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Sample records for bhupendra singh vivek

  1. Observatories of Sawai Jai Singh II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson-Roehr, Susan N.

    Sawai Jai Singh II, Maharaja of Amber and Jaipur, constructed five observatories in the second quarter of the eighteenth century in the north Indian cities of Shahjahanabad (Delhi), Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi. Believing the accuracy of his naked-eye observations would improve with larger, more stable instruments, Jai Singh reengineered common brass instruments using stone construction methods. His applied ingenuity led to the invention of several outsize masonry instruments, the majority of which were used to determine the coordinates of celestial objects with reference to the local horizon. During Jai Singh's lifetime, the observatories were used to make observations in order to update existing ephemerides such as the Zīj-i Ulugh Begī. Jai Singh established communications with European astronomers through a number of Jesuits living and working in India. In addition to dispatching ambassadorial parties to Portugal, he invited French and Bavarian Jesuits to visit and make use of the observatories in Shahjahanabad and Jaipur. The observatories were abandoned after Jai Singh's death in 1743 CE. The Mathura observatory was disassembled completely before 1857. The instruments at the remaining observatories were restored extensively during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

  2. Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest: Anneliese A. Singh.

    PubMed

    2016-11-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 corecipient of the Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Anneliese A. Singh. Dr. Singh's scholarship "has promoted major advancements in LBGT studies and intersectionality of multiple identities." Singh's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record

  3. Neurovirology: neurotropic viruses and the brain. Interview with Sunit K Singh by Hannah Branch.

    PubMed

    Singh, Sunit K

    2013-08-01

    Sunit K Singh speaks to Hannah Branch, Commissioning Editor Sunit K Singh obtained a Bachelor's degree from GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (India) followed by his Master's degree from the Central Institute of Fisheries Education (India). Upon the completion of his Master's degree, Singh moved to the University of Wuerzburg (Germany) to complete his PhD degree in the field of Molecular Infection Biology. Subsequently, he undertook his postdoctoral training at Yale University School of Medicine (CT, USA) and at the University of California Davis Medical Center (CA, USA). Singh has also been visiting faculty at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (NY, USA), Department of Pathology and Immunology, University of Geneva (Switzerland) and the Institute of Parasitology (Czech Republic). At present, he is a permanent member of faculty in the Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunobiology Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB; India) and is leading a research group in the area of neurovirology there. Singh has been an author of a number of papers published in peer-reviewed journals, and has been honored with several awards, including the Skinner Memorial Award, Young Scientist Award, Travel Grant Award and the NIH-Fogarty Fellowship. In addition, he is a valued editorial board member of several journals, including Future Microbiology.

  4. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  5. Print and Electronic Resources: Usage Statistics at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapoor, Kanta

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to quantify the use of electronic journals in comparison with the print collections in the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Library. Design/methodology/approach: A detailed analysis was made of the use of lending services, the Xerox facility and usage of electronic journals such as Science Direct,…

  6. The Role of Contrast in the Perception of Achromatic Transparency: Comment on Singh and Anderson (2002) and Anderson (2003)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2008-01-01

    M. Singh and B. L. Anderson proposed a perceptual theory of achromatic transparency in which the perceived transmittance of a perceived transparent filter is determined by the ratio of the Michelson contrast seen in the region of transparency to that of the background seen directly. Subsequently, B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, and J. Meng proposed that…

  7. The Role of Contrast in the Perception of Achromatic Transparency: Comment on Singh and Anderson (2002) and Anderson (2003)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2008-01-01

    M. Singh and B. L. Anderson proposed a perceptual theory of achromatic transparency in which the perceived transmittance of a perceived transparent filter is determined by the ratio of the Michelson contrast seen in the region of transparency to that of the background seen directly. Subsequently, B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, and J. Meng proposed that…

  8. The nano man from India: in celebration of the 60th birthday of Dr. Hari Singh Nalwa.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Werner F; Singh, Surya

    2014-01-01

    This article is devoted to the 60th birthday of Dr. Hari Singh Nalwa and outlines his outstanding contributions, distinguished scientific career and business accomplishments to date. The January and February 2014 issues of the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, dedicated to Dr. Hari Singh Nalwa on the occasion of his 60th birthday, provide its readers 134 state-of-the-art review articles contributed by leading experts from around the world focusing on a wide range of nanotechnology-related research areas.

  9. Processes of Quantum Associative Memory (QuAM) Through New Maximally Entangled States (Singh-Rajput MES)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Manu Pratap; Rajput, B. S.

    2016-07-01

    Using Singh-Rajput MES as memory states in the evolutionary process of pattern storage and the non-evolutionary process of pattern recall (the two fundamental constituents of QuAM), the suitability and superiority of these MES over Bell's MES have been demonstrated in both these processes. It has been shown that, under the operations of all the possible memorization operators for a two-qubit system, the first two states of Singh-Rajput MES are useful for storing the pattern |11> and the last two of these MES are useful in storing the pattern |10> while Bell's MES are not much suitable as memory states in a valid memorization process. The recall operations have also been conducted by separately choosing Singh-Rajput MES and Bell's MES as memory states for possible various queries and it has been shown that in each case the choices of Singh-Rajput MES as valid memory states are much more suitable than those of Bell's MES.

  10. Applications of Singh-Rajput Mes in Recall Operations of Quantum Associative Memory for a Two- Qubit System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Manu Pratap; Rajput, B. S.

    2016-03-01

    Recall operations of quantum associative memory (QuAM) have been conducted separately through evolutionary as well as non-evolutionary processes in terms of unitary and non- unitary operators respectively by separately choosing our recently derived maximally entangled states (Singh-Rajput MES) and Bell's MES as memory states for various queries and it has been shown that in each case the choices of Singh-Rajput MES as valid memory states are much more suitable than those of Bell's MES. it has been demonstrated that in both the types of recall processes the first and the fourth states of Singh-Rajput MES are most suitable choices as memory states for the queries `11' and `00' respectively while none of the Bell's MES is a suitable choice as valid memory state in these recall processes. It has been demonstrated that all the four states of Singh-Rajput MES are suitable choice as valid memory states for the queries `1?', `?1', `?0' and `0?' while none of the Bell's MES is suitable choice as the valid memory state for these queries also.

  11. Other Aspects of Sutherland and Singh's Take on Learned Helplessness and Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavale, Kenneth A.; Mostert, Mark P.

    2004-01-01

    Sutherland and Singh (2004) focus on the relationship between students' inappropriate behaviors and academic failure, articulating how this relationship may be mediated by learned helplessness in a reciprocally negative reinforcing cycle. In responding to their work, the authors suggest a thread of disciplined inquiry and contextual framework for…

  12. Epidemiology of Eimeria and associated risk factors in cattle of district Toba Tek Singh, Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Rehman, Tauseef Ur; Khan, Muhammad Nisar; Sajid, Muhammad Sohail; Abbas, Rao Zahid; Arshad, Muhammad; Iqbal, Zafar; Iqbal, Asif

    2011-05-01

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence, species characterization, and associated risk factors with Eimeria of cattle of district Toba Tek Singh from April, 2009 to March, 2010. Of the total 584 fecal samples examined for Eimeria, 275 (47.09%) were found infected with six species of Eimeria. Among the identified species of Eimeria, Eimeria bovis was found to be the highest prevalent species (52.36%), followed in order by Eimeria zuernii, Eimeria canadensis, Eimeria ellipsoidalis, Eimeria alabamensis, and Eimeria cylindrica with prevalence of 48.27%, 34.83%, 29.31%, 24.14%, and 8.62% respectively. Peak prevalence was observed in August. Cattle were infected more frequently during rainy (60.32%) and post-rainy seasons (59.25%). Calves had significantly higher prevalence (P<0.05) of Eimeria than adults while higher prevalence of Eimeria was observed in female cattle. Among management and husbandry practices, feeding system, watering system, housing system, floor type, and herd size strongly influenced the prevalence of Eimeria in cattle. Coccidiosis was more prevalent in ground feeding system, pond-watered animals, closed housing system, and non-cemented floor type (P<0.05) as compared to trough feeding system, tap watered animals, open housing system, and partially cemented floor types, respectively. Breed and body condition of animals were not found risk factors (P>0.05) influencing prevalence of Eimeria.

  13. Preliminary evaluation of Delphastus catalinae (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae)as a predator of the ficus whitefly, Singhiella simplex (Singh) (Hemiptera:Aleyrodidae)

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The predatory lady beetle Delphastus catalinae (Horn) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) was evaluated as a potential biological control agent against the ficus whitefly, Singhiella simplex (Singh) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), a newly-invasive pest of ficus plants. Adult D. catalinae females were starved for ...

  14. Using double-stranded RNA for the control of Laem-Singh Virus (LSNV) in Thai P. monodon.

    PubMed

    Saksmerprome, Vanvimon; Thammasorn, Thitiporn; Jitrakorn, Sarocha; Wongtripop, Somjai; Borwornpinyo, Suparerk; Withyachumnarnkul, Boonsirm

    2013-04-15

    Viral inhibition by double-stranded (ds)RNA is a potential therapeutic approach for controlling shrimp viral diseases. Here, we describe the successful oral application of dsRNA targeting Laem-Singh Virus (LSNV) to diminish monodon slow growth syndrome (MSGS) in Thai Penaeus monodon. Shrimp feed formulated with bacterially expressed LSNV-dsRNA was given to shrimp for 9 weeks. RT-PCR results revealed that all control shrimp were LSNV-positive at the end of experiment, while the shrimp that received dsRNA-feed exhibited 20-60% LSNV reduction. The average body weight of treated shrimp (number of shrimp=100) was significantly higher than that of the control group. Such increase is likely due to the elimination of MSGS caused by LSNV, as size variation of the treated group is much lower than that in the control group. This study demonstrates for the first time that feed with LSNV-specific dsRNA promotes the overall growth of P. monodon and relieves MSGS condition in LSNV-infected shrimp. The work reaffirms the potential of dsRNA application for controlling viral disease in shrimp farming. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. In defense of traditional views of spatial disorientation and loss of situation awareness: a reply to Navathe and Singh's "An operational definition of spatial disorientation".

    PubMed

    Previc, F H; Yauch, D W; DeVilbiss, C A; Ercoline, W R; Sipes, W E

    1995-11-01

    In a recent article in Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Navathe and Singh proposed new "operational" definitions for spatial disorientation (SD) and loss of situation(al) awareness (LSA). The major feature of their new scheme was to treat the two phenomena as distinct, with SD attributable to physiologically based (peripheral) illusions and LSA to psychological (central) factors. The present commentary argues in favor of traditional views of SD that consider spatial orientation to be a subset of overall situation awareness.

  16. Ethnomedicinal plants used to treat skin diseases by Tharu community of district Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand, India.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Jyotsana; Gairola, Sumeet; Sharma, Yash Pal; Gaur, R D

    2014-12-02

    Tharu community is the largest primitive indigenous community of the Uttarakhand, India. In this article we have scientifically enumerated medicinal plants and herbal preparations used by the Tharu community to treat various skin diseases, and discussed dermatological properties of these plants in the light of previous ethnomedicinal, microbiological, pharmacological, toxicological, phytochemical and clinical studies. Ethnomedicinal survey was conducted in different villages of Tharu community located in district Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand, India. Ethnomedicinal information on plants used to treat various skin diseases was collected from 122 individuals (93 males and 29 females), including 35 experienced herbal practitioners and 87 local villagers. For each of the recorded plant species the use value (UV) and fidelity level (FL) was calculated. The informant consensus factor (Fic) was also calculated to find out the homogeneity in the information given by the informants. A total of 90 plant species belonging to 86 genera and 48 families were used by the Tharu community to treat various skin diseases viz., wounds (38 spp.), boils (32 spp.), cuts (18 spp.), leprosy (11 spp.), eczema (10 spp.), itching (7 spp.), ringworm (5 spp.), burns (4 spp.), leucoderma (4 spp.), cracked heels (2 spp.), dandruff (3 spp.), body infection (2 spp.), chilblains (2 spp.), hair fall (2 spp.) and toes infection (2 spp.). Information on botanical name, family, vernacular name, ailments treated, mode and dose of herbal preparations, UV and FL values are provided for each of the recorded species. According to UV value most preferred plant species used to treat skin diseases by Tharu community was Ricinus communis L. followed by Tridax procumbens (L.) L., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Ageratum conyzoides and Allium cepa L. The present study has revealed significant information on various medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases by Tharu community. Literature review has confirmed most

  17. A novel integrase-containing element may interact with Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) to cause slow growth in giant tiger shrimp

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background From 2001-2003 monodon slow growth syndrome (MSGS) caused severe economic losses for Thai shrimp farmers who cultivated the native, giant tiger shrimp, and this led them to adopt exotic stocks of the domesticated whiteleg shrimp as the species of cultivation choice, despite the higher value of giant tiger shrimp. In 2008, newly discovered Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) was proposed as a necessary but insufficient cause of MSGS, and this stimulated the search for the additional component cause(s) of MSGS in the hope that discovery would lead to preventative measures that could revive cultivation of the higher value native shrimp species. Results Using a universal shotgun cloning protocol, a novel RNA, integrase-containing element (ICE) was found in giant tiger shrimp from MSGS ponds (GenBank accession number FJ498866). In situ hybridization probes and RT-PCR tests revealed that ICE and Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) occurred together in lymphoid organs (LO) of shrimp from MSGS ponds but not in shrimp from normal ponds. Tissue homogenates of shrimp from MSGS ponds yielded a fraction that gave positive RT-PCR reactions for both ICE and LSNV and showed viral-like particles by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Bioassays of this fraction with juvenile giant tiger shrimp resulted in retarded growth with gross signs of MSGS, and in situ hybridization assays revealed ICE and LSNV together in LO, eyes and gills. Viral-like particles similar to those seen in tissue extracts from natural infections were also seen by TEM. Conclusions ICE and LSNV were found together only in shrimp from MSGS ponds and only in shrimp showing gross signs of MSGS after injection with a preparation containing ICE and LSNV. ICE was never found in the absence of LSNV although LSNV was sometimes found in normal shrimp in the absence of ICE. The results suggest that ICE and LSNV may act together as component causes of MSGS, but this cannot be proven conclusively without single and combined bioassays

  18. Two new species of Cylicospirura Vevers, 1922 (Nematoda: Spirocercidae) from carnivores in southern Africa, with validation of the related genera Gastronodus Singh, 1934 and Skrjabinocercina Matschulsky, 1952.

    PubMed

    Junker, Kerstin; Lane, Emily P; McRee, Anna E; Foggin, Chris; van Dyk, D Schalk; Mutafchiev, Yasen

    2013-09-01

    Two new species of Cylicospirura Vevers, 1922 are described from carnivores from southern Africa. Cylicospirura crocutae Junker et Mutafchiev sp. n. from Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben) in Zimbabwe is distinguished from its congeners by combinations of characters, including the presence of four cephalic and four external labial papillae, while internal labial papillae were not distinct, the presence of groups of small accessory teeth between the six large tricuspid teeth, the fifth and the sixth pairs of the caudal papillae being equidistant from the cloaca, and a large ratio of length of the muscular oesophagus to that of the glandular oesophagus. Cylicospirura pardalis Junker et Mutafchiev sp. n. from Panthera pardus (Linnaeus) in the Republic of South Africa is characterized by having tricuspid teeth with large, claw-like, abaxial cusps, four cephalic and six internal labial papillae. Based on the number of caudal papillae and the position of the vulva, the subgenera Gastronodus Singh, 1934 and Skrjabinocercina Matschulsky, 1952 are re-elevated to generic rank. Amended diagnoses are proposed for the genera Cylicospirura, Gastronodus and Skrjabinocercina. Petrowospirura lyncis Matschulsky, 1952 is recognized as valid and, together with P. petrowi Sadykhov, 1957 and P. barusi Arya, 1979, is transferred to Cylicospirura as C. lyncis (Matschulsky, 1952) Junker et Mutafchiev comb. n., C. petrowi (Sadykhov, 1957) Junker et Mutafchiev comb. n. and C. barusi (Arya, 1979) Junker et Mutafchiev comb. n., respectively.

  19. Demonstration of a Very Inexpensive, Turbidimetric, Real-Time, RT-LAMP Detection Platform Using Shrimp Laem-Singh Virus (LSNV) as a Model

    PubMed Central

    Arunrut, Narong; Suebsing, Rungkarn; Withyachumnarnkul, Boonsirm; Kiatpathomchai, Wansika

    2014-01-01

    Rapid and accurate detection of pathogens under field laboratory conditions is necessary for effective control of veterinary pathogens. Here we describe a prototype, portable, pathogen detection device developed for single tube, real-time, reverse transcription, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) using Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) as a model. LSNV is an RNA virus and a component cause of growth retardation in black tiger shrimp. We chose its RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene as the target for our tests. The basis for detection was measurement of turbidity arising from formation of a white, insoluble magnesium pyrophosphate precipitate byproduct upon amplification of the RdRp target sequence from 100 ng template RNA extracted from shrimp. The measurement device consisted of a heating block to maintain constant temperature in the RT-LAMP reaction for 8 Eppindorf sample tubes, a light-emitting diode (LED) light source providing red light emission at 650 nm wavelength to pass through sample tubes, a light dependent resistance (LDR) photo-detector and a software program to report turbidity events and could potentially be marketed for under US$3000. The device was connected to a computer to display real-time results in a variety of formats. The optimized protocol for LSNV detection consisted of incubation of the sample tubes at 65°C for 1 h during which turbidity was continuously measured, and quantitative results could be obtained by reaction time measurement. The sensitivity of detection was comparable to that of conventional nested RT-PCR and there was no cross reaction with other common shrimp viruses. The device was used for quantitative measurement of relative copy numbers of LSNV RdRp in 8 shrimp tissues and they were found to be highest in the gills followed in order by the lymphoid organ and hemolymph (p≤0.05). This platform can be easily adapted for detection of other pathogens under field laboratory settings. PMID:25255231

  20. Feasibility of dsRNA treatment for post-clearing SPF shrimp stocks of newly discovered viral infections using Laem Singh virus (LSNV) as a model.

    PubMed

    Saksmerprome, Vanvimon; Charoonnart, Patai; Flegel, Timothy W

    2017-05-02

    Using post-larvae derived from specific pathogen free (SPF) stocks in penaeid shrimp farming has led to a dramatic increase in production. At the same time, new pathogens of farmed shrimp are continually being discovered. Sometimes these pathogens are carried by shrimp and other crustaceans as persistent infections without gross signs of disease. Thus it is that a 5-generation stock of Penaeus monodon SPF for several pathogens was found, post-stock-development, to be persistently-infected with newly-discovered Laem Singh virus (LSNV). In this situation, the stock developers were faced with destroying their existing stock (developed over a long period at considerable cost) and starting the whole stock development process anew in order to add LSNV to its SPF list. As an alternative, it was hypothesized that injection of complementary dsRNA into viral-infected broodstock prior to mating might inhibit replication of the target virus sufficiently to reduce or eliminate its transmission to their offspring. Subsequent selection of uninfected offspring would allow for post-clearing of LSNV from the existing stock and for conversion of the stock to LSNV-free status. Testing this hypothesis using the LSNV-infected stock described above, we found that transmission was substantially reduced in several treated broodstock compared to much higher transmission in buffer-injected broodstock. Based on these results, the model is proposed for post-clearing of SPF stocks using dsRNA treatment. The model may also be applicable to post-clearing of exceptional, individual performers from grow-out ponds for return to a nucleus breeding center. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Evaluation of Singh Index and Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians as risk assessment tools of hip fracture in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhenyu; Gao, Hua; Bai, Xiaodong; Zhao, Liang; Li, Yadong; Wang, Baojun

    2017-03-03

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), an epidemic disease around world, has recently been identified as a risk factor for osteoporosis-associated fracture. However, there is no consensus on the best method of assessing fracture risk in patients with T2DM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) and the Singh Index (SI) in hip fracture risk assessment in patients with T2DM. We enrolled 261 postmenopausal women with T2DM: 87 had hip fracture resulting from low-energy trauma and 174 age-matched controls had no fracture (two controls per fracture case). Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the lumbar spine and hip region. The SI was obtained from standard antero-posterior radiographs of the pelvis. The OSTA was calculated with a formula based on weight and age. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and tests of difference. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to determine optimum cutoff values, sensitivity, and specificity of screening methods. Discriminative abilities of different screening tools were compared with the area under the curve (AUC). There were significant differences in BMD at all sites (lumbar spine, femoral neck, trochanter, and total hip) and in SI between the fracture and non-fracture groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in OSTA between the groups (P > 0.05). The area under the curve was 0.747 (95% CI: 0.680-0.813) for lumbar spine BMD, 0.699 (95% CI: 0.633-0.764) for total hip BMD, 0.659 (95% CI: 0.589-0.729) for femoral neck BMD, 0.631 (95% CI: 0.557-0.704) for trochanter BMD, 0.534 (95% CI: 0.459-0.610) for OSTA, 0.636 (95% CI: 0.564-0.709) for SI, and 0.795 (95% CI: 0.734-0.857) for OSTA plus SI. The AUC for combined OSTA plus SI was significantly superior to other parameters besides BMD of the lumbar spine. The combination of OSTA plus SI could be a clinical alternative tool for

  2. Comments on the paper “Temperature dependence of bulk modulus and second-order elastic constants” by P.P. Singh and M. Kumar [Physica B 344 (2004) 41

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, K. S.

    2005-05-01

    Singh and Kumar have questioned the validity of the Mie-Grüneisen equation using an incorrect formulation. The Suzuki equation for thermal expansivity has been expressed by them in terms of thermal pressure using a wrong definition. The formulations already reported in the literature have been rediscovered by them and redesignated as the Kumar formulation. In the present communication we have reinforced the validity of the Mie-Grüneisen EOS using the correct definition of thermal pressure in the Suzuki formulation.

  3. Note on: 'EMDPLER: A F77 program for modeling the EM response of dipolar sources over the non-magnetic layer earth models' by N.P. Singh and T. Mogi, Computers & Geosciences 36 (2010) 430-440

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamie, Majid; Mirzaei, Saeid; Mirzaei, Mahmoud

    2017-01-01

    In this paper some mistakes arising in Singh and Mogi (2010) that are: (1) wrong formulation of the intrinsic impedance of the layers of an N-layered earth (Zi) and reflection coefficient of the EM wave in TM-mode (rTM), (2) using wrong and the very same algorithms for computing reflection coefficients of the EM wave in both the TE- and the TM-mode (rTE and rTM) and (3) using flawed algorithms for computing phase and normalized phase values, relating to electric and magnetic components of the EM wave, are noted and corrected form of these mistakes are presented. Moreover, in order to illustrate how these mistakes can affect forward modeling results different two- and three-layered earth models, the same as the models used in Singh and Mogi (2010), are chosen; afterwards EMDPLER and corrected version of this program, presented in this paper titled "EMDPLER_Corr", are conducted on these models and real and imaginary parts of Hz and Hy components of the magnetic field intensity, their normalized amplitudes (|Hz /Hz0 |and|Hy /Hy0 |) and the corresponding normalized phases are computed, plotted versus frequency and compared with each other.

  4. Comment on 'A reinterpretation of the linear heat flow and heat production relationship for the exponential model of the heat production in the crust' by R.N. Singh & J.G. Negi.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lachenbruch, A.H.

    1980-01-01

    In their recent paper, Singh & Negi, (This journal, 57, 741-744) contend that if thd slope of the empirical linear relation between heat flow and heat production is interpreted as the decay-length of an exponential depth-distribution of sources, a discrepancy rises, whereas if it is interpreted as the depth of a step distribution, it does not. I should like to point out that their discrepancy follows from their arbitrary assumption of one of a range of physical possibilities unconstrained by the observations; with an equally valid alternate assumption (Lachenbruch 1970) the discrepancy disappears. In any case such discrepancies are probably minor compared to physical difficulties that arise from the step model, and to uncertainties introduced by other assumptions in any simple model.-Author

  5. Note on: 'EMLCLLER-A program for computing the EM response of a large loop source over a layered earth model' by N.P. Singh and T. Mogi, Computers & Geosciences 29 (2003) 1301-1307

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamie, Majid

    2016-11-01

    Singh and Mogi (2003) presented a forward modeling (FWD) program, coded in FORTRAN 77 called "EMLCLLER", which is capable of computing the frequency-domain electromagnetic (EM) response of a large circular loop, in terms of vertical magnetic component (Hz), over 1D layer earth models; computations at this program could be performed by assuming variable transmitter-receiver configurations and incorporating both conduction and displacement currents into computations. Integral equations at this program are computed through digital linear filters based on the Hankel transforms together with analytic solutions based on hyper-geometric functions. Despite capabilities of EMLCLLER, there are some mistakes at this program that make its FWD results unreliable. The mistakes in EMLCLLER arise in using wrong algorithm for computing reflection coefficient of the EM wave in TE-mode (rTE), and using flawed algorithms for computing phase and normalized phase values relating to Hz; in this paper corrected form of these mistakes are presented. Moreover, in order to illustrate how these mistakes can affect FWD results, EMLCLLER and corrected version of this program presented in this paper titled "EMLCLLER_Corr" are conducted on different two- and three-layered earth models; afterwards their FWD results in terms of real and imaginary parts of Hz, its normalized amplitude, and the corresponding normalized phase curves are plotted versus frequency and compared to each other. In addition, in Singh and Mogi (2003) extra derivations for computing radial component of the magnetic field (Hr) and angular component of the electric field (Eϕ) are also presented where the numerical solution presented for Hr is incorrect; in this paper the correct numerical solution for this derivation is also presented.

  6. Comment on “Geochemistry of buried river sediments from Ghaggar Plains, NW India: Multi-proxy records of variations in provenance, paleoclimate, and paleovegetation patterns in the late quaternary” by Ajit Singh, Debajyoti Paul, Rajiv Sinha, Kristina J. Thomsen, Sanjeev Gupta

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Clift, Peter D.; Giosan, Liviu; East, Amy E.

    2016-01-01

    Singh et al. (2016) published a geochemical record of sediment compositions from the flood plain of the Ghaggar River in western India and use the changing provenance, particularly as traced by Nd isotope composition, to reconstruct how erosion patterns have changed over the past 100 k.y. In doing so they propose a link between climate change and erosion, and they argue for more erosion from the Higher Himalaya during warmer interglacial periods and more from the Lesser Himalaya during glacial intervals. While we support the concept of erosion patterns being climatically modulated we here take the opportunity to compare the data presented by Singh et al. (2016) to relevant published records within the region greater Ghaggar region and to open a balanced discussion on how climate and erosion are coupled in the western Himalaya.

  7. Pseudangularia gonzalezi n. sp. and Gibsonilepis swifti (Singh, 1952) n. g., n. comb. (Cestoda, Dilepididae) from the House Swift, Apus affinis (J.E. Gray) (Aves, Apodiformes) from Franceville, Republic of Gabon.

    PubMed

    Dimitrova, Yana D; Mariaux, Jean; Georgiev, Boyko B

    2013-11-01

    Nine specimens of Apus affinis (J.E. Gray) were studied at Franceville, Haut-Ogooué Province, Republic of Gabon, for the presence of helminth parasites. Two cestode species of the family Dilepididae were recorded. Pseudangularia gonzalezi n. sp. is distinguished from the most similar species P. europaea Georgiev & Murai, 1993 by having elliptical cirrus-sac, longer vagina, longer rostellar sheath and greater diameter of suckers. An identification key to the species of the genus Pseudangularia Burt, 1938 is proposed. The present study is the first record of the genus Pseudangularia in the Afrotropical Region. Our study confirms that, in dilepidids with vaginal sclerites from swifts, breaking off the cirrus after copulation is a frequent phenomenon. The genus Gibsonilepis n. g. is erected as monotypic for Vitta swifti Singh, 1952 (originally described from the same host species in India) and Gibsonilepis swifti n. comb. is proposed. Gibsonilepis n. g. is distinguished from Vitta Burt, 1938 by its highly elongate rostellum, rostellar sheath much bigger than rostellum, relatively small rostellar hooks possessing strongly developed guard, disc-shaped suckers with weak peripheral musculature and flat or convex central part, long and well-expressed neck, highly lobed two-winged ovary (lobes rounded) and presence of a band consisting of rows of spine-like microtriches along posterior margin of each proglottis. This is the first record of G. swifti in the Afrotropical Region. The separation of G. swifti from the genus Vitta (parasites of swallows) suggests that, contrary to previous opinions, no dilepidid genera are shared by Apodidae (swifts) and Hirundinidae (swallows).

  8. Philosophizing cannot substitute for experimentation: comment on Hoffman, Singh & Prakash

    PubMed Central

    Pizlo, Zygmunt

    2015-01-01

    The perception of 3D shape must be excluded from Hoffman et al., “interface theory” primarily because shape is characterized by its symmetries. When these symmetries are used as a priori constraints, 3D shapes are always recovered from 2D retinal images veridically. These facts make it clear that 3D shape perception is completely different from, as well as more important than, all other perceptions because the veridicality of our perception of 3D shapes (and 3D scenes) accounts for our successful adaptation to the natural environment. PMID:26384989

  9. Kuldip Kaur v. Surinder Singh [3 November 1988].

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    The Indian court held that imprisoning a husband who fails to pay maintenance arrears is not a substitute for the recovery of arrears or a mode of discharging liability, but, rather, a means of enforcement. It reversed the lower court decision that arrears could be wiped out by serving time in jail and ordered such a husband to be returned to jail if maintenance arrears to his wife and child were not paid.

  10. Raja Sawai Jai Singh II: An 18th Century Medieval Astronomer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanpied, William A.

    1975-01-01

    Offers a description of the instrumentation and methods utilized in this attempt at naked eye astronomy one century after the invention of the telescope. Also examines the motives which resulted in the implementation of an antiquated mode of observation. (Author/CP)

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Ultra steep spectrum radio sources (Singh+, 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, V.; Beelen, A.; Wadadekar, Y.; Sirothia, S.; Ishwara-Chandra, C. H.; Basu, A.; Omont, A.; McAlpine, K.; Ivison, R. J.; Oliver, S.; Farrah, D.; Lacy, M.

    2014-11-01

    We obtained 325 MHz GMRT observations of the XMM-LSS field over sky area of ~12deg2 with synthesized beamsize ~10.2"x7.9". In the mosaiced 325MHz GMRT image the average noise rms is ~160uJy, while in the central region the average noise-rms reaches to ~120uJy. Our 325MHz observations are one of the deepest low-frequency surveys over such a wide sky area and detect ~2553/3304 radio sources at >=5.0σ with noise rms cut-off <=200/300uJy. (1 data file).

