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  1. Aneurysm Repair

    MedlinePlus

    ... repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms Cardiologists at the Texas Heart Institute were among the first to use ... comments. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy © Copyright Texas Heart Institute All rights reserved.

  2. Brain aneurysm repair

    MedlinePlus

    ... aneurysm repair; Dissecting aneurysm repair; Endovascular aneurysm repair - brain; Subarachnoid hemorrhage - aneurysm ... Your scalp, skull, and the coverings of the brain are opened. A metal clip is placed at ...

  3. Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular

    MedlinePlus

    ... Endovascular aneurysm repair - aorta; AAA repair - endovascular; Repair - aortic aneurysm - endovascular ... leaking or bleeding. You may have an abdominal aortic aneurysm that is not causing any symptoms or problems. ...

  4. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open

    MedlinePlus

    AAA - open; Repair - aortic aneurysm - open ... Open surgery to repair an AAA is sometimes done as an emergency procedure when there is bleeding inside your body from the aneurysm. You may have an ...

  5. Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular- discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... MRI scan Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular Aortic angiography Hardening of ... Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, LA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla ...

  6. Techniques in Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Phade, Sachin V.; Garcia-Toca, Manuel; Kibbe, Melina R.

    2011-01-01

    Endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVARs) has revolutionized the treatment of aortic aneurysms, with over half of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs performed endoluminally each year. Since the first endografts were placed two decades ago, many changes have been made in graft design, operative technique, and management of complications. This paper summarizes modern endovascular grafts, considerations in preoperative planning, and EVAR techniques. Specific areas that are addressed include endograft selection, arterial access, sheath delivery, aortic branch management, graft deployment, intravascular ultrasonography, pressure sensors, management of endoleaks and compressed limbs, and exit strategies. PMID:22121487

  7. Dorsal variant blister aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Couldwell, William T; Chamoun, Roukoz

    2012-01-01

    Dorsal variant proximal carotid blister aneurysms are treacherous lesions to manage. It is important to recognize this variant on preoperative angiographic imaging, in anticipation of surgical strategies for their treatment. Strategies include trapping the involved segment and revascularization if necessary. Other options include repair of the aneurysm rupture site directly. Given that these are not true berry aneurysms, repair of the rupture site involves wrapping or clip-grafting techniques. The case presented here was a young woman with a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured dorsal variant blister aneurysm. The technique used is demonstrated in the video and is a modified clip-wrap technique using woven polyester graft material. The patient was given aspirin preoperatively as preparation for the clip-wrap technique. It is the authors' current protocol to attempt a direct repair with clip-wrapping and leaving artery sacrifice with or without bypass as a salvage therapy if direct repair is not possible. Assessment of vessel patency after repair is performed by intraoperative Doppler and indocyanine green angiography. Intraoperative somatosensory and motor evoked potential monitoring is performed in all cases. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/crUreWGQdGo.

  8. Brain aneurysm repair - discharge

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/pubmed/22556195 . Szeder V, Tateshima S, Duckwiler GR. Intracranial aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic ... used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed ...

  9. Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: current endovascular perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Orr, Nathan; Minion, David; Bobadilla, Joseph L

    2014-01-01

    Thoracoabdominal aneurysms account for roughly 3% of identified aneurysms annually in the United States. Advancements in endovascular techniques and devices have broadened their application to these complex surgical problems. This paper will focus on the current state of endovascular thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair, including specific considerations in patient selection, operative planning, and perioperative complications. Both total endovascular and hybrid options will be considered. PMID:25170271

  10. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Medical Advisory Secretariat conducted a systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in comparison to open surgical repair. An abdominal aortic aneurysm [AAA] is the enlargement and weakening of the aorta (major blood artery) that may rupture and result in stroke and death. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair [EVAR] is a procedure for repairing abdominal aortic aneurysms from within the blood vessel without open surgery. In this procedure, an aneurysm is excluded from blood circulation by an endograft (a device) delivered to the site of the aneurysm via a catheter inserted into an artery in the groin. The Medical Advisory Secretariat conducted a review of the evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this technology. The review included 44 eligible articles out of 489 citations identified through a systematic literature search. Most of the research evidence is based on non-randomized comparative studies and case series. In the short-term, EVAR appears to be safe and comparable to open surgical repair in terms of survival. It is associated with less severe hemodynamic changes, less blood transfusion and shorter stay in the intensive care and hospital. However, there is concern about a high incidence of endoleak, requiring secondary interventions, and in some cases, conversion to open surgical repair. Current evidence does not support the use of EVAR in all patients. EVAR might benefit individuals who are not fit for surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and whose risk of rupture of the aneurysm outweighs the risk of death from EVAR. The long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of EVAR cannot be determined at this time. Further evaluation of this technology is required. OBJECTIVE The objective of this health technology policy assessment was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of endovascular repair of

  11. Vein graft aneurysms following popliteal aneurysm repair are more common than we think.

    PubMed

    Sharples, Alistair; Kay, Mark; Sykes, Timothy; Fox, Anthony; Houghton, Andrew

    2015-10-01

    True infrainguinal vein graft aneurysms are reported infrequently in the literature. We sought to identify the true incidence of these graft aneurysms after popliteal aneurysm repair and identify factors which may increase the risk of such aneurysms developing. Using a prospectively compiled database, we identified patients who underwent a popliteal aneurysm repair between January 1996 and January 2011 at a single district general hospital. Patients were routinely followed up in a graft surveillance programme. Out of 45 patients requiring repair of a popliteal aneurysm over a 15-year period, four (8.8%) patients developed aneurysmal graft disease. Of the patients who developed graft aneurysms, all had aneurysmal disease at other sites compared with 18 (45.0%) patients who did not develop graft aneurysms. Patients with graft aneurysms had a mean of 1.60 aneurysms elsewhere compared to 0.58 in patients with non-aneurysmal grafts (P = 0.005). True vein graft aneurysms occur in a significant number of patients following popliteal aneurysm repair. Our data would suggest this to be more likely in patients who have aneurysms elsewhere and therefore a predisposition to aneurysmal disease. It may be appropriate for patients with aneurysms at other sites to undergo more prolonged post-operative graft surveillance.

  12. Comparable mid-term survival in patients undergoing elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair and endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Gottsäter, Anders; Acosta, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate mid-term survival in patients undergoing elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair and standard endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Consecutive patients treated from 2007 to 2011 with elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (n = 81) and endovascular aneurysm repair (n = 201) were evaluated concerning age, cardiovascular medication, comorbidities, and mid-term mortality. Results: Patients in the elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair group were younger than the endovascular aneurysm repair group (p = 0.006). In comparison with the endovascular aneurysm repair group, a lower proportion of patients in the elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair group had diabetes (p = 0.013) and anemia (p = 0.003), and a higher proportion had arterial hypertension (p = 0.009). When entering age, endovascular aneurysm repair or fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair operation, diabetes, anemia, and hypertension in a Cox regression model, only age (hazard ratio: 1.07; 95% confidence interval: 1.03–1.11; p < 0.001) was a risk factor for mid-term mortality. Conclusion: Careful patient selection and medical optimization resulted in comparable mid-term survival in patients undergoing elective fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair and endovascular aneurysm repair. PMID:26770700

  13. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Current and Future Status

    SciTech Connect

    Hinchliffe, R. J. Ivancev, K.

    2008-05-15

    Endovascular aneurysm repair has rapidly expanded since its introduction in the early 1990s. Early experiences were associated with high rates of complications including conversion to open repair. Perioperative morbidity and mortality results have improved but these concerns have been replaced by questions about long-term durability. Gradually, too, these problems have been addressed. Challenges of today include the ability to roll out the endovascular technique to patients with adverse aneurysm morphology. Fenestrated and branch stent-graft technology is in its infancy. Only now are we beginning to fully understand the advantages, limitations, and complications of such technology. This paper outlines some of the concepts and discusses the controversies and challenges facing clinicians involved in endovascular aneurysm surgery today and in the future.

  14. Cognitive impairments after surgical repair of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Hillis, A.; Anderson, N.; Sampath, P.; Rigamonti, D.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—To determine the frequency and severity of neuropsychological impairments associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage, and associated with repair of intracerebral aneurysms.
METHODS—Two groups of patients who underwent repair of intracerebral aneurysms were studied: patients with unruptured aneurysms (n=20) and patients with ruptured aneurysms (n=27). All patients were administered a battery of standardised neuropsychological tests about 3 months after surgery. A subset of 12 patients with unruptured aneurysms were administered the battery both before and after elective repair of the aneurysm(s). A subset of six patients with ruptured aneurysms were given the test at both 3 months and 1year after surgery.
RESULTS—As previously reported for patients with ruptured aneurysms, patients with both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms performed, as a group, significantly below published norms on many of the neuropsychological tests after surgery. However, there were significant differences between preoperative and postoperative performance in the unruptured aneurysm group only on a few tests: measures of word fluency, verbal recall, and frontal lobe function. Performance of patients with ruptured aneurysms was significantly below that of patients with unruptured aneurysms only on a few tests of verbal and visual memory. In addition, group differences compared with published norms reflected severely impaired performance by a minority of patients, rather than moderately impaired performance in a majority of patients.
CONCLUSIONS—Although patients who undergo repair of ruptured aneursyms perform, as a group, below published norms on many neuropsychological tests, significant impairments are seen in a minority of patients. Some of the impairments are associated with subarachnoid haemorrhage, whereas others (found in patients who underwent repair of unruptured aneurysms) are due to general effects of neurosurgery and perioperative management

  15. Endovascular aneurysm repair for multiple aneurysms as a sequel of hypereosinophilic syndrome.

    PubMed

    McVeigh, T; Hynes, N; Tawfick, W; Sultan, S

    2014-04-01

    This case represents the first report of multiple arterial aneurysms including aortic, iliac, visceral, and coronary aneurysms associated with hypereosinophilic syndrome. It presents an interesting case of epinephrine abuse and the unfortunate sequelae. This case illustrates novel approaches in emergency repair of internal iliac artery aneurysm rupture and the management of visceral artery aneurysms and exemplifies how multiple endovascular technologies can be utilized even in the high-risk polymorbid patient.

  16. Endovascular exclusion of patch aneurysms of intercostal arteries after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Juthier, Francis; Rousse, Natacha; Banfi, Carlo; Beregi, Jean-Paul; Vincentelli, André; Prat, Alain; Bachet, Jean

    2013-02-01

    Reimplantation of the largest patent intercostal arteries is usually performed during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This may lead to aneurysmal evolution of the intercostal arteries patch. We report the successful percutaneous endovascular repair in 4 Marfan patients of aneurysms of the intercostal arteries patch that developed after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair (Crawford type II) during a mean delay of 70 months (range, 48 to 91 months). All patients had previously undergone one or several aortic surgical procedures and had patent subclavian and hypogastric arterial networks. No in-hospital deaths or spinal cord ischemic injuries occurred, which emphasizes the importance of the vascular collateral network.

  17. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Sternbergh, W. Charles; Yoselevitz, Moises; Money, Samuel R.

    1999-01-01

    Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is an exciting new minimally invasive treatment option for patients with this disease. Ochsner Clinic has been the only institution in the Gulf South participating in FDA clinical trials of these investigational devices. Early results with endovascular AAA repair demonstrate a trend towards lower mortality and morbidity when compared with traditional open surgery. Length of stay has been reduced by two-thirds with a marked reduction in postoperative pain and at-home convalescence. If the long-term data on efficacy and durability of these devices are good, most AAAs in the future will be treated with this minimally invasive technique. PMID:21845135

  18. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair in HIV Patients with Ruptured Abdominal Aneurysm and Low CD4

    PubMed Central

    Orrapin, Saritphat; Arworn, Supapong; Reanpang, Termpong

    2016-01-01

    We report two HIV infected patients with ruptured abdominal aneurysm by using endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) technique. A 59-year-old Thai man had a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm and a 57-year-old man had a ruptured iliac artery aneurysm. Both patients had a CD4 level below 200 μ/L indicating a low immune status at admission. They were treated by EVAR. Neither patient had any complications in 3 months postoperatively. EVAR may have a role in HIV patients with ruptured abdominal aneurysm together with very low immunity. PMID:27703834

  19. "Open" approach to aortic arch aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Al Kindi, Adil H; Al Kimyani, Nasser; Alameddine, Tarek; Al Abri, Qasim; Balan, Baskaran; Al Sabti, Hilal

    2014-07-01

    Aortic arch aneurysm is a relatively rare entity in cardiac surgery. Repair of such aneurysms, either in isolation or combined with other cardiac procedures, remains a challenging task. The need to produce a relatively bloodless surgical field with circulatory arrest, while at the same time protecting the brain, is the hallmark of this challenge. However, a clear understanding of the topic allows a better and less morbid approach to such a complex surgery. Literature has shown the advantage of selective cerebral perfusion techniques in comparison with only circulatory arrest. Ability to perfuse the brain has allowed circulatory arrest temperatures at moderate hypothermia without the need for deep hypothermia. Even though cannulation site selection appears to be a minor issue, literature has shown that the subclavian/axillary route has the best outcomes and that femoral cannulation should only be reserved for no access patients. Although different techniques for arch anastomosis have been described, we routinely perform the distal first technique as we find it to be less cumbersome and easiest to reproduce. In this review our aim is to outline a systematic approach to aortic arch surgery. Starting with indications for intervention and proceeding with approaches on site of cannulation, approaches to brain protection with hypothermia and selective cerebral perfusion and finally surgical steps in performing the distal and arch vessels anastomosis.

  20. Endovascular Repair of Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Executive Summary Objective To conduct an assessment on endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). Clinical Need Aneurysm is the most common condition of the thoracic aorta requiring surgery. Aortic aneurysm is defined as a localized dilatation of the aorta. Most aneurysms of the thoracic aorta are asymptomatic and incidentally discovered. However, TAA tends to enlarge progressively and compress surrounding structures causing symptoms such as chest or back pain, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), dyspnea (shortness of breath), cough, stridor (a harsh, high-pitched breath sound), and hoarseness. Significant aortic regurgitation causes symptoms of congestive heart failure. Embolization of the thrombus to the distal arterial circulation may occur and cause related symptoms. The aneurysm may eventually rupture and create a life-threatening condition. The overall incidence rate of TAA is about 10 per 100,000 person-years. The descending aorta is involved in about 30% to 40% of these cases. The prognosis of large untreated TAAs is poor, with a 3-year survival rate as low as 25%. Intervention is strongly recommended for any symptomatic TAA or any TAA that exceeds twice the diameter of a normal aorta or is 6 cm or larger. Open surgical treatment of TAA involves left thoracotomy and aortic graft replacement. Surgical treatment has been found to improve survival when compared with medical therapy. However, despite dramatic advances in surgical techniques for performing such complex operations, operative mortality from centres of excellence are between 8% and 20% for elective cases, and up to 50% in patients requiring emergency operations. In addition, survivors of open surgical repair of TAAs may suffer from severe complications. Postoperative or postprocedural complications of descending TAA repair include paraplegia, myocardial infarction, stroke, respiratory failure, renal failure, and intestinal ischemia. The Technology Endovascular aortic aneurysm

  1. Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

    A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

  2. Treatment of Infected Aneurysms of the Abdominal Aorta and Iliac Artery with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair and Percutaneous Drainage.

    PubMed

    Chino, Shuji; Kato, Noriyuki; Noda, Yoshihiro; Oue, Kensuke; Tanaka, Satofumi; Hashimoto, Takashi; Higashigawa, Takatoshi; Miyake, Yoichiro; Okabe, Manabu

    2016-10-01

    Infected aneurysm remains one of the most challenging diseases for vascular surgeons. We describe the successful treatment of 2 cases of infected aneurysms with endovascular aneurysm repair and percutaneous computed tomography-guided drainage. This strategy may be an effective alternative to open surgical repair in selected patients.

  3. Extra-anatomic endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a horseshoe kidney supplied by the aneurysmal aorta.

    PubMed

    Rey, Jorge; Golpanian, Samuel; Yang, Jane K; Moreno, Enrique; Velazquez, Omaida C; Goldstein, Lee J; Chahwala, Veer

    2015-07-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated by a horseshoe kidney (HSK, fused kidney) represents a unique challenge for repair. Renal arteries arising from the aneurysmal aorta can further complicate intervention. Reports exist describing the repair of these complex anatomies using fenestrated endografts, hybrid open repairs (debranching), and open aneurysmorrhaphy with preservation of renal circulation. We describe an extra-anatomic, fully endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a HSK partially supplied by a renal artery arising from the aneurysm. We successfully applied aortouni-iliac endografting, femorofemoral bypass, and retrograde renal artery perfusion via the contralateral femoral artery to exclude the abdominal aortic aneurysm and preserve circulation to the HSK.

  4. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant

    SciTech Connect

    Rao, M.; Arya, N. Lee, B.; Hannon, R.J.; Loan, W.; Soong, C.V.

    2004-09-15

    Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta.

  5. Anesthetic considerations for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Kothandan, Harikrishnan; Haw Chieh, Geoffrey Liew; Khan, Shariq Ali; Karthekeyan, Ranjith Baskar; Sharad, Shah Shitalkumar

    2016-01-01

    Aneurysm is defined as a localized and permanent dilatation with an increase in normal diameter by more than 50%. It is more common in males and can affect up to 8% of elderly men. Smoking is the greatest risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and other risk factors include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, family history of aneurysms, inflammatory vasculitis, and trauma. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair [EVAR] is a common procedure performed for AAA, because of its minimal invasiveness as compared with open surgical repair. Patients undergoing EVAR have a greater incidence of major co-morbidities and should undergo comprehensive preoperative assessment and optimization within the multidisciplinary settings. In majority of cases, EVAR is extremely well-tolerated. The aim of this article is to outline the Anesthetic considerations related to EVAR. PMID:26750684

  6. Current modalities for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Implications for nurses.

    PubMed

    Robbins, Debra Ann

    2010-12-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) represent a significant health problem in the United States as more than 1 million people are afflicted and the prevalence is only expected to increase. Given that AAA rupture carries a high mortality rate, there is interest in repairing the aneurysm electively before aneurysm rupture. Two approaches to aneurysm repair are open repair and endovascular repair. However, limited data comparing the outcomes of these different methods exist. A systematic review of recent clinical trials was conducted to identify and compare the short- and long-term clinical outcomes between open and endovascular repair. Prospective, controlled trials published in the last 5 years were acquired using PubMed, Ovid, and Scopus databases. Four studies were identified during the search. Study trends suggest a perioperative advantage using endovascular repair. However, this advantage does not appear to be maintained in the long term. Each type of repair carries its own risk profile that is likely influenced by additional factors, such as the patient's age and comorbidities. It is critical that healthcare providers are aware of the risks associated with each approach in order to provide optimal patient care. Copyright © 2010 Society for Vascular Nursing, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Endovascular Repair of an Anastomotic Leak Following Open Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Mofidi, R. Flett, M.; Milne, A.; Chakraverty, S.

    2007-09-15

    This report describes the case of an early postoperative anastomotic leak following elective open repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm which was successfully treated by endovascular stent-grafting. A 71-year-old man underwent open tube graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Twelve days later he presented with a contained leak from the distal anastomosis, which was confirmed on CT scan. This was successfully treated with a bifurcated aortic stent-graft. This case illustrates the usefulness of the endovascular approach for resolving this rare surgical complication of open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and the challenges associated with the deployment of such a device within an aortic tube graft.

  8. Aneurysm rupture from blunt abdominal trauma after endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Bahar, Ilknur G; Tutun, Ufuk; Iscan, Zafer; Ayabakan, Nurcan; Ozdemir, Mustafa

    2016-12-01

    We present a case of aneurysm rupture from severe blunt abdominal trauma due to fight in a patient who had endovascular aneurysm repair. The patient presented to the emergency service with computed tomography evidence of an endoleak and a large retroperitoneal hematoma. The contrast abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a type Ib endoleak, increase in the aneurysm diameter and hematoma in the retroperitoneum. The patient has been taken under interventional procedure for endovascular aneurysm repair revision under urgent condition. Type Ib endoleak was treated by placement of a covered iliac extension limb, but a second leakage from graft body was found in control computed tomography images and open surgical conversion was necessary. Operative findings included a type III endoleak from graft body, defect on fabric. It was seen that the aneurysm sac anterior and posterior parts were ruptured. Upon reviewing the literature, we found that it was an interesting case as the first rupture case which had been developed after severe blunt abdominal trauma during the follow-up period of a patient on which endovascular aneurysm repair procedure had been performed and progressed in this manner. © The Author(s) 2016.

  9. Aneurysm Wall Enhancement Detected by Contrast Computed Tomography Scan Is Associated With Aneurysm Shrinkage After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Ito, Eisaku; Toya, Naoki; Fukushima, Soichiro; Murakami, Yuri; Akiba, Tadashi; Ohki, Takao

    2017-09-27

    Aneurysm expansion, and consequent endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a major problem. Accurate prediction of aneurysm expansion is demanding for surgeons and remains difficult.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 157 cases of EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using a bifurcated main-body stent-graft. There were 62 cases of aneurysm shrinkage after EVAR, 63 cases of stable aneurysm, and 32 cases of aneurysm expansion. Type I endoleaks were significantly increased in the aneurysm expansion group (EXP) compared with the stable (STB) and shrinkage (SHR) groups (EXP: 15.6% vs. STB: 4.8% vs. SHR: 0%, P=0.005). Type II endoleaks were also significantly increased in EXP (EXP: 65.6% vs. STB: 36.5% vs. SHR: 6.5%, P<0.001). Aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on imaging, however, was significantly decreased in the EXP group (EXP: 18.8% vs. STB: 23.8% vs. SHR: 53.2%, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the occurrence of type II endoleaks significantly decreased (P<0.001) and that of AWE significantly increased the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage (P=0.032). AWE following EVAR may be associated with aneurysm shrinkage.

  10. Endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm: serial changes of periaortic fibrosis demonstrated by CT.

    PubMed

    Sueyoshi, Eijun; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka

    2009-07-01

    Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) is characterized by inflammatory and/or fibrotic changes in the periaortic regions of the retroperitoneum. Surgical repair is usually selected for this disease. However, the perioperative mortality associated with open surgical repair of IAAs is three times higher than that with noninflammatory aortic aneurysms due to inflammation and periaortic fibrosis (PAF). Endovascular aneurysm repair of IAAs excludes the aneurysm and seems to reduce the size of the aneurysmal sac and the extent of PAF with acceptable peri-interventional and long-term morbidity. We describe the successful endovascular repair of an IAAA and the serial CT findings after repair.

  11. [Transient delayed paraplegia after repair of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms].

    PubMed

    Martín Torrijos, M; Aguilar Lloret, C; Ariño Irujo, J J; Serrano Hernando, F J; López Timoneda, F

    2013-11-01

    Thoracoabdominal aneurysm requires multidisciplinary management due to its complexity both in surgical technique and anesthetic considerations. One of the most feared postoperative complication is spinal cord ischemia. It can be presented as different clinical patterns, and its recovery may be partial or complete. The postoperative management of spinal cord ischemia is mainly based on techniques to increase spinal cord perfusion, above all, hemodynamic stability and cerebrospinal fluid drainage. We present two cases of delayed paraplegia after an open repair of a thoracoabdominal aneurysm and a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm repair using an endovascular stent graft. They both had a complete neurological recovery after cerebrospinal fluid drainage. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  12. Aortoiliac elongation after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Chandra, Venita; Rouer, Martin; Garg, Trit; Fleischmann, Dominik; Mell, Matthew

    2015-07-01

    Aortoiliac elongation after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is not well studied. We sought to assess the long-term morphologic changes after EVAR and identify potentially modifiable factors associated with such a change. An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was conducted for 88 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR at a single academic center from 2003 to 2007 and who also had at least 2 follow-up computed tomography angiograms (CTAs) available for review up to 5 years after surgery. Standardized centerline aortic lengths and diameters were obtained on Aquarius iNtuition 3D workstation (TeraRecon Inc., San Mateo, CA) on postoperative and all-available follow-up CTAs. Relationships to aortic elongation were determined using Wilcoxon rank-sum test or linear regression (Stata version 12.1, College Station, TX). Changes in length over time were determined by mixed-effects analysis (SAS version 9.3, Cary, NC). The study cohort was composed of mostly men (88%), with a mean age of (76 ± 8) and a mean follow-up of 3.2 years (range, 0.4-7.5 years). Fifty-seven percent of patients (n = 50) had devices with suprarenal fixation and 43% (n = 38) had no suprarenal fixation. Significant lengthening was observed over the study period in the aortoiliac segments, but not in the iliofemoral segments. Aortoiliac elongation over time was not associated with sex (P = 0.3), hypertension (P = 0.7), coronary artery disease (P = 0.3), diabetes (P = 0.3), or tobacco use (P = 0.4), but was associated with the use of statins (P = 0.03) and the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P = 0.02). Significant aortic lengthening was associated with increased type I endoleaks (P = 0.03) and reinterventions (P = 0.03). Over the study period, 4 different devices were used; Zenith (Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, IN), Talent (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN), Aneuryx (Medtronic), and Excluder (W. L. Gore and Associates Inc., Flagstaff, AZ). After adjusting for

  13. Complications of Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A Review

    SciTech Connect

    Katzen, Barry T. MacLean, Alexandra A.

    2006-12-15

    The endovascular procedure for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has had an enormous impact on the treatment of this challenging disease. Complications, however, do occur and it is important to have a thorough understanding of the array of complications and appropriate management strategies. In this review of endovascular complications, we describe early and late complications paying particular attention to preventive, treatment and surveillance strategies.

  14. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the geriatric population

    PubMed Central

    Saratzis, Athanasios; Mohamed, Saif

    2012-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common pathology among the elderly. More people above the age of 80 will have to undergo treatment of an AAA in the future. This review aims to summarize the literature focusing on endovascular repair of AAA in the geriatric population. A systematic review of the literature was performed, including results from endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) registries and studies comparing open repair and EVAR in those above the age of 80. A total of 15 studies were identified. EVAR in this population is efficient with a success rate exceeding 90% in all cases, and safe, with early mortality and morbidity being superior among patients undergoing EVAR against open repair. Late survival can be as high as 95% after 5 years. Aneurysm-related death over long-term follow-up was low after EVAR, ranging from 0 to 3.4%. Endovascular repair can be offered safely in the geriatric population and seems to compare favourably with open repair in all studies in the literature to date. PMID:23097659

  15. Celiac artery aneurysm repair in Behcet disease complicated by recurrent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Ullery, Brant W; Pochettino, Alberto; Wang, Grace J; Jackson, Benjamin M; Fairman, Ronald M; Woo, Edward Y

    2010-02-01

    Behçet's disease is a chronic, relapsing multisystemic inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent orogenital aphthous ulcers, uveitis, and skin lesions. Vascular involvement occurs in up to 38% of these patients. Herein, we report a 19-year-old male who initially presented with an isolated celiac artery aneurysm that was treated with open surgical repair. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with Behçet's disease after the development of oral aphthous ulcers and multiple recurrent postoperative deep venous thromboses and thoracoabdominal arterial aneurysms. Ultimately, a hybrid approach was undertaken. This is the fifth celiac artery aneurysm ever reported in this patient group and the first to present with an isolated celiac artery aneurysm as the initial manifestation of Behçet's disease.

  16. National trends for open and endovascular repair of aneurysms in Korea: 2004-2013.

    PubMed

    Joh, Jin Hyun; Park, Yun-Young; Cho, Sung-Shin; Park, Ho-Chul

    2016-11-01

    The introduction of endovascular aneurysm repair has led to a dramatic decline in open aneurysm repair. The aim of this report was to evaluate Korean national trends for the treatment of aneurysms. A serial, cross-sectional study of time trends of patients who underwent aneurysm repair between 2004 and 2013 was conducted. Data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service were used to evaluate the trends of aneurysm repair in the Korean population and to analyze the trends of open and endovascular aneurysm repair among Medicare beneficiaries. A linear-by-linear association was performed to determine alterations in the rates at which these aneurysm repair techniques were performed. A total of 32,130 patients underwent aneurysm repair between 2004 and 2013. The proportion of patients who underwent open repair decreased from 94.0% in 2004 to 54.9% in 2013; whereas the proportion of patients who underwent endovascular repair increased from 6.0% in 2004 to 45.1% in 2013. During the study period, the number of patients undergoing endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms significantly increased from 82 to 1,396 (relative risk, 16.17; 95% confidence interval: 12.94-20.21). Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs)overtook open repair between 2010 and 2011. The frequency of open aneurysm repair increased 1.2-fold, with an overall downward trend. The prevalence of endovascular repair markedly increased 15.3-fold. These findings indicated that, in Korea, the endovascular repair of AAAs overtook open repair as the most common technique between 2010 and 2011.

  17. Progression of perianeurysmal inflammation after endovascular aneurysm repair for inflammatory abdominal aortic and bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Igari, Kimihiro; Kudo, Toshifumi; Uchiyama, Hidetoshi; Toyofuku, Takahiro; Inoue, Yoshinori

    2015-02-01

    The use of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to treat inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs) has been reported, and this procedure appears to be preferable to open surgical repair because of intraoperative difficulties related to inflammation. We herein report a case of IAAA and bilateral inflammatory common iliac artery aneurysms that was successfully treated with bifurcated stent grafting. The perianeurysmal inflammation worsened postoperatively, requiring the placement of a ureteric stent. EVAR is feasible in cases of inflammatory aneurysms; however, the potential for an inflammatory response should be taken into account when considering the application of EVAR in patients with IAAA.

  18. The association of simple renal cysts with abdominal aortic aneurysms and their impact on renal function after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Spanos, Konstantinos; Rountas, Christos; Saleptsis, Vasileios; Athanasoulas, Athanasios; Fezoulidis, Ioannis; Giannoukas, Athanasios D

    2016-04-01

    We validated the association of simple renal cysts with abdominal aortic aneurysm and other cardiovascular factors and assessed simple renal cysts' impact on renal function before and after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted. Computed tomography angiograms of 100 consecutive male patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (Group 1) were reviewed and compared with 100 computed tomography angiogram of aged-matched male patients without abdominal aortic aneurysm (Group 2). Patients' demographic data, risk factors, abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter, the presence of simple renal cyst and laboratory tests were recorded. No difference was observed between the two groups in respect to other cardiovascular risk factors except hyperlipidemia with higher prevalence in Group 1 (p < 0.05). Presence of simple renal cysts was independently associated with age (p < 0.05) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (p = 0.0157). There was no correlation between simple renal cysts and abdominal aortic aneurysm size or pre-operative creatinine and urea levels. No difference was observed in post-operative creatinine and urea levels either immediately after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair or in 12-month follow-up. In male patients, the presence of simple renal cysts is associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm and is increasing with age. However, their presence is neither associated with impaired renal function pre-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair nor after 12-month follow-up.

  19. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair with Balloon Thrombectomy for Acute Thrombosis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Uotani, Kensuke; Hamanaka, Akihiro; Matsushiro, Keigo; Idaka, Erika; Ito, Kiyo; Yamasaki, Yuko; Kushima, Takeyuki; Sugimoto, Takaki; Sugimoto, Koji

    2017-08-17

    Acute occlusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication and is usually treated with surgical reconstruction. We present a case of acute AAA occlusion that was successfully treated by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with Fogarty balloon thrombectomy. A 77-year-old man with a history of acute myocardial ischemia presented with limb weakness and coldness. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a 42-mm-diameter infrarenal AAA that was completely thrombosed in the distal portion. The proximal neck of the aneurysm was patent, and its shape was suitable for EVAR. Therefore, we performed balloon thrombectomy of the aortoiliac thrombus that was followed by EVAR. EVAR can be a less invasive alternative than traditional treatment for acute occlusion of AAA.

  20. Repair of type I endoleak by chimney technique after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Na Hee; Kim, Woo Chul; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun

    2014-01-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair is a minimally invasive, durable and effective alternative to open surgery for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, in patients who do not have an adequate sealing zone, open surgical repair is required, which may increase mortality and morbidity. An alternative treatment in patients with challenging anatomy is the so-called "chimney graft" technique. Here, we describe a case using the chimney graft technique for treatment of juxtarenal type I endoleak followed by a previous conventional stent graft insertion to the AAA with good results. PMID:24851230

  1. An anatomic risk model to screen post endovascular aneurysm repair patients for aneurysm sac enlargement.

    PubMed

    Png, Chien Yi M; Tadros, Rami O; Beckerman, William E; Han, Daniel K; Tardiff, Melissa L; Torres, Marielle R; Marin, Michael L; Faries, Peter L

    2017-09-01

    Follow-up computed tomography angiography (CTA) scans add considerable postimplantation costs to endovascular aneurysm repairs (EVARs) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). By building a risk model, we hope to identify patients at low risk for aneurysm sac enlargement to minimize unnecessary CTAs. 895 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR for AAA were reviewed, of which 556 met inclusion criteria. A Probit model was created for aneurysm sac enlargement, with preoperative aneurysm morphology, patient demographics, and operative details as variables. Our final model included 287 patients and had a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 68.9%, and an accuracy of 70.4%. Ninety-nine (35%) of patients were assigned to the high-risk group, whereas 188 (65%) of patients were assigned to the low-risk group. Notably, regarding anatomic variables, our model reported that age, pulmonary comorbidities, aortic neck diameter, iliac artery length, and aneurysms were independent predictors of post-EVAR sac enlargement. With the exception of age, all statistically significant variables were qualitatively supported by prior literature. With regards to secondary outcomes, the high-risk group had significantly higher proportions of AAA-related deaths (5.1% versus 1.1%, P = 0.037) and Type 1 endoleaks (9.1% versus 3.2%, P = 0.033). Our model is a decent predictor of patients at low risk for post AAA EVAR aneurysm sac enlargement and associated complications. With additional validation and refinement, it could be applied to practices to cut down on the overall need for postimplantation CTA. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Sac Angiography and Glue Embolization in Emergency Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Koike, Yuya Nishimura, Jun-ichi Hase, Soichiro Yamasaki, Motoshige

    2015-04-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to demonstrate a sac angiography technique and evaluate the feasibility of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization of the ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac in emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in hemodynamically unstable patients.MethodsA retrospective case series of three patients in whom sac angiography was performed during emergency EVAR for ruptured AAA was reviewed. After stent graft deployment, angiography within the sac of aneurysm (sac angiography) was performed by manually injecting 10 ml of contrast material through a catheter to identify the presence and site of active bleeding. In two patients, sac angiography revealed active extravasation of the contrast material, and NBCA embolization with a coaxial catheter system was performed to achieve prompt sealing.ResultsSac angiography was successful in all three patients. In the two patients who underwent NBCA embolization for aneurysm sac bleeding, follow-up computed tomography (CT) images demonstrated the accumulation of NBCA consistent with the bleeding site in preprocedural CT images.ConclusionsEVAR is associated with a potential risk of ongoing bleeding from type II or IV endoleaks into the disrupted aneurysm sac in patients with severe coagulopathy. Therefore, sac angiography and NBCA embolization during emergency EVAR may represent a possible technical improvement in the treatment of ruptured AAA in hemodynamically unstable patients.

  3. [Inflammatory aortic aneurysms: Single center experiences with endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms].

    PubMed

    Strube, H; Treitl, M; Reiser, M; Steckmeier, B; Sadeghi-Azandaryani, M

    2010-10-01

    We report our single center experience of renal function, hydronephrosis and changes in perianeurysmal fibrosis (PAF) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). A total of 6 patients were treated for IAAA with EVAR and the technical success was 100%. During the follow-up period 5 patients showed regression of PAF and 1 patient showed minor progression of PAF on computed tomography scans. In 2 patients hydronephrosis was regressive postoperatively but no patients died within 30 days. There were no secondary complications to report and no secondary intervention was necessary. In the long-term course one patient exhibited complete regression of PAF.In appropriate cases EVAR is a safe method for aneurysm repair for IAAA. In patients with acute inflammation or hydronephrosis individual treatment concepts are required.

  4. Thresholds for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in England and the United States.

    PubMed

    Karthikesalingam, Alan; Vidal-Diez, Alberto; Holt, Peter J; Loftus, Ian M; Schermerhorn, Marc L; Soden, Peter A; Landon, Bruce E; Thompson, Matthew M

    2016-11-24

    Thresholds for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms vary considerably among countries. We examined differences between England and the United States in the frequency of aneurysm repair, the mean aneurysm diameter at the time of the procedure, and rates of aneurysm rupture and aneurysm-related death. Data on the frequency of repair of intact (nonruptured) abdominal aortic aneurysms, in-hospital mortality among patients who had undergone aneurysm repair, and rates of aneurysm rupture during the period from 2005 through 2012 were extracted from the Hospital Episode Statistics database in England and the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Data on the aneurysm diameter at the time of repair were extracted from the U.K. National Vascular Registry (2014 data) and from the U.S. National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2013 data). Aneurysm-related mortality during the period from 2005 through 2012 was determined from data obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.K. Office of National Statistics. Data were adjusted with the use of direct standardization or conditional logistic regression for differences between England and the United States with respect to population age and sex. During the period from 2005 through 2012, a total of 29,300 patients in England and 278,921 patients in the United States underwent repair of intact abdominal aortic aneurysms. Aneurysm repair was less common in England than in the United States (odds ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.48 to 0.49; P<0.001), and aneurysm-related death was more common in England than in the United States (odds ratio, 3.60; 95% CI, 3.55 to 3.64; P<0.001). Hospitalization due to an aneurysm rupture occurred more frequently in England than in the United States (odds ratio, 2.23; 95% CI, 2.19 to 2.27; P<0.001), and the mean aneurysm diameter at the time of repair was larger in England (63.7 mm vs. 58.3 mm, P<0.001). We found a lower rate of repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms

  5. Stent graft types for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Duffy, James M N; Rolph, Rachel; Waltham, Matthew

    2015-09-24

    The UK prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is estimated at 4.9% in over 65-year olds. Progressive and unpredictable enlargement can lead to rupture. Endovascular repair of AAAs involves a stent graft system being introduced via the femoral artery and manipulated within the aorta under radiological guidance. Following endograft deployment, a seal is formed at the proximal and distal landing zones to exclude the aneurysm sac from the circulation. With the increasing popularity of endovascular repair there has been an increase in the number of commercially available stent graft designs on the market. This is an update of the review first published in 2013. This review aimed to assess the different stent graft types for endovascular repair of AAA. The Cochrane Vascular Group Trials Search Co-ordinator (TSC) searched the Specialised Register (last searched February 2015) and the Cochrane Register of Studies (2015, Issue 1). Trial databases were searched by the TSC for details of ongoing and unpublished studies. All published and unpublished randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of stent graft types in the repair of AAAs were sought without language restriction and in consultation with the Cochrane Vascular Group TSC. We planned to conduct data collection and analysis in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. No studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. It was not possible to review the quality of the evidence in the absence of studies eligible for inclusion in the review. Unfortunately, no data exist regarding direct comparisons of the performance of different stent graft types. High quality randomised controlled trials evaluating stent graft types in abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair are required.

  6. Effectiveness of open versus endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in population settings: A systematic review of statewide databases.

    PubMed

    Williams, Christopher R; Brooke, Benjamin S

    2017-10-01

    Patient outcomes after open abdominal aortic aneurysm and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair have been widely reported from several large, randomized, controlled trials. It is not clear whether these trial outcomes are representative of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair procedures performed in real-world hospital settings across the United States. This study was designed to evaluate population-based outcomes after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair versus open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using statewide inpatient databases and examine how they have helped improve our understanding of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases was performed to identify articles comparing endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using data from statewide inpatient databases. This search was limited to studies published in the English language after 1990, and abstracts were screened and abstracted by 2 authors. Our search yielded 17 studies published between 2004 and 2016 that used data from 29 different statewide inpatient databases to compare endovascular aortic aneurysm repair versus open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. These studies support the randomized, controlled trial results, including a lower mortality associated with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair extended from the perioperative period up to 3 years after operation, as well as a higher complication rate after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. The evidence from statewide inpatient database analyses has also elucidated trends in procedure volume, patient case mix, volume-outcome relationships, and health care disparities associated with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair versus open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Population analyses of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using statewide inpatient databases have confirmed short- and long-term mortality outcomes obtained from

  7. Predictors of paraplegia with current thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Wongkornrat, Wanchai; Yamamoto, Shin; Sekine, Yuji; Ono, Makoto; Fujikawa, Takuya; Oshima, Susumu; Sasaguri, Shiro

    2015-05-01

    Although the results of surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm continue to improve, the incidence of paraplegia remains within a wide range depending on each institution. The purpose of this study was to find predictors of paraplegia following thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair in our institute, using the current spinal cord protection strategies. From January 2007 to December 2011, 200 consecutive patients underwent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Of these, 24 (12%) had Crawford extent I repair, 82 (41%) had extent II, 51 (25.5%) had extent III, 10 (5%) had extent IV, and 33 (16.5%) had extent V (modified by Safi). Aortic dissection was present in 101 (50.5%) patients. Adjuncts used during the procedures included left heart bypass in all patients, cerebrospinal fluid drainage in 164 (82%), and intercostal artery reimplantation in 76 (38%). There were 20 (10%) hospital deaths including 6 (3%) within 30 days; hospital mortality was 8.8% in elective operations. Postoperative complications included paraplegia in 17 (8.5%) patients, stroke in 5 (2.5%), and acute renal failure requiring dialysis in 5 (2.5%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that significant factors for the development of paraplegia were preoperative hypotension (p = 0.005, odds ratio 18.5), intraoperative hypotension (p = 0.001, odds ratio 77.6), and an open distal anastomosis technique (p = 0.012, odds ratio 4.6). The predictors of postoperative paraplegia in our institution were perioperative hypotension and an open distal anastomosis technique. Avoidance of these risk factors might diminish the incidence of postoperative paraplegia. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  8. Successful Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Renal Transplant Recipient

    SciTech Connect

    Kaskarelis, Ioannis S. Koukoulaki, Maria; Lappas, Ioannis; Karkatzia, Fani; Dimopoulos, Nikitas; Filias, Vasilios; Bellenis, Ion; Vougas, Vasilios; Drakopoulos, Spiros

    2006-04-15

    A renal transplant recipient presented in the early post-transplantation period with rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The high mortality rate of the surgical repair of ruptured aneurysm in addition to the concern of preserving the renal graft prompted us to seek alternative approaches, such as repairing the aneurysm by means of endovascular techniques. The ruptured aneurysm was confirmed by performing computed tomography and digital angiography and thereafter was successfully repaired by endovascular stenting technique (Talent stent-graft), which seems to be a safe and effective method of preserving a renal graft.

  9. Surveillance Imaging Following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Pandey, Nirnimesh; Litt, Harold I.

    2015-01-01

    There is a significant risk of complication following endovascular abdominal repair (EVAR), including endoleak, graft translocation, thrombosis, and infection. Surveillance imaging is important for detecting EVAR complication. Surveillance modalities include conventional X-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and conventional angiography, with inherent advantages and drawbacks to each modality. The authors present common complications following EVAR, and recent advances in the key modalities for surveillance. PMID:26327742

  10. Custom Fenestration Templates for Endovascular Repair of Juxtarenal Aortic Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Leotta, Daniel F.; Starnes, Benjamin W.

    2015-01-01

    Physician-modified endovascular grafts, with fenestrations added to accommodate major branch vessels, provide a means for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms that are adjacent to the renal arteries. Manual measurements of vessel origin locations from CT images, however, take time and can lead to errors in the positions of the fenestrations. To make the fenestration process faster and more accurate, we have developed a procedure to create custom templates that serve as patient-specific guides for graft fenestration. We use a 3D printer to create a clear rigid sleeve that replicates the patient’s aorta and includes holes placed precisely at the locations of the branch vessels. The sleeve is slipped over the graft, the locations of the openings are marked with a pen, and the fenestrations are created after removing the sleeve. Custom fenestration templates can potentially save procedural costs and make minimally-invasive aortic aneurysm repair available to more patients. PMID:25864045

  11. Custom fenestration templates for endovascular repair of juxtarenal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Leotta, Daniel F; Starnes, Benjamin W

    2015-06-01

    Physician-modified endovascular grafts, with fenestrations added to accommodate major branch vessels, provide a means for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms that are adjacent to the renal arteries. Manual measurements of vessel origin locations from computed tomography images, however, take time and can lead to errors in the positions of the fenestrations. To make the fenestration process faster and more accurate, we have developed a procedure to create custom templates that serve as patient-specific guides for graft fenestration. We use a three-dimensional printer to create a clear rigid sleeve that replicates the patient's aorta and includes holes placed precisely at the locations of the branch vessels. The sleeve is slipped over the graft, the locations of the openings are marked with a pen, and the fenestrations are created after the sleeve is removed. Custom fenestration templates can potentially save procedural costs and make minimally invasive aortic aneurysm repair available to more patients.

  12. RADIATION EXPOSURE DURING INFRARENAL ENDOVASCULAR AORTIC ANEURYSM REPAIR.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, A; Badawy, A; Chaudhuri, A

    2017-09-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms exposes patients and healthcare professions to the deterministic and stochastic effects of ionization radiation. The study aim was to determine our standard of radiation exposure in infrarenal EVARs and compare it against other published data and national guidelines. A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of patients undergoing EVARs was obtained. Radiation dose, fluoroscopy time, aneurysm size and patient characteristics were collected. Results are expressed as mean with 95% confidence interval. This study included 147 elective patients undergoing aorto bi-iliac EVAR with a mean age of 76 years from June 2013 until December 2016. The mean dose area product (DAP) was 5.91 (5.07-6.75) mGy.m2, cumulative air kerma (CAK) 248 (211-284) mGy and fluoroscopy time 32.5 (28.5-36.5) minutes. A greater BMI and a longer fluoroscopy time caused a significantly greater DAP to be administered to the patient. The device type, sex, AAA size, smoking status did not significantly effect the DAP administered to the patient. Radiation exposure during endovascular aneurysm repairs is a significant hazard to both the patient and the theatre staff. Our study shows that a greater BMI and total fluoroscopy time can cause greater radiation exposure to patient. Anatomical and technical difficulties are also related to increased radiation exposure. Radiation exposure at our centre is below threshold levels suggested by Stecker et al before radiation induced skin injuries can manifest. Additionally, radiation exposure is comparable to other centres but can be reduced further by reducing our fluoroscopy time and adhering to the principles of ALARA (As low as reasonably achievable).

  13. The impact of endovascular aneurysm repair on mortality for elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in England and the United States.

    PubMed

    Karthikesalingam, Alan; Holt, Peter J; Vidal-Diez, Alberto; Bahia, Sandeep S; Patterson, Benjamin O; Hinchliffe, Robert J; Thompson, Matthew M

    2016-08-01

    Procedural mortality is of paramount importance for patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Previous comparative studies have demonstrated international differences in the care of ruptured AAA. This study compared the use of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and in-hospital mortality for elective AAA repair in England and the United States. The English Hospital Episode Statistics and the U.S. Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) were interrogated for elective AAA repair from 2005 to 2010. In-hospital mortality and the use of EVAR were analyzed separately for each health care system, after within-country risk adjustment for age, gender, year, and an accepted national comorbidity index. The study included 21,272 patients with AAA in England, of whom 86.61% were male, with median (interquartile range) age of 74 (69-79) years. There were 196,113 AAA patients in the United States, of whom 76.14% were male, with median (interquartile range) age of 73 (67-78) years. In-hospital mortality was greater in England (4.09% vs 1.96 %; P < .01) and EVAR less common (37.33% vs 64.36%; P < .01). These observations persisted in age- and gender-matched comparison. In both countries, lower mortality and greater use of EVAR were seen in centers performing greater numbers of AAA repairs per annum. In England, lower mortality and greater use of EVAR were seen in teaching hospitals with larger bed capacity. In-hospital survival and the uptake of EVAR are lower in England than in the United States. In both countries, mortality was lowest in high-caseload centers performing a greater proportion of cases with endovascular repair. These common factors suggest strategies for improving outcomes for patients requiring elective AAA repair. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Cost disparity between open repair and endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-institute experience in Japan.

    PubMed

    Morimae, Hirofumi; Maekawa, Takashi; Tamai, Hiroaki; Takahashi, Noriko; Ihara, Tsutomu; Hori, Akihiko; Narita, Hiroshi; Banno, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Masayoshi; Yamamoto, Kiyohito; Komori, Kimihiro

    2012-01-01

    We conducted this study to compare the cost of open surgical repair (OR) with that of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Between January 2007 and November 2008, 70 patients underwent open repair and 57 patients underwent EVAR. We evaluated the total cost, including that of the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC), that of the surgical procedure, that of materials such as grafts and guide wires, and that of the anesthesia. The mean costs for OR versus EVAR were as follows: DPC, ¥632,370 versus ¥490,050, respectively, which was significant; anesthesia, ¥123,540 versus ¥86,220, respectively (P < 0.05); and materials, ¥257,770 versus ¥2,113,280, respectively (P < 0.05). Thus, the mean total cost was ¥1,825,830 versus ¥3,159,270 for open repair and EVAR, respectively (P < 0.05). New technologies should not only be clinically effective, but also cost effective. EVAR is less invasive clinically, but the cost of endovascular prostheses and other materials remains high.

  15. Aneurysmal degeneration of a saphenous vein graft following the repair of a popliteal aneurysm: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    López, María Teresa González; Dorgham, Ali Sadek; Rosas, Fernando Calleja; de Loma, Julio Gutiérrez

    2012-10-01

    True aneurysm formation in arterialized autologous veins is an unusual complication. A saccular aneurysmal degeneration of 53 mm (maximal diameter) of a saphenous vein graft inserted for repair of a popliteal aneurysm, four years after implantation, is reported. The patient (with prior history of abdominal aortic aneurysm) had been initially treated through a posterior approach. A new saphenous vein bypass grafting (medial approach) was performed. Histological examination revealed myointimal fibrosis, medial degeneration and inflammation. In spite of the widespread use of the autologous saphenous vein as an arterial substitute, this complication is extremely rare and its etiology remains unclear. Atherosclerosis is considered to be the main cause of aneurysm formation in vein grafts, but current data suggest that additional etiopathogenic factors should be further investigated. We note the rarity of this finding and review the literature for true aneurysm formation within vein grafts used for bypass procedures.

  16. Post-endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) testicular ischemia: A rare complication.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Eric; Parra, Brett L; Patel, Shonak

    2017-09-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a common modality of treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Common complications include endoleak, bleeding, infection, contrast related injuries, and ischemia. We present the case of a patient who experienced a testicular infarction following repair of an infrarenal AAA. We also discuss the implications for this complication and review the available literature for similar cases and treatment options.

  17. Complete regression of a symptomatic, mycotic juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm after treatment with fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Durgin, Jonathan M; Arous, Edward J; Kumar, Shivani; Robinson, William P; Simons, Jessica P; Schanzer, Andres

    2016-09-01

    Mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysms are rare and present unique challenges when potential treatment options are considered. Although aortic resection with in situ grafting techniques or extra-anatomic reconstruction are the treatments of choice, endovascular aortic repair has emerged as a suitable alternative in critically ill patients. We report the successful endovascular repair of a symptomatic, mycotic juxtarenal aortic aneurysm using a physician-modified fenestrated endograft. In this patient, with >6 months of follow-up, the aneurysm has completely regressed, illustrating that in select patients with complex mycotic aneurysms, endovascular repair combined with appropriate medical management is a viable treatment strategy. Copyright © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Complicated Fenestrated Endovascular Repair of a Pararenal Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Kasemi, Holta; Marino, Mario; Di Angelo, Costantino Luca; Fadda, Gian Franco

    2016-04-01

    We report the case of a 77-year-old man treated with a custom-made fenestrated endograft for pararenal aortic aneurysm repair. Fenestrations for the superior mesenteric and both the renal arteries and augmented anterior valley and/or scallop for the celiac trunk were performed. The procedure was complicated by the superior mesenteric artery stent-graft entrapment from the endograft delivery system release wires and total dislodgement into the endograft main body. Superior mesenteric artery restenting and displaced stent-graft removal completed the intervention. Fenestrated-endograft deployment should be performed by a team familiar with the device, deployment system, and bail out solutions.

  19. Jaundice as a Rare Indication for Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Rieß, Henrik C; Tsilimparis, Nikolaos; Behrendt, Christian A; Wipper, Sabine; Debus, Eike S; Larena-Avellaneda, Axel

    2015-10-01

    Compression of adjacent anatomic structures by an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can result in a variety of symptoms. We describe the case of an 88-year-old Caucasian woman with jaundice, elevated laboratory parameters for extrahepatic and intrahepatic cholestasis, and concomitant juxtarenal AAA compressing the liver hilum. Following exclusion of other common causes for cholestasis, the patient was considered to have a symptomatic AAA. Open abdominal aortic surgery revealed a contained rupture and was repaired. Obstructive jaundice secondary to a compromising AAA is a rare condition and to the best of our knowledge has not been reported to date. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Factors influencing the long-term results of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Geroulakos, G; Lumley, J S; Wright, J G

    1997-01-01

    The incidence of late graft complications such as para-anastomotic aneurysms, aortoenteric fistulas and graft infections following abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is a major determinant of its overall benefit, yet most published reports of AAA repair have concentrated almost exclusively on the early postoperative mortality and morbidity. Accurate knowledge regarding the incidence of late complications is essential to making any decision regarding the operative vs nonoperative management of AAAs. A similar analysis must be applied to endovascular repair of AAAs before this technique is accepted as an alternative method of treating AAAs. In this article we review the current knowledge and understanding on the late results following aortic aneurysm repair.

  1. Local anaesthesia for endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Geisbüsch, P; Katzen, B T; Machado, R; Benenati, J F; Pena, C; Tsoukas, A I

    2011-10-01

    The study aimed to analyse and report the results of a 'local anaesthesia first' approach in elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) patients. Between January 2007 and August 2010, a total of 217 continuous patients (187 men, median age 76 years, range 52-94 years) underwent elective EVAR using this approach, with predefined exclusion criteria for local anaesthesia (LA). A retrospective analysis regarding technical feasibility, mortality, complication and endoleak rate was performed. The results are reported as an observational study. LA was applied in 183 patients (84%), regional anaesthesia (RA) in nine patients (4%) and general anaesthesia (GA) in 25 patients (12%). Anaesthetic conversion from LA to GA was necessary in 14 patients (7.6%). Airway obstruction (n = 4) and persistent coughing (n = 3) were the most common causes for conversion to GA. Thirty-day mortality in the LA group was 2.7%, with 16/183 patients (8.7%) experiencing postoperative complications. All type I endoleaks (n = 5, 2.7%) occurred in patients with LA and challenging aneurysm morphologies. A 'local anaesthesia first' strategy can successfully be applied in 75% of patients undergoing EVAR. The use of LA can impact imaging quality and thus precise endograft placement, which should be considered in patients with challenging aneurysm morphologies. Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Intraoperative Sac Pressure Measurement During Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Ishibashi, Hiroyuki; Ishiguchi, Tsuneo; Ohta, Takashi; Sugimoto, Ikuo; Iwata, Hirohide; Yamada, Tetsuya; Tadakoshi, Masao; Hida, Noriyuki; Orimoto, Yuki; Kamei, Seiji

    2010-10-15

    PurposeIntraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement.MethodsA microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as a control by a catheter from the left brachial artery.ResultsThe systolic sac pressure index (SPI) was 0.87 {+-} 0.10 after main-body deployment, 0.63 {+-} 0.12 after leg deployment (P < 0.01), and 0.56 {+-} 0.12 after completion of the procedure (P < 0.01). Pulse pressure was 55 {+-} 21 mmHg, 23 {+-} 15 mmHg (P < 0.01), and 16 {+-} 12 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. SPI showed no significant differences between the Zenith and Excluder stent grafts (0.56 {+-} 0.13 vs. 0.54 {+-} 0.10, NS). Type I endoleak was found in seven patients (15%), and the SPI decreased from 0.62 {+-} 0.10 to 0.55 {+-} 0.10 (P = 0.10) after fixing procedures. Type II endoleak was found in 12 patients (26%) by completion angiography. The SPI showed no difference between type II endoleak positive and negative (0.58 {+-} 0.12 vs. 0.55 {+-} 0.12, NS). There were no significant differences between the final SPI of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter decreased in the follow-up and that of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter did not change (0.53 {+-} 0.12 vs. 0.57 {+-} 0.12, NS).ConclusionsSac pressure measurement was useful for instant hemodynamic evaluation of the EVAR procedure, especially in type I endoleaks. However, on the basis of this small study, the SPI cannot be used to reliably predict sac growth or regression.

  3. Anterior Retroperitoneal Spine Exposure following Prior Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Ullery, Brant W; Thompson, Patrick; Mell, Matthew W

    2016-08-01

    We describe successful anterior retroperitoneal spine exposure to facilitate anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) in a patient with a prior endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A 74-year-old male with an extensive spine surgical history presented with progressive neurogenic claudication and paresthesia involving both feet. In addition, his surgical history was notable for an EVAR performed elsewhere 5 years earlier, with subsequent right renal stent placement for encroachment of the right renal artery. Diagnostic evaluation identified severe L3-4 and L4-5 canal stenosis, and a 48 × 36-mm aneurysm sac with a type II endoleak. Revision L3-L5 fusion from an anterior approach with vascular surgery assistance was recommended. The retroperitoneum was accessed through a left paramedian abdominal incision. The abdominal aortic aneurysm sac was visualized and noted to be nonpulsatile. The distal aorta and left iliac vessels were dissected and retracted medially to facilitate anterior exposure of the L3-4 and L4-5 disk spaces. Successful ALIF of the L3-5 vertebrae was then performed. Retractors were removed and the aortoiliac vessels were carefully returned to anatomic position. The aneurysm sac remained nonpulsatile, with normal pulses in the iliac arteries. Postoperative imaging demonstrated stable appearance of aortic stent graft. At 1-year follow-up, the patient reports complete resolution of symptoms and imaging demonstrates a patent aortic stent graft with a stable type II endoleak. Widespread application of ALIF will inevitably include an increasing subgroup of patients with previous EVAR. Such patients require thorough clinical and radiographic perioperative considerations for the access surgeon. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Solitary kidney with renal artery aneurysm repaired by ex vivo reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Palcau, Laura; Gouicem, Djelloul; Joguet, Etienne; Cameliere, Lucie; Berger, Ludovic

    2014-01-01

    A 22-year-old pregnant female with pyelonephritis was found to have a 26-mm left renal artery aneurysm with unknown right kidney agenesis diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. Computed tomographic angiography with 3-dimensional reconstructions confirmed a saccular aneurysm localized at the bifurcation of the left posterior segmental artery. The patient ultimately underwent successful ex vivo left renal artery aneurysm repair with autotransplantation. Pathologic evaluation of the resected aneurysm confirmed the diagnosis of fibromuscular dysplasia. Fibromuscular dysplasia is the most common cause of renal artery stenosis and renovascular hypertension and can, in rare cases, be associated with the development of renal artery aneurysms.

  5. Endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aneurysm: a retrospective analysis of CT follow-up.

    PubMed

    Hechelhammer, Lukas; Wildermuth, Simon; Lachat, Mario L; Pfammatter, Thomas

    2005-05-01

    Retrospective radiologic and clinical midterm follow-up is reported for 10 patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). At a mean follow-up of 33 months, regression of the thickness of the perianeurysmal fibrosis (PAF) and decrease of aneurysmal sac diameter was observed in nine patients. Four EVAR-associated complications were observed: periinterventional dissection of femoral artery (n = 1), blue toe syndrome (n = 1), and stent-graft disconnection (n = 2). EVAR is the less invasive method of aneurysm exclusion in patients with IAAA with a comparable evolution of the PAF as reported after open repair.

  6. Staged endourologic and endovascular repair of an infrarenal inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm presenting with forniceal rupture.

    PubMed

    Edmonds, Rebecca D; Tomaszewski, Jeffrey J; Jackman, Stephen V; Chaer, Rabih A

    2008-11-01

    We present the case of a 79-year-old female who presented with severe left flank pain and a pulsatile abdominal mass. She was diagnosed with left peripelvic urinary extravasation and forniceal rupture secondary to an intact infrarenal inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm with extensive periaortic fibrosis. Successful operative repair was performed with staged ureteral and endovascular stenting with subsequent resolution of periaortic inflammation and ureteral obstruction, and shrinkage of the aneurysm sac. Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs) represent 5% to 10% of all abdominal aortic aneurysms. The distinguishing features of inflammatory aneurysms include thickening of aneurysm wall, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and adhesions to adjacent retroperitoneal structures. The most commonly involved adjacent structures are the duodenum, left renal vein, and ureter. Adhesions to the urinary system can cause hydronephrosis or hydroureter and result in obstructive uropathy. An unusual case of IAAA presenting with forniceal rupture is presented, with successful endovascular and endourologic repair.

  7. Infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair: New developments and decision making in 2016.

    PubMed

    Smeds, Matthew R; Charlton-Ouw, Kristofer M

    2016-03-01

    New developments in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm stent-graft devices have made more patients eligible for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Recent US Food and Drug Administration approval for fenestrated endograft repair and impending approval for iliac branch devices extend the proximal and distal landing zones. Better deployment systems allow for partial deployment of endografts to facilitate repositioning, and more flexible designs allow for treatment of angulated infrarenal aneurysm necks and tortuous iliac arteries. New iterations of endografts have smaller delivery catheter diameters, which facilitate traversal of smaller access vessels. Long-term outcomes data are still accumulating and it remains to be seen whether EVAR for this expanded-indication abdominal aortic aneurysms anatomy has the same durability as standard EVAR. More options for repair also mean vascular surgeons must select the best EVAR device based on each patient's abdominal aortic aneurysm anatomy.

  8. Innovative Chimney-Graft Technique for Endovascular Repair of a Pararenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Galiñanes, Edgar Luis; Hernandez-Vila, Eduardo A.

    2015-01-01

    After abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, progressive degeneration of the aneurysm can be challenging to treat. Multiple comorbidities and previous operations place such patients at high risk for repeat surgery. Endovascular repair is a possible alternative; however, challenging anatomy can push the limits of available technology. We describe the case of a 71-year-old man who presented with a 5.3-cm pararenal aneurysm 4 years after undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. To avoid reoperation, we excluded the aneurysm by endovascular means, using visceral-artery stenting, a chimney-graft technique. Low-profile balloons on a monorail system enabled the rapid exchange of coronary wires via a buddy-wire technique. This novel approach facilitated stenting and simultaneous angioplasty of multiple visceral vessels and the abdominal aorta. PMID:25873796

  9. Calcium channel blockers enhance sac shrinkage after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Bailey, Marc A; Sohrabi, Soroush; Flood, Karen; Griffin, Kathryn J; Rashid, S Tawqeer; Johnson, Anne B; Baxter, Paul D; Patel, Jai V; Scott, D Julian A

    2012-06-01

    Sac shrinkage is a surrogate marker of success after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We set out to determine if any common cardioprotective medications had a beneficial effect on sac shrinkage. This retrospective observational study took place at Leeds Vascular Institute, a tertiary vascular unit in the Northern United Kingdom. The cohort comprised 149 patients undergoing EVAR between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2008. Medication use was recorded at intervention (verified at study completion in 33 patients), and patients were monitored for 2 years. The main outcome measures were the effect of medication on sac shrinkage as determined by percentage change in maximal idealized cross-sectional area of the aneurysm at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years by linear regression model, in addition to 2-year endoleak and death rates determined by a binary logistic regression model. After exclusions, 112 patients, who were a median age of 78 years (interquartile range, 78-83 years), remained for analysis. The median Glasgow Aneurysm Score was 85 (interquartile range, 79-92). At 2 years, mortality was 13.4%, endoleak developed in 37.5%, and significant endoleak developed in 14.3%. Patients taking a calcium channel blocker had enhanced sac shrinkage, compared with those not taking a calcium channel blocker, by 6.6% at 6 months (-3.0% to 16.3%, P = .09), 12.3% at 1 year (2.9% to 21.7%, P = .008), and 13.1% at 2 years (0.005% to 26.2%, P = .007) independent of other medication use, graft type, endoleak development, or death. Enhanced sac shrinkage occurred after EVAR in patients taking calcium channel blockers. This warrants further study in other centers and at the molecular level. Copyright © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. ENDOVASCULAR AORTIC ANEURYSM REPAIR AT JOHANNESBURG ACADEMIC HOSPITALS.

    PubMed

    Thomas, K; du Toit, R; Abdool-Carrim, A T O

    2017-09-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common disease seen in vascular units. AAA is defined as transverse diameter greater than 3 cm and affects men more than women. Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is increasingly being used to treat AAA. Renal dysfunction, graft-related endoleaks, graft limb occlusion, device migration and delayed aneurysm rupture are possible complications that have been encountered after EVAR. Changes in renal functions after one month, six months and twelve months. The incidence of endoleaks, limb occlusion and re-interventions required. Total of thirty-six patients had EVAR done from February 2014 to April 2017. There were two patients who had type 2 endoleaks on completion angiograms, these resolved on one month CT scan. Fourteen patients had post-EVAR imaging at 1, 6 and 12 months which showed no endoleaks. Three patients developed iliac limb occlusion and was appropriately managed with fem-fem crossover. Eight patients had preexiting renal impairment with worsening of renal function in one patient (not requiring dialysis). Three patients developed renal impairment after EVAR. Twenty-two patients are waiting for the follow up imaging and few patients missing follow-up blood tests - this data will be added before the congress. The follow-up data demonstrates that EVAR can be performed safely in anatomically suitable patients. The limb occlusion rates are within accepted rates to standard vascular registry. The patients who developed renal dysfunction (Glomerular filtration rate between 50-60ml/min/1.73m2) after EVAR remained static for 12 months.

  11. Resident and fellow experiences after the introduction of endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Sachs, Teviah; Schermerhorn, Marc; Pomposelli, Frank; Cotterill, Philip; O’Malley, James; Landon, Bruce

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study assessed trends in open and endovascular repair (EVAR) of intact and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the Medicare population and evaluated recent trends in AAA repair at vascular fellowship training programs. Methods We identified all Medicare beneficiaries with a diagnosis of AAA who underwent repair or had a primary diagnosis of rupture (1995–2008). Cohorts were compared by type of repair (open vs EVAR) and presentation (intact vs ruptured AAA). Demographics of age, sex, and race were evaluated. We used unique hospital identifier codes to compare trends and 30-day mortality between hospitals that participate in vascular surgery fellowship training and those that do not. American Council on Graduate Medical Education data, only available for the years 1999 to 2008, were further used to better understand the changes in number of EVAR and open repairs of AAA performed each year for vascular fellows and general surgery residents, over time. Results We identified 449,122 patients (76% men), with 376,355 intact AAAs (84%) and 72,767 ruptured AAAs (16%). Mean age was 75.1 years. Use of EVAR for intact AAA rose to from 35% in 2001 to 63% in 2005 and comprised 78% of repairs by 2008. During the same period, the number of ruptured AAAs decreased by 40% overall, with nonoperative ruptured AAAs decreasing by 29% and EVAR increasing to 31% of rupture repairs. Hospitals training vascular fellows were quicker to adopt EVAR (2-year lag time) for intact AAA and had higher rates of EVAR for ruptured AAA (41.1% vs 29.2%; P = .001) than did hospitals without fellows. Mortality rates for open repairs of intact (4.0% vs 5.0%; P = .01) and ruptured AAA (34.1% vs 41.0%; P = .031) were lower at fellowship hospitals. The average number of open AAA repairs performed by vascular fellows dropped 50% (44.1 to 21.6/year) from 1999 to 2008. Conclusions Contrary to the expectation of a plateau, use of EVAR for intact AAA continues to rise at fellowship and

  12. Multiple mycotic aneurysms due to penicillin nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae solved with endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Rojas, Alvaro; Mertens, Renato; Arbulo, Douglas; Garcia, Patricia; Labarca, Jaime

    2010-08-01

    Mycotic aneurysm is a life-threatening condition. We report the case of an 83-year-old white female who had pneumonia, and 3 months later she was admitted with multiple sacular mycotic aneurysms due to penicillin nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae. Successful combination therapy with antibiotics and endovascular repair was done.

  13. Aneurysm sac expansion is independently associated with late mortality in patients treated with endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Deery, Sarah E; Ergul, Emel A; Schermerhorn, Marc L; Siracuse, Jeffrey J; Schanzer, Andres; Goodney, Philip P; Cambria, Richard P; Patel, Virendra I

    2017-08-30

    Patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms can exhibit variations in sac behavior ranging from complete regression to expansion. We evaluated the impact of sac behavior at 1-year follow-up on late survival. We used the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) registry from 2003 to 2011 to identify EVAR patients with 1-year computed tomography follow-up. Aneurysm sac enlargement ≥5 mm (sac expansion) and decrease ≥5 mm (sac regression) were defined per Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines. Predictors of change in sac diameter and impact of sac behavior on long-term mortality were assessed by multivariable methods. Of 2437 patients who underwent EVAR, 1802 (74%) had complete 1-year follow-up data and were included in the study. At 1 year, 162 (9%) experienced sac expansion, 709 (39%) had a stable sac, and 931 (52%) experienced sac regression. Sac expansion was associated with preoperative renal insufficiency (odds ratio [OR], 3.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5-8.0; P < .01), urgent repair (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.4-5.1; P < .01), hypogastric coverage (OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1-2.7; P = .02), and type I/III (OR, 16.8; 95% CI, 7.3-39.0; P < .001) or type II (OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 2.0-4.3; P < .001) endoleak at follow-up, and sac expansion was inversely associated with smoking (OR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4-0.96; P = .03) and baseline aneurysm diameter (OR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.6-0.9; P < .001). Sac regression (vs expansion or stable sac) was associated with female gender (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4-2.4; P < .001) and larger baseline aneurysm diameter (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.2-1.5; P < .001) and inversely associated with type I/III (OR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.1-0.5; P < .01) or type II endoleak at follow-up (OR, 0.2; 95% CI, 0.2-0.3; P < .001). After risk-adjusted Cox regression, sac expansion was independently associated with late mortality (hazard ratio, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0; P = .01), even with adjustment for reinterventions and endoleak during

  14. Aortobronchial Fistula after Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Melvan, John Nicholas; DeLaRosa, Jacob; Vasquez, Julio C

    2017-03-07

    Continued enlargement of the aneurysm sac after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a known risk after endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. For this reason, periodic outpatient follow-up is required to identify situations that require repair. Here, we describe an aortobronchial fistula (ABF) in a patient lost to follow-up, that presented 3 years after an elective TEVAR done for a primary, descending thoracic aortic aneurysm. Our patient arrived in extremis and suffered massive hemoptysis leading to her demise. Computed tomography (CT) angiogram near the time of her death demonstrated a bleeding ABF immediately distal to her previous TEVAR repair. Aortic aneurysmal disease remains life threatening even after repair. Improved endovascular techniques and devices have resulted in decreased need for reintervention. However, this case demonstrates the risk of thoracic aortic disease progression and highlights the importance of establishing consistent, long-term follow-up after TEVAR.

