Science.gov

Sample records for alleged unfair immigration-related

  1. 28 CFR 68.15 - Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Intervenor in unfair immigration-related... ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.15 Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases. The Special Counsel, or...

  2. 28 CFR 68.15 - Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Intervenor in unfair immigration-related... ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.15 Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases. The Special Counsel, or...

  3. 28 CFR 68.15 - Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intervenor in unfair immigration-related... ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.15 Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases. The Special Counsel, or...

  4. 28 CFR 68.15 - Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Intervenor in unfair immigration-related... ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.15 Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases. The Special Counsel, or...

  5. 28 CFR 68.15 - Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Intervenor in unfair immigration-related... ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.15 Intervenor in unfair immigration-related employment cases. The Special Counsel, or...

  6. 28 CFR 68.4 - Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Complaints regarding unfair immigration... INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.4 Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)...

  7. 28 CFR 68.4 - Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Complaints regarding unfair immigration... INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.4 Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)...

  8. 28 CFR 68.4 - Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Complaints regarding unfair immigration... INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.4 Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)...

  9. 28 CFR 68.4 - Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Complaints regarding unfair immigration... INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.4 Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)...

  10. 28 CFR 68.4 - Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Complaints regarding unfair immigration... INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.4 Complaints regarding unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)...

  11. 28 CFR 44.200 - Unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unfair immigration-related employment... IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES Prohibited Practices § 44.200 Unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)(1) General. It is unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person or other...

  12. 28 CFR 44.200 - Unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unfair immigration-related employment... IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES Prohibited Practices § 44.200 Unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)(1) General. It is unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person or other...

  13. 28 CFR 44.200 - Unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unfair immigration-related employment... IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES Prohibited Practices § 44.200 Unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)(1) General. It is unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person or other...

  14. 28 CFR 44.200 - Unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Unfair immigration-related employment... IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES Prohibited Practices § 44.200 Unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)(1) General. It is unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person or other...

  15. 28 CFR 44.200 - Unfair immigration-related employment practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Unfair immigration-related employment... IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES Prohibited Practices § 44.200 Unfair immigration-related employment practices. (a)(1) General. It is unfair immigration-related employment practice for a person or other...

  16. 28 CFR 0.53 - Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Office of Special Counsel for Immigration... Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices. (a) The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices shall be headed by a Special Counsel for Immigration Related...

  17. 28 CFR 0.53 - Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Office of Special Counsel for Immigration... Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices. (a) The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices shall be headed by a Special Counsel for Immigration Related...

  18. 28 CFR 0.53 - Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Office of Special Counsel for Immigration... Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices. (a) The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices shall be headed by a Special Counsel for Immigration Related...

  19. 28 CFR 0.53 - Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Office of Special Counsel for Immigration... Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices. (a) The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices shall be headed by a Special Counsel for Immigration Related...

  20. 28 CFR 0.53 - Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Office of Special Counsel for Immigration... Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices. (a) The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices shall be headed by a Special Counsel for Immigration Related...

  1. 28 CFR 16.78 - Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems. 16.78 Section 16.78 Judicial Administration... the Privacy Act § 16.78 Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair...

  2. 28 CFR 16.78 - Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems. 16.78 Section 16.78 Judicial Administration... the Privacy Act § 16.78 Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair...

  3. 28 CFR 16.78 - Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems. 16.78 Section 16.78 Judicial Administration... the Privacy Act § 16.78 Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair...

  4. 28 CFR 16.78 - Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems. 16.78 Section 16.78 Judicial Administration... the Privacy Act § 16.78 Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair...

  5. 28 CFR 16.78 - Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair Employment Practices Systems. 16.78 Section 16.78 Judicial Administration... the Privacy Act § 16.78 Exemption of the Special Counsel for Immigration-Related, Unfair...

  6. Unfair permutations

    PubMed Central

    Prodinger, Helmut; Schneider, Carsten; Wagner, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    We study unfair permutations, which are generated by letting n players draw numbers and assuming that player i draws i times from the unit interval and records her largest value. This model is natural in the context of partitions: the score of the ith player corresponds to the multiplicity of the summand i in a random partition, with the roles of minimum and maximum interchanged. We study the distribution of several parameters, namely the position of player i, the number of inversions, and the number of ascents. To perform some of the heavy computations, we use the computer algebra package Sigma. PMID:27087722

  7. Teachers' Experiences of Unfair Grading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alm, Fredrik; Colnerud, Gunnel

    2015-01-01

    Grading is often perceived as one of a teacher's most difficult tasks. Despite most teachers endeavoring to grade their students as objectively as possible, many students feel that they are subject to unfair grading. The aim of this study is to describe what it is about a teacher's grading that contributes to the perception of unfairness. This…

  8. SOL Tests Create Unfair Pressure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ernst, Katie

    2000-01-01

    A seventh-grader explains why the Virginia Standards of Learning tests unfairly pressure her and her teachers. She wants her free reading time restored and wishes politicians would worry more about students understanding--not just memorizing--facts. She praises teachers who go beyond the SOL. (MLH)

  9. 47 CFR 76.1001 - Unfair practices generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1001 Unfair... shall engage in unfair methods of competition or unfair or deceptive acts or practices, the purpose or...) The phrase “unfair methods of competition or unfair or deceptive acts or practices” as used...

  10. Questions and Answers on Unfair Labor Practices. A Practitioner's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Midwest Center for Public Sector Labor Relations.

    An unfair labor practice is the violation of any right granted employees, unions, or employers by a collective bargaining law. This guide answers common questions about unfair labor practices in public sector labor relations. The booklet is divided into two sections, unfair employer labor practices and unfair union labor practices. The section…

  11. Humanbecoming and practice: fairness-unfairness.

    PubMed

    Hegge, Margaret J

    2012-04-01

    In this column a synthetic definition of fairness-unfairness is followed by a situation study involving an exchange between two undergraduate nursing students and their professor. A series of situations unfolds in which the students encounter a refugee and her family as they enter the American healthcare system. Students share their impressions of fairness-unfairness in this family's experiences. The professor interacts with the students to demonstrate the humanbecoming way of being with persons while bearing witness to the choices made in living out their values.

  12. 16 CFR 444.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 444.2 Section 444.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.2 Unfair credit... is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair act or practice within the meaning...

  13. 16 CFR 444.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 444.2 Section 444.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.2 Unfair credit... is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair act or practice within the meaning...

  14. 16 CFR 444.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 444.2 Section 444.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.2 Unfair credit... is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair act or practice within the meaning...

  15. 16 CFR 444.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 444.2 Section 444.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.2 Unfair credit... is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair act or practice within the meaning...

  16. 16 CFR 444.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 444.2 Section 444.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.2 Unfair credit... is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair act or practice within the meaning...

  17. 12 CFR 706.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 706.3 Section 706.3 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS UNFAIR OR DECEPTIVE ACTS OR PRACTICES § 706.3 Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. (a) Prohibited practices. In connection with the...

  18. Special Report on "Allegations of Conflict of Interest Regarding Licensing of PROTECT by Argonne National Laboratory"

    SciTech Connect

    2009-08-01

    In February 2009, the Office of Inspector General received a letter from Congressman Mark Steven Kirk of Illinois, which included constituent allegations that an exclusive technology licensing agreement by Argonne National Laboratory was tainted by inadequate competition, conflicts of interest, and other improprieties. The technology in question was for the Program for Response Options and Technology Enhancements for Chemical/Biological Terrorism, commonly referred to as PROTECT. Because of the importance of the Department of Energy's technology transfer program, especially as implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act matures, we reviewed selected aspects of the licensing process for PROTECT to determine whether the allegations had merit. In summary, under the facts developed during our review, it was understandable that interested parties concluded that there was a conflict of interest in this matter and that Argonne may have provided the successful licensee with an unfair advantage. In part, this was consistent with aspects of the complaint from Congressman Kirk's constituent.

  19. Assimilation Attitudes Predict Lower Immigration-Related Self-Efficacy among Israeli Immigrant Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatar, Moshe; Ben-Uri, Ina; Horenczyk, Gabriel

    2011-01-01

    This study focuses on self-efficacy among teachers working in culturally diverse educational contexts. We put forward the notion of immigration-related self-efficacy and provide initial support for its relationship with the acculturation attitudes held by immigrant teachers. One hundred thirty-three teachers who immigrated to Israel from the…

  20. Political Socialization and Reactions to Immigration-Related Diversity in Rural America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gimpel, James G.; Lay, J. Celeste

    2008-01-01

    We explore the roots of tolerance for immigration-related diversity from a political socialization perspective. Among rural adolescent respondents, we find that attitudes toward immigrants are surprisingly variable along a number of important dimensions: anticipated socioeconomic status, family longevity in the community, and employment in…

  1. 12 CFR 269.6 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair labor practices. 269.6 Section 269.6 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.6 Unfair labor practices. (a) It shall be an unfair labor practice for a Bank to:...

  2. Effects of Increased Psychiatric Treatment Contact and Acculturation on the Causal Beliefs of Chinese Immigrant Relatives of Individuals with Psychosis

    PubMed Central

    Lo, Graciete; Tu, Ming; Wu, Olivia; Anglin, Deidre; Saw, Anne; Chen, Fang-pei

    2016-01-01

    Encounters with Western psychiatric treatment and acculturation may influence causal beliefs of psychiatric illness endorsed by Chinese immigrant relatives, thus affecting help-seeking. We examined causal beliefs held by forty-six Chinese immigrant relatives and found that greater acculturation was associated with an increased number of causal beliefs. Further, as Western psychiatric treatment and acculturation increased, causal models expanded to incorporate biological/physical causes. However, frequency of Chinese immigrant relatives' endorsing spiritual beliefs did not appear to change with acculturation. Clinicians might thus account for spiritual beliefs in treatment even after acculturation increases and biological causal models proliferate. PMID:27127454

  3. 12 CFR 227.25 - Unfair balance computation method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... under 12 CFR 226.12 or 12 CFR 226.13; or (2) Adjustments to finance charges as a result of the return of... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair balance computation method. 227.25... Practices Rule § 227.25 Unfair balance computation method. (a) General rule. Except as provided in...

  4. 12 CFR 706.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 706.2 Section 706.2 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS UNFAIR OR... receive from a consumer an obligation that: (a) Constitutes or contains a cognovit or confession...

  5. 12 CFR 706.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 706.2 Section 706.2 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS UNFAIR OR... receive from a consumer an obligation that: (a) Constitutes or contains a cognovit or confession...

  6. 12 CFR 706.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Unfair credit practices. 706.2 Section 706.2 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS UNFAIR OR... receive from a consumer an obligation that: (a) Constitutes or contains a cognovit or confession...

  7. 5 CFR 9701.517 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... encourage or discourage membership in any labor organization by discrimination in connection with hiring... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unfair labor practices. 9701.517 Section... RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.517 Unfair labor practices. (a) For...

  8. 12 CFR 269.6 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... discourage membership in any labor organization by discrimination in regard to hire or tenure of employment... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unfair labor practices. 269.6 Section 269.6... POLICY ON LABOR RELATIONS FOR THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS § 269.6 Unfair labor practices. (a) It shall...

  9. 47 CFR 76.1001 - Unfair practices generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1001 Unfair practices generally. (a) Unfair practices generally. No cable operator, satellite cable programming vendor in which a cable operator has an attributable interest, or satellite broadcast programming...

  10. 47 CFR 76.1001 - Unfair practices generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1001 Unfair practices generally. (a) Unfair practices generally. No cable operator, satellite cable programming vendor in which a cable operator has an attributable interest, or satellite broadcast programming...

  11. 47 CFR 76.1001 - Unfair practices generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1001 Unfair practices generally. (a) Unfair practices generally. No cable operator, satellite cable programming vendor in which a cable operator has an attributable interest, or satellite broadcast programming...

  12. 47 CFR 76.1001 - Unfair practices generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1001 Unfair practices generally. (a) Unfair practices generally. No cable operator, satellite cable programming vendor in which a cable operator has an attributable interest, or satellite broadcast programming...

  13. Analysis of the alleged Kyshtym disaster

    SciTech Connect

    Soran, D.M.; Stillman, D.B.

    1982-01-01

    The alleged Kyshtym disaster has been an intriguing intelligence puzzle for almost 25 years. Zhores Medvedev, a Soviet dissident, has written numerous journal articles as well as two books on the subject. He has argued that a vast contaminated area exists east of the city of Kyshtym in the southern Ural Mountains. Further, he has alleged that a nuclear waste disposal accident in 1957 to 1958 caused the contamination. The authors of this report are in partial disagreement with Medvedev's first allegation and in complete disagreement with his second. A contaminated area does exist east of Kyshtym, but Soviet carelessness coupled with general disregard for the citizenry and the environment are the prime causative factors, not a nuclear waste accident.

  14. Clinician Responses to Sexual Abuse Allegations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Helene; Nuttall, Ronald

    1993-01-01

    A survey of 656 social workers, pediatricians, psychiatrists, and psychologists rated the credibility of vignettes alleging child sexual abuse. Seven case factors affected credibility: perpetrator's race, relationship to victim, and history of substance abuse; and victims' race, affect, age, and behavioral changes. Several clinician factors were…

  15. 42 CFR 93.201 - Allegation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Allegation. 93.201 Section 93.201 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  16. 42 CFR 93.201 - Allegation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Allegation. 93.201 Section 93.201 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  17. 42 CFR 93.201 - Allegation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allegation. 93.201 Section 93.201 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  18. 42 CFR 93.201 - Allegation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Allegation. 93.201 Section 93.201 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON...

  19. Nonlocal correlations: Fair and unfair strategies in Bayesian games

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, Arup; Mukherjee, Amit; Guha, Tamal; Ghosh, Sibasish; Bhattacharya, Some Sankar; Banik, Manik

    2016-09-01

    An interesting connection has been established between two apparently unrelated concepts, namely, quantum nonlocality and Bayesian game theory. It has been shown that nonlocal correlations in the form of advice can outperform classical equilibrium strategies in common-interest Bayesian games and also in conflicting-interest Bayesian games. Classical equilibrium strategies can be of two types, fair and unfair. Whereas in fair equilibrium payoffs of different players are equal, in the unfair case they differ. An advantage of nonlocal correlation has been demonstrated over fair strategies only. We show that quantum strategies can outperform even the unfair classical equilibrium strategies. For this purpose we consider a class of two-player Bayesian games. It becomes that such games can have only fair equilibria, both fair and unfair equilibria, or only unfair ones. We provide a simple analytic method to characterize the nonlocal correlations that are advantageous over the classical equilibrium strategies in these games. We also show that quantum advice provides a better social optimality solution (a relevant notion of equilibrium for the unfair case) over the classical one.

  20. Infants Associate Praise and Admonishment with Fair and Unfair Individuals

    PubMed Central

    DesChamps, Trent D.; Eason, Arianne E.; Sommerville, Jessica A.

    2016-01-01

    Recent evidence suggests that infants possess a rudimentary sensitivity to fairness: infants expect resources to be distributed fairly and equally, and prefer individuals that distribute resources fairly over those that do so unfairly. The goal of the present work was to determine whether infants' evaluations of fair and unfair individuals also includes an understanding that fair individuals are worthy of praise and unfair individuals are worthy of admonishment. After watching individuals distribute goods fairly or unfairly to recipients, 15-month-old (Experiments 1 and 2) and 13-month-old (Experiment 3) infants took part in a test phase in which they saw only the distributors' faces accompanied by praise or admonishment. Across all experiments, infants differentially shifted their visual attention to images of the fair and unfair distributors as a function of the accompanying praise or admonishment, although the direction in which they did so varied by age. Thus, by the start of the second year of life, infants appear to perceive fair individuals as morally praiseworthy and unfair individuals as morally blameworthy. PMID:27570495

  1. Unfair offers, unfair offenders? Fairness considerations in incarcerated individuals with and without psychopathy

    PubMed Central

    Radke, Sina; Brazil, Inti A.; Scheper, Inge; Bulten, Berend H.; de Bruijn, Ellen R. A.

    2013-01-01

    Offenders with psychopathy have often committed crimes violating social norms, which may suggest a biased moral reasoning in psychopathy. Yet, as findings on utilitarian decisions remain conflicting, the current study investigated different aspects of fairness considerations in offenders with psychopathy, offenders without psychopathy and healthy individuals (N = 18/14/18, respectively). Unfair offers in a modified Ultimatum Game (UG) were paired with different unselected alternatives, thereby establishing the context of a proposal, and made under opposing intentionality constraints (intentional vs. unintentional). As in previous studies, unfair offers were most often rejected when the alternative was fair and when the offer was made intentionally. Importantly, however, offenders with psychopathy demonstrated a similar rejection pattern to that of healthy individuals, i.e., taking the unselected alternative into account. In contrast, delinquents without psychopathy did not adjust their decision behavior to the alternatives to an offer, suggesting stronger impairments in social decision-making. Crucially, the mechanisms and processes underlying rejection decisions might differ, particularly with regard to cognitive vs. emotional competencies. While preserved cognitive perspective-taking could drive seemingly intact decision patterns in psychopathy, emotional empathy is likely to be compromised. PMID:23898257

  2. Alleged lethal sorcery in East Timor.

    PubMed

    Pollanen, Michael S

    2004-01-01

    A wide range of cultural and social perspectives exists on the concept of sudden and unexpected death. In countries, without a formal system of death investigation, sudden death is shrouded in mysticism often based on traditional belief systems. This cultural perspective on sudden death is often at variance with medical and forensic concepts and may include explanations such as sorcery, magic, and voodoo. In this case report, the postmortem findings in an alleged victim of lethal 'black magic', known as ema halo by the indigenous people of East Timor, is described. The alleged victim died suddenly in front of witnesses. At autopsy, marked dilation of a bicuspid aortic valve with annuloaortic ectasia and a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm was found after exhumation of the body. The findings mitigated the local belief in witchcraft and established a natural manner of death.

  3. Alleged biological father incest: a forensic approach.

    PubMed

    Gomes, Vânia; Jardim, Patrícia; Taveira, Francisco; Dinis-Oliveira, Ricardo J; Magalhães, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Paternal incest is one of the most serious forms of intrafamilial sexual abuse with clinical, social, and legal relevance. A retrospective study was performed, based on forensic reports and judicial decisions of alleged cases of biological paternal incest of victims under 18 years old (n = 215) from 2003 to 2008. Results highlight that in a relevant number of cases: victims were female; the abuse begun at an early age with reiteration; the alleged perpetrator presented a history of sexual crimes against children; sexual practices were physically poorly intrusive, which associated with a forensic medical evaluation performed more than 72 h after the abuse, explain partially the absence of physical injuries or other evidence-these last aspects are different from extrafamilial cases. In conclusion, observations about paternal incest are likely to exacerbate the psychosocial consequences of the abuse and may explain the difficulty and delay in detect and disclose these cases. Few cases were legally prosecuted and convicted.

  4. 12 CFR 227.13 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Unfair credit contract provisions. 227.13 Section 227.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL... following provisions: (a) Confession of judgment. A cognovit or confession of judgment (for purposes...

  5. 12 CFR 227.13 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Unfair credit contract provisions. 227.13 Section 227.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL... bank, any of the following provisions: (a) Confession of judgment. A cognovit or confession of...

  6. 12 CFR 227.13 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Unfair credit contract provisions. 227.13 Section 227.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL... bank, any of the following provisions: (a) Confession of judgment. A cognovit or confession of...

  7. Study highlights link between unfairness and staff sickness.

    PubMed

    Moore, Alison

    2016-06-22

    No one wants to feel they are unfairly treated at work - whether it is a suspicion that other people are promoted above them without reason, that they get more than their fair share of unpopular shifts, their views are not listened to or they receive no explanation about why things are happening.

  8. 16 CFR 444.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 444.3 Section 444.3 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT... consumers in or affecting commerce, as commerce is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is: (1)...

  9. 16 CFR 444.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 444.3 Section 444.3 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT... consumers in or affecting commerce, as commerce is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is: (1)...

  10. 16 CFR 444.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 444.3 Section 444.3 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT... consumers in or affecting commerce, as commerce is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is: (1)...

  11. 16 CFR 444.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 444.3 Section 444.3 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT... consumers in or affecting commerce, as commerce is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is: (1)...

  12. 16 CFR 444.3 - Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices. 444.3 Section 444.3 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT... consumers in or affecting commerce, as commerce is defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it is: (1)...

  13. 16 CFR 424.1 - Unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 424.1... ADVERTISING AND MARKETING PRACTICES § 424.1 Unfair or deceptive acts or practices. In connection with the sale..., 15 U.S.C. 44, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice in violation of section 5(a)(1) of...

  14. Assessing historical abuse allegations and damages.

    PubMed

    Wolfe, David A; Jaffe, Peter G; Leschied, Alan W; Legate, Barbara L

    2010-03-01

    Practitioners may be called upon to assess adults who have alleged child abuse as a minor and are seeking reparations. Such assessments may be used by the courts to determine harm and assess damages related to their claim or testimony. Our clinical/research team has conducted many such evaluations and reported the findings pertaining to the psychological harm stemming from historical abuse in published studies. We use the opportunity provided by this new section on Practical Strategies to describe the role of the assessor, and to provide details concerning our methods for preparing these assessments and reporting the findings for the purpose of civil or criminal actions. Specific recommendations for wording of written reports are provided.

  15. Testing alleged mediumship: methods and results.

    PubMed

    O'keeffe, Ciarán; Wiseman, Richard

    2005-05-01

    Mediums claim to be able to communicate with the deceased. Such claims attract a considerable amount of public interest and, if valid, have important implications for many areas of psychology. For over 100 years, researchers have tested alleged mediums. This work has obtained mixed results and provoked a considerable amount of methodological debate. This paper reviews the key issues in this debate, describes how the authors devised a method of testing that aimed to prevent the many problems that have hindered past research, and how they then used this method to test several professional mediums. The results of this work did not support the existence of genuine mediumistic ability. Competing interpretations of these results are discussed, along with ways in which the methodology presented in the paper could be used to assess conceptually similar, but non-paranormal, claims made in clinical, occupational and forensic contexts.

  16. Perceived Unfair Treatment and Problem Drinking among U.S. Navy Careerists

    PubMed Central

    Moore, Roland S.; Cunradi, Carol B.; Duke, Michael R.; Galvin, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    This mixed method paper assessed interrelationships of unfair treatment at work, stress, and problem drinking amongst a sample of U.S. Navy careerists. Survey data from current drinkers (n=2380) were analyzed, along with qualitative interviews from a quota sample of 81. More women than men (51.4% vs. 16.2%) reported gender unfair treatment; approximately 20% of respondents reported ethnic/racial unfair treatment. Unfair treatment was associated with likelihood of problem drinking, but associations were attenuated after adjusting for frequency of work problems and expecting alcohol to alleviate stress. Qualitative results revealed contexts of unfair treatment within bureaucratic structures, tradition, norms, and role modeling. PMID:24729946

  17. More on the alleged 1970 geomagnetic jerk

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Alldredge, L.R.

    1985-01-01

    French and United Kingdom workers have published reports describing a sudden change in the secular acceleration, called an impulse or a jerk, which took place around 1970. They claim that this change took place in a period of a year or two and that the sources of the alleged jerk are internal. An earlier paper by this author questioned their method of analysis pointing out that their method of piecemeal fitting of parabolas to the data will always create a discontinuity in the secular acceleration where the parabolas join and that the place where the parabolas join is an a priori assumption and not a result of the analysis. This paper gives a very brief summary of this first paper and then adds additional reasons for questioning the allegation that there was a worldwide sudden jerk in the magnetic field of internal origin around 1970. These new reasons are based largely on new field models which give cubic approximations of the field right through the 1970 timeframe and therefore have no discontinuities in the second derivative (jerk) around 1970. Some recent Japanese work shows several sudden changes in the secular variation pattern which cover limited areas and do not seem to be closely related to each other or to the irregularity noted in the European area near 1970. The secular variation picture which seems to be emerging is one with many local or limited-regional secular variation changes which appear to be almost unrelated to each other in time or space. A worldwide spherical harmonic model including coefficients up to degree 13 could never properly depict such a situation. ?? 1985.

  18. Power Heightens Sensitivity to Unfairness Against the Self.

    PubMed

    Sawaoka, Takuya; Hughes, Brent L; Ambady, Nalini

    2015-08-01

    Power is accompanied by a sense of entitlement, which shapes reactions to self-relevant injustices. We propose that powerful people more strongly expect to be treated fairly and are faster to perceive unjust treatment that violates these expectations. After preliminary data demonstrated that power leads people to expect fair outcomes for themselves, we conducted four experiments. Participants primed with high (vs. low) power were faster to identify violations of distributive justice in which they were victims (Study 1). This effect was specific to self-relevant injustices (Study 2) and generalized to violations of interpersonal justice (Study 3). Finally, participants primed with high power were more likely to take action against unfair treatment (Study 4). These findings suggest a process by which hierarchies may be maintained: Whereas the powerless are comparatively less sensitive to unfair treatment, the powerful may retain their social standing by quickly perceiving and responding to self-relevant injustices.

  19. Fair and unfair punishers coexist in the Ultimatum Game

    PubMed Central

    Brañas-Garza, Pablo; Espín, Antonio M.; Exadaktylos, Filippos; Herrmann, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    In the Ultimatum Game, a proposer suggests how to split a sum of money with a responder. If the responder rejects the proposal, both players get nothing. Rejection of unfair offers is regarded as a form of punishment implemented by fair-minded individuals, who are willing to impose the cooperation norm at a personal cost. However, recent research using other experimental frameworks has observed non-negligible levels of antisocial punishment by competitive, spiteful individuals, which can eventually undermine cooperation. Using two large-scale experiments, this note explores the nature of Ultimatum Game punishers by analyzing their behavior in a Dictator Game. In both studies, the coexistence of two entirely different sub-populations is confirmed: prosocial punishers on the one hand, who behave fairly as dictators, and spiteful (antisocial) punishers on the other, who are totally unfair. The finding has important implications regarding the evolution of cooperation and the behavioral underpinnings of stable social systems. PMID:25113502

  20. Fair and unfair punishers coexist in the Ultimatum Game.

    PubMed

    Brañas-Garza, Pablo; Espín, Antonio M; Exadaktylos, Filippos; Herrmann, Benedikt

    2014-08-12

    In the Ultimatum Game, a proposer suggests how to split a sum of money with a responder. If the responder rejects the proposal, both players get nothing. Rejection of unfair offers is regarded as a form of punishment implemented by fair-minded individuals, who are willing to impose the cooperation norm at a personal cost. However, recent research using other experimental frameworks has observed non-negligible levels of antisocial punishment by competitive, spiteful individuals, which can eventually undermine cooperation. Using two large-scale experiments, this note explores the nature of Ultimatum Game punishers by analyzing their behavior in a Dictator Game. In both studies, the coexistence of two entirely different sub-populations is confirmed: prosocial punishers on the one hand, who behave fairly as dictators, and spiteful (antisocial) punishers on the other, who are totally unfair. The finding has important implications regarding the evolution of cooperation and the behavioral underpinnings of stable social systems.

  1. Fair and unfair punishers coexist in the Ultimatum Game.

    PubMed

    Brañas-Garza, Pablo; Espín, Antonio M; Exadaktylos, Filippos; Herrmann, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    In the Ultimatum Game, a proposer suggests how to split a sum of money with a responder. If the responder rejects the proposal, both players get nothing. Rejection of unfair offers is regarded as a form of punishment implemented by fair-minded individuals, who are willing to impose the cooperation norm at a personal cost. However, recent research using other experimental frameworks has observed non-negligible levels of antisocial punishment by competitive, spiteful individuals, which can eventually undermine cooperation. Using two large-scale experiments, this note explores the nature of Ultimatum Game punishers by analyzing their behavior in a Dictator Game. In both studies, the coexistence of two entirely different sub-populations is confirmed: prosocial punishers on the one hand, who behave fairly as dictators, and spiteful (antisocial) punishers on the other, who are totally unfair. The finding has important implications regarding the evolution of cooperation and the behavioral underpinnings of stable social systems. PMID:25113502

  2. 42 CFR 405.1861 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 405.1861... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1861 Oral argument and written allegations. The parties, upon their request, shall be allowed a reasonable time for the presentation of oral argument or for the filing of briefs...

  3. 42 CFR 405.1861 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 405.1861... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1861 Oral argument and written allegations. The parties, upon their request, shall be allowed a reasonable time for the presentation of oral argument or for the filing of briefs...

  4. 42 CFR 405.1861 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 405.1861... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1861 Oral argument and written allegations. The parties, upon their request, shall be allowed a reasonable time for the presentation of oral argument or for the filing of briefs...

  5. 42 CFR 405.1861 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 405.1861... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1861 Oral argument and written allegations. The parties, upon their request, shall be allowed a reasonable time for the presentation of oral argument or for the filing of briefs...

  6. 42 CFR 405.1861 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 405.1861... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1861 Oral argument and written allegations. The parties, upon their request, shall be allowed a reasonable time for the presentation of oral argument or for the filing of briefs...

  7. 37 CFR 2.76 - Amendment to allege use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.76 Amendment to allege use. (a) An application under section 1(b) of the Act may be amended to allege use of the mark in commerce... authorized to sign on behalf of the applicant (see § 2.193(e)(1)) that: (i) The applicant believes it is...

  8. 37 CFR 2.76 - Amendment to allege use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES Amendment of Application § 2.76 Amendment to allege use. (a) An application under section 1(b) of the Act may be amended to allege use of the mark in commerce... authorized to sign on behalf of the applicant (see § 2.193(e)(1)) that: (i) The applicant believes it is...

  9. 28 CFR 115.368 - Post-allegation protective custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Post-allegation protective custody. 115.368 Section 115.368 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION... § 115.368 Post-allegation protective custody. Any use of segregated housing to protect a resident who...

  10. 28 CFR 115.368 - Post-allegation protective custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Post-allegation protective custody. 115.368 Section 115.368 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION... § 115.368 Post-allegation protective custody. Any use of segregated housing to protect a resident who...

