Science.gov

Sample records for allocate transportation funds

  1. 78 FR 32296 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Federal Transit Administration Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in... Administration (FTA) announces the allocation of $3.7 billion under the Public Transportation Emergency Relief... costs after an emergency or major disaster that affects public transportation systems. The...

  2. 78 FR 19357 - Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... Federal Transit Administration Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to...,000 under the Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program (Emergency Relief Program, Catalogue of... Funds published in the Federal Register on February 6, 2013 (78 FR 8691), and consistent with...

  3. 78 FR 33467 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... City Department of Transportation. Therefore, FR Doc. 2013-12766 is corrected as follows: 1. On page... Federal Transit Administration Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in... the Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program to the four FTA recipients most severely...

  4. 25 CFR 170.200 - How does BIA allocate IRR Program funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ROADS PROGRAM Indian Reservation Roads Program Funding Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology... Transportation Allocation Methodology (TTAM) that BIA uses to allocate IRR Program funds. After...

  5. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How are MCSAP funds allocated? 350.313 Section 350.313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM...

  6. Fund allocation using capacitated vehicle routing problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita; Darus, Maslina

    2014-09-01

    In investment fund allocation, it is unwise for an investor to distribute his fund into several assets simultaneously due to economic reasons. One solution is to allocate the fund into a particular asset at a time in a sequence that will either maximize returns or minimize risks depending on the investor's objective. The vehicle routing problem (VRP) provides an avenue to this issue. VRP answers the question on how to efficiently use the available fleet of vehicles to meet a given service demand, subjected to a set of operational requirements. This paper proposes an idea of using capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) to optimize investment fund allocation by employing data of selected stocks in the FTSE Bursa Malaysia. Results suggest that CRVP can be applied to solve the issue of investment fund allocation and increase the investor's profit.

  7. Vehicle routing problem in investment fund allocation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita; Mohd, Ismail

    2013-04-01

    Since its introduction by Dantzig and Ramser in 1959, vehicle routing problem keeps evolving in theories, applications and variability. The evolution in computing and technology are also important contributors to research in solving vehicle routing problem. The main sectors of interests among researchers and practitioners for vehicle routing problem are transportation, distribution and logistics. However, literature found that concept and benefits of vehicle routing problem are not taken advantages of by researchers in the field of investment. Other methods found used in investment include multi-objective programming, linear programming, goal programming and integer programming. Yet the application of vehicle routing problem is not fully explored. A proposal on a framework of the fund allocation optimization using vehicle routing problem is presented here. Preliminary results using FTSE Bursa Malaysia data testing the framework are also given.

  8. Great Expectations: An Examination of Section 180c Funding Allocations

    SciTech Connect

    Dilger, F.C.; Halstead, R.J.

    2006-07-01

    As the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) moves toward milestones in developing a plan to ship high-level radioactive waste to Yucca Mountain, an increasingly difficult issue is the distribution of Federal emergency management funds to mitigate costs of preparing for the shipments. DOE staff and contractors, and state transportation planning groups, have high expectations that some allocation formula based on technical factors can be used to distribute funds effectively and equitably. This paper examines the empirical results of a funding allocation formula proposed by the Western Governors Association among the eleven affected states which are members of the Western Interstate Energy Board. The amount of Federal funds allocated to Western states is also compared to the amount of revenue that would be generated by state-imposed fees on DOE shipments. (authors)

  9. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 470.15 Section 470.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.15 Allocation of funds. (a) DOE shall annually allocate fiscal year funds available for support among the 10...

  10. Minority Transportation Expenditure Allocation Model

    1993-04-12

    MITRAM (Minority TRansportation expenditure Allocation Model) can project various transportation related attributes of minority (Black and Hispanic) and majority (white) populations. The model projects vehicle ownership, vehicle miles of travel, workers, new car and on-road fleet fuel economy, amount and share of household income spent on gasoline, and household expenditures on public transportation and taxis. MITRAM predicts reactions to sustained fuel price changes for up to 10 years after the change.

  11. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... accordance with 24 CFR part 791, subpart D. There are three categories of section 213(d) funding allocations... notices of funding availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register. See 24 CFR part 12, subpart B; and 24 CFR... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funding....

  12. 49 CFR 350.323 - What criteria are used in the Basic Program Funds allocation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allocation? 350.323 Section 350.323 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued... REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Funding § 350.323 What criteria are used in the... minimum allocation as illustrated in the Table to this section, as follows: Table to §...

  13. 49 CFR 350.323 - What criteria are used in the Basic Program Funds allocation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... allocation? 350.323 Section 350.323 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued... REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Funding § 350.323 What criteria are used in the... minimum allocation as illustrated in the Table to this section, as follows: Table to §...

  14. 76 FR 11310 - Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ... Federal Transit Administration Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. ACTION: Alternatives Analysis Program Announcement of Project...) announces the selection of projects funded with unallocated Section 5339 Alternatives Analysis Program...

  15. 24 CFR 576.3 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Allocation of funding. 576.3 Section 576.3 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... funding. (a) Territories. HUD will set aside for allocation to the territories up to 0.2 percent, but...

  16. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of funds. (a) For this program...

  17. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... funds will be allocated based upon each Area ONAP's share of the total eligible Indian population; (ii... of poverty among the eligible Indian population; and (iii) Twenty percent (20%) of the funds will be... Indian population. (b) HUD will use other criteria to determine an allocation formula for...

  18. Subcounty Allocation oF ESEA Title I Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Thomas C.; Kutner, Stephen I.

    Congress has chosen to allocate by formula the compensatory education funds in Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I down to only the county level. From the county to the local school district the state may choose any option or allocator deemed consistent with the overall objective of concentrating the funds in districts with a large number…

  19. 25 CFR 170.202 - Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate funding among tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate... LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Indian Reservation Roads Program Funding Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology (ttam) § 170.202 Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor...

  20. 25 CFR 170.202 - Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate funding among tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate... LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Indian Reservation Roads Program Funding Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology (ttam) § 170.202 Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor...

  1. 75 FR 13223 - Funds Received in Response to Solicitations; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ...; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees, 74 FR 68720 (Dec. 29, 2009... Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Final... allocation of certain expenses by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees. The United...

  2. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  3. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  4. 45 CFR 1080.3 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.3 Allocation of funds. From the amounts made available under the Emergency Community Services Homeless Grant Program, the Secretary shall make grants to States that...

  5. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida...

  6. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida...

  7. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida...

  8. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida...

  9. Funding Allocation and Staff Management. A Portuguese Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Maria Joao; Amado, Diana; Amaral, Alberto

    2009-01-01

    For many years the Portuguese Ministry of Education used a funding formula to allocate the State budget to public higher education institutions. Some of its major objectives were higher enrolments and allocation equity. As the expenditure on salaries was a major component of the budget, the formula was supposed to force convergence to established…

  10. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... qualifying targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  11. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  12. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... qualifying targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  13. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of...

  14. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of...

  15. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971)). (1) Research by multidisciplinary... multidisciplinary teams. (2) Equipment grants. Of the amount allocated by the Director for fundamental research... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section...

  16. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971)). (1) Research by multidisciplinary... multidisciplinary teams. (2) Equipment grants. Of the amount allocated by the Director for fundamental research... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section...

  17. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971)). (1) Research by multidisciplinary... multidisciplinary teams. (2) Equipment grants. Of the amount allocated by the Director for fundamental research... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section...

  18. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6971)). (1) Research by multidisciplinary... multidisciplinary teams. (2) Equipment grants. Of the amount allocated by the Director for fundamental research... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section...

  19. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.910 Allocation of...

  20. Fund Allocations for Information Resources in China's Key Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jin-Chuan

    1999-01-01

    Allocating adequate materials funds from the university operation budget is essential if libraries in China's key universities are to successfully support their learning and research communities. This article examines funding problems, and suggests proposals for change: establish a deducting-percentage system; enhance integrated resources…

  1. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Funding and PHA Application for... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of funding. 982.101 Section 982.101 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN...

  2. Optimizing investment fund allocation using vehicle routing problem framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita

    2014-07-01

    The objective of investment is to maximize total returns or minimize total risks. To determine the optimum order of investment, vehicle routing problem method is used. The method which is widely used in the field of resource distribution shares almost similar characteristics with the problem of investment fund allocation. In this paper we describe and elucidate the concept of using vehicle routing problem framework in optimizing the allocation of investment fund. To better illustrate these similarities, sectorial data from FTSE Bursa Malaysia is used. Results show that different values of utility for risk-averse investors generate the same investment routes.

  3. Funding Higher Education in England: How HEFCE Allocates Its Funds. Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

    This guide describes the principles that underlie allocations of grants to universities and colleges by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). Formulas are used to determine how most of the money is allocated between institutions. These take into account certain factors for each institution, including the number and type of…

  4. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds available. 1340.11 Section 1340.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND...

  5. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  6. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  7. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  8. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  9. Funding the Plan: Integration of Strategic Planning and Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagel, Richard T.

    2011-01-01

    California Community Colleges are facing increased accountability while at the same time experiencing reduced and uncertain state funding. When resources are not properly allocated there is waste, public criticism, and ultimately increased oversight. A review of the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) sanction letters…

  10. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  11. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  12. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  13. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  14. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  15. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Allocation of funds available. 1340.11 Section 1340.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND...

  16. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of AFRI funds. 3430.310 Section 3430.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE COMPETITIVE AND NONCOMPETITIVE NON-FORMULA FEDERAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS-GENERAL...

  17. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences. (d) Rapid Response Food and Agricultural Science for Emergency Issues Awards. The... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.310 Allocation of AFRI funds....

  18. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences. (d) Rapid Response Food and Agricultural Science for Emergency Issues Awards. The... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.310 Allocation of AFRI funds....

  19. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences. (d) Rapid Response Food and Agricultural Science for Emergency Issues Awards. The... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.310 Allocation of AFRI funds....

  20. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds. 81.4 Section 81.4 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND...

  1. Reference allocations and use of a disparity measure to inform the design of allocation funding formulas in public health programs.

    PubMed

    Buehler, James W; Bernet, Patrick M; Ogden, Lydia L

    2012-01-01

    Funding formulas are commonly used by federal agencies to allocate program funds to states. As one approach to evaluating differences in allocations resulting from alternative formula calculations, we propose the use of a measure derived from the Gini index to summarize differences in allocations relative to 2 referent allocations: one based on equal per-capita funding across states and another based on equal funding per person living in poverty, which we define as the "proportionality of allocation" (PA). These referents reflect underlying values that often shape formula-based allocations for public health programs. The size of state populations serves as a general proxy for the amount of funding needed to support programs across states. While the size of state populations living in poverty is correlated with overall population size, allocations based on states' shares of the national population living in poverty reflect variations in funding need shaped by the association between poverty and multiple adverse health outcomes. The PA measure is a summary of the degree of dispersion in state-specific allocations relative to the referent allocations and provides a quick assessment of the impact of selecting alternative funding formula designs. We illustrate the PA values by adjusting a sample allocation, using various measures of the salary costs and in-state wealth, which might modulate states' needs for federal funding. PMID:22635187

  2. Equitable fund allocation, an economical approach for sustainable waste load allocation.

    PubMed

    Ashtiani, Elham Feizi; Niksokhan, Mohammad Hossein; Jamshidi, Shervin

    2015-08-01

    This research aims to study a novel approach for waste load allocation (WLA) to meet environmental, economical, and equity objectives, simultaneously. For this purpose, based on a simulation-optimization model developed for Haraz River in north of Iran, the waste loads are allocated according to discharge permit market. The non-dominated solutions are initially achieved through multiobjective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO). Here, the violation of environmental standards based on dissolved oxygen (DO) versus biochemical oxidation demand (BOD) removal costs is minimized to find economical total maximum daily loads (TMDLs). This can save 41% in total abatement costs in comparison with the conventional command and control policy. The BOD discharge permit market then increases the revenues to 45%. This framework ensures that the environmental limits are fulfilled but the inequity index is rather high (about 4.65). For instance, the discharge permit buyer may not be satisfied about the equity of WLA. Consequently, it is recommended that a third party or institution should be in charge of reallocating the funds. It means that the polluters which gain benefits by unfair discharges should pay taxes (or funds) to compensate the losses of other polluters. This intends to reduce the costs below the required values of the lowest inequity index condition. These compensations of equitable fund allocation (EFA) may help to reduce the dissatisfactions and develop WLA policies. It is concluded that EFA in integration with water quality trading (WQT) is a promising approach to meet the objectives. PMID:26205280

  3. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... amounts held in reserve or distributed by base or administrative allocation times the basic State factor... available for allocation−NO reserve−total base and administrative allocations) × SF. (4) Transition formula... program section. (5) Base allocation. An amount that may be allocated to each State dependent upon...

  4. 7 CFR 761.204 - Methods of allocating funds to State Offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Office determines the amount of an administrative allocation on a case-by-case basis. (c) Base allocation, to ensure funding for at least one loan in each State, District, or County Office. In making a base..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Allocation of Farm Loan...

  5. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  6. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  7. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  8. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  9. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  10. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? The...

  11. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  12. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  13. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  14. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? The...

  15. Optimal dynamic allocation of conservation funding among priority regions.

    PubMed

    Bode, Michael; Wilson, Kerrie; McBride, Marissa; Possingham, Hugh

    2008-10-01

    The optimal allocation of conservation resources between biodiverse conservation regions has generally been calculated using stochastic dynamic programming, or using myopic heuristics. These solutions are hard to interpret and may not be optimal. To overcome these two limitations, this paper approaches the optimal conservation resource allocation problem using optimal control theory. A solution using Pontryagin's maximum principle provides novel insight into the general properties of efficient conservation resource allocation strategies, and allows more extensive testing of the performance of myopic heuristics. We confirmed that a proposed heuristic (minimize short-term loss) yields near-optimal results in complex allocation situations, and found that a qualitative allocation feature observed in previous analyses (bang-bang allocation) is a general property of the optimal allocation strategy. PMID:18712571

  16. Allocating the Materials Funds Using Total Cost of Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cubberley, Carol

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the need at the University of Southern Mississippi library to review resource allocations among serials, monographs and standing orders, and to select an allocation formula. The supply and demand formula used, its implementation, and results in departmental purchasing power are described. (four references) (EA)

  17. Hedge Funds and Asset Allocation: Investor Confidence, Diversification Benefits, and a Change in Investment Style Composition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessler, Wolfgang; Holler, Julian

    Based on the belief that hedge funds are able to generate positive risk-adjusted returns (alpha) and diversification benefits in a portfolio context, many investors have included hedge funds in their asset allocation in order to optimize the risk-return trade-off of their investments. We provide evidence that more optimistic prior beliefs about expected risk-adjusted returns (alpha) lead to higher allocations into hedge funds. It appears, however, that history may not be the best guide for future fund performance and that the diversification benefits have declined over time. One reason for the lower risk-adjusted returns is a capacity effect in that previously exceptional hedge fund returns caused higher inflows to these funds and consequently a competition for alpha among investors. In our empirical analysis we provide additional evidence of other explanations for decreasing hedge fund benefits such as an increase in correlations with other asset classes and changes in the style composition of hedge funds.

  18. Needs-Based Resource Allocation in Education via Formula Funding of Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Kenneth N., Ed.; Levacic, Rosalind, Ed.

