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Sample records for army ammunitions plant

  1. Historic Properties Report: Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Newport Indiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HSAAP) in Kingsport , Tennessee , the only other RDX-manufactur. ng plant in the United States. Information on...January 1984 of all Anrm-owned properties located within the official boundaries of the Newport Army Ammunition Plant (Newport. AAP). The survey...described in the following section of this report. METHODOLOGY 1. Documentary Research The Nercort Army Ammunition Plant (Newport AAP) was constructed

  2. The Chemical Characterization of Pollutants in Waste Water from Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    Ammunition Plant Charlestown, IN 47111 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant Kingsport , TN 37660 Commander Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant ATTN... Army Ammunition Plant (VAAP) in Tennessee . The major effort in this study was concentrated on separation and identification of dissolved organic species...PERIOD COVERED The Chemical Characterization of Pollutants Final in Waste Water from Volunteer Army

  3. Environmental Quality Standards Research on Wastewaters of Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-06-01

    Xk@ LEVEL%[A D-4. V: TECHNICAL REPORT ARCSL-TR- 7025 ENVIRONMENTA$,,qUALITY STANDARDS RESEARCH ON WASTEWATERS OF ARMY AMMUNITION PLANTS / by Joseph...complexity of the chemical characterization became evident by the fact that in TNT wastewaters alone (toward which most of (Continued on reverse side) DD...prohibited except with permission of the Director, Chemical Systems Laboratory, Attn: DRDAR-CLJ-R, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010; however, DDC

  4. Cost Reductions for Wastewater Treatment Utilizing Water Management at Holston Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT DARCOM INTERN TRAINING CENTER MAY 1976 .:15914414 Report DARCOM-ITC-02-;08-76-201 COST REDUCTIONS FOR WASTEWATER...TREATIMENT UTILIZING WATER MANAGEMENT AT HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Dennis J. Kravec Product/Production Graduate Engineering Program DARCOM Intern...number) This ?study examines the cost reductions obtained by using water management te6hniques at Holston Army Ammunition Plant . It compares the

  5. Investigation into the Use of Suppressive Shielding at Radford Army Ammunition Plant TNT Lines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-10-01

    SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LINES by Bruce W. Jezek Manufacturing Technology Directorate October 1975 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...Headquarters, Edgewood Arsenal Aberdeen Proving Ground , Maryland 21010 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited Disclaimer The...CATALOO NUMBER 4. TITLE fand Subtltta) INVESTIGATION INTO THE USE OF SUPPRESSIVE SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LTNE5 S. TYPE OF

  6. Remedial action suitability for the Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant site

    SciTech Connect

    Nonavinakere, S.; Rappa, P. III

    1995-12-31

    Numerous Department of Defense (DOD) sites across the nation are contaminated with explosive wastes due to munitions production during World War II, Korean Conflict and Vietnam Conflict. Production activities included explosives manufacturing, loading, packing, assembling, machining, casting and curing. Contaminants often present at these sites include TNT, RDX, HMX, Tetryl 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, 1,3-DNB, 1,3,5-TNB and nitrobenzene. The Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant (CAAP) is one such DOD site that has been determined to be contaminated with explosives. The CAAP is located approximately 2 miles west of the City of Grand Island in Hall County, Nebraska. The plant produced artillery, bombs, boosters, supplementary charges and various other experimental explosives. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the site background, review of the remedial alternatives evaluation process and rationale behind the selection of present remedial action.

  7. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-07-01

    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on 40- by 48-inch pallets produced by McAlester Army Ammunition Plant...MCAAP). This report contains test results with the pallets provided failing to meet MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements due to nail failure.

  8. Evaluation of soil toxicity at Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Simini, M.; Amos, J.C.; Wentsel, R.S.; Checkai, R.T.; Phillips, C.T.; Chester, N.A.; Major, M.A.

    1995-04-01

    Environmental toxicity testing and chemical analyses of soil were performed as part of an ecological risk assessment at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP), Joliet, Illinois. Soils were collected from an area where munitions were loaded, assembled, and packed (area L7, group 1), and from an area where waste explosives were burned on unprotected soil (area L2). Control samples were collected from an adjacent field. Soil toxicity was determined using early seedling growth and vigor tests, earthworm survival and growth tests, and Microtox{reg_sign} assays. Relative toxicity of soils was determined within each area based on statistical significant (p = 0.05) of plant and earthworm growth and survival, and the effective concentration at which luminescence of the bacterium Photobacterium phosphoreum was reduced by 50% (EC50) in the Microtox assay. Samples were designated as having high, moderate, or no significant toxicity. Soil that had significant toxicity according to at least one test, and representative samples showing no toxicity, were analyzed for munitions via HPLC. Chemical residues found in soils were 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT); 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB); 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT); 2,6-dinitrotoluene; 2-amino-4,6-DNT; 4-amino-2,6-DNT; 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX); and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX). All soils with no significant toxicity were void of these chemicals. However, some soils void of munitions still showed toxicity that may have been caused by elevated levels of heavy metals. Linear regressions of toxicity test results vs. chemical concentrations showed that TNT and TNB accounted for most off the soil toxicity. Lowest-observable-effect concentrations (LOEC) of TNT were determined from these data. This study presents a simple, relatively inexpensive methodology for assessing toxicity of soils containing TNT, RDX, and other contaminants related to munitions production.

  9. Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds from Training Range and Army Ammunition Plant Soils

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    sonic bath. The sonic bath extraction procedure was chosen in the 1980s in a study where four extraction methods or devices ( Soxhlet , sonic bath...ER D C/ CR R EL T R -0 6 -6 Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds from Training Range and Army Ammunition Plant Soils Platform...b or at or y Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ERDC/CRREL TR-06-6 March 2006 Extraction Kinetics of Energetic Compounds

  10. Plant uptake of explosives from contaminated soil at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Zellmer, S.D.; Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Banwart, W.L.; Chen, D.

    1995-04-01

    Explosives and their degradation products may enter the animal and human food chains through plants grown on soils contaminated with explosives. Soil and plant samples were collected from the Group 61 area at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant and analyzed to determine the extent to which 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and its degradation products are taken up by existing vegetation and crops growing on contaminated soils. Neither TNT nor its degradation products was detected in any of the aboveground plant organs of existing vegetation. Oat (Avena sativa L.) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) were planted on TNT-contaminated soils amended with three levels of chopped grass hay. Extractable TNT concentrations in hay-amended soils were monitored for almost 1 year. Crop establishment and growth improved with increased levels of hay amendment, but TNT uptake was not affected or detected in any aboveground crop organs. Evidence was found to indicate that soil manipulation and hay addition may reduce extractable TNT concentration in soils, but the wide variations in TNT concentrations in these soils prevented development of conclusive evidence regarding reduction of extractable TNT concentrations. Results from this study suggest that vegetation grown on TNT-contaminated soils is not a major health concern because TNT and its degradation products were not detected in aboveground plant organs. However, low concentrations of TNT, 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, and 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene were detected in or on some existing vegetation and crop roots. 21 refs., 10 figs., 26 tabs.

  11. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Will County, Illinois.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-04

    Hassen, Edward Jelkt, Keith L. Barr, Edwin Hajic, Nancy Aech, David Asch . . . Canter for American Archeology -’ Kampsville, Illinois 62053 w.: r...An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Joliet March 4, 1985 Army Ammunition Plant, Will County, Illinois & 7. AVOWNe D. Asch L Plag...sisus Onage. n@g..N B. Stafford, H. Hassen, E. Jelks, K. Barr, E. Hajic, N. Asch , DARCOM report #23 9. PfhW gO M Nean PAdOW-s J& PNeo"AW RNt/Tie N

  12. Assessment of Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARS) for Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Alabama

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    dinitrophenol - 0.61 ppm, • nitrobenzene - 0.073 ppm, • phenol - 1.4 ppm, and • cyanides - 2.7 ppm. 2.3.4 On-Site Incineration/Groundwater Treatment ...2.3.2 Off-site alternatives 18 2.3.3 On-site landfill/groundwater treatment alternative ... 35 2.3.4 On-site incineration/groundwater treatment ...Action-specific potential ARARs for Alabama Army Ammunition Plant. Alternative 2: On-site landfill/groundwater treatment 36 Table 6. Action

  13. Forest Tree Growth as a Bioindicator of Pollution Abatement Systems at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-14

    U-0Al C 0LIGNAPLTCGICIS P TT IY BLCSUG-EC FS1/ FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYS--ETC(I 𔃾- oa2 JAN 62 J M SKELLY. L W...947! FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYSTEMS AT THE RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Accession For FINAL REPORT Dr. John M...test potential bioindicator systems. x The study objectives of this research were: i’l) To determine if the pollution levels alone were responsible

  14. Historic Properties Report: Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Marshall, Texas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    scrapbook , Thiokol Corporation files, LHAAP. 20. "Universal," Marshall News Messenger, October 29, 1952. 21. "DACOM Installation and Activity Brochure," p...Park Service, 1983. "Production Plant for Thiokol Near." Marshall News Messenger. Undated newspaper clipping in scrapbook , Thiokol Corporation files...clipping in scrapbook . Thiokol Corporation files, LHAAP. The article probably dates from 1951. Voight, William, Jr. "The Ordnance Organization in World

  15. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D.; Banwart, W.L.; Houser, W.P.

    1994-06-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by vegetation growing on soils contaminated by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). Plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled and analyzed to determine TNT uptake under natural field conditions. Standard USATHAMA methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. No- explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, results indicate that TNT, 2-aminodinitrotoluene (2-ADNT), and/or 4-ADNT were present in some root samples. The presence of 2-ADNT and 4-ADNT increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  16. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Zellmer, S.D.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Rastorier, J.R.; Chen, D.; Banwart, W.L.

    1995-02-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in soils contaminated with 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 1,3,5-trinitro-3,5-triazine (RDX) in three areas at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAP). To determine explosives uptake under natural environmental conditions, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled at different locations in each area, and plant materials were separated by species. Standard methods were used to determine the concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. The compound TNT was not detected in the aboveground portion of plants, and vegetation growing on TNT-contaminated soils is not considered a health hazard. However, soil and plant roots may contain TNT degradation products that may be toxic; hence, their consumption is not advised. The compound RDX was found in the tops and roots of plants growing on RDX-contaminated soils at all surveyed sites. Although RDX is not a listed carcinogen, several of its potentially present degradation products are carcinogens. Therefore, the consumption of any plant tissues growing on RDX-contaminated sites should be considered a potential health hazard.

  17. Uptake of explosives from contaminated soil by existing vegetation at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, J.F.; Tomczyk, N.A.; Zellmer, S.D.; Banwart, W.L. |

    1994-01-01

    This study examines the uptake of explosives by existing vegetation growing in TNT-contaminated soils on Group 61 at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP). The soils in this group were contaminated more than 40 years ago. In this study, existing plant materials and soil from the root zone were sampled from 15 locations and analyzed to determine TNT uptake by plants under natural field conditions. Plant materials were separated by species if more than one species was present at a sampling location. Standard methods were used to determine concentrations of explosives, their derivatives, and metabolites in the soil samples. Plant materials were also analyzed. No. explosives were detected in the aboveground portion of any plant sample. However, the results indicate that TNT, 2-amino DNT, and/or 4-amino DNT were found in some root samples of false boneset (Kuhnia eupatorioides), teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris), and bromegrass (Bromus inermis). It is possible that slight soil contamination remained on the roots, especially in the case of the very fine roots for species like bromegrass, where washing was difficult. The presence of 2-amino DNT and 4-amino DNT, which could be plant metabolites of TNT, increases the likelihood that explosives were taken up by plant roots, as opposed to their presence resulting from external soil contamination.

  18. Elements of a CERCLA action at a former Army ammunition plant

    SciTech Connect

    Tucker, D.F.; Marotz, G.A.; Frazier, G.F.

    1999-07-01

    The Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant covers 44 km{sup 2} and is located near several large population centers. Leased sites within the plant are now being used for various activities including recreation and manufacturing. Plans are in place for conversion of an additional 3,000 ha to a commercial amusement park. Some 400 structures from the plant remain and most must be removed if further ventures are to take place. Many of the buildings are structurally unsound or contain potentially hazardous materials, such as explosive residues, lead sheathing or asbestos shingles, that were stored or used in the construction of the structures. State and federal agencies agreed that the buildings should be destroyed, but the method to do so was unclear. Analysis on building by building basis revealed that in many cases explosive residue made it unsafe to remove the buildings by any other method rather than combustion. Completion of a comprehensive destruction plan that included ground-level monitoring of combustion plumes, and burn scheduling under tightly prescribed micro and mesoscale meteorological conditions was approved by the EPA as a non-time critical removal action under CERCLA in 1996; the US Army was designated as the lead agency. Personnel at the University of Kansas assisted in developing the destruction plan and helped conduct two test burns using the comprehensive plan protocols. Results of one test burn scenario on June 26, 1997, intended as a test of probable dispersion safety margin and covered extensively by print and television media, the EPA and State agencies, are described in this paper. The selected building was smaller than typical of the buildings on the plant site. The events leading to a burn decision on the test day are used to illustrate the decision-making process.

  19. Demonstration of the Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for Pinkwater Treatment at McAlester Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    column with an overall height of 22 ft (6.7 m) and a bed of GAC occupying approximately 11 ft (3.4 m) when expanded. Water was recirculated through the...Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ER D C /C ER L TR -0 5- 8 Demonstration of the Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for...Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactor for Pinkwater Treatment at McAlester Army Ammunition Plant Stephen W. Maloney and Robert L. Heine Construction

  20. Supplementary documentation for an environmental impact statement regarding the Pantex Plant: hydrologic study for the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, N.M.

    1982-12-01

    This report documents work performed in support of preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) regarding the Department of Energy's Pantex Plant near Amarillo, Texas. A study of flooding was made for the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant near Burlington, Iowa, one of the alternative sites. A partial series-flood frequency analysis of the Skunk River, which flows along the plant's southern boundary, was examined as well as the effects of rise in river level of the Skunk River on the plant and its operations. A flood frequency analysis on Long Lake, a manmade reservoir within the plant grounds, was made. Maximum spillway capacity was computed and compared to the magnitude of floods of particular recurrence intervals.

  1. Preliminary assessment of perchlorate in ecological receptors at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP), Karnack, Texas.

    PubMed

    Smith, P N; Theodorakis, C W; Anderson, T A; Kendall, R J

    2001-10-01

    There have been increasing human health and ecological concerns about ionic perchlorate (ClO4-) since it was detected in drinking water sources in 1997. Perchlorate is known to affect thyroid function, causing subsequent hormone disruption and potential perturbations of metabolic activities. According to current estimates, perchlorate is found in the surface of groundwater of 14 states, including Texas. Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, located in east central Texas, was a facility historically associated with perchlorate-containing propellants and rocket motors. Subsequently, perchlorate contamination in ground and surface waters at the facility has been reported. Soil, sediment, water, vegetation, and animal tissue samples were collected from several locations within the plant for a preliminary site assessment of perchlorate contamination. Perchlorate concentrations ranged from 555-5,557,000 ppb in vegetation, 811-2038 ppb in aquatic insects, below detection limits (ND) to 207 ppb in fish, ND-580 ppb in frogs, and ND-2328 ppb in mammals. Consistent with our hypothesis, aquatic organisms inhabiting perchlorate-contaminated surface water bodies contained detectable concentrations of perchlorate. Additionally, terrestrial organisms were exposed through pathways not necessarily related to contaminated surface waters. Therefore, these data demonstrate that aquatic and terrestrial species are exposed to perchlorate in the environment. To our knowledge, this represents the first incidence of perchlorate exposure among wild animals reported in the scientific literature.

  2. Environmental geophysics and sequential air photo study at Sunfish Lake Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Padar, C.A.; McGinnis, L.D.; Thompson, M.D.; Anderson, A.W.

    1996-11-01

    Geophysical and air photo studies at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant (TCAAP), Minnesota, were conducted to establish a chronology of dumping and waste disposal. This study was undertaken to aid in the assessment of the amount of remediation needed to reclaim a wetland area. An integrated analysis of electromagnetic, magnetic and ground-penetrating RADAR (GPR) measurements over a 25-acre site, provided the information necessary to define waste disposal events. These events are observed on a sequence of aerial photos taken between 1940 and 1993. The former southwestern embayment of the lake, filled in during the original construction of the base, has been clearly defined. Two burn cages and their surrounding debris have been delineated. The areal extent of another waste site has been defined along the northern shoreline. Depth estimates determined from EM-61 analysis, and depths to original lake bottom, derived from GPR, have yielded volumetric estimates of the amount of material that would need removal if excavation is required. Magnetic and electromagnetic data have pinpointed the locations of mounds, observed from historical air photos. Except for these areas along the Northwestern shore, there is no evidence of waste disposal along the shoreline or within the present-day lake margins. The ability to date the anomalous regions is significant, in that different production demands upon TCAAP, during the time periods of WWII, The Korean War, and The Vietnam Conflict, have resulted in different types of waste. The ability to categorize areas with distinct time periods of operation and waste disposal can greatly aid the environmental cleanup effort with regard to the type of contaminants that might be expected at these poorly documented disposal sites.

  3. Aquatic macroinvertebrates collected at Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Portage and Trumbull Counties, Ohio, 1998

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tertuliani, John S.

    1999-01-01

    The results of a survey of macroinvertebrate communities in the Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, were used as an indicator of disturbance in streams flowing through or near the training areas at the Plant. The data were interpreted using the Invertebrate Community Index (ICI), a multiple-metric index developed by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and based on the structural and functional characteristics of the macroinvertebrate community. Quantitative samples of the macroinvertebrate were collected for ICI determination from three streams South Fork Eagle Creek, Sand Creek, and Hinkley Creek flowing through the study area. These samples were collected using Hester-Dendy type artificial substrate samplers, which were placed in the streams during a 6-week sampling period, June 2 through July 15, 1998. A qualitative- dipnet sample from the natural substrates also was collected at each station on July 15, 1998, the last day of the sampling period. The macroinvertebrate communities at all three stations met the criterion designated for warmwater habitat aquatic life use, and communities at two of the three stations exceeded the criterion. The ICI scores were 42 at South Fork Eagle Creek, 50 at Sand Creek, and 48 at Hinkley Creek. The density of macroinvertebrates at South Fork Eagle Creek was 1,245 per square foot and represented 38 distinct taxa. The density at Sand Creek was 246 per square foot and represented 29 distinct taxa. The density at Hinkley Creek was 864 per square foot and represented 36 distinct taxa. Qualitative samples were also collected at 21 other sites using a D-framed dipnet. The qualitative sites encompassed three main environments: stream, pond, and swamp-wetland. All available habitat types in each environment were sampled until no new taxa were evident during coarse examination. The highest number of taxa were collected from the streams. The total number of taxa collected in streams ranged from 25 to 76; the mean was 60 and median 64. The

  4. Combustion of anthracite-bituminous coal blends in a spreader stoker boiler at Holston Army Ammunition Plant. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, J.A.; Davidson, J.E.; Hartsock, D.K.

    1988-11-01

    A test program was conducted at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant near Kingsport, TN to evaluate the combustion of an anthracite-bituminous coal blend in a spreader stoker boiler designed for bituminous coal only. The test program was structured to evaluate different percentages of anthracite and bituminous in the blend at different operating loads on the boiler. Blends of 15, 22, 30, and 42% anthracite were combusted at loads of 62.5, 50, and 37.5% of the maximum continuous rating (MCR) boiler capacity. Stack testing and ash sampling were performed to monitor combustion performance, in addition to visually inspecting the ash bed. The testing disclosed no technical reasons why anthracite-bituminous blending could not be performed on a long-term basis to meet targeted Army anthracite consumption tonnages.

  5. SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS FOR THE PILOT IN-SITU CHROMIUM REDUCTION TEST AT RIVERBANK ARMY AMMUNITIONS PLANT

    SciTech Connect

    Ridley, M

    2007-04-25

    A treatability study was conducted at Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant's (RBAAP) Site 17, to evaluate the effectiveness of a permeable reactive barrier (PRB) for the treatment of hexavalent chromium (Cr{sup 6+}). The chromium contamination at Site 17 is hydrologically isolated and unsuitable for standard extraction and treatment (pump and treat). The majority of the chromium contamination at Site 17 is trapped within the fine grain sediments of a clay/slit zone (45 to 63). The PRB was established above and adjacent to the contaminated zone at Site 17 to reduce the hexavalent chromium as it leaches out of the contaminated clay/silt zone separating the A zone from the A zone. Site 17 and the monitoring network are described in the In-Situ Chromium Reduction Treatability Study Work Plan (CH2MHILL, January 2004). The PRB was created by reducing naturally occurring Fe{sup 3+} to Fe{sup 2+} with the injection of a buffered sodium dithionite solution into subsurface chromium source area. The Cr{sup 6+} leaching out of the contaminated clay/silt zone and migrating through the PRB is reduced by Fe{sup 2+} to Cr{sup 3+} and immobilized (Amonette, et al., 1994). The sodium dithionite will also reduce accessible Cr{sup 6+}, however the long-term reductant is the Fe{sup 2+}. Bench scale tests (Appendix A) were conducted to assess the quantity and availability of the naturally occurring iron at Site 17, the ability of the sodium dithionite to reduce the hexavalent chromium and Fe within the sediments, and the by-products produced during the treatment. Appendix A, provides a detailed description of the laboratory treatability tests, and provides background information on the technologies considered as possible treatment options for Site 17. Following the sodium dithionite treatment, groundwater/treatment solution was extracted to remove treatment by-products (sulfate, manganese, and iron). The following sections briefly discuss the current treatment status, future recommendations

  6. Potential Application of BIOMASS Technology at National Space Technology Laboratories and Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    author(s) and should not be construed as an official Depart- ment of the Army position, policy or decision, unless so designated by other doumentation...34 associated with the operation of an energy wood plant; and the economics of an energy wood plant. If an energy wood system were designed to replace the...trees, mill residue and harvesting residue. Three energy wood plants were designed in order to establish a basis for estimating the cost of producing

  7. Installation Restoration Program. Environmental Technology Development Task Order - 8. Field Demonstration - Composting of Explosives - Contaminated Sediments at the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant (LAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-30

    acids were added, a 10 mg/L initial TNT concentration was reduced to 0.1 mg/L in 5 days. Naumora et al. (1979) isolated a Pseudomonas denitrificans...removed from Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) Area B wastes in pilot-plant studies using an activated sludge reactor dominated by Pseudomonas and... Alcaligens species (Green, 1972). Stillwell (1977) presented data indicating that RDX and fIl JX could be biologically removed from pilot-plant units

  8. Screening submersed plant species for phytoremediation of explosives-contaminated groundwater from the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Best, E.P.; Sprecher, S.L.; Fredrickson, H.L.; Zappi, M.E.; Larson, S.L.

    1997-11-01

    As an alternative to other groundwater extraction and surface treatment techniques, phytoremediation systems are currently being evaluated by civilian and military administrators for their ability to enhance removal of potentially toxic or mutagenic munitions materiel such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and their degradation products. To guide selection of aquatic plants for use in demonstration phytoremediation lagoons at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP), Milan, TN, this study evaluated the relative ability of ten species to decrease levels of TNT and RDX explosives and related nitrobodies in contaminated MAAP groundwater.

  9. Environmental Studies on Open Burn/Open Detonation Disposal Sites. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    hydraulic conductivity and bulk density. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 51:1393-1394. (21) Amy, C.J. and E.J. Pell. 1986. Ethylene production by potato, radish ...of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils From Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) PRINCIPAL... SOILS FROM OPEN BURNING/OPEN DETONATION OPERATIONS: MILAN ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (MAAP) Ronald T. Checkal RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE Michael A

  10. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 6): Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, IHAAP 12 and 16 Landfills, Karnack, TX, September 27, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected Early Interim Remedial Action for the LHAAP 12 and 16 landfills, Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (LHAAP), Karnack, Texas. The Record of Decision for the sites addresses an Early Interim Remedial Action. The selected remedy consists of a multilayer landfill cap section which includes the following components: Foundation soil layer, Sodium Bentonite Geocomposite Liner, Geosynthetic Membrane Liner, Final soil cover, and Perimeter berms and drainage swales.

  11. Installation Restoration Program Environmental Technology Development. Task Order 3. Use of Activated Carbon for Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Ground Water at the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-08-01

    PROGRAM ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Task Order - 3 Use of Activated Carbon for Treatment of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater at the...CARBON FOR TREATMENT OF EXPLOSIVES-CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER AT THE BADGER ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (BAAP) Final Report Distribution Unlimited August 1989... Treatment of Explosj~ves Contaminated Groundwater. 121 PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Walter J. Wuicik: William L. Lowe; Peter 3. Marks- 13.. TYPE OF REPORT 113b

  12. Identification of potential wetlands in training areas on Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Ohio, and guidelines for their management

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schalk, C.W.; Tertuliani, J.S.; Darner, R.A.

    1999-01-01

    Potential wetlands in training areas on Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant, Ohio, were mapped by use of geographic information system (GIS) data layers and field inspection. The GIS data layers were compiled from existing sources and interpretation of aerial photography. Data layers used in the GIS analysis were wetland-plant communities, hydric soils, National Wetlands Inventory designated areas, and wet areas based on photogrammetry. According to review of these data layers, potential wetlands constitute almost one-third of the land in the training areas. A composite map of these four data layers was compiled for use during inspection of the training areas. Field inspection focused on the presence of hydrophytic vegetation and macroscopic evidences of wetland hydrology. Results of the field inspection were in general agreement with those predicted by the GIS analysis, except that some wet areas were more extensive than predicted because of high amounts of precipitation during critical periods of 1995 and 1996. Guidelines for managing wetlands in the training areas are presented.

  13. Evaluation of bioremediation methods for the treatment of soil contaminated with explosives in Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Minden, Louisiana.

    PubMed

    Clark, Brandon; Boopathy, Raj

    2007-05-17

    Two bioremediation methods, namely, soil slurry reactor and land farming technique were evaluated for the treatment of soil contaminated with explosives in Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Minden, Louisiana. The soil had a high concentration of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) of 10,000 mg/kg of soil and medium level contamination of RDX 1900 mg/kg and HMX 900 mg/kg of soil. The results indicated that soil slurry reactor under co-metabolic condition with molasses as co-substrate removed TNT more efficiently than land farming method. TNT removal efficiency was 99% in soil slurry reactor compared to 82% in land farming after 182 days. HMX and RDX were also removed from the soil in both methods, but the removal efficiency was low. The radiolabeled study showed that soil microbes mineralize TNT. The mass-balance of TNT indicated 23.5% of TNT was mineralized to CO(2), 22.6% was converted to biomass, and 52.3% was converted to various TNT intermediates in the soil slurry reactor. Both methods maintained high bacterial population fairly well. The results of this bench-scale study are promising with regard to transferring the technology to full-scale application at this site.

  14. Environmental geophysics and sequential aerial photo study at Sunfish and Marsden Lakes, Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Padar, C.A.; McGinnis, L.D.; Thompson, M.D.; Anderson, A.W.; Benson, M.A.; Stevanov, J.E.; Daudt, C.R.; Miller, S.F.; Knight, D.E. |

    1995-08-01

    Geophysical studies at Site H of Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant have delineated specific areas of dumping and waste disposal. Anomalous areas noted in the geophysical data sets have been correlated with features visible in a chronological sequence of aerial photos. The photos aid in dating the anthropogenic changes and in interpreting the geophysical anomalies observed at Site H and across Sunfish Lake. Specifically, two burn cages and what has been interpreted as their surrounding debris have been delineated. The areal extent of another waste site has been defined in the southwest corner of Area H-1. Depth estimates to the top of the Area H-1 anomalies show that the anomalies lie below lake level, indicative of dumping directly into Sunfish Lake. Except for these areas along the northwestern shore, there is no evidence of waste disposal along the shoreline or within the present-day lake margins. Magnetic, electromagnetic, and ground-penetrating-radar data have pinpointed the locations of mounds, observable in aerial photos, around the first burn cage. The second burn cage and its surrounding area have also been clearly defined from aerial photos, with support from further geophysical data. Additional analysis of the data has yielded volumetric estimates of the amount of material that would need removal in the event of excavation of the anomalous areas. Magnetic and electromagnetic profiles were also run across Marsden Lake. On the basis of these data, it has been concluded that no large-scale dumping has occurred in or around Marsden Lake.

  15. Geophysical Investigation at Hazardous Waste Management Site 16 Radford Army Ammunition Plant Radford, Virginia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    mission of the contractor operated RAAP is to manufacture a variety of propellants and explosives as directed by the US Army. As a result of these...and valleys. The Valley and Ridge province is comprised of complexly folded and thrust faulted sedimentary rocks ranging in age from Cambrian through...refraction method, energy is imparted into the ground usually by means of explosives or by striking a metal plate on the ground with a sledgehammer to

  16. Results of a greenhouse study investigating the phytoextraction of lead from contaminated soils obtained from the Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant, Desoto, Kansas

    SciTech Connect

    Bader, D.F.; Behel, A.D.; Almond, R.A.; Kelly, D.A.; Pier, P.A.

    1998-08-01

    This report describes the results of greenhouse studies conducted to determine if phytoextraction methods could be enhanced by increasing ionic lead`s solubility in water. Soil acidifiers and chelating agents were used to increase lead`s solubility in water. The study was conducted using lead contaminated soil from the Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant near Desoto, Kansas. These soils were shipped to the Tennessee Valley Authority`s Environmental Research Facility in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, where the study was conducted. The report concludes that phytoextraction methods may be enhanced by these techniques and that the risk of leaching lead out of the soil`s root zone is minimal.

  17. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant, Hancock County, Mississippi

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-18

    late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Pecan , shagbark hickory, and walnut would have provided the prima sources of nuts since they do not...table often has the . effect of preserving perishable organic items, from nut hulls and basket- ry to dugout canoes, and permits a far more complete...the much greater abun- dance of nuts . Swamp and coastal plant and animal species would have been far lses locally important due to lack of habitat

  18. Toxicity Testing of Soil Samples from Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-01

    chemicals . 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES Microtox Phytotoxicity Earthworm survival 79 Munitions Seedling growth Environmental toxicity 16. PRICE...use in assessing the hazards of chemicals to the ecosystem is important. The Microtox Assay (MTX Assay) has been for assessing toxicity of...may contain a phytotoxic chemical [e.g., cyclotrimethylene- trinitramine (RDX)] that affects plants but not earthworms or Microtox bacteria. Sample A5

  19. Archeological Survey and Testing Along Boone Creek, Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Webster Parish, Louisiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    13). Tributaries like Bayou Dorcheat flowed at considerably higher levels than they do today. Lake Bistineau, a modern-day artificial lake about 3.2...km south of the Plant on Bayou Dorcheat, was a natural lake in the early nineteenth century and may have been three times its current size (Lafon 1806...The raft was removed by the 1830s (see Chapter 4). Another local feature of hydrologic interest is a salt spring near the head of Lake Bistineau

  20. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): Milan Army Ammunition Plant, operable units 3 and 4, Milan, TN, October 2, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the soil within the northern industrial area of Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. The goal of the cleanup activities at the northern industrial areas of MAAP is to remove the soil contaminated with explosives compounds above risk-based levels. The excavated soil will be treated using a bioremediation process to reduce the concentrations of explosives compounds, the toxicity of the leachate, and the mobility of the remaining organic compounds. The treated soil will then be placed in an on-site solid waste landfill in compliance with State of Tennessee regulations. Additionally, in areas where excavation of the explosives-contaminated soil is infeasible, the soil will be covered with an engineered cap to prevent worker exposure to the explosives compounds and prevent leaching of these compounds to groundwater.

