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Sample records for allocate transportation funds

  1. 25 CFR 170.200 - How does BIA allocate IRR Program funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ROADS PROGRAM Indian Reservation Roads Program Funding Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology... Transportation Allocation Methodology (TTAM) that BIA uses to allocate IRR Program funds. After...

  2. 78 FR 33467 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... Response to Hurricane Sandy: Response, Recovery & Resiliency; Correction AGENCY: Federal Transit... by Hurricane Sandy. This amount was in addition to the initial $2 billion allocation announced in the... allocation restoration FTA Section 5324 Emergency Relief Program Allocations for Hurricane Sandy, by...

  3. 78 FR 32296 - Second Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Response to Hurricane Sandy: Response, Recovery & Resiliency AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA... projects that increase the resiliency of the affected transit systems to future disasters. Such resiliency... the availability of competitive funding for eligible resiliency projects in areas impacted...

  4. 78 FR 19357 - Allocation of Public Transportation Emergency Relief Funds in Response to Hurricane Sandy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ...'s Emergency Relief Program for recovery, relief and resiliency efforts for public transportation in... the affected agencies, excluding projects to improve the resiliency of the affected systems to future... features (resiliency projects). Consistent with FTA's interim final rule, if State or locally adopted...

  5. 25 CFR 170.200 - How does BIA allocate IRR Program funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How does BIA allocate IRR Program funds? 170.200 Section... (ttam) § 170.200 How does BIA allocate IRR Program funds? This section sets forth the Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology (TTAM) that BIA uses to allocate IRR Program funds. After...

  6. Fund allocation using capacitated vehicle routing problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita; Darus, Maslina

    2014-09-01

    In investment fund allocation, it is unwise for an investor to distribute his fund into several assets simultaneously due to economic reasons. One solution is to allocate the fund into a particular asset at a time in a sequence that will either maximize returns or minimize risks depending on the investor's objective. The vehicle routing problem (VRP) provides an avenue to this issue. VRP answers the question on how to efficiently use the available fleet of vehicles to meet a given service demand, subjected to a set of operational requirements. This paper proposes an idea of using capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP) to optimize investment fund allocation by employing data of selected stocks in the FTSE Bursa Malaysia. Results suggest that CRVP can be applied to solve the issue of investment fund allocation and increase the investor's profit.

  7. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of funding. 982.101... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Funding and PHA Application for Funding § 982.101 Allocation of funding. (a) Allocation of funding. HUD allocates available...

  8. 24 CFR 982.101 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of funding. 982.101... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Funding and PHA Application for Funding § 982.101 Allocation of funding. (a) Allocation of funding. HUD allocates available...

  9. Vehicle routing problem in investment fund allocation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita; Mohd, Ismail

    2013-04-01

    Since its introduction by Dantzig and Ramser in 1959, vehicle routing problem keeps evolving in theories, applications and variability. The evolution in computing and technology are also important contributors to research in solving vehicle routing problem. The main sectors of interests among researchers and practitioners for vehicle routing problem are transportation, distribution and logistics. However, literature found that concept and benefits of vehicle routing problem are not taken advantages of by researchers in the field of investment. Other methods found used in investment include multi-objective programming, linear programming, goal programming and integer programming. Yet the application of vehicle routing problem is not fully explored. A proposal on a framework of the fund allocation optimization using vehicle routing problem is presented here. Preliminary results using FTSE Bursa Malaysia data testing the framework are also given.

  10. Minority Transportation Expenditure Allocation Model

    SciTech Connect

    Vyas, Anant D.; Santini, Danilo J.; Marik, Sheri K.

    1993-04-12

    MITRAM (Minority TRansportation expenditure Allocation Model) can project various transportation related attributes of minority (Black and Hispanic) and majority (white) populations. The model projects vehicle ownership, vehicle miles of travel, workers, new car and on-road fleet fuel economy, amount and share of household income spent on gasoline, and household expenditures on public transportation and taxis. MITRAM predicts reactions to sustained fuel price changes for up to 10 years after the change.

  11. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section 3430... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.311 Allocation of research funds. (a) Fundamental research. Of the amount allocated by the Director for research, not less than 60 percent shall...

  12. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section 3430... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.311 Allocation of research funds. (a) Fundamental research. Of the amount allocated by the Director for research, not less than 60 percent shall...

  13. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... (a) Nondiscretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall allocate the following: (1) To each... programs. (b) Discretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall provide the following additional...) of this section bears to the amount allocated to all States under that paragraph. (c) SAE Funds...

  14. 7 CFR 235.4 - Allocation of funds to States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... (a) Nondiscretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall allocate the following: (1) To each... programs. (b) Discretionary SAE Funds. For each fiscal year, FNS shall provide the following additional...) of this section bears to the amount allocated to all States under that paragraph. (c) SAE Funds...

  15. 7 CFR 1774.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Provisions § 1774.4 Allocation of funds. The Secretary may use not more than four percent of the total amount of funds made available for a fiscal year for water and waste disposal activities for SEARCH grants....

  16. 24 CFR 576.3 - Allocation of funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Allocation of funding. 576.3 Section 576.3 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... funding. (a) Territories. HUD will set aside for allocation to the territories up to 0.2 percent, but...

  17. Subcounty Allocation oF ESEA Title I Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Thomas C.; Kutner, Stephen I.

    Congress has chosen to allocate by formula the compensatory education funds in Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I down to only the county level. From the county to the local school district the state may choose any option or allocator deemed consistent with the overall objective of concentrating the funds in districts with a large number…

  18. 7 CFR 3430.311 - Allocation of research funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... available to make grants for applied research. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of research funds. 3430.311 Section 3430... ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS Agriculture and Food Research Initiative § 3430.311 Allocation of research funds....

  19. 25 CFR 170.202 - Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate funding among tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate... LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Indian Reservation Roads Program Funding Tribal Transportation Allocation Methodology (ttam) § 170.202 Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor...

  20. 34 CFR 674.17 - Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund. 674.17 Section 674.17 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued... Provisions § 674.17 Federal interest in allocated funds—transfer of Fund. (a) If an institution...

  1. 45 CFR 1080.3 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.3 Allocation of funds. From the amounts made available under the Emergency Community Services Homeless Grant Program, the Secretary shall make grants to States that...

  2. 45 CFR 1080.3 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.3 Allocation of funds. From the amounts made available under the Emergency Community Services Homeless Grant Program, the Secretary shall make grants to States that...

  3. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  4. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  5. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  6. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  7. 7 CFR 1775.67 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.67 Allocation of funds. The maximum amount for a single applicant for a Solid Waste Management project will be 25...

  8. The Use of Population Projections to Allocate Public Funds,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    reviews recent efforts on the part of several federal agencies to apply demographic forecasting to federal assistance. These efforts reflect a growing...state-local relations. If projected population is to become a factor for the allocation of public funds, then certain questions should be answered before...allocate federal assistance funds. Indeed, considering the generally dismal record of demographic forecasting, one might wonder why anyone would even

  9. Funding Allocation and Staff Management. A Portuguese Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Maria Joao; Amado, Diana; Amaral, Alberto

    2009-01-01

    For many years the Portuguese Ministry of Education used a funding formula to allocate the State budget to public higher education institutions. Some of its major objectives were higher enrolments and allocation equity. As the expenditure on salaries was a major component of the budget, the formula was supposed to force convergence to established…

  10. 20 CFR 632.252 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of funds. 632.252 Section 632.252 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Summer Youth Employment and Training Programs § 632.252 Allocation of...

  11. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... qualifying targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  12. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... targeted assistance county may allocate its targeted assistance funds differently from the formula... chooses; however, a State may not assign a greater weight to welfare data than it has assigned to population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  13. 20 CFR 633.106 - Eligibility for allocable funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility for allocable funds. 633.106 Section 633.106 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORKER PROGRAMS Introductory Provisions § 633.106 Eligibility for allocable...

  14. Vehicle routing problem and capacitated vehicle routing problem frameworks in fund allocation problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah@Rozita

    2016-11-01

    Two new methods adopted from methods commonly used in the field of transportation and logistics are proposed to solve a specific issue of investment allocation problem. Vehicle routing problem and capacitated vehicle routing methods are applied to optimize the fund allocation of a portfolio of investment assets. This is done by determining the sequence of the assets. As a result, total investment risk is minimized by this sequence.

  15. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Georgia 1,844,000 Hawaii 120,000 Idaho 1,618,000 Illinois 10,717,000 Indiana 5,156,000 Iowa...

  16. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Georgia 1,844,000 Hawaii 120,000 Idaho 1,618,000 Illinois 10,717,000 Indiana 5,156,000 Iowa...

  17. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Georgia 1,844,000 Hawaii 120,000 Idaho 1,618,000 Illinois 10,717,000 Indiana 5,156,000 Iowa...

  18. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Georgia 1,844,000 Hawaii 120,000 Idaho 1,618,000 Illinois 10,717,000 Indiana 5,156,000 Iowa...

  19. 10 CFR 440.10 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of funds. 440.10 Section 440.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE FOR LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.10 Allocation... Georgia 1,844,000 Hawaii 120,000 Idaho 1,618,000 Illinois 10,717,000 Indiana 5,156,000 Iowa...

  20. Optimizing investment fund allocation using vehicle routing problem framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mamat, Nur Jumaadzan Zaleha; Jaaman, Saiful Hafizah; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita

    2014-07-01

    The objective of investment is to maximize total returns or minimize total risks. To determine the optimum order of investment, vehicle routing problem method is used. The method which is widely used in the field of resource distribution shares almost similar characteristics with the problem of investment fund allocation. In this paper we describe and elucidate the concept of using vehicle routing problem framework in optimizing the allocation of investment fund. To better illustrate these similarities, sectorial data from FTSE Bursa Malaysia is used. Results show that different values of utility for risk-averse investors generate the same investment routes.

  1. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Allocation of funds. 570.4 Section 570.4 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  2. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences. (d) Rapid Response Food and Agricultural Science for Emergency Issues Awards. The Secretary may allocate some funding to address emergency issues in the food and agricultural sciences as... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD...

  3. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  4. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  5. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  6. Funding the Plan: Integration of Strategic Planning and Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagel, Richard T.

    2011-01-01

    California Community Colleges are facing increased accountability while at the same time experiencing reduced and uncertain state funding. When resources are not properly allocated there is waste, public criticism, and ultimately increased oversight. A review of the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) sanction letters…

  7. 49 CFR 350.313 - How are MCSAP funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... may be distributed for safety audits of New Entrant motor carriers under the New Entrant Safety Assurance Program at the discretion of the Administrator. (3) The remaining funds will be allocated among... able to use government employees to conduct New Entrant motor carrier audits, the Administrator may...

  8. 7 CFR 3430.310 - Allocation of AFRI funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... agricultural sciences. (d) Rapid Response Food and Agricultural Science for Emergency Issues Awards. The Secretary may allocate some funding to address emergency issues in the food and agricultural sciences as... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD...

  9. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of funds. 81.4 Section 81.4 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED AND...

  10. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Area ONAP allocation of funds. 1003.101 Section 1003.101 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE...

  11. 28 CFR 90.54 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 90.54 Section 90.54 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments... will take into account the applicants' varying needs in addressing violence against women....

  12. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Availability and allocation of funds. 90.16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant...

  13. 45 CFR 402.34 - Allocation of unexpended funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allocation of unexpended funds. 402.34 Section 402.34 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION...

  14. Allocating Federal Funds for State Programs for English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academies Press, 2011

    2011-01-01

    As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), the allocation of federal funds for…

  15. 7 CFR 1738.13 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... available, RUS will: (1) Establish a national reserve for broadband loans, and (2) Allocate amounts in the reserve to each State, territory, and insular possession, based on the ratio of the number of communities...) To be considered eligible for funding from the State reserve during the fiscal year, an...

  16. 40 CFR 35.910 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of funds. 35.910 Section 35.910 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act §...

  17. 12 CFR 1075.105 - Allocating funds from the Civil Penalty Fund-in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... section to classes of victims and to consumer education and financial literacy programs as appropriate... general. 1075.105 Section 1075.105 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION CONSUMER FINANCIAL CIVIL PENALTY FUND RULE § 1075.105 Allocating funds from the Civil Penalty Fund—in general. (a)...

  18. Reference allocations and use of a disparity measure to inform the design of allocation funding formulas in public health programs.

    PubMed

    Buehler, James W; Bernet, Patrick M; Ogden, Lydia L

    2012-01-01

    Funding formulas are commonly used by federal agencies to allocate program funds to states. As one approach to evaluating differences in allocations resulting from alternative formula calculations, we propose the use of a measure derived from the Gini index to summarize differences in allocations relative to 2 referent allocations: one based on equal per-capita funding across states and another based on equal funding per person living in poverty, which we define as the "proportionality of allocation" (PA). These referents reflect underlying values that often shape formula-based allocations for public health programs. The size of state populations serves as a general proxy for the amount of funding needed to support programs across states. While the size of state populations living in poverty is correlated with overall population size, allocations based on states' shares of the national population living in poverty reflect variations in funding need shaped by the association between poverty and multiple adverse health outcomes. The PA measure is a summary of the degree of dispersion in state-specific allocations relative to the referent allocations and provides a quick assessment of the impact of selecting alternative funding formula designs. We illustrate the PA values by adjusting a sample allocation, using various measures of the salary costs and in-state wealth, which might modulate states' needs for federal funding.

  19. 7 CFR 247.22 - Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.22 Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies....

  20. 7 CFR 247.22 - Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.22 Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies....

  1. 7 CFR 247.22 - Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.22 Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies....

  2. 7 CFR 247.22 - Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.22 Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies....

  3. 7 CFR 247.22 - Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.22 Allocation and disbursement of administrative funds to State agencies....

  4. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  5. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  6. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  7. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  8. 34 CFR 200.75 - Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special procedures for allocating concentration grant... Allocations to Leas § 200.75 Special procedures for allocating concentration grant funds in small States. (a... concentration grants among eligible LEAs in the State in accordance with §§ 200.72 through 200.74, as...

  9. 20 CFR 633.105 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... disruption of funding levels from one year to the next, a hold harmless or other factor to minimize such disruption may be used. (4) Funding cycle. Projects will be funded in accordance with a schedule to...

  10. Hedge Funds and Asset Allocation: Investor Confidence, Diversification Benefits, and a Change in Investment Style Composition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bessler, Wolfgang; Holler, Julian

    Based on the belief that hedge funds are able to generate positive risk-adjusted returns (alpha) and diversification benefits in a portfolio context, many investors have included hedge funds in their asset allocation in order to optimize the risk-return trade-off of their investments. We provide evidence that more optimistic prior beliefs about expected risk-adjusted returns (alpha) lead to higher allocations into hedge funds. It appears, however, that history may not be the best guide for future fund performance and that the diversification benefits have declined over time. One reason for the lower risk-adjusted returns is a capacity effect in that previously exceptional hedge fund returns caused higher inflows to these funds and consequently a competition for alpha among investors. In our empirical analysis we provide additional evidence of other explanations for decreasing hedge fund benefits such as an increase in correlations with other asset classes and changes in the style composition of hedge funds.

  11. 76 FR 11310 - Alternatives Analysis Program Discretionary Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ...: Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. ACTION: Alternatives Analysis Program Announcement of Project...) announces the selection of projects funded with unallocated Section 5339 Alternatives Analysis Program funds... potential sponsors of major transit capital investments (``New Starts'' and ``Small Starts'' projects)...

  12. 43 CFR 4610.4-3 - Allocation of funds appropriated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000) LEASES OF GRAZING LAND-PIERCE ACT Procedures... the Pierce Act, when appropriated by the Congress, will be allocated to the budgets of the...

  13. 43 CFR 4610.4-3 - Allocation of funds appropriated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000) LEASES OF GRAZING LAND-PIERCE ACT Procedures... the Pierce Act, when appropriated by the Congress, will be allocated to the budgets of the...

  14. 43 CFR 4610.4-3 - Allocation of funds appropriated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000) LEASES OF GRAZING LAND-PIERCE ACT Procedures... the Pierce Act, when appropriated by the Congress, will be allocated to the budgets of the...

  15. 43 CFR 4610.4-3 - Allocation of funds appropriated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000) LEASES OF GRAZING LAND-PIERCE ACT Procedures... the Pierce Act, when appropriated by the Congress, will be allocated to the budgets of the...

  16. 45 CFR 400.319 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... its population of refugees who arrived in the U.S. during the most recent 5-year period. A State may... population data in its allocation formula. (b) A State must assure that not less than 95 percent of the...

  17. Methods to rank traffic rule violations resulting in crashes for allocation of funds.

    PubMed

    Penmetsa, Praveena; Pulugurtha, Srinivas S

    2017-02-01

    Education, enforcement and engineering countermeasures are implemented to make road users comply with the traffic rules. Not all the traffic rule violations can be addressed nor countermeasures be implemented at all unsafe locations, at once, due to limited funds. Therefore, this study aims at ranking the traffic rule violations resulting in crashes based on individual ranks, such as 1) frequency (expressed as a function of the number of drivers violating a traffic rule and involved in crashes), 2) crash severity, 3) total crash cost, and, 4) cost severity index, to assist transportation system managers in prioritizing the allocation of funds and improving safety on roads. Crash data gathered for the state of North Carolina was processed and used in this study. Variations in the ranks of traffic rule violations were observed when individual ranking methods are used. As an example, exceeding authorized speed limit and driving under the influence of alcohol are ranked 1st and 2nd based on crash severity while failure to reduce speed and failure to yield the right-of-way are ranked 1st and 2nd based on frequency. To minimize the variations and capture the merits of individual ranking methods, four different composite ranks were computed by combining selected individual ranks. The computed averages and standard deviations of absolute rank differences between composite ranks is lower than those obtained from individual ranks. The weights to combine the selected individual ranks have a marginal effect on the computed averages and standard deviations of absolute rank differences. Combining frequency and crash severity or cost severity index, using equal weights, is recommended for prioritization and allocation of funds.

  18. 77 FR 50903 - Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations: Administrative Funding Allocations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... meaningful and timely input by elected Tribal leaders. In 2005, FNS convened a work group comprised of FNS.... The work group was asked to develop a proposal(s) for a new funding methodology for the allocation of FDPIR federal administrative funds. The work group conducted its deliberations via 33 conference...

  19. Alternative Approaches for Allocating Federal Funds for the Education of Disadvantaged Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, K. Forbis; Irwin, Paul M.

    This paper analyzes alternative approaches to allocating Chapter I funds for the education of disadvantaged children. The paper begins with a short discussion of the traditional method of distributing funds to districts on the basis of low-income student representation and then considers how changes in the poverty count from the 1970 to the 1980…

  20. Autism research funding allocation: can economics tell us if we have got it right?

    PubMed

    Zwicker, Jennifer D; Emery, J C Herbert

    2014-12-01

    There is a concern that the allocation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research funding may be misallocating resources, overemphasizing basic science at the expense of translational and clinical research. Anthony Bailey has proposed that an economic evaluation of autism research funding allocations could be beneficial for funding agencies by identifying under- or overfunded areas of research. In response to Bailey, we illustrate why economics cannot provide an objective, technical solution for identifying the "best" allocation of research resources. Economic evaluation has its greatest power as a late-stage research tool for interventions with identified objectives, outcomes, and data. This is not the case for evaluating whether research areas are over- or underfunded. Without an understanding of how research funding influences the likelihood and value of a discovery, or without a statement of the societal objectives for ASD research and level of risk aversion, economic analysis cannot provide a useful normative evaluation of ASD research.

  1. 10 CFR 455.30 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS AND BUILDINGS OWNED BY...: to award grants to schools, hospitals, units of local government, and public care institutions and... make available up to 10 percent of its allocation for schools and hospitals in each grant program...

  2. 10 CFR 455.30 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS AND BUILDINGS OWNED BY...: to award grants to schools, hospitals, units of local government, and public care institutions and... make available up to 10 percent of its allocation for schools and hospitals in each grant program...

  3. 10 CFR 455.30 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS AND BUILDINGS OWNED BY...: to award grants to schools, hospitals, units of local government, and public care institutions and... make available up to 10 percent of its allocation for schools and hospitals in each grant program...

  4. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  5. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... adequately met with a formula allocation. (7) Reserve.An amount retained under the National Office control... percentage of national rural population will be 50 percent. (B) State's percentage of national rural population with incomes below the poverty level will be 25 percent. (C) State's percentage of...

  6. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  7. 10 CFR 470.15 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... population; and (2) One-third to be allocated according to the number of proposals received, per hundred thousand of population of the Region, which meet the requirements set forth in § 470.14(a). (b) The minimum... of this section, population shall be determined by the most current complete national series,...

  8. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  9. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND... minimum amounts allocated to the States under paragraph (a)(1) of this section) as the number of...

  10. 25 CFR 170.607 - Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for contract support costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for... Miscellaneous Provisions § 170.607 Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for contract support costs? Yes. Contract support costs are an eligible item out of a tribe's IRR Program allocation and...

