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Sample records for annee francais langue

  1. Modeles de rendement langagier: Francais, 12e annee. Francais langue premiere (Models of Linguistic Production: French, 12th Grade. French as a Native Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Aligned with its 1998 standards for first- and second-language learning, Alberta Learning has published lesson plans that aim for a closer relationship between learning and evaluation. Each volume in this series presents a specific task for students that involves planning, carrying out, and evaluating their work. The task for twelfth grade…

  2. Problemes en enseignement fonctionnel des langues (Problems in the Functional Teaching of Languages). Publication B-103.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Gerardo, Ed.; Huot, Diane, Ed.

    Articles include: (1) "L'elaboration du materiel pedagogique pour des publics adultes" (The Elaboration of Teaching Materials for the Adult Public) by G. Painchaud-Leblanc, (2) "L'elaboration d'un programme d'etudes en francais langue seconde a partir des donnees recentes en didactique des langues" (The Elaboration of a Program of Study in French…

  3. L'enseignement modulaire et le laboratoire de langues: conception et experimentation d'un nouveau cours de francais oral au Centre d'anglais et de francais, Universite McGill (Modular Instruction and the Language Laboratory: Conception and Experimentation with a New Course in Oral French at the English and French Center, McGill University).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legoux, Marie-Noelle

    1980-01-01

    A modular-type course in French was developed at the "Centre d'anglais et de francais" at McGill University (Montreal) to meet the needs of incoming students who were lacking skills in listening and oral expression. The course is composed of eight modules a semester, each module corresponding to 15 to 20 hours work on the student's part. The…

  4. RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahler, M., Ed.; Haillet, P., Ed.

    1994-01-01

    Contains five articles, all in French, reporting research on French second language instruction. "Francophonie et francais langue seconde a l'oral: quel(s) culture(s), quelles methodes?" (Francophony and Spoken French as a Second Language: What Cultures(s), What Method(s) (D. Issa-Sayegh) discusses the content and structure of a university course…

  5. RELIEF: Revue de linguistique et d'enseignement du francais (Review of Linguistics and French Language Instruction), 1991-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haillet, P., Ed.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the first two issues of the journal RELIEF. Each issue contains four articles. All articles deal with French second language instruction: (1) "Utiliser la presse ecrite en classe de francais-langue seconde (Using the Print Media in French Second Language Class)" (H. Canto); (2) "Une lecon de grammaire facile a concevoir,…

  6. Banque de strategies d'ecoute pour un enseignement explicite de la 1re a la 7e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes (1998) de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion (Listening Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 1 through 7. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This teacher's guide is intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in immersion programs. It provides a host of strategies for teaching listening skills in the classroom in Grades 1 through 7. The first section is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure. It discusses…

  7. Banque de strategies de lecture pour un enseignement explicite de la 1re a la 7e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes (1998) de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion (Reading Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 1 through 7. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Culture and Employment, Yellowknife.

    This teacher's guide, intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting, provides a host of strategies for teaching reading skills in the classroom (Grades 1 through 7). Section 1 is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure, discussing the motivation…

  8. Banque de strategies de lecture pour un enseignement explicite de la 6e a la 12e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes (1998) de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion (Reading Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 6 through 12. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Culture and Employment, Yellowknife.

    This teacher's guide is intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting. It provides a host of strategies for teaching reading skills in the classroom in Grades 6 through 12. The first section is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure. It discusses…

  9. Banque de strategies de production orale pour un enseignement explicite de la 6e a la 12e annee: Expose et interaction. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion de 1998 (Interactive Oral Presentation Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 6 through 12. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Culture and Employment, Yellowknife.

    This teacher's guide, intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting, provides a host of strategies for teaching interactive oral presentation skills in the classroom (Grades 6 through 12). Section 1 is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure,…

  10. Banque de strategies de production orale pour un enseignement explicite de la 1re a la 7e annee: Expose et interaction. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion de 1998 (Interactive Oral Presentation Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 1 through 7. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This teacher's guide, intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting, provides a host of strategies for teaching interactive oral presentation skills in the classroom (Grades 1 through 7). Section 1 is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure,…

  11. Banque de strategies d'ecriture pour un enseignement explicite de la 6e a la 12e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion de 1998 (Writing Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 6 through 12. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This teacher's guide, intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting, provides a host of strategies for teaching writing skills in the classroom (Grades 6 through 12). Section 1 is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure, discussing the motivation…

  12. Banque de strategies d'ecriture pour un enseignement explicite de la 1re a la 7e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion de 1998 (Writing Strategies for the Specific Instruction in Grades 1 through 7. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This teacher's guide, written in French, intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language (immersion), provides a host of strategies for teaching writing skills in the classroom (grades 1 through 7). Section 1 is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure, discussing the…

  13. Banque de strategies d'ecoute pour un enseignement explicite de la 6e a la 12e annee. Document d'appui pour les programmes d'etudes (1998) de francais langue premiere et de francais langue seconde--immersion (Listening Strategies for Specific Instruction in Grades 6 through 12. Guide in Support of Programs Teaching French as a First Language and French as a Second Language--Immersion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This teacher's guide is intended for the instruction of both French as a first language and French as a second language in an immersion setting. It provides a host of strategies for teaching listening skills in the classroom in Grades 6 through 12. The first section is designed to bring the teacher's awareness to the training procedure. It…

  14. Les emissions de radio et de television en langue francaise pour l'enseignement du francais et pour la diffusion de la culture francaise (French Language Radio and Television Broadcasts for French Language Instruction and for the Diffusion of the French Culture).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thureau, Josiane; Koesten, Leo

    1980-01-01

    Provides a listing of radio and television programs that teach French language and civilization, the result of two worldwide surveys, one conducted by "Le Francais dans le Monde," the other by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry. The programs are listed alphabetically by country and accompanied by a brief description. (MES)

  15. French: An Accommodating Language? = Le Francais: Langue D'Accueil?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Sue, Ed.

    This bilingual book considers recent developments in French attitudes towards language purism, borrowing, and the incursion of English. The book begins with an essay by French sociolinguist Henriette Walter, and most of the following essays are direct responses to her ideas. All chapters are provided in French and English. Chapter titles include…

  16. Le Francais Courant: Part V, French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Courant: Part 5" focus on the development of mastery of the basic numbering system and other grammatical structures. Structures include the formation of the present tense of the irregular verbs "vouloir,""pouvoir," and "venir,"…

  17. Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs, and the irregular verbs…

  18. Neues "Francais fondamental?" Das Europa-Projekt "Un niveau seuil." (A New "Francais fondamental?" The European Project "A Threshold Level").

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raasch, Albert

    1978-01-01

    The project "Threshold Level," initiated by the Council of Europe in 1976, is compared with "Francais fondamental," comparing their aims and their differences. Offered as an interim statement, the article leaves open the question of whether Francais fondamental should be replaced by the the Threshold Level. (IFS/WGA)

  19. Informatique et francais langue etrangere (Information Science and French as a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abry, Dominique; Scholl, Maryse

    1984-01-01

    An interdisciplinary experiment to develop materials for computer-assisted French instruction at the University of Grenoble is described and the process of translating objectives and strategies into exercises relying on student-machine interaction is chronicled. Three approaches were used: student response using stated rules, recognition…

  20. Le Francais, Langue Seconde: Aspects de la Conversation (French as a Second Language: Conversational Aspects).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Germain, Claude

    The nature of conversation as communication is explored in its psychological, linguistic, and didactic aspects with particular reference to the learning of French as a second language. Major emphasis is placed on psychological and linguistic theories. In the didactic section, the problems, value, and methodology of conversation classes are…

  1. Schwa au niveau avance du francais langue seconde (Schwa at the Advanced Level of French as a Second Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Alain

    2001-01-01

    Discusses part of a large-scale survey on the oral performance of advanced French-as-a-second-language students, as represented by recorded speech. Although schwa rarely leads to semantic confusions, its analysis in word-median or monosyllabic contexts shows interesting phonostylistic variations. (Author/VWL)

  2. Theatre et enseignement du francais, langue etrangere (Theater and the Teaching of French as a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maldaner, Aurea

    1980-01-01

    Discusses drama in foreign language instruction, especially as a means of improving oral expression. Two basic approaches are outlined and three techniques that have been used successfully with various age groups are described. (AMH)

  3. Pour Adolescent et Adulte, Francais Langue Etrangere, Niveau 1 (French as a Foreign Language, Level 1, for Adolescents and Adults)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibert, Pierre

    1975-01-01

    This annotated bibliography lists dictionaries and reading materials including stories and legends, biographies, works relating to cinema, theatre and French civilization, magazines, and educational activities and games for introductory instruction of French as a foreign language to adults and adolescents. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  4. Making "Wiggle Room" in French as a Second Language/Francais Langue Seconde: Reconfiguring Identity, Language, and Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd Clark, Julie

    2010-01-01

    In this two-year ethnographic study, I critically examined the problematic nature of the construct French as a Second Language (FSL), drawing specifically from the lived experiences of Canadian youth of Italian origin, participating in a teacher education course to prepare teachers of French. Using discourse analysis of interviews, observations,…

  5. Programme d'education de Maternelle--Francais Langue Premiere (Kindergarten Education Program--French as a First Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    The materials in this document discuss the Alberta (Canada) public school curriculum for French native language instruction for 5-year olds in preschool, intended for implementation in September 2000. The first part outlines the rationale and organization of the curriculum model and its five guiding principles. The second part describes the seven…

  6. Pour Enfant, Adolescent et Adulte, Francais Langue Seconde (French as a Second Language For Children, Adolescents and Adults)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardolph, Jacqueline

    1975-01-01

    This annotated bibliography lists reading materials including stories, novels, poetry, documentary works, magazines and works dealing with French civilization to be used for instruction of French as a foreign language for adults, adolescents and children. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  7. Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee. Complete Set, January 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    The Alberta (Canada) Department of Education issues "Grade 12 Diploma Examinations" for various disciplines every six months (dated January and June of each year). Except for the English and Francais examinations (which are issued only in their own language), the examinations are issued in an English edition and a French edition. The eight…

  8. Un Exemple d'approche notionelle dans le cadre du francais fondamental (An Example of a Conceptual Approach within the Framework of "Le Francais fondamental")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combe-McBride, Nicole

    1977-01-01

    An inventory of grammatical and lexical units expressing the notion of place in "Le Francais fondamental," Level One. Interrelationships are discussed from the point of view of vocabulary patterns and syntax. There are numerous tables and examples of interrelated verbs, adverbs, nouns, and prepositions. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  9. Images de la societe dans le cinema francais des dix dernieres annees (Images of Society in French Film in the Last Ten Years).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteve, Michel

    1980-01-01

    It is proposed that film has become a mirror of French society and of social change in France since 1968. It reflects changes in life-style, evolution of morals, fluctuations in fashion, and changes in urban and rural landscapes. However, it rarely questions society seriously. (MSE)

  10. Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

  11. Contacts de langues et representations (Language Contacts and Representations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthey, Marinette, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Essays on language contact and the image of language, entirely in French, include: "Representations 'du' contexte et representations 'en' contexte? Eleves et enseignants face a l'apprentissage de la langue" ("Representations 'of' Context or Representations 'in' Context? Students and Teachers Facing Language Learning" (Laurent Gajo); "Le crepuscule…

  12. Leiomyosarcome de la langue: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    El jahd, Lahcen; Barhmi, Ismail; Tazi, Nabil; Rouadi, Sami; Abada, Reda; Roubal, Mohammed; janah, Abdelaziz; Mahtar, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Le léiomyosarcome primitif de la langue est une tumeur rare qui se développe aux dépens des fibres musculaires lisses. Le diagnostic est souvent difficile, fondé sur des caractéristiques immuno-histologiques particulières. L'objectif de ce travail est de décrire le profil épidémiologique, clinique, thérapeutique et évolutif du léiomyosarcome à travers un cas et une revue de la littérature. Nous rapportons le cas d'un homme âgé de 26 ans, sans antécédents pathologique particuliers, consultant pour une tuméfaction de la langue mobile évoluant depuis 2 ans. Une biopsie de la masse a été réalisée. L’étude anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un léiomyosarcome de la langue. L'IRM de la langue a objectivé un processus lesionnel intéressant la portion mobile et antérieur de la langue. Une exérèse de la masse a été réalisée. L'examen histologique a montré la présence d'un large néoplasme de 6 cm compatible à un léiomyosarcome peu différencié de la langue, de garde II selon la Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer (FNCLCC). Une radiothérapie externe sur la cavité buccale avec une dose de 65 Gy a été réalisée. Le patient a présenté 2 mois après la fin du traitement une adénopathie latéro-cervicale haute gauche (territoire II), il a bénéficié d'un curage ganglionnaire fonctionnel intéressant les territoires I, II et III puis réadressé en radiothérapie. Le léiomyosarcome de la langue est très rare surtout chez le sujet jeune. La chirurgie et la radiothérapie sont les armes thérapeutiques majeures. Le pronostic est très mauvais, Les facteurs les plus importants sont les marges d'exérèse et le grade. PMID:26600908

  13. La culture politique du Mouvement Quebec Francais [The Political Culture of the "French Quebec Movement"].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turcotte, Denis

    This study of the "Mouvement Quebec Francais (MQF)" covers the period from March 1971 through Spring 1974. The fundamental postulate of the study is that if the political culture is internalized by individuals, it is at the same time borne by groups. The study of groups represents, therefore, a good vehicle to reveal the most significant…

  14. "Le Francais Des Affaires": At the Crossroads of US/EU Trade and Language Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finel-Honigman, Irene

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the need to enhance United States/European Union (EU) commercial and educational cooperation. Differences between US and EU language and trade policies are explored and the importance of plurilingualism in the global economy is examined. The role of the French Language, especially "Le francais des affaires," in facilitating access to the…

  15. Le "Francais Populaire" and French as a Second Language: A Comparative Study of Language Simplification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenemer, Virginia Lynn

    The French of English speaking students of French as a second language is compared with "francais populaire" (FP) in order to determine similarities in their tendency toward simplified grammar and morphology. Simplifying characteristics that are typical of FP were obtained from French working class sources, while simplification patterns of French…

  16. The Lycee Francais in New York: A Showcase for the French-Speaking Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michel, Florence

    2004-01-01

    In New York they say that the architecture of the new "Lycee francais" (serving French students from kindergarten through upper secondary education) was inspired by the rationalism of Descartes. What is beyond doubt, however, is that the design and materials chosen by the American firm of architects, "Polshek Partnership Architects," which…

  17. L'annee psychologique: history of the founding of a 100-year-old.

    PubMed

    Nicolas, S; Segui, J; Ferrand, L

    2000-02-01

    The authors present the history of the founding of the French journal L'Annee Psychologique. The names of Theodule Ribot (1839-1916), Henry Beaunis (1830-1921), and Alfred Binet (1857-1911) are closely associated with the journal. Ribot's election to the chair of Experimental and Comparative Psychology at the College de France in 1888 marked the official emancipation of psychology in France. Because there was no laboratory associated with the chair, Beaunis, a physiological psychologist from Nancy, proposed to Ribot the creation of the first French laboratory of experimental psychology (1889). Under Beaunis's direction, this laboratory was established at the Sorbonne in Paris but was in fact dependent on another educational institution, L'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. In 1893 the laboratory's research was first published in a yearly journal named Travaux du Laboratoire de Psychologie Physiologique (2 volumes: 1893-1894). Binet, who joined the laboratory in 1891, was not satisfied by the form of this publication. With Beaunis's agreement, he then created L'Annee Psychologique in 1894 to develop the reputation of the laboratory's research. The authors present the evolution and vicissitudes of the journal from 1895 to 1912, with a glance up to the present.

  18. Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in Rwanda") (Melchior Kanyamibwa); "Un modele…

  19. Difficultes phonetiques de l'acquisition du francais langue seconde (Phonetic Difficulties in the Learning of French as a Second Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huot, France

    The goal of this study is to discover the phonetic difficulties encountered in the acquisition of French as a second language by English-speaking children. The children are studying French in a total immersion situation without benefit of structural exercises or special French language laboratory classes. Of particular interest here is the extent…

  20. La francophonie dans les manuels de francais langue seconde: apports et limites (Francophony in French Second Language Textbooks: Contributions and Limitations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleig-Hamm, Christiane

    1998-01-01

    This study examined representation of francophone regions other than France in readings and activities in French second-language textbooks published since 1995. The model of representation used shows the richness and variety of the cultures, contains no inaccurate information, and gives a realistic portrayal devoid of colonialistic and…

  1. L'enseignement du francais a des clienteles allophones: aspects discursifs de la langue ecrite (Teaching French to Language Minority Clienteles: Discourse Aspects of Written Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Therien, Michel

    This study investigated the discourse elements that teachers focus on in teaching French to multiethnic groups, and examined the extent to which teachers take into account the different cultural backgrounds of these students. Data are derived primarily from the observation of videotaped classroom activities. The subjects in the study were students…

  2. "Peau d'Ane" videodisque interactif de francais, langue etrangere ("Donkey's Hide," an Interactive Videodisc in French as a Second Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrigues, Mylene

    1985-01-01

    The characteristics of videodisc technology are outlined, and a project undertaken to create an interactive videodisc for French language instruction is described, including the efforts to eliminate physical barriers between the computer and the user, pedagogical strategy and material, programing technicalities, and other details of production.…

  3. Document d'accompagnement du programme d'education de maternelle: Francais langue premiere (Manual in Support of the French as a First Language Kindergarten Program).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This document is designed for use by teachers of French-as-a-first-language kindergarten programs in Alberta. It outlines the vision, elements, and goals of the program, explains the context of the francophone environment in Alberta, and provides practical tools for the implementation of the program in consideration of the specific needs of the…

  4. Francais de base. Programme de 9 ans, materiel didactique: 4e, 5e et 6e annees (Core French. Nine-Year Study Program, Instructional Materials: 4th, 5th and 6th Grades).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.

    Official instructional materials for the first three years (grades 4-6) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program consist of units in geography, weather and calendars, holidays, and music designed for each of the three instructional levels. The units on geography focus on Manitoba and Canada. Units on the calendar and…

  5. Francais de base. Programme de 9 ans, materiel didactique: 7e, 8e et 9e annees (Core French. Nine-Year Study Program, Instructional Materials: 7th, 8th and 9th Grades).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.

    Official instructional materials for the second three years (grades 7-9) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program are presented. These materials, intended for teachers, consist of units of instruction for each year, which contain notes for the teacher, suggestions for class activities, materials for student use, and…

  6. D'une ouverture de la voyelle /epsilon/ en finale absolue en francais quebecois : analyse acoustique et perceptive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riverin-Coutlee, Josiane

    Cette contribution est consacree a l'ouverture du /epsilon/ en finale absolue, un phenomene phonetique repute etre en declin en francais quebecois et caracteristique de locuteurs âges, peu scolarises, issus de milieux populaires et s'exprimant en situation de communication informelle. Une analyse acoustique de 480 voyelles /epsilon/ issues de la parole formelle de 40 jeunes etudiants universitaires originaires des centres urbains de Saguenay et de Quebec revele toutefois que le phenomene est encore bien vivant en francais quebecois et qu'il est plus frequent chez les locuteurs de Saguenay, une tendance validee auditivement par accord inter-juges. Les resultats d'un test de discrimination et d'identification mene aupres de 26 etudiants universitaires originaires de ces deux memes villes indiquent que les auditeurs naifs de Saguenay semblent moins sensibles a la variation et moins enclins a juger de l'origine geographique d'un locuteur a partir de sa prononciation de la voyelle /epsilon/ en fin de mot.

  7. Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet). June 1988 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the June 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, the novel, and…

  8. Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee, Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Readings Booklet. June 1988 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this test, to be accompanied by the questions booklet, contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the June 1988 tests. Representing the genres of…

  9. Examen et Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Text Booklet).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and drama, the…

  10. Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1988 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and…

  11. Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Questions (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Questions Booklet).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the 80 multiple choice questions portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, the novel, and…

  12. Examen en Vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Langue et Litterature 30. Partie B: Lecture (Choix Multiples). Livret de Textes (Examination for the Twelfth Grade Diploma, Language and Literature 30. Part B: Reading--Multiple Choice. Text Booklet).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    As part of an examination required by the Alberta (Canada) Department of Education in order for 12th grade students to receive a diploma in French, this booklet contains the reading selections portion of Part B, the language and literature component of the January 1987 tests. Representing the genres of poetry, short story, novel, and drama, the…

  13. L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne (The Teaching of French in the Federal Republic of Germany). L'enseignement du francais dans les classes terminales des lycees allemands (The Teaching of French in the Final Year in German Schools).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abel, Fritz; Lang, Jurgen

    Two papers describe two aspects of French foreign language instruction in West Germany. The first, "L'enseignement du francais en Republique Federale d'Allemagne" by Abel, deals with the institutional framework for French instruction in West Germany. A discussion of the instructional situation looks first at the history of French instruction since…

  14. La Technologie au service de l'enseignement/apprentissage du francais langue seconde: Survol du projet RECALL, 1985-91 (Foreign Language Instruction and Learning and Educational Technology: Survey of Project RECALL, 1985-91).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducretet, Marie-Paule; And Others

    1992-01-01

    A French curriculum development and research project at Erindale College (Canada), established in 1985, studies and initiates incorporation of computer technology into the University of Toronto French program. Specific objectives include evaluation and adaptation of existing software, development of an undergraduate course in computer applications…

  15. Resultats de l'enquete nationale sur les programmes de formation des enseignants de francais langue seconde au Canada (Results of the National Study for Teacher Education Programs for French Second Language Teachers in Canada).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boutin, France; Chinien, Christian; Boutin, Jean-Luc

    The implications of Canada's national study of core French instruction for second language (L2) teacher education in that country are examined. Literature on the study's impact on language teaching philosophy and policy and on French immersion instruction is reviewed, and a survey of 36 Canadian schools of education is reported. The questionnaire…

  16. Vue d'ensemble du programme d'enseignement par immersion partielle (francais, langue seconde) au Conseil Scolaire Lakeshore (An Overview of the Partial Immersion Educational Program [French, Second Language] in the Lakeshore School District)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malboeuf, Roger

    1978-01-01

    An overview of the program in grades 4-6. The objectives, particularly those concerning affective and psycho-motor development and communication, the role of the teacher, the division of time, and the subjects taught in English are discussed. Reasons for this kind of program organization are given. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  17. Ambiguites Semantiqes dues au contact des deux langues, notamment du grec moderne et du francais (Semantic Ambiguities Resulting from the Contact of Two Languages, in Particular Modern Greek and French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teta, Simeonidou-Christidou

    The difficulties presented by the semantic baggage that a word/phrase carries as it is translated from one language (French) into another language (Greek) are discussed. Numerous examples of these difficulties, drawn from magazines and works of fiction, are provided. The phenomenon of linguistic borrowing is highlighted. (SR)

  18. Bibliographie annotee 4-6--Francais langue seconde-immersion: Selection d'ouvrages de la litterature jeunesse. Supplement 2001 (Annotated Bibliography 4-6--French as a Second Language-Immersion: Selection of Works from Children's Literature. Supplement 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    The document comprises 42 inserts to be included in the List of Books (4-6) for French as a Second Language (Immersion)--a selection of works of youth literature--published by Alberta Learning in 2000. Thirty-seven of the items appeal to the world of imagination and esthetics, and five items are of an informative nature. An appendix, entitled "How…

  19. Essais d'application d'un cadre de reference pragmatique a la realisation de materiels d'apprentissage du francais langue etrangere (Attempts to Apply a Pragmatic Framework to Materials Development for French as a Foreign Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richterich, Rene

    1977-01-01

    New needs in foreign language teaching call for new approaches to teaching methods and materials. This article illustrates how a pragmatic reference framework, involving speech acts and communication situations, can be used to choose or develop learning materials, specifically for French as second language. (Text is in French.) (AM)

  20. Affirming Francophone Education: Foundations and Directions. A Framework for French First Language Education in Alberta = Affirmer l'education en francais langue premiere: fondements et orientations. Le cadre de l'education francophone en Alberta.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This booklet presents a clear and succinct description of the educational needs of francophone students, families, and communities, and how this all fits into the constitutional requirements of Canada as directed by the 1982 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and all subsequent amendments and Canadian Supreme Court rulings. It identifies the…

  1. Actes du colloque: Tendances actuelles de la recherche sur la langue parlee (Conference Presentations: Current Trends in Research on Oral Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auger, Julie, Ed.

    Student papers presented at a sociolinguistics conference include: "La variation phonologique [d'une voyelle] a Hull"; "La force illocutoire des pronoms personnels 'je' et 'tu' en tant qu'insignes des places d'ou parlent les femmes et les hommes"; "L'emploi des modes indicatif et subjonctif dans le francais parle de la ville de Quebec"; "A Study…

  2. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchand, Frank

    1979-01-01

    Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

  3. Evaluation d'une approche pedagogique respectant les facons d'apprendre des filles en sciences et en TIC en 9e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lirette-Pitre, Nicole T.

    2009-07-01

    La reussite scolaire des filles les amene de plus en plus a poursuivre une formation postsecondaire et a exercer des professions qui demandent un haut niveau de connaissances et d'expertise scientifique. Toutefois, les filles demeurent toujours tres peu nombreuses a envisager une carriere en sciences (chimie et physique), en ingenierie ou en TIC (technologie d'information et de la communication), soit une carriere reliee a la nouvelle economie. Pour plusieurs filles, les sciences et les TIC ne sont pas des matieres scolaires qu'elles trouvent interessantes meme si elles y reussissent tres bien. Ces filles admettent que leurs experiences d'apprentissage en sciences et en TIC ne leur ont pas permis de developper un interet ni de se sentir confiante en leurs habiletes a reussir dans ces matieres. Par consequent, peu de filles choisissent de poursuivre leurs etudes postsecondaires dans ces disciplines. La theorie sociocognitive du choix carriere a ete choisie comme modele theorique pour mieux comprendre quelles variables entrent en jeu lorsque les filles choisissent leur carriere. Notre etude a pour objet la conception et l'evaluation de l'efficacite d'un materiel pedagogique concu specifiquement pour ameliorer les experiences d'apprentissage en sciences et en TIC des filles de 9e annee au Nouveau-Brunswick. L'approche pedagogique privilegiee dans notre materiel a mis en oeuvre des strategies pedagogiques issues des meilleures pratiques que nous avons identifiees et qui visaient particulierement l'augmentation du sentiment d'auto-efficacite et de l'interet des filles pour ces disciplines. Ce materiel disponible par Internet a l'adresse http://www.umoncton.ca/lirettn/scientic est directement en lien avec le programme d'etudes en sciences de la nature de 9e annee du Nouveau-Brunswick. L'evaluation de l'efficacite de notre materiel pedagogique a ete faite selon deux grandes etapes methodologiques: 1) l'evaluation de l'utilisabilite et de la convivialite du materiel et 2

  4. Proceedings: Pacific Northwest Council on Foreign Languages. Volume XXX, Part 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazur, Gertrud S., Ed.

    The following papers of relevance to second language instruction are compiled here: (1) "Bilingual Math in a Monolingual Classroom: A Field Study," by Elizabeth M. Baricevic; (2) "Ideologie et pedagogie: reflexions sur le manuel de francais au programme de '3e annee secondaire' en Algerie," by Jeanne Adam; (3) "Pedagogic Grammar and Applied…

  5. Essais d'application d'un cadre de reference pragmatique a la realisation de materiels d'apprentissage du francais langue etrangere. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (An Attempt to Apply a Pragmatic Frame of Reference to the Production of Materials for the Study of French as a Second Language). The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages. Acts of the Colloquim of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richterich, Rene

    Second language learning today requires new materials. One type of learning unit suggested would have a simple format, limited scope and objectives, and diversity of content, form, learning strategies and activities. In spite of the problems involved in the production of this format, such units might be worked out in teacher-training programs, by…

  6. Rever d'une langue: Anthologie des ecoles d'immersion de l'Alberta de la maternelle a la 11e annee (Dreaming in One Language: An Anthology of Essays from Immersion Schools in Alberta from Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 11).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Teachers Association, Edmonton.

    This publication, launched by the French Council of the Alberta Teachers' Association and prepared under the Millennium Partnership Program in Canada, presents a collection of essays written by French language immersion students in the elementary and secondary grades. Essay topics touch on the following themes: remembering, dreaming, celebrating,…

  7. Invatamantul cu Predarea in Limbile Minoritatilor Nationale din Romania. In Anul Scolar 1992/1993 = The Education System in Romania: Tuition in the Languages of Ethnic Minorities. The School Year 1992/1993 = L'enseignement dispense dans les langues des minorites nationales de Roumanie. L'annee scolaire 1992/1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for National Minorities, Bucharest (Romania).

    Documentation of the Romanian system of language instruction in ethnic minority languages is presented in Romanian, French, and English. It consists of: relevant provisions from the national constitution concerning the rights of ethnic minority members; organization and functioning of the educational system at the elementary, middle, and secondary…

  8. Les mecanismes psychologiques sous-jacents a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde (The Psychological Mechanisms Related to the Learning of a Second Language). Publication B-99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gendron, Jean-Denis, Ed.; Vigneault, Richard, Ed.

    Articles include: (1) "Variables psychologiques et sociales reliees a l'apprentissage d'une langue seconde par l'immigrant adulte en situation scolaire" (Psychological and Social Variables Related to the Learning of a Second Language by the Adult Immigrant in the Academic Situation) by A. d'Anglejan and C. Renaud, (2) "Les contacts…

  9. Francais langue seconde: trousse d'evaluation--tests modeles pour les cours: French 31a (Avance 7); French 31b (Avance 8); French 31c (Avance 9) (French as a Second Language: Evaluation Resource Package--Model Tests for the Courses: French 31a (Advanced 7); French 31b (Advanced 8); French 31c (Advanced 9)).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

    The French as a Second Language model tests for advanced levels 7, 8, and 9 were designed to evaluate students' language performance, as outlined in the program of studies for Alberta, Canada, in listening and reading comprehension and oral and written production, communication skills, culture, language and general language knowledge. The tests…

  10. Tu peux compter sur moi: Guide a l'intention du parent pour l'accompagnement de l'enfant dans son education en francais langue premiere (You Can Count on Me: Guide for Parents for Accompanying Their Child in French as a First Language Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federation des parents francophones de l'Alberta, Edmonton (Canada).

    This guidebook is intended for parents of French-speaking students in Alberta. It describes French-as-a-first-language education in Alberta and provides information to help parents, in collaboration with school personnel and the wider francophone community in Alberta, to preserve and develop their children's identity as speakers of French and as…

  11. EPA/IFP (Environmental Protection Agency/Institute Francais Du Petrole) European workshop on the emission of nitrous oxide from fossil-fuel combustion: Rueil-Malmaison, France, June 1-2, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Ryan, J.V.; Srivastava, R.K.

    1989-10-01

    This report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil-fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increasing atmospheric N2O concentrations have been linked to depletion of stratospheric ozone (O3) and to global-climate warming. The combustion of fossil fuels has been identified as a potential major anthropogenic source of N2O. The workshop had two goals: (1) to exchange information among various international research and industrial groups that are involved in N2O chemistry, modeling, and measurement; and (2) to develop a network for coordinating future related efforts.

  12. Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, J., Ed.

    This is the second bulletin in a series dealing with international issues in language instruction in the military. Articles include: (1) "L'Enseignement des langues (etrangeres) dans les Forces Armees Belges," (2) "La Morphologic de la Conjugaison ecrite simple en francais contemporain: evantail des cas et rendement des categories," (3) "Data…

  13. 1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Jack Davis

    Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

  14. Apprenez la Science en Francais?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonds, Juliet; Jacobs, Pippa

    2011-01-01

    The authors explain why integrating the teaching of science and French is not as ridiculous as it may at first sound. They describe how this innovative integrated approach works in a primary school in Oxfordshire. The project involves Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). CLIL is a method whereby a curriculum subject is planned and…

  15. Integration des sciences et de la langue: Creation et experimentation d'un modele pedagogique pour ameliorer l'apprentissage des sciences en milieu francophone minoritaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cormier, Marianne

    Les faibles resultats en sciences des eleves du milieu francophone minoritaire, lors d'epreuves au plan national et international, ont interpelle la recherche de solutions. Cette these avait pour but de creer et d'experimenter un modele pedagogique pour l'enseignement des sciences en milieu linguistique minoritaire. En raison de la presence de divers degres de francite chez la clientele scolaire de ce milieu, plusieurs elements langagiers (l'ecriture, la discussion et la lecture) ont ete integres a l'apprentissage scientifique. Nous avions recommande de commencer le processus d'apprentissage avec des elements langagiers plutot informels (redaction dans un journal, discussions en dyades...) pour progresser vers des activites langagieres plus formelles (redaction de rapports ou d'explications scientifiques). En ce qui a trait a l'apprentissage scientifique, le modele preconisait une demarche d'evolution conceptuelle d'inspiration socio-constructiviste tout en s'appuyant fortement sur l'apprentissage experientiel. Lors de l'experimentation du modele, nous voulions savoir si celui-ci provoquait une evolution conceptuelle chez les eleves, et si, simultanement, le vocabulaire scientifique de ces derniers s'enrichissait. Par ailleurs, nous cherchions a comprendre comment les eleves vivaient leurs apprentissages dans le cadre de ce modele pedagogique. Une classe de cinquieme annee de l'ecole de Grande-Digue, dans le Sud-est du Nouveau-Brunswick, a participe a la mise a l'essai du modele en etudiant les marais sales locaux. Lors d'entrevues initiales, nous avons remarque que les connaissances des eleves au sujet des marais sales etaient limitees. En effet, s'ils etaient conscients que les marais etaient des lieux naturels, ils ne pouvaient pas necessairement les decrire avec precision. Nous avons egalement constate que les eleves utilisaient surtout des mots communs (plantes, oiseaux, insectes) pour decrire le marais. Les resultats obtenus indiquent que les eleves ont

  16. L'interdisciplinarite en sciences sociales pour l'etude du contact des langues (Interdisciplinarity in Social Sciences of the Study of the Relationships of Languages). Proceedings of a Colloquium of the International Center for Research on Bilingualism and the Institute for Interethnic and Intercultural Studies and Research (2nd, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, October 1-5, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prujiner, Alain, Ed.

    Papers given at an international conference applying the social sciences to the study of the relationships of languages include the following: "Reseaux sociaux et comportements langagiers en milieu de contact des langues" ("Social Networks and Language Behaviors in a Language Contact Setting") by M. Blanc and J. Hamers, with commentary by R.…

  17. Le Francais quand meme (French Nonetheless).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delautier, Jean-Marie

    1983-01-01

    Political, attitudinal, and administrative problems of teaching compulsory foreign languages in Colombia are described and discussed from the point of view of a French teacher in a system characterized by confusion and lack of student interest. (MSE)

  18. Le Francais Courant (Contemporary French), Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    This course has been developed basically within the limits of Units 4-6 of "A-LM French: Level 1", second edition. The primary objectives are to develop French vocabulary relative to the family, home, transportation, and foods by continuing to work with short dialogues based on everyday, teenage experiences. While reviewing previously studied…

  19. Etude Differentielle Intonative Francais/Anglais.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lepetit, D.; Martin, Ph.

    1990-01-01

    Describes an investigation of the differences and similarities existing between the intonation systems of French and English. The unity of the procedures described here is confirmed by an analysis of intonational errors made by English-speaking learners of French. (Author/VWL)

  20. Les affaires "en francais" (Business "In French").

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanko, Helene N.

    1993-01-01

    A French brochure entitled "700 Current Words for Business" was developed to familiarize the business community with modern French business vocabulary and avoid intrusion of terminology from other languages. Some terms are neologisms. Translations from Latin, Japanese, and English illustrate the etymology and morphological patterns of some idioms…

  1. La Langue Francaise (The French Language)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quemada, Bernard

    1975-01-01

    This annotated bibliography cites works concerning the French language, including works by foreign authors in translation, with nine major topics: bibliographies; introductory linguistics, the formation and evolution of French; phonetics and phonology, lexicography, grammar, language variation, stylistics, and translation. (Text is in French.)…

  2. HBA1c: clinical and biological agreement for standardization of assay methods. Report by the experts of ALFEDIAM (Association de Langue Française pour lEtude du Diabète et des Maladies Métabolique) and SFBC (Société Française de Biologie Clinique).