  11. Low social status decreases the neural salience of unfairness

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Jie; Cao, Yuan; Blue, Philip R.; Zhou, Xiaolin

    2014-01-01

    Social hierarchy exists in almost all social species and affects everything from resource allocation to the development of intelligence. Previous studies showed that status within a social hierarchy influences the perceived fairness of income allocation. However, the effect of one’s social status on economic decisions is far from clear, as are the neural processes underlying these decisions. In this study, we dynamically manipulated participants’ social status and analyzed their behavior as recipients in the ultimatum game (UG), during which event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded. Behavioral results showed that acceptance rates for offers increased with the fairness level of offers. Importantly, participants were less likely to accept unfair offers when they were endowed with high status than with low status. In addition, cues indicating low status elicited a more positive P2 than cues indicating high status in an earlier time window (170–240 ms), and cues indicating high status elicited a more negative N400 than cues indicating low status in a later time window (350–520 ms). During the actual reception of offers, the late positivity potential (LPP, 400–700 ms) for unfair offers was more positive in the high status condition than in the low status condition, suggesting a decreased arousal for unfair offers during low status. These findings suggest a strong role of social status in modulating individual behavioral and neural responses to fairness. PMID:25477798

  12. 77 FR 14490 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Alleged Crimes By or Against Contractor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-12

    ... Regulation Supplement: Alleged Crimes By or Against Contractor Personnel (DFARS Case 2012-D006) AGENCY... coverage on contractor requirements and responsibilities relating to alleged crimes by or against... contractor requirements and responsibilities regarding alleged crimes by or against contractor personnel....

  13. Unfairness of certain events in the Olympic games.

    PubMed

    Khosla, T

    1968-10-12

    Boxing, weight-lifting, wrestling, and judo are graded events in that opponents are matched by weight. If protection were to be denied by removing this restriction such sports would overwhelmingly favour the heavyweights. Data on Olympic winners show that many running and jumping events are seriously biased in favour of the very tall. It is suggested that the rules of these events should be revised to include a grading by height. This would remedy an element of unfairness in many athletic contests, beginning at school. PMID:5696539

  14. 28 CFR 68.10 - Motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.10 Motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon...

  15. 28 CFR 68.34 - Legal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Legal assistance. 68.34 Section 68.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED...

  16. 40 CFR 717.10 - Allegations subject to this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... REACTIONS TO HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT General Provisions § 717.10 Allegations subject to this part. (a... writing and signed. (2) Implicate a substance that caused the stated significant adverse reaction by...

  17. 40 CFR 717.10 - Allegations subject to this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... REACTIONS TO HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT General Provisions § 717.10 Allegations subject to this part. (a... writing and signed. (2) Implicate a substance that caused the stated significant adverse reaction by...

  18. 40 CFR 717.10 - Allegations subject to this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... REACTIONS TO HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT General Provisions § 717.10 Allegations subject to this part. (a... writing and signed. (2) Implicate a substance that caused the stated significant adverse reaction by...

  19. 40 CFR 717.10 - Allegations subject to this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... REACTIONS TO HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT General Provisions § 717.10 Allegations subject to this part. (a... writing and signed. (2) Implicate a substance that caused the stated significant adverse reaction by...

  20. 40 CFR 717.10 - Allegations subject to this part.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... REACTIONS TO HEALTH OR THE ENVIRONMENT General Provisions § 717.10 Allegations subject to this part. (a... writing and signed. (2) Implicate a substance that caused the stated significant adverse reaction by...

  1. 22 CFR 92.27 - Affiant's allegations in affidavit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Notarizing officers are not required to examine into the truth of the affiant's allegations or to pass upon... may, in certain circumstances, refuse to take an affidavit. (See § 92.9 regarding the types...

  2. The effects of domestic violence allegations on custody evaluators' recommendations.

    PubMed

    Hans, Jason D; Hardesty, Jennifer L; Haselschwerdt, Megan L; Frey, Laura M

    2014-12-01

    Judges and attorneys often request professional assessments from child custody evaluators when allegations of adult domestic violence (DV) have been made, but it is unclear whether and how evaluators' recommendations are impacted by these allegations. Custody evaluators (N = 607) in the United States responded to a multiple-segment factorial vignette designed to examine the effects of 2 key factors in DV allegations: type of alleged violence (conflict-based, control-based) and counterallegations (none, mutual, and female-initiated). Effects of control- versus conflict-based DV allegations by the mother on custody recommendations were small and the majority of evaluators recommended joint custody regardless of violence type. Reported confidence in making a recommendation increased once the father responded to the allegation, but to a smaller degree when a counterallegation of mutual or female-initiated violence was made. Evaluators were no more skeptical about the potential motive of a counterallegation in the context of controlling behavior than in the context of conflict-based behavior. Overall, results indicate that most custody evaluators are not sufficiently sensitized to distinguish between situational couple violence and coercive controlling behavior, and the postseparation safety of mothers and their children may therefore be jeopardized.

  3. 16 CFR 423.5 - Unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... TEXTILE WEARING APPAREL AND CERTAIN PIECE GOODS AS AMENDED § 423.5 Unfair or deceptive acts or practices. (a) Textile wearing apparel and certain piece goods. In connection with the sale, in or affecting commerce, of textile wearing apparel and certain piece goods, it is an unfair or deceptive act or...

  4. Generalized Negative Reciprocity in the Dictator Game--How to Interrupt the Chain of Unfairness.

    PubMed

    Strang, Sabrina; Grote, Xenia; Kuss, Katarina; Park, Soyoung Q; Weber, Bernd

    2016-01-01

    Humans are tremendously sensitive to unfairness. Unfairness provokes strong negative emotional reactions and influences our subsequent decision making. These decisions might not only have consequences for ourselves and the person who treated us unfairly but can even transmit to innocent third persons--a phenomenon that has been referred to as generalized negative reciprocity. In this study we aimed to investigate whether regulation of emotions can interrupt this chain of unfairness. Real allocations in a dictator game were used to create unfair situations. Three different regulation strategies, namely writing a message to the dictator who made an unfair offer, either forwarded or not forwarded, describing a neutral picture and a control condition in which subjects just had to wait for three minutes, were then tested on their ability to influence the elicited emotions. Subsequently participants were asked to allocate money between themselves and a third person. We show that writing a message which is forwarded to the unfair actor is an effective emotion regulation strategy and that those participants who regulated their emotions successfully by writing a message made higher allocations to a third person. Thus, using message writing as an emotion regulation strategy can interrupt the chain of unfairness. PMID:26924557

  5. Generalized Negative Reciprocity in the Dictator Game – How to Interrupt the Chain of Unfairness

    PubMed Central

    Strang, Sabrina; Grote, Xenia; Kuss, Katarina; Park, Soyoung Q.; Weber, Bernd

    2016-01-01

    Humans are tremendously sensitive to unfairness. Unfairness provokes strong negative emotional reactions and influences our subsequent decision making. These decisions might not only have consequences for ourselves and the person who treated us unfairly but can even transmit to innocent third persons – a phenomenon that has been referred to as generalized negative reciprocity. In this study we aimed to investigate whether regulation of emotions can interrupt this chain of unfairness. Real allocations in a dictator game were used to create unfair situations. Three different regulation strategies, namely writing a message to the dictator who made an unfair offer, either forwarded or not forwarded, describing a neutral picture and a control condition in which subjects just had to wait for three minutes, were then tested on their ability to influence the elicited emotions. Subsequently participants were asked to allocate money between themselves and a third person. We show that writing a message which is forwarded to the unfair actor is an effective emotion regulation strategy and that those participants who regulated their emotions successfully by writing a message made higher allocations to a third person. Thus, using message writing as an emotion regulation strategy can interrupt the chain of unfairness. PMID:26924557

  6. Violent Behavior and Unfairness in School: Multilevel Analysis of Italian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vieno, Alessio; Gini, Gianluca; Santinello, Massimo; Lenzi, Michela; Nation, Maury

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the role of school unfairness in predicting violent behavior among Italian early adolescents. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the relations between individual (demographics, psychosocial and relational characteristics, and perception of procedural and relational school unfairness), and class characteristics…

  7. Generalized Negative Reciprocity in the Dictator Game--How to Interrupt the Chain of Unfairness.

    PubMed

    Strang, Sabrina; Grote, Xenia; Kuss, Katarina; Park, Soyoung Q; Weber, Bernd

    2016-01-01

    Humans are tremendously sensitive to unfairness. Unfairness provokes strong negative emotional reactions and influences our subsequent decision making. These decisions might not only have consequences for ourselves and the person who treated us unfairly but can even transmit to innocent third persons--a phenomenon that has been referred to as generalized negative reciprocity. In this study we aimed to investigate whether regulation of emotions can interrupt this chain of unfairness. Real allocations in a dictator game were used to create unfair situations. Three different regulation strategies, namely writing a message to the dictator who made an unfair offer, either forwarded or not forwarded, describing a neutral picture and a control condition in which subjects just had to wait for three minutes, were then tested on their ability to influence the elicited emotions. Subsequently participants were asked to allocate money between themselves and a third person. We show that writing a message which is forwarded to the unfair actor is an effective emotion regulation strategy and that those participants who regulated their emotions successfully by writing a message made higher allocations to a third person. Thus, using message writing as an emotion regulation strategy can interrupt the chain of unfairness.

  8. On the relationship between emotional state and abnormal unfairness sensitivity in alcohol dependence

    PubMed Central

    Brevers, Damien; Noël, Xavier; Hanak, Catherine; Verbanck, Paul; Kornreich, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Recent empirical findings suggest that alcohol dependence is characterized by heightened sensitivity to unfairness during social transactions. The present study went a step further and aimed to ascertain whether this abnormal level of sensitivity to unfairness is underlined by an increased emotional reactivity. Twenty-six recently abstinent alcohol-dependent (AD) individuals and 32 controls performed an ultimatum game (UG), in which participants had to respond to take-it-or-leave-it offers, ranging from fair to unfair and made by a fictive proposer. Emotional state was recorded during UG offers presentation and was indexed by the amplitude of skin conductance response (SCR). Results showed that AD decided to reject unfair offers more frequently than their controls, confirming previous data. The proportion of rejected unfair UG offers was correlated with SCR, in the AD but not in the control group. This finding suggests that deciding to accept or reject unfair UG offers is influenced by arousal-affective activity in AD, but not in controls. Heightened emotional reactivity may have driven AD to punish the proposer rather than acting as a rational economic agent. An implication of present findings is that AD might have difficult to cope with unfair situations triggered by social interactions. Future studies are needed in order to examine whether—emotional and behavioral—reactivity to unfairness during the UG could impact alcohol consumption and relapse in AD. PMID:26217293

  9. 29 CFR 101.2 - Initiation of unfair labor practice cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. 101.2 Section 101.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases §...

  10. 29 CFR 101.2 - Initiation of unfair labor practice cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. 101.2 Section 101.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases §...

  11. 29 CFR 101.2 - Initiation of unfair labor practice cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. 101.2 Section 101.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases §...

  12. 29 CFR 101.2 - Initiation of unfair labor practice cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. 101.2 Section 101.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES Unfair Labor Practice Cases Under Section 10 (a) to (i) of the Act and Telegraph Merger Act Cases §...

  13. Unfair treatment, discrimination, and ambulatory blood pressure in black and white adolescents.

    PubMed

    Matthews, Karen A; Salomon, Kristen; Kenyon, Karen; Zhou, Fan

    2005-05-01

    The authors tested the hypotheses that unfair treatment and its attribution to race, physical appearance, and peer group were related to elevated ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). During 2 school days, 207 Black and White adolescents wore an ABP monitor and answered questions about mood, posture, location, and activity level at the time of the ABP assessment. At a separate session, in-clinic resting blood pressure and perceptions of unfair treatment were measured. Multilevel mixed models showed that unfair treatment and its attribution to race were not associated with ABP. However, adolescents who indicated that the primary reason for unfair treatment was their physical appearance had elevated ABP. Feeling unfairly treated because of physical appearance may impact blood pressure uniquely during the adolescent transition.

  14. [Credibility of allegations of under age minors regarding sexual abuse].

    PubMed

    Hayez, J Y; Vervier, J F; Charlier, D

    1994-01-01

    When a child under age states he/she has been sexually abused, there seldom exists an objective certainty to support the allegation. Whereas clinicians know that a child who speaks spontaneously probably speaks the truth, it is nonetheless difficult to exclude the possibility of fabulating, lying or mistaking. The error probability is sharply increased when abuse is referred by a parent, specially in a context of parental separation. This article thus presents a review of criteria which help to better assess the truth or error of allegations. Criteria include analysis of the child's talk, application of projective techniques, observation of his/her behavior, etc. The author also describes some differential diagnoses based on the behaviors and sexual allegations of children under age. PMID:7878137

  15. 5 CFR 2423.1 - Resolution of unfair labor practice disputes prior to a Regional Director determination whether...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Resolution of unfair labor practice... FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICE PROCEEDINGS Filing, Investigating, Resolving, and Acting on Charges § 2423.1 Resolution of unfair labor practice disputes prior to a Regional...

  16. Medial prefrontal cortex reacts to unfairness if this damages the self: a tDCS study

    PubMed Central

    Miniussi, Carlo; Rumiati, Raffaella I.

    2015-01-01

    Neural correlates of unfairness perception depend on who is the target of the unfair treatment. These previous findings suggest that the activation of medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) is related to unfairness perception only when the subject of the measurement is also the person affected by the unfair treatment. We aim at demonstrating the specificity of MPFC involvement using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that induces cortical excitability changes in the targeted region. We use a modified version of the Ultimatum Game, in which responders play both for themselves (myself—MS condition) and on behalf of an unknown third-party (TP condition), where they respond to unfairness without being the target of it. We find that the application of cathodal tDCS over MPFC decreases the probability of rejecting unfair offers in MS, but not in TP; conversely, the same stimulation increases the probability of rejecting fair offers in TP, but not in MS. We confirm the hypothesis that MPFC is specifically related to processing unfairness when the self is involved, and discuss possible explanations for the opposite effect of the stimulation in TP. PMID:25552567

  17. 28 CFR 115.68 - Post-allegation protective custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Post-allegation protective custody. 115.68 Section 115.68 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Official Response Following An...

  18. 28 CFR 115.68 - Post-allegation protective custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Post-allegation protective custody. 115.68 Section 115.68 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Official Response Following An...

  19. 28 CFR 115.68 - Post-allegation protective custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Post-allegation protective custody. 115.68 Section 115.68 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Official Response Following An...

  20. 78 FR 43118 - Allegations of Anticompetitive Behavior in Satellite Industry

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... and Operating Rules for Satellite Services, Proposed Rules, 77 FR 67172 (Nov. 8, 2012). c. License... Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed electronically using the Internet by... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 25 Allegations of Anticompetitive Behavior in Satellite Industry AGENCY:...

  1. 32 CFR 516.18 - Litigation alleging individual liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Litigation alleging individual liability. 516.18 Section 516.18 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Reporting Legal Proceedings to HQDA § 516.18 Litigation...

  2. 20 CFR 410.643 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 410.643 Section 410.643 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND... Determinations, Administrative Review, Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.643...

  3. 20 CFR 410.643 - Oral argument and written allegations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Oral argument and written allegations. 410.643 Section 410.643 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND... Determinations, Administrative Review, Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.643...

  4. Filial Dependency and Recantation of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malloy, Lindsay C.; Lyon, Thomas D.; Quas, Jodi A.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Controversy abounds regarding the process by which child sexual abuse victims disclose their experiences, particularly the extent to which and the reasons why some children, once having disclosed abuse, later recant their allegations. This study examined the prevalence and predictors of recantation among 2- to 17-year-old child sexual…

  5. 22 CFR 92.27 - Affiant's allegations in affidavit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Affiant's allegations in affidavit. 92.27 Section 92.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES NOTARIAL AND RELATED... sources of information and grounds of belief should be set out and a good reason given why a...

  6. The Impact of Early Alleged Maltreatment on Behavioral Trajectories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Richard; Tabone, Jiyoung K.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this research was to examine the impact of alleged early child maltreatment (before age 4) on the trajectory patterns of 3 different behavioral outcomes (anxiety/depression, aggression, and attention problems) through age 10. Methods: Two hundred forty-two children and their primary caregivers were assessed as part of a…

  7. 42 CFR 93.402 - ORI allegation assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ORI allegation assessments. 93.402 Section 93.402 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES...

  8. An Abuse Allegation: The Top Ten Expectations for Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordin, Judith

    1998-01-01

    The majority of child-care-center abuse allegations are proven unfounded, but the experience of an investigation can transform a child-care facility. Survey responses of 28 post-investigation facilities in California provide 10 common facets of an investigation and 8 tips for protecting child care centers from accusations. (LBT)

  9. Sexual Abuse Allegations by Children with Neuropsychiatric Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindblad, Frank; Lainpelto, Katrin

    2011-01-01

    All Swedish court cases from 2004 and 2006 concerning alleged child sexual abuse (sexual harassment excluded) were identified through criminal registers. Fourteen cases (one boy) concerned a child with a neuropsychiatric disorder. The diagnostic groups were mental retardation (10 cases), autism (three cases), and ADHD (one case). Psychiatric…

  10. 22 CFR 92.27 - Affiant's allegations in affidavit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... preparation of legal documents by attorneys; § 92.11(b) regarding the preparation of legal documents by... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Affiant's allegations in affidavit. 92.27 Section 92.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES NOTARIAL AND...

  11. 22 CFR 92.27 - Affiant's allegations in affidavit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... preparation of legal documents by attorneys; § 92.11(b) regarding the preparation of legal documents by... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Affiant's allegations in affidavit. 92.27 Section 92.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES NOTARIAL AND...

  12. 22 CFR 92.27 - Affiant's allegations in affidavit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... preparation of legal documents by attorneys; § 92.11(b) regarding the preparation of legal documents by... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Affiant's allegations in affidavit. 92.27 Section 92.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE LEGAL AND RELATED SERVICES NOTARIAL AND...

  13. The Essential Need for Research Misconduct Allegation Audits.

    PubMed

    Loikith, Lisa; Bauchwitz, Robert

    2016-08-01

    Nearly 90 % of allegations of biomedical research misconduct in the United States are dismissed by responsible institutions without any faculty assessment or auditable record. Recently, members of the U.S. Congress have complained that the penalties for those against whom findings of research misconduct are made are too light and that too few grant funds associated with research misconduct have been recovered for use by other researchers and taxpayers. Here we discuss the laws that empower federal agencies that can oversee investigations of biomedical research misconduct: the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG), both located within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Research misconduct investigations pertaining to U.S. physical sciences funded through the National Science Foundation (NSF) are overseen by the NSF's OIG. While OIGs may provide some improvement over the ORI in the handling of research misconduct, we have found that a much more serious flaw exists which undermines an ability to conduct performance audits of the effectiveness by which allegations of research misconduct are handled in the United States. Specifically, sufficient data do not need to be retained by U.S. research institutions funded by HHS or NSF to allow effective audit of why allegations of research misconduct are dismissed before being seen by faculty inquiry or investigative committees. U.S. federal Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS/Yellow Book), if applied to the research misconduct oversight process, would allow a determination of whether the handling of allegations of biomedical research misconduct actually functions adequately, and if not, how it might be improved. In particular, we propose that independent, external peer review under GAGAS audit standards should be instituted without delay in assessing the performance of ORI, or any other similarly tasked federal agency, in handling allegations of

  14. 29 CFR 1626.4 - Information concerning alleged violations of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMISSION PROCEDURES-AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT § 1626.4 Information concerning alleged violations... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information concerning alleged violations of the Act. 1626... 6 and 7 of the Act. The Commission shall also receive information concerning alleged violations...

  15. True and False Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse: Assessment and Case Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ney, Tara, Ed.

    This book addresses the clinical, legal, and ethical issues arising in child sexual abuse cases; the assessment and case management of allegations; research issues; and practice recommendations. Chapter titles are as follows: "Assessing Allegations in Child Sexual Abuse: An Overview" (Tara Ney); "The Nature of Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse"…

  16. 28 CFR 0.29b - Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or... OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29b Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse. Employees shall report evidence and non-frivolous allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse relating to...

  17. 28 CFR 0.29b - Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or... OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29b Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse. Employees shall report evidence and non-frivolous allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse relating to...

  18. 28 CFR 0.29b - Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or... OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29b Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse. Employees shall report evidence and non-frivolous allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse relating to...

  19. 28 CFR 0.29b - Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or... OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29b Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse. Employees shall report evidence and non-frivolous allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse relating to...

  20. 25 CFR 42.3 - How should a school address alleged violations of school policies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How should a school address alleged violations of school... RIGHTS § 42.3 How should a school address alleged violations of school policies? (a) In addressing alleged violations of school policies, each school must consider, to the extent appropriate,...

  1. Sexual abuse allegations by children with neuropsychiatric disorders.

    PubMed

    Lindblad, Frank; Lainpelto, Katrin

    2011-03-01

    All Swedish court cases from 2004 and 2006 concerning alleged child sexual abuse (sexual harassment excluded) were identified through criminal registers. Fourteen cases (one boy) concerned a child with a neuropsychiatric disorder. The diagnostic groups were mental retardation (10 cases), autism (three cases), and ADHD (one case). Psychiatric experts were engaged in only two cases. When experts were involved, the courts focused on credibility issues. When the courts applied neuropsychiatric arguments in the absence of an expert, they used developmental arguments. When the authors found that significant neuropsychiatric issues were not discussed by the court it concerned interpretations of symptoms and developmental standpoints. The results illustrate the complexity and pitfalls of drawing conclusions about associations between symptoms and personality characteristics on one side and accuracy of sexual abuse allegations on the other. Moreover, the results highlight the importance of a high quality system for providing courts with adequate neuropsychiatric knowledge.

  2. Orthodontic allegations raised against registrants by the General Dental Council.

    PubMed

    Singh, P

    2016-09-23

    An allegation calling a dental professional's Fitness to Practise (FtP) into question is probably one of the most stressful events a General Dental Council (GDC) registrant could face during their career. The practise of dentistry is experiencing unprecedented levels of complaints against registrants with orthodontics traditionally being seen as a low risk area. However, as a recently appointed clinical advisor and expert witness to the GDC, I can testify this may no longer be the case. The last twelve months has seen me provide advice on seven cases associated with orthodontics. This review of frequently occurring allegations in cases being investigated by the GDC should stimulate greater levels of awareness for all members of the dental team and increase the standard of care being provided to our patients. PMID:27659629

  3. One hundred alleged false confession cases: some normative data.

    PubMed

    Gudjonsson, G H

    1990-05-01

    This paper describes the psychological characteristics of individuals who retract self-incriminating admissions made during police interviewing. A group of 100 alleged false confessors was compared with 104 other forensic referrals on four psychological variables. The two groups differed significantly on tests of intelligence, suggestibility, compliance and acquiescence. Normative data are provided for clinicians to evaluate test scores when assessing the psychological characteristics of individuals who claim to have made false confessions. PMID:2364207

  4. One hundred alleged false confession cases: some normative data.

    PubMed

    Gudjonsson, G H

    1990-05-01

    This paper describes the psychological characteristics of individuals who retract self-incriminating admissions made during police interviewing. A group of 100 alleged false confessors was compared with 104 other forensic referrals on four psychological variables. The two groups differed significantly on tests of intelligence, suggestibility, compliance and acquiescence. Normative data are provided for clinicians to evaluate test scores when assessing the psychological characteristics of individuals who claim to have made false confessions.

  5. New Investigations of the Alleged Meteorite from Igast, Estonia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    OKeefe, John A.; Lowman, Paul D., Jr.

    1961-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a reinvestigation of the object which allegedly fell at Igast, Estonia, in 1855, and which may be the only example of a meteorite with the chemical composition of a tektite. R is concluded that generally quoted opinions of the artificial nature of this object are based on spurious samples, specifically melted brick and quartz basalt porphyry distributed by a Russian collector. Possibly genuine specimens from this observed fall are in the British Museum, the Paris Museum, and perhaps at the University of Dorpat, Estonia. It is recommended that these specimens be re-examined and that a search for similar objects be made.

  6. Shared snorkel leads to coerced HIV test, suit alleges.

    PubMed

    1998-08-21

    An African-American mother is suing an Illinois clinic and a community center, alleging that they pressured her into having her son tested for HIV and strep throat because he shared a snorkel with a white boy at a public swimming pool. The mother contends that the community center pressured her because the white boy's mother insisted on the tests and threatened to sue the community center. The American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois has accused the community center and the clinic that performed the tests of racially motivated discrimination and violations of the state HIV testing and confidentiality laws. Also named in the suit is the doctor who performed the tests.

  7. Within-group health disparities among Blacks: the effects of Afrocentric features and unfair treatment.

    PubMed

    Hagiwara, Nao; Penner, Louis A; Gonzalez, Richard; Albrecht, Terrance L

    2013-10-01

    Prior research on the impact of Afrocentric features on health has focused primarily on a single feature, skin color. We explored the effects of two other Afrocentric features (lip thickness, nose width) on Blacks' health status and whether unfair treatment mediates any relationship between these features and health. A secondary analysis of a prior study of Black patients' health was conducted. Patients with strong (high lip and high nose ratios) and weak (low lip and low nose ratios) Afrocentric features (i.e., congruent features) had poorer health than patients with incongruent features. Unlike findings for skin color, congruence of features rather than strength predicted health. Congruence predicted perceived unfair treatment in the same manner. Importantly, perceived unfair treatment mediated the relation between Afrocentric features and health. The study suggests that even subtle differences in Afrocentric features can have serious long-term health consequences among Blacks. Clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

  8. You did not mean it: Perceived good intentions alleviate sense of unfairness.

    PubMed

    Ma, Qingguo; Meng, Liang; Zhang, Zhexiao; Xu, Qing; Wang, Yue; Shen, Qiang

    2015-06-01

    Previous research has reported that feedback-related negativity (FRN) may represent the degree of perceived unfairness in the ultimatum game (UG). However, few studies have incorporated intention-related consideration in examining the neural correlates of fairness perception. To address this issue, the present study introduced an intentional UG paradigm to disentangle the effect of perceived intention from fairness concerns, using an event-related potential (ERP) analysis. Consistent with the hypothesis, the behavioral results indicated that good intention could markedly reduce rejection rates, and this intention effect was modulated by the degree of fairness, which was more prominent under unfair scenarios. Further electrophysiological results showed that, for the unfair division schemes, FRN and P300 amplitudes were significantly different between offers proposed with good intention and those with bad intention, while such discrepancies were not observed for the fair condition. In summary, converging results demonstrated that perceived intention can modulate the effect of fairness in social decision-making. PMID:25863263

  9. Flight into sanity. Jones's allegation of Ferenczi's mental deterioration reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Bonomi, C

    1999-06-01

    In 'The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud', Volume III, Ernest Jones explained Ferenczi's final contributions as the product of a mental deterioration based on a progressive psychosis. Erich Fromm collected various testimonies by witnesses of Ferenczi's last years, all contrasting with Jones's assertions, and challenged Jones's manner of writing history. However, since Fromm was himself a dissident, and his witnesses were pupils, relatives or friends of Ferenczi's, they were discarded as 'partisans'. The present study aims at reconsidering the question of Ferenczi's insanity on the basis of many unpublished documents. The consulted documents do not support Jones's allegation of Ferenczi's insanity. At the same time, they show that Jones's allegation was not a one-man fabrication, but reflected a shared belief, eliciting many questions about the nature of this belief, the lack of scrutiny that characterised its spreading, and its possible function within the psychoanalytic community. It is suggested that Ferenczi's personality and teaching, especially his emphasis on the need to accept the patient's criticism, contrasted with the dominant conception of psychoanalysis, based on the analyst's infallibility.

  10. 16 CFR 433.2 - Preservation of consumers' claims and defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 433.2 Section 433.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES § 433.2 Preservation of... Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of section 5...

  11. 16 CFR 433.2 - Preservation of consumers' claims and defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 433.2 Section 433.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES § 433.2 Preservation of... Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of section 5...

  12. 16 CFR 433.2 - Preservation of consumers' claims and defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 433.2 Section 433.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES § 433.2 Preservation of... Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of section 5...

  13. 16 CFR 433.2 - Preservation of consumers' claims and defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 433.2 Section 433.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES § 433.2 Preservation of... Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of section 5...

  14. 16 CFR 433.2 - Preservation of consumers' claims and defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... defenses, unfair or deceptive acts or practices. 433.2 Section 433.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES § 433.2 Preservation of... Trade Commission Act, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of section 5...

  15. Are Irrational Reactions to Unfairness Truly Emotionally-Driven? Dissociated Behavioural and Emotional Responses in the Ultimatum Game Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civai, Claudia; Corradi-Dell'Acqua, Corrado; Gamer, Matthias; Rumiati, Raffaella I.

    2010-01-01

    The "irrational" rejections of unfair offers by people playing the Ultimatum Game (UG), a widely used laboratory model of economical decision-making, have traditionally been associated with negative emotions, such as frustration, elicited by unfairness ([Sanfey et al., 2003] and [van't Wout et al., 2006]). We recorded skin conductance responses as…

  16. Physiological mechanisms that underlie the effects of interactional unfairness on deviant behavior: the role of cortisol activity.

    PubMed

    Yang, Liu-Qin; Bauer, Jeremy; Johnson, Russell E; Groer, Maureen W; Salomon, Kristen

    2014-03-01

    Although experiencing unfairness is a primary source of stress, there are surprisingly few studies that have examined the physiological underpinnings of unfairness. Drawing from social self-preservation theory, we derive predictions regarding the effects of interactional unfairness on activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, which is one of the body's primary hormonal systems for responding to stress. Using an experimental design with objective physiological measures, we found support for our hypothesis that interactional unfairness triggers the release of cortisol by the HPA axis. This cortisol activity in turn mediated the effects of interactional unfairness on deviant behavior. This indirect effect remained significant after controlling for established attitudinal and self-construal mediators of the justice-deviance relationship. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for the occupational stress and organizational justice literatures. PMID:24099347

  17. Physiological mechanisms that underlie the effects of interactional unfairness on deviant behavior: the role of cortisol activity.