    This book explores a range of conceptual, methodological, and empirical issues concerned with the application of needs-based resource allocation in education via formula funding of schools. The notion of "needs-based formula funding" employed in this discussion refers to the impartial application of an agreed set of explicit rules to allocate…

  19. 75 FR 54530 - Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... at 48 FR 29115 on June 24, 1983, the donation of foods in such programs is included in the scope of... Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed... rulemaking would propose amendments to FDPIR regulations to ensure that administrative funding is...

  20. 78 FR 45604 - Funding Opportunity Title: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... Investment Company (SSBIC) does not need to submit a CDE certification application; however, it must register...'' those QEIs that have been properly reported in the CDFI Fund's Allocation Tracking System (ATS) by the... the CDFI Fund for receipt of reports submitted electronically typically acknowledge only a...

  1. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... qualified officers and employees in coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  2. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90 percent of the amount set aside in a fiscal....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  3. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90 percent of the amount set aside in a fiscal....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  4. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... qualified officers and employees in coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  5. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  6. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  7. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... follows: (i) Divide the number of “Low Income” households in each State by the number of “Low Income... paragraph (b)(3)(vii) of this section for each State by the residential energy expenditures per...

  8. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of poverty among the eligible Indian population; and (iii) Twenty percent (20%) of the funds will be... to each Area ONAP based on the most recent data complied and published by the United States Bureau...

  9. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... of poverty among the eligible Indian population; and (iii) Twenty percent (20%) of the funds will be... to each Area ONAP based on the most recent data complied and published by the United States Bureau...

  10. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of poverty among the eligible Indian population; and (iii) Twenty percent (20%) of the funds will be... to each Area ONAP based on the most recent data complied and published by the United States Bureau...

  11. 7 CFR 1774.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SPECIAL EVALUATION ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES AND HOUSEHOLDS PROGRAM (SEARCH) General... of funds made available for a fiscal year for water and waste disposal activities for SEARCH grants....

  12. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  13. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  14. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  15. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  16. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... weight. See paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (i) The criteria used in the basic formula are: (A) State's.... In these cases, funds will be controlled by the National Office. (2) Basic formula criteria, data source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the...

  17. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... weight. See paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (i) The criteria used in the basic formula are: (A) State's.... In these cases, funds will be controlled by the National Office. (2) Basic formula criteria, data source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the...

  18. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... weight. See paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (i) The criteria used in the basic formula are: (A) State's.... In these cases, funds will be controlled by the National Office. (2) Basic formula criteria, data source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the...

  19. The Use of Performance Criteria To Allocate Compensatory Education Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA. Educational Policy Research Center.

    This publication reports the results of an effort to assess the consequences of targeting federal compensatory funds toward all elementary students showing low achievement rather than only to those who were first low income and then low achieving. The document deals first with technical issues--the suitability, feasibility, and cost implications…

  20. Softening the Blow: Toward a Fairer Allocation of Title I Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Raegen

    2011-01-01

    The All Children Are Equal Act introduced by Rep. Glenn Thomson (R-PA) in the House of Representatives last week tackles a flaw in the way Title I, the largest program authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, allocates funds to school districts. The bill, which enjoys bipartisan sponsorship of Rep. G.K. Butterfield…

  1. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  2. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  3. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  4. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  5. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  6. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  7. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  8. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  9. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  10. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  11. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funds under section 14. 968.103 Section 968.103 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC...

  12. A Mathematical Programming Model for the Efficient Allocation of Vocational Technical Education Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, James F.

    This mathematical programing model was developed to provide the State Board of Education with complete information for evaluating decisions about the efficient allocation of vocational education funds to local school districts. The model, based on a supply-demand criterion, was tested on a set of occupational training programs within a given Labor…

  13. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... service area(s) compared to all such persons in all such areas in the United States. (2) Three-quarters of the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  14. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... service area(s) compared to all such persons in all such areas in the United States. (2) Three-quarters of the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  15. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... all such persons in all such areas in the United States. (2) Three-quarters of the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty in the grantee's designated INA service area(s) as compared to all such persons in all such areas in the United States....

  16. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... service area(s) compared to all such persons in all such areas in the United States. (2) Three-quarters of the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  17. Intra-District Resource Allocation and Criteria Used for Student Based Funding in Urban School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aloo, Peter Mangla

    2011-01-01

    Resource allocation to school sites in public school districts is inequitable. While Student Based Funding (SBF) has been implemented in several major urban school districts, there are few empirical studies about how SBF policies are derived and implemented. Current efforts to align resources with student need are hindered by a lack of systematic,…

  18. 34 CFR 381.22 - How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program? 381.22 Section 381.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROTECTION AND...

  19. 30 CFR 735.13 - Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Submission of estimated annual budgets and... GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.13 Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds. (a) Budget summaries for Federal budget. For each fiscal year, the...

  20. 30 CFR 735.13 - Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Submission of estimated annual budgets and... GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.13 Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds. (a) Budget summaries for Federal budget. For each fiscal year, the...

  1. 30 CFR 735.13 - Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Submission of estimated annual budgets and... GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.13 Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds. (a) Budget summaries for Federal budget. For each fiscal year, the...

  2. 30 CFR 735.13 - Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Submission of estimated annual budgets and... GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.13 Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds. (a) Budget summaries for Federal budget. For each fiscal year, the...

  3. 30 CFR 735.13 - Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Submission of estimated annual budgets and... GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT § 735.13 Submission of estimated annual budgets and allocation of funds. (a) Budget summaries for Federal budget. For each fiscal year, the...

  4. Student Appraisal Study and Allocation Formula: Priorities and Equitable Funding in a University Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Repp, Joan; Woods, Julia A.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a study of utilization of student employees at Bowling Green State University Library and the development of an allocation formula to provide proportional funding to tasks prioritized by relative operational importance. The study further produced an objective basis for reallocating resources from less essential to more essential tasks.…

  5. 7 CFR 1484.22 - How are Cooperator program funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How are Cooperator program funds allocated? 1484.22 Section 1484.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORT PROGRAMS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP FOREIGN MARKETS...

  6. 7 CFR 1484.22 - How are Cooperator program funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How are Cooperator program funds allocated? 1484.22 Section 1484.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP...

  7. The Allocation and Distribution of Chapter 1 Funds in New York State School Districts. Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drazen, Shelley

    This draft report examines patterns in the allocation and distribution of federal compensatory education (Chapter 1) funds in New York State school districts. To preserve local control over education, Chapter 1 aid for disadvantaged students is distributed through a three-tiered system involving a federal allotment formula, state distributions,…

  8. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds to LEAs in general. 200.70 Section 200.70 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE...

  9. Allocating Scarce Resources Strategically - An Evaluation and Discussion of the Global Fund's Pattern of Disbursements

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, David; Kinyua, Kelvin

    2012-01-01

    Background The Global Fund is under pressure to improve its rationing of financial support. This study describes the GF's pattern of disbursements in relation to total health expenditure (THE), government health expenditure (GHE), income status and the burden of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. It also examines the potential for recipient countries to increase domestic public financing for health. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 104 countries that received Global Fund disbursements in 2009. It analyses data on Global Fund disbursements; health financing indicators; government revenue and expenditure; and burden of disease. Findings Global Fund disbursements made up 0.37% of THE across all 104 countries; but with considerable country variation ranging from 0.002% to 53.4%. Global Fund disbursements to government amounted to 0.47% of GHE across the 104 countries, but again with considerable variation (in three countries more than half of GHE was based on Global Fund support). Although the Global Fund provides progressively more funding for lower income countries on average, there is much variation at the country such that here was no correlation between per capita GF disbursements and per capita THE, nor between per capita GF disbursement to government and per capita GHE. There was only a slight positive correlation between per capita GF disbursement and burden of disease. Several countries with a high degree of 'financial dependency' upon the Fund have the potential to increase levels of domestic financing for health. Discussion The Global Fund can improve its targeting of resources so that it better matches the pattern of global need. To do this it needs to: a) reduce the extent to which funds are allocated on a demand-driven basis; and b) align its funding model to broader health systems financing and patterns of health expenditure beyond the three diseases. PMID:22590496

  10. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  11. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  12. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  13. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  14. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  15. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  16. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  17. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  18. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  19. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  20. 12 CFR 1075.105 - Allocating funds from the Civil Penalty Fund-in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Civil Penalty Fund, in accordance with the following: (i) The schedule will establish six-month periods... section, the first and second periods may be longer or shorter than six months to allow future six-month... periods will constitute “six-month periods” under this part regardless of their actual length. (iii)...

  1. [Model for the regional allocation of the National Health Care Fund].

    PubMed

    Loreti, P; Muzzi, A; Bruni, G

    1989-01-01

    In 1978 a National Health Service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale = SSN) was constituted in Italy which exercises jurisdiction in the sector of health care and is duty bound to assist all citizens. Basically speaking, the NHS is organized on three levels (national, regional and local) with the management of direct operations assigned to the (about 700) Local Health Boards (Unità Sanitaria Locale = USL) each of which covers a well determined territorial area. The Authors indicate that rarely discussed or evaluated are the procedures for the regional allocation of health care funding which is determined by Parliament within the ambit of the National Budget (The National Health Care Fund). The current allocation model distributes the available capital resources for each expense item (e.g. hospitalization, pharmaceutical assistance, etc.) on a per capita basis with respect to the regional populations modified in order to allow for differing degrees of health care requirements. The regional populations are subdivided into broad age groups (e.g. children, intermediary, the elderly) with specific weighting factors expressing the different level of health care requirements. The application of these weighting factors alters the regional populations (with no change in the total population of the country) in order to express them in equivalent units with respect to the health care need. Moreover, standardized death rates are introduced into the model as indicators of the different health risk, and their application leads to a further modification in the level of the regional populations so as to express them in equivalent units with respect to the health risk as well. Once the available financial resources have been subdivided in this "theoretical" way, the following corrective factors are applied: a) hospital mobility correction factor: the regions with a credit admissions balance are assigned an additional cost which is borne by the regions with a debit admissions balance; b

  2. Role of metabolite transporters in source-sink carbon allocation

    PubMed Central

    Ludewig, Frank; Flügge, Ulf-Ingo

    2013-01-01

    Plants assimilate carbon dioxide during photosynthesis in chloroplasts. Assimilated carbon is subsequently allocated throughout the plant. Generally, two types of organs can be distinguished, mature green source leaves as net photoassimilate exporters, and net importers, the sinks, e.g., roots, flowers, small leaves, and storage organs like tubers. Within these organs, different tissue types developed according to their respective function, and cells of either tissue type are highly compartmentalized. Photoassimilates are allocated to distinct compartments of these tissues in all organs, requiring a set of metabolite transporters mediating this intercompartmental transfer. The general route of photoassimilates can be briefly described as follows. Upon fixation of carbon dioxide in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, triose phosphates either enter the cytosol for mainly sucrose formation or remain in the stroma to form transiently stored starch which is degraded during the night and enters the cytosol as maltose or glucose to be further metabolized to sucrose. In both cases, sucrose enters the phloem for long distance transport or is transiently stored in the vacuole, or can be degraded to hexoses which also can be stored in the vacuole. In the majority of plant species, sucrose is actively loaded into the phloem via the apoplast. Following long distance transport, it is released into sink organs, where it enters cells as source of carbon and energy. In storage organs, sucrose can be stored, or carbon derived from sucrose can be stored as starch in plastids, or as oil in oil bodies, or – in combination with nitrogen – as protein in protein storage vacuoles and protein bodies. Here, we focus on transport proteins known for either of these steps, and discuss the implications for yield increase in plants upon genetic engineering of respective transporters. PMID:23847636

  3. Identifying a Statistical Model for North Dakota K-12 Public School Transportation Funding by Comparing Fifteen State Transportation Funding Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holen, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the history of North Dakota K-12 transportation funding system, identify how school districts are reimbursed for transportation expenses, and compare this information with fourteen other state transportation funding systems. North Dakota utilizes a block grant structure that has been in place since 1972 and…

  4. 78 FR 47480 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Tribal Transportation Program Safety Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ...This notice announces the availability of funding and requests grant applications for FHWA's Tribal Transportation Program Safety Funds (TTPSF). In addition, this notice addresses comments received on the interim notice of funding availability (Docket No. FHWA-2013-0012), announces selection criteria, application requirements, and technical assistance during the grant solicitation period for......

  5. Optimum allocation of conservation funds and choice of conservation programs for a set of African cattle breeds

    PubMed Central

    Reist-Marti, Sabine B; Abdulai, Awudu; Simianer, Henner

    2006-01-01

    Although funds for livestock conservation are limited there is little known about the optimal allocation of conservation funds. A new algorithm was used to allocate Mio US$ 1, 2, 3, 5 or unlimited funds, discounted over 50 years, on 23 African cattle breeds conserved with four different possible conservation programs. Additionally, Mio US$ 1 was preferably allocated to breeds with special traits. The conceptional in situ conservation programs strongly involve breeders and give them part of the responsibility for the conservation of the breed. Therefore, the pure in situ conservation was more efficient than cryoconservation or combined in situ and cryoconservation. The average annual discounted conservation cost for a breed can be as low as US$ 1000 to US$ 4400 depending on the design of the conservation program and the economic situation of the country of conservation. The choice of the breeds and the optimal conservation program and the amount of money allocated to each breed depend on many factors such as the amount of funds available, the conservation potential of each breed, the effects of the conservation program as well as its cost. With Mio US$ 1, 64% of the present diversity could be maintained over 50 years, which is 13% more than would be maintained if no conservation measures were implemented. Special traits could be conserved with a rather small amount of the total funds. Diversity can not be conserved completely, not even with unlimited funds. A maximum of 92% of the present diversity could be conserved with Mio US$ 10, leaving 8% of the diversity to unpredictable happenings. The suggested algorithm proved to be useful for optimal allocation of conservation funds. It allocated the funds optimally among breeds by identifying the most suited conservation program for each breed, also accounting for differences in currency exchange rates between the different countries. PMID:16451794

  6. 76 FR 42055 - Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 97 Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units...: In the Transport Rule Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs), EPA finalized allowance allocations for 2012 and thereafter to existing units subject to the Transport Rule FIP trading programs in...

  7. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  8. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine Program ? 872.20 Section 872.20 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated...

  9. Allocating Retirement Funds between TIAA and CREF: How Should Participants Choose Now between Fixed and Variable Annuities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkiel, Burton G.

    1979-01-01

    The basic provisions of the TIAA-CREF retirement plans are outlined and the impact of inflation and falling stock prices on annuities and bonds are investigated. Major factors that should be considered when allocating contributions to TIAA-CREF funds are discussed. (SF)

  10. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities... in paragraph (b) of this section. Cross-Reference: See 34 CFR 403.113(d). (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2341... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the...

  11. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities Does the Secretary Assist Under the Basic Programs... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate...

  12. 11 CFR 106.6 - Allocation of expenses between federal and non-federal activities by separate segregated funds...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... pursuant to 11 CFR 102.5. Separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees that have established separate federal and non-federal accounts under 11 CFR 102.5 (a)(1)(i), or that make federal and non-federal disbursements from a single account under 11 CFR 102.5(a)(1)(ii), shall allocate their federal...

  13. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  14. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  15. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  16. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  17. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  18. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  19. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  20. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  1. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  2. Alternative State Funding Allocation Methods for Local School District Programs To Serve "At-Risk" Students: "Project FAIR."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, K. Forbis; And Others

    Project "FAIR" identified and evaluated alternative funding mechanisms for allocating state resources to support programs and services for at-risk youth. Information was gathered through the following activities: (1) two national surveys; (2) the development of a classification system for programs and the identification of prototype programs; (3)…

  3. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  4. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  5. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  6. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  7. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  8. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... will allocate and award $140 million to the ten States with the highest scores for each work measure as... Work Force—$21 million; (b) In FY 2002 and beyond, we will allocate and award $20 million to the ten States with the highest scores on the Food Stamp measures and $20 million to the ten States with...