    PubMed

    Gillery, P; Bordas-Fonfrède, M; Chapelle, J P; Drouin, P; Hue, G; Lévy-Marchal, C; Périer, C; Sélam, J L; Slama, G; Thivolet, C; Vialettes, B

    1999-09-01

    Glycohaemoglobin, and particularly haemoglobin A1c(HbA1c), assays have been used for many years to retrospectively evaluate the glycaemic control of diabetic patients. Cut-off values have been established for deciding treatment modifications. The techniques used in the laboratories however exhibit varying quality, and all of them are not yet standardized. The consequence is an under-utilization of this test, especially in non-hospital practice. In this context, working groups of Société Française de Biologie Clinique (SFBC), Association de Langue Française pour l'Etude du Diabète et des Maladies Métaboliques (ALFEDIAM) and Société Française d'Endocrinologie (SFE) have met together, in order to analyze the national status, and to propose practical recommendations for implementing a standardization process on the basis of international experiences. It is recommended to exclusively express results as HbA1c percentage, using methods standardized and certified by comparison to reference methods such as those using Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) values. Simultaneously, contacts have been established with manufacturers, and the realisation of periodic quality control surveys was encouraged.

  3. Roumanie: Le Francais d'abord (Romania: French First).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serren-Rosso, M. L.

    1993-01-01

    Eighty percent of the schools in Iasi, Moldova's capital city, teach French as a second language. The city's French Cultural Center is a focus for educational and cultural information and organization. The center helped upgrade the professional level of teaching following the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. (CNP)

  4. Morphologie et syntaxe du francais (French Morphology and Syntax)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sourdot, Marc

    1977-01-01

    A study of the relationship of morphology and syntax to the communication process from the functionalist viewpoint. Topics considered are: morphological processes, that is the distinction between functional and contingent language facts; the degree of necessity of syntax; the difference between functionalism and traditional grammar. (Text is in…

  5. Les francais de traduction (Different Ways to Translate French Texts).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renaud, Gaston R.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews the variety of language styles with which the translator deals and discusses the esthetic and practical advantages of adapting the language of a text to the sociocultural and communicative habits of a specific linguistic group. (MSE)

  6. Un cours avance de francais: Le francais tel qu'on le parle (An Advanced Course in French: Colloquial French)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creusot, Andre

    1971-01-01

    Second of three articles on an advanced French program sponsored by the Language Department of the State University of Mons, Belgium. Emphasis is on the phonology, lexicology, and syntax of spoken French. (DS)

  7. Two Visuals to Accompany Albert Valdman's "Langue et Culture."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polly, Lyle R.

    1980-01-01

    Visuals depicting places and high frequency nouns (car, tree, bike, bus, etc.) which students learn in the first semester of studying French are described. These will facilitate instructional presentations and, by reinforcing grammatical concepts, assist language acquisition. (PMJ)

  8. Musique et Langues Vivantes (Music and Modern Languages)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fontaine, M.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This article discusses the problems encountered by second language learners in mastering the phonology of the target language, and suggests the use of music in second language teaching, particularly for intonation. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  9. Physics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Physique 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Physics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  10. Chemistry 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Chimie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both French and English versions, is the Chemistry 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 44 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  11. Biology 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Biologie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Biology 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 48 multiple-choice and 8 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  12. Mathematics 33: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 33: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 4 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

  13. Curriculum Summary: Grade Three, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes, 3e annee, 2003-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 3 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover art, music, health and life skills, physical…

  14. Curriculum Summary: Grade Eight, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 8e annee, 2003-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 8 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover health and life skills, physical education,…

  15. Curriculum Summary: Grade Nine, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 9e annee, 2003-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grade 9 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover health and life skills, physical education,…

  16. Grade 9 Pilot Test. Mathematics. June 1988 = 9e Annee Test Pilote. Mathematiques. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This pilot test for ninth grade mathematics is written in both French and English. The test consists of 75 multiple-choice items. Students are given 90 minutes to complete the examination and the use of a calculator is highly recommended. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: decimals; exponents; arithmetic word…

  17. Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

  18. En Francais dans le texte: etude des emprunts francais en anglo-americain (In French in the Text: Study of French Borrowing in Anglo-American).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otman, Gabriel

    1989-01-01

    Analysis of the linguistic borrowing from French of American newspapers looks at the areas where vocabulary is borrowed and stereotypes are perpetuated. The alterations made in French expressions, as a result of ignorance or in order to suit American habits, are examined. (MSE)

  19. L'Onomatopee dans la classe de francais (Onomatopoeia in the French Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunet, Jean-Paul

    1988-01-01

    Onomatopoeia is overlooked in many French grammar courses but plays a key role in everyday speech. Classification according to the feelings communicated stresses their importance. Students enjoy learning the sounds produced by animals in a second language and discovering the abundance of onomatopoeia in songs, commercials, comic books, and slang.…

  20. Le Francais parle. Etudes sociolinguistiques (Spoken French. Sociolinguistic Studies). Current Inquiry into Languages and Linguistics 30.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thibault, Pierrette

    This volume contains twelve articles dealing with the French language as spoken in Quebec. The following topics are addressed: (1) language change and variation; (2) coordinating expressions in the French spoken in Montreal; (3) expressive language as source of language change; (4) the role of correction in conversation; (5) social change and…

  1. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Avance (Competency Based French, Advanced).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 26 topical lessons at the advanced level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues or texts. Lesson topics include: orienting oneself; discussing…

  2. Jouer au football... et apprendre le francais (Playing Football...and Learning French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Alma Rosa Aguilar; Duarte, Delma Victoria Gonzalez

    1992-01-01

    Two teachers in Costa Rica have adopted a thematic approach to French second-language teaching that uses instructional materials about soccer from the French popular press and television, and related class activities, to motivate their students, for whom soccer is culturally important. (MSE)

  3. Des citoyens francais a quatre pattes (Four-footed French Citizens).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champ-Renaud, Dominique

    1983-01-01

    A class activity is described involving a panel discussion of the role of dogs in French culture and related issues of public administration such as animal protection laws. Panel members' roles (public officials, veterinarians, etc.), audience roles (dog owner, father of a bitten child, etc.), and followup activities are outlined. (MSE)

  4. Uruguay: Le francais en quete d'image (Uruguay: French in Search of an Image).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francais dans le Monde, 1993

    1993-01-01

    The role of French language instruction in Uruguay is assessed. Drawing on results of recent surveys, it is observed that French suffers from a lackluster image, and from a lack of confidence among language teachers themselves. (MSE)

  5. L'Enseignement du Francais au Moyen de L'Action (Teaching French through Action).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal, Bertha

    A teaching guide containing 102 elementary to intermediate level French lessons is presented. The lessons are based on the Total Physical Response technique of second language instruction. They follow the stages of first language acquisition: listening, speaking, and reading. Each of the ten units contains a list of vocabulary words, individual…

  6. L'Economie Francais. Units in Economics for French Classes. Intermediate Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Carol; And Others

    Four units on the French economy, designed for classroom use at the intermediate level, are related in their educational objectives: to shed light on French culture and strengthen second language skills. Each unit describes its specific objectives, materials, texts, instructional procedures, and student evaluation methods. Sample tests and…

  7. Technoscientific French Teaching Guide = Guide pour l'enseignement du Francais technoscientifique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Brigitte D.

    This course guide aids university professors in doing research to develop a course in scientific and technical French. The course is intended to aid students in developing communicative skills in French in the context of science and technology. The course introduces students to the culture of France as well as to its industrial and technological…

  8. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Novice (Competency Based French, Novice).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. The guide includes 21 topical lessons at the introductory level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues. Lesson topics include: greetings; introducing…

  9. L'enseignement du francais au Quebec (The Teaching of French in Quebec)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mear-Crine, A. M.

    1977-01-01

    This article reviews the situation of the instruction of French in Quebec, in terms of the role of French and attitudes toward standard and non-standard varieties of French, the acquisition of French by native French speakers. Bidialectal instruction is suggested as one way of dealing with non-standard varieties. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  10. Enseigner quel francais du tourisme (Which French to Teach for Tourism).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsson, Bjorn

    1992-01-01

    Development of a course in French for tourism and the hotel industry in Sweden is chronicled, focusing on the process of functional analysis used to determine appropriate language content. A general functional outline of touristic French and an outline of language functions specific to a restaurant situation are presented. (MSE)

  11. Elements de correction phonetique du francais (Elements of Phonetic Correction of French). Publication B-53.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBel, Jean-Guy

    Three essays are presented that deal with phonetic correction and that are intended specifically for Anglophones. They deal with the following topics: (1) methods and processes useful in phonetic correction with students called "false intermediates"; (2) a synthesis and a methodology of methods of phonetic correction of the "French R" with…

  12. Aspirations langagieres: Negociation et apprentissage du francais (Language Aspirations: Negotiation and Learning French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lepetit, Daniel; Cichocki, Wladyslaw

    1990-01-01

    A survey of 130 beginning French students at the University of Windsor (Canada) focused on their second language aspirations, expectations, and anticipated needs. Interpersonal relations appear to be the primary motivator, with travel and instrumental motivation secondary. (20 references) (Author/MSE)

  13. Le Francais des Professions Scientifiques et Techniques (French for the Scientific and Technical Professions).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Brigitte

    Two sequential courses in scientific and technical French developed as a supplement to third- and fourth-year college French, in response to expressed student and industry demand, had as their objectives to develop a general familiarity with products of the large French industrial companies and their United States affiliates and to develop means…

  14. Une Nouvelle Place pour le francais au Senegal? (A New Place for French in Senegal?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ka, Omar

    1993-01-01

    A discussion of the role of the French language in Senegal first chronicles language and education policy from the colonial period until 1980, then cites research indicating that French is infrequently used for personal purposes. Recent initiatives to strengthen its status and usage, and obstacles to their success, are outlined. (MSE)

  15. Promouvoir le francais: Norvege, Chine, Israel (Promoting French: Norway, China, Israel).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grenet, Jean-Jack

    1994-01-01

    Strategies for promoting French and French language instruction are described. In Norway, a French popular music promotion has been launched cooperatively by record producers in both countries; a Chinese program links like organizations in the two countries; and in Israel, an initiative focuses on French song. (MSE)

  16. Chine: Les Chances du Francais (The Fortunes of the French Language in China).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuning, Zhang

    1996-01-01

    Examines the current situation in China surrounding the teaching of French as a Foreign Language. After the decline of French teaching subsequent to the Cultural Revolution, the language returned to favor around 1970. Chinese students are infatuated with French; many study it as a first or second foreign language. Additionally, French literature…

  17. La langue etrangere: reflexion sur le statut de la langue francaise en Algerie (Foreign Language: Reflections on the Status of the French Language in Algeria).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morsly, Dalila

    1984-01-01

    The unstable linguistic situation in Algeria resulting from official "normalization" in a country in which French has strong colonial roots is discussed, as well as its effects on the status of French instruction. (MSE)

  18. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  19. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and four written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring…

  20. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and four written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  1. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and 4 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  2. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  3. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1987 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during January, 1987, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are…

  4. Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Mathematiques 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This twelfth grade diploma examination is written in both French and English. The test consists of 52 multiple-choice items and three written response questions. Two and one-half hours are provided for taking the test; approved calculators may be used. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: geometry; trigonometry;…

  5. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  6. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  7. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  8. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a twelfth-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  9. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  10. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Biology 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Biologie 30. Juin 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Biology 30 is a twelfth-grade biology course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 80 multiple-choice questions and six written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  11. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Biology 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Biologie 30. Janvier 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Biology 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 80 multiple-choice questions and four written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring…

  12. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Biology 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Biologie 30. Juin 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Biology 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 80 multiple-choice questions and five written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  13. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Biology 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Biologie 30. Juin 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Biology 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 70 multiple-choice questions and 7 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is done by the provincial education department. The…

  14. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Biology 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Biologie 30. Janvier 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Biology 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 70 multiple-choice questions and seven written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  15. Multicultural Education. A Policy for the 1990s = L'education multiculturelle. Une politique pour les annees 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    This publication presents the official multicultural education policy statement for Manitoba (Canada) institutions of education and training. The policy is guided by the following three principles: (1) education for full participation in society; (2) education for cultural and linguistic development; and (3) education for intercultural…

  16. Les langues minoritaires en contexte; Minderheitensprachen im Kontext (Minority Languages in Context).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Anna-Alice Dazzi, Ed.; Mondada, Lorenza, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    Articles in Italian, English, French, and German address issues in minority languages and minority language groups. They include: "The Role of Italian in Some Changes in Walser Morphosyntax" (article in Italian); "Compensatory Linguistic Strategies in the Gradual Death Process of a Minority Language: Evidence from Some Dying Dialects of Basque";…

  17. LA SCIENCE ET L'ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES VIVANTES (RESEARCH AND THE TEACHING OF MODERN LANGUAGES).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MALECOT, ANDRE

    THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES INHERENT IN CURRENT METHODS OF MODERN LANGUAGE TEACHING ARE DISCUSSED AT LENGTH, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PEDAGOGY DERIVED FROM THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF LANGUAGE. THE IMPACT OF PHILOGICAL AND LINGUISTIC STUDIES OF "EXOTIC LANGUAGES" ON TRADITIONAL GRAMMATICAL CONCEPTS AND TERMINOLOGY IS HIGHLIGHTED IN THE…

  18. Le role des langues etrangeres dans la formation scolaire (The Role of Foreign Languages in Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Gerardo

    1979-01-01

    Discusses foreign language methodologies since World War Two and critiques their objective, of forming near-native speakers. Some less restrictive alternatives are suggested favoring acceptance of diversity and encouraging the social development of the learners. (AMH)

  19. Langue francaise et chanson (debat) (The French Language and Song -- a Discussion)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calvet, Louis Jean; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A discussion of the difficulties one experiences in understanding a foreign language in song. The difficulty comes from the rhyme and rhythm, and from the medium, the form of linguistic expression, itself. (AMH)

  20. La Langue francaise en Afrique occidentale francophone (The French Language in West Africa).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwofie, Emmanuel N.

    This is a reflection on certain aspects of sociolinguistic and linguistic problems of French in West Africa, particularly in Senegal and the Ivory Coast. The sociolinguistic section discusses the role French has played in Africa and still plays vis-a-vis African languages and English. Conditions in which French is used and attitudes both of…

  1. Les langues, dites, nationals, hors de leur territoire (So-Called National Languages outside Their Territory).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tschoumy, Jacques-Andre

    A discussion of the role of national languages in an international context focuses on the situation of Europe, currently and in the foreseeable future, and particularly on the situation of multilingual Switzerland. The first section gives an overview of the status of national languages outside their own boundaries, especially in relation to…

  2. "Traduction" et didactique des langues ("Translation" and Language-Teaching Methodology)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besse, Henri

    1975-01-01

    Attempts, through clarification of the term "translation," to define and put in place, from a methodological point of view, the latent tendency to reach back to the native language system, and its effect on the learning of the target language. (Text is in French.) (IFS/WGA)

  3. Metalangages et apprentissage d'une langue etrangere (Metalanguages and Foreign Language Learning).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besse, Henri

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the problem of grammatical terminology in foreign language instruction pointing out that it cannot be reduced to the dichotomy of explicit v implicit grammar. Observation of language classes showing that, regardless of method, use of metalinguistic statements cannot be avoided suggests an approach tailored to students' proficiency and…

  4. Les langues sur le gril argentin (Languages on the Argentine Grill).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagnolait, Beatriz

    1994-01-01

    A survey of secondary students, French language teachers, managers, and university students in Buenos Aires (Argentina) gives insight into the role of French there and reasons for studying it. Students in general appreciated the language for its aesthetic aspects, managers and teachers for its contribution to culture in general. (MSE)

  5. Problems Psychopedagogiques des Laboratoires de Langues: Premiere Partie (Psychopedagogical Problems of Language Laboratories: First Part).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Companys, Emmanuel

    This is the first half of a two-part study of psychopedagogical problems in the language laboratory. A study of technical problems will follow. Major attention is directed to divisions of work (unities, elements, and phases), deferred comparison, deferred master control, audio-active feedback, the acquisition of new auditive processes, elimination…

  6. La langue francaise, objet de politique linguistique (The French Language, Object of Linguistic Politics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eloy, Jean-Michel

    1994-01-01

    Discussion of politics of the French language looks at the nature of linguistic politics, offers historical perspective on French linguistic politics, and argues that, in France, language is always linked to the State. Aspects of French linguistic politics concerning the language itself and its role in everyday life are examined. (MSE)

  7. Policy for Heritage Language Instruction = Politique sur l'enseignement des langues ancestrales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    Policy established by the Manitoba (Canada) provincial government to inform the development and implementation of heritage language programs is outlined. Introductory sections provide background on the history of heritage language instruction, foreign language instruction, and language of instruction in Manitoba public schools. A brief discussion…

  8. Funding Policy for Language Programs = Politique de financement des programmes de langue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    This policy statement, presented in both English and French, describes the funding support available for heritage language and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs for K-12 students in the province of Manitoba, Canada. The two parts of the statement, headed "Heritage Language Instruction" and "ESL for Students with Limited Proficiency in…

  9. Langues: Pour une politique forte et coherente (Languages: Aiming for a Strong, Coherent Policy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olivieri, Claude

    1993-01-01

    France's Minister of Education and Culture favors a governmental language policy to provide the French with genuine communicative competence in other languages. His plan relies on four "D's": diversification, development, decentralization, and dynamic policy. A chart summarizes the 20 essential measures to be undertaken. (CNP)

  10. Le Schwyzertutsch 5e langue nationale? (Is Swiss German a Fifth National Language?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redard, Francoise, Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    These papers on the subject of the Swiss German language examine the status and attitudes of the Swiss German speaker, the reaction of other linguistic communities to Swiss German, and the necessity and/or possibility of learning Swiss German. The following articles are included: (1) "Le 'Schwyzertutsch': ecran ou lien? (Is Swiss German a Screen…

  11. Sur les traces de l'heritage francais en Nouvelle-Angleterre: Boston (Tracing French Heritage in New England: Boston).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quintal, Claire

    This booklet highlights some of the more important elements of the French heritage in the Boston area, particularly during the Revolutionary period and the time of the establishment of many institutions of American life in New England. It is intended for secondary school students in a bilingual education setting who have at least an "intermediate…

  12. Vers un renouveau du "mirage americain" dans les lettres francais (Toward a Renewal of the "American Mirage" in French Literature)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huvos, Kornel

    1973-01-01

    Social and political commentary on the alternating images of America projected in French writing through the years; revised version of a paper presented at the 25th Annual Kentucky Foreign Language Conference, Lexington, Kentucky, April 28, 1972. (RL)

  13. Images de la variation du francais: dominantes et harmoniques, changements (Images of Variation in French: Dominant and Harmonic, Changes).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellotti, Veronique; De Robillard, Didier

    2001-01-01

    This study gathered knowledge on an ill-explored field: attitudes toward French in France. It discusses ways and means to produce empirical data on this issue. Data indicate that the field described deserves investigation because, alongside standard French, the other "parlure" sampled in this study produce a variety of different attitudes and…

  14. Le francais assiste par ordinateur des colleges et des universities du Canada (French CALL in Canadian Colleges and Universities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bougaieff, Andre

    This directory presents the results of a national survey of Canadian colleges and universities concerning faculty's use of computer-assisted French language instruction. The listings, arranged alphabetically by province or territory, and within these by institution, contain the responding faculty member's name, address, e-mail address, fax and…

  15. Acquisition du francais par des immigrants adultes au Quebec (Acquisition of French by Adult Immigrants to Quebec).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Painchaud, Gisele; And Others

    A study of the French language learning progress of immigrants to Quebec had four objectives: (1) to identify the functional level of oral French of two groups of immigrants after language training at one of the province's immigrant orientation centers; (2) to verify whether after a six month period of employment the language proficiency level has…

  16. Prenez le temps. Pour "faire francais" pensez au rhythme! (Take Your Time. To "Make French," Think about Rhythm!)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wioland, Francois; Wenk, Brian J.

    1983-01-01

    Transcripts of 11 dialogs based on rhythmic syllable groups, which make clear the rhythmic structures at the base of spoken French, are presented. Phonetic, lexical, and grammatical variation within the same rhythmic structure strengthen the exercise. The exercises are for intermediate and advanced adult students. (MSE)

  17. La Traduction des formes verbales du present francais en bafia (Translation of Verb Forms from the French Present into Bafia).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aroga Bessong, Dieudonne P.

    1982-01-01

    Translation into Bafia of the French present tense in its different values requires the translator to make some decisions based on semantic values and implied time factors. Specific considerations and problems are discussed with examples given. (MSE)

  18. Dictionnaire contextuel anglais-francais de l'energie solaire (Contextual English-French Dictionary on Solar Energy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serre, Robert

    This English-French dictionary on solar energy is intended for translators and purports to contain all the elements necessary for doing quality translations. Each entry contains the following elements: (1) the basic English word with its synonyms and equivalents; (2) the definition in English and reference to its source; and (3) sentences or…

  19. Nous Parlons Francais. An Elementary Foreign Language Summer School Program, Grades K-8. A Guide for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFadden, Virginia; And Others

    The teachers' guide for a 4-week, 4-hours-per-day elementary school summer program in French consists of information and suggestions for program implementation and materials for use with students. The introductory section contains a general program description, including broad program objectives for language comprehension, language production, and…

  20. L'Enseignement du francais par le chant au jardin d'enfants (Teaching French in Kindergarten Using the Song)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braem, Bernard

    1977-01-01

    A description of French instruction in kindergarten and primary grades in Louisiana by the method "Chantons avec Jeannot Lapin." It is an audio-visual approach whose goal is to sensitize students to the spoken language. A description of the methodology and a sample lesson plan are given. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  1. Curriculum Summary: Senior High School, 2003-2004 = Sommaire des Programmes: 10e, 11e, 12e annees, 2003-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Intended for parents as a companion to the Alberta Curriculum Guides, this summary, in English- and French-language versions, uses an "at a glance" schematic to list the curricular goals for Grades 10, 11, 12 in Alberta. In addition to English language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies, goals cover career and life management, physical…

  2. Etude du comportement sous charges laterales des ossatures de beton arme avec murs de remplissage de maconnerie, construites avant les annees 1960

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lefebvre, Karine

    Reinforced concrete structures with unreinforced masonry infills (BMR) are considered vulnerable to earthquakes. Under seismic actions, infills could fail (causing injuries or death) and cause damages to columns. In Quebec and Canada, most of BMR structures have been constructed prior to the introduction of modern seismic design codes raising question on the contribution of the infill to the structure lateral resistance. The aim of this thesis is to improve modelling technique of BMR structures built in Quebec between 1915 and 1960. This type of structures is found in hospitals or schools buildings, which must comply with some post-earthquake functionality requirements. They could also be residential or office buildings. Actually, practicing engineers usually calculate seismic capacity of BMR structures without considering the infill's structural contribution to the lateral resistance. Yet, this contribution should not be omitted. The first part of the thesis investigates the construction techniques and material properties of the old BMR structures in the Province. The results are the material properties (concrete, reinforcing steel, brick, terra cotta tile, and mortar) and the characteristics of the assemblies (wall section, reinforcement details…). The second part of the thesis presents the results of series of parametric analyses to identify among modelling and geometric parameters, which ones are the most influent on the lateral load response (rigidity, fundamental period, normal modes). Linear and modal analyses were performed. The most influent parameters identified are: number of storeys, number of bays, bay's width, soft storey, openings, upper storeys modelized (instead of being replaced by punctual loads) and the modelization technique of infills panels (strut or shell). Nonlinear static analyses have been performed to identify the most influent parameters to be considered for evaluating the lateral resistance, the capacity (load / displacement) and the yielding sequence (beam versus columns versus infills). The identified parameters are the presence of the infills, the openings and the geometric characteristics of the models (number of storeys and number of bays). One important contribution of this work is the development of an equivalent strut model to represent the action of the infill. The model could be easily implemented in standard analysis software. A central axial hinge reproducing the nonlinear behaviour of the masonry is added to the strut element. This model is a hybridization of existing proposals (FEMA and others) with added innovations by the author. It has been validated with experimental and numerical analyses results from literature. An important conclusion of this thesis is that the contribution of infills to lateral load resisting capacities of BMR structures should be considered for structure of more than one storey. Infills can add up to 51 % to bare frame capacity. The National building code requires that the lateral resistance of existing buildings must be at least 60 % of the equivalent static seismic force (V2005). It is concluded that one storey BMR buildings have a sufficient resistance, while three-storeys structures exhibit plastic deformations for loads under 0,6* V2005.

  3. Le Rendement en Lecture dans les Ecoles Franco-Ontariennes (Sixieme, Septieme, et Huitieme Annees) (Reading in Franco-Ontarian Schools [Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Grades]).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brassard, Jean; Langevin, Claude

    A research project was carried out to investigate the reading situation in the sixth, seventh, and eighth grades of French-language schools in Ontario. Specifically, the project sought to determine the nature of reading deficiencies found in these schools, the percentage of the student body affected by these deficiencies, and the psychological,…

  4. "Suivez le guide"...L'acquisition de routines de lecture en langue 1 et en langue 2 ("Follow the Guide"...Acquisition of Reading Routines in First and Second Languages).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marschall, Matthias

    1998-01-01

    A study investigated the acquisition of grammar-based reading routines in both first and second languages (L1 and L2). The objective was to determine whether routine integration of grammatical information to construct a semantic representation of the text is a matter of general cognitive development or language-specific learning. Subjects were…

  5. Contribution de la Psychologie a l'Enseignement des Langues Etrangeres et a l'Introduction de la Television en Classe de Langue (Contribution of Psychology to Foreign Language Instruction and to the Introduction of Television in the Language Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelkamp, Johannes

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the psychological factors relevant to the acquisition of a second language and the behavior theories that have had the most dramatic impact on teaching methodology. Advocates a broader use of television in language instruction as a means of clarifying meanings through a visual context tailored to certain pedagogical requirements. (MES)

  6. Influences d'un enseignement de langue maternelle sur l'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere: Reflexions a partir du discours d'apprenants (Influences of Native Language Instruction on Second Language Learning: Reflections Based on Learners' Discourse).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gremmo, Marie-Jose

    Second language learners are engaged in a self-directed learning program which is supported by regular interviews with their counsellor. Interviews with 15 persons were recorded during a 1-year period in order to get data for an analysis of the ways native and second language learning are similar to each other and so mutually helpful. The data…

  7. Logique des langues europeennes VII: Le Neerlandais et le polder (Logic of European Languages VII: Dutch and the Polder).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Lier, Henri

    1990-01-01

    Views the Dutch language as analogous to the polder typical of the Netherlands, an area of low-lying land reclaimed from a body of water and protected by dikes. Phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic, and stylistic analyses are presented. (MSE)

  8. Voix d'Auvergne. Langue et Civilisation Par le Texte Oral (Voices of Auvergne. Language and Civilization by Oral Text).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institut Francais du Royaume-Uni, London (England).

    This volume is the result of a two-week session organized for 30 British teachers of French, aimed at the rediscovery of French culture and language. The teachers were exposed to French language and culture through a series of round tables with a representative of French business, government, politics, and the like, and through personal interviews…

  9. L'apprentissage précoce des langues : Des pratiques sociologiquement et politiquement marquées

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groux, Dominique

    2007-01-01

    Throughout the world there is a great diversity of curricula for introducing early foreign language training more or less intensively. These curricula correspond to different pedagogical approaches. But these pedagogical choices are not neutral. They are the result of political choice. They are also sociologically discriminatory. The author studies and contrasts various forms of language training of certain countries and within the same countries (for example, the correlation between bilingual training and private schools, or the choice of bilingual education as a political goal). She proposes a scale for classifying the kinds of early foreign language training, depending on sociological criteria and political choice.

  10. Sociolinguistic Constraints on Lexical Borrowing in Tarahumara: Explorations in "Langue and Parole" and "Existential Bilingualism"--an Approximation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ornstein, Jacob

    1976-01-01

    Deals with patterns of limited borrowing in Tarahumara, or Raramuri, a Uto-Aztecan language in northern Mexico. Probes the sociolinguistic constraints that have apparently caused Raramuri to have borrowed surprisingly little from Spanish. (Author/RM)

  11. Langue francaise: Le plaisir, un marche a prendre (The French Language: The Pleasure, a Step to Take).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julien, Patrice

    1994-01-01

    The role of a French-Japanese cultural institute in Japan is examined, and it is noted that, despite its relatively limited appeal within such a different culture, with careful work the institute has uncovered a significant audience who participate in French-related activities simply because they are pleasurable. (MSE)

  12. La Mondialisation et l'Apprentissage d'une Langue de Specialite (Globalization and the Learning of a Specialized Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belanger, Charles H.

    1995-01-01

    Examines the cultural effects of globalization, a trend that threatens the eradication of some cultures and gives rise to skewed ethnic consciousness and narrow linguistic protectionism. National governments must promote pluralism. Learning a specialty language advances this cause and can provide a lively experience if the teacher adopts flexible…

  13. Interference lexicale dans la langue quebecoise rurale (1900-1950) (Lexical Interference in Rural Quebec's Language, 1900-1950).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, David-F.

    A study of rural Quebec's language showed that by comparison with the urban version, it is less influenced by anglicisms, and the borrowing that has occurred is not solely of terms of civilization designating objects or notions susceptible to exchange between anglophones and francophones in Quebec. Certain anglicisms seem to have become integrated…

  14. Ionesco, le theatre et l'apprentissage d'une langue (Ionesco, Theater, and the Learning of a Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerr, Cynthia B.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a summer program in France designed to teach French to Americans using teaching techniques drawn from dramatic arts courses. The theory behind Ionesco's method is that the living language of the theatre facilitates linguistic and communicative competence in students. (MSE)

  15. L'apprentissage d'une langue etrangere comme ouverture culturelle (Second Language Learning as a Cultural Opportunity).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBrun, Monique

    It has been suggested that the learning of a second language is not only a practical matter, as is commonly emphasized in discussion about language teaching, but is equally an experience of cultural initiation, particularly through the appreciation of literary texts in that language. The first part of this paper reviews educators' ideas about…

  16. Memorisation et transfert dans l'apprentissage des langues etrangeres (Memorization and Transfer in the Learning of Foreign Languages)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastin, Georges

    1977-01-01

    Account of an experiment reported in "Bulletin de Psychologie." The results indicate a correlation between practice using a wide variety of semantic elements and better retention and use of correct syntax. This experiment indicates the importance of insuring growth in inductive capacity of learners. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  17. Traduction et langues de specialite: Approches theoriques et considerations pedagogiques (Translation and Specialty Languages: Theoretical Approaches and Pedagogic Considerations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guevel, Zelie, Ed.; Valentine, Egan, Ed.

    Essays on the teaching of translation and on specialized translation, all in French, include: "Perspectives d'optimisation de la formation du traducteur: quelques reflexions" ("Perspectives on Optimization of Training of Translation Teachers: Some Reflections") (Egan Valentine); "L'enseignement de la revision pedagogique" ("The Teaching of…

  18. Origine et developpement des industries de la langue (Origin and Development of Language Utilities). Publication K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    L'Homme, Marie-Claude

    The evolution of "language utilities," a concept confined largely to the francophone world and relating to the uses of language in computer science and the use of computer science for languages, is chronicled. The language utilities are of three types: (1) tools for language development, primarily dictionary databases and related tools; (2) tools…

  19. Problemes et solutions: a l'ecoute de la langue vivante (Problems and Solutions: Listening In on Living Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubuc, Robert

    1980-01-01

    The development and use of French neologisms, or new words and idioms, is viewed as an important subject for the attention of translators, especially those dealing with specialized journals. A number of examples are given. (MSE)

  20. La politique a propos des langues regionales: cadre historique (Politics as They Relate to Regional Languages: A Historical Perspective)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giacomo, Mathee

    1975-01-01

    Furnishes a general historic frame for the studies concerning each language; outlines influences on instruction of the Ancien Regime, of the Revolution, and of conditions and efforts since the Third Republic. (Text is in French.) (MSE)

  1. Les annees de transition: une epoque de changement. Reveu et analyse des projets pilotes sur les questions relatives aux annees de Transition. Volume 1: Resume (Year of Transition: Times for Change. A Review and Analysis of Pilot Projects Investigating Issues in the Transition Years. Volume 1: Summary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Andy; And Others

    In 1990, the Ontario (Canada) Ministry of Education implemented the Transition Years project, an initiative for restructuring middle-grades education. This French-language document presents findings of a study that identified effective policies and practices used by the pilot schools. Data were derived from: (1) surveys completed by staffs in…

  2. La comprehension du francais parle au niveau avance: un exemple de test (Comprehension of Spoken French at the Advanced Level: A Test Sample).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mauriac, Paul

    1980-01-01

    The use of taped radio programs is suggested for testing advanced level French comprehension. In the testing technique described less attention is given to program content than to style and language usage. A sample test is presented. (MSE)

  3. Communication et reflexion metalinguistique dans l'apprentissage du francais par les adultes (Communication and Metalinguistic Reflection in French Language Learning by Adults).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galatanu, Olga

    A discussion of the relationships between communication in a foreign language and metalinguistic thought given to that language focuses on formal French language learning by adults in their home countries. Experience with adult language learners suggests a resistance to grammatical explanations but an openness to explanations of meaning. It would…

  4. Synthese et methodologie des moyens de correction phonetique du "R" francais enseigne aux anglophones (Methods of Correcting the Pronunciation of the French "R" for English Speakers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lebel, Jean-Guy

    The present work begins with a phonetic description of the acceptable French /R/ and descriptions of several allophones of English /R/ which must be avoided while learning the French. Various theories are discussed concerning the relationship between the position of the /R/ in an utterance and the difficulty students have in pronouncing it…

  5. ONU Geneve: quel avenir pour le francais? Silence, on coule! (ONU Geneva: What Future for French? Quiet, We're Sinking!)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lebreton, Jean-Michel; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Two articles address change and conflict concerning the French language. One discusses the comparative roles of English and French at the United Nations office in Geneva; the other is in response to the opinions of Philippe de Saint Robert on the need to protect French from change. (MSE)

  6. Unite et diversite de l'action pedagogique des services francais a l'etranger (The Unity and Diversity of Pedagogical Activities of French Services Abroad)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gautherot, Jean Marie

    1978-01-01

    A report on the responses to a questionnaire on the activities, relations with collaborators, organization of educational services and methods of implementation. Seventeen countries are represented in the survey. (AMH)

  7. Un Exemple d'Algorithme: Mettre un Substantif Francais au Pluriel. (An Example of Algorithm: Putting French Nouns into the Plural).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Saint Andre, Ph. Durant

    1987-01-01

    Presents a computer interpretation of the consistencies as well as inadequacies of grammar rules in changing singular forms to plural. A correlative algorithm is discussed for the purpose of enhancing the present logical system of changing singulars to plurals. (TR)

  8. Valeurs modales du futur et du conditionnel et leurs emplois en francais contemporain (Modality of the Future and Conditional and Their Uses in Contemporary French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gobert, David L.; Maisier, Veronique

    1995-01-01

    Offers an analysis of written and oral texts and a questionnaire on the contemporary use of future and conditional modals in French, and reviews the treatment of these verb forms by grammarians and language learning authors. Findings suggest that grammar books and manuals offer guidance on the written use of the modals, rather than the oral usage.…

  9. Systeme des fautes et correction phonetique des Anglais qui apprennent le francais (System of Errors and Phonetic Correction of English Speakers Learning French)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lebrun, Claire

    1975-01-01

    This article provides the results of an investigation of the system of pronunciation faults of English speakers learning French, and describes means of correction based on the verbo-tonal system. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  10. Vers un nouveau manuel de stylistique comparee du francais et de l'anglais (Toward a New Comparative Style Manual for French and English).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kingstone, Basil

    1989-01-01

    The features necessary in an introductory course on translation are described, and the standard text for this kind of course is evaluated with reference to two critical accounts of it. Differences in general structure between the standard text and one in preparation and some theories needing modification are examined. (Author/MSE)

  11. Vers une culture des affaires? Mentalites, comportements, representations dans la classe de francais commercial (Toward a Business Culture? Attitudes, Behaviors, and Representations in the Commercial French Classroom).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bousquet, Gilles

    1993-01-01

    An exploration of the nature and range of international expertise necessary for students and users of commercial French attempts to note the points where knowledge of law, politics, culture, and business practice takes over from mere accumulation of facts or linguistic competence to facilitate genuine, productive, and culturally appropriate…

  12. Recherche empirique sur l'effet de la musique dans l'enseignement suggestopedique du francais (Empirical Research on the Effect of Music in Suggestopedic French Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffler, Ludger

    1986-01-01

    A study of the effectiveness of music techniques in French second-language instruction using the suggestopedic approach is reported. The study attempts to control for variations commonly found in experimental conditions. (MSE)

  13. Le Certificat Pratique de la CCIP et la Traduction dans les Cours de francais Commercial (The CCIP Certificate and Translation in Business French Courses).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cote, Paul Raymond

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the importance of professional translators in the milieu of the European Community and the global economy. The article focuses on the changes occurring within the French educational system in order to accomodate this reality by preparing students for a practical translation test in order to earn a certificate in the translation of…

  14. Problemes d'analyse du discours. Essai de description du discours francais sur la Chine (Problems in Discourse Analysis. An Attempt to Describe French Discourse on China).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marindin, Jean-Marie

    1979-01-01

    The following topics are developed: (1) the problematic aspect of the analysis of French discourse, an introduction to methods, theories and applications; (2) the proposals of M. Pecheux; (3) precisions to render operative definitions derived in the proposals; (4) the Macciocchi manner of speaking; and (5) the Peyrefitte manner of speaking. (AMH)

  15. Variation et heterogeneite de recits en francais de jeunes eleves tunisiens (Variation and Heterogeneity of the French Narrative Productions of Young Tunisian Students).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anane, Chiraz

    2001-01-01

    This study analyzes narrative productions in the French of 10 Tunisian pupils selected from 2 schools (1 in an urban area, 1 in a rural area) in Tunisia (Tunis). The purpose of the study was to observe the development of the French language in native Tunisian Arabic speakers. Particular attention is focused on the narrative structure and time…

  16. Teaching English Language Arts to Francophone Program Students, Grades 3 to 9: Bridging the Francais and English Language Arts (ELA) Programs of Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    This document is the first in a 3-part collection titled "Teaching English Language Arts (ELA) to Francophone Program Students" to be used primarily by ELA teachers in their efforts to ensure that francophone program students build on their established French language skills when learning English. It is designed to show that a strong correlation…

  17. Representations et Competencies vis-a-vis de l'Ecrit Chez des Enfants Francais et Allemands d'Age Prescolaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preteur, Yves; Louvet-Schmauss, Eva

    1994-01-01

    Compares German and French preschool children's attitudes about school and literacy. Notes that French preschools aim to prepare children for primary education, whereas German preschools give priority to learning through play. Finds that children developed attitudes in line with their preschool system and that only French children from deprived…

  18. Role-Playing as a Method of Teaching Civilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbin, Diane H.

    This paper describes how role-playing was used in a French culture and civilization class at Eastern Washington State College. The class was conducted entirely in French, and each class member read the same material for each day. L. Wylie's "Les Francais" was used as the class text, and "Comment vivent les Francais" by Girod and Grand-Clement was…

  19. Patterns and Policies: The Changing Demographics of Foreign Language Instruction. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liskin-Gasparro, Judith E., Ed.

