorption, enzyme immobilisation, and delivery carriers.

    PubMed

    Popat, Amirali; Hartono, Sandy Budi; Stahr, Frances; Liu, Jian; Qiao, Shi Zhang; Qing Max Lu, Gao

    2011-07-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) provide a non-invasive and biocompatible delivery platform for a broad range of applications in therapeutics, pharmaceuticals and diagnosis. The creation of smart, stimuli-responsive systems that respond to subtle changes in the local cellular environment are likely to yield long term solutions to many of the current drug/gene/DNA/RNA delivery problems. In addition, MSNs have proven to be promising supports for enzyme immobilisation, enabling the enzymes to retain their activity, affording them greater potential for wide applications in biocatalysis and energy. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the advances made in the last decade and a future outlook on possible applications of MSNs as nanocontainers for storage and delivery of biomolecules. We discuss some of the important factors affecting the adsorption and release of biomolecules in MSNs and review of the cytotoxicity aspects of such nanomaterials. The review also highlights some promising work on enzyme immobilisation using mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

  1. Contamination-resistant silica antireflective coating with closed ordered mesopores.

    PubMed

    Sun, Jinghua; Zhang, Qinghua; Ding, Ruimin; Lv, Haibing; Yan, Hongwei; Yuan, Xiaodong; Xu, Yao

    2014-08-21

    Porous silica optical antireflective (AR) coatings prepared by traditional sol-gel method have been extensively used for high power laser systems, but a serious drawback is that contamination existing in the high vacuum is easily absorbed by the disordered open pore structure, resulting in a fast decrease in transmittance. To improve the stability of transmittance in vacuum, a contamination-resistant silica AR coating with ordered mesopores completely closed by hydrophobic-oleophobic groups was successfully developed on a fused quartz substrate. The ordered mesopores in the coating were controlled under the direction of surfactant F127 via an evaporation-induced-self-assembling process and then were closed by post-grafting long chain fluoroalkylsilane. The grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and the X-ray reflectivity (XRR) results indicated that the mesopores in the coating constructed a Fmmm orthorhombic symmetry structure with a (010) plane parallel to the substrate. Cage-like mesopores were confirmed by nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis. The obtained coatings showed low surface roughness, excellent abrase-resistance and high transmittance of 100% on quartz substrate. Especially, the decrease of transmittance tested with polydimethylsiloxane pollution in vacuum within one-month was as small as 0.02%. The laser induced damage threshold was up to 59.8 J cm(-2) at a 12 ns laser pulse of 1053 nm wavelength. This work provides an alternative way to fabricate AR coatings with high stability.

  2. Immobilization of mesoporous silica particles on stainless steel plates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasqua, Luigi; Morra, Marco

    2017-03-01

    A preliminary study aimed to the nano-engineering of stainless steel surface is presented. Aminopropyl-functionalized mesoporous silica is covalently and electrostatically anchored on the surface of stainless steel plates. The anchoring is carried out through the use of a nanometric spacer, and two different spacers are proposed (both below 2 nm in size). The first sample is obtained by anchoring to the stainless steel amino functionalized, a glutaryl dichloride spacer. This specie forms an amide linkage with the amino group while the unreacted acyl groups undergo hydrolysis giving a free carboxylic group. The so-obtained functionalized stainless steel plate is used as substrate for anchoring derivatized mesoporous silica particles. The second sample is prepared using 2-bromo-methyl propionic acid as spacer (BMPA). Successively, the carboxylic group of propionic acid is condensed to the aminopropyl derivatization on the external surface of the mesoporous silica particle through covalent bond. In both cases, a continuous deposition (coating thickness is around 10 μm) is obtained, in fact, XPS data do not reveal the metal elements constituting the plate. The nano-engineering of metal surfaces can represent an intriguing opportunity for producing long-term drug release or biomimetic surface.

  3. Adsorption behavior of natural anthocyanin dye on mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kohno, Yoshiumi; Haga, Eriko; Yoda, Keiko; Shibata, Masashi; Fukuhara, Choji; Tomita, Yasumasa; Maeda, Yasuhisa; Kobayashi, Kenkichiro

    2014-01-01

    Because of its non-toxicity, naturally occurring anthocyanin is potentially suitable as a colorant for foods and cosmetics. To the wider use of the anthocyanin, the immobilization on the inorganic host for an easy handling as well as the improvement of the stability is required. This study is focused on the adsorption of significant amount of the natural anthocyanin dye onto mesoporous silica, and on the stability enhancement of the anthocyanin by the complexation. The anthocyanin has successfully been adsorbed on the HMS type mesoporous silica containing small amount of aluminum. The amount of the adsorbed anthocyanin has been increased by modifying the pore wall with n-propyl group to make the silica surface hydrophobic. The light fastness of the adsorbed anthocyanin has been improved by making the composite with the HMS samples containing aluminum, although the degree of the improvement is not so large. It has been proposed that incorporation of the anthocyanin molecule deep inside the mesopore is required for the further enhancement of the stability.

  4. Comparison of mesoporous silicon and non-ordered mesoporous silica materials as drug carriers for itraconazole.

    PubMed

    Kinnari, Päivi; Mäkilä, Ermei; Heikkilä, Teemu; Salonen, Jarno; Hirvonen, Jouni; Santos, Hélder A

    2011-07-29

    Mesoporous materials have an ability to enhance dissolution properties of poorly soluble drugs. In this study, different mesoporous silicon (thermally oxidized and thermally carbonized) and non-ordered mesoporous silica (Syloid AL-1 and 244) microparticles were compared as drug carriers for a hydrophobic drug, itraconazole (ITZ). Different surface chemistries pore volumes, surface areas, and particle sizes were selected to evaluate the structural effect of the particles on the drug loading degree and on the dissolution behavior of the drug at pH 1.2. The results showed that the loaded ITZ was apparently in amorphous form, and that the loading process did not change the chemical structure/morphology of the particles' surface. Incorporation of ITZ in both microparticles enhanced the solubility and dissolution rate of the drug, compared to the pure crystalline drug. Importantly, the physicochemical properties of the particles and the loading procedure were shown to have an effect on the drug loading efficiency and drug release kinetics. After storage under stressed conditions (3 months at 40 °C and 70% RH), the loaded silica gel particles showed practically similar dissolution profiles as before the storage. This was not the case with the loaded mesoporous silicon particles due to the almost complete chemical degradation of ITZ after storage.

  5. Amine-functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles for DNA separation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheng, Wei; Wei, Wei; Li, Junjian; Qi, Xiaoliang; Zuo, Gancheng; Chen, Qi; Pan, Xihao; Dong, Wei

    2016-11-01

    We report a modified approach for the functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSN) using polymer microspheres incorporated with magnetic nanoparticles in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and the core-shell magnetic silica nanoparticles (MSN). These particles were functionalized with amino groups via the addition of aminosilane directly to the particle sol. We then evaluate their DNA separation abilities and find the capacity of DNA binding significantly increased (210.22 μg/mg) compared with normal magnetic silica spheres (138.44 μg/mg) by using an ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV). The morphologies, magnetic properties, particle size, pore size, core-shell structure and Zeta potential are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). This work demonstrates that our MMSN own an excellent potential application in bioseparation and drug delivery.

  6. Morphological Control of Multifunctional Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials for Catalysis Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Huh, Seong

    2004-12-19

    I found an efficient method to control the morphology of the organically monofunctionalized mesoporous silica materials by introducing different types of organoalkoxysilanes in a base-catalyzed co-condensation reaction. The monofunctionalized materials exhibit different particle morphologies relative to the pure MCM-41 material. The concentration dependence of the morphology is a critical factor to determine the final particle shape. A proposed mechanism of the shape evolution is also offered. After understanding the role of organoalkoxysilanes in producing various well-shaped nanomaterials, I also obtained a series of bifunctional mesoporous silica materials with certain particle morphology. A series of bifunctional mesoporous silica nanospheres (MSNs) whose physicochemical properties was investigated via solid state NMR techniques and Cu2+ adsorption capacity tests, The ratio of two different organic groups inside of mesopores of these MSNs could be fine-tuned. These MSNs serve as a useful model system to study substrate selectivity in catalytic reactions and sorption phenomena. For example, the Cu2+ adsorption capacity of these materials was dictated by the chemical nature of the mesopores generated by the different organic functional groups. An investigation of the substrate selectivity of the bifunctionalized MSNs in a competitive nitroaldol reaction using an equimolar amount of two competing 4-nitrobenzaldehyde derivatives was performed. Shape-controlled bifunctional MSNs were employed as the catalysts. The properties of the MSNs were investigated using various spectroscopic methods and electron microscopy. The more hydrophobic the surface organic groups are, the higher the ratio of hydrophobic final product. This is the first example to demonstrate the selection of substrate using physicochemical nature of the mesopore surface other than the conventional shape selection in zeolite systems. I also created a cooperative dual catalyst

  7. Control and formation mechanism of extended nanochannel geometry in colloidal mesoporous silica particles.

    PubMed

    Sokolov, I; Kalaparthi, V; Volkov, D O; Palantavida, S; Mordvinova, N E; Lebedev, O I; Owens, J

    2017-01-04

    A large class of colloidal multi-micron mesoporous silica particles have well-defined cylindrical nanopores, nanochannels which self-assembled in the templated sol-gel process. These particles are of broad interest in photonics, for timed drug release, enzyme stabilization, separation and filtration technologies, catalysis, etc. Although the pore geometry and mechanism of pore formation of such particles has been widely investigated at the nanoscale, their pore geometry and its formation mechanism at a larger (extended) scale is still under debate. The extended geometry of nanochannels is paramount for all aforementioned applications because it defines accessibility of nanochannels, and subsequently, kinetics of interaction of the nanochannel content with the particle surrounding. Here we present both experimental and theoretical investigation of the extended geometry and its formation mechanism in colloidal multi-micron mesoporous silica particles. We demonstrate that disordered (and consequently, well accessible) nanochannels in the initially formed colloidal particles gradually align and form extended self-sealed channels. This knowledge allows to control the percentage of disordered versus self-sealed nanochannels, which defines accessibility of nanochannels in such particles. We further show that the observed aligning the channels is in agreement with theory; it is thermodynamically favored as it decreases the Gibbs free energy of the particles. Besides the practical use of the obtained results, developing a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of morphogenesis of complex geometry of nanopores will open doors to efficient and controllable synthesis that will, in turn, further fuel the practical utilization of these particles.

  8. The role of curvature in silica mesoporous crystals

    PubMed Central

    Miyasaka, Keiichi; Garcia Bennett, Alfonso; Han, Lu; Han, Yu; Xiao, Changhong; Fujita, Nobuhisa; Castle, Toen; Sakamoto, Yasuhiro; Che, Shunai; Terasaki, Osamu

    2012-01-01

    Silica mesoporous crystals (SMCs) offer a unique opportunity to study micellar mesophases. Replication of non-equilibrium mesophases into porous silica structures allows the characterization of surfactant phases under a variety of chemical and physical perturbations, through methods not typically accessible to liquid crystal chemists. A poignant example is the use of electron microscopy and crystallography, as discussed herein, for the purpose of determining the fundamental role of amphiphile curvature, namely mean curvature and Gaussian curvature, which have been extensively studied in various fields such as polymer, liquid crystal, biological membrane, etc. The present work aims to highlight some current studies devoted to the interface curvature on SMCs, in which electron microscopy and electron crystallography (EC) are used to understand the geometry of silica wall surface in bicontinuous and cage-type mesostructures through the investigation of electrostatic potential maps. Additionally, we show that by altering the synthesis conditions during the preparation of SMCs, it is possible to isolate particles during micellar mesophase transformations in the cubic bicontinuous system, allowing us to view and study epitaxial relations under the specific synthesis conditions. By studying the relationship between mesoporous structure, interface curvature and micellar mesophases using electron microscopy and EC, we hope to bring new insights into the formation mechanism of these unique materials but also contribute a new way of understanding periodic liquid crystal systems. PMID:24098848

  9. 2-Mercaptothiazoline modified mesoporous silica for mercury removal from aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Pérez-Quintanilla, Damián; del Hierro, Isabel; Fajardo, Mariano; Sierra, Isabel

    2006-06-30

    Mesoporous silicas (SBA-15 and MCM-41) have been functionalized by two different methods. Using the heterogeneous route the silylating agent, 3-chloropropyltriethoxysilane, was initially immobilized onto the mesoporous silica surface to give the chlorinated mesoporous silica Cl-SBA-15 or Cl-MCM-41. In a second step a multifunctionalized N, S donor compound (2-mercaptothiazoline, MTZ) was incorporated to obtain the functionalized silicas denoted as MTZ-SBA-15-Het or MTZ-MCM-41-Het. Using the homogeneous route, the functionalization was achieved via the one step reaction of the mesoporous silica with an organic ligand containing the chelating functions, to give the modified mesoporous silicas denoted as MTZ-SBA-15-Hom or MTZ-MCM-41-Hom. The functionalized mesoporous silicas were employed as adsorbents for the regeneration of aqueous solutions contaminated with Hg (II) at room temperature. SBA-15 and MCM-41 functionalized with MTZ by the homogeneous method present good mercury adsorption values (1.10 and 0.7mmolHg (II)/g of silica, respectively). This fact suggests a better applicability of such mesoporous silica supports to extract Hg (II) from aqueous solutions. In addition, it was observed the existence of a correlation between mercury adsorption with pore size and volume since, SBA-15 with lower areas and higher pore sizes functionalized with sterically demanding ligands, show better adsorption capacities than functionalized MCM-41.

  10. Silver nanoparticles incorporated onto ordered mesoporous silica from Tollen's reagent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zienkiewicz-Strzałka, M.; Pasieczna-Patkowska, S.; Kozak, M.; Pikus, S.

    2013-02-01

    Noble metal nanostructures supported on mesoporous silica are bridge between traditional silica adsorbents and modern catalysts. In this work the Ag/SBA-15 mesoporous materials were synthesized and characterized. Various forms of nanosilver supported on ordered mesoporous template have been successfully obtained via proposed procedures. In all synthesized materials, Tollen's reagent (diammine silver complex [Ag(NH3)2]+) was used as a silver source. Silver nanoparticles were prepared by reduction of ammoniacal silver complex by formaldehyde in the solution of stabilizer. After reduction, Ag nanoparticles could be deposited on SBA-15, or added during traditional synthesis of SBA-15 giving silver or silver chloride nanoparticles in the combination with porous silica. Silver nanostructures as nanoparticles or nanowires were also embedded onto the SBA-15 by incipient wetness impregnation of silver ions. Absorbed silver ions were next reduced under hydrogen at high temperature. There are many advantages of utilized ammoniacal silver complex as a silver source. Proposed method is capable to synthesis of various metal nanostructures with controlled composition and morphology. The silver ammonia complex is composed of two ions surrounding and protecting the central silver ion, so it is possible to obtain very small nanoparticles using simple approach without any functionalization of external and internal surface of SBA-15. This approach allows obtaining greatly small silver nanoparticles on SBA-15 (4 nm) or nanowires depending on the metal loading amount. Moreover, the colloidal silver solution prepared from Tollen's reagent, in the presence of triblock copolymer, remains stable for a long time. Reduction of Tollen's reagent to silver colloidal solution seems to be efficient, fast and interesting approach for the preparation of supported silver nanostructures Obtained samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), UV

  11. Sponge mesoporous silica formation using disordered phospholipid bilayers as template.

    PubMed

    Galarneau, Anne; Sartori, Federica; Cangiotti, Michela; Mineva, Tzonka; Di Renzo, Francesco; Ottaviani, M Francesca

    2010-02-18

    Lecithin/dodecylamine/lactose mixtures in ethanol/aqueous media led to the formation of sponge mesoporous silica (SMS) materials by means of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as silica source. SMS materials show a "sponge-mesoporous" porosity with a pore diameter of about 5-6 nm, in accordance to the length of a lecithin bilayer. SMS synthesis was developed to create a new class of powerful biocatalysts able to efficiently encapsulate enzymes by adding a porosity control to the classical sol-gel synthesis and by using phospholipids and lactose as protecting agents for the enzymes. In the present study, the formation of SMS was investigated by using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) probes inserted inside phospholipid bilayers. The influence of progressive addition of each component (ethanol, dodecylamine, lactose, TEOS) on phospholipid bilayers was first examined; then, the time evolution of EPR spectra during SMS synthesis was studied. Parameters informative of mobility, structure, order, and polarity around the probes were extracted by computer analysis of the EPR line shape. The results were discussed on the basis of solids characterization by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen isotherm, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The results, together with the well-known ability of ethanol to promote membrane hemifusion, suggested that the templating structure is a bicontinuous phospholipid bilayer phase, shaped as a gyroid, resulting of multiple membrane hemifusions induced by the high alcohol content used in SMS synthesis. SMS synthesis was compared to hexagonal mesoporous silica (HMS) synthesis accomplished by adding TEOS to a dodecylamine/EtOH/water mixture. EPR evidenced the difference between HMS and SMS synthesis; the latter uses an already organized but slowly growing mesophase of phospholipids, never observed before, whereas the former shows a progressive elongation of micelles into wormlike structures. SMS-type materials represent a new

  12. Fabrication of mesoporous silica/polymer composites through solvent evaporation process and investigation of their excellent low thermal expansion property.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Norihiro; Kiba, Shosuke; Yamauchi, Yusuke

    2011-03-21

    We fabricate mesoporous silica/epoxy polymer composites through a solvent evaporation process. The easy penetration of the epoxy polymers into mesopores is achieved by using a diluted polymer solution including a volatile organic solvent. After the complete solvent evaporation, around 90% of the mesopores are estimated to be filled with the epoxy polymer chains. Here we carefully investigate the thermal expansion behavior of the obtained mesoporous silica/polymer composites. Thermal mechanical analysis (TMA) charts revealed that coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE) gradually decreases, as the amount of the doped mesoporous silica increases. Compared with spherical silica particle without mesopores, mesoporous silica particles show a greater effect on lowering the CTE values. Interestingly, it is found that the CTE values are proportionally decreased with the decrease of the total amount of the polymers outside the mesopores. These data demonstrate that polymers embedded inside the mesopores become thermally stable, and do not greatly contribute to the thermal expansion behavior of the composites.

  13. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles deliver DNA and chemicals into plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Torney, François; Trewyn, Brian G.; Lin, Victor S.-Y.; Wang, Kan

    2007-05-01

    Surface-functionalized silica nanoparticles can deliver DNA and drugs into animal cells and tissues. However, their use in plants is limited by the cell wall present in plant cells. Here we show a honeycomb mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) system with 3-nm pores that can transport DNA and chemicals into isolated plant cells and intact leaves. We loaded the MSN with the gene and its chemical inducer and capped the ends with gold nanoparticles to keep the molecules from leaching out. Uncapping the gold nanoparticles released the chemicals and triggered gene expression in the plants under controlled-release conditions. Further developments such as pore enlargement and multifunctionalization of these MSNs may offer new possibilities in target-specific delivery of proteins, nucleotides and chemicals in plant biotechnology.

  14. Mesoporous silica coated silica-titania spherical particles: from impregnation to core-shell formation.

    PubMed

    Shiba, Kota; Takei, Toshiaki; Ogawa, Makoto

    2016-11-22

    The coating of solid surfaces with inorganic materials is a promising approach not only to impart various functionalities but also to modify physicochemical properties that are affected by the geometry/structure of the coating. In this study, a silica-hexadecyltrimethylammonium (silica-CTA) hybrid layer was deposited on monodispersed spherical particles composed of titania and octadecylamine (titania-ODA) by a sol-gel reaction of tetraethoxysilane in aqueous CTA/ammonia/methanol solution. The formation of the coating was confirmed by SEM and TEM observations. The coating thickness varied from a few nm to 100 nm depending on the Si/Ti ratio. We found that Si/Ti = 0.68 resulted in the formation of microporous silica-titania particles with the pore size of 0.7 nm as revealed by nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements. Because the titania-ODA particles can be converted to mesoporous titania particles after removing ODA by acid/base treatment, the silica species can be impregnated into the titania particles and replace ODA under basic conditions. By increasing the Si/Ti molar ratio up to 1.4, silica-titania particles with non-porous structures were obtained. An amorphous to anatase transition occurred at around 800 °C, indicating the complete impregnation of silica inside the titania particles. Further increases of the Si/Ti molar ratio (to 3.4 and 6.8) led to the formation of the silica-CTA shell on the core particles, and the shell was converted to mesoporous silica layers with a pore size of 2 nm after calcination at 550 °C for 5 h. Non-linear control of the pore size/structure is presented for the first time; this will be useful for the precise design of diverse hybrid materials for optical, catalytic and biomedical applications.

  15. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles for biomedical and catalytical applications

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Xiaoxing

    2011-01-01

    Mesoporous silica materials, discovered in 1992 by the Mobile Oil Corporation, have received considerable attention in the chemical industry due to their superior textual properties such as high surface area, large pore volume, tunable pore diameter, and narrow pore size distribution. Among those materials, MCM-41, referred to Mobile Composition of Matter NO. 41, contains honeycomb liked porous structure that is the most common mesoporous molecular sieve studied. Applications of MCM-41 type mesoporous silica material in biomedical field as well as catalytical field have been developed and discussed in this thesis. The unique features of mesoporous silica nanoparticles were utilized for the design of delivery system for multiple biomolecules as described in chapter 2. We loaded luciferin into the hexagonal channels of MSN and capped the pore ends with gold nanoparticles to prevent premature release. Luciferase was adsorbed onto the outer surface of the MSN. Both the MSN and the gold nanoparticles were protected by poly-ethylene glycol to minimize nonspecific interaction of luciferase and keep it from denaturating. Controlled release of luciferin was triggered within the cells and the enzymatic reaction was detected by a luminometer. Further developments by varying enzyme/substrate pairs may provide opportunities to control cell behavior and manipulate intracellular reactions. MSN was also served as a noble metal catalyst support due to its large surface area and its stability with active metals. We prepared MSN with pore diameter of 10 nm (LP10-MSN) which can facilitate mass transfer. And we successfully synthesized an organo silane, 2,2'-Bipyridine-amide-triethoxylsilane (Bpy-amide-TES). Then we were able to functionalize LP10-MSN with bipyridinyl group by both post-grafting method and co-condensation method. Future research of this material would be platinum complexation. This Pt (II) complex catalyst has been reported for a C-H bond activation reaction as an

  16. Mesoporous silica as carrier of antioxidant for food packaging materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buonocore, Giovanna Giuliana; Gargiulo, Nicola; Verdolotti, Letizia; Liguori, Barbara; Lavorgna, Marino; Caputo, Domenico

    2014-05-01

    Mesoporous silicas have been long recognized as very promising materials for the preparation of drug delivery systems. In this work SBA-15 mesoporous silica has been functionalized with amino-silane to be used as carrier of antioxidant compound in the preparation of active food packaging materials exhibiting tailored release properties. Active films have been prepared by loading the antioxidant tocopherol, the purely siliceous SBA-15 and the aminofunctionalized SBA-15 loaded with tocopherol into LDPE matrix trough a two-step process (mixing+extrusion). The aim of the present work is the study of the effect of the pore size and of the chemical functionality of the internal walls of the mesophase on the migration of tocopherol from active LDPE polymer films. Moreover, it has been proved that the addition of the active compound do not worsen the properties of the film such as optical characteristic and water vapor permeability, thus leading to the development of a material which could be favorably used mainly, but not exclusively, in the sector of food packaging.

  17. Facile preparation of mesoporous carbon-silica-coated graphene for the selective enrichment of endogenous peptides.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Quanqing; Zhang, Qinghe; Xiong, Zhichao; Wan, Hao; Chen, Xiaoting; Li, Hongmei; Zou, Hanfa

    2016-01-01

    A sandwich-like composite composed of ordered mesoporous carbon-silica shell-coated graphene (denoted as graphene@mSiO2-C) was prepared by an in-situ carbonation strategy. A mesoporous silica shell was synthesized by a sol-gel method, and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide inside the mesopores were in-situ carbonized as a carbon source to obtain a carbon-silica shell. The resulting mesoporous carbon-silica material with a sandwich structure possesses a high surface area (600 m(2) g(-1)), large pore volume (0.587 cm(3) g(-1)), highly ordered mesoporous pore (3 nm), and high carbon content (30%). This material shows not only high hydrophobicity of graphene and mesoporous carbon but also a hydrophilic silica framework that ensures excellent dispersibility in aqueous solution. The material can capture many more peptides from bovine serum albumin tryptic digests than mesoporous silica shell-coated graphene, demonstrating great enrichment efficiency for peptides. Furthermore, the prepared composite was applied to the enrichment of low-abundance endogenous peptides in human serum. Based on Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/ Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry identification, the graphene@mSiO2-C could efficiently size-exclude proteins and enriches the low-abundant peptides on the graphene and mesoporous carbon. And based on the LC-MS/MS results, 892 endogenous peptides were obtained by graphene@mSiO2-C, hinting at its great potential in peptides analysis.

  18. A controlled release of ibuprofen by systematically tailoring the morphology of mesoporous silica materials

    SciTech Connect

    Qu Fengyu; Zhu Guangshan; Lin Huiming; Zhang Weiwei; Sun Jinyu; Li Shougui; Qiu Shilun . E-mail: sqiu@mail.jlu.edu.cn

    2006-07-15

    A series of mesoporous silica materials with similar pore sizes, different morphologies and variable pore geometries were prepared systematically. In order to control drug release, ibuprofen was employed as a model drug and the influence of morphology and pore geometry of mesoporous silica on drug release profiles was extensively studied. The mesoporous silica and drug-loaded samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, N{sub 2} adsorption and desorption, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the drug-loading amount was directly correlated to the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, pore geometry, and pore volume; while the drug release profiles could be controlled by tailoring the morphologies of mesoporous silica carriers. - Graphical abstract: The release of ibuprofen is controlled by tailoring the morphologies of mesoporous silica. The mesoporous silica and drug-loaded samples are characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, N{sub 2} adsorption and desorption, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The drug-loading amount is directly correlated to the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, pore geometry, and pore volume; while the drug release profiles can be controlled by tailoring the morphologies of mesoporous silica carriers.

  19. Fabrication of mesoporous silica shells on solid silica spheres using anionic surfactants and their potential application in controlling drug release.

    PubMed

    El-Toni, Ahmed Mohamed; Khan, Aslam; Ibrahim, Mohamed Abbas; Al-Hoshan, Mansour; Labis, Joselito Puzon

    2012-11-06

    In this work, mesoporous shells were constructed on solid silica cores by employing anionic surfactante. A co-structure directing agent (CSDA) has assisted the electrostatic interaction between negatively charged silica particles and the negatively charged surfactant molecules. Synthetic parameters such as reaction time and temperature had a significant impact on the formation of mesoporous silica shelld and their textural properties such as surface area and pore volume. Core-mesoporous shell silica spheres were characterized by small angle X-ray scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and N(2) adsorption–desorption analysis. The synthesized particles have a uniformly mesoporous shell of 34–65 nm and possess a surface area of ca. 7–324 m2/g, and pore volume of ca. 0.008–0.261 cc/g. The core-mesoporous shell silica spheres were loaded with ketoprofen drug molecules. The in vitro drug release study suggested that core-mesoporous shell silica spheres are a suitable nanocarrier for drug molecules offering the possibility of having control over their release rate.

  20. Synthesis and Nanofiltration Membrane Performance of Oriented Mesoporous Silica Thin Films on Macroporous Supports.

    PubMed

    Clark Wooten, M Kaitlyn; Koganti, Venkat R; Zhou, Shanshan; Rankin, Stephen E; Knutson, Barbara L

    2016-08-24

    Silica thin films with accessible hexagonal close-packed (HCP) pores have been deposited on macroporous supports to achieve composite nanofiltration membranes. The properties of these pore channels have been characterized through solvent flux and solute diffusion experiments. A chemically neutral surface (provided by a cross-linked layer of P123 copolymer) for silica thin film synthesis on the alumina macroporous support promotes the alignment of HCP channels vertical to the substrate, where the mesopore templating agent is block copolymer P123 (poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)). Vertical pore alignment is achieved for thin films (less than ∼100 nm) on a neutral surface and by sandwiching thicker films (∼240 nm) between two chemically neutral surfaces. Solvent flux through the composite membranes is consistent with accessible 10 nm diameter pores. Size selectivity of the membranes is characterized from the permeability of fluorescently tagged solutes (ranging from 4000 to 70 000 Da), where a size cut off occurs at 69 000 Da for the model protein bovine serum albumin. These permeability studies of the nanofiltration membranes serve to demonstrate solute transport in oriented silica thin film membranes and also highlight their versatility for membrane-based separations.

  1. Influence of spatial configurations on electromagnetic interference shielding of ordered mesoporous carbon/ordered mesoporous silica/silica composites

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jiacheng; Zhou, Hu; Zhuang, Jiandong; Liu, Qian

    2013-01-01

    Ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs), obtained by nanocasting using ordered mesoporous silicas (OMSs) as hard templates, exhibit unique arrangements of ordered regular nanopore/nanowire mesostructures. Here, we used nanocasting combined with hot-pressing to prepare 10 wt% OMC/OMS/SiO2 ternary composites possessing various carbon mesostructure configurations of different dimensionalities (1D isolated CS41 carbon nanowires, 2D hexagonal CMK-3 carbon, and 3D cubic CMK-1 carbon). The electric/dielectric properties and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding efficiency (SE) of the composites were influenced by spatial configurations of carbon networks. The complex permittivity and the EMI SE of the composites in the X-band frequency range decreased for the carbon mesostructures in the following order: CMK-3-filled > CMK-1-filled > CS41-filled. Our study provides technical directions for designing and preparing high-performance EMI shielding materials. Our OMC-based silica composites can be used for EMI shielding, especially in high-temperature or corrosive environments, owing to the high stability of the OMC/OMS fillers and the SiO2 matrix. Related shielding mechanisms are also discussed. PMID:24248277

  2. On-Chip Evaluation of Shear Stress Effect on Cytotoxicity of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Donghyuk; Lin, Yu-Shen; Haynes, Christy L.

    2011-01-01

    In this work, nanotoxicity in the bloodstream was modeled and the cytotoxicity of sub-50 nm mesoporous silica nanoparticles to human endothelial cells was investigated under microfluidic flow conditions. Compared to traditional in vitro cytotoxicity assays performed under static conditions, unmodified mesoporous silica nanoparticles show higher and shear stress-dependent toxicity to endothelial cells under flow conditions. Interestingly, even under flow conditions, highly organo-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles show no significant toxicity to endothelial cells. This paper clearly demonstrates that shear stress is an important factor to be considered in in vitro nanotoxicology assessments and provides a simple device for pursuing this consideration. PMID:22032307

  3. Hierarchical mesoporous silica nanofibers as multifunctional scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration.

    PubMed

    Ravichandran, Ranjithkumar; Gandhi, Sakthivel; Sundaramurthi, Dhakshinamoorthy; Sethuraman, Swaminathan; Krishnan, Uma Maheswari

    2013-01-01

    Mesoporous materials with pore sizes between 2 and 50 nm have elicited widespread interest in catalysis, separation, adsorption, sensors, and drug delivery applications due to its highly ordered pore size along with high hydrothermal stability and easily modifiable surface functionalities. Fabricating these mesoporous materials as continuous fibers offers exciting vistas for biomedical applications especially in tissue engineering. The aim of the present study was to fabricate, characterize, and evaluate the cellular and gene expression of mesoporous silica with a long ordered fibrous morphology to support regeneration of bone tissue. Tetraethyl orthosilicate, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, and the tri-block copolymer P-123 were subjected to electrospinning to fabricate continuous ordered mesoporous silica nanofibers by optimizing solution and operation parameters. Mesoporous silica fibers with an average diameter of 470 nm and mesopores of dimension 5.97 nm were obtained. The combination of micropores, mesopores, macropores, and the nanofibrous morphology imparted excellent bioactivity to the mesoporous silica fibrous scaffolds as demonstrated by the proliferation of human osteoblast-like cells (MG63) and by the maintenance of its phenotype. The upregulation of collagen I, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, osteopontin, and bone sialoprotein signifies the maturation of MG63 cells on the silica scaffold. Hence, these novel scaffolds are promising new biomaterials for orthopaedic applications.

  4. PEG-templated mesoporous silica nanoparticles exclusively target cancer cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morelli, Catia; Maris, Pamela; Sisci, Diego; Perrotta, Enrico; Brunelli, Elvira; Perrotta, Ida; Panno, Maria Luisa; Tagarelli, Antonio; Versace, Carlo; Casula, Maria Francesca; Testa, Flaviano; Andò, Sebastiano; Nagy, Janos B.; Pasqua, Luigi

    2011-08-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been proposed as DNA and drug delivery carriers, as well as efficient tools for fluorescent cell tracking. The major limitation is that MSNs enter cells regardless of a target-specific functionalization. Here we show that non functionalized MSNs, synthesized using a PEG surfactant-based interfacial synthesis procedure, do not enter cells, while a highly specific, receptor mediated, cellular internalization of folic acid (FOL) grafted MSNs (MSN-FOL), occurs exclusively in folate receptor (FR) expressing cells. Neither the classical clathrin pathway nor macropinocytosis is involved in the MSN endocytic process, while fluorescent MSNs (MSN-FITC) enter cells through aspecific, caveolae-mediated, endocytosis. Moreover, internalized particles seem to be mostly exocytosed from cells within 96 h. Finally, cisplatin (Cp) loaded MSN-FOL were tested on cancerous FR-positive (HeLa) or normal FR-negative (HEK293) cells. A strong growth arrest was observed only in HeLa cells treated with MSN-FOL-Cp. The results presented here show that our mesoporous nanoparticles do not enter cells unless opportunely functionalized, suggesting that they could represent a promising vehicle for drug targeting applications.Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been proposed as DNA and drug delivery carriers, as well as efficient tools for fluorescent cell tracking. The major limitation is that MSNs enter cells regardless of a target-specific functionalization. Here we show that non functionalized MSNs, synthesized using a PEG surfactant-based interfacial synthesis procedure, do not enter cells, while a highly specific, receptor mediated, cellular internalization of folic acid (FOL) grafted MSNs (MSN-FOL), occurs exclusively in folate receptor (FR) expressing cells. Neither the classical clathrin pathway nor macropinocytosis is involved in the MSN endocytic process, while fluorescent MSNs (MSN-FITC) enter cells through aspecific, caveolae

  5. Impregnation of Fenofibrate on mesoporous silica using supercritical carbon dioxide.

    PubMed

    Bouledjouidja, Abir; Masmoudi, Yasmine; Van Speybroeck, Michiel; Schueller, Laurent; Badens, Elisabeth

    2016-02-29

    Low oral bioavailability can be circumvented by the formulation of the poorly water soluble drug in ordered mesoporous silica (OMS-L-7). Fenofibrate is an orally administered, poorly water-soluble active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), used clinically to lower lipid levels. Fenofibrate was loaded into silica using two methods: incipient wetness and supercritical impregnation. This study investigates the impact of loading and the impact of varying supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) processing conditions. The objective is to enhance Fenofibrate loading into silica while reducing degree of the drug crystallinity, so as to increase the drug's dissolution rate and its bioavailability. The comparison of both impregnation processes was made in terms of impregnation yields and duration as well as physical characterization of the drug. While incipient wetness method led to a Fenofibrate loading up to 300 mgdrug/gsilica in 48 h of impregnation, the supercritical impregnation method yielded loading up to 485 mgdrug/gsilica in 120 min of impregnation duration, at 16 MPa and 308 K, with a low degree of crystallinity (about 1%) comparable to the crystallinity observed via the solvent method. In addition to the enhancement of impregnation efficiency, the supercritical route provides a solvent-free alternative for impregnation.

  6. Synthesis of mesoporous silica materials from municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhen-Shu; Li, Wen-Kai; Huang, Chun-Yi

    2014-05-01

    Incinerator bottom ash contains a large amount of silica and can hence be used as a silica source for the synthesis of mesoporous silica materials. In this study, the conditions for alkaline fusion to extract silica from incinerator bottom ash were investigated, and the resulting supernatant solution was used as the silica source for synthesizing mesoporous silica materials. The physical and chemical characteristics of the mesoporous silica materials were analyzed using BET, XRD, FTIR, SEM, and solid-state NMR. The results indicated that the BET surface area and pore size distribution of the synthesized silica materials were 992 m2/g and 2-3.8 nm, respectively. The XRD patterns showed that the synthesized materials exhibited a hexagonal pore structure with a smaller order. The NMR spectra of the synthesized materials exhibited three peaks, corresponding to Q(2) [Si(OSi)2(OH)2], Q(3) [Si(OSi)3(OH)], and Q(4) [Si(OSi)4]. The FTIR spectra confirmed the existence of a surface hydroxyl group and the occurrence of symmetric Si-O stretching. Thus, mesoporous silica was successfully synthesized from incinerator bottom ash. Finally, the effectiveness of the synthesized silica in removing heavy metals (Pb2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, and Cr2+) from aqueous solutions was also determined. The results showed that the silica materials synthesized from incinerator bottom ash have potential for use as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions.

  7. Spherical ordered mesoporous silicas and silica monoliths as stationary phases for liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Galarneau, Anne; Iapichella, Julien; Brunel, Daniel; Fajula, François; Bayram-Hahn, Zöfre; Unger, Klaus; Puy, Guillaume; Demesmay, Claire; Rocca, Jean-Louis

    2006-04-01

    Ordered mesoporous silicas such as micelle-templated silicas (MTS) feature unique textural properties in addition to their high surface area (approximately 1000 m2/g): narrow mesopore size distributions and controlled pore connectivity. These characteristics are highly relevant to chromatographic applications for resistance to mass transfer, which has never been studied in chromatography because of the absence of model materials such as MTS. Their synthesis is based on unique self-assembly processes between surfactants and silica. In order to take advantage of the perfectly adjustable texture of MTS in chromatographic applications, their particle morphology has to be tailored at the micrometer scale. We developed a synthesis strategy to control the particle morphology of MTS using the concept of pseudomorphic transformation. Pseudomorphism was recognized in the mineral world to gain a mineral that presents a morphology not related to its crystallographic symmetry group. Pseudomorphic transformations have been applied to amorphous spherical silica particles usually used in chromatography as stationary phases to produce MTS with the same morphology, using alkaline solution to dissolve progressively and locally silica and reprecipitate it around surfactant micelles into ordered MTS structures. Spherical beads of MTS with hexagonal and cubic symmetries have been synthesized and successfully used in HPLC in fast separation processes. MTS with a highly connected structure (cubic symmetry), uniform pores with a diameter larger than 6 nm in the form of particles of 5 microm could compete with monolithic silica columns. Monolithic columns are receiving strong interest and represent a milestone in the area of fast separation. Their synthesis is a sol-gel process based on phase separation between silica and water, which is assisted by the presence of polymers. The control of the synthesis of monolithic silica has been systematically explored. Because of unresolved yet

  8. One-step synthesis of degradable T1-FeOOH functionalized hollow mesoporous silica nanocomposites from mesoporous silica spheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Yung-Kang; Tseng, Yu-Jui; Liu, Chien-Liang; Chou, Shang-Wei; Chen, Yu-Wei; Tsang, S. C. Edman; Chou, Pi-Tai

    2015-01-01

    The combination of a hollow mesoporous structure and a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent has shown its potential in simultaneous drug delivery and cell tracking applications. However, the preparation of this kind of nanocomposite is complicated and usually takes several days, which is unsuitable for scaled-up production. To overcome these hurdles, we report herein a facile method to synthesize iron oxide hydroxide functionalized hollow mesoporous silica spheres (FeOOH/HMSS) in a one-step manner. By carefully controlling the reaction kinetics of K2FeO4 in water, the gram-scale production of FeOOH/HMSS can be readily achieved at 60 °C for as short as 30 min. Most importantly, this synthetic process is also cost-effective and eco-friendly in both the precursor (K2FeO4 and H2O) and the product (FeOOH). The mechanism for the formation of a hollow structure was carefully investigated, which involves the synergetic effect of the surfactant CTAB and the side product KOH. Having outstanding biocompatibility, these degradable nanocolloids also demonstrate their feasibility in in vitro/vivo MR imaging and in vitro drug delivery.The combination of a hollow mesoporous structure and a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent has shown its potential in simultaneous drug delivery and cell tracking applications. However, the preparation of this kind of nanocomposite is complicated and usually takes several days, which is unsuitable for scaled-up production. To overcome these hurdles, we report herein a facile method to synthesize iron oxide hydroxide functionalized hollow mesoporous silica spheres (FeOOH/HMSS) in a one-step manner. By carefully controlling the reaction kinetics of K2FeO4 in water, the gram-scale production of FeOOH/HMSS can be readily achieved at 60 °C for as short as 30 min. Most importantly, this synthetic process is also cost-effective and eco-friendly in both the precursor (K2FeO4 and H2O) and the product (FeOOH). The mechanism for the formation of a

  9. Breakable mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Maggini, Laura; Cabrera, Ingrid; Ruiz-Carretero, Amparo; Prasetyanto, Eko A; Robinet, Eric; De Cola, Luisa

    2016-04-07

    "Pop goes the particle". Here we report on the preparation of redox responsive mesoporous organo-silica nanoparticles containing disulfide (S-S) bridges (ss-NPs) that, even upon the exohedral grafting of targeting ligands, retained their ability to undergo structural degradation, and increase their local release activity when exposed to a reducing agent. This degradation could be observed also inside glioma C6 cancer cells. Moreover, when anticancer drug-loaded pristine and derivatized ss-NPs were fed to glioma C6 cells, the responsive hybrids were more effective in their cytotoxic action compared to non-breakable particles. The possibility of tailoring the surface functionalization of this hybrid, yet preserving its self-destructive behavior and enhanced drug delivery properties, paves the way for the development of effective biodegradable materials for in vivo targeted drug delivery.

  10. Using Silica Sol as a Nanoglue to Prepare Nanoscale Mesoporous Composite Gel and Aerogels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-03-31

    entitled: "USING SILICA SOL AS A NANOGLUE TO PREPARE NANOSCALE MESOPOROUS COMPOSITE GEL AND AEROGELS" Request for release for publication. REF...L. Anderson, Karen E. Swider Lyons, Ceha I. Merzbacher, Joseph V. Ryan and Veronica M. Cepak 3 MESOPOROUS COMPOSITE GELS AND AEROGELS 4 5 6 1...to mesoporous composite gels and aerogels and their various uses. 9 10 2. Description of the Background Art 11 Xerogels and aerogels

  11. Encapsulation of PEG-modified myoglobin in hydrophobic mesoporous silica as studied by optical waveguide spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Arafune, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Akira; Hotta, Kazuhiro; Itoh, Tetsuji; Teramae, Norio

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to apply optical waveguide (OWG) spectroscopy to characterize the encapsulation behavior of enzymes modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG), i.e. pegylation, in a hydrophobic mesoporous silica film. For that purpose, pegylated myoglobin (PEG-Mb) was introduced into the silica mesopores modified with octadecylsilyl (ODS) groups and studied by OWG spectroscopy. OWG spectroscopy confirmed that the hydrophobic interaction between the PEG group and the surface ODS group promoted the encapsulation of PEG-Mb into the hydrophobic silica mesopores. The surface density of ODS affected the adsorbed amount of PEG-Mb and the higher surface density of the ODS group resulted in the suppression of adsorption and diffusion of PEG-Mb inside the pore. Since the desorption rate of PEG-Mb was found to be much slower than the adsorption rate, the pegylation of an enzyme could be effective for the enzyme encapsulation into the hydrophobic mesoporous silica host.

  12. Pseudorotaxane capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) detection in water.

    PubMed

    Lozano-Torres, Beatriz; Pascual, Lluís; Bernardos, Andrea; Marcos, María D; Jeppesen, Jan O; Salinas, Yolanda; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Sancenón, Félix

    2017-03-23

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with fluorescein and capped by a pseudorotaxane, formed between a naphthalene derivative and cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT(4+)), were used for the selective and sensitive fluorogenic detection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA).

  13. Homopiperazine grafted mesoporous silicas from rice husk ash for CO2 adsorption.

    PubMed

    Vinodh, Rajangam; Bhagiyalakshmi, Margandan; Hemalatha, Pushparaj; Ganesh, Mani; Peng, Mei Mei; Palanichamy, Muthiahpillai; Cha, Wang Seog; Jang, Hyun Tae

    2014-06-01

    Chloro-functionalized mesoporous MCM-41, SBA-15, MCM-48 and KIT-6 were synthesized by co-condensation of 3-chloropropyl-trimethoxy-silane (CPTMS) and rice husk ash sodium silicate solution, which is subsequently grafted with a heterocyclic amine, homopiperazine (HPZ). X-ray powder diffraction and BET analysis of the chloro-functionalized mesoporous silicas confirmed the similarity between their structural properties and those obtained from conventional silica sources. CO2 adsorption studies of all HPZ-grafted mesoporous silicas exhibited 8-10 wt% of adsorption capacity and are found to be selective, recyclable and thermally stable. Here, the CO2 adsorption reaction is via the traditional carbamate mechanism. The presence of both secondary and tertiary amine in HPZ influences the high CO2 adsorption capacity. Hence, these HPZ-grafted mesoporous silicas could contribute to CO2 capture as a green, tunable, selective and efficient sorbent.

  14. Breakable mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maggini, Laura; Cabrera, Ingrid; Ruiz-Carretero, Amparo; Prasetyanto, Eko A.; Robinet, Eric; de Cola, Luisa

    2016-03-01

    ``Pop goes the particle''. Here we report on the preparation of redox responsive mesoporous organo-silica nanoparticles containing disulfide (S-S) bridges (ss-NPs) that, even upon the exohedral grafting of targeting ligands, retained their ability to undergo structural degradation, and increase their local release activity when exposed to a reducing agent. This degradation could be observed also inside glioma C6 cancer cells. Moreover, when anticancer drug-loaded pristine and derivatized ss-NPs were fed to glioma C6 cells, the responsive hybrids were more effective in their cytotoxic action compared to non-breakable particles. The possibility of tailoring the surface functionalization of this hybrid, yet preserving its self-destructive behavior and enhanced drug delivery properties, paves the way for the development of effective biodegradable materials for in vivo targeted drug delivery.``Pop goes the particle''. Here we report on the preparation of redox responsive mesoporous organo-silica nanoparticles containing disulfide (S-S) bridges (ss-NPs) that, even upon the exohedral grafting of targeting ligands, retained their ability to undergo structural degradation, and increase their local release activity when exposed to a reducing agent. This degradation could be observed also inside glioma C6 cancer cells. Moreover, when anticancer drug-loaded pristine and derivatized ss-NPs were fed to glioma C6 cells, the responsive hybrids were more effective in their cytotoxic action compared to non-breakable particles. The possibility of tailoring the surface functionalization of this hybrid, yet preserving its self-destructive behavior and enhanced drug delivery properties, paves the way for the development of effective biodegradable materials for in vivo targeted drug delivery. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Full experimental procedures, additional SEM and TEM images of particles, complete UV-Vis and PL-monitored characterization of the breakdown of

  15. Structure and luminescence properties of eu3+-doped cubic mesoporous silica thin films.

    PubMed

    Lu, Qingshan; Wang, Zhongying; Wang, Peiyu; Li, Jiangong

    2010-02-11

    Eu3+ ions-doped cubic mesoporous silica thin films with a thickness of about 205 nm were prepared on silicon and glass substrates using triblock copolymer as a structure-directing agent using sol-gel spin-coating and calcination processes. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analysis show that the mesoporous silica thin films have a highly ordered body-centered cubic mesoporous structure. High Eu3+ ion loading and high temperature calcination do not destroy the ordered cubic mesoporous structure of the mesoporous silica thin films. Photoluminescence spectra show two characteristic emission peaks corresponding to the transitions of5D0-7F1 and 5D0-7F2 of Eu3+ ions located in low symmetry sites in mesoporous silica thin films. With the Eu/Si molar ratio increasing to 3.41%, the luminescence intensity of the Eu3+ ions-doped mesoporous silica thin films increases linearly with increasing Eu3+ concentration.

  16. Carbohydrate-Conjugated Hollow Oblate Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Nanoantibiotics to Target Mycobacteria

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Nanjing; Chen, Xuan; Jeon, Seaho

    2015-01-01

    Engineering nanomaterials with enhanced antibacterial activities remains a critical and practical challenge. Hollow oblate mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HOMSNs) are synthesized by a simple protocol of ammonia hydrothermal treatment of oblate mesoporous silica nanoparticles prepared using dibenzyl ether as a co-solvent. When conjugate with trehalose as the targeting ligand, the antibiotic-encapsulated HOMSNs exhibit high binding affinity and antibacterial efficacy towards mycobacteria. PMID:26450697

  17. One-step synthesis of hydrophobic mesoporous silica and its application in nonylphenol adsorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Yanling; Song, Jinliang; Wu, Dong; Tang, Tao; Sun, Yuhan

    2015-11-01

    Highly CH3-functionalized mesoporous silica with nearly spherical morphology was synthesized under acidic conditions by co-condensation of two different silica precursors polymethylhydrosiloxane (PMHS) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) in the presence of triblock copolymer P123 as template. XRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, HRTEM, SEM and 29Si MAS NMR were used to identify its highly-ordered mesopore array structure, nearly spherical particle morphology and CH3 functionalization of the as-synthesized material. The resulting hydrophobic mesoporous silica possessed regular mesochannel arrays, indicating that the introduction of PMHS had little impact on the formation of an ordered mesostructure. Also, PMHS played an important role in morphology control and organic functionalization, ensuring nearly spherical particle morphology and high CH3 functionalization degree of the obtained mesoporous silica material. As compared with pristine mesoporous silica SBA-15, the hydrophobic mesoporous silica showed the higher adsorption performance when they were used as adsorbents to remove organic pollutant nonylphenol at a very low concentration from aqueous solution.

  18. One-step synthesis of degradable T(1)-FeOOH functionalized hollow mesoporous silica nanocomposites from mesoporous silica spheres.

    PubMed

    Peng, Yung-Kang; Tseng, Yu-Jui; Liu, Chien-Liang; Chou, Shang-Wei; Chen, Yu-Wei; Tsang, S C Edman; Chou, Pi-Tai

    2015-02-14

    The combination of a hollow mesoporous structure and a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent has shown its potential in simultaneous drug delivery and cell tracking applications. However, the preparation of this kind of nanocomposite is complicated and usually takes several days, which is unsuitable for scaled-up production. To overcome these hurdles, we report herein a facile method to synthesize iron oxide hydroxide functionalized hollow mesoporous silica spheres (FeOOH/HMSS) in a one-step manner. By carefully controlling the reaction kinetics of K2FeO4 in water, the gram-scale production of FeOOH/HMSS can be readily achieved at 60 °C for as short as 30 min. Most importantly, this synthetic process is also cost-effective and eco-friendly in both the precursor (K2FeO4 and H2O) and the product (FeOOH). The mechanism for the formation of a hollow structure was carefully investigated, which involves the synergetic effect of the surfactant CTAB and the side product KOH. Having outstanding biocompatibility, these degradable nanocolloids also demonstrate their feasibility in in vitro/vivo MR imaging and in vitro drug delivery.

  19. Mechanical Stability of Templated Mesoporous Silica Thin Films

    SciTech Connect

    Williford, Rick E.; Li, Xiaohong S.; Addleman, Raymond S.; Fryxell, Glen E.; Baskaran, Suresh; Birnbaum, Jerome C.; Coyle, Christopher A.; Zemanian, Thomas S.; Wang, Chong M.; Courtney, Andrea R.

    2005-11-07

    Mesoporous silica thin films about 1 micron thick were prepared by spin casting using several organic templates that provide a range of pore structures from disordered (sponge-like) to more ordered (honeycomb-like) 2D hexagonal arrays. Nanoindentation measurements indicate that the elastic modulus (E), and thus the density, of the pore wall material are substantially lower than for fused silica. The corresponding lower dielectric constant for pore walls was used to calculate film porosities (P) with recent correlations from the literature. Curve fits to the standard modulus vs. porosity correlation, E/Eporewall=(1-P)n, for the films gave lower n=2.2 for the honeycomb-like film with higher E, but higher n=2.5 for the sponge-like film with lower E, in contrast to theoretical expectations (n=2 for sponge-like and n=3 for honeycomb-like). Although the dielectric constant depends primarily on first-order structural information (P), the elastic modulus of these structurally imperfect films required second-order (pore wall thickness/diameter ratio) and third-order (pore connectivity) parameters to resolve the data. The power law exponent n can vary continuously, depending on the details of the mesostructure, and should not be assumed a' priori unless justified by detailed structural information

  20. Fabrication of continuous highly ordered mesoporous silica nanofibre with core/sheath structure and its application as catalyst carrier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Haiyan; Wu, Dayong; Li, Dongzhou; Niu, Zhongwei; Chen, Yuzhe; Tang, Daihua; Wu, Min; Cao, Jianhua; Huang, Yong

    2011-09-01

    A core/sheath structured mesoporous silica nanofibre was prepared by coaxial electrospinning combined with the solvent evaporation induced surfactant assembly process. The characterization has given convincing evidence for the continuous highly ordered mesoporous structures, and its catalyst application was tested.A core/sheath structured mesoporous silica nanofibre was prepared by coaxial electrospinning combined with the solvent evaporation induced surfactant assembly process. The characterization has given convincing evidence for the continuous highly ordered mesoporous structures, and its catalyst application was tested. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Synthesis of highly ordered mesoporous silica nanofibres and immobilized catalysts, characterization, and photosensitized oxidation. See DOI: 10.1039/c1nr10547g

  1. Preparation of Mesoporous Silica Templated Metal Nanowire Films on Foamed Nickel Substrates

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, Roger; Kenik, Edward A; Bakker, Martin; Havrilla, George; Montoya, Velma; Shamsuzzoha, Mohammed

    2006-01-01

    A method has been developed for the formation of high surface area nanowire films on planar and three-dimensional metal electrodes. These nanowire films are formed via electrodeposition into a mesoporous silica film. The mesoporous silica films are formed by a sol-gel process using Pluronic tri-block copolymers to template mesopore formation on both planar and three-dimensional metal electrodes. Surface area increases of up to 120-fold have been observed in electrodes containing a templated film when compared to the same types of electrodes without the templated film.

  2. Mesoporous CLEAs-silica composite microparticles with high activity and enhanced stability

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Jiandong; Jia, Shiru; Liang, Longhao; Zhao, Yamin; Feng, Yuxiao

    2015-01-01

    A novel enzyme immobilization approach was used to generate mesoporous enzymes-silica composite microparticles by co-entrapping gelatinized starch and cross-linked phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) aggregates (CLEAs) containing gelatinized starch into biomemitic silica and subsequently removing the starch by α-amylase treatment. During the preparation process, the gelatinzed starch served as a pore-forming agent to create pores in CLEAs and biomimetic silica. The resulting mesoporous CLEAs-silica composite microparticles exhibited higher activity and stability than native PAL, conventional CLEAs, and PAL encapsulated in biomimetic silica. Furthermore, the mesoporous CLEAs-silica composite microparticles displayed good reusability due to its suitable size and mechanical properties, and had excellent stability for storage. The superior catalytic performances were attributed to the combinational unique structure from the intra-cross-linking among enzyme aggregates and hard mesoporous silica shell, which not only decreased the enzyme-support negative interaction and mass-transfer limitations, but also improved the mechanical properties and monodispersity. This approach will be highly beneficial for preparing various bioactive mesoporous composites with excellent catalytic performance. PMID:26374188

  3. Mesoporous silica-magnetite nanocomposite synthesized by using a neutral surfactant.

    PubMed

    Souza, K C; Salazar-Alvarez, G; Ardisson, J D; Macedo, W A A; Sousa, E M B

    2008-05-07

    Magnetite nanoparticles coated by mesoporous silica were synthesized by an alternative chemical route using a neutral surfactant and without the application of any functionalization method. The magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles were prepared by precipitation from aqueous media, and then coated with mesoporous silica by using nonionic block copolymer surfactants as the structure-directing agents. The mesoporous SiO(2)-coated Fe(3)O(4) samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, N(2) adsorption-desorption isotherms, transmission electron microscopy, (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry. Our results revealed that the magnetite nanoparticles are completely coated by well-ordered mesoporous silica with free pores and stable (∼8 nm thick) pore walls, and that the structural and magnetic properties of the Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles are preserved in the applied synthesis route.

  4. Surface functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for intracellular drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vivero-Escoto, Juan Luis

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are a highly promising platform for intracellular controlled release of drugs and biomolecules. Despite that the application of MSNs in the field of intracellular drug delivery is still at its infancy very exciting breakthroughs have been achieved in the last years. A general review of the most recent progress in this area of research is presented, including a description of the latest findings on the pathways of entry into live mammalian cells together with the intracellular trafficking, a summary on the contribution of MSNs to the development of site-specific drug delivery systems, a report on the biocompatibility of this material in vitro andin vivo, and a discussion on the most recent breakthroughs in the synthesis and application of stimuli-responsive mesoporous silica-based delivery vehicles. A gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-capped MSNs-based intracellular photoinduced drug delivery system (PR-AuNPs-MSNs) for the controlled release of anticancer drug inside of human fibroblast and liver cells was synthesized and characterized. We found that the mesoporous channels of MSNs could be efficiently capped by the photoresponsive AuNPs without leaking the toxic drug, paclitaxel, inside of human cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the cargo-release property of this PR-AuNPs-MSNs system could be easily photo-controlled under mild and biocompatible conditions in vitro. In collaboration with Renato Mortera (a visiting student from Italy), a MSNs based intracellular delivery system for controlled release of cell membrane impermeable cysteine was developed. A large amount of cysteine molecules were covalently attached to the silica surface of MSNs through cleavable disulfide linkers. These cysteine-containing nanoparticles were efficiently endocytosed by human cervical cancer cells HeLa. These materials exhibit 450 times higher cell growth inhibition capability than that of the conventional N-acetylcysteine prodrug. The ability to

  5. Curcumin loaded mesoporous silica: an effective drug delivery system for cancer treatment.

    PubMed

    Kotcherlakota, Rajesh; Barui, Ayan Kumar; Prashar, Sanjiv; Fajardo, Mariano; Briones, David; Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio; Patra, Chitta Ranjan; Gómez-Ruiz, Santiago

    2016-03-01

    In the present study, we report the delivery of anti-cancer drug curcumin to cancer cells using mesoporous silica materials. A series of mesoporous silica material based drug delivery systems (S2, S4 and S6) were first designed and developed through the amine functionalization of KIT-6, MSU-2 and MCM-41 followed by the loading of curcumin. The curcumin loaded materials were characterized with several physico-chemical techniques and thoroughly screened on cancer cells to evaluate their in vitro drug delivery efficacy. All the curcumin loaded silica materials exhibited higher cellular uptake and inhibition of cancer cell viability compared to pristine curcumin. The effective internalization of curcumin in cancer cells through the mesoporous silica materials initiated the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the down regulation of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) enzyme levels compared to free curcumin leading to the activation of apoptosis. This study shows that the anti-cancer activity of curcumin can be potentiated by loading onto mesoporous silica materials. Therefore, we strongly believe that mesoporous silica based curcumin loaded drug delivery systems may have future potential applications for the treatment of cancers.

  6. Synthesis of stable ACC using mesoporous silica gel as a support

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Stable amorphous calcium carbonate supported by mesoporous silica gel was successfully synthesized. The silica gel support is prepared through the hydrolytic polycondensation of ethyl silicate under suitable conditions. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) observations reveal that the morphology of the products is branched with cruciform-like and flower-like structure. Raman spectroscopic analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation of the products confirm the combination of stable amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) nanoparticles and mesoporous silica gel. A possible growth mechanism for the branched structure has been proposed. Results indicate potential application of this work to ACC storage, crystal engineering, biomimetic synthesis, etc. PMID:25246865

  7. Synthesis of novel thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica nanorods and their sorbent properties on heavy metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xi; Cai, Qiang; Sun, Lin-Hao; Zhang, Wei; Jiang, Xing-Yu

    2012-09-01

    Novel thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica nanorods (MSNRs) were synthesized through a base co-condensation method, in which two organoalkoxysilanes, tetraethoxylsilane (TEOS) and bis[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]tetrasulfide (TESPT), were used as silica precursors simultaneously. TESPT was firstly used for both morphology control and inner surface functionalization of mesoporous silica hybrid materials. The microstructures as well as porous character of the MSNRs were characterized by means of SEM, XRD, TEM and N2 sorption measurements. Infrared spectrum analysis and heavy metal ions (Ag+ and Cd2+) adsorption measurements were carried out to confirm the functionalized framework of MSNRs.

  8. Bio-templated synthesis of highly ordered macro-mesoporous silica material for sustained drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qu, Fengyu; Lin, Huiming; Wu, Xiang; Li, Xiaofeng; Qiu, Shilun; Zhu, Guangshan

    2010-05-01

    The bimodal porous structured silica materials consisting of macropores with the diameter of 5-20 μm and framework-like mesopores with the diameter of 4.7-6.0 nm were prepared using natural Manchurian ash and mango linin as macropored hard templates and P123 as mesopore soft templates, respectively. The macroporous structures of Manchurian ash and mango linin were replicated with the walls containing highly ordered mesoporous silica as well. As-synthesized dual porous silica was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption/desorption, fourier transform IR (FTIR) spectroscopy, and thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA). Ibuprofen (Ibu) was employed as a model drug and the release profiles showed that the dual porous material had a sustained drug delivery capability. And such highly ordered dual pore silica materials may have potential applications for bimolecular adsorption/separation and tissue repairing.

  9. Label-Free Luminescent Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Imaging and Drug Delivery

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Hongmin; Zhen, Zipeng; Tang, Wei; Todd, Trever; Chuang, Yen-Jun; Wang, Lianchun; Pan, Zhengwei; Xie, Jin

    2013-01-01

    We report herein a straightforward and label-free approach to prepare luminescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles. We found that calcination at 400 °C can grant mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles with strong fluorescence of great photo- and chemical stability. The luminescence is found to originate from the carbon dots generated from the calcination, rather than the defects in the silica matrix as was believed previously. The calcination does not impact the particles' abilities to load drugs and conjugate to biomolecules. In a proof-of-concept study, we demonstrated that doxorubicin (Dox) can be efficiently encapsulated into these fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles. After coupled to c(RGDyK), the nanoconjugates can efficiently home to tumors through interactions with integrin αvβ3 overexpressed on the tumor vasculature. This calcination-induced luminescence is expected to find wide applications in silica-based drug delivery, nanoparticle coating, and immunofluorescence imaging. PMID:24052805

  10. Mesoporous Silica-Supported Amidozirconium-Catalyzed Carbonyl Hydroboration

    DOE PAGES

    Eedugurala, Naresh; Wang, Zhuoran; Chaudhary, Umesh; ...

    2015-11-04

    The hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones using a silica-supported zirconium catalyst is reported. Reaction of Zr(NMe2)4 and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) provides the catalytic material Zr(NMe2)n@MSN. Exhaustive characterization of Zr(NMe2)n@MSN with solid-state (SS)NMR and infrared spectroscopy, as well as through reactivity studies, suggests its surface structure is primarily ≡SiOZr(NMe2)3. The presence of these nitrogen-containing zirconium sites is supported by 15N NMR spectroscopy, including natural abundance 15N NMR measurements using dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) SSNMR. The Zr(NMe2)n@MSN material reacts with pinacolborane (HBpin) to provide Me2NBpin and the material ZrH/Bpin@MSN that is composed of interacting surface-bonded zirconium hydride and surface-bonded borane ≡SiOBpinmore » moieties in an approximately 1:1 ratio, as well as zirconium sites coordinated by dimethylamine. The ZrH/Bpin@MSN is characterized by 1H/2H and 11B SSNMR and infrared spectroscopy and through its reactivity with D2. The zirconium hydride material or the zirconium amide precursor Zr(NMe2)n@MSN catalyzes the selective hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones with HBpin in the presence of functional groups that are often reduced under hydroboration conditions or are sensitive to metal hydrides, including olefins, alkynes, nitro groups, halides, and ethers. Remarkably, this catalytic material may be recycled without loss of activity at least eight times, and air-exposed materials are catalytically active. These supported zirconium centers are robust catalytic sites for carbonyl reduction and that surface-supported, catalytically reactive zirconium hydride may be generated from zirconium-amide or zirconium alkoxide sites.« less

  11. Mixed surfactants-directed the mesoporous silica materials with various morphologies and structures

    SciTech Connect

    Lin Huiming; Qu Fengyu; Wu Xiang; Xue Ming; Zhu Guangshan; Qiu Shilun

    2011-06-15

    A new mixed surfactants system using alkyl carboxylic acids and quaternized poly[bis(2-chloroethyl)ether-alt-1,3-bis[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] urea] (PEPU) as the co-template was used to synthesize mesoporous silica materials with various morphologies and structures, including flakes, regular spheres, nanoparticles, and tube-spheres. The cationic polymer connected the anionic surfactant micelle to the anionic polysilicate species to induce the synthesis of the mesoporous silica materials. The structure and property of the surfactant and the cationic polymer determined the formation of mesoporous silica, and also had a signification influence on the morphology and structure of the final materials. To further explore the possible formation mechanism of these mesoporous materials, zeta potential was utilized to evaluate the interaction between the anionic surfactant and the cationic co-template. In addition, the structure, morphology, and porosity of these materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption measurements. - Graphical abstract: A new mixed surfactants system using alkyl carboxylic acids and PEPU as the co-template was used to synthesize mesoporous silica materials with various morphologies and structures. Highlights: {yields}A new mixed surfactants system induced the mesoporous silica materials with various morphologies and structure. > It is a development of the type S{sup -}N{sup +}I{sup -} route of the mesoporous formation. > Zeta potential was utilized to evaluate the interaction between the anionic surfactant and the cationic co-template. > The property and amount of surfactant and polymer determined the formation of the mesoporous materials.

