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Sample records for allocate transportation funds

  1. 78 FR 33467 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... for Correction The FTA notice published in the Federal Register on May 29, 2013 (78 FR 32296), FR Doc... incorrect discretionary funding IDs for the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority and the New York City Department of Transportation. Therefore, FR Doc. 2013-12766 is corrected as follows: 1. On...

  2. 78 FR 19357 - Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ... Funds published in the Federal Register on February 6, 2013 (78 FR 8691), and consistent with the...'s Emergency Relief Program for recovery, relief and resiliency efforts for public transportation in... the affected agencies, excluding projects to improve the resiliency of the affected systems to...

  3. 76 FR 11310 - Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ... Federal Transit Administration Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations AGENCY... Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) on May 28, 2010. The Alternatives Analysis Program assists... address transportation needs in a defined travel corridor. Through these funding awards, FTA will...

  4. 78 FR 32296 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... allocations (see 78 FR 19357, March 29, 2013), total allocations for recovery and rebuilding are equivalent to..., and other evidence of expenses to assist FTA in periodically validating the eligibility and... identified in its initial review; conduct forensic reviews of payment requisitions and...

  5. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How are MCSAP funds allocated? 350.313 Section 350.313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM...

  6. 10 CFR 455.30 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 455.30 Section 455.30 Energy... § 455.30 Allocation of funds. (a) DOE will allocate available funds among the States for two purposes... that are eligible pursuant to § 455.91, up to 100 percent of the funds allocated to the State by...

  7. 45 CFR 152.33 - Initial allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Initial allocation of funds. 152.33 Section 152.33...-EXISTING CONDITION INSURANCE PLAN PROGRAM Funding § 152.33 Initial allocation of funds. HHS will establish... State using a methodology consistent with that used to established allocations under the...

  8. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 470.15 Section 470.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM § 470.15 Allocation of funds. (a) DOE shall annually allocate fiscal year funds available for support among the 10...

  9. Minority Transportation Expenditure Allocation Model

    SciTech Connect

    Vyas, Anant D.; Santini, Danilo J.; Marik, Sheri K.

    1993-04-12

    MITRAM (Minority TRansportation expenditure Allocation Model) can project various transportation related attributes of minority (Black and Hispanic) and majority (white) populations. The model projects vehicle ownership, vehicle miles of travel, workers, new car and on-road fleet fuel economy, amount and share of household income spent on gasoline, and household expenditures on public transportation and taxis. MITRAM predicts reactions to sustained fuel price changes for up to 10 years after the change.

  10. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section 3430... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.311 Allocation of research funds. (a) Fundamental research. Of the amount allocated by the Director for research, not less than 60 percent shall...

  11. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section 3430... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.311 Allocation of research funds. (a) Fundamental research. Of the amount allocated by the Director for research, not less than 60 percent shall...

  12. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252... EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of funds... available in the CETA, IV-C Fiscal Year 1983 program. (b) Allocations shall be made to eligible...

  13. 7 CFR 1738.13 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 1738.13 Section 1738.13 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Allocation of funds. (a) On October 1, of each fiscal year, or as soon as possible after funds...

  14. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... accordance with 24 CFR part 791, subpart D. There are three categories of section 213(d) funding allocations... notices of funding availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register. See 24 CFR part 12, subpart B; and 24 CFR... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funding....

  15. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Development State office. (b) Definitions—(1) Amount available for allocations. Funds appropriated or... population with incomes below the poverty level will be 25 percent. (C) State's percentage of...

  16. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.310 Allocation of AFRI funds. (a) General. The Secretary shall decide the allocation of funds among research, education, extension, and integrated multifunctional projects in an appropriate manner and in accordance with the...

  17. Subcounty Allocation oF ESEA Title I Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Thomas C.; Kutner, Stephen I.

    Congress has chosen to allocate by formula the compensatory education funds in Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I down to only the county level. From the county to the local school district the state may choose any option or allocator deemed consistent with the overall objective of concentrating the funds in districts with a large number…

  18. 45 CFR 1080.3 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds. 1080.3 Section 1080.3 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF COMMUNITY SERVICES, ADMINISTRATION... HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.3 Allocation of funds. From the amounts made available under the...

  19. 24 CFR 576.3 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Allocation of funding. 576.3 Section 576.3 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... funding. (a) Territories. HUD will set aside for allocation to the territories up to 0.2 percent, but...

  20. 20 CFR 633.105 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 633.105 Section 633.105 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORKER PROGRAMS Introductory Provisions § 633.105 Allocation of funds. (a) National Account. (1) Up to...

  1. 45 CFR 1080.3 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allocation of funds. 1080.3 Section 1080.3 Public... HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.3 Allocation of funds. From the amounts made available under the Emergency... the amount set aside for Indian tribes in § 1080.7(a) of this chapter. Such grants shall be...

  2. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of...

  3. Funding Allocation and Staff Management. A Portuguese Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Maria Joao; Amado, Diana; Amaral, Alberto

    2009-01-01

    For many years the Portuguese Ministry of Education used a funding formula to allocate the State budget to public higher education institutions. Some of its major objectives were higher enrolments and allocation equity. As the expenditure on salaries was a major component of the budget, the formula was supposed to force convergence to established…

  4. The Allocation of Materials Funds. SPEC Kit 36.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.

    This Association of Research Libraries (ARL) kit contains source documents providing information on the general background, statistics/criteria, formulas, and decision-making processes used in the allocation of materials funds in academic libraries. The kit comprises: (1) a working paper on "Guidelines for the Allocation of Library Materials…

  5. 20 CFR 633.106 - Eligibility for allocable funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility for allocable funds. 633.106 Section 633.106 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORKER PROGRAMS Introductory Provisions § 633.106 Eligibility for allocable...

  6. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... qualifying targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  7. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... qualifying targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  8. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  9. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with 24 CFR part 791, subpart D. There are three categories of section 213(d) funding allocations... notices of funding availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register. See 24 CFR part 12, subpart B; and 24 CFR... (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  10. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... accordance with 24 CFR part 791, subpart D. There are three categories of section 213(d) funding allocations... notices of funding availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register. See 24 CFR part 12, subpart B; and 24 CFR... (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  11. Fund Allocations for Information Resources in China's Key Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jin-Chuan

    1999-01-01

    Allocating adequate materials funds from the university operation budget is essential if libraries in China's key universities are to successfully support their learning and research communities. This article examines funding problems, and suggests proposals for change: establish a deducting-percentage system; enhance integrated resources…

  12. Funding Higher Education in England: How HEFCE Allocates Its Funds. Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

    This guide describes the principles that underlie allocations of grants to universities and colleges by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). Formulas are used to determine how most of the money is allocated between institutions. These take into account certain factors for each institution, including the number and type of…

  13. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  14. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  15. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  16. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  17. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  18. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  19. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  20. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  1. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  2. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  3. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  4. Funding the Plan: Integration of Strategic Planning and Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagel, Richard T.

    2011-01-01

    California Community Colleges are facing increased accountability while at the same time experiencing reduced and uncertain state funding. When resources are not properly allocated there is waste, public criticism, and ultimately increased oversight. A review of the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) sanction letters…

  5. Allocating Federal Funds for State Programs for English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academies Press, 2011

    2011-01-01

    As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), the allocation of federal funds for…

  6. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  7. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds. 81.4 Section 81.4 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND...

  8. 45 CFR 402.34 - Allocation of unexpended funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of unexpended funds. 402.34 Section 402.34 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION...

  9. Quantifying the Allocation of Monograph Funds: An Instance in Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPheron, William

    1983-01-01

    A formula for distributing monograph funds was developed within the University of Cincinnati Central Libraries System. Relying on a combination of objective data and professional judgment, the method employs a size-of-literature approach to the allocations process and incorporates need and enrollment factors. Eleven sources are included. (EJS)

  10. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  11. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Area ONAP allocation of funds. 1003.101 Section 1003.101 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE...

  12. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Area ONAP allocation of funds. 1003.101 Section 1003.101 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE...

  13. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.4 Allocation of funds....

  14. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.4 Allocation of funds....

  15. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.4 Allocation of funds....

  16. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.4 Allocation of funds....

  17. 45 CFR 402.34 - Allocation of unexpended funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Allocation of unexpended funds. 402.34 Section 402.34 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION...

  18. How a new funding model will shift allocations from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

    PubMed

    Fan, Victoria Y; Glassman, Amanda; Silverman, Rachel L

    2014-12-01

    Policy makers deciding how to fund global health programs in low- and middle-income countries face important but difficult questions about how to allocate resources across countries. In this article we present a typology of three allocation methodologies to align allocations with priorities. We then apply our typology to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. We examined the Global Fund's historical HIV allocations and its predicted allocations under a new funding model that creates an explicit allocation methodology. We found that under the new funding model, substantial shifts in the Global Fund's portfolio are likely to result from concentrating resources in countries with more HIV cases and lower per capita incomes. For example, South Africa, which had 15.8 percent of global HIV cases in 2009, could see its Global Fund HIV funding more than triple, from historic levels that averaged 3.0 percent to 9.7 percent of total Global Fund allocations. The new funding model methodology is expected, but not guaranteed, to improve the efficiency of Global Fund allocations in comparison to historical practice. We conclude with recommendations for the Global Fund and other global health donors to further develop their allocation methodologies and processes to improve efficiency and transparency.

  19. 75 FR 13223 - Funds Received in Response to Solicitations; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ...''). See id. At the direction of the Court of Appeals, the United States District Court for the District of...; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees, 74 FR 68720 (Dec. 29, 2009... administrative expenses, generic voter drives, and public communications that referred to a political party,...

  20. Equitable fund allocation, an economical approach for sustainable waste load allocation.

    PubMed

    Ashtiani, Elham Feizi; Niksokhan, Mohammad Hossein; Jamshidi, Shervin

    2015-08-01

    This research aims to study a novel approach for waste load allocation (WLA) to meet environmental, economical, and equity objectives, simultaneously. For this purpose, based on a simulation-optimization model developed for Haraz River in north of Iran, the waste loads are allocated according to discharge permit market. The non-dominated solutions are initially achieved through multiobjective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO). Here, the violation of environmental standards based on dissolved oxygen (DO) versus biochemical oxidation demand (BOD) removal costs is minimized to find economical total maximum daily loads (TMDLs). This can save 41% in total abatement costs in comparison with the conventional command and control policy. The BOD discharge permit market then increases the revenues to 45%. This framework ensures that the environmental limits are fulfilled but the inequity index is rather high (about 4.65). For instance, the discharge permit buyer may not be satisfied about the equity of WLA. Consequently, it is recommended that a third party or institution should be in charge of reallocating the funds. It means that the polluters which gain benefits by unfair discharges should pay taxes (or funds) to compensate the losses of other polluters. This intends to reduce the costs below the required values of the lowest inequity index condition. These compensations of equitable fund allocation (EFA) may help to reduce the dissatisfactions and develop WLA policies. It is concluded that EFA in integration with water quality trading (WQT) is a promising approach to meet the objectives.

  1. 20 CFR 618.910 - Distribution of initial allocation of training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... to make the initial allocation of training funds, the Department will apply, as provided in paragraph... Training Funds to States § 618.910 Distribution of initial allocation of training funds. (a) Initial... training cap for that year, even if the full amount has not been appropriated to the Department at...

  2. 20 CFR 618.910 - Distribution of initial allocation of training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... to make the initial allocation of training funds, the Department will apply, as provided in paragraph... Training Funds to States § 618.910 Distribution of initial allocation of training funds. (a) Initial... training cap for that year, even if the full amount has not been appropriated to the Department at...

  3. 20 CFR 618.910 - Distribution of initial allocation of training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... to make the initial allocation of training funds, the Department will apply, as provided in paragraph... Training Funds to States § 618.910 Distribution of initial allocation of training funds. (a) Initial... training cap for that year, even if the full amount has not been appropriated to the Department at...

  4. 20 CFR 618.910 - Distribution of initial allocation of training funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... to make the initial allocation of training funds, the Department will apply, as provided in paragraph... Training Funds to States § 618.910 Distribution of initial allocation of training funds. (a) Initial... training cap for that year, even if the full amount has not been appropriated to the Department at...

  5. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  6. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  7. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  8. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  9. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  10. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  11. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  12. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... ACT The MSFW Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth...

  13. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? The...

  14. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? 669.650 Section 669.650 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION... Youth Program § 669.650 How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees? The...

  15. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds under section 14. 968.103 Section 968.103 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MODERNIZATION General § 968.103 Allocation of funds under section...

  16. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of funds under section 14. 968.103 Section 968.103 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MODERNIZATION General § 968.103 Allocation of funds under section...

  17. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of funds under section 14. 968.103 Section 968.103 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MODERNIZATION General § 968.103 Allocation of funds under section...

  18. 24 CFR 968.103 - Allocation of funds under section 14.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funds under section 14. 968.103 Section 968.103 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MODERNIZATION General § 968.103 Allocation of funds under section...

  19. Hedge Funds and Asset Allocation: Investor Confidence, Diversification Benefits, and a Change in Investment Style Composition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessler, Wolfgang; Holler, Julian

    Based on the belief that hedge funds are able to generate positive risk-adjusted returns (alpha) and diversification benefits in a portfolio context, many investors have included hedge funds in their asset allocation in order to optimize the risk-return trade-off of their investments. We provide evidence that more optimistic prior beliefs about expected risk-adjusted returns (alpha) lead to higher allocations into hedge funds. It appears, however, that history may not be the best guide for future fund performance and that the diversification benefits have declined over time. One reason for the lower risk-adjusted returns is a capacity effect in that previously exceptional hedge fund returns caused higher inflows to these funds and consequently a competition for alpha among investors. In our empirical analysis we provide additional evidence of other explanations for decreasing hedge fund benefits such as an increase in correlations with other asset classes and changes in the style composition of hedge funds.

  20. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  1. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  2. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the funds available will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty... the United States. (3) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the...

  3. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HIGH PERFORMANCE BONUS AWARDS § 270.8 How will we allocate the bonus award funds? (a) In FY 2002 and beyond,...

  4. Allocation of Library Funds to Different Departments of a University--An Operational Research Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goyal, S. K.

    1973-01-01

    Library governing boards are faced with many administrative questions affecting services offered. This paper describes the operational research approach to the problem of allocation of funds to different departments of a university for purchase of materials. A linear programing model is suggested for solving the allocation problem. (5 references)…

  5. 44 CFR 209.4 - Allocation and availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE SUPPLEMENTAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION AND ELEVATION... an acquisition or elevation project. (b) We may reallocate funds for which we do not receive...

  6. 44 CFR 209.4 - Allocation and availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE SUPPLEMENTAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION AND ELEVATION... an acquisition or elevation project. (b) We may reallocate funds for which we do not receive...

  7. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... qualified officers and employees in coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  8. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90 percent of the amount set aside in a fiscal....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  9. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90 percent of the amount set aside in a fiscal....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  10. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... qualified officers and employees in coordination with State motor vehicle safety agencies. At least 90....313 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS...

  11. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development... Rights and Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance and Distributive Shares § 213.276 Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. For any...

  12. 78 FR 45604 - Funding Opportunity Title: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... from CY 2012 round: 1. Allocation Amounts: As described in Section IIA, the CDFI Fund anticipates that... Revenue Service (26 CFR 1.45D-1, published on December 28, 2004), as amended and related guidance, notices... claimed, as permitted under IRC Sec. 45D(f)(1)(D). Pursuant to this NOAA, the CDFI Fund anticipates...

  13. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  14. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  15. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  16. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  17. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  18. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  19. Autism research funding allocation: can economics tell us if we have got it right?