    This collection of papers is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Changing Patterns: Curricular Implications," includes "Basic Assumptions Revisited: Today's French and Spanish Students at a Large Metropolitan University" (Gail Guntermann, Suzanne Hendrickson, and Carmen de Urioste) and "Le Francais et Mort, Vive le Francais: Rethinking the Function…

  20. Apports de l'analyse du discours a l'enseignement de la langue (Contributions of Discourse Analysis to Language Teaching).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Betsy K.

    1990-01-01

    For better comprehension and more communicative production among francophones, students of French should be taught the use and function of detached phrases as they are used in popular spoken French. A specific approach distinguishing between appropriate spoken and written usage is outlined. (20 references) (MSE)

  1. Enseignement de la langue francaise au Maroc et dialogue des cultures (Teaching of the French Language in Morocco and Dialogue of Cultures).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lahjomri, Abdeljalil

    1984-01-01

    In the process of Arabization of Morocco, it is necessary to maintain French language instruciton, but as a necessary foreign language and not as a primary language. French remains an important part of Morocco's diverse cultural identity. (MSE)

  2. Pour une etude des rapports aux langues maternelles dans la migration (Toward a Study of the Relationship of Native Languages to Migration)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Heredia-Deprez, Christine

    1976-01-01

    This article wishes to initiate a sociolinguistic study of the linguistic behavior of migrant workers in France. The methodology proposed is to resemble that presently used by US sociolinguists in the study of American ethnic communities and include such basic concepts as "Linguistic Community" and "Language Loyalty." (Text is in French.) (TL)

  3. Tirer le meilleur parti de la langue: Entretien avec Patrick Charaudeau (Making the Best Use of the Language: An Interview with Patrick Charaudeau).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pecheur, Jacques

    1993-01-01

    The author of a new French grammar textbook focusing on the best use of language to express meaning is interviewed. Topics include theories that have influenced the grammarian, distinction between grammar for instruction and grammar for reference purposes, aspects of writing a grammar textbook, and attention given to oral language. (MSE)

  4. Denomination et categorisation des modeles d'enseignement des langues: entre institution et pratique (Denomination and Categorization of Language Teaching Models: Between Institution and Practice).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajo, Laurent; Matthey, Marinette

    1998-01-01

    The process and issues of labeling language program models is discussed insofar as it may affect the objectives, content, and method of instruction. The first section describes the origins, stated objectives, and implementation of a Neuchatel (Switzerland) school program integrating heritage language and culture into the school curriculum, noting…

  5. Les aspects psycholinguistiques de la suggestopedie appliquee a l'enseignement des langues (Psycholinguistic Aspects of Suggestopedia as Applied to Language Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belanger, Bagriana

    This article elucidates suggestopedia from both a linguistic and a pedagogical point of view. The introduction deals with psycholinguistics in order to establish a connection between the psychology of language, the philosophy of language, and the general theory of suggestion (suggestology). Suggestopedia is seen as bringing to bear on methodology…

  6. Les linguistes et les questions de langue au Quebec: points de vue (Linguists and Language Questions in Quebec: Points of View).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deshaies, Denise, Ed.; Ouellon, Conrad, Ed.

    Papers, all in French, address four issues concerning linguistics and language in Quebec: language quality and linguistic reality; linguistic politics and the future of French in Quebec; the linguist's role in modern society; and dictionaries. Each section includes an untitled, substantive introduction and several papers. Papers include: "Discours…

  7. L'Enseignement de la phonologie d'une deuxieme langue aux adultes (Teaching the Phonology of a Second Language to Adults)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rochet, Bernard

    1978-01-01

    Audio-visual methods which are successful in immersion and FLES programs are not successful with adults. It is suggested that a cognitive approach to learning the sound system, which is usually systematic, would be more effective. It would also satisfy the students' intellectual curiosity. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  8. Reading in 3 Languages. La lectura en 3 idiomas. La lecture en langues. Manual Prepared for the Bilingual Demonstration Project, Title VII.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Bilingual Education.

    The manual contains forms, handouts, checklists, and other materials used in and developed by the Bilingual Screening and Reading Clinic Demonstration Project of New York City's Community School District 3. The materials are provided for teachers and administrators to use or modify for working with bilingual school populations in need of…

  9. De la base cerebrale du fonctionnement phonique d'une langue (On the Neural Basis of Language at the Phonic Level). Publication B-189.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Pierre

    Current research on the contributions of neurobiology to the understanding of language, and more specifically of phonics, is reviewed. After an introductory section, the second section provides a brief historic perspective on neurolinguistic research, beginning in the early nineteenth century. The third section focuses on what is known about the…

  10. DOSSIER SUR "LA FORMATION PROFESSIONNELLE DES DIRECTEURS DE LABORATOIRE DE LANGUES" (PROPOSED COURSE OF STUDY FOR THE PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION OF LANGUAGE LABORATORY DIRECTORS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PLASTRE, GUY

    THE NEED FOR LANGUAGE LABORATORY SPECIALISTS TO MEET THE CHANGES IN MODERN LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY IS EMPHASIZED BY THE AUTHOR IN THIS REPORT. SUGGESTIONS ARE GIVEN FOR SPECIALIZED COURSES OF STUDY TOWARD A MASTER'S DEGREE FOR LANGUAGE LABORATORY DIRECTORS. SELECTIONS SHOULD BE MADE FROM BLOCKS OF COURSES IN (1) LINGUISTICS, MODERN LANGUAGES,…

  11. Les sciences appliquees et la formulation des programmes de langues d'un "service commun" (Applied Sciences and Program Design at a "Language Center").

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Janet E.

    1981-01-01

    Examines the needs and objectives behind the expression "languages for special purposes," considering the problems faced by a language center that attempts to provide strictly specialized programs of instruction. Describes a method for the analysis of student needs as applied to the Department of Agriculture at the University of Newcastle. Societe…

  12. Expression dramaturgique: "Quand le prof' de langue devient animateur en expression et en communication!" (Dramatic Expression: "When the Language Prof Becomes the Inspiration for Expression and Communication!")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldhendler, Daniel

    1983-01-01

    Techniques of classroom role playing that promote student involvement and bring language to life are outlined and discussed, including principles of drama and communication, techniques of theatrical production, and group dynamics. Use is recommended in conventional introductory courses, advanced courses where communication is emphasized, and…

  13. 5-12 ans, l'eveil a une langue etrangere (5-12 Years, The Awakening to a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pottier, Patricia; Communeau, Pascal

    1988-01-01

    A French language program for Mexican children established by the Franco-Mexican Alliance uses penpal correspondence to motivate language learning. Age-appropriate and balanced learning activities and a well-articulated progression of courses make this a successful approach for children. (MSE)

  14. Problemes de l'enseignement de la langue seconde standard pour les minorites culturelles (Problems in Standard Second Language Teaching for Cultural Minorities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, William F.

    Second-language and native-language methodologies are equally inappropriate as a foundation for the language training of cultural minorities. Second-language methodologies are based on the assumption that the language is to be acquired in school, as either a subject or a school activity. The relationship between teaching and learning is taken for…

  15. L'enseignement des langues secondes standard aux minorites culturelles a Bruxelles (Standard Second Language Instruction to Cultural Minorities in Brussels).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Vriendt, Sera

    Three major issues in the second language instruction of migrant primary school children in Brussels are discussed: (1) how to develop communicative competence; (2) how to ensure correct pronunciation; and (3) how to improve nonverbal communication. In the case of pronunciation, a "soft" method without explanation about articulation or drills is…

  16. La Dimension Interculturelle de la Formation des Enseignants de Langues Etrangeres (The Intercultural Dimension of the Training of Foreign Language Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calliabetsou-Coraca, Popi

    A discussion of the cultural aspect of language teacher training looks at the current situation and offers some possible directions for the future. "Cultural" is intended to signify not only the manifestations of group culture, or civilization, but also and more specifically the daily life and common experience of the group. Traditional teacher…

  17. Les Industries de la langue: Au confluent de la linguistique et de l'informatique (The Language Utilities: At the Confluence of Linguistics and Computer Science).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourret, Annie, Ed.; L'Homme, Marie-Claude, Ed.

    A collection of essays addresses aspects of the "Language Utilities," the general term for the area of the conjunction of computer science and linguistics. The following are English translations of the titles of the articles in the collections: "Industrialization of the French Language and Its Maintenance as an Important Language of Science and…

  18. Le role de l'interaction sociale dans l'enseignement des langues etrangeres (Social Interaction Role in Foreign Language Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffler, L.

    1980-01-01

    Argues that a lively and balanced social interaction among students is essential for successful second language instruction. Suggests that teachers receive training in interpersonal relationships and group dynamics and that they plan activities promoting effective classroom interaction. Defines communication rules and describes procedures intended…

  19. Monday Morning: A Magazine for Language Teachers in China = Lundi Matin: Revue pour professeurs de langues en Chine, 1985-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monday Morning, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This document consists of all six issues of the bilingual (English and French) periodical "Monday Morning" published from its inception in 1985 through 1992. This publication was developed by the Canada/China Language Training Centre (C/CLTC), a language teaching enterprise that provides French or English language training to Chinese technicians…

  20. Le Bilinguisme chez l'Enfant et l'Apprentissage d'une Langue Seconde: Bibliographie Analytique (Child Bilingualism and Second Language Learning: A Descriptive Bibliography).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afendras, Evangelos A.; Pianarosa, Albertina

    This annotated bibliography on child bilingualism and second language acquisition contains 1,661 references. Preceding the bibliographic entries are a list of the major conceptual fields covered by the bibliography, a subject index and an index of languages, countries and peoples dealt with in the bibliography. The indices refer to the entries in…

  1. Amenagement et politique linguistques: La politique des langues au Benin (Language Management and Language Policy: The Politics of Language in Benin).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halaoui, Nazam

    2001-01-01

    Distinguishing between language management and language policy, examines the politics of language in Benin from independence to the present. Describes the politics of language in Dahomey, the early policies of Benin, and the Republican politics of language, arising from the national constitutional convention and striving to address the needs of…

  2. En Bons Termes avec les Etudes Sociales. Glossaire pour les 10e, 11e, et 12e Annees (On Good Terms with the Social Studies. A Glossary for the 10th, 11th, and 12th Years).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Language Services Branch.

    This social studies resource is designed for French-speaking high school students who have need for definitions of widely used terms relating to social studies. Divided into four sections, the first section presents a term, the gender of the French term, a related term, the definition, a sentence using the word, and the English equivalent. The…

  3. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Troisieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 3.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  4. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Quatrieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 4).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  5. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Troisieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 3).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  6. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Sixieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  7. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Huitieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 8.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  8. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Neuvieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 9.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  9. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Deuxieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  10. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Huitieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 8).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  11. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Cinquieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  12. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Premiere annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  13. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Septieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 7).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  14. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Huitieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 8).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 8 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning"Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  15. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Premiere annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 1).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  16. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Quatrieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 4).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  17. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Cinquieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 5.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  18. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Neuvieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  19. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Deuxieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 2.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  20. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manual a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Sixieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 6).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning"Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  1. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Premier annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 1.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 1 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  2. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Cinquieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 5 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  3. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Septieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 7).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  4. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: Troisieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grade 3).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 3 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  5. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Sixieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 6.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 6 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  6. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Septieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 7.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 7 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  7. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Neuvieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 9 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Junior High Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  8. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: Deuxieme annee (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grade 2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 2 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  9. Ce que mon enfant apprend l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: Quatrieme annee. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grade 4.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the Grade 4 curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Elementary Schools," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in Alberta are expected to…

  10. La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

    1985-01-01

    Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)

  11. Pratique des relations internationales en francais. Deuxieme partie: Ecrit: de l'analyse de discours aux pratiques pedagogiques (The Practice of International Relations in French. Part Two: Writing: From Discourse Analysis to Pedagogical Practice).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaelides, Maro P.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the use of discourse analysis with students who are familiar with international relations and interested in understanding discourse organization in greater depth. The discussion indicates how such a procedure can help students understand and produce texts in their field. Several examples are included. (MSE)

  12. Avez-vous vu la meme chose que les Francais? Stereotypes et documents authentiques video. (Did You See the Same Thing as the French? Stereotypes and Authentic Video Documents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilczynska, Weronika

    1990-01-01

    This discussion treats cultural stereotypes as a significant issue in second-language instruction, and examines the role of video documents from the mass media in helping students perceive and understand such stereotypes. (MSE)

  13. Le "Futur Anterieur" comme temps du passe: Remarques sur un emploi particulier frequent du "futur anterieur" en francais. (The "Futur Anterieur" as Past Tense: Remarks on a Particular Frequent Use of the "Futur Anterieur" in French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinmeyer, Georg

    1987-01-01

    Explains how the "futur anterieur" is often used to indicate past time in French grammar. Using authentic evidence from a news magazine, some hypotheses on the conditions of use of the "futur anterieur" are suggested. Criteria for distinguishing past tense functions from modal functions are also presented. (TR)

  14. Une verification de l'efficacite de la methode verbo-tonale: apprentissage du /y/ francais par des americanophones (Testing of the Efficiency of the Verbo-Tonal Method: The learning of the French /y/ by Speakers of American English)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort, Paul; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This article describes a study designed to test the basic notions of the verbo-tonal method of error correction in second language learning, a method based on an awareness of the phonological system of the speaker's native language and its influence on the phonological system of the target language. (Text is in French.) (CLK)

  15. Une epreuve orale de francais en fin d'etudes de gestion. Construction et implications pedagogiques (An Oral French Exam at the End of a Marketing Program. Construction and Pedagogical Implications).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawshaw, Robert H.

    1984-01-01

    An oral language test administered at the end of a four-year program combining business administration and French is described. The test consists of the formal presentation of a report including numbers, graphics, and text, a discussion of a theoretical issue, and interview. (MSE)

  16. De L'Economie des moyens linguistiques en francais et en anglais dans l'usage standard contemporain (On the Economy of Linguistic Means in French and English Standard Contemporary Usage).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calve, Pierre

    1989-01-01

    The conciseness and "ease of use" often attributed to North American English relative to French in standard contemporary usage is explained in terms of English morpho-syntactic structure and of the values of the classical norm and rhetoric affecting French. (Author/MSE)

  17. Le langage des "gendarmes" et des "voleurs": etude comparative du vocabulaire de la pegre et de la police en francais et en anglais ("Cops" and "Robbers" Language: A Comparative Study of the Underworld and Police Vocabulary of French and English).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunet, Jean-Paul

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the meaning and origins of the word "argot," its cryptic character, and its function in a closed social group, focusing on a comparative description of the French and Anglo-American vocabulary of the underworld and the police. Comments on shared traits and provides an insight into the differences. (MES)

  18. Evaluation du systeme de traduction automatique SYSTRAN anglais-Francais, version 1978, de la Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Evaluation of the English-French SYSTRAN Machine Translation System, 19 version, of the Commission of European Communities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Slype, Georges

    1979-01-01

    Describes the French-English version of the SYSTRAN machine translation system, used by the Commission of European Communities, and an evaluation study which examined the quality, cost, and weaknesses of the system. The study concluded that this type of system is useful for "pretranslation" and "rough" translation only. (AM)

  19. Project experimentale sur le bilinguisme Creole-Francais au niveau de l' enseignement primaire en Haiti (Experimental Project on Creole-French Bilingualism at the Primary Level in Haiti).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Ronceray, Hubert; Petit-Frere, Serge

    1975-01-01

    This is a progress report on the first year of an experimental bilingual education project for primary education in Haiti, sponsored by the Centre Haitien d' Investigation en Sciences Sociales (CHISS), The center's goal was to carry out a scientific project, to secure the facts from emotional and political prejudice. The point is to show the…

  20. Vingt-cinq ans dans l'evolution d'une politique de diffusion du francais (Twenty-Five Years in the Evolution of the Politics of the Diffusion of French).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulanger, Lionel; Daniel, Pierre

    1984-01-01

    The theme of a conference in honor of the centennial of a famous French teaching institution was the 25-year French policy of spreading the French language internationally. Discussions focused on the cultural politics involved and their institutionalization, and the evolution of methods to carry out this policy through the medium of linguistic…

  1. L'enseignement d'une langue (non-maternelle ou maternelle) aux apprenants en difficulté et aux enfants issus de milieux socialement défavorisés

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wambach, Michel

    1986-06-01

    Official statistics reveal a high percentage of school failure at primary-school level in Belgium, notably among children from socially disadvantaged backgrounds, be they francophone or foreign. Furthermore, the percentage of adult illiteracy is rising. These situations share a common root: the methodology of the mother tongue at school and the approach to the written language in particular. After defining the psychological objective of a language course the present study proposes a methodology, a synthesis of up-to-date psycho-pedagogical, linguistic and (neuro) biological trends. The data from this research make it possible to verify the working hypotheses which have been elaborated and revised over the last twenty years. Within the recommended methodology, the libération de la parole (`liberation of speech') occupies an important place. This initial stage increases and reinforces the creative dispositions in the child and prepares for real language activities. These help the child to communicate and enable a functional learning of the language. The methodology of reading takes into account research conducted on the operation of the memory and the selective activity of the brain. A first evaluation of the methodology has verified the working hypotheses. Moreover, the pupils in the experimental classes obtained markedly higher grades in tests such as reading comprehension, elaborating texts and in those tests calling for imagination and creativity.

  2. Technologie de l'Education et democratisation de l'enseignement: deux methodes d'enseignement des langues vivantes (Educational Technology and Democratization of Teaching: Two Methods of Teaching Modern Languages).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langouet, G.

    1979-01-01

    Describes a study comparing two methods of teaching English as a foreign language in France: a traditional and an audiovisual method. The research methodology is described in detail. The central question is not which method is better, but who benefits most from the method used. (AMH)

  3. Langue et rapports sociaux. Analyse des language d'usage chez des Italiens de deuxieme generation (Language and Social Relationships. Analysis of Languages Used by Second-Generation Italians).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortier, Anne-Marie

    A study investigated the choice of language (French, English, or Italian) for different activities and with different individuals among second-generation Italians in Quebec through interviews with 12 adults. The report first provides a sociolinguistic profile of the subjects and identifies the social factors associated with language choice in…

  4. Le Rapport langue-culture dans les organisations internationales: Pour Une Sociologie des organisations internationales (The Relationship between Language and Culture in International Organizations: Toward a Sociology of International Organizations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jastrab de Saint Robert, de Marie-Josee

    1988-01-01

    Understanding the work of international organizations requires an understanding of the relationship between language and culture, a relationship evident in the activities of the international organizations. This relationship is partly responsible for the negative image of such organizations. Research in the sociology of international organizations…

  5. L'apport des sciences du langage a la diversification des methodes d'enseignement des langues secondes en fonction des caracteristiques des publics vises (Relating Language Sciences to the Diversification of Second Language Teaching)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roulet, E.

    1976-01-01

    This article criticizes the earliest applications of linguistic theory to second language teaching (behaviorism and structuralism, for example), and presents the major linguistic and pedagogical orientation of the new multi-media methods which focus on the actual needs and abilities of students. (Text is in French.) (CDSH/CLK)

  6. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle en Republique Federal Allemande. Tendances et concepts (The Teaching of the Native Language in the Federal Republic of Germany. Tendancies and Concepts).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rigol, Rosemarie

    1979-01-01

    Describes the relationship between the political structure and traditional tendencies in education as these relate to language instruction. Problems in language and culture of immigrant children are treated as well as methods involving an orientation toward communication skills. (AMH)

  7. Contribution a l'etude du probleme de la difficulte en langue etrangere (A Contribution to the Study of the Problem of the Difficulty in Learning a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ragusich, Nicolas-Christian

    A knowledge of areas of difficulty as well as their underlying causes is necessary before instructional materials, teaching techniques, and evaluation methods in foreign language instruction can be organized. This research describes three methods of analyzing the problems in foreign language learning and suggests their complementary role in…

  8. L'Approche Macro-Linguistique du Fonctionnement des Langues et Ses Implications Pedagogiques: Role du Visuel (The Macro-Linguistic Approach to Language Functions and Its Pedagogical Implications: Role of the Visual Component). Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holec, H.

    This article considers the function and choice of visual aids in the teaching of languages in the light of recent work on communicative competence. An analysis of cartoons, comic strips, and television drama demonstrates that authentic verbo-visual communication consists of a network of interactions between visual and verbal information. This…

  9. Prevailing Lexical-Stylistic Features in Emirati Language Learners' Digital Discourse (Caractéristiques lexicales stylistiques dominantes dans le discours numérique des apprenants en langue émirienne)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grigoryan, Tsoghik

    2015-01-01

    Today's language classroom is undergoing an irreversible hyperbole and one of the most powerful drivers of this transformation is ICT. Digital classroom not only exposes the learners to grammatical language of linguistics, but rather the everyday life of the language in use (Thurlow & Mroczek, 2011). The aim of this study was to explore the…

  10. L'analyse psycholinguistique de l'activite langagiere en langue non-maternelle: Bilan des recherches actuelles (Psycholinguistic Analysis of Non-Native Language Activity: Indications on Current Research).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pyee-Cohen, Doris

    1986-01-01

    Reviews research on the psycholinguistic processes underlying second-language learning, especially as it relates to the concept of interlanguage and the contributions made by sociolinguistics, neurolinguistics, and cognitive psychology. (MSE)

  11. Homogeneite et heterogeneite de la langue latine selon Varron et Aulu-Gelle: aspects historique, social et fonctionnel (Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Latin Language According to Varron and Aulu-Gelle: Historic, Social and Functional Aspects).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amacker, Rene

    2001-01-01

    Of the many Latin texts that provide views on language, and in particular on linguistic change and variation, Varro's "De Lingua Latina" and Gellius'"Noctes Atticae," provide good examples of the perspectives of the stoic philosopher and of the antiquarian philologist. Stoics suggest that language was created as perfect as possible. In this view,…

  12. The Teaching of Russian Language and Literature in Europe = L'enseignement de la langue et de la litterature russes en Europe = Prepodavanie russkogo yaeyka i literatury v Europe. Proceedings of the AIMAV Seminar (17th, Brussels, Belgium, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankoff, Jean, Ed.; And Others

    Papers from the Proceedings of the 17th meeting of the AIMAV (Association internationale pour le developpement de la communication interculturelle) are collected in this volume. Conference papers appear either in English, in French, or in Russian. For purposes of this abstract, all titles below have been translated into English. The…

  13. Hypermnesie dans l'enseignement des langues etrangeres--peut on apprendre 500 mots en 3 ou 4 heures? (Hypermemory in Second Language Instruction: Can One Learn 500 Words in 3 or 4 Hours?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiffler, Ludger

    1988-01-01

    Four experiments, varying slightly in instructional method but all using the suggestopedic approach, confirmed that large amounts of second language vocabulary can be learned in a few hours. None of the experiments reached the vocabulary quantity of the Lozanov studies. The suggestopedic-corporal model was the most effective. (MSE)

  14. L'enseignement des langues: Pour qui? Pour quoi? (Language Teaching: For Whom? For What Purpose?). Proceedings of the annual Symposium of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (7th, Sherbrooke, Canada, May 6, 1976). Publication B-62.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taggart, Gilbert, Ed.

    These 16 papers in French and English deal with questions related to the purpose of learning a language, one's native language as well as a second one. Specifically, the presentations deal with the following topics: (1) consideration of learners' needs; (2) the usefulness of learning English in Quebec; (3) the tension between knowledge and…

  15. L'application d'un modele mathematique a l'analyse de dissertations en langue seconde: utile ou pas (Application of a Mathematical Model in the Analysis of Essays in a Second Language: Useful or Not?)?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbeil, Giselle

    1998-01-01

    A study analyzed the second-language essays of seven anglophone and one French-speaking Quebec university students enrolled in a literature course by using a cognitive-metacognitive framework developed for mathematical problem-solving and a think-aloud protocol. Results indicate the framework, with some adjustments, is a reliable tool for…

  16. L'environnement pedagogique: source de difficulte dans la maitrise des habiletes phonetiques en langue seconde (The Learning Environment: Source of Difficulty in the Mastery of Second Language Phonetic Skills).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Champagne, Cecile

    1984-01-01

    Research is reported that showed phonetic and phonological training to be given peripheral attention or neglected in second language instruction in one geographic area. It is suggested this neglect stems from (1) low teacher and student expectation of success in attaining a native-like accent, and (2) assumptions that a non-native-like accent will…

  17. Les contributions de la psychologie cognitive a l'enseignement strategique des langues secondes au niveau universitaire (The Contributions of Cognitive Psychology to Strategic Second Language Instruction at the University Level).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besnard, Christine

    1995-01-01

    Contributions of the field of cognitive psychology to second language instruction are reviewed. It is proposed that these concepts can contribute not only to classroom language instruction, but also to methodology of language teacher education. (MSE)

  18. L'enseignement de la musique et de la langue seconde: pistes d'integration et consequences sur les apprentissages (The Teaching of Music and Second Language: Paths for Integration and Consequences for Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Anne S.

    1998-01-01

    An experiment in a grade 2 French immersion program compared performance of a group-taught music lessons totally integrated into classroom instruction and a group not given music instruction. Pre- and post-tests of tonal-rhythmic patterns and form that have commonalities with pronunciation, oral grammar, vocabulary, and reading comprehension found…

  19. L'enseignement des langues d'origne a l'ecole publique en Ontario et au Quebec: Politiques et enjeu (Heritage Language Instruction in Public Schools in Quebec and Ontario: Official Policy).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAndrew, Marie

    1991-01-01

    Represents a comparative analysis of the instructional policies for heritage language programs in Ontario and Quebec. It is concluded that the differences in the programs reflect a distinct difference between the two provinces with relation to interethnic relations. (VWL)

  20. La conception et le role des materiels pedagogiques dans l'enseignement des langues secondes (The Conception and Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Second Languages). CILA Bulletin, No. 29.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redard, F., Ed.; And Others

    This special issue concerns the content, function, and form of instructional materials dealing with second language instruction. The following articles appear: (1) "Deliberate Semantics--an 'Interventionist' Approach to Second Language Teaching Methodology," by A.P.R. Howatt; (2) "Sprechakte und Sprachunterricht (Speech Acts and Language…

  1. Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Works in Linguistics). Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travaux Neuchatelois de linguistique (TRANEL), 1985

    1985-01-01

    The five papers in this collection include: "Apprendre a apprendre les langues: 'Mais je veux etre un handicape linguistique!'" (Learning To Learn Languages: But I Want To Be Linguistically Handicapped!) (Richard Duda); "Pedagogie integree des langues maternelle et seconde. La conscience des problemes chez les enseignants et chez les enseignes"…

  2. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2003-2004: 10e, 11e, and 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2003-2004: Grades 10, 11, and 12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton.

    Noting that parents are vital partners in the educational system, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the senior high school (grades 10-12) curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Programs of Study: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students in…

  3. La reussite scolaire de votre enfant: Pour aider votre enfant a mieux apprendre a la Maison et a l'ecole, de la 1re a la 9e annee. Manuel d'accompagnement a l'intention du parent = The Parent Advantage: Helping Children Become More Successful Learners at Home and School, Grades 1-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Catherine; Antaya-Moore, Dana

    This guide for French-speaking parents of students with learning disabilities in Alberta presents a variety of strategies parents can use to help their children in grades 1 through 9 become successful learners. Section 1 offers ideas for helping students get and stay organized, such as using self-talk to create a positive attitude and organizing…

  4. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2002-2003: 10e, 11e, 12e annees. (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2002-2003: Grades 10, 11, and 12.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

  5. Ce que mon enfant apprend a l'ecole. Manuel a l'intention des parents, 2001-2002: 10e, 113 et 12e annees (What My Child Learns in School. Curriculum Handbook for Parents, 2001-2002: Grades 10, 11 and 12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Direction de l'education francaise.

    Noting that high school students are faced with decisions that will determine future opportunities and endeavors, this French-language handbook provides parents with information about the high school curriculum in Alberta, Canada. Based on the Alberta Learning "Program of Studies: Senior High School," the handbook describes the knowledge, skills,…

  6. Melanges Pedagogiques (Pedagogical Mixture), 1986/87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melanges Pedagogiques, 1987

    1987-01-01

    The 1986/87 issue of the journal on second language teaching and learning contains seven articles in French and four in English, including: "Learning How To Learn English"; "Socrate est-il un chat? Pratiquer le syllogisme pour apprendre a argumenter (Is Socrates a Cat? Practicing Syllogisms To Learn To Argue)"; "La production orale en francais des…

  7. EPA/IFP EUROPEAN WORKSHOP ON THE EMISSION ON NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report summarizes the proceedings of an EPA/Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) cosponsored workshop addressing direct nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from fossil fuel combustion. The third in a series, it was held at the IFP in Rueil-Malmaison, France, on June 1-2, 1988. Increas...

  8. Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (12th, Quebec City, Canada, March 26-27, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boissonneault, Chantal, Ed.

    Papers on language research include: "L'expression de l'opposition en Latin" ("The Expression of Opposition in Latin" (Claude Begin); "Le francais de l'Abitibi: characteristiques phonetiques et origine socio-geographique des locuteurs" ("The French of Abitibi: Phonetic Characteristics and Socio-Geographic Origin of Speakers") (Chantal…

  9. Paradoxes in French-Language Instruction: Recent Social and Historical Research on Literacy in France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rockwell, Elsie; Galvao, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This essay on three recent books by outstanding scholars--"La raison scolaire" by Bernard Lahire, "Histoire de l'enseignement du francais du XVII[superscript e] au XX[superscript e] siecle" by Andre Chervel, and "L'ecole et la lecture obligatoire" by Anne-Marie Chartier--offers the opportunity to acquaint readers with French research on teaching…

  10. Current Approaches to the Teaching of Foreign Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, Martin T.; And Others

    Five papers presented at a language conference are compiled in this report. They include: (1) "Le Francais au Pot-Pourri," or "Adapting the 'Open-Classroom' to the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (2) "We Can Teach Anyone to Speak French," (3) "The Use of Puppetry in the Teaching of Foreign Languages," (4) "A New Perspective for Integrated Foreign…

  11. Multilingual Thesauri for the Modern World - No Ideal Solution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorna, Kerstin; Davies, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Discusses thesauri as tools for multilingual information retrieval and cross-cultural communication. Considers the need for multilingual thesauri and the importance of explicit conceptual structures, and introduces a pilot thesaurus, InfoDEFT (Information Deutsch-English-Francais Thesaurus), as a possible model for new online thesauri which are…

  12. Actes des Journees de linguistique (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference) (15th, Quebec, Canada, March 15-16, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goulet, Marie-Josee, Ed.

    Papers on language research in this volume include the following: "Temporalite en francais de France. Differences dans la conceptualisation du temps et son expression dans un texte narratif oral" ("Differences in the Conceptualization of Time and Its Expression in Oral Narratives") (Natalia Dankova); "La traduction des textes womanist: le cas de…

  13. Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Py, Bernard, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…

  14. Travaux du laboratoire de traitement du langage et de la parole (Laboratory Work in the Treatment of Language and Linguistics).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosjean, Francois, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    Research papers on language and linguistics include: "Enchainement des mots et acces au lexique en francais" ("Word Order and Lexical Access in French") (Besson); "L'apport de la coarticulation dans la perception de consonnes occlusives et constrictives" ("The Contribution of Coarticulation to the Perception of Occlusive and Constrictive…

  15. Travaux Neuchatelois de Linguistique (TRANEL) (Neuchatel Working Papers in Linguistics), Volume 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Py, Bernard, Ed.; Rubattel, Christian, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    Three papers in linguistics, all in French, are presented. "La delocutivite lexicale en francais standard: esquisse d'un modele derivationnel" ("Lexical Delocutivity in Standard French: Sketch of a Derivational Model"), by Marc Bonhomme, examines the process by which certain expressions become neologisms. "La terminologie de l'Essai de grammaire…

  16. FDM Video Classe: Modes d'emploi pour la classe (FDM Video Class: Classroom Uses).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beacco, Marcella Di Giura

    1996-01-01

    Content and design of the videotape series FDM Video Classe, produced by the journal "Le francais dans le monde," are described and classroom uses suggested. The materials are from authentic television programs, selected to illustrate aspects of French culture. It is suggested that the teacher also provide students with supporting materials that…

  17. Some Recent French Courses: Kindergarten to Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinrib, Alice

    1976-01-01

    The following courses of study in French at the primary level are described and evaluated: (1) "En Avant" (E. J. Arnold, 1966), (2) "Repondez s'il vous plait" (Copp Clark, 1975), (3) "Pour les Tous Petits" (Carleton Board of Education, 1974), (4) "Dansons la Capucine (Clarke Irwin, 1973), and (5) "Le Francais Partout: Aux Yeux des Petits" (Holt,…

  18. Games for the Foreign Language Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillan, Nancy; Madaras, Susan W.

    Two marketing games are described, "Le Marche Francais" and "El Mercado: The Mexican Market Comes to Life in the Spanish Classroom." Both are patterned after a published game entitled "Market: A Simulation Game." The adaptation in each instance relied on simplifying the original game and presenting it in a form understandable to middle school…

  19. En Francasis: A Supplement of Classroom Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enwall, Beverly; Joiner, Elizabeth

    This classroom activity supplement is designed to accompany the "En Francais" language instruction series (programs 1-13) used on closed circuit television in South Carolina. It is intended to enrich classroom follow-up of the film program and to prvide a variety of activities and suggestions for teaching French language skills. Lessons introduce…

  20. Year-One Evaluation of French in the Elementary Schools. Research Report 75-17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleadow, N. E.

