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Sample records for bedt-ttf

  1. Vibrational spectra of two BEDT-TTF-based organic conductors : charge order.

    SciTech Connect

    Graja, A.; Olejniczak, I.; Barszcz, B.; Schlueter, J. A.; Materials Science Division; Polish Academy of Sciences

    2009-12-01

    Infrared and Raman investigations of two phases of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) based organic conductors with the same CF{sub 3}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}{sup -} anion: {beta}{prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}CF{sub 3}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} and {delta}{prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}CF{sub 3}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}, are shortly reviewed and compared with the most typical infrared properties of the family of (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}RR{prime}SO{sub 3} organic conductors, where R = SF{sub 5}, CF{sub 3}, and R{prime} are CH{sub 2}, CF{sub 2}, CHF, CHFCF{sub 2}, and CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}. The role of the molecular structure and spatial organization of the counterions is discussed.

  2. Infrared optical properties of the 10-K organic superconductor (BEDT-TTF) sub 2 (Cu(NCS) sub 2 ) (where (BEDT-TTF) is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene)

    SciTech Connect

    Kornelsen, K.; Eldridge, J.E. ); Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M. )

    1991-09-01

    Low-temperature polarized bolometric absorption measurements have been performed on the {ital T}{sub {ital c}}=10.4 K organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}(Cu(NCS){sub 2}), where BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene. The ratio of the absorption at 5.3 K to that at 10.5 K from 10 to 40 cm{sup {minus}1} showed no evidence of a conventional BCS gap. Polarized-reflectivity measurements at temperatures between 10 and 295 K are also reported for both the protonated and deuterated compounds, between 200 and 8000 cm{sup {minus}1}. The 10-K spectra were calibrated by a technique of simultaneously measuring the reflectivity {ital R} and the absorptance, 1{minus}{ital R}. The resulting conductivities display vibrational features superimposed on an electronic background. This background shifts from mid-infrared interband transitions, when the dc conductivity is low, to far-infrared intraband transitions as the dc conductivity increases. The vibrations have been assigned to a mixture of normally inactive {ital a}{sub {ital g}} modes and normally active {ital b}{sub 2{ital u}} modes of the BEDT-TTF molecule. A few of both types couple strongly to the charge carriers. One in particular has a very temperature-dependent frequency due to the changing intensity of the mid-infrared band.

  3. Polymorphism in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}M(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(solvent) superconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Geiser, U.; Schlueter, J.A.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Dudek, J.D.; Kelly, M.E.; Naumann, D.; Roy, T.

    1996-09-01

    A new crystallographic modification ({Kappa}{sub L}{sup `}) was found in the BEDT-TTF:M(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}{sup -}: solvent (M=Cu, Ag, Au) system. The structure of monoclinic {Kappa}{sub L}{sup `}-(BEDT- TTF){sub 2}Cu(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(1,2-dibromo-1-chloroethane = DCBE) is reported. It differs from the orthorhombic {Kappa}{sub L}{sup `}- phase by having all BEDT-TTF molecules tilted in the same direction with respect to the conducting phase normal, whereas in {Kappa}{sub L} the tilt direction alternates between layers.

  4. Analysis of Dirac Point in the Organic Conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzumura, Yoshikazu

    2016-05-01

    The Dirac electron in the organic conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 under pressure is analyzed using a tight-binding model with nearest-neighbor transfer energies and four molecules per unit cell. By noting that the Dirac point between the first and second energy bands emerges or merges followed by the level crossing at a time-reversal invariant momentum (TRIM), an effective Hamiltonian is derived on the basis of these two wave functions at the TRIM, which have different parities associated with an inversion symmetry around the inversion center. We demonstrate that the Dirac point is determined by an intersection of two kinds of lines originating from the Hamiltonian described by symmetric and antisymmetric functions around the TRIM. The present method quantitatively gives a reasonable location of the Dirac point of α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 in a wide pressure range.

  5. Recent progress in BEDT-TTF (bis(ethylenedithio)-tetratiofulvalene) based synthetic metals

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, H.H.; Allen, T.J.; Schlueter, J.A.; Hallenbeck, S.L.; Stupka, D.L.; Chen, M.Y.; Despotes, A.M.; Kao, H-C.I.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.

    1987-01-01

    BEDT-TTF based organic metals with tetrahedral and linear anions are reviewed. New (ET)/sub 2/MX/sub 4/ complexes, their electrical and ESR properties are reported (M = Ga, In, Tl, and X is halides). A novel solid state phase transformation from semiconducting ..cap alpha.. to superconducting ..beta..-(ET)/sub 2/IBr/sub 2/ is presented. 40 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Charge disproportionation with lattice distortion of α-(BEDT-TTF)2RbHg(SCN)4 observed by 13C-NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noda, Kazuki; Ihara, Yoshihiko; Kawamoto, Atsushi

    2013-02-01

    To explore the connection between α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 and α-(BEDT-TTF)2MHg(SCN)4 (M=K, Rb, Tl and NH4) and to resolve the difference between band picture and charge fluctuation of α-(BEDT-TTF)2MHg(SCN)4, we utilized 13C-NMR to examine α-(BEDT-TTF)2RbHg(SCN)4 under the conditions with a large hyperfine coupling constant at each site. The temperature dependence of site susceptibility showed the development of spin disproportionation as observed in α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3. We found that the linewidth of the A site only increased as temperature decreased from 200 to 100 K, a change associated with the development of lattice modulation. These findings indicate that density-wave modulation occurs during charge disproportionation instability.

  7. Strongly enhanced 1/f - noise level in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X salts.

    SciTech Connect

    Brandenburg, J.; Muller, J.; Wirth, S.; Schlueter, J. A.; Schweitzer, D.; Materials Science Division; Max-Planck-Inst.fur Chemical Physics of Solids; Goethe-Univ.; Univ. of Stuttgart

    2010-01-01

    Fluctuation spectroscopy has been used as an investigative tool to understand the scattering mechanisms of carriers and their low-frequency dynamics in quasi-two-dimensional organic conductors ?-(BEDT-TTF)2X. We report on the very high noise level in these systems as determined from Hooge's empirical law to quantify 1/f-type noise in solids. The value of the Hooge parameter ?H, i.e. the normalized noise level, of 105-107 is several orders of magnitude higher than values of ?Hnot, vert, similar10-2-10-3 typically found in homogeneous metals and semiconductors.

  8. Spin-current injection and detection in κ-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br

    SciTech Connect

    Qiu, Z. Hou, D.; Uruichi, M.; Uchida, K.; Yamamoto, H. M.; Saitoh, E.

    2015-05-15

    Spin-current injection into an organic semiconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br film induced by the spin pumping from an yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film. When magnetization dynamics in the YIG film is excited by ferromagnetic or spin-wave resonance, a voltage signal was found to appear in the κ-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br film. Magnetic-field-angle dependence measurements indicate that the voltage signal is governed by the inverse spin Hall effect in κ-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br. We found that the voltage signal in the κ-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br/YIG system is critically suppressed around 80 K, around which magnetic and/or glass transitions occur, implying that the efficiency of the spin-current injection is suppressed by fluctuations which critically enhanced near the transitions.

  9. Magnetic susceptibility and ESR of the organic conductor bis(ethylenedithiolo) tetrathiafulvalene perchlorate [(BEDT-TTF)3(ClO4)2]: Evidence for a Peierls transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parkin, S. S. P.; Miljak, M.; Cooper, J. R.

    1986-08-01

    (BEDT-TTF)3(ClO4)2 is a typical member of a large group of isostructural compounds formed by the bis(ethylenedithiolo) tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) molecule. This subclass of BEDT-TTF compounds generally displays a metal-insulator phase transition when cooled below room temperature. The origin of these phase transitions is not known in these compounds. We present static magnetic susceptibility and ESR data for single crystals of (BEDT-TTF)3(ClO4)2 which suggests that the phase transition is a mean-field-like Peierls transition. The large size of the spin susceptibility indicates that it is considerably enhanced by Coulomb interactions over the corresponding Pauli susceptibility for noninteracting electrons. We estimate a value for the on-site Coulomb interaction U of about 3-4 eV, compared to an estimated bandwidth 4t of ~=0.75 eV.

  10. Structural Properties of the Superconducting Salt (BEDT-TTF) 3Cl 2·(H 2O) 2 at Low Temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaultier, Jacques; Hébrard-Bracchetti, Sylvie; Guionneau, Philippe; Kepert, Cameron J.; Chasseau, Daniel; Ducasse, Laurent; Barrans, Yvette; Kurmoo, Mohamedally; Day, Peter

    1999-07-01

    The X-ray crystal structure of (BEDT-TTF)3Cl2·(H2O)2 [BEDT-TTF=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene] has been determined at 190, 130, and 10 K. The broad metal-insulator transition (100-160 K) observed in the resistivity data at ambient pressure, and the pressure induced superconductivity (Tc=5 K at 1.2 GPa) can be associated with temperature-dependent motion of the molecules within the unit cell and charge redistribution among the three independent BEDT-TTF molecules. The motion can be considered as a dimerization of the BEDT-TTF along the a-axis. The thermal expansion tensor in the range 12 to 295 K is anisotropic and reveals no sharp anomaly. The system remains two dimensional at all temperatures, in agreement with the electrical conductivity measurements.

  11. Discovery of Superconductivity in κ-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2]I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, H. S.; Cowan, D. O.; Fainchtein, R.; Bohandy, J.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H. H.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kushch, N. D.; Flynn, J. P.; Vanzile, M. L.; Williams, J. M.

    1996-03-01

    Evidence of superconductivity with a mid-point transition temperature of 7.2K was found for the first time on crystals of κ-(BEDT-TTF)_2Cu[N(CN)_2]I. The crystals were first synthesized at Johns Hopkins University and later independently synthesized at Argonne National Laboratory. The structure of the materials has been confirmed to be of the kappa-phase moiety by STM, AFM, Raman, ESR and X-ray diffraction. Superconductivity of the samples was confirmed by dc-conductivity, modulated microwave reflectance and magnetic susceptibility with a transition onset of 7.5K. (Authors HSL, DOC and RF acknowledge support by NSF under grant No. DMR-9223481; authors affiliated with ANL acknowledge support by DOE under contract No. W-31-109-ENG-38.)

  12. NMR study of the vortex slush phase in organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urano, M.; Tonishi, J.; Inoue, H.; Saito, T.; Fujiwara, T.; Chiku, H.; Oosawa, A.; Goto, T.; Suzuki, T.; Sasaki, T.; Kobayashi, N.; Awaji, S.; Watanabe, K.

    2007-07-01

    The vortex state in a single crystal of the layered organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2 , where BEDT-TTF (or ET) is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene, was studied by H-NMR1 . Under a low field region around 0.75T , the vortex-glass-liquid transition was demonstrated by a diverging of the longitudinal nuclear spin relaxation rate and peak broadening in spectra. Under a high field region near the upper critical field Hc2(0)≃7T , the curvature of nuclear spin relaxation curves showed a drastic change at the temperature where the emergence of the quantum vortex slush state was reported. The mechanism in this curvature change was discussed in terms of the fluctuating field produced by fragments of vortex glass.

  13. Structure of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalenium dichlorocyanoselenate (2:1), (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}SeCN

    SciTech Connect

    Geiser, U.; Schlueter, J.A.; Dudek, J.D.; Williams, J.M.

    1995-12-31

    The electron donor molecule BEDT-TTF has yielded approximately 50 superconductors to date. In addition, numerous other salts with a variety of electrical and magnetic properties have been discovered. Recently, the authors reported a semiconducting salt of BEDT-TTF with the novel T-shaped anion Br{sub 2}SeCN{sup {minus}2}. The crystallographic analysis of that salt revealed a near-centrosymmetric triclinic structure, except for the symmetry-breaking anion. On the basis of a Hamilton R-value test, the non-centrosymmetric space group P1 with ordered anions was preferred over centrosymmetric P{bar 1} with disordered anions. In this paper, the authors present the synthesis and crystal structure of the isostructural chlorine-analogue salt (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}SeCN.

  14. Transport properties and structural features of the ambient-pressure superconductor κ'-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zverev, V. N.; Manakov, A. I.; Khasanov, S. S.; Shibaeva, R. P.; Kushch, N. D.; Kazakova, A. V.; Buravov, L. I.; Yagubskii, E. B.; Canadell, E.

    2006-09-01

    The crystal structure and low-temperature transport properties of the recently synthesized κ'-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl radical cation salt are investigated. The crystals exhibit metallic conductivity and are ambient-pressure superconductors with critical temperature in the range (11.3-11.9)K . The crystals show some distinctions in structure as compared to that of the Mott insulator κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl : smaller size of the unit cell and deficiency in the occupancy of the copper positions. Anisotropy of superconducting properties as well as a nontrivial temperature dependence of the upper critical field were observed.

  15. Magneto-oscillations in BEDT-TTF salts in Pulsed Magnetic Fields of up to 55 Tesla

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singleton, John

    1997-03-01

    Charge-transfer salts based on the molecule BEDT-TTF are excellent systems for high-magnetic-field studies of novel fermiological and many-body effects (G. Boebinger, Physics Today, June 1996, p36). The salts have quasi-two-dimensional Fermi surfaces, and exhibit a wide variety of low temperature groundstates; high quality crystals are available, so that phenomena such as cyclotron resonance and the de Haas-van Alphen effect may be readily observed (J. Singleton et al., Surface Science 361), 894 (1996). This presentation will report magnetisation measurements of the salts carried out in pulsed magnetic fields of up to 55 T and at temperatures down to 350 mK. These experiments reveal very strong quantum oscillations consisting of two components, de Haas-van Alphen oscillations and so-called ``eddy current resonances'', caused by the very deep minima in the resistivity which accompany the quantum Hall effect (N. Harrison et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 77), 1576 (1996). The magnetisation studies are discussed in the context of numerical models of the magnetisation and magnetoresistance of BEDT-TTF salts (N. Harrison et al., Phys. Rev. B 54), 9977 (1996). It is found that the quantum Hall effect should indeed be present at high magnetic fields in such materials, in spite of the coexistence of quasi-one and quasi-two-dimensional Fermi surface components. Recent attempts to observe quantum Hall plateaux in magnetotransport experiments by the author and coworkers will be reviewed and evidence for the field-induced localisation of one-dimensional electrons in BEDT-TTF salts will be discussed.