    PubMed

    Zwicker, Jennifer D; Emery, J C Herbert

    2014-12-01

    There is a concern that the allocation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research funding may be misallocating resources, overemphasizing basic science at the expense of translational and clinical research. Anthony Bailey has proposed that an economic evaluation of autism research funding allocations could be beneficial for funding agencies by identifying under- or overfunded areas of research. In response to Bailey, we illustrate why economics cannot provide an objective, technical solution for identifying the "best" allocation of research resources. Economic evaluation has its greatest power as a late-stage research tool for interventions with identified objectives, outcomes, and data. This is not the case for evaluating whether research areas are over- or underfunded. Without an understanding of how research funding influences the likelihood and value of a discovery, or without a statement of the societal objectives for ASD research and level of risk aversion, economic analysis cannot provide a useful normative evaluation of ASD research.

  20. 7 CFR 1774.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) SPECIAL EVALUATION ASSISTANCE FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES AND HOUSEHOLDS PROGRAM (SEARCH) General... of funds made available for a fiscal year for water and waste disposal activities for SEARCH grants....

  1. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  2. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries... requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? The requirements of this section apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects. (a) When...

  3. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... used for the formula and the weights assigned, and explain the State's decision to use other... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are WIA title I formula funds allocated... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.130 How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce...

  4. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... used for the formula and the weights assigned, and explain the State's decision to use other... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How are WIA title I formula funds allocated... WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.130 How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local...

  5. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... used for the formula and the weights assigned, and explain the State's decision to use other... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How are WIA title I formula funds allocated... WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.130 How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local...

  6. The Use of Performance Criteria To Allocate Compensatory Education Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA. Educational Policy Research Center.

    This publication reports the results of an effort to assess the consequences of targeting federal compensatory funds toward all elementary students showing low achievement rather than only to those who were first low income and then low achieving. The document deals first with technical issues--the suitability, feasibility, and cost implications…

  7. 20 CFR 633.105 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... percent of the statutory reserves for section 402 activities may be set aside for the National Account to... individual States in an equitable manner using the best data available as to the farmworker population as... disruption of funding levels from one year to the next, a hold harmless or other factor to minimize...

  8. 34 CFR 674.17 - Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Federal interest in that Fund: (1) A capital distribution of the liquid assets of the Fund according to section 466(c) of the Act. (2) The assignment of the outstanding loans to the United States. (b)...

  9. 34 CFR 674.17 - Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Federal interest in that Fund: (1) A capital distribution of the liquid assets of the Fund according to section 466(c) of the Act. (2) The assignment of the outstanding loans to the United States. (b)...

  10. 34 CFR 381.22 - How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program? 381.22 Section 381.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROTECTION AND...

  11. 34 CFR 381.22 - How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program? 381.22 Section 381.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROTECTION AND...

  12. 75 FR 54530 - Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ... could this description be more helpful in making the rule easier to understand? II. Procedural Matters... at 48 FR 29115 on June 24, 1983, the donation of foods in such programs is included in the scope of... rational basis for allocating funds to the Regional Offices. FDPIR State agencies expressed concern...

  13. Intra-District Resource Allocation and Criteria Used for Student Based Funding in Urban School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aloo, Peter Mangla

    2011-01-01

    Resource allocation to school sites in public school districts is inequitable. While Student Based Funding (SBF) has been implemented in several major urban school districts, there are few empirical studies about how SBF policies are derived and implemented. Current efforts to align resources with student need are hindered by a lack of systematic,…

  14. 7 CFR 22.205 - Allocation of loan and grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of loan and grant funds. 22.205 Section 22.205 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and... treatment. This applies to amounts made available for business and industrial loans, water, sewer and...

  15. 7 CFR 22.205 - Allocation of loan and grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of loan and grant funds. 22.205 Section 22.205 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and... treatment. This applies to amounts made available for business and industrial loans, water, sewer and...

  16. 7 CFR 22.205 - Allocation of loan and grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of loan and grant funds. 22.205 Section 22.205 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and... treatment. This applies to amounts made available for business and industrial loans, water, sewer and...

  17. 7 CFR 22.205 - Allocation of loan and grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of loan and grant funds. 22.205 Section 22.205 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and... treatment. This applies to amounts made available for business and industrial loans, water, sewer and...

  18. 7 CFR 22.205 - Allocation of loan and grant funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Allocation of loan and grant funds. 22.205 Section 22.205 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and... treatment. This applies to amounts made available for business and industrial loans, water, sewer and...

  19. 50 CFR 80.23 - Allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fishery projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fishery projects. 80.23 Section 80.23 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE...

  20. Reconciling Pragmatism, Equity, and Need in the Formula Allocation of Book and Serial Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowry, Charles B.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the use of formula allocations for book and serial funds in academic libraries' collection development and proposes a matrix formula based on disciplinary needs and publishing patterns. Variables in the formula that are used to represent institutional goals at the University of Texas at Arlington are explained. (16 references) (LRW)

  1. A Mathematical Programming Model for the Efficient Allocation of Vocational Technical Education Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNamara, James F.

    This mathematical programing model was developed to provide the State Board of Education with complete information for evaluating decisions about the efficient allocation of vocational education funds to local school districts. The model, based on a supply-demand criterion, was tested on a set of occupational training programs within a given Labor…

  2. Softening the Blow: Toward a Fairer Allocation of Title I Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Raegen

    2011-01-01

    The All Children Are Equal Act introduced by Rep. Glenn Thomson (R-PA) in the House of Representatives last week tackles a flaw in the way Title I, the largest program authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, allocates funds to school districts. The bill, which enjoys bipartisan sponsorship of Rep. G.K. Butterfield…

  3. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... unable to serve its area for any reason, such as audit or debt problems, criminal activity, internal... LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Service Delivery Systems Applicable to Section 166 Programs § 668.296 How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?...

  4. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  5. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  6. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  7. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  8. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  9. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  10. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  11. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  12. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  13. Allocating Scarce Resources Strategically - An Evaluation and Discussion of the Global Fund's Pattern of Disbursements

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, David; Kinyua, Kelvin

    2012-01-01

    Background The Global Fund is under pressure to improve its rationing of financial support. This study describes the GF's pattern of disbursements in relation to total health expenditure (THE), government health expenditure (GHE), income status and the burden of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. It also examines the potential for recipient countries to increase domestic public financing for health. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 104 countries that received Global Fund disbursements in 2009. It analyses data on Global Fund disbursements; health financing indicators; government revenue and expenditure; and burden of disease. Findings Global Fund disbursements made up 0.37% of THE across all 104 countries; but with considerable country variation ranging from 0.002% to 53.4%. Global Fund disbursements to government amounted to 0.47% of GHE across the 104 countries, but again with considerable variation (in three countries more than half of GHE was based on Global Fund support). Although the Global Fund provides progressively more funding for lower income countries on average, there is much variation at the country such that here was no correlation between per capita GF disbursements and per capita THE, nor between per capita GF disbursement to government and per capita GHE. There was only a slight positive correlation between per capita GF disbursement and burden of disease. Several countries with a high degree of 'financial dependency' upon the Fund have the potential to increase levels of domestic financing for health. Discussion The Global Fund can improve its targeting of resources so that it better matches the pattern of global need. To do this it needs to: a) reduce the extent to which funds are allocated on a demand-driven basis; and b) align its funding model to broader health systems financing and patterns of health expenditure beyond the three diseases. PMID:22590496

  14. Are State legislatures responding to public opinion when allocating funds for tobacco control programs?

    PubMed

    Snyder, Angela; Falba, Tracy; Busch, Susan; Sindelar, Jody

    2004-07-01

    This study explored the factors associated with state-level allocations to tobacco-control programs. The primary research question was whether public sentiment regarding tobacco control was a significant factor in the states' 2001 budget decisions. In addition to public opinion, several additional political and economic measures were considered. Significant associations were found between our outcome, state-level tobacco-control funding per capita, and key variables of interest including public opinion, amount of tobacco settlement received, the party affiliation of the governor, the state's smoking rate, excise tax revenue received, and whether the state was a major producer of tobacco. The findings from this study supported our hypothesis that states with citizens who favor more restrictive indoor air policies allocate more to tobacco control. Effective public education to change public opinion and the cultural norms surrounding smoking may affect political decisions and, in turn, increase funding for crucial public health programs.

  15. 12 CFR 1075.105 - Allocating funds from the Civil Penalty Fund-in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Civil Penalty Fund, in accordance with the following: (i) The schedule will establish six-month periods... section, the first and second periods may be longer or shorter than six months to allow future six-month... periods will constitute “six-month periods” under this part regardless of their actual length. (iii)...

  16. Identifying a Statistical Model for North Dakota K-12 Public School Transportation Funding by Comparing Fifteen State Transportation Funding Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holen, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the history of North Dakota K-12 transportation funding system, identify how school districts are reimbursed for transportation expenses, and compare this information with fourteen other state transportation funding systems. North Dakota utilizes a block grant structure that has been in place since 1972 and…

  17. Role of metabolite transporters in source-sink carbon allocation

    PubMed Central

    Ludewig, Frank; Flügge, Ulf-Ingo

    2013-01-01

    Plants assimilate carbon dioxide during photosynthesis in chloroplasts. Assimilated carbon is subsequently allocated throughout the plant. Generally, two types of organs can be distinguished, mature green source leaves as net photoassimilate exporters, and net importers, the sinks, e.g., roots, flowers, small leaves, and storage organs like tubers. Within these organs, different tissue types developed according to their respective function, and cells of either tissue type are highly compartmentalized. Photoassimilates are allocated to distinct compartments of these tissues in all organs, requiring a set of metabolite transporters mediating this intercompartmental transfer. The general route of photoassimilates can be briefly described as follows. Upon fixation of carbon dioxide in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, triose phosphates either enter the cytosol for mainly sucrose formation or remain in the stroma to form transiently stored starch which is degraded during the night and enters the cytosol as maltose or glucose to be further metabolized to sucrose. In both cases, sucrose enters the phloem for long distance transport or is transiently stored in the vacuole, or can be degraded to hexoses which also can be stored in the vacuole. In the majority of plant species, sucrose is actively loaded into the phloem via the apoplast. Following long distance transport, it is released into sink organs, where it enters cells as source of carbon and energy. In storage organs, sucrose can be stored, or carbon derived from sucrose can be stored as starch in plastids, or as oil in oil bodies, or – in combination with nitrogen – as protein in protein storage vacuoles and protein bodies. Here, we focus on transport proteins known for either of these steps, and discuss the implications for yield increase in plants upon genetic engineering of respective transporters. PMID:23847636

  18. Role of metabolite transporters in source-sink carbon allocation.

    PubMed

    Ludewig, Frank; Flügge, Ulf-Ingo

    2013-01-01

    Plants assimilate carbon dioxide during photosynthesis in chloroplasts. Assimilated carbon is subsequently allocated throughout the plant. Generally, two types of organs can be distinguished, mature green source leaves as net photoassimilate exporters, and net importers, the sinks, e.g., roots, flowers, small leaves, and storage organs like tubers. Within these organs, different tissue types developed according to their respective function, and cells of either tissue type are highly compartmentalized. Photoassimilates are allocated to distinct compartments of these tissues in all organs, requiring a set of metabolite transporters mediating this intercompartmental transfer. The general route of photoassimilates can be briefly described as follows. Upon fixation of carbon dioxide in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, triose phosphates either enter the cytosol for mainly sucrose formation or remain in the stroma to form transiently stored starch which is degraded during the night and enters the cytosol as maltose or glucose to be further metabolized to sucrose. In both cases, sucrose enters the phloem for long distance transport or is transiently stored in the vacuole, or can be degraded to hexoses which also can be stored in the vacuole. In the majority of plant species, sucrose is actively loaded into the phloem via the apoplast. Following long distance transport, it is released into sink organs, where it enters cells as source of carbon and energy. In storage organs, sucrose can be stored, or carbon derived from sucrose can be stored as starch in plastids, or as oil in oil bodies, or - in combination with nitrogen - as protein in protein storage vacuoles and protein bodies. Here, we focus on transport proteins known for either of these steps, and discuss the implications for yield increase in plants upon genetic engineering of respective transporters.

  19. Role of metabolite transporters in source-sink carbon allocation.

    PubMed

    Ludewig, Frank; Flügge, Ulf-Ingo

    2013-01-01

    Plants assimilate carbon dioxide during photosynthesis in chloroplasts. Assimilated carbon is subsequently allocated throughout the plant. Generally, two types of organs can be distinguished, mature green source leaves as net photoassimilate exporters, and net importers, the sinks, e.g., roots, flowers, small leaves, and storage organs like tubers. Within these organs, different tissue types developed according to their respective function, and cells of either tissue type are highly compartmentalized. Photoassimilates are allocated to distinct compartments of these tissues in all organs, requiring a set of metabolite transporters mediating this intercompartmental transfer. The general route of photoassimilates can be briefly described as follows. Upon fixation of carbon dioxide in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, triose phosphates either enter the cytosol for mainly sucrose formation or remain in the stroma to form transiently stored starch which is degraded during the night and enters the cytosol as maltose or glucose to be further metabolized to sucrose. In both cases, sucrose enters the phloem for long distance transport or is transiently stored in the vacuole, or can be degraded to hexoses which also can be stored in the vacuole. In the majority of plant species, sucrose is actively loaded into the phloem via the apoplast. Following long distance transport, it is released into sink organs, where it enters cells as source of carbon and energy. In storage organs, sucrose can be stored, or carbon derived from sucrose can be stored as starch in plastids, or as oil in oil bodies, or - in combination with nitrogen - as protein in protein storage vacuoles and protein bodies. Here, we focus on transport proteins known for either of these steps, and discuss the implications for yield increase in plants upon genetic engineering of respective transporters. PMID:23847636

  20. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Funding and PHA Application for Funding § 982.102 Allocation of... baseline number of families. (5) Public consultation before issuance of Federal Register notice. HUD...

  1. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Funding and PHA Application for Funding § 982.102 Allocation of... baseline number of families. (5) Public consultation before issuance of Federal Register notice. HUD...

  2. Challenges in defining an optimal approach to formula-based allocations of public health funds in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Buehler, James W; Holtgrave, David R

    2007-01-01

    Background Controversy and debate can arise whenever public health agencies determine how program funds should be allocated among constituent jurisdictions. Two common strategies for making such allocations are expert review of competitive applications and the use of funding formulas. Despite widespread use of funding formulas by public health agencies in the United States, formula allocation strategies in public health have been subject to relatively little formal scrutiny, with the notable exception of the attention focused on formula funding of HIV care programs. To inform debates and deliberations in the selection of a formula-based approach, we summarize key challenges to formula-based funding, based on prior reviews of federal programs in the United States. Discussion The primary challenge lies in identifying data sources and formula calculation methods that both reflect and serve program objectives, with or without adjustments for variations in the cost of delivering services, the availability of local resources, capacity, or performance. Simplicity and transparency are major advantages of formula-based allocations, but these advantages can be offset if formula-based allocations are perceived to under- or over-fund some jurisdictions, which may result from how guaranteed minimum funding levels are set or from "hold-harmless" provisions intended to blunt the effects of changes in formula design or random variations in source data. While fairness is considered an advantage of formula-based allocations, the design of a formula may implicitly reflect unquestioned values concerning equity versus equivalence in setting funding policies. Whether or how past or projected trends are taken into account can also have substantial impacts on allocations. Summary Insufficient attention has been focused on how the approach to designing funding formulas in public health should differ for treatment or service versus prevention programs. Further evaluations of formula

  3. 24 CFR 1000.340 - What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating... What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating subsidy and modernization? (a) If an Indian tribe is allocated...

  4. 24 CFR 1000.340 - What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating... What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating subsidy and modernization? (a) If an Indian tribe is allocated...

  5. 24 CFR 1000.340 - What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating... What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating subsidy and modernization? (a) If an Indian tribe is allocated...

  6. 24 CFR 1000.340 - What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating... What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating subsidy and modernization? (a) If an Indian tribe is allocated...

  7. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  8. 76 FR 42055 - Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 97 Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units... NODA notifies the public of the availability of data on these allowance allocations for existing units. Through this NODA, EPA is also making available to the public the data upon which the allocations...

  9. 7 CFR 761.204 - Methods of allocating funds to State Offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Allocation of Farm Loan Programs... allocated to State Offices using one or more of the following allocation methods: (a) Formula allocation, if data, as specified in § 761.205, is available to use the formula for the State. (b)...

