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Sample records for alj issues decision

  1. 42 CFR 423.2102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or... Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2102 Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. (a)(1) An enrollee to the ALJ hearing may request a MAC review if the enrollee...

  2. 42 CFR 405.1102 - Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or...) Medicare Appeals Council Review § 405.1102 Request for MAC review when ALJ issues decision or dismissal. (a)(1) A party to the ALJ hearing may request a MAC review if the party files a written request for...

  3. 42 CFR 405.1104 - Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a decision timely.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a...) Medicare Appeals Council Review § 405.1104 Request for MAC review when an ALJ does not issue a decision... under § 405.1016 may request MAC review if— (1) The appellant files a written request with the ALJ...

  4. 45 CFR 160.546 - ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ's decision. 160.546 Section 160.546 Public... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.546 ALJ's decision. (a) The ALJ must... be final and binding on the parties 60 days from the date of service of the ALJ's decision....

  5. 42 CFR 423.2046 - Notice of an ALJ decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review...; and (3) Notification of the right to appeal the decision to the MAC, including instructions on how to... directed to do so in a MAC remand order. An ALJ may not issue a recommended decision on his or her...

  6. 42 CFR 405.1064 - ALJ decisions involving statistical samples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. 405... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1064 ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. When an appeal from the QIC involves an overpayment issue and the QIC used a statistical sample in reaching...

  7. 42 CFR 405.1064 - ALJ decisions involving statistical samples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. 405... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1064 ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. When an appeal from the QIC involves an overpayment issue and the QIC used a statistical sample in reaching...

  8. 42 CFR 405.1064 - ALJ decisions involving statistical samples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. 405... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1064 ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. When an appeal from the QIC involves an overpayment issue and the QIC used a statistical sample in reaching...

  9. 42 CFR 405.1064 - ALJ decisions involving statistical samples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. 405... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1064 ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. When an appeal from the QIC involves an overpayment issue and the QIC used a statistical sample in reaching...

  10. 42 CFR 405.1064 - ALJ decisions involving statistical samples.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. 405... Medicare Coverage Policies § 405.1064 ALJ decisions involving statistical samples. When an appeal from the QIC involves an overpayment issue and the QIC used a statistical sample in reaching...

  11. 42 CFR 423.2048 - The effect of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2048 The effect of an ALJ's decision. The decision of the ALJ is binding unless— (a) An enrollee requests a review of the decision by the MAC within the stated time period or the MAC reviews the decision issued by an ALJ under the procedures set forth in § 423.2110,...

  12. 49 CFR 107.323 - ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false ALJ's decision. 107.323 Section 107.323 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PROGRAM PROCEDURES Enforcement Compliance Orders and Civil Penalties § 107.323 ALJ's decision. (a)...

  13. 49 CFR 107.323 - ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ's decision. 107.323 Section 107.323 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PROGRAM PROCEDURES Enforcement Compliance Orders and Civil Penalties § 107.323 ALJ's decision. (a)...

  14. 49 CFR 107.323 - ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false ALJ's decision. 107.323 Section 107.323 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY... PROGRAM PROCEDURES Enforcement Compliance Orders and Civil Penalties § 107.323 ALJ's decision. (a)...

  15. 7 CFR 15f.16 - Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing? 15f.16 Section 15f.16 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADJUDICATIONS UNDER SECTION 741 If I Request a Hearing, What Will Happen? How Will the Hearing Be Conducted? § 15f.16 Although I request...

  16. 42 CFR 423.2046 - Notice of an ALJ decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... within the 10 calendar day adjudication timeframe under § 423.2016(b)(5). (2) The decision must be based... reconsideration, unless the 90 calendar day period is extended as provided in § 423.2016. For expedited hearings... provided in § 423.2016. (e) Recommended decision. An ALJ issues a recommended decision if he or she...

  17. 42 CFR 423.2046 - Notice of an ALJ decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the 10 calendar day adjudication timeframe under § 423.2016(b)(5). (2) The decision must be based on... reconsideration, unless the 90 calendar day period is extended as provided in § 423.2016. For expedited hearings... provided in § 423.2016. (e) Recommended decision. An ALJ issues a recommended decision if he or she...

  18. 42 CFR 405.1032 - Issues before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issues before an ALJ. 405.1032 Section 405.1032..., Reconsiderations, and Appeals Under Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) Alj Hearings § 405.1032 Issues before an ALJ. (a) General rule. The issues before the ALJ include all the issues brought out in the...

  19. 42 CFR 423.2032 - Issues before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issues before an ALJ. 423.2032 Section 423.2032 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  20. 45 CFR 160.548 - Appeal of the ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... or remand any penalty determined by the ALJ. (h) The standard of review on a disputed issue of fact... Secretary under paragraph (j) of this section. (2) In compliance with 28 U.S.C. 2112(a), a copy of...

  1. 42 CFR 426.462 - Notice of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice of an ALJ's decision. 426.462 Section 426.462 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE...

  2. 42 CFR 426.460 - Effect of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of an ALJ's decision. 426.460 Section 426.460 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE...

  3. 7 CFR 15f.16 - Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... file any other arguments or evidence that you wish the ALJ to consider. The agency and OCR will have 35... Section 741 Complaint Request, the OCR report, and any other evidence or written documents filed by...

  4. 7 CFR 15f.16 - Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... file any other arguments or evidence that you wish the ALJ to consider. The agency and OCR will have 35... Section 741 Complaint Request, the OCR report, and any other evidence or written documents filed by...

  5. 7 CFR 15f.16 - Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... file any other arguments or evidence that you wish the ALJ to consider. The agency and OCR will have 35... Section 741 Complaint Request, the OCR report, and any other evidence or written documents filed by...

  6. 7 CFR 15f.16 - Although I request a hearing, may I request the ALJ to issue a decision without a hearing?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... file any other arguments or evidence that you wish the ALJ to consider. The agency and OCR will have 35... Section 741 Complaint Request, the OCR report, and any other evidence or written documents filed by...

  7. 45 CFR 2554.20 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 2554.20 Section 2554.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION... § 2554.20 How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? (a) All applications to the ALJ for...

  8. 45 CFR 2554.20 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 2554.20 Section 2554.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION... § 2554.20 How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? (a) All applications to the ALJ for...

  9. 45 CFR 2554.20 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 2554.20 Section 2554.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION... § 2554.20 How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? (a) All applications to the ALJ for...

  10. 45 CFR 2554.20 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 2554.20 Section 2554.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION... § 2554.20 How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? (a) All applications to the ALJ for...

  11. 45 CFR 2554.20 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 2554.20 Section 2554.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION... § 2554.20 How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? (a) All applications to the ALJ for...

  12. 13 CFR 142.19 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 142.19 Section 142.19 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... attention of the ALJ? All applications to the ALJ for an order or ruling are made by motion, stating...

  13. 13 CFR 142.19 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 142.19 Section 142.19 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... attention of the ALJ? All applications to the ALJ for an order or ruling are made by motion, stating...

  14. 13 CFR 142.19 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 142.19 Section 142.19 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... attention of the ALJ? All applications to the ALJ for an order or ruling are made by motion, stating...

  15. 13 CFR 142.19 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 142.19 Section 142.19 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... attention of the ALJ? All applications to the ALJ for an order or ruling are made by motion, stating...

  16. 13 CFR 142.19 - How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How are issues brought to the attention of the ALJ? 142.19 Section 142.19 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... attention of the ALJ? All applications to the ALJ for an order or ruling are made by motion, stating...

  17. 42 CFR 426.468 - Decision to not appeal an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Decision to not appeal an ALJ's decision. 426.468 Section 426.468 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  18. 42 CFR 405.1140 - MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a Federal district court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a...) Medicare Appeals Council Review § 405.1140 MAC review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a Federal... district court for further consideration and the MAC remands the case to an ALJ, a decision...

  19. 42 CFR 423.2140 - MAC Review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a Federal District Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false MAC Review of ALJ decision in a case remanded by a... BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2140 MAC Review of ALJ decision in..., when a case is remanded by a Federal District Court for further consideration and the MAC remands...

  20. 13 CFR 134.617 - May I seek review of the ALJ's decision on my award?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... RULES OF PROCEDURE GOVERNING CASES BEFORE THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Implementation of the Equal Access to Justice Act § 134.617 May I seek review of the ALJ's decision on my award? You may...

  1. 42 CFR 426.447 - Issuance and notification of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance and notification of an ALJ's decision. 426.447 Section 426.447 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND...

  2. 42 CFR 426.455 - Prohibited provisions of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibited provisions of an ALJ's decision. 426.455 Section 426.455 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  3. 42 CFR 426.476 - Board review of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Board review of an ALJ's decision. 426.476 Section 426.476 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  4. 42 CFR 426.480 - Withdrawing an appeal of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Withdrawing an appeal of an ALJ's decision. 426.480 Section 426.480 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  5. 42 CFR 426.450 - Mandatory provisions of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mandatory provisions of an ALJ's decision. 426.450 Section 426.450 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  6. 42 CFR 426.487 - Board's record on appeal of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Board's record on appeal of an ALJ's decision. 426.487 Section 426.487 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND...

  7. 42 CFR 426.457 - Optional provisions of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Optional provisions of an ALJ's decision. 426.457 Section 426.457 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  8. 42 CFR 426.465 - Appealing part or all of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appealing part or all of an ALJ's decision. 426.465 Section 426.465 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  9. 42 CFR 405.1046 - Notice of an ALJ decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... reconsideration determination, and to the contractor that issued the initial determination. For overpayment cases..., including, to the extent appropriate, a summary of any clinical or scientific evidence used in making...

  10. 42 CFR 405.855 - ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... decision. (1) An ALJ's decision is binding on all parties to the hearing unless— (i) The DAB reviews the ALJ decision; (ii) The DAB does not review the ALJ decision, and the party requests judicial review; (iii) The decision is revised by the DAB or an ALJ in accordance with the provisions of § 405.750...

  11. 42 CFR 426.470 - Board's role in docketing and evaluating the acceptability of appeals of ALJ decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Board's role in docketing and evaluating the acceptability of appeals of ALJ decisions. 426.470 Section 426.470 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL...

  12. 42 CFR 426.478 - Retiring or revising an LCD during the Board's review of an ALJ's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Retiring or revising an LCD during the Board's review of an ALJ's decision. 426.478 Section 426.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL...

  13. 42 CFR 423.2052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2052 Dismissal of a request for a hearing before... issues because an IRE, an ALJ or the MAC has made a previous determination or decision under this subpart... to request that the MAC vacate the dismissal action. (c) Discontinuation of a hearing....

  14. 42 CFR 423.2020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2020 Section 423.2020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... enrollee may also waive the right to a hearing and request that the ALJ issue a decision based on...

  15. 42 CFR 423.2020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2020 Section 423.2020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... right to a hearing and request that the ALJ issue a decision based on the written evidence in the...

  16. 42 CFR 423.2020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2020 Section 423.2020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... enrollee may also waive the right to a hearing and request that the ALJ issue a decision based on...

  17. 45 CFR 150.417 - Issues to be heard and decided by ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS Administrative Hearings § 150.417...) May consider evidence of record relating to any factor that CMS did not apply in making its initial... assess a civil money penalty, the ALJ may sustain, reduce, or increase the penalty that CMS assessed....

  18. 45 CFR 681.37 - What are the procedures for appealing the ALJ decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 681.37 What are... initial decision, whichever applies. (e) A notice of appeal must be supported by a written...

  19. 49 CFR 1503.655 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... issue an initial decision after the conclusion of the hearing or after the submission of written posthearing briefs, if so ordered. In each oral or written decision, the ALJ must include findings of fact and... issued in the proceedings. The ALJ is not required to provide a written explanation for rulings...

  20. 7 CFR 1.660 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... referral notice under § 1.625(c), 43 CFR 45.25(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must... Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 1.660 What are the requirements...

  1. 7 CFR 1.660 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... referral notice under § 1.625(c), 43 CFR 45.25(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must... Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 1.660 What are the requirements...

  2. 7 CFR 1.660 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... referral notice under § 1.625(c), 43 CFR 45.25(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must... Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 1.660 What are the requirements...

  3. 7 CFR 1.660 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... referral notice under § 1.625(c), 43 CFR 45.25(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must... Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 1.660 What are the requirements...

  4. 43 CFR 45.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... issuance of the referral notice under § 45.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The... PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 45.60 What are...

  5. 43 CFR 45.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... issuance of the referral notice under § 45.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The... PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 45.60 What are...

  6. 43 CFR 45.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... issuance of the referral notice under § 45.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The... PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 45.60 What are...

  7. 43 CFR 45.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... issuance of the referral notice under § 45.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The... PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process Hearing, Briefing, and Decision § 45.60 What are...

  8. 7 CFR 1.660 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... referral notice under § 1.625(c), 43 CFR 45.25(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must... to make the findings of fact (such as rulings on materiality and on the admissibility of...

  9. 50 CFR 221.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... notice under § 221.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 43 CFR 45.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The decision must contain... make the findings of fact (such as rulings on materiality and on the admissibility of evidence);...

  10. 76 FR 60873 - Jeffery M. Freesemann, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Enforcement Administration Jeffery M. Freesemann, M.D.; Decision and Order On January 24, 2011, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) John J. Mulrooney, II, issued the attached recommended decision. The Respondent did not file exceptions to the decision. Having considered the ALJ's decision and the record in light...

  11. 42 CFR 423.2030 - ALJ hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... that are material to the issues consistent with § 423.2018. (c) Missing evidence. The ALJ may also stop... evidence missing at the hearing. (d) Reopen the hearing. The ALJ may reopen the hearing at any time...

  12. 42 CFR 498.74 - Administrative Law Judge's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... content. As soon as practical after the close of the hearing, the ALJ issues a written decision in the... and conclusions of law. (b) Notice and effect. A copy of the decision is mailed to the parties and...

  13. Ethical Decision Making: Basic Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, C. Bret

    2008-01-01

    Among counselors, ethical dilemmas occur often. Although ethical dilemmas are challenging, they can be solved by implementing a code of ethics and/or an ethical decision-making model. Using case studies, the authors illustrate how counselors can make informed, accurate decisions that are made to protect the welfare of the client. It also helps…

  14. 42 CFR 1005.20 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... commence on the date such exclusion originally went into effect. (c) The ALJ will issue the initial... briefs, if permitted, has expired. The decision will be accompanied by a statement describing the...

  15. 77 FR 45675 - Margy Temponeras, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... Judge (ALJ) Timothy D. Wing issued the attached recommended decision. Neither party filed exceptions to... encompasses the factors listed in Section 824(a).'' ALJ at 19 n.24 (citing Kuen H. Chen, M.D., 58 FR 65401... 21 U.S.C. 824(a).'' 58 FR at 65402. However, whether this constitutes a holding or merely...

  16. 42 CFR 405.1044 - Consolidated hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. 405.1044... Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. (a) A consolidated hearing may be held if one or more of the issues to be... waive the adjudication deadline for any of the consolidated cases. (d) Before consolidating a...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1044 - Consolidated hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. 405.1044... Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. (a) A consolidated hearing may be held if one or more of the issues to be... waive the adjudication deadline for any of the consolidated cases. (d) Before consolidating a...

  18. 6 CFR 13.37 - Initial Decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Initial Decision. 13.37 Section 13.37 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.37 Initial Decision. (a) The ALJ will issue an Initial Decision based only on the record, which will...

  19. 6 CFR 13.37 - Initial Decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Initial Decision. 13.37 Section 13.37 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.37 Initial Decision. (a) The ALJ will issue an Initial Decision based only on the record, which will...

  20. 49 CFR 1503.655 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... written initial decision on each party. (c) Order assessing civil penalty. Unless appealed pursuant to... issue an initial decision after the conclusion of the hearing or after the submission of written posthearing briefs, if so ordered. In each oral or written decision, the ALJ must include findings of fact...

  1. 42 CFR 423.2030 - ALJ hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... to the issues consistent with § 423.2018. (c) Missing evidence. The ALJ may also stop the hearing temporarily and continue it at a later date if he or she believes that there is material evidence missing...

  2. 78 FR 26069 - Top RX Pharmacy; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... Enforcement Administration Top RX Pharmacy; Decision and Order On November 8, 2012, Chief Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) John J. Mulrooney, II, issued the attached Recommended Decision. Neither party filed exceptions to the Recommended Decision. Having reviewed the record in its entirety, I have decided to...

  3. Decision Making and Systems Thinking: Educational Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurtseven, M. Kudret; Buchanan, Walter W.

    2016-01-01

    Decision making in most universities is taught within the conventional OR/MS (Operations Research/Management Science) paradigm. This paradigm is known to be "hard" since it is consisted of mathematical tools, and normally suitable for solving structured problems. In complex situations the conventional OR/MS paradigm proves to be…

  4. Fuzzy decision trees: issues and methods.

    PubMed

    Janikow, C Z

    1998-01-01

    Decision trees are one of the most popular choices for learning and reasoning from feature-based examples. They have undergone a number of alterations to deal with language and measurement uncertainties. We present another modification, aimed at combining symbolic decision trees with approximate reasoning offered by fuzzy representation. The intent is to exploit complementary advantages of both: popularity in applications to learning from examples, high knowledge comprehensibility of decision trees, and the ability to deal with inexact and uncertain information of fuzzy representation. The merger utilizes existing methodologies in both areas to full advantage, but is by no means trivial. In particular, knowledge inferences must be newly defined for the fuzzy tree. We propose a number of alternatives, based on rule-based systems and fuzzy control. We also explore capabilities that the new framework provides. The resulting learning method is most suitable for stationary problems, with both numerical and symbolic features, when the goal is both high knowledge comprehensibility and gradually changing output. We describe the methodology and provide simple illustrations.

  5. Integrating post-manufacturing issues into design and manufacturing decisions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eubanks, Charles F.

    1996-01-01

    An investigation is conducted on research into some of the fundamental issues underlying the design for manufacturing, service and recycling that affect engineering decisions early in the conceptual design phase of mechanical systems. The investigation focuses on a system-based approach to material selection, manufacturing methods and assembly processes related to overall product requirements, performance and life-cycle costs. Particular emphasis is placed on concurrent engineering decision support for post-manufacturing issues such as serviceability, recyclability, and product retirement.

  6. 77 FR 19322 - Daniel B. Brubaker, D.O.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration Daniel B. Brubaker, D.O.; Decision and Order On April 29, 2011, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) Timothy D. Wing issued the attached recommended decision. Neither party filed exceptions to the decision. Having reviewed...

  7. Great Decisions 1990: Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

    The 1990 Great Decisions program, part of an annual series on foreign policy issues, is intended to create better better public understanding through information and analyses of important international issues. Current information is presented so that participants may be stimulated toward discussion, form opinions and contribute to the policy…

  8. 10 CFR 1013.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... assure that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the... the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding... matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the course of the hearing and...

  9. 22 CFR 224.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., maintain order, and assure that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ may: (1) Set and change the... the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding... matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the course of the hearing and...

  10. 49 CFR 31.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date... the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding... matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the course of the hearing and...

  11. 22 CFR 224.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., maintain order, and assure that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ may: (1) Set and change the... the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding... matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the course of the hearing and...

  12. 41 CFR 105-70.018 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date... the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding... matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the course of the hearing and...

  13. 34 CFR 33.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... assure that a record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to: (1) Set and change the... or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of... procedural matters; (8) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (9) Regulate the course of the...

  14. Developing Decision-Making Skills for Socio-Scientific Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yeung Chung

    2007-01-01

    The ability to make informed decisions on science-related social issues is considered an important attribute of scientific literacy. Literature to inform science educators how to bridge the gap between rhetoric and practice--and to assist them in developing this attribute in their students--burgeons. In view of the great diversity of…

  15. Great Decisions 1989. Foreign Policy Issues Facing the Nation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

    This briefing book provides the only material needed to participate in the 1989 Great Decisions national non-partisan program of volunteer run discussions on U.S. foreign policy issues for classrooms and community groups. Everyone who participates in the program is invited to fill out the opinion ballots provided in the back of the book; the…

  16. 34 CFR 86.410 - What are the procedures for issuance of a decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... issues a written decision to the IHE, the designated Department official, and the Secretary by certified... her intention to review by written notice sent within 15 days of the Secretary's receipt of the ALJ's decision. (c)(1) Either party may request review by the Secretary by submitting a brief or...

  17. 29 CFR 24.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENERGY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED Litigation § 24.109 Decision and orders of the... cases arising under the Safe Drinking Water Act or the Toxic Substances Control Act, exemplary damages... brought under the Energy Reorganization Act, when an ALJ issues a decision that the complaint has...

