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Sample records for ben kogata kosoku

  1. BenMAP Downloads

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Download the current and legacy versions of the BenMAP program. Download configuration and aggregation/pooling/valuation files to estimate benefits. BenMAP-CE is free and open source software, and the source code is available upon request.

  2. Ben's Plastic Brain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Susan L.

    2010-01-01

    This article shares a story of Ben who as a result of his premature birth, suffered a brain hemorrhage resulting in cerebral palsy, which affected his left side (left hemiparesis) and caused learning disabilities. Despite these challenges, he graduated from college and currently works doing information management for a local biotech start-up…

  3. Ben Franklin. [Lesson Plan].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Discovery Communications, Inc., Bethesda, MD.

    Based on Benjamin Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac," this lesson plan presents activities designed to help students understand that Ben Franklin is known, among other things, for his wit and wisdom; that Franklin published an almanac for 25 years; and he scattered aphorisms throughout the almanac. The main activity in the lesson is for students…

  4. Ben's Plastic Brain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Susan L.

    2010-01-01

    This article shares a story of Ben who as a result of his premature birth, suffered a brain hemorrhage resulting in cerebral palsy, which affected his left side (left hemiparesis) and caused learning disabilities. Despite these challenges, he graduated from college and currently works doing information management for a local biotech start-up…

  5. BenMAP 1.0

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    BenMAP 1.0 is the legacy version of the BenMAP software that the EPA is making available for archival purposes. It is designed for regional and national-scale analyses within the Continental United States.

  6. BenMAP-CE Training Materials

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Are you interested in learning more about how to operate the BenMAP-CE program? A variety of training resources are available, including self-paced exercises, online interactive modules and instructor-led training.

  7. Obituary: Ben Hawkins Moore, 1921-2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, James F.

    2004-12-01

    Ben H. Moore, emeritus professor of physics, astronomy and earth sciences at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota, died 7 November 2003, in South Padre Island, Texas. Ben was born 18 March 1921, in Kansas City, Missouri, to Fraser D. and Cora R. (Hawkins) Moore. Though his parents provided a strong guiding influence on Ben's development, Ben's career was impacted most clearly by his work as a student and research assistant for Allen Basset (Ben's father-in-law) at Park College. This relationship turned Ben's early interest in chemistry and biology toward a focus on physics. Ben received his undergraduate degree from Park College where he graduated Phi Delta Kappa. He received a MS in physics from Kansas State University. He also did post-masters work at the University of Kansas, the University of Colorado, the University of Washington and Temple University. In addition to his work as a research assistant, Ben taught at Park College as well as Washington Kansas High School, Wyandotte High School, and Kansas City Kansas Junior College before moving to St. Cloud State University in 1960. He retired from this teaching position in May 1982 but remained involved in activities of his department, including some teaching, through most of his years in retirement. Ben's accomplishments were mainly centered on his teaching. His development of courses and his rapport with students consistently brought praise from both his colleagues and his students. Above all, his work involved innovative development of the curriculum in the sciences at St. Cloud State. Soon after his arrival at the university, Ben took over the fledgling field geology course and continued to shape this offering into a program in earth sciences. The popularity of his classes, which attracted both general students and a growing number of majors, finally enabled the university to establish an earth sciences department in the late 1960's and Ben was the first chair of that department. In the mid-1960's Ben took

  8. Deep-Sea Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    The deep-sea submarine 'Ben Franklin' is being docked in the harbor. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life. It also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effect of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  9. Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    This is an aerial view of the deep-sea research submarine 'Ben Franklin' at dock. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  10. David Ben-Gurion: A Creative Leader

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosemarin, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973), the first Prime Minister of Israel, is included in Pasternak's (2001) list of the nine most memorable leaders of the twentieth century. All of them are remembered for the reforms they initiated. Roosevelt (USA), Stalin (Russia), Castro (Cuba), and Thatcher (England) focused on social-economical changes, whereas Gandhi…

  11. Deep-Sea Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    The deep-sea submarine 'Ben Franklin' is being docked in the harbor. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life. It also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effect of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  12. David Ben-Gurion: A Creative Leader

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosemarin, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973), the first Prime Minister of Israel, is included in Pasternak's (2001) list of the nine most memorable leaders of the twentieth century. All of them are remembered for the reforms they initiated. Roosevelt (USA), Stalin (Russia), Castro (Cuba), and Thatcher (England) focused on social-economical changes, whereas Gandhi…

  13. 25. Ben Thresher's House: view looking northwest along road (State ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Ben Thresher's House: view looking northwest along road (State Aid No.1) in front of mill; parts to new water turbine in foreground - Ben Thresher's Mill, State Aid No. 1, Barnet, Caledonia County, VT

  14. 27 CFR 9.118 - Ben Lomond Mountain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Ben Lomond Mountain. 9.118... Lomond Mountain. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Ben Lomond Mountain.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the Ben Lomond...

  15. 27 CFR 9.118 - Ben Lomond Mountain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Ben Lomond Mountain. 9.118... Lomond Mountain. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Ben Lomond Mountain.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the Ben Lomond...

  16. 27 CFR 9.118 - Ben Lomond Mountain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ben Lomond Mountain. 9.118... Lomond Mountain. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Ben Lomond Mountain.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the Ben Lomond...

  17. 27 CFR 9.118 - Ben Lomond Mountain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Ben Lomond Mountain. 9.118... Lomond Mountain. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Ben Lomond Mountain.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the Ben Lomond...

  18. 27 CFR 9.118 - Ben Lomond Mountain.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Ben Lomond Mountain. 9.118... Lomond Mountain. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Ben Lomond Mountain.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the Ben Lomond...

  19. GENERAL VIEW OF FORMER F. & H. BENNING COMPLEX NORTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF FORMER F. & H. BENNING COMPLEX NORTH TOWARDS TENTHOUSE CREEK. THE SHELL MILL WAS LOCATED IN THE BUILDING IN THE FOREGROUND. THE SHUCKING AND PROCESSING WAS DONE IN THE REAR BUILDING. OYSTER BOATS DOCKED WHERE THE CRANES ARE CURRENTLY LOCATED. - F. & H. Benning Company, 1014 Benning Road, Galesville, Anne Arundel County, MD

  20. 2006 National Caring Awards. Ben Carson, MD.

    PubMed

    2006-11-01

    Ben Carson is world famous, both for his work as a physician and as a humanitarian. Dr. Carson is the director of neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University Hospital, who made history in 1987 when he successfully separated Siamese twins joined at the head. As important as this life-saving work is to him, what is more important is the philanthropic work that he and his wife, Candy, are doing to help underprivileged youth.

  1. Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP)

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This area summarizes the key features of the BenMAP-CE program and links to pages that provide more details regarding the program, the basic principles of air pollution benefits analysis and a link to download the software.

  2. [Study on Shi Zhenduo's Ben cao bu (Supplemented materia medica)].

    PubMed

    Zhen, Xueyan; Zheng, Jinsheng

    2002-10-01

    Being called "precursor of pharmacy imported from the west" by Fan Xingzhun, a famous medical historian, Ben cao bu was lost in China. It has been found outside China recently. This article deals with the author, blockprinting edition, contents of the book and makes a comparison with its texts cited in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplemented Compendium of Materia Medica). It also evaluates the practical significance of this book as an early dissemination of pharmacy imported from the west.

  3. Ochratoxin A and β2-microglobulin in BEN patients and controls.

    PubMed

    Yordanova, Pavlina; Wilfried, Karmaus; Tsolova, Svetla; Dimitrov, Plamen

    2010-04-01

    Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin naturally occurring in different foods. OTA is arguably a risk factor for Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN). The aims of this study are to (1) test the OTA-BEN association in BEN-groups and controls and (2) determine whether urine β2-microglobulin, a marker of impaired ability of the kidneys to re-absorb, is related to OTA. BEN patients had significantly higher OTA serum levels. Within the offspring, OTA was significantly related to higher β2-microglobulin excretion. OTA (2005/2006) was related to a higher incidence of BEN after 2008, providing further evidence that OTA is a risk factor for BEN.

  4. The health of loblolly pine stands at Fort Benning, GA

    Treesearch

    Soung-Ryoul Ryu; G. Geoff Wang; Joan L. Walker

    2013-01-01

    Approximately two-thirds of the red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) (RCW) groups at Fort Benning, GA, depend on loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) stands for nesting or foraging. However, loblolly pine stands are suspected to decline. Forest managers want to replace loblolly pine with longleaf pine (P. palustris...

  5. Discourse Particles in French Conversation: "(eh) ben, bon, and enfin."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Betsy K.

    1995-01-01

    Patterns of use of the French particles "bon, (eh) ben, and enfin" were analyzed in a corpus of spontaneous multispeaker conversation. Results show that each particle marks a particular type of discontinuity in the discourse. Turn-initial and turn-medial patterns are described for each. (17 references) (Author/MSE)

  6. Sifting through the Essential Fictions of Nonfiction: Contextualizing Ben Franklin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smart, Karl

    One of the greatest myths or fictions of nonfiction is that it contains no fiction. Ben Franklin's flight from Boston to Philadelphia illustrates how changes occur in the retelling of the "facts" of a life. In his "Autobiography," Franklin writes that his friend, Collins, arranged for a ship's passage for Franklin by telling…

  7. Darton College Customized Nursing Program for the Fort Benning Community and Research Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Award Number: W81XWH-11-2-0205 TITLE: Darton College Customized Nursing Program for the Fort Benning Community and Research Project PRINCIPAL...to Final 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 14 Sep 2013 - 13 Oct 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Darton College Customized Nursing Program for the Fort Benning...Customized Nursing Programs for the Fort Benning Community were created specifically for the Fort Benning military community. The Customized Nursing

  8. Registration of four soybean germplasm lines containing defoliating insect resistance QTLS from PI 229358 introgressed into 'Benning'

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Five soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] germplasm lines were developed by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations and released in 2005: G95-Ben335 (Reg. No. GP-332, PI 644042), G95-Ben1818 (Reg. No. GP-333, PI 644043), G95-Ben2403 (Reg. No. GP-334, PI 644044), G95-Ben2448 (Reg. No. GP-335, PI 644...

  9. How BenMAP-CE Estimates the Health and Economic Effects of Air Pollution

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The BenMAP-CE tool estimates the number and economic value of health impacts resulting from changes in air quality - specifically, ground-level ozone and fine particles. Learn what data BenMAP-CE uses and how the estimates are calculated.

  10. Model for Determination of Student Attrition: Causes and Trends. B.E.N. Student Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keim, H. David, II; Stevenson, Alice F.

    A model for the identification and analysis of student attrition within the North Carolina community college system was tested in 1980-1981.The three institutions selected to conduct the study--Beaufort County Community College, Edgecombe Technical College, and Nash Technical Institute (BEN)--named the project the BEN Student Retention Research…

  11. From Cherries Garcia to Child Care--The Story of Ben & Jerry's Children's Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Bonnie

    1990-01-01

    Jerry Greenfield, of Ben and Jerry's Ice Cream, and David Barash, director of human resources for the company, are interviewed about the Ben and Jerry's Children's Center. Objectives of management and employees regarding the center are discussed. Contributions of the company and its employees to the development of the center are noted. (SH)

  12. 40 CFR 721.1150 - Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine. 721.1150 Section 721.1150 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC... Substances § 721.1150 Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...

  13. From Cherries Garcia to Child Care--The Story of Ben & Jerry's Children's Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Bonnie

    1990-01-01

    Jerry Greenfield, of Ben and Jerry's Ice Cream, and David Barash, director of human resources for the company, are interviewed about the Ben and Jerry's Children's Center. Objectives of management and employees regarding the center are discussed. Contributions of the company and its employees to the development of the center are noted. (SH)

  14. BEN:LINCS: A Community Model for the Pennsylvania Education Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrigan, Scott

    BEN:LINCS (Bethlehem Education Network: A Local Instructional Network for Culture and Science), a Pennsylvania Testbed Project, attempts to demonstrate a sustainable model that supports network-based educational activities among schools, homes, libraries, museums, and local cultural organizations. The BEN:LINCS project envisioned a community-based…

  15. Model for Determination of Student Attrition: Causes and Trends. B.E.N. Student Retention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keim, H. David, II; Stevenson, Alice F.

    A model for the identification and analysis of student attrition within the North Carolina community college system was tested in 1980-1981.The three institutions selected to conduct the study--Beaufort County Community College, Edgecombe Technical College, and Nash Technical Institute (BEN)--named the project the BEN Student Retention Research…

  16. 78 FR 61385 - Aleris Recycling Bens Run, LLC, a Subsidiary of Aleris Corporation, Including On-Site Leased...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... Employment and Training Administration Aleris Recycling Bens Run, LLC, a Subsidiary of Aleris Corporation... former workers of Aleris Recycling Bens Run, LLC, Friendly, West Virginia (subject firm). The Department..., have not been met and, therefore, deny the petition for group eligibility of Aleris Recycling Bens Run...

  17. [Japanese monograph of dietary Chinese materia medica: Ben chao shi jian].

    PubMed

    Zhou, Min

    2009-01-01

    Ben chao shi jian was a monograph of dietary Chinese materia medica written by Japanese doctor: [see text], following the style of Ben cao gang mu (Compendium of Materia Medica). The book consulted Ben cao gang mu and associated with the actual situation of Japan, making elaborate illustrations on the function, toxicity, form feature, manufacture and collection of 442 kinds of dietary Chinese material medica produced from Japan and combining organically with all kinds of knowledges including medicice and pharmacology, health preservation, nutriology and gastrology etc. It was a very important work in the developmental history of dietology and medicative dietology in Japan with high practical and academic values.

  18. [Discussion on Tang edition (TE) and notes of the Tang edition (NT) under the "ink cap" in Zheng lei ben cao (Classified materia medica)].

    PubMed

    Shang, Zhijun

    2002-04-01

    The TE and NT cited under ink cap in Zheng lei ben cao (Classified Materia Medica) cannot be found in the contents and fragmentary volumes of Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica), yet can be seen in the "annotations of Shu ben cao (Materia Medica of Sichuan)", cited by Zhang Yuxi. This showed that the TE and NT were, in fact, coming from Shu ben cao, whose old name was Chong guang ying gong ben cao (Augmented Yinggong's Materia Medica). The so - called Yinggong was Li Ji, who compiled Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty) by the imperial order, and gained the title Master Yingguogong, hence the title. Chong guang ying gong ben cao was meant revised Tang ben cao. This was the reason why Tang Shenwei called Shu ben cao as Tang ben cao right away in his Zheng lei ben cao.

  19. [Academic heritage of Jiu huang ben cao (Materia Medica for Relief of Famines) in Japan].

    PubMed

    He, Huiling; Xiao, Yongzhi

    2014-11-01

    Jiu huang ben cao (Materia Medica for Relief of Famines) was the first monograph on famines herbal in the history of China, which creates a new research field of edible plants. Around the middle and late 17th century, Jiu huang ben cao was spread to Japan and aroused great attention of famous Japanese herbalists. Thus, all versions of different edition systems were circulated in Japan. Later, some famous Japanese scholar ssuccessively quoted texts of Jiu huang ben cao from the Nong zheng quan shu (Whole book on Agricultural Administration) spread in Japan, and block-printed it as an independent work. As a result, Jiu huang ben cao virtually circulated widely in Japan.

  20. [Investigation on bookstore block-printed editions of Zheng He Ben Cao in Ming Dynasty].

    PubMed

    Li, Jian; Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Liang, Fei

    2011-05-01

    Many editions of Zheng He Ben Cao was published in Ming Dynasty. The bookstore block-printed editions recorded are Liu's Rixintang Edition in Zhengde year 14 (1519 AD), Yangxianchun Gui Renzai Edition and Jinling Tang's Fuchuntang Edition in Wanli year 6 (1578 AD). Rixintang Edition took Chenghua year 4 (1478 AD) Edition as source text and inherited the mistakes too. Guirenzai Version took Rixintang Version as source text, thereafter, Fuchuntang version took Guirenzai Version. Errors, missing, rough collation handed down from one version to another, thus in Fuchuntang Version, mistakes jumped out on each page. In order to attract more buyers, the bookstores erase the name Chong Xiu Zheng He Jing Shi Zheng Lei Bei Yong Ben Cao and change the name to Da Guan Ben Cao Gang Mu Quan Shu or Da Guan Ben Cao.

  1. VISIT TO DR SHARP - BEN PINKEL - ABE SILVERSTEIN - OSCAR SCHEY - JESSE HALL - JOHN COLLINS BY CONGRE

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1949-01-01

    VISIT TO DR SHARP - BEN PINKEL - ABE SILVERSTEIN - OSCAR SCHEY - JESSE HALL - JOHN COLLINS BY CONGRESSMAN CARL HENSHAW FROM CALIFORNIA - NORWICK ROSS DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE - SENOR BUCH DE PERADA REPRESENTATIVE FROM MEXICO -

  2. [Investigation on supplements from Tang Edition (TE) cited in Jia You ben cao (Materia medica of Jia You reign)].

    PubMed

    Yu, Shun

    2004-01-01

    Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica), also called Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty) is the first state pharmacopoeia in the world, the original edition of which was lost yet cited by various books. After analyzing the TE in Jia You ben cao (Materia Medica of Jia You Reign) supplemantarily cited by Zhang Yuxi in the Song Dynasty, the author holds that Zhang himself didn't witness Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica) and the so-called TE ought to be derived from Shu ben cao (Materia Medica of Sichuan) because both share the same features. Inference can also be drawn that Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica) might have been lost at the time when Jia You ben cao (Materia Medica of Jia You Reign) was compiled in the 2nd year of Jia You Reign (A.D.1057). As the TE was not directly extracted from Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica), the trustworthiness of the texts allegedly cited from Xin xiu ben cao should be evaluated in many ways and it should be dealt with prudently while recompiling Xin xiu ben cao (Newly Revised Materia Medica).

  3. A novel TPR-BEN domain interaction mediates PICH-BEND3 association.

    PubMed

    Pitchai, Ganesha P; Kaulich, Manuel; Bizard, Anna H; Mesa, Pablo; Yao, Qi; Sarlos, Kata; Streicher, Werner W; Nigg, Erich A; Montoya, Guillermo; Hickson, Ian D

    2017-09-05

    PICH is a DNA translocase required for the maintenance of chromosome stability in human cells. Recent data indicate that PICH co-operates with topoisomerase IIα to suppress pathological chromosome missegregation through promoting the resolution of ultra-fine anaphase bridges (UFBs). Here, we identify the BEN domain-containing protein 3 (BEND3) as an interaction partner of PICH in human cells in mitosis. We have purified full length PICH and BEND3 and shown that they exhibit a functional biochemical interaction in vitro. We demonstrate that the PICH-BEND3 interaction occurs via a novel interface between a TPR domain in PICH and a BEN domain in BEND3, and have determined the crystal structure of this TPR-BEN complex at 2.2 Å resolution. Based on the structure, we identified amino acids important for the TPR-BEN domain interaction, and for the functional interaction of the full-length proteins. Our data reveal a proposed new function for BEND3 in association with PICH, and the first example of a specific protein-protein interaction mediated by a BEN domain. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

  4. Ben's perception of space and subitizing activity: a constructivist teaching experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDonald, Beth L.

    2015-12-01

    This 22-session constructivist teaching experiment set out to investigate a preschool student's number understanding relative to his subitizing activity. Subitizing, a quick apprehension of the numerosity of a small set of items, has been found to characterize perceptual and conceptual processes students rely on as their understanding of number develops. The purpose for this study is to investigate how a preschool student's, Ben, perceptual subitizing activity changed relative to the density of items and the development of his number understanding. Findings indicated that early on in the teaching experiment, Ben's perceptual subitizing activity was influenced by his primary reliance upon the perceived amount of space between items. Shifts in reasoning when perceptually subitizing indicated physiological and experiential development in Ben's number understanding, as Ben described the number of items increasing when the perceived amount of space between items decreased. Number conservation was considered as relevant to these findings because Ben's explanation for why a number could increase or decrease mirrored similar logic when unable to conserve number. Implications of this study suggest nuances in number understanding development which can explain preschool students' reliance upon a more refined set of perceptual subitizing.

  5. Health effects of toxic organic compounds from coal; the case Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Orem, W.H.; Tatu, C.A.

    2001-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a serious kidney disease that occurs only in clusters of rural villages located in tributary valleys of the Danube River in the Balkan Peninsula. It is believed that at least 25,000 persons are suffering from BEN or are suspected of having the disease and that the total number of people at risk may exceed 100,000. BEN was first described as a distinct medical entity in 1956, but it may have existed undescribed for many centuries. The geographic distribution of the disease has not changed significantly since the 1950's. Villages afflicted in the past continue to have cases of BEN, while villages with no history of BEN (some of which are only a few miles from affected villages) have remained free of this disease. Work by the U.S. Geological Survey and others in the early 1990's noted the close correspondence between the location of the affected villages and the occurrence of coal deposits, specifically lignites deposited in the Pliocene Epoch 5.3 million to 1.6 million years ago.

  6. [Collation between Za Liao of Qian Jin Yi Fang and Xin Xiu Ben Cao].

    PubMed

    Liang, Fei; Jiang, Li-Sheng; Li, Jian; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Rui-Xian

    2012-10-01

    To analyze specific content of Za Liao of Qian Jin Yi Fang, this essay compares its content with related content of Xin Xiu Ben Cao, finding that Za Liao of Qian Jin Yi Fang is derived from the part of Jin An of Xin Xiu Ben Cao, which complements with herbal chapters from volume II to IV of Qian Jin Yi Fang. The texts in Za Liao can verify and collate part of Jin An, and thereby showing important literature value and great help for further studies on traditional Chinese medicines of Tang dynasty.

  7. Dr. von Braun on top of the Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    This photograph depicts Dr. von Braun (at right, showing his back) and other NASA officials surveying the deep-sea research submarine 'Ben Franklin.' Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  8. Dr. von Braun on Top of the Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    This photograph depicts Dr. von Braun (fourth from far right) and other NASA officials surveying the deep-sea research submarine 'Ben Franklin.' Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  9. Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin' at the East Coast of the United States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    In this photograph, the deep-sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin' drifts off the East Coast of the United States (U.S.) prior to submerging into the ocean. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  10. Interior View of the Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    This is an interior view of the living quarters of the deep-sea research submarine 'Ben Franklin.' Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep- ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effect of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  11. Education, Life Expectancy and Family Bargaining: The Ben-Porath Effect Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leker, Laura; Ponthiere, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Following Ben-Porath [1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life-Cycle of Earnings." "Journal of Political Economy" 75 (3): 352-365], the influence of life expectancy on education and on human capital has attracted much attention among growth theorists. Whereas existing growth models rely on an education decision made…

  12. Electronic Theses at Ben-Gurion University: Israel as Part of the Worldwide ETD Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asner, Haya; Polani, Tsviya

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the electronic thesis and dissertation project at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva, Israel. It describes the status of the ETD movement in Israel as part of the worldwide spread of ETDs as reported in the literature. It also examines openness to ETDs by faculty and by publisher discipline. (Contains 6…

  13. Interior View of the Deep-Sea Research Submarine 'Ben Franklin'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1969-01-01

    This is an interior view of the living quarters of the deep-sea research submarine 'Ben Franklin.' Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep- ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effect of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  14. Systematic revision of the mealybug genus Delottococcus Cox & Ben-Dov (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A systematic revision of the mealybug genus Delottococcus Cox & Ben-Dov is presented. Nine species are treated, including D. millari which is described as new. The 8 previously described species are: Delottococcus aberiae (De Lotto), D. confusus (De Lotto), D. elisabethae (Brain), D. euphorbiae (E...

  15. LADAR MOUT Evaluation (LAME) conducted at the McKenna MOUT site, Fort Benning, Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grobmyer, Joseph E., Jr.; Lum, Tommy; Morris, Robert E.

    2002-07-01

    The Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) of the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) conducted a series of Captive Flight Tests (CFT) gathering urban Laser Radar (LADAR) imagery at the McKenna Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) facility located at Fort Benning, Georgia, July 18 through August 4, 2001.

  16. Factors influencing loblolly pine stand health in Fort Benning, Georgia, USA

    Treesearch

    Soung Ryoul Ryu; G. Geoff Wang; Joan L. Walker

    2013-01-01

    Loblolly pine (LBP; Pinus taeda L.) stands provide two-thirds of the existing federally protected red-cockaded woodpecker (RCW; Picoides borealis) habitat in Fort Benning, Georgia, USA. However, LBP in this area is suspected to face a forest decline issue, which may risk the sustainability of the RCW population. Land managers are attempting to convert LBP stands to...

  17. Military vehicle trafficking impacts vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling off-road during training are of concern to the United States military. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess the traffi...

  18. Military vehicle trafficking impacts on vegetation and soil bulk density at Fort Benning, Georgia

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Potential increases in wind erosion that might be brought about by military vehicles travelling on off-road sites during training are of concern to the Military establishment. Field studies were conducted in the summer of 2012 at Fort Benning, Georgia. The objective of the experiment was to assess t...

  19. Electronic Theses at Ben-Gurion University: Israel as Part of the Worldwide ETD Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asner, Haya; Polani, Tsviya

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the electronic thesis and dissertation project at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva, Israel. It describes the status of the ETD movement in Israel as part of the worldwide spread of ETDs as reported in the literature. It also examines openness to ETDs by faculty and by publisher discipline. (Contains 6…

  20. Education, Life Expectancy and Family Bargaining: The Ben-Porath Effect Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leker, Laura; Ponthiere, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Following Ben-Porath [1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life-Cycle of Earnings." "Journal of Political Economy" 75 (3): 352-365], the influence of life expectancy on education and on human capital has attracted much attention among growth theorists. Whereas existing growth models rely on an education decision made…

  1. Pressure-induced stable BeN4 as a high-energy density material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Shoutao; Zhao, Ziyuan; Liu, Lulu; Yang, Guochun

    2017-10-01

    Polynitrogens are the ideal rocket fuels or propellants. Due to strong triple N≡N bond in N2, the direct polymerization of nitrogen is rather difficult (i.e. extreme high temperature and high pressure). However, the use of nitrides as precursors or the reaction of N2 with other elements has been proved to be an effective way to obtain polynitrogens. Here, with assistance of the advanced first-principles swarm-intelligence structure searches, we found that P 1 bar -BeN4, containing infinite zigzag-like polymeric nitrogen chains, can be synthesized by compressing the mixture of Be3N2 and N2 at 25.4 GPa, which is greatly lower than 110 GPa for synthesizing cubic gauche nitrogen and other polynitrogen compounds (e.g. bulk CNO at 52 GPa and SN4 at 49 GPa). Its structural stability can be attributed to the coexistence of ionic Be-N and covalent N-N bonds. Intriguingly, this phase has high kinetic stability and remains metastable at ambient pressure. The exceptional properties, including high energy density (3.60 kJ g-1), high nitrogen content (86.1%), high dynamical stability, and low polymerization pressure, make P 1 bar -structured BeN4 a promising high energy material. Infinite nitrogen chains in P 1 bar -BeN4 transform to N10 rings network in P21/c phase at 115.1 GPa. P 1 bar -BeN4 is metallic, while P21/c-BeN4 is an insulator.

  2. Ant community composition across a gradient of disturbed military landscapes at Fort Benning, Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Graham, J.H.; Krzysik, A.J.; Kovacic, D.A.; Duda, J.J.; Freeman, D.C.; Emlen, J.M.; Zak, J.C.; Long, W.R.; Wallace, M.P.; Chamberlin-Graham, C.; Nutter, J.P.; Balbach, H.E.

    2008-01-01

    Military training, soil texture, and ground cover influence ant communities at Fort Benning, a military installation in west-central Georgia. We sampled 81,237 ground-dwelling ants (47 species in 20 genera) with pitfall traps at 40 sites on a continuum from nearly pristine forest to highly disturbed training areas. We also measured 15 environmental variables related to vegetation and soil. Sites disturbed by military training had fewer trees, less canopy cover, more bare ground, and more compact soils with shallower A-horizons than comparable undisturbed sites. Pheidole bicarinata, Dorymyrmex smithi, and Pogonomyrmex badius dominated the most highly disturbed sites. Competitively submissive myrmicines, such as Aphaenogaster and Crematogaster, and formicines, such as Camponotus and Formica, were abundant in the undisturbed sites. Solenopsis invicta occurred in all but the least disturbed sites. Ant community composition was a useful indicator of disturbance at Fort Benning.

  3. Electrotastic Solitary Waves (ESW) in the magnetotail: BEN wave forms observed by GEOTAIL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Matsumoto, H.; Kojima, H.; Miyatake, T.; Omura, Y.; Okada, M.; Nagano, I.; Tsutsui, M.

    1994-01-01

    Wave forms of BEN (Broadband Electrostatic Noise) in the geomagnetic tail were first detected by the Wave Form Capture reciever on the GEOTAIL spacecraft. The results show that most of the BEN in the plasma sheet boundary layer (PSBL) are not continuous broadband noise but are composed of a series of solitary pulses having a special form which we term 'Electrostatic Solitary Waves (ESW)'. A nonlinear BGK potential model is proposed as the generation mechanism for the ESW based upon a simple particle simulation which considers the highly nonlinear evolution of the electron beam instability. The wave forms produced by this simulation are very similar to those observed by GEOTAIL and suggest that the nonlinear dynamics of the electron beam play an essential role in the generation of ESW.

  4. Feasibility Study for the 7Be+n Reaction Measurements by Trojan Horse Method at CRIB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abe, K.; Hayakawa, S.; Yamaguchi, H.; Lamia, L.

    The aim of this experiment is to reduce the uncertainty of 7Li abundance prediction by measuring cross sections of the relevant reactions, 7Be(n, p)7Li and 7Be(n, α )4He. To measure such neutron-induced reactions with Radio Isotopes, we planed to measure the cross sections by applying Trojan Horse method via three-body reactions 7Be(d, p7Li)p and 7Be(d, α α )p in inverse kinematics at CRIB (Center for Nuclear Study RI Beam separator). We present the feasibility for the simultaneous measurement of these reactions by showing designs of the experimental setup with kinematical simulations. Predictions of possible excitation functions by R-matrix calculation are also discussed.

  5. Darton College Customized Nursing Program for the Fort Benning Community and Research Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    rather than do all their work on small devices. However, there are audio files of content that the students may wish to access on smart phones, MP3...devices. However, there are audio files of content that the students may wish to access on smart phones, MP3 devices, or other devices...to his new job. She has continued to work on the Fort Benning project as a consultant. Bill Wally was hired May 21 to fill this position. He is a

  6. Study of BenW (n = 1-12) clusters: An electron collision perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Modak, Paresh; Kaur, Jaspreet; Antony, Bobby

    2017-08-01

    This article explores electron scattering cross sections by Beryllium-Tungsten clusters (BenW). Beryllium and tungsten are important elements for plasma facing wall components, especially for the deuterium/tritium phase of ITER and in the recently installed JET. The present study focuses on different electron impact interactions in terms of elastic cross section (Qel), inelastic cross section (Qinel), ionization cross section (Qion), and momentum transfer cross section (Qmtcs) for the first twelve clusters belonging to the BenW family. It also predicts the evolution of the cross section with the size of the cluster. These cross sections are used as an input to model processes in plasma. The ionization cross section presented here is compared with the available reported data. This is the first comprehensive report on cross section data for all the above-mentioned scattering channels, to the best of our knowledge. Such broad analysis of cross section data gives vital insight into the study of local chemistry of electron interactions with BenW (n = 1-12) clusters in plasma.

  7. Land Cover Differences in Soil Carbon and Nitrogen at Fort Benning, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Garten Jr., C.T.

    2004-02-09

    Land cover characterization might help land managers assess the impacts of management practices and land cover change on attributes linked to the maintenance and/or recovery of soil quality. However, connections between land cover and measures of soil quality are not well established. The objective of this limited investigation was to examine differences in soil carbon and nitrogen among various land cover types at Fort Benning, Georgia. Forty-one sampling sites were classified into five major land cover types: deciduous forest, mixed forest, evergreen forest or plantation, transitional herbaceous vegetation, and barren land. Key measures of soil quality (including mineral soil density, nitrogen availability, soil carbon and nitrogen stocks, as well as properties and chemistry of the O-horizon) were significantly different among the five land covers. In general, barren land had the poorest soil quality. Barren land, created through disturbance by tracked vehicles and/or erosion, had significantly greater soil density and a substantial loss of carbon and nitrogen relative to soils at less disturbed sites. We estimate that recovery of soil carbon under barren land at Fort Benning to current day levels under transitional vegetation or forests would require about 60 years following reestablishment of vegetation. Maps of soil carbon and nitrogen were produced for Fort Benning based on a 1999 land cover map and field measurements of soil carbon and nitrogen stocks under different land cover categories.

  8. [Textual research on Costus root (Aucklandia lappa Decne) in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica)].

    PubMed

    Li, Guangyan; Wang, Dequn; Fang, Shiying; Xu, Maohong

    2014-05-01

    Aucklandia lappa Decne was first recorded in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica). Through the textual research of herbal literature, it was found that the costus root in the Sheng nong ben cao jing perhaps was not the plant of Aucklandia lappa Decne of Compositae, but the eaglewood or Lignum Aquilasria Resinatum based on the comprehensive judgment of shape, taste, nature, and function etc. In the Sheng nong ben cao jing, it only includes costus root without the title of eaglewood, and Tao Hongjing recorded both herbs together in his Ming yi bie lu (Supplementary Records of Celebrated Physicians), which became a foreshadow of misunderstanding of the later generations. Beginning from the Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty), the costus root was considered as the plant of Auckiandia lappa Decne from the Compostae with its profound influence until now.

  9. 76 FR 28005 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for Training Land Expansion at Fort Benning, GA and AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... Benning, GA and AL AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA). SUMMARY: The... comment period will end 45 days after publication of the ] NOA in the Federal Register by the...

  10. Impacts of prescribed fire on ecosystem C and N cycles at Fort Benning Installation, Georgia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, S.; Liu, S.; Tieszen, L.

    2007-12-01

    A critical challenge for the land managers at military installation is to maintain the ecological sustainability of natural resources while meeting the needs of military training. Prescribed ground fire as a land management practice has been used to remove the ground layer plants at Fort Benning for two purposes: to facilitate access for military training, and to maintain and restore fire-adapted longleaf pine communities that are critical habitat for the federally endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). Nevertheless, the impacts of prescribed fire on ecosystem processes and health are not well-understood and quantified at the plot to regional scales. Frequent fire may result in ecosystem nitrogen (N) deficiency due to repeated N loss through combustion, volatilization, and leaching, threatening ecosystem sustainability at Fort Benning. On the other hand, N loss may be offset by enhanced symbiotic N2 fixation since fire favors herbaceous legumes by scarifying legume seeds and stimulating germination. Quantifying the impacts of prescribed fire on ecosystem carbon (C) and N cycles is further complicated by interactions and feedbacks among burning, nitrogen inputs, other land use practices (e.g. tree thinning or clear-cutting), and soil properties. In this study, we used the Erosion-Deposition-Carbon Model (EDCM), a process-based biogeochemical model, to simulate C and N dynamic at Fort Benning under different combinations of fire frequency, fire intensity, nitrogen deposition, legume nitrogen input, forest harvesting, and soil sand content. Model simulations indicated that prescribed fire led to nitrogen losses from ecosystems at Fort Benning, especially with high intensity and high frequency fires. Forest harvesting further intensified ecosystem nitrogen limitation, leading to reduced biophysical potential of C sequestration. The adverse impacts of prescribed fire and forest harvesting on C and N cycles were much higher in more sandy soil than in

  11. Localization of BEN1-LIKE protein and nuclear degradation during development of metaphloem sieve elements in Triticum aestivum L.

    PubMed

    Cai, Jingtong; Zhang, Zhihui; Zhou, Zhuqing; Yang, Wenli; Liu, Yang; Mei, Fangzhu; Zhou, Guangsheng; Wang, Likai

    2015-03-01

    Metaphloem sieve elements (MSEs) in the developing caryopsis of Triticum aestivum L. undergo a unique type of programmed cell death (PCD); cell organelles gradually degrade with the MSE differentiation while mature sieve elements keep active. This study focuses on locating BEN1-LIKE protein and nuclear degradation in differentiating MSEs of wheat. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed that nuclei degraded in MSE development. First, the degradation started at 2-3 days after flowering (DAF). The degraded fragments were then swallowed by phagocytic vacuoles at 4 DAF. Finally, nuclei almost completely degraded at 5 DAF. We measured the BEN1-LIKE protein expression in differentiating MSEs. In situ hybridization showed that BEN1-LIKE mRNA was a more obvious hybridization signal at 3-4 DAF at the microscopic level. Immuno-electron microscopy further revealed that BEN1-LIKE protein was mainly localized in MSE nuclei. Furthermore, MSE differentiation was tested using a TSQ Zn2+ fluorescence probe which showed that the dynamic change of Zn2+ accumulation was similar to BEN1-LIKE protein expression. These results suggest that nucleus degradation in wheat MSEs is associated with BEN1-LIKE protein and that the expression of this protein may be regulated by Zn2+ accumulation variation.

  12. Structure of a putative BenF-like porin from Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 at 2.6 A resolution

    SciTech Connect

    Sampathkumar, P.; Swaminathan, S.; Lu, F.; Zhao, X.; Li, Z.; Gilmore, J.; Bain, K.; Rutter, M. E.; Gheyi, T.; Schwinn, D.; Bonanno, J. B.; Pieper, U.; Fajardo, J. E.; Fiser, A.; Almo, S. C.; Chance, M. R.; Baker, D.; Atwell, S.; Thompson, D. A.; Emtage, J. S.; Wasserman, S. R.; Sali, A.; Sauder, J. M.; Burley, S. K.

    2010-11-01

    Gram-negative bacteria typically overcome poor permeability of outer membranes through general porins like OmpF and OmpC, which form water-filled transmembrane pores permitting diffusion of hydrophilic molecules with no particular selectivity. Many bacteria lacking such general porins use substrate-specific porins to overcome growth-limiting conditions and facilitate selective transport of metabolites. Exclusive reliance on substrate-specific porins yields lower membrane permeability to small molecules (<600 Da) versus that seen for Escherichia coli. In Pseudomonads, transit of most small molecules across the cell membrane is thought to be mediated by substrate-specific channels of the OprD superfamily. This property explains, at least in part, the high incidence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibiotic resistance. High-throughput DNA sequencing of the P. aeruginosa chromosome revealed the presence of 19 genes encoding structurally related, substrate-specific porins (with 30-45% pairwise amino acid sequence identity) that mediate transmembrane passage of small, water-soluble compounds. The OprD superfamily encompasses the eponymous OprD subfamily, which includes 9 P. aeruginosa proteins that convey basic amino acids and carbapenem antibiotics, and the OpdK subfamily, which includes 11 P. aeruginosa proteins that convey aromatic acids and other small aromatic compounds. Genome sequencing of other gram-negative bacteria has revealed additional members of the OprD and OpdK subfamilies in various organisms, including other pseudomonads. Among the many bacteria in which OprD superfamily members have been identified are P. putida, P. fluorescens Pf-5, P. syringae, and Azotobacter vinelandii, all of which share closely related genes that encode the so-called BenF-like porins. In P. putida, benF is part of an operon involved in benzoate catabolism regulated by benR. Within this operon, benK, benE, and benF genes have been suggested to contribute toward either influx or efflux

  13. Inducer responses of BenM, a LysR-type transcriptional regulator from Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1

    SciTech Connect

    Craven, Sarah H.; Ezezika, Obidimma C.; Haddad, Sandra; Hall, Ruth A.; Momany, Cory; Neidle, Ellen L.; Georgia

    2009-06-25

    BenM and CatM control transcription of a complex regulon for aromatic compound degradation. These Acinetobacter baylyi paralogues belong to the largest family of prokaryotic transcriptional regulators, the LysR-type proteins. Whereas BenM activates transcription synergistically in response to two effectors, benzoate and cis,cis-muconate, CatM responds only to cis,cis-muconate. Here, site-directed mutagenesis was used to determine the physiological significance of an unexpected benzoate-binding pocket in BenM discovered during structural studies. Residues in BenM were changed to match those of CatM in this hydrophobic pocket. Two BenM residues, R160 and Y293, were found to mediate the response to benzoate. Additionally, alteration of these residues caused benzoate to inhibit activation by cis,cis-muconate, positioned in a separate primary effector-binding site of BenM. The location of the primary site, in an interdomain cleft, is conserved in diverse LysR-type regulators. To improve understanding of this important family, additional regulatory mutants were analysed. The atomic-level structures were characterized of the effector-binding domains of variants that do not require inducers for activation, CatM(R156H) and BenM(R156H,T157S). These structures clearly resemble those of the wild-type proteins in their activated muconate-bound complexes. Amino acid replacements that enable activation without effectors reside at protein interfaces that may impact transcription through effects on oligomerization.

  14. Semiconductor quantum wells with BenDaniel-Duke boundary conditions: approximate analytical results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barsan, Victor; Ciornei, Mihaela-Cristina

    2017-01-01

    The Schrödinger equation for a particle moving in a square well potential with BenDaniel-Duke boundary conditions is solved. Using algebraic approximations for trigonometric functions, the transcendental equations of the bound states energy are transformed into tractable, algebraic equations. For the ground state and the first excited state, they are cubic equations; we obtain simple formulas for their physically interesting roots. The case of higher excited states is also analysed. Our results have direct applications in the physics of type I and type II semiconductor heterostructures.

  15. Territoriality of feral pigs in a highly persecuted population on Fort Benning, Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sparklin, B.D.; Mitchell, M.S.; Hanson, L.B.; Jolley, D.B.; Ditchkoff, S.S.

    2009-01-01

    We examined home range behavior of female feral pigs (Sus scrofa) in a heavily hunted population on Fort Benning Military Reservation in west-central Georgia, USA. We used Global Positioning System location data from 24 individuals representing 18 sounders (i.e., F social groups) combined with markrecapture and camera-trap data to evaluate evidence of territorial behavior at the individual and sounder levels. Through a manipulative experiment, we examined evidence for an inverse relationship between population density and home range size that would be expected for territorial animals. Pigs from the same sounder had extensive home range overlap and did not have exclusive core areas. Sounders had nearly exclusive home ranges and had completely exclusive core areas, suggesting that female feral pigs on Fort Benning were territorial at the sounder level but not at the individual level. Lethal removal maintained stable densities of pigs in our treatment area, whereas density increased in our control area; territory size in the 2 areas was weakly and inversely related to density of pigs. Territorial behavior in feral pigs could influence population density by limiting access to reproductive space. Removal strategies that 1) match distribution of removal efforts to distribution of territories, 2) remove entire sounders instead of individuals, and 3) focus efforts where high-quality food resources strongly influence territorial behaviors may be best for long-term control of feral pigs.

  16. Harmonizing Title V, PSD, and Air Emissions Inventories with EPA Mandatory Reporting for Greenhouse Gases at Fort Benning

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-12

    ing Plant ! 00 .. ~ Stationary Internal Combustion Sources ~l ·w Scope 2 - Indirect Emissions $· ·J.l Scope 3 - Other Emissions liJ ... J.l...1 - Direct Emis.sions\\ St ationary Exle r [ C02 -e] - US Army - Fort Benning\\ GHG Management System\\ Scope 1 - Direct Em is.sion s\\ Stationary...External C [ C02 -e Annual ] - US Arm y - Fort Benning\\ GHG ~lanagement System\\ Sccpe 1 - Di rect Emis.sions\\ Stationary Ext T I UO~I_Liqu id UOM_NatGas

  17. Development and Demonstration of a Hybrid Modeling Capability Within the Fort Benning HSPF Watershed Model: Refinement of Unpaved Road Simulation Using Wepp:Road

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A four-year project funded by the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) is in progress to develop a comprehensive watershed management model (using EPA’s BASINS modeling system and HSPF watershed model) for Fort Benning, Georgia. The resulting Fort Benning Watershed Model ...

  18. 76 FR 60452 - In the Matter of: Bahram Maghazehe, a.k.a. Benjamin Maghazehe, a.k.a. Ben Maghazehe, 154 Sequoia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security In the Matter of: Bahram Maghazehe, a.k.a. Benjamin Maghazehe, a.k.a. Ben Maghazehe, 154 Sequoia Drive, Newtown, PA 18940, Respondent; Order Relating to Bahram Maghazehe a.k.a. Benjamin Maghazehe a.k.a. Ben Maghazehe The Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce...