  15. Endovascular vs open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Nedeau, April E.; Pomposelli, Frank B.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Wyers, Mark C.; Hsu, Richard; Sachs, Teviah; Siracuse, Jeffrey J.; Schermerhorn, Mark L.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) has become first-line therapy at our institution and is performed under a standardized protocol. We compare perioperative mortality, midterm survival, and morbidity after EVAR and open surgical repair (OSR). Methods Records were retrospectively reviewed from May 2000 to September 2010 for repair of infrarenal rAAAs. Primary end points included perioperative mortality and midterm survival. Secondary end points included acute limb ischemia, length of stay, ventilator-dependent respiratory failure, myocardial infarction, renal failure, abdominal compartment syndrome, and secondary intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using the t-test,X2 test, the Fisher exact test, and logistic regression calculations. Midterm survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard models. Results Seventy-four infrarenal rAAAs were repaired, 19 by EVAR and 55 by OSR. Despite increased age and comorbidity in the EVAR patients, perioperative mortality was 15.7% for EVAR, which was significantly lower than the 49% for OSR (odds ratio, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.05-0.74; P = .008). Midterm survival also favored EVAR (hazard ratio, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.21-0.77; P = .028, adjusted for age and sex). Mean follow-up was 20 months, and 1-year survival was 60% for EVAR vs 45% for OSR. Mean length of stay for patients surviving >1 day was 10 days for EVAR and 21 days for OSR (P = .004). Ventilator-dependent respiratory failure was 5% in the EVAR group vs 42% for OSR (odds ratio, 0.08; 95% CI, 0.01-0.62; P = .001). Conclusions EVAR of rAAA has a superior perioperative survival advantage and decreased morbidity vs OSR. Although not statistically significant, overall survival favors EVAR. We recommend that EVAR be considered as the first-line treatment of rAAAs and practiced as the standard of care. PMID:22626871

  16. Sac Hygroma After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Successful Treatment with Endograft Relining

    SciTech Connect

    Ryu, Robert K. Palestrant, Sarah; Ryu, Jessica; Trachtenberg, Jeffrey

    2007-06-15

    Aneurysm sac expansion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is typically associated with endoleaks that can be readily diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography (CTA), ultrasound, or catheter-directed arteriography. Sac hygromas are a cause of sac expansion without apparent endoleak and are presumed to be a result of ultrafiltration of serum manifested by accumulation of fibrinous, gelatinous material within the aneurysm sac following EVAR. Although there are no reported associated ruptures, sac expansion is nevertheless disconcerting and intervention is presumably indicated. We report a case of an expanding aneurysm after EVAR secondary to sac hygroma that was successfully treated with relining of the existing, original endograft.

  17. Endovascular repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm followed by type B dissection.

    PubMed

    Shingaki, Masami; Kato, Masaaki; Motoki, Manabu; Kubo, Yoji; Isaji, Toshihiko; Okubo, Nobukazu

    2016-10-01

    An 86-year-old man with an abdominal aortic aneurysm was diagnosed with type B aortic dissection accompanied by a patent false lumen that started at the distal arch of the thoracic aorta and terminated at the left common iliac artery. Meticulous preoperative assessment detected 3 large intimal tears in the descending aorta, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and left common iliac artery. We performed single-stage thoracic and abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair and concomitant axillary-axillary bypass. The abdominal aortic aneurysm with type B aortic dissection was successfully treated using a single-stage endovascular stent graft, without any complications due to the careful preoperative examinations.

  18. Staged Hybrid Repair to Reduce the Risk of Spinal Cord Ischemia After Extensive Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Canaud, Ludovic; Gandet, Thomas; Ozdemir, Baris Ata; D'Annoville, Thomas; Marty-Ané, Charles; Alric, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    We hypothesized that staged repair of extensive thoracic aneurysms might mitigate the incidence and severity of spinal ischemia by facilitating structural remodeling of the spinal cord vasculature. Staged hybrid repair (in two or three stages) was undertaken in 7 patients with extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms. The 30-day mortality and spinal ischemia rates were 0%. The conceptual basis of staging extensive aortic repairs is the maintenance of adequate flow to a sufficient number of spinal arteries and that spinal perfusion is preserved during the early postoperative period when the patient is most vulnerable to hypotension, by deliberately allowing interval distal type I endoleak.

  19. Hybrid Procedure with Debranching from the Descending Aorta for Aortic Arch Aneurysm after Previous Open Repair.

    PubMed

    Zanow, Juergen; Breuer, Martin; Lopatta, Eric; Schelenz, Christoph; Settmacher, Utz

    2017-01-01

    Aortic arch aneurysms can be treated with hybrid procedures by endovascular exclusion and prior debranching of supra-aortic arteries. We report on a case of symptomatic arch aneurysm following previous supracoronary ascending aorta and hemiarch replacement with a very short proximal landing zone. A successful reconstruction was performed by retrograde revascularization of supra-aortic vessels from the descending aorta and subsequent endovascular repair deploying a proximal stent graft directly above the sinotubular junction with good results in the 4-year follow-up. Retrograde supra-aortic debranching may constitute a suitable approach for hybrid endovascular repair of aneurysms of the aortic arch and the ascending aorta in selected cases.

  20. Alternative Surgical Approach to Repairing a Giant Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Cucchietti, Cristina; Pisano, Calogera; Hyde, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    We report our method of surgically repairing an unruptured giant aneurysm of the right coronary sinus of Valsalva, a lesion that caused moderate aortic regurgitation but no symptoms in a 61-year-old woman. We excised the aneurysm, reconstructed the right sinus of Valsalva with use of a patch, performed mechanical aortic valve replacement directly through the excised aneurysm's cavity, and constructed a single bypass graft to the right coronary artery. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 5 days. Twelve months postoperatively, her clinical and echocardiographic results were normal, and she was doing well. To our knowledge, our surgical approach to this repair has not been described previously. PMID:27047284

  1. Hybrid Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair for Intercostal Patch Aneurysm after Thoracoabdominal Aortic Replacement.

    PubMed

    Kitahara, Hiroto; Yoshitake, Akihiro; Hachiya, Takashi; Okamoto, Kazuma; Hirano, Akinori; Kasai, Mio; Akamatsu, Yuta; Oka, Hidetoshi; Shimizu, Hideyuki

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair for intercostal patch aneurysm after thoracoabdominal aortic replacement. Eighteen years ago, a 63-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome had undergone thoracoabdominal aortic replacement with reimplantation of the intercostal artery in an island fashion. Follow-up computed tomography (CT) revealed a remaining intercostal patch aneurysm of diameter 60 mm 17 years after the last operation. Hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair for exclusion of this intercostal patch aneurysm was successfully performed, with visceral artery bypasses. Postoperative CT showed no anastomotic stenosis or endoleak.

  2. Endovascular Repair of Internal Mammary Artery Aneurysms in Two Sisters with SMAD3 Mutation.

    PubMed

    Nevidomskyte, Daiva; Shalhub, Sherene; Aldea, Gabriel S; Byers, Peter H; Schwarze, Ulrike; Murray, Mitzi L; Starnes, Benjamin

    2017-03-07

    True aneurysms of the internal mammary artery are rare and have been described in association with vasculitis or connective tissue disorders. Herein we describe two cases of familial internal mammary artery aneurysms in two sisters with SMAD3 mutation. The older sister presented at the age of 54 with an incidental diagnosis of a multilobed right internal mammary artery aneurysm (IMA) and the younger sister presented several years earlier with a ruptured left IMA aneurysm at the age of 49. Both sisters had Debakey type I aortic dissections prior to the IMA aneurysm presentation. To our knowledge this is the first time IMA aneurysms has been described in siblings with SMAD3 mutation. In our experience endovascular repair is a feasible and safe treatment option. An assessment of the entire arterial tree is recommended in patients diagnosed with SMAD3 mutations.

  3. Hybrid Decision Support System for Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair Follow-Up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Macía, Iván; Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; de Blas, Mariano

    An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm is an abnormal widening of the aortic vessel at abdominal level, and is usually diagnosed on the basis of radiological images. One of the techniques for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair is Endovascular Repair. The long-term outcome of this surgery is usually difficult to predict in the absence of clearly visible signs, such as leaks, in the images. In this paper, we present a hybrid system that combines data extracted from radiological images and data extracted from the Electronic Patient Record in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm after the intervention. The results show that the system proposed by this approach yields valuable qualitative and quantitative information for follow-up of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm patients after Endovascular Repair.

  4. Chronological Change of the Sac after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Min Hyun; Park, Hyung Sub; Ahn, Sanghyun; Min, Sang-Il; Min, Seung-Kee; Ha, Jongwon; Lee, Taeseung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential risk factors of type II endoleak and sac growth after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and the outcomes of secondary interventions. Materials and Methods: Ninety seven patients underwent elective EVAR for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms in two tertiary centers between April 2005 and July 2013. Clinical and imaging parameters were compared among sac growth (>5 mm) and non-growth groups. Risk factors associated with sac growth and persistent type II endoleak were analyzed. The outcomes of reinterventions for persistent type II endoleak were determined. Results: Sac growth was observed in 20 cases (20.6%) and endoleak was found in 90% of them compared to 28.6% (22/77) in the non-growth group (P<0.001). The majority of endoleaks were type II (36/40) and 80.5% were persistent. Sac diameter, neck diameter and number of patent accessory arteries were also statistically significant for sac growth. On multivariate analysis, grade of calcification at the neck, grade of mural thrombus at the inferior mesenteric artery and number of patent accessory arteries were risk factors of persistent type II endoleak. Twenty six reinterventions were done for 16 patients with persistent type II endoleak, with a technical success rate of 88.5%, yet 55.5% showed sac growth regardless of technical success. There were no ruptures during the follow-up period. Conclusion: Sac growth after EVAR was mostly associated with persistent type II endoleak. Secondary interventions using transarterial embolization is partially effective in achieving clinical success. PMID:28042554

  5. Fenestrated Endovascular Grafts for the Repair of Juxtarenal Aortic Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Executive Summary Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) allows the exclusion of the dilated aneurismal segment of the aorta from the systematic circulation. The procedure requires, however, that the endograft extends to the healthy parts of the aorta above and below the aneurysm, yet the neck of a juxtarenal aortic aneurysm (JRA) is too short for a standard endovascular repair. Fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (f—EVAR) provides a solution to overcome this problem by enabling the continuation of blood flow to the renal and visceral arteries through holes or ‘fenestrations’ in the graft. These fenestrations are designed to match the ostial diameter of the renal and visceral arteries. There are three varieties fenestration, small, large, and scallop, and their location needs to be customized to fit the anatomy of the patient. If the device is not properly designed, if the alignment is inaccurate, or if the catheterization of the visceral arteries is not possible, the procedure may fail. In such cases, conversion to open surgery may become the only option as fenestrated endografts are not retrievable. It is recommended that a stent be placed within each small fenestration to the target artery to prevent shuttering of the artery or occlusion. Many authors have noted an increased risk of vessel occlusion in unstented fenestrations and scallops. Once placed in a patient, life-long follow-up at regular intervals is necessary to ensure the graft remains in its intended location, and that the components have adequate overlap. Should the need arise, routine follow-up allows the performance of timely and appropriate intervention through detection of events that could impact the long-term outcomes. Alternative Technology The technique of fenestrated endovascular grafting is still in evolution and few studies have been with published mid-term outcome data. As the technique become more common in vascular surgery practices, it will be important to

  6. Percutaneous versus Femoral Cutdown Access for Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Buck, Dominique B.; Karthaus, Eleonora G.; Soden, Peter A.; Ultee, Klaas H. J.; van Herwaarden, Joost A.; Moll, Frans L.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Prior studies suggest that percutaneous access for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (pEVAR) offers significant operative and post-operative benefits compared to femoral cutdown (cEVAR). National data on this topic, however, are limited. We compared patient selection and outcomes for elective pEVAR and cEVAR. Methods We identified all patients undergoing either pEVAR (bilateral percutaneous access whether successful or not) or cEVAR (at least one planned groin cutdown) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), from January 2011 to December 2013 in the Targeted Vascular dataset from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. Emergent cases, ruptures, cases with an iliac conduit, and cases with a preoperative wound infection were excluded. Groups were compared using chi-square test or t-test or the Mann-Whitney test where appropriate. Results 4112 patients undergoing elective EVAR were identified; 3004 cEVAR (73%) and 1108 pEVAR (27%). Of all EVAR patients 26% had bilateral percutaneous access, 1.0% had attempted percutaneous access converted to cutdown (4% of pEVARs), while the remainder had a planned cutdown, 63.9% bilateral, and 9.1% unilateral. There were no significant differences in age, gender, aneurysm diameter or prior open abdominal surgery. Patients undergoing cEVAR were less likely to have congestive heart failure (1.5% vs. 2.4%, P=0.04) but more likely to undergo any concomitant procedure during surgery (32% vs. 26%, P<.01) than patients undergoing pEVAR. Postoperatively, pEVAR patients had shorter operative time (mean 135 vs. 152 minutes, P<.01), shorter length of stay (median 1 day vs. 2 days, P<.01), and fewer wound complications (2.1% vs. 1.0%, P=0.02). On multivariable analysis the only predictor of percutaneous access failure was performance of any concomitant procedure (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.0–4.0, P=0.04). Conclusions Currently, 1 in 4 patients treated at Targeted Vascular

  7. Underutilization of Routine Ultrasound Surveillance after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Mell, Matthew W; Garg, Trit; Baker, Laurence C

    2017-10-01

    Since 2009, the Society for Vascular Surgery has advocated annual surveillance imaging with ultrasound (US) after the first postoperative year for uncomplicated endovascular aneurysm repairs (EVARs). We sought to describe diffusion of US into long-term routine surveillance and to estimate potential cost savings among Medicare beneficiaries after EVAR. Using Medicare claims data, we identified patients receiving EVAR from 2002 to 2010 and included only those who did not subsequently have reinterventions, late aneurysm-related complications, or death. We collected all relevant postoperative imaging (computed tomography [CT] and US) through 2011. Patients with follow-up less than 1 year were excluded. We estimated cost savings with increased use of US after the first postoperative year. The cohort comprised 24,615 patients with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 2.3 years. Mean number of images decreased from 2.23 in the first postoperative year to 0.31 in the 10th year. Utilization of US at the first postoperative year remained low but increased from 15.2% in 2003 to 28.8% in 2011 (P < 0.001). By the 10th postoperative year, the proportion of patients receiving US increased from 8.2% to 37.8%, while use of CT only remained high but decreased from 60.8% to 42.1%. Mean cost of surveillance imaging was $2,132/CT and $234/US. Performing US in 50-75% of patients beginning 1 year after EVAR would decrease costs by 14-48%/year. This translates to a mean cost savings of $338-$1135 per imaged patient per year, with an estimated savings to Medicare of $155 million to $305 million over 10 years. CT remains the primary modality of surveillance for up to 10 years after EVAR for patients without reinterventions or aneurysm-related complications. Increasing the use of US and decreasing the use of CT would save cost without compromising outcomes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Effect of improved endograft design on outcome of endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Torella, Francesco

    2004-08-01

    This study was undertaken to identify factors that lead to improvements in the results of endovascular aneurysm repair, with particular focus on new endograft design. We analyzed data for patients enrolled in the European Collaborators on Stent Graft Techniques for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EUROSTAR) registry, and compared those for endografts now withdrawn from the market with those for endografts currently in use. Patients in whom a variety of endograft types were used in small numbers were excluded. Postoperative and long-term outcomes were initially compared with univariate analyses, and subsequently multivariate tests were used to adjust for baseline differences between the 2 groups. The main outcome measures were freedom from a variety of secondary interventions, aneurysm rupture, and death. Some 1224 patients received "withdrawn" endografts, and 2768 patients received "current" endografts. The 2 groups were generally similar, but patients with current devices were more often men, significantly older, more frequently unfit for open surgery, and had larger aneurysms with wider necks. Of no surprise, current endografts were also more often used by experienced (>60 previous cases) surgical teams (44% vs 20%; P <.0001). Thirty-day clinical outcomes were comparable in the 2 groups, although patients with withdrawn devices were less likely to have type II endoleak (9.2% vs 5.5%; P <.0001), and those with current devices had a shorter mean hospital stay (5.4 vs 6.8 days; P <.0001). At 3 years more patients with current devices were free from secondary transfemoral intervention (88.4% vs 76%; P <.0001) and conversion to open repair (95.4% vs 93.4%; P =.007). Aneurysm-related mortality at 3 years, defined as death due to aneurysm rupture or within 30 days of a secondary intervention, was also less frequent with current endografts (2.7% vs 4.4%; P =.02). Aneurysm rupture at 3 years was infrequent (0.8% vs 1.8%; P =.07). At multivariate analysis the use of

  9. Successful Treatment of Clostridium difficile Bacteremia with Aortic Mycotic Aneurysm in a Patient with Prior Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Brauch, Rebecca; Cherabuddi, Kartikeya

    2017-01-01

    The clinical spectrum of Clostridium difficile infection can range from benign gastrointestinal colonization to mild diarrhea and life threatening conditions such as pseudomembranous colitis and toxic megacolon. Extraintestinal manifestations of C. difficile are rare. Here, we report a patient with a history of an endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) presenting with an endovascular leak complicated by C. difficile bacteremia and a mycotic aneurysm. He was successfully treated with an explant of the EVAR, an aorto-left renal bypass, and aorto-bi-iliac bypass graft placement along with a six-week duration of intravenous vancomycin and oral metronidazole. PMID:28348903

  10. Maximum Diameter Measurements of Aortic Aneurysms on Axial CT Images After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Sufficient for Follow-up?

    SciTech Connect

    Baumueller, Stephan Nguyen, Thi Dan Linh Goetti, Robert Paul; Lachat, Mario; Seifert, Burkhardt; Pfammatter, Thomas Frauenfelder, Thomas

    2011-12-15

    Purpose: To assess the accuracy of maximum diameter measurements of aortic aneurysms after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on axial computed tomographic (CT) images in comparison to maximum diameter measurements perpendicular to the intravascular centerline for follow-up by using three-dimensional (3D) volume measurements as the reference standard. Materials and Methods: Forty-nine consecutive patients (73 {+-} 7.5 years, range 51-88 years), who underwent EVAR of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm were retrospectively included. Two blinded readers twice independently measured the maximum aneurysm diameter on axial CT images performed at discharge, and at 1 and 2 years after intervention. The maximum diameter perpendicular to the centerline was automatically measured. Volumes of the aortic aneurysms were calculated by dedicated semiautomated 3D segmentation software (3surgery, 3mensio, the Netherlands). Changes in diameter of 0.5 cm and in volume of 10% were considered clinically significant. Intra- and interobserver agreements were calculated by intraclass correlations (ICC) in a random effects analysis of variance. The two unidimensional measurement methods were correlated to the reference standard. Results: Intra- and interobserver agreements for maximum aneurysm diameter measurements were excellent (ICC = 0.98 and ICC = 0.96, respectively). There was an excellent correlation between maximum aneurysm diameters measured on axial CT images and 3D volume measurements (r = 0.93, P < 0.001) as well as between maximum diameter measurements perpendicular to the centerline and 3D volume measurements (r = 0.93, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Measurements of maximum aneurysm diameters on axial CT images are an accurate, reliable, and robust method for follow-up after EVAR and can be used in daily routine.

  11. Sac enlargement due to seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with the Endologix PowerLink device.

    PubMed

    Nano, Giovanni; Dalainas, Ilias; Bianchi, Paolo G; Gotti, Riccardo; Casana, Renato; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-01-01

    A patient who had undergone endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with the Endologix PowerLink bifurcated system presented with delayed aortic aneurysm enlargement due to assumed endotension. He was treated with aortic sac evacuation and wrapping of the endograft. This is the first report of endotension and aneurysm sac enlargement after implantation of the PowerLink endograft.

  12. Treatment of a Persistent False Lumen with Aneurysm Formation Following Surgical Repair of Type A Dissection

    SciTech Connect

    Jeganathan, Reubendra Kennedy, Peter; MacGowan, Simon

    2007-06-15

    We describe the case of a 68-year-old man who developed aneurysmal dilatation of the proximal descending thoracic aorta 8 years after repair of a type A dissection. The aneurysm was due to an anastomotic leak at the distal end of the previous repair in the ascending aorta with antegrade perfusion of the false lumen. Surgical repair of the anastomotic leak partially obliterated the false lumen and computed tomography scan demonstrated thrombosis in a large proportion of the false lumen aneurysm. Follow-up with surveillance scans showed persistent filling of this aneurysm due to retrograde flow of blood within the false lumen. Coil embolization of the false lumen within the thoracic aorta was performed which successfully thrombosed the aneurysm with a reduction in diameter. Late aneurysm formation may complicate type A dissection repairs during follow-up due to a persistent false lumen, especially if there is an anastomotic leak. This case report describes a strategy to deal with this difficult clinical problem.

  13. Coagulopathy associated with sac reperfusion for reversing paraplegia after endovascular repair of type II thoracoabdominal aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Lioupis, Christos; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Clough, Rachel; Matharu, Nick; Modarai, Bijan; Carrell, Tom; Taylor, Peter

    2013-11-01

    Sac perfusion may be helpful in preventing or reversing spinal cord injury after endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms and it has been used as an adjunct to the standard physiologic measures of sustained hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid drainage. Coagulopathy as a result of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair has been reported, and very rare cases of treatment after repair of these endoleaks have been described. We report a 73-year-old man who had endovascular repair of a type II thoracoabdominal aneurysm with a branched stent graft. Sac reperfusion was initiated to manage postoperative paraplegia. The paraplegia partially resolved but severe hemorrhagic complications developed that were attributed to sac perfusion-related hyperfibrinolysis. Discontinuation of sac perfusion resolved the coagulopathy but resulted in paraplegia. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. First long-term evidence supporting endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Indes, Jeffrey E; Muhs, Bart E; Dardik, Alan

    2013-04-01

    The traditional method of treating abdominal aortic aneurysms with open surgical repair has been steadily replaced by endovascular repair, thought to be a more minimally invasive approach. It is not known, however, whether the endovascular approach is truly less invasive for operative physiology; in addition, this approach has a different spectrum of complications. As such, it is uncertain whether elective endovascular repair of nonruptured aortic aneurysms reduces long-term morbidity and mortality compared with traditional open approaches. In this article, the authors evaluate a recent publication investigating long-term outcomes of a prospective randomized multicenter trial evaluating patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with either endovascular or open repair, and discuss the results in the context of current evidence.

  15. The effect of anatomical factors on mortality rates after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Ay, D; Erdolu, B; Yumun, G; Demir, A; Aydin, U; Ozkan, H; Erkoc, K; Tiryakioglu, O

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of anatomical characteristics on mortality rates after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We investigated 56 EVAR procedures for infrarenal aortic aneurysms performed between January 2010 and December 2013, and the data were supplemented with a prospective review. The patients were divided into two groups according to the diameter of the aneurysm. Group I (n = 30): patients with aneurysm diameters less than 6 cm, group II (n = 26): patients with aneurysm diameters larger than 6 cm. The pre-operative anatomical data of the aneurysms were noted and the groups were compared with regard to postoperative results. There were no correlations between diameter of aneurysm (p > 0.05), aneurysm neck angle (p > 0.05) and mortality rate. The long-term mortality rate was found to be high in patients in whom an endoleak occurred. We found that aneurysm diameter did not have an effect on postoperative mortality rates. An increased EuroSCORE value and the development of endoleaks had an effect on long-term mortality rates.

  16. Outcomes Following Limb Crossing in Endovascular Aneurysm Repairs.

    PubMed

    Dattani, Nikesh; Wild, John; Sidloff, David; Fishwick, Guy; Bown, Matthew; Choke, Edward; Sayers, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Crossing the limbs of the stent during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is often used to aid cannulation of the contralateral limb. This study assessed outcomes following the use of this technique. Retrospective review of crossed (n = 43) and uncrossed (n = 269) EVARs was performed at a tertiary vascular center over 5 years. Primary end points were graft limb occlusion (GLO), endoleak, and sac expansion rates. Indications for limb crossing were also assessed. Two-year GLO (P = .34) and type 1 endoleak (P = .413) rates were similar between groups. Patients undergoing crossed EVAR experienced more type 2 endoleaks (P = .002) at 24 months but no increase in sac expansion rates was observed (P = .275). Thirty-day (P = .57) and late (P = .268) mortalities were similar between groups. The main indication for limb crossing was distal aortic angulation (48.8%). Crossed EVAR does not increase the risk of GLOs or clinically significant endoleaks. Further studies are needed to determine the effect on type 2 endoleak rates. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Systemic Inflammatory Response and Severe Thrombocytopenia after Endovascular Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Silvestrin, Valentina; Bonvini, Stefano; Antonello, Michele; Grego, Franco; Vettor, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    After Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm, a systemic inflammatory response, named postimplantation syndrome, can develop. This syndrome is characterized by fever, leukocytosis, and elevated CRP plasma levels and its pathogenetic mechanisms are still unknown. Although this syndrome generally resolves within few days, some patients develop a persisting severe inflammatory reaction leading to mild or severe complications. Here we describe the case of a male patient who developed postimplantation inflammatory syndrome and severe thrombocytopenia after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm. Treatment with prednisone (50 mg/bid) for two weeks did not improve the clinical and laboratory findings. We utilized danazol, a weak androgen that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of immune and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, and after 12 days of treatment with danazol (200 mg/bid), the patient improved progressively and platelet number increased up to 53,000/μL. Patients undergoing endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm should be carefully monitored for the development of postimplantation syndrome. This clinical condition is relatively common after the endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm but is rarely observed after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms. The different known therapeutical approaches are still empiric, with reported beneficial effects with the use of NSAID, corticosteroids, and danazol. PMID:28154580

  18. Indications for the use of temporary arterial occlusion during aneurysm repair: an institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Eftekhar, Behzad; Morgan, Michael Kerin

    2011-07-01

    This study was undertaken to determine variables that could predict, in the preoperative period, the likelihood for the need for intraoperative temporary arterial occlusion using clips (temporary clipping) when surgically repairing intracranial aneurysms. Data collected prospectively between October 1989 and March 2010 of 1129 unruptured intracranial aneurysms in 934 patients who were managed surgically was examined retrospectively. Temporary clipping was used in 400 patients (35.4%). Regression analysis of putative predictive variables revealed that aneurysms of a larger size, irregular fundus shape or midline location were more likely to be treated with temporary clipping. Basilar caput aneurysms larger than 10mm were always managed with temporary clipping. There was no combination of factors studied that consistently predicted that temporary clipping would not be needed. Therefore, the potential need for temporary clipping must be considered for every patient with an aneurysm.

  19. Interposition vein graft for giant coronary aneurysm repair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Firstenberg, M. S.; Azoury, F.; Lytle, B. W.; Thomas, J. D.

    2000-01-01

    Coronary aneurysms in adults are rare. Surgical treatment is often concomitant to treating obstructing coronary lesions. However, the ideal treatment strategy is poorly defined. We present a case of successful treatment of a large coronary artery aneurysm with a reverse saphenous interposition vein graft. This modality offers important benefits over other current surgical and percutaneous techniques and should be considered as an option for patients requiring treatment for coronary aneurysms.

  20. Interposition vein graft for giant coronary aneurysm repair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Firstenberg, M. S.; Azoury, F.; Lytle, B. W.; Thomas, J. D.

    2000-01-01

    Coronary aneurysms in adults are rare. Surgical treatment is often concomitant to treating obstructing coronary lesions. However, the ideal treatment strategy is poorly defined. We present a case of successful treatment of a large coronary artery aneurysm with a reverse saphenous interposition vein graft. This modality offers important benefits over other current surgical and percutaneous techniques and should be considered as an option for patients requiring treatment for coronary aneurysms.

  1. A New Murine Model of Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Rouer, Martin; Meilhac, Olivier; Delbosc, Sandrine; Louedec, Liliane; Pavon-Djavid, Graciela; Cross, Jane; Legagneux, Josette; Bouilliant-Linet, Maxime; Michel, Jean-Baptiste; Alsac, Jean-Marc

    2013-01-01

    Endovascular aneurysm exclusion is a validated technique to prevent aneurysm rupture. Long-term results highlight technique limitations and new aspects of Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) pathophysiology. There is no abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft exclusion model cheap and reproducible, which would allow deep investigations of AAA before and after treatment. We hereby describe how to induce, and then to exclude with a covered coronary stentgraft an abdominal aortic aneurysm in a rat. The well known elastase induced AAA model was first reported in 19901 in a rat, then described in mice2. Elastin degradation leads to dilation of the aorta with inflammatory infiltration of the abdominal wall and intra luminal thrombus, matching with human AAA. Endovascular exclusion with small covered stentgraft is then performed, excluding any interactions between circulating blood and the aneurysm thrombus. Appropriate exclusion and stentgraft patency is confirmed before euthanasia by an angiography thought the left carotid artery. Partial control of elastase diffusion makes aneurysm shape different for each animal. It is difficult to create an aneurysm, which will allow an appropriate length of aorta below the aneurysm for an easy stentgraft introduction, and with adequate proximal and distal neck to prevent endoleaks. Lots of failure can result to stentgraft introduction which sometimes lead to aorta tear with pain and troubles to stitch it, and endothelial damage with post op aorta thrombosis. Giving aspirin to rats before stentgraft implantation decreases failure rate without major hemorrhage. Clamping time activates neutrophils, endothelium and platelets, and may interfere with biological analysis. PMID:23851958

  2. Quality Improvement Guidelines for Imaging Detection and Treatment of Endoleaks following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Rand, T.; Uberoi, R.; Cil, B.; Munneke, G.; Tsetis, D.

    2013-02-15

    Major concerns after aortic aneurysm repair are caused by the presence of endoleaks, which are defined as persistent perigraft flow within the aortic aneurysm sac. Diagnosis of endoleaks can be performed with various imaging modalities, and indications for treatment are based on further subclassifications. Early detection and correct classification of endoleaks are crucial for planning patient management. The vast majority of endoleaks can be treated successfully by interventional means. Guidelines for Imaging Detection and Treatment of endoleaks are described in this article.

  3. Mycotic aneurysm in a child with history of coarctation of the aorta repair

    PubMed Central

    Restrepo, M Santiago; Turek, Joseph W; Reinking, Benjamin; Bergen, Nicholas Von

    2014-01-01

    A mycotic aneurysm is a rare condition occasionally seen in patients with a history of prior cardiac or vascular surgery. Here we report the presentation of a mycotic aneurysm in a pediatric patient at the site of prior aortic coarctation repair. This patient's initial presentation suggested rheumatologic or oncologic disease, and after diagnosis he continued to show evidence of splenic, renal and vascular injury distal to the mycotic aneurysm site while being treated with antibiotics. We discuss the diagnosis, treatment and management of this condition. PMID:24987262

  4. Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: vascular anatomy, device selection, procedure, and procedure-specific complications.

    PubMed

    Bryce, Yolanda; Rogoff, Philip; Romanelli, Donald; Reichle, Ralph

    2015-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is abnormal dilatation of the aorta, carrying a substantial risk of rupture and thereby marked risk of death. Open repair of AAA involves lengthy surgery time, anesthesia, and substantial recovery time. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) provides a safer option for patients with advanced age and pulmonary, cardiac, and renal dysfunction. Successful endovascular repair of AAA depends on correct selection of patients (on the basis of their vascular anatomy), choice of the correct endoprosthesis, and familiarity with the technique and procedure-specific complications. The type of aneurysm is defined by its location with respect to the renal arteries, whether it is a true or false aneurysm, and whether the common iliac arteries are involved. Vascular anatomy can be divided more technically into aortic neck, aortic aneurysm, pelvic perfusion, and iliac morphology, with grades of difficulty with respect to EVAR, aortic neck morphology being the most common factor to affect EVAR appropriateness. When choosing among the devices available on the market, one must consider the patient's vascular anatomy and choose between devices that provide suprarenal fixation versus those that provide infrarenal fixation. A successful technique can be divided into preprocedural imaging, ancillary procedures before AAA stent-graft placement, the procedure itself, postprocedural medical therapy, and postprocedural imaging surveillance. Imaging surveillance is important in assessing complications such as limb thrombosis, endoleaks, graft migration, enlargement of the aneurysm sac, and rupture. Last, one must consider the issue of radiation safety with regard to EVAR.

  5. Superior mesenteric artery outcomes after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Lala, Salim; Knowles, Martyn; Timaran, David; Baig, Mirza Shadman; Valentine, James; Timaran, Carlos

    2016-09-01

    The Zenith (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) fenestrated endovascular graft may be designed with single-wide scallops or large fenestrations to address the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Misalignment of the SMA with an unstented scallop or a large fenestration is possible. This study assessed SMA outcomes after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR). During an 18-month period, 47 FEVARs were performed at a single institution. For analysis, patients were grouped according to unstented (n = 23) vs stented (n = 24) SMA scallops/fenestrations. The Institutional Review Board approved this single-institution observational study. Because this was a retrospective review of the data, patient consent was unnecessary for the study. Technical success for FEVAR was 100%. The median follow-up period was 7.7 months (range, 1-16 months). Nine of 21 patients (43%) in the unstented group had some degree of misalignment of the SMA (range, 9%-71%). Among these, four patients (44%) developed complications: three SMA stenoses and one occlusion. The mean peak systolic velocity in patients with and without SMA misalignment was 317.8 cm/s vs 188.4 cm/s (P < .08), respectively. No misalignment occurred in the stented group, and only one of 19 patients (5%) developed an SMA stenosis that required angioplasty. Overall, patients with unstented SMAs had significantly more adverse events directly attributable to SMA misalignment than the stented group (44% vs 5%, respectively; P < .05). Misalignment of the SMA with the use of unstented unreinforced scallops or fenestrations occurs frequently. Routine stenting of single-wide and large fenestrations, when feasible, may be a safer option for patients undergoing FEVAR. Copyright © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Long-term comparison of endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Lederle, Frank A; Freischlag, Julie A; Kyriakides, Tassos C; Matsumura, Jon S; Padberg, Frank T; Kohler, Ted R; Kougias, Panagiotis; Jean-Claude, Jessie M; Cikrit, Dolores F; Swanson, Kathleen M

    2012-11-22

    Whether elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm reduces long-term morbidity and mortality, as compared with traditional open repair, remains uncertain. We randomly assigned 881 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms who were candidates for both procedures to either endovascular repair (444) or open repair (437) and followed them for up to 9 years (mean, 5.2). Patients were selected from 42 Veterans Affairs medical centers and were 49 years of age or older at the time of registration. More than 95% of the patients underwent the assigned repair. For the primary outcome of all-cause mortality, 146 deaths occurred in each group (hazard ratio with endovascular repair versus open repair, 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 1.22; P=0.81). The previously reported reduction in perioperative mortality with endovascular repair was sustained at 2 years (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.98; P=0.04) and at 3 years (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.51 to 1.00; P=0.05) but not thereafter. There were 10 aneurysm-related deaths in the endovascular-repair group (2.3%) versus 16 in the open-repair group (3.7%) (P=0.22). Six aneurysm ruptures were confirmed in the endovascular-repair group versus none in the open-repair group (P=0.03). A significant interaction was observed between age and type of treatment (P=0.006); survival was increased among patients under 70 years of age in the endovascular-repair group but tended to be better among those 70 years of age or older in the open-repair group. Endovascular repair and open repair resulted in similar long-term survival. The perioperative survival advantage with endovascular repair was sustained for several years, but rupture after repair remained a concern. Endovascular repair led to increased long-term survival among younger patients but not among older patients, for whom a greater benefit from the endovascular approach had been expected. (Funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of

  7. Outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair performed in abdominal aortic aneurysms with large infrarenal necks.

    PubMed

    Gargiulo, Mauro; Gallitto, Enrico; Wattez, Helene; Verzini, Fabio; Bianchini Massoni, Claudio; Loschi, Diletta; Freyrie, Antonio; Haulon, Stephan

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate midterm clinical and morphologic outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with large (≥28 mm) infrarenal neck. From 2009 to 2012, we prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed clinical, morphologic, and intraoperative and postoperative data of patients undergoing EVAR for wide-neck AAA at three European vascular surgery units. All patients had computed tomography angiography follow-up of ≥24 months. The early end points were technical success and proximal type I endoleak at 30 days. The midterm end points were type Ia endoleak, freedom from reintervention (FFR), survival, AAA-related mortality, and infrarenal and suprarenal aortic diameter progression. The aortic diameters were measured on three-dimensional workstation center lumen line reconstructions, 1 cm below the lowest renal artery, at the level of the renal arteries, at the superior mesenteric artery, and at the celiac trunk. Preoperative and 24-month aortic diameters were compared by paired t-test. Survival and FFR were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. During the study period, 118 patients (74 ± 8 years) were enrolled. The mean aneurysm diameter was 61 ± 10 mm. Suprarenal and infrarenal fixation endografts were implanted in 102 (86%) and 16 (14%) patients, respectively. The mean main body oversizing was 17% ± 9%. Technical success rate was 98% (three type Ia endoleaks at 30 days). The mean follow-up was 38 ± 12 months. Fourteen type Ia endoleaks (12%) were detected during follow-up. Survival at 3 years and 5 years was 89% and 70%, respectively. Four deaths (3.4%) were type Ia endoleak related. FFR at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years was 96%, 83%, and 82%, respectively. Eight reinterventions (7%) were proximal neck related. All infrarenal and suprarenal aortic diameters increased at 24 months. The mean increase was 11% for the lowest renal artery (29.1 ± 1.1 mm preoperatively vs 32.3 ± 4

  8. Transapical endovascular aortic aneurysm repair in a patient with shaggy aorta syndrome.

    PubMed

    Murakami, Takashi; Kawatani, Yohei; Nakamura, Yoshitsugu; Hori, Takaki

    2015-05-01

    We report a case of a 68-year-old man with a large saccular aneurysm (70 mm) of the aortic arch. Although abundant atherosclerotic plaques or mural thrombi are generally considered to be a contraindication for endovascular repair, the patient's multiple comorbidities and anatomic limitations with a patent internal thoracic artery graft adjacent to the aneurysm made him unfit for open repair. Transapical deployment of the endograft through the less-diseased ascending aorta, with a concomitant chimney graft and carotid-carotid bypass, was performed, without evident stroke or embolism.

  9. Thoracic aorta aneurysm open repair in heart transplant recipient; the anesthesiologist's perspective

    PubMed Central

    Monaco, Fabrizio; Oriani, Alessandro; De Luca, Monica; Bignami, Elena; Sala, Alessandra; Chiesa, Roberto; Melissano, Germano; Zangrillo, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Many years following transplantation, heart transplant recipients may require noncardiac major surgeries. Anesthesia in such patients may be challenging due to physiological and pharmacological problems regarding allograft denervation and difficult immunosuppressive management. Massive hemorrhage, hypoperfusion, renal, respiratory failure, and infections are some of the most frequent complications related to thoracic aorta aneurysm repair. Understanding how to optimize hemodynamic and infectious risks may have a substantial impact on the outcome. This case report aims at discussing risk stratification and anesthetic management of a 54-year-old heart transplant female recipient, affected by Marfan syndrome, undergoing thoracic aorta aneurysm repair. PMID:26750703

  10. Long-term durability of open thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Fischbein, Michael P; Miller, D Craig

    2009-06-01

    Results of open surgical repair of descending and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms have improved dramatically over the years. Nevertheless, while adjunctive protective strategies, such as spinal cord drainage and distal aortic perfusion, have improved outcomes, clinical challenges remain. In the current era, thoracic aortic surgeons must possess both open and endovascular stent-graft capabilities to offer these complex patients the most optimal and individualized treatment approach. Herein we summarize the contemporary outcomes of open surgical repair of patients with either descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, focusing on the risk of complications and means for preventing their occurrence.

  11. Utilization of a tubularized cormatrix extracellular matrix for repair of an arteriovenous fistula aneurysm.

    PubMed

    DuBose, Joseph J; Azizzadeh, Ali

    2015-02-01

    Salvage of failing autogenous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access sites is a primary concern in dialysis access preservation and a key emphasis of the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative. Aneurysmal degeneration of autogenenous fistulae represents a significant complication, associated with potential skin breakdown, rupture, infection, and access loss. The utilization of conduits derived from extracellular matrix (ECM), currently approved for cardiovascular repairs, may mitigate some of the risks associated with salvage using synthetic materials. We report the utilization of a tubularized CorMatrix(®) ECM graft as a novel conduit for repair of a brachiocephalic AVF aneurysm. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with visceral arteries intermittent clamp technique for descending thoracic aortic aneurysm with shaggy aorta.

    PubMed

    Igarashi, Takashi; Takase, Shinya; Satokawa, Hirono; Misawa, Yukitoki; Wakamatsu, Hiroki; Yokoyama, Hitoshi

    2013-10-01

    Aortic repair for severely atheromatous aneurysm remains a challenge. We used an intermittent clamp technique for all visceral arteries during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for a thoracic aortic aneurysm with a "shaggy aorta" to prevent systemic thromboembolism. In addition, we applied an extracorporeal circulation circuit to trap the thrombi during the endovascular repair. Postoperatively, no embolic complications were seen, and microscopic examination showed trapped plaques on the filter. We conclude that this technique is an option for preventing thromboembolism in aortic aneurysm repair in the context of a shaggy aorta when substantial concern of distal diffuse atheromatous emboli is raised based on clinical history or clear evidence on imaging.

  13. Results of repair of iliac artery aneurysms with the sandwich technique

    PubMed Central

    Shutze, Ryan A.; Oglesby, Wes; Lee, Allen

    2017-01-01

    Patients undergoing endovascular repair (EVAR) of aortoiliac or iliac artery aneurysm may require sacrifice of one or both internal iliac arteries (IIAs). Until Food and Drug Administration–approved commercial grafts became available, endovascular IIA preservation was accomplished using the “sandwich” technique, but limited information is available regarding the results of this method. After obtaining institutional review board approval, we identified patients undergoing IIA preservation with the sandwich technique during EVAR at our institution. The patients have been followed prospectively since being identified to record patency rates and vascular symptoms or events. Twenty-four procedures were performed from 2011 through 2015 to treat iliac artery aneurysms. Fourteen of these procedures were done with concomitant EVAR using different endografts (Gore Excluder 11, Endologix AFX 2, Cook Zenith 1). Five were done to extend a previous EVAR that had developed a type Ib endoleak, 2 for an isolated external iliac artery aneurysm, 3 for an anastomotic aneurysm from a previous aortobiiliac graft, and 2 for isolated iliac aneurysm repair. There were 25 sandwich grafts (unilateral in 19, bilateral in 6). Contralateral embolization was performed in 5 cases. Immediate success rates were high, and patency rates were excellent at intermediate follow-up. Intraoperative type 3 endoleaks were not uncommon but usually resolved postoperatively. Endovascular IIA preservation is feasible with currently available devices using this technique. This procedure is recommended for preservation of the IIA during endovascular treatment of aortoiliac and iliac artery aneurysms when anatomy requires IIA preservation. PMID:28127120

  14. Sideways displacement of the endograft within the aneurysm sac is associated with late adverse events after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Waasdorp, Evert J; Gorrepati, Madhu L; Rafii, Benjamin Y; de Vries, Jean-Paul P M; Zarins, Christopher K

    2012-04-01

    Previous studies have shown the importance of proximal and distal endograft fixation. There is little information on the middle, unsupported section of endograft within the aneurysm sac. We quantified sideways movement of the endograft within the aneurysm sac and correlated it to late adverse events. Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair with a suprarenal or infrarenal endograft between January 1997 and December 2007 were analyzed for sideways endograft movement. Patients were included if they had a digital preoperative computed tomography angiogram (CTA), a postoperative CTA within 3 months after the index procedure, and at least one follow-up CTA thereafter with a minimal time interval of 6 months. The endograft position within the aneurysm sac was quantitated on cross-sectional images using a fixed vertebral body reference point. Patients with change in endograft position ≥5 mm were placed in the sideways displacement (SD) group and compared with patients with no displacement (ND; <5 mm change in position). The relationship between sideways endograft movement and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR)-related complications were noted for AAA rupture, AAA-related death, conversion, secondary procedures, AAA growth (≥5 mm), proximal migration (≥10 mm), and new onset of type I or III endoleaks. The study included 144 patients (mean age, 76 ± 7.6 years). Mean follow-up time was 43 ± 27 months. Fifty patients (35%) had sideways endograft movement ≥5 mm during follow-up. Baseline AAA diameter was larger (SD 60 ± 9 mm vs ND 57 ± 9 mm; P < .05) and proximal and iliac endograft fixation lengths were shorter (SD 18 ± 8 mm vs ND 24 ± 11 mm; P < .05 and SD 35 ± 14 vs ND 42 ± 16 mm; P < .05) in patients with sideways endograft displacement. There was no significant difference between the groups in AAA rupture and AAA-related death (one fatal AAA rupture, ND group). SD patients had a higher surgical conversion rate (10% vs 0

  15. A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis of Inflammatory Response With Endovascular Aneurysm Sealing vs Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Berg, Patrick; Stroetges, Roland A; Miller, Larry E; Schoefferle, Jochen

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the risk of postimplantation syndrome associated with endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). From December 2013 to May 2015, 41 AAA patients treated with EVAS (mean age 72±9 years; 38 men) and 63 with EVAR (mean age 74±10 years; 55 men) at a single center were retrospectively reviewed. To control for treatment selection bias, propensity score matching was used to compare outcomes by treatment mode. Main outcomes were postimplantation syndrome (defined as temperature >38°C and leukocyte count >12,000/µL), inflammatory response markers [platelets and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)], and clinical complications through 30 days. In 39 matched patients per group, the incidences of postimplantation syndrome (p=0.07), mean body temperature (p=0.05), mean leukocyte count (p=0.003), and mean hs-CRP (p<0.001) were proportionally lower with EVAS vs EVAR. Serious adverse events (0% vs 12.8%, p=0.05) and endoleaks (0% vs 10.3%, p=0.13) through 30 days were less frequent with EVAS, but the group differences were not significantly different. The choice of endovascular graft material influenced postoperative and 30-day clinical outcomes, with greater overall risk observed with polyester stent-grafts. Endovascular aneurysm sealing is associated with a blunted systematic inflammatory response compared with EVAR. Polyester stent-grafts induce the greatest periprocedural inflammatory response.

  16. Logistic considerations for a successful institutional approach to the endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Dieter; Rancic, Zoran; Pfammatter, Thomas; Hechelhammer, Lukas; Veith, Frank J; Donas, Konstantin; Lachat, Mario

    2010-01-01

    The value of emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the setting of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm remains controversial owing to differing results. However, interpretation of published results remains difficult as there is a lack of generally accepted protocols or standard operating procedures. Furthermore, such protocols and standard operating procedures often are reported incompletely or not at all, thereby making interpretation of results difficult. We herein report our integrated logistic system for the endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Important components of this system are prehospital logistics, in-hospital treatment logistics, and aftercare. Further studies should include details about all of these components, and a description of these logistic components must be included in all future studies of emergency EVAR for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

  17. Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Repair (EVAR) in Iran: Descriptive Midterm Follow-up Results

    PubMed Central

    Haji Zeinali, Ali Mohammad; Marzban, Mehrab; Zafarghandi, Mohammadreza; Shirzad, Mahmood; Shirani, Shapour; Mahmoodian, Roshanak; Sheikhvatan, Mehrdad; Lotfi-Tokaldany, Masoumeh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Endovascular repair of aorta in comparison to open surgery has a low early operative mortality rate, but its long-term results are uncertain. Objectives: The current study describes for the first time our initial four-year experience of elective endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) at Tehran heart center, the first and a major referral heart center in Iran, as a pioneer of EVAR in Iran. Patients and Methods: A total of 51 patients (46 men) who had the diagnosis of either an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) (n = 36), thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) (n = 7), or thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) (n = 8) who had undergone EVAR by Medtronic stent grafts by our team between December 2006 and June 2009 were reviewed. Results: The rate of in-hospital aneurysm-related deaths in the group with AAA stood at 2.8% (one case), while there was no in-hospital mortality in the other groups. All patients were followed up for 13-18 months. The cumulative death rate in follow-up was nine cases from the total 51 cases (18%), out of which six cases were in the AAA group (four patients due to non-cardiac causes and two patients due to aneurysm-related causes), one case in the TAA group (following a severe hemoptysis), and two cases in the TAD group (following an expansion of dissection from re-entrance). The major event-free survival rate was 80.7% for endovascular repair of AAA, 85.7% for endovascular repair of TAA, and 65.6% for endovascular repair of TAD. Conclusion: The endovascular stent-graft repair of the abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection had high technical success rates in tandem with low-rate early mortality and morbidity, short hospital stay, and acceptable mid-term free symptom survival among Iranian patients. PMID:27110330

  18. Total laparorobotic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with sac exclusion obliteration and aortobifemoral bypass.

    PubMed

    Wu, Timothy; Prema, Jateen; Zagaja, Gregory; Shalhav, Arieh; Bassiouny, Hisham S

    2009-01-01

    A 65-year-old man with coronary artery disease, hypertension, and peripheral vascular disease was found to have an asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) of 5.5 cm on surveillance for his peripheral vascular disease. Cardiac stress testing demonstrated no evidence of myocardial ischemia, and he opted to undergo open repair of his aneurysm. Laparorobotic repair of the infrarenal AAA using the da Vinci robotic system was performed with an aortobifemoral bypass. We describe a novel technique for AAA exclusion using a cerclage method, which greatly facilitates repair of infrarenal AAAs using laparorobotic techniques. Laparorobotic repair of infrarenal AAA can be greatly facilitated by AAA sac exclusion and obliteration without the need to ligate all lumbar arteries or to open the aneurysm. This virtually avoids blood loss from the sac and minimizes the possibility for open conversion as a result of poor visualization. Minimally invasive aortic intervention for aneurysmal disease using laparascopic methods has been reported in the literature. Problems associated with this technique include a prolonged learning curve and difficulty completing intracorporeal anastomoses. Robotic surgery provides an advantage over laparoscopic surgery in its ability to provide greater degrees of freedom in a relatively small field of view along with superior high-definition, three-dimensional visualization. To date, there have been no known reports of using robotic surgery in the United States as a sole method for repair of AAA. We report our technique of combining robotic surgery with a novel procedure for sac exclusion and obliteration to successfully repair AAA without the need for opening the aneurysm sac and endoaneurysmorrhaphy.

  19. Endovascular Repair of a Ruptured Mycotic Aneurysm of the Common Iliac Artery

    SciTech Connect

    Mofidi, R. Bhat, R.; Nagy, J.; Griffiths, G. D.; Chakraverty, S.

    2007-09-15

    This report describes the case of a ruptured mycotic aneurysm of the left common iliac artery, successfully treated with endovascular stent-grafting. A 64-year-old woman underwent diagnostic coronary angiography complicated by an infected hematoma of the left groin. Seven days later, she developed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus septicemia and CT scan evidence of perivascular inflammation around the left common iliac artery. This was followed by rupture of a mycotic aneurysm of the left common iliac artery. The lesion was successfully treated with a stent-graft and prolonged antibiotic therapy, and the patient remains free of infection 10 months later. Accumulating evidence suggests that endovascular repair can be used safely for the repair of ruptured infected aneurysms.

  20. Patient Compliance with Surveillance Following Elective Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Godfrey, Anthony D. Morbi, Abigail H. M. Nordon, Ian M.

    2015-10-15

    PurposeIntegral to maintaining good outcomes post-endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a robust surveillance protocol. A significant proportion of patients fail to comply with surveillance, exposing themselves to complications. We examine EVAR surveillance in Wessex (UK), exploring factors that may predict poor compliance.MethodsRetrospective analysis of 179 consecutive elective EVAR cases [2008–2013] was performed. 167 patients were male, with the age range of 50–95. Surveillance was conducted centrally (tertiary referral trauma centre) and at four spoke units. Surveillance compliance and predictors of non-compliance including age, gender, co-morbid status, residential location and socioeconomic status were analysed for univariate significance.ResultsFifty patients (27.9 %) were non-compliant with surveillance; 14 (8.1 %) had no imaging post-EVAR. At 1 year, 56.1 % (of 123 patients) were compliant. At years 2 and 3, 41.5 and 41.2 % (of 65 and 34 patients, respectively) were compliant. Four years post-EVAR, only one of eight attended surveillance (12.5 %). There were no statistically significant differences in age (p = 0.77), co-morbid status or gender (p = 0.64). Distance to central unit (p = 0.67) and surveillance site (p = 0.56) was non-significant. While there was a trend towards compliance in upper-middle-class socioeconomic groups (ABC1 vs. C1C2D), correlating with >50 % of non-compliant patients living within <10 mile radius of the central unit, overall predictive value was not significant (p = 0.82).ConclusionsCompliance with surveillance post-EVAR is poor. No independent predictor of non-compliance has been confirmed, but socioeconomic status appears to be relevant. There is a worrying drop-off in attendance beyond the first year. This study highlights a problem that needs to be addressed urgently, if we are to maintain good outcomes post-EVAR.

  1. Evaluation of the learning curve for fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Starnes, Benjamin W; Caps, Michael T; Arthurs, Zachary M; Tatum, Billi; Singh, Niten

    2016-11-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the learning curve for fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR). Data were collected prospectively on all FEVAR procedures conducted by a single surgeon between June 2007 and January 2015. During the study period, 136 FEVARs were performed, and this experience was divided into four quartiles each consisting of 34 cases. Clinical outcomes evaluated included perioperative death and major complications. Process outcomes included length of procedure, fluoroscopy time, contrast material use, estimated blood loss, and intensive care unit length of stay. During the study period, there was a statistically significant increase in the complexity of cases as evidenced by an increase in the proportion of cases with two or more fenestrations from 52.9% in the first quartile to 88.2% in the fourth quartile (P = .001). Despite this, there was a steady decrease in the proportion of patients suffering perioperative death or major complications from 23.5% in the first quartile to 8.8% in the fourth quartile. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the odds of death or major complication were cut by 52.4% per quartile increase (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.8%-75.5%; P = .028). In addition, among cases with two or more fenestrations, geometric mean length of procedure was reduced from 223.8 minutes in the first quartile to 149.6 minutes in the fourth quartile, and geometric mean fluoroscopy time was reduced from 58.6 minutes in the first quartile to 31.5 minutes in the fourth quartile. After adjustment, there was an estimated 9.9% reduction in geometric mean procedure length per quartile increase (95% CI, 3.5%-15.9%; P = .003) and a 17.6% reduction in geometric mean fluoroscopy time per quartile increase (95% CI, 10.9%-23.8%; P < .0001). Despite an increase in case complexity, there was evidence for significant improvement in important clinical and process outcomes during the study period. We believe

  2. Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the Presence of a Kidney Transplant: Therapeutic Considerations

    SciTech Connect

    Karkos, Christos D. McMahon, Greg; Fishwick, Guy; Lambert, Kelly; Bagga, Ajay; McCarthy, Mark J.

    2006-04-15

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the presence of a kidney transplant can be extremely challenging, as it carries significant risks of renal ischemia. Endovascular repair is an attractive option, as it can be performed with little or no impairment of renal arterial flow. We describe the endovascular management of a recurrent AAA in a patient with a functioning renal transplant using a custom-made aorto-uni-iliac device. We discuss the planning and the potential problems of the technique.

  3. A combined endovascular and open ''reverse hybrid'' technique for repair of complex juxtarenal inflammatory aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Rigberg, David; Jimenez, Juan Carlos; Lawrence, Peter; Gelabert, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA) can present significant challenges to surgeons, especially in the juxtarenal location where they may not be amenable to endovascular repair. The dense, inflammatory component of these lesions can encase adjacent structures including the duodenum, ureters, and inferior vena cava putting them at risk for injury during open exposure. We report a novel ''reverse hybrid'' technique using a combined endovascular and open approach for repair of large, juxtarenal IAAA's.

  4. Acute Bilateral Renal Artery Chimney Stent Thrombosis after Endovascular Repair of a Juxtarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Scali, Salvatore T.; Feezor, Robert J.; Huber, Thomas S.; Beck, Adam W.

    2014-01-01

    The use of “chimney” stents to augment the proximal landing zone (LZ) for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been increasingly reported. Despite mounting enthusiasm for this technique, the durability of this type of repair and capability to preserve perfusion to target branches remains a paramount concern. Here we report management of a patient presenting with acute bilateral renal chimney stent thrombosis and a Type 1a endoleak. PMID:24246538

  5. Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Bilateral Iliac Limb Dislocation and Kinking following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Alerci, Mario; Wyttenbach, Rolf Bogen, Marcel; Segesser, Ludwig K. von; Gallino, Augusto; Inglese, Luigi

    2005-05-15

    We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a late type 1b endoleak due to proximal migration of both iliac limbs 5 years after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular method used to correct bilaterally this condition is described. Final angiographic control shows patency of the stent-graft without signs of endoleak.

  6. Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair by Means of the Chimney Technique in a Patient with Crossed Fused Renal Ectopia

    PubMed Central

    Kfoury, Elias; Almanfi, Abdelkader; Dougherty, Kathryn G.

    2016-01-01

    Crossed fused renal ectopia, a congenital anomaly in 1 of 7,000 individuals, presents a challenge during endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Most treatment approaches in these patients have involved open surgical repair of the aneurysm or endovascular repair with coverage of the ectopic renal artery. We present what we think is the first case of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with use of the chimney technique (parallel stent-grafting) to preserve an ectopic renal artery, in an 88-year-old man who was at high risk for open surgery. In addition to the patient's case, we discuss the relevant medical literature. PMID:27303239

  7. Endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms: a valuable alternative?--Case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Ruppert, Volker; Verrel, Frauke; Kellner, Wolfgang; Brandl, Thomas; Reininger, Cornelia B; Steckmeier, Bernd

    2004-05-01

    While endovascular repair (ER) has become a routine procedure in the treatment of arteriosclerotic abdominal aortic aneurysms with a suitable configuration, only rare reports of interventional treatment of inflammatory aortic abdominal aneurysms (IAAA) exist. We present a case study of a male patient with IAAA, who presented with inflammatory thickening involving the entire circumference of the aortic vessel wall. The MRI performed 8 months after successful ER demonstrated complete regression of vessel wall induration. A patient with the appropriate anatomical configuration of IAAA should benefit from the lower morbidity and mortality of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). In our view, EVAR is preferable to open surgical repair in the specific situation of IAAA.

  8. Iliac branched device implantation in tortuous iliac anatomy after previous open ruptured aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Vourliotakis, G; Bracale, U M; Sondakh, A; Tielliu, I F J; Prins, T R; Verhoeven, E L G

    2012-08-01

    The aim of this paper was to present iliac branched device (IBD) implantation in a fit 67-year-old man with tortuous iliac anatomy after previous emergent open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. The patient underwent open treatment for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in another hospital. The procedure was complicated by extreme blood loss which prevented concommitant treatment of two large iliac aneurysms. Later, the patient underwent stent-grafting of a right common iliac artery aneurysm (CIAA) with coil embolization of the internal iliac artery (IIA). He was then refferred to our institute for treatment of the left CIAA with preservation of the left IIA. An IBD was used to this purpose. The introduction system was inserted over a through-and-through wire, and the bridging stent-graft via a left axillary approach. An Excluder leg was used to mate the IBD with the surgical graft limb. Additional self-expanding stents were needed to keep the limbs of the surgical graft open. One year later the patient is doing well, without buttock claudication, and the aneurysm is well excluded. With challenging anatomy, endovascular repair with an IBD may require additional technical tricks but also back-up materials to achieve success.

  9. Causes of late mortality after endovascular and open surgical repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Goodney, Philip P.; Tavris, Dale; Lucas, F. Lee; Gross, Thomas; Fisher, Elliott S.; Finlayson, Samuel R. G.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Several reports suggest unexpectedly high rates of late abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture occur after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR). However, a population-based study examining causes of late death after EVAR vs open surgical repair has not been performed. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing infrarenal AAA repair using information from the Medicare inpatient hospital discharge records (MedPAR files), physician claim files (Part B files, 20% sample), and Medicare Denominator Files for the years 2001 to 2004. Using the Social Security Death Index, we identified all “late” deaths, defined as deaths occurring >30 days and after hospital discharge. We used the National Death Index to identify cause of death information; in particular, those deaths that were likely caused by late rupture. We compared causes of late death and survival between EVAR and open repair using Wilcoxon log-rank and rank-sum tests. Results Between 2001 and 2004, 13,971 patients underwent AAA repair (6119 EVAR, 7852 open repair). After a mean follow-up of 1.6 years in the EVAR cohort and 1.9 years in the open cohort, mortality rates were similar across repair type (15.4% EVAR, 15.9% open repair), with an adjusted odds ratio for death after open repair of 0.98 (95% confidence interval, 0.90–1.07). Of the 2194 documented deaths, 523 occurred before discharge or ≤30 days, and 1671 occurred >30 days and after hospital discharge. Cause of death information for the 1671 late deaths was available from the National Death Index for 1515 (91%). The 15 most common codes for causes of late death were dominated by cardiac disease (atherosclerotic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction) and pulmonary disease (lung cancer, respiratory failure). Causes of late death with specific mention of aneurysm were identified in 37 patients (2.4% of all deaths), but this event was not more common in EVAR or open repair (15 [0.3%] in the EVAR group, 22 [0

  10. Surgical Repair of Congenital Left Atrial Aneurysm and Mitral Valve Insufficiency in a Four-Year-Old Child.

    PubMed

    Sarioglu, C Tayyar; Turkekul, Yasemin; Arnaz, Ahmet; Sisli, Emrah; Yalcinbas, Yusuf Kenan; Sarioglu, Ayse

    2016-12-12

    Left atrial aneurysm is an extremely rare anomaly, which can be associated with supraventricular arrhythmia, compression of coronary arteries, intracardiac thrombus, life-threatening systemic embolization, pulmonary venous obstruction, mitral valve insufficiency, and congestive heart failure. Herein, we report a four-year-old boy who had a giant aneurysm of the left atrium and severe mitral regurgitation. The aneurysm and mitral valve cleft causing severe mitral regurgitation were successfully repaired. © The Author(s) 2016.

  11. Endovascular Abdominal Aneurysm Repair in Women: What are the Differences Between the Genders?

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Rui; Teixeira, Gabriela; Oliveira, Pedro; Loureiro, Luís; Pereira, Carlos; Almeida, Rui

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Abdominal aortic aneurysm has a lower incidence in the female population, but a higher complication rate. It was been hypothesized that some anatomical differences of abdominal aortic aneurysm in women could be responsible for that. We proposed to analyze our data to understand the differences in the clinical and anatomical characteristics and the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair, according to gender. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair between 2001-2013 was performed. Patients were divided according gender and evaluated regarding age, atherosclerotic risk factors, aneurysm anatomic features, endograft type, anesthesic risk classification, length of stay, reinterventions and mortality. Two statistical studies were performed, first comparing women and men (Group A) and a second one comparing women and men, adjusted by age (Group B). RESULTS: Of the 171 patients, only 5.8% (n=10) were females. Women were older (P<0.05) and the number of women with no atherosclerotic risk factor was significantly higher. The comparison adjusted by age revealed women with statistically less smoking history, less cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease. Women had a trend to more complex anatomy, with more iliac intern artery aneurysms, larger aneurysm diameter and neck angulations statistically more elevated. No other variables were statistically different between age groups, neither reintervention nor mortality rates. CONCLUSION: Our study showed a clear difference in the clinical characteristics of women. The female population was statistically older, and when compared with men adjusted by age, had less atherosclerotic risk factors and less target organ disease. Women showed a more complex anatomy but with the same outcomes. PMID:27737406

  12. Endovascular Abdominal Aneurysm Repair in Women: What are the Differences Between the Genders?

    PubMed

    Machado, Rui; Teixeira, Gabriela; Oliveira, Pedro; Loureiro, Luís; Pereira, Carlos; Almeida, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm has a lower incidence in the female population, but a higher complication rate. It was been hypothesized that some anatomical differences of abdominal aortic aneurysm in women could be responsible for that. We proposed to analyze our data to understand the differences in the clinical and anatomical characteristics and the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair, according to gender. A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair between 2001-2013 was performed. Patients were divided according gender and evaluated regarding age, atherosclerotic risk factors, aneurysm anatomic features, endograft type, anesthesic risk classification, length of stay, reinterventions and mortality. Two statistical studies were performed, first comparing women and men (Group A) and a second one comparing women and men, adjusted by age (Group B). Of the 171 patients, only 5.8% (n=10) were females. Women were older (P<0.05) and the number of women with no atherosclerotic risk factor was significantly higher. The comparison adjusted by age revealed women with statistically less smoking history, less cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart disease. Women had a trend to more complex anatomy, with more iliac intern artery aneurysms, larger aneurysm diameter and neck angulations statistically more elevated. No other variables were statistically different between age groups, neither reintervention nor mortality rates. Our study showed a clear difference in the clinical characteristics of women. The female population was statistically older, and when compared with men adjusted by age, had less atherosclerotic risk factors and less target organ disease. Women showed a more complex anatomy but with the same outcomes.

  13. Concomitant Persistent Atelectasis following TEVAR Due to a Descending Aortic Aneurysm: Hybrid Endovascular Repair and ECMO Therapy.

    PubMed

    Yavuz, Sadan; Arikan, Ali Ahmet; Ozbudak, Ersan; İrkil, Serhat; Hosten, Tulay; Gumustas, Sevtap; Berki, Kamil Turan

    2015-10-28

    Many thoracic aortic aneurysms are discovered incidentally, and most develop without symptoms. Symptoms are usually due to sudden expansion of the aneurysm, which can cause a vague pain in the back, or sometimes a sharp pain that may denote the presence of impending rupture. Other symptoms are related to pressure on adjacent structures, such as pressure on the bronchus that can cause respiratory distress, or pressure on the laryngeal nerve causing vocal hoarseness. Pressure on the esophagus can cause difficulty in swallowing. Currently, open surgery and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) are the choices of treatment for descending thoracic aneurysms (DTA). The decision to intervene on a DTA depends on its size, location, rate of growth and symptoms, and the overall medical condition of the patient. The indications for TEVAR should not differ from those for open surgery and typically include aneurysms larger than 6 cm in diameter. Saccular and symptomatic aneurysms are often repaired at a smaller size. It is also suggested that aneurysms with a growth rate more than 1 cm per year, or 0.5 cm in 6 months should be considered for early repair.Despite the close proximity of the aorta and left main bronchus, atelectasis caused by thoracic aortic aneurysms is rare. We review the case report of a patient with concomitant persistent left pulmonary atelectasis causing acute respiratory distress due to complete compression of the left main bronchus after TEVAR of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm.

  14. Aortic aneurysm formation following coarctation repair by Dacron patch aortoplasty

    PubMed Central

    Walhout, R.J.; Braam, R.L.; Schepens, M.A.; Mulder, B.J.M.; Plokker, H.W.M.

    2010-01-01

    We describe the finding of an aortic aneurysm in an asymptomatic 43-year-old male, who was managed by Dacron patch aortoplasty for native coarctation of the aorta 25 years before. The role of magnetic resonance angiography as standard imaging technique in lifelong postoperative surveillance is discussed subsequently. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:376-7.) PMID:20730007

  15. Aortic aneurysm formation following coarctation repair by Dacron patch aortoplasty.

    PubMed

    Walhout, R J; Braam, R L; Schepens, M A; Mulder, B J M; Plokker, H W M

    2010-08-01

    We describe the finding of an aortic aneurysm in an asymptomatic 43-year-old male, who was managed by Dacron patch aortoplasty for native coarctation of the aorta 25 years before. The role of magnetic resonance angiography as standard imaging technique in lifelong postoperative surveillance is discussed subsequently. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:376-7.).

  16. Morbidity of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is directly related to diameter.

    PubMed

    Overbey, Douglas M; Glebova, Natalia O; Chapman, Brandon C; Hosokawa, Patrick W; Eun, John C; Nehler, Mark R

    2017-10-01

    Previous randomized controlled trials have defined specific size thresholds to guide surgical decision-making in patients presenting with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). With recent advances in endovascular techniques, the anatomic considerations of AAA repair are rapidly changing. Our specific aims were to evaluate the most recent national population data to compare anatomic differences and perioperative outcomes in patients with AAA. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was queried from 2011 to 2015 using the targeted vascular public use file. Patients with AAA undergoing elective open or endovascular repair were included. Risk factors and outcomes were stratified by size and divided into quartiles for categorical comparison. A logistic regression model was used to compare the impact of size on morbidity and mortality with each technique. A risk adjustment model used all preoperative criteria to generate observed and expected values for open and endovascular repair. There were 10,026 patients who underwent elective AAA repair, 8182 (81.6%) endovascular and 1844 (18.4%) open. Repairs were divided into density quartiles for a logistic analysis: smallest quartile, 3.5 to 5 cm; second quartile, 5.01 to 5.5 cm; third quartile, 5.51 to 6.2 cm; and largest quartile, >6.2 cm. Patients with larger aneurysms (>6.2 cm) were more likely to be male, to have a dependent functional status, and to have increased blood urea nitrogen concentration and American Society of Anesthesiologists score (P < .05). Larger aneurysms had longer operative time (162 vs 135 minutes) and greater extension toward the renal and iliac vessels (all P < .05). Risk adjustment revealed an observed/expected morbidity plot that favored endovascular repair throughout the size range but confirmed lack of size effect within the open repair category. The adjusted increase in morbidity with endovascular repair is 9.7% per centimeter increase in size of AAA

  17. Endovascular Management of Delayed Complete Graft Thrombosis After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Thurley, Peter D.; Glasby, Michael J.; Pollock, John G.; Bungay, Peter; Nunzio, Mario De; El-Tahir, Amin M.; Quarmby, John W.

    2010-08-15

    Graft thrombosis rates after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms vary widely in published series. When thrombosis does occur, it usually involves a single limb and occurs within 3 months of stent-graft insertion. If the entire endoprosthesis is thrombosed, treatment may be challenging because femoro-femoral crossover graft insertion is not an option and a greater volume of thrombus is present, thus making thrombolysis more difficult. We present two cases of delayed thrombosis after EVAR involving the entire stent-graft. These were successfully treated by a combined surgical and endovascular technique, and patency has been maintained in both cases to date.

  18. JAG Tearing Technique with Radiofrequency Guide Wire for Aortic Fenestration in Thoracic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Ricci, Carmelo; Ceccherini, Claudio Leonini, Sara; Cini, Marco; Vigni, Francesco; Neri, Eugenio; Tucci, Enrico; Benvenuti, Antonio; Tommasino, Giulio; Sassi, Carlo

    2012-02-15

    An innovative approach, the JAG tearing technique, was performed during thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair in a patient with previous surgical replacement of the ascending aorta with a residual uncomplicated type B aortic dissection who developed an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta with its lumen divided in two parts by an intimal flap. The proximal landing zone was suitable to place a thoracic stent graft. The distal landing zone was created by cutting the intimal flap in the distal third of the descending thoracic aorta with a radiofrequency guide wire and intravascular ultrasound catheter.

  19. Use of spiral computed tomographic angiography in monitoring abdominal aortic aneurysms after transfemoral endovascular repair.

    PubMed Central

    Balm, R; Jacobs, M J

    1997-01-01

    Transfemoral endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has proved to be technically feasible in a selected group of patients. However, long-term efficacy has not been proved. Graft performance after implantation can be monitored by a single imaging technique: spiral computed tomographic angiography. With this technique, the parameters for continuing clinical success of the procedure-graft patency, endoleaks, graft migration, attachment site diameter, attachment system failure, and aneurysm diameter-can be monitored. Only in selected cases will an additional imaging technique be necessary. PMID:9339508

  20. JAG tearing technique with radiofrequency guide wire for aortic fenestration in thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Ricci, Carmelo; Ceccherini, Claudio; Leonini, Sara; Cini, Marco; Vigni, Francesco; Neri, Eugenio; Tucci, Enrico; Benvenuti, Antonio; Tommasino, Giulio; Sassi, Carlo

    2012-02-01

    An innovative approach, the JAG tearing technique, was performed during thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair in a patient with previous surgical replacement of the ascending aorta with a residual uncomplicated type B aortic dissection who developed an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta with its lumen divided in two parts by an intimal flap. The proximal landing zone was suitable to place a thoracic stent graft. The distal landing zone was created by cutting the intimal flap in the distal third of the descending thoracic aorta with a radiofrequency guide wire and intravascular ultrasound catheter.