  9. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... will allocate and award $140 million to the ten States with the highest scores for each work measure as... Work Force—$21 million; (b) In FY 2002 and beyond, we will allocate and award $20 million to the ten States with the highest scores on the Food Stamp measures and $20 million to the ten States with...

  10. Does earmarked donor funding make it more or less likely that developing countries will allocate their resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits?

    PubMed Central

    Waddington, Catriona

    2004-01-01

    It should not be assumed that earmarked donor funding automatically increases the allocation of developing-country resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits. Sometimes it does, sometimes it does not--how the funding is designed can influence this. This is true particularly in the longer term, once the earmarked funding has ended. Even in the short term, total funding does not necessarily increase because of fungibility (i.e. recipient governments adjust their spending to offset donor funding preferences). The author explores six problems with earmarked funding: the multiplicity of earmarked funds confuses the situation for decision-makers; earmarking works against the spirit of the sectorwide approach; from the national perspective, it makes sense not to double-fund activities; local ownership of an activity is often compromised; earmarking can lead governments to accept interventions which they cannot afford in the longer term; and earmarking can distort local resource allocation. PMID:15628209

  11. 12 CFR 1075.107 - Allocating funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... financial literacy programs. 1075.107 Section 1075.107 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL... financial literacy programs. (a) If funds available under § 1075.105(c) remain after the Fund Administrator... consumer education and financial literacy programs. (b) The Fund Administrator shall not have the...

  12. 76 FR 8675 - Prioritization and Allocation Authority Exercised by the Secretary of Transportation Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ...The Department of Transportation's Office of the Secretary (OST) is initiating this proposed rulemaking to clarify the priorities and allocation authorities exercised by the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) under title 1 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (Defense Production Act), and to set forth the administrative procedures by which the Secretary will exercise this authority. This......

  13. An algorithm for calculating exam quality as a basis for performance-based allocation of funds at medical schools

    PubMed Central

    Kirschstein, Timo; Wolters, Alexander; Lenz, Jan-Hendrik; Fröhlich, Susanne; Hakenberg, Oliver; Kundt, Günther; Darmüntzel, Martin; Hecker, Michael; Altiner, Attila; Müller-Hilke, Brigitte

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The amendment of the Medical Licensing Act (ÄAppO) in Germany in 2002 led to the introduction of graded assessments in the clinical part of medical studies. This, in turn, lent new weight to the importance of written tests, even though the minimum requirements for exam quality are sometimes difficult to reach. Introducing exam quality as a criterion for the award of performance-based allocation of funds is expected to steer the attention of faculty members towards more quality and perpetuate higher standards. However, at present there is a lack of suitable algorithms for calculating exam quality. Methods: In the spring of 2014, the students‘ dean commissioned the „core group“ for curricular improvement at the University Medical Center in Rostock to revise the criteria for the allocation of performance-based funds for teaching. In a first approach, we developed an algorithm that was based on the results of the most common type of exam in medical education, multiple choice tests. It included item difficulty and discrimination, reliability as well as the distribution of grades achieved. Results: This algorithm quantitatively describes exam quality of multiple choice exams. However, it can also be applied to exams involving short assay questions and the OSCE. It thus allows for the quantitation of exam quality in the various subjects and – in analogy to impact factors and third party grants – a ranking among faculty. Conclusion: Our algorithm can be applied to all test formats in which item difficulty, the discriminatory power of the individual items, reliability of the exam and the distribution of grades are measured. Even though the content validity of an exam is not considered here, we believe that our algorithm is suitable as a general basis for performance-based allocation of funds. PMID:27275509

  14. 75 FR 69454 - Emergency Homeowners' Loan Program: Notice of Allocation of Funding for Substantially Similar...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-12

    ...The Emergency Homeowners' Loan program, originally authorized by a 1975 statute, was reauthorized and revised by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which also made $1 billion in funding available for this program. This program, as recently revised, authorizes the Secretary to allow funds to be administered by a state that has an existing program that provides......

  15. The Global Fund's resource allocation decisions for HIV programmes: addressing those in need

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Between 2002 and 2010, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria's investment in HIV increased substantially to reach US$12 billion. We assessed how the Global Fund's investments in HIV programmes were targeted to key populations in relation to disease burden and national income. Methods We conducted an assessment of the funding approved by the Global Fund Board for HIV programmes in Rounds 1-10 (2002-2010) in 145 countries. We used the UNAIDS National AIDS Spending Assessment framework to analyze the Global Fund investments in HIV programmes by HIV spending category and type of epidemic. We examined funding per capita and its likely predictors (HIV adult prevalence, HIV prevalence in most-at-risk populations and gross national income per capita) using stepwise backward regression analysis. Results About 52% ($6.1 billion) of the cumulative Global Fund HIV funding was targeted to low- and low-middle-income countries. Around 56% of the total ($6.6 billion) was channelled to countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of funds were for HIV treatment (36%; $4.3 billion) and prevention (29%; $3.5 billion), followed by health systems and community systems strengthening and programme management (22%; $2.6 billion), enabling environment (7%; $0.9 billion) and other activities. The Global Fund investment by country was positively correlated with national adult HIV prevalence. About 10% ($0.4 billion) of the cumulative HIV resources for prevention targeted most-at-risk populations. Conclusions There has been a sustained scale up of the Global Fund's HIV support. Funding has targeted the countries and populations with higher HIV burden and lower income. Prevention in most-at-risk populations is not adequately prioritized in most of the recipient countries. The Global Fund Board has recently modified eligibility and prioritization criteria to better target most-at-risk populations in Round 10 and beyond. More guidance is being provided for Round 11

  16. 34 CFR 76.793 - When is an SEA required to allocate funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart? Except as provided in §§ 76.788(b) and 76.789(b)(3): (a) For each eligible charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must allocate funds to the charter school LEA within...

  17. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76....796 What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

  18. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76....796 What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

  19. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76....796 What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

  20. 34 CFR 76.793 - When is an SEA required to allocate funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart? Except as provided in §§ 76.788(b) and 76.789(b)(3): (a) For each eligible charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must allocate funds to the charter school LEA within...

  1. 34 CFR 76.793 - When is an SEA required to allocate funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart? Except as provided in §§ 76.788(b) and 76.789(b)(3): (a) For each eligible charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must allocate funds to the charter school LEA within...

  2. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76....796 What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

  3. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76....796 What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

  4. 34 CFR 76.793 - When is an SEA required to allocate funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart? Except as provided in §§ 76.788(b) and 76.789(b)(3): (a) For each eligible charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must allocate funds to the charter school LEA within...

  5. 34 CFR 76.793 - When is an SEA required to allocate funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... funds to a charter school LEA under this subpart? Except as provided in §§ 76.788(b) and 76.789(b)(3): (a) For each eligible charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must allocate funds to the charter school LEA within...

  6. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  7. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  8. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... requirements of 24 CFR part 950, subpart I. A PHA that is eligible to receive a grant under the CGP may appeal... Public Housing Management Assessment Program (PHMAP) (see 24 CFR part 901). The purpose of this set-aside... with the requirements of 24 CFR part 950, subpart I. (h) Allocation for CGP. The formula...

  9. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... requirements of 24 CFR part 950, subpart I. A PHA that is eligible to receive a grant under the CGP may appeal... Public Housing Management Assessment Program (PHMAP) (see 24 CFR part 901). The purpose of this set-aside... with the requirements of 24 CFR part 950, subpart I. (h) Allocation for CGP. The formula...

  10. 77 FR 43418 - Funding Opportunity Title: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... compliance requirements of other governmental programs, including other tax programs; and the applicant's (or... requirements, particularly tax credit program compliance. An applicant will also score well to the extent: it... that is in non-compliance with section 3.2(e) of its Allocation Agreement at the time of...

  11. 78 FR 13143 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding... Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the...

  12. 7 CFR 1005.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) On or before the 12th day after the end of the month (except as...) shall pay to the Market Administrator a transportation credit balancing fund assessment determined...

  13. 7 CFR 1007.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) On or before the 12th day after the end of the month (except as...) shall pay to the market administrator a transportation credit balancing fund assessment determined...

  14. 7 CFR 1007.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... area of the order in this part or the marketing area of Federal Order 1005 (7 CFR part 1005). (iii) The... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers...

  15. 7 CFR 1005.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... area of the order in this part or the marketing area of Federal Order 1007 (7 CFR part 1007). (iii) The... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers...

  16. 7 CFR 1005.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... area of the order in this part or the marketing area of Federal Order 1007 (7 CFR part 1007). (iii) The... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers...

  17. 7 CFR 1007.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) On or before the 12th day after the end of the month (except as...) shall pay to the market administrator a transportation credit balancing fund assessment determined...

  18. 7 CFR 1005.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) On or before the 12th day after the end of the month (except as...) shall pay to the Market Administrator a transportation credit balancing fund assessment determined...

  19. 7 CFR 1007.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... area of the order in this part or the marketing area of Federal Order 1005 (7 CFR part 1005). (iii) The... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers...

  20. 12 CFR 1075.106 - Allocating funds to classes of victims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the most recently concluded six-month period, of all victims in that class to whom it is practicable... classes of victims as follows: (1) Priority to classes of victims from the most recent six-month period... concluded six-month period, as determined under paragraph (b)(2) of this section. If funds remain...

  1. 77 FR 50903 - Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... 3015, Subpart V and related Notice published at 48 FR 29115 on June 24, 1983, the donation of foods in... and clarify other related program requirements was published in the Federal Register (75 FR 54530) on..., 2010 (75 FR 54530), FNS proposed to include in 7 CFR part 253 the administrative funding...

  2. An Investigation on Allocative Efficiency and Implications of New Funding Plans for the Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan; Rahman, Mohammand Mafizur

    2016-01-01

    In 2013 and 2014, the Australian Federal Government introduced the Gonski reforms and fee deregulation measures to reform the prevailing financing provisions for education sectors in Australia. The central proposition of the proposed new measures was to reduce the funding of public universities by the Federal Government. One likely consequence of…

  3. 50 CFR 80.23 - Allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fishery projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH... apportionment of the Dingell-Johnson Sport Fish Restoration funds, between projects having recreational...

  4. 34 CFR 370.30 - How does the Secretary allocate funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... funds, 34 CFR parts 74 and 81 apply to the designated agency, whether or not the designated agency is... for and receives the CAP grant, the State remains the grantee for purposes of 34 CFR parts 76 and 80... CFR part 81. (Authority: 29 U.S.C. 732 (b) and (e); Pub. L. 101-219 (Dec. 12, 1989); Pub. L....

  5. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding? 39.707 Section 39.707 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.707 Which...

  6. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding? 39.707 Section 39.707 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.707 Which...

  7. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding? 39.707 Section 39.707 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.707 Which...

  8. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding? 39.707 Section 39.707 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.707 Which...

  9. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding? 39.707 Section 39.707 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.707 Which...

  10. 77 FR 36034 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding Availability... Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for: (1) Business centered community-...

  11. 78 FR 70617 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of funding availability... (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  12. 34 CFR 76.792 - How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under a covered program in which...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... State Educational Agencies § 76.792 How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under... charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must implement procedures that ensure that the charter school LEA receives...

  13. 34 CFR 76.792 - How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under a covered program in which...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... State Educational Agencies § 76.792 How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under... charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must implement procedures that ensure that the charter school LEA receives...

  14. 34 CFR 76.792 - How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under a covered program in which...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... State Educational Agencies § 76.792 How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under... charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must implement procedures that ensure that the charter school LEA receives...

  15. 34 CFR 76.792 - How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under a covered program in which...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... State Educational Agencies § 76.792 How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under... charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must implement procedures that ensure that the charter school LEA receives...

  16. 34 CFR 76.792 - How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under a covered program in which...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... State Educational Agencies § 76.792 How does an SEA allocate funds to eligible charter school LEAs under... charter school LEA that opens or significantly expands its enrollment on or before November 1 of an academic year, the SEA must implement procedures that ensure that the charter school LEA receives...

  17. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...-Federal candidates, in accordance with 11 CFR 104.14. (b) Expenses allocated among activities. A political... political party, but do not refer to any clearly identified candidates, as described in 11 CFR 106.6(b)(1)(i... paying allocable expenses. A political committee that pays allocable expenses in accordance with 11...

  18. 75 FR 42181 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for:...

  19. 75 FR 23319 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  20. 75 FR 79072 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Notice of...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  1. 76 FR 30990 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU), Department of Transportation (DOT) ACTION: Notice of...), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for;...

  2. 7 CFR 1005.83 - Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.83 Section 1005.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... the transportation credit balancing fund. (a) The market administrator shall compute a mileage...

  3. 7 CFR 1007.83 - Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.83 Section 1007.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... the transportation credit balancing fund. (a) The market administrator shall compute the mileage...

  4. 7 CFR 1007.83 - Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.83 Section 1007.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... the transportation credit balancing fund. (a) The market administrator shall compute the mileage...

  5. 7 CFR 1005.83 - Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Mileage rate for the transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.83 Section 1005.83 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... the transportation credit balancing fund. (a) The market administrator shall compute a mileage...

  6. 78 FR 13148 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of Funding... (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for:...

  7. The Oxytocin Receptor (OXTR) Contributes to Prosocial Fund Allocations in the Dictator Game and the Social Value Orientations Task

    PubMed Central

    Israel, Salomon; Lerer, Elad; Shalev, Idan; Uzefovsky, Florina; Riebold, Mathias; Laiba, Efrat; Bachner-Melman, Rachel; Maril, Anat; Bornstein, Gary; Knafo, Ariel; Ebstein, Richard P.

    2009-01-01

    Background Economic games observe social decision making in the laboratory that involves real money payoffs. Previously we have shown that allocation of funds in the Dictator Game (DG), a paradigm that illustrates costly altruistic behavior, is partially determined by promoter-region repeat region variants in the arginine vasopressin 1a receptor gene (AVPR1a). In the current investigation, the gene encoding the related oxytocin receptor (OXTR) was tested for association with the DG and a related paradigm, the Social Values Orientation (SVO) task. Methodology/Principal Findings Association (101 male and 102 female students) using a robust-family based test between 15 single tagging SNPs (htSNPs) across the OXTR was demonstrated with both the DG and SVO. Three htSNPs across the gene region showed significant association with both of the two games. The most significant association was observed with rs1042778 (p = 0.001). Haplotype analysis also showed significant associations for both DG and SVO. Following permutation test adjustment, significance was observed for 2–5 locus haplotypes (p<0.05). A second sample of 98 female subjects was subsequently and independently recruited to play the dictator game and was genotyped for the three significant SNPs found in the first sample. The rs1042778 SNP was shown to be significant for the second sample as well (p = 0.004, Fisher's exact test). Conclusions The demonstration that genetic polymorphisms for the OXTR are associated with human prosocial decision making converges with a large body of animal research showing that oxytocin is an important social hormone across vertebrates including Homo sapiens. Individual differences in prosocial behavior have been shown by twin studies to have a substantial genetic basis and the current investigation demonstrates that common variants in the oxytocin receptor gene, an important element of mammalian social circuitry, underlie such individual differences. PMID:19461999

  8. Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: how does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?