  10. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local educational agencies? 403.112 Section 403.112...

  11. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities Does the Secretary Assist Under the Basic Programs... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate...

  12. 34 CFR 403.116 - How does a State allocate funds under the Postsecondary and Adult Vocational Education Programs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities Does the... education in 34 CFR 400.4, offered by the eligible institution or consortium of eligible institutions in the... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the...

  13. 34 CFR 403.116 - How does a State allocate funds under the Postsecondary and Adult Vocational Education Programs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... education in 34 CFR 400.4, offered by the eligible institution or consortium of eligible institutions in the... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Postsecondary and Adult Vocational Education Programs? 403.116 Section 403.116 Education Regulations of the...

  14. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  15. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES... to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? Yes. Each coastal State's fish... Restoration Act between projects with benefits for marine fisheries and projects with benefits for...

  16. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION...

  17. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM...

  18. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.66 Section 80.66 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION...

  19. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects? 80.65 Section 80.65 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM...

  20. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  1. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  2. 24 CFR 982.102 - Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of budget authority for renewal of expiring consolidated ACC funding increments. 982.102 Section 982.102 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

  3. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities Does the Secretary Assist Under the Basic Programs... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate...

  4. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local educational agencies? 403.112 Section 403.112...

  5. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  6. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  7. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  8. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  9. 34 CFR 76.794 - How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program in which the SEA...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... charter school LEA in the State that is scheduled to open on or before the closing date of any competition... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs... Educational Agencies § 76.794 How does an SEA allocate funds to charter school LEAs under a covered program...

  10. 7 CFR 1007.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers and... in the transportation credit balancing fund. If an insufficient balance exists to pay all of...

  11. 7 CFR 1005.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers and... in the transportation credit balancing fund. If an insufficient balance exists to pay all of...

  12. 7 CFR 1005.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers and... in the transportation credit balancing fund. If an insufficient balance exists to pay all of...

  13. 7 CFR 1007.82 - Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund... transportation credit balancing fund. (a) Payments from the transportation credit balancing fund to handlers and... in the transportation credit balancing fund. If an insufficient balance exists to pay all of...

  14. 49 CFR 262.5 - Allocation requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation requirements. 262.5 Section 262.5... IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS § 262.5 Allocation requirements. At least fifty percent of all grant funds awarded under... than $20,000,000 each. Designated, high-priority projects will be excluded from this allocation...

  15. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... will allocate and award $140 million to the ten States with the highest scores for each work measure as... Work Force—$21 million; (b) In FY 2002 and beyond, we will allocate and award $20 million to the ten States with the highest scores on the Food Stamp measures and $20 million to the ten States with...

  16. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... will allocate and award $140 million to the ten States with the highest scores for each work measure as... Work Force—$21 million; (b) In FY 2002 and beyond, we will allocate and award $20 million to the ten States with the highest scores on the Food Stamp measures and $20 million to the ten States with...

  17. Does earmarked donor funding make it more or less likely that developing countries will allocate their resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits?

    PubMed Central

    Waddington, Catriona

    2004-01-01

    It should not be assumed that earmarked donor funding automatically increases the allocation of developing-country resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits. Sometimes it does, sometimes it does not--how the funding is designed can influence this. This is true particularly in the longer term, once the earmarked funding has ended. Even in the short term, total funding does not necessarily increase because of fungibility (i.e. recipient governments adjust their spending to offset donor funding preferences). The author explores six problems with earmarked funding: the multiplicity of earmarked funds confuses the situation for decision-makers; earmarking works against the spirit of the sectorwide approach; from the national perspective, it makes sense not to double-fund activities; local ownership of an activity is often compromised; earmarking can lead governments to accept interventions which they cannot afford in the longer term; and earmarking can distort local resource allocation. PMID:15628209

  18. 12 CFR 1075.107 - Allocating funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... financial literacy programs. 1075.107 Section 1075.107 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL... financial literacy programs. (a) If funds available under § 1075.105(c) remain after the Fund Administrator... consumer education and financial literacy programs. (b) The Fund Administrator shall not have the...

  19. 20 CFR 668.296 - How are WIA funds allocated to INA grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... will be allocated on the basis of the number of Native American persons in poverty in the grantee's...) The data and definitions used to implement these formulas is provided by the U.S. Bureau of the...

  20. The Materials Acquisition Process at the University of Technology, Sydney: Equitable Transparent Allocation of Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Steve; Flynn, Ann; Lafferty, Susan

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the development of a library acquisition allocation formula at the University of Technology, Sydney. Covers the items included, consultative process adopted, details of the formulae derived and their implementation. (Author)

  1. The Global Fund's resource allocation decisions for HIV programmes: addressing those in need

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Between 2002 and 2010, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria's investment in HIV increased substantially to reach US$12 billion. We assessed how the Global Fund's investments in HIV programmes were targeted to key populations in relation to disease burden and national income. Methods We conducted an assessment of the funding approved by the Global Fund Board for HIV programmes in Rounds 1-10 (2002-2010) in 145 countries. We used the UNAIDS National AIDS Spending Assessment framework to analyze the Global Fund investments in HIV programmes by HIV spending category and type of epidemic. We examined funding per capita and its likely predictors (HIV adult prevalence, HIV prevalence in most-at-risk populations and gross national income per capita) using stepwise backward regression analysis. Results About 52% ($6.1 billion) of the cumulative Global Fund HIV funding was targeted to low- and low-middle-income countries. Around 56% of the total ($6.6 billion) was channelled to countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of funds were for HIV treatment (36%; $4.3 billion) and prevention (29%; $3.5 billion), followed by health systems and community systems strengthening and programme management (22%; $2.6 billion), enabling environment (7%; $0.9 billion) and other activities. The Global Fund investment by country was positively correlated with national adult HIV prevalence. About 10% ($0.4 billion) of the cumulative HIV resources for prevention targeted most-at-risk populations. Conclusions There has been a sustained scale up of the Global Fund's HIV support. Funding has targeted the countries and populations with higher HIV burden and lower income. Prevention in most-at-risk populations is not adequately prioritized in most of the recipient countries. The Global Fund Board has recently modified eligibility and prioritization criteria to better target most-at-risk populations in Round 10 and beyond. More guidance is being provided for Round 11

  2. 75 FR 24785 - Employee Contribution Elections and Contribution Allocations; Methods of Withdrawing Funds From...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... Parts 1600 and 1650 Employee Contribution Elections and Contribution Allocations; Methods of Withdrawing... in the Federal Register of June 14, 2003 (68 FR 35492) and April 25, 2005 (70 FR 21290). As published... corrections were published in the Federal Register on June 14, 2003 (68 FR 35492) and April 25, 2005 (70...

  3. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  4. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  5. 34 CFR 370.30 - How does the Secretary allocate funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION CLIENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM How Does... funds, 34 CFR parts 74 and 81 apply to the designated agency, whether or not the designated agency is... for and receives the CAP grant, the State remains the grantee for purposes of 34 CFR parts 76 and...

  6. 34 CFR 370.30 - How does the Secretary allocate funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION CLIENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM How Does... funds, 34 CFR parts 74 and 81 apply to the designated agency, whether or not the designated agency is... for and receives the CAP grant, the State remains the grantee for purposes of 34 CFR parts 76 and...

  7. An Investigation on Allocative Efficiency and Implications of New Funding Plans for the Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan; Rahman, Mohammand Mafizur

    2016-01-01

    In 2013 and 2014, the Australian Federal Government introduced the Gonski reforms and fee deregulation measures to reform the prevailing financing provisions for education sectors in Australia. The central proposition of the proposed new measures was to reduce the funding of public universities by the Federal Government. One likely consequence of…

  8. 77 FR 50903 - Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... 3015, Subpart V and related Notice published at 48 FR 29115 on June 24, 1983, the donation of foods in... and clarify other related program requirements was published in the Federal Register (75 FR 54530) on..., 2010 (75 FR 54530), FNS proposed to include in 7 CFR part 253 the administrative funding...

  9. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and... Agencies Lea and School Improvement § 200.48 Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. (a) Amounts required. (1) To pay for choice-related transportation and...

  10. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... enrollment or eligibility data when the charter school LEA opens or significantly expands its enrollment... LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76... actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? (a) An SEA that allocates more or fewer funds to...

  11. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... enrollment or eligibility data when the charter school LEA opens or significantly expands its enrollment... LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76... actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? (a) An SEA that allocates more or fewer funds to...

  12. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... enrollment or eligibility data when the charter school LEA opens or significantly expands its enrollment... LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? 76... actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment? (a) An SEA that allocates more or fewer funds to...

  13. 24 CFR 1000.340 - What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What if an Indian tribe is allocated less funding under the IHBG Formula than it received in Fiscal Year (FY) 1996 for operating subsidy and modernization? 1000.340 Section 1000.340 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued)...

  14. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... multiple complaints, supported by credible evidence, regarding implementation of the public school choice... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and... Agencies Lea and School Improvement § 200.48 Funding for choice-related transportation and...

  15. 25 CFR 39.706 - Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds? 39.706 Section 39.706 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds? Yes. If the peripheral dormitory is required...

  16. Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: how does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?

    PubMed

    Savage, Jessica A; Clearwater, Michael J; Haines, Dustin F; Klein, Tamir; Mencuccini, Maurizio; Sevanto, Sanna; Turgeon, Robert; Zhang, Cankui

    2016-04-01

    Despite the crucial role of carbon transport in whole plant physiology and its impact on plant-environment interactions and ecosystem function, relatively little research has tried to examine how phloem physiology impacts plant ecology. In this review, we highlight several areas of active research where inquiry into phloem physiology has increased our understanding of whole plant function and ecological processes. We consider how xylem-phloem interactions impact plant drought tolerance and reproduction, how phloem transport influences carbon allocation in trees and carbon cycling in ecosystems and how phloem function mediates plant relations with insects, pests, microbes and symbiotes. We argue that in spite of challenges that exist in studying phloem physiology, it is critical that we consider the role of this dynamic vascular system when examining the relationship between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment. PMID:26147312

  17. Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: how does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?

    PubMed

    Savage, Jessica A; Clearwater, Michael J; Haines, Dustin F; Klein, Tamir; Mencuccini, Maurizio; Sevanto, Sanna; Turgeon, Robert; Zhang, Cankui

    2016-04-01

    Despite the crucial role of carbon transport in whole plant physiology and its impact on plant-environment interactions and ecosystem function, relatively little research has tried to examine how phloem physiology impacts plant ecology. In this review, we highlight several areas of active research where inquiry into phloem physiology has increased our understanding of whole plant function and ecological processes. We consider how xylem-phloem interactions impact plant drought tolerance and reproduction, how phloem transport influences carbon allocation in trees and carbon cycling in ecosystems and how phloem function mediates plant relations with insects, pests, microbes and symbiotes. We argue that in spite of challenges that exist in studying phloem physiology, it is critical that we consider the role of this dynamic vascular system when examining the relationship between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment.

  18. 75 FR 23319 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... Transportation Resource Center Program AGENCY: Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST), Office of Small... Funding Availability. SUMMARY: The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST...: USDOT-OST-OSDBU-SBTRC2010-3. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 20.910 Assistance...

  19. Medicaid program; allocation of enhanced federal matching funds for increased administrative costs resulting from welfare reform--HCFA. Notice with comment period.

    PubMed

    1997-05-14

    This notice with comment period announces the methodology used to determine the allocation, among the States and certain Territories, of a $500 million fund to assist them with the additional expenses attributable to eligibility determinations incurred as a result of the provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which decouples Medicaid eligibility from receipt of cash assistance for families and children. Also, it announces the actual allocation amount for each State and Territory. The special fund is available for matching a State's or Territory's allowable administrative expenditures incurred only during Federal fiscal years 1997 through 2000, and only during the first 12 calendar quarters in which the State's Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program, which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, is in effect after August 21, 1996. PMID:10167530

  20. The Oxytocin Receptor (OXTR) Contributes to Prosocial Fund Allocations in the Dictator Game and the Social Value Orientations Task

    PubMed Central

    Israel, Salomon; Lerer, Elad; Shalev, Idan; Uzefovsky, Florina; Riebold, Mathias; Laiba, Efrat; Bachner-Melman, Rachel; Maril, Anat; Bornstein, Gary; Knafo, Ariel; Ebstein, Richard P.

    2009-01-01

    Background Economic games observe social decision making in the laboratory that involves real money payoffs. Previously we have shown that allocation of funds in the Dictator Game (DG), a paradigm that illustrates costly altruistic behavior, is partially determined by promoter-region repeat region variants in the arginine vasopressin 1a receptor gene (AVPR1a). In the current investigation, the gene encoding the related oxytocin receptor (OXTR) was tested for association with the DG and a related paradigm, the Social Values Orientation (SVO) task. Methodology/Principal Findings Association (101 male and 102 female students) using a robust-family based test between 15 single tagging SNPs (htSNPs) across the OXTR was demonstrated with both the DG and SVO. Three htSNPs across the gene region showed significant association with both of the two games. The most significant association was observed with rs1042778 (p = 0.001). Haplotype analysis also showed significant associations for both DG and SVO. Following permutation test adjustment, significance was observed for 2–5 locus haplotypes (p<0.05). A second sample of 98 female subjects was subsequently and independently recruited to play the dictator game and was genotyped for the three significant SNPs found in the first sample. The rs1042778 SNP was shown to be significant for the second sample as well (p = 0.004, Fisher's exact test). Conclusions The demonstration that genetic polymorphisms for the OXTR are associated with human prosocial decision making converges with a large body of animal research showing that oxytocin is an important social hormone across vertebrates including Homo sapiens. Individual differences in prosocial behavior have been shown by twin studies to have a substantial genetic basis and the current investigation demonstrates that common variants in the oxytocin receptor gene, an important element of mammalian social circuitry, underlie such individual differences. PMID:19461999

  1. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  2. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  3. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  4. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  5. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks

    PubMed Central

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model’s objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior. PMID:26226109

  6. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks.

    PubMed

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model's objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior.

  7. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks.

    PubMed

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model's objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior. PMID:26226109

  8. Formula Funding and Decentralized Management of Schools--Has It Improved Resource Allocation in Schools in Sri Lanka?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arunatilake, Nisha; Jayawardena, Priyanka

    2010-01-01

    Using the experience of the Educational Quality Inputs (EQI) Scheme in Sri Lanka the paper examines the distributional aspects of formula-based funding and efficiency of decentralized management of education funds in a developing country setting. The study finds that the EQI fund distribution is largely pro-poor. However, results show that to…

  9. Strengthening Title I to Help High-Poverty Schools: How Title I Funds Fit into District Allocation Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roza, Marguerite

    2005-01-01

    Despite the fact that funding for Title I continues to grow, and the program is now the major funding arm of "No Child Left Behind", the research reported here indicates that funds are not always spent in a way likely to accomplish the purposes of the legislation. In most urban districts a systematic bias is built into the district allocation…

  10. The Resource Allocation Program at the University of California, San Francisco: Getting More from Intramural Funding Bucks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volpe, Emanuela; Kiser, Gretchen; Henry, Roland; Giacomini, Kathy; Volberding, Paul; Waldman, Frederic; Lowenstein, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Intramural funding programs within both large and small research institutions are an essential mechanism to foster collaborative, novel, or preliminary research activity, and to further institutional research strategic goals. At most research institutions in the United States, these funding opportunities are managed by each funding agency or…

  11. Algorithms for resource allocation of substance abuse prevention funds based on social indicators: a case study on state of Florida--Part 3.