  11. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... used for the formula and the weights assigned, and explain the State's decision to use other... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How are WIA title I formula funds allocated... WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.130 How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local...

  12. Allocating funds for HIV/AIDS: a descriptive study of KwaDukuza, South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Lasry, Arielle; Carter, Michael W; Zaric, Gregory S

    2011-01-01

    Objective Through a descriptive study, we determined the factors that influence the decision-making process for allocating funds to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programmes, and the extent to which formal decision tools are used in the municipality of KwaDukuza, South Africa. Methods We conducted 35 key informant interviews in KwaDukuza. The interview questions addressed specific resource allocation issues while allowing respondents to speak openly about the complexities of the HIV/AIDS resource allocation process. Results Donors have a large influence on the decision-making process for HIV/AIDS resource allocation. However, advocacy groups, governmental bodies and local communities also play an important role. Political power, culture and ethics are among a set of intangible factors that have a strong influence on HIV/AIDS resource allocation. Formal methods, including needs assessment, best practice approaches, epidemiologic modelling and cost-effectiveness analysis are sometimes used to support the HIV/AIDS resource allocation process. Historical spending patterns are an important consideration in future HIV/AIDS allocation strategies. Conclusions Several factors and groups influence resource allocation in KwaDukuza. Although formal economic and epidemiologic information is sometimes used, in most cases other factors are more important for resource allocation decision-making. These other factors should be considered in any attempts to improve the resource allocation processes. PMID:20551138

  13. Optimal resource allocation in random networks with transportation bandwidths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeung, C. H.; Wong, K. Y. Michael

    2009-03-01

    We apply statistical physics to study the task of resource allocation in random sparse networks with limited bandwidths for the transportation of resources along the links. Recursive relations from the Bethe approximation are converted into useful algorithms. Bottlenecks emerge when the bandwidths are small, causing an increase in the fraction of idle links. For a given total bandwidth per node, the efficiency of allocation increases with the network connectivity. In the high connectivity limit, we find a phase transition at a critical bandwidth, above which clusters of balanced nodes appear, characterized by a profile of homogenized resource allocation similar to the Maxwell construction.

  14. Assessing Grant Allocation Methods for Federal Homeland Security Urban Area Assistance Funding

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    model, such as directly funding public safety and assessing relative need, could be applied in the United States as a pilot study. Similar to the...security grant program, HSGP, grant allocation factors, risk-based grants, relative risk rankings 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 87 16. PRICE CODE 17...funding public safety and assessing relative need, could be applied in the United States as a pilot study. Similar to the Department of Justice’s direct

  15. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  16. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  17. 7 CFR 1005.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1005.80 Section... MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1005.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  18. 7 CFR 1007.80 - Transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.80 Section... AREA Order Regulating Handling Marketwide Service Payments § 1007.80 Transportation credit balancing fund. The market administrator shall maintain a separate fund known as the Transportation...

  19. 34 CFR 381.22 - How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Secretary allocate funds under this program? 381.22 Section 381.22 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROTECTION AND...

  20. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...

  1. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...

  2. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER...

  3. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER...

  4. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER...

  5. 24 CFR 203.421 - Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund income or loss. 203.421 Section 203.421 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER...

  6. 24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses. 213.276 Section 213.276 Housing and Urban Development...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...

  7. 34 CFR 363.20 - How does the Secretary allocate funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Secretary allocate funds? 363.20 Section 363.20 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION THE STATE SUPPORTED...

  8. 7 CFR 1484.22 - How are Cooperator program funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How are Cooperator program funds allocated? 1484.22 Section 1484.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP...

  9. 7 CFR 1484.22 - How are Cooperator program funds allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How are Cooperator program funds allocated? 1484.22 Section 1484.22 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORT PROGRAMS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP FOREIGN MARKETS...

  10. Softening the Blow: Toward a Fairer Allocation of Title I Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Raegen

    2011-01-01

    The All Children Are Equal Act introduced by Rep. Glenn Thomson (R-PA) in the House of Representatives last week tackles a flaw in the way Title I, the largest program authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, allocates funds to school districts. The bill, which enjoys bipartisan sponsorship of Rep. G.K. Butterfield…

  11. 12 CFR 1075.106 - Allocating funds to classes of victims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...)(1) of this section, she may allocate funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs....106 Section 1075.106 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION CONSUMER FINANCIAL... action but determined by the Chief Financial Officer to be uncollectible in whole or in part, the...

  12. Intra-District Resource Allocation and Criteria Used for Student Based Funding in Urban School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aloo, Peter Mangla

    2011-01-01

    Resource allocation to school sites in public school districts is inequitable. While Student Based Funding (SBF) has been implemented in several major urban school districts, there are few empirical studies about how SBF policies are derived and implemented. Current efforts to align resources with student need are hindered by a lack of systematic,…

  13. 50 CFR 80.23 - Allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fishery projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... freshwater fishery projects. 80.23 Section 80.23 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE... RESTORATION ACTS § 80.23 Allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fishery projects. (a) Each coastal... for marine fisheries and projects having recreational benefits for freshwater fisheries. (1)...

  14. 10 CFR 420.11 - Allocation of funds among the States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Allocation of funds among the States. 420.11 Section 420.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION STATE ENERGY PROGRAM Formula Grant Procedures... State State/Territory Alabama $381,000 Alaska 180,000 Arizona 344,000 Arkansas 307,000 California...

  15. 50 CFR 80.65 - Does an agency have to allocate funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.65 Does an agency have... and wildlife agency must equitably allocate the funds apportioned under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  16. 75 FR 13223 - Funds Received in Response to Solicitations; Allocation of Expenses by Separate Segregated Funds...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION... Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Final rules. SUMMARY: The Federal Election Commission (``Commission'') is removing its rule regarding...

  17. Allocating Scarce Resources Strategically - An Evaluation and Discussion of the Global Fund's Pattern of Disbursements

    PubMed Central

    McCoy, David; Kinyua, Kelvin

    2012-01-01

    Background The Global Fund is under pressure to improve its rationing of financial support. This study describes the GF's pattern of disbursements in relation to total health expenditure (THE), government health expenditure (GHE), income status and the burden of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. It also examines the potential for recipient countries to increase domestic public financing for health. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of 104 countries that received Global Fund disbursements in 2009. It analyses data on Global Fund disbursements; health financing indicators; government revenue and expenditure; and burden of disease. Findings Global Fund disbursements made up 0.37% of THE across all 104 countries; but with considerable country variation ranging from 0.002% to 53.4%. Global Fund disbursements to government amounted to 0.47% of GHE across the 104 countries, but again with considerable variation (in three countries more than half of GHE was based on Global Fund support). Although the Global Fund provides progressively more funding for lower income countries on average, there is much variation at the country such that here was no correlation between per capita GF disbursements and per capita THE, nor between per capita GF disbursement to government and per capita GHE. There was only a slight positive correlation between per capita GF disbursement and burden of disease. Several countries with a high degree of 'financial dependency' upon the Fund have the potential to increase levels of domestic financing for health. Discussion The Global Fund can improve its targeting of resources so that it better matches the pattern of global need. To do this it needs to: a) reduce the extent to which funds are allocated on a demand-driven basis; and b) align its funding model to broader health systems financing and patterns of health expenditure beyond the three diseases. PMID:22590496

  18. Allocating HIV prevention funds in the United States: recommendations from an optimization model.

    PubMed

    Lasry, Arielle; Sansom, Stephanie L; Hicks, Katherine A; Uzunangelov, Vladislav

    2012-01-01

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had an annual budget of approximately $327 million to fund health departments and community-based organizations for core HIV testing and prevention programs domestically between 2001 and 2006. Annual HIV incidence has been relatively stable since the year 2000 and was estimated at 48,600 cases in 2006 and 48,100 in 2009. Using estimates on HIV incidence, prevalence, prevention program costs and benefits, and current spending, we created an HIV resource allocation model that can generate a mathematically optimal allocation of the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's extramural budget for HIV testing, and counseling and education programs. The model's data inputs and methods were reviewed by subject matter experts internal and external to the CDC via an extensive validation process. The model projects the HIV epidemic for the United States under different allocation strategies under a fixed budget. Our objective is to support national HIV prevention planning efforts and inform the decision-making process for HIV resource allocation. Model results can be summarized into three main recommendations. First, more funds should be allocated to testing and these should further target men who have sex with men and injecting drug users. Second, counseling and education interventions ought to provide a greater focus on HIV positive persons who are aware of their status. And lastly, interventions should target those at high risk for transmitting or acquiring HIV, rather than lower-risk members of the general population. The main conclusions of the HIV resource allocation model have played a role in the introduction of new programs and provide valuable guidance to target resources and improve the impact of HIV prevention efforts in the United States.

  19. Funding fertility: issues in the allocation and distribution of resources to assisted reproduction technologies.

    PubMed

    Devlin, Nancy; Parkin, David

    2003-05-01

    The appropriate level and source of funds for assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs), in particular IVF, have been controversial in most developed economies. Funding of fertility services internationally is characterized by low public (or other third party) funding, a greater reliance on user-pays than in most other health services, and variations in funding and provision. This article describes the characteristics of infertility as a condition and its treatment that have been used as a rationale for its exclusion from an otherwise comprehensive coverage of health services. The challenges these characteristics pose for the use of economic evaluation to inform resource allocation are discussed. Most economic evaluations have focused on the cost effectiveness of alternative infertility treatments. These evaluations provide important information, but do not inform the real issue at stake: what is the appropriate allocation of funds to ARTs, given that it involves sacrificing improvements in health in other areas? Cost utility analysis - the method of economic appraisal preferred by most agencies charged with making such decisions (including the National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK) - is ill-equipped to deal with the benefits produced by ARTs. Alternative methods are available, but require decision makers to weigh up very different sorts of evidence. Demonstration of the willingness to pay for the benefits of ARTs can be used to support public decisions but, conversely, also implies that those who can pay will pay in a private market. Ultimately, decisions about the inclusion or otherwise of ARTs in collectively funded health systems probably rest as much on judgments about equity in access as value for money. Given that this is the case, public funding of IVF should be accompanied by the development of agreed criteria for the prioritization of potential recipients, to ensure treatment is targeted at those for whom it is most effective and that access

  20. Identifying a Statistical Model for North Dakota K-12 Public School Transportation Funding by Comparing Fifteen State Transportation Funding Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holen, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the history of North Dakota K-12 transportation funding system, identify how school districts are reimbursed for transportation expenses, and compare this information with fourteen other state transportation funding systems. North Dakota utilizes a block grant structure that has been in place since 1972 and…

  1. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.66 What... could affect the number of sportfishing license holders. (e) The amounts allocated from each...

  2. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... areas? (a) General. The Governor must allocate WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... activities, for adults and dislocated workers, and Statewide youth activities, as described in 20 CFR...

  3. 11 CFR 106.6 - Allocation of expenses between federal and non-federal activities by separate segregated funds...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... connected organization; (ii) The direct costs of a fundraising program or event including disbursements for solicitation of funds and for planning and administration of actual fundraising events, where Federal and non... allocating direct costs of fundraising. (1) If federal and non-federal funds are collected by one...

  4. 20 CFR 667.130 - How are WIA title I formula funds allocated to local workforce investment areas?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... areas? (a) General. The Governor must allocate WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults... reserve. (1) Of the WIA formula funds allotted for services to youth, adults and dislocated workers, the... activities, for adults and dislocated workers, and Statewide youth activities, as described in 20 CFR...

  5. Challenges in defining an optimal approach to formula-based allocations of public health funds in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Buehler, James W; Holtgrave, David R

    2007-01-01

    Background Controversy and debate can arise whenever public health agencies determine how program funds should be allocated among constituent jurisdictions. Two common strategies for making such allocations are expert review of competitive applications and the use of funding formulas. Despite widespread use of funding formulas by public health agencies in the United States, formula allocation strategies in public health have been subject to relatively little formal scrutiny, with the notable exception of the attention focused on formula funding of HIV care programs. To inform debates and deliberations in the selection of a formula-based approach, we summarize key challenges to formula-based funding, based on prior reviews of federal programs in the United States. Discussion The primary challenge lies in identifying data sources and formula calculation methods that both reflect and serve program objectives, with or without adjustments for variations in the cost of delivering services, the availability of local resources, capacity, or performance. Simplicity and transparency are major advantages of formula-based allocations, but these advantages can be offset if formula-based allocations are perceived to under- or over-fund some jurisdictions, which may result from how guaranteed minimum funding levels are set or from "hold-harmless" provisions intended to blunt the effects of changes in formula design or random variations in source data. While fairness is considered an advantage of formula-based allocations, the design of a formula may implicitly reflect unquestioned values concerning equity versus equivalence in setting funding policies. Whether or how past or projected trends are taken into account can also have substantial impacts on allocations. Summary Insufficient attention has been focused on how the approach to designing funding formulas in public health should differ for treatment or service versus prevention programs. Further evaluations of formula

  6. Role of metabolite transporters in source-sink carbon allocation

    PubMed Central

    Ludewig, Frank; Flügge, Ulf-Ingo

    2013-01-01

    Plants assimilate carbon dioxide during photosynthesis in chloroplasts. Assimilated carbon is subsequently allocated throughout the plant. Generally, two types of organs can be distinguished, mature green source leaves as net photoassimilate exporters, and net importers, the sinks, e.g., roots, flowers, small leaves, and storage organs like tubers. Within these organs, different tissue types developed according to their respective function, and cells of either tissue type are highly compartmentalized. Photoassimilates are allocated to distinct compartments of these tissues in all organs, requiring a set of metabolite transporters mediating this intercompartmental transfer. The general route of photoassimilates can be briefly described as follows. Upon fixation of carbon dioxide in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, triose phosphates either enter the cytosol for mainly sucrose formation or remain in the stroma to form transiently stored starch which is degraded during the night and enters the cytosol as maltose or glucose to be further metabolized to sucrose. In both cases, sucrose enters the phloem for long distance transport or is transiently stored in the vacuole, or can be degraded to hexoses which also can be stored in the vacuole. In the majority of plant species, sucrose is actively loaded into the phloem via the apoplast. Following long distance transport, it is released into sink organs, where it enters cells as source of carbon and energy. In storage organs, sucrose can be stored, or carbon derived from sucrose can be stored as starch in plastids, or as oil in oil bodies, or – in combination with nitrogen – as protein in protein storage vacuoles and protein bodies. Here, we focus on transport proteins known for either of these steps, and discuss the implications for yield increase in plants upon genetic engineering of respective transporters. PMID:23847636

  7. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  8. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  9. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  10. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Student Transportation Eligibility for Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back...

  11. Optimum allocation of conservation funds and choice of conservation programs for a set of African cattle breeds

    PubMed Central

    Reist-Marti, Sabine B; Abdulai, Awudu; Simianer, Henner

    2006-01-01

    Although funds for livestock conservation are limited there is little known about the optimal allocation of conservation funds. A new algorithm was used to allocate Mio US$ 1, 2, 3, 5 or unlimited funds, discounted over 50 years, on 23 African cattle breeds conserved with four different possible conservation programs. Additionally, Mio US$ 1 was preferably allocated to breeds with special traits. The conceptional in situ conservation programs strongly involve breeders and give them part of the responsibility for the conservation of the breed. Therefore, the pure in situ conservation was more efficient than cryoconservation or combined in situ and cryoconservation. The average annual discounted conservation cost for a breed can be as low as US$ 1000 to US$ 4400 depending on the design of the conservation program and the economic situation of the country of conservation. The choice of the breeds and the optimal conservation program and the amount of money allocated to each breed depend on many factors such as the amount of funds available, the conservation potential of each breed, the effects of the conservation program as well as its cost. With Mio US$ 1, 64% of the present diversity could be maintained over 50 years, which is 13% more than would be maintained if no conservation measures were implemented. Special traits could be conserved with a rather small amount of the total funds. Diversity can not be conserved completely, not even with unlimited funds. A maximum of 92% of the present diversity could be conserved with Mio US$ 10, leaving 8% of the diversity to unpredictable happenings. The suggested algorithm proved to be useful for optimal allocation of conservation funds. It allocated the funds optimally among breeds by identifying the most suited conservation program for each breed, also accounting for differences in currency exchange rates between the different countries. PMID:16451794

  12. 76 FR 42055 - Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 97 Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units...: In the Transport Rule Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs), EPA finalized allowance allocations for 2012 and thereafter to existing units subject to the Transport Rule FIP trading programs in...

  13. Funding Based on Needs? A Study on the Use of Needs Assessment Data by a Major Humanitarian Health Assistance Donor in its Decisions to Allocate Funds

    PubMed Central

    Olin, Emma; von Schreeb, Johan

    2014-01-01

    Background: International humanitarian assistance is essential for disaster-affected populations, particularly in resource scarce settings. To target such assistance, needs assessments are required. According to internationally endorsed principles, donor governments should provide funding for humanitarian assistance based on need. Aim: The aim of this study is to explore a major donor’s use of needs assessment data in decision-making for allocations of funds for health-related humanitarian assistance contributions. Setting: This is a case study of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), a major and respected international donor of humanitarian assistance. Methods: To explore Sida’s use of needs assessment data in practice for needs-based allocations, we reviewed all decision documents and assessment memoranda for humanitarian assistance contributions for 2012 using content analysis; this was followed by interviews with key personnel at Sida. Results: Our document analysis found that needs assessment data was not systematically included in Sida’s assessment memoranda and decision documents. In the interviews, we observed various descriptions of the concept of needs assessments, the importance of contextual influences as well as previous collaborations with implementing humanitarian assistance organizations. Our findings indicate that policies guiding funding decisions on humanitarian assistance need to be matched with available needs assessment data and that terminologies and concepts have to be clearly defined. Conclusion: Based on the document analysis and the interviews, it is unclear how well Sida used needs assessment data for decisions to allocate funds. However, although our observations show that needs assessments are seldom used in decision making, Sida’s use of needs assessments has improved compared to a previous study. To improve project funds allocations based on needs assessment data, it will be critical to develop

  14. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine Program ? 872.20 Section 872.20 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated...

  15. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine Program ? 872.20 Section 872.20 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated...

  16. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine Program ? 872.20 Section 872.20 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated...

  17. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine Program ? 872.20 Section 872.20 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated...

  18. 30 CFR 872.20 - What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds currently allocated to the Rural Abandoned Mine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What will OSM do with unappropriated AML funds... MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES § 872.20 What will OSM do with unappropriated AML... will make available any moneys that remain allocated to RAMP and that were not appropriated or moved...

  19. 25 CFR 170.607 - Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for contract support costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for contract support costs? 170.607 Section 170.607 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Service Delivery for Indian Reservation...

  20. 50 CFR 80.66 - What requirements apply to allocation of funds between marine and freshwater fisheries projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.66 What... marine and freshwater fisheries projects may become ineligible to use Sport Fish Restoration...

  1. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE....705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back to home on...

  2. Factors affecting the United Nations' response to natural disasters: what determines the allocation of the Central Emergency Response Fund?

    PubMed

    Robinson, Tyler D; Oliveira, Thiago M; Kayden, Stephanie

    2017-01-30

    Natural disasters can overwhelm the domestic response of a country, leaving it dependent on external humanitarian relief. The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) of the United Nations centralises humanitarian funding and thus allows for a rapid response. This study combined data to analyse the factors that affected the allocation of CERF funding to countries that suffered a natural disaster between 2007 and 2013. It generated descriptive statistics and information on relative risks, and performed regressions of CERF funding across countries. There were 4,346 disasters in total in 188 countries between 2007 and 2013. CERF provided USD 2.98 billion to 87 countries, comprising 3.3 per cent of their total humanitarian funding. CERF more frequently supplied aid to countries in North Africa and the Middle East, and to those that had suffered geophysical disasters. Appropriately, it funds vulnerable countries experiencing severe natural disasters, yet its funding may be affected by variables beyond severity and vulnerability. Further investigation is warranted, therefore.

  3. Does earmarked donor funding make it more or less likely that developing countries will allocate their resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits?

    PubMed Central

    Waddington, Catriona

    2004-01-01

    It should not be assumed that earmarked donor funding automatically increases the allocation of developing-country resources towards programmes that yield the greatest health benefits. Sometimes it does, sometimes it does not--how the funding is designed can influence this. This is true particularly in the longer term, once the earmarked funding has ended. Even in the short term, total funding does not necessarily increase because of fungibility (i.e. recipient governments adjust their spending to offset donor funding preferences). The author explores six problems with earmarked funding: the multiplicity of earmarked funds confuses the situation for decision-makers; earmarking works against the spirit of the sectorwide approach; from the national perspective, it makes sense not to double-fund activities; local ownership of an activity is often compromised; earmarking can lead governments to accept interventions which they cannot afford in the longer term; and earmarking can distort local resource allocation. PMID:15628209

  4. 45 CFR 270.8 - How will we allocate the bonus award funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... will allocate and award $140 million to the ten States with the highest scores for each work measure as... Work Force—$21 million; (b) In FY 2002 and beyond, we will allocate and award $20 million to the ten States with the highest scores on the Food Stamp measures and $20 million to the ten States with...