  18. 29 CFR 24.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENERGY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED Litigation § 24.109 Decision and orders of the... cases arising under the Safe Drinking Water Act or the Toxic Substances Control Act, exemplary damages... brought under the Energy Reorganization Act, when an ALJ issues a decision that the complaint has...

  19. 29 CFR 24.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ENERGY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED Litigation § 24.109 Decision and orders of the... cases arising under the Safe Drinking Water Act or the Toxic Substances Control Act, exemplary damages... brought under the Energy Reorganization Act, when an ALJ issues a decision that the complaint has...

  20. 29 CFR 24.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENERGY REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED Litigation § 24.109 Decision and orders of the... cases arising under the Safe Drinking Water Act or the Toxic Substances Control Act, exemplary damages... brought under the Energy Reorganization Act, when an ALJ issues a decision that the complaint has...

  1. Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

    1999-05-01

    This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

  2. 76 FR 60922 - Kimberly Maloney, N.P.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Judge Timothy D. Wing issued the attached recommended decision. Neither party filed exceptions to the... Drugs, 56 FR 46014 (1995)). Contrary to the ALJ's understanding, the Agency has long since resolved both issues. In Edson W. Redard, 65 FR 30616 (2000), a practitioner, who was charged with three felony...

  3. 20 CFR 30.316 - How does the FAB issue a final decision on a claim?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How does the FAB issue a final decision on a... Adjudicatory Process Hearings and Final Decisions on Claims § 30.316 How does the FAB issue a final decision on... waives any objections to all or part of the recommended decision, the FAB may issue a final...

  4. Decision making under uncertainty: An investigation into the application of formal decision-making methods to safety issue decisions

    SciTech Connect

    Bohn, M P

    1992-12-01

    As part of the NRC-sponsored program to study the implications of Generic Issue 57, Effects of Fire Protection System Actuation on Safety-Related Equipment,'' a subtask was performed to evaluate the applicability of formal decision analysis methods to generic issues cost/benefit-type decisions and to apply these methods to the GI-57 results. In this report, the numerical results obtained from the analysis of three plants (two PWRs and one BWR) as developed in the technical resolution program for GI-57 were studied. For each plant, these results included a calculation of the person-REM averted due to various accident scenarios and various proposed modifications to mitigate the accident scenarios identified. These results were recomputed to break out the benefit in terms of contributions due to random event scenarios, fire event scenarios, and seismic event scenarios. Furthermore, the benefits associated with risk (in terms of person-REM) averted from earthquakes at three different seismic ground motion levels were separately considered. Given this data, formal decision methodologies involving decision trees, value functions, and utility functions were applied to this basic data. It is shown that the formal decision methodology can be applied at several different levels. Examples are given in which the decision between several retrofits is changed from that resulting from a simple cost/benefit-ratio criterion by virtue of the decision-makinger's expressed (and assumed) preferences.

  5. Politics of environmental decision making: the non-degradation issue

    SciTech Connect

    Hyde, A.C.

    1980-01-01

    The Sierra Club filed suit in May, 1972 to prevent EPA from approving any state impolementation plan that did not contain provisions for maintaining nondegradation of air quality and was upheld in June 1973 by the US Supreme Court. The outcome of the nondegradation policymaking process constitutes one focus of this case study. Policy style, or the tactics and techniques chosen by policy partipants, also is examined as a critical determinant of policy decisions. The environmental policymaking process was found to be legislative in character because of the large number of interested parties participating, the existence of considerable disagreement over goals and alternatives, and the high degree of controversy and uncertainty that surrounded policy issues. EPA's strategies in policymaking incorporated compromise and negotiation plus additional tactics of avoidance of controversial issues, referral of deliberations to subordinate groups, and expression of policies in ambiguous terms or using unrealistic assumptions. Another feature characteristic of environmental policymaking was the degree to which government agencies exhibited interest-group characteristics in pursuit of various positions during the interagency review process. One last finding of significance showed that EPA deliberations were conducted without unexplained influences or impacts from private interest groups. EPA's final policy decision, like its policymaking process, was a carefully constructed compromise.

  6. 34 CFR 366.42 - When does a Director issue a final written decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true When does a Director issue a final written decision? 366... LIVING Enforcement and Appeals Procedures § 366.42 When does a Director issue a final written decision... written notice, a final written decision approving or disapproving the center's corrective action plan...

  7. The Effect of Using Socio-Scientific Issues Approach in Teaching Environmental Issues on Improving the Students' Ability of Making Appropriate Decisions towards These Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zo'bi, Abdallah Salim

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to identify nature of students' decisions patterns towards environmental issues and the possibility to improve these decisions during teaching process using Socio-Scientific Issues Approach. And to achieve this, the researcher prepared and developed tools of the study represented by a test of open questions focused on…

  8. 42 CFR 405.1038 - Deciding a case without a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... decision is based. (b) Parties do not wish to appear. (1) The ALJ may decide a case on the record and not conduct a hearing if— (i) All the parties indicate in writing that they do not wish to appear before the... wants to appear, and there are no other parties who wish to appear. (2) When a hearing is not held,...

  9. 42 CFR 405.1038 - Deciding a case without a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... decision is based. (b) Parties do not wish to appear. (1) The ALJ may decide a case on the record and not conduct a hearing if— (i) All the parties indicate in writing that they do not wish to appear before the... wants to appear, and there are no other parties who wish to appear. (2) When a hearing is not held,...

  10. Issues in Distance Education: A Primer for Higher Education Decision Makers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaudoin, Michael

    2016-01-01

    This chapter presents an overview of current issues related to distance learning in higher education. It identifies central questions, issues, challenges, and opportunities that must be addressed by decision makers, as well as key attributes of effective leaders.

  11. 25 CFR 162.598 - When will BIA issue a decision on an appeal from a WSR leasing decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When will BIA issue a decision on an appeal from a WSR leasing decision? 162.598 Section 162.598 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Wind and Solar Resource Leases Wsr Lease Effectiveness,...

  12. 25 CFR 162.598 - When will BIA issue a decision on an appeal from a WSR leasing decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When will BIA issue a decision on an appeal from a WSR leasing decision? 162.598 Section 162.598 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Wind and Solar Resource Leases Wsr Lease Effectiveness,...

  13. Does Evidence Matter? How Middle School Students Make Decisions about Socioscientific Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Katherine Beth

    2013-01-01

    People worldwide are faced with making decisions daily. While many decisions are quick (e.g., what clothes to wear), others, such as those about environmental issues (e.g., overfishing), require more thought and have less immediate outcomes. How one makes such decisions depends on how one interprets, evaluates, and uses evidence. The central…

  14. EPA Growing DASEES (Decision Analysis For A Sustainable Environment, Economy & Society) - To Aid In Making Decisions On Complex Environmental Issues

    EPA Science Inventory

    Having a framework and tools to help sort through complicated environmental issues in an objective way would be useful to communities and risk managers, and all the stakeholders affected by these issues. This is one need that DASEES (Decision Analysis for a Sustainable En...

  15. 10 CFR 780.34 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criteria for decision to issue a license. 780.34 Section 780.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Application for a License Pursuant to Section 153b(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.34 Criteria for decision to issue...

  16. 10 CFR 780.34 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criteria for decision to issue a license. 780.34 Section 780.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Application for a License Pursuant to Section 153b(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.34 Criteria for decision to issue...

  17. 10 CFR 780.34 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criteria for decision to issue a license. 780.34 Section 780.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Application for a License Pursuant to Section 153b(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.34 Criteria for decision to issue...

  18. 10 CFR 780.34 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criteria for decision to issue a license. 780.34 Section 780.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Application for a License Pursuant to Section 153b(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.34 Criteria for decision to issue...

  19. 10 CFR 780.34 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criteria for decision to issue a license. 780.34 Section 780.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PATENT COMPENSATION BOARD REGULATIONS Application for a License Pursuant to Section 153b(2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.34 Criteria for decision to issue...

  20. Students' Reasoning Processes in Making Decisions about an Authentic, Local Socio-Scientific Issue: Bat Conservation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yeung Chung; Grace, Marcus

    2010-01-01

    Education for scientific literacy entails the development of scientific knowledge and the ability to apply this knowledge and value judgments to decisions about real-life issues. This paper reports an attempt to involve secondary level biology students in making decisions about an authentic socio-scientific issue--that of bat conservation--through…

  1. The Space Shuttle Disaster: Ethical Issues in Organizational Decision-Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Ronald C.; Jaksa, James A.

    Arguing that the issue of organizational decision making and bureaucratic responsibility in the use of technologies with potential for creating social harm should concern everyone, this paper explores the ethical issues raised by organizational decisions concerning the launch of the space shuttle "Challenger." The paper first describes a…

  2. How Students' Values Are Intertwined with Decisions in a Socio-Scientific Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Demetra; Hadjichambis, Andreas Ch.; Korfiatis, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    The present study incorporated a scaffolding decision making procedure on an authentic environmental socio-scientific issue and investigated how students' decisions are intertwined with their values. Computer-based activities provided necessary information and allowed for the consideration of multiple aspects of the issue, the study of the effects…

  3. 24 CFR 180.210 - Withdrawal or disqualification of ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY CONSOLIDATED HUD HEARING PROCEDURES FOR CIVIL RIGHTS MATTERS Administrative Law Judge § 180.210 Withdrawal or disqualification of ALJ. (a) Disqualification. If an ALJ...

  4. 24 CFR 180.210 - Withdrawal or disqualification of ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... EMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY CONSOLIDATED HUD HEARING PROCEDURES FOR CIVIL RIGHTS MATTERS Administrative Law Judge § 180.210 Withdrawal or disqualification of ALJ. (a) Disqualification. If an ALJ...

  5. 42 CFR 423.2044 - Consolidated hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. 423.2044..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2044 Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. (a) A consolidated... consolidated cases. (d) Before consolidating a hearing, the ALJ must notify CMS of his or her intention to...

  6. 42 CFR 423.2044 - Consolidated hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. 423.2044..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2044 Consolidated hearing before an ALJ. (a) A consolidated... consolidated cases. (d) Before consolidating a hearing, the ALJ must notify CMS of his or her intention to...

  7. 45 CFR 150.423 - Communications with the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Communications with the ALJ. 150.423 Section 150.423 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS... Communications with the ALJ. No party or person (except employees of the ALJ's office) may communicate in any...

  8. 6 CFR 13.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 13.18 Section 13.18 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.18 Authority of the ALJ. (a) The ALJ will conduct a fair and impartial hearing, avoid...

  9. 6 CFR 13.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 13.18 Section 13.18 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.18 Authority of the ALJ. (a) The ALJ will conduct a fair and impartial hearing, avoid...

  10. 45 CFR 2554.18 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time... issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4... production of documents at depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters;...

  11. 45 CFR 2554.18 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time... issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4... production of documents at depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters;...

  12. 45 CFR 2554.18 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... record of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time... issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4... production of documents at depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters;...

  13. 42 CFR 405.1034 - When an ALJ may remand a case to the QIC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... record is missing information that is essential to resolving the issues on appeal and that information...) Relationship to local and national coverage determination appeals process. (1) The ALJ remands an appeal to the QIC that made the reconsideration if the appellant is entitled to relief pursuant to 42 CFR...

  14. Engaging Pupils in Decision-Making about Biodiversity Conservation Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grace, Marcus; Byrne, Jenny

    2010-01-01

    Our pupils' generation will eventually have the daunting responsibility of making decisions about local and global biodiversity. School provides an early opportunity for them to enter into formal discussion about the science and values associated with biodiversity conservation; but the crowded curriculum offers little time for such activities.…

  15. Developmental Issues in Career Maturity and Career Decision Status.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Wendy; Creed, Peter A.

    2001-01-01

    Reports cross-sectional data from 1,971 Australian adolescents who completed the Career Decision Scale and the Career Development Inventory. Results illustrate a developmental progression in career maturity, although a less uniform pattern emerged with gender differences. Findings regarding career indecision also presented a complex picture and…

  16. 42 CFR 405.855 - ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ hearing. 405.855 Section 405.855 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Appeals Under the Medicare Part B Program § 405.855...

  17. The Teaching of Anthropology: Problems, Issues, and Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kottak, Conrad Phillip, Ed.; White, Jane J., Ed.; Furlow, Richard H., Ed.; Rice, Patricia C., Ed.

    This volume brings together the insights of more than 40 contributors who demonstrate that anthropology has timely, important, and enduring messages for students and the public. The book provides the first comprehensive examination of teaching issues across all the subfields of anthropology since the 1963 publication of "The Teaching of…

  18. Critical Issues in Using Data for Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Jianping; Cooley, Van E.

    2008-01-01

    Based on their experience of direct work with 16 principals in a midwest state in the USA, collaborative work with the state department of education and the major state-level professional associations and universities in the same state, and other state-level initiatives across the USA, the authors discuss eight critical issues concerning…

  19. 10 CFR 780.45 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Pursuant to Section 153c of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.45 Criteria for decision to issue a license... patent is of primary importance in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or...

  20. 10 CFR 780.45 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Pursuant to Section 153c of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.45 Criteria for decision to issue a license... patent is of primary importance in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or...

  1. 10 CFR 780.45 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Pursuant to Section 153c of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.45 Criteria for decision to issue a license... patent is of primary importance in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or...

  2. 10 CFR 780.45 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Pursuant to Section 153c of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.45 Criteria for decision to issue a license... patent is of primary importance in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or...

  3. 10 CFR 780.45 - Criteria for decision to issue a license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Pursuant to Section 153c of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 § 780.45 Criteria for decision to issue a license... patent is of primary importance in the production or utilization of special nuclear material or...

  4. 40 CFR 155.58 - Procedures for issuing a decision on a registration review case.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) State whether it believes that additional data are needed and, if so, describe what is needed. A FIFRA 3(c)(2)(B) notice requiring such data may be issued in conjunction with a proposed or final decision... remain open until all actions required in the final decision on the registration review case have...

  5. Students' Reasoning and Decision Making about a Socioscientific Issue: A Cross-Context Comparison

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yeung Chung; Grace, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    It has been argued that decision making about socioscientific issue (SSIs) necessitates informal reasoning, which involves multiperspective thinking and moral judgment. This study extends the scope of the literature concerning students' reasoning on SSIs to a cross-contextual study by comparing decisions made on avian flu by 12-13-year-old Chinese…

  6. Effects of Direct and Indirect Instruction on Fostering Decision-Making Competence in Socioscientific Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottcher, Florian; Meisert, Anke

    2013-01-01

    In this study the effects of different learning environments on the promotion of decision-making competence for the socioscientific issue of genetically modified crops is investigated. The comparison focuses on direct vs. indirect instructions. Therefore on the one hand a sophisticated decision-making strategy was presented to the directly…

  7. Understandings of the nature of science and decision making on science and technology based issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Randy L.; Lederman, Norman G.

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to explicate the role of the nature of science in decision making on science and technology based issues and to delineate factors and reasoning associated with these types of decisions. Twenty-one volunteer participants purposively selected from the faculty of geographically diverse universities completed an open-ended questionnaire and follow-up interview designed to assess their decision making on science and technology based issues. Participants were subsequently placed in one of two groups based upon their divergent views of the nature of science as assessed by a second open-ended questionnaire and follow-up interview. Profiles of each group's decision making were then constructed, based on participants' previous responses to the decision making questionnaire and follow-up interviews. Finally, the two groups' decisions, decision influencing factors, and decision making strategies were compared. No differences were found between the decisions of the two groups, despite their disparate views of the nature of science. Participants in both groups based their decisions primarily on personal values, morals/ethics, and social concerns. While all participants considered scientific evidence in their decision making, most did not require absolute proof, even though many participants held absolute conceptions of the nature of science. Overall, the nature of science did not figure prominently in either group's decisions. These findings contrast with basic assumptions of current science education reform efforts and call for a re-examination of the goals of nature of science instruction. Developing better decision making skills - even on science and technology based issues - may involve other factors, including more value-based instruction and attention to intellectual/moral development.

  8. Does Evidence Matter? How Middle School Students Make Decisions About Socioscientific Issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emery, Katherine Beth

    People worldwide are faced with making decisions daily. While many decisions are quick (e.g., what clothes to wear), others, such as those about environmental issues (e.g., overfishing), require more thought and have less immediate outcomes. How one makes such decisions depends on how one interprets, evaluates, and uses evidence. The central objective of this thesis was to investigate environmental science literacy in general, and specifically, to understand how evidence and other factors impact decision-making. I conducted three main studies: First, I provide an example of how decision-making practices affect environmental systems and services through a descriptive case study of Atlantic bluefin tuna overfishing. I reviewed the scientific, historical and cultural factors contributing to a paradox of marine preservation in the Mediterranean and highlighted the need for education and informed decision-making about such social and ecological issues. This study motivated me to investigate how people make decisions about environmental issues. Second, I interviewed middle school students to understand how they describe and evaluate evidence hypothetically and in practice about environmental issues---a key component of environmental literacy. Students discussed how they would evaluate evidence and then were then given a packet containing multiple excerpts of information from conflicting stakeholders about an environmental issue and asked how they would make voting or purchasing decisions about these issues. Findings showed that students' ideas about evaluating evidence (e.g., by scientific and non-scientific criteria) match their practices in part. This study was unique in that it investigated how students evaluate evidence that (1) contradicts other evidence and (2), conflicts with the student's prior positions. Finally, I investigated whether middle school students used evidence when making decisions about socioscientific issues. I hypothesized that holding a strong

  9. Decision making in laboring women: ethical issues for perinatal nurses.

    PubMed

    Carlton, Troy; Callister, Lynn Clark; Stoneman, Eva

    2005-01-01

    The decision-making process in childbearing women regarding birth preferences raises ethical dilemmas related to caring for women during labor and birth. Giving birth is a powerful, life-changing event that leaves a lasting impact on the childbearing woman. The birth experience may be perceived positively or negatively or with feelings of ambivalence. This descriptive qualitative study asked what factors influence a woman's change in her stated birth preference from an unmedicated birth to a medicated birth. A purposive convenience sample of 33 primiparous and multiparous childbearing women who had changed their stated birth preference for pain management during labor participated in interviews conducted within a month of giving birth. Themes included wanting an unmedicated birth; changing to a medicated birth; feeling disappointed, ambivalent, or satisfied; and reflecting on the change. Changing birth preferences is a result of many complex factors, including the influence of professional support by nurses. Ethical principles such as autonomy, veracity, beneficence, informed consent, standard of best interest, and obligations should be applied when caring for laboring women, framed by the ethics of caring.

  10. 21 CFR 1.405 - When does FDA have to issue a decision on an appeal?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When does FDA have to issue a decision on an... SERVICES GENERAL GENERAL ENFORCEMENT REGULATIONS Administrative Detention of Food for Human or Animal Consumption What Is the Appeal Process for A Detention Order? § 1.405 When does FDA have to issue a...

  11. 21 CFR 1.405 - When does FDA have to issue a decision on an appeal?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When does FDA have to issue a decision on an... SERVICES GENERAL GENERAL ENFORCEMENT REGULATIONS Administrative Detention of Food for Human or Animal Consumption What Is the Appeal Process for A Detention Order? § 1.405 When does FDA have to issue a...

  12. Creating and sharing clinical decision support content with Web 2.0: Issues and examples.

    PubMed

    Wright, Adam; Bates, David W; Middleton, Blackford; Hongsermeier, Tonya; Kashyap, Vipul; Thomas, Sean M; Sittig, Dean F

    2009-04-01

    Clinical decision support is a powerful tool for improving healthcare quality and patient safety. However, developing a comprehensive package of decision support interventions is costly and difficult. If used well, Web 2.0 methods may make it easier and less costly to develop decision support. Web 2.0 is characterized by online communities, open sharing, interactivity and collaboration. Although most previous attempts at sharing clinical decision support content have worked outside of the Web 2.0 framework, several initiatives are beginning to use Web 2.0 to share and collaborate on decision support content. We present case studies of three efforts: the Clinfowiki, a world-accessible wiki for developing decision support content; Partners Healthcare eRooms, web-based tools for developing decision support within a single organization; and Epic Systems Corporation's Community Library, a repository for sharing decision support content for customers of a single clinical system vendor. We evaluate the potential of Web 2.0 technologies to enable collaborative development and sharing of clinical decision support systems through the lens of three case studies; analyzing technical, legal and organizational issues for developers, consumers and organizers of clinical decision support content in Web 2.0. We believe the case for Web 2.0 as a tool for collaborating on clinical decision support content appears strong, particularly for collaborative content development within an organization.