    PubMed

    Kim, S; Wurster, L; Williams, C; Hepler, N

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of Part 3 is to develop an algorithm for an equitable distribution of state prevention funds to its substate jurisdictions based on the need for prevention services. In this series, the need for prevention services is measured in terms of the existing social indicators observed at the county level. In order to establish a conceptual link as well as the empirical relevance of the selected social indicators as proxy measurements of the estimated need for prevention at the county level, we have employed both concurrent and construct validity tests using the following three constructs as the criterion variables in a multiple regressing setting: 1) county-based composite drug use index score (COMDRUG) measured via the statewide drug survey; 2) county-based proportions of prevention target populations using the conceptual definition advanced by the Institute of Medicine (IOM); and 3) the composite risk factor score (COMRISK) assembled from a list of twenty-two risk and protective factors observed for each county. These constructs were identified previously in Parts 1 and 2. While employing eight social indicators to estimate the overall prevention needs observed at the county level, the social indicators thus selected were able to explain 69 percent of the variations in COMDRUG, 68 percent of the variation in the proportions of students in need of prevention services using IOM definition, and 60 percent of the variation in COMRISK. Following successful validations of the social indicators as viable media with which to estimate county-based prevention needs, the ensuing multiple regression equation is, then, used to build a resource allocation model by determining the proportion of each county's share of the total statewide COMDRUG-predicted from the social indicators and, then, by weighting the latter proportion by the population size of each county under age eighteen. In this way, we have devised county-based Prevention Needs Index (PNI) scores based solely

  12. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... one clearly identified candidate for Federal office shall allocate the expenditure among the candidates pursuant to 11 CFR part 106. Payments involving both expenditures on behalf of one or more clearly identified Federal candidates and disbursements on behalf of one or more clearly identified...

  13. Funding allocation to surgery in low and middle-income countries: a retrospective analysis of contributions from the USA

    PubMed Central

    Dieleman, Joseph; Dare, Anna J; Ramos, Margarita S; Riviello, Robert; Meara, John G; Yamey, Gavin; Shrime, Mark G

    2015-01-01

    Objective The funds available for global surgical delivery, capacity building and research are unknown and presumed to be low. Meanwhile, conditions amenable to surgery are estimated to account for nearly 30% of the global burden of disease. We describe funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. Design Retrospective database review. US Agency for International Development (USAID), National Institute of Health (NIH), Foundation Center and registered US charitable organisations were searched for financial data on any organisation giving exclusively to surgical care in low and middle income countries (LMICs). For USAID, NIH and Foundation Center all available data for all years were included. The five recent years of financial data per charitable organisation were included. All nominal dollars were adjusted for inflation by converting to 2014 US dollars. Setting USA. Participants USAID, NIH, Foundation Center, Charitable Organisations. Primary and secondary outcome measures Cumulative funds appropriated to global surgery. Results 22 NIH funded projects (totalling $31.3 million) were identified, primarily related to injury and trauma. Six relevant USAID projects were identified—all obstetric fistula care totalling $438 million. A total of $105 million was given to universities and charitable organisations by US foundations for 12 different surgical specialties. 95 US charitable organisations representing 14 specialties totalled revenue of $2.67 billion and expenditure of $2.5 billion. Conclusions and relevance Current funding flows to surgical care in LMICs are poorly understood. US funding predominantly comes from private charitable organisations, is often narrowly focused and does not always reflect local needs or support capacity building. Improving surgical care, and embedding it within national health systems in LMICs, will likely require greater financial investment. Tracking funds targeting surgery helps to quantify and

  14. Radiological transportation emergency response training course funding and timing in the southern states

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    The following is a review of the enabling statutes of 16 southern states regarding training for personnel preparing for or responding to a transportation-related emergency involving highway route-controlled quantities of spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This report outlines the funding sources and procedures for administering funds for programs attended by state and local officials. Additionally, the report outlines the views of emergency response officials in the southem states concerning the timing and administration of future federal assistance to be provided under {section}180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act. Under {section}180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the US Department of Energy (DOE) is required to provide technical assistance and funds to states for training public safety officials of appropriate units of local government and Indian tribes when spent nuclear fuel or high-level radioactive waste is transported through their jurisdictions. The Comprehensive Cooperative Agreement (CCA) is the primary funding mechanism for federal assistance to states for the development of their overall emergency management capabilities. FEMA supports 12 separate emergency management programs including the Emergency Management Training program (EMT). This program provides funds for emergency management training and technical assistance to states for unique state training needs. Funds may be used for instructors, students and other related costs.

  15. Radiological transportation emergency response training course funding and timing in the southern states

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    The following is a review of the enabling statutes of 16 southern states regarding training for personnel preparing for or responding to a transportation-related emergency involving highway route-controlled quantities of spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. This report outlines the funding sources and procedures for administering funds for programs attended by state and local officials. Additionally, the report outlines the views of emergency response officials in the southem states concerning the timing and administration of future federal assistance to be provided under [section]180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act. Under [section]180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, the US Department of Energy (DOE) is required to provide technical assistance and funds to states for training public safety officials of appropriate units of local government and Indian tribes when spent nuclear fuel or high-level radioactive waste is transported through their jurisdictions. The Comprehensive Cooperative Agreement (CCA) is the primary funding mechanism for federal assistance to states for the development of their overall emergency management capabilities. FEMA supports 12 separate emergency management programs including the Emergency Management Training program (EMT). This program provides funds for emergency management training and technical assistance to states for unique state training needs. Funds may be used for instructors, students and other related costs.

  16. The effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 on the regional allocation of public funds for the National Health Service in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Piola, Sérgio Francisco; de França, José Rivaldo Mello; Nunes, André

    2016-02-01

    This article analyzes the effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 in financing the Brazilian National Health Service, SUS, between 2000 and 2010. The aim was to analyze how the resources that were allocated by the three spheres of government were used on a general basis and in specific regions. Analysis was also conducted on the possible repercussions of the Amendment in the allocation of finances for SUS. The results showed: an important increase in the designated resources that were used by the three spheres of government during the aforementioned period. There was an increase in real terms of 112% in consolidated spending and an 89% increase in spending per capita by the three spheres. There was also more participation from the States, the Federal District and the Municipalities in financing the system. However, in spite of the increase in the use of financial resources, regional inequalities, in relation to spending per capita, remained practically unchanged.

  17. The effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 on the regional allocation of public funds for the National Health Service in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Piola, Sérgio Francisco; de França, José Rivaldo Mello; Nunes, André

    2016-02-01

    This article analyzes the effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 in financing the Brazilian National Health Service, SUS, between 2000 and 2010. The aim was to analyze how the resources that were allocated by the three spheres of government were used on a general basis and in specific regions. Analysis was also conducted on the possible repercussions of the Amendment in the allocation of finances for SUS. The results showed: an important increase in the designated resources that were used by the three spheres of government during the aforementioned period. There was an increase in real terms of 112% in consolidated spending and an 89% increase in spending per capita by the three spheres. There was also more participation from the States, the Federal District and the Municipalities in financing the system. However, in spite of the increase in the use of financial resources, regional inequalities, in relation to spending per capita, remained practically unchanged. PMID:26910149

  18. 25 CFR 170.403 - What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation planning? 170.403 Section 170.403 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian Reservation...

  19. Effects of Vicarious Experiences of Nature, Environmental Attitudes, and Outdoor Recreation Benefits on Support for Increased Funding Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kil, Namyun

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of vicarious experiences of nature, environmental attitudes, and recreation benefits sought by participants on their support for funding of natural resources and alternative energy options. Using a national scenic trail user survey, results demonstrated that vicarious experiences of nature influenced environmental…

  20. Progress and Problems in Allocating Funds Under Titles I and II--Comprehensive Employment and Training Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    The review of the funding aspect of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 (CETA) under Titles 1 and 2 was conducted by the General Accounting Office (GAO). Title 1 of the Act authorizes comprehensive manpower services to be provided by prime sponsors, and Title 2 is designed to provide transitional employment opportunities and…

  1. Sudden cold temperature delays plant carbon transport and shifts allocation from growth to respiratory demand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barthel, M.; Cieraad, E.; Zakharova, A.; Hunt, J. E.

    2014-03-01

    Since substrates for respiration are supplied mainly by recent photo-assimilates, there is a strong but time-lagged link between short-term above- and belowground carbon (C) cycling. However, regulation of this coupling by environmental variables is poorly understood. Whereas recent studies focussed on the effect of drought and shading on the link between above- and belowground short-term C cycling, the effect of temperature remains unclear. We used a 13CO2 pulse-chase labelling experiment to investigate the effect of a sudden temperature change from 25 to 10 °C on the short-term coupling between assimilatory C uptake and respiratory loss. The study was done in the laboratory using two-month-old perennial rye-grass plants (Lolium perenne L.). After label application, the δ13C signal of respired shoot and root samples was analysed at regular time intervals using laser spectroscopy. In addition, δ13C was analysed in bulk root and shoot samples. Cold temperature (10 °C) reduced the short-term coupling between shoot and roots by delaying belowground transfer of recent assimilates and its subsequent respiratory use, as indicated by the δ13C signal of root respiration (δ13CRR). That is, the time lag from the actual shoot labelling to the first appearance of the label in 13CRR was about 1.5 times longer under cold temperature. Moreover, analysis of bulk shoot and root material revealed that plants at cold temperature invest relatively more carbon into respiration compared to growth or storage. While the whole plant C turnover increased under cold temperature, the turnover time of the labile C pool decreased, probably because less 13C is used for growth and/or storage. That is, (almost) all recent C remained in the labile pool serving respiration under these conditions. Overall, our results highlight the importance of temperature as a driver of C transport and relative C allocation within the plant-soil system.

  2. Substudies on Allocation and Targeting of Funds and Services, Assessment of Student Growth, and Effects of Attrition. Technical Report #13 from the Study of the Sustaining Effects of Compensatory Education on Basic Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepfner, Ralph, Ed.

    This study of Compensatory Education is divided into four parts: allocation of Title I funds and services, achievement and Compensatory Education, measurement of student growth, and the effects of attrition. Part one examines poverty concentrations to determine which schools and districts are eligible for Title I or for concentration grants. The…

  3. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    DOE PAGES

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael J.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Babst, Benjamin A.

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scannermore » to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in carbon allocation in sorghum plants, as they advanced to maturity

  4. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    SciTech Connect

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael J.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Babst, Benjamin A.

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scanner to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in

  5. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  6. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  7. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  8. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  9. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve... THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.808 Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA...

  10. 24 CFR 92.50 - Formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Formula allocation. 92.50 Section... Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula § 92.50 Formula allocation. (a) Jurisdictions eligible for a formula allocation. HUD will provide allocations of funds in amounts determined...

  11. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL... GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE RATES Determination of Allocations § 1240.15 Allocations. (a) Funds allocated under this part shall be available...

  12. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND PROFESSIONAL...

  13. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND PROFESSIONAL...

  14. 23 CFR 661.45 - What happens when IRRBP funds cannot be obligated by the end of the fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD BRIDGE PROGRAM § 661.45 What happens... redistribution. The returned funds will be re-allocated to the BIA the following fiscal year after receipt...

  15. 23 CFR 661.45 - What happens when IRRBP funds cannot be obligated by the end of the fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD BRIDGE PROGRAM § 661.45 What happens... redistribution. The returned funds will be re-allocated to the BIA the following fiscal year after receipt...

  16. 23 CFR 661.45 - What happens when IRRBP funds cannot be obligated by the end of the fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD BRIDGE PROGRAM § 661.45 What happens... redistribution. The returned funds will be re-allocated to the BIA the following fiscal year after receipt...

  17. 23 CFR 661.45 - What happens when IRRBP funds cannot be obligated by the end of the fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD BRIDGE PROGRAM § 661.45 What happens... redistribution. The returned funds will be re-allocated to the BIA the following fiscal year after receipt...

  18. 23 CFR 661.45 - What happens when IRRBP funds cannot be obligated by the end of the fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS INDIAN RESERVATION ROAD BRIDGE PROGRAM § 661.45 What happens... redistribution. The returned funds will be re-allocated to the BIA the following fiscal year after receipt...

  19. Spending of HIV resources in Asia and Eastern Europe: systematic review reveals the need to shift funding allocations towards priority populations

    PubMed Central

    Craig, Andrew P; Thein, Hla-Hla; Zhang, Lei; Gray, Richard T; Henderson, Klara; Wilson, David; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P

    2014-01-01

    Introduction It is increasingly important to prioritize the most cost-effective HIV interventions. We sought to summarize the evidence on which types of interventions provide the best value for money in regions with concentrated HIV epidemics. Methods We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature reporting measurements of cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit for HIV/AIDS interventions in Asia and Eastern Europe. We also collated HIV/AIDS spending assessment data from case-study countries in the region. Results We identified 91 studies for inclusion, 47 of which were from peer-reviewed journals. Generally, in concentrated settings, prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes and prevention programmes targeting people who inject drugs and sex workers had lower incremental cost-effectiveness ratios than programmes aimed at the general population. The few studies evaluating programmes targeting men who have sex with men indicate moderate cost-effectiveness. Collation of prevention programme spending data from 12 countries in the region (none of which had generalized epidemics) indicated that resources for the general population/non-targeted was greater than 30% for eight countries and greater than 50% for five countries. Conclusions There is a misalignment between national spending on HIV/AIDS responses and the most affected populations across the region. In concentrated epidemics, scarce funding should be directed more towards most-at-risk populations. Reaching consensus on general principles of cost-effectiveness of programmes by epidemic settings is difficult due to inconsistent evaluation approaches. Adopting a standard costing, impact evaluation, benefits calculation, analysis and reporting framework would enable cross comparisons and improve HIV resource prioritization and allocation. PMID:24572053

  20. The impact of proposed changes in liver allocation policy on cold ischemia times and organ transportation costs.

    PubMed

    DuBay, D A; MacLennan, P A; Reed, R D; Fouad, M; Martin, M; Meeks, C B; Taylor, G; Kilgore, M L; Tankersley, M; Gray, S H; White, J A; Eckhoff, D E; Locke, J E

    2015-02-01

    Changes to the liver allocation system have been proposed to decrease regional variation in access to liver transplant. It is unclear what impact these changes will have on cold ischemia times (CITs) and donor transportation costs. Therefore, we performed a retrospective single center study (2008-2012) measuring liver procurement CIT and transportation costs. Four groups were defined: Local-within driving distance (Local-D, n = 262), Local-flight (Local-F, n = 105), Regional-flight <3 h (Regional <3 h, n = 61) and Regional-Flight >3 h (Regional >3 h, n = 53). The median travel distance increased in each group, varying from zero miles (Local-D), 196 miles (Local-F), 384 miles (Regional <3 h), to 1647 miles (Regional >3 h). Increasing travel distances did not significantly increase CIT until the flight time was >3 h. The average CIT ranged from 5.0 to 6.0 h for Local-D, Local-F and Regional <3 h, but increased to 10 h for Regional >3 h (p < 0.0001). Transportation costs increased with greater distance traveled: Local-D $101, Local-F $1993, Regional <3 h $8324 and Regional >3 h $27 810 (p < 0.0001). With proposed redistricting, local financial modeling suggests that the average liver donor procurement transportation variable direct costs will increase from $2415 to $7547/liver donor, an increase of 313%. These findings suggest that further discussion among transplant centers and insurance providers is needed prior to policy implementation.

  1. Funding, Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altman, Micah

    2009-01-01

    I show herein how to develop fundable proposals to support your research. Although the proposal strategy I discuss is commonly used in successful proposals, most junior faculty (and many senior scholars) in political science and other social sciences seem to be unaware of it. I dispel myths about funding, and discuss how to find funders and target…

  2. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 9-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION AND EMERGENCY STORAGE OF A PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of...

  3. 25 CFR 39.902 - Allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation. 39.902 Section 39.902 Indians BUREAU OF... Maintenance and Minor Repair Fund § 39.902 Allocation. (a) Interim Maintenance and Minor Repair funds shall be... determining school allocations shall be taken from the facilities inventory maintained by the Division...

  4. Differential expression of specific sulphate transporters underlies seasonal and spatial patterns of sulphate allocation in trees.