  12. Nanoengineered mesoporous silica nanoparticles for smart delivery of doxorubicin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, Akhilesh Kumar; Pandey, Himanshu; Agarwal, Vishnu; Ramteke, Pramod W.; Pandey, Avinash C.

    2014-08-01

    The motive of the at hand exploration was to contrive a proficient innovative pH-responsive nanocarrier designed for an anti-neoplastic agent that not only owns competent loading capacity but also talented to liberate the drug at the specific site. pH sensitive hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles ( MSN) have been synthesized by sequence of chemical reconstruction with an average particle size of 120 nm. MSN reveal noteworthy biocompatibility and efficient drug loading magnitude. Active molecules such as Doxorubicin (DOX) can be stocked and set free from the pore vacuities of MSN by tuning the pH of the medium. The loading extent of MSN was found up to 81.4 wt% at pH 7.8. At mild acidic pH, DOX is steadily released from the pores of MSN. Both, the nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and X-ray diffraction patterns reflects that this system holds remarkable stable mesostructure. Additionally, the outcomes of cytotoxicity assessment further establish the potential of MSN as a relevant drug transporter which can be thought over an appealing choice to a polymeric delivery system.

  13. Protective effect of mesoporous silica particles on encapsulated folates.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Rico, María; Daubenschüz, Hanna; Pérez-Esteve, Édgar; Marcos, María D; Amorós, Pedro; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Barat, José M

    2016-08-01

    Mesoporous silica particles (MSPs) are considered suitable supports to design gated materials for the encapsulation of bioactive molecules. Folates are essential micronutrients which are sensitive to external agents that provoke nutritional deficiencies. Folates encapsulation in MSPs to prevent degradation and to allow their controlled delivery is a promising strategy. Nevertheless, no information exists about the protective effect of MSPs encapsulation to prevent their degradation. In this work, 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (FO) and folic acid (FA) were entrapped in MSPs functionalized with polyamines, which acted as pH-dependent molecular gates. The stability of free and entrapped vitamins after acidic pH, high temperature and light exposure was studied. The results showed the degradation of FO after high temperature and acidic pH, whereas entrapped FO displayed enhanced stability. Free FA was degraded by light, but MSPs stabilized the vitamin. The obtained results point toward the potential use of MSPs as candidates to enhance stability and to improve the bioavailability of functional biomolecules.

  14. Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles under Sintering Conditions: A Quantitative Study.

    PubMed

    Silencieux, Fanny; Bouchoucha, Meryem; Mercier, Olivier; Turgeon, Stéphane; Chevallier, Pascale; Kleitz, Freddy; Fortin, Marc-André

    2015-12-01

    Thin films made of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are finding new applications in catalysis, optics, as well as in biomedicine. The fabrication of MSNs thin films requires a precise control over the deposition and sintering of MSNs on flat substrates. In this study, MSNs of narrow size distribution (150 nm) are synthesized, and then assembled onto flat silicon substrates, by means of a dip-coating process. Using concentrated MSN colloidal solutions (19.5 mg mL(-1) SiO2), withdrawal speed of 0.01 mm s(-1), and well-controlled atmospheric conditions (ambient temperature, ∼ 70% of relative humidity), monolayers are assembled under well-structured compact patterns. The thin films are sintered up to 900 °C, and the evolution of the MSNs size distributions are compared to those of their pore volumes and densities. Particle size distributions of the sintered thin films were precisely fitted using a model specifically developed for asymmetric particle size distributions. With increasing temperature, there is first evidence of intraparticle reorganization/relaxation followed by intraparticle sintering followed by interparticle sintering. This study is the first to quantify the impact of sintering on MSNs assembled as thin films.

  15. Morin Flavonoid Adsorbed on Mesoporous Silica, a Novel Antioxidant Nanomaterial.

    PubMed

    Arriagada, Francisco; Correa, Olosmira; Günther, Germán; Nonell, Santi; Mura, Francisco; Olea-Azar, Claudio; Morales, Javier

    2016-01-01

    Morin (2´,3, 4´,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid with several beneficial health effects. However, its poor water solubility and it sensitivity to several environmental factors avoid its use in applications like pharmaceutical and cosmetic. In this work, we synthetized morin-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (AMSNPs-MOR) as useful material to be used as potential nanoantioxidant. To achieve this, we characterized its adsorption kinetics, isotherm and the antioxidant capacity as hydroxyl radical (HO•) scavenger and singlet oxygen (1O2) quencher. The experimental data could be well fitted with Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models, besides the pseudo-second order kinetics model. The total quenching rate constant obtained for singlet oxygen deactivation by AMSNPs-MOR was one order of magnitude lower than the morin rate constant reported previously in neat solvents and lipid membranes. The AMSNPs-MOR have good antioxidant properties by itself and exhibit a synergic effect with morin on the antioxidant property against hydroxyl radical. This effect, in the range of concentrations studied, was increased when the amount of morin adsorbed increased.

  16. Morin Flavonoid Adsorbed on Mesoporous Silica, a Novel Antioxidant Nanomaterial

    PubMed Central

    Arriagada, Francisco; Correa, Olosmira; Günther, Germán; Nonell, Santi; Mura, Francisco; Olea-Azar, Claudio

    2016-01-01

    Morin (2´,3, 4´,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid with several beneficial health effects. However, its poor water solubility and it sensitivity to several environmental factors avoid its use in applications like pharmaceutical and cosmetic. In this work, we synthetized morin-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (AMSNPs-MOR) as useful material to be used as potential nanoantioxidant. To achieve this, we characterized its adsorption kinetics, isotherm and the antioxidant capacity as hydroxyl radical (HO•) scavenger and singlet oxygen (1O2) quencher. The experimental data could be well fitted with Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models, besides the pseudo-second order kinetics model. The total quenching rate constant obtained for singlet oxygen deactivation by AMSNPs-MOR was one order of magnitude lower than the morin rate constant reported previously in neat solvents and lipid membranes. The AMSNPs-MOR have good antioxidant properties by itself and exhibit a synergic effect with morin on the antioxidant property against hydroxyl radical. This effect, in the range of concentrations studied, was increased when the amount of morin adsorbed increased. PMID:27812111

  17. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a biomolecule delivery vehicle in plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hussain, Hashmath I.; Yi, Zhifeng; Rookes, James E.; Kong, Lingxue X.; Cahill, David M.

    2013-06-01

    We report the uptake by wheat, lupin and Arabidopsis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles functionalised with amine cross-linked fluorescein isothiocyanate (MSN-APTES-FITC). The preparation of these particles at room temperature enabled the synthesis of 20 nm particles that contained a network of interconnected pores around 2 nm in diameter. The uptake and distribution of these nanoparticles were examined during seed germination, in roots of plants grown in a hydroponic system and in whole leaves and roots of plants via vacuum infiltration. The nanoparticles did not affect seed germination in lupin and there was no phytotoxicity. Following germination of wheat and lupin grown in a nutrient solution containing nanoparticles, they were found within cells and cell walls of the emerging root and in the vascular transport elements, the xylem, and in other associated cells. In leaves and roots of Arabidopsis the nanoparticles were found, following vacuum infiltration of whole seedlings, to be taken up by the entire leaf and they were principally found in the intercellular spaces of the mesophyll but also throughout much of the root system. We propose that MSNs could be used as a novel delivery system for small molecules in plants.

  18. Nanostructured mesoporous silica: new perspectives for fighting antimicrobial resistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voicu, Georgeta; Dogaru, Ionuţ; Meliţă, Daniela; Meştercă, Raluca; Spirescu, Vera; Stan, Eliza; Tote, Eliza; Mogoantă, Laurenţiu; Mogoşanu, George Dan; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Truşcă, Roxana; Vasile, Eugeniu; Iordache, Florin; Chifiriuc, Mariana-Carmen; Holban, Alina Maria

    2015-05-01

    This paper investigates the antimicrobial potential of nanostructured mesoporous silica (NMS) functionalized with essential oils (EOs) and antibiotics (ATBs). The NMS networks were obtained by the basic procedure from cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and tetraethyl orthosilicate in the form of granules with diameters ranging from 100 to 300 nm with an average pore diameter of 2.2 nm, as confirmed by the BET-TEM analyses. The Salvia officinalis (SO) and Coriandrum sativum (CS) EOs and the streptomycin and neomycin ATBs were loaded in the NMS pores. TG analysis was performed in order to estimate the amount of the entrapped volatile EOs. The results of the biological analyses revealed that NMS/SO and NMS/CS exhibited a very good antimicrobial activity to an extent comparable or even superior to the one triggered by ATB, and a good in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility. Due to their regular pores, high biocompatibility, antimicrobial activity, and capacity to stabilize the volatile EOs, the obtained NMS can be used as an efficient drug delivery system for further biomedical applications.

  19. Tuning the morphology of mesoporous silica by using various template combinations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Li; Song, Huiyu; Liao, Shijun

    2009-09-01

    By using different dual-template combinations, four types of mesoporous silica materials with different morphologies were successfully synthesized. A solid-sphere mesoporous (SSM) silica was obtained using a combination of tri-block copolymer (F127) and 1,12-diaminododecane (DADD), but when F127 was substituted with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), a leaf-shaped mesoporous (LSM) silica was obtained. In addition, a hollow-sphere mesoporous (HSM) silica was obtained by using a combination of PVP and dodecylamine (DDA), but a cotton-like mesoporous (CLM) silica was obtained using F127 instead of PVP. All four types of synthesized materials were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, and N 2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, and the results showed that all of them exhibited high surface area, large pore volume, worm-like pore structure, and beautiful shapes. The results of storage experiments revealed that the HSM and CLM showed good adsorption and storage properties. The HSM (the largest pore volume) seemed to have the larger storage capacity when compared to the CLM, albeit CLM had the highest surface area among all.

  20. Mesoporous silica film from a solution containing a surfactant and methods of making same

    DOEpatents

    Liu, Jun [West Richland, WA; Domansky, Karel [Cambridge, MA; Li, Xiaohong [Richland, WA; Fryxell, Glen E [Kennewick, WA; Baskaran, Suresh [Kennewick, WA; Kohler, Nathan J [Richland, WA; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai [Kennewick, WA; Coyle, Christopher A [Richland, WA; Birnbaum, Jerome C [Richland, WA

    2001-12-11

    The present invention is a mesoporous silica film having a low dielectric constant and method of making having the steps of combining a surfactant in a silica precursor solution, spin-coating a film from this solution mixture, forming a partially hydroxylated mesoporous film, and dehydroxylating the hydroxylated film to obtain the mesoporous film. It is advantageous that the small polyoxyethylene ether surfactants used in spin-coated films as described in the present invention will result in fine pores smaller on average than about 20 nm. The resulting mesoporous film has a dielectric constant less than 3, which is stable in moist air with a specific humidity. The present invention provides a method for superior control of film thickness and thickness uniformity over a coated wafer, and films with low dielectric constant.

  1. Modulation of microporous/mesoporous structures in self-templated cobalt-silica

    PubMed Central

    Martens, Dana L.; Wang, David K.; Motuzas, Julius; Smart, Simon; da Costa, João C. Diniz

    2015-01-01

    Finite control of pore size distributions is a highly desired attribute when producing porous materials. While many methodologies strive to produce such materials through one-pot strategies, oftentimes the pore structure requires post-treatment modification. In this study, modulation of pore size in cobalt-silica systems was investigated by a novel, non-destructive, self-templated method. These systems were produced from two cobalt-containing silica starting materials which differed by extent of condensation. These starting materials, sol (SG′) and xerogel (XG′), were mixed with pure silica sol to produce materials containing 5–40 mol% Co. The resultant SG-series materials exhibited typical attributes for cobalt-silica systems: mesoporous characteristics developed at high cobalt concentrations, coinciding with Co3O4 formation; whereas, in the XG-series materials, these mesoporous characteristics were extensively suppressed. Based on an examination of the resultant materials a mechanism describing the pore size formation and modulation of the two systems was proposed. Pore size modulation in the XG-series was caused, in part, by the cobalt source acting as an autogenous template for the condensation of the silica network. These domains could be modified when wetted, allowing for the infiltration and subsequent condensation of silica oligomers into the pre-formed, mesoporous cages, leading to a reduction in the mesoporous content of the final product. PMID:25609189

  2. Synthesis and characterization of mesoporous silica functionalized with calix[4]arene derivatives.

    PubMed

    Alahmadi, Sana M; Mohamad, Sharifah; Maah, Mohd Jamil

    2012-10-23

    This work reports a new method to covalently attach calix[4]arene derivatives onto MCM-41, using a diisocyanate as a linker. The modified mesoporous silicates were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal analysis (TGA) and elemental analysis. The FTIR spectra and TGA analysis verified that the calix[4]arene derivates are covalently attached to the mesoporous silica. The preservation of the MCM-41 channel system was checked by X-ray diffraction and nitrogen adsorption analysis.

  3. Host–guest chemistry of mesoporous silicas: precise design of location, density and orientation of molecular guests in mesopores

    PubMed Central

    Sohmiya, Minoru; Saito, Kanji; Ogawa, Makoto

    2015-01-01

    Mesoporous solids, which were prepared from inorganic-surfactant mesostructured materials, have been investigated due to their very large surface area and high porosity, pore size uniformity and variation, periodic pore arrangement and possible pore surface modification. Morphosyntheses from macroscopic morphologies such as bulk monolith and films, to nanoscopic ones, nanoparticles and their stable suspension, make mesoporous materials more attractive for applications and detailed characterization. This class of materials has been studied for such applications as adsorbents and catalysts, and later on, for optical, electronic, environmental and bio-related ones. This review summarizes the studies on the chemistry of mesoporous silica and functional guest species (host–guest chemistry) to highlight the present status and future applications of the host–guest hybrids. PMID:27877830

  4. Preparation of bifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles by orthogonal click reactions and their application in cooperative catalysis.

    PubMed

    Dickschat, Arne T; Behrends, Frederik; Bühner, Martin; Ren, Jinjun; Weiss, Mark; Eckert, Hellmut; Studer, Armido

    2012-12-21

    The synthesis of bifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles is described. Two chemically orthogonal functionalities are incorporated into mesoporous silica by co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane with two orthogonally functionalized triethoxyalkylsilanes. Post-functionalization is achieved by orthogonal surface chemistry. A thiol-ene reaction, Cu-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar alkyne/azide cycloaddition, and a radical nitroxide exchange reaction are used as orthogonal processes to install two functionalities at the surface that differ in reactivity. Preparation of mesoporous silica nanoparticles bearing acidic and basic sites by this approach is discussed. Particles are analyzed by solid state NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, infrared-spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. As a first application, these particles are successfully used as cooperative catalysts in the Henry reaction.

  5. Magnetic hollow mesoporous silica nanospheres: facile fabrication and ultrafast immobilization of enzymes.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu; Chen, Hangrong; Guo, Limin; Shi, Jianlin

    2011-12-01

    Hollow mesoporous silica nanospheres with large pore size of around 11 nm have been synthesized by a structural difference based selective etching strategy, and the highly dispersed hydrophobic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with a particle size of 5 nm were then impregnated into hollow cores of nanospheres through these large pores by a vacuum impregnation technique. The structural characteristics of obtained magnetic composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED), Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The results show that the obtained Fe3O4-hollow mesoporous silica composites exhibit superparamagnetic property with saturation magnetization value of 4.17 emu/g. Furthermore, the obtained supports show ultrafast immobilization of hemoglobin and the immobilized enzymes are not denatured, indicating that the superparamagnetic hollow mesoporous silica spheres are excellent support for immobilization of enzymes with magnetic recycling property.

  6. Preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide catalyzed by platinum nanoparticles in mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Fukuoka, Atsushi; Kimura, Jun-ichi; Oshio, Tadashi; Sakamoto, Yuzuru; Ichikawa, Masaru

    2007-08-22

    Preferential oxidation (PROX) of CO is an important practical process to purify H2 for use in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Although many supported noble metal catalysts have been reported so far, their catalytic performances remain insufficient for operation at low temperature. We found that Pt nanoparticles in mesoporous silica give unprecedented activity, selectivity, and durability in the PROX reaction below 353 K. We also studied the promotional effect of mesoporous silica in the Pt-catalyzed PROX reaction by infrared spectroscopy using the isotopic tracer technique. Gas-phase O2 is not directly used for CO oxidation, but the oxygen of mesoporous silica is incorporated into CO2. These results suggest that CO oxidation is promoted by the attack of the surface OH groups to CO on Pt without forming water.

  7. Bone tissue engineering using silica-based mesoporous nanobiomaterials:Recent progress.

    PubMed

    Shadjou, Nasrin; Hasanzadeh, Mohammad

    2015-10-01

    Bone disorders are of significant concern due to increase in the median age of our population. It is in this context that tissue engineering has been emerging as a valid approach to the current therapies for bone regeneration/substitution. Tissue-engineered bone constructs have the potential to alleviate the demand arising from the shortage of suitable autograft and allograft materials for augmenting bone healing. Silica based mesostructured nanomaterials possessing pore sizes in the range 2-50 nm and surface reactive functionalities have elicited immense interest due to their exciting prospects in bone tissue engineering. In this review we describe application of silica-based mesoporous nanomaterials for bone tissue engineering. We summarize the preparation methods, the effect of mesopore templates and composition on the mesopore-structure characteristics, and different forms of these materials, including particles, fibers, spheres, scaffolds and composites. Also, the effect of structural and textural properties of mesoporous materials on development of new biomaterials for production of bone implants and bone cements was discussed. Also, application of different mesoporous materials on construction of manufacture 3-dimensional scaffolds for bone tissue engineering was discussed. It begins by giving the reader a brief background on tissue engineering, followed by a comprehensive description of all the relevant components of silica-based mesoporous biomaterials on bone tissue engineering, going from materials to scaffolds and from cells to tissue engineering strategies that will lead to "engineered" bone.

  8. Cellulose conjugated FITC-labelled mesoporous silica nanoparticles: intracellular accumulation and stimuli responsive doxorubicin release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hakeem, Abdul; Zahid, Fouzia; Duan, Ruixue; Asif, Muhammad; Zhang, Tianchi; Zhang, Zhenyu; Cheng, Yong; Lou, Xiaoding; Xia, Fan

    2016-02-01

    Herein, we design novel cellulose conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticle (CLS-MSP) based nanotherapeutics for stimuli responsive intracellular doxorubicin (DOX) delivery. DOX molecules are entrapped in pores of the fabricated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSPs) while cellulose is used as an encapsulating material through esterification on the outlet of the pores of the MSPs to avoid premature DOX release under physiological conditions. In in vitro studies, stimuli responsive DOX release is successfully achieved from DOX loaded cellulose conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DOX/CLS-MSPs) by pH and cellulase triggers. Intracellular accumulation of DOX/CLS-MSPs in human liver cancer cells (HepG2 cells) is investigated through confocal microscope magnification. Cell viability of HepG2 cells is determined as the percentage of the cells incubated with DOX/CLS-MSPs compared with that of non-incubated cells through an MTT assay.Herein, we design novel cellulose conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticle (CLS-MSP) based nanotherapeutics for stimuli responsive intracellular doxorubicin (DOX) delivery. DOX molecules are entrapped in pores of the fabricated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSPs) while cellulose is used as an encapsulating material through esterification on the outlet of the pores of the MSPs to avoid premature DOX release under physiological conditions. In in vitro studies, stimuli responsive DOX release is successfully achieved from DOX loaded cellulose conjugated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DOX/CLS-MSPs) by pH and cellulase triggers. Intracellular accumulation of DOX/CLS-MSPs in human liver cancer cells (HepG2 cells) is investigated through confocal microscope magnification. Cell viability of HepG2 cells is determined as the percentage of the cells incubated with DOX/CLS-MSPs compared with that of non-incubated cells through an MTT assay. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr08753h

  9. Assistant template and co-template agents in modeling mesoporous silicas and post-synthesizing organofunctionalizations

    SciTech Connect

    Oliveira, Vaeudo V.; Airoldi, Claudio

    2012-12-15

    Mesoporous SBA-16 silicas were synthesized through a direct methodology using the template (F127) combined with co-templates (ethanol and n-butanol), with tetraethylorthosilicate as the silica source. These ordered mesoporous silica were characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance for {sup 13}C (CP/MAS) and {sup 29}Si (HP/DEC) nuclei, nitrogen sorption/desorption processes, small angle X-ray analyses (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SAXS and TEM results confirmed the space group Im3m and cubic 3D symmetry, typical for highly ordered SBA-16. The sorption/desorption data for SBA-16 and when functionalized gave type IV isotherms, with hysteresis loop H2. Surface areas of 836; 657 and 618 m{sup 2} g{sup -1} and average pore diameters of 7.99; 8.10 and 9.85 nm, for SBA-16A, SBA-16B and SBA-16C were obtained, respectively. When functionalized the silicas presented a reduction in surface area, pore volume and pore diameter due to the pendant chains that interfere with nitrogen sorption in these measurements. The co-template ethanol favors the ordered mesopores with highest wall thicknesses. - Graphical Abstract: The mesoporous SBA-16 can be synthesized from binary (F127/TEOS) or ternary (F127/alcohol/TEOs) systems to give well-ordered mesoporous silicas. The co-templates ethanol or butanol gave the final material with highest wall thickness, mainly with ethanol. After these syntheses the pores were successfully organofunctionalized to give a good incorporation of the silylating agents. The final silicas presented of well-arranged solid characteristics as expressing by three distinct peaks, as indexed by the corresponding planes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Syntheses of mesoporous silicas by using ternary (F127/agent/TEOS) and binary (F127/TEOS) systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Use of co-templates to synthesize mesoporous silicas with larger wall thicknesses. Black

  10. Mesoporous silica encapsulating upconversion luminescence rare-earth fluoride nanorods for secondary excitation.

    PubMed

    Yang, Jianping; Deng, Yonghui; Wu, Qingling; Zhou, Jing; Bao, Haifeng; Li, Qiang; Zhang, Fan; Li, Fuyou; Tu, Bo; Zhao, Dongyuan

    2010-06-01

    Mesoporous silica encapsulating upconversion luminescence NaYF(4) nanorods with uniform core-shell structures have been successfully synthesized by the surfactant-assistant sol-gel process. The thickness of ordered mesoporous silica shells can be adjusted from 50 to 95 nm by varying the amount of hydrolyzed silicate oligomer precursors from tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), which further influences the BET surface area, pore volume, and the luminescence intensity. After coated with mesoporous silica shells, the hydrophobic nanorods is rendered to hydropholic simultaneously. The obtained beta-NaYF(4)@SiO(2)@mSiO(2) core-shell nanorods possess high surface area (71.2-196 m(2) g(-1)), pore volume (0.07-0.17 cm(3) g(-1)), uniform pore size distribution (2.3 nm), and accessible channels. Furthermore, the uniform core-shell nanorods show strong upconversion luminescence property similar to the hexagonal upconversion cores. The open mesopores can not only provide convenient transmission channels but also offer the huge location for accommodation of large molecules, such as fluorescent dyes and quantum dots. The secondary-excitation fluorescence of Rhodamine B is generated from the upconversion rare-earth fluoride nanorods cores to the fluorescent dyes loaded in the mesoporous silica shells.

  11. Hybrid Mesoporous Silicas and Microporous POSS-Based Frameworks Incorporating Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jheng-Guang; Chu, Wei-Cheng; Kuo, Shiao-Wei

    2015-01-01

    We fabricated a series of mesoporous silicas and mesoporous organosilicates with hierarchical porosity through evaporation-induced self-assembly using Pluronic F127 as a template in this study. We could tailor the mesophase of each mesoporous silica sample by varying the weight ratio of its two silica sources: tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and triethoxysilane hydrosilylated octavinyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (OV-POSS-SILY). The mesophases ranged from an ordered body-centered cubic (bcc) structure (TEOS alone) to ordered face-centered cubic (fcc) structure (10 and 20 wt.% of OV-POSS-SILY) and finally to disordered spherical pores (≥30 wt.% of OV-POSS-SILY). We used small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to study the transformations of these mesophases, while N2 isotherm sorption curves revealed the porosities of these mesoporous silicate samples. Moreover, 29Si CP/MAS solid state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy allowed us to analyze the compositions of the POSS-containing silicate frameworks. Such functional mesoporous silica samples incorporating microporous POSS building units have potential applications in various systems, including optical and electronic devices.

  12. Mesoporous Silica-Supported Amidozirconium-Catalyzed Carbonyl Hydroboration

    SciTech Connect

    Eedugurala, Naresh; Wang, Zhuoran; Chaudhary, Umesh; Nelson, Nicholas; Kandel, Kapil; Kobayashi, Takeshi; Slowing, Igor I.; Pruski, Marek; Sadow, Aaron D.

    2015-11-04

    The hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones using a silica-supported zirconium catalyst is reported. Reaction of Zr(NMe2)4 and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) provides the catalytic material Zr(NMe2)n@MSN. Exhaustive characterization of Zr(NMe2)n@MSN with solid-state (SS)NMR and infrared spectroscopy, as well as through reactivity studies, suggests its surface structure is primarily ≡SiOZr(NMe2)3. The presence of these nitrogen-containing zirconium sites is supported by 15N NMR spectroscopy, including natural abundance 15N NMR measurements using dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) SSNMR. The Zr(NMe2)n@MSN material reacts with pinacolborane (HBpin) to provide Me2NBpin and the material ZrH/Bpin@MSN that is composed of interacting surface-bonded zirconium hydride and surface-bonded borane ≡SiOBpin moieties in an approximately 1:1 ratio, as well as zirconium sites coordinated by dimethylamine. The ZrH/Bpin@MSN is characterized by 1H/2H and 11B SSNMR and infrared spectroscopy and through its reactivity with D2. The zirconium hydride material or the zirconium amide precursor Zr(NMe2)n@MSN catalyzes the selective hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones with HBpin in the presence of functional groups that are often reduced under hydroboration conditions or are sensitive to metal hydrides, including olefins, alkynes, nitro groups, halides, and ethers. Remarkably, this catalytic material may be recycled without loss of activity at least eight times, and air-exposed materials are catalytically active. These supported zirconium centers are robust catalytic sites for carbonyl reduction and that surface-supported, catalytically reactive zirconium hydride may be generated from zirconium-amide or zirconium alkoxide sites.

  13. Antibacterial Dental Composites with Chlorhexidine and Mesoporous Silica

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, J.F.; Wu, R.; Fan, Y.; Liao, S.; Wang, Y.; Wen, Z.T.; Xu, X.

    2014-01-01

    One of the leading causes for the failure of dental composite restorations is secondary caries. Effectively inhibiting cariogenic biofilms and reducing secondary caries could extend the service life of composite restorations. Dental composites releasing antibacterial agents such as chlorhexidine (CHX) have shown biofilm-inhibitory efficacy, but they usually have poor physical and mechanical properties. Herein, we present a study of a new method to encapsulate and release CHX from dental composite using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). SBA-15 MSNs were synthesized according to a reported procedure. CHX (62.9 wt%) was encapsulated into dried MSN from 0.3 M CHX ethanol solution. The dental composites containing 0% (control), 3%, 5%, and 6.3% CHX or the same amounts of CHX entrapped in MSN (denoted as CHX@MSN) were fabricated with methacrylate monomers and silanized glass fillers (CHX or CHX@MSN + glass filler particle = 70 wt%). The monomer mixture consisted of bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA), hexanediol dimethacrylate (HDDMA), ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA), and urethane dimethacrylates (UEDMA) at a weight ratio of 40:30:20:10. The composites were tested for CHX release and recharge, flexural strength and modulus (at 24 hr and 1 mo), surface roughness, in vitro wear, and antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei (in both planktonic growth and biofilm formation). The results showed that the composites with CHX@MSN largely retained mechanical properties and smooth surfaces and showed controlled release of CHX over a long time. In contrast, the composites with directly mixed CHX showed reduced mechanical properties, rough surfaces, and burst release of CHX in a short time. The composites with CHX either directly mixed or in MSN showed strong inhibition to S. mutans and L. casei. This research has demonstrated the successful application of MSNs as a novel nanotechnology in dental materials to inhibit

  14. Targeted anticancer prodrug with mesoporous silica nanoparticles as vehicles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, Jianquan; Fang, Gang; Wang, Xiaodan; Zeng, Fang; Xiang, Yufei; Wu, Shuizhu

    2011-11-01

    A targeted anticancer prodrug system was fabricated with 180 nm mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) as carriers. The anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was conjugated to the particles through an acid-sensitive carboxylic hydrazone linker which is cleavable under acidic conditions. Moreover, folic acid (FA) was covalently conjugated to the particle surface as the targeting ligand for folate receptors (FRs) overexpressed in some cancer cells. The in vitro release profiles of DOX from the MSN-based prodrug systems showed a strong dependence on the environmental pH values. The fluorescent dye FITC was incorporated in the MSNs so as to trace the cellular uptake on a fluorescence microscope. Cellular uptakes by HeLa, A549 and L929 cell lines were tested for FA-conjugated MSNs and plain MSNs respectively, and a much more efficient uptake by FR-positive cancer cells (HeLa) can be achieved by conjugation of folic acid onto the particles because of the folate-receptor-mediated endocytosis. The cytotoxicities for the FA-conjugated MSN prodrug, the plain MSN prodrug and free DOX against three cell lines were determined, and the result indicates that the FA-conjugated MSN prodrug exhibits higher cytotoxicity to FR-positive cells, and reduced cytotoxicity to FR-negative cells. Thus, with 180 nm MSNs as the carriers for the prodrug system, good drug loading, selective targeting and sustained release of drug molecules within targeted cancer cells can be realized. This study may provide useful insights for designing and improving the applicability of MSNs in targeted anticancer prodrug systems.

  15. Antibacterial dental composites with chlorhexidine and mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Zhang, J F; Wu, R; Fan, Y; Liao, S; Wang, Y; Wen, Z T; Xu, X

    2014-12-01

    One of the leading causes for the failure of dental composite restorations is secondary caries. Effectively inhibiting cariogenic biofilms and reducing secondary caries could extend the service life of composite restorations. Dental composites releasing antibacterial agents such as chlorhexidine (CHX) have shown biofilm-inhibitory efficacy, but they usually have poor physical and mechanical properties. Herein, we present a study of a new method to encapsulate and release CHX from dental composite using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). SBA-15 MSNs were synthesized according to a reported procedure. CHX (62.9 wt%) was encapsulated into dried MSN from 0.3 M CHX ethanol solution. The dental composites containing 0% (control), 3%, 5%, and 6.3% CHX or the same amounts of CHX entrapped in MSN (denoted as CHX@MSN) were fabricated with methacrylate monomers and silanized glass fillers (CHX or CHX@MSN + glass filler particle = 70 wt%). The monomer mixture consisted of bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA), hexanediol dimethacrylate (HDDMA), ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA), and urethane dimethacrylates (UEDMA) at a weight ratio of 40:30:20:10. The composites were tested for CHX release and recharge, flexural strength and modulus (at 24 hr and 1 mo), surface roughness, in vitro wear, and antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei (in both planktonic growth and biofilm formation). The results showed that the composites with CHX@MSN largely retained mechanical properties and smooth surfaces and showed controlled release of CHX over a long time. In contrast, the composites with directly mixed CHX showed reduced mechanical properties, rough surfaces, and burst release of CHX in a short time. The composites with CHX either directly mixed or in MSN showed strong inhibition to S. mutans and L. casei. This research has demonstrated the successful application of MSNs as a novel nanotechnology in dental materials to inhibit

  16. Ionic liquid-templated preparation of mesoporous silica embedded with nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ward, Antony J.; Pujari, Ajit A.; Costanzo, Lorenzo; Masters, Anthony F.; Maschmeyer, Thomas

    2011-12-01

    A series of mesoporous silicas impregnated with nanocrystalline sulphated zirconia was prepared by a sol-gel process using an ionic liquid-templated route. The physicochemical properties of the mesoporous sulphated zirconia materials were studied using characterisation techniques such as inductively coupled optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, elemental analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Analysis of the new silicas indicates isomorphous substitution of silicon with zirconium and reveals the presence of extremely small (< 10 nm) polydispersed zirconia nanoparticles in the materials with zirconium loadings from 27.77 to 41.4 wt.%.

  17. Ionic liquid-templated preparation of mesoporous silica embedded with nanocrystalline sulfated zirconia

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    A series of mesoporous silicas impregnated with nanocrystalline sulphated zirconia was prepared by a sol-gel process using an ionic liquid-templated route. The physicochemical properties of the mesoporous sulphated zirconia materials were studied using characterisation techniques such as inductively coupled optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, elemental analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Analysis of the new silicas indicates isomorphous substitution of silicon with zirconium and reveals the presence of extremely small (< 10 nm) polydispersed zirconia nanoparticles in the materials with zirconium loadings from 27.77 to 41.4 wt.%. PMID:21711725

  18. Immobilization of Zidovudine Derivatives on the SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica and Evaluation of Their Cytotoxic Activity.

    PubMed

    Lewandowski, Dawid; Lewandowska, Marta; Ruszkowski, Piotr; Pińska, Anita; Schroeder, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    Novel zidovudine derivatives, able to be covalently conjugated to silica surface, have been obtained and grafted to SBA-15 mesoporous silica. Cytotoxic activity of the hybrid organic-inorganic (zidovudine derivatives-silica) systems against HeLa and KB cell lines has been analyzed. Addition of folic acid had a positive influence on the cytotoxicity. Up to 69% of HeLa and 65% of KB tumor cells growth inhibition has been achieved at low silica concentration used (10 μg/mL).

  19. Development of novel delivery system for warfarin based on mesoporous silica: adsorption characteristics of silica materials for the anticoagulant.

    PubMed

    Dolinina, Ekaterina S; Vorobyeva, Evgeniya V; Parfenyuk, Elena V

    2016-08-01

    The adsorption of the anticoagulant warfarin onto unmodified (UMS) and modified (phenyl (PhMS), methyl (MMS), mercaptopropyl (MPMS)) mesoporous silica materials was studied at pH 1.6 and 7.4 and in the temperature range of 293-325 K. The silica materials were prepared by sol-gel method for further characterization by FTIR spectroscopy, N2 adsorption/desorption method, transmission electron microscopy and zeta potential measurements. The effects of medium pH, temperature and surface modification of mesoporous silica material on their adsorption characteristics (adsorption capacity, thermodynamic parameters of adsorption) relative to anticoagulant warfarin were investigated. It was found that medium acid-base properties strongly affect the adsorption of warfarin due to the pH-dependent structural diversity of the drug and ionization state of the silica surfaces. The adsorption capacity of the silica materials at pH 1.6 decreases in the order: MMS > MPMS > UMS > PhMS. The influence of various non-covalent interactions on the adsorption capacity of the silica materials and energy of the drug-silica interactions is discussed. These results may be useful for the development of a novel delivery system of warfarin.

  20. Ordered mesoporous silica prepared by quiescent interfacial growth method - effects of reaction chemistry

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Acidic interfacial growth can provide a number of industrially important mesoporous silica morphologies including fibers, spheres, and other rich shapes. Studying the reaction chemistry under quiescent (no mixing) conditions is important for understanding and for the production of the desired shapes. The focus of this work is to understand the effect of a number of previously untested conditions: acid type (HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4), acid content, silica precursor type (TBOS and TEOS), and surfactant type (CTAB, Tween 20, and Tween 80) on the shape and structure of products formed under quiescent two-phase interfacial configuration. Results show that the quiescent growth is typically slow due to the absence of mixing. The whole process of product formation and pore structuring becomes limited by the slow interfacial diffusion of silica source. TBOS-CTAB-HCl was the typical combination to produce fibers with high order in the interfacial region. The use of other acids (HNO3 and H2SO4), a less hydrophobic silica source (TEOS), and/or a neutral surfactant (Tweens) facilitate diffusion and homogenous supply of silica source into the bulk phase and give spheres and gyroids with low mesoporous order. The results suggest two distinct regions for silica growth (interfacial region and bulk region) in which the rate of solvent evaporation and local concentration affect the speed and dimension of growth. A combined mechanism for the interfacial bulk growth of mesoporous silica under quiescent conditions is proposed. PMID:24237719

  1. Ordered mesoporous silica prepared by quiescent interfacial growth method - effects of reaction chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alsyouri, Hatem M.; Abu-Daabes, Malyuba A.; Alassali, Ayah; Lin, Jerry YS

    2013-11-01

    Acidic interfacial growth can provide a number of industrially important mesoporous silica morphologies including fibers, spheres, and other rich shapes. Studying the reaction chemistry under quiescent (no mixing) conditions is important for understanding and for the production of the desired shapes. The focus of this work is to understand the effect of a number of previously untested conditions: acid type (HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4), acid content, silica precursor type (TBOS and TEOS), and surfactant type (CTAB, Tween 20, and Tween 80) on the shape and structure of products formed under quiescent two-phase interfacial configuration. Results show that the quiescent growth is typically slow due to the absence of mixing. The whole process of product formation and pore structuring becomes limited by the slow interfacial diffusion of silica source. TBOS-CTAB-HCl was the typical combination to produce fibers with high order in the interfacial region. The use of other acids (HNO3 and H2SO4), a less hydrophobic silica source (TEOS), and/or a neutral surfactant (Tweens) facilitate diffusion and homogenous supply of silica source into the bulk phase and give spheres and gyroids with low mesoporous order. The results suggest two distinct regions for silica growth (interfacial region and bulk region) in which the rate of solvent evaporation and local concentration affect the speed and dimension of growth. A combined mechanism for the interfacial bulk growth of mesoporous silica under quiescent conditions is proposed.

  2. Self-cleaning antireflective coatings assembled from peculiar mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiaoyu; Du, Xin; He, Junhui

    2010-08-17

    Novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles of peculiar shapes were synthesized, from which hierarchically porous silica coatings were fabricated on glass substrates via layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly, followed by calcination. These porous silica coatings were highly transparent and superhydrophilic. The maximum transmittance reached as high as 94%, whereas that of the glass substrate is 91%. The time for a droplet to spread lower than 5 degrees decreased to as short as 0.25 s. After the coating surface was treated with a low surface energy material, the surface became superhydrophobic (water contract angle >150 degrees) with a very low sliding angle of <1 degree. Compared with MCM-41-type mesoporous silica nanoparticles, the coatings fabricated using the novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles possess much better self-cleaning property. We used scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy to observe the morphology and structure of nanoparticles and surfaces. Transmission spectra and their change with time were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer. We studied the surface wettability by a contact angle/interface system. The influence of mesopores on the transmittance and wetting properties of coatings was discussed on the basis of experimental observations.

  3. Synthesis of mesoporous silica materials from municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Zhen-Shu Li, Wen-Kai; Huang, Chun-Yi

    2014-05-01

    Highlights: • The optimal alkaline agent for the extraction of silica from bottom ash was Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}. • The pore sizes for the mesoporous silica synthesized from bottom ash were 2–3.8 nm. • The synthesized materials exhibited a hexagonal pore structure with a smaller order. • The materials have potential for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. - Abstract: Incinerator bottom ash contains a large amount of silica and can hence be used as a silica source for the synthesis of mesoporous silica materials. In this study, the conditions for alkaline fusion to extract silica from incinerator bottom ash were investigated, and the resulting supernatant solution was used as the silica source for synthesizing mesoporous silica materials. The physical and chemical characteristics of the mesoporous silica materials were analyzed using BET, XRD, FTIR, SEM, and solid-state NMR. The results indicated that the BET surface area and pore size distribution of the synthesized silica materials were 992 m{sup 2}/g and 2–3.8 nm, respectively. The XRD patterns showed that the synthesized materials exhibited a hexagonal pore structure with a smaller order. The NMR spectra of the synthesized materials exhibited three peaks, corresponding to Q{sup 2} [Si(OSi){sub 2}(OH){sub 2}], Q{sup 3} [Si(OSi){sub 3}(OH)], and Q{sup 4} [Si(OSi){sub 4}]. The FTIR spectra confirmed the existence of a surface hydroxyl group and the occurrence of symmetric Si–O stretching. Thus, mesoporous silica was successfully synthesized from incinerator bottom ash. Finally, the effectiveness of the synthesized silica in removing heavy metals (Pb{sup 2+}, Cu{sup 2+}, Cd{sup 2+}, and Cr{sup 2+}) from aqueous solutions was also determined. The results showed that the silica materials synthesized from incinerator bottom ash have potential for use as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions.

  4. Facile synthetic route to nanosized ferrites by using mesoporous silica as a hard template

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valdés-Solís, T.; Tartaj, P.; Marbán, G.; Fuertes, A. B.

    2007-04-01

    Spinel ferrite nanoparticles (AFe2O4; A = Mn, Ni, Cu, Co) of around 10-20 nm have been successfully synthesized via a simple nanocasting route using metal nitrates as precursors and mesoporous silica gel as a hard template. Spinel nanoparticles were formed under a nitrogen atmosphere by the high-temperature decomposition of a mixture of metal nitrates that fill the silica pores. The decomposition reactions occurred in the confined space provided by the mesopores of the silica template. Under these conditions, the silica walls restricted the growth of the oxide particles formed and so nanosized particles were obtained. The incorporation of different cations into the spinel ferrite enabled us to easily modulate the magnetic properties of the nanomaterials prepared by the template method. Depending on the chemical composition and temperature, we were able to obtain samples that display reversible magnetic behaviour (zero coercivity field) and samples with coercivity values as high as 1.3 T (13 000 Oe).

  5. Controllable synthesis of hollow mesoporous silica spheres and application as support of nano-gold

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Tao; Ma, Weihua; Shangguan, Junnan; Jiang, Wei; Zhong, Qin

    2014-07-01

    Hollow silica spheres with mesoporous structure were synthesized by sol-gel/emulsion method. In the process, the surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was used to stabilize the oil droplet and also used as structure direct agent. The diameter of the hollow silica spheres, ranging from 895 nm to 157 nm, can be controlled by changing the ratio of ethanol to water and the concentration of the surfactant as well. The shell thickness of the spheres decreased when the ratio of ethanol to water decreased. The proposed mechanism of the formation of silica spheres could elucidate the experimental results well. Furthermore, the resultant hollow mesoporous silica spheres were then employed as support of nano-gold which was used to catalyze the isomerization reaction of propylene oxide to produce allyl alcohol.

  6. Direct Observation of the Outermost Surfaces of Mesoporous Silica Thin Films by High Resolution Ultralow Voltage Scanning Electron Microscopy.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Maho; Susuki, Kyoka; Otsuji, Haruo; Sakuda, Yusuke; Asahina, Shunsuke; Kikuchi, Naoki; Kanazawa, Toshiyuki; Kuroda, Yoshiyuki; Wada, Hiroaki; Shimojima, Atsushi; Kuroda, Kazuyuki

    2017-03-07

    The properties of the outermost surfaces of mesoporous silica thin films are critical in determining their functions. Obtaining information on the presence or absence of silica layers on the film surfaces and on the degree of mesopore opening is essential for applications of surface mesopores. In this study, the outermost surfaces of mesoporous silica thin films with 3-dimensional orthorhombic and 2-dimensional hexagonal structures were observed using ultralow voltage high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM) with decelerating optics. SEM images of the surfaces before and after etching with NH4F were taken at various landing voltages. Comparing the images taken under different conditions indicated that the outermost surfaces of the nonetched mesoporous silica thin films are coated with a thin layer of silica. The images taken at an ultralow landing voltage (i.e., 80 V) showed that the presence or absence of surface silica layers depends on whether the film was etched with an aqueous solution of NH4F. The mesostructures of both the etched and nonetched films were visible in images taken at a conventional landing voltage (2 kV); hence, the ultralow landing voltage was more suitable for analyzing the outermost surfaces. The SEM observations provided detailed information about the surfaces of mesoporous silica thin films, such as the degree of pore opening and their homogeneities. AFM images of nonetched 2-dimensional hexagonal mesoporous silica thin films show that the shape of the silica layer on the surface of the films reflects the curvature of the top surface of the cylindrical mesochannels. SEM images taken at various landing voltages are discussed, with respect to the electron penetration range at each voltage. This study increases our understanding of the surfaces of mesoporous silica thin films, which may lead to potential applications utilizing the periodically arranged mesopores on these surfaces.

  7. Effect of polyvinylpyrrolidone on mesoporous silica morphology and esterification of lauric acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by immobilized enzyme

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Jinyu; Zhou, Guowei Jiang, Bin; Zhao, Minnan; Zhang, Yan

    2014-05-01

    Mesoporous silica materials with a range of morphology evolution, i.e., from curved rod-shaped mesoporous silica to straight rod-shaped mesoporous silica, were successfully prepared using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and triblock copolymer as dual template. The effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on mesoporous silica structure parameters were studied. Results showed that surface area and pore volume continuously decreased with increased PVP molecular weight. Mesoporous silica prepared with PVP K30 also possessed larger pore diameter, interplanar spacing (d{sub 100}), and cell parameter (a{sub 0}) than that prepared with PVP K15 and PVP K90. In addition, with increased PVP concentration, d{sub 100} and a{sub 0} continuously decreased. The mechanism of morphology evolution caused by the change in PVP concentration was investigated. The conversion rate of lauric acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by immobilized Porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) was also evaluated. Results showed that PPL immobilized on amino-functionalized straight rod-shaped mesoporous silica maintained 50% of its esterification conversion rate even after five cycles of use with a maximum conversion rate was about 90.15%. - Graphical abstract: Curved rod-shaped mesoporous silica can be obtained at low and the highest PVP concentration, while straight rod-shaped mesoporous silica can be obtained at higher PVP concentration. - Highlights: • Mesoporous silica with morphology evolution from CRMS to SRMS were prepared. • Effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on silica morphology were studied. • A possible mechanism for the formation of morphology evolution SiO{sub 2} was proposed. • Esterification of lauric acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by immobilized PPL.

  8. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with organo-bridged silsesquioxane framework as innovative platforms for bioimaging and therapeutic agent delivery.

    PubMed

    Du, Xin; Li, Xiaoyu; Xiong, Lin; Zhang, Xueji; Kleitz, Freddy; Qiao, Shi Zhang

    2016-06-01

    Mesoporous silica material with organo-bridged silsesquioxane frameworks is a kind of synergistic combination of inorganic silica, mesopores and organics, resulting in some novel or enhanced physicochemical and biocompatible properties compared with conventional mesoporous silica materials with pure Si-O composition. With the rapid development of nanotechnology, monodispersed nanoscale periodic mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (PMO NPs) and organo-bridged mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with various organic groups and structures have recently been synthesized from 100%, or less, bridged organosilica precursors, respectively. Since then, these materials have been employed as carrier platforms to construct bioimaging and/or therapeutic agent delivery nanosystems for nano-biomedical application, and they demonstrate some unique and/or enhanced properties and performances. This review article provides a comprehensive overview of the controlled synthesis of PMO NPs and organo-bridged MSNs, physicochemical and biocompatible properties, and their nano-biomedical application as bioimaging agent and/or therapeutic agent delivery system.

  9. SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica Modified with Gallic Acid and Evaluation of Its Cytotoxic Activity

    PubMed Central

    Lewandowski, Dawid

    2015-01-01

    Gallic acid has been covalently conjugated to SBA-15 mesoporous silica surface through different linkers. Cytotoxic activity of the hybrid organic-inorganic systems against HeLa and KB cell lines has been analyzed. Up to 67% of HeLa or KB tumor cells growth inhibition has been achieved at low silica concentration used (10 μg mL-1). PMID:26151908

  10. Monodisperse metal nanoparticle catalysts on silica mesoporous supports: synthesis, characterizations, and catalytic reactions

    SciTech Connect

    Somorjai, G.A.

    2009-09-14

    The design of high performance catalyst achieving near 100% product selectivity at maximum activity is one of the most important goals in the modern catalytic science research. To this end, the preparation of model catalysts whose catalytic performances can be predicted in a systematic and rational manner is of significant importance, which thereby allows understanding of the molecular ingredients affecting the catalytic performances. We have designed novel 3-dimensional (3D) high surface area model catalysts by the integration of colloidal metal nanoparticles and mesoporous silica supports. Monodisperse colloidal metal NPs with controllable size and shape were synthesized using dendrimers, polymers, or surfactants as the surface stabilizers. The size of Pt, and Rh nanoparticles can be varied from sub 1 nm to 15 nm, while the shape of Pt can be controlled to cube, cuboctahedron, and octahedron. The 3D model catalysts were generated by the incorporation of metal nanoparticles into the pores of mesoporous silica supports via two methods: capillary inclusion (CI) and nanoparticle encapsulation (NE). The former method relies on the sonication-induced inclusion of metal nanoparticles into the pores of mesoporous silica, whereas the latter is performed by the encapsulation of metal nanoparticles during the hydrothermal synthesis of mesoporous silica. The 3D model catalysts were comprehensively characterized by a variety of physical and chemical methods. These catalysts were found to show structure sensitivity in hydrocarbon conversion reactions. The Pt NPs supported on mesoporous SBA-15 silica (Pt/SBA-15) displayed significant particle size sensitivity in ethane hydrogenolysis over the size range of 1-7 nm. The Pt/SBA-15 catalysts also exhibited particle size dependent product selectivity in cyclohexene hydrogenation, crotonaldehyde hydrogenation, and pyrrole hydrogenation. The Rh loaded SBA-15 silica catalyst showed structure sensitivity in CO oxidation reaction. In

  11. Development of 3-D magnetic nano-arrays by electrodeposition into mesoporous silica.

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, R.; Manning, J.; Bakker, M.G.; Li, X.; Lee, D.R.; Wang, J.; X-Ray Science Division; Univ. of Alabama

    2006-01-01

    The development of periodic nanostructures fabricated by self-assembly of surfactants and block co-polymers has opened up the possibility of generating periodic magnetic nanostructures of types not accessible by self-assembly of nano-particles. The fabrication of mesoporous silica thin films around self-assembled block co-polymers is well established. Common structures for such films are SBA-15 which consists of hexagonal arrays of cylindrical pores and SBA-16 which has face centered arrays of spherical voids. These pores are connected by 1-2 nm thick flaws in the continuous silica phase producing an effectively continuous porous phase. After removal of the block co-polymer template, electrodeposition into the mesoporous silica thin films produces arrays of 5-10 nm diameter nano-wires and nano-particles. We have demonstrated that such materials can be fabricated on a wide range of metal substrates. Characterization by Scanning Electron Microscopies shows that the mesoporous silica is well ordered over micron scale areas. Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering (GISAXS) studies shows diffraction spots, consistent with the entire film being well ordered. GISAXS also shows that the mesoporous silica films survive removal of the template and electrodeposition of nickel and cobalt into the mesoporous silica films. Such films are of interest for their magnetic properties, as the nanophase and scale can be independently varied. Further, the presence of nanowires inside an insulator suggests that these films might also be of interest as the current confining element for Confined Current Path-Current Perpendicular to Plane GMR sensors.

  12. Preparation of aluminum-containing mesoporous silica with hierarchical macroporous architecture and its enhanced catalytic activities.

    PubMed

    Kamegawa, Takashi; Tanaka, Shota; Seto, Hiroki; Zhou, Dayang; Yamashita, Hiromi

    2013-08-28

    Aluminum-containing mesoporous silica with hierarchical macroporous architecture (Al-MMS) was successfully prepared using a solvent evaporation method through the combination of precursor solution for synthesis of Al-containing mesoporous silica (Al-MS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) colloidal crystals as a hard template. The porous structure and the state of aluminum were investigated using various characterization techniques. The construction of combined structure of Al-MMS, i.e., hierarchical macroporous architecture consisting of thin mesoporous silica frameworks, led to the formation of many mesopore entrances and the shortening of the mesoporous channels. In the tetrahydropyranylation of linear alcohols with dihydropyran (DHP), Al-MMS exhibited higher catalytic activities for the formation of corresponding tetrahydropyranyl ethers as compared to Al-MS. The advantageous structure of Al-MMS enables the efficient transport of reactants to the catalytically active sites, which realizes the significant enhancement of catalytic performances in the reaction of DHP with alcohols having longer alkyl chains.

  13. Effect of two-step sol-gel reaction on the mesoporous silica structure.

    PubMed

    Choi, Dae-Geun; Yang, Seung-Man

    2003-05-01

    In the present study, we investigated the effects of two-step sol-gel reaction by abrupt pH change on the SBA-15 and mesocellular silica foams (MCF). Mesoporous silica was fabricated by using triblock copolymer templates (poly(ethylene oxide) and poly(propylene oxide)). The prepared silica structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and N(2) sorption experiment. Specifically, we prepared SBA-15 with long-range two-dimensional hexagonal arrangement of 3 to 6-nm feature spacing and MCF with larger pores of a few tens of nanometers. The pore size and ordering were influenced by pH change in a two-step sol-gel reaction and the concentration of organic solvent. Although well-ordered hexagonal arrangement of mesopores was prevalent in acidic conditions, the materials synthesized by a single-step reaction in neutral or basic conditions possessed gel-like structure without mesopores. However, the present two-step reaction (low pH sol-gel reaction followed by high pH reaction) not only produced mesoporous materials but also provided controllability of the pore size. In particular, mesoporous structures with pore sizes as large as those of MCF were successfully fabricated by the two-step reaction without using organic swelling agents. As expected, when xylene was added as a swelling agent, the pore size increased with the xylene/copolymer weight ratio.

  14. Mesoporous-silica-coated up-conversion fluorescent nanoparticles for photodynamic therapy.

    PubMed

    Qian, Hai Sheng; Guo, Hui Chen; Ho, Paul Chi-Lui; Mahendran, Ratha; Zhang, Yong

    2009-10-01

    Near-infrared (NIR)-to-visible up-conversion fluorescent nanoparticles have potential to be used for photodynamic therapy (PDT) in deep tissue because NIR light can penetrate thick tissue due to weak absorption in the optical window. Here a uniform layer of mesoporous silica is coated onto NaYF(4) up-converting nanocrystals, with a large surface area of approximately 770 m(2) g(-1) and an average pore size of 2 nm. A photosensitizer, zinc phthalocyanine, is incorporated into the mesoporous silica. Upon excitation by a NIR laser, the nanocrystals convert NIR light to visible light, which further activates the photosensitizer to release reactive singlet oxygen to kill cancer cells. The photosensitizer encapsulated in mesoporous silica is protected from degradation in the harsh biological environment. It is demonstrated that the photosensitizers loaded into the porous silica shell of the nanoparticles are not released out of the silica while they continuously produce singlet oxygen upon excitation by a NIR laser. The nanoparticles are reusable as the photosensitizers encapsulated in the silica are removed by soaking in ethanol.

  15. Electrospun aligned PLGA and PLGA/gelatin nanofibers embedded with silica nanoparticles for tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Mehrasa, Mohammad; Asadollahi, Mohammad Ali; Ghaedi, Kamran; Salehi, Hossein; Arpanaei, Ayyoob

    2015-08-01

    Aligned poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and PLGA/gelatin nanofibrous scaffolds embedded with mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) were fabricated using electrospinning method. The mean diameters of nanofibers were 641±24 nm for the pure PLGA scaffolds vs 418±85 nm and 267±58 nm for the PLGA/10 wt% MSNPs and the PLGA/gelatin/10 wt% MSNPs scaffolds, respectively. The contact angle measurement results (102°±6.7 for the pure PLGA scaffold vs 81°±6.8 and 18°±8.7 for the PLGA/10 wt% MSNPs and the PLGA/gelatin/10 wt% MSNPs scaffolds, respectively) revealed enhanced hydrophilicity of scaffolds upon incorporation of gelatin and MSNPs. Besides, embedding the scaffolds with MSNPs resulted in improved tensile mechanical properties. Cultivation of PC12 cells on the scaffolds demonstrated that introduction of MSNPs into PLGA and PLGA/gelatin matrices leads to the improved cell attachment and proliferation as well as long cellular processes. DAPI staining results indicated that cell proliferations on the PLGA/10 wt% MSNPs and the PLGA/gelatin/10 wt% MSNPs scaffolds were strikingly (nearly 2.5 and 3 folds, respectively) higher than that on the aligned pure PLGA scaffolds. These results suggest superior properties of silica nanoparticles-incorporated PLGA/gelatin eletrospun nanofibrous scaffolds for the stem cell culture and tissue engineering applications.

  16. Biological Applications and Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Trewyn, Brian G.

    2006-01-01

    The research presented and discussed within involves the development of novel biological applications of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) and an investigation of mesoporous material by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Mesoporous silica nanoparticles organically functionalized shown to undergo endocytosis in cancer cells and drug release from the pores was controlled intracellularly and intercellularly. Transmission electron microscopy investigations demonstrated the variety of morphologies produced in this field of mesoporous silica nanomaterial synthesis. A series of room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) containing mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) materials with various particle morphologies, including spheres, ellipsoids, rods, and tubes, were synthesized. By changing the RTIL template, the pore morphology was tuned from the MCM-41 type of hexagonal mesopores to rotational moire type of helical channels, and to wormhole-like porous structures. These materials were used as controlled release delivery nanodevices to deliver antibacterial ionic liquids against Escherichia coli K12. The involvement of a specific organosiloxane function group, covalently attached to the exterior of fluorescein doped mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FITC-MSN), on the degree and kinetics of endocytosis in cancer and plant cells was investigated. The kinetics of endocystosis of TEG coated FITC-MSN is significantly quicker than FITC-MSN as determined by flow cytometry experiments. The fluorescence confocal microscopy investigation showed the endocytosis of TEG coated-FITC MSN triethylene glycol grafted fluorescein doped MSN (TEG coated-FITC MSN) into both KeLa cells and Tobacco root protoplasts. Once the synthesis of a controlled-release delivery system based on MCM-41-type mesoporous silica nanorods capped by disulfide bonds with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles was completed. The material was characterized by general methods and the dosage and kinetics of the

  17. Relation between the lower consolute boundary and the structure of mesoporous silica materials.

    PubMed

    Michaux, F; Blin, J L; Stébé, M J

    2008-02-05

    In this study, we have shed some light on the relation between the position of the lower consolute boundary of various nonionic surfactants in water and the structure of the mesoporous silica materials synthesized from these surfactants-based systems. In the first part, the lower consolute boundary was shifted by adding salts. Depending on the features of the phase diagram, we have looked for either a salting out or a salting in effect. Mesoporous materials were prepared from a micellar solution of the investigated surfactants. Results clearly evidenced that the cooperative self-assembly mechanism is not favored if the lower consolute boundary is not shifted toward high temperatures. Moreover, the higher the difference between the phase separation temperature and the temperature at which the silica precursor is added to the surfactant solution, the better the mesopore ordering is. In the second part, this tendency has been confirmed by using a hydrogenated surfactant as additive.

  18. Rod-shaped silica particles derivatized with elongated silver nanoparticles immobilized within mesopores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mnasri, Najib; Charnay, Clarence; de Ménorval, Louis-Charles; Elaloui, Elimame; Zajac, Jerzy

    2016-11-01

    Silver-derivatized silica particles possessing a non-spherical morphology and surface plasmon resonance properties have been achieved. Nanometer-sized silica rods with uniformly sized mesopore channels were prepared first making use of alkyltrimethyl ammonium surfactants as porogens and the 1:0.10 tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) : 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) mixture as a silicon source. Silica rods were subsequently functionalized by introducing elongated silver nanoparticles within the intra-particle mesopores thanks to the AgNO3 reduction procedure based on the action of hemiaminal groups previously located on the mesopore walls. The textural and structural features of the samples were inferred from the combined characterization studies including SEM and TEM microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption at 77 K, powder XRD in the small- and wide-angle region, as well as UV-visible spectroscopy. 129Xe NMR spectroscopy appeared particularly useful to obtain a correct information about the porous structure of rod-shaped silica particles and the silver incorporation within their intra-particle mesopores.

  19. Graphene oxide wrapping on squaraine-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles for bioimaging.

    PubMed

    Sreejith, Sivaramapanicker; Ma, Xing; Zhao, Yanli

    2012-10-24

    Squaraine dyes were loaded inside mesoporous silica nanoparticles, and the nanoparticle surfaces were then wrapped with ultrathin graphene oxide sheets, leading to the formation of a novel hybrid material. The hybrid exhibits remarkable stability and can efficiently protect the loaded dye from nucleophilic attack. The biocompatible hybrid is noncytotoxic and presents significant potential for application in fluorescence imaging in vitro.

  20. Deposition of thin mesoporous silica films on glass substrates from basic solution.

    PubMed

    Shimura, Naoki; Ogawa, Makoto

    2006-11-01

    Transparent thin (ca. 100 nm) films of silica-surfactant mesostructured materials were deposited on borosilicate glass plates and soda-lime glass tubes from aqueous solutions containing tetraethoxysilane, alkyltrimethylammonium chloride, ammonia, and methanol. By calcination in air, the films became mesoporous (BET surface area of 700-900 m2 g-1) with pore diameter 2.0-2.8 nm.

  1. Preparation of Self-Activated Fluorescence Mesoporous Silica Hollow Nanoellipsoids for Theranostics.

    PubMed

    Singh, Rajendra Kumar; Kim, Tae-Hyun; Mahapatra, Chinmaya; Patel, Kapil Dev; Kim, Hae-Won

    2015-10-20

    The newly developed multifunctional (self-activated fluorescent, mesoporous, and biocompatible) hollow mesoporous silica nanoellipsoids (f-hMS) are potentially useful as a delivery system of drugs for therapeutics and imaging purposes. For the synthesis of f-hMS, self-activated fluorescence hydroxyapatite (fHA) was used as a core template. A mesoporous silica shell was obtained by silica formation and subsequent removal of the fHA core, which resulted in a hollow-cored f-hMS. Although the silica shell provided a highly mesoporous structure, enabling an effective loading of drug molecules, the fluorescent property of fHA was also well-preserved in the f-hMS. Cytochrome c and doxorubicin, used as a model protein and anticancer drug, respectively, were shown to be effectively loaded onto f-hMS and were then released in a sustainable and controllable manner. The f-hMS was effectively taken up by the cells and exhibited fluorescent labeling while preserving excellent cell viability. Overall, the f-hMS nanoreservoir may be useful as a multifunctional carrier system for drug delivery and cell imaging.

  2. Light-controlled gas permeability of mesoporous silica glass bearing photochromic spironaphthoxazine on its surface.

    PubMed

    Yagi, Shigeyuki; Minami, Naemi; Fujita, Junpei; Hyodo, Yutaka; Nakazumi, Hiroyuki; Yazawa, Tetsuo; Kami, Tetsuro; Ali, Aliyar Hyder

    2002-10-21

    N2 and CO2 gas permeability of mesoporous silica glass bearing photochromic indolinospironaphth[2,1-b][1,4]oxazine through a covalent linkage was controlled by photo-irradiation: the photo-isomerization of the spironaphthoxazine to the photomerocyanine form suppressed the gas permeation of the glass.

  3. Single-pot synthesis of ordered mesoporous silica films with unique controllable morphology.

    PubMed

    Björk, Emma M; Söderlind, Fredrik; Odén, Magnus

    2014-01-01

    Mesoporous silica films consisting of a monolayer of separated SBA-15 particles with unusually wide and short pores grown on silicon wafers have been fabricated in a simple single-pot-synthesis, and the formation of the films has been studied. A recipe for synthesizing mesoporous silica rods with the addition of heptane and NH4F at low temperature was used and substrates were added to the synthesis solution during the reaction. The films are ~90 nm thick, have a pore size of 10.7-13.9 nm depending on the hydrothermal treatment time and temperature, and a pore length of 200-400 nm. All pores are parallel to the substrate, open, and easy to access, making them suitable for applications such as catalyst hosts and gas separation. The growth of the films is closely correlated to the evolution of the mesoporous silica particles. Here, we have studied the time for adding substrates to the synthesis solution, the evolution of the films with time during formation, and the effect of hydrothermal treatment. It was found that the substrates should be added within 30-60s after turning off the stirring and the films are formed within 10 min after addition to the synthesis solution. The study has yielded a new route for synthesizing mesoporous silica films with a unique morphology.