  12. A Clinicomycological Study of Cutaneous Mycoses in Sawai Man Singh Hospital of Jaipur, North India

    PubMed Central

    Vyas, Aruna; Pathan, Nazneen; Sharma, Rajni; Vyas, Leela

    2013-01-01

    Background: Because of the widespread prevalence of the various cutaneous mycoses in a tropical country like India, it is important to know their patterns of etiology and clinical presentations. Aim: The present study was conducted in order to identify the clinical pattern of various cutaneous mycoses and the common etiological agents affecting the study populations admitted in SMS Hospital, Jaipur, in North India. Materials and Methods: Skin scrapings and hair and nail samples of 160 patients with clinical suspicion of dermatophytosis were collected and subjected to direct microscopy and were cultured in Sabouraud's dextrose agar. Fungal species were identified by macroscopic and microscopic examination. Data were presented as simple descriptive statistics (SPSS, Version 17.0 (Chicago Il, USA). Epi Info Version 3.5.1 (CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA). Results: Among the 160 clinically suspected patients of cutaneous mycoses, 60 (37.5%) were confirmed by culture. Dermatophytes and non-dermatophytes (NDM) were isolated from 66.6% (40/60) and 33.3% (20/60) of the positive cultures, respectively. Tinea capitis (50%) 30/60 was the most frequent clinical pattern and genus Trichophyton violaceum 32.5% (13/40) was the most common isolate in dermatophytosis-positive samples. Among the patients positive for NDM by culture, Tinea unguium 35% (7/20) was the most common clinical presentation and Aspergillus species 40% (8/20) were the most common etiological agents isolated. Conclusion: Although dermatophtes have been isolated from the cases of cutaneous mycoses all over the world with various frequencies, the role of NDM in the different cutaneous infections other than those of nail infections need to be evaluated. PMID:24380015

  13. New combination bronchodilators for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: current evidence and future perspectives Dave Singh

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Dave

    2015-01-01

    Fixed dose combination (FDC) dual bronchodilators that co-administer a long acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) and a long acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) are a new class of inhaled treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This review focuses on the clinical evidence for the benefit of LABA/LAMA FDCs compared with monocomponent treatments, and also compared with active comparators that are widely used for the treatment of COPD, namely tiotropium and salmeterol-fluticasone. Novel FDC dual bronchodilators include QVA149 and umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI). Long term clinical trials show that QVA149 and UMEC/VI are superior to monocomponent therapy in terms of trough forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), although the FEV1 improvement was limited to approximately 80–90% of the added monocomponent values. This suggests that the effect of combining a LABA and a LAMA is not fully additive. LABA/LAMA FDC were associated with the largest mean changes in symptoms and health status that were above the minimal clinically important difference, in contrast to the monocomponents. Furthermore, these LABA/LAMA FDCs demonstrated superiority over the active comparators tiotropium and salmeterol-fluticasone in terms of trough FEV1 and patient-reported outcomes. LABA/LAMA FDCs offer a simplified means of maximizing bronchodilation for COPD patients, with the improvements in lung function being mirrored by benefits in terms of symptoms and exacerbations. The use of LABA/LAMA FDCs in clinical practice is set to grow and further studies are needed to define their optimal place in treatment guidelines. PMID:25377687

  14. Singh's verbal autopsy questionnaire for the assessment of causes of death, social autopsy, tobacco autopsy and dietary autopsy, based on medical records and interview.

    PubMed

    Singh, Ram B; Fedacko, Jan; Vargova, Viola; Kumar, Adarsh; Mohan, Varun; Pella, Daniel; De Meester, Fabien; Wilson, Douglas

    2011-08-01

    The exact causes of death in India are not known because autopsy studies are difficult to conduct due to religious considerations. There are rapid changes in diet and lifestyle amongst social classes causing changes in the pattern of risk factors and mortality. In the present study, we attempt to develop a verbal autopsy questionnaire based on medical records and interview of a family member, for the assessment of causes of death, social class, tobacco consumption and dietary intakes among urban decedents in north India. For the period 1999-2001, we studied the randomly selected records of death of 2222 (1385 men and 837 women) decedents, aged 25-64 years, out of 3034 death records overall from the records at the Municipal Corporation, Moradabad. Families of these decedents were contacted individually to find out the causes of death, by scientist- administered, informed-consented, verbal autopsy questionnaire, completed with the help of the spouse and local treating doctor practicing in the appropriate health care region. Clinical data and causes of death were assessed by a questionnaire based on available hospital records and a modified WHO verbal autopsy questionnaire. Dietary intakes of the dead individuals were estimated by finding out the food intake of the spouse from 3-day dietary diaries and by asking probing questions about differences in food intake by the decedents. Tobacco consumption of the victim was studied by a questionnaire administered to family members. Social classes were assessed by a questionnaire based on attributes of per capita income, occupation, education, housing and ownership of consumer luxury items in the household. The diagnoses of overweight and obesity were based on the new WHO and International College of Nutrition criteria. Cardiac diseases (23.4%, n = 520) including coronary artery disease (10%), valvular heart disease (7.2%, n = 160), diabetic heart disease (2.2%, n = 49), sudden cardiac death and inflammatory cardiac disease, each (2.0%, n = 44) were the most common causes of deaths as reported using the modified verbal autopsy questionnaire. Brain diseases including stroke (7.8%, n = 175) and inflammatory brain disease were reported amongst 1.9% (n = 42) victims.Thus, NCDs (37.0%, n = 651); circulatory diseases (31.2%, n = 695) including stroke and cardiac diseases, and malignant neoplasms (5.8%, n = 131) emerged as the most common causes of death. Injury and accidents (14.0%, n = 313) including fire, falls and poisonings were also common. Miscellaneous causes of death were observed amongst 8.5% (n = 189) of victims. Pregnancy and perinatal causes (0.72%, n = 15) were not commonly recorded in our study. Renal diseases (11.2%, n = 250), pulmonary diseases (22.3%, n = 495) and liver diseases (4.8%, n =107) were also commonly recorded causes of death. It is clear that causes of death related to various body systems can be more accurately assessed by the modified verbal autopsy questionnaire. Circulatory diseases as the cause of mortality were significantly more common among higher social classes (1-3) than in lower social classes (4 and 5) who died more often, due to infections. Death due to coronary disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes and obesity were significantly more common among higher social classes 1-3 and among victims with higher body mass index (BMI) compared to social class 4 and 5 who had lower BMI. This study indicates that causes of death, social class, tobacco and dietary intakes, can be accurately assessed by a modified verbal autopsy questionnaire based on medical records and by interview of family members. Circulatory diseases, injury-accidents and maligant diseases have become the major causes of death in India, apart from infections.

  15. Contribution to our knowledge of the whitefly genus Aleuroclava Singh (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in China, including Taiwan and Hong Kong, with descriptions of two new species.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ji-Rui; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2016-07-15

    Two new whitefly species, Aleuroclava sterculiae sp. nov., collected from Sterculia nobilis (Malvales: Sterculiaceae) of Qingxiu hill park (Guangxi, China), and Aleuroclava rosae sp. nov., collected from Stranvaesia sp. (Rosales: Rosaceae) of Maoer Mountain (Guangxi, China), are described with morphology, line illustrations, photographs and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images. In addition, two other whitefly species, Aleuroclava lefroyi (Sundararaj & David) and Aleuroclava manii (David), are reported as new to the fauna of China, and are discussed. An identification key to Aleuroclava species known from Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong is provided. The specimens are deposited in the Insect Collection of Yangzhou University (YZU).

  16. ARC-2009-ACD09-0208-023

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-09-15

    Obama Administration launches Cloud Computing Initiative at Ames Research Center. Vivek Kundra, White House Chief Federal Information Officer (right) and Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator (left) get a tour & demo NASAS Supercomputing Center Hyperwall by Chris Kemp.

  17. ARC-2009-ACD09-0208-013

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-09-15

    Obama Administration launches Cloud Computing Initiative at Ames Research Center. Vivek Kundra, White House Chief Federal Information Officer (left) and Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator (ctr) get a tour of the NASA Nebula Infrastructure with Bobby Cates (right).

  18. ARC-2009-ACD09-0208-029

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-09-15

    Obama Administration launches Cloud Computing Initiative at Ames Research Center. Vivek Kundra, White House Chief Federal Information Officer (right) and Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator (left) get a tour & demo NASAS Supercomputing Center Hyperwall.

  19. ARC-2009-ACD09-0208-012

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-09-15

    Obama Administration launches Cloud Computing Initiative at Ames Research Center. Vivek Kundra, White House Chief Federal Information Officer (ctr) and Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator (right) get a tour of the NASA Nebula Infrastructure with Bobby Cates (on left).

  20. ARC-2009-ACD09-0208-004

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2009-09-15

    Obama Administration launches Cloud Computing Initiative at Ames Research Center with left to right; S. Pete Worden, Center Director, Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator, Vivek Kundra, White House Chief Federal Information Officer

  1. Protection Against Soman or VX Poisoning by Human Butyrylcholinesterase in Guinea Pigs and Cynomolgus Monkeys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-15

    James M. Federko c, Chunyuan Luoc, Ashima Saxenac, Bhupendra P. Doctorc, Carl Olson d a Pharmacology Division, 3100 Ricketts Pt. Rd., US Army Medical...prior to initiating an investigational new drug (IND) application, the pharmacokinetics of HuBuChE were evaluated in guinea pigs and in cynomolgus monkeys... anticholinesterase intoxication at any of the challenge levels, and all survived for the 14-day duration of the experiment. Similar experiments were

  2. Systemic Administration of the Potential Countermeasure Huperzine Reversibly Inhibits Central and Peripheral Acetylcholinesterase Activity Without Adverse Cognitive-Behavioral Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense ATTN: MCMR-CDT-N 3100 Ricketts Point Road Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5400 USAMRICD...P10-013 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) US Army Medical Research Institute of Aberdeen...Ashima Saxena b, Bhupendra P. Doctor b, Andrew J. Bonvillain a, Matthew G. Clark a a United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical

  3. 77 FR 52381 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... Singh Mr. Singh, 27, has had amblyopia in his left eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right... drive ``semi'' vehicles.'' Mr. Singh reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for...

  4. A resolution honoring the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, for his service to the people of India and to the world, and welcoming the Prime Minister to the United States.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Dodd, Christopher J. [D-CT

    2009-11-21

    11/21/2009 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  5. A resolution honoring the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, for his service to the people of India and to the world, and welcoming the Prime Minister to the United States.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Dodd, Christopher J. [D-CT

    2009-11-21

    11/21/2009 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S11976-11977; text as passed Senate: CR S11976-11977; text of measure as introduced: CR S11973) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. Comment on "Atomic structure calculations and identification of EUV and SXR spectral lines in Sr XXX" by A. Goyal, I. Khatri, S. Aggarwal, A.K. Singh, M. Mohan [J Quant Spectrosc Radiat Transf 2015;161:157

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aggarwal, Kanti M.

    2015-11-01

    Recently, Goyal et al. [1] reported energies and lifetimes (τ) for the lowest 113 levels of the 2s22p5, 2s2p6, 2s22p43ℓ, 2s2p53ℓ and 2p63ℓ configurations of F-like Sr XXX. For the calculations they adopted the multi-configuration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) and the flexible atomic code (FAC). Additionally, they also listed radiative rates (A- values), oscillator strengths (f- values) and line strengths (S- values) for four types of transitions, namely electric dipole (E1), electric quadrupole (E2), magnetic dipole (M1) and magnetic quadrupole (M2), but only from the ground to the higher excited levels. However, there are two clear anomalies in their reported data. Firstly, the f-values listed from FAC in their Tables 3-6 are larger than from MCDF by a factor of two, for all transitions. This is because they have blindly listed the output from FAC without realising that, unlike MCDF, FAC lists ωf where ω is the statistical weight, and happens to be exactly 2 in the present case. Secondly, their lifetime for level 2 (2s22p51/2 o 2P) is incorrect. This is because the dominant contributing transition for this level is 1-2 M1 for which A=3.25×106 s-1, listed (correctly) in their Table 5, and this leads to τ=3.08×10-7 s, and not 1.54×10-7 s, as listed in their Table 1.

  7. Description of a new genus and three species of Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India.

    PubMed

    Singh, Sudhir; Devi, O K Rema; Srinivasa, Y B

    2014-06-10

    A new genus of Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), Noyesencyrtus Singh gen. nov. (type species N. brachyoculus Singh sp. nov.), associated with insects inhabiting fruiting bodies of wood-decaying fungi, and two new species, Psyllaephagus kundapurensis Singh sp. nov. and Ooencyrtus hayatii Singh sp. nov., are described from the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India.

  8. Unlocking Shelves: Fostering a Culture of Reading and Inclusion through Open Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukunda, Usha; Vellanki, Vivek

    2016-01-01

    This article features a conversation between Usha Mukunda, who identifies herself as a librarian, and Vivek Vellanki, who is currently pursuing a doctoral degree in education. Mukunda has been successful in challenging the stereotypical image of the librarian as being serious, angry, and detached. Shortly after meeting her, one would likely be…

  9. Education Policy and the Pursuit of Equality: Perspectives from South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayed, Yusuf; Vellanki, Vivek

    2013-01-01

    1994 is an important year in South African history. It brought about significant socio-political changes in an attempt to undo the unjust practices perpetuated during the apartheid regime. The apartheid government had severely impacted all spheres and institutions of society, including education. In this interview, Vivek Vellanki asks Doctor Yusuf…

  10. Education Policy and the Pursuit of Equality: Perspectives from South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayed, Yusuf; Vellanki, Vivek

    2013-01-01

    1994 is an important year in South African history. It brought about significant socio-political changes in an attempt to undo the unjust practices perpetuated during the apartheid regime. The apartheid government had severely impacted all spheres and institutions of society, including education. In this interview, Vivek Vellanki asks Doctor Yusuf…

  11. The Design and Implementation of a Prototype Web-Portal for the Integrated Mobile Alerting System (IMAS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    Thesis Advisor: Gurminder Singh Second Reader: Magdi Kamel THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT...Gurminder Singh Thesis Advisor Magdi Kamel Second Reader Dan Boger Chairman, Department of Information Sciences iv

  12. Corrigendum to ''Note on: 'EMDPLER: A F77 program for modeling the EM response of dipolar sources over the non-magnetic layer earth models' by N.P. Singh and T. Mogi, Computers & Geosciences 36 (2010) 430-440'' [Computers & Geosciences 98 (2017) 94-106

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamie, Majid; Mirzaei, Saeid; Mirzaei, Mahmoud

    2017-03-01

    The authors regret that some of the figures published at Jamie et al. (2017) contain error and/or their captions are not well clear (e.g. the receivers' exact locations have not been mentioned); hereby we present correct and more expressive alternatives to these figures. The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.

  13. America COMPETES Act: Programs, Funding, and Selected Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-17

    Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, October 2007). 49 J. Bhagwati , The World is Not Flat, Wall Street Journal, August 4, 2005. Vivek Wadhwa, Gary...Act of 1991 (H.R. 1068/Baird); the National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 2007 (H.R. 1867/Baird); the Technology Innovation and...and Execution of the Budget). (Sec. 7024) Amends the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 to revise program requirements for the National High

  14. Pearls and pitfalls for prescribing opioids in a climate of increased provider scrutiny.

    PubMed

    Gedzior, Joanna; Kwong, Arlen

    2017-03-01

    In August 2016, U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy, MD, MBA, issued a letter to healthcare providers requesting aid in addressing "an urgent health crisis facing America: the opioid epidemic." In this article, we address some of the more poignant challenges that surface in treating patients with opiate addiction. We provide an outline of recommendations from the leading medical organizations to educate primary care providers on how to navigate patients to decreased or discontinued medication loads.

  15. A Strategic Approach to Network Defense: Framing the Cloud

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-10

    U.S. Chief Information Officer Vivek Kundra, 25 Point Implementation Plan to Reform Federal Information Technology Management (Washington, DC: The...3 Ibid., 71. 4 U.S. Chief Information Officer, 25 Point Implementation Plan to Reform Federal Information Technology Management , 5. 5 Ibid., 5. 6...Ibid., 73. 56 U.S. Chief Information Officer, 25 Point Implementation Plan to Reform Federal Information Technology Management , 7. 57 Ibid. 58 Ibid

  16. Decentralized Single-beacon Acoustic Navigation: Combined Communication and Navigation for Underwater Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    McCarthy 2002 [76] Multi-Beacon Range-Only SLAM P. Newman, J. Leonard 2003 [71] E. Olson, J. Leonard, S. Teller 2006 [72] G. Kantor and S. Singh 2002...error may be underestimated. Kantor and Singh, 2002 [51] This paper presents several estimation methods applied to the problem of robot localiza- tion...2006, vol. 25, ch. Further Results with Localization and Mapping Using Range from Radio, pp. 231–242. [24] J. Djugash, S. Singh, G. Kantor , and W. Zhang

  17. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: a felicitous approach to esthetic and prosthetic management.

    PubMed

    Singh, Tapan; Singh, Ronauk; Singh, Gurendra Pal; Singh, Jitender Pal

    2013-05-01

    Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary disease characterized by congenital dysplasia of one or more ectodermal structure and other accessory appendages. The oral manifestations are anodontia and poor bony foundation which impairs both esthetic as well as the masticatory function. The prosthodontic management of patients with such dysplastic condition necessitates a multidisciplinary approach. This case report describes the prosthodontic oral rehabilitation of a 16 years old female pediatric patient with ectodermal dysplasia. How to cite this article: Singh T, Singh R, Singh GP, Singh JP. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Felicitous Approach to Esthetic and Prosthetic Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):140-145.

  18. 76 FR 44330 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ..., Seattle, WA 98188, Officers: Charles K. Behrens, President, (Qualifying Individual), Todd L. Halverson..., Jamaica, NY 11434, Officers: Harjinder P. Singh, President/Chief Executive Manager, (Qualifying...

  19. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Felicitous Approach to Esthetic and Prosthetic Management

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Ronauk; Singh, Gurendra Pal; Singh, Jitender pal

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary disease characterized by congenital dysplasia of one or more ectodermal structure and other accessory appendages. The oral manifestations are anodontia and poor bony foundation which impairs both esthetic as well as the masticatory function. The prosthodontic management of patients with such dysplastic condition necessitates a multidisciplinary approach. This case report describes the prosthodontic oral rehabilitation of a 16 years old female pediatric patient with ectodermal dysplasia. How to cite this article: Singh T, Singh R, Singh GP, Singh JP. Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Felicitous Approach to Esthetic and Prosthetic Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(2):140-145. PMID:25206210

  20. Dry Snow Metamorphism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-19

    grained ice. The P.I. is studying ice and firn cores from Greenland and Antarctica under NSF funding using both these methods and a recently...Firn”, Rachel W. Obbard, Ian Baker and Rachel W. Lomonaco, Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers , V. Singh, P. Singh, and U. K. Haritashya (eds

  1. Codes, Ciphers, and Cryptography--An Honors Colloquium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karls, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    At the suggestion of a colleague, I read "The Code Book", [32], by Simon Singh to get a basic introduction to the RSA encryption scheme. Inspired by Singh's book, I designed a Ball State University Honors Colloquium in Mathematics for both majors and non-majors, with material coming from "The Code Book" and many other sources. This course became…

  2. Measurement of Elastic Modulus of Alumina and Barium Strontium Titanate Wafers Produced by Tape Casting Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    TITANATE WAFERS PRODUCED BY TAPE CASTING METHOD Shri N. Singh February 2014 Approved for public release... TAPE CASTING METHOD 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHORS Shri N. Singh 5d. PROJECT...sawing method (pelletizing method), as well as a tape casting technique. Samples of aluminum oxide (alumina) were made by a tape casting method

  3. On the Order of the Stress Singularity for an Anti-Plane Shear Crack at the Interface of Two Bonded Inhomogeneous Elastic Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-11-01

    See also Clements, et al. (1978) and Dhaliwal and Singh (1978).) In the situation that the crack tip terminates at a bimaterial interface between...34The Crack Problem for a Nonhomogeneous Plane," Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 50, pp. 609-614. Dhaliwal , R.S., and Singh, B.M., 1978, "On the

  4. Natural Decompositions of Perceived Transparency: Reply to Albert (2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Barton L.; Singh, Manish; O'Vari, Judit

    2008-01-01

    In M. Singh and B. L. Anderson, the authors proposed a model based on ratios of Michelson contrasts to explain how human observers quantitatively scale the perceived opacity of transparent surfaces. In subsequent work by B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, & J. Meng, the authors found that this model failed to generalize to other contexts and replaced it…

  5. Further Analysis of Picture Interference when Teaching Word Recognition to Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dittlinger, Laura Harper; Lerman, Dorothea C.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research indicates that pairing pictures with associated words when teaching sight-word reading may hinder acquisition (e.g., Didden, Prinsen, & Sigafoos, 2000; Singh & Solman, 1990; Solman & Singh, 1992). The purpose of the current study was to determine whether this phenomenon was due to a previously learned association between the…

  6. Codes, Ciphers, and Cryptography--An Honors Colloquium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karls, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    At the suggestion of a colleague, I read "The Code Book", [32], by Simon Singh to get a basic introduction to the RSA encryption scheme. Inspired by Singh's book, I designed a Ball State University Honors Colloquium in Mathematics for both majors and non-majors, with material coming from "The Code Book" and many other sources. This course became…

  7. Music on the Move: Methodological Applications of Bernstein's Concepts in a Secondary School Music Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPhail, Graham J.

    2016-01-01

    In 2002 Parlo Singh outlined Bernstein's theory of the pedagogic device, elaborating the potential in Bernstein's complex theoretical framework for empirical research. In particular, Singh suggests that Bernstein's concepts provide the means of making explicit the macro and micro structuring of knowledge into pedagogic communication. More…

  8. The New Leader of the Free World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Kevin D.

    2012-01-01

    On January 20, 2009, Dr. Manmohan Singh, the prime minister of India, became the leader of the free world. The free world's attention was focused elsewhere: Senator Barack Obama, who on that day became President Barack Obama, quietly abdicated the role now taken up by Dr. Singh, having run an election campaign premised upon the ever-present but…

  9. Comment on ‘A technique for image encryption using digital signature’

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hernández Encinas, L.; Peinado Domínguez, A.

    2006-12-01

    The security of a recently proposed technique for encryption images by Sinha and Singh [A. Sinha, K. Singh, Opt. Commun. 218 (2003) 229], based on the use of digital signatures and error correcting codes, is analyzed. The proposed cryptosystem is shown to have some weakness. In fact, the secret key and the original image can be recovered efficiently by a brute force attack.

  10. Music on the Move: Methodological Applications of Bernstein's Concepts in a Secondary School Music Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPhail, Graham J.

    2016-01-01

    In 2002 Parlo Singh outlined Bernstein's theory of the pedagogic device, elaborating the potential in Bernstein's complex theoretical framework for empirical research. In particular, Singh suggests that Bernstein's concepts provide the means of making explicit the macro and micro structuring of knowledge into pedagogic communication. More…

  11. The New Leader of the Free World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Kevin D.

    2012-01-01

    On January 20, 2009, Dr. Manmohan Singh, the prime minister of India, became the leader of the free world. The free world's attention was focused elsewhere: Senator Barack Obama, who on that day became President Barack Obama, quietly abdicated the role now taken up by Dr. Singh, having run an election campaign premised upon the ever-present but…

  12. Polymers and Liquid Crystals Symposium held in Boston, Massachusetts on August 19-23, 2007 (Abstracts)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-20

    SCLCPs Coleen Pugh, Anirudha Singh 4:35 PM 5 Morphology of side chain liquid crystalline block copolymers: Influence of liquid crystal content Eric...Anirudha Singh, Coleen Pugh 472 Preparation of supramolecular discotic liquid crystals containing hydrogen bonds Seung Jun Lee, Mikyung You, Jin Woo Kim

  13. The Improved Estimation of Ratio of Two Population Proportions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solanki, Ramkrishna S.; Singh, Housila P.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, first we obtained the correct mean square error expression of Gupta and Shabbir's linear weighted estimator of the ratio of two population proportions. Later we suggested the general class of ratio estimators of two population proportions. The usual ratio estimator, Wynn-type estimator, Singh, Singh, and Kaur difference-type…

  14. Natural Decompositions of Perceived Transparency: Reply to Albert (2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Barton L.; Singh, Manish; O'Vari, Judit

    2008-01-01

    In M. Singh and B. L. Anderson, the authors proposed a model based on ratios of Michelson contrasts to explain how human observers quantitatively scale the perceived opacity of transparent surfaces. In subsequent work by B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, & J. Meng, the authors found that this model failed to generalize to other contexts and replaced it…

  15. High Altitude Warfare: The Kargil Conflict and the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-01

    Table 1. 2 RAJ RIF Acclimatization Program. (From: Amarinder Singh , A Ridge Too Far: War in the Kargil Heights 1999, 195...special thanks also goes to Dr. Douglas Porch, John H. Gill, Surinder Rana and Feroz Khan, who offered valuable expertise, insight and assistance to...suffered approximately 700 casualties.14 Pakistan claimed 13 Amarinder Singh , A Ridge Too Far: War in

  16. Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-23

    Annual Real GDP Growth Rates, 1960-2006 Time period Average annual growth (%) 1960-1978 (pre-reform) 5.3 1979-2005 (post-reform) 9.7 1990 3.8 1991 9.3...low- wage countries, pushing the share of high-wage countries down from a high of about 70% in 1991 . In the 2000-2003 period, when a large increase of...Review, vol. 125, no. 6 (June 2002), pp. 36-49. 62 Jagdish Bhagwati and Vivek Dehejia, “Freer Trade and Wages — Is Marx Striking Again,” in Jagdish

  17. The Surgeon General's Facing Addiction Report: An Historic Document for Healthcare.

    PubMed

    Levy, Sharon; Seale, J Paul; Osborne, Victoria A; Kraemer, Kevin L; Alford, Daniel P; Baxter, Jeffrey; Finnell, Deborah S; Kunins, Hillary; Walley, Alexander Y; Lewis, David C; MacLane-Baeder, Doreen; Gordon, Adam J

    2017-03-22

    The publication of Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General's Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health presents an historic moment not only for the field of addiction medicine, but also for the United States as a nation. The Board of Directors of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA), on behalf of our organization, would like to express our appreciation of the efforts of Dr. Vivek Murthy and the Surgeon General's Office to publish the first surgeon general's report covering substance misuse and substance use disorders.

  18. Major geomagnetic storm due to solar activity (2006-2013).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiwari, Bhupendra Kumar

    Major geomagnetic storm due to solar activity (2006-2013). Bhupendra Kumar Tiwari Department of Physics, A.P.S.University, Rewa(M.P.) Email: - btiwtari70@yahoo.com mobile 09424981974 Abstract- The geospace environment is dominated by disturbances created by the sun, it is observed that coronal mass ejection (CME) and solar flare events are the causal link to solar activity that produces geomagnetic storm (GMS).CMEs are large scale magneto-plasma structures that erupt from the sun and propagate through the interplanetary medium with speeds ranging from only a few km/s to as large as 4000 km/s. When the interplanetary magnetic field associated with CMEs impinges upon the earth’s magnetosphere and reconnect occur geomagnetic storm. Based on the observation from SOHO/LASCO spacecraft for solar activity and WDC for geomagnetism Kyoto for geomagnetic storm events are characterized by the disturbance storm time (Dst) index during the period 2006-2013. We consider here only intense geomagnetic storm Dst <-100nT, are 12 during 2006-2013.Geomagnetic storm with maximum Dst< -155nT occurred on Dec15, 2006 associated with halo CME with Kp-index 8+ and also verify that halo CME is the main cause to produce large geomagnetic storms.

  19. New Maximally Entangled States for Pattern-Association Through Evolutionary Processes in a Two-Qubit System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Manu Pratap; Rajput, Balwant S.

    2017-04-01

    New set of maximally entangled states (Singh-Rajput MES), constituting orthonormal eigen bases, has been revisited and its superiority and suitability in pattern-association (Quantum Associative Memory, QuAM) have been demonstrated. Using these MES as memory states in the evolutionary process of pattern storage in a two-qubit system, it has been shown that the first two states of Singh-Rajput MES are useful for storing the pattern |11> and the last two of these MES are useful in storing the pattern |10> Recall operations of quantum associate memory (QuAM) have been conducted through evolutionary process in terms of unitary operators by separately choosing Singh-Rajput MES and Bell's MES as memory states and it has been shown that Singh-Rajput MES as valid memory states for recalling the patterns in a two-qubit system are much more suitable than Bell's MES.

  20. Zinc in diet

    MedlinePlus

    ... reduce your risk of becoming sick with the common cold. Starting to take zinc supplements within 24 hours ... 26. Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2013;(6):CD001364. PMID: ...

  1. Erratum

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Cherian J, Singh R, Varma M, Vidyasagar S, Mukhopadhyay C. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant pyogenic liver abscess: a case report. J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep. 2016;4(3):1-3. doi: 10.1177/2324709616660576

  2. Why human health and health ethics must be central to climate change deliberations.

    PubMed

    Singh, Jerome Amir

    2012-01-01

    Jerome Singh argues that health ethics principles must be afforded equal status to economics principles in climate change deliberations, and that the health community must play more of a leadership role.

  3. 77 FR 68202 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-15

    .... Jones (MD) Bruce T. Loughary (AR) Kenny Y. Louie (CA) Wayne R. Mantela (KY) Kenneth D. May (AL) Carl M...) Ranjodh Singh (MA) Mark A. Thornton (WA) Roy F. Varnado, Jr. (LA) Michael J. Welle (MN) Eugene E. Wright...

  4. International Conference on Human Relations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Festinger , Sherif, Ex, Rohrer, Pinto, Singh, and Mailhiot. One outcome of the Conference was the formation of a working committee to establish an International Documentation and Information Center for the field of Human Relations.

  5. New Maximally Entangled States and Pattern Classification in Two-Qubit System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Manu Pratap; Rajput, B. S.

    2014-09-01

    Pattern classifications have been performed by employing the method of Grover's iteration on Bell's MES and Singh-Rajput MES in two-qubit system and it has been demonstrated that for any pattern classification in a two-qubit system the maximally entangled states of Singh-Rajput eigen basis provide the most suitable choice of search states while in no case any of Bell's states is suitable for such pattern classifications.