  19. [„Kids’ Skills” by Ben Furman – Description and Research Review].

    PubMed

    Perband, Anke; Haupts, Nadja; Rogner, Josef

    2016-01-01

    The article describes the programme „Kids’ Skills“ by the Finnish psychiatrist Ben Furman. „Kids’ Skills“ was developed to address behavioural issues in children. It is based on the assumption that children’s behavioural problems should not be pathologized, but can instead be corrected by learning a corresponding skill. The programme is characterised by its focus on strengths and its humorous and playful approach. The 15 steps of “Kids’ Skills” are intended to identify the specific skill, help generate a learning process and continue motivating the child. The authors describe the steps of the programme using a case study. They also address the limited number of existing studies, which have included a telephone and an online survey of practitioners using the programme, as well as case studies. The results of these studies are discussed with regard to their basis in evidence and practical relevance. Continuing research is recommended and possible implementations are suggested.

  20. Facial Age Synthesis Using Sparse Partial Least Squares (The Case of Ben Needham).

    PubMed

    Bukar, Ali M; Ugail, Hassan

    2017-09-01

    Automatic facial age progression (AFAP) has been an active area of research in recent years. This is due to its numerous applications which include searching for missing. This study presents a new method of AFAP. Here, we use an active appearance model (AAM) to extract facial features from available images. An aging function is then modelled using sparse partial least squares regression (sPLS). Thereafter, the aging function is used to render new faces at different ages. To test the accuracy of our algorithm, extensive evaluation is conducted using a database of 500 face images with known ages. Furthermore, the algorithm is used to progress Ben Needham's facial image that was taken when he was 21 months old to the ages of 6, 14, and 22 years. The algorithm presented in this study could potentially be used to enhance the search for missing people worldwide. © 2017 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  1. [Book Review] The Dead Sea, the lake and its setting, edited by T. Niemi, Z. Ben-Avraham, J. Gat

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ten Brink, Uri

    1998-01-01

    Review of The Dead Sea, the Lake and its Setting. Tina M. Niemi, Zvi Ben-Avraham, and Joel R. Gat (Editors). Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics No. 36. Oxford University Press, N.Y. 286 pp. ISBN 0-19-508703-8, 1997. $75.

  2. Development of the Fort Benning Dependents' Schools Multi-Ethnic Curriculum Guide and Human Relations Workshop; Post-Workshop Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort Benning Dependents' Schools, GA.

    Since the Korean War and the integration of all ethnic groups in the Army, the Fort Benning Dependents' Schools have served the educational needs of the sons and daughters of culturally different families living on the post. A letter from the Department of the Army on April 22, 1970 expressed the desires of the department to make greater efforts…

  3. 33 CFR 334.750 - Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.750 Section 334.750 Navigation and... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.750 Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force..., without the permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative...

  4. 33 CFR 334.750 - Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force Base; restricted area. 334.750 Section 334.750 Navigation and... RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.750 Ben's Lake, a tributary of Choctawhatchee Bay, Fla., at Eglin Air Force..., without the permission of the Commander, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, or his authorized representative...

  5. Bringing the Game into Disrepute": The Ben Cousins Saga, Sports Entertainment, Player Welfare and Surveillance in the Australian Football League

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Peter; Hickey, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    In 2007 the elite Australian Rules footballer Ben Cousins was suspended by the Australian Football League for 12 months for "bringing the game into disrepute". Cousins was the first, and at the time of writing, the only player to be suspended by the AFL for actions and behaviors that were claimed to be damaging to the reputation of the…

  6. Common and distinct DNA-binding and regulatory activities of the BEN-solo transcription factor family.

    PubMed

    Dai, Qi; Ren, Aiming; Westholm, Jakub O; Duan, Hong; Patel, Dinshaw J; Lai, Eric C

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the BEN (BANP, E5R, and NAC1) domain was recognized as a new class of conserved DNA-binding domain. The fly genome encodes three proteins that bear only a single BEN domain ("BEN-solo" factors); namely, Insensitive (Insv), Bsg25A (Elba1), and CG9883 (Elba2). Insv homodimers preferentially bind CCAATTGG palindromes throughout the genome to mediate transcriptional repression, whereas Bsg25A and Elba2 heterotrimerize with their obligate adaptor, Elba3 (i.e., the ELBA complex), to recognize a CCAATAAG motif in the Fab-7 insulator. While these data suggest distinct DNA-binding properties of BEN-solo proteins, we performed reporter assays that indicate that both Bsg25A and Elba2 can individually recognize Insv consensus sites efficiently. We confirmed this by solving the structure of Bsg25A complexed to the Insv site, which showed that key aspects of the BEN:DNA recognition strategy are similar between these proteins. We next show that both Insv and ELBA proteins are competent to mediate transcriptional repression via Insv consensus sequences but that the ELBA complex appears to be selective for the ELBA site. Reciprocally, genome-wide analysis reveals that Insv exhibits significant cobinding to class I insulator elements, indicating that it may also contribute to insulator function. Indeed, we observed abundant Insv binding within the Hox complexes with substantial overlaps with class I insulators, many of which bear Insv consensus sites. Moreover, Insv coimmunoprecipitates with the class I insulator factor CP190. Finally, we observed that Insv harbors exclusive activity among fly BEN-solo factors with respect to regulation of Notch-mediated cell fate choices in the peripheral nervous system. This in vivo activity is recapitulated by BEND6, a mammalian BEN-solo factor that conserves the Notch corepressor function of Insv but not its capacity to bind Insv consensus sites. Altogether, our data define an array of common and distinct biochemical and functional

  7. Common and distinct DNA-binding and regulatory activities of the BEN-solo transcription factor family

    PubMed Central

    Dai, Qi; Ren, Aiming; Westholm, Jakub O.; Duan, Hong; Patel, Dinshaw J.

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the BEN (BANP, E5R, and NAC1) domain was recognized as a new class of conserved DNA-binding domain. The fly genome encodes three proteins that bear only a single BEN domain (“BEN-solo” factors); namely, Insensitive (Insv), Bsg25A (Elba1), and CG9883 (Elba2). Insv homodimers preferentially bind CCAATTGG palindromes throughout the genome to mediate transcriptional repression, whereas Bsg25A and Elba2 heterotrimerize with their obligate adaptor, Elba3 (i.e., the ELBA complex), to recognize a CCAATAAG motif in the Fab-7 insulator. While these data suggest distinct DNA-binding properties of BEN-solo proteins, we performed reporter assays that indicate that both Bsg25A and Elba2 can individually recognize Insv consensus sites efficiently. We confirmed this by solving the structure of Bsg25A complexed to the Insv site, which showed that key aspects of the BEN:DNA recognition strategy are similar between these proteins. We next show that both Insv and ELBA proteins are competent to mediate transcriptional repression via Insv consensus sequences but that the ELBA complex appears to be selective for the ELBA site. Reciprocally, genome-wide analysis reveals that Insv exhibits significant cobinding to class I insulator elements, indicating that it may also contribute to insulator function. Indeed, we observed abundant Insv binding within the Hox complexes with substantial overlaps with class I insulators, many of which bear Insv consensus sites. Moreover, Insv coimmunoprecipitates with the class I insulator factor CP190. Finally, we observed that Insv harbors exclusive activity among fly BEN-solo factors with respect to regulation of Notch-mediated cell fate choices in the peripheral nervous system. This in vivo activity is recapitulated by BEND6, a mammalian BEN-solo factor that conserves the Notch corepressor function of Insv but not its capacity to bind Insv consensus sites. Altogether, our data define an array of common and distinct biochemical and functional

  8. Effects of Heavy, Tracked-Vehicle Disturbance on Forest Soil Properties at Fort Benning, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Garten, C.T.,JR.

    2004-05-20

    The purpose of this report is to describe the effects of heavy, tracked-vehicle disturbance on various measures of soil quality in training compartment K-11 at Fort Benning, Georgia. Predisturbance soil sampling in April and October of 2002 indicated statistically significant differences in soil properties between upland and riparian sites. Soil density was less at riparian sites, but riparian soils had significantly greater C and N concentrations and stocks than upland soils. Most of the C stock in riparian soils was associated with mineral-associated organic matter (i.e., the silt + clay fraction physically separated from whole mineral soil). Topographic differences in soil N availability were highly dependent on the time of sampling. Riparian soils had higher concentrations of extractable inorganic N than upland soils and also exhibited significantly greater soil N availability during the spring sampling. The disturbance experiment was performed in May 2003 by driving a D7 bulldozer through the mixed pine/hardwood forest. Post-disturbance sampling was limited to upland sites because training with heavy, tracked vehicles at Fort Benning is generally confined to upland soils. Soil sampling approximately one month after the experiment indicated that effects of the bulldozer were limited primarily to the forest floor (O-horizon) and the surface (0-10 cm) mineral soil. O-horizon dry mass and C stocks were significantly reduced, relative to undisturbed sites, and there was an indication of reduced mineral soil C stocks in the disturbance zone. Differences in the surface (0-10 cm) mineral soil also indicated a significant increase in soil density as a result of disturbance by the bulldozer. Although there was some tendency for greater soil N availability in disturbed soils, the changes were not significantly different from undisturbed controls. It is expected that repeated soil disturbance over time, which will normally occur in a military training area, would simply

  9. Analysis of PM2.5 using the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP).

    PubMed

    Davidson, Kenneth; Hallberg, Aaron; McCubbin, Donald; Hubbell, Bryan

    2007-02-01

    As epidemiological work from around the world continues to tie PM2.5 to serious adverse health effects, including premature mortality, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has developed a number of policies to reduce air pollution, including PM2.5. To assist in the benefit-cost analyses of these air pollution control policies, the U.S. EPA has developed the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP). BenMAP is meant to (1) provide a flexible tool for systematically analyzing impacts of changes in environmental quality in a timely fashion, (2) ensure that stakeholders can understand the assumptions underlying the analysis, and (3) adequately address uncertainty and variability. BenMAP uses a "damage-function" approach to estimate the health benefits of a change in air quality. The major components of the damage-function approach are population estimates, population exposure, adverse health effects, and economic costs. To demonstrate BenMAP's ability to analyze PM2.5 pollution control policy scenarios, we assess two sample applications: (1) benefits of a national-level air quality control program, and (2) benefits of attaining two annual PM2.5 standards in California (annual average standards of 15 microg/m3 and 12 microg/m3). In the former, we estimate a scenario where control of PM2.5 emissions results in $100 billion of benefits annually. In the analysis of alternative standards, we estimate that attaining the more stringent standard (12 microg/m3) would result in approximately 2000 fewer premature deaths each year than the 15 microg/m3 achieves. BenMAP has a number of features to help clarify the analysis process. It allows the user to record in a configuration all of the choices made during an analysis. Configurations are especially useful for recreating already existing policy analyses. Also, BenMAP has a number of reporting options, including a set of mapping tools that allows users to visually inspect their inputs and results.

  10. Modeling Soil Quality Thresholds to Ecosystem Recovery at Fort Benning, Georgia, USA

    SciTech Connect

    Garten Jr., C.T.

    2004-03-08

    The objective of this research was to use a simple model of soil C and N dynamics to predict nutrient thresholds to ecosystem recovery on degraded soils at Fort Benning, Georgia, in the southeastern USA. The model calculates aboveground and belowground biomass, soil C inputs and dynamics, soil N stocks and availability, and plant N requirements. A threshold is crossed when predicted soil N supplies fall short of predicted N required to sustain biomass accrual at a specified recovery rate. Four factors were important to development of thresholds to recovery: (1) initial amounts of aboveground biomass, (2) initial soil C stocks (i.e., soil quality), (3) relative recovery rates of biomass, and (4) soil sand content. Thresholds to ecosystem recovery predicted by the model should not be interpreted independent of a specified recovery rate. Initial soil C stocks influenced the predicted patterns of recovery by both old field and forest ecosystems. Forests and old fields on soils with varying sand content had different predicted thresholds to recovery. Soil C stocks at barren sites on Fort Benning generally lie below predicted thresholds to 100% recovery of desired future ecosystem conditions defined on the basis of aboveground biomass (18000 versus 360 g m{sup -2} for forests and old fields, respectively). Calculations with the model indicated that reestablishment of vegetation on barren sites to a level below the desired future condition is possible at recovery rates used in the model, but the time to 100% recovery of desired future conditions, without crossing a nutrient threshold, is prolonged by a reduced rate of forest growth. Predicted thresholds to ecosystem recovery were less on soils with more than 70% sand content. The lower thresholds for old field and forest recovery on more sandy soils are apparently due to higher relative rates of net soil N mineralization in more sandy soils. Calculations with the model indicate that a combination of desired future

  11. EnviroAtlas - Des Moines, IA - BenMAP Results by Block Group

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EnviroAtlas dataset demonstrates the effect of changes in pollution concentration on local populations in 312 block groups in Des Moines, Iowa. The US EPA's Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) was used to estimate the incidence of adverse health effects (i.e., mortality and morbidity) and associated monetary value that result from changes in pollution concentrations for Dallas, Polk, and Warren Counties, IA. Incidence and value estimates for the block groups are calculated using i-Tree models (www.itreetools.org), local weather data, pollution data, and U.S. Census derived population data. This dataset was produced by the US Forest Service to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets).

  12. Molecular epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Beni Mellal and Fquih Ben Saleh provinces in Morocco.

    PubMed

    Faiza, Sebti; Asmae, Hmamouch; Fatima, Amarir; Afafe, Fahmi; Bouchra, Delouane; Ibrahim, Abbasi; Abderrahim, Sadak; Khalid, Habbari; Mohamed, Rhajaoui; Hajiba, Fellah

    2015-09-01

    Leishmaniases are parasitic diseases frequent in the Mediterranean Basin. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been recently emerged in several new foci, causing a public health problem in Morocco. This study was performed to evaluate the epidemiological status of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Beni Mellal and Fquih Ben Saleh Provinces and to identify the causative agent. A total of 584 (56% female, 44% male) confirmed cases of CL were enrolled during the study period 2000-2012. Majority of cases (56%) were recorded in three sectors: Zaouiat Cheikh, Beni Mellal and Oulad Ayad. Fisher statistical test showed that there is a significant effect of the total cases of CL affected in the 185 localities. The age distribution of CL cases was relatively stable, with the majority of patients (62.34%) aged less than 9 years old with significant differences (p-value<2.2e-16). CL lesions were mostly located on the face (89%). The average number of lesions per patient was 1.38. Leishmania tropica was identified as the causative agent based on species-specific ITS1-PCR-RFLP assay. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. EnviroAtlas - Fresno, CA - BenMAP Results by Block Group

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EnviroAtlas dataset demonstrates the effect of changes in pollution concentration on local populations in 405 block groups in Fresno, California. The US EPA's Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) was used to estimate the incidence of adverse health effects (i.e., mortality and morbidity) and associated monetary value that result from changes in pollution concentrations for Fresno County, CA. Incidence and value estimates for the block groups are calculated using i-Tree models (www.itreetools.org), local weather data, pollution data, and U.S. Census derived population data. This dataset was produced by the US Forest Service to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets).

  14. A BEN-domain-containing protein associates with heterochromatin and represses transcription

    PubMed Central

    Sathyan, Kizhakke M.; Shen, Zhen; Tripathi, Vidisha; Prasanth, Kannanganattu V.; Prasanth, Supriya G.

    2011-01-01

    In eukaryotes, higher order chromatin structure governs crucial cellular processes including DNA replication, transcription and post-transcriptional gene regulation. Specific chromatin-interacting proteins play vital roles in the maintenance of chromatin structure. We have identified BEND3, a quadruple BEN domain-containing protein that is highly conserved amongst vertebrates. BEND3 colocalizes with HP1 and H3 trimethylated at K9 at heterochromatic regions in mammalian cells. Using an in vivo gene locus, we have been able to demonstrate that BEND3 associates with the locus only when it is heterochromatic and dissociates upon activation of transcription. Furthermore, tethering BEND3 inhibits transcription from the locus, indicating that BEND3 is involved in transcriptional repression through its interaction with histone deacetylases and Sall4, a transcription repressor. We further demonstrate that BEND3 is SUMOylated and that such modifications are essential for its role in transcriptional repression. Finally, overexpression of BEND3 causes premature chromatin condensation and extensive heterochromatinization, resulting in cell cycle arrest. Taken together, our data demonstrate the role of a novel heterochromatin-associated protein in transcriptional repression. PMID:21914818

  15. A BEN-domain-containing protein associates with heterochromatin and represses transcription.

    PubMed

    Sathyan, Kizhakke M; Shen, Zhen; Tripathi, Vidisha; Prasanth, Kannanganattu V; Prasanth, Supriya G

    2011-09-15

    In eukaryotes, higher order chromatin structure governs crucial cellular processes including DNA replication, transcription and post-transcriptional gene regulation. Specific chromatin-interacting proteins play vital roles in the maintenance of chromatin structure. We have identified BEND3, a quadruple BEN domain-containing protein that is highly conserved amongst vertebrates. BEND3 colocalizes with HP1 and H3 trimethylated at K9 at heterochromatic regions in mammalian cells. Using an in vivo gene locus, we have been able to demonstrate that BEND3 associates with the locus only when it is heterochromatic and dissociates upon activation of transcription. Furthermore, tethering BEND3 inhibits transcription from the locus, indicating that BEND3 is involved in transcriptional repression through its interaction with histone deacetylases and Sall4, a transcription repressor. We further demonstrate that BEND3 is SUMOylated and that such modifications are essential for its role in transcriptional repression. Finally, overexpression of BEND3 causes premature chromatin condensation and extensive heterochromatinization, resulting in cell cycle arrest. Taken together, our data demonstrate the role of a novel heterochromatin-associated protein in transcriptional repression.

  16. EnviroAtlas - Durham, NC - BenMAP Results by Block Group

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EnviroAtlas dataset demonstrates the effect of changes in pollution concentration on local populations in 193 block groups in Durham, North Carolina. The US EPA's Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) was used to estimate the incidence of adverse health effects (i.e., mortality and morbidity) and associated monetary value that result from changes in pollution concentrations for Durham and Orange Counties, NC. Incidence and value estimates for the block groups are calculated using i-Tree models (www.itreetools.org), local weather data, pollution data, and U.S. Census derived population data. This dataset was produced by the US Forest Service to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas ) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets ).

  17. Methylphenidate use among medical students at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Yael Givon; Segev, Renana Wilkof; Shlafman, Nurit; Novack, Victor; Ifergane, Gal

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Methylphenidate is a psychotropic agent commonly used for the treatment of attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity and narcolepsy in children and adults. The awareness to attention deficit disorder as well as the non-medical use of methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement has increased during the past years. Objectives: To evaluate the medical and non-medical use of methylphenidate among medical students in the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. Materials and Methods: Medical students were asked to report methylphenidate use, symptoms and diagnosis of attention deficit disorder using a structured questionnaire. Results: A total of 229 students participated in the study, out of which 105 (45.9%) were in the pre-clinical years of medical school. Twenty-two students (9.6%) were previously diagnosed with attention deficit disorder. Lifelong use of methylphenidate was reported by 39 (17%) students, while 31 students (13.5%) reported using methylphenidate during the preceding 12 month. In the beginning of medical school, only 7% of the students used methylphenidate, most of them began using it during pre-clinical academic years. Discussion: High rates of attention deficit disorder compared to the general population were reported by medical students. The rate of methylphenidate use is similar to recent report from a US medical school, and is considerably higher than in college students population. Conclusions: Many medical students are using methylphenidate without a medical indication. Further study is needed to evaluate the effect of methylphenidate on academic performance of healthy adults. PMID:26167012

  18. Statistical evaluation of aerosol data from Ben Macdhui mountain, South Africa.

    PubMed

    Kowalkowski, Tomasz; Piketh, Stuart J; Cukrowska, Ewa M

    2008-06-01

    The aim of this study is re-evaluation of the data collected during Ben Macdhui High Altitude Trace Gas and Aerosols Transport Experiment (BHATTEX) to identify the dominant species of aerosols and their interactions in the atmosphere. Particularly, investigations of seasonal variations, the origin of sulphates and the formation of the ammonia sulphate were essential topics of this study. Such analyses were done by application of unique combination of supervised and unsupervised learning classification methods. Namely discriminant function analysis (DFA) for simple identification of parameters and principal component analysis (PCA) for the further investigations on hidden structure of data has been applied. The analysis shows that sulphate concentration and C,N isotopic ratios can classify winter and summer patterns of data. Differences between sulphate concentrations in summer and winter samples indicated by second PCA component were probably related to meteorological conditions over that region. The relations between anthropogenic compounds and ammonia or sulphate were much more stronger in summer samples than in winter ones, that is related with seasonal transport of that particles from industry to the investigated regions. The hypothesis of competitive reaction between sulphates, nitrates and ammonia ions has been also proven by application of simple regression analysis. Moreover the analysis of correlations coefficients shows that those relations are independent on seasons.

  19. EnviroAtlas - New York City, NY - BenMAP Results by Block Group

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EnviroAtlas dataset demonstrates the effect of changes in pollution concentration on local populations in 6,378 block groups in New York City, New York. The US EPA's Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) was used to estimate the incidence of adverse health effects (i.e., mortality and morbidity) and associated monetary value that result from changes in pollution concentrations for New York, Kings, Queens, Richmond, and Bronx Counties, NY. Incidence and value estimates for the block groups are calculated using i-Tree models (www.itreetools.org), local weather data, pollution data, and U.S. Census derived population data. This dataset was produced by the US Forest Service to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets).

  20. The First Measurement of Cross Section for the 7Be(n, α)4He Reaction at the Cosmological Energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takeda, Tomoya; Kawabata, Takahiro; Furono, Tatsuya; Ichikawa, Masaya; Iwasa, Naohito; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko; Koshikawa, Ami; Kubono, Shigeru; Miyawaki, Eisuke; Morimoto, Takahiro; Murata, Motoki; Nanamura, Takuya; Nishimura, Shunji; Shikata, Yuki; Takahashi, Yu; Tsumura, Miho; Watanabe, Ken

    The cross section for the 4He(α, n)7Be reaction was measured at low energies between Eα = 38.50 and 39.64 MeV to solve the cosmological lithium problem. On the basis of the detailed balance principle, the cross section for the 7Be(n, α)4He reaction was obtained at Ec.m. = 0.20-0.81 MeV close to the Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) energy window for the first time. The obtained cross sections are significantly smaller than the theoretical estimation used in the BBN calculations. The present results suggest the 7Be(n, α)4He reaction rate is not large enough to solve the cosmological lithium problem.

  1. Response to Comment on `Non-representative Quantum Mechanical Weak Values' by Ben-Israel and Vaidman

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Svensson, B. E. Y.

    2017-09-01

    Ben-Israel and Vaidman (Found Phys 47:467-470, 2017) have raised objections to my arguments that there are cases where a quantum mechanical weak value can be said not to represent the system to which it pertains. They are correct in pointing out that some of my conclusions were too general. However, for weak values of projection operators my conclusions still stand.

  2. Student Intern Ben Freed Competes as Finalist in Intel STS Competition, Three Other Interns Named Semifinalists | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer Werner H. Kirstin (WHK) student intern Ben Freed was one of 40 finalists to compete in the Intel Science Talent Search (STS) in Washington, DC, in March. “It was seven intense days of interacting with amazing judges and incredibly smart and interesting students. We met President Obama, and then the MIT astronomy lab named minor planets after each of us,” Freed said of the competition.  

  3. Student Intern Ben Freed Competes as Finalist in Intel STS Competition, Three Other Interns Named Semifinalists | Poster

    Cancer.gov

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer Werner H. Kirstin (WHK) student intern Ben Freed was one of 40 finalists to compete in the Intel Science Talent Search (STS) in Washington, DC, in March. “It was seven intense days of interacting with amazing judges and incredibly smart and interesting students. We met President Obama, and then the MIT astronomy lab named minor planets after each of us,” Freed said of the competition.  

  4. A Study to Design a System to Identify Handicapped Family Members of Active Duty Soldiers at Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-05-01

    Pamela K. "Public School Physical Therapists Role Definition and Educational Needs." Physical Therapy , Vol. 60, Number 7, (uly 1980): 774-779...Turnbull, Ann P. "Children’s Attitudes Toward Physically Handicapped Peers and Intervention Approaches for Atti- tude Change." Physical Therapy , Vol. 60...Fort Benning (Continued) 718 Other derangement of joint 719 Other and unspecified disorder of joint 720 Ankylosing spondylitis and other inflammatory

  5. Variability of the env gene in cynomolgus macaques persistently infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 2 strain ben.

    PubMed Central

    Tolle, T; Petry, H; Bachmann, B; Hunsmann, G; Lüke, W

    1994-01-01

    The sequence variability of distinct regions of the proviral env gene of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 strain ben (HIV-2ben) isolated sequentially over 3 to 4 years from six experimentally infected macaques was studied. The regions investigated were homologous to the V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, and V7 hypervariable regions identified in the env genes of HIV-1 and simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac, respectively. In contrast to findings with HIV-1 and SIVmac, the V1- and V2-homologous regions were found to be highly conserved during the course of the HIV-2ben infection in macaques. The V3-homologous region showed a degree of variation comparable to that of HIV-1 but not of SIV. In the V4-, V5-, and V7-homologous regions, mutation hot spots were detected in most reisolates of the infected monkeys. Most of these mutations occurred during the first 10 weeks after infection. After 50 weeks, new mutations were rarely detected. At most mutation sites, a dynamic equilibrium between the mutated viral isotype and the infecting predominant wild type was present. This equilibrium might prevent an accumulation of mutations in isolates later in the course of infection. PMID:8139054

  6. Lattice Boltzmann implementation of the three-dimensional Ben-Naim potential for water-like fluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradi, Nasrollah; Greiner, Andreas; Rao, Francesco; Succi, Sauro

    2013-03-01

    We develop a three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann (LB) model accounting for directional interactions between water-like molecules, based on the so-called Ben-Naim (BN) potential [A. Ben-Naim, Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions: Part I: Understanding Water (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2010); A. Ben-Naim, "Statistical mechanics of `waterlike' particles in two dimensions. I. Physical model and application of the Percus-Yevick equation," J. Chem. Phys. 54, 3682 (1971)], 10.1063/1.1675414. The water-like molecules are represented by rigid tetrahedra, with two donors and two acceptors at the corners and interacting with neighboring tetrahedra, sitting on the nodes of a regular lattice. The tetrahedra are free to rotate about their centers under the drive of the torque arising from the interparticle potential. The orientations of the water molecules are evolved in time via an overdamped Langevin dynamics for the torque, which is solved by means of a quaternion technique. The resulting advection-diffusion-reaction equation for the quaternion components is solved by a LB method, acting as a dynamic minimizer for the global energy of the fluid. By adding thermal fluctuations to the torque equation, the model is shown to reproduce some microscopic features of real water, such as an average number of hydrogen bonds per molecules (HBs) between 3 and 4, in a qualitative agreement with microscopic water models. Albeit slower than a standard LB solver for ordinary fluids, the present scheme opens up potentially far-reaching scenarios for multiscale applications based on a coarse-grained representation of the water solvent.

  7. A study of decisive factors in cross-national acquisitions - An example of BenQ and Foxconn cooperation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tu, Kai-Jan

    2012-09-01

    As a result of globalization, the number of multinational mergers and acquisitions across the globe has grown steadily over the years. In this article I have conducted research based on two key studies: the failure and success of two companies, BenQ and Foxconn, through the mergers and acquisitions. I gain the conclusion that effective cross-border culture communication is an absolute, decisive factor in building successful relationships among companies; enterprises must develop a "cross-border culture communication motivation function" from both the acquiring and the acquired parts of the partnership. It is only then, that enterprises can exert their market and financial synergy influence to the fullest extents.

  8. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium... 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- (PMN P-92-34, CAS no. 133145-29-6), 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen...

  9. The topical treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis with the tincture of thioxolone plus benzoxonium chloride (Thio-Ben) along with cryotherapy: a single-blind randomized clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Daie Parizi, Mohammad Hossein; Karvar, Mehran; Sharifi, Iraj; Bahrampour, Abbas; Heshmat Khah, Amireh; Rahnama, Zahra; Baziar, Zahra; Amiri, Rezvan

    2015-01-01

    A simple efficacious topical treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is still an unresolved challenge. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the topical use of thioxolone plus benzoxonium chloride (Thio-Ben) tincture in combination with cryotherapy in comparison with intralesional meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime) along with cryotherapy in treating anthroponotic CL (ACL). The study was conducted in Leishmaniasis Center in Dadbin Health Care Clinic, Kerman, Iran. Sixty-four CL lesions were randomly assigned to receive Thio-Ben plus cryotherapy (TC) (n = 32) or Glucantime plus cryotherapy (GC) (n = 32). Thio-Ben was used topically every other day and Glucantime was used intralesionally once a week for a maximum of 3 months. In both study groups, cryotherapy was administered using liquid nitrogen once every 2 weeks. Of 64 recruited lesions, 47 lesions completed the study protocol. Twenty lesions (91%) in TC group and 23 lesions (92%) in GC group showed complete cure. TC group showed faster clinical response. Pain, hypersensitivity reaction, dizziness, and nausea were only seen in GC group. This study showed that the topical use of Thio-Ben combined with cryotherapy has a good efficacy in treating ACL with the benefit that Thio-Ben has more patient compliance and less side effects than intralesional Glucantime.

  10. Comment on the letter by A. Ben-Shaul: "entropy, energy, and bending of DNA in viral capsids".

    PubMed

    Harvey, Stephen C

    2014-01-21

    The conformational entropic penalty associated with packaging double-stranded DNA into viral capsids remains an issue of contention. So far, models based on a continuum approximation for DNA have either left the question unexamined, or they have assumed that the entropic penalty is negligible, following an early analysis by Riemer and Bloomfield. In contrast, molecular-dynamics (MD) simulations using bead-and-spring models consistently show a large penalty. A recent letter from Ben-Shaul attempts to reconcile the differences. While the letter makes some valid points, the issue of how to include conformational entropy in the continuum models remains unresolved. In this Comment, I show that the free energy decomposition from continuum models could be brought into line with the decomposition from the MD simulations with two adjustments. First, the entropy from Flory-Huggins theory should be replaced by the estimate of the entropic penalty given in Ben-Shaul's letter, which corresponds closely to that from the MD simulations. Second, the DNA-DNA repulsions are well described by the empirical relationship given by the Cal Tech group, but the strength of these should be reduced by about half, using parameters based on the Rau-Parsegian experiments, rather than treating them as "fitting parameters (tuned) to fit the data from (single molecule pulling) experiments." Copyright © 2014 Biophysical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Federal land management, carbon sequestration, and climate change in the Southeastern U.S.: a case study with fort benning

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zhao, S.; Liu, S.; Li, Z.; Sohl, T.L.

    2010-01-01

    Land use activities can have a major impact on the temporal trendsandspatialpatternsofregionalland-atmosphereexchange of carbon. Federal lands generally have substantially different land management strategies from surrounding areas, and the carbon consequences have rarely been quantified and assessed. Using the Fort Benning Installation as a case study, we used the General Ensemble biogeochemical Modeling System (GEMS) to simulate and compare ecosystem carbon sequestration between the U.S. Army's Fort Benning and surrounding areas from 1992 to 2050. Our results indicate that the military installation sequestered more carbon than surrounding areas from 1992 to 2007 (76.7 vs 18.5 g C m-2 yr-1), and is projected to continue sequestering more carbon from 2008 to 2050 (75.7 vs 25.6 g C m-2 yr-1), mostly because of the proactive management approaches adopted on military training lands. Our results suggest that federal lands might play a positive and important role in sequestering and conserving atmospheric carbon because some anthropogenic disturbances (e.g., urbanization, forest harvesting, and agriculture) can be minimized or prevented on federal lands

  12. Federal land management, carbon sequestration, and climate change in the Southeastern U.S.: a case study with Fort Benning.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Shuqing; Liu, Shuguang; Li, Zhengpeng; Sohl, Terry L

    2010-02-01

    Land use activities can have a major impact on the temporal trends and spatial patterns of regional land-atmosphere exchange of carbon. Federal lands generally have substantially different land management strategies from surrounding areas, and the carbon consequences have rarely been quantified and assessed. Using the Fort Benning Installation as a case study, we used the General Ensemble biogeochemical Modeling System (GEMS) to simulate and compare ecosystem carbon sequestration between the U.S. Army's Fort Benning and surrounding areas from 1992 to 2050. Our results indicate that the military installation sequestered more carbon than surrounding areas from 1992 to 2007 (76.7 vs 18.5 g C m(-2) yr(-1)), and is projected to continue sequestering more carbon from 2008 to 2050 (75.7 vs 25.6 g C m(-2) yr(-1)), mostly because of the proactive management approaches adopted on military training lands. Our results suggest that federal lands might play a positive and important role in sequestering and conserving atmospheric carbon because some anthropogenic disturbances (e.g., urbanization, forest harvesting, and agriculture) can be minimized or prevented on federal lands.

  13. The Cosmological Lithium Problem and the Measurement of the 7Be(n, α) Reaction at n_TOF-CERN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Musumarra, Agatino; Barbagallo, Massimo

    A possible explanation of the so-called "Cosmological Lithium Problem", an important unsolved problem in Nuclear Astrophysics, involves large systematic uncertainties in the cross-sections of reactions leading to the destruction of 7Be during the Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). Among these reactions, the 7Be(n, α) is the most uncertain. So far, only a single measurement with thermal neutrons has been performed. Therefore, BBN calculations had to rely on rather uncertain theoretical extrapolations. The short half-life of 7Be (53.29 d) and the low cross section have prevented, up to now, to obtain experimental data at keV neutron energies typical for BBN studies. We have measured for the first time at n_TOF the 7Be(n, α) reaction in a wide neutron energy range, from thermal up to 10 keV. This measurement has been performed, at the new beam line (EAR2) of the Neutron-Time-Of-Flight facility n_TOF at CERN. The two α-particles, emitted back-to-back in the reaction, have been detected by mean of sandwiches of silicon detectors and, by exploiting the coincidence technique, we were able to suppress the large γ and n-induced background. The 7Be isotope production and purification has been performed by PSI-Zurich Switzerland.

  14. Basin-scale groundwater response to precipitation variation and anthropogenic pumping in Chih-Ben watershed, Taiwan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, Kuo-Chin; Yeh, Hsin-Fu; Chen, You-Cheng; Lee, Cheng-Haw; Wang, Chung-Ho; Chiu, Feng-Sheng

    2012-05-01

    The sustainable use of groundwater has become increasingly challenging due to extreme hydrological events and anthropogenic activity. In this study, the basin-scale groundwater response to precipitation variation was analyzed using an integrated model that comprises lumped models for land and river recharges and a distributed model for groundwater. The integrated model was applied to the Chih-Ben watershed, Taiwan, using 20 years (1988-2007) of data. The hydrological data were analyzed for trends using statistical tests. Based on decreasing trends in precipitation and groundwater levels and an increasing trend in stream flow, the oblique-cut method was applied to precipitation and excess infiltration to assess land and streambed recharge. Distributed numerical groundwater modeling was used to simulate the basin-scale groundwater responses to precipitation variation and anthropogenic pumping. The model was calibrated using stable-isotope and groundwater-level data. The safe yields were estimated for the Chih-Ben watershed for dry, wet, and normal precipitation scenarios. The safe yield of groundwater was shown to vary with precipitation, which does not guarantee the sustainable use of groundwater resources. Instead, water resources should be assessed at a basin scale, taking into account the whole ecosystem, rather than only considering water for human consumption in the alluvium.

  15. [Extrapulmonary tuberculosis at "Benéfico Jurídico" hospital in the 1999-2003 period].

    PubMed

    García Silvera, Eberto; Yera Pérez, Dulce María; Valdés Díaz, Solangel; Hernández Hernández, Marisela; Rives Rodríiguez, Rolando

    2006-01-01

    A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted on patients diagnosed with extrapul-monary tuberculosis and discharged from "Benéfico Juridico" neumological hospital in the 1999-2003 period. The objective was to describe the perfor-mance of this disease. As a result, it was find out that of a total number of 353 diagnosed patients, 14% had extrapulmonary tuberculosis, 58% of these patients were in the 35-54 years age group, being the average age 39 years. The most frequent clinical manifestation was pleural (81%) followed by ganglionic tuberculosis (15%). Sixty one percent of cases were diagnosed based on clinical indications. Only 8% of patients were diagnosed by isolation of tuberculosis bacillus in a Lowestein-Jensen culture.

  16. WWBT? What Would Ben Think about Killer Apps, Cutting Edges, and Tipping Points in the History of Weather and Climate?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fleming, J. R.

    2006-12-01

    This paper examines the history of weather and climate since 1706 along three intertwined analytical axes: technology (killer apps), science (cutting edges), and social issues (tipping points). For example, Franklin's best-known killer app, the lightning rod, gains added significance when seen in light of his cutting edge contributions to the science of electricity, his lifelong promotion of useful knowledge, and the societal tipping point his work triggered in our relationship to the sky. Subsequently, other major tipping points and conceptual shifts followed the introduction of telegraphy, radio, television, digital computers, and rocketry into meteorology. Following an analysis of the career and contributions of Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), the paper examines later historical moments and watersheds, not merely in retrospect, but from the perspective of leading participants at the time. It focuses on technologies of significant promise, especially those involving electro- magnetism, up to and including the dawn of the twenty-first century, and asks playfully, "What would Ben think?"

  17. Lattice Boltzmann implementation of the three-dimensional Ben-Naim potential for water-like fluids.

    PubMed

    Moradi, Nasrollah; Greiner, Andreas; Rao, Francesco; Succi, Sauro

    2013-03-28

    We develop a three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann (LB) model accounting for directional interactions between water-like molecules, based on the so-called Ben-Naim (BN) potential [A. Ben-Naim, Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions: Part I: Understanding Water (World Scientific Publishing Company, 2010); "Statistical mechanics of 'waterlike' particles in two dimensions. I. Physical model and application of the Percus-Yevick equation," J. Chem. Phys. 54, 3682 (1971)]. The water-like molecules are represented by rigid tetrahedra, with two donors and two acceptors at the corners and interacting with neighboring tetrahedra, sitting on the nodes of a regular lattice. The tetrahedra are free to rotate about their centers under the drive of the torque arising from the interparticle potential. The orientations of the water molecules are evolved in time via an overdamped Langevin dynamics for the torque, which is solved by means of a quaternion technique. The resulting advection-diffusion-reaction equation for the quaternion components is solved by a LB method, acting as a dynamic minimizer for the global energy of the fluid. By adding thermal fluctuations to the torque equation, the model is shown to reproduce some microscopic features of real water, such as an average number of hydrogen bonds per molecules (HBs) between 3 and 4, in a qualitative agreement with microscopic water models. Albeit slower than a standard LB solver for ordinary fluids, the present scheme opens up potentially far-reaching scenarios for multiscale applications based on a coarse-grained representation of the water solvent.

  18. Module Curriculum Guide: A Study of Ourstory in Africa Pre and Post "His-story." Reference Works of Yosef Ben Jochannan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, E. Curtis

    The published and unpublished works of Dr. Yosef ben-Jochannan serve as the basis for this reference guide to African history and culture. The guide is intended for use by curriculum developers and high school and college level classroom teachers as they develop and implement courses on African studies and/or units to be incorporated into existing…

  19. 40 CFR 721.1735 - Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name). 721.1735 Section 721.1735 Protection of Environment... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1735 Alkylbisoxyalkyl...

  20. 40 CFR 721.1735 - Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name). 721.1735 Section 721.1735 Protection of Environment... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1735 Alkylbisoxyalkyl...

  1. Module Curriculum Guide: A Study of Ourstory in Africa Pre and Post "His-story." Reference Works of Yosef Ben Jochannan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, E. Curtis

    The published and unpublished works of Dr. Yosef ben-Jochannan serve as the basis for this reference guide to African history and culture. The guide is intended for use by curriculum developers and high school and college level classroom teachers as they develop and implement courses on African studies and/or units to be incorporated into existing…

  2. Who Are Students of Physical Therapy? A Case Study: The Academic College of Judea and Samaria and the Ben Gurion University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidovitch, Nitza; Danziger, Yosefa

    2006-01-01

    This study focuses on the attributes of students of Physical Therapy, and compares the profiles of students of Physical Therapy in two institutions of higher learning in Israel, Ben Gurion University (BGU) and the Academic College of Judea and Samaria (ACJS), Israel's largest public academic college. This study focuses on this department, where…

  3. Who Are Students of Physical Therapy? A Case Study: The Academic College of Judea and Samaria and the Ben Gurion University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidovitch, Nitza; Danziger, Yosefa

    2006-01-01

    This study focuses on the attributes of students of Physical Therapy, and compares the profiles of students of Physical Therapy in two institutions of higher learning in Israel, Ben Gurion University (BGU) and the Academic College of Judea and Samaria (ACJS), Israel's largest public academic college. This study focuses on this department, where…

  4. Fabrication, electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of carbon nanotube@nano-SiO2BenV/phosphomolybdic acid polynary nanocomposite materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jiang; Wang, Jing; Wang, Wen-Bo; Chen, Meng; Qian, Dong-Jin

    2017-06-01

    Organic-inorganic nano-materials have attracted growing attention due to their potential applications for optoelectronic devices, sensors, and heterogeneous catalysts. We reported here on the preparation of polynary nanocomposites composed of poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTP4VP), silica nanoparticles (nano-SiO2), viologens, and/or phosphomolybdic acid (PMA), in which the MWNTP4VP, nano-SiO2, and viologens were covalently connected while PMA was electrostatically adsorbed. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed that the nanocomposites were composed of about 40-45% MWNTs, 40-45% nanoSiO2, as well as 10-15% organic species and others. The preparation processes and compositions of the nanocomposites were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Field emission transmission electron microscopic images revealed that the nano-SiO2BenV particles were strongly attached to the MWNTP4VP surfaces to form MWNTP4VP@nano-SiO2BenV triad nano-cores. Cyclic voltammograms of the MWNTP4VP@nano-SiO2BenV casting films showed three couples of redox waves in the potential range between -0.8 and 0 V (vs Ag/AgCl), designated to the electron transfer process of viologen substituents of MWNTP4VP@nano-SiO2BenV2+ ↔ MWNTP4VP@nano-SiO2BenV+rad and their dimers. Further, three couples of redox waves were recorded for the casting films of MWNTP4VP@nano-SiO2BenV/PMA polynary nanocomposites in the potential range between -0.2 and 0.8 V, designated to three successive electron transfer processes of PMA. Finally, it was revealed that the present MWNTPVP@nano-SiO2BenV/PMA polynary composites could act as efficient heterogeneous catalysts for the electrocatalytic reduction of bromate.

  5. Effects of In-stream Restorations on Stream Hydrodynamics, Nutrient Uptake, and Ecosystem Metabolism at Fort Benning, GA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roberts, B. J.; Mulholland, P. J.

    2005-05-01

    Spatial variability in military training intensity results in a wide range of upland disturbance intensity at the Fort Benning Military Reservation (near Columbus, GA). We selected stream reaches within 8 catchments with contrasting levels of upland denudation and stream ecosystem disturbance. In October 2003, 4 of these streams (spanning the disturbance gradient) received in-stream restorations in the form of coarse woody debris dams every 10 m for the 100 m study reaches. Stream hydrodynamic properties, NH4+ uptake, and whole-stream metabolism were examined both prior to and after restoration for all 8 streams. In-stream restorations resulted in increases in the relative size of transient storage zones (important for biological processes) and spatial variation in water velocity (enhances habitat variability). These hydrodynamic changes corresponded to increases in both NH4+ uptake rate and velocity as the ability of stream biota to control stream NH4+ concentration increased. By monitoring stream metabolism rates for two years prior to restoration we are able to assess the impact of the restorations on these important integrative processes using a BACI-type analysis (before-after control-treatment analysis) for the first year of post-restoration.

  6. Water-resources data for North Fork Bens Creek, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, August 1983 through September 1988

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Witt, Emitt C.