    During the 1974-1975 school year eight itinerant French teachers travelled among 20 elementary schools teaching oral French to Grade 6 and Grade 7 students. Each teacher was responsible for two or three schools, The course was based on the book Le Francais Partout-Cours Preliminaire (1967) ed.). The study described in this report was initiated to…

  1. From CD-ROM to the WWW: Coming Full Circle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burston, Jack

    1998-01-01

    Describes the challenges faced and solutions adopted in adapting the multimedia-rich "Varietes de francais" CD-ROM program to operate on the World Wide Web. The program runs locally to retrieve media resources, perform intelligent answer processing and data collection, and turns to the Web only when necessary for data transfer, external Web links,…

  2. Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, K. E., Ed.

    This is the fifth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Connaissez-vous Milivox?"/"Do You Know about Milivox?," (2) "L'Audiomil Francais," (3) "An Attempt at the Construction of a Phonetic Discrimination Test…

  3. Melanges, No. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melanges, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Ethnographie comparee de la salle de classe en France et en grande-Bretagne" (Comparative Ethnography of the Classroom Environment in France and Great Britain) (F. Carton); "Pour une approche micro et macro du francais parle dans la formation des enseignants de FLE" (Toward a Micro and…

  4. Report on a Fulbright Year in France: Toulouse-Le Mirail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emblidge, David

    1979-01-01

    Describes the experience which seemed to bear out the diagnosis of French history, character, and culture in "Le mal francais" by Peyrefitte. Intra-departmental relationships, the curriculum, course content, student life and attitudes, the physical plant, and the examination system are among the topics discussed. (AMH)

  5. Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Ronald E.

    1994-01-01

    Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

  6. Actes des journees de linguistique: Colloque sur la recherche etudiante (Proceedings of the Linguistics Conference: Colloquium on Student Research) (Quebec, Canada, March 18-19, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lepage, Danielle, Ed.; Dominik, Annette, Ed.

    Presentations by students at a colloquium on student research on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the University of Laval's Faculty of Letters, March 18-19, 1988, include: "Une enquete sur la qualite du francais ecrit au Quebec"; "Amenagement linguistique et neologie"; "Analyse syntaxique des 'arrets et retours' en arabe morocain parle";…

  7. French Video Cassettes Produced by the Ecole Commerciale de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris: Maximizing the Cultural and Linguistic Returns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Charlotte P.

    This paper discusses the use of videotapes furnished with the "Valise du Francais des Affaires" from the Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris to teach business French. In the videotapes, French employers discuss the type of employee they would like to hire, and the problems they have encountered in some of the interviews they have conducted…

  8. De l'analyse de contextes a la pedagogie des textes (From Analysis of Context to Pedagogy of Texts)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehmann, Denis

    1976-01-01

    A detailed description of the "Dictionnaire contextual de francais pour la geologie." This study is used as an example of such a dictionary serving as a basic tool in the study of functional French. Such dictionaries can be useful in conceptual approaches to language learning. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  9. The Combined Use of Radio and Television and Correspondence Courses in Higher Education. (European University and Post-University Distant Study Systems).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefranc, Robert

    The 1960's witnessed in Europe the development of distant study systems based, to begin with, essentially on radio and/or television together with correspondence courses. In secondary education these included the German Telekolleg and the French RTS Promotion, produced under the auspices of the Office Francais des Techniques Modernes d'Education;…

  10. ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE FOR FRENCH-SPEAKING STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ontario Curriculum Inst., Toronto.

    THIS REPORT WAS SUBMITTED IN JULY 1965 BY THE FRANCAIS SUB-COMMITTEE AND THE MODERN LANGUAGE COMMITTEE TO THE ONTARIO CURRICULUM INSTITUTE. THE SUBJECT WAS A SURVEY UNDERTAKEN IN 1964 TO STUDY THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH IN CANADIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS ATTENDED BY FRENCH-SPEAKING STUDENTS. THE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUE INVOLVED IN THE SECONDARY EDUCATION OF…

  11. The Training of Modern Language Teachers in Various Countries. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques," No. 20. Selected papers from the Association Internationale pour la Recherche et la Diffusion des Methodes Audio-Visuelles et Structuro-Globales Seminar (5th, August 27-September 1, 1973).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nivette, Jos, Ed.

    Selected papers that address theoretical and practical training of the modern language teacher and language teaching experiments in various countries are presented. Some of the articles included are the following: "Les problemes de la formation linguistique et pedagogique des professeurs de francais en Afrique Subsaharienne" (The Problems of the…

  12. Die CREDIF-Methodik. Versuch einer kritischen Bestandsaufnahme (The CREDIF Methodology. An Attempt at a Critical Evaluation)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firges, Jean

    1975-01-01

    A critique of the audiovisual courses of Level 1 produced by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etudes pour la Diffusion du Francais. Discusses the textbook "Bonjour Line" (for 8- to 11-year-olds), "Voix et Images de France" and "De Vive Voix" (both for those older than 11). (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  13. Les mammiferes aquatiques: lexique anglais-francais des mammiferes marins actuels ou recemment disparus, y compris les especes d'eau douce des groupes surtout marins (Aquatic Mammals: English-French Glossary of Livinq or Recently Extinct Marine Mammals, Including the Fresh Water Species of Prevalently Marine Groups).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nekrassoff, Vladimir N.

    1980-01-01

    Introduces a new glossary of aquatic mammals representing recent taxonomic revisions. Describes its design, which consists of the glossary proper, listing the scientific name of each entry followed by its English and French equivalents, and of two indexes, listing other common names for the same entries referred back to the scientific term. (MES)

  14. (Biotechnology for the conversion of lignocellulosics)

    SciTech Connect

    Woodward, J.

    1990-10-25

    This report summarizes the results of the traveler's participation in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Network planning meeting for Biotechnology for the Conversion of Lignocellulosics,'' held at the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), Rueil-Malmaison, France. It also summarizes the results of discussions held at Aston University, Birmingham, UK, with Dr. Martin Beevers with whom the traveler is attempting to initiate a collaborative research project that will be beneficial to ongoing research programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The itinerary for the trip is given in Appendix A; the names of the people contacted are listed in Appendix B. Also, pertinent information about the Institut Francais du Petrole is attached (Appendix C). 1 tab.

  15. Enseigner une strategie de revision de textes a des etudiants en langue seconde, faibles a l'ecrit: Un moyen d'ameliorer les productions ecrites (Teaching a Text Revision Strategy to Second Language Students Weak in Writing: A Means of Improving Written Production).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bisaillon, Jocelyne

    A study investigated the effectiveness of a text revision strategy in improving the writing skills of college students (St. Lawrence Campus of Champlain College in Quebec) of French as a second language. Subjects were two groups of students in one course. One group (n=24) was taught a revision technique using self-questioning to detect and correct…

  16. Genese(s) et changement(s) grammaticaux: quelques modestes lecons tirees de l'emergence des creoles et de l'acquisition des langues etrangeres (Genesis and Grammatical Changes: Some Modest Lessons Drawn from the Emergence of Creoles and the Acquisition of Foreign Languages).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veronique, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    This article considers a mechanism of the linguistic change that occurs at the grammatical- and lexical-functioning levels. The linguistic phenomenon that stem from these mechanisms can be seen in the socio-linguistic macro context of the autonomization and vehicularization of the speech. This article examines the development of the…

  17. La situation comme co-determinant des formes et des fonctions du langage; comment enseigner cet "art ellipique": parler une langue etrangere (Situation as a Co-determinant of the Form and Function of Language; How to Teach This "Elliptical Art": to Speak a Foreign Language).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartveldt, R.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses stylistic variation in communication, the elements involved (participants, contact, message, context, and code), and ways in which to incorporate the knowledge of this process in second language instruction. (AM)

  18. Decrire et enseigner une competence de communication: remarques sur quelques solutions de continuite. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (Describing and Teaching Communicative Competence: Some Remarks on Solutions of Continuity. The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages.) Acts of the Colloquium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coste, Daniel

    Two projects of the Ecole Normale Superieure de Saint-Cloud (CREDIF) are described and critically analyzed in this paper: the definition of a threshold level, "Niveau-seuil," in French and a learning module, "Looking for Work," intended to teach necessary written French to migrant workers. The threshold level section is a reference document for…

  19. Entrainement d'etudiants francophones a la negociation d'affaires et au debat public en anglais. L'Enseignement de la competence de communication en langues secondes. (Training of Francophone Students in Business Transactions and Public Speaking in English. The Teaching of Communicative Competence in Second Languages). Acts of the Colloquium of the Swiss Interuniversity Commission for Applied Linguistics. CILA Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivas, Michele

    The objective of this course is to enable students to negotiate a business transaction directly in English. The proposed setting is a conference room and the interlocutors are upper middle class professional people. The learners are students of business administration in France who already possess some knowledge of English vocabulary and grammar.…

  20. L'identite ethnolinguistique et les eleves 16 ans ou plus qui frequentent les ecoles secondaires de langue francaise de l'Ontario. Rapport de recherche (The Ethno-Linguistic Identity of Students Aged 16 Years or Older Attending French-Language Secondary Schools in Ontario. Research Report).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duquette, Georges

    The report, written in French, presents the results of a study on the ethno-linguistic identity of students aged 16 years or older attending French language secondary schools in Ontario. Goals of the questionnaire study included the following: (1) gathering demographics on students about to graduate from high school, regarding their gender,…

  1. "The Right To Speak Irish": representation de la langue gaelique en tant qu'enjeu de mobilisation militante en Irlande du Nord ("The Right To Speak Irish": Representation of the Gaelic Language as a Catalyst for Militant Activism in Northern Ireland).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Viviane

    2000-01-01

    The Irish language movement in Northern Ireland was formed in the 1970s. Pragmatic and symbolic implications of this minority language revival considerably evolved, reflecting and depending on important political changes happening in this European province. This article focuses on the representation of Irish language and the most recent strategy…

  2. Pour une ecole ouverte aux langues. Actes du Collogue organisi par le Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneve, Suisse, le 19 novembre, 1994) = Toward a School Open to Languages. Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Centre de Contact Suisses-Immigres (CCSI) (Geneva, Switzerland, November 19, 1994).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goumoens, Claire de, Ed.

    The proceedings of a Swiss conference on languages in education include: a brief preface about the conference topic; summaries in French, Albanian, German, English, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese; background information on the conference; statistics on the home and community languages of Swiss elementary and secondary school students; the…

  3. Dimerize ethylene to butene-1

    SciTech Connect

    Commereuc, D.; Andrews, J.; Chauvin, Y.; Gillard, J.; Leonard, J.

    1984-11-01

    Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has developed a new process, Alphabutol, to dimerize selectively ethylene to butene-1. The Alphabutol process uses a homogeneous catalyst which means that reactants, products and catalyst are all soluble in the same liquid phase. The new catalytic system used in the Alphabutol process avoids isomerization of butene-1 to butene-2. Therefore, there is no need for product superfractionation.

  4. How to estimate production cost by steam drive

    SciTech Connect

    Burger, J.; Champlon, D.

    1983-06-01

    The expense of steam flooding, and that of any other enhanced recovery program, can only be justified if the returns are economically attractive. Trying to determine in advance if this is the case can be difficult, but studies at Institut Francais du Petrole make such a determination fairly simple and rapid. The method is based on a theoretical grid system, with each grid having two wells - a producing well and an injection well. Standardized equipment is recommended throughout.

  5. Offshore data base shows decline in rig accidents

    SciTech Connect

    Bertrand, A.; Escoffier, L. )

    1991-09-16

    Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has compiled statistical figures on offshore accidents for risk, safety, and reliability studies. IFP calls this data base Platform. It provides a body of essential data for accidents concerning both mobile and stationary offshore drilling rigs. Historical accident data bases are a basic implement for risk assessment of safety and reliability. IFP has built this data base with all available information from 950 actual listings.

  6. Problemes theoriques et methodologiques dans l'etude des langues/dialectes en contact aux niveaux macrologique et micrologique = Theoretical and Methodological Issues in the Study of Languages/Dialects in Contact at Macro- and Micro-Logical Levels of Analysis. Proceedings of the International Conference DALE (University of London)/ICRB (Laval University, Quebec)/ICSBT (Vrije Universiteit te Brussel) (London, England, May 23-26, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanc, Michel, Ed.; Hamers, Josiane F., Ed.

    Papers from an international conference on the interaction of languages and dialects in contact are presented in this volume. Papers include: "Quelques reflexions sur la variation linguistique"; "The Investigation of 'Language Continuum' and 'Diglossia': A Macrological Case Study and Theoretical Model"; "A Survey of Dialect Grammar in British…

  7. Study Abroad as Professional Development for FSL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wernicke, Meike

    2010-01-01

    In July 2009, a group of over 80 FSL teachers from British Columbia (BC) participated in a two-week sojourn at the "Centre d'Approches vivantes des Langues et des Medias" (CAVILAM) in Vichy, France, as part of an initiative to address the critical shortage of qualified French language teachers in the province. After almost four decades of study…

  8. La parole, vue et prise par les etudiants (Speech as Seen and Understood by Student).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gajo, Laurent, Ed.; Jeanneret, Fabrice, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Articles on speech and second language learning include: "Les sequences de correction en classe de langue seconde: evitement du 'non' explicite" ("Error Correction Sequences in Second Language Class: Avoidance of the Explicit 'No'") (Anne-Lise de Bosset); "Analyse hierarchique et fonctionnelle du discours: conversations entre basketteurs a plus de…

  9. Experiments in English for Special Purposes. Melanges Pedagogiques, 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duda, R.; And Others

    This report describes four experiments in English for Special Purposes conducted by or involving the Centre de Recherches et d'Applications Pedagogiques en Langues. English for Special Purposes is discussed in relation to language skills, grammatical and functional progression, "autonomization" and individualization of language acquisition, and…

  10. The passe surcompose regional: Towards a Definition of its Function in Contemporary Spoken French.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carruthers, J.

    1994-01-01

    Investigates the double compound that is a feature of the regional French of the langue d'oc and franco-provencal areas. Analysis suggests that, in addition to the temporal and aspectual properties traditionally attributed to this form, the expressive properties of the surcompose regional are central to any description of its function in…

  11. Bureau for International Language Coordination (BILC) Bulletin No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, K. E., Ed.

    This is the fourth in a continuing series of bulletins dealing with international approaches and problems in language instruction in the military. Articles contained in this volume include: (1) "Drill Materials for Advanced Students," (2) "Comment un aveugle peut apprendre une langue etrangere"/"How a Blind Man Can Learn a Foreign Language," (3)…

  12. Views and Workshops of a Master's Class in Intercultural Competence: Mill's Model of Intercultural Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ioannitou, Gina

    2010-01-01

    This paper is the result of a participative process in which the students of the Master's Degree "Didactique des Langues" (foreign language didactics) at Universite du Maine (Le Mans, France) explored through whole-class activities the field of intercultural dialog and intercultural competence teaching. Our approach to intercultural teaching…

  13. On Research Methodology in Applied Linguistics in 2002-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martynychev, Andrey

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examined the status of data-based research in applied linguistics through an analysis of published research studies in nine peer-reviewed applied linguistics journals ("Applied Language Learning, The Canadian Modern Language Review / La Revue canadienne des langues vivantes, Current Issues in Language Planning, Dialog on Language…

  14. NOTES ON CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE IN CULTURE AND SOCIETY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PRIDE, J.B.

    IN THIS PAPER THE AUTHOR IS PRESENTING AN OVERVIEW OF CURRENT RESEARCH, BOTH IN THE FIELD OF LINGUISTICS AND IN OTHER FIELDS, ON THE LINGUISTIC EXPRESSION OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL MEANING. THE MAJOR TOPICS DISCUSSED INCLUDE--(1) CULTURAL COMPENTENCE (LANGUE AND PAROLE, CO-EXISTING COMPETENCES), (2) DOMAINS AND ROLE RELATIONS, (3) SPEECH FUNCTIONS,…

  15. Exploring the Ancestral Roots of American Sign Language: Lexical Borrowing from Cistercian Sign Language and French Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagle, Keith Martin

    2010-01-01

    American Sign Language (ASL) is the natural and preferred language of the Deaf community in both the United States and Canada. Woodward (1978) estimated that approximately 60% of the ASL lexicon is derived from early 19th century French Sign Language, which is known as "langue des signes francaise" (LSF). The lexicon of LSF and ASL may be derived…

  16. Documenting and Researching Endangered Languages: The Pangloss Collection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michailovsky, Boyd; Mazaudon, Martine; Michaud, Alexis; Guillaume, Séverine; François, Alexandre; Adamou, Evangelia

    2014-01-01

    The Pangloss Collection is a language archive developed since 1994 at the Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale (LACITO) research group of the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). It contributes to the documentation and study of the world's languages by providing free access to documents of connected, spontaneous…

  17. The DELF in Canada: Perceptions of Students, Teachers, and Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandergrift, Larry

    2015-01-01

    The "Diplôme d'études de langue française" (DELF) has recently gained attention in Canada for its potential as a national French second language (FSL) proficiency test. This article explores the perceptions of students, teachers, and parents in various school jurisdictions across Canada on a range of issues related to the DELF test…

  18. Bilinguisme et biculturalisme: Theories et pratiques professionnelles. Actes du 2eme colloque d'orthophomie/logopedie (Neuchatel, 17-18 septembre, 1992). (Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Theories and Professional Practices. Colloquium on Orthophony/Logopedy (2nd, Neuchatel, Switzerland, September 17-18, 1992)).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Py, Bernard, Ed.

    1993-01-01

    The conference papers from a colloquium on issues in bilingualism and biculturalism include: "Le bilinguisme et biculturalisme: essai de definition" ("Bilingualism and Biculturalism: Attempt at Definition") (Francois Grosjean); "La variation individuelle dans l'acquisition d'une langue seconde" ("Individual Variation in Second Language…

  19. Secondary Social Studies Teachers' Time Commitment When Addressing the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenna, Joshua L.; Russell, William Benedict, III

    2015-01-01

    In 2010 the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) were officially released in America for mathematics and English language arts and soon adopted by 45 of the 50 states. However, within the English langue arts domain there were standards intended for secondary social studies teachers under the title, Common Core State Standards for English Language…

  20. The Role of Women in Foreign-Language Textbooks: A Collection of Essays. Collection d'"Etudes linguistiques" No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freudenstein, R., Ed.

    Essays that consider the way that women are portrayed in foreign language textbooks are presented. The selected essays were submitted to a competition sponsored by the Federation Internationale des Professeurs de Langues Vivantes, which requested that language teachers assess such concerns as: (1) whether women were described in a stereotyped way;…

  1. LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen

    SciTech Connect

    1997-02-24

    Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

  2. Downhole frac monitoring system developed

    SciTech Connect

    Sarda, J.P.; Wittrisch, C.; Perreau, P.; Deflandre, J.P.

    1987-04-06

    A hydraulic fracture monitoring system makes it possible to determine the azimuth, length, and height of hydraulic fractures. Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has designed, patented, and field tested the system, which is designated Simfrac. It consists of a downhole monitoring tool with real-time surface readout and recording of microseismic events generated during the fracture opening or closing that occurs after the injection of fracture fluids. Combining Simfrac Interpretation with mathematical models can provide a better image of downhole stresses improved hydraulic fracture design, and can indicate optimum drill sites.

  3. Qui sera le nouvel Einstein ? Vers une nouvelle theorie de la gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonnet-Bidaud, J. M.

    1999-10-01

    Un debat de plus d'un siecle a resurgi ces toutes dernieres annees avec une vigueur nouvelle. L'enjeu ? Mettre fin, ni plus ni moins, a l'une des contradictions les plus inouies de la physique fondamentale, en reconciliant mecanique quantique et relativite generale. En effet, a l'heure ou la gravitation semble enfin sur le point de fusionner avec les trois autres forces de la nature. il est certain que la relativite d'Einstein doit etre bientot remplacer par une autre theorie... Reste quye tous les physiciens sont loin de s'accorder sur la marche a suivree. Gravitation quantique, relativite d'echelle, supersymetrie, les candidates ne manquent pas.

  4. The determination of residence times in a pilot plant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramírez, F. Pablo; Cortés, M. Eugenia

    2004-01-01

    It is well known that residence time distributions (RTD) are very important in many chemical processes such as separation, reforming, hydrocracking, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrodesulfuration, hydrogenation among others [3 Procédés de transformation, Editions Technip, Institute Francais du Petrole, Paris, France, 1998]. In addition, tracers can be used to measure the velocity, distribution and residence time of any stream through any part of an industrial [Guidebook on Radioisotope Tracers in Industry, IAEA, Vienna, 1990] or experimental system. Perhaps the best quality of radiotracers is that they do not interfere with normal unit operations or production scheduling. In this paper are presented the RTDs obtained in a pilot plant for a hydrogenation process [IMP, Technical Report, Determinación del tiempo de residencia promedio en el reactor de la planta piloto de hidroagotamiento de crudo, 2002]. The RTDs show a random phenomenon, which is not typical of this type of chemical processes. Several RTDs were determined in order to confirm this random behavior. The data were obtained using as a tracer a radioactive form of sodium iodide containing iodine-131 [The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 10th Ed., Van Nostrand Reinhold, USA, 1981]. The process works with two phases in a countercurrent flow, inside a packed column. The liquid phase goes down by gravity. The gas phase goes up due to pressure difference [3 Procédés de transformation, Editions Technip, Institute Francais du Petrole, Paris, France, 1998]. The tracer was selected such that it would follow the liquid phase.

  5. A dictionary of Astronomy for the French Sign Language (LSF)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proust, Dominique; Abbou, Daniel; Chab, Nasro

    2011-06-01

    Since a few years, the french deaf communauty have access to astronomy at Paris-Meudon observatory through a specific teaching adapted from the French Sign Language (Langue des Signes Françcaise, LSF) including direct observations with the observatory telescopes. From this experience, an encyclopedic dictionary of astronomy The Hands in the Stars is now available, containing more than 200 astronomical concepts. Many of them did not existed in Sign Language and can be now fully expressed and explained.

  6. Les cooperatives et l'electrification rurale du Quebec, 1945--1964

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dorion, Marie-Josee

    Cette these est consacree a l'histoire de l'electrification rurale du Quebec, et, plus particulierement, a l'histoire des cooperatives d'electricite. Fondees par vagues successives a partir de 1945, les cooperatives rurales d'electricite ont ete actives dans plusieurs regions du Quebec et elles ont electrifie une partie significative des zones rurales. Afin de comprendre le contexte de la creation des cooperatives d'electricite, notre these debute (premiere partie) par une analyse du climat sociopolitique des annees precedant la naissance du systeme cooperatif d'electrification rurale. Nous y voyons de quelle facon l'electrification rurale devient progressivement, a partir de la fin des annees 1920, une question d'actualite a laquelle les divers gouvernements qui se succedent tentent de trouver une solution, sans engager---ou si peu---les fonds de l'Etat. En ce sens, la premiere etatisation et la mise sur pied d'Hydro-Quebec, en 1944, marquent une rupture quant au mode d'action privilegie jusque-la. La nouvelle societe d'Etat se voit cependant retirer son mandat d'electrifier le monde rural un an apres sa fondation, car le gouvernement Duplessis, de retour au pouvoir, prefere mettre en place son propre modele d'electrification rurale. Ce systeme repose sur des cooperatives d'electricite, soutenues par un organisme public, l'Office de l'electrification rurale (OER). L'OER suscite de grandes attentes de la part des ruraux et c'est par centaines qu'ils se manifestent. Cet engouement pour les cooperatives complique la tache de l'OER, qui doit superviser de nouvelles societes tout en assurant sa propre organisation. Malgre des hesitations et quelques delais introduits par un manque de connaissances techniques et de personnel qualifie, les commissaires de l'OER se revelent perspicaces et parviennent a mettre sur pied un systeme cooperatif d'electrification rurale qui produit des resultats rapides. Il leur faudra cependant compter sur l'aide des autres acteurs engages

  7. Remote-controlled bent sub aids directional drilling by allowing bend-angle change

    SciTech Connect

    Bardin, C.A.

    1989-01-30

    A remotely controlled bent sub has proved its usefulness and efficiency in drilling extended buildups (including drilling out cement and vertical trajectories) as well as in correction runs. The bent sub, T3000 Telepilote, was developed jointly by IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole) and SMFI (Societe Materiel de Forage International). The advantages of this tool range from the bend angles that can be remotely controlled from the surface and by the remote-control system itself. This system is compatible with all equipment in the drillstring, and in particular with MWD tools (positive mud pulse, negative mud pulse, etc.). One main advantage is that the zero position (straight configuration) of the bent sub allows continuous drilling without tripping in between drilling out cement and the vertical section, if any, and drilling the kickoff and buildup.

  8. Methanol gas-treating scheme offers economics, versatility

    SciTech Connect

    Minkkinen, A.; Larue, J.Y. ); Patel, S. ); Levier, J.F. )

    1992-06-01

    This paper reports on a process that has been developed by Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) to treat natural-gas using methanol as a single, basic solvent to dehydrate, control dew point, recover hydrocarbon liquids, and sweeten produced gas. The impetus for IFP's research and developmental efforts which began in 1986 was to integrate the functional process steps - dehydration, NGL extraction, and acid-gas removal - into a compact solvent process with which water, NGL, and acid gases could be extracted with only a single solvent. Pilot testing and detailed evaluation of Ifpexol with competitive technologies indicated that it exhibits low thermal-energy requirements, has no vent emissions, and allows recovery of process water. Petro-Canada has agreed to collaborate with IFP by installing the first industrial application at its East Gilby gas plant in Alberta.

  9. Global refining beyond the year 2000 - A European perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez, R.G.

    1996-01-01

    A new French publication from Editions Technip contains a broad-based discussion on the economic and processing parameters that will shape the refinery of the future. Process experts from Institut Francais Du Petrole (IFP) have constructed a {open_quotes}road map{close_quotes} for refining and petrochemical flow schemes that should interest industry planners and decision makers throughout the world. The importance attributed to the characterization of crude oils and petroleum products is stressed. On a directional basis, the industry will see more emphasis on methodologies to improve existing conversion and separation processes. Buzzwords such as biorefining, refinery integrated information systems, petrochemical/refinery integration and many others will find a forum in future publications.

  10. IFP offers three new process technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-11-23

    Institut Francais du Petrole is offering three new processing technologies for license, including one for isomerizing normal C[sub 4] olefins to isobutylene. The latter process, called ISO-4, provides an economically attractive way for refiners and ethylene manufacturers to convert fluid cat cracker and steam cracker C[sub 4] cuts to methyl tertiary butyl ether, says IFP. In ISO-4 units, the catalyst moves continuously down the reactor bed. When it reaches the bottom, it is removed from the reactor, regenerated, and returned to the top of the bed, all continuously. With a constant flow of fresh catalyst, operations can run several years without shutdown for catalyst regeneration, IFP claims. The ISO-4 catalyst is the same type as that used in IFP's octanizing process. The low attrition rate and thorough, continuous regeneration cycle of the Octanizing catalyst result in long service.

  11. C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ Alcohols from syngas

    SciTech Connect

    Courty, P.; Arile, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenki, P.; Sugler, A.

    1984-11-01

    Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of byproducts and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems-water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies-can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results/sup 1/ show that a mixture of 15-20 wt% C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

  12. C/sub 1/C/sub 6/ alcohols from syngas

    SciTech Connect

    Courty, Ph.; Arlie, J.P.; Convers, A.; Mikitenko, P.; Sugier, A.

    1984-11-01

    Alcohol synthesis is a favorable way to upgrade syngas because of: positive thermodynamics, low yield of by-products and economics. Besides alcohol production for petrochemical uses, a second use has begun: the development of a competitive process for the production of C/sub 1/-C/sub 6/ alcohol mixture, suitable as motor fuel blending component. Methanol is easily produced from syngas but its use as a single gasoline blend component has weaknesses. The two major problems - water-rich phase separation and vapor lock tendencies - can be alleviated by incorporating a cosolvent into the methanol-gasoline blend. The Institut Francais du Petrole (I.F.P.) process produces methanol-heavier alcohols mixture directly suitable for gasoline blending. Previous results show that a mixture of 15-20 weight % C/sub 2/+ alcohols and 80-85% methanol is adequate to avoid separation under French climatic conditions.

  13. Three years' experience with the offshore self-boring pressuremeter ''PAM''

    SciTech Connect

    Brucy, F.; Fay, J.B.; LeTirant, P.

    1984-05-01

    The Offshore Self-Boring Pressuremeter (PAM) has been developed by the Institut Francais du Petrole for geotechnical investigations in water depths up to 1000 meters. The PAM was first presented at the 1981 OTC. It mainly consists of a seabed frame from which a self-boring pressuremeter probe is operated. To date, the PAM has totaled nearly 450 meters of borehole depth and more than 200 pressuremeter tests. Investigations have been performed in a wide variety of soil types. The latest deepwater campaign was carried out successfully in the Mediterranean at a water depth of 625 meters. Extensive geotechnical information is obtained from a PAM boring operation. The use of the pressuremeter method for offshore investigations and foundation designing should open up very interesting prospects.

  14. Parallel acoustic wave propagation and generation of a seismic dataset

    SciTech Connect

    Oldfield, R.; Dyke, J.V.; Semeraro, B.D.

    1995-12-01

    The ultimate goal of this work is to construct a large seismic dataset that will be used to calibrate industrial seismic analysis codes. Seismic analysis is used in oil and gas exploration to deduce subterranean geological formations based on the reflection of acoustic waves from a source to an array of receivers placed on or near the surface. This work deals with the generation of a test set of acoustic data based on a known representative geological formation. Industrial users of the data will calibrate their codes by comparing their predicted geology to the know geology used to generate the test data. This is a cooperative effort involving Los Alamos, Sandia, Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore national labs as well as Institut Francais du Petrole and the Society of Exploration Geophysicists.

  15. Transfert radiatif numerique pour un code SPH

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Viau, Joseph Edmour Serge

    2001-03-01

    Le besoin de reproduire la formation d'etoiles par simulations numeriques s'est fait de plus en plus present au cours des 30 dernieres annees. Depuis Larson (1968), les codes de simulations n'ont eu de cesse de s'ameliorer. D'ailleurs, en 1977, Lucy introduit une autre methode de calcul venant concurrencer la methode par grille. Cette nouvelle facon de calculer utilise en effet des points a defaut d'utiliser des grilles, ce qui est une bien meilleure adaptation aux calculs d'un effondrement gravitationnel. Il restait cependant le probleme d'ajouter le transfert radiatif a un tel code. Malgre la proposition de Brookshaw (1984), qui nous montre une formule permettant d'ajouter le transfert radiatif sous la forme SPH tout en evitant la double sommation genante qu'elle implique, aucun code SPH a ce jour ne contient un transfert radiatif satisfaisant. Cette these presente pour la premiere fois un code SPH muni d'un transfert radiatif adequat. Toutes les difficultes ont pu etre surmontees afin d'obtenir finalement le transfert radiatif "vrai" qui survient dans l'effondrement d'un nuage moleculaire. Pour verifier l'integrite de nos resultats, une comparaison avec le nonisothermal test case de Boss & Myhill (1993) nous revele un resultat fort satisfaisant. En plus de suivre fidelement la courbe de l'evolution de la temperature centrale en fonction de la densite centrale, notre code est exempt de toutes les anomalies rencontrees par les codes par grille. Le test du cas de la conduction thermique nous a lui aussi servit a verifier la fiabilite de notre code. La aussi les resultats sont fort satisfaisants. Faisant suite a ces resultats, le code fut utilise dans deux situations reelles de recherche, ce qui nous a permis de demontrer les nombreuses possibilites que nous donne notre nouveau code. Dans un premier temps, nous avons tudie le comportement de la temperature dans un disque d'accretion durant son evolution. Ensuite nous avons refait en partie une experience de Bonnell

  16. Sur la nature des absorbeurs dans l'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boisvert, Jean-Sebastien

    L'interpretation transactionnelle de la mecanique quantique est l'une des plus recentes propositions de description des phenomenes du microcosme. En accord avec les predictions de la mecanique quantique standard, l'interpretation transactionnelle propose une alternative a celle de Copenhague. Son principal avantage est qu'elle permet de visualiser les mecanismes sous-jacents a l'echange d'energie, de quantite de mouvement ou d'autres quantites quantiques entre un emetteur et un absorbeur. Ces echanges sont le resultat, a l'instar de la theorie de l'absorbeur de Wheeler et Feynman, de l'utilisation autant d'ondes avancees que retardees. Bien que l'interpretation transactionnelle n'ait pas attire la plus grande attention scientifique, plusieurs critiques lui ont ete adressees. Dans les annees 1990, differentes experiences a mesure sans interaction ont ete concues. Depuis, il a ete avance que la version originale de l'interpretation transactionnelle pouvait difficilement rendre compte de ce type d'experience et meme qu'elle n'est pas compatible avec le concept d'univers quadridimensionnel. La recherche de ce memoire par article consiste a montrer que lorsque l'on utilise systematiquement l'interpretation transactionnelle en considerant la configuration totale des absorbeurs (incluant l'absorbeur universel), il n'est pas necessaire de faire appel a une hierarchie de transactions comme certains l'ont propose.

  17. Algorithmes et architectures pour ordinateurs quantiques supraconducteurs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blais, Alexandre

    Depuis sa formulation, la theorie de l'information a ete basee, implicitement, sur les lois de la physique classique. Une telle formulation est toutefois incomplete puisqu'elle ne tient pas compte de la realite quantique. Au cours des vingt dernieres annees, l'expansion de la theorie de l'information englobant les effets purement quantiques a connu un interet grandissant. La realisation d'un systeme de traitement de l'information quantique, un ordinateur quantique, presente toutefois de nombreux defis. Dans ce document, on s'interesse a differents aspects concernant ces defis. On commence par presenter des concepts algorithmiques comme l'optimisation de calculs quantiques et le calcul quantique geometrique. Par la suite, on s'interesse au design et a differents aspects de l'utilisation de qubits bases sur les jonctions Josephson. En particulier, un nouveau design de qubit supraconducteur est suggere. On presente aussi une approche originale pour l'interaction entre qubits. Cette approche est tres generale puisqu'elle peut etre appliquee a differents designs de qubits. Finalement, on s'interesse a la lecture des qubits supraconducteurs de flux. Le detecteur suggere ici a l'avantage de pouvoir etre decouple du qubit lorsqu'il n'y a pas de mesure en cours.