  6. Trajectory Optimization With Detection Avoidance for Visually Identifying an Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Thesis Supervisor Certified by Brent Appleby Lecturer in Aeronautics and CSDL Technical Supervisor Thesis Advisor Accepted by Jaime Peraire Professor of...Leena Singh Title: Senior Member of the Technical Staff Thesis Advisor: Dr. Brent Appleby Title: Division Leader - Control, Information, and Decision...Systems 3 [This page intentionally left blank.] Acknowledgments I would like to thank my advisors Leena Singh and Brent Appleby for their help with this

  7. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 2. Confirmation/Quantification Stage 2, Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. Appendices. Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-01

    the Florida Pollution Control Association. November 1984. With U. Singh, K. Cable, T. Emenhiser, J.I. Garcia - Bengochea, and J. Orban. Remedial...Conference of the Water Pollution Control Federation. October 1984. With U. Singh, T. Emenhiser, J.I. Garcia -Bengochea, and J. 5i Orban. Remedical...Emenhiser, J.I. Garcia -Bengochea, and J. Orban. Sampling the Biscayne Aquifer for Toxic Pollutants. Proceedings of the Conference on Municipal, Hazardous

  8. Targeting the MTA 1s-LM04 Pathway in Hormone Resistance

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    Chem. 277(10):7849-56, 2002. 5. Kumar R. Wang RA. Mazumdar A. Talukder AH. Mandal M. Yang Z. Bagheri- Yarmand R. Sahin A. Hortobagyi G. Adam L. Barnes...Singh RR. Barnes CJ Talukder AH. Fuqua SAW. and Kumar R. Negative regulation of estrogen receptor alpha transactivation functions by LIM domain only 4...protein. Cancer Res. 65(22):10594-601, 2005. Appendices Appendix 1. Singh RR. Barnes CJ Talukder AH. Fuqua SAW. and Kumar R. Negative

  9. Is China a Threat to the U.S. Economy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-10

    growth (%) 1960-1978 (pre-reform) 5.3 1979-2005 (post-reform) 9.7 1990 3.8 1991 9.3 1992 14.2 1993 14.0 1994 13.1 1995 10.9 1996 10.0 1997 9.3 1998 7.8...from a high of about 70% in 1991 . In the 2000-2003 period, when a large increase of imports from China CRS-28 45 Raymond J. Mataloni Jr., “A Note on... Bhagwati and Vivek Dehejia, “Freer Trade and Wages — Is Marx Striking Again,” in Jagdish Bhagwati and Marvin Kosters, eds., Trade and Wages:Leveling Wages

  10. Association of ABO Blood Group and Rh factor with Periodontal Disease in a Population of Virajpet, Karnataka: A Cross-Sectional Study

    PubMed Central

    Vivek, S; Jain, Jithesh; Simon, Sequiera Peter; Battur, Hemanth; Supreetha, S; Haridas, Reshmi

    2013-01-01

    Background: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether there was an association between periodontal diseases and ABO blood groups. Materials & Methods: An epidemiological study was was carried out on 220 subjects who were randomly selected from individuals referred for periodontal treatment or for other reasons regarding Oral health at Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences. Results: The findings of our study revealed that subject’s blood group O (65.8) and Rh positive (73.33%) had a greater propensity for periodontitis. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed blood groups and Rh factor can act as a determinant of periodontitis. How to cite this article: Vivek S, Jain J, Simon SP, Battur H, Supreetha S, Haridas R. Association of ABO Blood Group and Rh factor with Periodontal Disease in a Population of Virajpet, Karnataka: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(4):30-34. PMID:24155617

  11. Association of ABO Blood Group and Rh factor with Periodontal Disease in a Population of Virajpet, Karnataka: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    PubMed

    Vivek, S; Jain, Jithesh; Simon, Sequiera Peter; Battur, Hemanth; Supreetha, S; Haridas, Reshmi

    2013-08-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine whether there was an association between periodontal diseases and ABO blood groups. An epidemiological study was was carried out on 220 subjects who were randomly selected from individuals referred for periodontal treatment or for other reasons regarding Oral health at Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences. The findings of our study revealed that subject's blood group O (65.8) and Rh positive (73.33%) had a greater propensity for periodontitis. The results of the present study revealed blood groups and Rh factor can act as a determinant of periodontitis. How to cite this article: Vivek S, Jain J, Simon SP, Battur H, Supreetha S, Haridas R. Association of ABO Blood Group and Rh factor with Periodontal Disease in a Population of Virajpet, Karnataka: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(4):30-34.

  12. Bone mineral density in young Indian adults with traumatic proximal femoral fractures. A case control study.

    PubMed

    Gulati, Divesh; Kumar, Sudhir; Arora, Anil; Aggarwal, Aditya Nath; Bhargava, S K

    2010-06-01

    There is scarcity of data on osteoporosis in India for the age group of 20-40 years when peak bone mass is achieved. This study aimed to assess bone mineral density (BMD) in patients in this age group with traumatic proximal femoral fractures, and to compare it with age matched controls. Thirty patients aged 20 to 40 years with traumatic proximal femoral fractures and 30 healthy volunteers within the same age group were included in the study. Radiographs of the pelvis were taken to determine the Singh index, and DEXA scan of the unaffected hip was done to assess BMD. Fracture cases were compared with controls for significant difference in BMD. The male to female ratio of the study was 2:1. Based on Singh's index, 60% of fracture cases and 20% of controls were osteoporotic. T scores by DEXA revealed that 24 patients with fracture and 22 controls had osteopenia or osteoporosis. There was a significant difference in the Singh index between the two groups and no significant difference in BMD assessed by DEXA scan. No agreement was found between BMD determined by DEXA and Singh's index. The study points that our population fails to attain an adequate peak bone mass. It also questions the applicability of Western data to Indian population. The findings also indicate that Singh's Index cannot substitute DEXA for diagnosis of osteoporosis.

  13. Telemetry interference incorrectly interpreted as evidence for lightning and present-day volcanism at Venus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, Harry A., Jr.; Cloutier, Paul A.

    1988-01-01

    Spike-like responses to interruptions in the data recorded by the Pioneer Venus Orbiter electric field detector, identified as broadband whistler noise by Singh and Russell (1986), are analyzed. It is shown that these spikes are nonphysical artifacts of the processing of interruptions in telemetry data, and that they are readily distinguishable from other nonartificial noise apppearing in the measurements. It is suggested that key portions of the results of Singh and Russell are compromised by the inclusion of the artificial data. It is concluded that the present electric field data set provides no evidence for inferring the presence of either lighning or present-day volcanism at Venus.

  14. Three species of opisthomonorchiine monorchiids (Digenea) in Carangoides spp. (Perciformes: Carangidae) from off New Caledonia, with a description of Opisthomonorchis dinema n. sp.

    PubMed

    Bray, Rodney A; Justine, Jean-Lou

    2013-06-01

    Three opisthomonorchiinae species are described from fishes obtained at the Fish Market in Nouméa, New Caledonia. Opisthomonorchis dinema n. sp. from Carangoides dinema Bleeker differs from the other recognised species in the genus by the long recurved genital atrium, arcing anteriorly. Also described are Opisthomonorchis carangis Yamaguti, 1952 from Carangoides sp. and Pseudopisthomonorchis thapari (Varma & Singh, 1979) n. comb. for Opisthomonorchis thapari Varma & Singh, 1979 from Carangoides chrysophrys (Cuvier). The features distinguishing Opisthomonorchis Yamaguti, 1952 and Pseudopisthomonorchis Madhavi, 1974 are discussed.

  15. Comment on 'A re-examination of impulsive VLF signals in the night ionosphere of Venus'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, H. A., Jr.; Cloutier, P. A.

    1991-01-01

    Taylor and Cloutier (TC, 1988) previously argued that Singh and Russell (SR, 1986) wrongly identified telemetry interference as VLF broadband signals originating in Venus 'lightning events'. A response was made by Russell and Singh (RS, 1989). This comment criticizes RS, arguing that the SR did not distinguish between signal and noise and that RS makes false claims about the SR analysis. In a reply to TC, Russell argues that the SR paper, while flawed, was not intended to be quantitative and succeeds in bringing attention to the morphology of the signals seen in the upper three channels of the Pioneer Venus electric field detector.

  16. Surface Structure and Chemistry in the Epitaxial Growth of Cadmium Telluride on Silicon

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-21

    resulted from this work. (a) Papers published in peer-reviewed journals (N/A for none) C. Fulk , R. Sporken, J. Dumont, D. Zavitz, M. Trenary, B. Gupta...surface”, J. Electron. Mater. 34, 839-845 (2005). C. Fulk , S. Sivananthan, D. Zavitz, R. Singh, M. Trenary, Y. P. Chen, G. Brill, and N. Dhar, “The...journals: A. Evstigneeva, D. H. Zavitz, R. Singh , C. Fulk , G. Badano, S. Sivananthan, R. Sporken, and M. Trenary, “Surface Science Studies of Arsenic

  17. Comment on 'A re-examination of impulsive VLF signals in the night ionosphere of Venus'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, H. A.; Cloutier, P. A.

    1991-04-01

    Taylor and Cloutier (TC, 1988) previously argued that Singh and Russell (SR, 1986) wrongly identified telemetry interference as VLF broadband signals originating in Venus 'lightning events'. A response was made by Russell and Singh (RS, 1989). This comment criticizes RS, arguing that the SR did not distinguish between signal and noise and that RS makes false claims about the SR analysis. In a reply to TC, Russell argues that the SR paper, while flawed, was not intended to be quantitative and succeeds in bringing attention to the morphology of the signals seen in the upper three channels of the Pioneer Venus electric field detector.

  18. Hartley-ross type variance estimators in simple random sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadilar, Cem; Cekim, Hatice Oncel

    2017-07-01

    In this article, we have improved some unbiased ratio type estimators for estimating the finite population variance of the study variable. The proposed estimators are developed with the aid of the variance estimators given by Upadhyaya and Singh [8] and Kadilar and Cingi [1] in simple random sampling. We have derived the expressions of the variance of the proposed estimators. We have obtained the comparison conditions for which the variance values of the proposed estimators are smaller than MSE values of estimators given in Upadhyaya and Singh [8] and Kadilar and Cingi [1]. The real data set taken from the literature is used for the numerical comparisons.

  19. Hartley-Ross type variance estimators in simple random sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadilar, Cem; Cekim, Hatice Oncel

    2017-07-01

    In this article, we have improved some unbiased ratio type estimators for estimating the finite population variance of the study variable. The proposed estimators are developed with the aid of the variance estimators given by Upadhyaya and Singh [8] and Kadilar and Cingi [4] in simple random sampling. We have derived the expressions of the variance of the proposed estimators. We have obtained the comparison conditions for which the variance values of the proposed estimators are smaller than MSE values of estimators given in Upadhyaya and Singh [8] and Kadilar and Cingi [4]. The real data set taken from the literature is used for the numerical comparisons.

  20. Multifunctional Toxin Decontamination Coatings for Sustained Protection of People and the Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-11-17

    barriers are hazardous and cause disposal problem • Impermeable barriers cause heat and perspiration ● Selective Adsorption - Activated charcoal...aprons • Easy-breath masks 3. Surface Protection: • Appliqué • Paper Towel/Wipes 11.17.2004 SINGH_NRL 10 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: Poly-β- Cyclodextrin ...0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 0 50 100 150 200 Bed Volumes C a / C a o 11.17.2004 SINGH_NRL 11 ENZYME COATED POLY-β- CYCLODEXTRIN BEADS Toxic Medium o o oo o o o

  1. Configuration Synthesis and Efficient Motion Programming of Robot Manipulators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-15

    Gupta and Ma 90- Robotica 8:81-84]. When a set of discrete stations are specified along a robot task path, it becomes necessary to find a related...velocity Jacobian relations for the manipulator [Singh 87-MS Thesis][Gupta and Singh 89- Robotica 7:159-1641 and [Cheng 89-PhD Thesis][Cheng and Gupta...1987; Robotica 7:159-164, 1989 (revised). K. C. Gupta, "Kinematics of a Robot with Continuous Roll Wrist," IEEE J. Robotics and Automation 4(4):440-443

  2. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 5. The Next Particle

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 5. The Next Particle The "sparticle" - a super symmetric partner to all the known particles could be the answer to uniting all the known particles and their interactions under one grand theoretical pattern of activity. But how do researchers know where to look for such phenomena and how do they know if they find them? Simon Singh reviews the next particle that physicists would like to find if the current particle theories are to ring true.

  3. Comment on 'Further evidence for lightning at Venus'

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Taylor, H. A., Jr.; Cloutier, P. A.

    1987-01-01

    In contradiction to the findings of Singh and Russell (1986), the Pioneer Venus Orbiter (PVO) electric-field data are not found to provide evidence for either lightning or volcanism at Venus. It is suggested that the noise considered by Singh and Russell to be clustered at low altitudes actually appears frequently at high altitudes. The frequent appearance of the broadband noise in the upper ionosphere indicates that this noise, like that attributed to lightning by Scarf et al. (1980), is actually generated within the ionosphere near the PVO by the solar wind interaction with the ionosphere.

  4. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 5. The Next Particle

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-08

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 5. The Next Particle The "sparticle" - a super symmetric partner to all the known particles could be the answer to uniting all the known particles and their interactions under one grand theoretical pattern of activity. But how do researchers know where to look for such phenomena and how do they know if they find them? Simon Singh reviews the next particle that physicists would like to find if the current particle theories are to ring true.

  5. Stimuli Responsive Amphiphilic Assemblies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-18

    Enzyme- Sensitive, Amphiphilic- Dendrimer -Based Nanoparticles through Photochemical Crosslinking, Chemistry - A European Journal, (10 2011): 0. doi...17, 2012 (Organizers: R. P. Singh) 8th International Dendrimer Symposium (IDS-8), Madrid, Spain, June 23-27, 2013 (Organizers: Dr. M’Angeles

  6. Notice of Withdrawal.

    PubMed

    2015-03-27

    Notice of Withdrawal: 'Odanacatib restores trabecular bone of skeletally mature female rabbits with osteopenia but induces brittleness of cortical bone: a comparative study of the investigational drug with PTH, Estrogen and Alendronate' by Mohd. Parvez Khan, Atul Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Pragya Shrivastava, Mahesh Chandra Tiwari, Geet Kumar Nagar, Himangshu Kousik Bora, Venkitanarayanan Parameswaran, Sabyasachi Sanyal, Jayesh R. Bellare and Naibedya Chattopadhyay The above article from the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, published online on 27 March 2015 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been withdrawn by agreement between the journal's editor-in-chief, Juliet E. Compston, the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This action has been agreed due to an error at the publishers which caused a duplicate of the article to be published on 22 September 2015. The correct version of the article is to be found at: 'Odanacatib restores trabecular bone of skeletally mature female rabbits with osteopenia but induces brittleness of cortical bone: a comparative study of the investigational drug with PTH, Estrogen and Alendronate' by Mohd. Parvez Khan, Atul Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Pragya Shrivastava, Mahesh Chandra Tiwari, Geet Kumar Nagar, Himangshu Kousik Bora, Venkitanarayanan Parameswaran, Sabyasachi Sanyal, Jayesh R. Bellare and Naibedya Chattopadhyay (doi: 10.1002/jbmr.2719).

  7. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    speculation and putting the cart before the horse. The borders between many countries in the world are changing all the time in conformity with...Minister Rajiv Gandhi and home minister, Buta Singh. In a brief interview with SUNDAY, Abdullah holds forth on the roots of the problem of

  8. EFFECT OF THREE DIFFERENT SIZED FRACTIONS OF OUTDOOR PM ON INFLAMMATORY AND OXIDATIVE MARKERS IN VIVO

    EPA Science Inventory

    EFFECT OF THREE DIFFERENT SIZED FRACTIONS OF OUTDOOR PM ON INFLAMMATORY MARKERS IN VIVO
    C A J Dick', P Singh2, P. Evansky3, S Becker3 and M I Gilmour3.
    'Center For Environmental Medicine and Lung Biology, UNC, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 2NCSU, Raleigh, NC 'Experimental Toxicolog...

  9. COMPARISON OF PULMONARY RESPONSES TO AUTOMOBILE-GENERATED AND NIST STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIAL DIESEL PARTICULATE EMISSIONS IN MICE

    EPA Science Inventory

    COMPARISON OF PULMONARY RESPONSES TO AUTOMOBILE-GENERATED AND NIST STANDARD REFERENCE MATERIAL DIESEL PARTICULATE EMISSIONS IN MICE. P. Singh1, C.A.J. Dick2, J. Richards3, M.J. Daniels3, and M.I. Gilmour3. 1NCSU, Raleigh, NC, 2UNC, Chapel Hill, NC and 3 USEPA, ORD, NHEERL, (ETD,...

  10. 3D Priors for Scene Learning from a Single View

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    Conference on Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects, 2006. [13] Seemann, E., Leibe, B. and Schiele , B., "Multi-aspect detection of articulated objects...Seemann, E. and Schiele , B., "Pedestrian detection in crowded scenes." CVPR, 2005. [16] Wang, J. J. L. and Singh, S., "Video analysis of human

  11. Adaptation of Advanced Diesel Engines for Military Requirements Under Severe Environmental Conditions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Candidate, Wayne State University 2. Inderpal Singh, Ph. D Applicant , Wyne State University 3. Naeim A. Henein, Professor and Director of Center for...23 Appendix C: SAE 2003-01-0699 ....................................... 47 Appendix D : SAE.2004-01-0931...Appendix D : Zhong, L., Henein, N. A., Bryzik, W., "Effect of Smoothing the Pressure Trace on the Interpretation of Experimental Data for Combustion in

  12. Development of Multidisciplinary, Multifidelity Analysis, Integration, and Optimization of Aerospace Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-27

    Optimization," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronics Systems, Vol. 34, 817-823. Singh, G. and Grandhi, R. V., "Mixed-Variable Optimization...containing the design space S. AS3. The objective function (the augmented Lagrangian function), , satisfies a Lipschitz condition. In words, the

  13. The Disorderly, Undisciplined State of the Good Order and Discipline Term

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-02-16

    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE DISORDERLY, UNDISCIPLINED STATE OF THE “ GOOD ORDER AND DISCIPLINE” TERM by Jeremy S. Weber, Colonel...USAF A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation Requirements Advisor: Dr. Naunihal N. Singh 16...February 2016 DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. ii DISCLAIMER The views expressed in this academic research

  14. Compressive Sensing for Radar and Radar Sensor Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-02

    27] Hong-Sam Le, Qilian Liang, “Joint Multi-target Identification and Classification in Cognitive Radar Sensor Networks,” International Journal of Wireless Information Networks , vol...Networks," International Journal of Wireless Information Networks , vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 100-107, 2011. 8. Sukhvinder Singh, Qilian Liang, Dechang

  15. The Mathematics of "Star Trek"--An Honors Colloquium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karls, Michael A.

    2011-01-01

    After the success of a course on cryptography for a general audience, based on Simon Singh's "The Code Book" [49], I decided to try again and create a mathematics course for a general audience based on "The Physics of Star Trek" by Lawrence Krauss [32]. This article looks at the challenges of designing a physics-based mathematics course "from…

  16. Cosmopolitanism and Rural Education: A Conversation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Carol

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, recent research into the global movement of teachers [C. Reid, J. Collins, and M. Singh. 2014. "Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee." Singapore: Springer] and their experiences in rural areas of Australia are discussed in order to make the case for a cosmopolitan education theory…

  17. Postscript: Qualitative and Quantitative Processes in the Perception of Achromatic Transparency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2008-01-01

    All of the data reported in Robilotto, Khang, and Zaidi (2002) Robilotto and Zaidi (2004), and Singh and Anderson (2002) are consistent with Robilotto and Zaidi's theory that perceived transparency (or opacity) is determined by the perceived contrast of the filter region. Kasrai and Kingdom's (2001) results also appear largely consistent with the…

  18. Behavioral and Temporal Pattern Detection Within Financial Data With Hidden Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    The StateRover, http://www.time-rover.com [Si] S. Singh, The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography . London......OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for

  19. Telecommunications Policy in the Caribbean: A Case Study of Telecommunications in Jamaica and Cuba

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE OF CONTENTS I.  INTRODUCTION ............................................1  A.  DESCRIPTION AND BACKGROUND ...will never be forgotten. xvi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 1 I. INTRODUCTION A. DESCRIPTION AND BACKGROUND The growth of the...Second Reader: Gurminder Singh THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704– 0188 Public reporting

  20. Strategic Human Resource Development. Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains three papers on strategic human resource (HR) development. "Strategic HR Orientation and Firm Performance in India" (Kuldeep Singh) reports findings from a study of Indian business executives that suggests there is a positive link between HR policies and practices and workforce motivation and loyalty and…

  1. Adult Learning and the Future of Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Madhu, Ed.

    This book contains 15 papers: "Introduction" (Madhu Singh); "Adult Learning and the Transformation of Work" (Paul Belanger); "Future of Work and Adult Learning" (Ettore Gelpi); "The Obligation of Education in the Face of Globalisation" (Nicole Arnaud); "Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and…

  2. Four Methods of Handling Missing Data in Predicting Educational Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witta, E. Lea

    Four methods of handling missing data were applied to missing values for variables selected from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. Variables used were those selected by K. Singh and M. Ozturk (1999) for a study concerning high school students' academic achievement and work. Samples selected consisted of 100 cases, 300 cases, and…

  3. Fictionalized Indian English Speech and the Representations of Ideology in Indian Novels in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muthiah, Kalaivahni

    2009-01-01

    I investigate the spoken dialogue of four Indian novels in English: Mulk Raj Anand's "Untouchable" (1935), Khushwant Singh's "Train to Pakistan" (1956), Rasipuram Krishnaswami Narayan's "The World of Nagaraj" (1990), and Rohinton Mistry's "Family Matters" (2002). Roger Fowler has said that literature, as a form of discourse, articulates ideology;…

  4. Postscript: Qualitative and Quantitative Processes in the Perception of Achromatic Transparency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2008-01-01

    All of the data reported in Robilotto, Khang, and Zaidi (2002) Robilotto and Zaidi (2004), and Singh and Anderson (2002) are consistent with Robilotto and Zaidi's theory that perceived transparency (or opacity) is determined by the perceived contrast of the filter region. Kasrai and Kingdom's (2001) results also appear largely consistent with the…

  5. From Village to the World: Books with Hope

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asher, Rikki

    2008-01-01

    The Pardada Pardadi Girls Vocational School (PPGVS) in India was established in 2000 by Virendera (Sam) Singh, a retired U.S. Dupont South Asia department head to address the issue of gender bias in India. According to the school's website, nearly half of India's population is illiterate: males outnumber females two-to-one in literacy and drop-out…

  6. Evaluating outreach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCracken, Shane

    2015-12-01

    In reply to the physicsworld.com blog post “Quantifying the success of public engagement” (22 October, http://ow.ly/TIWYJ), which discussed criticisms (made by science writer Simon Singh) of certain projects designed to boost interest in science.

  7. The Mathematics of "Star Trek"--An Honors Colloquium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karls, Michael A.

    2011-01-01

    After the success of a course on cryptography for a general audience, based on Simon Singh's "The Code Book" [49], I decided to try again and create a mathematics course for a general audience based on "The Physics of Star Trek" by Lawrence Krauss [32]. This article looks at the challenges of designing a physics-based mathematics course "from…

  8. A Framework for Inclusion: Plurilingual Teachers in Day and Community Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruickshank, Ken

    2015-01-01

    Linguistic and cultural diversity is becoming a feature of the teaching profession in OECD countries with the increase in global migration and mobility (Reid, Collins & Singh, 2014). Plurilingual teachers, however, tend to experience marginalisation in terms of gaining employment and in their workplace experiences. Although there is a body of…

  9. Mechanisms of Modal and Amodal Interpolation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2007-01-01

    P. J. Kellman and T. F. Shipley (1992) and P. J. Kellman, P. Garrigan, and T. F. Shipley (2005) suggested that completion of partly occluded objects and illusory objects involve the same or similar mechanisms at critical stages of contour interpolation. B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, and R. W. Fleming and B. L. Anderson (2007) presented a number of…

  10. Principles of Contour Information: Reply to Lim and Leek (2012)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Manish; Feldman, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    Lim and Leek (2012) presented a formalization of information along object contours, which they argued was an alternative to the approach taken in our article (Feldman & Singh, 2005). Here, we summarize the 2 approaches, showing that--notwithstanding Lim and Leek's (2012) critical rhetoric--their approach is substantially identical to ours,…

  11. Children with Multiple Disabilities and Minimal Motor Behavior Using Chin Movements to Operate Microswitches to Obtain Environmental Stimulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Tota, Alessia; Antonucci, Massimo; Oliva, Doretta

    2006-01-01

    In these two studies, two children with multiple disabilities and minimal motor behavior were assessed to see if they could use chin movements to operate microswitches to obtain environmental stimulation. In Study I, we applied an adapted version of a recently introduced electronic microswitch [Lancioni, G. E., O'Reilly, M. F., Singh, N. N.,…

  12. The Moderating Role of Adult Connections in High School Students' Sense of School Belonging

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tillery, Amy Dutton

    2009-01-01

    Researchers have demonstrated that students who had a strong sense of school belonging exhibited greater academic motivation and performance (E. Anderman, 2002; Faircloth & Hamm, 2005), had fewer emotional and behavioral difficulties (Furrer & Skinner, 2003; McMahon, Singh, Garner, & Benhorin; 2004), and were less likely to dropout of…

  13. They Can Still Act Chinese and Be Canadian at the Same Time: Reflections on Multiculturalism and the Alberta Art Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eiserman, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores how Canadian identity remains a white identity through an examination of the ways in which cultural diversity in Canada has been promoted and controlled in law and in practice through Jakeet Singh's (2004) notion of "culture-blind multiculturalism." It then turns to one instance of this kind of myopic cultural…

  14. Bringing the concepts of peer coaches and local health workers from Africa to Harlem.

    PubMed

    Singh, Prabhjot

    2012-12-01

    Prabhjot Singh, a PhD scientist and medical resident, saw the effectiveness of community health workers while working in Africa. Now he helps run a New York-based organization that trains peer coaches to help struggling Americans manage their health.

  15. Age, Gender and Job Satisfaction among Elementary School Head Teachers in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghazi, Safdar Rehman; Maringe, Felix

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore general job satisfaction of elementary school head teachers in Pakistan with respect to their age and gender. One hundred and eighty head teachers were sampled from government elementary schools of Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan, to collect the relevant data using a modified version of the Minnesota…

  16. Teaching with the Flow: Fixity and Fluidity in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennycook, Alastair

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I suggest that as educators we need to understand that the spaces and cultures our students inhabit are to be found not so much in predefinitions of cultural background or in studies of classrooms as cultural spaces as in the transcultural flows with which our students engage. Thus, my argument is not only that, as Singh and Doherty…

  17. Proof of Concept Demonstration of the Hybrid Remotely Operated Vehicle (HROV) Light Fiber Tether System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    capable of exploring and mapping the seafloor with sonars, cameras, and other on-board sensors . Nereus can be converted at sea to become a remotely...San Diego, CA [4] D.R. Yoerger, A.M. Bradley. B.B.Walden, H. Singh, and R. Bachmayer. Surveying a Subsea Lava Fleow using the Autonomous Benthic

  18. Fictionalized Indian English Speech and the Representations of Ideology in Indian Novels in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muthiah, Kalaivahni

    2009-01-01

    I investigate the spoken dialogue of four Indian novels in English: Mulk Raj Anand's "Untouchable" (1935), Khushwant Singh's "Train to Pakistan" (1956), Rasipuram Krishnaswami Narayan's "The World of Nagaraj" (1990), and Rohinton Mistry's "Family Matters" (2002). Roger Fowler has said that literature, as a form of discourse, articulates ideology;…

  19. Examining the Effects of Jyoti Meditation on Stress and the Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Daniel; Conley, Abigail H.; Young, Mark

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined whether Jyoti meditation (JM), a spiritually based meditation (Singh, 2012), influenced student counselors' (N = 60) level of stress and emotional intelligence (EI). Results from a randomized controlled trial and growth curve analysis provided a multilevel model in which JM reduced stress and EI moderated the effect.

  20. CYTOTOXICITY AND CELL SIGNALING IN MH-S CELLS: RELATIVE POTENCY OF DIESEL AND COAL COMBUSTION PARTICLES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Cytotoxicity and Cell Signaling in MH-S Cells: Relative Potency of Diesel and Coal Combustion Particles P. Singh1, Y. Kostetski2, M. Daniels1, T. Stevens3 and MI Gilmour 1USEPA, RTP, NC, 2National University of Singapore, Singapore, 3University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC<...

  1. COMPARATIVE TOXICITY OF DIFFERENT EMISSION PARTICLES IN MURINE PULMONARY EPITHELIAL CELLS AND MACROPHAGES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Comparative Toxicity of Different Emission Particles in Murine Pulmonary Epithelial Cells and Macrophages. T Stevens1, M Daniels2, P Singh2, M I Gilmour2. 1 UNC, Chapel Hill 27599 2Experimental Toxicology Division, NHEERL, RTP, NC 27711

    Epidemiological studies have shown ...

  2. Persistence of Early Emerging Aberrant Behavior in Children with Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark; Itchon, Jonathan; Sigafoos, Jeff

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the persistence of early emerging aberrant behavior in 13 preschool children with developmental disabilities. The severity of aberrant behavior was assessed every 6 months over a 3-year period. Teachers completed the assessments using the Aberrant Behavior Checklist [Aman, M. G., & Singh, N. N. (1986). "Aberrant…

  3. Dynamic Data Driven Applications Systems (DDDAS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-03

    response) – Earthquakes, hurricanes, tornados, wildfires, floods , landslides, tsunamis, … • Critical Infrastructure systems – Electric-powergrid...Computational Workflow Diagram SHM Sensitivity analysis, optimization, control codes: Ensemble runs (launched in parallel) using stochastic collocation...Unlimited Distribution DDDAS Approach To Volcanic Ash Transport & Dispersal Forecast A. Patra, M. Bursik, E. B. Pitman, P. Singla, T. Singh, M. Jones

  4. Dynamic Data Driven Applications Systems (DDDAS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-06

    Theory Simulations Measurements Sensor Management Forecasting , Prediction Operational Condition Fidelity Filtering Mission Management User...Volcanic Ash Transport & Dispersal Forecast A. Patra, M. Bursik, E. B. Pitman, P. Singla, T. Singh, M. Jones – Univ at Buffalo; M. Pavolonis Univ...sensors for ash detection PCQ: Ensemble BENT-PUFF Satellite Image Wind-Field (Data + NWP) Source Parameter pdf NWP Ensembles /AGMM High

  5. Exploring Klein Bottles through Pottery: A STEAM Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Christopher E.; Paré, Jana N.