    1991-01-01

    Basin and climatological characteristics, quality-assurance data and results, and water-resources data for North Fork Bens Creek, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania are available from August 1983 through September 1988. The lowest temperature (-30. 0 C) was recorded during January 1985, and the highest temperature (36.7 C) was recorded during July 1988. Snowfall accumulates mostly during January and February and averages about 69 in annually. Solar radiation is most intense from late May to early June. Pan evaporation averages 0.17 in/day during the growing season and 0.02 in/day during the nongrowing season. Sulfur dioxide and sulfate contaminants in the air have declined since 1977; nitrogen dioxide and nitrates have remained constant. Average volume-weighted pH for precipitation in western Pennsylvania is about 4.0. Quality assurance analyses show that chemical data collected from August 1983 through February 1986 were satisfactory. Precision of data quality for March 1986 through September 1988 are marginal to satisfactory. Monthly base flow water-quality data are available from August 1983 through September 1988. Continuous precipitation data are available from October 1983 through September 1988. Precipitation was typically higher than normal for the 1984, 1985, and 1986 water years. Continuous streamflow data are available for water years 1985 and 1988. The maximum recorded discharge of 92 cu ft/sec was observed on March 31, 1985. (USGS)

  7. 10Be chronology of moraines deposited in upper Whale Stream, Ben Ohau Range, South Island, New Zealand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaplan, M. R.; Schaefer, J. M.; Barrell, D.; Andersen, B.; Chinn, T.; Putnam, A.; Doughty, A.; Denton, G.; Finkel, R. C.; Schwartz, R.

    2009-12-01

    A lack of quantitative chronologic data, even where paleoclimate records do exist, limits knowledge of climate variability and the forcing mechanisms in the Southern Hemisphere during the Holocene. We investigate the glacial record in the New Zealand Southern Alps to determine whether Northern Hemisphere Neoglacial and Little Ice Age signatures are evident in the Southern middle latitudes. Using recent analytic advances, we employ 10Be measurements on moraines at 1600-1900 m, 43°S, to obtain numerical ages. Glacier expansions produced moraines at progressively less extensive positions since the end of the last glacial maximum in the Whale Stream basin. Close to the head of the catchment, a succession of at least five moraines ranges in age from ~11 ka (outer) to <2000 yrs (inner). The three outermost are early Holocene and the innermost moraines are late Holocene in age. They correspond to paleo-snowlines ranging from ~300 to ~150 m lower than present. The overall pattern of glacial activity during the Holocene differs markedly between the hemispheres. In the south, the early Holocene was a period of relatively expanded glacier margins. In comparison, during the time of the European LIA, Ben Ohau glaciers were withdrawn relative to their early Holocene limits. Interestingly, the pattern broadly mirrors changing summer insolation intensity at this latitude.

  8. An outbreak of food-borne salmonellosis linked to a bread takeaway shop in Ben Tre City, Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Vo, Thuan Huu; Le, Ninh Hoang; Cao, Thuy Thanh Diem; Nuorti, J Pekka; Minh, Nguyen Nhu Tran

    2014-09-01

    To identify the vehicle, source, and causative agent of a community-wide food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis. We conducted a case-control study. Cases were city residents diagnosed with gastroenteritis and hospitalized in Ben Tre City from 22 to 25 May 2013; 41 cases were selected randomly from a list of hospitalized patients. Controls were age- and gender-matched healthy neighbours of cases. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Samples from patients and food were tested at reference laboratories. We used conditional logistic regression to calculate matched odds ratios (mORs) for the association of gastroenteritis with food items consumed. Of the 41 cases enrolled in the study, 61% were males and the median age was 33 years; cases resided in 12 wards of the City. Of 13 food items consumed by the cases, only stuffed bread was significantly associated with gastroenteritis (mOR 21.3, 95% confidence interval 6.3-71.8). Among the 29 cases who ate stuffed bread, the median time to illness onset was 9h. Patient stool samples and bread samples were positive for Salmonella species. Stuffed bread was the likely vehicle of the outbreak. The laboratory testing capacity for serotypes of Salmonella should be strengthened in Vietnam. Food-handler training in basic food safety measures should be improved. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  9. Projected climate and vegetation changes and potential biotic effects for Fort Benning, Georgia; Fort Hood, Texas; and Fort Irwin, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shafer, S.L.; Atkins, J.; Bancroft, B.A.; Bartlein, P.J.; Lawler, J.J.; Smith, B.; Wilsey, C.B.

    2012-01-01

    The responses of species and ecosystems to future climate changes will present challenges for conservation and natural resource managers attempting to maintain both species populations and essential habitat. This report describes projected future changes in climate and vegetation for three study areas surrounding the military installations of Fort Benning, Georgia, Fort Hood, Texas, and Fort Irwin, California. Projected climate changes are described for the time period 2070–2099 (30-year mean) as compared to 1961–1990 (30-year mean) for each study area using data simulated by the coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models CCSM3, CGCM3.1(T47), and UKMO-HadCM3, run under the B1, A1B, and A2 future greenhouse gas emissions scenarios. These climate data are used to simulate potential changes in important components of the vegetation for each study area using LPJ, a dynamic global vegetation model, and LPJ-GUESS, a dynamic vegetation model optimized for regional studies. The simulated vegetation results are compared with observed vegetation data for the study areas. Potential effects of the simulated future climate and vegetation changes for species and habitats of management concern are discussed in each study area, with a particular focus on federally listed threatened and endangered species.

  10. BEN domain protein Elba2 can functionally substitute for linker histone H1 in Drosophila in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Na; Lu, Xingwu; Kavi, Harsh; Emelyanov, Alexander V.; Bernardo, Travis J.; Vershilova, Elena; Skoultchi, Arthur I.; Fyodorov, Dmitry V.

    2016-01-01

    Metazoan linker histones are essential for development and play crucial roles in organization of chromatin, modification of epigenetic states and regulation of genetic activity. Vertebrates express multiple linker histone H1 isoforms, which may function redundantly. In contrast, H1 isoforms are not present in Dipterans, including D. melanogaster, except for an embryo-specific, distantly related dBigH1. Here we show that Drosophila BEN domain protein Elba2, which is expressed in early embryos and was hypothesized to have insulator-specific functions, can compensate for the loss of H1 in vivo. Although the Elba2 gene is not essential, its mutation causes a disruption of normal internucleosomal spacing of chromatin and reduced nuclear compaction in syncytial embryos. Elba2 protein is distributed ubiquitously in polytene chromosomes and strongly colocalizes with H1. In H1-depleted animals, ectopic expression of Elba2 rescues the increased lethality and ameliorates abnormalities of chromosome architecture and heterochromatin functions. We also demonstrate that ectopic expression of BigH1 similarly complements the deficiency of H1 protein. Thus, in organisms that do not express redundant H1 isoforms, the structural and biological functions performed by canonical linker histones in later development, may be shared in early embryos by weakly homologous proteins, such as BigH1, or even unrelated, non-homologous proteins, such as Elba2. PMID:27687115

  11. ODEs approaches in modeling fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ragusa, Maria Alessandra; Russo, Giulia

    2016-07-01

    Ben Amar and Bianca valuably reviewed the state of the art of fibrosis modeling approach scenario [1]. Each paragraph identifies and examines a specific theoretical tool according to their scale level (molecular, cellular or tissue). For each of them it is shown the area of application, along with a clear description of strong and weak points. This critical analysis denotes the necessity to develop a more suitable and original multiscale approach in the future [2].

  12. Comments on "Modified wind chill temperatures determined by a whole body thermoregulation model and human-based convective coefficients" by Ben Shabat, Shitzer and Fiala (2013) and "Facial convective heat exchange coefficients in cold and windy environments estimated from human experiments" by Ben Shabat and Shitzer (2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osczevski, Randall J.

    2014-08-01

    Ben Shabat et al. (Int J Biometeorol 56(4):639-51, 2013) present revised charts for wind chill equivalent temperatures (WCET) and facial skin temperatures (FST) that differ significantly from currently accepted charts. They credit these differences to their more sophisticated calculation model and to the human-based equation that it used for finding the convective heat transfer coefficient (Ben Shabat and Shitzer, Int J Biometeorol 56:639-651, 2012). Because a version of the simple model that was used to create the current charts accurately reproduces their results when it uses the human-based equation, the differences that they found must be entirely due to this equation. In deriving it, Ben Shabat and Shitzer assumed that all of the heat transfer from the surface of their cylindrical model was due to forced convection alone. Because several modes of heat transfer were occurring in the human experiments they were attempting to simulate, notably radiation, their coefficients are actually total external heat transfer coefficients, not purely convective ones, as the calculation models assume. Data from the one human experiment that used heat flux sensors supports this conclusion and exposes the hazard of using a numerical model with several adjustable parameters that cannot be measured. Because the human-based equation is faulty, the values in the proposed charts are not correct. The equation that Ben Shabat et al. (Int J Biometeorol 56(4):639-51, 2013) propose to calculate WCET should not be used.

  13. Comments on "Modified wind chill temperatures determined by a whole body thermoregulation model and human-based convective coefficients" by Ben Shabat, Shitzer and Fiala (2013) and "Facial convective heat exchange coefficients in cold and windy environments estimated from human experiments" by Ben Shabat and Shitzer (2012).

    PubMed

    Osczevski, Randall J

    2014-08-01

    Ben Shabat et al. (Int J Biometeorol 56(4):639-51, 2013) present revised charts for wind chill equivalent temperatures (WCET) and facial skin temperatures (FST) that differ significantly from currently accepted charts. They credit these differences to their more sophisticated calculation model and to the human-based equation that it used for finding the convective heat transfer coefficient (Ben Shabat and Shitzer, Int J Biometeorol 56:639-651, 2012). Because a version of the simple model that was used to create the current charts accurately reproduces their results when it uses the human-based equation, the differences that they found must be entirely due to this equation. In deriving it, Ben Shabat and Shitzer assumed that all of the heat transfer from the surface of their cylindrical model was due to forced convection alone. Because several modes of heat transfer were occurring in the human experiments they were attempting to simulate, notably radiation, their coefficients are actually total external heat transfer coefficients, not purely convective ones, as the calculation models assume. Data from the one human experiment that used heat flux sensors supports this conclusion and exposes the hazard of using a numerical model with several adjustable parameters that cannot be measured. Because the human-based equation is faulty, the values in the proposed charts are not correct. The equation that Ben Shabat et al. (Int J Biometeorol 56(4):639-51, 2013) propose to calculate WCET should not be used.

  14. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN P-92...

  15. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN P-92...

  16. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN P-92...

  17. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN P-92...

  18. Predicted Effects of Prescribed Burning and Timber Management on Forest Recovery and Sustainability at Fort Benning, Georgia

    SciTech Connect

    Garten, C.T.,JR.

    2004-04-13

    The objective of this work was to use a simple compartment model of soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) dynamics to predict forest recovery on degraded soils and forest sustainability, following recovery, under different regimes of prescribed fire and timber management. This report describes the model and a model-based analysis of the effect of prescribed burning and forest thinning or clearcutting on stand recovery and sustainability at Fort Benning, GA. I developed the model using Stella{reg_sign} Research Software (High Performance Systems, Inc., Hanover, NH) and parameterized the model using data from field studies at Fort Benning, literature sources, and parameter fitting. The model included (1) a tree biomass submodel that predicted aboveground and belowground tree biomass, (2) a litter production submodel that predicted the dynamics of herbaceous aboveground and belowground biomass, (3) a soil C and N submodel that predicted soil C and N stocks (to a 30 cm soil depth) and net soil N mineralization, and (4) an excess N submodel that calculated the difference between predicted plant N demands and soil N supplies. There was a modeled feedback from potential excess N (PEN) to tree growth such that forest growth was limited under conditions of N deficiency. Two experiments were performed for the model-based analysis. In the first experiment, forest recovery from barren soils was predicted for 100 years with or without prescribed burning and with or without timber management by thinning or clearcutting. In the second experiment, simulations began with 100 years of predicted forest growth in the absence of fire or harvesting, and sustainability was predicted for a further 100 years either with or without prescribed burning and with or without forest management. Four performance variables (aboveground tree biomass, soil C stocks, soil N stocks, and PEN) were used to evaluate the predicted effects of timber harvesting and prescribed burning on forest recovery and

  19. Non-Euclidean Space, Movement and Astronomy in Modern Art: Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malloy, Vanja

    2013-09-01

    John Keats once wrote that `there is no such thing as time and space' rather, believing that time and space are mental constructs that are subject to a variety of forms and as diverse as the human mind. In the 1920s through the 1930s, modern physics in many ways supported this idea through the various philosophical writings on the Theory of General Relativity to the masses by scientists such as Arthur Eddington and Albert Einstein. These new concepts of modern physics fundamentally changed our understanding of time and space and had substantial philosophical implications, which were absorbed by modern artists resulting in the 1936 Dimensionist Manifesto. Seeking to internalize the developments of modern science within modern art, this manifesto was widely endorsed by the most prominent figures of the avant-garde such as Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Naum Gabo, Joan Miró, László Moholy-Nagy, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexander Calder. Of particular interest to this manifesto was the new concept of the fourth-dimension, which in many ways revolutionized the arts. Importantly, its interpretation varied widely in the artistic community, ranging from a purely physical four-dimensional space, to a kinetic concept of space in which space and time are linked, to a metaphysical interest in a space that exists beyond the material realm. The impact of modern science and astronomy on avant-garde art is currently a bourgeoning area of research with considerable implications to our rethinking of substantial artistic figures of this era. Through a case study of Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs, this paper explores how these artworks were informed by an interest in modern science.

  20. Turning Around Ben Franklin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lozen, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    One would think that being the nation's only private, urban, two-year technical college might be a source of some notoriety, especially if that institution also traces its history back to a bequest in Benjamin Franklin's will. But even among New England's higher education community, Boston's Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology (BFIT) is a…

  1. Ben Franklin's Junto Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merriam, Sharan

    1979-01-01

    Describes the Colonial Junto organized by Benjamin Franklin in 1727 as a discussion club to debate politics, morals, and natural philosophy, and the later American Philosophical Society which extended (and continues) the subject knowledge. The present-day Junto Center for Continuing Education in Philadelphia is an adult education information…

  2. Ben Franklin's Scientific Amusements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herschbach, Dudley

    2003-04-01

    As an American icon, Benjamin Franklin is often portrayed as wise and canny in business and politics, earnestly pursuing and extolling diligence, sensible conduct, pragmatism, and good works. Also legendary are some of his inventions, particularly the lightning rod, bifocals, and an efficient wood-burning stove. The iconic image is misleading in major respects. Today, surprisingly few people appreciate that, in the 18th century, Franklin was greatly esteemed throughout Europe as a scientist (termed then a "natural philosopher.") He was hailed as the "Newton of Electricity." Indeed, until Franklin, electricity seemed more mysterious than had gravity in Newton's time, and lightning was considered the wrath of God. By his own account, Franklin's studies of electricity and many other phenomena were prompted not by practical aims, but by his playful curiosity--which often became obsessive. Also not generally appreciated is the importance of Franklin's scientific reputation in enhancing his efforts to obtain French support for the American Revolution.

  3. Ben Franklin's Junto Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merriam, Sharan

    1979-01-01

    Describes the Colonial Junto organized by Benjamin Franklin in 1727 as a discussion club to debate politics, morals, and natural philosophy, and the later American Philosophical Society which extended (and continues) the subject knowledge. The present-day Junto Center for Continuing Education in Philadelphia is an adult education information…

  4. Turning Around Ben Franklin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lozen, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    One would think that being the nation's only private, urban, two-year technical college might be a source of some notoriety, especially if that institution also traces its history back to a bequest in Benjamin Franklin's will. But even among New England's higher education community, Boston's Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology (BFIT) is a…

  5. Study through surveys and fermentation kinetics of the traditional processing of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) into ben-saalga, a fermented gruel from Burkina Faso.

    PubMed

    Tou, E H; Guyot, J P; Mouquet-Rivier, C; Rochette, I; Counil, E; Traoré, A S; Trèche, S

    2006-01-15

    Traditional cereal-based fermented foods are frequently used as complementary foods for infants and young children in Africa. This is the case for ben-saalga, a popular fermented gruel produced from pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in Burkina Faso. Detailed knowledge of traditional processing is a prerequisite for investigating ways to improve both the nutritional and sanitary qualities of the corresponding foodstuff. In this work, the traditional processing of pearl millet into ben-saalga was investigated in 24 production units, and fermentation kinetics were studied in pilot scale experiments. Processing steps include: washing (optional), soaking of the grains (first fermentation step), grinding and sieving of the wet flour, settling (second fermentation step), and cooking. The soaking step was mainly characterized by alcoholic fermentation whereas lactic acid fermentation occurred during the settling step. Fermentation kinetics during settling indicates a temporal variation of metabolic activity. Initially, both homofermentative and heterofermentative pathways were simultaneously active, and later only a homofermentative pathway was active. The paste produced at the end of settling had a low pH (4.0+/-0.4) and its microflora was dominated by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with an amylolytic LAB/LAB ratio of 12%. Sucrose disappeared in the grains during soaking but was not detected in the soaking water, whereas glucose, fructose and maltose appeared transiently. Glucose and fructose were the main substrates observed for lactic acid fermentation during the settling step; however unbalanced fermentation led to the hypothesis that starch hydrolysis products may also serve as substrates for lactic acid formation. At the end of the processing, a 75% and 83% decrease was observed in phytate (IP6) and raffinose, respectively. The sour gruel ben-saalga resulting from cooking the sour paste had inadequate nutritional characteristics with respect to infants' and young

  6. [Classes of crude drugs and its distribution of producing area in the attached illustrations in Ben cao tu jing (Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica)].

    PubMed

    Xu, T; Peng, H S

    2016-03-01

    Ben cao tu jing (Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica) is the earliest extant atlas book of materia medica in China, with 933 attached drawings. Among them, the largest portion, amounting to 670, are herbaceous plants, mostly commonly used, with definite marks of the origin producing areas, distributed across 149 administrative divisions(prefectures and counties) of the Song Dynasty, most of them in Northern area which were distributed denser than those in Southern area. The densest ones were located in Southern Shanxi, Eastern Sichuan and Eastern Anhui. In the attached drawings, the frequency of highest occurrence appeared in this Classic are three prefectures, Chuzhou, Shizhou and Guangzhou.

  7. Update: Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infection surveillance among active duty military personnel at Fort Benning GA, 2008-2010.

    PubMed

    Leamer, Nicole K; Clemmons, Nakia S; Jordan, Nikki N; Pacha, Laura A

    2013-08-01

    Increasing numbers of Staphylococcus aureus infections demonstrate antibiotic resistance. Military populations experiencing crowding are at increased risk of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) infection. High prevalence of CA-MRSA infection among Army personnel was previously documented at Fort Benning, GA from 2002 to 2007. To ascertain recent CA-MRSA trends at Fort Benning regarding antibiotic susceptibility, infection rates, and treatment regimens among Army personnel. Incident CA-MRSA cases among active duty members/trainees from January 2008 to December 2010 were identified using active surveillance and laboratory data. In total, 2,171 infections were identified, representing 5,794 CA-MRSA-related clinic visits. Annual rates decreased from 33 to 27 infections per 1,000 soldiers from 2008 to 2010. Approximately 78% of isolates were from training units. Approximately 4% of infections required hospitalization. Most infections (97%) were treated with antibiotics (36% received antibiotics and wound drainage). Antibiotic susceptibility patterns remained comparable to previous assessments. The observed decline in CA-MRSA rates and associated hospitalizations, coupled with stable antibiotic susceptibility patterns, is encouraging. Passive surveillance using laboratory records proved useful in identifying infection and could enhance detection across training sites. Given the continued high CA-MRSA prevalence among trainees, providers/public health personnel should remain vigilant to bolster prevention, detection, and treatment efforts. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  8. Structures and energetics of BenCn (n = 1-5) and Be2nCn (n = 1-4) clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fioressi, Silvina E.; Binning, R. C.; Bacelo, Daniel E.

    2014-10-01

    The structures and energies of BenCn (n = 1-5) and Be2nCn (n = 1-4) clusters have been examined in theoretical electronic structure calculations. Cluster geometries were optimized in B3LYP/6-31G(2df) calculations and energies ordered in QCISD(T) calculations at the optimum geometries. Be and C bond to each other and to other atoms of their own kind, creating a great variety of low-energy clusters in a variety of structural types. Comparisons of the carbide clusters with previously explored silicide structures reveal some structural similarities, but the variety of carbide structures is much greater, owing primarily to the ability of carbon atoms to form multiple Csbnd C bonds.

  9. [Experience of treatment and understanding of impediment disease in Shen nong ben cao jing (Shen-ntonz's Classic of Materia Medica)].

    PubMed

    Ding, Hongchang; Wang, Zhenrui

    2015-01-01

    As a book with significant historical materials for the research of impediment disease not to be ignored, Shen nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) contains, among its 365 kinds of materia medica, 75 kinds of medicines related to impediment disease. Among the latter ones, 51 are related to "damp impediment", "cold-damp impediment", "wind-cold-damp impediment", "wind impediment", "wind-damp impediment", and "cold impediment"; 16 are related to "laryngeal impediment", "general impediment", and "blood impediment"; 8 are related to "muscular impediment", "stomach impediment", "hernia-conglomeration impediment", "internal consumptive-thirst impediment", "wilting impediment", and "hemiplegic impediment". To systematically analyze the properties, tastes, and effects of these medicines and its related knowledge, and then further explore the overall recognition and their treating experience of the physicians at that period would not only enrich the historical research on impediment disease, but also offer much help and reference to the understanding and treatment of impediment for contemporary clinicians.

  10. [Preliminary textual research on Zhijintang Sanctum re-revised version of Jinling edition of Ben cao gang mu (Compendium of Materia Medica)].

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jinsheng

    2014-03-01

    The Zhijintang Sanctum version of the re-revised edition of Jinling edition of Ben cao gang mu (Compendium of Materia Medica)collected by Zhao Huiyuan of Baihe, Henan Province in 2008 was opted as one of the third batch of the National Directory of Rare Ancient Worksin 2010. On the second cover page (patent page), it is recorded as"Original Jiangxi version". However, it is investigated to find that most of its paper sheets were reprinted after the original Jinling version, only scores of paper sheets were supplemented block-printed, including the additional block-printed second preface and Li Jianyuan's submitted report of the Jiangxi version, the re-revised time of which should be after the Jiangxi edition, or 1603. The exact time can be determined only by checking it carefully against another Jinling re-revised version (the Sheyuantang Sanctum edition).

  11. Stream diurnal dissolved oxygen profiles as indicators of in-stream metabolism and disturbance effects: Fort Benning as a case study

    SciTech Connect

    Mulholland, Patrick J

    2005-01-01

    We investigated whether two characteristics of stream diurnal dissolved oxygen profiles, the daily amplitude and maximum value of the dissolved oxygen saturation deficit, are useful indicators of stream metabolism and the effects of catchment-scale disturbances. The study was conducted at the U.S. Army's Fort Benning installation where vegetation loss and high rates of erosion from intensely used training areas and unpaved roads have resulted in extensive sedimentation in some streams. Diurnal profiles of dissolved oxygen were measured in 10 second-order streams draining catchments which exhibited a range of disturbance levels. Rates of gross primary production (GPP) and total ecosystem respiration (R) per unit surface area were determined for each stream using the single-station diurnal dissolved oxygen change method with direct measurement of air-water oxygen exchange rates. The daily amplitude of the diurnal dissolved oxygen deficit profile was highly correlated with daily rates of GPP, and multiplying the daily amplitude by average stream depth to account for differences in water volume did not improve the correlation. The daily maximum dissolved oxygen deficit was highly correlated with daily rates of R, and multiplying by average stream depth improved the correlation. In general, these indicators of stream metabolism declined sharply with increasing catchment disturbance level, although the indicators of R showed a more consistent relationship with disturbance level than those of GPP. Our results show that the daily amplitude and maximum value of diurnal dissolved oxygen deficit profiles are good indicators of reach-scale rates of metabolism and the effects of catchment-scale disturbance on these metabolism rates. At Fort Benning, and presumably at other military installations, they are useful tools for evaluating trends in impacts from military training or rates of recovery following restoration activities.

  12. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  13. Evaluation of health benefit using BenMAP-CE with an integrated scheme of model and monitor data during Guangzhou Asian Games.

    PubMed

    Ding, Dian; Zhu, Yun; Jang, Carey; Lin, Che-Jen; Wang, Shuxiao; Fu, Joshua; Gao, Jian; Deng, Shuang; Xie, Junping; Qiu, Xuezhen

    2016-04-01

    Guangzhou is the capital and largest city (land area: 7287 km(2)) of Guangdong province in South China. The air quality in Guangzhou typically worsens in November due to unfavorable meteorological conditions for pollutant dispersion. During the Guangzhou Asian Games in November 2010, the Guangzhou government carried out a number of emission control measures that significantly improved the air quality. In this paper, we estimated the acute health outcome changes related to the air quality improvement during the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games using a next-generation, fully-integrated assessment system for air quality and health benefits. This advanced system generates air quality data by fusing model and monitoring data instead of using monitoring data alone, which provides more reliable results. The air quality estimates retain the spatial distribution of model results while calibrating the value with observations. The results show that the mean PM2.5 concentration in November 2010 decreased by 3.5 μg/m(3) compared to that in 2009 due to the emission control measures. From the analysis, we estimate that the air quality improvement avoided 106 premature deaths, 1869 cases of hospital admission, and 20,026 cases of outpatient visits. The overall cost benefit of the improved air quality is estimated to be 165 million CNY, with the avoided premature death contributing 90% of this figure. The research demonstrates that BenMAP-CE is capable of assessing the health and cost benefits of air pollution control for sound policy making.

  14. 7Be(n, α and 7Be(n,p) cross-section measurement for the Cosmological Lithium Problem at the n_TOF facility at CERN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbagallo, M.

    2016-03-01

    The 7Be(n, α reaction cross-section has been measured for the first time in a wide neutron energy range, in order to investigate its role in the destruction of 7Be during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, as a possible solution to the Cosmological Lithium problem (CLiP). The measurement has been performed at the new vertical beam line of the neutron Time-of-Flight facility (n_TOF) at CERN, taking advantage of the extremely high instantaneous neutron flux which allows to obtain the useful signal-to-background ratio particularly suited for challenging measurements on short-lived radioisotopes, such as 7Be ( t1/2 ≃ 53.2 days) . The two alfa particles emitted back-to-back in the reaction have been detected by mean of sandwiches of silicon detectors and exploiting the coincidence technique. In order to complete the n_TOF program on CLiP, the 7Be(n,p) cross-section will be measured during the next n_TOF experimental campaign, using an high-purity sample and a silicon telescope device.

  15. Chinese herbal medicine formula Gu-Ben-Fang-Xiao-Tang attenuates airway inflammation by modulating Th17/Treg balance in an ovalbumin-induced murine asthma model

    PubMed Central

    Ruan, Guiying; Tao, Baohong; Wang, Dongguo; Li, Yong; Wu, Jingyi; Yin, Genquan

    2016-01-01

    Gu-Ben-Fang-Xiao-Tang (GBFXT) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of 11 medicinal plants, which has been used in the treatment of asthma. The present study aimed to determine the protective effects and the underlying mechanisms of GBFXT on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic inflammation in a mouse model of allergic asthma. A total of 50 mice were randomly assigned to the following five experimental groups: Normal, model, montelukast (2.6 mg/kg), 12 g/kg GBFXT and 36 g/kg GBFXT groups. Airway responsiveness was measured using the forced oscillation technique, while differential cell count in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was measured by Wright-Giemsa staining. Histological assessment was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, while BALF levels of Th17/Treg cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the proportions of Th17 and Treg cells were evaluated by flow cytometry. The results showed that GBFXT suppressed airway hyperresponsiveness during methacholine-induced constriction, reduced the percentage of leukocytes and eosinophils, and resulted in decreased absolute neutrophil infiltration in lung tissue. In addition, GBFXT treatment significantly decreased the IL-17A cytokine level and increased the IL-10 cytokine level in the BALF. Furthermore, GBFXT significantly suppressed Th17 cells and increased Treg cells in asthmatic mice. In conclusion, the current results demonstrated that GBFXT may effectively inhibit the progression of airway inflammation in allergic asthma, partially by modulating the Th17/Treg cell balance. PMID:27588063

  16. Reviews Book: Big Ben Book: Mini Weapons of Mass Destruction Equipment: Waves and Radiation Sample Pack Book: The Exploratorium Science Snackbook Book: Super Structures Book: The Universe and the Atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-11-01

    WE RECOMMEND Mini Weapons of Mass Destruction A pictorial guide to making safe mini weapons Waves and Radiation Sample Pack Pack shines light on the electromagnetic spectrum The Exploratorium Science Snackbook Book is full of ideas for fascinating physics demonstrations Super Structures The science of bridges, buildings, dams and engineering WORTH A LOOK Big Ben The physics of the world-famous clock The Universe and the Atom A comprehensive guide to physics

  17. The remodeling of the fibers texture Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Napoli, Gaetano

    2016-07-01

    The term fibrosis refers to the development of fibrous connective tissue, in an organ or in a tissue, as a reparative response to injury or damage. The review article by Ben Amar and Bianca [1] proposes a unified multiscale approach for the modeling of fibrosis, accounting for phenomena occurring at different spatial scales (molecular, cellular and macroscopic). The main aim is to define a general unified framework able to describe the mechanisms, not yet completely understood, that trigger physiological and pathological fibrosis.

  18. Assessment of population exposure to PM2.5 for mortality in China and its public health benefit based on BenMAP.

    PubMed

    Chen, Li; Shi, Mengshuang; Gao, Shuang; Li, Suhuan; Mao, Jian; Zhang, Hui; Sun, Yanling; Bai, Zhipeng; Wang, Zhongliang

    2017-02-01

    Along with the rapid socioeconomic development, air pollution in China has become a severe problem. One component of air pollution, in particular, PM2.5 has aroused wide public concern because of its high concentration. In this study, data were collected from over 900 monitoring sites of the newly constructed PM2.5 monitoring network in China. The interpolation methods were used to simulate the PM2.5 exposure level of China especially in rural areas, thus reflecting the spatial variation of PM2.5 pollution. We calculated the health benefit caused by PM2.5 in China in 2014 based on Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP), assuming achievement of China National Ambient Air Quality Standard (No. GB3095-2012). By reducing the annual average concentration of PM2.5 to the annual Grade II standard (35 μg/m(3)), the avoided deaths for cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and lung cancer could reach 89,000 (95% CI, 8000-170,000), 47,000 (95% CI, 3000-91,000) and 32,000 (95% CI, 6000-58,000) per year using long term health function, respectively. The attributable fractions of cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and lung cancer to all cause were 42%, 22% and 15%, respectively. The total economic benefits for rolling back the concentration of PM2.5 to the level of 35 μg/m(3) were estimated to be 260 (95%CI: (73, 440) billion RMB and 72 (95%CI: (45, 99) billion RMB using willingness to pay (WTP) and human capital (HC) methods, respectively, which account for 0.40% (95%CI: (0.11%, 0.69%) and 0.11% (95%CI: (0.07%, 0.15%) of the total annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of China in 2014. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Public health benefits of reducing air pollution in Shanghai: a proof-of-concept methodology with application to BenMAP.

    PubMed

    Voorhees, A Scott; Wang, Jiandong; Wang, Cuicui; Zhao, Bin; Wang, Shuxiao; Kan, Haidong

    2014-07-01

    In recent years, levels of particulate matter (PM) air pollution in China have been relatively high, exceeding China's Class II standards in many cities and impacting public health. This analysis takes Chinese health impact functions and underlying health incidence, applies 2010-2012 modeled and monitored PM air quality data, and estimates avoided cases of mortality and morbidity in Shanghai, assuming achievement of China's Class II air quality standards. In Shanghai, the estimated avoided all cause mortality due to PM10 ranged from 13 to 55 cases per day and from 300 to 800 cases per year. The estimated avoided impact on hospital admissions due to PM10 ranged from 230 cases to 580 cases per day and from 5400 to 7900 per year. The estimated avoided impact on all cause mortality due to PM2.5 ranged from 6 to 26 cases per day and from 39 to 1400 per year. The estimated impact on all cause mortality of a year exposure to an annual or monthly mean PM2.5 concentration ranged from 180 to 3500 per year. In Shanghai, the avoided cases of all cause mortality had an estimated monetary value ranging from 170 million yuan (1 US dollar=4.2 yuan Purchasing Power Parity) to 1200 million yuan. Avoided hospital admissions had an estimated value from 20 to 43 million yuan. Avoided emergency department visits had an estimated value from 5.6 million to 15 million yuan. Avoided outpatient visits had an estimated value from 21 million to 31 million yuan. In this analysis, available data were adequate to estimate avoided health impacts and assign monetary value. Sufficient supporting documentation was available to construct and format data sets for use in the United States Environmental Protection Agency's health and environmental assessment model, known as the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program - Community Edition ("BenMAP-CE").

  20. Climate change-related temperature impacts on warm season heat mortality: a proof-of-concept methodology using BenMAP.

    PubMed

    Voorhees, A Scott; Fann, Neal; Fulcher, Charles; Dolwick, Patrick; Hubbell, Bryan; Bierwagen, Britta; Morefield, Philip

    2011-02-15

    Climate change is anticipated to raise overall temperatures and is likely to increase heat-related human health morbidity and mortality risks. The objective of this work was to develop a proof-of-concept approach for estimating excess heat-related premature deaths in the continental United States resulting from potential changes in future temperature using the BenMAP model. In this approach we adapt the methods and tools that the US Environmental Protection Agency uses to assess air pollution health impacts by incorporating temperature modeling and heat mortality health impact functions. This new method demonstrates the ability to apply the existing temperature-health literature to quantify prospective changes in climate-sensitive heat-related mortality. We compared estimates of future temperature with and without climate change and applied heat-mortality health functions to estimate relative changes in heat-related premature mortality. Using the A1B emissions scenario, we applied the GISS-II global circulation model downscaled to 36-km using MM5 and formatted using the Meteorology-Chemistry Interface Processor. For averaged temperatures derived from the 5 years 2048-2052 relative to 1999-2003 we estimated for the warm season May-September a national U.S. estimate of annual incidence of heat-related mortality to be 3700-3800 from all causes, 3500 from cardiovascular disease, and 21 000-27 000 from nonaccidental death, applying various health impact functions. Our estimates of mortality, produced to validate the application of a new methodology, suggest the importance of quantifying heat impacts in economic assessments of climate change.

  1. Big Ben on a Shoestring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalotas, T. M.; Lee, A. R.

    1993-01-01

    This article describes a demonstration in which a straightened coathanger supported by threads and held near the ears resembles bells or gongs when struck. A mathematical explanation of the effect is provided. (MVL)

  2. Fort Benning Indianhead Townhome Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.; Roberts, S.; Butler, T.; Kim, E.

    2012-12-01

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  3. Big Ben on a Shoestring.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalotas, T. M.; Lee, A. R.

    1993-01-01

    This article describes a demonstration in which a straightened coathanger supported by threads and held near the ears resembles bells or gongs when struck. A mathematical explanation of the effect is provided. (MVL)

  4. Fort Benning Indianhead Townhome Renovations

    SciTech Connect

    Stephenson, R.; Roberts, S.; Butler, T.; Kim, E.

    2012-12-01

    The NAHB Research Center partnered with production builder Winchester/Camberley Homes to build a DOE Building America New Construction Test House (NCTH). This single family, detached house, located in the mixed-humid climate zone of Silver Spring, MD, was completed in June 2011. The primary goal for this house was to improve energy efficiency by 30% over the Building America B10 benchmark by developing and implementing an optimized energy solutions package design that could be cost effectively and reliably constructed on a production basis using quality management practices. The intent of this report is to outline the features of this house, discuss the implementation of the energy efficient design, and report on short-term testing results. During the interactive design process of this project, numerous iterations of the framing, air sealing, insulation, and space conditioning systems were evaluated for energy performance, cost, and practical implementation. The final design featured numerous advanced framing techniques, high levels of insulation, and the HVAC system entirely within conditioned space. Short-term testing confirmed a very tight thermal envelope and efficient and effective heating and cooling. In addition, relevant heating, cooling, humidity, energy, and wall cavity moisture data will be collected and presented in a future long-term report.

  5. Ben-Hur Staircase Climbs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, John; Simoson, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    How many ways may one climb an even number of stairs so that left and right legs are exercised equally, that is, both legs take the same number of strides, take the same number of total stairs, and take strides of either 1 or 2 stairs at a time? We characterize the solution with a difference equation and find its generating function.

  6. Water volume and sediment volume and density in Lake Linganore between Boyers Mill Road Bridge and Bens Branch, Frederick County, Maryland, 2012

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sekellick, Andrew J.; Banks, William S.L.; Myers, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    To assist in understanding sediment loadings and the management of water resources, a bathymetric survey was conducted in the part of Lake Linganore between Boyers Mill Road Bridge and Bens Branch in Frederick County, Maryland. The bathymetric survey was performed in January 2012 by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the City of Frederick and Frederick County. A separate, but related, field effort to collect 18 sediment cores was conducted in March and April 2012. Depth and location data from the bathymetric survey and location data for the sediment cores were compiled and edited by using geographic information system (GIS) software. A three-dimensional triangulated irregular network (TIN) model of the lake bottom was created to calculate the volume of stored water in the reservoir. Large-scale topographic maps of the valley prior to inundation in 1972 were provided by the Frederick County Division of Utilities and Solid Waste Management and digitized for comparison with current (2012) conditions in order to calculate sediment volume. Cartographic representations of both water depth and sediment accumulation were produced, along with an accuracy assessment for the resulting bathymetric model. Vertical accuracies at the 95-percent confidence level for the collected data, the bathymetric surface model, and the bathymetric contour map were calculated to be 0.64 feet (ft), 1.77 ft, and 2.30 ft, respectively. A dry bulk sediment density was calculated for each of the 18 sediment cores collected during March and April 2012, and used to determine accumulated sediment mass. Water-storage capacity in the study area is 110 acre-feet (acre-ft) at a full-pool elevation 308 ft above the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929, whereas total sediment volume in the study area is 202 acre-ft. These totals indicate a loss of about 65 percent of the original water-storage capacity in the 40 years since dam construction. This corresponds to an average rate of sediment

  7. The DNA-binding domain of BenM reveals the structural basis for the recognition of a T-N11-A sequence motif by LysR-type transcriptional regulators.

    PubMed

    Alanazi, Amer M; Neidle, Ellen L; Momany, Cory

    2013-10-01

    LysR-type transcriptional regulators (LTTRs) play critical roles in metabolism and constitute the largest family of bacterial regulators. To understand protein-DNA interactions, atomic structures of the DNA-binding domain and linker-helix regions of a prototypical LTTR, BenM, were determined by X-ray crystallography. BenM structures with and without bound DNA reveal a set of highly conserved amino acids that interact directly with DNA bases. At the N-terminal end of the recognition helix (α3) of a winged-helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif, several residues create hydrophobic pockets (Pro30, Pro31 and Ser33). These pockets interact with the methyl groups of two thymines in the DNA-recognition motif and its complementary strand, T-N11-A. This motif usually includes some dyad symmetry, as exemplified by a sequence that binds two subunits of a BenM tetramer (ATAC-N7-GTAT). Gln29 forms hydrogen bonds to adenine in the first position of the recognition half-site (ATAC). Another hydrophobic pocket defined by Ala28, Pro30 and Pro31 interacts with the methyl group of thymine, complementary to the base at the third position of the half-site. Arg34 interacts with the complementary base of the 3' position. Arg53, in the wing, provides AT-tract recognition in the minor groove. For DNA recognition, LTTRs use highly conserved interactions between amino acids and nucleotide bases as well as numerous less-conserved secondary interactions.

  8. Sequence stratigraphy, depositional facies and reservoir continuity of a storm-wave - and tide-dominated Delta: An example from the Lower Cretaceous Ben Nevis and Avalon Formations, Jeanne D'Arc Basin, Grand Banks, Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Sabry, H. )

    1990-05-01

    The Avalon Formation is recognized as a regressive/transgressive sequence of Barremian to late Aptian age, overlain unconformably (sequence boundary) by the Aptian to Albian Ben Nevis transgressive sequence. Sedimentation took place in a Mesozoic failed-rift basin setting dominated by an inferred delta complex that occupied the southern end of the Jeanne D'Arc basin. Geostrophic events, namely storm waves and tidal currents, dispersed and fractionated sediments northward into mainly thin-bedded clean sands with interbedded argillaceous, silty beds. The Avalon and Ben Nevis formations contain collectively four reservoir zones separated by two shale markers representing marine-flooding surfaces. Based on detailed sedimentologic investigation of over 6,000 ft of Avalon and Ben Nevis cores, the following geologic history of events and depositional model are proposed. Prior to the Avalon sequence, a lowstand prograding wedge of the eastern Shoals Formation terminated with lagoonal red mudstones and was locally emergent and rooted. During deposition of the basal Avalon (late Barremian), a slow transgression, marked by brackish water sediments, started, resulting in the formation of transgressive barrier bars and migrating tidal inlets in the Hibernia area. These transgressive shoreline sands display good reservoir continuity across the basin with large oil recoveries, e.g., Hibernia 0-35 field. A subsequent slow drop in relative sea level in the central part of the basin resulted in deposition and development of a prograding delta-front platform. Close to the end of Avalon deposition (middle Aptian), an ensuing rapid drop in relative sea level initiated very rapid seaward progradation of the coastal zone and incision of fluvial/estuarine channels into the older now-exposed delta-front platform.

  9. Biological systems modeling in the context of fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolev, Mikhail K.

    2016-07-01

    Over the last decades the collaboration between scientists from biology, medicine and pharmacology on one side and scholars from mathematics, physics, mechanics and computer science on the other has led to better understanding of the properties of living systems, the mechanisms of their functioning and interactions with the environment and to the development of new therapies for various disorders and diseases. The target paper [1] by Ben Amar and Bianca presents a detailed description of the research methods and techniques used by biomathematicians, bioinformaticians, biomechanicians and biophysicists for studying biological systems, and in particular in the context of pathological fibrosis.

  10. "Next-generation psychiatric assessment: Using smartphone sensors to monitor behavior and mental health": Correction to Ben-Zeev et al. (2015).

    PubMed

    2015-12-01

    Reports an error in "Next-generation psychiatric assessment: Using smartphone sensors to monitor behavior and mental health" by Dror Ben-Zeev, Emily A. Scherer, Rui Wang, Haiyi Xie and Andrew T. Campbell (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 2015[Sep], Vol 38[3], 218-226). Model fit statistics in Table 1 are reported as a row for Model 2, but not for Model 1, due to a production error. Model 1 fit statistics should appear as a row with the following information: 2LL 1490.0, AIC 1498.0 & BIC 1505.3. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-14736-001.) Optimal mental health care is dependent upon sensitive and early detection of mental health problems. We have introduced a state-of-the-art method for the current study for remote behavioral monitoring that transports assessment out of the clinic and into the environments in which individuals negotiate their daily lives. The objective of this study was to examine whether the information captured with multimodal smartphone sensors can serve as behavioral markers for one's mental health. We hypothesized that (a) unobtrusively collected smartphone sensor data would be associated with individuals' daily levels of stress, and (b) sensor data would be associated with changes in depression, stress, and subjective loneliness over time. A total of 47 young adults (age range: 19-30 years) were recruited for the study. Individuals were enrolled as a single cohort and participated in the study over a 10-week period. Participants were provided with smartphones embedded with a range of sensors and software that enabled continuous tracking of their geospatial activity (using the Global Positioning System and wireless fidelity), kinesthetic activity (using multiaxial accelerometers), sleep duration (modeled using device-usage data, accelerometer inferences, ambient sound features, and ambient light levels), and time spent proximal to human speech (i.e., speech duration using microphone and speech

  11. Comparison of mathematical models of fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by M. Ben Amar and C. Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kachapova, Farida

    2016-07-01

    Mathematical and computational models in biology and medicine help to improve diagnostics and medical treatments. Modeling of pathological fibrosis is reviewed by M. Ben Amar and C. Bianca in [4]. Pathological fibrosis is the process when excessive fibrous tissue is deposited on an organ or tissue during a wound healing and can obliterate their normal function. In [4] the phenomena of fibrosis are briefly explained including the causes, mechanism and management; research models of pathological fibrosis are described, compared and critically analyzed. Different models are suitable at different levels: molecular, cellular and tissue. The main goal of mathematical modeling of fibrosis is to predict long term behavior of the system depending on bifurcation parameters; there are two main trends: inhibition of fibrosis due to an active immune system and swelling of fibrosis because of a weak immune system.