  16. Observation of High-Order Harmonic Resonances in Magnetooptical Measurements of (BEDT-TTF)2Br(DIA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oshima, Yugo; Ohta, Hitoshi; Koyama, Keiichi; Motokawa, Mituhiro; Yamamoto, Hiroshi M.; Kato, Reizo

    2002-04-01

    Magnetooptical measurements of a quasi-two-dimensional (q2D) organic conductor (BEDT-TTF)2Br(DIA) (DIA=diiodoacetylene) were performed using a cavity perturbation technique with a millimeter vector network analyzer (MVNA). Harmonic resonances were observed periodically as a function of the inverse field up to the 7th order. This is the first observation of higher-order harmonics up to the 7th order in an organic conductor. The observed resonance is assigned as a periodic orbit resonance (POR) which arises from a q2D elliptic Fermi surface (FS). The obtained effective mass (4.7me) is consistent with Shubnikov-de Haas measurements. Temperature dependence of the spectra observed in two different sample configurations will be presented.

  17. Partial Dissolution of Charge Order Phase Observed in β-(BEDT-TTF)2PF6 Single Crystal Field Effect Transistor.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Masatoshi; Moritoshi, Norifumi; Kuniyoshi, Shigekazu; Yamauchi, Hiroshi; Kudo, Kazuhiro; Masu, Hyuma

    2016-04-01

    The effect of an applied gate electric field on the charge-order phase in β-(BEDT-TTF)2PF6 single-crystal field-effect transistor structure was observed at around room temperature by technical improvement with respect to sample preparation and electrical measurements. A relatively slight but systematic increase of the electrical conductance induced by the applied gate electric field and its temperature dependence was observed at around the metal-insulator transition temperature (TMI). The temperature dependence of the modulated electrical conductance demonstrated that TMI was shifted toward the lower side by application of a gate electric field, which corresponds to partial dissolution of the charge-order phase. The thickness of the partially dissolved charge order region was estimated to be several score times larger than the charge accumulation region. PMID:27451615

  18. Different electronic transport regimes in the quasi-two-dimensional organic conductors {kappa}(BEDT-TTF){<_2}X.

    SciTech Connect

    Muller, J.; Brandenburg, J.; Schweitzer, D.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2012-05-01

    We study the low-frequency dynamical properties of correlated charge carriers in various of the quasi-two-dimensional organic charge-transfer salts {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X by means of fluctuation (noise) spectroscopy. Close to the critical endpoint of the Mott metal-insulator transition, a pronounced increase of the 1/f-noise level accompanied by a substantial shift of spectral weight to low frequencies indicates a sudden increase of the time scale of the charge fluctuations. For the less correlated, more metallic materials, we find a crossover/transition from hopping transport of more-or-less localized carriers at elevated temperatures to a low-temperature regime, where a metallic coupling of the layers allows for coherent interlayer transport of delocalized electrons.

  19. Coordination Chemistry of 2,2'-Bipyridyl- and 2,2':6',2″-Terpyridyl-Substituted BEDT-TTFs: Formation of a Supramolecular Capsule Motif by the Iron(II) Tris Complex of 2,2'-Bipyridine-4-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qiang; Martin, Lee; Blake, Alexander J; Day, Peter; Akutsu, Hiroki; Wallis, John D

    2016-09-01

    Molecules of tris(2,2'-bipyridine-4-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF)iron(II) (BEDT-TTF = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) assemble in pairs to form a novel supramolecular capsular structure in the solid state. Three BEDT-TTF residues from one complex lie in the three grooves between coordinated bipyridines of the other complex, and vice versa, to form a capsule with 3-fold rotational symmetry and an internal volume of ca. 160 Å(3). Further aspects of the coordination chemistry of this ligand, its 6-substituted isomer, and the 2,2':6'2″-terpyridyl-4'-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF analogue are described.

  20. Coordination Chemistry of 2,2'-Bipyridyl- and 2,2':6',2″-Terpyridyl-Substituted BEDT-TTFs: Formation of a Supramolecular Capsule Motif by the Iron(II) Tris Complex of 2,2'-Bipyridine-4-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qiang; Martin, Lee; Blake, Alexander J; Day, Peter; Akutsu, Hiroki; Wallis, John D

    2016-09-01

    Molecules of tris(2,2'-bipyridine-4-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF)iron(II) (BEDT-TTF = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) assemble in pairs to form a novel supramolecular capsular structure in the solid state. Three BEDT-TTF residues from one complex lie in the three grooves between coordinated bipyridines of the other complex, and vice versa, to form a capsule with 3-fold rotational symmetry and an internal volume of ca. 160 Å(3). Further aspects of the coordination chemistry of this ligand, its 6-substituted isomer, and the 2,2':6'2″-terpyridyl-4'-thiomethyl-BEDT-TTF analogue are described. PMID:27517741

  1. Anion effects on electronic structure and electrodynamic properties of the Mott insulator κ -(BEDT-TTF ) 2Ag2(CN) 3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinterić, M.; Lazić, P.; Pustogow, A.; Ivek, T.; Kuveždić, M.; Milat, O.; Gumhalter, B.; Basletić, M.; Čulo, M.; Korin-Hamzić, B.; Löhle, A.; Hübner, R.; Sanz Alonso, M.; Hiramatsu, T.; Yoshida, Y.; Saito, G.; Dressel, M.; Tomić, S.

    2016-10-01

    The Mott insulator κ -(BEDT-TTF ) 2Ag2(CN) 3 forms a highly-frustrated triangular lattice of S =1 /2 dimers with a possible quantum-spin-liquid state. Our experimental and numerical studies reveal the emergence of a slight charge imbalance between crystallographically inequivalent sites, relaxor dielectric response, and hopping dc transport. In a broader perspective we conclude that the universal properties of strongly-correlated charge-transfer salts with spin liquid state are an anion-supported valence band and cyanide-induced quasidegenerate electronic configurations in the relaxed state. The generic low-energy excitations are caused by charged domain walls rather than by fluctuating electric dipoles. They give rise to glassy dynamics characteristic of dimerized Mott insulators, including the sibling compound κ -(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2 (CN )3.

  2. Synthesis of racemic and chiral BEDT-TTF derivatives possessing hydroxy groups and their achiral and chiral charge transfer complexes

    PubMed Central

    Krivickas, Sara Jane; Hashimoto, Chiho; Yoshida, Junya; Ueda, Akira; Takahashi, Kazuyuki; Wallis, John D

    2015-01-01

    Summary Chiral molecular crystals built up by chiral molecules without inversion centers have attracted much interest owing to their versatile functionalities related to optical, magnetic, and electrical properties. However, there is a difficulty in chiral crystal growth due to the lack of symmetry. Therefore, we made the molecular design to introduce intermolecular hydrogen bonds in chiral crystals. Racemic and enantiopure bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) derivatives possessing hydroxymethyl groups as the source of hydrogen bonds were designed. The novel racemic trans-vic-(hydroxymethyl)(methyl)-BEDT-TTF 1, and racemic and enantiopure trans-vic-bis(hydroxymethyl)-BEDT-TTF 2 were synthesized. Moreover, the preparations, crystal structure analyses, and electrical resistivity measurements of the novel achiral charge transfer salt θ21-[(S,S)-2]3[(R,R)-2]3(ClO4)2 and the chiral salt α’-[(R,R)-2]ClO4(H2O) were carried out. In the former θ21-[(S,S)-2]3[(R,R)-2]3(ClO4)2, there are two sets of three crystallographically independent donor molecules [(S,S)-2]2[(R,R)-2] in a unit cell, where the two sets are related by an inversion center. The latter α’-[(R,R)-2]ClO4(H2O) is the chiral salt with included solvent H2O, which is not isostructural with the reported chiral salt α’-[(S,S)-2]ClO4 without H2O, but has a similar donor arrangement. According to the molecular design by introduction of hydroxy groups and a ClO4 − anion, many intermediate-strength intermolecular hydrogen bonds (2.6–3.0 Å) were observed in these crystals between electron donor molecules, anions, and included H2O solvent, which improve the crystallinity and facilitate the extraction of physical properties. Both salts are semiconductors with relatively low resistivities at room temperature and activation energies of 1.2 ohm cm with E a = 86 meV for θ21-[(S,S)-2]3[(R,R)-2]3(ClO4)2 and 0.6 ohm cm with E a = 140 meV for α'-[(R,R)-2]2ClO4(H2O), respectively. The variety of donor

  3. Field-induced length changes in the spin-liquid candidate kappa{BEDT-TTF){<_2}Cu{<_2}(CN){<_3}.

    SciTech Connect

    Manna, R. S.; de Souza, M.; Schlueter, J. A.; Lang, M.; )

    2012-05-01

    Measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion on the spin-liquid candidate {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu{sub 2}(CN){sub 3} have revealed distinct and strongly anisotropic lattice effects around 6 K - a possible spin liquid instability. In order to study the effects of a magnetic field on the low-temperature spin-liquid state, dilatometric measurements have been conducted both as a function of temperature at B = const. and as a function of field at T = const. While the 6 K anomaly is found to be insensitive to magnetic fields B {le} 10 T, the maximum field applied, surprisingly strong B-induced effects are observed for magnetic fields applied along the in-plane b-axis. Above a threshold field of 0.5 T < B{sub c} {le} 1 T, a jump-like anomaly is observed in the b-axis lattice parameter. This anomaly, which is located at 8.7 K at B = 1 T, grows in size and shifts to lower temperatures with increasing the magnetic field. Although the anomaly bears resemblance to a first-order phase transition, the lack of hysteresis suggests otherwise.

  4. Electron-transfer boat-vibration mechanism for superconductivity in organic molecules based on BEDT-TTF

    SciTech Connect

    Demiralp, E.; Dasgupta, S.; Goddard, W.A. III

    1995-08-09

    The highest T{sub c} organic superconductors all involve the organic molecule bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (denoted as BEDT-TTF or ET) coupled with an appropriate acceptor. This leads to ET, ET{sup +}, or (ET){sub 2}{sup +} species in the crystal. Using ab initio Hartree-Fock calculations (6-31G** basis set), we show that ET deforms to a boat structure with an energy 28 meV (0.65 kcal/mol) lower than that of planar ET (D{sub 2} symmetry). On the other hand, ET{sup +} is planar. Thus, conduction in this system leads to a coupling between charge transfer and the boat deformation vibrational modes at 20 cm{sup -1} (ET) and 28 cm{sup -1} (ET{sup +}). We suggest that this electron-phonon coupling is responsible for the superconductivity and predict the isotope shifts ({delta}T{sub c}) for experimental tests of the electron-transfer boat-vibration (ET-BV) mechanism. The low frequency of this boat mode and its coupling to various lattice modes could explain the sensitivity of T{sub c} to defects, impurities, and pressure. We suggest that new higher temperature organic donors can be sought by finding modifications that change the frequency and stability of this boat distortion mode. 25 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. ESR studies of two new organic superconductors: {beta}``-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} and {kappa}{sub L}`-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(DBCE)

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, H.H.; VanZile, M.L.; Geiser, U.

    1996-10-01

    The normal-state ESR of two new organic superconductors, {beta}{double_prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} and {kappa}{sub L}{prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(DBCE) are reported. Both compounds showed metallic properties below 140 K. The former gave ESR line widths and g-values of 23-34 G and 2.004-2.012. The latter gave line widths and g-values of 45-58 G and 2.006-2.012. Orientation-dependent line widths and g-values of the {kappa}{sub L}{prime}-phase were found to be similar to that of the {kappa}-(ET){sub 4}Hg{sub 3}Br{sub 8} but not to the {kappa}{sub L}-phases in general.

  6. LDA+DMFT investigation of the organic charge transfer salt κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feldner, Helene; Jacko, Anthony; Rose, Eva; Dressel, Martin; Valenti, Roser; Jeschke, Harald O.

    2013-03-01

    We combine density functional theory with dynamical mean field theory for the study of organic molecular crystals using a new scheme to construct molecular Wannier functions. We calculate spectral and optical properties for the strongly correlated material κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl. The new method allows us to analyze the contributions of intradimer and interdimer contributions to the optical conductivity on the same footing. We find in agreement with experiment that strong correlations lead to a Hubbard peak in the optical conductivity.

  7. Appearance of Beating in the Shubnikov-de Haas Oscillations of the Organic Conductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2 under Pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kang, Woun; Jo, Younjung; Noh, Dong-Youn; Son, Kyung-In; Chung, Ok-Hee

    2010-04-01

    We observed beats in the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations of the interlayer magnetoresistance Rzz for the organic conductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2 pressurized at 7 kbar. Direct observation of a beat pattern is an evidence of coherence in interlayer electron transport. From the beat frequency, the amplitude of the interlayer dispersion, t\\bot/EF, was estimated to be 1/250 which doubles the previous estimation from the coherence peak at ambient pressure. In the Fourier transformation spectrum, the frequency splits in the α- and β-oscillations gave t\\bot for both orbits as 0.17± 0.01 meV.

  8. Zeeman-driven phase transition within the superconducting state of {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}.

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, J. A.; Green, E.; kuhns, P.; Reyes, A.; Brooks, J.; Schlueter, J.; Kato, R.; Yamamoto, H.; Kobayashi, M.; Brown , S. E.

    2011-08-16

    {sup 13}C nuclear magnetic resonance measurements were performed on {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}, with the external field placed parallel to the quasi-2D conducting layers. The absorption spectrum is used to determine the electronic spin polarization M{sub s} as a function of external field H at a temperature T = 0.35 K. A discontinuity in the derivative dM{sub s}/dH at an applied field of H{sub s} = 213 {+-} 3 kOe is taken as evidence for a Zeeman-driven transition within the superconducting state and stabilization of inhomogeneous superconductivity.

  9. Disorder-induced gap in the normal density of states of the organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br.

    PubMed

    Diehl, Sandra; Methfessel, Torsten; Tutsch, Ulrich; Müller, Jens; Lang, Michael; Huth, Michael; Jourdan, Martin; Elmers, Hans-Joachim

    2015-07-01

    The local density of states (DOS) of the organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br, measured by scanning tunneling spectroscopy on in situ cleaved surfaces, reveals a logarithmic suppression near the Fermi edge persisting above the critical temperature T(c). The experimentally observed suppression of the DOS is in excellent agreement with a soft Hubbard gap as predicted by the Anderson-Hubbard model for systems with disorder. The electronic disorder also explains the diminished coherence peaks of the quasi-particle DOS below T(c).

  10. Origin of the glass-like dynamics in molecular metals κ-(BEDT-TTF)2X: implications from fluctuation spectroscopy and ab initio calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller, Jens; Hartmann, Benedikt; Rommel, Robert; Brandenburg, Jens; Winter, Stephen M.; Schlueter, John A.