  1. Does Management of True Aneurysms of Peripancreatic Arteries Require Repair of Associated Celiac Artery Stenosis?

    PubMed

    Boll, Julia M; Sharp, Kenneth W; Garrard, C Louis; Naslund, Thomas C; Curci, John A; Valentine, R James

    2017-02-01

    True aneurysms of the gastroduodenal (GDA) and pancreaticoduodenal (PDA) arteries have been attributed to increased collateral flow due to tandem celiac artery stenosis or occlusion. Although GDA and PDA aneurysm exclusion is recommended because of the high reported risk of rupture, it remains uncertain whether simultaneous celiac artery reconstruction is necessary to preserve end-organ flow. We conducted a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted from 1996 to 2015 with true aneurysms of the GDA or PDA. Twenty patients with true aneurysms of the PDA (n = 16) or GDA (n = 4) were identified. Mean age was 61.5 years (range 35 to 85 years) and 11 (55%) were women. Nine (45%) presented with rupture, 8 (40%) presented with pain, and 3 (15%) were asymptomatic. All 9 patients who presented with rupture had contained retroperitoneal hematomas, and none experienced rebleeding. Fifteen (75%) patients had an associated celiac artery >60% stenosis or occlusion, and 2 (10%) had both celiac and superior mesenteric artery stenoses. Thirteen (65%) patients underwent successful endovascular coiling, only 1 of which had a prophylactic celiac artery bypass. Three (15%) patients underwent open aneurysm exclusion and celiac bypass, and 4 (20%) others were observed. There were no aneurysm-related deaths in this series, and none of the patients who underwent coiling without celiac revascularization had hepatic ischemia or other mesenteric morbidity develop during a median follow-up of 6 months (maximum 200 months). Gastroduodenal artery and PDA aneurysms present most commonly with pain or bleeding, and all should be considered for repair, regardless of size. Aneurysm exclusion is safely and effectively achieved with endovascular coiling. Although associated celiac artery stenosis is found in the majority of cases, celiac revascularization might not be necessary. Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Aneurysm

    MedlinePlus

    ... is thought to play a role in abdominal aortic aneurysms. Atherosclerotic disease (cholesterol buildup in arteries) may also ... not it is painful and throbbing. With an aortic aneurysm, go to the emergency room or call 911 ...

  3. Real-Time Magnetic Resonance-Guided Endovascular Repair of Experimental Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Swine

    PubMed Central

    Raman, Venkatesh K.; Karmarkar, Parag V.; Guttman, Michael A.; Dick, Alexander J.; Peters, Dana C.; Ozturk, Cengizhan; Pessanha, Breno S. S.; Thompson, Richard B.; Raval, Amish N.; DeSilva, Ranil; Aviles, Ronnier J.; Atalar, Ergin; McVeigh, Elliot R.; Lederman, Robert J.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVES This study tested the hypotheses that endografts can be visualized and navigated in vivo solely under real-time magnetic resonance imaging (rtMRI) guidance to repair experimental abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in swine, and that MRI can provide immediate assessment of endograft apposition and aneurysm exclusion. BACKGROUND Endovascular repair for AAA is limited by endoleak caused by inflow or outflow malapposition. The ability of rtMRI to image soft tissue and flow may improve on X-ray guidance of this procedure. METHODS Infrarenal AAA was created in swine by balloon overstretch. We used one passive commercial endograft, imaged based on metal-induced MRI artifacts, and several types of homemade active endografts, incorporating MRI receiver coils (antennae). Custom interactive rtMRI features included color coding the catheter-antenna signals individually, simultaneous multislice imaging, and real-time three-dimensional rendering. RESULTS Eleven repairs were performed solely using rtMRI, simultaneously depicting the device and soft-tissue pathology during endograft deployment. Active devices proved most useful. Intraprocedural MRI provided anatomic confirmation of stent strut apposition and functional corroboration of aneurysm exclusion and restoration of laminar flow in successful cases. In two cases, there was clear evidence of contrast accumulation in the aneurysm sac, denoting endoleak. CONCLUSIONS Endovascular AAA repair is feasible under rtMRI guidance. Active endografts facilitate device visualization and complement the soft tissue contrast afforded by MRI for precise positioning and deployment. Magnetic resonance imaging also permits immediate post-procedural anatomic and functional evaluation of successful aneurysm exclusion. PMID:15963411

  4. Hybrid repair of penetrating aortic ulcer associated with right aortic arch and aberrant left innominate artery arising from aneurysmal Kommerell's diverticulum with simultaneous repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Guo, Yuanyuan; Yang, Bin; Cai, Hongbo; Jin, Hui

    2014-02-01

    We present the first case of a hybrid endovascular approach to a penetrating aortic ulcer on the left descending aorta with a right aortic arch and aberrant left innominate artery arising from an aneurysmal Kommerell's diverticulum. The patient also had bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms. The three-step procedure consisted of a carotid-carotid bypass, followed by endovascular exclusion of the ulcer and the aneurysmal Kommerell's diverticulum, and then completion by covering the iliac aneurysms. The patient had no complications at 18 months after surgery. In such rare configurations, endovascular repair is a safe therapeutic option.

  5. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Analysis of Aneurysm Volumetric Changes at Mid-Term Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Bargellini, Irene Cioni, Roberto; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Pratali, Alessandro; Napoli, Vinicio; Vignali, Claudio; Ferrari, Mauro; Bartolozzi, Carlo

    2005-05-15

    Purpose. To evaluate the volumetric changes in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) in 24 months of follow-up. Methods. We evaluated the volume modifications in 63 consecutive patients after EVAR. All patients underwent strict duplex ultrasound and computed tomography angiography (CTA) follow-up; when complications were suspected, digital subtraction angiography was also performed. CTA datasets at 1, 6, 12, and 24 months were post-processed through semiautomatic segmentation, to isolate the aneurysmal sac and calculate its volume. Maximum transverse diameters (Dmax) were also obtained in the true axial plane, Presence and type of endoleak (EL) were recorded. A statistical analysis was performed to assess the degree of volume change, correlation with diameter modifications, and significance of the volume increase with respect to ELs. Results. Mean reconstruction time was 7 min. Mean volume reduction rates were 6.5%, 8%, and 9.6% at 6, 12, and 24 months follow-up, respectively. Mean Dmax reduction rates were 4.2%, 6.7%, and 12%; correlation with volumes was poor (r = 0.73-0.81). ELs were found in 19 patients and were more frequent (p = 0.04) in patients with higher preprocedural Dmax, The accuracies of volume changes in predicting ELs ranged between 74.6% and 84.1% and were higher than those of Dmax modifications. The strongest independent predictor of EL was a volume change at 6 months {<=}0.3% (p = 0.005), although 6 of 19 (32%) patients with EL showed no significant AAA enlargement, whereas in 6 of 44 (14%) patients without EL the aneurysm enlarged. Conclusion. The lack of volume decrease in the aneurysm of at least 0.3% at 6 months follow-up indicates the need for closer surveillance, and has a higher predictive accuracy for an endoleak than Dmax.

  6. Measuring of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Reconstruction before Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Yoona; Joh, Jin Hyun; Park, Ho-Chul

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Conventional computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard method for case planning for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, aortography with a marking catheter is needed for measuring the actual length of an aneurysm. With advances in imaging technology, a 3-dimensional (3D) workstation can obviate the need for the aortography. The objective of this study was to determine whether a 3D workstation could obviate the need for aortography for EVAR. Materials and Methods One vascular surgeon and 1 interventional radiologist retrospectively assessed axial CT scans and reformatted the 3D CT scans by using the iNtuition workstation (TeraRecon Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA) for 25 patients who underwent EVAR. Four measurements of diameter and length were obtained from each modality. The actual length of an aneurysm for the proper graft was decided by 2 observers by reviewing the aortography with a marking catheter. Results The measurements from the 2 modalities were reproducible with intraobserver correlation coefficients of 0.89 to 1.0 for conventional CT and 0.98 to 1.0 for 3D workstation. Interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.29 to 0.95 for conventional CT and 0.85 to 0.99 for the 3D workstation. The length of the aneurysm for proper main graft coincided in 18 and 14 patients according to the conventional CT scan and in 21 and 18 patients according to the 3D workstation, respectively. Conclusion The interobserver agreement in planning EVAR was significantly better with the iNtuition 3D workstation. But aortography with a marking catheter may still be needed for selecting the proper graft. PMID:28377909

  7. Standardized off-the-shelf components for multibranched endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Chuter, Tim; Greenberg, Roy K

    2011-09-01

    Endovascular techniques have been slow to assume a primary role in the management of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) because of the high cost of multiple components, regulatory challenges, manufacturing delays, and the complexity of multibranched stent graft insertion. Standardized off-the-shelf stent grafts have the potential to lower all these barriers to the widespread application of multibranched endovascular technology. Despite the desire for a single design to accommodate all variations of thoracoabdominal aneurysms, different approaches are likely required for patients with extensive aneurysmal disease compared with disease that is more localized to the infradiaphragmatic region or that which does not extend below the renals. This article summarizes the basic concepts and stent graft designs for repair of TAAA using off-the-shelf fenestrated and branched endografts.

  8. Predictors of Reintervention After Endovascular Repair of Isolated Iliac Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Zayed, Hany A. Attia, Rizwan; Modarai, Bijan; Clough, Rachel E.; Bell, Rachel E.; Carrell, Tom; Sabharwal, Tarun; Reidy, John; Taylor, Peter R.

    2011-02-15

    The objective of this study was to identify factors predicting the need for reintervention after endovascular repair of isolated iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA). We reviewed prospectively collected database records of all patients who underwent endovascular repair of IIAA between 1999 and 2008. Detailed assessment of the aneurysms was performed using computed tomography angiography (CTA). Follow-up protocol included CTA at 3 months. If this showed no complication, then annual duplex scan was arranged. Multivariate analysis and analysis of patient survival and freedom from reintervention were performed using Kaplan-Meier life tables. Forty IIAAs (median diameter 44 mm) in 38 patients were treated (all men; median age 75 years), and median follow-up was 27 months. Endovascular repair of IIAA was required in 14 of 40 aneurysms (35%). The rate of type I endoleak was significantly higher with proximal landing zone (PLZ) diameter >30 mm in the aorta or >24 mm in the common iliac artery or distal landing zone (DLZ) diameter >24 mm (P = 0.03, 0.03, and 0.0014, respectively). Reintervention rate (RR) increased significantly with increased diameter or decreased length of PLZ; increased DLZ diameter; and endovascular IIAA repair (P = 0.005, 0.005, 0.02, and 0.02 respectively); however, RR was not significantly affected by length of PLZ or DLZ. Freedom-from-reintervention was 97, 93, and 86% at 12, 24, and 108 months. There was no in-hospital or aneurysm-related mortality. Endovascular IIAA repair is a safe treatment option. Proper patient selection is essential to decrease the RR.

  9. Early Experiences of Sandwich Technique to Preserve Pelvic Circulation during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Kim, Daehwan; Chung, Jung Kee; Park, Hyung Sub; Jung, In Mok; Lee, Taeseung

    2017-06-01

    To report experiences of the sandwich technique (ST) for preservation of pelvic flow during endovascular repair of complex aortic or aortoiliac aneurysms. Eight patients underwent elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the ST between March 2013 and February 2017. The anatomic indications for the ST were complex aortoiliac aneurysms (5 cases), abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with non-diseased short common iliac arteries (2 cases) and AAA with unilateral occluded iliac artery (1 case). The ST was performed through both femoral and brachial approach. Patient clinical and radiologic data were collected and analyzed. Eight patients (7 male; mean age, 73.4 years) were followed over a mean period of 277 days (range, 9-1,106 days). The technical success rate was 100%. The primary patency rate of the iliac stent-grafts was 88% (14/16 cases). One internal iliac and 1 external iliac stent-graft occlusion was observed during the early postoperative period. There was 1 gutter endoleak which disappeared spontaneously within 4 days, and there were 2 type II endoleaks: one treated by coil embolization after 13 months, and the other observed without treatment. There were no cases of sac growth or aneurysm-related deaths, and no cases of buttock claudication or impotence. The ST is a safe and feasible technique to preserve pelvic circulation during endovascular treatment of complex aortoiliac aneurysms. The need to expand the indications for complex EVARs with adjunctive procedures, such as the ST is highlighted in situations where branched/fenestrated device availability is limited.

  10. Technical Aspects of Open Repair for Degenerative Aneurysmal Evolution Despite Early Thoracic Endovascular Repair of Type B Aortic Dissection.

    PubMed

    Aguir, Sonia; El Batti, Salma; Achouh, Paul; Julia, Pierre; Bel, Alain; Fabiani, Jean-Noël; Alsac, Jean-Marc

    2017-04-01

    Closure of the proximal tear by thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) at the acute phase appears to be a safe effective treatment to prevent aneurysmal degeneration type B dissection. However, it appears to be inefficient in up to a third of the patient. We report the technical aspects of our experience with patients undergoing secondary open repair after TEVAR for dissecting thoracoabdominal aneurysm despite early closure proximal tear by TEVAR. During a period of 5 years, 96 patients presenting acute type B aortic dissections were treated by TEVAR and followed-up in our institution. Among them, 5 patients experienced an evolution to a dissecting thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Their demographic data and initial medical conditions, delay to reintervention, operative technical details, perioperative and mid-term outcomes were collected and analyzed. All 5 patients (4 male, mean age 58 ± 9) were operated under peripheral normothermic bypass without deep circulatory arrest using the thoracic stent graft as an elephant trunk for completion of the proximal anastomosis. In cases of patency, the false lumen was reapproximated in the anastomosis, 6 visceral arteries were revascularized selectively. One patient died at day 1 of perioperative ventricular fibrillation due to an acute myocardial infarction. The 4 others are alive without complication after a median of 30 months, range (13-22). In our experience, TEVAR was not only efficient at the acute phase to deal with complications, but in cases of subsequent aneurysmal evolution, it made open repair even easier by avoiding very proximal cross-clamping/anastomosis and circulatory arrest. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Experimental Study of a Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Prior to and After Surgical Repair Hemodynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerlo, Anna-Elodie; Frankel, Steven; Chen, Jun; Vlachos, Pavlos

    2014-11-01

    Once a Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (TAA) is detected, the risk of rupture is estimated based on the TAA diameter compared to the normal aortic diameter and its expansion rate. However, there are no reliable predictors that can provide accurate prognosis, and each aneurysm may progress differently. This work aims to assess the hemodynamic characteristics and flow structures associated with TAAs. The flow in a patient specific thoracic aortic aneurysm is compared to the same patient after treatment, in order to quantify the differences in the hydrodynamic forces acting on the aneurysm. Flow visualization with dye and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) are used to study flow features within both geometries. Local flow patterns are visualized to predict potential areas of recirculation and low shear stresses as they are associated with thrombogenicity. Understanding the differences in flow features between a thoracic aortic aneurysm and a normal aorta (or a TAA after surgical repair) may lead to a better understanding of disease mechanisms that will enable clinicians to better estimate the risk of rupture.

  12. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II Secondary to Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Hamilton; Tafazoli, Sharwin

    2015-01-01

    Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain disorder characterized by severe pain and vasomotor and pseudomotor changes. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms is a recent advance in vascular surgery that has allowed repair of AAA while offering reduced intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay, reduced blood loss, fewer major complications, and more rapid recovery. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare complication of an EVAR procedure that may result in a wide range of complications. The present report examines CRPS type II as a novel consequence of pseudoaneurysm formation from brachial artery access in the EVAR procedure. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of CRPS type II presentation as sequelae of an EVAR procedure. PMID:25650247

  13. Single-stage repair of aneurysm of the ascending aorta associated with aortic coarctation.

    PubMed

    Attaran, Saina; Felderhoff, Jeremy; Westwood, Mark A; Awad, Wael I

    2010-08-01

    A 38-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled hypertension was investigated for atypical chest pains and found to have an aneurysm of the ascending aorta and a coexisting coarctation of the aorta. The timing and sequence of surgical repair of these 2 pathologies are controversial. We report an elective single-stage operation in which the ascending aorta was replaced and an extracardiac bypass from the ascending to the descending aorta was performed with excellent results.

  14. Progressive Supranuclear Palsy-Like Syndrome After Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Case Series

    PubMed Central

    Nandipati, Sirisha; Rucker, Janet C.; Frucht, Steven J.

    2013-01-01

    The syndrome of progressive supranuclear palsy-like syndrome is a rare complication of ascending aortic aneurysm repair. We report two patients with videos and present a table of prior reported cases. To our knowledge there is no previously published video of this syndrome. The suspected mechanism is brainstem injury though neuroimaging is often negative for an associated infarct. We hope our report will increase recognition of this syndrome after aortic surgery, especially in patients with visual complaints. PMID:24386607

  15. Late neurological recovery of paraplegia after endovascular repair of an infected thoracic aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Mees, Barend M E; Bastos Gonçalves, Frederico; Koudstaal, Peter J; Verhagen, Hence J M

    2013-02-01

    Spinal cord ischemia is a potentially devastating complication after thoracic endovascular aorta repair (TEVAR). Patients with spinal cord ischemia after TEVAR often develop paraplegia, which is considered irreversible, and have significant increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. We report the case of a patient with unusual late complete neurologic recovery of acute-onset paraplegia after TEVAR for an infected thoracic aortic aneurysm. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Ten-Year Single-Center Results of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Treatment: Endovascular versus Open Repair.

    PubMed

    Majd, Payman; Ahmad, Wael; Becker, Ingrid; Brunkwall, Jan Sigge

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term survival in matched cohorts of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) undergoing an elective open repair (OR) or an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Patients with a primary elective repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm between 1998 and 2006 were identified in a retrospective review of our single-center database. EVAR and OR patients were matched with respect to age, gender, renal disease, tobacco use, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and coronary artery disease. The primary end points were the early mortality and all-cause mortality during follow-up. A total of 465 patients with elective infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair were identified in the database. The EVAR and OR patients were matched according to the above-mentioned characteristics, and finally, 108 patients were included in each group. The early mortality encountered was only one death in the open group (P = 0.316). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis by the log-rank test showed no difference in cumulative survival between OR group and EVAR group (P = 0.458). Seventeen reinterventions (16.7%) in the EVAR group vs. 7 (6.5%) in the OR group (P = 0.018) were necessary during follow-up. OR and EVAR can be performed safely for elective treatment of AAA. The reintervention rate is, as expected, significantly higher in the EVAR group, but the long-term survival remains equal in both groups. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Acute Type B Aortic Dissection in a Patient with Previous Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Park, Sung Hun; Rha, Seung-Woon

    2017-01-01

    Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) was relatively safe, and became a widely performed procedure. If aortic dissection (AD) occurred in patient with previous EVAR, it could cause fatal complications like endograft collapse. Surgical treatment was limited in this situation for comorbidities and complex anatomies. Here we report a rare case of acute type B AD developed following trans-radial coronary intervention in a patient with previous EVAR of abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was treated with thoracic EVAR. PMID:28377913

  18. OMNEX surgical sealant in the extracorporeal repair of renal artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Roig, Michael; Gorin, Michael A; Castellan, Miguel; Ciancio, Gaetano

    2011-11-01

    OMNEX (Ethicon, Inc.; Somerville, NJ) is a cyanoacrylate-based synthetic surgical sealant. To date, the use of OMNEX has only been described in a limited number of vascular surgery procedures. We present the cases of two patients who underwent successful extracorporeal renal artery aneurysm repair with the aid of OMNEX sealant. This report is the first evidence to suggest the utility of OMNEX in renovascular surgery.

  19. Results of the Gore Hybrid Vascular Graft in Challenging Aortic Branch Revascularization during Complex Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Tsilimparis, Nikolaos; Larena-Avellaneda, Axel; Krause, Benjamin; Wipper, Sabine; Diener, Holger; Kölbel, Tilo; Debus, E Sebastian

    2015-10-01

    Prolonged organ ischemia during complex aortic surgery is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. A novel hybrid graft (Gore Hybrid Vascular Graft) as composite of expanded polytetrafluorethylene vascular prosthesis that has a section reinforced with nitinol was investigated for feasibility and effectiveness during aortic repair. Retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients treated with the hybrid vascular graft (HVG). Indication for graft implantation was surgeon's preference for branch revascularization in challenging aortic repair. Within 26 months, 25 Gore HVGs and 17 conventional grafts were implanted in 12 patients (age, 73 years; range, 33-79 years, 8 men). Eleven patients were treated for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms and one for aortoiliac aneurysm (elective = 6, urgent = 6). Nine visceral debranching procedures, 2 Crawford procedures, and 1 repair of an internal iliac aneurysm were performed. The distribution of HVG use was left renal artery = 10, right renal artery = 9, superior mesenteric artery = 4, celiac trunk = 1, and internal iliac artery = 1. Time to restore visceral blood flow during visceral debranching was 7 ± 4 min for the Gore HVG vs. 12 ± 6 min for conventional grafts (P < 0.01).Technical success was achieved in all cases. At 12 months of median follow-up, cumulative patency of the HVGs was 96%. The Gore HVG offers a new, simplified, and time-sparing technique for visceral anastomoses during complex aneurysm repair. However, long-term results are still lacking and need to be awaited. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Robot-assisted renal artery aneurysm repair with a saphenous vein Y-graft interposition.

    PubMed

    Gheza, Federico; Coratti, Francesco; Masrur, Mario; Calatayud, David; Annecchiarico, Mario; Coratti, Andrea; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo

    2013-04-01

    Renal artery aneurysms (RAA) treatment includes both surgical repair and endovascular techniques, mostly depending on the location of aneurysm. For complex RAA located at renal artery bifurcation or distally, open surgical repair represents the gold standard of treatment. However, the transperitoneal open access to the renal artery requires a wide laparotomy--hence the attempt to be minimally invasive with the first reports of laparoscopic approach. Even if it represents a possibility, laparoscopy has not yet gained widespread acceptance for the technical difficulties in performing vascular anastomosis. We herein describe the repair of a complex RAA using the Da Vinci Surgical System. A 41-year-old woman had an accidentally discovered saccular aneurysm of the right renal artery with a maximum diameter of 20 mm, with one in and four out. A laparoscopic robot-assisted approach was planned. Intraoperatively, we confirm the strategy to group the four output branches in two different patches. Thus, a Y-shaped autologous saphenous graft was prepared and introduced through a trocar. For the three anastomoses, a polytetrafluoroethylene running suture was preferred. The total operation time was 350 min, and the estimated surgical blood loss was about 200 ml. Warm ischemia time was 58 min for the posterior branch and 24 min for the second declamping. The patient resumed a regular diet on postoperative day 2, and the hospital stay lasted 4 days. No intraoperative or postoperative morbidity was noted. A CT scan performed 2 months later revealed the patency of all the reconstructed branches. The experience of our group counts five other renal aneurysm repair performed with a robot-assisted technique. The presence of five different arterial branches involved in the reconstruction makes this procedure difficult. Robot-assisted laparoscopic technique represents a valid alternative to open surgery in complex cases.

  1. Oxidative stress during abdominal aortic aneurysm repair--biomarkers and antioxidant's protective effect: a review.

    PubMed

    Aivatidi, C; Vourliotakis, G; Georgopoulos, S; Sigala, F; Bastounis, E; Papalambros, E

    2011-03-01

    Oxidative stress during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is likely to result as a response to an ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the lower limbs and gastrointestinal tract. This paper reviews the oxidative stress during AAA repair, with specific reference to biological markers and the potential antioxidant's protective effect. The current literature (1966 to July 2010) was reviewed specifically for all articles describing human studies relevant with the particular subject: oxidative stress in patients with AAA repair. Key-words used as single or combined searches included "abdominal aortic aneurysm", "open repair", "EVAR", "oxidative stress", "oxidation" and "antioxidant". A total of 14 relevant human studies were identified. In the majority of studies all samples (blood samples or/and muscle biopsies) were obtained from the patients using regional sampling techniques before or after anaesthesia, during aortic clamping or balloon occlusion (ischemic time) and after aortic clamp removal (reperfusion time) in different time intervals up to 24 or 48 hours. The oxidative status during AAA repair operation was evaluated by measuring quantitative changes of different substances including mainly vascular endothelial adhesion molecules, lipid peroxidation by-products or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their metabolites. Two studies compared two groups of patients with AAA treated either by open or endovascular repair (EVAR), while four studies used different types of antioxidant supplementation in order to correlate it with a reduction in oxidative stress and damage in the antioxidant group of patients. Current evidence suggests that there is a high-grade oxidative stress during AAA repair operation. This was higher in cases of open repair beside EVAR and in cases with ruptured AAAs beside elective cases. The beneficial effect of an antioxidant supplementation in reducing the oxidative stress during AAA repair was also demonstrated. The use of a biological

  2. A multidetector tomography protocol for follow-up of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Bastos, Roberto Moraes; Filho, Alvaro Razuk; Blasbalg, Roberto; Caffaro, Roberto Augusto; Karakhanian, Walter Khegan; Rocha, Antonio José

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to improve the use of 64-channel multidetector computed tomography using lower doses of ionizing radiation during follow-up procedures in a series of patients with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Thirty patients receiving 5 to 29 months of follow-up after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair were analyzed using a 64-channel multidetector computed tomography device by an exam that included pre- and post-contrast with both arterial and venous phases. Leak presence and type were classified based on the exam phase. RESULTS: Endoleaks were identified in 8/30 of cases; the endoleaks in 3/8 of these cases were not visible in the arterial phases of the exams. CONCLUSION: The authors conclude that multidetector computed tomography with pre-contrast and venous phases should be a part of the ongoing follow-up of patients undergoing endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. The arterial phase can be excluded when the aneurism is stable or regresses. These findings permit a lower radiation dose without jeopardizing the correct diagnosis of an endoleak. PMID:22189725

  3. The effects of preoperative cardiology consultation prior to elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair on patient morbidity.

    PubMed

    Boniakowski, Anna E; Davis, Frank M; Phillips, Amanda R; Robinson, Adina B; Coleman, Dawn M; Henke, Peter K

    2017-08-01

    Objectives The relationship between preoperative medical consultations and postoperative complications has not been extensively studied. Thus, we investigated the impact of preoperative consultation on postoperative morbidity following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods A retrospective review was conducted on 469 patients (mean age 72 years, 20% female) who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair from June 2007 to July 2014. Data elements included detailed medical history, preoperative cardiology consultation, and postoperative complications. Primary outcomes included 30-day morbidity, consult-specific morbidity, and mortality. A bivariate probit regression model accounting for the endogeneity of binary preoperative medical consult and patient variability was estimated with a maximum likelihood function. Results Eighty patients had preoperative medical consults (85% cardiology); thus, our analysis focuses on the effect of cardiac-related preoperative consults. Hyperlipidemia, increased aneurysm size, and increased revised cardiac risk index increased likelihood of referral to cardiology preoperatively. Surgery type (endovascular versus open repair) was not significant in development of postoperative complications when controlling for revised cardiac risk index ( p = 0.295). After controlling for patient comorbidities, there was no difference in postoperative cardiac-related complications between patients who did and did not undergo cardiology consultation preoperatively ( p = 0.386). Conclusions When controlling for patient disease severity using revised cardiac risk index risk stratification, preoperative cardiology consultation is not associated with postoperative cardiac morbidity.

  4. Are we cross-matching too much blood for elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair?

    PubMed Central

    Lowe, Emily; Quarmby, John

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: This study aims to identify current blood transfusion requirements in elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and to compare this to an existing maximum surgical blood order schedule. Methods: We retrospectively identified patients who underwent elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair over a 40-month period in our institution. Pre-operative number of units cross-matched and the number of units actually transfused were identified. The cross-match to transfusion ratio was then calculated. Results: Blood transfusion at any time post-operatively was required in 23 (48.9%) cases. Patients needing an intra-operative blood transfusion had a median of 2 units. Of the pre-operative cross-matched units (123), only 43 were used, giving a cross-match to transfusion ratio of 2.86. Conclusion: Our current maximum surgical blood order schedule is poorly followed and a cross-match to transfusion ratio of 2.86 indicates we are cross-matching too many units for elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. A carefully considered individualised management of blood products, with the requirement of at least a valid group and save sample, may be more appropriate. PMID:28228951

  5. Costs of repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with different devices in a multicenter randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Matsumura, Jon S; Stroupe, Kevin T; Lederle, Frank A; Kyriakides, Tassos C; Ge, Ling; Freischlag, Julie A

    2015-01-01

    Prior analysis in the Open vs Endovascular Repair Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Study (CSP #498) demonstrated that survival, quality of life, and total health care costs are not significantly different between the open and endovascular methods of repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The device is a major cost of this method of repair, and the objective of this study was to evaluate the costs of the device, abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, and total health care costs when different endograft systems are selected for the endovascular repair (EVR). Within each selected system, EVR costs are compared with open repair costs. The study randomized 881 patients to open (n = 437) or EVR (n = 444). Device selection was recorded before randomization; therefore, open repair controls were matched to each device cohort. Data were excluded for two low-volume devices, implanted in only 13 individuals, leaving 423 control and 431 endovascular patients: 166 Zenith (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind), 177 Excluder (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz), and 88 AneuRx (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn). Mean device, hospitalization, and total health care costs from randomization to 2 years were compared. Health care utilization data were obtained from patients and national VA and Medicare data sources. VA costs were determined using methods previously developed by the VA Health Economics Resource Center. Non-VA costs were obtained from Medicare claims data and billing data from the patient's health care providers. Implant costs were 38% of initial hospitalization costs. Mean device (range, $13,600-$14,400), initial hospitalization (range, $34,800-$38,900), and total health care costs at 2 years in the endovascular (range, $72,400-$78,200) and open repair groups (range, $75,600-$82,100) were not significantly different among device systems. Differences between endovascular and corresponding open repair cohorts showed lower mean costs for EVR (range, $3200-$8300), but these were not

  6. The "State of Art" of Organisational Blogging

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, Gavin J.; Connolly, Thomas M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the "state of art" of organisational blogging. It also aims to provide a critical review of the literature on organisational blogging and propose recommendations on how to advance the subject area in terms of academic research. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic literature review…

  7. The "State of Art" of Organisational Blogging

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, Gavin J.; Connolly, Thomas M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the "state of art" of organisational blogging. It also aims to provide a critical review of the literature on organisational blogging and propose recommendations on how to advance the subject area in terms of academic research. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic literature review…

  8. Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Chimney and Snorkel Grafts: Indications, Techniques and Results

    SciTech Connect

    Patel, Rakesh P.; Katsargyris, Athanasios Verhoeven, Eric L. G.; Adam, Donald J.; Hardman, John A.

    2013-12-15

    The chimney technique in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (Ch-EVAR) involves placement of a stent or stent-graft parallel to the main aortic stent-graft to extend the proximal or distal sealing zone while maintaining side branch patency. Ch-EVAR can facilitate endovascular repair of juxtarenal and aortic arch pathology using available standard aortic stent-grafts, therefore, eliminating the manufacturing delays required for customised fenestrated and branched stent-grafts. Several case series have demonstrated the feasibility of Ch-EVAR both in acute and elective cases with good early results. This review discusses indications, technique, and the current available clinical data on Ch-EVAR.

  9. Meta-analysis of posterior versus medial approach for popliteal artery aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Phair, Alison; Hajibandeh, Shahin; Hajibandeh, Shahab; Kelleher, Damian; Ibrahim, Riza; Antoniou, George A

    2016-10-01

    Popliteal artery aneurysm is an uncommon vascular disease but one that can cause significant morbidity, the most severe being limb loss reported in 20% to 59% of cases. Two approaches to repair are described in the literature, the posterior and the medial; however, the "gold standard" method of repair remains controversial. A systematic review of electronic information sources was undertaken to identify papers comparing outcomes of posterior repair vs medial repair. The methodologic quality of the papers was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Fixed-effect or random-effects models were applied to synthesize data. The search yielded seven articles eligible for inclusion. The total population comprised 1427 patients; 338 had posterior repair and 1089 had medial repair. There was no difference in the two groups in terms of postoperative nerve damage (odds ratio [OR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.24-4.2) and 30-day postoperative complications (OR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.43-1.77). Limb loss at 30 days occurred more frequently in the medial approach group, but the difference was not statistically significant (risk difference [RD], 0.02; 95% CI, -0.04 to 0.00). Thirty-day primary patency was not statistically different between groups (RD, -0.01; 95% CI, -0.04 to 0.02), but the 30-day secondary patency suggested superiority of the posterior approach (RD, 0.05; 95% CI, 0.02-0.07). Long-term primary and secondary patency both favored the posterior approach (OR, 1.61 [95% CI, 1.06-2.43] and OR, 1.73 [95% CI, 0.91-3.30], respectively). Aneurysm exclusion was also superior with the posterior approach (OR, 4.20; 95% CI, 1.40-12.60). The rate of reoperation favored the posterior approach (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.09-0.72). Long-term risk of limb loss favored posterior repair, but no statistically significant difference was found (OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.43-1.77). High-level comparative data comparing posterior and medial repair for popliteal artery aneurysms are not available

  10. Mid-term results after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a four-year experience.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, I; Nano, G; Casana, R; Tealdi Dg, D g

    2004-03-01

    The purpose of this retrospective, single-institution study is to describe a 4-year experience of examining early and late clinical outcomes after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Between October 1998 and January 2003, 455 patients were submitted for AAA treatment, of whom 269 underwent open repair and 186 were treated with an endovascular procedure. All endovascular-treated patients underwent preoperative arteriography, contrast enhanced CT scanning or spiral-CT to define the morphological characteristics of the aneurysm, including precise diameter and length measurements. Technical success was achieved in 182 (98%) of the endovascular procedures, as intraoperative conversions to open repair and/or aborted procedures occurred in four patients. The perioperative (30-day) mortality rate was 1% (two patients). During the follow-up period (9-60 months) CT, duplex ultrasound scanning and plain abdominal X-ray evaluation were performed at 3, 6, 12 months, and annually thereafter. Type I endoleak occurred in 12 patients (6.6%), required a further endovascular procedure (11) or late conversion to open repair (1). Type II endoleak occurred in five patients (3%). In our clinical experience the endovascular repair of AAA is a safe and effective technique with good mid-term results in patients at standard and high risk.

  11. Superior outcomes for rural patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair supports a systematic regional approach to abdominal aortic aneurysm care.

    PubMed

    Mell, Matthew W; Bartels, Christie; Kind, Amy; Leverson, Glen; Smith, Maureen

    2012-09-01

    The impact of geographic isolation on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) care in the United States is unknown. It has been postulated but not proven that rural patients have less access to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), vascular surgeons, and high-volume treatment centers than their urban counterparts, resulting in inferior AAA care. The purpose of this study was to compare the national experience for treatment of intact AAA for patients living in rural areas or towns with those living in urban areas. Patients who underwent intact AAA repair in 2005 to 2006 were identified from a standard 5% random sample of all Medicare beneficiaries. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, type of repair, and specialty of operating surgeon were collected. Hospitals were stratified into quintiles by yearly AAA volume. Primary outcomes included 30-day mortality and rehospitalization. A total of 2616 patients had repair for intact AAA (40% open, 60% EVAR). Patients from rural and urban areas were equally likely to receive EVAR (rural 60% vs urban 61%; P = .99) and be treated by a vascular surgeon (rural 48% vs urban 50%; P = .82). Most rural patients (86%) received care in urban centers. Primary outcomes occurred in 11.6% of rural patients (1.3% 30-day mortality; 10.3% rehospitalization) vs 16.0% of urban patients (3% 30-day mortality, 13% rehospitalization; P = .04). In multivariate analyses, rural residence was independently associated with treatment at high-volume centers (odds ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-2.01; P < .0001) and decreased death or rehospitalization (odds ratio, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.49-0.97; P = .03). Despite geographic isolation, patients in rural areas needing treatment for intact AAAs have equivalent access to EVAR and vascular surgeons, increased referral to high-volume hospitals, and improved outcomes after repair. This suggests that urban patients may be disadvantaged even with nearby access to high-quality centers. This study

  12. Impact of hospital market competition on endovascular aneurysm repair adoption and outcomes.

    PubMed

    Sethi, Rosh K V; Henry, Antonia J; Hevelone, Nathanael D; Lipsitz, Stuart R; Belkin, Michael; Nguyen, Louis L

    2013-09-01

    The share of total abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repairs performed by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) increased rapidly from 32% in 2001 to 65% in 2006 with considerable variation between states. We hypothesized that hospitals in competitive markets were early EVAR adopters and had improved AAA repair outcomes. Nationwide Inpatient Sample and linked Hospital Market Structure (HMS) data was queried for patients who underwent repair for nonruptured AAA in 2003. In HMS, the Herfindahl Hirschman Index (HHI, range 0-1) is a validated and widely accepted economic measure of competition. Hospital markets were defined using a variable geographic radius that encompassed 90% of discharged patients. We conducted bivariate and multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses for the dependent variable of EVAR use. A propensity score-adjusted multivariable logistic regression model was used to control for treatment bias in the assessment of competition on AAA repair outcomes. A weighted total of 21,600 patients was included in our analyses. Patients at more competitive hospitals (lower HHI) were at increased odds of undergoing EVAR vs open repair (odds ratio, 1.127 per 0.1 decrease in HHI; P < .0127) after adjusting for patient demographics, comorbidities, and hospital level factors (bed size, teaching status, AAA repair volume, and ownership). Competition was not associated with differences in in-hospital mortality or vascular, neurologic, or other minor postoperative complications. Greater hospital competition is significantly associated with increased EVAR adoption at a time when diffusion of this technology passed its tipping point. Hospital competition does not influence post-AAA repair outcomes. These results suggest that adoption of novel vascular technology is not solely driven by clinical indications but may also be influenced by market forces. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Outcomes of Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A Nationwide Survey in Japan.

    PubMed

    Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Ishimaru, Shin; Sasabuchi, Yusuke; Yasunaga, Hideo; Komori, Kimihiro

    2017-09-06

    To analyze data on patients treated with a bifurcated stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The Japan Committee for Stentgraft Management (JACSM) was established in 2007 to manage the safety of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in Japan. The JACSM registry includes detailed anatomical and clinical data of all patients who undergo stent graft insertion in Japan. Among 51,380 patients treated with bifurcated stent graft for AAA, we identified 38,008 eligible patients (excluding those with rupture or insufficient data). The analyzed factors included age, sex, comorbidities, AAA pathology and etiology, aneurysm and neck diameters, 7 anti-instructions for use (IFU) factors, and endoleaks at hospital discharge. The endpoints were death, adverse events, sac dilatation (≥5 mm), and reintervention. The rates of intraoperative and in-hospital mortality were 0.08% and 1.07%, respectively. Infectious aneurysm and pseudo-aneurysm were associated with overall survival and reintervention. Older age, large aneurysm diameter, and all types of persistent endoleaks were strong predictors of adverse events, sac dilatation, and reintervention. Comorbid cerebrovascular disease, renal dysfunction, and respiratory disorders were also risk factors. In total, 47.6% of patients violated the IFU; among the anti-IFU factors assessed, poor access and severe neck calcification were strong risk factors for mortality, reintervention, and adverse events. The sac dilatation rate at 5 years was 23.3%. Although the analysis included EVAR with poor anatomy, the perioperative mortality rate was acceptable compared with that in previous large population studies.

  14. Endovascular repair versus open surgery in patients in the treatment of the ruptured of aneurysms abdominal.

    PubMed

    Novo Martínez, Gloria María; Ballesteros Pomar, Marta; Menéndez Sánchez, Elena; Santos Alcántara, Eliezer; Rodríguez Fernández, Inés; Zorita Calvo, Andrés Manuel

    2017-01-01

    Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm is still a difficult challenge for the vascular surgeon due to the high perioperative mortality. The aim of our study is to describe the characteristics of the population as well as to compare morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing open surgery or endovascular repair in our center. Database with 82 rAAA between January 2002-December 2014, studying two cohorts, open surgery and endovascular repair. Epidemiologic, clinical, surgical techniques, perioperative mortality and complications are analyzed. 82 rAAA cases were operated (men: 80, women: 2). Mean age 72±9.6 years. 76.8% (63 cases) was performed by open surgery. smokers 59, 7%, alcoholism 19.5%, DM 10.9%, AHT: 53.6%, dyslipidemia 30.5%. The most frequent clinical presentation was abdominal pain with lumbar irradiation: 50 cases (20.7% associating syncope). Overall hospital mortality was 58.5%. Hemodynamic shock prior to intervention was associated with increased mortality (p <.001). Anemia, leukocytosis, aneurysm size, sex and age did not show a statistically significant difference with respect to mortality (p>.05). The presence of iliac aneurysms was associated with increased mortality (p <.0045). Perioperative mortality in endovascular repair was 42%, and in open surgery was 63.5% (p>.05). Hospital stay was lower in the endovascular group (p=.3859). Hemodynamic shock and the presence of concomitant iliac aneurysms have a statistically significant association with perioperative mortality in both groups. We found clinically significant differences in mortality, complications and hospital stay when comparing both groups with better results for EVAR, without statistically significant differences. Copyright © 2016 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Thoracoabdominal aortic replacement for Crawford extent II aneurysm after thoracic endovascular aortic repair

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Haiou; Zheng, Tie; Zhu, Junming; Liu, Yongmin; Qi, Ruidong

    2017-01-01

    Background The surgical treatment of Crawford extent II aneurysms after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) remains challenging, because of the need to remove the failed endograft and the complexity of the aortic reconstruction. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with surgical management of Crawford extent II aneurysms after TEVAR using thoracoabdominal aortic replacement (TAAR). Methods Eleven patients (10 males, 1 female) with Crawford extent II aneurysm after TEVAR were treated with TAAR between August 2012 and May 2015. The indications included: diameter >5.0 cm; persistent pain; size increase >0.5 cm/year; and no suitable landing zone for re-TEVAR. Five patients underwent surgery under deep hypothermic cardiac arrest, two under mild hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, and four under direct aortic cross-clamping under normothermia. Two patients had Marfan syndrome. Results There were no in-hospital deaths. Continuous renal replacement therapy was required in three patients. One patient needed re-intubation, and two patients had prolonged intubation (>72 h). One patient sustained paraplegia after surgery but recovered during follow-up. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage were used in four patients (3 immediately in the operation room, and 1 in the intensive care unit when the patient suffered paraplegia). One patient died during follow-up. Conclusions TAAR represents a feasible option for the treatment of Crawford extent II aneurysms after TEVAR, with acceptable surgical risks and favorable results. PMID:28203407

  16. The impact of endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm on the gastrointestinal and renal function.

    PubMed

    Makar, R R; Badger, S A; O'Donnell, M E; Soong, C V; Lau, L L; Young, I S; Hannon, R J; Lee, B

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Systemic effects of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) may be altered by the mode of surgery. This study aimed to determine systemic effects of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) compared to open repair (OR). Patients and Methods. Consecutive patients with rAAA were repaired by OR or EVAR according to computerised tomographic (CT) findings. Renal function was monitored by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum urea and creatinine, and urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR). Hepatic function was assessed postoperatively for 5 days. Intestinal function was determined by the paracetamol absorption test. Intestinal permeability was assessed by urinary lactulose/mannitol ratio. Results. 30 rAAA patients were included. Fourteen had eEVAR and sixteen eOR. Serum urea were higher in eOR, while creatinine was similar between groups. Hepatic function showed no intergroup difference. Paracetamol absorption was increased in eEVAR group at day 3 compared to day 1 (P = 0.03), with no similar result in eOR (P = 0.24). Peak lactulose/mannitol ratio was higher in eOR (P = 0.03), with higher urinary L/M ratio in eOR at day 3 (P = 0.02). Clinical intestinal function returned quicker in eEVAR (P = 0.02). Conclusion. EVAR attenuated the organ dysfunction compared to open repair. However, a larger comparative trial would be required to validate this. The clinical trial is registered with reference number EUDRACT: 2013-003373-12.

  17. Outcomes following endovascular vs open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Lederle, Frank A; Freischlag, Julie A; Kyriakides, Tassos C; Padberg, Frank T; Matsumura, Jon S; Kohler, Ted R; Lin, Peter H; Jean-Claude, Jessie M; Cikrit, Dolores F; Swanson, Kathleen M; Peduzzi, Peter N

    2009-10-14

    Limited data are available to assess whether endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) improves short-term outcomes compared with traditional open repair. To compare postoperative outcomes up to 2 years after endovascular or open repair of AAA in a planned interim report of a 9-year trial. A randomized, multicenter clinical trial of 881 veterans (aged > or = 49 years) from 42 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with eligible AAA who were candidates for both elective endovascular repair and open repair of AAA. The trial is ongoing and this report describes the period between October 15, 2002, and October 15, 2008. Elective endovascular (n = 444) or open (n = 437) repair of AAA. Procedure failure, secondary therapeutic procedures, length of stay, quality of life, erectile dysfunction, major morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up was 1.8 years. Perioperative mortality (30 days or inpatient) was lower for endovascular repair (0.5% vs 3.0%; P = .004), but there was no significant difference in mortality at 2 years (7.0% vs 9.8%, P = .13). Patients in the endovascular repair group had reduced median procedure time (2.9 vs 3.7 hours), blood loss (200 vs 1000 mL), transfusion requirement (0 vs 1.0 units), duration of mechanical ventilation (3.6 vs 5.0 hours), hospital stay (3 vs 7 days), and intensive care unit stay (1 vs 4 days), but required substantial exposure to fluoroscopy and contrast. There were no differences between the 2 groups in major morbidity, procedure failure, secondary therapeutic procedures, aneurysm-related hospitalizations, health-related quality of life, or erectile function. In this report of short-term outcomes after elective AAA repair, perioperative mortality was low for both procedures and lower for endovascular than open repair. The early advantage of endovascular repair was not offset by increased morbidity or mortality in the first 2 years after repair. Longer-term outcome data are needed to fully assess the relative merits of the

  18. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in the Presence of a Transplanted Kidney

    SciTech Connect

    Silverberg, Daniel Yalon, Tal; Halak, Moshe

    2015-08-15

    PurposeTo present our experience performing endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in kidney transplanted patients.MethodsA retrospective review of all patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) performed at our institution from 2007 to 2014. We identified all patients who had previously undergone a kidney transplant. Data collected included: comorbidities, preoperative imaging modalities, indication for surgery, stent graft configurations, pre- and postoperative renal function, perioperative complications, and survival rates.ResultsA total of 267 EVARs were performed. Six (2 %) had a transplanted kidney. Mean age was 74 (range, 64–82) years; five were males. Mean time from transplantation to EVAR was 7.5 (range, 2–12) years. Five underwent preoperative planning with noncontrast modalities only. Devices used included bifurcated (n = 3), aortouniiliac (n = 2), and tube (n = 1) stent grafts. Technical success was achieved in all patients. None experienced deterioration in renal function. Median follow-up was 39 (range, 6–51) months. Four patients were alive at the time of the study. Two patients expired during the period of follow-up from unrelated causes.ConclusionsEVAR is an effective modality for the management of AAAs in the coexistence of a transplanted kidney. It can be performed with minimal morbidity and mortality without harming the transplanted kidney. Special consideration should be given to device configuration to minimize damage to the renal graft.

  19. Esophageal and Bronchial Perforations After Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Replacement: Successful Repair with Covered Metallic Stents

    SciTech Connect

    Sueyoshi, Eijun; Imada, Tatsuya; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka; Hayashi, Kuniaki

    2003-09-15

    Esophageal and bronchial perforations are rare but potentially fatal complications of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm replacement. This report presents a 67-year-old man with both esophageal and bronchial perforations that occurred after descending thoracic aortic aneurysm replacement. Surgical repair was performed, but the lesions perforated again. Two covered metallic stent prostheses introduced into both the esophagus and left main bronchus led to the improvement of mediastinitis by sealing the perforations. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing successful treatment for esophageal and bronchial perforations using covered metallic stents. Placement of covered metallic stents can be an option for the treatment of patients with esophagorespiratory tract perforations, especially those who are in critical condition.

  20. Treatment of Type II Endoleaks After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Transcaval Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Mansueto, Giancarlo Cenzi, Daniela; D'Onofrio, Mirko; Petrella, Enrico; Gumbs, Andrew A.; Mucelli, Roberto Pozzi

    2005-06-15

    The purpose of the note is to describe a new technique for type II endoleak treatment, using an alternative approach through femoral venous access. Three patients who developed type II endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm were treated with direct transcaval puncture and embolization inside the aneurysm sac. The detailed technique is described. All patients were treated without any complications and discharged 48 hours after the treatment. At 1 month follow-up the computed tomograph scan did not show a recurrence of a type II endoleak. The management of patients with type II endoleak is a controversial issue and different techniques have been proposed. We suggest an alternative technique for type II endoleak treatment. The feasibility and the advantages of this approach can offer new possibilities for the diagnosis as well as for the treatment of this complication.

  1. Thromboembolic complications after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with neck thrombus.

    PubMed

    Shintani, Tsunehiro; Mitsuoka, Hiroshi; Atsuta, Kouji; Saitou, Takaaki; Higashi, Shigeki

    2013-04-01

    To evaluate outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with neck thrombus. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent EVAR for AAA at our institution from 2007 to 2011. Patients with ruptured AAA, chronic renal failure, or hostile neck characteristics other than thrombus were excluded. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group T (with neck thrombus) and group N (without neck thrombus). We compared complications and mid-term outcomes. There were no differences in success rates between the groups, but there were higher rates of thromboembolic complications such as distal embolization (20% vs 0%, P = .02) and renal dysfunction (36.8% vs 11.1%, P = .03) in group T than in group N. Suprarenal thrombus and suprarenal fixation in the presence of suprarenal thrombus were associated with postoperative renal dysfunction (P = .01). The EVAR for AAA with neck thrombus is associated with thromboembolic complications.

  2. Ischemic skin ulceration complicating glue embolization of type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Bailey, Marc A; McPherson, Simon J; Troxler, Max A; Peach, A Howard S; Patel, Jai V; Scott, D Julian A

    2011-02-01

    The optimal treatment for type II endoleaks remains unclear. The present report describes a case of ischemic skin ulceration after glue embolization of a type II endoleak with challenging access in a multiply comorbid 82-year-old woman with an expanding aneurysm sac 3 years after endovascular aneurysm repair. Embolization was performed from a proximal position with an n-butyl cyanoacrylate/Ethiodol mixture to allow flow into the endoleak because direct sac puncture was hazardous. One week after intervention, an eschar, which progressed to superficial necrosis as a result of partial nontarget delivery of sclerosant, developed over the left iliac crest. The eschar was self-limiting, with complete resolution by 6 months. Copyright © 2011 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a patient with bilateral autotransplanted kidneys.

    PubMed

    Neelakandhan, K S; Muralidhar, R; Unnikrishnan, M; Ravimandalam, K

    1994-04-01

    The case is presented of a 38-year-old male who presented with a large 10 cm x 8 cm pulsatile swelling in his abdomen. Thirteen years before, internal iliac arteries had been used to treat long segment occlusions and diseased state of both renal arteries. At the same time both kidneys had been transplanted to the iliac fossae. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a huge abdominal aortic aneurysm. Both kidneys were fully functional. As the renal transplants had been done extraperitoneally an easy transperitoneal approach was now possible. The maximum diameter of the aneurysm was 12 cm. An inclusion graft repair was carried out using a 16-mm woven Dacron graft. In the light of the favourable circumstances it was decided not to take any special protective measures against renal ischemia apart from keeping the aortic cross-clamp time short. The patient could be discharged with patent and normally functioning kidneys 10 days after surgery.

  4. Transcaval Aortic Access for Percutaneous Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Initial Human Experience

    PubMed Central

    Uflacker, Andre; Lim, Scott; Ragosta, Michael; Haskal, Ziv J; Lederman, Robert J.; Kern, John; Upchurch, Gilbert; Huber, Timothy; Angle, John F.; Ailawadi, Gorav

    2015-01-01

    Transcaval aortic access has been used for deployment of transcatheter aortic valves in patients in whom conventional arterial approaches are not feasible. The present report describes its use for thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in a 61-year-old man with a descending thoracic aneurysm. Transcaval access was performed in lieu of a surgical iliac conduit in view of small atherosclerotic pelvic arteries. TEVAR was successfully performed, followed by intervascular tract occlusion with the use of a ventricular septal occluder. Computed tomography 2 d later demonstrated no extravasation. At 1 mo, the aneurysm was free of endoleaks, the aortocaval tract had healed, and the patient had returned to baseline functional status. PMID:26408210

  5. Cholesterol crystal embolism and delayed-onset paraplegia after thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Nasr, Bahaa; Schneider, Fabrice; Marques da Fonseca, Pedro; Gouny, Pierre

    2014-07-01

    Postoperative paraplegia caused by ischemic injury of the spinal cord is the most disabling complication of thoracoabdominal surgery. We described the case of a 75-year-old patient who underwent a thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair (type IV aneurysm according to Crawford classification). The aorta clamping was done at the T11 level without specific medullary protection. The first postoperative week was uneventful. On the postoperative day 8, renal failure and livedo of the left lower limb occurred together with complete hypotonic paraplegia and severe sepsis. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a gangrenous cholecystitis, and skin biopsies showed cholesterol crystals embolisms in the hypodermis small arteries. The patient died on the postoperative day 28 from a multiorgan failure. In this case, paraplegia was due to cholesterol crystal embolism, which migrated secondarily after aortic clamping. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Amnesia following the rupture and repair of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm.

    PubMed Central

    Volpe, B T; Hirst, W

    1983-01-01

    Clinical analysis and neuropsychological criteria derived from experimental studies of human amnesic syndromes, particularly the alcoholic Korsakoff's syndrome, have been used to characterise an unusual form of amnesia that occurred in two patients after rupture of an anterior communication cerebral artery aneurysm. Intraoperative observation and multiple CT scans did not reveal focal brain damage. Arteriography showed that both patients had arterial vasospasm. The amnesia has persisted over three years since the surgery. Study of the characteristics of their amnesia showed several features in common with other amnesic syndromes, including severely depressed free recall, and less depressed recognition of visual and verbal material. Chronic amnesic syndromes with characteristics of classical amnesic syndromes occur infrequently after rupture and repair of intracranial aneurysms, and, if not caused by parenchymal haemorrhage, may follow pre-operative vasospasm. PMID:6886715

  7. Use of T-Stat to predict colonic ischemia during and after endovascular aneurysm repair: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lee, Eugene S; Pevec, William C; Link, Daniel P; Dawson, David L

    2008-03-01

    As surgeons become more aggressive in treating aneurysms with endovascular techniques, traditional surgical principles of preserving internal iliac arteries and the inferior mesenteric artery have been challenged. A case is presented where the T-Stat device (Spectros Corp, Portola Valley, Calif), an optical real-time sensor approved by United States Food and Drug Administration for measuring colon ischemia, was used as an adjunctive measure to assist in the successful endovascular aneurysm repair in a patient at high risk for colon ischemia.

  8. Cost Analysis of Endovascular versus Open Repair in the Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms

    PubMed Central

    Gillen, Jacob R.; Schaheen, Basil W.; Yount, Kenan W.; Cherry, Kenneth J.; Kern, John A.; Kron, Irving L.; Upchurch, Gilbert R.; Lau, Christine L.

    2014-01-01

    Objective For descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs), it is generally considered that endovascular stents (TEVARs) reduce operative morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. However, long-term differences in patient survival have not been demonstrated, and an increased need for aortic reintervention has been observed. Many assume that TEVAR becomes less cost effective through time due to higher rates of reintervention and surveillance imaging. This study investigated mid-term outcomes and hospital costs of TEVAR compared with open TAA repair. Methods This was a retrospective, single institution review of elective thoracic aortic aneurysm repairs between 2005 and 2012. Patient demographics, operative outcomes, reintervention rates, and hospital costs were assessed. The literature was also reviewed to determine commonly observed complication and reintervention rates for TEVAR and open repair. Monte Carlo simulation was utilized to model and forecast hospital costs for TEVAR and open TAA repair up to 3 years post-intervention. Results Our cohort consisted of 131 TEVARs and 27 open repairs. TEVAR patients were significantly older (67.2 vs. 58.7, p=0.02) and trended towards a more severe comorbidity profile. Operative mortality for TEVAR and open repair was 5.3% and 3.7%, respectively (p=1.0). There was a trend towards more complications in the TEVAR group, although not statistically significant (all p>0.05). In-hospital costs were significantly greater in the TEVAR group ($52,008 vs. $37,172, p=0.001). However, cost modeling utilizing reported complication and reintervention rates from the literature overlaid with our cost data produced a higher cost for the open group in-hospital ($55,109 vs. $48,006) and at 3 years ($58,426 vs. $52,825). Interestingly, TEVAR hospital costs, not reintervention rates, were the most significant driver of cost in the TEVAR group. Conclusions Our institutional data showed a trend toward lower mortality and

  9. 3D printing of an aortic aneurysm to facilitate decision making and device selection for endovascular aneurysm repair in complex neck anatomy.

    PubMed

    Tam, Matthew D B S; Laycock, Stephen D; Brown, James R I; Jakeways, Matthew

    2013-12-01

    To describe rapid prototyping or 3-dimensional (3D) printing of aneurysms with complex neck anatomy to facilitate endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A 75-year-old man had a 6.6-cm infrarenal aortic aneurysm that appeared on computed tomographic angiography to have a sharp neck angulation of ~90°. However, although the computed tomography (CT) data were analyzed using centerline of flow, the true neck length and relations of the ostial origins were difficult to determine. No multidisciplinary consensus could be reached as to which stent-graft to use owing to these borderline features of the neck anatomy. Based on past experience with rapid prototyping technology, a decision was taken to print a model of the aneurysm to aid in visualization of the neck anatomy. The CT data were segmented, processed, and converted into a stereolithographic format representing the lumen as a 3D volume, from which a full-sized replica was printed within 24 hours. The model demonstrated that the neck was adequate for stent-graft repair using the Aorfix device. Rapid prototyping of aortic aneurysms is feasible and can aid decision making and device delivery. Further work is required to test the value of 3D replicas in planning procedures and their impact on procedure time, radiation dose, and procedure cost.

  10. Hybrid procedure for celiac trunk aneurysm repair via left reno-splenic bypass and stent-graft deployment.

    PubMed

    Gabrielli, Roberto; Rosati, Maria Sofia; Siani, Andrea; Chiappa, Roberto; Caselli, Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    Celiac trunk aneurysm is one of the rarest forms of splanchnic artery aneurysm. Conventional open vascular surgery is associated with increased rates of morbidity and mortality and can require complex vascular reconstruction.We describe the case of a 42-year-old patient with celiac trunk aneurysm whom we treated by means of a hybrid surgical-endovascular procedure. We performed a left reno-splenic bypass, after which we used a direct splenic artery approach to deploy a self-expandable 6 × 50-mm stent-graft across the splenic and hepatic arteries. One year later, the stability of the repair was confirmed.

  11. Hybrid Procedure for Celiac Trunk Aneurysm Repair via Left Reno-Splenic Bypass and Stent-Graft Deployment

    PubMed Central

    Gabrielli, Roberto; Rosati, Maria Sofia; Siani, Andrea; Chiappa, Roberto; Caselli, Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    Celiac trunk aneurysm is one of the rarest forms of splanchnic artery aneurysm. Conventional open vascular surgery is associated with increased rates of morbidity and mortality and can require complex vascular reconstruction. We describe the case of a 42-year-old patient with celiac trunk aneurysm whom we treated by means of a hybrid surgical-endovascular procedure. We performed a left reno-splenic bypass, after which we used a direct splenic artery approach to deploy a self-expandable 6 × 50-mm stent-graft across the splenic and hepatic arteries. One year later, the stability of the repair was confirmed. PMID:22719156

  12. Predicting failure to rescue after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in elderly patients.

    PubMed

    Hicks, Caitlin W; O'Kelly, Anna; Obeid, Tammam; Locham, Satinderjit; Malas, Mahmoud B

    2017-09-01

    We aim to describe trends in failure to rescue (FTR) among elderly patients undergoing elective open aortic aneurysm repair (OAR) and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). All patients aged ≥80 y recorded in the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2002-2014) undergoing nonruptured infrarenal AAA repair were included. Primary outcome was FTR, defined as percentage of deaths in patients who had a complication within 30 d of surgery. Univariable and multivariable statistics were used to identify risk factors for FTR following OAR and EVAR procedures. 975 elderly patients underwent AAA repair during the study period (EVAR = 667, OAR = 308). Overall FTR was 10%, most commonly related to acute kidney injury (62%) and respiratory failure (53%). Independent predictors of FTR included female gender (odds ratio [OR] 1.95), multiple comorbidities (OR 1.98), renal insufficiency (OR 1.97), peripheral vascular disease (OR 2.42), and perioperative vasopressor use (OR 4.49) (all, P < 0.02). Obesity was protective (OR 0.58, P = 0.02). FTR was higher following OAR versus EVAR (14% versus 9%; P = 0.02) on univariable analysis, but there was no significant difference between operative approaches after risk adjustment (OR 1.15, P = 0.60). Comparing elderly versus younger patients (n = 2854), FTR was significantly higher for the elderly for both OAR (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.36-3.01) and EVAR (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.07-2.40). FTR after AAA repair is not uncommon among elderly patients and could explain the higher mortality observed in this group compared to the general population. Overall health status should be carefully considered when weighing the risks versus benefits of performing AAA repair in patients aged ≥80 y. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Evaluation of texture for classification of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    García, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; De Blas, Mariano

    2012-06-01

    The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complications cannot always be detected by visual inspection on CTA scans. The investigation on new techniques to detect endoleaks and analyse their effects on treatment evolution is of great importance for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) technique. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the capability of texture features obtained from the aneurysmatic thrombus CT images to discriminate different types of evolutions caused by endoleaks. The regions of interest (ROIs) from patients with different post-EVAR evolution were extracted by experienced radiologists. Three techniques were applied to each ROI to obtain texture parameters, namely the grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the grey level run length matrix (GLRLM) and the grey level difference method (GLDM). The results showed that GLCM, GLRLM and GLDM features presented a good discrimination ability to differentiate between favourable or unfavourable evolutions. GLCM was the most efficient in terms of classification accuracy (93.41% ± 0.024) followed by GLRLM (90.17% ± 0.077) and finally by GLDM (81.98% ± 0.045). According to the results, we can consider texture analysis as complementary information to classified abdominal aneurysm evolution after EVAR.

  14. Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors of Cerebral Infarction in 439 Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Kanaoka, Yuji; Ohki, Takao; Maeda, Koji; Baba, Takeshi; Fujita, Tetsuji

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of the study is to identify the potential risk factors of cerebral infarction associated with thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR). TEVAR was developed as a less invasive surgical alternative to conventional open repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm treatment. However, outcomes following TEVAR of aortic and distal arch aneurysms remain suboptimal. Cerebral infarction is a major concern during the perioperative period. We included 439 patients who underwent TEVAR of aortic aneurysms at a high-volume teaching hospital between July 2006 and June 2013. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify perioperative cerebral infarction risk factors. Four patients (0.9%) died within 30 days of TEVAR; 17 (3.9%) developed cerebral infarction. In univariate analysis, history of ischemic heart disease and cerebral infarction and concomitant cerebrovascular disease were significantly associated with cerebral infarction. “Shaggy aorta” presence, left subclavian artery coverage, carotid artery debranching, and pull-through wire use were identified as independent risk factors of cerebral infarction. In multivariate analysis, history of ischemic heart disease (odds ratio [OR] 6.49, P = 0.046) and cerebral infarction (OR 43.74, P = 0.031), “shaggy aorta” (OR 30.32, P < 0.001), pull-through wire use during surgery (OR 7.196, P = 0.014), and intraoperative blood loss ≥800 mL (OR 24.31, P = 0.017) were found to be independent risk factors of cerebral infarction. This study identified patient- and procedure-related risk factors of cerebral infarction following TEVAR. These results indicate that patient outcomes could be improved through the identification and management of procedure-related risk factors. PMID:27082585

  15. Early patency rate and fate of reattached intercostal arteries after repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Omura, Atsushi; Yamanaka, Katsuhiro; Miyahara, Shunsuke; Sakamoto, Toshihito; Inoue, Takeshi; Okada, Kenji; Okita, Yutaka

    2014-06-01

    The present study analyzes the early patency of intercostal artery reconstruction, using graft interposition and aortic patch anastomosis, and determines the fate of reattached intercostal arteries after repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. We selected 115 patients (mean age, 63 ± 15 years; range, 19-83 years; male, n = 83) treated by thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair with 1 or more reconstructed intercostal arteries at the Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine between October 1999 and December 2012. The intercostal arteries were reconstructed using graft interposition (n = 66), aortic patch anastomosis (n = 42), or both (n = 7). The hospital mortality rate was 7.8% (n = 9). Eleven patients (9.6%) developed spinal cord ischemic injury (permanent, n = 6, transient, n = 5). The average number of reconstructed intercostal arteries per patient was 3.0 ± 1.5 (1-7), and 345 intercostal arteries were reattached. The overall patency rate was 74.2% (256/345) and that of aortic patch anastomosis was significantly better than that of graft interposition (90.8% [109/120] vs 65.3% [147/225], P < .01), but significantly worse for patients with than without spinal cord ischemic injury (51.9% [14/27] vs 76.1% [242/318], P = .01). There was no patch aneurysm in graft interposition during a mean of 49 ± 38 (range, 2-147) postoperative months, but aortic patch anastomosis including 4 intercostal arteries became dilated in 2 patients. Aortic patch anastomosis might offer better patency rates and prevent spinal cord ischemic injury compared with graft interposition. Although aneurysmal changes in intercostal artery reconstructions are rare, large blocks of aortic wall reconstruction should be closely monitored. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors of Cerebral Infarction in 439 Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Kanaoka, Yuji; Ohki, Takao; Maeda, Koji; Baba, Takeshi; Fujita, Tetsuji

    2016-04-01

    The aim of the study is to identify the potential risk factors of cerebral infarction associated with thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR). TEVAR was developed as a less invasive surgical alternative to conventional open repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm treatment. However, outcomes following TEVAR of aortic and distal arch aneurysms remain suboptimal. Cerebral infarction is a major concern during the perioperative period. We included 439 patients who underwent TEVAR of aortic aneurysms at a high-volume teaching hospital between July 2006 and June 2013. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify perioperative cerebral infarction risk factors. Four patients (0.9%) died within 30 days of TEVAR; 17 (3.9%) developed cerebral infarction. In univariate analysis, history of ischemic heart disease and cerebral infarction and concomitant cerebrovascular disease were significantly associated with cerebral infarction. "Shaggy aorta" presence, left subclavian artery coverage, carotid artery debranching, and pull-through wire use were identified as independent risk factors of cerebral infarction. In multivariate analysis, history of ischemic heart disease (odds ratio [OR] 6.49, P = 0.046) and cerebral infarction (OR 43.74, P = 0.031), "shaggy aorta" (OR 30.32, P < 0.001), pull-through wire use during surgery (OR 7.196, P = 0.014), and intraoperative blood loss ≥800 mL (OR 24.31, P = 0.017) were found to be independent risk factors of cerebral infarction. This study identified patient- and procedure-related risk factors of cerebral infarction following TEVAR. These results indicate that patient outcomes could be improved through the identification and management of procedure-related risk factors.

  17. Duplex ultrasound and computed tomography angiography in the follow-up of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a comparative study*

    PubMed Central

    Cantador, Alex Aparecido; Siqueira, Daniel Emílio Dalledone; Jacobsen, Octavio Barcellos; Baracat, Jamal; Pereira, Ines Minniti Rodrigues; Menezes, Fábio Hüsemann; Guillaumon, Ana Terezinha

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare duplex ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) angiography in terms of their performance in detecting endoleaks, as well as in determining the diameter of the aneurysm sac, in the postoperative follow-up of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Materials and Methods This was a prospective study involving 30 patients who had undergone endovascular repair of infrarenal aortoiliac aneurysms. Duplex ultrasound and CT angiography were performed simultaneously by independent radiologists. Measurements of the aneurysm sac diameter were assessed, and the presence or absence of endoleaks was determined. Results The average diameter of the aneurysm sac, as determined by duplex ultrasound and CT angiography was 6.09 ± 1.95 and 6.27 ± 2.16 cm, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient showing a statistically significant correlation (R = 0.88; p < 0.01). Comparing the duplex ultrasound and CT angiography results regarding the detection of endoleaks, we found that the former had a negative predictive value of 92.59% and a specificity of 96.15%. Conclusion Our results show that there is little variation between the two methods evaluated, and that the choice between the two would have no significant effect on clinical management. Duplex ultrasound could replace CT angiography in the postoperative follow-up of endovascular aneurysm repair of the infrarenal aorta, because it is a low-cost procedure without the potential clinical complications related to the use of iodinated contrast and exposure to radiation. PMID:27777476

  18. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Is Imaging Surveillance Robust, and Does It Influence Long-term Mortality?

    SciTech Connect

    Waduud, Mohammed Abdul; Choong, Wen Ling; Ritchie, Moira Williams, Claire; Yadavali, Reddi; Lim, Shueh; Buchanan, Fraser; Bhat, Raj; Ramanathan, Krishnappan; Ingram, Susan Cormack, Laura; Moss, Jonathan G.

    2015-02-15

    PurposeEndovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is the dominant treatment strategy for abdominal aortic aneurysms. However, as a result of uncertainty regarding long-term durability, an ongoing imaging surveillance program is required. The aim of the study was to assess EVAR surveillance in Scotland and its effect on all-cause and aneurysm-related mortality.MethodsA retrospective analysis of all EVAR procedures carried out in the four main Scottish vascular units. The primary outcome measure was the implementation of post-EVAR imaging surveillance across Scotland. Patients were identified locally and then categorized as having complete, incomplete, or no surveillance. Secondary outcome measures were all-cause mortality and aneurysm-related mortality. Cause of death was obtained from death certificates.ResultsData were available for 569 patients from the years 2001 to 2012. All centers had data for a minimum of 5 contiguous years. Surveillance ranged from 1.66 to 4.55 years (median 3.03 years). Overall, 53 % had complete imaging surveillance, 43 % incomplete, and 4 % none. For the whole cohort, all-cause 5-year mortality was 33.5 % (95 % confidence interval 28.0–38.6) and aneurysm-related mortality was 4.5 % (.8–7.3). All-cause mortality in patients with complete, incomplete, and no imaging was 49.9 % (39.2–58.6), 19.1 % (12.6–25.2), and 47.2 % (17.7–66.2), respectively. Aneurysm-related mortality was 3.7 % (1.8–7.4), 4.4 % (2.2–8.9), and 9.5 % (2.5–33.0), respectively. All-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with complete compared to incomplete imaging surveillance (p < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in aneurysm-related mortality (p = 0.2).ConclusionOnly half of EVAR patients underwent complete long-term imaging surveillance. However, incomplete imaging could not be linked to any increase in mortality. Further work is required to establish the role and deliverability of EVAR imaging surveillance.

  19. Type II Endoleak after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Natural History and Treatment Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Liana; Cowled, Prue; Boult, Margaret; Howell, Stuart; Fitridge, Robert

    2017-10-01

    The natural history of type II endoleaks and linkage to aneurysm rupture is unclear. Likewise, treatment recommendations are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence, factors associated with type II endoleaks, and outcomes in an Australia cohort of patients who have undergone endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Data from 693 patients who underwent EVAR between 2009 and 2013 at multiple institutions across Australia were studied. Patients who developed (1) type II endoleak and (2) type II endoleak with sac expansion were compared for preoperative demographics, mortality, sac expansion, aneurysm rupture, and intervention rates. A total of 225 patients developed type II endoleak over a mean follow-up of 1.9 years (±1.0 years), out of which 133 spontaneously resolved, 37 were untreated unresolved, and 16 underwent intervention. Type I and III endoleaks occurred in 50 and 19 patients, respectively. Smoking (P = 0.002) and warfarin (P = 0.044) were protective factors for development of type II endoleak, whereas age (P = 0.034), right iliac artery tortuosity (P = 0.031), and right (P = 0.008) and left external iliac diameters (P = 0.028) were risk factors for endoleak. Three patients suffered aneurysm ruptures in the entire cohort. All ruptures occurred in type II endoleak patients, of which two occurred after reintervention and in the absence of sac expansion (>5 mm). Late type II endoleak occurred in 117 patients, out of which 26 had sac expansion. Of those without late type II endoleak, 25 have sac expansion. There was no statistically significant difference in survival between those with and without type II endoleak. Age (P < 0.0001) and smoking (P = 0.001) were significant independent predictive factors for survival in this patient sample. Treatment outcomes were encouraging with most cases involving endoleak resolution (15 of 16 patients) and no sac expansion after intervention (0 of 8 patients with complete follow

  20. Visceral ischaemia and organ dysfunction after hybrid repair of complex thoraco-abdominal aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Biasi, Lukla; Tecchio, Tiziano; Ali, Tahir; Morgan, Rob; Loftus, Ian; Thompson, Matt

    2011-04-01

    The visceral hybrid repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms (TAAAs) is a feasible and relatively safe alternative to traditional open repair in a cohort of patients at high surgical risk, averting the need for thoracotomy and supra-coeliac aortic cross clamping. The visceral ischaemia-reperfusion syndrome and organ dysfunction following visceral debranching is still unkown. This study investigates the relationship between visceral ischemia and multi system organ dysfunction. 18 consecutive patients undergoing elective, urgent and emergent hybrid repair of TAAAs between February 2005 and October 2007 were prospectively analyzed. Preoperative organ dysfunction and intraoperative risk factors (operating time, extent of the aneurysm, number of visceral vessels by passed) were assessed and compared with postoperative organ dysfunction (pulmonary, hepatic, renal, pancreatic and haematological disorders). Blood sampling for neutrophil CD 11b quantification was performed at baseline, on postoperative days 1, 3, 7 and before discharge. Perioperative Multi System Organ Dysfunction (MSOD) was diagnosed in 22.2% of patients (n = 4/18). Three of these patients died within 30 days (16.7%, n = 3/18). No relationship between preoperative organ dysfunction, blood loss, or operative time and postoperative organ dysfunction was observed. A significant correlation between the visceral retrograde revascularization and postoperative neutrophil expression in MSOD patients regardless of preoperative neutrophil baseline, TAAA extent and number of vessels by passed was present. Upregulation of neutrophils may be responsible for the higher incidence of MSOD and it may be an important marker predicting a severe multiple organ failure following visceral debranching in hybrid procedures.