  12. A time for multi-scale modeling of anti-fibrotic therapies. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Min

    2016-07-01

    The development of anti-fibrotic therapies in diversities of diseases becomes more and more urgent recently, such as in pulmonary, renal and liver fibrosis [1,2], as well as in malignant tumor growths [3]. As reviewed by Ben Amar and Bianca [4], various theoretical, experimental and in-silico models have been developed to understand the fibrosis process, where the implication on therapeutic strategies has also been frequently demonstrated (e.g., [5-7]). In [4], these models are analyzed and sorted according to their approaches, and in the end of [4], a unified multi-scale approach was proposed to understand fibrosis. While one of the major purposes of extensive modeling of fibrosis is to shed light on therapeutic strategies, the theoretical, experimental and in-silico studies of anti-fibrosis therapies should be conducted more intensively.

  13. Agent based simulations in disease modeling Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pappalardo, Francesco; Pennisi, Marzio

    2016-07-01

    Fibrosis represents a process where an excessive tissue formation in an organ follows the failure of a physiological reparative or reactive process. Mathematical and computational techniques may be used to improve the understanding of the mechanisms that lead to the disease and to test potential new treatments that may directly or indirectly have positive effects against fibrosis [1]. In this scenario, Ben Amar and Bianca [2] give us a broad picture of the existing mathematical and computational tools that have been used to model fibrotic processes at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels. Among such techniques, agent based models (ABM) can give a valuable contribution in the understanding and better management of fibrotic diseases.

  14. The role of time delay in the modeling of fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerrini, Luca

    2016-07-01

    Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca have written a valuable paper [1], which is a timely review of the different theoretical tools for the modeling of physiological and pathological fibrosis existing in the literature. The review [1] is written with clarity and in a simple way, which makes it understandable to a wide audience. The author presents an exhaustive exposition of the interplay between the different scholars which works in the modeling of fibrosis diseases and a survey of the main theoretical approaches, among others, ODE-based models, PDE-based models, models with internal structure, mechanics of continuum approach, agent-based models. A critical analysis discusses their applicability, including advantages and disadvantages.

  15. Epilogue: A Speech by Ben Cameron.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Ben

    1999-01-01

    Reflects on the state of the arts in general and theatre arts in particular. Examines the role of controversy in the arts; discusses "elitism," issues of diversity and being committed to community. Argues that deep, substantive discussions are needed on the value to society of the arts and the values that the arts uphold and exemplify. (SR)

  16. Watershed Monitoring Strategy, Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-11

    weather) TMDL ( coliform ) Coliform Bacteria Quarterly (shared with Columbus Water Works) 10 Solution (Part 2) - TMDL Monitoring UNCLASSIFIED...sustainability 6 New Challenge UNCLASSIFIED Compliance • NPDES Permitting (construction sites) • TMDLs (6 streams for sediment, 1 for coliform ...Solution (Part 1) - Conventional Monitoring UNCLASSIFIED Locations: 6 segments (sediment); monitoring in MS4 areas 1 segment ( coliform ); up/inter

  17. Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Laser by Ben Bova

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bova, Ben

    2000-03-01

    Radio astronomers have had no success in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Astronomers are now studying the heavens for signals that intelligent beings might send using lasers. Laser lights have the advantage of directionality, monochromaticity, and coherence. This research, called "optical SETI," looks for optical or infrared pulses with detectors that can pick up a broad spectrum of frequencies. By confining the search to stars similar to the Sun, scientists hope to find evidence of life other than ours.

  18. Revisiting the Personal Essay with Ben Hamper's "Rivethead"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    The personal essay--a paper in which a student brings in his or her own experience or concerns--is probably familiar to most historians. Teaching at the City University of New York, the author has found grading personal essays somewhat perplexing. They are sometimes written in response to an assignment that does not call for personal reflection.…

  19. Central Issue Facility at Fort Benning and Related Army Policies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-21

    Neckerchief 1 0 0 No Cap, Cold Weather 1 0 0 No Balaclava or Neck Gaiter 1 0 0 No Inserts 2 0 2 No Gloves 1 0 1 No Drawers, Polypropylene 2 0 2...No Undershirts, Polypropylene 2 0 2 No Undershirts, Silk 2 0 0 No Drawers, Silk 2 0 0 No Shirt, Fleece 1 0 0 Yes Liner, Trousers 1 0 0 Yes Coat... business processes at the central issue facilities at Army installations. The module provides a standard Army-wide, automated system for the receipt

  20. Fort Benning Land-Use Planning and Management Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    process is three-tiered: (a) an initial phase that results in preliminary allocations for natural resources, (b) a second phase that focuses on...allocations of military training requirements, and (c) a final phase that resolves conflicts between the military and natural resource requirements and...assigns final allocations. 34. Initial phase : Natural resource allocations. The first step in this phase was to make allocations among natural resource

  1. Revisiting the Personal Essay with Ben Hamper's "Rivethead"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    The personal essay--a paper in which a student brings in his or her own experience or concerns--is probably familiar to most historians. Teaching at the City University of New York, the author has found grading personal essays somewhat perplexing. They are sometimes written in response to an assignment that does not call for personal reflection.…

  2. And Now, a Message for Today's Students from Ben Franklin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levy, Tedd

    1991-01-01

    Suggests that Benjamin Franklin's autobiography contains many useful messages for today's students. Discusses Franklin's list of virtues that he followed in an attempt at attaining moral perfection. Includes temperance, industry, justice, tranquillity, and humility. Describes the message of Franklin's lesson as one of achieving through effort…

  3. And Now, a Message for Today's Students from Ben Franklin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levy, Tedd

    1991-01-01

    Suggests that Benjamin Franklin's autobiography contains many useful messages for today's students. Discusses Franklin's list of virtues that he followed in an attempt at attaining moral perfection. Includes temperance, industry, justice, tranquillity, and humility. Describes the message of Franklin's lesson as one of achieving through effort…

  4. Style Shifting from "Hyojungo" to Osaka-ben.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallmon, Jennifer

    A study examined the shift from standard spoken Japanese to dialect and compared it to the shift from formal to informal forms, within the context of several theories of code-switching and style-shifting. A five-minute segment was taken from a 30-minute conversation between three female native Japanese-speakers, all familiar with the Osaka…

  5. How Fragile Is Consolidated Knowledge? Ben's Comparisons of Infinite Sets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsamir, Pessia; Dreyfus, Tommy

    2005-01-01

    This article builds on two previous ones in which we presented the processes of construction and consolidation of one student's knowledge structures about comparisons of infinite sets, according to a recently proposed theory of abstraction. In the present article, we show that under slight variations of context, knowledge structures that have…

  6. 78 FR 63570 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Forms W-8BEN, W-8BEN-E, W-8ECI, W-8EXP, and W-8IMY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of... Intermediary, Foreign Flow-Through Entity, or Certain U.S. Branches for United States Tax Withholding, and the... Service, Room 6129, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20224. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  7. "It's All About Ben10[TM]": Children's Play, Health and Sustainability Decisions in the Early Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, S.; Skouteris, H.; Rutherford, L.; Cutter-Mackenzie, A.

    2013-01-01

    In today's fast food, fast-paced consumer society, too few questions are asked about the influence of digital media on young children's health and sustainability choices, and indeed how such choices are expressed in children's play (and early childhood classrooms). By interviewing children and parents, and using such data to prompt teacher…

  8. A Watershed Modeling System for Fort Benning, GA Using the US EPA BASINS Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    new USGS sites are the RED flower symbols: Pine Knot Creek Near Eelbeeck, GA (Station No. 02341725) Upatoi Creek Below Baker Creek Near Upatoi...Brossett, and J. R. Olson, editors. 2010. Rapid Bioassessment of Stream Health. CRC Press, Boca Raton FL. Ikeda, S., G. Parker and K. Sawai, 1981. “Bend...Ratios. National Engineering Handbook , Section 3, Sedimentation. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington, DC. Weintraub, L., C.W. Chen, W. Tsai, J. Herr

  9. Observing Ben Wyckoff: From Basic Research to Programmed Instruction and Social Issues

    PubMed Central

    Escobar, Rogelio; Lattal, Kennon A

    2011-01-01

    L. Benjamin Wyckoff's seminal contributions to both psychological theory and application are the subject of this review. Wyckoff started his academic career as a graduate student at Indiana University, where he developed the observing-response procedure under the guidance of B. F. Skinner and C. J. Burke. At the University of Wisconsin–Madison, Wyckoff refined his mathematical theory of secondary reinforcement. This theory was the impetus for his creation of an electronic simulation of a rat running a T maze, one of the first “computer models” of learning. Wyckoff next went to Emory University, leaving there to help create two of the most successful companies dedicated to the advancement of programmed instruction and teaching machines: Teaching Machines, Inc. and the Human Development Institute. Wyckoff's involvement in these companies epitomizes the application of basic behavior-analytic principles in the development of technology to improve education and human relationships. The emergent picture of Wyckoff is that of a man who, through his research, professional work in educational applications of behavioral principles, and active involvement in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, was strongly committed to applying behavioral science to positively influence human behavior change. PMID:22532737

  10. The Ben Franklin Book of Easy and Incredible Experiments, Activities, Projects, and Science Fun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudy, Lisa Jo, Ed.

    Benjamin Franklin was the first great American scientist. This book contains activities which are organized into six subjects that Benjamin Franklin investigated: observation and experimentation, meteorology, electricity, sound and music, paper and printing, and lenses and vision. At the end of each chapter is a list of resources and ideas. The…

  11. 40 CFR 721.1150 - Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... allergic reactions in humans; that this substance is a severe skin and eye irritant; and that the use of.... They have also caused allergic reactions in humans. —Prevent all contact with skin, eyes, and clothing... section except as modified by this paragraph. (1) Recordkeeping. In addition to the requirements of §...

  12. 40 CFR 721.1150 - Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... allergic reactions in humans; that this substance is a severe skin and eye irritant; and that the use of.... They have also caused allergic reactions in humans. —Prevent all contact with skin, eyes, and clothing... section except as modified by this paragraph. (1) Recordkeeping. In addition to the requirements of §...

  13. 40 CFR 721.1150 - Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... allergic reactions in humans; that this substance is a severe skin and eye irritant; and that the use of... following information: WARNING: CONTACT WITH SKIN AND EYES IS HARMFUL —Severe skin and eye irritant.... They have also caused allergic reactions in humans. —Prevent all contact with skin, eyes, and...

  14. Distribution of radon sources and effects on radon emanation in granitic soil at Ben Lomond, California

    SciTech Connect

    Flexser, S.; Wollenberg, H.A.; Smith, A.R.

    1993-10-01

    The abundance and distribution of radioelements on bulk and microscopic scales were investigated in residual granitic-derived soil at a facility for investigating the movement of radon into structures. In bulk soil samples, Ra concentrations range from 0.6 to 1.3 pCi/g, and variations in Ra, Th, and K appear to be controlled mainly by heterogeneities inherited from the parent granitic rock, which contains abundant dikes and inclusions. U in soil and parent rock is concentrated in primary minerals (mainly zircon and sphene), and in secondary sites that are of greater importance for Rn emanation. The main U-bearing secondary sites are weathered sphene, grain boundary coatings, weathered biotite and plagioclase, as well as dense Fe-rich coatings and a REE-phosphate mineral present in near-vertical fracture zones in saprolite underlying shallow loam. Elevated U in these sites generally correlates with high Ti, Al, Fe, and/or P. Preferential distribution of U and Ra on grain boundaries and porous weathered minerals is reflected in relatively high Rn emanation rates in the soil. Highest emanation occurs between 1.3 and 2.3 m depth, where fine pedogenic phases - gibbsite and amorphous silica and Fe-OOH - are most abundant; it is related to fixation of Ra by these phases, which precipitate close to the surface and accumulate at these depths by illuviation. Separation of Ra from U may occur locally, given remobilization of U-series elements from secondary sites, and large differences between Ra and U sorption capabilities of several phases present in the soil. Concentration of U along permeable fracture zones in saprolite suggest that contribution of soil-gas Rn from depth (>2 m) could be significant to Rn availability near the surface. 15 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. "Et Pis Bon, Ben Alors Voilà Quoi!" Teaching Those Pesky Discourse Markers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullan, Kerry

    2016-01-01

    Discourse markers have been described as "nervous tics, fillers, or signs of hesitation", and are frequently dismissed as features of lazy or inarticulate speech. Yet in fact they have a number of crucial functions in spoken interaction, such as buying time, managing turn taking, linking utterances, introducing a new topic and indicating…

  16. Field Study of Solid Waste Reduction, Management, and Disposal Issues at Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-02-01

    significant reduction of landfill disposal can be achieved by implementing a simple yard waste composting program. 1 A yard waste composting program can...installations that are rapidly approaching capacity limits on their existing landfills. Furthermore, composting is a beneficial way for wastes to be...of a yard waste composting program. Composting of yard wastes can and should play an major part of solid waste management for the Army and should be

  17. Using multi-spectral landsat imagery to examine forest health trends at Fort Benning, Georgia

    Treesearch

    Shawna L. Reid; Joan L. Walker; Abigail Schaaf

    2016-01-01

    Assessing vegetation health attributes like canopy density or live crown ratio and ecological processes such as growth or succession ultimately requires direct measures of plant communities. However, on-theground sampling is labor and time intensive, effectively limiting the amount of forest that can be evaluated. Radiometric data collected with a variety of sensors ...

  18. Evaluation of Calorie Requirements for Ranger Training at Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-07-01

    Florida (Table 1). Body weights were obtained in the nude fasting state after void- in&. Skinfold thicknesses were measured on the right and left triceps...between the three pha"es which provided them with opportunities to purchase and consm other foods., Fif teen of the man were questioned for recall

  19. SEMP Historical Meteorology Evaluaton for the Area Near Fort Benning, GA: 1999-2001

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Fayette, Coweta, Heard, Spalding, Meriwether , Troup, Lamar, Pike, Upson, Talbot, Harris, Taylor, Muscogee, Marion, Chattahoochee, Macon, and...Schley counties in Georgia. See Figure A1. Figure A1: Darkened area is the extent of the West Central Georgia Division. Year Precipitation

  20. Ben's Perception of Space and Subitizing Activity: A Constructivist Teaching Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Beth L.

    2015-01-01

    This 22-session constructivist teaching experiment set out to investigate a preschool student's number understanding relative to his subitizing activity. Subitizing, a quick apprehension of the numerosity of a small set of items, has been found to characterize perceptual and conceptual processes students rely on as their understanding of number…

  1. Observing ben wyckoff: from basic research to programmed instruction and social issues.

    PubMed

    Escobar, Rogelio; Lattal, Kennon A

    2011-01-01

    L. Benjamin Wyckoff's seminal contributions to both psychological theory and application are the subject of this review. Wyckoff started his academic career as a graduate student at Indiana University, where he developed the observing-response procedure under the guidance of B. F. Skinner and C. J. Burke. At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wyckoff refined his mathematical theory of secondary reinforcement. This theory was the impetus for his creation of an electronic simulation of a rat running a T maze, one of the first "computer models" of learning. Wyckoff next went to Emory University, leaving there to help create two of the most successful companies dedicated to the advancement of programmed instruction and teaching machines: Teaching Machines, Inc. and the Human Development Institute. Wyckoff's involvement in these companies epitomizes the application of basic behavior-analytic principles in the development of technology to improve education and human relationships. The emergent picture of Wyckoff is that of a man who, through his research, professional work in educational applications of behavioral principles, and active involvement in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, was strongly committed to applying behavioral science to positively influence human behavior change.

  2. Benning House: The Grass Roots Beginning of Army Substance Abuse Treatment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    Marshall had a reputation for driving drunk nightly from the Officers’ Club. The post commander ordered Carl to keep a young enlisted man sober for a...Jim Adelman arrived with a passion for treating alcoholism and a unique experience with recovery. His grandfather had drunk himself out of a

  3. [Textual research on personnels revising Xin xiu ben cao (newly Revised Herbology)].

    PubMed

    Wang, J; Zhang, R; Yin, H

    2000-10-01

    The problem is investigated by studying annals of Tang - Song period and relevant materials. It is claimed that at the time when Sujing's report was submitted in the second year of Xianqing reign, the officials surveilling and revising the text include in order: ZHANG SUN Wuji, LI Ji, YU Zhining etc, together with SU Jing, the total number being 23. Changes appeared in this number at the time when the work was finished in the fourth year of Xianqing reign. Though, by then, the number involved was still 23, yet the order of LI Ji and ZHANG SUN Wuji was reversed, and Xin Mao jiang took the place of YU Zhining. In addition, the birth time of SU Jing was investigated to be 595 - 600.

  4. 75 FR 5511 - Safety Zone; AICW Closure Safety Zone for Ben Sawyer Bridge Replacement Project, Sullivan's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... Bridge Replacement Project, Sullivan's Island, SC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule... Swing Bridge. This regulation is necessary to protect life and property on the navigable waters of the... hazards associated with the bridge replacement, including potential falling debris and the use of heavy...

  5. Ben Jonson: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barish, Jonas A., Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Jonas A. Barish, T. S. Eliot, L. C. Knights, Harry Levin, Edmund Wilson, Arthur Sale, C. H. Herford, Paul Goodman, Edward B. Partridge, Ray L. Heffner, Jr., Joseph Allen Bryant, Jr., and Dolora Cunningham--all dealing…

  6. 40 CFR 721.1150 - Substituted polyglycidyl ben-zena-mine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... found to cause cancer, reproductive effects, kidney and liver effects in laboratory animals, and allergic reactions in humans; that this substance is a severe skin and eye irritant; and that the use of... following information: WARNING: CONTACT WITH SKIN AND EYES IS HARMFUL —Severe skin and eye irritant...

  7. Physical Fitness Symposium, 12-14 October 1970, United States Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1970-10-14

    This is the basic aecnanisa of knee injury. Further activities that stretch the knee ligaasnts, such as full squat Jumps and full squats in weight...evaluate the Army’s physical fitnees test programs. AUTHGRITTt N The Commanding General, Headquarters, United States Continental Army Command...VI. The Knee Joint Structure, Function, end Liaita- VII. Selection of Physical Fitness Test Events — Dr. Flttishaan —————— ——----—•---—— ■ VIII

  8. "It's All About Ben10[TM]": Children's Play, Health and Sustainability Decisions in the Early Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, S.; Skouteris, H.; Rutherford, L.; Cutter-Mackenzie, A.

    2013-01-01

    In today's fast food, fast-paced consumer society, too few questions are asked about the influence of digital media on young children's health and sustainability choices, and indeed how such choices are expressed in children's play (and early childhood classrooms). By interviewing children and parents, and using such data to prompt teacher…

  9. Pulling the Parent Trigger--Forum. "Education Next" Talks with Ben Austin and Michael J. Petrilli

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Ben; Petrilli, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    Championed by California-based Parent Revolution, and adopted first by California in early 2010, more than a half-dozen states now have parent trigger laws. The parent trigger, which allows a majority of parents at a low-performing school to vote to seize control from the local district, has been wielded at four California schools. Is the parent…

  10. Ben Franklin: A Curiosity-Driven Scientist, a Service-Driven Citizen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herschbach, Dudley

    2003-04-01

    At the age of 42, Franklin retired from his prosperous printing business, ``to have leisure to read, study, and make experiments." The scope of his scientific work was remarkable. Beyond his key contributions to understanding electrcity, Franklin wrote major papers on population growth, on meterology, on heat conduction and evaporation, charted the Gulf Stream, studied bioluminescence and the stilling of water waves by a surface layer of oil. He also advanced arguments in favor of conservation of mass and the wave theory of light. Although always alert for practical applications, his style was that of an explorer, eager for adventure and insight. However, Franklin did not consider science as important as public service. He promoted many civic projects in Philadelphia, including a circulating library, fire department, paving of streets, hospital, and was the prime mover in founding the American Philosophical Society and an academy that evolved into the University of Pennsylvania. As well as publishing the most widely read newspaper in the colonies and his bestselling almanac, he became public printer for several of the colonies and postmaster. He lived in England 14 years as a trade representative, largely struggling in vain. At the age of 70, he undertook a decade of service as minister to France, achieving against great odds crucial diplomatic triumphs.

  11. Some Observations of Ben Franklin Related to the Stilling of Waves by Oil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gugliotti, Marcos

    2007-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin's famous published work "Of the Stilling of Waves by Means of Oil" is an extract from letters between Franklin, Brownrigg, and Farsih which presents the observations on chemical study.

  12. Some Observations of Ben Franklin Related to the Stilling of Waves by Oil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gugliotti, Marcos

    2007-06-01

    While studying the calming effect of oil on water, Benjamin Franklin made other interesting observations and arrived at conclusions related to chemical concepts and phenomena unusual for scientists of that time. A careful analysis of Franklin's article on wave damping can lead to discussions on different topics in chemistry, and may be an interesting manner to present chemical concepts in introductory chemistry courses.

  13. Effects of Ben 10 on Kids in the Age-Group 5 to 8 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandhu, Devendar

    2014-01-01

    "The problem with our society is that our values aren't in the right place. There's an awful lot of bleeding and naked bodies on prime-time networks, but not nearly enough cable television on public programming." --Bauvard, Evergreens Are Prudish Technology has expanded the availability of information through various routes, such as,…

  14. Some Observations of Ben Franklin Related to the Stilling of Waves by Oil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gugliotti, Marcos

    2007-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin's famous published work "Of the Stilling of Waves by Means of Oil" is an extract from letters between Franklin, Brownrigg, and Farsih which presents the observations on chemical study.

  15. The Ben Franklin Book of Easy and Incredible Experiments, Activities, Projects, and Science Fun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudy, Lisa Jo, Ed.

    Benjamin Franklin was the first great American scientist. This book contains activities which are organized into six subjects that Benjamin Franklin investigated: observation and experimentation, meteorology, electricity, sound and music, paper and printing, and lenses and vision. At the end of each chapter is a list of resources and ideas. The…

  16. Tibbon, Jacob ben Machir ibn [known as Prophatius] (1236-1312)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Doctor, born in Marseilles, Spain (now France), a translator, mathematician and astronomer. He invented what is known as Jacob's quadrant, and the book in which he describes it contains a table of 11 stars used in the construction of the instrument. He wrote Luhot (Tables) a book of astronomical tables giving positions of stars at Paris. Tibbon's work was mentioned in DANTE's Divine Comedy and u...

  17. Pulling the Parent Trigger--Forum. "Education Next" Talks with Ben Austin and Michael J. Petrilli

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Ben; Petrilli, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    Championed by California-based Parent Revolution, and adopted first by California in early 2010, more than a half-dozen states now have parent trigger laws. The parent trigger, which allows a majority of parents at a low-performing school to vote to seize control from the local district, has been wielded at four California schools. Is the parent…

  18. Darton College Customized Nursing Program for the Fort Benning Community and Research Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    AD_________________ Award Number: W81XWH-11-2-0205 TITLE: Darton College Customized Nursing Program...CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Darton College Albany, GA 31707 REPORT DATE: October 2013 TYPE OF REPORT: Final...October 2013 2. REPORT TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED 14September2011-13September2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Darton College Customized Nursing

  19. A space maintainability experiment aboard the Ben Franklin submersible during the 30-day Gulf Stream drift mission.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kappler, J. R.; May, C. B.

    1972-01-01

    In the summer of 1969, a deep submersible drifted for 30 days below the surface of the Gulf Stream, while operated by a six man crew. The main purpose of the mission was oceanographic research. The crew's activities and completely self-contained environment resembled those of a space station such as Skylab. Because of these similarities aspects of onboard vehicle maintenance during the actual conduct of a scientific mission were investigated. The maintainability study was accomplished in six distinct phases. Two useful plots of manpower distribution were developed. A maintenance action summary is presented in a table.

  20. 78 FR 31593 - Aleris Recycling Bens Run, LLC, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Winans Extras Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-24

    ...: 2013-12382] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-82,388] Aleris Recycling... name by the International Trade Commission as a member of a domestic industry in an investigation... reconsideration of the U.S. Department of Labor's prior decision. The application is, therefore, granted....

  1. Effects of Construction of the Digital Multipurpose Range Complex (DMPRC) on Riparian and Stream Ecosystems at Fort Benning, Georgia. Addendum

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    ACTION ITEM FROM 2008 IPR REVIEW : In the addendum to your SERDP Final Report separate out the invertebrate taxa results to reflect differences...estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this

  2. Developing a Terrestrial Biogeochemical Cycle Modeling System to Support the Management of Fort Benning and its Surrounding Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    Tables: Table 1. Forest age-class and biomass carbon lookup table ( unit Mg C ha-1) ............... 13  Table 2. Values for some key inputs/parameters... forest growth rates (Table 1). Table 1. Forest age-class and biomass carbon lookup table ( unit Mg C ha-1) Age class 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85 95 105...4  3.2  Carbon Content in Forest Biomass ................................................................... 4  3.3

  3. Developing a Spatially Distributed Terrestrial Biogeochemical Cycle Modeling System to Support the Management of Fort Benning and its Surrounding Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    54  Tables: Table 1. Forest age-class and biomass carbon lookup table ( unit Mg C ha-1) ............... 13  Table 2. Values for some key inputs...simulated forest growth rates (Table 1). Table 1. Forest age-class and biomass carbon lookup table ( unit Mg C ha-1) Age class 5 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85...4  3.2  Carbon Content in Forest Biomass ................................................................... 4

  4. The Social Life of Books: Write, Read, Blog, Rip, Share Any Good Books Lately? A Conversation with Ben Vershbow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albanese, Andrew Richard

    2006-01-01

    Institute for the Future of the Book, based in Brooklyn, aims to combine new ways of thinking with new media to forge a new path for expression. The institute, which was founded in 2004, is on its way to releasing the first version of Sophie, an "all-purpose tool" for creating multimedia texts. Like the institute itself, Sophie's mission…

  5. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) on sugarcane in Colombia, with description of a new species of Tillancoccus Ben-Dov (Coccidae).

    PubMed

    Caballero, Alejandro; Ramos-Portilla, Andrea Amalia; Kondo, Takumasa

    2017-05-02

    Herein we describe a new species, Tillancoccus koreguajae Caballero & Ramos, sp. n. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) from Colombia collected on sugarcane. Pinnaspis strachani (Cooley) is also recorded on sugarcane for the first time worldwide. An updated list of seven species of Coccomorpha on sugarcane in Colombia is provided, including information on its distribution, biology, and mutualistic ants for each species. Seven species of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) have been recorded previously on sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum L. (Poaceae) in Colombia: Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus boninsis (Kuwana), D. brevipes (Cockerell), Pseudococcus calceolariae (Maskell), Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell); Coccidae: Pulvinaria elongata Newstead; Diaspididae: Duplachionaspis divergens (Green) and Serenaspis minima (Maskell). However, the record of S. minima in Colombia is considered doubtful as there are no voucher specimens from Colombia and because the distribution of this species is currently limited to the Australasian region. Pseudococcus calceolariae is present in Colombia but its record on sugarcane is also doubtful. A taxonomic key for the identification of scale insects on sugarcane in Colombia is provided.

  6. ‘I Haue Ben Crised and Besy’: Illness and Resilience in the Fifteenth-Century Stonor Letters

    PubMed Central

    Thorpe, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    The modern and medieval meanings of words reporting ill health often bear little resemblance to one another. This article compares the use of ‘diseased’ and ‘sick’ in the fifteenth-century Stonor family letters. It examines the word ‘crased’, which implies physical ill health most directly, but also suggests emotional, psychological, or spiritual distress in female family members especially. The article then turns to the practical implications of poor health, asking how and why it affected the day-to-day concerns of the Stonors and their associates. It uncovers compelling evidence for resilience in the face of many and competing calls of duty. Finally, the article presents unique palaeographical evidence for the impact of illness, where a correspondent is so ‘seke’ that he can scarcely hold his pen. PMID:27499834

  7. 40 CFR 721.1025 - Benzenamine, 4-chloro-2-methyl-; benzenamine, 4-chloro-2-methyl-, hydrochloride; and ben-zenamine...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....1025 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.1025...-methyl-. (a) Chemical substances and significant new use subject to reporting. (1) The...

  8. Effects of Tracked-Vehicle Training Activity on Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) Behavior at Fort Benning, GA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    mate choice and, therefore, are susceptible to problems associated with inbreeding and restricted gene flow. These susceptibilities are not desirable...are susceptible, therefore, to problems associated with inbreeding and restricted gene flow. ERDC/CERL TR-06-10 13 4 Conclusions and...vehicle activities seem to have more limited options for mate choice and, therefore, are susceptible to problems associated with inbreeding and restricted

  9. Ligand-biased ensemble receptor docking (LigBEnD): a hybrid ligand/receptor structure-based approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lam, Polo C.-H.; Abagyan, Ruben; Totrov, Maxim

    2017-09-01

    Ligand docking to flexible protein molecules can be efficiently carried out through ensemble docking to multiple protein conformations, either from experimental X-ray structures or from in silico simulations. The success of ensemble docking often requires the careful selection of complementary protein conformations, through docking and scoring of known co-crystallized ligands. False positives, in which a ligand in a wrong pose achieves a better docking score than that of native pose, arise as additional protein conformations are added. In the current study, we developed a new ligand-biased ensemble receptor docking method and composite scoring function which combine the use of ligand-based atomic property field (APF) method with receptor structure-based docking. This method helps us to correctly dock 30 out of 36 ligands presented by the D3R docking challenge. For the six mis-docked ligands, the cognate receptor structures prove to be too different from the 40 available experimental Pocketome conformations used for docking and could be identified only by receptor sampling beyond experimentally explored conformational subspace.

  10. Business Plan for the Creation of a National Center of Excellence for Alcohol Septal Ablation at Ben Taub General Hospital

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-23

    obstructive cardiomyopathy. Some possibilities include beta - blockers , calcium channel blockers, antiarrhythmic medications, and diuretics (National Heart...Lung, & and Blood Institute, 1997). Beta - blockers can ease symptoms by slowing the pumping action of the heart muscle. Calcium channel blockers relax

  11. Ben Taub General Hospital & LifeGift: Strengthening a Partnership to Save Lives and Improve Healthcare Delivery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-24

    of methylprednisolone , 20 units of regular insulin, and 20 micrograms of levothyroxine. The dextrose and insulin are contained within vials that can...be obtained from the Pyxis pharmaceutical dispensing machine. Methylprednisolone and levothyroxine are contained in vials in the main pharmacy. Once

  12. Measurement of the 6He Decay Produced by the 9Be(n, α) 6 He Reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Katelyn; Coats, Micah; Yuly, Mark; Padalino, Stephen; Sangster, Craig; Regan, Sean

    2016-10-01

    The OMEGA laser at LLE is routinely used to implode gas-filled capsules to study light ion fusion reaction rates of interest to stellar nucleosynthesis. As a first step toward a possible measurement of the 3H(t,γ)6He radiative capture reaction, a detector system capable of measuring the 801 ms half-life of 6He has been developed and is being tested using 6He nuclei produced via the 9Be(n,α)6He reaction. Deuterons from the SUNY Geneseo tandem Pelletron produce neutrons in a thick deuterated polyethylene target via the 2H(d,n)3He reaction. These neutrons are allowed to strike a beryllium target placed in front of a silicon ΔE-E detector telescope, which is used to identify the β particles from 6He decay. Following an approximately five second long activation period, the beryllium sample is immediately counted for about five seconds. The pulse heights for each detector and the timestamp are recorded using a specially configured femtoDAQ acquision system and used to measure the decay curve. Funded in part by a Grant from the DOE through the Laboratory for Laser Energetics.

  13. Financial Optimization of Electricity Security Assets at Military Installations: Including Case Studies of Dover Air Force Base, Fort Benning, and MCAGCC Twentynine Palms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    management control systems, battery storage, and microgrids are generally put into service to enhance electricity security and control, but their...electricity security assets and uses are deployed. This study began with current installation assets and uses (status quo) and modeled financial optimization...Security Assets Page 8 systems, advanced on-site conventional and renewable generation, battery storage, electric vehicle-to-grid, and microgrid

  14. A Study to Design a Functional Patient Health Education Program for Implementation at the United States Army Medical Department Activity, Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    I. INTRODUCTION ..... ........................ ... 1 , Background . . .. Ba . ....................... Statement of the Problem ................. 4...more complex as the tech- nical knowledge base underlying it has grown at explosive rates. It is no longer realistic to expect users of health care...a.ureview, Appndi anlyi ofpr seleted statisticalo frecordsl anddesd"’ " rubports particlr lyhihmayo thos uense orenteod towoisardeasrouingl ’ -- emloe

  15. An Intensive Survey of a 2,200 Acre Tract within a Proposed Maneuver Area at the Fort Benning Military Reservation, Chattahoochee County, Georgia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    of Chattahoochee County, west Marion County contained three post offices (Bald Hill, Shell Creek and Halloca) and one town, referred to locally as...form for 9Ce11 is a typographical error, and should, in fact, be 󈧗th century.’ This is only supposition, but it does indicate that the site should be... assess the potential applicability, a review and evaluation of their model formulation was made prior to our initiating fieldwork. RSA examined six

  16. 40 CFR 721.1735 - Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-dimethylethylphenyl) benzotriazole (PMN P-86-1771) is subject to reporting under this section for the significant new uses described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. (2) The significant new uses are: (i) Protection in.... Requirements as specified in § 721.72 (b)(2), (c), (d), (e) (concentration set at 1.0 percent), (f) and (g)(1...

  17. 40 CFR 721.1735 - Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...-dimethylethylphenyl) benzotriazole (PMN P-86-1771) is subject to reporting under this section for the significant new uses described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. (2) The significant new uses are: (i) Protection in.... Requirements as specified in § 721.72 (b)(2), (c), (d), (e) (concentration set at 1.0 percent), (f) and (g)(1...

  18. 40 CFR 721.1735 - Alkylbisoxyalkyl (sub-sti-tut-ed-1,1-dimethylethylphenyl) ben-zo-tria-zole (generic name).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-dimethylethylphenyl) benzotriazole (PMN P-86-1771) is subject to reporting under this section for the significant new uses described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. (2) The significant new uses are: (i) Protection in.... Requirements as specified in § 721.72 (b)(2), (c), (d), (e) (concentration set at 1.0 percent), (f) and (g)(1...

  19. 75 FR 38179 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Forms W-8BEN, W-8ECI, W-8EXP, and W-8IMY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    .../or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law... Intermediary, Foreign Flow-Through Entity, or Certain U.S. Branches for United States Tax Withholding. DATES... Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20224. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional...

  20. [Determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 in Ben Lamge granules by HPLC-FLD after multi-pretreatment clean-up].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qiong; Ran, Cong-cong; Chen, Dan; Li, Jun-mei; Jiang, Ye

    2015-10-01

    To establish a multi-pretreatment method for the determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 in Chinese patent medicines, aflatoxins were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector with post-column derivatization, after the multi-pretreatment of samples. The results showed that after the samples extracted with MeOH-H2O, dehydrated by anhydrous magnesium sulphate and sodium chloride, and finally purified by neutral alumina, the impurity interference of different sources in Chinese patent medicines matrix can be effectively removed, and the main peak can be nicely separated from the impurity peak. The detection limits were 0.25, 0.25, 0.50, 0.25 μg x L(-1) for AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, respectively. The quantification limits were 1.00, 0.50, 1.00, 0.50 μg x L(-1), respectively. Aflatoxin B1, G1 showed a good linear relationship at a range of 1.0-50 μg x L(-1), aflatoxin B2, G2 at a range of 0.5-12.5 μg x L(-1) (R2 > 0.99). The average recovery was 80.40% - 108.6%. The present method is simple, reproducible with the reasonable recoveries and can be applied for the determination of aflatoxins in Chinese patent medicines.

  1. Multi-Body-Site Microbiome and Culture Profiling of Military Trainees Suffering from Skin and Soft Tissue Infections at Fort Benning, Georgia.

    PubMed

    Singh, Jatinder; Johnson, Ryan C; Schlett, Carey D; Elassal, Emad M; Crawford, Katrina B; Mor, Deepika; Lanier, Jeffrey B; Law, Natasha N; Walters, William A; Teneza-Mora, Nimfa; Bennett, Jason W; Hall, Eric R; Millar, Eugene V; Ellis, Michael W; Merrell, D Scott

    2016-01-01

    Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the general population, with increased prevalence among military trainees. Previous research has revealed numerous nasal microbial signatures that correlate with SSTI development and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Thus, we hypothesized that the ecology of the inguinal, oropharynx, and perianal regions may also be altered in response to SSTI and/or S. aureus colonization. We collected body site samples from 46 military trainees with purulent abscess (SSTI group) as well as from 66 asymptomatic controls (non-SSTI group). We also collected abscess cavity samples to assess the microbial composition of these infections. Samples were analyzed by culture, and the microbial communities were characterized by high-throughput sequencing. We found that the nasal, inguinal, and perianal regions were similar in microbial composition and significantly differed from the oropharynx. We also observed differences in Anaerococcus and Streptococcus abundance between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and oropharyngeal regions, respectively. Furthermore, we detected community membership differences between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and inguinal sites. Compared to that of the other regions, the microbial compositions of the nares of S. aureus carriers and noncarriers were dramatically different; we noted an inverse correlation between the presence of Corynebacterium and the presence of Staphylococcus in the nares. This correlation was also observed for the inguinal region. Culture analysis revealed elevated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) colonization levels for the SSTI group in the nasal and inguinal body sites. Together, these data suggest significant microbial variability in patients with SSTI as well as between S. aureus carriers and noncarriers. IMPORTANCE While it is evident that nasal colonization with S. aureus increases the likelihood of SSTI, there is a significant lack of information regarding the contribution of extranasal colonization to the overall risk of a subsequent SSTI. Furthermore, the impact of S. aureus colonization on bacterial community composition outside the nasal microbiota is unclear. Thus, this report represents the first investigation that utilized both culture and high-throughput sequencing techniques to analyze microbial dysbiosis at multiple body sites of healthy and diseased/colonized individuals. The results described here may be useful in the design of future methodologies to treat and prevent SSTIs.

  2. Multi-Body-Site Microbiome and Culture Profiling of Military Trainees Suffering from Skin and Soft Tissue Infections at Fort Benning, Georgia

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Jatinder; Johnson, Ryan C.; Schlett, Carey D.; Elassal, Emad M.; Crawford, Katrina B.; Mor, Deepika; Lanier, Jeffrey B.; Law, Natasha N.; Walters, William A.; Teneza-Mora, Nimfa; Bennett, Jason W.; Hall, Eric R.; Millar, Eugene V.; Ellis, Michael W.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the general population, with increased prevalence among military trainees. Previous research has revealed numerous nasal microbial signatures that correlate with SSTI development and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Thus, we hypothesized that the ecology of the inguinal, oropharynx, and perianal regions may also be altered in response to SSTI and/or S. aureus colonization. We collected body site samples from 46 military trainees with purulent abscess (SSTI group) as well as from 66 asymptomatic controls (non-SSTI group). We also collected abscess cavity samples to assess the microbial composition of these infections. Samples were analyzed by culture, and the microbial communities were characterized by high-throughput sequencing. We found that the nasal, inguinal, and perianal regions were similar in microbial composition and significantly differed from the oropharynx. We also observed differences in Anaerococcus and Streptococcus abundance between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and oropharyngeal regions, respectively. Furthermore, we detected community membership differences between the SSTI and non-SSTI groups for the nasal and inguinal sites. Compared to that of the other regions, the microbial compositions of the nares of S. aureus carriers and noncarriers were dramatically different; we noted an inverse correlation between the presence of Corynebacterium and the presence of Staphylococcus in the nares. This correlation was also observed for the inguinal region. Culture analysis revealed elevated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) colonization levels for the SSTI group in the nasal and inguinal body sites. Together, these data suggest significant microbial variability in patients with SSTI as well as between S. aureus carriers and noncarriers. IMPORTANCE While it is evident that nasal colonization with S. aureus increases the likelihood of SSTI, there is a significant lack of information regarding the contribution of extranasal colonization to the overall risk of a subsequent SSTI. Furthermore, the impact of S. aureus colonization on bacterial community composition outside the nasal microbiota is unclear. Thus, this report represents the first investigation that utilized both culture and high-throughput sequencing techniques to analyze microbial dysbiosis at multiple body sites of healthy and diseased/colonized individuals. The results described here may be useful in the design of future methodologies to treat and prevent SSTIs. PMID:27747300

  3. Relationship of the Ben Franklin Dam Alternative to Water and Land Uses, Plans, Policies, and Controls for the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    fish spawning and wildlife habitat loss. , North Pacific Division. Reach Inventory, Columbia River Headwater McNary Reservoir to Grand Coulee Dam . Portland...River. This book is an inventory of existing land uses and conditions of the river from McNary Reservoir to Grand Coulee Dam . This inventory was part of

  4. Investigation of an Acute Respiratory Disease Outbreak Due to Adenovirus Type 4 Among Recruits Fort Benning, Georgia, April-May 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-05-01

    DESTRUCTION NOTICE - Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document. U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion... internal ventilation systems should be considered if otherwise well maintained systems cannot function to specifications. c. Emphasize the...Infect Dis 1999; 179:1531-3. 23. Sanchez JL, Binn LN, Innis BL, Craig SC, Reynolds RD, Lee T, Marquez JP, Mitchell- Raymundo F, Sheperd GA, Polyak CS

  5. Microscopic analysis of 10,11Be elastic scattering on protons and 12C and breakup processes of 11Be within the 10Be+n cluster model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spasova, K.; Lukyanov, V. K.; Kadrev, D. N.; Antonov, A. N.; Zemlyanaya, E. V.; Lukyanov, K. V.; Gaidarov, M. K.

    2016-06-01

    The elastic scattering cross-sections of 10,11Be on protons and 12C at energy E < 100 MeV/nucleon using microscopically calculated optical potentials (OP) are presented. The real OP is obtained by a folding procedure with effective NN interactions, while the imaginary OP is estimated within the high energy approximation (HEA). The spin-orbit part of the OP is also included. The characteristics of the breakup processes of 11Be on different nuclear targets are also considered. The cross-sections of diffractive breakup and stripping reactions of 11Be on 9Be, 93Nb, 181Ta and 238U at energy E = 63 MeV/nucleon and the longitudinal momentum distributions of 10Be fragments produced in the breakup of 11Be on these nuclei are presented. The results are in a good agreement with the available experimental data, in particular the obtained widths of about 50 MeV/c are closed to the empirical ones.

  6. Nutrition Survey of Two Consecutive Training Cycles of the Airborne Training BN, CO. ’G’, Fort Benning, Georgia, October-November 1953

    DTIC Science & Technology

    The primary purpose of this survey was to determine (a) the total food consumption from all sources by these trainees, (b) the nutrient composition...a comparison of the various methods of computing food consumption and food losses.

  7. Combined use of land use regression and BenMAP for estimating public health benefits of reducing PM2.5 in Tianjin, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Li; Shi, Mengshuang; Li, Suhuan; Bai, Zhipeng; Wang, Zhongliang

    2017-03-01

    To assess the public health benefits of reducing PM2.5 in Tianjin, we created an annual air quality surface with a land use regression (LUR) model conducted at a high spatial resolution (1 km). The predictors included in the final model were population density, road length within a 1000 m buffer, industrial land area within a 2000m buffer and distance to the coast. The fitting R2 and the leave-one-out-cross-validation (LOOCV) R2 of the PM2.5 LUR models were 0.78 and 0.73, respectively, suggesting that the predicted PM2.5 concentrations fitted well with the measured values for the entire year. Daily air quality surfaces were established based on historic concentration data and interpolation method. We evaluated avoided cases of mortality and morbidity in Tianjin, assuming achievement of China's current air quality daily and annual standards (No. GB3095-2012). Reducing the daily average PM2.5 to the daily Class II standard (75 μg/m3), the avoided emergency department visits, the deaths for cardiovascular disease and the deaths for respiratory disease are 85,000 (95% confidence interval (CI), 17,000-150,000), 2000 (95% CI, 920-3100) and 280 (95% CI, 94-460) per year respectively, and the monetary values are 23-42 million yuan, 180-4800 million yuan and 25-670 million yuan per year in 2015 yuan year respectively. Reducing the annual average PM2.5 to the annual Class II standard (35 μg/m3), the avoided emergency department visits, the deaths for cardiovascular disease and the deaths for respiratory disease are 59,000 (95% CI, 12,000-110,000), 1400 (95% CI, 640-2100) and 200 (95% CI, 66-320) per year respectively, and the monetary values are 16-29 million yuan, 130 to 3400 million yuan and 18 to 480 million yuan per year in 2015 yuan year respectively.

