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Sample records for army ammunitions plant

  1. Historic Properties Report: Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Newport Indiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HSAAP) in Kingsport , Tennessee , the only other RDX-manufactur. ng plant in the United States. Information on...January 1984 of all Anrm-owned properties located within the official boundaries of the Newport Army Ammunition Plant (Newport. AAP). The survey...described in the following section of this report. METHODOLOGY 1. Documentary Research The Nercort Army Ammunition Plant (Newport AAP) was constructed

  2. The Chemical Characterization of Pollutants in Waste Water from Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    Ammunition Plant Charlestown, IN 47111 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant Kingsport , TN 37660 Commander Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant ATTN... Army Ammunition Plant (VAAP) in Tennessee . The major effort in this study was concentrated on separation and identification of dissolved organic species...PERIOD COVERED The Chemical Characterization of Pollutants Final in Waste Water from Volunteer Army

  3. Solar energy applications at Army ammunition plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lowry, A. P.; Moy, S. M.

    1982-06-01

    The Army Ammunition Plants use significant quantities of fossil fuels. To reduce dependence on these scarce, costly, and non-renewable fuels, a study was conducted to investigate potential solar energy applications at the AAPs. Solar energy is a low-level energy source which is best applied to low temperature applications. It can be used at the AAPs to preheat boiler feedwater, provide hot air for dry-houses, provide domestic hot water and heat for administration buildings, and provide hot water for manufacturing processes such as metal cleaning, phosphating, and X-ray film processing. Use of the flat plate collectors, evacuated tube collectors, or solar ponds with the possible addition of a heat pump, offers reasonably economical means of applying solar technology to AAP needs.

  4. Design of Waste Heat Boiler for Scranton Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    and Identify by block number) The Army Ammunition Plant at Scranton, Pennsylvania, has rotary hearth furnaces to heat billets for the...is outlined here. The forge furnaces at SAAP are rotary hearth furnaces . Each furnace con- tains a total of 61 rows with each row three billets...deep, with a cycle time of one hour. Billets are simultaneously loaded and unloaded at a rate of three per minute and the furnace hearth is indexed

  5. Assessment of Accident at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-01

    6 iii Preface A fatal accident occurred at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant, Virgina, on about 28 March 1988. The fatality was a result of a flash...and subsequent lethal explosion of a double-base rocket propellant grain being machined to final dimensions. The incident oc- cur-ed at the Radford...develop a rational and highly likely scenario to explain the events leading up to a fatal detonation that proceeded from routine machining of a small

  6. Cost Reductions for Wastewater Treatment Utilizing Water Management at Holston Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT DARCOM INTERN TRAINING CENTER MAY 1976 .:15914414 Report DARCOM-ITC-02-;08-76-201 COST REDUCTIONS FOR WASTEWATER...TREATIMENT UTILIZING WATER MANAGEMENT AT HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Dennis J. Kravec Product/Production Graduate Engineering Program DARCOM Intern...number) This ?study examines the cost reductions obtained by using water management te6hniques at Holston Army Ammunition Plant . It compares the

  7. Investigation into the Use of Suppressive Shielding at Radford Army Ammunition Plant TNT Lines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-10-01

    SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LINES by Bruce W. Jezek Manufacturing Technology Directorate October 1975 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...Headquarters, Edgewood Arsenal Aberdeen Proving Ground , Maryland 21010 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited Disclaimer The...CATALOO NUMBER 4. TITLE fand Subtltta) INVESTIGATION INTO THE USE OF SUPPRESSIVE SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LTNE5 S. TYPE OF

  8. Joliet army ammunition plant, energy engineering analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1985-12-31

    This analysis is undertaken to assist the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP) in meeting the goals established in the Army Facilities Energy Plan to reduce energy consumption by 20 percent by FY 85. Projects selected for implementation as a result of this analysis enable JAAP to achieve the FY 85 goal. These projects have been divided into standby status and mobilization status. Total annual energy savings for standby status from project implementation is expected to be approximately 296,000 MBTU`s. The total cost of project implementation is estimated at $2.8 million. The cost of implementing mobilization status projects (including Increment F projects), is estimated at $4.6 million.

  9. Remedial action suitability for the Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant site

    SciTech Connect

    Nonavinakere, S.; Rappa, P. III

    1995-12-31

    Numerous Department of Defense (DOD) sites across the nation are contaminated with explosive wastes due to munitions production during World War II, Korean Conflict and Vietnam Conflict. Production activities included explosives manufacturing, loading, packing, assembling, machining, casting and curing. Contaminants often present at these sites include TNT, RDX, HMX, Tetryl 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, 1,3-DNB, 1,3,5-TNB and nitrobenzene. The Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant (CAAP) is one such DOD site that has been determined to be contaminated with explosives. The CAAP is located approximately 2 miles west of the City of Grand Island in Hall County, Nebraska. The plant produced artillery, bombs, boosters, supplementary charges and various other experimental explosives. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the site background, review of the remedial alternatives evaluation process and rationale behind the selection of present remedial action.

  10. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-07-01

    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on 40- by 48-inch pallets produced by McAlester Army Ammunition Plant...MCAAP). This report contains test results with the pallets provided failing to meet MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements due to nail failure.

  11. Evaluation of soil toxicity at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Simini, M.; Amos, J.C.; Wentsel, R.S.; Checkai, R.T.; Phillips, C.T.; Chester, N.A.; Major, M.A.

    1995-04-01

    Environmental toxicity testing and chemical analyses of soil were performed as part of an ecological risk assessment at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP), Joliet, Illinois. Soils were collected from an area where munitions were loaded, assembled, and packed (area L7, group 1), and from an area where waste explosives were burned on unprotected soil (area L2). Control samples were collected from an adjacent field. Soil toxicity was determined using early seedling growth and vigor tests, earthworm survival and growth tests, and Microtox{reg_sign} assays. Relative toxicity of soils was determined within each area based on statistical significant (p = 0.05) of plant and earthworm growth and survival, and the effective concentration at which luminescence of the bacterium Photobacterium phosphoreum was reduced by 50% (EC50) in the Microtox assay. Samples were designated as having high, moderate, or no significant toxicity. Soil that had significant toxicity according to at least one test, and representative samples showing no toxicity, were analyzed for munitions via HPLC. Chemical residues found in soils were 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT); 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB); 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT); 2,6-dinitrotoluene; 2-amino-4,6-DNT; 4-amino-2,6-DNT; 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX); and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX). All soils with no significant toxicity were void of these chemicals. However, some soils void of munitions still showed toxicity that may have been caused by elevated levels of heavy metals. Linear regressions of toxicity test results vs. chemical concentrations showed that TNT and TNB accounted for most off the soil toxicity. Lowest-observable-effect concentrations (LOEC) of TNT were determined from these data. This study presents a simple, relatively inexpensive methodology for assessing toxicity of soils containing TNT, RDX, and other contaminants related to munitions production.

  12. Limited energy studies, Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Kingport, Tennessee. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1992-08-01

    This study was conducted and this report prepared under Contract No. DACA 01-91-D-0032, Delivery Orders 2 and 3, issued by the U.S. Army Engineer District, Mobile on 9 September 1991. The purpose of this study was to determine the economic feasibility of the following specific energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) associated with the central heating plants at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP).

  13. Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds from Training Range and Army Ammunition Plant Soils

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    sonic bath. The sonic bath extraction procedure was chosen in the 1980s in a study where four extraction methods or devices ( Soxhlet , sonic bath...ER D C/ CR R EL T R -0 6 -6 Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds from Training Range and Army Ammunition Plant Soils Platform...b or at or y Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ERDC/CRREL TR-06-6 March 2006 Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds

  14. Demolition Range Noise Abatement Technique Demonstration and Evaluation for the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    CALDERONE,JAMES J.; GARBIN,H. DOUGLAS

    2001-08-01

    Public concern regarding the effects of noise generated by the detonation of excess and obsolete explosive munitions at U.S. Army demolition ranges is a continuing issue for the Army's demilitarization and disposal groups. Recent concerns of citizens living near the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) in Oklahoma have lead the U.S. Army Defense Ammunition Center (DAC) to conduct a demonstration and evaluation of noise abatement techniques that could be applied to the MCAAP demolition range. With the support of the DAC, MCAAP, and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), three types of noise abatement techniques were applied: aqueous foams, overburden (using combinations of sand beds and dirt coverings), and rubber or steel blast mats. Eight test configurations were studied and twenty-four experiments were conducted on the MCAAP demolition range in July of 2000. Instrumentation and data acquisition systems were fielded for the collection of near-field blast pressures, far-field acoustic pressures, plant boundary seismic signals, and demolition range meteorological conditions. The resulting data has been analyzed and reported, and a ranking of each technique's effects has been provided to the DAC.

  15. Biomass Feasibility Study for Milan, Indiana and Kansas Army Ammunition Plants,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-04-01

    British Thermal Unit O&Z Day and Zimmerman Ft Feet Ft3 Cubic feet G/C Gilbert/Commonwealth ha Hec tare hr Hour * .IAAP Indiana Army Ammunition Plant KAAP...Plant MBTU Millions of British Thermal - Units N/A Not applicable mbf Thousands of board feet mmbf Millions of baord feet , MSR Minimum Sustaining Rate...sold to Westvaco, Celotex and Inland Container. Assuming a mill site * price of $6.50/ton and an average travel distance of 35 miles to Milan and $0.08

  16. Plant uptake of explosives from contaminated soil at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Banwart, W.L.; Chen, D.

    1995-04-01

    Explosives and their degradation products may enter the animal and human food chains through plants grown on soils contaminated with explosives. Soil and plant samples were collected from the Group 61 area at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant and analyzed to determine the extent to which 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its degradation products are taken up by existing vegetation and crops growing on contaminated soils. Neither TNT nor its degradation products was detected in any of the aboveground plant organs of existing vegetation. Oat (Avena sativa L.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) were planted on TNT-contaminated soils amended with three levels of chopped grass hay. Extractable TNT concentrations in hay-amended soils were monitored for almost 1 year. Crop establishment and growth improved with increased levels of hay amendment, but TNT uptake was not affected or detected in any aboveground crop organs. Evidence was found to indicate that soil manipulation and hay addition may reduce extractable TNT concentration in soils, but the wide variations in TNT concentrations in these soils prevented development of conclusive evidence regarding reduction of extractable TNT concentrations. Results from this study suggest that vegetation grown on TNT-contaminated soils is not a major health concern because TNT and its degradation products were not detected in aboveground plant organs. However, low concentrations of TNT, 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, and 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene were detected in or on some existing vegetation and crop roots. 21 refs., 10 figs., 26 tabs.

  17. Assessment of Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARS) for Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Alabama

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    dinitrophenol - 0.61 ppm, • nitrobenzene - 0.073 ppm, • phenol - 1.4 ppm, and • cyanides - 2.7 ppm. 2.3.4 On-Site Incineration/Groundwater Treatment ...2.3.2 Off-site alternatives 18 2.3.3 On-site landfill/groundwater treatment alternative ... 35 2.3.4 On-site incineration/groundwater treatment ...Action-specific potential ARARs for Alabama Army Ammunition Plant. Alternative 2: On-site landfill/groundwater treatment 36 Table 6. Action

  18. Forest Tree Growth as a Bioindicator of Pollution Abatement Systems at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-14

    U-0Al C 0LIGNAPLTCGICIS P TT IY BLCSUG-EC FS1/ FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYS--ETC(I 𔃾- oa2 JAN 62 J M SKELLY. L W...947! FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYSTEMS AT THE RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Accession For FINAL REPORT Dr. John M...test potential bioindicator systems. x The study objectives of this research were: i’l) To determine if the pollution levels alone were responsible

  19. Historic Properties Report: Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant, Riverbank, California.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    in 1944 and remained idle until the Korean War . At that time, all of the original aluminum production equipment was replaced, and the plant converted...17 Korean War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Vietnan War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o...3). Although all major World- War -II-era production buildings remain, the plant’s original aluminum production machinery has been replaced. PRE

  20. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D.; Banwart, W.L.; Houser, W.P.

    1994-06-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by vegetation growing on soils contaminated by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). Plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled and analyzed to determine TNT uptake under natural field conditions. Standard USATHAMA methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. No- explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, results indicate that TNT, 2-aminodinitrotoluene (2-ADNT), and/or 4-ADNT were present in some root samples. The presence of 2-ADNT and 4-ADNT increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  1. Historic Properties Report: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    scrapbook , Thiokol Corporation files, LHAAP. 20. "Universal," Marshall News Messenger, October 29, 1952. 21. "DACOM Installation and Activity Brochure," p...Park Service, 1983. "Production Plant for Thiokol Near." Marshall News Messenger. Undated newspaper clipping in scrapbook , Thiokol Corporation files...clipping in scrapbook . Thiokol Corporation files, LHAAP. The article probably dates from 1951. Voight, William, Jr. "The Ordnance Organization in World

  2. Results of the Radiological Survey of the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Middletown, Iowa

    SciTech Connect

    Murray, M.E.

    2001-07-17

    At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted an indoor radiological survey of property at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAAP), Middletown, Iowa in June 2000. The purpose of the survey was to determine if radioactive residuals resulting from previous Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) activities were present inside selected Line 1 buildings at the IAAAP and conduct sampling in those areas of previous AEC operations that utilized radioactive components at some point during the manufacturing process, in order to evaluate any possible immediate health hazards and to collect sufficient information to determine the next type of survey. The AEC occupied portions of IAAAP from 1947 to 1975 to assemble nuclear weapons. The surveyed areas were identified through interviews with current and former IAAAP employees who had worked at the plant during AEC's tenure, and from AEC records.

  3. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D.; Banwart, W.L. |

    1994-01-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in TNT-contaminated soils on Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). The soils in this group were contaminated more than 40 years ago. In this study, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled from 15 locations and analyzed to determine TNT uptake by plants under natural field conditions. Plant materials were separated by species if more than one species was present at a sampling location. Standard methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. No. explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, the results indicate that TNT, 2-amino DNT, and/or 4-amino DNT were found in some root samples of false boneset (Kuhnia eupatorioides), teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris), and bromegrass (Bromus inermis). It is possible that slight soil contamination remained on the roots, especially in the case of the very fine roots for species like bromegrass, where washing was difficult. The presence of 2-amino DNT and 4-amino DNT, which could be plant metabolites of TNT, increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  4. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Zellmer, S.D.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Rastorier, J.R.; Chen, D.; Banwart, W.L.

    1995-02-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in soils contaminated with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 1,3,5-trinitro-3,5-triazine (RDX) in three areas at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAP). To determine explosives uptake under natural environmental conditions, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled at different locations in each area, and plant materials were separated by species. Standard methods were used to determine the concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. The compound TNT was not detected in the aboveground portion of plants, and vegetation growing on TNT-contaminated soils is not considered a health hazard. However, soil and plant roots may contain TNT degradation products that may be toxic; hence, their consumption is not advised. The compound RDX was found in the tops and roots of plants growing on RDX-contaminated soils at all surveyed sites. Although RDX is not a listed carcinogen, several of its potentially present degradation products are carcinogens. Therefore, the consumption of any plant tissues growing on RDX-contaminated sites should be considered a potential health hazard.

  5. Elements of a CERCLA action at a former Army ammunition plant

    SciTech Connect

    Tucker, D.F.; Marotz, G.A.; Frazier, G.F.

    1999-07-01

    The Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant covers 44 km{sup 2} and is located near several large population centers. Leased sites within the plant are now being used for various activities including recreation and manufacturing. Plans are in place for conversion of an additional 3,000 ha to a commercial amusement park. Some 400 structures from the plant remain and most must be removed if further ventures are to take place. Many of the buildings are structurally unsound or contain potentially hazardous materials, such as explosive residues, lead sheathing or asbestos shingles, that were stored or used in the construction of the structures. State and federal agencies agreed that the buildings should be destroyed, but the method to do so was unclear. Analysis on building by building basis revealed that in many cases explosive residue made it unsafe to remove the buildings by any other method rather than combustion. Completion of a comprehensive destruction plan that included ground-level monitoring of combustion plumes, and burn scheduling under tightly prescribed micro and mesoscale meteorological conditions was approved by the EPA as a non-time critical removal action under CERCLA in 1996; the US Army was designated as the lead agency. Personnel at the University of Kansas assisted in developing the destruction plan and helped conduct two test burns using the comprehensive plan protocols. Results of one test burn scenario on June 26, 1997, intended as a test of probable dispersion safety margin and covered extensively by print and television media, the EPA and State agencies, are described in this paper. The selected building was smaller than typical of the buildings on the plant site. The events leading to a burn decision on the test day are used to illustrate the decision-making process.

  6. Demonstration of the Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for Pinkwater Treatment at McAlester Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    column with an overall height of 22 ft (6.7 m) and a bed of GAC occupying approximately 11 ft (3.4 m) when expanded. Water was recirculated through the...Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ER D C /C ER L TR -0 5- 8 Demonstration of the Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for...Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for Pinkwater Treatment at McAlester Army Ammunition Plant Stephen W. Maloney and Robert L. Heine Construction

  7. Supplementary documentation for an environmental impact statement regarding the Pantex Plant: hydrologic study for the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, N.M.

    1982-12-01

    This report documents work performed in support of preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) regarding the Department of Energy's Pantex Plant near Amarillo, Texas. A study of flooding was made for the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant near Burlington, Iowa, one of the alternative sites. A partial series-flood frequency analysis of the Skunk River, which flows along the plant's southern boundary, was examined as well as the effects of rise in river level of the Skunk River on the plant and its operations. A flood frequency analysis on Long Lake, a manmade reservoir within the plant grounds, was made. Maximum spillway capacity was computed and compared to the magnitude of floods of particular recurrence intervals.

  8. Preliminary assessment of perchlorate in ecological receptors at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP), Karnack, Texas.

    PubMed

    Smith, P N; Theodorakis, C W; Anderson, T A; Kendall, R J

    2001-10-01

    There have been increasing human health and ecological concerns about ionic perchlorate (ClO4-) since it was detected in drinking water sources in 1997. Perchlorate is known to affect thyroid function, causing subsequent hormone disruption and potential perturbations of metabolic activities. According to current estimates, perchlorate is found in the surface of groundwater of 14 states, including Texas. Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, located in east central Texas, was a facility historically associated with perchlorate-containing propellants and rocket motors. Subsequently, perchlorate contamination in ground and surface waters at the facility has been reported. Soil, sediment, water, vegetation, and animal tissue samples were collected from several locations within the plant for a preliminary site assessment of perchlorate contamination. Perchlorate concentrations ranged from 555-5,557,000 ppb in vegetation, 811-2038 ppb in aquatic insects, below detection limits (ND) to 207 ppb in fish, ND-580 ppb in frogs, and ND-2328 ppb in mammals. Consistent with our hypothesis, aquatic organisms inhabiting perchlorate-contaminated surface water bodies contained detectable concentrations of perchlorate. Additionally, terrestrial organisms were exposed through pathways not necessarily related to contaminated surface waters. Therefore, these data demonstrate that aquatic and terrestrial species are exposed to perchlorate in the environment. To our knowledge, this represents the first incidence of perchlorate exposure among wild animals reported in the scientific literature.

  9. Environmental geophysics and sequential air photo study at Sunfish Lake Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Padar, C.A.; McGinnis, L.D.; Thompson, M.D.; Anderson, A.W.

    1996-11-01

    Geophysical and air photo studies at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant (TCAAP), Minnesota, were conducted to establish a chronology of dumping and waste disposal. This study was undertaken to aid in the assessment of the amount of remediation needed to reclaim a wetland area. An integrated analysis of electromagnetic, magnetic and ground-penetrating RADAR (GPR) measurements over a 25-acre site, provided the information necessary to define waste disposal events. These events are observed on a sequence of aerial photos taken between 1940 and 1993. The former southwestern embayment of the lake, filled in during the original construction of the base, has been clearly defined. Two burn cages and their surrounding debris have been delineated. The areal extent of another waste site has been defined along the northern shoreline. Depth estimates determined from EM-61 analysis, and depths to original lake bottom, derived from GPR, have yielded volumetric estimates of the amount of material that would need removal if excavation is required. Magnetic and electromagnetic data have pinpointed the locations of mounds, observed from historical air photos. Except for these areas along the Northwestern shore, there is no evidence of waste disposal along the shoreline or within the present-day lake margins. The ability to date the anomalous regions is significant, in that different production demands upon TCAAP, during the time periods of WWII, The Korean War, and The Vietnam Conflict, have resulted in different types of waste. The ability to categorize areas with distinct time periods of operation and waste disposal can greatly aid the environmental cleanup effort with regard to the type of contaminants that might be expected at these poorly documented disposal sites.

  10. Aquatic macroinvertebrates collected at Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Portage and Trumbull Counties, Ohio, 1998

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tertuliani, John S.

    1999-01-01

    The results of a survey of macroinvertebrate communities in the Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, were used as an indicator of disturbance in streams flowing through or near the training areas at the Plant. The data were interpreted using the Invertebrate Community Index (ICI), a multiple-metric index developed by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and based on the structural and functional characteristics of the macroinvertebrate community. Quantitative samples of the macroinvertebrate were collected for ICI determination from three streams South Fork Eagle Creek, Sand Creek, and Hinkley Creek flowing through the study area. These samples were collected using Hester-Dendy type artificial substrate samplers, which were placed in the streams during a 6-week sampling period, June 2 through July 15, 1998. A qualitative- dipnet sample from the natural substrates also was collected at each station on July 15, 1998, the last day of the sampling period. The macroinvertebrate communities at all three stations met the criterion designated for warmwater habitat aquatic life use, and communities at two of the three stations exceeded the criterion. The ICI scores were 42 at South Fork Eagle Creek, 50 at Sand Creek, and 48 at Hinkley Creek. The density of macroinvertebrates at South Fork Eagle Creek was 1,245 per square foot and represented 38 distinct taxa. The density at Sand Creek was 246 per square foot and represented 29 distinct taxa. The density at Hinkley Creek was 864 per square foot and represented 36 distinct taxa. Qualitative samples were also collected at 21 other sites using a D-framed dipnet. The qualitative sites encompassed three main environments: stream, pond, and swamp-wetland. All available habitat types in each environment were sampled until no new taxa were evident during coarse examination. The highest number of taxa were collected from the streams. The total number of taxa collected in streams ranged from 25 to 76; the mean was 60 and median 64. The

  11. FY95 limited energy study. Area B nitric acid production facilities, Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Kingsport, Tennessee. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-02

    In June 1995, Affiliated Engineers SE, Inc. (AESE) was retained by the Mobile District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to perform a Limited Energy Study for Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Kingsport, Tennessee. The field survey of existing conditions was completed in July 1995. The results of this field survey were subsequently tabulated and used to generate single line process flow diagrams on Autocad. A subsequent one day field survey was conducted in August 1995. This report summarizes the results obtained from field investigation and the analysis of various alternative Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECO`s). ECO`s were analyzed for suitability for the Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) using the government`s software package called Life Cycle Cost in Design (LCCID).

  12. Combustion of anthracite-bituminous coal blends in a spreader stoker boiler at Holston Army Ammunition Plant. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, J.A.; Davidson, J.E.; Hartsock, D.K.

    1988-11-01

    A test program was conducted at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant near Kingsport, TN to evaluate the combustion of an anthracite-bituminous coal blend in a spreader stoker boiler designed for bituminous coal only. The test program was structured to evaluate different percentages of anthracite and bituminous in the blend at different operating loads on the boiler. Blends of 15, 22, 30, and 42% anthracite were combusted at loads of 62.5, 50, and 37.5% of the maximum continuous rating (MCR) boiler capacity. Stack testing and ash sampling were performed to monitor combustion performance, in addition to visually inspecting the ash bed. The testing disclosed no technical reasons why anthracite-bituminous blending could not be performed on a long-term basis to meet targeted Army anthracite consumption tonnages.

  13. Health assessment for Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Grand Island, Nebraska, Region 7. CERCLIS No. NE2213820234. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-31

    The Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant is listed on the National Priorities List. The government-owned plant is located 2 miles west of Grand Island, Nebraska, and occupies 18.7 square miles. During World War II and the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts, the plant was operated by contractors for the production of conventional munitions. The primary contaminants that have been identified are cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its impurities/degradation products: 2,4-dinitrotoluene (24DNT), 2,6-dinitrotoluene (26DNT), and 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (135TNB). The site is considered to be of potential health concern because of the risk to human health caused by possible exposure to hazardous substances via contact with on-site contaminated soils and the use of contaminated ground water for the irrigation of consumable crops and livestock watering.

  14. SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS FOR THE PILOT IN-SITU CHROMIUM REDUCTION TEST AT RIVERBANK ARMY AMMUNITIONS PLANT

    SciTech Connect

    Ridley, M

    2007-04-25

    A treatability study was conducted at Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant's (RBAAP) Site 17, to evaluate the effectiveness of a permeable reactive barrier (PRB) for the treatment of hexavalent chromium (Cr{sup 6+}). The chromium contamination at Site 17 is hydrologically isolated and unsuitable for standard extraction and treatment (pump and treat). The majority of the chromium contamination at Site 17 is trapped within the fine grain sediments of a clay/slit zone (45 to 63). The PRB was established above and adjacent to the contaminated zone at Site 17 to reduce the hexavalent chromium as it leaches out of the contaminated clay/silt zone separating the A zone from the A zone. Site 17 and the monitoring network are described in the In-Situ Chromium Reduction Treatability Study Work Plan (CH2MHILL, January 2004). The PRB was created by reducing naturally occurring Fe{sup 3+} to Fe{sup 2+} with the injection of a buffered sodium dithionite solution into subsurface chromium source area. The Cr{sup 6+} leaching out of the contaminated clay/silt zone and migrating through the PRB is reduced by Fe{sup 2+} to Cr{sup 3+} and immobilized (Amonette, et al., 1994). The sodium dithionite will also reduce accessible Cr{sup 6+}, however the long-term reductant is the Fe{sup 2+}. Bench scale tests (Appendix A) were conducted to assess the quantity and availability of the naturally occurring iron at Site 17, the ability of the sodium dithionite to reduce the hexavalent chromium and Fe within the sediments, and the by-products produced during the treatment. Appendix A, provides a detailed description of the laboratory treatability tests, and provides background information on the technologies considered as possible treatment options for Site 17. Following the sodium dithionite treatment, groundwater/treatment solution was extracted to remove treatment by-products (sulfate, manganese, and iron). The following sections briefly discuss the current treatment status, future recommendations

  15. Potential Application of BIOMASS Technology at National Space Technology Laboratories and Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    author(s) and should not be construed as an official Depart- ment of the Army position, policy or decision, unless so designated by other doumentation...34 associated with the operation of an energy wood plant; and the economics of an energy wood plant. If an energy wood system were designed to replace the...trees, mill residue and harvesting residue. Three energy wood plants were designed in order to establish a basis for estimating the cost of producing

  16. Installation Restoration Program. Environmental Technology Development Task Order - 8. Field Demonstration - Composting of Explosives - Contaminated Sediments at the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant (LAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-30

    acids were added, a 10 mg/L initial TNT concentration was reduced to 0.1 mg/L in 5 days. Naumora et al. (1979) isolated a Pseudomonas denitrificans...removed from Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) Area B wastes in pilot-plant studies using an activated sludge reactor dominated by Pseudomonas and... Alcaligens species (Green, 1972). Stillwell (1977) presented data indicating that RDX and fIl JX could be biologically removed from pilot-plant units

  17. Screening submersed plant species for phytoremediation of explosives-contaminated groundwater from the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Best, E.P.; Sprecher, S.L.; Fredrickson, H.L.; Zappi, M.E.; Larson, S.L.

    1997-11-01

    As an alternative to other groundwater extraction and surface treatment techniques, phytoremediation systems are currently being evaluated by civilian and military administrators for their ability to enhance removal of potentially toxic or mutagenic munitions materiel such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and their degradation products. To guide selection of aquatic plants for use in demonstration phytoremediation lagoons at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP), Milan, TN, this study evaluated the relative ability of ten species to decrease levels of TNT and RDX explosives and related nitrobodies in contaminated MAAP groundwater.

  18. Environmental Studies on Open Burn/Open Detonation Disposal Sites. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    hydraulic conductivity and bulk density. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 51:1393-1394. (21) Amy, C.J. and E.J. Pell. 1986. Ethylene production by potato, radish ...of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils From Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) PRINCIPAL... SOILS FROM OPEN BURNING/OPEN DETONATION OPERATIONS: MILAN ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (MAAP) Ronald T. Checkal RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE Michael A

  19. Installation Restoration Program Environmental Technology Development. Task Order 3. Use of Activated Carbon for Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Ground Water at the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-08-01

    PROGRAM ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Task Order - 3 Use of Activated Carbon for Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater at the...CARBON FOR TREATMENT OF EXPLOSIVES-CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER AT THE BADGER ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (BAAP) Final Report Distribution Unlimited August 1989... Treatment of Explosj~ves Contaminated Groundwater. 121 PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Walter J. Wuicik: William L. Lowe; Peter 3. Marks- 13.. TYPE OF REPORT 113b

  20. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 6): Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, IHAAP 12 and 16 Landfills, Karnack, TX, September 27, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected Early Interim Remedial Action for the LHAAP 12 and 16 landfills, Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP), Karnack, Texas. The Record of Decision for the sites addresses an Early Interim Remedial Action. The selected remedy consists of a multilayer landfill cap section which includes the following components: Foundation soil layer, Sodium Bentonite Geocomposite Liner, Geosynthetic Membrane Liner, Final soil cover, and Perimeter berms and drainage swales.

  1. Feasibility of using building deconstruction at Wisconsin’s Badger Army Ammunition Plant : salvaging lumber for reuse in low-income home construction

    Treesearch

    Robert H. Falk

    2005-01-01

    The buildings at the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP) were built in the early years of World War II wholly or partially from wood. The standing timber in these and other military structures is some of the last remaining of our Nation’s once vast old-growth forests. A collaborative effort of government, university, military, and community groups was organized to...

  2. Identification of potential wetlands in training areas on Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Ohio, and guidelines for their management

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schalk, C.W.; Tertuliani, J.S.; Darner, R.A.

    1999-01-01

    Potential wetlands in training areas on Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Ohio, were mapped by use of geographic information system (GIS) data layers and field inspection. The GIS data layers were compiled from existing sources and interpretation of aerial photography. Data layers used in the GIS analysis were wetland-plant communities, hydric soils, National Wetlands Inventory designated areas, and wet areas based on photogrammetry. According to review of these data layers, potential wetlands constitute almost one-third of the land in the training areas. A composite map of these four data layers was compiled for use during inspection of the training areas. Field inspection focused on the presence of hydrophytic vegetation and macroscopic evidences of wetland hydrology. Results of the field inspection were in general agreement with those predicted by the GIS analysis, except that some wet areas were more extensive than predicted because of high amounts of precipitation during critical periods of 1995 and 1996. Guidelines for managing wetlands in the training areas are presented.

  3. Evaluation of state-of-the-art high speed deluge systems presently in service at various US Army ammunition plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goedeke, A. D.; Fadorsen, G. A.