    PubMed

    Yang, Liu-Qin; Bauer, Jeremy; Johnson, Russell E; Groer, Maureen W; Salomon, Kristen

    2014-03-01

    Although experiencing unfairness is a primary source of stress, there are surprisingly few studies that have examined the physiological underpinnings of unfairness. Drawing from social self-preservation theory, we derive predictions regarding the effects of interactional unfairness on activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, which is one of the body's primary hormonal systems for responding to stress. Using an experimental design with objective physiological measures, we found support for our hypothesis that interactional unfairness triggers the release of cortisol by the HPA axis. This cortisol activity in turn mediated the effects of interactional unfairness on deviant behavior. This indirect effect remained significant after controlling for established attitudinal and self-construal mediators of the justice-deviance relationship. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for the occupational stress and organizational justice literatures.

  18. Department of Energy: Allegations about the Director of the Office of Minority Economic Impact

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    Rosslee G. Douglas was nominated to be Director of the Office of Minority Economic Impact in March 1981. She requested a reorganization (proposed reduction in force) of her office May 1985. Shortly after she proposed the RIF, allegations were made that the purpose of her proposal was to get rid of two employees whom she did not trust. Other allegations were made against Mrs. Douglas, including allegations that she abused travel, telephone, and Department of Energy motor pool privileges, and that she engaged in illegal contracting practices. GAO found support for some of the allegations regarding the proposed RIF.

  19. 14 CFR 399.80 - Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....80 Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents. It is the policy of the Board to regard any of...) Selling air transportation to persons on a reservation or charter basis for specified space, flight, or time, or representing that such definite reservation or charter is or will be available or has...

  20. 75 FR 37435 - Fact Finding Investigation No. 27; Potentially Unlawful, Unfair or Deceptive Ocean Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... Fact Finding Investigation No. 27; Potentially Unlawful, Unfair or Deceptive Ocean Transportation... will use the information obtained in this investigation and recommendations of the Fact-Finding Officer... property in the oceanborne foreign commerce of the United States, in order to gather facts and establish...

  1. Suit alleges that dental clinic fired hygenist for having HIV.

    PubMed

    1999-02-19

    A private Atlanta dental clinic is being sued in Federal court for removing a hygienist after learning he was HIV-positive. The lawsuit alleges that the clinic was afraid of losing business. The hygienist, [name removed], claims he was told he could no longer treat patients after his doctor notified his employer of his HIV status. He was offered a clerical position at substantially less pay. Although Federal and Georgia statutes allow employers to fire or reassign workers if their disability poses a threat to the health or safety of others, the suit contends [name removed] posed no threat. A second lawsuit has been filed against the physician who informed the clinic, charging him with wrongful disclosure of HIV-related information.

  2. [Surgical procedures involved in claims for alleged defects in praxis].

    PubMed

    Arimany-Manso, Josep; Benet-Travé, J; Bruguera-Cortada, M; Torné-Escasany, R; Klamburg-Pujol, J; Gómez-Durán, Esperanza L

    2014-03-01

    Medical professional liability and adverse events in health care are major concerns worldwide and the analysis of claims for alleged defects in praxis is a potential source of knowledge. High rates of adverse events and complaints have been reported in surgical procedures. This article analyzes the claims registered by the Council of Medical Colleges in Catalonia between 1986 and 2012, and explores surgical procedures claimed (ICD- 9-CM coding), as well as the final outcome of the claim. Among the 5,419 records identified on surgical procedures, the interventions of the musculoskeletal system and skin and integument showed the highest frequencies. Interventions related to "non-curative" medicine should be emphasized because of their higher rates of economical agreement or condemnation outcomes, which were significantly higher for mastopexia. The results underscore the importance of the surgical area in medical professional liability and the high risk of payouts among those procedures belonging to the so-called "non-curative" medicine.

  3. Preschool child development: implications for investigation of child abuse allegations.

    PubMed

    Sivan, A B

    1991-01-01

    Allegations of mistreatment by adults made by children of preschool age are often dismissed as fictitious with the suggestion that children of this age are prone to fantasy and unable to discriminate fact from fiction. This paper is intended to familiarize those with a general concern about child abuse with the research and theories in child development. Specifically, it reviews those aspects of normal child development which have direct relevance to the question of the veracity of reports made by children ages 2 to 5 years. Examination of the research on children's thought and language, memory and learning, fears, fantasy, and play, as well as the research on the influence of television on children of this age, led to the conclusion that preschoolers base their play on the reality of their experience.

  4. The Alleged Crisis and the Illusion of Exact Replication.

    PubMed

    Stroebe, Wolfgang; Strack, Fritz

    2014-01-01

    There has been increasing criticism of the way psychologists conduct and analyze studies. These critiques as well as failures to replicate several high-profile studies have been used as justification to proclaim a "replication crisis" in psychology. Psychologists are encouraged to conduct more "exact" replications of published studies to assess the reproducibility of psychological research. This article argues that the alleged "crisis of replicability" is primarily due to an epistemological misunderstanding that emphasizes the phenomenon instead of its underlying mechanisms. As a consequence, a replicated phenomenon may not serve as a rigorous test of a theoretical hypothesis because identical operationalizations of variables in studies conducted at different times and with different subject populations might test different theoretical constructs. Therefore, we propose that for meaningful replications, attempts at reinstating the original circumstances are not sufficient. Instead, replicators must ascertain that conditions are realized that reflect the theoretical variable(s) manipulated (and/or measured) in the original study.

  5. Forensic evaluation in alleged sibling incest against children.

    PubMed

    Falcão, Vera; Jardim, Patrícia; Dinis-Oliveira, Ricardo Jorge; Magalhães, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Sibling incest is a serious form of intrafamilial sexual abuse with health, social, and legal relevance. A retrospective study was conducted through the analysis of forensic medical reports of the alleged sibling incest of victims under 18 years old (n = 68) from 2004 to 2011 as well as the respective judicial outcomes. Results demonstrated that sibling's sexual abuse is associated with several circumstances that might exacerbate its severity such as vaginal, anal, and/or oral penetration. Moreover, the victim's young age, the proximity between victim and abuser, and the fact that it is committed at the victim's and/or abuser's home and by using physical violence and verbal threats justify a late detection of these cases.

  6. [Surgical procedures involved in claims for alleged defects in praxis].

    PubMed

    Arimany-Manso, Josep; Benet-Travé, J; Bruguera-Cortada, M; Torné-Escasany, R; Klamburg-Pujol, J; Gómez-Durán, Esperanza L

    2014-03-01

    Medical professional liability and adverse events in health care are major concerns worldwide and the analysis of claims for alleged defects in praxis is a potential source of knowledge. High rates of adverse events and complaints have been reported in surgical procedures. This article analyzes the claims registered by the Council of Medical Colleges in Catalonia between 1986 and 2012, and explores surgical procedures claimed (ICD- 9-CM coding), as well as the final outcome of the claim. Among the 5,419 records identified on surgical procedures, the interventions of the musculoskeletal system and skin and integument showed the highest frequencies. Interventions related to "non-curative" medicine should be emphasized because of their higher rates of economical agreement or condemnation outcomes, which were significantly higher for mastopexia. The results underscore the importance of the surgical area in medical professional liability and the high risk of payouts among those procedures belonging to the so-called "non-curative" medicine. PMID:24913754

  7. 76 FR 8767 - Agency Information Collection Activities: e-Allegations Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ... Federal Register (75 FR 77892) on December 14, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: e-Allegations... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: e- Allegations Submission. This is a...

  8. The Polygraph, Its Use in Cases of Alleged Sexual Abuse: An Exploratory Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faller, Kathleen Coulborn

    1997-01-01

    This exploratory study of 42 cases with sexual abuse allegations and polygraph results found that polygraph findings were unrelated to other evidence of likelihood of sexual abuse, including the child's statements, medical evidence, psychological symptoms, or indicators of sexual abuse. When alleged offenders passed polygraphs, criminal…

  9. 7 CFR 3022.6 - Notification of USDA of allegations of research misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Notification of USDA of allegations of research... OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS CONDUCTING USDA-FUNDED EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH; RESEARCH MISCONDUCT § 3022.6 Notification of USDA of allegations of...

  10. 7 CFR 3022.6 - Notification of USDA of allegations of research misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Notification of USDA of allegations of research... OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS CONDUCTING USDA-FUNDED EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH; RESEARCH MISCONDUCT § 3022.6 Notification of USDA of allegations of...

  11. 7 CFR 3022.6 - Notification of USDA of allegations of research misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Notification of USDA of allegations of research... OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS CONDUCTING USDA-FUNDED EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH; RESEARCH MISCONDUCT § 3022.6 Notification of USDA of allegations of...

  12. 7 CFR 3022.6 - Notification of USDA of allegations of research misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Notification of USDA of allegations of research... OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS CONDUCTING USDA-FUNDED EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH; RESEARCH MISCONDUCT § 3022.6 Notification of USDA of allegations of...

  13. 13 CFR 101.301 - Who should receive information or allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse? 101.301 Section 101.301 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS..., fraud, and abuse? The Office of Inspector General should receive all information or allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse regarding SBA programs and operations....

  14. Young Children's References to Temporal Attributes of Allegedly Experienced Events in the Course of Forensic Interviews

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orbach, Yael; Lamb, Michael E.

    2007-01-01

    Developmental differences in references to temporal attributes of allegedly experienced events were examined in 250 forensic interviews of 4- to 10-year-old alleged victims of sexual abuse. Children's ages, the specific temporal attributes referenced, and the types of memory tapped by the interviewers' questions significantly affected the quantity…

  15. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  16. 26 CFR 601.507 - Evidence required to substantiate facts alleged by a recognized representative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Evidence required to substantiate facts alleged... Practice Requirements § 601.507 Evidence required to substantiate facts alleged by a recognized... perjury) that the recognized representative prepared such submission and that the facts contained...

  17. 13 CFR 101.301 - Who should receive information or allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... allegations of waste, fraud, and abuse? 101.301 Section 101.301 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS..., fraud, and abuse? The Office of Inspector General should receive all information or allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse regarding SBA programs and operations....

  18. 28 CFR 0.29b - Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... abuse. 0.29b Section 0.29b Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 4-Office of the Inspector General § 0.29b Reporting allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse. Employees shall report evidence and non-frivolous allegations of waste, fraud, or abuse relating to...

  19. 32 CFR 507.18 - Processing complaints of alleged breach of policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF DECORATIONS, MEDALS, BADGES... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Processing complaints of alleged breach of... Program § 507.18 Processing complaints of alleged breach of policies. The Institute of Heraldry may...

  20. 22 CFR 214.52 - Administrative review of other alleged non-compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Administrative Remedies § 214.52 Administrative review of other alleged non-compliance. With... must file a written complaint which contains specific information regarding the alleged non-compliance. (b) The written complaint must be addressed to the Administrator or Deputy Administrator, Agency...

  1. Perceived Teacher Unfairness, Instrumental Goals, and Bullying Behavior in Early Adolescence.

    PubMed

    Lenzi, Michela; Vieno, Alessio; Gini, Gianluca; Pozzoli, Tiziana; Pastore, Massimiliano; Santinello, Massimo; Elgar, Frank J

    2014-07-01

    The present study examined links between perceived teacher unfairness and bullying behavior in early adolescence, and the potential mediating role of instrumental social goals (specifically, agentic and separate goals). Based on social information processing theory, our model of proactive aggression was evaluated using path analysis in a sample of 662 Italian students aged between 11 and 13 years old (mean age = 12.55, SD = 0.99; 50.6% males). Results showed that perceived teacher unfairness positively relates to bullying, and that this relationship is partially mediated by the endorsement of instrumental goals. Our findings offer promising implications for future research and for intervention programs that aim to prevent school bullying through modifying the classroom context. PMID:24366959

  2. 'It's still bending': verbal suggestion and alleged psychokinetic ability.

    PubMed

    Wiseman, Richard; Greening, Emma

    2005-02-01

    Some alleged psychics appear to be able to deform metallic objects, such as keys and cutlery, by thought alone. This paper describes two studies that examined whether one aspect of these demonstrations could be created by verbal suggestion. In the first study, participants were shown a videotape in which a fake psychic placed a bent key on a table. Participants in one condition heard the fake psychic suggest that the key was continuing to bend, whilst those in the other condition did not. Participants in the suggestion condition were significantly more likely to report that the key continued to bend. These findings were replicated in the second study. In addition, participants who reported that the key continued to bend displayed a significantly higher level of confidence in their testimony than others, and were significantly less likely to recall that the fake psychic had suggested the continued bending of the key. Neither experiment revealed any differences between participants who expressed a prior belief in the paranormal compared with those who did not. The paper discusses the implications of these results for the psychology of suggestion and the assessment of eyewitness testimony for anomalous events.

  3. Deficient cognitive control fuels children's exuberant false allegations.

    PubMed

    Poole, Debra Ann; Dickinson, Jason J; Brubacher, Sonja P; Liberty, Allison E; Kaake, Amanda M

    2014-02-01

    In eyewitness studies as in actual investigations, a minority of children generate numerous false (and sometimes incredulous) allegations. To explore the characteristics of these children, we reinterviewed and administered a battery of tasks to 61 children (ages 4-9 years) who had previously participated in an eyewitness study where a man broke a "germ rule" twice when he tried to touch them. Performance on utilization, response conflict (Luria tapping), and theory of mind tasks predicted the number of false reports of touching (with age and time since the event controlled) and correctly classified 90.16% of the children as typical witnesses or exuberant (more than 3) false reporters. Results of a factor analysis pointed to a common process underlying performance on these tasks that accounted for 49% of the variability in false reports. Relations between task performance and testimony confirmed that the mechanisms underlying occasional intrusions are different from those that drive persistent confabulation and that deficient cognitive control fuels young children's exuberant false reports. PMID:24157217

  4. 'It's still bending': verbal suggestion and alleged psychokinetic ability.

    PubMed

    Wiseman, Richard; Greening, Emma

    2005-02-01

    Some alleged psychics appear to be able to deform metallic objects, such as keys and cutlery, by thought alone. This paper describes two studies that examined whether one aspect of these demonstrations could be created by verbal suggestion. In the first study, participants were shown a videotape in which a fake psychic placed a bent key on a table. Participants in one condition heard the fake psychic suggest that the key was continuing to bend, whilst those in the other condition did not. Participants in the suggestion condition were significantly more likely to report that the key continued to bend. These findings were replicated in the second study. In addition, participants who reported that the key continued to bend displayed a significantly higher level of confidence in their testimony than others, and were significantly less likely to recall that the fake psychic had suggested the continued bending of the key. Neither experiment revealed any differences between participants who expressed a prior belief in the paranormal compared with those who did not. The paper discusses the implications of these results for the psychology of suggestion and the assessment of eyewitness testimony for anomalous events. PMID:15826327

  5. Clinical and immunologic approach to patients with alleged environmental injury

    SciTech Connect

    Salvaggio, J.E. )

    1991-06-01

    Many of the challenging clinical evaluations facing today's practitioner and particularly today's allergist involve suspected hidden environmental exposure, not only to traditional allergens that induce classic symptoms of IgE-mediated disease, but to a wide range of simple chemicals encountered in trace amounts that may be associated with multisystemic symptoms including behavioral and neurologic manifestations. In the litigious social climate in which we live, the increased number of disability and personal injury claims and the ambiguous posturing by the legal profession often dictate a new set of diagnostic rules and norms. These must be considered by allergists and other practitioners in evaluating patients with polysomatic complaints allegedly due to trace environmental contaminants and with little or no identifiable pathology by gross or microscopic examination of tissues or laboratory data. These patients may have been declared totally disabled and may be seeking or receiving large amounts of personal injury compensation. Furthermore, they may be under treatment with multiple unproven diagnostic and therapeutic modalities and properly controlled challenge procedures may be necessary to prove or disprove the necessity for these diagnostic tests and therapies. With the ever increasing industrialization of our environment, it is likely that patients with these problems, who present for evaluation, will increase in number. It is therefore prudent for the practitioner to consider sound, comprehensive approaches to diagnoses and management of these conditions and above all to allay morbid fears of clinically relevant disease or immune system dysfunction based on results of isolated laboratory test findings. 83 references.

  6. Little Albert's alleged neurological impairment: Watson, Rayner, and historical revision.

    PubMed

    Digdon, Nancy; Powell, Russell A; Harris, Ben

    2014-11-01

    In 2012, Fridlund, Beck, Goldie, and Irons (2012) announced that "Little Albert"-the infant that Watson and Rayner used in their 1920 study of conditioned fear (Watson & Rayner, 1920)-was not the healthy child the researchers described him to be, but was neurologically impaired almost from birth. Fridlund et al. also alleged that Watson had committed serious ethical breaches in regard to this research. Our article reexamines the evidentiary bases for these claims and arrives at an alternative interpretation of Albert as a normal infant. In order to set the stage for our interpretation, we first briefly describe the historical context for the Albert study, as well as how the study has been construed and revised since 1920. We then discuss the evidentiary issues in some detail, focusing on Fridlund et al.'s analysis of the film footage of Albert, and on the context within which Watson and Rayner conducted their study. In closing, we return to historical matters to speculate about why historiographical disputes matter and what the story of neurologically impaired Albert might be telling us about the discipline of psychology today. PMID:25068585

  7. 78 FR 35826 - Unfair Competitive Advantages; Enhancement of the Formal Complaint Process

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... provide AT&T with access to live coverage of San Diego Padres baseball games. See AT&T Services, Inc. v... that raised issues relating to unfair competition: Docket No. C2009-1, GameFly Inc. (GameFly). Although the GameFly complaint did not directly raise issues related to 39 U.S.C. 404a, without changes to...

  8. The relation between perceived unfair treatment and blood pressure in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of women.

    PubMed

    Brown, Charlotte; Matthews, Karen A; Bromberger, Joyce T; Chang, Yuefang

    2006-08-01

    Elevated blood pressure is an important public health problem in midlife women, especially among minority groups. Few studies have examined the impact of perceived unfair treatment due to different factors such as racism, sexism, or ageism on blood pressure. By use of a racially/ethnically diverse community sample of nearly 3,300 midlife women enrolled in the longitudinal, multisite Study of Women's Health across the Nation between 1995 and 1997, this study examined whether perceived unfair treatment varied by race/ethnicity and whether it was associated with blood pressure levels. Overall, unfair treatment was reported by 65% of African-American women, 60% of Chinese women, 36% of Japanese women, 47% of White women, and 27% of Hispanic women. Although racial/ethnic differences in blood pressure were evident, high levels of perceived unfair treatment were not a correlate of elevated blood pressure.

  9. Rejection of unfair offers in the ultimatum game is no evidence of strong reciprocity.

    PubMed

    Yamagishi, Toshio; Horita, Yutaka; Mifune, Nobuhiro; Hashimoto, Hirofumi; Li, Yang; Shinada, Mizuho; Miura, Arisa; Inukai, Keigo; Takagishi, Haruto; Simunovic, Dora

    2012-12-11

    The strong reciprocity model of the evolution of human cooperation has gained some acceptance, partly on the basis of support from experimental findings. The observation that unfair offers in the ultimatum game are frequently rejected constitutes an important piece of the experimental evidence for strong reciprocity. In the present study, we have challenged the idea that the rejection response in the ultimatum game provides evidence of the assumption held by strong reciprocity theorists that negative reciprocity observed in the ultimatum game is inseparably related to positive reciprocity as the two sides of a preference for fairness. The prediction of an inseparable relationship between positive and negative reciprocity was rejected on the basis of the results of a series of experiments that we conducted using the ultimatum game, the dictator game, the trust game, and the prisoner's dilemma game. We did not find any correlation between the participants' tendencies to reject unfair offers in the ultimatum game and their tendencies to exhibit various prosocial behaviors in the other games, including their inclinations to positively reciprocate in the trust game. The participants' responses to postexperimental questions add support to the view that the rejection of unfair offers in the ultimatum game is a tacit strategy for avoiding the imposition of an inferior status.

  10. 42 CFR 457.232 - Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General. 457.232... to providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General... during any quarter to be an overpayment. (c) Allegations or indications of waste fraud and abuse...

  11. 42 CFR 457.232 - Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General. 457.232... to providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General... during any quarter to be an overpayment. (c) Allegations or indications of waste fraud and abuse...

  12. 42 CFR 447.90 - FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of credible allegations of fraud against the Medicaid program. 447.90 Section 447.90 Public Health... § 447.90 FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the... to which there is pending an investigation of a credible allegation of fraud except under...

  13. 28 CFR 0.29c - Reporting allegations of employee misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Investigation Office of Professional Responsibility (FBI-OPR). Evidence and non-frivolous allegations of serious misconduct by employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shall be reported by the OIG to the...

  14. 28 CFR 0.29c - Reporting allegations of employee misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Investigation Office of Professional Responsibility (FBI-OPR). Evidence and non-frivolous allegations of serious misconduct by employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shall be reported by the OIG to the...

  15. 28 CFR 0.29c - Reporting allegations of employee misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Investigation Office of Professional Responsibility (FBI-OPR). Evidence and non-frivolous allegations of serious misconduct by employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shall be reported by the OIG to the...

  16. 28 CFR 0.29c - Reporting allegations of employee misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Investigation Office of Professional Responsibility (FBI-OPR). Evidence and non-frivolous allegations of serious misconduct by employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shall be reported by the OIG to the...

  17. 28 CFR 0.29c - Reporting allegations of employee misconduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Investigation Office of Professional Responsibility (FBI-OPR). Evidence and non-frivolous allegations of serious misconduct by employees of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) shall be reported by the OIG to the...

  18. Eliciting accounts of alleged child sexual abuse: how do children report touch?

    PubMed

    Teoh, Yee-San; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen; Johnson, Zephyr H; Lamb, Michael E

    2014-01-01

    Investigative interviewers frequently question alleged victims of child sexual abuse about any touching or bodily contact that might have occurred. In the present study of forensic interviews with 192 alleged sexual abuse victims, between 4 and 13 years of age, we examined the frequency with which alleged victims reported bodily contact as "touch" and the types of prompts associated with "touch" reports. Even young alleged victims of sexual abuse reported bodily contact as "touch," and they used the word "touch" more frequently in response to recall than recognition prompts. Regardless of age, children typically referred to "touch" before interviewers used this term, suggesting that even young children are able to report "touch" without being cued by interviewers.

  19. Reassessment of the NRC`s program for protecting allegers against retaliation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    On July 6, 1993, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s) Executive Director for Operations established a review team to reassess the NRC`s program for protecting allegers against retaliation. The team evaluated the current system, and solicited comments from various NRC offices, other Federal agencies, licensees, former allegers, and the public. This report is subject to agency review. The report summarizes current processes and gives an overview of current problems. It discusses: (1) ways in which licensees can promote a quality-conscious work environment, in which all employees feel free to raise concerns without fear of retaliation; (2) ways to improve the NRC`s overall handling of allegations; (3) the NRC`s involvement in the Department of Labor process; (4) related NRC enforcement practices; and (5) methods other than investigation and enforcement that may be useful in treating allegations of potential or actual discrimination. Recommendations are given in each area.

  20. Perceived unfairness in working conditions: The case of public health services in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The focus on the determinants of the quality of health services in low-income countries is increasing. Health workers' motivation has emerged as a topic of substantial interest in this context. The main objective of this article is to explore health workers' experience of working conditions, linked to motivation to work. Working conditions have been pointed out as a key factor in ensuring a motivated and well performing staff. The empirical focus is on rural public health services in Tanzania. The study aims to situate the results in a broader historical context in order to enhance our understanding of the health worker discourse on working conditions. Methods The study has a qualitative study design to elicit detailed information on health workers' experience of their working conditions. The data comprise focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) with administrators, clinicians and nursing staff in the public health services in a rural district in Tanzania. The study has an ethnographic backdrop based on earlier long-term fieldwork in the same part of Tanzania. Results The article provides insights into health workers' understanding and assessment of their working conditions. An experience of unsatisfactory working conditions as well as a perceived lack of fundamental fairness dominated the FGDs and IDIs. Informants reported unfairness with reference to factors such as salary, promotion, recognition of work experience, allocation of allowances and access to training as well as to human resource management. The study also revealed that many health workers lack information or knowledge about factors that influence their working conditions. Conclusions The article calls for attention to the importance of locating the discourse of unfairness related to working conditions in a broader historical/political context. Tanzanian history has been characterised by an ambiguous and shifting landscape of state regulation, economic reforms

  1. Fear of Negative Evaluation Moderates the Effect of Subliminal Fear Priming on Rejection of Unfair Offers in the Ultimatum Game

    PubMed Central

    Takagishi, Haruto; Fujii, Takayuki; Nishina, Kuniyuki; Okada, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether the tendency to fear negative evaluation moderates the effect of fear emotion on the rejection of unfair offers in the ultimatum game (UG). A photograph of a fearful face or landscape was displayed subliminally (i.e., for 10 ms) before the proposer’s offer in the UG was presented to participants. We used the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNES) to measure participants’ anxiety regarding negative evaluations from others. Results showed a significant interaction between FNES and condition (fearful face vs. landscape) in relation to the rejection of an unfair offer. Furthermore, the mean rejection rate of an unfair offer was significantly higher in the fearful face condition relative to that in the landscape condition among participants whose FNES scores were higher than the median; however, this difference was not observed in participants whose FNES scores were lower than the median. These results suggest that fear of negative evaluation moderates the effect of subliminal fear priming on the rejection of unfair offers in the UG, and that negative emotion induced by unconscious stimuli enhances rejection of these unfair offers. PMID:27549022

  2. Fear of Negative Evaluation Moderates the Effect of Subliminal Fear Priming on Rejection of Unfair Offers in the Ultimatum Game.

    PubMed

    Takagishi, Haruto; Fujii, Takayuki; Nishina, Kuniyuki; Okada, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether the tendency to fear negative evaluation moderates the effect of fear emotion on the rejection of unfair offers in the ultimatum game (UG). A photograph of a fearful face or landscape was displayed subliminally (i.e., for 10 ms) before the proposer's offer in the UG was presented to participants. We used the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNES) to measure participants' anxiety regarding negative evaluations from others. Results showed a significant interaction between FNES and condition (fearful face vs. landscape) in relation to the rejection of an unfair offer. Furthermore, the mean rejection rate of an unfair offer was significantly higher in the fearful face condition relative to that in the landscape condition among participants whose FNES scores were higher than the median; however, this difference was not observed in participants whose FNES scores were lower than the median. These results suggest that fear of negative evaluation moderates the effect of subliminal fear priming on the rejection of unfair offers in the UG, and that negative emotion induced by unconscious stimuli enhances rejection of these unfair offers. PMID:27549022

  3. The neural basis of the Machiavellians' decision making in fair and unfair situations.

    PubMed

    Bereczkei, Tamas; Papp, Peter; Kincses, Peter; Bodrogi, Barbara; Perlaki, Gabor; Orsi, Gergely; Deak, Anita

    2015-08-01

    Although previous research has revealed a number of social, cognitive and neural components of Machiavellians' decision making processes, less attention has been given to the neural correlates of the high Mach (HM) and low Mach (LM) people's responses to situations involving risks and costs imposed by others in interpersonal relationships. In the present study, we used an fMRI technique to examine individuals as they played the Trust game in fair and unfair situations. Our results revealed that the social environment involving opportunities for exploiting others may be more demanding for Machiavellians who showed elevated brain activities in the fair condition (where the partner made a cooperative initiation) but not in the unfair condition. Regarding the specific activated brain areas in the fair condition, the HM's anterior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was responding, which is likely to be involved in the inhibition of the prepotent social-emotional response to the partner's cooperative initiative. Furthermore, we found increased activity in the HM subjects' inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), compared to LMs, that plays a crucial role in the evaluation of the signals associated with the others' social behavior, especially when the player faces a cooperative partner. Alternatively, although Machiavellians are regarded as poor mind readers, inferior frontal gyrus may be effective in anticipating their partner's subsequent decisions in the social dilemma situation.

  4. The neural basis of the Machiavellians' decision making in fair and unfair situations.

    PubMed

    Bereczkei, Tamas; Papp, Peter; Kincses, Peter; Bodrogi, Barbara; Perlaki, Gabor; Orsi, Gergely; Deak, Anita

    2015-08-01

    Although previous research has revealed a number of social, cognitive and neural components of Machiavellians' decision making processes, less attention has been given to the neural correlates of the high Mach (HM) and low Mach (LM) people's responses to situations involving risks and costs imposed by others in interpersonal relationships. In the present study, we used an fMRI technique to examine individuals as they played the Trust game in fair and unfair situations. Our results revealed that the social environment involving opportunities for exploiting others may be more demanding for Machiavellians who showed elevated brain activities in the fair condition (where the partner made a cooperative initiation) but not in the unfair condition. Regarding the specific activated brain areas in the fair condition, the HM's anterior dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was responding, which is likely to be involved in the inhibition of the prepotent social-emotional response to the partner's cooperative initiative. Furthermore, we found increased activity in the HM subjects' inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), compared to LMs, that plays a crucial role in the evaluation of the signals associated with the others' social behavior, especially when the player faces a cooperative partner. Alternatively, although Machiavellians are regarded as poor mind readers, inferior frontal gyrus may be effective in anticipating their partner's subsequent decisions in the social dilemma situation. PMID:26093237

  5. Federal Trade Commission's authority to regulate marketing to children: deceptive vs. unfair rulemaking.

    PubMed

    Pomeranz, Jennifer L

    2011-01-01

    Food and beverage marketing directed at children is of increasing concern to the public health and legal communities. The new administration at the Federal Trade Commission and abundant science on the topic make it a particularly opportune time for the government to reconsider regulating marketing directed at youth. This Article analyzes the Commission's authority to regulate food and beverage marketing directed at children under its jurisdiction over unfair and deceptive acts and practices to determine which avenue is most viable. The author finds that the Federal Trade Commission has the authority to regulate deceptive marketing practices directed at vulnerable populations. Although the Commission can issue individual orders, its remedial power to initiate rules would better address the pervasiveness of modern marketing practices. The Commission does not currently have the power to regulate unfair marketing to children; however, even if Congress reinstated this authority, the Commission's authority over deceptive marketing may be preferable to regulate these practices. Deceptive communications are not protected by the First Amendment and the deceptive standard matches the science associated with marketing to children. The Federal Trade Commission has the authority to initiate rulemaking in the realm of food and beverage marketing to children as deceptive communications in interstate commerce, in violation of the Federal Trade Commission Act. However, to effectuate this process, Congress would need to grant the Commission the authority to do so under the Administrative Procedures Act.