  8. Mercury status of the Amazon Continental Shelf: Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis, Van Benédén 1864) as a bioindicator.

    PubMed

    de Moura, Jailson Fulgencio; Emin-Lima, Renata; Hacon, Sandra S; Vega, Claudia Maribel; de Campos, Reinaldo Calixto; Siciliano, Salvatore

    2012-08-01

    Total mercury (Hg) was analyzed in muscle tissue of 27 accidentally captured Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) in order to evaluate Hg contamination levels present in the Amazon Continental Shelf, in Amapá state, North Brazil. The samples showed a mean concentration of 0.4 ± 0.16 μg/g wet weight (ww), ranging from 0.07 to 0.79 μg/g ww. As observed in several other cetacean species, Hg concentrations presented positive correlations to body length, related to the capacity to bioaccumulate this element throughout life. Hg concentrations were not significantly different between males (mean = 0.38 μg/g ww; n = 15) and females (mean = 0.42 μg/g ww; n = 12). Concentrations were low when compared to results of studies carried out with small cetaceans in the Northern Hemisphere, and with some previous studies in the south-eastern region of Brazil. In contrast with high Hg concentrations normally detected in river dolphin samples from Amazon River tributaries, our results suggest that the Amazon coast contains low levels of Hg in bioavailable form.

  9. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) can allow treatment with clozapine in a patient with severe benign ethnic neutropaenia (BEN): a case report.

    PubMed

    Spencer, Benjamin W J; Williams, Hugh R J; Gee, Siobhan H; Whiskey, Eromona; Rodrigues, Joseph P; Mijovic, Aleksandar; MacCabe, James H

    2012-09-01

    Clozapine is the treatment of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, but it is associated with a risk of neutropaenia and agranulocytosis. Clozapine use is regulated by mandatory blood monitoring in the UK, requiring cessation of treatment should the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) drop below specified values. Benign reductions in the ANC in non-white populations are common, and this can preclude a patient from receiving treatment with clozapine. A diagnosis of benign ethnic neutropaenia can reduce these treatment restrictions (UK specific), but the degree of neutropaenia can be significant enough to still prevent treatment. In this report, we show that response to granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) may be quite variable and difficult to predict, but with careful monitoring it can be used to increase the ANC count and allow continued treatment with clozapine.

  10. Promoting healthy eating, active play and sustainability consciousness in early childhood curricula, addressing the Ben10™ problem: a randomised control trial.

    PubMed

    Skouteris, Helen; Edwards, Susan; Rutherford, Leonie; Cutter-MacKenzie, Amy; Huang, Terry; O'Connor, Amanda

    2014-06-03

    This paper details the research protocol for a study funded by the Australian Research Council. An integrated approach towards helping young children respond to the significant pressures of '360 degree marketing' on their food choices, levels of active play, and sustainability consciousness via the early childhood curriculum is lacking. The overall goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of curriculum interventions that educators design when using a pedagogical communication strategy on children's knowledge about healthy eating, active play and the sustainability consequences of their toy food and toy selections. This cluster-randomised trial will be conducted with 300, 4 to 5 year-old children attending pre-school. Early childhood educators will develop a curriculum intervention using a pedagogical communication strategy that integrates content knowledge about healthy eating, active play and sustainability consciousness and deliver this to their pre-school class. Children will be interviewed about their knowledge of healthy eating, active play and the sustainability consequences of their food and toy selections. Parents will complete an Eating and Physical Activity Questionnaire rating their children's food preferences, digital media viewing and physical activity habits. All measures will be administered at baseline, the end of the intervention and 6 months post intervention. Informed consent will be obtained from all parents and the pre-school classes will be allocated randomly to the intervention or wait-list control group. This study is the first to utilise an integrated pedagogical communication strategy developed specifically for early childhood educators focusing on children's healthy eating, active play, and sustainability consciousness. The significance of the early childhood period, for young children's learning about healthy eating, active play and sustainability, is now unquestioned. The specific teaching and learning practices used by early childhood educators, as part of the intervention program, will incorporate a sociocultural perspective on learning; this perspective emphasises building on the play interests of children, that are experienced within the family and home context, as a basis for curriculum provision. Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12614000363684: Date registered: 07/04/2014.

  11. Ben's Model: A Multivocal Synthesis for an Evidence-Based, Family-Centered Program Planning Model for Young Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Music, Amber D.

    2013-01-01

    Every year, the prevalence of children with autism increases, and community programs should be prepared to address the needs of this population. Comprehensive Treatment Models (CTMs) are in place to help serve children with autism, but the components of these programs are diverse. Furthermore, recommendations from prominent organizations such as…

  12. Acute Oral Mammalian Toxicity and Effect of Solvents on Efficacy of Maerua edulis (Gilg. & Ben.) De Wolf against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus Koch, 1844 (Acarina: Ixodidae), Tick Larvae

    PubMed Central

    Mvumi, Brighton M.; Maramba, Tatenda

    2016-01-01

    Efficacy and toxicity of aqueous and organic solvents extracts of Maerua edulis against ticks and mice, respectively, were determined. Ground leaves were extracted separately using cold water, cold water plus surfactant (1% v/v liquid soap), hot water plus surfactant, hexane, or methanol to make 25% w/v stock solutions from which serial dilutions of 5, 10, 20, and 25% were made. For each concentration, 20 Rhipicephalus decoloratus tick larvae were put in filter papers impregnated with extracts and incubated for 48 h at 27°C and 85–90% RH for mortality observation after 24 h and 48 h. In the toxicity experiment, hot water plus surfactant treatments of 5, 10, 20, and 25% (w/v) M. edulis were administered in suspension per os to sexually mature Balb/C mice and observed for clinical signs and mortality for 72 h. Larvae mortality was highest (>98%) in methanol-extracted M. edulis treatments (20 and 25%), which was not different from the amitraz-based control (Tickbuster®). Mortality was also higher in the hot water than in cold water plus surfactant treatments (P < 0.05). No postadministration adverse health effects were observed in the mice. These results suggest that M. edulis is an effective tick remedy best extracted using methanol or hot water plus surfactant. PMID:27660762

  13. Night Sky Radiometric Measurements During Follow-on-Evaluation Testing of AN/PVS-7 (A, B) at Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    moonless, clear starlit night sky. The spectral irradiance of the baseline, WB(X), is given in Fig. B-1 and originates from the data gathered by the Night...the baseline standard for the measure of the nonphotopic detectors be the uncontaminated, natural, moonless, clear starlit night sky. With this...normalized irradiance [HN2] is as follows: Let WB(M) - the incident spectral power distribution of the natural, clear starlit -only night sky pW X cm𔃼 X

  14. Biophysical processes in fibrosis. Comment on: "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Carlo Bianca and Martine Ben Amar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    La Porta, Caterina A. M.; Zapperi, Stefano

    2016-07-01

    The process of inflammation tries to protect the body after an injury due to biological causes such as the presence of pathogens or chemicals, or to physical processes such as burns or cuts. The biological rationale for this process has the main goal of eliminating the cause of the injury and then repairing the damaged tissues. We can distinguish two kinds of inflammations: acute and chronic. In acute inflammation, a series of events involving the local vascular systems, the immune system and various cells within the injured tissue work together to eradicate the harmful stimuli. If the inflammation does not resolve the problem, it can evolve into a chronic inflammation, where the type of cells involved changes and there is a simultaneous destruction and healing of the tissue from the inflammation process.

  15. Theoretical investigations of the structures and binding energies of Be(n) and Mg(n) (n = 3-5) clusters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Timothy J.; Rendell, Alistair P.; Taylor, Peter R.

    1990-01-01

    The equilibrium geometries and binding energies of Be and Mg trimers, tetramers and pentamers have been determined using single and double excitation coupled cluster (CCSD) and complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) wave functions in conjunction with extended atomic basis sets. The best estimates of the cluster binding energies are 24, 83, and 110 kcal/mol for Be3, Be4, and Be5; and 9, 31, and 41 kcal/mol for Mg3, Mg4, and Mg5, respectively. A comparison of the MRCI and CCSD results shows that even the best single-reference approach (limited to single and double excitations) is not capable of quantitative accuracy in determining the binding energies of Be and Mg clusters.

  16. Ben's Model: A Multivocal Synthesis for an Evidence-Based, Family-Centered Program Planning Model for Young Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Music, Amber D.

    2013-01-01

    Every year, the prevalence of children with autism increases, and community programs should be prepared to address the needs of this population. Comprehensive Treatment Models (CTMs) are in place to help serve children with autism, but the components of these programs are diverse. Furthermore, recommendations from prominent organizations such as…

  17. Promoting healthy eating, active play and sustainability consciousness in early childhood curricula, addressing the Ben10™ problem: a randomised control trial

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background This paper details the research protocol for a study funded by the Australian Research Council. An integrated approach towards helping young children respond to the significant pressures of ‘360 degree marketing’ on their food choices, levels of active play, and sustainability consciousness via the early childhood curriculum is lacking. The overall goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of curriculum interventions that educators design when using a pedagogical communication strategy on children’s knowledge about healthy eating, active play and the sustainability consequences of their toy food and toy selections. Methods/Design This cluster-randomised trial will be conducted with 300, 4 to 5 year-old children attending pre-school. Early childhood educators will develop a curriculum intervention using a pedagogical communication strategy that integrates content knowledge about healthy eating, active play and sustainability consciousness and deliver this to their pre-school class. Children will be interviewed about their knowledge of healthy eating, active play and the sustainability consequences of their food and toy selections. Parents will complete an Eating and Physical Activity Questionnaire rating their children’s food preferences, digital media viewing and physical activity habits. All measures will be administered at baseline, the end of the intervention and 6 months post intervention. Informed consent will be obtained from all parents and the pre-school classes will be allocated randomly to the intervention or wait-list control group. Discussion This study is the first to utilise an integrated pedagogical communication strategy developed specifically for early childhood educators focusing on children’s healthy eating, active play, and sustainability consciousness. The significance of the early childhood period, for young children’s learning about healthy eating, active play and sustainability, is now unquestioned. The specific teaching and learning practices used by early childhood educators, as part of the intervention program, will incorporate a sociocultural perspective on learning; this perspective emphasises building on the play interests of children, that are experienced within the family and home context, as a basis for curriculum provision. Trial Registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12614000363684: Date registered: 07/04/2014 PMID:24888732

  18. A Study to Determine the Cost of Quality Assurance to the Department of Surgery at US Army Medical Department Activity. Fort Benning, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-07-01

    7. Fetal Death Rate 0 10 0 .8 1.1 0 8 Autopsy Rate 7 49 70 42.2 47 62 9. Number of Tubal Ligations 10 126 10. Number of Therapeutic Abortions 0 1 11...0 0 0 0 0 6. Anesthetic Death Rate (1 in 5000) 0 0 0 0 0 0 7. Fetal Death Rate 0 0 0 0 .8 8. Autopsy Rate 3 3 37.5 o 37.5 42.2 47 9. Number of Tubal ... Ligations 19 19 10. Number of Therdpeutic Abortions 0 0 11. Number of Vasectomies 12 12 12. Normal Tissue Removed Rate (10%) 5 5 1.9 1.9 .7 1 13

  19. Coffy, YouTube, and Uncle Ben: The Use of Film and New Media in the Teaching of African American Studies at the University of Hawai'i

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Elisa Joy

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how she uses film and new media to "teach students to comprehend the complex historical, social, political, and cultural dimensions of the African American experience." The author uses D.W. Griffith's 1915 "Birth of a Nation," a number of "Blaxploitation" films, YouTube videos,…

  20. TU-A-17A-02: In Memoriam of Ben Galkin: Virtual Tools for Validation of X-Ray Breast Imaging Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Myers, K; Bakic, P; Abbey, C; Kupinski, M; Mertelmeier, T

    2014-06-15

    This symposium will explore simulation methods for the preclinical evaluation of novel 3D and 4D x-ray breast imaging systems – the subject of AAPM taskgroup TG234. Given the complex design of modern imaging systems, simulations offer significant advantages over long and costly clinical studies in terms of reproducibility, reduced radiation exposures, a known reference standard, and the capability for studying patient and disease subpopulations through appropriate choice of simulation parameters. Our focus will be on testing the realism of software anthropomorphic phantoms and virtual clinical trials tools developed for the optimization and validation of breast imaging systems. The symposium will review the stateof- the-science, as well as the advantages and limitations of various approaches to testing realism of phantoms and simulated breast images. Approaches based upon the visual assessment of synthetic breast images by expert observers will be contrasted with approaches based upon comparing statistical properties between synthetic and clinical images. The role of observer models in the assessment of realism will be considered. Finally, an industry perspective will be presented, summarizing the role and importance of virtual tools and simulation methods in product development. The challenges and conditions that must be satisfied in order for computational modeling and simulation to play a significantly increased role in the design and evaluation of novel breast imaging systems will be addressed. Learning Objectives: Review the state-of-the science in testing realism of software anthropomorphic phantoms and virtual clinical trials tools; Compare approaches based upon the visual assessment by expert observers vs. the analysis of statistical properties of synthetic images; Discuss the role of observer models in the assessment of realism; Summarize the industry perspective to virtual methods for breast imaging.

  1. Variation of a benthic heterotrophic bacteria community with different respiratory metabolisms in Coyuca de Benítez coastal lagoon (Guerrero, Mexico).

    PubMed

    Ferrara-Guerrero, María Jesús; Castellanos-Páez, María Elena; Garza-Mouriño, Gabriela

    2007-03-01

    The fluctuations of the number, biomass and composition of the heterotrophic community were studied daily for two days, according to depth, pH, Eh, O2 and organic carbon concentration within a zone of the canal between the Coyuca de Benitez lagoon (Guerrero, Mexico) and the coastal waters. At the three moments of the day studied (6 am, 2 pm and 10 pm), the oxygen concentrations in the overlying water and in the superficial sediment layer were near air-saturation in the diurnal samplings (582 microM at 6 am and 665 microM at 2 pm), and sub-satured during the night (158 microM). In the sediments, the models of vertical distribution of Eh and organic carbon distributions were very irregular due to the bio-perturbation of the benthic, meio- and macrofauna, whose activity allows the superficial organic carbon to migrate towards sediment deeper layers. Vertical distribution of the different viable bacteria populations seems to be related to the hydrodynamic patterns of the communicating canal and sediments heterogeneity. In the sediment column, the heterotrophic bacteria total number varied from 6.8 to 20.3 x 108 cells cm(-3). The highest heterotrophic bacterial biomass values were encountered during the diurnal samplings (39.2 microgC.l(-1) at 6 am and 34.4 microgC.(l(-1) at 2 pm) and the lowest during the night (9.7 microgC.l(-1). The fluctuations of viable heterotrophic bacteria populations with different respiratory metabolisms (aerobic, microaerophilic and anaerobic) can be explained by the existence of suboxic microniches that appear when particles of sediment are resuspended due to the water circulation and the benthic infauna excavating activity, that allows the supernatant water oxygen to penetrate through its galleries towards deeper sediment zones. The statistical analysis (Multiple lineal regression model r2 > or = 0.5) showed that the on the whole, the hydrological parameters are not influence over the bacterial number and bacterial biomass distribution (r2 < or = 0.5), Nevertheless, the variations of the heterotrophic bacteria community observed in the two days sampling, seem to be governed (with F-values of 0.6 to 0.9) by the irregular flows of bio-available organic material and the sediment porosity.

  2. A Study to Design a Functional Space Utilization Program for Implementation at the United States Army Medical Department Activity, Fort Benning, Georgia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    Labor and Delivery . 8. Redesign of nursing stations. 9. Remodeling patient rooms to include bath- rooms in every room. 10. Redesign patient bed locations...the one hand, both the patients and the staff challenge the military health provider to keep pace with a rapidly evolving health delivery system while...paid for by the patients . The cost was approximately $3.00 per day, and since the normal delivery was discharged at the end of seven days, $21.00 was

  3. Restoring Southern Pine Forests Ecosystems: Plant Community Response to Mechanical Midstory History Reduction and Prescribed Fire on Sandhills at Fort Benning Georgia

    Treesearch

    Dale Brockway; Kenneth W. Outcalt; Becky L. Estes

    2003-01-01

    Developed during periods of fire exclusion, dense midstory vegetation, that reduces understory plant diversity (competitive shading) and increases the risk of damaging Wildfire (fuel ladder from ground to canopy), has impeded restoration efforts to safely reintroduce prescribed burning in southern pine ecosystems. Our study evaluated the effects of midstory reduction...

  4. Studying the triple - α reaction in hyperspherical harmonic approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, Ngoc; Nunes, Filomena

    2010-11-01

    The triple-α reaction is studied by using hyperspherical harmonic (HH) method [1]. Starting from three body model, we determine the 2^+ state and the 0^+ resonance as well as the quadrupole strength function B(E2). The triple-α reaction rate are calculated. We also carefully consider the contributions of the nonresonant continuum states to the reaction rate at low temperature (T <=10^8 K). The results are compared with [2,3].[4pt] [1] I. J. Thompson, F. M. Nunes, B. V. Danilin, Comput.Phys.Comm. 161, 87-107 (2004).[0pt] [2] K.Ogata, M.Kan, M.Kamimura, Prog. Theor. Phys. 122, 1055 (2009).[0pt] [3] R. de Diego, E. Garrido, D.V. Fedorov, A.S. Jensen, arXiv:1005.5647v1.

  5. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (from Cultural Resources Management Program for the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING (from Cultural Resources Management Program for the Environment Management Division, Directorate of Public Works, Fort Benning, Georgia) Delineator unknown. GARAGES - Fort Benning, Building No. 864, 7325 Miller Loop, Main Post, Fort Benning Military Reservation, Chattahoochee County, GA

  6. Registration of five soybean germplasm lines selected within the cultivar ‘Benning’ differing in seed and agronomic traits

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Five soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] germplasm lines were developed by the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations and released in 2005: G95-Ben335 (Reg. No. GP-332, PI 644042), G95-Ben1818 (Reg. No. GP-333, PI 644043), G95-Ben2403 (Reg. No. GP-334, PI 644044), G95-Ben2448 (Reg. No. GP-335, PI 644...

  7. The transport of drug in fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivancevic, Vladimir

    2016-07-01

    The topic of the review article [1] is the derivation of a multiscale paradigm for the modeling of fibrosis. Firstly, the biological process of the physiological and pathological fibrosis including therapeutical actions is reviewed. Fibrosis can be a consequence of tissue damage, infections and autoimmune diseases, foreign material, tumors. Some questions regarding the pathogenesis, progression and possible regression of fibrosis are lacking. At each scale of observation, different theoretical tools coming from computational, mathematical and physical biology have been proposed. However a complete framework that takes into account the different mechanisms occurring at different scales is still missing. Therefore with the main aim to define a multiscale approach for the modeling of fibrosis, the authors of [1] have presented different top-down and bottom-up approaches that have been developed in the literature. Specifically, their description refers to models for fibrosis diseases based on ordinary and partial differential equation, agents [2], thermostatted kinetic theory [3-5], coarse-grained structures [6-8] and constitutive laws for fibrous collagen networks [9]. A critical analysis has been addressed for all frameworks discussed in the paper. Open problems and future research directions referring to both biological and modeling insight of fibrosis are presented. The paper concludes with the ambitious aim of a multiscale model.

  8. Validation of multi-scale models for fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by M. Ben Amar and C. Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eftimie, Raluca

    2016-07-01

    Over the last few decades, medical research has started to emphasise the need for an integrative approach that could unravel the progression of various diseases across different spatial and temporal scales, and the links between the different phases of disease progression [2,6]. Among these diseases, the fibroproliferative disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality by affecting tissues and organ systems [11], and thus investigating and understanding the common mechanisms behind fibrogenesis might lead to the development of new therapies [6,9].

  9. Control and optimization in the modeling of fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sivasundaram, Seenith

    2016-07-01

    The review paper [1] is devoted to the survey of different structures that have been developed for the modeling and analysis of various types of fibrosis. Biomathematics, bioinformatics, biomechanics and biophysics modeling have been treated by means of a brief description of the different models developed. The review is impressive and clearly written, addressed to a reader interested not only in the theoretical modeling but also in the biological description. The models have been described without recurring to technical statements or mathematical equations thus allowing the non-specialist reader to understand what framework is more suitable at a certain observation scale. The review [1] concludes with the possibility to develop a multiscale approach considering also the definition of a therapeutical strategy for pathological fibrosis. In particular the control and optimization of therapeutics action is an important issue and this article aims at commenting on this topic.

  10. Lower Mississippi River Environmental Program. Report 12. An Ecological Investigation of the Baleshed Landing-Ben Lomond and Ajax Bar Dike Systems in the Lower Mississippi River, River Miles 481 to 494 AHP

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    fish density were extracted from 0echograms using a digitizing tablet connected to a microcomputer. Targets were electronically marked, indicating...Numerically, over 73 percent of the catch was comprised of emerald shiners, threadfin shad, gizzard shad, and river shiners. By weight, the catch was...Nearly three-fourths of the 3,222 fish captured was made up of gizzard shad, threadfin shad, emerald shiner, river shiner, and silverband shiner. Four

  11. Asymptotic methods as multiscale methods for fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dogbe, Christian

    2016-07-01

    The definition of multiscale models for biological system is the new challenge of the last and this century. In particular the construction of methods which allow to link the dynamics described at mesoscopic scale with the dynamics at macroscopic scale has been performed in the last century in the kinetic theory of gas [1-5] and it is of great interest also in this century for what concern the applications [6-9]. The most famous method for deriving the macroscopic description from kinetic equation is based on the definition of the parabolic/diffusive and hyperbolic scalings and subsequently on the so-called small Knudsen number (proportional to the mean free path) limit.

  12. Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools. Q&A with Ben Clarke Ph.D and Paul Riccomini, Ph.D. REL Mid-Atlantic Event

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Ben; Riccomini, Paul

    2013-01-01

    This REL Mid-Atlantic Event focused on effective strategies for screening, instruction, and differentiation of instruction as part of math RtI implementation. The Q&A presented in this document address the questions participants had for Dr. Clarke and Dr. Riccomini following the event. Dr. Clarke's and Dr. Riccomini's PowerPoint presentations…

  13. Creating a multi-gas proxy for Delta 14C and atmospheric fossil fuel-CO2. Kevin Coakley, John Miller , Scott Lehman, Stephen Montzka, Colm Sweeney, Arlyn Andrews , Ben Miller

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coakley, K. J.; Miller, J. B.; Lehman, S.; Montzka, S. A.; Andrews, A. E.; Miller, B. R.

    2013-12-01

    The C14:C12 ratio of atmospheric CO2 (expressed as Delta 14C) is the gold standard measurement to derive the portion of observed atmospheric CO2 gradients resulting from combustion of fossil fuels (CO2-ff). This is because fossil fuels are devoid of 14C, unlike all other sources and sinks that impact atmospheric Delta14C. With enough 14C measurements, independent, 'top-down', estimation of US fossil fuel-CO2 emissions should be possible. However, our ability to make carbon-14 measurements is severely constrained by cost, accessibility to accelerator mass spectrometers (AMS) and the volume of air required to make high precision (~0.2 %) measurements of 14CO2 (mixing ratio is ~ 4e-16 mol/mol). Thus, Delta 14C is currently measured in only a small subset of NOAA/ESRL Global Monitoring Division (GMD) tall-tower and aircraft air samples. Here, we present a Projection Pursuit Regression (PPR) model to predict CO2-ff measured at different times and altitudes in terms of surrogate gases that are more widespread and relatively inexpensive to measure. This method would, in effect, allow expansion of Delta 14C measurements by factor of ~3 or 4 throughout North America. To create a proxy for CO2-ff, we take advantage of the observed correlations between (Delta 14C-derrived) CO2-ff and regional-scale enhancements of a wide array of anthropogenic gases, like CO, SF6, and halo- and hydro-carbons. We select the complexity and form of the PPR model by cross validation where validation data prediction error is minimized. In cross validation, the prediction model is based on the training data and not the validation data. We quantify prediction model performance with test data excluded from the model development process. According to cross validation, the PPR model is superior to a simpler linear model. Comparison with test CO2-ff data shows that CO2-ff can be predicted with a root mean square error of 1.1 ppm, only slightly higher than the Delta 14C-precision limit for CO2-ff of 1 ppm. Applying the PPR model to the large NOAA/ESRL/GMD database of surrogate gases, we can create a large set of synthetic CO2-ff data for the US. Finally, we will discuss the application of this large data set of lower-precision CO2-ff to top down determination of US fossil fuel CO2 emissions by presenting results from an Observation System Simulation Experiment (OSSE).

  14. Multiscale modeling of fibrosis - What's next? Reply to Comments on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspective" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ben Amar, Martine; Bianca, Carlo

    2016-07-01

    Following the commentary articles on the review [1], this reply aims at providing further issues on the possibility to develop a multiscale approach for the modeling of physiological and pathological fibrosis. Specifically this manuscript is devoted to the capability to employ new theoretical frameworks of the biomathematics, biophysics and bioinformatics for the derivation of a specific multiscale model including the possibility to validate the related model with experimental and empirical data. In particular comments on the mathematical control, frameworks with fractional-order, time delay, asymptotic methods, transport of drugs open the door to future investigations.

  15. Cells distribution in the modeling of fibrosis. Comment on "Towards a unified approach in the modeling of fibrosis: A review with research perspectives" by Martine Ben Amar and Carlo Bianca

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel-Aty, Mahmoud

    2016-07-01

    The modeling of a complex system requires the analysis of all microscopic constituents and in particular of their interactions [1]. The interest in this research field has increased considering also recent developments in the information sciences. However interaction among scholars working in various fields of the applied sciences can be considered the true motor for the definition of a general framework for the analysis of complex systems. In particular biological systems constitute the platform where many scientists have decided to collaborate in order to gain a global description of the system. Among others, cancer-immune system competition (see [2] and the review papers [3,4]) has attracted much attention.

  16. 78 FR 6109 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-29

    ... Additional Information: Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional information about the President's... conference call line, or sent in advance to partnerships@hhs.gov . Dated: January 23, 2013. Ben...

  17. 77 FR 60123 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-02

    ... contact Ben O'Dell for any additional information about the President's Advisory Council meeting at... to partnerships@hhs.gov . Dated: September 26, 2012. Ben O'Dell, Designated Federal Officer...

  18. 78 FR 17210 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-20

    ...: Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional information about the President's Advisory Council meeting... sent in advance to partnerships@hhs.gov . Dated: March 14, 2013. Ben O'Dell, Associate Director...

  19. 78 FR 18594 - Notice of Cancelation for Call of the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-27

    ... has been cancelled. Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional information about the President's Advisory Council meeting at partnerships@hhs.gov . ] Dated: March 21, 2013. Ben O'Dell, Associate...

  20. BOILER, LOCATED IN BACK ROOM OF OYSTER SHUCKING BUILDING. STEAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BOILER, LOCATED IN BACK ROOM OF OYSTER SHUCKING BUILDING. STEAM WAS USED IN OYSTER PROCESSING, FOR EXAMPLE IN STERILIZING EQUIPMENT. - F. & H. Benning Company, 1014 Benning Road, Galesville, Anne Arundel County, MD

  1. Currants

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Descriptions of four newly released black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars are presented. Three of the cultivars are from Scotland: Ben Dorain, Ben Avon, and Big Ben. The fourth, Cancanska Crna, is from Yugoslavia . Each of these black currants have high vitamin C and other antioxidant compounds....

  2. 77 FR 68780 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ... extremely limited. Photo ID and RSVP are required to attend the event. Please RSVP to Ben O'Dell at... practices. Contact Person for Additional Information: Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional... sent in advance to partnerships@hhs.gov . Dated: November 9, 2012. Ben O'Dell, Designated...

  3. 78 FR 17676 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ... extremely limited. Photo ID and RSVP are required to attend the event. Please RSVP to Ben O'Dell at... Additional Information: Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional information about the President's... partnerships@hhs.gov . Dated: March 19, 2013. Ben O'Dell, Designated Federal Officer and Associate...

  4. 77 FR 41984 - Meeting Notice for the President's Advisory Council on Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-17

    ... extremely limited. Photo ID and RSVP are required to attend the event. Please RSVP to Ben O'Dell at..., and practices. Contact Person for Additional Information: Please contact Ben O'Dell for any additional....gov . Dated: July 12, 2012. Ben O'Dell, Designated Federal Officer and Associate Director, HHS...

  5. Removal of rhodamine B using iron-pillared bentonite.

    PubMed

    Hou, Mei-Fang; Ma, Cai-Xia; Zhang, Wei-De; Tang, Xiao-Yan; Fan, Yan-Ning; Wan, Hong-Fu

    2011-02-28

    The iron-pillared bentonite (Fe-Ben) was prepared by ion-exchange using the natural bentonite (GZ-Ben) from Gaozhou, China, at room temperature without calcination. Both Fe-Ben and GZ-Ben were characterized by X-ray diffraction, N(2) adsorption and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results show that the d(001) value and surface area of the bentonite material increased after iron pillaring. Fe-Ben adsorbed much more Rhodamine B (RhB) than GZ-Ben, which can be ascribed to the special surface properties and large surface area of Fe-Ben. The optimum pH value for the adsorption of RhB on Fe-Ben is 5.0. The adsorption of RhB onto Fe-Ben can be well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the intraparticle diffusion kinetic model. The adsorption isotherm of RhB onto Fe-Ben matches well with the Langmuir model.

  6. Cross-resistance and synergy with bendamustine in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

    PubMed

    Kost, Sara E F; Bouchard, Eric D J; LaBossière, Élise; Ye, Xibiao; Queau, Michelle L; Liang, William S; Banerji, Versha; Gibson, Spencer B; Katyal, Sachin; Johnston, James B

    2016-11-01

    Bendamustine (BEN) has structural similarities to an alkylating agent and a nucleoside analog, and effective against tumor cells that are resistant to standard therapy. In this study we compared the activities of BEN against that of the alkylating agent, chlorambucil (CLB), and the nucleoside analogs, fludarabine (FLU) and deoxyadenosine/pentostatin (dADO/PEN), in primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells in vitro. Cross-resistance was observed between BEN, CLB and FLU, with previously treated patients or those with a deletion 17p being most resistant. In contrast, some resistant CLL cells retained moderate sensitivity to dADO/PEN. Like FLU and CLB, BEN induced apoptosis through both the mitochondrial and death receptor pathways. There was a greater increase in DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) following FLU, as compared to BEN and CLB. Synergistic cytotoxicity was seen on combining BEN or CLB with FLU or dADO/PEN, but not when combining BEN with CLB. These results demonstrate that BEN acts as an alkylating agent, demonstrates cross-resistance to CLB and FLU and resistance to cells with a del 17p. Synergistic cytotoxic activity was seen between BEN and dADO/PEN suggesting that the combination of BEN and PEN should be evaluated in the clinic.

  7. MicroRNA Profiling in Patients with Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Associated with Balkan Endemic Nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Popovska-Jankovic, Katerina; Noveski, Predrag; Jankovic-Velickovic, Ljubinka; Stojnev, Slavica; Cukuranovic, Rade; Stefanovic, Vladisav; Toncheva, Draga; Staneva, Rada; Polenakovic, Momir; Plaseska-Karanfilska, Dijana

    2016-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a disease that affects people that live in the alluvial plains along the tributaries of the Danube River in the Balkan region. BEN is a chronic tubulointerstitial disease with a slow progression to terminal renal failure and has strong association with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). There are several hypotheses about the etiology of BEN, but only the toxic effect of aristolochic acid has been confirmed as a risk factor in the occurrence of the disease. Aberrantly expressed miRNAs have been shown to be associated with many types of cancers. A number of studies have investigated the expression of microRNAs in urothelial carcinoma, mainly on urothelial bladder cancer, and only a few have included patients with UTUC. Here we present the first study of microRNA profiling in UTUC tissues from patients with BEN (BEN-UTUC) and patients with UTUC from nonendemic Balkan regions (non-BEN-UTUC) in comparison to normal kidney tissues. We found 10 miRNAs that were differentially expressed in patients with BEN-UTUC and 15 miRNAs in patients with non-BEN-UTUC. miRNA signature determined in BEN-UTUC patients differs from the non-BEN-UTUC patients; only miR-205-5p was mutual in both groups. PMID:27218105

  8. Resting State Brain Entropy Alterations in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Fuqing; Zhuang, Ying; Gong, Honghan; Zhan, Jie; Grossman, Murray; Wang, Ze

    2016-01-01

    Brain entropy (BEN) mapping provides a novel approach to characterize brain temporal dynamics, a key feature of human brain. Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI), reliable and spatially distributed BEN patterns have been identified in normal brain, suggesting a potential use in clinical populations since temporal brain dynamics and entropy may be altered in disease conditions. The purpose of this study was to characterize BEN in multiple sclerosis (MS), a neurodegenerative disease that affects millions of people. Since currently there is no cure for MS, developing treatment or medication that can slow down its progression represents a high research priority, for which validating a brain marker sensitive to disease and the related functional impairments is essential. Because MS can start long time before any measurable symptoms and structural deficits, assessing the dynamic brain activity and correspondingly BEN may provide a critical way to study MS and its progression. Because BEN is new to MS, we aimed to assess BEN alterations in the relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients using a patient versus control design, to examine the correlation of BEN to clinical measurements, and to check the correlation of BEN to structural brain measures which have been more often used in MS studies. As compared to controls, RRMS patients showed increased BEN in motor areas, executive control area, spatial coordinating area, and memory system. Increased BEN was related to greater disease severity as measured by the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and greater tissue damage as indicated by the mean diffusivity. Patients also showed decreased BEN in other places, which was associated with less disability or fatigue, indicating a disease-related BEN re-distribution. Our results suggest BEN as a novel and useful tool for characterizing RRMS. PMID:26727514

  9. Bush v. Bin Laden: Effect of State Emotion on Perceived Threat is Mediated by Emotion Towards the Threat Agent (Bush vs. Ben Laden: l’Effet de l’Emotion etat sur la Menace Percue est Mediatisees par l’Emotion vis-a-vis de l’Agent Menacant)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    1985) and action (Frijda, Kuipers, & ter Schure , 1989) appraisals, but that they also give rise to distinct appraisals that form an important part... Edwards , 1993; Lerner & Keltner, 2000; Mandel, 2003; Tiedens & Linton, 2001) . According to this view, the appraisal tendencies generated by...atti- tudes toward technological risks and benefits. Policy Sciences, 9, 127-152. Frijda, N. H., Kuipers, P., & ter Schure , E. (1989). Relations

  10. How Deployments Affect the Capacity and Utilization of Army Treatment Facilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    Wainwright JBLM Fort Irwin Fort Campbell Fort Stewart Fort Bragg Fort Benning Fort Polk Fort Knox Fort Riley Fort Hood Fort Bliss Fort Carson Fort Shafter...such as those in training (the latter appear to be quite numerous at posts such as Fort Benning, Fort Carson , and Fort Riley). The figure indicates...Year 2007 2008 2009 5 Wainright Forts: 32 Carson 48 Benning 49 Stewart 52 Shaer 57 Riley 60 Campbell 61 Knox 64 Polk 89 Bragg

  11. Antagonism of Taxol Cytotoxicity by Prolactin: Implication for Patient Resistance to Chemotherapy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    Reportable Outcomes Publications 1. LaPensee C, Hugo E, Ben-Jonathan N. Insulin stimulates interleukin-6 expression and release in LS14 human adipocytes ...Ben-Jonathan N. Regulation of prolactin expression and release in human adipocytes by insulin and catecholamines. Endo 2008, San Francisco, CA (abs...Prolactin: Implication for Patient Resistance to Chemotherapy PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Nira Ben-Johnathan, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION

  12. Common Polymorphisms in GSTA1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 Are Associated with Susceptibility to Urinary Bladder Cancer in Individuals from Balkan Endemic Nephropathy Areas of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Matic, Marija; Dragicevic, Biljana; Pekmezovic, Tatjana; Suvakov, Sonja; Savic-Radojevic, Ana; Pljesa-Ercegovac, Marija; Dragicevic, Dejan; Smiljic, Jelena; Simic, Tatjana

    2016-09-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic familial form of interstitial nephritis that might eventually lead to end stage renal disease. This nephropathy affects individuals living along of the Danube River and its tributaries in Serbia, Bosnia, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania. The increased incidence of urinary tract tumors in the BEN areas is well described, but its specific genetic predisposition is still unclear. Certain nephrocarcinogenic compounds, including those associated with BEN, are metabolized by glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily of phase II detoxication enzymes. Importantly, the GST-mediated detoxification may result in formation of more toxic compounds. We examined the association of common GST polymorphisms and bladder cancer (BC) risk in individuals from BEN areas in Serbia. A hospital-based case-control study included 201 BC cases (67 from BEN region) and 122 controls. Each polymorphism was identified by a PCR-based method. Individuals from BEN region with low-expression GSTA1 genotype (AB+BB) exhibited a 2.6-fold higher BC risk compared to those with GSTA1 (AA) genotype who were from non-BEN region (OR = 2.60, p = 0.015). In contrast, carriers of GSTM1-active genotype from BEN region had a 2.9-fold increased BC risk compared to those with GSTM1-active genotype from non-BEN region (OR = 2.90, p = 0.010). Likewise, carriers with GSTT1-active genotype from BEN region exhibited 2.1-fold higher BC risk compared to those from non-BEN region with GSTT1-active genotype (OR = 2.10, p = 0.027). Thus, common polymorphisms in GSTA1, GSTM1 and GSTT1 are associated with susceptibility to BC in individuals from BEN areas of Serbia.

  13. Regional Blood-Brain Barrier Responses to Central Cholinergic Activity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-07-30

    regions were of particular interest because they show the largest decreases in glucose metabolism following limbic seizures ( Ben - Ari et al., 1981). It is...following seizures ( Ben - Ari et. al., 1981). The piriform cortex-amygdala also appears to be a generator of epileptiform activity in a variety of seizure...produced by PTZ. Such studies are ongoing and the results will be given in subsequent reports. 11 REFERENCES Ben - Ari , Y., D. Richie, E. Tremblay and G

  14. BetaS-haplotypes in sickle cell anemia patients from Salvador, Bahia, Northeastern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Gonçalves, M S; Bomfim, G C; Maciel, E; Cerqueira, I; Lyra, I; Zanette, A; Bomfim, G; Adorno, E V; Albuquerque, A L; Pontes, A; Dupuit, M F; Fernandes, G B; dos Reis, M G

    2003-10-01

    BetaS-Globin haplotypes were studied in 80 (160 betaS chromosomes) sickle cell disease patients from Salvador, Brazil, a city with a large population of African origin resulting from the slave trade from Western Africa, mainly from the Bay of Benin. Hematological and hemoglobin analyses were carried out by standard methods. The betaS-haplotypes were determined by PCR and dot-blot techniques. A total of 77 (48.1%) chromosomes were characterized as Central African Republic (CAR) haplotype, 73 (45.6%) as Benin (BEN), 1 (0.63%) as Senegal (SEN), and 9 (5.63%) as atypical (Atp). Genotype was CAR/CAR in 17 (21.3%) patients, BEN/BEN in 17 (21.3%), CAR/BEN in 37 (46.3%), BEN/SEN in 1 (1.25%), BEN/Atp in 1 (1.25%), CAR/Atp in 6 (7.5%), and Atp/Atp in 1 (1.25%). Hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrit values did not differ among genotype groups but were significantly higher in 25 patients presenting percent fetal hemoglobin (%HbF) > or = 10% (P = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). The median HbF concentration was 7.54+/-4.342% for the CAR/CAR genotype, 9.88 3.558% for the BEN/BEN genotype, 8.146 4.631% for the CAR/BEN genotype, and 4.180+/-2.250% for the CAR/Atp genotype (P = 0.02), although 1 CAR/CAR individual presented an HbF concentration as high as 15%. In view of the ethnic and geographical origin of this population, we did not expect a Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for CAR/CAR and BEN/BEN homozygous haplotypes and a high proportion of heterozygous CAR/BEN haplotypes since the State of Bahia historically received more slaves from Western Africa than from Central Africa.

  15. Suitability of Soybean Meal from Insect-Resistant Soybeans for Broiler Chickens.

    PubMed

    Ortega, María A; Davis, Adam J; Boerma, H Roger; Parrott, Wayne A

    2016-03-23

    Benning(M) and Benning(MGH) are near-isogenic lines (NILs) of the soybean cultivar Benning, which contain insect-resistance quantitative trait loci (QTLs) from the soybean accession PI 229358. Benning(M) contains QTL-M, which confers antibiosis and antixenosis. In addition to QTL-M, Benning(MGH) contains QTL-G, which confers antibiosis, and QTL-H, which confers antixenosis. Soybean meal was produced from Benning and the NILs. Nutritional composition, digestible amino acid content, and nitrogen-corrected true metabolizable energy (TMEN) were equivalent among soybean meals. A 21-day broiler feeding trial was carried out to determine if the QTLs affect soybean meal quality. Weight gain and feed-to-gain ratio were evaluated. No biologically significant differences were detected for broilers fed Benning, Benning(M), and Benning(MGH). This demonstrates that soybean meal produced from the insect-resistant NILs is equivalent to soybean meal produced from their non-insect-resistant parent cultivar for broiler weight gain.

  16. College? No Thanks, Mom and Dad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruark, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Robin Wagner, director of the library at Gettysburg College, remembers a few years ago when her son, Ben, was a high-school senior. While all his friends were talking about their college plans, Ben, who had been accepted to the University of Pittsburgh's engineering program, refused to return the offer card. On the band-room whiteboard where kids…

  17. Correlates of the MMPI-2-RF in a College Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbey, Johnathan D.; Lee, Tayla T. C.; Handel, Richard W.

    2010-01-01

    The current study examined empirical correlates of scores on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; A. Tellegen & Y. S. Ben-Porath, 2008; Y. S. Ben-Porath & A. Tellegen, 2008) scales in a college setting. The MMPI-2-RF and six criterion measures (assessing anger, assertiveness, sex roles, cognitive…

  18. Correlates of the MMPI-2-RF in a College Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbey, Johnathan D.; Lee, Tayla T. C.; Handel, Richard W.

    2010-01-01

    The current study examined empirical correlates of scores on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; A. Tellegen & Y. S. Ben-Porath, 2008; Y. S. Ben-Porath & A. Tellegen, 2008) scales in a college setting. The MMPI-2-RF and six criterion measures (assessing anger, assertiveness, sex roles, cognitive…

  19. INTERIOR VIEW WITH GRINDING MILL AND CONVEYOR EXTENDING UP TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW WITH GRINDING MILL AND CONVEYOR EXTENDING UP TO SORTING DRUM. DRIVE ENGINE AT LOWER LEFT. RADIATOR FOR ENGINE AT RIGHT. - F. & H. Benning Company Oyster Mill, 14430 Solomons Island Road (moved from 1014 Benning Road, Galesville, Anne Arundel County, Maryland), Solomons, Calvert County, MD

  20. VIEW ALONG RAW MATERIAL CONVEYOR AT RIGHT WITH CRUSHED SHELL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW ALONG RAW MATERIAL CONVEYOR AT RIGHT WITH CRUSHED SHELL CONVEYOR ABOVE. ENGINE AND RADIATOR AT LOWER LEFT. - F. & H. Benning Company Oyster Mill, 14430 Solomons Island Road (moved from 1014 Benning Road, Galesville, Anne Arundel County, Maryland), Solomons, Calvert County, MD

  1. List 47: currants

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    This summary presents the descriptions of two newly released black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) for the List of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars. These black currant cultivars were just released and now hold US plant patents. The cultivars are 'Ben Chaska' and 'Ben Como'. These black currants have quality f...

  2. College? No Thanks, Mom and Dad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruark, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Robin Wagner, director of the library at Gettysburg College, remembers a few years ago when her son, Ben, was a high-school senior. While all his friends were talking about their college plans, Ben, who had been accepted to the University of Pittsburgh's engineering program, refused to return the offer card. On the band-room whiteboard where kids…

  3. NASA visit

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-07-30

    NASA Associate Administrator for Education Leland Melvin speaks with 7-year-old Ben at the beginning of a presentation to Mississippi 4-H students at John C. Stennis Space Center on July 30, 2012. Melvin predicted Ben could be a future astronaut, urging students to discover and prepare to make their dreams into reality as well.