    1993-09-01

    A brief study was made of ultra high speed deluge systems used in Army ammunition plants for fire protection against pyrotechnic and propellant material-type fires/explosions. The evaluation included both fire detectors and fire suppressant devices and technologies. It was found that the technologies being utilized today have not been optimized for the specific fire application. In general, it was found that there is a lack of information on the properties of the fire events themselves that detectors are supposedly designed to respond to. No data exists on spectral irradiances in the IR or UV spectral bands where the current detectors operate. A need exists to determine the sources that may be responsible for detector false alarms. Tests should be conducted on the performance of current systems and on other detection and suppression techniques, notably, machine vision fire detection. It is recommended that field testing of old and new hardware systems be conducted; modifications be made to optimize currently installed systems; a new system capability be developed which better meets the overall threat, performance, and reliability requirements; and a thorough purchase description/performance specification be developed.

  4. Evaluation of bioremediation methods for the treatment of soil contaminated with explosives in Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Minden, Louisiana.

    PubMed

    Clark, Brandon; Boopathy, Raj

    2007-05-17

    Two bioremediation methods, namely, soil slurry reactor and land farming technique were evaluated for the treatment of soil contaminated with explosives in Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Minden, Louisiana. The soil had a high concentration of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) of 10,000 mg/kg of soil and medium level contamination of RDX 1900 mg/kg and HMX 900 mg/kg of soil. The results indicated that soil slurry reactor under co-metabolic condition with molasses as co-substrate removed TNT more efficiently than land farming method. TNT removal efficiency was 99% in soil slurry reactor compared to 82% in land farming after 182 days. HMX and RDX were also removed from the soil in both methods, but the removal efficiency was low. The radiolabeled study showed that soil microbes mineralize TNT. The mass-balance of TNT indicated 23.5% of TNT was mineralized to CO(2), 22.6% was converted to biomass, and 52.3% was converted to various TNT intermediates in the soil slurry reactor. Both methods maintained high bacterial population fairly well. The results of this bench-scale study are promising with regard to transferring the technology to full-scale application at this site.

  5. Environmental geophysics and sequential aerial photo study at Sunfish and Marsden Lakes, Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Padar, C.A.; McGinnis, L.D.; Thompson, M.D.; Anderson, A.W.; Benson, M.A.; Stevanov, J.E.; Daudt, C.R.; Miller, S.F.; Knight, D.E. |

    1995-08-01

    Geophysical studies at Site H of Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant have delineated specific areas of dumping and waste disposal. Anomalous areas noted in the geophysical data sets have been correlated with features visible in a chronological sequence of aerial photos. The photos aid in dating the anthropogenic changes and in interpreting the geophysical anomalies observed at Site H and across Sunfish Lake. Specifically, two burn cages and what has been interpreted as their surrounding debris have been delineated. The areal extent of another waste site has been defined in the southwest corner of Area H-1. Depth estimates to the top of the Area H-1 anomalies show that the anomalies lie below lake level, indicative of dumping directly into Sunfish Lake. Except for these areas along the northwestern shore, there is no evidence of waste disposal along the shoreline or within the present-day lake margins. Magnetic, electromagnetic, and ground-penetrating-radar data have pinpointed the locations of mounds, observable in aerial photos, around the first burn cage. The second burn cage and its surrounding area have also been clearly defined from aerial photos, with support from further geophysical data. Additional analysis of the data has yielded volumetric estimates of the amount of material that would need removal in the event of excavation of the anomalous areas. Magnetic and electromagnetic profiles were also run across Marsden Lake. On the basis of these data, it has been concluded that no large-scale dumping has occurred in or around Marsden Lake.

  6. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Will County, Illinois.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-04

    8217 *-*, .* ~ w *~.** CC II. 40 0 IL *11 5 0323D-4 and chemical materials; loading, assembly, and packing of ammunition items when the facility is in...rather consisted of scattered black oak, white oak, and hickory. Its composition resembled that of dry forests established on sandy soils throughout the...bur oak, walnut, sugar maple, basswood, hackberry, ash, and elm and with an undergrowth of hazelnut , plum, and vines (U. S. Government Land Surveys

  7. Decontamination/Cleanup Operations for the Leaseback Area of Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Alabama. Environmental Assessment.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    UNIT NUMBERS US Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010 11. CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME AND ADDRESS 12. REPORT DATE US...different fhu Controlling Office) IS. SECURITY CLASS. (of this report) Unclassi fied IS&. DECL ASSI FlCATI ON DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE 16. DISTRIBUTION... controlled length. These were transported by means of solvent recovery cars to the Solvent Re- covery Buildings. (2) In the Solvent Recovery

  8. Geophysical Investigation at Hazardous Waste Management Site 16 Radford Army Ammunition Plant Radford, Virginia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    mission of the contractor operated RAAP is to manufacture a variety of propellants and explosives as directed by the US Army. As a result of these...and valleys. The Valley and Ridge province is comprised of complexly folded and thrust faulted sedimentary rocks ranging in age from Cambrian through...refraction method, energy is imparted into the ground usually by means of explosives or by striking a metal plate on the ground with a sledgehammer to

  9. Results of a greenhouse study investigating the phytoextraction of lead from contaminated soils obtained from the Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant, Desoto, Kansas

    SciTech Connect

    Bader, D.F.; Behel, A.D.; Almond, R.A.; Kelly, D.A.; Pier, P.A.

    1998-08-01

    This report describes the results of greenhouse studies conducted to determine if phytoextraction methods could be enhanced by increasing ionic lead`s solubility in water. Soil acidifiers and chelating agents were used to increase lead`s solubility in water. The study was conducted using lead contaminated soil from the Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant near Desoto, Kansas. These soils were shipped to the Tennessee Valley Authority`s Environmental Research Facility in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, where the study was conducted. The report concludes that phytoextraction methods may be enhanced by these techniques and that the risk of leaching lead out of the soil`s root zone is minimal.

  10. Remedial Investigation Report for Lake City Army Ammunition Plant. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    barium carbonate dust by experimental animals has been associated with reduced sperm count, increased fetal mortality, atresia of the ovarian follicles...been associated with adverse health effects. Such effects observed in experimental animals following subchronic or chronic oral exposure to various...areas at LCAAP support a variety of plant and animal species. Because of this diversity, it is not feasible to assess impacts to every species

  11. Historic Properties Report. Radford Army Ammunition Plant (Including the New River Unit), Radford, Virginia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    inflanmmable, but after being nitrated, this hazard increases many times. The nitrating process is therefore housed in fireproof masonry and steel...operations involved in the bag-loading plants are the cutting and sewing of cloth bags of various sizes and the loading of these bags with specific amounts...of smokeless powder for propellant charges or black powder for igniter charges. In the bag-making department the cloth is spread and cut into specified

  12. Toxicity Testing of Soil Samples from Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-01

    chemicals . 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES Microtox Phytotoxicity Earthworm survival 79 Munitions Seedling growth Environmental toxicity 16. PRICE...use in assessing the hazards of chemicals to the ecosystem is important. The Microtox Assay (MTX Assay) has been for assessing toxicity of...may contain a phytotoxic chemical [e.g., cyclotrimethylene- trinitramine (RDX)] that affects plants but not earthworms or Microtox bacteria. Sample A5

  13. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant, Hancock County, Mississippi

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-18

    late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Pecan , shagbark hickory, and walnut would have provided the prima sources of nuts since they do not...table often has the . effect of preserving perishable organic items, from nut hulls and basket- ry to dugout canoes, and permits a far more complete...the much greater abun- dance of nuts . Swamp and coastal plant and animal species would have been far lses locally important due to lack of habitat

  14. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): Milan Army Ammunition Plant, operable units 3 and 4, Milan, TN, October 2, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the soil within the northern industrial area of Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. The goal of the cleanup activities at the northern industrial areas of MAAP is to remove the soil contaminated with explosives compounds above risk-based levels. The excavated soil will be treated using a bioremediation process to reduce the concentrations of explosives compounds, the toxicity of the leachate, and the mobility of the remaining organic compounds. The treated soil will then be placed in an on-site solid waste landfill in compliance with State of Tennessee regulations. Additionally, in areas where excavation of the explosives-contaminated soil is infeasible, the soil will be covered with an engineered cap to prevent worker exposure to the explosives compounds and prevent leaching of these compounds to groundwater.

  15. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): Alabama Army Ammunition Plant (Operable Unit 1), AL. (First remedial action), December 1991. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The 2,200-acre Alabama Army Ammunition Plant (AAAP) site was located in Talledega County, Alabama, near the junction of Talledega Creek and the Coosa River. AAAP was built in 1941 as a government-owned/contractor-operated facility that produced nitrocellulose, nitroaromatic explosives, and 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl methyl nitramine. Operations at AAAP were terminated in August 1945, and in 1973 several parcels of the original 13,233-acre property were sold. In 1978, the U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency (USATHAMA), managing the Army's Installation Restoration Program (IRP), identified soil, sediment, and ground water potentially contaminated by explosives, asbestos, and lead as a result of past site operations. During the RI/FS, the facility was divided into two general areas: the eastern area (Area A) and the western area (Area B). In 1985, investigations identified soil contamination by explosives, asbestos, and lead in Area A, and ground water contamination by these materials in Area B. Soil excavated from Area A was stockpiled in Area B in two covered buildings and on a concrete slab, which was subsequently covered with a membrane liner. A 1991 characterization study of Area B concluded that explosives, lead, and asbestos contamination were present above regulatory limits. The ROD addressed a final action for the contaminated soil in the Stockpile Soils Area (Area B). The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil and debris were explosives, including 2,4,6-TNT, 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, and tetryl; metals, including lead; and asbestos, an inorganic.

  16. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) 40- by 44-Inch Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-07-01

    and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on a 40- by 44-inch wooden pallet (oak) manufactured by MCAAP. This report contains test...results with the pallets provided meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements.

  17. U.S. Army Modernizes Munitions Plants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Science and Technology, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Headquartered at Joliet, Illinois, the Army Ammunition Procurement and Supply Agency aims to mechanize and clean up its manufacturing facilities. Six go-co (government owned - contractor operated) plants involved in the modernization program are described. (BL)

  18. Biological treatment of composition B waste waters. 2. Analysis of performance of Holston Army Ammunition Plant waste-water treatment facility, January 1985 through August 1986. Technical report, January 1986-December 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Dickinson, W.; Paulson, E.T.; Carnahan, R.P.

    1988-08-18

    The U.S. Army Biomedical Research and Development Laboratory has conducted a study of the operation of the industrial liquid waste treatment facility at Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HSAAP) from startup in 1983 through August 1986. The HSAAP waste treatment plant includes anoxic denitrification filters, a trickling filter, activated sludge treatment, and dual media filtration, and currently receives about 5 mgd of process wastewaters containing moderate chemical oxygen demand and nitrate levels and low, but significant, levels of RDX, HMX and nitramine coproducts. Daily performance and operational parameters have been compiled and analyzed, and the overall efficiency of the treatment scheme has been evaluated. It is concluded that this treatment facility is adequate for HSAAP for the foreseeable future, but does not represent the best choice for a new RDX facility elsewhere.

  19. Environmental behavior of explosives in groundwater from the Milan Army Ammunition Plant in aquatic and wetland plant treatments. Removal, mass balances and fate in groundwater of TNT and RDX.

    PubMed

    Best, E P; Sprecher, S L; Larson, S L; Fredrickson, H L; Bader, D F

    1999-06-01

    Phytoremediation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in groundwater using constructed wetlands is a potentially economical remediation alternative. To evaluate Explosives removal and fate was evaluated using hydroponic batch incubations of plant and substrate treatments with explosives-contaminated groundwater amended with [U-14C]-TNT or [U-14C]-RDX. Plants and substrates were collected from a small-scale wetland constructed for explosives removal, and groundwater originated from a local aquifer at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant. The study surveyed three aquatic, four wetland plant species and two substrates in independent incubations of 7 days with TNT and 13 days with RDX. Parent compounds and transformation products were followed using 14C and chemical (HPLC) analyses. Mass balance of water, plants, substrates and air was determined. It was demonstrated that TNT disappeared completely from groundwater incubated with plants, although growth of most plants except parrot-feather was low in groundwater amended to contain 1.6 to 3.4 mg TNT L-1. Highest specific removal rates were found in submersed plants in water star-grass and in all emergent plants except wool-grass. TNT declined less with substrates, and least in controls without plants. Radiolabel was present in all plants after incubation. Mineralization to 14CO2 was very low, and evolution into 14C-volatile organics negligible. RDX disappeared less rapidly than TNT from groundwater. Growth of submersed plants was normal, but that of emergent plants reduced in groundwater amended to contain 1.5 mg RDX L-1. Highest specific RDX removal rates were found in submersed plants in elodea, and in emergent plants in reed canary grass. RDX failed to disappear with substrates. Mineralization to 14CO2 was low, but relatively higher than in the TNT experiment. Evolution into 14C-volatile organics was negligible. Important considerations for using certain aquatic and wetland

  20. Hardened Water Deluge System for Melt/Pour Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 Commander Iowa Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARIO-A 1 Middletown, Iowa 52638 77 DISTRIBUTION LIST (concluded) No...Commander Milan Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARMI-S 1 Milan, Tennessee 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA-IE 2 Radford, Virginia...24141 Commander Badger Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARBA 2 Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913

  1. Screening of aquatic and wetland plant species for phytoremediation of explosives-contaminated groundwater from the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Best, E.P.; Zappi, M.E.; Fredrickson, H.L.; Sprecher, S.L.; Larson, S.L.

    1997-01-01

    Munitions material such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and their combustion and decomposition products can enter the environment from production activities and field usage and disposal. The purposeful use of plants for cleanup of the environment has received relatively little attention despite the fact that plants, like microorganisms, play an important role in nature in sustaining and restoring environments. The capabilities of plants to absorb, accumulate, and metabolize, directly or indirectly, various organic substances suggest their use in the remediation of contaminated environments (phytoremediation).

  2. Evaluation of various organic fertilizer substrates and hydraulic retention times for enhancing anaerobic degradation of explosives-contaminated groundwater while using constructed wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Behrends, L.L.; Almond, R.A.; Kelly, D.A.; Phillips, W.D.; Rogers, W.J.

    1998-05-01

    This document describes studies conducted at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) to improve the design, operation, and cost of gravel-based anaerobic cells when phytoremediating explosives-contaminated groundwater. To conduct this study, small-scale anaerobic test cells were used to determine: (1) If the hydraulic retention time of a large demonstration-scale anaerobic cell at MAAP could be reduced, and (2) if other carbon sources could be used as an anaerobic feedstock. The study results indicated that: (1) The existing anaerobic cell`s 7.5-day retention time should not be reduced since residual explosive by-products were present in the effluent of treatments with a 3.5-day retention time. (2) Daily application of a relatively soluble substrate, such as molasses syrup, will provide better explosives removal than periodic application of less soluble substrates like milk replacement starter and sewage sludge. (3) Molasses syrup could be, and should be, used as a substitute for milk replacement power. The recommendation to use molasses syrup was based on: (1) The lower cost of molasses syrup as compared to milk replacement starter, (2) molasses syrup`s higher solubility (which makes it easier to apply), and (3) molasses syrup`s ability to provide enhanced explosives removal.

  3. 12. BUILDING 227. BLANK AMMUNITION LOADING PLANT. ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. BUILDING 227. BLANK AMMUNITION LOADING PLANT. ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS. November 1, 1940 - Frankford Arsenal, Building No. 227, South side of Hagner Road between Ripley & Mellon Streets, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  4. 128. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING SMOKESTACK. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    128. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING SMOKESTACK. VIEW TO EAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  5. Adjustments Recommended in Fiscal Year 1982 Ammunition Procurement and Modernization Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-30

    9.5 million requested for a steam tieline at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant is not adequately justified. The Army agrees that the project...5823186 5823142 Description Steam tieline to horseshoe area at Radford Army Ammunition Plant Active munition metal parts fa- cility Sixth phase...constructing a 10,000 foot steam conduit or tieline plus related items at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant. The Munitions Production Base

  6. 120. NORTH PLANT GB BULK STORAGE BUILDING AND AMMUNITION DEMOLITION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    120. NORTH PLANT GB BULK STORAGE BUILDING AND AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY AT CENTER AND CASE FILLING PLANT/CLUSTER ASSEMBLY BUILDING (BUILDING 1601/1606) IN BACKGROUND, FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  7. 125. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY IN FOREGROUND AND ASSEMBLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    125. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY IN FOREGROUND AND ASSEMBLY PLANT/WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 1601/1606/1701) IN BACKGROUND. FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  8. 126. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH ASSEMBLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    126. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH ASSEMBLY PLANT/WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 1601/1606/1701) IN BACKGROUND, FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  9. An Evaluation of Technologies to Automate U.S. Army Water and Wastewater Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-01

    Ammunition Plant 20 Red River Army Depot 21 Watervliet Arsenal 25 West Point Military Academy 27 Summary of Potential Automation Areas 32 3 ASSESSMENT OF...Ammunition Plant, TN * Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, TX * Red River Army Depot, TX * Watervliet Arsenal, NY * West Point Military Academy, NY. A...the Red River Depot. The ammunition plant and seven wastewater treatment plants are operated by Day-Zimmerman under contract to the Army. One

  10. 117. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1703) AT RIGHT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    117. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1703) AT RIGHT FOREGROUND AND GB MANUFACTURING PLANT (BUILDING 1501) AT CENTER. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  11. 127. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH GB ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    127. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH GB MANUFACTURING PLANT (BUILDING 1501) IN BACKGROUND. VIEW TO EAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  12. Evaluation of State-of-the-Art High Speed Deluge Systems Presently in Service at Various U.S. Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    aimmunition plants for f ire protection, against pyrotechnic and propellant material -type f ires/explos ions. The evaluation included beth fire detectors and...spectral irradiances from each type of pyrotechnic material fire. Without these data it is impossible to select with any scientific foundation the...application. It was concluded that field tests are necessary, as well as measurements of the spectral irradiances of pyrotechnic/propellant material fires

  13. 129. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING FREESTANDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    129. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING FREE-STANDING SMOKESTACK (BUILDING 1504). VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  14. 107. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT, WITH AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    107. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT, WITH AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1611) AT RIGHT FOREGROUND AND SCRUBBER SYSTEM AT CENTER. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  15. Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Talladega County, Alabama

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-05-10

    the Remedial Investigation determined that soils , ditch sediment, and surface water in the vicinity of the sewer lines and manholes at the combined TNT... Soils Area Operable Unit (December 1991): The Record of Decision presented the selected remedial action for the Stockpile Soils Area Operable Unit. The...material. The selected remedy consists of on-site thermal treatment of stockpile soils , on-site disposal of treated soil , and on-site or off-site

  16. Energy Engineering Analysis Program, limited energy study of steam distribution systems, Hawthorne Army Ammunition Depot, Hawthorne, Nevada. Programming documents

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    The project is a significant part of Hawthorne Army Ammunition Depot`s effort to achieve a 20-percent reduction in energy consumption by FY2000 versus FY1985 baseline levels. The project will also assure that heating services are provided to Industrial Area facilities on a continuing basis, supporting mission requirements.

  17. Should the U.S. Army Adopt New 5.56mm Ammunition Cartridge Designs to Reduce Overall Ammunition Weight?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    It is a fairly comprehensive handbook, if lacking the latest in ammunition development data. James Bevan’s and Stephanie Pezard’s Basic...cartridge case. Figure 2. Cartridge Case Design Source: James Bevan and Stephanie Pezard, ―Basic Characteristics of Ammunition: From...renamed the Remington .223.17 After further testing and modifications, the final 5.56x45mm design was finally perfected by Robert Hutton and Eugene Stoner

  18. Final expanded site inspection, ammunition storage area, Anniston Army Depot, Anniston, Alabama. Final report, September 1992-November 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Suomela, K.D.; Highsmith, R.L.; Rapuano, K.F.; Kirchner, B.

    1994-11-15

    An Expanded Site Inspection (ESI) was conducted at the Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) Ammunition Storage Area (ASA). The objective of this ESI was to gather the information and data necessary to determine whether there is sufficient evidence of any release of contamination that would require additional investigation. The ASA contains 1,300 ammunition storage magazines and an ammunition maintenance workshop complex which includes buildings for maintenance, demilitarization, and inspection of all types of ammunition and their components. Fifteen Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) were the focus of the ESI, of which 11 were recommend for further investigation. The work included a review of historical records, field investigations, laboratory analyses, data interpretation, and report preparation. Contamination from volatile organic compounds and semi volatile organic compounds is not a major problem at the ASA. Arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, nickel, silver, vanadium, zinc, explosives, and total petroleum hydrocarbons were detected above control screening values levels in one or more of the media sampled. Nitrate/nitrite and total organic carbon were also detected above control screening values in samples of groundwater, soil, and sediment from a number of SWMUs.

  19. Independent Auditors Report on the Attestation of the Existence, Completeness, and Rights of Select Army-Held Operating Materials and SuppliesAmmunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-28

    management’s assertion of audit readiness1 in accordance with DoD Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness (FIAR) Guidance for the existence...Modernization Program and Standard Army Ammunition System–Modernization as of September 30, 2014. While the FIAR Guidance required the Army to assert to...the existence, completeness, rights, and portions of presentation and disclosure3 of all OM&S assets, the Army asserted to only the existence and

  20. Biological Pilot Plant Study at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-01

    for the rotating biological disc studies consisted of water dry waste, pretreated NG-1 or NG-2 wastes, fire water and a small amount of settled sew...age. THe fire water , which is simply filtered river water used for fire protection, and the water dry waste were blended to achieve a COD of...consisted of water dry waste, NG-I or NG-2 wastes, fire water and at times a small amount of settled sewage. Because of the extreme variations in

  1. Remediation of dinitrotoluene contaminated soils from former ammunition plants: soil washing efficiency and effective process monitoring in bioslurry reactors.

    PubMed

    Zhang, C; Daprato, R C; Nishino, S F; Spain, J C; Hughes, J B

    2001-10-12

    A pilot-scale bioslurry system was used to test the treatment of soils highly contaminated with 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) and 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT). The treatment scheme involved a soil-washing process followed by two sequential aerobic slurry reactors augmented with 2,4-DNT- and 2,6-DNT-mineralizing bacteria. Test soils were obtained from two former army ammunition plants, the Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant (VAAP, Chattanooga, TN) and the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP, Baraboo, WI). Soil washing was used to minimize operational problems in slurry reactors associated with large particulates. The Eimco slurry reactors were operated in a draw-and-fill mode for 3 months and were monitored for the biodegradation of 2,4-DNT and 2,6-DNT, nitrite production, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake rate. Results show that soil washing was very effective for the removal of sands and the recovery of soil fines containing 2,4-DNT and 2,6-DNT. Bioslurry reactors offered rapid and nearly complete degradation of both DNT isomers, but require real time monitoring to avoid long lag periods upon refeeding. Results found a significant discrepancy between the measured DNT concentrations and calculated DNT concentrations in the slurry reactors because of solids profiles in the slurry reactors and the presence of floating crystal of DNTs. Based on the actual amount of dinitrotoluene degradation, nitrite release, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake were close to the theoretical stoichiometric coefficients of complete DNT mineralization. Such stoichiometric relationships were not achieved if the calculation was based on the measured DNT concentrations due to the heterogeneity of DNT in the reactor. Results indicate that nitrite release, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake rates provide a fast assessment of 2,4-DNT degradation and microbial activity in a slurry reactor, but could not be extended to a second reactor in series where the degradation of a much lower concentration

  2. Feasibility of using natural attenuation as a remedial alternative for explosives-contaminated groundwater at Site L1, Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Joliet, Illinois. Final report for August 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Pennington, J.C.; Harrelson, D.W.; Zakikhani, M.; Gunnison, D.; Clarke, J.U.

    1998-08-01

    Natural attenuation may be an attractive alternative to more expensive remediation technologies at sites that meet well-defined selection criteria, acceptable risk levels, and that satisfy specific regulatory concerns. Environmental remediation technology is necessarily evolving toward less expensive, less intrusive, long-term solutions. Natural attenuation may be a legitimate and sensible alternative to other remediation methods if appropriate evidence of protection for potential contaminant receptors is documented. A recent study by the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) verified a regulatory attitude of potential acceptance of natural attenuation for explosives-contaminated sites. This study confirmed that most regulatory agencies would accept natural attenuation given appropriate scientific, engineering, and risk assessment data.

  3. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1983 Submitted to Congress February 1982. Part 4 (Ammunition).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    expansion of production capability for ammunition; layaway of industrial plants and equipment, and the manufacturing technology to facilitate and improve...million); and a manufacturing technology program to incorporate the latest state-of-art production of mmunition ($24.4 million). It is expected that...This progrqm improves on-going production processes to achieve cost reductions and enhanced health, safety, and energy conservation characteristics

  4. Economic evaluation of carbon adsorption/ion exchange wastewater-treatment options for Sunflower AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) NQ (nitroguanidine) wastewater-treatment facility. Final report, October 1986-July 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Balasco, A.A.; Cheng, G.C.; Field, E.L.; Vejins, V.R.

    1987-07-31

    The objective of this subtask was to provide an estimate of the capital investment and operating costs for the wastewater-treatment technology option involving activated-carbon adsorption and ion exchange for primary separation, and multiple-effect evaporation and spray drying for volume reduction. During the course of this study, however, it became evident that the process economics could be significantly improved of the ion-exchange step was eliminated from the process scheme. The bases for the system design, plant operation, and cost evaluation were provided to Arthur D. Little by Sunflower AAP personnel to make certain that direct comparisons could be made with other treatment options under consideration.

  5. Army System for Mobilization Requirements Planning: Supply Classes V and VII (Ammunition and Equipment)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Army, Office of the Chief of the Army Reserve, Medical Advisors Office ( DARR -MAO), Washington, D.C. 20310-2400 1 Headquarters, Department of the Army...4 April 1988), p 9. Scarborough, Rowan, "Ammo Base Dwindling, Industry Le Aers Warn," Defense Week (4 April 1988), p 9. Schemmer, Benjamin F

  6. Aquatic Field Survey at Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant, Chattanooga, Tennessee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-06-24

    species, Spirulina laxissima and Gomphosphaeria lacustris at Stations A, B-l, C, and Y-1 Other important blue-green species were: Dscillatoria...Microcoleus lynbyaccous Oscillatoria lutea Oscillatoria submembranceae Schizothrix arenaria Schizothrix calcicola Spirulina subsala X X X X X...Oscillatoria lutea Oscillatoria submembranceae Schizothrix arenaria Schizothrix calcicola i Spirulina subsala X X X X X X X X X X X X X

  7. Historic Properties Report: Kansas Army Ammunition Plant, Parsons, Kansas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-11-01

    HABS/HAER staff members, were sent to five OALIOM installations. Libby Baylies Burns, field supervisor, and Julie Mueller did the field work at Kansas...was conducted by Libby Baylies Burns and Julie Mueller in mid-August of 1982. Assistance was provided by Mr. Ron Keenan of the Facilities Engineering...1886 Betty M rine Cares 1928 - 1929 Willard A. Cares, Jr. 1925 John P. Cares 1840 - 1911 W. N. C. 0. P.1 Anna Hinsey 1856 - 1924 Wilber N. Cares 1883

  8. Insulation of Nitrocellulose Boiling Tubs at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Manufactured oy Pittsburg-Corning. 1 nW I. Zero permeability per ASTM C355 2. Low thermal expansion 3. High relative compressive strength 4. Lightweight 5...were used, one for steam flow between 0 and 680 kg/hr ( 0 lb and 1501) [b/hr), arid a second one for flows between b80 kg and 3402 kg/hr (1500 lb and...less than 96 0 C. At other times the autocontrol sensor had the steam valve open when the manual sensor showed more than 96 0 C. The single sensor

  9. Removal of DNT from Wastewaters at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-31

    erratic removal was achieved at lower temperatures and lower pH. Health and Safety/Toxicity From acute and chronic toxicity testing utilizing Daphnia ...S I, IL c I L,. S - ICm -"- I; - Fiur 27 Choaormo -prmtrtxriyts o - - - I • Figure 27. Chro-atogram of respirometer toxi ’.ity test No. 5 with

  10. Historic Properties Report: Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant, Chattanooga, Tennessee.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    deflect any blast (Fig- ure 6). Escape chutes on all buildings permitted rapid egress fram upper floors (Figure 7). .5 Shortages of steel and other...which were constructed with steel frames (Figure 8).16 Technology *Hercules Powder ompany took control of TNT Lines I and 2 on July 15, 1942, and...du Pont i the mid-1920s. Nitric acid was produced by vaporizing ammonia mixed with heated conpressed air in the presence of a platinun catalyst to

  11. Historic Properties Report: Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Grand Island, Nebraska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    contained TNT and aluminum poder .29 The Nebraska Ordnance Works at Wahoo did the pioneer work in loading both Composition B and tritonal, and trained...Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings, 1983. Wash., D.C.: Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Ser •ice. 1983. Quayle, L. A

  12. Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste by Pyrolysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    Production at Eight AAP’s Waste Category Installation PEP PEP-Contaminated Non-Contarainated Mg/yr ( TPY ) Mg/yr ( TPY ) Mg/yr ( TPY ) Holston 71 (78...u 3 48 water condensation temperature. From here the gases and water vapor flow through a catalytic converter to a water settling tank which re...the distillator, or to flare or pipeline. The catalytic converter and cracking unit are proprietary and no information is available on their function

  13. Environmental Quality Standards Research on Wastewaters of Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-06-01

    standard materials, 1-MNG, 2-MNG, and 1,3-DNG (supplied by Naval Ordnance Laboratory), and TNC diluted with 13- lactose (DuPont), each showed single major...TNG much as 13- lactose does in the pharmaceutical preparation. Preliminary GC investigations were made on liquid/liquid extracts of the wastewaters...evaporated, agglomerations of water-soluble needlelike (acicular) crystals could be observed in the LG samples; these were identified through energy dispersion

  14. Excess Area Contamination Survey of Indiana Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-25

    DOCUMENTS Unclassified SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OP THIS PAGE ( Whai Dime Sam ___________________ / .REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE BEFORECOPEIGFR ; OTNum&" ~ 1.GVT...and hexane , and air dried. Acquisition of labels was part of the Pre-Field Setup procedure, in which sample stations, fractions, sample trip itinerary...turnaround bordered by the service road. The area was densely forested with deciduous and coniferous trees. Ground cover was dense, with leaf litter

  15. Environmental Survey and Assessment of Gateway Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    which can cause histoplasmosis . SECURITY Cl-ASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE./"an Dat& Entored) GAAPFINAL. I/SUMMARY. 1 6/3/82 o01314 SUMMARY This report...and Recovery Act of 1976; and the presence of a biological health hazard, which can cause histoplasmosis . Spills and leaks of hydraulic fluid and oil...3.5.2 Spills 3-38 3.5.3 Histoplasmosis Hazard 3-39 3.6 AIR SAMPLING 3-39 4.0 INSTALLATION ASSESSMENT 4-1 4.1 MAIN MANUFACTURING BUILDING 4-3 4.2

  16. Redmedial Action, Decision Document, Leaseback Area, Alabama Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-02-01

    areas, finishing in January 1946. The government released the constructing and operating contractor in a final settlement in September 1946. During the...SuMDs 102-A Tank Farm 0 102-3 Tank Farm 0 102-C Tank Farm 0 104-A Wood ?ulp Dry House 0 104-3 Coton Dry House 0 I04-C Cotton Dry House 0 105-A

  17. Ventilation Study of Proposed Ammunition Plant at Lake City Arsenal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-01

    US’ATIlu Intern Training Ceni er Red River Army Depot Texarkana, Texas 75501 F - DISTRIBUTTON UNI 1TITED F~~ 1 Prepared for K~ SAFETY GRADUA I tNGNER...6 ~ 4v , ( \\ 1 . FOREWARD ! I’ fP The research discussed in this report was accomplished as part of the Safety Engineering Graduate Program conducted...DOCUMENTATION1 PAGE j3rioifO-h’O/PWNORM 1 . REPORT NUMOER 2. GOVT ACCESSION No. 3. RtLCIPIl1NT’S CATALOG NW,/ 1 )IEN U3N"C-rrC- (2.-03-76-41,_____ __’__ 4

  18. Green Remediation: Army Policy and Implementation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    treated on-site within a contained asphalt- lined former pH control pond and treated in 300 yard increments – Caustic soda was evenly spread on soil...Army installations and FUDS.  The examples presented are not representative of all Army efforts 11 Energy Example Former Nebraska Ordnance Plant ...Daugherty, mark.e.daugherty@us.army.mil 15 Land and Ecosystems Example #2 Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant (Excess) Cleanup Objective: Treat soil

  19. Beryllium surface levels in a military ammunition plant.

    PubMed

    Sanderson, Wayne T; Leonard, Stephanie; Ott, Darrin; Fuortes, Laurence; Field, William

    2008-07-01

    This study evaluated the presence of beryllium surface contamination in a U.S. conventional munitions plant as an indicator of possible past beryllium airborne and skin exposure and used these measurements to classify job categories by potential level of exposure. Surface samples were collected from production and nonproduction areas of the plant and at regional industrial reference sites with no known history of beryllium use. Surface samples of premoistened wiping material were analyzed for beryllium mass content using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and results expressed as micrograms of beryllium per 100 square centimeters (micro g/100 cm(2)). Beryllium was detected in 87% of samples collected at the munitions plant and in 72% of the samples collected at regional reference sites. Two munitions plant samples from areas near sanders and grinders were above 3.0 micro g/100 cm(2) (U.S. Department of Energy surface contamination limit). The highest surface level found at the reference sites was 0.44 micro g/100 cm(2). Workers in areas where beryllium-containing alloy tools were sanded or ground, but not other work areas, may have been exposed to airborne beryllium concentrations above levels encountered in other industries where metal work is conducted. Surface sampling provided information useful for categorizing munitions plant jobs by level of past beryllium airborne and skin exposure and, subsequently, for identifying employees within exposure strata to be screened for beryllium sensitization.