    PubMed

    Malcheska, F; Honsel, A; Wildhagen, H; Dürr, J; Larisch, C; Rennenberg, H; Herschbach, C

    2013-07-01

    Sulphate uptake and its distribution within plants depend on the activity of different sulphate transporters (SULTR). In long-living deciduous plants such as trees, seasonal changes of spatial patterns add another layer of complexity to the question of how the interplay of different transporters adjusts S distribution within the plant to environmental changes. Poplar is an excellent model to address this question because its S metabolism is already well characterized. In the present study, the importance of SULTRs for seasonal sulphate storage and mobilization was examined in the wood of poplar (Populus tremula × P. alba) by analysing their gene expression in relation to sulphate contents in wood and xylem sap. According to these results, possible functions of the respective SULTRs for seasonal sulphate storage and mobilization in the wood are suggested. Together, the present results complement the previously published model for seasonal sulphate circulation between leaves and bark and provide information for future mechanistic modelling of whole tree sulphate fluxes. PMID:23278135

  5. Transportation or CT scanners: a theory and method of health resources allocation.

    PubMed Central

    Greenwald, H P; Woodward, J M; Berg, D H

    1979-01-01

    Cost containment and access to appropriate care are the two most frequently discussed issues in contemporary health policy. Conceiving of the health services available in specific regions as "packages" of diverse items, the authors of this article consider the economic trade-offs among the various resources needed for appropriate care. In the discussion that follows, we examine the trade-offs between two divergent offering of the health care system: high technology medicine and support services. Specifically, we examine several strategies designed to achieve an optimal mix of investments in CT scanners and transportation resources in the South Chicago region. Using linear programming as a method for examining these options, the authors found that 1) the proper location of CT scanners is as important for cost containment as optimal number, and 2) excess capacity in the utilization of a single resource--CT scanners--need not imply inefficiency in the overall delivery of the service. These findings help demonstrate the importance of viewing health care as a package of interrelated services, both for achieving cost containment and for providing access to appropriate care. PMID:391772

  6. 78 FR 72753 - Notice of Funds Availability for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    .... VA published a Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register on July 9, 2013 (78 FR..., 2013, 4 p.m. eastern standard time. The NOFA includes eligibility and scoring criteria for grants to assist veterans in highly rural areas through innovative transportation services to travel to VA and...

  7. 25 CFR 170.404 - What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning? 170.404 Section 170.404 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and...

  8. 25 CFR 170.405 - Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects? 170.405 Section 170.405 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of...

  9. Report on Tribal Priority Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    As part of Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) funding, Tribal Priority Allocations (TPA) are the principal source of funds for tribal governments and agency offices at the reservation level. According to their unique needs and circumstances, tribes may prioritize funding among eight general categories: government, human services, education, public…

  10. Allocation of energy use in petroleum refineries to petroleum products : implications for life-cycle energy use and emission inventory of petroleum transportation fuels.

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, M.; Lee, H.; Molburg, J.

    2004-01-01

    Studies to evaluate the energy and emission impacts of vehicle/fuel systems have to address allocation of the energy use and emissions associated with petroleum refineries to various petroleum products because refineries produce multiple products. The allocation is needed in evaluating energy and emission effects of individual transportation fuels. Allocation methods used so far for petroleum-based fuels (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas [LPG]) are based primarily on mass, energy content, or market value shares of individual fuels from a given refinery. The aggregate approach at the refinery level is unable to account for the energy use and emission differences associated with producing individual fuels at the next sub-level: individual refining processes within a refinery. The approach ignores the fact that different refinery products go through different processes within a refinery. Allocation at the subprocess level (i.e., the refining process level) instead of at the aggregate process level (i.e., the refinery level) is advocated by the International Standard Organization. In this study, we seek a means of allocating total refinery energy use among various refinery products at the level of individual refinery processes. We present a petroleum refinery-process-based approach to allocating energy use in a petroleum refinery to petroleum refinery products according to mass, energy content, and market value share of final and intermediate petroleum products as they flow through refining processes within a refinery. The results from this study reveal that product-specific energy use based on the refinery process-level allocation differs considerably from that based on the refinery-level allocation. We calculated well-to-pump total energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for gasoline, diesel, LPG, and naphtha with the refinery process-based allocation approach. For gasoline, the efficiency estimated from the refinery-level allocation

  11. Effect of P Availability on Temporal Dynamics of Carbon Allocation and Glomus intraradices High-Affinity P Transporter Gene Induction in Arbuscular Mycorrhiza

    PubMed Central

    Olsson, Pål Axel; Hansson, Maria C.; Burleigh, Stephen H.

    2006-01-01

    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi depend on a C supply from the plant host and simultaneously provide phosphorus to the colonized plant. We therefore evaluated the influence of external P on C allocation in monoxenic Daucus carota-Glomus intraradices cultures in an AM symbiosis. Fungal hyphae proliferated from a solid minimal medium containing colonized roots into a C-free liquid minimal medium with high or low P availability. Roots and hyphae were harvested periodically, and the flow of C from roots to fungus was measured by isotope labeling. We also measured induction of a G. intraradices high-affinity P transporter to estimate fungal P demand. The prevailing hypothesis is that high P availability reduces mycorrhizal fungal growth, but we found that C flow to the fungus was initially highest at the high P level. Only at later harvests, after 100 days of in vitro culture, were C flow and fungal growth limited at high P availability. Thus, AM fungi can benefit initially from P-enriched environments in terms of plant C allocation. As expected, the P transporter induction was significantly greater at low P availability and greatest in very young mycelia. We found no direct link between C flow to the fungus and the P transporter transcription level, which indicates that a good C supply is not essential for induction of the high-affinity P transporter. We describe a mechanism by which P regulates symbiotic C allocation, and we discuss how this mechanism may have evolved in a competitive environment. PMID:16751522

  12. 7 CFR 761.202 - Timing of allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Timing of allocations. 761.202 Section 761.202... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Allocation of Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.202 Timing of allocations. The Agency's National Office allocates funds for FO and OL...

  13. 75 FR 37873 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ... published a notice (75 FR 30461) announcing the availability of funding and requesting proposals for DOT's... Application Cycle) of the June 1 notice of funding availability (75 FR 30461). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.../TIGERII . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On April 26, 2010, DOT published an interim notice (75 FR...

  14. Geographic Information Systems-Transportation ISTEA management systems server-net prototype pooled fund study: Phase B summary

    SciTech Connect

    Espinoza, J. Jr.; Dean, C.D.; Armstrong, H.M.

    1997-06-01

    The Geographic Information System-Transportation (GIS-T) ISTEA Management Systems Server Net Prototype Pooled Fund Study represents the first national cooperative effort in the transportation industry to address the management and monitoring systems as well as the statewide and metropolitan transportation planning requirements of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA). The Study was initiated in November 1993 through the Alliance for Transportation Research and under the leadership of the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department. Sandia National Laboratories, an Alliance partner, and Geographic Paradigm Computing. Inc. provided technical leadership for the project. In 1992, the Alliance for Transportation Research, the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department, Sandia National Laboratories, and Geographic Paradigm Computing, Inc., proposed a comprehensive research agenda for GIS-T. That program outlined a national effort to synthesize new transportation policy initiatives (e.g., management systems and Intelligent Transportation Systems) with the GIS-T server net ideas contained in the NCHRP project {open_quotes}Adaptation of GIS to Transportation{close_quotes}. After much consultation with state, federal, and private interests, a project proposal based on this agenda was prepared and resulted in this Study. The general objective of the Study was to develop GIS-T server net prototypes supporting the ISTEA requirements for transportation planning and management and monitoring systems. This objective can be further qualified to: (1) Create integrated information system architectures and design requirements encompassing transportation planning activities and data. (2) Encourage the development of functional GIS-T server net prototypes. (3) Demonstrate multiple information systems implemented in a server net environment.

  15. An Analysis and Allocation System for Library Collections Budgets: The Comprehensive Allocation Process (CAP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Lucy Eleonore; Blosser, John

    2012-01-01

    The "Comprehensive Allocation Process" (CAP) is a reproducible decision-making structure for the allocation of new collections funds, for the reallocation of funds within stagnant budgets, and for budget cuts in the face of reduced funding levels. This system was designed to overcome common shortcomings of current methods. Its philosophical…

  16. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula allocation for FO, CL... program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula allocation = (amount available...

  17. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (a)(4) of this section include: (1) Athletics; (2) Band; (3) Detention; (4) Tutoring, study hall and..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation... runs; (2) Transportation home for medical or other emergencies; (3) Transportation from school...

  18. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (a)(4) of this section include: (1) Athletics; (2) Band; (3) Detention; (4) Tutoring, study hall and..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation... runs; (2) Transportation home for medical or other emergencies; (3) Transportation from school...

  19. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (a)(4) of this section include: (1) Athletics; (2) Band; (3) Detention; (4) Tutoring, study hall and..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation... runs; (2) Transportation home for medical or other emergencies; (3) Transportation from school...

  20. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (a)(4) of this section include: (1) Athletics; (2) Band; (3) Detention; (4) Tutoring, study hall and..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation... runs; (2) Transportation home for medical or other emergencies; (3) Transportation from school...

  1. 25 CFR 39.707 - Which student transportation expenses are currently not eligible for Student Transportation Funding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... (a)(4) of this section include: (1) Athletics; (2) Band; (3) Detention; (4) Tutoring, study hall and..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation... runs; (2) Transportation home for medical or other emergencies; (3) Transportation from school...

  2. 24 CFR 594.15 - Allocation amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation amounts. 594.15 Section... DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES JOHN HEINZ NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Funding Allocation and Criteria § 594.15 Allocation amounts. (a) Amounts and match requirement. HUD will make grants, in the form...

  3. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  4. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  5. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  6. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  7. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  8. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my... storage of your POV. Effective Date Note: By FTR Amdt. 2011-01, 76 FR 18342, Apr. 1, 2011, § 302-9.11...

  9. 78 FR 56773 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    .... VA published a Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) in the Federal Register on July 9, 2013 (78 FR... non-VA facilities in connection with the provision of VA medical care. To allow applicants more time... Application Package: Download directly from...

  10. Simulating smoke transport from wildland fires with a regional-scale air quality model: sensitivity to spatiotemporal allocation of fire emissions.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Menendez, Fernando; Hu, Yongtao; Odman, Mehmet T

    2014-09-15

    Air quality forecasts generated with chemical transport models can provide valuable information about the potential impacts of fires on pollutant levels. However, significant uncertainties are associated with fire-related emission estimates as well as their distribution on gridded modeling domains. In this study, we explore the sensitivity of fine particulate matter concentrations predicted by a regional-scale air quality model to the spatial and temporal allocation of fire emissions. The assessment was completed by simulating a fire-related smoke episode in which air quality throughout the Atlanta metropolitan area was affected on February 28, 2007. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to evaluate the significance of emission distribution among the model's vertical layers, along the horizontal plane, and into hourly inputs. Predicted PM2.5 concentrations were highly sensitive to emission injection altitude relative to planetary boundary layer height. Simulations were also responsive to the horizontal allocation of fire emissions and their distribution into single or multiple grid cells. Additionally, modeled concentrations were greatly sensitive to the temporal distribution of fire-related emissions. The analyses demonstrate that, in addition to adequate estimates of emitted mass, successfully modeling the impacts of fires on air quality depends on an accurate spatiotemporal allocation of emissions. PMID:24973934

  11. Simulating smoke transport from wildland fires with a regional-scale air quality model: sensitivity to spatiotemporal allocation of fire emissions.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Menendez, Fernando; Hu, Yongtao; Odman, Mehmet T

    2014-09-15

    Air quality forecasts generated with chemical transport models can provide valuable information about the potential impacts of fires on pollutant levels. However, significant uncertainties are associated with fire-related emission estimates as well as their distribution on gridded modeling domains. In this study, we explore the sensitivity of fine particulate matter concentrations predicted by a regional-scale air quality model to the spatial and temporal allocation of fire emissions. The assessment was completed by simulating a fire-related smoke episode in which air quality throughout the Atlanta metropolitan area was affected on February 28, 2007. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to evaluate the significance of emission distribution among the model's vertical layers, along the horizontal plane, and into hourly inputs. Predicted PM2.5 concentrations were highly sensitive to emission injection altitude relative to planetary boundary layer height. Simulations were also responsive to the horizontal allocation of fire emissions and their distribution into single or multiple grid cells. Additionally, modeled concentrations were greatly sensitive to the temporal distribution of fire-related emissions. The analyses demonstrate that, in addition to adequate estimates of emitted mass, successfully modeling the impacts of fires on air quality depends on an accurate spatiotemporal allocation of emissions.

  12. 77 FR 42546 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... June 15, 2012, 77 FR 36034. USDOT OSDBU is extending the closing date to allow eligible entities time... Center Program AGENCY: Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST....martin@dot.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the June 15, 2012 document (Notice No....

  13. 78 FR 70617 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... Center Program AGENCY: Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST... (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for; (1... Opportunity Number: USDOT-OST-OSDBU-SBTRC2014NWRSBTRC-1. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA)...

  14. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  15. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  16. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33)”; and (e) A current copy of the Transportation Priorities and Allocations System regulation (49 CFR Part 33) as of the date of the allocation... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section...

  17. Estimating flexible pavement maintenance and rehabilitation fund requirements for a transportation network. Research report (Interim) September 1984-February 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Stein, A.; Scullion, T.

    1988-02-01

    In the early 1980's the Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation implemented its Pavement Evaluation System. The system was designed to (a) document trends in network condition and (b) generate a one-year estimate of rehabilitation funding. The information generated by the system was used for many purposes including funding request, project prioritization and documenting the consequences of changes in funding levels. However, a limitation of the system was its inability to project future conditions and make multi-year needs estimates. This is the subject of the report. Regression equations were built for each major distress type from a pavement data base containing a 10-year history of condition trends from over 350 random sections in Texas. These equations were used to age individual sections that did not qualify for maintenance or rehabilitation in a particular year. A simple decision tree was developed to estimate the maintenance requirements if rehabilitation is not warranted. The decision-tree represents the opinions of experienced maintenance engineers. A case study and sensitivity analysis are presented.

  18. Resource Allocation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stennett, R. G.

    A research allocation formula employed in London, Ontario elementary schools, as well as supporting data on the method, are provided in this report. Attempts to improve on the traditional methods of resource allocation in London's schools were based on two principles: (1) that need for a particular service could and should be determined…

  19. 7 CFR 23.5 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Availability of funds. Funds available under title V for extension and research programs shall be allocated to... University designated to receive funds under the Smith-Lever and Hatch Acts respectively. Funds will...

  20. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  1. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  2. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  3. 76 FR 50289 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ..., and Tribal governments, including U.S. territories, Tribal governments, transit agencies, port... transportation projects; and (4) port infrastructure investments. Federal wage rate requirements included in... bridges, ports, freight and passenger railroads, transit systems, and projects that connect...

  4. 78 FR 13148 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... training programs, business assessment, management training, counseling, marketing and outreach, and the... business transportation community needs. (B) General Management & Technical Training and Assistance 1... skills necessary to improve the management of their own small business to expand their...

  5. 77 FR 36034 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... provide financial and technical assistance, business training programs, business assessment, management... business transportation community needs. (B) General Management & Technical Training and Assistance 1... participant with the knowledge and skills necessary to improve the management of their own small business...

  6. 78 FR 13143 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ..., business training programs, business assessment, management training, counseling, marketing and outreach... management and technical services, that will enable small disadvantaged businesses to take advantage of those... the assessment of the regional small business transportation community needs. (B) General...

  7. 75 FR 3517 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... assistance, business training programs, such as, business assessment, management training, counseling... mechanisms, including management and technical services, that will enable small disadvantaged businesses to... business transportation community needs. (B) General Management & Technical Training and Assistance...

  8. 78 FR 26684 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... training programs, business assessment, management training, counseling, marketing and outreach, and the... assessment of the regional small business transportation community needs. (B) General Management & Technical... with the knowledge and ] skills necessary to improve the management of their own small business...

  9. 76 FR 30990 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... programs, such as, business assessment, management training, counseling, technical assistance, marketing..., including management and technical services, that will enable small disadvantaged businesses to take... the assessment of the regional small business transportation community needs. (B) General...