  1. Defense Logistics: Improved Data and Information Sharing Could Aid in DOD’s Management of Ammunition Categorized for Disposal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    They are Crane Army Ammunition Activity, Tooele Army Depot, Hawthorne Army Depot, McAlester Army Ammunition Plant, Anniston Munitions Center, Blue...They are Crane Army Ammunition Activity, Tooele Army Depot, Hawthorne Army Depot, McAlester Army Ammunition Plant, Anniston Munitions Center, Blue

  2. Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant NQ (Nitroguanidine) Wastewater Treatment GAC/IE (Granular Activated Carbon/Ion Exchange) Pilot Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-17

    REPORT 2b. DECLASSIFICATION / DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE Dsrbto niie 4. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) S. MONITORING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S...Reference: 54143 AMXTH-TE-CR-87113 64. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION 6b OFFICE SYMBO0L 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION Arthur D. Little, Inc...NAME OF FUNDING / SPONSORING Sb. OFFICE SYMBOL 9. PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER 541 % ORGANIZATION U. S. Army Toxic (Mf amilkabie

  3. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 4): Alabama Army Ammunition Plant (Operable Unit 1), AL. (First remedial action), December 1991. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The 2,200-acre Alabama Army Ammunition Plant (AAAP) site was located in Talledega County, Alabama, near the junction of Talledega Creek and the Coosa River. AAAP was built in 1941 as a government-owned/contractor-operated facility that produced nitrocellulose, nitroaromatic explosives, and 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl methyl nitramine. Operations at AAAP were terminated in August 1945, and in 1973 several parcels of the original 13,233-acre property were sold. In 1978, the U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency (USATHAMA), managing the Army's Installation Restoration Program (IRP), identified soil, sediment, and ground water potentially contaminated by explosives, asbestos, and lead as a result of past site operations. During the RI/FS, the facility was divided into two general areas: the eastern area (Area A) and the western area (Area B). In 1985, investigations identified soil contamination by explosives, asbestos, and lead in Area A, and ground water contamination by these materials in Area B. Soil excavated from Area A was stockpiled in Area B in two covered buildings and on a concrete slab, which was subsequently covered with a membrane liner. A 1991 characterization study of Area B concluded that explosives, lead, and asbestos contamination were present above regulatory limits. The ROD addressed a final action for the contaminated soil in the Stockpile Soils Area (Area B). The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil and debris were explosives, including 2,4,6-TNT, 2,4-DNT, 2,6-DNT, and tetryl; metals, including lead; and asbestos, an inorganic.

  4. McAlester Army Ammunition Plant (MCAAP) 40- by 44-Inch Wooden Pallet MIL-STD-1660 Tests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-07-01

    and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on a 40- by 44-inch wooden pallet (oak) manufactured by MCAAP. This report contains test...results with the pallets provided meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, requirements.

  5. Screening of aquatic and wetland plant species for phytoremediation of explosives-contaminated groundwater from the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Best, E.P.; Zappi, M.E.; Fredrickson, H.L.; Sprecher, S.L.; Larson, S.L.

    1997-01-01

    Munitions material such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and their combustion and decomposition products can enter the environment from production activities and field usage and disposal. The purposeful use of plants for cleanup of the environment has received relatively little attention despite the fact that plants, like microorganisms, play an important role in nature in sustaining and restoring environments. The capabilities of plants to absorb, accumulate, and metabolize, directly or indirectly, various organic substances suggest their use in the remediation of contaminated environments (phytoremediation).

  6. Hardened Water Deluge System for Melt/Pour Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 Commander Iowa Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARIO-A 1 Middletown, Iowa 52638 77 DISTRIBUTION LIST (concluded) No...Commander Milan Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARMI-S 1 Milan, Tennessee 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA-IE 2 Radford, Virginia...24141 Commander Badger Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARBA 2 Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913

  7. 12. BUILDING 227. BLANK AMMUNITION LOADING PLANT. ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. BUILDING 227. BLANK AMMUNITION LOADING PLANT. ELEVATIONS AND SECTIONS. November 1, 1940 - Frankford Arsenal, Building No. 227, South side of Hagner Road between Ripley & Mellon Streets, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  8. Adjustments Recommended in Fiscal Year 1982 Ammunition Procurement and Modernization Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-30

    9.5 million requested for a steam tieline at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant is not adequately justified. The Army agrees that the project...5823186 5823142 Description Steam tieline to horseshoe area at Radford Army Ammunition Plant Active munition metal parts fa- cility Sixth phase...constructing a 10,000 foot steam conduit or tieline plus related items at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant. The Munitions Production Base

  9. 120. NORTH PLANT GB BULK STORAGE BUILDING AND AMMUNITION DEMOLITION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    120. NORTH PLANT GB BULK STORAGE BUILDING AND AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY AT CENTER AND CASE FILLING PLANT/CLUSTER ASSEMBLY BUILDING (BUILDING 1601/1606) IN BACKGROUND, FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  10. 125. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY IN FOREGROUND AND ASSEMBLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    125. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY IN FOREGROUND AND ASSEMBLY PLANT/WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 1601/1606/1701) IN BACKGROUND. FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  11. 126. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH ASSEMBLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    126. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, WITH ASSEMBLY PLANT/WAREHOUSE (BUILDING 1601/1606/1701) IN BACKGROUND, FROM GB MANUFACTURING PLANT. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  12. An Evaluation of Technologies to Automate U.S. Army Water and Wastewater Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-01

    Ammunition Plant 20 Red River Army Depot 21 Watervliet Arsenal 25 West Point Military Academy 27 Summary of Potential Automation Areas 32 3 ASSESSMENT OF...Ammunition Plant, TN * Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, TX * Red River Army Depot, TX * Watervliet Arsenal, NY * West Point Military Academy, NY. A...the Red River Depot. The ammunition plant and seven wastewater treatment plants are operated by Day-Zimmerman under contract to the Army. One

  13. 117. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1703) AT RIGHT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    117. NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY (BUILDING 1703) AT RIGHT FOREGROUND AND GB MANUFACTURING PLANT (BUILDING 1501) AT CENTER. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  14. Evaluation of State-of-the-Art High Speed Deluge Systems Presently in Service at Various U.S. Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    aimmunition plants for f ire protection, against pyrotechnic and propellant material -type f ires/explos ions. The evaluation included beth fire detectors and...spectral irradiances from each type of pyrotechnic material fire. Without these data it is impossible to select with any scientific foundation the...application. It was concluded that field tests are necessary, as well as measurements of the spectral irradiances of pyrotechnic/propellant material fires

  15. 129. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING FREESTANDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    129. DETAIL OF NORTH PLANT AMMUNITION DEMOLITION FACILITY, SHOWING FREE-STANDING SMOKESTACK (BUILDING 1504). VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Bounded by Ninety-sixth Avenue & Fifty-sixth Avenue, Buckley Road, Quebec Street & Colorado Highway 2, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  16. Energy Engineering Analysis Program, limited energy study of steam distribution systems, Hawthorne Army Ammunition Depot, Hawthorne, Nevada. Programming documents

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    The project is a significant part of Hawthorne Army Ammunition Depot`s effort to achieve a 20-percent reduction in energy consumption by FY2000 versus FY1985 baseline levels. The project will also assure that heating services are provided to Industrial Area facilities on a continuing basis, supporting mission requirements.

  17. Should the U.S. Army Adopt New 5.56mm Ammunition Cartridge Designs to Reduce Overall Ammunition Weight?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    It is a fairly comprehensive handbook, if lacking the latest in ammunition development data. James Bevan’s and Stephanie Pezard’s Basic...cartridge case. Figure 2. Cartridge Case Design Source: James Bevan and Stephanie Pezard, ―Basic Characteristics of Ammunition: From...renamed the Remington .223.17 After further testing and modifications, the final 5.56x45mm design was finally perfected by Robert Hutton and Eugene Stoner

  18. Final expanded site inspection, ammunition storage area, Anniston Army Depot, Anniston, Alabama. Final report, September 1992-November 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Suomela, K.D.; Highsmith, R.L.; Rapuano, K.F.; Kirchner, B.

    1994-11-15

    An Expanded Site Inspection (ESI) was conducted at the Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) Ammunition Storage Area (ASA). The objective of this ESI was to gather the information and data necessary to determine whether there is sufficient evidence of any release of contamination that would require additional investigation. The ASA contains 1,300 ammunition storage magazines and an ammunition maintenance workshop complex which includes buildings for maintenance, demilitarization, and inspection of all types of ammunition and their components. Fifteen Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) were the focus of the ESI, of which 11 were recommend for further investigation. The work included a review of historical records, field investigations, laboratory analyses, data interpretation, and report preparation. Contamination from volatile organic compounds and semi volatile organic compounds is not a major problem at the ASA. Arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, nickel, silver, vanadium, zinc, explosives, and total petroleum hydrocarbons were detected above control screening values levels in one or more of the media sampled. Nitrate/nitrite and total organic carbon were also detected above control screening values in samples of groundwater, soil, and sediment from a number of SWMUs.

  19. Biological Pilot Plant Study at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-01

    for the rotating biological disc studies consisted of water dry waste, pretreated NG-1 or NG-2 wastes, fire water and a small amount of settled sew...age. THe fire water , which is simply filtered river water used for fire protection, and the water dry waste were blended to achieve a COD of...consisted of water dry waste, NG-I or NG-2 wastes, fire water and at times a small amount of settled sewage. Because of the extreme variations in

  20. Remediation of dinitrotoluene contaminated soils from former ammunition plants: soil washing efficiency and effective process monitoring in bioslurry reactors.

    PubMed

    Zhang, C; Daprato, R C; Nishino, S F; Spain, J C; Hughes, J B

    2001-10-12

    A pilot-scale bioslurry system was used to test the treatment of soils highly contaminated with 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) and 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT). The treatment scheme involved a soil-washing process followed by two sequential aerobic slurry reactors augmented with 2,4-DNT- and 2,6-DNT-mineralizing bacteria. Test soils were obtained from two former army ammunition plants, the Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant (VAAP, Chattanooga, TN) and the Badger Army Ammunition Plant (BAAP, Baraboo, WI). Soil washing was used to minimize operational problems in slurry reactors associated with large particulates. The Eimco slurry reactors were operated in a draw-and-fill mode for 3 months and were monitored for the biodegradation of 2,4-DNT and 2,6-DNT, nitrite production, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake rate. Results show that soil washing was very effective for the removal of sands and the recovery of soil fines containing 2,4-DNT and 2,6-DNT. Bioslurry reactors offered rapid and nearly complete degradation of both DNT isomers, but require real time monitoring to avoid long lag periods upon refeeding. Results found a significant discrepancy between the measured DNT concentrations and calculated DNT concentrations in the slurry reactors because of solids profiles in the slurry reactors and the presence of floating crystal of DNTs. Based on the actual amount of dinitrotoluene degradation, nitrite release, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake were close to the theoretical stoichiometric coefficients of complete DNT mineralization. Such stoichiometric relationships were not achieved if the calculation was based on the measured DNT concentrations due to the heterogeneity of DNT in the reactor. Results indicate that nitrite release, NaOH consumption, and oxygen uptake rates provide a fast assessment of 2,4-DNT degradation and microbial activity in a slurry reactor, but could not be extended to a second reactor in series where the degradation of a much lower concentration

  1. Economic evaluation of carbon adsorption/ion exchange wastewater-treatment options for Sunflower AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) NQ (nitroguanidine) wastewater-treatment facility. Final report, October 1986-July 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Balasco, A.A.; Cheng, G.C.; Field, E.L.; Vejins, V.R.

    1987-07-31

    The objective of this subtask was to provide an estimate of the capital investment and operating costs for the wastewater-treatment technology option involving activated-carbon adsorption and ion exchange for primary separation, and multiple-effect evaporation and spray drying for volume reduction. During the course of this study, however, it became evident that the process economics could be significantly improved of the ion-exchange step was eliminated from the process scheme. The bases for the system design, plant operation, and cost evaluation were provided to Arthur D. Little by Sunflower AAP personnel to make certain that direct comparisons could be made with other treatment options under consideration.

  2. Plant Equipment Packages: Are they a Credible Deterrent to War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    TESTS BY RIVERBANK ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT . . . 62 E. MACHINE CAPABILITY ..... .............. 63 F. TEST RESULTS ...... ................. 67 G...government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant in California, contains eight production lines capable of manufacturing 11...37,919,544.00 7 Production line #8 in PEP #0224 at Riverbank Army Ammunition Plant has 34 pieces of IPE and is capable of manufacturing the M42, M46

  3. Aquatic Field Survey at Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant, Chattanooga, Tennessee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-06-24

    MailaBgji8iiMMggMMMHMig^iiiliIMtiaM(aMBM|M m ..„....„„ ,„,.,.... ^,... —^^n^^g^ Table B-6 shows only one species, Oedogonium spp., at Station A, in...X X X X X X X X Chlorophyceae Chaetopeltis sp. Choleochaete spp. Cylindrocapsa geminella Mougeotia spp. Oedogonium sp. 1 Ulothrix spp...Chlorophyceae Aphanochaete polychaete Bulbochaete sp. Choleochaete spp. j Cylindrocapsa geminella j Mougeotia spp. Oedogonium sp. 1

  4. Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste by Pyrolysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-03-01

    the bottom. Pyroly - sis gases are removed, cooled in stages, and the hydrocarbon products recovered. The oil recovered is similar to a Bunker C fuel...technical details were available. The system uses a modified plastic extruder as a pyroly - zer and it appears to have some unique capabilities. The

  5. Insulation of Nitrocellulose Boiling Tubs at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Manufactured oy Pittsburg-Corning. 1 nW I. Zero permeability per ASTM C355 2. Low thermal expansion 3. High relative compressive strength 4. Lightweight 5...were used, one for steam flow between 0 and 680 kg/hr ( 0 lb and 1501) [b/hr), arid a second one for flows between b80 kg and 3402 kg/hr (1500 lb and...less than 96 0 C. At other times the autocontrol sensor had the steam valve open when the manual sensor showed more than 96 0 C. The single sensor

  6. Historic Properties Report: Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Grand Island, Nebraska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-01

    contained TNT and aluminum poder .29 The Nebraska Ordnance Works at Wahoo did the pioneer work in loading both Composition B and tritonal, and trained...Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings, 1983. Wash., D.C.: Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Ser •ice. 1983. Quayle, L. A

  7. Removal of DNT from Wastewaters at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-31

    toxic. Microbial degradation was further evaluated using industrial seed comprised of four bacterial genera (Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes ...Flavobacterium, and Pseudomonas ) and one yeast (Rhodotorula) for comparison to municipal seed. A Warburg respirometer was utilized according to the Umbreit (1972

  8. Environmental Survey and Assessment of Gateway Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    which can cause histoplasmosis . SECURITY Cl-ASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE./"an Dat& Entored) GAAPFINAL. I/SUMMARY. 1 6/3/82 o01314 SUMMARY This report...and Recovery Act of 1976; and the presence of a biological health hazard, which can cause histoplasmosis . Spills and leaks of hydraulic fluid and oil...3.5.2 Spills 3-38 3.5.3 Histoplasmosis Hazard 3-39 3.6 AIR SAMPLING 3-39 4.0 INSTALLATION ASSESSMENT 4-1 4.1 MAIN MANUFACTURING BUILDING 4-3 4.2

  9. Excess Area Contamination Survey of Indiana Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-25

    DOCUMENTS Unclassified SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OP THIS PAGE ( Whai Dime Sam ___________________ / .REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE BEFORECOPEIGFR ; OTNum&" ~ 1.GVT...and hexane , and air dried. Acquisition of labels was part of the Pre-Field Setup procedure, in which sample stations, fractions, sample trip itinerary...turnaround bordered by the service road. The area was densely forested with deciduous and coniferous trees. Ground cover was dense, with leaf litter

  10. Redmedial Action, Decision Document, Leaseback Area, Alabama Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-02-01

    areas, finishing in January 1946. The government released the constructing and operating contractor in a final settlement in September 1946. During the...SuMDs 102-A Tank Farm 0 102-3 Tank Farm 0 102-C Tank Farm 0 104-A Wood ?ulp Dry House 0 104-3 Coton Dry House 0 I04-C Cotton Dry House 0 105-A

  11. Theoretical and Practical Issues Regarding U.S. Army Ammunition Freight Movements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    reexamination of the nation’s power projection requirements and alternatives, changing attitudes in the United States about the size of the defense...standard rate term "Ton-Miles." Dummy or indicator variables (MTHDD=l for dromedary and MTHD_V=1 for van) were used to represent MTHD TRANS entries from...the database. The term " dromedary " is used for a smaller container that provides more segregation and security commonly used for small ammunition

  12. Ventilation Study of Proposed Ammunition Plant at Lake City Arsenal

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-01

    US’ATIlu Intern Training Ceni er Red River Army Depot Texarkana, Texas 75501 F - DISTRIBUTTON UNI 1TITED F~~ 1 Prepared for K~ SAFETY GRADUA I tNGNER...6 ~ 4v , ( \\ 1 . FOREWARD ! I’ fP The research discussed in this report was accomplished as part of the Safety Engineering Graduate Program conducted...DOCUMENTATION1 PAGE j3rioifO-h’O/PWNORM 1 . REPORT NUMOER 2. GOVT ACCESSION No. 3. RtLCIPIl1NT’S CATALOG NW,/ 1 )IEN U3N"C-rrC- (2.-03-76-41,_____ __’__ 4

  13. Beryllium surface levels in a military ammunition plant.

    PubMed

    Sanderson, Wayne T; Leonard, Stephanie; Ott, Darrin; Fuortes, Laurence; Field, William

    2008-07-01

    This study evaluated the presence of beryllium surface contamination in a U.S. conventional munitions plant as an indicator of possible past beryllium airborne and skin exposure and used these measurements to classify job categories by potential level of exposure. Surface samples were collected from production and nonproduction areas of the plant and at regional industrial reference sites with no known history of beryllium use. Surface samples of premoistened wiping material were analyzed for beryllium mass content using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and results expressed as micrograms of beryllium per 100 square centimeters (micro g/100 cm(2)). Beryllium was detected in 87% of samples collected at the munitions plant and in 72% of the samples collected at regional reference sites. Two munitions plant samples from areas near sanders and grinders were above 3.0 micro g/100 cm(2) (U.S. Department of Energy surface contamination limit). The highest surface level found at the reference sites was 0.44 micro g/100 cm(2). Workers in areas where beryllium-containing alloy tools were sanded or ground, but not other work areas, may have been exposed to airborne beryllium concentrations above levels encountered in other industries where metal work is conducted. Surface sampling provided information useful for categorizing munitions plant jobs by level of past beryllium airborne and skin exposure and, subsequently, for identifying employees within exposure strata to be screened for beryllium sensitization.

  14. Levelized cost-benefit analysis of proposed diagnostics for the Ammunition Transfer Arm of the US Army`s Future Armored Resupply Vehicle

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkinson, V.K.; Young, J.M.

    1995-07-01

    The US Army`s Project Manager, Advanced Field Artillery System/Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (PM-AFAS/FARV) is sponsoring the development of technologies that can be applied to the resupply vehicle for the Advanced Field Artillery System. The Engineering Technology Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has proposed adding diagnostics/prognostics systems to four components of the Ammunition Transfer Arm of this vehicle, and a cost-benefit analysis was performed on the diagnostics/prognostics to show the potential savings that may be gained by incorporating these systems onto the vehicle. Possible savings could be in the form of reduced downtime, less unexpected or unnecessary maintenance, fewer regular maintenance checks. and/or tower collateral damage or loss. The diagnostics/prognostics systems are used to (1) help determine component problems, (2) determine the condition of the components, and (3) estimate the remaining life of the monitored components. The four components on the arm that are targeted for diagnostics/prognostics are (1) the electromechanical brakes, (2) the linear actuators, (3) the wheel/roller bearings, and (4) the conveyor drive system. These would be monitored using electrical signature analysis, vibration analysis, or a combination of both. Annual failure rates for the four components were obtained along with specifications for vehicle costs, crews, number of missions, etc. Accident scenarios based on component failures were postulated, and event trees for these scenarios were constructed to estimate the annual loss of the resupply vehicle, crew, arm. or mission aborts. A levelized cost-benefit analysis was then performed to examine the costs of such failures, both with and without some level of failure reduction due to the diagnostics/prognostics systems. Any savings resulting from using diagnostics/prognostics were calculated.

  15. Anaerobic treatment of army ammunition production wastewater containing perchlorate and RDX.

    PubMed

    Atikovic, Emina; Suidan, Makram T; Maloney, Stephen W

    2008-08-01

    Perchlorate is an oxidizer that has been routinely used in solid rocket motors by the Department of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Royal Demolition Explosive (RDX) is a major component of military high explosives and is used in a wide variety of munitions. Perchlorate bearing wastewater typically results from production of solid rocket motors, while RDX is transferred to Army industrial wastewaters during load, assemble and pack operations for new munitions, and hot water or steam washout for disposal and deactivation of old munitions (commonly referred to as demilitarization, or simply demil). Biological degradation in Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors (AFBR), has been shown to be an effective method for the removal of both perchlorate and RDX in contaminated wastewater. The focus of this study was to determine the effectiveness of removal of perchlorate and RDX, individually and when co-mingled, using ethanol as an electron donor under steady state conditions. Three AFBRs were used to assess the effectiveness of this process in treating the wastewater. The performance of the bioreactors was monitored relative to perchlorate, RDX, and chemical oxygen demand removal effectiveness. The experimental results demonstrated that the biodegradation of perchlorate and RDX was more effective in bioreactors receiving the single contaminant than in the bioreactor where both contaminants were fed.

  16. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1984 Submitted to Congress January 1983. Procurement Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles, Ammunition and Other National Guard Equipment. Part 4.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    Data Sheets................................ 4-35 4-1 January 1983 I II I II I I I - - , PROCURKNKNT OF AhIUNITIOIN, ARM Section 1 Budget Appendix xtract...34WWI-........................-.- .-..--..- n-.-----.-- i Army Procurement of Ammunition. Army 31 JaN 83 Program and Finaci , n (Il thousads of dotl ars...projectiles. 155w ADAM/RAMS 189.7 The Area Denial Artillery Munition (ADAM) and Remote Anti- Armor Mine Systems (RAAS) projectiles are artillery

  17. One Door to the Corps: The U.S. Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville Historical Update, 1998-2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    2 Figure 1.2 The Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant was situated on property leased from NASA’s Stennis Space Center (NASA photo...BIM BMD BOCC BRAC BTU CAEADS CAL CAMDS CEA CENTCOM CERCLA CERL CFSC CJTF-7 CMA CMA CMC CMR CONUS COS CPW Army Ammunition Plant ...Pantex special weapons plant at Amarillo, Texas. Huntsville also assisted in development of systems Looking Back • 3 planning and engineering support

  18. Improving Planning for Military Construction of Army Child Development Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    77 McAlester Ammunition Plant , Oklahoma 78 Fort Meade, Maryland 79 Presidio of Monterey, California 79 During our audit...7,” May 28, 2010 U.S. Army Audit Agency Army Audit Agency Report No. A-2010-0120- ALO , “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 - Fort...Stewart and Hunter Army Airfield, Georgia,” June 23, 2010 Army Audit Agency Report No. A-2010-0073- ALO , “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  19. A GAMS-Based Model of the U.S. Army Wartime Ammunition Distribution System for the Corps Level.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    the WADS. The Generalized Algebraic Modelling andsteni used to implement both models. The sequential heuristic locates ammuunition facilities with a...RESEARCH from the POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL March I Approved by: 4 77 R. Kevin Wood, Thesis Advisor Richard E. Rosenthal, Second Reader Peter Purdue, Chairman... Algebraic Modelling System is used to implement both models. The sequential heuristic locates ammunition facilities with a binary integer program and then

  20. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT OF GENERAL DECON TECHNOLOGY FOR THE U.S. ARMY'S INSTALLATION/RESTORATION PROGRAM

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document reports on the results of bench-scale tests of treatment technologies for explosive-containing sediment located in lagoons at Army ammunition plants. A companion literature search identified the appropriate explosives remediation technologies to be evaluated. ...

  1. Analysis of organic compounds in aqueous samples of former ammunition plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levsen, K.; Preiss, A.; Berger-Preiss, E.

    1995-10-01

    New approaches are presented for the extraction and analysis of explosives and related compounds in aqueous samples from former ammunition production sites. Quantitative extraction of nitroaromatics but also of the polar nitramines such as RDX and HMX is achieved by solid phase extraction with styrene-divinylbenzene polymers (Lichrolut EN). Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) has been used to identify and quantify unknowns in ammunition waste water. Finally, automated multiple development (AMD) high performance thin layer chromatography was applied for the first time to the analysis of this compound class.

  2. Pilot Plant Nitrocellulose Recovery Using Dichloromethane as the Extracting Solvent for Badger Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-12-01

    WC 870 Speed) F-3 Balli ; tic Acceptance Test X3492 (Wc 870 Speed) F-4 Powders for WC 846 Blending F-5 Propellant Description Sheet X3491 (WC 846...F 56000 -37 -4700 __20 10578 11178 ! 20 4125o]+125°:48000 -7 +100 REMARKS. Chamber Pressure +3 SD= 51,992 psi nATs CHARGE GUM OR GAGE NO. MEAN STANDAR

  3. Evaluation of Industrial Liquid Waste Plant Design at Holston Army Ammunition Plant. Phase I. Part 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    Eckenfelder 2 3 made in trickling filter operation. The fractional order for the operational Loading rate was obtained as shown in Figure 2. The data of Hash...et al. 5 were replotted and found to be essentially the same as reported by Grady4 and by Eckenfelder . 2 3 While the rate did change and was...Report, WP-01181. 22. Rich, L.C. 1963. Unit Processes of Sanitary Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. 23. Eckenfelder , W.W., Jr. 1966

  4. Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology Project. Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, B.

    1993-03-01

    The Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology (AAIT) Project is an activity of the Robotics & Process Systems Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the US Army`s Project Manager-Ammunition Logistics (PM-AMMOLOG) at the Picatinny Arsenal in Picatinny, New Jersey. The project objective is to evaluate new two-dimensional bar code symbologies for potential use in ammunition logistics systems and automated reloading equipment. These new symbologies are a significant improvement over typical linear bar codes since machine-readable alphanumeric messages up to 2000 characters long are achievable. These compressed data symbologies are expected to significantly improve logistics and inventory management tasks and permit automated feeding and handling of ammunition to weapon systems. The results will be increased throughout capability, better inventory control, reduction of human error, lower operation and support costs, and a more timely re-supply of various weapon systems. This paper will describe the capabilities of existing compressed data symbologies and the symbol testing activities being conducted at ORNL for the AAIT Project.

  5. Automated ammunition logistics for the Crusader program

    SciTech Connect

    Speaks, D.M.; Kring, C.T.; Lloyd, P.D.; Ray, T.L.; Jatko, W.B.

    1997-03-01

    The US Army`s next generation artillery system is called the Crusader. A self-propelled howitzer and a resupply vehicle constitute the Crusader system, which will be designed for improved mobility, increased firepower, and greater survivability than current generation vehicles. The Army`s Project Manager, Crusader, gave Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) the task of developing and demonstrating a concept for the resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to sustain the howitzer with ammunition and fuel and will significantly increase capabilities over those of current resupply vehicles. Ammunition is currently processed and transferred almost entirely by hand. ORNL identified and evaluated various concepts for automated upload, processing, storage, docking and delivery. Each of the critical technologies was then developed separately and demonstrated on discrete test platforms. An integrated technology demonstrator, incorporating each of the individual technology components to realistically simulate performance of the selected vehicle concept, was developed and successfully demonstrated for the Army.

  6. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  7. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  8. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  9. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  10. 48 CFR 908.7111 - Arms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Arms and ammunition. 908... ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Special Items 908.7111 Arms and ammunition. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 4655, the Secretary of the Army is authorized to furnish arms,...

  11. How The Army Can Be An Environmental Paragon Through Energy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-01

    22 Biomass energy ......................................................................................................22...circulate ground water to clean water contaminants from an Army ammunition plant (29: NP). The Renewables Biomass energy Biomass or bioenergy is...agricultural and rural economies. Biomass energy can be obtained by way of biofuels and biopower. Biofuels Biofuels convert biomass to liquid fuel for

  12. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 1. Appendices A Through D

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    Leaching Procedure TDS total dissolved solids tpy tons/year TSDF transfer storage and disposal facility TSP total suspended particulate matter TSS total...oeeonenf of this form is ’#S•fS-84) PROJECT - adier A". DATE &- o _ LOCATION Souch of- Propl lant DRILLERS .- tD F,, .- . . BurnLn Ground Enriner - CF...MRILLING =NUTRC.CN: LAYINE-MCRTH.EST ORKL:. Euq : 6 D ATE STARTED CIPLTE W NhO: ICASING UZI!: TIP eV: PCE’tNLEVEL:p GZUDESV:gi , SCIL MILLSD: JUTLEVEL

  13. Monitoring of Pesticide Disposal Practices, Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Burlington, Iowa 52600, September 1974 - January 1975

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-15

    epoxide 7.5 .005 lindane 3.8 .0025 methoxychlor 120.0 .08 mirex 60.0 .04 toxaphene 1200.0 .80 chlorpyrifos 12.0 .008 diazinon 48.0 .032 malathion 75.0...polar fraction contains most of the common pesticides including toxaphene and 5442. 3. REAGENTS. a. Silicic acid - Mallinckrodt, Silicar CC-4 special for

  14. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 5. Appendix K.5

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    4 40.e f4e r l el-4.-4 44.- 4 4r4r I.- 44 . -le44 .i -4 ý 4 4-4r ý q ý 1.) 4U 0 9 w a$ a. . a 4 a o w w A IE wb xw a 1- b# ac a4 E aiaaIaaia 4140...1- r-4 H 4 ý4v4e HHH-. tAou o%0 % 0& A. SME- ý UU H 40 41 00 bXiMM4M000xx 00 W. (CA 1-4 v q0 -4 mlEs0 WW Z-IOqu~ZZ 2 vo 0 .4 0 OU) Wb WjnM:b-m2 -4MZ Ŕ...0 -0 r- (n D -4 0 0 %D (N0 1 0 00 ’DOW0U1*00000u)4OODO000000000OW0 0 >~%W~f~- r. ,-41 0 n0q a04 U ) 4Ln0C 4 4 AlMr D ný H4-- MMq (N -L

  15. Milan Army Ammunition Plant. Remedial Investigation Report. Volume 4. Appendices M - T

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    based on data in EPA [1 989b]) and a leafy crop ingestion rate of 261 g/day were used as parameters for the exposure scenario. The leafy crop...APPENDIX R FEDERAL GROUNDWATER CRITERIA APPENDIX S SCREENING LEVEL EVALUATION OF HUMAN EXPOSURES AND RISKS VIA INGESTION OF CROPS AND BEEF FROM MAAP...Sampling Data RVER-2 RVER-2B 8/22/90 CREK-1 CREK-1 B 8/26/90 CREK-2 CREK-2B 8/26/90 CREK-6 CREK-6A 8/13/90 CREK-6 CREK-6B 8/13/90 CREK-3 CREK-3B 8/21

  16. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: COGNIS TERRAMET LEAD EXTRACTION PROCESS - TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT - COGNIS, INC.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The TERRAMET® soil remediation system leaches and recovers lead (including metallic lead, and lead salts and oxides), and other metals from contaminated soil, sludge, or sediment. The system uses a proprietary aqueous leachant that is optimized through treatability tests for the ...