    2015-08-01

    We have studied the low-frequency dynamics of the charge carriers in different organic charge-transfer salts κ-(BEDT-TTF)2X with polymeric anions X by using resistance noise spectroscopy. Our aim is to investigate the structural, glass-like transition caused by the conformational degrees of freedom of the BEDT-TTF molecules’ terminal ethylene groups. Although of fundamental importance for studies of the electronic ground-state properties, the phenomenology of the glassy dynamics has been minimally investigated and its origin is not understood. Our systematic studies of fluctuation spectroscopy of various different compounds reveal a universal, pronounced maximum in the resistance noise power spectral density related to the glass transition. The energy scale of this process can be identified with the activation energy of the glass-like ethylene endgroup structural dynamics as determined from thermodynamic and NMR measurements. For the first time for this class of ‘plastic crystals’, we report a typical glassy property of the relaxation time, namely a Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann law, and are able to determine the degree of fragility of the glassy system. Supporting ab initio calculations provide an explanation for the origin and phenomenology of the glassy dynamics in different systems in terms of a simple two-level model, where the relevant energy scales are determined by the coupling of the ethylene endgroups to the anions.

  11. Non-Fermi-liquid behavior of the organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)4Hg2.89Br8 probed by C13 NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eto, Yoshihiro; Itaya, Megumi; Kawamoto, Atsushi

    2010-06-01

    An organic salt, κ-(BEDT-TTF)4Hg2.89Br8 exhibits superconductivity at 4.3 K under ambient pressure suggesting non-Fermi-liquid (NFL) behavior just above Tc . Whereas most organic superconductors are controlled by the bandwidth in the half-filled electron system, this salt realizes a carrier doping away from the half-filled electron system as well as high- Tc cuprates. In order to investigate the origin of NFL behavior, we assessed C13 -NMR measurements in this salt and observed the antiferromagnetic fluctuation as same as in an organic antiferromagnet κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl with the gap structure. Application of pressure suppresses (T1T)-1 and shifts its maximum to lower temperatures with (T1T)-1 becoming constant above 2 GPa. These results suggest that applying pressure alters the electron system from NFL to FL state and that antiferromagnetic fluctuations contribute to the origin of NFL behavior.

  12. NMR studies of phase transition form a metallic state to a Dirac-electron state in the organic system, θ-(BEDT-TTF)2I3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyagawa, Kazuya; Hirata, Michihiro; Ishikawa, Kyohei; Taniguchi, Tomotaka; Tamura, Masafumi; Kanoda, Kazushi

    2014-03-01

    The Dirac electron phase is realized in the bulk organic systems, θ and α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3. The bulky nature of the system allows one to study the Dirac electrons in the spin degrees of freedom by means of NMR (K. Miyagawa et al. JPSJ 79, 063703 (2010)). Moreover, in θ-(BEDT-TTF)2I3, the Dirac electron phase neighbors a metallic (superconducting) phase in a pressure-temperature phase diagram. To clarify how the Dirac phase emerges from the metallic state, we performed 13C NMR measurements for this material at ambient and under pressures. The angular dependence of NMR spectra demonstrates that all the molecules are equivalent (Hirata et al. PRB 85, 195146, (2012)). The temperature dependences of Knight shift and spin-lattice relaxation rate, 1/T1, hold the Korringa relation, which signifies metallicity under pressures before the transition to the Dirac phase. However, after the system undergoes a transition to the Dirac electron state, the NMR spectral shape becomes complicated indicating a structural phase transition. The analysis of the angular dependence of the NMR spectra shows the molecular arrangement changes from theta to alpha type. Supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI under Grant Nos. 20110002, 25220709 and 24654101.

  13. Coulomb enhancement of superconducting pair-pair correlations in a 3/4 -filled model for κ -(BEDT-TTF)2X

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Silva, W. Wasanthi; Gomes, N.; Mazumdar, S.; Clay, R. T.

    2016-05-01

    We present the results of precise correlated-electron calculations on the monomer lattices of the organic charge-transfer solids κ -(BEDT-TTF) 2X for 32 and 64 molecular sites. Our calculations are for band parameters corresponding to X =Cu[N (CN) 2]Cl and Cu2(CN) 3, which are semiconducting antiferromagnetic and quantum spin liquid, respectively, at ambient pressure. We have performed our calculations for variable electron densities ρ per BEDT-TTF molecule, with ρ ranging from 1 to 2. We find that d -wave superconducting pair-pair correlations are enhanced by electron-electron interactions only for a narrow carrier concentration about ρ =1.5 , which is precisely the carrier concentration where superconductivity in the charge-transfer solids occurs. Our results indicate that the enhancement in pair-pair correlations is not related to antiferromagnetic order, but to a proximate hidden spin-singlet state that manifests itself as a charge-ordered state in other charge-transfer solids. Long-range superconducting order does not appear to be present in the purely electronic model, suggesting that electron-phonon interactions also must play a role in a complete theory of superconductivity.

  14. Optical investigations of the superconducting energy gap in b00-(BEDT-TTF)2SF5CH2CF2SO3

    SciTech Connect

    Kaiser, S.; Yasin, S.; Drichko, N.; Dressel, M.; Room, T.; Huvonen, D.; Nagel, U.; Gard, G. L.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2012-01-01

    The organic salt {beta}''-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} is a two-dimensional metal with a quarter-filled conduction band. In the metallic state the optical conductivity evidences interaction of the charge carriers with charge-order fluctuations that become stronger as temperature decreases. In the superconducting phase below T{sub c} {approx} 5K, indications of the superconducting gap with 2{Delta} {approx} 12 cm{sup -1} are observed in the optical spectrum, corresponding to 2{Delta}/k{sub B}T{sub c} {approx} 3.3. Its temperature and magnetic field dependences are also consistent with predictions by the BCS theory of a weakly coupled superconductor. The conductivity ratio {sigma}{sub 1}(T = 1.75 K)/{sigma}{sub 1}(10 K) indicates the opening of the superconducting gap in {beta}''-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}.

  15. Non-fermi liquid behavior of the organic superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)4Hg2.89Br8 probed by 13C-NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eto, Yoshihiro; Itaya, Megumi; Kawamoto, Atsushi

    2010-06-01

    We assessed 13C-NMR measurements in an organic salt, κ-(BEDT-TTF)4Hg2.89Br8, which exhibits superconductivity at 4.3 K under ambient pressure. We observed that (T1T)-1 of H // and ⊥ layer at ambient pressure increased as the temperature was decreased to 7 K, but decreased further at lower temperatures, suggesting that the decrease of (T1T)-1 was not due to the superconductive fluctuations, but due to the magnetism of the conduction electrons. Application of pressure suppresses (T1T)-1, with (T1T)-1 becoming constant above 2 GPa. These results suggest that applying pressure alters the electron system from a non-Fermi liquid (NFL) to a Fermi liquid (FL) state and that antiferromagnetic fluctuations contribute to the origin of NFL behavior. Whereas most organic conductors show Fermi liquid behavior, this salt is an organic superconductor that shows NFL behavior due to the antiferromagnetic fluctuations.

  16. Comparative study of magnetotransport properties and structural features of the organic superconductors κ'-(BEDT-TTF) 2Cu[N(CN) 2]X, where X = Cl, Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zverev, Vladimir; Manakov, Andrey; Khasanov, Salavat; Shibaeva, Rimma; Kushch, Natalia; Kazakova, Anna; Yagubskii, Eduard

    2008-12-01

    The crystal structure, the resistivity and the upper critical field of radical cation salts κ'-(BEDT-TTF) 2Cu[N(CN) 2]X, where X = Cl, Br (κ'-X hereafter), have been studied. Both κ'-Br and κ'-Cl samples were superconductors with Tc lying in the interval 11.3-11.9 K and had the unit cell volume smaller than that for κ-Br and κ-Cl, respectively. The temperature dependence of interlayer resistivity ρ⊥ for κ'-Br is characterized by the hump lying in the temperature interval 35-100 K. For κ'-Cl ρ⊥ is considerably smaller and goes down monotonously with the temperature. The curves Hcr( T) for all crystals demonstrate a non-BCS-behaviour for both in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic field orientations.

  17. Spin excitations in the quasi-two-dimensional charge-ordered insulator α -(BEDT-TTF ) 2I3 probed via 13C NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishikawa, Kyohei; Hirata, Michihiro; Liu, Dong; Miyagawa, Kazuya; Tamura, Masafumi; Kanoda, Kazushi

    2016-08-01

    The spin excitations from the nonmagnetic charge-ordered insulating state of α -(BEDT-TTF ) 2I3 at ambient pressure have been investigated by probing the static and low-frequency dynamic spin susceptibilities via site-selective nuclear magnetic resonance at 13C sites. The site-dependent values of the shift and the spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 /T1 below the charge-ordering transition temperature (TCO≈135 K ) demonstrate a spin density imbalance in the unit cell, in accord with the charge-density ratio reported earlier. The shift and 1 /T1 show activated temperature dependence with a static (shift) gap ΔS≈47 -52 meV and a dynamic (1 /T1 ) gap ΔR≈40 meV . The sizes of the gaps are well described in terms of a localized spin model, where spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic dimer chains are weakly coupled with each other.

  18. Role of layer packing for the electronic properties of the organic superconductor (BEDT-TTF ) 2Ag (CF3)4(TCE )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altmeyer, Michaela; Valentí, Roser; Jeschke, Harald O.

    2015-06-01

    The charge-transfer compound (BEDT-TTF ) 2Ag (CF3)4(TCE ) crystallizes in three polymorphs with different alternating layers: While a phase with a κ packing motif has a low superconducting transition temperature of Tc=2.6 K , two phases with higher Tc of 9.5 and 11 K are multilayered structures consisting of α' and κ layers. We investigate these three systems within density functional theory and find that the α' layer shows different degrees of charge order for the two κ -α' systems and directly influences the electronic behavior of the conducting κ layer. We discuss the origin of the distinct behavior of the three polymorphs and propose a minimal tight-binding Hamiltonian for the description of these systems based on projective molecular Wannier functions.

  19. Magnetic-field induced crossover of superconducting percolation regimes in the layered organic Mott system {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl.

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller, J.; Brandenberg, J.; Schlueter, J. A.; Materials Science Division; Max Planck Inst. for Chemical Physics of Solids

    2009-01-01

    Fluctuation spectroscopy is used to investigate the organic bandwidth-controlled Mott system {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl. We find evidence for percolative-type superconductivity in the spatially inhomogeneous coexistence region of antiferromagnetic insulating and superconducting states. When the superconducting transition is driven by a magnetic field, percolation seems to be dominated by instable superconducting clusters upon approaching T{sub c}(B) from above, before a 'classical' type of percolation is resumed at low fields, dominated by the fractional change of superconducting clusters. The 1/f noise is resolved into Lorentzian spectra in the crossover region, where the action of an individual fluctuator is enhanced, pointing to a mesoscopic phase separation.

  20. Topological Domain Wall and Valley Hall Effect in Charge Ordered Phase of Molecular Dirac Fermion System α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsuno, Genki; Omori, Yukiko; Eguchi, Takaaki; Kobayashi, Akito

    2016-09-01

    The topological domain wall and valley Hall effect are theoretically investigated in the molecular conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3. By using the mean-field theory in an extended Hubbard model, it is demonstrated under a cylinder boundary condition that a domain wall emerges in the charge ordered phase, and exhibits a topological nature near the phase transition to the massless Dirac Fermion phase. The topological nature is well characterized by the Berry curvature, which has opposite signs in two charge ordered phases divided by the domain wall, and gives rise to the valley Hall conductivity with opposite signs, enabling these phases to be distinguished. It is also found that the valley Hall conductivity in the tilted Dirac cones exhibits a characteristic double-peak structure as a function of chemical potential using the semi classical formalism.

  1. Structural and electronic control of the metal to insulator transition and local orderings in the θ-(BEDT-TTF)2X organic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alemany, Pere; Pouget, Jean-Paul; Canadell, Enric

    2015-11-01

    A first-principles density functional theory (DFT) study of θ -(BEDT-TTF)2X molecular conductors with X  =  I3, CsCo(SCN)4 (ambient pressure, 7.5 kbar and 10 kbar), CsZn(SCN)4, TlCo(SCN)4, RbCo(SCN)4 and RbZn(SCN)4 (220 K and 90 K) is reported. It is shown that these salts exhibit three different types of band structure each of them associated with a different physical behavior. In contrast with previous proposals it is found that the key electronic parameter behind the differences in the band structures is the intrastack transfer integral, t c . A new mechanism for the metal to insulator transition in the θ -(BEDT-TTF)2MM‧(SCN)4 (\\text{M}=\\text{Rb} , Tl; {{\\text{M}}\\prime}=\\text{Zn} , Co) salts is proposed, where an order-disorder structural transition of the ethylenedithio groups doubling the periodicity along the stack direction drives the system into an electronically pseudo-1D system along the interstack direction that is subject to a 4k F charge localization of holes. The structural rearrangement is such that the holes are not distributed equally between the two donors; the larger hole density is associated with the B donors which establish the strongest hydrogen bonds with the anion layers. A detailed microscopic description of how disorder of the ethylenedithio groups, the θ dihedral angle and the electronic structure intermingle and lead to the unusual phase diagram of these salts is presented. In this framework the role of pressure and uniaxial strain in controlling the physical behavior of these salts is discussed.

  2. Correlation Effects on Charge Order and Zero-Gap State in the Organic Conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanaka, Yasuhiro; Ogata, Masao

    2016-10-01

    The effects of electron correlation in the quasi-two-dimensional organic conductor \\alpha-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 are investigated theoretically by using an extended Hubbard model with on-site and nearest-neighbor Coulomb interactions. A variational Monte Carlo method is applied to study its ground-state properties. We show that there appears a nonmagnetic horizontal-stripe charge order in which nearest-neighbor correlation functions indicate a tendency toward a spin-singlet formation on the bonds with large transfer integrals along the charge-rich stripe. Under uniaxial pressure, a first-order transition from the nonmagnetic charge order to a zero-gap state occurs. Our results on a spin correlation length in the charge-ordered state suggest that a spin gap is almost unaffected by the uniaxial pressure in spite of the suppression of the charge disproportionation. The relevance of these contrasting behaviors in spin and charge degrees of freedom to recent experimental observations is discussed.

  3. Determination of the Fermi velocity by angle-dependent periodic orbit resonance measurements in the organic conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2KHg(SCN)4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovalev, A. E.; Hill, S.; Qualls, J. S.