    PubMed

    Savage, Jessica A; Clearwater, Michael J; Haines, Dustin F; Klein, Tamir; Mencuccini, Maurizio; Sevanto, Sanna; Turgeon, Robert; Zhang, Cankui

    2016-04-01

    Despite the crucial role of carbon transport in whole plant physiology and its impact on plant-environment interactions and ecosystem function, relatively little research has tried to examine how phloem physiology impacts plant ecology. In this review, we highlight several areas of active research where inquiry into phloem physiology has increased our understanding of whole plant function and ecological processes. We consider how xylem-phloem interactions impact plant drought tolerance and reproduction, how phloem transport influences carbon allocation in trees and carbon cycling in ecosystems and how phloem function mediates plant relations with insects, pests, microbes and symbiotes. We argue that in spite of challenges that exist in studying phloem physiology, it is critical that we consider the role of this dynamic vascular system when examining the relationship between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment. PMID:26147312

  9. Formula Funding and Decentralized Management of Schools--Has It Improved Resource Allocation in Schools in Sri Lanka?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arunatilake, Nisha; Jayawardena, Priyanka

    2010-01-01

    Using the experience of the Educational Quality Inputs (EQI) Scheme in Sri Lanka the paper examines the distributional aspects of formula-based funding and efficiency of decentralized management of education funds in a developing country setting. The study finds that the EQI fund distribution is largely pro-poor. However, results show that to…

  10. The Resource Allocation Program at the University of California, San Francisco: Getting More from Intramural Funding Bucks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volpe, Emanuela; Kiser, Gretchen; Henry, Roland; Giacomini, Kathy; Volberding, Paul; Waldman, Frederic; Lowenstein, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Intramural funding programs within both large and small research institutions are an essential mechanism to foster collaborative, novel, or preliminary research activity, and to further institutional research strategic goals. At most research institutions in the United States, these funding opportunities are managed by each funding agency or…

  11. Strengthening Title I to Help High-Poverty Schools: How Title I Funds Fit into District Allocation Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roza, Marguerite

    2005-01-01

    Despite the fact that funding for Title I continues to grow, and the program is now the major funding arm of "No Child Left Behind", the research reported here indicates that funds are not always spent in a way likely to accomplish the purposes of the legislation. In most urban districts a systematic bias is built into the district allocation…

  12. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks

    PubMed Central

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model’s objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior. PMID:26226109

  13. 78 FR 25339 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Tribal Transportation Program Safety Funds; and Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ... FR 47868) is eligible to apply for TTPSF. B. Eligible Uses of Funds Under section 202(e), projects... FHWA may request any applicant to supplement the data in its application, but would encourage... such as .jpg, .gif, .bmp, in your files, they should not save and submit the attachment in...

  14. 77 FR 4863 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... previous rounds of TIGER, high speed and intercity passenger rail projects remain eligible for funding... TIGER funds available to high speed and intercity passenger rail projects. 3. Applications must include... transportation modes. As in previous rounds of TIGER, high speed and intercity passenger rail projects...

  15. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  16. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  17. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  18. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  19. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  20. Algorithms for resource allocation of substance abuse prevention funds based on social indicators: a case study on state of Florida--Part 3.

    PubMed

    Kim, S; Wurster, L; Williams, C; Hepler, N

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of Part 3 is to develop an algorithm for an equitable distribution of state prevention funds to its substate jurisdictions based on the need for prevention services. In this series, the need for prevention services is measured in terms of the existing social indicators observed at the county level. In order to establish a conceptual link as well as the empirical relevance of the selected social indicators as proxy measurements of the estimated need for prevention at the county level, we have employed both concurrent and construct validity tests using the following three constructs as the criterion variables in a multiple regressing setting: 1) county-based composite drug use index score (COMDRUG) measured via the statewide drug survey; 2) county-based proportions of prevention target populations using the conceptual definition advanced by the Institute of Medicine (IOM); and 3) the composite risk factor score (COMRISK) assembled from a list of twenty-two risk and protective factors observed for each county. These constructs were identified previously in Parts 1 and 2. While employing eight social indicators to estimate the overall prevention needs observed at the county level, the social indicators thus selected were able to explain 69 percent of the variations in COMDRUG, 68 percent of the variation in the proportions of students in need of prevention services using IOM definition, and 60 percent of the variation in COMRISK. Following successful validations of the social indicators as viable media with which to estimate county-based prevention needs, the ensuing multiple regression equation is, then, used to build a resource allocation model by determining the proportion of each county's share of the total statewide COMDRUG-predicted from the social indicators and, then, by weighting the latter proportion by the population size of each county under age eighteen. In this way, we have devised county-based Prevention Needs Index (PNI) scores based solely

  1. 78 FR 41817 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... Office of the Secretary of Transportation Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business... Transportation (DOT). (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU). ACTION: Notice of... of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces...

  2. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate educational... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED...? Secondary, Postsecondary, and Adult Vocational Education Programs § 403.113 How does a State allocate...

  3. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate educational... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED...? Secondary, Postsecondary, and Adult Vocational Education Programs § 403.113 How does a State allocate...

  4. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate educational... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED...? Secondary, Postsecondary, and Adult Vocational Education Programs § 403.113 How does a State allocate...

  5. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate educational... (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED...? Secondary, Postsecondary, and Adult Vocational Education Programs § 403.113 How does a State allocate...

  6. Funding allocation to surgery in low and middle-income countries: a retrospective analysis of contributions from the USA

    PubMed Central

    Dieleman, Joseph; Dare, Anna J; Ramos, Margarita S; Riviello, Robert; Meara, John G; Yamey, Gavin; Shrime, Mark G

    2015-01-01

    Objective The funds available for global surgical delivery, capacity building and research are unknown and presumed to be low. Meanwhile, conditions amenable to surgery are estimated to account for nearly 30% of the global burden of disease. We describe funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. Design Retrospective database review. US Agency for International Development (USAID), National Institute of Health (NIH), Foundation Center and registered US charitable organisations were searched for financial data on any organisation giving exclusively to surgical care in low and middle income countries (LMICs). For USAID, NIH and Foundation Center all available data for all years were included. The five recent years of financial data per charitable organisation were included. All nominal dollars were adjusted for inflation by converting to 2014 US dollars. Setting USA. Participants USAID, NIH, Foundation Center, Charitable Organisations. Primary and secondary outcome measures Cumulative funds appropriated to global surgery. Results 22 NIH funded projects (totalling $31.3 million) were identified, primarily related to injury and trauma. Six relevant USAID projects were identified—all obstetric fistula care totalling $438 million. A total of $105 million was given to universities and charitable organisations by US foundations for 12 different surgical specialties. 95 US charitable organisations representing 14 specialties totalled revenue of $2.67 billion and expenditure of $2.5 billion. Conclusions and relevance Current funding flows to surgical care in LMICs are poorly understood. US funding predominantly comes from private charitable organisations, is often narrowly focused and does not always reflect local needs or support capacity building. Improving surgical care, and embedding it within national health systems in LMICs, will likely require greater financial investment. Tracking funds targeting surgery helps to quantify and

  7. The effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 on the regional allocation of public funds for the National Health Service in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Piola, Sérgio Francisco; de França, José Rivaldo Mello; Nunes, André

    2016-02-01

    This article analyzes the effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 in financing the Brazilian National Health Service, SUS, between 2000 and 2010. The aim was to analyze how the resources that were allocated by the three spheres of government were used on a general basis and in specific regions. Analysis was also conducted on the possible repercussions of the Amendment in the allocation of finances for SUS. The results showed: an important increase in the designated resources that were used by the three spheres of government during the aforementioned period. There was an increase in real terms of 112% in consolidated spending and an 89% increase in spending per capita by the three spheres. There was also more participation from the States, the Federal District and the Municipalities in financing the system. However, in spite of the increase in the use of financial resources, regional inequalities, in relation to spending per capita, remained practically unchanged. PMID:26910149

  8. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105 Public... transporting HHG and temporary storage? An advance of funds may be authorized when the transportation of...

  9. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... transportation department operating costs? 170.931 Section 170.931 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT... Transportation Departments § 170.931 Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs? Yes. Tribes can use IRR Program funds to pay the cost of planning, administration,...

  10. Effects of Vicarious Experiences of Nature, Environmental Attitudes, and Outdoor Recreation Benefits on Support for Increased Funding Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kil, Namyun

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of vicarious experiences of nature, environmental attitudes, and recreation benefits sought by participants on their support for funding of natural resources and alternative energy options. Using a national scenic trail user survey, results demonstrated that vicarious experiences of nature influenced environmental…

  11. Radiological transportation emergency response training course funding and timing in the southern states

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    The following is a review of the enabling statutes of 16 southern states regarding training for personnel preparing for or responding to a transportation-related emergency involving highway route-controlled quantities of spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This report outlines the funding sources and procedures for administering funds for programs attended by state and local officials. Additionally, the report outlines the views of emergency response officials in the southem states concerning the timing and administration of future federal assistance to be provided under {section}180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act. Under {section}180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the US Department of Energy (DOE) is required to provide technical assistance and funds to states for training public safety officials of appropriate units of local government and Indian tribes when spent nuclear fuel or high-level radioactive waste is transported through their jurisdictions. The Comprehensive Cooperative Agreement (CCA) is the primary funding mechanism for federal assistance to states for the development of their overall emergency management capabilities. FEMA supports 12 separate emergency management programs including the Emergency Management Training program (EMT). This program provides funds for emergency management training and technical assistance to states for unique state training needs. Funds may be used for instructors, students and other related costs.

  12. Radiological transportation emergency response training course funding and timing in the southern states

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    The following is a review of the enabling statutes of 16 southern states regarding training for personnel preparing for or responding to a transportation-related emergency involving highway route-controlled quantities of spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This report outlines the funding sources and procedures for administering funds for programs attended by state and local officials. Additionally, the report outlines the views of emergency response officials in the southem states concerning the timing and administration of future federal assistance to be provided under [section]180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act. Under [section]180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the US Department of Energy (DOE) is required to provide technical assistance and funds to states for training public safety officials of appropriate units of local government and Indian tribes when spent nuclear fuel or high-level radioactive waste is transported through their jurisdictions. The Comprehensive Cooperative Agreement (CCA) is the primary funding mechanism for federal assistance to states for the development of their overall emergency management capabilities. FEMA supports 12 separate emergency management programs including the Emergency Management Training program (EMT). This program provides funds for emergency management training and technical assistance to states for unique state training needs. Funds may be used for instructors, students and other related costs.

  13. Can a publicly funded home care system successfully allocate service based on perceived need rather than socioeconomic status? A Canadian experience.

    PubMed

    Laporte, Audrey; Croxford, Ruth; Coyte, Peter C

    2007-03-01

    The present quantitative study evaluates the degree to which socioeconomic status (SES), as opposed to perceived need, determines utilisation of publicly funded home care in Ontario, Canada. The Registered Persons Data Base of the Ontario Health Insurance Plan was used to identify the age, sex and place of residence for all Ontarians who had coverage for the complete calendar year 1998. Utilisation was characterised in two dimensions: (1) propensity - the probability that an individual received service, which was estimated using a multinomial logit equation; and (2) intensity - the amount of service received, conditional on receipt. Short- and long-term service intensity were modelled separately using ordinary least squares regression. Age, sex and co-morbidity were the best predictors (P < 0.0001) of whether or not an individual received publicly funded home care as well as how much care was received, with sicker individuals having increased utilisation. The propensity and intensity of service receipt increased with lower SES (P < 0.0001), and decreased with the proportion of recent immigrants in the region (P < 0.0001), after controlling for age, sex and co-morbidity. Although the allocation of publicly funded home care service was primarily based on perceived need rather than ability to pay, barriers to utilisation for those from areas with a high proportion of recent immigrants were identified. Future research is needed to assess whether the current mix and level of publicly funded resources are indeed sufficient to offset the added costs associated with the provision of high-quality home care. PMID:17286672

  14. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Agencies Lea and School Improvement § 200.48 Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental... school choice options under § 200.44, in the amounts required under paragraph (a)(2) of this section; and... reserves under part A of Title I and part A of Title V of the ESEA. (b) Cap on school-level reduction....

  15. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE...

  16. 25 CFR 170.404 - What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... construction funds for transportation planning? 170.404 Section 170.404 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction... tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning? In order for IRR...

  17. Sudden cold temperature delays plant carbon transport and shifts allocation from growth to respiratory demand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barthel, M.; Cieraad, E.; Zakharova, A.; Hunt, J. E.

    2014-03-01

    Since substrates for respiration are supplied mainly by recent photo-assimilates, there is a strong but time-lagged link between short-term above- and belowground carbon (C) cycling. However, regulation of this coupling by environmental variables is poorly understood. Whereas recent studies focussed on the effect of drought and shading on the link between above- and belowground short-term C cycling, the effect of temperature remains unclear. We used a 13CO2 pulse-chase labelling experiment to investigate the effect of a sudden temperature change from 25 to 10 °C on the short-term coupling between assimilatory C uptake and respiratory loss. The study was done in the laboratory using two-month-old perennial rye-grass plants (Lolium perenne L.). After label application, the δ13C signal of respired shoot and root samples was analysed at regular time intervals using laser spectroscopy. In addition, δ13C was analysed in bulk root and shoot samples. Cold temperature (10 °C) reduced the short-term coupling between shoot and roots by delaying belowground transfer of recent assimilates and its subsequent respiratory use, as indicated by the δ13C signal of root respiration (δ13CRR). That is, the time lag from the actual shoot labelling to the first appearance of the label in 13CRR was about 1.5 times longer under cold temperature. Moreover, analysis of bulk shoot and root material revealed that plants at cold temperature invest relatively more carbon into respiration compared to growth or storage. While the whole plant C turnover increased under cold temperature, the turnover time of the labile C pool decreased, probably because less 13C is used for growth and/or storage. That is, (almost) all recent C remained in the labile pool serving respiration under these conditions. Overall, our results highlight the importance of temperature as a driver of C transport and relative C allocation within the plant-soil system.

  18. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    SciTech Connect

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael J.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Babst, Benjamin A.

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scanner to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in

  19. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael J.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Babst, Benjamin A.

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scannermore » to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in carbon allocation in sorghum plants, as they advanced to maturity

  20. How important is root-derived CO2 transport via the transpiration stream when assessing belowground carbon allocation?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bloemen, J.; Agneessens, L.; Vanhaecke, L.; Steppe, K.

    2012-12-01

    Non-isotopic approaches for studying the impact of belowground carbon allocation on soil respiration are based on soil CO2 efflux measurements after interrupting the flux of photosynthates to belowground tissues (e.g. Högberg et al., 2001). However, recent research has shown that one-half of root-respired CO2 may follow an internal flux pathway via the transpiration stream which cannot be accounted for by soil CO2 efflux measurements (Aubrey & Teskey, 2009). Consequently, given the magnitude of this internally transported CO2 via the stem, established soil CO2 efflux-based approaches might routinely underestimate autotrophic respiration and the carbon needed to sustain belowground tissues. In this study, we measured simultaneously and at a high temporal resolution sap flow and internal xylem CO2 concentration at the stem base of field-grown oak trees as well as soil CO2 efflux near each tree to determine the relative importance of internal transport of root-respired CO2 when assessing belowground carbon allocation. One subgroup of trees was girdled to interrupt the flux of photosynthates to belowground tissues, while a group of non-girdled trees from the same site was used as a control. Results showed, within 5 days after girdling, decreases up to 21.8 ± 3.7% and 21.4 ± 1.1% for soil CO2 efflux and internal CO2 transport, respectively, relative to the measurements in the control plots. Moreover, we found with this new approach that efflux-based methods may substantially underestimate autotrophic respiration, as up to 44.9 ± 0.7% of root-respired CO2 can be transported upwards via the transpiration stream at periods of high sap flow. The results from this study provide the first experimental evidence that CO2 transported via the transpiration stream is strongly dependent on the current assimilate flux to belowground tissues. Therefore approaches for quantifying the impact of belowground carbon allocation on processes at root level should account for this

  1. 25 CFR 170.405 - Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road... INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian Reservation Roads Program Facilities Transportation Planning § 170.405 Can tribal transportation...