    2016-01-01

    While one author was reading "The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets by Simon Singh" (2013) in preparation for a presentation, the second author asked what in the book would be interesting to discuss. The topic of Klein bottles was on the first author's mind at that moment, so he tried to describe and explain the form to her--a real…

  6. MRI-DTI Tractography to Quantify Brain Connectivity in Traumatic Brain Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    to Traumatic Brain Injury and Alzheimer Disease ”, 5-th International Annual Symposium of the Brain Mapping and Intraoperative Surgical Planning... Alzheimer Disease , Proc Intl Soc Mag Reson Med 15: 343, 2007. 9. Singh M and Jeong J-W, “ICA based multi-fiber tractography” Proceedings, 17-th

  7. CHARACTERIZATION OF IMMEDIATE AND LATE PHASE AIRWAY RESPONSES TO HOUSE DUST MITE CHALLENGE IN BROWN NORWAY RATS AND CORRELATIONS AMONG PHYSIOLOGICAL MEDIATORS

    EPA Science Inventory

    CHARACTERIZATION OF IMMEDIATE AND LATE PHASE AIRWAY RESPONSES TO HOUSE DUST MITE CHALLENGE IN BROWN NORWAY RATS AND CORRELATIONS AMONG PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL MEDIATORS (P.
    SinghI, D.W. Winsett2, M.J. Daniels2, J. Richards2, K. Crissman2, D.L. Doerfler2 and M.I. Gilmour2, 1NCSU, Ra...

  8. DIESEL AND CARBON PARTICLES ENHANCE HOUSE DUST MITE-INDUCED PULMONARY HYPERSENSITIVITY IN BROWN NORWAY RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Diesel and Carbon Particles Enhance House Dust Mite-Induced Pulmonary Hypersensitivity in Brown Norway Rats. P. Singh1, M.J. Daniels2, D. Winsett2, J. Richards2, K. Crissman2, M. Madden2 and M.I. Gilmour2. 1NCSU, Raleigh, NC and 2 USEPA, Research Triangle Park, NC.

    Ep...

  9. COMPARATIVE TOXICITY OF DIFFERENT EMISSION PARTICLES IN MURINE PULMONARY EPITHELIAL CELLS AND MACROPHAGES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Comparative Toxicity of Different Emission Particles in Murine Pulmonary Epithelial Cells and Macrophages. T Stevens1, M Daniels2, P Singh2, M I Gilmour2. 1 UNC, Chapel Hill 27599 2Experimental Toxicology Division, NHEERL, RTP, NC 27711

    Epidemiological studies have shown ...

  10. Complete Genome Sequence of an Evolved Thermotoga maritima Isolate.

    PubMed

    Singh, Raghuveer; Gradnigo, Julien; White, Derrick; Lipzen, Anna; Martin, Joel; Schackwitz, Wendy; Moriyama, Etsuko; Blum, Paul

    2015-05-28

    Thermotoga maritima is a hyperthermophilic bacterium with a small genome (1.86 Mbp). Genome resequencing of Tma200, a derivative produced by experimental microbial evolution, revealed the occurrence of deletions and substitution mutations. Their identification contributes to a better understanding of genome instability in this organism. Copyright © 2015 Singh et al.

  11. Computation of Flow and Heat Transfer in Flow Around a 180 deg Bend.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    were neglected. They also prescribed zero cross-stream velocity components at the inlet plane, but they followed Singh (1974) in imposing a potential...Figur Lef 2h~and fiueloi: prfiesn coloutalins1-a light band figurAes : expeimes ,a t 1(98 0 N 1 ~2. i~ ig. SaL/ .4 FDe 683 Li a 20 III

  12. Two Boys with Multiple Disabilities Increasing Adaptive Responding and Curbing Dystonic/Spastic Behavior via a Microswitch-Based Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Didden, Robert; Oliva, Doretta

    2009-01-01

    A recent study has shown that microswitch clusters (i.e., combinations of microswitches) and contingent stimulation could be used to increase adaptive responding and reduce dystonic/spastic behavior in two children with multiple disabilities [Lancioni, G. E., Singh, N. N., Oliva, D., Scalini, L., & Groeneweg, J. (2003). Microswitch clusters to…

  13. Prospects for Adult Education and Development in Asia and the Pacific. Report of a Regional Seminar (Bangkok, November 24-December 4, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    Adult education and the economic development of the countries of Asia and the Pacific was discussed at a UNESCO conference held in Bangkok in November-December, 1980. The conference was opened by Raja Roy Singh, who emphasized the crucial significance of adult education in national development. He said that development is no longer construed only…

  14. Materials and Manufacturing Processing; Special Issue on Hard Carbon Films

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    15. Singh, R.K., and J. Narayan, Physical Review B, Vol.41, p.8843. (1990). 16. Auciello, 0., A.R. Krauss . A.I. Kingon, and M.S. Amneen, Scanning...Weissmantel, Wiss. Z. Techn. Hochsch. Karl -Marx-Stadt, Vol.22, p.653, (1980). 76. Bakai, A.C., and W.E. Strelnizkij, Strukturnijei fisitscheskie swoistwa

  15. A Comparison of Challenging Behaviour in an Adult Group with Down's Syndrome and Dementia Compared with an Adult Down's Syndrome Group without Dementia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huxley, Adam; Van-Schaik, Paul; Witts, Paul

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated the frequency and severity of challenging behaviour in adults with Down's syndrome with and without signs of dementia. Care staff were interviewed using the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist-Community version (M.G. Aman & N.N. Singh, Slosson, East Aurora, NY, 1994), to investigate the frequency and severity of challenging…

  16. Topics in Culture Learning, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brislin, Richard W., Ed.; Hamnett, Michael P., Ed.

    The first section of this volume includes articles on cross-cultural teaching: "Mau Piailug's Navigation of Hokule'a from Hawaii to Tahiti," by David Lewis; "The New World Order and the Globalization of Social Science: Some Implications for Teaching Cross-Culturally," by Amarjit Singh; "Ponape: Cross-Cultural Contact,…

  17. Characterization of Compressive Creep Behavior of Oxide/Oxide Composite with Monazite Coating at Elevated Temperature

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    Materials, and Structures: A. Ed. Mrityunjay Singh and Todd Jensen. Westerville, OH: The American Ceramic Society, 2001. 5. Antti, M-L, E. Lara-Curzio... Emmanuel E. Boakye, Pavel Mogilevsky, and Michael K. Cinibulk. “Effectiveness of Monazite Coatings in Oxide/Oxide Composites after Long-Term Exposure

  18. Wireless Content Repurposing Architecture for DC Command and Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    COMMAND AND CONTROL by Robert J. Suh September 2003 Thesis Advisor: Gurminder Singh Second Reader: Perry McDowell...data sources , gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this...3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Wireless Content Repurposing Architecture for DC Command and Control

  19. From Village to the World: Books with Hope

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asher, Rikki

    2008-01-01

    The Pardada Pardadi Girls Vocational School (PPGVS) in India was established in 2000 by Virendera (Sam) Singh, a retired U.S. Dupont South Asia department head to address the issue of gender bias in India. According to the school's website, nearly half of India's population is illiterate: males outnumber females two-to-one in literacy and drop-out…

  20. Exploring Klein Bottles through Pottery: A STEAM Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Christopher E.; Paré, Jana N.

    2016-01-01

    While one author was reading "The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets by Simon Singh" (2013) in preparation for a presentation, the second author asked what in the book would be interesting to discuss. The topic of Klein bottles was on the first author's mind at that moment, so he tried to describe and explain the form to her--a real…

  1. Reciprocal Continuity and Common Fixed Point for two Pairs of Self-Maps Satisfying a Generalized Inequality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phaneendra, T.; Swatmaram

    2012-10-01

    We obtain a common fixed point for two pairs of self-maps on a complete metric space, one of which is reciprocally continuous and compatible, while the other weakly compatible, where all the four maps satisfy a generalized inequality. Our result is a significant generalization of that of Singh and Mishra.

  2. EFFECTS OF DIESEL EXHAUST ON PULMONARY RESPONSES DURING ALLERGIC SENSITIZATION TO AEROSOLIZED OVALBUMIN IN BALB/C MICE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Effects of Diesel Exhaust on Pulmonary Responses During Allergic Sensitization to Aerosolized Ovalbumin in BALB/c Mice. P. Singh1, M.J. Daniels1, D. Andrews1, E. Boykin1, W. P. Linak2 and M.I. Gilmour1. 1USEPA, ORD, NHEERL, RTP, NC. 2 USEPA, ORD, NRMRL, RTP, NC.

    Inhala...

  3. Teacher's Professional Development from Vygotskian Optique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shabani, Karim

    2012-01-01

    Vygotsky's concept of ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development) has been recently applied to the context of language teacher education by a number of researchers (e.g. Ohta, 2005; Singh & Richards, 2006; Nassaji & Cumming, 2000). Besides Vygotsky's notion of ZPD, this paper relies on two associated theories from outside the TESOL discipline…

  4. An Academic Survey Concerning High School and University Students' Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving in Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duran, Muharrem

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal differences between attitudes and approaches of students from different types of high school and the first grade of university towards problem solving in chemistry. For this purpose, the scale originally developed by Mason and Singh (2010) to measure students' attitude and approaches towards problem solving in…

  5. Evaluation of Simulated Photochemical Partitioning of Oxidized Nitrogen in the Upper Troposphere

    EPA Science Inventory

    Regional and global chemical transport models underpredict NOx (NO +NO2) in the upper troposphere where it is a precursor to the greenhouse gas ozone. The NOx bias has been shown in model evaluations using aircraft data (Singh et al., 2007) and to...

  6. Draft Genome Sequences of Thermophiles Isolated from Yates Shaft, a Deep-Subsurface Environment.

    PubMed

    Singh, Nitin K; Carlson, Courtney; Sani, Rajesh K; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri

    2017-06-01

    The whole-genome sequences of seven thermophiles that could grow at >55°C, but not at 37°C, were generated. These thermophilic bacteria will play a useful role as model microorganisms, and analyzing their genomes will help to understand the observed production of novel bioactive compounds, including thermozymes and macromolecules. Copyright © 2017 Singh et al.

  7. Evaluation of Simulated Photochemical Partitioning of Oxidized Nitrogen in the Upper Troposphere

    EPA Science Inventory

    Regional and global chemical transport models underpredict NOx (NO +NO2) in the upper troposphere where it is a precursor to the greenhouse gas ozone. The NOx bias has been shown in model evaluations using aircraft data (Singh et al., 2007) and to...

  8. Topics in Culture Learning, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brislin, Richard W., Ed.; Hamnett, Michael P., Ed.

    The first section of this volume includes articles on cross-cultural teaching: "Mau Piailug's Navigation of Hokule'a from Hawaii to Tahiti," by David Lewis; "The New World Order and the Globalization of Social Science: Some Implications for Teaching Cross-Culturally," by Amarjit Singh; "Ponape: Cross-Cultural Contact,…

  9. Cosmopolitanism and Rural Education: A Conversation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Carol

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, recent research into the global movement of teachers [C. Reid, J. Collins, and M. Singh. 2014. "Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee." Singapore: Springer] and their experiences in rural areas of Australia are discussed in order to make the case for a cosmopolitan education theory…

  10. Three Minutes-Long Electrophoretically Assisted Zeptomolar Microfluidic Immunoassay with Magnetic-Beads Detection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-24

    acknowledge the valuable advice of Dr. Timothy Born concerning the manuscript. Supporting Information Available: Detailed description of the flow cell...Y.; Bailey, C. Langmuir 2006, 22, 1742-1748. (7) Singh, R.; Maloney , E. K. Anal. Biochem. 2002, 304, 147-156. JA075069M Figure 2. Dependence of spot

  11. DIESEL AND CARBON PARTICLES ENHANCE HOUSE DUST MITE-INDUCED PULMONARY HYPERSENSITIVITY IN BROWN NORWAY RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Diesel and Carbon Particles Enhance House Dust Mite-Induced Pulmonary Hypersensitivity in Brown Norway Rats. P. Singh1, M.J. Daniels2, D. Winsett2, J. Richards2, K. Crissman2, M. Madden2 and M.I. Gilmour2. 1NCSU, Raleigh, NC and 2 USEPA, Research Triangle Park, NC.

    Ep...

  12. CHARACTERIZATION OF IMMEDIATE AND LATE PHASE AIRWAY RESPONSES TO HOUSE DUST MITE CHALLENGE IN BROWN NORWAY RATS AND CORRELATIONS AMONG PHYSIOLOGICAL MEDIATORS

    EPA Science Inventory

    CHARACTERIZATION OF IMMEDIATE AND LATE PHASE AIRWAY RESPONSES TO HOUSE DUST MITE CHALLENGE IN BROWN NORWAY RATS AND CORRELATIONS AMONG PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL MEDIATORS (P.
    SinghI, D.W. Winsett2, M.J. Daniels2, J. Richards2, K. Crissman2, D.L. Doerfler2 and M.I. Gilmour2, 1NCSU, Ra...

  13. The Nereus Hybrid Underwater Robotic Vehicle for Global Ocean Science Operations to 11,000m Depth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    full extension 30+ lb Controllable grip closure force 0-100 lbf Stowed height 41.5” Wrist rotate torque 180 in-lb Weight in air (sea water) 105 lb...Michigan, May 1999. [35] D. R. Yoerger, A. M. Bradley, B. B. Walden, H. Singh, and R. Bach- mayer . Surveying a Subsea Lava Flow Using the Autonomous

  14. Frequency chirping for resonance-enhanced electron energy during laser acceleration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, D. N.; Suk, H.

    2006-04-01

    The model given by Singh-Tripathi [Phys. Plasmas 11, 743 (2004)] for laser electron acceleration in a magnetic wiggler is revisited by including the effect of laser frequency chirping. Laser frequency chirp helps to maintain the resonance condition longer, which increases the electron energy gain. A significant enhancement in electron energy gain during laser acceleration is observed.

  15. Force Identification from Structural Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-01

    Amitav Rath , (1975). "System Identification in Nonlinear Structural Seismic Dynamics." Computer Mechods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 5 (1975) 353...than linear models. Singh and Subramanian (1980) attacked the problem from a frequency response identification. Distefano and Rath (1975) presented

  16. Commentary: Reoperation for adjacent level disease in the cervical spine: not a simple end point.

    PubMed

    Ghogawala, Zoher

    2012-05-01

    Singh K, Phillips FM, Park DK, et al. Factors affecting reoperations after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion within and outside of a Federal Drug Administration investigational device exemption cervical disc replacement trial. Spine J 2012;12:372-8 (in this issue). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Effect of mean load on the non-linear behavior of spur gear noise source

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kahraman, Ahmet; Singh, Rajendra

    1989-01-01

    An analytical technique for estimating noise generation by spur-gear pairs with backlash is developed using the results obtained by Comparin and Singh (1989). The derivation of the governing equations is outlined, and numerical results for sample problems are presented in graphs. Good agreement with published experimental data (Munro, 1962) is demonstrated.

  18. Time-Resolved Electronic Relaxation Processes in Self-Organized Quantum Dots

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-16

    Colocci, A. Bosacchi, P. Frigeri , and S. Franchi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3354 (1996). 8. P. Battacharya, K. K. Kamath, J. Singh, D. Klotzkin, J...Sercel, Phys. Rev. B 56, 13314 (1997). 23. S. Sanguinetti, M. Henini, M. Grassi Alessi, M. Capizzi, P. Frigeri , and S. Franchi, Phys. Rev. B 60, 8276

  19. Examining the Effects of Jyoti Meditation on Stress and the Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutierrez, Daniel; Conley, Abigail H.; Young, Mark

    2016-01-01

    The authors examined whether Jyoti meditation (JM), a spiritually based meditation (Singh, 2012), influenced student counselors' (N = 60) level of stress and emotional intelligence (EI). Results from a randomized controlled trial and growth curve analysis provided a multilevel model in which JM reduced stress and EI moderated the effect.

  20. Breeding lines and host QTL interaction with bacterial strains

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Resistance to common bacterial blight (CBB) is controlled by more than 20 QTL (Miklas and Singh, 2007). A QTL on Pv10 linked to SAP6 SCAR markers is derived from common bean. Higher levels of resistance associated with BC420 QTL on Pv06 (Yu et al., 2000) and SU91-CG11 QTL on Pv08 (Pedraza et al., 20...

  1. Mechanisms of Modal and Amodal Interpolation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albert, Marc K.

    2007-01-01

    P. J. Kellman and T. F. Shipley (1992) and P. J. Kellman, P. Garrigan, and T. F. Shipley (2005) suggested that completion of partly occluded objects and illusory objects involve the same or similar mechanisms at critical stages of contour interpolation. B. L. Anderson, M. Singh, and R. W. Fleming and B. L. Anderson (2007) presented a number of…

  2. Editorial: Looking to the Future of Hydrologic Engineering

    EPA Science Inventory

    Being one of the more recent journals of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (JHE) has made significant strides under the forward-thinking leadership of previous editors (M. Levent Kavvas 1996-2004, and V. P. Singh, 2004-2012) si...

  3. EFFECTS OF DIESEL EXHAUST ON PULMONARY RESPONSES DURING ALLERGIC SENSITIZATION TO AEROSOLIZED OVALBUMIN IN BALB/C MICE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Effects of Diesel Exhaust on Pulmonary Responses During Allergic Sensitization to Aerosolized Ovalbumin in BALB/c Mice. P. Singh1, M.J. Daniels1, D. Andrews1, E. Boykin1, W. P. Linak2 and M.I. Gilmour1. 1USEPA, ORD, NHEERL, RTP, NC. 2 USEPA, ORD, NRMRL, RTP, NC.

    Inhala...

  4. Editorial: Looking to the Future of Hydrologic Engineering

    EPA Science Inventory

    Being one of the more recent journals of the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Journal of Hydrologic Engineering (JHE) has made significant strides under the forward-thinking leadership of previous editors (M. Levent Kavvas 1996-2004, and V. P. Singh, 2004-2012) si...

  5. A Framework for Inclusion: Plurilingual Teachers in Day and Community Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruickshank, Ken

    2015-01-01

    Linguistic and cultural diversity is becoming a feature of the teaching profession in OECD countries with the increase in global migration and mobility (Reid, Collins & Singh, 2014). Plurilingual teachers, however, tend to experience marginalisation in terms of gaining employment and in their workplace experiences. Although there is a body of…

  6. Selecting a Benchmark Suite to Profile High-Performance Computing (HPC) Machines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-01

    Performance Evaluation Corporation . Gainesville (VA): SPEC; c1995 [accessed 2014 Jun 2]. http://www.spec.org/. 16. Woo SC, Ohara M, Torrie E, Singh JP... communicatons systems. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Microarchitecture; 1997, p. 330–335. 20. Li ML, Sasanka R, Adve

  7. Two Boys with Multiple Disabilities Increasing Adaptive Responding and Curbing Dystonic/Spastic Behavior via a Microswitch-Based Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Didden, Robert; Oliva, Doretta

    2009-01-01

    A recent study has shown that microswitch clusters (i.e., combinations of microswitches) and contingent stimulation could be used to increase adaptive responding and reduce dystonic/spastic behavior in two children with multiple disabilities [Lancioni, G. E., Singh, N. N., Oliva, D., Scalini, L., & Groeneweg, J. (2003). Microswitch clusters to…

  8. Persistence of Early Emerging Aberrant Behavior in Children with Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark; Itchon, Jonathan; Sigafoos, Jeff

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the persistence of early emerging aberrant behavior in 13 preschool children with developmental disabilities. The severity of aberrant behavior was assessed every 6 months over a 3-year period. Teachers completed the assessments using the Aberrant Behavior Checklist [Aman, M. G., & Singh, N. N. (1986). "Aberrant…

  9. JPRS Report, East Asia, Southeast Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    decision was conveyed in letters to the five leaders—Lim Kit Siang, Karpal Singh, P. Patto, Lau Dak Kee and Lim Guan Eng. He said according to Puan...Patto as deputy secretary-general, and Mr Lau and Mr Lim Guan Eng as central working committee members. However, Section 9A(l)(c) of the Societies Act

  10. Height, weight and body mass index of girls and boys in a rural school in Punjab India

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    All the students at this Bhagat Puran Singh Memorial School in Punjab, India were educated about the importance of caloric intake and physical activity. Body weight and height were recorded once a month for 12 consecutive months for 632 students, age 8-23 years (7584 observations). For US and Euro...

  11. A Comparison of Challenging Behaviour in an Adult Group with Down's Syndrome and Dementia Compared with an Adult Down's Syndrome Group without Dementia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huxley, Adam; Van-Schaik, Paul; Witts, Paul

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated the frequency and severity of challenging behaviour in adults with Down's syndrome with and without signs of dementia. Care staff were interviewed using the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist-Community version (M.G. Aman & N.N. Singh, Slosson, East Aurora, NY, 1994), to investigate the frequency and severity of challenging…

  12. Strategy for Isolation of Gene Activation Factors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-01

    4723-4733). 10. Singh H, LeBowitz JH, Baldwin AS, Sharp PA: Molecular cloning of an enhancer binding protein: Isolation by screening of an...expression library with a recognition site DNA. Cell, 52:415-423, 1988. 14 ii. Maniatis T, Fritsch EF, Sambrook J: Molecular cloning . A laboratory manual, Cold

  13. Draft Genome Sequences of Several Fungal Strains Selected for Exposure to Microgravity at the International Space Station.

    PubMed

    Singh, Nitin K; Blachowicz, Adriana; Romsdahl, Jillian; Wang, Clay; Torok, Tamas; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri

    2017-04-13

    The whole-genome sequences of eight fungal strains that were selected for exposure to microgravity at the International Space Station are presented here. These baseline sequences will help to understand the observed production of novel bioactive compounds. Copyright © 2017 Singh et al.

  14. Draft Genome Sequences of Two Aspergillus fumigatus Strains, Isolated from the International Space Station.

    PubMed

    Singh, Nitin Kumar; Blachowicz, Adriana; Checinska, Aleksandra; Wang, Clay; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri

    2016-07-14

    Draft genome sequences of Aspergillus fumigatus strains (ISSFT-021 and IF1SW-F4), opportunistic pathogens isolated from the International Space Station (ISS), were assembled to facilitate investigations of the nature of the virulence characteristics of the ISS strains to other clinical strains isolated on Earth. Copyright © 2016 Singh et al.

  15. Principles of Contour Information: Reply to Lim and Leek (2012)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Manish; Feldman, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    Lim and Leek (2012) presented a formalization of information along object contours, which they argued was an alternative to the approach taken in our article (Feldman & Singh, 2005). Here, we summarize the 2 approaches, showing that--notwithstanding Lim and Leek's (2012) critical rhetoric--their approach is substantially identical to ours,…

  16. Sleep Duration and Area-Level Deprivation in Twins

    PubMed Central

    Watson, Nathaniel F.; Horn, Erin; Duncan, Glen E.; Buchwald, Dedra; Vitiello, Michael V.; Turkheimer, Eric

    2016-01-01

    Study Objectives: We used quantitative genetic models to assess whether area-level deprivation as indicated by the Singh Index predicts shorter sleep duration and modifies its underlying genetic and environmental contributions. Methods: Participants were 4,218 adult twin pairs (2,377 monozygotic and 1,841 dizygotic) from the University of Washington Twin Registry. Participants self-reported habitual sleep duration. The Singh Index was determined by linking geocoding addresses to 17 indicators at the census-tract level using data from Census of Washington State and Census Tract Cartographic Boundary Files from 2000 and 2010. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate genetic decomposition and quantitative genetic interaction models that assessed A (additive genetics), C (common environment), and E (unique environment) main effects of the Singh Index on sleep duration and allowed the magnitude of residual ACE variance components in sleep duration to vary with the Index. Results: The sample had a mean age of 38.2 y (standard deviation [SD] = 18), and was predominantly female (62%) and Caucasian (91%). Mean sleep duration was 7.38 h (SD = 1.20) and the mean Singh Index score was 0.00 (SD = 0.89). The heritability of sleep duration was 39% and the Singh Index was 12%. The uncontrolled phenotypic regression of sleep duration on the Singh Index showed a significant negative relationship between area-level deprivation and sleep length (b = −0.080, P < 0.001). Every 1 SD in Singh Index was associated with a ∼4.5 min change in sleep duration. For the quasi-causal bivariate model, there was a significant main effect of E (b0E = −0.063; standard error [SE] = 0.30; P < 0.05). Residual variance components unique to sleep duration were significant for both A (b0Au = 0.734; SE = 0.020; P < 0.001) and E (b0Eu = 0.934; SE = 0.013; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Area-level deprivation has a quasi-causal association with sleep duration, with greater deprivation being related to

  17. Sleep Duration and Area-Level Deprivation in Twins.

    PubMed

    Watson, Nathaniel F; Horn, Erin; Duncan, Glen E; Buchwald, Dedra; Vitiello, Michael V; Turkheimer, Eric

    2016-01-01

    We used quantitative genetic models to assess whether area-level deprivation as indicated by the Singh Index predicts shorter sleep duration and modifies its underlying genetic and environmental contributions. Participants were 4,218 adult twin pairs (2,377 monozygotic and 1,841 dizygotic) from the University of Washington Twin Registry. Participants self-reported habitual sleep duration. The Singh Index was determined by linking geocoding addresses to 17 indicators at the census-tract level using data from Census of Washington State and Census Tract Cartographic Boundary Files from 2000 and 2010. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate genetic decomposition and quantitative genetic interaction models that assessed A (additive genetics), C (common environment), and E (unique environment) main effects of the Singh Index on sleep duration and allowed the magnitude of residual ACE variance components in sleep duration to vary with the Index. The sample had a mean age of 38.2 y (standard deviation [SD] = 18), and was predominantly female (62%) and Caucasian (91%). Mean sleep duration was 7.38 h (SD = 1.20) and the mean Singh Index score was 0.00 (SD = 0.89). The heritability of sleep duration was 39% and the Singh Index was 12%. The uncontrolled phenotypic regression of sleep duration on the Singh Index showed a significant negative relationship between area-level deprivation and sleep length (b = -0.080, P < 0.001). Every 1 SD in Singh Index was associated with a ∼4.5 min change in sleep duration. For the quasi-causal bivariate model, there was a significant main effect of E (b(0E) = -0.063; standard error [SE] = 0.30; P < 0.05). Residual variance components unique to sleep duration were significant for both A (b(0Au) = 0.734; SE = 0.020; P < 0.001) and E (b(0Eu) = 0.934; SE = 0.013; P < 0.001). Area-level deprivation has a quasi-causal association with sleep duration, with greater deprivation being related to shorter sleep. As area-level deprivation

  18. Do OSCAR winners live longer than less successful peers? A reanalysis of the evidence.

    PubMed

    Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre; Huszti, Ella; Hanley, James A

    2006-09-05

    In an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine in 2001, Redelmeier and Singh reported that Academy Award-winning actors and actresses lived almost 4 years longer than their less successful peers. However, the statistical method used to derive this statistically significant difference gave winners an unfair advantage because it credited an Oscar winner's years of life before winning toward survival subsequent to winning. When the authors of the current article reanalyzed the data using methods that avoided this "immortal time" bias, the survival advantage was closer to 1 year and was not statistically significant. The type of bias in Redelmeier and Singh's study is not limited to longevity comparisons of persons who reach different ranks within their profession; it can, and often does, occur in nonexperimental studies of life- or time-extending benefits of medical interventions. The current authors suggest ways in which researchers and readers may avoid and recognize this bias.

  19. Public attitudes toward euthanasia and suicide for terminally ill persons: 1977 and 1996.

    PubMed

    DeCesare, M A

    2000-01-01

    This study replicates Singh's (1979) "classic" examination of correlates of euthanasia and suicide attitudes. The purposes of the current study were to assess (1) changes in public attitudes toward these voluntary termination of life practices, and (2) changes in the effects on attitudes of selected independent variables. I found Americans' approval of both euthanasia and suicide in 1996 to be higher than that in 1977. The increase in the approval of suicide, however, far outstripped that of euthanasia. Results of OLS regressions indicated that race, religious commitment, religious attendance, political identification, and suicide approval were statistically significant predictors of euthanasia approval. Only religious attendance and euthanasia approval were statistically significant predictors of suicide approval in both 1977 and 1996. The findings regarding euthanasia approval support those of Singh (1979); those regarding suicide approval do not. Triangulation of methods in future research is necessary to illuminate other aspects of these multifaceted issues.

  20. Nonlinear study of seismicity in the Mexican subduction zone by means of visual recurrence analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramirez Rojas, A.; Moreno-Torres, R. L.

    2012-12-01

    The subduction in the Mexican South Pacific coast might be approximated as a subhorizontal slab bounded at the edge by the steep subduction geometry of the Cocos plate beneath the Caribbean plate to the east and of the Rivera plate beneath North America to the west. Singh et al. (1983), reported a study that takes into account the geometry of the subducted Rivera and Cocos plates beneath the North American lithosphere defining, according their geometry, four regions: Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero and Oaxaca. In this work we study the seismicity occurred in Mexico, for each region, by means of the visual recurrence analysis (VRA). Our analysis shows important differences between each region that could be associated with nonlinear dynamical properties of each region. Singh, S.K., M. Rodriguez, and L. Esteva (1983), Statistics of small earthquakes and frequency of occurrence of large earthquakes along the Mexican subduction zone, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 73, 6A, 1779-1796.