    2002-10-01

    We report on detailed angle-dependent studies of the microwave (ν=50-90 GHz) interlayer magnetoelectrodynamics of a single crystal sample of the organic charge-density-wave (CDW) conductor α-(BEDT-TTF)2KHg(SCN)4. Recently developed instrumentation enables both magnetic-field (B) sweeps for a fixed sample orientation and angle sweeps at fixed ν/B. We observe series' of resonant absorptions, which we attribute to periodic orbit resonances (POR)-a phenomenon closely related to cyclotron resonance. The angle dependence of the POR indicates that they are associated with the low-temperature quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) Fermi surface (FS) of the title compound; indeed, all of the resonance peaks collapse onto a single set of ν/B versus angle curves, generated using a semiclassical magnetotransport theory for a single Q1D FS. We show that Q1D POR measurements provide one of the most direct methods for determining the Fermi velocity, without any detailed assumptions concerning the band structure; our analysis yields an average value of vF=6.5×104 m/s. Quantitative analysis of the POR harmonic content indicates that the Q1D FS is strongly corrugated. This is consistent with the assumption that the low-temperature FS derives from a reconstruction of the high-temperature quasi-two-dimensional FS, caused by the CDW instability. Detailed analysis of the angle dependence of the POR yields parameters associated with the CDW superstructure, which are consistent with published results. Finally, we address the issue as to whether or not the interlayer electrodynamics are coherent in the title compound. We obtain a relaxation time from the POR linewidths, which is considerably longer than the interlayer hopping time, indicating that the transport in this direction is coherent.

  4. Experimental and semiempirical method to determine the Pauli-limiting field in quasi-two-dimensional superconductors as applied to κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2: strong evidence of a FFLO state

    SciTech Connect

    Agosta, C. C.; Jin, J.; Coniglio, W. A.; Smith, B. E.; Cho, K.; Mihut, I.; Martin, C.; Tozer, S. W.; Murphy, T. P.; Palm, E. C.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kurmoo, M.

    2012-01-01

    We present upper critical field data for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} with the magnetic field close to parallel and parallel to the conducting layers. We show that we can eliminate the effect of vortex dynamics in these layered materials if the layers are oriented within 0.3-inch of parallel to the applied magnetic field. Eliminating vortex effects leaves one remaining feature in the data that corresponds to the Pauli paramagnetic limit (H{sub p}). We propose a semiempirical method to calculate the H{sub p} in quasi-2D superconductors. This method takes into account the energy gap of each of the quasi-2D superconductors, which is calculated from specific-heat data, and the influence of many-body effects. The calculated Pauli paramagnetic limits are then compared to critical field data for the title compound and other organic conductors. Many of the examined quasi-2D superconductors, including the above organic superconductors and CeCoIn{sub 5}, exhibit upper critical fields that exceed their calculated H{sub p} suggesting unconventional superconductivity. We show that the high-field low-temperature state in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} is consistent with the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state.

  5. Static and dynamic interaction between π and d electrons in organic superconductor β″-(BEDT-TTF)4[(H3O ) Fe (C2O4)3] .C6H5Br studied by 13C NMR spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ihara, Y.; Futami, Y.; Kawamoto, A.; Matsui, K.; Goto, T.; Sasaki, T.; Benmansour, S.; Gómez-García, C. J.

    2016-08-01

    We present the results of 13C NMR experiments in an organic superconductor with localized Fe spins β″-(BEDT-TTF) 4[(H3O ) Fe (C2O4)3] .C6H5Br . We reveal the antiferromagnetic coupling between Fe d spins and π spins, which creates an exchange field antiparallel to the external field direction at the π electrons. In addition to the static effects of Fe spins, we show from the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate measurement that the magnetic fluctuations generated by Fe spins are suppressed at low temperatures and high magnetic fields. These conditions are suitable to stabilize the field-induced superconductivity by the field compensation mechanism. After the suppression of Fe-spin dynamics by a magnetic field of 19 T, we observed the underlying π -electron contribution. We discuss a possible anomaly in the π -electron system.

  6. The current-density dependence U(J) of the activation energy for the motion of Abrikosov vortices in the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl{sub 0.5}Br{sub 0.5}

    SciTech Connect

    Primenko, A.E.; Kuznetsov, V.D.; Metlushko, V.V.

    1995-02-01

    The authors have investigated the thermally activated motion of flux in the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl{sub 0.5}Br{sub 0.5} over a wide range of current densities J, and have obtained the dependence of the activation energy U for this motion on current density. 21 refs., 2 figs.

  7. Sudden slowing down of charge carrier dynamics at the Mott metal-insulator transition in kappa-(D{sub 8}-BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br.

    SciTech Connect

    Brandenburg, J.; Muller, J.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2012-02-01

    We investigate the dynamics of correlated charge carriers in the vicinity of the Mott metal-insulator (MI) transition in the quasi-two-dimensional organic charge-transfer salt {kappa}-(D{sub 8}-BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br by means of fluctuation (noise) spectroscopy. The observed 1/f-type fluctuations are quantitatively very well described by a phenomenological model based on the concept of non-exponential kinetics. The main result is a correlation-induced enhancement of the fluctuations accompanied by a substantial shift of spectral weight to low frequencies in the vicinity of the Mott critical endpoint. This sudden slowing down of the electron dynamics, observed here in a pure Mott system, may be a universal feature of MI transitions. Our findings are compatible with an electronic phase separation in the critical region of the phase diagram and offer an explanation for the not yet understood absence of effective mass enhancement when crossing the Mott transition.

  8. Magnetic field, frequency and temperature dependence of complex conductance of ultrathin La1.65Sr0.45CuO4/La2CuO4 films and the organic superconductors κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br

    SciTech Connect

    V. A. Gasparov; Bozovic, I.; He, Xi; Dubuis, G.; Pavuna, D.; Kushch, N. D.; Yagubskii, E. B.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2015-09-01

    In this study, we used atomic-layer molecular beam epitaxy (ALL-MBE) to synthesize bilayer films of a cuprate metal (La1.65Sr0.45CuO4) and a cuprate insulator (La2CuO4), in which interface superconductivity occurs in a layer that is just one-half unit cell thick. We have studied the magnetic field and temperature dependence of the complex sheet conductance, σ(ω), of these films, and compared them to κκ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br single crystals. The magnetic field H was applied both parallel and perpendicular to the 2D conducting layers. Experiments have been carried out at frequencies between 23 kHz and 50 MHz using either two-coil mutual inductance technique, or the LC resonators with spiral or rectangular coils. The real and the imaginary parts of the mutual-inductance M(T,ω) between the coil and the sample were measured and converted to complex conductivity. For H perpendicular to the conducting layers, we observed almost identical behavior in both films and κ-Br single crystals: (i) the transition onset in the inductive response, Lk–1(T) occurs at a temperature lower by 2 K than in Re σ(T), (ii) this shift is almost constant with magnetic field up to 8 T; (iii) the vortex diffusion constant D(T) is exponential due to pinning of vortex cores. These results can be described by the extended dynamic theory of the Berezinski–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) transition and dynamics of bound vortex–antivortex pairs with short separation lengths.

  9. Magnetic field, frequency and temperature dependence of complex conductance of ultrathin La1.65Sr0.45CuO4/La2CuO4 films and the organic superconductors κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br

    DOE PAGESBeta

    V. A. Gasparov; Bozovic, I.; He, Xi; Dubuis, G.; Pavuna, D.; Kushch, N. D.; Yagubskii, E. B.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2015-09-01

    In this study, we used atomic-layer molecular beam epitaxy (ALL-MBE) to synthesize bilayer films of a cuprate metal (La1.65Sr0.45CuO4) and a cuprate insulator (La2CuO4), in which interface superconductivity occurs in a layer that is just one-half unit cell thick. We have studied the magnetic field and temperature dependence of the complex sheet conductance, σ(ω), of these films, and compared them to κκ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br single crystals. The magnetic field H was applied both parallel and perpendicular to the 2D conducting layers. Experiments have been carried out at frequencies between 23 kHz and 50 MHz using either two-coil mutual inductance technique, or themore » LC resonators with spiral or rectangular coils. The real and the imaginary parts of the mutual-inductance M(T,ω) between the coil and the sample were measured and converted to complex conductivity. For H perpendicular to the conducting layers, we observed almost identical behavior in both films and κ-Br single crystals: (i) the transition onset in the inductive response, Lk–1(T) occurs at a temperature lower by 2 K than in Re σ(T), (ii) this shift is almost constant with magnetic field up to 8 T; (iii) the vortex diffusion constant D(T) is exponential due to pinning of vortex cores. These results can be described by the extended dynamic theory of the Berezinski–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) transition and dynamics of bound vortex–antivortex pairs with short separation lengths.« less

  10. Magnetic field, frequency and temperature dependence of complex conductance of ultrathin La1.65Sr0.45CuO4/La2CuO4 films and the organic superconductors κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gasparov, V. A.; He, Xi; Dubuis, G.; Pavuna, D.; Kushch, N. D.; Yagubskii, E. B.; Schlueter, J. A.; Bozovic, I.

    2015-09-01

    We used atomic-layer molecular beam epitaxy (ALL-MBE) to synthesize bilayer films of a cuprate metal (La1.65Sr0.45CuO4, LSCO) and a cuprate insulator (La2CuO4, LCO), in which interface superconductivity occurs in a layer that is just one-half unit cell thick. We have studied the magnetic field and temperature dependence of the complex sheet conductance, σ(ω), of these films, and compared them to κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br single crystals. The magnetic field H was applied both parallel and perpendicular to the 2D conducting layers. Experiments have been carried out at frequencies between 23 kHz and 50 MHz using either two-coil mutual inductance technique, or the LC resonators with spiral or rectangular coils. The real and the imaginary parts of the mutual-inductance M(T,ω) between the coil and the sample were measured and converted to complex conductivity. For H perpendicular to the conducting layers, we observed almost identical behavior in both films and κ-Br single crystals: (i) the transition onset in the inductive response, Lk-1(T) occurs at a temperature lower by 2 K than in Reσ(T), (ii) this shift is almost constant with magnetic field up to 8 T; (iii) the vortex diffusion constant D(T) is exponential due to pinning of vortex cores. These results can be described by the extended dynamic theory of the Berezinski-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition and dynamics of bound vortex-antivortex pairs with short separation lengths.

  11. 1/f noise in the superconducting state of quasi-two-dimensional organic conductors (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X - a comparative study.

    SciTech Connect

    Muller, J.; Brandenbrug, J.; Schlueter, J. A.; Gard, G. L.; Materials Science Division; Goethe Univ.; Max-Planck-Inst. for Chemical Physics of Solids; Portland State Univ.

    2010-01-01

    We report on resistance noise spectroscopy measurements in the superconducting state of two quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductors. The superconducting state of {beta}{double_prime}-(ET){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} is homogeneous, whereas {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl under pressure is located in the inhomogeneous region of the phase diagram, where antiferromanetic/insulating and superconducting phases coexist. For the latter material, the finite noise level even well below T{sub c} is understood in the framework of a random resistor network. Furthermore, the noise provides evidence for percolation-type superconductivity. For homogeneous {beta}{double_prime}-(ET){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3}, however, no indications of percolation effects are found: the noise in the superconducting state vanishes and the normalized noise level S{sub R}/R{sup 2} is generally one order of magnitude lower.

  12. Evidence of Andreev bound states as a hallmark of the FFLO phase in κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayaffre, H.; Krämer, S.; Horvatić, M.; Berthier, C.; Miyagawa, K.; Kanoda, K.; Mitrović, V. F.

    2014-12-01

    Superconductivity is a quantum phenomenon arising, in its simplest form, from the pairing of fermions with opposite spin into a state with zero net momentum. Whether superconductivity can occur in fermionic systems with an unequal number of two species distinguished by spin or flavour presents an important open question in condensed-matter physics or quantum chromodynamics. In condensed matter the imbalance between spin-up and spin-down electrons that form the Cooper pairs is induced by the magnetic field. Such an imbalanced system can lead to exotic superconductivity in which pairs acquire finite momentum. This momentum leads to a spatially inhomogeneous state consisting of periodically alternating `normal' and `superconducting' regions. Here, we establish that the hallmark of this state is the appearance of spatially localized and spin-polarized quasiparticles forming the so-called Andreev bound states (ABS). These are detected through our nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements.

  13. Fermi Surface Study of Quasi-Two-Dimensional Organic Conductors by Magnetooptical Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oshima, Yugo; Ohta, Hitoshi; Koyama, Keiichi; Motokawa, Mituhiro; Yamamoto, Hiroshi M.; Kato, Reizo; Tamura, Masafumi; Nishio, Yutaka; Kajita, Koji

    2003-01-01

    Magnetooptical measurements of several quasi-two-dimensional (q2D) organic conductors, which have simple Fermi surface structure, have been performed by using a cavity perturbation technique. Despite of the simple Fermi surface structure, magnetooptical resonance results show a dramatic difference for each sample. Cyclotron resonances (CR) were observed for θ-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 and (BEDT-TTF)3Br(pBIB), while periodic orbit resonances (POR) were observed for (BEDT-TTF)2Br(DIA) and (BEDT-TTF)3Cl(DFBIB). The selection of the resonance seems to correspond with the skin depth for each sample. The effective mass of POR seems to have a mass enhancement due to the many-body effect, while effective mass of CR is independent of the strength of the electron-electron interaction. The scattering time deduced from each resonance’s linewidth will be also presented.

  14. Dielectric Properties of Organic Charge-Transfer Salts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fischer, J. K. H.; Lunkenheimer, P.; Krohns, S.; Manna, R. S.; Hartmann, B.; Schubert, H.; Lang, M.; Müller, J.; Schlueter, J. A.; Mézière, C.; Batail, P.; Loidl, A.

    The BEDT-TTF-based charge-transfer salts have attracted considerable attention due to their often intriguing dielectric properties. An example is κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl. It was recently found to exhibit multiferroicity, for which a new electric-dipole driven mechanism was proposed. The polar moment in this system was suggested to arise from the dimerization of the BEDT-TTF molecules, combined with charge order. Another interesting recent example is α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3, which shows the signature of relaxor-ferroelectric behavior. Here, we will present an overview of the dielectric properties of the above systems and provide new results on κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Hg(SCN)2Cl, which also seems to show relaxor-ferroelectric behavior in its charge-ordered state. In addition, we present measurements of δ-(EDT-TTF-CONMe2)2Br. This compound lacks dimerization, but exhibits charge order already at room temperature.