  2. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  3. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  4. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  5. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  6. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  7. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  8. 77 FR 69769 - Prioritization and Allocation Authority Exercised by the Secretary of Transportation Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-21

    ... Exercised by the Secretary of Transportation Under the Defense Production Act AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST), DOT. ACTION: Confirmation of effective date. SUMMARY: On October 1, 2012, the Department published a final rule requesting comment at 77 FR 59793 to clarify the priorities...

  9. Spending of HIV resources in Asia and Eastern Europe: systematic review reveals the need to shift funding allocations towards priority populations

    PubMed Central

    Craig, Andrew P; Thein, Hla-Hla; Zhang, Lei; Gray, Richard T; Henderson, Klara; Wilson, David; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P

    2014-01-01

    Introduction It is increasingly important to prioritize the most cost-effective HIV interventions. We sought to summarize the evidence on which types of interventions provide the best value for money in regions with concentrated HIV epidemics. Methods We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature reporting measurements of cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit for HIV/AIDS interventions in Asia and Eastern Europe. We also collated HIV/AIDS spending assessment data from case-study countries in the region. Results We identified 91 studies for inclusion, 47 of which were from peer-reviewed journals. Generally, in concentrated settings, prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes and prevention programmes targeting people who inject drugs and sex workers had lower incremental cost-effectiveness ratios than programmes aimed at the general population. The few studies evaluating programmes targeting men who have sex with men indicate moderate cost-effectiveness. Collation of prevention programme spending data from 12 countries in the region (none of which had generalized epidemics) indicated that resources for the general population/non-targeted was greater than 30% for eight countries and greater than 50% for five countries. Conclusions There is a misalignment between national spending on HIV/AIDS responses and the most affected populations across the region. In concentrated epidemics, scarce funding should be directed more towards most-at-risk populations. Reaching consensus on general principles of cost-effectiveness of programmes by epidemic settings is difficult due to inconsistent evaluation approaches. Adopting a standard costing, impact evaluation, benefits calculation, analysis and reporting framework would enable cross comparisons and improve HIV resource prioritization and allocation. PMID:24572053

  10. Aspen SUCROSE TRANSPORTER3 Allocates Carbon into Wood Fibers1[C][W

    PubMed Central

    Mahboubi, Amir; Ratke, Christine; Gorzsás, András; Kumar, Manoj; Mellerowicz, Ewa J.; Niittylä, Totte

    2013-01-01

    Wood formation in trees requires carbon import from the photosynthetic tissues. In several tree species, including Populus species, the majority of this carbon is derived from sucrose (Suc) transported in the phloem. The mechanism of radial Suc transport from phloem to developing wood is not well understood. We investigated the role of active Suc transport during secondary cell wall formation in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × Populus tremuloides). We show that RNA interference-mediated reduction of PttSUT3 (for Suc/H+ symporter) during secondary cell wall formation in developing wood caused thinner wood fiber walls accompanied by a reduction in cellulose and an increase in lignin. Suc content in the phloem and developing wood was not significantly changed. However, after 13CO2 assimilation, the SUT3RNAi lines contained more 13C than the wild type in the Suc-containing extract of developing wood. Hence, Suc was transported into developing wood, but the Suc-derived carbon was not efficiently incorporated to wood fiber walls. A yellow fluorescent protein:PttSUT3 fusion localized to plasma membrane, suggesting that reduced Suc import into developing wood fibers was the cause of the observed cell wall phenotype. The results show the importance of active Suc transport for wood formation in a symplasmically phloem-loading tree species and identify PttSUT3 as a principal transporter for carbon delivery into secondary cell wall-forming wood fibers. PMID:24170204

  11. The Impact of Proposed Changes in Liver Allocation Policy on Cold Ischemia Times and Organ Transportation Costs

    PubMed Central

    DuBay, D. A.; MacLennan, P. A.; Reed, R. D.; Fouad, M.; Martin, M.; Meeks, C. B.; Taylor, G.; Kilgore, M. L.; Tankersley, M.; Gray, S. H.; White, J. A.; Eckhoff, D. E.; Locke, J. E.

    2015-01-01

    Changes to the liver allocation system have been proposed to decrease regional variation in access to liver transplant. It is unclear what impact these changes will have on cold ischemia times (CITs) and donor transportation costs. Therefore, we performed a retrospective single center study (2008–2012) measuring liver procurement CIT and transportation costs. Four groups were defined: Local-within driving distance (Local-D, n = 262), Local-flight (Local-F, n = 105), Regional-flight <3 h (Regional <3h, n = 61) and Regional-Flight >3 h (Regional >3h, n = 53). The median travel distance increased in each group, varying from zero miles (Local-D), 196 miles (Local-F), 384 miles (Regional <3 h), to 1647 miles (Regional >3 h). Increasing travel distances did not significantly increase CIT until the flight time was >3 h. The average CIT ranged from 5.0 to 6.0 h for Local-D, Local-F and Regional <3h, but increased to 10 h for Regional >3h (p < 0.0001). Transportation costs increased with greater distance traveled: Local-D $101, Local-F $1993, Regional <3h $8324 and Regional >3 h $27 810 (p < 0.0001). With proposed redistricting, local financial modeling suggests that the average liver donor procurement transportation variable direct costs will increase from $2415 to $7547/liver donor, an increase of 313%. These findings suggest that further discussion among transplant centers and insurance providers is needed prior to policy implementation. PMID:25612501

  12. Funding, Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altman, Micah

    2009-01-01

    I show herein how to develop fundable proposals to support your research. Although the proposal strategy I discuss is commonly used in successful proposals, most junior faculty (and many senior scholars) in political science and other social sciences seem to be unaware of it. I dispel myths about funding, and discuss how to find funders and target…

  13. Differential expression of specific sulphate transporters underlies seasonal and spatial patterns of sulphate allocation in trees.

    PubMed

    Malcheska, F; Honsel, A; Wildhagen, H; Dürr, J; Larisch, C; Rennenberg, H; Herschbach, C

    2013-07-01

    Sulphate uptake and its distribution within plants depend on the activity of different sulphate transporters (SULTR). In long-living deciduous plants such as trees, seasonal changes of spatial patterns add another layer of complexity to the question of how the interplay of different transporters adjusts S distribution within the plant to environmental changes. Poplar is an excellent model to address this question because its S metabolism is already well characterized. In the present study, the importance of SULTRs for seasonal sulphate storage and mobilization was examined in the wood of poplar (Populus tremula × P. alba) by analysing their gene expression in relation to sulphate contents in wood and xylem sap. According to these results, possible functions of the respective SULTRs for seasonal sulphate storage and mobilization in the wood are suggested. Together, the present results complement the previously published model for seasonal sulphate circulation between leaves and bark and provide information for future mechanistic modelling of whole tree sulphate fluxes. PMID:23278135

  14. Report on Tribal Priority Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    As part of Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) funding, Tribal Priority Allocations (TPA) are the principal source of funds for tribal governments and agency offices at the reservation level. According to their unique needs and circumstances, tribes may prioritize funding among eight general categories: government, human services, education, public…

  15. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 9-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION AND EMERGENCY STORAGE OF A PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of...

  16. 49 CFR 262.5 - Allocation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS § 262.5 Allocation requirements. At least fifty percent of all grant funds awarded under this section out of funds appropriated for a fiscal year shall be provided as grant awards of not...

  17. 49 CFR 262.5 - Allocation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS § 262.5 Allocation requirements. At least fifty percent of all grant funds awarded under this section out of funds appropriated for a fiscal year shall be provided as grant awards of not...

  18. 49 CFR 262.5 - Allocation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS § 262.5 Allocation requirements. At least fifty percent of all grant funds awarded under this section out of funds appropriated for a fiscal year shall be provided as grant awards of not...

  19. 49 CFR 262.5 - Allocation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS § 262.5 Allocation requirements. At least fifty percent of all grant funds awarded under this section out of funds appropriated for a fiscal year shall be provided as grant awards of not...

  20. An Analysis and Allocation System for Library Collections Budgets: The Comprehensive Allocation Process (CAP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Lucy Eleonore; Blosser, John

    2012-01-01

    The "Comprehensive Allocation Process" (CAP) is a reproducible decision-making structure for the allocation of new collections funds, for the reallocation of funds within stagnant budgets, and for budget cuts in the face of reduced funding levels. This system was designed to overcome common shortcomings of current methods. Its philosophical…

  1. 41 CFR 302-10.300 - May I receive an advance of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home? 302-10.300 Section 302-10.300 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 10-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION OF MOBILE HOMES AND BOATS USED AS A PRIMARY RESIDENCE... mobile home? Yes, you may receive an advance of funds when you are responsible for arranging and paying...

  2. 41 CFR 302-10.300 - May I receive an advance of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home? 302-10.300 Section 302-10.300 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 10-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION OF MOBILE HOMES AND BOATS USED AS A PRIMARY RESIDENCE... mobile home? Yes, you may receive an advance of funds when you are responsible for arranging and paying...

  3. 75 FR 37873 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ... published a notice (75 FR 30461) announcing the availability of funding and requesting proposals for DOT's... Application Cycle) of the June 1 notice of funding availability (75 FR 30461). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.../TIGERII . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On April 26, 2010, DOT published an interim notice (75 FR...

  4. 24 CFR 574.130 - Formula allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Formula allocations. 574.130... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES FOR PERSONS WITH AIDS Formula Entitlements § 574.130 Formula allocations. (a) Data sources. HUD will allocate funds based on the number of cases...

  5. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public... of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and subgrantees shall keep on file cost allocation plans or indirect cost agreements, as appropriate, that have...

  6. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public... of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and subgrantees shall keep on file cost allocation plans or indirect cost agreements, as appropriate, that have...

  7. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  8. Geographic Information Systems-Transportation ISTEA management systems server-net prototype pooled fund study: Phase B summary

    SciTech Connect

    Espinoza, J. Jr.; Dean, C.D.; Armstrong, H.M.

    1997-06-01

    The Geographic Information System-Transportation (GIS-T) ISTEA Management Systems Server Net Prototype Pooled Fund Study represents the first national cooperative effort in the transportation industry to address the management and monitoring systems as well as the statewide and metropolitan transportation planning requirements of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA). The Study was initiated in November 1993 through the Alliance for Transportation Research and under the leadership of the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department. Sandia National Laboratories, an Alliance partner, and Geographic Paradigm Computing. Inc. provided technical leadership for the project. In 1992, the Alliance for Transportation Research, the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department, Sandia National Laboratories, and Geographic Paradigm Computing, Inc., proposed a comprehensive research agenda for GIS-T. That program outlined a national effort to synthesize new transportation policy initiatives (e.g., management systems and Intelligent Transportation Systems) with the GIS-T server net ideas contained in the NCHRP project {open_quotes}Adaptation of GIS to Transportation{close_quotes}. After much consultation with state, federal, and private interests, a project proposal based on this agenda was prepared and resulted in this Study. The general objective of the Study was to develop GIS-T server net prototypes supporting the ISTEA requirements for transportation planning and management and monitoring systems. This objective can be further qualified to: (1) Create integrated information system architectures and design requirements encompassing transportation planning activities and data. (2) Encourage the development of functional GIS-T server net prototypes. (3) Demonstrate multiple information systems implemented in a server net environment.

  9. 25 CFR 170.403 - What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian Reservation Roads... list or TTIP and request the use of up to 100 percent of their IRR Program construction funds...

  10. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  11. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  12. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  13. Simulating smoke transport from wildland fires with a regional-scale air quality model: sensitivity to spatiotemporal allocation of fire emissions.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Menendez, Fernando; Hu, Yongtao; Odman, Mehmet T

    2014-09-15

    Air quality forecasts generated with chemical transport models can provide valuable information about the potential impacts of fires on pollutant levels. However, significant uncertainties are associated with fire-related emission estimates as well as their distribution on gridded modeling domains. In this study, we explore the sensitivity of fine particulate matter concentrations predicted by a regional-scale air quality model to the spatial and temporal allocation of fire emissions. The assessment was completed by simulating a fire-related smoke episode in which air quality throughout the Atlanta metropolitan area was affected on February 28, 2007. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to evaluate the significance of emission distribution among the model's vertical layers, along the horizontal plane, and into hourly inputs. Predicted PM2.5 concentrations were highly sensitive to emission injection altitude relative to planetary boundary layer height. Simulations were also responsive to the horizontal allocation of fire emissions and their distribution into single or multiple grid cells. Additionally, modeled concentrations were greatly sensitive to the temporal distribution of fire-related emissions. The analyses demonstrate that, in addition to adequate estimates of emitted mass, successfully modeling the impacts of fires on air quality depends on an accurate spatiotemporal allocation of emissions. PMID:24973934

  14. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  15. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  16. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  17. 76 FR 32392 - Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the CY 2011 Allocation Round...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ... published by the CDFI Fund on how an entity may apply to become certified as a CDE (66 FR 65806, December 20... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting... note the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (the CDFI Fund) will only...

  18. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my... storage of your POV. Effective Date Note: By FTR Amdt. 2011-01, 76 FR 18342, Apr. 1, 2011, § 302-9.11...

  19. 75 FR 21695 - Interim Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477), or you may visit www... under Executive Order 12893, Principles for Federal Infrastructure Investments, 59 FR 4233, to base... be given to projects for which Federal funding is required to complete an overall financing...

  20. 78 FR 56773 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    .... VA published a Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register on July 9, 2013 (78 FR... final rule published in the Federal Register on April 2, 2013 (78 FR 19586), http://web2.westlaw.com... deadline, plus those received through the extended deadline of October 9, 2013. DATES: Applications must...

  1. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... provisions of this section and 23 CFR part 420. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, each MPO, in cooperation with the State(s) and public transportation operator(s), shall develop a UPWP that... cooperation with the State(s) and the public transportation operator(s), in lieu of a UPWP. A...

  2. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... provisions of this section and 23 CFR part 420. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, each MPO, in cooperation with the State(s) and public transportation operator(s), shall develop a UPWP that... cooperation with the State(s) and the public transportation operator(s), in lieu of a UPWP. A...

  3. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... provisions of this section and 23 CFR part 420. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, each MPO, in cooperation with the State(s) and public transportation operator(s), shall develop a UPWP that... cooperation with the State(s) and the public transportation operator(s), in lieu of a UPWP. A...

  4. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... provisions of this section and 23 CFR part 420. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, each MPO, in cooperation with the State(s) and public transportation operator(s), shall develop a UPWP that... cooperation with the State(s) and the public transportation operator(s), in lieu of a UPWP. A...