  4. CD44-engineered mesoporous silica nanoparticles for overcoming multidrug resistance in breast cancer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xin; Liu, Ying; Wang, Shouju; Shi, Donghong; Zhou, Xianguang; Wang, Chunyan; Wu, Jiang; Zeng, Zhiyong; Li, Yanjun; Sun, Jing; Wang, Jiandong; Zhang, Longjiang; Teng, Zhaogang; Lu, Guangming

    2015-03-01

    Multidrug resistance is a major impediment for the successful chemotherapy in breast cancer. CD44 is over-expressed in multidrug resistant human breast cancer cells. CD44 monoclonal antibody exhibits anticancer potential by inhibiting proliferation and regulating P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux activity in multidrug resistant cells. Thereby, CD44 monoclonal antibody in combination with chemotherapeutic drug might be result in enhancing chemosensitivity and overcoming multidrug resistance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the CD44 monoclonal antibody functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles containing doxorubicin on human breast resistant cancer MCF-7 cells. The data showed that CD44-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles increased cytotoxicity and enhanced the downregulation of P-glycoprotein in comparison to CD44 antibody. Moreover, CD44-engineered mesoporous silica nanoparticles provided active target, which promoted more cellular uptake of DOX in the resistant cells and more retention of DOX in tumor tissues than unengineered counterpart. Animal studies of the resistant breast cancer xenografts demonstrated that CD44-engineered drug delivery system remarkably induced apoptosis and inhibited the tumor growth. Our results indicated that the CD44-engineered mesoporous silica nanoparticle-based drug delivery system offers an effective approach to overcome multidrug resistance in human breast cancer.

  5. Boron nitride nanotubes functionalized with mesoporous silica for intracellular delivery of chemotherapy drugs.

    PubMed

    Li, Xia; Zhi, Chunyi; Hanagata, Nobutaka; Yamaguchi, Maho; Bando, Yoshio; Golberg, Dmitri

    2013-08-25

    Boron nitride nanotube (BNNT)@mesoporous silica hybrids with controllable surface zeta potential were fabricated for intracellular delivery of doxorubicin. The materials showed higher suspension ability, doxorubicin intracellular endocytosis efficiency, and LNcap prostate cancer cell killing ability compared with naked BNNTs.

  6. Functionalization of SBA-15 mesoporous silica by Cu-phosphonate units: Probing of synthesis route

    SciTech Connect

    Laskowski, Lukasz; Laskowska, Magdalena

    2014-12-15

    Mesoporous silica SBA-15 containing propyl-copper phosphonate units was investigated. The structure of mesoporous samples was tested by N{sub 2} isothermal sorption (BET and BHJ analysis), TEM microscopy and X-Ray scattering. Quantitative analysis EDX has given information about proportions between component atoms in the sample. Quantitative elemental analysis has been carried out to support EDX. To examine bounding between copper atoms and phosphonic units the Raman spectroscopy was carried out. As a support of Raman scattering, the theoretical calculations were made based on density functional theory, with the B3LYP method. By comparison of the calculated vibrational spectra of the molecule with experimental results, distribution of the active units inside silica matrix has been determined. - Graphical abstract: The present study is devoted to mesoporous silica SBA-15 containing propyl-copper phosphonate units. The species were investigated to confirm of synthesis procedure correctness by the micro-Raman technique combined with DFT numerical simulations. Complementary research was carried out to test the structure of mesoporous samples. - Highlights: • SBA-15 silica functionalized with propyl-copper phosphonate units was synthesized. • Synthesis efficiency probed by Raman study supported with DFT simulations. • Homogenous distribution of active units was proved. • Synthesis route enables precise control of distance between copper ions.

  7. Hydrophobic core/hydrophilic shell structured mesoporous silica nanospheres: enhanced adsorption of organic compounds from water.

    PubMed

    Li, Shuru; Jiao, Xuan; Yang, Hengquan

    2013-01-29

    Inspired by the structure features of micelle, we attempt to synthesize a novel functionalized mesoporous silica nanosphere consisting of a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic shell. The obtained solid materials were structurally confirmed by N(2) sorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Their compositions were characterized by Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), solid state NMR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and elemental analysis. Its fundamental properties such as dispersibility in water or organic phase, wettability, and adsorption ability toward hydrophobic organics in water were investigated. It was revealed that these important properties could be facilely adjusted through varying structure and composition. In particular, these materials showed much better adsorption ability toward hydrophobic organic molecules in water than conventional monofunctionalized mesoporous materials, owing to possessing the hydrophobic/hydrophilic domain-segregated and hierarchically functionalized mesoporous structures. The intriguing properties would make mesoporous materials more accessible to many important applications, especially in aqueous systems.

  8. Multicompartment mesoporous silica nanoparticles with branched shapes: an epitaxial growth mechanism.

    PubMed

    Suteewong, Teeraporn; Sai, Hiroaki; Hovden, Robert; Muller, David; Bradbury, Michelle S; Gruner, Sol M; Wiesner, Ulrich

    2013-04-19

    Mesoporous nanomaterials have attracted widespread interest because of their structural versatility for applications including catalysis, separation, and nanomedicine. We report a one-pot synthesis method for a class of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) containing both cubic and hexagonally structured compartments within one particle. These multicompartment MSNs (mc-MSNs) consist of a core with cage-like cubic mesoporous morphology and up to four branches with hexagonally packed cylindrical mesopores epitaxially growing out of the cubic core vertices. The extent of cylindrical mesostructure growth can be controlled via a single additive in the synthesis. Results suggest a path toward high levels of architectural complexity in locally amorphous, mesostructured nanoparticles, which could enable tuning of different pore environments of the same particle for specific chemistries in catalysis or drug delivery.

  9. Synthesis of new silicas with high stable and large mesopores and macropores for biocatalysis applications.

    PubMed

    Bernal, Claudia; Mesa, Monica; Sierra, Ligia

    2012-08-01

    Monomodal or bimodal porous silicas with large mesopores, constituted by particles or having a monolithic (block type) morphology, respectively, are synthesized using sodium silicate as siliceous species source, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as pore template and ethyl acetate (EtAc) as pH modifier. The monomodal porosity is represented by 20-30 nm pores and the bimodal one by these pores and also macropores. These characteristics are modulated in function of the CTAB and EtAc concentrations as well as the pH and hydrothermal treatment. The role of these reagents upon the porosity is rationalized. The presence of high CTAB concentration and a rather low pH decreasing rate (function of EtAc concentration and hydrothermal treatment) are essential for having the already known bimodal mesoporous silicas (BMS). On the contrary a rather high pH decreasing rate promotes the formation of the new bimodal mesoporous-macroporous silicas (BMMS) synthesized in this work, where the EtAc also plays the role of emulsion forming agent. The hydrolytic stability of the synthesized silica under aqueous conditions, at different pH values, makes these silicas good candidates for application in different areas of catalysis, especially in the enzymatic one.

  10. Wet powder processing of sol-gel derived mesoporous silica-hydroxyapatite hybrid powders.

    PubMed

    Andersson, Jenny; Johannessen, Espen; Areva, Sami; Järn, Mikael; Lindén, Mika

    2006-08-01

    This paper describes a method by which a porous silica coating layer can be obtained on different apatite particles through a simple sol-gel synthesis route. Sol-gel derived powders of hydroxyapatite (HAP) and beta tricalciumphosphate (beta-TCP) were coated with a mesoporous silica using C16TAB (hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide) as a template in order to induce mesophase formation. Further calcination of the material removes the template from the mesophase and leaves a highly ordered hexagonal arranged mesoporous silica structure with a core of HAP/beta-TCP. The phase purity of the SiO2/apatite composites has been thoroughly investigated by the means of FT-IR, XRD, and solid state 31P MAS NMR. The phase purity of these materials is shown to be dependent on the solubility properties of the used apatites. The hybrid materials are suitable as a multifunctional biomaterial where osteoconductive properties can be combined with drug delivery.

  11. Elongated silica nanoparticles with a mesh phase mesopore structure by fluorosurfactant templating.

    PubMed

    Tan, Bing; Dozier, Alan; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim; Knutson, Barbara L; Rankin, Stephen E

    2004-08-17

    Mesoporous silica materials with pore structures such as 2D hexagonal close packed, bicontinuous cubic, lamellar, sponge, wormhole-like, and rectangular have been made by using surfactant templating sol-gel processes. However, there are still some "intermediate" phases, in particular mesh phases, that are formed by surfactants but which have not been made into analogous silica pore structures. Here, we describe the one-step synthesis of mesoporous silica with a mesh phase pore structure. The cationic fluorinated surfactant 1,1,2,2-tetrahydroperfluorodecylpyridinium chloride (HFDePC) is used as the template. Like many fluorinated surfactants, HFDePC forms intermediate phases in water (including a mesh phase) over a wider range of compositions than do hydrocarbon surfactants. The materials produced by this technique are novel elongated particles in which the layers of the mesh phase are oriented orthogonal to the main axis of the particles.

  12. Ordered mesoporous silica modified with lanthanum for ibuprofen loading and release behaviour.

    PubMed

    Goscianska, Joanna; Olejnik, Anna; Nowak, Izabela; Marciniak, Michal; Pietrzak, Robert

    2015-08-01

    The ordered mesoporous silicas SBA-15 and KIT-6, modified with lanthanum, have been for the first time applied in investigation of ibuprofen adsorption and release. The materials of hexagonal and regular structure were obtained by the hydrothermal method using a triblock copolymer Pluronic P123 as a template. The mesoporous silicas were impregnated with an aqueous solution of lanthanum(III) chloride in the amount necessary to obtain 1, 3 and 5wt.% La loading. The physicochemical properties of the modified silicas were characterised by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, UV-Vis spectrophotometry and low-temperature nitrogen sorption. The results showed that lanthanum strongly determined structural as well as textural properties of the silicas. The samples of modified silica were checked for the ability to adsorb and release of ibuprofen. The storage capacity of the modified silicas obtained increased with increasing their average pore diameter and percentage content of lanthanum. The amount of ibuprofen adsorbed onto KIT-6 silica modified with La was higher than that adsorbed onto SBA-15 materials. The high coverage of lanthanum on the surface of KIT-6 and SBA-15 solids was found to increase the amount of ibuprofen and the rate of its release.

  13. Acetylcholinesterase-Capped Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles That Open in the Presence of Diisopropylfluorophosphate (a Sarin or Soman Simulant).

    PubMed

    Pascual, Lluís; Sayed, Sameh El; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Costero, Ana M; Gil, Salvador; Gaviña, Pablo; Sancenón, Félix

    2016-11-04

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with rhodamine B and capped with acetylcholinesterase are able to be selectively opened and deliver their cargo in the presence of nerve agent simulant diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP).

  14. Silica mesoporous thin films as containers for benzotriazole for corrosion protection of 2024 aluminium alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Recloux, Isaline; Mouanga, Maixent; Druart, Marie-Eve; Paint, Yoann; Olivier, Marie-Georges

    2015-08-01

    This work contributes to the development of a new environmentally friendly alternative pretreatment for 2024 aluminium alloys to replace hexavalent chromium based conversion layers in the aeronautical field. A silica mesoporous thin film, synthesized through the evaporation induced self-assembly process, was doped with benzotriazole to obtain active corrosion protection. Inhibitor loading contents were correlated with pore characteristics. The release kinetics was studied as function of pH. The application of the doped mesoporous film on 2024 aluminium alloy revealed a slowing down of corrosion processes, demonstrating its potential as an active inhibitor storage layer.

  15. Synthesis of mesoporous silica materials (MCM-41) from iron ore tailings

    SciTech Connect

    Yu Honghao; Xue Xiangxin; Huang Dawei

    2009-11-15

    Highly ordered mesoporous materials were successfully synthesized by using the iron ore tailings as the silica source and n-hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide as the template. The samples were detail characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and N{sub 2} physisorption. The as-synthesized materials had high surface area of 527 m{sup 2} g{sup -1} and the mean pore diameter of 2.65 nm with a well-ordered two-dimensional hexagonal structure. It is feasible to prepare mesoporous MCM-41 materials using the iron ore tailings as precursor.

  16. Anisotropic photoelectric film assembled from mesoporous silica (MS)@CuO@FeS2 composite microspheres for improving photoelectric conversion.

    PubMed

    Zong, Jie; Zhu, Yihua; Shen, Jianhua; Yang, Xiaoling; Li, Chunzhong

    2013-07-15

    We report a novel strategy for the fabrication of mesoporous silica (MS)@CuO@FeS2 composite microsphere-based anisotropic films that combine the advantages of the CuO and FeS2 materials to improve photoelectric conversion. This was achieved by aligning MS@CuO@FeS2 composite microspheres in a cross-linked gel under a homogeneous magnetic field. The MS@CuO@FeS2 composite microspheres, which were synthesized by a simple layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technique together with a solvothermal method, can absorb a wide range of light and exhibit ferromagnetic properties. In addition, the resulting MS@CuO@FeS2 composite microsphere-based anisotropic film shows photoelectric anisotropy. Such systems are promising for improving the performance of solar cells.

  17. Self-assembly of supramolecular triarylamine nanowires in mesoporous silica and biocompatible electrodes thereof

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Licsandru, Erol-Dan; Schneider, Susanne; Tingry, Sophie; Ellis, Thomas; Moulin, Emilie; Maaloum, Mounir; Lehn, Jean-Marie; Barboiu, Mihail; Giuseppone, Nicolas

    2016-03-01

    Biocompatible silica-based mesoporous materials, which present high surface areas combined with uniform distribution of nanopores, can be organized in functional nanopatterns for a number of applications. However, silica is by essence an electrically insulating material which precludes applications for electro-chemical devices. The formation of hybrid electroactive silica nanostructures is thus expected to be of great interest for the design of biocompatible conducting materials such as bioelectrodes. Here we show that we can grow supramolecular stacks of triarylamine molecules in the confined space of oriented mesopores of a silica nanolayer covering a gold electrode. This addressable bottom-up construction is triggered from solution simply by light irradiation. The resulting self-assembled nanowires act as highly conducting electronic pathways crossing the silica layer. They allow very efficient charge transfer from the redox species in solution to the gold surface. We demonstrate the potential of these hybrid constitutional materials by implementing them as biocathodes and by measuring laccase activity that reduces dioxygen to produce water.Biocompatible silica-based mesoporous materials, which present high surface areas combined with uniform distribution of nanopores, can be organized in functional nanopatterns for a number of applications. However, silica is by essence an electrically insulating material which precludes applications for electro-chemical devices. The formation of hybrid electroactive silica nanostructures is thus expected to be of great interest for the design of biocompatible conducting materials such as bioelectrodes. Here we show that we can grow supramolecular stacks of triarylamine molecules in the confined space of oriented mesopores of a silica nanolayer covering a gold electrode. This addressable bottom-up construction is triggered from solution simply by light irradiation. The resulting self-assembled nanowires act as highly conducting

  18. Assistant template and co-template agents in modeling mesoporous silicas and post-synthesizing organofunctionalizations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira, Vaeudo V.; Airoldi, Claudio

    2012-12-01

    Mesoporous SBA-16 silicas were synthesized through a direct methodology using the template (F127) combined with co-templates (ethanol and n-butanol), with tetraethylorthosilicate as the silica source. These ordered mesoporous silica were characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance for 13C (CP/MAS) and 29Si (HP/DEC) nuclei, nitrogen sorption/desorption processes, small angle X-ray analyses (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SAXS and TEM results confirmed the space group Im3m and cubic 3D symmetry, typical for highly ordered SBA-16. The sorption/desorption data for SBA-16 and when functionalized gave type IV isotherms, with hysteresis loop H2. Surface areas of 836; 657 and 618 m2 g-1 and average pore diameters of 7.99; 8.10 and 9.85 nm, for SBA-16A, SBA-16B and SBA-16C were obtained, respectively. When functionalized the silicas presented a reduction in surface area, pore volume and pore diameter due to the pendant chains that interfere with nitrogen sorption in these measurements. The co-template ethanol favors the ordered mesopores with highest wall thicknesses.

  19. Functionalized mesoporous silica films as a matrix for anchoring electrochemically active guests.

    PubMed

    Fattakhova Rohlfing, Dina; Rathouský, Jirí; Rohlfing, Yven; Bartels, Oliver; Wark, Michael

    2005-11-22

    Mesoporous silica thin films were shown to be an appropriate matrix for immobilization of discrete electroactive moieties, yielding uniform transparent thin film electrodes with defined texture and enhanced electrochemical activity. The mesoporous silica films prepared on conducting FTO-coated glass substrate were postsynthetically functionalized. Alkoxysilanes were used as precursors for subsequent grafting via ionic or covalent bonds of representative electroactive species, such as polyoxometalate PMo12O(40)3-, hexacyanoferrate(III), and ferrocene. The electrochemically active concentration within the silica-based composite electrodes achieves 90, 260, and 60 micromol cm(-3) for polyoxometalate, hexacyanoferrate(III), and ferrocene, respectively. The amount of molecules involved in the charge-transfer sequence is proportional to the film thickness and comparable to the total amount of embedded guests. Thus, eventually the whole bulk volume of the modified silica films is electrochemically accessible. Immobilization in the chemically modified silica matrix alters the redox potential of the electroactive molecules. Electron exchange between the adjacent redox centers (electron hopping) is proposed as a possible charge propagation pathway through the insulating silica matrix, which is supported by the fact that the high charge uptake is observed also for the hybrid electrodes with the covalently anchored redox guests.

  20. Highly ordered poly(thiophene)s prepared in mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Seo, Seogjae; Kim, Jeonghun; Kim, Byeonggwan; Vinu, Ajayan; Kim, Eunkyoung

    2011-05-01

    Nanostructured PEDOT was synthesized using mesoporous silica as a nano-template. The polymerization of thiophene monomers was performed with an oxidant and mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The silica particles took essential role in absorbing monomers and oxidant molecules, and growth of polymers inside their pores. As prepared polymer/silica composite was treated with HF solution to remove silica template to result in 1D wire structure and mesh type porous 3D structures from SBA-15 and KIT-6 template, respectively. The average size of the poly(thiophene) wires was 10 15 nm, which was matched well to the pores size of the silica templates, as determined from an electron microscopy. At optimized condition, the room temperature electrical conductivities of the PEDOT grown from SBA-15 and KIT-6 template were similar as 1.1 and 1.0 S/cm, respectively. However, the evolution of the PEDOT conductivity versus temperature was different depending on the templates. These results gave a unique chance to tailor made 3 dimensional structure as well as properties of conductive polymer.

  1. Structure and optical properties of ordered mesoporous titania-silica composite thin films.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhongying; Wang, Peiyu; Li, Jiangong; Lu, Qingshan

    2009-04-01

    Highly ordered mesoporous titania-silica (TiO2-SiO2) composite thin films have been prepared by spin-coating technique using poly(alkaline oxide) triblock copolymers EO20PO70EO20 (P123) as structure-directing agent. Low-angle X-ray diffraction analysis shows that the mesoporous composite thin films remain a long range periodic ordered structure even if the TiO2/SiO2 ratio in the thin films is as high as 80%. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the average grain size of TiO2 increases from 2.2 to 5.1 nm as the TiO2/SiO2 ratio increases from 20% to 80%. The crystal structure of TiO2 is identified to be the anatase phase. Transmission electron microscopy observations confirm that the mesoporous titania-silica composite thin films have a hexagonally ordered pore array nanostructure. Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra give the evidence that the TiO2 nanocrystals as well as the four-coordinate Ti co-exist in the silica matrix. The semiconductor TiO2 nanocrystals in the silica matrix have an obvious blue shift phenomenon of the absorption edge. As the average TiO2 grain size increases from 2.2 to 5.1 nm, the band gap of the TiO2 nanocrystals in the mesoporous titania-silica composite thin films decreases from 3.9 to 3.45 eV.

  2. Spark Plasma Sintering and Multi-scale Characterization of Mesoporous Silica Disks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maheshwari, Harsh

    Oil from shale and tight formations has helped the United States produce close to 10 million barrels of oil per day, a 40-year high. Well characterized sintered nano materials will serve as calibration materials for understanding important thermodynamic and flow properties of fluids in similar formations. To this effect, sintered mesoporous silica monoliths containing micro- and nano-porosity are characterized across multiple length scales at various processing temperatures using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Vickers hardness tests, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) gas adsorption measurements. Results show that the mesoporosity in raw SBA-15 silica powders can be retained during spark-plasma sintering (SPS) up to 850 ºC which is lower than those achieved by conventional sintering techniques (>1050 ºC). Details of micro- and meso-porosity were revealed by studying the internal structure through SEM and in-situ TEM tomography of the sintered specimens in comparison to the pristine silica powder. The microporosity is retained up to 950°C under the same pressure, and the degree of microporosity increases when the mesopores collapse due to individual nanoparticle shrinkage. In situ TEM characterization of mesoporosity in the absence of applied pressure reveal pore collapse above 1050°C, which is considerably above the temperatures observed under applied pressures during SPS processing. The degree of microporosity, obtained under different processing conditions, is correlated to the mechanical properties, available surface area and pore morphology. In spite of the unique synthesis process, sintered mesoporous silica satisfies the Ryshkewitch relationship -- the correlation of mechanical properties to porosity. Subsequently, in-situ TEM nanoindentation was conducted to investigate the mechanical properties of individual mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The ability to control the micro- and meso-porosity of these

  3. Effect of polyvinylpyrrolidone on mesoporous silica morphology and esterification of lauric acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by immobilized enzyme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jinyu; Zhou, Guowei; Jiang, Bin; Zhao, Minnan; Zhang, Yan

    2014-05-01

    Mesoporous silica materials with a range of morphology evolution, i.e., from curved rod-shaped mesoporous silica to straight rod-shaped mesoporous silica, were successfully prepared using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and triblock copolymer as dual template. The effects of PVP molecular weight and concentration on mesoporous silica structure parameters were studied. Results showed that surface area and pore volume continuously decreased with increased PVP molecular weight. Mesoporous silica prepared with PVP K30 also possessed larger pore diameter, interplanar spacing (d100), and cell parameter (a0) than that prepared with PVP K15 and PVP K90. In addition, with increased PVP concentration, d100 and a0 continuously decreased. The mechanism of morphology evolution caused by the change in PVP concentration was investigated. The conversion rate of lauric acid with 1-butanol catalyzed by immobilized Porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) was also evaluated. Results showed that PPL immobilized on amino-functionalized straight rod-shaped mesoporous silica maintained 50% of its esterification conversion rate even after five cycles of use with a maximum conversion rate was about 90.15%.

  4. Rare-earth metal oxide doped transparent mesoporous silica plates under non-aqueous condition as a potential UV sensor.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang-Joon; Park, Sung Soo; Lee, Sang Hyun; Hong, Sang-Hyun; Ha, Chang-Sik

    2013-11-01

    Transparent mesoporous silica plates doped with rare-earth metal oxide were prepared using solvent-evaporation method based on the self-organization between structure-directing agent and silicate in a non-aqueous solvent. A triblock copolymer, Pluronic (F127 or P123), was used as the structure-directing agent, while tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) was used as a silica source. The pore diameter and the surface area of the mesoporous silica plate prepared with the optimized conditions were ca 40 A and 600 m2 g(-1), respectively, for both structure-directing agent. Rare-earth metal oxides (Eu, Tb, Tm oxide) in mesochannel were formed via one-step synthetic route based on the preparation method of a silica plate. Optical properties of rare-earth metal oxide-doped mesoporous silica plates were investigated by UV irradiation and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Under the exitation wavelength of 254 nm, the doped mesoporous silica plates emitted red, green and blue for Eu, Tb and Tm oxides, respectively. Rare-earth metal oxide-doped mesoporous silica plates showed enhanced PL intensity compared to that of the bulk rare-earth metal oxide.

  5. Microwave assisted N-alkylation of amine functionalized crystal-like mesoporous phenylene-silica.

    PubMed

    Lourenço, Mirtha A O; Siegel, Renée; Mafra, Luís; Ferreira, Paula

    2013-04-28

    N-alkylation reaction of amine functionalized phenylene moieties in crystal-like mesoporous silica is successfully achieved with about 87% of conversion in two reaction cycles. A potassium iodide catalyzed method commonly used for the selective N-monoalkylation of aniline is adapted and optimized to the N-monoalkylation reactions of the amine functionalized periodic mesoporous phenylene-silica (NH2-PMO) under microwave irradiation with preservation of the ordered mesostructure and of the crystal-like molecular scale periodicity of the material. This functionalization opens an avenue for the preparation of new materials with different amino-alkyl groups specially designed for a desired application, namely on the adsorption or catalytic fields.

  6. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles for stimuli-responsive controlled drug delivery: advances, challenges, and outlook

    PubMed Central

    Song, Yuanhui; Li, Yihong; Xu, Qien; Liu, Zhe

    2017-01-01

    With the development of nanotechnology, the application of nanomaterials in the field of drug delivery has attracted much attention in the past decades. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as promising drug nanocarriers have become a new area of interest in recent years due to their unique properties and capabilities to efficiently entrap cargo molecules. This review describes the latest advances on the application of mesoporous silica nanoparticles in drug delivery. In particular, we focus on the stimuli-responsive controlled release systems that are able to respond to intracellular environmental changes, such as pH, ATP, GSH, enzyme, glucose, and H2O2. Moreover, drug delivery induced by exogenous stimuli including temperature, light, magnetic field, ultrasound, and electricity is also summarized. These advanced technologies demonstrate current challenges, and provide a bright future for precision diagnosis and treatment. PMID:28053526

  7. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles enhance MTT formazan exocytosis in HeLa cells and astrocytes.

    PubMed

    Fisichella, Matthieu; Dabboue, Hinda; Bhattacharyya, Sanjib; Saboungi, Marie-Louise; Salvetat, Jean-Paul; Hevor, Tobias; Guerin, Martine

    2009-06-01

    We report on the observation that mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), after being endocytosed, interfere with the MTT test in HeLa cells and astrocytes by accelerating the exocytosis of formazan crystals. The stimulation of MTT formazan exocytosis is probably related to perturbation of intracellular vesicle trafficking by MSN uptake as revealed by experiments in presence of chloroquine and genistein. Similar effect has been previously observed with a number of chemicals, especially with neurotoxic beta amyloid peptides, but not with nanoparticles. We showed also that MTT reduction test gives an overestimation of the cytotoxicity of mesoporous silica nanoparticles compared to other tests such as LDH activity, WST-1 test and flow cytometry. These findings show that MTT assay should not be used for the study of MSN toxicity, and that perturbation of intracellular trafficking has to be taken into account in evaluating biocompatibility of MSNs.

  8. Investigating the Interaction of Water Vapour with Aminopropyl Groups on the Surface of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Paul, Geo; Musso, Giorgia Elena; Bottinelli, Emanuela; Cossi, Maurizio; Marchese, Leonardo; Berlier, Gloria

    2017-04-05

    The interaction of water molecules with the surface of hybrid silica-based mesoporous materials is studied by (29) Si, (1) H and (13) C solid-state NMR and IR spectroscopy, with the support of ab initio calculations. The surface of aminopropyl-grafted mesoporous silica nanoparticles is studied in the dehydrated state and upon interaction with controlled doses of water vapour. Former investigations described the interactions between aminopropyl and residual SiOH groups; the present study shows the presence of hydrogen-bonded species (SiOH to NH2 ) and weakly interacting "free" aminopropyl chains with restricted mobility, together with a small amount of protonated NH3(+) groups. The concentration of the last-named species increased upon interaction with water, and this indicates reversible and fast proton exchange from water molecules to a fraction of the amino groups. Herein, this is discussed and explained for the first time, by a combination of experimental and theoretical approaches.

  9. Amine functionalized cubic mesoporous silica nanoparticles as an oral delivery system for curcumin bioavailability enhancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budi Hartono, Sandy; Hadisoewignyo, Lannie; Yang, Yanan; Meka, Anand Kumar; Antaresti; Yu, Chengzhong

    2016-12-01

    In the present work, a simple method was used to develop composite curcumin-amine functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN). The nanoparticles were used to improve the bioavailability of curcumin in mice through oral administration. We investigated the effect of particle size on the release profile, solubility and oral bioavailability of curcumin in mice, including amine functionalized mesoporous silica micron-sized-particles (MSM) and MSN (100-200 nm). Curcumin loaded within amine functionalized MSN (MSN-A-Cur) had a better release profile and a higher solubility compared to amine MSM (MSM-A-Cur). The bioavailability of MSN-A-Cur and MSM-A-Cur was considerably higher than that of ‘free curcumin’. These results indicate promising features of amine functionalized MSN as a carrier to deliver low solubility drugs with improved bioavailability via the oral route.

  10. Self-Regulated Glucose-Sensitive Neoglycoenzyme-Capped Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Insulin Delivery.

    PubMed

    Oroval, Mar; Díez, Paula; Aznar, Elena; Coll, Carmen; Marcos, María Dolores; Sancenón, Félix; Villalonga, Reynaldo; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón

    2017-01-26

    We describe herein the preparation of glucose-sensitive capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles for insulin delivery. The new material consists of an expanded-pore nanometric silica support grafted with 1-propyl-1-H-benzimidazole groups, loaded with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled insulin (FITC-Ins) and capped by the formation of inclusion complexes between cyclodextrin-modified glucose oxidase (CD-GOx) and the benzimidazole groups grafted on the mesoporous support. Insulin delivery from the gated material in simulated blood plasma was assessed upon addition of glucose. Glucose is transformed by GOx into gluconic acid, which promoted the dethreading of the benzimidazole-CD-GOx inclusion complexes, allowing cargo release. Small quantities of this support would be needed to release the amount of insulin necessary to decrease diabetic blood glucose concentrations to regular levels.

  11. Esterification of fatty acid catalyzed by hydrothermally stable propylsulfonic acid-functionalized mesoporous silica SBA-15.

    PubMed

    Mar, Win Win; Somsook, Ekasith

    2013-01-01

    Propylsulfonic acid-functionalized mesoporous silica SBA-15 has been synthesized via one-step strategy at 130°C based on the co-condensation of TEOS and MPTMS in the presence of Pluronic 123 polymer and H₂O₂ in HCl aqueous solution. The synthesized solid exhibited hydrothermal stability in boiling water without significant change in textural properties. The catalytic performance of the synthesized solid was studied in the esterification of oleic acid with methanol. The experimental results revealed that the large mesopore structures of SBA-15-PrSO₃H solid synthesized at 130°C could favor a facile access of oleic acid to the acid sites, making the comparable activity to that of phenyl ethyl sulfonic acid functionalized silica and higher than that of dry amberlyst-15.

  12. Fabrication and characterization of magnetic mesoporous silica nanospheres covalently bonded with europium complex.

    PubMed

    Feng, Jing; Fan, Wei-Qiang; Song, Shu-Yan; Yu, Ying-Ning; Deng, Rui-Ping; Zhang, Hong-Jie

    2010-06-07

    A novel multifunctional nanocomposite has been developed by combining the magnetic (Fe3O4) cores encapsulated in the mesoporous silica nanospheres and the luminescent Eu(TTA)3phen complex covalently bonded to the framework of mesoporous silica through a chelate ligand 5-[N,N-bis-3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]ureyl-1,10-phenanthroline (phen-Si). The obtained nanocomposite is denoted as Eu(TTA)3phen-MMS. It has been well characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption/desorption, Quantum Design SQUID magnetometer and photoluminescence spectroscopy, respectively. The results demonstrated that Eu(TTA)3phen-MMS nanocomposite possess superparamagnetic behavior, intense red emission and mesostructures simultaneously.

  13. Utilization of rice husk ash as silica source for the synthesis of mesoporous silicas and their application to CO2 adsorption through TREN/TEPA grafting.

    PubMed

    Bhagiyalakshmi, Margandan; Yun, Lee Ji; Anuradha, Ramani; Jang, Hyun Tae

    2010-03-15

    Mesoporous MCM-41, MCM-48 and SBA-15 were synthesized using Rice husk ash (RHA) as the silica source and their defective Si-OH sites were functionalized by 3-chloropropyltrimethoxysilane (CPTMS) which was subsequently grafted with amine compounds, Tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (TREN) and Tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and BET results of the parent mesoporous silica suggested their closeness of structural properties to those obtained from conventional silica sources. CO(2) adsorption of branched amine TREN and straight chain amine TEPA at 25, 50 and 75 degrees C was obtained by Thermogravimetric Analyser (TGA) at atmospheric pressure. TREN grafted mesoporous silica showed 7% of CO(2) adsorption while TEPA grafted mesoporous silicas showed less CO(2) adsorption, which is due to the presence of isolated amine groups in TREN. TREN grafted mesoporous silicas were also observed to be selective towards CO(2), thermally stable and recyclable. The order of CO(2) adsorption with respect to amount of amine grafting was observed to be MCM-48/TREN>MCM-41/TREN>SBA-15/TREN.

  14. Improving the controlled release of water-insoluble emodin from amino-functionalized mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yunqiang; Wang, Chunfeng; Zhou, Guowei; Wu, Yue; Chen, Jing

    2012-06-01

    Several types of amino-functionalized mesoporous silica, including F5-SBA-15, F10-SBA-15, and F15-SBA-15 were prepared through co-condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) in varying molar ratios (5 mol%, 10 mol%, and 15 mol%) via a hydrothermal process. The materials obtained were characterized by means of small-angle X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption, Fourier transformed infrared spectra, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Increasing APTES molar ratios decreased the degree of orderliness of the functionalized mesoporous silica. Pure and amino-functionalized SBA-15 samples were employed as supports for the controlled release of water-insoluble drug emodin. Loading experiments showed that drug loading capacities mainly depended on the surface areas and pore diameters of the carriers. Controlled release profiles of emodin-loaded samples were studied in phosphate buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.4), and results indicated that the emodin release rate could be controlled by surface amino-functionalized carriers. Emodin loaded on functionalized mesoporous supports exhibited a lower release rate than that of loaded on pure SBA-15, emodin loaded on F10-SBA-15 showed the smallest release amount (71.74 wt%) after stirring in PBS for 60 h. Findings suggest that functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 is a promising carrier for achieving prolonged release time periods.

  15. A simple approach to prepare monodisperse mesoporous silica nanospheres with adjustable sizes.

    PubMed

    Yu, Meihua; Zhou, Liang; Zhang, Jun; Yuan, Pei; Thorn, Peter; Gu, Wenyi; Yu, Chengzhong

    2012-06-15

    A new and facile approach has been developed to prepare monodisperse mesoporous silica nanospheres (MMSNs) with controlled particle sizes and pore structures. In our approach, MMSNs were synthesized simply in a sodium acetate solution without adding any other alkali or alcohol additives. MMSNs have a spherical shape and uniform particle sizes, which can be adjusted from 50 to 110 nm by increasing the reaction temperature from 40 to 80 °C. By performing a subsequent hydrothermal treatment (HT) under basic condition (pH=~11.5) at 130 °C, the mesoporous pore volume and surface area can be enhanced, while keeping the mono-dispersion characteristics and the mesopore size almost unchanged. The pore sizes of MMSNs can be adjusted from 2.8 to 4.0 nm under acidic solutions by changing the HT temperature from 100 to 130 °C. The formation process of MMSNs has been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) techniques. A spherical micelle templating mechanism is proposed to explain the formation of MMSNs in our system, which is different from that of traditional highly ordered mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MCM-41).

  16. ZnO nanoparticles embedded in UVM-7-like mesoporous silica materials: Synthesis and characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haskouri, Jamal El; Dallali, Lobna; Fernández, Lorenzo; Garro, Nuría; Jaziri, Sihem; Latorre, Julio; Guillem, Carmen; Beltrán, Aurelio; Beltrán, Daniel; Amorós, Pedro

    2009-11-01

    ZnO nanodomains embedded in bimodal mesoporous silica (UVM-7) materials with high Zn content (4≤Si/Zn≤30) have been synthesized by an one-pot surfactant-assisted procedure from a hydro alcoholic medium using a cationic surfactant (CTMABr=cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) as structural directing agent, and starting from molecular atrane complexes of Zn and Si as hydrolytic inorganic precursors. This chemical procedure allows optimizing the dispersion of the ZnO particles in the silica walls. The bimodal mesoporous nature of the final high surface area nano-sized materials is confirmed by XRD, TEM, and N 2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The small intra-particle mesopore system is due to the supramolecular templating effect of the surfactant, while the large pores have their origin in the packing voids generated by aggregation of the primary nanometric mesoporous particles. A limited pore blocking and a high accessibility to the ZnO active nanoparticles have been achieved. The effects induced by the progressive incorporation of ZnO nanoparticles into the mesostructure have been examined, including a careful optical spectroscopic study (PL and UV-visible).

  17. Hydrolysis of oligosaccharides from distillers grains using organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous silica catalysts.

    PubMed

    Bootsma, Jason A; Entorf, Matthew; Eder, Judd; Shanks, Brent H

    2008-08-01

    The use of propylsulfonic acid-functionalized mesoporous silica as a catalyst for the hydrolysis of oligosaccharides released by hydrothermal pretreatment of distiller's grains was examined in batch reactor studies. The effectiveness of the catalyst system for oligosaccharide hydrolysis was found to improve significantly with increased reaction temperature. This higher temperature operation allowed for more selective recovery of glucose, but was detrimental to arabinose recovery since significant degradation occurred. Xylose recovery efficiency improved with increasing temperature, but the higher temperature led to increased degradation. Using a model feed, solubilized proteins were found to deactivate the organic-inorganic hybrid catalyst, but a simple pretreatment with activated silica was found to alleviate the deactivation.

  18. Extrusion polymerization: catalyzed synthesis of crystalline linear polyethylene nanofibers within a mesoporous silica

    PubMed

    Kageyama; Tamazawa; Aida

    1999-09-24

    Crystalline nanofibers of linear polyethylene with an ultrahigh molecular weight (6,200,000) and a diameter of 30 to 50 nanometers were formed by the polymerization of ethylene with mesoporous silica fiber-supported titanocene, with methylalumoxane as a cocatalyst. Small-angle x-ray scattering analysis indicated that the polyethylene fibers consist predominantly of extended-chain crystals. This observation indicates a potential utility of the honeycomb-like porous framework as an extruder for nanofabrication of polymeric materials.

  19. Application of mesoporous silica materials for the immobilization of polyphenol oxidase.

    PubMed

    Corell Escuin, Paula; García-Bennett, Alfonso; Ros-Lis, Jose Vicente; Argüelles Foix, Angel; Andrés, Ana

    2017-02-15

    The ability of a number of mesoporous silica materials (SBA-15, SBA-3, and MCM-48) to immobilize polyphenol oxidase (PPO) at different pH has been tested. Pore size and volume are the structural characteristics with higher influence on the PPO immobilization. Mesoropous material SBA-15 adsorbs a larger quantity of PPO at pH 4.00 and offers an inhibition of enzymatic activity close the 50% in apple extracts.

  20. Tuning the Interfacial Activity of Mesoporous Silicas for Biphasic Interface Catalysis Reactions.

    PubMed

    Xue, Fen; Zhang, Yabin; Zhang, Fengwei; Ren, Xiaomin; Yang, Hengquan

    2017-03-08

    Interface-active particle materials that are able to assemble at the oil/water interface so as to stabilize droplets, are gaining unprecedented interest due to the intriguing applications in catalysis and materials synthesis, etc. In contrast to these potential applications, this kind of materials are still limited and cannot meet some particular demands of practical utilizations such as rationally designed interfacial activity and high stability against concentrated salts. In this contribution, interface-active mesoporous silica nanospheres (MSS@CxZy) are synthesized through simultaneous incorporation of extremely hydrophilic zwitterionic moiety and hydrophobic octyl moiety in the shell. The textural properties of these materials are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and nitrogen sorption. The successful decoration of these functionalities in the shell is confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), (13)C nuclear cross-polar magnetic resonance ((13)C CP/MAS NMR), and (29)Si nuclear cross-polar magnetic resonance ((29)Si CP/MAS NMR). The prepared mesoporous silicas exhibit tunable interfacial activity, so that oil-in-water (O/W) and water-in-oil (W/O) Pickering emulsions can be easily obtained by varying the molar fraction of these two functionalities. The MSS@CxZy-stabilized Pickering emulsions exhibit high stability to coalescence even at 6.0 M NaCl and have relatively low surface coverage of droplets due to electrostatic repulsion, which is normally difficult to obtain for conventional particles. Interestingly, such interface-active mesoporous silicas can also carry polyoxometalate that is hosted in the nanopore to assemble at the oil/water interface and thus efficiently promotes biphasic epoxidation reactions without any external stirring, exemplifying an innovative application of theses developed mesoporous silicas.

  1. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy driving the future of loaded mesoporous silica imaging.

    PubMed

    Fussell, Andrew L; Mah, Pei Ting; Offerhaus, Herman; Niemi, Sanna-Mari; Salonen, Jarno; Santos, Hélder A; Strachan, Clare

    2014-11-01

    This study reports the use of variants of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy as a novel method for improved physicochemical characterization of drug-loaded silica particles. Ordered mesoporous silica is a biomaterial that can be loaded to carry a number of biochemicals, including poorly water-soluble drugs, by allowing the incorporation of drug into nanometer-sized pores. In this work, the loading of two poorly water-soluble model drugs, itraconazole and griseofulvin, in MCM-41 silica microparticles is characterized qualitatively, using the novel approach of CARS microscopy, which has advantages over other analytical approaches used to date and is non-destructive, rapid, label free, confocal and has chemical and physical specificity. The study investigated the effect of two solvent-based loading methods, namely immersion and rotary evaporation, and microparticle size on the three-dimensional (3-D) distribution of the two loaded drugs. Additionally, hyperspectral CARS microscopy was used to confirm the amorphous nature of the loaded drugs. Z-stacked CARS microscopy suggested that the drug, but not the loading method or particle size range, affected 3-D drug distribution. Hyperspectral CARS confirmed that the drug loaded in the MCM-41 silica microparticles was in an amorphous form. The results show that CARS microscopy and hyperspectral CARS microscopy can be used to provide further insights into the structural nature of loaded mesoporous silica microparticles as biomaterials.

  2. Amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles with center-radially hierarchical mesopores as ideal catalyst carriers.

    PubMed

    Du, Xin; He, Junhui

    2012-02-07

    Our previously fabricated amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles (NPs) with center-radially hierarchical mesopores (NH(2)-HMSNs) were purified by a filtration membrane and used as catalyst carriers in the current article. Noble metal NPs (Au, Pd, Pt and Au & Pt) with small sizes (3-8 nm) were successfully immobilized into the NH(2)-HMSNs via the deposition-precipitation method. These noble metal NPs with readily adjusted small sizes have high density and well-dispersed distribution on the surface of large mesopores of NH(2)-HMSNs. Among them, Au-NH(2)-HMSNs were investigated as the composite catalyst in the catalytic reduction of 2-nitroaniline (2-NA) as a model reaction and exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability. The presence of center-radially large mesopores in the NH(2)-HMSNs may favor the loading of noble metal NPs with high density and well-dispersed distribution on the surface of large mesopores of NH(2)-HMSNs. Metal-NH(2)-HMSNs may be more promising composite catalysts due to their superstructure of center-radially hierarchical mesopores that maybe significantly enhance and harmonize the diffusion of guest molecules of different sizes through the porous matrices.

  3. Doxorubicin-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticle composite nanofibers for long-term adjustments of tumor apoptosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Ziming; Pan, Yue; Cheng, Ruoyu; Sheng, Lulu; Wu, Wei; Pan, Guoqing; Feng, Qiming; Cui, Wenguo

    2016-06-01

    There is a high local recurrence (LR) rate in breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and enhancement of the local treatment is promising as a way to improve this. Thus we propose a drug delivery system using doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticle composite nanofibers which can release anti-tumor drugs in two phases—burst release in the early stage and sustained release at a later stage—to reduce the LR of BCT. In the present study, we designed a novel composite nanofibrous scaffold to realize the efficient release of drugs by loading both DOX and DOX-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles into an electrospun PLLA nanofibrous scaffold. In vitro results demonstrated that this kind of nanomaterial can release DOX in two phases, and the results of in vivo experiments showed that this hybrid nanomaterial significantly inhibited the tumor growth in a solid tumor model. Histopathological examination demonstrated that the apoptosis of tumor cells in the treated group over a 10 week period was significant. The anti-cancer effects were also accompanied with decreased expression of Bcl-2 and TNF-α, along with up-regulation of Bax, Fas and the activation of caspase-3 levels. The present study illustrates that the mesoporous silica nanoparticle composite nanofibrous scaffold could have anti-tumor properties and could be further developed as adjuvant therapeutic protocols for the treatment of cancer.

  4. Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose fuel cells.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Tushar; Hu, Ye; Stoller, Meryl; Feldman, Marc; Ruoff, Rodney S; Ferrari, Mauro; Zhang, Xiaojing

    2011-07-21

    The design, fabrication and characterization of an inorganic catalyst based direct glucose fuel cell using mesoporous silica coating as a functional membrane is reported. The desired use of mesoporous silica based direct glucose fuel cell is for a blood vessel implantable device. Blood vessel implantable direct glucose fuel cells have access to higher continuous glucose concentrations. However, reduction in the implant thickness is required for application in the venous system as part of a stent. We report development of an implantable device with a platinum thin-film (thickness: 25 nm) deposited on silicon substrate (500 μm) to serve as the anode, and graphene pressed on a stainless steel mesh (175 μm) to serve as the cathode. Control experiments involved the use of a surfactant-coated polypropylene membrane (50 μm) with activated carbon (198 μm) electrodes. We demonstrate that a mesoporous silica thin film (270 nm) is capable of replacing the conventional polymer based membranes with an improvement in the power generated over conventional direct glucose fuel cells.

  5. TiO2 nanotubes and mesoporous silica as containers in self-healing epoxy coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vijayan P., Poornima; Al-Maadeed, Mariam Ali S. A.

    2016-12-01

    The potential of inorganic nanomaterials as reservoirs for healing agents is presented here. Mesoporous silica (SBA-15) and TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) were synthesized. Both epoxy-encapsulated TiO2 nanotubes and amine-immobilized mesoporous silica were incorporated into epoxy and subsequently coated on a carbon steel substrate. The encapsulated TiO2 nanotubes was quantitatively estimated using a ‘dead pore ratio’ calculation. The morphology of the composite coating was studied in detail using transmission electron microscopic (TEM) analysis. The self-healing ability of the coating was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); the coating recovered 57% of its anticorrosive property in 5 days. The self-healing of the scratch on the coating was monitored using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results confirmed that the epoxy pre-polymer was slowly released into the crack. The released epoxy pre-polymer came into contact with the amine immobilized in mesoporous silica and cross-linked to heal the scratch.

  6. Adsorption of formaldehyde vapor by amine-functionalized mesoporous silica materials.

    PubMed

    Srisuda, Saeung; Virote, Boonamnuayvitaya

    2008-01-01

    The amine-functionalized mesoporous silica materials were prepared via the co-condensation reaction of tetraethoxysilane and three types of organoalkoxysilanes: 3-aminopropyl-trimethoxysilane, n-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, and 3-(2-(2-aminoehtylamino)ethylamino) propyl-trimethoxysilane. Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide was used as a template for forming pores. Specific surface area and pore volume of the amine-functionalized mesoporous silica materials were determined using surface area and pore size analyzer. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscope was employed for identifying the functional groups on pore surface. In addition, the amine-functionalized mesoporous silica materials were applied as adsorbents for adsorbing formaldehyde vapor. FTIR spectra showed the evidence of the reaction between formaldehyde molecules and amine groups on pore surface of adsorbents. The equilibrium data of formaldehyde adsorbed on the adsorbents were analyzed using the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm. The sample functionalized from n-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane showed the highest adsorption capacity owing to its amine groups and the large pore diameter.

  7. TiO2 nanotubes and mesoporous silica as containers in self-healing epoxy coatings

    PubMed Central

    Vijayan P., Poornima; Al-Maadeed, Mariam Ali S. A.

    2016-01-01

    The potential of inorganic nanomaterials as reservoirs for healing agents is presented here. Mesoporous silica (SBA-15) and TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) were synthesized. Both epoxy-encapsulated TiO2 nanotubes and amine-immobilized mesoporous silica were incorporated into epoxy and subsequently coated on a carbon steel substrate. The encapsulated TiO2 nanotubes was quantitatively estimated using a ‘dead pore ratio’ calculation. The morphology of the composite coating was studied in detail using transmission electron microscopic (TEM) analysis. The self-healing ability of the coating was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); the coating recovered 57% of its anticorrosive property in 5 days. The self-healing of the scratch on the coating was monitored using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results confirmed that the epoxy pre-polymer was slowly released into the crack. The released epoxy pre-polymer came into contact with the amine immobilized in mesoporous silica and cross-linked to heal the scratch. PMID:27941829

  8. Design and fabrication of branched polyamine functionalized mesoporous silica: an efficient absorbent for water remediation.

    PubMed

    Nayab, Sana; Farrukh, Aleeza; Oluz, Zehra; Tuncel, Eylül; Tariq, Saadia Rashid; ur Rahman, Habib; Kirchhoff, Katrin; Duran, Hatice; Yameen, Basit

    2014-03-26

    A novel branched polyamine (polyethyleneimine, PEI) functionalized mesoporous silica (MS) adsorbent is developed via a facile "grafting-to" approach. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy verified the effective surface functionalization of MS with monolayer and polymer. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was employed to reveal the morphology of the fabricated materials. The adsorption behavior of the polyamine functionalized mesoporous silica (MS-PEI) is assessed against anionic dyes. The adsorbent characteristics of MS-PEI are compared with a monolayer platform comprising of 3-aminopropyltriethoxy silane (APTES) functionalized mesoporous silica (MS-APTES). The adsorption behavior of the MS-PEI and MS-APTES toward anionic dyes is further evaluated by studying the effect of adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time, and temperature. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models are employed to understand the adsorption mechanism. The obtained kinetic data support a pseudo-second-order adsorption behavior for both monolayer and polymer functionalized MS. The associated thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH°, and ΔS°) reveal that the process of adsorption with MS-PEI is more spontaneous and energetically favored as compared to the adsorption with MS-APTES. Taken together, the novel adsorbent system derived from a combination of MS and branched polymer (MS-PEI) shows the higher absorption efficiency and capacity toward the anionic dyes than the monolayer based adsorbent (MS-APTES).

  9. Protocells: Modular Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle-Supported Lipid Bilayers for Drug Delivery.

    PubMed

    Butler, Kimberly S; Durfee, Paul N; Theron, Christophe; Ashley, Carlee E; Carnes, Eric C; Brinker, C Jeffrey

    2016-04-27

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticle-supported lipid bilayers, termed 'protocells,' represent a potentially transformative class of therapeutic and theranostic delivery vehicle. The field of targeted drug delivery poses considerable challenges that cannot be addressed with a single 'magic bullet'. Consequently, the protocell has been designed as a modular platform composed of interchangeable biocompatible components. The mesoporous silica core has variable size and shape to direct biodistribution and a controlled pore size and surface chemistry to accommodate diverse cargo. The encapsulating supported lipid bilayer can be modified with targeting and trafficking ligands as well as polyethylene glycol (PEG) to effect selective binding, endosomal escape of cargo, drug efflux prevention, and potent therapeutic delivery, while maintaining in vivo colloidal stability. This review describes the individual components of the platform, including the mesoporous silica nanoparticle core and supported lipid bilayer, their assembly (by multiple techniques) into a protocell, and the combined, often synergistic, performance of the protocell based on in vitro and in vivo studies, including the assessment of biocompatibility and toxicity. In closing, the many emerging variations of the protocell theme and the future directions for protocell research are commented on.

  10. Synthesis and Optimization of Surface Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Bioconjugation Platforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gopalan, Anand Srinath

    A large amount of emphasis has been dedicated in recent years to introduce nanoparticles as a viable candidate for targeted therapies. In comparison to other candidates, mesoporous silica nanoparticles have the advantages of being biocompatible, easy to produce, and have the ability to prove to be a theranostic platform. To better study the specific targeting of diseased cells, adhesion studies of drug carrying bioconjugation constructs in fluid environments is required. The goal of this project was to develop a platform based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles that will be used for future multivalent adhesion studies. Specifically, mesoporous silica nanoparticles were synthesized with various sizes and aspect ratios, containing fluorescent dye to enable tracking studies, and with surface treatments that optimized stability and introduced primary-amine functional groups to facilitate attachment with targeted proteins and biomarkers. The effects of various parameters such as solvents, washing methods, secondary modifications and difference in concentrations of the starting materials for the synthesis mixture on the nanoparticles were studied in detail in this thesis. A portion of the study is also dedicated to optimizing a washing procedure to stabilize the particles in an aqueous medium in order to facilitate further modifications. The results of the work in this project can be utilized to provide a platform for further assays in flow chambers after bioconjugation with targeting proteins through orthogonal chemistries to study the adhesion properties in much greater detail.

  11. Study of mesoporous silica/magnetite systems in drug controlled release.

    PubMed

    Souza, K C; Ardisson, J D; Sousa, E M B

    2009-02-01

    Ordered mesoporous materials like SBA-15 have a network of channels and pores with well-defined size in the nanoscale range. This particular silica matrix pore architecture makes them suitable for hosting a broad variety of compounds in very promising materials in a range of applications, including drug release magnetic carriers. In this work, magnetic nanoparticles embedded into mesoporous silica were prepared in two steps: first, magnetite was synthesized by oxidation-precipitation method, and next, the magnetic nanoparticles were coated with mesoporous silica by using nonionic block copolymer surfactants as structure-directing agents. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), N(2) adsorption, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The influence of magnetic nanoparticles on drug release kinetics was studied with cisplatin, carboplatin, and atenolol under in vitro conditions in the absence and in the presence of an external magnetic field (0.25 T) by using NdFeB permanent magnet. The constant external magnetic field did not affect drug release significantly. The low-frequency alternating magnetic field had a large influence on the cisplatin release profile.

  12. Cancer therapy improvement with mesoporous silica nanoparticles combining photodynamic and photothermal therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Z. X.; Huang, Y. Z.; Shi, S. G.; Tang, S. H.; Li, D. H.; Chen, X. L.

    2014-07-01

    In this work, we develop novel mesoporous silica composite nanoparticles (hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd) for the co-delivery of photosensitizer (PS) tetra-substituted carboxyl aluminum phthalocyanine (AlC4Pc) and small Pd nanosheets as a potential dual carrier system to combine photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photothermal therapy (PTT). In the nanocomposite, PS AlC4Pc was covalently conjugated to a mesoporous silica network, and small Pd nanosheets were coated onto the surface of mesoporous silica by both coordination and electrostatic interaction. Since small Pd nanosheets and AlC4Pc display matched maximum absorptions in the 600-800 nm near-infrared (NIR) region, the fabricated hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd nanocomposites can generate both singlet oxygen and heat upon 660 nm single continuous wavelength (CW) laser irradiation. In vitro results indicated that the cell-killing efficacy by simultaneous PDT/PTT treatment using hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd was higher than PDT or PTT treatment alone after exposure to a 660 nm CW-NIR laser.

  13. Cancer therapy improvement with mesoporous silica nanoparticles combining photodynamic and photothermal therapy.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Z X; Huang, Y Z; Shi, S G; Tang, S H; Li, D H; Chen, X L

    2014-07-18

    In this work, we develop novel mesoporous silica composite nanoparticles (hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd) for the co-delivery of photosensitizer (PS) tetra-substituted carboxyl aluminum phthalocyanine (AlC4Pc) and small Pd nanosheets as a potential dual carrier system to combine photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photothermal therapy (PTT). In the nanocomposite, PS AlC4Pc was covalently conjugated to a mesoporous silica network, and small Pd nanosheets were coated onto the surface of mesoporous silica by both coordination and electrostatic interaction. Since small Pd nanosheets and AlC4Pc display matched maximum absorptions in the 600-800 nm near-infrared (NIR) region, the fabricated hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd nanocomposites can generate both singlet oxygen and heat upon 660 nm single continuous wavelength (CW) laser irradiation. In vitro results indicated that the cell-killing efficacy by simultaneous PDT/PTT treatment using hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd was higher than PDT or PTT treatment alone after exposure to a 660 nm CW-NIR laser.

  14. Surface engineering on mesoporous silica chips for enriching low molecular weight phosphorylated proteins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Ye; Peng, Yang; Lin, Kevin; Shen, Haifa; Brousseau, Louis C., III; Sakamoto, Jason; Sun, Tong; Ferrari, Mauro

    2011-02-01

    Phosphorylated peptides and proteins play an important role in normal cellular activities, e.g., gene expression, mitosis, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis, as well as tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. However, technical hurdles hinder the use of common fractionation methods to capture phosphopeptides from complex biological fluids such as human sera. Herein, we present the development of a dual strategy material that offers enhanced capture of low molecular weight phosphoproteins: mesoporous silica thin films with precisely engineered pore sizes that sterically select for molecular size combined with chemically selective surface modifications (i.e. Ga3+, Ti4+ and Zr4+) that target phosphoroproteins. These materials provide high reproducibility (CV = 18%) and increase the stability of the captured proteins by excluding degrading enzymes, such as trypsin. The chemical and physical properties of the composite mesoporous thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and ellipsometry. Using mass spectroscopy and biostatistics analysis, the enrichment efficiency of different metal ions immobilized on mesoporous silica chips was investigated. The novel technology reported provides a platform capable of efficiently profiling the serum proteome for biomarker discovery, forensic sampling, and routine diagnostic applications.Phosphorylated peptides and proteins play an important role in normal cellular activities, e.g., gene expression, mitosis, differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis, as well as tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. However, technical hurdles hinder the use of common fractionation methods to capture phosphopeptides from complex biological fluids such as human sera. Herein, we present the development of a dual strategy material that offers enhanced capture of low molecular weight phosphoproteins: mesoporous

  15. Biological applications and transmission electron microscopy investigation of mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trewyn, Brian G.

    The research presented and discussed within involves the development of novel biological applications of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) and an investigation of mesoporous material by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A series of room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) containing mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) materials with various particle morphologies, including spheres, ellipsoids, rods, and tubes, were synthesized. By changing the RTIL template, the pore morphology was tuned from the MCM-41 type of hexagonal mesopores to rotational moire type of helical channels, and to wormhole-like porous structures. These materials were used as controlled release delivery nanodevices to deliver antibacterial ionic liquids against Escherichia coli K12. The involvement of a specific organosiloxane function group, covalently attached to the exterior of fluorescein doped mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FITC-MSN), on the degree and kinetics of endocytosis in cancer and plant cells was investigated. The kinetics of endocystosis of TEG coated FITC-MSN is significantly quicker than FITC-MSN as determined by flow cytometry experiments. The fluorescence confocal microscopy investigation showed the endocytosis of TEG coated-FITC MSN triethylene glycol grafted fluorescein doped MSN (TEG coated-FITC MSN) into both HeLa cells and Tobacco root protoplasts. Once the synthesis of a controlled-release delivery system based on MCM-41-type mesoporous silica nanorods capped by disulfide bonds with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles was completed. The material was characterized by general methods and the dosage and kinetics of the antioxidant dependent release was measured. Finally, the biological interaction of the material was determined along with TEM measurements. An electron microscopy investigation proved that the pore openings of the MSN were indeed blocked by the Fe 3O4 nanoparticles. The biological interaction investigation demonstrated Fe3O4-capped MSN

  16. Nanoscale control over phase separation in conjugated polymer blends using mesoporous silica spheres.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Timothy L; Yano, Kazuhisa; Wolf, Michael O

    2010-01-05

    A method of preparing blended conjugated polymer microparticles using mesoporous silica spheres is described. Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was blended with poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) by a sequential infiltration-polymerization approach. The materials were evaluated by both scanning and transmission electron microscopy and are shown to retain the overall spherical structure of the silica template. The filling of the mesopores and the polymer distribution within individual particles were determined by a combination of energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption. The results suggest that when PEDOT is added to the silica host, followed by PFA, the phase separation of the two immiscible polymers is constrained by the dimensions of the silica mesopores, ensuring nanoscale contact between the two phases. The silica template can be removed by etching with 25% hydrofluoric acid, leaving behind a blended polymer microparticle. The etched microparticles exhibit macroporous morphologies different from that of pure PEDOT particles prepared by a similar route. The blended microparticles also appear to undergo limited phase separation; no evidence for distinct polymer domains was observed. Conductivity measurements indicate that the blended particles are above the percolation threshold and support the conclusion that the phase domains are extremely small. Importantly, when PFA is added to the host first, followed by PEDOT, there is a striking difference to the final composition and morphology of the particles. This reversal of the blending order results in a more amorphous, phase-separated material. These results demonstrate the preparation of conjugated polymer blends with engineered nanoscale phase separation and may allow for future improvements in organic device architecture and performance.

  17. Enzymes immobilized in mesoporous silica: a physical-chemical perspective.

    PubMed

    Carlsson, Nils; Gustafsson, Hanna; Thörn, Christian; Olsson, Lisbeth; Holmberg, Krister; Åkerman, Björn

    2014-03-01

    Mesoporous materials as support for immobilized enzymes have been explored extensively during the last two decades, primarily not only for biocatalysis applications, but also for biosensing, biofuels and enzyme-controlled drug delivery. The activity of the immobilized enzymes inside the pores is often different compared to that of the free enzymes, and an important challenge is to understand how the immobilization affects the enzymes in order to design immobilization conditions that lead to optimal enzyme activity. This review summarizes methods that can be used to understand how material properties can be linked to changes in enzyme activity. Real-time monitoring of the immobilization process and techniques that demonstrate that the enzymes are located inside the pores is discussed by contrasting them to the common practice of indirectly measuring the depletion of the protein concentration or enzyme activity in the surrounding bulk phase. We propose that pore filling (pore volume fraction occupied by proteins) is the best standard for comparing the amount of immobilized enzymes at the molecular level, and present equations to calculate pore filling from the more commonly reported immobilized mass. Methods to detect changes in enzyme structure upon immobilization and to study the microenvironment inside the pores are discussed in detail. Combining the knowledge generated from these methodologies should aid in rationally designing biocatalyst based on enzymes immobilized in mesoporous materials.

  18. Stabilizing Surfactant Templated Cylindrical Mesopores in Polymer and Carbon Films through Composite Formation with Silica Reinforcement

    SciTech Connect

    Song, Lingyan; Feng, Dan; Lee, Hae-Jeong; Wang, Chengqing; Wu, Quanyan; Zhao, Dongyuan; Vogt, Bryan D.

    2010-10-22

    A facile approach to maintain the periodic mesostructure of cylindrical pores in polymer-resin and carbon films after thermal template removal is explored through the reactive coassembly of resol (carbon precursor) and tetraethylorthosilicate (silica precursor) with triblock copolymer Pluronic F127. Without silica, a low porosity, disordered film is formed after pyrolysis despite the presence of an ordered mesostructure prior to template removal. However for silica concentration greater than 25 wt %, pyrolysis at 350 C yields a mesoporous silica-polymer film with well-defined pore mesostructure. These films remain well ordered upon carbonization at 800 C. In addition to the mesostructural stability, the addition of silica to the matrix impacts other morphological characteristics. For example, the average pore size and porosity of the films increase from 3.2 to 7.5 nm and 12 to 45%, respectively, as the concentration of silica in the wall matrix increases from 0 to 32 wt %. The improved thermal stability of the ordered mesostructure with the addition of silica to the matrix is attributed to the reinforcement of the mechanical properties leading to resistance to stress induced collapse of the mesostructure during template removal.

  19. Mesoporous silica as the enzyme carrier for organophosphate detection and/or detoxification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frančič, Nina; Nedeljko, Polonca; Lobnik, Aleksandra

    2013-05-01

    In the past decade, interest in mesoporous materials has developed dramatically since they can be useful in a number of applications, including adsorption and sensor technology. Mesoporous materials are a class of nanostrustures with well-defined mesoscale (2-50 nm) pores, surface areas up to 1000 m2/g and large pore volumes (~1.0 mL/g). In general, ordered mesoporous materials are formed from solution by co-assembly and cross-linking of network-forming inorganic species (typically oxides) in the presence of structure-directing agents (SDAs) [1]. The SDAs are typically surfactants or blockcopolymers that self-organize into mesoscale (2-50 nm) structures, according to the solution composition and processing conditions used [2]. Owing to their structural properties and regular morphology, mesoporous silicas (MPS) are promising materials for applications in the immobilization processes or as supports for bulky bio-molecules, such as enzymes. We report on the synthesis of mesoporous silica (MPS) particles and their potential use for immobilization of the enzyme hexahistidine tagged OPH (His6-OPH). Particle characterization points out a strong influence of the synthesis parameters (addition of ethyl acetate). BET results show a high specific surface area (300-450 m2/g) and an appropriate pore size distribution ranging from 10 to 40 nm. Immobilization of the enzyme His6-OPH, with the size of 72 kDa and isoelectric point (pI) of 8.5, was carried out in MPS particles of spherical morphology. Preliminary results indicate significant potential in use of encapsulated enzyme His6-OPH for the purpose of bio-sensing or in the detoxification processes of organophosphates.

  20. A magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticle-based drug delivery system for photosensitive cooperative treatment of cancer with a mesopore-capping agent and mesopore-loaded drug

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knežević, Nikola Ž.; Lin, Victor S.-Y.