  15. Evidence for charge order in organic superconductors obtained by vibrational spectrosocopy.

    SciTech Connect

    Drichko, N.; Kaiser, S.; Sun, Y.; Clauss, C.; Dressel, M.; Mori, H.; Schlueter, J.; Zhyliaeva, E. I.; Torunova, S. A.; Lyubovskaya, R. N.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Stuttgart; Ioffe Physico-Technical Inst.; Univ. of Tokyo; Russian Academy of Science

    2009-01-01

    We study charge disproportionation in few quasi-two-dimensional BEDT-TTF-based compounds by following the temperature dependence of a charge-sensitive vibration v{sub 27}(B{sub 1u}) of BEDT-TTF molecule. While in a charge ordered insulator {theta}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}RbZn(SCN){sub 4} a difference between charge on the lattice sites is as high as 0.6e, a small charge disproportionation of 0.15-0.2e is found in two metallic compounds that become superconducting at low temperatures {beta}{double_prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SF{sub 5}CH{sub 2}CF{sub 2}SO{sub 3} and {beta}-(EDT-TTF){sub 4}[Hg{sub 3}I{sub 8}]{sub (1-x)}. In contrast to these, a pure metallic {beta}{double_prime}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}SO{sub 3}CHFSF{sub 5} does not show any presence of charge disproportionation. This study suggests a correlation between a slight charge disproportionation in the metallic state and superconductivity.

  16. Development of the High Field Magneto-Optical Measurement System with a Rotational Cavity for the Study of Organic Conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimata, M.; Ohta, H.; Koyama, K.; Oshima, Y.; Motokawa, M.; Yamamoto, H. M.; Kato, R.

    2005-04-01

    We have developed a new magneto-optical measurement system with a rotational cavity. It consists of a millimeter vector network analyzer and a 15T solenoid type superconducting magnet and it can go down to 1.5 K. The rotational cavity can be used in the transmission configuration and the rotation can be performed up to almost 360 degrees in 1 degree precision. We will show the magneto-optical measurement results of β"-(BEDT-TTF)(TCNQ) using our new system. We observe the quasi-two-dimensional periodic orbit resonance (POR) in β"-(BEDT-TTF)(TCNQ). The Fermi surfaces of this system will be discussed.

  17. Development of the High Field Magneto-Optical Measurement System with a Rotational Cavity for the Study of Organic Conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimata, M.; Ohta, H.; Koyama, K.; Oshima, Y.; Motokawa, M.; Yamamoto, H. M.; Kato, R.

    We have developed a new magneto-optical measurement system with a rotational cavity. It consists of a millimeter vector network analyzer and a 15T solenoid type superconducting magnet and it can go down to 1.5 K. The rotational cavity can be used in the transmission configuration and the rotation can be performed up to almost 360 degrees in 1 degree precision. We will show the magneto-optical measurement results of β"-(BEDT-TTF)(TCNQ) using our new system. We observe the quasi-two-dimensional periodic orbit resonance (POR) in β"-(BEDT-TTF) (TCNQ). The Fermi surfaces of this system will be discussed.

  18. Pressure dependence of the conduction-electron-spin-resonance linewidth of the α and β phases of di-bis(ethylene- diothiolo)tetrathiafulvalene triiodide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forró, L.; Sekretarczyk, G.; Krupski, M.; Schweitzer, D.; Keller, H.

    1987-02-01

    We report conduction-electron-spin-resonance linewidth (ΔH) measurements of the α and β phases of the organic conductor di-bis(ethylenediothiolo)tetrathiafulvalene triiodide [(BEDT-TTF)2I3] in the 80-300 K temperature range under applied pressures of up to 5 kbar. ΔH increases under pressure in contrast to the predictions of the Elliot formula for the spin relaxation in metals. The pressure derivative d(lnΔH)/dP is -5.5+/-1%/kbar and 9.8+/-1%/kbar for the α and β phases of (BEDT-TTF)2I3 respectively.

  19. Possible Frohlich superconductivity in strong magnetic fields.

    SciTech Connect

    Mielke, C. H.; Harrison, N.; Ardavan, A.; Goddard, P.; Singleton, J.; Narduzzo, A.; Montgomery, Lawrence; Balicas, L.; Brooks, J. S.; Tokumoto, M.

    2001-01-01

    A brief review of some of the arguments pointing towards the possibility of organic conductors of the form {alpha}-(BEDT-TTF)&J3g(SCN)4 (where M=K, T1 and Rb) being candidates for Frohlich superconductivity is given.

  20. Antiferromagnetic fluctuations in a quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor detected by Raman spectroscopy.

    SciTech Connect

    Drichko, Natalia; Hackl, Rudi; Schlueter, John A.

    2015-10-15

    Using Raman scattering, the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Br (T-c = 11.8 K) and the related antiferromagnet kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Cl are studied. Raman scattering provides unique spectroscopic information about magnetic degrees of freedom that has been otherwise unavailable on such organic conductors. Below T = 200 K a broad band at about 500 cm(-1) develops in both compounds. We identify this band with two-magnon excitation. The position and the temperature dependence of the spectral weight are similar in the antiferromagnet and in the metallic Fermi liquid. We conclude that antiferromagnetic correlations are similarly present in the magnetic insulator and the Fermi-liquid state of the superconductor.

  1. Vibrational studies of {sup 13}C- and {sup 34}S-labelled bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (ET) donor molecule

    SciTech Connect

    Ferraro, J.R.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M.; Stout, P.

    1994-06-01

    FT-IR and FT-Raman studies of {sup 13}C- and {sup 34}S-labelled bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF or ET) electron-donor molecules were made and the results presented herein. Assignments for fundamental vibrations in ET were verified. Spectral data confirms that ET has no center-of-symmetry, and that the data can be reconciled by a D-type point group with only slight interactions occurring between the 4 molecules per unit cell.

  2. TOPICAL REVIEW: Magneto-optical studies of low-dimensional organic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohta, Hitoshi; Kimata, Motoi; Oshima, Yugo

    2009-04-01

    Our periodic orbit resonance (POR) results on quasi-two-dimensional (q2D), highly anisotropic q2D and quasi-one-dimensional (q1D) organic conductors are reviewed together with our rotational cavity magneto-optical measurement system. Higher order POR up to seventh order has been observed in the q2D system (BEDT-TTF)2Br(DIA), and the experimental conditions to observe POR and the cyclotron resonance (CR) are discussed. Highly anisotropic q2D Fermi surface (FS) in β''-(BEDT-TTF)(TCNQ), which was considered to have q1D FS previously, is proposed by our POR measurements, and the possible interpretations of other experimental results of β''-(BEDT-TTF)(TCNQ) are discussed assuming the highly anisotropic q2D FS. Finally, detailed q1D FS of (DMET)2I3, obtained from our POR results, is discussed in connection with the typical q1D system (TMTSF)2ClO4.

  3. Charge fluctuation, charge ordering, and zero-gap state in organic conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Toshihiro

    2012-06-01

    We have carried out a series of measurements of angular dependence of solid-state NMR spectrum using single crystal samples on various organic molecular conductors, in order to investigate the natures of the electronic states at low temperatures. We confirmed a charge ordered insulating state in α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 and large charge disproportionation in the metallic state of this salt. In another charge ordered system, θ-(BEDT-TTF)2RbZn(SCN)4, we observed unusual NMR line broadening, proportional to resonance shift, in the metallic state above the transition. We found that this broadening is due to charge disproportionation, or more correctly, due to the inhomogeneity of local susceptibility at nuclear sites and analyzed its dynamics. We observed similar broadening in various organic molecular conductors as well, such as θ-(BEDT-TTF)2CsZn(SCN)4, an exotic Bechgaad salt, (TMTSF)2FSO3, and λ-type BETS salts, λ-(BETS)2(Fe,Ga)Cl4. We found the mechanism of CD in each system is different, respectively.

  4. Local Spin Susceptibility of α-D2I3 (D = bis(ethylendithio)tetraselenafulvalene (BETS) and bis(ethylendithio)dithiadiselenafulvalene (BEDT-STF)) Studied by 77Se NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiraki, Ko-ichi; Harada, Shiro; Arai, Kenichi; Takano, Yoshiki; Takahashi, Toshihiro; Tajima, Naoya; Kato, Reizo; Naito, Toshio

    2011-01-01

    We performed static susceptibility and 77Se NMR measurements on α-(BETS)2I3 and α-(BEDT-STF)2I3 which are analogues of the ``zero gap'' system, α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 to systematically compare the electronic properties of the α-type I3 systems, where BETS, BEDT-STF, and BEDT-TTF are bis(ethylendithio)tetraselenafulvalene, bis (ethylendithio)dithiadiselenafulvalene, and bis(ethylendithio)tetrathiafulvalene, respectively. From the analysis of the NMR lineshape for a polycrystalline sample at high temperatures, which are explained as an admixture of several powder patterns, we found that the local spin susceptibility is not uniform but at least one of the molecular sites has very small susceptibility. It was confirmed from single crystal data that there are three kinds of molecules with different local susceptibilities in a unit cell. The analysis of the angular dependence on a single crystal clarified that the relative magnitude of the local susceptibilities of A, B, and C molecules, χlocA, χlocB, and χlocC, are similar to those of the BEDT-TTF salt; χlocC > χlocA > χlocB. On the contrary, the temperature dependence of spin susceptibility and relaxation rate suggested a gap opening well above the metal--insulator transition, whereas no indication of symmetry breaking of the lattice was detected.

  5. Charge disproportionation, everywhere!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, T.; Hiraki, K.; Moroto, S.; Tajima, N.; Takano, Y.; Kubo, Y.; Satsukawa, H.; Chiba, R.; Yamamoto, H. M.; Kato, R.; Naito, T.

    2005-12-01

    Charge disproportionation (CD) recently observed in many organic conductors is reviewed. CD is closely related to the charge ordering (CO) but is observed even when no long range CO is established. In a θ -phase BEDT-TTF salt, (BEDT-TTF){2}RbZn(SCN){4}, an extremely slow dynamics of CD has been observed above T_MI. A similar phenomenon is also observed in the Cs-analog, (BEDT-TTF){2}CsZn(SCN){4}. However, a spin-singlet ground state without CD is suggested in this salt at low temperatures. It is shown that α -(BETS){2}I{3} exhibits CD at low temperatures, as in α -(BET-TTF){2}I{3}. Recently, an abnormal line broadening has been observed in 13C-NMR of (TMTSF){2}FSO{3} under pressure as well as in 77Se-NMR of λ-(BETS){2}FeCl{4} in a high field. We expect that both are very likely caused by a large CD among the organic molecular sites. The current investigation is a part of a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas of Molecular Conductors (No. 15073221) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, and the “Japan-Korea Joint Research Project” from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (03-01-8) and Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (F01-2003-000-20023-0).

  6. Attractive mechanical properties of a lightweight highly sensitive bi layer thermistor: polycarbonate/organic molecular conductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laukhina, E.; Lebedev, V.; Rovira, C.; Laukhin, V.; Veciana, J.

    2016-03-01

    The paper covers some of the basic mechanical characteristics of a recently developed bi layer thermistor: polycarbonate/(001) oriented layer of organic molecular conductor α’-(BEDT-TTF)2IxBr3-x, were BEDT-TTF=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalen. The nano and macro mechanical properties have been studied in order to use this flexible, low cost thermistor in sensing applications by proper way. The nano-mechanical properties of the temperature sensitive semiconducting layer of α’-(BEDT-TTF)2IxBr3-x were tested using nanoindentation method. The value of Young's modulus in direction being perpendicular to the layer plan was found as 9.0 ±1.4 GPa. The macro mechanical properties of the thermistor were studied using a 5848 MicroTester. The tensile tests showed that basic mechanical characteristics of the thermistor are close to those of polycarbonate films. This indicates a good mechanical strength of the developed sensor. Therefore, the thermistor can be used in technologies that need to be instrumented with highly robustness lightweight low cost temperature sensors. The paper also reports synthetic details on fabricating temperature sensing e-textile. As the temperature control is becoming more and more important in biomedical technologies like healthcare monitoring, this work strongly contributes on the ongoing research on engineering sensitive conducting materials for biomedical applications.

  7. Images of interlayer Josephson vortices in single-layer cuprates

    SciTech Connect

    Moler, K. A.; Kirtley, J. R.; Liang, R.; Bonn, D. A.; Hardy, W. N.; Williams, J. M.; Schlueter, J. A.; Hinks, D.; Villard, G.; Maignan, A.; Nohara, M.; Takagi, H.

    2000-03-01

    The interlayer penetration depth in layered superconductors may be determined from scanning Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) microscope images of interlayer Josephson vortices. The authors compare their findings at 4 K for single crystals of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} and three near-optimally doped cuprate superconductors: La{sub 2{minus}x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}, (Hg, Cu)Ba{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}}, and Tl{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}CuO{sub 6+{delta}}.

  8. Thermal-transport studies on two-dimensional quantum spin liquids.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Minoru; Shibauchi, Takasada; Matsuda, Yuji

    2012-01-16

    Quantum spin liquids (QSLs) are fluidlike states of quantum spins in which the long-range ordered state is destroyed by quantum fluctuations. The ground state of QSLs and their exotic phenomena, which have been extensively discussed for decades, have yet to be identified. We employ thermal-transport measurements on newly discovered QSL candidates κ-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu(2)(CN)(3) and EtMe(3)Sb[Pd(dmit)(2)](2), and report that the two organic insulators have different QSLs characterized by different elementary excitations. In κ-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu(2)(CN)(3), heat transport is thermally activated at low temperatures, and this suggests the presence of a spin gap in this QSL. In stark contrast, in EtMe(3)Sb[Pd(dmit)(2)](2), a sizable linear temperature dependence of thermal conductivity is clearly resolved in the zero-temperature limit, and shows gapless excitation with a long mean free path (ca. 1000 lattice distances). Such a long mean free path demonstrates a novel feature of QSL as a quantum-condensed state with long-distance coherence. PMID:22012837

  9. Silk/nano-material hybrid: properties and functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steven, Eden; Lebedev, Victor; Laukhina, Elena; Laukhin, Vladimir; Alamo, Rufina G.; Rovira, Concepcio; Veciana, Jaume; Brooks, James S.

    2014-03-01

    Silk continues to emerge as a material of interest in electronics. In this work, the interaction between silk and conducting nano-materials are investigated. Simple fabrication methods, physical, electronic, thermal, and actuation properties are reported for spider silk / carbon nanotube (CNT-SS) and Bombyx mori / (BEDT-TTF)-based organic molecular conductor hybrids (ET-S). The CNT-SS fibers are produced via water and shear assisted method, resulting in fibers that are tough, custom-shapeable, flexible, and electrically conducting. For ET-S bilayer films, a layer transfer technique is developed to deposit linked crystallites of (BEDT-TTF)2I3 molecular conductor onto silk films, generating highly piezoresistive semi-transparent films. In both cases, the hybridization allows us to gain additional functions by harnessing the water-dependent properties of silk materials, for example, as humidity sensor and electrical current- or water-driven actuators. SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and resistance measurements under varying temperature, strain, and relative humidity reveal the synergistic interactions between the bio- and nano-materials. E.S. is supported by NSF-DMR 1005293.

  10. Quest for the quantum limit in three dimensional metals

    SciTech Connect

    Brooks, J.S.; Qualls, J.S.; Engel, L.W.