  17. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 1. Text Sections 1 Through 12

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    achieved with tablets for sublingual administration containing 0.4 mg NG. A reported therapeutic dose level ranges from 2.5 to 5.0 mg every 2 to 3 hours...conversion of NG to nitrites in the body. An individual had a methemoglobin level of 7 percent reported following ingestion of 100 tablets of 0.4 mg NG over a...CSFs) identified for NG. NG has been used for the treatment of angina pectoris. Therapeutic levels may be achieved with tablets for sublingual

  18. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 2. Appendices D.2 Through F

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    NUMBER METHOD REQUIRED COLL rED SAMPLE BOTTLE 1D NUMBERS PP METALS (SPECIFIED BELOW) 4 DEG C Dc OSl / /._ ..__ _ __ AL JSl2 4 DEGC / / C/ CA I. DEG C...TYPE OF SURFACE SEAL (IF INSTALLED) 4. SOLID PIPE TYPE PVC SCri 80 I SOLID PIPE LENGTH 42 ft. jJOINT TYPE SLIP/GLUEDjj RED . 15. TYPE OF BACKFILL Cement...Source of wow added is. COD .... _rmn1 . _ mgil 1O.Andyuusisof, Omaw•i,,3 d"Yes CY. oo ... (7fyes. anwh remain) r?. Pum’p used ’ucw £mnjrrifo Red :4iO

  19. Remedial Investigation Report for Lake City Army Ammunition Plant. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    6 ɚ.50 Nicke dissolved 74.7 ɡ.60 ɡ 60 ɡ 60 12.2 ɡ.60 0ckel total 26.4 ɡ 60 209 196 627 ɡ 60 S>eniUM total ɝ.00 5,58   ɝ 00  Si...Lo ad total 6.77 2.53 25.1 298 ɚ.50 .c2,50 Nick ,.i dissolved t 4.4 ɡ.60 131 ɡ.60 20 4 31.9 Ni~itotal 11,5 ɡ.60 95.4 93.5 38 5 27 5,1-r dissolvocd...11.1 13.3 -050 dissoived ɚ.50 ɚ.50 ɚ.50 ɚ 50 3.44 ɚ.50 Lead total ɚ.50 ɚ.50 566 ɚ.50 ɚ.50 ɚ.50 Nick ~el. dissolved 19.3 17.2 27 1 28 5 40.7

  20. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Vermillion County, Indiana

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-21

    architectural review and planning function is being directed by the Service’s Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), while the prehistoric and...1983). A companion historic architectural study is in preparation by NPS’s Historic American Building Survey (HABS), but is not yet available (William...lies within the "warm temperate montane moist for- est" bioclimatic formation (Sawyer and Lindsey 1963). This is the cli- matic zone associated with

  1. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 3. Appendices G Through J

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    from the National Weather Service (NWS) in Madison, WI (Appendix C). SwO,49239.080 3-3 6353-12 TABLE 3-2 LOCATION AND CONSTR0ICTION INFORMATION FOR...DATA W(M9239.080 6953-12 BAROMETRIC DATA FROM THE NATIONAL ON SITE WEATHER SERVICE IN MADISON. WI BAROMETRIC PROBE DATA ELAPSED ELAPSED TIME...13.973 BAROMETRIC DATA FROM THE NATIONAL ON SITE WEATHER SERVICE IN MADISON. WI BAROMETRIC PROBE DATA ELAPSED ELAPSED TIME BAROMETRIC TIME BAROMETRIC

  2. Electric Motor Usage, Repair, and Replacement Practices at Kansas Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    i i n i t-i «r -r OJ i i ( I I OJ iN o J I OJ I 0M I CN cosm i inininminmODCOSincDSOO SvNS I —1-4—i^^^SQ—<—’S^S 0-1 0) OM I -i...QZ-J-ZZO-mZ or~oo-or-oos-oo Zr^ZQZCDZZOZ I I E Oil S Oil N K5 I I o tn a. i i I i I i I I N I I I I i in o I I I

  3. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 7. Appendices M Through R

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    PRINCIPAL AND SUPPORTING STUDIES (ORAL RfD) U.S. EPA. 1986. Ninety-day gavage study in albino rats using acetone. Office of Solid Waste, Washington, DC...Acetone was administered by gavage for 90 days to groups of albino rats (30/sex/group) at 0. 100, 500, or 2500 mg/kg/day. Body weights, food...hemangioendotheliomas in Strain A-derived albino mice; 3/24 mice injected with benz[a]anthracene and 1% croton oil and 1/26 mice injected with benz[a

  4. Rocket Paste Production Buildings Investigation, Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin (Phase 1)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-24

    cadmium reactor, where nitrate is reduced to nitrite. Sulfanilic acid and N -(1- naphthyl ) ethylenediamine (NED) are added at this step. The resulting...degrees Celsius DEP diethyl phthalate DNPA di- n -propyl adipate DNT dinitrotoluene DoD Department of Defense DS differential speed ES even speed...basis for this technology derives from the observation that a small fraction of the light falling on a material will be absorbed by exciting the chemical

  5. Residual Explosives Criteria for Treatment of Area P Soil, Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-11

    iheltii effects viewpoint was requested, details of which are documented in this repurt.. Three situat-ions were addressed, those of potable groundwater...level to avert further contamination of the aquifer. A second evaluation led to a set of soil levels that should prevent adverse aquatic effects in the...evaluaticn of this plan with respect to health effects . The present report documents this evaluation. 2.0 SITE SPECIFIC INFORMATION "The groundwater and soils

  6. Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) Report; Alabama Army Ammunition Plant, Talladega County, Alabama.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-01

    wall erosion and sedimentation and do not contribute to surface water contamination. Low levels of nitroaromatic compounds were detected in the...with nitroaromatic compounds. However, these sediments have been buried by channel wall erosion and sedimentation and do not contribute to surface...drainage system is contaminated with nitroaromatic compounds. However, these sediments have been buried by channel wall erosion and sedimentation and

  7. Evaluation of Ultra-High-Speed Fire Protection Systems Presently in Service at Army Ammunition Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-08-17

    adequately tested it is necessary to know the spectral irradiances from each type of pyrotechnic material fire. Without these data it is impossible to...measurements of the spectral irradiances of pyrotechnics and propellant material fires/explosions. Detectors are being employed whose wavelengths may...response time of detection; they must also be known in conjunction with those from nonpyrotechnic material fire sources, false alarm sources, such as

  8. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 6. Appendix L

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    f0 4a 4a s M040 4 Ma 4a 0 414=44m sdf c fa d1Wi#a zzz14zzzzzz WO WM XOI1 z I aw -va 04010 0.4 1-* HD H 4E - 000M 40 04MZQ I-OM a0 Z x - zz 141414141414...00c Rdoo I R.1c I’l x - V) X C4f - e J2 4: I- 4: I 0 I a I 3 0 A 0 -. :1 1 0 U V a j .2 = jt! L’ I . L 1 ;I - U *1 * * * N U U I U U I I I U U...0- 0J -0000 0 ~ Z I -; :5e:Z - x f ~ -- < 1 u u ) U U U - -t - - - - - - - -1 - - - -- . -- - .- -- - - tn c . V l n V,:-%-r :,c -~’ -47 󈧕 0-0

  9. Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant Longterm Groundwater Monitoring Health and Safety Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    oxidizing agent which supports combustion and an explosive hazard if heated under confinement that allows high pressure buildup. Prevent contamination of...conditions (Sec. 9). Hazardous polymerization cannot occur. Chemical Incompatibilities: Ammonium nitrate is a strong oxidizing agent that reacts with strong...refrigerant, a fertilizer, a cleaning and bleaching agent , a household cleaner, a condensation catalyst, a neutralizing agent in the petroleum industry, and

  10. Remedial Investigation Report for USATHAMA - RATSS Lake City Army Ammunition Plant, Independence, Missouri. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    DESCRIPTION TO ~~ wi..E U. w ~ COLOR-MATERIAL-MOISTURCYCOSTEYFROM TO X W9 O Ls =8 SAND DENSITY wu UZ 0 0L:E :E .Zm €: 10.0’ 4.5’ WB Orange sandy clay, soft to...med. 8.0’ WB Light brown sandy clay, soft 8.0’ 9.5’ WB Brown & orange fine to med. sand 9.5’ 11.0’ STI 1.0 Orange & brown fine to med. sand 11.0’ 17.0...8217 WB Brown & orange fine sand 17.0’ 18.0’ WB Gray clay, soft to med. - 24.0’ Wi Light brown fine sand 40.0’ WB Gray fine sand 40.0’ Total deptb U

  11. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 4. Appendices K.1 Through K.4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    8217 % ’’ ’’O 00 00(’(4’( a4)ý mooC ’ c’ ’ ’ ’MMMM MMMM MM(4’ ’ ’ ’ 𔃾(4(4(4(I ’ ’ � 44 4 4,~4M -0. 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000...8217. 1 MOM.. S 04 041 040404v we44444444444444000000000000000 04 om w 04 . 0 sIg s- 44444444 -- 4I-sI -- 444*OSIS M M MMMMM 111111 MI IIIlIIII~iII~II...i ... ji+ ++ + +++ + ++ + + Il ’-4 0 *00 00000I@UIeIS000 S0000 005 sig o .41 00000000000000000 00 00 0 00 0 0 0 00 00 0 00000000 *i

  12. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Scranton Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    DARCOM installations isrpart of a developing national acceptance of the historic Resource Protection Planning Process (RP3) (HCRS 1980). RP3 presents an...to facilitate railroad engine repair. A portion of the Bessemer Steel Rail Rolling Mill, previously stood in the location of the eastern half of...depth of several feet occurred in this area. Prior to 1907, GDA-4 was the site of the 1875 Steel Works Buildings (Hopkins 1877). Portions of the Bessemer

  13. Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study; UST and AST Site Investigation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-10-01

    Investigation Sampling Point Locations Load Line 1 4-5 UST and AST Investigation Summary 4-6 AST/UST Investigation Detections above NDEQ Cleanup Levels...Sampling Point Locations Load Line 2 4-10 AST/UST Investigation Detections above NDEQ Cleanup Levels in Soil at Load Line 2 4-11 AST/UST...Investigation Sampling Point Locations Load Line 3 4-12 AST/UST Investigation Detections above NDEQ Cleanup Levels in Soil at Load Line 3 DAAA15-91-D-0014 iii

  14. Remedial Investigation Badger Army Ammunition Plant, Baraboo, Wisconsin. Volume 2. Tables and Figures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    BASE BUNDAR r> BEROCK UTCRO 9NPoplanTE:nn~:G~on BASEMAP ROM SGS S-MNUT TOPOGSeAtliC CONOU MAPS, SAUK~~il CIT sAUl PRARIaNR BADGER ARM AMMNIIO PAN...ABLnEGnENDlSrvcs.Ic BASE BUNDAR cj ~ ~ ~ O , YM PLA Cm .. k I I I I f. * ’a ’W~9 ’%~ Li / Cbr ml . ’e IRE) N0 22 bPOW" 3_ - . .Lf A/t I- 10 -- I(: sg AU...DIRECTION OF GROUNDWATER QL., FLOW *W MONITORING WELL OR PIEZO1 " USED TO DETERMINE CONTOURS NOTES: 1. BASE MAP FROM USGS 7.5-MINUTE 4 TOPOGRAPHIC CONTOUR

  15. Characterizing PCB contamination in Painted Demolition Debris: The Painted History at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    as PCB Bulk Product Waste (i.e. no samples; waste disposed in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill). EPA requests paint and substrate samples be...OR PCB remediation waste?  EPA TSCA guidance states painted demolition debris is PCB bulk waste product and may be disposed of in a municipal solid waste  EPA

  16. Hazards Analysis of Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-01

    wastes, two energy recovery processes currently being used with municipal solid waste and other types of biomass are being considered. One process con...military explosives are finding their way into municipal solid waste (table 1). In several cases investigators dis- covered the origins of...location is different. However, the waste from each site consists of the following types: 1. Non-contaminated - Similar to municipal solid waste except

  17. An Assessment of the Cultural Resources within the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, Harrison County, Texas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-01

    southeast Oklahoma (Bruseth et al. 1987:43-47; Peter and Jurney 1988:24-26). This may have affected the project area either directly, as a period of...bordering Caddo Lake. This locality is situated in both the upland flats and alluvial bottomlands zones and is purported to be a boat landing and fishing...facilities (Localities 14 and 15), and a boat dock/fishing station (Location 31). These localities offer an insight into the settlement and land use

  18. Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology Project

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, B.

    1993-01-01

    The Automatic Ammunition Identification Technology (AAIT) Project is an activity of the Robotics Process Systems Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the US Army's Project Manager-Ammunition Logistics (PM-AMMOLOG) at the Picatinny Arsenal in Picatinny, New Jersey. The project objective is to evaluate new two-dimensional bar code symbologies for potential use in ammunition logistics systems and automated reloading equipment. These new symbologies are a significant improvement over typical linear bar codes since machine-readable alphanumeric messages up to 2000 characters long are achievable. These compressed data symbologies are expected to significantly improve logistics and inventory management tasks and permit automated feeding and handling of ammunition to weapon systems. The results will be increased throughout capability, better inventory control, reduction of human error, lower operation and support costs, and a more timely re-supply of various weapon systems. This paper will describe the capabilities of existing compressed data symbologies and the symbol testing activities being conducted at ORNL for the AAIT Project.

  19. Models for Ammunition Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-01

    Analysis Operations Research Management Models Mobilization Planning Computer Programming Ammunition Management Economic Analysis Production Planning...ammunition managers on a unique set of nine modern computer models specifically developed to support the conventional ammunition management decision...DECISION MODELS DIRECTORATE ROCK ISLAND, ILLINOIS 61201 r ABSTRACT This special management report presents a unique set of nine computer models

  20. DoD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    of Terms The following are descriptions of terms and phrases commonly used in conjunction with ammunition, explosives, and other dangerous materials... dangerous materials for interim periods prior to storage or shipment. Hygroscopic A tendency of material to absorb moisture from its surroundings. Hypergolic...requirements of various magazines for ammunition, explosives and other dangerous materials. A. Army Igloo Magazines 1. Reinforced concrete, arch-type

  1. Wartime Requirements for Ammunition, Materiel, and Personnel (WARRAMP). Volume IV. Ammunition Post-Processor Program Maintenance Manual.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    7 AD-A~L1 692 CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA F/. 15/7 WARTIME REQUIREMENTS FOR AMMUNITION, MATERIEL, AND PERSONNEL (W-ETC(Ul FEB 82 Rt G RHOADES...REPORT S, PERIOo COVERED0 Wartime Requirements for Ammunition, Materiel Final: Sep 80 -- Feb 82 and Personnel (WARRAMP), Volume-IV, Ammunition...Dome 20. \\JABSMICT on the UNIVAC 1100/ 82 installed at the US Army Concepts Analysis A~eacy. NTIS owA& ED7IC TOI DIstribution/ C IOD a:I i Ava a

  2. Robotics In Manufacturing: Army View

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michel, F. J.

    1983-05-01

    (Figure 1) This is an outline of my presentation today. The U. S. Army has a dual interest in the use of robots, namely: 1. As a substitute for or an extension of the soldier in the battlefield, and 2. in the factories that make Army materiel, or - as we call it -the the production base. The Production Base can again be divided into three separate segments, i.e., the Army owned and operated facilities or GOG6s, such as Rock Island and Watervliet arsenals, and not to be overlooked, the depot operations. There the Army manufactures gun tubes and other related parts for artillery weapons and repairs and overhauls them. A second category is the Army owned and contractor operated facilities or GOCOs,such as the ammunition plants, the tank plants at Lima, Ohio and Warren, Michigan and the Stratford Engine Plant in Connecticut where gas turbines for helicopter and the Abrams tank are manufactured. The last category covers the industrial base, that is those factories which are not only operated but also owned by the contractor himself also referred to as COCOs. You can see from this description that the Army is supported by a base which produces a diversified line of products. Therefore, the task of technology development and technology insertion is considerably more complex than what one encounters in the average U. S. Manufacturing organization.

  3. MIL-STD-398 Acceptance Test of Ammunition Peculiar Equipment (APE) 1974E002 Continuity Kit for M76 Grenade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-02-01

    SMcAc.DEN C, 0 ! ). Savanna, IL 61074-9639 US ARMY ARMAMENT MUNITIONS EVALUATION DIVISION CHEMICAL COMMAND US ARMY DEFENSE AMMUNITION SAVANNA, ILLINOIS...USADACS). Evaluation Division (SMCAC-DEV), was tasked by the Equipment Division (SMCAC-DEN) to test the Ammunition Peculiar Equipment (APE) 1974E002...Equipment Division and approved by U.S. Army Materiel Command Field Safety Activity (AMCFSA). Charlestown, IN. The test plan defines the Maximum Credible

  4. Robotic conveyance of artillery projectiles for remote ammunition resupply operations

    SciTech Connect

    Ray, T.L.; Glassell, R.L.

    1995-07-01

    The U.S. Army`s Project Manager, Advanced Field Artillery System/Future Armored Resupply Vehicle has given Oak Ridge National Laboratory the task of developing a robotic conveyance system which will provide automated artillery ammunition transfer. This technology is currently being developed and will be demonstrated in the summer of 1995. This paper describes the development of an ammunition transfer arm to date. The arm consists of three sections and 6 D.F. which will allow the Future Armored Resupply Vehicle to dock and mate with the Advanced Field Artillery System on terrain varying from {+-}10{degrees} in pitch, yaw, and roll and will allow for alignment of the fuel and propellant transfer ports. This arm will deliver the ammunition to the AFAS, where it will be received by an automatic handling and storage system inside the AFAS.

  5. Demonstration Results for the Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil at the Twin Cities Army Ammunition Plant, Arden Hills, Minnesota

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    catalyst mixmre in tablet fOnTI. (Available ftom SCT Sales, Inc, Littleton, CO, (303-i30.0084, ca: no, KC-Cl) 7 14 Add 2-4 boiling SlOnes to each tube...indosalicylate to give an emerald green color This is the normal color of the solution in the waste container 7 3 5 With most block digesters, about 3

  6. Engineering Guide for Fire Protection and Detection Systems at Army Ammunition Plants. Volume 1. Selection and Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    control valves, Venturi -type controllers and/or pressure tanks, As the mixture of water and foam concentrate is discharged from the sprinkler head or...1 r~ileticetcr iaesheeti aeils td D Ignition of a cold cathoO tubo that initaiats tho alarm. The * burn weui produe mey deonse "Wubt

  7. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the St. Louis Army Ammunition Plant, St. Louis County, Missouri.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-01

    and by stands of silver maple, hackberry, and pecan . Slough, pond, and lake edges supported black willow, ash, and box elder with lotus, cattails...consisting of sycamore, pecan , kingnut hickory, mulberry, and honey locust, a woodland-brush context primarily (Benchley 1976:1). Lowland prairie...foods for people; on the other hand, the open grown oak and hickory trees on the margin of the prairie and the forest would produce acorn and nut masts

  8. Evaluation of Rhizobium tropici-derived Biopolymer for Erosion Control of Protective Berms. Field Study: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    biopolymer outperformed the commercial petroleum-based polymers in all applications . ERDC TR-16-5 5 Figure 1-2. Comparison of the production of...manufacturer estimates of application times, the treatment was successful. Biologically produced polymers have a number of unique benefits when compared...biopolymer with grass seed. The control area received plain water and seed. Evaluated biopolymer application methods include single surface application

  9. Prove-Out Ram Assessment Report for the 155 mm M483 LAP Line at Kansas Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-01

    ultrasonic cleaner, hung pallets in the powder feed system, infeed body assembly jams and upper cam jams in the pellet press, and cone jams in the cone...ARRADCOM, ATTN: DRDAR-QAR, for evaluation. 6. The efficiency of the pack-out can be improved if parallel grenade stackers are used in place of the...Rate 202 Cone Turned Over 203 Cone Jam 210 Hung Bucket 211 No Powder 212 Hung Pallet 215 Miscellaneous Problem UNTRAYING MACHINE Untraying Tray

  10. Prove-Out RAM Assessment Report for the 155 mm M483 LAP Line at Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-01

    loaded on the automatic powder feed system to be transferred and distributed to the proper loading system. This is an automatic car dispatching system...load manually into the hopper type buggies (25,000 cones per buggy). The buggies are transported via the driverless tractor system to the body...Delivered to individual assembly sys- tems by driverless tractor system as required and the tape stiffener assemblies are manually placed on circulating

  11. Rodent sperm analysis in field-based ecological risk assessment: pilot study at Ravenna army ammunition plant, Ravenna, Ohio.

    PubMed

    Tannenbaum, Lawrence V; Bazar, Matthew; Hawkins, Melanie S; Cornaby, Barney W; Ferguson, Elizabeth A; Chantelle Carroll, L; Ryan, Patrick F

    2003-01-01

    Ecological risk assessment (ERA) guidance recommends that field-truthing efforts proceed when modeled hazard quotients (HQs) suggest that toxicological effects are occurring to site receptors. To date, no field methods have been proposed by the regulatory community that can lead to definitive determinations of acceptable or unacceptable risk for birds and mammals, the two terrestrial classes of receptors that are commonly assessed using the HQ method. This paper describes rodent sperm analysis (RSA) as a viable method to be applied in the field at sites with historical contamination. RSA is capable of detecting biological differences that bear on reproduction, a highly regarded toxicological endpoint of concern in USEPA Superfund-type ERAs. The results of RSA's first application at a study site are reported and discussed. The paper also provides the rationale for RSA's efficacy in the context of Superfund and other environmental cleanup programs, where limited time and money are available to determine and evaluate the field condition.

  12. Final Remedial Investigation Sampling Plan Addendum. Milan Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation Southern Study Area (Operable Unit No. 5)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-09-01

    inspection . "SH" Area located 150 feet south of Disposal Area "H" used as a surface burning/flashingarea for laboratory wastes and ordnance items. "J...burning pits were seen during the site inspection of this area. "L" Location of a diesel-fired incinerator that was used to burn the tracer from 40 mm...planned to address these areas. Other field activities will consist of documenting (mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection

  13. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant, Bossier and Webster Parishes, Louisiana.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-08-06

    1975). Many of these were forest denizens and occurred in what is today northern Louisiana. Simpson (1945) indi- cates that the genus Tapirus ( tapirs ...Felines of North America. American Museum Novitates 1136:19-27. . 1945. Notes on Pleistocene and Recent Tapirs . Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural

  14. EVALUATION OF THE PROTOCOL FOR THE NATURAL ATTENUATION OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS: CASE STUDY AT THE TWIN CITIES ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT

    EPA Science Inventory

    At the request of staff in the EPA Regions, EPA?s Office of Research and Development carried out an independent evaluation of the Technical Protocol for Evaluating Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents in Ground Water (EPA/600/R-98/128). The Protocol was developed around c...

  15. An Archeological Overview and Management Plan for the Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Hawkins and Sullivan Counties, Tennessee

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-25

    forest understory and floor include paw-paw, persiumon, black cherry, huckleberry, service-berry, wild plum, mayapple, blackberry, raspberry and...than today during the Mid-Holocene (8000-4000 years ago), followed by increased precipitation and cooling weather to present conditions. Thus, climatic...construction of an industrial wastewater treatment lift station and a large underground forced-main pipeline. The excavations were supervised by Jim

  16. Biopolymer as an Alternative to Petroleum-based Polymers to Control Soil Erosion: Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-01

    increased overall drought tolerance . In summary, the treatability study on the use of biopolymer amendment to improve slope stability of bermed soil and...technology. The R. tropici bacteria are not added to the soil, just the processed biopolymer they produce. End users for the technology are installations...around roots, and nutrient accumulation (Laspidou and Rittmann, 2002). The secretion of EPS by bacteria is recognized as a cohesive force in promoting

  17. Smart crane ammunition transfer system

    SciTech Connect

    Bradley, E.C.; Killough, S.M.; Rowe, J.C.

    1995-03-01

    The purpose of the Smart Crane Ammunition Transfer System (SCATS) project is to demonstrate robotic/telerobotic controls technology for a mobile articulated crane for missile/ munitions handling, delivery, and reload. Missile resupply and reload have been manually intensive operations up to this time. Currently, reload missiles are delivered by truck to the site of the launcher. A crew of four to five personnel reloads the missiles from the truck to the launcher using a hydraulic-powered crane. The missiles are handled carefully for the safety of the missiles and personnel. Numerous steps are required in the reload process and the entire reload operation can take over 1 h for some missile systems. Recent U.S. Army directives require the entire operation to be accomplished in a fraction of that time. Current requirements for the development of SCATS are being based primarily on reloading Patriot missiles. The planned development approach will integrate robotic control and sensor technology with a commercially available hydraulic articulated crane. SCATS is being developed with commercially available hardware as much as possible. Development plans include adding a 3-D.F. end effector with a grapple to the articulating crane; closed-loop position control for the crane and end effector; digital microprocessor control of crane functions; simplified operator interface; and operating modes which include rectilinear movement, obstacle avoidance, and partial automated operation. The planned development will include progressive technology demonstrations. Ultimate plans are for this technology to be transferred and utilized in the military fielding process.

  18. U.S. Marine Corps Containerized Ammunition Systems Study (1985-1995).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-07-01

    essential MHE tasks at each node and for trans - portation between nodes. Information on alternatives to FLS equipment items is compiled from Army and Air...transported from the beach to an am- munition storage area within an established CSSA, with further trans - shipment to ASPs, when established. Issue of...AMMUNITION SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS 7 ’S. 1% For the Marine Air Wing, heavy payload vehicles are required to trans - port bulk palletized Navy ammunition

  19. Aviation Ammunition (Selected Chapters)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-01

    special molds. The compressed blocks are encased in binding paste and placed in the ammunition shell. The separate- char - ging method of filling allows... compressibility and different density and strength . In explosion of an explosive charge in any medium, a sharp impact of expanding explosion products...properties of the media (different compressibility , density and strength ). The problem of the penetration of bodies into media is posed as follows: assume

  20. Development of an automated ammunition processing system for battlefield use

    SciTech Connect

    Speaks, D.M.; Chesser, J.B.; Lloyd, P.D.; Miller, E.D.; Ray, T.L.; Weil, B.S.

    1995-03-01

    The Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) will be the companion ammunition resupply vehicle to the Advanced Field Artillery System (AFAS). These systems are currently being investigated by the US Army for future acquisition. The FARV will sustain the AFAS with ammunition and fuel and will significantly increase capabilities over current resupply vehicles. Currently ammunition is transferred to field artillery almost entirely by hand. The level of automation to be included into the FARV is still under consideration. At the request of the US Army`s Project Manager, AFAS/FARV, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and evaluated various concepts for the automated upload, processing, storage, and delivery equipment for the FARV. ORNL, working with the sponsor, established basic requirements and assumptions for concept development and the methodology for concept selection. A preliminary concept has been selected, and the associated critical technologies have been identified. ORNL has provided technology demonstrations of many of these critical technologies. A technology demonstrator which incorporates all individual components into a total process demonstration is planned for late FY 1995.

  1. Conversion of Army Heating Plants to Coal: Three Case Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Coal gasification 180 plant Fl uid bed boilers 156 (coal fired) 38 APPENDIX A TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF COAL CONVERSION AT REDSTONE...Totzek Coal Gasification Process 54 4 Steam Demand Versus Steam Capacity - Plant 4725 5 Steam Demand Versus Steam Capacity - Plant 3624 5 View North...advanced coal gasification grocess is the Koppers-Totzek system, shown schemati- cally in Figure 3.b Ducting, burner, and control modifications

  2. Conversion of Army heating plants to coal: three case studies. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Singer, R.; Collishaw, A.

    1982-03-01

    This study reports the results of three site-specific engineering studies to convert main heating plants to coal as a fuel. The Army installations examined were Redstone Arsenal, AL; Picatinny Arsenal, NJ; and the U.S. Military Academy (West Point) in New York. Each of these installations formerly fired coal and was converted to fuel oil about two decades ago. Researchers considered application of both current and advanced coal systems, which included direct combustion (either in suspension or on a grate), production and firing of low- and high-Btu coal-derived gas, and production and use of coal-derived liquid fuel. Both rehabilitation and replacement of plants were considered. Capital investment and annual operating costs are reported for alternative conversions. The report concludes that all three installations should change from fuel oil to coal based on the economics presented. The report recommends: that Redstone Arsenal rehabilitate and reconvert its boilers to fire coal; that Picatinny Arsenal build a new fluid bed boiler plant to replace the existing oil-fired plant; and that West Point build at a new location a coal-fired plant to replace the existing plant.

  3. Army Workload and Performance System: Actions Needed to Complete Assessment of Unnecessary Overlap with Logistics Modernization Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    leadership at two life cycle management commands (Aviation and Missile Command and Joint Munitions Command), three maintenance depots ( Anniston Army...timely response to mobilizations, contingencies, or other emergencies. 10 U.S.C. § 2464. 19The 15 AMC industrial sites are Anniston Army Depot... Anniston Defense Munitions Center, Blue Grass Army Depot, Corpus Christi Army Depot, Crane Army Ammunition Activity, Letterkenny Army Depot, Letterkenny

  4. Ecotoxicity of nitroaromatics to aquatic and terrestrial species at Army Superfund sites

    SciTech Connect

    Hovatter, P.S.; Talmage, S.S.; Opresko, D.M.; Ross, R.H.

    1997-09-01

    Nitroaromatic compounds, including 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, RDX, HMX, tetryl, and associated degradation products, are released into the environment during the manufacturing, loading, packing, and assembling of munitions at US Army Ammunition Plants. With the exception of 2A46DNT, nitroaromatic compounds are more toxic to freshwater fishes than to freshwater invertebrates. Rainbow trout are the most sensitive test species with LC{sub 50} values ranging from 0.43 to 6.4 mg/L for TNT, RDX, and HMX. These compounds produce negative effects on reproductive endpoints in terrestrial mammals at doses >1 mg/kg/day. Limited data indicate that nitroaromatics are not toxic to terrestrial plants and soil invertebrates. Additional studies need to be undertaken to completely characterize the toxicity of these compounds; however, the criteria and screening benchmarks presented in this paper can be used to assess the risks to indigenous flora and fauna at Army Superfund sites.