  13. Understandings of the nature of science and decision making on science and technology-based issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Randy Lee

    Current reforms emphasize the development of scientific literacy as the principal goal of science education. The nature of science is considered a critical component of scientific literacy and is assumed to be an important factor in decision making on science and technology based issues. However, little research exists that delineates the role of the nature of science in decision making. The purpose of this investigation was to explicate the role of the nature of science in decision making on science and technology based issues and to delineate the reasoning and factors associated with these types of decisions. The 15-item, open-ended "Decision Making Questionnaire" (DMQ) based on four different scenarios concerning science and technology issues was developed to assess decision making. Twenty-one volunteer participants purposively selected from the faculty of geographically diverse universities completed the questionnaire and follow-up interviews. Participants were subsequently grouped according to their understandings of the nature of science, based on responses to a second open-ended questionnaire and follow-up interview. Profiles of each group's decision making were constructed, based on their previous responses to the DMQ and follow-up interviews. Finally, the two groups' decisions, decision making factors, and decision making strategies were compared. No differences were found between the decisions of the two groups, despite their disparate views of the nature of science. While their reasoning did not follow formal lines of argumentation, several influencing factors and general reasoning patterns were identified. Participants in both groups based their decisions primarily on personal values, morals/ethics, and social concerns. While all participants said they considered scientific evidence in their decision making, most did not require absolute "proof," even though Group B participants held more absolute conceptions of the nature of science. Overall, the

  14. 22 CFR 224.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing... ALJ shall dismiss the complaint without prejudice. (2) If the ALJ disqualifies himself or herself,...

  15. Decision-support systems for natural-hazards and land-management issues

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dinitz, Laura; Forney, William; Byrd, Kristin

    2012-01-01

    Scientists at the USGS Western Geographic Science Center are developing decision-support systems (DSSs) for natural-hazards and land-management issues. DSSs are interactive computer-based tools that use data and models to help identify and solve problems. These systems can provide crucial support to policymakers, planners, and communities for making better decisions about long-term natural hazards mitigation and land-use planning.

  16. 43 CFR 5.10 - Can I appeal a decision not to issue a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Can I appeal a decision not to issue a permit? 5.10 Section 5.10 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior COMMERCIAL FILMING AND SIMILAR PROJECTS AND STILL PHOTOGRAPHY ON CERTAIN AREAS UNDER DEPARTMENT JURISDICTION...

  17. 43 CFR 5.10 - Can I appeal a decision not to issue a permit?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Can I appeal a decision not to issue a permit? 5.10 Section 5.10 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior COMMERCIAL FILMING AND SIMILAR PROJECTS AND STILL PHOTOGRAPHY ON CERTAIN AREAS UNDER DEPARTMENT JURISDICTION...

  18. 43 CFR 30.266 - When is a final decision issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false When is a final decision issued? 30.266 Section 30.266 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS... section applies when a decedent is shown to have owned land interests in any one or more of...

  19. 43 CFR 30.266 - When is a final decision issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true When is a final decision issued? 30.266 Section 30.266 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS... section applies when a decedent is shown to have owned land interests in any one or more of...

  20. 43 CFR 30.266 - When is a final decision issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When is a final decision issued? 30.266 Section 30.266 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS... section applies when a decedent is shown to have owned land interests in any one or more of...

  1. 42 CFR 423.2008 - Parties to an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties to an ALJ hearing. 423.2008 Section 423.2008 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  2. 42 CFR 423.1972 - Request for an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for an ALJ hearing. 423.1972 Section 423.1972 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  3. 42 CFR 423.2002 - Right to an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to an ALJ hearing. 423.2002 Section 423.2002 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  4. 42 CFR 423.2030 - ALJ hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ hearing procedures. 423.2030 Section 423.2030 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  5. 42 CFR 423.2014 - Request for an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for an ALJ hearing. 423.2014 Section 423.2014 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  6. 42 CFR 423.1970 - Right to an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to an ALJ hearing. 423.1970 Section 423.1970 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  7. 42 CFR 405.1002 - Right to an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to an ALJ hearing. 405.1002 Section 405.1002 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE..., Reconsiderations, and Appeals Under Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) Alj Hearings § 405.1002 Right to an...

  8. 12 CFR 308.517 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 308.517 Section 308.517 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.517 Authority of the ALJ. (a)...

  9. 12 CFR 308.517 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 308.517 Section 308.517 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.517 Authority of the ALJ. (a)...

  10. 12 CFR 308.517 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 308.517 Section 308.517 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.517 Authority of the ALJ. (a)...

  11. 12 CFR 308.517 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 308.517 Section 308.517 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.517 Authority of the ALJ. (a)...

  12. 12 CFR 308.517 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 308.517 Section 308.517 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.517 Authority of the ALJ. (a)...

  13. 42 CFR 423.2050 - Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2050 Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. If a request for hearing is pending before an ALJ, the MAC may assume responsibility...

  14. 42 CFR 405.1050 - Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC... Removal of a hearing request from an ALJ to the MAC. If a request for hearing is pending before an ALJ, the MAC may assume responsibility for holding a hearing by requesting that the ALJ send the...

  15. 77 FR 49789 - Record of Decision for Issuing a Presidential Permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-17

    ... of Decision for Issuing a Presidential Permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission, LLC, for the Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission Line Project AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and... announces its decision to issue a Presidential permit to Energia Sierra Juarez U.S. Transmission, LLC...

  16. 20 CFR 30.320 - Can a claim be reopened after the FAB has issued a final decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a claim be reopened after the FAB has... AMENDED Adjudicatory Process Reopening Claims § 30.320 Can a claim be reopened after the FAB has issued a final decision? (a) At any time after the FAB has issued a final decision pursuant to § 30.316,...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1889 - Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. 405.1889 Section 405.1889 Public Health CENTERS FOR... revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. (a) If a revision...

  18. 42 CFR 405.1889 - Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. 405.1889 Section 405.1889 Public Health CENTERS FOR... revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. (a) If a revision...

  19. 42 CFR 405.1889 - Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. 405.1889 Section 405.1889 Public Health CENTERS FOR... revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. (a) If a revision...

  20. 42 CFR 405.1889 - Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. 405.1889 Section 405.1889 Public Health CENTERS FOR... revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. (a) If a revision...

  1. 10 CFR 708.31 - If no hearing is conducted, what is the process for issuing an initial agency decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false If no hearing is conducted, what is the process for issuing an initial agency decision? 708.31 Section 708.31 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEE PROTECTION PROGRAM Investigation, Hearing and Decision Process § 708.31 If no hearing is conducted, what is the process for issuing an...

  2. Beliefs and expectancies in legal decision making: an introduction to the Special Issue

    PubMed Central

    McAuliff, Bradley D.; Bornstein, Brian H.

    2013-01-01

    This introduction describes what the co-editors believe readers can expect in this Special Issue. After beliefs and expectancies are defined, examples of how these constructs influence human thought, feeling, and behavior in legal settings are considered. Brief synopses are provided for the Special Issue papers on beliefs and expectancies regarding alibis, children’s testimony behavior, eyewitness testimony, confessions, sexual assault victims, judges’ decisions in child protection cases, and attorneys’ beliefs about jurors’ perceptions of juvenile offender culpability. Areas for future research are identified, and readers are encouraged to discover new ways that beliefs and expectancies operate in the legal system. PMID:24348006

  3. Beliefs and expectancies in legal decision making: an introduction to the Special Issue.

    PubMed

    McAuliff, Bradley D; Bornstein, Brian H

    2012-01-01

    This introduction describes what the co-editors believe readers can expect in this Special Issue. After beliefs and expectancies are defined, examples of how these constructs influence human thought, feeling, and behavior in legal settings are considered. Brief synopses are provided for the Special Issue papers on beliefs and expectancies regarding alibis, children's testimony behavior, eyewitness testimony, confessions, sexual assault victims, judges' decisions in child protection cases, and attorneys' beliefs about jurors' perceptions of juvenile offender culpability. Areas for future research are identified, and readers are encouraged to discover new ways that beliefs and expectancies operate in the legal system. PMID:24348006

  4. 42 CFR 423.1978 - Reopening determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.1978 Reopening determinations and decisions. (a) A coverage... entity specified in § 423.600, or the decision of an ALJ or the MAC that is otherwise binding may...

  5. End-of-life issues: difficult decisions and dealing with grief.

    PubMed

    Loomis, Beth

    2009-06-01

    People face many challenging psychosocial and spiritual issues as they approach the end of their lives, and caregivers need advice on how to help them. Choosing among treatment options, handling grief, addressing unfinished business, and coping with loss of self-sufficiency are difficult for the dying person, and caregivers must deal with surrogate decision making, raw emotions in the patient and in family members, and the caregivers' own grief. Listening and coping skills are discussed. PMID:19463678

  6. Advisory Committee: A Powerful Tool for Helping Decision Makers inEnvironmental Issues

    PubMed

    Vasseur; Lafrance; Ansseau; Renaud; Morin; Audet

    1997-05-01

    / It has been suggested that the general public should be moreinvolved in environmental policy and decision making. It is important forthem to realize that they will have to live with the consequences ofenvironmental policies and decisions. Consequently, policy makers shouldconsider the concerns and opinions of the general public before makingdecisions on environmental issues. This raises questions such as: How can weintegrate the perceptions and reactions of the general population inenvironmental decisions? What kind of public participation should weconsider? In the present study, using a new regional ecosystem model, weattempted to integrate these aspects in its decision making model byincluding the formation of an advisory committee to resolve problems relatedto waste management. The advisory committee requested the activeparticipation of representatives from all levels of the community: economic,municipal, and governmental intervenors; environmental groups; and citizens.Their mandates were to examine different management strategies available inthe region, considering all the interdisciplinary aspects of each strategy,elaborate recommendations concerning the management strategies that are mostsuitable for all, and collaborate in communication of the information to thegeneral population. The results showed that at least in small municipalitiessuch an advisory committee can be a powerful tool in environmental decisionmaking. Conditions required for a successful consultation process, such aseveryday lay language and the presence of a facilitator other than ascientific expert, are discussed.KEY WORDS: Public consultation; Environmental policies;Interdisciplinary aspects; Municipal sewage sludge management; Generalpopulation; Decision-making process

  7. 42 CFR 423.2026 - Disqualification of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review..., present his or her objections to the MAC in accordance with § 423.2100 through § 423.2130. The MAC...

  8. 42 CFR 423.2014 - Request for an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... IRE's reconsideration, the deadline specified in § 423.2016 for deciding the appeal begins on the date... adjudication period in § 423.2016 begins the date the ALJ grants the request to extend the filing deadline....

  9. GAIA - A New Approach To Decision Making on Climate Disruption Issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paxton, L. J.; Weiss, M.; Schaefer, R. K.; Swartz, W. H.; Nix, M.; Strong, S. B.; Fountain, G. H.; Babin, S. M.; Pikas, C. K.; Parker, C. L.; Global Assimilation of InformationAction

    2011-12-01

    GAIA - the Global Assimilation of Information for Action program - provides a broadly extensible framework for enabling the development of a deeper understanding of the issues associated with climate disruption. The key notion of GAIA is that the global climate problem is so complex that a "system engineering" approach is needed in order to make it understandable. The key tenet of system engineering is to focus on requirements and to develop a cost-effective process for satisfying those requirements. To demonstrate this approach we focused first on the impact of climate disruption on public health. GAIA is described in some detail on our website (http://gaia.jhuapl.edu). Climate disruption is not just a scientific problem; one of the key issues that our community has is that of translating scientific results into knowledge that can be used to make informed decisions. In order to support decision makers we have to understand their issues and how to communicate with them. In this talk, we describe how we have built a community of interest that combines subject matter experts from diverse communities (public health, climate change, government, public policy, industry, etc) with policy makers and representatives from industry to develop, on a "level playing field", an understanding of each other's points of view and issues. The first application of this technology was the development of a workshop on Climate, Climate Change and Public Health held April 12-14, 2011. This paper describes our approach to going beyond the workshop environment to continue to engage the decision maker's community in a variety of ways that translate abstract scientific data into actionable information. Key ideas we will discuss include the development of social media, simulations of global/national/local environments affected by climate disruption, and visualizations of the monetary and health impacts of choosing not to address mitigation or adaptation to climate disruption.

  10. Students' Use of Decision-Making Strategies with Regard to Socioscientific Issues: An Application of the Rasch Partial Credit Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eggert, Sabina; Bogeholz, Susanne

    2010-01-01

    Decision making about socioscientific issues is an important aspect of modern science education worldwide. Among the many topics that represent socioscientific issues, issues relating to the sustainable development of our environment are one crucial topic. However, difficulties exist with respect to the assessment of teaching outcomes related to…

  11. Adults' Decision-Making about the Electronic Waste Issue: The Role of the Nature of Science Conceptualizations and Moral Concerns in Socio-Scientific Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Yuqing

    2010-01-01

    Socio-scientific issues have become increasingly important in Science-Technology-Society (STS) education as a means to make science learning more relevant to students' lives. This study used the e-waste issue as a context to investigate two aspects of socio-scientific decision-making: (1) the relationship between the nature of science (NOS)…

  12. 42 CFR 423.1982 - Notice of a revised determination or decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.1982 Notice of a revised determination or decision. (a... provided in § 423.1980: (1) The Part D plan sponsor, IRE, ALJ, or the MAC must mail its revised determination or decision to the enrollee at his or her last known address. (2) The IRE, ALJ, or the MAC...

  13. Training in Decision-making Strategies: An approach to enhance students' competence to deal with socio-scientific issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gresch, Helge; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Bögeholz, Susanne

    2013-10-01

    Dealing with socio-scientific issues in science classes enables students to participate productively in controversial discussions concerning ethical topics, such as sustainable development. In this respect, well-structured decision-making processes are essential for elaborate reasoning. To foster decision-making competence, a computer-based programme was developed that trains secondary school students (grades 11-13) in decision-making strategies. The main research question is: does training students to use these strategies foster decision-making competence? In addition, the influence of meta-decision aids was examined. Students conducted a task analysis to select an appropriate strategy prior to the decision-making process. Hence, the second research question is: does combining decision-making training with a task analysis enhance decision-making competence at a higher rate? To answer these questions, 386 students were tested in a pre-post-follow-up control-group design that included two training groups (decision-making strategies/decision-making strategies combined with a task analysis) and a control group (decision-making with additional ecological information instead of strategic training). An open-ended questionnaire was used to assess decision-making competence in situations related to sustainable development. The decision-making training led to a significant improvement in the post-test and the follow-up, which was administered three months after the training. Long-term effects on the quality of the students' decisions were evident for both training groups. Gains in competence when reflecting upon the decision-making processes of others were found, to a lesser extent, in the training group that received the additional meta-decision training. In conclusion, training in decision-making strategies is a promising approach to deal with socio-scientific issues related to sustainable development.

  14. Adults' decision-making about the electronic waste issue: The role of the nature of science conceptualizations and moral concerns in socio-scientific decision-making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yuqing

    Socio-scientific issues have become increasingly important in Science-Technology-Society (STS) education as a means to make science learning more relevant to students' lives. This study used the e-waste issue as a context to investigate two aspects of socio-scientific decision-making: (1) the relationship between the nature of science (NOS) conceptualizations and decision-making; and (2) moral concerns involved in the process of decision-making. This study contributes to the field of socio-scientific issue research and STS education in the following ways. First, it is the first study that performed meta-analysis to seek the relationship between the NOS understanding and decision-making. This study concludes that valuable NOS conceptualizations that are highly related to the socio-scientific issue under investigation, rather than general NOS understanding, exert statistically significant influences on decision-making. Second, this study empirically examined the Multiple Responses Model (MRM), which enables the transfer of qualitative NOS responses into quantitative data, and hence, inferential statistics. The current study justifies the significance of unidimensionality to the application of the MRM. It addresses the limitations associated with the MRM and provides implications for future use of the MRM in other contexts. Finally, the study explores the role of moral concerns in socio-scientific decision-making. Eight participants engaged in interviews that were designed to elicit their reactions and feelings regarding the issue of exporting e-waste to poor countries. Qualitative analyses demonstrated that moral considerations were significant influences on decision-making. In addition, participants' action responses revealed that they were motivated to take action to help the environment. The study has implications for socio-scientific issue studies in other contexts and for teacher education programs that use socio-scientific issues to advance teachers' reasoning

  15. Integrating Socio-Scientific Issues to Enhance the Bioethical Decision-Making Skills of High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierez, Sally B.

    2015-01-01

    Scientific literacy has been focused on the construction of students' knowledge to use appropriate and meaningful concepts, critically think, and make balanced, well-informed decisions relevant to their lives. This study presents the effects of integrating socio-scientific issues to enhance the bioethical decision-making skills of biology…

  16. 13 CFR 142.18 - Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Provisions § 142.18 Can the reviewing official or ALJ... determines that the reviewing official is disqualified, the ALJ will dismiss the complaint without...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1889 - Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of a revision; issue-specific nature of... MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH... revision; issue-specific nature of appeals of revised determinations and decisions. (a) If a revision...

  18. Ethical issues in decision making by hospital health committee members in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Sari, Nil; Sari, Hidayet

    2014-06-01

    Hospital health committees (HHC) in Turkey review medical reports from clinical practitioners and decide whether or not they are justified. As a rule, each HHC member is expected to observe and examine each patient and then evaluate the report. If the report from the patient's doctor is approved, then the Social Security Administration, a state organisation, will meet all of the patient's expenses covering treatment, medication and operations. Justification of health expenditure is crucial for the state because health resources have to be carefully allocated. Conflicts of obligation also generate ethical issues which have to be resolved as well. However, HHCs are not designed to make ethical decisions. An overall concept of organisational ethics needs to be developed.

  19. Shared Knowledge for Decision-making on Environment and Health Issues in the Arctic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maynard, Nancy G.

    2003-01-01

    This paper will describe a remote sensing and GIs-based system to bring indigenous traditional knowledge together with contemporary scientific knowledge to address impacts resulting from changes in climate, environment, weather and pollution in the Arctic. As scientists and policy-makers from both indigenous and non-indigenous communities continue to build closer partnerships to address common sustainability issues such as the health impacts of climate change and anthropogenic activities, it becomes increasingly important to create shared information management systems which integrate all relevant factors for optimal information sharing and decision-making. This system is being designed to bring together remotely sensed, indigenous and other data and observations for analysis, measuring, and monitoring parameters of interest (e.g., snow cover, rainfall, temperature, ice conditions, vegetation, infrastructure, fires). A description of the system and its components as well as a preliminary application of the system in the Arctic will be presented.

  20. 42 CFR 423.2062 - Applicability of policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... and MAC. 423.2062 Section 423.2062 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT... BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2062 Applicability of policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. (a) ALJs and the MAC are not bound by CMS program guidance, such as...

  1. 13 CFR 142.26 - Can a party informally discuss the case with the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can a party informally discuss the case with the ALJ? 142.26 Section 142.26 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... the case with the ALJ? No. Such discussions are forbidden as ex parte communications with the ALJ...

  2. 10 CFR 13.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 13.16 Section 13.16 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may...

  3. 7 CFR 1.631 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 1.631 Section 1.631 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.631 What are the powers of the ALJ? The ALJ will...

  4. 7 CFR 1.631 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 1.631 Section 1.631 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.631 What are the powers of the ALJ? The ALJ will...

  5. 7 CFR 1.631 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 1.631 Section 1.631 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.631 What are the powers of the ALJ? The ALJ will...

  6. 7 CFR 1.631 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 1.631 Section 1.631 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.631 What are the powers of the ALJ? The ALJ will...

  7. 7 CFR 1.631 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 1.631 Section 1.631 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.631 What are the powers of the ALJ? The ALJ will...

  8. 42 CFR 426.405 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 426.405 Section 426.405 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE...

  9. 42 CFR 426.458 - ALJ's LCD review record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ's LCD review record. 426.458 Section 426.458 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE...

  10. 38 CFR 42.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time, and place of the... other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4) Administer oaths and... deposition or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope...

  11. 29 CFR 22.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time, and..., or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4... production of documents at depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters;...

  12. 29 CFR 22.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of the proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time, and..., or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4... production of documents at depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters;...

  13. 31 CFR 16.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time, and place of the hearing... matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of the proceeding; (4) Administer oaths and... depositions or at hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope...