  1. Radiative effects and the missing energy paradox in the ideal two capacitors problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urzúa, Gilberto A.; Jiménez, Omar; Maass, Fernando; Restuccia, Álvaro

    2016-05-01

    Starting from the Poynting theorem, which arises from the exact Maxwell equations, we establish the balance of energy for the radiating ideal two capacitors problem. This balance of energy results in a nonlinear differential equation governing the time evolution of the voltage V. Boykin, Hite and Singh, following an approach not based on first principles, were the first to obtain this nonlinear differential equation and proposed an exponentially decaying voltage as a unique solution for it. We claim that the space of solutions for this differential equation is much richer. In fact, besides the exponentially decaying solution just mentioned there exist solutions with a sudden death behavior. The radiative effect introduced by Boykin, Hite and Singh, complemented with our analysis based on the exact Maxwell equations and the characterization of the more general space of solution of the nonlinear differential equation, explain the missing energy paradox in the ideal two capacitors problem.

  2. Internal bremsstrahlung of β decay of atomic S3516

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivanov, A. N.; Höllwieser, R.; Wellenzohn, M.; Troitskaya, N. I.; Berdnikov, Ya. A.

    2014-12-01

    We calculate the energy spectra and the branching ratio of the internal bremsstrahlung (IB) of the β- decay of atomic S3516 . We show that the theoretical spectrum of the IB, calculated within the standard model and QED, fits well the experimental spectra, measured by M. S. Powar and M. Singh [J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 2, 43 (1976), 10.1088/0305-4616/2/1/006] and by A. Singh and A. S. Dhaliwal [Appl. Radiat. Isot. 94, 44 (2014), 10.1016/j.apradiso.2014.07.003] for the photon energy regions 0.025 ≤ω ≤0.150 MeV and 0.001 ≤ω ≤0.100 MeV , respectively.

  3. Metal-Semiconductor Interfaces and Patterns in Functionalized Graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Abhishek; Penev, Evgeni; Yakobson, Boris

    2010-03-01

    Functionalization offers a novel way to modify the electronic and magnetic properties of graphene. Specific topology is essential to achieve devices with the desired features. Using density functional theory, we demonstrate stability of several such configurations, (in single and double sided functionalized graphene) and analyze their electronic and magnetic properties. We show that ``nanoroads'' [1] and ``nanodots'' [2] of pristine graphene can be carved in the electrically insulating matrix of fully hydrogenated carbon sheet (graphane) [1]. Such one-dimensional roads display individual characteristics and, depending upon zigzag or armchair orientation, can be metallic or semiconducting. Furthermore, the wide enough zigzag roads become magnetic with energetically similar ferro- and antiferromagnetic states. Engineering magnetic, metallic, and semiconducting elements within the same mechanically intact sheet of graphene presents a new opportunity for applications. [1] A. K. Singh and B. I. Yakobson, Nano Lett., 9, 1540 (2009). [2] A. K. Singh, E. S. Penev, and B. I. Yakobson submitted.

  4. Pattern classification using maximally entangled quantum states (MES)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Manu Pratap; Rajput, B. S.

    2014-04-01

    Pattern classifications have been performed by employing the method of Grover's iteration on Bell's MES and Singh-Rajput MES in a two-qubit system and it has been demonstrated that, for any pattern classification, in a two-qubit system the maximally entangled states of Singh-Rajput eigenbasis provide the most suitable choice of search states while, in no case, any of Bell's states is suitable for such pattern classifications. Applying the method of Grover's iterate on three different superpositions in a three-qubit system, it has been shown that the choice of exclusive superposition, as the search state, is the most suitable one for the desired pattern classifications based on Grover's iterative search algorithm.

  5. Transcriptome profiling for discovery of genes involved in shoot apical meristem and flower development.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vikash K; Jain, Mukesh

    2014-12-01

    Flower development is one of the major developmental processes that governs seed setting in angiosperms. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying flower development in legumes. Employing RNA-seq for various stages of flower development and few vegetative tissues in chickpea, we identified differentially expressed genes in flower tissues/stages in comparison to vegetative tissues, which are related to various biological processes and molecular functions during flower development. Here, we provide details of experimental methods, RNA-seq data (available at Gene Expression Omnibus database under GSE42679) and analysis pipeline published by Singh and colleagues in the Plant Biotechnology Journal (Singh et al., 2013), along with additional analysis for discovery of genes involved in shoot apical meristem (SAM) development. Our data provide a resource for exploring the complex molecular mechanisms underlying SAM and flower development and identification of gene targets for functional and applied genomics in legumes.

  6. Detecting Malicious Tweets in Twitter Using Runtime Monitoring With Hidden Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    text mining using Twitter streaming API and python [Online]. Available: http://adilmoujahid.com/posts/2014/07/twitter-analytics/ [22] M. Singh, B...sites with 645,750,000 registered users [3] and has open source public tweets for data mining . 2. Malicious Users and Tweets In the modern world...want to data mine in Twitter, and presents the natural language assertions and corresponding rule patterns. It then describes the steps performed using

  7. Identification as a Function of Familiarity for Known Voices Talking Over an Unprocessed Channel and an LPC (Linear Predictive Coding) Voice Processor.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-07-16

    taken even though not everyone had actually been recorded. 7 Voice samples were collected from 24 speakers, 15 males and 9 females . In order to obtain...account that males and females were almost never confused). This could mean either that a voice was better known than the rater claimed or that a...for evaluating speaker recognizability. Singh and Murry (1978) used multi-dimensional scaling to characterize a set of 20 voices , 10 male and 10 female

  8. Auditory Perception of Complex Sounds.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-10-30

    third-foot type (2) x 6 stops x 2 vowels x 2 fricatives. Recordings were made of 3 male and 3 female native speakers of American English reading...classical data on sound-duration discrimination (filled intervals) were applicable to durations in sequences. we find that such discrimination is similar in...ratio goes up. These data will be incorporated in a_____1 report on interval timing (Hirsh, Grant and Singh, In preparation). 2.1.3 Interval timing. The

  9. Transient Delivery of Adenosine as a Novel Therapy to Prevent Epileptogenesis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    epileptogenesis? Epilepsia . 2011;52(suppl 4):15–19. 3. Qureshi IA, Mehler MF. Epigenetic mechanisms underlying human epileptic disorders and the...receptor activation in a mouse model of pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Epilepsia . 2003;44(7):877–885. 25. Cui XA, Singh B, Park J, Gupta RS...Upregulation of adenosine kinase in astrocytes in experimental and human temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia . 2011;52(9):1645–1655. 38. Rebola N, et al

  10. Ballistic and Corrosion Analysis of New Military-Grade Magnesium Alloys AMX602 and ZAXE1711 For Armor Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    Coating Systems Performance Using Accelerated Test Methods; ARL-TR-3428; U.S. Army Research Laboratory: Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, February 2005 ...WETMORE D MOORE 915 S ELMIRA RUSSELLVILLE AR 72801 1 OFC NVL RSRCH D SHIFLER 875 N RANDOLPH ST CODE 332 RM 631 ARLINGTON VA...RDRL WMM E J P SINGH RDRL WMM F J CHINELLA K DOHERTY V HAMMOND L KECSKES H MAUPIN D SNOHA RDRL WMS T ROSENBERGER

  11. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia: India

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-27

    and water-curing on the platform would continue as has been claimed by Mr. Ashok Singhal. The MPs, two belonging to the Telugu Desam and four to...Khaleerlur Rehman and Mr. Lalchand Pasha (both Telugu Desam). CPI Leader’s Charge Lucknow, July 26. The Communist Party of India gen- eral...A visibly angry finance minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, challenged a TDP [ Telugu Desam Party] member in the Rajya Sabha to name the minister who, the

  12. Genome-Wide Nucleic Acid/Protein Interaction in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-04-01

    oxygen free radicals (Beckman et al., 1993; Singh et al., 1998) and implicated in tamoxifen -resistant progression in MCF-7 xenografts (Schiff et al...Deneke, S., Herrera, R., Chamness, G. C., et al. (2000). Oxidative stress and AP-1 activity in tamoxifen -resistant breast tumors in vivo. J Natl Cancer...substrates. nanoparticles , are covalently incorporated into the beads. The beads are then mixed together and the process is Surface density of the

  13. DNA Repair and Ethnic Differences in Prostate Cancer Risk

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    XRCC1 Polymorphisms: Effects on Aflatoxin B1 -DNA Adducts and Glycophorin A Variant Frequency. Cancer Res. 6-1-1999;59(11):2557-61. 33. Singh, N. P...Polymorphisms: Effects on Aflatoxin B1 -DNA Adducts. Cancer Res. 6-1-1999;59(11):2557-61. 20. Dogliotti, E., Hainaut, P., Hernandez, T., D’Errico, M...to ask you some general information about yourself. B1 . What is your marital status? ( )1 Widowed ( )2 Married or living as

  14. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, International Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-08

    and the differences within the society, are provoking disturbances and violence. The Indian National Congress (I) and its leader Rajiv Gandhi have...Rajiv Gandhi is only half way through its term in power as provided by the constitution. This being the situation, there is no possibility that the...minister and President Zail Singh to undermine the authority of the country’s leaders. Back in February, the president expressed to Rajiv Gandhi his

  15. Identification of Novel Molecular Targets for Pleckstrin Homology (PH) Domains Found in Oncogenes Implicated in Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    each family (FAPP2 and OSBP2) have been associated with brest cancer development or progression (Foumier et al, 1999; Scanlan et al, 2001). This family...A, Singh, S, Keleti, D, DeWald, DB, Murray, D, Emr , SD, and Lemmon, MA. (2004) Genome-wide Analysis of Membrane Targeting by S. cerivisiae Pleckstrin... Emr ,2 and Mark A. Lemmonl,* humans, with -252 examples (International Human Ge- 1Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics nome Consortium, 2001

  16. Bio Organic-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor (BioFET) Based on Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Gate Dielectric

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-31

    ADDRESS(ES) Johannes Kepler University of Linz Altenbergerstr. 69 Linz A-4040 Austria 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER N/A 9...Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci Experimental studies done by: Philipp Stadler and Dr. Birendra Singh Linz, Oktober 2009 Johannes Kepler Universität A...Organic Solar Cells (LIOS) at the Johannes Kepler University in Linz, Austria (Prof. Sariciftci). This process using CTMA enhances solubility and

  17. Mechanisms of Precipitation of Different Generations of Gamma-Prime Precipitates During Continuous Cooling of a Nickel Base Superalloy (PREPRINT)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    SUPERALLOY (PREPRINT) J. Tiley and G. B. Viswanathan Metals Branch Structural Materials Division S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and A.R.P. Singh...MECHANISMS OF PRECIPITATION OF DIFFERENT GENERATIONS OF γ’ PRECIPITATES DURING CONTINUOUS COOLING OF A NICKEL BASE SUPERALLOY (PREPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT...cooling of a commercially used nickel base superalloy . This mechanistic understanding has been developed based on a number of critical experimental

  18. A re-examination of impulsive VLF signals in the night ionosphere of Venus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Russell, C. T.; Singh, R. N.

    1989-01-01

    Consideration is given to the impulsive electrical signals clustered around periapsis which were observed by the Pioneer Venus Orbiter Electric Field Detector. The study of these signals by Singh and Russell is repeated, taking into account the telemetry errors noted by Taylor and Cloutier (1988). It is found that there is naturally occurring noise in the dark ionosphere of Venus near periapsis. The absolute rates of occurrence are determined, showing differences with the results from the original study.

  19. Reflections from a Year at the Center for Global Health

    Cancer.gov

    The Cancer Research Training Award (CRTA) Fellowship is a one-year fellowship, where a laboratory, a Center or a Division within the National Cancer Institute takes in a post baccalaureate trainee for a year. This trainee is typically someone who has completed their Bachelor’s degree and is ready to put their knowledge into useful action as they chart out their career and future education. After a year, CRTA Fellow, Tulika Singh reflects on her year of service.

  20. MeHG Stimulates Antiapoptotic Signaling in Stem Cells

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl2 family members occurs. The shift is due, in part, to thyroid hormone signaling. Hypothyroid rats display increased...2006) Increased pro-nerve growth factor and p75 neurotrophin receptor levels in developing hypothyroid rat cerebral cortex are associated with...enhanced apoptosis. Endocrinology 147: 4893–4903. 8. Singh R, Upadhyay G, Kumar S, Kapoor A, Kumar A, et al. (2003) Hypothyroidism alters the expression of

  1. Powder Processing of Trip Steel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-04-01

    60, 1967, p. 252-259. 2. AZRIN, M ., OLSON, G. B., and GAGNE, R. A. Inhomogeneous Deformation and Strain-Rate Effects in High-Strength TRIP Steels...Mat. Sci. Eng., v. 23, May 1976, p. 33^1. 3. ANTOLOVICH , S. D., and SINGH, B. On the Toughness Increment Associated with the Austenite to Martensite...1 ATTN: SCCR-2 Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C. 20375 1 ATTN: Dr. J. M . Krafft - Code 8430 Chief of Naval Research, Arlington

  2. Characterization and Targeting of the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Subpopulation in Ovarian Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    Cantuaria G, Singh K, Grizzle W, Landen C, Partridge EE, Rice VM, Reddy ES, Rao VN. Epithelial ovarian cancer: An overview. World J Transl Med. 2014...Oral Presentations, District IV Annual Meeting, ACOG, 2000 Donald F. Richardson Memorial Prize Paper Award, ACOG, 2001 Golden Apple Nominee, Medical...Landen C, Partridge EE, Rice VM, Reddy ES, Rao VN. Epithelial ovarian cancer: An overview. World J Transl Med. 2014 Apr 12;3(1):1-8. PMID: 25525571 76

  3. Pittsburgh-Tuskegee Prostate Training Program (PTPTP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    Students, November 9- 11, 2011 , St. Louis, MO. Oral Presentation Marcus E. Johnson, Eun -Ryeong Hahm , Shivendra V. Singh. Investigation on the...undergraduates that aims to build a cadre of young investigators of color in prostate cancer. Prostate cancer disproportionately afflicts African-American...Task and then comment on the work accomplished. In sum, all Tasks were accomplished successfully. Year 3 ( 2011 ) December 2010 – January 2011

  4. Design and Synthesis of Substituted Cyclopropanes as Conformationally Restrained Dipeptide Mimics.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-05-01

    M .; Cramer, R . D .; Opdenbosch, N. V. J . Comp. Chem. 1989, 8, 982. (b) Weiner, S . J .; Kollman, P. A.; Case, D . A.; Singh, U . C .; Ghio, C .; Alagona...Darke, P. L.; Diccarone, T. M .; Colton, C . D .; Rodkey, J . A.; Bennet, C . D .; Waxman, L. N.; Sigal, 1. S . Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U . S . A. 1988, 8S, 7129...Heinrikson, R . L.; Tomick, C . C . Biochemistry

  5. Real-Time Driving Simulation of Magneto-Rheological Active Damper Stryker Suspension

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-24

    front and two in the rear (Figure 2). All axles are driven and consist of Macpherson Strut suspensions with the front two axles as steering axles...Magneto-Rheological Active Damper Stryker Suspension Michael G. Megiveron, Amandeep Singh US Army, Tank Automotive Research, Development and...real-time driving experiment has been developed for Stryker to compare the ride and handling performance of a baseline passive suspension to that of a

  6. Revision of the genus Kailasha (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae) from Oriental region, with description of one new species.

    PubMed

    Ulziijargal, Bayarsaikhan; Na, Sol-Moon; Bae, Yang-Seop

    2017-01-03

    The genus Kailasha Singh & Kirti of Erebidae in Oriental Region is reviewed, with six species including a new species, Kailasha babensis Bae & Bayarsaikhan, sp. n., which is closely similar to effracta group in the superficial characters. Two species, K. pellucida (Rothschild), comb. n. and K. angkorensis Bayarsaikhan & Bae, comb. n., are newly combined from the genus Cyana Walker. Brief descriptions on all known species, with illustrations of adults and both sexes of genitalia are provided. A key to species is given.

  7. Conservative Management of Uncomplicated Mechanical Neck Pain in a Military Aviator

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    healthy male Marine engaging in multiple forms of exercise per week, including running, yoga , weightlifting, Marine fi tness training, and mountain...clinical dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003; 134:1604–1612. 16 Ierna GF. Rehabilitation of sports injuries. In: Hyde TE, Gengenbach M, editors...Conservative management of sports injuries. 2nd ed. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett, 2005:157–206. 17 Manchikanti L, Boswell MV, Singh V, Benyamin RM, Fellows B

  8. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-14

    latest deadline fixed by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad for the construction of a temple on the disputed site , the Prime Minister Mr V. P. Singh today...under the 1987 Rajiv-Ryzhkov agreement much of the civil work had already been started at the project site . Besides, the general layout and most of...Soviet experts will start arriving at Bakreswar from March 1992 when their equipment will reach the site for erection and commissioning. It is

  9. Moment Closure for the Stochastic Logistic Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-16

    for Collaborative Biotech- nologies through grant DAAD19-03-D-0004 from the U.S. Army Research Office and by the National Science Foundation under Grant...No. CCR-0311084. 2 abhi@engineering.ucsb.edu, hespanha@ece.ucsb.edu Preprint submitted to Elsevier Science 16 January 2006 Report Documentation Page...Comput. Science . Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 387–401. Hespanha, J. P., Singh, A., 2005. Stochastic models for chemically reacting systems using

  10. Morphological redescription and molecular characterization of three species of Travassosinematidae (Nematoda: Oxyurida: Thelastomatoidea) from Gryllotalpa africana Beauv (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae).

    PubMed

    Singh, Neetu; Chaudhary, Anshu; Singh, Hridaya Shanker

    2013-01-01

    Binema mirzaia (Basir, 1942a) Basir, 1956, Cameronia nisari (Parveen and Jairajpuri, 1985) Adamson and Van Waerebeke, 1992a and Mirzaiella meerutensis Singh and Malti, 2003 are redescribed morphologically along with molecular identification from the intestine of mole cricket Gryllotalpa africana. Molecular characterization was carried out using the D2-D3 expansion domains of the 18S ribosomal DNA region. This study first time presents molecular data for the above three nematode species.

  11. News and Views: Where at a supermassive black hole do gamma-rays come from? Keep libel laws out of science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-08-01

    Radio observations of galaxy M87 at the time of a massive gamma-ray flare have established that the gamma-ray emission arises close to the central black hole, in the inner jet. Writer Simon Singh is being sued for libel by the British Chiropractic Association because he wrote a newspaper article about the evidence for the effectiveness of spinal manipulation as a treatment for childhood illnesses. Why should scientists care about this action, asks Sue Bowler?

  12. Propagation and Excitation of Lg, Sn, and P-Pn Waves from Eastern United States Earthquakes by Regression Analysis of RSTN Data. Seismic Attenuation Studies at United Kingdom Arrays

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-01

    and Sn dominate. Seismo- grams of similar nature have also been observed in eastern Canada (Shin 1985, Shin and Herrmann 1987) and at NORESS over...Canada, Lg experiences significant contamination from Sn coda (Shin 1985, Chun et al 1987, Shin and Herrmann 1987). This is suggested by the way that...surface wave data (Mitchell 1981). Other set of numbers comes from coda Q studies (Singh and Herrmann 1983). Finally, a smaller set of results comes

  13. The Indian Ocean - An Area of Future Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-05

    for the United States and her industrially advanced allies both as a potential market for their products and as a source of supply for raw materials. As...S* study should include the foresoing statement.) 1000 SN. 4T- CAi q~ ABSTRACT THE INDIAN OCEAN - AN AREA OF FUTURE CONFLICT by LTC Ravi Inder Singh...Kahlon, Indian Army, 57 pages. This study addresses the growing importance of the Indian Ocean Region to the littorals and non-littoral states

  14. Between Hope and Fear: The Psychology of Risk.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    further away at the high end (striped area upper right). Thus, the riskless lottery offers both higher minima and higher maxima. Not surprisingly, it...probability theory. Historia Mathematica, 7, 234-260. Day, R. H. (1979). Cautious suboptimizing. In J. A. Roumasset, J.-M. Boussard, & I. Singh (Eds...Alexandria, VA 22311 6 .- . JANUARY 1986 Other Organizations Dr. David Van Essen Dr. Stanley N. Roscoe California Institute of Tech. New Mexico State

  15. Intercalation Dynamics in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    Martin Z. Bazant Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and Mathematics Thesis Supervisor Accepted by...SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT A new continuum model has been proposed by Singh, Ceder, and Bazant for the ion intercalation dynamics in a single... Bazant for the ion interca- lation dynamics in a single crystal of rechargeable-battery electrode materials. It is based on the Cahn-Hilliard equation

  16. Ultrafast Laser Interaction Processes for Libs and Other Sensing Technologies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-05

    Fusion of infrared and Raman spectroscopy for carotenoid analysis”; Pittcon 2012, Orlando, FL, USA; 03/11, 2012. 14. Yuan Liu, Matthieu Baudelet...USA) ¿ D. Alexander, D. Doerr, N. Singh, Q. Peng, J. Schiffern, “Femtosecond Laser Production of Silicon Nanoparticles and Metal Surfaces having...Army Science Conference, November 28-December 2, Orlando, Florida, 2010. ¿ Craig Zuhlke, and John Bruce III, “Femtosecond Laser Production of

  17. Ultrafast Laser Interaction Processes for LIBS and Other Sensing Technologies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-05

    infrared and Raman spectroscopy for carotenoid analysis”; Pittcon 2012, Orlando, FL, USA; 03/11, 2012. 14. Yuan Liu, Matthieu Baudelet, Martin...Alexander, D. Doerr, N. Singh, Q. Peng, J. Schiffern, “Femtosecond Laser Production of Silicon Nanoparticles and Metal Surfaces having Nanostructures...Conference, November 28-December 2, Orlando, Florida, 2010. ¿ Craig Zuhlke, and John Bruce III, “Femtosecond Laser Production of Nanoparticles and

  18. Changes in Extracellular Striatal Acetylcholine and Brain Seizure Activity Following Acute Exposure to Nerve Against in Freely Moving Guinea Pigs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    and choline (Ch) analysis ACh and Ch levels within dialysate samples were quantified using isocratic HPLC with electrochemical (EC) detection. The...effects of pesticides . In: Klaassen CD, editor. Casarett and Doull’s toxicology: The basic science of poisons. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp 763...orga- nophosphorus or carbamate pesticide -a treatment protocol for junior doctors. Crit Care 8: R391-R397 . Eddleston M, Singh S, Buckley N. 20.o4b

  19. Tunicamycin Enhances Neuroinvasion and Pathogenicity in Mice with Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    biology. A group of toxins called corynetoxins are products of Clavibacter toxicus and are very closely related to TM in structure and biological... Clavibacter toxicus. Corynetoxin contaminates several plant species, including annual ryegrass, on which C. toxicus grows. Ingestion of the toxin...analysis of Clavibacter toxicus, the agent of annual ryegrass toxicity. Epidemiol Infect 117: 393-400. 106. Seth P, Mani J, Singh AK, Banaudha KK

  20. Expression of Concern to: Role of physiotherapy in the mobilization of patients with spinal cord injury undergoing human embryonic stem cells transplantation.

    PubMed

    Shroff, Geeta; Thakur, Dipin; Dhingra, Varun; Baroli, Deepak Singh; Khatri, Deepanshu; Gautam, Rahul Dev

    2017-09-18

    The Editors-in-Chief of Clinical and Translational Medicine are issuing an editorial expression of concern to alert readers that concerns have been raised regarding the ethics of this study [1]. Appropriate editorial action will be taken once this has been fully investigated. Geeta Shroff disagrees with this notice. Dipin Thakur, Varun Dhingra, Deepak Singh Baroli, Deepanshu Khatri and Rahul Dev Gautam have not responded to our correspondence about this article.

  1. Chemically Modified Bacteriophage as a Streamlined Approach to Noninvasive Breast Cancer Imaging

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    specific tissues or cell types. When derived from plants and bacteria, these entities are considered to be biocompatible and safe because humans and...their metastases. They could also be used to monitor treatment and disease progression.29 Viral nanoparticles normally infecting plants and bacteria...Destito, G.; Gonzalez, M. J.; Singh, P.; Thomas, D. M.; Estrada, M. N.; Powell, E.; Finn, M. G.; Manchester, M. Systemic Trafficking of Plant Virus

  2. Core Logistics Capability Policy Applied to USAF Combat Aircraft Avionics Software: A Systems Engineering Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    PROJECT Presented to the Faculty Department of Systems and Engineering Management Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force...a light grey box around the definitions. This table, a fit-for-purpose architecture product , is loosely based on the DoD Architecture Framework ...synopsis of ISO/IEC 12207, Raghu Singh of the Federal Aviation Administration states “Whenever a software product needs modifications, the development

  3. When Diversity Training Isn’t Enough: The Case for Inclusive Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-06

    perceptions of organizational justice have myriad outcomes for employees. Procedural justice has been positively related to employees’ self - perceived...Singh (2001) define inclusion as “the degree to which an employee perceives that he or she is an esteemed member of the work group through experiencing...career motivation and self -efficacy with protégé career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64, 72–91. DeConinck, J. B., & Johnson, J. T. (2009

  4. Young Investigator Program: Quasi-Liquid Grain Boundary Films in Refractory Metals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-15

    Barabash VR, Prokofyev YG. Effects of Neutron- Irradiation on Properties of Refractory- Metals . J. Nucl. Mater. 1992. 191:421. [104] Singh BN, Evans...Final Technical Report Young Investigator Program: Quasi-Liquid Grain Boundary Films in Refractory Metals Grant. No.: FA9550-07-1-0125...5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Nanoscale Quasi-Liquid Grain Boundary Films in Refractory Metals FA9550-07-1-0125 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  5. Development of an Adaptive Framework for Management of Military Operations in Arid/Semi-Arid Regions to Minimize Watershed and Instream Impacts from Non-Point Pollution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    Model. In Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications, V. P. Singh , D . K . Frevert, eds., Water Res. Pub., Littleton, CO, p. 7...subbasin sediment yield calculations using state-of-the-art simulation models, and the GIS spatial analysis and display capabilities. This modeling...cover in each test watershed were obtained from field measurements and remote sensing along with segment lengths and slopes derived from GIS -based DEM

  6. The JWKB approximation in loop quantum cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craig, David; Singh, Parampreet

    2017-01-01

    We explore the JWKB approximation in loop quantum cosmology in a flat universe with a scalar matter source. Exact solutions of the quantum constraint are studied at small volume in the JWKB approximation in order to assess the probability of tunneling to small or zero volume. Novel features of the approximation are discussed which appear due to the fact that the model is effectively a two-dimensional dynamical system. Based on collaborative work with Parampreet Singh.

  7. Targeting MUC1 mediated tumor stromal metabolic interaction in Triple negative Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-1-0315 TITLE: Targeting MUC1-mediated tumor-stromal metabolic interaction in Triple- negative breast cancer PRINCIPAL...interaction in Triple-negative Breast Cancer 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Pankaj Singh, PhD 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER E-Mail...overexpressed in TNBC and facilitates growth and metastasis of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. This occurrence can be partially attributed

  8. A Survey of Mobile and Wireless Technologies for Augmented Reality Systems (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    Page 1 of 30 A survey of mobile and wireless technologies for augmented reality systems George Papagiannakis*, Gurminder Singh**, Nadia...performance of the current task, enabling an “ Augmented Reality ” (AR) Caudell et al [2]. Although AR was meant to include mobility, it was not until...The Columbia Touring Machine” by Feiner et al [3] that the first outdoor Mobile Augmented Reality System (MARS) was created. Around the same time

  9. Characterization of Carrier Transport Properties in Strained Crystalline Si Wall-Like Structures as a Function of Scaling into the Quasi-Quantum Regime

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-05-03

    T . Pantelides and R . D. Schrimpf, Defects in Microelectronic Materials and Devices, CRC Press, pp. 736-759, 2008. [13] S. R . J ...Science and Engineering 15, 012037, 2010. [17] G. Duscher, S. J . Pennycook, N. D. Browning, R . Rupangudi, T . Takoudis, H- J Gao and R . Singh, “Structure...Strain scaling for CMOS,” MRS Bulletin 39, 2, p. 131-137, 2014. [8] A. K. Sharma, R . Prinja and S. R . J . Brueck, “Effects of dimensional scaling

  10. Platform for Rapid Delivery of Biologics and Drugs to Ocular Cells and Tissues Following Combat Associated Trauma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    Cornea Intravitreal Topical Nucleolin Shuttle * Corresponding author. E-mail address: Rajendra.Kumar-Singh@tufts.edu http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer...generally requires the vector to be injected into the subretinal space (Trapani et al., 2014; Carvalho and Vandenberghe, 2015) - a surgical procedure... shuttle between the plasma membrane and the cytoplasm or the nucleus e a process occurring indepen- dently of the endosomes (Borer et al., 1989

  11. Robust Semi-Active Ride Control Under Stochastic Excitation (Briefing Charts)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-04

    Suspension Control Method: 1) LQR /H-Infinity/Linear Methods 2) Nonlinear/Adaptive 3) Discontinuous (Parameterized or otherwise) Introduction...ROBUST SEMI-ACTIVE RIDE CONTROL UNDER STOCHASTIC EXCITATION Jeremy Kolansky- Virginia Tech Amandeep Singh, Jill Goryca- US Army TARDEC...display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 04 MAR 2014 2. REPORT TYPE Briefing Charts 3. DATES COVERED 04-01-2014 to 21-02-2014

  12. Lipoid Proteinosis

    PubMed Central

    Yadav, Sunil; Malik, Sunita; Singh, Gurdarshan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT A case report of a 6-year-old male child who reported with recurrent oral and skin ulcerations since childhood and was diagnosed as lipoid proteinosis manifesting with generalized thickening, hardening, and scarring of the skin and hoarseness of voice; is presented here. How to cite this article: Mittal HC, Yadav S, Malik S, Singh G. Lipoid Proteinosis. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):149-151. PMID:27365938

  13. EnSight Volume Visualization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-01

    R L DONEY G VUNNI B VONK RDRL WMP C R B LEAVY M N RAFTENBERG RDRL VTV S ARAM R K SINGH 18 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. ...CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Richard C. Angelini 5d. PROJECT NUMBER R .0000551.1 5e. TASK...100 × 100 × 100 structured mesh (e) 250 × 250 × 250 structured mesh ( f ) 500 × 500 × 500 structured mesh 6

  14. COMPOSITE CERAMIC ARMOR DEFECT ANALYSIS USING PHASED ARRAY ULTRASOUND

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-30

    background variation. Such an approximation applied to the FFT results of Conclusion Phased - array ultrasonic inspection methods have been...SNR values above 2.55) were statistically defective either. CONCLUSION Phased - array ultrasonic inspection methods have been successfully applied to...4 G.P. Singh and J. W. Davies, “Multiple Transducer Ultrasonic Techniques: Phased Arrays ” In Nondestructive Testing Handbook, 2nd Ed., 7, pp. 284

  15. Resource-constrained Data Collection and Fusion for Identifying Weak Distributed Patterns in Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-15

    Artifical Intelligence and Statistics (AISTATS), 2013. [8] ——, “Near-optimal anomaly detection in graphs using Lovász Extended Scan Statistic,” in Neural ...patterns in networks ,” in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2010. [14] R. J. Tibshirani and J. Taylor, “The solution path of the...Singh, “Identifying graph-structured activation patterns in networks ,” in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 2010, oral presentation. 8

  16. Electronic and Optoelectronic Properties of Semiconductor Structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Jasprit

    2003-02-01

    Jasprit Singh presents the underlying physics behind devices that drive today's technologies utilizing carefully chosen solved examples to convey important concepts. Real-world applications are highlighted throughout the book, stressing the links between physical principles and actual devices. The volume provides engineering and physics students and professionals with complete coverage of key modern semiconductor concepts. A solutions manual and set of viewgraphs for use in lectures is available for instructors, from solutions@cambridge.org.