  6. Decision makers use norms, not cost-benefit analysis, when choosing to conceal or reveal unfair rewards.

    PubMed

    Heimann, Marco; Girotto, Vittorio; Legrenzi, Paolo; Bonnefon, Jean-François

    2013-01-01

    We introduce the Conceal or Reveal Dilemma, in which individuals receive unfair benefits, and must decide whether to conceal or to reveal this unfair advantage. This dilemma has two important characteristics: it does not lend itself easily to cost-benefit analysis, neither to the application of any strong universal norm. As a consequence, it is ideally suited to the study of interindividual and intercultural variations in moral-economic norms. In this paper we focus on interindividual variations, and we report four studies showing that individuals cannot be swayed by financial incentives to conceal or to reveal, and follow instead fixed, idiosyncratic strategies. We discuss how this result can be extended to individual and cultural variations in the tendency to display or to hide unfair rewards. PMID:24066040

  7. Decision Makers Use Norms, Not Cost-Benefit Analysis, When Choosing to Conceal or Reveal Unfair Rewards

    PubMed Central

    Heimann, Marco; Girotto, Vittorio; Legrenzi, Paolo; Bonnefon, Jean-François

    2013-01-01

    We introduce the Conceal or Reveal Dilemma, in which individuals receive unfair benefits, and must decide whether to conceal or to reveal this unfair advantage. This dilemma has two important characteristics: it does not lend itself easily to cost-benefit analysis, neither to the application of any strong universal norm. As a consequence, it is ideally suited to the study of interindividual and intercultural variations in moral-economic norms. In this paper we focus on interindividual variations, and we report four studies showing that individuals cannot be swayed by financial incentives to conceal or to reveal, and follow instead fixed, idiosyncratic strategies. We discuss how this result can be extended to individual and cultural variations in the tendency to display or to hide unfair rewards. PMID:24066040

  8. A Social Identity Approach to Understanding Responses to Child Sexual Abuse Allegations

    PubMed Central

    Minto, Kiara; Hornsey, Matthew J.; Gillespie, Nicole; Healy, Karen; Jetten, Jolanda

    2016-01-01

    Two studies investigated the role of group allegiances in contributing to the failure of institutions to appropriately respond to allegations of child sexual abuse. In Study 1, 601 participants read a news article detailing an allegation of child sexual abuse against a Catholic Priest. Catholics were more protective of the accused–and more skeptical of the accuser—than other participants, an effect that was particularly pronounced among strongly identified Catholics. In Study 2 (N = 404), the tendency for Catholics to be more protective of the accused and more skeptical of the accuser than non-Catholics was replicated. Moreover, these effects held independently of the objective likelihood that the accused was guilty. Overall, the data show that group loyalties provide a psychological motivation to disbelieve child abuse allegations. Furthermore, the people for whom this motivation is strongest are also the people who are most likely to be responsible for receiving and investigating allegations: highly identified ingroup members. The findings highlight the psychological mechanisms that may limit the ability of senior Church figures to conduct impartial investigations into allegations of child abuse within the Church. PMID:27111546

  9. 78 FR 9987 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... Register of January 29, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-01833, on page 6168, in the third column; correct the DATES... of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  10. 78 FR 8217 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-05

    ... Register of January 29, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-01833, on page 6168, in the third column, the fourth line... of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  11. 78 FR 22361 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ... Register of January 29, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-01833, on page 6171, in the third column, the last line of... of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative...

  12. Undermining the Unfair Constraints Imposed by Language Standards: Subversive Discourse Tactics Used in Both 19th- and 21st-Century America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duchan, Judith Felson

    2007-01-01

    This article examines various ways people of the past and present have dealt with the unfair practices associated with the use of norms and standards. Nineteenth-century responses of writers to the unfair aspects of standards are revealed by first examining the standards and then analyzing the discourse of two 19th-century women writers and social…

  13. Incorrect Citations Give Unfair Credit to Review Authors in Ecology Journals

    PubMed Central

    Teixeira, Mariana C.; Thomaz, Sidinei M.; Michelan, Thaisa S.; Mormul, Roger P.; Meurer, Thamis; Fasolli, José Vitor B.; Silveira, Márcio J.

    2013-01-01

    The number of citations that papers receive has become significant in measuring researchers' scientific productivity, and such measurements are important when one seeks career opportunities and research funding. Skewed citation practices can thus have profound effects on academic careers. We investigated (i) how frequently authors misinterpret original information and (ii) how frequently authors inappropriately cite reviews instead of the articles upon which the reviews are based. To reach this aim, we carried a survey of ecology journals indexed in the Web of Science and assessed the appropriateness of citations of review papers. Reviews were significantly more often cited than regular articles. In addition, 22% of citations were inaccurate, and another 15% unfairly gave credit to the review authors for other scientists' ideas. These practices should be stopped, mainly through more open discussion among mentors, researchers and students. PMID:24349143

  14. Unfair discrimination in prenatal aneuploidy screening using cell-free DNA?

    PubMed

    Rolfes, Vasilija; Schmitz, Dagmar

    2016-03-01

    Non-invasive prenatal testing on the basis of cell-free DNA of placental origin (NIPT) changed the landscape of prenatal care and is seen as superior to all other up to now implemented prenatal screening procedures - at least in the high-risk population. NIPT has spread almost worldwide commercially, but only in a few countries the costs of NIPT are covered by insurance companies. Such financial barriers in prenatal testing can lead to significant restrictions to the average range of opportunities of pregnant women and couples, which on an intersubjective level can be defined as unfair discrimination and on an individual level weakens reproductive autonomy. Given that enabling reproductive autonomy is the main ethical justification for offering prenatal (genetic) testing, these barriers are not only an issue of justice in health care, but are potentially counteracting the primary purpose of these testing procedures. PMID:26773245

  15. Unfair discrimination in prenatal aneuploidy screening using cell-free DNA?

    PubMed

    Rolfes, Vasilija; Schmitz, Dagmar

    2016-03-01

    Non-invasive prenatal testing on the basis of cell-free DNA of placental origin (NIPT) changed the landscape of prenatal care and is seen as superior to all other up to now implemented prenatal screening procedures - at least in the high-risk population. NIPT has spread almost worldwide commercially, but only in a few countries the costs of NIPT are covered by insurance companies. Such financial barriers in prenatal testing can lead to significant restrictions to the average range of opportunities of pregnant women and couples, which on an intersubjective level can be defined as unfair discrimination and on an individual level weakens reproductive autonomy. Given that enabling reproductive autonomy is the main ethical justification for offering prenatal (genetic) testing, these barriers are not only an issue of justice in health care, but are potentially counteracting the primary purpose of these testing procedures.

  16. 12 CFR 227.26 - Unfair charging of security deposits and fees for the issuance or availability of credit to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... consumer credit card accounts. (a) Limitation for first year. During the first year, a bank must not charge... billing cycle, the bank must not charge to a consumer credit card account security deposits and fees for... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unfair charging of security deposits and...

  17. Coping with unfair events constructively or destructively: the effects of overall justice and self-other orientation.

    PubMed

    Bobocel, D Ramona

    2013-09-01

    Drawing on fairness heuristic theory (Lind, 2001, 2002), it was predicted that how employees cope with an unfair event-whether they are more or less forgiving, and whether they are more or less vengeful-will depend jointly on (a) their perceptions of overall organizational justice and (b) the degree to which they focus on their own interests or on the interests of others. Data were collected in a 2-part field survey of 153 employees who reported their responses to a recent unfair event. Hierarchical regression analyses (controlling possible 3rd variable explanations) revealed the 2 predicted 2-way interactions. Perceptions of overall organizational justice (a) facilitated forgiveness among those with strong other-orientation, and (b) suppressed revenge among those with strong self-concern. Together, the data suggest that perceiving one's organization as a fair entity can shape proximal responses to unfair events, simultaneously facilitating constructive responses in some employees, and suppressing destructive responses in other employees. Theoretically, the findings are consistent with the idea that overall justice fulfills psychological needs that are differentially relevant to employees as a function of their chronic attention to others or to themselves, which in turn enables them to cope with unfair events more beneficially. The data have implications for the study of workplace forgiveness and revenge, as well as more broadly for the literatures on organizational justice and workplace mistreatment. PMID:23668596

  18. Sexual orientation and sexual behavior among Latino and Asian Americans: implications for unfair treatment and psychological distress.

    PubMed

    Chae, David H; Ayala, George

    2010-09-01

    Research on the sexuality of Asians and Latinos in the United States has been sparse, and the studies that have been done suffer from a number of limitations. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Study (2002-2003), this study examined self-identified sexual orientation and self-reported sexual behavior among Latinos (n = 2,554; age: M = 38.1, SE = 0.5) and Asians (n = 2,095; age: M = 41.5, SE = 0.8). This study also investigated implications for unfair treatment and psychological distress among sexual minorities identified in the sample. Results indicated heterogeneity in responses to items assessing sexual orientation and sexual behavior including differences in the adoption of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) identity by gender, ethnicity, nativity, and socioeconomic status. LGB sexual minorities reported higher levels of unfair treatment and psychological distress compared to their non-LGB-identified sexual minority counterparts, and unfair treatment was positively associated with psychological distress. Results highlight the need to consider multiple demographic factors in assessing sexuality, and also suggest that measures of both self-identified sexual orientation and sexual behavior should be collected. In addition, findings provide support for the deleterious influence of unfair treatment among Asians and Latinos in the United States.

  19. Coping with unfair events constructively or destructively: the effects of overall justice and self-other orientation.

    PubMed

    Bobocel, D Ramona

    2013-09-01

    Drawing on fairness heuristic theory (Lind, 2001, 2002), it was predicted that how employees cope with an unfair event-whether they are more or less forgiving, and whether they are more or less vengeful-will depend jointly on (a) their perceptions of overall organizational justice and (b) the degree to which they focus on their own interests or on the interests of others. Data were collected in a 2-part field survey of 153 employees who reported their responses to a recent unfair event. Hierarchical regression analyses (controlling possible 3rd variable explanations) revealed the 2 predicted 2-way interactions. Perceptions of overall organizational justice (a) facilitated forgiveness among those with strong other-orientation, and (b) suppressed revenge among those with strong self-concern. Together, the data suggest that perceiving one's organization as a fair entity can shape proximal responses to unfair events, simultaneously facilitating constructive responses in some employees, and suppressing destructive responses in other employees. Theoretically, the findings are consistent with the idea that overall justice fulfills psychological needs that are differentially relevant to employees as a function of their chronic attention to others or to themselves, which in turn enables them to cope with unfair events more beneficially. The data have implications for the study of workplace forgiveness and revenge, as well as more broadly for the literatures on organizational justice and workplace mistreatment.

  20. Fathers' Forgiveness as a Moderator between Perceived Unfair Treatment by a Family of Origin Member and Anger with Own Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Yu-Rim; Enright, Robert D.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined how forgiveness mediates and moderates between fathers' perceived unfair treatment (PUT) from a family of origin member and anger with the child (AWC). Eighty married fathers who have at least one child between the ages of 2 and 7 years individually completed the Opening Questionnaire, the Enright Forgiveness Inventory, the…

  1. 5 CFR 2423.12 - What types of settlements of unfair labor practice charges are possible after a Regional Director...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What types of settlements of unfair labor... PROCEEDINGS Filing, Investigating, Resolving, and Acting on Charges § 2423.12 What types of settlements of... further action is taken in the case. If the Charged Party fails to perform its obligations under...

  2. Frequency of traumatic lesions alleged by victims of assault during police custody.

    PubMed

    Lorin de la Grandmaison, G; Houssaye, C; Bourokba, N; Durigon, M

    2007-08-01

    A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the frequency of traumatic lesions found in individuals alleging police brutality during official custody in the département of Hauts-de-Seine, located in the west suburbs of Paris. All medical certificates relating to the examination of 11,653 individuals detained during the year 2004 were analysed. From this population, there were 119 cases where victimized individuals alleged police assault and 245 revealed aggressive police manhandling, as indicated by traces of tight handcuffs. Among the individuals alleging police violence, most of them showed recent traumatic lesions (n=91). The majority of lesions were superficial contusions frequently located in the cervico-cephalic area. All traumatic lesions were compatible with the allegations of police assault. Neurological complications secondary to the application of handcuffs were encountered in less than 2% of the cases. Although no death was recorded in police custody during the period of the study, approximately 5% of the population that had encountered some form of police violence was found to require emergency hospitalization. PMID:17631458

  3. 28 CFR 115.322 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.322 Section 115.322 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities...

  4. 28 CFR 115.322 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.322 Section 115.322 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities...

  5. 28 CFR 115.122 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.122 Section 115.122 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Responsive Planning §...

  6. 28 CFR 115.322 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.322 Section 115.322 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities...

  7. 28 CFR 115.22 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.22 Section 115.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Responsive...

  8. 28 CFR 115.22 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.22 Section 115.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Responsive...

  9. 28 CFR 115.22 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.22 Section 115.22 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Responsive...

  10. 28 CFR 115.122 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.122 Section 115.122 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Responsive Planning §...

  11. 28 CFR 115.122 - Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Policies to ensure referrals of allegations for investigations. 115.122 Section 115.122 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Responsive Planning §...

  12. Investigating Allegations of Inappropriate Physical Punishment of Students by School Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, Alexis C.

    1992-01-01

    Any complaint against a school employee regarding inappropriate physical punishment should be taken seriously by administrators and pursued vigorously by an investigating attorney. The standards (especially regarding probable cause and obtaining warrants) for investigating such allegations are less stringent than those imposed in criminal…

  13. Frequency of traumatic lesions alleged by victims of assault during police custody.

    PubMed

    Lorin de la Grandmaison, G; Houssaye, C; Bourokba, N; Durigon, M

    2007-08-01

    A retrospective study was undertaken to determine the frequency of traumatic lesions found in individuals alleging police brutality during official custody in the département of Hauts-de-Seine, located in the west suburbs of Paris. All medical certificates relating to the examination of 11,653 individuals detained during the year 2004 were analysed. From this population, there were 119 cases where victimized individuals alleged police assault and 245 revealed aggressive police manhandling, as indicated by traces of tight handcuffs. Among the individuals alleging police violence, most of them showed recent traumatic lesions (n=91). The majority of lesions were superficial contusions frequently located in the cervico-cephalic area. All traumatic lesions were compatible with the allegations of police assault. Neurological complications secondary to the application of handcuffs were encountered in less than 2% of the cases. Although no death was recorded in police custody during the period of the study, approximately 5% of the population that had encountered some form of police violence was found to require emergency hospitalization.

  14. Beyond Munchausen by Proxy: A Proposed Conceptualization for Cases of Recurring, Unsubstantiated Sexual Abuse Allegations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindahl, Mary W.

    2009-01-01

    In the emerging literature, cases involving recurring, unsubstantiated allegations of child sexual abuse have generally been categorized as Munchausen by proxy. Recent scholars have recommended restricting the label to the original conceptualization, involving purposeful deception motivated by psychological needs for medical attention. This leaves…

  15. Psychological aspects of sexual functioning among cleric and noncleric alleged sex offenders.

    PubMed

    Haywood, T W; Kravitz, H M; Grossman, L S; Wasyliw, O E; Hardy, D W

    1996-06-01

    Cleric sexual misconduct with minors is a problem receiving increased attention from the media, victims groups, and church authorities. Mental health professionals are increasingly being asked to assist church and civil authorities to help better understand the problem of cleric sexual misconduct with minors. In the current study we compared self-reported sexual functioning among cleric alleged child molesters, noncleric alleged child molesters, and normal control subjects. We hypothesized clerics would differ from nonclerics and normals in reported sexual functioning. Our sample included 30 Roman Catholic clerics and 39 nonclerics who were alleged to have engaged in sexual misconduct with minors, and 38 normal control subjects, all of whom took the Derogatis Sexual Functioning Inventory (DSFI) as part of their forensic psychiatric evaluation. Our results indicated clerics were more likely to report fewer victims, older victims, and victims of male gender than noncleric alleged child molesters. Clerics differed from nonclerics and normal control subjects on several dimensions of self-reported sexual functioning. Lower offense rate histories among clerics suggest that, as a group, clerics may be less seriously psychologically disordered than noncleric child molesters. Low DSFI scores among Roman Catholic clerics may be accounted for in part by their unique training and socialization process. Future studies should attempt to study the influence of social desirability on DSFI scores. Normative data from nonoffending celibate clergy are needed. PMID:8800527

  16. Investigation of Alleged Scientific Misconduct on Grants MH-32206 and MH-37449. Final Report and Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

    The report presents results of a Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) investigation into alleged scientific misconduct by Dr. Stephen Bruening in relation to two federally supported projects concerning tardive dyskinesia in retarded populations and stimulant drug use with mentally retarded children. The investigative panel of scientists…

  17. Allegations of diversion and substitution of crude oil. Bayou Choctaw Storage Site, Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-03-30

    Investigation did not substantiate allegations that crude oil destined for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage site at Bayou Choctaw was diverted to private use and some other material substituted in its place. However, recommendations are made for handling intermediate transport and storage systems for crude oil to tighten security aspects. (PSB)

  18. Custody Evaluators' Beliefs about Domestic Violence Allegations during Divorce: Feminist and Family Violence Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haselschwerdt, Megan L.; Hardesty, Jennifer L.; Hans, Jason D.

    2011-01-01

    Approximately, 20% of divorcing couples in the United States require judicial intervention to reach a custody agreement. In such cases, courts often call on child custody evaluators to conduct comprehensive evaluations and recommend custody agreements and services that meet children's best interests. Estimates suggest that allegations of domestic…

  19. Report on Student Academic Integrity and Allegations of Contract Cheating by University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Australian Government Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, 2015

    2015-01-01

    On 12 November 2014 the Fairfax media reported allegations of cheating by students at a number of Australian higher education providers through the purchase of assignments, particularly through the MyMaster website. The Honorable Christopher Pyne MP, Minister for Education and Training, referred the matter to the Tertiary Education Quality and…

  20. Factors Impacting the Assessment of Maternal Culpability in Cases of Alleged Fetal Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Monica L.

    2003-01-01

    These studies explored attitudes toward maternal culpability in cases of alleged fetal abuse. In experiment one, general culpability for the use of various substances during pregnancy was assessed as well as the impact of other potentially relevant factors. One hundred and twenty students completed the survey. Participants overwhelmingly supported…

  1. 7 CFR 868.8 - Complaints and reports of alleged violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Complaints and reports of alleged violations. 868.8... REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Regulations Administration § 868.8 Complaints..., complaints and reports of violations involving the Act or the regulations, standards, and instructions...

  2. 75 FR 77892 - Agency Information Collection Activities: e-Allegations Submission

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-14

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: e-Allegations... public and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the e... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology; and (e) the annual costs burden...

  3. 7 CFR 900.201 - Investigation and disposition of alleged violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Investigation and disposition of alleged violations. 900.201 Section 900.201 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT...

  4. Psychological aspects of sexual functioning among cleric and noncleric alleged sex offenders.

    PubMed

    Haywood, T W; Kravitz, H M; Grossman, L S; Wasyliw, O E; Hardy, D W

    1996-06-01

    Cleric sexual misconduct with minors is a problem receiving increased attention from the media, victims groups, and church authorities. Mental health professionals are increasingly being asked to assist church and civil authorities to help better understand the problem of cleric sexual misconduct with minors. In the current study we compared self-reported sexual functioning among cleric alleged child molesters, noncleric alleged child molesters, and normal control subjects. We hypothesized clerics would differ from nonclerics and normals in reported sexual functioning. Our sample included 30 Roman Catholic clerics and 39 nonclerics who were alleged to have engaged in sexual misconduct with minors, and 38 normal control subjects, all of whom took the Derogatis Sexual Functioning Inventory (DSFI) as part of their forensic psychiatric evaluation. Our results indicated clerics were more likely to report fewer victims, older victims, and victims of male gender than noncleric alleged child molesters. Clerics differed from nonclerics and normal control subjects on several dimensions of self-reported sexual functioning. Lower offense rate histories among clerics suggest that, as a group, clerics may be less seriously psychologically disordered than noncleric child molesters. Low DSFI scores among Roman Catholic clerics may be accounted for in part by their unique training and socialization process. Future studies should attempt to study the influence of social desirability on DSFI scores. Normative data from nonoffending celibate clergy are needed.

  5. 76 FR 41857 - Petition Under Section 302 on Alleged Expropriations by the Dominican Republic; Decision Not To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Petition Under Section 302 on Alleged Expropriations by the Dominican Republic... adequate compensation by the Government of the Dominican Republic, resulting in an alleged breach of the Dominican Republic's obligations under the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free...

  6. 20 CFR 30.609 - Is a settlement or judgment received as a result of allegations of medical malpractice in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... result of allegations of medical malpractice in treating an illness covered by EEOICPA a recovery that... of allegations of medical malpractice in treating an illness covered by EEOICPA a recovery that must be reported to OWCP? Since an injury caused by medical malpractice in treating an...

  7. 76 FR 2417 - OSHA-7 Form (“Notice of Alleged Safety and Health Hazards”); Extension of the Office of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA-7 Form (``Notice of Alleged Safety and Health Hazards... officer of safety and health hazards regulated by the Agency that they believe exist in their workplaces...: Extension of a currently approved collection. Title: Notice of Alleged Safety and Health Hazards,...

  8. 42 CFR 457.232 - Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General. 457.232... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... to providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector...

  9. 16 CFR 1112.49 - How may a person submit information alleging grounds for adverse action, and what information...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... TO THIRD PARTY CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BODIES Adverse Actions: Types, Grounds, Allegations, Procedural Requirements, and Publication § 1112.49 How may a person submit information alleging grounds for adverse action... grounds for adverse action, and what information should be submitted? 1112.49 Section 1112.49...

  10. TV programs that denounce unfair advantage impact women's sensitivity to defection in the public goods game.

    PubMed

    Park, Seongmin A; Jeong, Soyeong; Jeong, Jaeseung

    2013-01-01

    We explore the neural underpinnings of gender differences in cooperation and their modulation by intensive media watching. We compared cooperative decisions and electroencephalograph data between genders from who participated in repeated rounds of the public goods game (PGG) and investigated within groups changes that occurred after watching a TV program known as "investigative reporting" that denounces unfair advantages taken by free-riders against the public. Women tended to be more cooperative than men during early rounds of PGG, mostly because they react differently to the defection of others; women also had greater β and γ band activity in regions estimated to be associated with social cognition. These gender differences disappeared after participants watched the TV programs: women were more likely to choose free-riding in response to the defection of others that elicits significant increases in γ band activities that were estimated to be right insula. Greater activity in social cognition leads women to make decisions considering the motives of others, while men tend to make a decision by complying with the social norm. Watching the investigative TV reports produced a greater negative emotion to the defection and led women, in a similar manner as men, to opt for a "tit-for-tat" strategy. PMID:24047315

  11. TV programs that denounce unfair advantage impact women's sensitivity to defection in the public goods game.

    PubMed

    Park, Seongmin A; Jeong, Soyeong; Jeong, Jaeseung

    2013-01-01

    We explore the neural underpinnings of gender differences in cooperation and their modulation by intensive media watching. We compared cooperative decisions and electroencephalograph data between genders from who participated in repeated rounds of the public goods game (PGG) and investigated within groups changes that occurred after watching a TV program known as "investigative reporting" that denounces unfair advantages taken by free-riders against the public. Women tended to be more cooperative than men during early rounds of PGG, mostly because they react differently to the defection of others; women also had greater β and γ band activity in regions estimated to be associated with social cognition. These gender differences disappeared after participants watched the TV programs: women were more likely to choose free-riding in response to the defection of others that elicits significant increases in γ band activities that were estimated to be right insula. Greater activity in social cognition leads women to make decisions considering the motives of others, while men tend to make a decision by complying with the social norm. Watching the investigative TV reports produced a greater negative emotion to the defection and led women, in a similar manner as men, to opt for a "tit-for-tat" strategy.

  12. [Transparency of medical quality data. Ethical obligation to deliver or instrument to create unfair competitive advantage?].

    PubMed

    Ennker, J; Albert, A; Thanner, M; Nagel, E; Rosendahl, U; Ennker, I

    2009-10-01

    Annually about 100,000 acute cardiac deaths occur in Germany. For this reason, there is the obvious need, from a public health perspective, to inform the population about possible measures of their prevention and treatment. Ultimately every patient or admission referring doctor can be thought of as a recipient of "marketing". Other than within the context of economics, in medicine the subject of marketing is likely to produce a negative response. Any doctor engaging in marketing is quickly considered to be engaging in unfair competition at the expense of colleagues ("economic competitors"). However, despite some reservations it would seem sensible to provide transparency concerning the results of treatment. If the manner of competition is the right one, i.e. one that has as its aim to improve patient care, it can at the same time improve such care, motivate doctors and frequently also reduce costs. Transparency of the various aspects of improved medical care in this way represent a "pay-back" to everyone working in the health services. It is desirable to establish an external process of assessing any published data and, as far as possible, exclude all incorrect data from relevant measures of comparison. Competition can then be to the patient's benefit.

  13. Studying the neurobiology of social interaction with transcranial direct current stimulation--the example of punishing unfairness.

    PubMed

    Knoch, Daria; Nitsche, Michael A; Fischbacher, Urs; Eisenegger, Christoph; Pascual-Leone, Alvaro; Fehr, Ernst

    2008-09-01

    Studying social behavior often requires the simultaneous interaction of many subjects. As yet, however, no painless, noninvasive brain stimulation tool existed that allowed the simultaneous affection of brain processes in many interacting subjects. Here we show that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can overcome these limits. We apply right prefrontal cathodal tDCS and show that subjects' propensity to punish unfair behavior is reduced significantly.

  14. Forensic urinalysis of drug use in cases of alleged sexual assault.

    PubMed

    Hindmarch, I; ElSohly, M; Gambles, J; Salamone, S

    2001-12-01

    The results of 3303 analyses of urine samples, collected in an independent testing programme from individuals who claimed to have been sexually assaulted and believed that drugs were involved, were examined in detail. Of the samples provided, 2026 (61.3%) proved positive for one or more substances. Alcohol, either alone or in combination with other drugs, was by far the commonest substance found, being present in 1358 samples (67.0% of positives). Cannabis was the second most prevalent drug, present in 613 samples, (30.3% of positives). Detailed examination of the testing results does not support the contention that any single drug, apart from alcohol, can be particularly identified as a 'date rape' drug. Rather, the alleged sexual assaults may often take place against a background of licit or recreational alcohol or drug use, where alcohol and other drugs are frequently taken together. The extensive forensic database examined here does not support the concept of a commonly occurring 'date rape' scenario, in which the victim's drink is covertly 'spiked' with a tablet, capsule or powder containing a sedative-hypnotic. This research highlights the need for the early collection of forensic samples in cases of alleged sexual assault. Law enforcement agencies and health professionals should establish guidelines and procedures to ensure that appropriate forensic samples (blood and urine) are collected in a timely manner following allegations of possible drug mediated sexual assault. PMID:16083685

  15. Investigating the allegations of Indian nuclear test preparations in the Rajasthan Desert

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, V.; Pabian, F.

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes how commercial satellite imagery was used along with news reports and published scientific articles to investigate the December 1995 allegations of Indian nuclear test preparations in the Rajasthan Desert. Taking the allegations against India as an example of a future CTB compliance dispute, the investigation was conducted to test the utility of commercial satellite imagery for CTB verification. The technical inquiry produced a series of findings on India`s nuclear testing history and on the recent nuclear test allegations. These findings included the exact location of the subsidence crater created by the May 18, 1974 nuclear test, the discovery of an adjacent military range near Khetolai village, and the observation of recent large-scale, unusual activity at this military range in the immediate vicinity of the 1974 test site. The image-derived information was used to sift fact from fiction in the conflicting media reports. It was then integrated into the collection of credible evidence and analyzed to determine whether the observed activity at the Khetolai military range was conventional, missile testing, nuclear, or innocuous. 95 refs., 1 tab.

  16. Do human figure diagrams help alleged victims of sexual abuse provide elaborate and clear accounts of physical contact with alleged perpetrators?

    PubMed Central

    Teoh, Yee-San; Yang, Pei-Jung; Lamb, Michael E.; Larsson, Anneli S.

    2009-01-01

    The present study examined whether the use of human figure diagrams within a well-structured interview was associated with more elaborate and clearer accounts about physical contact that had occurred in the course of an alleged abuse. The sample included investigative interviews of 88 children ranging from 4 to 13 years of age. Children were interviewed using the NICHD Investigative Interview Protocol, and were then asked a series of questions in association with unclothed gender-neutral outline diagrams of a human body. A new coding scheme was developed to examine the types and clarity of touch-related information. Use of the HFDs was associated with reports of new touches not mentioned before and elaborations regarding the body parts reportedly touched. The HFDs especially helped clarify reports by the oldest rather than the youngest children. The clarity of children’s accounts of touch was also greater when details were sought using recall prompts. PMID:20174591

  17. Risk of Fatal Injury in Young Children Following Abuse Allegations: Evidence From a Prospective, Population-Based Study

    PubMed Central

    Cleves, Mario A.; Licht, Robyn; Needell, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. We examined variations in children’s risk of an unintentional or intentional fatal injury following an allegation of physical abuse, neglect, or other maltreatment. Methods. We linked records of 514 232 children born in California from 1999 to 2006 and referred to child protective services for maltreatment to vital birth and death data. We used multivariable Cox regression models to estimate variations in risk of fatal injury before age 5 years and modeled maltreatment allegations as time-varying covariates. Results. Children with a previous allegation of physical abuse sustained fatal injuries at 1.7 times the rate of children referred for neglect. Stratification by manner of injury showed that children with an allegation of physical abuse died from intentional injuries at a rate 5 times as high as that for children with an allegation of neglect, yet faced a significantly lower risk of unintentional fatal injury. Conclusions. These data suggest conceptual differences between physical abuse and neglect. Findings indicate that interventions consistent with the form of alleged maltreatment may be appropriate, and heightened monitoring of young children referred for physical abuse may advance child protection. PMID:23947328

  18. Repeated false allegations of sexual abuse presenting to sheriffs: when is it Munchausen by Proxy?

    PubMed

    Schreier, H A

    1996-10-01

    Munchausen by proxy syndrome, wherein a caretaker (most often a mother) simulates or fabricates illness in a child in order to assume the sick role through another has now been described involving a variety of psychiatric problems and false allegations of sexual abuse. Given that a proposed dynamic appears to be a need in a dependent and/or hostile relationship with powerful transferential people from the past, it was expected that professionals (school psychologists, social workers, lawyers) other than doctors would be involved. A case involving law enforcement agents as a primary "target" is described and its significance discussed.