  5. 78 FR 45604 - Funding Opportunity Title: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ... Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the combined Calendar Year (CY) 2013 and 2014 Allocation Round of... letters and organizational charts) in electronic form (see Section IV.D. of this NOAA for more details... NOAA. NMTC allocation applicants that are not yet certified as Community Development Entities...

  6. 77 FR 43418 - Funding Opportunity Title: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the CY 2012 Allocation Round of the New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC... electronic form (see Section IV.D. of this NOAA for more details). Applications must meet all eligibility and other requirements and deadlines, as applicable, set forth in this NOAA. NMTC allocation applicants...

  7. Reflection on the history, coordination, and funding trends for U.S. public meat research: information to enhance resource allocation.

    PubMed

    Miller, L R

    2002-08-01

    A study was conducted to analyze resource allocation for public meat research in the United States and characterize the portfolio of meat research investments. Trends in the amount of public resources provided for meat research (beef, pork, lamb, and poultry) were analyzed for fiscal years 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 1997. An in-depth analysis was conducted for data from fiscal year 1998 to characterize the profile of the research portfolio. Funding levels and scientist-year equivalents were aggregated to represent the measures of resource allocation for three mutually exclusive research categories: 1) meat quality, 2) food safety, and 3) product development and processing. Data for the 1998 profile analysis were derived from a computer search based on the combination of key words and research classification codes to avoid duplication and cluster research projects. Individual research projects were individually reviewed and a percentage was assigned to four mutually exclusive research categories: 1) meat quality, 2) food safety, 3) product development and processing, and 4) marketing. As meat research evolved over the past century, considerable efforts were expended by researchers and administrators to ensure the coordination of research and program relevance. This is demonstrated by the establishment of numerous multistate research committees. Total funding for meat science increased only modestly when adjusted for inflation during the two decades of this study; however, notable changes occurred in the distribution of resources in the portfolio. Funding for meat quality and product development and processing remained virtually unchanged when adjusted for inflation, whereas funding for food safety increased considerably. The total number of scientists conducting meat research remained virtually unchanged during the period, but the proportion allocated to food safety research increased substantially. The federal portion of total funding decreased from 61.3% to 51

  8. 12 CFR 1075.107 - Allocating funds to consumer education and financial literacy programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... financial literacy programs. 1075.107 Section 1075.107 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL... financial literacy programs. (a) If funds available under § 1075.105(c) remain after the Fund Administrator... consumer education and financial literacy programs. (b) The Fund Administrator shall not have the...

  9. 25 CFR 170.403 - What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation... Program Facilities Transportation Planning § 170.403 What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation... list or TTIP and request the use of up to 100 percent of their IRR Program construction funds...

  10. 25 CFR 170.403 - What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation... Program Facilities Transportation Planning § 170.403 What IRR Program funds can be used for transportation... list or TTIP and request the use of up to 100 percent of their IRR Program construction funds...

  11. 76 FR 8675 - Prioritization and Allocation Authority Exercised by the Secretary of Transportation Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-15

    ...The Department of Transportation's Office of the Secretary (OST) is initiating this proposed rulemaking to clarify the priorities and allocation authorities exercised by the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) under title 1 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (Defense Production Act), and to set forth the administrative procedures by which the Secretary will exercise this authority. This......

  12. An algorithm for calculating exam quality as a basis for performance-based allocation of funds at medical schools

    PubMed Central

    Kirschstein, Timo; Wolters, Alexander; Lenz, Jan-Hendrik; Fröhlich, Susanne; Hakenberg, Oliver; Kundt, Günther; Darmüntzel, Martin; Hecker, Michael; Altiner, Attila; Müller-Hilke, Brigitte

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The amendment of the Medical Licensing Act (ÄAppO) in Germany in 2002 led to the introduction of graded assessments in the clinical part of medical studies. This, in turn, lent new weight to the importance of written tests, even though the minimum requirements for exam quality are sometimes difficult to reach. Introducing exam quality as a criterion for the award of performance-based allocation of funds is expected to steer the attention of faculty members towards more quality and perpetuate higher standards. However, at present there is a lack of suitable algorithms for calculating exam quality. Methods: In the spring of 2014, the students‘ dean commissioned the „core group“ for curricular improvement at the University Medical Center in Rostock to revise the criteria for the allocation of performance-based funds for teaching. In a first approach, we developed an algorithm that was based on the results of the most common type of exam in medical education, multiple choice tests. It included item difficulty and discrimination, reliability as well as the distribution of grades achieved. Results: This algorithm quantitatively describes exam quality of multiple choice exams. However, it can also be applied to exams involving short assay questions and the OSCE. It thus allows for the quantitation of exam quality in the various subjects and – in analogy to impact factors and third party grants – a ranking among faculty. Conclusion: Our algorithm can be applied to all test formats in which item difficulty, the discriminatory power of the individual items, reliability of the exam and the distribution of grades are measured. Even though the content validity of an exam is not considered here, we believe that our algorithm is suitable as a general basis for performance-based allocation of funds. PMID:27275509

  13. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding for transportation planning and unified planning... TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND RESEARCH PLANNING ASSISTANCE AND STANDARDS Metropolitan Transportation Planning and Programming § 450.308 Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs. (a)...

  14. Aspen SUCROSE TRANSPORTER3 allocates carbon into wood fibers.

    PubMed

    Mahboubi, Amir; Ratke, Christine; Gorzsás, András; Kumar, Manoj; Mellerowicz, Ewa J; Niittylä, Totte

    2013-12-01

    Wood formation in trees requires carbon import from the photosynthetic tissues. In several tree species, including Populus species, the majority of this carbon is derived from sucrose (Suc) transported in the phloem. The mechanism of radial Suc transport from phloem to developing wood is not well understood. We investigated the role of active Suc transport during secondary cell wall formation in hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × Populus tremuloides). We show that RNA interference-mediated reduction of PttSUT3 (for Suc/H(+) symporter) during secondary cell wall formation in developing wood caused thinner wood fiber walls accompanied by a reduction in cellulose and an increase in lignin. Suc content in the phloem and developing wood was not significantly changed. However, after (13)CO2 assimilation, the SUT3RNAi lines contained more (13)C than the wild type in the Suc-containing extract of developing wood. Hence, Suc was transported into developing wood, but the Suc-derived carbon was not efficiently incorporated to wood fiber walls. A yellow fluorescent protein:PttSUT3 fusion localized to plasma membrane, suggesting that reduced Suc import into developing wood fibers was the cause of the observed cell wall phenotype. The results show the importance of active Suc transport for wood formation in a symplasmically phloem-loading tree species and identify PttSUT3 as a principal transporter for carbon delivery into secondary cell wall-forming wood fibers.

  15. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  16. 20 CFR 631.32 - Allocation of funds by the Governor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for an appropriate weight for each of the formula factors set forth in paragraph (b)(2) of this... formula to be used in issuing substate allocations required under paragraph (a) of this section to substate grantees. (2) The formula prescribed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall...

  17. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., 200.75, and 200.100, an SEA may not change the Secretary's allocation to any LEA that serves an area... grants, and education finance incentive grants, through SEAs, to each eligible LEA for which the Bureau... level based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the Bureau of the Census; (2)...

  18. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., 200.75, and 200.100, an SEA may not change the Secretary's allocation to any LEA that serves an area... grants, and education finance incentive grants, through SEAs, to each eligible LEA for which the Bureau... level based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the Bureau of the Census; (2)...

  19. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., 200.75, and 200.100, an SEA may not change the Secretary's allocation to any LEA that serves an area... grants, and education finance incentive grants, through SEAs, to each eligible LEA for which the Bureau... level based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the Bureau of the Census; (2)...

  20. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., 200.75, and 200.100, an SEA may not change the Secretary's allocation to any LEA that serves an area... grants, and education finance incentive grants, through SEAs, to each eligible LEA for which the Bureau... level based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the Bureau of the Census; (2)...

  1. 34 CFR 200.70 - Allocation of funds to LEAs in general.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., 200.75, and 200.100, an SEA may not change the Secretary's allocation to any LEA that serves an area... grants, and education finance incentive grants, through SEAs, to each eligible LEA for which the Bureau... level based on the most recent satisfactory data available from the Bureau of the Census; (2)...

  2. 20 CFR 669.650 - How are MSFW youth funds allocated to section 167 youth grantees?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR NATIONAL FARMWORKER JOBS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT The MSFW... include criteria in the SGA that promote a geographical distribution of funds and that encourages...

  3. Mitigating the Erratic Behavior of the Transportation Working Capital Fund Through Accurate Forecasting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-19

    MITIGATING THE ERRATIC BEHAVIOR OF THE TRANSPORTATION WORKING CAPITAL FUND THROUGH ACCURATE FORECASTING...MITIGATING THE ERRATIC BEHAVIOR OF THE TRANSPORTATION WORKING ...DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT-ENS-GRP-15-J-028 MITIGATING THE ERRATIC BEHAVIOR OF THE TRANSPORTATION WORKING CAPITAL FUND THROUGH ACCURATE

  4. 77 FR 59793 - Prioritization and Allocation Authority Exercised by the Secretary of Transportation Under the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ...This final rule clarifies the priorities and allocation authorities exercised by the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary) under title I of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (Defense Production Act), and establishes the administrative procedures by which the Secretary will exercise this authority. In addition, in this final rule the Department is seeking comments on certain revised......

  5. 25 CFR 170.202 - Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate funding among tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for their approved IRR projects and activities under 23 U.S.C. 202(d)(2). The IRR Program construction.... (a) The IRR Program construction funds will be distributed in accordance with the BIA procedures for self-governance tribes that negotiate IRR construction projects into their AFA, and distributed to...

  6. 25 CFR 170.202 - Does the Relative Need Distribution Factor allocate funding among tribes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for their approved IRR projects and activities under 23 U.S.C. 202(d)(2). The IRR Program construction.... (a) The IRR Program construction funds will be distributed in accordance with the BIA procedures for self-governance tribes that negotiate IRR construction projects into their AFA, and distributed to...

  7. An Investigation on Allocative Efficiency and Implications of New Funding Plans for the Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mamun, Shamsul Arifeen Khan; Rahman, Mohammand Mafizur

    2016-01-01

    In 2013 and 2014, the Australian Federal Government introduced the Gonski reforms and fee deregulation measures to reform the prevailing financing provisions for education sectors in Australia. The central proposition of the proposed new measures was to reduce the funding of public universities by the Federal Government. One likely consequence of…

  8. 25 CFR 39.702 - Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... transportation? A school transporting students by commercial bus, train, airplane, or other commercial modes of... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation? 39.702 Section 39.702 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  9. 25 CFR 39.702 - Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... transportation? A school transporting students by commercial bus, train, airplane, or other commercial modes of... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation? 39.702 Section 39.702 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  10. 25 CFR 39.702 - Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... transportation? A school transporting students by commercial bus, train, airplane, or other commercial modes of... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation? 39.702 Section 39.702 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  11. 25 CFR 39.702 - Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... transportation? A school transporting students by commercial bus, train, airplane, or other commercial modes of... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation? 39.702 Section 39.702 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  12. 25 CFR 39.702 - Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... transportation? A school transporting students by commercial bus, train, airplane, or other commercial modes of... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a school receive funds to transport residential students using commercial transportation? 39.702 Section 39.702 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...

  13. 25 CFR 39.706 - Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day... peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds? Yes. If the peripheral dormitory is required to... students to the public school for day transportation funding....

  14. 25 CFR 39.706 - Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Are peripheral dormitories eligible for day... peripheral dormitories eligible for day transportation funds? Yes. If the peripheral dormitory is required to... students to the public school for day transportation funding....

  15. 34 CFR 76.796 - What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the consequences of an SEA allocating more or fewer funds to a charter school LEA under a covered program than the amount for which the charter school LEA is eligible when the charter school LEA actually opens or significantly expands its enrollment?...

  16. 78 FR 25339 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Tribal Transportation Program Safety Funds; and Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ... to address the 4 E's, and its foundation, data.'' \\2\\ The TTPCC is a committee established in 25 CFR...; significant leverage with other funding; the tribe has not received funding for a safety construction project... construction project in the last 10 years or the projects is part of a coordinated approach with one to...

  17. 23 CFR 450.308 - Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... work programs. 450.308 Section 450.308 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Programming § 450.308 Funding for transportation planning and unified planning work programs. (a) Funds... documented in a unified planning work program (UPWP) or simplified statement of work in accordance with...

  18. Grants and Funding for State and Local Transportation

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    State and Local Transportation resources are for air quality and transportation government and community leaders. Guidance, strategies and links to grant opportunities are offered for reducing vehicle air pollution, including ozone or smog.

  19. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  20. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  1. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  2. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  3. 40 CFR 278.3 - Criteria for use of chat in Federally funded transportation projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) IN ASPHALT CONCRETE AND PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE IN TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS FUNDED IN..., or in epoxy seal; or (b) The chat is used in Portland cement concrete, granular road base,...

  4. Allocation, stress tolerance and carbon transport in plants: how does phloem physiology affect plant ecology?

    PubMed

    Savage, Jessica A; Clearwater, Michael J; Haines, Dustin F; Klein, Tamir; Mencuccini, Maurizio; Sevanto, Sanna; Turgeon, Robert; Zhang, Cankui

    2016-04-01

    Despite the crucial role of carbon transport in whole plant physiology and its impact on plant-environment interactions and ecosystem function, relatively little research has tried to examine how phloem physiology impacts plant ecology. In this review, we highlight several areas of active research where inquiry into phloem physiology has increased our understanding of whole plant function and ecological processes. We consider how xylem-phloem interactions impact plant drought tolerance and reproduction, how phloem transport influences carbon allocation in trees and carbon cycling in ecosystems and how phloem function mediates plant relations with insects, pests, microbes and symbiotes. We argue that in spite of challenges that exist in studying phloem physiology, it is critical that we consider the role of this dynamic vascular system when examining the relationship between plants and their biotic and abiotic environment.

  5. 78 FR 47480 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Tribal Transportation Program Safety Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ... include, but are not limited to: Safety Management System Implementation Plan activities; Public service announcements; and Programs implemented to inform the public or address behaviors that affect transportation... engineering improvements, enforcement and emergency services improvements, and education programs, all...

  6. 76 FR 50289 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ...This notice announces the availability of funding and requests proposals for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure Investments. In addition, this notice announces selection criteria and pre-application and application requirements for the National Infrastructure Investments. On July 1, 2011 the Department of Transportation published an interim notice announcing the......

  7. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal... Transportation Departments § 170.931 Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs? Yes. Tribes can use IRR Program funds to pay the cost of planning, administration,...

  8. 25 CFR 170.931 - Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal... Transportation Departments § 170.931 Can tribes use IRR Program funds to pay tribal transportation department operating costs? Yes. Tribes can use IRR Program funds to pay the cost of planning, administration,...

  9. The Resource Allocation Program at the University of California, San Francisco: Getting More from Intramural Funding Bucks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volpe, Emanuela; Kiser, Gretchen; Henry, Roland; Giacomini, Kathy; Volberding, Paul; Waldman, Frederic; Lowenstein, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Intramural funding programs within both large and small research institutions are an essential mechanism to foster collaborative, novel, or preliminary research activity, and to further institutional research strategic goals. At most research institutions in the United States, these funding opportunities are managed by each funding agency or…

  10. Formula Funding and Decentralized Management of Schools--Has It Improved Resource Allocation in Schools in Sri Lanka?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arunatilake, Nisha; Jayawardena, Priyanka

    2010-01-01

    Using the experience of the Educational Quality Inputs (EQI) Scheme in Sri Lanka the paper examines the distributional aspects of formula-based funding and efficiency of decentralized management of education funds in a developing country setting. The study finds that the EQI fund distribution is largely pro-poor. However, results show that to…

  11. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks.

    PubMed

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model's objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior.

  12. K-Shortest-Path-Based Evacuation Routing with Police Resource Allocation in City Transportation Networks

    PubMed Central

    He, Yunyue; Liu, Zhong; Shi, Jianmai; Wang, Yishan; Zhang, Jiaming; Liu, Jinyuan

    2015-01-01

    Emergency evacuation aims to transport people from dangerous places to safe shelters as quickly as possible. Police play an important role in the evacuation process, as they can handle traffic accidents immediately and help people move smoothly on roads. This paper investigates an evacuation routing problem that involves police resource allocation. We propose a novel k-th-shortest-path-based technique that uses explicit congestion control to optimize evacuation routing and police resource allocation. A nonlinear mixed-integer programming model is presented to formulate the problem. The model’s objective is to minimize the overall evacuation clearance time. Two algorithms are given to solve the problem. The first one linearizes the original model and solves the linearized problem with CPLEX. The second one is a heuristic algorithm that uses a police resource utilization efficiency index to directly solve the original model. This police resource utilization efficiency index significantly aids in the evaluation of road links from an evacuation throughput perspective. The proposed algorithms are tested with a number of examples based on real data from cities of different sizes. The computational results show that the police resource utilization efficiency index is very helpful in finding near-optimal solutions. Additionally, comparing the performance of the heuristic algorithm and the linearization method by using randomly generated examples indicates that the efficiency of the heuristic algorithm is superior. PMID:26226109

  13. 25 CFR 170.607 - Can a tribe use its allocation of IRR Program funds for contract support costs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Service Delivery for Indian Reservation Roads... costs? Yes. Contract support costs are an eligible item out of a tribe's IRR Program allocation and...

  14. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... explain in a memo entry the allocable expenses to which the transfer relates and the date on which the... period in which each transfer occurred, the committee shall explain in a memo entry the...

  15. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... explain in a memo entry the allocable expenses to which the transfer relates and the date on which the... period in which each transfer occurred, the committee shall explain in a memo entry the...

  16. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... explain in a memo entry the allocable expenses to which the transfer relates and the date on which the... period in which each transfer occurred, the committee shall explain in a memo entry the...

  17. 11 CFR 104.10 - Reporting by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees of expenses allocated among...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... explain in a memo entry the allocable expenses to which the transfer relates and the date on which the... period in which each transfer occurred, the committee shall explain in a memo entry the...

  18. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... IRR transportation facilities? 170.808 Section 170.808 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA Road Maintenance Program funds cannot be used to improve roads or other IRR transportation facilities to a...

  19. 25 CFR 170.808 - Can BIA Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... IRR transportation facilities? 170.808 Section 170.808 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Road Maintenance Program funds be used to improve IRR transportation facilities? No. BIA Road Maintenance Program funds cannot be used to improve roads or other IRR transportation facilities to a...

  20. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105 Public... transporting HHG and temporary storage? An advance of funds may be authorized when the transportation of...

  1. 25 CFR 170.405 - Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road... Reservation Roads Program Facilities Transportation Planning § 170.405 Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects? Yes, any tribe can request to have its...

  2. 7 CFR 1007.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.81 Section 1007.81 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN...

  3. 7 CFR 1007.81 - Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Payments to the transportation credit balancing fund. 1007.81 Section 1007.81 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN...

  4. 78 FR 56773 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    .... eastern standard time. The NOFA includes funding priorities for those applicants who, through innovative transportation services, will assist Veterans in highly rural areas travel to VA medical centers and other VA and non-VA facilities in connection with the provision of VA medical care. To allow applicants more...

  5. 76 FR 38719 - Interim Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ...This interim notice announces the availability of funding and requests proposals for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure Investments, or ``TIGER Discretionary Grants.'' In addition, this interim notice announces selection criteria and pre- application and application requirements for these grants. On April 15, 2011, the President signed the Full-Year Continuing......

  6. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE...

  7. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE...

  8. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE...

  9. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE...

  10. 34 CFR 200.48 - Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Funding for choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services. 200.48 Section 200.48 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TITLE...

  11. Funding allocation to surgery in low and middle-income countries: a retrospective analysis of contributions from the USA

    PubMed Central

    Dieleman, Joseph; Dare, Anna J; Ramos, Margarita S; Riviello, Robert; Meara, John G; Yamey, Gavin; Shrime, Mark G

    2015-01-01

    Objective The funds available for global surgical delivery, capacity building and research are unknown and presumed to be low. Meanwhile, conditions amenable to surgery are estimated to account for nearly 30% of the global burden of disease. We describe funds given to these efforts from the USA, the world's largest donor nation. Design Retrospective database review. US Agency for International Development (USAID), National Institute of Health (NIH), Foundation Center and registered US charitable organisations were searched for financial data on any organisation giving exclusively to surgical care in low and middle income countries (LMICs). For USAID, NIH and Foundation Center all available data for all years were included. The five recent years of financial data per charitable organisation were included. All nominal dollars were adjusted for inflation by converting to 2014 US dollars. Setting USA. Participants USAID, NIH, Foundation Center, Charitable Organisations. Primary and secondary outcome measures Cumulative funds appropriated to global surgery. Results 22 NIH funded projects (totalling $31.3 million) were identified, primarily related to injury and trauma. Six relevant USAID projects were identified—all obstetric fistula care totalling $438 million. A total of $105 million was given to universities and charitable organisations by US foundations for 12 different surgical specialties. 95 US charitable organisations representing 14 specialties totalled revenue of $2.67 billion and expenditure of $2.5 billion. Conclusions and relevance Current funding flows to surgical care in LMICs are poorly understood. US funding predominantly comes from private charitable organisations, is often narrowly focused and does not always reflect local needs or support capacity building. Improving surgical care, and embedding it within national health systems in LMICs, will likely require greater financial investment. Tracking funds targeting surgery helps to quantify and

  12. 25 CFR 170.404 - What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program... tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning? In order for IRR Program... percent of its IRR Program construction funds, whichever is greater, for transportation planning. If...