  10. 78 FR 41817 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... training programs, business assessment, management training, counseling, marketing and outreach, and the..., including management and technical services, that will enable small disadvantaged businesses to take... management of their own small business to expand their transportation-related contracts and...

  11. 78 FR 57457 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-18

    ... Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas in the Federal Register on September 13, 2013 (78 FR 56773... number). Correction In FR Doc. 2013-22334, published on September 13, 2013, at 78 FR 56773, make the.../coordination-pilot/index.asp ''. It should have read, ``...

  12. 78 FR 4973 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... assessment of the regional small business transportation community needs. (B) General Management and... with the knowledge and skills necessary to improve the management of their own small business to expand...., access to working capital, bonding assistance, business counseling, management assistance and...

  13. 77 FR 42790 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... management and technical services, that will enable small disadvantaged businesses to take advantage of those... necessary to improve the management of their own small business to expand their transportation-related... working capital, bonding assistance, business counseling, management assistance and direct referrals...

  14. 76 FR 4408 - Notice of Funding Availability for Applications for Credit Assistance Under the Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... dependence on oil, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing other transportation-related impacts on... January 19, 2011, at 76 FR 3190. DATES: For consideration, Letters of Interest must be submitted... on the program requirements.\\1\\ On January 5, 2001, at 65 FR 2827, the Secretary of...

  15. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  16. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  17. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  18. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  19. 28 CFR 31.301 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Funding. 31.301 Section 31.301 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE OJJDP GRANT PROGRAMS Formula Grants Juvenile Justice Act Requirements § 31.301 Funding. (a) Allocation to States. Funds shall be allocated annually among the States on the...

  20. 49 CFR 33.53 - Types of allocation orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Allocation Actions § 33.53 Types of allocation orders. There are three types of allocation orders available for communicating allocation actions. These are: (a) Set-aside: An official action that requires a... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Types of allocation orders. 33.53 Section...

  1. Sublethal exposure to azamethiphos causes neurotoxicity, altered energy allocation and high mortality during simulated live transport in American lobster.

    PubMed

    Couillard, C M; Burridge, L E

    2015-05-01

    In the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, sea lice outbreaks in caged salmon are treated with pesticides including Salmosan(®), applied as bath treatments and then released into the surrounding seawater. The effect of chronic exposure to low concentrations of this pesticide on neighboring lobster populations is a concern. Adult male lobsters were exposed to 61 ngL(-1) of azamethiphos (a.i. in Salmosan(®) formulation) continuously for 10 days. In addition to the direct effects of pesticide exposure, effects on the ability to cope with shipping conditions and the persistence of the effects after a 24h depuration period in clean seawater were assessed. Indicators of stress and hypoxia (serum total proteins, hemocyanin and lactate), oxidative damage (protein carbonyls in gills and serum) and altered energy allocation (hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices, hepatopancreas lipids) were assessed in addition to neurotoxicity (chlolinesterase activity in muscle). Directly after exposure, azamethiphos-treated lobsters had inhibition of muscle cholinesterase, reduced gonadosomatic index and enhanced hepatosomatic index and hepatopancreas lipid content. All these responses persisted after 24-h depuration, increasing the risk of cumulative impacts with further exposure to chemical or non-chemical stressors. In both control and treated lobsters exposed to simulated shipment conditions, concentrations of protein and lactate in serum, and protein carbonyls in gills increased. However, mortality rate was higher in azamethiphos-treated lobsters (33 ± 14%) than in controls (2.6 ± 4%). Shipment and azamethiphos had cumulative impacts on serum proteins. Both direct effects on neurological function and energy allocation and indirect effect on ability to cope with shipping stress could have significant impacts on lobster population and/or fisheries.

  2. Sublethal exposure to azamethiphos causes neurotoxicity, altered energy allocation and high mortality during simulated live transport in American lobster.

    PubMed

    Couillard, C M; Burridge, L E

    2015-05-01

    In the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, sea lice outbreaks in caged salmon are treated with pesticides including Salmosan(®), applied as bath treatments and then released into the surrounding seawater. The effect of chronic exposure to low concentrations of this pesticide on neighboring lobster populations is a concern. Adult male lobsters were exposed to 61 ngL(-1) of azamethiphos (a.i. in Salmosan(®) formulation) continuously for 10 days. In addition to the direct effects of pesticide exposure, effects on the ability to cope with shipping conditions and the persistence of the effects after a 24h depuration period in clean seawater were assessed. Indicators of stress and hypoxia (serum total proteins, hemocyanin and lactate), oxidative damage (protein carbonyls in gills and serum) and altered energy allocation (hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices, hepatopancreas lipids) were assessed in addition to neurotoxicity (chlolinesterase activity in muscle). Directly after exposure, azamethiphos-treated lobsters had inhibition of muscle cholinesterase, reduced gonadosomatic index and enhanced hepatosomatic index and hepatopancreas lipid content. All these responses persisted after 24-h depuration, increasing the risk of cumulative impacts with further exposure to chemical or non-chemical stressors. In both control and treated lobsters exposed to simulated shipment conditions, concentrations of protein and lactate in serum, and protein carbonyls in gills increased. However, mortality rate was higher in azamethiphos-treated lobsters (33 ± 14%) than in controls (2.6 ± 4%). Shipment and azamethiphos had cumulative impacts on serum proteins. Both direct effects on neurological function and energy allocation and indirect effect on ability to cope with shipping stress could have significant impacts on lobster population and/or fisheries. PMID:25499691

  3. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  4. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  5. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  6. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  7. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  8. 75 FR 70279 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Allocation of Operating Subsidies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ...: Allocation of Operating Subsidies under the Operating Fund. Formula: Data Collection. OMB Approval Number... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Allocation of Operating Subsidies under the Operating Fund Formula: Data Collection AGENCY: Office of the...

  9. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a)(1) For the... local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of WIA adult funds...

  10. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a)(1) For the... local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of WIA adult funds...

  11. Administrators' Decisions about Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, William E.; Folkins, John W.; Hakel, Milton D.; Kennell, Richard P.

    2011-01-01

    Do academic administrators make decisions about resource allocation differently depending on the discipline receiving the funding? Does an administrator's academic identity influence these decisions? This study explored those questions with a sample of 1,690 academic administrators at doctoral-research universities. Participants used fictional…

  12. The Discipline of Asset Allocation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petzel, Todd E.

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of asset allocation for college/university endowment funds focuses on three levels of risk: (1) the absolute risk of the portfolio (usually leading to asset diversification); (2) the benchmark risk (usually comparison with peer institutions; and (3) personal career risk (which may incline managers toward maximizing short-term returns,…

  13. Acquisitions Allocations: Fairness, Equity and Bundled Pricing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Donna

    2001-01-01

    Examined the effect of an interdisciplinary Web-based citation database with full text, the ProQuest Research Library, on the Western State University library's acquisitions allocation plan. Used list price of full-text journals to calculate increases in acquisitions funding. A list of articles discussing formula allocation is appended.…

  14. 41 CFR 302-9.12 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency or temporary storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May I receive an advance... PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE General Rules § 302-9.12 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation...

  15. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  16. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  17. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  18. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  19. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  20. Micro-Level Allocation of ARRA Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayward, Jacob; Holt, Carleton

    2011-01-01

    The federal government, through the Department of Education, distributed millions of dollars to state education departments as part of the American Recovery and Restoration Act (ARRA). Many districts applied for and received thousands of dollars in order to make improvements to schools and impact student achievement. Several districts purchased…

  1. Performance Funding Criteria, Levels, and Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serban, Andreea M.

    1998-01-01

    Although selecting goals and indicators is the most challenging task of performance funding, implementation requires development of other critical elements: success criteria to measure institutional performance; indicator weights for percent of funding allocated to each indicator; an allocation method for setting the relationship between…

  2. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761.205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY... Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula allocation for FO...

  3. Resource Allocation Models and Accountability: A Jamaican Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nkrumah-Young, Kofi K.; Powell, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) may be funded privately, by the state or by a mixture of the two. Nevertheless, any state financing of HE necessitates a mechanism to determine the level of support and the channels through which it is to be directed; that is, a resource allocation model. Public funding, through resource allocation models,…

  4. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  5. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  6. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... state agency comments on any proposed changes to the allocation formula. (f) Grants are limited to...

  7. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... allocation will be available for distribution based on Transition Assistance Program (TAP) workload and other exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the States... for TAP workshops, will be allocated based on need....

  8. ABA and GA3 increase carbon allocation in different organs of grapevine plants by inducing accumulation of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, enhancement of phloem area and expression of sugar transporters.

    PubMed

    Murcia, Germán; Pontin, Mariela; Reinoso, Herminda; Baraldi, Rita; Bertazza, Gianpaolo; Gómez-Talquenca, Sebastián; Bottini, Rubén; Piccoli, Patricia N

    2016-03-01

    Grape quality for winemaking depends on sugar accumulation and metabolism in berries. Abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs) have been reported to control sugar allocation in economically important crops, although the mechanisms involved are still unknown. The present study tested if ABA and gibberellin A3 (GA3) enhance carbon allocation in fruits of grapevines by modifying phloem loading, phloem area and expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries. Pot-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec plants were sprayed with ABA and GA3 solutions. The amount of soluble sugars in leaves and berries related to photosynthesis were examined at three points of berry growth: pre-veraison, full veraison and post-veraison. Starch levels and amylase activity in leaves, gene expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries and phloem anatomy were examined at full veraison. Accumulation of glucose and fructose in berries was hastened in ABA-treated plants at the stage of full veraison, which was correlated with enhancement of Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 2 (VvHT2) and Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 6 (VvHT6) gene expression, increases of phloem area and sucrose content in leaves. On the other hand, GA3 increased the quantity of photoassimilates delivered to the stem thus increasing xylem growth. In conclusion, stimulation of sugar transport by ABA and GA3 to berries and stems, respectively, was due to build-up of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, modifications in phloem tissue and modulation in gene expression of sugar transporters.

  9. Title I Funding: Poor Children Benefit though Funding Per Poor Child Differs. Report to Congressional Addressees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    This study examined Title I funding allocations for school years 1999-2002 and actual allocations received by school districts, interviewing state Title I directors, surveying school district administrators nationwide, and interviewing representatives from relevant federal and national organizations. Title I funds were generally targeted based on…

  10. 25 CFR Appendix A to Subpart G - List of Activities Eligible for Funding Under BIA Transportation Facility Maintenance Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program A Appendix A to Subpart G Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance Pt. 170... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program The following activities are eligible for BIA Transportation...

  11. 25 CFR Appendix A to Subpart G - List of Activities Eligible for Funding Under BIA Transportation Facility Maintenance Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program A Appendix A to Subpart G Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance Pt. 170... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program The following activities are eligible for BIA Transportation...

  12. 25 CFR Appendix A to Subpart G - List of Activities Eligible for Funding Under BIA Transportation Facility Maintenance Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program A Appendix A to Subpart G Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance Pt. 170... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program The following activities are eligible for BIA Transportation...

  13. Collective credit allocation in science

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Hua-Wei; Barabási, Albert-László

    2014-01-01

    Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors’ contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability to accurately measure the relative credit of researchers could affect many aspects of credit allocation in science, potentially impacting hiring, funding, and promotion decisions. PMID:25114238

  14. Collective credit allocation in science.

    PubMed

    Shen, Hua-Wei; Barabási, Albert-László

    2014-08-26

    Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors' contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability to accurately measure the relative credit of researchers could affect many aspects of credit allocation in science, potentially impacting hiring, funding, and promotion decisions. PMID:25114238

  15. Funding Survey. SY 89/90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Catherine M.

    This two-part report presents the results of a budget and funding sources survey of South Carolina library media center programs. In Part 1, survey results are presented for demographic information, staffing information, funding sources, funding amounts from specific sources, allocation of resources, and categories of expenditures. In Part 2, the…

  16. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  17. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  18. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  19. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  20. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  1. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS (DIRECT FEDERAL) Forest Highways § 660.107 Allocations. On October 1 of each fiscal year, the FHWA...

  2. 77 FR 27277 - FTA Supplemental Fiscal Year 2012 Apportionments, Allocations, and Program Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... funds to bus testing and the Fuel Cell program. Tables displaying the funds available to eligible states... table below displays funds allocated to bus testing and the Fuel Cell program. FTA will issue a... Amount State Project ID Project description/name allocated CA, GA, MA E2012-BUSP-018 Fuel Cell...

  3. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal... performance of approved IRR Program activities (see appendix A, subpart B). Tribes can also use BIA road maintenance funds to pay the cost of planning, administration, and performance of maintenance activities...

  4. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal... performance of approved IRR Program activities (see appendix A, subpart B). Tribes can also use BIA road maintenance funds to pay the cost of planning, administration, and performance of maintenance activities...

  5. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal... performance of approved IRR Program activities (see appendix A, subpart B). Tribes can also use BIA road maintenance funds to pay the cost of planning, administration, and performance of maintenance activities...

  6. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal... performance of approved IRR Program activities (see appendix A, subpart B). Tribes can also use BIA road maintenance funds to pay the cost of planning, administration, and performance of maintenance activities...

  7. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal... performance of approved IRR Program activities (see appendix A, subpart B). Tribes can also use BIA road maintenance funds to pay the cost of planning, administration, and performance of maintenance activities...

  8. 36 CFR 64.7 - Project selection and funding procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... coordinate Land and Water Conservation Fund activities. (b) The Washington Office of the Bureau of Outdoor... INTERIOR GRANTS AND ALLOCATIONS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION USE OF ABANDONED RAILROAD...

  9. 76 FR 20087 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    ... Proposed Collection; Comment Request; State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement AGENCY: Departmental Offices, Small Business Lending Funds, Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY... INFORMATION: Title: State Small Business Credit Initiative Allocation Agreement. OMB Number:...

  10. 75 FR 16160 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Allocation of Operating Subsidies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-31

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Allocation of Operating Subsidies Under the Operating Fund Formula: Data Collection AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for... lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Allocation of Operating Subsidies Under...

  11. Validation of Islet Transport From a Geographically Distant Isolation Center Enabling Equitable Access and National Health Service Funding of a Clinical Islet Transplant Program for England.

    PubMed

    Aldibbiat, Ali; Huang, Guo Cai; Zhao, Min; Holliman, Graham N; Ferguson, Linda; Hughes, Stephen; Brigham, Ken; Wardle, Julie; Williams, Rob; Dickinson, Anne; White, Steven A; Johnson, Paul R V; Manas, Derek; Amiel, Stephanie A; Shaw, James A M

    2012-01-01

    Islet transplantation has become established as a successful treatment for type 1 diabetes complicated by recurrent severe hypoglycemia. In the UK access has been limited to a few centrally located units. Our goal was to validate a quality-assured system for safe/effective transport of human islets in the UK and to successfully undertake the first transplants with transported islets. Pancreases were retrieved from deceased donors in the north of England and transported to King's College London using two-layer method (TLM) or University of Wisconsin solution alone. Islets were isolated and transported back to Newcastle in standard blood transfusion or gas-permeable bags with detailed evaluation pre- and posttransport. In the preclinical phase, islets were isolated from 10 pancreases with mean yield of 258,000 islet equivalents. No significant differences were seen between TLM and University of Wisconsin solution organ preservation. A significant loss of integrity was demonstrated in islets shipped in gas-permeable bags, whereas sterility, number, purity, and viability were maintained in blood transfusion bags. Maintenance of secretory granules and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was confirmed following transport. A Standard Operating Procedure enabling final pretransplant quality control from a simple side-arm sample was validated. Moreover, levels of insulin and cytokines in transport medium were low, enabling transplant without centrifugation/resuspension at the recipient site. Six clinical transplants of transported islets were undertaken in five recipients with 100% primary graft function and resolution of severe hypoglycemia. Safe and clinically effective islet transport has been established facilitating sustainable NHS funding of a clinical islet transplant program for the UK.