  14. 45 CFR 150.403 - Scope of ALJ's authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Scope of ALJ's authority. 150.403 Section 150.403 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS Administrative Hearings § 150.403 Scope of...

  15. 45 CFR 150.403 - Scope of ALJ's authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of ALJ's authority. 150.403 Section 150.403 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS Administrative Hearings § 150.403 Scope of...

  16. 45 CFR 160.508 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of the ALJ. 160.508 Section 160.508 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED... extent not inconsistent with statute or regulation; (2) May not enter an order in the nature of...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1030 - ALJ hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... §§ 405.1018 and 405.1028. (c) Missing evidence. The ALJ may also stop the hearing temporarily and continue it at a later date if he or she believes that there is material evidence missing at the hearing. If the missing evidence is in the possession of the appellant, and the appellant is a...

  18. 42 CFR 405.1030 - ALJ hearing procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... §§ 405.1018 and 405.1028. (c) Missing evidence. The ALJ may also stop the hearing temporarily and continue it at a later date if he or she believes that there is material evidence missing at the hearing. If the missing evidence is in the possession of the appellant, and the appellant is a...

  19. Supporting Policy and Program Decisions: Recommendations for Conducting High Quality Systematic Evidence Reviews. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 2012

    2012-01-01

    Policy and program decisions typically involve selecting one choice from among a set of options, and research about the effect of those options can help inform the decision process. However, for the research to be useful, decision makers need a way of drawing accurate lessons from what often can be a large assortment of relevant studies.…

  20. An STS Case Study about Students' Decision Making on the Waste Issue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kortland, Koos

    1996-01-01

    Assesses students' existing and developing decision-making ability against the background of a normative model of the decision making process. Results indicate that after a unit on household packaging waste the students' arguments about a decision making situation improved in terms of validity and clarity of the criteria used. Contains 16…

  1. Potentials of the NLS Data Base for Issue-Oriented Analyses and for Influencing Educational Policy Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Junius A.

    The potential of research which uses the data base from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 (NLS) for affecting federal policy is discussed. Currently, social science research is rarely used as a basis for policy decisions. A reason for this is that social scientists profess interest in policy issues, yet are naive in…

  2. Student Decision-Making about a Globally Familiar Socioscientific Issue: The Value of Sharing and Comparing Views with International Counterparts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grace, Marcus; Lee, Yeung Chung; Asshoff, Roman; Wallin, Anita

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the views of 16-17-year-old science students from England, Germany, Hong Kong and Sweden on whale hunting, and their perceptions of the views of their international counterparts. The students were all provided with the same decision-making task, discussed the issue in small groups and then presented their views on video,…

  3. Decision Making for Educational Leaders: Underexamined Dimensions and Issues. SUNY Series, Educational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Bob L., Jr.; Kruse, Sharon D.

    2010-01-01

    Why another book on decision making? In this increasingly complex world, there are many tensions inherent in the daily practice of educational leaders. This book illuminates these tensions, and acknowledges the reality that there are already multiple approaches to decision making in any educational context. The authors offer a guide to integrate…

  4. 42 CFR 1005.20 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.20 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ will... imposed by the IG, or reverse the imposition of the exclusion. In exclusion cases where the period of... briefs, if permitted, has expired. The decision will be accompanied by a statement describing the...

  5. 12 CFR 308.536 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Initial decision. 308.536 Section 308.536 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.536 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ...

  6. 12 CFR 308.536 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Initial decision. 308.536 Section 308.536 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.536 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ...

  7. 12 CFR 308.536 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Initial decision. 308.536 Section 308.536 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.536 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ...

  8. 12 CFR 308.536 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Initial decision. 308.536 Section 308.536 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.536 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ...

  9. 12 CFR 308.536 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initial decision. 308.536 Section 308.536 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.536 Initial decision. (a) The ALJ...

  10. Ethical challenges with hemodialysis patients who lack decision-making capacity: behavioral issues, surrogate decision-makers, and end-of-life situations.

    PubMed

    Feely, Molly A; Albright, Robert C; Thorsteinsdottir, Björg; Moss, Alvin H; Swetz, Keith M

    2014-09-01

    Hemodialysis (HD) is routinely offered to patients with end-stage renal disease in the United States who are ineligible for other renal replacement modalities. The frequency of HD among the US population is greater than all other countries, except Taiwan and Japan. In US, patients are often dialyzed irrespective of age, comorbidities, prognosis, or decision-making capacity. Determination of when patients can no longer dialyze is variable and can be dialysis-center specific. Determinants may be related to progressive comorbidities and frailty, mobility or access issues, patient self-determination, or an inability to tolerate the treatment safely for any number of reasons (e.g., hypotension, behavioral issues). Behavioral issues may impact the safety of not only patients themselves, but also those around them. In this article the authors present the case of an elderly patient on HD with progressive cognitive impairment and combative behavior placing him and others at risk of physical harm. The authors discuss the medical, ethical, legal, and psychosocial challenges to care of such patients who lack decision-making capacity with a focus on variable approaches by regions and culture. This manuscript provides recommendations and highlights resources to assist nephrologists, dialysis personnel, ethics consultants, and palliative medicine teams in managing such patients to resolve conflict. PMID:24988063

  11. 30 CFR 1290.107 - Where are the rules concerning the effect of the Department not issuing a decision in my appeal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Department not issuing a final decision in your appeal within the 33-month period prescribed under 30 U.S.C... INTERIOR APPEALS APPEAL PROCEDURES § 1290.107 Where are the rules concerning the effect of the Department... the Department not issuing a decision in my appeal within the statutory time frame? 1290.107...

  12. Student Decision-Making about a Globally Familiar Socioscientific Issue: The value of sharing and comparing views with international counterparts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grace, Marcus; Chung Lee, Yeung; Asshoff, Roman; Wallin, Anita

    2015-07-01

    This paper focuses on the views of 16-17-year-old science students from England, Germany, Hong Kong and Sweden on whale hunting, and their perceptions of the views of their international counterparts. The students were all provided with the same decision-making task, discussed the issue in small groups and then presented their views on video, which were shared with their counterparts. The findings show that the decision-making task served to deepen and modify students' views across all nationalities, and the students generally valued and learned from the sharing of views with students of the same age from around the world. However, an important discovery was that the German students' opinions often ran counter to those from the other 3 locations, and the paper cautions against making broad-sweeping generalisations about students' views on socioscientific issues.

  13. Religious, Ethical and Legal Considerations in End-of-Life Issues: Fundamental Requisites for Medical Decision Making.

    PubMed

    Jahn Kassim, Puteri Nemie; Alias, Fadhlina

    2016-02-01

    Religion and spirituality have always played a major and intervening role in a person's life and health matters. With the influential development of patient autonomy and the right to self-determination, a patient's religious affiliation constitutes a key component in medical decision making. This is particularly pertinent in issues involving end-of-life decisions such as withdrawing and withholding treatment, medical futility, nutritional feeding and do-not-resuscitate orders. These issues affect not only the patient's values and beliefs, but also the family unit and members of the medical profession. The law also plays an intervening role in resolving conflicts between the sanctity of life and quality of life that are very much pronounced in this aspect of healthcare. Thus, the medical profession in dealing with the inherent ethical and legal dilemmas needs to be sensitive not only to patients' varying religious beliefs and cultural values, but also to the developing legal and ethical standards as well. There is a need for the medical profession to be guided on the ethical obligations, legal demands and religious expectations prior to handling difficult end-of-life decisions. The development of comprehensive ethical codes in congruence with developing legal standards may offer clear guidance to the medical profession in making sound medical decisions.

  14. Exploring morally relevant issues facing families in their decisions to monitor the health-related behaviours of loved ones.

    PubMed

    Gammon, D; Christiansen, E K; Wynn, R

    2009-07-01

    Patient self-management of disease is increasingly supported by technologies that can monitor a wide range of behavioural and biomedical parameters. Incorporated into everyday devices such as cell phones and clothes, these technologies become integral to the psychosocial aspects of everyday life. Many technologies are likely to be marketed directly to families with ill members, and families may enlist the support of clinicians in shaping use. Current ethical frameworks are mainly conceptualised from the perspective of caregivers, researchers, developers and regulators in order to ensure the ethics of their own practices. This paper focuses on families as autonomous decision-makers outside the regulated context of healthcare. We discuss some morally relevant issues facing families in their decisions to monitor the health-related behaviours of loved ones. An example - remote parental monitoring of adolescent blood glucose - is presented and discussed through the lens of two contrasting accounts of ethics; one reflecting the predominant focus on health outcomes within the health technology assessment (HTA) framework and the other that attends to the broader sociocultural contexts shaping technologies and their implications. Issues discussed include the focus of assessments, informed consent and child assent, and family co-creation of system characteristics and implications. The parents' decisions to remotely monitor their child has relational implications that are likely to influence conflict levels and thus also health outcomes. Current efforts to better integrate outcome assessments with social and ethical assessments are particularly relevant for informed decision-making about health monitoring technologies in families.

  15. Issues in Developing a Normative Descriptive Model for Dyadic Decision Making

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Serfaty, D.; Kleinman, D. L.

    1984-01-01

    Most research in modelling human information processing and decision making has been devoted to the case of the single human operator. In the present effort, concepts from the fields of organizational behavior, engineering psychology, team theory and mathematical modelling are merged in an attempt to consider first the case of two cooperating decisionmakers (the Dyad) in a multi-task environment. Rooted in the well-known Dynamic Decision Model (DDM), the normative descriptive approach brings basic cognitive and psychophysical characteristics inherent to human behavior into a team theoretic analytic framework. An experimental paradigm, involving teams in dynamic decision making tasks, is designed to produce the data with which to build the theoretical model.

  16. 42 CFR 423.2130 - Effect of the MAC's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of the MAC's decision. 423.2130 Section 423... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2130 Effect of the MAC's decision. The MAC's decision is final and...

  17. Shading the Truth: The Patterning of Adolescents' Decisions to Avoid Issues, Disclose, or Lie to Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cumsille, Patricio; Darling, Nancy; Martinez, M. Loreto

    2010-01-01

    Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to examine the patterning of adolescents' strategy choice when discussing issues with parents in a sample of 1678 Chilean 11-19 year olds (mean age = 14.9). Adolescents reported whether they fully disclosed, partially disclosed, avoided the issue, or lied for six core areas that bridged personal autonomy and…

  18. Historical and Contemporary Issues in End-of-Life Decisions: Implications for Social Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackelprang, Romel W.; Mackelprang, Romel D.

    2005-01-01

    End-of-life circumstances have changed dramatically in recent years. In the past century life expectancy has increased by 62 percent and people are living longer with chronic illness. This article discusses evolving health practices and policies in end-of-life decisions. Treatments to prolong life and provide comfort, and interventions that hasten…

  19. Insights into university freshman weight issues and how they make decisions about eating

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The transition from high school to college represents a turning point during which health behavior trajectories may be influenced. This study addresses the internal and external factors that guide students’ eating decisions as they are understood and relayed by students through ethnographic, qualit...

  20. 7 CFR 283.16 - Consolidation of issues.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Consolidation of issues. 283.16 Section 283.16... Claims of $50,000 or More § 283.16 Consolidation of issues. Similar issues involved in appeals by two or...) Disposition of consolidated issues. If the ALJ orders consolidation, the issues consolidated will...

  1. 31 CFR 16.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 16.16 Section 16.16 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official...

  2. 31 CFR 16.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... official or ALJ. 16.16 Section 16.16 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.16 Disqualification of reviewing... matter of disqualification in accordance with paragrpah (f) of this section. (f)(1) If the ALJ...

  3. 31 CFR 16.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... official or ALJ. 16.16 Section 16.16 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.16 Disqualification of reviewing... matter of disqualification in accordance with paragrpah (f) of this section. (f)(1) If the ALJ...

  4. 31 CFR 16.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... official or ALJ. 16.16 Section 16.16 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.16 Disqualification of reviewing... matter of disqualification in accordance with paragrpah (f) of this section. (f)(1) If the ALJ...

  5. 42 CFR 423.2036 - Description of an ALJ hearing process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2036 Description of an ALJ hearing process. (a) The right to... not subject to immediate review by the MAC. The subpoena may be reviewed solely during the MAC's... preparation, confidentiality, or undue burden, was made before an ALJ, the MAC may review immediately...

  6. 42 CFR 423.2034 - When an ALJ may remand a case.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When an ALJ may remand a case. 423.2034 Section 423.2034 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  7. 10 CFR 13.11 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 13.11 Section 13.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.11 Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. Upon receipt of an answer, the reviewing official shall file the complaint...

  8. 7 CFR 1.632 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 1.632 Section 1.632 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.632 What happens if the ALJ...

  9. 7 CFR 1.632 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 1.632 Section 1.632 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.632 What happens if the ALJ...

  10. 7 CFR 1.632 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 1.632 Section 1.632 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.632 What happens if the ALJ...

  11. 7 CFR 1.632 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 1.632 Section 1.632 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.632 What happens if the ALJ...

  12. 7 CFR 1.632 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 1.632 Section 1.632 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.632 What happens if the ALJ...

  13. 45 CFR 681.14 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What is the role of the ALJ? 681.14 Section 681.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM... retained by NSF serves as the presiding officer at all hearings. (a) The ALJ shall conduct a fair...

  14. 45 CFR 681.14 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What is the role of the ALJ? 681.14 Section 681.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM... retained by NSF serves as the presiding officer at all hearings. (a) The ALJ shall conduct a fair...

  15. 45 CFR 681.14 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What is the role of the ALJ? 681.14 Section 681.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM... retained by NSF serves as the presiding officer at all hearings. (a) The ALJ shall conduct a fair...

  16. 45 CFR 681.14 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What is the role of the ALJ? 681.14 Section 681.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM... retained by NSF serves as the presiding officer at all hearings. (a) The ALJ shall conduct a fair...

  17. 45 CFR 681.14 - What is the role of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What is the role of the ALJ? 681.14 Section 681.14 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM... retained by NSF serves as the presiding officer at all hearings. (a) The ALJ shall conduct a fair...

  18. 6 CFR 13.11 - Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ. 13.11 Section 13.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.11 Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ. Upon receipt of an answer,...

  19. 6 CFR 13.16 - Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ. 13.16 Section 13.16 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.16 Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ. (a) A...

  20. 6 CFR 13.11 - Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ. 13.11 Section 13.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.11 Referral of Complaint and answer to the ALJ. Upon receipt of an answer,...

  1. 6 CFR 13.16 - Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ. 13.16 Section 13.16 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.16 Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ. (a) A...

  2. 38 CFR 42.11 - Referral of complaint and answer to the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... answer to the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). 42.11 Section 42.11 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.11 Referral of complaint and answer to the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). Upon receipt of an...

  3. 34 CFR 86.401 - What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ? 86.401 Section 86.401 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.401 What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?...

  4. 34 CFR 86.404 - How may a party communicate with an ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How may a party communicate with an ALJ? 86.404 Section 86.404 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.404 How may a party communicate with an ALJ? (a) A party may not communicate...

  5. 34 CFR 86.406 - What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations? 86.406 Section 86.406 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.406 What must the ALJ do if the parties enter...

  6. 42 CFR 405.1010 - When CMS or its contractors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false When CMS or its contractors may participate in an... Hearings § 405.1010 When CMS or its contractors may participate in an ALJ hearing. (a) An ALJ may request, but may not require, CMS and/or one or more of its contractors to participate in any...

  7. 10 CFR 13.11 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 13.11 Section 13.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.11 Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. Upon receipt of an answer, the reviewing official shall file the complaint...

  8. 42 CFR 423.2016 - Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ. 423.2016 Section 423.2016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2016 Timeframes for deciding...

  9. 42 CFR 423.2016 - Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ. 423.2016 Section 423.2016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2016 Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before...

  10. 42 CFR 423.2016 - Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ. 423.2016 Section 423.2016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2016 Timeframes for deciding...

  11. 42 CFR 423.2016 - Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ. 423.2016 Section 423.2016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH..., ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2016 Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before...

  12. 42 CFR 423.2016 - Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Timeframes for deciding an Appeal before an ALJ. 423.2016 Section 423.2016 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2016 Timeframes for deciding...

  13. 34 CFR 86.401 - What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ? 86.401 Section 86.401 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.401 What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?...

  14. 34 CFR 86.404 - How may a party communicate with an ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How may a party communicate with an ALJ? 86.404 Section 86.404 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.404 How may a party communicate with an ALJ? (a) A party may not communicate...

  15. 34 CFR 86.406 - What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What must the ALJ do if the parties enter settlement negotiations? 86.406 Section 86.406 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.406 What must the ALJ do if the parties enter...

  16. 34 CFR 86.401 - What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ? 86.401 Section 86.401 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.401 What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?...

  17. 34 CFR 86.401 - What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ? 86.401 Section 86.401 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.401 What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?...

  18. 34 CFR 86.401 - What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ? 86.401 Section 86.401 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION Appeal Procedures § 86.401 What are the authority and responsibility of the ALJ?...

  19. 28 CFR 71.11 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 71.11 Section 71.11 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) IMPLEMENTATION OF... answer, the reviewing official shall file the complaint and answer with the ALJ....

  20. 45 CFR 79.11 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 79.11 Section 79.11 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD... reviewing official shall file the complaint and answer with the ALJ....

  1. 42 CFR 423.2052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2052 Section 423.2052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... (a)(2) of this section, the ALJ considers any physical, mental, educational, or...

  2. 42 CFR 423.2052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2052 Section 423.2052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH..., the ALJ considers any physical, mental, educational, or linguistic limitations (including any lack...

  3. 42 CFR 423.2052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 423.2052 Section 423.2052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... (a)(2) of this section, the ALJ considers any physical, mental, educational, or...

  4. Issues and challenges with oil toxicity data and implications for their use in decision making: a quantitative review.

    PubMed

    Bejarano, Adriana C; Clark, James R; Coelho, Gina M

    2014-04-01

    Aquatic toxicity considerations are part of the net environmental benefit analysis and approval decision process on the use of dispersants in the event of an offshore oil spill. Substantial information is available on the acute toxicity of physically and chemically dispersed oil to a diverse subset of aquatic species generated under controlled laboratory conditions. However, most information has been generated following standard laboratory practices, which do not realistically represent oil spill conditions in the field. The goal of the present quantitative review is to evaluate the use of standard toxicity testing data to help inform decisions regarding dispersant use, recognizing some key issues with current practices, specifically, reporting toxicity metrics (nominal vs measured), exposure duration (standard durations vs short-term exposures), and exposure concentrations (constant vs spiked). Analytical chemistry data also were used to demonstrate the role of oil loading on acute toxicity and the influence of dispersants on chemical partitioning. The analyses presented here strongly suggest that decisions should be made, at a minimum, based on measured aqueous exposure concentrations and, ideally, using data from short-term exposure durations under spiked exposure concentrations. Available data sets are used to demonstrate how species sensitivity distribution curves can provide useful insights to the decision-making process on dispersant use. Finally, recommendations are provided, including the adoption of oil spill-appropriate toxicity testing practices. PMID:24616123

  5. 42 CFR 405.1062 - Applicability of local coverage determinations and other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. 405.1062 Section 405.1062 Public Health CENTERS FOR... of local coverage determinations and other policies not binding on the ALJ and MAC. (a) ALJs and the MAC are not bound by LCDs, LMRPs, or CMS program guidance, such as program memoranda and...

  6. The Role of Integrated Modelling and Assessment for Decision-Making: Lessons from Water Allocation Issues in Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jakeman, A. J.; Guillaume, J. H. A.; El Sawah, S.; Hamilton, S.

    2014-12-01

    Integrated modelling and assessment (IMA) is best regarded as a process that can support environmental decision-making when issues are strongly contested and uncertainties pervasive. To be most useful, the process must be multi-dimensional and phased. Principally, it must be tailored to the problem context to encompass diverse issues of concern, management settings and stakeholders. This in turn requires the integration of multiple processes and components of natural and human systems and their corresponding spatial and temporal scales. Modellers therefore need to be able to integrate multiple disciplines, methods, models, tools and data, and many sources and types of uncertainty. These dimensions are incorporated into iteration between the various phases of the IMA process, including scoping, problem framing and formulation, assessing options and communicating findings. Two case studies in Australia are employed to share the lessons of how integration can be achieved in these IMA phases using a mix of stakeholder participation processes and modelling tools. One case study aims to improve the relevance of modelling by incorporating stakeholder's views of irrigated viticulture and water management decision making. It used a novel methodology with the acronym ICTAM, consisting of Interviews to elicit mental models, Cognitive maps to represent and analyse individual and group mental models, Time-sequence diagrams to chronologically structure the decision making process, an All-encompassing conceptual model, and computational Models of stakeholder decision making. The second case uses a hydro-economic river network model to examine basin-wide impacts of water allocation cuts and adoption of farm innovations. The knowledge exchange approach used in each case was designed to integrate data and knowledge bearing in mind the contextual dimensions of the problem at hand, and the specific contributions that environmental modelling was thought to be able to make.