  13. 25 CFR 170.404 - What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What happens when a tribe uses its IRR Program... tribe uses its IRR Program construction funds for transportation planning? In order for IRR Program... percent of its IRR Program construction funds, whichever is greater, for transportation planning. If...

  14. The effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 on the regional allocation of public funds for the National Health Service in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Piola, Sérgio Francisco; de França, José Rivaldo Mello; Nunes, André

    2016-02-01

    This article analyzes the effects of Constitutional Amendment 29 in financing the Brazilian National Health Service, SUS, between 2000 and 2010. The aim was to analyze how the resources that were allocated by the three spheres of government were used on a general basis and in specific regions. Analysis was also conducted on the possible repercussions of the Amendment in the allocation of finances for SUS. The results showed: an important increase in the designated resources that were used by the three spheres of government during the aforementioned period. There was an increase in real terms of 112% in consolidated spending and an 89% increase in spending per capita by the three spheres. There was also more participation from the States, the Federal District and the Municipalities in financing the system. However, in spite of the increase in the use of financial resources, regional inequalities, in relation to spending per capita, remained practically unchanged.

  15. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND PROFESSIONAL BOOKS... transporting HHG and temporary storage? An advance of funds may be authorized when the transportation of HHG... be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105...

  16. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND PROFESSIONAL BOOKS... transporting HHG and temporary storage? An advance of funds may be authorized when the transportation of HHG... be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105...

  17. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS AND PROFESSIONAL BOOKS... transporting HHG and temporary storage? An advance of funds may be authorized when the transportation of HHG... be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105...

  18. 34 CFR 403.113 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to area...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... School Vocational Education Program to area vocational education schools and intermediate educational... TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Kinds of Activities Does the Secretary Assist Under the Basic Programs... intermediate educational agencies? (a) A State shall distribute funds reserved under § 403.112(a) directly...

  19. Effects of Vicarious Experiences of Nature, Environmental Attitudes, and Outdoor Recreation Benefits on Support for Increased Funding Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kil, Namyun

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of vicarious experiences of nature, environmental attitudes, and recreation benefits sought by participants on their support for funding of natural resources and alternative energy options. Using a national scenic trail user survey, results demonstrated that vicarious experiences of nature influenced environmental…

  20. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (b) of this section, a State may not distribute funds to an LEA that operates only elementary schools...: (1) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its graduating students to a single local... operating only elementary schools. (2) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its...

  1. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (b) of this section, a State may not distribute funds to an LEA that operates only elementary schools...: (1) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its graduating students to a single local... operating only elementary schools. (2) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its...

  2. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (b) of this section, a State may not distribute funds to an LEA that operates only elementary schools...: (1) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its graduating students to a single local... operating only elementary schools. (2) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its...

  3. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (b) of this section, a State may not distribute funds to an LEA that operates only elementary schools...: (1) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its graduating students to a single local... operating only elementary schools. (2) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its...

  4. 34 CFR 403.112 - How does a State allocate funds under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program to local...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (b) of this section, a State may not distribute funds to an LEA that operates only elementary schools...: (1) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its graduating students to a single local... operating only elementary schools. (2) If an LEA that operates only elementary schools sends its...

  5. 25 CFR 170.405 - Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... funds be used for road construction and other projects? Yes, any tribe can request to have its planning... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects? 170.405 Section 170.405 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 25 CFR 170.405 - Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... funds be used for road construction and other projects? Yes, any tribe can request to have its planning... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can tribal transportation planning funds be used for road construction and other projects? 170.405 Section 170.405 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...

  7. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    DOE PAGES

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; ...

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scannermore » to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in carbon allocation in sorghum plants, as they advanced to maturity

  8. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner

    SciTech Connect

    Karve, Abhijit A.; Alexoff, David; Kim, Dohyun; Schueller, Michael J.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Babst, Benjamin A.

    2015-11-09

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes have not been adapted for large plants. Positron emission tomography (PET), developed for dynamic imaging in medicine, has been applied in plant studies to measure the transport and allocation patterns of carbohydrates, nutrients, and phytohormones labeled with positron-emitting radioisotopes. However, the cost of PET and its limitation to smaller plants has restricted its use in plant biology. Here we describe the adaptation and optimization of a commercial clinical PET scanner to measure transport dynamics and allocation patterns of 11C-photoassimilates in large crops. Based on measurements of a phantom, we optimized instrument settings, including use of 3-D mode and attenuation correction to maximize the accuracy of measurements. To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured 11C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP). The 11C-photoassimilate transport speed did not change over the two developmental stages. However, within a stem, transport speeds were reduced across nodes, likely due to higher 11C-photoassimilate unloading in the nodes. Photosynthesis in leaves and the amount of 11C that was exported to the rest of the plant decreased as plants matured. In young plants, exported 11C was allocated mostly (88 %) to the roots and stem, but in flowering plants (70 DAP) the majority of the exported 11C (64 %) was allocated to the apex. Our results show that commercial PET scanners can be used reliably to measure whole-plant C-allocation in large plants nondestructively including, importantly, allocation to roots in soil. This capability revealed extreme changes in

  9. 41 CFR 302-10.300 - May I receive an advance of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false May I receive an advance of funds when a commercial carrier transports the mobile home? 302-10.300 Section 302-10.300 Public... Advance of Funds § 302-10.300 May I receive an advance of funds when a commercial carrier transports...

  10. Funding, Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altman, Micah

    2009-01-01

    I show herein how to develop fundable proposals to support your research. Although the proposal strategy I discuss is commonly used in successful proposals, most junior faculty (and many senior scholars) in political science and other social sciences seem to be unaware of it. I dispel myths about funding, and discuss how to find funders and target…

  11. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... STORAGE OF PROPERTY 9-ALLOWANCES FOR TRANSPORTATION AND EMERGENCY STORAGE OF A PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of...

  12. Spending of HIV resources in Asia and Eastern Europe: systematic review reveals the need to shift funding allocations towards priority populations

    PubMed Central

    Craig, Andrew P; Thein, Hla-Hla; Zhang, Lei; Gray, Richard T; Henderson, Klara; Wilson, David; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P

    2014-01-01

    Introduction It is increasingly important to prioritize the most cost-effective HIV interventions. We sought to summarize the evidence on which types of interventions provide the best value for money in regions with concentrated HIV epidemics. Methods We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature reporting measurements of cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit for HIV/AIDS interventions in Asia and Eastern Europe. We also collated HIV/AIDS spending assessment data from case-study countries in the region. Results We identified 91 studies for inclusion, 47 of which were from peer-reviewed journals. Generally, in concentrated settings, prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes and prevention programmes targeting people who inject drugs and sex workers had lower incremental cost-effectiveness ratios than programmes aimed at the general population. The few studies evaluating programmes targeting men who have sex with men indicate moderate cost-effectiveness. Collation of prevention programme spending data from 12 countries in the region (none of which had generalized epidemics) indicated that resources for the general population/non-targeted was greater than 30% for eight countries and greater than 50% for five countries. Conclusions There is a misalignment between national spending on HIV/AIDS responses and the most affected populations across the region. In concentrated epidemics, scarce funding should be directed more towards most-at-risk populations. Reaching consensus on general principles of cost-effectiveness of programmes by epidemic settings is difficult due to inconsistent evaluation approaches. Adopting a standard costing, impact evaluation, benefits calculation, analysis and reporting framework would enable cross comparisons and improve HIV resource prioritization and allocation. PMID:24572053

  13. Carbon allocation in ectomycorrhizas: identification and expression analysis of an Amanita muscaria monosaccharide transporter.

    PubMed

    Nehls, U; Wiese, J; Guttenberger, M; Hampp, R

    1998-03-01

    Ectomycorrhizas are formed between certain soil fungi and fine roots of predominantly woody plants. An important feature of this symbiosis is the supply of plant-derived carbohydrates to the fungus. As a first step toward a better understanding of the molecular basis of this process, we cloned a monosaccharide transporter from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Amanita muscaria. Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were designed to match conserved regions from known fungal sugar transporters. A cDNA fragment of the transporter was obtained from mycorrhizal mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. This fragment was used to identify a clone (AmMst1) encoding the entire monosaccharide transporter in a Picea abies/A. muscaria mycorrhizal cDNA library. The cDNA codes for an open reading frame of 520 amino acids, showing best homology to a Neurospora crassa monosaccharide transporter. The function of AmMST1 as monosaccharide transporter was confirmed by heterologous expression of the cDNA in a Schizosaccharomyces pombe mutant lacking a monosaccharide uptake system. AmMst1 was constitutively expressed in fungal hyphae under all growth conditions. Nevertheless, in mycorrhizas as well as in hyphae grown at monosaccharide concentrations above 5 mM, the amount of AmMst1 transcript increased fourfold. We therefore suggest that AmMst1 is upregulated in ectomycorrhizas by a monosaccharide-controlled mechanism.

  14. The impact of proposed changes in liver allocation policy on cold ischemia times and organ transportation costs.

    PubMed

    DuBay, D A; MacLennan, P A; Reed, R D; Fouad, M; Martin, M; Meeks, C B; Taylor, G; Kilgore, M L; Tankersley, M; Gray, S H; White, J A; Eckhoff, D E; Locke, J E

    2015-02-01

    Changes to the liver allocation system have been proposed to decrease regional variation in access to liver transplant. It is unclear what impact these changes will have on cold ischemia times (CITs) and donor transportation costs. Therefore, we performed a retrospective single center study (2008-2012) measuring liver procurement CIT and transportation costs. Four groups were defined: Local-within driving distance (Local-D, n = 262), Local-flight (Local-F, n = 105), Regional-flight <3 h (Regional <3 h, n = 61) and Regional-Flight >3 h (Regional >3 h, n = 53). The median travel distance increased in each group, varying from zero miles (Local-D), 196 miles (Local-F), 384 miles (Regional <3 h), to 1647 miles (Regional >3 h). Increasing travel distances did not significantly increase CIT until the flight time was >3 h. The average CIT ranged from 5.0 to 6.0 h for Local-D, Local-F and Regional <3 h, but increased to 10 h for Regional >3 h (p < 0.0001). Transportation costs increased with greater distance traveled: Local-D $101, Local-F $1993, Regional <3 h $8324 and Regional >3 h $27 810 (p < 0.0001). With proposed redistricting, local financial modeling suggests that the average liver donor procurement transportation variable direct costs will increase from $2415 to $7547/liver donor, an increase of 313%. These findings suggest that further discussion among transplant centers and insurance providers is needed prior to policy implementation.

  15. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's...

  16. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life... § 170.942 Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work... IRR Program funds: (1) To coordinate transportation-related activities to help provide access to...

  17. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section 33.54 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation TRANSPORTATION PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATION SYSTEM Allocation Actions § 33.54 Elements of an allocation order. Each allocation order must include:...

  18. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section 33.54 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation TRANSPORTATION PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATION SYSTEM Allocation Actions § 33.54 Elements of an allocation order. Each allocation order must include:...

  19. 49 CFR 33.54 - Elements of an allocation order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Elements of an allocation order. 33.54 Section 33.54 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation TRANSPORTATION PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATION SYSTEM Allocation Actions § 33.54 Elements of an allocation order. Each allocation order must include:...

  20. 78 FR 41195 - Fund Availability Under the Grants for Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ..., Chief Business Office (10NB2G), 2957 Clairmont Road, Atlanta, GA 30329; (404) 828-5380 (this is not a... grants will be funded in fiscal year 2014; renewal grants may be funded beginning in fiscal year 2015... like to renew in fiscal year 2015. H. Application Selection Methodology: VA will review and score...

  1. Whose Standards? Using the Standards Fund for Children with Speech and Language Needs--A Survey of Allocation of Resources in England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, James; Luscombe, Maria; Roux, Judy

    2002-01-01

    A study involving 201 managers of speech and language therapy (SLT) services in England examined the use of Standards Fund money for SLT. Results indicate limited improvement in funding for SLT, however, the sum reaching SLT is 2.4 million pounds, which represents one-quarter of the target figure of 10 million. (Contains 9 references.) (Author/CR)

  2. 25 CFR 170.932 - Are there other funding sources for tribal transportation departments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Miscellaneous Provisions Tribal Transportation Departments § 170... license fees; (d) Tribal fuel tax; (e) Federal, State, private, and local transportation grants...

  3. An Analysis and Allocation System for Library Collections Budgets: The Comprehensive Allocation Process (CAP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Lucy Eleonore; Blosser, John

    2012-01-01

    The "Comprehensive Allocation Process" (CAP) is a reproducible decision-making structure for the allocation of new collections funds, for the reallocation of funds within stagnant budgets, and for budget cuts in the face of reduced funding levels. This system was designed to overcome common shortcomings of current methods. Its philosophical…

  4. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula allocation for FO, CL... program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula allocation = (amount available...

  5. 41 CFR 302-9.11 - May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my POV? 302-9.11 Section 302-9.11 Public... General Rules § 302-9.11 May I receive an advance of funds for transportation and emergency storage of my... storage of your POV. Effective Date Note: By FTR Amdt. 2011-01, 76 FR 18342, Apr. 1, 2011, § 302-9.11...

  6. 5 CFR 734.503 - Allocation and reimbursement of costs associated with political activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... funds for a sound system rented for a single event. Example 3: If on a mixed trip a Government employee... proper amount of allocation must be based on the facts and circumstances involved. (6) In the event that...: The President is transported by special motorcade to and from the site of the political event....

  7. 5 CFR 734.503 - Allocation and reimbursement of costs associated with political activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... funds for a sound system rented for a single event. Example 3: If on a mixed trip a Government employee... proper amount of allocation must be based on the facts and circumstances involved. (6) In the event that...: The President is transported by special motorcade to and from the site of the political event....

  8. 5 CFR 734.503 - Allocation and reimbursement of costs associated with political activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... funds for a sound system rented for a single event. Example 3: If on a mixed trip a Government employee... proper amount of allocation must be based on the facts and circumstances involved. (6) In the event that...: The President is transported by special motorcade to and from the site of the political event....

  9. 5 CFR 734.503 - Allocation and reimbursement of costs associated with political activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... funds for a sound system rented for a single event. Example 3: If on a mixed trip a Government employee... proper amount of allocation must be based on the facts and circumstances involved. (6) In the event that...: The President is transported by special motorcade to and from the site of the political event....

  10. 75 FR 3517 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ...The Department of Transportation (DOT), Office of the Secretary (OST), Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU) announces the opportunity for; (1) Business centered community- based organizations; (2) transportation-related trade associations; (3) colleges and universities; (4) community colleges or; (5) chambers of commerce, registered with the Internal Revenue Service......

  11. 75 FR 21695 - Interim Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ..., more transportation options, lower transportation costs, and a cleaner environment. DOT and HUD believe... Information on Cost Benefit Analysis Appendix B: Additional Information on Applying Through Grants.gov I... II Discretionary Grants may be used for up to 80 percent of the costs of a project, but priority...

  12. 77 FR 4863 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ...: Fostering livable communities through policies and investments that increase transportation choices and... transportation facilities or systems in a state of good repair, (ii) whether an important aim of the project is... be presented in monetary terms whenever possible; if a monetary estimate is not possible, then...

  13. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  14. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  15. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  16. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  17. 45 CFR 98.55 - Cost allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost allocation. 98.55 Section 98.55 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Use of Child Care and Development Funds § 98.55 Cost allocation. (a) The Lead Agency and...

  18. 78 FR 26684 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-07

    ... training programs, business assessment, management training, counseling, marketing and outreach, and the... ability to, establish working relationships with the state and local transportation agencies and technical... and State DOT highway supportive services contractors in their region. Utilizing these...

  19. America's top model. As the health information exchange market heats up--with vendors jockeying for position and funds being allocated--one state is paving the way.

    PubMed

    Gamble, Kate Huvane

    2010-07-01

    As states move forward in establishing health information exchanges (HIEs), many are looking to New York State for guidance. New York, which got an early start in building a data exchange program, has been successful in securing private investments to supplement its public funds. It has also established a credible infrastructure, governance and policy framework for a statewide HIE network. However, significant hurdles to successful HIE implementation remain. One industry report cautions that policy, security, patient consent, lack of data standards and physician acceptance still need to be addressed.

  20. Simulating smoke transport from wildland fires with a regional-scale air quality model: sensitivity to spatiotemporal allocation of fire emissions.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Menendez, Fernando; Hu, Yongtao; Odman, Mehmet T

    2014-09-15

    Air quality forecasts generated with chemical transport models can provide valuable information about the potential impacts of fires on pollutant levels. However, significant uncertainties are associated with fire-related emission estimates as well as their distribution on gridded modeling domains. In this study, we explore the sensitivity of fine particulate matter concentrations predicted by a regional-scale air quality model to the spatial and temporal allocation of fire emissions. The assessment was completed by simulating a fire-related smoke episode in which air quality throughout the Atlanta metropolitan area was affected on February 28, 2007. Sensitivity analyses were carried out to evaluate the significance of emission distribution among the model's vertical layers, along the horizontal plane, and into hourly inputs. Predicted PM2.5 concentrations were highly sensitive to emission injection altitude relative to planetary boundary layer height. Simulations were also responsive to the horizontal allocation of fire emissions and their distribution into single or multiple grid cells. Additionally, modeled concentrations were greatly sensitive to the temporal distribution of fire-related emissions. The analyses demonstrate that, in addition to adequate estimates of emitted mass, successfully modeling the impacts of fires on air quality depends on an accurate spatiotemporal allocation of emissions.

  1. 75 FR 30460 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Transportation's National Infrastructure...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ... evaluation process. The following types of long-term outcomes will be given priority: (i) State of Good... livable communities through place-based policies and investments that increase transportation choices and... benefits should be presented in monetary terms whenever possible; if a monetary estimate is not...

  2. 78 FR 41817 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... opportunity for; (1) Business centered community- based organizations; (2) transportation-related trade... with the Internal Revenue Service as 501c(6) or 501c(3) tax-exempt organizations, to compete for.... OSDBU will enter into Cooperative Agreements with these organizations to provide outreach to the...

  3. 78 FR 4973 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ..., management training, counseling, marketing and outreach, and the dissemination of information, to encourage.... Introduction 1.1 Background 1.2 Program Description and Goals 1.3 Description of Competition 1.4 Duration of...--Appendix A Full Text of Announcement 1. Introduction 1.1 Background The Department of Transportation...

  4. 76 FR 30990 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-27

    ... & Girls Internship Program in their geographical region. The SBTRC shall design and establish an internship program within the overall parameters of the program defined by USDOT/OSDBU. The program must be... the internship program to all colleges and universities and transportation entities in their...

  5. 77 FR 42790 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Small Business Transportation Resource Center Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... centered community-based organizations, transportation-related trade associations, colleges and universities, community colleges, or chambers of commerce registered with the Internal Revenue Service as 501C.... SBTRCs must already have, or demonstrate the ability to, establish working relationships with the...

  6. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761... Farm Loan Programs Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula... funds for a loan program that the National Office allocates to a State Office. formula...