  12. School Facility Financing: A History of the Role of the State Allocation Board and Options for the Distribution of Proposition 1A Funds. Prepared at the Request of Senator Quentin Kopp.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Joel

    This report examines the history of California school construction financing and its past pitfalls, highlights the problems with pre-existing programs, and explores the history of bond initiatives during the past 5 decades. It begins by examining the State Allocation Board and its staff (the Office of Public School Construction) and reviewing the…

  13. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  14. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  15. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  16. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... assigns weights to various performance factors reflecting program compliance, safety priorities,...

  17. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... assigns weights to various performance factors reflecting program compliance, safety priorities,...

  18. 34 CFR 675.42 - Allocation and reallocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS Work-Colleges Program § 675.42 Allocation and... Federal funds for the Work-Colleges program as a percent of the total of such approved requests for...

  19. 34 CFR 675.42 - Allocation and reallocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS Work-Colleges Program § 675.42 Allocation and... Federal funds for the Work-Colleges program as a percent of the total of such approved requests for...

  20. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether...

  1. 20 CFR 631.82 - Substate allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Disaster Relief Employment Assistance § 631.82 Substate allocation..., within such disaster areas. The remainder of such funds may be reserved by the Governor for use, in... with such major disaster. (b) The JTPA title III program substate grantee for the disaster area...

  2. 24 CFR 905.10 - Capital Fund formula (CFF).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Capital Fund formula (CFF). 905.10... DEVELOPMENT THE PUBLIC HOUSING CAPITAL FUND PROGRAM § 905.10 Capital Fund formula (CFF). (a) General. This section describes the formula for allocation of capital funds to PHAs. The formula is referred to as...

  3. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  4. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  5. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  6. 45 CFR 1321.37 - Intrastate funding formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Intrastate funding formula. 1321.37 Section 1321... funding formula. (a) The State agency, after consultation with all area agencies in the State, shall develop and use an intrastate funding formula for the allocation of funds to area agencies under this...

  7. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  8. 11 CFR 9034.7 - Allocation of travel expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... required by 11 CFR 100.93(j)(1) in addition to any other documentation required in this section. For travel... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of travel expenditures. 9034.7...: PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.7 Allocation of travel expenditures. Link to...

  9. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1998 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report describes fiscal year 1998 grant allocations made under the Illinois Higher Education Cooperation Act (HECA) to support programs and projects involving cooperation among higher education institutions. A total of $16.59 million was allocated. Projects recommended for grant funds include 3 new and 12 continuing interinstitutional…

  10. Funds Allocation and Expenditures under the Education Block Grant. A Special Issue Report from the National Study of Local Operations under Chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apling, Richard; Padilla, Christine L.

    This document presents the findings from one aspect of the National Study of Local Operations under Chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981. The report examines the distribution of funds to school districts under Chapter 2, the federal education block grant. The introductory chapter reviews findings from early studies…

  11. Computer Processor Allocator

    2004-03-01

    The Compute Processor Allocator (CPA) provides an efficient and reliable mechanism for managing and allotting processors in a massively parallel (MP) computer. It maintains information in a database on the health. configuration and allocation of each processor. This persistent information is factored in to each allocation decision. The CPA runs in a distributed fashion to avoid a single point of failure.

  12. DCB Funding

    Cancer.gov

    The Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) funds and supports extramural basic research that investigates the fundamental biology behind cancer. Find out more about DCB's grants process and funding opportunities.

  13. 28 CFR 33.20 - Fund availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... shall receive a base amount of $250,000 with the remaining funds allocated to each state on the basis of... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fund availability. 33.20 Section 33.20 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal...

  14. Child Day Care Recycling Fund Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Gary L.; Neenan, Peter A.

    This report describes the context, design, and findings of an evaluation of a welfare reform initiative, the Recycling Fund Concept, in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. The proposed fund would allocate money to parents of preschool children who receive Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). The concept assumes that lack of child care…

  15. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  16. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  17. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  18. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  19. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  20. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  1. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  2. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  3. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate costs... project or facility. The agency must describe the method used to allocate costs in multipurpose...

  4. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  5. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  6. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  7. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  8. 11 CFR 106.2 - State allocation of expenditures incurred by authorized committees of Presidential primary...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... receiving or expecting to receive federal matching funds pursuant to 11 CFR parts 9031 et seq. The expenditures described in 11 CFR 106.2(b)(2) shall be allocated to a particular State if incurred by a.... Expenditures required to be allocated to the primary election under 11 CFR 9034.4(e) shall also be allocated...

  9. 75 FR 54354 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Allocation of Operating Subsidies...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Allocation of Operating Subsidies Under the Operating Fund Formula: Data Collection AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for... following information: Title of Proposal: Allocation of Operating Subsidies under the Operating Fund...

  10. 75 FR 52393 - Proposed Data Collection; Comment Request: New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program-Allocation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ... allocation round (75 FR 4077, April 8, 2010) may be obtained from the NMTC Program page of the CDFI Fund's... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Proposed Data Collection; Comment Request: New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program--Allocation Application ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: The...

  11. Risk analytics for hedge funds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pareek, Ankur

    2005-05-01

    The rapid growth of the hedge fund industry presents significant business opportunity for the institutional investors particularly in the form of portfolio diversification. To facilitate this, there is a need to develop a new set of risk analytics for investments consisting of hedge funds, with the ultimate aim to create transparency in risk measurement without compromising the proprietary investment strategies of hedge funds. As well documented in the literature, use of dynamic options like strategies by most of the hedge funds make their returns highly non-normal with fat tails and high kurtosis, thus rendering Value at Risk (VaR) and other mean-variance analysis methods unsuitable for hedge fund risk quantification. This paper looks at some unique concerns for hedge fund risk management and will particularly concentrate on two approaches from physical world to model the non-linearities and dynamic correlations in hedge fund portfolio returns: Self Organizing Criticality (SOC) and Random Matrix Theory (RMT).Random Matrix Theory analyzes correlation matrix between different hedge fund styles and filters random noise from genuine correlations arising from interactions within the system. As seen in the results of portfolio risk analysis, it leads to a better portfolio risk forecastability and thus to optimum allocation of resources to different hedge fund styles. The results also prove the efficacy of self-organized criticality and implied portfolio correlation as a tool for risk management and style selection for portfolios of hedge funds, being particularly effective during non-linear market crashes.

  12. Funding emergency care: Australian style.

    PubMed

    Bell, Anthony; Crilly, Julia; Williams, Ged; Wylie, Kate; Toloo, Ghasem Sam; Burke, John; FitzGerald, Gerry

    2014-08-01

    The ongoing challenge for ED leaders is to remain abreast of system-wide changes that impact on the day-to-day management of their departments. Changes to the funding model creates another layer of complexity and this introductory paper serves as the beginning of a discussion about the way in which EDs are funded and how this can and will impact on business decisions, models of care and resource allocation within Australian EDs. Furthermore it is evident that any funding model today will mature and change with time, and moves are afoot to refine and contextualise ED funding over the medium term. This perspective seeks to provide a basis of understanding for our current and future funding arrangements in Australian EDs.

  13. [Targeted public funding for health research in the Netherlands].

    PubMed

    Viergever, Roderik F; Hendriks, Thom C C

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch government funds health research in several ways. One component of public funding consists of funding programmes issued by the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw). The majority of ZonMw's programmes provide funding for research in specific health research areas. Such targeted funding plays an important role in addressing knowledge gaps and in generating products for which there is a need. Good governance of the allocation of targeted funding for health research requires three elements: a research agenda, an overview of the health research currently being conducted, and a transparent decision-making process regarding the distribution of funds. In this article, we describe how public funding for health research is organized in the Netherlands and how the allocation of targeted funds is governed. By describing the questions that the current model of governance raises, we take a first step towards a debate about the governance of targeted public funding for health research in the Netherlands.

  14. Revision of the MCSAP Allocation Formula: Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Truett, L.F.

    2000-09-12

    In 1982, Congress authorized the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP), a Federal grant-in-aid program to improve commercial motor carrier safety. MCSAP was reauthorized in 1986, 1991, and 1998. In June 1997, in anticipation of and preparation for reauthorization, a MCSAP Formula Workgroup convened to analyze requirements for a new allocation formula and to develop the formula. Because of provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), a major change in approach was to consider including performance (i.e., safety improvements) in the formula. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) actively participated in the Workgroup activities, provided technical assistance in evaluating factors and conducting scenario analyses, prepared regulatory language for the Federal Register Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), analyzed NPRM comments and recommended responses to the comments, assisted with preparation of the Federal Register Final Rule, developed the final spreadsheet, and prepared an informational brochure on MCSAP for use by the States. The allocation of MCSAP funds for FY2001 will use the new formula.

  15. Revision of the MCSAP Allocation Formula: Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Truett, L.F.; Davis, S.C.; Hu, P.S.

    2000-09-01

    In 1982, Congress authorized the Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP), a Federal grant-in-aid program to improve commercial motor carrier safety. MCSAP was reauthorized in 1986, 1991, and 1998. In June 1997, in anticipation of and preparation for reauthorization, a MCSAP Formula Workgroup convened to analyze requirements for a new allocation formula and to develop the formula. Because of provisions in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), a major change in approach was to consider including performance (i.e., safety improvements) in the formula. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) actively participated in the Workgroup activities, provided technical assistance in evaluating factors and conducting scenario analyses, prepared regulatory language for the Federal Register Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), analyzed NPRM comments and recommended responses to the comments, assisted with preparation of the Federal Register Final Rule, developed the final spreadsheet, and prepared an informational brochure on MCSAP for use by the States. The allocation of MCSAP funds for FY2001 will use the new formula.

  16. 7 CFR 1948.55 - Source of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Source of funds. 1948.55 Section 1948.55 Agriculture... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program § 1948.55 Source of funds. (a) Grants will be awarded from appropriate funds specifically allocated...

  17. 30 CFR 872.24 - What are Federal expense funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What are Federal expense funds? 872.24 Section 872.24 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... allocated or distributed as State share funds (§ 872.14), Tribal share funds (§ 872.17), historic coal...

  18. 30 CFR 872.24 - What are Federal expense funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are Federal expense funds? 872.24 Section 872.24 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE... allocated or distributed as State share funds (§ 872.14), Tribal share funds (§ 872.17), historic coal...

  19. University Funding in Scotland: Trends and Developments since 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midwinter, Arthur; McVicar, Murray

    1999-01-01

    Examines the modernization of Scotland's higher education funding during the Thatcher years; trends in funding since 1995, when support based on unit costs was reduced; and the 1996 allocation of university funding based on research assessment. Concludes that continued emphasis on "efficiency-based savings" will increase teaching loads and further…

  20. Funding and Financing Vocational Education and Training. Research Readings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Katrina, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book of readings combines the results of a body of research on the funding and financing of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia. Funding arrangements, or how money is distributed, are described in the first section of this book and includes chapters on allocation of funding by state training authorities, the effects of market…

  1. 7 CFR 235.6 - Use of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS STATE ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE FUNDS § 235.6 Use of funds. (a) Funds allocated under this part and 7 CFR part 225 shall be used for State agency administrative costs incurred...

  2. Essays in the Political Economy of Higher Education Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton, Benjamin Hasty

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the consequences of political influence on state higher education funding at the committee level. The State of South Carolina has a long history of using a formula to determine the appropriate amount of funding that is to be allocated to its colleges and universities. I use the funding level implied by the South…

  3. 44 CFR 79.4 - Availability of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of funding. 79.4... § 79.4 Availability of funding. (a) Allocation. (1) For the amount made available for the SRL program... for funding; or (2) FEMA may contribute up to 90 percent of the cost of the eligible activities...

  4. 44 CFR 79.4 - Availability of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Availability of funding. 79.4... § 79.4 Availability of funding. (a) Allocation. (1) For the amount made available for the SRL program... for funding; or (2) FEMA may contribute up to 90 percent of the cost of the eligible activities...

  5. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  6. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  7. Higher Education Fund Raising: What Is the President to Do?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satterwhite, C. Robin; Cedja, Brent

    2005-01-01

    Reductions in state and federal allocations to higher education are requiring colleges and universities to seek alternative sources of funding, and higher education institutions are becoming progressively more involved in fund raising. This increased dependence on private sources of funding emphasizes the need for more in-depth studies of higher…

  8. Alternative Model of Funding for Academic Research in Nigerian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olayiwola, Shina

    2010-01-01

    Funding of academic research in Nigerian universities by Government (5 per cent recurrent grants) is a policy dictated by the National Universities Commission (NUC) as the central body for allocating research funds. This research fund, little as it is, is irregular and inadequate and to make it worse is difficult to access. These aforementioned…

  9. Boston University: Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Emily

    2011-01-01

    Boston University's (BU) Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund was created in 2008 through an allocation of $1 million from the university's administrative budget. The fund is administered by the Vice President of Operations. Potential projects are identified by the university's Director of Energy Administration and Operations along with the…

  10. Missing Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenpflug, Ann

    2012-01-01

    A high school drama coach informs assistant principal Laura Madison that the money students earned through fund-raising activities seems to have vanished and that the male assistant principal may be involved in the disappearance of the funds. Laura has to determine how to address this situation. She considers her past experiences with problematic…

  11. 14 CFR 93.226 - Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and Air Carrier IFR Operations at High Density Traffic Airports § 93.226 Allocation of slots...

  12. 14 CFR 93.226 - Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and Air Carrier IFR Operations at High Density Traffic Airports § 93.226 Allocation of slots...

  13. 14 CFR 93.226 - Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and Air Carrier IFR Operations at High Density Traffic Airports § 93.226 Allocation of slots...

  14. 14 CFR 93.226 - Allocation of slots in low-demand periods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Allocation of Commuter and Air Carrier IFR Operations at High Density Traffic Airports § 93.226 Allocation of slots...

  15. 23 CFR 660.107 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocations. 660.107 Section 660.107 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS... approved Federal Lands Coordinated Technology Implementation Program studies....

  16. Allocation of Biomedical Research Support Grant at The George Washington University Medical Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonard, Fred; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The Biomedical Research Support Grant (BRSG) at The George Washington University Medical Center funds pilot projects submitted by the faculty. The procedures for allocating BRSG funds, their distribution in Medical Center departments, and their effect on attracting extramural funding over a five-year period are discussed.

  17. A Guide to Cost Allocation Procedures: Implementing Strategies for Universal Pre-Kindergarten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell-Browne, Acquenetta; Lederman, Nancy

    This guide is intended to assist community-based providers in New York City who intend to blend universal pre-kindergarten funds with public child care funds, Head Start, preschool special education, or other funds to provide full or extended day early education programs for children. The guide provides information on how to allocate a programs…

  18. Research Funding: the Case for a Modified Lottery

    PubMed Central

    Casadevall, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT The time-honored mechanism of allocating funds based on ranking of proposals by scientific peer review is no longer effective, because review panels cannot accurately stratify proposals to identify the most meritorious ones. Bias has a major influence on funding decisions, and the impact of reviewer bias is magnified by low funding paylines. Despite more than a decade of funding crisis, there has been no fundamental reform in the mechanism for funding research. This essay explores the idea of awarding research funds on the basis of a modified lottery in which peer review is used to identify the most meritorious proposals, from which funded applications are selected by lottery. We suggest that a modified lottery for research fund allocation would have many advantages over the current system, including reducing bias and improving grantee diversity with regard to seniority, race, and gender. PMID:27073093

  19. Research Funding: the Case for a Modified Lottery.

    PubMed

    Fang, Ferric C; Casadevall, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    The time-honored mechanism of allocating funds based on ranking of proposals by scientific peer review is no longer effective, because review panels cannot accurately stratify proposals to identify the most meritorious ones. Bias has a major influence on funding decisions, and the impact of reviewer bias is magnified by low funding paylines. Despite more than a decade of funding crisis, there has been no fundamental reform in the mechanism for funding research. This essay explores the idea of awarding research funds on the basis of a modified lottery in which peer review is used to identify the most meritorious proposals, from which funded applications are selected by lottery. We suggest that a modified lottery for research fund allocation would have many advantages over the current system, including reducing bias and improving grantee diversity with regard to seniority, race, and gender. PMID:27073093

  20. The Unobtrusive Memory Allocator

    2003-03-31

    This library implements a memory allocator/manager which ask its host program or library for memory refions to manage rather than requesting them from the operating system. This allocator supports multiple distinct heaps within a single executable, each of which may grow either upward or downward in memory. The GNU mmalloc library has been modified in such a way that its allocation algorithms have been preserved, but the manner in which it obtains regions to managemore » has been changed to request memory from the host program or library. Additional modifications allow the allocator to manage each heap as either upward or downward-growing. By allowing the hosting program or library to determine what memory is managed, this package allows a greater degree of control than other memory allocation/management libraries. Additional distinguishing features include the ability to manage multiple distinct heaps with in a single executable, each of which may grow either upward or downward in memory. The most common use of this library is in conjunction with the Berkeley Unified Parallel C (UPC) Runtime Library. This package is a modified version of the LGPL-licensed "mmalloc" allocator from release 5.2 of the "gdb" debugger's source code.« less

  1. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  2. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  3. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  4. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to allocate... in multipurpose projects and facilities. A grant-funded project or facility is multipurpose if...