  7. Shading the truth: the patterning of adolescents' decisions to avoid issues, disclose, or lie to parents.

    PubMed

    Cumsille, Patricio; Darling, Nancy; Martínez, M Loreto

    2010-04-01

    Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to examine the patterning of adolescents' strategy choice when discussing issues with parents in a sample of 1678 Chilean 11-19 year olds (mean age=14.9). Adolescents reported whether they fully disclosed, partially disclosed, avoided the issue, or lied for six core areas that bridged personal autonomy and safety concerns. Five patterns were identified: two in which adolescents were likely to either share information about all issues or lie about them and three in which adolescents used a combination of strategies that included sharing some information while concealing other. Membership in the full disclosure class was highest among middle class youth and those who reported the highest obedience, legitimacy beliefs, parental agreement, maternal warmth and knowledge, and the fewest problem behaviors. Interestingly, adolescents in the Lie class reported both the highest level of parental monitoring and low maternal knowledge. PMID:19926123

  8. Cognitive issues in autonomous spacecraft-control operations: An investigation of software-mediated decision making in a scaled environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murphy, Elizabeth Drummond

    As advances in technology are applied in complex, semi-automated domains, human controllers are distanced from the controlled process. This physical and psychological distance may both facilitate and degrade human performance. To investigate cognitive issues in spacecraft ground-control operations, the present experimental research was undertaken. The primary issue concerned the ability of operations analysts who do not monitor operations to make timely, accurate decisions when autonomous software calls for human help. Another key issue involved the potential effects of spatial-visualization ability (SVA) in environments that present data in graphical formats. Hypotheses were derived largely from previous findings and predictions in the literature. Undergraduate psychology students were assigned at random to a monitoring condition or an on-call condition in a scaled environment. The experimental task required subjects to decide on the veracity of a problem diagnosis delivered by a software process on-board a simulated spacecraft. To support decision-making, tabular and graphical data displays presented information on system status. A level of software confidence in the problem diagnosis was displayed, and subjects reported their own level of confidence in their decisions. Contrary to expectations, the performance of on-call subjects did not differ significantly from that of continuous monitors. Analysis yielded a significant interaction of sex and condition: Females in the on-call condition had the lowest mean accuracy. Results included a preference for bar charts over line graphs and faster performance with tables than with line graphs. A significant correlation was found between subjective confidence and decision accuracy. SVA was found to be predictive of accuracy but not speed; and SVA was found to be a stronger predictor of performance for males than for females. Low-SVA subjects reported that they relied more on software confidence than did medium- or high

  9. Ecosystem valuation: a sequential decision support system and quality assessment issues.

    PubMed

    Turner, R Kerry; Morse-Jones, Sian; Fisher, Brendan

    2010-01-01

    Understanding the economic value of nature and the services it provides to humanity has become increasingly important for local, national, and global policy and decision making. It has become obvious that quantifying and integrating these services into decision making will be crucial for sustainable development. Problems arise in that it is difficult to obtain meaningful values for the goods and services that ecosystems provide and for which there is no formal market. A wide range of ecosystem services fall into this category. Additional problems arise when economic methods are applied inappropriately and when the importance of ecosystem maintenance for human welfare is underestimated. In this article we identify a place for monetary valuation within the pluralistic approach supported by ecological economics and assess progress to date in the application of environmental valuation to ecosystem service provision. We first review definitions of ecosystem services in order to make an operational link to valuation methods. We then discuss the spatially explicit nature of ecosystem services provision and benefits capture. We highlight the importance of valuing marginal changes and the role for macroscale valuation, nonlinearities in service benefits, and the significance of nonconvexities (threshold effects). We also review guidance on valuation studies quality assurance, and discuss the problems inherent in the methodology as exposed by the findings of behavioral economics, as well as with benefits transfer--the most common way valuation studies are applied in the policy process. We argue for a sequential decision support system that can lead to a more integrated and rigorous approach to environmental valuation and biophysical measurement of ecosystem services. This system itself then needs to be encompassed within a more comprehensive multicriteria assessment dialogue and process.

  10. Ecosystem valuation: a sequential decision support system and quality assessment issues.

    PubMed

    Turner, R Kerry; Morse-Jones, Sian; Fisher, Brendan

    2010-01-01

    Understanding the economic value of nature and the services it provides to humanity has become increasingly important for local, national, and global policy and decision making. It has become obvious that quantifying and integrating these services into decision making will be crucial for sustainable development. Problems arise in that it is difficult to obtain meaningful values for the goods and services that ecosystems provide and for which there is no formal market. A wide range of ecosystem services fall into this category. Additional problems arise when economic methods are applied inappropriately and when the importance of ecosystem maintenance for human welfare is underestimated. In this article we identify a place for monetary valuation within the pluralistic approach supported by ecological economics and assess progress to date in the application of environmental valuation to ecosystem service provision. We first review definitions of ecosystem services in order to make an operational link to valuation methods. We then discuss the spatially explicit nature of ecosystem services provision and benefits capture. We highlight the importance of valuing marginal changes and the role for macroscale valuation, nonlinearities in service benefits, and the significance of nonconvexities (threshold effects). We also review guidance on valuation studies quality assurance, and discuss the problems inherent in the methodology as exposed by the findings of behavioral economics, as well as with benefits transfer--the most common way valuation studies are applied in the policy process. We argue for a sequential decision support system that can lead to a more integrated and rigorous approach to environmental valuation and biophysical measurement of ecosystem services. This system itself then needs to be encompassed within a more comprehensive multicriteria assessment dialogue and process. PMID:20146763

  11. Framework for Asynchronous Discussion Design Decisions: Applied Principles from Special Issue Authors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grabowski, Barbara L.

    2011-01-01

    After a discussion of the state of both misaligned and informative online and distance education research, the authors in this special issue (hereafter called the collective) extract evidence-based principles about strategies that work. Both are addressed in this article. First, their criticisms centered on the value of comparative research. Those…

  12. Teachers' Controversial Issue Decisions Related to Race, Gender, and Religion during the 2008 Presidential Election

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journell, Wayne

    2011-01-01

    Using the 2008 Presidential Election as a case of curricular controversy, the author describes how six high school government teachers responded to the racial, gender, and religious diversity included on the presidential tickets of the two major political parties. Teachers had to decide whether the issue of Americans challenging the tradition of…

  13. Assisted Reproduction: What factors interfere in the professional's decisions? Are single women an issue?

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background With the development of medical technology, many countries around the world have been implementing ethical guidelines and laws regarding Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR). A physician's reproductive decisions are not solely based on technical criteria but are also influenced by society values. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the factors prioritized by MAR professionals when deciding on whether to accept to perform assisted reproduction and to show any existing cultural differences. Methods Cross-sectional study involving 224 healthcare professionals working with assisted reproduction in Brazil, Italy, Germany and Greece. Instrument used for data collection: a questionnaire, followed by the description of four special MAR cases (a single woman, a lesbian couple, an HIV discordant couple and gender selection) which included case-specific questions regarding the professionals' decision on whether to perform the requested procedure as well as the following factors: socio-demographic variables, moral and legal values as well as the technical aspects which influence decision-making. Results Only the case involving a single woman who wishes to have a child (without the intention of having a partner in the future) demonstrated significant differences. Therefore, the study was driven towards the results of this case specifically. The analyses we performed demonstrated that professionals holding a Master's Degree, those younger in age, female professionals, those having worked for less time in reproduction, those in private clinics and Brazilian health professionals all had a greater tendency to perform the procedure in that case. A multivariate analysis demonstrated that the reasons for the professional's decision to perform the procedure were the woman's right to gestate and the duty of MAR professionals to help her. The professionals who decided not to perform the procedure identified the woman's marital status and the child's right to a

  14. Contemporary issues concerning informed consent in Japan based on a review of court decisions and characteristics of Japanese culture

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Since Japan adopted the concept of informed consent from the West, its inappropriate acquisition from patients in the Japanese clinical setting has continued, due in part to cultural aspects. Here, we discuss the current status of and contemporary issues surrounding informed consent in Japan, and how these are influenced by Japanese culture. Discussion Current legal norms towards informed consent and information disclosure are obscure in Japan. For instance, physicians in Japan do not have a legal duty to inform patients of a cancer diagnosis. To gain a better understanding of these issues, we present five court decisions related to informed consent and information disclosure. We then discuss Japanese culture through reviews of published opinions and commentaries regarding how culture affects decision making and obtaining informed consent. We focus on two contemporary problems involving informed consent and relevant issues in clinical settings: the misuse of informed consent and persistence in obtaining consent. For the former issue, the phrase "informed consent" is often used to express an opportunity to disclose medical conditions and recommended treatment choices. The casual use of the expression "informed consent" likely reflects deep-rooted cultural influences. For the latter issue, physicians may try to obtain a signature by doing whatever it takes, lacking a deep understanding of important ethical principles, such as protecting human dignity, serving the patient’s best interest, and doing no harm in decision-making for patients. There is clearly a misunderstanding of the concept of informed consent and a lack of complete understanding of ethical principles among Japanese healthcare professionals. Although similar in some respects to informed consent as it originated in the United States, our review makes it clear that informed consent in Japan has clear distinguishing features. Summary Japanese healthcare professionals should aim to understand

  15. Ethical issues in decision-making for infants with disorders of sex development.

    PubMed

    Kon, A A

    2015-05-01

    Medical decisions for infants and children should generally be based on the best interests of the child. When there is legitimate controversy over the child's best interests, the right of the child to an open future should generally determine the course of treatment. In the case of infants born with disorders of sex development (DSD), early cosmetic genitoplasty was long believed to be in the child's best interest and was therefore the standard of care. New data suggest that early genitoplasty may be more harmful than helpful, therefore the best interest standard is no longer determinative in such cases. Because children born with DSD have a right to an open future, and because the openness of their future is clearly enhanced by delaying cosmetic genitoplasty until they themselves can participate meaningfully in decision-making, early genitoplasty is ethically supportable only when medically indicated (e.g., when the child is unable to urinate without surgical intervention). Further research is needed to clarify the benefits and burdens of early and delayed genitoplasty. In parallel with further research, efforts should focus on educating society broadly to decrease stigmatization of persons with DSD.

  16. Foster Parents' Rights to Share in Decision-Making for the Foster Child: Some Issues That Foster Parents Should Be Aware Of.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardin, Mark; Tazzara, Patricia

    This brief paper is intended, not to provide legal advice, but to alert foster parents to some of the key legal issues affecting their role in decision-making for the foster child. Contents discuss foster parents' access to adequate information concerning their foster children and their right to pursue grievances, resist agency decisions to remove…

  17. Training in Decision-Making Strategies: An Approach to Enhance Students' Competence to Deal with Socio-Scientific Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gresch, Helge; Hasselhorn, Marcus; Bögeholz, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    Dealing with socio-scientific issues in science classes enables students to participate productively in controversial discussions concerning ethical topics, such as sustainable development. In this respect, well-structured decision-making processes are essential for elaborate reasoning. To foster decision-making competence, a computer-based…

  18. Geoethics and decision science issues in Japan's disaster management system: case study in the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugimoto, Megumi

    2015-04-01

    The March 11, 2011 Tohoku earthquake and its tsunami killed 18,508 people, including the missing (National Police Agency report as of April 2014) and raise the Level 7 accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station in Japan. The problems revealed can be viewed as due to a combination of risk-management, risk-communication, and geoethics issues. Japan's preparations for earthquakes and tsunamis are based on the magnitude of the anticipated earthquake for each region. The government organization coordinating the estimation of anticipated earthquakes is the "Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion" (HERP), which is under the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Japan's disaster mitigation system is depicted schematically as consisting of three layers: seismology, civil engineering, and disaster mitigation planning. This research explains students in geoscience should study geoethics as part of their education related Tohoku earthquake and the Level 7 accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station. Only when they become practicing professionals, they will be faced with real geoethical dilemmas. A crisis such as the 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, will force many geoscientists to suddenly confront previously unanticipated geoethics and risk-communication issues. One hopes that previous training will help them to make appropriate decisions under stress. We name it "decision science".

  19. The Effects of Emotive Reasoning on Secondary School Students' Decision-Making in the Context of Socioscientific Issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Powell, Wardell A.

    The discrepancy between what students are being taught within K-12 science classrooms and what they experience in the real world has been well documented. This study sought to explore the ways a high school biology curriculum, which integrates socioscientific issues, impacts students' emotive reasoning and their ability to evaluate evidence, make informed decisions on contemporary scientific dilemmas, and integrate scientific content knowledge in their reasoning on SSI. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to examine differences within and between an SSI treatment group and a comparison group as well as individual differences among students' responses over a semester of high school biology. Results indicated students used emotions largely to evaluate evidence and make decisions on contentious scientific dilemmas. In addition, the results showed students used newly gained scientific content knowledge to make logical predictions on contentious scientific issues. Statistical significance was found between groups of students in regard to their interest in the use of embryonic stem cell treatments to restore rats' vision, as well as students' abilities to evaluate evidence. Theoretical implications regarding the use of SSI in the classroom are presented.

  20. Funding the new biologics--public policy issues in drug formulary decision making.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Steven

    2002-12-01

    One function of drug formularies is to allow health care providers to exert some control over spending. Decisions about whether to include a given medication in a formulary are based on estimates of its costs and effectiveness, relative to other treatment strategies. These decisions are made from a societal perspective, as opposed to that of individual patients, which sometimes results in conflicts. The clinical response to a medication often varies widely among subjects, which means that a small subgroup of patients might benefit dramatically, while others with the same disease do not. The result would be that a drug might appear not to be cost effective in an economic analysis, even though it is of proven value for some patients. New and innovative medications are assessed according to high standards of cost effectiveness, even though established treatments are wasteful of valuable health care resources. Moreover, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) discriminate against certain patient groups, including those with diseases that are associated with a high morbidity but a low mortality. Such patients often incur high indirect costs, including loss of employment income and costs incurred by family caregivers that QALYs do not reflect. Therefore, even though QALYs are transparent and widely applicable, they are not necessarily appropriate in the evaluation of a particular therapeutic intervention. A new paradigm should be developed for evaluating emerging therapies. An example would be a risk-sharing approach, whereby the pharmaceutical industry and public insurers share in the costs and rewards of introducing new treatments. This would have implications for the prices charged for new medications.

  1. 20 CFR 498.220 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... any party to file a notice of appeal with the DAB and instructions for how to file such appeal. If the... § 498.221(a) is filed with the DAB, the initial decision of the ALJ becomes final and binding on...

  2. 20 CFR 498.220 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... any party to file a notice of appeal with the DAB and instructions for how to file such appeal. If the... § 498.221(a) is filed with the DAB, the initial decision of the ALJ becomes final and binding on...

  3. 20 CFR 498.220 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... any party to file a notice of appeal with the DAB and instructions for how to file such appeal. If the... § 498.221(a) is filed with the DAB, the initial decision of the ALJ becomes final and binding on...

  4. 20 CFR 498.220 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... any party to file a notice of appeal with the DAB and instructions for how to file such appeal. If the... § 498.221(a) is filed with the DAB, the initial decision of the ALJ becomes final and binding on...

  5. 20 CFR 498.220 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... any party to file a notice of appeal with the DAB and instructions for how to file such appeal. If the... § 498.221(a) is filed with the DAB, the initial decision of the ALJ becomes final and binding on...

  6. 15 CFR 719.18 - Decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., with or without conditions, in accordance with 22 CFR 103.8. ..., conclusions of law, and a decision based thereon as to whether the respondent has violated the Act. If the ALJ..., circumstances, extent and gravity of the violation(s), and, with respect to the respondent, the...

  7. 15 CFR 719.18 - Decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., with or without conditions, in accordance with 22 CFR 103.8. ..., conclusions of law, and a decision based thereon as to whether the respondent has violated the Act. If the ALJ..., circumstances, extent and gravity of the violation(s), and, with respect to the respondent, the...

  8. Nephrology nurses' perspectives on difficult ethical issues and practice guideline for shared decision making.

    PubMed

    Rabetoy, Christy Price; Bair, Bradley C

    2007-01-01

    Nephrologists and nephrology nurses have struggled with the technological, financial, and ethical concerns surrounding the life sustaining treatment of hemodialysis for as long as this treatment as been available. One of the overriding issues for the nephrology community has been appropriate utilization of this technology and the appropriate restraint for prescribing dialysis. Since the inception of dialysis, there has been discussion of guidelines for deciding who should receive and who should not receive this therapy. In 2000, a clinical guideline was developed to assist in directing the care of patients. The knowledge and acceptance of this guideline by nephrologists has been researched in the past. However, there is no data of knowledge and acceptance of the guideline by nephrology clinical nurses or nephrology nurse practitioners. A survey was conducted to begin to ascertain this information in order to better understand the perspectives of nephrology nurses.

  9. 15 CFR 719.20 - Record for decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... or under 22 CFR 103.8, the decision of the ALJ and such submissions as are provided for under § 719.18 or 22 CFR 103.8 will constitute the record and the exclusive basis for decision. When a case is settled, the record will consist of any and all of the foregoing, as well as the NOVA or draft...

  10. 15 CFR 719.20 - Record for decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... or under 22 CFR 103.8, the decision of the ALJ and such submissions as are provided for under § 719.18 or 22 CFR 103.8 will constitute the record and the exclusive basis for decision. When a case is settled, the record will consist of any and all of the foregoing, as well as the NOVA or draft...

  11. 15 CFR 719.20 - Record for decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... or under 22 CFR 103.8, the decision of the ALJ and such submissions as are provided for under § 719.18 or 22 CFR 103.8 will constitute the record and the exclusive basis for decision. When a case is settled, the record will consist of any and all of the foregoing, as well as the NOVA or draft...

  12. 15 CFR 719.20 - Record for decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... or under 22 CFR 103.8, the decision of the ALJ and such submissions as are provided for under § 719.18 or 22 CFR 103.8 will constitute the record and the exclusive basis for decision. When a case is settled, the record will consist of any and all of the foregoing, as well as the NOVA or draft...

  13. 20 CFR 498.222 - Final decision of the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... any penalty or assessment remanded to the ALJ, the DAB's recommended decision, including a recommended... days after the date on which the DAB serves the parties to the appeal and the Commissioner with a copy of the recommended decision, unless the Commissioner reverses or modifies the DAB's...

  14. 20 CFR 498.222 - Final decision of the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... any penalty or assessment remanded to the ALJ, the DAB's recommended decision, including a recommended... days after the date on which the DAB serves the parties to the appeal and the Commissioner with a copy of the recommended decision, unless the Commissioner reverses or modifies the DAB's...

  15. 20 CFR 498.222 - Final decision of the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... any penalty or assessment remanded to the ALJ, the DAB's recommended decision, including a recommended... days after the date on which the DAB serves the parties to the appeal and the Commissioner with a copy of the recommended decision, unless the Commissioner reverses or modifies the DAB's...

  16. 20 CFR 498.222 - Final decision of the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... any penalty or assessment remanded to the ALJ, the DAB's recommended decision, including a recommended... days after the date on which the DAB serves the parties to the appeal and the Commissioner with a copy of the recommended decision, unless the Commissioner reverses or modifies the DAB's...

  17. 20 CFR 498.222 - Final decision of the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... any penalty or assessment remanded to the ALJ, the DAB's recommended decision, including a recommended... days after the date on which the DAB serves the parties to the appeal and the Commissioner with a copy of the recommended decision, unless the Commissioner reverses or modifies the DAB's...

  18. 15 CFR 719.20 - Record for decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION REGULATIONS... or under 22 CFR 103.8, the decision of the ALJ and such submissions as are provided for under § 719.18 or 22 CFR 103.8 will constitute the record and the exclusive basis for decision. When a case...