  5. USMC Ground Ammunition Requirements Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-18

    software package first used by the Marine Corps in 2004. TECOMO 8011.1 defines the total training ammunition requirement as being composed of five...against the Army’s logistical pipeline, mishandling of munitions, spoilage etc. The sum of the calculated combat requirement and these seven add-ons...introduces opportunities for accounting errors.32,33 32 An automated software package to compile

  6. Safe Separation Tests of Composition A-7 Explosive in 165-Pound Tote Bins

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-10-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP), Kingsport , Tennessee , Newport Army Ammunition Plant (NAAP), Newport, Indiana and such new facilities as may be...IL 61201 Commander 40-41 Holston Army Ammunition Plant Kingsport , TN 37660 3-1 * r Ü I k ft y ...production line at the Holston Army Ammunition Plant spacings greater than 130 feet are unacceptable because

  7. Pilot Test of Hot Gas Decontamination of Explosives-Contaminated Equipment at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant (HWAAP), Hawthorne, Nevada. Appendices. Revision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    117-15 and allowed to air dry. A.2 Ammonium picrate spiking procedures. A homogenous liquid solution (i.e., no solid ammonium picrate) was used to...spiking, a batch solution was made to spi)e all test equipment. Forty grams of ammonium picrate were added to 2400 mL of acetone; 300 mL of the homogenous...water to remove residual ammonium picrate. The rinsate was iddad to the equipment. This resulted in a spike of 5 grams of ammonium picrate for each piece

  8. Automation Study for Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant Hand Held Signal Flight Assembly, Rocket Barrel Assembly, 40 MM Signal, Final Packaging/Pack-Out, and Star Finishing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-01

    INSERT r1t ) MIANUIAL SDRIN4 OF DEFECTIYE PTAP MO7OR ASSEMBLIES,CARDBOARD CODRK CORK 2 EODDIT PT IGA NO. 2 STATIC ET SAIOICION STAION 10 STAflON 14...FROU INDEX. PLACE amoCAPPLY FIRST FIRE TO CE)MAR OF STAR "DUWCH SJUKSCREEM -b- 2) APL IRT l MATCHA . ROTATE S7 To STAR SIDE I FIRE TO QIC I ~~MATCHI

  9. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive In Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater (Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    70 5.7.5 Results of Volatile Fatty Acids Analysis .................................................................. 77 5.7.6 Results of...variety of electron donors have been used to stimulate perchlorate reduction using pure or mixed microbial cultures, including alcohols (e.g...generation). • Semi-passive systems do not inject large volumes of oil emulsion that can reduce the hydraulic conductivity of the treatment zone and

  10. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    columns to eliminate photodegradation processes). Controlled tension (vacuum) was applied equally at the bottom of each soil column across the controlled...Environmental Science and Engineering; Gainesville, FL. (32) Ghodrati, M. and W.A. Jury. 1990. A field study using dyes to characterize preferential flow

  11. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive in Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater at Longhorn Army Ammunitions Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    6.4.1 Groundwater Modeling .........................................................21 6.5 FIELD TESTING...vegetable oil FFA Federal Facility Agreement ft feet Geosyntec Geosyntec Consultants gpm gallons per minute GW groundwater ITRC Interstate...points of comparison with the EISB approaches. The cost model focused on treatment of a contaminated plume of groundwater and did not include costs for

  12. Comparative Demonstration of Active and Semi-Passive In Situ Bioremediation Approaches for Perchlorate-Impacted Groundwater at Longhorn Army Ammunitions Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    LAYOUT OF TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS ...............19 6.4.1 Groundwater Modeling .........................................................21 6.5 FIELD ...perchlorate in situ in source areas, or in groundwater as it pass through a linear biobarrier system; and 4) has the ability to treat co- contaminants such...in the deep zone to 37 ft/year in the shallow and intermediate zones. 5.3 CONTAMINANT DISTRIBUTION Groundwater in the vicinity of the Site 16

  13. Feasibility of Using Natural Attenuation as a Remedial Alternative for Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater at Site L1, Joliet Army Ammunition Plant, Joliet, Illinois

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-01

    determination. During sampling Round 3, a sample from each well was assayed for picric acid. In order to increase confidence in observed trends in the data...nitrotoluene (2NT), m-nitrotoluene (3NT), and p-nitrotoluene (4NT). All of these analytes except for the mononitrotoluenes were assayed . In addition...azoxy compounds. All of these analytes were assayed except for the isomeric azoxy compounds. Standards were available for 14 Chapter 3 Groundwater

  14. Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place and Contractor. Part 8 (Newport Army Ammunition Plant, Indiana - Dorsey, Maryland), FY1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    Uj 0 U I CO-, URo NN N 1-4N N N N- N - N N 4 U 1040 U ɜ 4 44 < < < < < 4< < 4 uC)I1 ff4w < <ɜ cc -c < < < WO 4 4c &O.U1q*< U ɜ< 4 m < W 4 4 U Oc...000000 C0 0 . . 00 0 s C wU E i M-4 "UZ CL M 100-4 isLa .) t.. w -4 0.-4 -- s-* o r-in in-4--4 -l -4 q 4 "CMN "- 4DC 0 04 C >MMM lu lini nc-r -t- -r 0, U

  15. Demonstration plan for phytoremediation of explosive-contaminated groundwater in constructed wetlands at Milan Army Ammunition Plant Milan Tennessee. Volume 2. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Behrends, L.; Sikora, F.; Kelly, D.; Coonrod, S.; Rogers, B.

    1996-01-01

    To demonstrate at Milan AAP in April 1996 through July 1997, the technical and economic feasibility of using phytoremediation in an artificial constructed wetlands for treatment of explosives-contaminated groundwater. Validated data on cost and effectiveness of this demonstration will be used to transfer this technology to the user community.

  16. Economic Evaluation of Carbon Adsorption/Ion Exchange Wastewater Treatment Options for Sunflower AAP (Army Ammunition Plant) NQ (Nitroguanidine) Wastewater Treatment Facility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-31

    recirculation pumps were calculated on the basis of the above flow rates and dynamic head requirements. -10 The feed preheater uses the combined condensate...Pumps and Filters 3,615 2 7,230 3.38 24,437 70 gpn, 801 TDH , 3 HP TEFC motor; rubber Lined pump and fitter housing; PP fitter elements. T-103 Feed...3.38 40,053 140 gpm, 40’ TDH , 5 HP TEFC motor; ". %- rubber Lined pump, fitter and piping; - -. two required, one as installed spare

  17. Biological Treatment of Composition B Wastewaters. 2. Analysis of Performance of Holston Army Ammunition Plant Wastewater Treatment Facility, January 1985 through August 1986

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-18

    hexamethylenetetramine ) to raise the COD to a level projected for HSAAP combined wastewater following water conservation modificatiol:s. The present aerobic...nonbiodegradable portion of the influent COD, 5 to 8 mg/L can be attributed to nitramines, while much of the rest may be due to hexamethylenetetramine (hexamine

  18. 27 CFR 478.119 - Importation of ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... feeding devices. 478.119 Section 478.119 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL... AMMUNITION Importation § 478.119 Importation of ammunition feeding devices. (a) No ammunition feeding device... of such device. (b) For purposes of this section, an “ammunition feeding device” is a magazine,...

  19. DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-29

    DoD 6055.09-STD, February 29, 2008 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AAE arms, ammunition, and explosives AAR after action report AC hydrogen cyanide ...Materials ASU ammunition storage unit B barricaded BATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms BEM buried explosion module BIP blow-in-place BLAHA...activities must also comply with Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco , and Firearms (BATF), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and other Federal, State, and

  20. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4403 and 4404, view towards the north without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4403, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  1. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4404 and 4405, view towards the north without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  2. Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of rear and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4404 and 4405, view towards the north with scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  3. Oblique view of front (east) and south sides of ammunition ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Oblique view of front (east) and south sides of ammunition storage buildings 4403 and 4404, view towards the northwest without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4403, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  4. High power microwave hazard facing smart ammunitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohl, J.

    1995-03-01

    The battle field of the present and even more the one in future will be characterized by the use of weapon systems with a high degree of electronics, computers, and sensors, designed and built to keep not only the man out of the loop. But the higher the technology used for smart weapon systems, the more these systems are endangered by numerous sources of hazard. One of those sources is the threat caused by induced or natural electromagnetic fields. These threat factors can be generated by natural, civil and military environment. In principle there are two main applications which must be considered in military applications: Firstly, weapon systems, that is, high power microwave sources as well as intelligent electromagnetic radiation systems to defeat ammunition on the battle field and secondly, the hardening of the own smart ammunition systems and missiles against the interference sources created by the different types of electromagnetic fields. This report will discuss the possible electromagnetic coupling effects on smart ammunition and missiles and their typical interference caused on the electronics and sensor level. Real time 6-DOF simulations show the flight mission which may be compromised depending on the coupled electromagnetic fields. The German MOD has established a research program where smart ammunitions with different seeker systems are investigated in respect of the coupling effects on smart ammunition caused by high power microwaves. This program considers all available resources and know how in Germany. The systems are investigated by analytical, numerical, and experimental methods with passive and activated missiles.

  5. Energy audit of Army Industrial Facility (EEAP), Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Building 4, Warren, Michigan; executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1985-09-27

    The Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant is located in Warren, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. The Detroit Arsenal, of which the tank plant is a part, is the headquarters for U.S. Army Tank Automotive Command (TACOM). The total facility has 105 buildings. The tank plant, Building 4, is the largest at 1,114,000 square feet. Since energy costs have risen dramatically from 1973 and future projections indicate that these costs will continue to rise, energy conservation measures need to be implemented to hold down the operating costs of the facility. Building 4 at the Detroit Arsenal has many varied environmental and process systems that offer the possibility of energy conservation opportunities to be identified, quantified and offered for consideration for implementation through an energy conservation analysis.

  6. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″...

  7. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″...

  8. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″...

  9. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Ammunition Island, Port Valdez... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″...

  10. Steel Ammunition Bins, MIL-STD-l66O Tests.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-03-01

    Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) to conduct MIL- STD -1660 tests on steel ammunition bins with newly-designed plywood lids for use in the...transportation of hazardous waste. This report contains test results of the steel ammunition bins with plywood lids meeting MIL- STD -1660, Design Criteria for Ammunition Unit Loads, test procedures.

  11. Cold Regions Test of Indirect Fire Weapons Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-08

    comparison with test item is on hand. Inspect all test ammunition shipping containers for com- pleteness, general condition, and damage. Record all lot numbers and...insure that the temperature of the ammunition components are at near ambient. During this period ammunition lot numbers and serial numbers will be

  12. Minimum Non-Propagation Distance for 76.2 kg (168 lb) of Flake TNT in Interconnecting Building Ramps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-11-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kingsport , Tennessee , to handle TNT in flake condition. A test...Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARHO-E 1 Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 Director U.S. Army Industrial Base... plant conditions at Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kinsport, Tennessee . The test results show that the minimum

  13. Ammunition Resupply Model. Volume 1. Methodology and User’s Manual.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    11111~ 0.8u 1111- L 1321 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI CHART N A T I O N A4 L 6R Ll 0 1 A .I K . MAY 1983 CAORA/TR-6/83 ACN 65676 _ AMMUNITION RESUPPLY MODEL...D IL DIRECTORATE OF STUDIES AND ANALYSIS-_J i __.COMBINED ARMS OPERATIONS RESEARCH ACTIVITY FORT LEAVENWORTH, KS 66027 83-404f APPROVED FOR PUBLIC...Directorate of Studies and Analysis, US Army Combined Arms Studies and Analysis Activity, Ft. Leavenworth, KS . MRM was developed to operate in parallel with a

  14. Tombs, tunnels, and terraces a cultural resources survey of a former ammunition supply point in Okinawa, Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Verhaaren, B. T.; Levenson, J. B.; Komine, G.

    2000-02-09

    U.S. forces serving at military bases on foreign soil are obligated to act as good stewards of the cultural and natural resources under their control. However, cultural resources management presents special challenges at U.S. bases in other countries where cultural properties laws differ in emphasis and detail from those in the United States and issues of land ownership and occupancy are not always clear. Where status of forces agreements (SOFAs) exist, environmental governing standards bridge the gap between U.S. and host nation cultural priorities. In Japan, the Department of Defense Japan Environmental Governing Standards (JEGS) fill this function. Under Criteria 12-4.2 and 12-4.3 of the JEGS, U.S. Forces Japan commit themselves to inventory and protect cultural properties found on the lands they control or use. Cultural properties include archaeological sites, tombs, historic buildings, and shrines. Natural monuments, such as landscape features or plant and animal species, may also be designated as cultural properties. As part of this commitment, in February 1999 a cultural resources inventory was conducted in Area 1, part of Kadena Air Base (AB), Okinawa, Japan. Area 1, the former U.S. army Ammunition Supply Point 1, is currently used primarily for training exercises and recreational paint ball.

  15. Densified Biomass as an Alternative Army Heating and Power Plant Fuel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    necessary end Identify by block number) wood biomass energy 2(k AWVCr sioravonw seye N neesmy mi identIfy by block number) This investigation evaluated...1. Biomass energy . 2. Wood as fuel. I. Lin, Jeng Shyan. II. Mahon, Daniel L. III. Title. IV. Series: U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory. Technical report E-1S8.

  16. Global Demands: Limited Forces. US Army Deployment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    space lot tirve. hence a rlassical moble defense is !uled out. in Eur ope, one finds not only a lack of geostrategic depth but also an understandable...fuel and ammunition require- ments, putting greater reliance on technology ; Clausewitz-like "friction" always diminishes expected performance...34 Moreover, as General Donald R. Keith has said, " Technology won’t save us if we don’t field it." 18 One serious drain on Army resources is POMCUS-prepo

  17. Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) concept evaluation study. Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Babcock, S.M.; Watkin, D.C.; Oliver, R.P.

    1992-06-01

    The Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) is an initiative to introduce a palletized load system (PLS) that is transportable with an automated ammunition processing and storage system for use on the battlefield. System proponents have targeted a 20% increase in the ammunition processing rate over the current operation while simultaneously reducing the total number of assigned field artillery battalion personnel by 30. The overall objective of the FAAPS Project is the development and demonstration of an improved process to accomplish these goals. The initial phase of the FAAPS Project and the subject of this study is the FAAPS concept evaluation. The concept evaluation consists of (1) identifying assumptions and requirements, (2) documenting the process flow, (3) identifying and evaluating technologies available to accomplish the necessary ammunition processing and storage operations, and (4) presenting alternative concepts with associated costs, processing rates, and manpower requirements for accomplishing the operation. This study provides insight into the achievability of the desired objectives.

  18. Environmental Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    percussion primers typically consist of lead styphnate and antimony sulfide. Although highly effective, these heavy material compounds were identified under...Percussion primers, including those used in medium caliber ammunition, typically contain lead styphnate and antimony sulfide along with other constituents...Furthermore, current percussion primer compositions also contain barium nitrate. Although not negatively categorized by the Environmental Protection

  19. Environmentally Acceptable Medium Caliber Ammunition Percussion Primers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-31

    typically contain lead styphnate and antimony sulfide along with other constituents. Although highly effective, these heavy metal compounds have been...contain barium nitrate. Although not negatively categorized by the EPA itself, barium compounds are generally regarded as toxic and likewise should...contains the lead styphnate based FA956 composition2 which is a typical formulation of conventional military ammunition percussion primers. The

  20. Uncooled Producer Gas for Ketene Manufacture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-03-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT HOLSTON DEFENSE CORPORATION KINGSPORT . TENNESSEE 37662 MARCH 1984 U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND...ADDRESS Holston Army Ammunition Plant Holston Defense Corporation Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT, TASK AREA 4 WORK UNIT...Producer 27 Process, Holston Army Ammunition Plant C Experimental: Baseline

  1. Demonstration of the smart crane ammunition transfer system

    SciTech Connect

    Bradley, E.C.; Killough, S.M.; Rowe, J.C.

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of the Smart Crane Ammunition Transfer System (SCATS) project is to demonstrate robotic/telerobotic controls technology for a mobile articulated crane for missile/munitions handling, delivery, and reload. Missile resupply and reload have been manually intensive operations up to this time. Currently, reload missiles are delivered by truck to the site of the launcher. A crew of four to five personnel reloads the missiles from the truck to the launcher using a hydraulic-powered crane. The missiles are handled carefully for the safety of the missiles and personnel. Numerous steps are required in the reload process and the entire reload operation can take over an hour for some missile systems. Recent US Army directives require the entire operation to be accomplished in a fraction of that time. Current development of SCATS is being based primarily on reloading Patriot missiles. This paper summarizes the current status of the SCATS project at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Additional information on project background and requirements has been described previously (Bradley, et al., 1995).

  2. 6. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). AERIAL VIEW OF BUILDING 1611. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. 'THIS IS THE HONEST JOHN WARHEAD DEMILITARIZATION PLANT. THE DEMILITARIZATION PROCESS CONSISTS OF STRIPPING AND OPENING THE WARHEAD MANUALLY AND DOWNLOADING THE M139 BOMBLETS ONTO A CONVEYOR WHICH CARRIES THEM THROUGH A PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE MACHINE INTO A ROTARY RETORT DEACTIVATION FURNACE WHERE THE BURSTER IS BURNED. THE BOMBLET SHELLS, WHICH ARE ALUMINUM, ARE THEN CONVEYED TO A DECONTAMINATION FURNACE WHERE THEY ARE MELTED AND CAST INTO INGOTS. THE GB, WHICH IS COLLECTED IN THE PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE MACHINE, IS CONDUCTED TO A STORAGE TANK AND, ULTIMATELY, IS NEUTRALIZED ... - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Ammunition Demolition Building-Tail Fin Storage & Assembly, 2750 feet South of Ninth Avenue; 3480 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  3. Device capable small arms ammunition for unmanned systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergeron, Noah P.; Sweeney, John W.; Wilson, Chester G.

    2010-04-01

    The design of current small arms ammunition requires the use of radial and lateral accelerations to permit the inclusion of current Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). Research at Louisiana Tech's Institute for Micromanufacturing into equipping small arms with MEMS technology has led to the development of a new type of small arms system. This ammunition is able to accelerate outside of its barrel, thereby decreasing the required acceleration for a specified maximum velocity. Additionally, the design of this ammunition eliminates the lateral accelerations typically required to stabilize current small arms ammunition, and permits the inclusion of non-metallic barrels and other components. A review of the current design and performance standards of this ammunition is presented, along with the current MEMS technology being tested for inclusion into this ammunition. A review of new armament systems, capabilities, and applications as a result of these advances is also presented.

  4. A Study of Slovenian Armed Forces Ammunition Forecasting Methodology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    purpose of this research is to investigate Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) ammunition forecasting methods and determine if the current planning method can...documents. The research shows that current planning methods do not support SAF ammunition forecasting for future operations. Guidance for future projects...of this research is to investigate Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) ammunition forecasting methods and determine if the current planning method can and

  5. Peacetime Industrial Preparedness for Wartime Ammunition Production

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-09-01

    Warriors: Case for Military- Industrial Complex. Los Angeles: Nash Publishing, 1970. Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald Von. Reflections on the World War. London...Army, 1953, pp. 525 & 528. Sherman, Richard U. War Production and the War. (n.p.), 1953. Smith , R. Elberton. The Army and Economic Mobilization

  6. Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition (Implementing Joint Conventional Ammunition Policies and Procedures)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    contained. Examples include the inside compartments of a laboratory glove box; a single room within a building ; an entire building or group of buildings ...military property) for production, maintenance, research, develop- ment, or test. Facilities include real property and rights therein, buildings ...secure buildings , areas, or vehicles housing sensitive items. 91. Logistics Support Phase. This begins with the introduction of ammunition components

  7. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND...

  8. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels,...

  9. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND...

  10. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND...

  11. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND...

  12. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels,...

  13. 27 CFR 478.33 - Stolen firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Stolen firearms and ammunition. 478.33 Section 478.33 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND...

  14. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Exports of firearms and ammunition. 123.17... FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms and ammunition. (a) Except as provided... export without a license of components and parts for Category I(a) firearms, except barrels,...

  15. 33 CFR 165.1703 - Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Ammunition Island, Port Valdez, Alaska. (a) Location. The waters within the following boundaries is a safety zone—the area within a radius of 1330 yards of Ammunition Island, centered on latitude 61°07′28″ N...) Special regulation. (1) Section 165.23 does not apply to paragraph (a) of this section, except when...

  16. Environmental Fate Studies on Certain Munition Wastewater Constituents. Part I. Model Validation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    Holston River emanating from the Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) near Kingsport , Tennessee . The basic... Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kingsport , Tennessee . Final Report, Contract DAN[D-17-75-C-5049, Water and Air Research, Inc., Gainesville, FL. Zepp, R...studies were conducted on the Holston River in the vicinity of Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAP) near Kingsport ,

  17. Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas: Fiscal Year 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    ARMY AMMUNITION AROCK ISLAND PLANT mARSENAL *PEORIA RANTOULO SCHANUTE AFB URBANA SPRINGFIELD *ALTON ST. LOUIS AREA SUPPORT CENTER 0SCOTT...NAVAL WEAPONS JEFFERSON PROVING SUPPORT CENTE~R GROUND CHARLESTOWN* INDIANA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT EVANSVILLE ZSTTCAIL d AARMY INSTALLATION •NAVY...BURLINGTON IOWA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT STATE CAPITAL AARMY INSTALLATION * NAVY INSTALLATION AF INSTALLATION Prepared By, Washington Headquarters

  18. Application of a Bimetallic Treatment System (BTS) for PCB Removal from Older Structures on DoD Facilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-05

    Florida; and (2) Badger Army Ammunition Plant , Wisconsin. Variables evaluated in the demonstration include the substrates on which the PCB...18  4.2  Badger Army Ammunition Plant ...24  5.2.2  Badger Army Ammunition Plant

  19. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor...

  20. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor...

  1. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor...

  2. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor...

  3. 27 CFR 478.148 - Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.148 Armor piercing ammunition intended for sporting or industrial purposes. The Director may exempt certain armor...

  4. Defense Logistics: Army Should Track Financial Benefits Realized from its Logistics Modernization Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-01

    improve the data in LMP, officials at Anniston Army Depot mapped out the entire end- to-end repair process for the M9 Armored Combat Earthmover, which...Lethality Command, Rock Island, Illinois • Tank-automotive and Armaments Command, Warren, Michigan Maintenance depots • Anniston Army Depot, Anniston ...Island, Illinois Ammunition sites • Anniston Defense Munitions Center, Anniston , Alabama • Letterkenny Munitions Center, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

  5. Cerulean Warbler Occurrence Atlas for Military Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    Army Ammuniton Plant (Closed) IN NO 2009 Army IOWA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT IA UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J. Percy Priest Lake TN UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE J...Stonewall Jackson Lake WV UNCERTAIN 2009 USACE Summersville Lake WV no POC Army Sunflower Army Ammunition Plant KS no POC USACE Sutton Lake WV UNCERTAIN

  6. A database system for characterization of munitions items in conventional ammunition demilitarization stockpiles

    SciTech Connect

    Chun, K.C.; Chiu, S.Y.; Ditmars, J.D.; Huber, C.C.; Nortunen, L.; Sabb, R.

    1994-05-01

    The MIDAS (Munition Items Disposition Action System) database system is an electronic data management system capable of storage and retrieval of information on the detailed structures and material compositions of munitions items designated for demilitarization. The types of such munitions range from bulk propellants and small arms to projectiles and cluster bombs. The database system is also capable of processing data on the quantities of inert, PEP (propellant, explosives and pyrotechnics) and packaging materials associated with munitions, components, or parts, and the quantities of chemical compounds associated with parts made of PEP materials. Development of the MIDAS database system has been undertaken by the US Army to support disposition of unwanted ammunition stockpiles. The inventory of such stockpiles currently includes several thousand items, which total tens of thousands of tons, and is still growing. Providing systematic procedures for disposing of all unwanted conventional munitions is the mission of the MIDAS Demilitarization Program. To carry out this mission, all munitions listed in the Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition inventory must be characterized, and alternatives for resource recovery and recycling and/or disposal of munitions in the demilitarization inventory must be identified.

  7. Energy engineering analysis program, Anniston Army Depot; Energy Survey of Industrial Facilities (Ind); executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    1988-11-01

    This report presents the results of the Army Industrial Facility Energy Survey of the Army Tank Rebuild Area at Anniston Army Depot (AAD). This project is being performed by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) under Contract No. DACA01-83-C-00099. The report includes an analyses of energy use within the industrial area, and supplies the identification and evaluation of energy conservation opportunities. The results obtained from the recommended projects indicate that the energy use of the manufacturing area could be reduced by 25 percent. Such savings assume that there will be no change in the level of production as well as no change in the production hours. Anniston Army Depot is commonly known as the Tank rebuild center of the free world and ranks among the largest US ammunition storage facilities. It is a part of the Army`s Depot System Command (DESCOM), which is a major subordinate command bf the US Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command (DARCOM).

  8. Army Sustainment. Volume 42, Issue 3. May-June 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    part of Fort Irwin that is often referred to as the “dust bowl,” which is now...Ordnance Company handle ammunition at Forward Operating Base Reno. 4 ARMY SUSTAINMENT vehicles. When a CSSB is part of an NTC rotation, it can...are part of Soldier, leader, staff, and collective tasks. Whenever possible, CSSBs should bring home-sta- tion units with them to NTC, and if none

  9. Evaluation of Alternative Particle Filtration Designs to Reduce RDX Losses in Dewatering Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) uses Holston River as their drinking water source – Center for...Executive Office for Ammunition (PEO Ammo)  Mr. Gregory O’Connor, Project Manager for Joint Services (PM JS)  Ms. Pam Wigle, Holston Army Ammunition ...Triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), Nitro Triazolene (NTO), and related formulations  U.S. Army Production Plant for Energetic Explosive Materials Holston

  10. Radiological assessment of cartridge 120-mm, APFSDS-T, XM829 ammunition

    SciTech Connect

    Hooker, C.D.; Hadlock, D.E.; Soldat, K.L.; Gilchrist, R.L.

    1983-12-01

    The components of the XM829 round effectively shield out nonpenetrating beta radiation emitted by the depleted uranium; however, photons cna penetrate the components of the round and are therefore the predominant emission. The radiation levels associated with the XM829 ammunition are low. The maximum emissions measured from a cartridge are not likely to result in exposure to military personnel above the maximum permissible nonoccupational dose limits listed in Army Regulation (AR) 40-14. Based upon the specifications contained in 49 CFR 173.424 and the radiation measurement data, the XM829 shipping package may be excepted from the specification packaging, marking and labeling requirements of subpart 49 CFR 173 as long as the outer surface of the uranium is enclosed in an inactive sheath and the conditions specified in 49 CFR 421 (b), (c), and (d) are met.

  11. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478...

  12. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478...

  13. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478...

  14. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478...

  15. 27 CFR 479.192 - Commerce in firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES..., machine guns, short-barreled shotguns, or short-barreled rifles, see 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, and Part 478...

  16. Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) concept evaluation study

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Babcock, S.M.; Watkin, D.C.; Oliver, R.P.

    1992-06-01

    The Field Artillery Ammunition Processing System (FAAPS) is an initiative to introduce a palletized load system (PLS) that is transportable with an automated ammunition processing and storage system for use on the battlefield. System proponents have targeted a 20% increase in the ammunition processing rate over the current operation while simultaneously reducing the total number of assigned field artillery battalion personnel by 30. The overall objective of the FAAPS Project is the development and demonstration of an improved process to accomplish these goals. The initial phase of the FAAPS Project and the subject of this study is the FAAPS concept evaluation. The concept evaluation consists of (1) identifying assumptions and requirements, (2) documenting the process flow, (3) identifying and evaluating technologies available to accomplish the necessary ammunition processing and storage operations, and (4) presenting alternative concepts with associated costs, processing rates, and manpower requirements for accomplishing the operation. This study provides insight into the achievability of the desired objectives.