  20. Levelized cost-benefit analysis of proposed diagnostics for the Ammunition Transfer Arm of the US Army`s Future Armored Resupply Vehicle

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkinson, V.K.; Young, J.M.

    1995-07-01

    The US Army`s Project Manager, Advanced Field Artillery System/Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (PM-AFAS/FARV) is sponsoring the development of technologies that can be applied to the resupply vehicle for the Advanced Field Artillery System. The Engineering Technology Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has proposed adding diagnostics/prognostics systems to four components of the Ammunition Transfer Arm of this vehicle, and a cost-benefit analysis was performed on the diagnostics/prognostics to show the potential savings that may be gained by incorporating these systems onto the vehicle. Possible savings could be in the form of reduced downtime, less unexpected or unnecessary maintenance, fewer regular maintenance checks. and/or tower collateral damage or loss. The diagnostics/prognostics systems are used to (1) help determine component problems, (2) determine the condition of the components, and (3) estimate the remaining life of the monitored components. The four components on the arm that are targeted for diagnostics/prognostics are (1) the electromechanical brakes, (2) the linear actuators, (3) the wheel/roller bearings, and (4) the conveyor drive system. These would be monitored using electrical signature analysis, vibration analysis, or a combination of both. Annual failure rates for the four components were obtained along with specifications for vehicle costs, crews, number of missions, etc. Accident scenarios based on component failures were postulated, and event trees for these scenarios were constructed to estimate the annual loss of the resupply vehicle, crew, arm. or mission aborts. A levelized cost-benefit analysis was then performed to examine the costs of such failures, both with and without some level of failure reduction due to the diagnostics/prognostics systems. Any savings resulting from using diagnostics/prognostics were calculated.

  1. Anaerobic treatment of army ammunition production wastewater containing perchlorate and RDX.

    PubMed

    Atikovic, Emina; Suidan, Makram T; Maloney, Stephen W

    2008-08-01

    Perchlorate is an oxidizer that has been routinely used in solid rocket motors by the Department of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Royal Demolition Explosive (RDX) is a major component of military high explosives and is used in a wide variety of munitions. Perchlorate bearing wastewater typically results from production of solid rocket motors, while RDX is transferred to Army industrial wastewaters during load, assemble and pack operations for new munitions, and hot water or steam washout for disposal and deactivation of old munitions (commonly referred to as demilitarization, or simply demil). Biological degradation in Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors (AFBR), has been shown to be an effective method for the removal of both perchlorate and RDX in contaminated wastewater. The focus of this study was to determine the effectiveness of removal of perchlorate and RDX, individually and when co-mingled, using ethanol as an electron donor under steady state conditions. Three AFBRs were used to assess the effectiveness of this process in treating the wastewater. The performance of the bioreactors was monitored relative to perchlorate, RDX, and chemical oxygen demand removal effectiveness. The experimental results demonstrated that the biodegradation of perchlorate and RDX was more effective in bioreactors receiving the single contaminant than in the bioreactor where both contaminants were fed.

  2. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1984 Submitted to Congress January 1983. Procurement Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles, Ammunition and Other National Guard Equipment. Part 4.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    Data Sheets................................ 4-35 4-1 January 1983 I II I II I I I - - , PROCURKNKNT OF AhIUNITIOIN, ARM Section 1 Budget Appendix xtract...34WWI-........................-.- .-..--..- n-.-----.-- i Army Procurement of Ammunition. Army 31 JaN 83 Program and Finaci , n (Il thousads of dotl ars...projectiles. 155w ADAM/RAMS 189.7 The Area Denial Artillery Munition (ADAM) and Remote Anti- Armor Mine Systems (RAAS) projectiles are artillery

  3. Howitzer Ammunition System Procurement (HASP).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-07-01

    Ammunition System Procurement (HASP) study documents the potential benefits that industry systems management offers to the U.S. Army and U.S...industry systems management offers significant benefits to the Government compared to government systems management (ie. "breakout" acquisition...product management of howitzer ammunition programs. A corollary objective is to discuss the advantages that industry systems management may offer the

  4. Improving Planning for Military Construction of Army Child Development Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    77 McAlester Ammunition Plant , Oklahoma 78 Fort Meade, Maryland 79 Presidio of Monterey, California 79 During our audit...7,” May 28, 2010 U.S. Army Audit Agency Army Audit Agency Report No. A-2010-0120- ALO , “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 - Fort...Stewart and Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia,” June 23, 2010 Army Audit Agency Report No. A-2010-0073- ALO , “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  5. A GAMS-Based Model of the U.S. Army Wartime Ammunition Distribution System for the Corps Level.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    the WADS. The Generalized Algebraic Modelling andsteni used to implement both models. The sequential heuristic locates ammuunition facilities with a...RESEARCH from the POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL March I Approved by: 4 77 R. Kevin Wood, Thesis Advisor Richard E. Rosenthal, Second Reader Peter Purdue, Chairman... Algebraic Modelling System is used to implement both models. The sequential heuristic locates ammunition facilities with a binary integer program and then

  6. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT OF GENERAL DECON TECHNOLOGY FOR THE U.S. ARMY'S INSTALLATION/RESTORATION PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document reports on the results of bench-scale tests of treatment technologies for explosive-containing sediment located in lagoons at Army ammunition plants. A companion literature search identified the appropriate explosives remediation technologies to be evaluated. ...

  7. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT OF GENERAL DECON TECHNOLOGY FOR THE U.S. ARMY'S INSTALLATION/RESTORATION PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document reports on the results of bench-scale tests of treatment technologies for explosive-containing sediment located in lagoons at Army ammunition plants. A companion literature search identified the appropriate explosives remediation technologies to be evaluated. ...

  8. Analysis of organic compounds in aqueous samples of former ammunition plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levsen, K.; Preiss, A.; Berger-Preiss, E.

    1995-10-01

    New approaches are presented for the extraction and analysis of explosives and related compounds in aqueous samples from former ammunition production sites. Quantitative extraction of nitroaromatics but also of the polar nitramines such as RDX and HMX is achieved by solid phase extraction with styrene-divinylbenzene polymers (Lichrolut EN). Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) has been used to identify and quantify unknowns in ammunition waste water. Finally, automated multiple development (AMD) high performance thin layer chromatography was applied for the first time to the analysis of this compound class.

  9. Evaluation of Industrial Liquid Waste Plant Design at Holston Army Ammunition Plant. Phase I. Part 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    Eckenfelder 2 3 made in trickling filter operation. The fractional order for the operational Loading rate was obtained as shown in Figure 2. The data of Hash...et al. 5 were replotted and found to be essentially the same as reported by Grady4 and by Eckenfelder . 2 3 While the rate did change and was...Report, WP-01181. 22. Rich, L.C. 1963. Unit Processes of Sanitary Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 23. Eckenfelder , W.W., Jr. 1966

  10. Pilot Plant Nitrocellulose Recovery Using Dichloromethane as the Extracting Solvent for Badger Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-12-01

    WC 870 Speed) F-3 Balli ; tic Acceptance Test X3492 (Wc 870 Speed) F-4 Powders for WC 846 Blending F-5 Propellant Description Sheet X3491 (WC 846...F 56000 -37 -4700 __20 10578 11178 ! 20 4125o]+125°:48000 -7 +100 REMARKS. Chamber Pressure +3 SD= 51,992 psi nATs CHARGE GUM OR GAGE NO. MEAN STANDAR

  11. Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology Project. Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, B.

    1993-03-01

    The Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology (AAIT) Project is an activity of the Robotics & Process Systems Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the US Army`s Project Manager-Ammunition Logistics (PM-AMMOLOG) at the Picatinny Arsenal in Picatinny, New Jersey. The project objective is to evaluate new two-dimensional bar code symbologies for potential use in ammunition logistics systems and automated reloading equipment. These new symbologies are a significant improvement over typical linear bar codes since machine-readable alphanumeric messages up to 2000 characters long are achievable. These compressed data symbologies are expected to significantly improve logistics and inventory management tasks and permit automated feeding and handling of ammunition to weapon systems. The results will be increased throughout capability, better inventory control, reduction of human error, lower operation and support costs, and a more timely re-supply of various weapon systems. This paper will describe the capabilities of existing compressed data symbologies and the symbol testing activities being conducted at ORNL for the AAIT Project.

  12. Automated ammunition logistics for the Crusader program

    SciTech Connect

    Speaks, D.M.; Kring, C.T.; Lloyd, P.D.; Ray, T.L.; Jatko, W.B.

    1997-03-01

    The US Army`s next generation artillery system is called the Crusader. A self-propelled howitzer and a resupply vehicle constitute the Crusader system, which will be designed for improved mobility, increased firepower, and greater survivability than current generation vehicles. The Army`s Project Manager, Crusader, gave Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) the task of developing and demonstrating a concept for the resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to sustain the howitzer with ammunition and fuel and will significantly increase capabilities over those of current resupply vehicles. Ammunition is currently processed and transferred almost entirely by hand. ORNL identified and evaluated various concepts for automated upload, processing, storage, docking and delivery. Each of the critical technologies was then developed separately and demonstrated on discrete test platforms. An integrated technology demonstrator, incorporating each of the individual technology components to realistically simulate performance of the selected vehicle concept, was developed and successfully demonstrated for the Army.

  13. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  14. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  15. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  16. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  17. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  18. Subsurface Conditions at Site 16 Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    measured total magnetic field strength using a proton precession magnetometer . A base station was established and was reoccupied after every profile line...total magnetic field strength using a proton precession magnetometer which had a measurement accuracy of I gamma. For reference, the average magnetic

  19. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Scranton Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    DARCOM installations isrpart of a developing national acceptance of the historic Resource Protection Planning Process (RP3) (HCRS 1980). RP3 presents an...to facilitate railroad engine repair. A portion of the Bessemer Steel Rail Rolling Mill, previously stood in the location of the eastern half of...depth of several feet occurred in this area. Prior to 1907, GDA-4 was the site of the 1875 Steel Works Buildings (Hopkins 1877). Portions of the Bessemer

  20. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: COGNIS TERRAMET LEAD EXTRACTION PROCESS - TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT - COGNIS, INC.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The TERRAMET® soil remediation system leaches and recovers lead (including metallic lead, and lead salts and oxides), and other metals from contaminated soil, sludge, or sediment. The system uses a proprietary aqueous leachant that is optimized through treatability tests for the ...

  1. Milan Army Ammunition Plant. Remedial Investigation Report. Volume 4. Appendices M - T

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    Environmental Protection Agency, Seattle, Washington. 0-18 APPENDIX P HUMAN HEALTH TOXICITY PROFILES ACETONE Acetone is absorbed in humans and animals ...dust by experimental animals has been associated with reduced sperm count, increased fetal mortality, atresia of the ovarian follicles, decreased body...experimental animals support the contention that excess sodium ingestion is related to the development of hypertension (NAS 1977). It is estimated that at

  2. Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study; UST and AST Site Investigation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-10-01

    50000 1000 500000 Chromium CR JS16/SS18 4.05 5000 6.96 50000 Cobalt CO JS16/SS18 1.42 1000 25 50000 Copper CU JS16/SS18 0.965 2500 5 25000 Cyanide...5000 2 10000 Cadmium CD JS13/SS14 0.515 2000 5 5000 Calcium CA JS13/SS14 72 5000 50 5000 Chromium CR JS13/SS14 0.669 5000 22.4 7500 Cobalt CO JS13...ED SS14 21 ! Barium 130 UGL WELL G0053 24-Mar-92 ED SS14 21 Chromium LT 22.4 UGL WELL G0053 ! 24-Mar-92 ED SS14 21 : Cobalt LT ; 10.8 UGL WELL

  3. Contamination Analysis Report for Environmental Contamination Survey of the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Mashall, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-03

    ium ?, .7 Pli el (Ir in* Cadc.inium <Alpha PTIC* Chromium 2?.Al fept ~achlor* Lead 21.4 Lindane* Mangjanese P55Toxaphene* Strontium 7.(’ 7\\roclor 1016...cal CON flitcŽ Tr) __No. Test Name u/ 1", Jii I.(’I AEF001 Beta-PTIC I ,., L10 AEF006 Alidrin r. I ell Fndosulfan T " We 1 1 2 1 AEGO02 Deita-PI-IC 0*i

  4. Evaluation of Ultra-High-Speed Fire Protection Systems Presently in Service at Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-17

    adequately tested it is necessary to know the spectral irradiances from each type of pyrotechnic material fire. Without these data it is impossible to...measurements of the spectral irradiances of pyrotechnics and propellant material fires/explosions. Detectors are being employed whose wavelengths may...response time of detection; they must also be known in conjunction with those from nonpyrotechnic material fire sources, false alarm sources, such as

  5. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 1. Text Sections 1 Through 12

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    cancer risk of 2x10 4 which is slightly above the USEPA target range. Maximum PB levels of 10,000 ppm in Nitroglycerine Pond surface soils exceed the...Topography east of the terminal moraine is gently undulating to hilly with complex slopes and numerous depressions ; the outwash plain west of the... depressions where it slowly evaporates during summer months. Recharge to the aquifer is limited by infiltration through the fine-grained loess unit blanketing

  6. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 1. Appendices A Through D

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    SS 18" M Ill" Gravel & Asphalt Shingles 2 SS18" M 17- Medium Dense, Pale Yellow 3 SS 18" M 13- (2.5Y 7/4) Fine to CoarseSAND, Trace Silt, Little to 4...I SS 124" Sand, Occasional Gravel _ 2 1SS30"’ M 4 5- _ _ FILL: Mixture of Silty Sand, 3 SS 25" 1 Cinder-s, Paper, Wood & _S Asphalt Shingles 4 SS 30...considered. Chapter NR 422: Control of Organic Compound Emissions from Surface Coating. Printing. and Asphalt Surfacing This chapter establishes

  7. Rocket Paste Production Buildings Investigation, Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin (Phase 1)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-24

    cadmium reactor, where nitrate is reduced to nitrite. Sulfanilic acid and N -(1- naphthyl ) ethylenediamine (NED) are added at this step. The resulting...degrees Celsius DEP diethyl phthalate DNPA di- n -propyl adipate DNT dinitrotoluene DoD Department of Defense DS differential speed ES even speed...basis for this technology derives from the observation that a small fraction of the light falling on a material will be absorbed by exciting the chemical

  8. Residual Explosives Criteria for Treatment of Area P Soil, Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-11

    iheltii effects viewpoint was requested, details of which are documented in this repurt.. Three situat-ions were addressed, those of potable groundwater...level to avert further contamination of the aquifer. A second evaluation led to a set of soil levels that should prevent adverse aquatic effects in the...evaluaticn of this plan with respect to health effects . The present report documents this evaluation. 2.0 SITE SPECIFIC INFORMATION "The groundwater and soils

  9. Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) Report; Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Talladega County, Alabama.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-01

    wall erosion and sedimentation and do not contribute to surface water contamination. Low levels of nitroaromatic compounds were detected in the...with nitroaromatic compounds. However, these sediments have been buried by channel wall erosion and sedimentation and do not contribute to surface...drainage system is contaminated with nitroaromatic compounds. However, these sediments have been buried by channel wall erosion and sedimentation and

  10. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 2. Appendices D.2 Through F

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    COMPOSITE GRAVEL ,PLASTIC SCOOP OTHER OTHER_," palm , SAMPLE OBSERVATIONS ODOR__ AMBIENT SAMPLE COLORED AIR QQ PPM LOCATION PH UNIT ANALYTICAL PARAMETERS...MONITORING WELL CONSTRUCTION Department of Natural Resources -Form 4400-113A 8-39 Fattypoec am rd oato I’ Wel Name acai cense. Pnt or tvrlazonnig imiter 0072...llLastaied By. (Persms -N.~ame and F~irm) _______________________ft. Locationof We.i ae:uzve to ~aWj~uc . Is Wed A palm t or=zorcemen Sta. Applicationl! E3

  11. Remedial Investigation Report for USATHAMA - RATSS Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, Independence, Missouri. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    gastroenteritis , muscular paralysis, hypertension, ventricular fibrillation, and central nervous system damage (EPA 1984, Perry et al. 1983...demonstrated in mammalian fetuses and neonates after inhalation exposure in pregnant rats (EPA 1984), although CC14 has not been shown to be teratogenic

  12. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 6. Appendix L

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    Officer’s Representative Representative DAAAl5-91-D-0008 DAAA15 -90-D-0007 Rosemary tinContractig Officer’s Representative DAAA15-90-D-0010 Enclosure...Officer’s - 4ontracting Officer’s Representative Representative DAAA15-87-D-0016 DAAAl5-91-D-0008 . -Ai//.i Charles A. Lechner Rosemary i Contracting...1y, a Rosemary tin Contracting Ofaicr’s Contractiu Officer’s Representat ve Representative DAAAl5-87-D-0 DAAA15-90-D- 0010 AJa~ues MKenna a sD

  13. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 4. Appendices K.1 Through K.4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    8217 % ’’ ’’O 00 00(’(4’( a4)ý mooC ’ c’ ’ ’ ’MMMM MMMM MM(4’ ’ ’ ’ 𔃾(4(4(4(I ’ ’ � 44 4 4,~4M -0. 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000...8217. 1 MOM.. S 04 041 040404v we44444444444444000000000000000 04 om w 04 . 0 sIg s- 44444444 -- 4I-sI -- 444*OSIS M M MMMMM 111111 MI IIIlIIII~iII~II...i ... ji+ ++ + +++ + ++ + + Il ’-4 0 *00 00000I@UIeIS000 S0000 005 sig o .41 00000000000000000 00 00 0 00 0 0 0 00 00 0 00000000 *i

  14. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: COGNIS TERRAMET LEAD EXTRACTION PROCESS - TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT - COGNIS, INC.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The TERRAMET® soil remediation system leaches and recovers lead (including metallic lead, and lead salts and oxides), and other metals from contaminated soil, sludge, or sediment. The system uses a proprietary aqueous leachant that is optimized through treatability tests for the ...

  15. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Vermillion County, Indiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-21

    architectural review and planning function is being directed by the Service’s Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), while the prehistoric and...1983). A companion historic architectural study is in preparation by NPS’s Historic American Building Survey (HABS), but is not yet available (William...lies within the "warm temperate montane moist for- est" bioclimatic formation (Sawyer and Lindsey 1963). This is the cli- matic zone associated with

  16. Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP), FY93 Limited Energy Study, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-11-11

    alternative Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECO’s). To develop the field data into various alternative ECO concepts or models, we utilized an ’Excel...ECO’s were then analyzed for suitability for the Energy Conservation lnvestment Program (ECIP) using the govemmenrs software package called Life Cycle Cost in Design (LCCID).

  17. Monitoring of Pesticide Disposal Practices, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Burlington, Iowa 52600, September 1974 - January 1975

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-15

    epoxide 7.5 .005 lindane 3.8 .0025 methoxychlor 120.0 .08 mirex 60.0 .04 toxaphene 1200.0 .80 chlorpyrifos 12.0 .008 diazinon 48.0 .032 malathion 75.0...polar fraction contains most of the common pesticides including toxaphene and 5442. 3. REAGENTS. a. Silicic acid - Mallinckrodt, Silicar CC-4 special for

  18. Archeological Survey and Testing Along Boone Creek, Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Webster Parish, Louisiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    ducks, partridges, cranes , quail, snakes, and fish. 8 CHAPTER 2: ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING Climate The modern climate of the project area is classified as... caustic materials. Large openings in their sides were cut by oil field workers, who then added water to the dry caustic material to make a caustic ...whiffletree hook and a harness ring were recovered, indicating that horses were used here. No automotive artifacts were recovered. This again reinforces the

  19. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 7. Appendices M Through R

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    1987) conducted a cross-sectional study in 141 male workers exposed to manganese dioxide , tetroxide and various salts (sulfate, carbonate and...gcms) T exposure interval (s) Or’ organic carbon content of soil (fraction) D- molecular diffusivity (cm2M) H HHenrys law constant (atm-ms1nol) Kd soil...water partition coefficient (gsnm3) Koc Organic carbon partition coefficient (cm3lg) CF conversion factor (kg/g) PARAMETER VALUE UNI’I SOURCE IS 31 m

  20. Electric Motor Usage, Repair, and Replacement Practices at Kansas Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    i i n i t-i «r -r OJ i i ( I I OJ iN o J I OJ I 0M I CN cosm i inininminmODCOSincDSOO SvNS I —1-4—i^^^SQ—<—’S^S 0-1 0) OM I -i...QZ-J-ZZO-mZ or~oo-or-oos-oo Zr^ZQZCDZZOZ I I E Oil S Oil N K5 I I o tn a. i i I i I i I I N I I I I i in o I I I

  1. Characterizing PCB contamination in Painted Demolition Debris: The Painted History at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    as PCB Bulk Product Waste (i.e. no samples; waste disposed in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill). EPA requests paint and substrate samples be...OR PCB remediation waste?  EPA TSCA guidance states painted demolition debris is PCB bulk waste product and may be disposed of in a municipal solid waste  EPA

  2. Hazards Analysis of Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    wastes, two energy recovery processes currently being used with municipal solid waste and other types of biomass are being considered. One process con...military explosives are finding their way into municipal solid waste (table 1). In several cases investigators dis- covered the origins of...location is different. However, the waste from each site consists of the following types: 1. Non-contaminated - Similar to municipal solid waste except

  3. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 5. Appendix K.5

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    W z M z i V ~ v 001 %0 hrM ND %D~m ~ ~ 0 a =Vo~uo~i’~o’ o’ M 0 C4 01 10 0 0000 ~ 0 0 G i~ w.,~J1 0 0 0 ~ H1 I I I4- 1~~4~4C 1 ’ r.4 r4 4 r1 V 011 0...40Oa-o- -. 0 ml *o o ooo eeo oesclcoo *uieeeo sO s eOOO eeo eO~O eoo eoovoooooooo ->-4 0000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000000 oco...I,.......l++ -4 :3Ma 0o ego map o a) the 0 so eee os eeo ee eo oeIVoow ir) -4 000 000 00 0 0 00 0 00 00000000000000000000000000000 a

  4. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 2. Tables and Figures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    BASE BUNDAR r> BEROCK UTCRO 9NPoplanTE:nn~:G~on BASEMAP ROM SGS S-MNUT TOPOGSeAtliC CONOU MAPS, SAUK~~il CIT sAUl PRARIaNR BADGER ARM AMMNIIO PAN...ABLnEGnENDlSrvcs.Ic BASE BUNDAR cj ~ ~ ~ O , YM PLA Cm .. k I I I I f. * ’a ’W~9 ’%~ Li / Cbr ml . ’e IRE) N0 22 bPOW" 3_ - . .Lf A/t I- 10 -- I(: sg AU...DIRECTION OF GROUNDWATER QL., FLOW *W MONITORING WELL OR PIEZO1 " USED TO DETERMINE CONTOURS NOTES: 1. BASE MAP FROM USGS 7.5-MINUTE 4 TOPOGRAPHIC CONTOUR

  5. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 3. Appendices G Through J

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    q) 𔄁~ /Z J’-oRECEIVED BY: etg 2 ABB ENNIRONAIENTAL SERVICES, INC. PAGE O F _ FIELD DATA RECORD - GROUNDWATER FIELD SAMPLING NUMBER ’ PROJECT...of the expected plume flow path, but its presence at these residences may be related to chlorination of the water supply systems rather than activities...0.3 ppb 5. The trace level chloroform concentrations at wells D,G, and H may be related to chlorination of water supply system. 6. ND indicates no

  6. Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant Longterm Groundwater Monitoring Health and Safety Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    monitoring well borings will be drilled using auger or rotary drilling techniques . As part of the logging of monitoring well borings, downhole geophysical...protective equipment worn may limit manual dexterity, hearing, visibility, and may increase the difficulty of performing some tasks. Personnel should...Safety Manual e Approve or disapprove Health and Safety * Manage the W-C employee medical Plans surveillance program 0 Suspend work on any project

  7. An Assessment of the Cultural Resources within the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Harrison County, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-01

    southeast Oklahoma (Bruseth et al. 1987:43-47; Peter and Jurney 1988:24-26). This may have affected the project area either directly, as a period of...bordering Caddo Lake. This locality is situated in both the upland flats and alluvial bottomlands zones and is purported to be a boat landing and fishing...facilities (Localities 14 and 15), and a boat dock/fishing station (Location 31). These localities offer an insight into the settlement and land use

  8. Group Technology Assessment: U.S. Army Materiel Command.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    63120 Army Ammunition Plants: Cdr, Crane AAA, Attn: SMCCN-CO, Crane, IN 47522 Cdr, Hawthorne AAP, Attn: SMCHW-CO, Hawthorne , NV 89415 Cdr, Iowa AAP...5 INDIVIDUALS INTERVIEWED DURING ON-SITE VISITS Name/Title Organization/Location Mr. Nathaniel Scott AMCCOM-ARDC Industrial Engineer Dover, New Jersey...Rock Island, Illinois 61299 Commander U.S. Army Armament Munitions & Chemical Command Attn: AMSMC-CG (D) 0 Dover, New Jersey 07801 Mr. Nathaniel Scott

  9. Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology Project

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, B.

    1993-01-01

    The Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology (AAIT) Project is an activity of the Robotics Process Systems Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the US Army's Project Manager-Ammunition Logistics (PM-AMMOLOG) at the Picatinny Arsenal in Picatinny, New Jersey. The project objective is to evaluate new two-dimensional bar code symbologies for potential use in ammunition logistics systems and automated reloading equipment. These new symbologies are a significant improvement over typical linear bar codes since machine-readable alphanumeric messages up to 2000 characters long are achievable. These compressed data symbologies are expected to significantly improve logistics and inventory management tasks and permit automated feeding and handling of ammunition to weapon systems. The results will be increased throughout capability, better inventory control, reduction of human error, lower operation and support costs, and a more timely re-supply of various weapon systems. This paper will describe the capabilities of existing compressed data symbologies and the symbol testing activities being conducted at ORNL for the AAIT Project.