  19. Science-based decision-making on complex issues: Marcellus shale gas hydrofracking and New York City water supply.

    PubMed

    Eaton, Timothy T

    2013-09-01

    Complex scientific and non-scientific considerations are central to the pending decisions about "hydrofracking" or high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) to exploit unconventional natural gas resources worldwide. While incipient plans are being made internationally for major shale reservoirs, production and technology are most advanced in the United States, particularly in Texas and Pennsylvania, with a pending decision in New York State whether to proceed. In contrast to the narrow scientific and technical debate to date, focused on either greenhouse gas emissions or water resources, toxicology and land use in the watersheds that supply drinking water to New York City (NYC), I review the scientific and technical aspects in combination with global climate change and other critical issues in energy tradeoffs, economics and political regulation to evaluate the major liabilities and benefits. Although potential benefits of Marcellus natural gas exploitation are large for transition to a clean energy economy, at present the regulatory framework in New York State is inadequate to prevent potentially irreversible threats to the local environment and New York City water supply. Major investments in state and federal regulatory enforcement will be required to avoid these environmental consequences, and a ban on drilling within the NYC water supply watersheds is appropriate, even if more highly regulated Marcellus gas production is eventually permitted elsewhere in New York State. PMID:23722091

  20. Science-based decision-making on complex issues: Marcellus shale gas hydrofracking and New York City water supply.

    PubMed

    Eaton, Timothy T

    2013-09-01

    Complex scientific and non-scientific considerations are central to the pending decisions about "hydrofracking" or high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) to exploit unconventional natural gas resources worldwide. While incipient plans are being made internationally for major shale reservoirs, production and technology are most advanced in the United States, particularly in Texas and Pennsylvania, with a pending decision in New York State whether to proceed. In contrast to the narrow scientific and technical debate to date, focused on either greenhouse gas emissions or water resources, toxicology and land use in the watersheds that supply drinking water to New York City (NYC), I review the scientific and technical aspects in combination with global climate change and other critical issues in energy tradeoffs, economics and political regulation to evaluate the major liabilities and benefits. Although potential benefits of Marcellus natural gas exploitation are large for transition to a clean energy economy, at present the regulatory framework in New York State is inadequate to prevent potentially irreversible threats to the local environment and New York City water supply. Major investments in state and federal regulatory enforcement will be required to avoid these environmental consequences, and a ban on drilling within the NYC water supply watersheds is appropriate, even if more highly regulated Marcellus gas production is eventually permitted elsewhere in New York State.

  1. Decision-making in adult thalassemia patients undergoing unrelated bone marrow transplantation: quality of life, communication and ethical issues.

    PubMed

    Caocci, G; Pisu, S; Argiolu, F; Giardini, C; Locatelli, F; Vacca, A; Orofino, M G; Piras, E; De Stefano, P; Addari, M C; Ledda, A; La Nasa, G

    2006-01-01

    Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) represents a potentially curative treatment of thalassemia. For patients without an HLA-identical sibling donor, recourse to an unrelated donor is a practicable option but the candidates and their families are faced with a difficult decision. They can either choose to continue the supportive therapy, with no chance of definitive cure, or they accept the mortality risk of BMT in the hope of obtaining a definitive resolution of the disease. We investigated the communication strategies and the post transplantation quality of life (QoL) in 19 adult thalassemia patients surviving after an unrelated donor BMT. The patients were given two questionnaires: a questionnaire to evaluate pre-transplantation communication factors and the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire to assess global QoL. All patients were satisfied with the communication modalities employed by the physicians. The global post transplantation QoL in our patient cohort was found to be good. The approach used in this study may offer a contribution to understanding the decision-making process leading to the choice of a treatment with a high mortality risk for a chronic, non-malignant disease. Finally, some ethical issues of this therapeutic approach are briefly addressed. PMID:16299541

  2. 45 CFR 681.30 - Are ex parte communications between a party and the ALJ permitted?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681... a party and the ALJ are not permitted unless the other party consents to such a communication...

  3. 45 CFR 681.30 - Are ex parte communications between a party and the ALJ permitted?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681... a party and the ALJ are not permitted unless the other party consents to such a communication...

  4. 45 CFR 681.30 - Are ex parte communications between a party and the ALJ permitted?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681... a party and the ALJ are not permitted unless the other party consents to such a communication...

  5. 45 CFR 681.30 - Are ex parte communications between a party and the ALJ permitted?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681... a party and the ALJ are not permitted unless the other party consents to such a communication...

  6. 45 CFR 681.30 - Are ex parte communications between a party and the ALJ permitted?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Procedures § 681... a party and the ALJ are not permitted unless the other party consents to such a communication...

  7. 7 CFR 1.317 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Related to Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.317... prejudice. (2) If the ALJ disqualifies himself or herself, the case shall be reassigned promptly to...

  8. 38 CFR 42.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.16... determines that a reviewing official is disqualified, the ALJ shall dismiss the complaint without...

  9. Gaia16ali and Gaia16alj supernovae confirmed by Euler imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roelens, M.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Semaan, T.; Palaversa, L.; Mowlavi, N.; Eyer, L.

    2016-04-01

    We report confirmation of Gaia Science Alerts transients Gaia16ali and Gaia16alj. Images were obtained through modified Gunn R band filter of the ECAM instrument installed on the Swiss 1.2m Euler telescope at La Silla, on 2016 April 19 - 22 UT. These new sources are supernovae candidates and they are not visible in archival 2MASS and DSS images: Gaia16ali (near centre of galaxy GALEXASC J041551.89-621715.5) and Gaia16alj.

  10. 42 CFR 423.1042 - Hearing on new issues.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hearing on new issues. 423.1042 Section 423.1042... Penalties § 423.1042 Hearing on new issues. (a) Basic rules. (1) Within the time limits specified in..., provide a hearing on new issues that impinge on the rights of the affected party. (2) The ALJ may...

  11. 42 CFR 422.1042 - Hearing on new issues.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hearing on new issues. 422.1042 Section 422.1042....1042 Hearing on new issues. (a) Basic rules. (1) Within the time limits specified in paragraph (b) of... hearing on new issues that impinge on the rights of the affected party. (2) The ALJ may consider...

  12. The Heat Is On: Decision-Maker Perspectives on When and How to Issue a Heat Warning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    O'Neill, M.; Sampson, N.; McCormick, S.; Rood, R. B.; Buxton, M.; Ebi, K. L.; Gronlund, C. J.; Zhang, K.; Catalano, L.; White-Newsome, J. L.; Conlon, K. C.; Parker, E. A.

    2011-12-01

    To better understand how to prevent illness and deaths during hot weather, particularly among at-risk populations, we conducted a study in Detroit, Michigan; Phoenix, Arizona; New York, New York, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Our aims were to characterize and better understand how heatwave and health early warning systems (HHWS) and related prevention and sustainability programs can be more widely and effectively implemented. Specifically, we here report on the scientific evidence, expert judgments and the process used in deciding to trigger a HHWS and activate public health and social services interventions. We conducted interviews with public officials who decide if and when heat advisories/warnings are issued. After transcribing the interviews, we used a qualitative analysis software, QSR NVivo 9.0, to assign codes to portions of text from each transcript and allow analysis of information with common themes across the data. For example, several sentences in a transcript discussing a heat index might be coded as 'definition of heat wave'. A common theme across cities was that deciding what type of weather is dangerous to health is not straightforward. The time in season that heat occurs; the duration of the heat; the level of humidity and other meteorological factors; the extent to which temperatures drop at night, allowing people to cool off; and prevailing weather conditions all play a role. A single 'safe' threshold is unrealistic because people's individual sensitivity, housing, surrounding environments, behaviors, and access to air conditioning can differ greatly. However, choices must be made as to the trigger for the HHWS. Although quantitative analysis with health data (mortality, hospital admissions) can inform the design of the triggers, historical analysis has limitations, and decisions to issue heat warnings are sometimes related to planned activities, such as parades or fairs, that may expose large numbers of people to heat. The HHWS approach

  13. Using explicit decision rules to manage issues of justice, risk, and ethics in decision analysis: when is it not rational to maximize expected utility?

    PubMed

    Deber, R B; Goel, V

    1990-01-01

    Concepts of justice, risk, and ethics can be merged with decision analysis by requiring the analyst to specify explicity a decision rule or sequence of rules. Decision rules are categorized by whether they consider: 1) aspects of outcome distributions beyond central tendencies; 2) probabilities as well as utilities of outcomes; and 3) means as well as ends. This formulation suggests that distribution-based decision rules could address both risk (for an individual) and justice (for the population). Rational choice under risk if choices are one-time only (vs. repeated events) or if one branch contains unlikely but disastrous outcomes might ignore probability information. Incorporating risk attitude into decision rules rather than utilities could facilitate use of multiattribute approaches to measuring outcomes. Certain ethical concerns could be addressed by prior specification of rules for allowing particular branches. Examples, including selection of polio vaccine strategies, are discussed, and theoretical and practical implications of a decision rule approach noted. PMID:2196412

  14. Survey of controversial issues of end-of-life treatment decisions in Korea: similarities and discrepancies between healthcare professionals and the general public

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction End-of-life (EOL) treatment issues have recently gained societal attention after the Korean Supreme Court’s ruling that the presumed wishes of an elderly woman in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) should be honored. We tried to evaluate what Koreans thought about controversial issues regarding EOL treatments. Methods We surveyed Koreans with the following questions: 1) are ventilator-dependent PVS patients candidates for end-of life treatment decisions? 2) Is withholding and withdrawing EOL treatment the same thing? 3) In an unconscious, terminally ill patient, whose wishes are unknown, how should EOL decisions be made? 4) How should we settle disagreement amongst medical staff and the patient’s family on EOL decisions? Results One thousand Koreans not working in healthcare and five hundred healthcare professionals responded to the survey. Fifty-seven percent of Koreans not working in healthcare and sixty seven percent of Korean healthcare professionals agreed that ventilator-dependent PVS patients are candidates for EOL treatment decisions. One quarter of all respondents regarded withholding and withdrawing EOL treatment as equal. Over 50% thought that EOL treatment decisions should be made through discussions between the physician and the patient’s family. For conflict resolution, 75% of Koreans not working in healthcare preferred direct settlement between the medical staff and the patient’s family while 55% of healthcare professionals preferred the hospital ethics committee. Conclusions Unsettled issues in Korea regarding EOL treatment decision include whether to include ventilator-dependent PVS patients as candidates of EOL treatment decision and how to sort out disagreements regarding EOL treatment decisions. Koreans viewed withholding and withdrawing EOL treatment issues differently. PMID:24093519

  15. Attitudes of health care trainees about genetics and disability: issues of access, health care communication, and decision making.

    PubMed

    Ormond, Kelly E; Gill, Carol J; Semik, Patrick; Kirschner, Kristi L

    2003-08-01

    Prior studies suggest that knowledge and attitudes of health care professionals influence patient communication and medical decision-making. To study this dynamic in the context of genetic disability, we developed a survey on health professionals' attitudes regarding disability and genetic screening and pilot-tested it on a sample of medical students, residents, and genetic counseling students (N=85). Despite minimal experience with disability or genetics, most respondents reported feeling comfortable dealing with genetics (59%) and disability (75%). The majority felt that disability caused significant suffering for both the person (51%) and family (64%), and that research should be directed toward preventing genetic disability (62%). Similar to prior literature, perceived "Quality of Life" was most often based on degrees of physical and cognitive functioning, pain, and social support. However, differences were found between genetic counseling trainees and other medical trainees in their relative emphasis of social versus medical issues in questions of disability and genetic testing, and these response patterns were associated with differences in the groups' priorities for offering information about social resources. Respondents agreed that access to genetic testing and information is personal and that testing should be available upon request for oneself (68%) and to a lesser degree for one's fetus (55%) or child (41%). However, the same individuals frequently stated that society should regulate access to such technologies. Although most felt that the patient and professional should jointly make such decisions on a case-by-case basis, it was also seen as appropriate for the health care professional to occasionally decline genetic testing. It seems appropriate that training and experience influence knowledge and attitudes. Therefore, it is critical to document knowledge and attitudes of various health care providers and trainees, including differences between

  16. 42 CFR 423.2036 - Description of an ALJ hearing process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... enrollee agrees to an extension of the adjudication period as specified in § 423.2016, that may be... specified in § 423.2016 for issuing a hearing decision. The waiver may be for a specific period of...

  17. 42 CFR 423.2036 - Description of an ALJ hearing process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... waiver the enrollee agrees to an extension of the adjudication period as specified in § 423.2016, that... specified in § 423.2016 for issuing a hearing decision. The waiver may be for a specific period of...

  18. Operationalizing Consumer Decision Making and Choice in the VR Process. Institute on Rehabilitation Issues (21st, Baltimore, Maryland, March 1995). Report from the Study Group.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Ronald R., Ed.

    This document is the product of meetings of the Prime Study Group of the Institute on Rehabilitation Issues, whose mission was to: examine consumer choice and decision making in rehabilitation; review the legislation and consumer movements leading to greater consumer choice; identify the roles and responsibilities of the consumer, the counselor,…

  19. State Decision-Makers Guide for Hazardous Waste Management: Defining Hazardous Wastes, Problem Recognition, Land Use, Facility Operations, Conceptual Framework, Policy Issues, Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corson, Alan; And Others

    Presented are key issues to be addressed by state, regional, and local governments and agencies in creating effective hazardous waste management programs. Eight chapters broadly frame the topics which state-level decision makers should consider. These chapters include: (1) definition of hazardous waste; (2) problem definition and recognition; (3)…

  20. 41 CFR 102-118.485 - Is there a time limit for my agency to issue a decision on disputed claims?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Is there a time limit... Information for All Claims § 102-118.485 Is there a time limit for my agency to issue a decision on...

  1. 50 CFR 23.33 - How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document? 23.33 Section 23.33 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH... INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Application Procedures, Criteria,...

  2. 50 CFR 23.33 - How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document? 23.33 Section 23.33 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH... INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Application Procedures, Criteria,...

  3. 50 CFR 23.33 - How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document? 23.33 Section 23.33 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH... INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Application Procedures, Criteria,...

  4. 50 CFR 23.33 - How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document? 23.33 Section 23.33 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH... INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Application Procedures, Criteria,...

  5. 50 CFR 23.33 - How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How is the decision made to issue or deny a request for a U.S. CITES document? 23.33 Section 23.33 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH... INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Application Procedures, Criteria,...

  6. 42 CFR 423.2010 - When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing. 423.2010 Section 423.2010 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2010...

  7. 42 CFR 423.2010 - When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing. 423.2010 Section 423.2010 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2010...

  8. 42 CFR 423.2010 - When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing. 423.2010 Section 423.2010 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2010...

  9. 10 CFR 2.629 - Finality of partial decision on site suitability issues in a combined license proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...), the Director of the Office of New Reactors or the Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation... a combined license proceeding. 2.629 Section 2.629 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION AGENCY RULES... Decisions on Site Suitability-Combined License Under 10 Cfr Part 52 § 2.629 Finality of partial decision...

  10. 10 CFR 2.629 - Finality of partial decision on site suitability issues in a combined license proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...), the Director of the Office of New Reactors or the Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation... a combined license proceeding. 2.629 Section 2.629 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION AGENCY RULES... Decisions on Site Suitability-Combined License Under 10 Cfr Part 52 § 2.629 Finality of partial decision...

  11. 42 CFR 426.431 - ALJ's review of the LCD to apply the reasonableness standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ALJ's review of the LCD to apply the reasonableness standard. 426.431 Section 426.431 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS...

  12. 42 CFR 426.419 - LCD record furnished to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false LCD record furnished to the ALJ. 426.419 Section 426.419 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL...

  13. 42 CFR 423.2004 - Right to ALJ review of IRE notice of dismissal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2004 Right to ALJ review of IRE notice of dismissal. (a) An... reconsideration request is binding and not subject to further review, unless vacated by the MAC under § 423.2108(b)....

  14. 7 CFR 1.633 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 1.633 Section 1.633 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.633 Under...

  15. 7 CFR 1.633 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 1.633 Section 1.633 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.633 Under...

  16. 43 CFR 45.33 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 45.33 Section 45.33 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.33...

  17. 43 CFR 45.33 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 45.33 Section 45.33 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.33...

  18. 43 CFR 45.32 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 45.32 Section 45.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.32...

  19. 43 CFR 45.32 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 45.32 Section 45.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.32...

  20. 43 CFR 45.31 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 45.31 Section 45.31 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.31 What...

  1. 7 CFR 1.633 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 1.633 Section 1.633 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.633 Under...

  2. 43 CFR 45.32 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 45.32 Section 45.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.32...

  3. 43 CFR 45.33 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 45.33 Section 45.33 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.33...

  4. 43 CFR 45.33 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 45.33 Section 45.33 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.33...

  5. 7 CFR 1.633 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 1.633 Section 1.633 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.633 Under...

  6. 43 CFR 45.31 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 45.31 Section 45.31 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.31 What...

  7. 43 CFR 45.32 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 45.32 Section 45.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.32...

  8. 43 CFR 45.31 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true What are the powers of the ALJ? 45.31 Section 45.31 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.31 What...

  9. 43 CFR 45.31 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 45.31 Section 45.31 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.31 What...

  10. 43 CFR 45.33 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 45.33 Section 45.33 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.33...

  11. 7 CFR 1.633 - Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Under what circumstances may the ALJ be disqualified? 1.633 Section 1.633 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses General Provisions Related to Hearings § 1.633 Under...

  12. 43 CFR 45.32 - What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true What happens if the ALJ becomes unavailable? 45.32 Section 45.32 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.32...

  13. 43 CFR 45.31 - What are the powers of the ALJ?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What are the powers of the ALJ? 45.31 Section 45.31 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process General Provisions Related to Hearings § 45.31 What...

  14. 45 CFR 79.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 79.16 Section 79.16 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION... belief that personal bias or other reason for disqualification exists and the time and circumstances...

  15. 45 CFR 79.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 79.16 Section 79.16 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION... belief that personal bias or other reason for disqualification exists and the time and circumstances...

  16. 45 CFR 79.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 79.16 Section 79.16 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION... belief that personal bias or other reason for disqualification exists and the time and circumstances...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1010 - When CMS or its contractors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ALJ hearing. 405.1010 Section 405.1010 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... case, but it does not include calling witnesses or cross-examining the witnesses of a party to the... not be called as a witness during the hearing. (e) CMS or its contractor must submit any...

  18. 42 CFR 405.1036 - Description of an ALJ hearing process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Presenting written statements and oral arguments. A party or a person designated to act as a party's... paragraph (f)(2) of this section with the ALJ no later than the end of the discovery period established by... only where a party— (i) Has sought discovery; (ii) Has filed a motion to compel; (iii) Has had...

  19. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 308.515 Section 308.515 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures §...

  20. 12 CFR 308.510 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 308.510 Section 308.510 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.510 Referral...

  1. 12 CFR 308.510 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 308.510 Section 308.510 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.510 Referral...

  2. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 308.515 Section 308.515 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures §...

  3. 12 CFR 308.510 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 308.510 Section 308.510 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.510 Referral...

  4. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 308.515 Section 308.515 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures §...

  5. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 308.515 Section 308.515 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures §...

  6. 12 CFR 308.510 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 308.510 Section 308.510 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.510 Referral...

  7. 12 CFR 308.510 - Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Referral of complaint and answer to the ALJ. 308.510 Section 308.510 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.510 Referral...

  8. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 308.515 Section 308.515 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures §...

  9. 42 CFR 405.1020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... hearing, and may change the time and place, if necessary. (b) Determining how appearances are made. The... change the time or place of the hearing if the party has good cause. (Section 405.1052(a)(2) provides the... time and place of the hearing.) (f) Good cause for changing the time or place. The ALJ can find...

  10. 42 CFR 405.1020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1020 Section 405.1020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  11. 42 CFR 405.1052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1052 Section 405.1052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  12. 42 CFR 405.1052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1052 Section 405.1052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  13. 42 CFR 405.1052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1052 Section 405.1052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  14. 42 CFR 405.1020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1020 Section 405.1020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  15. 42 CFR 405.1020 - Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Time and place for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1020 Section 405.1020 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  16. 42 CFR 405.1052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1052 Section 405.1052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  17. 42 CFR 405.1052 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an ALJ. 405.1052 Section 405.1052 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED...

  18. The Complex Clinical Issues Involved in an Athlete's Decision to Retire from Collision Sport Due to Multiple Concussions: A Case Study of a Professional Athlete.

    PubMed

    Gardner, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    The issue of retirement from athletic participation due to repetitive concussive injuries remains controversial. The complexity of providing recommendations to elite athletes is highlighted by the prospect that offering inappropriate advice may foreseeably lead to engagement in a medico-legal challenge. Currently no evidenced-based, scientifically validated guidelines for forming the basis of such a decision exist. The current paper discusses the complexities of this challenge in addition to presenting a case study of a professional athlete. A number of central issues to consider when discussing athlete retirement revolve around the player's medical and concussion histories, the current clinical profile, the athlete's long-term life goals, and understanding of the potential long-term risks. Ensuring that thorough investigations of all possible differential diagnosis, that may explain the presenting symptoms, are conducted is also essential. Discussion pertaining to recommendations for guiding the clinical approach to the retirement issue for athletes with a history of multiple concussions is presented.