  5. 76 FR 4408 - Notice of Funding Availability for Applications for Credit Assistance Under the Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... January 19, 2011, at 76 FR 3190. DATES: For consideration, Letters of Interest must be submitted... on the program requirements.\\1\\ On January 5, 2001, at 65 FR 2827, the Secretary of Transportation... Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFIA) Program AGENCY: Federal Highway...

  6. 75 FR 3517 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ...The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for; (1) Business centered community- based organizations; (2) transportation-related trade associations; (3) colleges and universities; (4) community colleges or; (5) chambers of commerce, registered with the Internal Revenue Service......

  7. 78 FR 26684 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ...The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for; (1) business centered community- based organizations; (2) transportation-related trade associations; (3) colleges and universities; (4) community colleges or; (5) chambers of commerce, registered with the Internal Revenue Service......

  8. 78 FR 4973 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ...The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for: (1) Business centered community- based organizations; (2) transportation-related trade associations; (3) colleges and universities; (4) community colleges; or (5) chambers of commerce, registered with the Internal Revenue Service......

  9. 77 FR 42790 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ...The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for business centered community-based organizations, transportation-related trade associations, colleges and universities, community colleges, or chambers of commerce registered with the Internal Revenue Service as 501C(6) or 501C(3)......

  10. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  11. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  12. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  13. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  14. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  15. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  16. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  17. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  18. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  19. 75 FR 70279 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Allocation of Operating Subsidies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... Operating Subsidies under the Operating Fund Formula: Data Collection AGENCY: Office of the Chief...: Allocation of Operating Subsidies under the Operating Fund. Formula: Data Collection. OMB Approval...

  20. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a)(1) For the... local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of WIA adult funds...

  1. Sublethal exposure to azamethiphos causes neurotoxicity, altered energy allocation and high mortality during simulated live transport in American lobster.

    PubMed

    Couillard, C M; Burridge, L E

    2015-05-01

    In the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, sea lice outbreaks in caged salmon are treated with pesticides including Salmosan(®), applied as bath treatments and then released into the surrounding seawater. The effect of chronic exposure to low concentrations of this pesticide on neighboring lobster populations is a concern. Adult male lobsters were exposed to 61 ngL(-1) of azamethiphos (a.i. in Salmosan(®) formulation) continuously for 10 days. In addition to the direct effects of pesticide exposure, effects on the ability to cope with shipping conditions and the persistence of the effects after a 24h depuration period in clean seawater were assessed. Indicators of stress and hypoxia (serum total proteins, hemocyanin and lactate), oxidative damage (protein carbonyls in gills and serum) and altered energy allocation (hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices, hepatopancreas lipids) were assessed in addition to neurotoxicity (chlolinesterase activity in muscle). Directly after exposure, azamethiphos-treated lobsters had inhibition of muscle cholinesterase, reduced gonadosomatic index and enhanced hepatosomatic index and hepatopancreas lipid content. All these responses persisted after 24-h depuration, increasing the risk of cumulative impacts with further exposure to chemical or non-chemical stressors. In both control and treated lobsters exposed to simulated shipment conditions, concentrations of protein and lactate in serum, and protein carbonyls in gills increased. However, mortality rate was higher in azamethiphos-treated lobsters (33 ± 14%) than in controls (2.6 ± 4%). Shipment and azamethiphos had cumulative impacts on serum proteins. Both direct effects on neurological function and energy allocation and indirect effect on ability to cope with shipping stress could have significant impacts on lobster population and/or fisheries. PMID:25499691

  2. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS (DIRECT FEDERAL) Forest Highways § 660.107 Allocations. On October 1 of each fiscal year, the FHWA will allocate 66 percent of Public Lands...

  3. 76 FR 3190 - Notice of Funding Availability for Applications for Credit Assistance Under the Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-19

    ... specific guidance on the program requirements.\\1\\ On January 5, 2001, at 65 FR 2827, the Secretary of... Under the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFIA) Program AGENCY: Federal... Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 1998 (TIFIA), authorizing the DOT to provide credit assistance...

  4. 78 FR 57457 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas in the Federal Register on September 13, 2013 (78 FR 56773... number). Correction In FR Doc. 2013-22334, published on September 13, 2013, at 78 FR 56773, make the.../coordination-pilot/index.asp ''. It should have read, ``...

  5. Administrators' Decisions about Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, William E.; Folkins, John W.; Hakel, Milton D.; Kennell, Richard P.

    2011-01-01

    Do academic administrators make decisions about resource allocation differently depending on the discipline receiving the funding? Does an administrator's academic identity influence these decisions? This study explored those questions with a sample of 1,690 academic administrators at doctoral-research universities. Participants used fictional…

  6. Acquisitions Allocations: Fairness, Equity and Bundled Pricing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Donna

    2001-01-01

    Examined the effect of an interdisciplinary Web-based citation database with full text, the ProQuest Research Library, on the Western State University library's acquisitions allocation plan. Used list price of full-text journals to calculate increases in acquisitions funding. A list of articles discussing formula allocation is appended.…

  7. Factors associated with federal transportation funding for local pedestrian and bicycle programming and facilities.

    PubMed

    Cradock, Angie L; Troped, Philip J; Fields, Billy; Melly, Steven J; Simms, Shannon V; Gimmler, Franz; Fowler, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    Providing safe, convenient places for walking and bicycling can reduce barriers to participating in regular physical activity. We examined bicycle- and pedestrian-related investments authorized by federal transportation legislation in 3,140 counties in the United States by region, population size and urbanization, social and economic characteristics, and indicators of travel-related walking and bicycling. From 1992 to 2004, states and counties implemented 10,012 bicycle- and pedestrian-related projects representing $3.17 billion in federal expenditures. We found disparities in implementation and system-building outcomes according to population size and location and social and economic indicators. Counties characterized by persistent poverty (odds ratio=0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.53-0.91) or low educational status (odds ratio=0.66, 95% confidence interval 0.52-0.84) were less likely to implement projects. Three key policy recommendations for improving public health outcomes are drawn from this research: Improved data tracking, more explicit linkages between transportation projects and public health, and improved planning assistance to underserved communities are all seen as essential steps. PMID:19190583

  8. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Reserve Air Fleet Program of the Department of Defense. The current listing of aircraft allocations may be... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance...

  9. 24 CFR 92.60 - Allocation amounts for insular areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... this section, or for any other reason, HUD may increase the allocation amount for one or more of the... requirements. Funds that become available but which are not used to increase the allocation amount for one or... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation amounts for...

  10. 24 CFR 92.60 - Allocation amounts for insular areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... this section, or for any other reason, HUD may increase the allocation amount for one or more of the... requirements. Funds that become available but which are not used to increase the allocation amount for one or... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation amounts for...

  11. 7 CFR 1466.5 - National allocation and management.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false National allocation and management. 1466.5 Section... PROGRAM General Provisions § 1466.5 National allocation and management. The Chief allocates EQIP funds to... adjustments to national priorities and information about resource concerns and program performance. The...

  12. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761.205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY... Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula allocation for FO,...

  13. 41 CFR 302-9.12 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency or temporary storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May I receive an advance... PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE General Rules § 302-9.12 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation...

  14. Resource Allocation Models and Accountability: A Jamaican Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nkrumah-Young, Kofi K.; Powell, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) may be funded privately, by the state or by a mixture of the two. Nevertheless, any state financing of HE necessitates a mechanism to determine the level of support and the channels through which it is to be directed; that is, a resource allocation model. Public funding, through resource allocation models,…

  15. 34 CFR 673.4 - Allocation and reallocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... institution its allocation in accordance with the payment methods described in 34 CFR 668.162. (3) Unexpended... 34 CFR 675.18 (b), (c), and (f), an institution may not use funds allocated or reallocated for an... award year. (g) Authority to expend FSEOG funds. Except as specifically provided in 34 CFR...

  16. 34 CFR 673.4 - Allocation and reallocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... institution its allocation in accordance with the payment methods described in 34 CFR 668.162. (3) Unexpended... 34 CFR 675.18 (b), (c), and (f), an institution may not use funds allocated or reallocated for an... award year. (g) Authority to expend FSEOG funds. Except as specifically provided in 34 CFR...

  17. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  18. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  19. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  20. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  1. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  2. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... this section to local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of...

  3. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... this section to local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of...

  4. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... this section to local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of...

  5. Student-Based Allocation to Enable School Choice. Schools in Crisis: Making Ends Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roza, Marguerite; Simburg, Suzanne

    2013-01-01

    One way districts can enable funding portability is with the use of student-based allocation formulas that allocate funds to districts and schools based on enrollment of students and student types. The student-based allocation model enables "pocketbook power," creating incentives for schools to attract students, keep full enrollment, and…

  6. Collective credit allocation in science

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Hua-Wei; Barabási, Albert-László

    2014-01-01

    Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors’ contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability to accurately measure the relative credit of researchers could affect many aspects of credit allocation in science, potentially impacting hiring, funding, and promotion decisions. PMID:25114238

  7. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  8. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  9. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  10. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  11. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  12. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  13. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  14. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  15. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  16. 76 FR 20087 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    .... Participating States will use the Federal funds for programs that leverage private lending to help finance small... Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement AGENCY... INFORMATION: Title: State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement. OMB Number:...

  17. Funding Survey. SY 89/90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Catherine M.

    This two-part report presents the results of a budget and funding sources survey of South Carolina library media center programs. In Part 1, survey results are presented for demographic information, staffing information, funding sources, funding amounts from specific sources, allocation of resources, and categories of expenditures. In Part 2, the…

  18. 7 CFR 761.210 - CL funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false CL funds. 761.210 Section 761.210 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Allocation of Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.210 CL funds. (a) The following...

  19. 36 CFR 64.7 - Project selection and funding procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... coordinate Land and Water Conservation Fund activities. (b) The Washington Office of the Bureau of Outdoor... INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD...

  20. 36 CFR 64.7 - Project selection and funding procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... coordinate Land and Water Conservation Fund activities. (b) The Washington Office of the Bureau of Outdoor... INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD...

  1. 36 CFR 64.7 - Project selection and funding procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... coordinate Land and Water Conservation Fund activities. (b) The Washington Office of the Bureau of Outdoor... INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD...

  2. 36 CFR 64.7 - Project selection and funding procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... coordinate Land and Water Conservation Fund activities. (b) The Washington Office of the Bureau of Outdoor... INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD...

  3. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  4. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  5. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  6. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  7. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  8. 34 CFR 685.306 - Payment of a refund or return of title IV, HEA program funds to the Secretary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR 668.22 for allocating and paying a refund or return of title IV, HEA program funds that is due... program funds that is allocable to a Direct Loan to the Secretary; and (2) Shall provide simultaneous...

  9. 78 FR 72753 - Notice of Funds Availability for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    .... VA published a Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register on July 9, 2013 (78 FR... provision of VA medical care. To allow applicants more time to complete the application process, VA is... published in the Federal Register on April 2, 2013 (78 FR 19586), which is codified at 38 CFR 17.700...

  10. ABA and GA3 increase carbon allocation in different organs of grapevine plants by inducing accumulation of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, enhancement of phloem area and expression of sugar transporters.

    PubMed

    Murcia, Germán; Pontin, Mariela; Reinoso, Herminda; Baraldi, Rita; Bertazza, Gianpaolo; Gómez-Talquenca, Sebastián; Bottini, Rubén; Piccoli, Patricia N

    2016-03-01

    Grape quality for winemaking depends on sugar accumulation and metabolism in berries. Abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs) have been reported to control sugar allocation in economically important crops, although the mechanisms involved are still unknown. The present study tested if ABA and gibberellin A3 (GA3) enhance carbon allocation in fruits of grapevines by modifying phloem loading, phloem area and expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries. Pot-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec plants were sprayed with ABA and GA3 solutions. The amount of soluble sugars in leaves and berries related to photosynthesis were examined at three points of berry growth: pre-veraison, full veraison and post-veraison. Starch levels and amylase activity in leaves, gene expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries and phloem anatomy were examined at full veraison. Accumulation of glucose and fructose in berries was hastened in ABA-treated plants at the stage of full veraison, which was correlated with enhancement of Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 2 (VvHT2) and Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 6 (VvHT6) gene expression, increases of phloem area and sucrose content in leaves. On the other hand, GA3 increased the quantity of photoassimilates delivered to the stem thus increasing xylem growth. In conclusion, stimulation of sugar transport by ABA and GA3 to berries and stems, respectively, was due to build-up of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, modifications in phloem tissue and modulation in gene expression of sugar transporters. PMID:26411544

  11. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1998 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report describes fiscal year 1998 grant allocations made under the Illinois Higher Education Cooperation Act (HECA) to support programs and projects involving cooperation among higher education institutions. A total of $16.59 million was allocated. Projects recommended for grant funds include 3 new and 12 continuing interinstitutional…

  12. Individual differences in allocation of funds in the dictator game associated with length of the arginine vasopressin 1a receptor RS3 promoter region and correlation between RS3 length and hippocampal mRNA.

    PubMed

    Knafo, A; Israel, S; Darvasi, A; Bachner-Melman, R; Uzefovsky, F; Cohen, L; Feldman, E; Lerer, E; Laiba, E; Raz, Y; Nemanov, L; Gritsenko, I; Dina, C; Agam, G; Dean, B; Bornstein, G; Ebstein, R P

    2008-04-01

    Human altruism is a widespread phenomenon that puzzled evolutionary biologists since Darwin. Economic games illustrate human altruism by showing that behavior deviates from economic predictions of profit maximization. A game that most plainly shows this altruistic tendency is the Dictator Game. We hypothesized that human altruistic behavior is to some extent hardwired and that a likely candidate that may contribute to individual differences in altruistic behavior is the arginine vasopressin 1a (AVPR1a) receptor that in some mammals such as the vole has a profound impact on affiliative behaviors. In the current investigation, 203 male and female university students played an online version of the Dictator Game, for real money payoffs. All subjects and their parents were genotyped for AVPR1a RS1 and RS3 promoter-region repeat polymorphisms. Parents did not participate in online game playing. As variation in the length of a repetitive element in the vole AVPR1a promoter region is associated with differences in social behavior, we examined the relationship between RS1 and RS3 repeat length (base pairs) and allocation sums. Participants with short versions (308-325 bp) of the AVPR1a RS3 repeat allocated significantly (likelihood ratio = 14.75, P = 0.001, df = 2) fewer shekels to the 'other' than participants with long versions (327-343 bp). We also implemented a family-based association test, UNPHASED, to confirm and validate the correlation between the AVPR1a RS3 repeat and monetary allocations in the dictator game. Dictator game allocations were significantly associated with the RS3 repeat (global P value: likelihood ratio chi(2) = 11.73, df = 4, P = 0.019). The association between the AVPR1a RS3 repeat and altruism was also confirmed using two self-report scales (the Bardi-Schwartz Universalism and Benevolence Value-expressive Behavior scales). RS3 long alleles were associated with higher scores on both measures. Finally, long AVPR1a RS3 repeats were associated with

  13. Funding Diversity: Performance-Based Funding Regimes as Drivers of Differentiation in Higher Education Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorlin, Sverker

    2007-01-01

    In most countries higher education institutions used to receive large portions of their funding by direct state allocation. For the past couple of decades this trust-based funding regime has been replaced by performance-based regimes. The article rests on the empirical observation that new funding regimes are increasingly becoming a policy…

  14. Computer Processor Allocator

    2004-03-01

    The Compute Processor Allocator (CPA) provides an efficient and reliable mechanism for managing and allotting processors in a massively parallel (MP) computer. It maintains information in a database on the health. configuration and allocation of each processor. This persistent information is factored in to each allocation decision. The CPA runs in a distributed fashion to avoid a single point of failure.