  1. Comparison of Transcranial Motor Evoked Potentials and Somatosensory Evoked Potentials During Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Meylaerts, Sven A.; Jacobs, Michael J.; van Iterson, Vincent; De Haan, Peter; Kalkman, Cor J.

    1999-01-01

    Objective To compare transcranial motor evoked potentials (tc-MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) as indicators of spinal cord function during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Summary Background Data Somatosensory evoked potentials reflect conduction in dorsal columns. tc-MEPs represent anterior horn motor neuron function. This is the first study to compare the techniques directly during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods In 38 patients, thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair (type I, n = 10, type II, n = 14, type III, n = 6, type IV, n = 8) was performed using left heart bypass and segmental artery reimplantation. tc-MEP amplitudes <25% and SSEP amplitudes <50% and/or latencies >110% were considered indicators of cord ischemia. The authors compared the response of both methods to interventions and correlated the responses at the end of surgery to neurologic outcomes. Results Ischemic tc-MEP changes occurred in 18/38 patients and could be restored by segmental artery reperfusion (n = 12) or by increasing blood pressure (n = 6). Significant SSEP changes accompanied these tc-MEP events in only 5/18 patients, with a delay of 2 to 34 minutes. SSEPs recovered in only two patients. In another 11 patients, SSEP amplitudes fell progressively to <50% of control without parallel tc-MEP changes or association with cross-clamp events or pressure decreases. At the end of the procedure, tc-MEP amplitudes were 84 ± 46% of control. In contrast, SSEP amplitudes were <50% of control in 15 patients (39%). No paraplegia occurred. Conclusion In all patients, tc-MEP events could be corrected by applying protective strategies. No patient awoke paraplegic. SSEPs showed delayed ischemia detection and a high rate of false-positive results. PMID:10615928

  2. Endovascular aortic repair of a postdissecting thoracoabdominal aneurysm using intraoperative fusion imaging.

    PubMed

    Kaladji, Adrien; Dumenil, Aurélien; Castro, Miguel; Haigron, Pascal; Heautot, Jean-François; Haulon, Stéphan

    2013-04-01

    Computer-aided imaging can aid complex endovascular repair of aortic dissections in locating the narrow true lumen and identifying perfusion of visceral vessels by the true and/or false lumen. Although these anatomic data are available for analysis during planning, they are not readily available during the procedure with conventional imaging systems. We report the use of "fusion imaging" to facilitate the treatment of a postdissection thoracoabdominal aneurysm. The preoperative computer tomographic angiograms were processed, and the true and the false lumens were individually color labeled. These data were then superimposed on the fluoroscopic images in order to facilitate deployment of a fenestrated endograft.

  3. Delayed renal dysfunction and flash pulmonary edema post endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Carron, Pierre-Louis; Piliero, Nicolas; Heitz, Morgane; Kribs, Marc; Rodière, Mathieu; Jousse, Patrick; Gunther-Calvino, Silvia; Thony, Frédéric

    2016-04-01

    After endovascular aortic repair (EVAR), the deterioration in long-term renal function is probably multifactorial. Preoperative renal failure is an independent risk factor. Postoperative renal dysfunction can be associated with inadvertent renal artery occlusion, renal artery complications as stenosis, plaque dislodgement, or dissection. Ischemic nephropathy can accelerate hypertension and circulatory congestion. We report a case of coverage of the renal arteries symptomatic with flash pulmonary edema and renal failure 15 months after EVAR, suggesting a delayed endograft migration. The patient had complete resolution of symptoms and renal function after renal artery stenting with placement between endograft and aneurysm to the left renal artery.

  4. Molded Parallel Endografts for Branch Vessel Preservation during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair in Challenging Anatomy

    PubMed Central

    Minion, David

    2012-01-01

    Parallel endografts (also known as snorkels or chimneys) are a proposed strategy for increasing the applicability of endovascular repair to aneurysms involving branch vessels. One major disadvantage of this strategy is the imperfect nature of seal inherent to having multiple side-by-side endografts. In this article, the use of odd-shaped parallel endografts to facilitate apposition and improve seal is proposed and a technique to mold a round stent graft into an “eye” shape using balloons is described. PMID:23730134

  5. Successful transfemoral aortic valve implantation through aortic stent graft after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Kawashima, Hideyuki; Watanabe, Yusuke; Kozuma, Ken

    2017-04-01

    The patient was a 91-year-old woman presenting with severe aortic valve stenosis. Pre-procedural computed tomography scan revealed a 45-mm abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TF-TAVI) was performed after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of the AAA. The 23-mm Edwards Sapien XT system passed through the aortic stent graft smoothly. This is the first case report showing that successful TF-TAVI can be performed through a prior abdominal aortic stent graft. TF-TAVI after EVAR of AAA is a feasible option for patients with extremely poor access.

  6. Results of Open and Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair According to the E-PASS Score

    PubMed Central

    Menezes, Fábio Hüsemann; Ferrarezi, Bárbara; de Souza, Moisés Amâncio; Cosme, Susyanne Lavor; Molinari, Giovani José Dal Poggetto

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm has become the standard of care due to a lower 30-day mortality, a lower morbidity, shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery. The role of open repair (OR) and to whom this type of operation should be offered is subject to discussion. Objective: To present a single center experience on the repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm, comparing the results of open and endovascular repairs. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional observational study including 286 patients submitted to OR and 91 patients submitted to EVAR. The mean follow-up for the OR group was 66 months and for the EVAR group was 39 months. Results: The overall mortality was 11.89% for OR and 7.69% for EVAR (P=0.263), EVAR presented a death relative risk of 0.647. It was also found a lower intraoperative bleeding for EVAR (OR=1417.48±1180.42 mL versus EVAR=597.80±488.81 mL, P<0.0002) and a shorter operative time for endovascular repair (OR=4.40±1.08 hours versus EVAR=3.58±1.26 hours, P<0.003). The postoperative complications presented no statistical difference between groups (OR=29.03% versus EVAR=25.27%, P=0.35). Conclusion: EVAR presents a better short term outcome than OR in all classes of physiologic risk. In order to train future vascular surgeons on OR, only young and healthy patients, who carry a very low risk of adverse events, should be selected, aiming at the long term durability of the procedure. PMID:27074271

  7. Comparative Effectiveness of Endovascular versus Open Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the Medicare Population

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, Samuel T.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.; O’Malley, A. James; Bensley, Rodney P.; Hurks, Rob; Cotterill, Philip; Landon, Bruce E.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is increasingly used for emergent treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). We sought to compare the perioperative and long-term mortality, procedure-related complications and rates of re-intervention of EVAR versus open aortic repair of rAAA in Medicare beneficiaries. Methods We examined perioperative and long-term mortality and complications after EVAR or open aortic repair performed for rAAA in all traditional Medicare beneficiaries discharged from a US hospital from 2001–2008. Patients were propensity score matched on baseline demographics, coexisting conditions, admission source, and hospital volume of rAAA repair and sensitivity analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of bias that might have resulted from unmeasured confounders Results Of 10,998 patients with repaired rAAA, 1126 underwent EVAR and 9872 underwent open repair. Propensity score matching yielded 1099 patient pairs. The average age was 78 years, and 72.4% were male. Perioperative mortality for EVAR and open repair were 33.8% and 47.7% respectively (p<0.001) and this difference persisted for more than four years. EVAR patients had higher rates of AAA-related reinterventions when compared with open repair patients (endovascular reintervention at 36 months 10.9% vs 1.5%, p<0.001), whereas open patients had more laparotomy related complications (incisional hernia repair at 36 months 1.8% vs. 6.2% p<0.001, all surgical complications at 36 months 4.4% vs. 9.1%, p<0.001). Use of EVAR for rAAA has increased from 6% of cases in 2001 to 31% of cases in 2008, while over the same time period overall 30-day mortality for admission for rAAA regardless of treatment has decreased from 55.8% to 50.9%. Conclusions EVAR for rAAA is associated with lower perioperative and long term mortality in Medicare beneficiaries. Increasing adoption of EVAR for rAAA is associated with an overall decrease in mortality of patients hospitalized

  8. Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Sac Rupture for Type IIIa Endoleak in Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Gianpaolo Mangini, Monica Bracchi, Elena Recaldini, Chiara; Cocozza, Eugenio; Piffaretti, Gabriele; Pellegrino, Carlo Lagana, Domenico Fugazzola, Carlo

    2010-08-15

    Elective endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathology has been applied in a variety of conditions. The complications of thoracic aortic stenting are also well recognized. Endoleak after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms is the most frequent complication; among them, type III is the least frequent. Endovascular treatment of type III endoleak is generally performed under elective conditions; less frequently, in emergency. We report a successful emergency endovascular management of post-thoracic endovascular repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture due to type IIIa endoleak.

  9. Successful endovascular repair of an aneurysm of the ductus diverticulum with a branched stent graft: case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Saito, Naritatsu; Kimura, Takeshi; Toma, Masanao; Teragaki, Masakazu; Minaminimura, Hiroyoshi; Kita, Toru; Inoue, Kanji

    2004-12-01

    Aneurysm of the ductus diverticulum rarely has been reported in adults, and the reported aneurysms were treated with conventional open surgery or were diagnosed at autopsy. We report a successful endovascular repair of an aneurysm of the ductus diverticulum with the Inoue branched stent graft. In a 78-year-old woman, an abnormal shadow was noted at the aortopulmonary window on a chest x-ray film. A computed tomography scan demonstrated a 3.8-cm saccular aneurysm, which protruded inferiorly from the distal end of the aortic arch. The aneurysm was considered an aneurysm of the ductus diverticulum, and surgery was required. However, the patient was considered at high risk for respiratory dysfunction with conventional open surgery. Endovascular repair with an Inoue single-branched stent graft was performed with the patient under local anesthesia, successfully and without complication or endoleak. To our knowledge, this is the first report of endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the ductus diverticulum.

  10. Transretroperitoneal CT-guided Embolization of Growing Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm after Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Transretroperitoneal Approach with Intramuscular Lidocaine Injection Technique

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Joon Young Kim, Shin Jung Kim, Hyoung Ook; Kim, Yong Tae; Lim, Nam Yeol Kim, Jae Kyu; Chung, Sang Young Choi, Soo Jin Na Lee, Ho Kyun

    2015-02-15

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided embolization of internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) after repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm by transretroperitoneal approach using the lidocaine injection technique to iliacus muscle, making window for safe needle path for three patients for whom CT-guided embolization of IIAA was performed by transretroperitoneal approach with intramuscular lidocaine injection technique. Transretroperitoneal access to the IIAA was successful in all three patients. In all three patients, the IIAA was first embolized using microcoils. The aneurysmal sac was then embolized with glue and coils without complication. With a mean follow-up of 7 months, the volume of the IIAAs remained stable without residual endoleaks. Transretroperitoneal CT-guided embolization of IIAA using intramuscular lidocaine injection technique is effective, safe, and results in good outcome.

  11. Computer-supported diagnosis for endotension cases in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair evolution.

    PubMed

    García, G; Tapia, A; De Blas, M

    2014-06-01

    An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized abnormal enlargement of the abdominal aorta with fatal consequences if not treated on time. The endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a minimal invasive therapy that reduces recovery times and improves survival rates in AAA cases. Nevertheless, post-operation difficulties can appear influencing the evolution of treatment. The objective of this work is to develop a pilot computer-supported diagnosis system for an automated characterization of EVAR progression from CTA images. The system is based on the extraction of texture features from post-EVAR thrombus aneurysm samples and on posterior classification. Three conventional texture-analysis methods, namely the gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the gray level run length matrix (GLRLM), the gray level difference method (GLDM), and a new method proposed by the authors, the run length matrix of local co-occurrence matrices (RLMLCM), were applied to each sample. Several classification schemes were experimentally evaluated. The ensembles of a k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP-NN), and a support vector machine (SVM) classifier fed with a reduced version of texture features resulted in a better performance (Az=94.35±0.30), as compared to the classification performance of the other alternatives. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Type II Endoleak After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Effectiveness of Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Nevala, Terhi; Biancari, Fausto; Manninen, Hannu; Aho, Pekka-Sakari; Matsi, Pekka; Maekinen, Kimmo; Roth, Wolf-Dieter; Yloenen, Kari; Lepaentalo, Mauri; Peraelae, Jukka

    2010-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to report our experience in treating type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Two hundred eighteen patients underwent EVAR with a Zenith stent-graft from January 2000 to December 2005. During a follow-up period of 4.5 {+-} 2.3 years, solely type II endoleak was detected in 47 patients (22%), and 14 of them underwent secondary interventions to correct this condition. Ten patients had transarterial embolization, and four patients had translumbar/transabdominal embolization. The embolization materials used were coils, thrombin, gelatin, Onyx (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer), and glue. Disappearance of the endoleak without enlargement of the aneurysm sac after the first secondary intervention was achieved in only five of these patients (5/13). One patient without surveillance imaging was excluded from analyses of clinical success. After additional interventions in four patients and the spontaneous disappearance of type II endoleak in two patients, overall clinical success was achieved in eight patients (8/12). One patient did not have surveillance imaging after the second secondary intervention. Clinical success after the first secondary intervention was achieved in two patients (2/9) in the transarterial embolization group and three patients (3/4) in the translumbar embolization group. The results of secondary interventions for type II endoleak are unsatisfactory. Although the small number of patients included in this study prevents reliable comparisons between groups, the results seem to favor direct translumbar embolization in comparison to transarterial embolization.

  13. Open versus endovascular stent graft repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms: an historical view.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, Robert B

    2012-03-01

    Development of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysms repair (EVAR), now in its 4th decade, has involved at least 16 different devices, not counting major modifications of some, only 4 of which have emerged from clinical trials and gained US Food and Drug Administration approval. The main impetus behind EVAR has been its potential for significantly reducing procedural mortality and morbidity, but it was also expected to speed recovery and reduce costs through decreased use of hospital resources. At the outset, EVAR was touted as a better alternative to OPEN in high-risk patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms, and to "watchful waiting" (periodic ultrasound surveillance) for those with small abdominal aortic aneurysms. This new technology has evoked a mixed response with enthusiasts and detractors debating its pros and cons. Bias and conflict of interest exist on both sides. This review will attempt to present a balanced review of the development and current status of this controversial competition between EVAR and OPEN, comparing them in terms of the following key considerations: mortality and morbidity, complications, failure modes and durability, and costs.

  14. Is Internal Iliac Artery Embolization Essential Prior to Endovascular Repair of Aortoiliac Aneurysms?

    SciTech Connect

    Bharwani, N. Raja, J.; Choke, E.; Belli, A. M.; Thompson, M. M.; Morgan, R. A.; Munneke, G.

    2008-05-15

    Patients who undergo endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms (EVAR) require internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization (IIAE) to prevent type II endoleaks after extending the endografts into the external iliac artery. However, IIAE may not be possible in some patients due to technical factors or adverse anatomy. The aim of this study was to assess retrospectively whether patients with aorto-iliac aneurysms who fail IIAE have an increase in type II endoleak after EVAR compared with similar patients who undergo successful embolization. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 148 patients who underwent EVAR from December 1997 to June 2005. Sixty-one patients had aorto-iliac aneurysms which required IIAE before EVAR. Fifty patients had successful IIAE and 11 patients had unsuccessful IIAE prior to EVAR. The clinical and imaging follow-up was reviewed before and after EVAR. The endoleak rate of the embolized group was compared with that of the group in whom embolization failed. After a mean follow-up of 19.7 months in the study group and 25 months in the control group, there were no statistically significant differences in outcome measures between the two groups. Specifically, there were no type II endoleaks related to the IIA in patients where IIAE had failed. We conclude that failure to embolize the IIA prior to EVAR should not necessarily preclude patients from treatment. In patients where there is difficulty in achieving coil embolization, it is recommended that EVAR should proceed, as clinical sequelae are unlikely.

  15. Surgeon Custom-Made Iliac Branch Device to Salvage Hypogastric Artery during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Endovascular salvage of the hypogastric artery using iliac branch device (IBD) during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), offers less invasive alternative solution to surgery to prevent pelvic ischemia. We have performed the first Korean surgeon custom-made IBD for this purpose to overcome the limitation of unavailability of the devices in Korea. Four patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm with bilateral common iliac artery aneurysm (CIAA) were treated using custom-made IBDs from October 2013 to December 2013. IBD was created in back table before EVAR operation using TFLE Zenith iliac limb stent graft (Cook Inc.). Three V12 (Atrium, Inc.) one Viabahn (Gore, Inc.) were used for bridging between IBD and target hypogastric artery. With this modification of IBD procedure, exteriorize the guide wire without snare device is possible which offers another benefit in terms of reducing medical costs comparing to commercial IBD. All operations were successful without any device related complications or postoperative endoleaks. During the mean follow up of 3 months, all IBD were patent without clinical complications. Surgeon custom made IBD is feasible and useful to preserve pelvic perfusion especially in the situation of limited commercial IBD availability in many countries. Long-term follow-up is needed to evaluate stent graft patency and IBD-related complications. PMID:25469069

  16. Predictive Factors for Mortality following Open Repair of Paravisceral Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Prateek K.; MacTaggart, Jason N.; Natarajan, Bala; Lynch, Thomas G.; Arya, Shipra; Gupta, Himani; Fang, Xiang; Pipinos, Iraklis I.

    2012-01-01

    Objective The use of fenestrated and branched stent graft technology for paravisceral abdominal aortic aneurysms (PAAA) is on the rise; however, its application is limited in the United States to only a few selected centers. The majority of the PAAAs are currently repaired using an open approach. The objective of this study was to determine which patients are at highest risk with open PAAA repair and might benefit most from endovascular repair using fenestrated or branched stent grafts. Design of the study Retrospective cohort study. Setting American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) hospitals. Subjects Patients who underwent elective open PAAA repair (n=598) were identified from the 2007–09 NSQIP - a prospective database maintained at multiple centers (>250). Main outcome measure Thirty-day postoperative mortality. Results The median age was 73 years and 27.6% were females. Thirty-day major morbidity and mortality rates were 30.1% and 4.5%, respectively. Major complications included reintubation (10.0%), sepsis (10.7%), return to operating room (9.2%), new dialysis requirement (5.9%), cardiac arrest/myocardial infarction (4.5%), and stroke (1.2%). On multivariate analyses, 4 predictors of postoperative mortality after open PAAA repair were identified: peripheral arterial disease requiring revascularization or amputation (PAD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), anesthesia time, and female gender. PAD and COPD were present in only 5.2% and 20.4% patients, but were associated with 16.1% and 9.0% mortality rate, respectively. Mortality rate in females was 7.3% in contrast to 3.5% for males (P= .045). Conclusions PAD, COPD, and female gender are major risk factors for postoperative mortality following open PAAA repair. Fenestrated or branched stent graft repair may be a more valuable alternative to open repair for patients with one or more of these characteristics who have suitable access vessels. PMID:22209613

  17. Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance.

    PubMed

    Abada, Hicham T; Sapoval, Marc R; Paul, Jean-François; de Maertelaer, Viviane; Mousseaux, Elie; Gaux, Jean-Claude

    2003-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured.

  18. Early reintervention after open and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is associated with high mortality.

    PubMed

    Deery, Sarah E; O'Donnell, Thomas F X; Bodewes, Thomas C F; Dalebout, Barbara A; Pothof, Alexander B; Shean, Katie E; Darling, Jeremy D; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2017-09-21

    Although reinterventions are generally considered more common after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) than after open surgical repair (OSR), less is known about reintervention in the early postoperative period. Furthermore, there are few data regarding the impact of early reintervention on 30-day mortality. We sought to evaluate the rates and types of reintervention after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and the impact of reintervention on postoperative mortality. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) was queried from 2012 to 2014 for all intact, infrarenal AAA repairs. The 30-day reintervention was classified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes. Univariate analysis comparing patients with and without reintervention was performed with the Fisher exact test and Mann-Whitney U test. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of reintervention and to assess the association between 30-day reintervention and mortality. We identified 5877 patients (OSR, 658 [11%]; EVAR, 5219 [89%]), of whom 261 underwent reintervention (OSR, 7.1%; EVAR, 4.1%; P < .01). Patients who underwent reintervention had larger aortic diameter (median, 5.7 cm vs 5.5 cm; P < .01), were more often symptomatic at presentation (16% vs 9.1%; P < .01), and were more likely to have renal insufficiency (7.7% vs 3.6%; P < .01) and history of prior abdominal operations (32% vs 26%; P = .04). Patients who underwent reintervention had higher 30-day mortality (OSR, 28% vs 2.8% [P < .001]; EVAR, 12% vs 1.0% [P < .001]) and major complications. Factors significantly associated with reintervention included open repair, diameter, symptom status, hypertension, and renal insufficiency. After adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and type of repair, reintervention was independently associated with 30-day mortality after EVAR and OSR (odds ratio, 13; 95% confidence interval, 8-22; P < .001). Compared with EVAR, patients

  19. Comparison of Endovascular Stent Grafts for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Medicare Beneficiaries.

    PubMed

    Buck, Dominique B; Soden, Peter A; Deery, Sarah E; Zettervall, Sara L; Ultee, Klaas H J; Landon, Bruce E; O'Malley, A James; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2017-09-07

    Increased renal complications have been suggested with suprarenal stent grafts, but long-term analyses have been limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of endograft choice on perioperative and long-term outcomes. We compared Medicare beneficiaries undergoing endovascular AAA repair from 2005-2008 with endografts with infrarenal fixation and a single docking limb (AneuRx, Excluder) to those with suprarenal fixation and two docking limbs (Zenith), or a unibody configuration (Powerlink). Propensity score weighting accounted for differences in patient characteristics among the different graft formations, and perioperative mortality, complications, and length of stay and four-year rates of survival, rupture, and reintervention were compared. 46,171 Medicare beneficiaries were identified including 11,002 (24%) with suprarenal fixation, 32,909 (71%) with infrarenal fixation, and 2,260 (5%) with a unibody graft. After propensity score weighting, there were no significant differences in patients' baseline clinical and demographic characteristics. The suprarenal fixation patients had higher rates of perioperative mortality (1.7% vs. 1.3%, P < .01), renal failure (6.0% vs 4.7%, P < .001), and mesenteric ischemia (0.7 vs. 0.4%, P < .01) and longer length of stay (3.4 days vs. 3.0 days, P < .001) compared to patients with infrarenal fixation. Unibody grafts had higher rates of renal failure (5.9% vs. 4.7%, P < .001), mesenteric ischemia (1.0% vs. 0.4%, P < .001), and conversion to open repair (0.7% vs. 0.1%, P < .001) compared to those with infrarenal fixation and single docking limbs. At four years, mortality remained slightly higher with suprarenal compared to infrarenal fixation (30% vs. 29%, P = .047), although these patients had fewer conversions to open repair (0.6% vs. 0.9%, P = .03) and aneurysm-related reinterventions (10% vs. 12%, P < .01). At four years, unibody grafts had more aneurysm-related interventions compared to infrarenal

  20. In-situ laser fenestration of endovascular stent-graft in abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Micheletti, Filippo; Pini, Roberto; Piazza, Roberta; Ferrari, Vincenzo; Condino, Sara; Rossi, Francesca

    2017-02-01

    Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysms repair (EVAR) involves the minimally invasive implantation of a stent-graft within the aorta to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation thus preventing its rupture. The feasibility of such operation is highly dependent on the aorta morphology and in general the presence of one/both renal arteries emerging from the aneurysm is the absolute limit for the implantation of a standard stent-graft. Consequently, classical intervention methods involve the implantation of a custom-made graft with fenestrations, leading to extremely complicated surgeries with high risks for the patient and high costs. Recent techniques introduced the use of standard grafts (i.e. without fenestrations) in association with mechanical in-situ fenestration, but this procedure is limited principally by the brittleness and low stability of the environment, in addition to the difficulty of controlling the guidance of the endovascular tools due to the temporarily block of the blood flow. In this work we propose an innovative EVAR strategy, which involves in-situ fenestration with a fiber guided laser tool, controlled via an electromagnetic navigation system. The fiber is sensorized to be tracked by means of the driving system and, using a 3D model of the patient anatomy, the surgeon can drive the fiber to the aneurysm, where the stent has been previously released, to realize the proper fenestration(s). The design and construction of the catheter laser tool will be presented, togheter with preliminary fenestration tests on graft-materials, including the effects due to the presence of blood and tissues.

  1. Long-term results after accessory renal artery coverage during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Greenberg, Joshua I; Dorsey, Chelsea; Dalman, Ronald L; Lee, Jason T; Harris, E J; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Mell, Matthew W

    2012-08-01

    Current information regarding coverage of accessory renal arteries (ARAs) during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is based on small case series with limited follow-up. This study evaluates the outcomes of ARA coverage in a large contemporary cohort. Consecutive EVAR data from January 2004 to August 2010 were collected in a prospective database at a University Hospital. Patient and aneurysm-related characteristics, imaging studies, and ARA coverage versus preservation were analyzed. Volumetric analysis of three-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography scans was used to assess renal infarction volume extent. Long-term renal function and overall technical success of aneurysm exclusion were compared. A cohort of 426 EVARs was identified. ARAs were present in 69 patients with a mean follow-up of 27 months (range, 1 to 60 months). Forty-five ARAs were covered in 40 patients; 29 patients had intentional ARA preservation. Patient and anatomic characteristics were similar between groups except that ARA coverage patients had shorter aneurysm necks (P = .03). Renal infarctions occurred in 84% of kidneys with covered ARAs. There was no significant deterioration in long-term glomerular filtration rate when compared with patients in the control group. No difference in the rate of endoleak, secondary procedures, or the requirement for antihypertensive medications was found. This study is the largest to date with the longest follow-up relating to ARA coverage. Contrary to previous reports, renal infarction after ARA coverage is common. Nevertheless, coverage is well tolerated based upon preservation of renal function without additional morbidity. These results support the long-term safety of ARA coverage for EVAR when necessary. Copyright © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Rupture of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Patients Under Screening Age and Elective Repair Threshold.

    PubMed

    Laine, M T; Vänttinen, T; Kantonen, I; Halmesmäki, K; Weselius, E M; Laukontaus, S; Salenius, J; Aho, P S; Venermo, M

    2016-04-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the proportion of abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures that occur before the screening age or threshold diameter for operative repair is reached. The study was a retrospective analysis of RAAA patients including all RAAA patients admitted to Helsinki (HUH) and Tampere University Hospitals (TaUH) during 2002-2013. The data for age, gender, and comorbidities were collected from vascular registry and patient records. Computed tomography images taken at the time of admission were used for the measurement of maximum anteroposterior (AP) aneurysm diameter at the time of rupture. Age and diameter data were compared with risk factors. A total of 585 patients diagnosed with RAAA were admitted to the two hospitals during the 12 year period. The mean age at the time of rupture was 73.6 years (SD 9.5, range 42-96 years). 18.3% of patients were under 65: 21.4% of men and 3.0% of women. Men were on average 8 years younger than women. The odds ratio (OR) for rupture before 65 years of age for smokers was 2.1 compared with non-smokers, and 28.4% of smokers were under 65 at the time of rupture. Of all RAAA patients, 327 had a computed tomography scan confirming rupture. The mean AP diameter of the aneurysm was 75.6 mm (SD 15.8, range 32-155 mm). The mean size was significantly lower in women than in men (70.5 vs. 76.8, p = .005). The data from this study show that a fifth of men would not make it to the screening age of 65 before AAA rupture, the proportion being even larger in active smokers. The data from this study also supports the previous finding that aneurysm size at the time of rupture is significantly smaller in women. Copyright © 2015 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. The management of massive ultrafiltration distending the aneurysm sac after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with a polytetrafluoroethylene aortobiiliac graft.

    PubMed

    Williams, G M

    1998-09-01

    Collections of serous fluid surrounding prosthetic grafts can be caused by infection or transudation of serum, and making the distinction is often troublesome. Bergamini and his colleagues developed a dog model of low-grade prosthetic graft contamination with Staphylococcus epidermatis. All animals developed evidence of graft infection, and 13 of 18 dogs developed a fluid-filled perigraft cyst. Signs of systemic infection, however, were present in only 1 animal, and the Staphylococcus epidermatis study strain was isolated from the tissue surrounding the graft in only 1 dog. The authors had to disrupt the biofilm to achieve positive cultures in 14 of 18 animals. This animal model seemed to conform to clinical experience and placed great emphasis on the role of indolent infections in the pathogenesis of perigraft fluid collection. It is equally clear that perigraft fluid collections may result from transudation of fluid through the prosthetic surfaces, which act similar to a dialysis membrane under certain circumstances. Noninfectious seromas are characterized generally by the accumulation of clear serous fluid with a protein and glucose content of serum and the lack of acute inflammatory cells when the sediment is examined. The need to distinguish between these 2 forms of fluid accumulation became important in the treatment of a 62-year-old man who was seen 2 1/2 years after the repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with an aortobiiliac stretch polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) prosthesis. There was no evidence of infection, and there was a 12 cm cystic mass surrounding a patent PTFE prosthesis.

  4. Effect of endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair on thrombin generation and fibrinolysis.

    PubMed

    Abdelhamid, Mohamed F; Davies, Robert S M; Vohra, Rajiv K; Adam, Donald J; Bradbury, Andrew W

    2013-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is associated with a prothrombotic diathesis that may increase the risk of cardiovascular events. This diathesis is exacerbated in the short term by open aneurysm repair (OAR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, the effect of EVAR and OAR on coagulation and fibrinolysis in the medium and long term is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the medium-term effects of EVAR and OAR on thrombin generation, neutralization, and fibrinolysis. Prothrombin fragment (PF)1+2, thrombin antithrombin (TAT) complex, plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) activity, and tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen were measured in eight age-matched controls (AMCs), 29 patients with AAA immediately before (preoperatively) and 12 months after EVAR (post-EVAR), and in 11 patients at a mean of 16 months after OAR (post-OAR). Preoperatively, PF1+2 levels were significantly higher in patients with AAAs than in AMC. PF1+2 levels post-EVAR and post-OAR were significantly lower than preoperative values and similar to AMC. There was no significant difference in TAT, PAI, or t-PA between AMC, AAA preoperatively, and post-EVAR. Post-OAR, PAI activity was significantly higher than in preoperative patients. AAA is associated with increased thrombin generation without upregulation of fibrinolysis. The prothrombotic, hypofibrinolytic diathesis observed in patients with AAA returns toward normal in the medium term after EVAR and OAR, although there is a trend toward decreased fibrinolysis post-OAR. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Clinical, Microbiologic, and Outcome Analysis of Mycotic Aortic Aneurysm: The Role of Endovascular Repair

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yao-Kuang; Chen, Chyi-Liang; Lu, Ming-Shian; Tsai, Feng-Chun; Lin, Pyng-Ling; Wu, Chih-Hsiung

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: Mycotic aortic aneurysm (MAA) is an infrequent but devastating form of vascular disease. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a major medical center to identify independent risk factors for MAA and to provide opinions about treating it. The study population consisted of 43 patients who had had 44 MAAs over a period of 15 y. Results: All of the patients had positive blood cultures, radiologic findings typical of MAA, and clinical signs of infection (leukocytosis, fever, and elevated C-reactive protein). The mean age of the patients was 63.8±10.6 y and the mean period of their follow up was 35.7±39.3 mo. Twenty-nine patients with MAAs underwent traditional open surgery, 11 others received endovascular stent grafts, and four MAAs were managed conservatively. The most frequent causative pathogens were Salmonella (36/44 patients [81.8%]), in whom organisms of Salmonella serogroup C (consisting mainly of S. choleraesuis) were identified in 14 patients, organisms of Salmonella serogroup D were identified in 13 patients, and species without serogroup information were identified in nine patients. The overall mortality in the study population was 43.2% (with an aneurysm-related mortality of 18.2%, surgically related mortality of 13.6%, and in-hospital mortality of 22.7%). Conclusions: Shock is a risk factor for operative mortality. Misdiagnosis and treatment of MAA as low back pain, co-existing connective-tissue disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, and Salmonella serogroup C-associated bacteremia are risk factors for aneurysm-related death. Endovascular repair should be considered as an alternative option to the open repair of MAA. PMID:24800865

  6. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: endovascular repair is feasible in 40% of patients.

    PubMed

    Reichart, M; Geelkerken, R H; Huisman, A B; van Det, R J; de Smit, P; Volker, E Ph

    2003-11-01

    Open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) still has a high mortality. Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) may be the way to improve survival rates. However, it is not clear how many patients with rAAA will be suitable for acute EVAR. Between October 2000 and April 2002 all patients with acute symptomatic or ruptured AAA were assessed for EVAR on an intention-to-treat basis with emergency computed tomographic angiography (CTA). Patient and logistic characteristics were analysed. We used two commercially available aorto uni-iliac devices with a maximum proximal diameter of 28 and 34 mm. Five out of 26 patients were excluded for CTA and EVAR because of severe and persistent hypotension (3 pts) or logistic reasons (2 pts, both eligible). Twelve patients were found not eligible for EVAR due to unsuitable infrarenal aortic neck length (3 pts), neck diameter (1 pt) or a combination of both (8 pts). The remaining six patients were treated with EVAR. After 6 months no graft failure or aneurysm related deaths were recorded in the EVAR group. A total of 28% of patients with symptomatic or ruptured AAA was treated with EVAR. A potential 42% of patients could have been suitable for EVAR, if the correct devices had been in stock and all patients had been properly assessed.

  7. Transperitoneal repair of a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and co-existent horseshoe kidney with division of the renal isthmus

    PubMed Central

    Hajibandeh, Shahin; Hajibandeh, Shahab; Johnpulle, Michelle; Perricone, Vittorio

    2015-01-01

    The co-existence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and horseshoe kidney (HSK) is rare. We report a 67-year-old man with an expanding juxtarenal AAA associated with a HSK. The aneurysm had a severely angulated neck and contained a significant amount of mural thrombus. The isthmus of HSK closely lied over the aneurysm, making its exposure extremely difficult. The aneurysm was successfully repaired using transperitoneal approach with division of the renal isthmus and without any need for the renal artery reconstruction. Despite the potential complications, particularly renal insufficiency, associated with division of the renal isthmus and suprarenal cross-clamping of the abdominal aorta, in our case, post-operative period was uneventful and the patient's recovery was satisfactory. PMID:26511935

  8. Sternum-Sparing Hybrid Repair of a Symptomatic Innominate Artery Aneurysm in a Frail Patient with Bovine Aortic Arch.

    PubMed

    Pellenc, Quentin; Avramenko, Alla; Mordant, Pierre; Castier, Yves

    2016-08-01

    We present the case of a 65-year-old man with a bovine aortic arch variation, who presented a symptomatic aneurysm of the innominate artery. Standard open repair was contraindicated and an hybrid approach was performed, regarding general status (Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS) Performance Status score 3 and American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification system score 3). Right common carotid artery and right subclavian artery were revascularized surgically from the left common carotid artery. Proximal aneurysm exclusion was performed with a vascular plug. Follow-up computed tomography angiography confirmed the exclusion of the innominate artery aneurysm. Vascular plugs can be used safely through a sternum-sparing hybrid approach to treat symptomatic innominate artery aneurysms in frail patients.

  9. Open Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Young Boy with Tuberous Sclerosis and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Dueppers, Philip; Duran, Mansur; Grabitz, Klaus; Schelzig, Hubert

    2017-02-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are very rare in pediatric patients and can rarely be associated with tuberous sclerosis (TS). Open surgery is the first-line therapy. We report our experience added by a review on current literature. A 9-year-old boy with TS and history of 2 earlier open repairs for AAA presented to our department with a recurrent juxtarenal aortic aneurysm. We performed a polytetraflourethylene patch plasty. Postoperative course was uneventful. After 8 months, reconstruction was stable, and no recurrent aneurysm developed. Recurrent aneurysms may develop after open surgery for TS-associated AAA. However, open surgery is the recommended therapy but requires special techniques and experience in pediatric patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Aneurysms

    MedlinePlus

    ... Adults Making Your Wishes Known Home & Community Home › Aging & Health A to Z › Aneurysms Font size A A A Print Share Glossary Basic Facts & Information Causes & Symptoms Diagnosis & Tests Care & Treatment Lifestyle & Management Other Resources Caregiving How ...

  11. Rehospitalization to primary versus different facilities following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Saunders, Richard S; Fernandes-Taylor, Sara; Kind, Amy J H; Engelbert, Travis L; Greenberg, Caprice C; Smith, Maureen A; Matsumura, Jon S; Kent, K Craig

    2014-06-01

    Reducing readmissions represents a unique opportunity to improve care and reduce health care costs and is the focus of major payers. A large number of surgical patients are readmitted to hospitals other than where the primary surgery was performed, resulting in clinical decisions that do not incorporate the primary surgeon and potentially alter outcomes. This study characterizes readmission to primary vs different hospitals after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and examines the implications with regard to mortality and cost. Patients who underwent open or endovascular aneurysm repair for AAA were identified from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Chronic Conditions Warehouse, a random 5% national sample of Medicare beneficiaries from 2005 to 2009. Outcomes for patients who underwent AAA repair and were readmitted within 30 days of initial discharge were compared based on readmission location (primary vs different hospital). A total of 885 patients underwent AAA repair and were readmitted within 30 days. Of these, 626 (70.7%) returned to the primary facility, and 259 (29.3%) returned to a different facility. Greater distance from patient residence to the primary hospital was the strongest predictor of readmission to a different facility. Patients living 50 to 100 miles from the primary hospital were more likely to be readmitted to a different hospital compared with patients living <10 miles away (odds ratio, 8.50; P < .001). Patients with diagnoses directly related to the surgery (eg, wound infection) were more likely to be readmitted to the primary hospital, whereas medical diagnoses (eg, pneumonia and congestive heart failure) were more likely to be treated at a different hospital. There was no statistically significant difference in mortality between patients readmitted to a different or the primary hospital. Median total 30-day payments were significantly lower at different vs primary hospitals (primary, $11,978 vs different, $11,168; P = .04

  12. Failure to rescue trends in elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between 1995 and 2011.

    PubMed

    Ilonzo, Nicole; Egorova, Natalia N; McKinsey, James F; Nowygrod, Roman

    2014-12-01

    Factors affecting mortality after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair have been extensively studied, but little is known about the effects of the shift to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) vs open repair on failure to rescue (FTR). This study examines the impact of treatment modalities on FTR for elective AAA surgery during the years 1995 to 2011. Data for 491,779 patients undergoing elective AAA surgery were collected from Medicare files. Patient demographics, comorbidities, hospital volume, and repair type were collected. Primary outcome was FTR: the percentage of deaths in patients who had a complication within 30 days of surgery. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Patients undergoing AAA surgery have become progressively more complex, with 84.96%, 89.33%, 93.76%, and 95.72% presenting with one or more comorbidities in 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2011, respectively. Despite this, overall FTR after AAA surgery was stable from 1995 to 2000 (P = .38) and decreased from 2.68% to 1.58% between 2000 and 2011 (P < .001). In addition, FTR in EVAR decreased from 1.70% to 0.58% from 2000 to 2006 (P = .03) and then stabilized at 0.88% ± 0.9% after 2007 (P = .45). Unlike for EVAR, FTR for open repair remained stable at 3.06% ± 0.17% to 2.74% ± 0.16% from 1995 to 2000 (P = .38) but increased to 4.51% ± 0.21% in 2011 (P < .001). Mortality was highest after transfusion (20.86%), prolonged ventilation (17.37%), and respiratory complications (29.78%) for all AAA surgeries. Of note, high-volume hospitals had lower FTR rates than low-volume hospitals for both open (2.73% vs 5.66%; P < .001) and endovascular (0.7% vs 1.69%; P < .001) repair. Multivariate analysis showed that high annual volume hospital status (odds ratio, 0.6; confidence interval, 0.58-0.63) and endovascular repair (odds ratio, 0.3; confidence interval, 0.28-0.31) were associated with decreased FTR. The success in AAA surgery of rescuing patients from 30-day mortality after a

  13. Repair of Multiple Subclavian and Axillary Artery Aneurysms in a 58-Year-Old Man with Marfan Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Dolapoglu, Ahmet; Preventza, Ourania; Coselli, Joseph S.

    2016-01-01

    Dilation of the ascending aorta and aortic dissections are often seen in Marfan syndrome; however, true aneurysms of the subclavian and axillary arteries rarely seem to develop in patients who have this disease. We present the case of a 58-year-old man with Marfan syndrome who had undergone a Bentall procedure and thoracoabdominal aortic repair for an aortic dissection and who later developed multiple aneurysmal dilations of his right subclavian and axillary arteries. The aneurysms were successfully repaired by means of a surgical bypass technique in which a Dacron graft was placed between the carotid and brachial arteries. We also discuss our strategy for determining the optimal surgical approach in these patients. PMID:27777529

  14. Repair of Multiple Subclavian and Axillary Artery Aneurysms in a 58-Year-Old Man with Marfan Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Dolapoglu, Ahmet; de la Cruz, Kim I; Preventza, Ourania; Coselli, Joseph S

    2016-10-01

    Dilation of the ascending aorta and aortic dissections are often seen in Marfan syndrome; however, true aneurysms of the subclavian and axillary arteries rarely seem to develop in patients who have this disease. We present the case of a 58-year-old man with Marfan syndrome who had undergone a Bentall procedure and thoracoabdominal aortic repair for an aortic dissection and who later developed multiple aneurysmal dilations of his right subclavian and axillary arteries. The aneurysms were successfully repaired by means of a surgical bypass technique in which a Dacron graft was placed between the carotid and brachial arteries. We also discuss our strategy for determining the optimal surgical approach in these patients.

  15. The relationship between visceral ischemia, proinflammatory cytokines, and organ injury in patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Welborn, M B; Oldenburg, H S; Hess, P J; Huber, T S; Martin, T D; Rauwerda, J A; Wesdorp, R I; Espat, N J; Copeland, E M; Moldawer, L L; Seeger, J M

    2000-09-01

    Plasma proinflammatory, anti-inflammatory cytokine, and soluble tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor concentrations were examined in hospitalized patients after abdominal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, with and without left atrial femoral bypass. Changes in plasma cytokine concentrations were related to the duration of visceral ischemia and the frequency rate of postoperative, single, or multiple system organ dysfunction (MSOD). Prospective, observational study. Two academic referral centers in the United States and The Netherlands. We included 16 patients undergoing TAAA repair without left atrial femoral bypass, 12 patients undergoing TAAA repair with left atrial femoral bypass, and nine patients undergoing infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair. Timed, arterial blood sampling for proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine and soluble TNF receptor concentrations (p55 and p75), and prospective assessment of postoperative single and MSOD. Plasma appearance of TNF-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and IL-10 peaked 1 to 4 hrs after TAAA repair, and concentrations were significantly elevated compared with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (p < .05). Left atrial femoral bypass significantly reduced the duration of visceral ischemia (p < .05) and the systemic TNF-alpha, p75, and IL-10 responses (p < .05). Plasma TNF-alpha concentrations >150 pg/mL were more common in patients with extended visceral ischemia times (>40 mins). Additionally, patients with early peak TNF-alpha concentrations >150 pg/mL and IL-6 levels >1,000 pg/mL developed MSOD more frequently than patients without these elevated plasma cytokine levels (both p < .05). Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair results in the increased plasma appearance of TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and shed TNF receptors. The frequency and magnitude of postoperative organ dysfunction after TAAA repair is associated with an increased concentration of the cytokines, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 and the

  16. Long-term results of Talent endografts for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Verhoeven, Bart A N; Waasdorp, Evert J; Gorrepati, Madhu L; van Herwaarden, Joost A; Vos, Jan Albert; Wille, Jan; Moll, Frans L; Zarins, Christopher K; de Vries, Jean Paul P M

    2011-02-01

    Since the introduction of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), long-term follow-up studies reporting single-device results are scarce. In this study, we focus on EVAR repair with the Talent stent graft (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, Calif). Between July 2000 and December 2007, 365 patients underwent elective EVAR with a Talent device. Patient data were gathered prospectively and evaluated retrospectively. By American Society of Anesthesiologists category, 74% were categories III and IV. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning was performed before discharge, at 3, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Data are presented according to reporting standards for EVAR. The mean proximal aortic neck diameter was 27 mm (range, 16-36 mm), with a neck length <15 mm in 31% (data available for 193 patients). Deployment of endografts was successful in 361 of 365 patients (99%). Initially, conversion to laparotomy was necessary in four patients. Primary technical success determined by results from computed tomography (CT) scans before discharge was achieved in 333 patients (91%). Proximal type I endoleaks were present in 28 patients (8%) during follow-up, and 14 of these patients needed additional treatment for type I endoleak. The 30-day mortality for the whole Talent group was 1.1% (4 of 365). Follow-up to 84 months is reported for 24 patients. During follow-up, 122 (33%) patients died; in nine, death was abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)-related (including 30-day mortality). Kaplan-Meier estimates revealed primary clinical success rates of 98% at 1 year, 93% at 2 years, 88% at 3 years, 79% at 4 years, 64% at 5 years, 51% at 6 years, and 48% at 7 years. Secondary interventions were performed in 73 of 365 patients (20%). Ten conversions for failed endografts were performed. Life-table yearly risk for AAA-related reintervention was 6%, yearly risk for conversion to open repair was 1.1%, yearly risk for total mortality was 8.9%, and yearly risk for AAA-related mortality was 0

  17. Effect of antiplatelet therapy on aneurysmal sac expansion associated with type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Álvarez Marcos, Francisco; Llaneza Coto, José Manuel; Franco Meijide, Francisco José; Zanabili Al-Sibbai, Ahmad Amer; Vilariño Rico, Jorge; Alonso Pérez, Manuel; Caeiro Quinteiro, Santiago

    2017-08-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has gained widespread use through a solid reputation of safety and effectiveness. However, some issues, such as endoleaks and sac growth over time, still arise as important concerns. Antiplatelet therapy, mandatory as secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, may play a role in both phenomena by interfering with blood clotting properties and the inflammatory process associated with AAA. We analyzed whether different antiplatelet therapies were independent risk factors for type II endoleak (T2E) persistence and midterm sac growth after EVAR. All patients with T2E detected in the first post-EVAR control were included, except those without at least 1 year of complete follow-up. Data for demographics, clinical comorbidities, EVAR devices, and antiplatelet therapies were recorded. All patients underwent routine follow-up with contrast-enhanced tomography at 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and annually thereafter. A three-dimensional rendering of each endoleak was performed for detailed volumetry. Main outcomes were endoleak persistence at 6 months and sac growth >5 mm at end of follow-up. During a 9-year period, 87 patients with initial T2E were monitored for a mean of 41.5 months. On discharge, salicylates were prescribed to 50, clopidogrel to 16, and multiagent therapy or anticoagulation to 9; no therapy was given to 12. No significant differences in comorbidities or baseline AAA characteristics were found between groups. At 6 months thereafter, 59% (n = 51) of the initial T2Es persisted. At end of follow-up, 32 patients had sac growth >5 mm (37%). Sac growth was significantly less frequent in the group treated with salicylates (26% vs 60%; P = .004). Cox proportional hazards model reinforced the role of salicylates as protectors for sac growth over time (hazard ratio, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.13-0.87; P = .024), whereas T2E nidus volume and endoleak complexity behaved

  18. Internal iliac coverage during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms is a safe option: A preliminary study.

    PubMed

    Kansal, Vinay; Jetty, Prasad; Kubelik, Dalibor; Hajjar, George; Hill, Andrew; Brandys, Tim; Nagpal, Sudhir

    2017-02-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repairs lacking suitable common iliac artery landing zones occasionally require graft limb extension into the external iliac artery, covering the internal iliac artery origin. The purpose of this study was to assess incidence of type II endoleak following simple coverage of internal iliac artery without embolization during endovascular aneurysm repair. Three hundred eighty-nine endovascular aneurysm repairs performed by a single surgeon (2004-2015) were reviewed. Twenty-seven patients underwent simple internal iliac artery coverage. Type II endoleak was assessed from operative reports and follow-up computed tomography imaging. No patient suffered type II endoleak from a covered internal iliac artery in post-operative computed tomography scans. Follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 9 years. No severe pelvic ischemic complications were observed. In conclusion, for selected cases internal iliac artery coverage without embolization is a safe alternative to embolization in endovascular aneurysm repairs, where the graft must be extended into the external iliac artery.

  19. The "open branch" technique: A new way to prevent paraplegia after total endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Krajcer, Zvonimir; Echeverria, Angela

    2016-03-01

    Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) has been one of the most concerning complications after surgical and endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair "Open Branch" is an innovative technique to reduce the incidence of SCI Further studies in a larger number of patients with varying pathologies are needed to confirm the advantages of this technique.

  20. Simultaneous repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and resection of unexpected, associated abdominal malignancies.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; Calio', Francesco G; D'Urso, Antonio; Lorusso, Riccardo; Ceccanei, Gianluca; Vietri, Francesco

    2004-12-15

    The management of unexpected intra-abdominal malignancy, discovered at laparotomy for elective treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), is controversial. It is still unclear whether both conditions should be treated simultaneously or a staged approach is to be preferred. To contribute in improving treatment guidelines, we retrospectively reviewed the records of patients undergoing laparotomy for elective AAA repair. From January 1994 to March 2003, 253 patients underwent elective, trans-peritoneal repair of an AAA. In four patients (1.6%), an associated, unexpected neoplasm was detected at abdominal exploration, consisting of one renal, one gastric, one ileal carcinoid, and one ascending colon tumor. All of them were treated at the same operation, after aortic repair and careful isolation of the prosthetic graft. The whole series' operative mortality was 3.6%. None of the patients simultaneously treated for AAA and tumor resection died in the postoperative period. No graft-related infections were observed. Simultaneous treatment of AAA and tumor did not prolong significantly the mean length of stay in the hospital, compared to standard treatment of AAA alone. Except for malignancies of organs requiring major surgical resections, simultaneous AAA repair and resection of an associated, unexpected abdominal neoplasm can be safely performed, in most of the patients, sparing the need for a second procedure. Endovascular grafting of the AAA can be a valuable tool in simplifying simultaneous treatment, or in staging the procedures with a very short delay.

  1. Endovascular Treatment of Late Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms after Surgical Repair of Congenital Aortic Coarctation in Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Juszkat, Robert; Perek, Bartlomiej; Zabicki, Bartosz; Trojnarska, Olga; Jemielity, Marek; Staniszewski, Ryszard; Smoczyk, Wiesław; Pukacki, Fryderyk

    2013-01-01

    Background In some patients, local surgery-related complications are diagnosed many years after surgery for aortic coarctation. The purposes of this study were: (1) to systematically evaluate asymptomatic adults after Dacron patch repair in childhood, (2) to estimate the formation rate of secondary thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) and (3) to assess outcomes after intravascular treatment for TAAs. Methods This study involved 37 asymptomatic patients (26 female and 11 male) who underwent surgical repair of aortic coarctation in the childhood. After they had reached adolescence, patients with secondary TAAs were referred to endovascular repair. Results Follow-up studies revealed TAA in seven cases (19%) (including six with the gothic type of the aortic arch) and mild recoarctation in other six (16%). Six of the TAA patients were treated with stentgrafts, but one refused to undergo an endovascular procedure. In three cases, stengrafts covered the left subclavian artery (LSA), in another the graft was implanted distally to the LSA. In two individuals, elective hybrid procedures were performed with surgical bypass to the supraaortic arteries followed by stengraft implantation. All subjects survived the secondary procedures. One patient developed type Ia endoleak after stentgraft implantation that was eventually treated with a debranching procedure. Conclusions The long-term course of clinically asymptomatic patients after coarctation patch repair is not uncommonly complicated by formation of TAAs (particularly in individuals with the gothic pattern of the aortic arch) that can be treated effectively with stentgrafts. However, in some patients hybrid procedures may be necessary. PMID:24386233

  2. Lower Extremity Microembolism in Open vs. Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Toursavadkohi, Shahab; Kakkos, Stavros K.; Rubinfeld, Ilan; Shepard, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Although previous studies have documented the occurrence of microembolization during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair by both open and endovascular approaches, no study has compared the downstream effects of these two repair techniques on lower extremity hemodynamics. In this prospective cohort study, 20 patients were treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) (11 Zenith, 8 Excluder, and 1 Medtronic) and 18 patients with open repair (OR) (16 bifurcated grafts, 2 tube grafts). Pre- and postoperative ankle-brachial indices (ABIs) and toe-brachial indices (TBIs) were measured preoperatively and on postoperative day (POD) 1 and 5. Demographics and preoperative ABIs/TBIs were identical in EVAR (0.97/0.63) and OR (0.96/0.63) patients (p = 0.21). There was a significant decrease in ABIs/TBIs following both EVAR (0.83/0.52, p = 0.01) and OR (0.73/0.39, p = 0.003) on POD #1, although this decrease was greater following OR than EVAR (p = 0.002). This difference largely resolved by POD #5 (p = 0.41). In the OR group, TBIs in the limb in which flow was restored first was significantly reduced compared to the contralateral limb (0.50 vs. 0.61, p = 0.03). In the EVAR group, there was also a difference in TBIs between the main body insertion side and the contralateral side (0.50 vs. 0.59, p = 0.02). Deterioration of lower extremity perfusion pressures occurs commonly after AAA repair regardless of repair technique. Toe perfusion is worse in the limb opened first during OR and on the main body insertion side following EVAR, suggesting that microembolization plays a major role in this deterioration. The derangement following OR is more profound than after EVAR on POD #1, but recovers rapidly. This finding suggests that microembolizarion may be worse with OR or alternatively that other factors associated with OR (e.g., the hemodynamic response to surgery with redistribution of flow to vital organs peri-operatively) may play a role. PMID

  3. Gender differences in abdominal aortic aneurysm presentation, repair, and mortality in the Vascular Study Group of New England

    PubMed Central

    Lo, Ruby C.; Bensley, Rodney P.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Wyers, Mark; Adams, Julie E.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives Prior studies of gender differences in AAA repair suggest there may be differences in presentation, suitability for EVAR, and outcomes between men and women. Methods We used the Vascular Study Group of New England database to identify all patients undergoing EVAR or open AAA repair (OAR). We analyzed demographics, comorbidities, and procedural, and perioperative data. Results were compared using Fisher’s exact test and student’s t-test. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards modeling was performed to identify predictors of mortality. Results We identified 4,026 patients who underwent AAA repair (78% male, 54% EVAR). Women were less likely than men to undergo EVAR for intact aneurysms (50% vs. 60% of intact AAA repairs of, P<.001) but not for ruptured aneurysms (26% vs. 20%, P=.23). Women were older (median age 75 vs. 72 years for intact, P<.001; 78 vs. 73 years for rupture, P<.001) with smaller aortic diameters (57 vs. 59mm for elective, P<.001; 71 vs. 79mm for rupture, P<.001). Arterial injury was more common in women (5.4% vs. 2.7%, P=0.013) among patients undergoing EVAR for intact aneurysms and women stayed in the hospital longer (4.3 vs. 2.7 days, P=.018) and had a lower odds of being discharged home, even after adjusting for age.. Among patients undergoing open repair for intact aneurysms, women more frequently experienced leg ischemia/emboli (4% vs. 1%, P=.001) and bowel ischemia (5% vs. 3%, P=.044). Women had higher 30-day mortality after OAR for both intact (4% vs. 2%, P=.03) and rupture (48% vs. 34%, P=.03) repairs. However, 30-day mortality after EVAR was similar for both intact (1% in men vs. 1% in women, P=.57) and rupture (29% in men vs. 27% in women, P=1.00) repairs. Late survival was worse in women than men only for patients undergoing open repair of ruptured aneurysms (HR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0–3.1, P=.04). After controlling for age, type of repair, urgency at presentation (i.e. elective/intact vs. ruptured

  4. A new intercostal artery management strategy for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Mell, Matthew W; Wynn, Martha M; Reeder, Scott B; Tefera, Girma; Hoch, John R; Acher, Charles W

    2009-06-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe a new approach for addressing the intraoperative management of intercostal arteries during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, using preoperative spinal MRA for detection of intercostal arteries supplying the anterior spinal artery. Patients undergoing TAAA repair from August 2005 to September 2007 were included. Spinal artery MRA was performed to identify the anterior spinal artery, the artery of Adamkiewicz, and its major intercostal source artery (SA-AAK). Intraoperative spinal cord protection was carried out using standard techniques. Important intercostal arteries were either preserved or reimplanted as a button patch after removing aortic clamps. Demographic and perioperative data were collected for review. Analysis was performed with Fisher's exact test or Student's t-test, where applicable, using SAS ver. 8.0 (Cary, NC). Spinal artery MRA was performed in 27 patients. The SA-AAK was identified in 85% of preoperative studies. Open or endovascular repair was performed in 74% and 26% of patients, respectively. The SA-AAK was preserved or reimplanted in 13 (65%) of patients who underwent open repair. A mean of 1.67 (range 1-3) intercostal arteries were reimplanted. All patients undergoing endovascular repair necessitated coverage of the SA-AAK. No patient developed immediate or delayed paraplegia. Longer mean operative times in the reimplanted cohort were not statistically significant (330 versus 245 min, P = 0.1). The SA-AAK identified by MRA can be preserved or safely reimplanted after TAAA repair. Further study is warranted to determine if selective intercostal reimplantation can reduce the risk of immediate or delayed paraplegia.

  5. Early Diagnosis and Repair of Double Saccular Aneurysms of the Aortic Arch Associated With Aortic Coarctation in an Infant With Loeys-Dietz Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Ilyin, Vladimir N; Kornoukhov, O Ju; Khovrin, Valery V; Kryukov, Vladislav A; Valitova, Asia A; Ilina, Maria V

    2016-03-01

    Multiple saccular aneurysms of the thoracic aorta in neonates and infants are exceedingly rare. An association of these aneurysms with Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) in older age-groups is well known. This case report describes the diagnosis and subsequent successful repair of aortic coarctation associated with double saccular aneurysms of the thoracic aorta in patient with LDS during the first year of life.

  6. Hybrid endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm in a patient with Behçet's disease following right to left carotid-carotid bypass grafting.

    PubMed

    Hong, Soonchang; Park, Han Ki; Shim, Won-Heum; Youn, Young-Nam

    2011-03-01

    Endovascular repair of inflammatory aortic aneurysms has been reported as an alternative to open surgical treatment. In selective cases, adjunctive bypass surgery may be required to provide an adequate landing zone. We report a case of endovascular repair of an inflammatory aortic aneurysm in a patient with Behçet's disease using a carotid-carotid bypass graft to provide an adequate landing zone. A 45-yr-old man with a voice change was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of saccular aneurysm of the distal aortic arch resulting from vasculitis. Computed tomography showed a thoracic aortic aneurysm with thrombosis. Right to left carotid-carotid bypass grafting was performed. After 8 days, the patient underwent an endovascular stent graft placement distal to the origin of the innominate artery. The patient was discharged with medication and without postoperative complications after 5 days. Hybrid endovascular treatment may be suitable a complementary modality for repairing inflammatory aortic aneurysms.

  7. Cost-effectiveness of open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in the OVER trial.

    PubMed

    Stroupe, Kevin T; Lederle, Frank A; Matsumura, Jon S; Kyriakides, Tassos C; Jonk, Yvonne C; Ge, Ling; Freischlag, Julie A

    2012-10-01

    This study was conducted to determine the costs and comparative cost-effectiveness of two methods of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the Open Versus Endovascular Repair (OVER) Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Study, a multicenter randomized trial of 881 patients. The primary outcomes of this analysis were mean total health care cost per life-year and per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) from randomization to 2 years after. QALYs were calculated from EuroQol (EQ)-5D questionnaires collected at baseline and annually. Health care utilization data were obtained directly from patients and from national VA and Medicare data sources. VA costs were obtained from national VA sources using methods previously developed by the VA Health Economics Resource Center. Costs for non-VA care were determined from Medicare claims data or billing data from the patient's health care providers. After 2 years of follow-up, mean life-years were 1.78 in the endovascular repair group and 1.74 in the open repair group (difference, 0.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.03 to 0.09; P = .29). Mean QALYs were 1.462 in the endovascular group and 1.461 in the open group (difference adjusting for baseline EQ-5D score, 0.006; 95% CI, -0.038 to 0.052; P = .78). Mean graft costs were higher in the endovascular group ($14,052 vs $1363; P < .001), but length of stay was shorter (5.0 vs 10.5 days; P < .001), resulting in a lower mean cost of the hospital admission for the AAA procedure in the endovascular repair group of $37,068 vs $42,970 (difference, -$5901; 95% CI, -$12,135 to -$821; P = .04). After 2 years, total health care costs remained lower in the endovascular group, but the difference was no longer significant (-$5019; 95% CI, -$16,720 to $4928; P = .35). The probability of endovascular repair being less costly and more effective was 70.9% for life-years and 51.4% for QALYs. In this multicenter randomized trial, endovascular AAA repair resulted in lower cost and better survival than

  8. Endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm: an evidence-based analysis.

    PubMed

    2005-01-01

    To conduct an assessment on endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). Aneurysm is the most common condition of the thoracic aorta requiring surgery. Aortic aneurysm is defined as a localized dilatation of the aorta. Most aneurysms of the thoracic aorta are asymptomatic and incidentally discovered. However, TAA tends to enlarge progressively and compress surrounding structures causing symptoms such as chest or back pain, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), dyspnea (shortness of breath), cough, stridor (a harsh, high-pitched breath sound), and hoarseness. Significant aortic regurgitation causes symptoms of congestive heart failure. Embolization of the thrombus to the distal arterial circulation may occur and cause related symptoms. The aneurysm may eventually rupture and create a life-threatening condition. The overall incidence rate of TAA is about 10 per 100,000 person-years. The descending aorta is involved in about 30% to 40% of these cases. The prognosis of large untreated TAAs is poor, with a 3-year survival rate as low as 25%. Intervention is strongly recommended for any symptomatic TAA or any TAA that exceeds twice the diameter of a normal aorta or is 6 cm or larger. Open surgical treatment of TAA involves left thoracotomy and aortic graft replacement. Surgical treatment has been found to improve survival when compared with medical therapy. However, despite dramatic advances in surgical techniques for performing such complex operations, operative mortality from centres of excellence are between 8% and 20% for elective cases, and up to 50% in patients requiring emergency operations. In addition, survivors of open surgical repair of TAAs may suffer from severe complications. Postoperative or postprocedural complications of descending TAA repair include paraplegia, myocardial infarction, stroke, respiratory failure, renal failure, and intestinal ischemia. Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) using a stent graft, a procedure called

  9. Endovascular coil embolization of segmental arteries prevents paraplegia after subsequent thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: an experimental model.

    PubMed

    Geisbüsch, Sarah; Stefanovic, Angelina; Koruth, Jacob S; Lin, Hung-Mo; Morgello, Susan; Weisz, Donald J; Griepp, Randall B; Di Luozzo, Gabriele

    2014-01-01

    To test a strategy for minimizing ischemic spinal cord injury after extensive thoracoabdominal aneurysm (TAAA) repair, we occluded a small number of segmental arteries (SAs) endovascularly 1 week before simulated aneurysm repair in an experimental model. Thirty juvenile Yorkshire pigs (25.2 ± 1.7 kg) were randomized into 3 groups. All SAs, both intercostal and lumbar, were killed by a combination of surgical ligation of the lumbar SAs and occlusion of intercostal SAs with thoracic endovascular stent grafting. Seven to 10 days before this simulated TAAA replacement, SAs in the lower thoracic/upper lumbar region were occluded using embolization coils: 1.5 ± 0.5 SAs in group 1 (T13/L1), and 4.5 ± 0.5 SAs in group 2 (T11-L3). No SAs were coiled in the controls. Hind limb function was evaluated blindly from daily videotapes using a modified Tarlov score (0 = paraplegia, 9 = full recovery). After death, each segment of spinal cord was graded histologically using the 9-point Kleinman score (0 = normal, 8 = complete necrosis). Hind limb function remained normal after coil embolization. After simulated TAAA repair, paraplegia occurred in 6 of 10 control pigs, but in only 2 of 10 pigs in group 1; no pigs in group 2 had a spinal cord injury. Tarlov scores were significantly better in group 2 (control vs group 1, P = .06; control vs group 2, P = .0002; group 1 vs group 2, P = .05). A dramatic reduction in histologic damage, most prominently in the coiled region, was seen when SAs were embolized before simulated TAAA repair. Endovascular coiling of 2 to 4 SAs prevented paraplegia in an experimental model of extensive hybrid TAAA repair, and helped protect the spinal cord from ischemic histopathologic injury. A clinical trial in a selected patient population at high risk for postoperative spinal cord injury may be appropriate. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  10. Postoperative Surveillance and Long-term Outcomes After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Among Medicare Beneficiaries.

    PubMed

    Garg, Trit; Baker, Laurence C; Mell, Matthew W

    2015-10-01

    The Society for Vascular Surgery recommends annual surveillance with computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. However, such lifelong surveillance may be unnecessary for most patients, thereby contributing to overuse of imaging services. To investigate whether nonadherence to Society for Vascular Surgery-recommended surveillance guidelines worsens long-term outcomes after EVAR among Medicare beneficiaries. We collected data from Medicare claims from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2011. A total of 9503 patients covered by fee-for-service Medicare who underwent EVAR from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2005, were categorized as receiving complete or incomplete surveillance. We performed logistic regressions controlling for patient demographic and hospital characteristics. Patients were then matched by propensity score with adjusting for all demographic variables, including age, sex, race, Medicaid eligibility, residential status, hospital volume, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, and all preexisting comorbidities. We then calculated differences in long-term outcomes after EVAR between adjusted groups. Data analysis was performed from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2011. Post-EVAR imaging modality, aneurysm-related mortality, late rupture, and complications. Median follow-up duration was 6.1 years. Incomplete surveillance was observed in 5526 of 9695 patients (57.0%) who survived the initial hospital stay at a mean (SD) of 5.2 (2.9) years after EVAR. After propensity matching, our cohort consisted of 7888 patients, among whom 3944 (50.0%) had incomplete surveillance. For those in the matched cohort, patients with incomplete surveillance had a lower incidence of late ruptures (26 of 3944 [0.7%] vs 57 of 3944 [1.4%]; P = .001) and major or minor reinterventions (46 of 3944 [1.2%] vs 246 of 3944 [6.2%]; P < .001) in unadjusted analysis. Aneurysm

  11. Failure to rescue and mortality after reoperation for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Mell, Matthew W; Kind, Amy; Bartels, Christie M; Smith, Maureen A

    2011-08-01

    Complications after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair resulting in reintervention increase mortality risk, but have not been well studied. Mortality after reintervention is termed failure to rescue and may reflect differences related to quality management of the complication. This study describes the relationship between reoperation and mortality and examines the effect of physician speciality on reintervention rates and failure to rescue after AAA repair. Data were extracted for 2616 patients who underwent intact AAA repair in 2005 to 2006 from a standard 5% random sample of all Medicare beneficiaries. Patient demographics, comorbidities, hospital characteristics, repair type, and speciality of operating surgeon were collected. Primary outcomes were 30-day reoperation and 30-day mortality. Logistic regression analysis identified characteristics predicting reoperation. A total of 156 reoperations were required in 142 (4.2%) patients. Early mortality was far more likely for patients requiring reintervention than for those who did not (22.5% vs 1.5%; P < .0001). Of patients requiring reoperation, those requiring two or more interventions had an even higher mortality (54% vs 20%; P = .0007). Despite equivalent reoperation rates between specialities (vascular surgeons, 5.2%; others, 5.6%, P = .67), the mortality after reoperation was nearly half for vascular surgeons compared with other specialities (16.2% vs 32.3%; P = .04). The most common reason for reoperation was arterial complications (35.8%) accounting for the largest difference in mortality between vascular surgeons (30.7%) and other specialities (52.0%). Postoperative complications requiring reoperation dramatically increase mortality after AAA repair. Despite similar complication rates, vascular surgeons showed lower mortality rates after reoperation. Copyright © 2011. Published by Mosby, Inc.

  12. Role of preoperative radionuclide ejection fraction in direct abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    SciTech Connect

    Kazmers, A.; Cerqueira, M.D.; Zierler, R.E.

    1988-08-01

    Preoperative radionuclide ventriculography was performed in 60 patients to assess whether such testing could define those at increased risk after direct abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. None of the patients had prophylactic coronary artery reconstruction to reduce the risk of AAA repair despite angina in 27% and previous myocardial infarction (MI) in 42%. The mean ejection fraction (EF) was 52% +/- 15% (range 14% to 78%). Low EF (normal greater than 50%) was present in 40%, whereas ventricular wall motion abnormalities were present in 39% of patients. The overall perioperative (30-day) mortality rate was 5%. MI occurred in 7% within 30 postoperative days; none was fatal. Life-table analysis revealed that overall survival after AAA repair was significantly lower in patients with an EF of 50% or less (p less than 0.025, Mantel-Cox) during a follow-up of 20.1 +/- 11.9 months. Overall survival differences were even more striking for those with an EF of 35% or less (p = 0.003, Mantel-Cox). There was a marked difference in the cumulative mortality rate during follow-up, being 50% in those patients with an EF of 35% or less (n = 10) compared with 14% in those with an EF greater than 35% (n = 50, p = 0.036, Fisher exact test). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of perioperative MI or perioperative death for those with an EF of 35% or less vs EF greater than 35%. 50 references.

  13. Early experience with the minimal extracorporeal circulation system (MECC) during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Palombo, D; Valenti, D; Gaggiano, A; Lupo, M; Borin, P

    2004-03-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe our early experience with a minimal extracorporeal circulation system (MECC), a compact closed heparin coated system consisting of a centrifugal pump and a membrane oxygenator, during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. Between January and December 2002 the MECC system was employed in seven consecutive patients (four TAAA type II, two TAAA type I and one TAAA type III according to the Crawford classification). In all patients distal aortic, selective renal and visceral perfusion was performed with this compact closed heparin coated system consisting of a centrifugal pump and a membrane oxygenator. The MECC system was used in all cases with no technical malfunctions. Six out seven patients were discharged from the unit. One patient developed paraplegia after TAAA repair and died on the third post-operative day from multi-organ failure. In this case the total spinal ischaemic time was 120 min and the distal aortic perfusion pressure was <50 mmHg. No cardiac, cerebral, renal, hepatic or bleeding complications were recorded in the remaining six patients. Our early experience with MECC during TAAA repair showed that it is feasible for distal aortic spinal and visceral selective perfusion. Further large clinical trials are required to determine the efficacy of this technique.