  7. Recurrent Grants for 2000-01: Final Allocations. Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

    This document shows the final allocations of recurrent funding to institutions of higher education in England for the academic year 2000-2001. This report updates allocations because of additional student numbers, increased allocations for specific programs, student transfers, and an overall increase in funding. The total grants awarded for…

  8. Influence of nutrient signals and carbon allocation on the expression of phosphate and nitrogen transporter genes in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    PubMed Central

    Tian, Hui; Yuan, Xiaolei; Duan, Jianfeng; Li, Wenhu; Zhai, Bingnian; Gao, Yajun

    2017-01-01

    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of plant roots causes the down-regulation of expression of phosphate (Pi) or nitrogen (N) transporter genes involved in direct nutrient uptake pathways. The mechanism of this effect remains unknown. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the expression of Pi or N transporter genes in roots of winter wheat colonized by AM fungus responded to (1) Pi or N nutrient signals transferred from the AM extra-radical hyphae, or (2) carbon allocation changes in the AM association. A three-compartment culture system, comprising a root compartment (RC), a root and AM hyphae compartment (RHC), and an AM hyphae compartment (HC), was used to test whether the expression of Pi or N transporter genes responded to nutrients (Pi, NH4+ and NO3-) added only to the HC. Different AM inoculation density treatments (roots were inoculated with 0, 20, 50 and 200 g AM inoculum) and light regime treatments (6 hours light and 18 hours light) were established to test the effects of carbon allocation on the expression of Pi or N transporter genes in wheat roots. The expression of two Pi transporter genes (TaPT4 and TaPHT1.2), five nitrate transporter genes (TaNRT1.1, TaNRT1.2, TaNRT2.1, TaNRT2.2, and TaNRT2.3), and an ammonium transporter gene (TaAMT1.2) was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of TaPT4, TaNRT2.2, and TaAMT1.2 was down-regulated by AM colonization only when roots of host plants received Pi or N nutrient signals. However, the expression of TaPHT1.2, TaNRT2.1, and TaNRT2.3 was down-regulated by AM colonization, regardless of whether there was nutrient transfer from AM hyphae. The expression of TaNRT1.2 was also down-regulated by AM colonization even when there was no nutrient transfer from AM hyphae. The present study showed that an increase in carbon consumption by the AM fungi did not necessarily result in greater down-regulation of expression of Pi or N transporter genes. PMID:28207830

  9. Influence of nutrient signals and carbon allocation on the expression of phosphate and nitrogen transporter genes in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

    PubMed

    Tian, Hui; Yuan, Xiaolei; Duan, Jianfeng; Li, Wenhu; Zhai, Bingnian; Gao, Yajun

    2017-01-01

    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of plant roots causes the down-regulation of expression of phosphate (Pi) or nitrogen (N) transporter genes involved in direct nutrient uptake pathways. The mechanism of this effect remains unknown. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the expression of Pi or N transporter genes in roots of winter wheat colonized by AM fungus responded to (1) Pi or N nutrient signals transferred from the AM extra-radical hyphae, or (2) carbon allocation changes in the AM association. A three-compartment culture system, comprising a root compartment (RC), a root and AM hyphae compartment (RHC), and an AM hyphae compartment (HC), was used to test whether the expression of Pi or N transporter genes responded to nutrients (Pi, NH4+ and NO3-) added only to the HC. Different AM inoculation density treatments (roots were inoculated with 0, 20, 50 and 200 g AM inoculum) and light regime treatments (6 hours light and 18 hours light) were established to test the effects of carbon allocation on the expression of Pi or N transporter genes in wheat roots. The expression of two Pi transporter genes (TaPT4 and TaPHT1.2), five nitrate transporter genes (TaNRT1.1, TaNRT1.2, TaNRT2.1, TaNRT2.2, and TaNRT2.3), and an ammonium transporter gene (TaAMT1.2) was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of TaPT4, TaNRT2.2, and TaAMT1.2 was down-regulated by AM colonization only when roots of host plants received Pi or N nutrient signals. However, the expression of TaPHT1.2, TaNRT2.1, and TaNRT2.3 was down-regulated by AM colonization, regardless of whether there was nutrient transfer from AM hyphae. The expression of TaNRT1.2 was also down-regulated by AM colonization even when there was no nutrient transfer from AM hyphae. The present study showed that an increase in carbon consumption by the AM fungi did not necessarily result in greater down-regulation of expression of Pi or N transporter genes.

  10. 75 FR 18016 - Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the CY 2010 Allocation Round...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting...: Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the CY 2010 Allocation Round of the... page, investor letters and organizational charts) in electronic form (see Section IV.D. of this...

  11. Sublethal exposure to azamethiphos causes neurotoxicity, altered energy allocation and high mortality during simulated live transport in American lobster.

    PubMed

    Couillard, C M; Burridge, L E

    2015-05-01

    In the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, sea lice outbreaks in caged salmon are treated with pesticides including Salmosan(®), applied as bath treatments and then released into the surrounding seawater. The effect of chronic exposure to low concentrations of this pesticide on neighboring lobster populations is a concern. Adult male lobsters were exposed to 61 ngL(-1) of azamethiphos (a.i. in Salmosan(®) formulation) continuously for 10 days. In addition to the direct effects of pesticide exposure, effects on the ability to cope with shipping conditions and the persistence of the effects after a 24h depuration period in clean seawater were assessed. Indicators of stress and hypoxia (serum total proteins, hemocyanin and lactate), oxidative damage (protein carbonyls in gills and serum) and altered energy allocation (hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indices, hepatopancreas lipids) were assessed in addition to neurotoxicity (chlolinesterase activity in muscle). Directly after exposure, azamethiphos-treated lobsters had inhibition of muscle cholinesterase, reduced gonadosomatic index and enhanced hepatosomatic index and hepatopancreas lipid content. All these responses persisted after 24-h depuration, increasing the risk of cumulative impacts with further exposure to chemical or non-chemical stressors. In both control and treated lobsters exposed to simulated shipment conditions, concentrations of protein and lactate in serum, and protein carbonyls in gills increased. However, mortality rate was higher in azamethiphos-treated lobsters (33 ± 14%) than in controls (2.6 ± 4%). Shipment and azamethiphos had cumulative impacts on serum proteins. Both direct effects on neurological function and energy allocation and indirect effect on ability to cope with shipping stress could have significant impacts on lobster population and/or fisheries.

  12. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a)(1) For the... local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of WIA adult funds...

  13. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a)(1) For the... local area allocations of WIA youth funds under § 667.130(c) and to allocations of WIA adult funds...

  14. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  15. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  16. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  17. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  18. 49 CFR 93.1 - Issuance of aircraft allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Issuance of aircraft allocations. 93.1 Section 93.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AIRCRAFT ALLOCATION § 93.1 Issuance of aircraft allocations. From time to time, the Director, Office of Emergency Transportation, issues...

  19. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  20. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  1. 25 CFR 170.942 - Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Can a tribe use Federal funds for transportation services for a tribe's Welfare-to-Work, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life..., Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, and other quality-of-life improvement programs? (a) A tribe can...

  2. CDC Allocates $184 Million for Zika Protection

    MedlinePlus

    ... fullstory_162694.html CDC Allocates $184 Million for Zika Protection Funds are earmarked for states, territories, local ... million has been earmarked to protect Americans against Zika virus infection, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control ...

  3. 7 CFR 1291.9 - Unobligated funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unobligated funds. 1291.9 Section 1291.9 Agriculture...-FARM BILL § 1291.9 Unobligated funds. (a) States who do not apply for or do not request all available... funding not requested for that application year. (b) Funds not obligated will be allocated, by a date...

  4. 45 CFR 152.35 - Insufficient funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insufficient funds. 152.35 Section 152.35 Public... CONDITION INSURANCE PLAN PROGRAM Funding § 152.35 Insufficient funds. (a) Adjustments by a PCIP to eliminate... data, that its allocated funds are insufficient to cover projected PCIP expenses, the PCIP shall...

  5. 28 CFR 65.10 - Fund availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fund availability. 65.10 Section 65.10... Allocation of Funds and Other Assistance § 65.10 Fund availability. For the previous fiscal year (FY '85... of the emergency presented; but, in any event, no fund award may exceed the amount...

  6. The Discipline of Asset Allocation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petzel, Todd E.

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of asset allocation for college/university endowment funds focuses on three levels of risk: (1) the absolute risk of the portfolio (usually leading to asset diversification); (2) the benchmark risk (usually comparison with peer institutions; and (3) personal career risk (which may incline managers toward maximizing short-term returns,…

  7. Administrators' Decisions about Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, William E.; Folkins, John W.; Hakel, Milton D.; Kennell, Richard P.

    2011-01-01

    Do academic administrators make decisions about resource allocation differently depending on the discipline receiving the funding? Does an administrator's academic identity influence these decisions? This study explored those questions with a sample of 1,690 academic administrators at doctoral-research universities. Participants used fictional…

  8. 24 CFR 92.50 - Formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Congress appropriates less than $1.5 billion of HOME funds, $335,000 is substituted for $500,000. (4) The... Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula § 92.50 Formula allocation. (a... factors. The first and sixth factors are weighted 0.1; the other four factors are weighted 0.2....

  9. Tissue specific transcript profiling of wheat phosphate transporter genes and its association with phosphate allocation in grains

    PubMed Central

    Shukla, Vishnu; Kaur, Mandeep; Aggarwal, Sipla; Bhati, Kaushal Kumar; Kaur, Jaspreet; Mantri, Shrikant; Pandey, Ajay K.

    2016-01-01

    Approaches enabling efficient phosphorus utilization in crops are of great importance. In cereal crop like wheat, utilization of inorganic phosphate (Pi) is high and mature grains are the major sink for Pi utilization and storage. Research that addresses the importance of the Pi homeostasis in developing grains is limited. In an attempt to understand the Pi homeostasis in developing wheat grains, we identified twelve new phosphate transporters (PHT), these are phyologentically well distributed along with the members reported from Arabidopsis and rice. Enhanced expression of PHT1-subfamily genes was observed in roots subjected to the Pi starvation suggesting their active role in Pi homeostasis. Differential expression patterns of all the PHT genes during grain filling stages suggested their importance in the filial tissues. Additionally, high accumulation of Pi and total P in aleurone correlates well with the expression of TaPHTs and other phosphate starvation related genes. Tissue specific transcript accumulation of TaPHT1.1, TaPHT1.2, TaPHT1.4 in aleurone; TaPHT3.1 in embryo and TaPHT4.2 in the endosperm was observed. Furthermore, their transcript abundance was affected in low phytate wheat grains. Altogether, this study helps in expanding the knowledge and prioritize the candidate wheat Pi-transporters to modulate the Pi homeostasis in cereal grains. PMID:27995999

  10. 7 CFR 761.205 - Computing the formula allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computing the formula allocation. 761.205 Section 761.205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY... Funds to State Offices § 761.205 Computing the formula allocation. (a) The formula allocation for FO...

  11. 76 FR 32392 - Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting Applications for the CY 2011 Allocation Round...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ... Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Notice of Allocation Availability (NOAA) Inviting... (see Section IV.D. of this NOAA for more details). Applications must meet all eligibility and other requirements and deadlines, as applicable, set forth in this NOAA. Allocation applicants that are not...

  12. Title I Funding: Poor Children Benefit though Funding Per Poor Child Differs. Report to Congressional Addressees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    This study examined Title I funding allocations for school years 1999-2002 and actual allocations received by school districts, interviewing state Title I directors, surveying school district administrators nationwide, and interviewing representatives from relevant federal and national organizations. Title I funds were generally targeted based on…

  13. 41 CFR 302-7.105 - May an advance of funds be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... be authorized for transporting HHG and temporary storage? 302-7.105 Section 302-7.105 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE OF PROPERTY 7-TRANSPORTATION AND TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS, PROFESSIONAL BOOKS,...

  14. ABA and GA3 increase carbon allocation in different organs of grapevine plants by inducing accumulation of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, enhancement of phloem area and expression of sugar transporters.

    PubMed

    Murcia, Germán; Pontin, Mariela; Reinoso, Herminda; Baraldi, Rita; Bertazza, Gianpaolo; Gómez-Talquenca, Sebastián; Bottini, Rubén; Piccoli, Patricia N

    2016-03-01

    Grape quality for winemaking depends on sugar accumulation and metabolism in berries. Abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs) have been reported to control sugar allocation in economically important crops, although the mechanisms involved are still unknown. The present study tested if ABA and gibberellin A3 (GA3) enhance carbon allocation in fruits of grapevines by modifying phloem loading, phloem area and expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries. Pot-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec plants were sprayed with ABA and GA3 solutions. The amount of soluble sugars in leaves and berries related to photosynthesis were examined at three points of berry growth: pre-veraison, full veraison and post-veraison. Starch levels and amylase activity in leaves, gene expression of sugar transporters in leaves and berries and phloem anatomy were examined at full veraison. Accumulation of glucose and fructose in berries was hastened in ABA-treated plants at the stage of full veraison, which was correlated with enhancement of Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 2 (VvHT2) and Vitis vinifera HEXOSE TRANSPORTER 6 (VvHT6) gene expression, increases of phloem area and sucrose content in leaves. On the other hand, GA3 increased the quantity of photoassimilates delivered to the stem thus increasing xylem growth. In conclusion, stimulation of sugar transport by ABA and GA3 to berries and stems, respectively, was due to build-up of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves, modifications in phloem tissue and modulation in gene expression of sugar transporters.

  15. 28 CFR 33.20 - Fund availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fund availability. 33.20 Section 33.20 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal Justice Block Grants Allocation of Funds § 33.20 Fund availability. Section 407(a) of the Justice Assistance...

  16. Zinc allocation and re-allocation in rice

    PubMed Central

    Stomph, Tjeerd Jan; Jiang, Wen; Van Der Putten, Peter E. L.; Struik, Paul C.

    2014-01-01

    Aims: Agronomy and breeding actively search for options to enhance cereal grain Zn density. Quantifying internal (re-)allocation of Zn as affected by soil and crop management or genotype is crucial. We present experiments supporting the development of a conceptual model of whole plant Zn allocation and re-allocation in rice. Methods: Two solution culture experiments using 70Zn applications at different times during crop development and an experiment on within-grain distribution of Zn are reported. In addition, results from two earlier published experiments are re-analyzed and re-interpreted. Results: A budget analysis showed that plant zinc accumulation during grain filling was larger than zinc allocation to the grains. Isotope data showed that zinc taken up during grain filling was only partly transported directly to the grains and partly allocated to the leaves. Zinc taken up during grain filling and allocated to the leaves replaced zinc re-allocated from leaves to grains. Within the grains, no major transport barrier was observed between vascular tissue and endosperm. At low tissue Zn concentrations, rice plants maintained concentrations of about 20 mg Zn kg−1 dry matter in leaf blades and reproductive tissues, but let Zn concentrations in stems, sheath, and roots drop below this level. When plant zinc concentrations increased, Zn levels in leaf blades and reproductive tissues only showed a moderate increase while Zn levels in stems, roots, and sheaths increased much more and in that order. Conclusions: In rice, the major barrier to enhanced zinc allocation towards grains is between stem and reproductive tissues. Enhancing root to shoot transfer will not contribute proportionally to grain zinc enhancement. PMID:24478788

  17. Validation of Islet Transport From a Geographically Distant Isolation Center Enabling Equitable Access and National Health Service Funding of a Clinical Islet Transplant Program for England

    PubMed Central

    Aldibbiat, Ali; Huang, Guo Cai; Zhao, Min; Holliman, Graham N.; Ferguson, Linda; Hughes, Stephen; Brigham, Ken; Wardle, Julie; Williams, Rob; Dickinson, Anne; White, Steven A.; Johnson, Paul R. V.; Manas, Derek; Amiel, Stephanie A.; Shaw, James A. M.

    2012-01-01

    Islet transplantation has become established as a successful treatment for type 1 diabetes complicated by recurrent severe hypoglycemia. In the UK access has been limited to a few centrally located units. Our goal was to validate a quality-assured system for safe/effective transport of human islets in the UK and to successfully undertake the first transplants with transported islets. Pancreases were retrieved from deceased donors in the north of England and transported to King’s College London using two-layer method (TLM) or University of Wisconsin solution alone. Islets were isolated and transported back to Newcastle in standard blood transfusion or gas-permeable bags with detailed evaluation pre- and posttransport. In the preclinical phase, islets were isolated from 10 pancreases with mean yield of 258,000 islet equivalents. No significant differences were seen between TLM and University of Wisconsin solution organ preservation. A significant loss of integrity was demonstrated in islets shipped in gas-permeable bags, whereas sterility, number, purity, and viability were maintained in blood transfusion bags. Maintenance of secretory granules and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was confirmed following transport. A Standard Operating Procedure enabling final pretransplant quality control from a simple side-arm sample was validated. Moreover, levels of insulin and cytokines in transport medium were low, enabling transplant without centrifugation/resuspension at the recipient site. Six clinical transplants of transported islets were undertaken in five recipients with 100% primary graft function and resolution of severe hypoglycemia. Safe and clinically effective islet transport has been established facilitating sustainable NHS funding of a clinical islet transplant program for the UK. PMID:27004135

  18. Funding Research Software Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Momcheva, Ivelina G.

    2017-01-01

    Astronomical software is used by each and every member of our scientific community. Purpose-build software is becoming ever more critical as we enter the regime of large datasets and simulations of increasing complexity. However, financial investments in building, maintaining and renovating the software infrastructure have been uneven. In this talk I will summarize past and current funding sources for astronomical software development, discuss other models of funding and introduce a new initiative for supporting community software at STScI. The purpose of this talk is to prompt discussion about how we allocate resources to this vital infrastructure.

  19. 25 CFR Appendix A to Subpart G - List of Activities Eligible for Funding Under BIA Transportation Facility Maintenance Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Transportation Facility Maintenance Management System (TFMMS). 16. Performing pavement maintenance such as pot... Transportation Facility Maintenance Program A Appendix A to Subpart G Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance Pt....

  20. 77 FR 27277 - FTA Supplemental Fiscal Year 2012 Apportionments, Allocations, and Program Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... funds to bus testing and the Fuel Cell program. Tables displaying the funds available to eligible states... table below displays funds allocated to bus testing and the Fuel Cell program. FTA will issue a... Amount State Project ID Project description/name allocated CA, GA, MA E2012-BUSP-018 Fuel Cell...

  1. Collective credit allocation in science.

    PubMed

    Shen, Hua-Wei; Barabási, Albert-László

    2014-08-26

    Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors' contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability to accurately measure the relative credit of researchers could affect many aspects of credit allocation in science, potentially impacting hiring, funding, and promotion decisions.

  2. Collective credit allocation in science

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Hua-Wei; Barabási, Albert-László

    2014-01-01

    Collaboration among researchers is an essential component of the modern scientific enterprise, playing a particularly important role in multidisciplinary research. However, we continue to wrestle with allocating credit to the coauthors of publications with multiple authors, because the relative contribution of each author is difficult to determine. At the same time, the scientific community runs an informal field-dependent credit allocation process that assigns credit in a collective fashion to each work. Here we develop a credit allocation algorithm that captures the coauthors’ contribution to a publication as perceived by the scientific community, reproducing the informal collective credit allocation of science. We validate the method by identifying the authors of Nobel-winning papers that are credited for the discovery, independent of their positions in the author list. The method can also compare the relative impact of researchers working in the same field, even if they did not publish together. The ability to accurately measure the relative credit of researchers could affect many aspects of credit allocation in science, potentially impacting hiring, funding, and promotion decisions. PMID:25114238

  3. Dynamic Channel Allocation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    7 1 . Fixed Channel Allocation (FCA) ........................................................7 2. Dynamic Channel ...19 7. CSMA/CD-Based Multiple Network Lines .....................................20 8. Hybrid Channel Allocation in Wireless Networks...28 1 . Channel Allocation

  4. 50 CFR 80.64 - How does an agency allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.64 How does an agency allocate...

  5. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  6. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle Credit Program § 490.503 Credit allocation. (a) Based on annual credit activity report information,...

  7. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  8. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  9. 10 CFR 490.503 - Credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Credit allocation. 490.503 Section 490.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Alternative Fueled Vehicle... described in section 490.507 of this part, DOE shall allocate one credit for each alternative fueled...

  10. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  11. 23 CFR 1240.15 - Allocations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocations. 1240.15 Section 1240.15 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANTS FOR USE OF SEAT BELTS-ALLOCATIONS BASED ON SEAT BELT USE...

  12. Case Studies in Performance Funding. The Performance Funding Project, Tennessee Higher Education Commission.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bogue, E. Grady; Troutt, William E.

    Case studies of five Tennessee state colleges where pilot projects in performance funding were undertaken are presented. The Performance Funding Project of the Tennessee Higher Education Commission is designed to explore the feasibility of allocating some portion of state funds to institutions on a performance effectiveness criterion as compared…

  13. 49 CFR 350.321 - What are permissible uses of New Entrant Funds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... New Entrant Funds? (a) These funds may be used to conduct safety audits on New Entrant motor carriers under the New Entrant Safety Assurance Program. (b) New Entrant funds will be allocated, at...

  14. Funding announcements from federal government, Gates Foundation.

    PubMed

    Garmaise, David

    2007-05-01

    In two separate announcements, in December 2006 and February 2007, the federal government allocated new funding for HIV/AIDS. The latter announcement was accompanied by a pledge from the Gates Foundation.

  15. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  16. 20 CFR 1001.151 - Other funding criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other funding criteria. 1001.151 Section 1001... Agencies § 1001.151 Other funding criteria. (a) Up to four percent of the total amount available for... exigencies. (b) Funding for TAP workshops will be allocated on a per workshop basis. Funding to the...

  17. Federal AIDS funding tops $4 billion in FY 99.

    PubMed

    1998-12-01

    AIDS-related funding for fiscal year (FY) 1999 is up $800 million from FY 1998 levels. The increases are earmarked for treatment and prevention programs, Ryan White funding, AIDS research, and housing for people with HIV. The spending package also allocates more funding for substance abuse treatment and prevention programs. A chart details the breakdown of funding by category.

  18. 78 FR 72753 - Notice of Funds Availability for Grants for Transportation of Veterans in Highly Rural Areas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    ..., 2013, 4 p.m. eastern standard time. The NOFA includes eligibility and scoring criteria for grants to assist veterans in highly rural areas through innovative transportation services to travel to VA and non... provision of VA medical care. To allow applicants more time to complete the application process, VA...