  19. Confusing the terms "guilty" and "not guilty": implications for alleged offenders with mental retardation.

    PubMed

    Smith, S A

    1993-10-01

    Evaluations of competency to stand trial of 45 alleged offenders with mental retardation were inspected to examine their understanding of "guilty" and "not guilty." Seven defendants (16%) had virtually no knowledge of "guilty" and were judged not competent after a thorough evaluation. None received a jail sentence. Although the criminal justice system served well this group with mental retardation, questions remain about the fate of those not identified. Are some pleading guilty when actually meaning "I did not do it" and being surprised by an unexpected jail sentence?

  20. Alleged abuses in health care in the 1990s: a critical assessment of causation and corrections.

    PubMed

    Liberman, A; Rolle, R

    1998-09-01

    Allegations of fraud in the health care field are being directed at a multitude of providers. This article, which follows an earlier one published in The Health Care Supervisor (16:2), seeks to address three questions surrounding the issue: what manner of fraud has occurred in the health care industry; which methods are being employed by our nation's legal system to address the problem, and, in the growing number of instances in which culpability is unclear, how alternative dispute resolution can be utilized to both address and resolve problems that arise. PMID:10182169

  1. Does Information About Neuropsychiatric Diagnoses Influence Evaluation of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations?

    PubMed

    Lainpelto, Katrin; Isaksson, Johan; Lindblad, Frank

    2016-04-01

    This study aimed at investigating if attitudes toward children with neuropsychiatric disorders influence evaluations concerning allegations of child sexual abuse. Law students (n = 107) at Stockholm University, Sweden, were presented a transcript of a mock police interview with a girl, 11 years of age. This interview was based on a real case, selected as a "typical" example from these years concerning contributions from the interviewer and the alleged victim. After having read the transcript, the students responded to a questionnaire concerning degree of credibility, if the girl talked about events that had really occurred, richness of details, and if the narrations were considered truthful and age-adequate. Fifty-four of the students were also told that the girl had been given the diagnoses of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and Asperger syndrome. Students who were informed about the diagnoses gave significantly lower scores concerning credibility of the interviewee. To a lesser degree they regarded her narrations as expressions of what had really occurred and considered her statements less truthful. Furthermore, they found that the narrations contained fewer details. Finally, they found the girl less competent to tell about abuse. We conclude that a neuropsychiatric disorder may infer risks of unjustified skeptical attitudes concerning trustworthiness and cognitive capacity. PMID:27135382

  2. Investigation of an alleged mechanism of finger injury in an automobile crash.

    PubMed

    Stacey, Stephen; Kent, Richard

    2006-07-01

    This investigation centers on the case of an adult male whose finger was allegedly amputated by the steering wheel of his car during a crash. The subject claimed to have been driving with his left index finger inserted through a hole in the spoke of his steering wheel and was subsequently involved in an offset frontal collision with a tree. The finger was found to be cleanly severed at the mid-shaft of the proximal phalanx after the crash. This injury was alleged to have been caused by inertial loading from the rotation of the steering wheel during the crash. To determine whether this injury mechanism was plausible, three laboratory tests representing distinct loading scenarios were carried out with postmortem human surrogates loaded dynamically by the subject's steering wheel. It was found that the inertial loads generated in this loading scenario are insufficient to amputate the finger. Additionally, artificially constraining the finger to force an amputation to occur revealed that a separation at the proximal interphalangeal joint occurs rather than a bony fracture of the proximal phalanx. Based on these biomechanical tests, it can be concluded that the subject's injury did not occur during the automobile crash in question. Furthermore, it can be shown that the injury was self-inflicted to fraudulently claim on an insurance policy.

  3. Illegal discharges in Spanish waters. Analysis of the profile of the Alleged Offending Vessel.

    PubMed

    Martín Alonso, J M; Ortega Piris, Andrés; Pérez Labajos, Carlos

    2015-08-15

    There is at present a growing concern, on an international level, over environmental offences caused by oil discharges into the sea from vessels. The objective of the Spanish Maritime Administration is to prevent the illegal discharges of polluting substances in Spanish maritime waters by vessels in transit. To combat such discharges, since 2007 Spain has reinforced its means of response with the use of aircrafts that provide services of maritime surveillance, identifying the Alleged Offending Vessels and acting as a deterrent. The objective of the present study is both to introduce the concept and to analyze certain aspects of the so-called "Alleged Offending Vessel" (AOV) that have been detected within Spanish Search and Rescue (SAR) jurisdiction waters in the period 2008-2012, in order to build a profile of such a vessel. For this purpose, an analysis methodology is formalized based on the GINI index and Lorenz curves, associated with certain aspects of vessels: type, flag and sailing area. PMID:26070959

  4. Alleged silk spigots on tarantula feet: electron microscopy reveals sensory innervation, no silk.

    PubMed

    Foelix, Rainer; Erb, Bruno; Rast, Bastian

    2013-05-01

    Several studies on tarantulas have claimed that their tarsi could secrete fine silk threads which would provide additional safety lines for maintaining a secure foot-hold on smooth vertical surfaces. This interpretation was seriously questioned by behavioral experiments, and more recently morphological evidence indicated that the alleged spigots ("ribbed hairs") were not secretory but most likely sensory hairs (chemoreceptors). However, since fine structural studies were lacking, the sensory nature was not proven convincingly. By using transmission electron microscopy we here present clear evidence that these "ribbed hairs" contain many dendrites inside the hair lumen - as is the case in the well-known contact chemoreceptors of spiders and insects. For comparison, we also studied the fine structure of regular silk spigots on the spinnerets and found them distinctly different from sensory hairs. Finally, histological studies of a tarantula tarsus did not reveal any silk glands, which, by contrast, are easily found within the spinnerets. In conclusion, the alleged presence of silk spigots on tarantula feet is refuted. PMID:23474440

  5. Examining the evidence: reporter identity, allegation type, and sociodemographic characteristics as predictors of maltreatment substantiation.

    PubMed

    King, Bryn; Lawson, Jennifer; Putnam-Hornstein, Emily

    2013-11-01

    Using linked administrative data from child protection and birth records in California, this study examined whether the mandated status and type of reporter are independent predictors of substantiation among infants and young children across maltreatment types and after adjusting for characteristics of the child and family. Of the 59,413 children born in 2002 who were reported and investigated for maltreatment before the age of 5 years, 26% were substantiated. Reports originating from mandated sources were 2.5 times as likely (95% confidence interval, CI [2.40, 2.60]) to be substantiated as those from nonmandated reporters. Findings demonstrated that children whose allegations were reported by law enforcement, medical professionals, and workers in public agencies were consistently substantiated at higher rates than allegations from other mandated reporters. Results also indicated that the relationship between reporter type and the likelihood of substantiation varied by maltreatment type. Children reported by law enforcement for physical abuse were 6.3 times as likely (95% CI [4.86, 8.04]) to be substantiated as those reported by nonmandated sources. PMID:24121416

  6. Perspective: Innocence and due diligence: managing unfounded allegations of scientific misconduct.

    PubMed

    Goldenring, James R

    2010-03-01

    While the incidence of fraud in science is well documented, issues related to the establishment of innocence in cases of fallacious allegations remain unaddressed. In this article, the author uses his own experience to examine issues that arise when investigators are falsely accused of scientific fraud. Investigators must understand the processes in place to protect themselves against false accusations. The present system takes a position of guilty until proven innocent, a concept that is antithetical to American principles of jurisprudence. Yet this stance is acceptable as a requirement for membership in the scientific community, more reflective of the rules within a guild organization. The necessity for proof of innocence by members of the scientific community carries obligations that transcend normal legal assumptions. Scientists must safeguard their reputations by organizing and maintaining all original image files and data relevant to publications and grant proposals. Investigators must be able to provide clear documentation rapidly whenever concerns are raised during the review process. Moreover, peer-reviewed journals must be diligent not only in the identification of fraud but also in providing rapid due process for adjudication of allegations. The success of the scientific guild rules of conduct lies in the practice of due diligence by both scientists and journal editors in questions of scientific misconduct.

  7. Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls' lived experiences of their everyday lives.

    PubMed

    Einberg, Eva-Lena; Lidell, Evy; Clausson, Eva K

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls' everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13-16 years. The essence of teenage girls' everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls. PMID:26084273

  8. Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls’ lived experiences of their everyday lives

    PubMed Central

    Einberg, Eva-Lena; Lidell, Evy; Clausson, Eva K.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls’ everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13–16 years. The essence of teenage girls’ everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls. PMID:26084273

  9. Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls' lived experiences of their everyday lives.

    PubMed

    Einberg, Eva-Lena; Lidell, Evy; Clausson, Eva K

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls' everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13-16 years. The essence of teenage girls' everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls.

  10. Sexually intrusive behavior among alleged CSA male victims: a prospective study.

    PubMed

    Hershkowitz, Irit

    2014-06-01

    Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) is one widely cited risk factor for Sexually Intrusive Behavior (SIB) among boys. To identify variables that moderate the early onset of SIB in a sample of boys, alleged victims of sexual abuse, the current study involved a prospective examination of all investigations of male CSA victims and those of boys aged under 14 who were suspected of committing SIBs on other children in Israel over a 10-year period. Comparing victims with and without SIB records revealed differences on personal and family factors as well as on the characteristics of abuse. A regression model controlling for age and family factors correctly classified over three quarters of the subjects based on reported experiences of abuse. The data help identify characteristics of the abuse that facilitate the early onset of SIB among male victims of CSA. PMID:23698743

  11. Custody evaluators' beliefs about domestic violence allegations during divorce: feminist and family violence perspectives.

    PubMed

    Haselschwerdt, Megan L; Hardesty, Jennifer L; Hans, Jason D

    2011-05-01

    Approximately, 20% of divorcing couples in the United States require judicial intervention to reach a custody agreement. In such cases, courts often call on child custody evaluators to conduct comprehensive evaluations and recommend custody agreements and services that meet children's best interests. Estimates suggest that allegations of domestic violence (DV) are raised and substantiated in about 75% of these cases. Custody evaluators are thus in a position to ensure that divorcing parents with DV receive effective services and enter into safe custody agreements. They are also in a position to minimize or deny the seriousness of DV and its relevance to custody decisions. The present study uses grounded theory methods to examine how custody evaluators' theoretical perspectives on DV and beliefs about custody disputes in the context of DV are related to their evaluation process and recommendations.

  12. Anticipatory injustice among adolescents: age and racial/ethnic differences in perceived unfairness of the justice system.

    PubMed

    Woolard, Jennifer L; Harvell, Samantha; Graham, Sandra

    2008-01-01

    The present study examines age differences in anticipatory injustice, or the expectation of unfair or discriminatory treatment in the legal system. 1,393 adolescents and young adults from the community or from detention centers and jails were interviewed regarding demographic and justice system experience, intelligence, expectations about fair treatment, and legal decisions. African Americans and Latinos and those with more system experience expected greater injustice across multiple legal contexts. Anticipatory injustice increased with age among African Americans and those with the most system experience. It also predicted choices about police interrogation, attorney consultation, and plea agreements. Anticipations of injustice during adolescence may affect future interactions with court officials as well as more general constructs of legal socialization. PMID:18344171

  13. Self-reported racial discrimination, response to unfair treatment, and coronary calcification in asymptomatic adults - the North Texas Healthy Heart study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Accruing evidence supports the hypothesis that psychosocial factors are related to cardiovascular disease. However, a limited number of studies have investigated the pathophysiologic pathways through which these associations occur. The purpose of this study was to assess whether experiences of self-reported racial discrimination and reactions to unfair treatment were associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC), an indicator of subclinical coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods This cross-sectional study recruited 571 subjects (45 years and older) who were asymptomatic of CHD from Fort Worth, Texas from 2006 to 2008. Subjects completed a questionnaire, a multi-slice computed tomography scan to assess for CAC presence (measured as Agatston score >0), and serum chemistries. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between self-reported discrimination and CAC. Results were stratified by response to unfair treatment as it was found to significantly modify the relationship between discrimination and CAC. Results Among those who passively responded to unfair treatment, the odds of having CAC present were approximately 3 times higher for those experiencing discrimination (OR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.19-7.32) after adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, body mass index, hyperlipidemia, smoking status, hypertension, diabetes, and first degree relative with heart disease. Conclusions This is the first multi-racial/ethnic study to find racial discrimination associated with CAC, which differs based on how one responds to unfair treatment. PMID:20507602

  14. 31 CFR 598.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... control of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 598.408 Section 598.408... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS... narcotics trafficker. (a) A change or alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as...

  15. 31 CFR 536.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 536.408 Section 536.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 536.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  16. 31 CFR 536.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 536.408 Section 536.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 536.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  17. 31 CFR 598.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 598.408 Section 598.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 598.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  18. 31 CFR 598.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 598.408 Section 598.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 598.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  19. 31 CFR 536.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 536.408 Section 536.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 536.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  20. 31 CFR 598.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 598.408 Section 598.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 598.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  1. 31 CFR 536.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... control of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 536.408 Section 536.408... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations... narcotics trafficker. (a) A change or alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as...

  2. 31 CFR 598.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 598.408 Section 598.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 598.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  3. 31 CFR 536.408 - Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of an entity designated as a specially designated narcotics trafficker. 536.408 Section 536.408 Money... CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations § 536.408 Alleged change in ownership or control of an entity designated as a specially designated...

  4. Developmental Differences in the Function and Use of Anatomical Dolls During Interviews with Alleged Sexual Abuse Victims

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thierry, Karen L.; Lamb, Michael E.; Orbach, Yael; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen

    2005-01-01

    The impact of anatomical dolls on reports provided by 3- to 12-year-old alleged sexual abuse victims (N = 178) was examined. Children produced as many details in response to open-ended invitations with and without the dolls. In response to directive questions, the 3- to 6-year-olds were more likely to reenact behaviorally than to report verbally,…

  5. 30 CFR 291.103 - May I use alternative dispute resolution to informally resolve an allegation that open and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... informally resolve an allegation that open and nondiscriminatory access was denied? 291.103 Section 291.103 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPEALS OPEN AND NONDISCRIMINATORY ACCESS TO OIL AND GAS PIPELINES UNDER THE OUTER...

  6. 30 CFR 291.102 - May I call the MMS Hotline to informally resolve an allegation that open and nondiscriminatory...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... resolve an allegation that open and nondiscriminatory access was denied? 291.102 Section 291.102 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPEALS OPEN AND NONDISCRIMINATORY ACCESS TO OIL AND GAS PIPELINES UNDER THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF LANDS...

  7. 49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement..., AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225.12 Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement. (a) Rail...

  8. 49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement..., AND INVESTIGATIONS § 225.12 Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement. (a) Rail...

  9. 9 CFR 381.181 - Reports by consignees of allegedly adulterated or misbranded products; sale or transportation as...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reports by consignees of allegedly adulterated or misbranded products; sale or transportation as violations. 381.181 Section 381.181 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION...

  10. 9 CFR 320.7 - Reports by consignees of allegedly adulterated or misbranded products; sale or transportation as...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reports by consignees of allegedly adulterated or misbranded products; sale or transportation as violations. 320.7 Section 320.7 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION...

  11. The Impact of a History of Child Sexual Abuse on Maternal Response to Allegations of Sexual Abuse Concerning Her Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deblinger, Esther; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Compares nonoffending mothers with and without a history of child sexual abuse (CSA) to the sexual abuse allegations concerning their children. Nonoffending mothers with a history of CSA exhibited more distress and reported greater feelings of aloneness in facing the crisis. However, maternal history of CSA did not differentiate the groups with…

  12. 18 CFR 2.300 - Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. 2.300 Section 2..., abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. Recognizing the potential for an increasing number of intervenor complaints predicated on the fraud, abuse, or similar grounds exception...

  13. 42 CFR 457.232 - Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste, fraud or abuse to the Office of Inspector General. 457.232 Section 457.232 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE...

  14. 42 CFR 447.90 - FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of credible allegations of fraud against the Medicaid program. 447.90 Section 447.90 Public Health... of fraud against the Medicaid program. (a) Basis and purpose. This section implements section 1903(i... fraud except under specified circumstances. (b) Denial of FFP. No FFP is available with respect to...

  15. 42 CFR 447.90 - FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of credible allegations of fraud against the Medicaid program. 447.90 Section 447.90 Public Health... of fraud against the Medicaid program. (a) Basis and purpose. This section implements section 1903(i... fraud except under specified circumstances. (b) Denial of FFP. No FFP is available with respect to...

  16. 42 CFR 447.90 - FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... of credible allegations of fraud against the Medicaid program. 447.90 Section 447.90 Public Health... of fraud against the Medicaid program. (a) Basis and purpose. This section implements section 1903(i... fraud except under specified circumstances. (b) Denial of FFP. No FFP is available with respect to...

  17. 30 CFR 291.103 - May I use alternative dispute resolution to informally resolve an allegation that open and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I use alternative dispute resolution to... alternative dispute resolution to informally resolve an allegation that open and nondiscriminatory access was... parties; (2) The Department's Office of Collaborative Action and Dispute Resolution (CADR); or (3)...

  18. Base Rates, Multiple Indicators, and Comprehensive Forensic Evaluations: Why Sexualized Behavior Still Counts in Assessments of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everson, Mark D.; Faller, Kathleen Coulborn

    2012-01-01

    Developmentally inappropriate sexual behavior has long been viewed as a possible indicator of child sexual abuse. In recent years, however, the utility of sexualized behavior in forensic assessments of alleged child sexual abuse has been seriously challenged. This article addresses a number of the concerns that have been raised about the…

  19. 18 CFR 2.300 - Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. 2.300 Section 2.300 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT...

  20. 18 CFR 2.300 - Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. 2.300 Section 2.300 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT...

  1. 18 CFR 2.300 - Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. 2.300 Section 2.300 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT...

  2. 18 CFR 2.300 - Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Statement of policy concerning allegations of fraud, abuse, or similar grounds under section 601(c) of the NGPA. 2.300 Section 2.300 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT...

  3. 49 CFR 225.12 - Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Reports alleging employee human factor as cause; Employee Human Factor Attachment; notice to employee; employee supplement. 225.12 Section 225.12 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...

  4. 25 CFR 900.210 - If the contractor or contractor's employee receives a summons and/or complaint alleging a non...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... summons and/or complaint alleging a non-medical related tort covered by FTCA, what should an Indian tribe... Provisions Non-Medical Related Claims § 900.210 If the contractor or contractor's employee receives a summons and/or complaint alleging a non-medical related tort covered by FTCA, what should an Indian tribe...

  5. 25 CFR 900.210 - If the contractor or contractor's employee receives a summons and/or complaint alleging a non...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... summons and/or complaint alleging a non-medical related tort covered by FTCA, what should an Indian tribe... Provisions Non-Medical Related Claims § 900.210 If the contractor or contractor's employee receives a summons and/or complaint alleging a non-medical related tort covered by FTCA, what should an Indian tribe...

  6. Report of the South Texas Project Allegations Review Team. Docket Nos. 50-498 and 50-499, Houston Lighting and Power Company et al.

    SciTech Connect

    Kokajko, L.; Skay, D.; Wang, H.; Murphy, D.

    1995-03-01

    This report provides the results of the South Texas Project Allegations Review Team of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This team was formed to obtain and review allegations from individuals represented by three attorneys who had contacted Congressional staff members. The allegers were employed in various capacities at South Texas Project Electric Generating Station, licensed by Houston Lighting and Power Company, et al.; therefore, the allegations are confined to this site. The South Texas Project Allegations Review Team reviewed, referred, and dispositioned concerns related to discriminatory issues (harassment and intimidation), falsification of records and omission of information, and various technical issues. The team was able to substantiate certain technical issues of minor safety significance or regulatory concern at the South Texas Project facility, but it did not find widespread discriminatory practices such as harassment and intimidation.

  7. Nongenital malformations following exposure to progestational drugs: the last chapter of an erroneous allegation.

    PubMed

    Brent, Robert L

    2005-11-01

    In the late 1960s and 1970s, a number of epidemiological studies were published indicating that pregnant women who were exposed to an array of sex steroids delivered infants with an increased incidence of nongenital congenital malformations. Because of these publications, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in conjunction with various pharmaceutical companies, labeled the therapeutic exposure of progestational drugs and contraceptives in pregnant women as a risk factor for limb-reduction defects (LRDs) and congenital heart defects (CHDs). Subsequently there was a rapid decrease in the exposure of pregnant women to these drugs and the initiation of numerous lawsuits alleging that a particular progestational drug was responsible for a child's nongenital congenital malformation. Wilson and Brent (1981) published an article indicating that epidemiological and animal studies of these drugs, and basic science did not support the package insert's warnings. Many new and previous animal and epidemiological studies did not support the FDA box warning. In 1987 the FDA held a hearing in which the FDA, the Teratology Society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and other organizations supported the position that progestational agents did not result in nongenital malformations. An editorial appeared in Teratology congratulating the FDA for removing the warning label on oral contraceptives regarding nongenital malformations. In 1999 the FDA published new wording for package inserts that removed warnings for nongenital malformations for all progestational agents. In spite of the recent changes in the package inserts, lawsuits have alleged that progestational drugs cause nongenital malformations. It took 22 years from the time a box warning was required by the FDA until the warnings were removed in 1999. The 1999 FDA publication, which is a scholarly and objective document, should put an end to 2 decades of concern

  8. On the definition and identifiability of the alleged "hiatus" in global warming.

    PubMed

    Lewandowsky, Stephan; Risbey, James S; Oreskes, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    Recent public debate and the scientific literature have frequently cited a "pause" or "hiatus" in global warming. Yet, multiple sources of evidence show that climate change continues unabated, raising questions about the status of the "hiatus". To examine whether the notion of a "hiatus" is justified by the available data, we first document that there are multiple definitions of the "hiatus" in the literature, with its presumed onset spanning a decade. For each of these definitions we compare the associated temperature trend against trends of equivalent length in the entire record of modern global warming. The analysis shows that the "hiatus" trends are encompassed within the overall distribution of observed trends. We next assess the magnitude and significance of all possible trends up to 25 years duration looking backwards from each year over the past 30 years. At every year during the past 30 years, the immediately preceding warming trend was always significant when 17 years (or more) were included in the calculation, alleged "hiatus" periods notwithstanding. If current definitions of the "pause" used in the literature are applied to the historical record, then the climate system "paused" for more than 1/3 of the period during which temperatures rose 0.6 K. PMID:26597713

  9. On the definition and identifiability of the alleged "hiatus" in global warming.

    PubMed

    Lewandowsky, Stephan; Risbey, James S; Oreskes, Naomi

    2015-11-24

    Recent public debate and the scientific literature have frequently cited a "pause" or "hiatus" in global warming. Yet, multiple sources of evidence show that climate change continues unabated, raising questions about the status of the "hiatus". To examine whether the notion of a "hiatus" is justified by the available data, we first document that there are multiple definitions of the "hiatus" in the literature, with its presumed onset spanning a decade. For each of these definitions we compare the associated temperature trend against trends of equivalent length in the entire record of modern global warming. The analysis shows that the "hiatus" trends are encompassed within the overall distribution of observed trends. We next assess the magnitude and significance of all possible trends up to 25 years duration looking backwards from each year over the past 30 years. At every year during the past 30 years, the immediately preceding warming trend was always significant when 17 years (or more) were included in the calculation, alleged "hiatus" periods notwithstanding. If current definitions of the "pause" used in the literature are applied to the historical record, then the climate system "paused" for more than 1/3 of the period during which temperatures rose 0.6 K.

  10. A Genetic Comparison of Two Alleged Subspecies of Philippine Cynomolgus Macaques

    PubMed Central

    Smith, David Glenn; Ng, Jillian; George, Debra; Trask, Jessica Satkoski; Houghton, Paul; Singh, Balbir; Villano, Jason; Kanthaswamy, Sreetharan

    2014-01-01

    Two subspecies of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are alleged to co-exist in the Philippines, M. f. philippensis in the north and M. f. fascicularis in the south. However, genetic differences between the cynomolgus macaques in the two regions have never been studied to document the propriety of their subspecies status. We genotyped samples of cynomolgus macaques from Batangas in southwestern Luzon and Zamboanga in southwestern Mindanao for 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci and sequenced an 835 bp fragment of the mtDNA of these animals. The STR genotypes were compared with those of cynomolgus macaques from southern Sumatra, Singapore, Mauritius and Cambodia, and the mtDNA sequences of both Philippine populations were compared with those of cynomolgus macaques from southern Sumatra, Indonesia and Sarawak, Malaysia. We conducted STRUCTURE and PCA analyses based on the STRs and constructed a median joining network based on the mtDNA sequences. The Philippine population from Batangas exhibited much less genetic diversity and greater genetic divergence from all other populations, including the Philippine population from Zamboanga. Sequences from both Batangas and Zamboanga were most closely related to two different mtDNA haplotypes from Sarawak from which they are apparently derived. Those from Zamboanga were more recently derived than those from Batangas, consistent with their later arrival in the Philippines. However, clustering analyses do not support a sufficient genetic distinction of cynomolgus macaques from Batangas from other regional populations assigned to subspecies M. f. fascicularis to warrant the subspecies distinction M. f. philippensis. PMID:24979664

  11. [Alleged assault in a forest: An unusual case of self-inflicted blunt injury].

    PubMed

    Kunz, Sebastian Niko; Tutsch-Bauer, Edith

    2014-01-01

    The medico-legal assessment of potentially self-inflicted injuries is an important field of clinical forensic medicine. Compared with sharp force injuries, it is much more difficult to distinguish blunt injuries caused by another party from self-inflicted lesions. We present a case of a young female doctor, who was allegedly attacked by an unknown stranger during her evening walk in the woods. She claimed to have been hit repeatedly on the head and arms with a stone. During the forensic investigation, blunt injuries could be confirmed on her head and forearms. Based on the arrangement and intensity of the injuries, together with the result of a bloodstain pattern analysis of the weapon, the victim's statement could be disproved. After being confronted with the results of the investigation, the woman admitted to have inflicted the injuries herself. This case is an unusual and rare example of self-inflicted blunt injury. It shows that the criteria of self-inflicted injuries can also be applied to blunt trauma. However, due to the small number of cases, a high degree of caution is required from the forensic expert. PMID:26548021

  12. On the definition and identifiability of the alleged “hiatus” in global warming

    PubMed Central

    Lewandowsky, Stephan; Risbey, James S.; Oreskes, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    Recent public debate and the scientific literature have frequently cited a “pause” or “hiatus” in global warming. Yet, multiple sources of evidence show that climate change continues unabated, raising questions about the status of the “hiatus”. To examine whether the notion of a “hiatus” is justified by the available data, we first document that there are multiple definitions of the “hiatus” in the literature, with its presumed onset spanning a decade. For each of these definitions we compare the associated temperature trend against trends of equivalent length in the entire record of modern global warming. The analysis shows that the “hiatus” trends are encompassed within the overall distribution of observed trends. We next assess the magnitude and significance of all possible trends up to 25 years duration looking backwards from each year over the past 30 years. At every year during the past 30 years, the immediately preceding warming trend was always significant when 17 years (or more) were included in the calculation, alleged “hiatus” periods notwithstanding. If current definitions of the “pause” used in the literature are applied to the historical record, then the climate system “paused” for more than 1/3 of the period during which temperatures rose 0.6 K. PMID:26597713

  13. [Alleged assault in a forest: An unusual case of self-inflicted blunt injury].

    PubMed

    Kunz, Sebastian Niko; Tutsch-Bauer, Edith

    2014-01-01

    The medico-legal assessment of potentially self-inflicted injuries is an important field of clinical forensic medicine. Compared with sharp force injuries, it is much more difficult to distinguish blunt injuries caused by another party from self-inflicted lesions. We present a case of a young female doctor, who was allegedly attacked by an unknown stranger during her evening walk in the woods. She claimed to have been hit repeatedly on the head and arms with a stone. During the forensic investigation, blunt injuries could be confirmed on her head and forearms. Based on the arrangement and intensity of the injuries, together with the result of a bloodstain pattern analysis of the weapon, the victim's statement could be disproved. After being confronted with the results of the investigation, the woman admitted to have inflicted the injuries herself. This case is an unusual and rare example of self-inflicted blunt injury. It shows that the criteria of self-inflicted injuries can also be applied to blunt trauma. However, due to the small number of cases, a high degree of caution is required from the forensic expert.

  14. Can People With Intellectual Disability Resist Implications of Fault When Police Question Their Allegations of Sexual Assault and Rape?

    PubMed

    Antaki, Charles; Richardson, Emma; Stokoe, Elizabeth; Willott, Sara

    2015-10-01

    When people alleging sexual assault are interviewed by police, their accounts are tested to see if they would stand up in court. Some tests are in the form of tendentious questions carrying implications (e.g., that the sex was consensual) damaging to the complainant's allegation. In a qualitative analysis of 19 English police interviews with people with intellectual disability (ID) defined in a variety of ways, we show how people with ID deal with the pragmatic complexity of such tendentious questions. We give examples in which the complainants detect and resist the questions' damaging implications; but we focus on occasions when the complainants do not do so. We discuss the use of tendentious questions in the light of national United Kingdom guidelines on the treatment of vulnerable witnesses. PMID:26458170

  15. Forensic Interviews for Child Sexual Abuse Allegations: An Investigation into the Effects of Animal-Assisted Intervention on Stress Biomarkers.