    2013-01-01

    Lately, there has been a growing interest in anticancer therapy with a combination of different drugs that work by different mechanisms of action, which decreases the possibility that resistant cancer cells will develop. Herein we report on the development of a drug delivery system for photosensitive delivery of a known anticancer drug camptothecin along with cytotoxic cadmium sulfide nanoparticles from a magnetic drug nanocarrier. Core-shell nanoparticles consisting of magnetic iron-oxide-cores and mesoporous silica shells are synthesized with a high surface area (859 m2 g-1) and hexagonal packing of mesopores, which are 2.6 nm in diameter. The mesopores are loaded with anticancer drug camptothecin while entrances of the mesopores are blocked with 2-nitro-5-mercaptobenzyl alcohol functionalized CdS nanoparticles through a photocleavable carbamate linkage. Camptothecin release from this magnetic drug delivery system is successfully triggered upon irradiation with UV light, as measured by fluorescence spectroscopy. Photosensitive anticancer activity of the drug delivery system is monitored by viability studies on Chinese hamster ovarian cells. The treatment of cancer cells with drug loaded magnetic material leads to a decrease in viability of the cells due to the activity of capping CdS nanoparticles. Upon exposure to low power UV light (365 nm) the loaded camptothecin is released which induces additional decrease in viability of CHO cells. Hence, the capping CdS nanoparticles and loaded camptothecin exert a cooperative anticancer activity. Responsiveness to light irradiation and magnetic activity of the nanocarrier enable its potential application for selective targeted treatment of cancer.

  1. Semiconducting polymer encapsulated mesoporous silica particles with conjugated Europium complexes: toward enhanced luminescence under aqueous conditions.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jixi; Prabhakar, Neeraj; Näreoja, Tuomas; Rosenholm, Jessica M

    2014-01-01

    Immobilization of lanthanide organic complexes in meso-organized hybrid materials for luminescence applications have attracted immense interest due to the possibility of controlled segregation at the nanoscopic level for novel optical properties. Aimed at enhancing the luminescence intensity and stability of the hybrid materials in aqueous media, we developed polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) stabilized, semiconducting polymer (poly(9-vinylcarbazole), PVK) encapsulated mesoporous silica hybrid particles grafted with Europium(III) complexes. Monosilylated β-diketonate ligands (1-(2-naphthoyl)-3,3,3-trifluoroacetonate, NTA) were first co-condensed in the mesoporous silica particles as pendent groups for bridging and anchoring the lanthanide complexes, resulting in particles with an mean diameter of ∼ 450 nm and a bimodal pore size distribution centered at 3.5 and 5.3 nm. PVK was encapsulated on the resulted particles by a solvent-induced surface precipitation process, in order to seal the mesopores and protect Europium ions from luminescence quenching by producing a hydrophobic environment. The obtained polymer encapsulated MSN-EuLC@PVK-PVP particles exhibit significantly higher intrinsic quantum yield (Φ(Ln) = 39%) and longer lifetime (τ(obs) = 0.51 ms), as compared with those without polymer encapsulation. Most importantly, a high luminescence stability was realized when MSN-EuLC@PVK-PVP particles were dispersed in various aqueous media, showing no noticeable quenching effect. The beneficial features and positive attributes of both mesoporous silica and semiconducting polymers as lanthanide-complex host were merged in a single hybrid carrier, opening up the possibility of using these hybrid luminescent materials under complex aqueous conditions such as biological/physiological environments.

  2. Supercritical fluid-mediated alumination of mesoporous silica and its beneficial effect on hydrothermal stability.

    PubMed

    O'Neil, Adam S; Mokaya, Robert; Poliakoff, Martyn

    2002-09-11

    We have investigated the use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) as carriers/solvents during the postsynthesis alumination of mesoporous silica. SCFs were found to be ideally suited for transport of Al into mesoporous silica and to lead to Al-grafted aluminosilicate materials that exhibit exceptional hydrothermal (steam) stability even for highly aluminated materials. The improvements in steam stability arising from the use of SCFs as grafting media (as compared to aqueous or organic solvents) are remarkable, especially for Al-grafted MCM-41 materials with high (Si/Al < or = 10) Al contents. It is proposed that under supercritical fluid conditions Al is sorbed on the surface of the pore walls of the host Si-MCM-41 with little penetration into the pore wall region, that is, the low solvating power of SCFs ensures the deposition of Al onto rather than into the silica framework. This is because the host silica framework cannot undergo any significant hydrolysis (to allow penetration of Al into the pore wall region) during the SCF-mediated alumination. Removal of the Al (i.e., dealumination) which occurs during steaming is therefore less detrimental to the structural integrity of SCF-grafted Al-MCM-41 materials since any dealumination that occurs will not involve removal of Al from deep within the pore walls.

  3. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of ordered mesoporous silica as a novel adsorbent in liquisolid formulation

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Bao; Wang, Zhouhua; Quan, Guilan; Peng, Xinsheng; Pan, Xin; Wang, Rongchang; Xu, Yuehong; Li, Ge; Wu, Chuanbin

    2012-01-01

    Background A liquisolid technique has been reported to be a new approach to improve the release of poorly water-soluble drugs for oral administration. However, an apparent limitation of this technique is the formulation of a high dose because a large amount of liquid vehicle is needed, which finally results in a low-dose liquisolid formulation. Silica as an absorbent has been used extensively in liquisolid formulations. Although nanoparticle silica can be prepared and used to improve liquid adsorption capacity, loading a high dose of drug into a liquisolid is still a challenge. With the aim of improving adsorption capacity and accordingly achieving high drug loading, ordered mesoporous silica with a high surface area and narrow pore size distribution was synthesized and used in a liquisolid formulation. Methods Ordered mesoporous silica was synthesized and its particle size and morphology were tailored by controlling the concentration of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide. The ordered mesoporous silica synthesized was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, small-angle x-ray diffraction, wide angle x-ray diffraction, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements. The liquid adsorption capacity of ordered mesoporous silica was subsequently compared with that of conventional silica materials using PEG400 as the model liquid. Carbamazepine was chosen as a model drug to prepare the liquisolid formulation, with ordered mesoporous silica as the adsorbent material. The preparation was evaluated and compared with commercially available fast-release carbamazepine tablets in vitro and in vivo. Results Characterization of the ordered mesoporous silica synthesized in this study indicated a huge Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area (1030 m2/g), an ordered mesoporous structure with a pore size of 2.8 nm, and high adsorption capacity for liquid compared with conventional silica. Compared with fast

  4. High-throughput preparation of hexagonally ordered mesoporous silica and gadolinosilicate nanoparticles for use as MRI contrast agents.

    PubMed

    Tse, Nicholas M K; Kennedy, Danielle F; Moffat, Bradford A; Kirby, Nigel; Caruso, Rachel A; Drummond, Calum J

    2012-08-13

    The development of biomedical nanoparticulate materials for use in diagnostics is a delicate balance between performance, particle size, shape, and stability. To identify materials that satisfy all of the criteria it is useful to employ automated high-throughput (HT) techniques for the study of these materials. The structure and performance of surfactant templated mesoporous silica is very sensitive to a wide number of variables. Variables, such as the concentration of the structure-directing agent, the cosolvent and dopant ions and also the temperature and concentration of quenching all have an influence on the structure, surface chemistry, and therefore, the performance of the mesoporous silica nanoparticles generated. Using an automated robotic synthetic platform, a technique has been developed for the high-throughput preparation of mesoporous silica and gadolinium-doped silicate (gadoliniosilicate) nanoparticulate MRI contrast agents. Twelve identical repeats of both the mesoporous silica and gadolinosilicate were synthesized to investigate the reproducibility of the HT technique. Very good reproducibility in the production of the mesoporous silica and the gadolinosilcate materials was obtained using the developed method. The performance of the gadolinosilicate materials was comparable as a T(1) agent to the commercial MRI contrast agents. This HT methodology is highly reproducible and an effective tool that can be translated to the discovery of any sol-gel derived nanomaterial.

  5. Capillary Condensation Pathways of CO2 under Templated Mesoporous Silica Confinement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bo; Sokol, Paul

    2014-03-01

    Adsorption of CO2 in porous medium has been of great current interest due to its potential for mitigating the global warming caused by greenhouse gases. In particular, the behavior of confined CO2 in mesoporous media near room temperature is particularly relevant to sequestration efforts. Realistic mesoporous systems, such as shales and coals, represent a complex fractal pore structure that complicates the interpretation of adsorption studies. We present the results of a study focused on the adsorption of CO2 in model mesoporous media with well-defined pore structures. Templated porous glasses, such as MCM-41 which has a regular network of 1D pores, provide an ideal system for fundamental studies of the adsorption process. In this study, we focus on the structure of adsorbed CO2 films which evolves in a mixture of phases and the development of nucleation occurs during the formation of high density liquid CO2 inside the confining matrix. We have used Small Angle Neutron Scattering to study the spatial distribution of material radially and transversely within the pores. The 30m SANS NG7 at NIST was used to map out the details of CO2 condensation pathway under mesoporous silica confinement.

  6. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles for treating spinal cord injury

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White-Schenk, Désirée.; Shi, Riyi; Leary, James F.

    2013-02-01

    An estimated 12,000 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) occur every year in the United States. A small oxidative molecule responsible for secondary injury, acrolein, is an important target in SCI. Acrolein attacks essential proteins and lipids, creating a feed-forward loop of oxidative stress in both the primary injury area and the surrounding areas. A small molecule used and FDA-approved for hypertension, hydralazine, has been found to "scavenge" acrolein after injury, but its delivery and short half-life, as well as its hypertension effects, hinder its application for SCI. Nanomedical systems broaden the range of therapeutic availability and efficacy over conventional medicine. They allow for targeted delivery of therapeutic molecules to tissues of interest, reducing side effects of untargeted therapies in unwanted areas. Nanoparticles made from silica form porous networks that can carry therapeutic molecules throughout the body. To attenuate the acrolein cascade and improve therapeutic availability, we have used a one-step, modified Stober method to synthesize two types of silica nanoparticles. Both particles are "stealth-coated" with poly(ethylene) glycol (PEG) (to minimize interactions with the immune system and to increase circulation time), which is also a therapeutic agent for SCI by facilitating membrane repair. One nanoparticle type contains an amine-terminal PEG (SiNP-mPEG-Am) and the other possesses a terminal hydrazide group (SiNP-mPEG-Hz). The former allows for exploration of hydralazine delivery, loading, and controlled release. The latter group has the ability to react with acrolein, allowing the nanoparticle to scavenge directly. The nanoparticles have been characterized and are being explored using neuronal PC-12 cells in vitro, demonstrating the potential of novel silica nanoparticles for use in attenuating secondary injury after SCI.

  7. Periodic mesoporous hydridosilica--synthesis of an "impossible" material and its thermal transformation into brightly photoluminescent periodic mesoporous nanocrystal silicon-silica composite.

    PubMed

    Xie, Zhuoying; Henderson, Eric J; Dag, Ömer; Wang, Wendong; Lofgreen, Jennifer E; Kübel, Christian; Scherer, Torsten; Brodersen, Peter M; Gu, Zhong-Ze; Ozin, Geoffrey A

    2011-04-06

    There has always been a fascination with "impossible" compounds, ones that do not break any rules of chemical bonding or valence but whose structures are unstable and do not exist. This instability can usually be rationalized in terms of chemical or physical restrictions associated with valence electron shells, multiple bonding, oxidation states, catenation, and the inert pair effect. In the pursuit of these "impossible" materials, appropriate conditions have sometimes been found to overcome these instabilities and synthesize missing compounds, yet for others these tricks have yet to be uncovered and the materials remain elusive. In the scientifically and technologically important field of periodic mesoporous silicas (PMS), one such "impossible" material is periodic mesoporous hydridosilica (meso-HSiO(1.5)). It is the archetype of a completely interrupted silica open framework material: its pore walls are comprised of a three-connected three-dimensional network that should be so thermodynamically unstable that any mesopores present would immediately collapse upon removal of the mesopore template. In this study we show that meso-HSiO(1.5) can be synthesized by template-directed self-assembly of HSi(OEt)(3) under aqueous acid-catalyzed conditions and after template extraction remains stable to 300 °C. Above this temperature, bond redistribution reactions initiate a metamorphic transformation which eventually yields periodic mesoporous nanocrystalline silicon-silica, meso-ncSi/SiO(2), a nanocomposite material in which brightly photoluminescent silicon nanocrystallites are embedded within a silica matrix throughout the mesostructure. The integration of the properties of silicon nanocrystallinity with silica mesoporosity provides a wealth of new opportunities for emerging nanotechnologies.

  8. Percolation Diffusion into Self-Assembled Mesoporous Silica Microfibres

    PubMed Central

    Canning, John; Huyang, George; Ma, Miles; Beavis, Alison; Bishop, David; Cook, Kevin; McDonagh, Andrew; Shi, Dongqi; Peng, Gang-Ding; Crossley, Maxwell J.

    2014-01-01

    Percolation diffusion into long (11.5 cm) self-assembled, ordered mesoporous microfibres is studied using optical transmission and laser ablation inductive coupled mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Optical transmission based diffusion studies reveal rapid penetration (<5 s, D > 80 μm2∙s−1) of Rhodamine B with very little percolation of larger molecules such as zinc tetraphenylporphyrin (ZnTPP) observed under similar loading conditions. The failure of ZnTPP to enter the microfibre was confirmed, in higher resolution, using LA-ICP-MS. In the latter case, LA-ICP-MS was used to determine the diffusion of zinc acetate dihydrate, D~3 × 10−4 nm2∙s−1. The large differences between the molecules are accounted for by proposing ordered solvent and structure assisted accelerated diffusion of the Rhodamine B based on its hydrophilicity relative to the zinc compounds. The broader implications and applications for filtration, molecular sieves and a range of devices and uses are described. PMID:28348290

  9. Biocompatible mesoporous silica nanoparticles with different morphologies for animal cell membrane penetration

    SciTech Connect

    Trewyn, B.; Nieweg, J.; Zhao, Y,; Lin, V.

    2007-11-24

    Two MCM-41 type, fluorescein-labeled mesoporous silica nanomaterials (MSNs) consisting of spherical and tube-shaped particles were synthesized and characterized. Both materials have hexagonally arranged mesopores with high surface area (>950 m{sup 2}/g) and a narrow distribution of pore diameters. The cellular uptake efficiency and kinetics of both MSNs were measured in a cancer cell line (CHO) and a noncancerous cell line (fibroblasts) by flow cytometry and fluorescence confocal microscopy. The correlation between the particle morphology and aggregation of MSNs to the effectiveness of cellular uptake was investigated. We envision that our study on the morphology dependent endocytosis of MSNs would lead to future developments of efficient transmembrane nanodevices for intracellular sensing and gene/drug delivery.

  10. Core-shell-type magnetic mesoporous silica nanocomposites for bioimaging and therapeutic agent delivery.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yao; Gu, Hongchen

    2015-01-21

    Advances in nanotechnology and nanomedicine offer great opportunities for the development of nanoscaled theranostic platforms. Among various multifunctional nanocarriers, magnetic mesoporous silica nanocomposites (M-MSNs) attract prominent research interest for their outstanding properties and potential biomedical applications. This Research News article highlights recent progress in the design of core-shell-type M-MSNs for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications. First, an overview of synthetic strategies for three representative core-shell-type M-MSNs with different morphologies and structures is presented. Then, the diagnostic functions of M-MSNs is illustrated for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. Next, magnetic targeted delivery and stimuli-responsive release of drugs, and effective package of DNA/siRNA inside mesopores using M-MSNs as therapeutic agent carriers are discussed. The article concludes with some important challenges that need to be overcome for further practical applications of M-MSNs in nanomedicine.

  11. Water adsorption-desorption isotherms of two-dimensional hexagonal mesoporous silica around freezing point.

    PubMed

    Endo, Akira; Yamaura, Toshio; Yamashita, Kyohei; Matsuoka, Fumio; Hihara, Eiji; Daiguji, Hirofumi

    2012-02-01

    Zr-doped mesoporous silica with a diameter of approximately 3.8 nm was synthesized via an evaporation-induced self-assembly process, and the adsorption-desorption isotherms of water vapor were measured in the temperature range of 263-298 K. The measured adsorption-desorption isotherms below 273 K indicated that water confined in the mesopores did not freeze at any relative pressure. All isotherms had a steep curve, resulting from capillary condensation/evaporation, and a pronounced hysteresis. The hysteresis loop, which is associated with a delayed adsorption process, increased with a decrease in temperature. Furthermore, the curvature radius where capillary evaporation/condensation occurs was evaluated by the combined Kelvin and Gibbs-Tolman-Koening-Buff (GTKB) equations for the modification of the interfacial tension due to the interfacial curvature. The thickness of the water adsorption layer for capillary condensation was slightly larger, whereas that for capillary evaporation was slightly smaller than 0.7 nm.

  12. Co(2+)@Mesoporous Silica Monoliths: Tailor-Made Nanoreactors for Confined Soft Chemistry.

    PubMed

    Delahaye, Emilie; Moulin, Robinson; Aouadi, Merwen; Trannoy, Virgile; Beaunier, Patricia; Fornasieri, Giulia; Bleuzen, Anne

    2015-11-16

    Mesoporous silica monoliths with various ordered nanostructures containing transition metal M(2+) cations in variable amounts were elaborated and studied. A phase diagram depicting the different phases as a function of the M(2+) salt/tetramethyl orthosilicate (TMOS) and surfactant P123/TMOS ratios was established. Thermal treatment resulted in mesoporous monoliths containing isolated, accessible M(2+) species or condensed metal oxides, hydroxides, and salts, depending on the strength of the interactions between the metal species and the ethylene oxide units of P123. The ordered mesoporosity of the monoliths containing accessible M(2+) ions was used as a nanoreactor for the elaboration of various transition metal compounds (Prussian blue analogues, Hofmann compounds, metal-organic frameworks), and this opens the way to the elaboration of a large range of nanoparticles of multifunctional materials.

  13. Titanium-rich highly ordered mesoporous silica synthesized by using a mixed surfactant system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Debraj; Kishor Mal, Nawal; Mukherjee, Manabendra; Bhaumik, Asim

    2006-06-01

    A new titanium-rich highly ordered 2-D hexagonal mesoporous titanium silicate has been synthesized using a mixture of cationic (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) and non-ionic (Brij-35, C 12H 25-(OC 2H 4) 23-OH, a polyether and aliphatic hydrocarbon chain surfactant) mixed surfactant system as the supramolecular structure directing agent (SDA) in the presence of tartaric acid (TA) as a mineralizer of Ti(IV). XRD, N 2 adsorption and TEM data suggested the presence of mesophase with hexagonal pore arrangements and the UV-visible, FT IR and XPS studies suggested the incorporation of mostly tetrahedral titanium (IV) species in the highly ordered silica network. This mesoporous titanium silicate material showed excellent catalytic activity and selectivity in the epoxidation of styrene using dilute aqueous H 2O 2 as oxidant.

  14. X-ray standing wave enhanced scattering from mesoporous silica thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Longlong; Liu, Yupu; Wang, Xiao; Wang, Geng; Zhao, Dongyuan; Chen, Gang

    2017-01-01

    X-ray standing wave enhanced scattering effects are observed in mesoporous silica thin films (MSTFs) deposited on rough indium tin oxide coated glass substrates in grazing-incidence small-angle x-ray scattering studies. The distorted-wave Born approximation theory along with a rigorous wave function analysis is employed to elucidate the dynamical scattering processes occurring in MSTFs. The data analysis is significantly simplified by expressing the x-ray scattering intensity from MSTFs in two separate functions of the wave vector transfer, where the in-plane correlation between neighboring mesopore channels is decoupled from the out-of-plane interference interaction. Remarkable agreement is achieved between experiment and theory.

  15. Synthesis and characterization of amorphous mesoporous silica using TEMPO-functionalized amphiphilic templates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Vries, Wilke; Doerenkamp, Carsten; Zeng, Zhaoyang; de Oliveira, Marcos; Niehaus, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer; Studer, Armido; Eckert, Hellmut

    2016-05-01

    Inorganic-organic hybrid materials based on amorphous mesoporous silica containing organized nitroxide radicals within its mesopores have been prepared using the micellar self-assembly of TEOS solutions containing the nitroxide functionalized amphiphile (4-(N,N-dimethyl-N-hexadecylammonium)-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-N-oxyl-iodide) (CAT-16). This template has been used both in its pure form and in various mixtures with cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The samples have been characterized by chemical analysis, N2 sorption studies, magnetic susceptibility measurements, and various spectroscopic methods. While electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra indicate that the strength of the intermolecular spin-spin interactions can be controlled via the CAT-16/CTAB ratio, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data suggest that these interactions are too weak to facilitate cooperative magnetism.

  16. Chelating-Template-Assisted in Situ Encapsulation of Zinc Ferrite Inside Silica Mesopores for Enhanced Gas-Sensing Characteristics.

    PubMed

    Niu, Kui; Liang, Liman; Peng, Fei; Zhang, Fan; Gu, Yao; Tian, Hongyan

    2016-09-21

    A facile in situ approach has been designed to synthesize zinc ferrite/mesoporous silica guest-host composites. Chelating surfactant, N-hexadecyl ethylenediamine triacetic acid, was employed as structure-directing agent to fabricate mesoporous silica skeleton and simultaneously as complexing agent to incorporate stoichiometric amounts of zinc and iron ions into silica cavities. On this basis, spinel zinc ferrite nanoparticles with grain sizes less than 3 nm were encapsulated in mesoporous channels after calcination. The silica mesostructure, meanwhile, displayed a successive transformation from hexagonal p6mm through bicontinuous cubic Ia3̅d to lamellar phase with increasing the dopant concentration in the initial template solution. In comparison with zinc ferrite nanopowder prepared without silica host, the composite with bicontinuous architecture exhibited higher sensitivity, lower detection limit, lower optimum working temperature, quicker response, and shorter recovery time in sensing performance toward hydrogen sulfide. The significant improvements are from the high surface-to-volume ratio of the guest oxides and the three-dimensional porous structure of the composite. We believe the encapsulation route presented here may pave the way for directly introducing complex metal oxide into mesoporous silica matrix with tailorable mesophases for applications in sensing or other fields.

  17. Simple Fabrication of Mesoporous Silica with Remarkable High Temperature Stability at Neutral pH and Ambient Conditions from TEOS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hess, David; Vippagunta, Radha; Watkins, James

    2007-03-01

    Traditional silica synthesis processes can yield well ordered materials, but the synthesis conditions also lead to incomplete condensation of the silica network, which results in significant structural contraction upon calcination and limited thermal, hydrothermal and mechanical stability. Here we report the synthesis that, surprisingly, yields nearly complete condensation of the silica network (virtually all Q4 linkages) using cysteamine as the catalyst and polyoxyethylene surfactants as the structure directing agents in buffered solution at neutral pH and ambient temperature. Recently, small molecule bifunctional amines, including cysteamine, were evaluated by Morse and co-workers and found to produce silica from TEOS(JACS 2005, 127, 35). Our work combines the cysteamine catalyst system with structure-directing block copolymer surfactants at neutral pH and ambient temperature to produce mesoporous silica. The addition of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to a solution of containing cysteamine, citrate buffer (pH 7.2) and 5wt Brij amphiphilic block copolymer (polyethylene oxide-polyethylene) yields mesoporous silica. The resulting mesoporous silica powder was analyzed using XRD, TGA, FTIR, TEM, and NMR. The materials were found to exhibit stability under extreme temperature calcinations (up to 800 C) in the presence of water. SAXS shows that 1.0 shrinkage upon calcination up to 800C. 29Si NMR analysis indicates a fully condensed silica network, Q4 linkages, in accordance with this observation.

  18. Magnetic Core-Shell Silica Nanoparticles with Large Radial Mesopores for siRNA Delivery.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Lin; Bi, Jingxu; Tang, Youhong; Qiao, Shi-Zhang

    2016-09-01

    A novel type of magnetic core-shell silica nanoparticles is developed for small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery. These nanoparticles are fabricated by coating super-paramagnetic magnetite nanocrystal clusters with radial large-pore mesoporous silica. The amine functionalized nanoparticles have small particle sizes around 150 nm, large radial mesopores of 12 nm, large surface area of 411 m(2) g(-1) , high pore volume of 1.13 cm(3) g(-1) and magnetization of 25 emu g(-1) . Thus, these nanoparticles possess both high loading capacity of siRNA (2 wt%) and strong magnetic response under an external magnetic field. An acid-liable coating composed of tannic acid can further protect the siRNA loaded in these nanoparticles. The coating also increases the dispersion stability of the siRNA-loaded carrier and can serve as a pH-responsive releasing switch. Using the magnetic silica nanoparticles with tannic acid coating as carriers, functional siRNA has been successfully delivered into the cytoplasm of human osteosarcoma cancer cells in vitro. The delivery is significantly enhanced with the aid of the external magnetic field.

  19. Controlled epitaxial growth of mesoporous silica/gold nanorod nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Ching-Mao; Chung, Ming-Fang; Souris, Jeffrey S.; Lo, Leu-Wei

    2014-11-01

    In this work, we describe the controlled synthesis of novel heterogeneous nanostructures comprised of mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (MSGNRs) in the form of core-shell nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells, using a seed-mediated sol-gel method. Although MSGNR core-shell (θ-MSGNR) structures have been reported previously by us and others, we herein discuss the first ever fabrication of MSGNR nanolollipops (φ-MSGNR) and nanodumb-bells (β-MSGNR), achieved by simply controlling the aging time of gold nanorods (GNRs), the residual cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) coating of GNRs, and the addition of dimethyl formamide during incubation, centrifugation, and sonication, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy revealed two bare GNR isoforms, with aspect ratios of approximately 4 and 6, while scanning electron microscopy was used to further elucidate the morphology of φ-MSGNR and β-MSGNR heterostructures. In agreement with the smaller dielectric constants afforded by incomplete silica encasement, spectroscopic studies of φ-MSGNR and β-MSGNR, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands revealed 20-40 nm blue shifts relative to the SPR of θ-MSGNR. On the basis of the attributes and applications of more conventional θ-MSGNRs, φ-MSGNRs and β-MSGNRs are anticipated to provide most of the utility of θ-MSGNRs, but with the additional functionalities that accompany their incorporation of both bare gold and mesoporous silica encased tips; with significant/unique implications for biomedical and catalytic applications.

  20. Influence of protein corona on the transport of molecules into cells by mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Paula, Amauri J; Araujo Júnior, Roberto T; Martinez, Diego Stéfani T; Paredes-Gamero, Edgar J; Nader, Helena B; Durán, Nelson; Justo, Giselle Z; Alves, Oswaldo Luiz

    2013-09-11

    Although there are several studies reporting the promising biological efficiency of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (loaded with antitumoral drugs) against cancer cells and tumors, there are no reports on the influence of the bio-nano interface interactions on the molecular diffusion process occurring along their pores. In this context, we show here that the protein coating formed on multifunctionalized colloidal mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) dispersed in a cell culture medium decreases the release of camptothecin (CPT, a hydrophobic antitumoral drug) from the pores of MSNs. This effect is related to the adsorption of biomolecules on the nanoparticle surface, which partially blocks the pores. Parallely, the hydrophobic functionalization inside the pores can offer suitable sites for the adsorption of other molecules present in the cell culture medium depending on the hydrophobicity, size, and conformation aspects of these molecules and adsorption sites of MSNs. Thus, the molecular cargo loaded in the pores (i.e. CPT) can be replaced by specific molecules present in the dispersion medium. As a consequence, we show that a non-permeable cellular staining molecule such as SYTOX green can be incorporated in MSNs through this mechanism and internalized by cells in an artificial fashion. By extrapolating this phenomenon for applications in vivo, one has to consider now the possible manifestation of unpredicted biological effects from the use of porous silica nanoparticles and others with similar structure due to these internalization aspects.

  1. Synthesis, characterization, and biodistribution studies of (99m)Tc-labeled SBA-16 mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    de Barros, André Luís Branco; de Oliveira Ferraz, Karina Silva; Dantas, Thais Cristina Soares; Andrade, Gracielle Ferreira; Cardoso, Valbert Nascimento; Sousa, Edésia Martins Barros de

    2015-11-01

    Along with anti-cancer drug delivery researches, many efforts have been done to develop new tracers for diagnostic applications. Based on advances in molecular imaging, nanoparticles can be used to visualize, characterize and measure biological process at molecular and cellular level. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to synthesize, characterize and radiolabeled mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for in vivo applications. The nanoparticles were synthesized, functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and then, anchored with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). Particles were physicochemical characterized by elemental analysis (CHN), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and zeta potential, and were morphologically characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), low-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. Results indicate that functionalization process was successfully achieved. Next, functionalized silica nanoparticles were radiolabeled with technetium-99m showing high radiochemical yields and high radiolabeled stability. These findings allow the use of the particles for in vivo applications. Biodistribution and scintigraphic images were carried out in healthy mice in order to determine the fate of the particles. Results from in vivo experiments showed high uptake by liver, as expected due to phagocytosis. However, particles also showed a significant uptake in the lungs, indicated by high lung-to-non-target tissue ratio. In summary, taking into account the great potential of these silica mesoporous structures to carry molecules this platform could be a good strategy for theranostic purposes.

  2. Sodium silicate as source of silica for synthesis of mesoporous SBA-15

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahmat, Norhasyimi; Hamzah, Fazlena; Sahiron, Norsuraya; Mazlan, Marissa; Mukmin Zahari, Muhammad

    2016-06-01

    Ordered mesoporous silica SBA-15 was prepared using hydrothermal synthesis using sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) as the silica source and amphiphilic block copolymer Pluronic P123 as the structure directing agent. The influence of the mass Na2SiO3, ripening duration, aging time and calcination temperature on the structural and mesoporous properties of silica was studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the nitrogen adsorption desorption using Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) are some instruments used to characterize the results of investigation. From XRD analysis, SBA-15 synthesized from sodium silicate yield 2D-hexagonal symmetry (p6mm). From FTIR analysis, functional group Si-O-Si symmetric stretching modes and asymmetric Si- O-Si stretching modes were present. The sample with the highest mass of Na2SiO3 and the shortest aging time exhibited the largest surface area and large pore size. The results also showed the morphological structure could be tuned during ripening stage.

  3. Controlled epitaxial growth of mesoporous silica/gold nanorod nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Ching-Mao; Chung, Ming-Fang; Lo, Leu-Wei; Souris, Jeffrey S.

    2014-11-01

    In this work, we describe the controlled synthesis of novel heterogeneous nanostructures comprised of mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (MSGNRs) in the form of core–shell nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells, using a seed-mediated sol–gel method. Although MSGNR core–shell (θ-MSGNR) structures have been reported previously by us and others, we herein discuss the first ever fabrication of MSGNR nanolollipops (φ-MSGNR) and nanodumb-bells (β-MSGNR), achieved by simply controlling the aging time of gold nanorods (GNRs), the residual cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) coating of GNRs, and the addition of dimethyl formamide during incubation, centrifugation, and sonication, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy revealed two bare GNR isoforms, with aspect ratios of approximately 4 and 6, while scanning electron microscopy was used to further elucidate the morphology of φ-MSGNR and β-MSGNR heterostructures. In agreement with the smaller dielectric constants afforded by incomplete silica encasement, spectroscopic studies of φ-MSGNR and β-MSGNR, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands revealed 20-40 nm blue shifts relative to the SPR of θ-MSGNR. On the basis of the attributes and applications of more conventional θ-MSGNRs, φ-MSGNRs and β-MSGNRs are anticipated to provide most of the utility of θ-MSGNRs, but with the additional functionalities that accompany their incorporation of both bare gold and mesoporous silica encased tips; with significant/unique implications for biomedical and catalytic applications.

  4. Facile, one-pot synthesis, and antibacterial activity of mesoporous silica nanoparticles decorated with well-dispersed silver nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Tian, Yue; Qi, Juanjuan; Zhang, Wei; Cai, Qiang; Jiang, Xingyu

    2014-08-13

    In this study, we exploit a facile, one-pot method to prepare MCM-41 type mesoporous silica nanoparticles decorated with silver nanoparticles (Ag-MSNs). Silver nanoparticles with diameter of 2-10 nm are highly dispersed in the framework of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. These Ag-MSNs possess an enhanced antibacterial effect against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by preventing the aggregation of silver nanoparticles and continuously releasing silver ions for one month. The cytotoxicity assay indicates that the effective antibacterial concentration of Ag-MSNs shows little effect on human cells. This report describes an efficient and economical route to synthesize mesoporous silica nanoparticles with uniform silver nanoparticles, and these nanoparticles show promising applications as antibiotics.

  5. Poly(lactic) acid fibers loaded with mesoporous silica for potential applications in the active food packaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cacciotti, Ilaria; Nanni, Francesca

    2016-06-01

    Multifunctional fibrous systems based on poly(lactic) acid (PLA), mesoporous silica (SiO2) and ascorbic acid (AA) were produced by means of electrospinning technique, for potential applications in the active food packaging sector, as platform for the controlled release of antioxidant and/or antimicrobial agents with the additional filtering function. The ascorbic acid was physisorbed on the surface of mesoporous silica in order to stabilize it and to extend its antioxidant action. The influence of mesoporous silica and ascorbic acid on the microstructural and mechanical properties was investigated, revealing a revelant mechanical reinforcement in the case of fibers loaded only with SiO2 and a decrement in the case of SiO2 with physisorbed ascorbic acid, due to the worse interface between the fillers and the polymeric matrix.

  6. Facile and tunable synthesis of hierarchical mesoporous silica materials ranging from flower structure with wrinkled edges to hollow structure with coarse surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Nanjing; Li, Laifeng; Tang, Fangqiong

    2016-11-01

    Mesoporous silica materials have attracted great attention in many fields. However, facile and tunable synthesis of hierarchical mesoporous silica structures is still a big challenge, and thus the development of them still lags behind. Herein, well-defined mesoporous silica flower structure with wrinkled edges and mesoporous silica hollow structure with coarse surface were synthesized simply by using poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and hexadecylamine as cotemplates in different water/ethanol solvent systems. The shape evolution from flower to hollow can be easily realized by tuning the volume ratio of water to ethanol, and the yields of both materials can reach gram scale. The formation mechanisms of mesoporous silica flower and hollow structures were also experimentally investigated and discussed. These novel hierarchical structures having unique physicochemical properties may bring many interesting insights into scientific research and technological application.

  7. Amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles with center-radially hierarchical mesopores as ideal catalyst carriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Xin; He, Junhui

    2012-01-01

    Our previously fabricated amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles (NPs) with center-radially hierarchical mesopores (NH2-HMSNs) were purified by a filtration membrane and used as catalyst carriers in the current article. Noble metal NPs (Au, Pd, Pt and Au & Pt) with small sizes (3-8 nm) were successfully immobilized into the NH2-HMSNs via the deposition-precipitation method. These noble metal NPs with readily adjusted small sizes have high density and well-dispersed distribution on the surface of large mesopores of NH2-HMSNs. Among them, Au-NH2-HMSNs were investigated as the composite catalyst in the catalytic reduction of 2-nitroaniline (2-NA) as a model reaction and exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability. The presence of center-radially large mesopores in the NH2-HMSNs may favor the loading of noble metal NPs with high density and well-dispersed distribution on the surface of large mesopores of NH2-HMSNs. Metal-NH2-HMSNs may be more promising composite catalysts due to their superstructure of center-radially hierarchical mesopores that maybe significantly enhance and harmonize the diffusion of guest molecules of different sizes through the porous matrices.Our previously fabricated amino-functionalized silica nanoparticles (NPs) with center-radially hierarchical mesopores (NH2-HMSNs) were purified by a filtration membrane and used as catalyst carriers in the current article. Noble metal NPs (Au, Pd, Pt and Au & Pt) with small sizes (3-8 nm) were successfully immobilized into the NH2-HMSNs via the deposition-precipitation method. These noble metal NPs with readily adjusted small sizes have high density and well-dispersed distribution on the surface of large mesopores of NH2-HMSNs. Among them, Au-NH2-HMSNs were investigated as the composite catalyst in the catalytic reduction of 2-nitroaniline (2-NA) as a model reaction and exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability. The presence of center-radially large mesopores in the NH2-HMSNs may favor

  8. Thin-Layer Polymer Wrapped Enzymes Encapsulated in Hierarchically Mesoporous Silica with High Activity and Enhanced Stability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fang; Wang, Meitao; Liang, Chao; Jiang, Huangyong; Shen, Jian; Li, Hexing

    2014-03-01

    A novel soft-hard cooperative approach was developed to synthesize bioactive mesoporous composite by pre-wrapping Penicillin G amidase with poly(acrylaimde) nanogel skin and subsequently incorporating such Penicillin G amidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica. The as-received bioactive mesoporous composite exhibited comparable activity and extraordinarily high stability in comparison with native Penicillin G amidase and could be used repetitively in the water-medium hydrolysis of penicillin G potassium salt. Furthermore, this strategy could be extended to the synthesis of multifunctional bioactive mesoporous composite by simultaneously introducing glucose oxidase nanocapsules and horseradish peroxidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica, which demonstrated a synergic effect in one-pot tandem oxidation reaction. Improvements in the catalytic performances were attributed to the combinational unique structure from soft polymer skin and hard inorganic mesoporous silica shell, which cooperatively helped enzyme molecules to retain their appropriate geometry and simultaneously decreased the enzyme-support negative interaction and mass transfer limitation under heterogeneous conditions.

  9. Thin-Layer Polymer Wrapped Enzymes Encapsulated in Hierarchically Mesoporous Silica with High Activity and Enhanced Stability

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Fang; Wang, Meitao; Liang, Chao; Jiang, Huangyong; Shen, Jian; Li, Hexing

    2014-01-01

    A novel soft-hard cooperative approach was developed to synthesize bioactive mesoporous composite by pre-wrapping Penicillin G amidase with poly(acrylaimde) nanogel skin and subsequently incorporating such Penicillin G amidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica. The as-received bioactive mesoporous composite exhibited comparable activity and extraordinarily high stability in comparison with native Penicillin G amidase and could be used repetitively in the water-medium hydrolysis of penicillin G potassium salt. Furthermore, this strategy could be extended to the synthesis of multifunctional bioactive mesoporous composite by simultaneously introducing glucose oxidase nanocapsules and horseradish peroxidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica, which demonstrated a synergic effect in one-pot tandem oxidation reaction. Improvements in the catalytic performances were attributed to the combinational unique structure from soft polymer skin and hard inorganic mesoporous silica shell, which cooperatively helped enzyme molecules to retain their appropriate geometry and simultaneously decreased the enzyme-support negative interaction and mass transfer limitation under heterogeneous conditions. PMID:24651701

  10. Thin-layer polymer wrapped enzymes encapsulated in hierarchically mesoporous silica with high activity and enhanced stability.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Fang; Wang, Meitao; Liang, Chao; Jiang, Huangyong; Shen, Jian; Li, Hexing

    2014-03-21

    A novel soft-hard cooperative approach was developed to synthesize bioactive mesoporous composite by pre-wrapping Penicillin G amidase with poly(acrylaimde) nanogel skin and subsequently incorporating such Penicillin G amidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica. The as-received bioactive mesoporous composite exhibited comparable activity and extraordinarily high stability in comparison with native Penicillin G amidase and could be used repetitively in the water-medium hydrolysis of penicillin G potassium salt. Furthermore, this strategy could be extended to the synthesis of multifunctional bioactive mesoporous composite by simultaneously introducing glucose oxidase nanocapsules and horseradish peroxidase nanocapsules into hierarchically mesoporous silica, which demonstrated a synergic effect in one-pot tandem oxidation reaction. Improvements in the catalytic performances were attributed to the combinational unique structure from soft polymer skin and hard inorganic mesoporous silica shell, which cooperatively helped enzyme molecules to retain their appropriate geometry and simultaneously decreased the enzyme-support negative interaction and mass transfer limitation under heterogeneous conditions.

  11. Magnetic properties of magnetite nanoparticles coated with mesoporous silica by sonochemical method

    SciTech Connect

    Ursachi, Irina; Vasile, Aurelia; Chiriac, Horia; Postolache, Petronel; Stancu, Alexandru

    2011-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer MCM-41-coating of magnetite nanoparticles performed under ultrasonic irradiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ultrasonic irradiation accelerates the formation of the MCM-41 framework. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hysteretic response to an applied field was investigated applying FORC diagram. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The average coercive field of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles increased after coating. -- Abstract: In this paper we present the magnetic properties of mesoporous silica-coated Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. The coating of magnetite nanoparticles with mesoporous silica shell was performed under ultrasonic irradiation. The obtained mesoporous silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and vibrating sample magnetometer. The hysteretic behavior was studied using first-order reversal curves diagrams. The X-ray diffraction result indicates that the extreme chemical and physical conditions created by acoustic cavitations have an insignificant effect on crystallographic structural characteristic of magnetite nanoparticles. Changes in the coercivity distributions of the magnetite nanoparticles were observed on the first-order reversal curves diagrams for the samples with coated particles compared with the samples containing uncoated particles of magnetite. The coated particles show an increased most probable coercivity of about 20% compared with the uncoated particles which can be associated with an increased anisotropy due to coating even if the interaction field distribution measured on the diagrams are virtually identical for coated/uncoated samples.

  12. Hollow mesoporous silica as a high drug loading carrier for regulation insoluble drug release.

    PubMed

    Geng, Hongjian; Zhao, Yating; Liu, Jia; Cui, Yu; Wang, Ying; Zhao, Qinfu; Wang, Siling

    2016-08-20

    The purpose of this study was to develop a high drug loading hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMS) and apply for regulation insoluble drug release. HMS was synthesized using hard template phenolic resin nanoparticles with the aid of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), which was simple and inexpensive. To compare the difference between normal mesoporous silica (NMS) and hollow mesoporous silica in drug loading efficiency, drug release behavior and solid state, NMS was also prepared by soft template method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), specific surface area analysis, FT-IR and zeta potential were employed to characterize the morphology structure and physicochemical property of these carriers. The insoluble drugs, carvedilol and fenofibrate(Car and Fen), were chosen as the model drug to be loaded into HMS and NMS. We also chose methylene blue (MB) as a basic dye to estimate the adsorption ability of these carriers from macroscopic and microscopic view, and the drug-loaded carriers were systematically studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-vis spectrophotometry. What' more, the in vivo process of HMS was also study by confocal microscopy and in vivo fluorescence imaging. In order to confirm the gastrointestinal safety of HMS, the pathological examination of stomach and intestine also be evaluated. HMS allowed a higher drug loading than NMS and exhibited a relative sustained release curve, while NMS was immediate-release. And the effect of preventing drugs crystallization was weaker than NMS. As for in vivo process, HMS was cleared relatively rapidly from the mouse gastrointestinal and barely uptake by intestinal epithelial cell in this study due to its large particle size. And the damage of HMS to gastrointestinal could be ignored. This study provided a simple method to obtain high drug loading and regulation insoluble drug release, expanded the application of inorganic carriers in drug delivery system

  13. Photoluminescence properties of silica-based mesoporous materials similar to those of nanoscale silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glinka, Yu. D.; Zyubin, A. S.; Mebel, A. M.; Lin, S. H.; Hwang, L. P.; Chen, Y. T.

    Photoluminescence (PL) from composites of 7- and 15-nm sized silica nanoparticles (SNs) and mesoporous silicas (MSs) induced by 266- (4.66-) and 532-nm (2.33-eV) laser light has been studied at room temperature. The multiband PL from MSs in the range of 1.0-2.1 eV is evidenced to originate from isolated bulk and surface non-bridging oxygens (NBOs) and from NBOs combined with variously placed 1-nm sized pore wall oxygen vacancies (OVs). The nature and diversity of NBO light-emitters are confirmed by ab initio calculations. The PL from SNs exhibits only a short wavelength part of the bands (1.5-2.1 eV) originated from isolated bulk and surface NBOs. This fact indicates that the highly OV-bearing structures occur only in extremely thin ( 1 nm) silica layers. The similarity of spectroscopic properties of silica-based nanoscale materials to those of surface-oxidized silicon nanocrystals and porous silicon, containing silica-passivating layers of the same width, is discussed.

  14. Monodispersed mesoporous silica nanoparticles with very large pores for enhanced adsorption and release of DNA.

    PubMed

    Gao, Fei; Botella, Pablo; Corma, Avelino; Blesa, Jose; Dong, Lin

    2009-02-12

    Silica nanoparticles with controlled diameter (approximately 70-300 nm) and with uniform pores of 20 nm are prepared by a low temperature (10 degrees C) synthetic method in the presence of a dual surfactant system. While a triblock copolymer (Pluronic F127) acts as supramolecular template and coassembles with hydrolyzed silica species to develop a partially ordered mesophase with face-centered cubic symmetry, a fluorocarbon surfactant with high surface activity (FC-4) surrounds the silica particles through S+X-I+ interactions, thereby limiting their growth. The final textural properties of this material are achieved by means of a subsequent hydrothermal treatment to yield high pore volume mesoporous silica nanoparticles with the largest pore entrance size (17 nm) and cavity diameter (20 nm) reported up to now. After surface modification with aminopropyl groups, the nanoparticles are able to encapsulate inside the pores molecules of the firefly luciferase plasmid DNA (pGL3-Control, 5256 pb), leading to stable conjugates with up to 0.07 microg DNA m(-2), which is the highest content achieved with silica-based materials. Furthermore, plasmid DNA becomes protected from enzymatic degradation when conjugated with the mesostructured nanoparticles.

  15. Thermoresponsive gold nanoshell@mesoporous silica nano-assemblies: an XPS/NMR survey.

    PubMed

    Soulé, S; Allouche, J; Dupin, J-C; Courrèges, C; Plantier, F; Ojo, W-S; Coppel, Y; Nayral, C; Delpech, F; Martinez, H

    2015-11-21

    This work provides a detailed study on the physico-chemical characterization of a mechanized silver-gold alloy@mesoporous silica shell/pseudorotaxane nano-assembly using two main complementary techniques: XPS and NMR (liquid- and solid-state). The pseudorotaxane nanovalve is composed of a stalk (N-(6-aminohexyl)-aminomethyltriethoxysilane)/macrocycle (cucurbit[6]uril (CB6)) complex anchored to the silica shell leading to a silica/nanovalve hybrid organic-inorganic interface that has been fully characterized. The stalk introduction in the silica network was clearly demonstrated by XPS measurements, with the Si 2p peak shifting to lower energy after grafting, and through the analysis of the C 1s and N 1s core peaks, which indicated the presence of CB6 on the nanoparticle surface. For the first time, the complex formation on nanoparticles was proved by high speed (1)H MAS NMR experiments. However, these solid state NMR analyses have shown that the majority of the stalk does not interact with the CB6 macrocycle when formulated in powder after removing the solvent. This can be related to the large number of possible organizations and interactions between the stalk, the CB6 and the silica surface. These results highlight the importance of using a combination of adapted and complementary highly sensitive surface and volume characterization techniques to design tailor-made hybrid hierarchical structured nano-assemblies with controlled and efficient properties for potential biological purposes.

  16. Self-Assembled Mercaptan on Mesoporous Silica (SAMMS) technology of mercury removal and stabilization

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, Xiangdong; Liu, Jun; Fryxell, G.E.

    1997-09-01

    This paper explains the technology developed to produce Self-Assembled Mercaptan on Mesoporous Silica (SAMMS) for mercury removal from aqueous wastewater and from organic wastes. The characteristics of SAMMS materials, including physical characteristics and mercury loading, and its application for mercury removal and stabilization are discussed. Binding kinetics and binding speciations are reported. Preliminary cost estimates are provided for producing SAMMS materials and for mercury removal from wastewater. The characteristics of SAMMS in mercury separation were studied at PNNL using simulated aqueous tank wastes and actual tritiated pump oil wastes from Savannah River Site; preliminary results are outlined. 47 refs., 16 figs., 16 tabs.

  17. Biosensing Paraoxon in Simulated Environmental Samples by Immobilized Organophosphorus Hydrolase in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica

    SciTech Connect

    Lei, Chenghong; Valenta, Michelle M.; Saripalli, Prasad; Ackerman, Eric J.

    2007-01-01

    There is a critical need for highly sensitive, cost-effective sensors to conduct ecological analyses for environmental and homeland security related applications. We report here on a method which significantly overcomes this difficulty, and demonstrate its application in a biosensor for aquatic environmental applications. A fast-responding and stable biosensor was developed via immobilization of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) in functionalized mesoporous silica (FMS) with pore sizes in tens of nanometers. The sensor was tested for detection of paraoxon in simulated environmental samples, under wide ranging physico-chemical conditions.

  18. Mesoporous Silica Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis, Sensing, Drug Delivery and Gene Transfection

    SciTech Connect

    Radu, Daniela Rodica

    2004-01-01

    The central theme of this dissertation is represented by the versatility of mesoporous silica nanomaterials in various applications such as catalysis and bio-applications, with main focus on biological applications of Mesoporous Silica Nanospheres (MSN). The metamorphosis that we impose to these materials from catalysis to sensing and to drug and gene delivery is detailed in this dissertation. First, we developed a synthetic method that can fine tune the amount of chemically accessible organic functional groups on the pores surface of MSN by exploiting electrostatic and size matching between the cationic alkylammonium head group of the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant and various anionic organoalkoxysilane precursors at the micelle-water interface in a base-catalyzed condensation reaction of silicate. Aiming nature imitation, we demonstrated the catalytic abilities of the MSNs, We utilized an ethylenediamine functional group for chelating Cu2+ as a catalytic functional group anchored inside the mesopores. Thus, a polyalkynylene-based conducting polymer (molecular wire) was synthesized within the Cu-functionalized MSNs silica catalyst. For sensing applications, we have synthesized a poly(lactic acid) coated mesoporous silica nanosphere (PLA-MSN) material that serves as a fluorescence sensor system for detection of amino-containing neurotransmitters in neutral aqueous buffer. We exploited the mesoporosity of MSNs for encapsulating pharmaceutical drugs. We examined bio-friendly capping molecules such as polyamidoamine dendrimers of generations G2 to G4, to prevent the drug leaching. Next, the drug delivery system employed MSNs loaded with Doxorubicin, an anticancer drug. The results demonstrated that these nano-Trojan horses have ability to deliver Doxorubicin to cancer cells and induce their death. Finally, to demonstrate the potential of MSN as an universal cellular transmembrane nanovehicle, we anchored positively charged dendrimers on

  19. Mesoporous silica functionalized with 1-furoyl thiourea urea for Hg(II) adsorption from aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Mureseanu, Mihaela; Reiss, Aurora; Cioatera, Nicoleta; Trandafir, Ion; Hulea, Vasile

    2010-10-15

    New organic-inorganic hybrid materials were prepared by covalently anchoring 1-furoyl thiourea on mesoporous silica (SBA-15). By means of various characterization techniques (X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, thermogravimetric analysis, and FTIR spectroscopy) it has been established that the organic groups were successfully anchored on the SBA-15 surfaces and the ordering of the inorganic support was preserved during the chemical modifications. The hybrid sorbents exhibited good ability to remove Hg(II) from aqueous solution. Thus, at pH 6, the adsorption capacity of mercury ions reached 0.61 mmol g(-1).

  20. Aerosol Droplet Delivery of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles: A Strategy for Respiratory-Based Therapeutics

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xueting; Xue, Min; Raabe, Otto G.; Aaron, Holly L.; Eisen, Ellen A.; Evans, James E.; Hayes, Fred A.; Inaga, Sumire; Tagmout, Abderrahmane; Takeuchi, Minoru; Vulpe, Chris; Zink, Jeffrey I.; Risbud, Subhash H.; Pinkerton, Kent E.

    2015-01-01

    A highly versatile nanoplatform that couples mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) with an aerosol technology to achieve direct nanoscale delivery to the respiratory tract is described. This novel method can deposit MSN nanoparticles throughout the entire respiratory tract, including nasal, tracheobronchial and pulmonary regions using a water-based aerosol. This delivery method was successfully tested in mice by inhalation. The MSN nanoparticles used have the potential for carrying and delivering therapeutic agents to highly specific target sites of the respiratory tract. The approach provides a critical foundation for developing therapeutic treatment protocols for a wide range of diseases where aerosol delivery to the respiratory system would be desirable. PMID:25819886

  1. Synthesis of Polydopamine-Like Nanocapsules via Removal of a Sacrificial Mesoporous Silica Template with Water.

    PubMed

    Nador, Fabiana; Guisasola, Eduardo; Baeza, Alejandro; Villaecija, Miguel Angel Moreno; Vallet-Regí, Maria; Ruiz-Molina, Daniel

    2017-02-24

    Hollow polymeric polydopamine (PDA) micro-/nanocapsules have been obtained through a very simple, mild, and straightforward method that involves coating of silica mesoporous nanoparticles through an ammonia-triggered polymerization of PDA and the posterior removal of the sacrificial template simply by dispersion in water, without the need of any harsh chemical reagent, either in the presence or absence of active principles, from doxorubicin to iron oxide nanoparticles. To demonstrate the potential of the nanocapsules obtained with this new approach, they have been successfully used as nanocarriers for drug delivery.

  2. Highly sensitive and stable relative humidity sensors based on WO3 modified mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tomer, Vijay K.; Duhan, Surender

    2015-02-01

    This study investigates the effectiveness of using WO3 loaded mesoporous silica nanocomposite developed using one step hydrothermal method for measuring relative humidity (RH) at room temperature. On measuring the sensing response, the nanocomposite sensor exhibits excellent linearity, negligible hysteresis, swift response and recovery time, good repeatability, and outstanding stability in 11%-98% RH range. The complex impedance spectra of the sensor at different RHs were used to explore the humidity sensing mechanism. This work could encourage a right approach to blueprint practical humidity sensors with high sensitivity, long stability and fast response/recovery time.

  3. Enzyme-Controlled Nanodevice for Acetylcholine-Triggered Cargo Delivery Based on Janus Au-Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Llopis-Lorente, Antoni; Díez, Paula; de la Torre, Cristina; Sánchez, Alfredo; Sancenón, Félix; Aznar, Elena; Marcos, María D; Martínez-Ruíz, Paloma; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Villalonga, Reynaldo

    2017-03-28

    This work reports a new gated nanodevice for acetylcholine-triggered cargo delivery. We prepared and characterized Janus Au-mesoporous silica nanoparticles functionalized with acetylcholinesterase on the Au face and with supramolecular β-cyclodextrin:benzimidazole inclusion complexes as caps on the mesoporous silica face. The nanodevice is able to selectively deliver the cargo in the presence of acetylcholine via enzyme-mediated acetylcholine hydrolysis, locally lowering the pH and opening the supramolecular gate. Given the key role played by ACh and its relation with Parkinson's disease and other nervous system diseases, we believe that these findings could help design new therapeutic strategies.

  4. Expanding the Versatility of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles towards Drug Delivery for In-vitro, In-vivo and Clinical Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferris, Daniel Patrick

    The work covered in this thesis focuses on research developments in the mesoporous silica nanoparticle platform as a drug delivery vehicle for containment and controlled release of therapeutic agents to inhibit disease. Mesoporous silica is a very versatile material with a very robust structure that is easily modified both internally and externally to change its physical properties. Once modified, the silica nanoparticies can be loaded with therapeutic agents that can be isolated from interacting with their surroundings until an on command delivery signal is received. In this dissertation, first, application of a noninvasive externally controlled means of activation such as light activation and magnetically based heating have been investigated and achieved. Next, by altering the structure of rotaxanes based on azobenzene, steps towards a self-sealing light activated full rotaxane system have been developed. Then, through the manipulation of the particle structure as well as the internal pore environment of silica particle, the interaction between guest drug molecules and the particles has been better understood towards optimizing drug loading and release efficiency. Finally, surface modification of silica nanoparticles with biomolcules has been achieved and observed to increase the efficacy of the silica nanoparticle system in the cellular environment. A combination of all these areas of research results in the advancement of the mesoporous silica nanoparticle drug delivery system towards utilization within living organisms.

  5. Flexible, cathodoluminescent and free standing mesoporous silica films with entrapped quasi-2D perovskites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vassilakopoulou, Anastasia; Papadatos, Dionysios; Koutselas, Ioannis

    2017-04-01

    The effective entrapment of hybrid organic-inorganic semiconductors (HOIS) into mesoporous polymer-silica hybrid matrices, formed as free standing flexible films, is presented for the first time. A blend of quasi-2D HOIS, simply synthesized by mixing two-dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) HOIS, exhibiting strong photoluminescence, is embedded into porous silica matrices during the sol-gel synthesis, using tetraethylorthosilicate as precursor and Pluronic F-127 triblock copolymer as structure directing agent, under acidic conditions. The final nanostructure hybrid forms flexible, free standing films, presenting high cathodoluminescence and long stable excitonic luminescence, indicating the protective character of the hybrid matrix towards the entrapped perovskite. A significant result is that the photoluminescence of the entrapped HOIS is not affected even after films' prolonged exposure to water.

  6. In situ synthesis, characterization, and catalytic performance of tungstophosphoric acid encapsulated into the framework of mesoporous silica pillared clay.

    PubMed

    Li, Baoshan; Liu, Zhenxing; Han, Chunying; Ma, Wei; Zhao, Songjie

    2012-07-01

    Mesoporous silica pillared clay (SPC) incorporated with tungstophosphoric acid (HPW) has been synthesized via in situ introducing P and W source in the acidic suspension of the clay interlayer template during the formation of the silica pillared clay. The samples were characterized by XRD, XRF, FT-IR, TG-DTA, N(2) adsorption-desorption, and SEM techniques. The results showed that the HPW formed by in situ method has been effectively introduced into the framework of mesoporous silica pillared clay and its Keggin structure remained perfectly after formation of the materials. In addition, samples with similar HPW loadings were also prepared by impregnation method using SPC as the support. HPW in the incorporated samples was better dispersed into the silica pillared clay than in the impregnated samples. The results of catalytic tests indicated that the encapsulated materials demonstrated better catalytic performance than the impregnated samples in oxidative desulfurization (ODS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT).

  7. Mesoporous Nano-Silica Serves as the Degradation Inhibitor in Polymer Dielectrics

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Yang; Hu, Jun; He, Jinliang

    2016-01-01

    A new generation of nano-additives for robust high performance nanodielectrics is proposed. It is demonstrated for the first time that mesoporous material could act as “degradation inhibitor” for polymer dielectrics to sequestrate the electrical degradation products then restrain the electrical aging process especially under high temperature conditions, which is superior to the existing additives of nanodielectrics except further increasing the dielectric strength. Polyethylenimine (PEI) loaded nano-scaled mesoporous silica MCM-41 (nano-MS) is doped into the dielectric matrix to prepare the PP/MCM-41-PEI nanocomposites. PEI provides the amines to capture the electrical degradation products while the MCM-41 brackets afford large adsorption surface, bring down the activating temperature of the absorbent then enhance the absorptive capacity. The electrical aging tests confirm the contribution of the mesoporous structure to electrical aging resistance and FT-IR analysis of the electrical degraded regions demonstrates the chemical absorption especially under high temperature conditions. Take the experimental data as examples, extending the aging durability and dielectric strength of polymer dielectrics by 5 times and 16%, respectively, can have substantial commercial significance in energy storage, power electronics and power transmission areas. PMID:27338622

  8. Mesoporous Nano-Silica Serves as the Degradation Inhibitor in Polymer Dielectrics.

    PubMed

    Yang, Yang; Hu, Jun; He, Jinliang

    2016-06-24

    A new generation of nano-additives for robust high performance nanodielectrics is proposed. It is demonstrated for the first time that mesoporous material could act as "degradation inhibitor" for polymer dielectrics to sequestrate the electrical degradation products then restrain the electrical aging process especially under high temperature conditions, which is superior to the existing additives of nanodielectrics except further increasing the dielectric strength. Polyethylenimine (PEI) loaded nano-scaled mesoporous silica MCM-41 (nano-MS) is doped into the dielectric matrix to prepare the PP/MCM-41-PEI nanocomposites. PEI provides the amines to capture the electrical degradation products while the MCM-41 brackets afford large adsorption surface, bring down the activating temperature of the absorbent then enhance the absorptive capacity. The electrical aging tests confirm the contribution of the mesoporous structure to electrical aging resistance and FT-IR analysis of the electrical degraded regions demonstrates the chemical absorption especially under high temperature conditions. Take the experimental data as examples, extending the aging durability and dielectric strength of polymer dielectrics by 5 times and 16%, respectively, can have substantial commercial significance in energy storage, power electronics and power transmission areas.

  9. Mesoporous Nano-Silica Serves as the Degradation Inhibitor in Polymer Dielectrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Yang; Hu, Jun; He, Jinliang

    2016-06-01

    A new generation of nano-additives for robust high performance nanodielectrics is proposed. It is demonstrated for the first time that mesoporous material could act as “degradation inhibitor” for polymer dielectrics to sequestrate the electrical degradation products then restrain the electrical aging process especially under high temperature conditions, which is superior to the existing additives of nanodielectrics except further increasing the dielectric strength. Polyethylenimine (PEI) loaded nano-scaled mesoporous silica MCM-41 (nano-MS) is doped into the dielectric matrix to prepare the PP/MCM-41-PEI nanocomposites. PEI provides the amines to capture the electrical degradation products while the MCM-41 brackets afford large adsorption surface, bring down the activating temperature of the absorbent then enhance the absorptive capacity. The electrical aging tests confirm the contribution of the mesoporous structure to electrical aging resistance and FT-IR analysis of the electrical degraded regions demonstrates the chemical absorption especially under high temperature conditions. Take the experimental data as examples, extending the aging durability and dielectric strength of polymer dielectrics by 5 times and 16%, respectively, can have substantial commercial significance in energy storage, power electronics and power transmission areas.

  10. Triblock siloxane copolymer surfactant: template for spherical mesoporous silica with a hexagonal pore ordering.

    PubMed

    Stébé, M J; Emo, M; Forny-Le Follotec, A; Metlas-Komunjer, L; Pezron, I; Blin, J L

    2013-02-05

    Ordered mesoporous silica materials with a spherical morphology have been prepared for the first time through the cooperative templating mechanism (CTM) by using a silicone triblock copolymer as template. The behavior of the pure siloxane copolymer amphiphile in water was first investigated. A direct micellar phase (L(1)) and a hexagonal (H(1)) liquid crystal were found. The determination of the structural parameters by SAXS measurements leads us to conclude that in the hexagonal liquid crystal phase a part of the ethylene oxide group is not hydrated as observed for the micelles. Mesoporous materials were then synthesized from the cooperative templating mechanism. The recovered materials were characterized by SAXS measurements, nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The results clearly evidence that one can control the morphology and the nanostructuring of the resulting material by modifying the synthesis parameters. Actually, highly ordered mesoporous materials with a spherical morphology have been obtained with a siloxane copolymer/tetramethoxysilane molar ratio of 0.10 after hydrothermal treatment at 100 °C. Our study also supports the fact that the interactions between micelles and the hydrolyzed precursor are one of the key parameters governing the formation of ordered mesostructures through the cooperative templating mechanism. Indeed, we have demonstrated that when the interactions between micelles are important, only wormhole-like structures are recovered.

  11. One-pot pseudomorphic crystallization of mesoporous porous silica to hierarchical porous zeolites

    SciTech Connect

    Xing, Jun-Ling; Jiang, Shu-Hua; Pang, Jun-Ling; Yuan, En-Hui; Ma, Xiao-Jing; Lam, Koon-Fung; Xue, Qing-Song; Zhang, Kun

    2015-09-15

    Hierarchically porous silica with mesopore and zeolitic micropore was synthesized via pseudomorphic crystallization under high-temperature hydrothermal treatment in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium tosylate and tetrapropylammonium ions. A combined characterization using small-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), and elemental analysis showed that dual templates, CTA{sup +} and TPA{sup +} molecules, can work in a cooperative manner to synthesize mesoporous zeolite in a one-pot system by precisely tuning the reaction conditions, such as reaction time and temperature, and type and amount of heterometal atoms. It is found that the presence of Ti precursor is critical to the successful synthesis of such nanostructure. It not only retards the nucleation and growth of crystalline MFI domains, but also acts as nano-binder or nano-glue to favor the assembly of zeolite nanoblocks. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • A facile method to synthesize mesoporous zeolites with hierarchical porosity was presented. • It gives a new insight into keeping the balance between mesoscopic and molecular ordering in hierarchical porous materials. • A new understanding on the solid–solid transformation mechanism for the synthesis of titanosilicate zeolites was proposed.