  19. Dynamic Allocation of Sugars in Barley

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cumberbatch, L. C.; Crowell, A. S.; Fallin, B. A.; Howell, C. R.; Reid, C. D.; Weisenberger, A. G.; Lee, S. J.; McKisson, J. E.

    2014-03-01

    Allocation of carbon and nitrogen is a key factor for plant productivity. Measurements are carried out by tracing 11C-tagged sugars using positron emission tomography and coincidence counting. We study the mechanisms of carbon allocation and transport from carbohydrate sources (leaves) to sinks (stem, shoot, roots) under various environmental conditions such as soil nutrient levels and atmospheric CO2 concentration. The data are analyzed using a transfer function analysis technique to model transport and allocation in barley plants. The experimental technique will be described and preliminary results presented. This work was supported in part by USDOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97-ER41033 and DE-SC0005057.

  20. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether...

  1. 34 CFR 675.42 - Allocation and reallocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS Work-Colleges Program § 675.42 Allocation and... Federal funds for the Work-Colleges program as a percent of the total of such approved requests for...

  2. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  3. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  4. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... assigns weights to various performance factors reflecting program compliance, safety priorities,...

  5. 49 CFR 198.13 - Grant allocation formula.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Grant allocation formula. 198.13 Section 198.13... PIPELINE SAFETY PROGRAMS Grant Allocation § 198.13 Grant allocation formula. (a) Beginning in calendar year... assigns weights to various performance factors reflecting program compliance, safety priorities,...

  6. 10 CFR 490.703 - Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. 490.703 Section 490.703 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ALTERNATIVE FUEL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM Biodiesel Fuel Use Credit § 490.703 Biodiesel fuel use credit allocation. (a) DOE shall allocate to a fleet...

  7. DCB Funding

    Cancer.gov

    The Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) funds and supports extramural basic research that investigates the fundamental biology behind cancer. Find out more about DCB's grants process and funding opportunities.

  8. Funds Allocation and Expenditures under the Education Block Grant. A Special Issue Report from the National Study of Local Operations under Chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apling, Richard; Padilla, Christine L.

    This document presents the findings from one aspect of the National Study of Local Operations under Chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981. The report examines the distribution of funds to school districts under Chapter 2, the federal education block grant. The introductory chapter reviews findings from early studies…

  9. Funding Students, Not Units: Moving Alabama from a Regressive Public School Funding State to a Progressive Public School Funding State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkin, Brittany

    2016-01-01

    Two independent studies conducted by Baker, Sciarra, and Farrie (2015) and Augenblick, Palaich and Associates (2015) reveal Alabama's public school funding mechanism to be regressive and inequitable. The recommendation from both of these studies is to develop a funding formula including per pupil-based allocation and supplemental categorical…

  10. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1998 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report describes fiscal year 1998 grant allocations made under the Illinois Higher Education Cooperation Act (HECA) to support programs and projects involving cooperation among higher education institutions. A total of $16.59 million was allocated. Projects recommended for grant funds include 3 new and 12 continuing interinstitutional…

  11. 12 CFR 211.43 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable... INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) International Lending Supervision § 211.43 Allocated transfer... establish an allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by...

  12. 12 CFR 211.43 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable... INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) International Lending Supervision § 211.43 Allocated transfer... establish an allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by...

  13. 12 CFR 211.43 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable... INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) International Lending Supervision § 211.43 Allocated transfer... establish an allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by...

  14. 12 CFR 211.43 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable... INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) International Lending Supervision § 211.43 Allocated transfer... establish an allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by...

  15. 12 CFR 211.43 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable... INTERNATIONAL BANKING OPERATIONS (REGULATION K) International Lending Supervision § 211.43 Allocated transfer... establish an allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by...

  16. 11 CFR 9034.7 - Allocation of travel expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Allocation of travel expenditures. 9034.7...: PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.7 Allocation of travel expenditures. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of 11 CFR 106.3, expenditures for travel relating to the campaign of a...

  17. 11 CFR 9034.7 - Allocation of travel expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Allocation of travel expenditures. 9034.7...: PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.7 Allocation of travel expenditures. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of 11 CFR 106.3, expenditures for travel relating to the campaign of a...

  18. 11 CFR 9034.7 - Allocation of travel expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Allocation of travel expenditures. 9034.7...: PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.7 Allocation of travel expenditures. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of 11 CFR 106.3, expenditures for travel relating to the campaign of a...

  19. 11 CFR 9034.7 - Allocation of travel expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Allocation of travel expenditures. 9034.7...: PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY MATCHING FUND ENTITLEMENTS § 9034.7 Allocation of travel expenditures. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of 11 CFR 106.3, expenditures for travel relating to the campaign of a...

  20. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  1. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  2. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  3. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  4. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  5. Risk analytics for hedge funds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pareek, Ankur

    2005-05-01

    The rapid growth of the hedge fund industry presents significant business opportunity for the institutional investors particularly in the form of portfolio diversification. To facilitate this, there is a need to develop a new set of risk analytics for investments consisting of hedge funds, with the ultimate aim to create transparency in risk measurement without compromising the proprietary investment strategies of hedge funds. As well documented in the literature, use of dynamic options like strategies by most of the hedge funds make their returns highly non-normal with fat tails and high kurtosis, thus rendering Value at Risk (VaR) and other mean-variance analysis methods unsuitable for hedge fund risk quantification. This paper looks at some unique concerns for hedge fund risk management and will particularly concentrate on two approaches from physical world to model the non-linearities and dynamic correlations in hedge fund portfolio returns: Self Organizing Criticality (SOC) and Random Matrix Theory (RMT).Random Matrix Theory analyzes correlation matrix between different hedge fund styles and filters random noise from genuine correlations arising from interactions within the system. As seen in the results of portfolio risk analysis, it leads to a better portfolio risk forecastability and thus to optimum allocation of resources to different hedge fund styles. The results also prove the efficacy of self-organized criticality and implied portfolio correlation as a tool for risk management and style selection for portfolios of hedge funds, being particularly effective during non-linear market crashes.

  6. Funding emergency care: Australian style.

    PubMed

    Bell, Anthony; Crilly, Julia; Williams, Ged; Wylie, Kate; Toloo, Ghasem Sam; Burke, John; FitzGerald, Gerry

    2014-08-01

    The ongoing challenge for ED leaders is to remain abreast of system-wide changes that impact on the day-to-day management of their departments. Changes to the funding model creates another layer of complexity and this introductory paper serves as the beginning of a discussion about the way in which EDs are funded and how this can and will impact on business decisions, models of care and resource allocation within Australian EDs. Furthermore it is evident that any funding model today will mature and change with time, and moves are afoot to refine and contextualise ED funding over the medium term. This perspective seeks to provide a basis of understanding for our current and future funding arrangements in Australian EDs.

  7. 50 CFR 80.61 - What requirements apply to funds for the Recreational Boating Access subprogram?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.61 What requirements apply to funds... agency must allocate funds from each annual apportionment under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  8. 50 CFR 80.61 - What requirements apply to funds for the Recreational Boating Access subprogram?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.61 What requirements apply to funds... agency must allocate funds from each annual apportionment under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  9. 50 CFR 80.61 - What requirements apply to funds for the Recreational Boating Access subprogram?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.61 What requirements apply to funds... agency must allocate funds from each annual apportionment under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  10. 50 CFR 80.61 - What requirements apply to funds for the Recreational Boating Access subprogram?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.61 What requirements apply to funds... agency must allocate funds from each annual apportionment under the Dingell-Johnson Sport...

  11. Carbon allocation and accumulation in conifers

    SciTech Connect

    Gower, S.T.; Isebrands, J.G.; Sheriff, D.W.

    1995-07-01

    Forests cover approximately 33% of the land surface of the earth, yet they are responsible for 65% of the annual carbon (C) accumulated by all terrestrial biomes. In general, total C content and net primary production rates are greater for forests than for other biomes, but C budgets differ greatly among forests. Despite several decades of research on forest C budgets, there is still an incomplete understanding of the factors controlling C allocation. Yet, if we are to understand how changing global events such as land use, climate change, atmospheric N deposition, ozone, and elevated atmospheric CO{sub 2} affect the global C budget, a mechanistic understanding of C assimilation, partitioning, and allocation is necessary. The objective of this chapter is to review the major factors that influence C allocation and accumulation in conifer trees and forests. In keeping with the theme of this book, we will focus primarily on evergreen conifers. However, even among evergreen conifers, leaf, canopy, and stand-level C and nutrient allocation patterns differ, often as a function of leaf development and longevity. The terminology related to C allocation literature is often inconsistent, confusing and inadequate for understanding and integrating past and current research. For example, terms often used synonymously to describe C flow or movement include translocation, transport, distribution, allocation, partitioning, apportionment, and biomass allocation. A common terminology is needed because different terms have different meanings to readers. In this paper we use C allocation, partitioning, and accumulation according to the definitions of Dickson and Isebrands (1993). Partitioning is the process of C flow into and among different chemical, storage, and transport pools. Allocation is the distribution of C to different plant parts within the plant (i.e., source to sink). Accumulation is the end product of the process of C allocation.

  12. 25 CFR 1000.102 - How are savings that result from downsizing allocated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How are savings that result from downsizing allocated... Amounts § 1000.102 How are savings that result from downsizing allocated? Funds that are saved as a result of downsizing in BIA are allocated to Tribes/Consortia in the same manner as Tribal shares...

  13. 23 CFR 650.413 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.413 Funding. (a) Funds authorized for carrying out the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program are available...

  14. 23 CFR 650.413 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.413 Funding. (a) Funds authorized for carrying out the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program are available...

  15. 23 CFR 650.413 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.413 Funding. (a) Funds authorized for carrying out the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program are available...

  16. 23 CFR 650.413 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.413 Funding. (a) Funds authorized for carrying out the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program are available...

  17. 23 CFR 650.413 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program § 650.413 Funding. (a) Funds authorized for carrying out the Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program are available...

  18. Missing Funds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenpflug, Ann

    2012-01-01

    A high school drama coach informs assistant principal Laura Madison that the money students earned through fund-raising activities seems to have vanished and that the male assistant principal may be involved in the disappearance of the funds. Laura has to determine how to address this situation. She considers her past experiences with problematic…

  19. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  20. 24 CFR 891.115 - Notice of funding availability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Notice of funding availability. 891... General Program Requirements § 891.115 Notice of funding availability. Following an allocation of authority under § 891.110, HUD shall publish a separate Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for...

  1. Funding and Financing Vocational Education and Training. Research Readings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Katrina, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book of readings combines the results of a body of research on the funding and financing of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia. Funding arrangements, or how money is distributed, are described in the first section of this book and includes chapters on allocation of funding by state training authorities, the effects of market…

  2. Essays in the Political Economy of Higher Education Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton, Benjamin Hasty

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation addresses the consequences of political influence on state higher education funding at the committee level. The State of South Carolina has a long history of using a formula to determine the appropriate amount of funding that is to be allocated to its colleges and universities. I use the funding level implied by the South…

  3. 49 CFR 266.13 - Distribution of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Distribution of funds. 266.13 Section 266.13 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION... TRANSPORTATION ACT § 266.13 Distribution of funds. (a) Formula. Funds appropriated for or reallocated in...

  4. Boston University: Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Emily

    2011-01-01

    Boston University's (BU) Sustainability Revolving Loan Fund was created in 2008 through an allocation of $1 million from the university's administrative budget. The fund is administered by the Vice President of Operations. Potential projects are identified by the university's Director of Energy Administration and Operations along with the…

  5. Challenges Faced in Carrying Out Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund Activities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-26

    reconstruction activities in Iraq, and allocated the funds to specific sectors of Iraqi infrastructure and governance. The allocations were based on project...Appropriations Report 108-312, dated October 14, 2003. 2 Funding by Sector. Congress allocated the funds based in part on a request developed by...original planning was based on the 2003 environment and thus assumed a much more permissive security environment; that is construction activities could

  6. Resource allocation for efficient environmental management.

    PubMed

    McCarthy, Michael A; Thompson, Colin J; Hauser, Cindy; Burgman, Mark A; Possingham, Hugh P; Moir, Melinda L; Tiensin, Thanawat; Gilbert, Marius

    2010-10-01

    Environmental managers must decide how to invest available resources. Researchers have previously determined how to allocate conservation resources among regions, design nature reserves, allocate funding to species conservation programs, design biodiversity surveys and monitoring programs, manage species and invest in greenhouse gas mitigation schemes. However, these issues have not been addressed with a unified theory. Furthermore, uncertainty is prevalent in environmental management, and needs to be considered to manage risks. We present a theory for optimal environmental management, synthesizing previous approaches to the topic and incorporating uncertainty. We show that the theory solves a diverse range of important problems of resource allocation, including distributing conservation resources among the world's biodiversity hotspots; surveillance to detect the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus in Thailand; and choosing survey methods for the insect order Hemiptera. Environmental management decisions are similar to decisions about financial investments, with trade-offs between risk and reward.

  7. Research Funding: the Case for a Modified Lottery

    PubMed Central

    Casadevall, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT The time-honored mechanism of allocating funds based on ranking of proposals by scientific peer review is no longer effective, because review panels cannot accurately stratify proposals to identify the most meritorious ones. Bias has a major influence on funding decisions, and the impact of reviewer bias is magnified by low funding paylines. Despite more than a decade of funding crisis, there has been no fundamental reform in the mechanism for funding research. This essay explores the idea of awarding research funds on the basis of a modified lottery in which peer review is used to identify the most meritorious proposals, from which funded applications are selected by lottery. We suggest that a modified lottery for research fund allocation would have many advantages over the current system, including reducing bias and improving grantee diversity with regard to seniority, race, and gender. PMID:27073093

  8. Channel Allocation Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Robert S.

    The Frequency Allocation Subcommittee of the Coordinating Committee for Cable Communication Systems, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, was formed to produce a background report on the general problems of frequency allocation and assignments in cable television. The present paper, based on the subcommittee's interim report,…

  9. 49 CFR 110.50 - Disbursement of Federal funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND OIL TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS... on the basis of needs, performance and availability of funds. An existing grant is not a...

  10. A Guide to Cost Allocation Procedures: Implementing Strategies for Universal Pre-Kindergarten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell-Browne, Acquenetta; Lederman, Nancy

    This guide is intended to assist community-based providers in New York City who intend to blend universal pre-kindergarten funds with public child care funds, Head Start, preschool special education, or other funds to provide full or extended day early education programs for children. The guide provides information on how to allocate a programs…

  11. TRANSPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presentation outline: transport principles, effective solubility; gasoline composition; and field examples (plume diving).
    Presentation conclusions: MTBE transport follows from - phyiscal and chemical properties and hydrology. Field examples show: MTBE plumes > benzene plu...

  12. 24 CFR 2700.410 - Transmittal of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... authority allocation that HUD has given the servicer pursuant to § 2700.10(c). (b) When the investor is the servicer, the transmittal of funds under this section shall be conditioned upon the investor's...

  13. 24 CFR 2700.410 - Transmittal of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... authority allocation that HUD has given the servicer pursuant to § 2700.10(c). (b) When the investor is the servicer, the transmittal of funds under this section shall be conditioned upon the investor's...

  14. 45 CFR 1080.6 - Funding of alternative organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... COMMUNITY SERVICES HOMELESS GRANT PROGRAM § 1080.6 Funding of alternative organizations. (a) If a State does... Homeless Grant Program, the Secretary shall use the amounts that would have been allocated to that State...

  15. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  16. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  17. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Funding of operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Funding of operations. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Funding of Operations Sec. 4 Funding of operations....

  18. Healthcare resource allocation decisions affecting uninsured services

    PubMed Central

    Harrison, Krista Lyn; Taylor, Holly A.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Using the example of community access programs (CAPs), the purpose of this paper is to describe resource allocation and policy decisions related to providing health services for the uninsured in the USA and the organizational values affecting these decisions. Design/methodology/approach The study used comparative case study methodology at two geographically diverse sites. Researchers collected data from program documents, meeting observations, and interviews with program stakeholders. Findings Five resource allocation or policy decisions relevant to providing healthcare services were described at each site across three categories: designing the health plan, reacting to funding changes, and revising policies. Organizational values of access to care and stewardship most frequently affected resource allocation and policy decisions, while economic and political pressures affect the relative prioritization of values. Research limitations/implications Small sample size, the potential for social desirability or recall bias, and the exclusion of provider, member or community perspectives beyond those represented among participating board members. Practical implications Program directors or researchers can use this study to assess the extent to which resource allocation and policy decisions align with organizational values and mission statements. Social implications The description of how healthcare decisions are actually made can be matched with literature that describes how healthcare resource decisions ought to be made, in order to provide a normative grounding for future decisions. Originality/value This study addresses a gap in literature regarding how CAPs actually make resource allocation decisions that affect access to healthcare services. PMID:27934550

  19. Private Funding for Elementary and Secondary Public Education in British Columbia for 1983/84.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salloum, Kirk

    This study examines major issues in, and effective practices for, private funding for elementary and secondary public education in British Columbia. The sources and allocation of funds for school districts and schools were investigated, along with their funding practices. Using data on funds obtained from a representative sampling of 13 districts…

  20. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  1. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  2. 7 CFR 1429.109 - Availability of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ASPARAGUS REVENUE MARKET LOSS ASSISTANCE... Public Law 110-246. (b) Of the available funds, $7,500,000 are allocated for fresh market asparagus production and $7,500,000 are allocated to processed market asparagus. (c) CCC will prorate the...

  3. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  4. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  5. 20 CFR 667.135 - What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... adult and youth allocations? 667.135 Section 667.135 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... INVESTMENT ACT Funding § 667.135 What “hold harmless” provisions apply to WIA adult and youth allocations? (a... adult funds under § 667.130(d). (2) Effective at the end of the second full fiscal year after the...

  6. Performance-Based Funding of Higher Education: A Detailed Look at Best Practices in 6 States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miao, Kysie

    2012-01-01

    Performance-based funding is a system based on allocating a portion of a state's higher education budget according to specific performance measures such as course completion, credit attainment, and degree completion, instead of allocating funding based entirely on enrollment. It is a model that provides a fuller picture of how successfully…

  7. Performance-Based Funding as an Instrument of Competition in German Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orr, Dominic; Jaeger, Michael; Schwarzenberger, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    A central theme of approaches to new public management is the emulation of the market through state-induced competition. Basing state funding allocations on comparative performance is one way of setting an incentive for competitive practice amongst universities. Reforms in funding allocation have occurred in Germany at both state and university…

  8. Corporate Funding of Human Services Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zippay, Allison

    1992-01-01

    Conducted case study of philanthropic giving among 29 companies in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Found that most corporations used informal rather than formal process for making funding decisions, with many firms relying on tradition, social contacts, and intuition to guide allocations. Findings suggest ways that social services administrators can…

  9. 7 CFR 253.11 - Administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR HOUSEHOLDS ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 253.11 Administrative funds. (a) Allocation of...

  10. 7 CFR 253.11 - Administrative funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION ADMINISTRATION OF THE FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM FOR HOUSEHOLDS ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 253.11 Administrative funds. (a) Allocation of...

  11. 47 CFR 69.413 - Universal service fund expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Universal service fund expenses. 69.413 Section... (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Expenses § 69.413 Universal service fund expenses. Expenses allocated to the interstate jurisdiction pursuant to §§ 36.631 and 36.641 shall be assigned to the...

  12. 44 CFR 78.8 - Grant funding limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the funds available for Project Grants will be allocated to Technical Assistance grants each fiscal... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Grant funding limitations. 78.8 Section 78.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY,...

  13. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  14. Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie

    The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…

  15. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  16. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  17. 45 CFR 1080.7 - Funding of Indian tribes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... amount that bears the same ratio to all the funds allocated under this section as the tribe's poverty population bears to the total poverty population of all tribes funded under this section, except that no... section, an Indian tribe's poverty population shall be calculated by multiplying the tribe's...

  18. Fair Student Funding Summit: Conference Proceedings and Recommendations for Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2010

    2010-01-01

    On March 25-26, 2010, a cadre of urban education leaders gathered in Baltimore, Maryland for the "Fair Student Funding Summit," a conference that brought together districts that use weighted student funding (WSF) as an approach for allocating dollars to schools. Convened by Education Resource Strategies (ERS) and hosted by Baltimore City…

  19. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES... those tribes and villages that are determined to be eligible ninety (90) days before the beginning...

  20. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES... those tribes and villages that are determined to be eligible ninety (90) days before the beginning...

  1. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES... those tribes and villages that are determined to be eligible ninety (90) days before the beginning...

  2. 24 CFR 1003.101 - Area ONAP allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES... those tribes and villages that are determined to be eligible ninety (90) days before the beginning...

  3. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 1340.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION...

  4. 45 CFR 1340.11 - Allocation of funds available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 1340.11 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION...