    PubMed

    Krause-Parello, Cheryl A; Gulick, Elsie E

    2015-01-01

    The use of therapy animals during forensic interviews for child sexual abuse allegations is a recommendation by the Therapy Animals Supporting Kids Program to help ease children's discomfort during the forensic interview process. Based on this recommendation, this study incorporated a certified therapy canine into the forensic interview process for child sexual abuse allegations. This study investigated changes in salivary cortisol, immunoglobulin A, blood pressure, and heart rate as a result of forensic interview phenomenon (e.g., outcry) incorporating animal-assisted intervention versus a control condition in children (N = 42) interviewed for alleged child sexual abuse. The results supported significantly greater heart rate values for the control group (n = 23) who experienced sexual contact and/or indecency than the experience of aggravated sexual assault compared to no difference in HR for the intervention group (n = 19). The results suggest that the presence of the canine in the forensic interview may have acted as a buffer or safeguard for the children when disclosing details of sexual abuse. In the intervention group, children's HR was lower at the start of the forensic interview compared to the control group. Finding an effect of having a certified handler-canine team available during the forensic interview on physiological measures of stress has real-world value for children, child welfare personnel, and clinical therapists. It is suggested that animal-assisted intervention be expanded to children facing other types of trauma and to treatment programs for child survivors of sexual abuse.

  16. The Social Power of Regret: The Effect of Social Appraisal and Anticipated Emotions on Fair and Unfair Allocations in Resource Dilemmas

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    We investigated how another person’s emotions about resource allocation decisions influence observers’ resource allocations by influencing the emotions that observers anticipate feeling if they were to act in the same way. Participants were exposed to an exemplar who made a fair or unfair division in an economic game and expressed pride or regret about this decision. Participants then made their own resource allocation decisions. Exemplar regret about acting fairly decreased the incidence of fair behavior (Studies 1A and 1B). Likewise, exemplar regret about acting unfairly increased the incidence of fair behavior (Study 2). The effect of others’ emotions on observers’ behavior was mediated by the observers’ anticipated emotions. We discuss our findings in light of the view that social appraisal and anticipated emotions are important tools for social learning and may contribute to the formation and maintenance of social norms about greed and fairness. PMID:25384163

  17. The social power of regret: the effect of social appraisal and anticipated emotions on fair and unfair allocations in resource dilemmas.

    PubMed

    van der Schalk, Job; Kuppens, Toon; Bruder, Martin; Manstead, Antony S R

    2015-02-01

    We investigated how another person's emotions about resource allocation decisions influence observers' resource allocations by influencing the emotions that observers anticipate feeling if they were to act in the same way. Participants were exposed to an exemplar who made a fair or unfair division in an economic game and expressed pride or regret about this decision. Participants then made their own resource allocation decisions. Exemplar regret about acting fairly decreased the incidence of fair behavior (Studies 1A and 1B). Likewise, exemplar regret about acting unfairly increased the incidence of fair behavior (Study 2). The effect of others' emotions on observers' behavior was mediated by the observers' anticipated emotions. We discuss our findings in light of the view that social appraisal and anticipated emotions are important tools for social learning and may contribute to the formation and maintenance of social norms about greed and fairness.

  18. 28 CFR 68.1 - Scope of rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Judges of the Executive Office for Immigration Review, United States Department of Justice, with regard to unlawful employment cases under section 274A of the INA, unfair immigration-related employment... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.1 Scope of rules....

  19. The role of computer networking in investigating unusual disease outbreaks and allegations of biological and toxin weapons use.

    PubMed

    Woodall, J

    1998-01-01

    Computer networking can aid in the epidemiological investigation of unusual disease outbreaks and possible uses of biological weapons. Exchange of computerized data over the Internet has many advantages in facilitating the investigation of the source of a disease outbreak. It is especially useful in the investigation of suspected or alleged releases of biological weapons. Computer networking through the Internet a fosters a truly global disease outbreak early warning system in which both government and non-government sources are contributing. Such information exchange is of great potential benefit to the Biological Weapons Convention and the attempts to develop a verification protocol. PMID:9800103

  20. Injuries and allegations of oral rape: A retrospective review of patients presenting to a London sexual assault referral centre.

    PubMed

    Brew-Graves, Emmeline; Morgan, Louise

    2015-08-01

    A retrospective review was carried out of patients seen at the Haven sexual assault referral centre in South East London between January 2009 and September 2010 to determine the frequency and nature of oral injuries found in people reporting oral rape. Ninety five eligible patients were identified and relevant information was extracted from standardised Haven forms completed during forensic medical examination. The main outcome measures were prevalence, type and location of oral injury. Eighteen (19%) were found to have sustained an oral injury. The most common injury was abrasions, followed by bruising and petechiae. The lips were the most common site of injury followed by the soft palate and the inside of the cheeks. It was concluded that injuries in the mouth were not common after an allegation of oral rape. Injuries were minor and did not require treatment.

  1. Critical control points for foods prepared in households whose members had either alleged typhoid fever or diarrhea.

    PubMed

    Michanie, S; Bryan, F L; Alvarez, P; Olivo, A B; Paniagua, A

    1988-10-01

    Hazard analysis of food preparation practices were conducted in four households and eleven others were visited to survey both food preparation practices and environmental conditions. Households selected had members who were suffering from either diarrhea of unknown etiology or alleged typhoid fever. Hazard analyses and sanitary surveys included gathering data on time-temperature exposures of foods, collecting samples of food and drinking water, sampling sewage or drains, and obtaining stool specimens from persons with diarrhea and from family controls. Food samples were tested for aerobic mesophilic colony counts and common foodborne pathogens; specimens were tested for Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and Yersinia. Campylobacter was isolated from two persons purported to have diarrhea, but neither Salmonella, Shigella nor Yersinia were recovered from alleged cases or controls. Salmonella agona was recovered from a latrine. Most foods were cooked to internal temperatures to or near to boiling. Those not promptly eaten were held at ambient room or outside temperatures until a subsequent meal, until a family member returned home, or until lunch time when taken to the fields. During these intervals, microorganisms multiplied and mesophilic aerobic organisms increased often reaching 10(8)/g or greater before consumption. None of these foods were reheated before eating. Bacillus cereus was isolated from 4 of 10 samples; one sample of 'moro' (beans and rice) exceeded 10(6)/g, two other samples exceeded 10(3)/g. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 7 of 14 samples, one exceeded 10(5)/g. Fecal coliforms were isolated from 8 of 14 food samples, five exceeded 10(5)/g. Neither Salmonella nor Shigella were isolated from any food, the community water supplies or from vessels of water within houses. Fecal coliform counts of water were less than 3/ml, except one sample from a clay vessel (9/ml). Risks associated with cooked foods which were not promptly eaten appeared to be

  2. 30 CFR 285.108 - When must I notify MMS if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When must I notify MMS if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt? 285.108 Section 285.108 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATE USES OF...

  3. 30 CFR 585.108 - When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt? 585.108 Section 585.108 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES...

  4. 30 CFR 585.108 - When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt? 585.108 Section 585.108 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES...

  5. 30 CFR 585.108 - When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When must I notify BOEM if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt? 585.108 Section 585.108 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ALTERNATE USES...

  6. 30 CFR 285.108 - When must I notify MMS if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When must I notify MMS if an action has been filed alleging that I am insolvent or bankrupt? 285.108 Section 285.108 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, REGULATION, AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE...

  7. 29 CFR 458.54 - Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline. 458.54 Section 458... Involving Bill of Rights Or Prohibited Discipline § 458.54 Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline....

  8. 29 CFR 458.54 - Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline. 458.54 Section 458... Involving Bill of Rights Or Prohibited Discipline § 458.54 Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline....

  9. 29 CFR 458.54 - Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline. 458.54 Section 458... Involving Bill of Rights Or Prohibited Discipline § 458.54 Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline....

  10. 29 CFR 458.54 - Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline. 458.54 Section 458... Involving Bill of Rights Or Prohibited Discipline § 458.54 Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline....

  11. 29 CFR 458.54 - Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline. 458.54 Section 458... Involving Bill of Rights Or Prohibited Discipline § 458.54 Complaints alleging violations of § 458.2, Bill of rights of members of labor organization, or § 458.37, prohibition of certain discipline....

  12. The National Council of Churches' Alleged Leftist Bias: To What Degree Did Two Major Media Set the Agenda for Debate on the Issue?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Richard H.

    In January 1983, the American public read or saw hard-hitting allegations of leftist bias by the National Council of Churches (NCC) in the largest circulation magazine, "Reader's Digest," and on the top-rated television program, "60 Minutes." A study examined the extent to which the media set the agenda for debate on this issue. It was…

  13. Diagnosis of torture after 32 years: assessment of three alleged torture victims during the 1980 military coup in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Unuvar, Umit; Ulas, Halis; Fincanci, Sebnem Korur

    2014-11-01

    Torture is a crime against humanity and it is frequently encountered in countries that have a history of military intervention such as Turkey. Torture still exists despite absolute prohibition by human rights and humanitarian law. More than 1 million people were tortured in Turkey since 1980 coup d'état. Documentation of medical evidence is a prominent step for prevention of torture. Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Protocol) provides international standards for medical documentation of torture. A holistic approach to trauma stories together with physical and psychological findings has been the main frame of the Protocol. The aim of this study is to discuss physicians' responsibility for prevention of torture, and to emphasize the importance of holistic approach to the assessment of particularly chronic patients. A team of two forensic medicine experts and a psychiatrist examined three male patients, who allegedly had been tortured severely during the 1980 military coup. The team arranged necessary referrals and diagnostic examinations. After conducting a comprehensive medical examination, some physical and psychological findings of trauma were observed and documented even after 32 years. The medico-legal evaluation and documentation of these cases many years after torture under the guidance of Istanbul Protocol were presented and significance of psychological assessment was especially emphasized. Furthermore, possible evidence of torture after a long period and physicians' responsibility for prevention of torture is discussed.

  14. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy induces misfolding of alleged prion-resistant species cellular prion protein without altering its pathobiological features.

    PubMed

    Vidal, Enric; Fernández-Borges, Natalia; Pintado, Belén; Ordóñez, Montserrat; Márquez, Mercedes; Fondevila, Dolors; Torres, Juan María; Pumarola, Martí; Castilla, Joaquín

    2013-05-01

    Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) prions were responsible for an unforeseen epizootic in cattle which had a vast social, economic, and public health impact. This was primarily because BSE prions were found to be transmissible to humans. Other species were also susceptible to BSE either by natural infection (e.g., felids, caprids) or in experimental settings (e.g., sheep, mice). However, certain species closely related to humans, such as canids and leporids, were apparently resistant to BSE. In vitro prion amplification techniques (saPMCA) were used to successfully misfold the cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) of these allegedly resistant species into a BSE-type prion protein. The biochemical and biological properties of the new prions generated in vitro after seeding rabbit and dog brain homogenates with classical BSE were studied. Pathobiological features of the resultant prion strains were determined after their inoculation into transgenic mice expressing bovine and human PrP(C). Strain characteristics of the in vitro-adapted rabbit and dog BSE agent remained invariable with respect to the original cattle BSE prion, suggesting that the naturally low susceptibility of rabbits and dogs to prion infections should not alter their zoonotic potential if these animals became infected with BSE. This study provides a sound basis for risk assessment regarding prion diseases in purportedly resistant species.

  15. Child abduction: aged-based analyses of offender, victim, and offense characteristics in 550 cases of alleged child disappearance.

    PubMed

    Boudreaux, M C; Lord, W D; Dutra, R L

    1999-05-01

    Crimes against children, particularly cases involving abduction and/or homicide, continue to be problematic as both a social phenomenon and judicial responsibility. Such cases routinely receive immense community and media attention and rapidly overwhelm investigative resources. Research in the area of childhood victimization, however, has only recently gained national prominence. While numerous studies on child abuse and neglect have been conducted, research on child abduction and homicide remains scant. Previous studies examining child abduction suffer from limited geographical scope or fail to base predictive analyses on victim characteristics. The current study reports the results of a nationally representative sample (47 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico) of 550 cases of alleged child abduction obtained from Federal Bureau of Investigation files for the period 1985 through 1995. Study results demonstrate that both offender and offense characteristics vary significantly according to victim age, gender, and race. Such differences appear critical to crime reconstruction, criminal profiling, and investigative resolution. Additionally, these data suggest that current child abduction prevention programs may emphasize inaccurate offender traits.

  16. Understanding mass allegations of satanist child abuse in early modern Sweden: demographic data relevant to the Rättvik outbreak of 1670-1671.

    PubMed

    Sjöberg, Rickard L

    2003-02-01

    Demographic characteristics of 79 women who were accused of satanist child abductions in the parish of Rättvik, Sweden, in 1670-1671; 53 adults who promoted such accusations by bringing children to interrogations; and samples from the general population of Rättvik were compared. Results indicate that men were more likely to promote allegations of satanism than women and that these men were more likely to be married than the average Rättvik male. Promoters of allegations were older than average parishioners, and land-owning people who were involved in the panic owned more land than landowners who were not involved. People who were involved in the panic knew less about Luther's catechism than members of the general population. It is suggested that most of these findings may reflect a tendency of people who lived in the proximity of children to become involved in the panic.

  17. A U-system approach for predicting metabolic behaviors and responses based on an alleged metabolic reaction network

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Progress in systems biology offers sophisticated approaches toward a comprehensive understanding of biological systems. Yet, computational analyses are held back due to difficulties in determining suitable model parameter values from experimental data which naturally are subject to biological fluctuations. The data may also be corrupted by experimental uncertainties and sometimes do not contain all information regarding variables that cannot be measured for technical reasons. Results We show here a streamlined approach for the construction of a coarse model that allows us to set up dynamic models with minimal input information. The approach uses a hybrid between a pure mass action system and a generalized mass action (GMA) system in the framework of biochemical systems theory (BST) with rate constants of 1, normal kinetic orders of 1, and -0.5 and 0.5 for inhibitory and activating effects, named Unity (U)-system. The U-system model does not necessarily fit all data well but is often sufficient for predicting metabolic behavior of metabolites which cannot be simultaneously measured, identifying inconsistencies between experimental data and the assumed underlying pathway structure, as well as predicting system responses to a modification of gene or enzyme. The U-system approach was validated with small, generic systems and implemented to model a large-scale metabolic reaction network of a higher plant, Arabidopsis. The dynamic behaviors obtained by predictive simulations agreed with actually available metabolomic time-series data, identified probable errors in the experimental datasets, and estimated probable behavior of unmeasurable metabolites in a qualitative manner. The model could also predict metabolic responses of Arabidopsis with altered network structures due to genetic modification. Conclusions The U-system approach can effectively predict metabolic behaviors and responses based on structures of an alleged metabolic reaction network. Thus, it can

  18. [Alleged suicide by insulin].

    PubMed

    Birngruber, Christoph G; Krüll, Ralf; Dettmeyer, Reinhard; Verhoff, Marcel A

    2015-01-01

    A 26-year-old man, who was on probation, was found dead in his home by his mother. Insulin vials and 2 insulin pens, which the man's stepfather (an insulin-dependent diabetic) had been missing for over a week, were found next to the deceased. The circumstances suggested suicide by an injected insulin overdose. At the time of the autopsy, the corpse showed already marked signs of autolysis. Clinical chemical tests confirmed the injection of insulin, but indicated hyperglycemia at the time of death. Toxicological analyses revealed that the man had consumed amphetamine, cannabinoids, and tramadol in the recent past. Histological examination finally revealed extensive bronchopneumonia as the cause of death. The most plausible explanation for the results of the autopsy and the additional examinations was an injection of insulin as a failed attempt of self-treatment. It is conceivable that the man had discovered by a rapid test that he was a diabetic, but had decided not to go to a doctor to avoid disclosure of parole violation due to continued drug abuse. He may have misinterpreted the symptoms caused by his worsening bronchitis and the developing bronchopneumonia as symptoms of a diabetic metabolic status and may have felt compelled to treat himself with insulin. PMID:26419091

  19. 28 CFR 68.18 - Discovery-general provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.18..., including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents,...

  20. 28 CFR 68.18 - Discovery-general provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.18..., including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents,...

  1. 28 CFR 68.18 - Discovery-general provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.18..., including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents,...

  2. 28 CFR 68.18 - Discovery-general provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.18..., including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents,...

  3. 28 CFR 68.18 - Discovery-general provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.18..., including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents,...

  4. 20 CFR 655.24 - Audits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Employment in Occupations Other Than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B Workers... Special Counsel for Unfair Immigration Related Employment Practices. Effective Date Note: At 77 FR...

  5. 20 CFR 655.30 - Supervised recruitment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Temporary Employment in Occupations Other Than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B... Counsel for Unfair Immigration Related Employment Practices. § 655.30, Nt. Effective Date Note: At 77...

  6. 20 CFR 655.30 - Supervised recruitment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Temporary Employment in Occupations Other Than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B... Justice, Civil Rights Division, Office of Special Counsel for Unfair Immigration Related...

  7. 20 CFR 655.30 - Supervised recruitment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Temporary Employment in Occupations Other Than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B... Justice, Civil Rights Division, Office of Special Counsel for Unfair Immigration Related...

  8. The Continuum of Disclosure: Exploring Factors Predicting Tentative Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations During Forensic Interviews and the Implications for Practice, Policy, and Future Research.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Gwendolyn D

    2016-01-01

    When a child sexual abuse investigation ensues, many children do not disclose readily to professionals. Defining disclosure beyond the disclosure versus nondisclosure dichotomy is essential, yet little research exists on factors associated with a continuum of disclosure, including active and tentative disclosure. Through the coding of 196 forensic interviews using content analysis and subsequent regression analysis, findings suggest that children of color, children abused by adults, unintentional initial disclosure, and those lacking family support were more likely to tentatively disclose in this study. Implications include a need to understand tentative disclosure as part of a normal continuum of disclosure within court proceedings and investigations of abuse allegations. PMID:27266535

  9. Travel- and immigration-related problems in rheumatology.

    PubMed

    Adizie, T; Adebajo, A O

    2014-12-01

    Health problems are self-reported by up to 64% of travellers to the developing world. Traditionally, rheumatic symptoms are accorded little significance, but many travellers do return home with musculoskeletal complaints. The assessment of these patients is often hindered by the Western clinician's lack of familiarity with the types of infections that the patient may have encountered while travelling. Standard serological tests for autoimmune diseases can be unreliable in the setting of concomitant tropical infection, and these infections themselves can have musculoskeletal manifestations. Even in the absence of tropical infection, laboratory investigation of musculoskeletal symptoms in individuals of different ethnicities is challenging due to genetic and physiological variation. This review focusses on addressing the impact global migration has had on rheumatological clinical practice.

  10. Further analysis of the neuropharmacological profile of 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine (THA), and alleged drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease

    SciTech Connect

    Drukarch, B.; Leysen, J.E.; Stoof, J.C.

    1988-01-01

    In a recent study the authors have documented the acetylcholinesterase and outward K+-current inhibiting activity of 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine (THA), a drug reportedly active in the treatment of Alzheimer patients. In the present study they have investigated the effects of THA on the uptake and release of radiolabeled NA, DA and 5-HT. THA concentration-dependently inhibited the uptake of these monoamines with IC-50 values of approximately 1, 7 and 2 ..mu..M respectively. Release studies of these radiolabeled monoamines from control and reserpine pretreated tissue revealed that the THA-induced uptake inhibition does not occur at the level of the axonal membrane but at the level of the monoaminergic storage granules. In addition the affinity of THA for alpha-1, alpha-2 and beta-adrenoceptors, for D-2 dopamine, S-la and S-2 serotonin and for muscarinic receptors was investigated. It appeared that in concentrations up to 1 ..mu..M THA did not display any affinity towards these receptors. It is concluded from these experiments that the effects of THA on monoaminergic neurotransmission might contribute to the alleged therapeutic action of THA in Alzheimer's disease. 17 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

  11. Statement on access to relevant medical and other health records and relevant legal records for forensic medical evaluations of alleged torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

    PubMed

    Alempijevic, D; Beriashvili, R; Beynon, J; Duque, M; Duterte, P; Fernando, R; Fincanci, S; Hansen, S; Hardi, L; Hougen, H; Iacopino, V; Mendonça, M; Modvig, J; Mendez, M; Özkalipci, Ö; Payne-James, J; Peel, M; Rasmussen, O; Reyes, H; Rogde, S; Sajantila, A; Treue, F; Vanezis, P; Vieira, D

    2013-04-01

    In some jurisdictions attempts have been made to limit or deny access to medical records for victims of torture seeking remedy or reparations or for individuals who have been accused of crimes based on confessions allegedly extracted under torture. The following article describes the importance of full disclosure of all medical and other health records, as well as legal documents, in any case in which an individual alleges that they have been subjected to torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment. A broad definition of what must be included in the terms medical and health records is put forward, and an overview of why their full disclosure is an integral part of international standards for the investigation and documentation of torture (the Istanbul Protocol). The fact that medical records may reveal the complicity or direct participation of healthcare professionals in acts of torture and other ill-treatment is discussed. A summary of international law and medical ethics surrounding the right of access to personal information, especially health information in connection with allegations of torture is also given. PMID:23472795

  12. Statement on access to relevant medical and other health records and relevant legal records for forensic medical evaluations of alleged torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

    PubMed

    Alempijevic, D; Beriashvili, R; Beynon, J; Duque, M; Duterte, P; Fernando, R; Fincanci, S; Hansen, S; Hardi, L; Hougen, H; Iacopino, V; Mendonça, M; Modvig, J; Mendez, M; Özkalipci, Ö; Payne-James, J; Peel, M; Rasmussen, O; Reyes, H; Rogde, S; Sajantila, A; Treue, F; Vanezis, P; Vieira, D

    2013-04-01

    In some jurisdictions attempts have been made to limit or deny access to medical records for victims of torture seeking remedy or reparations or for individuals who have been accused of crimes based on confessions allegedly extracted under torture. The following article describes the importance of full disclosure of all medical and other health records, as well as legal documents, in any case in which an individual alleges that they have been subjected to torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment. A broad definition of what must be included in the terms medical and health records is put forward, and an overview of why their full disclosure is an integral part of international standards for the investigation and documentation of torture (the Istanbul Protocol). The fact that medical records may reveal the complicity or direct participation of healthcare professionals in acts of torture and other ill-treatment is discussed. A summary of international law and medical ethics surrounding the right of access to personal information, especially health information in connection with allegations of torture is also given.

  13. An incest case with three biological brothers as alleged fathers: Even 22 autosomal STR loci analysis would not suffice without the mother.

    PubMed

    Canturk, Kemal Murat; Emre, Ramazan; Gurkan, Cemal; Komur, Ilhami; Muslumanoglu, Omer; Dogan, Muhammed

    2016-07-01

    Here, we report an incest paternity case involving three biological brothers as alleged fathers (AFs), their biological sister and her child that was investigated using the Investigator ESSplex Plus, AmpFLSTR Identifiler Plus/Investigator IDplex Plus and PowerPlex 16 kits. Initial duo paternity investigations using 15-loci autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) analyses failed to exclude any of the AFs. Despite the fact that one of the brothers, AF1, had a mismatch with the child at a single locus (D2S1338), the possibility of a single-step mutation could not be ruled out. When the number of autosomal STR loci analysed was increased to 22 without the inclusion of the mother, AF2 and AF3 still could not be excluded, since both of them again had no mismatches with the child. A breakthrough was possible only upon inclusion of the mother so that trio paternity investigations were carried out. This time AF1 and AF2 could be excluded at two loci (D2S1338 and D1S1656) and six loci (vWa, D1S1656, D12S391, FGA, PENTA E and PENTA D), respectively, and AF3 was then the only brother who could not be excluded from paternity. Subsequent statistical analyses suggested that AF3 could be the biological father of the child with a combined paternity index >100 billion and a probability of paternity >99.99999999%. These findings consolidate the fact that complex paternity cases such as those involving incest could benefit more from the inclusion of the mother than simply increasing the number of STR loci analysed.

  14. Contrasting Geographical Distributions as a Result of Thermal Tolerance and Long-Distance Dispersal in Two Allegedly Widespread Tropical Brown Algae

    PubMed Central

    Tronholm, Ana; Leliaert, Frederik; Sansón, Marta; Afonso-Carrillo, Julio; Tyberghein, Lennert; Verbruggen, Heroen; De Clerck, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    Background Many tropical marine macroalgae are reported from all three ocean basins, though these very wide distributions may simply be an artifact resulting from inadequate taxonomy that fails to take into account cryptic diversity. Alternatively, pantropical distributions challenge the belief of limited intrinsic dispersal capacity of marine seaweeds and the effectiveness of the north-south oriented continents as dispersal barriers. We aimed to re-assess the distribution of two allegedly circumtropical brown algae, Dictyota ciliolata and D. crenulata, and interpret the realized geographical range of the respective species in relation to their thermal tolerance and major tectonic and climatic events during the Cenozoic. Methodology/Principal Findings Species delimitation was based on 184 chloroplast encoded psbA sequences, using a Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent method. Phylogenetic relationships were inferred by analyzing a six-gene dataset. Divergence times were estimated using relaxed molecular clock methods and published calibration data. Distribution ranges of the species were inferred from DNA-confirmed records, complemented with credible literature data and herbarium vouchers. Temperature tolerances of the species were determined by correlating distribution records with local SST values. We found considerable conflict between traditional and DNA-based species definitions. Dictyota crenulata consists of several pseudocryptic species, which have restricted distributions in the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Central America. In contrast, the pantropical distribution of D. ciliolata is confirmed and linked to its significantly wider temperature tolerance. Conclusions/Significance Tectonically driven rearrangements of physical barriers left an unequivocal imprint on the current diversity patterns of marine macroalgae, as witnessed by the D. crenulata–complex. The nearly circumglobal tropical distribution of D. ciliolata, however, demonstrates that the north

  15. Moral reasoning: hints and allegations.

    PubMed

    Paxton, Joseph M; Greene, Joshua D

    2010-07-01

    Recent research in moral psychology highlights the role of emotion and intuition in moral judgment. In the wake of these findings, the role and significance of moral reasoning remain uncertain. In this article, we distinguish among different kinds of moral reasoning and review evidence suggesting that at least some kinds of moral reasoning play significant roles in moral judgment, including roles in abandoning moral intuitions in the absence of justifying reasons, applying both deontological and utilitarian moral principles, and counteracting automatic tendencies toward bias that would otherwise dominate behavior. We argue that little is known about the psychology of moral reasoning and that it may yet prove to be a potent social force. PMID:25163874

  16. Physicist cleared of spying allegations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2015-10-01

    The US Department of Justice has announced it will not prosecute Xiaoxing Xi - a former chair of Temple University's physics department - for sharing information on sensitive technology with Chinese colleagues.

  17. Moral reasoning: hints and allegations.

    PubMed

    Paxton, Joseph M; Greene, Joshua D

    2010-07-01

    Recent research in moral psychology highlights the role of emotion and intuition in moral judgment. In the wake of these findings, the role and significance of moral reasoning remain uncertain. In this article, we distinguish among different kinds of moral reasoning and review evidence suggesting that at least some kinds of moral reasoning play significant roles in moral judgment, including roles in abandoning moral intuitions in the absence of justifying reasons, applying both deontological and utilitarian moral principles, and counteracting automatic tendencies toward bias that would otherwise dominate behavior. We argue that little is known about the psychology of moral reasoning and that it may yet prove to be a potent social force.

  18. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness.

    PubMed

    Brosnan, Sarah F; de Waal, Frans B M

    2014-10-17

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  19. Unfair Labor Practices in the Academic Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holway, Loretta W.; O'Donnell, Thomas L. P.

    1974-01-01

    The scope of individual employee rights to engage in activities under the National Labor Relations Act and the concomitant restrictions on employer actions, as interpreted in decisions of the National Labor Relations Board and the courts, are examined on the premise that college administrators are well-advised to understand them. (JT)

  20. Why Television Advertising Is Deceptive and Unfair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsen, Rose K.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses many topics, including proposals to limit television advertisers' access to children; the dependence of television commercials on involuntary, mnemonic learning; the way television commercials' bypassing of rationality is aided by cognitive processing of music, rhythms, and familiar sensory events; and ideas for correcting the damage…

  1. 75 FR 13429 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ... government will be established. The FLRA will play a prominent role in providing services, i.e., training... revisions is to restore the Office of the General Counsel's (OGC) role in facilitating the resolution of... reestablish the OGC's leadership role in providing guidance on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)...

  2. 75 FR 5003 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-01

    ... the Federal government will be established. The FLRA will play a prominent role in providing services... to clarify the Office of the General Counsel's (OGC) role in facilitating the resolution of disputes... establish the OGC's leadership role in providing guidance on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)...

  3. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness

    PubMed Central

    Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2015-01-01

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  4. 16 CFR 435.1 - The rule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES MAIL OR TELEPHONE ORDER MERCHANDISE § 435.1 The... defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it constitutes an unfair method of competition, and an unfair... action brought by the Federal Trade Commission, alleging a violation of this part, the failure of...

  5. 16 CFR 435.1 - The rule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES MAIL OR TELEPHONE ORDER MERCHANDISE § 435.1 The... defined in the Federal Trade Commission Act, it constitutes an unfair method of competition, and an unfair... action brought by the Federal Trade Commission, alleging a violation of this part, the failure of...

  6. 28 CFR 68.31 - Separation of functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Separation of functions. 68.31 Section 68.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.31 Separation...

  7. 28 CFR 68.31 - Separation of functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Separation of functions. 68.31 Section 68.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.31 Separation...

  8. 28 CFR 68.31 - Separation of functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Separation of functions. 68.31 Section 68.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.31 Separation...

  9. 28 CFR 68.31 - Separation of functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Separation of functions. 68.31 Section 68.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.31 Separation...

  10. 28 CFR 68.31 - Separation of functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Separation of functions. 68.31 Section 68.31 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.31 Separation...

  11. 28 CFR 68.8 - Time computations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Time computations. 68.8 Section 68.8... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.8 Time computations. (a) Generally. In computing any period of time under these rules or in an order issued hereunder, the...

  12. 28 CFR 68.8 - Time computations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Time computations. 68.8 Section 68.8... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.8 Time computations. (a) Generally. In computing any period of time under these rules or in an order issued hereunder, the...

  13. 28 CFR 68.8 - Time computations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Time computations. 68.8 Section 68.8... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.8 Time computations. (a) Generally. In computing any period of time under these rules or in an order issued hereunder, the...