  12. Progammed synthesis of magnetic mesoporous silica coated carbon nanotubes for organic pollutant adsorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Yue; Zhang, Min; Xia, Peixiong; Wang, Linlin; Zheng, Jing; Li, Weizhen; Xu, Jingli

    2016-05-01

    Magnetic mesoporous silica coated carbon nanotubes were produced from hydrophilic monodisperse magnetic nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes using well controlled programmed synthesis method and were characterized by TEM, XRD, FTIR, TGA, N2 adsorption-desorption and VSM. The well-designed mesoporous magnetic nanotubes had a large specific area, a highly open mesoporous structure and high magnetization. Firstly, SiO2-coated maghemite/CNTs nanoparticles (CNTs/Fe3O4@SiO2 composites) were synthesized by the combination of high temperature decomposition process and an sol-gel method, in which the iron acetylacetonate as well as TEOS acted as the precursor for maghemite and SiO2, respectively. The CNTs/Fe3O4@SiO2 composites revealed a core-shell structure, Then, CNTs/Fe3O4@mSiO2 was obtained by extracting cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) via an ion-exchange procedure. The resulting composites show not only a magnetic response to an externally applied magnetic field, but also can be a good adsorbent for the organic pollutant in the ambient temperature.

  13. Enzyme-entrapped mesoporous silica for treatment of uric acid disorders.

    PubMed

    Muthukoori, Shanthini; Narayanan, Naagarajan; Chandra, Manuguri Sesha Sarath; Sethuraman, Swaminathan; Krishnan, Uma Maheswari

    2013-05-01

    Gout is an abnormality in the body resulting in the accumulation of uric acid mainly in joints. Dissolution of uric acid crystals into soluble allantoin by the enzyme uricase might provide a better alternative for the treatment of gout. This work aims to investigate the feasibility of a transdermal patch loaded with uricase for better patient compliance. Mesoporous silica (SBA-15) was chosen as the matrix for immobilisation of uricase. Highly oriented mesoporous SBA-15 was synthesized, characterized and uricase was physisorbed in the mesoporous material. The percentage adsorption and release of enzyme in borate buffer was monitored. The release followed linear kinetics and greater than 80% enzyme activity was retained indicating the potential of this system as an effective enzyme immobilization matrix. The enzyme permeability was studied with Wistar rat skin and human cadaver skin. It was found that in case of untreated rat skin 10% of enzyme permeated through skin in 100 h. The permeation increased by adding permeation enhancer (combination of oleic acid in propylene glycol (OA in PG)). The permeation enhancement was studied under two concentrations of OA in PG (1%, 5%) in both rat and human cadaver skin and it was found that 1% OA in PG showed better result in rat skin and 5% OA in PG showed good results in human cadaver skin.

  14. Silylated mesoporous silica membranes on polymeric hollow fiber supports: synthesis and permeation properties.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyung-Ju; Brunelli, Nicholas A; Brown, Andrew J; Jang, Kwang-Suk; Kim, Wun-gwi; Rashidi, Fereshteh; Johnson, Justin R; Koros, William J; Jones, Christopher W; Nair, Sankar

    2014-10-22

    We report the synthesis and organic/water separation properties of mesoporous silica membranes, supported on low-cost and scalable polymeric (polyamide-imide) hollow fibers, and modified by trimethylsilylation with hexamethyldisilazane. Thin (∼1 μm) defect-free membranes are prepared, with high room-temperature gas permeances (e.g., 20,000 GPU for N2). The membrane morphology is characterized by multiple techniques, including SEM, TEM, XRD, and FT-ATR spectroscopy. Silylation leads to capping of the surface silanol groups in the mesopores with trimethylsilyl groups, and does not affect the integrity of the mesoporous silica structure and the underlying hollow fiber. The silylated membranes are evaluated for pervaporative separation of ethanol (EtOH), methylethyl ketone (MEK), ethyl acetate (EA), iso-butanol (i-BuOH), and n-butanol (n-BuOH) from their dilute (5 wt %) aqueous solutions. The membranes show separation factors in the range of 4-90 and high organic fluxes in the range of 0.18-2.15 kg m(-2) h(-1) at 303 K. The intrinsic selectivities (organic/water permeability ratios) of the silylated membranes at 303 K are 0.33 (EtOH/water), 0.5 (MEK/water), 0.25 (EA/water), 1.25 (i-BuOH/water), and 1.67 (n-BuOH/water) respectively, in comparison to 0.05, 0.015, 0.005, 0.08, and 0.14 for the unmodified membranes. The silylated membranes allow upgradation of water/organics feeds to permeate streams with considerably higher organics content. The selective and high-flux separation is attributed to both the organophilic nature of the modified mesopores and the large effective pore size. Comparison with other organics/water separation membranes reveals that the present membranes show promise due to high flux, use of scalable and low-cost supports, and good separation factors that can be further enhanced by tailoring the mesopore silylation chemistry.

  15. Organically functionalized mesoporous silica as a support for synthesis and catalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McEleney, Kevin Andrew

    Mesoporous silicates are excellent materials for supported catalysis due to their ease of functionalization, tunable pore size and high surface areas. Mesoporous silicates have been utilized in a variety of applications such as drug delivery scaffolds and catalyst supports. Functionalization of the surface can be achieved by either grafting of alkoxy silanes or co-condensation of the organosilane with the inorganic silica source. My research in this area can be divided into two components. In the first, we address the significant issue of metal contamination after reactions that are catalyzed by transition metals. In the second, we examine the design of new catalysts based on organic/inorganic composites. Ruthenium catalyzed processes such as olefin metathesis or asymmetric hydrogenation, are often underutilized due to the difficulty of removing the ruthenium by-products. Attempts to remove ruthenium involve treating the solution with a scavenging reagent followed by silica chromatography. Often these scavenging agents are expensive phosphines or toxic agents like lead tetra-acetate. SBA-15 functionalized with aminopropyl triethoxysilane displays a high affinity for ruthenium. Furthermore, it can be utilized to remove ruthenium by-products from olefin metathesis or hydrogenation reactions without the need for silica chromatography. We have also prepared sulfur-functionalized mesoporous silicates that have a high affinity for palladium. The materials after loading prove to be active catalysts for a variety of palladium catalyzed processes such as Suzuki-Miyaura and Sonogashira couplings. The catalysts are recyclable with moderate loss of activity and structure, depending on the method of incorporation of the thiol. We have characterized the as-synthesized and used catalysts by nitrogen sorption, TEM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and a variety of homogeneity tests were performed on the catalysts. Periodic mesoporous organosilicates (PMOs) are a well known

  16. Cholera toxin subunit B-mediated intracellular trafficking of mesoporous silica nanoparticles toward the endoplasmic reticulum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, William Andrew

    In recent decades, pharmaceutical research has led to the development of numerous treatments for human disease. Nanoscale delivery systems have the potential to maximize therapeutic outcomes by enabling target specific delivery of these therapeutics. The intracellular localization of many of these materials however, is poorly controlled, leading to sequestration in degradative cellular pathways and limiting the efficacy of their payloads. Numerous proteins, particularly bacterial toxins, have evolved mechanisms to subvert the degradative mechanisms of the cell. Here, we have investigated a possible strategy for shunting intracellular delivery of encapsulated cargoes from these pathways by modifying mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with the well-characterized bacterial toxin Cholera toxin subunit B (CTxB). Using established optical imaging methods we investigated the internalization, trafficking, and subcellular localization of our modified MSNs in an in vitro animal cell model. We then attempted to demonstrate the practical utility of this approach by using CTxB-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles to deliver propidium iodide, a membrane-impermeant fluorophore.

  17. Synthesis and improved SERS performance of silver nanoparticles-decorated surface mesoporous silica microspheres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Tao; Wang, Xiaolong; Zhang, Li; Zhou, Jun; Zhao, Ziqi

    2016-08-01

    This study reported the improved Raman enhancement ability of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) decorated on surface mesoporous silica microspheres (MSiO2@Ag) than that of Ag NPs on solid silica microspheres (SSiO2@Ag). These two kinds of hybrid structures were prepared by a facile single-step hydrothermal reaction with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) serves as both a reductant and stabilizer. The as-synthesized MSiO2@Ag microspheres show more significant surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity for 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4MBA) than SSiO2@Ag microspheres with enhancement factors as 9.20 × 106 and 4.39 × 106, respectively. The proposed reason for the higher SERS activity is estimated to be the contribution of more Raman probe molecules at the mesoporous channels where an enhanced electromagnetic field exists. Such a field was identified by theoretical calculation result. The MSiO2@Ag microspheres were eventually demonstrated for the SERS detection of a typical chemical toxin namely methyl parathion with a detection limit as low as 1 × 10-3 ppm, showing its promising potential in biosensor application.

  18. Curcumin-loaded silica-based mesoporous materials: Synthesis, characterization and cytotoxic properties against cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Bollu, Vishnu Sravan; Barui, Ayan Kumar; Mondal, Sujan Kumar; Prashar, Sanjiv; Fajardo, Mariano; Briones, David; Rodríguez-Diéguez, Antonio; Patra, Chitta Ranjan; Gómez-Ruiz, Santiago

    2016-06-01

    Two different silica based (MSU-2 and MCM-41) curcumin loaded mesoporous materials V3 and V6 were synthesized and characterized by several physico-chemical techniques. Release kinetic study revealed the slow and sustained release of curcumin from those materials in blood simulated fluid (pH: 7.4). The materials V3 and V6 were found to be biocompatible in non-cancerous CHO cell line while exhibiting significant cytotoxicity in different cancer cells (human lung carcinoma cells: A549, human breast cancer cells: MCF-7, mouse melanoma cells: B16F10) compared to pristine curcumin indicating the efficacy of the mesoporous silica materials based drug delivery systems (DDSs). The generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and down regulation of anti-apoptotic protein leading to the induction of apoptosis were found to be the plausible mechanisms behind the anti-cancer activity of these DDSs. These results suggest that curcumin-loaded drug delivery system may be successfully employed as an alternative treatment strategy for cancer therapeutics through a nanomedicine approach in near future.

  19. Improved Performance of Lipase Immobilized on Tannic Acid-Templated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Yanjun; Sun, Wenya; Zhou, Liya; Ma, Li; He, Ying; Gao, Jing

    2016-08-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles were synthesized by using tannic acid as a pore-forming agent, which is an environmentally friendly, cheap, and non-surfactant template. SEM and TEM images indicated that the tannic acid-templated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (TA-MSNs) are monodisperse spherical-like particles with an average diameter of 195 ± 16 nm. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) results showed that the TA-MSNs had a relatively high surface area (447 m(2)/g) and large pore volume (0.91 cm(3)/g), and the mean pore size was ca. 10.1 nm. Burkholderia cepacia lipase was immobilized on the TA-MSNs by physical adsorption for the first time, and the properties of immobilized lipase (BCL@TA-MSNs) were investigated. The BCL@TA-MSNs exhibited satisfactory thermal stability; strong tolerance to organic solvents such as methanol, ethanol, isooctane, n-hexane, and tetrahydrofuran; and high operational reusability when BCL@TA-MSNs were applied in esterification and transesterification reactions. After recycling 15 times in the transesterification reaction for biodiesel production, over 85 % of biodiesel yield can be maintained. With these desired characteristics, the TA-MSNs may provide excellent candidates for enzyme immobilization.

  20. Thermally Stable Nanocatalyst for High Temperature Reactions: Pt-Mesoporous Silica Core-Shell Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Joo, Sang Hoon; Park, J.Y.; Tsung, C.-K.; Yamada, Y.; Yang, P.; Somorjai, G.A.

    2008-10-25

    Recent advances in colloidal synthesis enabled the precise control of size, shape and composition of catalytic metal nanoparticles, allowing their use as model catalysts for systematic investigations of the atomic-scale properties affecting catalytic activity and selectivity. The organic capping agents stabilizing colloidal nanoparticles, however, often limit their application in high-temperature catalytic reactions. Here we report the design of a high-temperature stable model catalytic system that consists of Pt metal core coated with a mesoporous silica shell (Pt{at}mSiO{sub 2}). While inorganic silica shells encaged the Pt cores up to 750 C in air, the mesopores directly accessible to Pt cores made the Pt{at}mSiO{sub 2} nanoparticles as catalytically active as bare Pt metal for ethylene hydrogenation and CO oxidation. The high thermal stability of Pt{at}mSiO{sub 2} nanoparticles permitted high-temperature CO oxidation studies, including ignition behavior, which was not possible for bare Pt nanoparticles because of their deformation or aggregation. The results suggest that the Pt{at}mSiO{sub 2} nanoparticles are excellent nanocatalytic systems for high-temperature catalytic reactions or surface chemical processes, and the design concept employed in the Pt{at}mSiO{sub 2} core-shell catalyst can be extended to other metal-metal oxide compositions.

  1. Molecular imprinted macroporous chitosan coated mesoporous silica xerogels for hemorrhage control.

    PubMed

    Dai, Chenglong; Liu, Changsheng; Wei, Jie; Hong, Hua; Zhao, Qinghui

    2010-10-01

    Efficacious hemostatic agents have significant potential for use in rapid exsanguinating hemorrhage control by emergency medical technician or military medic nowadays. Unfortunately, the topical hemostats currently available in market still have various disadvantages. In this study, a series of macroporous chitosan coated mesoporous silica xerogel beads (CSSX) with good biocompatibility were developed. They consisted of mesoporous silica xerogel cores and chitosan layers with macroporous structure by using modified sol-gel process and PEG molecular imprinting technique. The textural properties of the CSSX beads were optimized by in vitro and in vivo evaluation for promoting blood clotting and the results indicated that the prepared CSSX beads can significantly accelerate the contact activation pathway of coagulation cascade and produce desirable hemostasis, with the best efficiency from the CSSX prepared with 2% chitosan and 5% PEG. Furthermore, these CSSX beads were observed to create no exothermic reaction and the subsequential tissue thermal injury by histological examination, and exhibited no obvious cytotoxicity even after 7 days. The results of the present study forward CSSX bead as a safe hemostatic system and present a platform for further optimization studies of materials with enhanced hemostatic capabilities for specific injury types.

  2. Amine-modified ordered mesoporous silica: The effect of pore size on CO2 capture performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Lin; Yao, Manli; Hu, Xin; Hu, Gengshen; Lu, Jiqing; Luo, Mengfei; Fan, Maohong

    2015-01-01

    The objective of current research is to investigate the effect of pore size of mesoporous silica supports on the CO2 capture performance of solid amine sorbents. Two ordered mesoporous silicas (OMS) with different pore sizes (5.6 nm and 7.6 nm) were synthesized as tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) supports. A serious of techniques, such as physical adsorption, infrared spectroscopy and thermal gravimetric analysis were used to characterize the solid amine sorbents. The CO2 capture performances of the sorbents were evaluated using breakthrough method with a fixed-bed reactor equipped with an online mass spectrometer. The experimental results indicate that the pore size has significant influence on CO2 capture performance. Larger pore size could decrease the mass transfer resistance and increase the interaction between CO2 and TEPA. Therefore, OMS-7.6 is better than OMS-5.6 as amine support. The highest CO2 sorption capacities achieved with OMS-7.6 with 50 wt% TEPA loading (OMS-7.6-50) in the absence and presence of moisture are 3.45 mmol/g and 4.28 mmol/g, respectively, under the conditions of 10.0% CO2/N2 mixture at 75 °C. Cyclic CO2 adsorption-desorption experiments indicate that the solid amine sorbents are fairly stable and regenerable.

  3. Dopamine modulated ionic permeability in mesoporous silica sphere based biomimetic compartment.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wei; Yang, Xiaohai; He, Dinggeng; He, Leiliang; Li, Li; Liu, Yu; Liu, Jianbo; Wang, Kemin

    2016-06-01

    The building of artificial systems with similar structure and function as cellular compartments will expand our understanding of compartmentalization related biological process and facilitate the construction of biomimetic highly functional structures. Herein, surface phenylboronic acid functionalized mesoporous silica sphere was developed as a biomimetic dopamine gated compartment, in which the ionic permeability can be well modulated through the dopamine-binding induced charge reversal. As the phenylboronic acid is negatively charged, the negatively charged 1, 3, 6, 8-pyrenetetrasulfonic acid (TPSA) was hindered from permeation into the biomimetic compartment. However, the presence of dopamine and its binding with phenylboronic acid reversed the gatekeeper shell from negative to positive charged and gated the permeation of TPSA into the interior. The dopamine gated permeation phenomenon resembles that in biological system, and thus the phenylboronic acid functionalized mesoporous silica sphere was taken as a simple model for dopamine gated ion channel decorated biological compartment. It will also contribute to the development of artificial cell and responsive nanoreactor.

  4. Molecular ordering of mixed surfactants in mesoporous silicas: A solid-state NMR study

    SciTech Connect

    Kobayashi, Takeshi; Mao, Kanmi; Wang, Shy-Guey; Lin, Victor S.-Y.; Pruski, Marek

    2011-02-17

    The use of mixed surfactants in the synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) is of importance in the context of adjusting pore structures, sizes and morphologies. In the present study, the arrangement of molecules in micelles produced from a mixture of two surfactants, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB) was detailed by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Proximities of methyl protons in the trimethylammonium headgroup of CTAB and protons in the pyridinium headgroup of CPB were observed under fast magic angle spinning (MAS) by {sup 1}H-{sup 1}H double quantum (DQ) MAS NMR and NOESY. This result suggested that CTAB and CPB co-exist in the pores without forming significant monocomponent domain structures. {sup 1}H-{sup 29}Si heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) NMR showed that protons in the headgroups of CTAB are in closer proximity to the silica surface than those in the CPB headgroups. The structural information obtained in this investigation leads to better understanding of the mechanisms of self-assembly and their role in determining the structure and morphology of mesoporous materials.

  5. Pb (II) removal from aqueous media by EDTA-modified mesoporous silica SBA-15.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jin; Ye, Meng; Qu, Yuqi; Chu, Lianfeng; Chen, Rui; He, Qizhuang; Xu, Dongfang

    2012-11-01

    An organic-inorganic hybrid mesoporous silica material was synthesized by two-step post-grafting method of SBA-15 with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxy-silane (APTES) and thionyl dichloride (SOCl(2)) activated ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) in sequence and measured by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis (EA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen (N(2)) adsorption-desorption analysis and back titration. The material was found having the beneficial properties of mesoporous silica SBA-15 and EDTA. Adsorption potential of the material for Pb (II) removal from aqueous solution was investigated by varying experimental conditions such as pH, contact time and initial metal concentration. The removal efficiency of Pb(2+) was high under studied experimental conditions. The adsorption equilibrium could be reached within 20 min and the kinetic data were fitted well by pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion model. The adsorbent exhibited a favorable performance and its maximum adsorption capacity calculated by the Langmuir model was 273.2 mg g(-1). Recycling experiments showed the adsorbent could be regenerated by acid treatment without altering its properties. The chemical states of the elements involved in the adsorption were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results demonstrated that the adsorption mechanism of the material involved Na Pb ion-exchange and carboxyl group dominated surface complexation.

  6. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles functionalized with folic acid/methionine for active targeted delivery of docetaxel

    PubMed Central

    Khosravian, Pegah; Shafiee Ardestani, Mehdi; Khoobi, Mehdi; Ostad, Seyed Naser; Dorkoosh, Farid Abedin; Akbari Javar, Hamid; Amanlou, Massoud

    2016-01-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are known as carriers with high loading capacity and large functionalizable surface area for target-directed delivery. In this study, a series of docetaxel-loaded folic acid- or methionine-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DTX/MSN-FA or DTX/MSN-Met) with large pores and amine groups at inner pore surface properties were prepared. The results showed that the MSNs were successfully synthesized, having good pay load and pH-sensitive drug release kinetics. The cellular investigation on MCF-7 cells showed better performance of cytotoxicity and cell apoptosis and an increase in cellular uptake of targeted nanoparticles. In vivo fluorescent imaging on healthy BALB/c mice proved that bare MSN-NH2 are mostly accumulated in the liver but MSN-FA or MSN-Met are more concentrated in the kidney. Importantly, ex vivo fluorescent images of tumor-induced BALB/c mice organs revealed the ability of MSN-FA to reach the tumor tissues. In conclusion, DTX/MSNs exhibited a good anticancer activity and enhanced the possibility of targeted drug delivery for breast cancer. PMID:27980423

  7. Mesoporous-silica nanofluidic channels for quick enrichment/extraction of trace pesticide molecules

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Pengcheng; Chen, Chuanzhao; Li, Xinxin

    2015-01-01

    As nanofluidic channels, uniaxially oriented mesoporous-silica is, for the first time, in-situ self-assembled in a microfluidic chip for quick enrichment/extraction of ng L−1(ppt)-level organo-phosphorous (OP) pesticide residue from aqueous solution to ethanol. This micro/nano combined pre-treatment chip is essential for following gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) quantitative analysis. Featuring huge surface area and dense silanol groups at the inwall surface, the mesoporous-silica is uniaxially self-assembled in a micro-reservoir to form a pile of nanofluidic channels (diameter = 2.1 nm). The captured/enriched pesticide molecules in the nanochannels can be efficiently extracted by much smaller volume of ethanol due to its much higher solubility to OP. In our affirming experiment, three mixed OP pesticides of dichlorvos, paraoxon and chlorpyrifos (in water) are captured/enriched by the nano-channels and eluted/extracted by only 0.6 mL ethanol. The whole process only takes 16 min. The GC-MS quantitative results for the extracted three pesticides indicate that the extraction recovery achieves 80%. The achieved limit of quantification (LOQ) and the limit of detection (LOD) are 100 ng L−1 and 30 ng L−1, respectively. The nanofluidic-channel pre-treatment technique is promising in various application fields like agriculture and food safety security. PMID:26596908

  8. Cellular Interactions and Formation of an Epithelial “Nanocoating-Like Barrier” with Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xuan; Pang, Ka Yan; Ng, Tsz Wing; Leung, Ping Chung; Zhang, Cheng Fei; Leung, Ken Cham-Fai; Jin, Lijian

    2016-01-01

    Oral mucosa as the front-line barrier in the mouth is constantly exposed to a complex microenvironment with multitudinous microbes. In this study, the interactions of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with primary human gingival epithelial cells were analyzed for up to 72 h, and their diffusion capacity in the reconstructed human gingival epithelia (RHGE) and porcine ear skin models was further assessed at 24 h. It was found that the synthesized fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (RITC-NPs) with low cytotoxicity could be uptaken, degraded, and/or excreted by the human gingival epithelial cells. Moreover, the RITC-NPs penetrated into the stratum corneum of RHGE in a time-dependent manner, while they were unable to get across the barrier of stratum corneum in the porcine ear skins. Consequently, the penetration and accumulation of RITC-NPs at the corneum layers of epithelia could form a “nanocoating-like barrier”. This preliminary proof-of-concept study suggests the feasibility of developing nanoparticle-based antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agents through topical application for oral healthcare. PMID:28335320

  9. Utilization of Enzyme-Immobilized Mesoporous Silica Nanocontainers (IBN-4) in Prodrug-Activated Cancer Theranostics

    PubMed Central

    Hung, Bau-Yen; Kuthati, Yaswanth; Kankala, Ranjith Kumar; Kankala, Shravankumar; Deng, Jin-Pei; Liu, Chen-Lun; Lee, Chia-Hung

    2015-01-01

    To develop a carrier for use in enzyme prodrug therapy, Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized onto mesoporous silica nanoparticles (IBN-4: Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology), where the nanoparticle surfaces were functionalized with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and further conjugated with glutaraldehyde. Consequently, the enzymes could be stabilized in nanochannels through the formation of covalent imine bonds. This strategy was used to protect HRP from immune exclusion, degradation and denaturation under biological conditions. Furthermore, immobilization of HRP in the nanochannels of IBN-4 nanomaterials exhibited good functional stability upon repetitive use and long-term storage (60 days) at 4 °C. The generation of functionalized and HRP-immobilized nanomaterials was further verified using various characterization techniques. The possibility of using HRP-encapsulated IBN-4 materials in prodrug cancer therapy was also demonstrated by evaluating their ability to convert a prodrug (indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)) into cytotoxic radicals, which triggered tumor cell apoptosis in human colon carcinoma (HT-29 cell line) cells. A lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay revealed that cells could be exposed to the IBN-4 nanocomposites without damaging their membranes, confirming apoptotic cell death. In summary, we demonstrated the potential of utilizing large porous mesoporous silica nanomaterials (IBN-4) as enzyme carriers for prodrug therapy. PMID:28347114

  10. Multifunctional Enveloped Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Subcellular Co-delivery of Drug and Therapeutic Peptide

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Guo-Feng; Chen, Wei-Hai; Liu, Yun; Lei, Qi; Zhuo, Ren-Xi; Zhang, Xian-Zheng

    2014-01-01

    A multifunctional enveloped nanodevice based on mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) was delicately designed for subcellular co-delivery of drug and therapeutic peptide to tumor cells. Mesoporous silica MCM-41 nanoparticles were used as the core for loading antineoplastic drug topotecan (TPT). The surface of nanoparticles was decorated with mitochondria-targeted therapeutic agent (Tpep) containing triphenylphosphonium (TPP) and antibiotic peptide (KLAKLAK)2 via disulfide linkage, followed by coating with a charge reversal polyanion poly(ethylene glycol)-blocked-2,3-dimethylmaleic anhydride-modified poly(L-lysine) (PEG-PLL(DMA)) via electrostatic interaction. It was found that the outer shielding layer could be removed at acidic tumor microenvironment due to the degradation of DMA blocks and the cellular uptake was significantly enhanced by the formation of cationic nanoparticles. After endocytosis, due to the cleavage of disulfide bonds in the presence of intracellular glutathione (GSH), pharmacological agents (Tpep and TPT) could be released from the nanoparticles and subsequently induce specific damage of tumor cell mitochondria and nucleus respectively with remarkable synergistic antitumor effect. PMID:25317538

  11. Mesoporous Silica Coated Polydopamine Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide for Synergistic Targeted Chemo-Photothermal Therapy.

    PubMed

    Shao, Leihou; Zhang, Ruirui; Lu, Jianqing; Zhao, Caiyan; Deng, Xiongwei; Wu, Yan

    2017-01-18

    The integration of different therapies into a single nanoplatform has shown great promise for synergistic tumor treatment. Herein, mesoporous silica (MS) coated polydopamine functionalized reduced graphene oxide (pRGO) further modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) (pRGO@MS-HA) has been utilized as a versatile nanoplatform for synergistic targeted chemo-photothermal therapy against cancer. A facile and green chemical method is adopted for the simultaneous reduction and noncovalent functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) by using mussel inspired dopamine (DA) to enhance biocompatibility and the photothermal effect. Then, it was coated with mesoporous silica (MS) (pRGO@MS) to enhance doxorubicin (DOX) loading and be further modified with the targeting moieties hyaluronic acid (HA). The pH-dependent and near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation-triggered DOX release from pRGO@MS(DOX)-HA is observed, which could enhance the chemo-photothermal therapy effect. In vitro experimental results confirm that pRGO@MS(DOX)-HA exhibits good dispersibility, excellent photothermal property, remarkable tumor cell killing efficiency, and specificity to target tumor cells. In vivo antitumor experiments further demonstrated that pRGO@MS(DOX)-HA could exhibit an excellent synergistic antitumor efficacy, which is much more distinct than any monotherapy. This work presents a novel nanoplatform which could load chemotherapy drugs with high efficiency and be used as light-mediated photothermal cancer therapy agent.

  12. Effect of morphology of mesoporous silica on characterization of protic ionic liquid-based composite membranes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Yun-Sheng; Liang, Gao-Wei; Chen, Bo-Han; Shen, Wei-Chung; Tseng, Chi-Yung; Cheng, Ming-Yao; Rick, John; Huang, Yao-Jheng; Chang, Feng-Chih; Hwang, Bing-Joe

    Effects caused by the morphology of mesoporous silica on the characterization of protic ionic liquid-based composite membranes for anhydrous proton exchange membrane applications are investigated. Two types of SBA15 materials with platelet and fiberlike morphologies are synthesized and incorporated into a mixture of polymerizable monomers together with an ionic liquid (IL) [1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethane sulfone)imide (BMIm-TFSI)] to form new conducting membranes using an in situ photo crosslinking process. Incorporation of a defined amount of fiber-shaped SBA 15 and platelet 15 significantly increases the ionic conductivity to between two and three times that of a plain poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/IL membrane (2.3 mS cm -1) at 160 °C. The protic ionic liquid (PIL) retention ability of the membranes is increased by the capillary forces introduced by the mesoporous silica materials, while ionic conductivity loss after leaching test is retarded. The highest ionic conductivity (5.3 mS cm -1) is obtained by incorporating 5 wt% of P-SBA 15 in the membrane to about six times that of plain PMMA/IL membrane (0.9 mS cm -1) at 160 °C after leaching test.

  13. Enantioselectively controlled release of chiral drug (metoprolol) using chiral mesoporous silica materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Zhen; Du, Yu; Liu, Xianbin; Ng, Siu-Choon; Chen, Yuan; Yang, Yanhui

    2010-04-01

    Chiral porous materials have attracted burgeoning attention on account of their potential applications in many areas, such as enantioseparation, chiral catalysis, chemical sensors and drug delivery. In this report, chiral mesoporous silica (CMS) materials with various pore sizes and structures were prepared using conventional achiral templates (other than chiral surfactant) and a chiral cobalt complex as co-template. The synthesized CMS materials were characterized by x-ray diffraction, nitrogen physisorption, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. These CMS materials, as carriers, were demonstrated to be able to control the enantioselective release of a representative chiral drug (metoprolol). The release kinetics, as modeled by the power law equation, suggested that the release profiles of metoprolol were remarkably dependent on the pore diameter and pore structure of CMS materials. More importantly, R- and S-enantiomers of metoprolol exhibited different release kinetics on CMS compared to the corresponding achiral mesoporous silica (ACMS), attributable to the existence of local chirality on the pore wall surface of CMS materials. The chirality of CMS materials on a molecular level was further substantiated by vibrational circular dichroism measurements.

  14. Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles in Cancer Therapy: Relevance of the Targeting Function.

    PubMed

    Pasqua, Luigi; Leggio, Antonella; Sisci, Diego; Andò, Sebastiano; Morelli, Catia

    2016-01-01

    In the last years, the oncologic research is focusing on the optimization of the clinical approach to the tumor disease, through the development of new therapeutic strategies combining currently used antineoplastic drugs to targeted delivery systems. In fact, due to the drugs poor selectivity for cancer cells, an highly aggressive style of dosing is necessary to eradicate tumors, causing severe toxicity to normal cells. Therefore, localized drug delivery would, ideally, improve the therapeutic efficacy, minimizing side effects. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been proposed as a promising class of versatile drug/DNA delivery vehicles, as well as efficient tools for fluorescent cell tracking. To date, the major limitation is that MSNs enter the cells regardless of a target-specific functionalization. Therefore, this review is aimed to give a brief up to date overview on mesoporous silica based-drug delivery vehicles, specifically applied to tumor therapy, giving particular emphasis to the importance of a targeting function grafted on the carrier surface, so to avoid an indiscriminate uptake by cells.

  15. Mesoporous-silica nanofluidic channels for quick enrichment/extraction of trace pesticide molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Pengcheng; Chen, Chuanzhao; Li, Xinxin

    2015-11-01

    As nanofluidic channels, uniaxially oriented mesoporous-silica is, for the first time, in-situ self-assembled in a microfluidic chip for quick enrichment/extraction of ng L-1(ppt)-level organo-phosphorous (OP) pesticide residue from aqueous solution to ethanol. This micro/nano combined pre-treatment chip is essential for following gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) quantitative analysis. Featuring huge surface area and dense silanol groups at the inwall surface, the mesoporous-silica is uniaxially self-assembled in a micro-reservoir to form a pile of nanofluidic channels (diameter = 2.1 nm). The captured/enriched pesticide molecules in the nanochannels can be efficiently extracted by much smaller volume of ethanol due to its much higher solubility to OP. In our affirming experiment, three mixed OP pesticides of dichlorvos, paraoxon and chlorpyrifos (in water) are captured/enriched by the nano-channels and eluted/extracted by only 0.6 mL ethanol. The whole process only takes 16 min. The GC-MS quantitative results for the extracted three pesticides indicate that the extraction recovery achieves 80%. The achieved limit of quantification (LOQ) and the limit of detection (LOD) are 100 ng L-1 and 30 ng L-1, respectively. The nanofluidic-channel pre-treatment technique is promising in various application fields like agriculture and food safety security.

  16. Separation of complexed mercury from aqueous wastes using self-assembled mercaptan on mesoporous silica

    SciTech Connect

    Mattigod, S.V.; Feng, X.; Fryxell, G.E.; Liu, J.; Gong, M.

    1999-09-01

    Separation of Hg(II) from potassium iodide/sulfate wastes was studied using a novel mesoporous silica material containing self-assembled mercaptan groups. The adsorbent, consisting of self-assembled mercaptan on mesoporous silica (SAMMS) developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), was characterized as to its specificity, adsorption capacity, and kinetics for separation of mercury from potassium iodide/sulfate solutions. Aqueous speciation calculations indicated that a major fraction (92--99%) of dissolved mercury in the potassium iodide/sulfate wastes solutions existed as HgI{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} species. The adsorption data showed that the mercury adsorption capacity of SAMMS material increased with decreasing iodide concentrations. The magnitude of calculated free energy of adsorption indicated that mercury adsorption on this adsorbent is typical of soft acid-soft base interactions. High specificity for anionic complexes of Hg(II) by the SAMMS material was confirmed by distribution coefficient measurements. The kinetics data indicated that the adsorption reactions occur very rapidly independent of Hg(II) concentrations and pH. These tests confirmed that SAMMS material can very effectively remove strongly complexed Hg(II) from aqueous wastes.

  17. Preparation, characterization and selective recognition for vanillic acid imprinted mesoporous silica polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hui; Xu, Miaomiao; Wang, Susu; Lu, Cuimei; Li, Zhiping

    2015-02-01

    A vanillic acid imprinted mesoporous silica polymer (MIPs) was prepared by copolymerizing a modified mesoporous silica molecular sieve with template molecule, functional monomer and cross-linker in present work. Interaction between the template and functional monomer was investigated by ultraviolet/visible spectrophotometry. These MIPs were characterized by Fourier transmission infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Adsorption dynamics and thermodynamic behavior of MIPs was explored and the selective recognition capability evaluated. Also, the applicability for the MIPs as solid phase extraction media was tested. Results indicated the 1:1 (mole ratio) complex of vanillic acid-4-vinylpyridine might predominate in the pre-polymerization mixture and the MIPs obtained possessed rapid binding dynamics and higher affinity toward template molecules, reaching adsorption equilibrium within 230 min with the highest adsorption amount of 50.7 mg g-1. Freundlich model was shown best to describe isotherm adsorption for the MIPs. The MIPs could selectively bind template molecule with selectivity coefficients of 1.36-1.50. In addition, a higher enrichment capability when using it for gathering target compound from methanol extract of Artemisia stelleriana and a good reusability during adsorption-desorption recycling use could be observed.

  18. Mesoporous-silica nanofluidic channels for quick enrichment/extraction of trace pesticide molecules.

    PubMed

    Xu, Pengcheng; Chen, Chuanzhao; Li, Xinxin

    2015-11-24

    As nanofluidic channels, uniaxially oriented mesoporous-silica is, for the first time, in-situ self-assembled in a microfluidic chip for quick enrichment/extraction of ng L(-1)(ppt)-level organo-phosphorous (OP) pesticide residue from aqueous solution to ethanol. This micro/nano combined pre-treatment chip is essential for following gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) quantitative analysis. Featuring huge surface area and dense silanol groups at the inwall surface, the mesoporous-silica is uniaxially self-assembled in a micro-reservoir to form a pile of nanofluidic channels (diameter = 2.1 nm). The captured/enriched pesticide molecules in the nanochannels can be efficiently extracted by much smaller volume of ethanol due to its much higher solubility to OP. In our affirming experiment, three mixed OP pesticides of dichlorvos, paraoxon and chlorpyrifos (in water) are captured/enriched by the nano-channels and eluted/extracted by only 0.6 mL ethanol. The whole process only takes 16 min. The GC-MS quantitative results for the extracted three pesticides indicate that the extraction recovery achieves 80%. The achieved limit of quantification (LOQ) and the limit of detection (LOD) are 100 ng L(-1) and 30 ng L(-1), respectively. The nanofluidic-channel pre-treatment technique is promising in various application fields like agriculture and food safety security.

  19. A fluorescence spectroscopy assay for real-time monitoring of enzyme immobilization into mesoporous silica particles.

    PubMed

    Nabavi Zadeh, Pegah S; Mallak, Kassam Abdel; Carlsson, Nils; Åkerman, Björn

    2015-05-01

    Mesoporous silica particles are used as support material for immobilization of enzymes. Here we investigated a fluorescence-based assay for real-time monitoring of the immobilization of lipase, bovine serum albumin, and glucose oxidase into micrometer-sized mesoporous silica particles. The proteins are labeled with the dye epicocconone, and the interaction with the particles is observed as an increase in emission intensity of the protein-dye conjugates that can be quantified if correcting for a comparatively slow photobleaching. The immobilization occurs in tens of minutes to hours depending on particle concentration and type of protein. In the limit of excess particles over proteins, the formation of the particle-protein complexes can be described by a single exponential growth for all three investigated proteins, and the fitted pseudo-first-order rate constant increases linearly with particle concentration for each protein type. The derived second-order rate constant k varies with the protein hydrodynamic radius according to k∼RH(-4.70±0.01), indicating that the rate-limiting step at high particle concentrations is not the diffusional encounter between proteins and particles but rather the entry into the pores, consistent with the hydrodynamic radii of the three proteins being smaller but comparable to the pore radius of the particles.

  20. Microspectroscopic analysis of green fluorescent proteins infiltrated into mesoporous silica nanochannels.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yujie; Rajendran, Prayanka; Blum, Christian; Cesa, Yanina; Gartmann, Nando; Brühwiler, Dominik; Subramaniam, Vinod

    2011-04-01

    The infiltration of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) into nanochannels of different diameters in mesoporous silica particles was studied in detail by fluorescence microspectroscopy at room temperature. Silica particles from the MCM-41, ASNCs and SBA-15 families possessing nanometer-sized (3-8 nm in diameter) channels, comparable to the dimensions of the infiltrated guest protein EGFP (barrel structure with dimensions of 2.4 nm × 4.2 nm), were used as hosts. We found that it is necessary to first functionalize the surfaces of the silica particles with an amino-silane for effective encapsulation of EGFP. We demonstrated successful infiltration of the protein into the nanochannels based on fluorescence microspectroscopy and loading capacity calculations, even for nanochannel diameters approaching the protein dimensions. We studied the spatial distributions of the EGFPs within the silica particles by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and multimode microscopy. Upon infiltration, the fluorescence lifetime drops as expected for an emitter embedded in a high refractive index medium. Further, the spectral properties of EGFP are preserved, confirming the structural integrity of the infiltrated protein. This inorganic-protein host-guest system is an example of a nanobiophotonic hybrid system that may lead to composite materials with novel optical properties.

  1. Study of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles' (MSNs) intracellular trafficking and their application as drug delivery vehicles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yanes, Rolando Eduardo

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are attractive drug delivery vehicle candidates due to their biocompatibility, stability, high surface area and efficient cellular uptake. In this dissertation, I discuss three aspects of MSNs' cellular behavior. First, MSNs are targeted to primary and metastatic cancer cell lines, then their exocytosis from cancer cells is studied, and finally they are used to recover intracellular proteins. Targeting of MSNs to primary cancer cells is achieved by conjugating transferrin on the surface of the mesoporous framework, which resulted in enhancement of nanoparticle uptake and drug delivery efficacy in cells that overexpress the transferrin receptor. Similarly, RGD peptides are used to target metastatic cancer cell lines that over-express integrin alphanubeta3. A circular RGD peptide is bound to the surface of MSNs and the endocytosis and cell killing efficacy of camptothecin loaded nanoparticles is significantly improved in cells that express the target receptor. Besides targeting, I studied the ultimate fate of phosphonate coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles inside cells. I discovered that the nanoparticles are exocytosed from cells through lysosomal exocytosis. The nanoparticles are exocytosed in intact form and the time that they remain inside the cells is affected by the surface properties of the nanoparticles and the type of cells. Cells that have a high rate of lysosomal exocytosis excrete the nanoparticles rapidly, which makes them more resistant to drug loaded nanoparticles because the amount of drug that is released inside the cell is limited. When the exocytosis of MSNs is inhibited, the cell killing efficacy of nanoparticles loaded with camptothecin is enhanced. The discovery that MSNs are exocytosed by cells led to a study to determine if proteins could be recovered from the exocytosed nanoparticles. The procedure to isolate exocytosed zinc-doped iron core MSNs and identify the proteins bound to them was developed

  2. Stimulus-response mesoporous silica nanoparticle-based chemiluminescence biosensor for cocaine determination.

    PubMed

    Chen, Zhonghui; Tan, Yue; Xu, Kefeng; Zhang, Lan; Qiu, Bin; Guo, Longhua; Lin, Zhenyu; Chen, Guonan

    2016-01-15

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) based controlled release system had been coupled with diverse detection technologies to establish biosensors for different targets. Chemiluminescence (CL) system of luminol/H2O2 owns the characters of simplicity, low cost and high sensitivity, but the targets of which are mostly focused on some oxidants or which can participate in a chemical reaction that yields a product with a role in the CL reaction. In this study, chemiluminescent detection technique had been coupled with mesoporous silica-based controlled released system for the first time to develop a sensitive biosensor for the target which does not cause effect to the CL system itself. Cocaine had been chosen a model target, the MSN support was firstly loaded with glucose, then the positively charged MSN interacted with negatively charged oligonucleotides (the aptamer cocaine) to close the mesopores of MSN. At the present of target, cocaine binds with its aptamer with high affinity; the flexible linear aptamer structured will become stems structured through currently well-defined non-Waston-Crick interactions and causes the releasing of entrapped glucose into the solution. With the assistant of glucose oxidase (GOx), the released glucose can react with the dissolved oxgen to produce gluconic acid and H2O2, the latter can enhance the CL of luminol in the NaOH solution. The enhanced CL intensity has a relationship with the cocaine concentration in the range of 5.0-60μM with the detection limit of 1.43μM. The proposed method had been successfully applied to detect cocaine in serum samples with high selectivity. The same strategy can be applied to develop biosensors for different targets.

  3. Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica Monoliths — A Novel Approach Towards Fabrication of Solid-State Optical Sensors for Environmental Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prabhakaran, D.; Subashini, C.; Akhila Maheswari, M.

    2016-10-01

    Mesoporous silica monoliths are an attractive area of research owing to their high specific surface area, uniform channels and mesoporous size (2-30nm). This paper deals with the direct templating synthesis of a mesoporous worm-like silica monolithic material using F127 — a triblock copolymer, by micro-emulsion technique using trimethyl benzene (TMB), as the solvent. The synthesized silica monolith is characterized using SEM-EDAX, XRD, BET, NMR and FT-IR. The monolith shows an ordered worm-like mesoporous structure with tuneable through pores, an excellent host for the anchoring of chromo-ionophores for the naked-eye metal ion-sensing. The mesoporous monoliths were loaded with 4-dodecyl-6-(2-pyridylazo)-phenol (DPAP) ligand through direct immobilization, thereby acting as solid-state naked-eye colorimetric ion-sensors for the sensing toxic Pb(II) ions at parts-per-billion (ppb) level in various industrial and environmental systems. The influence of various experimental parameters such as solution pH, limiting ligand loading concentration, amount of monolith material, matrix tolerance level, limit of detection and quantification has been studied and optimized.

  4. Large third-order optical nonlinearity in vertically oriented mesoporous silica thin films embedded with Ag nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Min; Liu, Qiming

    2016-12-01

    Taking advantage of the channel confinement of mesoporous films to prevent the agglomeration of Ag nanoparticles to achieve large third-order optical nonlinearity in amorphous materials, Ag-loaded composite mesoporous silica film was prepared by the electrochemical deposition method on ITO substrate. Ag ions were firstly transported into the channels of mesoporous film by the diffusion and binding force of channels, which were reduced to nanoparticles by applying suitable voltage. The existence and uniform distribution of Ag nanoparticles ranging in 1-10 nm in the mesoporous silica thin films were exhibited by UV spectrophotometer, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. The third-order optical nonlinearity induced by Ag nanoparticles was studied by the Z-scan technique. Due to the local field surface plasmon resonance, the maximum third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of Ag-loaded composite mesoporous silica film is 1.53×10-10 esu, which is 1000 times larger than that of the Ag-contained chalcogenide glasses which showed large nonlinearity in amorphous materials.

  5. Preparation of efficient quercetin delivery system on Zn-modified mesoporous SBA-15 silica carrier.

    PubMed

    Trendafilova, Ivalina; Szegedi, Agnes; Mihály, Judith; Momekov, Georgi; Lihareva, Nadejda; Popova, Margarita

    2017-04-01

    Mesoporous silica material type SBA-15 was modified with different amounts of Zn (2 and 4wt.%) by incipient wetness impregnation method in ethanol. The parent, Zn-modified and quercetin loaded samples, were characterized by XRD, N2 physisorption, TEM, thermal gravimetric analysis, UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopies and in vitro release of quercetin at pH5.5 which is typical of dermal formulations. By this loading method anhydrous quercetin was formed on the silica carrier It was found that the different hydrate forms of quercetin (dihydrate, monohydrate, anhydrite) significantly influence the physico-chemical properties of the delivery system. It was found that hydrate forms of quercetin can be differentiated by XRD and by FT-IR spectroscopic methods. Thus, by evaluating the interaction of the drug with the silica carrier the changes due to its hydration state always have to be taken into account. Formation of Zn-quercetin complex was evidenced on zinc modified SBA-15 silica by FT-IR spectroscopy. High quercetin loading capacity (over 40wt.%) could be achieved on the parent and Zn-containing SBA-15 samples. The in-vitro release process at pH=5.5 showed slower quercetin release from Zn-modified SBA-15 samples compared to the parent one. Additionally, the comparative cytotoxic experiments evidenced that quercetin encapsulated in Zn-modified silica carriers has superior antineoplastic potential against HUT-29 cells compared to free drug. Zn-modified SBA-15 silica particles could be promising carriers for dermal delivery of quercetin.

  6. Inclusion of fenofibrate in a series of mesoporous silicas using microwave irradiation.

    PubMed

    Waters, Laura J; Hussain, Talib; Parkes, Gareth; Hanrahan, John P; Tobin, Joseph M

    2013-11-01

    A selection of porous silicas were combined with a model drug using a recently developed, controlled microwave heating process to determine if the application of microwave irradiation could enhance subsequent drug release. Five mesoporous silica types were investigated (core shell, core shell rehydrox, SBA-15, silica gel, SYLOID®) and, for comparison, one non-porous silica (stober). These were formulated using a tailored microwave heating method at drug/excipient ratios of 1:1, 1:3 and 1:5. In addition, all experiments were performed both in the presence and absence of water, used as a fluidising media to aid interaction between drug and support, and compared with results obtained using more traditional heating methods. All formulations were then characterised using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Pharmaceutical performance was investigated using in vitro drug release studies. A significant enhancement in the release profile of fenofibrate was observed for formulations prepared using microwave heating in the absence of water for five of the six silica based formulations. Of all the formulations analysed, the greatest extent of drug release within the experimental 30 min was the 1:5 core shell rehydrox achieving a total of 86.6 ± 2.8%. The non-porous (stober) particles did not exhibit an increased release of the drug under any experimental conditions studied. This anomaly is thought to be a result of the comparatively small surface area of the silica particles, thus preventing the adsorption of drug molecules.

  7. Click on silica: systematic immobilization of Co(II) Schiff bases to the mesoporous silica via click reaction and their catalytic activity for aerobic oxidation of alcohols.

    PubMed

    Rana, Bharat S; Jain, Suman L; Singh, Bhawan; Bhaumik, Asim; Sain, Bir; Sinha, Anil K

    2010-09-07

    The systematic immobilization of cobalt(II) Schiff base complexes on SBA-15 mesoporous silica via copper catalyzed [3 + 2] azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) "click reaction" involving either step-wise synthesis of silica-bound Schiff base ligand followed by its subsequent complexation with cobalt ions, or by the direct immobilization of preformed Co(II) Schiff base complex to the silica support is described. The catalytic activity of the prepared complexes was studied for the oxidation of alcohols to carbonyl compounds using molecular oxygen as oxidant. The immobilized complexes were recycled for several runs without loss in catalytic activity and no leaching was observed during this course.

  8. Removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solution using mesoporous silica synthesized from 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekka, Basanti; Nayak, Soumitra Ranjan; Dash, Priyabrat; Patel, Raj Kishore

    2016-04-01

    In this research, mesoporous silica was synthesized via a modified sol-gel route using 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and was employed to remove malachite green (MG) dye from aqueous solution. Subsequently, this material was characterized and identified by different techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), N2 adsorption-desorption method, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermosgravimetric analysis (TGA). Unique properties such as high surface area and pore diameter, in addition to highly reactive atoms and presence of various functional groups make the mesoporous silica possible for efficient removal of malachite green (MG). In batch experimental set-up, optimum conditions for quantitative removal of MG by mesoporous silica was attained by varying different variables such as adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, contact time, and pH. Optimum values were set as pH of 8.0, 0.5 g of adsorbent at contact time of 120 min. The adsorption of MG follows the pseudo-second-order rate equation. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Freundlich model at all amount of adsorbent, while maximum adsorption capacity was 5.981 mg g-1 for 0.5 g mesoporous silica synthesized in IL.

  9. Mesoporous silica nanoparticle pretargeting for PET imaging based on a rapid bioorthogonal reaction in a living body.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Bong; Kim, Hye Lan; Jeong, Hwan-Jeong; Lim, Seok Tae; Sohn, Myung-Hee; Kim, Dong Wook

    2013-09-27

    Last-minute labeling: Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were modified with a very short half-life fluorine-18-labeled azide radiotracer by a cycloaddition reaction after the MSNs had reached the tumor site in mice. The tumor could then be visualized successfully with positron emission tomography.

  10. Visualizing the enhanced chemical reactivity of mesoporous ceria; simulating templated crystallization in silica scaffolds at the atomic level.

    PubMed

    Sayle, Thi X T; Sayle, Dean C

    2014-03-12

    Unique physical, chemical, and mechanical properties can be engineered into functional nanomaterials via structural control. However, as the hierarchical structural complexity of a nanomaterial increases, so do the challenges associated with generating atomistic models, which are sufficiently realistic that they can be interrogated to reliably predict properties and processes. The structural complexity of a functional nanomaterial necessarily emanates during synthesis. Accordingly, to capture such complexity, we have simulated each step in the synthetic protocol. Specifically, atomistic models of mesoporous ceria were generated by simulating the infusion and confined crystallization of ceria in a mesoporous silica scaffold. After removing the scaffold, the chemical reactivity of the templated mesoporous ceria was calculated and predicted to be more reactive compared to mesoporous ceria generated without template; visual "reactivity fingerprints" are presented. The strategy affords a general method for generating atomistic models, with hierarchical structural complexity, which can be used to predict a variety of properties and processes enabling the nanoscale design of functional materials.

  11. Dummy molecularly imprinted mesoporous silica prepared by hybrid imprinting method for solid-phase extraction of bisphenol A.

    PubMed

    Yu, Dan; Hu, Xiaolei; Wei, Shoutai; Wang, Qiang; He, Chiyang; Liu, Shaorong

    2015-05-29

    A novel hybrid dummy imprinting strategy was developed to prepare a mesoporous silica for the solid-phase extraction (SPE) of bisphenol A (BPA). A new covalent template-monomer complex (BPAF-Si) was first synthesized with 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane (BPAF) as the template. The imprinted silica was obtained through the gelation of BPAF-Si with tetraethoxysilane and the subsequent removal of template by thermal cleavage, and then it was characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. Results showed that the new silica had micron-level particle size and ordered mesoporous structure. The static binding test verified that the imprinted silica had much higher recognition ability for BPA than the non-imprinted silica. The imprinted silica also showed high extraction efficiencies and high enrichment factor for SPE of BPA. Using the imprinted silica, a SPE-HPLC-UV method was developed and successfully applied for detecting BPA in BPA-spiked tap water and lake water samples with a recovery of 99-105%, a RSD of 2.7-5.0% and a limit of detection (S/N=3) of 0.3ng/mL. The new imprinted silica avoided the interference of the residual template molecules and reduced the non-specific binding sites, and therefore it can be utilized as a good sorbent for SPE of BPA in environmental water samples.

  12. Protein-Containing Lipid Bilayers Intercalated with Size-Matched Mesoporous Silica Thin Films.

    PubMed

    Isaksson, Simon; Watkins, Erik B; Browning, Kathryn L; Kjellerup Lind, Tania; Cárdenas, Marité; Hedfalk, Kristina; Höök, Fredrik; Andersson, Martin

    2017-01-11

    Proteins are key components in a multitude of biological processes, of which the functions carried out by transmembrane (membrane-spanning) proteins are especially demanding for investigations. This is because this class of protein needs to be incorporated into a lipid bilayer representing its native environment, and in addition, many experimental conditions also require a solid support for stabilization and analytical purposes. The solid support substrate may, however, limit the protein functionality due to protein-material interactions and a lack of physical space. We have in this work tailored the pore size and pore ordering of a mesoporous silica thin film to match the native cell-membrane arrangement of the transmembrane protein human aquaporin 4 (hAQP4). Using neutron reflectivity (NR), we provide evidence of how substrate pores host the bulky water-soluble domain of hAQP4, which is shown to extend 7.2 nm into the pores of the substrate. Complementary surface analytical tools, including quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) and fluorescence microscopy, revealed successful protein-containing supported lipid bilayer (pSLB) formation on mesoporous silica substrates, whereas pSLB formation was hampered on nonporous silica. Additionally, electron microscopy (TEM and SEM), light scattering (DLS and stopped-flow), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) were employed to provide a comprehensive characterization of this novel hybrid organic-inorganic interface, the tailoring of which is likely to be generally applicable to improve the function and stability of a broad range of membrane proteins containing water-soluble domains.

  13. Sandwich-like mesoporous silica flakes for anticancer drug transport-Synthesis, characterization and kinetics release study.

    PubMed

    Mijowska, E; Cendrowski, K; Barylak, M; Konicki, W

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, we present the technology of synthesis, characterization and release kinetics of anticancer drug molecules from sandwich-like mesoporous silica nanoflakes. Mesoporous silica nanoflakes are a very attractive material due to their versatility, low cytotoxicity, large surface area, high pore volume and unique feature of containing parallel pores openon both sides. Nanosilica flakes were prepared through the formation of a mesoporous silica layer on a graphene oxide surface. After graphene oxide removal, the silica nanostructures were filled by an anticancer drug-methotrexate. Release kinetics studies were performed in different temperatures, imitating the conditions in living organisms. Release data was analyzed using the zero-order model, first-order model, Higuchi model and Korsmeyer-Peppas model. The optical properties of samples, and the kinetics of drug release from the nanostructure, were examined by UV-vis spectrophotometer. Data obtained from long term studies showed that the system can serve as an anticancer drug carrier system, since a significant amount of methotrexate was loaded to the material and released. The mechanism of MTX release from mesoporous silica nanoflakes appeared to be a parallel processes of diffusion through water-filled mesopores and degradation of the mSiO2 matrix. Physical and chemical characterization was undertaken by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray dispersion spectroscopy (EDX). The specific surface area of the samples was measured through the adsorption of N2 isotherm, interpreted with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller model (BET). TGA and UV-vis analyses were conducted in order to estimate the amount of the released drug.

  14. Multifunctional polymer-capped mesoporous silica nanoparticles for pH-responsive targeted drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niedermayer, Stefan; Weiss, Veronika; Herrmann, Annika; Schmidt, Alexandra; Datz, Stefan; Müller, Katharina; Wagner, Ernst; Bein, Thomas; Bräuchle, Christoph

    2015-04-01

    A highly stable modular platform, based on the sequential covalent attachment of different functionalities to the surface of core-shell mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for targeted drug delivery is presented. A reversible pH-responsive cap system based on covalently attached poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PVP) was developed as drug release mechanism. Our platform offers (i) tuneable interactions and release kinetics with the cargo drug in the mesopores based on chemically orthogonal core-shell design, (ii) an extremely robust and reversible closure and release mechanism based on endosomal acidification of the covalently attached PVP polymer block, (iii) high colloidal stability due to a covalently coupled PEG shell, and (iv) the ability to covalently attach a wide variety of dyes, targeting ligands and other functionalities at the outer periphery of the PEG shell. The functionality of the system was demonstrated in several cell studies, showing pH-triggered release in the endosome, light-triggered endosomal escape with an on-board photosensitizer, and efficient folic acid-based cell targeting.A highly stable modular platform, based on the sequential covalent attachment of different functionalities to the surface of core-shell mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for targeted drug delivery is presented. A reversible pH-responsive cap system based on covalently attached poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PVP) was developed as drug release mechanism. Our platform offers (i) tuneable interactions and release kinetics with the cargo drug in the mesopores based on chemically orthogonal core-shell design, (ii) an extremely robust and reversible closure and release mechanism based on endosomal acidification of the covalently attached PVP polymer block, (iii) high colloidal stability due to a covalently coupled PEG shell, and (iv) the ability to covalently attach a wide variety of dyes, targeting ligands and other functionalities at the outer periphery of the PEG shell. The

  15. Preparation of bio-compatible boron nanoparticles and novel mesoporous silica nanoparticles for bio-applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Zhe

    This dissertation presents the synthesis and characterization of several novel inorganic and hybrid nanoparticles, including the bio-compatible boron nanoparticles (BNPs) for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), tannic acid-templated mesoporous silica nanoparticles and degradable bridged silsesquioxane silica nanoparticles. Chapter 1 provides background information of BNCT and reviews the development of design and synthesizing silica nanoparticles and the study of silica material degradability. Chapter 2 describes the preparation and characterization of dopamine modified BNPs and the preliminary cell study of them. The BNPs were first produced via ball milling, with fatty acid on the surface to stabilize the combustible boron elements. This chapter will mainly focus on the ligand-exchange strategy, in which the fatty acids were replaced by non-toxic dopamines in a facile one-pot reaction. The dopamine-coated BNPs (DA-BNPs) revealed good water dispersibility and low cytotoxicity. Chapter 3 describes the synthesis of tannic acid template mesoporous silica nanoparticles (TA-TEOS SiNPs) and their application to immobilize proteins. The monodispersed TA SiNPs with uniform pore size up to approximately 13 nm were produced by utilizing tannic acid as a molecular template. We studied the influence of TA concentration and reaction time on the morphology and pore size of the particles. Furthermore, the TA-TEOS particles could subsequently be modified with amine groups allowing them to be capable of incorporating imaging ligands and other guest molecules. The ability of the TA-TEOS particles to store biomolecules was preliminarily assessed with three proteins of different charge characteristics and dimensions. The immobilization of malic dehydrogenase on TA-TEOS enhanced the stability of the enzyme at room temperature. Chapter 4 details the synthesis of several bridged silsesquioxanes and the preparation of degradable hybrid SiNPs via co-condensation of bridged

  16. A general method for growing large area mesoporous silica thin films on flat substrates with perpendicular nanochannels.

    PubMed

    Kao, Kun-Che; Lin, Cheng-Han; Chen, Tzu-Ying; Liu, Yi-Hsin; Mou, Chung-Yuan

    2015-03-25

    Here we introduce a new synthetic approach to grow mesoporous silica thin films with vertical mesochannels on centimeter-sized substrates via an oil-induced co-assembly process. Adding an oil, i.e., decane, into a CTAB-EtOH-TEOS ammonia solution leads to thin-film formation of mesoporous silica of controlled thickness between 20 and 100 nm with vertical mesochannels on various surfaces. The vertical mesoporous channels were evidenced by grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterizations. Decane played two roles: (a) as a pore expansion agent (up to 5.7 ± 0.5 nm) and (b) inducing vertically oriented hexagonal mesophases of micelle-silica composite. The production of periodic and vertical nanochannels is very robust, over many different substrate surfaces (from silicon to polystyrene), various silica precursors (TEOS, fumed silica, or zeolite seed), and many oils (decane, petroleum ether, or ethyl acetate). This wide robustness in the formation of vertical nanophases is attributed to a unique mechanism of confined synthesis of surfactant-silicate between two identical thin layers of oils on a substrate.

  17. Fabrication of Ordered Mesoporous Silica with Encapsulated Iron Oxide Particles using Ferritin-Doped Block Copolymer Templates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hess, D.; Watkins, J.; Naik, R.

    2006-03-01

    Recently, two-dimensional arrays of iron oxide clusters were fabricated by dip-coating a silica substrate into an aqueous solution. Here we report the encapsulation of ferritin in 3D mesoporous silica structures by the replication of block copolymer templates in supercritical CO2. In our approach, preparation of the highly ordered, doped template via spincasting and microphase separation and silica network formation occur in discreet steps. A solution of an amphiphilic PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymer (Pluronic) template, horse spleen ferritin and a low concentration of PTSA acid was prepared and spin-coated onto a Si wafer. Upon drying the block copolymer microphase separates resulting in partitioning of the acid catalyst and ferritin to the hydrophilic domain. The polymer template was then exposed to a solution of supercritical carbon dioxide and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) at 125 bar and 40^oC. Equilibrium limited CO2 sorption in the block copolymer template resulted in modest dialation of the microphase segregated structure. Under these conditions, the precursor was readily infused into the copolymer and reacted within the hydrophilic domain containing the acid catalyst. The resultant film was calcined in air at 400^oC for 6 hours producing a well-ordered iron oxide-doped mesoporous silica film. TEM and XRD revealed crystalline iron oxide structures within the mesoporous silica supports. Magnetic properties were analyzed using a superconducting quantum intereference device (SQUID).

  18. Development and application of multi-functionalized mesoporous silica nanomaterials in intracellular drug delivery and heterogeneous catalysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Chih-Hsiang

    This dissertation presents research on the development of mesoporous silica nanomaterials and their applications on the fields of drug delivery system and heterogeneous catalysis. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) featuring several particular physicochemical properties are of great interest in material science and applied chemistry. With high biocompatibility and large pore size, MSNs have been regarded as a highly promising platform for intracellular controlled release of drugs and biomolecules. On the other hand, the robust silica framework and easy surface functionalization make MSNs decent solid supports for various types of heterogeneous catalysis. A newly developed surfactant-assistant drug delivery system is investigated. A series of biocompatible phosphate monoester surfactant (PMES) containing PMES-MSN were synthesized and well characterized. The formation mechanism of these special radially-aligned mesostructure was systematic studied by TEM technique and carbon nanocasting. We found that the particle size and shape as well as the structural integrity can be tuned by the ratio of aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) and PMES. For biological application, the controlled release of the hydrophobic drug, resveratrol, was tested both in solution and in vitro. It showed that the surfactant-containing PMES-MSNs has a loading capacity around 4 times higher than its surfactant-free counterpart. In addition, a sustained release pattern was observed in the PMES-MSNs release system, indicating the feature of surfactant-assistance. The in vitro study in HeLa cells demonstrated that PMES-MSNs can be efficiently endocytosed. We also observed an endosomal escape of PMES-MSNs within the HeLa cells probably due to proton sponge effect and the assistance of PMES. A series of bifunctionalized MSN catalysts with diarylammonium triflate groups (DAT) as active acid sites and pentafluorophenyl groups (PFP) as secondary functional groups for the catalysis of esterification

  19. Drug delivery formulations of ordered and nonordered mesoporous silica: comparison of three drug loading methods.

    PubMed

    Limnell, Tarja; Santos, Hélder A; Mäkilä, Ermei; Heikkilä, Teemu; Salonen, Jarno; Murzin, Dmitry Yu; Kumar, Narendra; Laaksonen, Timo; Peltonen, Leena; Hirvonen, Jouni

    2011-08-01

    A poorly soluble model drug, indomethacin (IMC), was loaded into two types of silica particles using three different loading methods. The loading efficiency and the extent/rate of drug release were evaluated. Widely used equipment in pharmaceutical laboratories, rotavapor and fluid bed, were used in the loading. The porous materials used were ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41 and nonordered silica gel Syloid 244 FP EU. The materials differ both in their pore properties and particle sizes. Tablets were successfully compressed from the IMC-loaded particles. Mechanical stability of the porous structures was studied with XRPD and nitrogen sorption after tableting and drug release was evaluated at pH 5.5 before and after tableting. The release of the poorly soluble IMC was faster from the Syloid than from the MCM-41, presumably due to the larger pore size and smaller particle size. Loading of IMC into the MCM-41 microparticles improved the drug dissolution, and blending the microparticles with pharmaceutical excipients improved the IMC release even further. The fast release was also maintained after tableting. Loading of IMC into the Syloid particles alone was sufficient to produce similar IMC release profiles, as in the case of MCM-41 with the excipients.

  20. Fabrication of dendrimer porogen-capsulated mesoporous silica via sol-gel process of silatrane precursor.

    PubMed

    Tanglumlert, Walairat; Wongkasemjit, Sujitra; Imae, Toyoko

    2009-03-01

    Mesoporous silica materials with ordered structures were prepared from a silatrane precursor and a poly(amido amine) dendrimer porogen under the dilute acidic condition via the sol-gel process. With decreasing the concentration of the dendrimer and adding much water, the production of undesirable amorphous silica was diminished and spherical particles with smooth surface became in majority. Two kinds of crystal arrays were found to be produced in the silica particles. Although pore diameters were within sizes of shrank and extended dendrimers, center-to-center distance of template pores was different each other for two arrays, and the difference was close to a molecular length of silatrane. These results indicate that one molecule of silatrane constructed polysiloxane wall in the first array and origomeric silatranes formed wall in the second array. It was referred that the intrinsic (hydrogen bonding) character of hydroxyl groups in the hydrolyzed silatrane resulted in hydrogen bonded oligomers and reinforced the hydrogen bonding interaction with dendrimer porogen as well as electrostatic interaction, giving rise to two types of template arrays.