  5. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  6. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  7. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  8. 28 CFR 90.16 - Availability and allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....16 Section 90.16 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN The STOP (Services ⢠Training ⢠Officers ⢠Prosecutors) Violence Against Women Formula Grant Program... need, States must consider the range and availability of existing domestic violence and sexual...

  9. The Relationship between Title I Funding Allocations and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Heather

    2011-01-01

    Title I legislation was enacted in 1965 under the Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged Act. The goal of Title I was to support disadvantaged students in achieving academic excellence and to close the achievement gap between disadvantaged students and students from high socioeconomic backgrounds. Despite billions of dollars, and…

  10. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  11. 24 CFR 570.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and the status of metropolitan areas and principal cities effective as of July 1 preceding such... population estimates for all general purpose governmental units and are available for processing by the... population of a unit of general local government reaching or exceeding 50,000 shall be recognized for...

  12. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the methodology... basic criteria, or the weights given the criteria. The transition formula first checks whether the... weight. See paragraph (b)(2) of this section. (i) The criteria used in the basic formula are: (A)...

  13. 7 CFR 1780.18 - Allocation of program funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... source and weight. Basic formulas are used to calculate a basic State factor as a part of the methodology... the most current and reliable information that adequately quantifies the criterion. The weight... basic criteria, or the weights given the criteria. The transition formula first checks whether...

  14. 20 CFR 632.171 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... households, whose income is at or below the poverty level, within the Native American grantee's geographic service area compared to the total number of members of Indians and Native American households in...

  15. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  16. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  17. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  18. 50 CFR 81.4 - Allocation of funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... commitments of the United States to protect endangered or threatened species; (b) The readiness of a State to... of endangered and threatened species within a State; (d) The potential for restoring endangered and... an endangered or threatened species in terms of survival of the species....

  19. Matching taxpayer funding to population health needs.

    PubMed

    Hanna, Michael

    2015-04-10

    In an era of economic recession and budget cutbacks,Americans may be curious to know how the government is distributing their taxes for medical research, relative to their health needs. Previous reports recommended that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) allocate funding proportional to the burden-of-illness from diseases and conditions. But the most recent publicly available data on burden-of-illness and NIH funding show that infectious diseases are still overfunded relative to their health burden on the American population, especially HIV/AIDS. By contrast, several lifestyle/environmental health conditions are still underfunded, including importantly: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, stroke, heart disease, depression, violence, and road injury. NIH's allocation of research funding is often disproportionate to the current health needs of the American people. Greater decision-making involvement of Congress and the public would be helpful, if Americans want their taxes spent fairly on the illnesses that actually burden their health.

  20. Can Using Rigorous Evidence to Guide Federal Education Funds Improve Student Achievement? Randomized Trials Show Encouraging Initial Results for DoED's Investing in Innovation Fund

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy, 2014

    2014-01-01

    An important recent development in evidence-based policy is the federal government's use of a "tiered evidence" approach to allocating funding in grant programs such as the U.S. Department of Education's Investing in Innovation Fund (i3). A central feature of this approach is that the largest grants are awarded to fund large-scale…

  1. Higher Education Cooperation Act: Fiscal Year 1997 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This publication provides individual descriptions of grants allocated by the state of Illinois for aid to higher education for fiscal year 1997 under the provisions of the State Higher Education Cooperation Act. The Act provides funds for interinstitutional grants, minority educational achievement grants, minority articulation program grants,…

  2. 12 CFR 28.52 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... restructured indebtedness; or (3) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund... 28.52 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.52 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a) Establishment...

  3. 12 CFR 28.52 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... restructured indebtedness; or (3) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund... 28.52 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.52 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a) Establishment...

  4. 12 CFR 28.52 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... restructured indebtedness; or (3) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund... 28.52 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.52 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a) Establishment...

  5. 12 CFR 28.52 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... restructured indebtedness; or (3) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund... 28.52 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.52 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a) Establishment...

  6. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether no... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by the FDIC in accordance...

  7. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether no... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by the FDIC in accordance...

  8. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether no... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by the FDIC in accordance...

  9. 12 CFR 28.52 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... restructured indebtedness; or (3) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International Monetary Fund... 28.52 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES International Lending Supervision § 28.52 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a) Establishment...

  10. 12 CFR 347.303 - Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... comply with any International Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or (B) Whether no... GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.303 Allocated transfer risk reserve. (a... risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international assets when required by the FDIC in accordance...

  11. Resource Allocation Strategies in Doctoral/Research University (Extensive) Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake Gonzalez, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the management of resources by library directors at 151 Public and Private Carnegie classified extensive university libraries in an environment of limited funding for higher education. This study examined the following research questions: 1. What resource allocation strategies are used by…

  12. Alternatives Reality: What to Expect from Future Allocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedlacek, Verne O.

    2014-01-01

    For well more than a decade, the "endowment model" of investing has been synonymous with increasing allocations to alternative investment strategies, defined largely as hedge funds, private real estate, private equity and venture capital and other, generally less liquid or illiquid strategies compared to public markets. This trend…

  13. Linking Performance Measures to Resource Allocation: Exploring Unmapped Terrain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewell, Peter T.

    1999-01-01

    Examination of how (and whether) particular types of institutional performance measures can be beneficially used in making resource allocation decisions finds that only easily verifiable "hard" statistics should be used in classic performance funding approaches, although surveys and the use of good practices by institutions may…

  14. Using Fiscal Data to Inform a State's Part C Allocation Methodology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Maureen; Kilpatrick, Jamie; McCullough, Katy; Reid, Kellen

    2016-01-01

    This 2016 document is designed to provide state Part C staff with guidance on using fiscal data to analyze and revise their allocation methodology. Allocation methodology is the process -- including practices, strategies, procedures, and policies -- used by Part C state staff to equitably distribute funds to meet the needs of the system, including…

  15. Bringing the Budget Back into Academic Work Allocation Models: A Management Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Michael; Germov, John

    2015-01-01

    Issues surrounding increasingly constrained resources and reducing levels of sector-based funding require consideration of a different Academic Work Allocation Model (AWAM) approach. Evidence from the literature indicates that an effective work allocation model is founded on the principles of equity and transparency in the distribution and…

  16. 26 CFR 1.861-17 - Allocation and apportionment of research and experimental expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the funding of all of X's research activity. In 1997, corporation Z has sales in country Z equal to $1... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation and apportionment of research and... Or Without the United States § 1.861-17 Allocation and apportionment of research and...

  17. 26 CFR 1.861-17 - Allocation and apportionment of research and experimental expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the funding of all of X's research activity. In 1997, corporation Z has sales in country Z equal to $1... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Allocation and apportionment of research and... Sources within Or Without the United States § 1.861-17 Allocation and apportionment of research...

  18. 26 CFR 1.861-17 - Allocation and apportionment of research and experimental expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the funding of all of X's research activity. In 1997, corporation Z has sales in country Z equal to $1... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Allocation and apportionment of research and... Sources within Or Without the United States § 1.861-17 Allocation and apportionment of research...

  19. 26 CFR 1.861-17 - Allocation and apportionment of research and experimental expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the funding of all of X's research activity. In 1997, corporation Z has sales in country Z equal to $1... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Allocation and apportionment of research and... Sources within Or Without the United States § 1.861-17 Allocation and apportionment of research...

  20. 26 CFR 1.861-17 - Allocation and apportionment of research and experimental expenditures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the funding of all of X's research activity. In 1997, corporation Z has sales in country Z equal to $1... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Allocation and apportionment of research and... Sources within Or Without the United States § 1.861-17 Allocation and apportionment of research...

  1. Determinants of states' allocations of the master settlement agreement payments.

    PubMed

    Sloan, Frank A; Carlisle, Emily Streyer; Rattliff, John R; Trogdon, Justin

    2005-08-01

    To determine which factors influence states' allocation decisions for the tobacco Master Settlement Agreement and the four individual settlements' annual payments, including the decision to securitize, we analyzed the effects of voter characteristics, political parties, interest groups, prior spending on public tobacco control programs, and state fiscal health on per capita settlement funds allocated to tobacco-control, health, and other programs. Tobacco-producing states and those with high proportions of conservative Democrats or elderly, black, Hispanic, or wealthy people tended to spend less on tobacco control. Education and medical lobbies had strong positive influences on per capita allocations for tobacco-control and health-related programs. State fiscal crises affected amounts spent by states from settlement funds as well as the probability of securitizing future cash flows from the settlements.

  2. In the interests of time: improving HIV allocative efficiency modelling via optimal time-varying allocations

    PubMed Central

    Shattock, Andrew J; Kerr, Cliff C; Stuart, Robyn M; Masaki, Emiko; Fraser, Nicole; Benedikt, Clemens; Gorgens, Marelize; Wilson, David P; Gray, Richard T

    2016-01-01

    Introduction International investment in the response to HIV and AIDS has plateaued and its future level is uncertain. With many countries committed to ending the epidemic, it is essential to allocate available resources efficiently over different response periods to maximize impact. The objective of this study is to propose a technique to determine the optimal allocation of funds over time across a set of HIV programmes to achieve desirable health outcomes. Methods We developed a technique to determine the optimal time-varying allocation of funds (1) when the future annual HIV budget is pre-defined and (2) when the total budget over a period is pre-defined, but the year-on-year budget is to be optimally determined. We use this methodology with Optima, an HIV transmission model that uses non-linear relationships between programme spending and associated programmatic outcomes to quantify the expected epidemiological impact of spending. We apply these methods to data collected from Zambia to determine the optimal distribution of resources to fund the right programmes, for the right people, at the right time. Results and discussion Considering realistic implementation and ethical constraints, we estimate that the optimal time-varying redistribution of the 2014 Zambian HIV budget between 2015 and 2025 will lead to a 7.6% (7.3% to 7.8%) decrease in cumulative new HIV infections compared with a baseline scenario where programme allocations remain at 2014 levels. This compares to a 5.1% (4.6% to 5.6%) reduction in new infections using an optimal allocation with constant programme spending that recommends unrealistic programmatic changes. Contrasting priorities for programme funding arise when assessing outcomes for a five-year funding period over 5-, 10- and 20-year time horizons. Conclusions Countries increasingly face the need to do more with the resources available. The methodology presented here can aid decision-makers in planning as to when to expand or contract

  3. Approaches to Resource Allocation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dressel, Paul; Simon, Lou Anna Kimsey

    1976-01-01

    Various budgeting patterns and strategies are currently in use, each with its own particular strengths and weaknesses. Neither cost-benefit analysis nor cost-effectiveness analysis offers any better solution to the allocation problem than do the unsupported contentions of departments or the historical unit costs. An operable model that performs…

  4. College and Departmental Funding and Its Relationship to Full-Time Equivalence at Appalachian State University. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, Bobby; And Others

    The way that funding allocations are made to colleges and departments at Appalachian State University (ASU) (North Carolina) was examined. Funding patterns related to full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment and faculty allocation units (FAU) were addressed. An account is provided on attempts to gather information on how funds are distributed to…

  5. Lessons learned from a regional strategy for resource allocation.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Janine C; Stapley, Jonathan; Akins, Ralitsa; Silenas, Rasa; Williams, Josie R

    2005-01-01

    Two qualitative case studies focus on the allocation of CDC funds distributed during 2002 for bioterrorism preparedness in two Texas public health regions (each as populous and complex as many states). Lessons learned are presented for public health officials and others who work to build essential public health services and security for our nation. The first lesson is that personal relationships are the cornerstone of preparedness. A major lesson is that a regional strategy to manage funds may be more effective than allocating funds on a per capita basis. One regional director required every local department to complete a strategic plan as a basis for proportional allocation of the funds. Control of communicable diseases was a central component of the planning. Some funds were kept at the regional level to provide epidemiology services, computer software, equipment, and training for the entire region. Confirmation of the value of this regional strategy was expressed by local public health and emergency management officials in a focus group 1 year after the strategy had been implemented. The group members also pointed out the need to streamline the planning process, provide up-to-date computer networks, and receive more than minimal communication. This regional strategy can be viewed from the perspective of adaptive leadership, defined as activities to bring about constructive change, which also can be used to analyze other difficult areas of preparedness.

  6. Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

  7. 26 CFR 1.642(c)-7 - Transitional rules with respect to pooled income funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... required to be allocated to X fund must be $750,000 ($600,000/$800,000×$1,000,000), and X fund's percentage... application of this subparagraph may be illustrated by the following example: Example. (a) The trustees of X... transferred to the X fund was commingled with other property transferred to the organization by which the...

  8. 26 CFR 1.642(c)-7 - Transitional rules with respect to pooled income funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... required to be allocated to X fund must be $750,000 ($600,000/$800,000×$1,000,000), and X fund's percentage... application of this subparagraph may be illustrated by the following example: Example. (a) The trustees of X... transferred to the X fund was commingled with other property transferred to the organization by which the...

  9. 26 CFR 1.642(c)-7 - Transitional rules with respect to pooled income funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... required to be allocated to X fund must be $750,000 ($600,000/$800,000×$1,000,000), and X fund's percentage... application of this subparagraph may be illustrated by the following example: Example. (a) The trustees of X... transferred to the X fund was commingled with other property transferred to the organization by which the...

  10. The Funding of Vocational Education and Training for Students with Disabilities. Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Chris Selby; Ferrier, Fran

    2004-01-01

    This volume is a companion to "The Funding of Vocational Education and Training for Students with Disabilities: Volume 1" [ED495186], which examines how the vocational education and training system currently allocates funds to support students with a disability, and suggests other funding models to promote their participation. The…

  11. Formula-Based Public School Funding System in Victoria: An Empirical Analysis of Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bandaranayake, Bandara

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the formula-based school funding system in the state of Victoria, Australia, where state funds are directly allocated to schools based on a range of equity measures. The impact of Victoria' funding system for education in terms of alleviating inequality and disadvantage is contentious, to say the least. It is difficult to…

  12. Education Reform and School Funding: An Analysis of the Georgian Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maglakelidze, Shorena

    2011-01-01

    Alteration of the direct state funding system and transition to a voucher system commenced in 2005. Establishment of a voucher funding system for secondary schools aimed at ensuring more transparency and conscientiousness of allocating the sums for schools, as well as effective expenditure of money. Voucher funding has had to ensure financial…

  13. Transforming School Funding: A Guide to Implementing Student-Based Budgeting (SBB)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, David; Gordon, Jeff; Hsu, Betty

    2014-01-01

    Student-Based Budgeting (sometimes called Weighted Student Funding, or Fair Student Funding, depending on the district) differs fundamentally from the traditional funding model, which distributes resources to schools in the form of staff and dollars designated for specific purposes. Student-Based Budgeting (SBB) allocates dollars to schools based…

  14. Constrained control allocation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Durham, Wayne C.

    1992-01-01

    This paper addresses the problem of the allocation of several flight controls to the generation of specified body-axis moments. The number of controls is greater than the number of moments being controlled, and the ranges of the controls are constrained to certain limits. The controls are assumed to be individually linear in their effect throughout their ranges of motion, and independent of one another in their effects. The geometries of the subset of the constrained controls and of its image in moment space are examined. A direct method of allocating these several controls is presented, that guarantees the maximum possible moment is generated within the constraints of the controls. The results are illustrated by an example problem involving three controls and two moments.

  15. A Framework for Optimal Control Allocation with Structural Load Constraints

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan A.; Taylor, Brian R.; Jutte, Christine V.; Burken, John J.; Trinh, Khanh V.; Bodson, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Conventional aircraft generally employ mixing algorithms or lookup tables to determine control surface deflections needed to achieve moments commanded by the flight control system. Control allocation is the problem of converting desired moments into control effector commands. Next generation aircraft may have many multipurpose, redundant control surfaces, adding considerable complexity to the control allocation problem. These issues can be addressed with optimal control allocation. Most optimal control allocation algorithms have control surface position and rate constraints. However, these constraints are insufficient to ensure that the aircraft's structural load limits will not be exceeded by commanded surface deflections. In this paper, a framework is proposed to enable a flight control system with optimal control allocation to incorporate real-time structural load feedback and structural load constraints. A proof of concept simulation that demonstrates the framework in a simulation of a generic transport aircraft is presented.

  16. Myrmics Memory Allocator

    SciTech Connect

    Lymperis, S.

    2011-09-23

    MMA is a stand-alone memory management system for MPI clusters. It implements a shared Partitioned Global Address Space, where multiple MPI processes request objects from the allocator and the latter provides them with system-wide unique memory addresses for each object. It provides applications with an intuitive way of managing the memory system in a unified way, thus enabling easier writing of irregular application code.

  17. In Search of a Fair Faculty Allocation Formula. AIR 1984 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Marilyn K.

    Several approaches to determining a new formula for the allocation of faculty positions (and associated salary and operating funds) are discussed. These approaches are: weighting schemes used at peer institutions, faculty workload measures, and use of a state funding formula. A survey was used to solicit data concerning weighting schemes used at…

  18. 23 CFR 655.607 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding. 655.607 Section 655.607 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS TRAFFIC OPERATIONS Traffic Control Devices on Federal-Aid and Other Streets and Highways § 655.607 Funding. (a)...

  19. 23 CFR 1205.4 - Funding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding requirements. 1205.4 Section 1205.4 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS; DETERMINATIONS OF EFFECTIVENESS § 1205.4 Funding...

  20. 23 CFR 1205.4 - Funding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding requirements. 1205.4 Section 1205.4 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS; DETERMINATIONS OF EFFECTIVENESS § 1205.4 Funding...

  1. 23 CFR 655.607 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding. 655.607 Section 655.607 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS TRAFFIC OPERATIONS Traffic Control Devices on Federal-Aid and Other Streets and Highways § 655.607 Funding. (a)...

  2. 23 CFR 655.607 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding. 655.607 Section 655.607 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS TRAFFIC OPERATIONS Traffic Control Devices on Federal-Aid and Other Streets and Highways § 655.607 Funding. (a)...

  3. 23 CFR 1205.4 - Funding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding requirements. 1205.4 Section 1205.4 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS; DETERMINATIONS OF EFFECTIVENESS § 1205.4 Funding...

  4. 23 CFR 655.607 - Funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding. 655.607 Section 655.607 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS TRAFFIC OPERATIONS Traffic Control Devices on Federal-Aid and Other Streets and Highways § 655.607 Funding. (a)...

  5. Funding streams 101: a key to funding for HIV/AIDS services.

    PubMed

    1998-02-01

    Funding for AIDS programs comes from a variety of sources. The roles of major Federal and State sources of money are described, including Medicaid, Ryan White, AIDS Drug Assistance Pools (ADAP), HOPWA, and PPG funding. HOPWA is administered through the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and PPG, primary prevention grants, is administered through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Medicaid is the largest Federal funding stream and Ryan White is the largest categorical AIDS funding stream. Titles I, II, and III allocate funding to cities, States, and health-care providers. The list is not all-inclusive; only the primary financial sources are included. An open letter to the Planning Council of New York City regarding the decisions make for Year 8 of Ryan White Title I in Brooklyn is included. Maps of the MHRA high needs areas and defunded areas are also included.

  6. From Theory to Practice: Implementation of a Resource Allocation Model in Health Departments

    PubMed Central

    Yaylali, Emine; Farnham, Paul G.; Schneider, Karen L.; Landers, Stewart J.; Kouzouian, Oskian; Lasry, Arielle; Purcell, David W.; Green, Timothy A.; Sansom, Stephanie L.