  19. 43 CFR 45.60 - What are the requirements for the ALJ's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... issuance of the referral notice under § 45.25(c), 7 CFR 1.625(c), or 50 CFR 221.25(c). (b) Content. (1) The... law necessary to make the findings of fact (such as rulings on materiality and on the admissibility...

  20. 43 CFR 4.906 - What if the Department does not issue a decision by the date my appeal ends?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (for appeals filed on or after May 13, 1999 and 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the MMS Director's..., and if you appealed the Director's decision to IBLA under 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the... 30 CFR part 290 in effect prior to May 13, 1999 and contained in the 30 CFR, parts 200 to...

  1. 43 CFR 4.906 - What if the Department does not issue a decision by the date my appeal ends?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (for appeals filed on or after May 13, 1999 and 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the MMS Director's..., and if you appealed the Director's decision to IBLA under 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the... 30 CFR part 290 in effect prior to May 13, 1999 and contained in the 30 CFR, parts 200 to...

  2. 43 CFR 4.906 - What if the Department does not issue a decision by the date my appeal ends?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (for appeals filed on or after May 13, 1999 and 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the MMS Director's..., and if you appealed the Director's decision to IBLA under 43 CFR part 4, subpart E, then the... 30 CFR part 290 in effect prior to May 13, 1999 and contained in the 30 CFR, parts 200 to...

  3. 34 CFR 222.157 - What procedures apply for issuing or appealing an administrative law judge's decision?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Impact Aid Administrative Hearings and Judicial Review Under Section 8011 of the Act § 222.157...) The ALJ— (i) Makes written findings and an initial decision based upon the hearing record; and...

  4. 10 CFR 2.629 - Finality of partial decision on site suitability issues in a combined license proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate, shall determine whether the... a combined license proceeding. 2.629 Section 2.629 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF... Work Authorizations Early Partial Decisions on Site Suitability-Combined License Under 10 Cfr Part...

  5. 10 CFR 2.629 - Finality of partial decision on site suitability issues in a combined license proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate, shall determine whether the... a combined license proceeding. 2.629 Section 2.629 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF... Work Authorizations Early Partial Decisions on Site Suitability-Combined License Under 10 Cfr Part...

  6. 10 CFR 2.629 - Finality of partial decision on site suitability issues in a combined license proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, as appropriate, shall determine whether the... a combined license proceeding. 2.629 Section 2.629 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF... Work Authorizations Early Partial Decisions on Site Suitability-Combined License Under 10 Cfr Part...

  7. Insights into freshman weight issues: An ethnographic study of how first-year college students make decisions about eating

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The transition from high school to college represents a life turning point during which health behavior trajectories may be influenced. This study addresses the internal and external factors that guide students’ eating decisions as they are understood and relayed by students through ethnographic, qu...

  8. 42 CFR 423.2024 - Objections to the issues.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Objections to the issues. 423.2024 Section 423.2024 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC...

  9. 75 FR 71415 - Notice of Decision To Issue Permits for the Importation of Wall Rocket Leaves From the United...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... notice \\1\\ in the Federal Register on July 8, 2010 (75 FR 39203-39204, Docket No. APHIS- 2010-0027), in... Wall Rocket Leaves From the United Kingdom Into the Continental United States AGENCY: Animal and Plant... begin issuing permits for the importation into the continental United States of wall rocket leaves...

  10. Students' Socioscientific Reasoning and Decision-Making on Energy-Related Issues--Development of a Measurement Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakschewski, Mark; Eggert, Sabina; Schneider, Susanne; Bögeholz, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    The concept of energy is one key component of science education curricula worldwide. While it is still being taught in many science classrooms from a mainly conceptual knowledge perspective, the need to frame the concept of energy as a socioscientific issue and implement it in the context of citizenship education and education for sustainable…

  11. A social work practice reflection on issues arising for LGBTI older people interfacing with health and residential care: rights, decision making and end-of-life care.

    PubMed

    Duffy, Francis; Healy, John Paul

    2014-01-01

    This article is a social work practice reflection on issues arising for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) older people interfacing with health and residential care in Australia; focusing on clients, families, and carers in relation to rights, decision making, and end-of-life care. The article explores relevant case examples from social work practice in a health and residential care setting that highlight some specific complexities of working with this client group. This article brings greater attention to issues arising for older LBGTI when interfacing with health and residential care and has the potential to improve practice for social workers and other health professionals and improve outcomes for LGBTI older people.

  12. Electronic tracking for people with dementia: an exploratory study of the ethical issues experienced by carers in making decisions about usage.

    PubMed

    White, Eleanor Bantry; Montgomery, Paul

    2014-03-01

    Electronic tracking through GPS (global positioning system) is being used to monitor and locate people with dementia who are vulnerable to becoming lost. Through a review of the literature and an original study, this article examined ethical issues associated with use in a domestic setting. The qualitative study consisted of in-depth interviews with 10 carers who were using electronic tracking. The study explored the values, beliefs and contextual factors that motivated carers to use electronic tracking. It examined the extent of involvement of the person with dementia in decision-making and it explored the various ethical dilemmas encountered by carers when introducing the tracking system. As an issue that emerged from the interviews, specific attention was paid to exploring covert usage. From the study findings, recommendations have been made for research and practice about the use of electronic tracking in dementia care.

  13. 75 FR 81708 - Notice of Decision To Issue Buy American Waivers for Foreign Object Debris (FOD) Detection Equipment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... Circular 150/5220-24. Subsequently, the FAA will issue Buy American Waivers based on the 60% U.S. content... Aviation Systems' FOD Finder XF and QinetiQ's Tarsier FOD System based on the 60% U.S. content and U.S... manufacturers with products containing 60% or more U.S. content and U.S. final assembly are able to...

  14. Valid informed consent and participative decision-making in children with cancer and their parents: a report of the SIOP Working Committee on psychosocial issues in pediatric oncology.

    PubMed

    Spinetta, John J; Masera, Giuseppe; Jankovic, Momcilo; Oppenheim, Daniel; Martins, Antonio Gentil; Ben Arush, Myriam Weyl; van Dongen-Melman, Jeanette; Epelman, Claudia; Medin, Gabriela; Pekkanen, Kirsti; Eden, Tim

    2003-04-01

    This is the tenth official document of the SIOP Working Committee on psychosocial issues in pediatric oncology, instituted in 1991. It is addressed to the pediatric oncology community. Children clearly have a right to participate in medical decisions regarding their own treatment, based on the developmental level of the child. The objective of these guidelines is to encourage physicians to share with the child developmentally relevant medical information specific to that particular child's health status, in the context of the child's own culture, so that he or she can actively participate in the decision-making process regarding his or her own health. These guidelines, geared toward this objective, discuss the child's right to medical information, the parents' legal responsibility for but not exclusive right over the child's health, and ways of encouraging the younger child's active participation in his or her own health care at an age-appropriate level of understanding. For adolescents, there should be a full and legally mandated power to make their own decisions regarding medical treatment.

  15. 43 CFR 35.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the authority to— (1) Set and change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice... time; (3) Hold conferences to identify or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may... hearings; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of...

  16. 22 CFR 35.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties; (2) Continue or... or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of... the authority therefore; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope...

  17. 28 CFR 71.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Set and change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties; (2... identify or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition... and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the...

  18. 45 CFR 79.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Set and change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties; (2... identify or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition... and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the...

  19. 22 CFR 35.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties; (2) Continue or... or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition of... the authority therefore; (6) Rule on motions and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope...

  20. 45 CFR 79.18 - Authority of the ALJ.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Set and change the date, time, and place of the hearing upon reasonable notice to the parties; (2... identify or simplify the issues, or to consider other matters that may aid in the expeditious disposition... and other procedural matters; (7) Regulate the scope and timing of discovery; (8) Regulate the...

  1. Issues and Structures for Sharing Medical Knowledge Among Decision-Making Systems: The 1989 Arden Homestead Retreat

    PubMed Central

    Clayton, Paul D.; Pryor, T. Allan; Wigertz, Ove B.; Hripcsak, George

    1989-01-01

    To address the issue of facilitating transfer and integration of the variety of computer-based programs which contain medical expertise, a retreat was held at Columbia University's Arden Homestead conference center June 16-18, 1989. The focus of this retreat was to explore ways in which the medical expertise contained in knowledge-based systems could be shared and expanded. During the three day meeting, the eighteen attendees from ten institutions discussed: (a) the need for better ways of mapping terminology used in one setting or program to terms with similar meaning that have been used in other programs, (b) the need for catalogues which list the variety of programs which are available, (c) a representational syntax and format for sharing modular medical knowledge, (d) the possibility of developing standards for interfacing program modules so that they could be “snapped” into place in a variety of systems, (e) methods for evaluating, validating and testing knowledge based systems, and (f) the legal and financial aspects of sharing systems which influence the care that is given to a patient. We emerged from the retreat with a feeling that there was an enthusiastic but not unanimous consensus that sharing should occur in order to advance the field of medical information systems. We accepted an initial version of a working document for the representation of Medical Logic Modules (MLM's), appointed leaders for subcommittees to address the issues which had surfaced and settled upon an approach for dealing with the legal and financial aspects of the sharing process.

  2. The Relationship of Science Knowledge, Attitude and Decision Making on Socio-Scientific Issues: The Case Study of Students' Debates on a Nuclear Power Plant in Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jho, Hunkoog; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung; Kim, Mijung

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of students' understanding of science knowledge, attitude and decision making on socio-scientific issues (SSI), especially on the issues of nuclear energy in Korea. SSI-focused instructions were developed to encourage students to understand and reflect on knowledge, attitude and…

  3. Translating PrEP effectiveness into public health impact: key considerations for decision-makers on cost-effectiveness, price, regulatory issues, distributive justice and advocacy for access

    PubMed Central

    Hankins, Catherine; Macklin, Ruth; Warren, Mitchell

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The extraordinary feat of proving the effectiveness of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in clinical trials in different populations in a variety of settings may prove to have been easier than ensuring it is used well. Decision-makers must make difficult choices to realize the promise of antiretroviral prophylaxis for their countries. This paper outlines key economic, regulatory and distributive justice issues that must be addressed for effective and acceptable PrEP implementation. Discussion In considering the role that PrEP can play in combination prevention programmes, decision-makers must determine who can benefit most from PrEP, how PrEP can be provided safely and efficiently, and what kind of health system support will ensure successful implementation. To do this, they need contextualized information on disease burden by population, analyses of how PrEP services might best be delivered, and projections of the human resource and infrastructure requirements for each potential delivery model. There are cost considerations, varying cost-effectiveness results and regulatory challenges. The principles of ethics can inform thorny discussions about who should be prioritized for oral PrEP and how best to introduce it fairly. We describe the cost-effectiveness of PrEP in different populations at higher risk of HIV exposure, its price in low- and middle-income countries, and the current regulatory situation. We explore the principles of ethics that can inform resource allocation decision-making about PrEP anchored in distributive justice, at a time when universal access to antiretroviral treatment remains to be assured. We then highlight the role of advocacy in moving the PrEP agenda forward. Conclusions The time is ripe now for decisions about whether, how and for whom PrEP should be introduced into a country's HIV response. It has the potential to contribute significantly to high impact HIV prevention if it is tailored to those who can most benefit

  4. Using new approaches to environmental decision-making: An application of integrated assessment methods to water resource issues in the binational Lower Rio Grande basin

    SciTech Connect

    Mathis, M.L.

    1999-12-31

    This article examines a unique application of integrated assessment methodologies to analyze water scarcity, development and the environment in the semi-arid Lower Rio Grande/Rio Bravo watershed. US and Mexican data are analyzed to produce an integrated baseline report of current socio-economic, ecological, water supply and demand, water quality, and management conditions and trends. The baseline report provides the basis for subsequent analysis of alternative future scenarios for the region. Scenarios are developed by combining demographic projections with alternatives for future water availability, irrigation technologies, and management practices. The integrated assessment methodology is evaluated as a general tool for environmental decision-making. Problems encountered in applying the methodology are discussed, as are possibilities for improvements. The article concludes that, despite inherent difficulties, integrated assessments can provide a powerful framework by which to analyze complex environmental issues involving different disciplines and large amounts of information.

  5. Economic issues involved in integrating genomic testing into clinical care: the case of genomic testing to guide decision-making about chemotherapy for breast cancer patients.

    PubMed

    Marino, Patricia; Siani, Carole; Bertucci, François; Roche, Henri; Martin, Anne-Laure; Viens, Patrice; Seror, Valérie

    2011-09-01

    The use of taxanes to treat node-positive (N+) breast cancer patients is associated with heterogeneous benefits as well as with morbidity and financial costs. This study aimed to assess the economic impact of using gene expression profiling to guide decision-making about chemotherapy, and to discuss the coverage/reimbursement issues involved. Retrospective data on 246 patients included in a randomised trial (PACS01) were analyzed. Tumours were genotyped using DNA microarrays (189-gene signature), and patients were classified depending on whether or not they were likely to benefit from chemotherapy regimens without taxanes. Standard anthracyclines plus taxane chemotherapy (strategy AT) was compared with the innovative strategy based on genomic testing (GEN). Statistical analyses involved bootstrap methods and sensitivity analyses. The AT and GEN strategies yielded similar 5-year metastasis-free survival rates. In comparison with AT, GEN was cost-effective when genomic testing costs were less than 2,090€. With genomic testing costs higher than 2,919€, AT was cost-effective. Considering a 30% decrease in the price of docetaxel (the patent rights being about to expire), GEN was cost-effective if the cost of genomic testing was in the 0€-1,139€, range; whereas AT was cost-effective if genomic testing costs were higher than 1,891€. The use of gene expression profiling to guide decision-making about chemotherapy for N+ breast cancer patients is potentially cost-effective. Since genomic testing and the drugs targeted in these tests yield greater well-being than the sum of those resulting from separate use, questions arise about how to deal with extra well-being in decision-making about coverage/reimbursement.

  6. An easy test but a hard decision: ethical issues concerning non-invasive prenatal testing for autosomal recessive disorders.

    PubMed

    Skirton, Heather; Goldsmith, Lesley; Chitty, Lyn S

    2015-08-01

    Prenatal testing based on cell-free fetal DNA in maternal serum is now possible for specific monogenic conditions, and studies have shown that the use of non-invasive testing is supported by prospective parents and health professionals. However, some ethical issues have been raised concerning informed consent and paternal rights. The objective of this study was to explore ethical aspects of the use of non-invasive prenatal diagnostic testing for autosomal recessive disorders. We used a qualitative cross-sectional design, based on Thematic Analysis, and recruited 27 individuals of reproductive age who were carriers of one of four conditions: thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis or spinal muscular atrophy. Data were collected via focus groups or interviews. Participants were aware of the potential for such tests to be viewed as routine and suggested that obtaining written consent and allowing time for consideration is needed to facilitate autonomous choice and informed consent. All participants felt that mothers should be able to request such tests, but fathers who declined carrier testing should be made aware that fetal test results may reveal their status. We suggest that a written record of consent for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis should be used as a standard to help reinforce the serious nature of the test results. Where the father's carrier status could be revealed through fetal testing, he should be made aware of this before the results are available. Health professionals should discuss with the pregnant woman the best way to manage unsought information about the father's carrier status to minimise family disruption. PMID:25351779

  7. An easy test but a hard decision: ethical issues concerning non-invasive prenatal testing for autosomal recessive disorders

    PubMed Central

    Skirton, Heather; Goldsmith, Lesley; Chitty, Lyn S

    2015-01-01

    Prenatal testing based on cell-free fetal DNA in maternal serum is now possible for specific monogenic conditions, and studies have shown that the use of non-invasive testing is supported by prospective parents and health professionals. However, some ethical issues have been raised concerning informed consent and paternal rights. The objective of this study was to explore ethical aspects of the use of non-invasive prenatal diagnostic testing for autosomal recessive disorders. We used a qualitative cross-sectional design, based on Thematic Analysis, and recruited 27 individuals of reproductive age who were carriers of one of four conditions: thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis or spinal muscular atrophy. Data were collected via focus groups or interviews. Participants were aware of the potential for such tests to be viewed as routine and suggested that obtaining written consent and allowing time for consideration is needed to facilitate autonomous choice and informed consent. All participants felt that mothers should be able to request such tests, but fathers who declined carrier testing should be made aware that fetal test results may reveal their status. We suggest that a written record of consent for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis should be used as a standard to help reinforce the serious nature of the test results. Where the father's carrier status could be revealed through fetal testing, he should be made aware of this before the results are available. Health professionals should discuss with the pregnant woman the best way to manage unsought information about the father's carrier status to minimise family disruption. PMID:25351779

  8. Colorado Special Education Administrative Decisions: Impartial Hearing Officer Decisions; State Level Review Decisions; Federal Complaint Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

    This volume of Colorado special education administrative decisions contains all Impartial Hearing Officer Decisions, State Level Review Decisions, and Complaint Findings issued since 1988. The full text of each decision or finding is preceded by a case summary which includes a listing of key topics, a statement of the issues, the decision, and…

  9. Autism Spectrum Disorder and New Jersey Administrative Law Decisions: An Analysis of Case Law Involving Public School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcadepone, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to investigate existing New Jersey case law for the special education population classified as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and analyze New Jersey Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) decisions to identify why districts win or lose cases, adding to the limited body of research in New Jersey. In addition, the purpose…

  10. 78 FR 52787 - Kevin Dennis, M.D., Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-26

    ... Carolina and Tennessee via the Internet based on online questionnaires, submissions of unverified medical... Respondent had prescribed controlled substances over the internet to numerous persons who were not Tennessee.... ALJ at 37-38. While there was also evidence that Respondent had issued prescriptions over the...

  11. 78 FR 27431 - Jose G. Zavaleta, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... prior agency order denying a previous application filed by Respondent, see Jose Gonzalo Zavaleta, 76 FR... Respondent waived his right to a hearing. ALJ at 12-13 (citing Robert M. Golden, 65 FR 5663 (2000)). While... Assistant Administrator, DEA Office of Diversion Control, issued an Order to Show Cause to Respondent...

  12. 7 CFR 15f.13 - What is the function of the ALJ and who may communicate with him?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... receives an ex parte communication in violation of this section, the ALJ will place in the written record: (i) All such written communications; (ii) Memoranda stating the substance of all such oral communications; and (iii) All written responses to such communications, and memoranda stating the substance...

  13. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  14. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  15. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  16. 43 CFR 45.46 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 45.46 Section 45.46 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process...

  17. 43 CFR 45.46 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 45.46 Section 45.46 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process...

  18. 43 CFR 45.46 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 45.46 Section 45.46 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process...

  19. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  20. 43 CFR 45.46 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 45.46 Section 45.46 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process...

  1. 43 CFR 45.46 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 45.46 Section 45.46 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior CONDITIONS AND PRESCRIPTIONS IN FERC HYDROPOWER LICENSES Hearing Process...

  2. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  3. 42 CFR 423.2010 - When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may... PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2010 When CMS, the IRE... require, CMS, the IRE, and/or the Part D plan sponsor to participate in any proceedings before the...

  4. 42 CFR 423.2010 - When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may participate in an ALJ hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false When CMS, the IRE, or Part D plan sponsors may... PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2010 When CMS, the IRE... require, CMS, the IRE, and/or the Part D plan sponsor to participate in any proceedings before the...

  5. REVIEW OF DISCUSSIONS ABOUT DECISION SUPPORT ISSUES IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA AT THE NATO CCMS SPECIAL SESSION, AND OVERALL CONCLUSIONS.

    SciTech Connect

    SULLIVAN,T.; VAN VEEN,H.; DAVIDSON,L.; BARDOS,R.P.

    2000-06-01

    Environmental management of contaminated lands is a complex process requiring a wide variety of decisions encompassing different technical, social, and political questions. Decision support for contaminated land management is an emerging field. Currently, a consensus for the best approach for using decision support does not exist. A special session on decision support was conducted at the NATO/CCMS meeting held in Wiesbaden Germany in June 2000. The NATO/CCMS Pilot Study on Remedial Action Technologies For Contaminated Soil and Groundwater Phase 3 is a multi-national forum for the exchange of information on emerging remediation technologies and technology demonstration. The Pilot Study is an activity of NATO Committee on Challenges for Modern Society (Web site: http://www.nato.int/ccms/info.htm). During the special session two guided discussion sessions were conducted and one set of questions to the conference participants was prepared. The discussion sections focused on obtaining information on the uses of decision support tools and the strengths and limitations of these tools. The questionnaire focused on gathering information on the use of decision support in the different countries participating in the meeting. This paper summarizes the findings of this information gathering exercise.