  14. Anatomic and procedural determinants of fluoroscopy time during elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Ruz, Ricardo; Lee, Kevin; Power, Adam H; DeRose, Guy; Forbes, Thomas L; Dubois, Luc

    2016-02-01

    To identify both the procedural and anatomic factors which determine duration of fluoroscopy during elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We retrospectively analyzed our prospectively maintained EVAR database for the relationship between fluoroscopy time and both procedural (type of graft, configuration, number of components, surgeon) and anatomic factors reflective of aneurysm complexity (15 variables). A total of 128 patients underwent elective EVAR with a mean fluoroscopy time of 5.7 ± 3.4 min. The type of grafts used consisted of 41 (32%) Zenith, 85 (66.4%) Endurant and 2 (1.6%) Anaconda, with 105 (82%) being bifurcated and 23 (18%) being aorto-uni-iliac (AUI) in configuration. Both the surgeon performing the procedure (p = 0.001) and graft configuration (bifurcated vs. AUI, p = 0.03) were found to be predictive of fluoroscopy time; while procedural and anatomic variables were not. The surgeon's efficiency in the use of fluoroscopy during EVAR is the most important determinant of total fluoroscopy time. Anatomic complexity, make of device, and number of components inserted have minimal impact on duration of fluoroscopy. An endovascular surgeon's ability to curtail fluoroscopy duration is the key component in minimizing radiation exposure to both the surgical team and the patient. © The Author(s) 2015.

  15. Circulating biomarkers are not associated with endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Moxon, Joseph V; Ng, Eugene; Lazzaroni, Sharon M; Boult, Margaret; Velu, Ramesh; Fitridge, Robert A; Golledge, Jonathan

    2017-08-23

    Endoleak is a common complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) but can be detected only through prolonged follow-up with repeated aortic imaging. This study examined the potential for circulating matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), osteoprotegerin (OPG), D-dimer, homocysteine (HCY), and C-reactive protein (CRP) to act as diagnostic markers for endoleak in AAA patients undergoing elective EVAR. Linear mixed-effects models were constructed to assess differences in AAA diameter after EVAR between groups of patients who did and did not develop endoleak during follow-up, adjusting for potential confounders. Circulating MMP9, OPG, D-dimer, HCY, and CRP concentrations were measured in preoperative and postoperative plasma samples. The association of these markers with endoleak diagnosis was assessed using linear mixed effects adjusted as before. The potential for each marker to diagnose endoleak was assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves. Seventy-five patients were included in the study, 24 of whom developed an endoleak during follow-up. Patients with an endoleak had significantly larger AAA sac diameters than those who did not have an endoleak. None of the assessed markers showed a significant association with endoleak. This was confirmed through receiver operating characteristic curve analyses indicating poor diagnostic ability for all markers. Circulating concentrations of MMP9, OPG, D-dimer, HCY, and CRP were not associated with endoleak in patients undergoing EVAR in this study. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Bladder and rectal incontinence without paraplegia or paraparesis after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Nishioka, Naritomo; Kurimoto, Yoshihiko; Maruyama, Ryushi; Ujihira, Kosuke; Iba, Yutaka; Hatta, Eiichiro; Yamada, Akira; Nakanishi, Katsuhiko

    2016-12-01

    Spinal cord ischemia is a well-known potential complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and it is usually manifested by paraplegia or paraparesis. We describe a case in which spinal cord ischemia after EVAR presented by isolated bladder and rectal incontinence without other neurological deficits. A 63-year-old woman presented with intermittent claudication secondary to an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and a left common iliac artery obstruction, for which she underwent EVAR using an aorto-uniiliac (AUI) device and ilio-femoral artery bypass. On postoperative day 3, she developed urinary and fecal incontinence without signs of paraplegia or paraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a hyper-intense signal in the spinal cord. She received hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy and was discharged after 18 days when her urinary and fecal incontinence were almost resolved. This report suggests that spinal cord ischemia after EVAR for aortoiliac occlusive disease might present as bladder and rectal incontinence without other neurological manifestations.

  17. Impact of sarcopenia on long-term mortality following endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Hale, Allyson L; Twomey, Kayla; Ewing, Joseph A; Langan, Eugene M; Cull, David L; Gray, Bruce H

    2016-06-01

    Sarcopenia, also known as a reduction of skeletal muscle mass, is a patient-specific risk factor for vascular and cancer patients. However, there are no data on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) who have sarcopenia. To determine the impact of sarcopenia on mortality following EVAR, we retrospectively reviewed 200 patients treated with EVAR by estimating muscle mass on abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans. Mortality was analyzed according to its presence (n=25) or absence (n=175). Sarcopenia was more common in women than men (32.0% vs 9.7%; p=0.005). Patients with sarcopenia had an increased risk of mortality compared to those without (76% vs 48%; p=0.016). Of note, the overall mortality rate was 51% with a median follow up of 8.4 years (interquartile range, 5.3-11.7). In conclusion, the presence of sarcopenia on a CT scan is an important predictor of long-term mortality in patients treated for AAA with EVAR. Pending further study, these data suggest that sarcopenia may aid in pre-procedural long-term survival assessment of patients undergoing EVAR. © The Author(s) 2016.

  18. Percutaneous Treatment of Sac Rupture in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair (EVAR)

    SciTech Connect

    Lagana, Domenico Mangini, Monica Fontana, Federico; Nicotera, Paolo; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Fugazzola, Carlo

    2009-01-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) previously treated by EVAR. In the last year, two male patients with AAAs, treated 8 and 23 months ago with bifurcated stent-graft, were observed because of lumbar pain and hemorragic shock. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) showed a retroperitoneal hematoma; in both cases a type III endoleak was detected, in one case associated with a type II endoleak from the iliolumbar artery. The procedures were performed in the theater, in emergency. Type II endoleak was treated with transcatheter superselective glue injection; type III endoleaks were excluded by a stent-graft extension. The procedures were successful in both patients, with immediate hemodynamic stabilization. MDCT after the procedure showed complete exclusion of the aneurysms. In conclusion, endovascular treatment is a safe and feasible option for the treatment of ruptured AAAs previously treated by EVAR; this approach allows avoidance of surgical conversion, which is technical very challenging, with a high morbidity and mortality rate.

  19. Migration of the Zenith Flex Device during Endovascular Aortic Repair of an Infrarenal Aortic Aneurysm with a Severely Angulated Neck

    PubMed Central

    Nishimaki, Hiroshi; Chiba, Kiyoshi; Murakami, Kenji; Sakurai, Yuka; Fujiwara, Keishi; Miyairi, Takeshi; Nakajima, Yasuo

    2016-01-01

    A woman in her 80s with an infrarenal aortic aneurysm was scheduled for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). The aneurysm had a severely angulated neck (SAN), and the Zenith Flex device was selected. Completion angiography showed migration of the main body resulting in right renal artery stenosis. A Palmaz genesis was placed across the renal orifice. The patient had no renal dysfunction and was discharged 7 days after EVAR. If Zenith Flex devices are used for a SAN, it is necessary to consider not only the position of the renal artery but also the appropriate position of the stent-graft. PMID:27738470

  20. The Use of Direct Thrombin Injection to Treat a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, Peter K. Kennedy, Peter T.; Collins, Anton J.; Blair, Paul H.

    2003-09-15

    This report describes the use of thrombin to treat a type II endoleak which was causing continued abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion in a patient who had undergone endovascular repair. A small quantity of thrombin was injected into the leak by a percutaneous approach directly into the aneurysm sac using color doppler ultrasound. The procedure was successful and required only a few minutes to perform. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion.

  1. Surgical Exposure to Control the Distal Internal Carotid Artery at the Base of the Skull during Carotid Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Davis, Laura; Zeitouni, Anthony; Makhoul, Nicholas; Steinmetz, Oren K

    2016-07-01

    Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms are rare. Treatment options for these lesions include endovascular interventions, such as coiling and stenting, or surgical reconstruction, such as resection and primary reanastomosis, or interposition bypass grafting. In this report, we describe the surgical technique used to perform surgical repair of an internal carotid artery aneurysm extending up to the base of the skull. Anterior exposure of the infratemporal fossa and distal control of the carotid artery at the level of the carotid canal was achieved through a transcervical approach, performing double mandibular osteotomies with superior reflection of the middle mandibular section. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Embolisation of a Proximal Type I Endoleak Post-Nellix Aortic Aneurysm Repair Complicated by Reflux of Onyx into the Nellix Endograft Limb

    SciTech Connect

    Ameli-Renani, S. Das, R. Weller, A. Chung, R. Morgan, R. A.

    2015-06-15

    We report the first case of intervention for a proximal type 1 endoleak following Nellix endovascular aneurysm sealing repair of an aortic aneurysm. This was complicated by migration of Onyx into one of the Nellix graft limbs causing significant stenosis. Subsequent placement of a covered stent to affix the Onyx between the stent and the wall of the Nellix endograft successfully restored stent patency.

  3. Prediction of deformations during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair using finite element simulation.

    PubMed

    Kaladji, Adrien; Dumenil, Aurélien; Castro, Miguel; Cardon, Alain; Becquemin, Jean-Pierre; Bou-Saïd, Benyebka; Lucas, Antoine; Haigron, Pascal

    2013-03-01

    During endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), the introduction of medical devices deforms the arteries. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of finite element simulation to predict arterial deformations during EVAR. The aortoiliac structure was extracted from the preoperative CT angiography of fourteen patients underwent EVAR. The simulation consists in modeling the deformation induced by the stiff wire used during EVAR. The results of the simulation were projected onto the intraoperative images, using a 3D/2D registration. The mean distance between the real and simulated guidewire was 2.3±1.1mm. Our results demonstrate that finite element simulation is feasible and appear to be reproducible in modeling device/tissue interactions and quantifying anatomic deformations during EVAR.

  4. Video-assisted thoracic surgery for cancer after thoracic aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Lauren J; Adesoye, Taiwo; Maloney, James D

    2016-02-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is increasingly accepted as an alternative to open thoracotomy and has established efficacy in the management of non-small-cell lung cancer, but the presence of extensive intrapleural adhesions has been considered a deterrent to a minimally invasive approach. We report the successful use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in 3 patients with history of open thoracic aortic aneurysm repair who presented with left lower lobe stage I non-small-cell lung cancer. While this approach is feasible, it is technically demanding and thus, at the present time, we recommend that its use be limited to high-volume video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery centers. © The Author(s) 2015.

  5. Three-Stage Esophagectomy Combined with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: First Case in the Literature.

    PubMed

    Klonaris, Chris; Schizas, Dimitrios; Karaolanis, Georgios; Athanasiadis, Dimitrios; Alexandrou, Andreas; Liakakos, Theodore

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe the synchronous surgical treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with concomitant esophageal cancer with a 3-stage esophagectomy, a real management challenge especially in establishing the therapeutic priorities and the ideal treatment approach. A 65-year-old male was referred for treatment in our hospital with the diagnosis of AAA. He complained of general fatigue, weight loss, and intermittent dysphagia. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and upper endoscopy showed the AAA and a large gastroesophageal junction tumor, respectively. Considering his age and the absence of severe comorbidities, he underwent 3-stage esophagectomy combined with AAA repair. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged on the 15th postoperative day. He was offered adjuvant chemotherapy and remains free of disease and with a patent aortic graft at 18 months of follow-up. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Surgical repair of an aberrant splenic artery aneurysm: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, Giulio; LaMuraglia, Glenn; Nigri, Giuseppe; Vietri, Francesco

    2007-03-01

    Aneurysms of the splenic artery are the most common splanchnic aneurysms. Aneurysms of a splenic artery with an anomalous origin from the superior mesenteric artery are however rare, with eight previously reported cases. Their indications for treatment are superposable to those of aneurysms affecting an orthotopic artery. Methods of treatment of this condition include endovascular, minimally invasive techniques and surgical resection. We report one more case of aneurysm of an aberrant splenic artery, treated with surgical resection, and preservation of the spleen.

  7. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Using a Reverse Chimney Technique in a Patient With Marfan Syndrome and Contained Ruptured Chronic Type B Dissection

    SciTech Connect

    Ketelsen, Dominik; Kalender, Guenay; Heuschmid, Martin; Syha, Roland; Mangold, Stefanie; Claussen, Claus D.; Brechtel, Klaus

    2011-10-15

    We report endovascular thoracic and abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) with reverse chimney technique in a patient with contained ruptured type B dissection. EVAR seems feasible as a bailout option in Marfan patients with acute life-threatening disease.

  8. Indications, risk factors, and outcomes of 30-day readmission after infrarenal abdominal aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Dakour Aridi, Hanaa N; Locham, Satinderjit; Nejim, Besma; Ghajar, Nasr S; Alshaikh, Husain; Malas, Mahmoud B

    2017-09-22

    Reducing readmissions is an important target for improving patient care and enhancing health care quality and cost-effectiveness. The aim of this study was to assess rates, risk factors, and indications of 30-day readmission after open aortic repair (OAR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). A retrospective analysis of the Premier Healthcare Database from 2009 to 2015 was performed. Indications for readmission after the index procedure, risk factors, and outcomes of the index admission and rehospitalization were evaluated. Multivariate logistic models were used to assess the association between 30-day readmission and different patient and hospital factors. A total of 33,332 AAA repair procedures were identified: 27,483 (82.5%) EVAR and 5849 (17.5%) OAR. The overall rate of 30-day readmission was 8.1%, and it was greater after OAR (12.9% vs 7.1% in EVAR; P < .001). In general, the most common specific readmission diagnoses were infectious complications (16.1%), followed by respiratory and cardiac complications (11.8% and 11.3%, respectively). After multivariate adjustment, OAR was associated with higher 30-day readmission compared with EVAR (adjusted odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-1.2; P = .04). Other risk factors of 30-day readmission included female gender, emergency and urgent procedures, certain patient comorbidities (dyslipidemia, congestive heart failure, history of transient ischemic attack, previous cardiac surgery, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, chronic kidney disease, peripheral vascular disease, and history of malignant disease), and hemorrhage/shock/bleeding occurring during the index admission as well as nonhome discharge. Readmitted patients had an overall in-hospital mortality of 3.6% and paid a median rehospitalization cost of $7757. Our study shows that around 8.1% of patients undergoing infrarenal AAA repair were readmitted within 30 days. Because many

  9. Adherence to postoperative surveillance guidelines after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair among Medicare beneficiaries.

    PubMed

    Garg, Trit; Baker, Laurence C; Mell, Matthew W

    2015-01-01

    After endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), the Society for Vascular Surgery recommends a computed tomography (CT) scan ≤30 days, followed by annual imaging. We sought to describe long-term adherence to surveillance guidelines among United States Medicare beneficiaries and determine patient and hospital factors associated with incomplete surveillance. We analyzed fee-for-service Medicare claims for patients receiving EVAR from 2002 to 2005 and collected all relevant postoperative imaging through 2011. Additional data included patient comorbidities and demographics, yearly hospital volume of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, and Medicaid eligibility. Allowing a grace period of 3 months, complete surveillance was defined as at least one CT or ultrasound assessment every 15 months after EVAR. Incomplete surveillance was categorized as gaps for intervals >15 months between consecutive images as or lost to follow-up if >15 months elapsed after the last imaging. Our cohort comprised 9695 patients. Median follow-up duration was 6.1 years. A CT scan ≤30 days of EVAR was performed in 3085 (31.8%) patients and ≤60 days in 60.8%. The median time to the postoperative CT was 38 days (interquartile range, 25-98 days). Complete surveillance was observed in 4169 patients (43.0%). For this group, the mean follow-up time was shorter than for those with incomplete surveillance (3.4 ± 2.74 vs 6.5 ± 2.1 years; P < .001). Among those with incomplete surveillance, follow-up became incomplete at 3.3 ± 1.9 years, with 57.6% lost to follow-up, 64.1% with gaps in follow-up (mean gap length, 760 ± 325 days), and 37.6% with both. A multivariable analysis showed incomplete surveillance was independently associated with Medicaid eligibility (hazard ratio [HR], 1.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-1.55; P < .001), low-volume hospitals (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.05-1.20; P < .001), and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (HR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.24-1.84; P < .001). Postoperative imaging

  10. Endovascular repair vs open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: comparative utilization trends from 2001 to 2006.

    PubMed

    Levin, David C; Rao, Vijay M; Parker, Laurence; Frangos, Andrea J; Sunshine, Jonathan H

    2009-07-01

    Within the past few years, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has come into use for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). In many cases, EVAR has the potential to replace traditional open surgical repair (OSR), which is more invasive, risky, and expensive. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent EVAR is replacing OSR, whether the frequency of treatment is increasing with the advent of the less invasive approach, and which specialties are performing the procedures. The Medicare Part B data sets for 2001 through 2006 were studied. Procedure volume and utilization rates per 100,000 Medicare beneficiaries were determined for the 7 Current Procedural Terminology, fourth edition, procedure codes that describe EVAR and the 4 codes that describe OSR for AAA. Medicare's physician specialty codes were used to ascertain the specialties of the physician providers. A total of 31,965 OSRs for AAA were performed in Medicare beneficiaries in 2001, dropping to 15,665 by 2006 (-51%). In contrast, EVAR was carried out in 11,028 instances in 2001, increasing to 28,937 by 2006 (+162%). The utilization rate per 100,000 for OSR dropped from 90 to 42 (a rate decrease of 48) during the study period, while the rate for EVAR increased from 31 to 77 (a rate increase of 46). The combined utilization rate per 100,000 of the two types of interventions for AAA (EVAR and OSR) decreased from 121 in 2001 to 119 in 2006. In performing EVAR, procedure volume and market share in 2006 by specialty were 1) 22,003 procedures by surgeons, a 76% share; 2) 3,287 procedures by radiologists, an 11% share; 3) 1,915 procedures by cardiologists, a 7% share; and 4) 1,732 procedures by all other physicians, a 6% share. Treatment for AAA seems to be an example of the responsible use of new technology by physicians. The newer, less invasive, and less risky procedure (EVAR) is replacing the older and more invasive procedure (OSR) to a considerable degree. However, the overall combined

  11. Endovascular aneurysm repair in emergent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with a ‘real’ hostile neck and severely tortuous iliac artery of an elderly patient

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been a revolutionary development in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Meanwhile, unfavorable anatomy of the aneurysm has always been a challenge to vascular surgeons, and the application of EVAR in emergent and elderly patients are still in dispute. Case presentation A 79-year-old woman presented as an emergency of abdominal pain with acute hypotension, heart rate elevation and a rapid decrease of hemoglobin. Emergent computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed a ruptured AAA (rAAA) extending from below the opening of bilateral renal arteries down to the celiac artery and elongated to both common iliac arteries. The hostile neck and severely tortuous iliac artery made the following procedure a great challenge. An emergent endovascular approach was performed in which an excluder aortic main body was deployed below the origin of the bilateral renal arteries covering the ruptured aortic segment. Two iliac legs were placed superior to the opening of the right hypogastric respectively. In order to avoid the type Ib endoleak, we tried to deploy another cuff above the bifurcation of the iliac artery. However, the severely tortuous right iliac artery made this procedure extremely difficult, and a balloon-assisted technique was used in order to keep the stiff wire stable. Another iliac leg was placed above the bifurcation of the left iliac artery. The following angiography showed a severe Ia endoleak in the proximal neck and therefore, a cuff was deployed distal to opening of the left renal artery with off-the-shelf solution. The patient had an uneventful recovery with a resolution of the rAAA. She is well and symptom-free 6 months later. Conclusion Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in emergent elderly rAAA with hostile neck and severe tortuous iliac artery is extremely challenging, and endovascular management with integrated technique is feasible and may achieve a satisfactory early result. PMID

  12. Early-Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/Computed Tomography and PET Angiography for Endoleak Detection After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Drescher, Robert; Gühne, Falk; Freesmeyer, Martin

    2017-06-01

    To propose a positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) protocol including early-dynamic and late-phase acquisitions to evaluate graft patency and aneurysm diameter, detect endoleaks, and rule out graft or vessel wall inflammation after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in one examination without intravenous contrast medium. Early-dynamic PET/CT of the endovascular prosthesis is performed for 180 seconds immediately after intravenous injection of F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose. Data are reconstructed in variable time frames (time periods after tracer injection) to visualize the arterial anatomy and are displayed as PET angiography or fused with CT images. Images are evaluated in view of vascular abnormalities, graft configuration, and tracer accumulation in the aneurysm sac. Whole-body PET/CT is performed 90 to 120 minutes after tracer injection. This protocol for early-dynamic PET/CT and PET angiography has the potential to evaluate vascular diseases, including the diagnosis of complications after endovascular procedures.

  13. Development of a Risk Index for Prediction of Mortality after Open Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Ramanan, Bala; Gupta, Prateek K; Sundaram, Abhishek; Gupta, Himani; Johanning, Jason M.; Lynch, Thomas G.; MacTaggart, Jason N.; Pipinos, Iraklis I.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Open infrarenal aortic aneurysm (oAAA) repair is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While there has been a shift towards endovascular repair, many patients continue to undergo an open repair due to anatomical considerations. Tools currently existing for estimation of peri-procedural risk in patients undergoing open aortic surgery have certain limitations. The objective of this study was to develop a risk index to estimate the risk of 30-day perioperative mortality after elective oAAA repair. Methods Patients who underwent elective oAAA repair (n=2845) were identified from the American College of Surgeons’ 2007-09 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) - a prospective database maintained at multiple centers (>250). Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to evaluate risk factors associated with 30-day mortality after oAAA repair and a risk index was developed. Results The 30-day mortality after oAAA repair was 3.3%. On multivariable analysis, six preoperative predictors of mortality were identified and a risk index was created by assigning weighted points to each predictor using the beta-coefficients from the regression analysis. The predictors included dyspnea (at rest: 8 points; on moderate exertion: 2 points; none: 0 points), history of peripheral arterial disease requiring revascularization or amputation (3 points), age >65 years (3 points), preoperative creatinine >1.5 mg/dl (2 points), female gender (2 points), and platelets < 150,000/mm3 or >350,000/mm3 (2 points). Patients were classified as low (<7%), intermediate (7-15%), and high (>15%) risk for 30-day mortality, based on a total point score of <8, 8-11, and >11, respectively. There were 2508 (88.2%) patients in the low risk category, while there were 278 (9.8%) patients in the intermediate, and 59 (2.1%) patients in the high risk category. Conclusions This risk index has excellent predictive ability for mortality after oAAA surgery and awaits

  14. Transient postoperative atrial fibrillation after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair increases mortality risk

    PubMed Central

    Kothari, Anai N.; Halandras, Pegge M.; Drescher, Max; Blackwell, Robert H.; Graunke, Dawn M.; Kliethermes, Stephanie; Kuo, Paul C.; Cho, Jae S.

    2016-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to determine whether new-onset transient postoperative atrial fibrillation (TPAF) affects mortality rates after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to identify predictors for the development of TPAF. Methods Patients who underwent open aortic repair or endovascular aortic repair for a principal diagnosis AAA were retrospectively identified using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-State Inpatient Database (Florida) for 2007 to 2011 and monitored longitudinally for 1 year. Inpatient and 1-year mortality rates were compared between those with and without TPAF. TPAF was defined as new-onset atrial fibrillation that developed in the postoperative period and subsequently resolved in patients without a history of atrial fibrillation. Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for age, gender, comorbidities, rupture status, and repair method, were used to assess 1-year survival. Predictive models were built with preoperative patient factors using Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector decision trees and externally validated on patients from California. Results A 3.7% incidence of TPAF was identified among 15,148 patients who underwent AAA repair. The overall mortality rate was 4.3%. The inpatient mortality rate was 12.3% in patients with TPAF vs 4.0% in those without TPAF. In the ruptured setting, the difference in mortality was similar between groups (33.7% vs 39.9%, P = .3). After controlling for age, gender, comorbid disease severity, urgency (ruptured vs nonruptured), and repair method, TPAF was associated with increased 1-year postoperative mortality (hazard ratio, 1.48; P < .001) and postdischarge mortality (hazard ratio, 1.56; P = .028). Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector-based models (C statistic = 0.70) were integrated into a Web-based application to predict an individual's probability of developing TPAF at the point of care. Conclusions The development of TPAF is associated with an increased risk

  15. National trends and regional variation of open and endovascular repair of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms in contemporary practice

    PubMed Central

    Scali, Salvatore T.; Goodney, Philip P.; Walsh, Daniel B.; Travis, Lori L.; Nolan, Brian W.; Goodman, David C.; Lucas, F. Lee; Stone, David H.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Successful surgical management of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) has historically relied upon open surgical repair (OSR). More recently, the advent and application of thoracic endovascular stent graft aneurysm repair (TEVAR) permutations have become increasingly performed in contemporary practice. To better determine the effect of TEVAR techniques on OSR, we examined national and regional trends in treatment use. Methods All Medicare patients from 1998 through 2007 undergoing isolated TAA and TAAA repair were analyzed using a clinically validated algorithm using diagnostic International Classification of Disease 9th revision (ICD-9; 441.1, 441.2, 441.6, 441.7, 441.9) codes and procedural (ICD-9 OSR: 38.35, 38.45 and TEVAR: 39.73, 39.79) codes. Differential rates of OSR and TEVAR were compared across census tract regions during the study interval. Results Total complex aortic repairs increased by 60%, from 10.8 to 17.8/100,000, between 1998 and 2007 (P <.001). A dramatic increase occurred in TEVAR (not performed in 1998, 5.8/100,000 in 2007) during the study period, but OSR rates remained stable during the same interval (10.7 to 12.0/100,000 in 2007, P < NS). There was substantial regional variation for both OSR and TEVAR. This regional variation was greater in OSR (range, 8.8–16.7/100,000) than in TEVAR (range, 4.5–6.9/100,000). Conclusions Degenerative TAA and TAAA aneurysms are being repaired in the United States at an increasing rate. This reflects the rapid acceptance of TEVAR, which apparently supplements rather than supplants OSR. There appears to be greater regional variation in OSR compared with TEVAR. These data may have significant implications for those interested in the effect of new technologies on health care and cost containment. PMID:21609795

  16. A 5-year evaluation using the talent endovascular graft for endovascular aneurysm repair in short aortic necks.

    PubMed

    Jim, Jeffrey; Sanchez, Luis A; Rubin, Brian G; Criado, Frank J; Fajardo, Andres; Geraghty, Patrick J; Sicard, Gregorio A

    2010-10-01

    Although endovascular aneurysm repair has been shown to be an effective way to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), certain anatomic characteristics such as a short aortic neck, limit its applicability. Initially, commercially available devices were approved only for the treatment of AAA with an aortic neck length ≥ 15 mm. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the recently approved Talent endograft for AAAs with a short aortic neck length (10-15 mm). Data were obtained from the prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter Talent enhanced Low Profile Stent Graft System trial which enrolled patients between February 2002 and April 2003. A total of 154 patients with adequate preoperative imaging were identified for this study. Subgroup analyses were performed for AAA with 10-15 mm aortic neck and those with >15 mm neck. Safety and effectiveness endpoints were evaluated at 30 days, 1 year, and 5 years postprocedure. Patients treated with aortic neck lengths of 10-15 mm (n = 35) and those with >15 mm (n = 102) had similar age, gender, and risk factor profile. Both groups had similar preoperative aneurysm morphology in terms of maximum aneurysm size, degree of neck angulation, or proximal neck diameter. There were no statistically significant differences in freedom from major adverse events and mortality rates at 30 and 365 days. Similarly, there was no difference in the effectiveness endpoints at 12 months. At 5 years, there was no difference in migration rate, endoleaks, or change in aneurysm diameter from baseline. In addition, there is no difference in freedom from aneurysm-related mortality (94% vs. 99%). AAAs with short aortic necks (10-15 mm) and otherwise suitable anatomy for endovascular repair can be safely and effectively treated with the Talent endograft with excellent 1 and 5 year outcomes. Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Endovascular strategy or open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: one-year outcomes from the IMPROVE randomized trial.

    PubMed

    2015-08-14

    To report the longer term outcomes following either a strategy of endovascular repair first or open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, which are necessary for both patient and clinical decision-making. This pragmatic multicentre (29 UK and 1 Canada) trial randomized 613 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ruptured aneurysm; 316 to an endovascular first strategy (if aortic morphology is suitable, open repair if not) and 297 to open repair. The principal 1-year outcome was mortality; secondary outcomes were re-interventions, hospital discharge, health-related quality-of-life (QoL) (EQ-5D), costs, Quality-Adjusted-Life-Years (QALYs), and cost-effectiveness [incremental net benefit (INB)]. At 1 year, all-cause mortality was 41.1% for the endovascular strategy group and 45.1% for the open repair group, odds ratio 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62, 1.17], P = 0.325, with similar re-intervention rates in each group. The endovascular strategy group and open repair groups had average total hospital stays of 17 and 26 days, respectively, P < 0.001. Patients surviving rupture had higher average EQ-5D utility scores in the endovascular strategy vs. open repair groups, mean differences 0.087 (95% CI 0.017, 0.158), 0.068 (95% CI -0.004, 0.140) at 3 and 12 months, respectively. There were indications that QALYs were higher and costs lower for the endovascular first strategy, combining to give an INB of £3877 (95% CI £253, £7408) or €4356 (95% CI €284, €8323). An endovascular first strategy for management of ruptured aneurysms does not offer a survival benefit over 1 year but offers patients faster discharge with better QoL and is cost-effective. ISRCTN 48334791. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology.

  18. Endovascular strategy or open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: one-year outcomes from the IMPROVE randomized trial

    PubMed Central

    Braithwaite, Bruce; Cheshire, Nicholas J.; Greenhalgh, Roger M.; Grieve, Richard; Hassan, Tajek B.; Hinchliffe, Robert; Howell, Simon; Moore, Fionna; Nicholson, Anthony A.; Soong, Chee V.; Thompson, Matt M.; Thompson, Simon G.; Ulug, Pinar; Heatley, Francine; Anjum, Aisha; Kalinowska, Gosia; Sweeting, Michael J.; Thompson, Simon G.; Gomes, Manuel; Grieve, Richard; Powell, Janet T.; Ashleigh, Ray; Gomes, Manuel; Greenhalgh, Roger M.; Grieve, Richard; Hinchliffe, Robert; Sweeting, Michael; Thompson, Matt M.; Thompson, Simon G.; Ulug, Pinar; Roberts, Ian; Bell, Peter R. F.; Cheetham, Anne; Stephany, Jenny; Warlow, Charles; Lamont, Peter; Moss, Jonathan; Tijssen, Jan; Braithwaite, Bruce; Nicholson, Anthony A.; Thompson, Matthew; Ashleigh, Ray; Thompson, Luke; Cheshire, Nicholas J.; Boyle, Jonathan R.; Serracino-Inglott, Ferdinand; Thompson, Matt M.; Hinchliffe, Robert J.; Bell, Rachel; Wilson, Noel; Bown, Matt; Dennis, Martin; Davis, Meryl; Ashleigh, Ray; Howell, Simon; Wyatt, Michael G.; Valenti, Domenico; Bachoo, Paul; Walker, Paul; MacSweeney, Shane; Davies, Jonathan N.; Rittoo, Dynesh; Parvin, Simon D.; Yusuf, Waquar; Nice, Colin; Chetter, Ian; Howard, Adam; Chong, Patrick; Bhat, Raj; McLain, David; Gordon, Andrew; Lane, Ian; Hobbs, Simon; Pillay, Woolagasen; Rowlands, Timothy; El-Tahir, Amin; Asquith, John; Cavanagh, Steve; Dubois, Luc; Forbes, Thomas L.; Ashworth, Emily; Baker, Sara; Barakat, Hashem; Brady, Claire; Brown, Joanne; Bufton, Christine; Chance, Tina; Chrisopoulou, Angela; Cockell, Marie; Croucher, Andrea; Dabee, Leela; Dewhirst, Nikki; Evans, Jo; Gibson, Andy; Gorst, Siobhan; Gough, Moira; Graves, Lynne; Griffin, Michelle; Hatfield, Josie; Hogg, Florence; Howard, Susannah; Hughes, Cían; Metcalfe, David; Lapworth, Michelle; Massey, Ian; Novick, Teresa; Owen, Gareth; Parr, Noala; Pintar, David; Spencer, Sarah; Thomson, Claire; Thunder, Orla; Wallace, Tom; Ward, Sue; Wealleans, Vera; Wilson, Lesley; Woods, Janet; Zheng, Ting

    2015-01-01

    Aims To report the longer term outcomes following either a strategy of endovascular repair first or open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, which are necessary for both patient and clinical decision-making. Methods and results This pragmatic multicentre (29 UK and 1 Canada) trial randomized 613 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ruptured aneurysm; 316 to an endovascular first strategy (if aortic morphology is suitable, open repair if not) and 297 to open repair. The principal 1-year outcome was mortality; secondary outcomes were re-interventions, hospital discharge, health-related quality-of-life (QoL) (EQ-5D), costs, Quality-Adjusted-Life-Years (QALYs), and cost-effectiveness [incremental net benefit (INB)]. At 1 year, all-cause mortality was 41.1% for the endovascular strategy group and 45.1% for the open repair group, odds ratio 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.62, 1.17], P = 0.325, with similar re-intervention rates in each group. The endovascular strategy group and open repair groups had average total hospital stays of 17 and 26 days, respectively, P < 0.001. Patients surviving rupture had higher average EQ-5D utility scores in the endovascular strategy vs. open repair groups, mean differences 0.087 (95% CI 0.017, 0.158), 0.068 (95% CI −0.004, 0.140) at 3 and 12 months, respectively. There were indications that QALYs were higher and costs lower for the endovascular first strategy, combining to give an INB of £3877 (95% CI £253, £7408) or €4356 (95% CI €284, €8323). Conclusion An endovascular first strategy for management of ruptured aneurysms does not offer a survival benefit over 1 year but offers patients faster discharge with better QoL and is cost-effective. Clinical trial registration ISRCTN 48334791. PMID:25855369

  19. Early and delayed rupture after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a 10-year multicenter registry

    PubMed Central

    Candell, Leah; Tucker, Lue-Yen; Goodney, Philip; Walker, Joy; Okuhn, Steven; Hill, Bradley; Chang, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Objective Rupture after abdominal endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a function of graft maintenance of the seal and fixation. We describe our 10-year experience with rupture after EVAR. Methods From 2000 to 2010, 1736 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) from 17 medical centers underwent EVAR in a large, regional integrated health care system. Preoperative demographic and clinical data of interest were collected and stored in our registry. We retrospectively identified patients with postoperative rupture, characterized as “early” and “delayed” rupture (≤30 days and >30 days after the initial EVAR, respectively), and identified predictors associated with delayed rupture. Results The overall follow-up rate was 92%, and the median follow-up was 2.7 years (interquartile range, 1.2–4.4 years) in these 1736 EVAR patients. We identified 20 patients with ruptures; 70% were male, the mean age was 79 years, and mean AAA size at the initial EVAR was 6.3 cm. Six patients underwent initial EVAR for rupture (n = 2) or symptomatic presentation (n = 4). Of the 20 post-EVAR ruptures, 25% (five of 20) were early, all occurring within 2 days after the initial EVAR. Of these five patients, four had intraoperative adverse events leading directly to rupture, with one type I and one type III endoleak. Of the five early ruptures, four patients underwent endovascular repair and one received repair with open surgery, resulting in two perioperative deaths. Among the remaining 15 patients, the median time from initial EVAR to rupture was 31.1 months (interquartile range, 13.8–57.3 months). Most of these delayed ruptures (10 of 15) were preceded by AAA sac increases, including three patients with known endoleaks who underwent reintervention. At the time of delayed rupture, nine of 15 patients had new endoleaks. Among all 20 patients, six patients did not undergo repair (all delayed patients) and died, nine underwent repeated EVAR, and five had open repair

  20. Early Experiences with the Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jae-Sung; Oh, Se Jin; Sung, Yong Won; Moon, Hyun Jong; Lee, Jung Sang

    2016-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to report our early experiences with the endovascular repair of ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (rDTAAs), which are a rare and life-threatening condition. Methods Among 42 patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) between October 2010 and September 2015, five patients (11.9%) suffered an rDTAA. Results The mean age was 72.4±5.1 years, and all patients were male. Hemoptysis and hemothorax were present in three (60%) and two (40%) patients, respectively. Hypovolemic shock was noted in three patients who underwent emergency operations. A hybrid operation was performed in three patients. The mean operative time was 269.8±72.3 minutes. The mean total length of aortic coverage was 186.0±49.2 mm. No 30-day mortality occurred. Stroke, delirium, and atrial fibrillation were observed in one patient each. Paraplegia did not occur. Endoleak was found in two patients (40%), one of whom underwent an early and successful reintervention. During the mean follow-up period of 16.8±14.8 months, two patients died; one cause of death was a persistent type 1 endoleak and the other cause was unknown. Conclusion TEVAR for rDTAA was associated with favorable early mortality and morbidity outcomes. However, early reintervention should be considered if persistent endoleak occurs. PMID:27064672

  1. The Effect of Perioperative Ischemia and Reperfusion on Multiorgan Dysfunction following Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Katseni, Konstantina; Kotsis, Thomas; Dafnios, Nikolaos; Arapoglou, Vassilis; Kaparos, Georgios; Logothetis, Emmanuel; Karvouni, Eleni; Katsenis, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are relatively common and are potentially life-threatening medical problems. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the effect of I/R injury on multiorgan failure following AAA repair. The PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Review, and Scopus databases were comprehensively searched for articles concerning the pathophysiology of I/R and its systemic effects. Cross-referencing was performed using the bibliographies from the articles obtained. Articles retrieved were restricted to those published in English. One of the most prominent characteristics of AAA open repair is the double physiological phenomenon of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) that happens either at the time of clamping or following the aortic clamp removal. Ischemia-reperfusion injury causes significant pathophysiological disturbances to distant organs, increasing the possibility for postoperative multiorgan failure. Although tissue injury is mediated by diverse mechanisms, microvascular dysfunction seems to be the final outcome of I/R. PMID:26798637

  2. A modified technique for Gore Excluder limb deployment in difficult iliac anatomy during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Vourliotakis, George; Katsargyris, Αthanasios; Tielliu, Ignace F J; Zeebregts, Clark J; Verhoeven, Eric L G

    2015-02-01

    Complex iliac anatomy including extreme tortuosity constitutes a relative contraindication for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with additional risk of limb-graft occlusion. The Gore Excluder limb-graft is a flexible stent-graft, which adapts easily to iliac tortuosity. Nevertheless, the presence of the stiff guide wire does not always allow for an ideal apposition of the stent graft to the angulated common iliac artery vessel wall. We describe herein a modified technique for Gore Excluder limb-graft deployment with partial removal of the stiff wire in cases with difficult tortuous or narrow iliac arteries during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  3. Long-term results of intra-arterial onyx injection for type II endoleaks following endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Ribé, L; Bicknell, C D; Gibbs, R G; Burfitt, N; Jenkins, M P; Cheshire, N; Hamady, M

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this paper is to report our experience of type II endoleak treatment after endovascular aneurysm repair with intra-arterial injection of the embolizing liquid material, Onyx liquid embolic system. Methods From 2005 to 2012, we performed a retrospective review of 600 patients, who underwent endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. During this period, 18 patients were treated with Onyx for type II endoleaks. Principal findings The source of the endoleak was the internal iliac artery in seven cases, inferior mesenteric artery in seven cases and lumbar arteries in four cases. Immediate technical success was achieved in all patients and no endoleak from the treated vessel recurred. During a mean follow-up of 19 months, no major morbidity or mortality occurred, and one-year survival was 100%. Conclusions Treatment of type II endoleaks with Onyx is safe and effective over a significant time period.

  4. Open Repair of Intact Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms in the ACS-NSQIP

    PubMed Central

    Bensley, Rodney P.; Curran, Thomas; Hurks, Rob; Lo, Ruby C.; Wyers, Mark C.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Chaikof, Elliot L.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) is uncommon. Studies using national data report mortality rates of 20% while single institution studies report 5-8% mortality. Clinical trials are currently evaluating branched and fenestrated endografts. The purpose of this study is to establish a benchmark for future comparisons with endovascular trials using open repair of TAAA in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Methods We identified all patients undergoing open surgical repair of intact TAAA (elective and emergent) in NSQIP 2005-2010 using CPT and ICD-9 codes. We analyzed demographics, comorbidities, 30-day mortality, postoperative complications, and length of stay. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify predictors of mortality. Results We identified 450 patients (418 elective, 32 emergent) that underwent open surgical repair of an intact TAAA. Mean age was 69.4 years, 60.7% were male, and 85.6% were white. Comorbidities included hypertension (87.1%), COPD (27.3%), prior stroke/TIA (16.7%), diabetes (11.6%), and peripheral vascular disease (9.6%). Thirty-day mortality was 10.0%. Pulmonary complications were the most common: failure to wean from ventilator (39.1%), pneumonia (23.1%), and reintubation (13.8%). Acute renal failure requiring dialysis occurred in 10.7% of patients. On multivariable analysis, emergent repair [OR 3.3, 95% CI (1.03-10.83), P=.04], age > 70 years [OR 3.5, 95% CI (1.03-7.56), P=.001], preoperative dialysis [OR 8.4, 95% CI (1.90-37.29), P= .005], cardiac complication [OR 2.9, 95% CI (1.05-8.21), P=.04] and renal complication [OR 8.4, 95% CI (3.41-20.56), P<.001] were predictive of mortality. Conclusions In this study of NSQIP hospitals, the first to analyze open surgical repair of TAAA, the 30-day mortality rate of 10.0% is similar to single institution reports. However, morbidity and mortality after open TAAA repair remain high confirming the need for less invasive procedures

  5. Surgical repair of a giant aneurysm of the right subclavian artery.

    PubMed

    Spinelli, Francesco; Stilo, Francesco; Benedetto, Filippo; Lentini, Salvatore

    2010-05-01

    Giant isolated subclavian aneurysm is a rare disease. We report a case of a 66-year-old lady, with a proximal intrathoracic true aneurysm of the right subclavian artery. Due to the absence of a proximal neck, and for the relevant tortuosity of the vessels, we decided to approach the aneurysm through a median sternotomy. The aneurysm was excluded and opened. Then, we performed a direct subclavian-carotid transposition. The postoperative course was uneventful.

  6. A novel suture technique for distal aorta-graft anastomosis in aortic aneurysm repair surgery: diagonal basting stitch.

    PubMed

    Cagli, Kerim; Cicek, Omer Faruk; Lafci, Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    We describe a novel suture technique of distal anastomosis between the graft and the aorta in ascending aortic aneurysm repair surgery. In this technique, the aortic graft is positioned inside the distal aortic lumen with an overlapping segment and circumferential or back wall part only diagonal basting stitches are performed without use of Teflon pledgets, strips, or bioadhesives. This new technique establishes a secure anastomosis line, shortens anastomosis time, and avoids the use of foreign materials.

  7. Are outcomes of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair different in men versus women? A propensity-matched comparison.

    PubMed

    Spiliotopoulos, Konstantinos; Price, Matt D; Amarasekara, Hiruni S; Green, Susan Y; Zhang, Qianzi; Preventza, Ourania; Coselli, Joseph S; LeMaire, Scott A

    2017-10-01

    Women fare worse than men after many cardiovascular operations, including coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery. We sought to determine whether sex affects outcomes after open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. We evaluated data on 3353 consecutive patients (1281 women, 38.2%) who underwent open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair between October 1986 and July 2015. We compared preoperative characteristics, surgical variables, and outcomes between men and women in the overall group. A propensity-matching analysis was performed to adjust for preoperative and intraoperative differences. A multivariable analysis was conducted to identify predictors of poor outcomes using relevant preoperative and intraoperative factors. Men had a significantly higher prevalence of comorbid conditions, including coronary artery disease, and presented more often with dissection; women were slightly older than men (median age, 69 [62-74] years vs 67 [57-73] years; P < .001) and more often symptomatic. Men underwent extent II and IV repairs more often, whereas women more often had extent I and III repairs. The propensity analysis resulted in 958 matched pairs. Overall, women and men had similar early mortality (7.9% vs 7.2%, P = .5) and adverse event rates (14.8% vs 14.1%, P = .6), which were similar in propensity-matched groups. Multivariable analysis showed that predictors of operative death and adverse event differed between the sexes. Survival and freedom from repair failure were similar between the overall and matched groups. Men and women who undergo thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair have similar outcomes, but there are important differences in several perioperative factors and predictors of poor outcomes. Copyright © 2017 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm leads to acute intestinal necrosis

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Xiyang; Zhao, Jichun; Huang, Bin; Yuan, Ding; Yang, Yi; Ma, Yukui

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of rupture abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is a rare emergency situation, which has a high mortality. However, the progression of ACS is rapid and the diagnosis is usually been delayed, which increase the difficulties in treatment and affect the prognosis. We describe a case of a sever complication (acute intestinal necrosis) resulting from ACS after endovascular repair of rAAA. Clinical Finding: An elderly man, 81 years old, complained a sudden lower abdominal and back pain without any predisposing cause. He had a history of hypertension for 20 years without any regular anti-hypertensive therapy. Physical Examination revealed that the blood pressure was 89/54 mmHg, pulse was 120/min, oxygen saturation was 91%. The abdominal ultrasound and the CTA (computed tomography angiography) scan revealed a rAAA. Emergency EVAR under general anesthesia was performed for this patient. Diagnosis: Fourteen hours after endovascular repair, sudden decreased of blood pressure (70/50 mmHg) and oxygen saturation (70%) was observed. ACS or bleeding of retroperitoneal space was diagnosed. Interventions: Abdominal laparotomy was immediately performed. ACS was verified and a severe complication (acute intestinal necrosis) was observed, intestinal resection was performed for this patient. Outcomes: Unfortunately, this patient died after operation because of multi-organ failure in a very short period, which is very rare regarding to this condition. Surgical pathology, diagnosis and management were discussed. Conclusion: ACS was occurred with a severe complication (acute intestinal necrosis) in a very short period, which is very rare regarding to this condition after EVAR, it reminds us the severe result of ACS and more methods to prevent it happened after surgical management. PMID:27893667

  9. Characterizing the evolution of perioperative outcomes and costs of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Salzler, Gregory G; Meltzer, Andrew J; Mao, Jialin; Isaacs, Abby; Connolly, Peter H; Schneider, Darren B; Sedrakyan, Art

    2015-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to characterize the evolution in perioperative outcomes and costs of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (EVAR) by detailing changes in adjusted outcomes and costs over time. National Inpatient Sample (2000-2011) data were used to evaluate patient characteristics, outcomes, and perioperative costs for elective EVAR performed for intact AAA. Outcomes were adjusted for patient demographics and comorbidities, and hospital factors by multivariate analysis. Costs were calculated from hospital cost to charge ratio files and adjusted to 2011 dollars. From 2000 to 2011, 185,249 patients underwent elective EVAR for intact AAA. The absolute rates of in-hospital major morbidity, mortality, and procedural costs all decreased significantly over time (P < .0001). The prevalence of major comorbidities in patients undergoing EVAR, including obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia, all increased significantly over time. After adjusting for multiple demographics, comorbidities, and hospital-level factors, recent outcomes of EVAR (2009-2011) remain superior to the early experience (2000-2002) with respect to mortality and major complications. From 2000-2011, the perioperative outcomes of EVAR improved significantly despite a higher prevalence of comorbidities among patients undergoing repair. Concurrently, procedure-associated costs declined. Advanced technology is often implicated in escalating healthcare spending, and the value of novel techniques is often questioned. These findings highlight that, in the case of EVAR, procedural outcomes have improved while the initial costs of repair have declined over time. EVAR offers an interesting example for stakeholders to consider in the era of cost-containment pressures and criticism of nascent, expensive technology in healthcare. Copyright © 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Are there fewer complications with third generation endografts in endovascular aneurysm repair?

    PubMed

    Jayia, P; Constantinou, J; Morgan-Rowe, L; Schroeder, T V; Lonn, L; Ivancev, K

    2013-02-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is widely accepted as a safe technique for treatment of aortic diseases since the concept was first pioneered by Volodos in 1986 and Parodi in 1991. Numerous registries have shown that this minimally invasive technique is associated with lower mortality when compared to open surgery in short and mid-term follow-up. The first pioneer devices had a high failure rate due to stent migration. This led to the creation of the first generation stent-grafts, which were associated with complications such as thrombosis of the limbs, graft migration and major endoleaks. The majority of these endostents are now withdrawn from the commercial market. However, these patients need lifelong surveillance because of a considerable risk of late complications. The materials used in the stent-graft vary with each manufacturer. Low porous fabric, suprarenal fixation and low profile devices led to the development of the second generation stent-grafts. The improvements with regards to the delivery systems, enabled reposition of the top-stent following deployment in some devices. The number of devices commercially available increased with the second generation. The third generation of stent-grafts, allowed treatment of complex aortic disease. Custom made solutions incorporate small openings, fenestrations for vessels involved in the aneurysmal disease and is already built in today's technology and available as CE marked devices. The device can be built with combinations of various branches and fenestrations in order to best accommodate the aortic anatomy of the patient. However, many issues remain with the development of this technology. There is a need for durable systems with less complicated deployment mechanics in order to be applied and more widespread. In conclusion, the third generation endografts in challenging anatomy has yielded encouraging results. With regards to short and midterm outcome and need for secondary interventions, evaluations shows

  11. Endovascular Repair of Complex Aortic Aneurysms: Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance with an Intracardiac Probe

    SciTech Connect

    Zanchetta, Mario Rigatelli, Gianluca; Pedon, Luigi; Zennaro, Marco; Ronsivalle, Salvatore; Maiolino, Pietro

    2003-09-15

    To assess the accuracy and efficacy of intravascular ultrasound guidance obtained by an intracardiac ultrasound probe during complex aortic endografting. Between November 1999 and July 2002, 19 patients (5 female, 14 male; mean age 73.5 {+-} 2.1 years) underwent endovascular repair of thoracic (n = 10), complex abdominal (n = 6) and concomitant thoraco-abdominal (n = 3) aortic aneurysm. The most suitable size and configuration of the stent-graft were chosen on the basis of preoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Intraoperative intravascular ultrasound imaging was obtained using a 9 Fr, 9 MHz intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) probe, 110 cm in length, inserted through a 10 Fr precurved long sheath. The endografts were deployed as planned by CTA or MRA. Before stent-graft deployment, the ICE probe allowed us to view the posterior aortic arch and descending thoraco-abdominal aorta without position-related artifacts, and to identify both sites of stent-graft positioning. After stent-graft deployment, the ICE probe allowed us to detect the need for additional modular components to internally reline the aorta in 11 patients, and to discover 2 incomplete graft expansions subsequently treated with adjunctive balloon angioplasty. In 1 patient, the ICE probe supported the decision that the patient was ineligible for the endovascular exclusion procedure. The ICE probe provides accurate information on the anatomy of the posterior aortic arch and thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms and a rapid identification of attachment sites and stent-graft pathology, allowing refinement and improvement of the endovascular strategy.

  12. Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy

    SciTech Connect

    Choke, Edward; Munneke, Graham; Morgan, Robert; Belli, Anna-Maria; Loftus, Ian; McFarland, Robert; Loosemore, Thomas; Thompson, Matthew M.

    2006-12-15

    Purpose. The principal anatomic contraindication to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVR) is an unfavorable proximal aortic neck. With increasing experience, a greater proportion of patients with unfavorable neck anatomy are being offered EVR. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes in patients with challenging proximal aortic neck anatomy. Methods. Prospectively collected data from 147 consecutive patients who underwent EVR between December 1997 and April 2005 were supplemented with a retrospective review of medical records and radiological images. Unfavorable anatomic features were defined as neck diameter >28 mm, angulation >60 deg., circumferential thrombus >50%, and length <10 mm. Eighty-seven patients with 0 adverse features (good necks) were compared with 60 patients with one or more adverse features (hostile necks). Results. Comparing the good neck with the hostile neck group, there were no significant differences in the incidence of primary technical success (p = 0.15), intraoperative adjunctive procedures (p = 0.22), early proximal type I endoleak (<30 days) (p = 1.0), late proximal type I endoleak (>30 days) (p = 0.57), distal type I endoleak (p = 0.40), type III endoleak (p 0.51), secondary interventions (p = 1.0), aneurysm sac expansion (p = 0.44), or 30 day mortality (p = 0.70). The good neck group had a significantly increased incidence of type II endoleak (p = 0.023). By multivariate analysis, the incidence of intraoperative adjunctive procedures was significantly increased in the presence of severe angulation (p = 0.041, OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.05-9.04). Conclusion. Patients with severely hostile proximal aortic neck anatomy may be treated with EVR, although severely angulated necks require additional intraoperative procedures. Early outcomes are encouraging and suggest that indications for EVR may be expanded to include patients with hostile neck anatomy.

  13. Large Diameter Limbs for Dilated Common Iliac Arteries in Endovascular Aneurysm Repair. Is It Safe?

    SciTech Connect

    Malagari, Katerina Brountzos, Elias; Gougoulakis, Alexandros; Papathanasiou, Matilda; Alexopoulou, Efthymia; Mastorakou, Renata; Kelekis, Dimitris

    2004-09-15

    In this prospective study we examined whether dilated common iliac arteries (CIAs) can provide a safe distal seal in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with the use of bifurcated stent grafts with large diameter limbs. Sixteen patients with 26 dilated CIAs with a diameter of {>=}6 mm who were offered EVAR using stent grafts with large diameter limbs were included in the study (Group A). Forty-two patients who also underwent EVAR without iliac dilatation, matched for age, sex and surgical risk were used for comparison (controls-Group B). In group A mean CIA diameter was 18.2 mm (16-28) and mean abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter was 6.87 {+-} 1.05 cm; mean age was 77.2 {+-} 4.8 yrs (67-81). Mean follow-up was 33.6 months (2.8 yrs). CIA diameter changes and development of endoleaks were assessed by CT angiography (CTA). Overall iliac dilatation was present in 16/58 of our patients (27.6%). In 10 patients dilatation was bilateral (17.3%). Partial or complete flow to the internal iliac artery (IIA) territories was preserved in all patients post-EVAR. On follow-up, stable caliber of the dilated CIAs was observed in 21 patients (84%), enlargement of 1mm in 3 (16%), and failure of the distal attachment in 1 (6.2%). Compared to the control group there was no statistical significance in the incidence of complications. Dilated common iliac arteries provide a safe distal seal in patients who have undergone EVAR, thus obviating the need for additional endovascular procedures and sparing flow in the IIA vascular bed.

  14. Endovascular aneurysm repair delivery redesign leads to quality improvement and cost reduction

    PubMed Central

    Warner, Courtney J.; Horvath, Alexander J.; Powell, Richard J.; Columbo, Jesse A.; Walsh, Teri R.; Goodney, Philip P.; Walsh, Daniel B.; Stone, David H.

    2017-01-01

    Objective Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is now a mainstay of therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, although it remains associated with significant expense. We performed a comprehensive analysis of EVAR delivery at an academic medical center to identify targets for quality improvement and cost reduction in light of impending health care reform. Methods All infrarenal EVARs performed from April 2011 to March 2012 were identified (N = 127). Procedures were included if they met standard commercial instructions for use guidelines, used a single manufacturer, and were billed to Medicare diagnosis-related group 238 (n = 49). By use of DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve, and control) quality improvement methodology (define, measure, analyze, improve, control), targets for EVAR quality improvement were identified and high-yield changes were implemented. Procedure technical costs were calculated before and after process redesign. Results Perioperative services and clinic visits were identified as targets for quality improvement efforts and cost reduction. Mean technical costs before the intervention were $31,672, with endograft implants accounting for 52%. Pricing redesign in collaboration with hospital purchasing reduced mean EVAR technical costs to $28,607, a 10% reduction in overall cost, with endograft implants now accounting for 46%. Perioperative implementation of instrument tray redesign reduced instrument use by 32% (184 vs 132 instruments), saving $50,000 annually. Unnecessary clinic visits were reduced by 39% (1.6 vs 1.1 clinic visits per patient) through implementation of a preclinic imaging protocol. There was no difference in mean length of stay after the intervention. Conclusions Comprehensive EVAR delivery redesign leads to cost reduction and waste elimination while preserving quality. Future efforts to achieve more competitive and transparent device pricing will make EVAR more cost neutral and enhance its financial sustainability for health care

  15. SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM INFECTED ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR WITH SECONDARY AORTOENTERIC FISTULA FORMATION.

    PubMed

    Dickfos, M; Garnham, K; Jenkins, J

    2017-09-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a widely accepted and used technique for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, it comes with a unique set of complications, two of the rarer being infection and aorto-enteric fistula formation. Due to the infrequency of the situation, there are currently no guidelines for their management. A 75-year-old male presented with vague abdominal pain and fevers. He was diagnosed with an infected abdominal aortic EVAR stent graft on computer tomography imaging. The stent graft was explanted and an extraanatomical bypass graft inserted. Intra-operative findings were an aorto-enteric fistula and left psoas abscess, both containing copious purulent fluid. He recovered slowly and his intra-operative samples grew Salmonella typhimurium. On review, he was found to have cultured this organism several times over a period of 14 months. It is hypothesised that his EVAR stent graft infection originated from a disseminated salmonella infection. From this case report, the following recommendations have been made. Firstly, if a patient with an EVAR develops a bacteraemia, they should receive pathogenspecific antibiotics for an appropriate length of time with regular surveillance of blood cultures until a negative culture is produced. Secondly, patients may require closer monitoring of their stent graft after a bacteraemia to allow for earlier detection of infection of the graft. Finally, explantation of infected stent grafts and the creation of an extra-anatomical bypass or an in-situ replacement may be the only method for detection of small AEFs; whose presence may change the management options for the patient. Hence, surgical management of infected EVARs and AEFs is still the current recommendation. Copyright© Authors.

  16. Multifunctional, JNK-inhibiting nanotherapeutics for augmented elastic matrix regenerative repair in aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Camardo, Andrew; Seshadri, Dhruv; Broekelmann, Tom; Mecham, Robert; Ramamurthi, Anand

    2017-09-05

    Growth of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), localized aortal wall expansions, is driven by the disruption and subsequent loss of aortal wall elastic fibers by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs). Since elastic fibers do not naturally regenerate or repair, arresting/reversing AAA growth has not been possible. Previously, we showed utility of doxycycline (DOX), an MMP inhibitor drug, to stimulate elastic matrix neoassembly and crosslinking at low microgram per milliliter doses in addition to inhibiting MMPs. We currently show in aneurysmal smooth muscle cell (SMC) cultures that effects of exogenous DOX in this dose range are linked to its upregulation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β1) via its inhibition of the regulatory protein c-Jun-N-terminal kinase 2 (JNK 2). We have identified a DOX dose range that stimulates elastogenesis and crosslinking without adversely impacting cell viability. Using JNK 2 inhibition as a metric for pro-regenerative matrix effects of DOX, we further demonstrate that sustained, steady-state release of DOX at the useful dose, from poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic glycolic acid) nanoparticles (NPs), provides pro-elastogenic and anti-proteolytic effects that could potentially be more pronounced than that of exogenous DOX. We attribute these outcomes to previously determined synergistic effects provided by cationic amphiphile groups functionalizing the polymer NP surface. Released DOX inhibited expression and phosphorylation of JNK to likely increase expression of TGF-β1, which is known to increase elastogenesis and lysyl oxidase-mediated crosslinking of elastic matrix. Our results suggest that JNK inhibition is a useful metric to assess pro-elastic matrix regenerative effects and point to the combinatorial regenerative benefits provided by DOX and cationic-functionalized NPs.

  17. Expectations and experiences of open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair patients: a mixed methods study.

    PubMed

    Tocher, Jennifer M

    2014-02-01

    To establish what patients' expectations of postoperative pain were when undergoing open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. A review of the relevant literature highlighted the fact that there had been no such studies conducted within a similar such homogenous group. Therefore, this study aimed to explore pain expectations prospectively and then compare these with the patients' actual experiences. It has long been established that high levels of satisfaction with pain management are very often reported in patients despite suffering from severe to moderate levels of pain. The reasons for these high satisfaction levels are not always as clear, although it is suggested that patients have an expectation of postoperative pain. The study set out to establish what expectations of pain patients had and the factors that might influence them within the abdominal aortic aneurysm subject group. A mixed methods approach was used. Pain expectations were gathered preoperatively using a Likert scale of pain scoring. These were then compared with the recorded postoperative pain scores. This was followed by a semi-structured interview. The study illustrated that patients expected to have postoperative pain as a natural consequence of their operations. Patients appeared to draw upon their previous experiences. Pain expectation levels were statistically significant, 60% of patients expected to have pain postoperatively. This study demonstrated that patients expect to have postoperative pain. Such expectations might influence the individual's relationship and experience of their postoperative management. The study highlights the need for nurses to evaluate the preoperative information given to patients and to listen to expectations they voice. Patient expectations of pain are sometimes that they expect to have pain, and it is the management of this pain that makes a difference to them. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Prevalence and risk factors of type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair: A meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Jichun; Ma, Yukui; Huang, Bin; Yuan, Ding; Yang, Yi; Zeng, Guojun; Xiong, Fei

    2017-01-01

    Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the current evidence on risk factors for type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Materials and methods A systematic literature search was carried out for studies that evaluated the association of demographic, co-morbidity, and other patient-determined factors with the onset of type II endoleaks. Pooled prevalence of type II endoleaks after EVAR was updated. Results Among the 504 studies screened, 45 studies with a total of 36,588 participants were included in this review. The pooled prevalence of type II endoleaks after EVAR was 22% [95% confidence interval (CI), 19%–25%]. The main factors consistently associated with type II endoleaks included age [pooled odds ratio (OR), 0.37; 95% CI, 0.31–0.43; P<0.001], smoking (pooled OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.55–0.92; P<0.001), patent inferior mesenteric artery (pooled OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.06–3.71; P = 0.012), maximum aneurysm diameter (pooled OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.17–0.30; P<0.001), and number of patent lumbar arteries (pooled OR, 3.07; 95% CI, 2.81–3.33; P<0.001). Sex, diabetes, hypertension, anticoagulants, antiplatelet, hyperlipidemia, chronic renal insufficiency, types of graft material, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) did not show any association with the onset of type II endoleaks. Conclusions Clinicians can use the identified risk factors to detect and manage patients at risk of developing type II endoleaks after EVAR. However, further studies are needed to analyze a number of potential risk factors. PMID:28182753

  19. Temporary extracorporeal axillo-iliac vascular prosthesis shunt in open repair of a pararenal aortic aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Dregelid, Einar

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION When a long aortic clamp time is expected or when upper body to lower body collateral arteries are sparse, temporary lower body perfusion may be needed to reduce ischemic injury during supraceliac clamping in open repair of pararenal aortic aneurysms. The use of conventional extracorporeal perfusion techniques carry extra risks and is not in the armamentarium of most vascular surgeons. An axillo-femoral or -iliac shunt using a vascular prosthesis does not require the same degree of anticoagulation and causes less activation of blood components. PRESENTATION OF CASE A patient, who had extensive vascular stenotic disease and large bowel ischemia, was operated on for a pararenal aortic aneurysm while the lower body was perfused via a temporary extracorporeal vascular prosthesis axillo-iliac shunt. Copious backbleeding encountered while suturing the proximal anastomosis testified to the efficacy of the temporary shunt. A left hemicolectomy had to be performed for gangrene of the sigmoid colon and he needed 2 days of respiratory support; otherwise the postoperative course was uneventful. DISCUSSION In our case more ischemic injury than that observed might have been expected without the temporary bypass but significant backbleeding may have negated some of the beneficial effect of the shunt. CONCLUSION A temporary axillo-femoral or -iliac shunt prevents lower limb ischemia and provides an ample amount of collateral blood flow to the torso. It does not need to be buried subcutaneously as previously described. Occlusive balloons should be used where possible to prevent backbleeding and to further increase available collateral blood supply. PMID:23500740

  20. Long-term results of aortic banding for complex infrarenal neck anatomy and type I endoleak after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Krajcer, Zvonimir; Dougherty, Kathryn G; Gregoric, Igor D

    2012-01-01

    For many patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, unsuitable anatomy of the infrarenal aortic neck precludes endovascular aortic aneurysm repair or causes type I endoleak after the procedure. In an attempt to overcome these challenges, we retrospectively examined the usefulness of aortic banding as an adjunctive procedure to endovascular repair in 8 patients who had an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a complex infrarenal aortic neck. The procedures were performed with the patients under general anesthesia and involved making an 8-cm upper-midline laparotomy incision to expose the aneurysmal aorta. Three patients underwent aortic banding before endovascular repair; the other 5 underwent banding after the repair because of persistent type I endoleak. After banding, the abdominal aortic aneurysm was successfully excluded in all 8 patients. Long-term follow-up (mean, 38±20 mo) revealed no type I endoleak and no procedure-related complications. In patients who have an abdominal aortic aneurysm with complex infrarenal neck anatomy or a refractory type I endoleak, performing aortic banding as an adjunctive procedure to endovascular aortic repair appears to be a safe strategy with good long-term results.

  1. Endovascular Repair of a Type III Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Occlusion of Visceral Arteries

    SciTech Connect

    Klonaris, Chris Katsargyris, Athanasios; Giannopoulos, Athanasios; Georgopoulos, Sotiris; Tsigris, Chris; Michail, Othon; Marinos, George; Bastounis, Elias

    2007-07-15

    The successful endovascular repair of a type III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) with the use of a tube endograft is reported. A 56-year-old male with a 6.4-cm type III TAAA, a 4.2-cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, and chronic renal insufficiency presented with flank pain, nausea, acute anuria, and serum creatinine of 6.1 mg/dl. Acute occlusion of the left solitary renal artery was diagnosed and emergent recanalization with percutaneus transluminal angioplasty and stenting was performed successfully, with reversal of the serum creatinine level at 1.6 mg/dl. Further imaging studies for TAAA management revealed ostial occlusion of both the celiac artery (CA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) but a hypertrophic inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) providing retrograde flow to the aforementioned vessels. This rare anatomic serendipity allowed us to repair the TAAA simply by using a two-component tube endograft without fenestrations (Zenith; William Cook, Bjaeverskov, Denmark) that covered the entire length of the aneurysm, including the CA and SMA origins, since a natural arterial bypass from the IMA to the CA and SMA already existed, affording protection from gastrointestinal ischemic complications. The patient had a fast and uneventful recovery and is currently doing well 6 months after the procedure. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature of successful endovascular repair of a TAAA involving visceral arteries with the simple use of a tube endograft.

  2. Physician modification of Gore C3 excluder endograft for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms anatomically unsuitable for conventional endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Coulter, Amy H; Tan, Tze-Woei; Zhang, Wayne W

    2014-06-01

    Until recently, the Cook Zenith aortic endograft (Cook Medical Inc, Bloomington, Ind) was the only device used for physician-modified fenestration because its constraining wire allowed physicians to reconstrain the device after modifications. Although the Cook Zenith fenestrated endograft has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, it is currently not available in the majority of the hospitals and is not applicable to the patients who need urgent or emergent aneurysm repair. With the redesign of the Gore C3 delivery system, the Gore Excluder aortic stent graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Flagstaff, Ariz) can now also be reconstrained, which makes it suitable for physician-modified fenestration. We describe the technique for modification and implantation of the Gore Excluder aortic stent graft in a patient requiring 2-vessel bilateral renal artery fenestration. This application provides an additional option for treatment of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms who are anatomically unsuitable for conventional endovascular aneurysm repair and are at high risk for open repair. Copyright © 2014 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Combined open proximal and stent-graft distal repair for distal arch aneurysms: an alternative to total debranching.

    PubMed

    Zierer, Andreas; Sanchez, Luis A; Moon, Marc R

    2009-07-01

    We present herein a novel, combined, simultaneous open proximal and stent-graft distal repair for complex distal aortic arch aneurysms involving the descending aorta. In the first surgical step, the transverse arch is opened during selective antegrade cerebral perfusion, and a Dacron graft (DuPont, Wilmington, DE) is positioned down the descending aorta in an elephant trunk-like fashion with its proximal free margin sutured circumferentially to the aorta just distal to the left subclavian or left common carotid artery. With the graft serving as the new proximal landing zone, subsequent endovascular repair is performed antegrade during rewarming through the ascending aorta.

  4. External validation of a 5-year survival prediction model after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    DeMartino, Randall R; Huang, Ying; Mandrekar, Jay; Goodney, Philip P; Oderich, Gustavo S; Kalra, Manju; Bower, Thomas C; Cronenwett, Jack L; Gloviczki, Peter

    2017-08-11

    The benefit of prophylactic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is based on the risk of rupture exceeding the risk of death from other comorbidities. The purpose of this study was to validate a 5-year survival prediction model for patients undergoing elective repair of asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm to assist in optimal selection of patients. All patients undergoing elective repair for asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm (open or endovascular) from 2002 to 2011 were identified from a single institutional database (validation group). We assessed the ability of a prior published Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) model (derivation group) to predict survival in our cohort. The model was assessed for discrimination (concordance index), calibration (calibration slope and calibration in the large), and goodness of fit (score test). The VSGNE derivation group consisted of 2367 patients (70% endovascular). Major factors associated with survival in the derivation group were age, coronary disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal function, and antiplatelet and statin medication use. Our validation group consisted of 1038 patients (59% endovascular). The validation group was slightly older (74 vs 72 years; P < .01) and had a higher proportion of men (76% vs 68%; P < .01). In addition, the derivation group had higher rates of advanced cardiac disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and baseline creatinine concentration (1.2 vs 1.1 mg/dL; P < .01). Despite slight differences in preoperative patient factors, 5-year survival was similar between validation and derivation groups (75% vs 77%; P = .33). The concordance index of the validation group was identical between derivation and validation groups at 0.659 (95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.69). Our validation calibration in the large value was 1.02 (P = .62, closer to 1 indicating better calibration), calibration slope of 0.84 (95% confidence interval, 0.71-0.97), and score test of P = .57 (>.05

  5. One-year outcomes following repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms with the multilayer flow modulator: report from the STRATO trial.

    PubMed

    Vaislic, Claude D; Fabiani, Jean Noël; Chocron, Sidney; Robin, Jacques; Costache, Victor S; Villemot, Jean-Pierre; Alsac, Jean Marc; Leprince, Pascal N; Unterseeh, Thierry; Portocarrero, Eric; Glock, Yves; Rousseau, Hervé

    2014-02-01

    To evaluate endovascular repair of type II and III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) using the Multilayer Flow Modulator (MFM) in patients with contraindications for open surgery and fenestrated stent-grafts. In this prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized trial (EudraCT registration: 2009-013678-42; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01756911), 23 patients (19 men; mean age 75.8 years) with Crawford type II (43.5%) and III (56.5%) TAAA (mean diameter 6.5 cm) were treated with the MFM between April 2010 and February 2011. The primary efficacy outcome measure was stable aneurysm thrombosis with associated branch vessel patency at 12 months; the primary safety endpoint was 30-day and 12-month all-cause mortality. The rate of technical success was 100%. In 20 patients with computed tomography scans at 12 months, the primary efficacy outcome was met in 15 patients. The rate of primary patency of covered branch vessels was 96% (53/55); 1 patient with 2 occluded visceral branches underwent successful surgical reintervention. Endoleaks were identified in 5 patients (3 attachment site and 2 at device overlap), 4 of whom underwent reintervention (3 additional MFMs and 1 stent-graft implanted). At 12 months, aneurysm diameter was stable in 18 of 20 patients; the mean ratio of residual aneurysm flow volume to total volume had decreased by 28.9%, and the mean ratio of thrombus volume to total lumen volume had increased by 21.3% (n=17). There were no cases of device migration, loss of device integrity, spinal cord ischemia, or aneurysm rupture. At 1 year, endovascular repair with the MFM appears to be safe and effective while successfully maintaining branch vessel patency. Follow-up is ongoing.