  14. 28 CFR 68.8 - Time computations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Time computations. 68.8 Section 68.8... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.8 Time computations. (a) Generally. In computing any period of time under these rules or in an order issued hereunder, the...

  15. 28 CFR 68.46 - Authenticity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authenticity. 68.46 Section 68.46... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.46 Authenticity. The authenticity of all documents submitted as proposed exhibits in advance of the hearing shall be deemed...

  16. 28 CFR 68.34 - Legal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.34 Legal assistance. The... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Legal assistance. 68.34 Section 68.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE...

  17. 28 CFR 68.34 - Legal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.34 Legal assistance. The... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Legal assistance. 68.34 Section 68.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE...

  18. 28 CFR 68.34 - Legal assistance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.34 Legal assistance. The... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Legal assistance. 68.34 Section 68.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE...

  19. 28 CFR 68.49 - Closing the record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Closing the record. 68.49 Section 68.49... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.49 Closing the record. (a) When there is a hearing, the record shall be closed at the conclusion of the hearing unless...

  20. Job Discrimination. A Curriculum Packet about Immigration-Related Job Discrimination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, Andrea; Wright, Peggy

    A curriculum packet is presented that is designed to give English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers the information and tools they need to help students address the issue of job discrimination, especially discrimination based on citizenship status or national origin that may result from the employer verification requirement of the Immigration…

  1. State of Outrage: Immigrant-Related Legislation and Education in Arizona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Jeanne M.; Williams, Tiffany R.

    2012-01-01

    In April 2010, Arizona made national headlines when Governor Jan Brewer signed SB 1070, the "Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act" which was aimed at deterring illegal immigration to Arizona. SB 1070 is the most prominent of a series of laws and other state policies targeting immigrants in Arizona that date back to the late…

  2. Semantic Models of Host-Immigrant Relations in Norwegian Education Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garthus-Niegel, Kristian; Oppedal, Brit; Vike, Halvard

    2016-01-01

    Education has continuously been regarded as a vital tool in Norwegian policymakers' immigrant integration agendas. This study analyzes semantic structures substantiating the policy language of historical Norwegian immigrant education policies from their inception in 1973 until today (2013). The analysis is framed by Kronenfeld's linguistic…

  3. Causal Beliefs and Effects upon Mental Illness Identification Among Chinese Immigrant Relatives of Individuals with Psychosis.

    PubMed

    Yang, Lawrence H; Wonpat-Borja, Ahtoy J

    2012-08-01

    Identifying factors that facilitate treatment for psychotic disorders among Chinese-immigrants is crucial due to delayed treatment use. Identifying causal beliefs held by relatives that might predict identification of 'mental illness' as opposed to other 'indigenous labels' may promote more effective mental health service use. We examine what effects beliefs of 'physical causes' and other non-biomedical causal beliefs ('general social causes', and 'indigenous Chinese beliefs' or culture-specific epistemologies of illness) might have on mental illness identification. Forty-nine relatives of Chinese-immigrant consumers with psychosis were sampled. Higher endorsement of 'physical causes' was associated with mental illness labeling. However among the non-biomedical causal beliefs, 'general social causes' demonstrated no relationship with mental illness identification, while endorsement of 'indigenous Chinese beliefs' showed a negative relationship. Effective treatment- and community-based psychoeducation, in addition to emphasizing biomedical models, might integrate indigenous Chinese epistemologies of illness to facilitate rapid identification of psychotic disorders and promote treatment use.

  4. Discouraging Partnerships? Teachers' Perspectives on Immigration-Related Barriers to Family-School Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soutullo, Olivia R.; Smith-Bonahue, Tina M.; Sanders-Smith, Stephanie C.; Navia, Laura E.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates barriers to facilitating family-school partnerships with immigrant families as identified by teachers in an urban school district with high rates of immigration. Participants consisted of 18 elementary teachers who identified predominantly as Hispanic (38.9%) or non-Hispanic White (33.3%), were frequently bilingual (55.6%),…

  5. Discouraging partnerships? Teachers' perspectives on immigration-related barriers to family-school collaboration.

    PubMed

    Soutullo, Olivia R; Smith-Bonahue, Tina M; Sanders-Smith, Stephanie C; Navia, Laura E

    2016-06-01

    This study investigates barriers to facilitating family-school partnerships with immigrant families as identified by teachers in an urban school district with high rates of immigration. Participants consisted of 18 elementary teachers who identified predominantly as Hispanic (38.9%) or non-Hispanic White (33.3%), were frequently bilingual (55.6%), and were mostly female (94.4%) with an average age of 36.5 years. Participants engaged in focus group interviews that were transcribed and open-coded. Barriers to engagement for immigrant families fell into 3 broad areas: language and culture, family resources, and families' undocumented status. Many teachers attributed the barriers preventing parental collaboration to school policies (94.4%) and ineffective communication strategies (83.3%). Teachers also identified barriers as emanating from the families themselves, including families not attending school functions (88.9%) and being unresponsive to school-initiated communication (72.2%). Teachers noted that many families lacked resources necessary for school engagement (88.9%) and were hesitant to become engaged with schools due to required screening procedures (55.6%). Overall, numerous barriers to effective family engagement were identified, several of which are directly related to immigration and residency status. Given the strong evidence suggesting that family engagement in education mediates risk for children of recent immigrants, strategies to foster meaningful engagement for all families are desperately needed (Naughton, 2004). Roles for school psychologists to facilitate effective family-school partnerships are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27243245

  6. Culture- and Immigration-Related Stress Faced by Chinese American Families with a Patient Having Schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Kung, Winnie W

    2016-07-01

    The impact of culture and immigration on the experience of Chinese American families with a member having schizophrenia is explored within the frameworks of family systems and stress and coping. This qualitative study was conducted within an intervention study of family psychoeducation using therapists' session notes from 103 family sessions and 13 relatives' group sessions from nine patients and 19 relatives. The high stigma attached to mental illness leading to social isolation, and families' devotion to caregiving exacerbated caregiver burden. Taboo against discussing dating and sexuality and the consideration of arranged marriages caused unique stress. The insecurity as immigrants and shortage of bilingual services were related to greater enmeshment within these families. Implications on research methodology and practice are discussed. PMID:27388227

  7. France: recent immigration-related developments affecting persons suffering from serious illnesses.

    PubMed

    Weiss, Rémi

    2011-10-01

    France enacted a new immigration law on 16 June 2011. Among other things, the law changes the criteria for issuing residence permits on medical grounds. Foreigners with a medical condition who apply for a residence permit must now show that treatment and care are unavailable in their country of origin. It is no longer sufficient to show a lack of effective access to such treatment or care.

  8. 42 CFR 93.201 - Allegation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS... through any means of communication. The disclosure may be by written or oral statement or other communication to an institutional or HHS official....

  9. The Alleged Oddness of Ethical Egoism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marietta, Don E., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    There are some critics of ethical egoism who treat it seriously as an ethical doctrine, but consider it an odd approach. Examines this doctrine and suggests that if we are to have the benefit of egoism as a sound ethical approach, or rightly assess its inadequacies, we must first see it fairly. (Author/RK)

  10. Heavy Resistance Training and Supplementation With the Alleged Testosterone Booster Nmda has No Effect on Body Composition, Muscle Performance, and Serum Hormones Associated With the Hypothalamo-Pituitary-Gonadal Axis in Resistance-Trained Males

    PubMed Central

    Willoughby, Darryn S.; Spillane, Mike; Schwarz, Neil

    2014-01-01

    The effects of 28 days of heavy resistance training while ingesting the alleged testosterone-boosting supplement, NMDA, were determined on body composition, muscle strength, serum cortisol, prolactin, and hormones associated with the hypothalamo-pituitary- gonadal (HPG) axis. Twenty resistance-trained males engaged in 28 days of resistance training 4 times/wk while orally ingesting daily either 1.78 g of placebo (PLAC) or NMDA. Data were analyzed with separate 2 x 2 ANOVA (p < 0.05). Criterion measures involved body composition, muscle strength, serum cortisol, prolactin, and gonadal hormone levels [free and total testosterone, luteininzing hormome (LH), gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH), estradiol], and were assessed before (Day 0) and after (Day 29) resistance training and supplementation. No changes were noted for total body water and fat mass in response to resistance training (p > 0.05) or supplementation (p > 0.05). In regard to total body mass and fat-free mass, however, each was significantly increased in both groups in response to resistance training (p < 0.05), but were not affected by supplementation (p > 0.05). In both groups, lower-body muscle strength was significantly increased in response to resistance training (p < 0.05); however, supplementation had no effect (p > 0.05). All serum hormones (total and free testosterone, LH, GnRH, estradiol, cortisol, prolactin) were unaffected by resistance training (p > 0.05) or supplementation (p > 0.05). The gonadal hormones and cortisol and prolactin were unaffected by 28 days of NMDA supplementation and not associated with the observed increases in muscle strength and mass. At the dose provided, NMDA had no effect on HPG axis activity or ergogenic effects in skeletal muscle. Key Points In response to 28 days of heavy resistance training and NMDA supplementation, similar increases in muscle mass and strength in both groups occurred; however, the increases were not different between supplement groups. The

  11. Humiliation, Unfairness and Laughter: Students Recall Power Relations with Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uitto, Minna

    2011-01-01

    A Finnish magazine published my request that people remember and write about their teachers. Many writers recalled teachers who, for example, had humiliated, favoured or laughed at their students. This article focuses on a study of such negative memories, examining what writers tell about teachers and students in power relationships and how…

  12. The neural basis of perceived unfairness in economic exchanges.

    PubMed

    Lamichhane, Bidhan; Adhikari, Bhim Mani; Brosnan, Sarah F; Dhamala, Mukesh

    2014-10-01

    Human decision making in situations of inequity has long been regarded as a competition between the sense of fairness and self-interest, primarily based on behavioral and neuroimaging studies of inequity that disfavor the actor while favoring others. Here, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments to study refusals and protests using both favoring and disfavoring inequity in three economic exchange games with undercompensating, nearly equal, and overcompensating offers. Refusals of undercompensating offers recruited a heightened activity in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). Accepting of overcompensating offers recruited significantly higher node activity in, and network activity among, the caudate, the cingulate cortex, and the thalamus. Protesting of undercompensating fixed offers activated the network consisting of the right dlPFC and the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and midbrain in the substantia nigra. These findings suggest that perceived fairness and social decisions are the results of coordination between evaluated fairness norms, self-interest, and reward. PMID:25090304

  13. 5 CFR 9701.517 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9701.517 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN... membership in the labor organization on the basis of race, color, creed, national origin, sex,...

  14. 5 CFR 9701.517 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9701.517 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN... membership in the labor organization on the basis of race, color, creed, national origin, sex,...

  15. 5 CFR 9701.517 - Unfair labor practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9701.517 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN... membership in the labor organization on the basis of race, color, creed, national origin, sex,...

  16. 75 FR 23565 - Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices; Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... rule). 74 FR 5498. OTS issued its rule jointly with rules issued by the Board of Governors of the... amendments). See 74 FR 20804. On May 22, 2009, the President signed into law the Credit Card Accountability... those provisions of the Credit CARD Act that became effective on August 20, 2009. See 74 FR 36077....

  17. 12 CFR 535.12 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... effects of the consumer and the consumer's dependents. (2) Does not include: (i) Works of art; (ii) Electronic entertainment equipment (except one television and one radio); (iii) Antiques (any item over...

  18. 12 CFR 535.12 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... effects of the consumer and the consumer's dependents. (2) Does not include: (i) Works of art; (ii) Electronic entertainment equipment (except one television and one radio); (iii) Antiques (any item over...

  19. 12 CFR 535.12 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... effects of the consumer and the consumer's dependents. (2) Does not include: (i) Works of art; (ii) Electronic entertainment equipment (except one television and one radio); (iii) Antiques (any item over...

  20. 75 FR 7925 - Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ... rule was published in the Federal Register on January 29, 2009 (See 74 FR 5498 (January 2009 Regulation... Register on May 5, 2009. See 74 FR 20804. This final rule applies only to the Board's Regulation AA and... Regulation AA Rule, which were scheduled to go into effect on July 1, 2010, have been superseded...

  1. Misrepresentations in Unfair Treatment by Santelices and Wilson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorans, Neil J.

    2010-01-01

    In his 2003 article in the "Harvard Educational Review" (HER), Freedle claimed that the SAT was both culturally and statistically biased and proposed a solution to ameliorate this bias. The author argued (Dorans, 2004a) that these claims were based on serious computational errors. In particular, he focused on how Freedle's table 2 was constructed.…

  2. Directed altruistic living organ donation: partial but not unfair.

    PubMed

    Hilhorst, Medard T

    2005-04-01

    Arguments against directed altruistic living organ donations are too weak to justify a ban. Potential donors who want to specify the non-related person or group of persons to receive their donated kidney should be accepted. The arguments against, based on considerations of motivation, fairness and (non-)anonymity (e.g. those recently cited by an advisory report of the Dutch Health Council), are presented and discussed, as well as the Dutch Government's response. Whereas the Government argues that individuals have authority with regard to the allocation of their organs, partial considerations have not been sufficiently explored. In addition, it is argued that partial relationships govern human life, are significant and should be valued highly. These relationships are at the core of accepted living kidney donation between relatives (family members, partners, friends). Respecting the particular act of living donation goes beyond respect for autonomy; it touches upon our personal and social identity. Donation, e.g. of a kidney, is not undertaken strictly for the benefit of the recipient, but also to meet the moral standards we wish to set for ourselves. This consideration, rooted in a view of moral identity, provides the basis for many forms of directed donation that are both partial and justified. If the importance of this is not recognized, social policies can be neither adequate nor effective.

  3. Hypertriglyceridemia: a too long unfairly neglected major cardiovascular risk factor.

    PubMed

    Tenenbaum, Alexander; Klempfner, Robert; Fisman, Enrique Z

    2014-01-01

    The existence of an independent association between elevated triglyceride (TG) levels, cardiovascular (CV) risk and mortality has been largely controversial. The main difficulty in isolating the effect of hypertriglyceridemia on CV risk is the fact that elevated triglyceride levels are commonly associated with concomitant changes in high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and other lipoproteins. As a result of this problem and in disregard of the real biological role of TG, its significance as a plausible therapeutic target was unfoundedly underestimated for many years. However, taking epidemiological data together, both moderate and severe hypertriglyceridaemia are associated with a substantially increased long term total mortality and CV risk. Plasma TG levels partially reflect the concentration of the triglyceride-carrying lipoproteins (TRL): very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), chylomicrons and their remnants. Furthermore, hypertriglyceridemia commonly leads to reduction in HDL and increase in atherogenic small dense LDL levels. TG may also stimulate atherogenesis by mechanisms, such excessive free fatty acids (FFA) release, production of proinflammatory cytokines, fibrinogen, coagulation factors and impairment of fibrinolysis. Genetic studies strongly support hypertriglyceridemia and high concentrations of TRL as causal risk factors for CV disease. The most common forms of hypertriglyceridemia are related to overweight and sedentary life style, which in turn lead to insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome (MS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Intensive lifestyle therapy is the main initial treatment of hypertriglyceridemia. Statins are a cornerstone of the modern lipids-modifying therapy. If the primary goal is to lower TG levels, fibrates (bezafibrate and fenofibrate for monotherapy, and in combination with statin; gemfibrozil only for monotherapy) could be the preferable drugs. Also ezetimibe has mild positive effects in lowering TG. Initial experience with en ezetimibe/fibrates combination seems promising. The recently released IMPROVE-IT Trial is the first to prove that adding a non-statin drug (ezetimibe) to a statin lowers the risk of future CV events. In conclusion, the classical clinical paradigm of lipids-modifying treatment should be changed and high TG should be recognized as an important target for therapy in their own right. Hypertriglyceridemia should be treated. PMID:25471221

  4. When is Unequal Unfair: The Role of Ideology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinglass, Janet; Steil, Janice M.

    Theorists concerned with issues of social justice assert that ideology plays a substantial role in mediating perceptions of injustice and feelings of relative deprivation. To investigate the impact of feminism and religious fundamentalism on the perception of injustice in the content of sex differences in a study of traditional religious…

  5. The Introductory Mathematics Curriculum: Misleading, Outdated, and Unfair and Responses .

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Fred S.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Roberts discusses his perception that the college introductory curriculum in mathematics is outdated. Reactions are then presented from Lucas, Hamming, Tall, David, Ellis, Thompson, Mason, and Guy, with a response by Roberts. The need to change instructional methods as well as curriculum is noted by most. (MNS)

  6. Bill to dismiss HIV-positive military unfair, defies Constitution.

    PubMed

    Barnes, M

    1996-03-01

    President Clinton recently signed the 1996 Department of Defense Authorization bill, a provision of which has been called the most regressive AIDS-related policy yet written. The provision, championed by Rep. Bob Dornan (R-CA) and Sen. Trent Lott (R-MS), requires that all HIV-positive persons in the military be immediately discharged. This is a significant departure from current policy that treats HIV-positive service personnel the same way as those with cancer, diabetes, or heart disease--if they can do the job, they can remain in the military. President Clinton is said to privately believe that the measure is unconstitutional since it singles out one class of disability for harsher treatment than others.

  7. 48 CFR 2103.570 - Misleading, Deceptive, or Unfair Advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Other Improper Business Practices 2103.570...

  8. 12 CFR 535.12 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... constitutes or contains, or to enforce in a consumer credit obligation you purchased, any of the following... executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right to notice... household goods other than a purchase-money security interest. For purposes of this paragraph,...

  9. 12 CFR 706.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... confession of judgment (for purposes other than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of... contains a nonpossessory security interest in household goods other than a purchase money security interest....

  10. 12 CFR 227.13 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... obligation that contains, or to enforce in a consumer credit obligation purchased by the bank, any of the... than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right of... interest in household goods other than a purchase money security interest....

  11. 12 CFR 227.13 - Unfair credit contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... obligation that contains, or to enforce in a consumer credit obligation purchased by the bank, any of the... than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right of... interest in household goods other than a purchase money security interest....

  12. 75 FR 6558 - Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ..., and the effective date for the amendments was July 1, 2010. 74 FR 5498 (January 29, 2009) (UDAP Rule... amendments to the UDAP Rule. 74 FR 20804 (May 5, 2009). List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 706 Credit, Credit... Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right to notice and the opportunity to be heard...

  13. 12 CFR 535.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... obligation that constitutes or contains, or to enforce in a consumer credit obligation purchased by a savings... than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right to... nonpossessory security interest in household goods other than a purchase-money security interest....

  14. 12 CFR 706.2 - Unfair credit practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... judgment (for purposes other than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or... a nonpossessory security interest in household goods other than a purchase money security interest....

  15. Directed altruistic living organ donation: partial but not unfair.

    PubMed

    Hilhorst, Medard T

    2005-04-01

    Arguments against directed altruistic living organ donations are too weak to justify a ban. Potential donors who want to specify the non-related person or group of persons to receive their donated kidney should be accepted. The arguments against, based on considerations of motivation, fairness and (non-)anonymity (e.g. those recently cited by an advisory report of the Dutch Health Council), are presented and discussed, as well as the Dutch Government's response. Whereas the Government argues that individuals have authority with regard to the allocation of their organs, partial considerations have not been sufficiently explored. In addition, it is argued that partial relationships govern human life, are significant and should be valued highly. These relationships are at the core of accepted living kidney donation between relatives (family members, partners, friends). Respecting the particular act of living donation goes beyond respect for autonomy; it touches upon our personal and social identity. Donation, e.g. of a kidney, is not undertaken strictly for the benefit of the recipient, but also to meet the moral standards we wish to set for ourselves. This consideration, rooted in a view of moral identity, provides the basis for many forms of directed donation that are both partial and justified. If the importance of this is not recognized, social policies can be neither adequate nor effective. PMID:16459404

  16. Proposal to Reduce Sports Scholarships Assailed as Unfair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lederman, Douglas

    1987-01-01

    The National Collegiate Athletic Association's proposed reductions in scholarships, affecting most non-revenue sports but sparing big-time football, are widely criticized for their disproportionate effects on women and minority groups. (MSE)

  17. 47 CFR 76.1002 - Specific unfair practices prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1002 Specific... interest in a satellite cable programming vendor or in a satellite broadcast programming vendor shall... such vendor's prices, terms and conditions for the sale of, satellite cable programming or...

  18. 47 CFR 76.1002 - Specific unfair practices prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1002 Specific... interest in a satellite cable programming vendor or in a satellite broadcast programming vendor shall... such vendor's prices, terms and conditions for the sale of, satellite cable programming or...

  19. 47 CFR 76.1002 - Specific unfair practices prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1002 Specific... interest in a satellite cable programming vendor or in a satellite broadcast programming vendor shall... such vendor's prices, terms and conditions for the sale of, satellite cable programming or...

  20. 47 CFR 76.1002 - Specific unfair practices prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1002 Specific... interest in a satellite cable programming vendor or in a satellite broadcast programming vendor shall... such vendor's prices, terms and conditions for the sale of, satellite cable programming or...

  1. 47 CFR 76.1002 - Specific unfair practices prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Competitive Access to Cable Programming § 76.1002 Specific... interest in a satellite cable programming vendor or in a satellite broadcast programming vendor shall... such vendor's prices, terms and conditions for the sale of, satellite cable programming or...

  2. 48 CFR 2103.570 - Misleading, Deceptive, or Unfair Advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Other Improper Business Practices 2103.570...

  3. (Im)migrations, Relations, and Identities of African Peoples: Toward an Endarkened Transnational Feminist Praxis in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okpalaoka, Chinwe L.; Dillard, Cynthia B.

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the sense of what an "African" (American) identity could mean when viewed through the processes of migrations and fluid identities of contemporary African immigrant children as they interact with their African (Americans) peers in schools. The purpose of this article is to use data from a study of West African immigrant…

  4. 77 FR 33218 - Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... Graco, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing Consent Orders To Aid Public Comment AGENCY... unfair methods of competition. The attached Analysis to Aid Public Comment describes both the allegations... public record for a period of thirty (30) days. The following Analysis to Aid Public Comment...

  5. 28 CFR 68.55 - Referral of cases arising under sections 274A or 274C to the Attorney General for review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral of cases arising under sections... OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR...

  6. 28 CFR 68.53 - Review of an interlocutory order of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. 68.53 Section 68.53 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR...

  7. 28 CFR 68.56 - Judicial review of a final agency order in cases arising under section 274A or 274C.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. 68.56 Section 68.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR...

  8. 19 CFR 210.75 - Proceedings to enforce exclusion orders, cease and desist orders, consent orders, and other...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND... allegations set forth in the complaint, provided that the Commission (or administrative law judge, if one is... to the chief administrative law judge for designation of a presiding administrative law judge,...

  9. Understanding School Closures: Discriminatory Impact on Chicano and Black Students. Policy Research Monograph No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valencia, Richard R.

    The monograph covers the background, progress, and outcome of the "Castro case," a racial discrimination lawsuit filed in 1982 by a group of Chicano and Black parents and their children against the Phoenix (Arizona) Union High School District alleging that their 94% minority high school was unfairly singled out for closure due to a declining…

  10. 78 FR 32690 - Certain Gaming and Entertainment Consoles, Related Software, and Components Thereof; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-31

    ... Commission's opinion in Certain Electronic Devices with Image Processing Systems, Components Thereof, and...''). 75 FR 80843 (Dec. 23, 2010). The complaint alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff Act of... named the Office of Unfair Import Investigations (``OUII'') as a party in the investigation. See 75...

  11. Evidence and Education Policy--Some Reflections and Allegations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Harvey

    2008-01-01

    The paper reflects on the use by the UK central government of statistical evidence in educational policy matters. Particular attention is given to school league tables. The paper is generally critical of government attitudes, but suggests that progress towards rational decision-making does occur. (Contains 5 notes.)

  12. On the alleged memory-undermining effects of daydreaming.

    PubMed

    Otgaar, Henry; Cleere, Colleen; Merckelbach, Harald; Peters, Maarten; Jelicic, Marko; Lynn, Steven Jay

    2016-01-01

    In three experiments, we examined the memory-undermining effects of daydreaming for (un)related stimuli. In Experiments 1 and 2, we tested whether daydreaming fosters forgetting of semantically interrelated material and hence, catalyzes false memory production. In Experiment 3, we examined the memory effects of different daydreaming instructions. In Experiment 1, daydreaming did not undermine correct recall of semantically interrelated words, nor did it affect false memories. In Experiment 2, we again failed to find that daydreaming exerted memory-undermining effects a. In Experiment 3, no memory effects were obtained using different daydreaming instructions. Together, our studies fail to show appreciable memory-undermining effects of daydreaming.

  13. Empirical ethics and its alleged meta-ethical fallacies.

    PubMed

    de Vries, Rob; Gordijn, Bert

    2009-05-01

    This paper analyses the concept of empirical ethics as well as three meta-ethical fallacies that empirical ethics is said to face: the is-ought problem, the naturalistic fallacy and violation of the fact-value distinction. Moreover, it answers the question of whether empirical ethics (necessarily) commits these three basic meta-ethical fallacies.

  14. Ensuring Effective Student Support in Higher Education Alleged Plagiarism Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Craig; Dooey, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Plagiarism and other forms of academic misconduct are matters of great concern at all levels of study worldwide. This is especially so for students in higher education institutions, where higher degrees and publications are key focus activities. Ready access to internet based resources assist academic writing practices. However, the unintentional,…

  15. 42 CFR 93.402 - ORI allegation assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND HEALTH EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT Responsibilities of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services...

  16. 45 CFR 158.605 - Responses to allegations of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... with Affordable Care Act requirements. The following are examples of documentation that a potential... procedures by an issuer to ensure compliance with the Affordable Care Act requirements regarding MLR. Those... do not comply with Affordable Care Act requirements regarding MLRs and to provide...

  17. Suit alleges Chicago schools denied job based on HIV.

    PubMed

    1997-04-18

    In 1996, the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund persuaded the Chicago Board of Education to revoke a policy that demands applicants to disclose their HIV status. The Board promised to revise the policy, but on March 27, 1997 Lambda filed suit in U.S. District Court against the school board on behalf of an applicant who says he continues to be denied a teaching job because of his positive HIV status. The lawsuit claims that the board of education's requirement for any job applicant to provide a complete medical history and to submit to a medical examination is tantamount to requiring HIV status disclosure. The lawsuit states that the board is violating the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Rehabilitation Act, and Federal and State constitutional guarantees to privacy and equal protection under the law. The suit also says the board lacks procedural safeguards to ensure confidentiality of applicants' medical information. PMID:11364234

  18. 45 CFR 150.311 - Responses to allegations of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS CMS Enforcement With Respect to... noncompliance. In determining whether to impose a civil money penalty, CMS reviews and considers documentation... documentation that a potential responsible entity may submit for CMS's consideration in determining whether...

  19. [Examination of Medical Malpractice Allegations by Arbitration Boards].

    PubMed

    Horch, R E

    2016-04-01

    Commentary to the paper "What went wrong? Conciliatory proceedings of a German mediation center after breast reductions", Allert S., Flechtner C., Vogt P. M. et al. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir, DOI 10.1055/s-0042-103586.

  20. 45 CFR 150.311 - Responses to allegations of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 150.311 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH...) Include an effective monitoring system to identify practices that do not comply with HIPAA requirements and to provide reasonable assurance that fraud, abuse, and systemic errors are detected in a...

  1. The Alleged Importance of Being Tough, Really Tough

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klee, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Christina Hoff Sommers and Sally Satel, a philosopher and a psychiatrist, now both policy analysts at the American Enterprise Institute, write in their recent book "One Nation Under Therapy: How the Helping Culture Is Eroding Self-Reliance" that empirically unsupported psychological theories ultimately descended from the cultural upheavals of the…

  2. Real and alleged problems for Daniels's account of health justice.

    PubMed

    Kelleher, J Paul

    2013-08-01

    Norman Daniels's theory of health justice is the most comprehensive and systematic such theory we have. In one of the few articles published so far on Daniels's new book, Just Health, Benjamin Sachs argues that Daniels's core "principle of equality of opportunity does not do the work Daniels needs it to do." Yet Sachs's objections to Daniels's framework are deeply flawed. Where these arguments do not rely on significant misreadings of Daniels, they ignore sensible strands in Just Health that considerably dull their force. After disarming Sachs's arguments against Daniels's theory, I explain why I agree with Sachs's conclusion: Daniels's equality of opportunity-based account of health justice rests on shaky foundations.

  3. Children's Religious Knowledge: Implications for Understanding Satanic Ritual Abuse Allegations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Gail S.; Quas, Jodi A.; Bottoms, Bette L.; Qin, Jianjian; Shaver, Phillip R.

    1997-01-01

    Using a structured interview, 48 3- to 16-year-old children were questioned about their knowledge of religious and satanic concepts. Although few children evinced direct knowledge of ritual abuse, many revealed general knowledge of satanism and satanic worship. Results suggest that most children probably do not generally possess sufficient…

  4. 45 CFR 150.311 - Responses to allegations of noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL INSURANCE MARKETS CMS Enforcement With Respect to... policy, group policy, certificate of insurance, application, rider, amendment, endorsement, certificate.... (d) Documentation that the policies, certificates of insurance, or non-Federal governmental...

  5. The alleged poisoning of Joseph Stalin: proof beyond reasonable doubt?

    PubMed

    Quigley, James; Keating, Áine

    2013-12-01

    The name "Ioseb Besarionis dze Dzhugashvili" is as unassuming as it is unknown. It is the birth name of the brutal dictator who changed the face of Europe and whose actions still influence our lives today. Stalin, the man responsible for the slaughter of over twenty million of his own Soviet citizens and yet, the man who transformed the USSR from the feudalistic society of the Tsar's to a twentieth century military powerhouse that was instrumental in the defeat of Nazi Germany. Known as "Koba" to his friends, he cultivated a cult of personality where he was, and to a certain extent still is, admired in Russia and the former Soviet states. This paper will look at the following questions: why when he fell gravely ill did his comrades wait so long before seeking medical assistance? why were there omissions in the final post mortem report?, and why did one his closest lieutenants boast so openly about having murdered him.