  1. A molecular dynamics simulations study on ethylene glycol-water mixtures in mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmitz, Rebecca; Müller, Niels; Ullmann, Svenja; Vogel, Michael

    2016-09-01

    We perform molecular dynamics simulations to investigate structural and dynamical properties of ethylene glycol-water (EG-WA) mixtures in mesoporous silica. To obtain comprehensive insights into the dependence of liquid behaviors on the confinement features, we exploit that straightforward modification of the force field parameters allows us to vary the properties of the hydrogen-bond network of the confined liquid, we alter the polarity of the silica surface, and we consider amorphous as well as crystalline matrices. It is observed that the confinement induces a micro-phase separation in the liquid, which qualitatively depends on the properties of both liquid and matrix so that EG or WA molecules may be preferentially adsorbed at the silica surface. Furthermore, it is found that the confinement strongly affects the liquid dynamics. Largely independent of the polarity and structure of the matrix, structural relaxation is about a factor of 104 slower at the pore wall than in the pore center. Moreover, the non-Arrhenius temperature dependence of the bulk mixture turns into an Arrhenius behavior of the confined mixture so that the spatial restriction can slow down or speed up the structural relaxation, depending on temperature.

  2. Immune response to functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Heidegger, Simon; Gössl, Dorothée; Schmidt, Alexandra; Niedermayer, Stefan; Argyo, Christian; Endres, Stefan; Bein, Thomas; Bourquin, Carole

    2016-01-14

    Multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have attracted substantial attention with regard to their high potential for targeted drug delivery. For future clinical applications it is crucial to address safety concerns and understand the potential immunotoxicity of these nanoparticles. In this study, we assess the biocompatibility and functionality of multifunctional MSN in freshly isolated, primary murine immune cells. We show that the functionalized silica nanoparticles are rapidly and efficiently taken up into the endosomal compartment by specialized antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells. The silica nanoparticles showed a favorable toxicity profile and did not affect the viability of primary immune cells from the spleen in relevant concentrations. Cargo-free MSN induced only very low immune responses in primary cells as determined by surface expression of activation markers and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as Interleukin-6, -12 and -1β. In contrast, when surface-functionalized MSN with a pH-responsive polymer capping were loaded with an immune-activating drug, the synthetic Toll-like receptor 7 agonist R848, a strong immune response was provoked. We thus demonstrate that MSN represent an efficient drug delivery vehicle to primary immune cells that is both non-toxic and non-inflammagenic, which is a prerequisite for the use of these particles in biomedical applications.

  3. Theoretical and experimental study of isothiazolinone adsorption onto ordered mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mardones, Lucas E.; Legnoverde, María Soledad; Simonetti, Sandra; Basaldella, Elena I.

    2016-12-01

    Mesoporous silica SBA-15 particles were synthesized in order to evaluate their effectiveness as encapsulating agents for a commercial biocide composed of a mixture of methylisothiazolinone and chloromethylisothiazolinone (MIT/CMIT). Three powdered samples of silica particles having different textural properties, sizes and morphologies were hydrothermally obtained and then characterized by SEM, TEM, SAXS, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements. Adsorption of the biocide on the prepared materials was investigated, and the results showed that adsorption capacities increase as the particle size becomes smaller. Higher biocide amounts were also retained on particles having increased pore size and pore volume. Additionally, a most probable interaction mechanism between MIT/CMIT and SBA-15 is proposed on the basis of molecular modeling calculations. The theoretical approach indicates that two adsorption geometries with comparable minimum levels of strength can be adopted by the biocide: planar adsorption when the biocide molecule rings are adsorbed on the silica surface and vertical adsorption when the O atom of the MIT/CMIT interacts with the H atom of silanols.

  4. Study of interface interactions in ZnO/Mesoporous silica nanocomposite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy A, R. C.; Babu K, Sowri; Ch, Sujatha; Reddy K, V. G.

    2012-02-01

    The Photoluminescence (PL) properties of ZnO/Mesoporous silica (MPS) nanocomposite annealed under different temperatures were studied. A broad PL band at 395 nm has been observed in all samples and analysis was made by using Gaussian fitting. As the temperature increased, emission bands were blue shifted and the relative intensity ratio of the oxygen vacancies at ZnO-SiO2 interface to the oxygen vacancies in inner ZnO crystallites was increased. The emission peaks at 363 nm and 384 nm are attributed to the near band edge emission (NBE) and to the phonon replica emission. At 550C the exciton confinement effect disappears due to the large amount of surface effects. The influence of porosity of host media on Si-O-Zn cross linking bonds was also investigated. ZnO nanoparticles were loaded into nanocrystalline silica (NCS) and silica gel (SG). The surface area increases monotonously from NCS to MPS through SG. Si-O-Zn cross linking bonds were almost absent in the sample prepared with NCS. It exhibits NBE emission at 360 nm which was found to be absent in other samples prepared with SG and MPS. It was also found that the emission intensity of the samples decreases with aging. This is due to diffusion of oxygen atoms from the atmosphere to interior of the sample.

  5. Preparation of the narrow size distribution USPIO in mesoporous silica for magnetic field guided drug delivery and release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zapotoczny, B.; Guskos, N.; Kozioł, J. J.; Dudek, M. R.

    2015-01-01

    Ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxides (USPIO) with an average diameter of 2 nm were synthesized in mesoporous silica using the method of co-precipitation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in aqueous solution directly in the silica nanopores. Two types of the silica material, hexagonal phase MCM-41 and mesoporous silica spheres (MSS), were used. The resulting magnetically modified silica samples show high-quality superparamagnetic properties which persist also at low temperatures near 2 K. Their magnetization saturation in an applied external magnetic field exceeds 15 emu/g. The magnetically modified silica samples were studied with the help of the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), SQUID-magnetometry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and TEM/EDX microscopy. The studies were complemented by confirming the possibility of drug release by the modified silica samples where the standard fluorescent dye was used as an example. The prepared material is suggested to be considered for magnetic field guided drug delivery and release.

  6. Mesoporous Silica Supported Pd-MnOx Catalysts with Excellent Catalytic Activity in Room-Temperature Formic Acid Decomposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Min-Ho; Oh, Duckkyu; Park, Ju-Hyoung; Lee, Chun-Boo; Lee, Sung-Wook; Park, Jong-Soo; Lee, Kwan-Young; Lee, Dong-Wook

    2016-09-01

    For the application of formic acid as a liquid organic hydrogen carrier, development of efficient catalysts for dehydrogenation of formic acid is a challenging topic, and most studies have so far focused on the composition of metals and supports, the size effect of metal nanoparticles, and surface chemistry of supports. Another influential factor is highly desired to overcome the current limitation of heterogeneous catalysis for formic acid decomposition. Here, we first investigated the effect of support pore structure on formic acid decomposition performance at room temperature by using mesoporous silica materials with different pore structures such as KIE-6, MCM-41, and SBA-15, and achieved the excellent catalytic activity (TOF: 593 h‑1) by only controlling the pore structure of mesoporous silica supports. In addition, we demonstrated that 3D interconnected pore structure of mesoporous silica supports is more favorable to the mass transfer than 2D cylindrical mesopore structure, and the better mass transfer provides higher catalytic activity in formic acid decomposition. If the pore morphology of catalytic supports such as 3D wormhole or 2D cylinder is identical, large pore size combined with high pore volume is a crucial factor to achieve high catalytic performance.

  7. Mesoporous Silica Supported Pd-MnOx Catalysts with Excellent Catalytic Activity in Room-Temperature Formic Acid Decomposition

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Min-Ho; Oh, Duckkyu; Park, Ju-Hyoung; Lee, Chun-Boo; Lee, Sung-Wook; Park, Jong-Soo; Lee, Kwan-Young; Lee, Dong-Wook

    2016-01-01

    For the application of formic acid as a liquid organic hydrogen carrier, development of efficient catalysts for dehydrogenation of formic acid is a challenging topic, and most studies have so far focused on the composition of metals and supports, the size effect of metal nanoparticles, and surface chemistry of supports. Another influential factor is highly desired to overcome the current limitation of heterogeneous catalysis for formic acid decomposition. Here, we first investigated the effect of support pore structure on formic acid decomposition performance at room temperature by using mesoporous silica materials with different pore structures such as KIE-6, MCM-41, and SBA-15, and achieved the excellent catalytic activity (TOF: 593 h−1) by only controlling the pore structure of mesoporous silica supports. In addition, we demonstrated that 3D interconnected pore structure of mesoporous silica supports is more favorable to the mass transfer than 2D cylindrical mesopore structure, and the better mass transfer provides higher catalytic activity in formic acid decomposition. If the pore morphology of catalytic supports such as 3D wormhole or 2D cylinder is identical, large pore size combined with high pore volume is a crucial factor to achieve high catalytic performance. PMID:27666280

  8. On the role of the colloidal stability of mesoporous silica nanoparticles as gene delivery vectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cebrián, Virginia; Yagüe, Clara; Arruebo, Manuel; Martín-Saavedra, Francisco M.; Santamaría, Jesus; Vilaboa, Nuria

    2011-09-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have been synthesized and functionalized with four different types of molecules containing amino groups, i.e., with primary amines only, with quaternary amines, with quaternized cyclic amines, or with polyethylenimine (PEI), which is formed by primary, secondary, and tertiary amines. These nanoparticles were then incubated with reporter plasmids and the ability of the resulting complexes to transfect human cells was studied. Only nanoparticles functionalized with PEI were efficient for transfection. The agglomeration behavior and the electrokinetic potential of the nanoparticle-plasmid complexes have been studied, as well as their cell internalization behavior using a fluorescent-labeled plasmid that allows its monitorization by confocal microscopy. The results indicate that the efficiency of PEI-functionalized nanoparticles for transfection resides to some extent in the different characteristics imparted to the nanoparticles regarding agglomeration and surface charge behavior.

  9. MRI-visualized, dual-targeting, combined tumor therapy using magnetic graphene-based mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yi; Huang, Rongqin; Liang, Guohai; Zhang, Zhengyong; Zhang, Peng; Yu, Shaoning; Kong, Jilie

    2014-01-15

    Targeting peptide-modified magnetic graphene-based mesoporous silica (MGMSPI) are synthesized, characterized, and developed as a multifunctional theranostic platform. This system exhibits many merits, such as biocompatibility, high near-infrared photothermal heating, facile magnetic separation, large T2 relaxation rates (r2), and a high doxorubicin (DOX) loading capacity. In vitro and in vivo results demonstrate that DOX-loaded MGMSPI (MGMSPID) can integrate magnetic resonance imaging, dual-targeting recognition (magnetic targeting and receptor-mediated active targeting), and chemo-photothermal therapy into a single system for a visualized-synergistic therapy of glioma. In addition, it is observed that the MGMSPID system has heat-stimulated, pH-responsive, sustained release properties. All of these characteristics would provide a robust multifunctional theranostic platform for visualized glioma therapy.

  10. Evaluation of mesoporous cyclodextrin-silica nanocomposites for the removal of pesticides from aqueous media.

    PubMed

    Sawicki, Richard; Mercier, Louis

    2006-03-15

    The treatment of aqueous solutions containing various pesticides by cyclodextrin-functionalized mesoporous silica adsorbents was investigated. The pesticides studied belonged to three chemical structure classes: hexachlorocyclohexane-based, hexachlorobicycloheptene-based, and p,p' substituted biphenyl-based pesticides. The solutions studied contained a mass concentration with respect to each pesticide in the range of 0.060-0.270 microg/mL, values that are consistentwith the low levels typically encountered in environmental samples. Adsorbents containing low to intermediate amounts of cyclodextrin groups were found to have optimal adsorption affinity toward the pesticides. The materials were particularly specific toward p,p'substituted diphenyl-based pesticides such as DDT and DDE.

  11. Pore shape and sorption behaviour in mesoporous ordered silica films1

    PubMed Central

    Fritz-Popovski, Gerhard; Morak, Roland; Sharifi, Parvin; Amenitsch, Heinz; Paris, Oskar

    2016-01-01

    Mesoporous silica films templated by pluronic P123 were prepared using spin and dip coating. The ordered cylindrical structure within the films deforms due to shrinkage during calcination. Grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) measurements reveal that both the unit cell and the cross section of the pores decrease in size, mainly normal to the surface of the substrate, leading to elliptical cross sections of the pores with axis ratios of about 1:2. Water take-up by the pores upon changing the relative humidity can be monitored quantitatively by the shift in the critical angle of X-ray reflection as seen by the Yoneda peak. PMID:27738418

  12. Cellular Endocytosis and Trafficking of Cholera Toxin B-Modified Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Walker, William A.; Tarannum, Mubin; Vivero-Escoto, Juan L.

    2016-01-01

    In this study, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were functionalized with Cholera toxin subunit B (CTxB) protein to influence their intracellular trafficking pathways. The CTxB-MSN carrier was synthesized, and its chemical and structural properties were characterized. Endocytic pathway inhibition assays showed that the uptake of CTxB-MSNs in human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells was partially facilitated by both chlatrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis mechanisms. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) experiments demonstrated that CTxB-MSNs were taken up by the cells and partially trafficked through the trans-Golgi network into to the endoplasmic reticulum in a retrograde fashion. The delivery abilities of CTxB-MSNs were evaluated using propidium iodide, an impermeable cell membrane dye. LSCM images depicted the release of propidium iodide in the endoplasmic reticulum and cell nucleus of HeLa cells. PMID:27134749

  13. Modified release from lipid bilayer coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles using PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymers.

    PubMed

    Rahman, Masoud; Yu, Erick; Forman, Evan; Roberson-Mailloux, Cameron; Tung, Jonathan; Tringe, Joseph; Stroeve, Pieter

    2014-10-01

    Triblock copolymers comprised of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO, or trade name Pluronic) interact with lipid bilayers to increase their permeability. Here we demonstrate a novel application of Pluronic L61 and L64 as modification agents in tailoring the release rate of a molecular indicator species from 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayer-coated superparamagnetic Fe3O4/mesoporous silica core-shell nanoparticles. We show there is a direct relationship between the Pluronics' concentration and the indicator molecule release, suggesting Pluronics may be useful for the controlled release of drugs from lipid bilayer-coated carriers.

  14. Plasmon-modulated light scattering from gold nanocrystal-decorated hollow mesoporous silica microspheres.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Manda; Chen, Huanjun; Ming, Tian; Shao, Lei; Wang, Jianfang

    2010-11-23

    Localized surface plasmon resonances of noble metal nanocrystals are powerful in enhancing a variety of linear and nonlinear optical signals and photorelated processes. Here we demonstrate the plasmonic enhancement of the light scattering from hollow mesoporous silica microspheres by attaching a dense layer of gold nanocrystals onto the outer surface of the microspheres. The attachment of gold nanocrystals induces both the shift and intensity increase in the resonant scattering peaks of the microspheres. The spectral region of the resonant scattering enhancement can be controlled by using gold nanocrystals with different plasmon resonance wavelengths. The spectral region of the enhancement is independent of the microsphere diameter. The scattering enhancement factor ranges from 20 to 130, depending on the plasmonic properties and surface coverage of the attached gold nanocrystals. The systematic evolution of the scattering spectra of the individual microspheres is also revealed by chemically etching away the attached gold nanocrystals gradually.

  15. Interaction of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with human red blood cell membranes: size and surface effects.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Yannan; Sun, Xiaoxing; Zhang, Guannan; Trewyn, Brian G; Slowing, Igor I; Lin, Victor S-Y

    2011-02-22

    The interactions of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) of different particle sizes and surface properties with human red blood cell (RBC) membranes were investigated by membrane filtration, flow cytometry, and various microscopic techniques. Small MCM-41-type MSNs (∼100 nm) were found to adsorb to the surface of RBCs without disturbing the membrane or morphology. In contrast, adsorption of large SBA-15-type MSNs (∼600 nm) to RBCs induced a strong local membrane deformation leading to spiculation of RBCs, internalization of the particles, and eventual hemolysis. In addition, the relationship between the degree of MSN surface functionalization and the degree of its interaction with RBC, as well as the effect of RBC-MSN interaction on cellular deformability, were investigated. The results presented here provide a better understanding of the mechanisms of RBC-MSN interaction and the hemolytic activity of MSNs and will assist in the rational design of hemocompatible MSNs for intravenous drug delivery and in vivo imaging.

  16. Protection of folic acid through encapsulation in mesoporous silica particles included in fruit juices.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Rico, María; Pérez-Esteve, Édgar; Lerma-García, María J; Marcos, María D; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Barat, José M

    2017-03-01

    Folic acid (FA) is a synthetic vitamin commonly used for food fortification. However, its vulnerability to processing and storage implies loss of efficiency, which would induce over-fortification by processors to obtain a minimum dose upon consumption. Recent studies have indicated potential adverse effects of FA overdoses, and FA protection during processing and storage could lead to more accurate fortification. In addition, sustained vitamin release after consumption would help improve its metabolism. The objective of this work was to study controlled FA delivery and stability in fruit juices to reduce potential over-fortification risks by using gated mesoporous silica particles (MSPs). The obtained results indicated that FA encapsulation in MSPs significantly improved its stability and contributed to controlled release after consumption by modifying vitamin bioaccessibility. These results confirmed the suitability of MSPs as support for controlled release and protection of bioactive molecules in food matrices in different food production and storage stages.

  17. Derivatized mesoporous silica beads for MALDI-TOF MS profiling of human plasma and urine.

    PubMed

    Terracciano, Rosa; Pasqua, Luigi; Casadonte, Francesca; Frascà, Stella; Preianò, Mariaimmacolata; Falcone, Daniela; Savino, Rocco

    2009-05-20

    Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a promising tool for large-scale screening of body fluids for the early detection of human diseases. Proteins, peptides, and metabolites present in cells, tissues, or in body fluids constitute the molecular signatures of individuals. The design and generation of material-based platforms for capturing molecular signatures from body fluids has gained increasing interest in recent years. Highly selective materials are attractive candidates for a wide range of applications in biofluid proteomics. We have therefore developed a procedure based on mesoporous silica particles for the selective binding and enrichment of low molecular weight plasma/serum proteins by MALDI MS analysis ( Terracciano, R., Gaspari, M., Testa, F., Pasqua, L., Cuda G., Tagliaferri, P., Cheng, M. C., Nijdam, A. J., Petricoin, E. F., Liotta, L. A., Ferrari, M., and Venuta, S. ( 2006 ) Selective binding and enrichment for low-molecular weight biomarker molecules in human plasma after exposure to nanoporous silica particles . Proteomics 6, 3243-3250 ). Mesoporous silica beads (MSB) are able to harvest peptides from plasma and serum by means of nanosized porous channels with high surface area, while excluding large size proteins. Moreover, the absorption properties can be modified since the pore walls can be functionalized with different chemical species due to the high concentration of silanol groups at the surface. In this study, we performed derivatization of MSB with different functionalities, and we evaluated the derivatized materials for plasma and urine peptidomic profiling. Aminopropyl, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl, and N,N,N' tris-carboxymethyl ethylene diamine, have been introduced onto the mesoporous silica surfaces in order to modulate selective peptide enrichment. We also explored various experimental conditions in order to optimize the performance of chemically modified MSB in the peptide

  18. Electrical stimuli to increase cell proliferation on carbon nanotubes/mesoporous silica composites for drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Vila, M; Cicuéndez, M; Sánchez-Marcos, J; Fal-Miyar, V; Manzano, M; Prieto, C; Vallet-Regi, M

    2013-01-01

    The development of smart materials as bone implants is nowadays a challenging task to optimize their fast osteointegration. Nevertheless, no attempts have been done in joining the possibility of using electrical stimulation and drug delivery together in a material intended for bone tissue engineering. Moreover, the use of this synergy to induce bone healing is still limited until novel drug reservoirs material formulations allow an efficient applicability of the electrical stimuli. Herein, we present the biological response of osteoblasts cells, cultured over carbon nanotubes-mesoporous silica composites while exposed to external electrical stimulus. Moreover, its ability to function as drug delivery systems is also demonstrated. Bone cell metabolism was stimulated and mitochondrial activity was increased up to seven times in the presence of these composites under electrical stimulus, suggesting their potential application in bone regeneration processes.

  19. [Preparation and stability of β-carotene loaded using mesoporous silica nanoparticles as carriers system].

    PubMed

    Liu, Jing; Ren, Zhi-hui; Wang, Hai-yuan; Jin, Xing-hua

    2015-09-01

    1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-TMB) was used as the pore-enlarging modifier to expand the pore size of MCM-41 (mobil company of matter) mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The solvent impregnation method was adopted to assemble non-water-soluble β-carotene into the pore channel of MCM-41. The MCM-41 and drug assemblies were characterized by TEM, FT-IR, elemental analysis and N2 adsorption-desorption. The results showed that MCM-41 has good sphericity and regular pore structure. The research also investigated the optimal loading time, the drug loading and the vitro stability of the β-carotene. As a drug carrier, the modified MCM-41 showing a shorter drug loading time, the drug loading as high as 85.58% and the stability of β-carotene in drug assemblies has improved. The study of this new formulation provides a new way for β-carotene application.

  20. Catalytic performance of subtilisin immobilized without covalently attachment on surface-functionalized mesoporous silica materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murai, K.; Nonoyama, T.; Ando, F.; Kato, K.

    2011-10-01

    Mesoporous silica (MPS) materials were synthesized using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide or amphiphilic pluronic polymer P123 (EO20PO70EO20) as structure-directing agent. MPS samples were characterized by FE-SEM and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, respectively. Subtilisin from Bacillus licheiformis (4.1 × 7.8 × 3.7 nm) was easily immobilized by a direct one-step immobilization process onto MPS with different organo-functinalized surfaces. However, enzyme immobilized on MPS modified with 3-mercaptopropyl group strongly reduced its enantioselectivity. Denaturation temperature of immobilized subtilisin shifted to a high temperature compared to free-enzyme. These biocatalysts on MPS particles retained about 30% of original activity even after 5 cycles of recycle use.

  1. Mesoporous silica-encapsulated gold nanoparticles as artificial enzymes for self-activated cascade catalysis.

    PubMed

    Lin, Youhui; Li, Zhenhua; Chen, Zhaowei; Ren, Jinsong; Qu, Xiaogang

    2013-04-01

    A significant challenge in chemistry is to create synthetic structures that mimic the complexity and function of natural systems. Here, a self-activated, enzyme-mimetic catalytic cascade has been realized by utilizing expanded mesoporous silica-encapsulated gold nanoparticles (EMSN-AuNPs) as both glucose oxidase- and peroxidase-like artificial enzymes. Specifically, EMSN helps the formation of a high degree of very small and well-dispersed AuNPs, which exhibit an extraordinarily stability and dual enzyme-like activities. Inspired by these unique and attractive properties, we further piece them together into a self-organized artificial cascade reaction, which is usually completed by the oxidase-peroxidase coupled enzyme system. Our finding may pave the way to use matrix as the structural component for the design and development of biomimetic catalysts and to apply enzyme mimics for realizing higher functions.

  2. N-doped mesoporous carbons supported palladium catalysts prepared from chitosan/silica/palladium gel beads.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Minfeng; Wang, Yudong; Liu, Qi; Yuan, Xia; Feng, Ruokun; Yang, Zhen; Qi, Chenze

    2016-08-01

    In this study, a heterogeneous catalyst including palladium nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon (Pd@N-C) is synthesized from palladium salts as palladium precursor, colloidal silica as template, and chitosan as carbon source. N2 sorption isotherm results show that the prepared Pd@N-C had a high BET surface area (640m(2)g(-1)) with large porosity. The prepared Pd@N-C is high nitrogen-rich as characterized with element analysis. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and Raman spectroscopy characterization of the catalyst shows that the palladium species with different chemical states are well dispersed on the nitrogen-containing mesoporous carbon. The Pd@N-C is high active and shows excellent stability as applied in Heck coupling reactions. This work supplies a successful method to prepare Pd heterogeneous catalysts with high performance from bulk biopolymer/Pd to high porous nitrogen-doped carbon supported palladium catalytic materials.

  3. Preparation of mesoporous silica thin films by photocalcination method and their adsorption abilities for various proteins.

    PubMed

    Kato, Katsuya; Nakamura, Hitomi; Yamauchi, Yoshihiro; Nakanishi, Kazuma; Tomita, Masahiro

    2014-07-01

    Mesoporous silica (MPS) thin film biosensor platforms were established. MPS thin films were prepared from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) via using sol-gel and spin-coating methods using a poly-(ethylene oxide)-block-poly-(propylene oxide)-block-poly-(ethylene oxide) triblock polymer, such as P123 ((EO)20(PO)70(EO)20) or F127 ((EO)106(PO)70(EO)106), as the structure-directing agent. The MPS thin film prepared using P123 as the mesoporous template and treated via vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) irradiation to remove the triblock copolymer had a more uniform pore array than that of the corresponding film prepared via thermal treatment. Protein adsorption and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on the synthesized MPS thin films were also investigated. VUV-irradiated MPS thin films adsorbed a smaller quantity of protein A than the thermally treated films; however, the human immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding efficiency was higher on the former. In addition, protein A-IgG specific binding on MPS thin films was achieved without using a blocking reagent; i.e., nonspecific adsorption was inhibited by the uniform pore arrays of the films. Furthermore, VUV-irradiated MPS thin films exhibited high sensitivity for ELISA testing, and cytochrome c adsorbed on the MPS thin films exhibited high catalytic activity and recyclability. These results suggest that MPS thin films are attractive platforms for the development of novel biosensors.

  4. Enzyme responsive drug delivery system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles for tumor therapy in vivo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yun; Ding, Xingwei; Li, Jinghua; Luo, Zhong; Hu, Yan; Liu, Junjie; Dai, Liangliang; Zhou, Jun; Hou, Changjun; Cai, Kaiyong

    2015-04-01

    To reduce the toxic side effects of traditional chemotherapeutics in vivo, we designed and constructed a biocompatible, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) responsive drug delivery system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). MMPs substrate peptide containing PLGLAR (sensitive to MMPs) was immobilized onto the surfaces of amino-functionalized MSNs via an amidation reaction, serving as MMPs sensitive intermediate linker. Bovine serum albumin was then covalently coupled to linker as end-cap for sealing the mesopores of MSNs. Lactobionic acid was further conjugated to the system as targeting motif. Doxorubicin hydrochloride was used as the model anticancer drug in this study. A series of characterizations revealed that the system was successfully constructed. The peptide-functionalized MSNs system demonstrated relatively high sensitivity to MMPs for triggering drug delivery, which was potentially important for tumor therapy since the tumor’s microenvironment overexpressed MMPs in nature. The in vivo experiments proved that the system could efficiently inhibit the tumor growth with minimal side effects. This study provides an approach for the development of the next generation of nanotherapeutics toward efficient cancer treatment.

  5. The synthesis and application involving regulation of the insoluble drug release from mesoporous silica nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jia; Wang, Yan; Zheng, Xin; Zhang, Ying; Sun, Changshan; Gao, Yikun; Jiang, Tongying; Wang, Siling

    2015-03-01

    Mesoporous silica nanotubes (SNT) were synthesized using hard template carbon nanotubes (CNT) with the aid of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) in a method, which was simple and inexpensive. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and specific surface area analysis were employed to characterize the morphology and structure of SNT, and the formation mechanism of SNT was also examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. There are few published reports of the mesoporous SNT with large specific surface area applied in the drug delivery systems to improve the amount of drug loading. In addition, the structure of SNT allows investigators to control the drug particle size in the pore channels and significantly increase the drug dissolution rate. The insoluble drug, cilostazol, was chosen as a model drug to be loaded into SNT and we developed a simple and efficient method for regulating the drug release by using a gelatin coating with different thicknesses around the SNT. The release rate was adjusted by the amount of gelatin surrounding the SNT, with an increased barrier leading to a reduction in the release rate. A model developed on the basis of the Weibull modulus was established to fit the release results.

  6. Nonionic fluorinated-hydrogenated surfactants for the design of mesoporous silica materials.

    PubMed

    Michaux, F; Blin, J L; Stébé, M J

    2008-09-25

    We have investigated the influence of the ratio between the volume of the hydrophilic head (VA) and the volume of the hydrophobic part (VB) of the surfactant on the mesopore ordering. To understand the difference of behavior we have performed a complete study dealing with fluorinated [Rm(F)(EO)n] and hydrogenated [Rm(H)(EO)n] surfactants. Their mixtures have also been taken into account. Here only the phase diagrams and the structural parameters of the liquid crystal phases of the mixed systems are reported. We have shown that the mutual or partial miscibility of the fluorinated and the hydrogenated surfactants depends on the number of oxyethylene units of each surfactant. To follow, various systems were used for the preparation of silica mesoporous materials via a cooperative templating mechanism (CTM). Results clearly reveal that VA/VB ratios in the range between 0.95 and 1.78 lead to the formation of well-ordered mesostructures. Wormhole-like structures are obtained for higher or lower values. Moreover, results show that from the VA/VB point of view, polyoxyethylene fluoroalkyl ether surfactants behave like their hydrogenated analogues.

  7. Promoting immobilization and catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase on mesoporous silica through template micelles.

    PubMed

    Wan, Mi Mi; Lin, Wei Gang; Gao, Ling; Gu, Hui Cheng; Zhu, Jian Hua

    2012-07-01

    New concept on the promotion of immobilization and catalytic activity of enzyme on mesoporous silica through template micelles is proposed and realized in this paper. Proper P123 templates are controllable retained in the as-synthesized SBA-15, not only to anchor the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) guest, but also to establish the crowding-like microenvironment around the enzyme. The influence of retaining templates on the pore structure of SBA-15, immobilization, and catalytic activity of HRP is studied, and the possible process of template removal is proposed. Ethanol refluxing of 6 h is conformable to prepare the optimal mesoporous support characterized with the retained templates of about 8%. With the assistance of retained templates in SBA-15, up to 49 mg g(-1) of HRP can be immobilized, 100% more than that on calcined SBA-15. Furthermore, the thermal stability, the resistance of pH variation and denaturing agent urea, and the recycle usage of HRP immobilized are obviously elevated, paving a novel and low-cost route to develop enzyme catalysts.

  8. Sugar and pH dual-responsive mesoporous silica nanocontainers based on competitive binding mechanisms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, M. Deniz; Xue, Min; Ambrogio, Michael W.; Buyukcakir, Onur; Wu, Yilei; Frasconi, Marco; Chen, Xinqi; Nassar, Majed S.; Stoddart, J. Fraser; Zink, Jeffrey I.

    2014-12-01

    A sugar and pH dual-responsive controlled release system, which is highly specific towards molecular stimuli, has been developed based on the binding between catechol and boronic acid on a platform of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). By grafting phenylboronic acid stalks onto the silica surface, catechol-containing β-cyclodextrins can be attached to the orifices of the MSNs' nanopores through formation of boronate esters which block access to the nanopores. These esters are stable enough to prevent cargo molecules from escaping. The boronate esters disassociate in the presence of sugars, enabling the molecule-specific controlled-release feature of this hybrid system. The rate of release has been found to be tunable by varying both the structures and the concentrations of sugars, as a result of the competitive binding nature associated with the mechanism of its operation. Acidification also induces the release of cargo molecules. Further investigations show that the presence of both a low pH and sugar molecules provides cooperative effects which together control the rate of release.A sugar and pH dual-responsive controlled release system, which is highly specific towards molecular stimuli, has been developed based on the binding between catechol and boronic acid on a platform of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). By grafting phenylboronic acid stalks onto the silica surface, catechol-containing β-cyclodextrins can be attached to the orifices of the MSNs' nanopores through formation of boronate esters which block access to the nanopores. These esters are stable enough to prevent cargo molecules from escaping. The boronate esters disassociate in the presence of sugars, enabling the molecule-specific controlled-release feature of this hybrid system. The rate of release has been found to be tunable by varying both the structures and the concentrations of sugars, as a result of the competitive binding nature associated with the mechanism of its operation

  9. Direct synthesis of mesoporous carbon from the carbonization of hydroxypropyl- β-cyclodextrin/silica composite and its catalytic performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hui Chun; Li, Bao Lin; Li, Jiang Tao; Lin, Pei; Bian, Xiao Bing; Li, Jiang; Zhang, Bo; Wan, Zhuan Xin

    2011-02-01

    A simple and efficient route is reported for the synthesis of mesoporous carbon materials by directly carbonizing hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin-silica composites. The resulting carbon materials, with uniform wormlike mesoporous structure and certain degree graphitic phase characteristics in porous wall, possess narrow pore size distribution, high surface area (>1000 m2 g-1) and pore volume (>1.2 cm3 g-1). It is worth mentioning that the carbon materials have high catalytic activity for the reduction of p-nitrotoluene using hydrazine hydrate as the reducing agent; moreover, the catalytic activity is not reduced notably after being reused for six times.

  10. Targeting Innate Immunity with dsRNA-Conjugated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Promotes Antitumor Effects on Breast Cancer Cells.

    PubMed

    Ultimo, Amelia; Giménez, Cristina; Bartovsky, Pavel; Aznar, Elena; Sancenón, Félix; Marcos, M Dolores; Amorós, Pedro; Bernardo, Ana R; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Jiménez-Lara, Ana M; Murguía, José R

    2016-01-26

    We describe herein a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) targeting delivery system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles capped with the synthetic double stranded RNA polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) for controlled cargo delivery in SK-BR-3 breast carcinoma cells. Our results show that poly(I:C)-conjugated nanoparticles efficiently targeted breast cancer cells due to dsRNA-TLR3 interaction. Such interaction also triggered apoptotic pathways in SK-BR-3, significantly decreasing cells viability. Poly(I:C) cytotoxic effect in breast carcinoma cells was enhanced by loading nanoparticles' mesopores with the anthracyclinic antibiotic doxorubicin, a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent.

  11. Enzyme-induced and tumor-targeted drug delivery system based on multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Yin-Jia; Luo, Guo-Feng; Zhu, Jing-Yi; Xu, Xiao-Ding; Zeng, Xuan; Cheng, Dong-Bing; Li, You-Mei; Wu, Yan; Zhang, Xian-Zheng; Zhuo, Ren-Xi; He, Feng

    2015-05-06

    Functional mesoporous silica particles have attracted growing research interest for controlled drug delivery in targeted cancer therapy. For the purpose of efficient targeting tumor cells and reducing the adverse effect of antitumor drug doxorubicin (DOX), biocompatible and enzyme-responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with tumor specificity were desired. To construct these functional MSNs, the classic rotaxane structure formed between alkoxysilane tether and α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was employed to anchor onto the orifices of MSNs as gatekeeper in this work. After subsequent modification by multifunctional peptide (azido-GFLGR7RGDS with tumor-targeting, membrane-penetrating, and cathepsin B-responsive functions) to stabilize the gatekeeper, the resulting functional MSNs showed a strong ability to load and seal DOX in their nanopores. When incubating these DOX-loaded MSNs with tumor and normal cells, the nanoparticles could efficiently employ their surface-encoded RGDS and continuous seven arginine (R7) sequences to target tumor cells, penetrate the cell membrane, and enter tumor cells. Because cathepsin B overexpressed in late endosomes and lysosomes of tumor cells could specifically hydrolyze GFLG sequences of the nanovalves, the DOX-loaded MSNs showed an "off-on" drug release behavior that ∼80% loaded DOX could be released within 24 h and thus showed a high rate of apoptosis. Furthermore, in vitro cellular experiments indicated that DOX-loaded MSNs (DOX@MSN-GFLGR7RGDS/α-CD) had high growth inhibition toward αvβ3-positive HeLa cancerous cells. The research might offer a practical way for designing the tumor-targeted and enzyme-induced drug delivery system for cancer therapy.

  12. Enzyme responsive mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted tumor therapy in vitro and in vivo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Junjie; Zhang, Beilu; Luo, Zhong; Ding, Xingwei; Li, Jinghua; Dai, Liangliang; Zhou, Jun; Zhao, Xiaojing; Ye, Jingya; Cai, Kaiyong

    2015-02-01

    This study reports a biocompatible controlled drug release system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for tumor microenvironment responsive drug delivery. It was fabricated by grafting phenylboronic acid conjugated human serum albumin (PBA-HSA) onto the surfaces of MSNs as a sealing agent, via an intermediate linker of a functional polypeptide, which was composed of two functional units: the polycation cell penetrating peptide (CPP) polyarginine, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) substrate peptide. A series of characterizations confirmed that the system had been successfully constructed. In vitro tests proved that the anticancer drug loading system could efficiently induce cell apoptosis in vitro. More importantly, the in vivo tumor experiments confirmed that the anticancer loading system could efficiently inhibit tumor growth with minimal side effects.This study reports a biocompatible controlled drug release system based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for tumor microenvironment responsive drug delivery. It was fabricated by grafting phenylboronic acid conjugated human serum albumin (PBA-HSA) onto the surfaces of MSNs as a sealing agent, via an intermediate linker of a functional polypeptide, which was composed of two functional units: the polycation cell penetrating peptide (CPP) polyarginine, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) substrate peptide. A series of characterizations confirmed that the system had been successfully constructed. In vitro tests proved that the anticancer drug loading system could efficiently induce cell apoptosis in vitro. More importantly, the in vivo tumor experiments confirmed that the anticancer loading system could efficiently inhibit tumor growth with minimal side effects. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: FTIR spectra, TGA curves, BET and BJH parameters, zeta potentials of nanoparticles; cleavage assay of the peptide detected by HPLC and MS; dose-dependent cytotoxicity of MSNs

  13. Preparation of magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a multifunctional platform for potential drug delivery and hyperthermia

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Xia; Zhu, Yufang

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We report the preparation of magnetic mesoporous silica (MMS) nanoparticles with the potential multifunctionality of drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia. Carbon-encapsulated magnetic colloidal nanoparticles (MCN@C) were used to coat mesoporous silica shells for the formation of the core-shell structured MMS nanoparticles (MCN@C/mSiO2), and the rattle-type structured MMS nanoparticles (MCN/mSiO2) were obtained after the removal of the carbon layers from MCN@C/mSiO2 nanoparticles. The morphology, structure, magnetic hyperthermia ability, drug release behavior, in vitro cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of MMS nanoparticles were investigated. The results revealed that the MCN@C/mSiO2 and MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles had spherical morphology and average particle sizes of 390 and 320 nm, respectively. The MCN@C/mSiO2 nanoparticles exhibited higher magnetic hyperthermia ability compared to the MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles, but the MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles had higher drug loading capacity. Both MCN@C/mSiO2 and MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles had similar drug release behavior with pH-controlled release and temperature-accelerated release. Furthermore, the MCN@C/mSiO2 and MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles showed low cytotoxicity and could be internalized into HeLa cells. Therefore, the MCN@C/mSiO2 and MCN/mSiO2 nanoparticles would be promising for the combination of drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia treatment in cancer therapy. PMID:27877873

  14. Development of TRPN dendrimer-modified disordered mesoporous silica for CO{sub 2} capture

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Sisi; Qin, Hongyan; Wu, Wei

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • A novel series of TRPN dendrimers are synthesized. • Structurally disordered mesoporous silica was used to develop the CO{sub 2} adsorbent. • The CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity is relatively high. • The sorbent exhibits a high stability after 12 cycling runs. • The sorbent achieves complete desorption at low temperature (60 °C). - Abstract: A novel series of tri(3-aminopropyl) amine (TRPN) dendrimers were synthesized and impregnated on structurally disordered mesoporous silica (DMS) to generate CO{sub 2} adsorbents (TS). The physicochemical and adsorption properties of the adsorbents before and after dendrimer modification were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption (N{sub 2}-BET) techniques. CO{sub 2} adsorption–desorption tests indicated that the sorbent demonstrates high CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity (138.1 mg g{sup −1} for G1 sample TS-G1-3CN-50 and 91.7 mg g{sup −1} for G2 sample TS-G2-6CN-50), and can completely desorb CO{sub 2} under vacuum at 60 °C. Its CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity at 25 °C increases with the amine loading, achieving the highest adsorption capacity (140.6 mg g{sup −1} for TS-G1-3CN) at 60%. The developed TS materials exhibited excellent cycling stability. After 12 consecutive adsorption–desorption runs, TS-G1-3CN-50 shows an adsorption capacity of 136.0 mg g{sup −1}, retaining 98.5% of its original value.

  15. In vivo delivery of bovine viral diahorrea virus, E2 protein using hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahony, D.; Cavallaro, A. S.; Mody, K. T.; Xiong, L.; Mahony, T. J.; Qiao, S. Z.; Mitter, N.

    2014-05-01

    Our work focuses on the application of mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a combined delivery vehicle and adjuvant for vaccine applications. Here we present results using the viral protein, E2, from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV). BVDV infection occurs in the target species of cattle and sheep herds worldwide and is therefore of economic importance. E2 is a major immunogenic determinant of BVDV and is an ideal candidate for the development of a subunit based nanovaccine using mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Hollow type mesoporous silica nanoparticles with surface amino functionalisation (termed HMSA) were characterised and assessed for adsorption and desorption of E2. A codon-optimised version of the E2 protein (termed Opti-E2) was produced in Escherichia coli. HMSA (120 nm) had an adsorption capacity of 80 μg Opti-E2 per mg HMSA and once bound E2 did not dissociate from the HMSA. Immunisation studies in mice with a 20 μg dose of E2 adsorbed to 250 μg HMSA was compared to immunisation with Opti-E2 (50 μg) together with the traditional adjuvant Quillaja saponaria Molina tree saponins (QuilA, 10 μg). The humoral responses with the Opti-E2/HMSA nanovaccine although slightly lower than those obtained for the Opti-E2 + QuilA group demonstrated that HMSA particles are an effective adjuvant that stimulated E2-specific antibody responses. Importantly the cell-mediated immune responses were consistently high in all mice immunised with Opti-E2/HMSA nanovaccine formulation. Therefore we have shown the Opti-E2/HMSA nanoformulation acts as an excellent adjuvant that gives both T-helper 1 and T-helper 2 mediated responses in a small animal model. This study has provided proof-of-concept towards the development of an E2 subunit nanoparticle based vaccine.Our work focuses on the application of mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a combined delivery vehicle and adjuvant for vaccine applications. Here we present results using the viral protein, E2, from bovine viral

  16. Probing the intrapore surface of phenyl-substituted nanoscale mesoporous silica-piezoelectric sorption measurements in thin films.

    PubMed

    Darga, Alexander; Kecht, Johann; Bein, Thomas

    2007-12-18

    The incorporation of organic moieties into siliceous frameworks leads to a wide variety of adsorbate-adsorbent interactions including weak van-der-Waal attractions as well as strong interactions such as Coulomb forces. Depending on the desired properties of such substituted highly porous matrix materials, optimized synthesis routes can be established to enhance the desired internal pore surface-affinity toward certain volatile compounds. On the basis of a fundamental knowledge of the host-guest system, sorption-related applications may benefit from individually fine-tuned and modified sample materials. The sorption isotherms of vaporized toluene on nonmodified and phenyl-functionalized mesoporous silica samples were determined on an acoustic wave device at different temperatures. The mesoporous silica was modified by in situ co-condensation and postsynthesis grafting approaches, respectively. All samples were thoroughly characterized by nitrogen sorption, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (29Si NMR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), Raman spectroscopy, and toluene adsorption on a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). The different heats of adsorption of toluene on the various modified silica surfaces obtained by the sorption data make it possible to gain additional information about the degree and type of surface functionalization. It is thus demonstrated that QCM studies can be a powerful and convenient tool for efficient investigations of functionalized mesoporous silica particles that yield valuable quantitative information on molecule-surface interactions.

  17. Design of ordered bimodal mesoporous silica materials by using a mixed fluorinated-hydrogenated surfactant-based system.

    PubMed

    Michaux, F; Blin, J L; Stébé, M J

    2007-02-13

    Mesoporous silica materials have been prepared using aqueous solutions of hydrogenated-fluorinated surfactant mixtures. The phase behavior of the C18H35(OC2H4)10-C6F15C2H4(OC2H4)11OH [RH18(EO)10-RF6(EO)11] mixture in aqueous solution was first established at the temperature at which the silica source is added, i.e., 20 or 40 degrees C. We have delimited the different phase domains. Concerning the mesostructured silica, whatever the temperature at which the silica source is added, mesoporous material with a hexagonal array of their channel is formed via a cooperative templating mechanism (CTM), if the content of RF6(EO)11 in the surfactant mixture is lower than 50%. Moreover, when the silica source is added at 40 degrees C, the recovered materials exhibit a bimodal pore size distribution. The appearance of this bimodality has been related to the coexistence of hydrogenated micelles with fluorinated wormlike micelles. By contrast, the bimodality is not observed when the silica source is added at 20 degrees C.

  18. Activators generated by electron transfer for atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene in the presence of mesoporous silica nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Khezri, Khezrollah; Roghani-Mamaqani, Hossein

    2014-11-15

    Graphical abstract: Effect of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MCM-41) on the activator generated by electron transfer for atom transfer radical polymerization (AGET ATRP) is investigated. Decrement of conversion and number average molecular weight and also increment of polydispersity index (PDI) values are three main results of addition of MCM-41 nanoparticles. Incorporation of MCM-41 nanoparticles in the polystyrene matrix can clearly increase thermal stability and decrease glass transition temperature of the nanocomposites. - Highlights: • Spherical morphology, hexagonal structure, and high surface area with regular pore diameters of the synthesized MCM-41 nanoparticles are examined. • AGET ATRP of styrene in the presence of MCM-41 nanoparticles is performed. • Effect of MCM-41 nanoparticles addition on the polymerization rate, conversion and molecular weights of the products are discussed. • Improvement in thermal stability of the nanocomposites and decreasing T{sub g} values was also observed by incorporation of MCM-41 nanoparticles. - Abstract: Activator generated by electron transfer for atom transfer radical polymerization was employed to synthesize well-defined mesoporous silica nanoparticles/polystyrene composites. Inherent features of spherical mesoporous silica nanoparticles were evaluated by nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherm, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analysis techniques. Conversion and molecular weight evaluations were carried out using gas and size exclusion chromatography respectively. By the addition of only 3 wt% mesoporous silica nanoparticles, conversion decreases from 81 to 58%. Similarly, number average molecular weight decreases from 17,116 to 12,798 g mol{sup −1}. However, polydispersity index (PDI) values increases from 1.24 to 1.58. A peak around 4.1–4.2 ppm at proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy results clearly confirms the living nature of the polymerization. Thermogravimetric

  19. Targeted synthesis of silicomolybdic acid (Keggin acid) inside mesoporous silica hollow spheres for Friedel-Crafts alkylation.

    PubMed

    Dou, Jian; Zeng, Hua Chun

    2012-10-03

    Herein we report an inside-out preinstallation-infusion-hydration method for targeted synthesis of Keggin heteropoly acids (silicomolybdic acid, H(4)SiMo(12)O(40)) within mesoporous silica (SiO(2)) hollow spheres. In this process, discrete molybdenum dioxide (MoO(2)) nanoparticles with diameter size ranging from 25 to 60 nm were first prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal route in water/ethanol mixed solvents at 180 °C, which were then used as cores to grow the shell of supramolecular templated silica with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and hexadecyltrimethyl- ammonium chloride (CTACl) in alkaline solution. By thermal treatment of as-synthesized MoO(2)@SiO(2) core-shell spheres, the organic template was burned off and mesoporous shell was formed (BET specific surface area was as high as 872 m(2)/g). Meanwhile, the encapsulated MoO(2) was oxidized to Mo(6+) and infused to the mesoporous silica shells, forming heptamolybdate species (Mo(7)O(24)(6-)) uniformly dispersed on the mesopore surfaces of silica, while generating void space at the center of spheres. After hydration with water, H(4)SiMo(12)O(40) was formed by reaction between the surface Mo(7)O(24)(6-) and silica species in the presence of water. The prepared H(4)SiMo(12)O(40) @mSiO(2) hollow spheres were tested for Friedel-Crafts alkylation of toluene by benzyl alcohol. The H(4)SiMo(12)O(40)@mSiO(2) catalysts fabricated via this novel route exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward benzylation of toluene, which was approximately 2.6 times as high as that of commercial Amberlyst-15 catalyst. In addition, the H(4)SiMo(12)O(40)@mSiO(2) catalyst was very robust and could be reused after regeneration.

  20. Bimetallic Nanocatalysts in Mesoporous Silica for Hydrogen Production from Coal-Derived Fuels

    SciTech Connect

    Kuila, Debasish; Ilias, Shamsuddin

    2013-02-13

    In steam reforming reactions (SRRs) of alkanes and alcohols to produce H2, noble metals such as platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) are extensively used as catalyst. These metals are expensive; so, to reduce noble-metal loading, bi-metallic nanocatalysts containing non-noble metals in MCM-41 (Mobil Composition of Material No. 41, a mesoporous material) as a support material with high-surface area were synthesized using one-pot hydrothermal procedure with a surfactant such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a template. Bi-metallic nanocatalysts of Pd-Ni and Pd-Co with varying metal loadings in MCM-41 were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption, and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The BET surface area of MCM-41 (~1000 m2/g) containing metal nanoparticles decreases with the increase in metal loading. The FTIR studies confirm strong interaction between Si-O-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) units and successful inclusion of metal into the mesoporous silica matrix. The catalyst activities were examined in steam reforming of methanol (SRM) reactions to produce hydrogen. Reference tests using catalysts containing individual metals (Pd, Ni and Co) were also performed to investigate the effect of the bimetallic system on the catalytic behavior in the SRM reactions. The bimetallic system remarkably improves the hydrogen selectivity, methanol conversion and stability of the catalyst. The results are consistent with a synergistic behavior for the Pd-Ni-bimetallic system. The performance, durability and thermal stability of the Pd-Ni/MCM-41 and Pd-Co/MCM-41 suggest that these materials may be promising catalysts for hydrogen production from biofuels. A part of this work for synthesis and characterization of Pd-Ni-MCM-41 and its activity for SRM reactions has been published (“Development of Mesoporous Silica Encapsulated Pd-Ni Nanocatalyst for Hydrogen Production” in “Production and Purification of Ultraclean

  1. In Vivo Integrity and Biological Fate of Chelator-Free Zirconium-89-Labeled Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Traditional chelator-based radio-labeled nanoparticles and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging are playing vital roles in the field of nano-oncology. However, their long-term in vivo integrity and potential mismatch of the biodistribution patterns between nanoparticles and radio-isotopes are two major concerns for this approach. Here, we present a chelator-free zirconium-89 (89Zr, t1/2 = 78.4 h) labeling of mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) with significantly enhanced in vivo long-term (>20 days) stability. Successful radio-labeling and in vivo stability are demonstrated to be highly dependent on both the concentration and location of deprotonated silanol groups (−Si–O–) from two types of silica nanoparticles investigated. This work reports 89Zr-labeled MSN with a detailed labeling mechanism investigation and long-term stability study. With its attractive radio-stability and the simplicity of chelator-free radio-labeling, 89Zr-MSN offers a novel, simple, and accurate way for studying the in vivo long-term fate and PET image-guided drug delivery of MSN in the near future. PMID:26213260

  2. Delivering hydrophilic and hydrophobic chemotherapeutics simultaneously by magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles to inhibit cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Liu, Qian; Zhang, Jixi; Sun, Wei; Xie, Qian Reuben; Xia, Weiliang; Gu, Hongchen

    2012-01-01

    Using nanoparticles to deliver chemotherapeutics offers new opportunities for cancer therapy, but challenges still remain when they are used for the delivery of multiple drugs, especially for the synchronous delivery of hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs in combination therapies. In this paper, we developed an approach to deliver hydrophilic-hydrophobic anticancer drug pairs by employing magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSNs). We prepared 50 nm-sized MMSNs with uniform pore size and evaluated their capability for the loading of two combinations of chemotherapeutics, namely doxorubicin-paclitaxel and doxorubicin-rapamycin, by means of sequential adsorption from the aqueous solution of doxorubicin and nonaqueous solutions of paclitaxel or rapamycin. Experimental results showed that the present strategy successfully realized the co-loading of hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs with high-loading content and widely tunable ratio range. We elaborate on the theory behind the molecular interaction between the silica hydroxyl groups and drug molecules, which underlie the controllable loading, and the subsequent release of the drug pairs. Then we demonstrate that the multidrug-loaded MMSNs could be easily internalized by A549 human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells, and produce enhanced tumor cell apoptosis and growth inhibition as compared to single-drug loaded MMSNs. Our study thus realized simultaneous and dose-tunable delivery of hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs, which were endowed with improved anticancer efficacy. This strategy could be readily extended to other chemotherapeutic combinations and might have clinically translatable significance.

  3. Mesoporous hollow nanospheres consisting of carbon coated silica nanoparticles for robust lithium-ion battery anodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Weili; Fu, Jijiang; Su, Jianjun; Wang, Lei; Peng, Xiang; Wu, Kai; Chen, Qiuyun; Bi, Yajun; Gao, Biao; Zhang, Xuming

    2017-03-01

    SiO2 as lithium ion batteries (LIBs) anode has drawn considerable attentions because of its low cost, high theoretical specific capacity and low discharge potentials but been limited by its low conductivity and electrochemical kinetics, resulting in obvious capacity decay and poor rate performance. Herein, we developed a simple approach to synthesize mesoporous hollow nanosphere (MHSiO2@C) assembled by conformal carbon coating tiny silica nanoparticles through chemical polymerization of dopamine inside the shell of MHSiO2. The continuous carbon can conformally coat on the surface of all primary SiO2 nanoparticles in the shell, which not only enhances the conductivity but also improves the structural stability of the MHSiO2. Compared to raw MHSiO2 and non-conformal carbon coated MHSiO2, the MHSiO2@C demonstrate a high reversible capacity of 440.7 mA h g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1 after 500 cycles and excellent rate performance due to synergetic effect of special structure of MHSiO2 and carbon conformal coating on each silica nanoparticle. Such a special structure will be a promising platform for LIBs. Significantly, this paper offers a direct evidence to prove the advantage of conformal carbon coating and provides consequentially guide in improving the energy storage performance of low-conductivity oxide based electrode materials.

  4. Investigation of Hexagonal Mesoporous Silica-Supported Composites for Trace Moisture Adsorption.

    PubMed

    Li, Li; Tang, Nian; Wang, Yaxue; Cen, Wanglai; Liu, Jie; Zhou, Yongyan

    2015-12-01

    Moisture control is an important part of effective maintenance program for gas-insulated switchgear (GIS). Herein, hexagonal mesoporous silica (HMS) materials were synthesized by adopting dodecylamine as a structure directing agent, which was then employed as a host for supporting polyethylenimine (PEI) without further calcinations or extraction treatment. The physicochemical properties of the silica support and composites were characterized, and the moisture adsorption capacity of these composites was determined. The reserved template agents resulted in a dramatic improvement in moisture adsorption amount. Among them, 50PEI/DHMS showed the highest adsorption value. The enhanced adsorption could be attributed to the generated hydrogen bonding between amino groups and H2O molecules and the improved diffusion of moisture into the bulk networks of PEI polymers due to its better spatial dispersion imposed by the long alkyl chains of template agents, which was confirmed by thermogravimetry results and hydrogen efficiency analysis. Moreover, the maintained terminal amino groups of templates could also function as active sites for moisture adsorption. The results herein imply that the PEI/DHMS composites could be appealing materials for capturing moisture in GIS.

  5. Physical properties of ordered mesoporous SBA-15 silica as immunological adjuvant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mariano-Neto, F.; Matos, J. R.; Cides da Silva, L. C.; Carvalho, L. V.; Scaramuzzi, K.; Sant'Anna, O. A.; Oliveira, C. P.; Fantini, M. C. A.

    2014-10-01

    This work reports a detailed analysis of the ordered mesoporous SBA-15 silica synthesis procedure that provides a matrix with mean pore diameter around 10 nm. The encapsulation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) by four different methods allowed the determination of the best imbibition condition, which is keeping the mixture under rest and solvent evaporation. Simulation of the in situ SAXS scattered intensity of the BSA release in potassium buffer solution, gastrointestinal fluids revealed a slow evolution of BSA content, independent of the media. Proton induced x-ray emission results obtained in calcined mouse organs revealed that silica is only present in the spleen after 35 days and is completely eliminated from all mouse organs after 10 weeks. Biological studies showed that Santa Barbara Amorphous-15 is an effective adjuvant when compared to the traditional Al(OH)3, and is non-toxic to mice, rats, dogs and even cells, such as macrophages and dendritic cells. Recent studies showed that the immunological response is improved by enhancing the inflammatory response and the recruitment of immune competent cells to the site of injection as by the oral route and, most importantly, by increasing the number of phagocytes of a particulate antigen by antigen presenting cells. This research is under the scope of the International Patent WO 07030901, IN248654,ZA2008/02277, KR 1089400, MX297263, JP5091863, CN101287491B.

  6. In Vivo Integrity and Biological Fate of Chelator-Free Zirconium-89-Labeled Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Chen, Feng; Goel, Shreya; Valdovinos, Hector F; Luo, Haiming; Hernandez, Reinier; Barnhart, Todd E; Cai, Weibo

    2015-08-25

    Traditional chelator-based radio-labeled nanoparticles and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging are playing vital roles in the field of nano-oncology. However, their long-term in vivo integrity and potential mismatch of the biodistribution patterns between nanoparticles and radio-isotopes are two major concerns for this approach. Here, we present a chelator-free zirconium-89 ((89)Zr, t1/2 = 78.4 h) labeling of mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) with significantly enhanced in vivo long-term (>20 days) stability. Successful radio-labeling and in vivo stability are demonstrated to be highly dependent on both the concentration and location of deprotonated silanol groups (-Si-O(-)) from two types of silica nanoparticles investigated. This work reports (89)Zr-labeled MSN with a detailed labeling mechanism investigation and long-term stability study. With its attractive radio-stability and the simplicity of chelator-free radio-labeling, (89)Zr-MSN offers a novel, simple, and accurate way for studying the in vivo long-term fate and PET image-guided drug delivery of MSN in the near future.

  7. Synthesis of multi-functional large pore mesoporous silica nanoparticles as gene carriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hartono, Sandy B.; Yu, Meihua; Gu, Wenyi; Yang, Jie; Strounina, Ekaterina; Wang, Xiaolin; Qiao, Shizhang; Yu, Chengzhong

    2014-02-01

    The development of functional nanocarriers that can enhance the cellular delivery of a variety of nucleic acid agents is important in many biomedical applications such as siRNA therapy. We report the synthesis of large pore mesoporous silica nanoparticles (LPMSN) loaded with iron oxide and covalently modified by polyethyleneimine (denoted PEI-Fe-LPMSN) as carriers for gene delivery. The LPMSN have a particle size of ˜200 nm and a large pore size of 11 nm. The large pore size is essential for the formation of large iron oxide nanoparticles to increase the magnetic properties and the adsorption capacity of siRNA molecules. The magnetic property facilitates the cellular uptake of nanocarriers under an external magnetic field. PEI is covalently grafted on the silica surface to enhance the nanocarriers’ affinity against siRNA molecules and to improve gene silencing performance. The PEI-Fe-LPMSN delivered siRNA-PLK1 effectively into osteosarcoma cancer cells, leading to cell viability inhibition of 80%, higher compared to the 50% reduction when the same dose of siRNA was delivered by a commercial product, oligofectamine.

  8. Investigation of Hexagonal Mesoporous Silica-Supported Composites for Trace Moisture Adsorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Li; Tang, Nian; Wang, Yaxue; Cen, Wanglai; Liu, Jie; Zhou, Yongyan

    2015-11-01

    Moisture control is an important part of effective maintenance program for gas-insulated switchgear (GIS). Herein, hexagonal mesoporous silica (HMS) materials were synthesized by adopting dodecylamine as a structure directing agent, which was then employed as a host for supporting polyethylenimine (PEI) without further calcinations or extraction treatment. The physicochemical properties of the silica support and composites were characterized, and the moisture adsorption capacity of these composites was determined. The reserved template agents resulted in a dramatic improvement in moisture adsorption amount. Among them, 50PEI/DHMS showed the highest adsorption value. The enhanced adsorption could be attributed to the generated hydrogen bonding between amino groups and H2O molecules and the improved diffusion of moisture into the bulk networks of PEI polymers due to its better spatial dispersion imposed by the long alkyl chains of template agents, which was confirmed by thermogravimetry results and hydrogen efficiency analysis. Moreover, the maintained terminal amino groups of templates could also function as active sites for moisture adsorption. The results herein imply that the PEI/DHMS composites could be appealing materials for capturing moisture in GIS.

  9. Electrospun highly ordered mesoporous silica-carbon composite nanofibers for rapid extraction and prefractionation of endogenous peptides.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Gang-Tian; Chen, Xi; He, Xiao-Mei; Wang, Han; Zhang, Zheng; Feng, Yu-Qi

    2015-03-09

    A simple method was developed for the preparation of ordered mesoporous silica-carbon composite nanofibers (OMSCFs). The OMSCFs exhibited high carbon content, continuously long fibrous properties, uniform accessible mesopores, and a large surface area. The OMSCFs were also found to have ion-exchange capacity. On the basis of the size-exclusion effect of the mesopores and mixed-mode hydrophobic/ion-exchange interactions, the OMSCFs were applied for rapid enrichment of endogenous peptides by using a miniaturized solid-phase extraction format. The adsorption mechanism was studied, and the eluting solution was optimized with standard peptide/protein solutions and protein digests. Employing a successive three-step elution strategy, followed by LC-MS/MS analysis, led to excellent performance with this approach in the extraction and prefractionation of peptides from human serum.

  10. Immune response to functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heidegger, Simon; Gößl, Dorothée; Schmidt, Alexandra; Niedermayer, Stefan; Argyo, Christian; Endres, Stefan; Bein, Thomas; Bourquin, Carole

    2015-12-01

    Multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have attracted substantial attention with regard to their high potential for targeted drug delivery. For future clinical applications it is crucial to address safety concerns and understand the potential immunotoxicity of these nanoparticles. In this study, we assess the biocompatibility and functionality of multifunctional MSN in freshly isolated, primary murine immune cells. We show that the functionalized silica nanoparticles are rapidly and efficiently taken up into the endosomal compartment by specialized antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells. The silica nanoparticles showed a favorable toxicity profile and did not affect the viability of primary immune cells from the spleen in relevant concentrations. Cargo-free MSN induced only very low immune responses in primary cells as determined by surface expression of activation markers and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as Interleukin-6, -12 and -1β. In contrast, when surface-functionalized MSN with a pH-responsive polymer capping were loaded with an immune-activating drug, the synthetic Toll-like receptor 7 agonist R848, a strong immune response was provoked. We thus demonstrate that MSN represent an efficient drug delivery vehicle to primary immune cells that is both non-toxic and non-inflammagenic, which is a prerequisite for the use of these particles in biomedical applications.Multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have attracted substantial attention with regard to their high potential for targeted drug delivery. For future clinical applications it is crucial to address safety concerns and understand the potential immunotoxicity of these nanoparticles. In this study, we assess the biocompatibility and functionality of multifunctional MSN in freshly isolated, primary murine immune cells. We show that the functionalized silica nanoparticles are rapidly and efficiently taken up into the endosomal compartment by specialized

  11. The effect of protein corona on doxorubicin release from the magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles with polyethylene glycol coating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pourjavadi, Ali; Tehrani, Zahra Mazaheri; Mahmoudi, Negar

    2015-04-01

    In the present work, biocompatible superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated by mesoporous silica were used as drug nanocarriers for doxorubicin (Dox; an anticancer drug) delivery. In biological media, the interaction of protein corona layer with the surface of nanoparticles is inevitable. For this reason, we studied the effect of protein corona on drug release from magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSNs) in human plasma medium. Besides, we used hydrophilic and biocompatible polymer, polyethylene glycol (PEG), to decrease protein corona effects. The results showed the increased Dox release from PEGylated MMSNs compared with bare MMSNs. This result indicated that the coating of PEG reduced the wrapping of the protein corona around the nanoparticles. This phenomenon caused increase in Dox release.

  12. Biodegradable Magnetic Silica@Iron Oxide Nanovectors with Ultra-Large Mesopores for High Protein Loading, Magnetothermal Release, and Delivery.