  17. On the Materialization of WebViews

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    Y. Levy, and Alberto O. Mendelzon. “Database Techniques for the World-Wide Web: A Survey”. SIGMOD Record, 27(3):59–74, September 1998. [GM95] Ashish ... Gupta and Inderpal Singh Mumick. “Maintenance of Materialized Views: Prob- lems, Techniques, and Applications”. Data Engineering Bulletin, 18(2):3–18...June 1995. [Gup97] Himanshu Gupta . “Selection of Views to Materialize in a Data Warehouse”. In Proc. of the 6th International Conference on Database

  18. Identification of miRNA Signatures Associated with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Chemoresistance with Further Biological and Functional Validation of Identified Key miRNAs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-02-01

    Kovalenko O, Singh S, Resnick K, Zanotti K, Waggoner S, DiFeo A Wnt/β-catenin signaling regulates platinum resistance in ovarian cancer . Oncotarget. 2015... cancer , we found that high expression of miR-181a correlates with decreased patient survival and this miRNA is enriched in platinum - resistant recurrent... platinum - resistant cell lines. Additionally, we found that miR-181a was also correlated with several clinical parameters in a cohort of ovarian tumor

  19. Might stimulant drugs support moral agency in ADHD children?

    PubMed Central

    Hyman, Steven Edward

    2013-01-01

    Stimulants have been shown to be safe and effective for reduction of the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Despite much debate, however, there has been little empirical evidence as to whether stimulants affect authenticity and moral agency in children. Singh presents evidence that stimulants do not undercut children's' sense of self and increase their experience of agency. These findings are consistent with laboratory evidence that stimulant drugs in therapeutic doses improve cognitive control over thought and behavior. PMID:23001921

  20. Heteroepitaxial Growth and Doping of ZnO for Optoelectronic Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-19

    synthesis and characterization of highly monodisperse transition metal doped ZnO nanoparticles," S.P. Singh, 0. Prealez...presented in MRS fall meeting, Nov.29-Dec.3, (2004). 9. " Synthesis and characterization of ZnO and Mn- ZnO nanocrystals for spintronic applications... synthesis of Mn doped ZnO was performed by a solution process at room temperature. This route is based on dehydration properties of

  1. Study of growth of dot and column in porous silicon samples of various thicknesses prepared at a constant current density

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gill, Fateh Singh; Panwar, Varij; Gupta, Himanshu; Kalra, G. S.; Chawla, Shanta; Kumar, R.; Mehra, R. M.

    2015-09-01

    Porous silicon is considered to be composed either of spherical shaped interconnected silicon quantum dots or combination of quantum dots and columns. This paper presents a study of a series of porous silicon films of various thicknesses, prepared at a 20 mA current density by the electrochemical etching technique. The photoluminescence spectra of the series samples were monitored. Further, we used a photoluminescence fitting model by Singh and John (John-Singh) in its extended form by Elhouichet to estimate the percentage of dots and columns; their average diameters and corresponding variances. The shape of experimental photoluminescence spectra fits well with John-Singh model. As a result, the analytical curves drawn using the fitting parameters showed the decrease in mean crystallite diameter of columns and dot while increase in variance of column and decrease in variance of dots. Hence, more homogenous dots are formed. Thus, it results in the formation of a more ordered nanocrystalline structure with more porosity. It verified the quantum assumptions. The discrepancy in the PL behavior of a sample is well explained by the model.

  2. Nuclear electric quadrupole moment of potassium from the molecular method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teodoro, Tiago Quevedo; Haiduke, Roberto Luiz Andrade; Visscher, Lucas

    2015-03-01

    The current standard nuclear quadrupole moments (NQMs) of the 39K , 40K , and 41K isotopes have recently been contested by Singh and co-workers on the basis of their atomic computational data [Singh et al., Phys. Rev. A 86, 032509 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevA.86.032509]. Thus we performed relativistic calculations of electric field gradients at the potassium nuclei in three diatomic molecules (KF, KCl, and KBr) and combined these values with accurate experimental nuclear quadrupole coupling constants to provide an independent assessment of these NQMs. Our most accurate results, obtained by treating electron correlation with coupled cluster theory, employing a four-component Hamiltonian that includes the Gaunt two-electron correction, and with an incremented relativistic basis set of quadruple-ζ quality, yield Q (39K)=60.3 (6 ) , Q (40K)=-75.0 (8 ) , and Q (41K)=73.4 (7 ) mb . These values are in better agreement with the results obtained by Singh et al. and indicate that the standard NQMs should be revised.

  3. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose/glycaemia (IFG) in suburban and rural Nepal-the communities--based cross-sectional study during the democratic movements in 1990.

    PubMed

    Sasaki, Haruka; Kawasaki, Terukazu; Ogaki, Tetsuro; Kobayashi, Sigeru; Itoh, Kazue; Yoshimizu, Yutaka; Sharma, Sashi; Acharya, Gopal P

    2005-02-01

    A rising prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose/glycaemia (IFG) was recently reported in the urban areas of Nepal by Singh and Bhattarai [D.L. Singh, M.D. Bhattarai, High prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glycaemia in urban Nepal, Diabet. Med. 20 (2003) 170-171] in the first population-based study based on the revised diagnostic criteria of ADA-1997 and WHO-1998. In comparison with our community-based survey done in 1990 in suburban and rural areas of Nepal, the current data show a surprisingly rapid increase in the prevalence of diabetes in the Nepalese population. In our 1990 study, diabetes and IFG, respectively, were present in 1.4 and 2.5% of people > or =20 years old in suburban village (Bhadrakali) compared with 0.3 and 0.7% in a rural village (Kotyang). In a short communication, Singh and Bhattarai found the rates to be 14.6 and 9.1% in urban areas, and 2.5 and 1.3% in rural areas. This phenomena appears to have been influenced more by rapid urbanization and changes in lifestyles after the ongoing democratic movements that have taken place since 1990 in Nepal. Moreover, our new analysis of the data provide baseline features for the planning of health care policy and establishment of medical priorities in modern day Nepal.

  4. Role of Annexin-II in GI cancers: interaction with gastrins/progastrins.

    PubMed

    Singh, Pomila

    2007-07-08

    The role of the gastrin peptide hormones (G17, G34) and their precursors (progastrins, PG; gly-extended gastrin, G-gly), in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers has been extensively reviewed in recent years [W. Rengifo-Cam, P. Singh, Role of progastrins and gastrins and their receptors in GI and pancreatic cancers: targets for treatment, Curr. Pharm. Des. 10 (19) (2004) 2345-2358; M. Dufresne, C. Seva, D. Fourmy, Cholecystokinin and gastrin receptors, Physiol. Rev. 86 (3) (2006) 805-847; A. Ferrand, T.C. Wang, Gastrin and cancer: a review, Cancer Lett. 238 (1) (2006) 15-29]. A possible important role of progastrin peptides in colon carcinogenesis has become evident from experiments with transgenic mouse models [W. Rengifo-Cam, P. Singh, (2004); A. Ferrand, T.C. Wang, (2006)]. It is now known that growth stimulatory and co-carcinogenic effects of gastrin/PG peptides are mediated by both proliferative and anti-apoptotic effects of the peptides on target cells [H. Wu, G.N. Rao, B. Dai, P. Singh, Autocrine gastrins in colon cancer cells Up-regulate cytochrome c oxidase Vb and down-regulate efflux of cytochrome c and activation of caspase-3, J. Biol. Chem. 275 (42) (2000) 32491-32498; H. Wu, A. Owlia, P. Singh, Precursor peptide progastrin(1-80) reduces apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells and upregulates cytochrome c oxidase Vb levels and synthesis of ATP, Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 285 (6) (2003) G1097-G1110]. Several receptor subtypes have been described that mediate growth effects of gastrin peptides [W. Rengifo-Cam, P. Singh (2004); M. Dufresne, C. Seva, D. Fourmy, (2006)]. Recently, we identified Annexin II as a high affinity binding protein for gastrin/PG peptides [P. Singh, H. Wu, C. Clark, A. Owlia, Annexin II binds progastrin and gastrin-like peptides, and mediates growth factor effects of autocrine and exogenous gastrins on colon cancer and intestinal epithelial cells, Oncogene (2006), doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1209798]. Importantly, the expression of

  5. Barcelona 2002: law, ethics, and human rights. Using the law to improve access to treatments.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Richard; Parmar, Sharan; Divan, Vivek; Berger, Jonathan

    2002-12-01

    The XIII International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in July 2000 focused worldwide attention on the problem of accessing treatments in developing countries. In the interim, thanks to the work of activists - from demonstrations to court cases, and from acts of public courage by people living with HIV/AIDS to ongoing lobbying of politicians and trade negotiators - some very significant developments have occurred. But the reality is that the vast majority of people living with HIV/AIDS still lack access to affordable, quality medicines. This article, a summary of a paper presented at "Putting Third First: Vaccines, Access to Treatments and the Law," a satellite meeting held at Barcelona on 5 July 2002 and organized by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, the AIDS Law Project, South Africa, and the Lawyers Collective HIV/AIDS Unit, India, explores three approaches for improving access. In the first part, Richard Elliott provides an overview of the state of the right to health as embodied in international human rights law; comments on the experience to date in litigating claims to the right to health; and identifies potential strategies activists can adopt to advance recognition of the right to health. In the second part, Sharan Parmar and Vivek Divan describe price-control and drug-financing mechanisms used by industrialized countries to increase the affordability of medicines; and discuss how some of these mechanisms could be adapted for use in developing countries. Finally, Jonathan Berger describes the use of litigation in the courts by the Treatment Action Campaign in South Africa.

  6. In vitro evaluation of different varieties of maize fodder for their methane generation potential and digestibility with goat rumen liquor

    PubMed Central

    Vaswani, Shalini; Kumar, Ravindra; Kumar, Vinod; Roy, Debashis; Kumar, Muneendra

    2016-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the methane generation potential and digestibility of different (normal and three high-quality protein maize [HQPM]) varieties of maize fodder with goat rumen liquor in vitro. Materials and Methods: Methane production potential and digestibility of different varieties of maize fodder were tested in in vitro gas production test. Seven varieties of maize, four normal (HTHM 5101, DHM 117, HM 5, and Shaktiman/900 M Gold), and three high-quality protein (HQPM 5, HQPM 7, and HQPM 9/Vivek) were grown in different plots under the same environmental and agro-climatic conditions. Fodders were harvested at 45-50 days of sowing, and the representative samples of fodder from different varieties of maize were collected for analysis. Dried and grinded form of these maize fodder varieties was tested for gas, methane, and digestibility using goat rumen microflora in in vitro gas syringes. Results: Gas production (ml/g dry matter [DM]) was highest for HM5 variety (97.66, whereas lowest for HQPM 9 variety (64.22). Gas production (ml/g degraded DM [DDM]) and methane (%) were statistically similar in different varieties of maize fodder. The methane production expressed as ml/g DM and ml/g DDM was significantly (p<0.05) highest for HM 5 (14.22 and 26.62) and lowest for DHM 117 variety (7.47 and 14.13). The in vitro DM digestibility (%) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (%) varied from 47.48 (HQPM 5) to 52.05 (HQPM 9) and 50.03 (HQPM 7) to 54.22 (HM 5), respectively. Conclusion: The present study concluded that DHM 117 maize variety fodder has lowest methane generation potential and incorporating it in the dietary regime of ruminants may contribute to lower methane production. PMID:27956770

  7. Hierarchical resilience with lightweight threads.

    SciTech Connect

    Wheeler, Kyle Bruce

    2011-10-01

    This paper proposes methodology for providing robustness and resilience for a highly threaded distributed- and shared-memory environment based on well-defined inputs and outputs to lightweight tasks. These inputs and outputs form a failure 'barrier', allowing tasks to be restarted or duplicated as necessary. These barriers must be expanded based on task behavior, such as communication between tasks, but do not prohibit any given behavior. One of the trends in high-performance computing codes seems to be a trend toward self-contained functions that mimic functional programming. Software designers are trending toward a model of software design where their core functions are specified in side-effect free or low-side-effect ways, wherein the inputs and outputs of the functions are well-defined. This provides the ability to copy the inputs to wherever they need to be - whether that's the other side of the PCI bus or the other side of the network - do work on that input using local memory, and then copy the outputs back (as needed). This design pattern is popular among new distributed threading environment designs. Such designs include the Barcelona STARS system, distributed OpenMP systems, the Habanero-C and Habanero-Java systems from Vivek Sarkar at Rice University, the HPX/ParalleX model from LSU, as well as our own Scalable Parallel Runtime effort (SPR) and the Trilinos stateless kernels. This design pattern is also shared by CUDA and several OpenMP extensions for GPU-type accelerators (e.g. the PGI OpenMP extensions).

  8. Proximal femoral bone geometry in osteoporotic hip fractures in Thailand.

    PubMed

    2015-01-01

    A number of different bone geometries have been reported to be correlated with osteoporosis, bone mineral density and fractures. Those correlations are used for diagnosis, treatment and prediction of fracture risk in osteoporosis cases. However there have been no studies of significant bone parameters predicting osteoporosis and hip fracture in Thailand To evaluate the correlation between geometric parameters of the proximal femur and both the Singh index and bone mineral density as well as to investigate the relationship between those two metrics and osteoporotic hip fracture in the Thai population. Forty-four Thai patients with osteoporotic hip fractures andforty-five healthy Thai people matched for age and gender were included in the present study. Bone mineral density and bone geometry from plain hip radiographs of non-fracture sites in the fracture group and proximal femur radiographs of the same site in the healthy group were measured That data were analyzed to determine levels of correlation. Bone geometries were also analyzed to determine hip fracture predictive capacity. Correlation between the Singh index and bone mineral density was significant (p < 0.01), with a moderate degree of agreement. The radiograph measurement of the width ofthefemoral medial neck cortex was the only parameter which was statistically significantly correlated with both osteoporosis and with osteoporotic hip fracture (p = 0.014 and p = 0.035, respectively). Each 1 mm reduction in the width of the femoral medial neck cortex increased the osteoporotic hip fracture risk by a factor of 2.7 (OR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.15-0.93). In the Thai population, bone geometry from plain radiographs can help predict the risk of osteoporotic hip fracture. Osteoporosis is correlated with a low Singh index value. The width of the femoral medial neck cortex is a reliable predictor of hip fracture risk.

  9. Classification of Interdental Space for Different Quadrants on the Basis of Standardization through Threshold Data and Its Comparison with BMI and Socioeconomic Status

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Ronauk; Singh, Jatinder Pal

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: A better knowledge about the Interdental space is important since it provides insights on the prevalence of malocclusion. To date, there is conflicting evidence on the impact of body mass index (BMI) and Socioeconomic status (SES) on interdental space. A recent review concluded that a greater understanding is required of the interdental space. Therefore, there is a need for a more comprehensive and rigorous assessments of the interdental space and impacts of BMI and SES. Aim: BMI and SES can be associated with the interdental spacing in deciduous dentition. Design: The present cross-sectional study was carried out on 448 children of age group of 3 to 5 years out of which 392 were meeting our criteria. Research assessment questionnaire on demographic data was completed by the parents. Study model cast of 392 children free from malocclusion were analyzed. Results: A statistically significant association between interdental spacing and BMI category was observed. Comparison of BMI with above threshold interdental space revealed that after an optimum weight there is no effect on interdental space. A significant association between SES and interdental spacing was observed for all the four locations (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Evolved normative value can be taken as a standard and the occlusion and interdental spaces are not two completely separate entities and they are interdependent. How to cite this article: Singh T, Singh R, Singh JP. Classification of Interdental Space for Different Quadrants on the Basis of Standardization through Threshold Data and Its Comparison with BMI and Socioeconomic Status. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(1):16-21. PMID:25206181

  10. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 152

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, M.J.

    2013-11-15

    Detailed level schemes, decay schemes, and the experimental data on which they are based are presented for all nuclei with mass number A=152. The experimental data are evaluated; inconsistencies and discrepancies are noted; and adopted values for level and γ–ray energies, γ intensities, as well as for other nuclear properties are given. This evaluation replaces the A=152 evaluation published by Agda Artna–Cohen in Nuclear Data Sheets 79, 1 (1996) and the evaluation for 152Dy prepared by Balraj Singh and published in Nuclear Data Sheets 95, 995 (2002)

  11. RLE Progress Report Number 122.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    Dr. M.R. Allen Dr. R. Singh Prof. K.L. Hale Dr. P. Austin Dr. M. Solberg Prof. M. Halle Dr. G. Cinque Dr. K.T. Taraldsen Prof. J.W. Harris Dr. S... Carl L. Thompson Our overall goal is to understand binaural phenomena in normal and impaired listeners and to relate these phenomena to physiological...Mary S. Jacobs, Thomas E. Stephens, Peter W. Freidin, Robert A. Keating, Patricia A. Thompson, Carl L. Goldstein, Louis M. Ohde, Ralph N. Westbury, John

  12. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 91

    SciTech Connect

    Baglin, Coral M.

    2013-10-15

    Experimental nuclear structure and decay data for all known A=91 nuclides (As, Se, Br, Kr, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd) have been evaluated. This evaluation, covering data received by 1 September 2013, supersedes the 1998 evaluation by C. M. Baglin published in Nuclear Data Sheets86, 1 (1999) (15 December 1998 literature cutoff), and subsequent evaluations by C. M. Baglin added to the ENSDF database for Kr, Sr and Zr (29 December 2000 literature cutoff) and by B. Singh for {sup 91}Tc (6 November 2000 literature cutoff)

  13. Consistent quantum prediction in spin-foam quantum cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craig, David

    2015-04-01

    A complete ``consistent histories'' framework is given for a covariant ``spin-foam'' quantum cosmological model, a highly symmetry-reduced (FLRW) model of covariant loop quantum gravity. A decoherence functional is constructed through which probabilities may be consistently extracted from quantum amplitudes. Branch wave functions corresponding to different possible quantum histories of the universe are described, such as whether the universe ``bounces'' at small volume or becomes singular. We discuss the construction and calculation of such branch wave functions, with an emphasis on the crucial role played by the decoherence of histories in arriving at self-consistent quantum predictions for these closed quantum systems. [Based on joint work with Parampreet Singh].

  14. Informatics Aided Design for Alloys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-28

    Co3(AI, < *) S O F Hi m MI «MU ■ 1 P $ a AX S ■4 5 6 / ’ *\\C9/ I0 « 12 K t» St...Cri M . M C /. a fil Al s* fkr Kr u » /, ’ Nb IPi n Kl N At £i 1. 5- 5* Ht I V Ci m La m B^BB M Rf O, B H Hi I...Algorithms Akash Agarwal a ; Frank Pettersson b; Arunima Singh ; Chang Sun Kong ; Henrik Saxen ; Krishna Rajan ;Shuichi Iwata ; Nirupam Chakraborti

  15. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-28

    leadership capability and rhetoric talent." On Mengistu’s path to rule, he related that during the twilight period of Emperor Haile Selassie , there was a...p5B [Interview with Kasa Kavadä, adviser and friend of Ethiopian ruler Lieutenant Colonel Haile -Mariam Mengistu, by Rahamim El’azar, as told to Aryeh... Hailing Mr V.P. Singh as the messiah of the poor and the downtrodden, next only to the Buddha and Mahavir Jain, the Chief Minister on behalf of

  16. JPRS Report, Near East and South Asia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-12

    increase of dairy product in the Kingdom, a country with many disadvan- tages including hot temperatures and lack of grasslands. Among these reasons are...secretary of the Congress(I), in a statement said: "The basic inconsistency of Mr V.P. Singh’s character may prove very costly for our political...when it was shot down by the U.S. Navy on July 3. Flight 655 was en route to Dubai from Bandar Abbas. On Iran Air’s performance, Majidi said despite

  17. Detection of Energetic Materials by Laser Photofragmentation/Fragment Detection and Pyrolysis/Laser-Induced Fluorescence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-01

    Analysis." Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, vol. 31, pp. 1-72, 1996. 4. Huang, S. D., L. Kolaitis, and D. M. Lubman. "Detection Of Explosives Using Laser...Desorption/Mass Spectrometry." Applied Spectroscopy , vol. 41, pp. 137 1-1376, 1987. 5. Riris, H., C. B. Carisle, D. F. McMillen, and D. E. Cooper...Photofragmentation/Ionization Spectrometry." Applied Spectroscopy , vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 1907-1912, 1993. 10. Wu, D., J. Singh, F. Yueh, and D. Monts. Ŗ,4,6

  18. An Innovative Multi-Agent Search-and-Rescue Path Planning Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-09

    Autonomous Robots , 31(4), 2011, pp. 333-343. [25] J. Berger, N. Lo, and M. Noel, “Exact Solution for Search -and- Rescue Path Planning”, Proceedings of...Isler, “ Search and pursuit-evasion in mobile robotics : A survey”, Autonomous Robots (AURO), 31(4), 2011, pp. 299-316. [17] J.O. Royset and H. Sato... Robotics VIII, Guanajuato, Mexico. 2009, 501-516. [22] G.A. Hollinger, and S. Singh, “GSST: Anytime Guaranteed Search with Spanning Trees”, Autonomous

  19. Techniques for Exploiting Unlabeled Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    Moore, Ar- jit Singh, Jure Leskovec, Stano Funiak, Andreas Krause, Gaurav Veda, John Lang - ford, R. Ravi, Peter Lee, Srinath Sridhar, Virginia Vassilevska...based on ²-cover size, e.g., Benedek et al.[7]. The idea here is that suppose we have a known distribution D and we identify some hypothesis h that has...examples. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 7:2399–2434, 2006. 2.1.2, 5.1.2 [7] G.M. Benedek and A. Itai. Learnability with respect to a fixed

  20. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 21

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Firestone, R. B.

    2015-07-01

    This evaluation of A = 21 has been updated from previous evaluations published in 2004Fi10, 1998En04, 1990En08, and 1978En02. Coverage includes properties of adopted levels and γ-rays, decay-scheme data (energies, intensities and placement of radiations), and cross reference entries. The following tables continue the tradition of showing the systematic relationships between levels in A = 21. Much of the new data in this evaluations were taken directly from the xundl database, compiled under the direction of Balraj Singh, McMaster University. The evaluator is particularly appreciative of the efforts of the xundl compilers.

  1. Comment on ‘Yet another encounter with the golden ratio: balancing laminar bodies on the edge’

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dutta, Gautam; Mehta, Mitaxi

    2016-11-01

    When a circle is excised from a bigger circle so that the center of mass of the remaining portion is at a point in the inner edge, then the radii of the two circles are in the golden ratio. The same is true for any even sided regular polygon for excissions along certain symmetry axes of the figure as presented in Pathak and Singh (2016 Eur. J. Phys. 37 055001). We extend the result to shapes that do not have any rotational symmetry and also along axes which are not symmetry axes.

  2. Geometric measure of quantum discord with weak measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Lei; Wang, Qing-Wen; Shen, Shu-Qian; Li, Ming

    2016-01-01

    Super quantum discord based on weak measurements was introduced by Singh and Pati (Ann Phys 343:141-152, 2014). We propose a geometric way of quantifying quantum discord with weak measurements. It is shown that this geometric measure of quantum discord with weak measurements (GQDW) is linearly dependent on geometric measure of quantum discord (Dakic et al. in Phys Rev Lett 105:190502, 2010) and only captures partial quantumness of the states. It is found that the quantum correlation can be extracted by a sequence of infinitesimal weak measurements. Finally, the level surfaces of GQDW for Bell-diagonal states are depicted and the results are demonstrated by explicit example.

  3. Dilepton production as a useful probe of quark gluon plasma with temperature dependent chemical potential quark mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Yogesh; Singh, S. Somorendro

    2016-07-01

    We extend the previous study of dilepton production using [S. Somorendro Singh and Y. Kumar, Can. J. Phys. 92 (2014) 31] based on a simple quasiparticle model of quark-gluon plasma (QGP). In this model, finite value of quark mass uses temperature dependent chemical potential the so-called Temperature Dependent Chemical Potential Quark Mass (TDCPQM). We calculate dilepton production in the relevant range of mass region. It is observed that the production rate is marginally enhanced from the earlier work. This is due to the effect of TDCPQM and its effect is highly significant in the production of dilepton.

  4. Restudy of surface tension of QGP with one-loop correction in the mean-field potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, S. Somorendro; Gupta, K. K.; Jha, A. K.

    2014-07-01

    Surface tension of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) evolution with one-loop correction in the mean-field potential is studied. First, with the correction, the stable QGP droplet size decreases. Then, the value of surface tension is found to be improved and it approaches to the lattice value of surface tension 0.24Tc3. Moreover, the ratio of the surface tension to the cube of the critical temperature is found to increase the value in comparison to earlier studies without correction factor [R. Ramanathan, K. K. Gupta, A. K. Jha and S. S. Singh, Pram. J. Phys. 68, 757 (2007)].

  5. Supergranular Convection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Udayashankar, Paniveni

    2015-12-01

    Observation of the Solar photosphere through high resolution instruments have long indicated that the surface of the Sun is not a tranquil, featureless surface but is beset with a granular appearance. These cellular velocity patterns are a visible manifestation of sub- photospheric convection currents which contribute substantially to the outward transport of energy from the deeper layers, thus maintaining the energy balance of the Sun as a whole.Convection is the chief mode of transport in the outer layers of all cool stars such as the Sun (Noyes,1982). Convection zone of thickness 30% of the Solar radius lies in the sub-photospheric layers of the Sun. Here the opacity is so large that heat flux transport is mainly by convection rather than by photon diffusion. Convection is revealed on four scales. On the scale of 1000 km, it is granulation and on the scale of 8-10 arcsec, it is Mesogranulation. The next hierarchial scale of convection , Supergranules are in the range of 30-40 arcsec. The largest reported manifestation of convection in the Sun are ‘Giant Cells’or ‘Giant Granules’, on a typical length scale of about 108 m.'Supergranules' is caused by the turbulence that extends deep into the convection zone. They have a typical lifetime of about 20hr with spicules marking their boundaries. Gas rises in the centre of the supergranules and then spreads out towards the boundary and descends.Broadly speaking supergranules are characterized by the three parameters namely the length L, the lifetime T and the horizontal flow velocity vh . The interrelationships amongst these parameters can shed light on the underlying convective processes and are in agreement with the Kolmogorov theory of turbulence as applied to large scale solar convection (Krishan et al .2002 ; Paniveni et. al. 2004, 2005, 2010).References:1) Noyes, R.W., The Sun, Our Star (Harvard University Press, 1982)2) Krishan, V., Paniveni U., Singh , J., Srikanth R., 2002, MNRAS, 334/1,2303) Paniveni

  6. Modified 8×8 quantization table and Huffman encoding steganography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Yongning; Sun, Shuliang

    2014-10-01

    A new secure steganography, which is based on Huffman encoding and modified quantized discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients, is provided in this paper. Firstly, the cover image is segmented into 8×8 blocks and modified DCT transformation is applied on each block. Huffman encoding is applied to code the secret image before embedding. DCT coefficients are quantized by modified quantization table. Inverse DCT(IDCT) is conducted on each block. All the blocks are combined together and the steg image is finally achieved. The experiment shows that the proposed method is better than DCT and Mahender Singh's in PSNR and Capacity.

  7. Supergranulation, a convective phenomenon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Udayashankar, Paniveni

    2015-08-01

    Observation of the Solar photosphere through high resolution instruments have long indicated that the surface of the Sun is not a tranquil, featureless surface but is beset with a granular appearance. These cellular velocity patterns are a visible manifestation of sub- photospheric convection currents which contribute substantially to the outward transport of energy from the deeper layers, thus maintaining the energy balance of the Sun as a whole.Convection is the chief mode of transport in the outer layers of all cool stars such as the Sun (Noyes,1982). Convection zone of thickness 30% of the Solar radius lies in the sub-photospheric layers of the Sun. Convection is revealed on four scales. On the scale of 1000 km, it is granulation and on the scale of 8-10 arcsec, it is Mesogranulation. The next hierarchial scale of convection ,Supergranules are in the range of 30-40 arcsec. The largest reported manifestation of convection in the Sun are ‘Giant Cells’or ‘Giant Granules’, on a typical length scale of about 108 m.'Supergranules' is caused by the turbulence that extends deep into the convection zone. They have a typical lifetime of about 20hr with spicules marking their boundaries. Gas rises in the centre of the supergranules and then spreads out towards the boundary and descends.Broadly speaking supergranules are characterized by the three parameters namely the length L, the lifetime T and the horizontal flow velocity vh . The interrelationships amongst these parameters can shed light on the underlying convective processes and are in agreement with the Kolmogorov theory of turbulence as applied to large scale solar convection (Krishan et al .2002 ; Paniveni et. al. 2004, 2005, 2010).References:1) Noyes, R.W., The Sun, Our Star (Harvard University Press, 1982)2) Krishan, V., Paniveni U., Singh , J., Srikanth R., 2002, MNRAS, 334/1,2303) Paniveni , U., Krishan, V., Singh, J., Srikanth, R., 2004, MNRAS, 347, 1279-12814) Paniveni , U., Krishan, V., Singh, J

  8. Non-Adiabatic Holonomic Quantum Gates in an atomic system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azimi Mousolou, Vahid; Canali, Carlo M.; Sjoqvist, Erik

    2012-02-01

    Quantum computation is essentially the implementation of a universal set of quantum gate operations on a set of qubits, which is reliable in the presence of noise. We propose a scheme to perform robust gates in an atomic four-level system using the idea of non-adiabatic holonomic quantum computation proposed in [1]. The gates are realized by applying sequences of short laser pulses that drive transitions between the four energy levels in such a way that the dynamical phases vanish. [4pt] [1] E. Sjoqvist, D.M. Tong, B. Hessmo, M. Johansson, K. Singh, arXiv:1107.5127v2 [quant-ph

  9. Theory of Lattice Strain for Materials Undergoing Plastic Deformation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karato, S.