  18. The origin of life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McClendon, John H.

    1999-07-01

    Microfossil finds have been firmly established at about 3.5 Ga (giga annee=10 9 years), but no rocks older than about 4.0 Ga have been demonstrated, leaving the history of the first 0.6 Ga missing. This gap has been filled by models of the solar system. The origin of the ocean, atmosphere, and much crustal material apparently lies in a heavy rain of comets, subsequent to the catastrophic Moon-forming event. The earliest microfossils are those of the Apex chert in Australia, about 3.5 Ga old. `Prebiotic' simulations of possible biochemistry have made some progress in recent years, but many obstacles remain, and there is no agreement as to the course of development. The `ribose nucleic acid (RNA) World', aboriginal `clay genes', and catalysis on iron-sulfide precipitates are not ruled out. The search for the `last common ancestor' has reached a point between the Bacteria and the Archaea. It is possible that this organism may have been a thermophile, similar to many modern hot spring organisms. But it is likely to have been an autotroph, and a late development after the true origin of life. Even more speculative are suggestions about the origins of metabolic sequences, in particular the origin of the genetic code. Since all modern organisms share this code (and many other things), there had to be a long history of development during the blank period of Earth history.

  19. Humain behavior

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

  20. Humain behavior

    SciTech Connect

    2006-05-04

    Le Dr.Muriel James est ingénieur, conseiller/consultant dans plusieurs commissions (p.ex.justice criminelle au Japon) et universités et est l'auteur de nombreux livres (11) traduits dans plusieurs langues. Le plus connu de ses ouvrages est "Born to win". Dans son exposé elle se réfère à son livre "O.K.Boss" et parle d'un modèle spécifique du comportement humain et de ses qualités essentielles qui est la base de son travail.

  1. Utilisation de l'essai comete et du biomarqueur gamma-H2AX pour detecter les dommages induits a l'ADN cellulaire par le 5-bromodeoxyuridine post-irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    La Madeleine, Carole

    Ce memoire est presente a la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante de l'Universite de Sherbrooke en vue de l'obtention du grade de maitre es sciences (M.Sc.) en radiobiologie (2009). Un jury a revise les informations contenues dans ce memoire. Il etait compose de professeurs de la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante soit : Darel Hunting PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Leon Sanche PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Richard Wagner PhD, membre du programme (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie) et Guylain Boissonneault PhD, membre exterieur au programme (departement de biochimie). Le 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), un analogue halogene de la thymidine reconnu depuis les annees 60 comme etant un excellent radiosensibilisateur. L'hypothese la plus repandue au sujet de l'effet radio sensibilisant du BrdU est qu'il augmente le nombre de cassures simple et double brin lorsqu'il est incorpore dans l'ADN de la cellule et expose aux radiations ionisantes. Toutefois, de nouvelles recherches semblent remettre en question les observations precedentes. Ces dernieres etudes ont confirme que le BrdU est un bon radiosensibilisateur, car il augmente les dommages radio-induits dans l'ADN. Mais, c'est en etant incorpore dans une region simple brin que le BrdU radiosensibilise l'ADN. Ces recherches ont egalement revele pour la premiere fois un nouveau type de dommages produits lors de l'irradiation de l'ADN contenant du BrdU : les dimeres interbrins. Le but de ces travaux de recherche est de determiner si la presence de bromodeoxyuridine dans l'ADN augmente l'induction de bris simple et / ou double brin chez les cellules irradiees en utilisant de nouvelles techniques plus sensibles et specifiques que celles utilisees auparavant. Pour ce faire, les essais cometes et la detection des foci H2AX phosphorylee pourraient permettre d'etablir les effets engendres par

  2. Evolution des quasiparticules nodales du cuprate supraconducteur YBa2Cu3Oy en conductivite thermique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rene de Cotret, Samuel

    Ce memoire presente des mesures de conductivite thermique sur les supraconducteurs YBCO et Tl-2201 afin de statuer sur la presence possible d'un point critique quantique (QCP) dans le diagramme de phase de cuprates. Ce point critique quantique serait a l'origine de la reconstruction de la surface de Fermi, d'un large cylindre de trous en de petites poches de trous et d'electrons. La conductivite thermique dans le regime T → 0 permet d'extraire une quantite purement electronique liee aux vitesses de Fermi et du gap, au noeud. Une discontinuite dans cette quantite pourrait signaler la traversee du dopage critique qui reconstruit la surface de Fermi. Plusieurs sondes experimentales distinguent une transition de phase ou un crossover a T* a temperature finie. D'autres sondes mettent en evidence une transition de phase sous l'effet d'un champ magnetique. La presence ou non de cet ordre, a temperature et champ magnetique nul questionne la communaute depuis plusieurs annees. Dans cette etude, nous detectons une variation brusque de kappa0/T a p = 0.18 dans YBCO et a p = 0.20 dans Tl-2201. Ces sauts sont interpretes comme un signe de la transition a temperature nulle et sont en faveur d'un QCP. Le manque de donnees d'un meme materiau a ces dopages ne permet pas de valider hors de tout doute l'existence d'un point critique quantique. Le modele theorique YRZ decrit aussi bien les donnees de conductivite thermique. Des pistes de travaux experimentaux a poursuivre sont proposees pour determiner la presence ou non du QCP de facon franche. Mots-cles : Supraconducteurs, cuprates, conductivite thermique, point critique quantique.

  3. Satisfaction survey in general hospital personnel involved in blood transfusion: implementation of the ISO 9001: 2000 standard.

    PubMed

    Chord-Auger, S; Tron de Bouchony, E; Moll, M C; Boudart, D; Folléa, G

    2004-10-01

    As part of its policy of constant quality improvement, Etablissement francais du sang (EFS) des pays de la Loire (Pays de la Loire Regional Blood Transfusion Centre) carried out a satisfaction survey among the hospital personnel involved in prescribing and using immunohaematological tests and labile blood products (LBP). The polling tool selected by agreement between the Saint Nazaire's hospital management and Quality Assurance (QA) Department was a questionnaire that permitted item rating and free commentary. It addressed the personnel's perception of the quality of erythrocyte immunohaematological (EIH) testing and of the products administered, as well as their perception of the quality of communications with the local EFS. The questionnaire was sent to 26 physicians and 32 senior nurses in 15 hospital departments. The reply rate was 60% and expressed an 85% overall satisfaction level. Dissatisfaction causes were more specifically analysed, the main one involving LBP distribution in emergency situations. A joint undertaking by the EFS and the hospital led to the implementation of corrective measures, including the writing and implementation of a common standard operating procedure for emergency transfusion management. The results obtained demonstrated the feasibility of this type of survey and the interest, to a blood transfusion centre and the hospital personnel involved in transfusion, of assessing their very own perception of service quality.

  4. Pilot scale production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma reesei

    SciTech Connect

    Warzywoda, M.; Chevron, F.; Ferre, V.; Pourquie, J.

    1983-01-01

    The French substitute fuels program aims at the substitution of part of gasoline by methanol. In order to avoid phase separation of the gasoline-methanol blend, a cosolvant has to be added; one of the most efficient cosolvants is the mixture of acetone and butanol produced by anaerobic acetone-butanol fermentation. The Institut Francais du Petrole is thus implementing a research and development program on the production of acetone butanol from biomass, either sugar crops (fodder beets and Jerusalem artichoke) or lignocellulosic (corn stover and wheat straw). Production of sugars from lignocellulosics is a major part of this program. The enzymatic hydrolysis route, based on Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic enzymes, has been chosen since it does not cause any degradation of C/sub 5/ sugars which are good substrates of the acetone butanol fermentation. Efficient and cheap large-scale production of cellulolytic enzymes is thus a key step in this process. This paper reports on production of cellulases by Trichoderma reesei in a 3-m/sup 3/ pilot fermentor under conditions which should facilitate the scaling-up of the process. 7 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

  5. Comparison of effectiveness of sub-slab ventilation systems for indoor radon mitigation: A numerical study; Comparaison a l`aide d`un outil numerique de l`efficacite des systemes de ventilation active du sol limitant la penetration du radon dans l`habitat

    SciTech Connect

    Bonnefous, Y.C. |; Gadgil, A.J.; Allard, F.

    1992-04-01

    The functioning of an active sub-slab ventilation system (SVS) has been studied successfully with the help of a previously evaluated numerical model. The parameters explored are the permeability of the sub-slab and the gravel placed beneath it, the amplitude of applied pressure at the installation point of the system and the functioning method: depressurization or pressurization. The mechanisms contributing to the success of the two systems are identified. This numerical study shows that the presence of a layer of gravel beneath the sub-slab considerably improves the performance of the SVS. Considered separately from the extremely permeable sub-slabs, the depressurization systems perform better than the pressurization systems. 17 refs. [Francais] Le fonctionnement des Systemes de Ventilation active du Sol (SVS) a ete etudie a l`aide d`un outil numerique precedemment evalue avec succes. Les parametres explores sont les permeabilites du sol et du gravier place sous plancher bas, l`amplitude de la pression appliquee au point d`installation du systeme, et le mode de fonctionnement: Depressurisation ou Pressurisation. Les mecanismes contribuant au succes des deux systemes sont identifies. Cette etude numerique montre que la presence d`une couche de gravier sous plancher bas ameliore de facon considerable les performances des SVS. Mis a part le cas des sols extremement permeables, les systemes de Depressurisation ont de meilleures performances que les systemes de Pressurisation. 17 refs.

  6. Development of a New Stratigraphic Trap Exploration Using Elastic-Wave Seismic Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan DeVault

    2008-02-05

    Vecta acquired 9 square miles of 9-C seismic data in Mountrail County, North Dakota with the Mission Canyon shoreline as a primary target. Vecta contracted the Institute Francais du Petrole in order to co-develop a more rigorous multicomponent seismic interpretation product. The final interpretation was very unique in that it utilized not only the 9-C seismic data but also the new jointly developed software. A Mission Canyon anomaly was developed in 2006; however, it was of insufficient size to be a commercial target at the time. Therefore, Vecta analyzed the shear data for anisotropy within the Bakken formation and successfully reentered an abandoned producer within the project area and drilled a horizontal leg through the anomalous zones of the middle member of the Bakken formation. The well was open hole completed, swab tested, sand fraced, and swab tested some more. No shows of oil were ever seen from the Bakken formation, but the well yielded considerable amounts of formation water. The well has been abandoned as non-commercial. From the swab tests, one may conclude considerable permeability exists in the formation, thus confirming the utility of the shear wave to detect fractures within the targeted formation.

  7. Geologic and structural map of eastern Asia

    SciTech Connect

    Letouzey, J.; Sage, L.

    1986-07-01

    A synthesis of the onshore and offshore geologic data of eastern Asia, prepared by the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), has allowed the construction of geologic and structural maps for this region. These maps include three color sheets (scale = 1:2.5 million) and three plates of geologic and structural cross sections. Located between lat. 4/sup 0/ and 35/sup 0/N, and long. 106/sup 0/ and 132/sup 0/E, the maps cover the following geographic areas: East and South China Sea, Sulu Sea, West Philippine basin and onshore neighboring terrains, Kyushu and Ryukyu Islands, the China margin, Taiwan Island, Vietnam, North West Borneo, and the Philippines. The maps synthesize seismic interpretations, oil well data, geologic work in south Japan, Taiwan, Borneo, and the Philippines, and recent data published between 1976 and 1985. Twenty-four geologic cross sections (scale = 1:1.25 million, vertical exaggeration x 6) intersect ocean margins, important basins, and the different structural domains. They are based on seismic profiles, well data, and available onshore and offshore geologic data. These cross sections show basement composition and structures, different tectonic and sedimentary domains, and the structure and thickness of different sedimentary deposits (such as age, unconformities, and geologic structures). Maps and cross sections will be published in early 1987.

  8. Basin analysis in a Tertiary delta by numerical modeling: Mahakam case study (Indonesia)

    SciTech Connect

    Burrus, J.; Brosse, E. ); Grosjean, Y.; Choppin de Janvry, G.; Oudin, J.L. ); Bessereau, G. )

    1990-05-01

    The evolution of the Mahakam delta is discussed on the basis of a quantitative reconstruction using the two-dimensional TEMISPACK software developed at Institut Francais du Petrole. The following steps are achieved. (1) An east-west 80-km-long regional seismic line tied on wells is used to establish a depth-section divided in 25 chronostratigraphic levels, and 40 vertical columns. Fifteen different lithologies are distinguished (between shales and sandstones, with variable total organic carbon), as interpreted from well data and seismic profiles. (2) Porosity-depth relations derived from log-data are used to backstrip the section and reconstruct the past geometries. The development of geopressures is investigated after calibration of the permeabilities on the observed lithologies. In particular, the authors account for the small-scale variations of the sandshale ratio by introducing a high anisotropy of the permeabilities. The model is shown to reproduce well observations such as depth at which geopressures appear, and gradient of pressure in the overpressured zone. The simulations show that the geopressures essentially are controlled by the distribution of the sandy layers, and are due to compaction disequilibrium (3) The generation of hydrocarbons simulated by a kinetic model and the migration (separate phase flow) of hydrocarbons is discussed. Boundary conditions and underconstrained parameters, such as capillary forces, past heat flow, etc., are discussed on the basis of a sensitivity analysis.

  9. Modeling overpressures in sedimentary basins: Consequences for permeability and rheology of shales, and petroleum expulsion efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Burrus, J.; Schneider, F.; Wolf, S. )

    1994-07-01

    The prediction of overpressures using Institut Francais du Petrole's 2-D numerical model TEMISPACK is applied to several provinces of the world. In the Paris basin, France, normally pressured Liassic shales are shown to have permeabilities around a microdarcy, independently confirmed by laboratory measurements. In contrast, in the Norway section of the North Sea, Williston Basin, Canada, Gulf Coast, and in the Mahakam delta, observed overpressures of 10-50 MPa are consistently modeled with shale permeabilities around 1-10 nanodarcys. This theoretical value fits well with the lowest permeability measured in compacted shales. For these basins, compaction disequilibrium was found to explain most (>85%) of the overpressures. The only exception was the Williston basin in which overpressures observed in the organic-rich Bakken shales are entirely due to hydrocarbon generation. In Mahakam delta, the rheology of shales is nonlinear, i.e., the strength of shales increases rapidly with death. Consequently, shale compaction cannot be described by the linear behavior often assumed in hydrology. In the absence of fault barriers, numerical simulations and geological evidence suggest that overpressured source rocks have low or very low expulsion efficiency, irrespective of their organic content. However, shales with a permeability on the order of a microdarcy do not hinder petroleum migration.

  10. IFP: Standing at the intersection between research and industry

    SciTech Connect

    Riviere, C.

    1995-08-01

    Since its formation in 1944, Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has pursued a wide range of research and development, training and information activities, servicing the complete chain of petroleum operations, ranging from exploration to the many uses of petroleum products. Standing at the intersection between research and industry, IFP combines basic research and applied industrial research. One of it roles is to contribute to renewing reserves by developing innovative technologies and to ensure the better technico-economic accessibility of discovered reserves. In exploration and reservoir engineering, the R&D program is mainly focused on subjects contributing to the development of methodologies and tools for a better assessment of petroleum resources of sedimentary basins, structural imaging, reservoir characterization, improved oil recovery, well productivity and a more intensive integration of the geosciences: geology/geophysics/reservoir engineering. Environmental protection is a subject of permanent concern at IFP. A part of the program is focused on the restoration of polluted environments. The determination to ensure the optimum dissemination of its scientific and technological patrimony in industry has justified the organization of large-scale industrial action. IFP represents an independent research center unrivaled in Europe. This situation has enabled it to emerge strongly as a leading figure in international scientific and technical circles.

  11. Manifestation of nonlinear elasticity in rock: Convincing evidence over large frequency and strain intervals from laboratory studies

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, P.A. |; Rasolofosaon, P.N.J.

    1995-11-01

    Nonlinear elastic response in rock is established as a robust and representative characteristic of rock rather than a curiosity. This behavior is illustrated from a variety of experiments conducted over many orders of magnitude in strain and frequency. The evidence leads to a pattern of unifying behavior in rock: (1) Nonlinear response in rock is enormous; (2) the response takes place over a large frequency interval (dc--10{sup 6} Hz at least); (3) the response not only occurs, as is commonly appreciated, at large strains but also at small strains where nonlinear response and the manifestations of this behavior are commonly disregarded. Nonlinear response may manifest itself in a variety of manners, including a nonlinear stress{minus}strain relation (hysteretic/discrete memory), nonlinear dissipation, harmonic generation, and resonant peak shift, all of which are related. The experiments described include: quasistatic stress{minus}strain tests (strains of 10{sup -4}--10{sup -1} at frequencies near dc-1Hz); torsional oscillator experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}7}, frequencies between 0.1 and 100Hz); resonant bar experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}4}--10{sup {minus}8}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 4} Hz); and dynamic, propagating wave experiments (strains of 10{sup {minus}6}--10{sup {minus}9}, frequencies between 10{sup 3} and 10{sup 6} Hz). [Work supported by OBES/DOE through the University of California and the Institut Francais du Petrole.

  12. 2-D modeling of gas and overpressure generation in the Venture field (Canada)

    SciTech Connect

    Forbes, P.L.; Ungerer, P. ); Mudford, S. )

    1990-05-01

    Venture field is located in an overpressured zone of gas accumulations in a region that had low sedimentation rates over the last 80 m.y. This could support the hydrocarbon generation, rather than compaction disequilibrium, as the main cause for overpressuring. Study of these accumulations can be done using the IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole) THEMIS model, which integrates compactions, hydraulic fracturation, fluid flows, heat transfer, and formation and migration of hydrocarbons. A single phase basin scale model is constructed first to assess the input parameters related to the fluid-flow reconstruction. The permeability of faults is calibrated to fit the actual pressure distribution through the field. Permeability is found to be very low and allows a fit to the regional distribution of overpressuring. In a second step, a two-phase model, restricted to the field itself, is used to test parameters related to hydrocarbon and source rocks. Gas accumulations are effectively obtained in the reservoir units. Finally, the two-phase model is extended to the regional scale to check the parameters previously assessed. At this scale, the gas and overpressure distributions are found to fit those actually observed. Gas accumulations contribute slightly to overpressuring, which is better accounted for by compaction disequilibrium despite the low sedimentation rates. Generation in or close to the reservoir unit does not contribute significantly to the gas accumulations. However, gas sources are found in the underlying formations.

  13. Engelhard and IFP/Procatalyse set up worldwide catalysts venture

    SciTech Connect

    Hunter, D.

    1992-12-02

    The new joint venture between Engelhard (Iselin, N) and Procatalyse (Paris), jointly owned by process licenser Institut Francais de Petrole (IFP; Rueil Malmaison, France) and Rhone-Poulenc (RP; Paris), marks the latest episode in the worldwide catalyst industry's restructuring. The operation will combine Engelhard's catalyst line, apart from its fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) and emission catalysts, with Procatalyse's offering. To be launched at the beginning of 1993, the venture will have annual sales of about $75 million. Reforming catalysts will be the biggest part of the venture's lineup at the outset, making it number three in the US, behind UOP - which dominates the sector - and Criterion. IFP is starting to establish a presence in North America with its reforming technology. But flat gasoline demand and reductions on aromatics in gasoline limit requirements for new reforming units, comments one competitor. Although lower sulfur specifications are putting some new demand into the hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalyst market, both partners play down their prospects. The sector, whose leaders are Akzo and Crtierion, is continuing to suffer from severe overcapacity. Procatalyse's HDS business is mainly linked to IFP licensees, while Engelhard is due to mothball its Salt Lake City HDS catalyst plant by year-end, transferring output to Elyria.

  14. Use of a combined personal computer and Rock-Eval in an integrated petroleum evaluation work station to estimate volumes of hydrocarbons generated and migrated in sedimentary basins

    SciTech Connect

    Espitalie, J.; Lafargue, E.; Drouet, S.

    1989-09-01

    A petroleum evaluation work station consisting in a modified Rock-Eval apparatus connected to an IBM personal computer has been designed at Institut Francais du petrole to estimate the amount of hydrocarbon generated and migrated in sedimentary basins. The work-station is provided with specific software for Rock-Eval data analysis, quick determination of kinetic parameters (Optim model), and quantitative hydrocarbon generation (Matoil model). Along with the classical Rock-Eval parameters (S{sub 0}, S{sub 1}, S{sub 2}, TOC, and T{sub max}), new parameters concerning the source rocks, such as the transformation efficiency ratio (TER), the migration efficiency ration (MER), and the initial generation capacity (IGC), are defined. These new parameters combined with geological data give access to a rapid volumetric estimation (in 10{sup 6}MT/km{sup 2}) of hydrocarbon generation and migration in the studied area. These data can be displayed on different specific maps for rapid visualization. This work station has been successfully used in the Paris and Aquitaine basins, making possible a better assessment of their petroleum potential. The petroleum evaluation work station appears to be a very valuable tool that can be used in the different phases of exploration in a sedimentary basin.

  15. A two-dimensional regional basin model of Williston basin hydrocarbon systems

    SciTech Connect

    Burrus, J.; Wolf, S.; Doligez, B.

    1996-02-01

    Institut Francais du Petrole`s two-dimensional model, TEMISPACK, is used to discuss the functioning of petroleum systems in the Williston basin along a 330-km-long section, focusing on four regional source intervals: Ordovician Yeoman formation, Lower Devonian Winnipegosis Formation, Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, and Mississippian Lodgepole formation. Thermal history calibration against present temperature and source rock maturity profiles suggests that the Williston basin can be divided into a region of constant heat flow of about 55 mW/m{sup 2} away from the Nesson anticline, and a region of higher heat flow and enhanced thermal maturity in the vicinity of the Nesson anticline. Original kinetic parameters used in the calibration were derived for each of the four source rocks from Rock-Eval yield curves. Bakken overpressures are entirely due to oil generation, not compaction disequilibrium. Very low Bakken vertical permeabilities range from 0.01 to 0.001 and are matched against observed overpressures, whereas Bakken porosities based on the model and confirmed by measurements are inferred to be also unusually low, around 3%.

  16. Combined modeling approaches as an aid to structural interpretation

    SciTech Connect

    Richert, J.P. ); Coletta, B. )

    1993-09-01

    Many exploration failures can be attributed to a misunderstanding of poorly expressed seismic data. To aid tectonic and structural interpretation, a combined modeling approach has been attempted in a joint research program between Elf Aquitaine Production, TOTAL, AGIP, and Institut Francais du Petrole. This approach involves analog and numerical modeling constrained by field geology models and examples. Well-studied field geology examples provide defined three-dimensional (3-D) geometries and provide clues about the mechanical history of deformation. However, the field models give a static image of the finite strain, and the different stages of deformation remain conjectural. Analog physical modeling using sand, glass powder, and silicone putty elucidates the kinematics and, to some extent, the mechanism of deformation. However, the oversimplified rheology of modeling materials implies analogy limitations and precludes perfect simulation of all natural examples. Numerical modeling, based on finite or distinct elements methods, permits quantification of stress and strain at each step of the deformation. It also offers a larger range of rheological parameters; however, those parameters are difficult to precisely equate to slow deformation on a geological time scale. Thus, each technique has its respective advantages and limitations, but the combination of the three approaches can help to define 3-D geometries and kinematics, and to evaluate the mechanism of deformation, which can be applied to the structural interpretation of seismic data. Such an interdisciplinary approach has been tested for various tectonic regimes, and examples will be given to illustrate this method of investigation.

  17. An overview of multiphase helicoaxial pumps

    SciTech Connect

    Falcimaigne, J.

    1996-02-01

    The helicoaxial concept developed by the Inst. Francais du Petrole (IFP) is one of two types of multiphase pumps extensively tested on fields and now used commercially. Helicoaxial pumps are rotodynamic turbomachines that are, in fact, hybrids between pumps and axial compressors. Helicoaxial pumps are based on special patented hydraulics designed to limit the phase separation that occurs in two-phase flow with conventional centrifugal pumps that produce a tremendous head loss. Developers have carried out extensive research and testing on actual production sites to develop helicoaxial pumping. The favorable results obtained so far confirm the soundness and versatility of the technology over a wide range of operating conditions. Helicoaxial pumps cover a larger domain of application than anticipated some years ago. They can be used with high gas volume fraction (94 to 95%) and/or low suction pressures. The pumps` inherent low weight should make them particularly attractive for large flow rates and offshore operations. Helicoaxial pumps are reliable products, technically and commercially read for field deployment.

  18. France: late abortion.

    PubMed

    Gaudry, D; Sadan, G

    1989-01-01

    In France, under the terms of a law passed by Parliament in 1975, a woman may have an abortion up to 12 weeks of pregnancy if she is a French resident and, in the event that she is a minor, she has parental consent. The woman must also have 2 medical consultations, a week apart. The woman is reimbursed by the state up to 70% of the cost of the abortion. After 12 weeks, abortion, except for therapeutic abortion, under the terms of Article 317 of the Criminal Code, is a crime, punishable by 6 months to 10 years in prison, a fine of between 1800 and 250,000 Francs, and loss of professional license. Moreover, Article 647 of the Health Code bans any advertising, incitement or propaganda for abortion or abortion-inducing products. Many French women go to Britain or Holland for abortions after 12 weeks, but they face the financial burden of traveling as well as the difficulties of getting help in a strange country and the stigma of having done something illegal. The Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial, which won the legalization of contraception in 1967, is now fighting for legal abortion as well as the distribution of information about sexuality, contraception, and abortion in the schools. 2 charges of incitement to abortion have been brought against the organization.

  19. Floridas Miami Tequesta Indian Site, Its Calusa Indian Locations, the Matacumbe Keys, and Orlandos Wikiwa Springs Generate Environmentally Significant EMFs.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mac Dougall, Jean S.; Mc Leod, Roger D.; Mc Leod, David M.

    2003-10-01

    Florida purchased the Tequesta ([Langue] doc Christ Spirit-signal) Indian site along the Miami River site that vigorously pulsates with even minor rainstorms entering or leaving the area. Although there is a laughable chimera of a fountain of youth associated with Ponce de Leons discovery of the Florida peninsula in about AD 1513, the Calusa (Royal Christ Jesus Spirit-signal) Indian Nation has an associated significance with EMF signals they possibly monitored throughout their area of activity. Our efforts have also led to the investigation of cultural and other influences implied by the Matacumbe Keys that indicate a shared commonality of awareness with Native Americans of the northeast such as Metacomet, or regions like Maines Grand Lake Matagamon and its associated electromagnetic Spirit Signal. Wikiwa Springs near Orlando shares much with Massachusetts (adherent of serpent Jesus Christ Spirit-signal) Natick, and New Hampshires Naticook Island. These are the locales of environmentally sensitive instrumentation.

  20. Management of thrombocytopenia in the ICU (pregnancy excluded).

    PubMed

    Van der Linden, Thierry; Souweine, Bertrand; Dupic, Laurent; Soufir, Lilia; Meyer, Pascal

    2012-08-28

    Thrombocytopenia is a very frequent disorder in the intensive care unit. Many etiologies should be searched, and therapeutic approaches differ according to these different causes. However, no guideline exists regarding optimum practices for these situations in critically ill patients. We present recommendations for the management of thrombocytopenia in intensive care unit, excluding pregnancy, developed by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF), the French Language Group of Paediatric Intensive Care and Emergencies (GFRUP) and of the Haemostasis and Thrombosis Study Group (GEHT) of the French Society of Haematology (SFH). The recommendations cover six fields of application: definition, epidemiology, and prognosis; diagnostic approach; therapeutic aspects; thrombocytopenia and sepsis; iatrogenic thrombocytopenia, with a special focus on heparin-induced thrombocytopenia; and thrombotic microangiopathy.

  1. Management of thrombocytopenia in the ICU (pregnancy excluded)

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Thrombocytopenia is a very frequent disorder in the intensive care unit. Many etiologies should be searched, and therapeutic approaches differ according to these different causes. However, no guideline exists regarding optimum practices for these situations in critically ill patients. We present recommendations for the management of thrombocytopenia in intensive care unit, excluding pregnancy, developed by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF), the French Language Group of Paediatric Intensive Care and Emergencies (GFRUP) and of the Haemostasis and Thrombosis Study Group (GEHT) of the French Society of Haematology (SFH). The recommendations cover six fields of application: definition, epidemiology, and prognosis; diagnostic approach; therapeutic aspects; thrombocytopenia and sepsis; iatrogenic thrombocytopenia, with a special focus on heparin-induced thrombocytopenia; and thrombotic microangiopathy. PMID:22929300

  2. Using Noldus Observer XT for research on deaf signers learning to read: an innovative methodology.

    PubMed

    Ducharme, Daphne A; Arcand, Isabelle

    2009-08-01

    Despite years of research on the reading problems of deaf students, we still do not know how deaf signers who read well actually crack the code of print. How connections are made between sign language and written language is still an open question. In this article, we show how the Noldus Observer XT software can be used to conduct an in-depth analysis of the online behavior of deaf readers. First, we examine factors that may have an impact on reading behavior. Then, we describe how we videotaped teachers with their deaf student signers of langue des signes québécoise during a reading task, how we conducted a recall activity to better understand the students' reading behavior, and how we used this innovative software to analyze the taped footage. Finally, we discuss the contribution this type of research can have on the future reading behavior of deaf students.

  3. A new challenge for diabetologists and geriatricians!

    PubMed

    Tréton, J

    2005-12-01

    The "Société Française de Gériatrie et Gérontologie" (SFGG) and "Association de Langue Française pour l'Etude du Diabète et des Maladies Métaboliques" (ALFEDIAM) have decided to join their efforts in actions to improve the management and treatment of the elderly diabetic patients. New knowledge brought by the fundamental research in the domains of longevity genes made possible to discover genetic ways, like IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1) which play a regulating role between adequacy of the external food availabilities and nutritional body needs. Others discovery in the field of the epigenetic regulation of the nutrition have consequences on pathology such as the metabolic syndrome. New therapeutic prospects and a better definition of the clinical feature will allow better prevention and management in prediabetic patients. PMID:16415760

  4. Extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: report of a Consensus Conference

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    The influenza H1N1 epidemics in 2009 led a substantial number of people to develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and refractory hypoxemia. In these patients, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used as rescue oxygenation therapy. Several randomized clinical trials and observational studies suggested that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation associated with protective mechanical ventilation could improve outcome, but its efficacy remains uncertain. Organized by the Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF) in conjunction with the Société Française d’Anesthésie et de Réanimation (SFAR), the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française (SPLF), the Groupe Francophone de Réanimation et d’Urgences Pédiatriques (GFRUP), the Société Française de Perfusion (SOFRAPERF), the Société Française de Chirurgie Thoracique et Cardiovasculaire (SFCTV) et the Sociedad Española de Medecina Intensiva Critica y Unidades Coronarias (SEMICYUC), a Consensus Conference was held in December 2013 and a jury of 13 members wrote 65 recommendations to answer the five following questions regarding the place of extracorporeal life support for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: 1) What are the available techniques?; 2) Which patients could benefit from extracorporeal life support?; 3) How to perform extracorporeal life support?; 4) How and when to stop extracorporeal life support?; 5) Which organization should be recommended? To write the recommendations, evidence-based medicine (GRADE method), expert panel opinions, and shared decisions taken by all the thirteen members of the jury of the Consensus Conference were taken into account. PMID:24936342

  5. [Presidential address at the 20th Journees sur la Fertilite et l'Orthogenie].

    PubMed

    Dourlen-rollier, A M

    1993-01-01

    Recollections of the author's early experiences in French family planning and reflections on the ethical issues and legal status of new fertility technologies are the major topics of this address. The group that was to become le Mouvement francais pour le Planning Familial (MFPF) was founded in 1956 by the author and others and opened its first family planning center in 1961, before contraception became legal. Despite opposition from physicians and Catholic clergy, the MFPF operated 100 centers serving over 100,000 clients by 1965. In 1969 the MFPF began a study of abortion. Despite legalization, the controversy concerning the legitimacy of abortion has not subsided. More recently, the practices of artificial insemination with donor sperm, in vitro fertilization, surrogate mothers, and other medically assisted fertility technologies have raised moral, ethical, and legal questions for all societies. The questions range from the legitimacy of gamete donation to the status of unused embryos. The dissociation of different stages of the reproductive process affects concepts of filiation, paternity and maternity. In the absence of appropriate legislation, it has been left largely to the courts to create a new body of law at this frontier. The review of legislation in France, elsewhere in Europe, and in the U.S. concerning contested filiation in cases of artificial insemination, the legitimacy of insemination of a woman after the death of her spouse, the preservation and donation of embryos, surrogate motherhood, the child's rights to information about his biological parents, and other questions indicate that no consensus has yet emerged concerning the admissibility and legitimacy of specific practices. It would be highly desirable for the European countries to adopt a common legislation in these areas.

  6. The 1994 EUROMET collection of micrometeorites at Cap-Prudhomme, Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maurette, M.; Immel, G.; Engrand, C.; Kurat, G.; Pillinger, C. T.

    1994-07-01

    Advance funding from IFRTP (Institut Francais pour la Recherche et pour la Technique Polaire) for micrometeorite collection at Cap-Prudhomme has allowed construction of a new micrometeorite 'factory,' conceived to greatly reduce contamination of the ultraclean ice by our activities. The potential problems include fly ash, rust grains, fuel spills 'sticking to the shoes,' and trace elements from the plasticizers used in plastic tubing. In the new factory, intended to produce and then cycle 10-15 tons of melt ice water per day, all parts exposed to water were replaced by either stainless steel or teflon. After examination with a microscope and their transfer into teflon and or glass vials, all samples were frozen the day of their collection. The factory operated from December 15, 1993, through February 6, 1994. Problems included injuries as well as very bad weather conditions, characterized by both the heaviest snow falls observed and unexpected gusts from a blizzard. Also, several new components of the factory did not function properly under the extreme conditions of Antarctica. Our major objective was to obtain the 'cleanest' and 'purest' 25-50 microns micrometeorites ever collected in Antarctica, for comparison with stratospheric Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs). We could not fulfill this premise, but we recovered the best 100-400-micron-size fraction of 'giant' micrometeorites ever collected on Earth. Our 26 daily collections are listed,refering to an 'index of quality.' Aliquots of these daily collections will be distributed to major institutions in Austria, England, the U.S.A., and Japan, to be preserved for future generations. The Antarctica ice sheet is truly a gigantic, ultraclean, and inexhaustible micrometeorite collector, but it is very tricky to recover 'ultraclean' micrometeorites from it.

  7. Agriculture: A source of raw materials for industrial purposes the French strategy

    SciTech Connect

    Mauguin, P.; Gaouyer, J.P.; Labrousse, S.

    1995-11-01

    Creating new value-added products from agricultural and forestry biomass can present opportunities for diversifying industry, preserving agricultural activities and reinvigorating exploitation of forests. Stimulating new markets for agriculture and forestry products is strategically important for France, in order to cushion the effects of the reform of the European Common Policy (CAP), while maintaining the commitments assessed at the Rio Coference. The promotion of new markets should constitute a major vector for rural development, by marking use of agricultural lands no longer needed for food crops due to the glut of foodstuffs on the market. In the next few years, energy uses of biomass should help hold down greenhouse gas emissions, by regulating and storing CO{sub 2}. For each of these markets, whether for energy uses (solid, liquid or gaseous fuels) or for other applications, the first priority is to match prices and specifications of the fossil fuels that are to be deplaced, with minimum impact on the environment. To match these goals, the French government has launched a new research group, Agriculture for Chemicals and Energy (AGRICE). AGRICE has been set up for a renewable five years period. Its members are: Agriculture, Industry, Research and Environment departments; the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), the Institut Francais due Petrole (IFP), the French Agency for Environment and Energy (Ademe); Wheat producers, Beet growers, and oil seed producers; and Rhone Poulenc (chemicals), TOTAL (oil company). In 1995, AGRICE will have a 40 Millions FFrancs from public funds, supplemented by 25 Millions FFrancs from business and trade groups.

  8. Characterization of Saharan dust properties transported towards Europe in the frame of the FENNEC project: a case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marnas, F.; Chazette, P.; Flamant, C.; Royer, P.; Sodemman, H.; Derimian, Y.