  17. VIEW OF TWO READY AMMUNITION BOXES WITH TWO UNATTACHED STEEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF TWO READY AMMUNITION BOXES WITH TWO UNATTACHED STEEL DOORS - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  18. DETAIL OF A READY AMMUNITION BOX SHOWING THE INTERNAL SUPPORT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL OF A READY AMMUNITION BOX SHOWING THE INTERNAL SUPPORT BRACKETS - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  19. DETAIL OF THREE DOORS FOR READY AMMUNITION BOXES (IN FOREGROUND). ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL OF THREE DOORS FOR READY AMMUNITION BOXES (IN FOREGROUND). NOTE THE STEEL PLATES IN THE BACKGROUND - U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Ford Island 5-Inch Antiaircraft Battery, Battery Command Center, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

  20. 5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget Sound), Wash.' dated June 30, 1947. Buildings 103 and 104 are shaded and located left of center near top of map. HABS film is an 8x10' high-contrast negative made from original map in the collection of the Department of Public Works, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA. - Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Munitions Storage Bunker, Naval Ammunitions Depot, North of Campbell Trail, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  1. Evaluation of Various Organic Fertilizer Substrates and Hydraulic Retention Times for Enhancing Anaerobic Degradation of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater While Using Constructed Wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-01

    negative error due to competition with the complex for the reducing agent ascorbic acid. Samples high in iron can be pretreated with sodium bisulfite ...reducing agent ascorbic acid. Samples high in iron can be pretreated with sodium bisulfite to eliminate this interference. Treatment with bisulfite ... sodium bisulfite to eliminate this interference. Treatment with bisulfite will also remove the interference due to arsenates. j:\\users\\tsd\\ws\\methods

  2. Atlas/State Data Abstract for the United States, Fiscal Year 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    50 X Holston Army Ammunition Plant , TN........................... 46 X X Hood, Fort, TX...CENTER INDIANA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT ® TYPE ARMY NAVY AF AIR BASE HOSPITAL ® E) SHIPYARDS & INDUSTRIAL OTHER (140S.; TRAINING; ETC.) DEPOT & .SUPPLY...25,000) 39 MAP NO. 18 IOWA SIU CITY+ DES MOINES@ DAVENPORT ! IOWA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TYPE ARMY NAVY AF Alm BASE HOSPITAL El 0 25 0 5 100

  3. Cased Telescoped Ammunition Smart Seal Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    investigation of the suitability of smart materials for this application. One such smart material mentioned by the Army in the solicitation was Nitinol , a shape...cartridge were manufactured. A Nitinol sealing concept was developed that, based on theoretical evaluation, should provide excellent sealing performance. The

  4. DOD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-05

    Laboratory AGM Aboveground Magazine AGS Aboveground Structure/Site AGS (H) AGS, Heavy Wall AGS (H/R) AGS, Heavy Wall and Roof AGS (L) AGS, Light... ANFO Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil APZ Accident Potential Zone AR Army Regulation ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM...GD Pinacolyl Methylphosphonofluoridate (Nerve Agent) H Heavy Wall HA Holding Area

  5. Selection of Alternative Particle Filtration Designs to Reduce RDX Losses in Dewatering Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Army Production Plant for Energetic Explosive Materials Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) Description Energy, Environment...downstream of Holston Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) uses Holston River as their drinking water source – Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine...Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) • Mr. Gregory O’Connor, Project Manager for Joint Services (PM JS) • Mr. Michael Vestal, Holston Army

  6. Larger Units: Theater Army, Army Group, Field Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    LARGER UNITS: Theater Army, Army Group , Field Army St Fort LeawiivfoW, Kansas /A ’j>’" /\\(7 ’"VX <\\,» •«:-•$-(••’•.•->’-:-j Report...TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-1984 to 00-00-1984 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Larger Units: Theater Army, Army Group , Field Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...Bibliography No. 4 LARGER UNITS: THEATER ARMY—ARMY GROUP —FIELD ARMY by LTC Gary L. Bounds Combat Studies Institute U.S. Army Command and General Staff

  7. Fort McClellan, ammunition storage building 4404. Planar view of rear ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Fort McClellan, ammunition storage building 4404. Planar view of rear (west) side, view towards the east northeast without scale - Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Area, Building No. 4404, Second Avenue (Magazine Road), Anniston, Calhoun County, AL

  8. Reducing impacts from ammunitions: A comparative life-cycle assessment of four types of 9mm ammunitions.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Carlos; Ribeiro, José; Almada, Sara; Rotariu, Traian; Freire, Fausto

    2016-10-01

    Increase of environmental awareness of the population has pressured research activities in the defence area to cover environment and toxicity issues, where have been considered appropriate manners to reduce the environmental and toxicological impacts of ammunition. One of the adopted approaches to achieve such goal involves the replacement of lead and other heavy metals by alternative materials. However, the consequences of using alternative materials in ammunitions manufacturing are uncertain for the other life-cycle phases and trade-offs can occur. The present paper describes the potential benefits from the replacement of lead in the primer and in the projectile of a 9mm calibre ammunition. For that purpose, it is assessed and compared the environmental and toxicological impacts associated with the life-cycle of four ammunitions: combination of two types of projectiles (steel jacket and lead core; copper and nylon composite) with two types of primers (lead primer; non-lead primer). In addition, some potential improvements for the environmental performance of small calibre ammunition are also presented. To assess the impacts two Life-Cycle Impact Assessment methods are applied: CML for six environmental categories and USEtox to three toxicity categories. Results showed that the conclusion drawn for environmental and toxicological impact categories are distinct. In fact, ammunition production phase presents higher impacts for the environmental categories, whilst the operation phase has a higher impact to the toxicity categories. The substitution of lead in the primer and in the projectile provides a suitable alternative from a toxicology perspective; however, the composite projectile still presents some environmental concerns. The conclusions drawn are important for the procurement (and design) of environmental responsible ammunitions, in order to avoid (or decrease) the impacts for their manufacture and the effects on human health (e.g. shooters) and ecosystems

  9. Defense Logistics: Enhanced Policy and Procedures Needed to Improve Management of Sensitive Conventional Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-01

    Abbreviations AA &E Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives CAS Combat Ammunition System CIIC Controlled Inventory Item Code DOD Department of Defense DODI...DODM) 5100.76, Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives ( AA &E) (Apr. 17, 2012). 3SRC designation is based on the...Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives ( AA &E) sets forth DOD policy on the physical security of sensitive conventional AA &E. According to DODM

  10. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition....

  11. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition....

  12. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition....

  13. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. 252.223-7007 Section 252.223-7007 Federal Acquisition... conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives. As prescribed in 223.7203, use the following clause: Safeguarding Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives (SEP 1999) (a) Definition....

  14. 27 CFR 478.40a - Transfer and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... large capacity ammunition feeding devices. 478.40a Section 478.40a Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices. (a) Prohibition. No person shall transfer or possess a large capacity ammunition feeding device. (b) Exceptions. The provisions of paragraph...

  15. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture...

  16. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture...

  17. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture...

  18. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture...

  19. 27 CFR 478.37 - Manufacture, importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and sale of armor piercing ammunition. 478.37 Section 478.37 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms..., importation and sale of armor piercing ammunition. No person shall manufacture or import, and no manufacturer or importer shall sell or deliver, armor piercing ammunition, except: (a) The manufacture...

  20. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  1. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  2. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  3. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  4. 27 CFR 478.153 - Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices manufactured or imported for the purposes of testing... AMMUNITION Exemptions, Seizures, and Forfeitures § 478.153 Semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity... weapon, and § 478.40a with respect to large capacity ammunition feeding devices, shall not apply to...

  5. 27 CFR 478.40a - Transfer and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... large capacity ammunition feeding devices. 478.40a Section 478.40a Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and... and possession of large capacity ammunition feeding devices. (a) Prohibition. No person shall transfer or possess a large capacity ammunition feeding device. (b) Exceptions. The provisions of paragraph...

  6. Report of the M16 Rifle Review Panel. Volume 3, Appendix 2. Audit Trail and Analysis of M16A1 Weapon and Ammunition System Tests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-06-01

    c;ra~in~lOD. D. C. 20310 AUDIT TRAIL AND ANALYSIS OP M16Al WEAPON AND AHMUIUTION SYSTDt TESTS ., MPtVTO AmMTioM er DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...u ■MIED APPENDIX 2 AUDIT TRAIL AND ANALYSIS OF M16AI WEAPON AND AMMUNITION SYSTEM TESTS ( ■C TAB 6ll 1 June 1968 RtGRADED UNCUSSIFIEO T... Tests Table of Contents A. Introduction B. Analysis of the SAWS Study Tests The SAWS Engineering Test Results of the SAWS Engineering Tests

  7. Army Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    intelligent. BY MATT DECEMBER, TARDEC PUBLIC AFFAIRS 7 OWN THE WEATHER Army aviators fly in degraded visual environments with help from sensor...JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2015 Army researchers are going after solutions to help aircraft crews navigate in degraded visual environments, where weather ...DVE as a tactical advantage and to enable safe operations in all conditions, Dellert said. The team’s mantra is “Own the Weather ,” which aims to

  8. Yield, biomass, and uptake of crop plants irrigated with TNT and RDX contaminated water

    SciTech Connect

    Simini, M.; Checkai, R.T.

    1995-12-31

    Crops grown in site-collected soil were irrigated with water containing 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX) to simulate field conditions at Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant, Nebraska. Pots were watered in an environment-controlled greenhouse to field capacity throughout the life-cycle of the crop with 2, 20, and 100 ppb RDX; 2,100, and 800ppb TNT; 100ppb RDX + 800ppb TNT; or uncontaminated water. Yield and biomass of tomato fruit, bush bean fruit, corn stover, and soybean seeds were significantly (p = 0.05) less when irrigated with the RDX + TNT treatment compared to controls. Lettuce leaves and radish root yield and biomass were unaffected by treatment level. Soil loading of RDX and TNT in response to evapotranspiration was greatest for tomato, corn, soybean, bush bean, and least for radish and lettuce. Plant tissue contaminant concentrations will be presented and discussed.

  9. Alternative Processes for HMX Manufacture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: J. T. Rogers Kingsport , TN 37665 Weapon System Concept Team/CSL ATTN...indicated that future HMX production requirements could be met at the lowest cost and risk by Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HAAP) using the Bachmann...U.S. Army Armament Materiel Readiness Command ATTN: DRSAR-RDM, G. Cowan Rock Island, IL 61299 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant

  10. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells...

  11. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells...

  12. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells...

  13. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells...

  14. 27 CFR 70.443 - Firearms and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Firearms and ammunition. 70.443 Section 70.443 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Firearms, Shells...

  15. Nano characterization of gunshot residues from Brazilian ammunition.

    PubMed

    Melo, Lis G A; Martiny, Andrea; Pinto, André L

    2014-07-01

    Gunshot residues (GSR) from a total of nine different caliber ammunitions produced in Brazil were analyzed and characterized by transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). GSR particles are composed of spherical particles of several micrometers of diameter containing distinct amounts of lead, barium and antimony, along with other organic and inorganic elements arising from the primer, gunpowder, the gun and the bullet itself. This study was carried out to obtain additional information on the properties of GSR nanoparticles originated from different types of regular ammunition produced in Brazil by CBC. Besides the SEM, we have used a TEM, exploring its high magnification capability and ability to explore internal structure and chemical composition of submicron particles. We observed that CBC ammunition generated smaller particles than usually reported for other ammunitions and that the three component particles are not a majority. TEM analysis revealed that GSR are partially composed of sub-micron particles as well. The electron diffraction pattern from these particles confirmed them to be mainly composed of lead oxides crystalline nanoparticles that may be agglomerated into larger particles. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that most of them were composed of two elements, especially PbSb. Ba was not a common element found in the nanoparticles.

  16. Thermal indicating paints for ammunition health monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zunino, James L., III; Iqbal, Zafar

    2010-04-01

    Thermochromic semiconductive polymers that change color in response to external stimuli, such as heat and radiation, can be utilized to monitor the temperature range and elapsed time profiles of stored and prepositioned munitions. These polymers are being tailored to create paints and coatings that will alert Army logistic staff of dangerous temperature exposures. Irreversible indication via color change in multiple thermal bands, 145 F - 164 F (63o-73°C), 165 F - 184 F (74° - 84° C) and over 185 F (>85°C) are possible with these thermochromic polymers. The resulting active coating can be visually inspected to determine if safe temperatures were exceeded. More detailed information, including cumulative time of exposure in certain temperature bands through changes in optical chromaticity describing the vividness or dullness of a color, can be assessed using a hand-held optical densitometer.

  17. Tooele Army Depot-North Area Suspected Releases SWMUs. Phase 1 RFI report. Volume 1. Text

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    location of the continental storm track , most of the precipitation in the Tooele Valley occurs as snow between the months of October and May. Summers are...of railroad tracks . Stormwater from the Administration Area drains via an underground concrete piping system to a depression in a dry wash, where it...Shank (JMM) with Ammunition survelliance Chief, Milo Serreyn, Tooele Army Depot, Utah, October 1992. Siniscalchi, 1991. Telephone interview conducted

  18. 7. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1955 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). INTERIOR OF BUILDING 1611. 'THE M139 BOMBLETS ARE MANUALLY DOWNLOADED FROM THE WARHEAD SECTION ONTO THE CONVEYORS, EQUIPPED WITH FIXTURES TO POSITION THE BOMBLETS FOR THE SUBSEQUENT PUNCH, DRAIN AND RINSE OPERATIONS.' - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Ammunition Demolition Building-Tail Fin Storage & Assembly, 2750 feet South of Ninth Avenue; 3480 feet East of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  19. Army Pre-Positioned Stocks and High-Speed Sealift

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    5 One 2x1 Bde Set (Qatar) One 2x1 Bde Set (Kuwait) APS-3 One 2x2 Bde Set (Diago Garcia) One 1x1 Bde Set (Diago Garcia) APS-3 Saipan APS-1 CONUS...Army pre-positioned an additional one brigade set (second brigade set was a 1x1 brigade) and pre-positioned as part of APS-3 on two LARGE Medium Speed...a 1x1 brigade set in addition to port opening equipment, sustainment stocks and ammunition for a contingency corps of five and a third (5 1/3

  20. Two-dimensional direct-current resistivity survey to supplement borehole data in ground-water models of the former Blaine Naval Ammunition Depot, Hastings, Nebraska, September 2003

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kress, Wade H.; Ball, Lyndsay B.; Teeple, Andrew; Turco, Michael J.

    2006-01-01

    The former Blaine Naval Ammunition Depot located immediately southeast of Hastings, Nebraska, was an ammunition facility during World War II and the Korean Conflict. Waste-management practices during operation and decommissioning of the former Depot resulted in soil and ground-water contamination. Ground-water models have been used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to provide information on the fate and transport of contaminants on the former Depot site. During September 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District, conducted a pilot study to collect two-dimensional direct-current resistivity data on the site along six profiles near existing monitoring wells. The inversion results of field data from five of the six two-dimensional direct-current resistivity profiles display distinct electrical stratigraphy consistent with three resistivity units (low resistivity, high resistivity, and low resistivity). These three resistivity units correlate with rock-stratigraphic or hydrogeologic units described prior to this study. To interpret the resistivity profiles, additional data extending through the lower confining unit into the underlying Niobrara Formation could be used with the existing data to construct forward models for data analysis and interpretation.

  1. Crusader Automated Docking System: Technology support for the Crusader Resupply Team. Interim report, Ammunition Logistics Program

    SciTech Connect

    Kring, C.T.; Varma, V.K.; Jatko, W.B.

    1995-11-01

    The US Army and Team Crusader (United Defense, Lockheed Martin Armament Systems, etc.) are developing the next generation howitzer, the Crusader. The development program includes an advanced, self-propelled liquid propellant howitzer and a companion resupply vehicle. The resupply vehicle is intended to rendezvous with the howitzer near the battlefront and replenish ammunition, fuel, and other material. The Army has recommended that Crusader incorporate new and innovative technologies to improve performance and safety. One conceptual design proposes a robotic resupply boom on the resupply vehicle to upload supplies to the howitzer. The resupply boom would normally be retracted inside the resupply vehicle during transit. When the two vehicles are within range of the resupply boom, the boom would be extended to a receiving port on the howitzer. In order to reduce exposure to small arms fire or nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, the crew would remain inside the resupply vehicle during the resupply operation. The process of extending the boom and linking with the receiving port is called docking. A boom operator would be designated to maneuver the boom into contact with the receiving port using a mechanical joystick. The docking operation depends greatly upon the skill of the boom operator to manipulate the boom into docking position. Computer simulations at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration have shown that computer-assisted or autonomous docking can improve the ability of the operator to dock safely and quickly. This document describes the present status of the Crusader Autonomous Docking System (CADS) implemented at Oak Ridge National laboratory (ORNL). The purpose of the CADS project is to determine the feasibility and performance limitations of vision systems to satisfy the autonomous docking requirements for Crusader and conduct a demonstration under controlled conditions.

  2. A Mobilization Preparedness Primer for Water Management at Ammunition Plants.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-02

    production system and, incidentally, for the fire water system too. Raw water is rarely of much use because it can clog pumps, valves, pipes, etc. After you...if the wrong kind of water leaks into another system. Hazardous leaks are to the boiler or the fire water system. ,feat exchangers are particularly... fire water system with primary and emergency water sources. How long does i’- take to connect to the emergency water source? Storm Sewers-Inspect for

  3. DoD Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-08-01

    This storage is relatively close to the launch and static test stands; normally it is not involved directly in feeding the engine as in the case with... storage of military ammunition and explosives. Underground storage includes natural caverns and below grade, excavated chambers, but criteria of this...without a barricade. For cases where the blast must travel a large distance from the storage chamber to the portal, with several changes in direction along

  4. Lead in ammunition: a persistent threat to health and conservation.

    PubMed

    Johnson, C K; Kelly, T R; Rideout, B A

    2013-12-01

    Many scavenging bird populations have experienced abrupt declines across the globe, and intensive recovery activities have been necessary to sustain several species, including the critically endangered California condor (Gymnogyps californianus). Exposure to lead from lead-based ammunition is widespread in condors and lead toxicosis presents an immediate threat to condor recovery, accounting for the highest proportion of adult mortality. Lead contamination of carcasses across the landscape remains a serious threat to the health and sustainability of scavenging birds, and here we summarize recent evidence for exposure to lead-based ammunition and health implications across many species. California condors and other scavenging species are sensitive indicators of the occurrence of lead contaminated carcasses in the environment. Transdisciplinary science-based approaches have been critical to managing lead exposure in California condors and paving the way for use of non-lead ammunition in California. Similar transdisciplinary approaches are now needed to translate the science informing on this issue and establish education and outreach efforts that focus on concerns brought forth by key stakeholders.

  5. Application of powder metallurgy techniques for the development of non-toxic ammunition. Final CRADA report

    SciTech Connect

    Lowden, R.; Kelly, R.

    1997-05-30

    The purpose of the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and Delta Frangible Ammunition (DFA), was to identify and evaluate composite materials for the development of small arms ammunition. Currently available small arms ammunition utilizes lead as the major component of the projectile. The introduction of lead into the environment by these projectiles when they are expended is a rapidly increasing environmental problem. At certain levels, lead is a toxic metal to the environment and a continual health and safety concern for firearm users as well as those who must conduct lead recovery operations from the environment. DFA is a leading supplier of high-density mixtures, which will be used to replace lead-based ammunition in specific applications. Current non-lead ammunition has several limitations that prevent it from replacing lead-based ammunition in many applications (such as applications that require ballistics, weapon recoil, and weapon function identical to that of lead-based ammunition). The purpose of the CRADA was to perform the research and development to identify cost-effective materials to be used in small arms ammunition that eventually will be used in commercially viable, environmentally conscious, non-lead, frangible and/or non-frangible, ammunition.

  6. Army Robotics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-07

    Army Robotics 07 October 2009 Dr. Grant Gerhart, Senior Research Scientist Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A... Robots 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Grant Gerhart; Bernard Theisen 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...CBRNE • IED Defeat Systems • Disarm / Disrupt • Reconnaissance • Investigation • Explosive Sniffer • Common Robotic Kit • EOD • Convoy • Log

  7. DMSO Recrystallization of HMX and RDX

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-02-01

    HOLSTON ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT KINGSPORT , TN 37662 L. SILBERMAN H. RICCI R. GOLDSTEIN ARRADCOM a ELEECTE• •,%•.•.iF, 1981 •.. FEBRUARY 1981 US ARMY ARMAMENT... Holston Defense Corporation AREA I WORK UNIT NUMBERS Holston Aim), Ammunition Plant DARCOM MW Proj 57x4310 Kingsport , TN 37662 1,. CONTROLLING OFFICE...experiments during the pilot plant phase are located at Building C-6, Holston Army Ammunition

  8. Pilot-Scale Testing of a Fuel Oil-Explosives Cofiring Process for Recovering Energy from Waste Explosives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    produced by Holston , Radford, and Iowa Army Ammunition Plants each year. 5 2.1 Current Energetic Material Disposal Alternatives Waste or excess energetic...disposal method for PEP materials, it is an energy-intensive and expensive disposal option. Radford Army Ammunition Plant now operates two incinerators...R. Scala, Energy Recovery from Army Ammunition Plant Solid Waste by Pyrolysis, ARLCU-CR-78030, TRW Defense and Space Systems, Redondo Beach, CA

  9. Waste Vegetable Oil as a Fuel Extender.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-01

    Engr Dist, Charleston Facilities Engineer ATTN: Chief, Engr Div Holston Army Ammunition Plant P.O. Box 919 Kingsport, TN 37662 Charleston, SC 29402...Fort Hamilton, NY 11252 Parsons, KS 67357 Facilities Engineer Facilities Engineer Fort A P Hill Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant Bowling Green, VA 22427...Facilities Engineer Fort Knox Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant Fort Knox, KY 40121 Shreveport, LA 71130 Facilities Engineer Facilities Enginee’r Fort

  10. Effects of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1986 on Army Fixed Installation Water Treatment Plants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    Sulfoxide Pesticide Aldicarb Sulfone Pesticide Atrazine Herbicide, plant growth regulator, weed control Carbofuran Pesticide (corn rootworm and rice water ... weevil ) Chlordane Insecticide - legal only for termites Dibromochloropropane Pesticide, Nematocide. Fumigant ortho-Dichlorobenzene Solvent, Fumigant... Water Infrastructure to Meet SDWA of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratot y Effects of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of

  11. Engineer: The Professional Bulletin of Army Engineers. Volume 38, PB 5-08-3/4, July-December 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    included congratulations from keynote speaker General Benjamin Griffin, Commanding General, United States Army Materiel Command, and entertainment...Terram Ltd (<www.terram.com>). DefenCell sales information provided by J & S Franklin Ltd (<www.franklin.co.uk>). An ammunition supply point is...Point for two years. There- after, he had a wide-ranging career as an explorer, railroad and river engineer, and inventor . His duties at this time

  12. Health assessment for Anniston Army Depot, Bynum, Calhoun County, Alabama, Region 4. CERCLIS No. AL3210020027. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-04-29

    The Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) facility, which occupies 15,200 acres in northeast Alabama, was originally an ammunition storage depot. Contaminants of concern include trichloroethylene (TCE), cis- and trans-dichloroethylene, methylene chloride, metals, and phenol in groundwater. Based on the available information, the site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances.

  13. Small Arms Ammunition Production and Acquisition Strategy for the U.S. Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    Barium & Chemicals China Calcium Silicide Perkins Rouge Brazil Magnesium Oxide Matrixchem Mexico Calcium Resinate – Fused Barium & Chemicals USA...China/Europe/India Potassium Perchlorate Hummel Crouton China Strontium Nitrate Barium & Chemicals China Strontium Oxalate Barium & Chemicals USA...China/Europe/India Strontium Peroxide Hummel Crouton Mexico/USA Magnesium Aluminum Alloy Reade Mfg. USA Calcium Resinate – Peripiated Hummel

  14. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal protective gear.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal... REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal...) firearms, except barrels, cylinders, receivers (frames) or complete breech mechanisms when the total...

  15. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  16. Lead-free hunting rifle ammunition: product availability, price, effectiveness, and role in global wildlife conservation.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Vernon George

    2013-10-01

    Proposals to end the use of lead hunting ammunition because of the established risks of lead exposure to wildlife and humans are impeded by concerns about the availability, price, and effectiveness of substitutes. The product availability and retail prices of different calibers of lead-free bullets and center-fire rifle ammunition were assessed for ammunition sold in the USA and Europe. Lead-free bullets are made in 35 calibers and 51 rifle cartridge designations. Thirty-seven companies distribute internationally ammunition made with lead-free bullets. There is no major difference in the retail price of equivalent lead-free and lead-core ammunition for most popular calibers. Lead-free ammunition has set bench-mark standards for accuracy, lethality, and safety. Given the demonstrated wide product availability, comparable prices, and the effectiveness of high-quality lead-free ammunition, it is possible to phase out the use of lead hunting ammunition world-wide, based on progressive policy and enforceable legislation.

  17. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  18. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  19. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  20. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  1. 32 CFR 552.124 - Transportation of privately owned weapons and ammunition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Transportation of privately owned weapons and... owned weapons and ammunition. (a) Privately owned firearms and ammunition will be transported in the following manner: (1) Weapons, other than weapons being transported into Fort Lewis for the first time,...

  2. Use of Designed Experiments in the "Green Ammunition" Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-08-13

    Excellence HEAVY METALS Primer Compositions Lead Styphnate Barium Nitrate Antimony Sulfide Green Ammunition Target Materials HEAVY METALS Projectile Slug Lead... Barium Peroxide Lead Dioxide Barium Nitrate ODCs Methyl Chloroform ODCs Casemouth Sealant Methyl Chloroform Committed To Excellence Non-Toxic Ammunition

  3. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  4. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  5. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  6. 37 CFR 5.18 - Arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... implements of war. 5.18 Section 5.18 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK... implements of war. (a) The exportation of technical data relating to arms, ammunition, and implements of war... parts 120 through 130); the articles designated as arms, ammunitions, and implements of war...

  7. Army Personnel System Analyses

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1968-12-01

    Allen Mr. Mike Redgrave PAMSIM Applied Research, Inc. OPXAA LTC Delyle Redmond Army Aviation OPAR LTC William Rousse Aviator Assignment OPXAA LTC Billy...Rutherford Army Aviation OPEN MAJ Thomas Sands Army Aviation OPAT LTC John Schnibben Army Aviation OPIN LTC Daniel Sharp Officer Assignment- DATCOM

  8. Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

    2007-04-01

    In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

  9. Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions

    SciTech Connect

    Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

    2007-04-23

    In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

  10. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program.

    PubMed

    Chase, Loren; Rabe, Michael J

    2015-01-01

    Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost.

  11. Reducing Lead on the Landscape: Anticipating Hunter Behavior in Absence of a Free Nonlead Ammunition Program

    PubMed Central

    Chase, Loren; Rabe, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    Lead is a neurotoxin that has been documented to affect many forms of wildlife, and has been identified as a limiting factor in a population of California Condors in Northern Arizona. The Arizona Game and Fish Department provides vouchers for free nonlead ammunition to hunters selected to hunt within the distribution of California Condors, with the intention of having fewer lead-laden offal piles available to California Condors. Although wildlife agencies may reasonably assume voucher programs motivate hunters into choosing nonlead ammunition, the lead reduction efforts attributable to the voucher program has not been empirically quantified. Our intention was to compare a control group of hunters to a treatment group of hunters within California Condor occupied areas. Both groups received educational materials regarding the deleterious effects of lead, but the treatment group also received a voucher for a free initial box of ammunition. About half of the control group used nonlead ammunition, compared to about three-fourths of the treatment group. Prominent barriers to adoption of nonlead ammunition included a general difficulty of obtaining it, obtaining it in the desired caliber, and its costliness. Frequently mentioned motivations for using nonlead was the exhortation to use it by the Department, and the desire to aid California Condor recovery by hunters. The disparate compliance rates found herein confirm and quantify the success of nonlead ammunition voucher programs, but underscore the importance of working to increase the supply of nonlead ammunition with the end of facilitating its procurement and reducing its cost. PMID:26114878

  12. 10. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PROCESS FLOW SCHEMATIC, GAS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PROCESS FLOW SCHEMATIC, GAS PRODUCER PROCESS, BUILDING 10A.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Holston Defense Corporation. August 29, 1974. Delineator: G. A. Horne. Drawing # SK-1942. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  13. Army Posture Statement 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-14

    and overhead. We are now well underway in deploying the Lean Six Sigma methodology as a vehicle to seek continuous process improvement, eliminate...and morale. • Implemented Lean Six Sigma methodology within all Army Commands, Direct Reporting Units, Army Service Components of Joint Commands...between 2007 and 2013. • Implemented Lean Six Sigma methodology within all Army Commands, Direct Reporting Units, Army Service Components of Joint

  14. Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas, Fiscal Year 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    TENNESSEE BRISTOL HOLSTON KINGSPORT *CLARKSVILLE ARMY AMMO PLANT •~~~ HENDERSONVILLE 0R--KV"L DYER ,,KNOXVILLE GREEN VILLE AROLD...GROUND AC Tiviry CHARLESTOWN* INDIANA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT (8/93-C) EVANSVILLE NSTAT CAPITAL A ARMY INSTALLATION *NAVY INSTALLATION * AF INSTALLATION...BURLINGTON NCO’OVA ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Prepared By: Washingto n Headquarters Services Directorate for Information 46 Operations and Reports

  15. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  16. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  17. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  18. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  19. 48 CFR 252.223-7002 - Safety precautions for ammunition and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Ammunition; (iii) Rockets; (iv) Missiles; (v) Warheads; (vi) Devices; and (vii) Components of (i) through (vi... is using or incorporating these materials for initiation, propulsion, or detonation as an integral...

  20. Mobilization and Defense Management Technical Reports Series. The Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition. Another Look.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    for ammunition both in peacetime and during mobilization or war. There have been numerous reviews of the organization since its inception in 1975...ammunition system and that this could potentially impact seriously on the nation’s readiness posture and mobilization capability. Congruent with this, the... mobilization planning was required by a 1920 amendment to the ’National Defense Act, little planning was done until U.S. inuolvement in the war seemed

  1. 32 CFR 553.7 - Design and layout of Army national cemeteries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Design and layout of Army national cemeteries... RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES ARMY NATIONAL CEMETERIES § 553.7 Design and layout of Army national cemeteries. (a) General cemetery layout plans, landscape planting plans and gravesite layout plans for...

  2. Hydroacoustic detection of dumped ammunition in the Ocean with multibeam snippet backscatter analyses. A case study from the 'Kolberger Heide' ammunition dump site (Baltic Sea, Germany)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kunde, Tina; Schneider von Deimling, Jens

    2016-04-01

    Dumped ammunition in the sea is a matter of great concern in terms of safe navigation and environmental threads. Because corrosion of the dumped ammunition's hull is ongoing, future contamination of the ambient water by their toxic interior is likely to occur. The location of such dump sites is approximately known from historical research and ship log book analyses. Subsequent remote sensing of ammunition dumping sites (e.g. mines) on the seafloor is preferentially performed with hydro-acoustic methods such as high resolution towed side scan or by the sophisticated synthetic aperture sonar approach with autonomous underwater vehicles. However, these are time consuming and expensive procedures, while determining the precise position of individual mines remains a challenging task. To mitigate these shortcomings we suggest using ship-born high-frequency multibeam sonar in shallow water to address the task of mine detection and precise localization on the seabed. Multibeam sonar systems have improved their potential in regard to backscatter analyses significantly over the past years and nowadays present fast and accurate tools for shallow water surveying to (1) detect mines in multibeam snippet backscatter data (2) determine their precise location with high accuracy intertial navigation systems. A case study was performed at the prominent ammunition dumping site 'Kolberger Heide' (Baltic Sea, Germany) in the year 2014 using a modern hydro-acoustic multibeam echosounder system with 200-400 kHz (KONGSBERG EM2040c). With an average water depth of not even 20 m and the proximity to the shore line and dense waterways, this investigated area requires permanent navigational care. Previously, the study area was surveyed by the Navy with the very sophisticated HUGIN AUV equipped with a synthetic aperture sonar with best resolution by current technology. Following an evaluation of the collected data, various ammunition bodies on the sea floor could be clearly detected. Analyses

  3. 50. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, GENERAL ASSEMBLY, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    50. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, GENERAL ASSEMBLY, BUILDINGS I, J, L, & M - LINES 9 & 10.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant. March 13, 1967; revised November 15, 1967, January 3, 1968. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1009.454. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  4. 51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. Photograph of a line drawing. 'AREA B, ARRANGEMENT OF KETTLES AND DRIVE PLAN, BUILDINGS I, J, L, & M - LINES 9 & 10.' Holston Army Ammunition Plant. March 14, 1967; revised November 14, 1967, January 3, 1968. Delineator: Unknown. Drawing # 7651-1009.456. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  5. Army Programs: The Army Respiratory Protection Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    leak testing • 3–5, page 4 Maintenance and care of respirators • 3–6, page 4 Procedures for routine worksite inspections • 3–7, page 4 Air quality • 3–8...training provided the DA safety policy for training in smoke is observed. (b) When training and field operations require entrance into con- fined spaces...the Army Respiratory Protection Program as required by law and AR 385–10. 2–3. Commanders of major Army commands Commanders of major Army commands

  6. Modeling, simulation, and evaluation of HE ammunition for counter-RAM systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graswald, Markus; Rothe, Hendrik

    2008-04-01

    Military camps in out-of-area missions are permanently threatened by rockets, artillery projectiles, and mortar grenades (RAM) launched by terrorists. A good portion of these attacks are undertaken by mortars due to their specific advantages for the warfare of irregular forces and their worldwide distribution. The military installations can be protected by counter-RAM systems consisting of several artillery weapons, radar and electro-optical sensors, C2 and fire control computers. A system analysis has shown that the precision of the sensors is vital for defending the camp with low ammunition consumptions. Furthermore, the type of ammunition is also of great impact: 35 mm Ahead ammunition is hardly suited for this application due to its small hit density and low kinetic energy of the sub-projectiles, especially in the case of mortar grenades. Therefore, 155 mm high-explosive (HE) ammunition is investigated using experimentally determined fragment data. Russian mortar projectiles are considered as worst-case RAM targets and their ballistics are mathematically modeled by an air drag function that is also used for computing firing tables. Due to uncertainties of the target positions that are given by an elliptic cylinder for specific sensor parameters, simulations are conducted in order to determine the ammunition consumption. Penetration and detonation criteria for the terminal impact are also considered and the resulting thresholds are displayed in a 3D fragment map. The results show that HE ammunition is superior to low-caliber ammunition because of their high numbers of effective fragments reducing the number of rounds significantly from hundreds to less than ten.