    2016-01-01

    Objective To develop a resource allocation model to optimize health departments’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)–funded HIV prevention budgets to prevent the most new cases of HIV infection and to evaluate the model’s implementation in 4 health departments. Design, Settings, and Participants We developed a linear programming model combined with a Bernoulli process model that allocated a fixed budget among HIV prevention interventions and risk subpopulations to maximize the number of new infections prevented. The model, which required epidemiologic, behavioral, budgetary, and programmatic data, was implemented in health departments in Philadelphia, Chicago, Alabama, and Nebraska. Main Outcome Measures The optimal allocation of funds, the site-specific cost per case of HIV infection prevented rankings by intervention, and the expected number of HIV cases prevented. Results The model suggested allocating funds to HIV testing and continuum-of-care interventions in all 4 health departments. The most cost-effective intervention for all sites was HIV testing in nonclinical settings for men who have sex with men, and the least cost-effective interventions were behavioral interventions for HIV-negative persons. The pilot sites required 3 to 4 months of technical assistance to develop data inputs and generate and interpret the results. Although the sites found the model easy to use in providing quantitative evidence for allocating HIV prevention resources, they criticized the exclusion of structural interventions and the use of the model to allocate only CDC funds. Conclusions Resource allocation models have the potential to improve the allocation of limited HIV prevention resources and can be used as a decision-making guide for state and local health departments. Using such models may require substantial staff time and technical assistance. These model results emphasize the allocation of CDC funds toward testing and continuum-of-care interventions and

  7. Library Services Funding Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lorig, Jonathan A.

    2004-01-01

    The Glenn Technical Library is a science and engineering library that primarily supports research activities at the Glenn Research Center, and provides selected services to researchers at all of the NASA research centers. Resources available in the library include books, journals, CD-ROMs, and access to various online sources, as well as live reference and inter-library loan services. The collection contains over 77,000 books, 800,000 research reports, and print or online access to over 1,400 journals. Currently the library operates within the Logistics and Technical Information Division, and is funded as an open-access resource within the GRC. Some of the research units at the GRC have recently requested that the library convert to a "pay-for-services" model, in which individual research units could fund only those journal subscriptions for which they have a specific need. Under this model, the library would always maintain a certain minimum level of pooled-expense services, including the ready reference and book collections, and inter-library loan services. Theoretically the "pay-for-services" model would encourage efficient financial allocation, and minimize the extent to which paid journal subscriptions go unused. However, this model also could potentially negate the benefits of group purchases for journal subscriptions and access. All of the major journal publishers offer package subscriptions that compare favorably in cost with the sum of individual subscription costs for a similar selection of titles. Furthermore, some of these subscription packages are "consortium" purchases that are funded collectively by the libraries at multiple NASA research centers; such consortia1 memberships would be difficult for the library to pay, if enough GRC research units were to withdraw their pooled contributions. cost of collectively-funded journal access with the cost of individual subscriptions. My primary task this summer is to create the cost dataset framework, and

  8. Health Care Capacity and Allocations Among South Africa's Provinces: Infrastructure–Inequality Traps After the End of Apartheid

    PubMed Central

    Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. We assessed the determinants of health care funding allocations among South Africa's provinces and their effects on health care from 1996 through 2007. Methods. We performed multivariate regression of funding allocation data against measures of disease burden and health system infrastructure by province. Results. Disease burden was increasingly negatively correlated with funding allocations and explained less than one quarter of the variation in allocations among provinces. Nearly three quarters of the variation in allocations was explained by preexisting hospital infrastructure and health care workers. The density of private hospitals in the preceding year was associated with greater government allocations (bprivate = 0.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.08, 0.15), but public hospital density in the preceding year was not (bpublic = 0.05; 95% CI = −0.02, 0.11). Greater allocations were associated with a higher number of doctors (b = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.34, 0.75) but fewer nurses (b = −0.37; 95% CI = −0.72,−0.25) in the same year. Conclusions. Regions with a greater capacity to spend funds received more funding and created more infrastructure than those with greater health needs. Historical infrastructure inequalities may have created an infrastructure–inequality trap, in which the distribution of funds to those with greater “absorptive capacity” exacerbates inequalities. PMID:21148716

  9. A model for allocating CDC's HIV prevention resources in the United States.

    PubMed

    Lasry, Arielle; Sansom, Stephanie L; Hicks, Katherine A; Uzunangelov, Vladislav

    2011-03-01

    The Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has an annual budget of approximately $325 million for funding HIV prevention programs in the U.S. The purpose of this paper is to thoroughly describe the methods used to develop a national HIV resource allocation model intended to inform DHAP on allocation strategies that might improve the overall effectiveness of HIV prevention efforts. The HIV prevention resource allocation problem consists of choosing how to apportion prevention resources among interventions and populations so that HIV incidence is minimized, given a budget constraint. We developed an epidemic model that projects HIV infections over time given a specific allocation scenario. The epidemic model is then embedded in a nonlinear mathematical optimization program to determine the allocation scenario that minimizes HIV incidence over a 5-year horizon. In our model, we consider the general U.S. population and specific at-risk populations. The at-risk populations include 15 subgroups structured by gender, race/ethnicity and HIV transmission risk group. HIV transmission risk groups include high-risk heterosexuals, men who have sex with men and injection drug users. We consider HIV screening interventions and interventions to reduce HIV-related risk behaviors. The output of the model is the optimal funding scenario indicating the amounts to be allocated to all combinations of populations and interventions. For illustrative purposes only, we provide a sample application of the model. In this example, the optimal allocation scenario is compared to the current baseline funding scenario to highlight how the current allocation of funds could be improved. In the baseline allocation, 29% of the annual budget is aimed at the general population, while the model recommends targeting 100% of the budget to the at-risk populations with no allocation targeted to the general population. Within the allocation to behavioral

  10. 401(k) plan asset allocation, account balances, and loan activity.

    PubMed

    VanDerhei, J; Galer, R; Quick, C; Rea, J

    1999-01-01

    The Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) and the Investment Company Institute (ICI) have been collaborating for the past two years to collect data on participants in 401(k) plans. This effort, known as the EBRI/ICI Participant-Directed Retirement Plan Data Collection Project, has obtained data for 401(k) plan participants from certain of EBRI and ICI sponsors and members serving as plan recordkeepers and administrators. The report includes 1996 information on 6.6 million active participants in 27,762 plans holding nearly $246 billion in assets. The data include demographic information, annual contributions, plan balances, asset allocation, and loans, and are currently the most comprehensive source of information on individual plan participants. In 1996, the first year for which data are ready for analysis, the EBRI/ICI database appears to be broadly representative of the universe of 401(k) plans. Key findings include: for all participants, 44.0 percent of the total plan balance is invested in equity funds, 19.1 percent in employer stock, 15.1 percent in guaranteed investment contracts (GICs), 7.8 percent in balanced funds, 6.8 percent in bond funds, 5.4 percent in money funds, 0.8 percent in other stable value funds, and 1.0 percent in other or unidentified investments. This allocation implies that over two-thirds of plan balances are invested directly or indirectly in equity securities. Asset allocation varies with age. For instance, on average, individuals in their twenties invested 76.8 percent of assets in equities and only 22.1 percent in fixed-income investments. By comparison, individuals in their sixties invested 53.2 percent of their assets in equities and 45.9 percent of assets in fixed-income investments. Investment options offered by 401(k) plans appear to influence asset allocation. For example, the addition of company stock substantially reduces the allocation to equity funds and the addition of GICs lowers allocations to bond and money funds

  11. 34 CFR 674.17 - Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... 674.17 Section 674.17 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM General... section 466(c) of the Act. (2) The assignment of the outstanding loans to the United States. (b)...

  12. 34 CFR 674.17 - Federal interest in allocated funds-transfer of Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... 674.17 Section 674.17 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM General... section 466(c) of the Act. (2) The assignment of the outstanding loans to the United States. (b)...

  13. Radon: Gas transport in soils and its relation to radon availability: Hot spot identification and flow characteristics near structures. Progress report and request for third year incremental funding

    SciTech Connect

    Reimer, G.M.

    1995-04-14

    There are 3 major objectives being addressed in this research. The first is to participate, by providing ground truth quality assurance, in the DOE/LBL/EPA cooperative study to determine a methodology to predict the areas where indoor radon concentrations have the highest probability of exceeding 20 pCi/L (750 Bq/m{sup 3}). The second is to examine 2 common types of homes (basement and non-basement) for radon entry by monitoring specific parameters under normal living conditions. The third task is to participate with other researchers in their studies using the techniques and experience developed by this principal investigator during previously funded times. Those researchers seek assistance in measuring soil permeability, determining the effect of meteorological parameters on radon entry, determining the diffusion characteristics of standard basement wall materials, developing a GIS (Geographic Information System) data base for predicting regional radon potential, and examining the contribution of regional solution-developed permeability in limestone to the radon potential of an area.

  14. Computationally efficient control allocation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Durham, Wayne (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    A computationally efficient method for calculating near-optimal solutions to the three-objective, linear control allocation problem is disclosed. The control allocation problem is that of distributing the effort of redundant control effectors to achieve some desired set of objectives. The problem is deemed linear if control effectiveness is affine with respect to the individual control effectors. The optimal solution is that which exploits the collective maximum capability of the effectors within their individual physical limits. Computational efficiency is measured by the number of floating-point operations required for solution. The method presented returned optimal solutions in more than 90% of the cases examined; non-optimal solutions returned by the method were typically much less than 1% different from optimal and the errors tended to become smaller than 0.01% as the number of controls was increased. The magnitude of the errors returned by the present method was much smaller than those that resulted from either pseudo inverse or cascaded generalized inverse solutions. The computational complexity of the method presented varied linearly with increasing numbers of controls; the number of required floating point operations increased from 5.5 i, to seven times faster than did the minimum-norm solution (the pseudoinverse), and at about the same rate as did the cascaded generalized inverse solution. The computational requirements of the method presented were much better than that of previously described facet-searching methods which increase in proportion to the square of the number of controls.

  15. 50 CFR 80.63 - Does an agency have to allocate costs in multipurpose projects and facilities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH... SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS Allocation of Funds by an Agency § 80.63 Does an agency have to...

  16. Current costing models: are they suitable for allocating health resources? The example of fall injury prevention in Australia.

    PubMed

    Moller, Jerry

    2005-01-01

    The example of fall injury among older people is used to define and illustrate how current Australian systems for allocation of health resources perform for funding emerging public health issues. While the examples are Australian, the allocation and priority setting methods are common in the health sector in all developed western nations. With an ageing population the number of falls injuries in Australia and the cost of treatment will rise dramatically over the next 20-50 years. Current methods of allocating funds within the health system are not well suited to meeting this coming epidemic. The information requirements for cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness measures cannot be met. Marginal approaches to health funding are likely to continue to fund already well-funded treatment or politically driven prevention processes and to miss the opportunity for new prevention initiatives in areas that do not have a high political profile. Fall injury is one of many emerging areas that struggle to make claims for funding because the critical mass of intervention and evidence of its impact is not available. The beneficiaries of allocation failure may be those who treat the disease burden that could have been easily prevented. Changes to allocation mechanisms, data systems and new initiative funding practices are required to ensure that preventative strategies are able to compete on an equal footing with treatment approaches for mainstream health funding.

  17. Quantum Transport.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-15

    Notre Dame was concerned with a variety of quantum transport in mesoscopic structures. This research was funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific...Research under Grant No. AFOSR-91-0211. The major issues examined included quantum transport in high magnetic fields and modulated channels, Coulomb...lifetimes in quasi-1D structures, quantum transport experiments in metals, the mesoscopic photovoltaic effect, and new techniques for fabricating quantum structures in semiconductors.

  18. NCLB Low Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne C.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the impact brought about by the "No Child Left Behind" Act (NCLB) on school funding. Because of changes in the funding formulas, most of the increased funding will go to districts in which the highest number of poor children reside. Districts which are less impacted by poverty will lose funding. The…

  19. Research on allocation efficiency of the daisy chain allocation algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Jingping; Zhang, Weiguo

    2013-03-01

    With the improvement of the aircraft performance in reliability, maneuverability and survivability, the number of the control effectors increases a lot. How to distribute the three-axis moments into the control surfaces reasonably becomes an important problem. Daisy chain method is simple and easy to be carried out in the design of the allocation system. But it can not solve the allocation problem for entire attainable moment subset. For the lateral-directional allocation problem, the allocation efficiency of the daisy chain can be directly measured by the area of its subset of attainable moments. Because of the non-linear allocation characteristic, the subset of attainable moments of daisy-chain method is a complex non-convex polygon, and it is difficult to solve directly. By analyzing the two-dimensional allocation problems with a "micro-element" idea, a numerical calculation algorithm is proposed to compute the area of the non-convex polygon. In order to improve the allocation efficiency of the algorithm, a genetic algorithm with the allocation efficiency chosen as the fitness function is proposed to find the best pseudo-inverse matrix.

  20. 23 CFR 1208.5 - Unavailability of withheld funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unavailability of withheld funds. 1208.5 Section 1208.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES NATIONAL MINIMUM DRINKING AGE § 1208.5 Unavailability of withheld funds. Funds...

  1. 23 CFR 1208.5 - Unavailability of withheld funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Unavailability of withheld funds. 1208.5 Section 1208.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES NATIONAL MINIMUM DRINKING AGE § 1208.5 Unavailability of withheld funds. Funds...

  2. 23 CFR 1208.5 - Unavailability of withheld funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Unavailability of withheld funds. 1208.5 Section 1208.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES NATIONAL MINIMUM DRINKING AGE § 1208.5 Unavailability of withheld funds. Funds...

  3. 23 CFR 1208.5 - Unavailability of withheld funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Unavailability of withheld funds. 1208.5 Section 1208.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES NATIONAL MINIMUM DRINKING AGE § 1208.5 Unavailability of withheld funds. Funds...

  4. 23 CFR 1208.5 - Unavailability of withheld funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Unavailability of withheld funds. 1208.5 Section 1208.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION AND FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GUIDELINES NATIONAL MINIMUM DRINKING AGE § 1208.5 Unavailability of withheld funds. Funds...

  5. 46 CFR 390.7 - Deposits into the fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deposits into the fund. 390.7 Section 390.7 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REGULATIONS UNDER PUBLIC LAW 91-469 CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION FUND § 390.7 Deposits into the fund. (a) In general—(1) Source of deposits. 46 U.S.C....

  6. 34 CFR 76.797 - When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When is an SEA required to make adjustments to allocations under this subpart? 76.797 Section 76.797 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS How Does a State or Local Educational Agency Allocate Funds to...

  7. Allocation of Operations and Support Cost Targets Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-30

    Logistics Technology Dept P.O. Box 225907, Dallas TX 75265 Sa. NAME OF FUNDING/SPONSORING ORGANIZATION AF Business Research Mgt Center AFBRMC/RDCB Sb...REPORT (Yr., Mo.. Day) 84 Apr 5 15. PAGE COUNT 42 COSAT1 CODES FIELD 05 GROUP 01 SUB. GR. 18. SUBJECT TERMS (Continue on reverse if...necessary and identify by block number) Allocation of 0&S Cost Targets, Guarantees Life Cycle Cost, Costs, Cost Targets 19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse

  8. Education Program Funding: A Comparison of the September 2009 Budget Update to the February 2009 Budget Estimates. BCTF Research Report. Section V. 2009-EF-03

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports that the Education Program funding for 2009-2010 in the September 2009 budget update is about $128 million less than the funding allocated in the February 2009 budget announcement. As public-school funding comprises 95% of all Education Program Funding, this will have a significant impact on public education budgets. Instead of…

  9. [European Union funds and clinical toxicology].

    PubMed

    Wiszniewiecka, Monika; Cejrowski, Daniel; Sein Anand, Jacek

    2015-01-01

    Since 2014 we are heading the third programming period of help from European Union (EU). The new budget will run until 2020. From common resources of EU, 106 billion euro will reach Poland, of which about 82.3 billion to cohesion policy, levelling differences of regional development. Clinical toxicology centres will be able to apply for funding under the allocation for the health service. Polish health service very actively benefited from EU funds in previous programming periods, between 2004-2006, and 2007-2013. Thanks to grants from the EU, a large number of health centres were built or renovated. Unfortunately the needs of hospitals, which were underinvested for many years, exceeded available funds according to UE programmes. Except investment projects, also projects training of health professionals were executed. In the current programming period European Union will still support projects aimed at health service. Clinical toxicology centres should have a try of using this period to fulfil their plans.

  10. Value for Money in Donor HIV Funding.

    PubMed

    Linnemayr, Sebastian; Ryan, Gery W; Liu, Jenny; Palar, Kartika

    2012-01-01

    Countries with the highest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease are heavily reliant on donor funding from such sources as the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria for their HIV programs. In recent years, commitments from these organizations have flattened while demand for HIV/AIDS care continues to rise. To meet the continued need for more HIV services in developing countries, existing resources need to be better leveraged, i.e., to provide improved value for the money. This article examines options for improving value for money in HIV funding by using a case study that focuses on the two largest funders, PEPFAR and the Global Fund, with funding for antiretroviral therapy (ART) as its leading example. The authors' assessment of available input and output data suggests that current spending allocations across direct and indirect services are not based on increasing value for money. The authors recommend that expenditure data for PEPFAR be made available to the public in a transparent fashion on an annual basis in a usable format and that the Global Fund make its data accessible for each program funded. They find that program output indicators to track indirect services are incomplete and need to be further developed. The trade-off between providing current services and providing future ones needs to be stated clearly, and funding decisions made accordingly. Finally, given projections that funding for HIV will likely not increase, particularly for low-income countries facing the highest HIV burden, an explicit emphasis on improving value for money by finding ways to better leverage existing monies is imperative.

  11. Use of target-date funds in 401(k) plans, 2007.

    PubMed

    Copeland, Craig

    2009-03-01

    WHAT THEY ARE: Target-date funds (also called "life-cycle" funds) are a type of mutual fund that automatically rebalances its asset allocation following a predetermined pattern over time. They typically rebalance to more conservative and income-producing assets as the participant's target date of retirement approaches. WHY THEY'RE IMPORTANT AND GROWING: Of the 401(k) plan participants in the EBRI/ICI 401(k) database who were found to be in plans that offeredtarget-date funds, 37 percent had at least some fraction of their account in target-date funds in 2007. Target-date funds held about 7 percent of total assets in 401(k) plans and the use of these funds is expected to increase in the future. The Pension Protection Act of 2006 made it easier for plan sponsors to automatically enroll new workers in a 401(k) plan, and target-date funds were one of the types of approved funds specified for a "default" investment if the participant does not elect a choice. BRI/ICI 401(K) DATABASE: This study uses the unique richness of the data in the EBRI/ICI Participant-Directed Retirement Plan Data Collection Project, which has almost 22 million participants, to examine the choices and characteristics of participants whose plans offer target-date funds. EFFECT OF AGE, SALARY, JOB TENURE, AND ACCOUNT BALANCE: Younger workers are significantly more likely to invest in target-date funds than are older workers: Almost 44 percent of participants under age 30 had assets in a target-date fund, compared with 27 percent of those 60 or older. Target-date funds appeal to those with lower incomes, little time on the job, and with few assets. On average, target-date fund investors are about 2.5 years younger than those who do not invest in target-date funds, have about 3.5 years less tenure, make about $11,000 less in salary, have $25,000 less in their account, and are in smaller plans. EFFECT OF AUTOMATIC ENROLLMENT: While the EBRI/ICI database does not contain specific information on whether

  12. The Perceptions of Stakeholders of the Implementation of a State Funding Model in South African Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mestry, Raj; Berry, Brian

    2016-01-01

    The government has made great strides in redressing past imbalances in education through the National Norms and Standards for School Funding (NNSSF) policy that focuses on equity in school funding. This NNSSF model compels the state to fund public schools according to a poverty quintile system, where poor schools are allocated much more funding…

  13. 23 CFR 511.307 - Eligibility for Federal funding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Eligibility for Federal funding. 511.307 Section 511.307 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE... § 511.307 Eligibility for Federal funding. (a) Subject to project approval by the Secretary, a State...

  14. Resource Balancing Control Allocation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan A.; Bodson, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Next generation aircraft with a large number of actuators will require advanced control allocation methods to compute the actuator commands needed to follow desired trajectories while respecting system constraints. Previously, algorithms were proposed to minimize the l1 or l2 norms of the tracking error and of the control effort. The paper discusses the alternative choice of using the l1 norm for minimization of the tracking error and a normalized l(infinity) norm, or sup norm, for minimization of the control effort. The algorithm computes the norm of the actuator deflections scaled by the actuator limits. Minimization of the control effort then translates into the minimization of the maximum actuator deflection as a percentage of its range of motion. The paper shows how the problem can be solved effectively by converting it into a linear program and solving it using a simplex algorithm. Properties of the algorithm are investigated through examples. In particular, the min-max criterion results in a type of resource balancing, where the resources are the control surfaces and the algorithm balances these resources to achieve the desired command. A study of the sensitivity of the algorithms to the data is presented, which shows that the normalized l(infinity) algorithm has the lowest sensitivity, although high sensitivities are observed whenever the limits of performance are reached.

  15. Possible funding strategies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davidson, T. F.

    1991-01-01

    Funding strategies are examined for the AIA rocket propulsion strategic plan. Either the government, industry, or universities can fund the project alone, or it was concluded, it works best if is a combination of these sources.

  16. Fanconi Anemia Research Fund

    MedlinePlus

    ... Support Publications Fundraising News What is the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund? Fanconi anemia is an inherited disease that can lead to ... population. Lynn and Dave Frohnmayer started the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund, in 1989 to find effective treatments ...

  17. Fund Raising with Panache.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedman, Robert

    1985-01-01

    The key to fund raising is the donor, and fund raisers should learn to cultivate potential donors, approach them with goals compatible with their own, supplement their thinking, get them involved, and swamp them with gratitude. (MSE)

  18. 44 CFR 78.8 - Grant funding limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD... funds for FMA each fiscal year. Each State will receive a base amount of $10,000 for Planning Grants and... disaster resistant community concept. (b) A maximum of $1,500,000 may be allocated for Planning...

  19. 44 CFR 78.8 - Grant funding limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD... funds for FMA each fiscal year. Each State will receive a base amount of $10,000 for Planning Grants and... disaster resistant community concept. (b) A maximum of $1,500,000 may be allocated for Planning...

  20. 44 CFR 78.8 - Grant funding limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD... funds for FMA each fiscal year. Each State will receive a base amount of $10,000 for Planning Grants and... disaster resistant community concept. (b) A maximum of $1,500,000 may be allocated for Planning...