  6. Psychiatry malpractice and administrative inquiries of alleged physician misconduct.

    PubMed

    Meyer, Donald J

    2006-09-01

    Practicing psychiatrists face a range of professional liability from malpractice litigation and from inquiries and hearings conducted by health care agencies. The causes of an action and the standards by which physician conduct is measured vary widely between these two processes. Many psychiatrists do not appreciate sufficiently the gravity of the risks they may face from an administrative sanction. Understanding the legal and administrative expectations of practicing psychiatrists serves practitioners' professional risk management. Those psychiatrists who choose to participate as expert witnesses for courts or administrative agencies need to familiarize themselves with the applicable legal standards and the respective roles of experts in these two different settings. The courts and administrative agencies have different social missions and correspondingly differing expectations of the expert opinions admitted.An expert's function as educator about the application of psychiatric knowledge and treatments to legal contexts is optimized when that expert clearly understands the function of the opinion that is sought. As educators about special knowledge to the adjudicating body, experts are advocates for their objectively generated and scientifically grounded opinion. Psychiatry is increasingly under the purview of regulations from multiple sources private and public. This article has reviewed medicolegal concepts and terms of psychiatrists' exposure to liability from a comparative point of view. Familiarity assists psychiatrists in navigating the complex legal arena in which they practice and provides a foundation for psychiatrists to work to change the multitude of laws and regulations when doing so is in the best interests of their patients and of their discipline of medicine. PMID:16904502

  7. The Alleged Importance of Being Tough, Really Tough

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klee, Robert

    2008-11-01

    Christina Hoff Sommers and Sally Satel, a philosopher and a psychiatrist, now both policy analysts at the American Enterprise Institute, write in their recent book One Nation Under Therapy: How the Helping Culture Is Eroding Self-Reliance that empirically unsupported psychological theories ultimately descended from the cultural upheavals of the 1960s have slowly wormed their way into the educational and social scientific mainstream. These theories, the authors argue, promote a view of the human person as someone who is ‘too fragile for this world’, and in need of ceaseless counseling and coddling from the cradle to the grave. The case the authors make for their thesis is, I argue, uneven strong in specific cases, but weak and overwrought in many others. In the end, I argue, they misidentify the main cause of the increasing shallowness that, to a growing number of critics, is slowly infesting contemporary social science and education.

  8. A neural signature of the creation of social evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Mussel, Patrick; Öhrlein, Linda; Hewig, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has shown that receiving an unfair monetary offer in economic bargaining elicits also-called feedback negativity (FN). This scalp-recorded brain potential probably reflects a bad-vs-good evaluation in the medial frontal cortex and has been linked to fundamental processes of reinforcement learning. In the present study, we investigated whether the evaluative mechanism indexed by the FN is also involved in learning who is an unfair vs fair bargaining partner. An electroencephalogram was recorded while participants completed a computerized version of the Ultimatum Game, repeatedly receiving fair or unfair monetary offers from alleged other participants. Some of these proposers were either always fair or always unfair in their offers. In each trial, participants first saw a portrait picture of the respective proposer before the monetary offer was presented. Therefore, the faces could be used as predictive cues for the fairness of the pending offers. We found that not only unfair offers themselves induced a FN, but also (over the task) faces of unfair proposers. Thus, when interaction partners repeatedly behave in an unfair way, their faces acquire a negative valence, which manifests in a basal neural mechanism of bad-vs-good evaluation. PMID:23547246

  9. A neural signature of the creation of social evaluation.

    PubMed

    Osinsky, Roman; Mussel, Patrick; Ohrlein, Linda; Hewig, Johannes

    2014-06-01

    Previous research has shown that receiving an unfair monetary offer in economic bargaining elicits also-called feedback negativity (FN). This scalp-recorded brain potential probably reflects a bad-vs-good evaluation in the medial frontal cortex and has been linked to fundamental processes of reinforcement learning. In the present study, we investigated whether the evaluative mechanism indexed by the FN is also involved in learning who is an unfair vs fair bargaining partner. An electroencephalogram was recorded while participants completed a computerized version of the Ultimatum Game, repeatedly receiving fair or unfair monetary offers from alleged other participants. Some of these proposers were either always fair or always unfair in their offers. In each trial, participants first saw a portrait picture of the respective proposer before the monetary offer was presented. Therefore, the faces could be used as predictive cues for the fairness of the pending offers. We found that not only unfair offers themselves induced a FN, but also (over the task) faces of unfair proposers. Thus, when interaction partners repeatedly behave in an unfair way, their faces acquire a negative valence, which manifests in a basal neural mechanism of bad-vs-good evaluation. PMID:23547246

  10. Trade Group Rules Against China in Rare Earths Dispute

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2014-04-01

    The World Trade Organization (WTO) has ruled against China in a trade dispute over rare earth elements (REE) as well as tungsten and molybdenum, the group announced on 26 March. The European Union, Japan, and the United States brought trade cases against China in March 2012 concerning alleged unfair export restraints on the materials (see Eos, 93(13), 134-135, doi:10.1029/2012EO130002).

  11. The Overtime Rule in the National Football League: Fair or Unfair?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorgievski, Nicholas; DeFranco, Thomas C.; Swaminatha, Hariharan; Sofronas, Kimberly S.

    2010-01-01

    In 1974, the National Football League (NFL) initiated a sudden death overtime rule for games ending in a tie score at the end of regulation time. The rule states that the sudden death system of determining the winner shall prevail when the score is tied at the end of the regulation playing time of all NFL games. The team scoring first during…

  12. U.S. Television Programs in the International Market: Unfair Pricing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoskins, Colin; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Provides a microeconomic analysis of United States (U.S.) television program export prices. Finds that U.S. producers, acting like a dominant firm, are responsible for establishing the general level of foreign program prices in each national market. (MS)

  13. Social Evaluations of Stereotypic Images in Video Games: Unfair, Legitimate, or "Just Entertainment"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenick, Alaina; Henning, Alexandra; Killen, Melanie; O'Connor, Alexander; Collins, Michael

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess late adolescents' evaluations of and reasoning about gender stereotypes in video games. Female (n = 46) and male (n = 41) students, predominantly European American, with a mean age 19 years, are interviewed about their knowledge of game usage, awareness and evaluation of stereotypes, beliefs about the influences…

  14. 14 CFR 399.80 - Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... transportation or services in connection therewith. (g) Misrepresentation that special discounts or reductions are available, when such discounts or reductions are not specific in the lawful tariffs of the air... unnecessary inconveniences and delays or requiring them to accept transportation at higher cost, or under...

  15. 14 CFR 399.80 - Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... transportation or services in connection therewith. (g) Misrepresentation that special discounts or reductions are available, when such discounts or reductions are not specific in the lawful tariffs of the air... unnecessary inconveniences and delays or requiring them to accept transportation at higher cost, or under...

  16. 14 CFR 399.80 - Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... under the Small Business Administration's size standards set forth in 13 CFR 121.201: (a... special discounts or reductions are available, when such discounts or reductions are not specific in the... suffer unnecessary inconveniences and delays or requiring them to accept transportation at higher...

  17. 14 CFR 399.80 - Unfair and deceptive practices of ticket agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... transportation or services in connection therewith. (g) Misrepresentation that special discounts or reductions are available, when such discounts or reductions are not specific in the lawful tariffs of the air... unnecessary inconveniences and delays or requiring them to accept transportation at higher cost, or under...

  18. Medium of exchange matters: what's fair for goods is unfair for money.

    PubMed

    DeVoe, Sanford E; Iyengar, Sheena S

    2010-02-01

    Organized groups face a fundamental problem of how to distribute resources fairly. We found people view it as less fair to distribute resources equally when the allocated resource invokes the market by being a medium of exchange than when the allocated resource is a good that holds value in use. These differences in fairness can be attributed to being a medium of exchange, and not to other essential properties of money (i.e., being a unit of account or a store of value). These findings suggest that egalitarian outcomes have a greater likelihood of being accepted as fair when the resources being distributed take the form of in-kind goods rather than of cash transfers. PMID:20424037

  19. 48 CFR 1652.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... labeled promotional material, marketing material, or supplemental literature, shall be truthful and not... Supplemental Literature Guidelines which are developed by OPM and should be used, along with the...

  20. 48 CFR 1652.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... labeled promotional material, marketing material, or supplemental literature, shall be truthful and not... Supplemental Literature Guidelines which are developed by OPM and should be used, along with the...

  1. 48 CFR 1652.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... labeled promotional material, marketing material, or supplemental literature, shall be truthful and not... Supplemental Literature Guidelines which are developed by OPM and should be used, along with the...

  2. 19 CFR 12.39 - Imported articles involving unfair methods of competition or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... appendix B to part 113 of this chapter; and (ii) Comply with the terms set forth in 19 CFR 210.50(d) in the... under the provisions of 19 CFR part 171. All petitions must be filed within 30 days of the date of... competition or practices. 12.39 Section 12.39 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...

  3. 19 CFR 12.39 - Imported articles involving unfair methods of competition or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... appendix B to part 113 of this chapter; and (ii) Comply with the terms set forth in 19 CFR 210.50(d) in the... under the provisions of 19 CFR part 171. All petitions must be filed within 30 days of the date of... competition or practices. 12.39 Section 12.39 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...

  4. 19 CFR 12.39 - Imported articles involving unfair methods of competition or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... appendix B to part 113 of this chapter; and (ii) Comply with the terms set forth in 19 CFR 210.50(d) in the... under the provisions of 19 CFR part 171. All petitions must be filed within 30 days of the date of... competition or practices. 12.39 Section 12.39 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...

  5. 19 CFR 12.39 - Imported articles involving unfair methods of competition or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... appendix B to part 113 of this chapter; and (ii) Comply with the terms set forth in 19 CFR 210.50(d) in the... under the provisions of 19 CFR part 171. All petitions must be filed within 30 days of the date of... competition or practices. 12.39 Section 12.39 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...

  6. If you feel bad, it's unfair: a quantitative synthesis of affect and organizational justice perceptions.

    PubMed

    Barsky, Adam; Kaplan, Seth A

    2007-01-01

    Whereas research interest in both individual affect/temperament and organizational justice has grown substantially in recent years, affect's role in the perception of organizational justice has received scant attention. Here, the authors integrate these literatures and test bivariate relationships between state affect (e.g., moods), trait affect (e.g., affectivity), and organizational justice variables using meta-analytically aggregated effect sizes. Results indicated that state and trait positive and negative affect exhibit statistically significant relationships with perceptions of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice in the predicted directions, with mean population-level correlations ranging in absolute magnitude from M(rho) = .09 to M(rho) = .43. Correlations involving state affect generally were larger but not significantly different from those involving trait affect. Finally, the authors propose ideas for investigations at the primary-study level.

  7. Classroom Justice: Student Aggression and Resistance as Reactions to Perceived Unfairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chory-Assad, Rebecca; Paulsel, Michelle

    2004-01-01

    The present study examined the relations between students' perceptions of distributive and procedural justice in college classes and student aggression and hostility toward their instructors and resistance of their instructors' requests. Although perceptions of both distributive and procedural justice were negatively correlated with student…

  8. Fair law, unfair practices? Benefiting from protective legislation for pregnant workers in Italy and France.

    PubMed

    Romito, P; Saurel-Cubizolles, M J

    1992-12-01

    Protective Maternity Legislation (PML) for pregnant workers is well established in Italy and France, but little is known about the way it fulfils some of its aims, such as the protection of mothers' and babies' health and of the rights of women workers. In this paper, we present the results of two surveys, one carried out in Italy and the other in France, concerned with the implementation of these regulations. Results show that women who were regularly employed generally could benefit from PML, while non-eligible workers, most of them holding manual jobs, were not protected at all. Among eligible workers, inequalities existed: women with less qualified jobs and those employed in the private sector were less likely to benefit from the protective measures considered. A number of specific measures, such as the possibility of taking an early maternity leave for work reasons and of being moved to another job within the same firm were underused in both countries. Some limitations of PML are discussed, namely the fact it covers some but not all pregnant workers, that it ignores domestic work and the tendency to remove the pregnant worker rather than to modify her working conditions.

  9. Social Evaluations of Stereotypic Images in Video Games: Unfair, Legitimate, or “Just Entertainment”?

    PubMed Central

    Brenick, Alaina; Henning, Alexandra; Killen, Melanie; O'Connor, Alexander; Collins, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess adolescents' evaluations of, and reasoning about, gender stereotypes in video games. Female (N = 46) and male (N = 41), predominantly European-American, mean age = 19 years, were interviewed about their knowledge of game usage, awareness and evaluation of stereotypes, beliefs about the influences of games on the players, and authority jurisdiction over 3 different types of games: games with negative male stereotypes, and games with negative female stereotypes, and gender-neutral games. Gender differences were found for how participants evaluated these games. Males were more likely than females to find stereotypes acceptable. Results are discussed in terms of social reasoning, video game playing, and gender differences. PMID:25722501

  10. The Unfairness of Equal Treatment: Objectivity in L2 Testing and Dynamic Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lantolf, James P.; Poehner, Matthew E.

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers dynamic assessment (DA) as it relates to second language (L2) development. DA is grounded in Vygotsky's (1987) sociocultural theory of mind, which holds that human consciousness emerges as a result of participation in culturally organized social activities where mediation plays a key role in guiding development. In DA, the…

  11. 16 CFR 424.1 - Unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Section 424.1 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES RETAIL FOOD STORE... of offering for sale by retail food stores of food, grocery products or other merchandise to... discloses that supplies of the advertised products are limited or the advertised products are available...

  12. Student Disengagement as/and Unfairness: Re-Reading Schools through Photos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruglis, Jessica; Vallée, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Four diverse English-speaking Montreal public school students who self-identify as being disengaged with their schooling experience constructed photo essays telling the story of their disengagement in school. Analyzed in conjunction with photo-elicitation interviews and fieldnotes, we find that youth are involved in a struggle against systemic…

  13. 19 CFR 12.39 - Imported articles involving unfair methods of competition or practices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... appendix B to part 113 of this chapter; and (ii) Comply with the terms set forth in 19 CFR 210.50(d) in the... under the provisions of 19 CFR part 171. All petitions must be filed within 30 days of the date of... the authorization or consent of the Government. (e) Importations of semiconductor chip products....

  14. 77 FR 26430 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings; Negotiability Proceedings; Review of Arbitration Awards...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... requests for Federal Service Impasses Panel assistance in the resolution of negotiation impasses. See 77 FR... Proceedings; Review of Arbitration Awards; Miscellaneous and General Requirements AGENCY: Federal Labor... Practice Proceedings, part 2424, Negotiability Proceedings, part 2425, Review of Arbitration Awards,...

  15. 77 FR 37751 - Representation Proceedings, Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings, and Miscellaneous and General...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ... received (either by the Regional Office fax machine or by the eFiling system), until midnight local time in... Federal Service Impasses Panel assistance in the resolution of negotiation impasses. See 77 FR 5987 (Feb... should provide a fax number and email address (if known) for each entity listed. Section 2422.4...

  16. 48 CFR 2152.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND... Contractor agrees to incorporate this clause in all subcontracts as defined at LIFAR 2102.101. (End of clause)...

  17. 48 CFR 2152.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND... Contractor agrees to incorporate this clause in all subcontracts as defined at LIFAR 2102.101. (End of clause)...

  18. 48 CFR 2152.203-70 - Misleading, deceptive, or unfair advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND... Contractor agrees to incorporate this clause in all subcontracts as defined at LIFAR 2102.101. (End of clause)...

  19. Unfair Treatment? The Case of Freedle, the SAT, and the Standardization Approach to Differential Item Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santelices, Maria Veronica; Wilson, Mark

    2010-01-01

    In 2003, the "Harvard Educational Review" published a controversial article by Roy Freedle that claimed bias against African American students in the SAT college admissions test. Freedle's work stimulated national media attention and faced an onslaught of criticism from experts at the Educational Testing Service (ETS), the agency responsible for…

  20. Hospital and health services credit union; prohibited trade practices, and affirmative corrective actions--Federal Trade Commission. Consent Order.

    PubMed

    1984-11-15

    In settlement of alleged violations of federal law prohibiting unfair acts and practices and unfair methods of competition, this Consent Order requires an Ann Arbor, Michigan credit union, among other things, to cease failing to disclose, when rejecting a credit application or increasing the cost of credit, that the action is based partially or wholly on information contained in a consumer credit report; and provide the rejected applicant with the name and address of the reporting agency together with the specific principal reason(s) for the adverse action based on this information. The Order also requires the credit union to send to consumers who were denied credit between January 1, 1983, and the effective data of the Order, a letter containing required disclosures.

  1. Utility competition with small business. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    D'Addario, P.J.

    1986-06-10

    The purpose of the study is to take a further, and broader, look at the competition issue between utilities and small businesses of energy-related utility programs. The contractor examined in greater depth the reasons for utility interest in diversifying into nonregulated, and competitive, energy-related fields; the elements of utility subsidization of these non-regulated activities; the potential remedies that small businesses have to counter unfair or illegal competition; the scope of the cross-subsidy problem; and the effectiveness of specific actions taken by small businesses against utilities. The purpose of the report is, therefore, to address these five areas, including five key case studies of actual small business complaints against alleged unfair or illegal utility competition.

  2. Intelligence, previous convictions and interrogative suggestibility: a path analysis of alleged false-confession cases.

    PubMed

    Sharrock, R; Gudjonsson, G H

    1993-05-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between interrogative suggestibility and previous convictions among 108 defendants in criminal trials, using a path analysis technique. It was hypothesized that previous convictions, which may provide defendants with interrogative experiences, would correlate negatively with 'shift' as measured by the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (Gudjonsson, 1984a), after intelligence and memory had been controlled for. The hypothesis was partially confirmed and the theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:8318934

  3. ["Street" medication in Burkina Faso: local names, social relationships, and alleged therapeutic effects].

    PubMed

    Pale, Augustin; Ladner, Joël

    2006-01-01

    This qualitative assessment, based on discussions and discourse collected in interviews with members of the general population, addresses the popular view of pharmaceutical drugs in Burkina Faso. The main results demonstrate a strong preference for drugs sold in the street and their largely "off-label" uses. These drugs not only treat defined diseases but also generate street discussions, popular images and social relationships that lead to their consumption, sometimes excessive. Furthermore, the links between the legal and illegal street markets, related in part to the legal status of different drugs, also leads to questions about good and bad, true and false. These distinctions, considered as labels, influence the population's behavior and attitude concerning street medication.

  4. Kefir: a symbiotic yeasts-bacteria community with alleged healthy capabilities.

    PubMed

    Lopitz-Otsoa, Fernando; Rementeria, Aitor; Elguezabal, Natalia; Garaizar, Javier

    2006-06-01

    Kefir is a fermented milk beverage. The milk fermentation is achieved by the of kefir grains, a cluster of microorganisms held together by a polysaccharide matrix named kefiran. Kefir grains are an example of symbiosis between yeast and bacteria. They have been used over years to produce kefir, a fermented beverage that is consumed all over the world, although its origin is Caucasian. A vast variety of different species of organisms forming the kefir grains, comprising yeast and bacteria, have been isolated and identified. Kefir is a probiotic food. Probiotics have shown to be beneficial to health, being presently of great interest to the food industry. Kefir has been accredited with antibacterial, antifungal and antitumoural activities among other beneficial attributes. This review includes a critical revision of the microbiological composition of kefir along with its beneficial properties to human health.

  5. The lived experience of adult male survivors who allege childhood sexual abuse by clergy.

    PubMed

    Fater, K; Mullaney, J A

    2000-01-01

    This phenomenological study describes the essential structure of the lived experience of adult male survivors of childhood sexual abuse by clergy (AMSCSABC). A purposive sample of seven AMSCSABC related their subjective experiences in semistructured interviews. Colaizzi's (1978) phenomenological method was used for data analysis. Survivors describe a bifurcated rage and spiritual distress that pervades their entire "lifebeing." Learning about AMSCSABC will assist nurses to identify potential risk factors of childhood sexual abuse by clergy (CSABC), design prevention strategies, and enhance empathy for a healing relationship.

  6. How old is old in allegations of age discrimination? The limitations of existing law.

    PubMed

    Wiener, Richard L; Farnum, Katlyn S

    2016-10-01

    Under Title VII, courts may give a mixed motive instruction allowing jurors to determine that defendants are liable for discrimination if an illegal factor (here: race, color, religion, sex, or national origin) contributed to an adverse decision. Recently, the Supreme Court held that to conclude that an employer discriminated against a worker because of age, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, unlike Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, requires "but for" causality, necessitating jurors to find that age was the determinative factor in an employer's adverse decision regarding that worker. Using a national online sample (N = 392) and 2 study phases, 1 to measure stereotypes, and a second to present experimental manipulations, this study tested whether older worker stereotypes as measured through the lens of the Stereotype Content Model, instruction type (but for vs. mixed motive causality), and plaintiff age influenced mock juror verdicts in an age discrimination case. Decision modeling in Phase 2 with 3 levels of case orientation (i.e., proplaintiff, prodefendant, and neutral) showed that participants relied on multiple factors when making a decision, as opposed to just 1, suggesting that mock jurors favor a mixed model approach to discrimination verdict decisions. In line with previous research, instruction effects showed that mock jurors found in favor of plaintiffs under mixed motive instructions but not under "but for" instructions especially for older plaintiffs (64- and 74-year-old as opposed to 44- and 54-year-old-plaintiffs). Most importantly, in accordance with the Stereotype Content Model theory, competence and warmth stereotypes moderated the instruction effects found for specific judgments. The results of this study show the importance of the type of legal causality required for age discrimination cases. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27227275

  7. Repeated False Allegations of Sexual Abuse Presenting to Sheriffs: When Is It Munchausen by Proxy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreier, Herbert A.

    1996-01-01

    In cases of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy, the perpetrator (generally the mother) simulates or fabricates child abuse in order to maintain an intense relationship with hospital personnel, police personnel, child protection workers, lawyers, or school personnel. A case involving law enforcement agents as a primary "target" illustrates this, and…

  8. Allegations of unlawful discrimination in education: parents taking their fight for Auslan to the courts.

    PubMed

    Komesaroff, Linda

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the use of the Disability Discrimination Act (Commonwealth of Australia, 1992) by parents seeking access for their deaf children to native sign language in the classroom. It reviews a number of cases in which Australian parents have claimed indirect discrimination by educational authorities over their children's lack of access to instruction through Australian Sign Language (Auslan) and discusses the outcomes of such litigation. The policies endorsed by deafness organizations are contrasted with those of state educational authorities. The author discusses the limitations of a complaints-based system to address systemic discrimination and suggests the need for legislation to protect the linguistic rights of deaf children.

  9. 18 CFR 292.210 - Petition alleging commitment of substantial monetary resources before October 16, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... commitment of substantial monetary resources before October 16, 1986. 292.210 Section 292.210 Conservation of... THE PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATORY POLICIES ACT OF 1978 REGULATIONS UNDER SECTIONS 201 AND 210 OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATORY POLICIES ACT OF 1978 WITH REGARD TO SMALL POWER PRODUCTION AND...

  10. 78 FR 13547 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Alleged Crimes By or Against Contractor Personnel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background DoD published a proposed rule in the Federal Register at 77 FR 14490 on... (77 FR 14490) were not clear and implied that the applicability of the clause at DFARS 252.225-7040... and, if regulation is ] necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net...

  11. Darwin and Darwinism: The (Alleged) Social Implications of The Origin of Species

    PubMed Central

    Orr, H. Allen

    2009-01-01

    Most scientific theories, even revolutionary ones, change the practice of a particular science but have few consequences for culture or society at large. But Darwinism, it has often been said, is different in this respect. Since the publication of The Origin of Species, many have claimed that Darwinism has a number of profound social implications. Here, I briefly consider three of these: the economic, the political, and the religious. I suggest that, for the most part, these supposed implications have been misconstrued or exaggerated. Indeed, it is reasonably clear that the chain of implication sometimes primarily ran in the opposite direction—from, for instance, economics and political theory to Darwinism. PMID:19933232

  12. The alleged contributions of Pedro E. Paulet to liquid-propellant rocketry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ordway, F. I., III

    1977-01-01

    The first practical working liquid propellant rocket motor was claimed by Pedro E. Paulet, a South American engineer from Peru (1895). He operated a conical motor, 10 centimeters in diameter, using nitrogen peroxide and gasoline as propellants and measuring thrust up to 90 kilograms, and apparently used spark ignition and intermittent propellant injection. The test device which he used contained elements of later test stands, such as a spring thrust-measuring device. However, he did not publish his work until twenty-five years later. Evidence is examined concerning this only known claim to liquid propellant rocket engine experiments in the nineteenth century.

  13. ON AN ALLEGED TRUTH/FALSITY ASYMMETRY IN CONTEXT SHIFTING EXPERIMENTS

    PubMed Central

    Hansen, Nat

    2012-01-01

    Keith DeRose has argued that context shifting experiments should be designed in a specific way in order to accommodate what he calls a ‘truth/falsity asymmetry’. I explain and critique DeRose's reasons for proposing this modification to contextualist methodology, drawing on recent experimental studies of DeRose's bank cases as well as experimental findings about the verification of affirmative and negative statements. While DeRose's arguments for his particular modification to contextualist methodology fail, the lesson of his proposal is that there is good reason to pay close attention to several subtle aspects of the design of context shifting experiments. PMID:25821248

  14. A new assessment of the alleged link between element 115 and element 117 decay chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forsberg, U.; Rudolph, D.; Fahlander, C.; Golubev, P.; Sarmiento, L. G.; Åberg, S.; Block, M.; Düllmann, Ch. E.; Heßberger, F. P.; Kratz, J. V.; Yakushev, A.

    2016-09-01

    A novel rigorous statistical treatment is applied to available data (May 9, 2016) from search and spectroscopy experiments on the elements with atomic numbers Z = 115 and Z = 117. The present analysis implies that the hitherto proposed cross-reaction link between α-decay chains associated with the isotopes 293117 and 289115 is highly improbable.

  15. Alleged brain damage, diminished capacity, mens rea, and misuse of medical concepts.

    PubMed

    Perr, I N

    1991-05-01

    As focus on the insanity defense diminishes, defendants may place emphasis on a lack of knowing or purposeful behavior in order to negate a criminal charge. This use of a mens rea defense in accord with Model Penal Code principles is exemplified by the current New Jersey statute. Such a defense may result in a lesser charge or a finding of not guilty. In addition to reviewing applicable law, this report presents a sex offense case in which remote brain damage was invoked as a purported basis for incapacity to formulate the required intent; the study also raises the issue of the inappropriate or questionable use of medical principles, a practice that diminishes professional credibility in the courts and in the community.

  16. QA MANAGERS' RESPONSIBILITY TO ALLEGATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT. WHAT SHOULD THEY DO?

    EPA Science Inventory

    Although it is not the primary responsibility of QA Managers'/Officers' to deal with scientific misconduct, because of the nature of their daily activities they may encounter potential cases. It is important to maintain an ambience of openness and creativity as positive scientifi...

  17. Leadership in the Context of Conflict: A Response to Implied Allegations of Cheating

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Rosemary

    2006-01-01

    In December 2004, the "Amarillo Globe News" reported on a "Dallas Morning News" story that analyzed state-mandated test scores from across Texas (Benton & Hacker, 2004; Wilson, 2004). According the "Amarillo Globe News," "the Dallas Morning News" study implicated Sunrise Elementary School, in Amarillo, Texas, by labeling their Texas assessment of…

  18. Alternative orbital parameters for Eta Car's alleged companion star: ``panacea or placebo in a bottle?"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishibashi, K.; Davidson, K.; Humphreys, R. M.; Smith, N.

    2003-12-01

    A consensus among some scientists suggests that Eta Carinae has a massive binary companion that revolves around the primary with a 5.5-yr period, although quantitative analysis to support the hypothesis is still lacking. One cause of the uncertainty is due to a lack of well-accepted orbital parameters to refute or prove the validity of a hypothesis rigorously. In order to remedy the situation, Ishibashi (2001) has introduced a new orbital solution that puts the periastron passage roughly at 90 degrees away from outer conjunction. In this work we will examine this orbital model both quantitatively (based on RXTE/PCA and HST/STIS datasets) and qualitatively (with HST imaging datasets).

  19. On the Alleged Right to Participate in High-Risk Research.

    PubMed

    Różyńska, Joanna

    2015-09-01

    Reigning regulatory frameworks for biomedical research impose on researchers and research ethics committees an obligation to protect research participants from risks that are unnecessary, disproportionate to potential research benefits, and non-minimized. Where the research has no potential to produce results of direct benefit to the subjects and the subjects are unable to give consent, these requirements are strengthened by an additional condition, that risks should not exceed a certain minimal threshold. In this article, I address the question of whether there should be limits of permissible risks in non-therapeutic research involving competent and healthy subjects. Some commentators argue that competent and informed individuals should have a right to participate even in extremely risky research and that research ethics committees should never reject studies because they are too dangerous. To use David Shaw's expression, competent volunteers should have 'a right to participate in high-risk research'. I argue that this idea is ill-founded, as it does not take into account the social mission and complex collaborative nature of research practice as well as the inequity of power between researchers and subjects. Imposition of limits on permissible risks for healthy volunteers is justified by the need to protect research enterprise and the need to protect the weaker party, namely the subjects. Also, I suggest that the best way to set boundaries on research risks is to leave the judgment of risk acceptability to research ethics committees.

  20. Hadronization - the Unsung Hero rather than the alleged Villain in the Tale of CP Violation

    SciTech Connect

    Bigi, I. I.

    2006-02-11

    The novel successes scored by the Standard Model of High Energy Physics in the last few years concerning heavy flavour dynamics do not weaken the case for 'New Physics' around the TeV scale. They do suggest however that one cannot count on that New Physics impacting heavy flavour decays in a numerically massive way. Yet studying this impact will be essential in diagnosing the features of the New Physics. In particular the decays of beauty hadrons have to be analyzed with considerable precision on the experimental as well as theoretical side. While hadronization effects often represent the main bottleneck in our understanding in the short run, they will provide powerful and discriminating tools in the long run, when applied comprehensively and judiciously. The expertise required to exhaust the discovery potential in B decays does exist in the hadron physics community or can be developed without needing a new breakthrough -- yet a greater effort has to be made to communicate it to the heavy flavour community.