    PubMed

    Omar, Haneen; Croissant, Jonas G; Alamoudi, Kholod; Alsaiari, Shahad; Alradwan, Ibrahim; Majrashi, Majed A; Anjum, Dalaver H; Martins, Patricia; Moosa, Basem; Almalik, Abdulaziz; Khashab, Niveen M

    2016-11-29

    The delivery of large cargos of diameter above 15nm for biomedical applications has proved challenging since it requires biocompatible, stably-loaded, and biodegradable nanomaterials. In this study, we describe the design of biodegradable silica-iron oxide hybrid nanovectors with large mesopores for large protein delivery in cancer cells. The mesopores of the nanomaterials spanned from 20 to 60nm in diameter and post-functionalization allowed the electrostatic immobilization of large proteins (e.g. mTFP-Ferritin, ~534kDa). Half of the content of the nanovectors was based with iron oxide nanophases which allowed the rapid biodegradation of the carrier in fetal bovine serum and a magnetic responsiveness. The nanovectors released large protein cargos in aqueous solution under acidic pH or magnetic stimuli. The delivery of large proteins was then autonomously achieved in cancer cells via the silica-iron oxide nanovectors, which is thus a promising for biomedical applications.

  13. Mesoporous Silica Films with Long-Range Order Prepared from Strongly Segregated Block Copolymer/Homopolymer Blend Templates

    SciTech Connect

    Tirumala, Vijay R.; Pai, Rajaram A.; Agarwal, Sumit; Testa, Jason J.; Bhatnagar, Gaurav; Romang, Alvin H.; Chandler, Curran; Gorman, Brian P.; Jones, Ronald L.; Lin, Eric K.; Watkins, James J.

    2008-06-30

    Well-ordered mesoporous silica films were prepared by infusion and selective condensation of Si alkoxides within preorganized block copolymer/homopolymer blend templates using supercritical CO{sub 2} as the delivery medium. The morphologies of the mesoporous silica films reflect significant improvements in the strength of segregation and long-range order of template blends of poly(ethylene oxide-b-propylene oxide-b-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymers with selectively associating homopolymers such as poly(acrylic acid) or poly(4-hydroxystyrene) prior as compared to templates comprised of the neat copolymer. Control over film porosity, pore ordering, and morphology of the films is achieved through simple variations in the homopolymer concentration. The films were characterized using X-ray reflectivity, small-angle X-ray scattering, and transmission electron microscopy.

  14. Layer-by-layer engineering fluorescent polyelectrolyte coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as pH-sensitive nanocarriers for controlled release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Pengcheng; Zhao, Xubo; Zeng, Jin; Guo, Jinshan; Liu, Peng

    2015-08-01

    Fluorescent core/shell composite has been fabricated by the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of the fluorescein isothiocyanate modified chitosan (CS-FITC) and sodium alginate (AL) onto the carboxyl modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN-COOH), followed by PEGylation. It exhibits stability in high salt-concentration media and the pH responsive fluorescent feature can be used for cell imaging. Furthermore, the modified MSN cores can enhance the DOX loading capacity and the multifunctional polyelectrolyte shell can adjust the drug release upon the media pH, showing a low leakage quantity at the neutral environment but significantly enhanced release at lower pH media mimicking the tumor environments. Therefore, the biocompatible fluorescent polyelectrolyte coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN-LBL-PEG) offer promise for tumor therapy.

  15. Levofloxacin loaded mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffold for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis with bone defects.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qi; Chen, Cheng; Liu, Wen; He, Xiaoqiang; Zhou, Nian; Zhang, Dongli; Gu, Hongchen; Li, Jidong; Jiang, Jiaxing; Huang, Wei

    2017-02-02

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a prolonged persistent disease accompanied by bone destruction and sequestrum formation, it is very difficult to treat. Antibiotic loaded polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been used in clinical. However, when PMMA was implanted in the body, the deficiencies is that it is non-biodegradable and a second operation is needed. Here, we synthesize a novel levofloxacin loaded mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffolds, and evaluated the therapeutic effect in treating chronic osteomyelitis with bone defects in rabbit model compared with bulk PMMA. X-ray, Micro CT, gross pathology as well as immunohistochemical staining were performed at predesignated time points (1, 3, 6 and 12 weeks). Our results demonstrated that the efficiency of mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffolds loaded with 5 mg levofloxacin was much better at treating bone defects than the other groups. This novel synthetic scaffold may provide a solution for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis.

  16. Sub-1-micron mesoporous silica particles functionalized with cyclodextrin derivative for rapid enantioseparations on ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Ai, Feng; Li, Laisheng; Ng, Siu-Choon; Tan, Timothy Thatt Yang

    2010-11-26

    Mesoporous silica particles of relatively uniform sub-1-micron size (0.6-0.9 μm) were successfully prepared by a modified synthesis strategy and applied in chiral separation in an ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography system. These particles were prepared via a ternary surfactant system (Pluronic P123, F127 and hexadecyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide) and subsequently derivatized with perphenylcarbamoylated-β-cyclodextrin moieties. The mesoporous silica particles, despite their submicron size, enabled low back-pressure operation on an ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography system at a maximum flow rate of 2 ml/min. In addition, the particles possessed high surface area (480 m(2)/g) and thus afforded high cyclodextrin derivative loading (32 μmol/g), demonstrating rapid enantioseparation and good resolution of 6 basic and neutral racemates.

  17. Levofloxacin loaded mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffold for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis with bone defects

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Qi; Chen, Cheng; Liu, Wen; He, Xiaoqiang; Zhou, Nian; Zhang, Dongli; Gu, Hongchen; Li, Jidong; Jiang, Jiaxing; Huang, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a prolonged persistent disease accompanied by bone destruction and sequestrum formation, it is very difficult to treat. Antibiotic loaded polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been used in clinical. However, when PMMA was implanted in the body, the deficiencies is that it is non-biodegradable and a second operation is needed. Here, we synthesize a novel levofloxacin loaded mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffolds, and evaluated the therapeutic effect in treating chronic osteomyelitis with bone defects in rabbit model compared with bulk PMMA. X-ray, Micro CT, gross pathology as well as immunohistochemical staining were performed at predesignated time points (1, 3, 6 and 12 weeks). Our results demonstrated that the efficiency of mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffolds loaded with 5 mg levofloxacin was much better at treating bone defects than the other groups. This novel synthetic scaffold may provide a solution for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. PMID:28150731

  18. Synthesis and characterization of pharmaceutical surfactant templated mesoporous silica: Its application to controlled delivery of duloxetine

    SciTech Connect

    Mani, Ganesh; Pushparaj, Hemalatha; Peng, Mei Mei; Muthiahpillai, Palanichamy; Udhumansha, Ubaidulla; Jang, Hyun Tae

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Usefulness of dual pharmaceutical surfactants in silica synthesis was evaluated. • Effects of concentration of secondary template (Tween-40) were studied. • Effects of fixed solvothermal condition on mesostructure formation were studied. • Duloxetine drug loading capability was studied. • Sustained release of duloxetine was evaluated. - Abstract: A new group of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were synthesized using combination pharmaceutical surfactants, Triton X-100 and Tween-40 as template and loaded with duloxetine hydrochloride (DX), for improving the sustained release of DX and patterns with high drug loading. Agglomerated spherical silica MSNs were synthesized by sol–gel and solvothermal methods. The calcined and drug loaded MSNs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Braunner–Emmett–Teller (BET), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), diffuse reflectance ultraviolet–visible (DRS-UV–vis) spectroscopy. MSNs with high surface area and pore volume were selected and studied for their DX loading and release. The selected MSNs can accommodate a maximum of 34% DX within it. About 90% was released at 200 h and hence, the synthesized MSNs were capable of engulfing DX and sustain its release. Further form the Ritger and Peppas, Higuchi model for mechanism drug release from all the MSN matrices follows anomalous transport or Non-Fickian diffusion with the ‘r’ and ‘n’ value 0.9 and 0.45 < n < 1, respectively. So, from this study it could be concluded that the MSNs synthesized using pharmaceutical templates were better choice of reservoir for the controlled delivery of drug which requires sustained release.

  19. Templated synthesis of monodisperse mesoporous maghemite/silica microspheres for magnetic separation of genomic DNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Feng; Shi, Ruobing; Xue, Yun; Chen, Lei; Wan, Qian-Hong

    2010-08-01

    A novel method is described for the preparation of superparamagnetic mesoporous maghemite (γ-Fe 2O 3)/silica (SiO 2) composite microspheres to allow rapid magnetic separation of DNA from biological samples. With magnetite (Fe 3O 4) and silica nanoparticles as starting materials, such microspheres were synthesized by the following two consecutive steps: (1) formation of monodispersed organic/inorganic hybrid microspheres through urea-formaldedyde (UF) polymerization and (2) removal of the organic template and phase transformation of Fe 3O 4 to γ-Fe 2O 3 by calcination at elevated temperatures. The as-synthesized particles obtained by heating at temperature 300 °C feature spherical shape and uniform particle size ( dparticle=1.72 μm), high saturation magnetization ( Ms=17.22 emu/g), superparamagnetism ( Mr/ Ms=0.023), high surface area ( SBET=240 m 2/g), and mesoporosity ( dpore=6.62 nm). The composite microsphere consists of interlocked amorphous SiO 2 nanoparticles, in which cubic γ-Fe 2O 3 nanocrystals are homogeneously dispersed and thermally stable against γ- to α-phase transformation at temperatures up to 600 °C. With the exposed iron oxide nanoparticles coated with a thin layer of silica shell, the magnetic microspheres were used as a solid-phase adsorbent for rapid extraction of genomic DNA from plant samples. The results show that the DNA templates isolated from pea and green pepper displayed single bands with molecular weights greater than 8 kb and A260/ A280 values of 1.60-1.72. The PCR amplification of a fragment encoding the endogenous chloroplast ndhB gene confirmed that the DNA templates obtained were inhibitor-free and amenable to sensitive amplification-based DNA technologies.

  20. Parallel Aligned Mesopore Arrays in Pyramidal-Shaped Gallium Nitride and Their Photocatalytic Applications.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hee Jun; Park, Joonmo; Ye, Byeong Uk; Yoo, Chul Jong; Lee, Jong-Lam; Ryu, Sang-Wan; Lee, Heon; Choi, Kyoung Jin; Baik, Jeong Min

    2016-07-20

    Parallel aligned mesopore arrays in pyramidal-shaped GaN are fabricated by using an electrochemical anodic etching technique, followed by inductively coupled plasma etching assisted by SiO2 nanosphere lithography, and used as a promising photoelectrode for solar water oxidation. The parallel alignment of the pores of several tens of micrometers scale in length is achieved by the low applied voltage and prepattern guided anodization. The dry etching of single-layer SiO2 nanosphere-coated GaN produces a pyramidal shape of the GaN, making the pores open at both sides and shortening the escape path of evolved gas bubbles produced inside pores during the water oxidation. The absorption spectra show that the light absorption in the UV range is ∼93% and that there is a red shift in the absorption edge by 30 nm, compared with the flat GaN. It also shows a remarkable enhancement in the photocurrent density by 5.3 times, compared with flat GaN. Further enhancement (∼40%) by the deposition of Ni was observed due to the generation of an electric field, which increases the charge separation ratio.

  1. Antifogging and antireflection coatings fabricated by integrating solid and mesoporous silica nanoparticles without any post-treatments.

    PubMed

    Xu, Ligang; He, Junhui

    2012-06-27

    Antifogging and -reflection coatings were fabricated on glass and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) substrates by integrating solid silica nanoparticles of 25 nm (S-25) and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) of 45 nm via layer-by-layer assembly without any post-treatments. Superhydrophilicity and a maximum transmittance of 98.5% in the visible spectral range was achieved for the (PDDA/S-25)4/(PDDA/MSNs) coating deposited on slide glass. The maximum transmittance even reached as high as 99.3% in the visible spectral range by applying a coating of (PDDA/S-25)8/(PDDA/MSNs) on PMMA substrate. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the morphology and structure of nanoparticles and coating surfaces. Optical properties were characterized by UV-visible spectrophotometer. Surface wettability was studied by a contact angle/interface system. The influence of mesopores was also discussed on the transmission and wetting properties of coatings. The high porosity of mesoporous nanoparticles and loose stacking of solid and mesoporous nanoparticles are considered to significantly contribute to the enhancements of both light transmission and hydrophilicity.

  2. Innovative Route to Prepare of Au/C Catalysts by Replication of Gold-containing Mesoporous Silicas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerdi, Fatmé; Caps, Valérie; Tuel, Alain

    Gold-catalyzed aerobic epoxidations in the liquid phase are generally performed in low-polarity solvents, in which conventional oxide-supported catalysts are poorly dispersed. To improve the wettability of the catalytic powder and, thus, the efficiency of the catalyst, gold nanoparticles (NPs) have been dispersed on meso-structured carbons. Gold is first introduced in functionalized mesostructured silica and particles are formed inside the porosity. Silica pores are then impregnated with a carbon precursor and the composite material is heated at 900 °C under vacuum or nitrogen. Silica is then removed by acid leaching, leading to partially encapsulated gold particles in mesoporous carbon. Carbon prevents aggregation of gold particles at high temperature, both the mean size and distribution being similar to those observed in silica. However, while Au@SiO2 exhibit significant catalytic activity in the aerobic oxidation of trans-stilbene in the liquid phase, its Au@C mesostructured replica is quite inactive.

  3. Improvement of the Kruk-Jaroniec-Sayari method for pore size analysis of ordered silicas with cylindrical mesopores.

    PubMed

    Jaroniec, Mietek; Solovyov, Leonid A

    2006-08-01

    In this work, the X-ray diffraction structure modeling was employed for analysis of hexagonally ordered large-pore silicas, SBA-15, to determine their pore width independently of adsorption measurements. Nitrogen adsorption isotherms were used to evaluate the relative pressure of capillary condensation in cylindrical mesopores of these materials. This approach allowed us to extend the original Kruk-Jaroniec-Sayari (KJS) relation (Langmuir 1997, 13, 6267) between the pore width and capillary condensation pressure up to 10 nm instead of previously established range from 2 to 6.5 nm for a series of MCM-41 and to improve the KJS pore size analysis of large pore silicas.

  4. In vitro dissolution models for the prediction of in vivo performance of an oral mesoporous silica formulation.

    PubMed

    McCarthy, Carol A; Faisal, Waleed; O'Shea, Joseph P; Murphy, Colm; Ahern, Robert J; Ryan, Katie B; Griffin, Brendan T; Crean, Abina M

    2017-01-27

    Drug release from mesoporous silica systems has been widely investigated in vitro using USP Type II (paddle) dissolution apparatus. However, it is not clear if the observed enhanced in vitro dissolution can forecast drug bioavailability in vivo. In this study, the ability of different in vitro dissolution models to predict in vivo oral bioavailability in a pig model was examined. The fenofibrate-loaded mesoporous silica formulation was compared directly to a commercial reference product, Lipantil Supra®. Three in vitro dissolution methods were considered; USP Type II (paddle) apparatus, USP Type IV (flow-through cell) apparatus and a USP IV Transfer model (incorporating a SGF to FaSSIF-V2 media transfer). In silico modelling, using a physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling and simulation software package (Gastroplus™), to generate in vitro/in vivo relationships, was also investigated. The study demonstrates that the in vitro dissolution performance of a mesoporous silica formulation varies depending on the dissolution apparatus utilised and experimental design. The findings show that the USP IV transfer model was the best predictor of in vivo bioavailability. The USP Type II (paddle) apparatus was not effective at forecasting in vivo behaviour. This observation is likely due to hydrodynamic differences between the two apparatus and the ability of the transfer model to better simulate gastrointestinal transit. The transfer model is advantageous in forecasting in vivo behaviour for formulations which promote drug supersaturation and as a result are prone to precipitation to a more energetically favourable, less soluble form. The USP IV transfer model could prove useful in future mesoporous silica formulation development. In silico modelling has the potential to assist in this process. However, further investigation is required to overcome the limitations of the model for solubility enhancing formulations.

  5. Effects of Mesoporous Silica Coating and Post-Synthetic Treatment on the Transverse Relaxivity of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Hurley, Katie R.; Lin, Yu-Shen; Zhang, Jinjin; Egger, Sam M.; Haynes, Christy L.

    2013-01-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have the capacity to load and deliver therapeutic cargo and incorporate imaging modalities, making them prominent candidates for theranostic devices. One of the most widespread imaging agents utilized in this and other theranostic platforms is nanoscale superparamagnetic iron oxide. Although several core-shell magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles presented in the literature have provided high T2 contrast in vitro and in vivo, there is ambiguity surrounding which parameters lead to enhanced contrast. Additionally, there is a need to understand the behavior of these imaging agents over time in biologically relevant environments. Herein, we present a systematic analysis of how the transverse relaxivity (r2) of magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles is influenced by nanoparticle diameter, iron oxide nanoparticle core synthesis, and the use of a hydrothermal treatment. This work demonstrates that samples which did not undergo a hydrothermal treatment experienced a drop in r2 (75% of original r2 within 8 days of water storage), while samples with hydrothermal treatment maintained roughly the same r2 for over 30 days in water. Our results suggest that iron oxide oxidation is the cause of the r2 loss, and this oxidation can be prevented both during synthesis and storage by the use of deoxygenated conditions during nanoparticle synthesis. The hydrothermal treatment also provides colloidal stability, even in acidic and highly salted solutions, and a resistance against acid degradation of the iron oxide nanoparticle core. The results of this study show the promise of multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles but will also likely inspire further investigation into multiples types of theranostic devices, taking into consideration their behavior over time and in relevant biological environments. PMID:23814377

  6. Mesoporous silica materials modified with alumina polycations as catalysts for the synthesis of dimethyl ether from methanol

    SciTech Connect

    Macina, Daniel; Piwowarska, Zofia; Tarach, Karolina; Góra-Marek, Kinga; Ryczkowski, Janusz; Chmielarz, Lucjan

    2016-02-15

    Highlights: • Deposition of alumina ologoctaions on mesoporous silicas modified with surface −SO{sub 3}H groups. • Alumina aggregates generated acid properties in the silica supports. • Alumina modified SBA-15 and MCF were active and selective catalysts in DME synthesis. - Abstract: Mesoporous silica materials (SBA-15 and MCF) were used as catalytic supports for the deposition of aggregated alumina species using the method consisting of the following steps: (i) anchoring 3-(mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) on the silica surface followed by (ii) oxidation of −SH to−SO{sub 3}H groups and then (iii) deposition of aluminum Keggin oligocations by ion-exchange method and (iv) calcination. The obtained samples were tested as catalysts for synthesis of dimethyl ether from methanol. The modified silicas were characterized with respect to the ordering of their porous structure (XRD), textural properties (BET), chemical composition (EDS, CHNS), structure ({sup 27}Al NMR, FTIR) and location of alumina species (EDX-TEM), surface acidity (NH{sub 3}-TPD, Py-FTIR) and thermal stability (TGA). The obtained materials were found to be active and selective catalysts for methanol dehydration to dimethyl ether (DME) in the MTD process (methanol-to-dimethyl ether).

  7. Self-Templating Construction of 3D Hierarchical Macro-/Mesoporous Silicon from 0D Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Zuo, Xiuxia; Xia, Yonggao; Ji, Qing; Gao, Xiang; Yin, Shanshan; Wang, Meimei; Wang, Xiaoyan; Qiu, Bao; Wei, Anxiang; Sun, Zaicheng; Liu, Zhaoping; Zhu, Jin; Cheng, Ya-Jun

    2017-01-24

    Porous silicon has found wide applications in many different fields including catalysis and lithium-ion batteries. Three-dimensional hierarchical macro-/mesoporous silicon is synthesized from zero-dimensional Stöber silica particles through a facile and scalable magnesiothermic reduction process. By systematic structure characterization of the macro-/mesoporous silicon, a self-templating mechanism governing the formation of the porous silicon is proposed. Applications as lithium-ion battery anode and photocatalytic hydrogen evolution catalyst are demonstrated. It is found that the macro-/mesoporous silicon shows significantly improved cyclic and rate performance over the commercial nanosized and micrometer-sized silicon particles. After 300 cycles at 0.2 A g(-1), the reversible specific capacity is still retained as much as 959 mAh g(-1) with a high mass loading density of 1.4 mg cm(-2). With the large current density of 2 A g(-1), a reversible capacity of 632 mAh g(-1) is exhibited. The coexistence of both macro- and mesoporous structures is responsible for the enhanced performance. The macro-/mesoporous silicon also shows superior catalytic performance for photocatalytic hydrogen evolution compared to the silicon nanoparticles.

  8. Core-shell microcapsules of solid lipid nanoparticles and mesoporous silica for enhanced oral delivery of curcumin.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sanghoon; Diab, Roudayna; Joubert, Olivier; Canilho, Nadia; Pasc, Andreea

    2016-04-01

    Newly designed microcapsules (MC) combining a core of solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) and a mesoporous silica shell have been developed and explored as oral delivery system of curcumin (CU). CU-loaded MC (MC-CU) are 2 μm sized and have a mesoporous silica shell of 0.3 μm thickness with a wormlike structure as characterized by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), nitrogen adsorption/desorption and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. It was found that SLN acts as reservoir of curcumin while the mesoporous shell insures the protection and the controlled release of the drug. MC-CU displayed a pH-dependent in vitro release profile with marked drug retention at pH 2.8. Neutral red uptake assay together with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) showed a good cell tolerance to MC-CU at relatively high concentration of inert materials. Besides, the cell-uptake test revealed that fluorescent-MC were well internalized into Caco-2 cells, confirming the possibility to use MC for gut cells targeting. These findings suggest that organic core-silica shell microcapsules are promising drug delivery systems with enhanced bioavailability for poorly soluble drugs.

  9. Mesoporous silica sub-micron spheres as drug dissolution enhancers: Influence of drug and matrix chemistry on functionality and stability.

    PubMed

    Brigo, Laura; Scomparin, Elisa; Galuppo, Marco; Capurso, Giovanni; Ferlin, Maria Grazia; Bello, Valentina; Realdon, Nicola; Brusatin, Giovanna; Morpurgo, Margherita

    2016-02-01

    Mesoporous silica particles prepared through a simplified Stöber method and low temperature solvent promoted surfactant removal are evaluated as dissolution enhancers for poorly soluble compounds, using a powerful anticancer agent belonging to pyrroloquinolinones as a model for anticancer oral therapy, and anti-inflammatory ibuprofen as a reference compound. Mesoporous powders composed of either pure silica or silica modified with aminopropyl residues are produced. The influence of material composition and drug chemical properties on drug loading capability and dissolution enhancement are studied. The two types of particles display similar size, surface area, porosity, erodibility, drug loading capability and stability. An up to 50% w/w drug loading is reached, showing correlation between drug concentration in adsorption medium and content in the final powder. Upon immersion in simulating body fluids, immediate drug dissolution occurred, allowing acceptor solutions to reach concentrations equal to or greater than drug saturation limits. The matrix composition influenced drug solution maximal concentration, complementing the dissolution enhancement generated by a mesoporous structure. This effect was found to depend on both matrix and drug chemical properties allowing us to hypothesise general prediction behaviour rules.

  10. Formation of a long-lived electron-transfer state in mesoporous silica-alumina composites enhances photocatalytic oxygenation reactivity

    PubMed Central

    Fukuzumi, Shunichi; Doi, Kaoru; Itoh, Akinori; Suenobu, Tomoyoshi; Ohkubo, Kei; Yamada, Yusuke; Karlin, Kenneth D.

    2012-01-01

    A simple donor-acceptor linked dyad, 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium ion (Acr+-Mes) was incorporated into nanosized mesoporous silica-alumina to form a composite, which in acetonitrile is highly dispersed. In this medium, upon visible light irradiation, the formation of an extremely long-lived electron-transfer state (Acr•-Mes•+) was confirmed by EPR and laser flash photolysis spectroscopic methods. The composite of Acr+-Mes-incorporated mesoporous silica-alumina with an added copper complex [(tmpa)CuII] (tmpa = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine) acts as an efficient and robust photocatalyst for the selective oxygenation of p-xylene by molecular oxygen to produce p-tolualdehyde and hydrogen peroxide. Thus, incorporation of Acr+-Mes into nanosized mesoporous silica-alumina combined with an O2-reduction catalyst ([(tmpa)CuII]2+) provides a promising method in the development of efficient and robust organic photocatalysts for substrate oxygenation by dioxygen, the ultimate environmentally benign oxidant. PMID:22543164

  11. o-Vanillin functionalized mesoporous silica - coated magnetite nanoparticles for efficient removal of Pb(II) from water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Culita, Daniela C.; Simonescu, Claudia Maria; Patescu, Rodica-Elena; Dragne, Mioara; Stanica, Nicolae; Oprea, Ovidiu

    2016-06-01

    o-Vanillin functionalized mesoporous silica - coated magnetite (Fe3O4@MCM-41-N-oVan) was synthesized and fully characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption technique and magnetic measurements. The capacity of Fe3O4@MCM-41-N-oVan to adsorb Pb(II) from aqueous solutions was evaluated in comparison with raw mesoporous silica - coated magnetite (Fe3O4@MCM-41) and amino - modified mesoporous silica coated magnetite (Fe3O4@MCM-41-NH2). The effect of adsorption process parameters such us pH, contact time, initial Pb(II) concentration was also investigated. The adsorption data were successfully fitted with the Langmuir model, exhibiting a maximum adsorption capacity of 155.71 mg/g at pH=4.4 and T=298 K. The results revealed that the adsorption rate was very high at the beginning of the adsorption process, 80-90% of the total amount of Pb(II) being removed within the first 60 min, depending on the initial concentration. The results of the present work suggest that Fe3O4@MCM-41-N-oVan is a suitable candidate for the separation of Pb(II) from contaminated water.

  12. Fabrication of Meso-Porous Sintered Metal Thin Films by Selective Etching of Silica Based Sacrificial Template

    PubMed Central

    Dumée, Ludovic F.; She, Fenghua; Duke, Mikel; Gray, Stephen; Hodgson, Peter; Kong, Lingxue

    2014-01-01

    Meso-porous metal materials have enhanced surface energies offering unique surface properties with potential applications in chemical catalysis, molecular sensing and selective separation. In this paper, commercial 20 nm diameter metal nano-particles, including silver and copper were blended with 7 nm silica nano-particles by shear mixing. The resulted powders were cold-sintered to form dense, hybrid thin films. The sacrificial silica template was then removed by selective etching in 12 wt% hydrofluoric acid solutions for 15 min to reveal a purely metallic meso-porous thin film material. The impact of the initial silica nano-particle diameter (7–20 nm) as well as the sintering pressure (5–20 ton·m−2) and etching conditions on the morphology and properties of the final nano-porous thin films were investigated by porometry, pyknometery, gas and liquid permeation and electron microscopy. Furthermore, the morphology of the pores and particle aggregation during shear mixing were assessed through cross-sectioning by focus ion beam milling. It is demonstrated that meso-pores ranging between 50 and 320 nm in average diameter and porosities up to 47% can be successfully formed for the range of materials tested.

  13. Synthesis of amino acid block-copolymer imprinted chiral mesoporous silica and its acoustically-induced optical Kerr effects

    SciTech Connect

    Paik, Pradip; Mastai, Yitzhak; Kityk, Iwan; Rakus, Piort; Gedanken, Aharon

    2012-08-15

    Chiral mesoporous SiO{sub 2} (CMS) have been synthesized and studied the Acoustically-Induced Optical Kerr Effects (AIOKE) and the results have been compared with non-chiral mesoporous silica. The CMS with controllable pore sizes (of {approx}3 nm) and high surface areas of ca. 650 m{sup 2}g{sup -1} was synthesized by mimicking the intrinsic chirality of the amino acid block copolymers. The chiral mesoporous materials were characterized through HRTEM, BET, small-angle XRD, {sup 29}Si-NMR and circular dichroism. AIOKE measurements have been performed using an Er:glass 20 ns laser with a 10 Hz frequency repetition. The optimal AIOKE results of the CMS were achieved for 9.7% of the chromophore in the matrices. We found that the AIOKE for the CMS mimicked with chiral block copolymers is quite high compared to the non-chiral SiO{sub 2}. A difference in AIOKE for these two compounds is observed, enabling CMS that can be used for the design of the acoustically-operated quantum electronic devices. - Graphical abstract: Novel chiral mesoporous SiO{sub 2} (CMS) is showing Acoustically-Induced Optical Kerr Effects (AIOKE). Different in AIOKE of two mesoporous materials is observed, enabling CMS can be used for the design of the acoustically-operated quantum electronic devices.Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chiral mesoporous SiO{sub 2} (CMS) synthesized with amino acid block copolymers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Acoustically-induced Optical Kerr Effects (AIOKE) of chiral mesoporous SiO{sub 2} studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer AIOKE very high for CMS compared to non chiral SiO{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CMS can be used in acoustically-operated quantum electronic devices.

  14. One-Pot Approach to Prepare Organo-silica Hybrid Capillary Monolithic Column with Intact Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle as Building Block

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Shengju; Peng, Jiaxi; Liu, Zheyi; Liu, Zhongshan; Zhang, Hongyan; Wu, Ren’an

    2016-01-01

    A facile “one-pot” approach to prepare organo-silica hybrid capillary monolithic column with intact mesoporous silica nanoparticle (IMSN) as crosslinker and building block was described. An IMSN crosslinked octadecyl-silica hybrid capillary monolithic column (IMSN-C18 monolithic column) was successfully prepared, and the effects of fabrication conditions (e.g. concentration of intact mesoporous silica nanoparticle, polycondensation temperature, content of vinyltrimethoxysilane and stearyl methacrylate) on the structures of the IMSN-C18 monolithic column were studied in detail. The IMSN-C18 hybrid monolithic column possessed uniform morphology, good mechanical and pH stability (pH 1.1–11), which was applied to the separations of alkyl benzenes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as well as proteins. The minimum plate height of 10.5 μm (corresponding to 95000 N m−1) for butylbenzene and high reproducibility were achieved. The analysis of tryptic digest of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was carried out on the IMSN-C18 monolithic column by cLC coupled mass spectrometry (cLC-MS/MS), with the protein sequence coverage of 87.5% for BSA, demonstrating its potential application in proteomics. PMID:27698475

  15. Understanding the synthesis of mesoporous silica particles by evaporation induced self assembly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rathod, Shailendra B.

    2007-12-01

    Evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) of amphiphilic molecules within aerosol droplets is an attractive method for synthesis of mesoporous silica particles. The aim of this research was to demonstrate synthetic methodologies to develop novel particle architectures using this technique, and to understand the influence of the competing dynamics within an evaporating droplet undergoing EISA on the particle morphology and mesostructure. Experiments were conducted to control particle characteristics. Particle size and distribution was varied by varying the size and distribution of starting droplets. The compressed gas atomizer, TSI 3076, gave a roughly micron-sized droplets with a polydisperse population, whereas the vibrating orifice aerosol generator (VOAG), TSI 3450, gave a highly monodisperse droplet population when orifices of diameters 10 mum and 20 mum were used. The mesopore size and mesostructure ordering were varied by employing amphiphiles of different geometry and by the use of 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene, a pore-swelling agent. The extent of ordering was influenced by factors that govern the rates of reactions of the silica precursors relative to the rates of amphiphile self-assembly. These factors included acid concentration, the alkyl group in the tetraalkoxysilane precursor, the time for which the sol was aged before droplet generation, and CTAB/Si ratio in the starting sol. Experiments and simulation studies were carried out for particles made using CTAB as the templating agent and TMB as a pore-swelling agent. Analysis of these experiments was used to get insight into the three main dynamic processes occurring inside these droplets: evaporation of the volatile species, amphiphile self-assembly and phase transformation, and hydrolysis and condensation reactions of the silica precursor species. Pore swelling was observed for particles made using the VOAG. Particles made using the 10 mum orifice retained their hexagonal mesostructure upon addition of TMB in

  16. Targeted delivery of doxorubicin to mitochondria using mesoporous silica nanoparticle nanocarriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qu, Qiuyu; Ma, Xing; Zhao, Yanli

    2015-10-01

    A lot of investigations have been conducted using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) functionalized with different targeting ligands in order to deliver various hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs to targeted cancer cells. However, the utilization of MSNPs to deliver drug molecules to targeted subcellular organelles has been rarely reported. In this work, we applied targeting ligand-conjugated MSNPs with an average diameter of 80 nm to deliver the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) to mitochondria. Triphenoylphosphonium (TPP) was functionalized on MSNPs as a mitochondria targeting ligand. Mitochondria targeting efficiency was demonstrated in HeLa cells by a co-localization study of mitochondria and functionalized MSNPs as well as by fluorescence analysis in isolated mitochondria. In addition, enhanced cancer cell killing efficacy was achieved when using DOX-loaded and TPP-functionalized MSNPs for mitochondria-targeted delivery. Lowered adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential were observed, demonstrating the mitochondria dysfunction caused by delivered DOX. The positive results indicate promising application potential of MSNPs in targeted subcellular drug delivery.A lot of investigations have been conducted using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) functionalized with different targeting ligands in order to deliver various hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs to targeted cancer cells. However, the utilization of MSNPs to deliver drug molecules to targeted subcellular organelles has been rarely reported. In this work, we applied targeting ligand-conjugated MSNPs with an average diameter of 80 nm to deliver the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) to mitochondria. Triphenoylphosphonium (TPP) was functionalized on MSNPs as a mitochondria targeting ligand. Mitochondria targeting efficiency was demonstrated in HeLa cells by a co-localization study of mitochondria and functionalized MSNPs as well as by fluorescence analysis

  17. Biosafety evaluations of well-dispersed mesoporous silica nanoparticles: towards in vivo-relevant conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Tsang-Pai; Wu, Si-Han; Chen, Yi-Ping; Chou, Chih-Ming; Chen, Chien-Tsu

    2015-04-01

    This study aimed to investigate how mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), especially focussing on their surface functional groups, interacted with Raw 264.7 macrophages, as well as with zebrafish embryos. Upon introducing nanoparticles into a biological milieu, adsorption of proteins and biomolecules onto the nanoparticle surface usually progresses rapidly. Nanoparticles bound with proteins can result in physiological and pathological changes, but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In order to evaluate how protein corona affected MSNs and the subsequent cellular immune responses, we experimented in both serum and serum-deprived conditions. Our findings indicated that the level of p-p38 was significantly elevated by the positively charged MSNs, whereas negatively charged MSNs resulted in marked ROS production. Most significantly, our experiments demonstrated that the presence of protein efficiently mitigated the potential nano-hazard. On the other hand, strongly positively charged MSNs caused 94% of the zebrafish embryos to die. In that case, the toxicity caused by the quaternary ammonium ligands on the surface of those nanoparticles was exerted in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, these fundamental studies here provide valuable insights into the design of better biocompatible nanomaterials in the future.This study aimed to investigate how mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), especially focussing on their surface functional groups, interacted with Raw 264.7 macrophages, as well as with zebrafish embryos. Upon introducing nanoparticles into a biological milieu, adsorption of proteins and biomolecules onto the nanoparticle surface usually progresses rapidly. Nanoparticles bound with proteins can result in physiological and pathological changes, but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In order to evaluate how protein corona affected MSNs and the subsequent cellular immune responses, we experimented in both serum and serum-deprived conditions. Our

  18. Cytotoxicity of various types of gold-mesoporous silica nanoparticles in human breast cancer cells.

    PubMed

    Liu, Guomu; Li, Qiongshu; Ni, Weihua; Zhang, Nannan; Zheng, Xiao; Wang, Yingshuai; Shao, Dan; Tai, Guixiang

    2015-01-01

    Recently, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have shown promising biological applications due to their unique electronic and optical properties. However, the potential toxicity of AuNPs remains a major hurdle that impedes their use in clinical settings. Mesoporous silica is very suitable for the use as a coating material for AuNPs and might not only reduce the cytotoxicity of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-coated AuNPs but might also facilitate the loading and delivery of drugs. Herein, three types of rod-like gold-mesoporous silica nanoparticles (termed bare AuNPs, core-shell Au@mSiO2NPs, and Janus Au@mSiO2NPs) were specially designed, and the effects of these AuNPs on cellular uptake, toxic behavior, and mechanism were then systematically studied. Our results indicate that bare AuNPs exerted higher toxicity than the Au@mSiO2NPs and that Janus Au@mSiO2NPs exhibited the lowest toxicity in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells, consistent with the endocytosis capacity of the nanoparticles, which followed the order, bare AuNPs > core-shell Au@mSiO2NPs > Janus Au@mSiO2NPs. More importantly, the AuNPs-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells exhibited features that were characteristic of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation, an enhanced Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio, and loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential. Simultaneously, cytochrome c was released from mitochondria, and the caspase-3/9 cascade was activated. Moreover, both ROS scavenger (N-acetylcysteine) and JNK inhibitor (SP600125) partly blocked the induction of apoptosis in all AuNPs-treated cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that all AuNPs induce apoptosis through the ROS-/JNK-mediated mitochondrial pathway. Thus, Janus Au@mSiO2NPs exhibit the potential for applications in biomedicine, thus aiding the clinical translation of AuNPs.

  19. Self-propelled micromotors based on Au-mesoporous silica nanorods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Ying-Shuai; Xia, Hong; Lv, Chao; Wang, Lei; Dong, Wen-Fei; Feng, Jing; Sun, Hong-Bo

    2015-07-01

    Here, a chemical powered micromotor from the assembly of Au-SiO2 nanorods is presented. This new micromotor can be propelled efficiently by hydrogen bubbles generated from a hydrolysis reaction of aqueous NaBH4 and KBH4 and by oxygen bubbles produced by decomposition of H2O2. The monodisperse Au nanoparticles in mesoporous silica particles could catalyze the decomposition of two different kinds of fuels and produce bubbles. High speeds of 80 μm s-1 and recycles of more than 30 times are achieved in both NaBH4 and H2O2 media. Locomotion and rolling forms of movement were found. The locomotion forms can be obtained in a larger proportion by patterning the Au-SiO2 nanorods and a PDMS membrane. These micromotors that use multiple fuel sources to power them offer a broader scope of preparation and show considerable promise for diverse applications of nanomotors in different chemical environments.Here, a chemical powered micromotor from the assembly of Au-SiO2 nanorods is presented. This new micromotor can be propelled efficiently by hydrogen bubbles generated from a hydrolysis reaction of aqueous NaBH4 and KBH4 and by oxygen bubbles produced by decomposition of H2O2. The monodisperse Au nanoparticles in mesoporous silica particles could catalyze the decomposition of two different kinds of fuels and produce bubbles. High speeds of 80 μm s-1 and recycles of more than 30 times are achieved in both NaBH4 and H2O2 media. Locomotion and rolling forms of movement were found. The locomotion forms can be obtained in a larger proportion by patterning the Au-SiO2 nanorods and a PDMS membrane. These micromotors that use multiple fuel sources to power them offer a broader scope of preparation and show considerable promise for diverse applications of nanomotors in different chemical environments. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: More electronic microscopy graphs, UV-Vis spectra and N2 adsorption isotherms. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr02545a

  20. pH- and photo-switched release of guest molecules from mesoporous silica supports.

    PubMed

    Aznar, Elena; Marcos, Ma Dolores; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Sancenón, Félix; Soto, Juan; Amorós, Pedro; Guillem, Carmen

    2009-05-20

    This paper proposes a new nanoscopic molecular movable gate-like functional hybrid system consisting of nanoscopic MCM-41-based material functionalized onto pore outlets with a saccharide derivative capable of interacting with boronic acid functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) acting as nanoscopic caps. The gating mechanism involves the reversible reaction between polyalcohols and boronic acids to form boronate esters. Functionalized AuNPs thus act as a suitable nanoscopic cap via the reversible formation of the corresponding boroester bonds with the saccharide derivative anchored on the external surface of the mesoporous silica-based solid. The developed platform operates in aqueous solution and can be triggered by two simple external stimuli such as pH changes or light. The hydrolysis of the boroester bond takes place at pH 3, which results in rapid delivery of the safranine cargo from the pore voids into the aqueous solution. However, at pH 5 the pores are capped with nanoparticles and the delivery is strongly inhibited. The kinetics of the delivery was studied at pH = 3, assuming a simple diffusion process and that the kinetics of guest release from the pore voids of the hybrid material can be explained by the Higuchi model. It is possible to deliver the cargo in small portions by carrying out on-off aperture cycles via changing the pH from 3 to 5. AuNPs also open the possibility of employing light as a suitable stimulus for release procedures using the AuNPs' capacity for raising their temperature locally by absorption of laser light. The plasmonic heating using a Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm results in the cleavage of the boronic ester linkage that anchors the nanoparticles to the surface of the mesoporous silica-based material, allowing the release of the entrapped guests. Further studies also demonstrated that it is possible to fine-tune the amount of cargo delivered by simply controlling the laser irradiation opening the possibility to designing laser

  1. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a breast cancer targeting contrast agent for ultrasound imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milgroom, Andrew Carson

    Current clinical use of ultrasound for breast cancer diagnostics is strictly limited to a role as a supplementary detection method to other modalities, such as mammography or MRI. A major reason for ultrasound’s role as a secondary method is its inability to discern between cancerous and non-cancerous bodies of similar density, like dense calcifications or benign fibroadenomas. Its detection capabilities are further diminished by the variable density of the surrounding breast tissue with the progression of age. Preliminary studies suggest that mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are a good candidate as an in situ contrast agent for ultrasound. By tagging the silica particle surface with the cancer-targeting antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin), suspect regions of interest can be better identified in real time with standard ultrasound equipment. Once the silica-antibody conjugate is injected into the bloodstream and enters the cancerous growth’s vasculature, the antibody arm will bind to HER2, a cell surface receptor known to be dysfunctional or overexpressed in certain types of breast cancer. As more particles aggregate at the cell surface, backscatter of the ultrasonic waves increases as a result of the higher porous silica concentration. This translates to an increased contrast around the lesion boundary. Tumor detection through ultrasound contrast enhancement provides a tremendous advantage over current cancer diagnostics because is it significantly cheaper and can be monitored in real time. Characterization of MCM-41 type MSNs suggests that these particles have sufficient stability and particle size distribution to penetrate through fenestrated tumor vasculature and accumulate in HER2+ breast cancer cells through the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect. A study of acoustic properties showed that particle concentration is linearly correlated to image contrast in clinical frequency-range ultrasound, although less pronounced than typical microbubble

  2. Evaluation of dysprosia aerogels as drug delivery systems: a comparative study with random and ordered mesoporous silicas.

    PubMed

    Bang, Abhishek; Sadekar, Anand G; Buback, Clayton; Curtin, Brice; Acar, Selin; Kolasinac, Damir; Yin, Wei; Rubenstein, David A; Lu, Hongbing; Leventis, Nicholas; Sotiriou-Leventis, Chariklia

    2014-04-09

    Biocompatible dysprosia aerogels were synthesized from DyCl3·6H2O and were reinforced mechanically with a conformal nano-thin-polyurea coating applied over their skeletal framework. The random mesoporous space of dysprosia aerogels was filled up to about 30% v/v with paracetamol, indomethacin, or insulin, and the drug release rate was monitored spectrophotometrically in phosphate buffer (pH = 7.4) or 0.1 M aqueous HCl. The drug uptake and release study was conducted comparatively with polyurea-crosslinked random silica aerogels, as well as with as-prepared (native) and polyurea-crosslinked mesoporous silica perforated with ordered 7 nm tubes in hexagonal packing. Drug uptake from random nanostructures (silica or dysprosia) was higher (30-35% w/w) and the release rate was slower (typically >20 h) relative to ordered silica (19-21% w/w, <1.5 h, respectively). Drug release data from dysprosia aerogels were fitted with a flux equation consisting of three additive terms that correspond to drug stored successively in three hierarchical pore sites on the skeletal framework. The high drug uptake and slow release from dysprosia aerogels, in combination with their low toxicity, strong paramagnetism, and the possibility for neutron activation render those materials attractive multifunctional vehicles for site-specific drug delivery.

  3. Confinement of a bioinspired nonheme Fe(II) complex in 2D hexagonal mesoporous silica with metal site isolation.

    PubMed

    Jollet, Véronique; Albela, Belén; Sénéchal-David, Katell; Jégou, Pascale; Kolodziej, Emilie; Sainton, Joëlle; Bonneviot, Laurent; Banse, Frédéric

    2013-08-28

    A mixed amine pyridine polydentate Fe(II) complex was covalently tethered in hexagonal mesoporous silica of the MCM-41 type. Metal site isolation was generated using adsorbed tetramethylammonium cations acting as a patterned silanol protecting mask and trimethylsilylazane as a capping agent. Then, the amine/pyridine ligand bearing a tethering triethoxysilane group was either grafted to such a pretreated silica surface prior to or after complexation to Fe(II). These two synthetic routes, denoted as two-step and one-step, respectively, were also applied to fumed silica for comparison, except that the silanol groups were capped after tethering the metal unit. The coordination of the targeted complex was monitored using UV-visible spectrophotometry and, according to XPS, the best control was achieved inside the channels of the mesoporous silica for the two-step route. For the solid prepared according to the one-step route, tethering of the complex occurred mainly at the entrance of the channel.

  4. Synthesis of double mesoporous core-shell silica spheres with tunable core porosity and their drug release and cancer cell apoptosis properties.

    PubMed

    El-Toni, Ahmed Mohamed; Khan, Aslam; Ibrahim, Mohamed Abbas; Labis, Joselito Puzon; badr, Gamal; Al-Hoshan, Mansour; Yin, Shu; Sato, Tsugio

    2012-07-15

    In this work, we demonstrate a simple two-pot approach to double mesoporous core-shell silica spheres (DMCSSs) with uniform size of 245-790 nm, shell thickness of 41-80 nm and surface area and total pore volume of 141-618 m(2) g(-1) and 0.14-0.585 cc g(-1), respectively. First, solid silica spherical particles were synthesized by the Stöber method and used as a core. Second, a mesoporous shell could be formed around the silica cores by using an anionic surfactant and a co-structure directing agent. It was found that mesopores can be anchored within dense silica cores during mesoporous silica shell formation, synchronously the base group with surfactant assistant can etch the dense silica cores to re-organize new mesostructure, so that double mesoporous core-shell silica sphere (DMCSS) structure can be obtained by a single surfactant-templating step. The spherical size and porosity of the silica cores of DMCSS together with shell thickness can be tuned by controlling Stöber parameters, including the concentrations of ammonia, solvent and tetraethoxysilane and the reaction time. DMCSS were loaded with ketoprofen and thymoquinone, which are an anti-inflammatory and a potential novel anti-cancer drug, respectively. Both drugs showed controlled release behavior from the pores of DMCSS. Drug uptakes within DMCSS were ~27 and 81 wt.% for ketoprofen and thymoquinone, respectively. Furthermore, DMCSS loaded with thymoquinone was more effective in inducing cancer cell apoptosis than uncontained thymoquinone, because of the slow release of the drug from the mesoporous structure.

  5. Investigation of heterogeneous asymmetric dihydroxylation over OsO{sub 4}-(QN){sub 2}PHAL catalysts of functionalized bimodal mesoporous silica with ionic liquid

    SciTech Connect

    Qiu, Shenjie; Sun, Jihong; Li, Yuzhen; Gao, Lin

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: {yields} Functionalized bimodal mesoporous silica with MTMSPIm{sup +}Cl{sup -}. {yields} Mesoporous catalyst immobilized with OsO{sub 4}-(QN){sub 2}PHAL. {yields} Catalysts for asymmetric dihydroxylation reaction with high yield and enatioselectivity. {yields} Recyclable catalysts. -- Abstract: A novel synthesis of the functionalized bimodal mesoporous silica with ionic liquid (FBMMs) was performed. After grafting 1-methyl-3-(trimethoxysilyl)propylimidazolium chloride onto the surface of bimodal mesoporous silicas, 1,4-bis(9-O-quininyl)phthalazine ((QN){sub 2}-PHAL) and K{sub 2}Os(OH){sub 4}.2H{sub 2}O were immobilized onto the modified FBMMs by adsorption or ionic exchange methods, and then, the asymmetric dihydroxylation reaction was carried out by using solid catalysts. Techniques such as X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, N{sub 2} adsorption and desorption were employed to characterize their structure and properties. The results showed that the mesoporous ordering degree of bimodal mesoporous silica decreased after functionalization and immobilization of OsO{sub 4}-(QN){sub 2}PHAL. Being very effective in asymmetric dihydroxylation with high yield and enantioselectivity, the prepared heterogeneous solid catalyst could be recycled for five times with little loss of enantioselectivity, with comparison of those results obtained in homophase system. Moreover, the effect of Osmium catalyst on asymmetric dihydroxylation was investigated.

  6. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a breast-cancer targeting ultrasound contrast agent

    PubMed Central

    Milgroom, Andrew; Intrator, Miranda; Madhavan, Krishna; Mazzaro, Luciano; Shandas, Robin; Liu, Bolin; Park, Daewon

    2014-01-01

    Ultrasound (US) is used widely in the context of breast cancer. While it is advantageous for a number of reasons, it has low specificity and requires the use of a contrast agent. Its use as a standalone diagnostic and real-time imaging modality could be achieved by development of a tumor-targeted ultrasound contrast agent (UCA); functionalizing the UCA with a tumor-targeting agent would also allow the targeted administration of anti-cancer drugs at the tumor site. In this article, clinical US techniques are used to show that mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), functionalized with the monoclonal antibody Herceptin®, can be used as an effective UCA by increasing US image contrast. Furthermore, in vitro assays show the successful localization and binding of the MSN-Herceptin conjugate to HER2+ cancer cells, resulting in tumor-specific cytotoxicity. These results demonstrate the potential of MSNs as a stable, biocompatible, and effective therapeutic and diagnostic (“theranostic”) agent for US-based breast cancer imaging, diagnosis, and treatment. PMID:24269054

  7. Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone and catechol at gold nanoparticles mesoporous silica modified carbon paste electrode.

    PubMed

    Tashkhourian, J; Daneshi, M; Nami-Ana, F; Behbahani, M; Bagheri, A

    2016-11-15

    A new electrochemical sensor based on gold nanoparticles mesoporous silica modified carbon paste electrode (AuNPs-MPS) was developed for simultaneous determination of hydroquinone and catechol. Morphology and structure of the AuNPs-MPS were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The electrochemical behavior of hydroquinone and catechol were investigated using square wave voltammetry and the results indicate that the electrochemical responses are improved significantly at the modified electrode. The observed oxidative peaks separation of about 120mV made possible the simultaneous determination of hydroquinone and catechol in their binary-mixture. Under the optimized condition, a linear dynamic range of 10.0μM-1.0mM range for hydroquinone with the detection limit of 1.2μM and from 30.0μM-1.0mM for catechol with the detection limit of 1.1μM were obtained. The applicability of the method was demonstrated by the recovery studies of hydroquinone and catechol in spiked tap water samples.

  8. In vitro release of organophosphorus acid anhydrolase from functionalized mesoporous silica against nerve agents.

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Baowei; Shah, Saumil S.; Shin, Yongsoon; Lei, Chenghong; Liu, Jun

    2011-10-02

    We report here that under different physiological conditions, biomolecular drugs can be stockpiled in a nanoporous support and afterward can be instantly released when needed for acute responses, and the biomolecular drug molecules can also be gradually released from the nanoporous support over a long time for a complete recovery. Organophosphorus acid anhydrolase (OPAA) was spontaneously and largely entrapped in functionalized mesoporous silica (FMS) due to the dominant electrostatic interaction. The OPAA-FMS composite exhibited a burst release in a pH 9.0 NaHCO(3)-Na(2)CO(3) buffer system and a gradual release in pH 7.4 simulated body fluid. The binding of OPAA to NH(2)-FMS can result in less tyrosinyl and tryptophanyl exposure OPAA molecules to aqueous environment. The bound OPAA in FMS displayed lower activity than the free OPAA in solution prior to the enzyme entrapment. However, the released enzyme maintained the native conformational structure and the same high enzymatic activity as that prior to the enzyme entrapment. The in vitro results in the rabbit serum demonstrate that both OPAA-FMS and the released OPAA may be used as a medical countermeasure against the organophosphorus nerve agents.

  9. In vitro release of organophosphorus acid anhydrolase from functionalized mesoporous silica against nerve agents

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Baowei; Shah, Saumil S.; Shin, Yongsoon; Lei, Chenghong; Liu, Jun

    2011-01-01

    We report here that under different physiological conditions, biomolecular drugs can be stockpiled in a nanoporous support and afterwards can be instantly released when needed for acute responses, and the biomolecular drug molecules can also be gradually released from the nanoporous support over a long time for a complete recovery. Organophosphorus acid anhydrolase (OPAA) was spontaneously and largely entrapped in functionalized mesoporous silica (FMS) due to the dominant electrostatic interaction. The OPAA-FMS composite exhibited a burst release in pH 9.0, NaHCO3-Na2CO3 buffer system and a gradual release in pH 7.4, simulated body fluid. The binding of OPAA to NH2-FMS can result in less Trp exposure of OPAA molecules to aqueous environment. The bound OPAA in FMS displayed lower activity than the free OPAA in solution prior to the enzyme entrapment. However, the released enzyme still displayed the native conformational structure and the same high enzymatic activity as that prior to the enzyme entrapment. The in vitro results in the rabbit serum demonstrate that both OPAA-FMS and the released OPAA may be used as the medical measures against the organophosphorus nerve agents. PMID:22019765

  10. New method for quantification of dye sorption using SBA mesoporous silica as a target sorbent.

    PubMed

    Nesic, Aleksandra R; Kokunesoski, Maja J; Volkov-Husovic, Tatjana D; Velickovic, Sava J

    2016-03-01

    In this work, a new method for the quantification of methyl violet cationic dye sorption onto SBA-15 mesoporous silica was developed. This method related the intensity of coloration of SBA-15 samples (after reached equilibrium sorption) within dye concentration in aqueous solution using Image-Pro Plus software. The sorption process of methyl violet dye onto SBA-15 was analyzed varying different initial parameters (dye concentration, mass of sorbent, pH of dye solution, and contact sorption time). SBA-15 proved as efficient sorbent for removal of methyl violet dye in contact time of 5 min, with maximum percentage of dye removal 99% at pH 8. The results obtained from Image-Pro Plus showed to be in good agreement with the sorption parameters obtained by UV/Vis spectroscopy, which has been the most commonly used instrument for quantification of dye sorption. The image analysis method proved well prediction of dye concentrations with maximum relative error of 1.83%. The advantages of this method are low cost and reliable quantitative evaluation with minimum of time.

  11. Engineering of Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Remarkably Enhanced Tumor Active Targeting Efficacy

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Feng; Hong, Hao; Shi, Sixiang; Goel, Shreya; Valdovinos, Hector F.; Hernandez, Reinier; Theuer, Charles P.; Barnhart, Todd E.; Cai, Weibo

    2014-01-01

    Hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticle (HMSN) has recently gained increasing interests due to their tremendous potential as an attractive nano-platform for cancer imaging and therapy. However, possibly due to the lack of efficient in vivo targeting strategy and well-developed surface engineering techniques, engineering of HMSN for in vivo active tumor targeting, quantitative tumor uptake assessment, multimodality imaging, biodistribution and enhanced drug delivery have not been achieved to date. Here, we report the in vivo tumor targeted positron emission tomography (PET)/near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) dual-modality imaging and enhanced drug delivery of HMSN using a generally applicable surface engineering technique. Systematic in vitro and in vivo studies have been performed to investigate the stability, tumor targeting efficacy and specificity, biodistribution and drug delivery capability of well-functionalized HMSN nano-conjugates. The highest uptake of TRC105 (which binds to CD105 on tumor neovasculature) conjugated HMSN in the 4T1 murine breast cancer model was ~10%ID/g, 3 times higher than that of the non-targeted group, making surface engineered HMSN a highly attractive drug delivery nano-platform for future cancer theranostics. PMID:24875656

  12. Mesoporous silica coatings for cephalosporin active release at the bone-implant interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rădulescu, Dragoş; Voicu, Georgeta; Oprea, Alexandra Elena; Andronescu, Ecaterina; Grumezescu, Valentina; Holban, Alina Maria; Vasile, Bogdan Stefan; Surdu, Adrian Vasile; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Socol, Gabriel; Mogoantă, Laurenţiu; Mogoşanu, George Dan; Balaure, Paul Cătălin; Rădulescu, Radu; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen

    2016-06-01

    In this study, we investigated the potential of MAPLE-deposited coatings mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) to release Zinforo (ceftarolinum fosmil) in biologically active form. The MSNs were prepared by using a classic procedure with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as sacrificial template and tetraethylorthosilicate as the monomer. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses revealed network-forming granules with diameters under 100 nm and an average pore diameter of 2.33 nm. The deposited films were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD and IR. Microbiological analyses performed on ceftaroline-loaded films demonstrated that the antibiotic was released in an active form, decreasing the microbial adherence rate and colonization of the surface. Moreover, the in vitro and in vivo assays proved the excellent biodistribution and biocompatibility of the prepared systems. Our results suggest that the obtained bioactive coatings possess a significant potential for the design of drug delivery systems and antibacterial medical-use surfaces, with great applications in bone implantology.

  13. Quaternized Chitosan-Capped Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Nanocarriers for Controlled Pesticide Release

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Lidong; Zhang, Huirong; Cao, Chong; Zhang, Jiakun; Li, Fengmin; Huang, Qiliang

    2016-01-01

    Nanotechnology-based pesticide formulations would ensure effective utilization of agricultural inputs. In the present work, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with particle diameters of ~110 nm and pore sizes of ~3.7 nm were synthesized via a liquid crystal templating mechanism. A water-soluble chitosan (CS) derivative (N-(2-hydroxyl)propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium CS chloride, HTCC) was successfully capped on the surface of pyraclostrobin-loaded MSNs. The physicochemical and structural analyses showed that the electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding were the major forces responsible for the formation of HTCC-capped MSNs. HTCC coating greatly improved the loading efficiency (LC) (to 40.3%) compared to using bare MSNs as a single encapsulant (26.7%). The microstructure of the nanoparticles was revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The pyraclostrobin-loaded nanoparticles showed an initial burst and subsequent sustained release behavior. HTCC-capped MSNs released faster than bare MSNs in the initial stage. Pyraclostrobin-loaded HTCC-capped MSNs with half doses of pyraclostrobin technical demonstrated almost the same fungicidal activity against Phomopsis asparagi (Sacc.), which obviously reduced the applied pesticide and enhanced the utilization efficiency. Therefore, HTCC-decorated MSNs demonstrated great potential as nanocarriers in agrochemical applications. PMID:28335254

  14. Activation of snap-top capped mesoporous silica nanocontainers using two near-infrared photons.

    PubMed

    Guardado-Alvarez, Tania M; Sudha Devi, Lekshmi; Russell, Melissa M; Schwartz, Benjamin J; Zink, Jeffrey I

    2013-09-25

    Photoactivation of "snap-top" stoppers over the pore openings of mesoporous silica nanoparticles releases intact cargo molecules from the pores. The on-command release can be stimulated by either one UV photon or two coherent near-IR photons. Two-photon activation is particularly desirable for use in biological systems because it enables good tissue penetration and precise spatial control. Stoppers were assembled by first binding photolabile coumarin-based molecules to the nanoparticle surface. Then, after the particles were loaded with cargo, bulky β-cyclodextrin (CD) molecules were noncovalently associated with the substituted coumarin molecule, blocking the pores and preventing the cargo from escaping. One-photon excitation at 376 nm or two-photon excitation at 800 nm cleaves the bond holding the coumarin to the nanopore, releasing both the CD cap and the cargo. The dynamics of both the cleavage of the cap and the cargo release was monitored using fluorescence spectroscopy. This system traps intact cargo molecules without the necessity of chemical modification, releases them with tissue-penetrating near-IR light, and has possible applications in photostimulated drug delivery.

  15. Enhancing Cellular Uptake and Doxorubicin Delivery of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles via Surface Functionalization: Effects of Serum.

    PubMed

    Shahabi, Shakiba; Döscher, Svea; Bollhorst, Tobias; Treccani, Laura; Maas, Michael; Dringen, Ralf; Rezwan, Kurosch

    2015-12-09

    In this study, we demonstrate how functional groups on the surface of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) can influence the encapsulation and release of the anticancer drug doxorubicin, as well as cancer cell response in the absence or presence of serum proteins. To this end, we synthesized four differently functionalized MSNPs with amine, sulfonate, polyethylene glycol, or polyethylene imine functional surface groups, as well as one type of antibody-conjugated MSNP for specific cellular targeting, and we characterized these MSNPs regarding their physicochemical properties, colloidal stability in physiological media, and uptake and release of doxorubicin in vitro. Then, the MSNPs were investigated for their cytotoxic potential on cancer cells. Cationic MSNPs could not be loaded with doxorubicin and did therefore not show any cytotoxic and antiproliferative potential on osteosarcoma cells, although they were efficiently taken up into the cells in the presence or absence of serum. In contrast, substantial amounts of doxorubicin were loaded into negatively charged and unfunctionalized MSNPs. Especially, sulfonate-functionalized doxorubicin-loaded MSNPs were efficiently taken up into the cells in the presence of serum and showed an accelerated toxic and antiproliferative potential compared to unfunctionalized MSNPs, antibody-conjugated MSNPs, and even free doxorubicin. These findings stress the high importance of the surface charge as well as of the protein corona for designing and applying nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery.

  16. Effect of amino groups of mesoporous silica nanoparticles on CpG oligodexynucleotide delivery

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Yi; Claiden, Peter; Zhu, Yufang; Morita, Hiromi; Hanagata, Nobutaka

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we proposed to modify mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (NH2-TES), aminoethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane (2NH2-TES) and 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino] propyl-trimethoxysilane (3NH2-TES) for binding of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodexynucleotides (CpG ODN), and investigated the effect of different amino groups of MSNs on the CpG ODN delivery. Serum stability, in vitro cytotoxicity, and cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) induction by MSN-NH2/CpG, MSN-2NH2/CpG and MSN-3NH2/CpG complexes were investigated in detail. The results showed that three kinds of aminated-MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems had no cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells, and binding of CpG ODN to MSN-NH2, MSN-2NH2 and MSN-3NH2 nanoparticles enhanced the serum stability of CpG ODN due to protection by the nanoparticles. However, three aminated MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems exhibited different CpG ODN delivery efficiency, and MSN-NH2/CpG complexes had the highest ability to induce IL-6 secretion. PMID:27877826

  17. Stimulus-responsive Controlled Release System by Covalent Immobilization of an Enzyme into Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Méndez, Jessica; Monteagudo, Alina; Griebenow, Kai

    2012-01-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have emerged as an attractive class of drug delivery carriers for therapeutic agents. Herein, we explored the covalent immobilization of proteins into MSN to generate a stimulus-responsive controlled release system. First, MSN were functionalized with thiol groups using (mercaptopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (MPTMS). Functionalization was verified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XP), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering. The model enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA) was coupled to sulfosuccinimidyl 6-[3'(2-pyridyldithio)-propionamido]hexanoate (Sulfo-LC-SPDP) at a low ratio of 1:1 to prevent enzyme inactivation and subsequently covalently immobilized into MSN via thiol-disulfide interchange. The enzyme could be released from MSN with 10 mM glutathione which represents intra-cellular redox conditions while it remained bound to the MSN at extra-cellular redox conditions represented by 1 μM glutathione. The activity of the released enzyme was >80% demonstrating that the enzyme was still largely functional and active after immobilization and release. Human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells were incubated with the MSN-CA bioconjugates at various concentrations for 24 h and the data show good biocompatibility. In summary, we demonstrate the potential of MSN as potential drug delivery systems for proteins. PMID:22375899

  18. pH-Sensitive drug delivery system based on modified dextrin coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hongyu; Zheng, Diwei; Liu, Jia; Kuang, Ying; Li, Qilin; Zhang, Min; Ye, Haifeng; Qin, Hongyang; Xu, Yanglin; Li, Cao; Jiang, Bingbing

    2016-04-01

    In this work, a novel pH-sensitive drug delivery system based on modified dextrin coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), DOX@MSN-DDA-CL, are prepared. The dextrin grafting on the surface of MSNs is oxidized by KIO4 to obtain dextrin dialdehyde, which is then cross-linked by tetraethylenepentamine through a pH-sensitive Schiff's base. Under physiological conditions, the cross-linked dextrin dialdehyde blocks the pores to prevent premature release of model drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX). In the weak acidic environment, pH 6.0 in this work, the Schiff's base can be hydrolyzed and released the drug. The in vitro drug release studies at different pHs prove the pH-sensitivity of DOX@MSN-DDA-CL. The cytotoxicity and cell internalization behavior are also investigated in detail. In vivo tissue distribution and pharmacokinetics with a H22-bearing mouse animal mode are also studied, prove that DOX@MSN-DDA-CL has a longer retention time than that of pure DOX and can accumulate in tumor region via enhanced permeation and retention and nanomaterials-induced endothelial cell leakiness effects. In conclusion, the pH-sensitive modified dextrin/MSNs complex drug delivery system has a great potential for cancer therapy.