    1996-11-01

    The purpose of this work is to exploit ultra-high, flux compression type magnetic fields to achieve magnetic energies which are on the same or greater scale of the electronic structure in metallic systems. Under such conditions a metal. may become an insulator, may acquire a completely new electronic structure, or may develop novel configurations of electronic order. In this paper we consider experiments on quasi-two dimensional molecular conductors in both non-destructive pulsed fields to 60 T and in destructive flux compression fields to 700 T at low temperatures. New results on the molecular conductors {alpha}-(BEDT-TTF) {sub 2}NH{sub 4}Hg(SCN){sub 4} and (TMTSF){sub 2}ClO{sub 4} are discussed in experiments up to 60 T at low temperatures, and preliminary results on {alpha}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}NH{sub 4}Hg(SON){sub 4} in the 700 T MC1 series flux compression generators are presented. We argue that true direct dc electrical transport measurements in these materials at low temperatures up to 700 T appear to be within reach.

  11. Fermi surface study of organic conductors using a magneto-optical measurement under high magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimata, M.; Ohta, H.; Koyama, K.; Motokawa, M.; Kondo, R.; Kagoshima, S.; Tanaka, H.; Tokumoto, M.; Kobayashi, H.; Kobayashi, A.

    2006-11-01

    Magneto-optical measurements have been performed in organic conductors β''-(BEDT-TTF)2CsCd(SCN)4 and λ-(BETS)2FeCl4. Although the zero magnetic field ground state of β''-(BEDT-TTF)2CsCd(SCN)4is considered as the density wave state, periodic orbit resonances (POR's) attributed to quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) and quasi-two-dimensional (Q2D) Fermi surfaces (FS's) have been observed above 6 T. The existence of these FS's are predicted by the band calculation based on room temperature lattice parameters. This result may suggest the destruction of the density wave state at 6 T, and the primal metallic state revives in the high field phase above 6 T. In the case of λ-(BETS)2FeCl4, large changes of the transmission intensity of electromagnetic waves around 10 T, which correspond to the insulator-metal transition, have been observed. However, no POR-like resonance has been observed. This may be due to the restriction of the observed frequency-field region.

  12. Near-degeneracy of extended s +dx2-y2 and dx y order parameters in quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guterding, Daniel; Altmeyer, Michaela; Jeschke, Harald O.; Valentí, Roser

    2016-07-01

    The symmetry of the superconducting order parameter in quasi-two-dimensional bis-ethylenedithio-tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) organic superconductors is a subject of ongoing debate. We report ab initio density-functional-theory calculations for a number of organic superconductors containing κ -type layers. Using projective Wannier functions, we derive the parameters of a common low-energy Hamiltonian based on individual BEDT-TTF molecular orbitals. In a random-phase approximation spin-fluctuation approach, we investigate the evolution of the superconducting pairing symmetry within this model, and we point out a phase transition between extended s +dx2-y2 and dx y symmetry. We discuss the origin of the mixed order parameter and the relation between the realistic molecule description and the widely used dimer approximation. Based on our ab initio calculations, we position the investigated materials in the obtained molecule model phase diagram, and we simulate scanning tunneling spectroscopy experiments for selected cases. Our calculations show that many κ -type materials lie close to the phase-transition line between the two pairing symmetry types found in our calculation, possibly explaining the multitude of contradictory experiments in this field.

  13. Suppression of rectification at metal-Mott insulator interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yonemitsu, Kenji; Maeshima, Nobuya; Hasegawa, Tatsuo

    2007-12-01

    Charge transport through metal-Mott insulator interfaces is studied and compared with that through metal-band-insulator interfaces. For band insulators, rectification has been known to occur owing to a Schottky barrier, which is produced by the work-function difference. For Mott insulators, however, qualitatively different current-voltage characteristics are obtained. Theoretically, we use the one-dimensional Hubbard model for a Mott insulator and attach to it the tight-binding model for metallic electrodes. A Schottky barrier is introduced by a solution to the Poisson equation with a simplified density-potential relation. The current density is calculated by solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We mainly use the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation and also use exact many-electron wave functions on small systems for comparison. Rectification is found to be strongly suppressed even for large work-function differences. We show its close relationship with the fact that field-effect injections into one-dimensional Mott insulators are ambipolar. Experimentally, we fabricated asymmetric contacts on top of single crystals of quasi-one-dimensional organic Mott and band insulators. Rectification is strongly suppressed at an interface between metallic magnesium and Mott-insulating (BEDT-TTF)(F2TCNQ) [ BEDT-TTF=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene ; F2TCNQ=2,5-difluorotetracyanoquinodimethane ].

  14. Systematic approaches to layered materials with strong electron correlations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chung, Chung-Hou

    I present systematic large-N approaches to study the ground state magnetic orderings and charge transport of layered materials with strong electron correlations, including the organic material kappa-(BEDT-TTF)2X, and the antiferromagnetic insulators Cs2CuCl4 and SrCu2(BO3) 2. I model the electronic properties of the organic materials kappa-(BEDT-TTF) 2X with a fermionic SU(N) Hubbard-Heisenberg model on an anisotropic triangular lattice. The ground state phase diagram shows a metal-insulator transition and a depression of the density of states in the metallic phase which are consistent with the experiments. The magnetic properties of kappa-(BEDT-TTF) 2X are modeled by a bosonic Sp(N) quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the same lattice. The phase diagram consists of five different phases as a function of the size of the spin and the degree of frustration: the Neel ordered phase, a (pi, pi) short-range-order (SRO) phase, an incommensurate (q, q) long-range-order (LRO) phase, a (q, q) SRO phase, and a decoupled chain phase. I apply the same Sp(N) approach on the same triangular lattice to model the magnetic properties of Cs2CuCl 4 both with and without a magnetic field. At zero field, I find the ground state either exhibits incommensurate spin order, or is in a quantum disordered phase with deconfined spin-1/2 excitations and topological order. The Sp(N) calculation of spin excitation spectrum shows a large upward quantum renormalization consistent with that seen in experiments. For fields perpendicular to the plane of spin rotation, I find that the spins form an incommensurate "cone" of polarization up to a saturation field where all spins are fully polarized. There is a large quantum renormalization of the zero-field incommensuration. The results are in apparent agreement with neutron scattering experiments. Finally, the magnetic properties of the insulator SrCu2(BO 3)2 is modeled by the Sp(N) quantum antiferromagnet on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice. In addition

  15. Theory of a competitive spin liquid state for weak Mott insulators on the triangular lattice.

    PubMed

    Mishmash, Ryan V; Garrison, James R; Bieri, Samuel; Xu, Cenke

    2013-10-11

    We propose a novel quantum spin liquid state that can explain many of the intriguing experimental properties of the low-temperature phase of the organic spin liquid candidate materials κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2(CN)3 and EtMe3Sb[Pd(dmit)2]2. This state of paired fermionic spinons preserves all symmetries of the system, and it has a gapless excitation spectrum with quadratic bands that touch at momentum k[over →]=0. This quadratic band touching is protected by symmetries. Using variational Monte Carlo techniques, we show that this state has highly competitive energy in the triangular lattice Heisenberg model supplemented with a realistically large ring-exchange term.

  16. Quantum melting of magnetic order in an organic dimer Mott-insulating system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naka, Makoto; Ishihara, Sumio

    2016-05-01

    Quantum entanglement effects between the electronic spin and charge degrees of freedom are examined in an organic molecular solid, termed a dimer Mott-insulating system, in which molecular dimers are arranged in a crystal as fundamental units. A low energy effective model includes an antisymmetric exchange interaction, as one of the dominant magnetic interactions. This interaction favors a 90 deg spin configuration, and competes with the Heisenberg-type exchange interaction. Stabilities of the magnetic ordered phases are examined by using the spin-wave theory, as well as the Schwinger-boson theory. It is found that the spin-charge interaction promotes an instability of the long-range magnetic ordered state around a parameter region where two spin-spiral phases are merged. Implication for the quantum spin liquid state observed in κ -(BEDT-TTF)2Cu2 (CN) 3 is discussed.

  17. Preparation of C{sub 60} charge transfer complexes with organic donor molecules and alkali doping

    SciTech Connect

    Otsuka, A.; Saito, G.; Hirate, S.; Pac, S.; Ishida, T.; Zakhidov, A.A.; Yakushi, K.

    1998-07-01

    Solid charge transfer (CT) complexes of C{sub 60} with TseC{sub 1}-TTF, EDT-TTF, EOET-TTF, and TDAP (1, 3, 6, 8-tetrakis(dimethylamino)pyrene) were newly prepared. All the obtained black crystals were proved to be neutral despite their rather strong electron donor ability. Lattice parameters of them except for EOET-TTF complex were determined together with those of HMTTeF{center_dot}C{sub 60}, which had been reported with different values. Rubidium doping under a mild condition was examined on the complexes of TDAP, EOET-TTF, HMTTeF, BEDT-TTF, hydroquinone and ferrocene to search for the superconductors of new crystal and electronic structures. Among them, the rubidium-doped ferrocene complex easily showed an apparent superconducting signal in SQUID magnetization measurements. The doping effect on these CT complexes is compared to that on OMTTF complex.

  18. Coulomb Interaction Effect in Weyl Fermions with Tilted Energy Dispersion in Two Dimensions.

    PubMed

    Isobe, Hiroki; Nagaosa, Naoto

    2016-03-18

    Weyl fermions with tilted linear dispersions characterized by several different velocities appear in some systems including the quasi-two-dimensional organic semiconductor α-(BEDT-TTF)_{2}I_{3} and three-dimensional WTe_{2}. The Coulomb interaction between electrons modifies the velocities in an essential way in the low-energy limit, where the logarithmic corrections dominate. Taking into account the coupling to both the transverse and longitudinal electromagnetic fields, we derive the renormalization group equations for the velocities of the tilted Weyl fermions in two dimensions, and found that they increase as the energy decreases and eventually hit the speed of light c to result in the Cherenkov radiation. Especially, the system restores the isotropic Weyl cone even when the bare Weyl cone is strongly tilted and the velocity of electrons becomes negative in certain directions. PMID:27035318

  19. Design of organic metals based on tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene: novel structural implications and predictions

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, J.M.; Beno, M.A.; Sullivan, J.C.; Banovetz, L.M.; Braam, J.M.; Blackman, G.S.; Carlson, C.D.; Greer, D.L.; Loesing, D.M.

    1983-02-09

    Results suggest that efforts aimed at the synthesis of new (TMTSF)/sub 2/X derivatives, with possible novel and enhanced electrical properties compared with (TMSF)/sub 2/ClO/sub 4/, should center on use of previously untried anions with sizes comparable to ClO/sub 4//sup -/, such as PO/sub 2/F/sub 2//sup -/, or on the preparation of anion alloys such as FSO/sub 3//sup -/-ClO/sub 4//sup -/, FSO/sub 3//sup -/-BF/sub 4//sup -/, BF/sub 4//sup -/-ClO/sub 4/, or BF/sub 4//sup -/-ClO/sub 4//sup -/-FSO/sub 3//sup -13/. The data analysis and conclusions presented here are applicable to any series of isostructural charge-transfer salts such as those of BEDT-TTF, /sup 15/TMTTF,/sup 16/ etc.

  20. Electronic structure of a dual-layered organic charge transfer salt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeschke, Harald; Altmeyer, Michaela; Valenti, Roser

    2015-03-01

    We examine the electronic properties of polymorphs of (BEDT-TTF)2Ag(CF3)4(TCE) (1,1,2-trichloroethane) within density functional theory (DFT). While a phase with low superconducting transition temperature Tc = 2 . 6 K exhibits a κ packing motif, two high Tc phases are layered structures consisting of α' and κ packed layers. We determine the electronic structures and discuss the influence of the insulating α' layer on the conducting κ layer. We find that the stripes of high and low charge in the α' layer correspond to a stripe pattern of hopping parameters in the κ layer. This finding is the basis for studying the effect of the different underlying Hamiltonians on the superconducting properties. Research funded within DFG Transregio 49.

  1. Mott metal-insulator transition on compressible lattices.

    PubMed

    Zacharias, Mario; Bartosch, Lorenz; Garst, Markus

    2012-10-26

    The critical properties of the finite temperature Mott end point are drastically altered by a coupling to crystal elasticity, i.e., whenever it is amenable to pressure tuning. Similar as for critical piezoelectric ferroelectrics, the Ising criticality of the electronic system is preempted by an isostructural instability, and long-range shear forces suppress microscopic fluctuations. As a result, the end point is governed by Landau criticality. Its hallmark is, thus, a breakdown of Hooke's law of elasticity with a nonlinear strain-stress relation characterized by a mean-field exponent. Based on a quantitative estimate, we predict critical elasticity to dominate the temperature range ΔT*/T(c)≃8%, close to the Mott end point of κ-(BEDT-TTF)(2)X. PMID:23215206

  2. Scaling Theory of the Mott Transition and Breakdown of the Gr"uneisen Scaling Near a Finite-Temperature Critical End Point

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartosch, Lorenz

    2012-02-01

    We discuss a scaling theory of the lattice response in the vicinity of a finite-temperature critical end point. The thermal expansivity is shown to be more singular than the specific heat such that the Gr"uneisen ratio diverges as the critical point is approached, except for its immediate vicinity. More generally, we express the thermal expansivity in terms of a scaling function which we explicitly evaluate for the two-dimensional Ising universality class. Recent thermal expansivity measurements on the layered organic conductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2X close to the Mott transition are well described by our theory.[2mm] [1] Lorenz Bartosch, Mariano de Souza, and Michael Lang, Physical Review Letters 104, 245701 (2010).

  3. Thermodynamic Evidence of d-Wave Superconductivity of the Organic Superconductor λ-(BETS)2GaCl4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imajo, Shusaku; Kanda, Naoki; Yamashita, Satoshi; Akutsu, Hiroki; Nakazawa, Yasuhiro; Kumagai, Hiroya; Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamoto, Atsushi

    2016-04-01

    Low-temperature heat capacity of the organic superconductor λ-(BETS)2GaCl4 in a temperature range between 0.6 and 10 K was measured for a single crystal sample by relaxation calorimetry technique. The contribution of electronic heat capacity in the superconducting state shows T2 dependence at lower temperature that indicates the existence of quasi-particle excitations from the line-nodal gap structure of d-wave pairing. The recovery of the electronic heat capacity coefficient, γ by magnetic field shows H1/2 dependence that is consistent with the picture of line-nodal superconductor. In spite of the different packing from typical organic superconductors κ-(BEDT-TTF)2X, the λ-type BETS salt also shows a feature of d-wave symmetry pairing.