  10. Identifying Efficiencies in the Supply Chain for Training Ammunition: Methods, Models, and Recommendations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Standard Army Ammunition System–Modernized ( SAAS -MOD), Total Army Munitions Information System (TAMIS), and the Worldwide Ammunition Reporting System...current drive to integrate ammunition management into a centralized enterprise resource planning ( ERP ) system. Finding(s): As discussed earlier...activities do your ASP personnel execute that are not captured in the Workload Report accessible in SAAS ? How much time would you estimate each of these

  11. Upgrading Army Sewage Treatment Plant Trickling Filters with Synthetic Media.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    IS. SECURITY CLASS . (of this report) Unclassified ISo. DECL ASSI ICATION/ DOWN GRADING SCHEDULE 60. DISTRIbUTION STATEMENT &I, tfhi Report) Approved...PLANT TRICLIN FITER WIH SNTHTICMEDIA * 1 INTRODUCTION Background The Army owns more than 100 wastewater treatment plants, of which more than half use...usually fabricated from corrugated and rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sheets, with modules normally about 2 ft wide by 2 ft high by 4 ft long, and (2

  12. Strategic Implications of Eliminating the Ammunition Officer Speciality Within the United States Army and a Plan of Action to Ensure Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-05-03

    McMillin <Kenneth.McMillin@ocs.apg.army.mil>, “91B/D Merger,” electronic mail message to Diane L. Barbre <Diane.Barbre@us.army.mil>, 15 January 2002. 49...http://www.usma.army.mil/Public Affairs/PVArchives/000922/Ordnance.htm>. Internet. Accessed 11 March 2004. Bondanella, John R., Bruce Held, W. Michael...McMillin, Kenneth <Kenneth.McMillin@ocs.apg.army.mil>. “91B/D Merger.” Electronic mail message to Diane L. Barbre <Diane.Barbre@us.army.mil>. 15 January

  13. Models for Ammunition Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-01

    Analysis Operations Research Management Models Mobilization Planning Computer Programming Ammunition Management Economic Analysis Production Planning...ammunition managers on a unique set of nine modern computer models specifically developed to support the conventional ammunition management decision...DECISION MODELS DIRECTORATE ROCK ISLAND, ILLINOIS 61201 r ABSTRACT This special management report presents a unique set of nine computer models

  14. DoD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    of Terms The following are descriptions of terms and phrases commonly used in conjunction with ammunition, explosives, and other dangerous materials... dangerous materials for interim periods prior to storage or shipment. Hygroscopic A tendency of material to absorb moisture from its surroundings. Hypergolic...requirements of various magazines for ammunition, explosives and other dangerous materials. A. Army Igloo Magazines 1. Reinforced concrete, arch-type

  15. Wartime Requirements for Ammunition, Materiel, and Personnel (WARRAMP). Volume IV. Ammunition Post-Processor Program Maintenance Manual.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    7 AD-A~L1 692 CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA F/. 15/7 WARTIME REQUIREMENTS FOR AMMUNITION, MATERIEL, AND PERSONNEL (W-ETC(Ul FEB 82 Rt G RHOADES...REPORT S, PERIOo COVERED0 Wartime Requirements for Ammunition, Materiel Final: Sep 80 -- Feb 82 and Personnel (WARRAMP), Volume-IV, Ammunition...Dome 20. \\JABSMICT on the UNIVAC 1100/ 82 installed at the US Army Concepts Analysis A~eacy. NTIS owA& ED7IC TOI DIstribution/ C IOD a:I i Ava a

  16. Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant NQ (Nitroguanidine) Wastewater Treatment GAC/IE (Granular Activated Carbon/Ion Exchange) Pilot Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-17

    Carbon Bed Performance - Lagoon Liquor VI-5 VI-5 Cation Exchange Summary -- Breakthrough Loading Series VI-9 VI-6 Extended Run Cation Exchange Summary...Lagoon Liquor VI-II VI-7 Extended Run Cation Exchange Summary -- Evaporator Condensate VI-13 VI-8 Extended Run Cation Exchange Regeneration... Liquor VI-19 VI-11 Extended Run Anion Exchange Regeneration -- Typical Elution Data VI-20 VII-1 Cation Exchange Selectivities V11-3 VII-2 Breakthrough

  17. 40th Annual Armament Systems: Guns-Ammunition-Rockets-Missiles Conference and Exhibition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-28

    Untitled Document 2005 40th Annual Armament Systems Guns Ammunition Rockets Missiles Conference.html[9/7/2016 1 :32:32 PM] 40th Annual Armament...International Session: Missles & Rockets Untitled Document 2005 40th Annual Armament Systems Guns Ammunition Rockets Missiles Conference.html[9/7/2016 1 :32:32...LTC Simon R. West, British Army, United Kingdom Defence Academy 1 :10 p.m. Session: Medium Caliber Systems Ammunition for the New Infantry Battelfield

  18. 2005 40th Annual Armament Systems Guns - Ammunition - Rockets - Missiles Conference and Exhibition. Volume 1: Tuesday

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-28

    Automated Ammunition Identification, Mr. David F. Pouliot, United Defense L. P. Design for Manufacturing & Assembly ( DFMA ), Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E... DFMA ) Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E Command Technology and Manufacturing Initiatives Mr. Dave Burkhardt, Enterprise Management Office, US Army ARDEC

  19. 2005 40th Annual Armament Systems: Guns - Ammunition - Rockets - Missiles Conference and Exhibition. Volume 3: Wednesday

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-28

    Automated Ammunition Identification, Mr. David F. Pouliot, United Defense L. P. Design for Manufacturing & Assembly ( DFMA ), Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E... DFMA ) Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E Command Technology and Manufacturing Initiatives Mr. Dave Burkhardt, Enterprise Management Office, US Army ARDEC

  20. 2005 40th Annual Armament Systems: Guns - Ammunition - Rockets - Missiles Conference and Exhibition. Volume 2: Wednesday

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-28

    Automated Ammunition Identification, Mr. David F. Pouliot, United Defense L. P. Design for Manufacturing & Assembly ( DFMA ), Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E... DFMA ) Mr. Steve Watts, US Army RD&E Command Technology and Manufacturing Initiatives Mr. Dave Burkhardt, Enterprise Management Office, US Army ARDEC

  1. Application of on-line HPLC-1H NMR to environmental samples: analysis of groundwater near former ammunition plants.

    PubMed

    Godejohann, M; Preiss, A; Mügge, C; Wünsch, G

    1997-09-15

    Coupling of HPLC to NMR was applied for the first time to the analysis of environmental samples, i.e., water samples from an ammunition hazardous waste site. Using the continuous flow mode at very low flow rates (< or = 0.017 mL/min) and large volume injection (400 microL), the confirmation of many nitroaromatic compounds could be achieved down to the microgram-per-liter level after solid phase extraction of a groundwater sample from a former ammunition production site. At a flow rate of 0.006 mL/min, it is possible to detect less than 29 nmol (5 micrograms) of 1,3-dinitrobenzene injected on a 75 mm x 4 mm reversed phase C-18 column (particle size, 5 microns). The results obtained by HPLC-NMR are compared to those obtained by HPLC-PDA (photodiode array) of the same sample, demonstrating that many more compounds can be identified by the former compared to the latter method as a result of coelution of major and minor components in the HPLC chromatogram.

  2. MIL-STD-398 Acceptance Test of Ammunition Peculiar Equipment (APE) 1974E002 Continuity Kit for M76 Grenade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    SMcAc.DEN C, 0 ! ). Savanna, IL 61074-9639 US ARMY ARMAMENT MUNITIONS EVALUATION DIVISION CHEMICAL COMMAND US ARMY DEFENSE AMMUNITION SAVANNA, ILLINOIS...USADACS). Evaluation Division (SMCAC-DEV), was tasked by the Equipment Division (SMCAC-DEN) to test the Ammunition Peculiar Equipment (APE) 1974E002...Equipment Division and approved by U.S. Army Materiel Command Field Safety Activity (AMCFSA). Charlestown, IN. The test plan defines the Maximum Credible

  3. Robotic conveyance of artillery projectiles for remote ammunition resupply operations

    SciTech Connect

    Ray, T.L.; Glassell, R.L.

    1995-07-01

    The U.S. Army`s Project Manager, Advanced Field Artillery System/Future Armored Resupply Vehicle has given Oak Ridge National Laboratory the task of developing a robotic conveyance system which will provide automated artillery ammunition transfer. This technology is currently being developed and will be demonstrated in the summer of 1995. This paper describes the development of an ammunition transfer arm to date. The arm consists of three sections and 6 D.F. which will allow the Future Armored Resupply Vehicle to dock and mate with the Advanced Field Artillery System on terrain varying from {+-}10{degrees} in pitch, yaw, and roll and will allow for alignment of the fuel and propellant transfer ports. This arm will deliver the ammunition to the AFAS, where it will be received by an automatic handling and storage system inside the AFAS.

  4. Canadian Ammunition Storage Magazines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    Ammunition Storage Magazines 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f...PROTECTIVE CONSTRUCTION, DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE, OTTAWA, CANADA. A B S T R A C T CanaiSXa’s ammunition storage magazines , designed by the...various requirements of safety, security, operation etc. employed in these magazines . Currently, 17 igloos have already been constructed and 11 others

  5. Ammunition Separator Tray.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-09-28

    TRAY ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A tray concept is used to stack rounds of ammunition in layers which alternate in direction. Maximum packing density is...achieved through use of separators which are 5 contoured on both sides with altering layering arrangement. The projectile end of the tray cavity is...open which allows the contents of the tray to be dumped into ammunition loading equipment. By making the trays of stiff plastic, it is possible to

  6. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Bossier and Webster Parishes, Louisiana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-06

    1975). Many of these were forest denizens and occurred in what is today northern Louisiana. Simpson (1945) indi- cates that the genus Tapirus ( tapirs ...Felines of North America. American Museum Novitates 1136:19-27. . 1945. Notes on Pleistocene and Recent Tapirs . Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural

  7. Engineering Guide for Fire Protection and Detection Systems at Army Ammunition Plants. Volume 1. Selection and Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    Zone InictigU-cnitsea uto igh a(fou nected to terminls 4, 5 and 6 (alarm at-uated). The trouble Modl ZU-6Zon InicaingU’ntseac unt hvin 8 our lamp...normally open aend normally closed contacts for push button . When :ttility power is restored, the unit wiln outo. Control of cupplegmentlry ettuipniont

  8. Demonstration Results for the Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Arden Hills, Minnesota

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    syringe filter and divided into two equal portions. One portion was acidified and analyzed for lead and 19 other cations. The other, unacidified portion...Millipore® syringe filter and analyzed for EDTA. The nine groundwater sample locations for the second sampling are designated by GW2-1 through GW2-9 on...through 0.45 micron NOTE: 1 mol EDTA = 1 mol NA2EDTA. Millipore® syringe filters upon (4) Obtained by dividing mg/L of Pb by the

  9. Biopolymer as an Alternative to Petroleum-based Polymers to Control Soil Erosion: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-01

    that results in a higher rate of carbon sequestration , nitrogen fixation (with nitrogen-fixing species such as clover), and greater soil stability...et al., 2001). In addition, the use of these materials acts as a carbon storehouse for readily biodegradable sugars that would otherwise be oxidized...Cabaniss et al., 2005; Decho, 7 2009; Goto et al., 2001). In addition, the use of these materials acts as a carbon storehouse for readily

  10. Pilot Test of Hot Gas Decontamination of Explosives-Contaminated Equipment at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HWAAP), Hawthorne, Nevada

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    Damper with Explosion-Proof Actuator 2,500 Instruments - Type J thermocouple with explosion-proof transmitter 300 - Annubar flow meter with explosion-proof...explosion-proof actuator 2,500 Instruments - Type J thermocouple with explosion-proof transmitter 300 - Annubar flow meter with explosion-proof transmitter

  11. Final Remedial Investigation Sampling Plan Addendum. Milan Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation Southern Study Area (Operable Unit No. 5)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-09-01

    inspection . "SH" Area located 150 feet south of Disposal Area "H" used as a surface burning/flashingarea for laboratory wastes and ordnance items. "J...burning pits were seen during the site inspection of this area. "L" Location of a diesel-fired incinerator that was used to burn the tracer from 40 mm...planned to address these areas. Other field activities will consist of documenting (mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection

  12. Rodent sperm analysis in field-based ecological risk assessment: pilot study at Ravenna army ammunition plant, Ravenna, Ohio.

    PubMed

    Tannenbaum, Lawrence V; Bazar, Matthew; Hawkins, Melanie S; Cornaby, Barney W; Ferguson, Elizabeth A; Chantelle Carroll, L; Ryan, Patrick F

    2003-01-01

    Ecological risk assessment (ERA) guidance recommends that field-truthing efforts proceed when modeled hazard quotients (HQs) suggest that toxicological effects are occurring to site receptors. To date, no field methods have been proposed by the regulatory community that can lead to definitive determinations of acceptable or unacceptable risk for birds and mammals, the two terrestrial classes of receptors that are commonly assessed using the HQ method. This paper describes rodent sperm analysis (RSA) as a viable method to be applied in the field at sites with historical contamination. RSA is capable of detecting biological differences that bear on reproduction, a highly regarded toxicological endpoint of concern in USEPA Superfund-type ERAs. The results of RSA's first application at a study site are reported and discussed. The paper also provides the rationale for RSA's efficacy in the context of Superfund and other environmental cleanup programs, where limited time and money are available to determine and evaluate the field condition.

  13. Evaluation of Rhizobium tropici-derived Biopolymer for Erosion Control of Protective Berms. Field Study: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    fly ash, and bitumen) and the non-traditional (e.g., lignosulfonates, enzymes, synthetic polymers, acids and fibers). These can be further broken...enzymes, lignosulfonates, and acids ) that impart a chemical change to the soil. Reactants are usually limited to specific soil types that are amenable...extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), a biopolymer (Gil-Serrano et al. 1990). Most of the Rhizobium EPS are polysaccharides containing glucuronic acid

  14. Prove-Out RAM Assessment Report for the 155 mm M483 LAP Line at Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-01

    loaded on the automatic powder feed system to be transferred and distributed to the proper loading system. This is an automatic car dispatching system...load manually into the hopper type buggies (25,000 cones per buggy). The buggies are transported via the driverless tractor system to the body...Delivered to individual assembly sys- tems by driverless tractor system as required and the tape stiffener assemblies are manually placed on circulating

  15. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the St. Louis Army Ammunition Plant, St. Louis County, Missouri.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-01

    Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri: A Compendium of History and Biography for Ready Reference. Louisville: Southern History Company. Cottier...Research Report No. 4. Peterson, Charles Emile. 1949. Colonial St. Louis: Buildina a Creole Capital. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society. Pfeiffer, John...Photograph Collections: The Sugar Loaf Mound Example. Missouri Archaeological Society Quarterly 1(1):16-17. 8.2 OTHER PERTINENT LITERATURE Bareis, Charles

  16. EVALUATION OF THE PROTOCOL FOR THE NATURAL ATTENUATION OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS: CASE STUDY AT THE TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT

    EPA Science Inventory

    At the request of staff in the EPA Regions, EPA?s Office of Research and Development carried out an independent evaluation of the Technical Protocol for Evaluating Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents in Ground Water (EPA/600/R-98/128). The Protocol was developed around c...

  17. Milan Army Ammunition Plant O-Line Ponds Area Focused Feasibility Study for Operable Unit One Groundwater Alternatives. Final Document

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-25

    2.1.3 Site Physloqraphy ar Top: 4sphv MAAP is in the Gulf Coastal Plain Physiographic Province. Figure 2-2 is a relief map depicting the relationship of...Sand of the Claiborne Group of Tertiary age in the Gulf Coastal Plain of western Tennessee. Figures 2-3a and 2-3b show a roughly east-west geologic cross...stratigraphic units to physiographic regions in Tennessee. MAAP lies within the coastal plain province of the Mississippi Embayment, west of the

  18. Results of Aquatic Ecological Surveys at Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant, Lawrence, Kansas. Part I. Macroinvertebrates and Water Quality.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-07-01

    invertebrate box samplers riffles, and from dip-net and hand collections. Fauna from the creeks was predominately riffle beetles, caddisflies , and...mayflies; caddisflies and mayflies were the most abundant species in the rock-filled baskets from the river. Blackfly larvae were predominant in Spoon

  19. Combustion of Anthracite-Bituminous Coal Blends in a Spreader Stoker Boiler at Holston Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-01

    also supplying heat to the boiler for rapid load changes . 9 :3 *.. c Is td b o bo~t L.bec c l * 41 j-- 0U ic u to ’Uz in 0. 00. 0 0 cO-~ c v 0 W 04~ m 0...continuity between different boiler operators. Once the desired test steam load was reached in the morning and the ash bed on the grates was established...ferent percentages of anthracite and bituminous in the blend at different operating loads on the boiler . Blends of 15, 22, 30 and 42 percent anthracite

  20. EVALUATION OF THE PROTOCOL FOR THE NATURAL ATTENUATION OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS: CASE STUDY AT THE TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT

    EPA Science Inventory

    At the request of staff in the EPA Regions, EPA?s Office of Research and Development carried out an independent evaluation of the Technical Protocol for Evaluating Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents in Ground Water (EPA/600/R-98/128). The Protocol was developed around c...

  1. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Hawkins and Sullivan Counties, Tennessee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-25

    chert, or flint, used in the production of stone tools. Sinkholes and limestone depressions are often sites for early aboriginal occupations and chart...early fall. Average yearly precipitation is 44.3 inches. The lowest totlal rainfall was recorded at 29.3 inches in 1941, the highest being 53.0 inches...minimal amount of information available, we can speak only of the kinds of cultural patterns, regularities, and laws that might be induced from

  2. Modified blank ammunition injuries.

    PubMed

    Ogunc, Gokhan I; Ozer, M Tahir; Coskun, Kagan; Uzar, Ali Ihsan

    2009-12-15

    Blank firing weapons are designed only for discharging blank ammunition cartridges. Because they are cost-effective, are easily accessible and can be modified to live firearms plus their unclear legal situation in Turkish Law makes them very popular in Turkey. 2004 through 2008, a total of 1115 modified blank weapons were seized in Turkey. Blank firing weapons are easily modified by owners, making them suitable for discharging live firearm ammunition or modified blank ammunitions. Two common methods are used for modification of blank weapons. After the modification, these weapons can discharge the live ammunition. However, due to compositional durability problems with these types of weapons; the main trend is to use the modified blank ammunitions rather than live firearm ammunition fired from modified blank firing weapons. In this study, two types of modified blank weapons and two types of modified blank cartridges were tested on three different target models. Each of the models' shooting side was coated with 1.3+/-2 mm thickness chrome tanned cowhide as a skin simulant. The first model was only coated with skin simulant. The second model was coated with skin simulant and 100% cotton police shirt. The third model was coated with skin simulant and jean denim. After the literature evaluation four high risky anatomic locations (the neck area; the eyes; the thorax area and inguinal area) were pointed out for the steel and lead projectiles are discharged from the modified blank weapons especially in close range (0-50 cm). The target models were designed for these anatomic locations. For the target models six Transparent Ballistic Candle blocks (TCB) were prepared and divided into two test groups. The first group tests were performed with lead projectiles and second group with steel projectile. The shortest penetration depth (lead projectile: 4.358 cm; steel projectile 8.032 cm) was recorded in the skin simulant and jean denim coated block for both groups. In both groups

  3. U.S. Marine Corps Containerized Ammunition Systems Study (1985-1995).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-07-01

    essential MHE tasks at each node and for trans - portation between nodes. Information on alternatives to FLS equipment items is compiled from Army and Air...transported from the beach to an am- munition storage area within an established CSSA, with further trans - shipment to ASPs, when established. Issue of...AMMUNITION SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS 7 ’S. 1% For the Marine Air Wing, heavy payload vehicles are required to trans - port bulk palletized Navy ammunition

  4. Primer Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-01

    squared ksi thousand pounds per square inch m meter mm millimeter MPa MegaPascal ms millisecond m/ s meters per second No. number N- s Newton ...ARL-TR-7479 ● SEP 2015 US Army Research Laboratory Primer Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition...Output and Initial Projectile Motion for 5.56- and 7.62-mm Ammunition by John J Ritter and Richard A Beyer Weapons and Materials Research

  5. Smart crane ammunition transfer system

    SciTech Connect

    Bradley, E.C.; Killough, S.M.; Rowe, J.C.

    1995-03-01

    The purpose of the Smart Crane Ammunition Transfer System (SCATS) project is to demonstrate robotic/telerobotic controls technology for a mobile articulated crane for missile/ munitions handling, delivery, and reload. Missile resupply and reload have been manually intensive operations up to this time. Currently, reload missiles are delivered by truck to the site of the launcher. A crew of four to five personnel reloads the missiles from the truck to the launcher using a hydraulic-powered crane. The missiles are handled carefully for the safety of the missiles and personnel. Numerous steps are required in the reload process and the entire reload operation can take over 1 h for some missile systems. Recent U.S. Army directives require the entire operation to be accomplished in a fraction of that time. Current requirements for the development of SCATS are being based primarily on reloading Patriot missiles. The planned development approach will integrate robotic control and sensor technology with a commercially available hydraulic articulated crane. SCATS is being developed with commercially available hardware as much as possible. Development plans include adding a 3-D.F. end effector with a grapple to the articulating crane; closed-loop position control for the crane and end effector; digital microprocessor control of crane functions; simplified operator interface; and operating modes which include rectilinear movement, obstacle avoidance, and partial automated operation. The planned development will include progressive technology demonstrations. Ultimate plans are for this technology to be transferred and utilized in the military fielding process.

  6. Aviation Ammunition (Selected Chapters)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-01

    special molds. The compressed blocks are encased in binding paste and placed in the ammunition shell. The separate- char - ging method of filling allows... compressibility and different density and strength . In explosion of an explosive charge in any medium, a sharp impact of expanding explosion products...properties of the media (different compressibility , density and strength ). The problem of the penetration of bodies into media is posed as follows: assume

  7. Ammunition Shortages Experienced in Operation Iraqi Freedom -- Causes and Solutions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    warfighting and Defense Planning Guidance mandated responsibilities throughout the world. When the training and testing requirement is added to this number...soldiers were not training to standard or the training ammunition was coming from somewhere else. According to the Army G4 and others, the training...t . it iliti ti . I t r t r ( iliti ti Capacity W/ Facilitization 4 C tg s in B C tg s in B Lake City 12 The reason for the 2

  8. Development of an automated ammunition processing system for battlefield use

    SciTech Connect

    Speaks, D.M.; Chesser, J.B.; Lloyd, P.D.; Miller, E.D.; Ray, T.L.; Weil, B.S.

    1995-03-01

    The Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) will be the companion ammunition resupply vehicle to the Advanced Field Artillery System (AFAS). These systems are currently being investigated by the US Army for future acquisition. The FARV will sustain the AFAS with ammunition and fuel and will significantly increase capabilities over current resupply vehicles. Currently ammunition is transferred to field artillery almost entirely by hand. The level of automation to be included into the FARV is still under consideration. At the request of the US Army`s Project Manager, AFAS/FARV, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and evaluated various concepts for the automated upload, processing, storage, and delivery equipment for the FARV. ORNL, working with the sponsor, established basic requirements and assumptions for concept development and the methodology for concept selection. A preliminary concept has been selected, and the associated critical technologies have been identified. ORNL has provided technology demonstrations of many of these critical technologies. A technology demonstrator which incorporates all individual components into a total process demonstration is planned for late FY 1995.

  9. Conversion of Army Heating Plants to Coal: Three Case Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Coal gasification 180 plant Fl uid bed boilers 156 (coal fired) 38 APPENDIX A TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF COAL CONVERSION AT REDSTONE...Totzek Coal Gasification Process 54 4 Steam Demand Versus Steam Capacity - Plant 4725 5 Steam Demand Versus Steam Capacity - Plant 3624 5 View North...advanced coal gasification grocess is the Koppers-Totzek system, shown schemati- cally in Figure 3.b Ducting, burner, and control modifications

  10. Application of a Bimetallic Treatment System (BTS) for PCB Removal from Older Structures on DoD Facilities. Cost and Performance Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    Sealants ..................................................................................................... 9 3.3 Ease of implementation...13 4.2 Badger Army Ammunition Plant...16 5.2.2 Badger Army Ammunition Plant

  11. The criminal purchase of firearm ammunition

    PubMed Central

    Tita, G E; Braga, A A; Ridgeway, G; Pierce, G L

    2006-01-01

    Objective Laws that prohibit certain individuals from owning firearms also pertain to ammunition. Whereas retail sales of firearms to criminals are regularly disrupted by instant background checks, sales of ammunition are essentially unchecked and the rate at which criminals acquire ammunition is unknown. This research describes the ammunition market and estimates the rate at which criminals are acquiring ammunition. Design Criminal background checks conducted on individuals purchasing ammunition in the City of Los Angeles in April and May 2004. Setting Los Angeles, CA, USA. Subjects Ammunition purchasers. Main outcome measures Criminal activity that prohibits one from owning, purchasing, or possessing ammunition. Results 2.6% (95% CI 1.9% to 3.2%) of ammunition purchasers had a prior felony conviction or another condition that prohibited them from possessing ammunition. During the study period prohibited possessors purchased 10 050 rounds of ammunition in Los Angeles. Conclusions These estimates suggest that monitoring ammunition transactions may help reduce the supply of ammunition to criminals and the frequency of injuries from felonious gun assaults. Such a record can also provide information for generating leads on illegal firearm possession. PMID:17018671

  12. The criminal purchase of firearm ammunition.

    PubMed

    Tita, G E; Braga, A A; Ridgeway, G; Pierce, G L

    2006-10-01

    Laws that prohibit certain individuals from owning firearms also pertain to ammunition. Whereas retail sales of firearms to criminals are regularly disrupted by instant background checks, sales of ammunition are essentially unchecked and the rate at which criminals acquire ammunition is unknown. This research describes the ammunition market and estimates the rate at which criminals are acquiring ammunition. Criminal background checks conducted on individuals purchasing ammunition in the City of Los Angeles in April and May 2004. Los Angeles, CA, USA. Ammunition purchasers. Criminal activity that prohibits one from owning, purchasing, or possessing ammunition. 2.6% (95% CI 1.9% to 3.2%) of ammunition purchasers had a prior felony conviction or another condition that prohibited them from possessing ammunition. During the study period prohibited possessors purchased 10,050 rounds of ammunition in Los Angeles. These estimates suggest that monitoring ammunition transactions may help reduce the supply of ammunition to criminals and the frequency of injuries from felonious gun assaults. Such a record can also provide information for generating leads on illegal firearm possession.

  13. Solid Waste Incineration at Lima Army Tank Plant, OH

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Original Cofiring Design The cofiring system originally envisioned by Lima (Figure 3) consists of a shredder, a hammermill , a magnetic separator, two belt...material to the boilers. Based on experience at the G.M. plant, a hammermill would be capable of achieving the required waste size reduction. However...shredder sales representatives and Schmidt Assoc. indicate that the power consumption required for a small hammermill would be excessive. Two rotating disk

  14. Conversion of Army heating plants to coal: three case studies. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Singer, R.; Collishaw, A.

    1982-03-01

    This study reports the results of three site-specific engineering studies to convert main heating plants to coal as a fuel. The Army installations examined were Redstone Arsenal, AL; Picatinny Arsenal, NJ; and the U.S. Military Academy (West Point) in New York. Each of these installations formerly fired coal and was converted to fuel oil about two decades ago. Researchers considered application of both current and advanced coal systems, which included direct combustion (either in suspension or on a grate), production and firing of low- and high-Btu coal-derived gas, and production and use of coal-derived liquid fuel. Both rehabilitation and replacement of plants were considered. Capital investment and annual operating costs are reported for alternative conversions. The report concludes that all three installations should change from fuel oil to coal based on the economics presented. The report recommends: that Redstone Arsenal rehabilitate and reconvert its boilers to fire coal; that Picatinny Arsenal build a new fluid bed boiler plant to replace the existing oil-fired plant; and that West Point build at a new location a coal-fired plant to replace the existing plant.

  15. Army Workload and Performance System: Actions Needed to Complete Assessment of Unnecessary Overlap with Logistics Modernization Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    leadership at two life cycle management commands (Aviation and Missile Command and Joint Munitions Command), three maintenance depots ( Anniston Army...timely response to mobilizations, contingencies, or other emergencies. 10 U.S.C. § 2464. 19The 15 AMC industrial sites are Anniston Army Depot... Anniston Defense Munitions Center, Blue Grass Army Depot, Corpus Christi Army Depot, Crane Army Ammunition Activity, Letterkenny Army Depot, Letterkenny

  16. Ecotoxicity of nitroaromatics to aquatic and terrestrial species at Army Superfund sites

    SciTech Connect

    Hovatter, P.S.; Talmage, S.S.; Opresko, D.M.; Ross, R.H.

    1997-09-01

    Nitroaromatic compounds, including 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, RDX, HMX, tetryl, and associated degradation products, are released into the environment during the manufacturing, loading, packing, and assembling of munitions at US Army Ammunition Plants. With the exception of 2A46DNT, nitroaromatic compounds are more toxic to freshwater fishes than to freshwater invertebrates. Rainbow trout are the most sensitive test species with LC{sub 50} values ranging from 0.43 to 6.4 mg/L for TNT, RDX, and HMX. These compounds produce negative effects on reproductive endpoints in terrestrial mammals at doses >1 mg/kg/day. Limited data indicate that nitroaromatics are not toxic to terrestrial plants and soil invertebrates. Additional studies need to be undertaken to completely characterize the toxicity of these compounds; however, the criteria and screening benchmarks presented in this paper can be used to assess the risks to indigenous flora and fauna at Army Superfund sites.

  17. Safe Separation Tests of Composition A-7 Explosive in 165-Pound Tote Bins

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-10-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP), Kingsport , Tennessee , Newport Army Ammunition Plant (NAAP), Newport, Indiana and such new facilities as may be...IL 61201 Commander 40-41 Holston Army Ammunition Plant Kingsport , TN 37660 3-1 * r Ü I k ft y ...production line at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant spacings greater than 130 feet are unacceptable because

  18. Feasibility of Using Natural Attenuation as a Remedial Alternative for Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater at Site L1, Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Joliet, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-01

    determination. During sampling Round 3, a sample from each well was assayed for picric acid. In order to increase confidence in observed trends in the data...nitrotoluene (2NT), m-nitrotoluene (3NT), and p-nitrotoluene (4NT). All of these analytes except for the mononitrotoluenes were assayed . In addition...azoxy compounds. All of these analytes were assayed except for the isomeric azoxy compounds. Standards were available for 14 Chapter 3 Groundwater

  19. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive in Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater at Longhorn Army Ammunitions Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    6.4.1 Groundwater Modeling .........................................................21 6.5 FIELD TESTING...vegetable oil FFA Federal Facility Agreement ft feet Geosyntec Geosyntec Consultants gpm gallons per minute GW groundwater ITRC Interstate...points of comparison with the EISB approaches. The cost model focused on treatment of a contaminated plume of groundwater and did not include costs for

  20. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive In Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater at Longhorn Army Ammunitions Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    LAYOUT OF TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS ...............19 6.4.1 Groundwater Modeling .........................................................21 6.5 FIELD ...perchlorate in situ in source areas, or in groundwater as it pass through a linear biobarrier system; and 4) has the ability to treat co- contaminants such...in the deep zone to 37 ft/year in the shallow and intermediate zones. 5.3 CONTAMINANT DISTRIBUTION Groundwater in the vicinity of the Site 16

  1. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive In Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater (Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    was removed. All of the production activities at the LHAAP could have contributed to the material disposed of in Site 16. TNT wastewater ash was...concentrations were determined by HPLC (Shimadzu, Model: SPD-10A), equipped with UV-VIS detector, at a wavelength of 210 nm using a HL-75H+ cation

  2. Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place and Contractor. Part 8 (Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Indiana - Dorsey, Maryland), FY1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    11ICI00) 1I 44444 44 44 ɜ 1 1 00) II In n o I L) In I CS N 0) II 000 II (0(0(0(0(00 4 zz Z ZZ 4 ZZ Zzlccllz~e rIO - go -4 -ci--INNC1 N -4-4-4-4.-I -4-4 NN... DoCe < cli woof= MC4 It Mct co" w OCCO,fluc>000000<>OC z c/)C)C)z 1-4 0 CLc>OOc>Z 0 1.- clH E I M Be z 0 I.L. z CL is C 1 03 -f Ito a x cc on0 L) 1-1 0

  3. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    columns to eliminate photodegradation processes). Controlled tension (vacuum) was applied equally at the bottom of each soil column across the controlled...Environmental Science and Engineering; Gainesville, FL. (32) Ghodrati, M. and W.A. Jury. 1990. A field study using dyes to characterize preferential flow

  4. Automation Study for Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant Hand Held Signal Flight Assembly, Rocket Barrel Assembly, 40 MM Signal, Final Packaging/Pack-Out, and Star Finishing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-01

    reject the assembly presently at that station. If proper operation did occur, the assembly will then move to the next station. NOTE ALTERNATE METHOD: An... alternate method would be to use the existing pre-cut spacers and use a feeder bowl to feed the spacers to the section cutting unit. A feeder bowl...not present. If these conditions do not occur, the control system will reject the assembly presently at that station. NOTE ALTERNATE METHOD: An

  5. Demonstration plan for phytoremediation of explosive-contaminated groundwater in constructed wetlands at Milan Army Ammunition Plant Milan Tennessee. Volume 2. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Behrends, L.; Sikora, F.; Kelly, D.; Coonrod, S.; Rogers, B.

    1996-01-01

    To demonstrate at Milan AAP in April 1996 through July 1997, the technical and economic feasibility of using phytoremediation in an artificial constructed wetlands for treatment of explosives-contaminated groundwater. Validated data on cost and effectiveness of this demonstration will be used to transfer this technology to the user community.