  7. Measurement of exhaust emissions from diesel-powered forklifts during operations in ammunition-storage magazines. Final report, 23 July 1984-15 March 1985 on Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Ungers, L.J.

    1985-02-01

    Indoor air quality and worker exposures were monitored in Stradley and Igloo-type ammunition magazines during the use of diesel-powered forklifts. Test results indicate that the impact of diesel exhaust on breathing zone exposures and magazine air quality depends largely on the type of operation being performed and the type of magazine being used. Of the two operating scenarios investigated (i.e., loading/unloading and warehousing), warehousing presents the greater potential risk to the health and safety of Army personnel. Of the two magazines investigated, Igloo-type structures of the size encountered in this study are likely to contribute to a hazardous situation. Breathing zone exposures and magazine air quality data were compared with the OSHA permissible exposure levels and ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) threshold limit values. Under the operating conditions, ventilation, and temperatures experienced during the test, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, and carbon monoxide may pose a health risk to Army personnel in small structures similar in size and design to the Igloo-type magazines. A performance hierarchy can be suggested from the results of the air monitoring data. The Still-Deutz and Hyster-Isuzu vehicles appear to have out performed the Hyster-Perkins and Baker-Deutz forklifts. Under the conditions tested the Still-Deutz and Hyster-Isuzu did not exceed any of the OSHA permissible exposure limits for the exhaust components measured.

  8. Photocopy of photograph in Fitzsimons Army Medical Center real property ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph in Fitzsimons Army Medical Center real property book (green cloth cover), showing south and east sides. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Ice Plant, Southwest Corner of East I Avenue & North Thirteenth Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

  9. Results of a Study Investigating the Plant Uptake of Explosive Residues From Compost of Explosives-Contaminated Soil Obtained from the Umatilla Army Depot Activity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-11-01

    Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5401 POC: Mr. Wayne Sisk Prepared by J. J. Maddox, R. A. Almond , M. F. Broder J. J. Hoagland, D. A. Kelly, W...Compost of Explosives-Contaminated Soil Obtained from the Umatilla Army Depot Activity ___ 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) J. J. Maddox, R. A. Almond , M. F...NUMBER 3-1 Summary of Water (HPLC Purity) Samples Spiked Before Extraction 3-6 3-2 Summary of Leachate Samples Spiked Before Extraction 3-6 3-3

  10. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor...

  11. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor...

  12. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor...

  13. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor...

  14. 27 CFR 478.149 - Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Armor piercing ammunition... Armor piercing ammunition manufactured or imported for the purpose of testing or experimentation. The provisions of §§ 478.37 and 478.99(d) with respect to the manufacture or importation of armor...

  15. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal...

  16. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal...

  17. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal...

  18. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal...

  19. 27 CFR 478.132 - Dispositions of semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... semiautomatic assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for... assault weapons and large capacity ammunition feeding devices to law enforcement officers for official use... licensed dealers in semiautomatic assault weapons, as well as persons who manufacture, import, or deal...

  20. Army Energy Plan.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-08

    achievement will be measured against these goals. Total Army commitment to sound energy policies will reduce our vulnerability to limited external...and strategies ........... 3-2 3.1.2 DOD energy organization ......................... 3-4 3.2 ARMY GOALS, OBJECTIVES, AND POLICIES ...Objectives .............. . . . ........ . ... 3-9 3.2.4 Policies ..................................... 3-10 3.3 ORGANIZATION

  1. The Baltimore Youth Ammunition Initiative: A Model Application of Local Public Health Authority in Preventing Gun Violence

    PubMed Central

    Lewin, Nancy L.; Vernick, Jon S.; Beilenson, Peter L.; Mair, Julie S.; Lindamood, Melisa M.; Teret, Stephen P.; Webster, Daniel W.

    2005-01-01

    In 2002, the Baltimore City Health Department, in collaboration with the Baltimore Police Department and the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, launched the Youth Ammunition Initiative. The initiative addressed Baltimore’s problem of youth gun violence by targeting illegal firearm ammunition sales to the city’s young people. The initiative included undercover “sting” investigations of local businesses and issuance of health department violation and abatement notices. Intermediate results included the passage of 2 Baltimore city council ordinances regulating ammunition sales and reducing the number of outlets eligible to sell ammunition. Although it is too early to assess effects on violent crime, the intervention could theoretically reduce youth violence by interrupting one source of ammunition to youths. More important, the initiative can serve as a policy model for health commissioners seeking to become more active in gun violence prevention efforts. PMID:15855448

  2. Biological Treatment of Composition B Wastewaters. 1. Rotating Biological Contactor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    Hazardous Materials Agency ATTN: AMXTH-TE-D Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401 2 Commander Holston Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SMCHO-EN Kingsport ...NA pilot-scale rotating biological contactor (RBC) was used to treat wastewaters from explosives production at Holston Army Ammunition Plant . At...waters will be similar to those from Holston Army kimunition Plant (HSAAP), presently the sole domestic source of RDX and S...... Aithoiigh more than

  3. Analysis of Particulates in the Exhaust Plume of a TF30 Engine at Military Power.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-01

    DRX1ITH-TE.DI I Radford Army Ammunition Plant SARRA-Ei I Tooele Arm% D~epot. Chemical Systems Engineering (J. Bishop, .3 Air Force S~stems Command...Agency. Aberdeen Proving Ground (DRXTH-TE-D) I Radford Army Ammunition Plant (SARRA-EN) I Tooele Army Depot. Chemical Systems Engineering (J. Bishop...Laboratory, Tactical Technology Information Center. Columbm, OH I Holston Defense Corporation. Kingsport . TN ( Plant Manager) 2 Los Alamos National

  4. The Military Landscape: Why US Military Installations Are Located Where They Are

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-16

    Philippines), the United States had yet to meet a “modern” European power in battle. The traditional practice of marching forward until you could fire...recruits be- lieved necessary to engage large European armies. Realistic field training, especially in the use of modern equipment and weapons, was...Engine Plant 1940 Joliet, IL Army Ammunition Plant Detroit Arsenal Umatilla, OR Depot Radford, VA Army Ammunition Plant 1941 Badger

  5. Improving Army Operational Contract Support

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Dr. Richard M. Meinhart U.S. Army War...Austin Project Adviser Dr. Richard M. Meinhart U.S. Army War College Faculty Mentor This manuscript is submitted in partial...Improving Army Operational Contract Support by Colonel Daryl P. Harger United States Army United

  6. Index to Army Times 1991

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    1991; 51(26): p. 6. ARMY--REORGANIZATION Investigators chaLLenge cadre concept. Army Times; Sept. 30, 1991; 52(9): p. 6. ARROW (MISSILE)-- ISRAEL ...p. 10. NUTRITION--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Tickling palates with pizza, pouch bread. Army Times; Nov. 18, 1991; 52(16): p. 10. OBESITY Poor...Aviators awarded. Army Times; June 24, 1991; 51(48): p. 15. Honoring Patriot crews in Israel . Army Times; Apr. 1, 1991; 51(35): p. 17. House passes

  7. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  8. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  9. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  10. 22 CFR 123.17 - Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal protective gear.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Exports of firearms, ammunition, and personal... REGULATIONS LICENSES FOR THE EXPORT AND TEMPORARY IMPORT OF DEFENSE ARTICLES § 123.17 Exports of firearms... permit the export without a license of: (1) Parts and components for USML Category I(a) firearms,...

  11. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  12. 27 CFR 478.120 - Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Firearms or ammunition imported by or for a nonimmigrant alien. 478.120 Section 478.120 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND...

  13. Feasibility Study of 5.56 MM Folded Ammunition/Weapon System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-09-01

    DeflectLon at Nodes Located on I.D ............ .. 18 II. Comparison of Internal Diameter Deflections ........... ... 19 Ili. Hardness Readings of Heat...4 2. Ammunition/Weapon System Comparison ......... ............ 5 3. Conventional vs Folded Packing Volume... Comparisons ..... . 4. Ca rtr Ig Compnrtsnris ..l.s ....... ................... . .... List of Illustrations - Cont’d Figure Pae 5. Design Analysis

  14. 48 CFR 252.223-7007 - Safeguarding sensitive conventional arms, ammunition, and explosives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., ammunition, and explosives (AA&E),” as used in this clause, means those items within the scope (chapter 1.... (b) The requirements of DoD 5100.76-M apply to the following items of AA&E being developed, produced... the cognizant DSS field office of any subcontract involving AA&E within 10 days after award of...

  15. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 47 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import... implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification, (d)...

  16. 75 FR 58377 - Lead in Ammunition and Fishing Sinkers; Disposition of TSCA Section 21 Petition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... AGENCY Lead in Ammunition and Fishing Sinkers; Disposition of TSCA Section 21 Petition AGENCY... section 6(a) the manufacture, processing, and distribution in commerce of (1) lead bullets and shot; and (2) lead fishing sinkers. On August 27, 2010, EPA denied the first request due to a lack of...

  17. 9 mm ammunition used in a 40 caliber glock pistol: an atypical gunshot wound.

    PubMed

    Thogmartin, J R; Start, D A

    1998-05-01

    Atypical gunshot wounds due to ricochet and intermediate targets have been well described in the literature. We represent a case of suicide with an atypical entrance wound and bullet without rifling marks due to 9 mm ammunition being loaded and fired from a 40 caliber semiautomatic pistol.

  18. Historical Development Summary of Automatic Cannon Caliber Ammunition: 20-30 Millimeter

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    o, this report is specified on verso of front cover. " 0 19. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side If necessary and Identify by block numb, r...M53. F. Amor Piercing Projectiles The evolution of armor and armor piercing ammunition is a continuous see-saw. The improvement of one forces a

  19. An Analysis of the Navy Conventional Gun Ammunition Inventory Management System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-01

    are identified by Navy Ammunition Logistics Codes (NALCs) or Departaent of Defense •l- 4 Identification Coies (DODICs) and lot numbers , which...Logistics Codes) or aay have Buitiple production lot numbers within a single NALC, or any ccabination of the two. This information is neces- sary

  20. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  1. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  2. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  3. 27 CFR 70.444 - Importation of arms, ammunition, and implements of war.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., ammunition, and implements of war. 70.444 Section 70.444 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND... implements of war. Part 447 of title 27 CFR implements Executive Order 11958 and supplements the import..., and implements of war, (b) Import permit requirements, (c) Import certification and verification,...

  4. Army Equipment Modernization Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    transition , we must continue to provide the Nation with the best equipped, most modernized, and highly capable Army to prevail in any operational...interoperability. • Conducted the Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOTE) for WIN-T Inc 2 provid- ing an initial on-the-move capability to BCTs and...the Joint Air to Ground Missile (JAGM) which supports the transition of Army Hellfire missile to a joint missile system and replaces the Marine

  5. The Total Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    headquarters, but the acknowledged limitations reflect otherwise. This is even more concerning given “the Army strategy for global mission command of Army...above resembles a global security market , yet decisions are based on subjective estimates of risks, threats, and opportunities rather than objective...enthusiasm for new investments in blood and treasure. Yet the global security environment is one of growing complexity and danger, and the demand for an

  6. 2010 Army Modernization Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    details outlined in Chapter 4 will describe the following modernization objectives: With night vision goggles our Soldiers “own the night .” 10 2010 ARMY...modern armor-capable truck versus a non-armor capable truck? What percentage of our Night Vision Devices must be the most modern variant? The Army...Soldier weapons sight and sensors so they operate within the GSS framework. Systems such as the Digital Enhanced Night Vision Goggle could allow

  7. Assessing the Army Profession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Initial Planning Conference, 15 December 2010. 24. John Winthrop Hackett, The Profession of Arms (Officers’ Call), CMH Pub 70-18 (Washington D.C...unacceptable conditions. In 1986, General John Wickham wrote Values, the Bedrock of the Profession in an attempt to establish a moral touchstone for...Profession Following the methodology of former Army Chiefs of Staff when faced with times of change and turbulence, Secretary of the Army John M

  8. Army Sustainability Report 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    30 Army Campaign Plan for Health Promotion, Risk Reduction and Suicide Prevention...FY09, Camp Bullis created a 3,000-acre ACUB buffer, which complements the joint economic and nuisance measures of their JLUS with the City of San...under the Fact Sheets section of the ACUB website, aec.army. mil/usaec/acub. Including Camp Bullis , expansions at other buffers, and new buffers at

  9. Army Medical Robotics Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    Army Medical Robotics Research Gary Gilbert, Ph.D., U.S. Army TATRC, Ph: (301) 619-4043, Fax: (301) 619-2518 gilbert@tatrc.org, www.tatrc.org...politically sensitive low intensity combat in urban terrain. Research progress has been made in the areas of robotics ; artificial intelligence...institutions have demonstrated intelligent robots that execute functions ranging from performing mechanical repairs to playing soccer. The military has

  10. The Army Ethic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    14. ABSTRACT This thesis examined the CAPE Army Ethic. It uses a three-phased approach, first conducting a survey to determine perceptions of...Army Ethic. It uses a three-phased approach, first conducting a survey to determine perceptions of relevancy among CGSS officers. Second, it uses a...Professionals15 The proposed Ethic then discusses each one of those principles, adding depth and breadth to them in an attempt to show how those

  11. Index to Army Times 1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    services, role in drug war. Army Times; Jun. 13, 1988; 48(44): p. 10. Watch out below. Army Tir.:7; May 23, 1988; 48(41): p. 25. DRUGS AND EMPLOYMENT ...CIVIL SERVICE EMPLOYEES Most civilians working abroad may avoid AIDS tests. Army Times; Sep. 19, 1988; 49(6): p. 30. Plans to screen civilians for AIDS... EMPLOYMENT In the cockpit as a civilian. Army Times; Jul. 4, 1988; 48(47): p. 20. AKHRCMEYEV, SERGEI Army special agents guarding Soviet Chief. Army

  12. Army ants: an evolutionary bestseller?

    PubMed

    Berghoff, Stefanie M

    2003-09-02

    Army ants are characterized by a complex combination of behavioral and morphological traits. Molecular data now indicate that army ant behavior has a unique evolutionary origin and has been conserved for over more than 100 million years.

  13. Test Operations Procedure (TOP) 04-4-004A Natural Cold Weather Environment Test of Ammunition, Small Arms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-30

    smoke, muzzle flash, ice fog, and sound of the test ammunition when fired under natural cold environmental conditions. d. Manpack Mobility. The...barrels Barrels chambered for the specific test ammunition and ported for electronic or crusher type pressure gauges. b. Table 2 presents...a. When firing in temperatures below 29 ºC (-20 ºF), tracer observation may be obscured by the occurrence of ice fog from the muzzle blast. Ice fog

  14. Index to Army Times 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    32. ADVANCED FIELD ARTILLERY TACTICAL DATA SYSTEM (AFTADS) Artillery fire control system gets green light. Army Times; Oct. 9, 1989; 50(9): p. 37...COMMAND Special Operations to gain control of its own budget. Army Times; Feb. 20, 1989; 49(28): p. 27. Special operations units face funding crisis...VEHICLES--TESTING Armor breakthrough near. Army Times; July 3, 1989; 49(47): p. 25. I 17 ARMS CONTROL Soviets run into Hilt skepticism. Army Times; May 2

  15. Index to Army Times 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    CHAMPUS to revise health-care rules. Army Times; Mar. 26, 1990; 50(33): p. 9. CHAMPUS- - CHIROPRACTIC TREATMENT Chiropractic coverage tested. Army Times...FORCES--PANAMA--AMERICAN INVASION, 1989-1990 Women’s action investigated. Army Times; Feb. 5, 1990; 50(26): p. 10. WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES-- PREGNANCY ... Pregnancy a growing problem in early outs. Army Times; Sept. 3, 1990; 51(4): p. 10. WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES--RECRUITING, ENLISTMENT, ETC. No special

  16. Online Spatial Database of US Army Public Health Command Region-West Mosquito Surveillance Records: 1947-2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    Command Region-West (APHCR-W) area of responsibility, including US Army (9), Army Reserve (2), National Guard (2), US Navy (6) and one from the...to conduct occupational health surveys of Army operated industrial plants , arsenals, and depots. These surveys were aimed at identifying and...military fac il- ities, but this was not always the case. Other locations included National Parks, water and sewage treatment plants , roadside

  17. Aeroacoustic research: An Army perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morse, H. A.; Schmitz, F. H.

    1978-01-01

    A short perspective of the Army aeroacoustic research program is presented that emphasizes rotary wing, aerodynamically generated noise. Exciting breakthroughs in experimental techniques and facilities are reviewed which are helping build a detailed understanding of helicopter external noise. Army and joint Army/NASA supported research programs in acoustics which promise to reduce the noise of future helicopters without severe performance penalties are included.

  18. Factors Influencing Army Maintenance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    ARI Research Note 89-11 (N 00 Factors Influencing Army Maintenance LOloD Debra C. Evans and J. Thomas Roth Applied Science Associates, Inc. for...1.2.7 .2.7.C.1 11. TITLE (Include Security ClassifIcarIon) Factors Influencing Army Maintenance i2. FERSONAL AuTtiOR(S) Evans, Debra C., and Roth, J...y • ’ Factors and variables that influence maintenance for systems and related manpower, per- sonnel, and training (MPT) characteristics were

  19. A novel method for the photographic recovery of fingermark impressions from ammunition cases using digital imaging.

    PubMed

    Porter, Glenn; Ebeyan, Robert; Crumlish, Charles; Renshaw, Adrian

    2015-03-01

    The photographic preservation of fingermark impression evidence found on ammunition cases remains problematic due to the cylindrical shape of the deposition substrate preventing complete capture of the impression in a single image. A novel method was developed for the photographic recovery of fingermarks from curved surfaces using digital imaging. The process involves the digital construction of a complete impression image made from several different images captured from multiple camera perspectives. Fingermark impressions deposited onto 9-mm and 0.22-caliber brass cartridge cases and a plastic 12-gauge shotgun shell were tested using various image parameters, including digital stitching method, number of images per 360° rotation of shell, image cropping, and overlap. The results suggest that this method may be successfully used to recover fingermark impression evidence from the surfaces of ammunition cases or other similar cylindrical surfaces.

  20. The transition to non-lead rifle ammunition in Denmark: National obligations and policy considerations.

    PubMed

    Kanstrup, Niels; Thomas, Vernon G; Krone, Oliver; Gremse, Carl

    2016-09-01

    The issue of Denmark regulating use of lead-free rifle ammunition because of potential risks of lead exposure in wildlife and humans was examined from a scientific and objective policy perspective. The consequences of adopting or rejecting such regulation were identified. Denmark is obliged to examine this topic because of its national policy on lead reduction, its being a Party to the UN Bonn Convention on Migratory Species, and its role in protecting White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla), a species prone to lead poisoning from lead ingestion. Lead-free bullets suited for deer hunting are available at comparable cost to lead bullets, and have been demonstrated to be as effective. National adoption of lead-free bullets would complete the Danish transition to lead-free ammunition use. It would reduce the risk of lead exposure to scavenging wildlife, and humans who might eat lead-contaminated wild game meat. Opposition from hunting organizations would be expected.

  1. Effects of TNT leakage from dumped ammunition on fish and invertebrates in static brackish water systems.

    PubMed

    Ek, Helene; Nilsson, Eva; Dave, Göran

    2008-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to study the release and effect of TNT from dumped ammunition. Cleaved artillery shells were placed in static brackish water systems for 5 months, and another 12 months with 5 cm sediment burial. The toxicity was determined in bioassays with crustaceans (Nitocra spinipes and Hyalella azteca) and/or European flounder (Platichtys flesus). The water phase was analysed for TNT using colorimetric method and GC-MS. This study showed a rapid release of TNT to acutely toxic concentrations when the cleaved ammuniton was not covered with sediment under static conditions, but that the release was effectively inhibited by sediment burial of the artillery shells. Hence, at least in a short-term perspective, acute adverse effects of sediment-buried ammunition on aquatic organisms should be greatly reduced.

  2. Chimpanzees prey on army ants at Seringbara, Nimba Mountains, Guinea: predation patterns and tool use characteristics.

    PubMed

    Koops, Kathelijne; Schöning, Caspar; McGrew, William C; Matsuzawa, Tetsuro

    2015-03-01

    Chimpanzees are renowned for their use of foraging tools in harvesting social insects and some populations use tools to prey on aggressive army ants (Dorylus spp.). Tool use in army ant predation varies across chimpanzee study sites with differences in tool length, harvesting technique, and army ant species targeted. However, surprisingly little is known about the detailed ecology of army ant predation. We studied army ant predation by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at the Seringbara study site in the Nimba Mountains, Guinea (West Africa), over 10 years (2003-2013). We investigated chimpanzee selectivity with regards to army ant prey species. We assessed the temporal variation in army ant-feeding and examined whether army ant predation was related to rainfall or ripe fruit availability. Moreover, we examined whether chimpanzees showed selectivity regarding plant species used for tool manufacture, as well as the relationship between tool species preference and tool collection distance. Lastly, we measured tool properties and investigated the use of tool sets and composite tools in army ant predation. Seringbara chimpanzees preyed on one army ant species (D. nigricans) more often than expected based on encounter rates, which may be explained by the overlap in altitudinal distribution between chimpanzees and D. nigricans. Army ant predation was not related to rainfall or fruit availability. Chimpanzees were selective in their choice of tool materials and collected their preferred tool species (Alchornea hirtella) from greater distances than they did other species. Lastly, Seringbara chimpanzees used both tool sets and composite tools (tree perch) in army ant predation. Tool types (dig vs. dip) differed in width and strength, but not length. Tool composites were found at 40% of ant-feeding sites. Our study sheds new light on the ecology of army ant predation and provides novel insights into chimpanzee selection of army ant prey and tool species.

  3. Relational Database Design of a Shipboard Ammunition Inventory, Requisitioning, and Reporting System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    ammunition has neither lot numbers nor serial numbers. These different views of the problem require different objects. In addition, we need to capture...or lot numbers . Appendix E de- scribes the adding (posting), editing, and deleting of TRANSACTION instances. (4) Read and Write LO7 SERIAL, and...or lot numbers . (5) Read and Write REQUISITION and REQN LINE ITEAf Objects. Armunition requisitions are created, updated, and displayed using the form

  4. Bioaccessibility of Pb from Ammunition in Game Meat Is Affected by Cooking Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Mateo, Rafael; Baos, Ana R.; Vidal, Dolors; Camarero, Pablo R.; Martinez-Haro, Monica; Taggart, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Background The presence of lead (Pb) ammunition residues in game meat has been widely documented, yet little information exists regarding the bioaccessibility of this Pb contamination. We study how cooking treatment (recipe) can affect Pb bioaccessibility in meat of animals hunted with Pb ammunition. Methodology/Principal Findings We used an in vitro gastrointestinal simulation to study bioaccessibility. The simulation was applied to meat from red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) hunted with Pb shot pellets and cooked using various traditional Spanish game recipes involving wine or vinegar. Total Pb concentrations in the meat were higher in samples with visible Pb ammunition by X-ray (mean±SE: 3.29±1.12 µg/g w.w.) than in samples without this evidence (1.28±0.61 µg/g). The percentage of Pb that was bioaccessible within the simulated intestine phase was far higher in meat cooked with vinegar (6.75%) and wine (4.51%) than in uncooked meat (0.7%). Risk assessment simulations using our results transformed to bioavailability and the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic model (IEUBK; US EPA) show that the use of wine instead of vinegar in cooking recipes may reduce the percentage of children that would be expected to have >10 µg/dl of Pb in blood from 2.08% to 0.26% when game meat represents 50% of the meat in diet. Conclusions/Significance Lead from ammunition in game meat is more bioaccessible after cooking, especially when using highly acidic recipes. These results are important because existing theoretical models regarding Pb uptake and subsequent risk in humans should take such factors into account. PMID:21264290

  5. Index to Army Times 1992.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    ACUTE CARE SUPPORT FACILITIES Gift of homes helps patients, families. Army Times; Oct. 12, 1992; 53(11): p. 28. ADDS SEE ARMY DATA DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM...reinstated. Army Times; May 11, 1992; 52(41): p. 23. Wanted: A baby (Life in the Times). Army Times; Nov. 23, 1992; 53(17): p. 45. 3 ADOPTION AND...Times; Aug. 17, 1992; 53(3): p. 24. AUSTRALIAN EXERCISE KANGAROO 92 (MANEUVgRS) Exercise K92: Show the flag in the outback. Army Times; Nov. 2, 1992; 53

  6. Characterisation of gunshot residue from three ammunition types using suppressed anion exchange chromatography.

    PubMed

    Gilchrist, Elizabeth; Jongekrijg, Fleur; Harvey, Laura; Smith, Norman; Barron, Leon

    2012-09-10

    Gunshot residue (GSR) is commonly analysed in forensic casework using either scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Relatively little work has been reported on the post-discharge GSR content of non-metallic inorganic or low molecular weight organic anions to distinguish between different ammunition types. The development of an analytical method using suppressed micro-bore anion exchange chromatography (IC) is presented for the analysis of GSR. A hydroxide gradient was optimised for the separation of 19 forensically relevant organic and inorganic anions in <23min and sensitivities of the order of 0.12-3.52ng of anion detected for all species were achieved. Along with an optimised extraction procedure, this method was applied to the analysis of post-ignition residues from three selected ammunition types. By profiling and comparing the anionic content in each ammunition residue, the possibility to distinguish between each type using their anionic profiles and absolute weight is presented. The potential for interference is also discussed with respect to sample types which are typically problematic in the analysis of GSR using SEM-EDX and GC-MS. To the best of our knowledge this represents the first study on the analysis of inorganic anions in GSR using suppressed ion chromatography.

  7. A Miniaturized Magnetic Induction Sensor Using Geomagnetism for Turn Count of Small-Caliber Ammunition

    PubMed Central

    Yoon, Sang-Hee; Lee, Seok-Woo; Lee, Young-Ho; Oh, Jong-Soo

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a miniaturized magnetic induction sensor (MMIS), where geomagnetism and high rpm rotation of ammunition are used to detect the turn number of the ammunition for applications to small-caliber turn-counting fuzes. The MMIS, composed of cores and a coil, has a robust structure without moving parts to increase the shock survivability in a gunfire environment of ∼30,000 g's. The MMIS is designed and fabricated on the basis of the simulation results of an electromagnetic analysis tool, Maxwell® 3D. In the experimental study, static MMIS test using a solenoid-coil apparatus and dynamic MMIS test (firing test) have been made. The present MMIS has shown that an induction voltage of 6.5 mVp-p is generated at a magnetic flux density of 0.05 mT and a rotational velocity of 30,000 rpm. From the measured signal, MMIS has shown a signal-to-noise ratio of 44.0 dB, a nonlinearity of 0.59%, a frequency-normalized sensitivity of 0.256±0.010 V/T·Hz and a drift of 0.27% in the temperature range of -30∼+43°C. Firing test has shown that the MMIS can be used as a turn-counting sensor for small-caliber ammunition, verifying the shock survivability of the MMIS in a high-g environment.

  8. Terminal ballistic characteristics of Hydra-Shok ammunition: a description of three cases.

    PubMed

    Sperry, K; Sweeney, E S

    1988-01-01

    The Hydra-Shok bullet is characterized by a hollow-point construction, with a distinctive central post in the base of the hollow. These features allow such missiles to be easily identified during the course of an autopsy examination of a gunshot victim. Higher velocity loadings of the Hydra-Shok may fragment along the wound path, occasionally forming a ring-like fragment that suggests this ammunition, but this feature cannot be considered unique. Although radiographic examination is helpful in bullet localization, the characteristic central post may be identified by X-ray only if sufficient expansion results in its exposure. Three cases of shooting deaths involving Hydra-Shok bullets are presented and discussed; in each case, the entrance wounds were indistinguishable from entrances associated with conventional ammunition, and in no instance did the missiles exit from the body (including head, chest, and abdominal wounds). Familiarity with relatively unusual ammunition types such as the Hydra-Shok allows for quick identification by the pathologist at the time of autopsy.

  9. The Army Budget. FY 1992/1993 Amended President’s Budget. Rapidly Deployable and Reinforcing Strategic Deterrence Forward Presence Reconstitution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    Weapon System-Medium JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff JP-4/JP- 5 Jet Fuel JP-8 Turbine Fuel, aviation and ground vehicles JRTC Joint Readiness Training Center LOG...6% 30% 48% 8/ 4% WEAPON & TRACKED COMBAT VEHICLES 2% 42% 37% 11% 5 % AMMUNITION 41% 6% 40% -12% 20% OTHER PROCUREMENT, ARMY 10% 33% 28% 17% 7...AND OTHER COMBAT VEHICLES 0 RRWITZE% LT TOWED 105MM, M119 42 26.8 86 36.4 87 47.8 IA HINE UN 5 56MM ( SAW) 5930 11.4 2316 5.8 4416 9.8 GRENADE LAUNCHER

  10. Army Strong, Superintendent Savvy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellon, Ericka

    2011-01-01

    Brigadier General Anthony "Tony" Tata of the U.S. Army had one of those "ah-ha" moments in April 2006 when, on the eve of an operation he was heading in Afghanistan, an Al Qaeda rocket shattered a nearby school. The attack killed a teacher and seven students and wounded dozens more. The rocket incident eventually nudged Tata…

  11. Army Leader Transitions Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Initiate Organizational Communication (STRATCOM) Plan Step 3: Build and Sustain Knowledge Management Systems Step 4: Build Coalitions Internally and...Externally Step 5: Eliminate Needless Constraints PHASE VI: SUSTAINING (D+91+) Step 1: Manage Organizational Systems and Operations Step 2...field manuals and Army regulations and system -oriented technical manuals. Review Organizational Results Conduct a review of results oriented

  12. Impact of the California lead ammunition ban on reducing lead exposure in golden eagles and turkey vultures.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Terra R; Bloom, Peter H; Torres, Steve G; Hernandez, Yvette Z; Poppenga, Robert H; Boyce, Walter M; Johnson, Christine K

    2011-04-06

    Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites.