    2012-04-01

    In the framework of the FENNEC experiment (6 to 30 June 2011) an effort has been dedicated to characterize Saharan dust plumes transported towards southern Europe. Hence, a multi instrumented field campaign has been conducted. Ground based nitrogen Raman LIDAR (GBNRL) has been deployed in southern Spain close to Marbella, simultaneously with airborne lidar (AL) performing measurements over both the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the western Africa (from 2 to 23 June). The GBNRL was equipped with co-polar and cross-polar channels to perform continuous measurements of the dust aerosols trapped in the troposphere. It was developed by LSCE with the support of the LEOSPHERE Company. The French FALCON 20 research aircraft operated by SAFIRE (Service des Avions Francais Instrumentés pour la Recherche en Environnement) carried the AL Leandre Nouvelle Generation (LNG) as well as a dropsonde releasing system and radiometers. A major, one week long, dust event has been sampled over Spain from 25 June to 1 July with high optical depth (>0.5 at 355nm) and particular depolarization ratios (15 to 25%). Backtrajectory studies suggest that the dust particles observed were from dust uplifts that occurred in Southern Morocco and Northern Mauritania. The event has been also documented 3 days before by the AL flying over Mauritania. AERONET sunphotometer measurements of aerosol properties, along the dust plume transport path appear to be coherent with both the lidar and the backtrajectory analysis. These analysis exhibit a likely major contribution from the Western Sahara sources to the Southern Europe. Such a contribution may impact the visibility and then the airtrafic, modify the tropospheric chemistry, and add nutrients to both the Mediterranean Sea and the continental surfaces. It can also affect the health of European populations. We will present strategy of the experiment and the case study built from measurements performed at the end of June.

  9. Heterogeneities and geometry of sedimentary bodies in a fluvio-deltaic reservoir

    SciTech Connect

    Ravenne, C.; Eschard, R.; Mathieu, Y.; Montadert, L.; Rudkiewicz, J.L.; Galli, A.

    1989-06-01

    This paper gives the initial results of a two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) geological study that aimed at describing reservoir heterogeneities. This study serves as a basis for the conditional simulation of the geometry of a fluvio-deltaic reservoir presented in a companion paper. These two studies should solve the difficult problems of interpolating between wells and thereby the problem of forecasting the extension of sedimentary bodies. The research is being carried out by Inst. Francais du Petrole and Center of Geostatistics, Paris School of Mines. The study was made in the middle Jurassic in Yorkshore, which is very similar to the Brent formation in the North Sea. In the 2D phase, an outcrop consisting of a 1-km (0.6-mile) -long and approximately 30-m (100-ft) -high cliff was described with a photogeological interpretation. The sedimentological representation was carried out by means of several vertical cross sections. In the 3D phase, 36 boreholes were continuously cored and logged behind the cliff over an area of 1 km/sup 2/ (0.4 sq miles). The boreholes were about 300 m (985 ft) apart except in one grid where the distance was progressively reduced to 20 m (66 ft). This phase was designed to follow the evolution of the sedimentary bodies and their physical properties and to compare the correlation that could have been made (1) with fewer boreholes and (2) without the existence of the cliff. These studies provide new tools for understanding and describing the shape and heterogeneities of a reservoir.

  10. Basin evaluation in deltaic series using 2-D numerical modeling a comparison of Mahakam delta and south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico case histories

    SciTech Connect

    Burrus, J. ); De Choppin, J.G.; Grosjean, J.L.; Oudin, J.L. ); Schwarzer, T. ); Schroeder, F.; Lander, R. )

    1993-09-01

    Integrated numerical modeling of petroleum, generation and migration is difficult to apply in deltaic series. Using Institut Francais du Petrole's two-dimensional model TEMISPACK, we tried to simulate the petroleum history along a 70 km long east-west regional section in the Mahakam delta (Indonesia) and a 800 km long north-south section in south Louisiana/Gulf of Mexico. The two basins contain thick (>10 km) accumulations of the post middle miocene. The principal results are as follows (1) Both basins have similar overpressure profiles caused by thick shales with nano-darcy permeabilities. Compaction, not oil or gas generation, controls the overpressure histories. (2) In both basins, the thermal history is dominated by burial rate, thermal blanketing, and undercompaction. Basinward increases in thermal gradients are probably due to basinward increases in shale content and undercompaction, rather than geodynamic processes. (3) We used an upscaling procedure to define sedimentary facies and properties for each cell in the models. In both cases, we found a huge permeability anisotropy of interbedded facies was necessary to match observed pressure profiles and hydrocarbon distributions. This anisotropy results in a dominant [open quotes]parallel-to-bedding[close quotes] migration pattern, with only a moderate (<0.5 km) vertical migration component. (4) A fundamental difference between the Mahakam and the Gulf coast petroleum systems is the hole of growth faults. In the Gulf Coast, huge growth faults connect deep overpressured, overmature Tertiary source facies with shallow, interbedded sandy reservoirs. Enhanced vertical permeability in the vicinity of these fault zones allows for several kilometers of vertical migration. In the Mahakam delta, where growth faults are less prevalent, deep overpressured shales have very poor expulsion efficiency; gas and oil in shallow reservoirs are shown to be fed mostly by coals located above, and not within, the overpressured zone.

  11. Application of IAPAC fuel injection for low emissions small two-stroke engines

    SciTech Connect

    Duret, P.; Dabadie, J.C.; Colliou, T.

    1995-12-31

    The implementation of the Institut Francais du Petrole developed Compressed Air Assisted Fuel Injection Process (named IAPAC) in a two-stroke engine allows the introduction of the fuel separately from the scavenging air, which in consequence minimizes fuel short-circuiting. The inherent mechanical principle of the IAPAC process which uses the crankcase compressed air to finely atomize the fuel, provides the advantages of direct injection but in addition uses conventional low pressure automotive type injection technology with commercially available gasoline injectors. In earlier work the authors showed an example of the application of this fuel injection technology to a PIAGGIO single cylinder 125 cc scooter two-stroke engine. In this paper, an update of the results obtained with this new engine is presented and confirms the ultra-low emissions capability for two-wheeler application. This technology is also used with other IAPAC 2-stroke engines of various size and displacement to demonstrate how the application of IAPAC to marine outboard 2-stroke engines, is a good answer face to the new environmental regulations. The EPA 2006 regulation can easily be met over the whole outboard engine power range with associated significant fuel economy benefits. The Bodensee stage 1 regulation can be met without catalyst, while the addition of a catalyst (at least for the medium to the high engine power range) will be necessary to meet the Bodensee stage 2 regulation. It has already been reported in the previous work how careful attention has been paid to ensure that the IAPAC sn,stem remains mechanically simple and keep the additional cost as low as possible. Finally, a brief cost impact analysis of a conversion of conventional 2-stroke engine to IAPAC is here presented. The ways of possible further cost reduction are also discussed.

  12. Late abortion meeting, Paris / France.

    PubMed

    Spinelli, A

    1989-01-01

    On January 27 and 28, 1989 a workshop and a meeting were organized in Paris by Mouvement Francais pour le Planning Familial (MFPF/France) and the IPPF Europe Region. The workshop was held on the first day. 24 staff and volunteers from Planned Parenthood Associations of 15 countries attended, reviewing abortion laws, the definition of therapeutic abortion, and the incidence and problems of second trimester abortion. Second trimester abortion is available in only a few European countries. Second trimester abortions are rare in France (about 2000 per annum), and in 1986 1717 French women travelled to England in order to seek an abortion. All late abortions are performed for serious reasons. Older women may mistake signs of pregnancy for the onset of the menopause; and women fearful of social or familial punishment, especially teenagers, may be reluctant to consult a doctor. The experiences of Denmark and Sweden, where the problem is partially solved, suggest some strategies: optimize accessibility of contraceptive services, particularly for women at higher risk of late abortion; diminish the taboo surrounding abortion, so that women are less frightened to seek help at an early stage of pregnancy; make abortion services available in all regions of the country; avert time-consuming enforced waiting periods or consent for minors; and stimulate public information campaigns on the importance of seeking help early. On January 28 a meeting involving about 200 participants took place at the Universite Paris Dauphine, Salle Raymond Aron. Speakers at the meeting discussed the issue of late abortion in Europe, the difficulties of obtaining late abortions, counseling, medical problems, the woman's point of view, and possible solutions. At the close of the meeting, the MFPF called on the French government to modify some of the articles in the Penal Code that restrict women's access to safe and legal abortion.

  13. Interdiffusion de puits quantiques controlee par irradiation laser excimere pour l'integration de composants photoniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Genest, Jonathan

    L'integration de composants discrets sur un systeme unique, tel une puce electronique, augmente les performances totales du systeme, fait apparaitre de nouvelles fonctionnalites et diminue les couts associes a la fabrication des dispositifs. Ces ameliorations, appliquees au secteur de la microelectronique, sont grandement responsables des avancements importants qu'ont connus les technologies de l'information et des communications au cours des dernieres annees. Puisque la fabrication de circuits photoniques integres necessite l'integration de structures ayant des bandes interdites differentes a partir d'une meme puce semiconductrice, leur niveau d'integration est bien inferieur que celui atteint pour un microprocesseur standard. Parmi les techniques ayant le potentiel de fabriquer des circuits photoniques integres monolithiquement, l'interdiffusion de puits quantique post-expitaxial controlee spatialement augmente la bande interdite d'une heterostructure semiconductrice a l'interieur de regions definies. Le processus d'interdiffusion, active thermiquement, est accelere par la diffusion d'impuretes et de defauts ponctuels tels que les lacunes et les interstitiels. L'hypothese de depart de mes travaux de doctorat suppose que la radiation laser ultra-violette module la diffusion et la generation de defauts ponctuels dans les heterostructures reposant sur les technologies a base de GaAs et d'InP et, consequemment, controle spatialement l'interdiffusion de puits quantiques. Nous avons demontre que lorsque appliquee sur des heterostructures a base de GaAs, l'irradiation laser excimere l'interdiffusion en favorisant la croissance d'un stresseur de surface qui empeche la diffusion des defauts ponctuels vers les puits quantiques. Nous avons souligne l'influence de la vapeur d'eau physisorbee sur la croissance du stresseur et avons determine la resolution spatiale de la technique. Dans les heterostructures basees sur les technologies InP, meme sous le seuil d'ablation, l

  14. Effets des electrons secondaires sur l'ADN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boudaiffa, Badia

    Les interactions des electrons de basse energie (EBE) representent un element important en sciences des radiations, particulierement, les sequences se produisant immediatement apres l'interaction de la radiation ionisante avec le milieu biologique. Il est bien connu que lorsque ces radiations deposent leur energie dans la cellule, elles produisent un grand nombre d'electrons secondaires (4 x 104/MeV), qui sont crees le long de la trace avec des energies cinetiques initiales bien inferieures a 20 eV. Cependant, il n'y a jamais eu de mesures directes demontrant l'interaction de ces electrons de tres basse energie avec l'ADN, du principalement aux difficultes experimentales imposees par la complexite du milieu biologique. Dans notre laboratoire, les dernieres annees ont ete consacrees a l'etude des phenomenes fondamentaux induits par impact des EBE sur differentes molecules simples (e.g., N2, CO, O2, H2O, NO, C2H 4, C6H6, C2H12) et quelques molecules complexes dans leur phase solide. D'autres travaux effectues recemment sur des bases de l'ADN et des oligonucleotides ont montre que les EBE produisent des bris moleculaires sur les biomolecules. Ces travaux nous ont permis d'elaborer des techniques pour mettre en evidence et comprendre les interactions fondamentales des EBE avec des molecules d'interet biologique, afin d'atteindre notre objectif majeur d'etudier l'effet direct de ces particules sur la molecule d'ADN. Les techniques de sciences des surfaces developpees et utilisees dans les etudes precitees peuvent etre etendues et combinees avec des methodes classiques de biologie pour etudier les dommages de l'ADN induits par l'impact des EBE. Nos experiences ont montre l'efficacite des electrons de 3--20 eV a induire des coupures simple et double brins dans l'ADN. Pour des energies inferieures a 15 eV, ces coupures sont induites par la localisation temporaire d'un electron sur une unite moleculaire de l'ADN, ce qui engendre la formation d'un ion negatif transitoire

  15. Analyse des transferts de chaleur et de masse transitoires dans un arena a l'aide de la methode zonale

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daoud, Ahmed

    Cette these presente les resultats d'une etude sur le mouvement de l'air et les transferts thermiques et massiques dans les arenas en regime transitoire et en 3D. Pour la partie aeraulique, il a ete question de developper un modele base sur la methode zonale qui permet de calculer les debits de l'air (dus a la ventilation et aux gradients de temperature) et de l'humidite entre les differentes zones du batiment et de determiner l'age de l'air dans chacune des zones. Pour la partie thermique, un modele de calcul du rayonnement entre les surfaces interieures du batiment qui a ete couple a TRNSYS afin de calculer sur une base annuelle les charges de chauffage et de refrigeration; ces dernieres tiennent compte des transferts radiatif et convectif, de la chaleur latente due a la condensation de l'humidite sur la glace et du surfacage. Le document presente est constitue de 7 chapitres qui peuvent etre resumes comme suit: Les chapitres 1, 2 et 3 sont consacres respectivement: a l'introduction generale, a la revue bibliographique et a la description du batiment modelise. Le chapitre 4 decrit l'approche developpee et la contribution importante qui y est apportee. Il presente l'utilisation de la methode zonale comme une alternative pratique aux methodes CFD car elle permet de realiser des simulations dynamiques sur une annee avec des temps de simulation tres courts et une precision acceptable. Il s'agit d'une approche intermediaire entre les modeles CFD et les modeles a un noeud d'air (considerant la temperature homogene dans un local). Le chapitre 5 est consacre a la methode de resolution numerique. L'outil de simulation a ete developpe en utilisant l'interface du logiciel TRNSYS: Le type 56 de ce logiciel a ete adopte comme modele energetique tandis que les autres modeles ont ete developpes et programmes en utilisant le logiciel MATLAB. Le chapitre 6 presente les resultats de simulation pour un arena sans faux plafond et avec un faux plafond et les resultats de mesures

  16. Evaluation d'un ecosysteme pastoral sahelien: Apport de la geomatique (Oursi, Burkina Faso)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kabore, Seraphine Sawadogo

    L'objectif principal de cette recherche est la mise au point d'une architecture d'integration de donnees socio-bio-geographiques et de donnees satellitales dans un Systeme d'Information Geographique (SIG) en vue d'une aide a la prise de decisions dans un environnement semi-aride au nord du Burkina Faso. Elle repond a la question fondamentale de l'interpretation des effets des facteurs climatiques et socioeconomiques sur le milieu pastoral. La recherche s'est appuyee sur plusieurs hypotheses de travail: possibilite d'utilisation de modele de simulation, d'approche multicritere et de donnees de teledetection dans un cadre de systeme d'information geographique. L'evolution spatiotemporelle des parametres de productivite du milieu a ete evaluee par approche dynamique selon le modele de Wu et al. (1996) qui modelise les interactions entre le climat, le milieu physique, le vegetal et l'animal pour mieux quantifier la biomasse primaire. A ce modele, quatre parametres ont ete integres par approche floue et multicritere afin de prendre en compte la dimension socioeconomique de la productivite pastorale (apport majeur de la recherche): la sante, l'education, l'agriculture et l'eau. La teledetection (imagerie SPOT) a permis de definir la production primaire a partir de laquelle les simulations ont ete realisees sur 10 annees. Les resultats obtenus montrent une bonne correlation entre biomasse primaire in situ et celle calculee pour les deux modeles, avec toutefois une meilleure efficacite du modele modifie (4 fois plus) dans les zones de forte productivite ou l'on note un taux de surexploitation agricole eleve. A cause de la variabilite spatiale de la production primaire in situ, les erreurs des resultats de simulation (8 a 11%) sont acceptables et montrent la pertinence de l'approche grace a l'utilisation des SIG pour la spatialisation et l'integration des differents parametres des modeles. Les types de production secondaire preconises (production de lait pendant 7 mois ou

  17. Le changement comme tradition dans la recherche et la formation a la recherche en biotechnologie et en peripherie Etude de cas en sciences de la sante, sciences naturelles et genie

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bourque, Claude Julie

    Le champ de la recherche scientifique et de la formation a la recherche est traverse depuis quelques dizaines d'annees par plusieurs courants et discours associes au changement, mais peu de travaux empiriques permettent de comprendre ce qui change concretement. C'est la contribution originale de cette these au champ de l'education, plus specifiquement a l'etude sociologique de l'enseignement superieur ou sont concentrees les activites liees a la triade thematique du programme doctoral dans lequel elle a ete produite : recherche, formation et pratique. L'enquete-terrain a ete realisee en 2009 et 2010 aupres de 808 repondants affilies a 60 etablissements au Quebec et a produit un vaste materiau de nature mixte (donnees quantitatives et qualitatives). Un portrait de la nebuleuse biotechnologique qui touche les secteurs des sciences de la sante, des sciences naturelles et du genie a ete realise. Ce domaine concerne des dizaines de disciplines et se revele de nature transdisciplinaire, mais les pratiques n'y sont pas davantage marquees par le changement que celles d'autres domaines connexes. Les dynamiques sociales ont fait l'objet d'analyses comparatives dans quatre contextes: le choix des programmes, des objets et des methodes, le financement, la diffusion et la planification de la carriere. Les resultats indiquent que les echanges entre les agents traditionnellement situes au coeur des activites de recherche dominent ces dynamiques dans tous les contextes etudies. L'etude des representations au fondement des pratiques a revele l'existence de trois ecoles de pensee qui coexistent dans le champ scientifique: academique, pragmatique et economiste. Ces ecoles permettent de categoriser les agents en fonction des zones de fractures qui marquent leurs oppositions tout en identifiant ce qu'ils ont en commun. Les representations et les pratiques liees a la formation temoignent d'un habitus plutot homogene, alors que les contradictions semblent plus souvent ancrees dans des

  18. How do deaf signers of LSQ and their teachers construct the meaning of a written text?

    PubMed

    Ducharme, D A; Arcand, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have investigated why learning to read is so problematic for deaf individuals. However, we still know very little about how to teach reading to signing students. In this article, we report on an exploratory qualitative study of deaf LSQ (Langue des signes québécoise) signers learning to read with two teachers, in an effort to better understand what strategies might be most useful in constructing the meaning of a text. By videotaping reading sessions between each teacher and student, then conducting recall interviews, we found that both students and teachers used a number of strategies to construct meaning. The list of strategies observed was categorized as word attack or global meaning types. Developing readers showed different patterns of strategy use, with more global meaning strategies being used by the more independent reader. We also found that the deaf teacher and hearing teacher had different patterns of strategy use, although both favored global meaning types. Finally, our findings indicate that both teachers adapted their strategy use to the needs of the students, but with a different focus. Namely, the deaf teacher used more global meaning strategies with the weaker reader and less with the more independent reader, whereas the hearing teacher showed the opposite pattern. PMID:20498132

  19. Management by the intensivist of gastrointestinal bleeding in adults and children

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Intensivists are regularly confronted with the question of gastrointestinal bleeding. To date, the latest international recommendations regarding prevention and treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding lack a specific approach to the critically ill patients. We present recommendations for management by the intensivist of gastrointestinal bleeding in adults and children, developed with the GRADE system by an experts group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF), with the participation of the French Language Group of Paediatric Intensive Care and Emergencies (GFRUP), the French Society of Emergency Medicine (SFMU), the French Society of Gastroenterology (SNFGE), and the French Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SFED). The recommendations cover five fields of application: management of gastrointestinal bleeding before endoscopic diagnosis, treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding unrelated to portal hypertension, treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding related to portal hypertension, management of presumed lower gastrointestinal bleeding, and prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in intensive care. PMID:23140348

  20. How do deaf signers of LSQ and their teachers construct the meaning of a written text?

    PubMed

    Ducharme, D A; Arcand, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have investigated why learning to read is so problematic for deaf individuals. However, we still know very little about how to teach reading to signing students. In this article, we report on an exploratory qualitative study of deaf LSQ (Langue des signes québécoise) signers learning to read with two teachers, in an effort to better understand what strategies might be most useful in constructing the meaning of a text. By videotaping reading sessions between each teacher and student, then conducting recall interviews, we found that both students and teachers used a number of strategies to construct meaning. The list of strategies observed was categorized as word attack or global meaning types. Developing readers showed different patterns of strategy use, with more global meaning strategies being used by the more independent reader. We also found that the deaf teacher and hearing teacher had different patterns of strategy use, although both favored global meaning types. Finally, our findings indicate that both teachers adapted their strategy use to the needs of the students, but with a different focus. Namely, the deaf teacher used more global meaning strategies with the weaker reader and less with the more independent reader, whereas the hearing teacher showed the opposite pattern.

  1. [The twenty-first century as a neuropsychology era].

    PubMed

    Eustache, F; Desgranges, B; Lambert, J; Belleville, S; Platel, H

    2008-05-01

    This article reviews how neuropsychology, in the French-speaking world, has evolved as a discipline focused on research, teaching and clinical work. The article targets the last 30 years as this corresponds to the time at which the Société de Neuropsychologie de Langue Française (French-Speaking Neuropsychological Society) was created. The review addresses how the cognitive neuropsychology approach and the advent of brain imaging have shaped the field of neuropsychology in recent years. It presents the status of the discipline in the main French-speaking countries (where neuropsychology is currently developed) including France, Belgium, Switzerland and Canada. It also analyzes a number of indicators that reflect the vitality of the discipline and its cohesion as a science and as a clinical domain. These indicators include the creation of specialized journals, organization of scientific meetings, accessibility to training programs in neuropsychology, development of discipline-oriented clinical programs, and the increase in scientific productivity. The Quebec academic environment is used as an illustration, whereby structured clinical doctoral training programs that meet national standards in neuropsychology were implemented to train clinical neuropsychologists. Finally, the authors emphasize the major role that the discipline is likely to play at different levels of society in the near future.

  2. Experts' recommendations for the management of adult patients with cardiogenic shock.

    PubMed

    Levy, Bruno; Bastien, Olivier; Karim, Bendjelid; Benjelid, Karim; Cariou, Alain; Chouihed, Tahar; Combes, Alain; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Megarbane, Bruno; Plaisance, Patrick; Ouattara, Alexandre; Spaulding, Christian; Splaulding, Christian; Teboul, Jean-Louis; Vanhuyse, Fabrice; Boulain, Thierry; Kuteifan, Kaldoun

    2015-12-01

    Unlike for septic shock, there are no specific international recommendations regarding the management of cardiogenic shock (CS) in critically ill patients. We present herein recommendations for the management of cardiogenic shock in adults, developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF)), with the participation the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Cardiology Society (SFC), the French Emergency Medicine Society (SFMU), and the French Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SFCTCV). The recommendations cover 15 fields of application such as: epidemiology, myocardial infarction, monitoring, vasoactive drugs, prehospital care, cardiac arrest, mechanical assistance, general treatments, cardiac surgery, poisoning, cardiogenic shock complicating end-stage cardiac failure, post-shock treatment, various etiologies, and medical care pathway. The experts highlight the fact that CS is a rare disease, the management of which requires a multidisciplinary technical platform as well as specialized and experienced medical teams. In particular, each expert center must be able to provide, at the same site, skills in a variety of disciplines, including medical and interventional cardiology, anesthesia, thoracic and vascular surgery, intensive care, cardiac assistance, radiology including for interventional vascular procedures, and a circulatory support mobile unit. PMID:26152849

  3. [French guidelines on electroencephalogram].

    PubMed

    André-Obadia, N; Sauleau, P; Cheliout-Heraut, F; Convers, P; Debs, R; Eisermann, M; Gavaret, M; Isnard, J; Jung, J; Kaminska, A; Kubis, N; Lemesle, M; Maillard, L; Mazzola, L; Michel, V; Montavont, A; N'Guyen, S; Navarro, V; Parain, D; Perin, B; Rosenberg, S D; Sediri, H; Soufflet, C; Szurhaj, W; Taussig, D; Touzery-de Villepin, A; Vercueil, L; Lamblin, M D

    2014-12-01

    Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows control tests when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with the advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française (SNCLF) and the Ligue Française Contre l'Épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and underline proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by the review of the literature; in those cases, an expert advice was given by the working and reading groups in addition to the guidelines.

  4. French recommendations on electroencephalography.

    PubMed

    André-Obadia, N; Lamblin, M D; Sauleau, P

    2015-03-01

    Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows repeat testing when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de neurophysiologie clinique de langue française (SNCLF) and the Ligue française contre l'épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and highlight proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by review of the literature; in such cases, in addition to the guidelines the working and reading groups provided their expert opinion.

  5. French recommendations on electroencephalography.

    PubMed

    André-Obadia, N; Lamblin, M D; Sauleau, P

    2015-03-01

    Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows repeat testing when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de neurophysiologie clinique de langue française (SNCLF) and the Ligue française contre l'épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and highlight proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by review of the literature; in such cases, in addition to the guidelines the working and reading groups provided their expert opinion. PMID:25637362

  6. [French guidelines on electroencephalogram].

    PubMed

    André-Obadia, N; Sauleau, P; Cheliout-Heraut, F; Convers, P; Debs, R; Eisermann, M; Gavaret, M; Isnard, J; Jung, J; Kaminska, A; Kubis, N; Lemesle, M; Maillard, L; Mazzola, L; Michel, V; Montavont, A; N'Guyen, S; Navarro, V; Parain, D; Perin, B; Rosenberg, S D; Sediri, H; Soufflet, C; Szurhaj, W; Taussig, D; Touzery-de Villepin, A; Vercueil, L; Lamblin, M D

    2014-12-01

    Electroencephalography allows the functional analysis of electrical brain cortical activity and is the gold standard for analyzing electrophysiological processes involved in epilepsy but also in several other dysfunctions of the central nervous system. Morphological imaging yields complementary data, yet it cannot replace the essential functional analysis tool that is EEG. Furthermore, EEG has the great advantage of being non-invasive, easy to perform and allows control tests when follow-up is necessary, even at the patient's bedside. Faced with the advances in knowledge, techniques and indications, the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française (SNCLF) and the Ligue Française Contre l'Épilepsie (LFCE) found it necessary to provide an update on EEG recommendations. This article will review the methodology applied to this work, refine the various topics detailed in the following chapters. It will go over the summary of recommendations for each of these chapters and underline proposals for writing an EEG report. Some questions could not be answered by the review of the literature; in those cases, an expert advice was given by the working and reading groups in addition to the guidelines. PMID:25435392

  7. EEG guidelines in the diagnosis of brain death.

    PubMed

    Szurhaj, W; Lamblin, M-D; Kaminska, A; Sediri, H

    2015-03-01

    In France, for the determination and diagnostic validation of brain death the law requires either two EEG recordings separated by a 4-hour observation period, both showing electrocerebral inactivity; or cerebral angiography examination. Since EEG is available in most hospitals and clinics, it is often used in this indication, at the patient's bedside, especially in the context of organ donation. However, very precise methodology must be followed. The last French guidelines date back to 1989, before the development of digital EEG recording. We present the new guidelines from the Société de Neurophysiologie Clinique de Langue Française. Electrocerebral inactivity may be confirmed when a 30-minute good quality EEG recording shows complete electrocerebral silence, defined as no cerebral activity greater than 2 uV, having first ruled out the possible influence of sedative drugs, metabolic disorders or hypothermia. In the presence of sedative drugs, CT brain angiography will be the gold standard test for this diagnosis. In the newborn, the utmost caution is indicated since electrocerebral inactivity can be observed in the absence of cerebral death. In the infant, the criterion for the observation period to be respected between both EEG recordings needs to be more clearly refined.

  8. Ulcérations buccales et péri-anales: un mode de révélation inhabituel d'une granulomatose avec polyangéite - à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Thaljaoui, Wathek; Atig, Amira; Bouker, Ahmed; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fathi

    2014-01-01

    La granulomatose avec polyangéite, est une vascularite systémique rare qui touche avec prédilection les voies aériennes supérieures, les poumons et les reins. L'atteinte cutanéo-muqueuse ainsi que l'atteinte digestive ne sont pas inhabituelles mais elles sont rarement inaugurales de la maladie. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une femme âgée de 57 ans, ayant une granulomatose avec polyangéite multi-systémique avec comme premières manifestations une atteinte cutanéo-muqueuse à type de nécrose de la langue et d'ulcérations péri-anales ainsi que des rectorragies. La présence de signes radiologiques orientant vers une hémmorragie intra-alvéolaire, l'atteinte rénale, l'atteinte neurologique périphérique ainsi que la positivité des C-ANCA de type anti-PR3 ont permis de rattacher les manifestations dermatologiques à cette vascularite. Des manifestations cutanéo-muqueuses atypiques, au cours d'une granulomateuse avec polyangéite, doivent être connues par le clinicien pour un diagnostic et une prise en charge adéquate. PMID:25404981

  9. Meeting report: Fourth Forum on Respiratory Tract Infections, Sitges, Spain, 8 11 February 2007.

    PubMed

    Tillotson, Glenn S; Ball, Peter

    2007-09-01

    Over 420 delegates participated in this, the fourth of a biennial series of scientific meetings, drawing from 30 or more nations and encompassing the specialties of infectious diseases, clinical microbiology, pulmonary and general medicine and Industry inter alia. The 2007 Forum was chaired by Professors Antoni Torres Marti, Giuliana Gialdroni Grassi and Dr Peter Ball and received academic endorsement from the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC), Italian Society for Chemotherapy, Spanish Pulmonology Society, Paul Ehrlich Society and the Société de Pneumologie de Langue Français. The Scientific Programme was scientifically and financially supported by the BSAC and a consortium of pharmaceutical companies. Discussion focused on key contemporary issues in respiratory tract infection (RTI), including the impact of antibiotic resistance on clinical outcomes and the continuing need for antibiotic conservation via evolving guidelines, the challenges of avian influenza, nosocomial RTIs and the emergence of new pathogens, e.g. community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, novel antimicrobial agents, disease definitions (e.g. healthcare-associated pneumonia) and therapeutic assessment criteria, such as patient-reported outcome measures, in improving RTI management. The entire meeting was granted CME recognition (18 sessions) by the European Accreditation Council for continuing medical education.

  10. Feedback on the use of the MX6 Mox Fuel transport cask: reduction of the dose uptake during operations

    SciTech Connect

    Blachet, L.; Lallemant, Th.

    2007-07-01

    14001, and CEFRI (Comite francais de certification des Entreprises pour la formation et le suivi du personnel travaillant sous Rayonnements Ionisants) certification in the health physics field according to its E specification. (authors)

  11. Fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information: une approche nanodamascene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harvey-Collard, Patrick

    Les transistors mono-electroniques (SETs) sont des dispositifs ayant un grand potentiel d'applications, comme la detection de charge ultra-sensible, la logique a basse consommation de puissance, la memoire ou la metrologie. De plus, la possibilite de pieger un seul electron et de manipuler son etat de spin pourrait permettre des applications en informatique quantique. Le silicium est un materiau interessant pour fabriquer l'ilot d'un SET. Son gap semi-conducteur permet le fonctionnement du dispositif dans le regime a un seul electron ou trou et pourrait permettre d'etendre la plage d'operation du SET en temperature en augmentant l'energie d'addition du diamant central de la valeur du gap. En outre, le silicium beneficie de plus de quarante annees d'expertise en microfabrication et d'une compatibilite avec la technologie metal--oxyde--semi-conducteur complementaire (CMOS). Cependant, la fabrication de ces dispositifs fait face a de serieuses limitations a cause de la taille nanometrique requise pour l'ilot. A ce jour, les procedes de fabrication proposes permettant l'operation a la temperature ambiante sont trop peu reproductibles pour permettre des applications a grande echelle. Dans ce memoire de maitrise, la fabrication de transistors mono-electroniques en silicium (Si-SETs) pour le traitement classique et quantique de l'information est realisee avec un procede nanodamascene. Le polissage chimico-mecanique (CMP) est introduit comme etape clef de la fabrication du transistor, permettant le controle au nanometre pres (nanodamascene) de l'epaisseur du transistor. Cet outil permet la fabrication de dispositifs ayant une geometrie auparavant impossible a realiser et ouvre la porte a l'innovation technologique. De plus, un procede de gravure du silicium par plasma a couplage inductif (ICP) est developpe pour permettre la fabrication de nanostructures de silicium sur une nanotopographie alliant le nano et le 3D. Les Si-SETs fabriques sont caracterises a basse

  12. Biostereometrics In Art

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferenc, Kovats

    1986-07-01

    Desuis mon enfance je suis un type soidisant visuel. Cette deviation etait toujours profitable pour moi, pour le clinicien , ainsi que pour le rechercheur scientifique.I1 y a trente ans, que dans l'Atlas Radioanatomique du Thorax nous avons deja utilis6 la conception de trois dimensions. Dans les derni6res edition de cet ouvrage nous avons travaille mke avec la guatrieme, le temps facteur. DePuis cette 6poque-la je me suis ori-en-be vers les quatre dimensions, vers les mouvements dans l'espace et le temps. -:tudiant les mouvements,les mouvements ventilatoires mesure par photogrammetrie le tronc humain.En projetant sur la surface du tronc un reseau quadratique, on pent compter de 3oo-400 points d'information, si un carre est 2 This 2 cm. Simultanement on pent ainsi contraler les deplacement relatifs des differents points. Travaillant avec seriophotographie et ces dernieres annees avec Video, nous avons des documents cDntinuellement en trois dimensions sun la position actuelle en espace de notre modele.On pent mesurer, reproduire la position momentan6e du sujet d'une frequence et dans la quantite desiree. Par exemple on peut les reproduire, une a une, comme une sculpture, en domontrant les changements d'un tronc humain pendant les mouvements respiratoires, comme nous avions fait en 1969 avec le sculpteur Istvan Bencsik en realisant nos differents modeles en inspiration et expiration.flais thooriquement on pent construire tant de sculptures qu'on vent entre les deux positions extremes.La methode est tres utilisable pour l'observation des mouvements sportifs on artistiques, comme le ballet par exemple. / Figure 1./ En etudiant en plusieures series la morphometrie des mouvements respiratoires on pent acquerir une certain experience, qui concerne la phase de respiration, on se trouve un corps humain sculpte, dessine on peint. Come le mimique d'un visage explkue toujours l'6tat affectif d'un individu, le corps humain peut expliquer tart des chases entre les mains d

  13. Synthese, etude structurale et electrochimique des materiaux d'electrode positive d'oxydes mixtes lithium cobalt nickel oxide (0 /= 1) pour les batteries rechargeables au lithium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grincourt, Yves

    Depuis une dizaine d'annees, on observe un interet grandissant pour les batteries rechargeables au lithium de tension superieure a 4 volts. La commercialisation de ces batteries pour l'electronique grand marche tend de plus en plus a supplanter celle des accumulateurs Ni-Cd et Ni-MH, de tension nominate 1,2 V. Ces batteries au lithium font appel a des materiaux d'electrode positive (cathode a la decharge) du type oxydes mixtes de metaux de transition LiMnO 2, LiMn2O4, LiNiO2 ou LiCoO2. Si le compose LiCoO2 est relativement aise a synthetiser, il n'en demeure pas moins que le cobalt reste un metal plus couteux compare au nickel et au manganese. La synthese de LiNiO2, quart a elle, demeure un probleme du point de vue stoechiometrique. Un defaut de lithium (5 a 10% molaire) conduira a des proprietes electrochimiques mediocres de la batterie. Dans cette etude nous nous proposons donc de preparer par voie humide et par voie seche les materiaux d'electrode positive de la famille LiCoyNi1-yO2 aver (0 ≤ y ≤ 1) et d'etudier en detail l'influence du pourcentage de nickel et de cobalt sur les proprietes electrochimiques des oxydes mixtes Li-Ni-Co. Une des caracteristiques est la morphologie plus fine des poudres de materiaux, observes par microscopie electronique a balayage (MEB). Un traitement thermique a plus basse temperature (750°C) que pour LiCoO2 (850°C) ainsi qu'un leger exces de lithium dans la preparation, ont permis d'aboutir a un materiau de stoechiometrie quasi parfaite. Neanmoins, le role de pilfer joue par 2 a 4% de moles de Ni2+ presents sur les sites lithium, permet de conserver intacte la structure hexagonale de la maille entre deux cycles consecutifs. Afin de mieux comprendre l'influence du vieillissement dune demi-pile Li/LiMeO2 (Me = Ni, Co) a temperature ambiante, des etudes electrochimiques et d'impedance spectroscopique ont ete menees en parallele. Le vieillissement de la cellule s'accompagne seulement dune chute de son potentiel due a son auto