  4. Magnetic and non-magnetic phases of a quantum spin liquid.

    PubMed

    Pratt, F L; Baker, P J; Blundell, S J; Lancaster, T; Ohira-Kawamura, S; Baines, C; Shimizu, Y; Kanoda, K; Watanabe, I; Saito, G

    2011-03-31

    A quantum spin-liquid phase is an intriguing possibility for a system of strongly interacting magnetic units in which the usual magnetically ordered ground state is avoided owing to strong quantum fluctuations. It was first predicted theoretically for a triangular-lattice model with antiferromagnetically coupled S = 1/2 spins. Recently, materials have become available showing persuasive experimental evidence for such a state. Although many studies show that the ideal triangular lattice of S = 1/2 Heisenberg spins actually orders magnetically into a three-sublattice, non-collinear 120° arrangement, quantum fluctuations significantly reduce the size of the ordered moment. This residual ordering can be completely suppressed when higher-order ring-exchange magnetic interactions are significant, as found in nearly metallic Mott insulators. The layered molecular system κ-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu(2)(CN)(3) is a Mott insulator with an almost isotropic, triangular magnetic lattice of spin-1/2 BEDT-TTF dimers that provides a prime example of a spin liquid formed in this way. Despite a high-temperature exchange coupling, J, of 250 K (ref. 6), no obvious signature of conventional magnetic ordering is seen down to 20 mK (refs 7, 8). Here we show, using muon spin rotation, that applying a small magnetic field to this system produces a quantum phase transition between the spin-liquid phase and an antiferromagnetic phase with a strongly suppressed moment. This can be described as Bose-Einstein condensation of spin excitations with an extremely small spin gap. At higher fields, a second transition is found that suggests a threshold for deconfinement of the spin excitations. Our studies reveal the low-temperature magnetic phase diagram and enable us to measure characteristic critical properties. We compare our results closely with current theoretical models, and this gives some further insight into the nature of the spin-liquid phase.

  5. Thermal-transport Studies of Quantum Spin Liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamashita, Minoru

    2011-03-01

    Quantum spins, coupling antiferromagnetically on a 2D triangular lattice, cannot simultaneously satisfy all interactions. This frustrated situation is expected to give rise to mysterious fluid-like states of spins without long- range order, so called quantum spin liquid (QSL). The ground state of QSL and its exotic phenomena, such as fractionalized excitation with an artificial gauge field, have been extensively discussed for decades, yet to be identified by lack of any real materials. This is why the recent discoveries of materials possessing an ideal 2D triangular lattice have spurred a great deal of interest. To understand the nature of QSL, knowledge of the low-lying excitation, particularly the presence/absence of an excitation gap, is of primary importance. We employ thermal transport measurements on newly discovered QSL candidates, κ -(BEDT-TTF)2 Cu 2 (CN)3 and EtMe 3 Sb[Pd(dmit)2 ]2 , and report that the two organic insulators possess different QSLs characterized by different elementary excitations. In κ -(BEDT-TTF)2 Cu 2 (CN)3, heat transport is thermally activated in low temperatures, suggesting presence of a spin gap in this QSL. In stark contrast, in EtMe 3 Sb[Pd(dmit)2 ]2, a sizable temperature-linear term of thermal conductivity is clearly resolved in the zero-temperature limit, showing gapless excitation with long mean free path (~ 1 ,000 lattice distances), analogous to excitations near the Fermi surface in normal metals. These results are consistent with theoretical suggestions including 2D gapless spinons with a Fermi surface. This work was done in collaboration with N. Nakata, Y. Senshu, M. Nagata, Y. Kasahara, S. Fujimoto, T. Shibauchi, Y. Matsuda, T. Sasaki, N. Yoneyama, N. Kobayashi, H. M. Yamamoto and R. Kato.

  6. Importance of C-H-donor and C-H-anion contact interactions for the crystal packing, the lattice softness and the superconducting transition temperatures of organic conducting salts

    SciTech Connect

    Whangbo, M.-H.; Novoa, J.J.; Jung, D. . Dept. of Chemistry); Williams, J.M.; Kinj, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Beno, M.A.; Carlson, K.D. )

    1990-01-01

    The organic donor molecule BEDT-TTF and its analogs 2--4 have yielded a number of ambient-pressure superconducting salts. What structural and electronic factors govern the magnitudes of their superconducting transition temperature {Tc} has been a topic of intense studies. Examination of the band electronic structures of closely related superconducting salts shows, that the magnitudes of their {Tc}'s are primarily determined by the softness of their crystal lattices. The crystal packing and the lattice softness of organic donor salts are strongly influenced by the donor{hor ellipsis}donor and donor{hor ellipsis}anion contact interactions involving the donor-molecule C-H bonds. In the present work, we briefly review the electronic structures of some representative organic salt superconductors and discuss the softness of their crytsal lattices on the basis of the interaction energies calculated for the C-H{hor ellipsis}donor and C-H{hor ellipsis}anion contact interactions. 34 refs., 14 figs., 8 tabs.

  7. A semiclassical description of cyclotron resonance in highly anisotropic molecular metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, S.

    1997-03-01

    We examine cyclotron resonance-like behavior in highly anisotropic molecular metals. We demonstrate how the conductivity in the least dispersive directions can dominate the magneto-electrodynamic response of such systems. Consequently, we develop a detailed semiclassical model for the conductivity along these directions, taking into consideration the unique Fermi surface topologies common to these materials. It is shown that multiple cyclotron resonance-like features can result, which arise from periodic motion in a plane perpendicular to the applied magnetic field; we refer to these as 'periodic orbit resonances' (POR). The details of these POR are highly sensitive to the precise shape of the Fermi surface; both quasi two- and quasi one-dimensional Fermi surfaces will contribute to this effect. In addition, we discuss experimental evidence supporting this model, as well as several other consequences of such a semiclassical treatment, e.g. magnetoresistance and POR linewidths. The outcome of this work is a clearer understanding of cyclotron resonance-like features observed, recently, in several BEDT-TTF salts.

  8. Temperature dependence of the magnetic moment relaxation rate of the organic superconductor x-(BEDT-TFF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl{sub 0.5}Br{sub 0.5}

    SciTech Connect

    Primenko, A.E.; Kuznetsov, V.D.; Metlushko, V.V.; Mendeleev, D.V.; Kushch, N.D.; Yagubskii, E.B.

    1994-06-01

    The authors have investigated relaxation of the residual magnetic moment of x-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl{sub 0.5}Br{sub 0.5}, an organic superconductor, in the temperature range 2.4 to 9.5 K. In these investigations, they observed that the reduced relaxation rate S=d 1n P{sub m}/dt ln t remains constant for T/T{sub c} < 0.7, and then increases rapidly with T. They also determined the temperature dependence of the critical current density in zero magnetic field. In comparing the functions s(T) and J{sub c}(T) for this superconductor with their counterparts for single-crystal high-temperature superconductors, they have found that their behavior is most analogous to that of s(T) and J{sub c}(T) for YBaCuO. Using the relaxation curves, they have calculated the current-voltage characteristics E(J), which are well-described by a power law function of the type E{proportional_to}J{sup n}. 15 refs., 7 figs.

  9. Novel Quantum Criticality in Two Dimensional Topological Phase transitions

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Gil Young; Moon, Eun-Gook

    2016-01-01

    Topological quantum phase transitions intrinsically intertwine self-similarity and topology of many-electron wave-functions, and divining them is one of the most significant ways to advance understanding in condensed matter physics. Our focus is to investigate an unconventional class of the transitions between insulators and Dirac semimetals whose description is beyond conventional pseudo relativistic Dirac Hamiltonian. At the transition without the long-range Coulomb interaction, the electronic energy dispersion along one direction behaves like a relativistic particle, linear in momentum, but along the other direction it behaves like a non-relativistic particle, quadratic in momentum. Various physical systems ranging from TiO2-VO2 heterostructure to organic material α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3 under pressure have been proposed to have such anisotropic dispersion relation. Here, we discover a novel quantum criticality at the phase transition by incorporating the long range Coulomb interaction. Unique interplay between the Coulomb interaction and electronic critical modes enforces not only the anisotropic renormalization of the Coulomb interaction but also marginally modified electronic excitation. In connection with experiments, we investigate several striking effects in physical observables of our novel criticality. PMID:26791803

  10. Conductors with small Fermi energies and small gap energies

    SciTech Connect

    Thorn, R.J.

    1993-09-01

    If the Fermi energy is of the order of meV`s, the usual treatment of the density of free electrons is not valid, but use can be made of an averaged density of states that depends weakly on temperature, so that the temperature variation of the conductivity can be expressed by the equation: {sigma} {congruent} CT{sup (1-s)} 1n{l_brace}[(exp({beta}E{sub f}) + 1)/2][exp({minus}{beta}(E{sub g} {minus} E{sub f})) + 1)]{r_brace} in which E{sub f} is the Fermi energy, E{sub g} is the top of the energy gap for thermal activation, s is the exponent of the temperature-dependent scattering. This equation serves to define a class of solids consisting of a microcomposite with a narrow conduction band for which E{sub f} of the order of ceV`s or less and a thermal activated conduction for which E{sub g} is of the order of ceV`s. It describes quantitatively the conductivity, {sigma}(T;{Delta}, for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{Delta}} and {sigma}(T;p) as the hydrostatic pressure p is varied for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}CuN(CN){sub 2}Br.

  11. Design and synthesis of organic superconductors (FY92 URI/RIP). Annual report, 1 October 1992-30 September 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Montgomery, L.K.

    1993-10-29

    A number of mixed-valence (2:1), conducting salts of bis(ethylenedithio)tetraselena-fulvalene (BETS) have been prepared. Four (GaCl(4), SbF(6), CF(3)SO(3) and CuN(CN)(2)Br) have been characterized in detail (X-ray crystallography, DC resistivity from 300-1 OK, rf penetration depth measurements (0.5K), pressure studies from 0.5-5 kbar at 4K, and tight-binding band calculations). The salts are highly metallic to low temperatures but do not exhibit superconductivity under the experimental conditions explored. The synthesis of a new synthetic metal precursor, bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathionaphthalene (BEDT-TTN), is about three-quarters completed. Spin density wave (SDW) and charge density wave (CDW) phenomena of three organic superconductors (k-(BEDT-TTF)CuN(CN)(2)Cl, (TMTSF)2PF6, and (TMTSF)(2)ReO(4), where BEDTTTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene and TMTSF is tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) have been studied in collaboration with Professor J.W. Brill (Department of Physics, University of Kentucky). The three organic metals avert the SDW and CDW transitions under pressure and become superconductors.

  12. Recent Topics of Organic Superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ardavan, Arzhang; Brown, Stuart; Kagoshima, Seiichi; Kanoda, Kazushi; Kuroki, Kazuhiko; Mori, Hatsumi; Ogata, Masao; Uji, Shinya; Wosnitza, Jochen

    2012-01-01

    Recent developments in research into superconductivity in organic materials are reviewed. In the epoch-defining quasi-one-dimensional TMTSF superconductors with Tc ˜ 1 K, Tc decreases monotonically with increasing pressure, as do signatures of spin fluctuations in the normal state, providing good evidence for magnetically-mediated pairing. Upper critical fields exceed the Zeeman-limiting field by several times, suggesting triplet pairing or a transition to an inhomogeneous superconducting state at high magnetic fields, while triplet pairing is ruled out at low fields by NMR Knight-shift measurements. Evidence for a spatially inhomogeneous superconducting state, Fulde--Ferrel--Larkin--Ovchinnikov state, which has long been sought in various superconducting systems, is now captured by thermodynamic and transport measurements for clean and highly two-dimensional BEDT-TTF and BETS superconductors. Some of the layered superconductors also serve as model systems for Mott physics on anisotropic triangular lattice. For example, the Nernst effect and the pseudo-gap behavior in NMR relaxation are enhanced near to the Mott transition. In the case of increasing spin frustration, the superconducting transition temperature is depressed, and antiferromagnetic ordering is eliminated altogether in the adjacent Mott insulating phase. There is an increasing number of materials exhibiting superconductivity in competition or cooperation with charge order. Theoretical studies shed light on the role of spin and/or charge fluctuations for superconductivity appearing under conditions close to those of correlation-induced insulating phases in the diversity of organic materials.

  13. Interplay between electronic and structural degrees of freedom in quarter-filled low dimensional conductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pouget, Jean-Paul

    2015-03-01

    We review the basic aspects of the charge density wave (CDW) and bond order wave (BOW) instabilities observed in one dimension (1D) organic conductors at either the 2kF and/or 4kF critical wave vectors. We start by recalling the main features of the coupled structural/electronic Peierls instabilities observed in donor-acceptor (D-A) charge transfer (CT) salts. Then we consider the specific case of 2:1 salts D2X where X is a monovalent anion. We show that the incipient CDW/BOW instabilities of the Bechgaard and Fabre salts are those of the parent quarter-filled CT salts TMTSF-DMTCNQ and TMTTF-DMTCNQ respectively. We also consider more specifically the influence of specific features of D2X salts such as the stack dimerization, the Fermi surface warping and the coupling to the anions. Then we discuss more generally the role of the anions in the Bechgaard and Fabre salts by pointing out the influence of polarization and charge displacement induced by the anion shift. Finally we show that some of these features are also relevant to understand the subtle interplay between structural and electronic degrees of freedom in 2D quarter-filled organic salts such as the (BEDT-TTF)2X series.

  14. A chiral molecular conductor: synthesis, structure, and physical properties of [ET]3[Sb2(L-tart)2].CH3CN (ET = bis(ethylendithio)tetrathiafulvalene; L-tart = (2R,3R)-(+)-tartrate).

    PubMed

    Coronado, Eugenio; Galán-Mascarós, José R; Gómez-García, Carlos J; Murcia-Martínez, Ana; Canadell, Enric

    2004-12-13

    The salt [ET](3)[Sb(2)(L-tart)(2)].CH(3)CN (1) has been obtained by electrocrystallization of the organic donor bis(ethylendithio)tetrathiafulvalene (ET or BEDT-TTF) in the presence of the chiral anionic complex [Sb(2)(L-tart)(2)](2-) (L-tart = (2R,3R)-(+)-tartrate). This salt crystallizes in the chiral space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) (a = 11.145(2) angstroms, b = 12.848(2) angstroms, c = 40.159(14) angstroms, V = 5750.4(14) angstroms(3), Z = 4) and is formed by alternating layers of the anions and of the organic radicals in a noncentrosymmetric alpha-type packing. This compound shows a room temperature electrical conductivity of approximately 1 S.cm(-1) and semiconducting behavior with an activation energy of approximately 85 meV. Analysis of the magnetic susceptibility and band structure, however, suggests that this compound should be a narrow band gap semiconductor.