  6. Energy Conservation Investment Program, FY95 Limited Energy Study Area B Nitric Acid Production Facilities Holston Army Ammunition Plant Kingsport, Tennessee.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    Opportunities (ECO’s). ECO’s were analyzed for suitability for the Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) using the government’s software package called Life Cycle Cost in Design (LCCID).

  7. Tertiary Treatment of Effluent from Holston AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) Industrial Liquid Waste Treatment Facility. 4. Ultraviolet Radiation and Hydrogen Peroxide Studies: TNT, RDX, HMX, TAX, and SEX

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    AAP Technical Report INDUSTRIAL LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY Feb 1983 - Aug 1983 IV. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE 1. PERPnRUINe ORO ...ultraviolet light. The production of nitrate-nitrogen and loss of total organic carbon was reportedly indicative of the mineralization of TNT. 5...Treatment of Effluent from Holston AAP Industrial Liquid Waste Treatment Facility. II. Corona Oxidation Studies: TNT, RDX, HMX, TAX, and SEX. Technical

  8. Pilot test of hot-gas decontamination of explosives-contaminated equipment at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP), Hawthorne, Nevada. Final report, May 88-Jun 90

    SciTech Connect

    Mazelon, M.; Johnson, N.; Cosmos, M.; Marks, P.

    1990-06-01

    This report outlines the operational aspects of a pilot study which evaluated the feasibility of Hot Gas Decontamination of Explosives-Contaminated Equipment. Nine test runs were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Hot Gas Treatment on test items contaminated with TNT; one test run was conducted to evaluate ammonium picrate. The results of the pilot study indicate that a minimum temperature of 500 F and a residence time of 6 hours are required to effectively decontaminate test items contaminated with TNT. Operating conditions of 600 F for 48 hours are sufficient to treat items contaminated with ammonium picrate. Conditions apply to the system at HWAAP. Should modifications be made to the system to increase the overall efficiency these conditions will change. Stack test results indicate that the DRE for TNT exceeds 99.99 percent when sufficient levels are emitted from the flash chamber. Based on results of the pilot study, test items that are treated for 6 hours at a minimum temperature of 500 F are safe for public release as scrap. Items treated in the prescribed manner are not considered characteristically hazardous and are appropriate for disposal or potentially for resale as scrap. Treated test items constructed of steel and aluminum that have no intricate or mechanical components should be appropriate for reuse in manufacturing or handling operations.

  9. Pilot Test of Hot Gas Decontamination of Explosives-Contaminated Equipment at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HWAAP), Hawthorne, Nevada. Appendices. Revision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    117-15 and allowed to air dry. A.2 Ammonium picrate spiking procedures. A homogenous liquid solution (i.e., no solid ammonium picrate) was used to...spiking, a batch solution was made to spi)e all test equipment. Forty grams of ammonium picrate were added to 2400 mL of acetone; 300 mL of the homogenous...water to remove residual ammonium picrate. The rinsate was iddad to the equipment. This resulted in a spike of 5 grams of ammonium picrate for each piece

  10. Economic Evaluation of Carbon Adsorption/Ion Exchange Wastewater Treatment Options for Sunflower AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) NQ (Nitroguanidine) Wastewater Treatment Facility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-31

    recirculation pumps were calculated on the basis of the above flow rates and dynamic head requirements. -10 The feed preheater uses the combined condensate...Pumps and Filters 3,615 2 7,230 3.38 24,437 70 gpn, 801 TDH , 3 HP TEFC motor; rubber Lined pump and fitter housing; PP fitter elements. T-103 Feed...3.38 40,053 140 gpm, 40’ TDH , 5 HP TEFC motor; ". %- rubber Lined pump, fitter and piping; - -. two required, one as installed spare

  11. Biological Treatment of Composition B Wastewaters. 2. Analysis of Performance of Holston Army Ammunition Plant Wastewater Treatment Facility, January 1985 through August 1986

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-18

    hexamethylenetetramine ) to raise the COD to a level projected for HSAAP combined wastewater following water conservation modificatiol:s. The present aerobic...nonbiodegradable portion of the influent COD, 5 to 8 mg/L can be attributed to nitramines, while much of the rest may be due to hexamethylenetetramine (hexamine

  12. 27 CFR 478.119 - Importation of ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... feeding devices. 478.119 Section 478.119 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL... AMMUNITION Importation § 478.119 Importation of ammunition feeding devices. (a) No ammunition feeding device... of such device. (b) For purposes of this section, an “ammunition feeding device” is a magazine, belt...

  13. Evolving the Army’s Government-Owned Contractor-Operated (GOCO) Facilities Business Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-11

    two are GOGOs, Tooele Army Depot ( TEAD ) and Anniston Army Depot (ANAD), and the other two are GOCO‟s, Hawthorne Army Ammunition (HWAAD) and Holston...Making-the-Military-More-Efficient. (accessed January 27, 2011) 15 Kathy Anderson, “ TEAD Participates in Special Installation Pilot Study”, May 26...2010 http://www.army.mil/-news/2010/05/26/39847- tead -participates-in-special-installation-pilot-study/ (accessed February, 27 2011) 16 Ibid. 21

  14. Phytoremediation of Composition-B Derived TNT and RDX in Herbaceous Plant-vegetated and Bare Lysimeters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    significant variable with the 218 mg kg-1 samples showing a mean biomass of 76 + 33 and the rest of the samples a mean of 171 + 58 pmole g-1 soil-dry...K. Lane. 2006. Effects, transfer, and fate of RDX from aged soil in plants and worms. Chemosphere 62: 616-625. Best, E. P. H., G. Kvesitadze, G...the Milan Army Ammunition Plant in aquatic and wetland plant treatments. Uptake and fate of TNT and RDX in plants. Chemosphere 39: 2057-2072. Bhadra

  15. Ammunition Accidents -- Their Causes, Investigation and Prevention

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-08-01

    24TH DOD EXPLOSIVES SAFETY SEMINAR ADAM’S MARK HOTEL, ST LOUIS, MISSOURI - - 28-30 AUGUST 1990 AMMUNITION ACCIDENTS - THEIR CAUSES , INVESTIGATION...to prevent the re-occurrence of accidents. A video 2ntitled "The Stupidity Factor" (14 mins) which illustrates the causes sf typical ammunition... Causes , Investigation and Prevention 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK

  16. Analysis of Naval Ammunition Stock Positioning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    a solution for the allocation of the stock 8 between bases, the goal of this model is not to find an optimal solution , but to simulate the...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT ANALYSIS OF NAVAL AMMUNITION STOCK POSITIONING...professional report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ANALYSIS OF NAVAL AMMUNITION STOCK POSITIONING 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) David Sharp and Eric

  17. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4403 and 4404, view towards the north without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4403, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  18. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4404 and 4405, view towards the north without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  19. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4404 and 4405, view towards the north with scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  20. Oblique view of front (east) and south sides of ammunition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of front (east) and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4403 and 4404, view towards the northwest without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4403, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  1. Energy audit of Army Industrial Facility (EEAP), Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Building 4, Warren, Michigan; executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1985-09-27

    The Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant is located in Warren, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. The Detroit Arsenal, of which the tank plant is a part, is the headquarters for U.S. Army Tank Automotive Command (TACOM). The total facility has 105 buildings. The tank plant, Building 4, is the largest at 1,114,000 square feet. Since energy costs have risen dramatically from 1973 and future projections indicate that these costs will continue to rise, energy conservation measures need to be implemented to hold down the operating costs of the facility. Building 4 at the Detroit Arsenal has many varied environmental and process systems that offer the possibility of energy conservation opportunities to be identified, quantified and offered for consideration for implementation through an energy conservation analysis.

  2. High power microwave hazard facing smart ammunitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohl, J.

    1995-03-01

    The battle field of the present and even more the one in future will be characterized by the use of weapon systems with a high degree of electronics, computers, and sensors, designed and built to keep not only the man out of the loop. But the higher the technology used for smart weapon systems, the more these systems are endangered by numerous sources of hazard. One of those sources is the threat caused by induced or natural electromagnetic fields. These threat factors can be generated by natural, civil and military environment. In principle there are two main applications which must be considered in military applications: Firstly, weapon systems, that is, high power microwave sources as well as intelligent electromagnetic radiation systems to defeat ammunition on the battle field and secondly, the hardening of the own smart ammunition systems and missiles against the interference sources created by the different types of electromagnetic fields. This report will discuss the possible electromagnetic coupling effects on smart ammunition and missiles and their typical interference caused on the electronics and sensor level. Real time 6-DOF simulations show the flight mission which may be compromised depending on the coupled electromagnetic fields. The German MOD has established a research program where smart ammunitions with different seeker systems are investigated in respect of the coupling effects on smart ammunition caused by high power microwaves. This program considers all available resources and know how in Germany. The systems are investigated by analytical, numerical, and experimental methods with passive and activated missiles.

  3. Radiological survey of Seneca Army Depot. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Morrissey, J.A.; Maloney, J.C.

    1986-01-01

    A radiological survey was conducted by the U.S. Army RADCON Team on a row of 11 ammunition storage bunkers located at Seneca Army Depot, Romulus, NY. These bunkers had been utilized for the storage of uranium ore (pitchblende) during the Manhattan Project. Low levels of radioactive contamination were measured in and about the structures with radiac instruments, and supporting laboratory measurements were made of air, water, and soil radioactive concentrations. These data were used to plan and execute appropriate site measures.

  4. Steel Ammunition Bins, MIL-STD-l66O Tests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-03-01

    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on steel ammunition bins with newly-designed plywood lids for use in the...transportation of hazardous waste. This report contains test results of the steel ammunition bins with plywood lids meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, test procedures.

  5. Cold Regions Test of Indirect Fire Weapons Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-08

    comparison with test item is on hand. Inspect all test ammunition shipping containers for com- pleteness, general condition, and damage. Record all lot numbers and...insure that the temperature of the ammunition components are at near ambient. During this period ammunition lot numbers and serial numbers will be

  6. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...

  7. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...

  8. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...

  9. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...

  10. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...

  11. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  12. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  13. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  14. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  15. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  16. Minimum Non-Propagation Distance for 76.2 kg (168 lb) of Flake TNT in Interconnecting Building Ramps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-11-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kingsport , Tennessee , to handle TNT in flake condition. A test...Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARHO-E 1 Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 Director U.S. Army Industrial Base... plant conditions at Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kinsport, Tennessee . The test results show that the minimum

  17. Global Demands: Limited Forces. US Army Deployment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    space lot tirve. hence a rlassical moble defense is !uled out. in Eur ope, one finds not only a lack of geostrategic depth but also an understandable...fuel and ammunition require- ments, putting greater reliance on technology ; Clausewitz-like "friction" always diminishes expected performance...34 Moreover, as General Donald R. Keith has said, " Technology won’t save us if we don’t field it." 18 One serious drain on Army resources is POMCUS-prepo

  18. Ammunition Resupply Model. Volume 1. Methodology and User’s Manual.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    11111~ 0.8u 1111- L 1321 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI CHART N A T I O N A4 L 6R Ll 0 1 A .I K . MAY 1983 CAORA/TR-6/83 ACN 65676 _ AMMUNITION RESUPPLY MODEL...D IL DIRECTORATE OF STUDIES AND ANALYSIS-_J i __.COMBINED ARMS OPERATIONS RESEARCH ACTIVITY FORT LEAVENWORTH, KS 66027 83-404f APPROVED FOR PUBLIC...Directorate of Studies and Analysis, US Army Combined Arms Studies and Analysis Activity, Ft. Leavenworth, KS . MRM was developed to operate in parallel with a

  19. Tombs, tunnels, and terraces a cultural resources survey of a former ammunition supply point in Okinawa, Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Verhaaren, B. T.; Levenson, J. B.; Komine, G.

    2000-02-09

    U.S. forces serving at military bases on foreign soil are obligated to act as good stewards of the cultural and natural resources under their control. However, cultural resources management presents special challenges at U.S. bases in other countries where cultural properties laws differ in emphasis and detail from those in the United States and issues of land ownership and occupancy are not always clear. Where status of forces agreements (SOFAs) exist, environmental governing standards bridge the gap between U.S. and host nation cultural priorities. In Japan, the Department of Defense Japan Environmental Governing Standards (JEGS) fill this function. Under Criteria 12-4.2 and 12-4.3 of the JEGS, U.S. Forces Japan commit themselves to inventory and protect cultural properties found on the lands they control or use. Cultural properties include archaeological sites, tombs, historic buildings, and shrines. Natural monuments, such as landscape features or plant and animal species, may also be designated as cultural properties. As part of this commitment, in February 1999 a cultural resources inventory was conducted in Area 1, part of Kadena Air Base (AB), Okinawa, Japan. Area 1, the former U.S. army Ammunition Supply Point 1, is currently used primarily for training exercises and recreational paint ball.

  20. Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) concept evaluation study. Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Babcock, S.M.; Watkin, D.C.; Oliver, R.P.

    1992-06-01

    The Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) is an initiative to introduce a palletized load system (PLS) that is transportable with an automated ammunition processing and storage system for use on the battlefield. System proponents have targeted a 20% increase in the ammunition processing rate over the current operation while simultaneously reducing the total number of assigned field artillery battalion personnel by 30. The overall objective of the FAAPS Project is the development and demonstration of an improved process to accomplish these goals. The initial phase of the FAAPS Project and the subject of this study is the FAAPS concept evaluation. The concept evaluation consists of (1) identifying assumptions and requirements, (2) documenting the process flow, (3) identifying and evaluating technologies available to accomplish the necessary ammunition processing and storage operations, and (4) presenting alternative concepts with associated costs, processing rates, and manpower requirements for accomplishing the operation. This study provides insight into the achievability of the desired objectives.

  1. Uncooled Producer Gas for Ketene Manufacture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT HOLSTON DEFENSE CORPORATION KINGSPORT . TENNESSEE 37662 MARCH 1984 U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND...ADDRESS Holston Army Ammunition Plant Holston Defense Corporation Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT, TASK AREA 4 WORK UNIT...Producer 27 Process, Holston Army Ammunition Plant C Experimental: Baseline

  2. 6. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). AERIAL VIEW OF BUILDING 1611. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. 'THIS IS THE HONEST JOHN WARHEAD DEMILITARIZATION PLANT. THE DEMILITARIZATION PROCESS CONSISTS OF STRIPPING AND OPENING THE WARHEAD MANUALLY AND DOWNLOADING THE M139 BOMBLETS ONTO A CONVEYOR WHICH CARRIES THEM THROUGH A PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE MACHINE INTO A ROTARY RETORT DEACTIVATION FURNACE WHERE THE BURSTER IS BURNED. THE BOMBLET SHELLS, WHICH ARE ALUMINUM, ARE THEN CONVEYED TO A DECONTAMINATION FURNACE WHERE THEY ARE MELTED AND CAST INTO INGOTS. THE GB, WHICH IS COLLECTED IN THE PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE MACHINE, IS CONDUCTED TO A STORAGE TANK AND, ULTIMATELY, IS NEUTRALIZED ... - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Ammunition Demolition Building-Tail Fin Storage & Assembly, 2750 feet South of Ninth Avenue; 3480 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  3. Demonstration of the smart crane ammunition transfer system

    SciTech Connect

    Bradley, E.C.; Killough, S.M.; Rowe, J.C.

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of the Smart Crane Ammunition Transfer System (SCATS) project is to demonstrate robotic/telerobotic controls technology for a mobile articulated crane for missile/munitions handling, delivery, and reload. Missile resupply and reload have been manually intensive operations up to this time. Currently, reload missiles are delivered by truck to the site of the launcher. A crew of four to five personnel reloads the missiles from the truck to the launcher using a hydraulic-powered crane. The missiles are handled carefully for the safety of the missiles and personnel. Numerous steps are required in the reload process and the entire reload operation can take over an hour for some missile systems. Recent US Army directives require the entire operation to be accomplished in a fraction of that time. Current development of SCATS is being based primarily on reloading Patriot missiles. This paper summarizes the current status of the SCATS project at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Additional information on project background and requirements has been described previously (Bradley, et al., 1995).

  4. Device capable small arms ammunition for unmanned systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergeron, Noah P.; Sweeney, John W.; Wilson, Chester G.

    2010-04-01

    The design of current small arms ammunition requires the use of radial and lateral accelerations to permit the inclusion of current Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). Research at Louisiana Tech's Institute for Micromanufacturing into equipping small arms with MEMS technology has led to the development of a new type of small arms system. This ammunition is able to accelerate outside of its barrel, thereby decreasing the required acceleration for a specified maximum velocity. Additionally, the design of this ammunition eliminates the lateral accelerations typically required to stabilize current small arms ammunition, and permits the inclusion of non-metallic barrels and other components. A review of the current design and performance standards of this ammunition is presented, along with the current MEMS technology being tested for inclusion into this ammunition. A review of new armament systems, capabilities, and applications as a result of these advances is also presented.

  5. A Study of Slovenian Armed Forces Ammunition Forecasting Methodology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    purpose of this research is to investigate Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) ammunition forecasting methods and determine if the current planning method can...documents. The research shows that current planning methods do not support SAF ammunition forecasting for future operations. Guidance for future projects...of this research is to investigate Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) ammunition forecasting methods and determine if the current planning method can and

  6. Environmental Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    time (time lapse from primer strike to projectile exit from the weapon) and to make it suitable for use in the extreme temperature environment required...time between the initial contact of the weapon firing pin against the primer and the exit of the projectile from the muzzle. It is often considered the...compared to the standard lead styphnate baseline. All tests were conducted with a 119-mg WC844 (5.56-mm M855 ammunition caliber ball powder) propellant

  7. Environmentally Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-31

    patented MIC was made by adding gas generate(s) to meet action time (time lapse from primer strike to projectile exit from the weapon) and to make it...pin against the primer and the exit of the projectile from the muzzle. It is often considered the most significant functional performance...WC844 (5.56mm M855 ammunition caliber ball powder) propellant charge. 26 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Figure 16

  8. Injuries caused by fragmenting rifle ammunition.

    PubMed

    Jorgensen, Jorgen Joakim; Naess, Paal Aksel; Gaarder, Christine

    2016-09-01

    Although penetrating injuries are encountered on a regular basis in high volume trauma centres, most civilian trauma teams will be unfamiliar with the treatment of patients with injuries caused by fragmenting ammunition. The terrorist attacks in Norway on July 22, 2011 included a shooting spree causing 69 deaths and 60 injured. One of the weapons used was a semi-automatic rifle, calibre 5.56mm, with soft tip, short stop ammunition. The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristic injury patterns and lessons learned from the treatment of multiple patients admitted at the regional trauma centre with injuries from this type of ammunition. We undertook an observational study of patients admitted at Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval after the shooting spree at Utoya on July 22, 2011. Data on demographics, injuries, injury severity, surgical procedures and outcome were collected prospectively. Of the 21 patients admitted after the shooting incident, 18 were identified with injuries caused by fragmenting ammunition and included in the study. Median age was 17 years (IQR 16, 19), median ISS 21 (IQR 12, 30) and 12 patients were female. They had been hit by a total of 38 projectiles, of which 32 were fragmenting bullets. Of the seven patients who sustained injuries to the head, neck and face, one patient required a craniotomy and one patient had a non-survivable head injury. Of the 11 patients with torso injuries, six of the eight patients with chest injuries had intra-thoracic injuries that could be treated with chest tubes only. One patient had cardiac tamponade, requiring thoracotomy. Six patients underwent laparotomy, four of them more than one. Of the 10 patients with extremity injuries, two had nerve injuries and six patients had fractures. Five amputations were performed within the first nine days. A total of 101 operations were required within the first four weeks. The majority of these were repeated soft tissue debridements due to progressive necrosis

  9. Environmental Fate Studies on Certain Munition Wastewater Constituents. Part I. Model Validation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    Holston River emanating from the Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) near Kingsport , Tennessee . The basic... Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kingsport , Tennessee . Final Report, Contract DAN[D-17-75-C-5049, Water and Air Research, Inc., Gainesville, FL. Zepp, R...studies were conducted on the Holston River in the vicinity of Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAP) near Kingsport ,

  10. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels, cylinders...

  11. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels, cylinders...

  12. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels, cylinders...

  13. Densified Biomass as an Alternative Army Heating and Power Plant Fuel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    oxygen content, and opacity directly to a hinged steel transfer conveyor which of the flue gases are continuously measured down- moves the fuel...drop across the convective section was in the bunker area of the plant. approximately 2 percent greater than with coal. The oxygen content of flue...respectively, when firing coal. It was observed that Harrison plant. The fuel was stored in one end of the flue gas oxygen content could have been reduced had

  14. Peacetime Industrial Preparedness for Wartime Ammunition Production

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    Warriors: Case for Military- Industrial Complex. Los Angeles: Nash Publishing, 1970. Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald Von. Reflections on the World War. London...Army, 1953, pp. 525 & 528. Sherman, Richard U. War Production and the War. (n.p.), 1953. Smith , R. Elberton. The Army and Economic Mobilization

  15. Defense Logistics: Army Should Track Financial Benefits Realized from its Logistics Modernization Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-01

    improve the data in LMP, officials at Anniston Army Depot mapped out the entire end- to-end repair process for the M9 Armored Combat Earthmover, which...Lethality Command, Rock Island, Illinois • Tank-automotive and Armaments Command, Warren, Michigan Maintenance depots • Anniston Army Depot, Anniston ...Island, Illinois Ammunition sites • Anniston Defense Munitions Center, Anniston , Alabama • Letterkenny Munitions Center, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

  16. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing...

  17. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing...

  18. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing...

  19. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing...

  20. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor piercing...

  1. Cerulean Warbler Occurrence Atlas for Military Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    Army Ammuniton Plant (Closed) IN NO 2009 Army IOWA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT IA UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J. Percy Priest Lake TN UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J...Stonewall Jackson Lake WV UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE Summersville Lake WV no POC Army Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant KS no POC USACE Sutton Lake WV UNCERTAIN

  2. Energy engineering analysis program, Anniston Army Depot; Energy Survey of Industrial Facilities (Ind); executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    1988-11-01

    This report presents the results of the Army Industrial Facility Energy Survey of the Army Tank Rebuild Area at Anniston Army Depot (AAD). This project is being performed by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) under Contract No. DACA01-83-C-00099. The report includes an analyses of energy use within the industrial area, and supplies the identification and evaluation of energy conservation opportunities. The results obtained from the recommended projects indicate that the energy use of the manufacturing area could be reduced by 25 percent. Such savings assume that there will be no change in the level of production as well as no change in the production hours. Anniston Army Depot is commonly known as the Tank rebuild center of the free world and ranks among the largest US ammunition storage facilities. It is a part of the Army`s Depot System Command (DESCOM), which is a major subordinate command bf the US Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command (DARCOM).

  3. A database system for characterization of munitions items in conventional ammunition demilitarization stockpiles

    SciTech Connect

    Chun, K.C.; Chiu, S.Y.; Ditmars, J.D.; Huber, C.C.; Nortunen, L.; Sabb, R.

    1994-05-01

    The MIDAS (Munition Items Disposition Action System) database system is an electronic data management system capable of storage and retrieval of information on the detailed structures and material compositions of munitions items designated for demilitarization. The types of such munitions range from bulk propellants and small arms to projectiles and cluster bombs. The database system is also capable of processing data on the quantities of inert, PEP (propellant, explosives and pyrotechnics) and packaging materials associated with munitions, components, or parts, and the quantities of chemical compounds associated with parts made of PEP materials. Development of the MIDAS database system has been undertaken by the US Army to support disposition of unwanted ammunition stockpiles. The inventory of such stockpiles currently includes several thousand items, which total tens of thousands of tons, and is still growing. Providing systematic procedures for disposing of all unwanted conventional munitions is the mission of the MIDAS Demilitarization Program. To carry out this mission, all munitions listed in the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition inventory must be characterized, and alternatives for resource recovery and recycling and/or disposal of munitions in the demilitarization inventory must be identified.

  4. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Saginaw Army Aircraft Plant, Tarrant County, Texas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-28

    Frank. 1975. Texas Plants - A Checklist and Ecological Suhmary. College Station: The Texas A & M University System, The Texas * -’.’Agriculture...the University of Texas Bulletin 3232. Simpson, G. G. 1941. Large Pleistocene Felines of North America. American Museum Noviatiates, No. 1136:19-27...Alternative View of Their Environment and Ecology . In Contemyorary Archeology, edited by Mark P. Leone, pp. 206-291. Carbondale, Edwardsville: Southern

  5. Evaluation of Alternative Particle Filtration Designs to Reduce RDX Losses in Dewatering Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) uses Holston River as their drinking water source – Center for...Executive Office for Ammunition (PEO Ammo)  Mr. Gregory O’Connor, Project Manager for Joint Services (PM JS)  Ms. Pam Wigle, Holston Army Ammunition ...Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), Nitro Triazolene (NTO), and related formulations  U.S. Army Production Plant for Energetic Explosive Materials Holston

  6. Radiological assessment of cartridge 120-mm, APFSDS-T, XM829 ammunition

    SciTech Connect

    Hooker, C.D.; Hadlock, D.E.; Soldat, K.L.; Gilchrist, R.L.

    1983-12-01

    The components of the XM829 round effectively shield out nonpenetrating beta radiation emitted by the depleted uranium; however, photons cna penetrate the components of the round and are therefore the predominant emission. The radiation levels associated with the XM829 ammunition are low. The maximum emissions measured from a cartridge are not likely to result in exposure to military personnel above the maximum permissible nonoccupational dose limits listed in Army Regulation (AR) 40-14. Based upon the specifications contained in 49 CFR 173.424 and the radiation measurement data, the XM829 shipping package may be excepted from the specification packaging, marking and labeling requirements of subpart 49 CFR 173 as long as the outer surface of the uranium is enclosed in an inactive sheath and the conditions specified in 49 CFR 421 (b), (c), and (d) are met.

  7. Economics of Third-Party Central Heating Plants to Supply the Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    Copeland , T.E. and J.F. Weston , Financial Theory and Corporate Policy (Addison Wesley, 1979), p 282. Defense Energy Program Policy Memorandum (DEPPM) 88-1...a central heating plant. ’ J.F. Weston and E.F. Brigham. Managerial Finance (The Dryden Press, 1981). 12 The contractor also enters into a land lease...formula in Table I by which minimum returns required by equity investors are adjusted for the level of deb in capital, see T.E. Copeland and J.F

  8. Ammunition Suite for the FCS Multi-role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-20

    LOS ranges . • Barrier – Increasing threat protection – Smaller, lighter round • Pacing Technologies ü Novel Penetrator ü Composite Sabot ü ETC...Penetrator Composite Sabot Pull Configuration 6 FCS Advanced KE Accomplishments ü Reviewed & evaluated Puller Sabot Technology (i.e., 75mm & 90mm Auto...Cannon Case Telescope Ammunition (CTA) KE munition) ü Teamed with Industry to support IR&D 105mm composite sabot work. ü Completed engineering design and

  9. Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) concept evaluation study

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Babcock, S.M.; Watkin, D.C.; Oliver, R.P.

    1992-06-01

    The Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) is an initiative to introduce a palletized load system (PLS) that is transportable with an automated ammunition processing and storage system for use on the battlefield. System proponents have targeted a 20% increase in the ammunition processing rate over the current operation while simultaneously reducing the total number of assigned field artillery battalion personnel by 30. The overall objective of the FAAPS Project is the development and demonstration of an improved process to accomplish these goals. The initial phase of the FAAPS Project and the subject of this study is the FAAPS concept evaluation. The concept evaluation consists of (1) identifying assumptions and requirements, (2) documenting the process flow, (3) identifying and evaluating technologies available to accomplish the necessary ammunition processing and storage operations, and (4) presenting alternative concepts with associated costs, processing rates, and manpower requirements for accomplishing the operation. This study provides insight into the achievability of the desired objectives.

  10. 19. SOUTH FRONT ELEVATION OF BUILDING 216 (AMMUNITION MAINTENANCE SHOP) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. SOUTH FRONT ELEVATION OF BUILDING 216 (AMMUNITION MAINTENANCE SHOP) IN ASSEMBLY AREA. - Loring Air Force Base, Weapons Storage Area, Northeastern corner of base at northern end of Maine Road, Limestone, Aroostook County, ME

  11. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478 of...

  12. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478 of...

  13. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478 of...

  14. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478 of...

  15. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478 of...

  16. VIEW OF TWO READY AMMUNITION BOXES WITH TWO UNATTACHED STEEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF TWO READY AMMUNITION BOXES WITH TWO UNATTACHED STEEL DOORS - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  17. DETAIL OF A READY AMMUNITION BOX SHOWING THE INTERNAL SUPPORT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL OF A READY AMMUNITION BOX SHOWING THE INTERNAL SUPPORT BRACKETS - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  18. DETAIL OF THREE DOORS FOR READY AMMUNITION BOXES (IN FOREGROUND). ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL OF THREE DOORS FOR READY AMMUNITION BOXES (IN FOREGROUND). NOTE THE STEEL PLATES IN THE BACKGROUND - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  19. 5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget Sound), Wash.' dated June 30, 1947. Buildings 103 and 104 are shaded and located left of center near top of map. HABS film is an 8x10' high-contrast negative made from original map in the collection of the Department of Public Works, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA. - Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Munitions Storage Bunker, Naval Ammunitions Depot, North of Campbell Trail, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  20. Evaluation of Various Organic Fertilizer Substrates and Hydraulic Retention Times for Enhancing Anaerobic Degradation of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater While Using Constructed Wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-01

    negative error due to competition with the complex for the reducing agent ascorbic acid. Samples high in iron can be pretreated with sodium bisulfite ...reducing agent ascorbic acid. Samples high in iron can be pretreated with sodium bisulfite to eliminate this interference. Treatment with bisulfite ... sodium bisulfite to eliminate this interference. Treatment with bisulfite will also remove the interference due to arsenates. j:\\users\\tsd\\ws\\methods

  1. Environmental Studies on Open Burn/Open Detonation Disposal Sites. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    report entitled Toxicity of Selected Munitions and Munition-Contaminated Soil to the Earthworm Eisenia foetida ). 7 In task 3, soil/water extracts were...Earthworm (Eisenia Foetida ); Technical Report ERDEC-TR-037, April 1993. (8) Haley, M.V., R.T. Checkai, R.S. Wentsel. Toxicity Determination of

  2. DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-05

    Laboratory AGM Aboveground Magazine AGS Aboveground Structure/Site AGS (H) AGS, Heavy Wall AGS (H/R) AGS, Heavy Wall and Roof AGS (L) AGS, Light... ANFO Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil APZ Accident Potential Zone AR Army Regulation ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM...GD Pinacolyl Methylphosphonofluoridate (Nerve Agent) H Heavy Wall HA Holding Area

  3. Cased Telescoped Ammunition Smart Seal Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    investigation of the suitability of smart materials for this application. One such smart material mentioned by the Army in the solicitation was Nitinol , a shape...cartridge were manufactured. A Nitinol sealing concept was developed that, based on theoretical evaluation, should provide excellent sealing performance. The

  4. Selection of Alternative Particle Filtration Designs to Reduce RDX Losses in Dewatering Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Army Production Plant for Energetic Explosive Materials Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) Description Energy, Environment...downstream of Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) uses Holston River as their drinking water source – Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine...Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) • Mr. Gregory O’Connor, Project Manager for Joint Services (PM JS) • Mr. Michael Vestal, Holston Army

  5. Larger Units: Theater Army, Army Group, Field Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    LARGER UNITS: Theater Army, Army Group , Field Army St Fort LeawiivfoW, Kansas /A ’j>’" /\\(7 ’"VX <\\,» •«:-•$-(••’•.•->’-:-j Report...TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-1984 to 00-00-1984 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Larger Units: Theater Army, Army Group , Field Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...Bibliography No. 4 LARGER UNITS: THEATER ARMY—ARMY GROUP —FIELD ARMY by LTC Gary L. Bounds Combat Studies Institute U.S. Army Command and General Staff

  6. Army Medical Imaging System - ARMIS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-08

    The Army Medical Imaging System (ARMIS) would use optical data cards, discs and small computers to perform the required functions of image...a filmless medical imaging system based on stimulable x-ray phosphors and optical data cards. Advantages of the system would be elimination of film

  7. Fort McClellan, ammunition storage building 4404. Planar view of rear ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Fort McClellan, ammunition storage building 4404. Planar view of rear (west) side, view towards the east northeast without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  8. Reducing impacts from ammunitions: A comparative life-cycle assessment of four types of 9mm ammunitions.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Carlos; Ribeiro, José; Almada, Sara; Rotariu, Traian; Freire, Fausto

    2016-10-01

    Increase of environmental awareness of the population has pressured research activities in the defence area to cover environment and toxicity issues, where have been considered appropriate manners to reduce the environmental and toxicological impacts of ammunition. One of the adopted approaches to achieve such goal involves the replacement of lead and other heavy metals by alternative materials. However, the consequences of using alternative materials in ammunitions manufacturing are uncertain for the other life-cycle phases and trade-offs can occur. The present paper describes the potential benefits from the replacement of lead in the primer and in the projectile of a 9mm calibre ammunition. For that purpose, it is assessed and compared the environmental and toxicological impacts associated with the life-cycle of four ammunitions: combination of two types of projectiles (steel jacket and lead core; copper and nylon composite) with two types of primers (lead primer; non-lead primer). In addition, some potential improvements for the environmental performance of small calibre ammunition are also presented. To assess the impacts two Life-Cycle Impact Assessment methods are applied: CML for six environmental categories and USEtox to three toxicity categories. Results showed that the conclusion drawn for environmental and toxicological impact categories are distinct. In fact, ammunition production phase presents higher impacts for the environmental categories, whilst the operation phase has a higher impact to the toxicity categories. The substitution of lead in the primer and in the projectile provides a suitable alternative from a toxicology perspective; however, the composite projectile still presents some environmental concerns. The conclusions drawn are important for the procurement (and design) of environmental responsible ammunitions, in order to avoid (or decrease) the impacts for their manufacture and the effects on human health (e.g. shooters) and ecosystems

  9. 27 CFR 478.40a - Transfer and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... large capacity ammunition feeding devices. 478.40a Section 478.40a Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices. (a) Prohibition. No person shall transfer or possess a large capacity ammunition feeding device. (b) Exceptions. The provisions of paragraph...