  4. Isolates of 'Candidatus Nostocoida limicola' Blackall et al. 2000 should be described as three novel species of the genus Tetrasphaera, as Tetrasphaera jenkinsii sp. nov., Tetrasphaera vanveenii sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera veronensis sp. nov.

    PubMed

    McKenzie, C M; Seviour, E M; Schumann, P; Maszenan, A M; Liu, J-R; Webb, R I; Monis, P; Saint, C P; Steiner, U; Seviour, R J

    2006-10-01

    Despite differences in their morphologies, comparative analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed high levels of similarity (>94 %) between strains of the filamentous bacterium 'Candidatus Nostocoida limicola' and the cocci Tetrasphaera australiensis and Tetrasphaera japonica and the rod Tetrasphaera elongata, all isolated from activated sludge. These sequence data and their chemotaxonomic characters, including cell wall, menaquinone and lipid compositions and fingerprints of their 16S-23S rRNA intergenic regions, support the proposition that these isolates should be combined into a single genus containing six species, in the family Intrasporangiaceae in the Actinobacteria. This suggestion receives additional support from DNA-DNA hybridization data and when partial sequences of the rpoC1 gene are compared between these strains. Even though few phenotypic characterization data were obtained for these slowly growing isolates, it is proposed, on the basis of the extensive chemotaxonomic and molecular evidence presented here, that 'Candidatus N. limicola' strains Ben 17, Ben 18, Ben 67, Ben 68 and Ben 74 all be placed into the species Tetrasphaera jenkinsii sp. nov. (type strain Ben 74(T)=DSM 17519(T)=NCIMB 14128(T)), 'Candidatus N. limicola' strain Ben 70 into Tetrasphaera vanveenii sp. nov. (type strain Ben 70(T)=DSM 17518(T)=NCIMB 14127(T)) and 'Candidatus N. limicola' strains Ver 1 and Ver 2 into Tetrasphaera veronensis sp. nov. (type strain Ver 1(T)=DSM 17520(T)=NCIMB 14129(T)).

  5. Hyper-resting brain entropy within chronic smokers and its moderation by Sex

    PubMed Central

    Li, Zhengjun; Fang, Zhuo; Hager, Nathan; Rao, Hengyi; Wang, Ze

    2016-01-01

    Cigarette smoking is a chronic relapsing brain disorder, and remains a premier cause of morbidity and mortality. Functional neuroimaging has been used to assess differences in the mean strength of brain activity in smokers’ brains, however less is known about the temporal dynamics within smokers’ brains. Temporal dynamics is a key feature of a dynamic system such as the brain, and may carry information critical to understanding the brain mechanisms underlying cigarette smoking. We measured the temporal dynamics of brain activity using brain entropy (BEN) mapping and compared BEN between chronic non-deprived smokers and non-smoking controls. Because of the known sex differences in neural and behavioral smoking characteristics, comparisons were also made between males and females. Associations between BEN and smoking related clinical measures were assessed in smokers. Our data showed globally higher BEN in chronic smokers compared to controls. The escalated BEN was associated with more years of smoking in the right limbic area and frontal region. Female nonsmokers showed higher BEN than male nonsmokers in prefrontal cortex, insula, and precuneus, but the BEN sex difference in smokers was less pronounced. These findings suggest that BEN mapping may provide a useful tool for probing brain mechanisms related to smoking. PMID:27377552

  6. Comparative (1)H NMR metabolomic urinalysis of people diagnosed with Balkan endemic nephropathy, and healthy subjects, in Romania and Bulgaria: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Mantle, Peter; Modalca, Mirela; Nicholls, Andrew; Tatu, Calin; Tatu, Diana; Toncheva, Draga

    2011-07-01

    (1)H NMR spectroscopy of urine has been applied to exploring metabolomic differences between people diagnosed with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), and treated by haemodialysis, and those without overt renal disease in Romania and Bulgaria. Convenience sampling was made from patients receiving haemodialysis in hospital and healthy controls in their village. Principal component analysis clustered healthy controls from both countries together. Bulgarian BEN patients clustered separately from controls, though in the same space. However, Romanian BEN patients not only also clustered away from controls but also clustered separately from the BEN patients in Bulgaria. Notably, the urinary metabolomic data of two people sampled as Romanian controls clustered within the Romanian BEN group. One of these had been suspected of incipient symptoms of BEN at the time of selection as a 'healthy' control. This implies, at first sight, that metabolomic analysis can be predictive of impending morbidity before conventional criteria can diagnose BEN. Separate clustering of BEN patients from Romania and Bulgaria could indicate difference in aetiology of this particular silent renal atrophy in different geographic foci across the Balkans.

  7. Induced Pictorial Representations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-30

    cognitive origins of graphic conventions. In G. Ben Shakhar and A. Lieblich (Editors), Studies in psychology: In honor of S. Kugelmass. Jerusalem: Magnes...cognitive origins of graphic conventions. In G. Ben Shakhar and A. Lieblich (Editors), Studies in psychology: In honor of S. Kugelmass. Jerusalem

  8. The role of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase and organic substances from coal in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: a new hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Pavlovic, Nikola M; Orem, William H; Tatu, Calin A; Lerch, Harry E; Bunnell, Joseph E; Feder, Gerald L; Kostic, Emina N; Ordodi, Valentin L

    2008-03-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) occurs in Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia. BEN has been characterized as a chronic, slowly progressive renal disease of unknown etiology. In this study, we examined the influence of soluble organic compounds in drinking water leached from Pliocene lignite from BEN-endemic areas on plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity. We found that changes for all samples were the most prominent for the dilution category containing 90% plasma and 10% of diluting media. Water samples from BEN villages from Serbia and Romania showed higher LCAT inhibiting activity (p=0.02) and (p=0.003), respectively, compared to deionised water and non-endemic water. A secondary LCAT deficiency could result from this inhibitory effect of the organic compounds found in endemic water supplies and provide an ethiopathogenic basis for the development of BEN in the susceptible population.

  9. The role of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase and organic substances from coal in the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: A new hypothesis

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pavlovic, N.M.; Orem, W.H.; Tatu, C.A.; Lerch, H.E.; Bunnell, J.E.; Feder, G.L.; Kostic, E.N.; Ordodi, V.L.

    2008-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) occurs in Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia. BEN has been characterized as a chronic, slowly progressive renal disease of unknown etiology. In this study, we examined the influence of soluble organic compounds in drinking water leached from Pliocene lignite from BEN-endemic areas on plasma lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity. We found that changes for all samples were the most prominent for the dilution category containing 90% plasma and 10% of diluting media. Water samples from BEN villages from Serbia and Romania showed higher LCAT inhibiting activity (p = 0.02) and (p = 0.003), respectively, compared to deionised water and non-endemic water. A secondary LCAT deficiency could result from this inhibitory effect of the organic compounds found in endemic water supplies and provide an ethiopathogenic basis for the development of BEN in the susceptible population. ?? 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Balkan endemic nephropathy: an update on its aetiology.

    PubMed

    Stiborová, Marie; Arlt, Volker M; Schmeiser, Heinz H

    2016-11-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a unique, chronic renal disease frequently associated with upper urothelial cancer (UUC). It only affects residents of specific farming villages located along tributaries of the Danube River in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania where it is estimated that ~100,000 individuals are at risk of BEN, while ~25,000 have the disease. This review summarises current findings on the aetiology of BEN. Over the last 50 years, several hypotheses on the cause of BEN have been formulated, including mycotoxins, heavy metals, viruses, and trace-element insufficiencies. However, recent molecular epidemiological studies provide a strong case that chronic dietary exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) a principal component of Aristolochia clematitis which grows as a weed in the wheat fields of the endemic regions is the cause of BEN and associated UUC. One of the still enigmatic features of BEN that need to be resolved is why the prevalence of BEN is only 3-7 %. This suggests that individual genetic susceptibilities to AA exist in humans. In fact dietary ingestion of AA along with individual genetic susceptibility provides a scenario that plausibly can explain all the peculiarities of BEN such as geographical distribution and high risk of urothelial cancer. For the countries harbouring BEN implementing public health measures to avoid AA exposure is of the utmost importance because this seems to be the best way to eradicate this once mysterious disease to which the residents of BEN villages have been completely and utterly at mercy for so long.

  11. Glomerular filtration rate in examined population of Bosnian Posavina - region of Balkan Endemic Nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Alecković, Mirna; Mesić, Enisa; Trnacević, Senaid; Stipancić, Zelimir; Hamidović, Damir; Hasanović, Evlijana

    2010-04-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is chronic tubulointersticial nephritis of unknown aetiology characterized by an insidious onset and gradual progression to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Endemic regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Posavina and Semberija, sited at basin of Sava River. In BEN, just like in other chronic renal diseases (CKD), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), is assumed a marker of overall renal function. The aim of this study was to compare GFR in examinees of endemic and non-endemic region for BEN, and between examinees with and without risk factors for BEN within endemic region. Study included 603 inhabitants of Bosnian Posavina, out of whom 386 (65%) from endemic (Domaljevac) and 217 (36%) from non-endemic (Svilaj) village, and it was performed in two phases. The first phase encompassed obtaining anamnestic data (demographic, personal and family history), measurement of arterial blood pressure, and urine dipstick testing (specific gravity, pH, proteins, leukocytes, glucose, ketones, and microalbuminuria). In the second phase, besides repeated urine dipstick test, laboratory blood testing and abdominal ultrasound, with special attention to urinary tract, was also performed. We have compared GFR between examinees of endemic and non-endemic regions for BEN, and between examinees with and without family burden for BEN within endemic region, using MDRD formula for calculating GFR, with cut-off value (5th percentile) based on result of studies performed in European Caucasians in screening for CKD and for establishing stages of CKD in BEN. Medical was used for statistical testing. Out of total number of examined inhabitants (603), 145 examinees were included in the second phase. After exclusion of 17 diabetic patients, 94 (73%) examinees from endemic and 34 (27%) examinees from non-endemic region remained. In the endemic region there were 46 (49%) examinees with and 48 (51%) without family burden for BEN. Overall GFR in examined groups was within

  12. A possible link between Balkan endemic nephropathy and the leaching of toxic organic compounds from Pliocene lignite by groundwater: Preliminary investigation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Orem, W.H.; Feder, G.L.; Finkelman, R.B.

    1999-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a fatal kidney disease that is known to occur only in clusters of villages in alluvial valleys of tributaries of the Danube River in Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia, Bosnia, and Croatia. The confinement of this disease to a specific geographic area has led to speculation that an environmental factor may be involved in the etiology of BEN. Numerous environmental factors have been suggested as causative agents for producing BEN, including toxic metals in drinking water, metal deficiency in soils of BEN areas, and environmental mycotoxins to name a few. These hypotheses have either been disproved or have failed to conclusively demonstrate a connection to the etiology of BEN, or the clustering of BEN villages. In previous work, we observed a distinct geographic relationship between the distribution of Pliocene lignites in the Balkans and BEN villages. We hypothesized that the long-term consumption of well water containing toxic organic compounds derived from the leaching of nearby Pliocene lignites by groundwater was a primary factor in the etiology of BEN. In our current work, chemical analysis using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13CNMR) spectroscopy indicated a high degree of organic functionality in Pliocene lignite from the Balkans, and suggested that groundwater can readily leach organic matter from these coal beds. Semi-quantitative gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy analysis of solvent extracts of groundwater from shallow wells in BEN villages indicated the presence of potentially toxic aromatic compounds, such as napthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, and pyrene at concentrations in the ppb range. Laboratory leaching of Balkan Pliocene lignites with distilled water yielded soluble organic matter (> 500 MW) containing large amounts of aromatic structures similar to the simple/discrete aromatic compounds detected in well water from BEN villages. These preliminary results are permissive of our hypothesis and suggest that further

  13. Pyramids of QTLs enhance host-plant resistance and Bt-mediated resistance to leaf-chewing insects in soybean.

    PubMed

    Ortega, María A; All, John N; Boerma, H Roger; Parrott, Wayne A

    2016-04-01

    QTL-M and QTL-E enhance soybean resistance to insects. Pyramiding these QTLs with cry1Ac increases protection against Bt-tolerant pests, presenting an opportunity to effectively deploy Bt with host-plant resistance genes. Plant resistance to leaf-chewing insects minimizes the need for insecticide applications, reducing crop production costs and pesticide concerns. In soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], resistance to a broad range of leaf-chewing insects is found in PI 229358 and PI 227687. PI 229358's resistance is conferred by three quantitative trait loci (QTLs): M, G, and H. PI 227687's resistance is conferred by QTL-E. The letters indicate the soybean Linkage groups (LGs) on which the QTLs are located. This study aimed to determine if pyramiding PI 229358 and PI 227687 QTLs would enhance soybean resistance to leaf-chewing insects, and if pyramiding these QTLs with Bt (cry1Ac) enhances resistance against Bt-tolerant pests. The near-isogenic lines (NILs): Benning(ME), Benning(MGHE), and Benning(ME+cry1Ac) were developed. Benning(ME) and Benning(MGHE) were evaluated in detached-leaf and greenhouse assays with soybean looper [SBL, Chrysodeixis includens (Walker)], corn earworm [CEW, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)], fall armyworm [FAW, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)], and velvetbean caterpillar [VBC, Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner)]; and in field-cage assays with SBL. Benning(ME+cry1Ac) was tested in detached-leaf assays against SBL, VBC, and Southern armyworm [SAW, Spodoptera eridania (Cramer)]. In the detached-leaf assay, Benning(ME) showed the strongest antibiosis against CEW, FAW, and VBC. In field-cage conditions, Benning(ME) and Benning(MGHE) suffered 61 % less defoliation than Benning. Benning(ME+cry1Ac) was more resistant than Benning(ME) and Benning (cry1Ac) against SBL and SAW. Agriculturally relevant levels of resistance in soybean can be achieved with just two loci, QTL-M and QTL-E. ME+cry1Ac could present an opportunity to protect the durability of Bt

  14. An etiological approach to Balkan endemic nephropathy based on the investigation of two genetically different populations.

    PubMed

    Ceović, S; Hrabar, A; Radonić, M

    1985-01-01

    The direct inheritance as a possible etiologic factor of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) has been studied in an endemic area in the district of Slavonski Brod (Croatia-Yugoslavia). The basis for the investigation was given by a natural experiment induced by immigration of people from Ukraina to the endemic and nonendemic areas near Slavonski Brod. 1,536 persons in endemic villages and 733 inhabitants from the villages, where BEN has not been found, were studied with the aim of establishing diagnosis or excluding BEN. The generally adopted criteria enabling to classify the examined persons into the following 3 groups have been used: (a) diseased of BEN; (b) suspect to be diseased of BEN, and (c) individuals without signs of a renal disease. In the endemic villages among the population of Croatian aborigines, 12,1% diseased and suspects have been revealed. Among the Ukrainian immigrants and their offsprings, 10.5% diseased and suspects have been found. The difference is not significant (t = 0.7, p greater than 0.05). On the other hand, in nonendemic villages there were no diseased nor suspect BEN patients among the indigenous people as well as among the Ukrainians. The inference is suggested that the factors of the direct inheritance do not play a decisive role in the etiopathogenesis of BEN.

  15. Correlation Of Balkan Endemic Nephropathy With Fluorescent Organic Compounds In Shallow Groundwater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldberg, Marvin C.; Feder, Gerald L.; Radovanovic, Zoran

    1994-04-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a disease of intersitial nephropathy leading to end-stage renal failure. The disease occurs in persons living in villages on alluvial valleys of streams tributary to the Danube River in Rumania, Bulgaria and former Yugoslavia. The etiologic agent is not known, but a contaminant in shallow groundwater has become suspect. In this study, samples of drinking water from endemic and non-endemic village water supplies were analyzed by excitation/emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy. Spectra characteristic of groundwater from BEN households show elongated teardrop shapes in the fluorescence excitation/emission matrix. A sharp rise occurs in fluorescence emission between 380 and 400 nanometers (nm) and a trailing emission intensity from 400 to 550 nm. Spectra of groundwater samples from some BEN households have an additional excitation maxima at 300 nm, which further contributes to the emission intensity at 400 nm. Spectra of water samples from non-BEN households located in endemic villages show characteristics of BEN household waters, exhibiting the 250-nm excitation peak, even though the fluorophoric intensity is much less than that in samples from BEN household waters. Samples from non-endemic villages do not show the characteristic EEM spectra described as "teardrop shaped". The non-BEN households have lower concentrations of these fluorophores in the drinking water than the endemic households; hence, one of the factors in contracting the disease may be the concentration of these fluorescent materials in drinking water.

  16. Placental growth factor and placental protein 13 in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy, a worldwide disease.

    PubMed

    Stefanovic, Vladisav; Cukuranovic, Rade; Dolicanin, Zana; Cukuranovic, Jovana; Stojnev, Slavica; Bogdanovic, Dragan; Rajic, Milena; Kocic, Gordana

    2015-08-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial kidney disease occurring in people living in along the tributaries of the Danube River. The aim of the study was to determine serum level and urinary excretion of placental growth factor (PlGF) and placental protein 13 (PP13) in patients with BEN. Thirty patients with BEN from the South Morava River region of Serbia and 18 controls were studied. Age of patients was 74 yr (53-87) and 73 yr (66-83) in controls. In patients with BEN, serum creatinine was significantly higher than in controls (129.7 vs. 83.2 µmol/L, respectively), but GFR was lower in patients than in controls (40.7 vs. 54.6 mL/min). Serum PlGF was significantly higher in BEN patients than in controls (9.90 vs. 6.80 pg/mL), urinary excretion being significantly lower in patients (0.20 vs. 0.90 pg/mmol creat.). Serum PP13 was significantly lower in BEN patients (208.2 vs. 291.0 pg/mL). Urinary excretion of PP13 was also significantly lower in BEN patients than in controls (32.5 vs. 182.5 pg/mmol creat). In multivariate regression analysis BEN, sex and age were significant determinants of the observed changes in PlGF and PP13. Important changes of PlGF and PP13 in patients with BEN were demonstrated, where kidney disease, female sex, and the age have been significant determinants.

  17. Resolving solvophobic interactions inferred from experimental solvation free energies and evaluated from molecular simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnett, J. Wesley; Bhutta, Amna; Bierbrier, Sarah C.; da Silva Moura, Natalia; Ashbaugh, Henry S.

    2017-01-01

    Ben-Naim estimated the solvent-mediated interaction between methanes based on experimental solvation free energy differences between chemically similar hydrocarbons. Interactions were predicted to be strongest in water, dominated by characteristic entropic gains. We use molecular simulations in combination with an empirical interpolation procedure that bridges interactions from outside methane's excluded volume down to overlap to test Ben-Naim's estimates. While Ben-Naim's approach captures many distinctive trends, the alchemical differences between methane and a methyl unit play a non-trivial role on the predicted association strength and the sign of enthalpic and entropic components of the interaction free energy in water and ethanol.

  18. Acne

    MedlinePlus

    ... ones to see which helps. Products with benzoyl peroxide (say: BEN-zoil peh - ROK - side) or salicylic ( ... are usually pretty helpful for treating acne. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria that can lead to acne ...

  19. Developing Creativity Ecosystems: Preparing College Students for Tomorrow's Innovation Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulme, Eileen; Thomas, Ben; DeLaRosby, Hal

    2014-01-01

    Eileen Hulme, Ben Thomas, and Hal DeLaRosby argue for the importance of creativity as a learning outcome and challenge higher education to produce students capable of becoming the innovative leaders the twenty-first-century economy requires.

  20. Developing Creativity Ecosystems: Preparing College Students for Tomorrow's Innovation Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulme, Eileen; Thomas, Ben; DeLaRosby, Hal

    2014-01-01

    Eileen Hulme, Ben Thomas, and Hal DeLaRosby argue for the importance of creativity as a learning outcome and challenge higher education to produce students capable of becoming the innovative leaders the twenty-first-century economy requires.

  1. Determination of βS haplotypes in patients with sickle-cell anemia in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Cabral, Cynthia Hatsue Kitayama; Serafim, Édvis Santos Soares; de Medeiros, Waleska Rayane Dantas Bezerra; de Medeiros Fernandes, Thales Allyrio Araújo; Kimura, Elza Miyuki; Costa, Fernando Ferreira; de Fátima Sonati, Maria; Rebecchi, Ivanise Marina Moretti; de Medeiros, Tereza Maria Dantas

    2011-01-01

    βS haplotypes were studied in 47 non-related patients with sickle-cell anemia from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Molecular analysis was conducted by PCR/RFLP using restriction endonucleases XmnI, HindIII, HincII and HinfI to analyze six polymorphic sites from the beta cluster. Twenty-seven patients (57.5%) were identified with genotype CAR/CAR, 9 (19.1%) CAR/BEN, 6 (12.8%) CAR/CAM, 1 (2.1%) BEN/BEN, 2 (4.3%) CAR/Atp, 1 (2.1%) BEN/Atp and 1 (2.1%) with genotype Atp/Atp. The greater frequency of Cameroon haplotypes compared to other Brazilian states suggests the existence of a peculiarity of African origin in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. PMID:21931513

  2. Medical Care and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Your Child's Development (Birth to 3 Years) Feeding Your 1- to ... your doctor if you have concerns about your child's development. Reviewed by: Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD Date ...

  3. GSFC_20160930_2016-21327_010

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-09-30

    Senator Ben Cardin visited NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on Sept. 30, 2016. Senator Cardin met with Center Director Chris Scolese and received updates from project managers on various Earth sciences, space science and technology development efforts.

  4. Engineered Skin Cells Control Type 2 Diabetes in Mice

    MedlinePlus

    ... a stem cell biologist at the University of Chicago, led the "proof of concept" study. He said ... Ben May Department for Cancer Research, University of Chicago; Juan Dominguez-Bendala, Ph.D., associate professor, and ...

  5. 76 FR 27629 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing of the Altamaha Spinymussel and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... channel in four units as critical habitat in Appling, Ben Hill, Coffee, Jeff Davis, Long, Montgomery... associated with the following categories of activity: Electric power generation and transmission, transportation, and recreation. Applying a seven percent discount rate, electric power generation...

  6. Meanwhile, at the Bottom of the Ocean ...

    NASA Image and Video Library

    The Ben Franklin mission has been forgotten by time, overshadowed by the concurrent Apollo 11 mission. However, the scientific findings obtained by six aquanauts have provided a foundation for unde...

  7. 12. Wagon Repair and Paint Shop (second floor in Woodworking ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Wagon Repair and Paint Shop (second floor in Woodworking Mill): view looking east showing paint storage on left and old living quarters on right - Ben Thresher's Mill, State Aid No. 1, Barnet, Caledonia County, VT

  8. 78 FR 19261 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice of Availability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ..., Contact: Jason Workman (FHWA) 304-347-5928, Mark Taylor (USACE) 304- 399-5610, Ben Hark (WVDOT) 304-558... Line Upgrade, Review Period Ends: 04/29/ 2013, Contact: Amy Waring 406-255-1451. EIS No....

  9. 29 CFR 779.346 - Requirements for exemption summarized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... establishment must be recognized as a retail establishment in the particular industry. (b) The goods which the..., section 13(a)(2); H. Rept. No. 1453, 81st Cong. first session, p. 27; Arnold v. Ben Kanowsky, Inc., 361 U...

  10. SOLUTION RHEOLOGY OF HYPERBRANCHED POLYESTERS AND THEIR BLENDS WITH LINEAR POLYMERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this study, the rheological properties of different generations of hyperbranched polyesters in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone solvent and their blends with poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) have ben investigated. All the hyperbranched polyester solutions exhibited Newtonian behavior...

  11. Determination of β haplotypes in patients with sickle-cell anemia in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Cabral, Cynthia Hatsue Kitayama; Serafim, Edvis Santos Soares; de Medeiros, Waleska Rayane Dantas Bezerra; de Medeiros Fernandes, Thales Allyrio Araújo; Kimura, Elza Miyuki; Costa, Fernando Ferreira; de Fátima Sonati, Maria; Rebecchi, Ivanise Marina Moretti; de Medeiros, Tereza Maria Dantas

    2011-07-01

    β(S) haplotypes were studied in 47 non-related patients with sickle-cell anemia from the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Molecular analysis was conducted by PCR/RFLP using restriction endonucleases XmnI, HindIII, HincII and HinfI to analyze six polymorphic sites from the beta cluster. Twenty-seven patients (57.5%) were identified with genotype CAR/CAR, 9 (19.1%) CAR/BEN, 6 (12.8%) CAR/CAM, 1 (2.1%) BEN/BEN, 2 (4.3%) CAR/Atp, 1 (2.1%) BEN/Atp and 1 (2.1%) with genotype Atp/Atp. The greater frequency of Cameroon haplotypes compared to other Brazilian states suggests the existence of a peculiarity of African origin in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.

  12. 18. Blacksmith Shop (first floor): view looking north; trip hammer ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Blacksmith Shop (first floor): view looking north; trip hammer and coal bin in background, shears and swage block in foreground - Ben Thresher's Mill, State Aid No. 1, Barnet, Caledonia County, VT

  13. Space Station Live: Students Help Build Station Trainers

    NASA Image and Video Library

    NASA Public Affairs Officer Josh Byerly speaks with students Ben Holloway, Helmut Brenner and Robert Lipham from Cypress Woods High School in Cypress, Texas, about their experiences in the HUNCH ed...

  14. GSFC_20170308_2017-8679_041

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-08

    Lt. Governor Rutherford and staff visited Goddard on March 8, 2017. They toured James Webb Space Telescope with Bill Ochs and Robotics Operations Center with Ben Reed. They also met John Mather, Nobel Prize winner.

  15. GSFC_20170308_2017-8679_036

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-08

    Lt. Governor Rutherford and staff visited Goddard on March 8, 2017. They toured James Webb Space Telescope with Bill Ochs and Robotic Operations Center with Ben Reed. They also met John Mather, Nobel Prize winner.

  16. GSFC_20170308_2017-8679_015

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-03-08

    Lt. Governor Rutherford and staff visited Goddard on March 8, 2017. They toured James Webb Space Telescope with Bill Ochs and Robotic Operations Center with Ben Reed. They also met John Mather, Nobel Prize winner.

  17. SOLUTION RHEOLOGY OF HYPERBRANCHED POLYESTERS AND THEIR BLENDS WITH LINEAR POLYMERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this study, the rheological properties of different generations of hyperbranched polyesters in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone solvent and their blends with poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) have ben investigated. All the hyperbranched polyester solutions exhibited Newtonian behavior...

  18. High School Parking Lots.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neff, Thomas G.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the reorganization of the site of Ben Davis High School in Wayne Township, Indiana as an example of improvements to school parking lot design and vehicle/pedestrian traffic flow and security. Includes design drawings. (EV)

  19. KSC-2013-1650

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2013-02-10

    VANDENBERG AFB, Calif. – A NASA TV technician records the launch of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket carrying the Landsat Data Continuity Mission spacecraft from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Photo credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky

  20. 76 FR 12760 - Section 302 Report

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... CONTACT: Ben Golant, Assistant General Counsel, or Tanya M. Sandros, Deputy General Counsel, Copyright GC... in the DATES section. On page 11816 in the 2nd column correct the DATES caption to read: DATES...

  1. Cluster analysis for percolation on a two-dimensional fully frustrated system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franzese, Giancarlo

    1996-12-01

    The percolation of Kandel, Ben-Av and Domany clusters for a two-dimensional fully frustrated Ising model is extensively studied through numerical simulations. Critical exponents, cluster distribution and fractal dimension of a percolating cluster are given.

  2. How and Why I Built a Research Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lakhdar, Zohra Ben

    2005-10-01

    The 2005 L'ORÉAL-UNESCO award for women in physics recognized Zohra Ben Lakhdar's contributions to research in Tunisia. But when Professor Ben Lakhdar was a young girl in 1950s Tunisia, girls did not go to school beyond the elementary grades, and she found herself under the tutelage of her mother learning how to take care of a family and home. Tunisia's independence in 1956 changed that, and Professor Ben Lakhdar soon became the only girl in an all-boys' college. In 1978 when she returned to Tunisia after earning her PhD in Paris, fewer than 10 Tunisians were doing research. But the number of students in the country was increasing and trained teachers were needed. Developing the capability to do research in Tunisia was urgent. So Professor Ben Lakhdar built a research laboratory in Tunisia. This paper tells the story.

  3. ISS Update: Robotic Refueling Mission Payload Overview

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Public Affairs Officer Kyle Herring talks by phone with Ben Reed, Deputy Project Manager of the Satellite Servicing Capabilities Office at Goddard Space Flight Center. They talk about the Robotic R...

  4. The unveiled states of americium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Still, Ben

    2017-02-01

    Made under a cloak of wartime secrecy, yet announced in the most public of ways -- a radioactive element that governments insist we take into our homes. Ben Still explains how element 95 is one of real contradiction.

  5. Probing the Milky Way

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asanok, Kitiyanee; Fenech, Danielle; Greaves, Jane; Healy, Fiona; Hoare, Melvin; Mooley, Kunal; Prinja, Raman; Rodriguez, Luiz; Shaw, Ben; Walker, Charlie

    2016-06-01

    Charlie Walker, Ben Shaw and colleagues give an overview of how the sensitivity, superb resolution and lack of obscuration in e-MERLIN data is changing what we know about our home galaxy and the lifecycles of its stars.

  6. Genetics Home Reference: fucosidosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... muscle stiffness (spasticity); clusters of enlarged blood vessels forming small, dark red spots on the skin (angiokeratomas); ... link) FUCOSIDOSIS Sources for This Page Ben Turkia H, Tebib N, Azzouz H, Abdelmoula MS, Bouguila J, ...

  7. 78 FR 16446 - Awards for Information Relating To Detecting Underpayments of Tax or Violations of the Internal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... Submissions to CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-141066-09), room 5205, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin... prepare an agenda containing the schedule of speakers. Copies of the agenda will be made available,...

  8. Signature Peptide-Enabled Metagenomics (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)

    ScienceCinema

    McMahon, Ben [LANL

    2016-07-12

    Ben McMahon of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) presents "Signature Peptide-Enabled Metagenomics" at the 7th Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting held in June, 2012 in Santa Fe, NM.

  9. Oh What a Tangled Biofilm Web Bacteria Weave

    MedlinePlus

    ... Home Page Oh What a Tangled Biofilm Web Bacteria Weave By Elia Ben-Ari Posted May 1, ... a suitable surface, some water and nutrients, and bacteria will likely put down stakes and form biofilms. ...

  10. Caring after conflict.

    PubMed

    Dallaire, Roméo

    2012-07-01

    Senator Roméo Dallaire commanded the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda in 1994. He spoke to Ben Jones about helping combatants after conflict, child soldiers and why writing his books meant "going back to hell".

  11. Field evaluation of plant odor and pheromonal combinations for attracting plum curculios.

    PubMed

    Piñero, Jaime C; Prokopy, Ronald J

    2003-12-01

    The attractiveness of different synthetic host odors and a synthetic aggregation pheromone (grandisoic acid [GA]) to overwintered adult plum curculios (PCs), Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), was examined using two types of traps (sticky panels and black pyramids) placed in border areas surrounding an unsprayed section of an apple orchard in Massachusetts. In 2001, we evaluated the response of PCs to three synthetic fruit volatiles (benzaldehyde [BEN], ethyl isovalerate [EIV], and limonene [LIM]) assessed alone and in combination with GA, as well as the response to GA alone and a no-odor (control) treatment. BEN was the only host volatile that synergized the response of PCs to GA for both trap types. For both trap types, GA was as attractive to PCs as a single component as when in combination with either EIV or LIM. In 2002, four release rates of BEN (0, 2.5, 10, and 40 mg/day) and two release rates of GA (1 and 2 mg/day) were evaluated for attractiveness to PCs using panel and pyramid traps. For panel traps, an increase in amount of GA released (from 1 to 2 mg/day) was associated with a 35% increase in captures. However, PC captures by pyramid traps were similar regardless of the amount of GA released. For panel traps, 10 and 40 mg/day of BEN were the most attractive release rates regardless of the amount of GA released. For pyramid traps baited with GA. PC captures were enhanced by the presence of BEN, regardless of release rate. In 2003, GA at 1 mg/day + BEN at 80 mg/day of release did not enhance PC captures by panel traps relative to lower release rates of BEN. Pyramid traps releasing GA at 1 mg/day performed best when baited with BEN at 10 mg/day of release; a release rate of 80 mg/day of BEN decreased the attractiveness of the binary combination of BEN + GA. Combined results suggest that BEN at 10 mg/day + GA at 1 mg/day of release constitutes an attractive lure that may improve the effectiveness of monitoring traps for PCs.

  12. P19 contributes to Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides adhesion to EBL cells.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Yumei; Wang, Yang; Li, Yuan; Nick, Nwankpa; Zou, Xiaohui; Bai, Fan; Wu, Jindi; Xin, Jiuqing

    2016-04-01

    Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) is the causative agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP). The virulent Mmm Ben-1 strain was isolated from the lung of a CBPP-infected cow in China in the 1950s. To attenuate the virulence of the Ben-1 strain and preserve its protective ability, the isolate was re-isolated after inoculation into the testicles of rabbits and into the rabbit thorax. As a result, after the subsequent isolates were continuously passaged 468 times in rabbits, its pathogenicity to cattle decreased. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to attenuation of the Mmm Ben-1 remain unknown. We compared the entire genomes of the Ben-1 strain and the 468 th generation strain passaged in rabbits (Ben-468) and discovered that a putative protein gene named p19 was absent from the Ben-468 strain. The p19 gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli to obtain recombinant P19 (rP19). Western blot analysis demonstrated that the P19 protein is detected in the cell-membrane fraction, the cell-soluble cytosolic fraction and whole-cell lysate of the Mmm Ben-1 strain. The rP19 can interact with international standard serum against CBPP. Immunostaining visualised via confocal laser scanning microscopy indicated that P19 is able to adhere to embryonic bovine lung (EBL) cells, and this finding was also confirmed by a sandwich ELISA. We also found that anti-rP19 serum could inhibit the adhesion of the Mmm Ben-1 total proteins to EBL cells. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Prestressed Carbon Fiber Composite Overwrapped Gun Tube

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-15

    this report when no longer needed by any method that will prevent disclosure of its contents or reconstruction of the document. Do not return to...AND ADDRESS(ES). Self -explanatory. 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER. Enter all unique alphanumeric report numbers assigned by the...Enlargement. Benét Laboratories Tech. Rep. ARCCB-TR-92042, Benét Laboratories, Watervliet, NY 12189 Koopmann, W., White, R., and Cozby , R. 2003: GE/UK/US

  14. Field Test Results of Experimental EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer) and PUF (Polyurethane Foam) Roofing.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    43 Benning; PUF roofing at Fort Benning; PUF roofing . . . asphalt -saturated and coated glass fiber base sheet in at Fort Knox; and EPDM, PUF, and BUR... roofing at - hot asphalt , 2 in. (64 mm) of rigid inorganic board Fort Lewis. USA-CERL Technical Report M-298 0 stock with asphalt -saturated organic...a two-ply vapor performance of the materials in a roof assembly. retarder of No. 15 asphalt -saturated organic felt, a American Society for Testing and

  15. A Surprise Out of Zion? Case Studies in Israel’s Decisions on Whether to Alert the United States to Preemptive and Preventive Strikes, from Suez to the Syrian Nuclear Reactor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Case I: The Suez War, 1956 11 ance between Egypt, Jordan and Syria,” and Iraq’s own mobilization of troops along its frontier with Jordan .13...to Ben-Gurion, warning Israel against a military operation”—although the president still thought Israel had Jordan in its gunsights, not Egypt. Ben...blasted Giscard d’Estaing’s proliferation policies, that an additional shipment of highly enriched uranium would let Iraq enter the nuclear club. “If I

  16. Facilities Engineering Management System Study. Volume 1. An Automation Survey of Army Installation Directorates of Engineering and Housing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-01

    WI (AFZR-FE) FT HAMILTON, NY (ATZD-FHE) FT MCPHERSON, GA (AFZK-EH) FT BEN HARRISON, IN ( ATZI -FE) FT MEADE, MD (AFZI-FE) FT JACKSON, SC (ATZJ-EH) FT...NY 11252 Pine Bluff Arsenal 71601 05/88 ATTN: ATZD-FHE ATTN: SMCPB-FE Ft Ben Harrison, IN 46216 Rock island Arsenal 61201 ATTNt ATZI -FE ATTN SMCRI-PE

  17. VIEW IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION AS MD1351 AND MD1352. RAW MATERIAL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION AS MD-135-1 AND MD-135-2. RAW MATERIAL CONVEYOR AT LEFT DEPOSITS SHELL INTO MILLING MACHINE AT LOWER LEFT. ENGINE IS AT LOWER RIGHT AND RADIATOR AT LOWER CENTER. ROLLER SORTER IS AT TOP OF CONVEYOR. - F. & H. Benning Company Oyster Mill, 14430 Solomons Island Road (moved from 1014 Benning Road, Galesville, Anne Arundel County, Maryland), Solomons, Calvert County, MD

  18. Is Increased Susceptibility to Balkan Endemic Nephropathy in Carriers of Common GSTA1 (*A/*B) Polymorphism Linked with the Catalytic Role of GSTA1 in Ochratoxin A Biotransformation? Serbian Case Control Study and In Silico Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Reljic, Zorica; Zlatovic, Mario; Savic-Radojevic, Ana; Pekmezovic, Tatjana; Djukanovic, Ljubica; Matic, Marija; Pljesa-Ercegovac, Marija; Mimic-Oka, Jasmina; Opsenica, Dejan; Simic, Tatjana

    2014-01-01

    Although recent data suggest aristolochic acid as a putative cause of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), evidence also exists in favor of ochratoxin A (OTA) exposure as risk factor for the disease. The potential role of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, such as the glutathione transferases (GSTs), in OTA biotransformation is based on OTA glutathione adducts (OTHQ-SG and OTB-SG) in blood and urine of BEN patients. We aimed to analyze the association between common GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and BEN susceptibility, and thereafter performed an in silico simulation of particular GST enzymes potentially involved in OTA transformations. GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 genotypes were determined in 207 BEN patients and 138 non-BEN healthy individuals from endemic regions by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Molecular modeling in silico was performed for GSTA1 protein. Among the GST polymorphisms tested, only GSTA1 was significantly associated with a higher risk of BEN. Namely, carriers of the GSTA1*B gene variant, associated with lower transcriptional activation, were at a 1.6-fold higher BEN risk than those carrying the homozygous GSTA1*A/*A genotype (OR = 1.6; p = 0.037). In in silico modeling, we found four structures, two OTB-SG and two OTHQ-SG, bound in a GSTA1 monomer. We found that GSTA1 polymorphism was associated with increased risk of BEN, and suggested, according to the in silico simulation, that GSTA1-1 might be involved in catalyzing the formation of OTHQ-SG and OTB-SG conjugates. PMID:25111321

  19. Is increased susceptibility to Balkan endemic nephropathy in carriers of common GSTA1 (*A/*B) polymorphism linked with the catalytic role of GSTA1 in ochratoxin a biotransformation? Serbian case control study and in silico analysis.

    PubMed

    Reljic, Zorica; Zlatovic, Mario; Savic-Radojevic, Ana; Pekmezovic, Tatjana; Djukanovic, Ljubica; Matic, Marija; Pljesa-Ercegovac, Marija; Mimic-Oka, Jasmina; Opsenica, Dejan; Simic, Tatjana

    2014-08-08

    Although recent data suggest aristolochic acid as a putative cause of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), evidence also exists in favor of ochratoxin A (OTA) exposure as risk factor for the disease. The potential role of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, such as the glutathione transferases (GSTs), in OTA biotransformation is based on OTA glutathione adducts (OTHQ-SG and OTB-SG) in blood and urine of BEN patients. We aimed to analyze the association between common GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and BEN susceptibility, and thereafter performed an in silico simulation of particular GST enzymes potentially involved in OTA transformations. GSTA1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 genotypes were determined in 207 BEN patients and 138 non-BEN healthy individuals from endemic regions by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Molecular modeling in silico was performed for GSTA1 protein. Among the GST polymorphisms tested, only GSTA1 was significantly associated with a higher risk of BEN. Namely, carriers of the GSTA1*B gene variant, associated with lower transcriptional activation, were at a 1.6-fold higher BEN risk than those carrying the homozygous GSTA1*A/*A genotype (OR = 1.6; p = 0.037). In in silico modeling, we found four structures, two OTB-SG and two OTHQ-SG, bound in a GSTA1 monomer. We found that GSTA1 polymorphism was associated with increased risk of BEN, and suggested, according to the in silico simulation, that GSTA1-1 might be involved in catalyzing the formation of OTHQ-SG and OTB-SG conjugates.

  20. An Independent Palestinian State. The Fundamental Ingredient for An Arab-Israeli Peace

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-06

    their desire to find a comprehensive settlement to the conflict. Major General Yossi Ben Hanon stressed that the Pa]estinian issue must be solved so...conversation with Major General Yossl Ben Hanon , Commandant, Israeli National Defense College, in Tel Aviv on 12 and 14 May 1992 (author’s notes). 103 As...quoted by Kuniholm: 14; Plascov: 51-53. 104 Jaffee, Options: 101. 105 Briefing by and conversation with Major Genera] Hanon and Brigadier General Yoni

  1. Lost Unconventional Warfare Lessons from the Yugoslav Front

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-06

    Special Operation Executive 1940-1946 (USA: University Publications of America, Inc., 1986), 153. 62 Ben Shepard and Juliette Pattinson eds., War...the OSS (Office of Strategic Services). Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: Carrollton Press, Inc., 1976. Shepard , Ben and Pattinson, Juliette eds. War in... Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2007. Williamson, Gordon. Die Waffen SS 1933-1945, Ein Handbuch. Wien, Österreich: Tosa im Verlag Carl

  2. Kinetics and Dynamics of Reacting Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-22

    heterogeneous catalysis reactions.’ Additionally, the simplicity of the monomer-monomer model renders it amenable to detailed theoretical analysis. Thus the...Lett. 63, 2857 (1989). 7. D. ben-Avraham, S. Redner, D. Considine, and P. Meakin, "Finite-Size Poisoning in Heterogeneous Catalysis " J. Phys. A 23...25, 5889 (1992). 19. H. Park, J. K~hler, I.-M. Kim, D. ben-Avraham, and S. Redner, "Excluded Volume Effects in Heterogeneous Catalysis : Reactions

  3. Evaluation of Military Range Berm Effectiveness in Protecting Red-cockaded Woodpecker Foraging and Nesting Habitat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    longleaf pine (P. palustris; Table 2). This contrasted with Fort Stewart, where the dominant tree species was longleaf pine , followed by loblolly...of all trees surveyed on Fort Benning, compared with only 6.4% to 16.2% across plots on Fort Stewart. In contrast, longleaf pine accounted for...surveyed on Fort Stewart (Tables 2–4). The dominant tree species identified for each installation (i.e., loblolly pine for Fort Benning and longleaf

  4. Situational Awareness and Communication Experiment for Military Operations in Urban Terrain: Experiment 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-10-01

    terrain site, Fort Benning , Georgia. The AC was used to conduct a two-phase SA experiment. In Phase I, tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs...element at Fort Benning , Georgia, in conjunction with the MOUT ACTD Technology Program Office. The U.S. Department of Defense initiated the MOUT ACTD...SA. Other domains have also recognized the importance of SA and have begun to address the issue. For example, Gaba , Howard, and Small (1995

  5. The Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkestan and the Formation of Modern Uyghur Identity in Xinjiang

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    as weasels and whose Uyghur allies were crusading for their civil rights and their religion.”63 This observation indicates some perceptions that...133 Micallet and Svanberg, 153. 134 Ben -Adam Justin, "China," in Islam Outside the Muslim World (London: Curzon, 1999...Washington Press, 1997) and Zvi Ben -Dor Benite, The Dao of Muhammad: a Cultural History of Muslims in Late Imperial China, (Cambridge: Harvard University

  6. Self-Stabilizing and Efficient Robust Uncertainty Management

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    Orientation of Bees. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 24 Aristotle, Historia animalium, IX, 40, Becker 624b; modified... University Department of Communication Systems Engineering Ben-Gurion Boulevard Beer-Sheva, Israel 84751 October 2011 Final Report for 15...Segal 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5d. TASK NUMBER 5e. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Ben Gurion University

  7. 120mm Prestressed Carbon Fiber/Thermoplastic Overwrapped Gun Tubes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Laboratories, Watervliet, NY, 12189 4 Hasenbein, R., Gabriele, A., Artus , B., Cunningham, G., Gast, R., 1990: Dynamic Strain Waves – a Development...Pressure Vessel Technology, 128, 257-262 7 Hasenbein, R., Gabriele, A., and Artus , B., 1991: Dynamic Strain Study of the M256 Cannon Tube. Benét Laboratories Tech. Rep. ARCCB-TR-91015, Benét Laboratories, Watervliet, NY 12189.