    2008-12-01

    Radial x-ray diffraction is used to probe physical properties of materials including elastic and plastic properties. The theory used behind such an practice is the one developed by Singh (1993) in which the relation between lattice strain and elastic constants and macroscopic stress is derived. In this theory, the variation of inferred stress with the crystallographic planes, (hkl), is due to the elastic anisotropy. However, recent experimental studies showed that in many cases, the variation of stress with (hkl) far exceeds the value expected from this theory. I have developed a modified theory to rectify this problem with Singh's theory. In Singh's theory, the stress distribution in a polycrystalline material is treated only either unrelaxed or relaxed state. The role of plastic deformation is included only to the extent that plastic flow influences this stress state. Such an assumption corresponds to a Voigt model behavior, which is not an appropriate model at high temperatures where continuing plastic flow occurs with concurrent microscopic equilibrium, elastic deformation. This is a Maxwell model type behavior, and my model provides a stress analysis in a Maxwell material with anisotropic and non-linear power-law rheology. In this theory, the lattice strain corresponding to an imposed macroscopic strain-rate is calculated by three steps: (i) conversion of macroscopic strain-rate to macroscopic stress, (ii) conversion of macroscopic stress to microscopic stress at individual grains, and (iii) calculation of microscopic strain due to microscopic stress. The first step involves anisotropy in macroscopic viscosity that depends on anisotropy in crystal plasticity and lattice-preferred orientation. The second step involves anisotropic crystal plasticity and finally the third step involves elastic crystal anisotropy. In most cases, the influence of LPO is weak and in such a case, the lattice strain depends on (hkl) due to the anisotropy in both elastic and plastic

  10. EPR, UV-vis, magnetic, spectral studies and electrochemical behaviour of mononuclear transition metal complexes derived from novel hexa-aza-macrotricyclic ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Gupta, Nidhi; Gupta, Rachna; Bawa, Sukhwant Singh

    2005-11-01

    Aza-macrocyclic complexes have gained importance because of their pharmacological properties [N.K. Singh, Srivastava, Trans. Met. Chem. 25 (2000) 133]. Hexa-aza-macrocyles containing glutarimide efficiently coordinate as hexa-dentate ligand, to give complexes of Cu(II) possessing tetragonal structure and Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) metal ions that are essentially octahedral. Spectroscopic, and chemical characterizations of these systems are presented in this article. For Ni(II) complexes results on electron transfer processes measured by cyclic voltammetry and colourimetry have been studied.

  11. The ABCD's of 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and adrenoleukodystrophy.

    PubMed

    Weidling, Ian; Swerdlow, Russell H

    2016-07-01

    This Editorial highlights a study by Singh and coworkers in the current issue of Journal of Neurochemistry, in which the authors present additional evidence that AMPKα1 is reduced in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). They make a case for increasing AMPKα1 activity for therapeutic purposes in this disease, and indicate how this goal may be achieved. Read the highlighted article 'Metformin-induced mitochondrial function and ABCD2 up regulation in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy involves AMP activated protein kinase' on page 86. © 2016 International Society for Neurochemistry.

  12. Improved Understanding of In Situ Chemical Oxidation. Technical Objective I: Contaminant Oxidation Kinetics Contaminant Oxidation Kinetics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    decomposition by several advanced oxidation processes. Chemosphere , 41, 1271-1277. 5. Bier, E.L., Singh, J., Li, Z.M., Comfort, S.D., Shea, P.J...G.M., 2001a. The mechanism and applicability of in situ oxidation of trichloroethylene with Fenton’s reagent. J. Hazard. Mater., 87, 171 -186. 45...oxidation by Fenton’s reagent. Chemosphere , 45, 85-90. 22. Duesterberg, C.K., Waite, T.D., 2006. Process optimization of fenton oxidation using kinetic

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of a Hyperbranched Hydrogen Bond Acidic Carbosilane Sorbent Polymer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    double bond of HCSA2 (1) electrophilically attacks the ketone carbon of the HFA. The bonds are formed via a pericyclic mechanism which requires formation...val- ues for H, 3.1% and C, 35.4% compared with the theoretical weight percents of H, 2.2%, and C, 34.3%. Fluorine composi- tion numbers were...Srcic, S. Acta Chim Solv 2004, 51, 373–394. 43 Bhadury, P. S.; Dubey, V.; Singh, S.; Saxena, C. J. Fluorine Chem 2005, 126, 1252–1256. 44 Grate, J. W

  14. Three new species of Baeoentedon Girault (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) from China, with the first record of whitefly host association (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae).

    PubMed

    Wang, Zhu-Hong; Huang, Jian; Polaszek, Andrew

    2014-07-01

    Three new species of Baeoentedon Girault (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) are described from China, Baeoentedon balios Wang, Huang & Polaszek sp. nov., Baeoentedon bouceki Wang, Huang & Polaszek sp. nov. and Baeoentedon virgatus Wang, Huang & Polaszek sp. nov. Both female and male of Baeoentedon balios were reared from the whitefly Pealius spina (Singh) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on the bodhi tree Ficus religiosa L. (Urticales: Moraceae). The male and the whitefly host association of Baeoentedon are recorded for the first time. A key is also provided to females of the world species of the genus.

  15. India-U.S. Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-02

    suspect the involvement of Bangladesh- and/or Pakistan-based Islamist terrorist groups. ! On August 23, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe ended a two... Shinzo Abe , who is effusive in his praise of India as a “partner and friend,” was seen by many as part of a long-term effort to hedge against China’s...growing regional influence.47 Abe and Prime Minister Singh issued a “Roadmap for New Dimensions to the Strategic and Global Partnership” outlining

  16. Seepage-Based Factor of Safety Analysis Using 3D Groundwater Simulation Results

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    Edris, and D . Richards. 2006. A first-principle, physics- based watershed model: WASH123D. In Watershed models, ed. V. P. Singh and D . K . Frevert...should be cited as follows: Cheng, H.-P., K . D . Winters, S. M. England, and R. E. Pickett. 2014. Factor of safety analysis using 3D groundwater...Journal of Dam Safety 11(3): 33–42. Pickett, R. E., K . D . Winters, H.-P. Cheng, and S. M. England. 2013. Herbert Hoover Dike (HHD) flow model. Project

  17. A possible mechanism for the observed streaming of O(+) and H(+) ions at nearly equal speeds in the distant magnetotail

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singh, N.; Schunk, R. W.

    1985-01-01

    In recent years, O(+) and H(+) ions streaming away from the earth along geomagnetic field lines have been observed in the distant magnetotail region. In the present paper, it is suggested that the transverse acceleration of the ions occurs on auroral field lines at altitudes above the field-aligned potential drops, where ion beams and electrostatic hydrogen cyclotron (EHC) waves have been simultaneously observed. It is pointed out that the preferential acceleration of O(+) relative to H(+) occurs through the interaction of O(+) ions with weak EHC waves, as suggested by Singh et al. (1983). A quantitative explanation is provided for the observed relationship between the energies of O(+) and H(+) ions.

  18. Catchment area-based evaluation of the AMC-dependent SCS-CN-based rainfall-runoff models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishra, S. K.; Jain, M. K.; Pandey, R. P.; Singh, V. P.

    2005-09-01

    Using a large set of rainfall-runoff data from 234 watersheds in the USA, a catchment area-based evaluation of the modified version of the Mishra and Singh (2002a) model was performed. The model is based on the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) methodology and incorporates the antecedent moisture in computation of direct surface runoff. Comparison with the existing SCS-CN method showed that the modified version performed better than did the existing one on the data of all seven area-based groups of watersheds ranging from 0.01 to 310.3 km2.

  19. Self-injurious behaviour (SIB)--from definition to human rights.

    PubMed

    Rothenberger, A

    1993-01-01

    This article is part of a special section on 'self-injurious behaviour and autism' and is mainly based on a book edited by Luiselli, Matson and Singh (1992) addressing empirical data on self-injurious behaviour and mental retardation from a behavioural perspective. Within the overview of the book some information on autism is also presented and critically discussed. Self-injurious behaviour is a poorly understood phenomenon and problematic in many ways; its definition is not easy; little is known about the causes and neuroscientific models. Demographic data are scarce and functional analysis and interventions (behavioural techniques, medication, education) need to be further developed, under the protection of human rights committees.

  20. Role of Defects in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Chemical Sensors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    Bhowmik, P.; Niyogi, S.; Zhao, B.; Itkis, M.; Haddon, R . Chem Phys. Lett. 2001, 347, 8. (14) Andzelm, J.; Govind , N.; Maiti, A. Chem. Phys. Lett. 2006...M.; Johnson, M. R .; Wilson, T.; DePies, M.; Vilches, O. E. Phys. ReV. B 2004, 70, 035410. (7) Zhao, J.; Lu, J. P.; Han, J.; Yang, C. Appl. Phys. Lett...Cao, G.; Singh, R . Appl. Surf. Sci. 2003, 211, 166. (11) Valentini, L.; Mercuri, F.; Armentano, I.; Cantalini, C.; Picozzi, S.; Lozzi, L.; Santucci, S

  1. Comparison of the Side Populations in Pretreatment and Postrelapse Neuroblastoma Cell Lines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    discussion 1890. [6] Kern SE and Shibata D (2007). The fuzzy math of solid tumor stem cells: a per- spective. Cancer Res 67, 8985–8988. Figure 5...Squire J, and Dirks PB (2003). Identification of a cancer stem cell in human brain tumors . Cancer Res 63, 5821–5828. [14] Singh SK, Hawkins C, Clarke...Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA Abstract Cancer stem–like cells have been identified in both primary tumors and in cell lines and seem to have a high degree

  2. Crystallographic Studies of the Anthrax Lethal Toxin.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Singh, K. R. Klimpel, C. P. Quinn, Y. K. Chaudhary, J. Biol. Chem. 266, 15493-97 (1991). The carboxyl- terminal end of protective antigen is required for...AD CONTRACT NUMBER DAMD17-94-C-4047 TITLE: Crystallographic Studies of the Anthrax Lethal Toxin PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Christin A. Frederick, Ph.D...FUNDING NUMBERS Anthrax Lethal Toxin DAMDI7-94-C-4047 6. AUTHOR(S) Christin A. Frederick, Ph.D. 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8

  3. Theoretical Modeling of Molecular Mechanisms, Time Scales and Strains in Prion Diseases

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Higher order fission termChain length 2 Chain length 3 Chain length 2 Chain length 3 gnucN1n1−1 2g+N1N2 2g+N1N3 … gfN2 2gfN3 … KUNES, COX, AND SINGH...prion aggregation in vitro illustrating the role of fission ; (4) kinetic analysis of transgenic mice time course data for anchorless cellular prions...observations: • With the inclusion of side chains pointing to the outside, it is easy to see that the cross sectional size of LHβH motifs are of the order

  4. Stream Cipher Based on Pseudo-Random Number Generation Using Optical Affine Transformation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-01-01

    using double-random phase encoding," Appl. Opt. 36, pp. 1054-1058, 1997. 6. G. Unnikrishnan , J. Joseph, and K. Singh, "Optical encryption system that...system using three-dimensional keys in the fresnel do- main," Opt. Lett. 24, pp. 762-764, 1999. 8. M . Madjarova, M . Kakuta, M.Yamaguchi, and N. Ohyama...34Optical implementation of the stream cipher based on the irreversible cellular automata algorithm," Opt. Lett. 22, pp. 1624-1626, 1997. 9. M . Kakuta, M

  5. Compilation of NRL Publications on High Temperature Superconductivity.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Gubser, and S.A, Wolf (to be published in Proceedings of Novel Mechanisms Conf.) , Suprconducting Phase Transitions in the La-M-Cu-O Layered...Wolf, C.S. Pande, A.K. Singh, E.F. Skelton and B.A. Bender (to be published in Novel Mechanisms Conf. Evidence of conventional superconductivity in I...165 V.Z. Kresin and S.A. Wolf (to be published in Novel Mechanisms Conf.) iv Complex Hamiltonians: Common Features of Mechanisms for High

  6. Darwin and Mendel today: a comment on "Limits of imagination: the 150th Anniversary of Mendel's Laws, and why Mendel failed to see the importance of his discovery for Darwin's theory of evolution".

    PubMed

    Liu, Yongsheng; Li, Xiuju

    2016-01-01

    We comment on a recent paper by Rama Singh, who concludes that Mendel deserved to be called the father of genetics, and Darwin would not have understood the significance of Mendel's paper had he read it. We argue that Darwin should have been regarded as the father of genetics not only because he was the first to formulate a unifying theory of heredity, variation, and development -- Pangenesis, but also because he clearly described almost all genetical phenomena of fundamental importance, including what he called "prepotency" and what we now call "dominance" or "Mendelian inheritance". The word "gene" evolved from Darwin's imagined "gemmules", instead of Mendel's so-called "factors".

  7. A Key and Diagnostic Compendium to the Species of the Genus Pratylenchus Filipjev, 1936 (Lesion Nematodes)

    PubMed Central

    Handoo, Zafar Ahmad; Golden, A. Morgan

    1989-01-01

    An identification key to 63 species of Pratylenchus is given. A compendium of the most diagnostic characters to be used directly in identification of species is included as a practical alternative and supplement to the key. P. tenuis, P. similis, P. impar, P. ranjani, and P. neocapitatus are recognized as valid species on the basis of study of type specimens. P. hyderabadensis Singh &Gill, 1986 is synonymized with P. dasi Fortuner, 1985. P. hexincisus Taylor &Jenkins, 1957 is confirmed as occasionally having 4 -6 lines in lateral field (instead of 6 only). Comments on the status of some species and a list of species of the genus are given. PMID:19287599

  8. Association of Shock, Coagulopathy, and Initial Vital Signs with Massive Transfusion in Combat Casualties

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    Forces in the global war on terrorism: 2001–2004. Ann Surg. 2007;245:986–991. 3. Brohi K, Cohen MJ, Ganter MT, et al. Acute coagulopathy of trauma...Cohn SM, Murtha M. Early coagulopathy predicts mortality in trauma. J Trauma. 2003;55:39–44. 5. Hess JR, Brohi K, Dutton RP, et al. The coagulopathy of...Gilmore D, et al. Epidemiology of immediate and early trauma deaths at an urban Level I trauma center. Am Surg. 1998;64:950–954. 30. Brohi K, Singh J

  9. Bianchi type-I universe in Lyra manifold with quadratic equation of state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Şen, R.; Aygün, S.

    2017-02-01

    In this study, we have solved Einstein field equations for Bianchi type I universe model in Lyra manifold with quadratic equation of state (EoS) p = ap(t)2 - ρ(t). Where α ≠0 is an important constant. Cosmic pressure, density and displacement vector (β2) are related with α constant. In this study β2 is a decreasing function of time and behaves like a cosmological constant. These solutions agree with the studies of Halford, Pradhan and Singh, Aygün et al., Agarwal et al., Yadav and Haque as well as SN Ia observations.

  10. Radiation Protection by the Antioxidant Alpha-Tocopherol Succinate

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    family of 8 tocols—4 each of α, β, γ, and δ tocopherols and tocotrienols (Figure 1). O CH3 R1 R2 HO CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 R1 = R2 = CH3 d- alpha ...CH3 CH3 R1 = R2 = CH3 R1 = R2 = H R1 = H, R2 = CH3 R1 = CH3, R2 = H d- alpha - tocotrienol d-beta- tocotrienol d-gamma- tocotrienol d-delta- tocotrienol ...Radiation Protection by the Antioxidant Alpha -Tocopherol Succinate Vijay K. Singh1, V. Srinivasan1, Raymond Toles1, Patience Karikari1, Thomas

  11. Revision of Metahaliotrema Yamaguti, 1953 (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae), with new and previously described species from the spotted scat Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) (Perciformes: Scatophagidae) in Vietnam.

    PubMed

    Kritsky, Delane C; Nguyen, Ha Van; Ha, Ngo Duy; Heckmann, Richard A

    2016-05-01

    An emended diagnosis of Metahaliotrema Yamaguti, 1953 (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae) is provided based on specimens of six species collected from the spotted scat Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) (Scatophagidae) in Vietnam: M. scatophagi Yamaguti, 1953 (type-species); M. cf. yamagutii Mizelle & Price, 1964; M. mizellei Venkatanarasaiah, 1981; M. kulkarnii Venkatanarasaiah, 1981; M. ypsilocleithrum n. sp.; and M. similis n. sp. Methaliotrema filamentosum Venkatanarasaiah, 1981 from the whipfin silver-biddy Gerres filamentosus Cuvier (Gerreidae) is included as the only other valid member of the genus. Metahaliotrema arii Yamaguti, 1953 from an ariid catfish is considered incertae sedis within the Dactylogyridae; and Metahaliotrema srivastavai Singh & Agarwal, 1994 from a bagrid catfish is transferred to Chauhanellus Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1969 as Chauhanellus srivastavai (Singh & Agarwal, 1994) n. comb. Metahaliotrema geminatohamula Pan, Ding & Zhang, 1995 from spotted scat in China is determined to be a junior subjective synonym of M. scatophagi. The two new species and M. scatophagi, M. mizellei, and M. kulkarnii are described or redescribed based on specimens from Vietnam.

  12. Effect of ultrasound pre-treatment on the drying kinetics of brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum.

    PubMed

    Kadam, Shekhar U; Tiwari, Brijesh K; O'Donnell, Colm P

    2015-03-01

    The effect of ultrasound pre-treatment on the drying kinetics of brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum under hot-air convective drying was investigated. Pretreatments were carried out at ultrasound intensity levels ranging from 7.00 to 75.78 Wcm(-2) for 10 min using an ultrasonic probe system. It was observed that ultrasound pre-treatments reduced the drying time required. The shortest drying times were obtained from samples pre-treated at 75.78 Wcm(-2). The fit quality of 6 thin-layer drying models was also evaluated using the determination of coefficient (R(2)), root means square error (RMSE), AIC (Akaike information criterion) and BIC (Bayesian information criterion). Drying kinetics were modelled using the Newton, Henderson and Pabis, Page, Wang and Singh, Midilli et al. and Weibull models. The Newton, Wang and Singh, and Midilli et al. models showed the best fit to the experimental drying data. Color of ultrasound pretreated dried seaweed samples were lighter compared to control samples. It was concluded that ultrasound pretreatment can be effectively used to reduce the energy cost and drying time for drying of A. nodosum.

  13. Mitochondria in biology and medicine--2012.

    PubMed

    Desler, Claus; Rasmussen, Lene Juel

    2014-05-01

    As the understanding of mitochondria and their importance for the cell and organism is developing, increasing evidence is demonstrating the organelle to be intricately involved in an extensive range of pathologies. This range of pathologies include general signs of premature aging, neuro-muscular dysfunctions, cancer, diabetes, various heart diseases, inflammation and other conditions not previously known to be related to mitochondrial function. A better understanding of mitochondria therefore allows a better understanding of related pathologies. It enables the usage of mitochondrial function as biomarkers for the diseases and most important, it opens the possibility of a treatment or a cure for a disease. "Mitochondria in Biology and Medicine" was the title of the second annual conference of Society of Mitochondrial Research and Medicine-India. The conference was organized by Rana P. Singh, Keshav Singh and Kumarasamy Thangaraj, and was held at the newly opened School of Life Sciences, Central University of Gujarat (CUG), Gandhinagar, India, during 2-3 November 2012. The conference featured talks from internationally renowned scientists within the field of mitochondrial research and offered both students and fellow researchers a comprehensive update to the newest research within the field. This paper summarizes key outcomes of the presentations. Copyright © 2013 © Elsevier B.V. and Mitochondria Research Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Documentation & Condition Mapping for Restoration & Revitalisation of Historic Sheesh Mahal & Char Bagh Complex in Patiala (punjab), India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dasgupta, S.

    2017-08-01

    Located in the Northern State of Punjab, the historic city of Patiala has always been a centre of culture in north India, and has seen the evolution of its own distinct style of architecture with Rajput and Mughal influences. The city is renowned for its rich architectural heritage, Music, Craft, Sports and Cuisine. The fourth Maharaja Narinder Singh was a great patron of art, architecture and music and it was during his time that several palaces like the Moti Bagh Palace, Sheesh Mahal and Banasur Bagh were designed followed by Baradari Palace. Later it was Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (1900-1938) who made Patiala State famous with his lavish lifestyle.This paper describes the process followed for Documentation and condition assessment of the historic Sheesh Mahal & Char Bagh Complex in order to restore and revitalise the palace building and the Mughal garden. The exercise included Archival research, Field surveys, Condition Mapping, inventories using traditional methods as well as GIS and preparation of restoration & conservation solutions along with post conservation management manual. The Major challenges encountered were identifying the correct documentation methodology for mapping as well as managing the large database generated on site. The Documentation and Mapping was used as a significant tool to guide towards the conservation and Management strategy of the complex.

  15. Wheeler-DeWitt quantization and singularities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Falciano, F. T.; Pinto-Neto, N.; Struyve, W.

    2015-02-01

    We consider a Bohmian approach to the Wheeler-DeWitt quantization of the Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker model and investigate the question of whether or not there are singularities, in the sense that the Universe reaches zero volume. We find that for generic wave functions (i.e., nonclassical wave functions), there is a nonzero probability for a trajectory to be nonsingular. This should be contrasted to the consistent histories approach for which it was recently shown by Craig and Singh that there is always a singularity. This result illustrates that the question of singularities depends much on which version of quantum theory one adopts. This was already pointed out by Pinto-Neto et al., albeit with a different Bohmian approach. Our current Bohmian approach agrees with the consistent histories approach by Craig and Singh for single-time histories, unlike the one studied earlier by Pinto-Neto et al. Although the trajectories are usually different in the two Bohmian approaches, their qualitative behavior is the same for generic wave functions.

  16. Simulation of nose whistlers: An application to low latitude whistlers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Kalpana; Singh, R. P.; Kumar Singh, Abhay; Singh, R. N.

    2006-05-01

    Simulation technique for whistler mode signal propagating through inhomogeneous plasma using WKB approximation has been developed (Singh, K., Singh, R.P., Ferencz, O.E., 2004. Simulation of whistler mode propagation for low latitude stations. Earth Planet Space 56, 979-987). In the present paper, we have used it for the analysis of recorded signals at low latitudes and estimated the nose frequency, which is not observed on the dynamic spectra. At low latitudes nose frequency is ˜100 kHz or more and therefore it is absent in the dynamic spectra due to attenuation of the signal at higher frequencies. The importance of nose frequency is in determining the exact path of propagation, which is required in probing of ambient medium. It is shown that the method permits to study the nose frequency variation, it can be used to deduce physical parameters as the global electric field. A case study permits to get a reasonable value of the electric field, which up to now could not be done at very low latitude.

  17. Additions to the Encyrtidae and Mymaridae (Chalcidoidea) of India with new distribution and host records for some species

    PubMed Central

    Rameshkumar, A.; V, Naveen

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background Encyrtidae and Mymaridae of India have not been surveyed in depth and hosts are not known for most of the species as the methods of collections used are passive and do not yield firsthand information on the hosts. Based on our ongoing surveys on the Encyrtidae and Mymaridae of India, we report here new distribution and host records for some species. New information Acmopolynema campylurum Xu and Lin, Litus cynipseus Haliday, Omyomymar glabrum Lin and Chiappini and Platystethynium Ogloblin (Mymaridae), and Rhytidothorax purpureiscutellum (Girault) (Encyrtidae) are reported for the first time from India. Anagyrus aquilonaris (Noyes and Hayat) is recorded as new to Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya. Paraphaenodiscus indicus Singh and Agarwal and Paraphaenodiscus monawari Bhuiya are recorded from south India for the first time, the latter on a new host, Pulvinaria polygonata. Chorizococcus sorghi Williams (Pseudococcidae) is reported as a host for Cryptanusia ajmerensis (Fatma & Shafee), for which no hosts are hitherto known and the male of Cryptanusia is documented for the first time. Aclerda sp. is recorded as a new host for Neastymachus axillaris Singh, Agarwal and Basha. PMID:26069438

  18. Seroprevalence of bovine herpesvirus-1 antibodies in bovines in five districts of Uttarakhand

    PubMed Central

    Thakur, Vipul; Kumar, Mahesh; Rathish, R. L.

    2017-01-01

    Aim: This study was conducted to know the status of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) antibodies in the bovines of the selected area of Uttarakhand. Materials and Methods: A total of 489 serum samples, 392 of cattle and 97 of buffaloes were randomly collected from the unvaccinated bovine population of five districts viz., Dehradun, Haridwar, Nainital, Pithoragarh, and Udham Singh Nagar and were tested by avidin biotin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for BHV-1 antibodies. Results: The overall prevalence was observed to be 29.03%. At district level, the highest prevalence was recorded in Pithoragarh district (40.00%) while it was lowest in district Udham Singh Nagar (16.00%). The prevalence of BHV-1 antibodies was found to be higher in unorganized dairy units (31.02%) compared to organized farms (26.51%) in Uttarakhand. Buffaloes were found to have greater prevalence (38.14%) than cattle (26.78%) while on sex-wise basis; it was found that more females (30.08%) were harboring antibodies to the virus than males (16.21%). Conclusion: The study revealed that the population in the area under study has been exposed to BHV-1 and hence prevention and control strategies must be implemented. PMID:28344394

  19. Immunotherapy of Uveal Melanoma: Vaccination Against Cancer.

    PubMed

    Kummer, Mirko; Schuler-Thurner, Beatrice

    2017-01-01

    Uveal melanoma is the most frequently occurring primary intraocular tumor in adults, with an incidence of about 5 out of 100,000 per year, the incidence rising with increasing age (Lipski, Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:1005-1019, 2013; Metz et al., Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:686-691, 2013; Singh and Topham, Ophthalmology 110:956-961, 2003). Often diagnosed late due to a lack of early symptoms, this kind of melanoma is associated with a poor prognosis. Approximately 50 % of the patients develop distant metastases (Lipski, Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:1005-1019, 2013; Metz et al., Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 230:686-691, 2013; Singh and Topham, Ophthalmology 110:956-961, 2003). In sharp contrast to cutaneous melanoma, uveal melanoma shows a strong liver tropism and spreads exclusively via the hematogenous route (except for tumors with extraocular expansion) (Heindl et al., Arch Ophthalmol 128:1001-1008, 2010). The most likely reason for this observation is the lack of lymphatic vessels in the choroid and alymphatic barrier of the sclera (Schlereth et al., Exp Eye Res 125:203-209, 2014; Schroedl et al., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:5222-5229, 2008). Due to its location in the immune-privileged eye, the uveal melanoma is widely protected from the immune system. Therefore, the goal of the approach presented here, of a "personalized vaccination therapy" is to help the immune system recognize and fight the tumor.

  20. [Citation analysis of the ocular ischemic syndrome literature].

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu; Liu, Zhe; Wang, Yanling

    2014-12-01

    To characterize the literature associated with the ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS) field from January 1, 2000 to December 1, 2013. Literature analysis. Articles related to OIS between January 1, 2000 and December 1, 2013 were found by advanced search using Google Scholar. All results underwent visual inspection to ensure that the final results included only literature associated with OIS in some way. All the results including the publication year, authors, organizations, nations and the source journals were listed and analyzed. There were 322 literatures which cited 2 798 times totally. The h-index of literature associated with OIS was 28. There were only 6 articles published in 2000, while 54 articles in 2013 which was significant different. The largest number of author is from US, then China and Japan. The most frequent cited article was a review which summarized retinal vascular occlusive disorders written by Sohan Singh Hayreh. And the other top 10 articles talked about intravitreal injection, hemodynamics and its pathogenesis. The hightest h-index of author, orgnization, country, and source title was Sohan Singh Hayreh, University of Iowa and Utrecht University, United States, and Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science respectively. The quantity of the articles about OIS growed every year. OIS research is getting more attention gradually, particularly in intravitreal injection, hemodynamics and its pathogenesis.

  1. Weighted density approximation (WDA) calculations for ferroelectric materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Zhigang; Cohen, R. E.; Singh, David

    2003-03-01

    Although LDA and GGA are extraordinarily successful, they fail to predict certain properties accurately, e.g., the equilibrium volume, band gaps and the dielectric constant. The weighted density approximation (WDA), which incorporates nonlocal information through a model exchange-correlation (xc) hole, was proposed to fix the drawbacks of LDA [1,2,3,4]. We used Plane-wave basis, Perdew-Wang pair-distribution functional [2], and shell partitioning [1,4], within which the valence-valence interaction is treated with WDA, while core-core and core-valence interactions are treated with LDA. We calculated the ground-state properties of KTaO_3, KNbO_3, BaTiO_3, PbTiO3 and PMN. Comparing with LDA, WDA significantly improves the equilibrium volumes of these ferroelectric materials for the cubic state, but it severely overestimates the soft-mode instabilities of rhombohedral BaTiO3 and tetragonal PbTiO_3. Another subtle issue is that whether or not including Pb 5d states in valence dramatically changes the WDA equation-of-state of cubic PbTiO_3. Improvements will be discussed. * Supported by ONR. [1] O. Gunnarsson, M. Jonson and B.I. Lundqist, Phys. Rev. B 20, 3136 (1979). [2] J. P. Perdew and Yue Wang, Phys. Rev. B 46, 12947 (1992). [3] David Singh, Phys. Rev. B 48, 14099 (1993). [4] I. I. Mazin and David Singh, arXiv:cond-mat/9801301.

  2. Characterization of a 21-Story Reinforced Building in the Valley of Mexico Using MEMS Accelerometers.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Husker, A. L.; Dominguez, L. A.; Becerril, A.; Espejo, L.; Cochran, E. S.