  15. An organic thyristor.

    PubMed

    Sawano, F; Terasaki, I; Mori, H; Mori, T; Watanabe, M; Ikeda, N; Nogami, Y; Noda, Y

    2005-09-22

    Thyristors are a class of nonlinear electronic device that exhibit bistable resistance--that is, they can be switched between two different conductance states. Thyristors are widely used as inverters (direct to alternating current converters) and for the smooth control of power in a variety of applications such as motors and refrigerators. Materials and structures that exhibit nonlinear resistance of this sort are not only useful for practical applications: they also provide systems for exploring fundamental aspects of solid-state and statistical physics. Here we report the discovery of a giant nonlinear resistance effect in the conducting organic salt theta-(BEDT-TTF)2CsCo(SCN)4, the voltage-current characteristics of which are essentially the same as those of a conventional thyristor. This intrinsic organic thyristor works as an inverter, generating an alternating current when a static direct-current voltage is applied. Whereas conventional thyristors consist of a series of diodes (their nonlinearity comes from interface effects at the p-n junctions), the present salt exhibits giant nonlinear resistance as a bulk phenomenon. We attribute the origin of this effect to the current-induced melting of insulating charge-order domains, an intrinsically non-equilibrium phenomenon in the sense that ordered domains are melted by a steady flow.

  16. Trifluoromethylmetallate anions as components of molecular charge transfer salts and superconductors.

    SciTech Connect

    Schlueter, J. A.

    1998-10-14

    Whereas polymeric and common inorganic anions frequently deprive the synthetic chemist of a chance to modify a charge transfer salt's structure through anion alterations, discrete organometallic anions provide a vast opportunity to probe the structure/property correlations of a material through rational synthetic methods. We have recently undertaken a research effort aimed at the crystallization of conducting charge transfer salts which possess modifiable, organometallic anions as the charge compensating entities. This research has been richly rewarded with the discovery of a new family of bis(ethylenedithio) tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF or ET) based molecular superconductors. Herein is presented a summary of over twenty {kappa}(ET){sub 2}M(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(1,1,2-trihaloethane) (M = Cu, Ag, Au) superconducting salts. Three new related salts are also reported: (ET){sub 2} [trans-Ag(CF{sub 3}),(CN){sub 2}], {kappa}{sub L}(BEDT-TSF){sub 2}Ag(CF{sub 3}){sub 4}(TCE), and {kappa}{sub L}(ET){sub 2}Ag(CF{sub 3}){sub 3}Cl(TCE).

  17. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishioka, Sachio; Fujikawa, Kazuo

    2009-06-01

    phenomena. Dynamical magnetoelectric effects in multiferroics / Y. Tokura. Exchange-stabilization of spin accumulation in the two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba-type of spin-orbit interaction / H. M. Saarikoski, G. E. W. Bauer. Electronic Aharonov-Casher effect in InGaAs ring arrays / J. Nitta, M. Kohda, T. Bergsten. Microscopic theory of current-spin interaction in ferromagnets / H. Kohno ... [et al.]. Spin-polarized carrier injection effect in ferromagnetic semiconductor / diffusive semiconductor / superconductor junctions / H. Takayanagi ... [et al.]. Low voltage control of ferromagnetism in a semiconductor P-N junction / J. Wunderlich ... [et al.].Measurement of nanosecond-scale spin-transfer torque magnetization switching / K. Ito ... [et al.]. Current-induced domain wall creep in magnetic wires / J. Ieda, S. Maekawa, S. E. Barnes. Pure spin current injection into superconducting niobium wire / K. Ohnishi, T. Kimura, Y. Otani. Switching of a single atomic spin induced by spin injection: a model calculation / S. Kokado, K. Harigaya, A. Sakuma. Spin transfer torque in magnetic tunnel junctions with synthetic ferrimagnetic layers / M. Ichimura ... [et al.]. Gapless chirality excitations in one-dimensional spin-1/2 frustrated magnets / S. Furukawa ... [et al.] -- Dirac fermions in condensed matter. Electronic states of graphene and its multi-layers / T. Ando, M. Koshino. Inter-layer magnetoresistance in multilayer massless dirac fermions system [symbol]-(BEDT-TTF)[symbol]I[symbol] / N. Tajima ... [et al.]. Theory on electronic properties of gapless states in molecular solids [symbol]-(BEDT-TTF)[symbol]I[symbol] / A. Kobayashi, Y. Suzumura, H. Fukuyama. Hall effect and diamagnetism of bismuth / Y. Fuseya, M. Ogata, H. Fukuyama. Quantum Nernst effect in a bismuth single crystal / M. Matsuo ... [et al.] -- Quantum dot systems. Kondo effect and superconductivity in single InAs quantum dots contacted with superconducting leads / S. Tarucha ... [et al.]. Electron transport

  18. The diamagnetic charge-density wave

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, Neil; Mielke, Charles H.; Balicas, Luis; Brooks, James S.; Tokumoto, M.

    2001-03-01

    Organic charge-transfer salts of the form α-(BEDT-TTF)_2MHg(SCN)4 (with M= K or Tl) possess exotic charge-density wave (CDW) ground states. The low transition temperature T_p ~ 8 K implies that the low temperature ground state is characterized by an order parameter (Δ ~ 2 meV) that is exceptionally small for a CDW, making it especially vulnerable both to magnetic fields and to oscillatory chemical potentials. Notably, this is probably the only CDW system for which the Pauli paramagnetic limit (B_P ~ 23 T) is accessed in DC magnetic fields. Above this field, theory predicts a new CDWx phase that is expected to be a modulated CDW phase for which the Q vector continually shifts with B or a CDW-SDW hybrid phase. A high magnetic field phase that is thermodynamically consistent with the theory is observed experimentally, but does not resemble a CDW (or a spin-density wave (SDW) for that matter) in any way. One of the first unusual effects that was observed is the apparent induction of currents in pulsed magnetic fields. These have since been confirmed to be real currents by measurement of their AC susceptibility in DC magnetic fields. They have also been observed in strictly DC magnetic fields by means of magnetic torque. This means that the currents are persistent. These currents exhibit hysteretic magnetic phenomena (i.e. a Bean model-like critical state) closely resembling that of extreme type II superconductors. While the time-, temperature- and field-dependence of the currents is sensitive to the location of the chemical potential with respect to the Landau levels of the 2D Fermi surface pocket (that happens to survive the CDW order), they do occur at all fields above 23 T, irrespective of the Landau level filling factor. This rules out the involvement of the QHE. Furthermore, the resistivity is observed to drop abruptly below 2-3 K for constant magnetic fields above 23 T, particularly at integral Landau level filling factors, where the resistivity drops by as

  19. Universal scaling law for the condensation energy across a broad range of superconductor classes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, J. S.; Tam, G. N.; Stewart, G. R.

    2015-12-01

    One of the goals in understanding any new class of superconductors is to search for commonalities with other known superconductors. The present work investigates the superconducting condensation energy, U , in the iron based superconductors (IBSs), and compares their U with a broad range of other distinct classes of superconductor, including conventional BCS elements and compounds and the unconventional heavy fermion, S r2Ru O4 ,L i0.1ZrNCl ,κ -(BEDT-TTF)2Cu (NCS )2 , and optimally doped cuprate superconductors. Surprisingly, both the magnitude and Tc dependence (U ∝Tc3.4 ±0.2 ) of U are—contrary to the previously observed behavior of the specific heat discontinuity at Tc, Δ C —quite similar in the IBS and BCS materials for Tc>1.4 K. In contrast, the heavy fermion superconductors' U vs Tc are strongly (up to a factor of 100) enhanced above the IBS/BCS while the cuprate superconductors' U are strongly (factor of 8) reduced. However, scaling of U with the specific heat γ (or Δ C ) brings all the superconductors investigated onto one universal dependence upon Tc. This apparent universal scaling U / γ ∝Tc2 for all superconductor classes investigated, both weak and strong coupled and both conventional and unconventional, links together extremely disparate behaviors over almost seven orders of magnitude for U and almost three orders of magnitude for Tc. Since U has not yet been explicitly calculated beyond the weak coupling limit, the present results can help direct theoretical efforts into the medium and strong coupling regimes.

  20. Systematic analytical and numerical studies of highly correlated electron systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Shan-Wen

    Strong electron correlations in condensed matter systems give rise to a wide range of striking physical properties, producing phenomena as varied as high temperature superconductivity, metal-insulator transitions and the integer and fractional quantum Hall effects. Quantum critical systems also exhibit strong correlations between a large number of degrees of freedom. In this thesis we study these complicated systems using a combination of analytical and numerical approaches. We perform systematic investigations, which adds to the robustness of our results. We develop a new method, based on the density-matrix renormalization-group (DMRG) algorithm combined with finite-size scaling analysis, to study critical behavior in quantum spin chains and extract critical exponents. Accurate results are obtained for spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic chains and the spin-1 chain at the critical point separating the Haldane and the dimerized phases. Disorder in a system can change its properties drastically. Plateau transitions in the integer quantum Hall effect provide the clearest example of quantum critical behavior in a disordered system. We provide analytical proof that the Chalker-Coddington model, which is used to describe the plateau transitions, is quantum critical. Starting from a field theory based on this model, equivalent to a non-Hermitian supersymmetric spin chain, we prove quantum criticality by a Lieb-Schultz-Mattis type theorem. This approach was motivated by numerical results obtained using the DMRG/finite-size scaling method. Our generalized LSM theorem also applies to the spin quantum Hall effect, which can appear in disordered d-wave superconductors with broken time-reversal symmetry. The last part of the thesis is a renormalization-group study of two dimensional interacting electron systems. We obtain results relevant to high-temperature superconductors and also to the family of kappa - (BEDT - TTF)2X organic superconductors. At half filling, the fully nested

  1. PREFACE: Superconducting materials Superconducting materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charfi Kaddour, Samia; Singleton, John; Haddad, Sonia

    2011-11-01

    and by invited authors selected by the editor. We are grateful to IUPAP, ICTP and the European Office of Aerospace Research and Development, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, United States Air Force Laboratory. We would like to acknowledge the authors for their careful work, and finally we thank Dr L Smith the publisher of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter for her patience and help. Superconducting materials contents Raman spectrum in the pseudogap phase of the underdoped cuprates: effect of phase coherence and the signature of the KT-type superconducting transitionTao Li and Haijun Liao Pressure effects on Dirac fermions in α-(BEDT-TTF)2I3Takahiro Himura, Takao Morinari and Takami Tohyama Effect of Zn doping in hole-type 1111 phase (Pr, Sr)FeAsOXiao Lin, Chenyi Shen, Chen Lv, Jianjian Miao, Hao Tan, Guanghan Cao and Zhu-An Xu Superconductivity and ferromagnetism in EuFe2(As1 - xPx)2*Guanghan Cao, Shenggao Xu, Zhi Ren, Shuai Jiang, Chunmu Feng and Zhu'an Xu OInhomogeneous superconductivity in organic conductors: the role of disorder and magnetic fieldS Haddad, S Charfi-Kaddour and J-P Pouget

  2. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishioka, Sachio; Fujikawa, Kazuo

    2009-06-01

    phenomena. Dynamical magnetoelectric effects in multiferroics / Y. Tokura. Exchange-stabilization of spin accumulation in the two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba-type of spin-orbit interaction / H. M. Saarikoski, G. E. W. Bauer. Electronic Aharonov-Casher effect in InGaAs ring arrays / J. Nitta, M. Kohda, T. Bergsten. Microscopic theory of current-spin interaction in ferromagnets / H. Kohno ... [et al.]. Spin-polarized carrier injection effect in ferromagnetic semiconductor / diffusive semiconductor / superconductor junctions / H. Takayanagi ... [et al.]. Low voltage control of ferromagnetism in a semiconductor P-N junction / J. Wunderlich ... [et al.].Measurement of nanosecond-scale spin-transfer torque magnetization switching / K. Ito ... [et al.]. Current-induced domain wall creep in magnetic wires / J. Ieda, S. Maekawa, S. E. Barnes. Pure spin current injection into superconducting niobium wire / K. Ohnishi, T. Kimura, Y. Otani. Switching of a single atomic spin induced by spin injection: a model calculation / S. Kokado, K. Harigaya, A. Sakuma. Spin transfer torque in magnetic tunnel junctions with synthetic ferrimagnetic layers / M. Ichimura ... [et al.]. Gapless chirality excitations in one-dimensional spin-1/2 frustrated magnets / S. Furukawa ... [et al.] -- Dirac fermions in condensed matter. Electronic states of graphene and its multi-layers / T. Ando, M. Koshino. Inter-layer magnetoresistance in multilayer massless dirac fermions system [symbol]-(BEDT-TTF)[symbol]I[symbol] / N. Tajima ... [et al.]. Theory on electronic properties of gapless states in molecular solids [symbol]-(BEDT-TTF)[symbol]I[symbol] / A. Kobayashi, Y. Suzumura, H. Fukuyama. Hall effect and diamagnetism of bismuth / Y. Fuseya, M. Ogata, H. Fukuyama. Quantum Nernst effect in a bismuth single crystal / M. Matsuo ... [et al.] -- Quantum dot systems. Kondo effect and superconductivity in single InAs quantum dots contacted with superconducting leads / S. Tarucha ... [et al.]. Electron transport

  3. Preface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batail, Patrick

    2004-04-01

    with p _π-p_π overlap interactions between frontier orbitals of the precursors is today a very active field of research reaching out in field of molecular magnetic materials. Also, the materials chemistry of single component molecular metals and the development of strategies for the chemical control of band filling in molecular metals are areas of intense research. Considerable progress reported in first principle-based electronic structure calculations for large complex systems and band structure calculations of molecular metals should diffuse promptly in the molecular materials community. On the physics side, recent advances in understanding the localization-delocalization-charge ordering competition in low dimensional systems of strongly correlated electrons, and their formulation at ISCOM'03 in a language and format accessible to experimentalists and materials scientists, carries a great many promises for significant developments in the conception of novel molecular superconductors. The physics of one- and two-dimensional molecular metals and superconductors was a strong component of ISCOM'03 with very diverse complementary experimental approaches including transport, uniaxial and isotropie high pressures and high magnetic fields studies, thermal conductivity, STM. Two dimensional conductors have proved to be prototype materials for the study of interacting electron gases through the phenomenon of Mott localization exhibited in some BEDT-TTF salts. Applications of angle-resolved photo-emission investigations have been reported and emerge as a very promising area for future developments. Coupled to quantum chemistry calculations the latter carry along an enormous potential, as exemplified by the wealth of information delivered on the nature of the chemical bonding and electronic structure of molecular solids. The reports of superconductivity induced by a large magnetic field in RETS salts containing magnetic anions have shown how organic materials have brought the