  19. Pilot-scale production of mesoporous silica-based adsorbent for CO2 capture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hou Chuan; Lu, Chungsying; Bai, Hsunling; Hwang, Jyh Feng; Lee, Hsiu Hsia; Chen, Wang; Kang, Yuhao; Chen, Shing-Ting; Su, Fengsheng; Kuo, Shih-Chun; Hu, Fang-Chun

    2012-07-01

    This study presents a pilot-scale spray drying system designed to manufacture spherical mesoporous silica particles (MSP) that is capable of producing up to 100 g per hour. The MSP fabricated via a nozzle pressure of 4 kg/cm2 and a drying temperature of 200 °C possess a high specific area of 1012 m2/g, a narrow pore size distribution with an average pore diameter of 2.4 nm, and large pore volume of 0.81 cm3/g. They were further modified with a tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA-MSP) to enhance CO2 adsorption selectivity from gas streams. The adsorption capacity of 15% CO2 on TEPA-MSP was significantly influenced by adsorption temperature and water vapor of air streams, and reached a maximum of 87.05 mg/g (1.98 mmol/g) at 60 °C and 129.19 mg/g (2.94 mmol/g) at a water vapor of 6.98%. The adsorption capacities and the physicochemical properties of TEPA-MSP were preserved through 20 cycles of adsorption-desorption operation. A comparative study revealed that the TEPA-MSP had better adsorption performance of 15% CO2 than the TEPA-modified granular activated carbon and zeolite. These results suggest that the TEPA-MSP can be stably employed in the prolonged cyclic CO2 adsorption and that they possess good potential for CO2 capture from flue gas.

  20. Spacer intercalated disassembly and photodynamic activity of zinc phthalocyanine inside nanochannels of mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Ma, Xing; Sreejith, Sivaramapanicker; Zhao, Yanli

    2013-12-26

    Hydrophobic photosensitizer zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPc) was loaded into adamantane (Ad) modified nanochannels of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs). The Ad units on the surface of MSNPs were complexed with amino-substituted β-cyclodextrin to enhance the solubility of the hybrid in aqueous solution. The amino groups on β-cyclodextrin also provide functional sites for further conjugation with targeting ligands toward targeted cancer therapy. Since the intercalation of the Ad spacer isolates loaded ZnPc and prevents its aggregation inside MSNPs, ZnPc exhibits its monomeric characteristics to effectively generate cytotoxic singlet oxygen ((1)O2) upon light irradiation (675 nm) in aqueous conditions, leading to efficient photodynamic activity for successful cancer treatment in vitro. Current research presents a convenient approach to maintain the monomeric state of hydrophobic photosensitizer ZnPc by rationally utilizing multifunctional MSNPs as the carriers. The novel hybrid with targeting capability achieves active photodynamic property of monomeric ZnPc in aqueous solution under light irradiation, which may find its way for practical photodynamic therapy in the future.

  1. Caspase 3 Targeted Cargo Delivery in Apoptotic Cells Using Capped Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    de la Torre, Cristina; Mondragón, Laura; Coll, Carmen; García-Fernández, Alba; Sancenón, Félix; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón; Amorós, Pedro; Pérez-Payá, Enrique; Orzáez, Mar

    2015-10-26

    Excessive apoptotic cell death is at the origin of several pathologies, such as degenerative disorders, stroke or ischemia-reperfusion damage. In this context, strategies to improve inhibition of apoptosis and other types of cell death are of interest and may represent a pharmacological opportunity for the treatment of cell-death-related disorders. In this scenario new peptide-containing delivery systems (solids S1 -P1 and S1 -P2 ) are described based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) loaded with a dye and capped with the KKGDEVDKKARDEVDK (P1 ) peptide that contains two repeats of the DEVD target sequence that are selectively hydrolyzed by caspase 3 (C3). This enzyme plays a central role in the execution-phase of apoptosis. HeLa cells electroporated with S1 -P1 are able to deliver the cargo in the presence of staurosporin (STS), which induces apoptosis with the consequent activation of the cytoplasmic C3 enzyme. Moreover, the nanoparticles S1 -P2 , containing both a cell-penetrating TAT peptide and P1 also entered in HeLa cells and delivered the cargo preferentially in cells treated with the apoptosis inducer cisplatin.

  2. Cyclodextrin-gated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as drug carriers for red light-induced drug release.

    PubMed

    Chai, Shiqiang; Guo, Yu; Zhang, Zhenyu; Chai, Zhen; Ma, Yurong; Qi, Limin

    2017-04-07

    Long wavelength light-responsive drug delivery systems based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have attracted much attention in the last few years. In this paper, a red light (660 nm)-responsive drug delivery system based on low-cost cyclodextrin (CD)-gated MSNs containing a photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizer (Chlorin e6, Ce6) was developed for the first time. The drug release experiment in water demonstrated that with the irradiation of red light, Ce6 can be excited to generate singlet oxygen, which can further cleave the singlet oxygen sensitive linker to trigger the departure of CD and the release of cargo. Further in vitro release experiments confirmed that cargo can be released from MSNs with the irradiation of red light and spread into the entire cell. The relative low power density (0.5 W cm(-2)) of excitation light together with the short irradiation time (one-three min) result in a low light dose (30-90 J cm(-2)) for the drug delivery, contributing to their potential clinical applications.

  3. Construction of A Triple-Stimuli-Responsive System Based on Cerium Oxide Coated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles

    PubMed Central

    Wen, Jia; Yang, Kui; Xu, Yongqian; Li, Hongjuan; Liu, Fengyu; Sun, Shiguo

    2016-01-01

    In this work, a triple-stimuli (GSH, pH and light irradiation) responsive system were designed based on CeO2 nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) coated doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer hematoporphyrin (HP) dual-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN). Upon entering into cancer cells, both high concentration of intracellular GSH and low pH environment would reduce CeO2 NPs to cerium ions, accompanied with the degradation of CeO2 NPs and the conformational change of HP under light irradiation, the preloaded DOX are thus released from the nanocarrier, resulting in a contrast fluorescence enhancement. Meanwhile, 1O2 generated from HP for potential photodynamic therapy (PDT) upon light irradiation. In comparison, not much influence can be observed for normal cells. This nanosystem not only has a significantly enhanced efficacy for cancer cells but also broad the scope for the future design and applications of multifunctional platforms for synergetic chemotherapy and PDT. PMID:27941942

  4. Synthesis of High Valence Silver-Loaded Mesoporous Silica with Strong Antibacterial Properties.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chun-Chi; Wu, Hsin-Hsien; Huang, Hsin-Yi; Liu, Chen-Wei; Chen, Yi-Ning

    2016-01-04

    A simple chemical method was developed for preparing high valence silver (Ag)-loaded mesoporous silica (Ag-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-SBA-15), which showed strong antibacterial activity. Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 exhibited stronger and more effective antibacterial activity than commercial Ag nanoparticles did, and it offered high stability of high valence silver in the porous matrix and long-lasting antibacterial activity. The synthesized materials were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Ag existed in both surface complexation and Ag particles. EDTA anchored within a porous structure chelated Ag ions in higher oxidation states and prevented their agglomeration and oxidation reduction. The XRD results showed that most Ag in the Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 existed in higher oxidation states such as Ag(II) and Ag(III). However, the XPS and TEM results showed that Ag easily reduced in lower oxidation states and agglomerated as Ag particles on the exterior layer of the SBA-15.

  5. Effect of amino groups of mesoporous silica nanoparticles on CpG oligodexynucleotide delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Yi; Claiden, Peter; Zhu, Yufang; Morita, Hiromi; Hanagata, Nobutaka

    2015-08-01

    In this study, we proposed to modify mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (NH2-TES), aminoethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane (2NH2-TES) and 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino] propyl-trimethoxysilane (3NH2-TES) for binding of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodexynucleotides (CpG ODN), and investigated the effect of different amino groups of MSNs on the CpG ODN delivery. Serum stability, in vitro cytotoxicity, and cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) induction by MSN-NH2/CpG, MSN-2NH2/CpG and MSN-3NH2/CpG complexes were investigated in detail. The results showed that three kinds of aminated-MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems had no cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells, and binding of CpG ODN to MSN-NH2, MSN-2NH2 and MSN-3NH2 nanoparticles enhanced the serum stability of CpG ODN due to protection by the nanoparticles. However, three aminated MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems exhibited different CpG ODN delivery efficiency, and MSN-NH2/CpG complexes had the highest ability to induce IL-6 secretion.

  6. Synthesis and magnetic properties of DyMnO3 nanoparticles in mesoporous silica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tajiri, Takayuki; Kohno, Atsushi; Hamamoto, Kenta; Ando, Yuhki; Deguchi, Hiroyuki; Mito, Masaki

    2013-08-01

    We synthesized nanoparticles of the perovskite manganite DyMnO3 in pores of mesoporous silica SBA-15 and investigated their magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction patterns of the nanoparticles indicated successful synthesis of the DyMnO3 nanoparticles with a particle size of about 10 nm in the pores of SBA-15. The temperature dependence of the DC magnetic susceptibility for the DyMnO3 nanoparticles exhibited a pronounced magnetic irreversibility between the field-cooling and the zero-field-cooling susceptibility due to the blocking phenomena and indicated a change of the magnetic exchange interactions from those for the bulk crystal. The in-phase susceptibility χ' and the out-of-phase susceptibility χ″ of the AC susceptibility for the nanoparticles exhibited a peak at the blocking temperature, and that peak shifted toward higher temperature with increasing frequency. Magnetization curves for the nanoparticles were reproduced by using a Langevin function and exhibited a hysteresis loop at temperatures below the blocking temperature. Magnetic size effects and superparamagnetic behaviors were observed in the DyMnO3 nanoparticles.

  7. Increasing the oral bioavailability of the poorly water soluble drug itraconazole with ordered mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Mellaerts, Randy; Mols, Raf; Jammaer, Jasper A G; Aerts, Caroline A; Annaert, Pieter; Van Humbeeck, Jan; Van den Mooter, Guy; Augustijns, Patrick; Martens, Johan A

    2008-05-01

    This study aims to evaluate the in vivo performance of ordered mesoporous silica (OMS) as a carrier for poorly water soluble drugs. Itraconazole was selected as model compound. Physicochemical characterization was carried out by SEM, TEM, nitrogen adsorption, DSC, TGA and in vitro dissolution. After loading itraconazole into OMS, its oral bioavailability was compared with the crystalline drug and the marketed product Sporanox in rabbits and dogs. Plasma concentrations of itraconazole and OH-itraconazole were determined by HPLC-UV. After administration of crystalline itraconazole in dogs (20mg), no systemic itraconazole could be detected. Using OMS as a carrier, the AUC0-8 was boosted to 681+/-566 nM h. In rabbits, the AUC0-24 increased significantly from 521+/-159 nM h after oral administration of crystalline itraconazole (8 mg) to 1069+/-278 nM h when this dose was loaded into OMS. Tmax decreased from 9.8+/-1.8 to 4.2+/-1.8h. No significant differences (AUC, Cmax, and Tmax) could be determined when comparing OMS with Sporanox in both species. The oral bioavailability of itraconazole formulated with OMS as a carrier compares well with the marketed product Sporanox, in rabbits as well as in dogs. OMS can therefore be considered as a promising carrier to achieve enhanced oral bioavailability for drugs with extremely low water solubility.

  8. Preparation and in vitro characterisation of bioactive mesoporous silica microparticles for drug delivery applications.

    PubMed

    Prokopowicz, Magdalena; Czarnobaj, Katarzyna; Szewczyk, Adrian; Sawicki, Wiesław

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface mineralization activity and in vitro drug behaviour potential of new mesoporous silica microparticles (MSM). The unmodified MSM (MSM-0%Ca) and calcium-modified MSM (MSM-5%Ca, MSM-15%Ca, MSM-25%Ca) were prepared using the self-assembling method. Calcium diethoxide was used as a calcium precursor. Doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), used as an anticancer model drug, was selected to the drug loading and release studies. The DOX loading into the microparticles was performed by liquid adsorption process. The self-formation of carbonate hydroxyapatite (C-Hap) on the MSM surface was examined under in vitro biomimetic conditions. The samples were characterised by means of scanning-transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements. The results indicated an inverse relationship--while increasing the total amount of calcium in the MSM composition the surface area and pore volume decrease with a simultaneous increase in the pore size. This was correlated with a progressive increase in the surface mineralization ability--especially its initial promotion, and in the decrease in MSM drug loading efficiency. The release rate of the DOX can be effectively tailored by varying the amount of calcium, where the elution rate of DOX increases with an increasing amount of the Ca precursor.

  9. Synthesis of High Valence Silver-Loaded Mesoporous Silica with Strong Antibacterial Properties

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chun-Chi; Wu, Hsin-Hsien; Huang, Hsin-Yi; Liu, Chen-Wei; Chen, Yi-Ning

    2016-01-01

    A simple chemical method was developed for preparing high valence silver (Ag)-loaded mesoporous silica (Ag-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-SBA-15), which showed strong antibacterial activity. Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 exhibited stronger and more effective antibacterial activity than commercial Ag nanoparticles did, and it offered high stability of high valence silver in the porous matrix and long-lasting antibacterial activity. The synthesized materials were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Ag existed in both surface complexation and Ag particles. EDTA anchored within a porous structure chelated Ag ions in higher oxidation states and prevented their agglomeration and oxidation reduction. The XRD results showed that most Ag in the Ag-EDTA-SBA-15 existed in higher oxidation states such as Ag(II) and Ag(III). However, the XPS and TEM results showed that Ag easily reduced in lower oxidation states and agglomerated as Ag particles on the exterior layer of the SBA-15. PMID:26742050

  10. A reduction-sensitive carrier system using mesoporous silica nanospheres with biodegradable polyester as caps.

    PubMed

    He, Hongyan; Kuang, Huihui; Yan, Lesan; Meng, Fanbo; Xie, Zhigang; Jing, Xiabin; Huang, Yubin

    2013-09-14

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN)-polymer hybrid combined with the aliphatic biodegradable polyester caps on the surface were first developed in order to manipulate the smart intracellular release of anticancer drugs. First, poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-PCL) was successfully grafted on the surface of MSN via disulfide bonds which could cleave under a reduction environment in tumor cells. The anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated into the particle pores. The in vitro drug release profile showed that DOX release was significantly restricted by the polymer caps at pH 7.4, while it was greatly accelerated upon the addition of GSH. Cytotoxicity evaluation showed good biocompatibility with the hybrid particles. Fast endocytosis and intracellular DOX release were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The DOX-loaded particles exhibited comparable antitumor activity with free DOX towards HeLa cells and showed in a time-dependent manner. This work developed an extensive method of utilizing aliphatic biodegradable polyesters as polymer caps for MSN to control drug delivery. The paper might offer a potential option for cancer therapy.

  11. Intracellular chromobody delivery by mesoporous silica nanoparticles for antigen targeting and visualization in real time

    PubMed Central

    Chiu, Hsin-Yi; Deng, Wen; Engelke, Hanna; Helma, Jonas; Leonhardt, Heinrich; Bein, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Chromobodies have recently drawn great attention as bioimaging nanotools. They offer high antigen binding specificity and affinity comparable to conventional antibodies, but much smaller size and higher stability. Chromobodies can be used in live cell imaging for specific spatio-temporal visualization of cellular processes. To date, functional application of chromobodies requires lengthy genetic manipulation of the target cell. Here, we develop multifunctional large-pore mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) as nanocarriers to directly transport chromobodies into living cells for antigen-visualization in real time. The multifunctional large-pore MSNs feature high loading capacity for chromobodies, and are efficiently taken up by cells. By functionalizing the internal MSN surface with nitrilotriacetic acid-metal ion complexes, we can control the release of His6-tagged chromobodies from MSNs in acidified endosomes and observe successful chromobody-antigen binding in the cytosol. Hence, by combining the two nanotools, chromobodies and MSNs, we establish a new powerful approach for chromobody applications in living cells. PMID:27173765

  12. Polyglutamic Acid-Gated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles for Enzyme-Controlled Drug Delivery.

    PubMed

    Tukappa, Asha; Ultimo, Amelia; de la Torre, Cristina; Pardo, Teresa; Sancenón, Félix; Martínez-Máñez, Ramón

    2016-08-23

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are highly attractive as supports in the design of controlled delivery systems that can act as containers for the encapsulation of therapeutic agents, overcoming common issues such as poor water solubility and poor stability of some drugs and also enhancing their bioavailability. In this context, we describe herein the development of polyglutamic acid (PGA)-capped MSNs that can selectively deliver rhodamine B and doxorubicin. PGA-capped MSNs remain closed in an aqueous environment, yet they are able to deliver the cargo in the presence of pronase because of the hydrolysis of the peptide bonds in PGA. The prepared solids released less than 20% of the cargo in 1 day in water, whereas they were able to reach 90% of the maximum release of the entrapped guest in ca. 5 h in the presence of pronase. Studies of the PGA-capped nanoparticles with SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells were also undertaken. Rhodamine-loaded nanoparticles were not toxic, whereas doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles were able to efficiently kill more than 90% of the cancer cells at a concentration of 100 μg/mL.

  13. Enzyme-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as efficient antibacterial agents in vivo.

    PubMed

    Li, Li-Li; Wang, Hao

    2013-10-01

    Despite the fact that pathogenic infections are widely treated by antibiotics in the clinic nowadays, the increasing risk of multidrug-resistance associated with abuse of antibiotics is becoming a major concern in global public health. The increased death toll caused by pathogenic bacterial infection calls for effective antibiotic alternatives. Lysozyme-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs⊂Lys) are reported as antibacterial agents that exhibit efficient antibacterial activity both in vitro and in vivo with low cytotoxicity and negligible hemolytic side effect. The Lys corona provides multivalent interaction between MSNs⊂Lys and bacterial walls and consequently raises the local concentration of Lys on the surface of cell walls, which promotes hydrolysis of peptidoglycans and increases membrane-perturbation abilities. The minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) of MSNs⊂Lys is fivefold lower than that of free Lys in vitro. The antibacterial efficacy of MSNs⊂Lys is evaluated in vivo by using an intestine-infected mouse model. Experimental results indicate that the number of bacteria surviving in the colon is three orders of magnitude lower than in the untreated group. These natural antibacterial enzyme-modified nanoparticles open up a new avenue for design and synthesis of next-generation antibacterial agents as alternatives to antibiotics.

  14. Bismuth-embedded SBA-15 mesoporous silica for radioactive iodine capture and stable storage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Jae Hwan; Cho, Yong-Jun; Shin, Jin Myeong; Yim, Man-Sung

    2015-10-01

    Efficient capture and stable storage of the long-lived iodine-129 (129I), released as off-gas from nuclear fuel reprocessing, have been of significant concern in the waste management field. In this study, bismuth-embedded SBA-15 mesoporous silica was firstly applied for iodine capture and storage. SBA-15 was functionalized with thiol (-SH) groups, followed by bismuth adsorption with Bi-S bonding, which was thermally treated to form Bi2S3 within SBA-15. The bismuth-embedded SBA-15s demonstrated high iodine loading capacities (up to 540 mg-I/g-sorbent), which benefitted from high surface area and porosity of SBA-15 as well as the formation of thermodynamically stable BiI3 compound. Iodine physisorption was effectively suppressed due to the large pores present in SBA-15, resulting in chemisorption as a main mechanism for iodine confinement. Furthermore, a chemically durable iodine-bearing material was made with a facile post-sorption process, during which the iodine-incorporated phase was changed from BiI3 to chemically durable Bi5O7I. Thus, our results showed that both efficient capture and stabilization of 129I would be possible with the bismuth-embedded SBA-15, in contrast to other sorbents mainly focused on iodine capture.

  15. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as antigen carriers and adjuvants for vaccine delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mody, Karishma T.; Popat, Amirali; Mahony, Donna; Cavallaro, Antonino S.; Yu, Chengzhong; Mitter, Neena

    2013-05-01

    Vaccines have been at the forefront of improving human health for over two centuries. The challenges faced in developing effective vaccines flow from complexities associated with the immune system and requirement of an efficient and safe adjuvant to induce a strong adaptive immune response. Development of an efficient vaccine formulation requires careful selection of a potent antigen, efficient adjuvant and route of delivery. Adjuvants are immunological agents that activate the antigen presenting cells (APCs) and elicit a strong immune response. In the past decade, the use of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) has gained significant attention as potential delivery vehicles for various biomolecules. In this review, we aim to highlight the potential of MSNs as vaccine delivery vehicles and their ability to act as adjuvants. We have provided an overview on the latest progress on synthesis, adsorption and release kinetics and biocompatibility of MSNs as next generation antigen carriers and adjuvants. A comprehensive summary on the ability of MSNs to deliver antigens and elicit both humoral and cellular immune responses is provided. Finally, we give insight on fundamental challenges and some future prospects of these nanoparticles as adjuvants.

  16. Effect of amino groups of mesoporous silica nanoparticles on CpG oligodexynucleotide delivery.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yi; Claiden, Peter; Zhu, Yufang; Morita, Hiromi; Hanagata, Nobutaka

    2015-08-01

    In this study, we proposed to modify mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (NH2-TES), aminoethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane (2NH2-TES) and 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino] propyl-trimethoxysilane (3NH2-TES) for binding of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodexynucleotides (CpG ODN), and investigated the effect of different amino groups of MSNs on the CpG ODN delivery. Serum stability, in vitro cytotoxicity, and cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) induction by MSN-NH2/CpG, MSN-2NH2/CpG and MSN-3NH2/CpG complexes were investigated in detail. The results showed that three kinds of aminated-MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems had no cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells, and binding of CpG ODN to MSN-NH2, MSN-2NH2 and MSN-3NH2 nanoparticles enhanced the serum stability of CpG ODN due to protection by the nanoparticles. However, three aminated MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems exhibited different CpG ODN delivery efficiency, and MSN-NH2/CpG complexes had the highest ability to induce IL-6 secretion.

  17. Mesoporous silica-supported lipid bilayers (protocells) for DNA cargo delivery to the spinal cord

    PubMed Central

    Dengler, Ellen C.; Liu, Juewen; Kerwin, Audra; Torres, Sergio; Olcott, Clara M.; Bowman, Brandi N.; Armijo, Leisha; Gentry, Katherine; Wilkerson, Jenny; Wallace, James; Jiang, Xingmao; Carnes, Eric C.; Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Milligan, Erin D.

    2013-01-01

    Amorphous mesoporous silica nanoparticles (‘protocells’) that support surface lipid bilayers recently characterized in vitro as carrier constructs for small drug and DNA delivery are reported here as highly biocompatible both in vitro and in vivo, involving the brain and spinal cord following spinal delivery into the lumbosacral subarachnoid space (intrathecal; i.t.). Specifically, positively charged, 1, 2-Dioleoyl-3-Trimethylammonium-Propane (DOTAP) -cholesterol (DOTAP:Chol) liposome-formulated protocells revealed stable in vitro cargo release kinetics and cellular interleukin-10 (IL-10) transgene transfection. Recent approaches using synthetic non-viral vector platforms to deliver the pain-suppressive therapeutic transgene, IL-10, to the spinal subarachnoid space has yielded promising results in animal models of peripheral neuropathy, a condition involving aberrant neuronal communication within sensory pathways in the nervous system. Non-viral drug and gene delivery protocell platforms offer potential flexibility because cargo release-rates can be pH-dependent. We report here that i.t. delivery of protocells, with modified chemistry supporting a surface coating of DOTAP:Chol liposomes and containing the IL-10 transgene, results in functional suppression of pain-related behavior in rats for extended periods. This study is the first demonstration that protocell vectors offer amenable and enduring in vivo biological characteristics that can be applied to spinal gene delivery. PMID:23517784

  18. In vitro biocompatibility of calcined mesoporous silica particles and fetal blood cells

    PubMed Central

    Al Samri, Mohammed T; Biradar, Ankush V; Alsuwaidi, Ahmed R; Balhaj, Ghazala; Al-Hammadi, Suleiman; Shehab, Safa; Al-Salam, Suhail; Tariq, Saeed; Pramathan, Thachillath; Benedict, Sheela; Asefa, Tewodros; Souid, Abdul-Kader

    2012-01-01

    Background: The biocompatibility of two forms of calcined mesoporous silica particles, labeled as MCM41-cal and SBA15-cal, with fetal blood mononuclear cells was assessed in vitro. Methods and results: Fetal mononuclear cells were isolated from umbilical cord blood and exposed to 0.5 mg/mL of MCM41-cal or SBA15-cal for several hours. Transmission electron micrographs confirmed the presence of particles in the cytosol of macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes without noticeable damage to the cellular organelles. The particles (especially MCM41-cal) were in close proximity to plasma, and nuclear and mitochondrial membranes. Biocompatibility was assessed by a functional assay that measured cellular respiration, ie, mitochondrial O2 consumption. The rate of respiration (kc, in μM O2 per minute per 107 cells) for untreated cells was 0.42 ± 0.16 (n = 10), for cells treated with MCM41-cal was 0.39 ± 0.22 (n = 5, P > 0.966) and for cells treated with SBA15-cal was 0.44 ± 0.13 (n = 5, P > 0.981). Conclusion: The results show reasonable biocompatibility of MCM41-cal and SBA15-cal in fetal blood mononuclear cells. Future studies are needed to determine the potential of collecting fetal cells from a fetus or neonate, loading the cells in vitro with therapeutic MCM41-cal or SBA15-cal, and reinfusing them into the fetus or neonate. PMID:22904619

  19. Towards multifunctional, targeted drug delivery systems using mesoporous silica nanoparticles - opportunities & challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenholm, Jessica M.; Sahlgren, Cecilia; Lindén, Mika

    2010-10-01

    One of the big challenges of medicine today is to deliver drugs specifically to defected cells. Nanoparticulate drug carriers have the potential to answer to this call, as nanoparticles can cross physiological barriers and access different tissues, and also be provided in a targetable form aimed at enhancing cell specificity of the carrier. Recent developments within material science and strong collaborative efforts crossing disciplinary borders have highlighted the potential of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) for such targeted drug delivery. Here we outline recent advances which in this sense push MSNs to the forefront of drug delivery development. Relatively straightforward inside-out tuning of the vehicles, high flexibility, and potential for sophisticated release mechanisms make these nanostructures promising candidates for targeted drug delivery such as `smart' cancer therapies. Moreover, due to the large surface area and the controllable surface functionality of MSNs, they can be controllably loaded with large amounts of drugs and coupled to homing molecules to facilitate active targeting, simultaneously carrying traceable (fluorescent or magnetically active) modalities, also making them highly interesting as theragnostic agents. However, the increased relative surface area and small size, and flexible surface functionalization which is beneficially exploited in nanomedicine, consequently also includes potential risks in their interactions with biological systems. Therefore, we also discuss some safety issues regarding MSNs and highlight how different features of the drug delivery platform influence their behaviour in a biological setting. Addressing these burning questions will facilitate the application of MSNs in nanomedicine.

  20. Mesoporous silica as topical nanocarriers for quercetin: characterization and in vitro studies.

    PubMed

    Sapino, Simona; Ugazio, Elena; Gastaldi, Lucia; Miletto, Ivana; Berlier, Gloria; Zonari, Daniele; Oliaro-Bosso, Simonetta

    2015-01-01

    The flavonoid quercetin is extensively studied for its antioxidant and chemopreventive properties. However the poor water-solubility, low stability and short half-life could restrict its use in skin care products and therapy. The present study was aimed to evaluate the potential of aminopropyl functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (NH2-MSN) as topical carrier system for quercetin delivery. Thermo gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption isotherms, FT-IR spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements and differential scanning calorimetry allowed analyzing with great detail the organic-inorganic molecular interaction. The protective effect of this vehicle on UV-induced degradation of the flavonoid was investigated revealing a certain positive influence of the inclusion on the photostability over time. Epidermal accumulation and transdermal permeation of this molecule were ex vivo evaluated using porcine skin mounted on Franz diffusion cells. The inclusion complexation with the inorganic nanoparticles increased the penetration of quercetin into the skin after 24h post-application without transdermal delivery. The effect of quercetin alone or given as complex with NH2-MSN on proliferation of JR8 human melanoma cells was evaluated by sulforhodamine B colorimetric proliferation assay. At a concentration 60 μM the complex with NH2-MSN was more effective than quercetin alone, causing about 50% inhibition of cell proliferation.

  1. 5-Azacytidine delivered by mesoporous silica nanoparticles regulates the differentiation of P19 cells into cardiomyocytes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Jin; Ding, Qian; Wang, Jia; Deng, Lin; Yang, Lu; Tao, Lei; Lei, Haihong; Lu, Shaoping

    2016-01-01

    Heart disease is one of the deadliest diseases causing mortality due to the limited regenerative capability of highly differentiated cardiomyocytes. Stem cell-based therapy in tissue engineering is one of the most exciting and rapidly growing areas and raises promising prospects for cardiac repair. In this study, we have synthesized FITC-mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FMSNs) based on a sol-gel method (known as Stöber's method) as a drug delivery platform to transport 5-azacytidine in P19 embryonic carcinoma stem cells. The surfactant CTAB is utilized as a liquid crystal template to self-aggregate into micelles, resulting in the synthesis of MSNs. Based on the cell viability assay, treatment with FMSNs + 5-azacytidine resulted in much more significant inhibition of the proliferation than 5-azacytidine alone. To study the mechanism, we have tested the differentiation genes and cardiac marker genes in P19 cells and found that these genes have been up-regulated in P19 embryonic carcinoma stem cells treated with FMSNs + 5-azacytidine + poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH), with the changes of histone modifications on the regulatory region. In conclusion, with FMSNs as drug delivery platforms, 5-azacytidine can be more efficiently delivered into stem cells and can be used to monitor and track the transfection process in situ to clarify their effects on stem cell functions and the differentiation process, which can serve as a promising tool in tissue engineering and other biomedical fields.

  2. Hyaluronic acid modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to CD44-overexpressing cancer cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Meihua; Jambhrunkar, Siddharth; Thorn, Peter; Chen, Jiezhong; Gu, Wenyi; Yu, Chengzhong

    2012-12-01

    In this paper, a targeted drug delivery system has been developed based on hyaluronic acid (HA) modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). HA-MSNs possess a specific affinity to CD44 over-expressed on the surface of a specific cancer cell line, HCT-116 (human colon cancer cells). The cellular uptake performance of fluorescently labelled MSNs with and without HA modification has been evaluated by confocal microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis. Compared to bare MSNs, HA-MSNs exhibit a higher cellular uptake via HA receptor mediated endocytosis. An anticancer drug, doxorubicin hydrochloride (Dox), has been loaded into MSNs and HA-MSNs as drug delivery vehicles. Dox loaded HA-MSNs show greater cytotoxicity to HCT-116 cells than free Dox and Dox-MSNs due to the enhanced cell internalization behavior of HA-MSNs. It is expected that HA-MSNs have a great potential in targeted delivery of anticancer drugs to CD44 over-expressing tumors.

  3. Targeted delivery of doxorubicin to mitochondria using mesoporous silica nanoparticle nanocarriers.

    PubMed

    Qu, Qiuyu; Ma, Xing; Zhao, Yanli

    2015-10-28

    A lot of investigations have been conducted using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) functionalized with different targeting ligands in order to deliver various hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs to targeted cancer cells. However, the utilization of MSNPs to deliver drug molecules to targeted subcellular organelles has been rarely reported. In this work, we applied targeting ligand-conjugated MSNPs with an average diameter of 80 nm to deliver the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) to mitochondria. Triphenoylphosphonium (TPP) was functionalized on MSNPs as a mitochondria targeting ligand. Mitochondria targeting efficiency was demonstrated in HeLa cells by a co-localization study of mitochondria and functionalized MSNPs as well as by fluorescence analysis in isolated mitochondria. In addition, enhanced cancer cell killing efficacy was achieved when using DOX-loaded and TPP-functionalized MSNPs for mitochondria-targeted delivery. Lowered adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential were observed, demonstrating the mitochondria dysfunction caused by delivered DOX. The positive results indicate promising application potential of MSNPs in targeted subcellular drug delivery.

  4. A mesoporous silica nanosphere-based drug delivery system using an electrically conducting polymer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, Youngnam; Shi, Riyi; Ivanisevic, Albena; Ben Borgens, Richard

    2009-07-01

    In this study, a mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)-based nerve growth factor (NGF) delivery system has been successfully embedded within an electroactive polypyrrol (Ppy). The spherical particles with ~100 nm diameter possess a large surface-to-volume ratio for the entrapment of NGF into the pores of MSNs while retaining their bioactivity. Direct incorporation of MSN-NGF within Ppy was achieved during electrochemical polymerization. The loading amount and release profile of NGF from the composite was investigated by sandwich ELISA. The NGF incorporation can be controllable by varying particle concentration or by extending electrodeposition time. The morphology and chemical composition of the Ppy/MSN-NGF composite was evaluated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Optical and electron microscopy revealed a characteristic attachment of PC 12 cells and the outgrowth of their neurites when grown on the Ppy/MSN-NGF composite as a result of a sustained and controlled release of NGF. In order to observe the effectiveness of electrical stimulation, neurite extension of cells cultured on unstimulated and stimulated Ppy/MSN-NGF was compared. The NGF release in the presence of electrical stimulation promoted significantly greater neurite extension.

  5. β-Cyclodextrin functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica colloid for cholesterol separation.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Arjyabaran; Basiruddin, Sk; Chakraborty, Atanu; Jana, Nikhil R

    2015-01-21

    Although cholesterol plays significant biochemical function in the human body, excess of it leads to various disorders, and thus, its control/separation is important in medical science and food industries. However, efficient and selective separation of cholesterol is challenging because cholesterol often exists in microheterogeneous or insoluble forms in remote organ and exists with other chemicals/biochemicals. Here, we have described a colloidal magnetic mesoporous silica (MMS)-based approach for efficient separation of cholesterol in different forms. MMS is functionalized with β-cyclodextrin for selective binding with cholesterol via host-guest interaction. The colloidal form of MMS offers effective interaction with cholesterol of any form, and magnetic property of MMS offers easier separation of bound cholesterol. Functionalized MMS is efficient in separating cholesterol crystals, water-insoluble cholesterol, and the microheterogeneous form of cholesterol from milk or a cellular environment. Developed material can be used to remove cholesterol from a complex bioenvironment and extended for large-scale cholesterol separation from food.

  6. Diffusion energy profiles in silica mesoporous molecular sieves modelled with the fragment molecular orbital method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roskop, Luke; Fedorov, Dmitri G.; Gordon, Mark S.

    2013-07-01

    The fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method is used to model truncated portions of mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) pores. The application of the FMO/RHF (restricted Hartree-Fock) method to MCM-41 type MSNs is discussed and an error analysis is given. The FMO/RHF method is shown to reliably approximate the RHF energy (error ∼0.2 kcal/mol), dipole moment (error ∼0.2 debye) and energy gradient (root mean square [RMS] error ∼0.2 × 10-3 a.u./bohr). Several FMO fragmentation schemes are employed to provide guidance for future applications to MSN models. An MSN pore model is functionalised with (phenyl)propyl substituents and the diffusion barrier for benzene passing through the pore is computed by the FMO/RHF-D method with the Grimme dispersion correction (RHF-D). For the reaction coordinates examined here, the maximum FMO/RHF-D interaction energies range from -0.3 to -5.8 kcal/mol.

  7. Approach To Deliver Two Antioxidant Enzymes with Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles into Cells.

    PubMed

    Lin, Yu-Hsuan; Chen, Yi-Ping; Liu, Tsang-Pai; Chien, Fan-Ching; Chou, Chih-Ming; Chen, Chien-Tsu; Mou, Chung-Yuan

    2016-07-20

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important factors in many clinical diseases. However, direct delivery of antioxidant enzymes into cells is difficult due to poor cell uptake. A proper design of delivery of enzymes by nanoparticles is very desirable for therapeutic purposes. To overcome the cell barrier problem, a designed mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) system with attached TAT-fusion denatured enzyme for enhancing cell membrane penetration has been developed. Simultaneous delivery of two up-downstream antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GPx), reveals synergistic efficiency of ROS scavenging, compared to single antioxidant enzyme delivery. TAT peptide conjugation provided a facile nonendocytosis cell uptake and escape from endosome while moving and aggregating along the cytoskeleton that would allow them to be close to each other at the same time, resulting in the cellular antioxidation cascade reaction. The two-enzyme delivery shows a significant synergistic effect for protecting cells against ROS-induced cell damage and cell cycle arrest. The nanocarrier strategy for enzyme delivery demonstrates that intracellular anti-ROS cascade reactions could be regulated by multifunctional MSNs carrying image fluorophore and relevant antioxidation enzymes.

  8. Textural and structural properties and surface acidity characterization of mesoporous silica-zirconia molecular sieves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez-Castellón, E.; Jiménez-López, A.; Maireles-Torres, P.; Jones, D. J.; Rozière, J.; Trombetta, M.; Busca, G.; Lenarda, M.; Storaro, L.

    2003-11-01

    Homogeneous mesoporous zirconium-containing MCM-41 type silica were prepared by supramolecular templating and their textural and structural properties were studied using powder X-ray diffraction, N 2 porosimetry, atomic force microscopy, EXAFS, XPS, and UV-VIS-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Their acid properties were also studied by using IR spectroscopy and by the use of catalytic tests such as the decomposition of isopropanol and the isomerization of 1-butene. The materials prepared show a good degree of crystallinity with a regular ordering of the pores into a hexagonal arrangement and high thermal stability. The specific surface area of the prepared materials decreases as the zirconium content rises. Zirconium atoms are in coordination 7 to 8 and located at the surface of the pores such that a high proportion of the oxygen atoms bonded to zirconium corresponds to surface non-condensed oxygen atoms. Both facts are responsible for the acid properties of the solids that show weak Brønsted and medium strong Lewis acidity.

  9. Enzymatic Conversion of CO2 to Bicarbonate in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, Yuehua; Chen, Baowei; Qi, Wen N.; Li, Xiaolin; Shin, Yongsoon; Lei, Chenghong; Liu, Jun

    2012-05-01

    We report here that carbonic anhydrase (CA), the fastest enzyme that can covert carbon dioxide to bicarbonate, can be spontaneously entrapped in functionalized mesoporous silica (FMS) with super-high loading density (up to 0.5 mg of protein/mg of FMS) due to the dominant electrostatic interaction. The binding of CA to HOOC-FMS can result in the protein’s conformational change comparing to the enzyme free in solution, but can be overcome with increased protein loading density. The higher the protein loading density, the less conformational change, hence the higher enzymatic activity and the higher enzyme immobilization efficiency. The electrostatically bound CA can be released by changing pH. The released enzyme still displayed the native conformational structure and the same high enzymatic activity as that prior to the enzyme entrapment. This work opens up a new approach converting carbon dioxide to biocarbonate in a biomimetic nanoconfiguration that can be integrated with the other part of biosynthesis process for the assimilation of carbon dioxide.

  10. Amine-Impregnated Mesoporous Silica Nanotube as an Emerging Nanocomposite for CO2 Capture.

    PubMed

    Niu, Mengya; Yang, Huaming; Zhang, Xiangchao; Wang, Yutang; Tang, Aidong

    2016-07-13

    Pristine halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were pretreated to produce mesoporous silica nanotubes (MSiNTs), which was further impregnated with polyethenimine (PEI) to prepare an emerging nanocomposite MSiNTs/PEI (MP) for CO2 capture. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was employed to analyze the influences of PEI loading amount and adsorption temperature on CO2 adsorption capacity of the nanocomposite. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area (SBET) of MSiNTs was six times higher than that of HNTs, and the corresponding pore volume was more than two times higher than that of HNTs. The well dispersion of PEI within the nanotubes of MSiNTs benefits more CO2 gas adsorption, and the adsorption capacity of the nanocomposite could reach 2.75 mmol/g at 85 °C for 2 h. The CO2 adsorption on the nanocomposite was demonstrated to occur via a two-stage process: initially, a sharp linear weight increase at the beginning, and then a relatively slow adsorption step. The adsorption capacity could reach as high as 70% within 2 min. Also, the nanocomposite exhibited good stability on CO2 adsorption/desorption performance, indicating that the as-prepared emerging nanocomposite show an interesting application potential in the field of CO2 capture.

  11. Delivery of Small Interfering RNA by Peptide-Targeted Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle-Supported Lipid Bilayers

    PubMed Central

    Ashley, Carlee E.; Carnes, Eric C.; Epler, Katharine E.; Padilla, David P.; Phillips, Genevieve K.; Castillo, Robert E.; Wilkinson, Dan C.; Wilkinson, Brian S.; Burgard, Cameron A.; Sewell, Robin M.; Townson, Jason L.; Chackerian, Bryce; Willman, Cheryl L.; Peabody, David S.; Wharton, Walker; Brinker, C. Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    The therapeutic potential of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is severely limited by the availability of delivery platforms that protect siRNA from degradation, deliver it to the target cell with high specificity and efficiency, and promote its endosomal escape and cytosolic dispersion. Here we report that mesoporous silica nanoparticle-supported lipid bilayers (or ‘protocells’), exhibit multiple properties that overcome many of the limitations of existing delivery platforms. Protocells have a 10- to 100-fold greater capacity for siRNA than corresponding lipid nanoparticles and are markedly more stable when incubated under physiological conditions. Protocells loaded with a cocktail of siRNAs bind to cells in a manner dependent on the presence of an appropriate targeting peptide and, through an endocytic pathway followed by endosomal disruption, promote delivery of the silencing nucleotides to the cytoplasm. The expression of each of the genes targeted by the siRNAs was shown to be repressed at the protein level, resulting in a potent induction of growth arrest and apoptosis. Incubation of control cells that lack expression of the antigen recognized by the targeting peptide with siRNA-loaded protocells induced neither repression of protein expression nor apoptosis, indicating the precise specificity of cytotoxic activity. In terms of loading capacity, targeting capabilities, and potency of action, protocells provide unique attributes as a delivery platform for therapeutic oligonucleotides. PMID:22309035

  12. Capturing the Local Adsorption Structures of Carbon Dioxide in Polyamine-Impregnated Mesoporous Silica Adsorbents.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shing-Jong; Hung, Chin-Te; Zheng, Anmin; Lin, Jen-Shan; Yang, Chun-Fei; Chang, Yu-Chi; Deng, Feng; Liu, Shang-Bin

    2014-09-18

    Interactions between amines and carbon dioxide (CO2) are essential to amine-functionalized solid adsorbents for carbon capture, and an in-depth knowledge of these interactions is crucial to adsorbent design and fabrication as well as adsorption/desorption processes. The local structures of CO2 adsorbed on a tetraethylenepentamine-impregnated mesoporous silica SBA-15 were investigated by solid-state (13)C{(14)N} S-RESPDOR MAS NMR technique and theoretical DFT calculations. Two types of adsorption species, namely, secondary and tertiary carbamates as well as distant ammonium groups were identified together with their relative concentrations and relevant (14)N quadrupolar parameters. Moreover, a dipolar coupling of 716 Hz was derived, corresponding to a (13)C-(14)N internuclear distance of 1.45 Å. These experimental data are in excellent agreement with results obtained from DFT calculations, revealing that the distribution of surface primary and secondary amines readily dictates the CO2 adsorption/desorption properties of the adsorbent.

  13. A mesoporous silica nanocomposite shuttle: pH-triggered phase transfer between oil and water.

    PubMed

    Wang, Haixia; Yang, Hengquan; Liu, Huanrong; Yu, Yuhong; Xin, Hongchuan

    2013-06-04

    With a simple protocol, we synthesize a novel mesoporous silica nanocomposite shuttle that can reversibly transfer between an organic phase and water in response to the pH, due to the switchable surface hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity. Our synthesis protocol allows the phase transfer ability to be tuned in a controllable fashion. This nanocomposite shuttle exhibits a good ability to load various cargoes such as Pd(OAc)2, Pd nanoparticles, and organic molecules. The built-in properties of the nanocomposite shuttle lay the foundations for many innovative applications. As a proof of concept, we successfully demonstrate its application in separating and recycling Pd nanoparticle catalysts. The composite shuttle can take Pd nanoparticles to an organic phase for catalyzing hydrogenation of olefins and come back to an aqueous phase at the end of reaction, making in situ separation and recycling of nanocatalysts possible. This pH-driven round trip for catalysis can be repeated several times. Our investigations not only supply a novel nanocomposite shuttle with controllable properties but also open an innovative avenue to in situ separation and recycling of nanocatalysts, which can address the obstacles of the conventional methods such as centrifugation and filtration.

  14. Stimulus-responsive controlled release system by covalent immobilization of an enzyme into mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Méndez, Jessica; Monteagudo, Alina; Griebenow, Kai

    2012-04-18

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) have emerged as an attractive class of drug delivery carriers for therapeutic agents. Herein, we explored the covalent immobilization of proteins into MSN to generate a stimulus-responsive controlled release system. First, MSN were functionalized with thiol groups using (mercaptopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (MPTMS). Functionalization was verified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering. The model enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA) was coupled to sulfosuccinimidyl 6-[3'(2-pyridyldithio)-propionamido]hexanoate (Sulfo-LC-SPDP) at a low ratio of 1:1 to prevent enzyme inactivation and subsequently covalently immobilized into MSN via thiol-disulfide interchange. The enzyme could be released from MSN with 10 mM glutathione, which represents intracellular redox conditions, while it remained bound to the MSN at extracellular redox conditions represented by 1 μM glutathione. The activity of the released enzyme was >80% demonstrating that the enzyme was still largely functional and active after immobilization and release. Human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells were incubated with the MSN-CA bioconjugates at various concentrations for 24 h and the data show good biocompatibility. In summary, we demonstrate the potential of MSN as drug delivery systems for proteins.

  15. Intrinsic catalytic role of mesoporous silica in preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in excess hydrogen.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shengjun; Hara, Kenji; Fukuoka, Atsushi

    2012-04-10

    We have studied the intrinsic catalytic role of MCM-41 mesoporous silica in preferential oxidation of CO in excess H(2) (PROX). Two types of MCM-41 supports (MCM-41A and MCM-41B) were obtained from the same pristine as-synthesized materials by using different procedures for surfactant removal: one-step calcination or two-step extraction-calcination. Although two kinds of Pt catalysts prepared from the MCM-41 supports exhibit high similarity in apparent physicochemical parameters such as Pt morphology, particle-size distribution, electronic states, support architecture, and pore-size distribution, they show a dramatic difference in catalytic activity (ca. 100 % versus 10 % CO conversions at 298 K). This feature motivated us to investigate the catalytic role of MCM-41 in the PROX reaction. By means of infrared experiments with the isotope tracer technique, it was revealed that the reactive microenvironment at the interface between Pt and the MCM-41A support is the origin of the high activity. On the highly active Pt/MCM-41A catalyst, interfacial silanols play a decisive role in the ignition of CO oxidation, and gaseous O(2) and H(2) are dissociated on CO-free Pt sites created by the interfacial reaction. The dissociated oxygen and hydrogen are proposed to sustain the catalytic cycle in the form of regenerated silanols on the support, which is catalyzed by the Pt surface in the presence of H(2).

  16. Cyclodextrin-gated mesoporous silica nanoparticles as drug carriers for red light-induced drug release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chai, Shiqiang; Guo, Yu; Zhang, Zhenyu; Chai, Zhen; Ma, Yurong; Qi, Limin

    2017-04-01

    Long wavelength light-responsive drug delivery systems based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have attracted much attention in the last few years. In this paper, a red light (660 nm)-responsive drug delivery system based on low-cost cyclodextrin (CD)-gated MSNs containing a photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizer (Chlorin e6, Ce6) was developed for the first time. The drug release experiment in water demonstrated that with the irradiation of red light, Ce6 can be excited to generate singlet oxygen, which can further cleave the singlet oxygen sensitive linker to trigger the departure of CD and the release of cargo. Further in vitro release experiments confirmed that cargo can be released from MSNs with the irradiation of red light and spread into the entire cell. The relative low power density (0.5 W cm‑2) of excitation light together with the short irradiation time (one–three min) result in a low light dose (30–90 J cm‑2) for the drug delivery, contributing to their potential clinical applications.

  17. Delivery of small interfering RNA by peptide-targeted mesoporous silica nanoparticle-supported lipid bilayers.

    PubMed

    Ashley, Carlee E; Carnes, Eric C; Epler, Katharine E; Padilla, David P; Phillips, Genevieve K; Castillo, Robert E; Wilkinson, Dan C; Wilkinson, Brian S; Burgard, Cameron A; Kalinich, Robin M; Townson, Jason L; Chackerian, Bryce; Willman, Cheryl L; Peabody, David S; Wharton, Walker; Brinker, C Jeffrey

    2012-03-27

    The therapeutic potential of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is severely limited by the availability of delivery platforms that protect siRNA from degradation, deliver it to the target cell with high specificity and efficiency, and promote its endosomal escape and cytosolic dispersion. Here we report that mesoporous silica nanoparticle-supported lipid bilayers (or "protocells") exhibit multiple properties that overcome many of the limitations of existing delivery platforms. Protocells have a 10- to 100-fold greater capacity for siRNA than corresponding lipid nanoparticles and are markedly more stable when incubated under physiological conditions. Protocells loaded with a cocktail of siRNAs bind to cells in a manner dependent on the presence of an appropriate targeting peptide and, through an endocytic pathway followed by endosomal disruption, promote delivery of the silencing nucleotides to the cytoplasm. The expression of each of the genes targeted by the siRNAs was shown to be repressed at the protein level, resulting in a potent induction of growth arrest and apoptosis. Incubation of control cells that lack expression of the antigen recognized by the targeting peptide with siRNA-loaded protocells induced neither repression of protein expression nor apoptosis, indicating the precise specificity of cytotoxic activity. In terms of loading capacity, targeting capabilities, and potency of action, protocells provide unique attributes as a delivery platform for therapeutic oligonucleotides.

  18. Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Loaded with Cisplatin and Phthalocyanine for Combination Chemotherapy and Photodynamic Therapy in vitro

    PubMed Central

    Vivero-Escoto, Juan L.; Elnagheeb, Maram

    2015-01-01

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been synthesized and loaded with both aluminum chloride phthalocyanine (AlClPc) and cisplatin as combinatorial therapeutics for treating cancer. The structural and photophysical properties of the MSN materials were characterized by different spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. Intracellular uptake and cytotoxicity were evaluated in human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assays, respectively. The CLSM experiments showed that the MSN materials can be readily internalized in HeLa cells. The cytotoxic experiments demonstrated that, after light exposure, the combination of both AlClPc and cisplatin compounds in the same MSN platform potentiate the toxic effect against HeLa cells in comparison to the control AlClPc-MSN and cisplatin-MSN materials. These results show the potential of using MSN platforms as nanocarriers for combination photodynamic and chemotherapies to treat cancer. PMID:28347122

  19. Heparinized magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles as multifunctional growth factor delivery carriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Qiang; Liu, Chaoqun; Fan, Luna; Shi, Jiahua; Liu, Zhiqiang; Li, Ruifang; Sun, Liwei

    2012-12-01

    Well-defined magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSNs) with a core/shell structure were prepared via a one pot synthesis. Sphere-like magnetite aggregates were obtained as cores of the final nanoparticles by assembly in the presence of polyvinyl pyrrolidone and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The nanoparticles have the property of superparamagnetism with a saturation magnetization value of 20.3 emu g-1. In addition, the combination of heparin and fluorescence-labeled MMSNs endows the resultant particles (denoted as MFMSNs-HP) with magnetism and fluorescence properties, excellent dispersity in the buffer solutions and cell culture media, anticoagulant activity in the blood stream, and the controlled release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Furthermore, the bFGF cell viability assays indicate that MFMSNs-HP has nearly no toxicity to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) up to a concentration of 200 μg ml-1, and the proliferation activity of bFGF incorporated into MFMSNs-HP could be retained for at least 6 days. All of these suggest that MFMSNs-HP may serve as a multifunctional carrier for the delivery of growth factors.

  20. Fabrication of Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle with Well-Defined Multicompartment Structure as Efficient Drug Carrier for Cancer Therapy in Vitro and in Vivo.

    PubMed

    Wang, Anhe; Yang, Yang; Qi, Yanfei; Qi, Wen; Fei, Jinbo; Ma, Hongchao; Zhao, Jie; Cui, Wei; Li, Junbai

    2016-04-13

    Vaterite particles are composed of particulate CaCO3 nanoparticles, which offer an ideal platform to synthesize architectures with hierarchical structure. Herein we show that mesoporous silica particles with well-defined multicompartment structure are fabricated by employing vaterite particles as templates. The obtained silica particles inherited the structure feature of vaterite and had excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability. Moreover, the silica particles were established as an efficient anticancer drugs carrier compared with hollow silica particles, which could be applied in cancer therapy in vitro and in vivo. The silica particles obtained here offer a cheap, facile, environmentally friendly avenue to assembly of hierarchical drugs carriers.

  1. Biguanide-functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 silica as an efficient solid catalyst for interesterification of vegetable oils.

    PubMed

    Xie, Wenlei; Hu, Libing

    2016-04-15

    The biguanide-functionalized SBA-15 materials were fabricated by grafting of organic biguanide onto the SBA-15 silica through covalent attachments, and then this organic-inorganic hybrid material was employed as solid catalysts for the interesterification of triacylglycerols for the modification of vegetable oils. The prepared catalyst was characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, TEM, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and elemental analysis. The biguanide base was successfully tethered onto the SBA-15 silica with no damage to the ordered mesoporous structure of the silica after the organo-functionalization. The solid catalyst had stronger base strength and could catalyze the interesterification of triacylglycerols. The fatty acid compositions and triacylglycerol profiles of the interesterified products were noticeably varied following the interesterification. The reaction parameters, namely substrate ratio, reaction temperature, catalyst loading and reaction time, were investigated for the interesterification of soybean oil with methyl decanoate. The catalyst could be reused for at least four cycles without significant loss of activity.

  2. Nanoscale zero-valent iron supported on mesoporous silica: characterization and reactivity for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Petala, Eleni; Dimos, Konstantinos; Douvalis, Alexios; Bakas, Thomas; Tucek, Jiri; Zbořil, Radek; Karakassides, Michael A

    2013-10-15

    MCM-41-supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) was sytnhesized by impregnating the mesoporous silica martix with ferric chloride, followed by chemical reduction with NaHB4. The samples were studied with a combination of characterization techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) and Mössbauer spectroscopy, N2 adsorption measurements, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), magnetization measurements, and thermal analysis methods. The experimental data revealed development of nanoscale zero-valent iron particles with an elliptical shape and a maximum size of ∼80 nm, which were randomly distributed and immobilized on the mesoporous silica surface. Surface area measurements showed that the porous MCM-41 host matrix maintains its hexagonal mesoporous order structure and exhibits a considerable high surface area (609 m(2)/g). Mössbauer and magnetization measurements confirmed the presence of core-shell iron nanoparticles composed of a ferromagnetic metallic core and an oxide/hydroxide shell. The kinetic studies demonstrated a rapid removal of Cr(VI) ions from the aqueous solutions in the presence of these stabilized nZVI particles on MCM-41, and a considerably increased reduction capacity per unit mass of material in comparison to that of unsupported nZVI. The results also indicate a highly pH-dependent reduction efficiency of the material, whereas their kinetics was described by a pseudo-first order kinetic model.

  3. A High-Sensitivity and Low-Power Theranostic Nanosystem for Cell SERS Imaging and Selectively Photothermal Therapy Using Anti-EGFR-Conjugated Reduced Graphene Oxide/Mesoporous Silica/AuNPs Nanosheets.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yu-Wei; Liu, Ting-Yu; Chen, Po-Jung; Chang, Po-Hsueh; Chen, San-Yuan

    2016-03-01

    A high-sensitivity and low-power theranostic nanosystem that combines with synergistic photothermal therapy and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) mapping is constructed by mesoporous silica self-assembly on the reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets with nanogap-aligned gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) encapsulated and arranged inside the nanochannels of the mesoporous silica layer. Rhodamine 6G (R6G) as a Raman reporter is then encapsulated into the nanochannels and anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is conjugated on the nanocomposite surface, defined as anti-EGFR-PEG-rGO@CPSS-Au-R6G, where PEG is polyethylene glycol and CPSS is carbon porous silica nanosheets. SERS spectra results show that rGO@CPSS-Au-R6G enhances 5 × 10(6) magnification of the Raman signals and thus can be applied in the noninvasive cell tracking. Furthermore, it displays high sensitivity (detection limits: 10(-8) m R6G solution) due to the "hot spots" effects by the arrangements of AuNPs in the nanochannels of mesoporous silica. The highly selective targeting of overexpressing EGFR lung cancer cells (A549) is observed in the anti-EGFR-PEG-rGO@CPSS-Au-R6G, in contrast to normal cells (MRC-5). High photothermal therapy efficiency with a low power density (0.5 W cm(-2) ) of near-infrared laser can be achieved because of the synergistic effect by conjugated AuNPs and rGO nanosheets. These results demonstrate that the anti-EGFR-PEG-rGO@CPSS-Au-R6G is an excellent new theranostic nanosystem with cell targeting, cell tracking, and photothermal therapy capabilities.

  4. Gold nanoparticles supported on mesoporous silica: origin of high activity and role of Au NPs in selective oxidation of cyclohexane

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Pingping; Bai, Peng; Yan, Zifeng; Zhao, George X. S.

    2016-01-01

    Homogeneous immobilization of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) on mesoporous silica has been achieved by using a one-pot synthesis method in the presence of organosilane mercapto-propyl-trimethoxysilane (MPTMS). The resultant Au NPs exhibited an excellent catalytic activity in the solvent-free selective oxidation of cyclohexane using molecular oxygen. By establishing the structure-performance relationship, the origin of the high activity of mesoporous supported Au catalyst was identified to be due to the presence of low-coordinated Au (0) sites with high dispersion. Au NPs were confirmed to play a critical role in the catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane by promoting the activation of O2 molecules and accelerating the formation of surface-active oxygen species. PMID:26729288

  5. Polydopamine-based surface modification of mesoporous silica nanoparticles as pH-sensitive drug delivery vehicles for cancer therapy.

    PubMed

    Chang, Danfeng; Gao, Yongfeng; Wang, Lijun; Liu, Gan; Chen, Yuhan; Wang, Teng; Tao, Wei; Mei, Lin; Huang, Laiqiang; Zeng, Xiaowei

    2016-02-01

    A novel pH-sensitive drug delivery system of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) which were modified by polydopamine (PDA) for controlled release of cationic amphiphilic drug desipramine (DES) was prepared. MSNs-DES-PDA were characterized in terms of size, size distribution, surface morphology, BET surface area, mesoporous size and pore volume, drug loading content and in vitro drug release profile. MSNs-DES-PDA had high drug loading content and pH sensitivity. The DES release profiles of MSNs-DES and MSNs-DES-PDA were totally different, and the drug release of MSNs-DES-PDA accelerated with increasing acidity. MSNs-DES-PDA can be internalized into cells. In vitro experiments demonstrated that MSNs-DES-PDA had higher cytotoxicity and inhibitory effects on acid sphingomyelinase than those of free DES. This drug delivery system was beneficial for controlled release and cancer therapy.

  6. Immobilization of HRP in Mesoporous Silica and Its Application for the Construction of Polyaniline Modified Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chien-Chung; Do, Jing-Shan; Gu, Yesong

    2009-01-01

    Polyaniline (PANI), an attractive conductive polymer, has been successfully applied in fabricating various types of enzyme-based biosensors. In this study, we have employed mesoporous silica SBA-15 to stably entrap horseradish peroxidase (HRP), and then deposited the loaded SBA-15 on the PANI modified platinum electrode to construct a GA/SBA-15(HRP)/PANI/Pt biosensor. The mesoporous structures and morphologies of SBA-15 with or without HRP were characterized. Enzymatic protein assays were employed to evaluate HRP immobilization efficiency. Our results demonstrated that the constructed biosensor displayed a fine linear correlation between cathodic response and H2O2 concentration in the range of 0.02 to 18.5 mM, with enhanced sensitivity. In particular, the current approach provided the PANI modified biosensor with improved stability for multiple measurements. PMID:22408546

  7. Fast solid-phase extraction of N-linked glycopeptides by amine-functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Miao, Weili; Zhang, Cheng; Cai, Yan; Zhang, Ying; Lu, Haojie

    2016-04-21

    Selective enrichment is a crucial step before the mass spectrometric analysis of glycoproteins. A new approach using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-functionalized mesoporous silica materials (SBA-15) was reported to enrich the glycoproteins. Selective extraction of glycopeptides was achieved through coupling the oxidized glycan chains on the glycopeptides with the amine groups on SBA-15 through a reductive amination reaction, then the captured glycopeptides were detached from the SBA-15 for the following MS analysis using the enzyme PNGase F. Because the mesoporous material has a confinement effect, the efficiency of enrichment and enzymatic deglycosylation was improved dramatically. The coupling time was shortened from 4 hours to 1 hour, and the deglycosylation time was greatly shortened from 6 hours to 3 hours. This approach was successfully applied to profile the N-glycoproteome of human colorectal cancer serum. 84 N-linked glycosylation sites from 56 N-linked glycoproteins were identified from as little as 5 μL serum.

  8. A general strategy for site-directed enzyme immobilization by using NiO nanoparticle decorated mesoporous silica.

    PubMed

    Ling, Daishun; Gao, Liqian; Wang, Jianpeng; Shokouhimehr, Mohammadreza; Liu, Jiahui; Yu, Yongsheng; Hackett, Michael J; So, Pui-Kin; Zheng, Bo; Yao, Zhongping; Xia, Jiang; Hyeon, Taeghwan

    2014-06-23

    Mesoporous materials have recently gained much attention owing to their large surface area, narrow pore size distribution, and superior pore structure. These materials have been demonstrated as excellent solid supports for immobilization of a variety of proteins and enzymes for their potential applications as biocatalysts in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. However, the lack of efficient and reproducible methods for immobilization has limited the activity and recyclability of these biocatalysts. Furthermore, the biocatalysts are usually not robust owing to their rapid denaturation in bulk solvents. To solve these problems, we designed a novel hybrid material system, mesoporous silica immobilized with NiO nanoparticles (SBA-NiO), wherein enzyme immobilization is directed to specific sites on the pore surface of the material. This yielded the biocatalytic species with higher activity than free enzyme in solution. These biocatalytic species are recyclable with minimal loss of activity after several cycles, demonstrating an advantage over free enzymes.

  9. Imbibition in mesoporous silica: rheological concepts and experiments on water and a liquid crystal.

    PubMed

    Gruener, Simon; Huber, Patrick

    2011-05-11

    We present, along with some fundamental concepts regarding imbibition of liquids in porous hosts, an experimental, gravimetric study on the capillarity-driven invasion dynamics of water and of the rod-like liquid crystal octyloxycyanobiphenyl (8OCB) in networks of pores a few nanometers across in monolithic silica glass (Vycor). We observe, in agreement with theoretical predictions, square root of time invasion dynamics and a sticky velocity boundary condition for both liquids investigated. Temperature-dependent spontaneous imbibition experiments on 8OCB reveal the existence of a paranematic phase due to the molecular alignment induced by the pore walls even at temperatures well beyond the clearing point. The ever present velocity gradient in the pores is likely to further enhance this ordering phenomenon and prevent any layering in molecular stacks, eventually resulting in a suppression of the smectic phase in favor of the nematic phase.

  10. Facile large-scale synthesis of brain-like mesoporous silica nanocomposites via a selective etching process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yu; Wang, Qihua; Wang, Tingmei

    2015-10-01

    The core-shell structured mesoporous silica nanomaterials (MSNs) are experiencing rapid development in many applications such as heterogeneous catalysis, bio-imaging and drug delivery wherein a large pore volume is desirable. We develop a one-pot method for large-scale synthesis of brain-like mesoporous silica nanocomposites based on the reasonable change of the intrinsic nature of the -Si-O-Si- framework of silica nanoparticles together with a selective etching strategy. The as-synthesized products show good monodispersion and a large pore volume of 1.0 cm3 g-1. The novelty of this approach lies in the use of an inorganic-organic hybrid layer to assist the creation of large-pore morphology on the outermost shell thereby promoting efficient mass transfer or storage. Importantly, the method is reliable and grams of products can be easily prepared. The morphology on the outermost silica shell can be controlled by simply adjusting the VTES-to-TEOS molar ratio (VTES: triethoxyvinylsilane, TEOS: tetraethyl orthosilicate) as well as the etching time. The as-synthesized products exhibit fluorescence performance by incorporating rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RITC) covalently into the inner silica walls, which provide potential application in bioimaging. We also demonstrate the applications of as-synthesized large-pore structured nanocomposites in drug delivery systems and stimuli-responsive nanoreactors for heterogeneous catalysis.The core-shell structured mesoporous silica nanomaterials (MSNs) are experiencing rapid development in many applications such as heterogeneous catalysis, bio-imaging and drug delivery wherein a large pore volume is desirable. We develop a one-pot method for large-scale synthesis of brain-like mesoporous silica nanocomposites based on the reasonable change of the intrinsic nature of the -Si-O-Si- framework of silica nanoparticles together with a selective etching strategy. The as-synthesized products show good monodispersion and a large pore volume

  11. Synthesis of cubic Ia-3d mesoporous silica in anionic surfactant templating system with the aid of acetate.