  10. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to the...

  11. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to the...

  12. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to the...

  13. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to the...

  14. 27 CFR 478.40a - Transfer and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... large capacity ammunition feeding devices. 478.40a Section 478.40a Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices. (a) Prohibition. No person shall transfer or possess a large capacity ammunition feeding device. (b) Exceptions. The provisions of paragraph (a...

  15. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing or experimentation. The... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to the...

  16. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition....

  17. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition. “Arms...

  18. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  19. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  20. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  1. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  2. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture or...

  3. Army dreamers.

    PubMed

    1988-05-14

    The birth of the Army Nursing Service took place in 1854, when Florence Nightingale, at the request of the Secretary of State for War, recruited and took to Scutari Hospital 38 women to tend the wounded of the Crimean war.

  4. Symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders among ammunition factory workers in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Pinar, Tevfik; Cakmak, Z Aytul; Saygun, Meral; Akdur, Recep; Ulu, Nuriye; Keles, Isik; Saylam, Hamdi Saim

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and to determine the risk factors among ammunition factory workers in Turkey. This cross-sectional study was performed on 955 ammunition factory workers. Potential risk factors were investigated with a questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. During the previous year, 39.3% of ammunition workers experienced symptoms of work-related MSDs. Logistic regression analysis showed smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 1.372), chronic diseases (OR = 1.795), body mass index (BMI; overweight) (OR = 1.631), working year (OR = 1.509), cold temperature (OR = 1.838), and work load (OR = 2.210) were significant independent risk factors for the development of symptoms of MSDs. It was found that both work-related conditions and personal and environmental factors are important for the development of occupational MSDs.

  5. Army Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    SOLDIER PUBLIC AFFAIRS 16 COMMON OPERATING ENVIRONMENT Sensors move the Army one step closer to foundational software architecture . BY EDRIC THOMPSON...coming from smart sensors continues to be a scientific chal- lenge. Researchers are developing solutions to introduce a common architecture that...pressure and cognitive delays from lack of sleep . The Chief of Staff of the Army vision has mentioned, “Our modernization programs will remain

  6. Effectiveness of Incendiary Ammunition Against Aircraft Fuel Tanks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1948-10-05

    2, Small Ar:ns and Small Arms Ammunition, Bc-ok 2, SmaE A:rm,s Ammunition (C), 27SE:?P-144-1898, 11S:nt!lr.ary of Da.ta on FIJ>es and Explosions in... smaE fires fe::i ::>y leaking fuel, three in fbsh fires which extinguishe<i thec:.s2ives, 4 iaw::n~self­ sea~ing leaks and 5 ir: sell-sealing leaks

  7. Alternative Processes for HMX Manufacture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: J. T. Rogers Kingsport , TN 37665 Weapon System Concept Team/CSL ATTN...indicated that future HMX production requirements could be met at the lowest cost and risk by Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) using the Bachmann...U.S. Army Armament Materiel Readiness Command ATTN: DRSAR-RDM, G. Cowan Rock Island, IL 61299 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant

  8. Yield, biomass, and uptake of crop plants irrigated with TNT and RDX contaminated water

    SciTech Connect

    Simini, M.; Checkai, R.T.

    1995-12-31

    Crops grown in site-collected soil were irrigated with water containing 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) to simulate field conditions at Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Nebraska. Pots were watered in an environment-controlled greenhouse to field capacity throughout the life-cycle of the crop with 2, 20, and 100 ppb RDX; 2,100, and 800ppb TNT; 100ppb RDX + 800ppb TNT; or uncontaminated water. Yield and biomass of tomato fruit, bush bean fruit, corn stover, and soybean seeds were significantly (p = 0.05) less when irrigated with the RDX + TNT treatment compared to controls. Lettuce leaves and radish root yield and biomass were unaffected by treatment level. Soil loading of RDX and TNT in response to evapotranspiration was greatest for tomato, corn, soybean, bush bean, and least for radish and lettuce. Plant tissue contaminant concentrations will be presented and discussed.

  9. Nano characterization of gunshot residues from Brazilian ammunition.

    PubMed

    Melo, Lis G A; Martiny, Andrea; Pinto, André L

    2014-07-01

    Gunshot residues (GSR) from a total of nine different caliber ammunitions produced in Brazil were analyzed and characterized by transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). GSR particles are composed of spherical particles of several micrometers of diameter containing distinct amounts of lead, barium and antimony, along with other organic and inorganic elements arising from the primer, gunpowder, the gun and the bullet itself. This study was carried out to obtain additional information on the properties of GSR nanoparticles originated from different types of regular ammunition produced in Brazil by CBC. Besides the SEM, we have used a TEM, exploring its high magnification capability and ability to explore internal structure and chemical composition of submicron particles. We observed that CBC ammunition generated smaller particles than usually reported for other ammunitions and that the three component particles are not a majority. TEM analysis revealed that GSR are partially composed of sub-micron particles as well. The electron diffraction pattern from these particles confirmed them to be mainly composed of lead oxides crystalline nanoparticles that may be agglomerated into larger particles. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that most of them were composed of two elements, especially PbSb. Ba was not a common element found in the nanoparticles.

  10. 20. NORTHWEST CORNER OF BUILDING 216 (AMMUNITION MAINTENANCE SHOP) IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. NORTHWEST CORNER OF BUILDING 216 (AMMUNITION MAINTENANCE SHOP) IN ASSEMBLY AREA SHOWING SHAPE OF EARTHEN MOUND COVERING AND RETAINING WALL. - Loring Air Force Base, Weapons Storage Area, Northeastern corner of base at northern end of Maine Road, Limestone, Aroostook County, ME

  11. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells and...

  12. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells and...

  13. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells and...

  14. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells and...

  15. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells and...

  16. 27 CFR 478.119 - Importation of ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... of such device. (b) For purposes of this section, an “ammunition feeding device” is a magazine, belt... establishing that the magazine was manufactured on or before September 13, 1994. Any one of the following...) Permanent markings or physical characteristics which establish that the magazine was manufactured on...

  17. Tooele Army Depot-North Area Suspected Releases SWMUs. Phase 1 RFI report. Volume 1. Text

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    location of the continental storm track , most of the precipitation in the Tooele Valley occurs as snow between the months of October and May. Summers are...of railroad tracks . Stormwater from the Administration Area drains via an underground concrete piping system to a depression in a dry wash, where it...Shank (JMM) with Ammunition survelliance Chief, Milo Serreyn, Tooele Army Depot, Utah, October 1992. Siniscalchi, 1991. Telephone interview conducted

  18. 7. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). INTERIOR OF BUILDING 1611. 'THE M139 BOMBLETS ARE MANUALLY DOWNLOADED FROM THE WARHEAD SECTION ONTO THE CONVEYORS, EQUIPPED WITH FIXTURES TO POSITION THE BOMBLETS FOR THE SUBSEQUENT PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE OPERATIONS.' - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Ammunition Demolition Building-Tail Fin Storage & Assembly, 2750 feet South of Ninth Avenue; 3480 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  19. Thermal indicating paints for ammunition health monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zunino, James L., III; Iqbal, Zafar

    2010-04-01

    Thermochromic semiconductive polymers that change color in response to external stimuli, such as heat and radiation, can be utilized to monitor the temperature range and elapsed time profiles of stored and prepositioned munitions. These polymers are being tailored to create paints and coatings that will alert Army logistic staff of dangerous temperature exposures. Irreversible indication via color change in multiple thermal bands, 145 F - 164 F (63o-73°C), 165 F - 184 F (74° - 84° C) and over 185 F (>85°C) are possible with these thermochromic polymers. The resulting active coating can be visually inspected to determine if safe temperatures were exceeded. More detailed information, including cumulative time of exposure in certain temperature bands through changes in optical chromaticity describing the vividness or dullness of a color, can be assessed using a hand-held optical densitometer.

  20. Army Pre-Positioned Stocks and High-Speed Sealift

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    5 One 2x1 Bde Set (Qatar) One 2x1 Bde Set (Kuwait) APS-3 One 2x2 Bde Set (Diago Garcia) One 1x1 Bde Set (Diago Garcia) APS-3 Saipan APS-1 CONUS...Army pre-positioned an additional one brigade set (second brigade set was a 1x1 brigade) and pre-positioned as part of APS-3 on two LARGE Medium Speed...a 1x1 brigade set in addition to port opening equipment, sustainment stocks and ammunition for a contingency corps of five and a third (5 1/3

  1. Two-dimensional direct-current resistivity survey to supplement borehole data in ground-water models of the former Blaine Naval Ammunition Depot, Hastings, Nebraska, September 2003

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kress, Wade H.; Ball, Lyndsay B.; Teeple, Andrew; Turco, Michael J.

    2006-01-01

    The former Blaine Naval Ammunition Depot located immediately southeast of Hastings, Nebraska, was an ammunition facility during World War II and the Korean Conflict. Waste-management practices during operation and decommissioning of the former Depot resulted in soil and ground-water contamination. Ground-water models have been used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to provide information on the fate and transport of contaminants on the former Depot site. During September 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District, conducted a pilot study to collect two-dimensional direct-current resistivity data on the site along six profiles near existing monitoring wells. The inversion results of field data from five of the six two-dimensional direct-current resistivity profiles display distinct electrical stratigraphy consistent with three resistivity units (low resistivity, high resistivity, and low resistivity). These three resistivity units correlate with rock-stratigraphic or hydrogeologic units described prior to this study. To interpret the resistivity profiles, additional data extending through the lower confining unit into the underlying Niobrara Formation could be used with the existing data to construct forward models for data analysis and interpretation.

  2. Crusader Automated Docking System: Technology support for the Crusader Resupply Team. Interim report, Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Varma, V.K.; Jatko, W.B.

    1995-11-01

    The US Army and Team Crusader (United Defense, Lockheed Martin Armament Systems, etc.) are developing the next generation howitzer, the Crusader. The development program includes an advanced, self-propelled liquid propellant howitzer and a companion resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to rendezvous with the howitzer near the battlefront and replenish ammunition, fuel, and other material. The Army has recommended that Crusader incorporate new and innovative technologies to improve performance and safety. One conceptual design proposes a robotic resupply boom on the resupply vehicle to upload supplies to the howitzer. The resupply boom would normally be retracted inside the resupply vehicle during transit. When the two vehicles are within range of the resupply boom, the boom would be extended to a receiving port on the howitzer. In order to reduce exposure to small arms fire or nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, the crew would remain inside the resupply vehicle during the resupply operation. The process of extending the boom and linking with the receiving port is called docking. A boom operator would be designated to maneuver the boom into contact with the receiving port using a mechanical joystick. The docking operation depends greatly upon the skill of the boom operator to manipulate the boom into docking position. Computer simulations at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration have shown that computer-assisted or autonomous docking can improve the ability of the operator to dock safely and quickly. This document describes the present status of the Crusader Autonomous Docking System (CADS) implemented at Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL). The purpose of the CADS project is to determine the feasibility and performance limitations of vision systems to satisfy the autonomous docking requirements for Crusader and conduct a demonstration under controlled conditions.

  3. A Mobilization Preparedness Primer for Water Management at Ammunition Plants.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-02

    production system and, incidentally, for the fire water system too. Raw water is rarely of much use because it can clog pumps, valves, pipes, etc. After you...if the wrong kind of water leaks into another system. Hazardous leaks are to the boiler or the fire water system. ,feat exchangers are particularly... fire water system with primary and emergency water sources. How long does i’- take to connect to the emergency water source? Storm Sewers-Inspect for

  4. Employing wavelet-based texture features in ammunition classification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borzino, Ángelo M. C. R.; Maher, Robert C.; Apolinário, José A.; de Campos, Marcello L. R.

    2017-05-01

    Pattern recognition, a branch of machine learning, involves classification of information in images, sounds, and other digital representations. This paper uses pattern recognition to identify which kind of ammunition was used when a bullet was fired based on a carefully constructed set of gunshot sound recordings. To do this task, we show that texture features obtained from the wavelet transform of a component of the gunshot signal, treated as an image, and quantized in gray levels, are good ammunition discriminators. We test the technique with eight different calibers and achieve a classification rate better than 95%. We also compare the performance of the proposed method with results obtained by standard temporal and spectrographic techniques

  5. Army Robotics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-07

    Army Robotics 07 October 2009 Dr. Grant Gerhart, Senior Research Scientist Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A... Robots 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Grant Gerhart; Bernard Theisen 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...CBRNE • IED Defeat Systems • Disarm / Disrupt • Reconnaissance • Investigation • Explosive Sniffer • Common Robotic Kit • EOD • Convoy • Log

  6. DoD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-08-01

    This storage is relatively close to the launch and static test stands; normally it is not involved directly in feeding the engine as in the case with... storage of military ammunition and explosives. Underground storage includes natural caverns and below grade, excavated chambers, but criteria of this...without a barricade. For cases where the blast must travel a large distance from the storage chamber to the portal, with several changes in direction along

  7. A Risk Management Model of Urban Areas near Ammunition Storage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Distances ( IBD ) that are termed only as separation distances. Minor injuries and unstrengthened buildings damage not exceeding five percent of their...contrary, safety demands for cases where explosion of Ammunition or Explosives is initiated or caused by hostile activities must be much greater than IBD ...than the IBD . The standards usually take the low marginal probability, i.e. 10-6 per annum, and by that assume that accidental events rarely occur

  8. Application of powder metallurgy techniques for the development of non-toxic ammunition. Final CRADA report

    SciTech Connect

    Lowden, R.; Kelly, R.

    1997-05-30

    The purpose of the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and Delta Frangible Ammunition (DFA), was to identify and evaluate composite materials for the development of small arms ammunition. Currently available small arms ammunition utilizes lead as the major component of the projectile. The introduction of lead into the environment by these projectiles when they are expended is a rapidly increasing environmental problem. At certain levels, lead is a toxic metal to the environment and a continual health and safety concern for firearm users as well as those who must conduct lead recovery operations from the environment. DFA is a leading supplier of high-density mixtures, which will be used to replace lead-based ammunition in specific applications. Current non-lead ammunition has several limitations that prevent it from replacing lead-based ammunition in many applications (such as applications that require ballistics, weapon recoil, and weapon function identical to that of lead-based ammunition). The purpose of the CRADA was to perform the research and development to identify cost-effective materials to be used in small arms ammunition that eventually will be used in commercially viable, environmentally conscious, non-lead, frangible and/or non-frangible, ammunition.

  9. Energy Surveys of Army Central Heating and Power Plants, Energy Engineering Analysis Program (EEAP), Fort Richardson. Volume 1 - Executive Summary.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    plants and processes. It also has a narrative discussion and evaluation of the ECOs studied at each power plant with a summary of the economics and...Documentation, contains the funding request documentation forms for the energy conservation opportunities ( ECOs ) that qualified, and other ECOs that were...reference material and other data supporting the report and documentation. Depending on the project cost and economics, for each viable ECO , documentation

  10. Lead in ammunition: a persistent threat to health and conservation.

    PubMed

    Johnson, C K; Kelly, T R; Rideout, B A

    2013-12-01

    Many scavenging bird populations have experienced abrupt declines across the globe, and intensive recovery activities have been necessary to sustain several species, including the critically endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus). Exposure to lead from lead-based ammunition is widespread in condors and lead toxicosis presents an immediate threat to condor recovery, accounting for the highest proportion of adult mortality. Lead contamination of carcasses across the landscape remains a serious threat to the health and sustainability of scavenging birds, and here we summarize recent evidence for exposure to lead-based ammunition and health implications across many species. California condors and other scavenging species are sensitive indicators of the occurrence of lead contaminated carcasses in the environment. Transdisciplinary science-based approaches have been critical to managing lead exposure in California condors and paving the way for use of non-lead ammunition in California. Similar transdisciplinary approaches are now needed to translate the science informing on this issue and establish education and outreach efforts that focus on concerns brought forth by key stakeholders.

  11. Waste Vegetable Oil as a Fuel Extender.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-01

    Engr Dist, Charleston Facilities Engineer ATTN: Chief, Engr Div Holston Army Ammunition Plant P.O. Box 919 Kingsport, TN 37662 Charleston, SC 29402...Fort Hamilton, NY 11252 Parsons, KS 67357 Facilities Engineer Facilities Engineer Fort A P Hill Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant Bowling Green, VA 22427...Facilities Engineer Fort Knox Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant Fort Knox, KY 40121 Shreveport, LA 71130 Facilities Engineer Facilities Enginee’r Fort

  12. DMSO Recrystallization of HMX and RDX

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT KINGSPORT , TN 37662 L. SILBERMAN H. RICCI R. GOLDSTEIN ARRADCOM a ELEECTE• •,%•.•.iF, 1981 •.. FEBRUARY 1981 US ARMY ARMAMENT... Holston Defense Corporation AREA I WORK UNIT NUMBERS Holston Aim), Ammunition Plant DARCOM MW Proj 57x4310 Kingsport , TN 37662 1,. CONTROLLING OFFICE...experiments during the pilot plant phase are located at Building C-6, Holston Army Ammunition

  13. Pilot-Scale Testing of a Fuel Oil-Explosives Cofiring Process for Recovering Energy from Waste Explosives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    produced by Holston , Radford, and Iowa Army Ammunition Plants each year. 5 2.1 Current Energetic Material Disposal Alternatives Waste or excess energetic...disposal method for PEP materials, it is an energy-intensive and expensive disposal option. Radford Army Ammunition Plant now operates two incinerators...R. Scala, Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste by Pyrolysis, ARLCU-CR-78030, TRW Defense and Space Systems, Redondo Beach, CA

  14. Interfacing the Defense Standard Ammunition Computer System and the Air Force Combat Ammunition System: A Search for an Alternate Method.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    for controlling , financing, planning , programming, and budgeting of items in 114 %..-.o .. .. . .......... o •........................... the...S. Barnes, for all the guidance received throughout this effort, and to my reader, Capt Rich Mabe , for his suggestions which helped me organize the...questions about the Combat Ammunition System and the World Wide Military Command and Control System. Finally, I would like to thank the members of my

  15. Investigation of an outbreak of anemia cases at an Army trinitrotoluene munitions production plant from 2004 to 2005 and subsequent surveillance 2005-2013.

    PubMed

    Mallon, Timothy M; Ortiz, Jose M; Candler, William H; Rogers, Gregory; Hillburn, Richard

    2014-11-01

    Investigate an outbreak of anemia that occurred at an Army trinitrotoluene (TNT) munitions production facility in 2004-2005 and describe subsequent medical surveillance efforts between 2005 and 2013. A retrospective, cross-sectional investigation of anemia cases and exposure levels was conducted to target corrective engineering and administrative changes needed to reduce TNT levels and anemia cases. Mean TNT exposure levels decreased from 1.2 to 0.08 mg/m(3) between 2004 and 2012, but the trend was not statistically significant. Anemia cases rose from 17 to 38 between 2004 and 2011 and cases declined from 4 to 0 between 2012 and 2013. The overall trend in cases was not statistically significant. TNT levels rose at a munitions plant until ventilation changes reduced exposures. Despite this, anemia cases continued to rise until the commander held workers accountable for failing to wear PPE and motivated them to wear respirators to avoid a loss in pay. The case definition of anemia was revised to be consistent with the case definition used by private physicians who practiced in the community. Better coveralls are needed, which are easy to wear, reduce static discharge, and prevent TNT skin absorption. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  16. Health assessment for Anniston Army Depot, Bynum, Calhoun County, Alabama, Region 4. CERCLIS No. AL3210020027. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-04-29

    The Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) facility, which occupies 15,200 acres in northeast Alabama, was originally an ammunition storage depot. Contaminants of concern include trichloroethylene (TCE), cis- and trans-dichloroethylene, methylene chloride, metals, and phenol in groundwater. Based on the available information, the site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances.

  17. Army Personnel System Analyses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-12-01

    Allen Mr. Mike Redgrave PAMSIM Applied Research, Inc. OPXAA LTC Delyle Redmond Army Aviation OPAR LTC William Rousse Aviator Assignment OPXAA LTC Billy...Rutherford Army Aviation OPEN MAJ Thomas Sands Army Aviation OPAT LTC John Schnibben Army Aviation OPIN LTC Daniel Sharp Officer Assignment- DATCOM

  18. Small Arms Ammunition Production and Acquisition Strategy for the U.S. Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    Barium & Chemicals China Calcium Silicide Perkins Rouge Brazil Magnesium Oxide Matrixchem Mexico Calcium Resinate – Fused Barium & Chemicals USA...China/Europe/India Potassium Perchlorate Hummel Crouton China Strontium Nitrate Barium & Chemicals China Strontium Oxalate Barium & Chemicals USA...China/Europe/India Strontium Peroxide Hummel Crouton Mexico/USA Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Reade Mfg. USA Calcium Resinate – Peripiated Hummel

  19. Theoretical and Practical Issues Regarding U.S. Army Ammunition Freight Movements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    and Willumsen , 1990, p. 23 ........... .................... .. 17 Figure 3 - Plot of Actual Data vs. Model 1 Results. . 28 Figure 4 - Model 2 Plot vs...34Classic Transport Model" (Ortuzar and Willumsen , 1990, p. 22). The model, also referred to as UTPS (fig. 2) is an iterative approach that lends...employment rate, . per capita income, and retail sales. ...... Chisholm and O’Sullivan Figure 2 - UTPS Model. Source: Ortuzar and Willumsen , 1990, p. (1973

  20. Genotoxicity surveillance programme in workers dismantling World War I chemical ammunition.

    PubMed

    Mateuca, R A; Carton, C; Roelants, M; Roesems, S; Lison, D; Kirsch-Volders, M

    2010-06-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of personal protective measures in a dismantling plant for chemical weapons from World War I of the Belgian Defence. Seventeen NIOSH level B-equipped plant workers exposed to arsenic trichloride (AsCl(3)) in combination with phosgene or hydrogen cyanide (HCN) were compared to 24 NIOSH level C-protected field workers occasionally exposed to genotoxic chemicals (including AsCl(3)-phosgene/HCN) when collecting chemical ammunition, and 19 matched referents. Chromosomal aberrations (CA), micronuclei (MNCB and MNMC), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and high frequency cells (HFC) were analysed in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Urinary arsenic levels and genetic polymorphisms in major DNA repair enzymes (hOGG1(326), XRCC1(399), XRCC3(241)) were also assessed. SCE and HFC levels were significantly higher in plant-exposed versus referent subjects, but MNCB and MNMC were not different. MNCB, SCE and HFC levels were significantly higher and MNMC levels significantly lower in field-exposed workers versus referents. AsCl(3) exposure was not correlated with genotoxicity biomarkers. Protective measures for plant-exposed workers appear adequate, but protection for field-exposed individuals could be improved.

  1. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time, may...

  2. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time, may...

  3. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time, may...

  4. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time, may...

  5. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  6. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  7. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal protective gear.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal... REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal...) firearms, except barrels, cylinders, receivers (frames) or complete breech mechanisms when the total value...

  8. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  9. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  10. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION...

  11. Lead-free hunting rifle ammunition: product availability, price, effectiveness, and role in global wildlife conservation.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Vernon George

    2013-10-01

    Proposals to end the use of lead hunting ammunition because of the established risks of lead exposure to wildlife and humans are impeded by concerns about the availability, price, and effectiveness of substitutes. The product availability and retail prices of different calibers of lead-free bullets and center-fire rifle ammunition were assessed for ammunition sold in the USA and Europe. Lead-free bullets are made in 35 calibers and 51 rifle cartridge designations. Thirty-seven companies distribute internationally ammunition made with lead-free bullets. There is no major difference in the retail price of equivalent lead-free and lead-core ammunition for most popular calibers. Lead-free ammunition has set bench-mark standards for accuracy, lethality, and safety. Given the demonstrated wide product availability, comparable prices, and the effectiveness of high-quality lead-free ammunition, it is possible to phase out the use of lead hunting ammunition world-wide, based on progressive policy and enforceable legislation.

  12. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  13. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  14. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  15. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  16. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  17. Use of Designed Experiments in the "Green Ammunition" Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-08-13

    Excellence HEAVY METALS Primer Compositions Lead Styphnate Barium Nitrate Antimony Sulfide Green Ammunition Target Materials HEAVY METALS Projectile Slug Lead... Barium Peroxide Lead Dioxide Barium Nitrate ODCs Methyl Chloroform ODCs Casemouth Sealant Methyl Chloroform Committed To Excellence Non-Toxic Ammunition

  18. Rack for Temporary Storage of 105 mm HEAT Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    John Nash , Room 3E606, Pentagon, Washington, DC 20310 Commander, USA Safety Center, ATTN: PESC-Z, Fort Rucker, AL 36360 Commander, US Army Materiel... John Nash Room 3E606, Pentagon Washington, DC 20310 1 Commander USA Safety Center ATTN: PESC-Z Fort Rucker, AL 36360 1 Commander US Army

  19. Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

    2007-04-01

    In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

  20. Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions

    SciTech Connect

    Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

    2007-04-23

    In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

  1. Discharge residue from mercury fulminate-primed ammunition.

    PubMed

    Wallace, J S

    1998-01-01

    The scarcity of mercury in discharge residue particles from mercury-containing ammunition was investigated. It was found that 86% of the mercury was vaporized after discharge, mainly via the muzzle, 88% of which was not detectable by SEM. Of the 0.16% exiting via the breech, only approximately 40% was detectable by SEM. Only a small proportion of this was deposited on the firer. The recovered mercury did not make a significant contribution to the elemental composition of the discharge residue particles. The rate of loss of mercury from the spent cartridge case was also examined but was found to be of no practical value in estimating time of discharge.

  2. Ocular blast injuries related to explosive military ammunition.

    PubMed

    Gundogan, Fatih Cakir; Akay, F; Yolcu, U; Uzun, S; Ilhan, A; Toyran, S; Eyi, E; Diner, O

    2016-02-01

    To report the clinical features of ocular injuries associated with explosive military ammunition in insurgent attacks in Turkey. The medical records of 48 casualties who were treated for ocular injuries sustained in insurgent attacks at the Combat Region Hospitals in Turkey were retrospectively reviewed. The reviewed data included initial visual acuity, type of explosive military ammunition (ie, improvised explosive device, mine, hand grenade and rocket-propelled grenade), type of globe injury (open-globe vs closed-globe injury), traumatised globe zones, the presence/absence of an intraocular foreign body, medical interventions, status during the explosion and injuries to other parts of the body. The visual acuity differences between different explosive materials and between 'on-foot' and 'inside-vehicle' casualties were investigated. A total of 83 injured eyes were analysed. The mean patient age was 24.5±6.6 years. The mean initial logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 0.60±0.63. The injuries were due to improvised explosive devices in 28 cases (58.3%), land mines in 16 cases (33.3%), and hand grenades and rocket-propelled grenades in 2 cases each (4.2%). Forty-seven eyes (56.6%) had open-globe injuries. The most frequently involved zones were zone 1 (50.0%) in closed-globe injuries and all zones (31.9%) in open-globe injuries. Intraocular foreign bodies were present in 45/47 (95.7%) eyes with open-globe injuries. Twelve (14.4%) eyes with no light perception were enucleated, and two (2.4%) eviscerated. The difference in the visual acuities between the on-foot and inside-vehicle casualties and between the injuries that were caused by the different types of explosive ammunitions was also insignificant (p=0.271 and 0.394, respectively). The clinical results for eye injuries caused by explosive military ammunition sustained during insurgent attacks in Turkey are disappointing irrespective of the explosive material. The use of protective

  3. 106. OVERALL VIEW OF NORTH PLANT, WITH GB MANUFACTURING PLANT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    106. OVERALL VIEW OF NORTH PLANT, WITH GB MANUFACTURING PLANT (BUILDING 1501) AT LEFT BACKGROUND AND AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1611) AT RIGHT FOREGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  4. Mobilization and Defense Management Technical Reports Series. The Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition. Another Look.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    AU-AI38 216 MOBILZATION AND DEFENSE MANAGEMENT TECNICAL REPORTSSERIES THESINGLE M.U INDUSRIAL COL OF THE ARMEDFORCES WASHINGTON DC E J CZAPLICR ET AL...operated well below capacity. The level of maintenance for mest inactive plants gradually lessened with annual funds expended declining from 30 million...would perform the storage, maintenance , procurement and production functions for the Army. Lastly, the study reo~mendd that the single manager be

  5. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program.