  13. Impact of the California Lead Ammunition Ban on Reducing Lead Exposure in Golden Eagles and Turkey Vultures

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Terra R.; Bloom, Peter H.; Torres, Steve G.; Hernandez, Yvette Z.; Poppenga, Robert H.; Boyce, Walter M.; Johnson, Christine K.

    2011-01-01

    Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites. PMID:21494329

  14. Distribution and mobility of lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and antimony (Sb) from ammunition residues on shooting ranges for small arms located on mires.

    PubMed

    Mariussen, Espen; Johnsen, Ida Vaa; Strømseng, Arnljot Einride

    2017-03-06

    An environmental survey was performed on shooting ranges for small arms located on minerotrophic mires. The highest mean concentrations of Pb (13 g/kg), Cu (5.2 g/kg), Zn (1.1 g/kg), and Sb (0.83 g/kg) in the top soil were from a range located on a poor minerotrophic and acidic mire. This range had also the highest concentrations of Pb, Cu, Zn, and Sb in discharge water (0.18 mg/L Pb, 0.42 mg/L Cu, 0.63 mg/L Zn, and 65 μg/L Sb) and subsurface soil water (2.5 mg/L Pb, 0.9 mg/L Cu, 1.6 mg/L Zn, and 0.15 mg/L Sb). No clear differences in the discharge of ammunition residues between the mires were observed based on the characteristics of the mires. In surface water with high pH (pH ~7), there was a trend with high concentrations of Sb and lower relative concentrations of Cu and Pb. The relatively low concentrations of ammunition residues both in the soil and soil water, 20 cm below the top soil, indicates limited vertical migration in the soil. Channels in the mires, made by plant roots or soil layer of less decomposed materials, may increase the rate of transport of contaminated surface water into deeper soil layers and ground water. A large portion of both Cu and Sb were associated to the oxidizable components in the peat, which may imply that these elements form inner-sphere complexes with organic matter. The largest portion of Pb and Zn were associated with the exchangeable and pH-sensitive components in the peat, which may imply that these elements form outer-sphere complexes with the peat.

  15. Army Power and Energy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    2011 GreenGov Symposium Oct. 31 ‐ Nov. 2, 2011 Washington Hilton  Washington, DC Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy...Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy Portfolio November 1, 2011 Army Energy in... Clean   Energy  – Session 5 Increasing the DoD Renewable Energy Portfolio November 1, 2011 3 Army Energy Consumption, 2010 Facilities Vehicles

  16. Achieving Efficiencies in Army Installations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    34" ’■■"■" 1 USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT Achieving Efficiencies in Army Installations by Richard Fliss Col. Richard M. Meinhart Project...government agency. STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT ACHIEVING EFFICIENCIES IN ARMY INSTALLATIONS BY RICHARD FLISS DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved...for public release. Distribution is unlimited. DTIC QUALITY INSPECTED & USAWC CLASS OF 1998 U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE, CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA 17013-5050

  17. Army Families and Soldier Readiness.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    self-sufficiency while they are away on deployments. According to the measures in this study, Army personnel have a high level of individual...could improve soldiers’ levels of emotional well-being and yield potentially high payoffs by reducing needs for other ser- vices. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We...military member • Commitment to the ArmyArmy career intention • Adequacy of child care during deployment These seven dimensions of individual

  18. Index to Army Times, 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-02-01

    10. DEPMEDS ff& DEPLOYABLE MEDICAL SYSTEM (DEPMEDS) S DESERT TORTOISE --NATIONAL TRAINING CENTER (NTC), FORT IRM.N, CA Tortoise vs. tank: No contest...Times; Sep. 13, 1993; 54(7): p. 8. Rangers in Somalia: Anatomy of a firefight (After-Action Review). Army Times; Nov. 15, 1993; 54(16): p. 14...TELEPHONE SERVICE International toLl-free numbers mushroom. Army Times; Oct. 11, 1993; 54(11): p. 18. TORTOISE SEE DESERT TORTOISE TOTAL ARMY

  19. Army Public Service Advertising.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    34 Marketing and Media Decisions, January 1982, p. 63. 6U.S., General Accounting Office, " Advertising for Military Recruiting," p. 10. 7Dean L. Yarwood...talent and necessary training, they said. 4 8 An article in Marketing and Media Decisions 4 9 offered a brief synopsis of military recruitment advertising ...support, public relations, marketing research, and analysis. The N. W. Ayer field representative’s Army counterpart is the Advertising and Sales

  20. Army Physical Readiness Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    Soldiers to meet the changing physical demands that are placed upon them without undue fatigue or risk of injury is woven into the fabric of the PRT...tasks and within large- scale training event METL tasks.  They habitually train at least two echelons simultaneously on selected METL tasks and require...Chapter 6, Special Conditioning Programs, provides more information on reconditioning. PREGNANCY AND POSTPARTUM TRAINING 4-18. The US Army

  1. Army Strategic Energy Goals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-09

    3 Cells Modules Packs UNCLASSIFIED TARDEC’s End-to-End Energy Business: From Generation to Application 4UNCLASSIFIED Smart-Charging Micro-Grid...Installation of microgrid at Schofield Barracks, tied to critical infrastructure • Photovolatic array • Dedicated electric vehicle charging • Grid...Installation Forward Base / Camp Vehicle Battery-Fuel Cell Hybrid Battery-Battery Hybrid Soldier Soldier Army Advanced Energy Initiative: Concept for

  2. Returning to Army Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-15

    Matthews and Dale E. Brown (Washington, DC: Pergamon- Brassey ‟ s , 1989), 3. 36 Ibid. 37 Ibid. 22 38 Ibid., 8. 39 Mary Blake French, ed., “Do We Need... S ) Colonel John M. Riley 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND...MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM( S ) U.S. Army War College 122 Forbes Avenue 122 Forbes Avenue

  3. Army Aviation Simulation Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-07-01

    Air-Vehicle Concept Evaluation Performance Specification * Product Engineering and Development I • Air-Vehicle Testing and Certification * Aircrew...specification development 12. Helicopter stability for NOE 13. Tiltrotor certification 14. Terrain following/terrain avoidance 15. Wide angle sensor...CAPABILITY/FUNCTIONALITY R & D COST CONSIDERATIONS Speed in Low Unit Low Total HighDevetl. m’t CostA ielt E. Army Research Lab Node 5 2 3 3 F. Realistic

  4. Army Efficiency Initiatives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-28

    Service College Fellows. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy...this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army...products, a large scale company managed to obtain significant results. Total cycle time was reduced by 60%; inventory was cut 43% from $6.3 million to

  5. The Army Lawyer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-01

    Fired at Fleeing Cars, Soldiers Say, WASH. POST, Oct. 12, 2007, at A1 (quoting Major General (MG) Joseph Fil , Commander of 1st Cavalry Division, as...saying, “It’s yet another challenge, another setback.”). 32 See generally id. (quoting MG Joseph Fil as saying in reference to the incidents of PSC...Prosecutors Research Institute 99 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 510 Alexandria, VA 22313 (703) 549-9222 JULY 2008 • THE ARMY LAWYER

  6. The Army Lawyer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    81 Overall, the new 68 Id. CBS reporter Bob Simon and several camera crew members were captured...and combat camera . Id. The related capabilities of PA, civil-military operations (CMO), and defense support to public diplomacy must always be...JULY 2009 • THE ARMY LAWYER • DA PAM 27-50-434 25 affairs are the most logical IO capabilities where a war correspondent’s skill set can be used by

  7. The Army Study Program.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-31

    LEADERSHIP A Total Army whose leadters at all levels possess the highest ethical and professional standards committed ito mission accomplishment and the...wWIIOW WWW"I w Li- w0w iWWW WI 0 do-ccw Upt I.-0 U3 *4..00 =- 0 0 M ) Mc c VU K 0-c gmo g a0-2222we -22222 -2222w 22222W a422 .32 1-00000 ~ ~ ~ ~ 3 0-0 0 S

  8. Revolutionizing Army Leader Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    historical perspective . While it is relatively common knowledge that education and the military profession have been inherently intertwined since the...17013-5050 USAWC CLASS OF 2011 The U.S. Army War College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle State Association of...Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional accrediting

  9. The American Armies: 1993

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    implications of these changes for national sovereignty, identity, and security. Additionally, the study considers how proposed military reductions will...funded research and development center (FFRDC) for studies and analysis operated by RAND. The Arroyo Center provides the Army with objective, independent...chaired by the Vice Chief of Staff and by the Assistant Secretary for Research, Development, and Acquisition. Arroyo Center work is performed under

  10. Integration of Female Army Apprentices,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    ARMY TRAINING, *APPRENTICESHIP, * FEMALES , MILITARY TRAINING, MALES, AUSTRALIA, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), ROLES(BEHAVIOR), ASSIMILATION, SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE, COMMERCE, INSTRUCTORS, WORK

  11. Army Occupational Health Program, 1978.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    AD A072 913 ARMY ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE AGENCY ABERDEEN PROVING SR—ETC Fit 6/5 ARMY OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PROGRAM, 1978.CU) UNCLASSIFIED 1978 C A CROC...irC ~ ~~5 ~ ¶5 “u UNITE D STATES ARMY ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE AGENCY U ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MO 21010 ARMY OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PROGRAM...M.D. COL , MC Di rector, Occupati onal and Environmental Health _ _ _/ Acccs3ion For NTL, ~~ i&1 Un~~~~~~ ced J~~.t~.C1 c~ t io n___________ — J A

  12. 5. Building E9; view of top of wash tank showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Building E-9; view of top of wash tank showing agitator and RDX line entering tank; third floor, looking NW. (Harms and Ryan) - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  13. SUPERFUND TREATABILITY CLEARINGHOUSE: COMPOSITING EXPLOSIVES/ORGANICS CONTAMINATED SOILS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Laboratory scale and pilot scale studies were conducted to evaluate composting to treat sediments and soils containing explosive and organic compounds. Sediment and soil from lagoons at Army ammunition plants, located in Louisiana, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania contained high...

  14. 13. Building H9; view of stainless steel probes and vacuum ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Building H-9; view of stainless steel probes and vacuum line, looking W. (Ryan and Harms) - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  15. 40 CFR 52.825 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (explosive contaminated waste burning) Middletown, Iowa 400—4.2(1) June 14, 1979 Feb. 28, 1982 Feb. 1982. Progressive Foundry, Inc., cupola and casting shakeout area Perry...

  16. 40 CFR 52.825 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (explosive contaminated waste burning) Middletown, Iowa 400—4.2(1) June 14, 1979 Feb. 28, 1982 Feb. 1982. Progressive Foundry, Inc., cupola and casting shakeout area Perry...

  17. 7. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART III, SECTION 1, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART III, SECTION 1, EQUIPMENT LAYOUT, BUILDING NO. 10, PRODUCER GAS & EXHAUSTER BLDG., PLANT A.' From U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Industrial Facilities Inventory, Holston Ordnance Works, Kingsport, Tennessee. Plant A, Parts I, II, III. (Nashville, TN: Office of District Engineer, 1944). - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, Producer Gas Plant, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  18. The identification of lead ammunition as a source of lead exposure in First Nations: the use of lead isotope ratios.

    PubMed

    Tsuji, Leonard J S; Wainman, Bruce C; Martin, Ian D; Sutherland, Celine; Weber, Jean-Philippe; Dumas, Pierre; Nieboer, Evert

    2008-04-15

    The use of lead shotshell to hunt water birds has been associated with lead-contamination in game meat. However, evidence illustrating that lead shotshell is a source of lead exposure in subsistence hunting groups cannot be deemed definitive. This study seeks to determine whether lead shotshell constitutes a source of lead exposure using lead isotope ratios. We examined stable lead isotope ratios for lichens, lead shotshell and bullets, and blood from residents of Fort Albany and Kashechewan First Nations, and the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and regression analyses. ANOVA of isotope ratios for blood revealed significant differences with respect to location, but not sex. Hamilton differed from both Kashechewan and Fort Albany; however, the First Nations did not differ from each other. ANOVA of the isotope ratios for lead ammunition and lichens revealed no significant differences between lichen groups (north and south) and for the lead ammunition sources (pellets and bullets). A plot of (206)Pb/(204)Pb and (206)Pb/(207)Pb values illustrated that lichens and lead ammunition were distinct groupings and only the 95% confidence ellipse of the First Nations group overlapped that of lead ammunition. In addition, partial correlations between blood-lead levels (adjusted for age) and isotope ratios revealed significant (p<0.05) positive correlations for (206)Pb/(204)Pb and (206)Pb/(207)Pb, and a significant negative correlation for (208)Pb/(206)Pb, as predicted if leaded ammunition were the source of lead exposure. In conclusion, lead ammunition was identified as a source of lead exposure for First Nations people; however, the isotope ratios for lead shotshell pellets and bullets were indistinguishable. Thus, lead-contaminated meat from game harvested with lead bullets may also be contributing to the lead body burden.

  19. Study of the treatability of wastewater from a coal-gasification plant. Final report, July 15, 1978-July 14, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Iglar, A. F.

    1980-01-01

    This study focused on the coal gasification facility serving the Holston Army Ammunition Plant in Kingsport, Tennessee. Objectives were to characterize the wastewater produced by the gasification facility, and to evaluate technology for treating the waste in preparation for dischage to the environment. Most wastewater was recycled for scrubbing and cooling the product gas, with the excess requiring disposal found to be an average of only 1170 gallons per day (53 gallons per ton of coal, as received, and 366 gallons per million cubic feet of product gas). Analysis indicated that the waste was warm, high in alkaline material, especially ammonia, high in organic material, especially phenols, and also contaminated with other substances. Sulfides and thiocyanates were especially high in concentration. It was found that pretreatment could be accomplished by stripping (air injection) at high pH, removal of grease and oil (by pH suppression and light aeration) and neutralizatin. Equations were developed to describe the first two steps. Biological treatment through activated sludge was found to be successful, but effected only a moderate degree of treatment, and was troubled with frequent process upset. Attempts to improve treatment efficiency and stability are described. The data indicated the need to study aerated waste stabilization ponds as an alternative to activated sludge. Biological reaction kinetics were studied for activated sludge. Evaluation of the application of granular activated carbon suggested that this could be an effective practical tertiary treatment.

  20. Army Training Study: Concepts of the Army Training System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-08-08

    Combat Units. 1 March 1971. Harher, Robert A. and Coleman, Charlie C. Application of Simulation Training Exercises to Crisis Relocation Planning...product or outpit of the Army’s helth -. Ssinn. 0 ro)gram qM is a go example of hw pr hugra-. udgetinc’ is intro-. to work. The Army’s health care

  1. Army Force Generation: Balancing Missions in the Army National Guard

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-23

    National Guard input for Chief, National Guard Bureau Update brief for 30 January 2007, available from https://gkoportal.ngb.army.mil/sites/ JOP ...January 2007; available from https://gkoportal.ngb.army.mil/sites/ JOP /cngbbrief/default.aspx; Internet; accessed 28 January 2007. 55 U.S. General

  2. Active Army and Army Reserve Soldiers: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corkan, JoJo T.; And Others

    A study determined whether chemical operations specialists at skill level 1 differ in terms of aptitude, job knowledge, job confidence, and perceptions of task difficulty, task importance, task frequency, and task training, depending on whether the specialists are active U.S. Army soldiers or are in the Army Reserve. The subjects for whom complete…

  3. Test Procedures for Qualifying Waxes for Use in Explosives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-09-16

    QUALIFICATION FOR USE IN COMPOSITION A-3 EXPLOSIVE A sample of the candidate wax will be forwarded to Holston Army Ammunition Plant , Kingsport ...explosive for Navy use. TV. QUALIFICATION FOR USEJ]l COMPOSITION B EXPLOSIVE A sample of the candidate wax will be forwarded to Holston Army Ammunition ... Plant , Kingsport , Tennessee , to be used in manufacturing Grade A Composition B explosive to meet the requirements of MIL-C-401. This will be used in

  4. PCBs in Caulk and Paint

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-16

    were used in paints ►To enhance structural integrity ►Reduce flammability ►Increase antifungal properties  PCBs imparted heat resistance to the...closed Army ammunition plants has compromised and delayed the decontamination processes. BUILDING STRONG® Field Detection Technologies  Enzyme-linked...hours ► 100% within 48 hours The technology has been field demonstrated at Cape Canaveral Air Station, Fl and Badger Army Ammunition Plant , WI. BUILDING

  5. Army Transformation to Expeditionary Formations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    potatoes " of the United States Army. This is what our nation depends on and expects a land based anned force to be. No formation currently on this...is something to be said about form and functionality. Briefly this, kudos to Army leadership by reducing the level of maintenance ( starching , sewing

  6. 75 FR 70916 - Surplus Properties; Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-19

    ... Department of the Army Surplus Properties; Notice AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Notice..., 2007. DATES: Effective immediately, by adding the following surplus property notice. FOR FURTHER...--Chattanooga (Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant) USARC, 6703 Bonny Oaks Drive; Notice corrects surplus...

  7. Army Recruiting Resourcing System.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    Sheridan, Illinois 60037-6090 REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE OMO No. 070虨 I.& Mrw ung U btOfl tOf thti (CM .; 9 Of nOMToMt,0* Mt e,,tiSO w &rIK" 1 OUr...are those of the author and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army policy or position, unless so designated by other...changes in policies , regulations, or statutes that affect recruiting. Those interviewed within the DA staff (DCSPER, PA&E, and DAB personnel) believe there

  8. Attenuated total reflectance-FT-IR spectroscopy for gunshot residue analysis: potential for ammunition determination.

    PubMed

    Bueno, Justin; Sikirzhytski, Vitali; Lednev, Igor K

    2013-08-06

    The ability to link a suspect to a particular shooting incident is a principal task for many forensic investigators. Here, we attempt to achieve this goal by analysis of gunshot residue (GSR) through the use of attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) combined with statistical analysis. The firearm discharge process is analogous to a complex chemical process. Therefore, the products of this process (GSR) will vary based upon numerous factors, including the specific combination of the firearm and ammunition which was discharged. Differentiation of FT-IR data, collected from GSR particles originating from three different firearm-ammunition combinations (0.38 in., 0.40 in., and 9 mm calibers), was achieved using projection to latent structures discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The technique was cross (leave-one-out), both internally and externally, validated. External validation was achieved via assignment (caliber identification) of unknown FT-IR spectra from unknown GSR particles. The results demonstrate great potential for ATR-FT-IR spectroscopic analysis of GSR for forensic purposes.

  9. Army Aviation -- Back to Its Roots

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-03

    2 Ibid., 5 – 11, and Richard P. Weinert , Jr., A History of Army Aviation – 1950-1962 (Fort Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1991...Doctrine, 75 – 76. 9 Richard P. Weinert , Jr., A History of Army Aviation – 1950-1962 (Fort Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1991

  10. 78 FR 18473 - Army Privacy Act Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... Department of the Army 32 CFR Part 505 Army Privacy Act Program AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... Litigation Division when complaints citing the Privacy Act are filed in order to correct the mailing address in Sec. 505.12. The address for notifying the Army Litigation Division of cases citing the...

  11. Economic Analysis of the Recovery and Reuse of Explosives from Obsolete and Unserviceable Conventional Ammunition.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-31

    TaskOrderNo._4 Ŝc. ADDRESS (City, State , and ZIP Code) 10 SOURCE OF FUNDING NUMBERS PROGRAM OPROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO. NO. ACCESSION NO. 62720 D048...CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE . . ... Report to United States Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency May 1986 oh Economic Analysis of the Recovery and Reuse of...The United States Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency (USATHAMA) directed this study. State -of-the-art recovery/reuse processes were identified

  12. 25. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART I, SECTION 8, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART I, SECTION 8, ISOMETRIC OF LINE ONE ETC., MANUFACTURING AREA, PLANT B.' From U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Industrial Facilities Inventory, Holston Ordnance Works, Kingsport, Tennessee. Plant B, Parts II, III. (Nashville, TN: Office of the District Engineer, 1944). - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  13. 54. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART I, SECTION 8, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. Photograph of a line drawing. 'PART I, SECTION 8, TIMBER BARRICADES, MANUFACTURING AREA, PLANT B.' From the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Industrial Facilities Inventory, Holston Ordnance Works, Kingsport, Tennessee. Plant B, Parts II, III. (Nashville, TN: Office of the District Engineer, 1944). - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  14. 77 FR 5735 - Importation of Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War and Machine Guns, Destructive Devices, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War and Machine Guns, Destructive Devices, and Certain Other... U.S.C. Chapter 53. The Attorney General is also responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Gun... application must be submitted for a permit to cover the unshipped balance. B. Importation of Machine...

  15. 27 CFR 478.32 - Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain persons. 478.32 Section 478.32 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES,...

  16. 27 CFR 478.32 - Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2012-04-01 2010-04-01 true Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain persons. 478.32 Section 478.32 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES,...

  17. 27 CFR 478.32 - Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prohibited shipment, transportation, possession, or receipt of firearms and ammunition by certain persons. 478.32 Section 478.32 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES,...

  18. Transformation of the Army Depot Maintenance System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-28

    three, Internet accessed 18 January 2007. 21 Colonel Fred L. Hart, Jr., USA (Ret.), “ Lean Manufacturing and the Army Industrial Base,” Army Logistician...Six Sigma Available at http://www.amc.army.mil/lean/index.aspx, Internet accessed 18 January 2007. 24 Colonel Fred L. Hart, Jr., USA (Ret.), “ Lean ... Manufacturing and the Army Industrial Base”, 6. 25 Institute of Land Warfare, Association of the United States Army, Torchbearer, National Security

  19. Personnel Service Support (PSS) in Army Models

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-20

    UNCLASSIFIED N ACN 73765 PERSONNEL SERVICE SUPPORT (PSS) IN ARMY MODELS FINAL REPORT DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES ARMY TRAINING...Analysis 4-7 A-6 10 Theater Strategic Operational (TSO) Depths B-3 11 Constructing Interval Scales from Ordinal Data E-4 vii GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS ACN Army...Control Number AI Artificial Intelligence AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ALB Airland Battle AMSAA Army Materiel Systems Analysis Agency ANSI

  20. Transforming the Army Service Component Command to a Theater Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department...Association of Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional...2013 2. REPORT TYPE STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT .33 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Transforming the Army Service

  1. Vulnerability of surface water bodies to potential contamination by ammunition residues from military training ranges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tranquille Temgoua, André Guy; Martel, Richard; Gabriel, Uta; Furlan, Adriana; Jouveau, Marie-Juliette

    2014-05-01

    Over the last decade, a major effort has been made by Canadian Forces to understand the hydrodynamic of groundwater flow on range training areas (RTA). However, there is also a need to study surface water bodies and especially its vulnerability to potential contamination by ammunition residues. Nearly half of the surface (42%) of the studied RTA is located on bedrock prone to high rate of surface runoff. Rugged terrain is located to the north of the RTA, whereas to the south; the surface is on deltaic sediment made of sand that is favorable to high infiltration rate. Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) of topography were used in Geographic Information System (GIS) Software (ArcGis) to derive hydrologic processes. The GIS grid cells encompass basic terrain flow data that can be used to represent the flow processes at the free surface. They can also be used to derive a wide variety of information useful for the study of hydrologic processes such as topographic slope, water flow direction, contributing and drainage areas, catchments, watersheds and channel networks. The free surface flow was defined everywhere in the RTA but more specifically around targets locations, firing positions, and in impact areas. The developed methodology allows determining the hydrologic network with potential accumulation areas. The main objective is to identify areas where surficial geology and hydrological properties are favorable to rainfall-runoff and to establish if the quality of surface water may be altered by training ranges activities and subsequently if potential contaminants may migrate to receptors such as lakes and rivers. Vulnerable sectors that have high, medium or low rainfall-runoff index and surface water flow accumulation were shown on a regional map. Many other local maps were produced to define in more details surface water vulnerability in specific ranges. The possible relationship between the detection of ammunition residues in surface water bodies, the vulnerability

  2. Uptake and physiological response of crop plants irrigated with water containing RDX and TNT

    SciTech Connect

    Simini, M.; Checkai, R.T.

    1995-12-31

    Regulatory agencies have expressed concern about possible bioconcentration of TNT (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene) and RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine) in food and forage crops irrigated with contaminated groundwater. Field and home-garden crops grown in site-collected soil were irrigated with water containing RDX and TNT to simulate field conditions at Cornhusker Army Ammunition Plant (CAAP), Nebraska. Pots were watered in an environment-controlled greenhouse to field capacity throughout the life-cycle of each crop with 2, 20, and 100 ppb RDX; 2, 100, and 800 ppb TNT; 100 ppb RDX + 800 ppb TNT; or uncontaminated water in response to evapo-transpirative demand. Uptake of RDX in lettuce leaves, corn stover, and alfalfa shoots was positively correlated with treatment level, however, concentrations of RDX in these crops were generally equal to or below soil loading concentrations. RDX was not significantly (p = 0.05) taken up into tomato fruit, bush bean seeds and pods, radish roots, and soybean seeds. TNT was not significantly take up into tissues of any of the crops analyzed in this study. Yield and biomass of tomato fruit, bush bean fruit, corn stover, and soybean seeds were significantly (p = 0.05) less when irrigated with the RDX + TNT treatment compared to controls. Lettuce leaf, radish root, and alfalfa shoot yield and biomass were unaffected by treatment level. For site-specific criteria used in this study, RDX and TNT did not bioconcentrate in edible plant tissues. This is the first controlled study to investigate uptake of RDX and TNT in crops irrigated with water containing explosives concentrations commonly found in contaminated groundwater.

  3. Army Occupational Health and AEHA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    of the complex environmental and occupational health problems facing the Army today. As new areas of concern are surfaced, I am sure we will be tasked...Army concern for general control of occupational health hazards occurred in August of 1938 when the Chief of Ordnance requested medical care for its...radiation protection programs beyond the traditional concern for x-ray protection., The Health Physics Division was established and presently exists to

  4. US Army TARDEC: Robotics Overview

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-25

    unclassified US ARMY TARDEC Robotics Overview Bernard Theisen, Joint Center for Robotics 25 March 2010 Reference herein to any specific commercial...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE US ARMY TARDEC Robotics Overview 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Bernard... Robotics Industry Partnerships Academia PartnershipsGovernment Partnerships TRADOC Community Outreach • S&T Support to the RS-JPO • Develops and Fosters

  5. High Fragmentation Steel Production Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    particles caused by slack quench, or small carbide due to insufficient austenitizing time (fig. 29). Test 2 These white areas and the low mechanical...L J F CKD . APPO. Chamberlain Ctamtariain Manufacturing Corporation Scranton Army Ammunition Piant BILLET z) A A O ex iMM DATE 3...Chamberlain Manufacturing Corporation Scranton Army Ammunition Plant TITLE BILLET 5i X 5i 1BA DRN. L J F CKD . APPO. 173 DATf 3 ZZ. Bl SCALE

  6. Shaping the Army’s Information Technology Acquisition Workforce in an Era of Outsourcing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-12

    IT sector dwarfed the government sector. The Army, along with the rest of the Department of Defense (DoD), began to realize that it could leverage...resources, accounting, plant maintenance, etc.). One of the early 5 proponents of this approach, Eastman Kodak outsourced all their IT to an outside...10th, 1996), 679-703. 2 LTC Paul D. Briggs, The Army Information Technology Personnel Challenge (Are We Selling Our Seed Corn & Can We Buy It Back

  7. The persistent problem of lead poisoning in birds from ammunition and fishing tackle

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Haig, Susan M.; D'Elia, Jesse; Eagles-Smith, Collin; Fair, Jeanne M.; Gervais, Jennifer; Herring, Garth; Rivers, James W.; Schulz, John H.

    2014-01-01

    Lead (Pb) is a metabolic poison that can negatively influence biological processes, leading to illness and mortality across a large spectrum of North American avifauna (>120 species) and other organisms. Pb poisoning can result from numerous sources, including ingestion of bullet fragments and shot pellets left in animal carcasses, spent ammunition left in the field, lost fishing tackle, Pb-based paints, large-scale mining, and Pb smelting activities. Although Pb shot has been banned for waterfowl hunting in the United States (since 1991) and Canada (since 1999), Pb exposure remains a problem for many avian species. Despite a large body of scientific literature on exposure to Pb and its toxicological effects on birds, controversy still exists regarding its impacts at a population level. We explore these issues and highlight areas in need of investigation: (1) variation in sensitivity to Pb exposure among bird species; (2) spatial extent and sources of Pb contamination in habitats in relation to bird exposure in those same locations; and (3) interactions between avian Pb exposure and other landscape-level stressors that synergistically affect bird demography. We explore multiple paths taken to reduce Pb exposure in birds that (1) recognize common ground among a range of affected interests; (2) have been applied at local to national scales; and (3) engage governmental agencies, interest groups, and professional societies to communicate the impacts of Pb ammunition and fishing tackle, and to describe approaches for reducing their availability to birds. As they have in previous times, users of fish and wildlife will play a key role in resolving the Pb poisoning issue.

  8. Sustaining the Single Naval Battle: Enhancing USMC Expeditionary Logistics with the Addition of the Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Auxiliary Dry Cargo / Ammunition Ships (T-AKES)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-18

    of Employment. Official Message. (CMC WASHINGTON DC PPO POE), DTG: 291447Z Mar 2010. 28 Military Sealift Command, Combat Logistics Force Webpage...Ammunition Ship (F-AKE) Concept of Employment. Official Message. (CMC WASHINGTON DC PPO POE), DTG: 291447Z Mar 2010. 28 30 Headquarters u.s. Marine Corps...Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Auxiliary Dry Cargo/Ammunition Ship (I’-AKE) Concept of Employment. Official Message. (CMC WASHINGTON DC PPO POE

  9. 2013 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Army Civilian Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    half (53%) indicate they have been effective or very effective in helping to plan career development. Sixteen percent of civilian leaders...the Army Training Network (ATN), which they rate as effective at providing resources for planning and executing self-development (61%), unit...that responded to the 2013 CASAL approximated the Army civilian workforce with regard to gender and ethnic origin ( Office of the Assistant G-1 for

  10. Ammunition is the principal source of lead accumulated by California condors re-introduced to the wild.

    PubMed

    Church, Molly E; Gwiazda, Roberto; Risebrough, Robert W; Sorenson, Kelly; Chamberlain, C Page; Farry, Sean; Heinrich, William; Rideout, Bruce A; Smith, Donald R

    2006-10-01

    The endangered California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) was reduced to a total population of 22 birds by the end of 1982. Their captive-bred descendants are now being released back into the wild in California, Arizona, and Baja California, where monitoring indicates they may accumulate lead to toxic levels. Fragments of ammunition in the carcasses of game animals such as deer, elk, and feral pigs not retrieved by hunters or in gut piles left in the field have been considered a plausible source of the lead, though little direct evidence is available to support this hypothesis. Here, we measured lead concentrations and isotope ratios in blood from 18 condors living in the wild in central California, in 8 pre-release birds, and in diet and ammunition samples to determine the importance of ammunition as a source of exposure. Blood lead levels in pre-release condors were low (average 27.7 ng/mL, SD 4.9 ng/ mL) and isotopically similar to dietary and background environmental lead in California. In contrast, blood lead levels in free-flying condors were substantially higher (average 246 ng/mL, SD 229 ng/mL) with lead isotopic compositions that approached or matched those of the lead ammunition. A two-endmember mixing model defined by the background 207Pb/206Pb ratio of representative condor diet samples (0.8346) and the upper 207Pb/206Pb ratio of the ammunition samples (0.8184) was able to account for the blood lead isotopic compositions in 20 out of the 26 live condors sampled in this study (i.e., 77%). Finally, lead in tissues and in a serially sampled growing feather recovered postmortem from a lead-poisoned condor in Arizona evidence acute exposure from an isotopically distinct lead source. Together, these data indicate that incidental ingestion of ammunition in carcasses of animals killed by hunters is the principal source of elevated lead exposure that threatens the recovery in the wild of this endangered species.