  6. Ethical issues in communication of diagnosis and end-of-life decision-making process in some of the Romanian Roma communities.

    PubMed

    Roman, Gabriel; Enache, Angela; Pârvu, Andrada; Gramma, Rodica; Moisa, Ştefana Maria; Dumitraş, Silvia; Ioan, Beatrice

    2013-08-01

    Medical communication in Western-oriented countries is dominated by concepts of shared decision-making and patient autonomy. In interactions with Roma patients, these behavioral patterns rarely seem to be achieved because the culture and ethnicity have often been shown as barriers in establishing an effective and satisfying doctor-patient relationship. The study aims to explore the Roma's beliefs and experiences related to autonomy and decision-making process in the case of a disease with poor prognosis. Forty-eight Roma people from two Romanian counties participated in semi-structured interviews, conducted by a research team from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi. Participants were recruited among the chronically ill patients and caregivers. The Roma community opposes informing the terminal patients about their condition, the "silence conspiracy" being widely practiced. The family fully undertakes the right of decision making, thus minimizing the patient's autonomy. We identified ethical dilemmas concerning autonomy, lack of patients' real decision-making power, and paternalistic attitudes exerted firstly by the family and, on demand, by the physician. Instead, the Roma patient benefits from a very active support network, being accompanied at the hospital by numerous relatives. The patient's right to make autonomous decisions promoted in the Western countries and stipulated by the Romanian law has diminished value in the Roma community. For the Roma, the understanding of dignity is not simply individual and personal, but it is closely related to their cultural particularities. Ignoring their cultural values could create conflicts between healthcare providers and community.

  7. Great Decisions '82: Impartial Background and Analysis of Eight of the Most Important Foreign Policy Issues Facing the U.S.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L.; And Others

    This study and discussion guide covers eight major U.S. foreign policy issues. It is designed to help high school and college level students and adults understand the complexities of foreign policy issues and to articulate their own informed opinions. Sponsored nationally by the nonpartisan Foreign Policy Association and now in its 28th year, the…

  8. Understanding Differential Organizational Responses to Work/Family Issues: The Role of Beliefs, Attitudes, and Decision-Making Styles of Chief Executive Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eversole, Barbara A. W.; Gloeckner, Gene; Banning, James H.

    2006-01-01

    Differential adoption of work/life programs by organizations was investigated by studying chief executive officers. A grounded theory was developed and differential adoption explained by the way CEOs made decisions. Implications for work/life program managers include suggestions for persuading CEOs to adopt work/family programs. The study adds to…

  9. Critical Issues in Library Management: Organizing for Leadership and Decision-Making. Papers from the Thirty-Fifth Allerton Institute. Occasional Papers, Nos. 198/199.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Bryce L., Ed.; Weech, Terry L., Ed.

    This is a collection of six papers on critical issues in library management presented at the annual Allerton Park Conference (35th, October 24-26, 1993) sponsored by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Graduate School of Library and Information Science. The first paper, "Learning about Leadership: What Works in Modern Organizations"…

  10. Health care M&A advisory alert: Delaware court decision illustrates importance of specialized due diligence on Medicare/Medicaid issues in health care acquisition.

    PubMed

    Vernaglia, Lawrence W; Herman, Dimitry S; Ziegler, Rachel Schneller

    2005-01-01

    Lawyers and clients contemplating a health care transaction must have a strong working knowledge not only of the applicable law, but also of the provider's needs and culture. As illustrated by a recent Delaware court decision, Interim Healthcare, Inc. et al. v. Spherion Corporation, parties engaging in health care provider acquisitions are well advised to select a team of experienced business and legal advisors with specialized knowledge in health care practices that can find and address any suspicious activities before it is too late.

  11. Issues in Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    School administrators need to study and analyze the pros and cons of issues before making decisions. Ultimately, decisions need to be made by administrators as to which philosophies of education to implement in resolving conflicting points of view. More research studies would lead to an increased number of syntheses of the pros and cons of certain…

  12. Bioethical Issues in Family Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brieland, Donald

    1979-01-01

    Contraception and elective abortion are two of the controversial ethical issues with which social workers must deal. Since policies regarding these issues have recently been established by the courts, the author presents a review of the relevant decisions. (Author)

  13. Decisions Concerning Directional Dependence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Eye, Alexander; DeShon, Richard P.

    2012-01-01

    In this rejoinder, von Eye and DeShon discuss the decision strategies proposed in their original article ("Directional Dependence in Developmental Research," this issue), as well as the ones proposed by the authors of the commentary (Pornprasertmanit and Little, "Determining Directional Dependency in Causal Associations," this issue). In addition,…

  14. Great Decisions '86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepli, Nancy L., Ed.

    Designed to initiate discussion of foreign policy decisions, this book contains an analysis of eight foreign policy issues confronting the United States in 1986. Each unit provides the background and guidelines to provide perspective to assist in understanding foreign policy crises. The units included in this issue are: (1) "How Foreign Policy Is…

  15. 33 CFR 1.07-65 - Hearing Officer's decisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... decisions. (a) The Hearing Officer issues a written decision. Any decision to assess a penalty is based upon... Hearing Officer assesses a penalty, the Hearing Officer's decision contains a statement advising the...

  16. 42 CFR 423.2100 - Medicare appeals council review: general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2100 Medicare appeals council review: general. (a) Consistent with § 423.1974, the enrollee may request that the MAC review an ALJ's decision or dismissal. (b) When the MAC reviews an ALJ's written decision, it undertakes a de novo review. (c) The MAC issues a...

  17. Lifeboat Counseling: The Issue of Survival Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowd, E. Thomas; Emener, William G.

    1978-01-01

    Rehabilitation counseling, as a profession, needs to look at future world possibilities, especially in light of overpopulation, and be aware that the need may arise for adjusting basic assumptions about human life--from the belief that every individual has a right to a meaningful life to the notion of selecting who shall live. (DTT)

  18. Regulatory decisions. Emphasis on safety issues.

    PubMed

    Strandberg, K; Wiholm, B E

    1986-01-01

    Effective post-marketing surveillance of drugs calls for an approach tuned to the individual problem. In Sweden, the combined use of spontaneous adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting data and different registers has yielded much valuable information on safety problems with different drugs. However, the raw data must be interpreted with care and often be supplemented by in-depth studies. The advantage with registers is that they comprise the whole or a random sample of the population and that the reporting routines are fairly simple. Since much of the information is collected primarily for other purposes (like health care planning or budgeting) the cost of the information is low. The potential of spontaneous ADR reporting for detecting new rare ADRs is exemplified by the zimeldine case. Limitations of the system besides low and selective reporting are that the physicians must suspect the clinical manifestation to be drug-induced and that patient compliance is unknown. The greatest disadvantage with the patient- and disease-oriented registers is the frequent inaccuracy of the diagnoses and the delay in the appearance of the data. Improved education and more resources for updating the registers are required. The ICD-code should be adapted to the needs of drug monitoring. Since the registers contain sensitive information about individual patients, the confidentiality of the data must be secured. As a logical complement to these sources of information, systems for case control studies, to be adopted ad hoc when problems arise, should be instituted. Moreover, for certain kinds of long term drug reactions, record-linkage systems are probably the only means to disclose risks (e.g. of cancer) after long term drug exposure. In this respect, the computerisation of Swedish pharmacies offers unique possibilities for the retrieval of prescription data on individual patients. PMID:2950292

  19. 42 CFR 8.33 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Written decision. 8.33 Section 8.33 Public Health... Adverse Action Regarding Withdrawal of Approval of an Accreditation Body § 8.33 Written decision. (a) Issuance of decision. The reviewing official shall issue a written decision upholding or denying...

  20. 42 CFR 8.33 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Written decision. 8.33 Section 8.33 Public Health... Adverse Action Regarding Withdrawal of Approval of an Accreditation Body § 8.33 Written decision. (a) Issuance of decision. The reviewing official shall issue a written decision upholding or denying...

  1. 42 CFR 8.33 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Written decision. 8.33 Section 8.33 Public Health... Adverse Action Regarding Withdrawal of Approval of an Accreditation Body § 8.33 Written decision. (a) Issuance of decision. The reviewing official shall issue a written decision upholding or denying...

  2. 42 CFR 8.33 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Written decision. 8.33 Section 8.33 Public Health... Adverse Action Regarding Withdrawal of Approval of an Accreditation Body § 8.33 Written decision. (a) Issuance of decision. The reviewing official shall issue a written decision upholding or denying...

  3. 42 CFR 8.33 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Written decision. 8.33 Section 8.33 Public Health... Adverse Action Regarding Withdrawal of Approval of an Accreditation Body § 8.33 Written decision. (a) Issuance of decision. The reviewing official shall issue a written decision upholding or denying...

  4. 42 CFR 405.1130 - Effect of the MAC's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effect of the MAC's decision. 405.1130 Section 405....1130 Effect of the MAC's decision. The MAC's decision is final and binding on all parties unless a Federal district court issues a decision modifying the MAC's decision or the decision is revised as...

  5. Career toolbox - the decision paper: A tool to facilitate decision-making

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, J.L.; Petersen, T.P.

    1996-11-12

    Guidelines for writing a decision paper are presented. The purpose of the decision paper is to present complex issues in an organized format; it is especially helpful when timeliness is important. The writing style and format of the decision paper are described. The format for a decision paper includes the issue or problem statement, relevant background material, options or alternatives, discussion, recommendation, coordination/endorsement, and record of decision.

  6. Legal briefing: Shared decision making and patient decision aids.

    PubMed

    Pope, Thaddeus Mason; Hexum, Melinda

    2013-01-01

    This "Legal Briefing" column covers recent legal developments involving patient decision aids.This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. It is included in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. And it has received significant attention in the biomedical literature, including a new book, a thematic issue of Health Affairs, and a recent article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Moreover, physicians and health systems across the United States are increasingly integrating decision aids into their clinical practice. Both federal and state laws play a significant role in promoting this expanded use. On the other hand, concerns about liability could stymie development and implementation. We categorize legal developments concerning patient decision aids into the following five sections: 1. Development of decision aids. 2. Effectiveness of decision aids. 3. Federal regulation of decision aids. 4. State regulation of decision aids. 5. Legal concerns regarding decision aids.

  7. Decision Difficulty and Recall of Prose.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Stephen L.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Seven experiments were performed to address three issues: prose decisions of different levels of difficulty, directed attention effect, and the effects of decisions on memorability of prose among relatively good and relatively poor readers. (Author/PN)

  8. Observations on Bakke: History, Issues, Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fierce, Milfred C.

    1978-01-01

    The historic Plessy vs. Ferguson decision is reviewed along with the 14th Amendment on which the decision was based. The Brown case is discussed. The issues and implications in the Bakke case are also elucidated. (Author/AM)

  9. Facilitating Decisions under Scarcity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloomfield, Stefan D.

    1993-01-01

    This article proposes a conceptual decision-making framework for college and university offices of institutional research during times when budgetary retrenchment and reallocation of resources is necessary. Key issues the office should consider include understanding the institution's purpose, strategy selection, evaluation activities, student…

  10. Learning from Failed Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nutt, Paul C.

    2010-01-01

    The consequences and dilemmas posed by learning issues for decision making are discussed. Learning requires both awareness of barriers and a coping strategy. The motives to hold back information essential for learning stem from perverse incentives, obscure outcomes, and the hindsight bias. There is little awareness of perverse incentives that…

  11. Critical Endowment Policy Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapovsky, Lucie

    2007-01-01

    Governing boards and administrations wrestle with complex endowment policy decisions that will determine current institutional quality and future institutional viability. This chapter presents data from the 2006 NACUBO Endowment Study (published in 2007), divided into the following issues of endowment management: historical returns; endowment…

  12. Decisions, Decisions: The Countless Times Instructional Practice and Reality Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miranda, Martina L.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines critical issues related to teacher decision-making in early childhood music classrooms. Through the story of one teacher's experience, we take a closer look at specific criteria to guide decision-making, and strategies to deepen awareness of young children's needs in the music classroom and guide instructional…

  13. 45 CFR 672.13 - Accelerated decision; decision to dismiss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 672.13 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ENFORCEMENT AND HEARING PROCEDURES § 672.13 Accelerated decision; decision to dismiss. (a) General... genuine issue of material fact exists and a party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law regarding...

  14. 42 CFR 423.1980 - Reopenings of coverage determinations, redeterminations, reconsiderations, hearings and reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423... reconsideration; (iii) An ALJ to revise the hearing decision; or (iv) The MAC to revise the hearing or review..., redetermination, reconsideration, hearing, or MAC review, no adjudicator has jurisdiction to reopen an issue...

  15. 15 CFR 25.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...), and (e) of this section, shall reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure or... action under this part commenced by service of a notice of hearing, the ALJ may dismiss the action or may issue an initial decision imposing penalties and assessments. (e) The ALJ may refuse to consider...

  16. 22 CFR 224.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...), (d), and (e) of this section, shall reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure or... action under this part commenced by service of a notice of hearing, the ALJ may dismiss the action or may issue an initial decision imposing penalties and assessments. (e) The ALJ may refuse to consider...

  17. 22 CFR 35.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including but not limited to those listed in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e... action under this part commenced by service of a notice of hearing, the ALJ may dismiss the action or may issue an initial decision imposing penalties and assessments. (e) The ALJ may refuse to consider...

  18. Ethical issues in obstetrics.

    PubMed

    Digiovanni, Laura M

    2010-06-01

    Obstetricians must become comfortable addressing the ethical issues involved in clinical obstetrics and therefore must have an understanding of the key elements of clinical medical ethics. Balancing the principles of medical ethics can guide clinicians toward solutions to ethical dilemmas encountered in the care of pregnant women. The purpose of this article is to review the ethical foundations of clinical practice, recognize the ethical issues obstetricians face every day in caring for patients, and facilitate decision making. This article discusses the relevant ethical principles, identifies unique features of obstetrical ethics, examines ethical principles as they apply to pregnant patient and her fetus, and thereby, provides a conceptual framework for considering ethical issues and facilitating decision making in clinical obstetrics.

  19. Multicultural Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Charrles; Kampfe, Charlene

    This chapter examines issues related to working with diverse populations with addictions. A brief history of multiculturalism and multicultural counseling is presented. Issues particular to the treatment of people with addictions are examined, as well as prevention and assessment issues. Substance abuse issues among people in the gay male and…

  20. [Decision-making in health].

    PubMed

    Tabuteau, Didler

    2008-01-01

    A number of different types of health decisions and choices can be distinguished from a wide range: individual decisions, health policy decisions, health action decisions, regulatory decisions regarding the health system, micro-level health decisions and decisions made outside of the health sector. With regard to health-related matters, decision-making is characterised by the level of uncertainty, the complexity of the health system and its structure, the role of urgency and the obligation to act; however, there is a significant emotional factor in these decisions and the supremacy of the individual in the decision-making process. On the policy side, health-related decision-making poses questions concerning the role of expertise and necessitates the development of public debate. The issue of a better balance between the quest for security and safety and respect for civil liberties and rights should be more and more acute in the future. As for the matter of health financing, namely through social security and insurance, it calls for a re-examination of the economic analysis of health decisions and policy and the development of a more coherent position on the right to health versus the right to universal coverage.

  1. Current Ethical Issues in Aging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubler, Nancy Neveloff, Ed.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Articles in this special issue look at ethical issues in aging in geriatric care, improving care of the dying, the value of autonomy and respect, the role of religion in health-related decisions, protection of nursing facility residents, physician-assisted dying, conflict resolution in nursing homes, and dealing with patients' demands for…

  2. The NCSS Public Issues Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFarland, Mary

    1989-01-01

    Describes programs sponsored by the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) to promote civic participation. The programs are National Issues Forums (NIF) in the Classroom; Jefferson Meetings; Great Decisions; Public Issues Series; and C-SPAN in the Classroom. (SLM)

  3. 13 CFR 134.616 - How will I know if I receive an award?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PROCEDURE GOVERNING CASES BEFORE THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Implementation of the Equal Access to Justice Act § 134.616 How will I know if I receive an award? The ALJ will issue an initial decision on...

  4. Contractual issues for faculty practice.

    PubMed

    Gregg, A C; Williams, M D

    2001-01-01

    Contracts are a common foundation for faculty practice relationships between a college of nursing and other agencies. Although the legal format of a contract is relatively standardized, the process of contracting entails decisions and issues that increase its complexity. Little is available in the faculty practice literature that addresses contracts and contractual issues as a comprehensive whole. This article contains discussions of nursing faculty practice contractual issues such as the elements of a contract as a framework, including competent parties, offer, consideration, and acceptance. Evaluation of contract performance is addressed and alternatives for decision making and problem resolutions are suggested throughout. J Prof Nurs 17:173-179, 2001. PMID:11464338

  5. 47 CFR 76.936 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Written decision. 76.936 Section 76.936... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.936 Written decision. (a) A franchising authority must issue a written decision in a ratemaking proceeding whenever it disapproves an initial rate...

  6. 34 CFR 32.9 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Written decision. 32.9 Section 32.9 Education Office of... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.9 Written decision. (a) The hearing official issues a written decision... the employee has submitted the financial statement and written explanation required under §...

  7. 34 CFR 32.9 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Written decision. 32.9 Section 32.9 Education Office of... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.9 Written decision. (a) The hearing official issues a written decision... the employee has submitted the financial statement and written explanation required under §...

  8. 34 CFR 32.9 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Written decision. 32.9 Section 32.9 Education Office of... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.9 Written decision. (a) The hearing official issues a written decision... the employee has submitted the financial statement and written explanation required under §...

  9. 47 CFR 76.936 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Written decision. 76.936 Section 76.936... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.936 Written decision. (a) A franchising authority must issue a written decision in a ratemaking proceeding whenever it disapproves an initial rate...

  10. 34 CFR 32.9 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Written decision. 32.9 Section 32.9 Education Office of... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.9 Written decision. (a) The hearing official issues a written decision... the employee has submitted the financial statement and written explanation required under §...

  11. 47 CFR 76.936 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Written decision. 76.936 Section 76.936... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.936 Written decision. (a) A franchising authority must issue a written decision in a ratemaking proceeding whenever it disapproves an initial rate...

  12. 47 CFR 76.936 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Written decision. 76.936 Section 76.936... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.936 Written decision. (a) A franchising authority must issue a written decision in a ratemaking proceeding whenever it disapproves an initial rate...

  13. 40 CFR 27.37 - Initial decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Initial decision. 27.37 Section 27.37 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.37 Initial decision. (a) The presiding officer shall issue an initial decision based only on the record....

  14. 38 CFR 41.405 - Management decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Management decision. 41... Entities § 41.405 Management decision. (a) General. The management decision shall clearly state whether or... completed corrective action, a timetable for follow-up should be given. Prior to issuing the...

  15. 38 CFR 41.405 - Management decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Management decision. 41... Entities § 41.405 Management decision. (a) General. The management decision shall clearly state whether or... completed corrective action, a timetable for follow-up should be given. Prior to issuing the...

  16. 38 CFR 41.405 - Management decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Management decision. 41... Entities § 41.405 Management decision. (a) General. The management decision shall clearly state whether or... completed corrective action, a timetable for follow-up should be given. Prior to issuing the...

  17. 38 CFR 41.405 - Management decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Management decision. 41... Entities § 41.405 Management decision. (a) General. The management decision shall clearly state whether or... completed corrective action, a timetable for follow-up should be given. Prior to issuing the...

  18. 47 CFR 76.936 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Written decision. 76.936 Section 76.936... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.936 Written decision. (a) A franchising authority must issue a written decision in a ratemaking proceeding whenever it disapproves an initial rate...

  19. 34 CFR 32.9 - Written decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Written decision. 32.9 Section 32.9 Education Office of... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EMPLOYEES § 32.9 Written decision. (a) The hearing official issues a written decision... the employee has submitted the financial statement and written explanation required under §...

  20. 38 CFR 41.405 - Management decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Management decision. 41... Entities § 41.405 Management decision. (a) General. The management decision shall clearly state whether or... completed corrective action, a timetable for follow-up should be given. Prior to issuing the...