  14. Traitements didactiques preventifs d'un type de conceptions erronees en sciences physiques chez des eleves du secondaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blondin, Andre

    Dans un contexte constructiviste, les connaissances anterieures d'un individu sont essentielles a la construction de nouvelles connaissances. Quelle qu'en soit la source (certaines de ces connaissances ont ete elaborees en classe, d'autres ont ete elaborees par interaction personnelle de l'individu avec son environnement physique et social), ces connaissances, une fois acquises, constituent les matieres premieres de l'elaboration des nouvelles conceptions de cet individu. Generalement, cette influence est consideree comme positive. Cependant, dans un milieu scolaire ou l'apprentissage de certaines conceptions enchassees dans un programme d'etudes et enterinees par l'ensemble d'une communaute est obligatoire, certaines connaissances anterieures peuvent entraver la construction des conceptions exigees par la communaute. La litterature abonde de tels exemples. Cependant, certaines connaissances anterieures, en soi tout a fait conformes a l'Heritage, peuvent aussi, parce qu'utilisees de facon non pertinente, entraver la construction d'une conception exigee par la communaute. Ici, la litterature nous donne peu d'exemples de ce type, mais nous en fournirons quelques-uns dans le cadre theorique, et ce sera un d'entre eux qui servira de base a nos propos. En effet, une grande proportion d'eleves inscrits a un cours de sciences physiques de la quatrieme secondaire, en reponse a un probleme deja solutionne durant l'annee et redonne lors d'un examen sommatif, "Pourquoi la Lune nous montre-t-elle toujours la meme face?", attribue principalement la cause de ce phenomene a la rotation de la Terre sur son axe. En tant que responsable de l'enseignement de ce programme d'etudes, plusieurs questions nous sont venues a l'esprit, entre autres, comment, dans un contexte constructiviste, est-il possible de reduire chez un eleve, l'impact de cette connaissance anterieure dans l'elaboration de la solution et ainsi prevenir la construction d'une conception erronee? Nous avons teste nos

  15. Contribution a l'etude du comportement de dalles de ponts en beton arme de barres en PRF soumises a des charges concentrees simulant les charges de roues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouguerra, Kheireddine

    Au cours des dernieres annees, la deterioration des structures en beton arme a pris une ampleur sans precedent, et ce, malgre le fait que leur duree de vie en service initialement prevue est loin d'etre atteinte. La corrosion de l'armature d'acier est un des principaux facteurs reduisant la duree de vie des ponts en beton arme d'acier. Par ailleurs, l'armature en materiaux composites de polymeres renforces de fibres (PRF) constitue une solution a l'armature metallique afin de pallier au probleme de la corrosion d'acier et a la deterioration des structures en beton arme. Aussi, les barres d'armature en materiaux composites de PRF possedent une resistance en traction elevee (environ 2 a 6 fois la limite elastique de l'acier d'armature conventionnel), ce qui leur permet de constituer un renforcement structural attrayant pour les structures en beton. Le comportement d'elements structuraux en beton arme de barres en PRF est different de ceux en beton arme de barres d'acier. En effet, les barres en PRF possedent un module d'elasticite relativement plus faible que celui de l'acier et ont des proprietes d'adherence differentes de celles des barres d'acier. L'utilisation des barres d'armature en PRF pour armer les dalles de tabliers de ponts se concretise de plus en plus avec l'avancement des recherches dans ce domaine. La recherche entamee dans le cadre de cette these s'inscrit dans un programme de travaux realises au sein de la Chaire de recherche CRSNG/Industrie sur les Materiaux composites novateurs en PRF pour les infrastructures au departement de genie civil a l'Universite de Sherbrooke. Le comportement de membrures en beton arme de PRF soumis a des sollicitations mecaniques constitue un des principaux axes de recherche. Dans le cadre de cette these, une serie d'essais a ete effectuee sur huit dalles de ponts a confinement interne a grande echelle. Les parametres des essais comprennent: (1) l'epaisseur de la dalle, (2) le type et le taux d'armature transversale de l

  16. Etude Par Spectroscopie Infrarouge des Oxydes Moleculaires Superoxyde de Potassium, Peroxyde de Potassium et Trioxyde de Silicium Isoles EN Matrice D'argon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tremblay, Benoit

    1995-01-01

    A l'aide de la spectroscopie d'absorption infrarouge et de la technique d'isolation en matrice d'argon, nous avons repris l'etude des differents oxydes moleculaires qui se forment lorsque l'oxygene moleculaire se trouve dans des agregats avec du potassium, du silicium et de l'oxyde de silicium SiO. Le choix des oxydes moleculaires KO_2 et K_2O_2 a ete motive par le fait qu'ils ont souvent ete mis en evidence dans tres travaux en physique des surfaces lors de letude du systeme O_2/K/Si. Ces oxydes avaient deja ete identifies par spectroscopie infrarouge en matrice d'argon au debut des annees soixante-dix. Pour KO_2, l'observation des modes nu_2 et nu_3 pour de nombreuses especes isotopiques nous a permis de deduire la longueur de la liaison K-O et de l'angle O-K-O. En effet, la construction d'un champ de force harmonique nous a permis de determiner sa structure et des constantes de force qui reprodusient tres bien les frequences experimentales observees. L'etude de l'oxyde K_2O _2 s'est averee interessante car avant notre travail, seule une vibration avait ete mise en evidence. Nous avons reussi a observer deux nouvelles vibrations fondamentales: une bande infrarouge faible a 185 cm^{-1}, avec les isotopes ^{16}O _2, ^{18}O _2 et ^{16} O^{18}O de l'oxygene, et une autre, activee en infrarouge avec l'isotope ^{16}O^{18 }O a 405 cm^{-1}. Les donnees experimentales etant insuffisantes pour deduire la structure de la molecule, des calculs theoriques avec la methode de la fonctionnelle de la densite ont donne le structure et les vibrations non observees du K _2O_2. Ces donnees supplementaires sont venues completer les resultats experimentaux et nous ont permis de construire un champ de force harmonique avec <=uel nous avons trouve des constantes de force qui reproduisent tres bien les frequences observees. Les calculs theoriques ont monte que K_2O _2 doit etre de structure C_ {rm 2v}, bien que la structure D _{rm 2h} ne puisse pas etre rejetee, puisque qu'il y a un

  17. Navigation d'un vehicule autonome autour d'un asteroide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dionne, Karine

    Les missions d'exploration planetaire utilisent des vehicules spatiaux pour acquerir les donnees scientifiques qui font avancer notre connaissance du systeme solaire. Depuis les annees 90, ces missions ciblent non seulement les planetes, mais aussi les corps celestes de plus petite taille comme les asteroides. Ces astres representent un defi particulier du point de vue des systemes de navigation, car leur environnement dynamique est complexe. Une sonde spatiale doit reagir rapidement face aux perturbations gravitationnelles en presence, sans quoi sa securite pourrait etre compromise. Les delais de communication avec la Terre pouvant souvent atteindre plusieurs dizaines de minutes, il est necessaire de developper des logiciels permettant une plus grande autonomie d'operation pour ce type de mission. Ce memoire presente un systeme de navigation autonome qui determine la position et la vitesse d'un satellite en orbite autour d'un asteroide. Il s'agit d'un filtre de Kalman etendu adaptatif a trois degres de liberte. Le systeme propose se base sur l'imagerie optique pour detecter des " points de reperes " qui ont ete prealablement cartographies. Il peut s'agir de crateres, de rochers ou de n'importe quel trait physique discernable a la camera. Les travaux de recherche realises se concentrent sur les techniques d'estimation d'etat propres a la navigation autonome. Ainsi, on suppose l'existence d'un logiciel approprie qui realise les fonctions de traitement d'image. La principale contribution de recherche consiste en l'inclusion, a chaque cycle d'estimation, d'une mesure de distance afin d'ameliorer les performances de navigation. Un estimateur d'etat de type adaptatif est necessaire pour le traitement de ces mesures, car leur precision varie dans le temps en raison de l'erreur de pointage. Les contributions secondaires de recherche sont liees a l'analyse de l'observabilite du systeme ainsi qu'a une analyse de sensibilite pour six parametres principaux de conception. Les

  18. Geoheritage promotion of Thonon-les-Bains (Fr) region by the development of a geotourism product

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fanguin, Pauline

    2014-05-01

    of the thematic itineraries is focused on the discovery of different natural resources by explaining their formation and their use by society, allowing to enhance a selection of geoheritage. The itinerary is entitled: In the footsteps of the exploitation of natural resources... a history of water and rock. Keywords: Promotion, geoheritage, geotourism products, public, geodidactics models. REFERENCES Cayla, N., Hobléa, F., & Gasquet, D. (2010). Guide des bonnes pratiques de médiation des géosciences sur le terrain. Géologie de la France (1), pp. 47-55. Disponible sur : http://geolfrance.brgm.fr/article.asp?annee=2010&revue=1&article=8 (consulté le 4.02.2013). Martin, S., Regolini-Bissig, G., Perret, A., & Kozlik, L. (2010). Elaboration et évaluation des produits géotouristiques. Téoros, 29-2/2010. Disponible sur : http://teoros.revues.org/898 (consulted the 13.12.2012). Sellier D. (2009). La vulgarisation du patrimoine géomorphologique. Objets, moyens et perspectives. Bulletin de l'Association des Géographes Français, 1, pp. 67-81.

  19. How evidence-based is the information on the internet about nausea and vomiting of pregnancy?

    PubMed

    Sacks, Samantha; Abenhaim, Haim A

    2013-08-01

    Contexte : Internet est devenu une importante source de renseignements au sujet de la grossesse et des préoccupations de santé en général. Cette étude a évalué la qualité des renseignements disponibles sur Internet pour ce qui est des problèmes courants de la nausée et du vomissement pendant la grossesse (NVG). Méthodes : Nous avons utilisé trois termes de recherche (« nausea and vomiting in pregnancy », « morning sickness » et « hyperemesis gravidarum ») pour identifier les sites les plus populaires, tels que classés par Google. Au moyen de modifications apportées à des outils déjà décrits, la qualité des sites Web a été évaluée en fonction de trois critères : la responsabilité (au moyen des critères Silberg), la présentation (au moyen d’un score Abbott modifié) et la lisibilité (au moyen du score de niveau de langue Flesch-Kincaid). Par la suite, les renseignements offerts par ces sites Web ont été comparés aux renseignements offerts par la directive clinique de la SOGC sur la prise en charge des NVG. Résultats : Nous avons identifié 24 sites Web particuliers comme étant les plus populaires. Les scores globaux en matière de responsabilité ont indiqué une piètre qualité, seulement 25 % des sites Web satisfaisant aux critères requis et moins de la moitié de ces sites indiquant le nom du ou des auteurs et leurs références. Les critères traitant de l’attrait esthétique ont été satisfaits pour ce qui est de plus de 75 % des sites Web. Le score de lisibilité de ces sites Web se situait considérablement au-dessus du score recommandé pour la population générale (score de niveau de langue Flesch-Kincaid moyen de 10,7 [max. = 12]). Quatre-vingt-sept pour cent de ces sites Web contenaient des recommandations précises et factuelles, conformes aux renseignements offerts dans la directive clinique de la SOGC sur la prise en charge des NVG. Conclusion : De façon globale, la majorité des

  20. Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques de la population de l'aire de santé SAMBWA en rapport avec le traitement de l'onchocercose à l'ivermectine sous directives communautaires

    PubMed Central

    Philippe, Cilundika Mulenga; Bienvenu, Yogolelo Asani; Francoise, Malonga Kaj; Eric, Mukomena Sompwe; Abdon, Mukalay wa Mukalay; Luboya, Oscar Numbi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction L'onchocercose constitue un problème majeur de santé publique et l'on a noté environ 13 millions de personnes affectées et 26 millions exposées au cours de l'année 2012 en RDC. L'objectif de notre étude est fournir les données sur le niveau de connaissance, d'attitudes et des pratiques de la communauté huit ans après le lancement de la distribution de l'ivermectine sous directives communautaires. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude descriptive transversale dans la communauté de l'aire de santé SAMBWA de la zone de santé de KAFUBU. La population cible de l’étude est toute personne de la communauté âgée de 15 à 65 ans. Les paramètres étudiés sont: âge, niveau d'instruction, connaissance de la maladie en langue locale et des signes, attitudes devant les personnes atteintes, perception de la maladie, utilisation des pratiques traditionnelles, association entre le niveau d'instruction et la connaissance de savoir si l'on peut suivre un traitement. Résultats La moyenne d’âge des répondants était de 38±14 ans et 67,54% des enquêtés étaient de niveau primaire. L’étude a montré que 99,53% des répondants connaissaient le terme onchocercose en langue locale (UBUMFUKU) et un niveau moyen de connaissance en ce qui concerne les lésions de la peau (66,9%) était noté. 1,9% des répondants craignaient les personnes atteintes et 42,2% des répondants percevaient l'onchocercose comme une maladie. Une proportion de 55% qui prenaient les plantes comme médicament. Il y avait association significative entre le niveau d'instruction et la connaissance de suivre un traitement contre l'onchocercose (p: 0,008). Conclusion Ces résultats interpellent en ce qui concerne la sensibilisation de la communauté sur l'onchocercose. Les stratégies de lutte contre l'onchocercose devraient prendre en compte ces différentes insuffisances de la communauté pour améliorer le traitement des masses par l'ivermectine tant au niveau du ménage que des

  1. The Quality of Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials Varies between Subdisciplines of Physiotherapy.

    PubMed

    Moseley, Anne M; Elkins, Mark R; Janer-Duncan, Lee; Hush, Julia M

    2014-01-01

    Objectif: La qualité des rapports sur les essais randomisés portant sur des interventions en physiothérapie varie selon l'année de publication, la langue de publication et la question de savoir si l'intervention évaluée constitue un type d'électrothérapie. On n'a pas encore cherché systématiquement à déterminer si la qualité varie aussi en fonction de la sous-discipline de la physiothérapie. Cette étude visait à déterminer si la qualité des rapports portant sur les essais varie en fonction de la sous-discipline de la physiothérapie évaluée. Méthodes: On a trouvé des rapports portant sur des essais en physiothérapie en utilisant la base de données factuelles sur la physiothérapie (PEDro). On a évalué la qualité du rapport sur l'essai en fonction de l'échelle PEDro (résultat PEDro total et 11 questions individuelles). De multiples régressions linéaires et logistiques ont servi à prédire la qualité des rapports sur les essais et les sous-disciplines, le temps écoulé depuis la publication, la langue de la publication et l'évaluation de l'électrothérapie ont servi de variables indépendantes dans le modèle. Résultats: Les résultats PEDro globaux sont plus élevés lorsque les rapports sur les essais sont plus récents; lorsqu'ils sont publiés en anglais, lorsqu'ils portent sur l'électrothérapie et les sous-disciplines suivantes: musculosquelettique, neurologie, cardiopulmonaire, gérontologie, continence et santé des femmes, orthopédie ou pédiatrie. On établit un lien entre les essais dans les sous-disciplines ergonomie et santé au travail, oncologie et sports et des résultats PEDro globaux moins élevés. Il y a un lien positif entre la sous-discipline musculosquelettique et six des questions de l'évaluation PEDro, plus que dans toute autre sous-discipline. Conclusion: Il est possible d'améliorer la qualité de l'exécution d'essais randomisés et des rapports à leur sujet dans toutes les sous-disciplines de la

  2. A French multicenter study of over 700 patients with 22q11 deletions diagnosed using FISH or aCGH.

    PubMed

    Poirsier, Céline; Besseau-Ayasse, Justine; Schluth-Bolard, Caroline; Toutain, Jérôme; Missirian, Chantal; Le Caignec, Cédric; Bazin, Anne; de Blois, Marie Christine; Kuentz, Paul; Catty, Marie; Choiset, Agnès; Plessis, Ghislaine; Basinko, Audrey; Letard, Pascaline; Flori, Elisabeth; Jimenez, Mélanie; Valduga, Mylène; Landais, Emilie; Lallaoui, Hakima; Cartault, François; Lespinasse, James; Martin-Coignard, Dominique; Callier, Patrick; Pebrel-Richard, Céline; Portnoi, Marie-France; Busa, Tiffany; Receveur, Aline; Amblard, Florence; Yardin, Catherine; Harbuz, Radu; Prieur, Fabienne; Le Meur, Nathalie; Pipiras, Eva; Kleinfinger, Pascale; Vialard, François; Doco-Fenzy, Martine

    2016-06-01

    Although 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is the most recurrent human microdeletion syndrome associated with a highly variable phenotype, little is known about the condition's true incidence and the phenotype at diagnosis. We performed a multicenter, retrospective analysis of postnatally diagnosed patients recruited by members of the Association des Cytogénéticiens de Langue Française (the French-Speaking Cytogeneticists Association). Clinical and cytogenetic data on 749 cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2013 were collected by 31 French cytogenetics laboratories. The most frequent reasons for referral of postnatally diagnosed cases were a congenital heart defect (CHD, 48.6%), facial dysmorphism (49.7%) and developmental delay (40.7%). Since 2007 (the year in which array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was introduced for the routine screening of patients with intellectual disability), almost all cases have been diagnosed using FISH (96.1%). Only 15 cases (all with an atypical phenotype) were diagnosed with aCGH; the deletion size ranged from 745 to 2904 kb. The deletion was inherited in 15.0% of cases and was of maternal origin in 85.5% of the latter. This is the largest yet documented cohort of patients with 22q11.2DS (the most commonly diagnosed microdeletion) from the same population. French cytogenetics laboratories diagnosed at least 108 affected patients (including fetuses) per year from among a national population of ∼66 million. As observed for prenatal diagnoses, CHDs were the most frequently detected malformation in postnatal diagnoses. The most common CHD in postnatal diagnoses was an isolated septal defect.

  3. A Guide to Axial-Flow Turbine Off-Design Computer Program AXOD2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Shu-Cheng S.

    2014-01-01

    A Users Guide for the axial flow turbine off-design computer program AXOD2 is composed in this paper. This Users Guide is supplementary to the original Users Manual of AXOD. Three notable contributions of AXOD2 to its predecessor AXOD, both in the context of the Guide or in the functionality of the code, are described and discussed in length. These are: 1) a rational representation of the mathematical principles applied, with concise descriptions of the formulas implemented in the actual coding. Their physical implications are addressed; 2) the creation and documentation of an Addendum Listing of input namelist-parameters unique to AXOD2, that differ from or are in addition to the original input-namelists given in the Manual of AXOD. Their usages are discussed; and 3) the institution of proper stoppages of the code execution, encoding termination messaging and error messages of the execution to AXOD2. These measures are to safe-guard the integrity of the code execution, such that a failure mode encountered during a case-study would not plunge the code execution into indefinite loop, or cause a blow-out of the program execution. Details on these are discussed and illustrated in this paper. Moreover, this computer program has since been reconstructed substantially. Standard FORTRAN Langue was instituted, and the code was formatted in Double Precision (REAL*8). As the result, the code is now suited for use in a local Desktop Computer Environment, is perfectly portable to any Operating System, and can be executed by any FORTRAN compiler equivalent to a FORTRAN 9095 compiler. AXOD2 will be available through NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) Software Repository.

  4. We-Language and Sustained Reductions in Drinking in Couple-Based Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders.

    PubMed

    Hallgren, Kevin A; McCrady, Barbara S

    2016-03-01

    Couple-based treatments for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) produce higher rates of abstinence than individual-based treatments and posit that active involvement of both identified patients (IPs) and significant others (SOs) is partly responsible for these improvements. Separate research on couples' communication has suggested that pronoun usage can indicate a communal approach to coping with health-related problems. The present study tested whether communal coping, indicated by use of more first-person plural pronouns ("we" language), fewer second-person pronouns ("you" language), and fewer first-person singular pronouns ("I" language), predicted improvements in abstinence in couple-based AUD treatment. Pronoun use was measured in first- and mid-treatment sessions for 188 heterosexual couples in four clinical trials of alcohol behavioral couple therapy (ABCT). Percentages of days abstinent were assessed during treatment and over a 6-month follow-up period. Greater IP and SO "we" language during both sessions was correlated with greater improvement in abstinent days during treatment. Greater SO "we" language during first- and mid-treatment sessions was correlated with greater improvement in abstinence at follow-up. Greater use of IP and SO "you" and "I" language had mixed correlations with abstinence, typically being unrelated to or predicting less improvement in abstinence. When all pronoun variables were entered into regression models, only greater IP "we" langue and lower IP "you" language predicted improvements in abstinence during treatment, and only SO "we" language predicted improvements during follow-up. Most pronoun categories had little or no association with baseline relationship distress. Results suggest that communal coping predicts better abstinence outcomes in couple-based AUD treatment.

  5. [Evaluation of respiratory intensive care units at pneumology services].

    PubMed

    Vergnenègre, A

    2001-10-01

    Audits should be conducted in respiratory intensive care units (ICU) as in all other ICU using patient-specific indicators to assess medical activity and quality of care. However, other criteria, such as those developed by the SRLF ("Société de Réanimation de Langue Française"), should also be used. These criteria include the description of the patients previous health status, prognosis of underlying diseases, the SAPS I or SAPS II severity score at admission, the omega or TISS therapeutic scores, and the PRN index of health care burden. Medial and administrative audits are conducted using diagnosis-related groups (DRG) and case mix classification. The DRGs are used to establish an aggregate index of activity (ISA points) which contribute to the complex mechanism of budget allowance. Unfortunately, the French DRG case mix system does not provide an appropriate description of the costs of ICU stays. One of the special features of respiratory ICUs is related to patient flow. Patients are referred from a respiratory unit and discharged to a respiratory unit or a respiratory rehabilitation center. Readmissions are frequent. Many patients are also admitted only for diagnosis or a respiratory procedure requiring close surveillance. The SRLF criteria, which take into consideration all of these features, should always be used for the evaluation of quality of care. The French Society of Lung Disease (SPLF) has proposed specific standards of quality for respiratory ICU. We present here examples issuing for the ICU of the Hôtel-Dieu Hospital in Paris. The results show that non-specific national indicators, in combination with other indicators specific for respiratory ICU, provide appropriate audit data.

  6. [Evaluation of respiratory intensive care units at pneumology services].

    PubMed

    Vergnenègre, A

    2001-10-01

    Audits should be conducted in respiratory intensive care units (ICU) as in all other ICU using patient-specific indicators to assess medical activity and quality of care. However, other criteria, such as those developed by the SRLF ("Société de Réanimation de Langue Française"), should also be used. These criteria include the description of the patients previous health status, prognosis of underlying diseases, the SAPS I or SAPS II severity score at admission, the omega or TISS therapeutic scores, and the PRN index of health care burden. Medial and administrative audits are conducted using diagnosis-related groups (DRG) and case mix classification. The DRGs are used to establish an aggregate index of activity (ISA points) which contribute to the complex mechanism of budget allowance. Unfortunately, the French DRG case mix system does not provide an appropriate description of the costs of ICU stays. One of the special features of respiratory ICUs is related to patient flow. Patients are referred from a respiratory unit and discharged to a respiratory unit or a respiratory rehabilitation center. Readmissions are frequent. Many patients are also admitted only for diagnosis or a respiratory procedure requiring close surveillance. The SRLF criteria, which take into consideration all of these features, should always be used for the evaluation of quality of care. The French Society of Lung Disease (SPLF) has proposed specific standards of quality for respiratory ICU. We present here examples issuing for the ICU of the Hôtel-Dieu Hospital in Paris. The results show that non-specific national indicators, in combination with other indicators specific for respiratory ICU, provide appropriate audit data. PMID:11887768

  7. We-Language and Sustained Reductions in Drinking in Couple-Based Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders.

    PubMed

    Hallgren, Kevin A; McCrady, Barbara S

    2016-03-01

    Couple-based treatments for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) produce higher rates of abstinence than individual-based treatments and posit that active involvement of both identified patients (IPs) and significant others (SOs) is partly responsible for these improvements. Separate research on couples' communication has suggested that pronoun usage can indicate a communal approach to coping with health-related problems. The present study tested whether communal coping, indicated by use of more first-person plural pronouns ("we" language), fewer second-person pronouns ("you" language), and fewer first-person singular pronouns ("I" language), predicted improvements in abstinence in couple-based AUD treatment. Pronoun use was measured in first- and mid-treatment sessions for 188 heterosexual couples in four clinical trials of alcohol behavioral couple therapy (ABCT). Percentages of days abstinent were assessed during treatment and over a 6-month follow-up period. Greater IP and SO "we" language during both sessions was correlated with greater improvement in abstinent days during treatment. Greater SO "we" language during first- and mid-treatment sessions was correlated with greater improvement in abstinence at follow-up. Greater use of IP and SO "you" and "I" language had mixed correlations with abstinence, typically being unrelated to or predicting less improvement in abstinence. When all pronoun variables were entered into regression models, only greater IP "we" langue and lower IP "you" language predicted improvements in abstinence during treatment, and only SO "we" language predicted improvements during follow-up. Most pronoun categories had little or no association with baseline relationship distress. Results suggest that communal coping predicts better abstinence outcomes in couple-based AUD treatment. PMID:25809790

  8. On occasion of 800th anniversary of birth of Ibn al-Nafis--discoverer of cardiac and pulmonary circulation.

    PubMed

    Masic, Izet

    2010-01-01

    . It stemmed back to the sixteenth century. When Michael Servetus (1511-1553), Anderea Vesalius (?1514-1654), Nicolai Massa (1485-1569), Realdo Colombo (1520-1654), Valverde De Hamusco (1508-1565), Andera Cesalpino (1519-1603), Fabrici d'Aquapendent (1533-1619) and William Harvey (1578-1657) developed the concept. However, Muhyi-d-din At-Tatawi (1896-1945) presented his thesis "Der Lungenkreislauf nach El-Korachi. Dissert, z.eil. d. Doktorwrde, Freiburg im Brisgau 1924" of the blood circulation according to al Qurashi relaying on his discovery of his description of pulmonary circulation in one of ancient manuscripts, He proposed that the real credit for the discovery of the pulmonary circulation belongs this eminent physician of the thirteenth century: Ibn al-Nafis. Later another doctor Abdul Kareem Chihade (1922- ) presented another dissertation in Paris 1951 entitled" decouverte de la circulatio pulmonaire chez Ibn an-Nafis". Published by Institut Francais De Damas 1955. Other prominent professors like: Paul Galiounji and Salman Qatayyah researched extensively in his manuscripts and produced very important monographs. The general consensus is that Ibn al-Nafis' work exerted great influence on the development of medical science, both in the Islamic world and Europe. A closer look on Ibn al-Nafis contribution would indicate that he also described the coronary circulation, the cranial nerves the gall bladder anatomy and many new aspect of ophthalmology. He advocated as well therapy through nutrition. His work integrated the medical knowledge with great clarity and emphasized precision. PMID:21287961

  9. From Teacher-at-Sea to Authentic Science in the Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holzer, M. A.; Laj, C.

    2007-12-01

    Research has shown that most teachers will teach the way they have been taught, unless a sustainable intervention has taken place. This has the greatest implications for teachers of science, where those who have been taught with inquiry approaches will employ inquiry approaches in their classrooms, and those who have been taught with lecture and note taking will teach primarily using lectures and note taking. If our children are to learn about the nature of science, they need to be taught using constructivist and inquiry methods. A teacher who only uses textbooks and lectures will not create students who can employ critical thinking skills indicative of the nature of science. There is a way to change the way our teachers teach science, and that is by exposing teachers to authentic inquiry. The Teacher at Sea Program sponsored by Institut Polaire Francais (IPEV) created such an opportunity for 4 teachers, who participated in the PACHIDERME deep sea sediment cruise on the R/V Marion Dufresne off the coast of Chile for 3 weeks in February, 2007. While onboard the teachers assisted research scientists from France, Germany, Norway, and Chile in their quest to gather and analyze sediment cores for clues to past climates. The teachers were immersed in the research projects right from the start. They all participated in a "watch" and assisted those on the watch with the processing of the cores, which included properly labeling and packaging each of the core segments. Prior to the packaging, preliminary analysis was done to identify the physical and biological attributes of the core. The scientists gave of their time to coach the teachers not only on the techniques they were using, but also on the process of science. Whether it's working on an unstable platform, coring into the unknown, or adjusting to the weather that Mother Nature brings, the nature and process of science out at sea is complicated. The teachers came to realize this as they sailed in and out of the fjord

  10. EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

    was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his

  11. Contribution a la comprehension de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et du laitier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houehanou, Ernesto C.

    similaires apres 4 et 6 annees de service. La microstructure des betons en service a ete analysee au moyen du microscope a balayage electronique (MEB). Les resultats montrent que la qualite du murissement influence grandement la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons contenant de la cendre volante et de laitier surtout lorsqu'ils sont soumis ' aux essais acceleres en laboratoire. La duree du pretraitement humide est un parametre cle de la durabilite a l'ecaillage des betons testes en laboratoire. Le pretraitement humide correspond a la duree totale du murissement humide (100% HR) et de la periode de presaturation. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. Pour les deux methodes d'essai, l'allongement du pretraitement humide a 28 jours ameliore la resistance a l'ecaillage de tous les types de betons et en particulier celle des betons avec cendres volantes. La periode de presaturation de 7 jours de la procedure NQ 2621-900 a un effet similaire a celui d'un murissement humide de meme longueur. Un murissement humide de 28 jours apparait optimal et conduit a une estimation plus realiste de la resistance a l'ecaillage reelle des betons. Pour une meme duree de pretraitement humide, les procedures NQ 2621-900 et ASTM C672 donnent des resultats equivalents. L'utilisation d'un moule a fond drainant n'a pas d'effet sur la resistance a l'ecaillage des betons de cette etude. Bien que le murissement dans l'eau saturee de chaux offre toute l'eau requise pour favoriser le developpement des proprietes du beton et l'amelioration de sa durabilite a l'ecaillage, elle lessive cependant les ions alcalins ce qui diminue defavorablement l'alcalinite et le pH de la solution interstitielle de la pate de ciment pres de la surface exposee. L'utilisation d'un agent de murissement protege mieux les betons contenant de la cendre volante et ameliore

  12. Le transfert de connaissances entre les mathematiques et les sciences. Une etude exploratoire aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samson, Ghislain

    2003-06-01

    Au moment ou dans plusieurs pays on travaille a refondre les programmes d'etudes, tant au primaire qu'au secondaire, l'interet pour le transfert renait. Un des concepts fondamentaux en apprentissage consiste en l'habilete a reutiliser de facon consciente et efficace un acquis d'une situation a une autre situation. Cette recherche emane de preoccupations professionnelles au moment ou le chercheur etait enseignant au secondaire. Au cours de ces annees, il lui a ete possible de constater que plusieurs eleves percevaient difficilement les liens presents entre les disciplines mathematiques et scientifiques. Des travaux en psychologie cognitive et plus particulierement selon une perspective du traitement de l'information ont servi de cadre de reference pour evaluer et analyser les capacites de transfert aupres d'eleves de 4e secondaire. Ce cadre de reference permet de formuler le principal objectif qui est de mieux comprendre le processus de transfert chez des eleves en situation de resolution de problemes scientifiques. Cette these s'interesse donc au transfert en tant que phenomene important du processus d'apprentissage au sens de l'integration. La methode de recherche choisie, de nature qualitative, est principalement axee sur l'evaluation de la capacite a transferer des connaissances lors d'une epreuve et d'un entretien. Pour evaluer ce potentiel de transfert, nous avons elabore deux outils: une epreuve en mathematiques et en sciences et un guide d'entretien. Pour la passation de l'epreuve, le chercheur a pu compter sur la collaboration de 130 sujets provenant de deux ecoles. L'entretien complete la prise de donnees avec 13 sujets ayant accepte de poursuivre l'etude. Les donnees recueillies par ces instruments font ensuite l'objet d'une analyse de contenu. En premier lieu, les verbatims de l'epreuve et de l'entretien ont ete transcrits, puis codifies. La correction des reponses fournies pour les problemes resolus s'est faite a partir d'une grille d

  13. Les reseaux de politique publique comme facteur d'influence du choix des instruments de politique energetique canadienne a des fins environnementales de 1993 a nos jours

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fathy El Dessouky, Naglaa

    Au cours de la derniere decennie, les modes de la gouvernance ont pris place dans un contexte totalement different de celui qu'ils avaient auparavant. Les gouvernements modernes se rendent compte qu'ils perdent de plus en plus leur capacite a elaborer et a gerer les changements d'une maniere autonome. Ainsi, les fonctions et les activites traditionnellement accomplies exclusivement par le gouvernement engagent de nos jours une gamme d'acteurs etatiques et non etatiques. A l'encontre du concept traditionnel de l'Etat controleur, la gouvernance contemporaine est ainsi devenue moins une question d'offre de service et davantage une gestion indirecte des reseaux de politique publique. Dans cette entreprise, les gouvernements contemporains, cherchant plus d'information, de soutien et de legitimite en matiere de formulation des decisions, ont besoin d'etablir des relations avec les divers groupes d'interet qui, a leur tour, voulaient plus de promotion et de protection en faveur de leurs interets a travers leur implication au processus de l'elaboration et de la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques. Ainsi, l'approche des reseaux de politique publique represente aujourd'hui un courant considerable au sein du champ d'analyse des politiques publiques. Toutefois, les preoccupations des chercheurs pour cette approche, dans le domaine des politiques energetiques a des fins environnementales, semblent recentes, et les etudes realisees sont encore trop peu nombreuses. Au Canada, au debut des annees 1990, le gouvernement ainsi que plusieurs groupes d'interets, des differents secteurs energetique, industriel et environnemental, ont commence a intensifier leurs efforts pour s'attaquer au probleme du changement climatique d'origine energetique, genere surtout par le secteur de l'industrie. Au cours de la derniere decennie, la question touchant plutot le sujet du developpement energetique durable represente le plus important domaine des politiques publiques ayant surgi recemment dans

  14. Une alternative au cobalt pour la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi par plasma inductif thermique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrier, Jean-Francois

    Les nanotubes de carbone de type monoparoi (C-SWNT) sont une classe recente de nanomateriaux qui ont fait leur apparition en 1991. L'interet qu'on leur accorde provient des nombreuses proprietes d'avant-plan qu'ils possedent. Leur resistance mecanique serait des plus rigide, tout comme ils peuvent conduire l'electricite et la chaleur d'une maniere inegalee. Non moins, les C-SWNT promettent de devenir une nouvelle classe de plateforme moleculaire, en servant de site d'attache pour des groupements reactifs. Les promesses de ce type particulier de nanomateriau sont nombreuses, la question aujourd'hui est de comment les realiser. La technologie de synthese par plasma inductif thermique se situe avantageusement pour la qualite de ses produits, sa productivite et les faibles couts d'operation. Par contre, des recherches recentes ont permis de mettre en lumiere des risques d'expositions reliees a l'utilisation du cobalt, comme catalyseur de synthese; son elimination ou bien son remplacement est devenu une preoccupation importante. Quatre recettes alternatives ont ete mises a l'essai afin de trouver une alternative plus securitaire a la recette de base; un melange catalytique ternaire, compose de nickel, de cobalt et d'oxyde d'yttrium. La premiere consiste essentiellement a remplacer la proportion massique de cobalt par du nickel, qui etait deja present dans la recette de base. Les trois options suivantes contiennent de nouveaux catalyseurs, en remplacement au Co, qui sont apparus dans plusieurs recherches scientifiques au courant des dernieres annees: le dioxyde de zircone (ZrO2), dioxyde de manganese (MnO2) et le molybdene (Mo). La methode utilisee consiste a vaporiser la matiere premiere, sous forme solide, dans un reacteur plasma a haute frequence (3 MHz) a paroi refroidi. Apres le passage dans le plasma, le systeme traverse une section dite de "croissance", isolee thermiquement a l'aide de graphite, afin de maintenir une certaine plage de temperature favorable a la

  15. Une version québécoise du Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2)—Outil d'évaluation des commotions cérébrales dans le sport 2 : Québec (SCAT2-Qc)

    PubMed Central

    Boyd, Jami; Boyer-Rémillard, Marie-Eve; Pilon-Piquette, Michael; McKinley, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    RÉSUMÉ Objectif : traduire le Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) dans la langue française parlée au Québec et en vérifier l'acceptabilité pour la population québécoise francophone. Méthodologie : le processus de traduction de la version originale du SCAT2 a fait appel à une variante de la méthode de traduction et d'adaptation d'outils proposée par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé. Une traduction parallèle a d'abord été réalisée. Ensuite, un comité a révisé cette traduction parallèle dans le but de produire une version préliminaire du SCAT2-Qc. Puis, on a procédé à une rétrotraduction parallèle, que l'on a comparée à la version originale. La version préliminaire a été modifiée. Pour parvenir à la version finale, on a intégré les suggestions et les commentaires formulés par deux sujets sains lors de l'essai de l'outil, et lors de la comparaison du SCAT2-Qc à la version française existante par trois réviseurs du domaine de la santé. On a ensuite testé la version finale du SCAT2-Qc auprès de douze sujets sains pour en vérifier l'acceptabilité. Résultats : les douze sujets sains n'ont eu aucun problème de compréhension en utilisant le SCAT2-Qc. Conclusion : les différentes étapes de traduction ont permis de créer le SCAT2-Qc. Son contenu ayant été validé, il peut à présent être utilisé dans le milieu sportif et scientifique québécois. PMID:24396168

  16. Une validation de la forme abrégée de l’Échelle de provisions sociales : l’ÉPS-10 items

    PubMed Central

    Caron, Jean

    2016-01-01

    L’Échelle de provisions sociales-10 items (ÉPS-10) est une version abrégée de l’Échelle de provisions sociales (Social Provisions Scale) (Cutrona et Russell, 1987) validée en langue française sur une population québécoise (Caron, 1996) et qui permet de mesurer la disponibilité du soutien social. L’ÉPS-10 conserve cinq des six sous-échelles de l’ÉPS (l’attachement ; l’intégration sociale ; la confirmation de sa valeur ; l’aide matérielle et l’orientation), le besoin de se sentir utile et nécessaire ayant été exclu, et ne garde que les items formulés positivement, soit deux items par dimension du soutien. L’article présente la validation de l’EPS-10 sur un échantillon représentatif de 2433 personnes provenant de la population générale du sud-ouest de Montréal. Elle a une forte validité concomitante avec l’Échelle originelle de 24 items (ÉPS). Tous ces items sont fortement corrélés au score total et sa consistance interne est excellente. Des analyses de corrélation entre les sous-échelles et le score global et une analyse factorielle indiquent que l’ÉPS-10 conserve sa validité de construit. L’ÉPS-10 explique 14,1 % de la variance de la détresse psychologique et 25,4 % de la variance de la qualité de vie et conserve un pouvoir prédictif équivalent à l’ÉPS à 24 items. L’ensemble des analyses suggère que l’ÉPS-10 est un instrument fiable et valide pour mesurer la disponibilité du soutien social avec un temps d’administration réduit de moitié. Il s’avère un excellent choix pour les enquêtes épidémiologiques. PMID:24337002

  17. Soil organic degradation: bridging the gap between Rock-Eval pyrolysis and chemical characterization (CPMAS 13C NMR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, Remy; Sebag, David; Verrecchia, Eric

    2013-04-01

    applications in hydrocarbon exploration, production, and soil contamination studies. Revue De L Institut Francais Du Petrole, 53(4), 421-437. Sebag, D., Disnar, J.R., Guillet, B., Di Giovanni, C., Verrecchia, E.P., Durand, A. 2006. Monitoring organic matter dynamics in soil profiles by 'Rock-Eval pyrolysis': bulk characterization and quantification of degradation. European Journal of Soil Science, 57(3), 344-355.