    PubMed

    Chase, Loren; Rabe, Michael J

    2015-01-01

    Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost.

  6. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program

    PubMed Central

    Chase, Loren; Rabe, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost. PMID:26114878

  7. 10. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PROCESS FLOW SCHEMATIC, GAS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PROCESS FLOW SCHEMATIC, GAS PRODUCER PROCESS, BUILDING 10A.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Holston Defense Corporation. August 29, 1974. Delineator: G. A. Horne. Drawing # SK-1942. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  8. Army Airmobility Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1967-03-01

    8217 - . . . ’ B s v ia l C p Best Available Copy DEPARTMENT OF THI ARMY "ARI FIELD UNIT. BENNING U ARMY HLSLARCH INSTITUTE FOR 7HE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES...and Army flare aircraft should be on station for immediate employment. Search light helicopters (Lightning Bug , see Glossary) may be used and assigned...may be provided by Lightning Bug aircraft or illuminating flares from mortars, artillery, or Air Force/Army aircraft. (2) Artillery should be used more

  9. Army Efficiency Initiatives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-28

    directed the military services to incorporate Total Quality Management ( TQM ) principles throughout their organizations. Beginning in 1992, Total Army...Quality (TAQ) was the Army’s new management philosophy, responding to the DOD TQM mandate. This was a significant change of the Army’s culture. In...business practices to meet the Army’s current challenges, it must be determined if TQM is an effective management tool and more importantly if TAQ is

  10. Army Posture Statement 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-14

    and overhead. We are now well underway in deploying the Lean Six Sigma methodology as a vehicle to seek continuous process improvement, eliminate...and morale. • Implemented Lean Six Sigma methodology within all Army Commands, Direct Reporting Units, Army Service Components of Joint Commands...between 2007 and 2013. • Implemented Lean Six Sigma methodology within all Army Commands, Direct Reporting Units, Army Service Components of Joint

  11. Army Programs: Army Lessons Learned Program: System Development and Application

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-10

    Army Regulation 11–33 Army Programs Army Lessons Learned Program : System Development and Application Headquarters Department of the Army Washington...Army Programs: Army Lessons Learned Program : System Development and Application Contract Number Grant Number Program Element Number Author(s...Pages 14 SUMMARY of CHANGE AR 11–33 Army Lessons Learned Program : System Development and Application This revision-- o Establishes a system to identify

  12. Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas, Fiscal Year 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    TENNESSEE BRISTOL HOLSTON KINGSPORT *CLARKSVILLE ARMY AMMO PLANT •~~~ HENDERSONVILLE 0R--KV"L DYER ,,KNOXVILLE GREEN VILLE AROLD...GROUND AC Tiviry CHARLESTOWN* INDIANA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (8/93-C) EVANSVILLE NSTAT CAPITAL A ARMY INSTALLATION *NAVY INSTALLATION * AF INSTALLATION...BURLINGTON NCO’OVA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Prepared By: Washingto n Headquarters Services Directorate for Information 46 Operations and Reports

  13. U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Ammunition Depot West Loch, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Naval Ammunition Depot West Loch, Oahu, Dispensary, Near Avenue A between First & Second Streets, Lualualei, West Loch Branch Naval Magazine, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  14. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  15. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  16. Defense Logistics: Enhanced Policy and Procedures Needed to Improve Management of Sensitive Conventional Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-01

    manages a stockpile of more than 226,000 SRC I missiles and rockets in the continental United States. SRC I conventional ammunition, which refers to...nonnuclear, portable missiles and rockets in a ready-to-fire configuration, is managed as a higher risk than other conventional ammunition and...Recommendations from DOD Inventory: Weaknesses in Controls Over Category I Rockets 52 Table 10: Status of Recommendations from Inventory Management

  17. 32 CFR 553.7 - Design and layout of Army national cemeteries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Design and layout of Army national cemeteries... RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES ARMY NATIONAL CEMETERIES § 553.7 Design and layout of Army national cemeteries. (a) General cemetery layout plans, landscape planting plans and gravesite layout plans for...

  18. Application of a Solvent Emulsion Technology for PCB Removal from Older Structures on DoD Facilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    11  3.2  ADHERENCE OF SEALANTS ........................................................................... 11  3.3...15  4.2  BADGER ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT........................................................ 15  4.3  JAPANESE MACHINE OIL SITE, YOKOSUKA...5.2.1  Vertical Integration Building .................................................................... 17  5.2.2  Badger Army Ammunition Plant

  19. 50. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, GENERAL ASSEMBLY, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    50. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, GENERAL ASSEMBLY, BUILDINGS I, J, L, & M - LINES 9 & 10.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant. March 13, 1967; revised November 15, 1967, January 3, 1968. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1009.454. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  20. 51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF KETTLES AND DRIVE PLAN, BUILDINGS I, J, L, & M - LINES 9 & 10.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant. March 14, 1967; revised November 14, 1967, January 3, 1968. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1009.456. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  1. Hydroacoustic detection of dumped ammunition in the Ocean with multibeam snippet backscatter analyses. A case study from the 'Kolberger Heide' ammunition dump site (Baltic Sea, Germany)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kunde, Tina; Schneider von Deimling, Jens

    2016-04-01

    Dumped ammunition in the sea is a matter of great concern in terms of safe navigation and environmental threads. Because corrosion of the dumped ammunition's hull is ongoing, future contamination of the ambient water by their toxic interior is likely to occur. The location of such dump sites is approximately known from historical research and ship log book analyses. Subsequent remote sensing of ammunition dumping sites (e.g. mines) on the seafloor is preferentially performed with hydro-acoustic methods such as high resolution towed side scan or by the sophisticated synthetic aperture sonar approach with autonomous underwater vehicles. However, these are time consuming and expensive procedures, while determining the precise position of individual mines remains a challenging task. To mitigate these shortcomings we suggest using ship-born high-frequency multibeam sonar in shallow water to address the task of mine detection and precise localization on the seabed. Multibeam sonar systems have improved their potential in regard to backscatter analyses significantly over the past years and nowadays present fast and accurate tools for shallow water surveying to (1) detect mines in multibeam snippet backscatter data (2) determine their precise location with high accuracy intertial navigation systems. A case study was performed at the prominent ammunition dumping site 'Kolberger Heide' (Baltic Sea, Germany) in the year 2014 using a modern hydro-acoustic multibeam echosounder system with 200-400 kHz (KONGSBERG EM2040c). With an average water depth of not even 20 m and the proximity to the shore line and dense waterways, this investigated area requires permanent navigational care. Previously, the study area was surveyed by the Navy with the very sophisticated HUGIN AUV equipped with a synthetic aperture sonar with best resolution by current technology. Following an evaluation of the collected data, various ammunition bodies on the sea floor could be clearly detected. Analyses

  2. Army Programs: The Army Respiratory Protection Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    leak testing • 3–5, page 4 Maintenance and care of respirators • 3–6, page 4 Procedures for routine worksite inspections • 3–7, page 4 Air quality • 3–8...training provided the DA safety policy for training in smoke is observed. (b) When training and field operations require entrance into con- fined spaces...the Army Respiratory Protection Program as required by law and AR 385–10. 2–3. Commanders of major Army commands Commanders of major Army commands

  3. Modeling, simulation, and evaluation of HE ammunition for counter-RAM systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graswald, Markus; Rothe, Hendrik

    2008-04-01

    Military camps in out-of-area missions are permanently threatened by rockets, artillery projectiles, and mortar grenades (RAM) launched by terrorists. A good portion of these attacks are undertaken by mortars due to their specific advantages for the warfare of irregular forces and their worldwide distribution. The military installations can be protected by counter-RAM systems consisting of several artillery weapons, radar and electro-optical sensors, C2 and fire control computers. A system analysis has shown that the precision of the sensors is vital for defending the camp with low ammunition consumptions. Furthermore, the type of ammunition is also of great impact: 35 mm Ahead ammunition is hardly suited for this application due to its small hit density and low kinetic energy of the sub-projectiles, especially in the case of mortar grenades. Therefore, 155 mm high-explosive (HE) ammunition is investigated using experimentally determined fragment data. Russian mortar projectiles are considered as worst-case RAM targets and their ballistics are mathematically modeled by an air drag function that is also used for computing firing tables. Due to uncertainties of the target positions that are given by an elliptic cylinder for specific sensor parameters, simulations are conducted in order to determine the ammunition consumption. Penetration and detonation criteria for the terminal impact are also considered and the resulting thresholds are displayed in a 3D fragment map. The results show that HE ammunition is superior to low-caliber ammunition because of their high numbers of effective fragments reducing the number of rounds significantly from hundreds to less than ten.

  4. ARMY CYBER STRUCTURE ALIGNMENT

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-16

    Meade , Maryland. USCYBERCOM also has operational command relationships with each of the services’ cyber components that include: Army Cyber Command...domains and deny the same to adversarial forces.36 Lt. Gen. George Flynn, the deputy commandant commanding the Marine Corps Combat Development Command at...www.arcyber.army.mil/Organization/ARCYBERHistory . 12 US Army Cyber Command, “ARCYBER the Next Battlefield,” briefing slides, Ft. Meade , MD, December 10, 2013

  5. Photocopy of photograph in Fitzsimons Army Medical Center real property ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph in Fitzsimons Army Medical Center real property book (green cloth cover), showing south and east sides. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Ice Plant, Southwest Corner of East I Avenue & North Thirteenth Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  6. Measurement of exhaust emissions from diesel-powered forklifts during operations in ammunition-storage magazines. Final report, 23 July 1984-15 March 1985 on Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Ungers, L.J.

    1985-02-01

    Indoor air quality and worker exposures were monitored in Stradley and Igloo-type ammunition magazines during the use of diesel-powered forklifts. Test results indicate that the impact of diesel exhaust on breathing zone exposures and magazine air quality depends largely on the type of operation being performed and the type of magazine being used. Of the two operating scenarios investigated (i.e., loading/unloading and warehousing), warehousing presents the greater potential risk to the health and safety of Army personnel. Of the two magazines investigated, Igloo-type structures of the size encountered in this study are likely to contribute to a hazardous situation. Breathing zone exposures and magazine air quality data were compared with the OSHA permissible exposure levels and ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) threshold limit values. Under the operating conditions, ventilation, and temperatures experienced during the test, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, and carbon monoxide may pose a health risk to Army personnel in small structures similar in size and design to the Igloo-type magazines. A performance hierarchy can be suggested from the results of the air monitoring data. The Still-Deutz and Hyster-Isuzu vehicles appear to have out performed the Hyster-Perkins and Baker-Deutz forklifts. Under the conditions tested the Still-Deutz and Hyster-Isuzu did not exceed any of the OSHA permissible exposure limits for the exhaust components measured.

  7. Army Space and Transformation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    space mission area that stretches back to the 1940s. The Army established doctrine for conducting space operations in support of the Objective Force. This thesis explains why the Army is involved in space from historical, doctrinal and policy perspectives. The Army created force structure for Space Support Elements (SSE) at the tactical level and organic to Division headquarters, and has planned and proposed additional space elements at the Brigade, Corps and Army organizational levels. The FA40, (Space Operations), Career Field is a relatively new personnel category that

  8. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal in...

  9. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal in...

  10. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal in...

  11. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal in...

  12. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal in...

  13. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  14. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  15. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  16. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  17. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor piercing...

  18. Assessing the Army Profession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    pointed questions voiced during Unified Quest 2010 to General (Retired) Fred Franks and the Chief of Staff of the Army, General George Casey. The...Leading vs Leaving: Lack of Development Up the Chain Prompts Many Soldiers to Get Out,” Army Times, May 23, 2011, 16-17; Michelle Tan and Joe Gould , “Toxic

  19. The Baltimore Youth Ammunition Initiative: A Model Application of Local Public Health Authority in Preventing Gun Violence

    PubMed Central

    Lewin, Nancy L.; Vernick, Jon S.; Beilenson, Peter L.; Mair, Julie S.; Lindamood, Melisa M.; Teret, Stephen P.; Webster, Daniel W.

    2005-01-01

    In 2002, the Baltimore City Health Department, in collaboration with the Baltimore Police Department and the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, launched the Youth Ammunition Initiative. The initiative addressed Baltimore’s problem of youth gun violence by targeting illegal firearm ammunition sales to the city’s young people. The initiative included undercover “sting” investigations of local businesses and issuance of health department violation and abatement notices. Intermediate results included the passage of 2 Baltimore city council ordinances regulating ammunition sales and reducing the number of outlets eligible to sell ammunition. Although it is too early to assess effects on violent crime, the intervention could theoretically reduce youth violence by interrupting one source of ammunition to youths. More important, the initiative can serve as a policy model for health commissioners seeking to become more active in gun violence prevention efforts. PMID:15855448

  20. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Army Contract Writing System (ACWS) Defense Acquisition Management Information Retrieval...Program Information Program Name Army Contract Writing System (ACWS) DoD Component Army Responsible Office Program Manager References MAIS... management , execution, and close-out software system . ACWS will facilitate the standardization of Army Procurement business processes and streamline

  1. Biological Treatment of Composition B Wastewaters. 1. Rotating Biological Contactor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    Hazardous Materials Agency ATTN: AMXTH-TE-D Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401 2 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SMCHO-EN Kingsport ...NA pilot-scale rotating biological contactor (RBC) was used to treat wastewaters from explosives production at Holston Army Ammunition Plant . At...waters will be similar to those from Holston Army kimunition Plant (HSAAP), presently the sole domestic source of RDX and S...... Aithoiigh more than

  2. Analysis of Particulates in the Exhaust Plume of a TF30 Engine at Military Power.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-01

    DRX1ITH-TE.DI I Radford Army Ammunition Plant SARRA-Ei I Tooele Arm% D~epot. Chemical Systems Engineering (J. Bishop, .3 Air Force S~stems Command...Agency. Aberdeen Proving Ground (DRXTH-TE-D) I Radford Army Ammunition Plant (SARRA-EN) I Tooele Army Depot. Chemical Systems Engineering (J. Bishop...Laboratory, Tactical Technology Information Center. Columbm, OH I Holston Defense Corporation. Kingsport . TN ( Plant Manager) 2 Los Alamos National

  3. The Military Landscape: Why US Military Installations Are Located Where They Are

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-16

    Philippines), the United States had yet to meet a “modern” European power in battle. The traditional practice of marching forward until you could fire...recruits be- lieved necessary to engage large European armies. Realistic field training, especially in the use of modern equipment and weapons, was...Engine Plant 1940 Joliet, IL Army Ammunition Plant Detroit Arsenal Umatilla, OR Depot Radford, VA Army Ammunition Plant 1941 Badger

  4. Gunshot residue particles formed by using ammunitions that have mercury fulminate based primers.

    PubMed

    Zeichner, A; Levin, N; Dvorachek, M

    1992-11-01

    Ammunition having mercury fulminate-based primers are commonly manufactured by Eastern Bloc countries and used extensively in the Middle East. Gunshot residue (GSR) particles formed by firing these types of ammunition were examined. It was observed that much lower percentage of mercury-containing GSR particles were found in samples taken from a shooter as compared to the percentage of such particles in samples from cartridge cases. This fact must therefore be taken into account when interpreting case results. A plausible explanation for the results described is proposed.

  5. Accident-Prone Risk-Factors in the Production of Pyrotechnic Ammunitions and Preventive Measures Therefor,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Space Mission . The scope of discussion in this paper has been restricted to the Manufacture of one of the main constituents of the Pyrotechnic Ammunition - The ’Candle’. The Candle is compressed from the Pyrotechnic Compositions - either Bare with proper outer lining or encompassed into a metal container with suitable inner lining/coating. The size of the candle depends upon the calibre of the Ammunition. In order that the Risk-factors and their severity are properly appreciated the various processing stages in the manufacture of the candle are

  6. Index to Army Times 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    1991; 51(26): p. 6. ARMY--REORGANIZATION Investigators chaLLenge cadre concept. Army Times; Sept. 30, 1991; 52(9): p. 6. ARROW (MISSILE)-- ISRAEL ...p. 10. NUTRITION--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Tickling palates with pizza, pouch bread. Army Times; Nov. 18, 1991; 52(16): p. 10. OBESITY Poor...Aviators awarded. Army Times; June 24, 1991; 51(48): p. 15. Honoring Patriot crews in Israel . Army Times; Apr. 1, 1991; 51(35): p. 17. House passes

  7. Army thermophotovoltaic efforts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kruger, John S.; Guazzoni, Guido; Nawrocki, Selma J.

    1999-03-01

    A presentation and description of the several efforts in Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) Energy Conversion for power generation supported/monitored by the Army is provided with their more recent technical status and results. The efforts are related to small business (SBIR, STTR) contracts, academic research grants (MURI), and contracts awarded as the result of specialized solicitations. This paper covers a number of Army potential uses of the TPV power generation and is an attempt to give a more cohesive and integrated picture of the various military interests in TPV. With the exception of low power (<10 W) units, all Army potential uses of TPV power sources will demand operation with logistically available fuels.

  8. Army Medical Robotics Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Army Medical Robotics Research Gary Gilbert, Ph.D., U.S. Army TATRC, Ph: (301) 619-4043, Fax: (301) 619-2518 gilbert@tatrc.org, www.tatrc.org...politically sensitive low intensity combat in urban terrain. Research progress has been made in the areas of robotics ; artificial intelligence...institutions have demonstrated intelligent robots that execute functions ranging from performing mechanical repairs to playing soccer. The military has

  9. Army Digitization Operational Impacts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-06-01

    Army Digitization Operational Impacts Fred P. Stein MITRE Corporation HQS III Corps & Fort Hood ATTN: AFZF-DFCC Bldg. 1001, Rm. 316W Fort Hood, TX...one systems, necessary for minimum capability will be fielded to units at Fort Hood. This paper will describe the impact of these news systems on the...of the new technologies. Finally it will project the impact on the objective systems on the operational Army. This paper will provide a view of what

  10. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., paragraph B) of DoD 5100.76-M, Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives... subcontractors, for the purpose of performing surveys, inspections, and investigations necessary to review compliance with the physical security standards applicable to this contract. (e) The Contractor shall notify...

  11. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., ammunition, and explosives (AA&E),” as used in this clause, means those items within the scope (chapter 1.... (b) The requirements of DoD 5100.76-M apply to the following items of AA&E being developed, produced... the cognizant DSS field office of any subcontract involving AA&E within 10 days after award of the...

  12. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., ammunition, and explosives (AA&E),” as used in this clause, means those items within the scope (chapter 1.... (b) The requirements of DoD 5100.76-M apply to the following items of AA&E being developed, produced... the cognizant DSS field office of any subcontract involving AA&E within 10 days after award of the...

  13. 75 FR 58377 - Lead in Ammunition and Fishing Sinkers; Disposition of TSCA Section 21 Petition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... AGENCY Lead in Ammunition and Fishing Sinkers; Disposition of TSCA Section 21 Petition AGENCY... section 6(a) the manufacture, processing, and distribution in commerce of (1) lead bullets and shot; and (2) lead fishing sinkers. On August 27, 2010, EPA denied the first request due to a lack of authority...

  14. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... to cease performance on all or part of this contract. The Contractor shall not resume performance... performance schedule unless the Contracting Officer later determines that the Contractor had in fact complied...

  15. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... to cease performance on all or part of this contract. The Contractor shall not resume performance... performance schedule unless the Contracting Officer later determines that the Contractor had in fact complied...

  16. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... to cease performance on all or part of this contract. The Contractor shall not resume performance... performance schedule unless the Contracting Officer later determines that the Contractor had in fact complied...

  17. 48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Safety precautions for...

  18. 48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Safety precautions for...

  19. 48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety precautions for...

  20. 48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Safety precautions for...

  1. 48 CFR 223.370 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Hazardous Material Identification and Material Safety Data 223.370 Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Safety precautions for...

  2. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms... nonimmigrant alien. (a) Any nonimmigrant alien who completes an ATF Form 6 to import firearms or ammunition... for a nonimmigrant alien, must attach applicable documentation to the Form 6 (e.g., a hunting license...

  3. An Analysis of the Navy Conventional Gun Ammunition Inventory Management System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    are identified by Navy Ammunition Logistics Codes (NALCs) or Departaent of Defense •l- 4 Identification Coies (DODICs) and lot numbers , which...Logistics Codes) or aay have Buitiple production lot numbers within a single NALC, or any ccabination of the two. This information is neces- sary

  4. 9 mm ammunition used in a 40 caliber glock pistol: an atypical gunshot wound.

    PubMed

    Thogmartin, J R; Start, D A

    1998-05-01

    Atypical gunshot wounds due to ricochet and intermediate targets have been well described in the literature. We represent a case of suicide with an atypical entrance wound and bullet without rifling marks due to 9 mm ammunition being loaded and fired from a 40 caliber semiautomatic pistol.

  5. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 47 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import... implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification, (d)...

  6. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal protective gear.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal... REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT AND TEMPORARY IMPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms... permit the export without a license of: (1) Parts and components for USML Category I(a) firearms, except...

  7. 27 CFR 478.40a - Transfer and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... title I of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 for purposes of establishing and maintaining an on-site... or contractor of such licensee on-site for such purposes or off-site for purposes of licensee... Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778). (c) Importation, manufacture, and dealing in large capacity ammunition...

  8. Feasibility Study of 5.56 MM Folded Ammunition/Weapon System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-09-01

    DeflectLon at Nodes Located on I.D ............ .. 18 II. Comparison of Internal Diameter Deflections ........... ... 19 Ili. Hardness Readings of Heat...4 2. Ammunition/Weapon System Comparison ......... ............ 5 3. Conventional vs Folded Packing Volume... Comparisons ..... . 4. Ca rtr Ig Compnrtsnris ..l.s ....... ................... . .... List of Illustrations - Cont’d Figure Pae 5. Design Analysis

  9. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  10. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  11. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  12. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  13. Characterization of Air Emissions from Open Burning and Open Detonation of Gun Propellants and Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-07

    reporting requirements of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), the National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI), and to update the Canadian...CFAD Canadian Forces Ammunition Depot Cl Chloride CO Carbon monoxide CO2 Carbon dioxide DGLEPM Director General Land Equipment Program Management DND...General Land Equipment Program Management (DGLEPM) and the Defence Research and Development Canada -Valcartier (DRDC-Valartier) to assess

  14. Copper and zinc content in wild game shot with lead or non-lead ammunition - implications for consumer health protection.

    PubMed

    Schlichting, Daniela; Sommerfeld, Christine; Müller-Graf, Christine; Selhorst, Thomas; Greiner, Matthias; Gerofke, Antje; Ulbig, Ellen; Gremse, Carl; Spolders, Markus; Schafft, Helmut; Lahrssen-Wiederholt, Monika

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the contamination of game meat with copper and zinc and establish whether the use of alternative (non-lead) ammunition can lead to higher or unsafe levels of copper and zinc in the meat of roe deer, wild boar and red deer. The research project "Safety of game meat obtained through hunting" (LEMISI) was conducted in Germany with the purpose of examining the entry of lead as well as copper and zinc into the meat of hunted game when using either lead or non-lead ammunition. The outcome of this study shows that the usage of both lead-based ammunition and alternative non-lead ammunition results in the entry of copper and zinc into the edible parts of the game. Using non-lead ammunition does not entail dangerously elevated levels of copper and zinc, so replacing lead ammunition with alternative ammunition does not introduce a further health problem with regard to these metals. The levels of copper and zinc in game meat found in this study are in the range found in previous studies of game. The content of copper and zinc in game meat is also comparable to those regularly detected in meat and its products from livestock (pig, cattle, sheep) for which the mean human consumption rate is much higher. From the viewpoint of consumer health protection, the use of non-lead ammunition does not pose an additional hazard through copper and zinc contamination. A health risk due to the presence of copper and zinc in game meat at typical levels of consumer exposure is unlikely for both types of ammunition.

  15. [Use of traditional Chinese medicine during the Red Army period in Chinese history].

    PubMed

    Wang, Fa-wei; Chen, Li-ping; Hu, Jian; Zhang, Gang

    2011-10-01

    In this paper, the authors make an analysis of the historical literature during the Red Army period of the agrarian revolution war, dealing with the situation of traditional Chinese medicine in the Red Army. During that time the Red Army had created revolutionary medical hospitals, gathering herbal medicine, growing herbal plants and producing Chinese medicines. At the same time the Red Army paid great attention to enriching Chinese medicine, cultivating practitioners and treating and preventing diseases using traditional Chinese medicine. During the Red Army period there was an extreme lack of medical facilities; traditional Chinese medicine played an important role in ensuring the fighting capabilities of the Red Army units. Looking back at the Red Army period, the development of our tradition can be seen, which enables future development of traditional Chinese medicine, as well as integrated medicine.

  16. Index to Army Times 1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    task force told. Army Times; Mar. 14, 1988; 48(31): p. 52. DENTAL RECORDS Army behind in dental record effort. Army Times; Nov. 21, 1988; 49(15): p. 27...p. 17. MILITARY DEPENDENTS-- DENTAL CARE Dental insurance for military families may be expanded. Army Times; Aug. 22, 1988; 49(2): p. 24. MILITARY...compensation bill. Army Times; May 2, 1988; 48(38): p. 38. PENTAGON MEDITATION CLUB Meditators, Soviets munch pasta , push peace. Army Times; May 23, 1988; 48

  17. 78 FR 18473 - Army Privacy Act Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... Department of the Army 32 CFR Part 505 Army Privacy Act Program AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Department of the Army is amending its rule on notification of the Army... in Sec. 505.12. The address for notifying the Army Litigation Division of cases citing the...

  18. Army ants: an evolutionary bestseller?

    PubMed

    Berghoff, Stefanie M

    2003-09-02

    Army ants are characterized by a complex combination of behavioral and morphological traits. Molecular data now indicate that army ant behavior has a unique evolutionary origin and has been conserved for over more than 100 million years.

  19. Index to Army Times 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    CHAMPUS to revise health-care rules. Army Times; Mar. 26, 1990; 50(33): p. 9. CHAMPUS- - CHIROPRACTIC TREATMENT Chiropractic coverage tested. Army Times...FORCES--PANAMA--AMERICAN INVASION, 1989-1990 Women’s action investigated. Army Times; Feb. 5, 1990; 50(26): p. 10. WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES-- PREGNANCY ... Pregnancy a growing problem in early outs. Army Times; Sept. 3, 1990; 51(4): p. 10. WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES--RECRUITING, ENLISTMENT, ETC. No special

  20. How the Army Resists Change

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    a December 2006 speech to the Commission on National Guard and Reserves, Army Chief of Staff General Schoomaker stated “Following 9/11, our Army...the Army Management Staff College. 7 But in a speech at the Citadel in December of 2001, President Bush stated “The need for military...6 General Peter Schoomaker, "The Official Homepage of the United States Army." Speeches . December 14, 2006

  1. Test Operations Procedure (TOP) 04-4-004A Natural Cold Weather Environment Test of Ammunition, Small Arms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-30

    smoke, muzzle flash, ice fog, and sound of the test ammunition when fired under natural cold environmental conditions. d. Manpack Mobility. The...barrels Barrels chambered for the specific test ammunition and ported for electronic or crusher type pressure gauges. b. Table 2 presents...a. When firing in temperatures below 29 ºC (-20 ºF), tracer observation may be obscured by the occurrence of ice fog from the muzzle blast. Ice fog

  2. Aeroacoustic research: An Army perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morse, H. A.; Schmitz, F. H.

    1978-01-01

    A short perspective of the Army aeroacoustic research program is presented that emphasizes rotary wing, aerodynamically generated noise. Exciting breakthroughs in experimental techniques and facilities are reviewed which are helping build a detailed understanding of helicopter external noise. Army and joint Army/NASA supported research programs in acoustics which promise to reduce the noise of future helicopters without severe performance penalties are included.

  3. Army Ordnance Satellite Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1958-11-01

    movement, I n a 1958 a r t i c l e prepared f o r t h e Army Information Digest Prof, Oberth advocated j u s t t h i s type propulsion f o r a...p r o j e c t o n Before t h e s e 44. Maj. Gen. H. N, Toftoy, "Army Miss i l e development^" Amv Information Digest , Vole 11, No. 22, Dec...exhausted, 16 15. General Toftoy, Amy Information Digest , Dec. 1956, Vol, 11, No, 12, p. 25-27, ARGMA Technical Library f i l e s , 16, Throughout

  4. Factors Influencing Army Maintenance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    ARI Research Note 89-11 (N 00 Factors Influencing Army Maintenance LOloD Debra C. Evans and J. Thomas Roth Applied Science Associates, Inc. for...1.2.7 .2.7.C.1 11. TITLE (Include Security ClassifIcarIon) Factors Influencing Army Maintenance i2. FERSONAL AuTtiOR(S) Evans, Debra C., and Roth, J...y • ’ Factors and variables that influence maintenance for systems and related manpower, per- sonnel, and training (MPT) characteristics were

  5. Index to Army Times 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    1989; 50(6): p. 8. RETIRED MILITARY PERSONNEL--LAW AND LEGISLATION Bee swarm of bills: stingers or honey ? Army Times; Feb. 6, 1989; 49(26): p. 18...takes its tolL--even on drill sergeants. Army Times; Oct. 16, 1989; 50(10): p. 20. DRONE AIRCRAFT Unmanned scout plane planned to give infantry the big...50): p. 26. Plans overhauled for unmanned scout planes. Army Times; Aug. 7, 1989; 49(52): p. 28. Army drone may see action in drug war. Army Times; Oct

  6. Results of a Study Investigating the Plant Uptake of Explosive Residues From Compost of Explosives-Contaminated Soil Obtained from the Umatilla Army Depot Activity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-11-01

    Lactuca sativa variety Bibb), which was used to test seed germination during the...warm season crop. • Lettuce ( Lactuca sativa variety Bibb) - A small-seeded, cool season salad crop. This plant was used in the Seed Germination Study...es 1 O I" o U ’S </> o 1 o u 1 c o U 43 𔃺 < 0 < Si o\\ g ft W u 44 CB C3 ( Lactuca sativa variety Bibb), and kale

  7. A novel method for the photographic recovery of fingermark impressions from ammunition cases using digital imaging.

    PubMed

    Porter, Glenn; Ebeyan, Robert; Crumlish, Charles; Renshaw, Adrian

    2015-03-01

    The photographic preservation of fingermark impression evidence found on ammunition cases remains problematic due to the cylindrical shape of the deposition substrate preventing complete capture of the impression in a single image. A novel method was developed for the photographic recovery of fingermarks from curved surfaces using digital imaging. The process involves the digital construction of a complete impression image made from several different images captured from multiple camera perspectives. Fingermark impressions deposited onto 9-mm and 0.22-caliber brass cartridge cases and a plastic 12-gauge shotgun shell were tested using various image parameters, including digital stitching method, number of images per 360° rotation of shell, image cropping, and overlap. The results suggest that this method may be successfully used to recover fingermark impression evidence from the surfaces of ammunition cases or other similar cylindrical surfaces. © 2014 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  8. The transition to non-lead rifle ammunition in Denmark: National obligations and policy considerations.