  15. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  16. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  17. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  18. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  19. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  20. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  1. 7 CFR 235.6 - Use of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Use of funds. 235.6 Section 235.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS STATE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE FUNDS § 235.6 Use of funds. (a) Funds allocated under this part and 7 CFR part 225 shall...

  2. 7 CFR 235.6 - Use of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Use of funds. 235.6 Section 235.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS STATE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE FUNDS § 235.6 Use of funds. (a) Funds allocated under this part and 7 CFR part 225 shall...

  3. 7 CFR 235.6 - Use of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Use of funds. 235.6 Section 235.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS STATE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE FUNDS § 235.6 Use of funds. (a) Funds allocated under this part and 7 CFR part 225 shall...

  4. 7 CFR 235.6 - Use of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use of funds. 235.6 Section 235.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS STATE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE FUNDS § 235.6 Use of funds. (a) Funds allocated under this part and 7 CFR part 225 shall...

  5. Carbon allocation and accumulation in conifers

    SciTech Connect

    Gower, S.T.; Isebrands, J.G.; Sheriff, D.W.

    1995-07-01

    Forests cover approximately 33% of the land surface of the earth, yet they are responsible for 65% of the annual carbon (C) accumulated by all terrestrial biomes. In general, total C content and net primary production rates are greater for forests than for other biomes, but C budgets differ greatly among forests. Despite several decades of research on forest C budgets, there is still an incomplete understanding of the factors controlling C allocation. Yet, if we are to understand how changing global events such as land use, climate change, atmospheric N deposition, ozone, and elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2} affect the global C budget, a mechanistic understanding of C assimilation, partitioning, and allocation is necessary. The objective of this chapter is to review the major factors that influence C allocation and accumulation in conifer trees and forests. In keeping with the theme of this book, we will focus primarily on evergreen conifers. However, even among evergreen conifers, leaf, canopy, and stand-level C and nutrient allocation patterns differ, often as a function of leaf development and longevity. The terminology related to C allocation literature is often inconsistent, confusing and inadequate for understanding and integrating past and current research. For example, terms often used synonymously to describe C flow or movement include translocation, transport, distribution, allocation, partitioning, apportionment, and biomass allocation. A common terminology is needed because different terms have different meanings to readers. In this paper we use C allocation, partitioning, and accumulation according to the definitions of Dickson and Isebrands (1993). Partitioning is the process of C flow into and among different chemical, storage, and transport pools. Allocation is the distribution of C to different plant parts within the plant (i.e., source to sink). Accumulation is the end product of the process of C allocation.

  6. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  7. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  8. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary candidates receiving matching funds. 106.2 Section 106.2 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION GENERAL ALLOCATIONS OF CANDIDATE AND COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES § 106.2 State allocation of...

  9. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  10. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  11. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  12. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  13. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  14. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  15. 25 CFR 290.12 - What information must the tribal revenue allocation plan contain?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ENTERPRISES TRIBAL REVENUE ALLOCATION PLANS § 290.12 What information must the tribal revenue allocation plan... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What information must the tribal revenue allocation plan... organizations; or (v) To help fund operations of local government. (2) It must contain detailed information...

  16. 25 CFR 1000.102 - How are savings that result from downsizing allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are savings that result from downsizing allocated... Amounts § 1000.102 How are savings that result from downsizing allocated? Funds that are saved as a result of downsizing in BIA are allocated to Tribes/Consortia in the same manner as Tribal shares...

  17. 28 CFR 33.20 - Fund availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... shall receive a base amount of $250,000 with the remaining funds allocated to each state on the basis of... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fund availability. 33.20 Section 33.20 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal...

  18. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  19. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  20. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  1. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  2. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  3. DCB Funding

    Cancer.gov

    The Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) funds and supports extramural basic research that investigates the fundamental biology behind cancer. Find out more about DCB's grants process and funding opportunities.

  4. Risk analytics for hedge funds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pareek, Ankur

    2005-05-01

    The rapid growth of the hedge fund industry presents significant business opportunity for the institutional investors particularly in the form of portfolio diversification. To facilitate this, there is a need to develop a new set of risk analytics for investments consisting of hedge funds, with the ultimate aim to create transparency in risk measurement without compromising the proprietary investment strategies of hedge funds. As well documented in the literature, use of dynamic options like strategies by most of the hedge funds make their returns highly non-normal with fat tails and high kurtosis, thus rendering Value at Risk (VaR) and other mean-variance analysis methods unsuitable for hedge fund risk quantification. This paper looks at some unique concerns for hedge fund risk management and will particularly concentrate on two approaches from physical world to model the non-linearities and dynamic correlations in hedge fund portfolio returns: Self Organizing Criticality (SOC) and Random Matrix Theory (RMT).Random Matrix Theory analyzes correlation matrix between different hedge fund styles and filters random noise from genuine correlations arising from interactions within the system. As seen in the results of portfolio risk analysis, it leads to a better portfolio risk forecastability and thus to optimum allocation of resources to different hedge fund styles. The results also prove the efficacy of self-organized criticality and implied portfolio correlation as a tool for risk management and style selection for portfolios of hedge funds, being particularly effective during non-linear market crashes.

  5. 50 CFR 80.61 - What requirements apply to funds for the Recreational Boating Access subprogram?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.61 What requirements apply to funds... agency must allocate funds from each annual apportionment under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  6. Special Education Funding, Department of Public Instruction 99-7: An Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bezruki, Don; Barkelar, Craig; Dunning, Sarah; Lathrop, Jessica; Semeiks, Ilga; Sommerfeld, Robert

    This report reviews special education costs and funding for Wisconsin public school districts, as well as the funding relationship between special education and regular education. In addition, it compares Wisconsin's method of allocating categorical aid to methods that other states use in allocating special education funding, and presents survey…

  7. Revision of the MCSAP Allocation Formula: Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Truett, L.F.

    2000-09-12

    In 1982, Congress authorized the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP), a Federal grant-in-aid program to improve commercial motor carrier safety. MCSAP was reauthorized in 1986, 1991, and 1998. In June 1997, in anticipation of and preparation for reauthorization, a MCSAP Formula Workgroup convened to analyze requirements for a new allocation formula and to develop the formula. Because of provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), a major change in approach was to consider including performance (i.e., safety improvements) in the formula. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) actively participated in the Workgroup activities, provided technical assistance in evaluating factors and conducting scenario analyses, prepared regulatory language for the Federal Register Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), analyzed NPRM comments and recommended responses to the comments, assisted with preparation of the Federal Register Final Rule, developed the final spreadsheet, and prepared an informational brochure on MCSAP for use by the States. The allocation of MCSAP funds for FY2001 will use the new formula.

  8. Revision of the MCSAP Allocation Formula: Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Truett, L.F.; Davis, S.C.; Hu, P.S.

    2000-09-01

    In 1982, Congress authorized the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP), a Federal grant-in-aid program to improve commercial motor carrier safety. MCSAP was reauthorized in 1986, 1991, and 1998. In June 1997, in anticipation of and preparation for reauthorization, a MCSAP Formula Workgroup convened to analyze requirements for a new allocation formula and to develop the formula. Because of provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), a major change in approach was to consider including performance (i.e., safety improvements) in the formula. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) actively participated in the Workgroup activities, provided technical assistance in evaluating factors and conducting scenario analyses, prepared regulatory language for the Federal Register Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), analyzed NPRM comments and recommended responses to the comments, assisted with preparation of the Federal Register Final Rule, developed the final spreadsheet, and prepared an informational brochure on MCSAP for use by the States. The allocation of MCSAP funds for FY2001 will use the new formula.

  9. Resource allocation for efficient environmental management.

    PubMed

    McCarthy, Michael A; Thompson, Colin J; Hauser, Cindy; Burgman, Mark A; Possingham, Hugh P; Moir, Melinda L; Tiensin, Thanawat; Gilbert, Marius

    2010-10-01

    Environmental managers must decide how to invest available resources. Researchers have previously determined how to allocate conservation resources among regions, design nature reserves, allocate funding to species conservation programs, design biodiversity surveys and monitoring programs, manage species and invest in greenhouse gas mitigation schemes. However, these issues have not been addressed with a unified theory. Furthermore, uncertainty is prevalent in environmental management, and needs to be considered to manage risks. We present a theory for optimal environmental management, synthesizing previous approaches to the topic and incorporating uncertainty. We show that the theory solves a diverse range of important problems of resource allocation, including distributing conservation resources among the world's biodiversity hotspots; surveillance to detect the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus in Thailand; and choosing survey methods for the insect order Hemiptera. Environmental management decisions are similar to decisions about financial investments, with trade-offs between risk and reward. PMID:20718844

  10. Allocation without locking

    SciTech Connect

    Appel, A.W.

    1988-01-01

    In a programming environment with both concurrency and automatic garbage collection, the allocation and initialization of a new record is a sensitive matter: if it is interrupted halfway through, the allocating process may be in a state that the garbage collector can't understand. In particular, the collector won't know which words of the new record have been initialized and which are meaningless (and unsafe to transverse). For this reason, parallel implementations usually use a locking or semaphore mechanism to ensure that allocation is an atomic operation. The locking significantly adds to the cost of allocation. This paper shows that allocation can run extremely quickly even in a multi-thread environment: open-coded, without locking.

  11. 44 CFR 79.4 - Availability of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Availability of funding. 79.4... § 79.4 Availability of funding. (a) Allocation. (1) For the amount made available for the SRL program... for funding; or (2) FEMA may contribute up to 90 percent of the cost of the eligible activities...

  12. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  13. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  14. 44 CFR 79.4 - Availability of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of funding. 79.4... § 79.4 Availability of funding. (a) Allocation. (1) For the amount made available for the SRL program... for funding; or (2) FEMA may contribute up to 90 percent of the cost of the eligible activities...

  15. Alternative Model of Funding for Academic Research in Nigerian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olayiwola, Shina

    2010-01-01

    Funding of academic research in Nigerian universities by Government (5 per cent recurrent grants) is a policy dictated by the National Universities Commission (NUC) as the central body for allocating research funds. This research fund, little as it is, is irregular and inadequate and to make it worse is difficult to access. These aforementioned…

  16. Essays in the Political Economy of Higher Education Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton, Benjamin Hasty

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the consequences of political influence on state higher education funding at the committee level. The State of South Carolina has a long history of using a formula to determine the appropriate amount of funding that is to be allocated to its colleges and universities. I use the funding level implied by the South…

  17. Funding and Financing Vocational Education and Training. Research Readings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Katrina, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book of readings combines the results of a body of research on the funding and financing of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia. Funding arrangements, or how money is distributed, are described in the first section of this book and includes chapters on allocation of funding by state training authorities, the effects of market…

  18. Boston University: Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Emily

    2011-01-01

    Boston University's (BU) Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund was created in 2008 through an allocation of $1 million from the university's administrative budget. The fund is administered by the Vice President of Operations. Potential projects are identified by the university's Director of Energy Administration and Operations along with the…

  19. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS... approved Federal Lands Coordinated Technology Implementation Program studies....

  20. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS... approved Federal Lands Coordinated Technology Implementation Program studies....

  1. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS... approved Federal Lands Coordinated Technology Implementation Program studies....

  2. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS... approved Federal Lands Coordinated Technology Implementation Program studies....

  3. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled vehicle a fleet or covered person acquires that exceeds the number of alternative fueled vehicles that...

  4. The Unobtrusive Memory Allocator

    2003-03-31

    This library implements a memory allocator/manager which ask its host program or library for memory refions to manage rather than requesting them from the operating system. This allocator supports multiple distinct heaps within a single executable, each of which may grow either upward or downward in memory. The GNU mmalloc library has been modified in such a way that its allocation algorithms have been preserved, but the manner in which it obtains regions to managemore » has been changed to request memory from the host program or library. Additional modifications allow the allocator to manage each heap as either upward or downward-growing. By allowing the hosting program or library to determine what memory is managed, this package allows a greater degree of control than other memory allocation/management libraries. Additional distinguishing features include the ability to manage multiple distinct heaps with in a single executable, each of which may grow either upward or downward in memory. The most common use of this library is in conjunction with the Berkeley Unified Parallel C (UPC) Runtime Library. This package is a modified version of the LGPL-licensed "mmalloc" allocator from release 5.2 of the "gdb" debugger's source code.« less

  5. A Guide to Cost Allocation Procedures: Implementing Strategies for Universal Pre-Kindergarten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell-Browne, Acquenetta; Lederman, Nancy

    This guide is intended to assist community-based providers in New York City who intend to blend universal pre-kindergarten funds with public child care funds, Head Start, preschool special education, or other funds to provide full or extended day early education programs for children. The guide provides information on how to allocate a programs…

  6. 49 CFR 266.13 - Distribution of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Distribution of funds. 266.13 Section 266.13 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION... TRANSPORTATION ACT § 266.13 Distribution of funds. (a) Formula. Funds appropriated for or reallocated in...

  7. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  8. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  9. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  10. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  11. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) In allocating funds to a charter school LEA based on adjustments made in accordance with paragraph (a... for the academic year in which the charter school LEA opened or significantly expanded its enrollment... Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  12. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) In allocating funds to a charter school LEA based on adjustments made in accordance with paragraph (a... for the academic year in which the charter school LEA opened or significantly expanded its enrollment... Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  13. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) In allocating funds to a charter school LEA based on adjustments made in accordance with paragraph (a... for the academic year in which the charter school LEA opened or significantly expanded its enrollment... Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  14. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) In allocating funds to a charter school LEA based on adjustments made in accordance with paragraph (a... for the academic year in which the charter school LEA opened or significantly expanded its enrollment... Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  15. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) In allocating funds to a charter school LEA based on adjustments made in accordance with paragraph (a... for the academic year in which the charter school LEA opened or significantly expanded its enrollment... Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  16. Funding Backlash

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, William E.; Clark, Charlene H.

    1976-01-01

    Using California as an example, the authors illustrate how a state legislative decision relating to funding of the state university system effects the financial and academic conditions of the community colleges. (DC)

  17. Research Funding: the Case for a Modified Lottery.

    PubMed

    Fang, Ferric C; Casadevall, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    The time-honored mechanism of allocating funds based on ranking of proposals by scientific peer review is no longer effective, because review panels cannot accurately stratify proposals to identify the most meritorious ones. Bias has a major influence on funding decisions, and the impact of reviewer bias is magnified by low funding paylines. Despite more than a decade of funding crisis, there has been no fundamental reform in the mechanism for funding research. This essay explores the idea of awarding research funds on the basis of a modified lottery in which peer review is used to identify the most meritorious proposals, from which funded applications are selected by lottery. We suggest that a modified lottery for research fund allocation would have many advantages over the current system, including reducing bias and improving grantee diversity with regard to seniority, race, and gender. PMID:27073093

  18. Research Funding: the Case for a Modified Lottery

    PubMed Central

    Casadevall, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT The time-honored mechanism of allocating funds based on ranking of proposals by scientific peer review is no longer effective, because review panels cannot accurately stratify proposals to identify the most meritorious ones. Bias has a major influence on funding decisions, and the impact of reviewer bias is magnified by low funding paylines. Despite more than a decade of funding crisis, there has been no fundamental reform in the mechanism for funding research. This essay explores the idea of awarding research funds on the basis of a modified lottery in which peer review is used to identify the most meritorious proposals, from which funded applications are selected by lottery. We suggest that a modified lottery for research fund allocation would have many advantages over the current system, including reducing bias and improving grantee diversity with regard to seniority, race, and gender. PMID:27073093

  19. 34 CFR 685.306 - Payment of a refund or return of title IV, HEA program funds to the Secretary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... funds that is allocable to a Direct Loan, the school shall follow the procedures established in 34 CFR... is allocable to a Direct Loan to the Secretary; and (2) Shall provide simultaneous writ-ten notice...