  8. Explosively Bonded Gun Tube Liner Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    efforts identified several promising materials that could be used for liners, primarily refractory metals such as tantalum (Ta), molybdenum (Mo...Characterization of tantalum liners applied to 25-mm and 120-mm cannon bore sections via explosive bonding. Watervliet (NY): Benét Laboratories (US...fired tantalum liners applied to 25mm gun tubes. Watervliet (NY): Benét Laboratories; 2001 Nov. Report No.: ARCCB-TR-02016. 9. Pepi M, Snoha D

  9. Fifty years of Balkan endemic nephropathy: daunting questions, elusive answers.

    PubMed

    Batuman, V

    2006-02-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) has remained a geographically constant endemic for 50 years. Despite extensive research, its etiology remains unknown. In the current issue, in a study in one of the earliest sites where the endemic was first recognized, Dimitrov et al. confirm the persistance of the endemic into a new generation and also identify a maternal link in the pathogenesis of BEN. This intriguing finding needs to be confirmed in other endemic areas.

  10. Genetic and Genomic Insights into the Role of Benzoate-Catabolic Pathway Redundancy in Burkholderia xenovorans LB400†

    PubMed Central

    Denef, V. J.; Klappenbach, J. A.; Patrauchan, M. A.; Florizone, C.; Rodrigues, J. L. M.; Tsoi, T. V.; Verstraete, W.; Eltis, L. D.; Tiedje, J. M.

    2006-01-01

    Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Burkholderia xenovorans LB400, a potent polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) degrader, have implicated growth substrate- and phase-dependent expression of three benzoate-catabolizing pathways: a catechol ortho cleavage (ben-cat) pathway and two benzoyl-coenzyme A pathways, encoded by gene clusters on the large chromosome (boxC) and the megaplasmid (boxM). To elucidate the significance of this apparent redundancy, we constructed mutants with deletions of the ben-cat pathway (the ΔbenABCD::kan mutant), the boxC pathway (the ΔboxABC::kan mutant), and both pathways (the ΔbenABCDΔ boxABC::kan mutant). All three mutants oxidized benzoate in resting-cell assays. However, the ΔbenABCD::kan and ΔbenABCD ΔboxABC::kan mutants grew at reduced rates on benzoate and displayed increased lag phases. By contrast, growth on succinate, on 4-hydroxybenzoate, and on biphenyl was unaffected. Microarray and proteomic analyses revealed that cells of the ΔbenABCD::kan mutant growing on benzoate expressed both box pathways. Overall, these results indicate that all three pathways catabolize benzoate. Deletion of benABCD abolished the ability of LB400 to grow using 3-chlorobenzoate. None of the benzoate pathways could degrade 2- or 4-chlorobenzoate, indicating that the pathway redundancy does not directly contribute to LB400's PCB-degrading capacities. Finally, an extensive sigmaE-regulated oxidative stress response not present in wild-type LB400 grown on benzoate was detected in these deletion mutants, supporting our earlier suggestion that the box pathways are preferentially active under reduced oxygen tension. Our data further substantiate the expansive network of tightly interconnected and complexly regulated aromatic degradation pathways in LB400. PMID:16391095

  11. [Textual research on herb youba].

    PubMed

    Xie, Z

    1998-02-01

    A textual research has been conducted to clarify the botanical origin of the herb Youba in ancient medicinal literatures. The name Youba in (Xin Xiu Ben Cao) published in the Tang dynasty and (Ben Cao Gang Mu) published in the Ming dynasty has been confirmed to be the immature tuber of Pinellia pedatisecta (without branches around the tuber), whereas the same name Youba in (Zhi Wu Ming Shi Tu Kao) published in the Qing dynasty refers to Arisaema yunnanense.

  12. Air and Space Power Journal - Africa and Francophonie. Volume 7, Number 3, 3rd Quarter, 2016

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    and Deterrence Yakov Ben-Haim, PhD Enable and Enhance —That’s It? European Union Peace Building and the Enable and Enhance Initiative Witold Mucha, PhD...26 Yakov Ben-Haim, PhD Enable and Enhance —That’s It? European Union Peace Building and the Enable and... Enhance Initiative . . . . . . . . . 50 Witold Mucha, PhD The Role of International Courts and Tribunals in Global Environmental Governance

  13. Exploitable Vulnerabilities of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-12

    utilization of social media to organize and direct uprisings throughout the Middle East in 2011’s Arab Spring reinforced the IRGC’s premise that...2010 article in Middle East Outlooks provides and extensive list of companies and investment institutes entirely or partially owned by the IRGC.70...Mobarakeh Steelwork [Foulad-e Mobarakeh-ye Esfahan] Jaber Ben Hayan Pharmaceuticals [Darousazi-ye Jaber Ben Hayan] Middle East Tidewater Company

  14. Decentralizing Statistical Accuracy Control Responsibility to the Ship Production Workforce (The National Shipbuilding Research Program)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Ben Fuentes , shipfitter, (left) employs a re-usable dog to minimize plate distortion (the dog was developed by Table 10’s ignacio Navarro and Pete...nate rework. (Right) Enjoying a potluck lunch, the Table 10 team includes (seated, from left) Jose Murillo, Tim Plttrizzi, Frank de la Cruz, Jorge Valdez...Nguyen, Gabe Martinez, Hung Cao, Dave Voigt, Jr,, Jorge Castro, Phil Murray, Henry Posey, Ben Fuentes , Aian Richle, and Cristobal Orozco. Not present

  15. Evaluating Weight of Evidence in the Mystery of Balkan Endemic Nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Bui-Klimke, Travis; Wu, Felicia

    2014-01-01

    Balkan Endemic Nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic, progressive wasting disease of the kidneys, endemic in certain rural regions of the Balkan nations Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania. It is irreversible, and ultimately fatal. Though this disease was first described in the 1920s, its causes have been a mystery and a source of much academic and clinical contention. Possible etiologic agents that have been explored include exposure to metals and metalloids, viruses and bacteria, and the environmental toxins aristolochic acid (AA) and ochratoxin A (OTA). Aristolochic acid is a toxin produced by weeds of the genus Aristolochia, common in Balkan wheat fields. Aristolochia seeds may intermingle with harvested grains and thus inadvertently enter human diets. Ochratoxin A is a mycotoxin (fungal toxin) common in many foods, including cereal grains. In this study, we analyzed the weight of evidence for each of the suspected causes of BEN using the Bradford Hill Criteria (BHC): nine conditions that determine weight of evidence for a causal relationship between an agent and a disease. Each agent postulated to cause BEN was evaluated using the nine criteria, and for each criterion was given a rating based on the strength of the association between exposure to the substance and BEN. From the overall available scientific evidence for each of these suspected risk factors, aristolochic acid is the agent with the greatest weight of evidence in causing BEN. We describe other methods for testing causality from epidemiological studies, which support this conclusion of AA causing BEN. PMID:24954501

  16. Angiogenesis in upper tract urothelial carcinoma associated with Balkan endemic nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Velickovic, Ljubinka Jankovic; Petrovic, Ana Ristic; Stojnev, Slavica; Dolicanin, Zana; Hattori, Takanori; Sugihara, Hiroyuki; Mukaisho, Ken-ichi; Stojanovic, Mariola; Stefanovic, Vladisav

    2012-01-01

    Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) associated with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is characterized by a number of aberrations in cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to detect angiogenesis-related marker(s) specific for BEN UTUC, and to examine the influence of HIF 1α upon angiogenesis and apoptosis in UTUC. Present investigation included 110 patients with UTUC, 50 from BEN region and 60 control tumors. Altered expression of VEGFR1 was more often present in control UTUC than in BEN tumors (p<0.005). It was associated with high grade, low and high stage, solid growth, and metaplastic change of control UTUC. Microvessel density assessed by CD31 (MVD CD31) was significantly higher in UTUC with lymphovascular invasion (p<0.05), and in BEN tumors with papillary growth (p<0.05). Discriminant analysis indicated that BEN and control tumors do not differ significantly in expression of angiogenesis related markers. The most important discriminant variable that determined control UTUC was expression of VEGFR1 (p=0.002). HIF 1α in UTUC significantly correlated with the low stage, papillary growth and expression of Bcl-2, Caspase-3 index, and MVD CD34 (p<0.001; 0.0005; 0.01; 0.005; 0.01, respectively). HIF-1α may be helpful marker in evaluation of UTUC, especially when combined with angiogenesis and apoptosis. PMID:22977664

  17. Evaluating weight of evidence in the mystery of Balkan endemic nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Bui-Klimke, Travis; Wu, Felicia

    2014-09-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic, progressive wasting disease of the kidneys, endemic in certain rural regions of the Balkan nations Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania. It is irreversible and ultimately fatal. Though this disease was first described in the 1950s, its causes have been a mystery and a source of much academic and clinical contention. Possible etiologic agents that have been explored include exposure to metals and metalloids, viruses and bacteria, and the dietary toxins aristolochic acid (AA) and ochratoxin A (OTA). AA is a toxin produced by weeds of the genus Aristolochia, common in Balkan wheat fields. Aristolochia seeds may intermingle with harvested grains and thus inadvertently enter human diets. OTA is a mycotoxin (fungal toxin) common in many foods, including cereal grains. In this study, we analyzed the weight of evidence for each of the suspected causes of BEN using the Bradford Hill criteria (BHC): nine conditions that determine weight of evidence for a causal relationship between an agent and a disease. Each agent postulated to cause BEN was evaluated using the nine criteria, and for each criterion was given a rating based on the strength of the association between exposure to the substance and BEN. From the overall available scientific evidence for each of these suspected risk factors, AA is the agent with the greatest weight of evidence in causing BEN. We describe other methods for testing causality from epidemiological studies, which support this conclusion of AA causing BEN.

  18. Urinary protein patterns in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Djukanović, Ljubica; Djordjević, Vidosava; Ležaić, Višnja; Cukuranović, Rade; Marić, Ivko; Bukvić, Danica; Marinković, Jelena; Cukuranović, Jovana; Rajić, Milena; Stefanović, Vladisav

    2013-12-01

    Urinary excretion of beta2-microglobulin (beta2-MG), albumin, immunoglobulin G (IgG) and protein was examined in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), glomerulonephritis (GN) and healthy controls. The proteins were measured in morning urine samples from 74 patients with BEN, 50 healthy persons and 22 patients with GN. In BEN patients, median values for albumin, beta2-MG and protein were above upper normal limits, but median IgG was inside normal range. All patients with GN had microalbuminuria (MAU) and half of them had increased urinary beta2-MG, which was also found in eleven patients with increased urinary IgG. In BEN patients, there were significant negative correlations between eGFR and all measured urinary proteins, the composition of which changed during the course of BEN. In patients with eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) isolated beta2-MG was the most frequent finding (10/12 patients), but MAU was present in 4/12 patients. In BEN patients with eGFR between 30 and 59 ml/min/1.73 m(2), beta2-MG appeared as often as the combination of beta2-MG and albumin and isolated MAU. Out of 49 BEN patients with eGFR > 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2) 15 had increased urinary IgG either alone (1) or together with beta2-MG (3) or albumin (3) or beta2-MG and albumin (8). In BEN patients with GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2) only 1/25 had isolated beta2-MG but increased urinary IgG with increased beta2-MG, and albumin was the most frequent. Although low-molecular weight proteinuria was the most frequent urinary finding in BEN patients, MAU was frequently detected in advanced stages of BEN but also in some patients with eGFR > 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). IgG was increasingly found as eGFR decreased.

  19. Anaerobic benzene oxidation by Geobacter species.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Tian; Bain, Timothy S; Nevin, Kelly P; Barlett, Melissa A; Lovley, Derek R

    2012-12-01

    The abundance of Geobacter species in contaminated aquifers in which benzene is anaerobically degraded has led to the suggestion that some Geobacter species might be capable of anaerobic benzene degradation, but this has never been documented. A strain of Geobacter, designated strain Ben, was isolated from sediments from the Fe(III)-reducing zone of a petroleum-contaminated aquifer in which there was significant capacity for anaerobic benzene oxidation. Strain Ben grew in a medium with benzene as the sole electron donor and Fe(III) oxide as the sole electron acceptor. Furthermore, additional evaluation of Geobacter metallireducens demonstrated that it could also grow in benzene-Fe(III) medium. In both strain Ben and G. metallireducens the stoichiometry of benzene metabolism and Fe(III) reduction was consistent with the oxidation of benzene to carbon dioxide with Fe(III) serving as the sole electron acceptor. With benzene as the electron donor, and Fe(III) oxide (strain Ben) or Fe(III) citrate (G. metallireducens) as the electron acceptor, the cell yields of strain Ben and G. metallireducens were 3.2 × 10(9) and 8.4 × 10(9) cells/mmol of Fe(III) reduced, respectively. Strain Ben also oxidized benzene with anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) as the sole electron acceptor with cell yields of 5.9 × 10(9) cells/mmol of AQDS reduced. Strain Ben serves as model organism for the study of anaerobic benzene metabolism in petroleum-contaminated aquifers, and G. metallireducens is the first anaerobic benzene-degrading organism that can be genetically manipulated.

  20. Anaerobic Benzene Oxidation by Geobacter Species

    PubMed Central

    Bain, Timothy S.; Nevin, Kelly P.; Barlett, Melissa A.; Lovley, Derek R.

    2012-01-01

    The abundance of Geobacter species in contaminated aquifers in which benzene is anaerobically degraded has led to the suggestion that some Geobacter species might be capable of anaerobic benzene degradation, but this has never been documented. A strain of Geobacter, designated strain Ben, was isolated from sediments from the Fe(III)-reducing zone of a petroleum-contaminated aquifer in which there was significant capacity for anaerobic benzene oxidation. Strain Ben grew in a medium with benzene as the sole electron donor and Fe(III) oxide as the sole electron acceptor. Furthermore, additional evaluation of Geobacter metallireducens demonstrated that it could also grow in benzene-Fe(III) medium. In both strain Ben and G. metallireducens the stoichiometry of benzene metabolism and Fe(III) reduction was consistent with the oxidation of benzene to carbon dioxide with Fe(III) serving as the sole electron acceptor. With benzene as the electron donor, and Fe(III) oxide (strain Ben) or Fe(III) citrate (G. metallireducens) as the electron acceptor, the cell yields of strain Ben and G. metallireducens were 3.2 × 109 and 8.4 × 109 cells/mmol of Fe(III) reduced, respectively. Strain Ben also oxidized benzene with anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) as the sole electron acceptor with cell yields of 5.9 × 109 cells/mmol of AQDS reduced. Strain Ben serves as model organism for the study of anaerobic benzene metabolism in petroleum-contaminated aquifers, and G. metallireducens is the first anaerobic benzene-degrading organism that can be genetically manipulated. PMID:23001648

  1. Molecular characterization, fitness and mycotoxin production of benzimidazole-resistant isolates of Penicillium expansum.

    PubMed

    Malandrakis, Anastasios A; Markoglou, Anastasios N; Konstantinou, Sotiris; Doukas, Eleftherios G; Kalampokis, John F; Karaoglanidis, George S

    2013-04-01

    Penicillium expansum field-strains resistant to benzimidazole fungicides were isolated in high frequency from decayed apple fruit collected from packinghouses and processing industries located in the region of Imathia, N. Greece. In vitro fungitoxicity tests resulted in the identification of two different resistant phenotypes: highly (BEN-HR) and moderately (BEN-MR) carbendazim-resistant. Thirty seven percent of the isolated P. expansum strains belonged to the BEN-HR phenotype, carried no apparent fitness penalties and exhibited resistance levels higher than 60 based on EC50 values. Cross resistance studies with other benzimidazole fungicides showed that all BEN-HR and BEN-MR isolates were also less sensitive to benomyl and thiabendazole. Fungitoxicity tests on the response of BEN-HR isolates to fungicides belonging to other chemical classes revealed no cross-resistance relationships between benzimidazoles and the phenylpyrrole fludioxonil, the dicarboximide iprodione, the anilinopyrimidine cyprodinil, the QoI pyraclostrobin, the imidazole imazalil and the triazole tebuconazole, indicating that a target-site modification is probably responsible for the BEN-HR phenotype observed. Contrary to the above, some BEN-MR isolates exhibited an increased sensitivity to cyprodinil compared to benzimidazole-sensitive ones. BEN-MR isolates had fitness parameters similar to the benzimidazole-sensitive isolates except for conidia production which appeared significantly decreased. Analysis of mycotoxin production (patulin and citrinin) showed that all benzimidazole-resistant isolates produced mycotoxins at concentrations significantly higher than sensitive isolates both on culture medium and on artificially inoculated apple fruit. Comparison of the β-tubulin gene DNA sequence between resistant and sensitive isolates revealed a point mutation resulting from the E198A substitution of the corresponding protein in most but not all HR isolates tested. Molecular analysis of the

  2. Locus control region HS2 point mutations are generally not responsible for elevated fetal hemoglobin expression of sickle cell patients

    SciTech Connect

    Gilman, J.G.

    1994-09-01

    The locus control region (LCR), composed of four hypersensitive sites (HS1-4) 5{prime} of the {epsilon} globin gene, confers strong, copy-number dependent expression on globin genes in transgenic mice. Several {beta}-globin gene cluster haplotypes carry the sickle cell gene, and show variable levels of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) expression in association with DNA sequence differences in HS2, {gamma} and {beta} globin promoters, and {gamma}IVSII: The Senegal (SEN or No. 3) haplotype generally has high (>10%) Hb F, Benin (BEN or No. 19) has intermediate Hb F (but some low and some high), and Banu (BAN or No. 20) generally has low Hb F. Huisman and colleagues have proposed that `factors produced under conditions of hematopoietic stress, together with genetic determinants on the haplotype-3 like LCR sequences, allow for high level expression of {gamma} globin genes`. We have now used slot blot to screen high Hb F (>9.5%) and low Hb F cases for two of the three HS2 point mutations described by Oener et al. Comparing eight high Hb F BEN/BEN with two low Hb F BEN/BEN, all ten had the BEN mutations considered by Oener et al. to be associated with low Hb F. Comparing three high Hb F BEN/BAN with two low Hb F BEN/BAN, all five were heterozygous at three positions; this is consistent with BEN having G and T and BAN having A at both positions. DNA sequencing of HS2 for BAN, which is generally associated with low HB F, showed that the point mutations at all three positions were those seen in SEN (generally high Hb F); only the AT repeat region showed major differences, confirming results of Huisman and colleagues. Hence, if there is any effect of HS2 of the Senegal sickle cell haplotype in causing elevated Hb F under hematopoietic stress, it must be due to specific variation in the AT repeat region, which Oener et al. have suggested may bind a silencer.

  3. Constant sediment budget of Mekong delta shorelines: implications from long-term shoreline changes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamura, T.; Saito, Y.; Nguyen, V. L.; Ta, T. K. O.

    2015-12-01

    The sustainability of delta shorelines requires the sufficient sediment supply that is equal to or more than the sediment removal by tides and waves. The Mekong River delta, southern Vietnam, is a mixed-energy, complicated system with multiple delta plain shorelines that share the sediment supply from the river. We reconstructed the long-term shoreline changes of the Mekong delta over the last 2500 years based on the architecture and chronology of beach ridges on three delta plain in Ben Tre (North, Central, and South Ben Tre), and a delta plain in Tra Vinh to consider the sediment flux and its contribution to the growth of individual delta plains. While each delta plain shows temporal changes in growth rate, the sum of these four plains is nearly constant. This implies that the net sediment supply to the shorelines is constant, and that the geomorphological changes at distributary branches cause changes in sediment supply to each shoreline compartment. The distributary between North and Central Ben Tre was choked sometime between 500 and 1000 years ago, causing the rapid and stagnant shoreline progradation in North and Central Ben Tre, respectively. The shoreline of Central Ben Tre however has prograded slowly even after the choking, suggesting the beach sand can be supplied beyond the distributary or onshore from the delta front. Pre-industrial changes in delta geomorphology, based on geological records, improve the understanding of the delta systems and when compared with historical changes, diagnose the post-industrial state of delta.

  4. HLB1 Is a Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domain-Containing Protein That Operates at the Intersection of the Exocytic and Endocytic Pathways at the TGN/EE in Arabidopsis[OPEN

    PubMed Central

    Sparks, J. Alan; Renna, Luciana; Liao, Fuqi; Brandizzi, Federica

    2016-01-01

    The endomembrane system plays essential roles in plant development, but the proteome responsible for its function and organization remains largely uncharacterized in plants. Here, we identified and characterized the HYPERSENSITIVE TO LATRUNCULIN B1 (HLB1) protein isolated through a forward-genetic screen in Arabidopsis thaliana for mutants with heightened sensitivity to actin-disrupting drugs. HLB1 is a plant-specific tetratricopeptide repeat domain-containing protein of unknown function encoded by a single Arabidopsis gene. HLB1 associated with the trans-Golgi network (TGN)/early endosome (EE) and tracked along filamentous actin, indicating that it could link post-Golgi traffic with the actin cytoskeleton in plants. HLB1 was found to interact with the ADP-ribosylation-factor guanine nucleotide exchange factor, MIN7/BEN1 (HOPM INTERACTOR7/BREFELDIN A-VISUALIZED ENDOCYTIC TRAFFICKING DEFECTIVE1) by coimmunoprecipitation. The min7/ben1 mutant phenocopied the mild root developmental defects and latrunculin B hypersensitivity of hlb1, and analyses of a hlb1/ min7/ben1 double mutant showed that hlb1 and min7/ben1 operate in common genetic pathways. Based on these data, we propose that HLB1 together with MIN7/BEN1 form a complex with actin to modulate the function of the TGN/EE at the intersection of the exocytic and endocytic pathways in plants. PMID:26941089

  5. (abstract) Line Mixing Behavior of Hydrogen-Broadened Ammonia Under Jovian Atmospheric Conditions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spilker, Thomas R.

    1994-01-01

    Laboratory spectral data reported last year have been used to investigate the line mixing behavior of hydrogen-broadened ammonia inversion lines. The data show that broadening parameters appearing in the modified Ben-Reuven opacity formalism of Berge and Gulkis (1976) cannot maintain constant values over pressure ranges that include low to moderate pressures and high pressures. Also, they cannot change drastically in value, as in the Spilker (1990) revision of the Berge and Gulkis formalism. It has long been recognized that at low pressures, less than about 1 bar of a Jovian atmospheric mixture, a VVW formalism yields more accurate predictions of ammonia opacity than Ben-Reuven formalisms. At higher pressures the Ben-Reuven formalisms are more accurate. Since the Ben-Reuven lineshape collapses to a VVW lineshape in the low pressure limit, this low pressure inaccuracy of the Ben-Reuven formalisms is surprising. By incorporating various behavior, a new formalism is produced that is more accurate than previous formalisms, particularly in the critical 'transition region' from 0.5 to 2 bars, and that can be used without discontinuity from pressures of zero to hundreds of bars. The new formalism will be useful in such applications as interpretation of radio astronomical and radio occultation data on giant planet atmospheres, and radiative transfer modeling of those atmospheres.

  6. Limitations and plausibility of the Pliocene lignite hypothesis in explaining the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    Maharaj, S V M

    2014-01-01

    Background: Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic, tubulointerstitial renal disease often accompanied by urothelial cancer that has a lethality of nearly 100%. Introduction: One of the many factors that have been proposed to play an etiological role in BEN is exposure to organic compounds from Pliocene lignite coal deposits via the drinking water in endemic areas. Objectives: The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate the role of the tenets of the Pliocene lignite hypothesis in the etiology of BEN in order to provide an improved understanding of the hypothesis for colleagues and patients alike. Methods: A comprehensive compilation of the possible limitations of the hypothesis, with each limitation addressed in turn is presented. Results: The Pliocene lignite hypothesis can best account for, is consistent with, or has the potential to explain the evidence associated with the myriad of factors related to BEN. Conclusions: Residents of endemic areas are exposed to complex mixtures containing hundreds of organic compounds at varying doses and their potentially more toxic (including nephrotoxic) and/or carcinogenic metabolites; however, a multifactorial etiology of BEN appears most likely. PMID:24075451

  7. HLB1 Is a Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domain-Containing Protein That Operates at the Intersection of the Exocytic and Endocytic Pathways at the TGN/EE in Arabidopsis.

    PubMed

    Sparks, J Alan; Kwon, Taegun; Renna, Luciana; Liao, Fuqi; Brandizzi, Federica; Blancaflor, Elison B

    2016-03-01

    The endomembrane system plays essential roles in plant development, but the proteome responsible for its function and organization remains largely uncharacterized in plants. Here, we identified and characterized the HYPERSENSITIVE TO LATRUNCULIN B1 (HLB1) protein isolated through a forward-genetic screen in Arabidopsis thaliana for mutants with heightened sensitivity to actin-disrupting drugs. HLB1 is a plant-specific tetratricopeptide repeat domain-containing protein of unknown function encoded by a single Arabidopsis gene. HLB1 associated with the trans-Golgi network (TGN)/early endosome (EE) and tracked along filamentous actin, indicating that it could link post-Golgi traffic with the actin cytoskeleton in plants. HLB1 was found to interact with the ADP-ribosylation-factor guanine nucleotide exchange factor, MIN7/BEN1 (HOPM INTERACTOR7/BREFELDIN A-VISUALIZED ENDOCYTIC TRAFFICKING DEFECTIVE1) by coimmunoprecipitation. The min7/ben1 mutant phenocopied the mild root developmental defects and latrunculin B hypersensitivity of hlb1, and analyses of ahlb1/ min7/ben1 double mutant showed that hlb1 and min7/ben1 operate in common genetic pathways. Based on these data, we propose that HLB1 together with MIN7/BEN1 form a complex with actin to modulate the function of the TGN/EE at the intersection of the exocytic and endocytic pathways in plants. © 2016 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.

  8. Molecular insight into the enhancement of benzene-carbon nanotube interactions by surface modification for drug delivery systems (DDS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Jianghao; Liu, Xiaoshan; Zhu, Zhu; Wang, Ning; Sun, Wenjing; Chen, Congmei; He, Zhiwei

    2017-09-01

    Anthracyclines are effective anticancer drugs but have drawbacks including systemic toxicity and drug resistance. Delivering them directly to the tumor may improve therapeutic efficacy and reduce adverse effects. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can act as excellent drug delivery systems (DDS), but pristine CNTs have inert surfaces, which contributes poor drug loading capacity and limits dispersion. In this study, we designed a series of functionalized CNTs (f-CNTs) with anchored hydrophilic groups (OH, COOH, and NH2) by substitutional doping of the CNT lattice (DNT) using N or B atoms or the combination of both. The aromatic compound benzene (Ben) was selected as a model for anthracycline drugs. The effect of CNT curvature, chemical groups (CGs), and doping on the Ben-CNTs interactions was studied using quantum chemistry calculations. Our results show that π-π interactions between Ben and CNTs are influenced by CNT curvature. When the CNTs were functionalized only with CGs and not doped, the system was unstable, resulting in weak Ben-CNT interactions. However, anchoring CGs on DNTs greatly enhanced the Ben-CNT interactions. CNTs with good affinity for drug molecules, improved solubility, and lower tendency to aggregate have potential as DDS for enhancing the efficacy of medicines. We believe that these studies have general applicability and anticipate that our findings will motivate additional theoretical and experimental studies on the biology and chemistry of CNTs as DDS.

  9. A comparative study of oxygen-doped and pure beryllium clusters based on structural, energetic and electronic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Jin-Ye; Wu, Di; Li, Ying; Li, Zhi-Ru

    2017-04-01

    The lowest-energy structures of the oxygen-doped Ben (n = 1-12) clusters are obtained at the B3PW91 level. Various energetic and electronic properties of the BenO clusters are systematically investigated using the QCISD(T) method, which are compared with those of pure Ben+1 clusters. The evolution of these properties with cluster size shows the unique stability of Be11O, which can actually be considered as an ionic compound (Be11)2+O2-. On the one hand, O2- has 8 valence electrons, satisfying the octet rule. On the other hand, the Be112+ moiety has a shell-closed electronic configuration, which renders itself particularly stable.

  10. The etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: Still more questions than answers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tatu, C.A.; Orem, W.H.; Finkelman, R.B.; Feder, G.L.

    1998-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) has attracted increasing attention as a possible environmental disease, and a significant amount of research from complementary scientific fields has been dedicated to its etiology. There are two actual competing theories attempting to explain the cause of this kidney disease: 1) the mycotoxin hypothesis, which considers that BEN is produced by ochratoxin A ingested intermittently in small amounts by the individuals in the endemic regions, and 2) the Pliocene lignite hypothesis, which proposes that the disease is caused by long-term exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other toxic organic compounds leaching into the well drinking water from low rank coals underlying or proximal to the endemic settlements. We outline the current developments and future prospects in the study of BEN and differentiate possible factors and cofactors in disease etiology.

  11. Serum antibodies to papova viruses (BK and SV 40) in subjects from the area with Balkan endemic nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Stoian, M; Hozoc, M; Iosipenco, M; Nastac, E; Melencu, M

    1983-01-01

    The presence of antibodies to BK virus and SV40 was investigated in 63 patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) and in 83 apparently healthy subjects from the endemic area. Serum antibodies to BK virus were detected in 95.2% of the former and in 74.7% of the latter, high antibody levels being prevalent in the age groups 41-60 years. Antibodies to SV40 were absent in the BEN patients and their frequency in the healthy subjects (27.7%) was much lower than that previously recorded in healthy persons from other zones of Romania (40%). The results obtained plead for a prevalence of BK virus infection in the endemic area with BEN.

  12. The etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: still more questions than answers.

    PubMed Central

    Tatu, C A; Orem, W H; Finkelman, R B; Feder, G L

    1998-01-01

    Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) has attracted increasing attention as a possible environmental disease, and a significant amount of research from complementary scientific fields has been dedicated to its etiology. There are two actual competing theories attempting to explain the cause of this kidney disease: 1) the mycotoxin hypothesis, which considers that BEN is produced by ochratoxin A ingested intermittently in small amounts by the individuals in the endemic regions, and 2) the Pliocene lignite hypothesis, which proposes that the disease is caused by long-term exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other toxic organic compounds leaching into the well drinking water from low rank coals underlying or proximal to the endemic settlements. We outline the current developments and future prospects in the study of BEN and differentiate possible factors and cofactors in disease etiology. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 PMID:9799184

  13. A Littoral Combat Ship Manpower Analysis Using The Fleet Response Training Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    BDO ENCS ENCS ENCS BDC ENC_1 ENC_1 ENC_1 ENC_2 ENC_2 ENC_2 BCX EN1 EN1 EN1 BDC BDO LHR LHR LHR LHR LHR LHR...QMC BMC BMC BMC MN1_1 MN1_1 MN1_1 SAF MN1_2 MN1_2 MN1_2 LHR LHR LHR SAF SAF GMC BCX BCX BCX GM1 CHENG MPA BEN BEN BEN SAF BDO BDO BDO ENCS BDC BDC...BDC ENC_1 ENC_2 BCX BCX BCX EN1 BDC BDC BDC DCC BDO BDO BDO LHR SKC LHR LHR LHR MOBSCert 115 SWCert SWCert SWCert SWCert SWCert

  14. Bias-enhanced nucleation of diamond on iridium: A comprehensive study of the first stages by sequential surface analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chavanne, A.; Arnault, J.-C.; Barjon, J.; Arabski, J.

    2011-03-01

    The chemical evolution of the iridium surface along the successive steps of BEN was investigated using electron spectroscopy techniques (XPS, AES). To this end, a sequential study was carried out in an UHV analysis chamber connected to a MPCVD reactor. First, experimental results were obtained on iridium surfaces exposed to a methane plasma without bias. They show a sp 2 carbon layer formation on iridium, probably due to the segregation during cooling of carbon solubilized at high temperature in iridium. In this scenario, the iridium surface would be uncovered by carbon as BEN starts. Then, the consequences of BEN were observed: (i) formation of a thicker carbon layer at the iridium surface due to carbon segregation and sub-implantation (ii) chemical modification of iridium neighboring within the first nanometers; (iii) diamond nucleation.

  15. Psychological therapy for psychogenic amnesia: Successful treatment in a single case study.

    PubMed

    Cassel, Anneli; Humphreys, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Psychogenic amnesia is widely understood to be a memory impairment of psychological origin that occurs as a response to severe stress. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychological therapy approaches in the treatment of this disorder. The current article describes a single case, "Ben", who was treated with formulation-driven psychological therapy using techniques drawn from cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for psychogenic amnesia. Before treatment, Ben exhibited isolated retrograde and anterograde memory impairments. He received 12 therapy sessions that targeted experiential avoidance followed by two review sessions, six weeks and five months later. Ben's retrograde and anterograde memory impairments improved following therapy to return to within the "average" to "superior" ranges, which were maintained at follow-up. Further experimental single case study designs and larger group studies are required to advance the understanding of the effectiveness and efficacy of psychological therapy for psychogenic amnesia.

  16. Many-body forces and electron correlation in small metal clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaplan, Ilya G.; Hernández-Cobos, Jorge; Ortega-Blake, Iván; Novaro, Octavio

    1996-04-01

    The many-body decomposition of the interaction energy for BeN and LiN (N=2 to 4) clusters is calculated in two approximations: the self-consistent-field method and the Mo/ller-Plesset perturbation theory up to the fourth order. This allows us to estimate the electron-correlation contributions to the many-body forces. The explicit expressions for these contributions in the perturbation theory formalism are obtained. We present a comparative analysis of the role of electron correlations in the BeN and LiN cluster formations and in the many-body interactions in these clusters. As follows from our results, the contribution of electron correlation to many-body interactions is essential for both the BeN and LiN clusters, especially for the latter ones, where nonadditivities are surprisingly large.

  17. Comparability of scores on the MMPI-2-RF scales generated with the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF booklets.

    PubMed

    Van der Heijden, P T; Egger, J I M; Derksen, J J L

    2010-05-01

    In most validity studies on the recently released 338-item MMPI-2 (Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989) Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008; Tellegen & Ben-Porath, 2008), scale scores were derived from the 567-item MMPI-2 booklet. In this study, we evaluated the comparability of the MMPI-2-RF scale scores derived from the original 567-item MMPI-2 booklet with MMPI-2-RF scale scores derived from the 338-item MMPI-2-RF booklet in a Dutch student sample (N = 107). We used a counterbalanced (ABBA) design. We compared results with those previously reported by Tellegen and Ben-Porath (2008). Our findings support the comparability of the scores of the 338-item version and the 567-item version of the 50 MMPI-2-RF scales. We discuss clinical implications and directions for further research.

  18. [Leaf anatomic studies in solanaceae of Venezuela. VI. Leaf anatomy of 10 species of Cestrum L].

    PubMed

    Jáuregui, D; de Ríos, N R; Benítez de Rojas, C E

    2001-01-01

    The leaf anatomy of Cestrum acuminatissimum Dunal, C. alternifolium (Jacq.) O.E. Schulz, C. glabrescens (C.V. Morton) Steyerm. et Maguire, C. imbricatum Rusby, C. Iatifolium Lam., C. neblinense D'Arcy et Benítez, C. ruizteranianum Benítez et D'Arcy, C. schulzianum Francey, C. tillettii Benítez et D'Arcy y C. tubulosum Sendtner, is described in order to value its diagnostic characters useful as source of data in the taxonomy of the Solanaceae. The material was obtained from specimens deposited in MY herbarium, coming from different geographical areas of Venezuela, and it was prepared according the classical methodology used in leaf anatomy studies. The results obtained have, besides the common features mentions for other species of the genus Cestrum, some differences in: types and density of trichomes, thickness and sinuousities of the cell wall, stomata position, as well as in the distribution of esclerenchymatous cells of the mesophyll, midvein petiole.

  19. Quadricoccus australiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a beta-proteobacterium from activated sludge biomass.

    PubMed

    Maszenan, A M; Seviour, R J; Patel, B K C; Schumann, P

    2002-01-01

    A gram-negative coccus, designated strain Ben 117T, was obtained in axenic culture by micromanipulation from an Australian activated sludge biomass sample, which had been subjected to chlorination in order to alleviate problems associated with foaming and bulking. This isolate was a strict aerobe and grew in axenic culture, also appearing in biomass samples as cocci or clusters of cocci in tetrads, thus resembling the morphotype 'G-bacteria' seen commonly in activated sludge samples. Strain Ben 117T was non-motile, aerobic, oxidase-negative and catalase-positive and grew between 15 and 30 degrees C, with an optimum of 25-30 degrees C. The pH range for growth was between 6.0 and 8.5, with an optimum of 7.5-8.5. The isolate stained positively for intracellular polyphosphate and poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate and its G+C content was 67 mol%. 16S rDNA sequence analysis suggests that strain Ben 117T is phylogenetically different from members of the genera Amaricoccus, gram-negative 'G-bacteria' isolated previously in this laboratory. Ben 117T is a member of the Rhodocyclus group in the beta-Proteobacteria and equidistantly placed (similarity value of 95%) between Ferribacterium limneticum and Dechloromonas agitata (mean similarity value of 92% with the genus Rhodocyclus). Based on phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence, it is proposed that strain Ben 117T be designated a novel species in a new genus, Quadricoccus australiensis gen. nov., sp. nov.; the type strain is Ben 117T (= NCIMB 13738T = CIP 107055T).

  20. Organic compounds in water extracts of coal: links to Balkan endemic nephropathy.

    PubMed

    Maharaj, S V M; Orem, W H; Tatu, C A; Lerch, H E; Szilagyi, D N

    2014-02-01

    The Pliocene lignite hypothesis is an environmental hypothesis that has been proposed to explain the etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN). Aqueous leaching experiments were conducted on a variety of coal samples in order to simulate groundwater leaching of organic compounds, and to further test the role of the Pliocene lignite hypothesis in the etiology of BEN. Experiments were performed on lignite coal samples from endemic BEN areas in Romania and Serbia, and lignite and bituminous coals from nonendemic regions in Romania and the USA. Room temperature, hot water bath, and Soxhlet aqueous extraction experiments were conducted between 25 and 80 °C, and from 5 to 128 days in duration. A greater number of organic compounds and in higher concentrations were present in all three types of leaching experiments involving endemic area Pliocene lignite samples compared to all other coals examined. A BEN causing molecule or molecules may be among phenols, PAHs, benzenes, and/or lignin degradation compounds. The proposed transport pathway of the Pliocene lignite hypothesis for organic compound exposure from endemic area Pliocene lignite coals to well and spring drinking water, is likely. Aromatic compounds leached by groundwater from Pliocene lignite deposits in the vicinity of endemic BEN areas may play a role in the etiology of the disease. A better understanding of organic compounds leached by groundwater from Pliocene lignite deposits may potentially lead to the identification and implementation of effective strategies for the prevention of exposure to the causative agent(s) for BEN, and in turn, prevention of the disease.

  1. Post-transplant bendamustine reduces GvHD while preserving GvL in experimental haploidentical bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Stokes, Jessica; Hoffman, Emely A; Zeng, Yi; Larmonier, Nicolas; Katsanis, Emmanuel

    2016-07-01

    Advances in haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (h-BMT) have drastically broadened the treatment options for patients requiring BMT. The possibility of significantly reducing the complications resulting from graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) with the administration of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) has substantially improved the efficacy and applicability of T cell-replete h-BMT. However, higher frequency of disease recurrence remains a major challenge in h-BMT with PT-CY. There is a critical need to identify novel strategies to prevent GvHD while sparing the graft-versus-leukaemia (GvL) effect in h-BMT. To this end, we evaluated the impact of bendamustine (BEN), given post-transplant, on GvHD and GvL using clinically relevant murine h-BMT models. We provide results indicating that post-transplant bendamustine (PT-BEN) alleviates GvHD, significantly improving survival, while preserving engraftment and GvL effects. We further document that PT-BEN can mitigate GvHD even in the absence of Treg. Our results also indicate that PT-BEN is less myelosuppressive than PT-CY, significantly increasing the number and proportion of CD11b(+) Gr-1(hi) cells, while decreasing lymphoid cells. In vitro we observed that BEN enhances the suppressive function of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) while impairing the proliferation of T- and B-cells. These results advocate for the consideration of PT-BEN as a new therapeutic platform for clinical implementation in h-BMT. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Histone deacetylase inhibitor AR-42 differentially affects cell cycle transit in meningeal and meningioma cells, potently inhibiting NF2-deficient meningioma growth

    PubMed Central

    Burns, Sarah S.; Akhmametyeva, Elena M.; Oblinger, Janet L.; Bush, Matthew L.; Huang, Jie; Senner, Volker; Chen, Ching-Shih; Jacob, Abraham; Welling, D. Bradley; Chang, Long-Sheng

    2012-01-01

    Meningiomas constitute ~34% of primary intracranial tumors and are associated with increased mortality in NF2 patients. To evaluate potential medical therapies for these tumors, we have established a quantifiable orthotopic model for NF2-deficient meningiomas. We showed that telomerase-immortalized Ben-Men-1 benign meningioma cells harbored a single nucleotide deletion in NF2 exon 7 and did not express the NF2 protein, merlin. We also demonstrated that AR-42, a pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor, inhibited proliferation of both Ben-Men-1 and normal meningeal cells by increasing expression of p16INK4A, p21CIP1/WAF1, and p27KIP1. Also, AR-42 increased pro-apoptotic Bim expression and decreased anti-apoptotic BclXL levels. However, AR-42 predominantly arrested Ben-Men-1 cells at G2/M, while inducing cell-cycle arrest at G1 in meningeal cells. Consistently, AR-42 substantially decreased the levels of cyclin D1, E, and A, and PCNA in meningeal cells while significantly reducing the expression of cyclin B, important for progression through G2, in Ben-Men-1 cells. In addition, AR-42 decreased Aurora A and B expression. To compare the in vivo efficacies of AR-42 and AR-12, a PDK1 inhibitor, we generated and used luciferase-expressing Ben-Men-1-LucB cells to establish intracranial xenografts that grew over time. While AR-12 treatment moderately slowed tumor growth, AR-42 caused regression of Ben-Men-1-LucB tumors. Importantly, AR-42-treated tumors showed minimal regrowth when xenograft-bearing mice were switched to normal diet. Together, these results suggest that AR-42 is a potential therapy for meningiomas. The differential effect of AR-42 on cell-cycle progression of normal meningeal and meningioma cells may have implications for why AR-42 is well-tolerated while it potently inhibits tumor growth. PMID:23151902

  3. Whole genome methylation array analysis reveals new aspects in Balkan endemic nephropathy etiology

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) represents a chronic progressive interstitial nephritis in striking correlation with uroepithelial tumours of the upper urinary tract. The disease has endemic distribution in the Danube river regions in several Balkan countries. DNA methylation is a primary epigenetic modification that is involved in major processes such as cancer, genomic imprinting, gene silencing, etc. The significance of CpG island methylation status in normal development, cell differentiation and gene expression is widely recognized, although still stays poorly understood. Methods We performed whole genome DNA methylation array analysis on DNA pool samples from peripheral blood from 159 affected individuals and 170 healthy individuals. This technique allowed us to determine the methylation status of 27 627 CpG islands throughout the whole genome in healthy controls and BEN patients. Thus we obtained the methylation profile of BEN patients from Bulgarian and Serbian endemic regions. Results Using specifically developed software we compared the methylation profiles of BEN patients and corresponding controls and revealed the differently methylated regions. We then compared the DMRs between all patient-control pairs to determine common changes in the epigenetic profiles. SEC61G, IL17RA, HDAC11 proved to be differently methylated throughout all patient-control pairs. The CpG islands of all 3 genes were hypomethylated compared to controls. This suggests that dysregulation of these genes involved in immunological response could be a common mechanism in BEN pathogenesis in both endemic regions and in both genders. Conclusion Our data propose a new hypothesis that immunologic dysregulation has a place in BEN etiopathogenesis. PMID:24131581

  4. Near East/South Asia Report; No. 2802

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    83) 2 Ben-Eli’ezer’s Policy Analyzed ( David Richardson; THE JERUSALEM POST, 22 Jul 83) 9 Arrangement With Agudat Yisra’el To Affect...CSO: 4400/437 ISRAEL BEN-ELI’EZER’S POLICY ANALYZED TA220736 Jerusalem THE JERUSALEM POST in English 22 Jul 83 p 7 [Commentary by David ...no more than the beginning of a new cycle of events similar to the 5 years of decline in relations which followed the Camp David accords. In

  5. NASA Lewis and Ohio Company Hit Hole in One

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Ben Hogan Company's Golf Ball Division, which is based in Elyria, Ohio, had developed concepts and prototypes for new golf balls but was unable to determine exact performance characteristics. Specifically, the company's R&D department wanted to measure the spin rates of experimental golf balls. After the Golf Ball Division requested assistance, researchers and technicians from the NASA Lewis Research Center went to Elyria and conducted several days worth of tests. Ben Hogan is using the test results to improve the spin characteristics of a new ball it plans to introduce to the market.