    PubMed

    Kanstrup, Niels; Thomas, Vernon G; Krone, Oliver; Gremse, Carl

    2016-09-01

    The issue of Denmark regulating use of lead-free rifle ammunition because of potential risks of lead exposure in wildlife and humans was examined from a scientific and objective policy perspective. The consequences of adopting or rejecting such regulation were identified. Denmark is obliged to examine this topic because of its national policy on lead reduction, its being a Party to the UN Bonn Convention on Migratory Species, and its role in protecting White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla), a species prone to lead poisoning from lead ingestion. Lead-free bullets suited for deer hunting are available at comparable cost to lead bullets, and have been demonstrated to be as effective. National adoption of lead-free bullets would complete the Danish transition to lead-free ammunition use. It would reduce the risk of lead exposure to scavenging wildlife, and humans who might eat lead-contaminated wild game meat. Opposition from hunting organizations would be expected.

  9. Effects of TNT leakage from dumped ammunition on fish and invertebrates in static brackish water systems.

    PubMed

    Ek, Helene; Nilsson, Eva; Dave, Göran

    2008-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to study the release and effect of TNT from dumped ammunition. Cleaved artillery shells were placed in static brackish water systems for 5 months, and another 12 months with 5 cm sediment burial. The toxicity was determined in bioassays with crustaceans (Nitocra spinipes and Hyalella azteca) and/or European flounder (Platichtys flesus). The water phase was analysed for TNT using colorimetric method and GC-MS. This study showed a rapid release of TNT to acutely toxic concentrations when the cleaved ammuniton was not covered with sediment under static conditions, but that the release was effectively inhibited by sediment burial of the artillery shells. Hence, at least in a short-term perspective, acute adverse effects of sediment-buried ammunition on aquatic organisms should be greatly reduced.

  10. Chimpanzees prey on army ants at Seringbara, Nimba Mountains, Guinea: predation patterns and tool use characteristics.

    PubMed

    Koops, Kathelijne; Schöning, Caspar; McGrew, William C; Matsuzawa, Tetsuro

    2015-03-01

    Chimpanzees are renowned for their use of foraging tools in harvesting social insects and some populations use tools to prey on aggressive army ants (Dorylus spp.). Tool use in army ant predation varies across chimpanzee study sites with differences in tool length, harvesting technique, and army ant species targeted. However, surprisingly little is known about the detailed ecology of army ant predation. We studied army ant predation by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at the Seringbara study site in the Nimba Mountains, Guinea (West Africa), over 10 years (2003-2013). We investigated chimpanzee selectivity with regards to army ant prey species. We assessed the temporal variation in army ant-feeding and examined whether army ant predation was related to rainfall or ripe fruit availability. Moreover, we examined whether chimpanzees showed selectivity regarding plant species used for tool manufacture, as well as the relationship between tool species preference and tool collection distance. Lastly, we measured tool properties and investigated the use of tool sets and composite tools in army ant predation. Seringbara chimpanzees preyed on one army ant species (D. nigricans) more often than expected based on encounter rates, which may be explained by the overlap in altitudinal distribution between chimpanzees and D. nigricans. Army ant predation was not related to rainfall or fruit availability. Chimpanzees were selective in their choice of tool materials and collected their preferred tool species (Alchornea hirtella) from greater distances than they did other species. Lastly, Seringbara chimpanzees used both tool sets and composite tools (tree perch) in army ant predation. Tool types (dig vs. dip) differed in width and strength, but not length. Tool composites were found at 40% of ant-feeding sites. Our study sheds new light on the ecology of army ant predation and provides novel insights into chimpanzee selection of army ant prey and tool species.

  11. Safety and Suitability for Service Assessment Testing of Large Caliber Ammunition Greater Than 40MM

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-02

    decompression can result when cabin pressurization is lost during an accident scenario in a transport aircraft. For large caliber gun ammunition, such loss of...HAZARDS. Blast Overpressure, Impulse Noise , and Toxicity Tests are primarily tests aimed at examining the pressure, level of noise , and toxic gasses...conduct them concurrently with other tests. A.4-2.1 Acoustic Energy (Blast Overpressure and Impulse Noise ). Blast Overpressure and Impulse Noise are

  12. Bioaccessibility of Pb from Ammunition in Game Meat Is Affected by Cooking Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Mateo, Rafael; Baos, Ana R.; Vidal, Dolors; Camarero, Pablo R.; Martinez-Haro, Monica; Taggart, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Background The presence of lead (Pb) ammunition residues in game meat has been widely documented, yet little information exists regarding the bioaccessibility of this Pb contamination. We study how cooking treatment (recipe) can affect Pb bioaccessibility in meat of animals hunted with Pb ammunition. Methodology/Principal Findings We used an in vitro gastrointestinal simulation to study bioaccessibility. The simulation was applied to meat from red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) hunted with Pb shot pellets and cooked using various traditional Spanish game recipes involving wine or vinegar. Total Pb concentrations in the meat were higher in samples with visible Pb ammunition by X-ray (mean±SE: 3.29±1.12 µg/g w.w.) than in samples without this evidence (1.28±0.61 µg/g). The percentage of Pb that was bioaccessible within the simulated intestine phase was far higher in meat cooked with vinegar (6.75%) and wine (4.51%) than in uncooked meat (0.7%). Risk assessment simulations using our results transformed to bioavailability and the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic model (IEUBK; US EPA) show that the use of wine instead of vinegar in cooking recipes may reduce the percentage of children that would be expected to have >10 µg/dl of Pb in blood from 2.08% to 0.26% when game meat represents 50% of the meat in diet. Conclusions/Significance Lead from ammunition in game meat is more bioaccessible after cooking, especially when using highly acidic recipes. These results are important because existing theoretical models regarding Pb uptake and subsequent risk in humans should take such factors into account. PMID:21264290

  13. Relational Database Design of a Shipboard Ammunition Inventory, Requisitioning, and Reporting System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    ammunition has neither lot numbers nor serial numbers. These different views of the problem require different objects. In addition, we need to capture...or lot numbers . Appendix E de- scribes the adding (posting), editing, and deleting of TRANSACTION instances. (4) Read and Write LO7 SERIAL, and...or lot numbers . (5) Read and Write REQUISITION and REQN LINE ITEAf Objects. Armunition requisitions are created, updated, and displayed using the form

  14. Evaluation of a community-based safe firearm and ammunition storage intervention.

    PubMed

    Simonetti, Joseph A; Rowhani-Rahbar, Ali; King, Cassie; Bennett, Elizabeth; Rivara, Frederick P

    2017-06-22

    Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of unintentional and self-inflicted firearm injuries among household members, though many firearms remain unlocked and/or loaded. Conduct a preliminary evaluation of a community-based firearm safety intervention and assess participants' preferences for firearm locking devices and their comfort with potential firearm safety counsellors. Baseline event and follow-up surveys among adult participants to assess changes in firearm storage practices, including whether all household firearms were stored locked, all were unloaded, all ammunition was locked, and a composite measure assessing whether all firearms were locked and unloaded and all ammunition was stored locked. A total of 206 out of 415 participants completed both surveys and were included. Nearly 9 in 10 respondents preferred the firearm lock box rather than a trigger lock. At follow-up, a significantly greater proportion reported that all household firearms were locked (+13.7%) and unloaded (+8.5%) and a non-significantly greater proportion reported that all ammunition was locked (+6.3%). A significantly greater proportion reported practising all three safe firearm and ammunition storage practices at follow-up (+12.6%). A majority reported they would be comfortable or very comfortable discussing firearm safety with various safety counsellors, though women were less likely to do so than men. This intervention that included distribution of a free, participant-selected locking device improved safe firearm storage practices among participants. Differences in participant preferences for devices and safety counsellors suggest that a 'one size fits all' approach may be inadequate in affecting population-level storage practices. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  15. Concept of Field Storage of Ammunition and Explosives in 20’ Standard Container

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-01

    Concept of Field Storage of Ammunition and Explosives in 20’ Standard Container Niels K. Madsen, Steen Hjelm Madsen & Anders Juhl Thomsen DEMEX ...Consulting Engineers A/S Hejrevej 26, DK-2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark ABSTRACT This paper presents a summary of the work carried out by DEMEX Consulting... DEMEX Consulting Engineers A/S,Hejrevej 26,DK-2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark, 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING

  16. The Army Budget. FY 1992/1993 Amended President’s Budget. Rapidly Deployable and Reinforcing Strategic Deterrence Forward Presence Reconstitution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Weapon System-Medium JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff JP-4/JP- 5 Jet Fuel JP-8 Turbine Fuel, aviation and ground vehicles JRTC Joint Readiness Training Center LOG...6% 30% 48% 8/ 4% WEAPON & TRACKED COMBAT VEHICLES 2% 42% 37% 11% 5 % AMMUNITION 41% 6% 40% -12% 20% OTHER PROCUREMENT, ARMY 10% 33% 28% 17% 7...AND OTHER COMBAT VEHICLES 0 RRWITZE% LT TOWED 105MM, M119 42 26.8 86 36.4 87 47.8 IA HINE UN 5 56MM ( SAW) 5930 11.4 2316 5.8 4416 9.8 GRENADE LAUNCHER

  17. Army Strong, Superintendent Savvy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellon, Ericka

    2011-01-01

    Brigadier General Anthony "Tony" Tata of the U.S. Army had one of those "ah-ha" moments in April 2006 when, on the eve of an operation he was heading in Afghanistan, an Al Qaeda rocket shattered a nearby school. The attack killed a teacher and seven students and wounded dozens more. The rocket incident eventually nudged Tata…

  18. Branding the Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-05-25

    be sure, a comprehensive recruitment campaign should leverage the strengths of incentives, recruiter saturation, and marketing to be successful ...recruitment campaign should leverage the strengths of incentives, recruiter saturation, and marketing to be successful . This monograph focuses...13 Selling the Army: The History of Marketing Successes and Failures ............................................ 15 The 1970s: A

  19. Army Strong, Superintendent Savvy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellon, Ericka

    2011-01-01

    Brigadier General Anthony "Tony" Tata of the U.S. Army had one of those "ah-ha" moments in April 2006 when, on the eve of an operation he was heading in Afghanistan, an Al Qaeda rocket shattered a nearby school. The attack killed a teacher and seven students and wounded dozens more. The rocket incident eventually nudged Tata…

  20. Army Leader Transitions Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Initiate Organizational Communication (STRATCOM) Plan Step 3: Build and Sustain Knowledge Management Systems Step 4: Build Coalitions Internally and...Externally Step 5: Eliminate Needless Constraints PHASE VI: SUSTAINING (D+91+) Step 1: Manage Organizational Systems and Operations Step 2...field manuals and Army regulations and system -oriented technical manuals. Review Organizational Results Conduct a review of results oriented

  1. Characterisation of gunshot residue from three ammunition types using suppressed anion exchange chromatography.

    PubMed

    Gilchrist, Elizabeth; Jongekrijg, Fleur; Harvey, Laura; Smith, Norman; Barron, Leon

    2012-09-10

    Gunshot residue (GSR) is commonly analysed in forensic casework using either scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Relatively little work has been reported on the post-discharge GSR content of non-metallic inorganic or low molecular weight organic anions to distinguish between different ammunition types. The development of an analytical method using suppressed micro-bore anion exchange chromatography (IC) is presented for the analysis of GSR. A hydroxide gradient was optimised for the separation of 19 forensically relevant organic and inorganic anions in <23min and sensitivities of the order of 0.12-3.52ng of anion detected for all species were achieved. Along with an optimised extraction procedure, this method was applied to the analysis of post-ignition residues from three selected ammunition types. By profiling and comparing the anionic content in each ammunition residue, the possibility to distinguish between each type using their anionic profiles and absolute weight is presented. The potential for interference is also discussed with respect to sample types which are typically problematic in the analysis of GSR using SEM-EDX and GC-MS. To the best of our knowledge this represents the first study on the analysis of inorganic anions in GSR using suppressed ion chromatography.

  2. A Miniaturized Magnetic Induction Sensor Using Geomagnetism for Turn Count of Small-Caliber Ammunition

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Sang-Hee; Lee, Seok-Woo; Lee, Young-Ho; Oh, Jong-Soo

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a miniaturized magnetic induction sensor (MMIS), where geomagnetism and high rpm rotation of ammunition are used to detect the turn number of the ammunition for applications to small-caliber turn-counting fuzes. The MMIS, composed of cores and a coil, has a robust structure without moving parts to increase the shock survivability in a gunfire environment of ∼30,000 g's. The MMIS is designed and fabricated on the basis of the simulation results of an electromagnetic analysis tool, Maxwell® 3D. In the experimental study, static MMIS test using a solenoid-coil apparatus and dynamic MMIS test (firing test) have been made. The present MMIS has shown that an induction voltage of 6.5 mVp-p is generated at a magnetic flux density of 0.05 mT and a rotational velocity of 30,000 rpm. From the measured signal, MMIS has shown a signal-to-noise ratio of 44.0 dB, a nonlinearity of 0.59%, a frequency-normalized sensitivity of 0.256±0.010 V/T·Hz and a drift of 0.27% in the temperature range of -30∼+43°C. Firing test has shown that the MMIS can be used as a turn-counting sensor for small-caliber ammunition, verifying the shock survivability of the MMIS in a high-g environment.

  3. Less-lethal hybrid ammunition wounds: a forensic assessment introducing bullet-skin-bone entity.

    PubMed

    de Freminville, Humbert; Prat, Nicolas; Rongieras, Frederic; Voiglio, Eric J

    2010-09-01

    Agencies all around the world now use less-lethal weapons with homogeneous missiles such as bean bag or rubber bullets. Contusions and sometimes significant morbidity have been reported. This study focuses on wounds caused by hybrid ammunition with the pathologists' flap-by-flap procedure. Twenty-four postmortem human subjects were used, and lesions caused on frontal, temporal, sternal, and left tibial regions by a 40-mm hybrid ammunition (33 g weight) were evaluated on various distance range. The 50% risk of fractures occurred at 79.2 m/sec on the forehead, 72.9 m/sec on the temporal, 72.5 m/sec on the sternum, and 76.7 m/sec on the tibia. Skin lesions were not predictors of bone fracture. There was no correlation between soft and bone tissue observed lesions and impact velocity (correlated to distance range). Lesions observed with hybrid ammunition were the result of bullet-skin-bone entity as the interaction of the projectile on skin and bone tissues.

  4. Impact of ammunition and military explosives on human health and the environment.

    PubMed

    Lima, Débora R S; Bezerra, Marcio L S; Neves, Eduardo B; Moreira, Fátima R

    2011-01-01

    To review the literature concerning the risks associated with the main xenobiotics contained in military ammunition and explosive residues and damage to human and environmental health. Using "ammunition", "military", "environmental", "health", "explosive", "metal", "TNT", "RDX", "pollution", and "contamination" as search terms, a large database, namely ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed, was searched for studies on military ammunition and explosive residues from 1989 to 2010. Other sources used to conduct the search included the library of the Toxicology Laboratory of the Center for Workers' Health and Human Ecology (CESTEH) at the National School of Public Health. In total, 15 different combinations were used with the search words above and 708 papers were found. Among them, 76 papers concerned this review. More than 12 references of interest were discovered in the library of the CESTEH. The results were organized into metals, dinitrotoluene, trinitrotoluene (TNT), and royal demolition explosive (RDX), showing their main uses, occurrence in the environment, the current toxic effects to human and environmental health, and remediation possibilities. Because military activities can cause the acute and chronic exposure of human beings, the public administration must aim politics towards suitable environmental management.

  5. Terminal ballistic characteristics of Hydra-Shok ammunition: a description of three cases.

    PubMed

    Sperry, K; Sweeney, E S

    1988-01-01

    The Hydra-Shok bullet is characterized by a hollow-point construction, with a distinctive central post in the base of the hollow. These features allow such missiles to be easily identified during the course of an autopsy examination of a gunshot victim. Higher velocity loadings of the Hydra-Shok may fragment along the wound path, occasionally forming a ring-like fragment that suggests this ammunition, but this feature cannot be considered unique. Although radiographic examination is helpful in bullet localization, the characteristic central post may be identified by X-ray only if sufficient expansion results in its exposure. Three cases of shooting deaths involving Hydra-Shok bullets are presented and discussed; in each case, the entrance wounds were indistinguishable from entrances associated with conventional ammunition, and in no instance did the missiles exit from the body (including head, chest, and abdominal wounds). Familiarity with relatively unusual ammunition types such as the Hydra-Shok allows for quick identification by the pathologist at the time of autopsy.

  6. 76 FR 66282 - Army Educational Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ... Department of the Army Army Educational Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... CFR 102-3.150, the following meeting notice is announced: Name of Committee: U.S. Army War College Subcommittee of the Army Education Advisory Committee. Dates of Meeting: November 15, 2011. Place of Meeting:...

  7. Army Power and Energy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    2011 GreenGov Symposium Oct. 31 ‐ Nov. 2, 2011 Washington Hilton  Washington, DC Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy...Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy Portfolio November 1, 2011 Army Energy in... Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy Portfolio November 1, 2011 3 Army Energy Consumption, 2010 Facilities Vehicles

  8. Impact of the California Lead Ammunition Ban on Reducing Lead Exposure in Golden Eagles and Turkey Vultures

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Terra R.; Bloom, Peter H.; Torres, Steve G.; Hernandez, Yvette Z.; Poppenga, Robert H.; Boyce, Walter M.; Johnson, Christine K.

    2011-01-01

    Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites. PMID:21494329

  9. Impact of the California lead ammunition ban on reducing lead exposure in golden eagles and turkey vultures.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Terra R; Bloom, Peter H; Torres, Steve G; Hernandez, Yvette Z; Poppenga, Robert H; Boyce, Walter M; Johnson, Christine K

    2011-04-06

    Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites.

  10. Army Sociocultural Performance Requirements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    L. M. V., & Herman, J. L. (2007). Cross-cultural competency in Army leaders: A conceptual and empirical foundation (Study Report 2008-01). Arlington...2010). A framework for cross-cultural competence and learning recommendations. Orlando, FL: Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division...McCloskey, M. J., Grandjean, A., Behymer, K. J., & Ross, K. (2010). Assessing the development of cross-cultural competence in Soldiers. (Technical

  11. 2010 Army Modernization Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    leader. Over time, the Army will divest the various commercial- grade hand-held radios (commonly called Land Mobile Radios or LMRs), making them...both 7.62 and .50 Caliber sniper systems. The 7.62 sniper system was recently modernized with the fielding of the M110 Semiautomatic Sniper System...Terrain Container Handler Science and Technology Situational Awareness Soldier as a System Semiautomatic Sniper System Stryker Brigade Combat Team

  12. Army Contigency Contracting.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-11-01

    position of the United States Army. The pronouns "he," "his," and "him," when used in this publication represent both the masculine and feminine genders...comprehensive review of the literature base and interviews with gov- erment and industry personnel on the subjects of international contrac- ting...handling, container handling, machine tools, power generation, etc) are either in short supply or inadequate for the scope of work envisioned. The

  13. Army Public Service Advertising.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    34 Marketing and Media Decisions, January 1982, p. 63. 6U.S., General Accounting Office, " Advertising for Military Recruiting," p. 10. 7Dean L. Yarwood...talent and necessary training, they said. 4 8 An article in Marketing and Media Decisions 4 9 offered a brief synopsis of military recruitment advertising ...support, public relations, marketing research, and analysis. The N. W. Ayer field representative’s Army counterpart is the Advertising and Sales

  14. Army Strategic Energy Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-09

    3 Cells Modules Packs UNCLASSIFIED TARDEC’s End-to-End Energy Business: From Generation to Application 4UNCLASSIFIED Smart-Charging Micro-Grid...Installation of microgrid at Schofield Barracks, tied to critical infrastructure • Photovolatic array • Dedicated electric vehicle charging • Grid...Installation Forward Base / Camp Vehicle Battery-Fuel Cell Hybrid Battery-Battery Hybrid Soldier Soldier Army Advanced Energy Initiative: Concept for

  15. Returning to Army Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-15

    Matthews and Dale E. Brown (Washington, DC: Pergamon- Brassey ‟ s , 1989), 3. 36 Ibid. 37 Ibid. 22 38 Ibid., 8. 39 Mary Blake French, ed., “Do We Need... S ) Colonel John M. Riley 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND...MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM( S ) U.S. Army War College 122 Forbes Avenue 122 Forbes Avenue

  16. Revolutionizing Army Leader Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    historical perspective . While it is relatively common knowledge that education and the military profession have been inherently intertwined since the...17013-5050 USAWC CLASS OF 2011 The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle State Association of...Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional accrediting

  17. The American Armies: 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    implications of these changes for national sovereignty, identity, and security. Additionally, the study considers how proposed military reductions will...funded research and development center (FFRDC) for studies and analysis operated by RAND. The Arroyo Center provides the Army with objective, independent...chaired by the Vice Chief of Staff and by the Assistant Secretary for Research, Development, and Acquisition. Arroyo Center work is performed under

  18. Future of Army Water Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Energy/ Water Nexus • Thermoelectric power • Geothermal • Biofuels • Solar-hot water • Hydropower • Carbon Capture • “ Fracking ” Regional Water Balance...patterns of seasonal and regional water distribution  Condition of distribution systems  Topography  Water quality  Non-point source pollution ...Future of Army Water Studies Marc Kodack Senior Fellow, Army Environmental Policy Institute/Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army

  19. Army Energy Security Implementation Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-13

    Army for Energy and Partnerships Washington, D.C. 20301-3140 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and Partnerships ,Washington,DC,20301-3140 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING...Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and Partnerships , DASA(E&P), at 703-692-9890. This page intentionally left blank. i

  20. Achieving Efficiencies in Army Installations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    34" ’■■"■" 1 USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT Achieving Efficiencies in Army Installations by Richard Fliss Col. Richard M. Meinhart Project...government agency. STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT ACHIEVING EFFICIENCIES IN ARMY INSTALLATIONS BY RICHARD FLISS DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved...for public release. Distribution is unlimited. DTIC QUALITY INSPECTED & USAWC CLASS OF 1998 U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE, CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA 17013-5050

  1. Index to Army Times, 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-01

    10. DEPMEDS ff& DEPLOYABLE MEDICAL SYSTEM (DEPMEDS) S DESERT TORTOISE --NATIONAL TRAINING CENTER (NTC), FORT IRM.N, CA Tortoise vs. tank: No contest...Times; Sep. 13, 1993; 54(7): p. 8. Rangers in Somalia: Anatomy of a firefight (After-Action Review). Army Times; Nov. 15, 1993; 54(16): p. 14...TELEPHONE SERVICE International toLl-free numbers mushroom. Army Times; Oct. 11, 1993; 54(11): p. 18. TORTOISE SEE DESERT TORTOISE TOTAL ARMY

  2. Distribution and mobility of lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and antimony (Sb) from ammunition residues on shooting ranges for small arms located on mires.

    PubMed

    Mariussen, Espen; Johnsen, Ida Vaa; Strømseng, Arnljot Einride

    2017-04-01

    An environmental survey was performed on shooting ranges for small arms located on minerotrophic mires. The highest mean concentrations of Pb (13 g/kg), Cu (5.2 g/kg), Zn (1.1 g/kg), and Sb (0.83 g/kg) in the top soil were from a range located on a poor minerotrophic and acidic mire. This range had also the highest concentrations of Pb, Cu, Zn, and Sb in discharge water (0.18 mg/L Pb, 0.42 mg/L Cu, 0.63 mg/L Zn, and 65 μg/L Sb) and subsurface soil water (2.5 mg/L Pb, 0.9 mg/L Cu, 1.6 mg/L Zn, and 0.15 mg/L Sb). No clear differences in the discharge of ammunition residues between the mires were observed based on the characteristics of the mires. In surface water with high pH (pH ~7), there was a trend with high concentrations of Sb and lower relative concentrations of Cu and Pb. The relatively low concentrations of ammunition residues both in the soil and soil water, 20 cm below the top soil, indicates limited vertical migration in the soil. Channels in the mires, made by plant roots or soil layer of less decomposed materials, may increase the rate of transport of contaminated surface water into deeper soil layers and ground water. A large portion of both Cu and Sb were associated to the oxidizable components in the peat, which may imply that these elements form inner-sphere complexes with organic matter. The largest portion of Pb and Zn were associated with the exchangeable and pH-sensitive components in the peat, which may imply that these elements form outer-sphere complexes with the peat.

  3. 77 FR 9633 - Army National Cemeteries Advisory Commission (ANCAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-17

    ... Department of the Army Army National Cemeteries Advisory Commission (ANCAC) AGENCY: Department of the Army... Army announces the following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army National Cemeteries Advisory... in Military Service for America Memorial, Conference Room, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington,...

  4. Integration of Female Army Apprentices,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    ARMY TRAINING, *APPRENTICESHIP, * FEMALES , MILITARY TRAINING, MALES, AUSTRALIA, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), ROLES(BEHAVIOR), ASSIMILATION, SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE, COMMERCE, INSTRUCTORS, WORK

  5. Index to Army Times 1992.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    Times; Apr. 27, 1992; 52(39): p. 6. CHILDBIRTH--ANALGESICS Childbirth painkiller to be made available. Army Times; Nov. 2, 1992; 53(14): p. 11...EPIDURAL BLOCK Childbirth painkiller to be made available. Army Times; Nov. 2, 1992; 53(14): p. 11. M1O9A (HOWITZER) Kuwaitis get took at Patadin. Army...Army Times; June 15, 1992; 52(46): p. 4. PA SEE PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTS (PA) PAINKILLING DRUGS SEE ANALGESICS PALADIN SEE M109A6 (HOWITZER) PANAMA

  6. The Army’s Local Economic Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    31 Tables S . 1 . Army-Supported Economic Output and All Army Personnel and Additional Employment Congressional...the results of the analysis. Table S . 1 reports the range of results across the 435 congressional districts of the 113th Congress. All Army direct...effect of total, nationwide Army spending on each congressional district and state. Table S . 1 Army-Supported Economic Output and All Army Personnel

  7. 13. Building H9; view of stainless steel probes and vacuum ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Building H-9; view of stainless steel probes and vacuum line, looking W. (Ryan and Harms) - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  8. 40 CFR 52.825 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (explosive contaminated waste burning) Middletown, Iowa 400—4.2(1) June 14, 1979 Feb. 28, 1982 Feb. 1982. Progressive Foundry, Inc., cupola and casting shakeout area Perry...

  9. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: COMPOSITING EXPLOSIVES/ORGANICS CONTAMINATED SOILS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Laboratory scale and pilot scale studies were conducted to evaluate composting to treat sediments and soils containing explosive and organic compounds. Sediment and soil from lagoons at Army ammunition plants, located in Louisiana, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania contained high...

  10. 19. Building L9; view of west pelleting pot, showing its ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Building L-9; view of west pelleting pot, showing its relationship to incorporation kettles; mezzanine, looking NW. (Harms and Ryan) - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  11. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: COMPOSITING EXPLOSIVES/ORGANICS CONTAMINATED SOILS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Laboratory scale and pilot scale studies were conducted to evaluate composting to treat sediments and soils containing explosive and organic compounds. Sediment and soil from lagoons at Army ammunition plants, located in Louisiana, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania contained high...

  12. 5. Building E9; view of top of wash tank showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Building E-9; view of top of wash tank showing agitator and RDX line entering tank; third floor, looking NW. (Harms and Ryan) - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  13. 40 CFR 52.825 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... construction; completion and start-up of control system; performance tests; and submittal of performance test... Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (explosive contaminated waste burning) Middletown, Iowa 400—4.2(1) June 14...

  14. 7. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART III, SECTION 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART III, SECTION 1, EQUIPMENT LAYOUT, BUILDING NO. 10, PRODUCER GAS & EXHAUSTER BLDG., PLANT A.' From U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Industrial Facilities Inventory, Holston Ordnance Works, Kingsport, Tennessee. Plant A, Parts I, II, III. (Nashville, TN: Office of District Engineer, 1944). - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  15. Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Army 2020 Force Structure Realignment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    may need to re-evaluate minimum water treatment capacity requirements of wastewater treatment plants to ensure proper facilities functioning...Component Air Quality Airspace Cultural Resources Noise Soil Erosion Biological Resources Wetlands Water Resources Facilities Socioeconomics...Army Civilians at Installations        Valued Environmental Component Air Quality Airspace Cultural Resources Noise Soil Erosion Biological

  16. Improving Training Assistance from Army Schools to Army Training Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kille, Bruce R.

    U.S. Army service schools have been responsible for providing instructional reference materials to training managers of the Active Army and Reserve Components for many years. Regardless of what the service schools did however, it was apparent that far too many of those in charge of training were not aware of the assistance available to them.…

  17. Active Army and Army Reserve Soldiers: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corkan, JoJo T.; And Others

    A study determined whether chemical operations specialists at skill level 1 differ in terms of aptitude, job knowledge, job confidence, and perceptions of task difficulty, task importance, task frequency, and task training, depending on whether the specialists are active U.S. Army soldiers or are in the Army Reserve. The subjects for whom complete…

  18. Active Army and Army Reserve Soldiers: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corkan, JoJo T.; And Others

    A study determined whether chemical operations specialists at skill level 1 differ in terms of aptitude, job knowledge, job confidence, and perceptions of task difficulty, task importance, task frequency, and task training, depending on whether the specialists are active U.S. Army soldiers or are in the Army Reserve. The subjects for whom complete…

  19. Army Force Generation: Balancing Missions in the Army National Guard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-23

    National Guard input for Chief, National Guard Bureau Update brief for 30 January 2007, available from https://gkoportal.ngb.army.mil/sites/ JOP ...January 2007; available from https://gkoportal.ngb.army.mil/sites/ JOP /cngbbrief/default.aspx; Internet; accessed 28 January 2007. 55 U.S. General

  20. Quality of consumer-targeted internet guidance on home firearm and ammunition storage.

    PubMed

    Freundlich, Katherine L; Skoczylas, Maria Shakour; Schmidt, John P; Keshavarzi, Nahid R; Mohr, Bethany Anne

    2016-10-01

    Four storage practices protect against unintentional and/or self-inflicted firearm injury among children and adolescents: keeping guns locked (1) and unloaded (2) and keeping ammunition locked up (3) and in a separate location from the guns (4). Our aim was to mimic common Google search strategies on firearm/ammunition storage and assess whether the resulting web pages provided recommendations consistent with those supported by the literature. We identified 87 web pages by Google search of the 10 most commonly used search terms in the USA related to firearm/ammunition storage. Two non-blinded independent reviewers analysed web page technical quality according to a 17-item checklist derived from previous studies. A single reviewer analysed readability by US grade level assigned by Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Index. Two separate, blinded, independent reviewers analysed deidentified web page content for accuracy and completeness describing the four accepted storage practices. Reviewers resolved disagreements by consensus. The web pages described, on average, less than one of four accepted storage practices (mean 0.2 (95% CL 0.1 to 0.4)). Only two web pages (2%) identified all four practices. Two web pages (2%) made assertions inconsistent with recommendations; both implied that loaded firearms could be stored safely. Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Index averaged 8.0 (95% CL 7.3 to 8.7). The average technical quality score was 7.1 (95% CL 6.8 to 7.4) out of an available score of 17. There was a high degree of agreement between reviewers regarding completeness (weighted κ 0.78 (95% CL 0.61 to 0.97)). The internet currently provides incomplete information about safe firearm storage. Understanding existing deficiencies may inform future strategies for improvement. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/