  20. Funding for Curriculum Development: An Analysis of Some Policy Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Thomas F.

    The problem addressed in this paper is how to design a policy or set of policies suitable to guide the National Institute of Education (NIE) in allocating funds for projects on curriculum research and development. Principles are set forth for ranking curricular needs in the allocational agenda. Three circumstances are described that would call for…

  1. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  2. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  3. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  4. 49 CFR 1135.2 - Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State tax information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State... RECOVERY PROCEDURES § 1135.2 Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State tax information. (a) To enable the Board to calculate the revenue shortfall allocation method (RSAM), which is one of the...

  5. 78 FR 34427 - 2012 Tax Information for Use In The Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ... Surface Transportation Board 2012 Tax Information for Use In The Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method... Shortfall Allocation Method (RSAM). DATES: Comments are due by July 9, 2013. If any comment opposing AAR's... Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method, EP 646 (Sub-No. 2) (STB served Nov. 21, 2008). RSAM is intended...

  6. 76 FR 40448 - 2010 Tax Information for Use in the Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... Surface Transportation Board 2010 Tax Information for Use in the Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method... Allocation Method (RSAM). DATES: Comments are due by August 8, 2011. If any comment opposing AAR's... Shortfall Allocation Method, EP 646 (Sub-No. 2) (STB served Nov. 21, 2008). RSAM is intended to measure...

  7. Performance-Based Funding of Higher Education: A Detailed Look at Best Practices in 6 States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miao, Kysie

    2012-01-01

    Performance-based funding is a system based on allocating a portion of a state's higher education budget according to specific performance measures such as course completion, credit attainment, and degree completion, instead of allocating funding based entirely on enrollment. It is a model that provides a fuller picture of how successfully…

  8. 48 CFR 2110.7002 - Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds. (a) The Contractor is required to invest and reinvest all FEGLI... appropriate manner. If the Contractor fails to invest funds on hand, properly allocate investment income, or... originally invested, allocated, or credited in accordance with the clause at 2152.210-70 of this chapter....

  9. 48 CFR 2110.7002 - Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds. (a) The Contractor is required to invest and reinvest all FEGLI... appropriate manner. If the Contractor fails to invest funds on hand, properly allocate investment income, or... originally invested, allocated, or credited in accordance with the clause at 2152.210-70 of this chapter....

  10. 48 CFR 2110.7002 - Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Contractor investment of FEGLI Program funds. (a) The Contractor is required to invest and reinvest all FEGLI... appropriate manner. If the Contractor fails to invest funds on hand, properly allocate investment income, or... originally invested, allocated, or credited in accordance with the clause at 2152.210-70 of this chapter....

  11. Resource Allocation Strategies in Doctoral/Research University (Extensive) Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake Gonzalez, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the management of resources by library directors at 151 Public and Private Carnegie classified extensive university libraries in an environment of limited funding for higher education. This study examined the following research questions: 1. What resource allocation strategies are used by…

  12. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1997 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This publication provides individual descriptions of grants allocated by the state of Illinois for aid to higher education for fiscal year 1997 under the provisions of the State Higher Education Cooperation Act. The Act provides funds for interinstitutional grants, minority educational achievement grants, minority articulation program grants,…

  13. Alternatives Reality: What to Expect from Future Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedlacek, Verne O.

    2014-01-01

    For well more than a decade, the "endowment model" of investing has been synonymous with increasing allocations to alternative investment strategies, defined largely as hedge funds, private real estate, private equity and venture capital and other, generally less liquid or illiquid strategies compared to public markets. This trend…

  14. In the interests of time: improving HIV allocative efficiency modelling via optimal time-varying allocations

    PubMed Central

    Shattock, Andrew J; Kerr, Cliff C; Stuart, Robyn M; Masaki, Emiko; Fraser, Nicole; Benedikt, Clemens; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P; Gray, Richard T

    2016-01-01

    Introduction International investment in the response to HIV and AIDS has plateaued and its future level is uncertain. With many countries committed to ending the epidemic, it is essential to allocate available resources efficiently over different response periods to maximize impact. The objective of this study is to propose a technique to determine the optimal allocation of funds over time across a set of HIV programmes to achieve desirable health outcomes. Methods We developed a technique to determine the optimal time-varying allocation of funds (1) when the future annual HIV budget is pre-defined and (2) when the total budget over a period is pre-defined, but the year-on-year budget is to be optimally determined. We use this methodology with Optima, an HIV transmission model that uses non-linear relationships between programme spending and associated programmatic outcomes to quantify the expected epidemiological impact of spending. We apply these methods to data collected from Zambia to determine the optimal distribution of resources to fund the right programmes, for the right people, at the right time. Results and discussion Considering realistic implementation and ethical constraints, we estimate that the optimal time-varying redistribution of the 2014 Zambian HIV budget between 2015 and 2025 will lead to a 7.6% (7.3% to 7.8%) decrease in cumulative new HIV infections compared with a baseline scenario where programme allocations remain at 2014 levels. This compares to a 5.1% (4.6% to 5.6%) reduction in new infections using an optimal allocation with constant programme spending that recommends unrealistic programmatic changes. Contrasting priorities for programme funding arise when assessing outcomes for a five-year funding period over 5-, 10- and 20-year time horizons. Conclusions Countries increasingly face the need to do more with the resources available. The methodology presented here can aid decision-makers in planning as to when to expand or contract

  15. Mutual Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan L.

    1993-01-01

    There is good reason for college fund raisers and business officers to collaborate on common financial interests. Communication is a key element of such cooperation. Other needs include agreement on accounting and reporting of institutional finances, agreement on stewardship of gifts (particularly with restrictions or endowments), and common…

  16. The Relationship between Title I Funding Allocations and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Heather

    2011-01-01

    Title I legislation was enacted in 1965 under the Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged Act. The goal of Title I was to support disadvantaged students in achieving academic excellence and to close the achievement gap between disadvantaged students and students from high socioeconomic backgrounds. Despite billions of dollars, and…

  17. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding, and age of housing of any Indian tribes... areas, the demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding and age of housing of...

  18. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding, and age of housing of any Indian tribes... areas, the demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding and age of housing of...

  19. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding, and age of housing of any Indian tribes... areas, the demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding and age of housing of...

  20. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  1. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  2. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  3. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  4. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding, and age of housing of any Indian tribes... areas, the demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding and age of housing of...

  5. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  6. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  7. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... School Lunch or Commodity School Programs which has an enrollment of 40,000 or more; Provided, however... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of...

  8. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... School Lunch or Commodity School Programs which has an enrollment of 40,000 or more; Provided, however... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of...

  9. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... School Lunch or Commodity School Programs which has an enrollment of 40,000 or more; Provided, however... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of...

  10. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... School Lunch or Commodity School Programs which has an enrollment of 40,000 or more; Provided, however... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of...

  11. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... School Lunch or Commodity School Programs which has an enrollment of 40,000 or more; Provided, however... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of...

  12. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  13. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  14. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  15. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... terms of improved coastal resource management; (ii) The technical merits of the Strategy in terms of project design and cost effectiveness; (iii) The likelihood of success that the State will have...

  16. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... terms of improved coastal resource management; (ii) The technical merits of the Strategy in terms of project design and cost effectiveness; (iii) The likelihood of success that the State will have...

  17. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... terms of improved coastal resource management; (ii) The technical merits of the Strategy in terms of project design and cost effectiveness; (iii) The likelihood of success that the State will have...

  18. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... terms of improved coastal resource management; (ii) The technical merits of the Strategy in terms of project design and cost effectiveness; (iii) The likelihood of success that the State will have...

  19. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... terms of improved coastal resource management; (ii) The technical merits of the Strategy in terms of project design and cost effectiveness; (iii) The likelihood of success that the State will have...

  20. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... population with incomes below the poverty level will be 25 percent. (C) State's percentage of national...” means any of the States of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or possession of the United States, or the Western Pacific Areas.) (2) The formulas in this part are used...

  1. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  2. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...; public or private nonprofit organizations; units of local government; Indian tribal governments... duplication, to each of the following areas: prosecution, law enforcement, and victim services. Section 2002(c... requirement applies to Indian tribal governments to the extent they have law enforcement or prosecution....

  3. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND THREATENED... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered...

  4. 7 CFR 1940.961 - Allocation of appropriated funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... part 1940, exhibit A, attachment 4, of this chapter (available in any FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 State or District Office). (2) Each FY, and normally within 30 days after the... of the National Office reserve established in subpart L of part 1940 of this chapter will be used...

  5. 75 FR 32495 - Operating Fund Subsidies Allocation Formula

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... automated in the Subsidy and Grant Information System (SAGIS). DATES: Comments Due Date: July 8, 2010... collection are automated in the Subsidy and Grant Information System (SAGIS). Frequency of...

  6. 7 CFR 1738.13 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... with a population of 2,500 inhabitants or less in the state, territory, and insular possession to the number of communities with a population of 2,500 inhabitants or less in all states, territories, and insular possessions. Population will be based upon the Bureau of the Census' latest decennial census....

  7. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  8. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  9. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  10. Spectrum allocations above 40 GHz

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Katzenstein, W. E.; Moore, R. P.; Kimball, H. G.

    1981-01-01

    The 1979 World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC-79) revised the International Table of Frequency Allocations to reflect increased interest and activity in the region of the EM spectrum above 40 GHz. The total width of the spectrum allocated (235 GHz) in the region above 40 GHz indicates the extent of this new spectrum resource, made accessible by advances in the state-of-the-art of telecommunications equipment. There are some striking differences between the approach to allocation above and below 40 GHz. For example, there are not bands allocated exclusively. This reflects the characteristics of propagation and the small antenna beamwidths achievable at these frequencies. Attention is given to atmospheric window and absorption band limits, allocations to satellite services, allocations to scientific services, allocations to terrestrial services, the future refinement of the radio regulations above 40 GHz, and allocations of WARC-79 and frequency management.

  11. Funding Government Training Schemes: Mechanisms and Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felstead, Alan

    1994-01-01

    The terms on which funds are allocated to Britain's Training and Enterprise Councils (TECs) offer little financial incentive to support high-cost, high-quality training. As it stands, TECs' performance ratings improve only if they support the cheapest, easiest, and quickest means that match government output measures. (SK)

  12. Economics of spectrum allocation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melody, W. H.

    The effective and efficient allocation and use of the spectrum can be ensured only by a set of sharing rules that will reflect the interests, values, and power of all affected parties. What is now happening is that the new interests and different values of the developing countries are pressing to change the international sharing rules established by a small group of high-technology nations. It is noted that the latter have established a massive telecommunications infrastructure on the basis of inherited sharing rules that reflect only their interests and a much simplified scarcity problem. Once long-term goals and underlying principles of allocation are established, communication technologies and markets can be directed, through a series of adjustment policies, to achieve them. A crucial first step in the creation of an international information environment in which 'free' flows will be balanced flows is the establishment of a balanced and equitable set of sharing rules for the radio spectrum.

  13. Myrmics Memory Allocator

    2011-09-23

    MMA is a stand-alone memory management system for MPI clusters. It implements a shared Partitioned Global Address Space, where multiple MPI processes request objects from the allocator and the latter provides them with system-wide unique memory addresses for each object. It provides applications with an intuitive way of managing the memory system in a unified way, thus enabling easier writing of irregular application code.

  14. Lessons learned from a regional strategy for resource allocation.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Janine C; Stapley, Jonathan; Akins, Ralitsa; Silenas, Rasa; Williams, Josie R

    2005-01-01

    Two qualitative case studies focus on the allocation of CDC funds distributed during 2002 for bioterrorism preparedness in two Texas public health regions (each as populous and complex as many states). Lessons learned are presented for public health officials and others who work to build essential public health services and security for our nation. The first lesson is that personal relationships are the cornerstone of preparedness. A major lesson is that a regional strategy to manage funds may be more effective than allocating funds on a per capita basis. One regional director required every local department to complete a strategic plan as a basis for proportional allocation of the funds. Control of communicable diseases was a central component of the planning. Some funds were kept at the regional level to provide epidemiology services, computer software, equipment, and training for the entire region. Confirmation of the value of this regional strategy was expressed by local public health and emergency management officials in a focus group 1 year after the strategy had been implemented. The group members also pointed out the need to streamline the planning process, provide up-to-date computer networks, and receive more than minimal communication. This regional strategy can be viewed from the perspective of adaptive leadership, defined as activities to bring about constructive change, which also can be used to analyze other difficult areas of preparedness. PMID:16000042

  15. Attention allocation before antisaccades.

    PubMed

    Klapetek, Anna; Jonikaitis, Donatas; Deubel, Heiner

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated the distribution of attention before antisaccades. We used a dual task paradigm, in which participants made prosaccades or antisaccades and discriminated the orientation of a visual probe shown at the saccade goal, the visual cue location (antisaccade condition), or a neutral location. Moreover, participants indicated whether they had made a correct antisaccade or an erroneous prosaccade. We observed that, while spatial attention in the prosaccade task was allocated only to the saccade goal, attention in the antisaccade task was allocated both to the cued location and to the antisaccade goal. This suggests parallel attentional selection of the cued and antisaccade locations. We further observed that in error trials--in which participants made an incorrect prosaccade instead of an antisaccade--spatial attention was biased towards the prosaccade goal. These erroneous prosaccades were mostly unnoticed and were often followed by corrective antisaccades with very short latencies (<100 ms). Data from error trials therefore provide further evidence for the parallel programming of the reflexive prosaccade to the cue and the antisaccade to the intended location. Taken together, our results suggest that attention allocation and saccade goal selection in the antisaccade task are mediated by a common competitive process. PMID:26790843

  16. A Framework for Optimal Control Allocation with Structural Load Constraints

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan A.; Taylor, Brian R.; Jutte, Christine V.; Burken, John J.; Trinh, Khanh V.; Bodson, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Conventional aircraft generally employ mixing algorithms or lookup tables to determine control surface deflections needed to achieve moments commanded by the flight control system. Control allocation is the problem of converting desired moments into control effector commands. Next generation aircraft may have many multipurpose, redundant control surfaces, adding considerable complexity to the control allocation problem. These issues can be addressed with optimal control allocation. Most optimal control allocation algorithms have control surface position and rate constraints. However, these constraints are insufficient to ensure that the aircraft's structural load limits will not be exceeded by commanded surface deflections. In this paper, a framework is proposed to enable a flight control system with optimal control allocation to incorporate real-time structural load feedback and structural load constraints. A proof of concept simulation that demonstrates the framework in a simulation of a generic transport aircraft is presented.

  17. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  18. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  19. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  20. Colorado Handbook for State-Funded Student Assistance Programs. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Commission on Higher Education, Denver.

    Policies and procedures established by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education for the use of state-funded student assistance are presented. Annual budget ranges, sample forms, and instructions are included. In addition to providing definitions and general policy information, the guidelines cover fund application and allocation; accounting,…