  6. Female sex independently predicts mortality after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for intact descending thoracic aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Deery, Sarah E; Shean, Katie E; Wang, Grace J; Black, James H; Upchurch, Gilbert R; Giles, Kristina A; Patel, Virendra I; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2017-07-01

    Whereas sex differences in the pathogenesis, presentation, and outcomes of repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms are well studied, less is known about sex differences after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between sex and morbidity and mortality after TEVAR. A retrospective review of all TEVARs in the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) registry from 2011 to 2015 was conducted, excluding those with dissection, trauma, and rupture. Statistical analysis was performed using the Fisher exact test and the Mann-Whitney U test for categorical and continuous variables. Multivariable logistic regression and Cox hazards modeling were used to account for differences in demographics, comorbidities, and aneurysm characteristics in 30-day mortality and long-term survival. We identified 2574 patients (40% women) who underwent TEVAR. Women were older, were less likely to be white, and had smaller aortic diameters but larger aortic size indices (aortic diameter/body surface area). Women also had more chronic obstructive pulmonary disease but less coronary artery disease and fewer coronary interventions. Women were more likely to be symptomatic at presentation and subsequently to have a nonelective procedure. Women had higher estimated blood loss >500 mL (20% vs 17%; P = .04), were more likely to be transfused (29% vs 21%; P < .001), and more frequently underwent iliac access procedures (4.3% vs 2.1%; P < .01). Operative time and left subclavian intervention were similar. Postoperatively, women had increased median hospital (5 vs 4 days; P < .001) and intensive care unit (2.5 vs 2 days; P < .001) lengths of stay and were less likely to be discharged home (75% vs 86%; P < .001). Mortality was higher for women at 30 days (5.4% vs 3.3%; P < .01) and 1 year (9.8% vs 6.3%; P < .01). After adjusting for age, aortic size index, symptoms, and comorbidities, female sex remained

  7. Current state in tracking and robotic navigation systems for application in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    de Ruiter, Quirina M B; Moll, Frans L; van Herwaarden, Joost A

    2015-01-01

    This study reviewed the current developments in manual tracking and robotic navigation technologies for application in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for studies reporting manual tracking or robotic navigation systems that are able to manipulate endovascular surgical tools during abdominal or thoracic aortic aneurysm repair. Reports were grouped by the navigation systems and categorized into phantom, animal, and clinical studies. First, the general characteristics of each system were compared. Second, target registration error and deployment error were used to compare the accuracy of the tracking systems. Third, all systems were reviewed for fluoroscopy time (FT), radiation dose, and contrast volumes, if reported, in rigid and nonrigid studies. Fourth, vascular cannulation performance of the systems was compared, studying cannulation time, Imperial College Complex Cannulation Scoring Tool score, and the number of wall hits and catheter movements within rigid studies. Of 721 articles and references found, 18 studies of four different navigation systems were included: the Aurora (Northern Digital, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada) tracking system, the StealthStation (Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) tracking system, an ultrasound localization tracking system, and the Sensei (Hansen Medical, Mountain View, Calif) steerable remote-controlled robotic navigation system. The mean tracking accuracy averaged 1 mm for the three manual tracking systems measured in a rigid environment. An increase of target registration error reaching >3 mm was reported when measured in a nonrigid experimental environment or due to external distortion factors. Except within small-animal studies or case studies, no evidence was found on reduction of clinical outcome parameters, such as FT, radiation dose, and contrast volumes, within clinical EVAR. A comparison of vascular cannulation performance in rigid studies revealed that the Sensei robotic

  8. Age stratified, perioperative, and one-year mortality after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a statewide experience.

    PubMed

    Rigberg, David A; Zingmond, David S; McGory, Marcia L; Maggard, Melinda A; Agustin, Michelle; Lawrence, Peter F; Ko, Clifford Y

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the in-hospital, 30-day, and 365-day mortality for the open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), when stratified by age, in the general population. Age stratification could provide clinicians with information more applicable to an individual patient than overall mortality figures. In a retrospective analysis, data were obtained from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) for the years 1995 to 1999. Out-of-hospital mortality was determined via linkage to the state death registry. All patients undergoing AAA repair as coded by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) procedure code 38.44 and diagnosis codes 441.4 (intact) and 441.3/441.5 (ruptured) in California were identified. Patients <50 years of age were excluded. We determined in-hospital, 30-day, and 365-day mortality, and stratified our findings by patient age. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of mortality in the intact and ruptured AAA cohorts. We identified 12,406 patients (9,778 intact, 2,628 ruptured). Mean patient age was 72.4 +/- 7.2 years (intact) and 73.9 +/- 8.2 (ruptured). Men comprised 80.9% of patients, and 90.8% of patients were white. Overall, intact AAA patient mortality was 3.8% in-hospital, 4% at 30 days, and 8.5% at 365 days. There was a steep increase in mortality with increasing age, such that 365-day mortality increased from 2.9% for patients 51 to 60 years old to 15% for patients 81 to 90 years old. Mortality from day 31 to 365 was greater than both in-hospital and 30-day mortality for all but the youngest intact AAA patients. Perioperative (in-hospital and 30-day) mortality for ruptured cases was 45%, and mortality at 1 year was 54%. There is continued mortality after the open repair of AAAs during postoperative days 31 to 365 that, for many patients, is greater than the perioperative death rate. This mortality increases dramatically with age for

  9. Life expectancy and causes of death after repair of intact and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Bastos Gonçalves, Frederico; Ultee, Klaas H J; Hoeks, Sanne E; Stolker, Robert J; Verhagen, Hence J M

    2016-03-01

    Life expectancy and causes of death after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair are not well characterized. Population aging and improved secondary prevention may have modified the prognosis of these patients. We designed a retrospective cohort study to determine the vital prognosis, causes of death, and differences in outcome after intact and ruptured AAA. All patients with AAA treated from 2003 to 2011 at a single university institution in The Netherlands were analyzed. Survival status was derived from civil registry data. Causes of death were obtained from death certificates. The primary end point was overall mortality. Secondary end points were cardiovascular, cancer-related, and AAA-related mortality. Predictors for perioperative and late survival were obtained by logistic regression and Cox regression models, respectively. The study included 619 consecutive AAA patients (12% women; mean age, 72 years), of whom 152 (24.5%) had ruptured AAAs. Endovascular repair was performed in 390 (63%). Rupture (odds ratio [OR], 10.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.80-23.5), open repair (OR, 3.59; 95% CI, 1.69-7.62), renal insufficiency (OR, 2.94; 95% CI, 1.51-3.46), and age (OR, 1.08 per year; 95% CI, 1.09-1.15) were predictors of 30-day mortality. Five-year survival expectancy was 65% for intact AAA and 41% for ruptured AAA (P < .001). Cardiovascular deaths unrelated to the AAA occurred in 35% and cancer-related deaths in 29% of deceased patients. Predictors for late mortality were history of prior malignant disease (hazard ratio, 2.83; 95% CI, 1.99-4.03) and age (hazard ratio, 1.08 per year; 95% CI, 1.05-1.10). After 30 days, only six deaths (1.1%) were AAA related. Endovascular repair reduced perioperative mortality by threefold, but no survival benefit was observed at long term. After the perioperative period, survival of ruptured AAA and intact AAA patients was not different. Deaths were distributed in similar proportions between cardiovascular and cancer

  10. Canadian experience with the pipeline embolization device for repair of unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

    PubMed

    O'Kelly, C J; Spears, J; Chow, M; Wong, J; Boulton, M; Weill, A; Willinsky, R A; Kelly, M; Marotta, T R

    2013-02-01

    Flow-diverting stents, such as the PED, have emerged as a novel means of treating complex intracranial aneurysms. This retrospective analysis of the initial Canadian experience provides insight into technical challenges, clinical and radiographic outcomes, and complication rates after the use of flow-diverting stents for unruptured aneurysms. Cases were compiled from 7 Canadian centers between July 2008 and December 2010. Each center prospectively tracked their initial experience; these data were retrospectively updated and pooled for analysis. During the defined study period, 97 cases of unruptured aneurysm were treated with the PED, with successful stent deployment in 94 cases. The overall complete or near-complete occlusion rate was 83%, with a median follow-up at 1.25 years (range 0.25-2.5 years). Progressive occlusion was witnessed over time, with complete or near-complete occlusion in 65% of aneurysms followed through 6 months, and 90% of aneurysms followed through 1 year. Multivariate analysis found previous aneurysm treatment and female sex predictive of persistent aneurysm filling. Most patients were stable or improved (88%), with the most favorable outcomes observed in patients with cavernous carotid aneurysms. The overall mortality rate was 6%. Postprocedural aneurysm hemorrhage occurred in 3 patients (3%), while ipsilateral distal territory hemorrhage was observed in 4 patients (3.4%). Flow-diverting stents represent an important tool in the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. The relative efficacy and morbidity of this treatment must be considered in the context of available alternate interventions.

  11. Automatic detection of selective arterial devices for advanced visualization during abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Lessard, Simon; Kauffmann, Claude; Pfister, Marcus; Cloutier, Guy; Thérasse, Éric; de Guise, Jacques A; Soulez, Gilles

    2015-10-01

    Here we address the automatic segmentation of endovascular devices used in the endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) that deform vascular tissues. Using this approach, the vascular structure is automatically reshaped solving the issue of misregistration observed on 2D/3D image fusion for EVAR guidance. The endovascular devices we considered are the graduated pigtail catheter (PC) used for contrast injection and the stent-graft delivery device (DD). The segmentation of the DD was enhanced using an asymmetric Frangi filter. The segmented geometries were then analysed using their specific features to remove artefacts. The radiopaque markers of the PC were enhanced using a fusion of Hessian and newly introduced gradient norm shift filters. Extensive experiments were performed using a database of images taken during 28 AAA-EVAR interventions. This dataset was divided into two parts: the first half was used to optimize parameters and the second to compile performances using optimal values obtained. The radiopaque markers of the PC were detected with a sensitivity of 88.3% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 96%. The PC can therefore be positioned with a majority of its markers localized while the artefacts were all located inside the vessel lumen. The major parts of the DD, the dilatator tip and the pusher surfaces, were detected accurately with a sensitivity of 85.9% and a PPV of 88.7%. The less visible part of the DD, the stent enclosed within the sheath, was segmented with a sensitivity of 63.4% because the radiopacity of this region is low and uneven. The centreline of the DD in this stent region was alternatively traced within a 0.74 mm mean error. The automatic segmentation of endovascular devices during EVAR is feasible and accurate; it could be useful to perform elastic registration of the vascular lumen during endovascular repair. Copyright © 2015 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Combined aortic debranching and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) effective but at a cost.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Erin H; Beck, Adam W; Clagett, G Patrick; DiMaio, J Michael; Jessen, Michael E; Arko, Frank R

    2009-03-01

    To compare hybrid repair (HR) (aortic debranching and TEVAR) with conventional open thoracoabdominal and aortic arch repairs (OR), including a cost analysis. Retrospective cohort. University hospital. Thirty patients with thoracoabdominal aneurysms were evaluated between November 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006. There were 18 HRs and 12 ORs. Aortic abnormalities included the arch, visceral aorta, and arch/visceral aorta combined. Aortic debranching with TEVAR (HR) was performed at a single setting. Dacron grafts were used for OR, and branch vessels were bypassed. Hospital costs and reimbursements were obtained from the finance department. Perioperative morbidity, mortality, and cost. Patients were significantly older in the HR group (mean [SD], 72 [8.9] vs 58 [17.4] years, P = .2). The HR group had significantly less blood loss (mean [SD], 1.7 [2.3] vs 4.8 [3.1] L, P = .004), transfusions (5.1 [5.9] vs 14.7 [7.8] units, P = .001), renal failure (0% vs 42.0%, P = .002), and pulmonary morbidity (17% vs 67%, P < .001); shorter intensive care unit stays (5.2 [4.8] vs 16.4 [12.9] days, P = .005); and shorter hospital length of stay (mean [SD], 11.6 [6.2] vs 20.8 [10.8] days, P = .01). There were no differences in mortality or spinal cord ischemia. There was no difference in mean direct hospital costs (HR: $59,435.70 vs OR: $49,341; P = .35). However, the mean cost margin per case was -34% for HR and +6.2% for OR (P = .04). Improved clinical outcomes are seen after HR despite treatment of an older, sicker patient population. However, HR ultimately comes at a significant cost to the hospital, with a 34% loss in revenue per case.

  13. CTA with fluoroscopy image fusion guidance in endovascular complex aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Sailer, A M; de Haan, M W; Peppelenbosch, A G; Jacobs, M J; Wildberger, J E; Schurink, G W H

    2014-04-01

    To evaluate the effect of intraoperative guidance by means of live fluoroscopy image fusion with computed tomography angiography (CTA) on iodinated contrast material volume, procedure time, and fluoroscopy time in endovascular thoraco-abdominal aortic repair. CTA with fluoroscopy image fusion road-mapping was prospectively evaluated in patients with complex aortic aneurysms who underwent fenestrated and/or branched endovascular repair (FEVAR/BEVAR). Total iodinated contrast material volume, overall procedure time, and fluoroscopy time were compared between the fusion group (n = 31) and case controls (n = 31). Reasons for potential fusion image inaccuracy were analyzed. Fusion imaging was feasible in all patients. Fusion image road-mapping was used for navigation and positioning of the devices and catheter guidance during access to target vessels. Iodinated contrast material volume and procedure time were significantly lower in the fusion group than in case controls (159 mL [95% CI 132-186 mL] vs. 199 mL [95% CI 170-229 mL], p = .037 and 5.2 hours [95% CI 4.5-5.9 hours] vs. 6.3 hours (95% CI 5.4-7.2 hours), p = .022). No significant differences in fluoroscopy time were observed (p = .38). Respiration-related vessel displacement, vessel elongation, and displacement by stiff devices as well as patient movement were identified as reasons for fusion image inaccuracy. Image fusion guidance provides added value in complex endovascular interventions. The technology significantly reduces iodinated contrast material dose and procedure time. Copyright © 2014 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Celiac Trunk Embolization, as a Means of Elongating Short Distal Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Necks, Prior to Endovascular Aortic Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Belenky, Alexander; Haddad, Menashe; Idov, Igor; Knizhnik, Michael; Litvin, Sergey; Bachar, Gil N.; Atar, Eli

    2009-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to report our experience in elongating short distal necks of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (DTAAs) by coil embolization of the celiac trunk prior to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). During 6 years seven patients (five men and two women; mean age, 74) who had DTAAs with short distal necks unsuitable for conventional EVAR, and well patent superior and inferior mesenteric arteries based on CT, were treated in one session with EVAR after the celiac trunk was coil embolized to elongate the neck. All patients were followed by CT every 3 months in the first year and every 6 months thereafter. Technical success was achieved in all patients, and no early or late ischemic complications were noted. No procedural complications occurred and good aneurysm sealing was obtained in all patients. Three endoleaks were identified after 3 months (one patient) and 6 months (two patients); all were treated successfully with insertion of an additional stent-graft. In patients with DTAAs who are candidates for EVAR but have short aneurysm distal necks, celiac trunk embolization-only if the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries are patent-is a good and safe way to elongate the neck and enable EVAR.

  15. Surgical repair of true left ventricular aneurysm in an infant: a rare complication after unsuccessful perventricular VSD closure.

    PubMed

    Ozyilmaz, Isa; Saygi, Murat; Yildiz, Okan; Erek, Ersin; Guzeltas, Alper

    2014-10-01

    A 2.5-month-old female patient presented for closure of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large muscular ventricular septal defect. After perventricular closure of the defect was performed with an Amplatzer muscular VSD occluder, peroperative transesophageal echocardiography revealed that the device had been implanted in the wrong area of the ventricular septum. The device was retrieved and a large mid-muscular defect with extension to the outlet septum was closed with a patch of Dacron which was secured with 5-0 sutures. A perforation in the ventricular septum due to attempted perventricular device delivery was seen, and it was repaired primarily. In the eighth month of follow-up, transthoracic echocardiography revealed an aneurysm in the posterior wall of the left ventricle. The patient's electrocardiogram showed pathological Q waves and ST-segment elevation in leads DII, DIII, and aVF consistent with subacute inferior myocardial infarction. At subsequent surgery, this was found to be a true aneurysm, located in area of distribution of the obtuse marginal branch of the left circumflex coronary artery in the posterior wall of the left ventricle. The aneurysm was closed off using a Dacron patch, and the sac was resected. Development of a true aneurysm is a rare but important complication of attempted perventricular VSD closure.

  16. Preservation of hypogastric artery blood flow during endovascular aneurysm repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with bilateral common and internal iliac artery involvement: utilization of off-the-shelf stent-graft components.

    PubMed

    Riesenman, Paul J; Ricotta, Joseph J; Veeraswamy, Ravi K

    2012-01-01

    A 72-year-old male presented with a 7.4-cm abdominal aortic aneurysm with bilateral common and internal iliac involvement. To maintain pelvic perfusion, preservation of the patient's left hypogastric artery (HA) was pursued. Two weeks after right HA embolization, endovascular repair of the patient's aneurysms was performed using a branched endograft approach. A 22-mm main body bifurcated endograft was unsheathed and the proximal covered stent was removed. The contralateral gate was preloaded with a wire and catheter. The device was resheathed and placed in the left common iliac artery. The preloaded wire in the contralateral gate was snared from the right side, establishing through-and-through femoral access. A contralateral femoral sheath was advanced up and over the aortic bifurcation from the right side into the contralateral gate of the bifurcated endograft. The repair was bridged to the left HA using a balloon-expandable stent-graft, followed by standard endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Completion angiography demonstrated exclusion of patient's aneurysms, without evidence of endoleak, and maintenance of pelvic blood flow through the left HA. The patient recovered without complication and was discharged home on postoperative day 4. This technique illustrates the technical feasibility of using a preloaded commercially available endograft to preserve HA blood flow and maintain pelvic perfusion during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Copyright © 2012 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Endovascular treatment of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: personal experience.

    PubMed

    Pozzi Mucelli, F; Doddi, M; Bruni, S; Adovasio, R; Pancrazio, F; Cova, M

    2007-04-01

    This paper describes the different endovascular treatments (cuffs, endografts and embolisation) available for types I, II and III endoleaks occurring after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). From January 2000 to June 2006, 134 patients (118 men, 16 women; mean age 75.1 years) underwent EVAR. Ten patients (7%) developed significant endoleaks requiring endovascular treatment. Five endoleaks were type I, two were type II and three were type III. Of the five type I endoleaks, four were proximal and one was distal. The proximal endoleaks were treated by cuff deployment, whereas the distal endoleak was treated with a bifurcated graft. Of the two patients with type II endoleak, one was treated by translumbar puncture and coil embolisation, and the other was treated by superselective embolisation of the lumbar feeding vessel with nonresorbable particles. Of the three patients with type III endoleak, two were treated by deploying an aortouniiliac endograft inside the bifurcated graft and the other by implanting a cuff to restore continuity between the graft body and the contralateral limb. Endovascular treatment was successful in 6/10 cases, whereas three cases required surgical conversion. One patient did not undergo surgery owing to poor general condition. The reported incidence of endoleaks after EVAR is 10%-20%. Significant endoleaks should be treated promptly. Endovascular treatment can be done with different techniques, but success in not constant due to adverse anatomical conditions and technical difficulties.

  18. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a patient with a congenital solitary pelvic kidney. A case report.

    PubMed

    Murakami, T; Makino, Y; Suto, Y; Yasuda, K

    2004-10-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is rarely associated witha congenital pelvic kidney. To date only 11 cases have been reported in the literature in which a solitary pelvic' kidney was associated in only 1 patient. Repair of thesaneurysm is technically demanding because the abnormal origin of the renal arteries presents the problem of renal ischemia duringaortic cross-clamping. We report a case of a 77-year-old man who was found to have an AAA associated with a congenital solitary pelvic kidney. An abdominal aortography dearly showed 2 aberrant renal arteries, one of which originated from the aortic wall just above the aortic bifurcation and the other from the left common iliac artery. At surgery, we found other associated anomalies including malrotation of the gut and a left undescended testis. The surgical procedure consisted of an aneurysmorrhaphy followed by a tube graft replacement with therenal arteries being left intact to the distal aortic wall or below. Renal preservation during aortic cross-clamping was achieved by direct perfusion of the upper renal artery with cold lactated Ringer's solution together with topical cooling with ice slush. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Urinary output was satisfactory and serum creatinine level remained unchanged throughout his hospital stay. The renal preservation method used in this case was simple and effective.

  19. Hospital volume of thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair does not affect mortality in California.

    PubMed

    Weiss, Anna; Anderson, Jamie A; Green, Amanda; Chang, David C; Kansal, Nikhil

    2014-01-01

    Open thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair (TAAR) is a rarely performed but a complicated and morbid procedure. This study compares the morbidity and mortality of open TAAR at high- versus low-volume hospitals. Included patients from California Office of Statewide Health Policy and Development patient discharge database who underwent an open TAAR between 1995 and 2010. High volume was ≥ 9 cases per year. Outcomes included mortality and postoperative complications. Multivariate analyses compared patients at high- versus low-volume hospitals. A total of 122 hospitals were included, with 5 designated as high volume. Adjusted analysis found no difference in the odds ratio (OR) of mortality or morbidity at high-volume hospitals compared to low-volume hospitals (OR 0.37, P = .077; OR 0.94, P = .834, respectively). However, there was a decreased OR of mortality in high- versus low-volume hospitals when a high-volume hospital was defined as each year after meeting the initial threshold of 9 cases (OR 0.40, P = .040). We found no difference in mortality between low- and high-volume institutions in California, until high-volume hospitals were defined as each year after meeting initial threshold case volume. This may suggest that the benefits of high-volume hospitals on outcomes are maintained after reaching the requisite case volume. © The Author(s) 2014.

  20. [Duplex ultrasound detection of type II endoleaks by after endovascular aneurysm repair: interest of contrast enhancement].

    PubMed

    Costa, P; Bureau Du Colombier, P; Lermusiaux, P

    2013-12-01

    Type II endoleaks (EFII) are related to retrograde flow via aorta tributaries. They are the most frequent complication after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We hypothesized that the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) by an experienced vascular physician could increase the sensitivity of detecting EFII compared with computed tomography angiography (CTA) taken as the gold standard. From November 2010 to February 2013, patients with EVAR were included prospectively. All patients had a color duplex ultrasound (CDU), CEUS and CTA. Sensitivity, specificity and kappa's coefficient were determined to estimate the performance of CDU and CEUS to assess EFII compared with CTA. Sixty CDU and 60 CEUS explorations were compared to 60 CTA explorations. Nineteen type EFII were detected by CTA, 14 by CDU and 15 by CEUS. CDU sensitivity was 74% (κ=0.75), and CEUS sensitivity was 78% (κ=0.8). Both tests exhibited 97% specificity. There was good agreement between CDU results (κ=0.75) and CEUS results (κ=0.8) compared with CTA. There was very good agreement between CDU and CEUS results for detection of EFII (κ=0.93). There was no statistically significant difference between the sensitivity of CDU and CEUS (P=0.32). Our results suggest that contrast enhancement does not increase yield for ultrasound detection of type II endoleaks when performed by an experienced vascular physician. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. [Application of evoked potentials monitoring in total thoracoabdominal aorta aneurysm repair].

    PubMed

    Duan, Y Y; Zheng, J; Pan, X D; Zhu, J M; Liu, Y M; Ge, Y P; Cheng, L J; Sun, L Z

    2016-04-05

    To evaluate the application value of evoked potentials (EP) monitoring in patients undergoing aorta-iliac bypass for total thoracoabdominal aorta aneurysm repair (tTAAAR). A prospective study, with a total of 31 patients undergoing tTAAAR and intraoperative EP monitoring from June 2014 to April 2015 was carried out. The results of intraoperative evoked potentials, clinical outcomes and follow-up data of patients were collected for further evaluation. The EP wave disappeared [motor evoked potentials for (55.6±18.1) min, somatosensory evoked potentials for (50.3±18.7) min] after proximal descending aorta being clamped, and gradually recovered after the segment arteries of spine cord were reconstructed. The EP wave was restored to normal level at the end of operation in all the cases. The somatosensory evoked potentials remained unchanged in 2 cases (false negative). One case died after operation. No spinal cord injury occurred. The median follow-up after operation was 10 months (5-14 months). There was no delayed neurological deficit. EP provided an on-line monitoring of the condition of spinal cord function, which become an intraoperative protocol to avoid the irreversible injury of spinal cord.

  2. Patient selection and perioperative outcomes are similar between targeted and nontargeted hospitals (in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program) for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Soden, Peter A; Zettervall, Sara L; Ultee, Klaas H J; Darling, Jeremy D; McCallum, John C; Hamdan, Allen D; Wyers, Mark C; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2017-02-01

    The targeted vascular module in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) consists of self-selected hospitals that choose to collect extra clinical details for better risk adjustment and improved procedure-specific outcomes. The purpose of this study was to compare patient selection and outcomes between targeted and nontargeted hospitals in the NSQIP regarding the operative management of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We identified all patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open AAA repair from 2011 to 2013 and compared cases by whether the operation took place in a targeted or nontargeted hospital. EVAR and open repair as well as intact and ruptured aneurysms were evaluated separately. Only variables contained in both modules were used to evaluate rupture status and operation type. All thoracoabdominal aneurysms were excluded. Univariate analysis was performed for intact and ruptured EVAR and open repair grouped by complexity, defined as visceral involvement in open repair and a compilation of concomitant procedures for EVAR. Multivariable models were developed to identify effect of hospital type on mortality. There were 17,651 AAA repairs identified. After exclusion of aneurysms involving the thoracic aorta (n = 352), there were 1600 open AAA repairs at targeted hospitals (21% ruptured) and 2725 at nontargeted hospitals (19% ruptured) and 4986 EVARs performed at targeted hospitals (6.7% ruptured) and 7988 at nontargeted hospitals (5.2% ruptured). There was no significant difference in 30-day mortality rates between targeted and nontargeted hospitals for intact aneurysms (EVAR noncomplex, 1.8% vs 1.4% [P = .07]; open repair noncomplex, 4.2% vs 4.5% [P = .7]; EVAR complex, 5.0% vs 3.2% [P = .3]; open repair complex, 8.0% vs 6.0% [P = .2]). For ruptured aneurysms, again there was no difference in mortality between the targeted and nontargeted hospitals (EVAR noncomplex, 23% vs 25% [P = .4

  3. Blood flow dynamic improvement with aneurysm repair detected by a patient-specific model of multiple aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Sughimoto, Koichi; Takahara, Yoshiharu; Mogi, Kenji; Yamazaki, Kenji; Tsubota, Ken'ichi; Liang, Fuyou; Liu, Hao

    2014-05-01

    Aortic aneurysms may cause the turbulence of blood flow and result in the energy loss of the blood flow, while grafting of the dilated aorta may ameliorate these hemodynamic disturbances, contributing to the alleviation of the energy efficiency of blood flow delivery. However, evaluating of the energy efficiency of blood flow in an aortic aneurysm has been technically difficult to estimate and not comprehensively understood yet. We devised a multiscale computational biomechanical model, introducing novel flow indices, to investigate a single male patient with multiple aortic aneurysms. Preoperative levels of wall shear stress and oscillatory shear index (OSI) were elevated but declined after staged grafting procedures: OSI decreased from 0.280 to 0.257 (first operation) and 0.221 (second operation). Graftings may strategically counter the loss of efficient blood delivery to improve hemodynamics of the aorta. The energy efficiency of blood flow also improved postoperatively. Novel indices of pulsatile pressure index (PPI) and pulsatile energy loss index (PELI) were evaluated to characterize and quantify energy loss of pulsatile blood flow. Mean PPI decreased from 0.445 to 0.423 (first operation) and 0.359 (second operation), respectively; while the preoperative PELI of 0.986 dropped to 0.820 and 0.831. Graftings contributed not only to ameliorate wall shear stress or oscillatory shear index but also to improve efficient blood flow. This patient-specific modeling will help in analyzing the mechanism of aortic aneurysm formation and may play an important role in quantifying the energy efficiency or loss in blood delivery.

  4. Benchtop quantification of gutter formation and compression of chimney stent grafts in relation to renal flow in chimney endovascular aneurysm repair and endovascular aneurysm sealing configurations.

    PubMed

    Boersen, Johannes T; Donselaar, Esme J; Groot Jebbink, Erik; Starreveld, Roeliene; Overeem, Simon P; Slump, Cornelis H; de Vries, Jean-Paul P M; Reijnen, Michel M P J

    2016-12-14

    The chimney technique has been successfully used to treat juxtarenal aortic aneurysms. The two main issues with this technique are gutter formation and chimney graft (CG) compression, which induce a risk for type Ia endoleaks and stent thrombosis, respectively. In this benchtop study, the geometry and renal artery flow of chimney endovascular aneurysm repair configurations were compared with chimney configurations with endovascular aneurysm sealing (ch-EVAS). Seven flow phantoms were constructed, including one control and six chimney endovascular aneurysm repairs (Endurant [Medtronic Inc, Minneapolis, Minn] and AFX [Endologix Inc, Irvine, Calif]) or ch-EVAS (Nellix, Endologix) configurations, combined with either balloon-expandable or self-expanding CGs with an intended higher positioning of the right CG in comparison to the left CG. Geometric analysis was based on measurements at three-dimensional computed tomography angiography and included gutter volume and CG compression, quantified by the ratio between maximal and minimal diameter (D-ratio). In addition, renal artery flow was studied in a physiologic flow model and compared with the control. The average gutter volume was 343.5 ± 142.0 mm(3), with the lowest gutter volume in the EVAS-Viabahn (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) combination (102.6 mm(3)) and the largest in the AFX-Advanta V12 (Atrium Medical Corporation, Hudson, NH) configuration (559.6 mm(3)). The maximum D-ratio was larger in self-expanding CGs than in balloon-expandable CGs in all configurations (2.02 ± 0.34 vs 1.39 ± 0.13). The CG compression had minimal influence on renal volumetric flow (right, 390.7 ± 29.4 mL/min vs 455.1 mL/min; left, 423.9 ± 28.3 mL/min vs 410.0 mL/min in the control). This study showed that gutter volume was lowest in ch-EVAS in combination with a Viabahn CG. CG compression was lower in configurations with the Advanta V12 than with Viabahn. Renal flow is unrestricted by CG compression

  5. Sutureless surgical techniques for arch aneurysm repair in a patient with Behçet's disease.

    PubMed

    Uchida, Naomichi; Takasaki, Taiichi; Takahashi, Shinya; Sueda, Taijiro

    2014-01-01

    In patients with vasculo-Behçet's disease, endovascular stent graft is a reasonable treatment from the viewpoint of prevention of an anastomotic pseudo-aneurysm. We report a case of total arch replacement combined with open stent grafting technique to the downstream aorta and graft inclusion into sino-tubular junction as sutureless surgical techniques for an arch aneurysm in a 42-year-old woman with Behçet's disease. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) showed that the aortic aneurysm had completely disappeared in 11 months after the operation. Open stent grafting technique was effective to prevent anastomotic pseudo-aneurysm formation.

  6. Analysis of effects of fixation type on renal function after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Kouvelos, George N; Boletis, Ioannis; Papa, Nektario; Kallinteri, Amalia; Peroulis, Michalis; Matsagkas, Miltiadis I

    2013-06-01

    To report a prospective nonrandomized study comparing the effects of suprarenal (SR) vs. infrarenal (IR) stent-graft fixation on renal function in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Patients with AAA undergoing elective EVAR between June 2008 and June 2010 were eligible for the comparative study of fixation method on renal function. Patients with impaired renal function [estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) <30 mL/min] or a history of renal impairment were not eligible. Renal function was assessed by measuring serum creatinine (SCr) and total proteins and microalbumin in the urine preoperatively, on postoperative day 1, and at 1, 6, and 12 months. The eCrCl was calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula. A standard preoperative hydration protocol was followed in all patients, and stent-graft choice was at the operator's discretion. Of 116 patients undergoing elective EVAR in the study period, 16 were ineligible, leaving 100 patients (95 men; median age 74 years) enrolled in the study (49 SR and 51 IR). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in the prevalence of any risk factor, the baseline SCr and eCrCl values, contrast usage, or procedure duration. At the postoperative measurement, there was no significant deterioration of renal function in either group, although total urinary proteins increased significantly in both groups (IR p=0.01, SR p<0.001). At the 12-month follow-up, patients in the IR group had no significant alteration in any marker vs. baseline, while patients in the SR group had significant alterations in SCr (p=0.001), eCrCl (p<0.001), and microalbumin (p=0.04) in urine. The number of patients with a >20% decrease in eCrCl was not significantly different between the groups. No patient had an adverse renal event. Deterioration in renal function was observed 12 months after EVAR in patients receiving a stent-graft with suprarenal fixation, even though this did

  7. Effect of β-blocker on aneurysm sac behavior after endovascular abdominal aortic repair.

    PubMed

    Kim, Wonho; Gandhi, Ripal T; Peña, Constantino S; Herrera, Raul E; Schernthaner, Melanie B; Tsoukas, Athanassios; Acuña, Juan M; Katzen, Barry T

    2017-02-01

    This study was conducted to determine whether β-blocker (BB) therapy is associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac regression after endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR). A total of 198 patients (mean age, 76 years) who underwent EVAR were analyzed (104 in the BB group and 94 in the non-BB group). The primary end point was the incidence of AAA sac regression at 1 and 2 years. Hypertension, coronary artery disease, and hyperlipidemia were more common in the BB group. The BB group was also more likely to have been prescribed an aspirin and a statin than the non-BB group. The length of proximal neck was significantly longer in the non-BB group than in the BB group. All study patients were monitored for at least 1 year after EVAR, and 2-year follow-up was available in 104 patients (52.5%). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of aneurysm sac regression in either group at 1 year (52.1% in the non-BB group vs 45.2% in the BB group; P = .330) and 2 years (58.5% in the non-BB group vs 64.7% in the BB group; P = .515). The difference of the change of AAA maximum diameter between two groups did not reach statistical significance at 1 year (-6.0 ± 7.0 mm in the non-BB group vs -5.5 ± 8.1 mm in the BB group; P = .644) and 2 years (-9.0 ± 10.5 mm in the non-BB group vs -9.0 ± 10.0 mm in the BB group; P = .977). BB therapy was not associated with increased odds of AAA sac regression. The effect of third-generation BBs on AAA sac regression was not significant. BB therapy had no effect on AAA sac regression. At the present time, there is insufficient evidence to recommend BB therapy for the purpose of AAA sac regression. Copyright © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Repair of a large main pulmonary artery aneurysm in a 71-year-old Jehovah's Witness patient.

    PubMed

    Henn, Lucas W; Esmailian, Fardad

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rarely reported and poorly studied entity; most mentions in the literature are in case series and case reports. Cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witness patients is occurring more frequently because of improved techniques of blood conservation. We report the repair of a large pulmonary artery aneurysm in a 71-year-old woman who was a Jehovah's Witness. Using total cardiopulmonary bypass, we replaced the main pulmonary artery and both branches with Gelweave tube-grafts, because the fragility of a homograft presented possible bleeding problems. The patient recovered rapidly, and her symptoms were greatly improved. We think that a patient's status as a Jehovah's Witness need not preclude potentially life-saving cardiac operations.

  9. Repair of a Large Main Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm in a 71-Year-Old Jehovah's Witness Patient

    PubMed Central

    Henn, Lucas W.; Esmailian, Fardad

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rarely reported and poorly studied entity; most mentions in the literature are in case series and case reports. Cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witness patients is occurring more frequently because of improved techniques of blood conservation. We report the repair of a large pulmonary artery aneurysm in a 71-year-old woman who was a Jehovah's Witness. Using total cardiopulmonary bypass, we replaced the main pulmonary artery and both branches with Gelweave tube-grafts, because the fragility of a homograft presented possible bleeding problems. The patient recovered rapidly, and her symptoms were greatly improved. We think that a patient's status as a Jehovah's Witness need not preclude potentially life-saving cardiac operations. PMID:23914038

  10. Single-Stage Repair of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm through a Median Sternotomy in a Patient with Pseudocoarctation of the Aorta and Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis.

    PubMed

    Yamane, Yoshitaka; Morimoto, Hironobu; Mukai, Shogo

    2015-01-01

    Pseudocoarctation of the aorta is a rare anomaly and considered a benign condition. Pseudocoarctation of the aorta has been associated with aneurysm formation in the thoracic aorta, which may cause sudden rupture or dissection. Thus, the presence of an aneurysm in combination with pseudocoarctation of the aorta is thought to be an indication for surgery. We present a case of pseudocoarctation of the aorta associated with thoracic aortic aneurysm and severe aortic valve stenosis with a bicuspid aortic valve. In our case, single-stage repair was performed through a median sternotomy using our "pleural-window approach."

  11. Open fenestration of the distal landing zone via a subxyphoid incision for subsequent endovascular repair of a dissecting thoracic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Konings, Renske; de Bruin, Jorg L; Wisselink, Willem

    2013-02-01

    To describe a novel hybrid technique to address two challenges in endovascular repair of chronic dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm (dTAA): obtaining an adequate seal of the stent-graft in a half-moon-shaped fibrotic aortic lumen and preserving flow into the distal true and false lumens. The technique is demonstrated in a 52-year-old man who presented with progressive asymptomatic dilatation of the thoracic aorta 9 years after undergoing a Bentall procedure for a Stanford type A dissection followed by arch replacement and elephant trunk construction. Imaging at this admission showed a 6.8-cm dissecting aneurysm extending distally to ∼4 cm above the celiac trunk; the dissection included both common iliac arteries. The patient refused a thoracotomy, so a hybrid procedure was devised to resect the intimal flap via a median subxyphoid incision and transperitoneal approach through the lesser sac. Two overlapping Zenith TX-2 stent-grafts were deployed into the elephant trunk, terminating just above the surgically created "flow divider" at the level of the celiac trunk. Imaging showed adequate sealing at both ends of the stent-graft and a type II endoleak that persisted into follow-up, but the aneurysm diameter decreased to 6.4 cm, and there was unobstructed flow into the visceral, renal, and iliac arteries. In this case of chronic dTAA, open surgical removal of a segment of the dissection flap via a subxyphoid incision provided a distal landing zone for subsequent endoluminal repair, with exclusion of the aneurysm and preservation of antegrade flow in both true and false lumens.

  12. Endovascular repair of multiple infrageniculate aneurysms in a patient with vascular type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

    PubMed

    Domenick, Natalie; Cho, Jae S; Abu Hamad, Ghassan; Makaroun, Michel S; Chaer, Rabih A

    2011-09-01

    Patients with vascular type Ehler-Danlos syndrome can develop aneurysms in unusual locations. We describe the case of a 33-year-old woman with vascular type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome who developed metachronous tibial artery aneurysms that were sequentially treated with endovascular means.

  13. Effects of postimplantation systemic inflammatory response on long-term clinical outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Hyunwook; Ko, Gi-Young; Kim, Min-Ju; Han, Youngjin; Noh, Minsu; Kwon, Tae-Won; Cho, Yong-Pil

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the association between postimplantation syndrome (PIS) and long-term clinical outcomes after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. In this single-center, observational cohort study, a total of 204 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR were included. Primary outcome was long-term mortality from any cause; secondary outcomes included long-term mortality, systemic or implant-related complications, and secondary therapeutic procedures. The diagnosis of PIS was established in 64 patients (31.4%). PIS patients were more likely to receive woven polyester endografts and have a longer postoperative hospital stay and lower incidence of type II endoleaks. In multivariate analysis, PIS was significantly associated with a decreased risk of developing type II endoleaks (P = 0.044). During follow-up period of 44 months, clinical outcomes showed no significant differences in mortality (P = 0.876), systemic (P = 0.668), or implant-related complications (P = 0.847), although rates of secondary therapeutic procedure were significantly higher in non-PIS patients (P = 0.037). The groups had similar rates of overall survival (P = 0.761) and other clinical outcomes (P = 0.562). Patients with and without PIS had similar long-term overall survival rates and other clinical outcomes. PIS was beneficial in preventing type II endoleaks during postoperative period. PMID:27512875

  14. Endovascular or open repair strategy for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: 30 day outcomes from IMPROVE randomised trial.

    PubMed

    Powell, Janet T; Sweeting, Michael J; Thompson, Matthew M; Ashleigh, Ray; Bell, Rachel; Gomes, Manuel; Greenhalgh, Roger M; Grieve, Richard; Heatley, Francine; Hinchliffe, Robert J; Thompson, Simon G; Ulug, Pinar

    2014-01-13

    To assess whether a strategy of endovascular repair (if aortic morphology is suitable, open repair if not) versus open repair reduces early mortality for patients with suspected ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Randomised controlled trial. 30 vascular centres (29 UK, 1 Canadian), 2009-13. 613 eligible patients (480 men) with a clinical diagnosis of ruptured aneurysm. 316 patients were randomised to the endovascular strategy (275 confirmed ruptures, 174 anatomically suitable for endovascular repair) and 297 to open repair (261 confirmed ruptures). 30 day mortality, with 24 hour and in-hospital mortality, costs, and time and place of discharge as secondary outcomes. 30 day mortality was 35.4% (112/316) in the endovascular strategy group and 37.4% (111/297) in the open repair group: odds ratio 0.92 (95% confidence interval 0.66 to 1.28; P=0.62); odds ratio after adjustment for age, sex, and Hardman index 0.94 (0.67 to 1.33). Women may benefit more than men (interaction test P=0.02) from the endovascular strategy: odds ratio 0.44 (0.22 to 0.91) versus 1.18 (0.80 to 1.75). 30 day mortality for patients with confirmed rupture was 36.4% (100/275) in the endovascular strategy group and 40.6% (106/261) in the open repair group (P=0.31). More patients in the endovascular strategy than in the open repair group were discharged directly to home (189/201 (94%) v 141/183 (77%); P<0.001). Average 30 day costs were similar between the randomised groups, with an incremental cost saving for the endovascular strategy versus open repair of £1186 (€1420; $1939) (95% confidence interval -£625 to £2997). A strategy of endovascular repair was not associated with significant reduction in either 30 day mortality or cost. Longer term cost effectiveness evaluations are needed to assess the full effects of the endovascular strategy in both men and women. Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN48334791.

  15. Endovascular repair of a ruptured subclavian artery aneurysm in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome using a sandwich technique.

    PubMed

    Desai, Sapan S; Codreanu, Maria; Charlton-Ouw, Kristofer M; Safi, Hazim; Azizzadeh, Ali

    2014-10-01

    We present the case of a type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome patient with a ruptured right subclavian artery aneurysm and associated arteriovenous fistula who underwent successful endovascular repair requiring simultaneous stent graft repair of the innominate artery using a sandwich technique. A 17-year-old man with known type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome developed right neck and shoulder swelling. CTA study demonstrated a 17 × 13-cm ruptured subclavian artery aneurysm with an associated internal jugular vein arteriovenous fistula. In the hybrid suite, a 7 mm × 15-cm stent graft (Viabahn, WL Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) was advanced from the right brachial approach into the innominate artery. A separate wire was placed into the right carotid artery via the right femoral approach (7 Fr), and a 7 mm × 10-cm stent graft (Viabahn) was advanced into the innominate artery. An additional 8 mm × 10-cm stent graft (Viabahn) was placed from the right brachial approach to obtain a distal-landing zone in the axillary artery. Complex vascular anatomy, in which graft seal creation may be challenging, does not exclude endovascular approaches as the sandwich technique can be utilized as a suitable alternative to open repair.

  16. Seventeen Years’ Experience of Late Open Surgical Conversion after Failed Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair with 13 Variant Devices

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Ziheng; Xu, Liang; Qu, Lefeng; Raithel, Dieter

    2015-02-15

    PurposeTo investigate the causes and results of late open surgical conversion (LOSC) after failed abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to summarize our 17 years’ experience with 13 various endografts.MethodsRetrospective data from August 1994 to January 2011 were analyzed at our center. The various devices’ implant time, the types of devices, the rates and causes of LOSC, and the procedures and results of LOSC were analyzed and evaluated.ResultsA total of 1729 endovascular aneurysm repairs were performed in our single center (Nuremberg South Hospital) with 13 various devices within 17 years. The median follow-up period was 51 months (range 9–119 months). Among them, 77 patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms received LOSC. The LOSC rate was 4.5 % (77 of 1729). The LOSC rates were significantly different before and after January 2002 (p < 0.001). The reasons of LOSC were mainly large type I endoleaks (n = 51) that were hard to repair by endovascular techniques. For the LOSC procedure, 71 cases were elective and 6 were emergent. The perioperative mortality was 5.2 % (4 of 77): 1 was elective (due to septic shock) and 3 were urgent (due to hemorrhagic shock).ConclusionLarge type I endoleaks were the main reasons for LOSC. The improvement of devices and operators’ experience may decrease the LOSC rate. Urgent LOSC resulted in a high mortality rate, while selective LOSC was relatively safe with significantly lower mortality rate. Early intervention, full preparation, and timely LOSC are important for patients who require LOSC.

  17. Classification of gutter type in parallel stenting during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Overeem, Simon P; Boersen, Johannes T; Schuurmann, Richte C L; Groot Jebbink, Erik; Slump, Cornelis H; Reijnen, Michel M P J; de Vries, Jean-Paul P M

    2017-08-01

    Gutters can be described as the loss of continuous apposition between the main body of the endograft, the chimney stent graft, and the aortic wall. Gutters have been associated with increased risk of type IA endoleaks and are considered to be the Achilles' heel of chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR). However, there is no classification yet to classify and quantify gutter types after ch-EVAR. Different gutter types can be distinguished by their morphologic appearance in two- and three-dimensional views and reconstructed slices perpendicular to the center lumen line. Three main categories are defined by (1) the most proximal beginning of the gutter, (2) the length of gutter alongside the endograft, and (3) its distal end. Type A gutters originate at the proximal fabric of an endograft, type B gutters originate as loss of apposition of the chimney stent graft in the branch vessel, and type C gutters start below the fabric of the endograft. To determine eventual changes of gutter size during follow-up computed tomography angiograms (CTAs), measurements may be performed with dedicated software on the follow-up CTA scan to assess the extent of gutters over the aortic circumference, ranging from 0° to 360° of freedom, together with the maximum gap between the endograft material and the aortic wall as it appears on reconstructed axial CTA scan slices. The proposed gutter classification enables a uniform nomenclature in the current ch-EVAR literature and a more accurate risk assessment of gutter-associated endoleaks. Moreover, it allows monitoring of eventual progression of gutter size during follow-up. Copyright © 2016 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. A Systematic Review of Proximal Neck Dilatation After Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Kouvelos, George N; Oikonomou, Kyriakos; Antoniou, George A; Verhoeven, Eric L G; Katsargyris, Athanasios

    2017-02-01

    To provide an updated systematic literature review and summarize current evidence on proximal aortic neck dilatation (AND) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A review of the English-language medical literature from 1991 to 2015 was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify studies reporting AND after EVAR. Studies considered for inclusion and full-text review fulfilled the following criteria: (1) reported AND after EVAR, (2) included at least 5 patients, and (3) provided data on AND quantification. The search identified 26 articles published between 1998 and 2015 that encompassed 9721 patients (median age 71.8 years; 9439 men). AND occurred in 24.6% of patients (95% CI 18.6% to 31.8%) over a period ranging from 15 months to 9 years after EVAR. No significant dilatation of the suprarenal part of the aorta was reported by most studies. The incidence of combined clinical events (endoleak type I, migration, reintervention during follow-up) was higher in the AND group (26%) when compared with 2% in the group without AND (OR 28.7, 95% CI 5.43 to 151.67, p<0.001). AND affects a considerable proportion of EVAR patients and was related to worse clinical outcome, as indicated by increased rates of type I endoleak, migration, and reinterventions. Future studies should focus on a better understanding of the pathophysiology, predictors, and risk factors of AND, which could identify patients who may warrant a different EVAR strategy and/or a closer post-EVAR surveillance strategy.

  19. Fitness plus American Society of Anesthesiologists grade improve outcome prediction after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Boult, Margaret; Cowled, Prue; Barnes, Mary; Fitridge, Robert A

    2017-09-01

    Although the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade was established for statistical purposes, it is often used prognostically. However, older patients undergoing elective surgery are typically ASA III, which limits patient stratification. We look at the prognostic effect on early complications and survival of using ASA and self-reported physical fitness to stratify patients undergoing endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Data were extracted from a trial database. All patients were assigned a fitness level (A (fit) or B (unfit)) based on their self-reported ability to walk briskly for 1 km or climb two flights of stairs. Fitness was used to stratify ASA III patients, with fitter patients assigned ASA IIIA and less fit patients ASA IIIB. Outcomes assessed included survival, reinterventions, endoleak, all early and late complications and early operative complications. A combined ASA/fitness scale (II, IIIA, IIIB and IV) correlated with 1- and 3-year survival (1-year P = 0.001, 3-year P = 0.001) and early and late complications (P = 0.001 and P = 0.05). On its own, ASA predicted early complications (P = 0.0004) and survival (1-year P = 0.01, 3-year P = 0.01). Fitness alone was predictive for survival (1-year P = 0.001, 3-year P = 0.001) and late complications (P = 0.009). This study shows that even a superficial assessment of fitness is reflected in surgical outcomes, with fitter ASA III patients showing survival patterns similar to ASA II patients. Physicians should be alert to differences in fitness between patients in the ASA III group, despite similarities based on preexisting severe systemic disease. © 2017 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  20. The financial implications of endovascular aneurysm repair in the cost containment era

    PubMed Central

    Stone, David H.; Horvath, Alexander J.; Goodney, Philip P.; Rzucidlo, Eva M.; Nolan, Brian W.; Walsh, Daniel B.; Zwolak, Robert M.; Powell, Richard J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with significant direct device costs. Such costs place EVAR at odds with efforts to constrain healthcare expenditures. This study examines the procedure-associated costs and operating margins associated with EVAR at a tertiary care academic medical center. Methods All infrarenal EVARs performed from April 2011 to March 2012 were identified (n = 127). Among this cohort, 49 patients met standard commercial instruction for use guidelines, were treated using a single manufacturer device, and billed to Medicare diagnosis-related group (DRG) 238. Of these 49 patients, net technical operating margins (technical revenue minus technical cost) were calculated in conjunction with the hospital finance department. EVAR implant costs were determined for each procedure. DRG 238-associated costs and length of stay were benchmarked against other academic medical centers using University Health System Consortium 2012 data. Results Among the studied EVAR cohort (age 75, 82% male, mean length of stay, 1.7 days), mean technical costs totaled $31,672. Graft implants accounted for 52% of the allocated technical costs. Institutional overhead was 17% ($5495) of total technical costs. Net mean total technical EVAR-associated operating margins were —$4015 per procedure. Our institutional costs and length of stay, when benchmarked against comparable centers, remained in the lowest quartile nationally using University Health System Consortium costs for DRG 238. Stent graft price did not correlate with total EVAR. market share. Conclusions EVAR is currently associated with significant negative operating margins among Medicare beneficiaries. Currently, device costs account for over 50% of EVAR-associated technical costs and did not impact EVAR market share, reflecting an unawareness of cost differential among surgeons. These data indicate that EVAR must undergo dramatic care delivery redesign for this practice to remain sustainable

  1. Visceral and Renal Artery Complications of Suprarenal Fixation during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Choke, Edward; Munneke, Graham; Morgan, Robert; Belli, Anna-Maria; Dawson, Joseph; Loftus, Ian M.; McFarland, Robert; Loosemore, Thomas; Thompson, Matthew M.

    2007-07-15

    Background. The effect of suprarenal fixation of endovascular grafts on renal and visceral artery function remains undefined. This study aimed to determine renal and visceral artery complications following suprarenal fixation during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVR). Methods. Prospectively collected data from 112 patients who received suprarenal fixation (group SF) and 36 patients who received infrarenal fixation (group IF) in a single institution from December 1997 to April 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. Median follow-up was 26 months (range 0.1-101 months). Results. Stent struts extended to or above the level of 106 (94.6%) right renal arteries, 104 (92.9%) left renal arteries, 49 (43.8%) superior mesenteric arteries (SMA), and 7 (6.3%) celiac arteries in group SF. This group had 2 (1.8%) unintentional main renal artery occlusions, of which 1 was successfully treated at the first procedure with a renal stent. There was 1 (0.9%) SMA occlusion which resulted in bowel infarction and death. Group IF had no renal or visceral artery complications. There were no late-onset occlusions or infarcts. There was no significant difference in median serum creatinine between groups SF and IF at 1 month (p = 0.18) and 6 months to 12 months (p 0.22) follow-up. The change in serum creatinine over time was also not significantly different within each group (SF, p = 0.09; IF, p 0.38). Conclusions. In this study, suprarenal fixation was associated with a very small incidence of immediate renal and visceral artery occlusion. There did not appear to be any medium-term sequelae of suprarenal fixation.

  2. Computational fluid dynamics evaluation of the cross-limb stent graft configuration for endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Shek, Tina L T; Tse, Leonard W; Nabovati, Aydin; Amon, Cristina H

    2012-12-01

    The technique of crossing the limbs of bifurcated modular stent grafts for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is often employed in the face of splayed aortic bifurcations to facilitate cannulation and prevent device kinking. However, little has been reported about the implications of cross-limb EVAR, especially in comparison to conventional EVAR. Previous computational fluid dynamics studies of conventional EVAR grafts have mostly utilized simplified planar stent graft geometries. We herein examined the differences between conventional and cross-limb EVAR by comparing their hemodynamic flow fields (i.e., in the "direct" and "cross" configurations, respectively). We also added a "planar" configuration, which is commonly found in the literature, to identify how well this configuration compares to out-of-plane stent graft configurations from a hemodynamic perspective. A representative patient's cross-limb stent graft geometry was segmented using computed tomography imaging in Mimics software. The cross-limb graft geometry was used to build its direct and planar counterparts in SolidWorks. Physiologic velocity and mass flow boundary conditions and blood properties were implemented for steady-state and pulsatile transient simulations in ANSYS CFX. Displacement forces, wall shear stress (WSS), and oscillatory shear index (OSI) were all comparable between the direct and cross configurations, whereas the planar geometry yielded very different predictions of hemodynamics compared to the out-of-plane stent graft configurations, particularly for displacement forces. This single-patient study suggests that the short-term hemodynamics involved in crossing the limbs is as safe as conventional EVAR. Higher helicity and improved WSS distribution of the cross-limb configuration suggest improved flow-related thrombosis resistance in the short term. However, there may be long-term fatigue implications to stent graft use in the cross configuration when compared to the direct

  3. The financial implications of endovascular aneurysm repair in the cost containment era.

    PubMed

    Stone, David H; Horvath, Alexander J; Goodney, Philip P; Rzucidlo, Eva M; Nolan, Brian W; Walsh, Daniel B; Zwolak, Robert M; Powell, Richard J

    2014-02-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with significant direct device costs. Such costs place EVAR at odds with efforts to constrain healthcare expenditures. This study examines the procedure-associated costs and operating margins associated with EVAR at a tertiary care academic medical center. All infrarenal EVARs performed from April 2011 to March 2012 were identified (n = 127). Among this cohort, 49 patients met standard commercial instruction for use guidelines, were treated using a single manufacturer device, and billed to Medicare diagnosis-related group (DRG) 238. Of these 49 patients, net technical operating margins (technical revenue minus technical cost) were calculated in conjunction with the hospital finance department. EVAR implant costs were determined for each procedure. DRG 238-associated costs and length of stay were benchmarked against other academic medical centers using University Health System Consortium 2012 data. Among the studied EVAR cohort (age 75, 82% male, mean length of stay, 1.7 days), mean technical costs totaled $31,672. Graft implants accounted for 52% of the allocated technical costs. Institutional overhead was 17% ($5495) of total technical costs. Net mean total technical EVAR-associated operating margins were -$4015 per procedure. Our institutional costs and length of stay, when benchmarked against comparable centers, remained in the lowest quartile nationally using University Health System Consortium costs for DRG 238. Stent graft price did not correlate with total EVAR market share. EVAR is currently associated with significant negative operating margins among Medicare beneficiaries. Currently, device costs account for over 50% of EVAR-associated technical costs and did not impact EVAR market share, reflecting an unawareness of cost differential among surgeons. These data indicate that EVAR must undergo dramatic care delivery redesign for this practice to remain sustainable. Copyright © 2014 Society for Vascular

  4. Successful use of talc sclerodesis to control a persistent high-output groin seroma following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Metcalfe, David; Sinha, Sidhartha; Sadek, Norah; Ho, Andrew L; Karthikesalingam, Alan; Jones, Keith G; Hinchliffe, Robert J; Thompson, Matt M; Black, Stephen A

    2013-08-01

    Groin wound lymphatic complications after vascular procedures are accompanied by increased risk of infection, prolonged hospital stay, and greater patient morbidity. High-output groin seromas can be difficult to manage and refractory to established interventions. Although subcutaneous talc has been used to prevent seroma accumulation in other high-risk surgical fields, such as after axillary lymph node dissection, it has not been described in the context of vascular surgery. This article presents the first reported case of a persistent high-output groin seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair managed successfully with intraoperative application of sterile talc.

  5. Preliminary report on prediction of spinal cord ischemia in endovascular stent graft repair of thoracic aortic aneurysm by retrievable stent graft.

    PubMed

    Ishimaru, S; Kawaguchi, S; Koizumi, N; Obitsu, Y; Ishikawa, M

    1998-04-01

    To predict spinal cord ischemia after endovascular stent graft repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms, temporary interruption of the intercostal arteries (including the aneurysm) was performed by placement of a novel retrievable stent graft (Retriever) in the aorta under evoked spinal cord potential monitoring. From February 1995 to October 1997, endovascular stent graft repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms was performed in 49 patients after informed consent was obtained. In 16 patients with aneurysms located in the middle and distal segment of the descending aorta, the Retriever was placed temporarily before stent graft deployment. The Retriever consisted of two units of self-expanding zigzag stents connected in tandem with stainless steel struts. Each strut was collected in a bundle fixed to a pushing rod, and the stent framework was lined with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sheet. The Retriever was delivered beyond the aneurysm through a sheath and was retracted into the sheath 20 minutes later. A stent graft for permanent use was deployed in patients whose predeployment test results with the Retriever were favorable. Evoked spinal cord potential was monitored throughout placement of the Retriever and stent grafting until the next day. The Retriever was placed in 17 aneurysms in 16 patients. There were no changes in amplitude or latency of evoked spinal cord potential records obtained before or during Retriever placement. After withdrawal of the Retriever, all aneurysms were excluded from circulation immediately after permanent stent grafting. There were no changes in evoked spinal cord potential, nor were neurologic deficits seen after stent graft deployment in any patient. These results suggest that predeployment testing with the Retriever under evoked spinal cord potential monitoring is promising as a predictor of spinal cord ischemia in candidates for stent graft repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

  6. Perioperative Infections after Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Lead to Increased Risk of Subsequent Complications.

    PubMed

    Lee, Su Yeon; Peacock, Matthew R; Farber, Alik; Shah, Nishant K; Eslami, Mohammad H; Kalish, Jeffrey A; Rybin, Denis; Komshian, Sevan; Siracuse, Jeffrey J

    2017-10-01

    Patients undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair are at risk of perioperative infections that can lead to subsequent complications. Our goal was to understand how an initial infectious complication influences the risk of subsequent complications in this cohort of patients. Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2005-2012), we evaluated the relationship between 3 index infectious complications after open elective AAA repair (pneumonia, deep/organ surgical site infection [SSI], and urinary tract infection [UTI]) and subsequent complications. We used 5:1 propensity matching and calculated propensity score to experience to establish matching cohorts for each index complication. This score was based on preoperative variables and number of event-free days. There were 3,991 patients who were identified to have undergone elective open AAA repair in the ACS-NSQIP database. Postoperative index pneumonia was associated with increased risk of unplanned intubation (28.6% vs. 3.5%; odds ratio [OR], 10.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.7-17.5; P < 0.001), prolonged ventilation (38.5% vs. 6.7%; OR, 8.7; 95% CI: 5.9-13.0; P < 0.001), sepsis (14.3% vs. 3.3%; OR, 4.8; 95% CI: 2.8-8.4; P < 0.001), acute renal failure (9.9% vs. 2.1%; OR, 5.1; 95% CI: 2.6-9.9; P < 0.001), deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (3.8% vs. 1.4%; OR, 2.7; 95% CI: 1.1-7.0; P = 0.035), and mortality (7.1% vs. 3.0%; OR, 2.5; 95% CI: 1.3-4.9; P = 0.009). Postoperative index UTI was associated with increased risk of sepsis (21.4% vs. 0%; OR, 49.2; 95% CI: 14.5-166.8; P < 0.001), pneumonia (10.7% vs. 2.9%; OR, 4.0; 95% CI: 1.8-8.6; P = 0.001), DVT (3.6% vs. 0.4%; OR, 10.0; 95% CI: 1.8-55.5; P = 0.008), and mortality (5.4% vs. 1.8%; OR, 3.0; 95% CI: 1.1-8.5; P = 0.02). Finally, postoperative index deep/organ SSI increased the risk of pneumonia (13.0% vs. 0.9%; OR, 16.7; 95% CI: 1.6-168.2; P = 0.017), prolonged ventilation

  7. Application of physician-modified fenestrated stent graft in urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with hostile neck anatomy

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Rong; Ye, Wei; Liu, Changwei; Wang, Xuan; Song, Xiaojun; Ni, Leng; Liu, Bao; Li, Yongjun; Zheng, Yuehong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the Gore Excluder aortic stent graft (WL Gore & Associates, Inc., Flagstaff, AZ) using the C3 Delivery System after physician modification of fenestration for the urgent treatment of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm showing hostile neck anatomy. Case summary: Three urgent cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm with hostile neck anatomy symptom with abdominal pain were reported. The same fenestration method was applied to align the target superior mesenteric artery and bilateral renal arteries with 1 scallop and 2 fenestrations, followed by the reconstruction of the target artery using a bare-metal stent or stent graft. Balloon-assisted positioning and image fusion technology were intraoperatively applied to assist the accurate release of the stent graft body. The follow-up periods for all cases exceeded 6 months, showing smooth circulation in the target arteries with no endoleaks. Conclusion: In the absence of other available treatment methods, it is feasible to use a stent graft with physician-modified fenestration for the urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with hostile neck anatomy. However, this procedure's long-term efficacy needs to be further investigated. PMID:27861397

  8. The Role of Learning in Health Technology Assessments: An Empirical Assessment of Endovascular Aneurysm Repairs in German Hospitals.

    PubMed

    Varabyova, Yauheniya; Blankart, Carl Rudolf; Schreyögg, Jonas

    2017-02-01

    Changes in performance due to learning may dynamically influence the results of a technology evaluation through the change in effectiveness and costs. In this study, we estimate the effect of learning using the example of two minimally invasive treatments of abdominal aortic aneurysms: endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and fenestrated EVAR (fEVAR). The analysis is based on the administrative data of over 40,000 patients admitted with unruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm to more than 500 different hospitals over the years 2006 to 2013. We examine two patient outcomes, namely, in-hospital mortality and length of stay using hierarchical regression models with random effects at the hospital level. The estimated models control for patient and hospital characteristics and take learning interdependency between EVAR and fEVAR into account. In case of EVAR, we observe a significant decrease both in the in-hospital mortality and length of stay with experience accumulated at the hospital level; however, the learning curve for fEVAR in both outcomes is effectively flat. To foster the consideration of learning in health technology assessments of medical devices, a general framework for estimating learning effects is derived from the analysis. © 2017 The Authors. Health Economics published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Three-year audit and cost assessment of open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a district general hospital.

    PubMed

    El Kafsi, J; Wake, J; Lintott, P; Northeast, A; McLaren, A

    2009-11-01

    The aims of this study were to audit the outcome of elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in a district general hospital, as well as investigate the true costs for this procedure in relation to the national tariff. A database is maintained on AAA surgery in the trust. Data were supplemented by drawing information from blood bank and clinical notes. Patients with symptomatic or emergency aneurysms were excluded. Data from January 2005 to December 2007 were obtained on demographics, morbidity, 30-day mortality and blood usage. Costs were obtained from the trust finance department. Between January 2005 and December 2007, 79 elective AAA procedures were undertaken. Median age was 75 years (range, 52-85 years), median aneurysm size was 63 mm (range, 42-105 mm) and median ITU stay was 3 days (range, 1-41 days). Major morbidity rate was 20.3% (16 of 79 patients) and 30-day mortality overall was 5.1% (4 of 79 patients). Average cost per case was pound15,012.91 (range, pound4,040.03- pound82,158.00), when National Tariff is pound6,722.00 ( pound5,649.00 x local Market Forces Factor of 1.19). Loss per case for our trust was pound8,290.91 with a total annual loss of pound218,299.56. Morbidity and mortality in this district general hospital compare well with national studies; however, the total cost is far in excess of the national tariff.

  10. Interleukin-10 appearance following thoraco-abdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is associated with the duration of visceral ischaemia.

    PubMed

    Oldenburg, H S; Burress Welborn, M; Pruitt, J H; Boelens, P G; Seeger, J M; Martin, T D; Wesdorp, R I; Rauwerda, J A; van Leeuwen, P A; Moldawer, L L

    2000-08-01

    to evaluate the plasma IL-10 levels during elective operative repair of thoraco-abdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. To study whether IL-10 plasma levels are associated with the duration of cross-clamping (ischaemia) and clinical outcome. fifteen consecutive patients undergoing surgery for TAAA and 10 consecutive patients undergoing surgical repair of AAA were included. plasma concentrations of IL-10 were measured by ELISA technique. Clinical outcome of the TAAA patients was prospectively analysed. during aortic clamping IL-10 was produced in both populations. The plasma IL-10 peak (934+/-172 pg/ml) of the TAAA group was seen at 4 h after declamping and remained detectable after 48 h. The plasma IL-10 peak (212+/-32 pg/ml) of the AAA group was seen 30 min after declamping and fell to undetectable levels by 24 h. These data show that the peak IL-10 plasma levels in TAAA repair are significantly (p<0.05) higher compared to the peak IL-10 plasma levels as seen during AAA repair. A positive correlation was seen between cross-clamping and peak plasma IL-10 and organ dysfunction. IL-10 plasma concentrations appear higher, later and are longer detectable in patients undergoing TAAA. Correlations were seen with duration of cross-clamping and MSOD. Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

  11. Laparoscopy-assisted abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: early and middle-term results of a consecutive series of 122 cases.

    PubMed

    Ferrari, Mauro; Adami, Daniele; Del Corso, Andrea; Berchiolli, Raffaella; Pietrabissa, Andrea; Romagnani, Francesco; Mosca, Franco

    2006-04-01

    Endoaneurysmorrhaphy with intraluminal graft placement, described by Creech, is the gold standard for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Endovascular aneurysm repair has gained popularity for its minimal invasiveness and satisfying short-term results, but there are still many concerns about the long-term success of the procedure. Since 1998, laparoscopic surgery has been proposed for AAA treatment. The potential benefits of a minimally invasive procedure reproducing the endoaneurysmorrhaphy results over time have been advocated. In our experience, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) has been routinely used for the open-surgery transperitoneal/retroperitoneal approach and for endovascular aneurysm repair. After 4 years, we are able to define the early and middle-term results of such laparoscopic-assisted treatment. From October 2000 to March 2004, 604 consecutive nonurgent AAAs were treated at our institution. Of these, 122 (20.2%) were treated by HALS. Exclusion criteria for HALS were hostile abdomen (previous major abdominal or aortic surgery), bilateral diffuse common iliac and/or hypogastric aneurysms, massive aortoiliac calcifications, and severe cardiac (ejection fraction <35%) and respiratory (P(O2) <60 mm Hg or carbon dioxide >50 mm Hg) insufficiency. Juxtarenal and proximal iliac aneurysms were not a contraindication, nor was obesity. In all patients, we performed a minilaparotomy (7-8 cm) both for laparoscopic hand-assisted dissection and for endoaneurysmorrhaphy. All perioperative data were prospectively recorded. Follow-up consisted of ultrasonography and clinical evaluation after 6 and 12 months and then every year after surgery. The mean laparoscopic and total operative times were respectively 64 +/- 32 minutes and 257 +/- 70 minutes, the mean aortic cross-clamping time was 76 +/- 26 minutes, and the mean autotransfused blood volume was 1136 +/- 711 mL. The overall mortality and morbidity were respectively 0% and 12.2%. Morbidity was surgery

  12. Challenging neck anatomy is associated with need for intraoperative endovascular adjuncts during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR).

    PubMed

    Grisafi, Joseph L; Rahbar, Rodeen; Nelms, Justin; Detschelt, Elizabeth L; Chess, Bart A; Benckart, Daniel H; Muluk, Satish C

    2011-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine which proximal seal zone characteristics were predictive of early and late type Ia endoleak development after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysmal disease. We evaluated 146 patients who underwent EVAR between January 2006 and March 2007. In the cohort, high-resolution computed tomography images of 100 (68.5%) patients were available, which showed detailed measurement of proximal neck parameters, including diameter, length, calcification, thrombus, suprarenal and infrarenal angles, and reverse taper morphology. Postprocessing of digital data sets was performed to obtain centerline-of-flow measurements. Relevant medical records and follow-up computed tomography scans were reviewed. Mean age of the patients was 72.7 years, with 78% being male. Of these patients, 66% did not satisfy the instructions for use for the Zenith EVAR device, and 50% did not satisfy the instructions for use for the AneuRx device. Nine patients had intraoperative type Ia endoleaks. A 100% assisted primary technical success rate was achieved with the adjunctive use of angioplasty (n = 4), uncovered stent (n = 3), and extension cuff (n = 2) placement. There was a significant association between type Ia endoleak development and magnitude of the infrarenal angle (p < 0.01); however, other parameters were not significant. At follow-up (mean, 587 days), no patient had a type Ia endoleak, and there were no aneurysm-related deaths. Our data indicate that infrarenal angle is related to intraoperative type Ia endoleak occurrence, but other factors often thought to be indicative of adverse neck anatomy are not significant predictors. Moreover, all type Ia endoleaks in this cohort were successfully eliminated intraoperatively, and durability was confirmed on postoperative surveillance. These data demonstrate that challenging neck anatomy is associated with the need for intraoperative endovascular adjuncts, and that

  13. The "Open Branch" Technique: A New Way to Prevent Paraplegia After Total Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Mangialardi, Nicola; Lachat, Mario; Esposito, Andrea; Puippe, Gilberte; Orrico, Matteo; Alberti, Vittorio; Fazzini, Stefano; Ronchey, Sonia

    2016-03-01

    Staged endovascular treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) has been proved to be an effective strategy to reduce the risk of spinal cord ischemia (SCI). Several techniques have been described: some imply the staged coverage of the aorta, other the temporarily perfusion of the sac through a branch left unstented or a dedicated branch that will be occluded later. The aim of those is to facilitate the expansion of the collateral network that perfuses the spinal cord. However, each of them, have some disadvantages such as the need of two interventions of big magnitude and the risk of target vessel occlusion or endograft displacement. We describe a new technique to treat TAAA in a staged manner. The first step of our technique is the thoracoabdominal endograft deployment with the branching of all target vessels; one of these is branched with a bare stent inside which a covered stent will be placed in a second step, which can be perfomed under local anesthesia. We named this technique "open branch" (OB). Before insertion of the covered stent, a balloon is inflated inside the bare stent to simulate the complete sac exclusion to evaluate eventual neurological complication. Two patients with Crawford type II TAAA and one with a suprarenal aneurysm following the open repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm were treated. No cases of SCI were observed after the two procedures. Median interval time between the two procedures was 8, 6 weeks (4-16). Between the two steps, no aneurysm growth or rupture and no branch occlusion or endograft displacement was observed. These three cases of "OB" technique show that this is a safe and feasible alternative strategy to treat TAAA in a staged manner. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Endovascular repair for an extracranial internal carotid aneurysm with cervical access: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Rivera-Chavarría, Ignacio J.; Alvarado-Marín, Juan C.