  11. 75 FR 19302 - Radiation Sources on Army Land

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ... organization, would require a specific Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license or Army Radiation... Department of the Army 32 CFR Part 655 RIN 0702-AA58 Radiation Sources on Army Land AGENCY: Department of the... revise its regulations concerning radiation sources on Army land. The Army requires Non-Army...

  12. 76 FR 6692 - Radiation Sources on Army Land

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-08

    ... a specific Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license or Army Radiation Authorization (ARA). The... Department of the Army 32 CFR Part 655 RIN 0702-AA58 Radiation Sources on Army Land AGENCY: Department of the... regulation concerning radiation sources on Army land. The Army requires non-Army agencies (including...

  13. 10. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 - BOILER HOUSE 1st FL. - LOOKING EAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  14. 13. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 - BOILER HOUSE 3rd FL. LOOKING WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  15. 12. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 - BOILER HOUSE 2nd FL. LOOKING EAST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  16. 8. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 & 325 - BOILER & POWER HOUSE LOOKING SO. WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  17. 9. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 - BOILER HOUSE LOOKING N.WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  18. 11. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photocopy of photograph, U.S. Army, ca. 1943 (original print located at Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Commerce City, Colorado). R.M.A. - 321 - BOILER HOUSE 2nd FL. LOOKING WEST. - Rocky Mountain Arsenal, Boiler Plant-Central Gas Heat Plant, 1022 feet South of December Seventh Avenue; 525 feet West of D Street, Commerce City, Adams County, CO

  19. Reflected Blast Measurements at Small Scaled Distances for M26E1 Propellant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    produces a half- sine , positive pressure pulse with peak amplitudes from 100 psi (0.7 MPa) to more than 10,000 psi (70 MPa), and rise times of 1 to 2...Plant ATTN: SARMI-S Milan, TN 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA -IE (2) Radford, VA 24141 Commander Badger Army

  20. Defense Infrastructure. Army’s Approach for Acquiring Land Is Not Guided by Up-to-Date Strategic Plan or Always Communicated Effectively

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    tortoise and Lane Mountain milk- vetch plant—both endangered species—and the Army proposed to purchase some land elsewhere to be used to protect the...desert tortoise and the milk- vetch . The Army noted that no community development had been planned for the area the Army wanted to acquire, so it...environmental impacts, noting that the potential losses of the desert tortoise and Lane Mountain milk- vetch plant were the most significant

  1. Task 0715: Army Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load Pilots

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    NDCEE/CTC The NDCEE is operated by: Office of the Assistant Sec etary of the Army for Installations, E ergy and Enviro ment Technology Transition...Fertilizer applications; – Wastewater treatment plants; and – Urban storm water runoff. INSERT EVENT TITLE – INSERT MONTH & YEAR2S2 Symposium and...the following land uses: − Impervious urban − Pervious urban − Construction − Extractive − Agricultural (various) − Forest − Harvested Forest

  2. Mobilization and Defense Management Technical Reports Series. The Use of Reactivation Networks to Improve Mobilization Preparedness of the Ammunition Industry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    scheduling system that controls I) 1 mater ia:l flows through th• manufacturing proccess . The second ne:.wofking ap.roach, called Venture Evaluation and...VERM will only be another dnused technical tool . viii TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTERPG D IX L, LMEIR- /A "IA I NE...Reactivation of the ammunition industry will require thousands of decisions daily from such ,w.ndane tasks as whether or not to paint a machine to complex

  3. Antimony content of inorganic gunshot residue (IGSR) produced by 0.22 caliber rimfire ammunition having free-antimony primer.

    PubMed

    Zeichner, Arie

    2017-01-01

    In a recent paper published in Forensic Science International (FSI), Lucas et al. (2016) claimed that muzzle discharge of 0.22 caliber rimfire ammunition is more likely to incorporate particles from the bullet surface than those retained on the firearm and that characteristic particles containing Pb, Ba and Sb formed from known Sb-free primers are likely to be more prevalent in muzzle discharge. It seems that this claim is not based on sufficient experimental results.

  4. Army Water Reuse Policy - A Decision Document

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    US Army Corps of Engineers® Engineer Research and Development Center Army Water Reuse Policy – A Decision Document Environment, Energy...AND SUBTITLE Army Water Reuse Policy - A Decision Document 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...regional requirements • Reuse /Recycling to play bigger component US Army Corps of Engineers® Engineer Research and Development Center Tasking • Are

  5. Reducing Hazardous Emissions at Anniston Army Depot

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Emissions at Anniston Army Depot Mr. Jack Kelley, ARL Mr. Wayne Ziegler, ARL Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public...4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Reducing Hazardous Emissions at Anniston Army Depot 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Anniston Army Depot  Anniston Army Depot (ANAD) performs depot level maintenance for combat tanks

  6. Army Aviation’s Role in USAFRICOM and United States Army Africa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-16

    Excellence (USAACE) to work with the Department of the Army (DA) on developing an aviation force structure that can meet the needs of USAFRICOM and...Army (DA) on developing an aviation force structure that can meet the needs of USAFRICOM and USARAF. ARMY AVIATION’S ROLE IN USAFRICOM AND...UNITED STATES ARMY AFRICA This paper examines the Army Aviation force structure necessary for supporting USAFRICOM and USARAF. The examination

  7. The Army National Guard Division Headquarters in the Army of 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-26

    the RC to meet combatant commanders’ objectives. In response to the President’s refined national security strategy, the Army issued the 2013 Army...the nation’s ability to maintain a force structure at a lower cost capable of rapidly mobilizing to meet national security interests. World War I...THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD DIVISION HEADQUARTERS IN THE ARMY OF 2020 A Monograph by Major Chris M. Mabis Army National

  8. Systemic Army Environmental Issues: Perspectives and Interpretations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    satisfy today’s RCRA or HSWA [ Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 19841 based information needs" (Butts, 1991). Another observer noted that the Army...Headquarters HQDA Headquarters. Department of the Army HSWA Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 MACOM Major Command MCA Military Construction. Army MS

  9. Enhancing Army Joint Force Headquarters Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Ad hoc (Army) 2004–2005 MNSTC-I SSTR CENTCOM Ad hoc (Army) 2004-2005 JTF-G8/ DNC /RNC HD/CS NORTHCOM Ad hoc (Army) x 3 2004 JTF-515 SSTR PACOM 2004...AFIC = Armed Forces Inaugural Committee; CENTCOM = Central Command; DNC = Democratic National Committee; EUCOM = European Command; FSSG = Fleet

  10. 32 CFR 651.5 - Army policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF ARMY ACTIONS (AR 200-2) Introduction § 651.5 Army policies. (a) NEPA establishes broad... productive, meaningful way from the standpoint of environmental quality. (b) The Army will actively... involvement of the proponent in the NEPA process. (2) NEPA technical and awareness training, as...

  11. 32 CFR 651.5 - Army policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF ARMY ACTIONS (AR 200-2) Introduction § 651.5 Army policies. (a) NEPA establishes broad... productive, meaningful way from the standpoint of environmental quality. (b) The Army will actively... involvement of the proponent in the NEPA process. (2) NEPA technical and awareness training, as...

  12. 32 CFR 651.5 - Army policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF ARMY ACTIONS (AR 200-2) Introduction § 651.5 Army policies. (a) NEPA establishes broad... productive, meaningful way from the standpoint of environmental quality. (b) The Army will actively... involvement of the proponent in the NEPA process. (2) NEPA technical and awareness training, as...

  13. 32 CFR 651.5 - Army policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF ARMY ACTIONS (AR 200-2) Introduction § 651.5 Army policies. (a) NEPA establishes broad... productive, meaningful way from the standpoint of environmental quality. (b) The Army will actively... involvement of the proponent in the NEPA process. (2) NEPA technical and awareness training, as...

  14. The Evolution of Army Leader Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Developing Talent, (Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, March 2010), 4-6...16 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, Michael J. Colarusso , Towards a U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Employing Talent, (Carlisle

  15. Army Cyber Mission Force - Ambitions and Realities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    6 Recruiting Market ...Reference Publication AFSC Air Force Specialty Code AMRG Army Marketing Research Group AR Army Regulation ARCYBER U.S. Army Cyber Command BEAR Bonus...JAMRS Joint Advertising and Marketing Research Studies v JP Joint Publication MOS Military Occupation Specialty NCOES

  16. 76 FR 66282 - Army Educational Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-26

    ... CFR 102-3.150, the following meeting notice is announced: Name of Committee: U.S. Army War College....S. Army War College, 122 Forbes Avenue, Carlisle, PA, Command Conference Room, Root Hall, Carlisle... continued growth and development of the United States Army War College. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  17. U.S. Army Role in Space

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-12

    with space activities with the surrender of Dr. Wernher von Braun to the Seventh Army in 1945. Wernher von Braun and German rocket scientists and...technicians formed the nucleus of the Army team to build the first US rocket in 1953.22 Wernher von Braun led the Army’s development of the nation’s first

  18. The Army Ethic-Inchoate but Sufficient

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    AE Army Ethic AEWP Army Ethic White Paper CAPE Center for the Army Profession and Ethic UCMJ Uniform Code of Military Justice U.S. United States...... justice and mercy (Kem 2006, 26). An ethical decisionmaking model helps differentiate between actual and apparent ethical dilemmas. Kem proposes a

  19. Trust: Implications for the Army Profession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    soldiers to get out,” Army Times (23 May 2011), 16-17; Michelle Tan and John Gould . Toxic Leadership: Army wants to rid top ranks of toxic leaders. Army...US Federal News Service (Wash- ington, DC: HT Media Ltd, 2011). 44. Poppo and Schepker, 132. 45. See intro, in Charles D. Allen and Stephen J. Gerras

  20. Quinine substitutes in the confederate army.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Guy R

    2007-06-01

    During the Civil War, the unreliable supply and high cost of quinine forced the Confederate Army to use alternative treatments for malaria. Many quinine substitutes were mentioned in the literature of the time, but relatively few were advocated by Confederate officials and even fewer are described in surviving records. Medical supply officers often issued substitute remedies when quinine was requisitioned. Most alternative treatments were made from indigenous plants such as dogwood, willow (a constituent of which gave rise to aspirin), and tulip tree. High hopes were held for Georgia bark, which was thought to be closely related to cinchona, from which quinine was derived. Documentation of the effectiveness of quinine substitutes is scanty but is most plentiful for the external application of turpentine. The quinine substitutes were generally considered useful but not as effective as quinine. The Confederate Surgeon General's Office was active in seeking out and supplying troops with quinine substitutes.

  1. Systems Thinking in the Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    September 2011) Systems Thinking in the Army Presented by: MG. Nick Justice Commanding General RDECOM Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No...2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Systems Thinking in the Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR...18 Why do  Systems   Thinking ?  Systems   Thinking : Outside the Box  Desired Capability: Space explora?on will require a wri?ng  implement that is

  2. 29 CFR 570.51 - Occupations in or about plants or establishments manufacturing or storing explosives or articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Occupations in or about plants or establishments..., mixing, transporting, or handling of explosive compounds in the manufacture of small-arms ammunition and... explosive compounds are manufactured or mixed. (ii) All occupations involved in the...

  3. 29 CFR 570.51 - Occupations in or about plants or establishments manufacturing or storing explosives or articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Occupations in or about plants or establishments..., mixing, transporting, or handling of explosive compounds in the manufacture of small-arms ammunition and... explosive compounds are manufactured or mixed. (ii) All occupations involved in the...

  4. 29 CFR 570.51 - Occupations in or about plants or establishments manufacturing or storing explosives or articles...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Occupations in or about plants or establishments..., mixing, transporting, or handling of explosive compounds in the manufacture of small-arms ammunition and... explosive compounds are manufactured or mixed. (ii) All occupations involved in the...

  5. Management: Army Management of the Electromagnetic Spectrum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    M 3. IRAC a. FAS b. SPS c. TSC d. ING M M M M M —- —- M M M 4. US BR National Committee M —- 5. US BR Study Groups (US BR SGs) a. SG-1 (Spectrum...management requirements in Army Sys- tems Acquisition Review Councils per AR 15-14. r. Provide the Army member to the IRAC and direct Army par...ticipation in IRAC activities. s. Provide the Army member to the Radio Communications Bu- reau (BR) and direct Army participation in BR study groups. t

  6. Economic Evaluation of Munitions Manufacturing Pink Wastewater Treatment Alternatives Using a Present Value-Unit Cost Methodology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    present value- unit cost (PVUC) methodology and compares seven state -of-the- art processes: activated granular carbon adsorption with and without...The United States Army controls seventeen Army Ammunition Plants (AAP) engaged in explosive or propellant manufacture. Seven AAP’s engage only in mar...Army manufactures all explosives (except nitroglycerin) employed by the United States Air Force and the Army LAP facilities process Air Force munitions

  7. Products of in Situ Corrosion of Depleted Uranium Ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina Soils.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yuheng; von Gunten, Konstantin; Bartova, Barbora; Meisser, Nicolas; Astner, Markus; Burger, Mario; Bernier-Latmani, Rizlan

    2016-11-15

    Hundreds of tons of depleted uranium (DU) ammunition were used in previous armed conflicts in Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia/Kosovo. The majority (>90%) of DU penetrators miss their target and, if left in the environment, corrode in these postconflict zones. Thus, the best way to understand the fate of bulk DU material in the environment is to characterize the corrosion products of intact DU penetrators under field conditions for extended periods of time. However, such studies are scarce. To fill this knowledge gap, we characterized corrosion products formed from two intact DU penetrators that remained in soils in Bosnia and Herzegovina for over seven years. We used a combination of X-ray powder diffraction, electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The results show that metaschoepite (UO3(H2O)2) was a main component of the two DU corrosion products. Moreover, studtite ((UO2)O2(H2O)2·2(H2O)) and becquerelite (Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6·8(H2O)) were also identified in the corrosion products. Their formation through transformation of metaschoepite was a result of the geochemical conditions under which the penetrators corroded. Moreover, we propose that the transformation of metaschoepite to becquerelite or studtite in the DU corrosion products would decrease the potential for mobilization of U from corroded DU penetrators exposed to similar environments in postconflict areas.

  8. Long-term effects of lead poisoning on bone mineralization in vultures exposed to ammunition sources.

    PubMed

    Gangoso, Laura; Alvarez-Lloret, Pedro; Rodríguez-Navarro, Alejandro A B; Mateo, Rafael; Hiraldo, Fernando; Donázar, José Antonio

    2009-02-01

    Long-lived species are particularly susceptible to bioaccumulation of lead in bone tissues. In this paper we gain insights into the sublethal effects of lead contamination on Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus). Our approach was done on the comparison of two populations (Canary Islands and Iberian Peninsula) differing in exposures to the ingestion of lead ammunition. Blood lead levels were higher in the island population (Canary Islands range: 5.10-1780 microg L(-1) n=137; Iberian Peninsula range: 5.60-217.30 microg L(-1) n=32) showing clear seasonal trends, peaking during the hunting season. Moreover, males were more susceptible to lead accumulation than females. Bone lead concentration increased with age, reflecting a bioaccumulation effect. The bone composition was significatively altered by this contaminant: the mineralization degree decreased as lead concentration levels increased. These results demonstrate the existence of long-term effects of lead poisoning, which may be of importance in the declines of threatened populations of long-lived species exposed to this contaminant.

  9. Analysis of base fuze functioning of HESH ammunitions through high-speed photographic technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswal, T. K.

    2007-01-01

    High-speed photography plays a major role in a Test Range where the direct access is possible through imaging in order to understand a dynamic process thoroughly and both qualitative and quantitative data are obtained thereafter through image processing and analysis. In one of the trials it was difficult to understand the performance of HESH ammunitions on rolled homogeneous armour. There was no consistency in scab formation even though all other parameters like propellant charge mass, charge temperature, impact velocity etc are maintained constant. To understand the event thoroughly high-speed photography was deployed to have a frontal view of the total process. Clear information of shell impact, embedding of HE propellant on armour and base fuze initiation are obtained. In case of scab forming rounds these three processes are clearly observed in sequence. However in non-scab ones base fuze is initiated before the completion of the embedding process resulting non-availability of threshold thrust on to the armour to cause scab. This has been revealed in two rounds where there was a failure of scab formation. As a quantitative measure, fuze delay was calculated for each round and there after premature functioning of base fuze was ascertained in case of non-scab rounds. Such potency of high-speed photography has been depicted in details in this paper.

  10. Army Precision at Central Headquarters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Jay P.

    2005-01-01

    William "Rob" Roberts wasn't thinking about working as a professional educator, much less running a major school system, when he decided he'd had enough of formal schooling himself at age 19. Rather, he dreamed of big adventures, flying combat aircraft for the military. When he discovered the U.S. Army didn't insist on two years of…

  11. Army Maneuver Center of Excellence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-18

    agreements throughout DoD DARPA, JIEDDO, DHS, FAA, DoE, NSA , NASA, SMDC, etc. Strategic Partnerships Benefit the Army Materiel Enterprise External... Neuroscience Network Sciences Hierarchical Computing Extreme Energy Science Autonomous Systems Technology Emerging Sciences Meso-scale (grain...scales • Improvements in Soldier-system overall performance → operational neuroscience and advanced simulation and training technologies

  12. Army Environmental Cleanup Strategic Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Serves an enduring document to guide future strategic plans – Establishes ISO 14001 framework for cleanup; complies w/GPRA  Army Environmental...follow ISO 14001 – Plan - Complete the FY10-11 Strategic Plan – Do - Implement Activities According to the Plan – Check - Evaluate Progress Against the

  13. The Army Learning Organisation Workshop

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    Knowledge Management DALO DSTO Army Learning Organisation DASS Defence Assisted Study Scheme DLOQ Dimensions of a Learning Organisation Questionnaire...realised. Facilitation was provided through external (academic/subject matter expert) and internal (DALO Research Team) providers. The external...being an organisational archetype characterised by the existence of certain internal conditions and proclivities which facilitate learning at

  14. Army Forces for Homeland Security

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Overview,” slide presentation at the RAND Corporation, Arlington, Va., June 19, 2002. Feiler , Jeremy, “National Guard Association: Governors Should...Challenge,” Carlisle, Pa.: Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2001. Pirnie, Bruce R., and Corazon M. Francisco, Assessing Requirements for

  15. The Army Profession: A Narrative

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-23

    improving or reinforcing discipline within the Army. Organizational theorist, Valerie Fournier described a theory of professionalization in which an...Valerie Fournier described a theory of professionalization in which an organization’s leaders could use the concept of a profession to inculcate...Anthropology 25, no. 1 (1996): 22. 5 organizational culture. Valerie Fournier documented business

  16. 78 FR 24735 - Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army Education Advisory Committee (AEAC). Date of Meeting: Thursday... standards so the Army can provide credible, rigorous, and relevant training and education for its force...

  17. 77 FR 11084 - Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-24

    ... Department of the Army Army Education Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION... following committee meeting: Name of Committee: Army Education Advisory Committee (AEAC). Date of Meeting... following address: Army Education Advisory Committee, Designated Federal Officer, Attn: ATTG-OPS-EI...

  18. 2009 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Army Civilians

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Behavioral Trust Inventory ( BTI ; Gillespie, 2003) were used to assess superior, peer, and subordinate trust among Army civilians:  23% of civilians...of senior leaders (GO and SES level) in the ATLDP study reported that from their vantage point supervisors and managers resist supporting leader

  19. Schools: Army Correspondence Course Program Catalog

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-26

    gunnery and laser safety, duties and responsibilities of commanders, staff, and individuals. Crd hrs: 6. Subcourse: AV0567 Title: Introduction to...regulations for live-fire and laser training and safety considerations for transportation and storage of ammunition. Crd hrs: 3. Subcourse: AV0584...direction to reference points and objects. (Prerequisite: FA4201.) MOS: 13F. Crd hrs: 3. Subcourse: FA4224 Title: Set Up and Test the Ground/Vehicle Laser

  20. The Role of the US Army Reserve in Support of the US Army Force 2025 and Beyond: Challenges and Opportunities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    37 United States Army Reserve 2020 Vision and Strategy...States Army Reserve Vision and Strategy 2020 , Future Force Structure Guidance, Army F2025B Concept-Strategy submission, The US Army Operating Concept...2015 National Security Strategy, (NSS) published by the President of the United States, The United States Army Reserve Vision and Strategy 2020

  1. Strategic Mobility, The Force Proejction Army, and the Ottawa Landmine Treaty: Can the Army Get There?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Accessed 27 October 2000. This theme was reiterated in the fiscal year 2001 Army Posture Statement. 70 Louis Caldera and Eric K. Shinseki, A Statement on the...Operations, III-21. 87 Ibid., III-4. 88 Louis Caldera and Eric K. Shinseki, A Statement on the Posture of the United States Army Fiscal Year 2001...October 2000. 50 Caldera , Louis and Eric K. Shinseki. A Statement on the Posture of the United States Army Fiscal Year 2001, (http://www.army.mil/aps

  2. ETL wins Army Lab Prize

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The U.S. Army Engineer Topographic Laboratories (ETL), located in Fort Belvoir, Va., was awarded the 1981 Department of the Army Most Improved Laboratory of the Year Award for ETL's scientific and technical achievements in mapping, military geographic information, and geographic intelligence systems.ETL, the largest topographic research and development organization of its kind in the world, specializes in mapping, geodesy, point positioning, and military geographic information. ETL addresses the full range of development from basic research to a final product in the topographic sciences. In addition, scientists at the laboratory have interpreted feedback from satellites, such as Landsat, to help pinpoint and improve ecological imbalance in some areas. ETL engineers are developing electronic systems to measure dams, while other ETL staff members are designing a pseudo-radar system for the Pershing II missile.

  3. Laboratory Studies and Preliminary Evaluation of Destructive Technologies for the Removal of RDX from the Water Waste Stream of Holston Army Ammunition Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    ions (pH 12, 12.5, 13 and 13.3) were analyzed by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) following USEPA Method SW-846 Method 8330 (USEPA 1994...nanoparticles (Naja et al. 2008), and as ions in solution (Kim and Strathmann 2007). Investigations into the use of zero-valent iron have developed...concentration. The unbalanced reaction is kRDX OH products  Equation 1: The unbalanced chemical reaction of RDX and hydroxide ion . The rate

  4. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1985 Submitted to Congress February 1984, Procurement, Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles. Part 4. Ammunition.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-01

    for Research, Derelopmet, and Acquisition I. 2𔃻 >1 J " * .J JUSTIFICATION OF ESTIMATES DISTRIBUTION Copies Copies Copies ASD(C) (3A862) 7 DANO -ZF...continuous-operattn capability by replacing the present, deteriorated system, which was installed in 1910and modified in 1953 . $1.9 million is to

  5. All Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place, and Contractor, FY 87. Part 1. Alabama Army Ammunit, Alabama-Yancopin, Arkansas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    dOQ 0 41 (1444 <<<< 4-IN 13333 9-3 蘝 𔃾t~ " ɛទt 4 oca CI(/00 00 a 0z 00030 ɘ 0000 >0 n n n i (/) 0 CL )) cc ) * 94O.-I00000 9-00 .z.) 񓀠 0...4 * N * N (D ’I L) co1-4 N NN.44 --- -4 -. 4(1 N-4 .-4 -4 N 4N C4 N N 4N" (D- ON0NN4N 0)N C4 I 1 1 0 0 -4 Cl) C.) 0 0 0) N10 - iSO ,4c4c4cjc jc c-4 c

  6. U.S. Army Social Media Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    The Army recognizes that social media has the ability to communicate with larger audiences faster and in new ways. It has become an important tool...for Army messaging and outreach. The Army uses a variety of social media platforms designed to support a range of media from text, audio, pictures and... social media and has worked hard to develop training to help Soldiers and family members use social media responsibly.

  7. Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction among Army Chaplains

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-05-20

    or 20 MAY 1976 STUDY ’ PROJECT FACTORS INFLUENCING JOB SATISFACTION AMONG ARMY CHAPLAINS BY CHAPLAIN(COLONEL) KERMIT D. JOHNSON US ARMY WAR...job •atUfaction among US kxmy chaplain« it b«aad CO • mail aurvay raaponao of 998 chap Ulna out of 1411 in tha Army chaplaincy. Factors which...chaplaincy, and cosseand. Certain professional Irritants were singled out. By means of demographic information, comparisons were made as to how

  8. Controls Over Army Real Property Financial Reporting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-28

    Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) AWCF Army Working Capital Fund CIP Construction-in-Progress DCD/ DCW DFAS...Warehouse (DCD/ DCW ). The Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller) (ASA[FM&C]) is responsible for the policies, procedures...entity’s information to automatically populate that indicator. As a result, IFS did not send DCD/ DCW correct information for determining the

  9. Army Engineers at Pearl Harbor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    the Honolulu Engi- neer District, then part of the South Pacific Division. Colonel Albert K.B. Lyman , a native Hawaiian who later attained the rank...aircraft dis- persal at Wheeler Field. On the civil side, Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Wyman, the Honolulu District Engineer, had offices employing 10...Army Engineers at Pearl Harbor Past in Review Native Hawaiian Colonel Albert K.B. Lyman , the Army’s Ha- waiian Department engineer during the attack

  10. Future of Army Water Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Energy/ water nexus  Balancing supply with demand  Aging infrastructure  Complex water rights issues  Cost vs. price imbalance  Quality degradation...Energy/ Water Nexus • Thermoelectric power • Geothermal • Biofuels • Solar-hot water • Hydropower • Carbon Capture • “ Fracking ” Regional Water Balance...with Broad Applicability  Assess 30-year water supply and demand for sample of Army installations Method developed in 2009 at two pilot studies

  11. Social Media and the Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    net. (U.S. Navy, Mass Communication Specialist 2d Class Edwin L. Wriston) Chondra Perry REMEMBER WHEN BEING SOCIAL meant sharing your favorite...team? Those days are in the past. Communication has grown globally over the years; today’s technology opens a completely new way of sharing ideas...thoughts, and the latest on dit. Our Army has embraced the world of social media as the power of communication has taken a new turn. Typewriters

  12. 2011 Army Strategic Planning Guidance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-25

    TESI ) of 22,000 Soldiers, the Army’s total force by the end of the mid-term period is programmed to be 520K (AC). We will achieve a more...dwell ratios, extending TESI authority to adequately man deploying units and sustain the All-Volunteer Force, right-sizing the generating force, and... TESI Temporary End-Strength Increase WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction 2011 ARMY STRATEGIC PLANNING GUIDANCE Page 19 2011

  13. Army PCMH Initiative: Current Status

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-25

    Increasing accessibility and quality of healthcare • Improving Soldier and Family housing • Ensuring excellence in schools, youth services, and child ...2010 Enrollment vs. Capacity Care Continuity Appointment Availability Patient Satisfaction RMC TRICARE Operation Center ( TOC ) 04 OCT 10...2011 MHS Conference  35 Parent Sites  114 Child Sites  11 MTFs with 66 PCMH Teams  Level II NCQA Recognized PCMH: “0” PCMH in Army Inventory 10 of

  14. Army PM UAS Spectrum Update

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    Spectrum Requirements 24 System Component Frequencies Used Manufacturer Quantity Location J/F-12 Number Electro-Optical / Infra-red / Laser Range...UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED David Milburn Sigmatech Contractor Spectrum Manager Unmanned Aircraft Systems Project Office PACOM...NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Sigmatech Inc,U.S. Army Unmanned Aircraft Systems

  15. Recruiting Effects of Army Advertising

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    large amount of newspaper advertising was bought through "groups," or aggregates of related newspapers whose space is marketed together. For example, ads ...im rm’ r .. . 2 advertising on private sector markets when firms attempt to influence consumers’ purchasing decisions. When it comes to research on... adding unique data describing the patterns and distribu- tion of Army advertising expenditures between 1981 and 1984. 3 The specific aims of the

  16. A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Army Advertising Attributes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    that identifies the needs and characteristics of individuals in the Armys’ prime market , as well as their exposure to Army advertising . One way the Army...U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences N Research Report 1578 A Cross-Sectional Comparison I of Army Advertising ...62785A 791 2105 H01 11. TITLE (Include Security Classification) A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Army Advertising Attributes 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S

  17. Training Strategies for Newly Designed Army Headquarters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    M 3.2 M 1.61 M 5.8 M (less Air Force) ~110 divs.; Service Troops; 3 Army Grps; 9 Field Armies (allies and USMC. 7 French armies, 2 corps, 8...Defense Command (AAMDC), A r m y M o d u l a r C a p a b i l i t i e s 8 Mark Gerner 9/18/2008 2:03 PM Secretary of the Army Functions USC...Agency authorities over contracts, programs, other mechanisms P O L I C Y P R O G R A M M A T I C Headquarters of International

  18. Anticipating Climate Change Impacts on Army Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    0.220 –5.6 Sharpe General Depot (Field Annex) 0.185 4.7 Anniston Army Depot –0.181 –4.6 It is interesting that those installations in the Canadian...Fort Gordon –15.84 –8.8 Anniston Army Depot –15.48 –8.6 Figure 29. In the globalized rapid economic growth scenario for the Canadian Model, the...Reservation -10.80 -6.0 Hunter Army Airfield -9.36 -5.2 Fort Gordon -8.82 -4.9 Anniston Army Depot -7.92 -4.4 The southeastern installations still indicate

  19. After the Spring: Reforming Arab Armies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    UNITED STATES : • l i A~\\fYWAPRESS ’ Carli!<lc lh..fl".lcb, PA STItt: NGTII_.WI S OOM AFTER THE SPRING: REFORMING ARAB ARMIES Florence Gaub U.S...SUBTITLE After the Spring: Reforming Arab Armies 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER...Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press AFTER THE SPRING: REFORMING ARAB ARMIES Florence Gaub September 2014 The views expressed in this report

  20. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1984, Procurement Appropriations-Construction Program Submitted to Congress January 1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    7848174 Spt-Facility Rehibilita- 6.0 8 Plant, Stratford, CT tion for the Stratford Army Engine Plant Mainz Army Depot (MZAD) 4842006 Modernization of...economizer, a dust separator/collector on Boiler No. . earrange various room equip and install modern electronic equipment on Boilers 3 and 4. shf?: The...metal ductwork that penetrates through the roof of Bldg #4, thus returning the roof to original condition. Also, this subproject.will provide access