  6. Efficacy of Light and Nonlighted Carbon Dioxide-Baited Traps for Adult Sand Fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) Surveillance in Three Counties of Mesrata, Libya

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    and mean monthly temperatures from 14.8uC to 25.9uC (WorldClim 2005). An abun- dance of halophyte plants, namely Zizyphus lotus L. (Rhamnaceae) and...official duties. REFERENCES CITED Alexander B. 2000. Sampling methods for phleboto- mine sandflies . Med Vet Entomol 14:109–122. Ashford RW, Chance ML...Ftaiti A, Ben-Ishmail R. 1993. Leishman- iasis in Lybia and studies on sandflies . Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis 70:465–466. El-Buni AA, Jabeal I, Ben-Darif AT

  7. Dual delivery systems based on polyamine analog BENSpm as prodrug and gene delivery vectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Yu

    Combination drug and gene therapy shows promise in cancer treatment. However, the success of such strategy requires careful selection of the therapeutic agents, as well as development of efficient delivery vectors. BENSpm (N 1, N11-bisethylnorspermine), a polyamine analogue targeting the intracellular polyamine pathway, draws our special attention because of the following reasons: (1) polyamine pathway is frequently dysregulated in cancer; (2) BENSpm exhibits multiple functions to interfere with the polyamine pathway, such as to up-regulate polyamine metabolism enzymes and down-regulate polyamine biosynthesis enzymes. Therefore BENSpm depletes all natural polyamines and leads to apoptosis and cell growth inhibition in a wide range of cancers; (3) preclinical studies proved that BENSpm can act synergistically with various chemotherapy agents, making it a promising candidate in combination therapy; (4) multiple positive charges in BENSpm enable it as a suitable building block for cationic polymers, which can be further applied to gene delivery. In this dissertation, our goal was to design dual-function delivery vector based on BENSpm that can function as a gene delivery vector and, after intracellular degradation, as an active anticancer agent targeting dysregulated polyamine metabolism. We first demonstrated strong synergism between BENSpm and a potential therapeutic gene product TRAIL. Strong synergism was obtained in both estrogen-dependent MCF-7 breast cancer cells and triple-negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Significant dose reduction of TRAIL in combination with BENSpm in MDA-MB-231 cells, together with the fact that BENSpm rendered MCF-7 cells more sensitive to TRAIL treatment verified our rationale of designing BENSpm-based delivery platform. This was expected to be beneficial for overcoming drug resistance in chemotherapy, as well as boosting the therapeutic effect of therapeutic genes. We first designed a lipid-based BENSpm dual vector (Lipo-SS-BEN

  8. Effect of 3C-SiC(100) initial surface stoichiometry on bias enhanced diamond nucleation

    SciTech Connect

    Arnault, J. C.; Intiso, L.; Saada, S.; Delclos, S.; Bergonzo, P.; Polini, R.

    2007-01-22

    Two 3C-SiC(100) reconstructed surfaces have been exposed to bias enhanced nucleation (BEN) treatments performed in a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor. For both BEN steps, a significant enhancement of the diamond nucleation density has been observed on the initial C-terminated surface compared to the Si-rich surface. Samples have been characterized by in situ surface analysis, namely, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray Auger electron spectroscopy, and by field emission gun scanning electron microscopy.

  9. Voltammetric and RP-LC assay for determination of benidipine HCl.

    PubMed

    Karadas, Nurgul; Sanli, Senem; Gumustas, Mehmet; Ozkan, Sibel A

    2012-07-01

    The detailed electrooxidative behavior of benidipine (BEN) has been studied by using glassy carbon (GC) and boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes. Using cyclic voltammetry, depending on the pH values and the working electrodes, BEN showed one or two sharp and irreversible oxidation responses. The voltammetric experiments on some model compounds allowed elucidation of the oxidation mechanism of BEN. Highly sensitive, selective, rapid, and fully validated voltammetric methods for the determination of BEN in tablet dosage form were also presented. Under optimized conditions, the peak current showed a linear dependence with concentration in the range between 3.25 μg mL(-1) and 54.20 μg mL(-1) for GC and 1.08 μg mL(-1) and 54.20 μg mL(-1) for BDD electrodes by using differential pulse (DPV) and square wave (SWV) voltammetric techniques. In this study, acid dissociation constant (pK(a)) value of BEN was determined by using the dependence of the retention factor on the pH of the mobile phase using reverse phase-liquid chromatographic (RP-LC) method. The effect of the composition of the mobile phase on the ionization constant was studied by measuring the pK(a) at different acetonitrile-water mixtures, ranging between 50 and 65% (v/v). Also simple, accurate, precise and fully validated RP-LC method for the assay of BEN in dosage form has been developed. XTerra RP-18 column at 25 °C with the mobile phase of acetonitrile:water 55:45 (v/v) adjusted to pH 3.0 with 15 mM o-phosphoric acid was used. Isocratic elution was performed in less than 5.0 min with a flow rate of 1.0 mL min(-1). The RP-LC method allowed quantitation over the 0.25-15.00 μg mL(-1) range for BEN. The proposed voltammetric and RP-LC methods allow a number of cost and time saving benefits. BEN was also exposed to thermal, photolytic, oxidative stress, acid-base catalyzed hydrolyses, and the stressed samples were detected by the proposed RP-LC method. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. A Cultural Resources Inventory of Proposed Recreation Areas, Lake Oahe: Emmons, Morton, and Sioux Counties, North Dakota. Volume 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    Dakota 32S17 Ben Standing MBP Hoffman 1965 EMM Hoffman n.d. Soldier 32S18 Jerome Standing SHSND Scheans 1957 EMM, Scheans 1957 Soldier Historic Dakota...variant 𔃽 o i 5- I - ,I I ", -.. ,. S S .* - -I. - S. S .Q 55 *, • . Havens Fire Heart Creek Paul Brave Ben Standing Soldier Jerome Standing Soldier...Porcupine Creeks, just north of the town of Fort Yates: the Young component at the Porcupine Creek site, 32S16; the Greybear component at Jerome

  11. Environmental Assessment for the Expansion of the Yukon Measurement and Debriefing System in the Fox and Yukon MOAs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-01

    and short-tailed weasel . 3.2.2.5 Some of the more important waterfowl habitat in the region is the Nelchina Basin located approximately 75 miles...to Gov’t. Consultation Darin Gene Native Village of Gakona DoD Gov’t. to Gov’t. Consultation Ben Saylor Healy Lake Village DoD Gov’t. to Gov’t...that there are no cultural resource concerns for this location. FR This location on Round Mountain is nmih of Ben French’s Cabin ( 49 GUL 269

  12. NASA Lewis and Ohio Company Hit Hole in One

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1998-01-01

    Ben Hogan Company's Golf Ball Division, which is based in Elyria, Ohio, had developed concepts and prototypes for new golf balls but was unable to determine exact performance characteristics. Specifically, the company's R&D department wanted to measure the spin rates of experimental golf balls. After the Golf Ball Division requested assistance, researchers and technicians from the NASA Lewis Research Center went to Elyria and conducted several days worth of tests. Ben Hogan is using the test results to improve the spin characteristics of a new ball it plans to introduce to the market.

  13. O(log2 n) Time Efficient Parallel Factorization of Dense, Sparse Separable, and Banded Matrices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-04-11

    1, and compute Q, which is an orthogonal matrix. Note: if A is symmetric, then H is tridiagonal. Note: The Krylov matriz of an n x n matrix A and n... BC 66], and Hotelling [H 43,Ht 43) for sequential Newton iteration and Pan and Reif [PR 85,PR 89] for parallel appli- cations) generates a sequence of...B66] A.Ben-Israel, A note on iterative method for generalized in- version of matrices, Math. Comput. (1966), 439-440. ( BC 66] A.Ben-lsrael and

  14. Benjamin P. Flower (1962-2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hastings, David W.; Shevenell, Amelia E.; Kennett, James P.

    2012-10-01

    Benjamin P. Flower, a gifted paleoceanographer and marine geologist, supportive colleague, and dedicated educator at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Marine Science (CMS) passed away on 1 July 2012 from complications related to a rare genetic immune dysfunction, Common Variable Immunodeficiency. He was 49 years old. During his brief illness, Ben's love of life and boundless high spirits were an inspiration to his family, friends, and colleagues. He exhibited remarkable courage and kept his sense of humor in face of adversity. Ben's intellectualism and enduring love of science remained intact, even in his last hours.

  15. Generation of Broadband Electrostatic Waves in Earth's Magnetotail

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grabbe, Crockett

    2000-04-01

    The theory that broad-band electrostatic waves (BEN) in Earth's magnetotail are trapped-electron (``BGK'') modes is reexamined. Electron/ion beams analyzed for a realistic magnetized-plasma source model with κ distributions are found to drive an unstable spectrum of broad angular range over several orders of magnitude in f, up to \\(0.1-0.2\\)fpe. Analysis indicates that trapping essential for the BGK paradigm is good only at the highest f, whereas most of the spectrum has minimal trapping and can be driven by electron/ion beam instabilities. A new model is proposed in which trapped-electron modes exist only at the highest f band, whereas electron/ion beam instabilities drive the bulk of the broad-band spectrum below that. BEN wave data from ISEE-1 and ISEE-3 show large angles of propagation with respect to the magnetic field for ffce is observed only in a narrow angular range around the magnetic field and may be BGK modes. This predicts that the BEN solitary waves in the source region are not in BEN well into the lobe.

  16. Generation of broadband electrostatic waves in Earth's magnetotail.

    PubMed

    Grabbe, C

    2000-04-17

    The theory that broad-band electrostatic waves (BEN) in Earth's magnetotail are trapped-electron ("BGK") modes is reexamined. Electron/ion beams analyzed for a realistic magnetized-plasma source model with kappa distributions are found to drive an unstable spectrum of broad angular range over several orders of magnitude in f, up to (0.1-0.2)f(pe). Analysis indicates that trapping essential for the BGK paradigm is good only at the highest f, whereas most of the spectrum has minimal trapping and can be driven by electron/ion beam instabilities. A new model is proposed in which trapped-electron modes exist only at the highest f band, whereas electron/ion beam instabilities drive the bulk of the broad-band spectrum below that. BEN wave data from ISEE-1 and ISEE-3 show large angles of propagation with respect to the magnetic field for ff(ce) is observed only in a narrow angular range around the magnetic field and may be BGK modes. This predicts that the BEN solitary waves in the source region are not in BEN well into the lobe.

  17. Fine-Scale Variability in Temperature, Salinity, and pH in the Upper-Ocean and the Effects on Acoustic Transmission Loss in the Western Arctic Ocean.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    150m. 47 D. RAY MODEL The ray model used was based on an Eigenray model developed by Prof. John Colosi and modified by Ben Jones from the Naval...possible eigenrays , sixty launch angles were selected for the model runs, from -15˚ to +15˚. Three source depths (50m, 100m, and 150m) were evaluated in

  18. Wernher von Braun

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1969-07-01

    This photograph depicts Dr. von Braun (fourth from far right) and other NASA officials surveying the deep-sea research submarine "Ben Franklin." Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  19. Skylab

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1969-07-01

    In this photograph, the deep-sea Research Submarine "Ben Franklin" drifts off the East Coast of the United States (U.S.) prior to submerging into the ocean. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  20. Skylab

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1969-07-01

    This is an aerial view of the deep-sea research submarine "Ben Franklin" at dock. Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  1. Wernher von Braun

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1969-07-01

    This photograph depicts Dr. von Braun (at right, showing his back) and other NASA officials surveying the deep-sea research submarine "Ben Franklin." Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep-ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effects of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  2. Skylab

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1969-07-01

    This is an interior view of the living quarters of the deep-sea research submarine "Ben Franklin." Named for American patriot and inventor Ben Franklin, who discovered the Gulf Steam, the 50-foot Ben Franklin was built between 1966 and 1968 in Switzerland for deep- ocean explorer Jacques Piccard and the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation. The submersible made a famous 30-day drift dive off the East Coast of the United States and Canada in 1969 mapping the Gulf Stream's currents and sea life, and also made space exploration history by studying the behavior of aquanauts in a sealed, self-contained, self-sufficient capsule for NASA. On July 14, 1969, the Ben Franklin was towed to the high-velocity center of the Stream off the coast of Palm Beach, Florida. With a NASA observer on board, the sub descended to 1,000 feet off of Riviera Beach, Florida and drifted 1,400 miles north with the current for more than four weeks, reemerging near Maine. During the course of the dive, NASA conducted exhaustive analyses of virtually every aspect of onboard life. They measured sleep quality and patterns, sense of humor and behavioral shifts, physical reflexes, and the effect of a long-term routine on the crew. The submarine's record-shattering dive influenced the design of Apollo and Skylab missions and continued to guide NASA scientists as they devised future marned space-flight missions.

  3. Comparison of thermal inactivation kinetics of E. coli K12 in apple cider using conventional glass tubes, aluminum thermal-death-time disks, and a pilot-scale pasteurizer

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    To estimate thermal inactivation rates of microorganisms in food, heating apparatuses of bench-top scale such as glass tubes, capillary tubes, and aluminum disks have been developed and tested. However, little work has been done on comparing the thermal inactivation of microorganisms obtained by ben...

  4. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 1, Number 1, April 1995

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-04-01

    4 Notifiable sexually transmitted diseases ....................... 6 Influenza-like illness, Ft Benning...Summary Reports submitted by MTF ................................. 14 Notifiable sexually transmitted diseases ............. 15 All notifiable... sexually transmitted diseases, United States Army. March, 1995 Reporting Chlamydia Gonorrhea Herpes Simplex Syphilis Prim/Sec Syphilis Latent Urethritis non

  5. Older People and Their Attitude to the Use of Information and Communication Technologies--A Review Study with Special Focus on the Czech Republic (Older People and Their Attitude to ICT)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klimova, Blanka; Simonova, Ivana; Poulova, Petra; Truhlarova, Zuzana; Kuca, Kamil

    2016-01-01

    Rising standards of living and good quality health care have contributed to people living longer. According to the Eurostat agency (Benácová & Valenta, 2009), in the next 50 years there will be twice as many older people worldwide. The aging process, however, brings about new economic and social issues. Therefore, there is constant effort to…

  6. Operating System Support for Shared Hardware Data Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-31

    for enduring and passing lessons learned, and to Ric and Ben for following and providing me with retrospective. To my grandparents, Laird and Marcia...Zhang, John B. Carter, Ali Ibrahim, and Michael A. Parker . Active memory operations. In Proceedings of the 21st annual international conference on

  7. Biological Sciences and Bioelectromagnetics in Europe: Summary Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-08-26

    and medical recalcitrant decubitus ulcers (bedsores) environments. Surveys have been made on and leg ulcers (of varicose veins ). Ben- board ships and...techniques and methods util- gels for drug delivery (ESN 39-5:187 izing a wide range of synthetic and [1985]). natural materials for use in medicine

  8. 76 FR 22336 - Controlled Groups; Deferral of Losses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...: LPD: PR (REG-118761-09), Internal Revenue Service, PO Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand delivered to: CC:PA:LPD:PR Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-118761-09), Courier's Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111...

  9. An Integration and Evaluation Framework for ESPC Coupled Models

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-30

    Models PI: Ben Kirtman University of Miami – RSMAS Atmospheric Sciences 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway Miami, FL 33149 Phone: (305) 421-4046...annual report. 7 ESPC Testbed: Interactive ensemble Initial prototype of multi- model interactive ensemble coupling infrastructure. Initial...get HYCOM integrated. Enhanced the interactive ensemble so that multiple atmosphere, land and ice component models can be simultaneously coupled

  10. U.S. EPA ACCOUNTABILITY RESEARCH

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Office of Research and Development (ORD) has implemented a program to develop and validate environmental public health indicators. These indicators are intended to reflect the impact on public health that results from environmental decision-making and to help clarify the ben...

  11. Applications to Subseabed Disposal: (ISHTE) - A Model Experiment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    International. Holland; Earl Doyle, Shell Development Company, Texas; Ben C. Gerwick, Jr., University of California; S. K. Gulhati, Indian Institute of...coefficient of vertical EA environmental assessment consolidation FSA fuel sphere assembly g acceleration of gravity GISSP geotechnical in situ... assessing the technologic and environmental feasibility of using geologic formations in the deep ocean as possible disposal sites for nuclear waste (Bishop

  12. Stabilization and Reconstruction Staffing. Developing U.S. Civilian Personnel Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Bran- nan, and Larry Diamond, as well as many others too numerous to mention. We would also like to thank Julia Taft, Chris Hoe , Joe Ben- kert, Don...facilities—plus another 170 border-control experts—simply to teach a new crop of Iraqi police basic policing and administrative skills. Contracted by

  13. Blast Off! The Team America Rocketry Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peckham, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    This article features the team of students from Madison (Wisconsin) West High School who took first place in the Seventh Annual Team America Rocketry Challenge (TARC), earning the title of national champion. The four-member team--Jacqui German, Tenzin Sonam, John Schoech, and Ben Winokur--spent several months perfecting their design after the…

  14. Business Ethics: A View from the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbraith, Diane D.; Webb, Fred L.

    2010-01-01

    The global economy has been devastated in the last year and according to Federal Reserve Chairman, Ben Bernanke, America's economy was threatened, reminiscent of the Great Depression. Our nation is also in a serious ethical and moral decline, as evidenced by steroid use in baseball, corporate scandals, accounting fraud, religious immorality within…

  15. The Fed's Year of Transition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schug, Mark C.; Niederjohn, Scott

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to: (1) Examine the historical development of the Federal Reserve System; (2) Provide background on Ben Bernanke, the new Fed chairman; (3) Explain the basic tools of monetary policy used by the Fed; (4) Examine the causes of the Great Depression, a topic of special interest to Bernanke; and (5) Provide some key…

  16. 75 FR 64719 - National Coal Council; Notice of Open Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-20

    ... Mr. Ben Yamagata, Executive Director of the Coal Utilization Research Council on Carbon Dioxide Emissions Control Research and Development. Presentation by American Electric Power Company on the carbon... on the current Council study on carbon dioxide emissions capture, transport and storage. Other...

  17. Books Day by Day: Anniversaries, Anecdotes, and Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohanian, Susan

    Celebrating centuries of the written word--from the works of Confucius, Shakespeare, and Ben Franklin to the adventures of Nancy Drew and Harry Potter--this book offers a literary smorgasbord of milestones, anecdotes, and quotes, along with smart, fun, practical activities for exploring and enjoying a wide range of literature. More than a calendar…

  18. Testimony Presented at an Open Hearing of the National Commission on Excellence in Teacher Education (Austin, Texas, October 4-5, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1984

    Testimony was presented on various issues of restoring excellence to education. The following papers are included in this document: (1) "The Neglected Obligation of the Teaching Profession" (Richard Swain); (2) "Instructional Supervision for Excellence in Education" (Ben M. Harris); (3) "Competency Testing: Excellence…

  19. Package Deal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, William J.

    2012-01-01

    This article features the Higher Education Recruitment Consortium, or HERC, website, which lists all positions such as custodians, administrators, and other faculty positions at colleges, universities, and research institutions throughout the country. HERC, based in Ben Lomond, California, uses its "dual career" hiring services to help…

  20. Business Ethics: A View from the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbraith, Diane D.; Webb, Fred L.

    2010-01-01

    The global economy has been devastated in the last year and according to Federal Reserve Chairman, Ben Bernanke, America's economy was threatened, reminiscent of the Great Depression. Our nation is also in a serious ethical and moral decline, as evidenced by steroid use in baseball, corporate scandals, accounting fraud, religious immorality within…

  1. A Comparison of Interactive Multimedia Instruction Designs Addressing Soldiers Learning Needs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    condition. Tailored training design features, such as diagnostic assessment and individualized feedback , may support learners with less prior knowledge...down IMI for review. Drs. Glenn Cobb, Jean Dyer, Peter Schaefer, and Scott Graham (ARI-Fort Benning, GA) provided valuable feedback and...individualized feedback . The diagnostic assessment and individualized feedback was intended to assist Soldiers in selecting the most beneficial learning path

  2. The Community College System in North Carolina: A Silver Anniversary History, 1963-1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiggs, Jon Lee

    Documenting the 25-year history of the North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS), this book focuses on each of the successive academic terms from 1963-64 to 1987-88. The chapters are grouped into five sections, corresponding to the lengths of tenure of the five NCCCS presidents: the (Isaac) Ready years from 1963 to 1970; the (Ben) Fountain…

  3. Revisiting Curriculum Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deng, Zongyi

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes the notion of curriculum potential by revisiting the ideas of Miriam Ben-Peretz and Joseph Schwab. Invoking the German "Didaktik" tradition and by way of a curriculum-making framework, the paper argues that interpreting curriculum materials for curriculum potential requires a careful analysis and unpacking of the meanings and…

  4. Titanium nanoparticles (TiO2)/graphene oxide nanosheets (GO): an electrochemical sensing platform for the sensitive and simultaneous determination of benzocaine in the presence of antipyrine.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Mona A; Atty, Shimaa A; Merey, Hanan A; Fattah, Taghreed A; Foster, Christopher W; Banks, Craig E

    2017-10-07

    An effective electrochemical sensing platform for the simultaneous determination of benzocaine (BEN) and antipyrine (ANT) based upon titanium dioxide nanoparticle (TiO2)/graphene oxide nanosheet (GO) bulk modified carbon paste electrodes (TiO2-GO/CPE) is reported. The TiO2-GO/CPE electrochemical sensing platform is found to exhibit linear ranges from 1.0 × 10(-6) to 1.0 × 10(-4) M and 1.2 × 10(-8) to 8.0 × 10(-5) M for BEN and ANT, respectively. The TiO2-GO/CPE sensor is explored towards the analysis of BEN and ANT in oral fluid (saliva) and pharmaceutical products. The synergy between the graphene oxide nanosheets and titanium dioxide nanoparticles results in a dramatic enhancement in the sensitivity of the sensor through a combination of increased surface area and improved electron transfer kinetics compared to other electrode alternatives. The fabricated TiO2-GO/CPE exhibits high sensitivity and good stability towards the sensing of BEN and ANT and has the potential to be utilised as a clinical assay and QA in pharmaceutical products.

  5. Defense Procurement Strategy for a Globalized Industry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    QDR,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 4. 3 Vago Muradain, “Finalizing Transformation,” DefenseNews, 8 November 2004, p. 34. 4 Hugo Posey and Ben...Interavia, Summer 2004, 34-36. Munton, Bob, and Brinley Salzmann. “U.K.’s Growing Contols.” DefenseNews, 25 October 2004, 96. Muradain, Vago

  6. VALUING ACID MINE DRAINAGE REMEDIATION IN WEST VIRGINIA: BENEFIT TRANSFER WITH PREFERENCE CALIBRATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Several thousand kilometers of West Virginia streams are degraded by acid mine drainage (AMD), and the estimates for cleanup range in the billions of dollars. Not enough money is available to restore all the affected streams, so some way to prioritize those streams is needed. Ben...

  7. "I Didn't Used to Have Much Friends": Exploring the Friendship Concepts and Capabilities of a Boy with Autism and Severe Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Whilst progress has been made in understanding the friendships of children with autism, research on the friendships of children with additional learning disabilities remains extremely limited. In this research, a qualitative case study approach provided a rich description of the friendship concepts and capabilities of Ben, a 10-year-old boy with…

  8. Confirmation of delayed canopy wilting QTLs from multiple soybean mapping populations

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for canopy wilting were identified in five recombinant inbred line populations, 93705 KS4895 x Jackson, 08705 KS4895 x Jackson, KS4895 x PI 424140, A5959 x PI 416937, and Benning x PI 416937 in a total of 15 site-years. For most environments, heritability of canopy wil...

  9. Indigenous Knowledge and Science in a Globalized Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regmi, Jagadish; Fleming, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    This forum explores and expands on Ben-Zvi Assaraf, Eshach, Orion, and Alamour's article titled "Cultural Differences and Students' Spontaneous Models of the Water Cycle: A Case Study of Jewish and Bedouin Children in Israel" by examining how indigenous knowledge is appropriated in science classrooms; how students from indigenous…

  10. Rethinking Historical and Cultural Source of Spontaneous Mental Models of Water Cycle: In the Perspective of South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nam, Younkyeong

    2012-01-01

    This review explores Ben-Zvi Assaraf, Eshach, Orion, and Alamour's paper titled "Cultural Differences and Students' Spontaneous Models of the Water Cycle: A Case Study of Jewish and Bedouin Children in Israel" by examining how the authors use the concept of spontaneous mental models to explain cultural knowledge source of Bedouin…

  11. Finding a Light

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang, James M.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author passes along a few pieces of advice from "Tips and Thoughts on Improving the Teaching Process in College: A Personal Diary," a self-published book by Joe Ben Hoyle, an associate professor of accounting at the University of Richmond. He excerpts five tips from the 34 in the book, each of which comes wrapped in a pleasing…

  12. A Comparison between the Generalized Digital Environmental Model and Levitus Climatologies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-15

    that have been taken in situ is pared by Stommel and Fieux [1978] shows no data sets in theEaseof cces todat tht hae ben akenin itu form of global...using the smoothed GDEM are gener- Indian Ocean (Figures 13-17). Difference magnitudes ranged ally less than 10 cm. Two minimums in the spring and up to

  13. Psychometric Properties of the MMPI-2-RF Somatic Complaints (RC1) Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Michael L.; Locke, Dona E. C.

    2010-01-01

    The MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Tellegen & Ben-Porath, 2008) was designed to be psychometrically superior to its MMPI-2 counterpart. However, the test has yet to be extensively evaluated in diverse clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the MMPI-2-RF Somatic Complaints (RC1) scale in…

  14. Predicting Drug Court Treatment Completion Using the MMPI-2-RF

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattson, Curtis; Powers, Bradley; Halfaker, Dale; Akeson, Steven; Ben-Porath, Yossef

    2012-01-01

    We examined the ability of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) substantive scales to predict Drug Court treatment completion in a sample of individuals identified as being at risk for failure to complete the program. Higher scores on MMPI-2-RF scales…

  15. Detection of Overreported Psychopathology with the MMPI-2 RF Form Validity Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellbom, Martin; Bagby, R. Michael

    2010-01-01

    We examined the utility of the validity scales on the recently released Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2 RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) to detect overreported psychopathology. This set of validity scales includes a newly developed scale and revised versions of the original MMPI-2 validity scales. We…

  16. Further Validation of the MMPI-2 And MMPI-2-RF Response Bias Scale: Findings from Disability and Criminal Forensic Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wygant, Dustin B.; Sellbom, Martin; Gervais, Roger O.; Ben-Porath, Yossef S.; Stafford, Kathleen P.; Freeman, David B.; Heilbronner, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    The present study extends the validation of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) Response Bias Scale (RBS; R. O. Gervais, Y. S. Ben-Porath, D. B. Wygant, & P. Green, 2007) in separate forensic samples composed of disability claimants and…

  17. Cholesterol-lowering activity of soy-derived glyceollins in the golden Syrian hamster model

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major factors contributing to the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death in the developed countries. Consumption of soy foods has been recognized to lower the risk of CVD, and phytochemicals in soy may contribute to the health ben...

  18. Formation of Defect-Free Metal/Semiconductor Contacts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-15

    Benning, Yongjun Hu, TJ. Wagener, M.B. Jost, and J.H. Weaver, "Thermally-Reversible Band Bending for BiIGaAs(1 10): Photoemission and Inverse...34Schottky Barrier Formation at Au/ZnSe(100) Interfaces," 35th National Symposium of the American Vacuum Society, Atlanta, October 1988. 14. Yongjun Hu

  19. Education and "Thick" Epistemology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotzee, Ben

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Ben Kotzee addresses the implications of Bernard Williams's distinction between "thick" and "thin" concepts in ethics for epistemology and for education. Kotzee holds that, as in the case of ethics, one may distinguish between "thick" and "thin" concepts of epistemology and, further, that this distinction points to the importance of…

  20. 76 FR 61680 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... Institute for Security Cooperation (ATWI-CO), 7161 Richardson Circle, Building 36, Fort Benning, GA 31905... Conduct; DoD Directive 5105.65, Defense Security Cooperation Agency; DoD Directive 6490.2E, Comprehensive..., Carlisle, PA 17013-5215. Commandant, Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (ATWI-CO),...

  1. Assessment of Small Arms Munitions Impacts on Natural Infrastructure in Sensitive Downrange Areas on Military Installations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-01

    woodpecker nest tree killed in by wildfire in 2010...18 A-4 Different types of tree damage caused by bullet strikes on Fort Benning and Fort Stewart, GA...Multiple forms of tree damage was observed: small scars (A), large cambium cuts (B), bark bullet strikes (C), nodules (D), and broken branches, leader

  2. Telemedia Technology. Telecommunications Study Commission, Working Paper No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairholm, Gilbert W.

    This report presents an overview of the distribution formats for instructional television. While broadcast means of distribution have ben the mainstay of instructional television in the past, there are at least three television technologies that are considered as appropriate delivery mechanisms: over the air transmission, including broadcasting,…

  3. Application of the “4R” nutrient stewardship concept to horticultural crops: getting nutrients in the “right” place

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The 4R nutrient stewardship concept was introduced in 2009 by International Plant Nutrition Institute to define the right source, rate, time, and place to apply fertilizers to produce not only the most economical outcome in any given crop but to also to provide desirable social and environmental ben...

  4. "I Didn't Used to Have Much Friends": Exploring the Friendship Concepts and Capabilities of a Boy with Autism and Severe Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Whilst progress has been made in understanding the friendships of children with autism, research on the friendships of children with additional learning disabilities remains extremely limited. In this research, a qualitative case study approach provided a rich description of the friendship concepts and capabilities of Ben, a 10-year-old boy with…

  5. Methods for Minimization and Management of Variability in Long Term Groundwater Monitoring Results

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    Term Groundwater Monitoring Results June 2015 This report was prepared under contract to the Department of Defense Strategic Environmental Research...used in demonstration program.......................... 13  Figure 2. Use of SNAP sampler to collect groundwater samples...Julia M. Small ( groundwater sampling and data analysis); and Ben T. Medina ( groundwater sampling). This page left blank intentionally. ES-1

  6. Deteriorated Concrete from Liner of WIPP Waste Shaft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    for US Department of Energy. Bensted, J. 1989. "Novel Cements - Sorel and Related Chemical Cements," il Cemento , Vol 86, No. 4, pp 217-228. Ben-Yair, M...Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Massazza, F. 1985. "Concrete Resistance to Sea Water and Marine Environment," il Cemento , Vol 82, No. 1, pp 3-26. Mather

  7. Hey! A Brown Recluse Spider Bit Me!

    MedlinePlus

    ... putting them on. Reviewed by: Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD Date reviewed: September 2016 For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Hey! A Fire Ant Stung Me! Hey! A Tarantula Bit Me! Hey! A Scorpion Stung Me! Hey! A Black Widow Spider Bit Me! Contact Us Print Resources ...

  8. Hey! A Tarantula Bit Me!

    MedlinePlus

    ... leave you alone. Reviewed by: Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD Date reviewed: September 2016 For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Hey! A Fire Ant Stung Me! Hey! A Scorpion Stung Me! Hey! A Black Widow Spider Bit Me! Hey! A Brown Recluse ...

  9. Framework for automated spatio-temporal enhancement of coarse resolution leaf area index (FASE-LAI) – Application to MODIS LAI

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    A multi-scale satellite-based Framework for Automated Spatio-temporal Enhancement of coarse-resolution leaf area index (LAI) products (FASE-LAI) has ben established to generate 4-day time-series of Landsat-scale LAI, thereby meeting the critical demands of applications needing frequent and high spat...

  10. Multivariate Bioclimatic Ecosystem Change Approaches

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-06

    in this analysis. (All further graphics in this section will use this convention.) Left: Same analysis with geomorphology integrated into the...south of Fort Benning. Next the analysis was constrained by integrating the geomorphology . The enhanced algorithm penalized upland locations (using a... geomorphology dataset generated from a topography data layer with a higher resolution than the bioclimatic data). Figure 17b integrates the

  11. Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Bowen, Ben

    2013-10-31

    Berkeley Lab's Ben Bowen discusses "Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas. Go here to watch the entire event with all 8 speakers.

  12. The Relationship between Sensory Sensitivity and Autistic Traits in the General Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Ashley E.; Simmons, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) tend to have sensory processing difficulties (Baranek et al. in J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:591-601, 2006). These difficulties include over- and under-responsiveness to sensory stimuli, and problems modulating sensory input (Ben-Sasson et al. in J Autism Dev Disorders 39:1-11, 2009). As those…

  13. Ceramic Sintering.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-04-01

    COVERED Semi-Annual Technical Rept. 11/1/74 to 4/30/75 7. AUTHOR(«J Charles Ü. Greskovich Joseph H. Rosolowskl 9 PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME...Labhart, "Über ben Mechanismus ber Elektrischen Leitfähigkeit des Silicium Carbids", llelv. Phys. Acta _19 463 (1946). 8. J. A. Lely and F. A. Kroger

  14. Science and Education across Cultures: Another Look at the Negev Bedouins and Their Environmental Management Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saito, Carlos Hiroo

    2014-01-01

    This is a rejoinder to the original article written by Wisam Sedawi, Orit Ben Zvi Assaraf, and Julie Cwikel about waste-related implication on the welfare of children living in the Negev's Bedouin Arab community. More specifically, the authors discuss the role of environmental education in the improvement of participants' life conditions. They do…

  15. [Conjonctival human myiasis by Oestrus ovis in Northern Africa].

    PubMed

    Dedet, J-P

    2011-12-01

    Following the publication of a paper on Conjonctival human myiasis by Oestrus ovis in southern Tunisia by Anane and Ben Hssine (Bull Soc Pathol Exot (2010) 103(5):299-304), the author reminds that the discovery of this disease was made in Algeria, in 1907 by Edmond and Etienne Sergent.

  16. The ABC's of Professionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Pamela A.

    2003-01-01

    Every teacher must develop the characteristics of a professional and model professionalism everyday. In fact, among the standards of the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) is a requirement that teacher candidates demonstrate specific dispositions of professionals (NCATE 2001). Bridges (in Ben-Peretz 2001, 50) advised…

  17. United States Air Force Graduate Student Research Program for 1990. Program Technical Report. Volume 3

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-05

    DEGREE, SPECIALTY, LABORATORY ASSIGNED Ben Abbott Degree: MS Vanderbilt University Specialty: Computer Engineering Electrical Engineering Dept. Assigned...Baldonado Degree: BS California State Univ. Slpecialtv: Electrical Engineering Dept. of Mechanical Eng. Assigned: Astronautics Laboratory Long Beach, CA...90840 (213) 985-5471 Theodore Bapty Degree: BS Vanderbilt University Specialt: Computer Engineering Electrical Eng. Dept. Assigned: Arnold Engineering

  18. Potential population-level effects of land-use change and climate change

    EPA Science Inventory

    Climate change and land-use change are poised to be two fo the largest drivers of biological changeover the next century. We explored the potential effects of these two forces on a population of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers (Picoides borealis) at Fort Benning in Georgia, USA. We us...

  19. Defense Technical Information Center’s 2010 Student Paper Competition: The Winning Papers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-05

    Information and Library Science ; "Intelligence after Intellipedia: Improving the Push Pull Balance with a Social Networking Utility," by Ariane Ben Eli...and Jeremy Hutchins, Pratt Institute, School of Information and Library Science ; and "Information Needs and Behaviors -- NASA Science Program

  20. Adaptability: Time to Start Thinking about Thinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    condemned men. We keep you alive to serve this ship. So row well, and live.  Quintus Arrius, Ben Hur (1959) Just like overtraining can result in...orthopedic injuries , overuse of the mind can result in a reduced cognitive capacity. Work design relates to the specifications of a job’s contents

  1. Nutrition challenges of longleaf pine in the southeast

    Treesearch

    M.A. Sword Sayer; L.G. Eckhardt; E.A. Carter

    2009-01-01

    Low vigor of longleaf pine has been reported at Fort Benning in Georgia, and Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. In an effort to determine the cause of this problem, foliar nutrition was assessed. Results indicated that macro- and micronutrients were generally sufficient regardless of vigor status. Foliar Mn, however, was elevated at both locations. Excess Mn has the...

  2. A Working Ranch with an Effective Medusahead Management Program

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Since 2005, rancher Ben McGough, owner of the Circle Bar Ranch in Mitchell, Oregon, has been working with USDA-ARS rangeland ecologist Roger Sheley to implement EBIPM on the ranch. More than 600 acres were infested with medusahead (Taeniatherum caput-medusae) when they began working together. We de...

  3. An Introduction to Fractals and Chaos

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    Maridelbrst ioct lines, pllmcs _id cubes oft Euclid, Mindelbrot. fie is to fractal geometry Frttals h.:e corni po~pulzrc he corn - %liuh ha)’v ben part of our...shape, such ing could never reproduce it without a .)F a tree !r , hill, could require hun- computer. More important, the moun- JreJs of 9 h tusa -nds cr

  4. Taking Flight Internationally

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    This article describes how Dr. Ben Vinson III, the new director of the Center for Africana Studies at Johns Hopkins University and a specialist in Latin American history, is strengthening the center's internationalist orientation. While it took more than three decades for Johns Hopkins University to approve a Black studies program in its arts and…

  5. Wayang and Gamelan as a Tool of Cultural Learning: Indonesian Puppets, Dance and Music in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foley, Kathy

    2005-01-01

    ArtsBridge is an ideal venue for sharing cultural information at the same time that K-12 students are exposed to exciting creative experiments in the arts. UCSC professor Kathy Foley talks about the use of puppets and dance to promote cultural learning and discusses how UCSC Artsbridge America Scholar Ben Arcangel used his teaching assignment to…

  6. DoD Global Emerging Infections System Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2002

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    were adenovirus serotype 4. Adenovirus outbreaks were documented at Fort Benning (July 2002) and NTC Great Lakes (September 2002). Like AFIERA, NHRC...involved 11 suspected cases of measles at a girls’ school in Baringo District. Those with rash were positive for measles IgM and the Ministry was able

  7. The Introduction of Religious Charter Schools: A Cultural Movement in the Private School Sector

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Marcia J. Harr; Cooper, Bruce S.

    2009-01-01

    Charter schools are opening, and religious associations are also sponsoring these schools since religious groups find private school tuitions to be high and prohibitive. This study includes studies of Tarek ibn Ziyad Academy, a Minnesota Arabic charter school (Blaine and Inver Grove Heights, MN); Ben Gamla Charter School, a Florida English-Hebrew…

  8. A Brief Assessment of Structural Composite Materials Research in Universities in the United States.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-12-01

    composites. ’ 2. Improved techniques are strongly needed in nondestructive evaluation ( NDE ). 3. Combination of NDE , pattern recognition, artificial...Santa Barbara. California 93106 Dean, College of Engineering (905) 961-3141 August 20, 1985 9_. Dr. Ben Wilcox Assistant Director Materials Science

  9. Material Specters: International Conflicts, Disaster Management, and Educational Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastephanou, Marianna

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, Marianna Papastephanou discusses three books--Michalinos Zembylas's "The Politics of Trauma in Education"; Sigal Ben-Porath's "Citizenship Under Fire: Democratic Education in Times of Conflict"; and Kenneth Saltman's "Capitalizing on Disaster: Taking and Breaking Public Schools"--from the perspective of the material causality of…

  10. Corruption/Anti-Corruption in Afghanistan: A Selected Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    ichaptersection_singledocument/16dfbfe2-0946-4933-a798-3a520de1678b/en/2.pdf Apaza, Carmen R. "Measuring Governance and Corruption through the Worldwide Governance... Garcia , J. Malcolm. "Most Dangerous, Most Unmerciful." Virginia Quarterly Review 86, no. 2 (Spring 2010): 22-39. ProQuest Goodhand, Jonathan, and

  11. 7 CFR 1944.450 - OMB control number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true OMB control number. 1944.450 Section 1944.450... number. The reporting and recordkeeping requirements contained in this regulation have ben approved by the Office of Management and Budget and have been assigned OMB control number 0575-0043. Public...

  12. Books Day by Day: Anniversaries, Anecdotes, and Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohanian, Susan

    Celebrating centuries of the written word--from the works of Confucius, Shakespeare, and Ben Franklin to the adventures of Nancy Drew and Harry Potter--this book offers a literary smorgasbord of milestones, anecdotes, and quotes, along with smart, fun, practical activities for exploring and enjoying a wide range of literature. More than a calendar…

  13. Israel's Interdisciplinary Center Draws Praise for Its International Outlook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalman, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    Tal Ben-Shahar was once a successful psychology professor at Harvard University. His classes on positive psychology attracted audiences of more than 850 students, making it the most popular course on the campus. But the best-selling author of "Heaven Can Wait" and "Happier" left America in 2006 to return to his native Israel…

  14. Potential functional variants associated with age at puberty in a validation population of swine

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Puberty in pigs is defined as age at first estrus and gilts that have an earlier age at puberty are more likely to have greater sow lifetime productivity. Because age at puberty is predictive for sow longevity and lifetime productivity, but not routinely measured in commercial herds, it would be ben...

  15. Videodisc Interpersonal Skills Training and Assessment (VISTA): Overview and Findings, Volume 1. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, James E.; And Others

    The Videodisc Interpersonal Skills Training and Assessment (VISTA) project was conceived as a means to use computer-assisted leadership training to reduce high personnel costs associated with assessment center training and simulation. Originated by the Army Research Institute's Ft. Benning Field Unit, the research effort included topic analysis,…

  16. 5. East and north (rear) elevations of the horse pasture ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. East and north (rear) elevations of the horse pasture store, looking southwest; the store's two outbuildings can ben seen at the right of the view - Horsepasture Store, U.S. Route 58 & State Route 687, Horse Pasture, Henry County, VA

  17. An Experimental Evaluation of Stress-Management Training for the Airborne Soldier. Technical Report 550.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, William P.

    A project was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the stress-management training given to students in the jumpmaster training course at Fort Benning, Georgia. The course, which trains airborne personnel to conduct landings of men and equipment, features relatively stressful training programs during which instructors grade the performance of…

  18. Invasive sino-orbital mycosis in an aplastic anemia patient caused by Neosartorya laciniosa.

    PubMed

    Malejczyk, Kathy; Sigler, Lynne; Gibas, Connie Fe C; Smith, Stephanie W

    2013-04-01

    We report the first case of Neosartorya laciniosa invasive sinusitis involving the orbit in an immunocompromised male with aplastic anemia. Treatment included surgical debridement with enucleation of the eye and combination voriconazole and micafungin therapy followed by voriconazole alone. The fungus was identified using sequencing of partial benA and calmodulin genes.

  19. 300 Junior Novel Anticipation Guides

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polette, Nancy

    2006-01-01

    In this book, the author has created reproducible anticipation guides to 300 popular junior novels (grades 4-8) ranging from classics like Ben and Me and Cricket in Times Square to the current award winner, Kira, Kira. The book consists of 300 reproducible sets of open ended values questions to pique the interest of readers. Librarians and…

  20. The Media Gospel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christians, Clifford G.; Fortner, Robert S.

    1981-01-01

    Examines four recent books on the religious media: Ben Armstrong's "The Electric Church," James F. Engel's "Contemporary Christian Communications: Its Theory and Practice," Malcolm Muggeridge's "Christ and the Media," and Virginia Stem Owens'"The Total Image: or Selling Jesus in the Modern Age." Evaluates…