  18. Fetal growth restriction and intra-uterine growth restriction: guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians.

    PubMed

    Vayssière, C; Sentilhes, L; Ego, A; Bernard, C; Cambourieu, D; Flamant, C; Gascoin, G; Gaudineau, A; Grangé, G; Houfflin-Debarge, V; Langer, B; Malan, V; Marcorelles, P; Nizard, J; Perrotin, F; Salomon, L; Senat, M-V; Serry, A; Tessier, V; Truffert, P; Tsatsaris, V; Arnaud, C; Carbonne, B

    2015-10-01

    . Hadlock's EFW formula with three indicators (HC, AC and FL) should ideally be used (Grade B). The ultrasound report must specify the percentile of the EFW (Grade C). Verification of the date of conception is essential. It is based on the crown-rump length between 11 and 14 weeks of gestation (Grade A). The HC, AC and FL measurements must be related to the appropriate reference curves (professional consensus); those modelled from College Francais d'Echographie Fetale data are recommended because they are multicentere French curves (professional consensus). Whether or not a work-up should be performed and its content depend on the context (gestational age, severity of biometric abnormalities, other ultrasound data, parents' wishes, etc.) (professional consensus). Such a work-up only makes sense if it might modify pregnancy management and, in particular, if it has the potential to reduce perinatal and long-term morbidity and mortality (professional consensus). The use of umbilical artery Doppler velocimetry is associated with better newborn health status in populations at risk, especially in those with FGR (Grade A). This Doppler examination must be the first-line tool for surveillance of fetuses with SGA and FGR (professional consensus). A course of corticosteroids is recommended for women with an FGR fetus, and for whom delivery before 34 weeks of gestation is envisaged (Grade C). Magnesium sulphate should be prescribed for preterm deliveries before 32-33 weeks of gestation (Grade A). The same management should apply for preterm FGR deliveries (Grade C). In cases of FGR, fetal growth must be monitored at intervals of no less than 2 weeks, and ideally 3 weeks (professional consensus). Referral to a Level IIb or III maternity ward must be proposed in cases of EFW <1500g, potential birth before 32-34 weeks of gestation (absent or reversed umbilical end-diastolic flow, abnormal venous Doppler) or a fetal disease associated with any of these (professional consensus). Systematic

  19. Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children.

    PubMed

    Metallidou, Panagiota; Vlachou, Anastasia

    2007-02-01

    metacognitive frameworks and ideas for future research are discussed. Cette étude porte sur les différences contextuelles dans les patrons relationnels entre les diverses composantes motivationnelle, cognitive et métacognitive de l'apprentissage et de la performance auto-régulés dans deux domaines d'étude clé du programme, soit la langue et les mathématiques. Ces différences contextuelles ont été examinées dans un échantillon de 263 d'enfants d'une école primaire grecque (of) en cinquième et sixième année. Les différences sexuelles et les différences d'âge ont été aussi étudiées. Les élèves ont été priés de compléter le «Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire» (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ) qui comprend cinq facteurs: (a) l'auto-efficacité, (b) la valeur intrinsèque, (c) un test d'anxiété, (d) l'utilisation d'une stratégie cognitive et (e) les stratégies d'auto-régulation. Ils ont répondu aux énoncés du questionnaire sur une échelle de type Likert à 7 points en termes de leur comportement en classe de langue et en classe de mathématiques séparément. De plus, les enseignants ont été priés d'évaluer chaque résultat de leurs élèves dans la langue grecque et en mathématique sur une échelle allant de 1 à 20 points en comparaison au reste de la classe. Les résultats de l'étude ont indiqué très peu de différences dans les patrons relationnels entre les composantes auto-régulées à l'intérieur et entre les domaines d'étude. En même temps, les résultats ont révélé un caractère contextuel spécifique des composantes auto-regulées. De plus, la présente étude (a) a confirmé le rôle médiateur des stratégies dans la relation motivation-performance, (b) a souligné le rôle différé des stratégies cognitive et régulatoire dans la prédiction de la performance dans les domaines d'étude qui diffèrent dans leurs caractéristiques structurelles du contenu et (c) a souligné le rôle motivationnel clé de l

  20. Motivational beliefs, cognitive engagement, and achievement in language and mathematics in elementary school children.

    PubMed

    Metallidou, Panagiota; Vlachou, Anastasia

    2007-02-01

    metacognitive frameworks and ideas for future research are discussed. Cette étude porte sur les différences contextuelles dans les patrons relationnels entre les diverses composantes motivationnelle, cognitive et métacognitive de l'apprentissage et de la performance auto-régulés dans deux domaines d'étude clé du programme, soit la langue et les mathématiques. Ces différences contextuelles ont été examinées dans un échantillon de 263 d'enfants d'une école primaire grecque (of) en cinquième et sixième année. Les différences sexuelles et les différences d'âge ont été aussi étudiées. Les élèves ont été priés de compléter le «Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire» (Pintrich & De Groot, 1990 ) qui comprend cinq facteurs: (a) l'auto-efficacité, (b) la valeur intrinsèque, (c) un test d'anxiété, (d) l'utilisation d'une stratégie cognitive et (e) les stratégies d'auto-régulation. Ils ont répondu aux énoncés du questionnaire sur une échelle de type Likert à 7 points en termes de leur comportement en classe de langue et en classe de mathématiques séparément. De plus, les enseignants ont été priés d'évaluer chaque résultat de leurs élèves dans la langue grecque et en mathématique sur une échelle allant de 1 à 20 points en comparaison au reste de la classe. Les résultats de l'étude ont indiqué très peu de différences dans les patrons relationnels entre les composantes auto-régulées à l'intérieur et entre les domaines d'étude. En même temps, les résultats ont révélé un caractère contextuel spécifique des composantes auto-regulées. De plus, la présente étude (a) a confirmé le rôle médiateur des stratégies dans la relation motivation-performance, (b) a souligné le rôle différé des stratégies cognitive et régulatoire dans la prédiction de la performance dans les domaines d'étude qui diffèrent dans leurs caractéristiques structurelles du contenu et (c) a souligné le rôle motivationnel clé de l

  1. Fracture panfaciale: un challenge thérapeutique: à propos d'une observation et revue de la littérature

    PubMed Central

    Fassih, Malika; Nassik, Hicham; Abada, Mourad Nafaa Redallah; Rouadi, Sami; Mahta, Mohamed; Roubal, Mohamed; Essaadi, Mustapha; El Kadiri, Mohamed Fatmi

    2015-01-01

    La gestion des traumatismes de la face a subi plusieurs progrès dans la dernière décennie. Avec l'avènement de la tomodensitométrie bi- et tridimensionnelle, qui permet de dresser une cartographie précise des lésions osseuses, le développement du matériel d'ostéosynthèse, et les procédés de réduction des fractures. L'objectif est la restauration totale de la forme et la fonction de la face, seul garant pour empêcher la survenue de préjudices esthétiques et fonctionnels. Nous rapportons l'observation de Mme assal khadija, âgée de 38 ans, admise le 25 Aout 2010, au service des urgences d'ORL et maxillo-faciales, à l'hôpital 20 aout de Casablanca, victime d'un AVP, occasionnant un traumatisme facial grave, avec un important délabrement de la face, et asphyxie. Une trachéotomie a été réalisée en urgence. Le bilan lésionnel a objectivé un important fracas du massif facial intéressant l’étage supérieure, moyen et inférieur. Dans l'immédiat, un parage a été réalisé sous anesthésie générale, la réparation des parties molles délabrées a été effectuée en endobuccale (vestibules, langue et plancher buccal) et pour les téguments de la face. Une semaine après, la patiente a été reprise pour la reconstruction du massif facial, nous avons opté pour le «inside-out, de bas en haut" pour la réduction des fractures. Nous avons procédé à la fixation de la mandibule qui a précédé la reconstruction du maxillaire, de la pyramide nasale, et de l'orbite. L’évolution a été marquée par l'apparition d'un orostome, qui fera l'objet après tarissement de l'infection, d'une réparation grâce à un lambeau myocutané, et une nécrose cutanée de la région zygomatique laissée à la cicatrisation dirigée. Toutes les lésions traumatiques de la face ont des répercussions esthétiques et fonctionnelles à moyen et long termes, dont le degré dépend de la qualité de la prise en charge, qui étant la plus précoce et la plus

  2. Toxicité sérotoninergique résultant d’une interaction médicamenteuse entre le bleu de méthylène et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine

    PubMed Central

    Charbonneau, Annie

    2013-01-01

    RÉSUMÉ Contexte : Le bleu de méthylène est employé en pratique pour diverses raisons médicales. Des données récentes ont évoqué une interaction potentielle avec les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine, pouvant conduire à une toxicité sérotoninergique. Objectif : Décrire le risque de toxicité sérotoninergique associé à l’interaction entre le bleu de méthylène et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine. Sources de l’information : Les publications pertinentes ont été ciblées systématiquement au moyen des moteurs de recherche MEDLINE (1946 au 21 mars 2013) et Embase (1974 à 2013, semaine 11) en utilisant les mots clés suivants : methylene blue, methylthioninium, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, serotonin reuptake inhibitors et serotonin syndrome. Aucune restriction touchant l’indication du bleu de méthylène ou la langue n’a été appliquée. Les références des publications ont également été analysées. Sélection des études et extraction des données : Dix-huit études de cas et deux séries de cas systématiques ont été sélectionnées. Aucune étude clinique aléatoire n’a encore été publiée. Synthèse des résultats : La première étude de cas à avoir soupçonné une interaction entre le bleu de méthylène et les inhibiteurs de la recapture de la sérotonine est parue en 2003. Dix-sept autres études de cas décrivant le même type d’interaction ont par la suite été rapportées. Les deux séries de cas ont regroupé les données de quelques 325 parathyroïdectomies où le bleu de méthylène avait été employé comme agent colorant. Les 17 patients qui ont présenté une toxicité du système nerveux central prenaient tous en période préopératoire des inhibiteurs de recapture de la sérotonine. Conclusion : Lorsqu’il est administré en concomitance avec des inhibiteurs de recapture de la sérotonine, le bleu de méthylène peut conduire à une toxicité sérotoninergique à une dose aussi

  3. Menstrual suppression in special circumstances.

    PubMed

    Kirkham, Yolanda A; Ornstein, Melanie P; Aggarwal, Anjali; McQuillan, Sarah; Allen, Lisa; Millar, Debra; Dalziel, Nancy; Gascon, Suzy; Hakim, Julie; Ryckman, Julie; Spitzer, Rachel; Van Eyk, Nancy

    2014-10-01

    Objectif : Offrir, aux fournisseurs de soins de santé, un document de consensus canadien comptant des recommandations pour ce qui est de la suppression menstruelle chez les patientes qui font face à des obstacles physiques et/ou cognitifs ou chez les patientes qui font l’objet d’un traitement contre le cancer et pour lesquelles les règles pourraient exercer un effet délétère sur la santé. Options : Le présent document analyse les options disponibles aux fins de la suppression menstruelle, les indications, les contre-indications et les effets indésirables (tant immédiats qu’à long terme) propres à cette dernière, et les explorations et le monitorage nécessaires tout au long de la suppression. Issues : Les cliniciens seront mieux renseignés au sujet des options et des indications propres à la suppression menstruelle chez les patientes qui présentent des déficiences cognitives et/ou physiques et chez les patientes qui font l’objet d’une chimiothérapie, d’une radiothérapie ou d’autres traitements contre le cancer. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans Medline, EMBASE, OVID et The Cochrane Library au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé et de mots clés appropriés (p. ex. « heavy menstrual bleeding », « menstrual suppression », « chemotherapy/radiation », « cognitive disability », « physical disability », « learning disability »). Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés, aux études observationnelles et aux études pilotes. Aucune restriction n’a été imposée en matière de langue ou de date. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et du nouveau matériel a été intégré à la directive clinique jusqu’en septembre 2013. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d

  4. Hydrography and silica budget of the Angola Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Bennekom, A. J.; Berger, G. W.

    Nous présentons une revue des connaissances actuelles sur les circulations des masses d'eau dans le Bassin de l'Angola, particulièrement pour la région du panache saumâtre et de l'éventail sedimentaire profond du fleuve Zaire. La limite du panache saumâtre se situe à ˜800 km de l'embouchure du fleuve, en direction sud-ouset en février et mars, en direction ouest en mae et juillet, et en direction nord-ouest en novembre. L'épaisseur des eaux du panache augmente de moins de 5 m pr `´es de l'embouchure à ˜25 m près du bord du panache. Les eaux océaniques sous et autour du panache sont formées par l'interaction des eaux allant vers l'est - le courant subsuperficiel de Lomonosov à l 0S, le contre-courant sud-équatorial à 6-13 0S - et les eaux d'origine sub-antarctique, allant vers le nord (le courant de Benguela). Les graphes salinité-nitrate sont utilisés pour distinguer ces masses d'eau. Les eaux du courant de Benguela peuvent être suivies jusqu' à 5 0S dans une langue étroite au delà du shelf. On montre la formation des divers fronts, des tourbillons et des dômes, qui apportent les sels nutritifs dans la zône euphotique, produisant une productio primaire relativement élevée, particulièrement au sud du panache. Les diatomées sont très important dans cette production primaire. Cela compte aussi dans le panache, où 40-90% de la silice dissoute amenées par le fleuve Zaire, se transforment en diatomées entre salinités de 28 et 32. Des coupes à travers du canyon du Zaire montrent un mélange vertical accru et la distribution de la salinité suggère un net mouvement des eaux de fond vers la côte. Les eaux de fond à la base de la pente continentale possèdent légérement moins d'oxygène et légérement plus de sels nutritifs, spécialement le PO 4 que les eaux du fond dans la partie centrale du Bassin de l'Angola. Environ 80% de l'augmentation en PO 4 dissoute sont probablement originaire de la désorption de phosphate, adsorbé sur

  5. Amantadine: a review of use in child and adolescent psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Hosenbocus, Sheik; Chahal, Raj

    2013-02-01

    Résumé OBJECTIF: Passer en revue, résumer et discuter la littérature publiée sur la pharmacologie et l’utilisation de l’amantadine en pédopsychiatrie. MÉTHODE: Une recherche de la littérature dans plusieurs bases de données (PubMed, Psychinfo, CINAHL, Medline, PsycARTICLES, Biomedical Reference Collection et Academis Search Complete) a été menée avec le mot clé « amantadine » avec des limites: langue anglaise, essais sur des humains, tous les enfants (de 0 à 18 ans). Des articles additionnels pertinents ont été relevés dans les bibliographies. Étant donné la quantité limitée d’information obtenue, la recherche s’est élargie et a inclus « tous les enfants et les adultes », et l’information pertinente a été saisie. RÉSULTATS: L’utilisation de l’amantadine pour traiter les troubles neuro-développementaux chez les enfants est due à son effet antagoniste au recepteur N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). L’effet de l’amantadine sur le système glutamatergique des neurotransmetteurs, jouer un rôle important dans de nombreux troubles psychiatriques. La majorité des études relevées étaient des études ouvertes et seulement deux étaient des études contrôlées d’enfants et d’adolescents. Un essai randomisé contrôlé rendait compte des effets bénéfiques du contrôle des symptômes d’irritabilité et d’hyperactivité chez les enfants souffrant d’un trouble autiste. Un autre essai randomisé contrôlé, une étude de comparaison directe avec le méthylphénidate, a constaté un effet statistiquement significatif sur le trouble de déficit de l’attention avec hyperactivité (TDAH). Deux autres études ouvertes constataient aussi des effets positifs sur le TDAH. Une étude pilote sur des enfants souffrant d’énurésie constatait une réduction significative de la fréquence de l’incontinence. Ouvertes pour la plupart, les études sur les adultes, relativement aux enfants et aux adolescents, rapportaient une

  6. Female genital cosmetic surgery.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Dorothy; Lefebvre, Guylaine; Bouchard, Celine; Shapiro, Jodi; Blake, Jennifer; Allen, Lisa; Cassell, Krista; Leyland, Nicholas; Wolfman, Wendy; Allaire, Catherine; Awadalla, Alaa; Best, Carolyn; Dunn, Sheila; Heywood, Mark; Lemyre, Madeleine; Marcoux, Violaine; Menard, Chantal; Potestio, Frank; Rittenberg, David; Singh, Sukhbir; Shapiro, Jodi; Akhtar, Saima; Camire, Bruno; Christilaw, Jan; Corey, Julie; Nelson, Erin; Pierce, Marianne; Robertson, Deborah; Simmonds, Anne

    2013-12-01

    Objectif : Fournir aux gynécologues canadiens des directives factuelles en matière de chirurgie esthétique génitale chez la femme, en réponse au nombre grandissant de demandes (et d’interventions) de chirurgie vaginale et vulvaire se situant bien au-delà des reconstructions traditionnellement indiquées sur le plan médical. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed ou MEDLINE, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library en 2011 et en 2012 au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé et de mots clés appropriés (« female genital cosmetic surgery »). Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs et aux études observationnelles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’en mai 2012. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Valeurs : La qualité des résultats est évaluée au moyen des critères décrits dans le rapport du Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (Tableau). Recommandations 1. Un des rôles importants des obstétriciens-gynécologues devrait consister à aider les femmes à comprendre leur anatomie et à en respecter les variantes qui leur sont propres. (III-A) 2. Lorsqu’une femme demande la tenue d’interventions esthétiques vaginales, une anamnèse médicale, sexuelle et gynécologique exhaustive devrait être obtenue et l’absence de tout dysfonctionnement

  7. [Structuralistic and meta-psychological approaches to ambivalence in schizophrenia].

    PubMed

    Sumida, Kyoko; Tsuda, Hitoshi

    2003-01-01

    The word "ambivalence" generally signifies a psychic state in which a subject holds a contradictory or conflicted attitude towards an object. The literal meaning of the word is that two valences occur simultaneously, and this connotes the epistemological and ethical problem of where and how the valences arise. The concept of ambivalence implies that the relationship between the subject and the world is ambivalent, that the subject has free will in the alternative evaluation, and that the meanings of the two valences derive from the meta-level outside the world. These reflections lead us to the supposition that ambivalence is closely associated with the function of language. The ambivalent attitude of the subject divides the significance of the object; the appearance of the given ambivalent meanings is the moment of the subject's choice. This phenomenon of division, choice, and given meanings is more than analogous to F. de Saussure's conception of language in terms of sign, différenciation, and l'arbitraire de langue. A view of ambivalence as a fundamental phenomenon concerning subject, world, and language affords insight specifically into ambivalence in schizophrenia. For people with schizophrenia, ambivalent conflict often takes the form of a dichotomy between "good and bad". The more severe the ambivalent symptom, the more similar it seems to a philosophical question about the nature of existence in the world. When schizophrenic people raise philosophical questions directly such as "Is my existence good or bad?" or "To be or not to be?", they seek approval for their existence, assaying to live with "good" intentions. Unfortunately they come to be blamed for harbouring "bad" intentions. When they have an interrogative attitude even to everyday matters, they cannot resolve such questions as "Is the red cup good or bad?", or "Is the green cup good or bad?", and hence "Which cup should I use?". If the projection of the self into the world is essentially the choice

  8. Relevé postnatal Rourke 2014

    PubMed Central

    Riverin, Bruno; Li, Patricia; Rourke, Leslie; Leduc, Denis; Rourke, James

    2015-01-01

    surveillance développementale globale pour reconnaître les enfants qui pourraient être à risque de retards de développement. La vérification de la mobilité de la langue et de la perméabilité de l’anus est incluse dans l’examen physique du premier bilan de santé du bébé. Le RPR présente aussi les mises à jour concernant le vaccin contre la rougeole, les oreillons et la rubéole, le vaccin atténué vivant contre la grippe et celui contre le virus du papillome humain. Conclusion Le RPR 2014 représente la mise à jour de l’outil d’application pratique des connaissances, fondé depuis longtemps sur des données probantes, accompagné de ses ressources connexes dans le web, à l’intention des professionnels de la santé et des parents pour les soins de santé préventifs durant la petite enfance. La Société canadienne de pédiatrie, le Collège des médecins de famille du Canada et Les diététistes du Canada ont donné leur aval au RPR 2014. Des versions nationales et adaptées à l’Ontario du RPR sont accessibles en français et en anglais.

  9. Investigation and management of non-immune fetal hydrops.

    PubMed

    Désilets, Valérie; Audibert, François

    2013-10-01

    Objectif : Décrire les moyens actuels de procéder à l’exploration et à la prise en charge de l’anasarque fœtoplacentaire non immune, en mettant l’accent sur les étiologies traitables ou récurrentes. Issues : Offrir de meilleurs services de counseling et de prise en charge en présence de cas d’anasarque non immune identifiés par diagnostic prénatal. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library en 2011 au moyen de mots clés (« non-immune hydrops fetalis », « fetal hydrops », « fetal therapy », « fetal metabolism »). Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs, aux études observationnelles et aux exposés de cas significatifs. D’autres publications ont été repérées à partir des bibliographies de ces articles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’en mai 2012. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Avantages, désavantages et coûts : La présente directive clinique sensibilise les lecteurs aux causes de l’anasarque fœtoplacentaire non immune, ainsi qu’au diagnostic prénatal et à la prise en charge de celle-ci. Elle offre également une approche standardisée envers l’anasarque fœtoplacentaire non immune, en mettant l’accent sur la recherche de troubles pouvant être pris en charge pendant la période pr

  10. Best practices to minimize risk of infection with intrauterine device insertion.

    PubMed

    Caddy, Sheila; Yudin, Mark H; Hakim, Julie; Money, Deborah M

    2014-03-01

    Contexte : Les dispositifs intra-utérins constituent un moyen de contraception à long terme extrêmement efficace qui compte l’avantage d’être réversible. Historiquement, l’utilisation de certains dispositifs intra-utérins a été associée à une hausse du risque de syndrome inflammatoire pelvien. Des données plus récentes laissent entendre que cette association ne s’applique pas aux nouveaux dispositifs; toutefois, certains facteurs de risque peuvent accroître la possibilité d’infection. Objectifs : Analyser le risque d’infection associé à l’insertion de dispositifs intra-utérins et recommander des stratégies visant la prévention de l’infection. Issues : Les issues prises en considération ont été le risque de syndrome inflammatoire pelvien, les effets du dépistage de la vaginose bactérienne et des infections transmissibles sexuellement (dont la chlamydiose et la gonorrhée), et le rôle de l’antibioprophylaxie. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées, le 21 juillet 2011, dans PubMed, Embase et The Cochrane Library au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. « intrauterine devices », « pelvic inflammatory disease ») et de mots clés (p. ex. « adnexitis », « endometritis », « IUD ») appropriés. Un filtre étiologique a été appliqué dans PubMed. Les recherches ont été limitées à la période débutant en l’an 2000. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de langue. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Valeurs : La qualité des résultats est évaluée au moyen des critères décrits dans le rapport du Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (Tableau). Recommandations 1. Toutes les femmes demandant l’insertion d’un dispositif intra

  11. EGS Richardson AGU Chapman NVAG3 Conference: Nonlinear Variability in Geophysics: scaling and multifractal processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.

    was followed by five days with 8 oral sessions and one poster session. Overall, there were 65 papers involving 74 authors. In general, the main topics covered are reflected in this special issue: geophysical turbulence, clouds and climate, hydrology and solid earth geophysics. In addition to AGU and EGS, the conference was supported by the International Science Foundation, the Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique, Meteo-France, the Department of Energy (US), the Commission of European Communities (DG XII), the Comite National Francais pour le Programme Hydrologique International, the Ministere de l'Enseignement Superieur et de la Recherche (France). We thank P. Hubert, Y. Kagan, Ph. Ladoy, A. Lazarev, S.S. Moiseev, R. Pierrehumbert, F. Schmitt and Y. Tessier, for help with the organization of the conference. However special thanks goes to A. Richter and the EGS office, B. Weaver and the AGU without whom this would have been impossible. We also thank the Institut d' Etudes Scientifiques de Cargese whose beautiful site was much appreciated, as well as the Bar des Amis whose ambiance stimulated so many discussions. 2. Tribute to L.F. Richardson With NVAG3, the European geophysical community paid tribute to Lewis Fry Richardson (1881-1953) on the 40th anniversary of his death. Richardson was one of the founding fathers of the idea of scaling and fractality, and his life reflects the European geophysical community and its history in many ways. Although many of Richardson's numerous, outstanding scientific contributions to geophysics have been recognized, perhaps his main contribution concerning the importance of scaling and cascades has still not received the attention it deserves. Richardson was the first not only to suggest numerical integration of the equations of motion of the atmosphere, but also to attempt to do so by hand, during the First World War. This work, as well as a presentation of a broad vision of future developments in the field, appeared in his

  12. Induction of labour.

    PubMed

    Leduc, Dean; Biringer, Anne; Lee, Lily; Dy, Jessica

    2013-09-01

    Objectif : Analyser la littérature la plus récente afin de formuler des recommandations factuelles à l’intention des fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux au sujet du déclenchement du travail. Options : Mise en œuvre d’un déclenchement du travail dans le cadre d’une grossesse. Issues : Chronologie et méthode appropriées pour ce qui est du déclenchement, mode d’accouchement approprié et issues maternelles et périnatales optimales. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library en 2010, au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. « labour », « induced », « labour induction », « cervical ripening ») et de mots clés (p. ex. « induce », « induction », « augmentation ») appropriés. Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs et aux études observationnelles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’à la fin de 2010. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Valeurs : La qualité des résultats est évaluée au moyen des critères décrits dans le rapport du Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (Tableau 1). Validation : Les données, les déclarations sommaires et les recommandations que contient la présente directive clinique ont été vérifiées en les comparant à celles de directives

  13. Cervical insufficiency and cervical cerclage.

    PubMed

    Brown, Richard; Gagnon, Robert; Delisle, Marie-France; Gagnon, Robert; Bujold, Emmanuel; Basso, Melanie; Bos, Hayley; Brown, Richard; Cooper, Stephanie; Crane, Joan; Davies, Gregory; Gouin, Katy; Menticoglou, Savas; Mundle, William; Pylypjuk, Christy; Roggensack, Anne; Sanderson, Frank; Senikas, Vyta

    2013-12-01

    Objectif : La présente directive clinique a pour but de fournir un cadre de référence que les cliniciens pourront utiliser pour identifier les femmes qui sont exposées aux plus grands risques de connaître une insuffisance cervicale, ainsi que pour déterminer les circonstances en présence desquelles la mise en place d’un cerclage pourrait s’avérer souhaitable. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed ou MEDLINE, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library en 2012 au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. « uterine cervical incompetence ») et de mots clés appropriés (p. ex. « cervical insufficiency », « cerclage », « Shirodkar », « cerclage », « MacDonald », « cerclage », « abdominal », « cervical length », « mid-trimester pregnancy loss »). Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs et aux études observationnelles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’en janvier 2011. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Valeurs : La qualité des résultats est évaluée au moyen des critères décrits dans le rapport du Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (Tableau). Recommandations 1. Les femmes qui sont enceintes ou qui planifient connaître une grossesse devraient faire l’objet d’une évaluation visant les facteurs de

  14. The prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease.

    PubMed

    Money, Deborah; Allen, Victoria M

    2013-10-01

    Objectif : Analyser les données issues de la littérature et formuler des recommandations sur la prise en charge des parturientes en vue de prévenir l’infection néonatale à streptocoques du groupe B d’apparition précoce. Parmi les révisions clés que renferme la présente directive clinique mise à jour, on trouve des modifications quant aux recommandations en ce qui concerne les schémas posologiques d’antibioprophylaxie, les épreuves de sensibilité et la prise en charge des femmes présentant une rupture prématurée des membranes. Issues : Parmi les issues maternelles évaluées, on trouvait l’exposition aux antibiotiques au cours de la grossesse et du travail, ainsi que les complications associées à l’administration d’antibiotiques. Les issues néonatales associées aux taux d’infection néonatale à streptocoques du groupe B d’apparition précoce ont été évaluées. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library entre janvier 1980 et juillet 2012, au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé et de mots clés appropriés (« Group B streptococcus », « antibiotic therapy », « infection », « prevention »). Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs et aux études observationnelles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’en mai 2013. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de sp

  15. Obstetrical Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS): Prevention, Recognition, and Repair.

    PubMed

    Harvey, Marie-Andrée; Pierce, Marianne; Alter, Jens-Erik W; Chou, Queena; Diamond, Phaedra; Epp, Annette; Geoffrion, Roxana; Harvey, Marie-Andrée; Larochelle, Annick; Maslow, Kenny; Neustaedter, Grace; Pascali, Dante; Pierce, Marianne; Schulz, Jane; Wilkie, David; Sultan, Abdul; Thakar, Ranee

    2015-12-01

    Objectif : Analyser les données probantes traitant des lésions obstétricales du sphincter anal (LOSA) en ce qui concerne leur diagnostic, les techniques visant leur réparation et les résultats de l’intervention. Formuler des recommandations permettant d’éclairer les conseils offerts aux patientes ayant connu des LOSA en ce qui a trait à la voie d’accouchement à privilégier dans le cadre des grossesses subséquentes. Options : Les fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux qui comptent des patientes ayant connu des LOSA disposent de l’option de réparer le sphincter anal en faisant appel à la méthode de suture « bout à bout » (end-to-end) ou à la méthode « en paletot » (overlapping). Ils pourraient également être appelés à conseiller des femmes ayant déjà connu des LOSA en ce qui a trait à la voie d’accouchement à privilégier pour les grossesses subséquentes. Issues : Le critère d’évaluation était la continence anale à la suite d’une réparation primaire de LOSA et à la suite d’un accouchement subséquent. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans Medline, EMBASE et The Cochrane Library en mai 2011 au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. anal canal, obstetrics, obstetric labour complication, pregnancy complication, treatment outcome, surgery, quality of life) et de mots clés (p. ex. obstetrical anal sphincter injur*, anus sphincter, anus injury, delivery, obstetrical care, surgery, suturing method, overlap, end-to-end, feces incontinence) appropriés. Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux études observationnelles et aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs. Aucune restriction n’a été imposée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’en septembre 2014. La littérature grise (non

  16. Health professionals working with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis consensus guideline.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Don; de la Ronde, Sandra; Brascoupé, Simon; Apale, Alisha Nicole; Barney, Lucy; Guthrie, Bing; Harrold, Elizabeth; Horn, Ojistoh; Johnson, Robin; Rattray, Darrien; Robinson, Nicole; Alainga-Kango, Natsiq; Becker, Gisela; Senikas, Vyta; Aningmiuq, Annie; Bailey, Geri; Birch, Darlene; Cook, Katsi; Danforth, Jessica; Daoust, Mary; Kitty, Darlene; Koebel, Jaime; Kornelsen, Judith; Tsatsa Kotwas, Ndakaitedzva; Lawrence, Audrey; Mudry, Amanda; Senikas, Vyta; Turner, Gail Theresa; Van Wagner, Vicki; Vides, Eduardo; Wasekeesikaw, Fjola Hart; Wolfe, Sara

    2013-06-01

    . Les professionnels de la santé devraient chercher à en savoir plus au sujet des pratiques de communication adaptées à la culture et devraient adapter leurs communications aux situations et aux antécédents particuliers que présentent leurs patientes. (III-A) 23. Les professionnels de la santé pourraient exprimer à leurs patientes qu’ils souhaitent établir avec elles une relation respectueuse marquée par l’écoute, la reconnaissance des différences et la sollicitation de leurs commentaires. (III-L) 24. Les Inuites, les Métisses et les femmes des Premières Nations devraient recevoir des soins prodigués dans leur propre langue, dans la mesure du possible. Les programmes et les établissements de santé offrant des services à un nombre important de patientes inuites, métisses et des Premières Nations devraient compter des interprètes et des défenseurs de la santé inuits, métis et des Premières Nations parmi leurs employés. (III-A).