  5. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  6. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  7. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  8. 30 CFR 872.14 - What are State share funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.14 What are... lands) and allocated to you, the State, in the Fund for coal produced in the previous fiscal year....

  9. 30 CFR 872.14 - What are State share funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.14 What are... lands) and allocated to you, the State, in the Fund for coal produced in the previous fiscal year....

  10. 30 CFR 872.14 - What are State share funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.14 What are... lands) and allocated to you, the State, in the Fund for coal produced in the previous fiscal year....

  11. 30 CFR 872.14 - What are State share funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.14 What are... lands) and allocated to you, the State, in the Fund for coal produced in the previous fiscal year....

  12. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  13. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  14. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  15. Funding for Curriculum Development: An Analysis of Some Policy Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Thomas F.

    The problem addressed in this paper is how to design a policy or set of policies suitable to guide the National Institute of Education (NIE) in allocating funds for projects on curriculum research and development. Principles are set forth for ranking curricular needs in the allocational agenda. Three circumstances are described that would call for…

  16. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  17. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  18. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  19. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  20. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  1. Mutual Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan L.

    1993-01-01

    There is good reason for college fund raisers and business officers to collaborate on common financial interests. Communication is a key element of such cooperation. Other needs include agreement on accounting and reporting of institutional finances, agreement on stewardship of gifts (particularly with restrictions or endowments), and common…

  2. Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crank, Ron

    This instructional unit is one of 10 developed by students on various energy-related areas that deals specifically with transportation and energy use. Its objective is for the student to be able to discuss the implication of energy usage as it applies to the area of transportation. Some topics covered are efficiencies of various transportation…

  3. 49 CFR 1135.2 - Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State tax information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State... RECOVERY PROCEDURES § 1135.2 Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method: Annual State tax information. (a) To enable the Board to calculate the revenue shortfall allocation method (RSAM), which is one of the...

  4. 76 FR 40448 - 2010 Tax Information for Use in the Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... Surface Transportation Board 2010 Tax Information for Use in the Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method... Allocation Method (RSAM). DATES: Comments are due by August 8, 2011. If any comment opposing AAR's... Shortfall Allocation Method, EP 646 (Sub-No. 2) (STB served Nov. 21, 2008). RSAM is intended to measure...

  5. 78 FR 34427 - 2012 Tax Information for Use In The Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-07

    ... Surface Transportation Board 2012 Tax Information for Use In The Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method... Shortfall Allocation Method (RSAM). DATES: Comments are due by July 9, 2013. If any comment opposing AAR's... Revenue Shortfall Allocation Method, EP 646 (Sub-No. 2) (STB served Nov. 21, 2008). RSAM is intended...

  6. Performance-Based Funding as an Instrument of Competition in German Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orr, Dominic; Jaeger, Michael; Schwarzenberger, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    A central theme of approaches to new public management is the emulation of the market through state-induced competition. Basing state funding allocations on comparative performance is one way of setting an incentive for competitive practice amongst universities. Reforms in funding allocation have occurred in Germany at both state and university…

  7. 75 FR 63194 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Comment Request Housing Trust Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ... Federal Housing Finance Regulatory Reform Act of 2008, as amended, established the Housing Trust Fund (HTF... of total new business for Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae to be allocated as a dedicated source of annual funding for the HTF, unless allocations are suspended by the Director of the Federal Housing...

  8. Performance-Based Funding of Higher Education: A Detailed Look at Best Practices in 6 States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miao, Kysie

    2012-01-01

    Performance-based funding is a system based on allocating a portion of a state's higher education budget according to specific performance measures such as course completion, credit attainment, and degree completion, instead of allocating funding based entirely on enrollment. It is a model that provides a fuller picture of how successfully…

  9. Resource Allocation in University Libraries in the 1970s and Beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, C. James

    1975-01-01

    For the remainder of the 20th century university libraries will face decreasing funds, a change in priorities from ownership to access, and an increasing focus of resource allocation on personnel. (Author/PF)

  10. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  11. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  12. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  13. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  14. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida 761,000...” households in the United States and multiply by 100. (ii) Divide the number of “Heating Degree Days” for each State by the median “Heating Degree Days” for all States. (iii) Divide the number of “Cooling...

  15. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida 761,000...” households in the United States and multiply by 100. (ii) Divide the number of “Heating Degree Days” for each State by the median “Heating Degree Days” for all States. (iii) Divide the number of “Cooling...

  16. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida 761,000...” households in the United States and multiply by 100. (ii) Divide the number of “Heating Degree Days” for each State by the median “Heating Degree Days” for all States. (iii) Divide the number of “Cooling...

  17. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida 761,000...” households in the United States and multiply by 100. (ii) Divide the number of “Heating Degree Days” for each State by the median “Heating Degree Days” for all States. (iii) Divide the number of “Cooling...

  18. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Colorado 4,574,000 Connecticut 1,887,000 Delaware 409,000 District of Columbia 487,000 Florida 761,000...” households in the United States and multiply by 100. (ii) Divide the number of “Heating Degree Days” for each State by the median “Heating Degree Days” for all States. (iii) Divide the number of “Cooling...

  19. 10 CFR 455.30 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS AND BUILDINGS OWNED BY... coordinating agencies representing them to implement technical assistance and energy conservation measures... to any limitation placed on technical assistance, and energy conservation measures; (2) For...

  20. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 1340.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION...

  1. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of the... under section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, during the second preceding fiscal...

  2. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of the... under section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, during the second preceding fiscal...

  3. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of the... under section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, during the second preceding fiscal...

  4. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of the... under section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, during the second preceding fiscal...

  5. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... State which administers the National School Lunch, School Breakfast or Special Milk Programs an amount... under sections 4 and 11 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, and sections 3, 4 and 17A of the... under section 17 of the National School Lunch Act, as amended, during the second preceding fiscal...

  6. 75 FR 32495 - Operating Fund Subsidies Allocation Formula

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... automated in the Subsidy and Grant Information System (SAGIS). DATES: Comments Due Date: July 8, 2010... collection are automated in the Subsidy and Grant Information System (SAGIS). Frequency of...

  7. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding, and age of housing of any Indian tribes... areas, the demographic values of population, poverty, housing overcrowding and age of housing of...

  8. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  9. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  10. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  11. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the methodology... the most current and reliable information that adequately quantifies the criterion. The weight... basic criteria, or the weights given the criteria. The transition formula first checks whether...

  12. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the methodology... the most current and reliable information that adequately quantifies the criterion. The weight... basic criteria, or the weights given the criteria. The transition formula first checks whether...

  13. Michigan Intermediate School Districts: Funding and Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rollandini, Mark D.

    2009-01-01

    Educational Service Agencies (ESAs) across the United States have historically provided programs and services to local districts in an effort to increase educational achievement for students and the efficiency of local schools. Intermediate School Districts (ISDs), Michigan's unique brand of ESA, are no different. They are there to serve the needs…

  14. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  15. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... the total amount appropriated under section 318(a)(2) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, as...

  16. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... the total amount appropriated under section 318(a)(2) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, as...

  17. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... the total amount appropriated under section 318(a)(2) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, as...

  18. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... the total amount appropriated under section 318(a)(2) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, as...

  19. 15 CFR 923.124 - Allocation of section 309 funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OCEAN AND COASTAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM REGULATIONS Coastal Zone Enhancement Grants Program... the total amount appropriated under section 318(a)(2) of the Coastal Zone Management Act, as...

  20. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the methodology... basic criteria, or the weights given the criteria. The transition formula first checks whether the... weight. See paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (i) The criteria used in the basic formula are: (A)...

  1. Approaches to Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dressel, Paul; Simon, Lou Anna Kimsey

    1976-01-01

    Various budgeting patterns and strategies are currently in use, each with its own particular strengths and weaknesses. Neither cost-benefit analysis nor cost-effectiveness analysis offers any better solution to the allocation problem than do the unsupported contentions of departments or the historical unit costs. An operable model that performs…

  2. Who gets how much: funding formulas in federal public health programs.

    PubMed

    Buehler, James W; Holtgrave, David R

    2007-01-01

    Federal public health programs use a mix of formula-based and competitive methods to allocate funds among states and other constituent jurisdictions. Characteristics of formula-based allocations used by a convenience sample of four programs, three from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and one from the Health Resources and Services Administration, are described to illustrate formula-based allocation methods in public health. Data sources in these public health formulas include population counts and funding proportions based on historical precedent. None include factors that adjust allocations based on variations in the availability of local resources or the cost of delivering services. Formula-funded activities are supplemented by programs that target specific prevention needs or encourage development of innovative methods to address emerging problems, using set-aside funds. A public health finance research agenda should address ways to improve the fit between funding allocation formulas and program objectives.

  3. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1997 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This publication provides individual descriptions of grants allocated by the state of Illinois for aid to higher education for fiscal year 1997 under the provisions of the State Higher Education Cooperation Act. The Act provides funds for interinstitutional grants, minority educational achievement grants, minority articulation program grants,…

  4. 12 CFR 615.5208 - Allotment of allocated investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5208 Allotment of... (agreeing associations): (1) The allotment formula must be calculated annually. (2) The permanent capital... allotted to the bank under applicable allocation agreements. The permanent capital ratio of...

  5. Alternatives Reality: What to Expect from Future Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedlacek, Verne O.

    2014-01-01

    For well more than a decade, the "endowment model" of investing has been synonymous with increasing allocations to alternative investment strategies, defined largely as hedge funds, private real estate, private equity and venture capital and other, generally less liquid or illiquid strategies compared to public markets. This trend…

  6. 7 CFR 1466.5 - National allocation and management.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... overall environmental benefits over the program duration, the Chief will: (a) Use an EQIP fund allocation formula that reflects national priorities and that uses available natural resource and resource concerns... adjustments to national priorities and information about resource concerns and program performance. The...

  7. 7 CFR 1466.5 - National allocation and management.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... overall environmental benefits over the program duration, the Chief will: (a) Use an EQIP fund allocation formula that reflects national priorities and that uses available natural resource and resource concerns... adjustments to national priorities and information about resource concerns and program performance. The...

  8. Resource Allocation Strategies in Doctoral/Research University (Extensive) Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake Gonzalez, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the management of resources by library directors at 151 Public and Private Carnegie classified extensive university libraries in an environment of limited funding for higher education. This study examined the following research questions: 1. What resource allocation strategies are used by…

  9. In the interests of time: improving HIV allocative efficiency modelling via optimal time-varying allocations

    PubMed Central

    Shattock, Andrew J; Kerr, Cliff C; Stuart, Robyn M; Masaki, Emiko; Fraser, Nicole; Benedikt, Clemens; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P; Gray, Richard T

    2016-01-01

    Introduction International investment in the response to HIV and AIDS has plateaued and its future level is uncertain. With many countries committed to ending the epidemic, it is essential to allocate available resources efficiently over different response periods to maximize impact. The objective of this study is to propose a technique to determine the optimal allocation of funds over time across a set of HIV programmes to achieve desirable health outcomes. Methods We developed a technique to determine the optimal time-varying allocation of funds (1) when the future annual HIV budget is pre-defined and (2) when the total budget over a period is pre-defined, but the year-on-year budget is to be optimally determined. We use this methodology with Optima, an HIV transmission model that uses non-linear relationships between programme spending and associated programmatic outcomes to quantify the expected epidemiological impact of spending. We apply these methods to data collected from Zambia to determine the optimal distribution of resources to fund the right programmes, for the right people, at the right time. Results and discussion Considering realistic implementation and ethical constraints, we estimate that the optimal time-varying redistribution of the 2014 Zambian HIV budget between 2015 and 2025 will lead to a 7.6% (7.3% to 7.8%) decrease in cumulative new HIV infections compared with a baseline scenario where programme allocations remain at 2014 levels. This compares to a 5.1% (4.6% to 5.6%) reduction in new infections using an optimal allocation with constant programme spending that recommends unrealistic programmatic changes. Contrasting priorities for programme funding arise when assessing outcomes for a five-year funding period over 5-, 10- and 20-year time horizons. Conclusions Countries increasingly face the need to do more with the resources available. The methodology presented here can aid decision-makers in planning as to when to expand or contract

  10. 7 CFR 1940.579 - Multiple Family Housing appropriations not allocated by State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Multiple Family Housing appropriations not allocated... (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM... and Formulas for Allocation of Loan and Grant Program Funds § 1940.579 Multiple Family...

  11. 7 CFR 1737.61 - Cost allocation for rural and nonrural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... TELECOMMUNICATIONS LOANS Project Cost Estimation Procedures § 1737.61 Cost allocation for rural and nonrural areas. (a) Pursuant to the requirements in 7 CFR part 1735, if loan funds are proposed for facilities to... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost allocation for rural and nonrural areas....

  12. Bringing the Budget Back into Academic Work Allocation Models: A Management Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Michael; Germov, John

    2015-01-01

    Issues surrounding increasingly constrained resources and reducing levels of sector-based funding require consideration of a different Academic Work Allocation Model (AWAM) approach. Evidence from the literature indicates that an effective work allocation model is founded on the principles of equity and transparency in the distribution and…

  13. The Impact of Funding Policies on Higher Education in Jamaica

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nkrumah-Young, Kofi K.; Huisman, Jeroen; Powell, Philip

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses the changes in the higher education funding policies and resource allocation models of the Jamaican government in the period 1962-2003. Throughout these four decades, four different systems were in force. This paper focuses particularly on the arguments for the funding policies and models and the impact of the models on the…

  14. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  15. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  16. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  17. Federal Direct Expenditures and School Funding Disparities, 1990-2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Katherine E.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines recent trends in the allocation of education dollars across school districts, investigating in particular the impact of federal dollars on school funding disparities. Using both the coefficient of variation and the range ratio to evaluate spending disparities, this article estimates that over the 1990s, funding disparities…

  18. Colorado Handbook for State-Funded Student Assistance Programs. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Commission on Higher Education, Denver.

    Policies and procedures established by the Colorado Commission on Higher Education for the use of state-funded student assistance are presented. Annual budget ranges, sample forms, and instructions are included. In addition to providing definitions and general policy information, the guidelines cover fund application and allocation; accounting,…

  19. IT Funding's Race with Obsolescence, Innovation, Diffusion, and Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartkovich, Jeff

    2011-01-01

    General economic uncertainty and ongoing issues with information technology (IT) funding in higher education are impacting the general availability and allocation of funds to community colleges and, subsequently, to IT. However, financial support for IT is not always just about money: how much and to whom, from what source for what purpose. Other…

  20. Fair Student Funding Summit: Conference Proceedings and Recommendations for Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2010

    2010-01-01

    On March 25-26, 2010, a cadre of urban education leaders gathered in Baltimore, Maryland for the "Fair Student Funding Summit," a conference that brought together districts that use weighted student funding (WSF) as an approach for allocating dollars to schools. Convened by Education Resource Strategies (ERS) and hosted by Baltimore City Public…