    2015-01-01

    Background Carotid aneurysms are a rare pathology. This vascular disorder can be asymptomatic or it can cause local compression. The disorder poses a high risk of embolization and rupture. Presentation of case A 79 years old female, presents with a right internal carotid fusiform aneurysm, approximately 3.8 cm in diameter, localized 3.30 cm from the common carotid artery bifurcation with an extremely tortuous common carotid artery. Discussion Surgical management of the extracranial internal carotid artery remains varying and challenging, particularly with a distal internal carotid aneurysm and with anatomical difficulties. Conclusion Endovascular management of an internal carotid aneurysm with cervical access using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene covered stent with Heparin Bioactive Surface in the carotid area, is safe and effective. PMID:26706595

  15. Mortality rates and risk factors for emergent open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in the endovascular era.

    PubMed

    Pecoraro, Felice; Gloekler, Steffen; Mader, Caecilia E; Roos, Malgorzata; Chaykovska, Lyubov; Veith, Frank J; Cayne, Neal S; Mangialardi, Nicola; Neff, Thomas; Lachat, Mario

    2017-09-14

    The background of this paper is to report the mortality at 30 and 90 days and at mean follow-up after open abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) emergent repair and to identify predictive risk factors for 30- and 90-day mortality. Between 1997 and 2002, 104 patients underwent emergent AAA open surgery. Symptomatic and ruptured AAAs were observed, respectively, in 21 and 79% of cases. Mean patient age was 70 (SD 9.2) years. Mean aneurysm maximal diameter was 7.4 (SD 1.6) cm. Primary endpoints were 30- and 90-day mortality. Significant mortality-related risk factor identification was the secondary endpoint. Open repair trend and its related perioperative mortality with a per-year analysis and a correlation subanalysis to identify predictive mortality factor were performed. Mean follow-up time was 23 (SD 23) months. Overall, 30-day mortality was 30%. Significant mortality-related risk factors were the use of computed tomography (CT) as a preoperative diagnostic tool, AAA rupture, preoperative shock, intraoperative cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), use of aortic balloon occlusion, intraoperative massive blood transfusion (MBT), and development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Previous abdominal surgery was identified as a protective risk factor. The mortality rate at 90 days was 44%. Significant mortality-related risk factors were AAA rupture, aortocaval fistula, peripheral artery disease (PAD), preoperative shock, CPR, MBT, and ACS. The mortality rate at follow-up was 45%. Correlation analysis showed that MBT, shock, and ACS are the most relevant predictive mortality factor at 30 and 90 days. During the transition period from open to endovascular repair, open repair mortality outcomes remained comparable with other contemporary data despite a selection bias for higher risk patients. MBT, shock, and ACS are the most pronounced predictive mortality risk factors.

  16. Endovascular Repair of a Right-Sided Descending Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Associated with a Right Aortic Arch and a Left Subclavian Artery Arising from a Kommerell's Diverticulum

    SciTech Connect

    Klonaris, Chris Avgerinos, Efthimios D.; Katsargyris, Athanasios; Matthaiou, Alexandros; Georgopoulos, Sotirios; Psarros, Vasileios; Bastounis, Elias

    2009-07-15

    This case report describes the endovascular repair of a right-sided descending thoracic aortic aneurysm associated with a right aortic arch and an aberrant left subclavian artery. A 76-year-old male with multiple comorbidities was incidentally found to have a right-sided descending thoracic aortic aneurysm with a maximum diameter of 6.2 cm. Additionally, there was a right aortic arch with a retroesophageal segment and separate arch branches arising in the following order: left common carotid artery, right common carotid artery, right subclavian artery, and left subclavian artery that was aberrant, arising from a Kommerrell's diverticulum. The aneurysm was successfully excluded by deployment of a Zenith TX1 36 x 32 x 20-mm stent-graft using wire traction technique via the left femoral and right brachial arteries in order to deal with two severe aortic angulations. At 18-month follow-up the patient was doing well, with aneurysm sac shrinkage to 5.9 cm and no signs of endoleak or migration. Endovascular repair of right-sided descending thoracic aortic aneurysms with a right arch and aberrant left subclavian artery is feasible, safe, and effective. In such rare configurations, which demand considerably increased technical dexterity and center experience, endovascular repair emerges as an attractive therapeutic option.

  17. The effects of aneurysm repair using an aortic prosthesis on the electrical parameters of the muscular layer of the abdominal aorta.

    PubMed

    Hauzer, W; Czerski, A; Zawadzki, W; Gnus, J; Ratajczak, K; Nowak, M; Janeczek, M; Witkiewicz, W; Niespielak, P

    2014-12-01

    The study was carried out on 10 swine of 20-30 kg body weight. Five animals were assigned to each of 2 groups. An aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was created experimentally in animals from the first and second study group. After 4 weeks, animals from the second group were subject to aneurysm repair using an aortic prosthesis. During the experiment, we measured the myoelectric activity of the muscular layer of the abdominal aorta and aneurysmal lesion with the ultrasonographic technique. Measurements of the aorta and aneurysmal lesion and histopathological analyses were carried out post-mortem. We found a statistically significant decrease in the myoelectric activity of the aorta on the aorta-straight prosthesis interface and a significant decrease in the thickness of the muscular layer of the aorta on the aorta-prosthesis interface. No similar changes were found for experimentally induced aneurysms of the abdominal aorta. A straight prosthesis graft may not be the perfect option in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm, as it contributes to the remodelling of the tissue on the prosthesis-aorta interface. This may result in the relapse of an aneurysm and post-operative complications.

  18. Tc-99m Sulfur Colloid Scintigraphy for Detecting Perigraft Flow Following Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect

    Hovsepian, David M.; Siegel, Barry A.; Kimbiris, George; Sicard, Gregorio A.; Allen, Brent T.; Picus, Daniel

    1999-11-15

    Purpose: To determine if scintigraphy with Tc-99m sulfur colloid can be used to detect perigraft flow after stent-graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: Twenty-three men and two women aged 56-84 years (mean 71 years) underwent endoluminal AAA repair as part of the EVT Phase II trial [EVT = Endovascular Technologies (Menlo Park, CA, USA)]. Aneurysm size averaged 5.4 cm (range 3-8 cm). Sixteen bifurcated, seven tube, and two aorto-uniiliac grafts were placed. Two days after stent-graft placement, patients underwent both contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), including delayed views, and Tc-99m sulfur colloid scintigraphy. Results: Perigraft flow was found in only one patient at completion of angiography. Four additional patients had perigraft flow, discovered during their postoperative follow-up CT. Four patients had leaks at an attachment site and one had retrograde branch flow. Tc-99m sulfur colloid scintigraphy failed to diagnose any of the five leaks prospectively. In two of these patients, however, some abnormal paraaortic activity was noted in retrospect. Conclusion: Tc-99m sulfur colloid scintigraphy was unable to demonstrate endoleak with either rapid flow (attachment site leak) or slow filling (branch flow)

  19. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the pre-operative assessment of patients for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Nugent, A M; Riley, M; Megarry, J; O'Reilly, M J; MacMahon, J; Lowry, R

    1998-01-01

    We have investigated the value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the pre-operative assessment to patients for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Thirty-six patients were entered into the study. All had a pre-operative clinical assessment and investigations including chest radiograph, electrocardiograph, spirometry and echocardiogram with measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction. Each patient performed a symptom limited treadmill exercise test using a STEEP protocol with on-line measurement of respiratory gas exchange. Patients were followed up for 12 months post-operatively by review of casenotes. Thirty out of 36 patients had surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. There was 1 death in the perioperative period and 2 deaths in the following 12 months. Seven other patients suffered post-operative complications. There were no significant differences in left ventricular ejection fraction, spirometry and peak achieved oxygen consumption (PVO2) between those patients who died or who had post-operative complications and those who had not. However, PVO2 < 20 ml/min/kg was found in 70 per cent of patients who had complications compared with 50 per cent of those who had not. Also 4 patients considered medically unfit for surgery all had PVO2 < 20 ml/min/kg. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with measurement of PVO2 may be helpful in identifying patients more at risk of post-operative complications but should not be used in isolation without through clinical assessment.

  20. Initial clinical experience with a sac-anchoring endoprosthesis for aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Donayre, Carlos E; Zarins, Christopher K; Krievins, Dainis K; Holden, Andrew; Hill, Andrew; Calderas, Carlos; Velez, Jaime; White, Rodney A

    2011-03-01

    All current aortic endografts depend on proximal and distal fixation to prevent migration. However, migration and rupture can occur, particularly in patients with aortic necks that are short or angulated, or both. We present our initial clinical experience with a new sac-anchoring endoprosthesis designed to anchor and seal the device within the aneurysm sac. The initial worldwide experience using a new endoprosthesis for the treatment of aortic aneurysms (Nellix Endovascular, Palo Alto, Calif) was reviewed. The endoprosthesis consists of dual balloon-expandable endoframes surrounded by polymer-filled endobags designed to obliterate the aneurysm sac and maintain endograft position. Clinical results and follow-up contrast computed tomography (CT) scans at 30 days and 6 and 12 months were reviewed. The endograft was successfully deployed in 21 patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms measuring 5.7 ± 0.7 cm (range, 4.3-7.4 cm). Two patients with common iliac aneurysms were treated with sac-anchoring extenders that maintained patency of the internal iliac artery. Infusion of 71 ± 37 mL of polymer (range, 19-158 mL) into the aortic endobags resulted in complete aneurysm exclusion in all patients. Mean implant time was 76 ± 35 minutes, with 33 ± 17 minutes of fluoroscopy time and 180 ± 81 mL of contrast; estimated blood loss was 174 ± 116 mL. One patient died during the postoperative period (30-day mortality, 4.8%), and one died at 10 months from non-device-related causes. During a mean follow-up of 8.7 ± 3.1 months and a median of 6.3 months, there were no late aneurysm- or device-related adverse events and no secondary procedures. CT imaging studies at 6 months and 1 year revealed no increase in aneurysm size, no device migration, and no new endoleaks. One patient had a limited proximal type I endoleak at 30 days that resolved at 60 days and remained sealed. One patient has an ongoing distal type I endoleak near the iliac bifurcation, with no change in aneurysm

  1. Current hospital costs and medicare reimbursement for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Bertges, Daniel J; Zwolak, Robert M; Deaton, David H; Teigen, Corey; Tapper, Scott; Koslow, Alan R; Makaroun, Michel S

    2003-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the current inpatient hospital cost and Medicare reimbursement of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) at different hospitals. The cost of EVAR from October 2000 to October 2001 with two commercially available endografts (Ancure, Guidant Endovascular Solutions, Menlo Park, Calif; and AneuRx, Medtronic AVE, Santa Rosa, Calif) was retrospectively analyzed at seven hospitals. Three university (n = 111) and four community hospitals (n = 110) from different regions of the country participated in the survey. Consecutive cases with complete financial records were included. Hospital finance departments provided their best estimates of hospital costs, including overhead for operating room, endograft, medical supply, bed, radiology, laboratory, and pharmacy services and reimbursement on the basis of hospital-specific Diagnostic Related Groups (DRG) 110 or 111. Detailed hospital charges and International Clinical Diagnosis codes also were reviewed from Universal Billing-92 forms submitted to Medicare. An additional cost analysis was performed by the authors to validate the estimates of the hospital financial departments. Outliers of more than three standard deviations from the mean were excluded. The mean total hospital cost was $22,999, and mean reimbursement, weighted by case mix, was $20,837, resulting in a net loss of $2162. The majority of EVAR cost was from the device (57%) and other medical supplies (16%). EVAR was reimbursed on the basis of DRG 110 in 78% of cases and of DRG 111 in 22%. Reimbursement varied widely by hospital and location (mean, $20,837; range, $14,818 to $35,343; standard deviation, $5450). With the exclusion of one hospital where reimbursement was not based on the DRG, cases reimbursed with DRG 110 resulted in an average loss of $2200, while the average loss was $9198 with DRG 111. The mean net loss for hospitals reimbursed with the DRG system was $3898. EVAR reimbursement is presently

  2. Renal dysfunction and the associated decrease in survival after elective endovascular aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Zarkowsky, Devin S.; Hicks, Caitlin W.; Bostock, Ian C.; Stone, David H.; Eslami, Mohammad; Goodney, Philip P.

    2016-01-01

    Objective The reported frequency of renal dysfunction after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) varies widely in current surgical literature. Published research establishes pre-existing end-stage renal disease as a poor prognostic indicator. We intend to quantify the mortality effect associated with renal morbidity developed postoperatively and to identify modifiable risk factors. Methods All elective EVAR patients with preoperative and postoperative renal function data captured by the Vascular Quality Initiative between January 2003 and December 2014 were examined. The primary study end point was long-term mortality. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters were analyzed to estimate mortality stratified by renal outcome and to describe independent risk factors associated with post-EVAR renal dysfunction. Results This study included 14,475 elective EVAR patients, of whom 96.8% developed no post-EVAR renal dysfunction, 2.9% developed acute kidney injury, and 0.4% developed a new hemodialysis requirement. Estimated 5-year survival was significantly different between groups, 77.5% vs 53.5%, respectively, for the no dysfunction and acute kidney injury groups, whereas the new hemodialysis group demonstrated 22.8% 3-year estimated survival (P < .05). New-onset postoperative congestive heart failure (odds ratio [OR], 3.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-10.38), return to the operating room (OR, 3.26; 95% CI, 1.49-7.13), and postoperative vasopressor requirement (OR, 2.68; 95% CI, 1.40-5.12) predicted post-EVAR renal dysfunction, whereas a preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was protective (OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.21-0.53). Volume of contrast material administered during elective EVAR varies 10-fold among surgeons in the Vascular Quality Initiative database, but the average volume administered to patients is statistically similar, regardless of preoperative eGFR. Multivariable logistic regression

  3. Randomized feasibility trial of high-intensity interval training before elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Tew, G A; Batterham, A M; Colling, K; Gray, J; Kerr, K; Kothmann, E; Nawaz, S; Weston, M; Yates, D; Danjoux, G

    2017-10-09

    This study assessed the feasibility of a preoperative high-intensity interval training (HIT) programme in patients awaiting elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. In this feasibility trial, participants were allocated by minimization to preoperative HIT or usual care. Patients in the HIT group were offered three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, and weekly maintenance sessions if surgery was delayed. Feasibility and acceptability outcomes were: rates of screening, eligibility, recruitment, retention, outcome completion, adverse events and adherence to exercise. Data on exercise enjoyment (Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale, PACES), cardiorespiratory fitness (anaerobic threshold and peak oxygen uptake), quality of life, postoperative morbidity and mortality, duration of hospital stay and healthcare utilization were also collected. Twenty-seven patients were allocated to HIT and 26 to usual care (controls). Screening, eligibility, recruitment, retention and outcome completion rates were 100 per cent (556 of 556), 43·2 per cent (240 of 556), 22·1 per cent (53 of 240), 91 per cent (48 of 53) and 79-92 per cent respectively. The overall exercise session attendance rate was 75·8 per cent (276 of 364), and the mean(s.d.) PACES score after the programme was 98(19) ('enjoyable'); however, the intensity of exercise was generally lower than intended. The mean anaerobic threshold after exercise training (adjusted for baseline score and minimization variables) was 11·7 ml per kg per min in the exercise group and 11·4 ml per kg per min in controls (difference 0·3 (95 per cent c.i. -0·4 to 1·1) ml per kg per min). There were trivial-to-small differences in postoperative clinical and patient-reported outcomes between the exercise and control groups. Despite the intensity of exercise being generally lower than intended, the findings support the feasibility and acceptability of both preoperative HIT and the trial procedures. A definitive trial is warranted

  4. Endograft Infection After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Argyriou, Christos; Georgiadis, George S; Lazarides, Miltos K; Georgakarakos, Efstratios; Antoniou, George A

    2017-10-01

    To report a meta-analysis of the published evidence on the outcomes of aortic endograft infection after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A search of electronic information sources (PubMed/MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CENTRAL) and bibliographic reference lists identified 12 studies reporting on 362 patients (mean age 72 years; 279 men). The methodological quality of the selected studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Endpoints were 30-day/in-hospital mortality and follow-up mortality. Pooled estimates are reported with the 95% confidence interval (CI). The review was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews in Health and Social Care (CRD42016034166). The incidence of graft infection after EVAR was 0.6% (95% CI 0.4% to 0.8%). The time from implantation to diagnosis ranged from 1 to 128 months (mean 25). The majority of patients (293, 81%) underwent surgical treatment (95% CI 77% to 83%); 9 (2.5%) patients (95% CI 21% to 43%) received conservative treatment. Aortic replacement with a prosthetic graft was performed in 58% (95% CI 52% to 62%), whereas cryopreserved allografts and autologous grafts were used in 31% (95% CI 28% to 33%) and 11% (95% CI% 8 to 14%), respectively. Less than half of the patients (40%) had emergency surgery. The pooled estimate of 30-day/in-hospital mortality was 26.6% (95% CI 16.9% to 39.2%). The pooled 30-day/in-hospital mortality for 9 patients treated conservatively was 63.3% (95% CI 30.7% to 87.0%). The pooled overall follow-up mortality was 45.7% (95% CI 36.4% to 55.4%) vs 58.6% (95% CI 28.8% to 83.3%) for the 9 patients receiving conservative treatment. Aortic endograft infection is a rare complication after EVAR. Surgical treatment with complete explantation of the infected endograft seems to be the optimal management in selected patients. Supportive medical treatment without surgical intervention has a significant associated mortality.

  5. Preoperative variables predict persistent type 2 endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Abularrage, Christopher J; Crawford, Robert S; Conrad, Mark F; Lee, Hang; Kwolek, Christopher J; Brewster, David C; Cambria, Richard P; Lamuraglia, Glenn M

    2010-07-01

    Persistent type 2 endoleaks (PT2, present >or=6 months) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) are associated with adverse outcomes. This study evaluated the preoperative risk factors and natural history of PT2 in order to define a population at high risk. From January 1999 to December 2007, 595 of 832 EVAR patients had long-term computed tomography follow-up and comprised the study cohort. Preoperative anatomic and clinical variables were correlated with PT2 using Cox regression. Composite hazard ratios (HRs) were constructed with clusters of high-risk preoperative variables. Primary end points, including spontaneous resolution, sac enlargement >5 mm, and freedom from reintervention, were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. There were 136 PT2 patients (23%) with a median follow-up of 34.8 months (range, 6.4-121.2 months). Positive predictive factors included patent inferior mesenteric artery (IMA; HR, 4.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.62-9.90; P = .003), increasing number of patent lumbar arteries (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.10-1.41; P = .0006), increasing age (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.06; P = .005), and increasing luminal diameter on CT-contrast opacified lumen (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.02-1.05; P = .0001). During follow-up, spontaneous PT2 resolution occurred in 34 patients (25%), sac diameter remained stable in 63 (46%), and rupture occurred in 2 (1.5%). Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated that 35.2% +/- 5.6% (95% CI, 23.8%-46.2%) of PT2 resolve spontaneously at 5 years after the index procedure. Freedom from sac enlargement >5 mm was 54.6% +/- 7.2% (95% CI, 40.6%-69.4%) at 5 years. Fifty-nine reinterventions were performed in 39 patients with PT2. Freedom from reintervention was 67.3% +/- 5.0% (95% CI, 57.0%-77.0%) at 5 years. The combination of a patent IMA and one risk factor of more than six patent lumbar arteries, maximum luminal diameter >30 mm, or age >70 years increased the odds of PT2 approximately ninefold. The combination of a patent IMA and any two risk

  6. Palmar artery aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Shutze, Ryan A.; Liechty, Joseph

    2017-01-01

    Aneurysms of the hand are rarely encountered and more rarely reported. The least common locations of these aneurysms are the palmar and digital arteries. The etiologies of these entities are quite varied, although they usually present as a pulsatile mass. Following a thorough evaluation, including arterial anatomic imaging, they should be repaired. The reported results following repair have been good. Herein we report a girl with a spontaneous palmar artery aneurysm and its management. PMID:28127131

  7. Early intervention effects of open repair and endovascular aortic repair on patients suffering from 40-54 mm abdominal aortic aneurysms: single center experience.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Jian; Shu, Chang; Cai, Wenwu; Li, Ming; Li, Quanming

    2017-10-01

    We conducted this study to explore the early intervention effects of open repair (OR) and endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients (maximum diameter 40-54 mm). We retrospectively analyzed patients under 65 years old with maximum AAA diameter 40-54 mm in our hospital from January 2010 to January 2016 (among which there are 38 EVAR cases and 18 OR cases) and compared their short mid-term operation effects. The time of the operation, bleeding volume and volume of blood transfusion during operation in the EVAR group are significantly lower than those in the OR group; differences are statistically significant (P<0.05). The operation success of the rats in both groups was 100%; the 30-day death rate was 0% and the recurrence rate was 0%; differences are not statistically significant. The total incidence rate of complications in the OR group was 22.2% while it was 5.3% in the EVAR group; differences are statistically significant (χ2=4.114, P=0.043). Early intervention (regardless of whether open or endovascular repair is used) is a feasible method for young patients with asymptomatic AAAs of 4.0 cm to 5.5 cm diameter.

  8. Superior Outcomes for Rural Patients After Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Supports a Systematic Regional Approach to AAA Care

    PubMed Central

    Mell, Matthew W.; Bartels, Christie; Kind, Amy; Leverson, Glen; Smith, Maureen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The impact of geographic isolation on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) care in the U.S. is unknown. It has been postulated but not proven that rural patients have less access to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), vascular surgeons, and high volume treatment centers than their urban counterparts, resulting in inferior AAA care. The purpose of this study was to compare the national experience for treatment of intact AAA for patients living in rural areas or towns with those living in urban areas. Methods Patients who underwent intact AAA repair in 2005–2006 were identified from a standard 5% random sample of all Medicare beneficiaries. Data on patient demographics, co-morbidities, type of repair and specialty of operating surgeon were collected. Hospitals were stratified into quintiles by yearly AAA volume. Primary outcomes included 30-day mortality and rehospitalization. Results A total of 2616 patients had repair for intact AAA (40% open, 60% EVAR). Rural and urban patients were equally likely to receive EVAR (rural 60% vs. urban 61%, p=.99) and be treated by a vascular surgeon (rural 48% vs. urban 50%; p=.82). Most rural patients (86%) received care in urban centers. Primary outcomes occurred in 11.6% of rural patients (1.3% 30-day mortality, 10.3% re-hospitalization) versus 16.0% of urban patients (3% 30-day mortality, 13% rehospitalization; p=.04). In multivariate analyses, rural residence was independently associated with treatment at high-volume centers (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1..34 – 2.01; p<.0001) and decreased death or re-hospitalization (OR 0.69, 95% CI .49 – .97; p = .03). Conclusions Despite geographic isolation, patients in rural areas needing treatment for intact AAA have equivalent access to EVAR and vascular surgeons, increased referral to high-volume hospitals, and improved outcomes after repair. This suggests that urban patients may be disadvantaged even with nearby access to high quality centers. This study supports the need for

  9. Thirty-day mortality statistics underestimate the risk of repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms: a statewide experience.

    PubMed

    Rigberg, David A; McGory, Marcia L; Zingmond, David S; Maggard, Melinda A; Agustin, Michelle; Lawrence, Peter F; Ko, Clifford Y

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the 30-day and 365-day mortality for the repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAA), when stratified by age, in the general population. These data provide clinicians with information more applicable to an individual patient than mortality figures from a single institutional series. Data were obtained from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) for the years 1991 to 2002. These data were linked to the state death certificate file, allowing for continued information on the status of the patients after hospital discharge. All patients undergoing elective and ruptured TAA repair as coded by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Clinical Modification (ICD-9, CM) in California were identified. Patients aged <50 or >90 years old were excluded. We determined 30- and 365-day mortality and stratified our findings by decade of patient age (eg, 50 to 59). Demographics of elective and ruptured cases were also compared. We identified 1010 patients (797 elective, 213 ruptured) who underwent TAA repair. Mean patient ages were 70.0 (elective) and 72.1 years (ruptured). Men comprised 62% of elective and 68% of ruptured aneurysm patients, and 80% (elective) and 74% (ruptured) were white. Overall elective patient mortality was 19% at 30 days and 31% at 365 days. There was a steep increase in mortality with increasing age, such that elective 365-day mortality increased from about 18% for patients 50 to 59 years old to 40% for patients 80 to 89 years old. The elective case 31-day to 365-day mortality ranged from 7.8% for the youngest patients to 13.5%. Mortality for ruptured cases was 48.4% at 30 days and 61.5% at 365 days, and these rates also increased with age. Our observed 30-day mortality for TAA repairs is consistent with previous reports; however, mortality at 1 year demonstrates a significant risk beyond the initial perioperative period, and this risk increases with age. These data

  10. Bayesian neural network approach for determining the risk of re-intervention after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Attallah, Omneya; Ma, Xianghong

    2014-09-01

    This article proposes a Bayesian neural network approach to determine the risk of re-intervention after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair surgery. The target of proposed technique is to determine which patients have high chance to re-intervention (high-risk patients) and which are not (low-risk patients) after 5 years of the surgery. Two censored datasets relating to the clinical conditions of aortic aneurysms have been collected from two different vascular centers in the United Kingdom. A Bayesian network was first employed to solve the censoring issue in the datasets. Then, a back propagation neural network model was built using the uncensored data of the first center to predict re-intervention on the second center and classify the patients into high-risk and low-risk groups. Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted for each group of patients separately to show whether there is a significant difference between the two risk groups. Finally, the logrank test was applied to determine whether the neural network model was capable of predicting and distinguishing between the two risk groups. The results show that the Bayesian network used for uncensoring the data has improved the performance of the neural networks that were built for the two centers separately. More importantly, the neural network that was trained with uncensored data of the first center was able to predict and discriminate between groups of low risk and high risk of re-intervention after 5 years of endovascular aortic aneurysm surgery at center 2 (p = 0.0037 in the logrank test).

  11. Early outcomes and perioperative risk assessment in elective open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: An analysis of national data over a five-year period.

    PubMed

    Dayama, Anand; Sugano, Dordaneh; Reeves, James G; Rivera, Aksim; Tsilimparis, Nikolaos

    2016-02-01

    Open surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to analyse multicentre national data on early outcomes of open surgical thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Patients who underwent open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm from 2005 to 2010 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. The primary endpoint was mortality at 30 days. Patient demographics, clinical variables, and intraoperative parameters were analysed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to identify risk factors for mortality. Of the 682 elective repairs, 30-day outcomes of elective repairs were: 10.0% mortality, 21.6% surgical complications, 42.2% pulmonary complications, 17.2% renal complications, 12.9% cardiovascular complications, 19.2% septic complications, and 6.6% wound complications. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, ASA-class IV, dependent functional status prior to surgery, and operation time are independent risk factors for mortality. Our study found a higher rate of mortality nationwide, as compared to several previous single center studies.

  12. Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Results in Higher Hospital Expenses than Open Surgical Repair: Evidence from a Tertiary Hospital in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Teivelis, Marcelo Passos; Malheiro, Daniel Tavares; Hampe, Marcio; Dalio, Marcelo Bellini; Wolosker, Nelson

    2016-10-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the preferred approach for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (IRAAA) in detriment of open surgical repair (OSR). EVAR results in lower mortality rates within 30 days, but rates tend to be the same after longer periods. Moreover, reduced use of hospital resources with EVAR does not necessarily offset the costs of the endoprosthesis. We aimed, in this study, to estimate hospital expenses after OSR or EVAR, including early and late readmissions. Retrospective analysis of hospital expenses (2005-2012) with elective IRAAA surgeries performed in a tertiary hospital, including 127 patients divided into 2 groups, EVAR (n = 102) and OSR (n = 25). One perioperative death occurred in each group. EVAR interventions lasted 145 vs. 210 min of OSR (P < 0.001). Among OSR patients, 68% required packed red blood cells. Among EVAR patients, this proportion was 7.8% (P < 0.001). Median hospitalization time differed significantly for EVAR (4 days) and OSR (8 days; P < 0.001, intervals EVAR: 1-17 days, OSR: 2-442 days). The median and mean expenses with EVAR were US $53,080.95 and US $56,289.49, respectively. The median and mean expenses with OSR were US $37,116.04 and US $68,788.54, respectively. Early readmissions reached 11.2%. None of the OSR patients required late reinterventions, but 10 (9.9%) EVAR patients did, one of whom died. EVAR resulted in higher expenses with the exclusion of one outlier. Late reinterventions, with elevated costs, were only required by EVAR patients. Thus, when patients are eligible to undergo either intervention, OSR seems to have lower costs and better long-term results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a Ruptured EVAR Trial

    SciTech Connect

    Rayt, Harjeet Lambert, Kelly; Bown, Matthew; Fishwick, Guy; Morgan, Robert; McCarthy, Mark; London, Nick; Sayers, Robert

    2008-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm would be treatable by EVAR in the emergency setting and, if so, to measure for device selection. The results were then compared with those of a vascular radiologist. Six surgeons agreed on the suitability of endovascular repair in 45% of cases (95% CI, 23.1-68.5%; 9/20 scans; {kappa} = 0.41 [p = 0.01]) and concurred with the radiologist in eight of these. Individually, agreement ranged from 13 to 16 of the 20 scans, 65-80% between surgeons. The kappa value for agreement between all the surgeons and the radiologist was 0.47 (p = 0.01, moderate agreement). For the individual surgeons, this ranged from 0.3 to 0.6 (p = 0.01). In conclusion, while overall agreement was moderate between the surgeons and the radiologist, it is clear that if surgeons are to assess patients for ruptured EVAR in the future, focused training of surgical trainees is required.

  14. Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications

    SciTech Connect

    Gould, Derek Alan; Edwards, Richard David; McWilliams, Richard Gregory; Rowlands, Peter Christopher; Martin, Janis; White, Donagh; Fear, Simon; Bakran, Ali; Brennan, John; Gilling-Smith, Geoffrey; Harris, Peter Lyon

    2000-09-15

    Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions.

  15. Finite-element-based matching of pre- and intraoperative data for image-guided endovascular aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Dumenil, Aurélien; Kaladji, Adrien; Castro, Miguel; Esneault, Simon; Lucas, Antoine; Rochette, Michel; Goksu, Cemil; Haigron, Pascal

    2013-01-01

    Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms is a well-established technique throughout the medical and surgical communities. Although increasingly indicated, this technique does have some limitations. Because intervention is commonly performed under fluoroscopic control, two-dimensional (2D) visualization of the aneurysm requires the injection of a contrast agent. The projective nature of this imaging modality inevitably leads to topographic errors, and does not give information on arterial wall quality at the time of deployment. A specially-adapted intraoperative navigation interface could increase deployment accuracy and reveal such information, which preoperative three-dimensional (3D) imaging might otherwise provide. One difficulty is the precise matching of preoperative data (images and models) and intraoperative observations affected by anatomical deformations due to tool-tissue interactions. Our proposed solution involves a finite element-based preoperative simulation of tool/tissue interactions, its adaptive tuning regarding patient specific data, and the matching with intra-operative data. The biomechanical model was first tuned on a group of 10 patients and assessed on a second group of 8 patients. PMID:23269745

  16. Retracted: Reversal of Spinal Cord Ischemia Following Endovascular Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Hyperbaric Oxygen and Therapeutic Hypothermia.

    PubMed

    Urquieta, Emmanuel; Jye Poi, Mun; Varon, Joseph; Lin, Peter H

    2015-12-14

    This article has been officially retracted. The senior author, Emmanuel Urquieta, of the article entitled, "Reversal of Spinal Cord Ischemia Following Endovascular Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Hyperbaric Oxygen and Therapeutic Hypothermia," has requesed that the article, published online ahead of print (DOI: 10.1089/ther.2015.0025), be retracted because he discovered one of his coauthors mistakenly submitted the same article to the Journal of Vascular Surgery due to a miscommunication between them. The editorial leadership of Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management agree that the article must be retracted as a matter of proper scientific publishing protocol whereby an article may not be simultaneously submitted to two journals. The Editors commend Dr. Urquieta for willingly bringing this situation to their attention. Dr. Urquieta and his coauthors sincerely apologize to the Editors and the readership of Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management.

  17. Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with horseshoe kidney: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Volpe, Piero; Nano, Giovanni; Dalainas, Ilias; Palazzo, Vincenzo; Casana, Renato; Paroni, Giovanni

    2006-01-01

    A horseshoe kidney poses special problems during treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and there is much controversy about the most suitable method of repair. We report the case of a 65-year-old man with a horseshoe kidney, in whom an AAA was treated with a unibody bifurcated endograft. During the procedure, the two anomalous renal arteries were sacrificed. Although there was transient elevation of the creatinine levels, the patient was discharged with normal renal function and no endoleak from the accessory renal arteries. Thus, when two normal and two accessory renal arteries arise from the non-aneurysmatic proximal aortic neck, providing that preoperative kidney function is normal, it seems that the treatment can be safely carried out using an endovascular technique and excluding the accessory renal arteries. This case supports the feasibility of endovascular surgery for the treatment of AAA in the presence of a horseshoe kidney.

  18. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and prolonged hospitalization: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Di Palma, Adam; Sebajang, Herawaty; Schwenter, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection typically affecting immunocompromised hosts. One form of the disease affects the gastrointestinal tract. We present the case of a 70-year old patient with no recognized risk factors that developed gastrointestinal mucormycosis after urgent abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. There are several risk factors for this infection, such as hematological malignancies, solid organ or stem cell transplants and diabetes. The infectious agent causes thrombosis and necrosis of involved tissues and organs and carries a high mortality rate. Mucormycosis is an opportunistic infection which can sometimes affect the gastrointestinal tract. A high index of suspicion is necessary in order to make an early diagnosis and promptly start an appropriate treatment regimen. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  19. Risk prediction for perioperative mortality of endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Medicare population

    PubMed Central

    Giles, Kristina A.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.; O’Malley, A. James; Cotterill, Philip; Jhaveri, Ami; Pomposelli, Frank; Landon, Bruce E.

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The impact of risk factors upon perioperative mortality might differ for patients undergoing open versus endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In order to investigate this, we developed a differential predictive model of perioperative mortality after AAA repair. METHODS A total of 45,660 propensity score matched Medicare beneficiaries undergoing elective open or endovascular AAA repair from 2001–2004 were studied. Using half the dataset we developed a multiple logistic regression model for a matched cohort of open and EVAR patients and used this to derive an easily evaluable risk prediction score. The remainder of the dataset formed a validation cohort used to confirm results. RESULTS The derivation cohort included 11,415 open and 11,415 endovascular repairs. Perioperative mortality was 5.3% and 1.8% respectively. Independent predictors of mortality (RR, 95% CI) were open repair (3.2, 2.7–3.8), age (71–75 years 1.2, 0.9–1.6; 76–80 years 1.9, 1.4–2.5; >80 years 3.1, 2.4–4.2), female sex (1.5, 1.3–1.8), dialysis (2.6, 1.5–4.6), chronic renal insufficiency (2.0, 1.6–2.6), congestive heart failure (1.7, 1.5–2.1), and vascular disease (1.3, 1.2–1.6). There were no differential predictors of mortality across the two procedures. A simple scoring system was developed from a logistic regression model fit to both endovascular and open patients (area under the ROC curve of 72.6) from which low, medium, and high risk groups were developed. The absolute predicted mortality ranged from 0.7% for an EVAR patient ≤ 70 years of age with no comorbidities to 38% for an open patient > 80 with all the comorbidities considered. Although relative risk was similar among age groups, the absolute difference was greater for older patients (with higher baseline risk). CONCLUSIONS Mortality after AAA repair is predicted by comorbidities, sex, and age and these predictors have similar effects for both methods of AAA

  20. Pediatric isolated bilateral iliac aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Chithra, R; Sundar, R Ajai; Velladuraichi, B; Sritharan, N; Amalorpavanathan, J; Vidyasagaran, T

    2013-07-01

    Aneurysms are rare in children. Isolated iliac artery aneurysms are very rare, especially bilateral aneurysms. Pediatric aneurysms are usually secondary to connective tissue disorders, arteritis, or mycotic causes. We present a case of a 3-year-old child with bilateral idiopathic common iliac aneurysms that were successfully repaired with autogenous vein grafts. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. The Burden of Hard Atherosclerotic Plaques Does Not Promote Endoleak Development After Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Risk Stratification

    SciTech Connect

    Petersen, Johannes Glodny, Bernhard

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To objectify the influence of the atherosclerotic burden in the proximal landing zone on the development of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) or thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using objective aortic calcium scoring (ACS). Materials and Methods: This retrospective observation study included 267 patients who received an aortic endograft between 1997 and 2010 and for whom preoperative computed tomography (CT) was available to perform ACS using the CT-based V600 method. The mean follow-up period was 2 {+-} 2.3 years. Results: Type I endoleaks persisted in 45 patients (16.9%), type II in 34 (12.7%), type III in 8 (3%), and type IV or V in 3 patients, respectively (1.1% each). ACS in patients with type I endoleaks was not increased: 0.029 {+-} 0.061 ml compared with 0.075 {+-} 0.1349 ml in the rest of the patients, (p > 0.05; Whitney-Mann U-Test). There were significantly better results for the indication 'traumatic aortic rupture' than for the other indications (p < 0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, age was an independent risk factor for the development of type I endoleaks in the thoracic aorta (Wald 9.5; p = 0.002), whereas ACS score was an independent protective factor (Wald 6.9; p = 0.009). In the abdominal aorta, neither age nor ACS influenced the development of endoleaks. Conclusion: Contrary to previous assumptions, TEVAR and EVAR can be carried out without increasing the risk of an endoleak of any type, even if there is a high atherosclerotic 'hard-plaque' burden of the aorta. The results are significantly better for traumatic aortic.

  2. Short- and midterm results of the fascia suture technique for closure of femoral artery access sites after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Montán, Carl; Lehti, Leena; Holst, Jan; Björses, Katarina; Resch, Timothy A

    2011-12-01

    To evaluate the midterm outcomes and potential risk factors associated with the fascia suture technique (FST) for closure of femoral artery access sites after percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Between April 2007 and April 2008, 100 consecutive EVAR cases were evaluated retrospectively. A third of the procedures were emergent (16 ruptured aneurysms). Of the 187 femoral access sites, 160 (85.5%) were closed by the FST as a first choice. Pre- and postoperative chart and imaging data were collected from computerized medical records for analysis of demographics and the rate of complications (bleeding, infection, thrombosis, pseudoaneurysms, and stenosis). Preoperative risk factors for FST failure were analyzed with regard to obesity (based on the subcutaneous fat layer), plaque at the femoral access site, and stenosis based on the pre- and 1-year postoperative computed tomography scans. Of the 160 FST closures, 146 (91.3%) were technically successful. The 14 (8.8%) technical failures were converted to open cutdown intraoperatively because of bleeding (11, 6.8%), inadequate limb perfusion (2, 1.2%), and a broken guidewire (1, 0.6%). Two (1.2%) pseudoaneurysms required surgical repair after 2 weeks. Data from the 1-year follow-up showed no signs of increased stenosis, thrombosis, or formation of plaque. Nine small (<1 cm(3)) pseudoaneurysms were detected and managed conservatively. No preoperative risk factors were associated with FST failure. The fascia suture technique seems to be safe, effective, and simple to use for closing percutaneous access sites after EVAR. Complications are rare, and the outcome is not affected by obesity, femoral calcification, or femoral artery stenosis.

  3. Medium-Term Outcomes Following Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms with an Unfavourable Proximal Neck

    SciTech Connect

    Saha, Prakash Hughes, John Patel, Ashish S. Donati, Tommaso Sallam, Morad Patel, Sanjay D. Bell, Rachel E.; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Modarai, Bijan Zayed, Hany A.

    2015-08-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to evaluate medium-term outcomes following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) with unfavourable neck anatomy using stent grafts with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter.Materials and MethodsA retrospective review of 27 patients who underwent elective EVAR between 2006 and 2008 using a stent graft with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter was carried out. All patients had computed tomography angiography (CTA) for procedure planning, and detailed assessment of the aneurysm neck was performed using a three-dimensional CTA workstation. Patients were followed up with CTA at 3 and 12 months and annual duplex thereafter.ResultsThe median aneurysm diameter was 7 cm, and the median aneurysm neck diameter was 31 mm. Cook Zenith stent grafts were used in all patients, with a proximal diameter of 36 mm (n = 25) and 40 mm (n = 2). Primary and assisted primary technical success rates were 74 and 93 %, respectively. The follow-up period ranged from 62 to 84 months, with a median of 72 months. 15 patients died during follow-up. Two patients died from aortic rupture, and the remaining patients died from cardiac disease (n = 4), chest sepsis (n = 6), cancer (n = 2) and renal failure (n = 1). Complications included type I endoleak (n = 5), limb occlusion (n = 2), limb stenosis (n = 2), limb kinking (n = 1), dissection of an artery (n = 1), occlusion of a femorofemoral cross-over graft (n = 1) and poor attachment of a distal limb (n = 1).ConclusionsEVAR using stent grafts in the presence of an unfavourable neck has a high risk of complications. Medium-term survival in this group is low but mainly due to patient co-morbidities.

  4. Postoperative initial 2-day blood pressure management facilitates the shrinkage of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aneurysm repair by reducing the incidence of type II endoleak.

    PubMed

    Miura, Shuhei; Kurimoto, Yoshihiko; Ujihira, Kosuke; Iba, Yutaka; Maruyama, Ryushi; Yamada, Akira; Nojima, Masanori; Nakanishi, Katsuhiko

    2017-08-11

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of initial 2-day blood pressure management (BPM) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the incidence of subsequent type II endoleak (T2E) and shrinkage of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac diameter. We reviewed 136 patients who underwent EVAR for atherosclerotic AAA between July 2008 and July 2014 with one of three stent grafts (Excluder [W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz], Powerlink [Endologix Inc, Irvine, Calif], and Endurant [Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif]). Starting from 2013, the mean blood pressure of 76 participating patients (treatment group) was maintained at 75 to 90 mm Hg for the initial 48 hours after EVAR. The incidence of T2E at 7 days and AAA sac diameter 12 months after EVAR were evaluated using computed tomography scanning. The results so obtained were then compared with those of the control group composed of 60 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR before 2013. The incidence of T2E at 7 days was significantly lower in patients who received treatment (treatment group, 19.7%; control group, 40.0%; P = .013), and AAA sac diameter at 12 months in the treatment group had a mean decrease of 5.1 mm compared with the mean 2.2 mm in the control group (P = .004). In multivariate regression analysis, BPM was significantly related to the reduction of incidence of T2E at 7 days (odds ratio, 0.31; P = .007) and a decrease in AAA sac diameter at 12 months (P = .005). In addition, although the use of Endurant had less effect, the use of Excluder under controlled blood pressure conditions improved the incidence of T2E from 80% to 23% compared with those under normal postoperative management (P = .001). The initial 2-day postoperative BPM might have positive effects, such as lower incidence of T2E and facilitation of AAA sac shrinkage. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The Incidence of Ischemic Colitis after Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms is Decreasing in the Endovascular Era.

    PubMed

    Desikan, S K; Singh, N; Steele, S R; Tran, N; Quiroga, E; Danaher, P; Garland, B T; Starnes, B W

    2017-09-14

    Ischemic colitis (IC) is a well-described complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA). The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of IC in patients with rAAA undergoing open (OR) vs. endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at a single institution. In addition, we analyzed the incidence of ischemic colitis pre- and post- implementation of a formal rupture AAA protocol (rEVAR protocol). A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on all patients presenting with rAAA to our institution between Jan 2002 and Oct 2013 was performed. Variables were analyzed for association with IC. Comparisons were made using Pearson's chi-squared test or Fisher exact test for categorical variables, Student t-test for continuous variables, and logistic regression for multivariate analysis. Significance was set at p<0.05. 303 patients with rAAA presented over the 10 year study period. 191 patients underwent open repair and 89 patients underwent endovascular repair. 23 patients died either in the emergency department, en route to the operating room, or after choosing comfort care.Predictive factors of IC included EBL, corresponding need for resuscitation, and duration of procedure. Of patients who underwent open repair, the rate of ischemic colitis was 21% (40/191). This was significantly higher than patients who underwent EVAR, 7% (6/89), p<0.05. The type of intervention did not influence 30 -day mortality in patients with IC. However, only 17% (1/6) of patients who had IC following EVAR required colectomy vs. 48% (19/40) of patients with IC following OR (p=0.21). Implementation of our formal rEVAR protocol decreased the incidence of IC significantly from 37.1% (36/97) to 6.4% (10/157), p<0.001. The incidence of ischemic colitis has decreased significantly in the endovascular era, but continues to portend a poor prognosis. Implementation of a formal, multidisciplinary rEVAR protocol in our institution decreased the incidence of IC. Copyright © 2017

  6. Repair of Chronic Aneurysmal Aortic Dissection Using a Stent Graft and an Amplatzer(®) Vascular Plug: A Case Study.

    PubMed

    Kanaoka, Yuji; Ohki, Takao; Ozawa, Hirotsugu

    2017-02-01

    We report a case in which a stent graft and an Amplatzer(®) vascular plug (AVP) were effective for the treatment of chronic aneurysmal aortic dissection. The patient was a 52-year-old man. At 45 years of age, he developed acute aortic dissection, for which he underwent surgery 4 times with prosthetic graft replacement in the abdominal aorta, descending thoracic, ascending aorta (without neck branch reconstruction), and thoracoabdominal aorta with the reconstruction of the celiac, superior mesenteric, and bilateral renal arteries. At the time of thoracoabdominal aortic surgery, strong adhesion was evident, particularly in the thoracoabdominal area. The adhesion was dissected in a part of the chest, and prosthetic graft replacement was performed the following day. Subsequently, the dissection of the residual distal aortic arch enlarged, and the patient was examined at our hospital. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a small intimal tear at the site of anastomosis distal to the graft in the ascending aorta and a large intimal tear in the descending thoracic aorta with a maximum diameter of 67 mm. Furthermore, open repair by prosthetic graft replacement seemed difficult; therefore, treatment with stent grafting was considered. Because the prosthetic graft in the abdomen was extremely tortuous, stent-graft insertion via the femoral artery seemed to be impossible. The planned treatment involved the placement of a thoracic stent graft using the chimney technique which included reconstruction of the brachiocephalic artery and left common carotid arteries using chimney stent graft and coverage of the left subclavian artery. The thoracic stent graft was planned to be inserted via the abdominal prosthetic graft site because the abdominal prosthetic graft was crooked and was located close to the body surface. However, a small intimal tear distal to the graft in the ascending aorta which had not been revealed by intraoperative aortography was detected by the selective

  7. A Case of Successful Coil Embolization for a Late-Onset Type Ia Endoleak after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair with the Chimney Technique.

    PubMed

    Igari, Kimihiro; Kudo, Toshifumi; Toyofuku, Takahiro; Inoue, Yoshinori

    2016-01-01

    Juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (JRAAs) are challenging to treat by endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures. The chimney technique with EVAR (Ch-EVAR) is one of the feasible and less invasive treatments for JRAAs. However, the main concern of Ch-EVAR is the potential risk of "gutters," which can lead to type Ia endoleak (EL). Most type Ia ELs after Ch-EVAR procedures occurred intraoperatively, and these ELs could be treated using an endovascular technique. However, late-onset type Ia ELs could be extremely rare, which might have a fear of conservative treatment. Type Ia ELs are associated with an increased risk of aneurysm rupture; therefore reintervention is recommended as soon as possible, and we should be aware of the occurrence of type Ia ELs after the Ch-EVAR procedure.

  8. The use of lumbar drains in preventing spinal cord injury following thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Khan, Nickalus R; Smalley, Zachary; Nesvick, Cody L; Lee, Siang Liao; Michael, L Madison

    2016-09-01

    OBJECTIVE Paraplegia and paraparesis following aortic aneurysm repair occur at a substantially high rate and are often catastrophic to patients, their families, and the overall health care system. Spinal cord injury (SCI) following open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair is reported to be as high as 20% in historical controls. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of CSF drainage (CSFD) on SCI following TAAA repair. METHODS In August 2015 a systematic literature search was performed using clinicaltrials.gov , the Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE, and Scopus that identified 3478 articles. Of these articles, 10 met inclusion criteria. Random and fixed-effect meta-analyses were performed using both pooled and subset analyses based on study type. RESULTS The meta-analysis demonstrated that CSFD decreased SCI by nearly half (relative risk 0.42, 95% confidence interval 0.25-0.70; p = 0.0009) in the pooled analysis. This effect remained in the subgroup analysis of early SCI but did not remain significant in late SCI. CONCLUSIONS This meta-analysis showed that CSFD could be an effective strategy in preventing SCI following aortic aneurysm repair. Care should be taken to prevent complications related to overdrainage. No firm conclusions can be drawn about the newer endovascular procedures at the current time.

  9. Impact of serum high-mobility group box 1 protein elevation on oxygenation impairment after thoracic aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Kohno, Takashi; Anzai, Toshihisa; Shimizu, Hideyuki; Kaneko, Hidehiro; Sugano, Yasuo; Yamada, Shingo; Yoshikawa, Tsutomu; Ishizaka, Akitoshi; Yozu, Ryohei; Ogawa, Satoshi

    2011-05-01

    High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a late mediator of inflammatory responses that can cause acute lung injury. We examined the significance of serum HMGB1 elevation in the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and lung oxygenation impairment (LOI) after thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) repair. Serial measurements of the serum HMGB1 level and SIRS score for 7 days after surgery were determined in 20 patients with TAA who underwent surgical repair. Arterial oxygen tension was measured serially for at least 4 days after surgery, and LOI was defined as the lowest PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio ≤ 200 mmHg. The serum HMGB1 level was markedly increased after surgery, peaking on day 2, and remained significantly elevated on day 7. Peak HMGB1 level positively correlated with SIRS duration and the cumulative SIRS score during postoperative days 1-7 (P = 0.0013 and P = 0.0004, respectively). Peak HMGB1 level and cumulative SIRS score were higher in patients with LOI than in those without (P = 0.01 and P = 0.044, respectively). Peak HMGB1 level was negatively correlated with the lowest PaO(2)/FiO(2) ratio (P = 0.0077) and positively correlated with postoperative length of hospitalization (P = 0.042). A greater serum HMGB1 elevation after TAA repair was associated with more severe SIRS and a higher incidence of LOI. HMGB1 might play a key role in the pathogenesis of SIRS and LOI after surgical TAA repair.

  10. Comparative effect of propofol versus sevoflurane on renal ischemia/reperfusion injury after elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    PubMed Central

    Ammar, AS; Mahmoud, KM

    2016-01-01

    Background: Renal injury is a common cause of morbidity and mortality after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. Propofol has been reported to protect several organs from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced injury. We performed a randomized clinical trial to compare propofol and sevoflurane for their effects on renal I/R injury in patients undergoing elective AAA repair. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients scheduled for elective AAA repair were randomized to receive propofol anesthesia in group I or sevoflurane anesthesia in group II. Urinary specific kidney proteins (N-acetyl-beta-glucosamidase, alpha-1-microglobulin, glutathione transferase [GST]-pi, GST-alpha) were measured within 5 min of starting anesthesia as a base line (T0), at the end of surgery (T1), 8 h after surgery (T2), 16 h after surgery (T3), and 24 h postoperatively (T4). Serum pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin 1-β) were measured at the same time points. In addition, serum creatinine and cystatin C were measured before starting surgery as a baseline and at days 1, 3, and 6 after surgery. Results: Postoperative urinary concentrations of all measured kidney specific proteins and serum pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly lower in the propofol group. In addition, the serum creatinine and cystatin C were significantly lower in the propofol group compared with the sevoflurane group. Conclusion: Propofol significantly reduced renal injury after elective open AAA repair and this could have clinical implications in situations of expected renal I/R injury. PMID:27375385

  11. Remote ischemic preconditioning does not affect the incidence of acute kidney injury after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Murphy, Noelle; Vijayan, Ajith; Frohlich, Stephen; O'Farrell, Frank; Barry, Mary; Sheehan, Stephen; Boylan, John; Conlon, Niamh

    2014-10-01

    Open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is associated with a high risk of renal injury with few known strategies demonstrating a reduction in this risk. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been identified as having the potential to minimize organ injury following major vascular surgery. This trial investigated the potential for RIPC to attenuate renal and myocardial injury in patients undergoing elective open AAA repair. Prospective, randomized double-blinded control trial. Tertiary referral hospital. Sixty-two patients undergoing elective open AAA repair. RIPC was achieved via three 5-minute cycles of upper limb ischemia using a blood pressure cuff or control (sham cuff). Primary outcome was the occurrence of renal injury, as measured by an increase in creatinine during the first 4 postoperative days. Secondary outcomes included urinary neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI), occurrence of myocardial injury as defined by troponin rise, incidence of postoperative complications, and mortality. There was no difference in postoperative creatinine levels, NGAL levels, or the occurrence of AKI between the groups at any postoperative time point. Similarly, there was no difference in the occurrence of myocardial injury or mortality. Of note, 6 patients in the RIPC group, while no patient in the control group, experienced postoperative complications that required repeat surgical laparotomy, potentially masking any renoprotective effects of RIPC. RIPC did not reduce the risk of postoperative renal failure or myocardial injury in patients undergoing open AAA repair. The authors' results do not support the introduction of this technique to routine clinical practice. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Three-Year Outcomes With the Multilayer Flow Modulator for Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms: A Follow-up Report From the STRATO Trial.

    PubMed

    Vaislic, Claude D; Fabiani, Jean Noël; Chocron, Sidney; Robin, Jacques; Costache, Victor S; Villemot, Jean-Pierre; Alsac, Jean Marc; Leprince, Pascal N; Unterseeh, Thierry; Portocarrero, Eric; Glock, Yves; Rousseau, Hervé

    2016-10-01

    To evaluate midterm outcomes of endovascular repair of types II and III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) using the Multilayer Flow Modulator (MFM) in patients unsuitable for open surgery or fenestrated stent-grafts. In the prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized STRATO trial (EudraCT registration: 2009-013678-42; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01756911), 23 patients (mean age 75.8 years; 19 men) with Crawford type II and III TAAA (mean diameter 6.5 cm) were implanted between April 2010 and February 2011. Outcomes included all-cause mortality and stable aneurysm thrombosis with associated branch vessel patency. Through 36 months, there were 7 deaths (none confirmed as aneurysm-related), and no cases of spinal cord injury, device migration or fracture, or respiratory, renal, or peripheral complications. Three patients were lost to follow-up and 2 devices were explanted. The device was patent in the 11 remaining patients at 3 years. Stable aneurysm thrombosis was achieved for 15 of 20 patients at 12 months, 12 of 13 at 24 months, and 10 of 11 at 36 months. The rate of branch patency was 96% at 12 months (primary patency), 100% at 24 months, and 97% at 36 months. Nine patients suffered from endoleaks (attachment site or device overlap); 9 patients underwent 11 reinterventions (3 surgical). Maximum aneurysm diameter was stable for 18 of 20 patients at 12 months, 11 of 13 at 24 months, and 9 of 11 at 36 months. For 10 patients with computed tomography at 36 months, the mean ratio of aneurysm flow volume to total volume had decreased by 83%; the mean ratio of thrombus volume to total volume increased by 159%. Through 3 years, endovascular repair with the MFM appears to be safe and effective while successfully maintaining branch vessel patency. © The Author(s) 2016.

  13. Flow diversion in vasculitic intracranial aneurysms? Repair of giant complex cavernous carotid aneurysm in polyarteritis nodosa using Pipeline embolization devices: first reported case.

    PubMed

    Martinez Santos, Jaime; Kaderali, Zul; Spears, Julian; Rubin, Laurence A; Marotta, Thomas R

    2016-07-01

    Intracranial aneurysms in polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) are exceedingly rare lesions with unpredictable behavior that pose real challenges to microsurgical and endovascular interventions owing to their inflammatory nature. We introduce a safe and effective alternative for treating these aneurysms using Pipeline embolization devices (PEDs). A 20-year-old man presented with diplopia, headaches, chronic abdominal pain, and weight loss. Diagnostic evaluations confirmed PAN, including bilateral giant cavernous carotid aneurysms. Cyclophosphamide and steroids achieved significant and sustained clinical improvement, with a decision to follow the aneurysms serially. Seven years later the left unruptured aneurysm enlarged, causing a sudden severe headache and a cavernous sinus syndrome. Treatment of the symptomatic aneurysm was pursued using flow diversion (PED) and the internal carotid artery was successfully reconstructed with a total of four overlapping PEDs. At 6 months follow-up, complete exclusion of the aneurysm was demonstrated, with symptomatic recovery. This is the first description of using a flow-diverting technique in an inflammatory vasculitis. In this case, PEDs not only attained a definitive closure of the aneurysm but also reconstructed the damaged and fragile arterial segment affected with vasculitis.

  14. Flow diversion in vasculitic intracranial aneurysms? Repair of giant complex cavernous carotid aneurysm in polyarteritis nodosa using Pipeline embolization devices: first reported case.

    PubMed

    Santos, Jaime Martinez; Kaderali, Zul; Spears, Julian; Rubin, Laurence A; Marotta, Thomas R

    2015-05-29

    Intracranial aneurysms in polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) are exceedingly rare lesions with unpredictable behavior that pose real challenges to microsurgical and endovascular interventions owing to their inflammatory nature. We introduce a safe and effective alternative for treating these aneurysms using Pipeline embolization devices (PEDs). A 20-year-old man presented with diplopia, headaches, chronic abdominal pain, and weight loss. Diagnostic evaluations confirmed PAN, including bilateral giant cavernous carotid aneurysms. Cyclophosphamide and steroids achieved significant and sustained clinical improvement, with a decision to follow the aneurysms serially. Seven years later the left unruptured aneurysm enlarged, causing a sudden severe headache and a cavernous sinus syndrome. Treatment of the symptomatic aneurysm was pursued using flow diversion (PED) and the internal carotid artery was successfully reconstructed with a total of four overlapping PEDs. At 6 months follow-up, complete exclusion of the aneurysm was demonstrated, with symptomatic recovery. This is the first description of using a flow-diverting technique in an inflammatory vasculitis. In this case, PEDs not only attained a definitive closure of the aneurysm but also reconstructed the damaged and fragile arterial segment affected with vasculitis.

  15. Duplex Ultrasound versus Computed Tomography for the Postoperative Follow-Up of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. Where Do We Stand Now?

    PubMed Central

    Karanikola, Evridiki; Dalainas, Ilias; Karaolanis, Georgios; Zografos, Georgios; Filis, Konstantinos

    2014-01-01

    In the last decade, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has rapidly developed to be the preferred method for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with suitable anatomy. EVAR offers the advantage of lower perioperative mortality and morbidity but carries the cost of device-related complications such as endoleak, graft migration, graft thrombosis, and structural graft failure. These complications mandate a lifelong surveillance of EVAR patients and their endografts. The purpose of this study is to review and evaluate the safety of color-duplex ultrasound (CDU) as compared with computed tomography (CT), based on the current literature, for post-EVAR surveillance. The post-EVAR follow-up modalities, CDU versus CT, are evaluated questioning three parameters: (1) accuracy of aneurysm size, (2) detection and classification of endoleaks, and (3) detection of stent-graft deformation. Studies comparing CDU with CT scan for investigation of post-EVAR complications have produced mixed results. Further and long-term research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of CDU versus CT, before CDU can be recommended as the primary imaging modality for EVAR surveillance, in place of CT for stable aneurysms. PMID:25317026

  16. Duplex Ultrasound versus Computed Tomography for the Postoperative Follow-Up of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. Where Do We Stand Now?

    PubMed

    Karanikola, Evridiki; Dalainas, Ilias; Karaolanis, Georgios; Zografos, Georgios; Filis, Konstantinos

    2014-09-01

    In the last decade, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has rapidly developed to be the preferred method for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with suitable anatomy. EVAR offers the advantage of lower perioperative mortality and morbidity but carries the cost of device-related complications such as endoleak, graft migration, graft thrombosis, and structural graft failure. These complications mandate a lifelong surveillance of EVAR patients and their endografts. The purpose of this study is to review and evaluate the safety of color-duplex ultrasound (CDU) as compared with computed tomography (CT), based on the current literature, for post-EVAR surveillance. The post-EVAR follow-up modalities, CDU versus CT, are evaluated questioning three parameters: (1) accuracy of aneurysm size, (2) detection and classification of endoleaks, and (3) detection of stent-graft deformation. Studies comparing CDU with CT scan for investigation of post-EVAR complications have produced mixed results. Further and long-term research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of CDU versus CT, before CDU can be recommended as the primary imaging modality for EVAR surveillance, in place of CT for stable aneurysms.

  17. Immunotherapy in allergy and cellular tests: state of art.

    PubMed

    Chirumbolo, Salvatore

    2014-01-01

    The basophil activation test (BAT) is an in vitro assay where the activation of basophils upon exposure to various IgE-challenging molecules is measured by flow cytometry. It is a cellular test able to investigate basophil behavior during allergy and allergy immunotherapy. A panoply of critical issues and suggestive advances have rendered this assay a promising yet puzzling tool to endeavor a full comprehension of innate immunity of allergy desensitization and manage allergen or monoclonal anti-IgE therapy. In this review a brief state of art of BAT in immunotherapy is described focusing onto the analytical issue pertaining BAT performance in allergy specific therapy.

  18. Emergency Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in a Patient with Failing Heart: Axillofemoral Bypass Using a Centrifugal Pump Combined with Levosimendan for Inotropic Support

    PubMed Central

    Michalek, Pavel; Sebesta, Pavel; Stern, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We describe the case of an 83-year-old patient requiring repair of a large symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The patient was known to have coronary artery disease (CAD) with symptoms and signs of significant myocardial dysfunction, left-heart failure, and severe aortic insufficiency. The procedure was performed with the help of both mechanical and pharmacological circulatory support. Distal perfusion was provided by an axillofemoral bypass with a centrifugal pump, with dobutamine and levosimendan administered as pharmacological inotropic support. The patient's hemodynamic status was monitored with continuous cardiac output monitoring and transesophageal echocardiography. No serious circulatory complications were recorded during the perioperative and postoperative periods. This paper suggests a potential novel approach to combined circulatory support in patients with heart failure, scheduled for open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. PMID:22937463

  19. Endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms with a novel multibranch stent-graft design: preliminary experience.

    PubMed

    Kinstner, C; Teufelsbauer, H; Neumayer, C; Domenig, C; Wressnegger, A; Wolf, F; Funovics, M

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this paper was to report our preliminary experience in outcome, safety and mid-term results in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) with a novel multibranchstentgraft (E-xtra DESIGN ENGINEERING, JOTEC, Germany). Eight patients (mean age 66 years, 2 female) with TAAA (Crawford type I: 2 cases, type III: 3 cases, type IV: 3 cases), mean aneurysm diameter 61 mm, growth over 5 mm per year were treated. Implantation was performed under general anesthesia and surgical exposition of the common femoral artery. Brachial access was percutaneous in 5/8 patients. Balloon-expandable (Advanta V12) bridging stent-grafts were employed and lined with self-expanding nitinol stents. All patients except type IV TAAA received a spinal drainage catheter. The device was successfully deployed in 8/8 patients. 29/32 visceral branches were engaged. One stenosed celiac trunk was left untreated without further consequences, two renal arteries which could not be cannulated were revascularized with iliorenal bypass. One patient needed surgical revision of groin hematoma, one patient suffered from permanent protopathic sensory deficit. No renal complications occurred. Since the primary implantation was deliberately kept short and amount of contrast agent was minimised, four patients needed a secondary percutaneous procedure (Palmaz stent implantation for type I endoleak, re-PTA or additional bridging stent-graft implantation for type III endoleak). The assisted primary success rate was 8/8. Mean follow-up was 18 months. Success was stable in 7/8 patients, one patient shows type V endoleak with 5mm sac expansion. No mortality or complication occurred during follow-up. The JOTEC E-xtra DESIGN ENGINEERING multibranch stent-graft is a promising new candidate for endovascular TAAA treatment with sufficient safety and efficacy. Its short delivery time suggests its use in patients with rapid aneurysm growth or high anxiety.

  20. Combined Laparoscopic and Percutaneous Treatment of a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Karkos, Christos D. Hayes, Paul D.; Lloyd, David M.; Fishwick, Guy; White, Steve A.; Quadar, Salman; Sayers, Robert D.

    2005-06-15

    We describe a novel approach in treating a persistent type II endoleak related to the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and the lower lumbar arteries. The endoleak failed to thrombose following percutaneous IMA coil embolization. We proceeded to one-stage laparoscopic IMA division and intra-sac thrombin injection under direct laparoscopic vision and fluroscopy. A CT scan at 1 and 7 months post-intervention showed no evidence of endoleak and the growth of the aneurysm was arrested. This combined laparoscopic and percutaneous approach may be a useful treatment option in the management of persistent complex type II endoleak. Its durability, however has yet to be defined.

  1. Combined laparoscopic and percutaneous treatment of a type II endoleak following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Karkos, Christos D; Hayes, Paul D; Lloyd, David M; Fishwick, Guy; White, Steve A; Quadar, Salman; Sayers, Robert D

    2005-01-01

    We describe a novel approach in treating a persistent type II endoleak related to the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and the lower lumbar arteries. The endoleak failed to thrombose following percutaneous IMA coil embolization. We proceeded to one-stage laparoscopic IMA division and intra-sac thrombin injection under direct laparoscopic vision and fluroscopy. A CT scan at 1 and 7 months post-intervention showed no evidence of endoleak and the growth of the aneurysm was arrested. This combined laparoscopic and percutaneous approach may be a useful treatment option in the management of persistent complex type II endoleak. Its durability, however has yet to be defined.

  2. Plasma and Tissue Pharmacokinetics of Cefazolin in Patients Undergoing Elective and Semielective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Open Repair Surgery ▿

    PubMed Central

    Douglas, Alexandra; Udy, Andrew A.; Wallis, Steven C.; Jarrett, Paul; Stuart, Janine; Lassig-Smith, Melissa; Deans, Renae; Roberts, Michael S.; Taraporewalla, Kersi; Jenkins, Jason; Medley, Gregory; Lipman, Jeffrey; Roberts, Jason A.

    2011-01-01

    Surgical site infections are common, so effective antibiotic concentrations at the sites of infection, i.e., in the interstitial fluid (ISF), are required. The aim of this study was to evaluate contemporary perioperative prophylactic dosing of cefazolin by determining plasma and subcutaneous ISF concentrations in patients undergoing elective/semielective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) open repair surgery. This was a prospective pharmacokinetic study in a tertiary referral hospital. Cefazolin (2 g) was administered as a 3-min slow bolus 30 min prior to incision in 12 enrolled patients undergoing elective/semielective AAA open repair surgery. Serial blood, urine, and ISF (via microdialysis) samples were collected and analyzed using a validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. Cardiac output was determined using pulse waveform contours with Vigileo. The recruited patients had a median (interquartile range) age of 70 (66 to 76) years and weight of 88 (81 to 95) kg. The median (interquartile range) terminal volume of distribution was 0.14 (0.11 to 0.15) liter/kg, total clearance was 0.05 (0.03 to 0.06) liter/h, and minimum observed unbound concentration was 5.7 (5.4 to 8.1) mg/liter. The penetration of unbound drug from plasma to ISF was 85% (78% to 106%). We found correlations present, albeit weak, between cefazolin clearance and cardiac output (r2 = 0.11) and urinary creatinine clearance (r2 = 0.12). In conclusion, we found that a single 2-g dose of cefazolin administered 30 min before incision provides plasma and ISF concentrations in excess of the likely MICs for susceptible pathogens in patients undergoing AAA open repair surgery. PMID:21859939

  3. Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair with the Talent Stent-Graft: Outcomes in Patients with Large Iliac Arteries

    SciTech Connect

    England, Andrew; Butterfield, John S.; McCollum, Charles N.; Ashleigh, Raymond J.

    2008-07-15

    The purpose of this study is to report outcomes following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with ectatic common iliac arteries (CIAs). Of 117 AAA patients treated by EVAR between 1998 and 2005, 87 (74%) had CIAs diameters <18 mm and 30 (26%) patients had one or more CIA diameters >18 but <25 mm. All patients were treated with Talent stent-grafts, 114 bifurcated and 3 AUI devices. Departmental databases and patient records were reviewed to assess outcomes. Technical success, iliac-related outcome, and iliac-related reintervention (IRSI) were analyzed. Patients with EVAR extending into the external iliac artery were excluded. Median (range) follow-up for the study group was 24 (1-84) months. Initial technical success was 98% for CIAs <18 mm and 100% for CIAs {>=}18 mm (p = 0.551). There were three distal type I endoleaks (two in the ectatic group) and six iliac limb occlusions (one in an ectatic patient); there were no statistically significant differences between groups (p = 0.4). There were nine IRSIs (three stent-graft extensions, six femorofemoral crossover grafts); three of these patients had one or both CIAs {>=}18 mm (p = 0.232). One-year freedom from IRSI was 92% {+-} 3% and 84% {+-} 9% for the <18-mm and {>=}18-mm CIA groups, respectively (p = 0.232). We conclude that the treatment of AAA by EVAR in patients with CIAs 18-24 mm appears to be safe and effective, however, it may be associated with more frequent reinterventions.

  4. Noninvasive vascular ultrasound elastography applied to the characterization of experimental aneurysms and follow-up after endovascular repair.

    PubMed

    Fromageau, Jérémie; Lerouge, Sophie; Maurice, Roch Listz; Soulez, Gilles; Cloutier, Guy

    2008-11-21

    Experimental and simulation studies were conducted to noninvasively characterize abdominal aneurysms with ultrasound (US) elastography before and after endovascular treatment. Twenty three dogs having bilateral aneurysms surgically created on iliac arteries with venous patches were investigated. In a first set of experiments, the feasibility of elastography to differentiate vascular wall elastic properties between the aneurismal neck (healthy region) and the venous patch (pathological region) was evaluated on six dogs. Lower strain values were found in venous patches (p < 0.001). In a second set of experiments, 17 dogs having endovascular repair (EVAR) by stent graft (SG) insertion were examined three months after SG implantation. Angiography, color Doppler US, examination of macroscopic sections and US elastography were used. The value of elastography was validated with the following end points by considering a solid thrombus of a healed aneurysm as a structure with small deformations and a soft thrombus associated with endoleaks as a more deformable tissue: (1) the correlation between the size of healed organized thrombi estimated by elastography and by macroscopic examinations; (2) the correlation between the strain amplitude measured within vessel wall elastograms and the leak size; and (3) agreement on the presence and size of endoleaks as determined by elastography and by combined reference imaging modalities (angiography + Doppler US). Mean surfaces of solid thrombi estimated with elastography were found correlated with those measured on macroscopic sections (r = 0.88, p < 0.001). Quantitative strain values measured within the vessel wall were poorly linked with the leak size (r = 0.12, p = 0.5). However, the qualitative evaluation of leak size in the aneurismal sac was very good, with a Kappa agreement coefficient of 0.79 between elastography and combined reference imaging modalities. In summary, complementing B-scan and color Doppler, noninvasive US

  5. [Anesthesia for total and descending aorta replacement and aortic valve replacement for post-repair aneurysm of coarctation of aorta and aortic stenosis].

    PubMed

    Furuichi, Yuko; Shimizu, Jun; Sakamoto, Atsuhiro

    2012-04-01

    We experienced anesthesia for total arch and descending aorta replacement and aortic valve replacement for post-repair aneurysm of coarctation of aorta and aortic stenosis. Because there was possibility that post coarctectomy syndrome would occur after repair of coarctation of aorta, administration of depressor that acts on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and careful observation were needed postoperatively. In consideration of the development of collateral vessels, preoperative imaging evaluation was added and operative method in cardiopulmonary bypass was adjusted. Careful preoperative evaluation is very important in cardiac anesthesia.

  6. Simulation-based training to teach open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair to surgical residents requires dedicated faculty instruction.

    PubMed

    Robinson, William P; Baril, Donald T; Taha, Odette; Schanzer, Andres; Larkin, Anne C; Bismuth, Jean; Mitchell, Erica L; Messina, Louis M

    2013-07-01

    We assessed the impact of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)-specific simulation training on resident performance in simulated open AAA repair (SOAAAR) and determined whether simulation training required dedicated faculty instruction. We randomized 18 residents (postgraduate years 3-5) to an AAA simulation course consisting of two mandatory practice sessions proctored either by a surgical skills lab coordinator (Group A, n = 8) or by a vascular surgery faculty instructor (Group B, n = 10). All residents received a detailed manual and video demonstrating the technique of open AAA repair. Using a validated tool, vascular faculty who were blinded to resident identity, level of training, and randomization status graded SOAAAR performance via videos that were recorded before and after the course. Characteristics and baseline scores between Groups A and B were not different. Postcourse, there was a no significant improvement in performance in Group A. Group B performance was improved significantly from baseline with regard to task-specific checklist scores (44.1 ± 6.3 vs 34.9 ± .5; P = .02), global rating scores (28.4 ± .6 vs 25.3 ± 5.0; P = .049), and overall assessment of operative competence (P = .02). Time to complete SOAAAR improved in both groups (P = .02). Baseline performance varied significantly with year of training as measured by task-specific checklist scores, global rating scores, final product analysis, time to complete repair, and overall operative competence. Improvement varied inversely with year of training (P < .05) and postcourse scores were equivalent for postgraduate year 3-5 residents. An AAA-specific simulation training course improved resident performance in simulated open AAA repair. Dedicated faculty instruction during the simulation training was required for significant improvement in resident performance. The impact of simulation training was greatest in more junior residents. Procedure-specific simulation training with dedicated faculty can

  7. Preliminary results of a prospective randomized trial of restrictive versus standard fluid regime in elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    McArdle, Geralde T; McAuley, Daniel F; McKinley, Andrew; Blair, Paul; Hoper, Margaret; Harkin, Denis W

    2009-07-01

    Open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is associated with a significant morbidity (primarily respiratory and cardiac complications) and an overall mortality rate of 4% to 10%. We tested the hypothesis that perioperative fluid restriction would reduce complications and improve outcome after elective open AAA repair. In a prospective randomized control trial, patients undergoing elective open infra-renal AAA repair were randomized to a "standard" or "restricted" perioperative fluid administration group. Primary outcome measure was rate of major complications (MC) after AAA repair and secondary outcome measures included: Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score; FiO2/PO2 ratio; Urinary Albumin/Creatinine Ratio; Length-of-stay in, intensive care unit, high dependency unit, in-hospital. This prospective Randomized Controlled Trial was registered in a publicly accessible database and has the following ID number ISRCTN27753612. Overall 22 patients were randomized, 1 was excluded on a priori criteria, leaving standard group (11) and restricted group (10) for analysis. No significant difference was noted between groups in respect to age, gender, American Society Anesthesiology class, Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the Enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity scores, operation time, and operation blood loss. There were no in-hospital deaths and no 30-day mortality. The cumulative fluid balance on day 5 postoperative was for standard group, 8242 +/- 714 mL, compared with restricted group, 2570 +/- 977 mL, P < 0.01. MC were significantly reduced in the restricted group (n = 10), 1 MC, compared with standard group (n = 11), 14 MC, P < 0.024. Total and postoperative length-of-stay in-hospital was significantly reduced in the restricted group, 9 +/- 1 and 8 +/- 1 days, compared with standard group, 18 +/- 5 and 16 +/- 5 days, P < 0.01 and P < 0.025, respectively. Serious complications are common after elective open AAA repair, and we have shown for the first

  8. Impact of surgeon and hospital experience on outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in New York State.

    PubMed

    Meltzer, Andrew J; Connolly, Peter H; Schneider, Darren B; Sedrakyan, Art

    2017-09-01

    This study aimed to assess the impact of the surgeon's and hospital's experience on the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of intact and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in New York State. New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System data were used to identify patients undergoing AAA repair from 2000 to 2011. Characteristics of the provider and hospital were determined by linkage to the New York Office of Professions and National Provider Identification databases. Distinct hierarchical logistic regression models for EVAR and OSR for intact and ruptured AAAs were created to adjust for the patient's comorbidities and to evaluate the impact of the surgeon's and hospital's experience on outcomes. The provider's years since medical school graduation as well as annual volume of the facility and provider are examined in tertiles. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals are presented. A total of 18,842 patients underwent AAA repair by a vascular surgeon. For intact AAAs (n = 17,118), 26.2% of patients underwent OSR and 73.8% underwent EVAR. For ruptured AAAs (n = 1724), 63.9% underwent OSR and 36.1% underwent EVAR. After intact AAA repair, OSR adjusted outcomes were significantly influenced by the surgeon's annual volume but not by the facility's volume or the surgeon's age. The lowest volume providers (1-4 OSRs) had higher in-hospital mortality rates than high-volume (>11 OSRs) surgeons (adjusted odds ratio, 1.87 [95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.17]). Low-volume providers also had higher odds of major complications (1.23 [1-1.51]). For patients with intact AAA undergoing EVAR, mortality was higher at low-volume facilities (2.6 [1.3-5.3] and 2.7 [1.5-4.8] for <33 EVARs and 34-81 EVARs, respectively). After OSR for ruptured AAA, treatment at a low-volume facility (<9 OSRs for ruptured AAA) was associated with greater mortality than at high-volume (>27 OSRs for ruptured AAA) centers (1.56 [1

  9. Identification of predictive CT angiographic factors in the development of high-risk type 2 endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair in patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Löwenthal, D; Herzog, L; Rogits, B; Bulla, K; Weston, S; Meyer, F; Halloul, Z; Pech, M; Ricke, J; Dudeck, O

    2015-01-01

    An extensive analysis of the value of computed tomography (CT) parameters as potential predictors of the clinical outcome of type 2 endoleaks after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Initial CT scans of 130 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) were retrospectively reviewed. On the basis of postoperative CT scans and angiographies, patients were stratified into a low-risk group (LRG; without or transient type 2 endoleak; n = 80) and a high-risk group (HRG, persistent type 2 endoleak or need for reintervention; n = 50). Statistical analysis comprised a univariate and multivariate analysis. Anatomical, thrombus-specific, as well as aortic side branch parameters were assessed on the initial CT scan. Of all anatomical parameters, the diameter of the immediate infrarenal aorta was significantly different in the univariate analysis (LRG 22.4 ± 3.8 mm; HRG 23.6 ± 2.5 mm; p = 0.03). The investigation of the thrombus-specific parameters showed a trend towards statistical significance for the relative thrombus load (LRG 31.7 ± 18.0%; HRG 25.3 ± 17.5%; p = 0.09). Assessment of aortic side branches revealed only for the univariate analysis significant differences in the patency of the inferior mesenteric artery (LRG 71.3%; HRG 92.0%; p = 0.003) and their diameter (LRG 3.3 ± 0.7 mm; HRG 3.8 ± 0.9 mm; p = 0.004). In contrast, the number of lumbar arteries (LAs; LRG 2.7 ± 1.4; HRG 3.6 ± 1.2; univariate: p = 0.01; multivariate: p = 0.006) as well as their diameter (LRG 2.1 ± 0.4 mm; HRG 2.4 ± 0.4 mm; univariate: p < 0.001; multivariate: p = 0.006) were highly significantly associated with the development of type 2 endoleaks of the HRG. The most important predictive factors for the development of high-risk type 2 endoleaks were mainly the number and the diameter of the LAs which perfused the AAA. • This study is a very detailed and comprehensive analysis of the

  10. Influence of different self-expanding stent-graft types on remodeling of the aortic neck after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Oberhuber, Alexander; Schwarz, Alexander; Hoffmann, Martin H; Klass, Oliver; Orend, Karl-Heinz; Mühling, Bernd

    2010-12-01

    To evaluate aortic neck changes, specifically aortic neck dilatation, over a 10-year period in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm. All patients who underwent elective EVAR at our institution from 1998 through 2007 were analyzed retrospectively. Among these, 103 patients (96 men; mean age 71 years, range 35-84) who received the 3 most frequently implanted self-expanding stent-grafts (35 Talent, 39 Excluder, and 29 Zenith) and had a minimum 3-month imaging follow-up at our department were selected for this study. All diameters were measured perpendicular to the centerline of flow on computed tomography; baseline data were derived from the first postoperative scan. Stent-graft migration was measured from the lowermost renal artery to the first strut of the stent-graft. Based on intra- and interobserver error measurements, a minimum change of 2 mm defined aortic neck dilatation. During a mean follow-up of 39.4 months (range 3-108.8), infrarenal aortic neck dilatation (>2 mm) was found in 10 patients (28.6%, 95% CI 14.6-46.3) in the Talent group, 4 (10.3%, 95% CI 2.9-24.2) in the Excluder group, and 9 (31.0%, 95% CI 15.3-50.8) in the Zenith group (p=0.299). In 7 (31%) of the 23 patients with neck dilatation, additional therapy was necessary. Suprarenal changes were found in 6 patients (17.1%, 95% CI 6.6-33.6), 8 patients (20.5%, 95% CI 9.3-36.5), and 5 patients (17.2%, 95% CI 5.8-35.8), respectively (p=0.218). Stent-graft migration >2 mm was seen in 2 (1.9%) of the 103 patients in follow-up. The overall endoleak rates were 37.1% for Talent, 30.8% for Excluder, and 37.9% for Zenith (p>0.05). Two patients were converted to open repair owing to Talent stent-graft migration and persistent type I leak (Zenith). The overall reintervention rate was 13.6% (13/103). Only a small number of the patients treated with self-expanding stent-grafts show notable infrarenal aortic neck dilatation, which does not appear to be related to

  11. MRI using ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide in patients under surveillance for abdominal aortic aneurysms to predict rupture or surgical repair: MRI for abdominal aortic aneurysms to predict rupture or surgery—the MA3RS study

    PubMed Central

    McBride, Olivia M B; Berry, Colin; Burns, Paul; Chalmers, Roderick T A; Doyle, Barry; Forsythe, Rachael; Garden, O James; Goodman, Kirsteen; Graham, Catriona; Hoskins, Peter; Holdsworth, Richard; MacGillivray, Thomas J; McKillop, Graham; Murray, Gordon; Oatey, Katherine; Robson, Jennifer M J; Roditi, Giles; Semple, Scott; Stuart, Wesley; van Beek, Edwin J R; Vesey, Alex; Newby, David E

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Population screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) halves the associated mortality and has led to the establishment of national screening programmes. Prediction of aneurysm growth and rupture is challenging and currently relies on serial diameter measurements with ultrasound. Recently, a novel MRI-based technique using ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) has demonstrated considerable promise as a method of identifying aneurysm inflammation and expansion. Methods and analysis The MA3RS study is a prospective observational multicentre cohort study of 350 patients with AAA in three centres across Scotland. All participants will undergo MRI with USPIO and aneurysm expansion will be measured over 2 years with CT in addition to standard clinical ultrasound surveillance. The relationship between mural USPIO uptake and subsequent clinical outcomes, including expansion, rupture and repair, will be evaluated and used to determine whether the technique augments standard risk prediction markers. To ensure adequate sensitivity to answer the primary question, we need to observe 130 events (composite of rupture or repair) with an estimated event rate of 41% over 2 years of follow-up. The MA3RS study is currently recruiting and expects to report in 2017. Discussion This is the first study to evaluate the use of USPIO-enhanced MRI to provide additional information to aid risk prediction models in patients with AAA. If successful, this study will lay the foundation for a large randomised controlled trial targeted at applying this technique to determine clinical management. Trial registration number Current Controlled Trials: ISRCTN76413758. PMID:25932334

  12. Clinical Outcomes After Endovascular Repair and Open Surgery to Treat Immunoglobulin G4-Related and Nonrelated Inflammatory Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Kasashima, Satomi; Kasashima, Fuminori; Kawashima, Atsuhiro; Endo, Masamitsu; Matsumoto, Yasushi; Kawakami, Kengo

    2017-09-01

    To compare the follow-up results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) vs open surgery (OS) for inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs) with regard to immunoglobulin G4-related diseases (IgG4-RD), which are fibrous inflammatory conditions characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentrations and numerous infiltrations of IgG4(+) plasmacytes. Between January 2005 and December 2015, 91 patients were treated with EVAR (begun in 2008) and 166 patients underwent OS for AAA. Forty of these 257 patients had IAAAs identified by a >2-mm thickness of periaortic fibrosis (PAF). Of these 40, 21 had pathologically confirmed IgG4-RD and/or serum IgG4 concentrations ≥135 mg/dL (classified IgG4+); 8 (mean age 76 years; 8 men) were treated with EVAR and 13 (mean age 71 years; 11 men) underwent OS. Of the 19 IgG4- patients with IAAA, 9 (mean age 71 years; 8 men) had EVAR and 10 (mean age 75 years; 9 men) had OS. The 4 subgroups were compared in terms of symptoms, complications, inflammation markers, PAF, and aneurysm diameter using the latest midterm follow-up data (12-24 months). Preoperative aneurysm diameter, PAF, gender, median age, symptoms, and median follow-up period were similar in all groups. Preoperative serum IgG4 was equal in EVAR and OS IgG4+ groups. Compared with the OS IgG4+ group, EVAR IgG4+ patients more frequently had postoperative IgG4 increase (5/8; p=0.006) and PAF progression (5/8; p=0.027), higher postoperative serum IgG4 levels (median 141 mg/dL; p=0.034), a thicker postoperative PAF (median 5.1 mm; p=0.016), and persistent clinical symptoms (p=0.006). Compared with EVAR IgG4- patients, the EVAR IgG4+ patients showed significantly thicker postoperative PAF (p=0.024) and larger increases in postoperative sac diameter (median +13.1 mm; p=0.030). Postoperative PAF and sac diameter frequently and synchronously became worse in the EVAR IgG4+ subgroup with increased IgG4 during follow-up. The rate of change in IgG4 significantly positively correlated with

  13. Endovascular aneurysm repair reverses the increased titer and the inflammatory activity of interleukin-1α in the serum of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Yates, Clara M; Abdelhamid, Mohamed; Adam, Donald J; Nash, Gerard B; Bradbury, Andrew W; Rainger, G Ed

    2011-08-01

    To examine serum cytokine/chemokine profiles before and 6 months after endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and to determine whether they correlate with serum inflammatory activity using an in vitro model of leukocyte recruitment. Serum IL-1-α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-γ, IP-10, MCP-1, TNF-α, and TNF-β were measured using a cytometry-based immunoassay. To test patient serum for direct inflammatory activity, human endothelial cells (EC) were stimulated with 30% patient serum for 24 hours. To test patient serum for the ability to prime EC for inflammatory responses, EC were incubated with 30% patient serum for 24 hours, followed by stimulation with low-dose (5 U/mL) TNF for 4 hours. Under both regimens of stimulation, the degree of EC activation was assessed by assaying neutrophil recruitment in a flow-based model. Only IL-1α (67.9 ± 10.4 pg/mL vs 41.9 ± 7.4 pg/mL) and IL-8 (51.5 ± 5.1 vs 32.6 ± 4.7 pg/mL) changed significantly after surgery. Patient serum alone was unable to activate EC. However, serum from both time points could prime EC responses to low-dose TNF. Thus, after priming with preoperative serum, EC stimulated with TNF could recruit 76.7 ± 12.0 neutrophils/mm(2) into the subendothelial cell space. Post-EVAR serum was significantly less effective (44.4 ± 10.2 neutrophils/mm(2)). This reduction in neutrophil recruitment correlated with reduced IL-1α in post-EVAR serum. The addition of a neutralizing antibody against IL-1α to pre-EVAR serum inhibited EC priming and neutrophil recruitment, strongly implying that this cytokine was the priming agent. EVAR reduces serum IL-1α and its inflammatory activity in patient serum. IL-1α is, therefore, implicated in the molecular pathology of AAAs and may have potential as a clinically useful biomarker. Copyright © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Endovascular repair of a ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in a patient with an ascending aortic aneurysm: hybrid open arch reconstruction with simultaneous thoracic stent-graft deployment within elephant trunk.

    PubMed

    Abou-Zamzam, Ahmed M; Zhang, Wayne; Wang, Nan; Razzouk, Anees

    2008-03-01

    Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta is now widely practiced. The extension of this technique to emergent settings is in evolution. Pathology of the ascending and transverse aortic arch may preclude thoracic aortic stent grafting due to the lack of a proximal seal zone. Several hybrid open/endovascular approaches have been described. We recently encountered the difficult case of a contained rupture of a 6.8 cm descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in a 60-year-old patient with aneurysmal degeneration of the ascending and transverse aortic arch. This patient was treated with a hybrid approach of open ascending and transverse arch reconstruction along with simultaneous stent-graft repair of the descending thoracic aorta. The open repair established an excellent proximal landing zone by use of the "elephant trunk" technique. This technique also allowed direct suture fixation of the stent graft to the arch graft to prevent stent-graft migration. This hybrid surgical approach was successful and avoided the cumulative morbidity that a left thoracoabdominal approach would have added to the sternotomy. Further creative uses of these hybrid techniques will undoubtedly serve a larger role in the treatment of thoracic aortic pathology.

  15. Postoperative pulmonary function after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidural versus intravenous analgesia.

    PubMed

    Panaretou, Venetiana; Toufektzian, Levon; Siafaka, Ioanna; Kouroukli, Irene; Sigala, Fragiska; Vlachopoulos, Charalambos; Katsaragakis, Stilianos; Zografos, George; Filis, Konstantinos

    2012-02-01

    We reviewed our experience to determine the effect of epidural versus intravenous analgesia on postoperative pulmonary function and pain control in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) undergoing open surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm. A retrospective study with prospective collection of data of 30 COPD patients undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, during a 5-year period. Group I (n = 16) was operated under combined general and epidural anesthesia and epidural analgesia; group II (n = 14), under general anesthesia and intravenous analgesia. All patients performed pulmonary function tests (PFTs) preoperatively and during postoperative days 1 and 4. Pain assessment was performed on all patients during rest and activity on postoperative days 1, 2, and 4 by using the visual analog scale. Data were recorded for PFTs, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, and postoperative pulmonary morbidity, including atelectasis and pulmonary infections. There was no in-hospital mortality. Hospital stay was similar between the two groups (group I: 7.1 ± 1.0, group II: 7.5 ± 1.1). Group I patients showed significantly increased postoperative PFT values compared with group II patients at all time points (postoperative day 1: FEV(1)(%): 32.3 ± 4.4 vs. 27.1 ± 1.6, p = 0.007, FVC(%): 35.4 ± 8,5 vs. 28.3 ± 2.3, p = 0.035; postoperative day 4: FEV(1)(%): 50.4 ± 6.8 vs. 41.9 ± 6.8, p = 0.017, FVC(%): 51.3 ± 8.3 vs. 43.0 ± 7.9, p = 0.046). However, postoperative clinical pulmonary morbidity was not different between groups. Group I patients showed significantly reduced postoperative pain at all time points compared with group II patients. These differences were more pronounced during postoperative days 1 and 2, both at rest (visual analog score: 1.1 ± 0.9 vs. 2.6 ± 1.6, p = 0.02 and 0.7 ± 0.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.1, p = 0.021, respectively) and during activity (2.3 ± 0.8 vs. 4.0 ± 1.7, p = 0.013 and 1.6 ± 0.7 vs. 2.8

  16. Prospective, multicenter study of endovascular repair of aortoiliac and iliac aneurysms using the Gore Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Darren B; Matsumura, Jon S; Lee, Jason T; Peterson, Brian G; Chaer, Rabih A; Oderich, Gustavo S

    2017-09-01

    The GORE EXCLUDER Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis (IBE; W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) is an iliac branch stent graft system designed to preserve internal iliac artery perfusion during endovascular repair of aortoiliac aneurysms (AIAs) and common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms (CIAAs). We report the 6-month primary end point results of the IBE 12-04 United States pivotal trial for endovascular treatment of AIAs and CIAAs using the IBE device. The trial prospectively enrolled 63 patients with AIA or CIAA who underwent implantation of the IBE device at 28 centers in the United States from 2013 to 2015. All patients underwent placement of a single IBE device. Twenty-two patients (34.9%) with bilateral CIAs were enrolled after undergoing staged coil or plug embolization (21 of 22) or surgical revascularization (1 of 22) of the contralateral internal iliac artery. Follow-up at 30 days and 6 months included clinical assessment and computed tomography angiography evaluation as assessed by an independent core laboratory. The primary effectiveness end point was freedom from IBE limb occlusion and reintervention for type I or III endoleak and ≥60% stenosis at 6 months, and the secondary effectiveness end point was freedom from new onset of buttock claudication on the IBE side at 6 months. Mean CIA diameter on the IBE side was 41.0 ± 11.4 mm (range, 25.2-76.3 mm). There were no procedural deaths, and technical success, defined as successful deployment and patency of all IBE components and freedom from type I or III endoleak, was 95.2% (60 of 63). Data for 61 patients were available for primary and secondary effectiveness end point analysis. Internal iliac limb patency was 95.1% (58 of 61), and no new type I or III endoleaks or device migrations were observed at 6 months. The three patients with loss of internal iliac limb patency were asymptomatic, and freedom from new-onset buttock claudication on the IBE side was 100% at 6 months. New-onset buttock

  17. Risk Factors for Survival following Open Surgical Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A 13-Year Experience

    PubMed Central

    Ozen, Anil; Hanedan, Muhammet Onur; Songur, Çetin Murat; Boysan, Emre; Unal, Ertekin Utku; Mola, Serkan; Erkengel, Halil Ibrahim; Kubat, Emre; Iscan, Zafer; Tutun, Ufuk; Sarıtas, Ahmet; Birincioglu, Cemal Levent

    2015-01-01

    Background: Surgical treatment of a ruptured abdominal aorta aneurysm (RAAA) continues to present a significant challenge to surgeons. There are some patient factors such as age and gender that cannot be changed, and comorbid conditions can be optimized but not eliminated. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors affecting high mortality after the surgical repair of an RAAA. Methods: Data on 121 patients who underwent surgical repair for RAAAs between January 1997 and June 2011 in our institution were collected retrospectively. All the patients had been diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) scans, and intraoperative extra-luminal blood was visualized intraoperatively. Variables studied comprised demographic data; preoperative, operative, and postoperative data; and the causes of mortality. Multivariate regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of mortality. Results: One hundred eight (89.2%) patients were male and 13 (10.7%) were female at an average age of 68.9 ± 10.5 years. Totally, 121 patients underwent surgery for RAAAs. Fifty-four patients had aortic tube grafts, 32 aortobiiliac grafts, 20 aortobifemoral grafts, 1 aortoiliac graft, and 1 aortofemoral graft for the replacement of the RAAAs. Seven patients had only surgical exploration. Operative mortality was 41.3% (50 patients). The factors associated with mortality were preoperative shock, free blood, positive inotropic agent, hematocrit value, and need for blood and plasma. In the multivariate analysis, preoperative shock and positive inotropic agents were found to be significant as the predictors of death (OR: 19.8, 95%CI: 3.2-122.8 and OR: 8.6, 95% CI: 2.9-26.3, respectively). Conclusion: This study revealed that the preoperative clinical findings affected the mortality associated with RAAAs. PMID:26697083

  18. Innovative Procedure for Inferior Mesenteric Artery Embolization Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug 4 during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Morikage, Noriyasu; Samura, Makoto; Takeuchi, Yuriko; Tanaka, Yuya; Ueda, Koshiro; Harada, Takasuke; Yamashita, Osamu; Suehiro, Kotaro; Hamano, Kimikazu

    2017-05-10

    The aim of this study is to present an easy and quick technique for embolization of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We performed IMA embolization using a conventional EVAR device alone with the femoral artery approach during EVAR, which has not been reported previously. First, a 16F or 18F DrySeal Sheath is inserted from the femoral artery into the site around the IMA. Second, cannulation is performed in the IMA with an angiography catheter having a 0.038-inch inner lumen that is used for gate cannulation during EVAR. Third, IMA embolization is performed using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug 4 (AVP4). The use of the DrySeal Sheath facilitates cannulation of the IMA, and its combination with a stent-graft balloon allows the AVP4 to be placed at the root of the IMA without deviation of the catheter. The success rate of the procedure was 90.9% (30/33 cases). The median procedure time was 11.6 min. No complications due to IMA embolization were noted. This procedure enables safe and quick placement of the AVP4 in the IMA using the catheter insertion approach from the femoral artery, which has been conventionally regarded as difficult. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Measurement of pulsatile haemodynamic forces in a model of a bifurcated stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Zhou, S N; How, T V; Black, R A; Vallabhaneni, S R; McWilliams, R; Brennan, J A

    2008-05-01

    The longitudinal haemodynamic force (LF) acting on a bifurcated stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has been estimated previously using a simple one-dimensional analytical model based on the momentum equation which assumes steady flow of an inviscid fluid. Using an instrumented stent-graft model an experimental technique was developed to measure the LF under pulsatile flow conditions. The physical stent-graft model, with main trunk diameter of 30mm and limb diameters of 12 mm, was fabricated from aluminium. Strain gauges were bonded on to the main trunk to determine the longitudinal strain which is related to the LF. After calibration, the model was placed in a pulsatile flow system with 40 per cent aqueous glycerol solution as the circulating fluid. The LF was determined using a Wheatstone bridge signal-conditioning circuit. The signals were averaged over 590 cardiac cycles and saved to a personal computer for subsequent processing. The LF was strongly dependent on the pressure but less so on the flowrate. The measured forces were higher than those predicted by the simplified mathematical model by about 6-18 per cent during the cardiac cycle. The excess measured forces are due to the viscous drag and the effect of pulsatile flow. The peak measured LF in this model of 30 mm diameter may exceed the fixation force of some current clinical endovascular stent grafts.

  20. Failure to Rescue: Physician Specialty and Mortality After Reoperation for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Repair

    PubMed Central

    Mell, Matthew W.; Bartels, Christie; Kind, Amy; Smith, Maureen A.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Complications after AAA repair resulting in re-intervention increase mortality risk, but have not been well-studied. Mortality after re-intervention is termed failure to rescue and may reflect differences related to quality management of the complication. This study describes the relationship between reoperation and mortality, and examines the effect of physician specialty on re-intervention rates and failure to rescue after AAA repair. Methods Data was extracted for 2616 patients who underwent intact AAA repair in 2005–2006 from a standard 5% random sample of all Medicare beneficiaries. Patient demographics, co-morbidities, hospital characteristics, repair type and specialty of operating surgeon were collected. Primary outcomes were 30-day reoperation and 30-day mortality. Logistic regression analysis identified characteristics predicting reoperation. Results A total of 156 reoperations were required in 142 (4.2%) patients. Early mortality was far more likely for patients requiring re-intervention than for those who did not (22.5% vs.1.5%; p<.0001). Of patients requiring reoperation, those requiring two or more interventions had an even higher mortality (54% vs. 20%; p=.0007). Despite equivalent reoperation rates between specialties (vascular surgeons 5.2%, others 5.6%, p=.67), the mortality after reoperation was nearly half for vascular surgeons compared with other specialties (16.2% vs. 32.3%; p=.04). The most common reason for reoperation was arterial complications (35.8%) accounting for the largest difference in mortality between vascular surgeons (30.7%) and other specialties (52.0%). Conclusions Postoperative complications requiring reoperation dramatically increase mortality after AAA repair. Despite similar complication rates, vascular surgeons showed lower mortality following reoperation. PMID:21498030

  1. Treating patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm with endovascular repair and the crossover chimney technique in the internal iliac artery to protect the unilateral internal iliac artery

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Xi; Li, Peng; Liu, Guang-Rui; Huang, Xiao-Yong; Huang, Lian-Jun

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore the treatment methods for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) that required occlusion of the openings of the bilateral internal iliac arteries (IIAs) in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to evaluate the efficacy of these treatments. Four patients with AAA were treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and the crossover chimney technique in the bilateral internal iliac arteries (IIAs). We inserted and released the abdominal aortic stent as usual and implanted the bypass stent graft simultaneously. The intraoperative immediate angiography showed complete isolation of the AAA and patency of the bypass. One month after surgery, it showed contrast engorgement in the bypass stent in three patients. The IIA on the bypass side and its branches had good developing. Another case in which we utilized a COOK stent, occlusion started at the opening of the bypass stent, with no occurrence of other complications. For patients in whom AAAs involve bilateral iliac arteries and the openings of the bilateral IIAs need to be occluded, EVAR and a crossover chimney technique can protect the unilateral IIA. PMID:26885136

  2. Aortic valve reimplantation for large root aneurysm and high-grade aortic regurgitation: incidence and implications of additional cusp and commissure repair.

    PubMed

    Kari, Fabian A; Siepe, Matthias; Rylski, Bartosz; Kueri, Sami; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm

    2015-05-01

    Large-sized root aneurysm and high-grade aortic regurgitation (AR) might be contraindications for a valve-sparing aortic root replacement procedure (V-SARR) and aortic valve repair. The impact of a combination of root reimplantation and additional cusp/commissure repair on valve sufficiency in this setting was investigated with respect to early- and mid-term functional outcome. Out of a cohort of 220 patients treated with V-SARR, 73 with an aneurysm size ≥ 55 mm were identified. As a cut-off for high-grade preoperative AR, a grade of ≥ 3 was defined. End points were absolute early and mid-term aortic regurgitation grades, new incidence of AR and AR progression. The mean echocardiographic follow-up time was 3.8 years. T-tests, Kaplan-Meier and log-rank calculations were employed. Within the studied cohort of large aneurysms ≥ 55 mm [total, n = 73; mean age, 56 ± 14 years; female, n = 22 (30%); Marfan, n = 9 (12%); bicuspid valve n = 6 (8%)], 21 (29%) individuals had AR grades ≥ 3+. The rest had lower grade AR (63%) and 6 (8%) had a normally functioning aortic valve. The incidence rate of additional cusp procedures was 27% (n = 20) and included cusp plication, Trussler Stitch, cusp shaving and commissure resuspension. Incidence of additional cusp/commissure repair was 2 (9.5%) among patients with higher grade AR ≥ 3+, while it was 18 (30%) among patients with lower grade AR or a normally functioning valve (P = 0.03). The mean early postoperative AR was 0.5 (median, 1.0). The rate of freedom from early failure, valve replacement and AR ≥ 2 was 96%. The rate of freedom from AR progression was 96% and from new onset AR was 100%. The setting of a large proximal thoracic aortic aneurysm size and high-grade AR does not result in a higher need for cusp/commissure procedures in order to achieve a satisfactory mid-term functional outcome. Large aneurysm size and high-grade AR per se do not increase the complexity of repair. The choice of reimplantation technique

  3. Impact of alterations in target vessel curvature on branch durability after endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms.

    PubMed

    Sylvan, Joshua; Brier, Corey; Wolski, Katherine; Yanof, Jeffrey; Goel, Vikash; Kuramochi, Yuki; Eagleton, Matthew J

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate curvature and its effect on the durability of visceral and renal branches in patients undergoing endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) with fenestrated/branched endovascular aneurysm repair (F/B-EVAR). Quantitative branch vessel curvature assessment on branches arising from reinforced fenestrations was performed for 168 patients undergoing F/B-EVAR for type II and type III TAAAs. Preoperative and postoperative centerline coordinates were obtained using iNtuition (TeraRecon, Foster City, Calif) and exported into MATLAB (The MathWorks, Inc, Natick, Mass) based on thin-slice computed tomography imaging. Spline interpolation was applied to the centerline coordinates and resampled at 100 equally spaced points, and curvature calculations (κ, mm(-1)) were applied. Global and maximal curvatures for each of the target vessels were measured and categorized by severity. Categories for curvature were 0 to 0.05 mm(-1) (low), 0.05 to 0.1 mm(-1) (medium), 0.1 to 0.15 mm(-1) (high), and >0.15 mm(-1) (extreme) for global curvature and 0 to 0.2 mm(-1), 0.2 to 0.4 mm(-1), 0.4 to 0.6 mm(-1), and >0.6 mm(-1), respectively, for maximum curvature. Curvature variances were assessed for an association with vessel patency and need for reintervention. There were 558 vessels that underwent analysis based on repairs involving 650 vessels, whereby 92 vessels were excluded as they were treated with an external helical branch (58 celiac arteries and 34 superior mesenteric arteries). There was a significant difference found before and after F/B-EVAR for the global celiac artery curvature (median difference, -0.01; P < .001), global left renal artery curvature (median, -0.01; P = .014), maximum left renal artery curvature (median, 0.05; P < .001), and maximum right renal artery curvature (median, 0.03; P = .009). Maximum artery curvature was found to have shifted distally in all vessels postoperatively; 37 adverse events (AEs) were

  4. Endovascular aneurysm repair with the Ovation TriVascular Stent Graft System utilizing a predominantly percutaneous approach under local anaesthesia.

    PubMed

    Ioannou, C V; Kontopodis, N; Kehagias, E; Papaioannou, A; Kafetzakis, A; Papadopoulos, G; Pantidis, D; Tsetis, D

    2015-07-01

    To present our experience with the Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System (TriVascular Inc., Santa Rosa, CA) during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and compare results according to the type of anaesthesia. We conducted a single-centre retrospective study including patients who underwent EVAR using the Ovation endograft between May 2011 and July 2014. Outcome was evaluated regarding pre-, peri- and immediate postoperative and follow-up measures. Overall results are reported, while additional analysis was performed to compare the outcome between groups of patients undertaking either local or regional/general anaesthesia (LA vs RGA). 66 patients were included. Median follow-up was 13 months (range, 1-39 months). Median age was 72 years and median abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter was 58 mm (range, 54-100 mm). Technical success was 63 (95%), while there were 2 (3%) conversions to open surgery. A total percutaneous approach was used in 50/66 (76%) cases. Overall, 9/66 (14%) subjects suffered from any kind of morbidity. Median hospitalization was 3 days (range, 1-16 days). Immediate and midterm mortality rate was 0%. No endoleak Type I, III, IV or stent migration was observed. There were 8 (13%) Type II endoleaks. Overall, additional endovascular procedures were required in 6 (9%), while surgery was performed in 4 (6%) patients. 44 (67%) patients underwent LA and 22 (23%) RGA. Differences between groups were significant for procedural time (85 vs 107 min; p < 0.001), percutaneous access (91% vs 45%; p < 0.001) and systematic complications (2.3% vs 14%; p = 0.05). EVAR with the use of the Ovation endograft shows promising short-term and midterm results regarding safety and effectiveness. Completion of the procedures under LA using a total percutaneous approach seems advantageous and may be used in routine practice. The Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System is an ultra-low profile stent graft system that allows percutaneous deployment for EVAR and

  5. The Relationship between Temporal Changes in Proximal Neck Angulation and Stent-Graft Migration after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    PubMed

    Tokunaga, Seisaku; Ihara, Tsutomu; Banno, Hiroshi; Kodama, Akio; Sugimoto, Masayuki; Komori, Kimihiro

    2017-02-01

    In recent years, endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) has become quite prevalent in Japan. Though little information is available about temporal changes in proximal neck angulation due to the difficulties encountered in measuring the angle. Therefore, we examined temporal changes in proximal neck angulation and its relationship to stent-graft migration after EVAR. Between June 2007 and March 2010, 159 patients underwent EVAR for treatment of fusiform AAAs at our hospital. This study focuses on the 80 patients among this group whose treatment sites and subsequent stent grafts were examined by contrast computed tomographic angiography before surgery, directly after surgery (within 4 days), as well as 1 year and 2 years thereafter. We created curved planar reconstruction (CPR) images and measured the length of migration and neck angle using our method. At 2 years after EVAR, the average length of proximal landing zone was 21.4 ± 9.2 mm. The average length of stent migration after 2 years was 1.41 ± 2.68 mm. The average neck angle was 33.9° preoperatively and 29.9° directly after surgery yielding a significant difference. However, 1 and 2 years after surgery the average neck angle was 28.2° and 28.4°, respectively. The number of patients experiencing a change >6° in the angle of the proximal neck between the preoperative condition and that directly after surgery was 16 (34.8%) with the use of Zenith stent grafts (n = 46) and 14 (41.2%) with the use of Excluder stent grafts (n = 34). There was no correlation between the proximal neck angle and migration of the proximal stent graft. In addition, there was no correlation between the changes in proximal neck angle and the secondary intervention rate and the occurrence of endoleak. There was a significant change in the neck angle between the preoperative condition and the immediate postoperative condition. However, there was no clear

  6. Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Octogenarians: Meta-analysis and Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Han, Y; Zhang, S; Zhang, J; Ji, C; Eckstein, H-H

    2017-10-01

    This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to highlight the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to assess safety and effectiveness in patients older than 80 years of age compared with younger patients. PRISMA guidelines were used; quality was appraised, and data were extracted and analysed following the Cochrane collaboration. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched on December 31, 2016. All studies related to clinical outcomes following EVAR for AAA treatment in octogenarians compared with those in younger patients were included for a meta-analysis and systematic review of short- and midterm outcomes. Data were analysed using a fixed or random effects model by pooling and calculating odds ratios (ORs) or hazard ratios (HRs) and weighted mean differences, to investigate the safety and feasibility of endoluminal treatment in octogenarians. Published literature search identified nine observational studies, comprising 25,723 patients with AAA (5989 octogenarians and 19,734 younger patients). More males (OR 0.621, p=.002) and smokers (OR 0.457, p<.001) were observed in the younger group. Frequent concomitant diseases were associated with advanced age, thus, the procedural duration, blood loss estimation, and length of stay were considerably higher among octogenarians. Although elderly patients have a higher 30 day mortality (2.7% vs. 1.5%, p<.001), endoleak, pulmonary, and renal diseases, no significant difference was found in the technical success of the procedure. As expected, the HR for octogenarians was markedly higher than that of younger patients (HR 1.946, p<.001) for midterm all-cause mortality. However, the re-intervention rate to maximum follow-up period of 5 years was not significantly different (HR 1.148, p=.408) between the groups. Compared with younger patients, EVAR in octogenarians is associated with a significantly higher but still acceptable peri-operative and midterm mortality rate. Because of

  7. Improving Results of Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair at a Low-Volume Hospital by Risk-Adjusted Selection of Treatment in the Endovascular Era

    SciTech Connect

    Wibmer, Andreas; Meyer, Bernhard; Albrecht, Thomas; Buhr, Heinz-Johannes; Kruschewski, Martin

    2009-09-15

    Several studies have observed both higher mortality rates and lower utilization of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at low-volume centers. This article presents the results of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair at a low-volume center in the endovascular era and investigates whether postprocedural mortality can be improved by extension of EVAR application also in this setting. This is an 11.6-year retrospective cohort study of 132 patients undergoing elective surgical or endovascular AAA repair at a tertiary care academic hospital between 1997 and July 2008, i.e., a median volume of 12 cases per year. The study was divided into two periods of time according to the respective indications and contraindications for EVAR, which substantially changed in 2005. During period 1, only aneurysms with necks {>=}20 mm long and not involving the iliac arteries were treated endoluminally. Beginning in 2005, indication for EVAR was expanded to aortoiliac aneurysms with a minimum neck length of 15 mm. Preoperative risk was assessed by the SVS/AAVS comorbidity score. During the first period (1997-2004) 18.4% (16/87) of all patients received EVAR. By extending anatomical confines and indications for EVAR in 2005, the utilization rate of EVAR increased to 40.0% (18/45) during the second period (2005-July 2008; p = 0.007). Prevalence of preoperative risk factors did not change during the two observation periods. In contrast to period 1, high-risk patients were preferentially treated endoluminally during the second period, resulting in a significantly higher median SVS/AAVS score in the EVAR group (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in median length of stay at the intensive/intermediate care unit (5 vs. 2 days; p = 0.006) and length of in-hospital stay (20 vs. 12.5 days; p < 0.001) was observed during period 2. Overall perioperative mortality was reduced from 6.9% during the first period to 2.2% during the second period (p = 0.256). EVAR mortality was 0%, mortality after

  8. Predictive models for mortality after ruptured aortic aneurysm repair do not predict futility and are not useful for clinical decision making.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Patrick C; Dalman, Ronald L; Harris, E John; Chandra, Venita; Lee, Jason T; Mell, Matthew W

    2016-12-01

    The clinical decision-making utility of scoring algorithms for predicting mortality after ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) remains unknown. We sought to determine the clinical utility of the algorithms compared with our clinical decision making and outcomes for management of rAAA during a 10-year period. Patients admitted with a diagnosis rAAA at a large university hospital were identified from 2005 to 2014. The Glasgow Aneurysm Score, Hardman Index, Vancouver Score, Edinburgh Ruptured Aneurysm Score, University of Washington Ruptured Aneurysm Score, Vascular Study Group of New England rAAA Risk Score, and the Artificial Neural Network Score were analyzed for accuracy in predicting mortality. Among patients quantified into the highest-risk group (predicted mortality >80%-85%), we compared the predicted with the actual outcome to determine how well these scores predicted futility. The cohort comprised 64 patients. Of those, 24 (38%) underwent open repair, 36 (56%) underwent endovascular repair, and 4 (6%) received only comfort care. Overall mortality was 30% (open repair, 26%; endovascular repair, 24%; no repair, 100%). As assessed by the scoring systems, 5% to 35% of patients were categorized as high-mortality risk. Intersystem agreement was poor, with κ values ranging from 0.06 to 0.79. Actual mortality was lower than the predicted mortality (50%-70% vs 78%-100%) for all scoring systems, with each scoring system overestimating mortality by 10% to 50%. Mortality rates for patients not designated into the high-risk cohort were dramatically lower, ranging from 7% to 29%. Futility, defined as 100% mortality, was predicted in five of 63 patients with the Hardman Index and in two of 63 of the University of Washington score. Of these, surgery was not offered to one of five and one of two patients, respectively. If one of these two models were used to withhold operative intervention, the mortality of these patients would have been 100%. The actual mortality

  9. Technical and clinical outcome of Talent versus Endurant endografts for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    PubMed

    Mensel, Birger; Kühn, Jens-Peter; Träger, Tobias; Dührkoop, Martin; von Bernstorff, Wolfram; Rosenberg, Christian; Hoene, Andreas; Puls, Ralf

    2012-01-01

    The technical evolution of endografts for the interventional management of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) has allowed a continuous expansion of indications. This study compares the established Talent endograft with its successor, the Endurant endograft, taking individual aortoiliac anatomy into account. From June 2007 to December 2010, 35 patients with AAA were treated with a Talent endograft (33 men) and 36 patients with an Endurant endograft (34 men). Aortoiliac anatomy was evaluated in detail using preinterventional computed tomography angiography. The 30-day outcome of both groups were compared regarding technical and clinical success as well as complications including endoleaks. The Endurant group included more patients with unfavorable anatomy (kinking of pelvic arteries, p = 0.017; shorter proximal neck, p = 0.084). Primary technical success was 91.4% in the Talent group and 100% in the Endurant group (p = 0.115). Type 1 endoleaks occurred in 5.7% of patients in the Talent group and in 2.8% of those in the Endurant group (p = 0.614). Type 3 endoleaks only occurred in the Talent group (2.9% of patients; p = 0.493). Type 2 endoleaks were significantly less common in the Endurant group than in the Talent group (8.3% versus 28.6%; p = 0.035). Rates of major and minor complications were not significantly different between both groups. Primary clinical success was significantly better in the Endurant group (97.2%) than in the Talent group (80.0%) (p = 0.028). Endurant endografts appear to have better technical and clinical outcome in patients with difficult aortoiliac anatomy, significantly reducing the occurrence of type 2 endoleaks.

  10. Technical and Clinical Outcome of Talent versus Endurant Endografts for Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    PubMed Central

    Mensel, Birger; Kühn, Jens-Peter; Träger, Tobias; Dührkoop, Martin; v. Bernstorff, Wolfram; Rosenberg, Christian; Hoene, Andreas; Puls, Ralf

    2012-01-01

    Objective The technical evolution of endografts for the interventional management of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) has allowed a continuous expansion of indications. This study compares the established Talent endograft with its successor, the Endurant endograft, taking individual aortoiliac anatomy into account. Methods From June 2007 to December 2010, 35 patients with AAA were treated with a Talent endograft (33 men) and 36 patients with an Endurant endograft (34 men). Aortoiliac anatomy was evaluated in detail using preinterventional computed tomography angiography. The 30-day outcome of both groups were compared regarding technical and clinical success as well as complications including endoleaks. Results The Endurant group included more patients with unfavorable anatomy (kinking of pelvic arteries, p = 0.017; shorter proximal neck, p = 0.084). Primary technical success was 91.4% in the Talent group and 100% in the Endurant group (p = 0.115). Type 1 endoleaks occurred in 5.7% of patients in the Talent group and in 2.8% of those in the Endurant group (p = 0.614). Type 3 endoleaks only occurred in the Talent group (2.9% of patients; p = 0.493). Type 2 endoleaks were significantly less common in the Endurant group than in the Talent group (8.3% versus 28.6%; p = 0.035). Rates of major and minor complications were not significantly different between both groups. Primary clinical success was significantly better in the Endurant group (97.2%) than in the Talent group (80.0%) (p = 0.028). Conclusion Endurant endografts appear to have better technical and clinical outcome in patients with difficult aortoiliac anatomy, significantly reducing the occurrence of type 2 endoleaks. PMID:22715384

  11. Beneficial effect of statins on total mortality in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair.

    PubMed

    Mathisen, Sven Ross; Abdelnoor, Michael

    2017-10-01

    In this single center, retrospective cohort study we wished to compare early and total mortality for all patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with open surgery who were taking statins compared to those who were not. A cohort of 640 patients with AAA was treated with open surgery between 1999 and 2012. Patients were consecutively recruited from a source population of 390,000; 21.3% were female, and the median age was 73 years. The median follow-up was 3.93 years, with an interquartile range of 1.79-6.58 years. The total follow-up was 2855 patient-years. An explanatory strategy was used. The propensity score (PS) was implemented to control for selection bias and confounders. The crude effect of statin use showed a 78% reduction of the 30-day mortality. A stratified analysis using the Mantel-Haenszel method on quintiles of the PS gave an adjusted effect of the odds ratio equal to 0.43 (95% CI: 0.18-0.96), indicating a 57% reduction of the 30-day mortality for statin users. The adjusted rate ratio was 0.62 (95% CI: 0.45-0.83), indicating a reduction of long-term mortality of 38% for statin users compared to non-users for a median follow-up of 3.93 years. This retrospective cohort study showed a significant beneficial effect of statin use on early and long-term survival for patients treated with open surgery. To be conclusive, our results need to be replicated by a randomized clinical trial.

  12. Combined Endovascular Repair of a Celiac Trunk Aneurysm Using Celiac-Splenic Stent Graft and Hepatic Artery Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Carrafiello, Giampaolo; Rivolta, Nicola; Fontana, Federico; Piffaretti, Gabriele; Mariscalco, Giovanni; Bracchi, Elena; Ferrario, Massimo

    2010-04-15

    Celiac trunk aneurysms are rare and usually asymptomatic lesions. However, treatment is generally warranted to avoid catastrophic rupture. We report a case of a 70-year-old man who sought care for a celiac trunk aneurysm close to the hepatosplenic bifurcation managed endovascularly by using a combined treatment of celiac-splenic stent-graft implantation and hepatic artery embolization.

  13. A registry-based rationale for discrete intervention thresholds for open and endovascular elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in female patients.

    PubMed

    Tomee, Stephanie M; Lijftogt, Niki; Vahl, Anco; Hamming, Jaap F; Lindeman, Jan H N

    2017-09-27

    An evidence-based consensus for a female-specific intervention threshold for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is missing. This study aims to analyze sex-related differences in the epidemiology of ruptured AAA to establish an intervention threshold for women. The Dutch Surgical Aneurysm Audit (DSAA) is a compulsory, nation-wide registry of AAA repairs in The Netherlands. All patients with emergency or elective AAA repair between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015, were included in the analysis. The main outcomes were age, sex, AAA diameter at time of rupture, and 30-day postoperative mortality. A total of 1561 ruptured AAA repairs (14.7% women) and 7063 cases of elective AAA repair (13.7% women) were included in the analysis. Women had significantly smaller mean ± standard deviation AAA diameter at time of rupture than men; 70.5 ± 14.4 mm and 78.6 ± 17.5 mm, respectively. In male patients, 8% of ruptures occurred at diameters below the 55 mm intervention threshold. The female equivalent of this eighth percentile is 52 mm. Female patients had significantly higher 30-day mortality after emergency repair, namely, 33% for women versus 24.2% for men, but were also significantly older, mean ± standard deviation age 76.7 ± 7.1 years and 73.9 ± 8.3 years for women and men, respectively. Correcting for age reduced the 30-day mortality risk for women after ruptured AAA repair from 1.53 (95% confidence interval, 1.14-2.04) to 1.27 (95% confidence interval, 0.92-1.73). Outcome after open elective repair was significantly worse for women compared with men, with a 30-day mortality of 7.97% 30 for women and 4.27% for men (P < .01). The equivalent of the 55-mm intervention threshold for elective endovascular AAA repair in men is 52 mm in women. The almost doubled mortality risk for elective open repair in women implies that the optimal point for open repair is at higher diameters, very possibly at least 55 mm. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery

  14. Serum and tissue markers in colorectal cancer: State of art.

    PubMed

    Berretta, Massimiliano; Alessandrini, Lara; De Divitiis, Chiara; Nasti, Guglielmo; Lleshi, Arben; Di Francia, Raffaele; Facchini, Gaetano; Cavaliere, Carla; Buonerba, Carlo; Canzonieri, Vincenzo

    2017-03-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide. It is the second leading cause of cancer death in Western Countries. In the last decade, the survival of patients with metastatic CRC has improved dramatically. Due to the advent of new drugs (irinotecan and oxaliplatin) and target therapies (i.e. bevacizumab, cetuximab, panitumab, aflibercept and regorafenib), the median overall survival has risen from about 12 mo in the mid nineties to 30 mo recently. Molecular studies have recently widened the opportunity for testing new possible markers, but actually, only few markers can be recommended for practical use in clinic. In the next future, the hope is to have a complete panel of clinical biomarkers to use in every setting of CRC disease, and at the same time: 1) to receive information about prognostic significance by their expression and 2) to be oriented in the choice of the adequate treatment. Moreover, molecular analyses have shown that the natural history of all CRCs is not the same. Individual patients with same stage tumors may have different long-term prognosis and response to therapy. In addition, some prognostic variables are likely to be more important than others. Here we review the role of serum and tissue markers according to the recently published English literature. This paper is an extension of the article "Biological and clinical markers in colorectal cancer: state of art" by Cappellani A published in Jan 2010.

  15. In patients stratified by preoperative risk, endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms has a lower in-hospital mortality and morbidity than open repair.

    PubMed

    Ali, Mujtaba M; Flahive, Julie; Schanzer, Andres; Simons, Jessica P; Aiello, Francesco A; Doucet, Danielle R; Messina, Louis M; Robinson, William P

    2015-06-01

    Previous studies have reported that endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) has lower postoperative mortality than open repair (OR). However, comparisons involved heterogeneous populations that lacked adjustment for preoperative risk. We hypothesize that for RAAA patients stratified by a validated measure of preoperative mortality risk, EVAR has a lower in-hospital mortality and morbidity than does OR. In-hospital mortality and morbidity after EVAR and OR of RAAA were compared in patients from the Vascular Quality Initiative (2003-2013) stratified by the validated Vascular Study Group of New England RAAA risk score into low-risk (score 0-1), medium-risk (score 2-3), and high-risk (score 4-6) groups. Among 514 patients who underwent EVAR and 651 patients who underwent OR of RAAA, EVAR had lower in-hospital mortality (25% vs 33%, P = .001). In risk-stratified patients, EVAR trended toward a lower mortality in the low-risk group (n = 626; EVAR, 10% vs OR, 15%; P = .07), had a significantly lower mortality in the medium-risk group (n = 457; EVAR, 37% vs OR, 48%; P = .02), and no advantage in the high-risk group (n = 82; EVAR, 95% vs OR, 79%; P = .17). Across all risk groups, cardiac complications (EVAR, 29% vs OR, 38%; P = .001), respiratory complications (EVAR, 28% vs OR, 46%; P < .0001), renal insufficiency (EVAR, 24% vs OR, 38%; P < .0001), lower extremity ischemia (EVAR, 2.7% vs OR, 8.1%; P < .0001), and bowel ischemia (EVAR, 3.9% vs OR, 10%; P < .0001) were significantly lower after EVAR than after OR. Across all risk groups, median (interquartile range) intensive care unit length of stay (EVAR, 2 [1-5] days vs OR, 6 [3-13] days; P < .0001) and hospital length of stay (EVAR, 6 [4-12] days vs OR, 13 [8-22] days; P < .0001) were lower after EVAR. This novel risk-stratified comparison using a national clinical database showed that EVAR of RAAA has a lower mortality and morbidity compared with OR in low-risk and medium-risk patients

  16. Endovascular Treatment of Complex Aortic Disease with Parallel-Graft Endovascular Aneurysm Repair. Retrospective Analysis of a Single Center Experience and Midterm Results.

    PubMed

    Roberto, Adovasio; Stefano, Chiarandini; Cristiano, Calvagna; Mario, D'Oria; Francesca, Zamolo; Damiano, Pipitone Marco; Giada, Sgorlon

    2017-09-21

    We sought to evaluate the midterm results of parallel-graft-endovascular aneurysm repair (pg-EVAR) for complex aortic anatomy in high-risk candidates for open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA). Clinical and radiographic information on 35 patients treated by pg-EVAR between March 2010 and December 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. All patients presented with symptomatic aneurysms and were treated within 3 days of clinical presentation. Primary endpoints included primary chimney-graft patency, overall survival, and freedom from all reintervention. Overall, 55 chimney grafts were placed into 47 renal arteries and 8 superior mesenteric arteries in 35 patients. An Endurant stent-graft was used as the main body component in all cases. At 36 months, primary chimney graft patency was 88%, overall survival of patients was 71% and the rate of freedom from all reintervention was 78%. Considering our mid-term results pg-EVAR seems to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with complex anatomies and at poor risk for open repair. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Computed tomography and ultrasound in follow-up of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Elkouri, Stéphane; Panneton, Jean M; Andrews, James C; Lewis, Bradley D; McKusick, Michael A; Noel, Audra A; Rowland, Charles M; Bower, Thomas C; Cherry, Kenneth J; Gloviczki, Peter

    2004-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare our experience with duplex ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) for the routine follow-up of patients after endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We reviewed the electronic charts and radiologic exams of the first 125 patients (113 males, 12 females, median age of 76 years, range 48-98 years) with AAA treated by EVAR from June 1996 to November 2001. Our follow-up protocol included serial CT and US at regular intervals after the procedure (before discharge, at 1 month, and then every 6 months). Adequacy of each exam, ability to detect endoleaks, measurements of AAA diameter, and ability to determine graft patency were compared. For endoleak detection, comparison between CT and US was done using CT as the gold standard. A total of 608 exams, 337 CTs and 271 US, were performed 1 day to 5 years after endovascular aneurysm repair; 98% of CT and 74% of US were technically adequate. Contrary to CT, the proportion of adequate US exam was significantly less in patients with higher body mass index (BMI > or = 30 = 54% vs. BMI < 30 = 81%, p < 0.001) and for pre-discharge US compared to the post-discharge US (54% vs. 88%, p = 0.0005). Concurrent scan pairs were obtained in 252 instances in 107 patients (1-8 pairs per patient). Excellent correlation between AAA diameter measured on CT and US was noted (correlation coefficient of 0.9, p < 0.0001). However, agreement was poor. CT anteroposterior (AP) and transverse measurements were on average 2.9 mm (95% limits of agreement = -7 to 13 mm) and 1.8 mm (95% limits of agreement = -9 to 12 mm) greater than US. For AAA diameter change, there was no case of increase AP diameter on CT. However, in 23% (29/128 pairs of sets) of US, an increase in AAA size that could have influenced patient management (> or = 4 mm) was reported despite no change demonstrated on CT. For endoleak detection, sensitivity and specificity of US compared to that of CT was 25% and 89

  18. Endovascular repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms using GORE Excluder iliac branch endoprosthesis without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction

    PubMed Central

    Ardita, Vincenzo; Giaquinta, Alessia; Veroux, Massimiliano; Sanfiorenzo, Angelo; Virgilio, Carla; D’Arrigo, Giuseppe; Veroux, Pierfrancesco

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Bilateral common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysm (CIAA) is a rare entity. In the past decade, different endovascular approaches have been adopted for patients with several comorbidities or unfit for open repair (OR). Recently, the use of iliac branch stent graft has been proposed, resulting in satisfactory patency rates and decrease in morbidity. Currently, according to instruction for use, the iliac branch stent graft is to be used with aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction. We describe a case of a successful endovascular repair of bilateral CIAAs using the GORE Excluder iliac branch endoprosthesis (IBEs) without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction. Case presentation: An 83-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and presence of pulsatile mass in the right and left iliac fossa. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography showed the presence of large bilateral CIAAs (right CIA = 66 mm; left CIA = 38 mm), without concomitant thoracic or abdominal aorta aneurysm. Moreover, CT scan demonstrated the presence of bilateral lower accessory renal artery close to the aortic bifurcation. Due to the high operative risk, the patient was scheduled for endovascular repair with bilateral IBEs, without the aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction to avoid the renal ischemia as a consequence of renal arteries covering. The procedure was completed without complications and duplex ultrasound demonstrated the complete exclusion of both aneurysms without any type of endoleaks at 1 month of follow-up. Conclusions: GORE IBEs without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction seem to be a feasible and effective procedure for the treatment of isolated CIAAs in patients with highly selected anatomical conditions. PMID:28207510

  19. Endovascular repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms using GORE Excluder iliac branch endoprosthesis without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction: A case report.

    PubMed

    Ardita, Vincenzo; Giaquinta, Alessia; Veroux, Massimiliano; Sanfiorenzo, Angelo; Virgilio, Carla; D'Arrigo, Giuseppe; Veroux, Pierfrancesco

    2017-02-01

    Bilateral common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysm (CIAA) is a rare entity. In the past decade, different endovascular approaches have been adopted for patients with several comorbidities or unfit for open repair (OR). Recently, the use of iliac branch stent graft has been proposed, resulting in satisfactory patency rates and decrease in morbidity. Currently, according to instruction for use, the iliac branch stent graft is to be used with aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction. We describe a case of a successful endovascular repair of bilateral CIAAs using the GORE Excluder iliac branch endoprosthesis (IBEs) without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction. An 83-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and presence of pulsatile mass in the right and left iliac fossa. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography showed the presence of large bilateral CIAAs (right CIA = 66 mm; left CIA = 38 mm), without concomitant thoracic or abdominal aorta aneurysm. Moreover, CT scan demonstrated the presence of bilateral lower accessory renal artery close to the aortic bifurcation. Due to the high operative risk, the patient was scheduled for endovascular repair with bilateral IBEs, without the aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction to avoid the renal ischemia as a consequence of renal arteries covering. The procedure was completed without complications and duplex ultrasound demonstrated the complete exclusion of both aneurysms without any type of endoleaks at 1 month of follow-up. GORE IBEs without aortobi-iliac stent graft conjunction seem to be a feasible and effective procedure for the treatment of isolated CIAAs in patients with highly selected anatomical conditions.

  20. Efficacy and Safety of Augmenting the Preclose Technique with a Collagen-Based Closure Device for Percutaneous Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Patel, Rafiuddin; Juszczak, Maciej T.; Bratby, Mark J.; Sideso, Ediri; Anthony, Susan; Tapping, Charles R.; Handa, Ashok; Darby, Christopher R.; Perkins, Jeremy; Uberoi, Raman

    2015-08-15

    PurposeTo report our experience of selectively augmenting the preclose technique for percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (p-EVAR) with an Angio-Seal device as a haemostatic adjunct in cases of significant bleeding after tensioning the sutures of the suture-mediated closure devices.Materials and MethodsProspectively collected data for p-EVAR patients at our institute were analysed. Outcomes included technical success and access site complications. A logistic regression model was used to analyse the effects of sheath size, CFA features and stent graft type on primary failure of the preclose technique necessitating augmentation and also on the development of complications.Resultsp-EVAR was attempted via 122 CFA access sites with a median sheath size of 18-French (range 12- to 28-French). Primary success of the preclose technique was 75.4 % (92/122). Angio-Seal augmentation was utilised as an adjunct to the preclose technique in 20.5 % (25/122). The overall p-EVAR success rate was 95.1 % (116/122). There was a statistically significant relationship (p = 0.0093) between depth of CFA and primary failure of preclose technique. CFA diameter, calcification, type of stent graft and sheath size did not have significant effects on primary preclose technique failure. Overall 4.9 % (6/122) required surgical conversion but otherwise there were no major complications.ConclusionAugmentation with an Angio-Seal device is a safe and effective adjunct to increase the success rate of the preclose technique in p-EVAR.

  1. Buttock Claudication and Erectile Dysfunction After Internal Iliac Artery Embolization in Patients Prior to Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Rayt, H. S. Bown, M. J.; Lambert, K. V.; Fishwick, N. G.; McCarthy, M. J.; London, N. J. M.; Sayers, R. D.

    2008-07-15

    Coil embolization of the internal iliac artery (IIA) is used to extend the application of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in cases of challenging iliac anatomy. Pelvic ischemia is a complication of the technique, but reports vary as to the rate and severity. This study reports our experience with IIA embolization and compares the results to those of other published series. The vascular unit database of the Leicester Royal Infirmary was used to identify patients who had undergone IIA coil embolization prior to EVAR. Data were collected from hospital case notes and by telephone interviews. Thirty-eight patients were identified; 29 of these were contactable by telephone. A literature search was performed for other studies of IIA embolization and the results were pooled. In this series buttock claudication occurred in 55% (16 of 29 patients) overall: in 52% of unilateral embolizations (11 of 21) and 63% of bilateral embolizations (5 of 8). New erectile dysfunction occurred in 46% (6 of 13 patients) overall: in 38% of unilateral embolizations (3 of 8) and 60% of bilateral embolizations (3 of 5). The literature review identified 18 relevant studies. The results were pooled with our results, to give 634 patients in total. Buttock claudication occurred in 28% overall (178 of 634 patients): in 31% of unilateral embolizations (99 of 322) and 35% of bilateral embolizations (34 of 98) (p = 0.46, Fisher's exact test). New erectile dysfunction occurred in 17% overall (27 of 159 patients): in 17% of unilateral embolizations (16 of 97) and 24% of bilateral embolizations (9 of 38) (p = 0.33). We conclude that buttock claudication and erectile dysfunction are frequent complications of IIA embolization and patients should be counseled accordingly.

  2. Endoleaks after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair: Improved detection with noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic dual-energy CT.

    PubMed

    Martin, Simon S; Wichmann, Julian L; Weyer, Hendrik; Scholtz, Jan-Erik; Leithner, Doris; Spandorfer, Adam; Bodelle, Boris; Jacobi, Volkmar; Vogl, Thomas J; Albrecht, Moritz H

    2017-09-01

    To assess image quality and diagnostic performance of a noise-optimized algorithm to reconstruct virtual monoenergetic images (VMI+) for the detection of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) using dual-energy CT angiography (DE-CTA). Seventy-five patients (42 men; 66.2±11.7years) underwent DE-CTA following EVAR. Arterial phase images were acquired in dual-energy mode for the reconstruction of standard linearly-blended M_0.5, VMI+ and traditional monoenergetic images (VMI) at 40-100keV in 10-keV intervals. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were calculated for the area of leakage in patients with endoleaks. Diagnostic accuracy for endoleak detection was evaluated by three blinded radiologists using the objectively best series for each reconstruction technique. Thirty-four out of 75 patients showed endoleaks. Quantitative image parameters were highest at 40-keV VMI+ (CNR, 21.3±11.1), compared to M_0.5 (CNR, 10.9±5.5) and all VMI series that showed highest values at 70keV (CNR, 13.5±6.6; all P<0.001). ROC analysis for endoleak detection revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.992 for 40-keV VMI+ series, which was significantly higher (P≤0.039) compared to 70-keV VMI (0.914) and M_0.5 series (0.916). Noise-optimized VMI+ series at 40keV improve diagnostic accuracy for the detection and rule-out of endoleaks after EVAR. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: technical and team training in an immersive virtual reality environment.

    PubMed

    Rudarakanchana, Nung; Van Herzeele, Isabelle; Bicknell, Colin D; Riga, Celia V; Rolls, Alexander; Cheshire, Nicholas J W; Hamady, Mohamad S

    2014-08-01

    This study evaluates a fully immersive simulated angiosuite for training and assessment of technical endovascular and human factor skills during a crisis scenario. Virtual reality (VIST-C, Mentice) simulators were integrated into a simulated angiosuite (ORCAMP, Orzone). Teams, lead by experienced (N = 5) or trainee (N = 5) endovascular specialists, performed simulated endovascular ruptured aortic aneurysm repair (rEVAR). Timed performance metrics were recorded as surrogate measures of performance. Participants (N = 22) completed postprocedure questionnaires evaluating face validity, as well as technical and human factor aspects, of the simulation on a Likert scale from 1 (not at all) to 5 (very much). Experienced team leaders were significantly faster than trainees in obtaining proximal control with an intra-aortic occlusion balloon (352 vs. 501 s, p = 0.047) and all completed the procedure within the allotted time, whilst no trainee was able to do so. Total fluoroscopy times were significantly lower in the experienced group (782 vs. 1,086 s, p = 0.016). Realism of the simulated angiosuite was scored highly by experienced team leaders (median 4/5, IQR 4-5). Participants found the simulation useful for acquiring technical (4/5, IQR 4-5) and communication skills (4/5, IQR 4-5) and particularly valuable for enhancing teamwork (5/5, IQR 4-5) and patient safety (5/5, IQR 4-5). This study shows feasibility of creation of a crisis scenario in a fully immersive angiosuite simulation and team performance of a simulated rEVAR. Performance metrics differentiated between experienced specialists and trainees, and the realism of the simulation exercise and environment were rated highly by experienced endovascular specialists. This simulation has potential as a powerful training and assessment tool with opportunities to improve team performance in rEVAR through both technical and human factor skills training.

  4. Early follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair: is the first postoperative computed tomographic angiography scan necessary?

    PubMed

    Oikonomou, Kyriakos; Ventin, Felipe C; Paraskevas, Kosmas I; Geisselsöder, Peter; Ritter, Wolfgang; Verhoeven, Eric L

    2012-04-01

    To examine whether initial postoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is needed in all patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). A total of 105 consecutive patients underwent EVAR with standard infrarenal devices in our department between November 2009 and May 2011. Five patients were excluded due to severe renal insufficiency, leaving 100 (85 men; median age 73 years, range 46-91) eligible for prospective enrollment in a triple-modality early postoperative follow-up protocol [intraoperative completion angiography, postoperative duplex ultrasonography (DUS), and plain abdominal radiography). Findings were compared for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) against the first postoperative CTA results for the detection of endoleaks or other signs of EVAR failure. There were 10 inconclusive DUS examinations. In the remaining 90 patients, DUS had 75.0% sensitivity, 95.4% specificity, 85.7% PPV, and 91.5% NPV for the detection of endoleaks. The intraoperative angiogram, DUS, and abdominal radiograph combined resulted in 87.5% sensitivity and 95.4% specificity, with a 65.6% PPV and 94.8% NPV for the detection of endoleaks. In 2 patients who required a reintervention for endoleak in the early postoperative period, both endoleaks were correctly detected by the triple-modality early postoperative follow-up protocol. An early follow-up protocol consisting of an intraoperative completion angiogram, DUS, and abdominal radiograph shows a high sensitivity and NPV for the detection of endoleaks and should detect early migration or kinking of the stent-graft. An initial postoperative CTA is not necessary for most patients undergoing EVAR and should be reserved for those individuals in whom the aforementioned modalities are inconclusive or show signs of endoleak or other EVAR failure.

  5. "Open" repair of ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (experience of 51 cases).

    PubMed

    Zanetti, Piero Paolo; Krasoń, Marcin; Walas, Ryszard; Cebotaru, Theodor; Popa, Calin; Vintila, Bogdan; Steiu, Flaviu

    2015-06-01

    Surgical treatment of toracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) represents a difficult problem for the vascular surgeon and may become a formidable challenge in an emergency procedure. In patient with hemodynamic instability, protective measures as cerebral spinal fluid drainage and bio-pump against spinal cord, visceral and renal ischemia, may be ineffective or impracticable. We report our experience of 51 emergency-operated patients with TAAA out of 660 treated between 1994 and 2014; 48 patients (94%) were hemodynamically unstable, 3 (6%) were hemodynamically stable. The TAAA patients were evaluated, according to Crawford classification, as: 18 type I, 13 type II, 15 type III, 5 type IV. Overall mortality was 23 cases out of 51 (43.1%); 8 deaths occurred during the surgical procedure and 14 in the postoperative period. Early deaths, subdivided by Crawford TAAA classification, were: type I 9/18 (50%), type II 9/13 (69.2%), type III 7/15 (46.6%), type IV 3/5 (60%). Paraplegia-paraparesis developed in 6 cases out of 43 (16.2%), excluding 8 deaths during the operative procedure. Acute renal failure was observed in 8 out of 43 patients (18.6%). Dialysis was found to be a risk factor for hospital mortality (p = 0.03). Pulmonary insufficiency was diagnosed in 15 patients out of 43 (34.8%), and 5 patients (15.5%) needed tracheostomy, out of whom 3 died (p = 0.04%). Postoperative bleeding was present in 8 cases out of 43 (18.6%). Inferior laryngeal nerve palsy was present in 6 cases out of 43 (13.5%). The follow-up period comprised 1-3-5-10 years postoperative follow-up. The actuarial survival rate of patients discharged from hospital was respectively 75%, 63%, 48%, 35%. In the literature there are very few studies published on emergency treatment for TAAA. Having usually low numbers of patients in the groups wider experiences are still needed to give more light on the pathophysiology and surgical treatment of this type of TAAA, which are still being treated according to

  6. “Open” repair of ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (experience of 51 cases)

    PubMed Central

    Zanetti, Piero Paolo; Walas, Ryszard; Cebotaru, Theodor; Popa, Calin; Vintila, Bogdan; Steiu, Flaviu

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Surgical treatment of toracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) represents a difficult problem for the vascular surgeon and may become a formidable challenge in an emergency procedure. In patient with hemodynamic instability, protective measures as cerebral spinal fluid drainage and bio-pump against spinal cord, visceral and renal ischemia, may be ineffective or impracticable. Material and methods We report our experience of 51 emergency-operated patients with TAAA out of 660 treated between 1994 and 2014; 48 patients (94%) were hemodynamically unstable, 3 (6%) were hemodynamically stable. The TAAA patients were evaluated, according to Crawford classification, as: 18 type I, 13 type II, 15 type III, 5 type IV. Results Overall mortality was 23 cases out of 51 (43.1%); 8 deaths occurred during the surgical procedure and 14 in the postoperative period. Early deaths, subdivided by Crawford TAAA classification, were: type I 9/18 (50%), type II 9/13 (69.2%), type III 7/15 (46.6%), type IV 3/5 (60%). Paraplegia-paraparesis developed in 6 cases out of 43 (16.2%), excluding 8 deaths during the operative procedure. Acute renal failure was observed in 8 out of 43 patients (18.6%). Dialysis was found to be a risk factor for hospital mortality (p = 0.03). Pulmonary insufficiency was diagnosed in 15 patients out of 43 (34.8%), and 5 patients (15.5%) needed tracheostomy, out of whom 3 died (p = 0.04%). Postoperative bleeding was present in 8 cases out of 43 (18.6%). Inferior laryngeal nerve palsy was present in 6 cases out of 43 (13.5%). The follow-up period comprised 1-3-5-10 years postoperative follow-up. The actuarial survival rate of patients discharged from hospital was respectively 75%, 63%, 48%, 35%. Conclusions In the literature there are very few studies published on emergency treatment for TAAA. Having usually low numbers of patients in the groups wider experiences are still needed to give more light on the pathophysiology and surgical treatment of this type

  7. Billowing of Endologix Powerlink Stent Graft in Post Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Simultaneous Findings on CT and Ultrasound Imaging.

    PubMed

    Helo, Naseem; Chang, Arthur C; Hyun, Christine; Chon, Kenneth S; Yi, Alex C

    2016-08-01

    Endoleaks remain a main concern in endovascular aneurysm