    2014-12-01

    Low cost MEMS accelerometers are becoming increasingly higher resolution making them useful in strong motion studies. Here we present a building response analysis in the lakebed zone of the Valley of Mexico. The Valley of Mexico represents one of the highest seismic risk locations in the world and incorporates Mexico City and part of Mexico State. More than 20 million people live there and it is the political and economic center of Mexico. In addition the valley has very high site effects with amplifications 100 - 500 times that of sites outside of the basin (Singh et al., 1988; Singh et al., 1995). We instrumented a 21-story building with MEMS accelerometers as part of the Quake Catcher Network or Red Atrapa Sismos as it is called in Mexico. The building known as the Centro Cultural de Tlateloco is located in an important historical and political area as well as a zone with some of the highest amplifications in the Valley of Mexico that had some of the worst destruction after the 1985 M8.1 Michoacan earthquake. During the earthquake most of the buildings that failed were between 7 - 18 stories tall. The peak accelerations near Tlateloco were at periods of 2 seconds. Since the earthquake the building has been retrofitted with N-S crossing supports to help withstand another earthquake. We present the measurements of frequencies and amplifications between floors for the length of the building.

  3. Drying characteristics of paddy in an integrated dryer.

    PubMed

    Manikantan, M R; Barnwal, P; Goyal, R K

    2014-04-01

    Drying characteristics of paddy (long grain variety PR-118 procured from PAU, Ludhiana) in an integrated dryer using single as well as combined heating source was studied at different air temperatures. The integrated dryer comprises three different air heating sources such as solar, biomass and electrical. Drying of paddy occurred in falling rate period. It was observed that duration of drying of paddy from 22 to 13 % moisture content (w.b.) was 5-9 h depending upon the source of energy used. In order to select a suitable drying curve, six thin layer-drying models (Newton, Page, Modified Page, Henderson and Pabis, Logarithmic and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental moisture ratio data. Among the mathematical models investigated, Wang and Singh model best described the drying behaviour of paddy using solar, biomass and combined heating sources with highest coefficient of determination (r (2)) values and least chi-square, χ (2), mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) values. However, Page model adequately described the drying behavior of paddy using electrical heating source.

  4. Determining the Probability Distribution of Hillslope Peak Discharge Using an Analytical Solution of Kinematic Wave Time of Concentration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baiamonte, Giorgio; Singh, Vijay P.

    2016-04-01

    Hillslope hydrology is fundamental for understanding the flood phenomenon and for evaluating the time of concentration. The latter is a key variable for predicting peak discharge at the basin outlet and for designing urban infrastructure facilities. There have been a multitude of studies on the hydrologic response at the hillslope scale, and the time of concentration has been derived for different approaches. One approach for deriving hillslope response utilizes, in a distributed form, the differential equations of unsteady overland flow, specifically developed at the hydrodynamic scale, in order to account for the spatial heterogeneity of soil characteristics, topography, roughness and vegetation cover on the hillslope. Therefore, this approach seemingly mimics the complete hydraulics of flow. However, the very complex patterns generated by spatial heterogeneity can cause considerable error in the prediction even by very sophisticated models. Another approach that directly operates at the hillslope scale is by averaging over the hillslope the soil hydraulics, the topography, and the roughness characteristics. A physically-based lumped model of hillslope response was first proposed by Horton (1938), under the assumption that the flow regime is intermediate between laminar and turbulent regimes (transitional flow regime), by applying the mass conservation equation to the hillslope as a whole and by using the kinematic wave assumption for the friction slope (Singh, 1976, 1996). Robinson et al. (1995) and Robinson and Sivapalan (1996) generalized Horton's approach, suggesting an approximate solution of the overland flow equation that is valid for all flow regimes. Agnese et al. (2001) derived an analytical solution of a nonlinear storage model of hillslope response that is valid for all flow regimes, and the associated time of concentration. Recently, the well-known kinematic wave equation for computing the time of concentration for impervious surfaces has been

  5. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF TANK 5 FLOOR SAMPLE RESULTS

    SciTech Connect

    Shine, E.

    2012-03-14

    Sampling has been completed for the characterization of the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 in the F-Area Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, SC. The sampling was performed by Savannah River Remediation (SRR) LLC using a stratified random sampling plan with volume-proportional compositing. The plan consisted of partitioning the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 into three non-overlapping strata: two strata enclosed accumulations, and a third stratum consisted of a thin layer of material outside the regions of the two accumulations. Each of three composite samples was constructed from five primary sample locations of residual material on the floor of Tank 5. Three of the primary samples were obtained from the stratum containing the thin layer of material, and one primary sample was obtained from each of the two strata containing an accumulation. This report documents the statistical analyses of the analytical results for the composite samples. The objective of the analysis is to determine the mean concentrations and upper 95% confidence (UCL95) bounds for the mean concentrations for a set of analytes in the tank residuals. The statistical procedures employed in the analyses were consistent with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) technical guidance by Singh and others [2010]. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) measured the sample bulk density, nonvolatile beta, gross alpha, radionuclide, inorganic, and anion concentrations three times for each of the composite samples. The analyte concentration data were partitioned into three separate groups for further analysis: analytes with every measurement above their minimum detectable concentrations (MDCs), analytes with no measurements above their MDCs, and analytes with a mixture of some measurement results above and below their MDCs. The means, standard deviations, and UCL95s were computed for the analytes in the two groups that had at least some measurements above their

  6. Statistical Analysis of Tank 5 Floor Sample Results

    SciTech Connect

    Shine, E. P.

    2013-01-31

    Sampling has been completed for the characterization of the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 in the F-Area Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, SC. The sampling was performed by Savannah River Remediation (SRR) LLC using a stratified random sampling plan with volume-proportional compositing. The plan consisted of partitioning the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 into three non-overlapping strata: two strata enclosed accumulations, and a third stratum consisted of a thin layer of material outside the regions of the two accumulations. Each of three composite samples was constructed from five primary sample locations of residual material on the floor of Tank 5. Three of the primary samples were obtained from the stratum containing the thin layer of material, and one primary sample was obtained from each of the two strata containing an accumulation. This report documents the statistical analyses of the analytical results for the composite samples. The objective of the analysis is to determine the mean concentrations and upper 95% confidence (UCL95) bounds for the mean concentrations for a set of analytes in the tank residuals. The statistical procedures employed in the analyses were consistent with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) technical guidance by Singh and others [2010]. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) measured the sample bulk density, nonvolatile beta, gross alpha, and the radionuclide1, elemental, and chemical concentrations three times for each of the composite samples. The analyte concentration data were partitioned into three separate groups for further analysis: analytes with every measurement above their minimum detectable concentrations (MDCs), analytes with no measurements above their MDCs, and analytes with a mixture of some measurement results above and below their MDCs. The means, standard deviations, and UCL95s were computed for the analytes in the two groups that had at least some measurements

  7. Study of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering of Alizarin and Crystal Violet Dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gopal, Ram; Swarnkar, Raj Kumar

    2010-06-01

    Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) plays a vital role in analytical chemistry to characterize ultra trace quantity of organic compounds and biological samples. Two mechanisms have been considered to explain the SERS effect. The main contribution arises from a huge enhancement of the local electromagnetic field close to surface roughness of the metal structures, due to the excitation of a localized surface plasmon, while a further enhancement can be observed for molecules adsorbed onto specific sites when resonant charge transfer occurs. SERS signals have been observed from adsorbates on many metallic surfaces like Ag, Au, Ni, Cu etc. Additionally, metal oxide nanoparticles also show SERS signals It has now been established that SERS of analyte material is highly dependent on the type of substrate involved. Many types of nanostructures like nanofilms, nanorods, nanospheres etc. show highly efficient SERS signals. In particular, there are two routes available for the synthesis of these nanomaterials: the chemical route and the physical route. Chemical route involves many types of reducing agents and capping agents which can interfere in origin and measurement of these signals. The physical route avoids these anomalies and therefore it is suitable for the study of SERS phenomenon. Pulsed laser ablation in liquid medium is an excellent top down technique to produce colloidal solution of nanoparticles with desired shape and size having surface free from chemical contamination, which is essential requirement for surface application of nanoparticles. The present work deals with the study of SERS of Crystal violet dye and Alizarin group dye on Cu@ Cu_2O and Ag colloidal nanoparticles synthesized by pulsed laser ablation. M. Fleishchmann, P. J. Hendra, and A. J. McQuillian Chem. Phys. Lett., 26, 163, 1974. U. Wenning, B. Pettinger, and H. Wetzel Chem. Phys. Lett., 70, 49, 1980. S. C. Singh, R. K. Swarnkar, P. Ankit, M. C. Chattopadhyaya, and R. Gopal AIP Conf. Proc

  8. Statistical Analysis Of Tank 5 Floor Sample Results

    SciTech Connect

    Shine, E. P.

    2012-08-01

    Sampling has been completed for the characterization of the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 in the F-Area Tank Farm at the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, SC. The sampling was performed by Savannah River Remediation (SRR) LLC using a stratified random sampling plan with volume-proportional compositing. The plan consisted of partitioning the residual material on the floor of Tank 5 into three non-overlapping strata: two strata enclosed accumulations, and a third stratum consisted of a thin layer of material outside the regions of the two accumulations. Each of three composite samples was constructed from five primary sample locations of residual material on the floor of Tank 5. Three of the primary samples were obtained from the stratum containing the thin layer of material, and one primary sample was obtained from each of the two strata containing an accumulation. This report documents the statistical analyses of the analytical results for the composite samples. The objective of the analysis is to determine the mean concentrations and upper 95% confidence (UCL95) bounds for the mean concentrations for a set of analytes in the tank residuals. The statistical procedures employed in the analyses were consistent with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) technical guidance by Singh and others [2010]. Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) measured the sample bulk density, nonvolatile beta, gross alpha, and the radionuclide, elemental, and chemical concentrations three times for each of the composite samples. The analyte concentration data were partitioned into three separate groups for further analysis: analytes with every measurement above their minimum detectable concentrations (MDCs), analytes with no measurements above their MDCs, and analytes with a mixture of some measurement results above and below their MDCs. The means, standard deviations, and UCL95s were computed for the analytes in the two groups that had at least some measurements

  9. Early-time plasma expansion characteristics of ionized clouds in the ionosphere

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schunk, R. W.; Szuszczewicz, E. P.

    1988-01-01

    A series of Vlasov-Poisson simulations were conducted with barium and lithium gas mixtures expanding into an O(+) background plasma, with the values for the Ba(+)/Li(+) composition ratios and the cloud/background density ratios based on anticipated release values in the upcoming Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) experiment. The results obtained on the early-time expansion of high-density Ba(+), Li(+), and Ba(+)-Li(+) plasma clouds into low-density O(+) background plasma complement the H(+)-O(+) expansions of Gurevich et al. (1973) and Singh and Schunk (1982, 1983), and the characteristic features observed apply to the very-early-time expansion phase of the CRRES releases.

  10. Management of Pigmented Gingiva in Child Patient: A New Era to the Pediatric Dentistry

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Parul; Jain, Eesha; Khurana, Heena; Badole, Gautam

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Gingival health in the form of size, shape, consistency and appearance are essential components responsible for an attractive smile as well as may cause unpleasant appearance. Melanin pigmentation often occurs in the gingiva as a result of an abnormal deposition of melanin which can compromise the confidence level from the age of childhood. The present article describes and discusses the two cases of gingival melanin pigmentation in 12 and 13 years of female patient and their early surgical intervention with successful follow-up of 9 and 6 months. Patients were instructed to prevent sun exposure, intake of hot foods or beverages like cold drinks, tea, coffee and brushing immediately after surgery. How to cite this article: Bahadure RN, Singh P, Jain E, Khurana H, Badole G. Management of Pigmented Gingiva in Child Patient: A New Era to the Pediatric Dentistry. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):197-200. PMID:25206222

  11. Analysis of melting of pyrope compound at high pressures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, B. P.; Singh, K. S.

    2012-02-01

    The pressure-volume-temperature relationships have been studied for the pyrope mineral. Values of volumes at simultaneously elevated temperatures and pressures have been evaluated using the Rydberg-Vinet equation of state for isothermal compression and the Singh-Suzuki equation for isobaric thermal expansion. It has been found that the results obtained from these two conventional equations can be reproduced very well by a single equation of state which covers both temperature and pressure changes in solids namely the Hartmann equation of state. Values of volumes at melting temperatures corresponding to elevated pressures have been obtained and found to compare well with the experimental values. It is also found that there exists a simple linear relationship between relative change in melting volume and melting temperature in case of pyrope at different pressures. This is supported by the earlier findings of Anderson in case of forsterite mineral.

  12. Effect of low dose gamma irradiation on plant and grain nutrition of wheat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Bhupinder; Datta, Partha Sarathi

    2010-08-01

    We recently reported the use of low dose gamma irradiation to improve plant vigor, grain development and yield attributes of wheat ( Singh and Datta, 2010). Further, we report here the results of a field experiment conducted to assess the effect of gamma irradiation at 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07 and 0.1 kGy on flag leaf area, stomatal conductance, transpiration and photosynthetic rate and plant and grain nutritional quality. Gamma irradiation improved plant nutrition but did not improve the nutritional quality of grains particularly relating to micronutrients. Grain carotene, a precursor for vitamin A, was higher in irradiated grains. Low grain micronutrients seem to be caused by a limitation in the source to sink nutrient translocation rather than in the nutrient uptake capacity of the plant root.

  13. The termites of Early Eocene Cambay amber, with the earliest record of the Termitidae (Isoptera).

    PubMed

    Engel, Michael S; Grimaldi, David A; Nascimbene, Paul C; Singh, Hukam

    2011-01-01

    The fauna of termites (Isoptera) preserved in Early Eocene amber from the Cambay Basin (Gujarat, India) are described and figured. Three new genera and four new species are recognized, all of them Neoisoptera - Parastylotermes krishnai Engel & Grimaldi, sp. n. (Stylotermitidae); Prostylotermes kamboja Engel & Grimaldi, gen. et sp. n. (Stylotermitidae?); Zophotermes Engel, gen. n., with Zophotermes ashoki Engel & Singh, sp. n. (Rhinotermitidae: Prorhinotermitinae); and Nanotermes isaacae Engel & Grimaldi, gen. et sp. n. (Termitidae: Termitinae?). Together these species represent the earliest Tertiary records of the Neoisoptera and the oldest definitive record of Termitidae, a family that comprises >75% of the living species of Isoptera. Interestingly, the affinities of the Cambay amber termites are with largely Laurasian lineages, in this regard paralleling relationships seen between the fauna of bees and some flies. Diversity of Neoisoptera in Indian amber may reflect origin of the amber deposit in Dipterocarpaceae forests formed at or near the paleoequator.

  14. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 4. The Neutrino

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". It's the most populous particle in the universe. Millions of these subatomic particles are passing through each one of us. With no charge and virtually no mass they can penetrate vast thicknesses of matter without any interaction - indeed the sun emits huge numbers that pass through earth at the speed of light. Neutrinos are similar to the more familiar electron, with one crucial difference: neutrinos do not carry electric charge. As a result they're extremely difficult to detect . But like HG Wells' invisible man they can give themselves away by bumping into things at high energy and detectors hidden in mines are exploiting this to observe these rare interactions.

  15. Description and evaluation of the QUIC bio-slurry scheme: droplet evaporation and surface deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Zajic, Dragan; Brown, Michael J; Nelson, Matthew A; Williams, Michael D

    2010-01-01

    The Quick Urban and Industrial Complex (QUIC) dispersion modeling system was developed with the goal of improving the transport and dispersion modeling capabilities within urban areas. The modeling system has the ability to rapidly obtain a detailed 3D flow field around building clusters and uses an urbanized Lagrangian random-walk approach to account for transport and dispersion (e.g., see Singh et al., 2008; Williams et al., 2009; and Gowardhan et al., 2009). In addition to wind-tunnel testing, the dispersion modeling system has been evaluated against full-scale urban tracer experiments performed in Salt Lake City, Oklahoma City, and New York City (Gowardhan et al., 2006; Gowardhan et al., 2009; Allwine et al., 2008) and the wind model output to measurements taken in downtown Oklahoma City.

  16. A stochastic model of waiting time for first conception.

    PubMed

    Pathak, K B; Pandey, R N

    1982-04-01

    This paper derives a probability model of the waiting time from marriage to 1st conception by using a mathematical function to show the variation of fecundability over a woman's reproductive span. The model is based on the assumptions that conception is a chance event, a woman begins her reproductive cycle after marrige in a fecundable and nonpregnant state, the age at marriage is a random variable with unknown distribution function, and all women are homogeneous with respect to fecundability. To test the validity of the model, it was fitted to the data of Singh. The proposed model described the observed data satisfactorily on the basis of age at marriage. Weaknesses in the fit of the data in some cells may reflect recall and adjustment errors. The advantage of this model over those that assume that the coition rate of couples is the same until conception is that it takes into account the effect of social customs regulating sexual activity after marriage.

  17. A novel dehydration technique for carrot slices implementing ultrasound and vacuum drying methods.

    PubMed

    Chen, Zhi-Gang; Guo, Xiao-Yu; Wu, Tao

    2016-05-01

    A novel drying technique using a combination of ultrasound and vacuum dehydration was developed to shorten the drying time and improve the quality of carrot slices. Carrot slices were dried with ultrasonic vacuum (USV) drying and vacuum drying at 65 °C and 75 °C. The drying rate was significantly influenced by the drying techniques and temperatures. Compared with vacuum drying, USV drying resulted in a 41-53% decrease in the drying time. The drying time for the USV and vacuum drying techniques at 75 °C was determined to be 140 and 340 min for carrot slices, respectively. The rehydration potential, nutritional value (retention of β-carotene and ascorbic acid), color, and textural properties of USV-dried carrot slices are predominately better compared to vacuum-dried carrot slices. Moreover, lower energy consumption was used in the USV technique. The drying data (time versus moisture ratio) were successfully fitted to Wang and Singh model.

  18. Nanotechnology in dentistry: Present and future

    PubMed Central

    Bhardwaj, Archana; Bhardwaj, Abhishek; Misuriya, Abhinav; Maroli, Sohani; Manjula, S; Singh, Arvind Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on the molecular and atomic levels. It has the potential to bring enormous changes into the fields of medicine and dentistry. A day may soon come when nanodentistry will succeed in maintaining near-perfect oral health through the aid of nanorobotics, nanomaterials and biotechnology. However, as with all developments, it may also pose a risk for misuse. Time, economical and technical resources, and human needs will determine the direction this revolutionizing development may take. This article reviews the current status and the potential clinical applications of nanotechnology, nanaomedicine and nanodentistry. How to cite the article: Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj A, Misuriya A, Maroli S, Manjula S, Singh AK. Nanotechnology in dentistry: Present and future. J Int Oral Health 2013;6(1):121-6. PMID:24653616

  19. Vibration transmission through rolling element bearings. III - Geared rotor system studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lim, T. C.; Singh, R.

    1991-01-01

    The bearing matrix formulations proposed by Lim and Singh (1990) are extended to analyze the overall dynamics of a geared rotor system which includes a spur gear pair, shafts, rolling-element bearings, a motor, a load, a casing, and flexible or rigid mounts. For this purpose, discrete vibration models are developed and used to predict vibration transmission through the bearings and to investigate the effects of the bearing, casing, and mount dynamics on the dynamic characteristics of the internal rotating system. Analytical predictions show that the theory is capable of predicting the bearing and mount moment transmissibilities in addition to the force transmissibilities. The predicted flexural vibrations of the casing plate are in good agreement with measurements conducted on an experimental set-up that consisted of a high-precision beam and pinion, and four identical rolling element bearings contained in a flexible casing mounted rigidly on a massive foundation.

  20. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 1. The Electron

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-07

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 1. The Electron Just over a century ago, British physicist J.J. Thompson experimenting with electric currents and charged particles inside empty glass tubes, showed that atoms are divisible into indivisible elementary particles. But how could atoms be built up of these so called "corpuscles"? An exciting 30 year race ensued, to grasp the planetary model of the atom with its orbiting electrons, and the view inside the atom was born. Whilst the number of electrons around the nucleus of an atom determines their the chemistry of all elements, the power of electrons themselves have been harnessed for everyday use: electron beams for welding,cathode ray tubes and radiation therapy.

  1. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 192

    SciTech Connect

    Baglin, Coral M.

    2012-08-15

    Experimental structure and decay data for all nuclei with mass A=192 (Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, Hg, Tl, Pb, Bi, Po, At) have been evaluated. This evaluation, covering data received by 15 June 2012, supersedes the 1998 evaluation by C. M. Baglin (Nuclear Data Sheets84, 717 (1998), literature cutoff August 1998) and the subsequent inclusion in the ENSDF database of the new nuclide {sup 192}At (C. M. Baglin, literature cutoff 16 May 2006). It also incorporates the current evaluation of superdeformed-band information by B. Singh. Since the last publication, {sup 192}Ta, {sup 192}W and {sup 192}At have been observed, and an isomeric state has been identified in {sup 192}Re. The {epsilon} decay of {sup 192}Au has been studied using a multidetector array resulting in an extensively revised level scheme for {sup 192}Pt.

  2. Management of pigmented gingiva in child patient: a new era to the pediatric dentistry.

    PubMed

    Namdeoraoji Bahadure, Rakesh; Singh, Parul; Jain, Eesha; Khurana, Heena; Badole, Gautam

    2013-09-01

    Gingival health in the form of size, shape, consistency and appearance are essential components responsible for an attractive smile as well as may cause unpleasant appearance. Melanin pigmentation often occurs in the gingiva as a result of an abnormal deposition of melanin which can compromise the confidence level from the age of childhood. The present article describes and discusses the two cases of gingival melanin pigmentation in 12 and 13 years of female patient and their early surgical intervention with successful follow-up of 9 and 6 months. Patients were instructed to prevent sun exposure, intake of hot foods or beverages like cold drinks, tea, coffee and brushing immediately after surgery. How to cite this article: Bahadure RN, Singh P, Jain E, Khurana H, Badole G. Management of Pigmented Gingiva in Child Patient: A New Era to the Pediatric Dentistry. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2013;6(3):197-200.

  3. Acknowledgements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Singh, Tejinder

    2014-03-01

    tifrLogo Vishwa Mimansa An interpretative exposition of the Universe Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology (ICGC) 14th-19th December, 2011 GOA, India (The conference component of the ICTS Programme: Frontiers of Cosmology and Gravitation 1st-23rd December, 2011) The Silver Jubilee Meeting of the ICGC series organized jointly by International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, TIFR & Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG) Publication sponsor: Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and the Allied Trusts Editors: B S Sathyaprakash and Tejinder P Singh Assistant Editor: V Chellathurai Conference Co-sponsors: Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune Association of Friends of Astronomy, Goa Centre for AstroParticle Physics, SINP, Kolkata Department of Science, Technology and Environment, Goa Foundational Questions Institute, USA Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad Infosys Science Foundation, Bangalore Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai iagrgicts

  4. Loop quantum cosmology of Bianchi IX: Inclusion of inverse triad corrections

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corichi, Alejandro; Karami, Asieh

    2016-06-01

    We consider the loop quantization of the (diagonal) Bianchi type IX cosmological model. We explore different quantization prescriptions that extend the work of Wilson-Ewing and Singh. In particular, we study two different ways of implementing the so-called inverse triad corrections. We construct the corresponding Hamiltonian constraint operators and show that the singularity is formally resolved. We find the effective equations associated with the different quantization prescriptions, and study the relation with the isotropic k = 1 model that, classically, is contained within the Bianchi IX model. Somewhat surprisingly, we find the most natural quantization does not reduce to the k = 1 model. We use geometrically defined scalar observables to explore the physical implications of each of these theories. This is the first part in a series of papers analyzing different aspects of the Bianchi IX model, with inverse corrections, within loop quantum cosmology (LQC).

  5. Vertex amplitudes in spin foam loop quantum cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Craig, David

    2016-03-01

    We discuss properties of the vertex expansion for homogeneous, isotropic loop quantum cosmological models sourced by a massless, minimally coupled scalar field, which in this model plays the role of an internal matter ``clock''. We show that the vertex expansion, first written down by Ashtekar, Campiglia and Henderson, must be thought of as a short-time expansion in the sense that the amplitude for volume transitions is constrained both by the order of the expansion and by the elapsed scalar field. To calculate the amplitude for significant volume changes or between large differences in the value of the scalar field requires the expansion be evaluated to very high order. This contribution describes work in collaboration with P. Singh.

  6. Metallacarboranes: Towards promising hydrogen storage metal organic framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Abhishek; Sadrzadeh, Arta; Yakobson, Boris

    2011-03-01

    Using first principles calculations we show the high hydrogen storage capacity of metallacarboranes, where the transition metal (TM) atoms bind hydrogen via Kubas interaction. The average binding energy of ~ 0.3 eV/H favorably lies within the reversible adsorption range The Sc and Ti are found to be the optimum metal atoms maximizing the number of stored H2 molecules. Depending upon the structure, metallacarboranes can adsorb up to 8 wt% of hydrogen, which exceeds DOE goal for 2015. Being integral part of the cage, TMs do not suffer from the aggregation problem. Furthermore, the presence of carbon atom in the cages permits linking the metallacarboranes to form metal organic frameworks (MOF), thus able to adsorb hydrogen via Kubas interaction, in addition to van der Waals physisorption. A. K. Singh, A. Sadrzadeh, and B. I. Yakobson, Metallacarboranes: Toward Promising Hydrogen Storage Metal Organic Frameworks, JACS 132,14126 (2010).

  7. Sirt1 Protects Stressed Adult Hematopoietic Stem Cells | Center for Cancer Research

    Cancer.gov

    The immune system relies on a stable pool of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) to respond properly to injury or stress. Maintaining genomic integrity and appropriate gene expression is essential for HSPC homeostasis, and dysregulation can result in myeloproliferative disorders or loss of immune function. Sirt1 is a histone deacetylase that can protect embryonic stem (ES) cells from accumulating DNA damage and has been linked to hematopoietic differentiation of ES cells. Satyendra Singh, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow working with Philipp Oberdoerffer, Ph.D., in CCR’s Laboratory of Receptor Biology and Gene Expression, and their colleagues set out to determine whether Sirt1 could play a similar protective role in adult HSPCs.

  8. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 1. The Electron

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 1. The Electron Just over a century ago, British physicist J.J. Thompson experimenting with electric currents and charged particles inside empty glass tubes, showed that atoms are divisible into indivisible elementary particles. But how could atoms be built up of these so called "corpuscles"? An exciting 30 year race ensued, to grasp the planetary model of the atom with its orbiting electrons, and the view inside the atom was born. Whilst the number of electrons around the nucleus of an atom determines their the chemistry of all elements, the power of electrons themselves have been harnessed for everyday use: electron beams for welding,cathode ray tubes and radiation therapy.

  9. No-signaling, perfect bipartite dichotomic correlations and local randomness

    SciTech Connect

    Seevinck, M. P.

    2011-03-28

    The no-signaling constraint on bi-partite correlations is reviewed. It is shown that in order to obtain non-trivial Bell-type inequalities that discern no-signaling correlations from more general ones, one must go beyond considering expectation values of products of observables only. A new set of nontrivial no-signaling inequalities is derived which have a remarkably close resemblance to the CHSH inequality, yet are fundamentally different. A set of inequalities by Roy and Singh and Avis et al., which is claimed to be useful for discerning no-signaling correlations, is shown to be trivially satisfied by any correlation whatsoever. Finally, using the set of newly derived no-signaling inequalities a result with potential cryptographic consequences is proven: if different parties use identical devices, then, once they have perfect correlations at spacelike separation between dichotomic observables, they know that because of no-signaling the local marginals cannot but be completely random.

  10. Career involvement and family involvement as moderators of relationships between work-family conflict and withdrawal from a profession.

    PubMed

    Greenhaus, J H; Parasuraman, S; Collins, K M

    2001-04-01

    This study extended prior analyses by J. H. Greenhaus, K. M. Collins, R. Singh, and S. Parasuraman (1997) by examining relationships between 2 directions of work-family conflict (work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict) and withdrawal from public accounting. The sample consisted of 199 members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (135 men and 64 women) who were married or in a long-term relationship and who had 1 or more children. It was found that work-to-family conflict (but not family-to-work conflict) was positively related to withdrawal intentions. In addition, relationships of work-to-family conflict with withdrawal intentions and withdrawal behavior were stronger for individuals who were relatively uninvolved in their careers than for those who were highly involved in their careers. The implications of the findings for future research are discussed.

  11. Mitochondria in health and disease - 3rd annual conference of society for mitochondrial research and medicine - 19-20 December 2013 - Bengaluru, India.

    PubMed

    Durhuus, Jon Ambæk; Desler, Claus; Rasmussen, Lene Juel

    2015-01-01

    The primary role of mitochondria was long considered to be production of cellular energy. However, as the understanding of mitochondria in disease is ever expanding, so is their additional function for a healthy organism. Mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to a range of pathologies, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, premature aging, diabetes and muscular diseases. Mitochondrial diseases can be hard to diagnose and treat and, therefore, interdisciplinary research and communication are important. The Third Annual Conference of Society for Mitochondrial Research and Medicine - India (SMRM) was titled "Mitochondria in Health and Disease". The conference was organized by Gayathri N, K Thangaraj, and KK Singh and was held at the National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) in Bangalore, India, from the 19th to 20th of December 2013. The meeting featured internationally renowned speakers within the field of mitochondrial research and medicine with the goal of bridging the gap between basic and clinical researchers. This review summarizes key outcomes of the conference.

  12. Determination of the stoichiometry, structure, and distribution in living cells of protein complexes from analysis of single-molecular-complexes FRET

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoneman, Michael R.; Patowary, S.; Roesch, M. T.; Singh, D. R.; Strogolov, V.; Oliver, J. A.; Raicu, V.

    2011-03-01

    Advances in two-photon microscopy with spectral resolution (TPM-SR) and the development of a simple theory of Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) for single molecular complexes recently lead to the development of a novel method for the determination of structure and localization in living cells of membrane protein complexes (Raicu et al., Nature Photon., 3, 2009). An appealing feature of this method is its ability to provide such important information while being unaffected by spurious signals originating from stochastic FRET (Singh and Raicu, Biophys. J., 98, 2010). We will present the results obtained from our recent studies of trimeric FRET calibration standards expressed in the cytoplasm of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, as well as a model G protein-coupled receptor expressed in the membrane of yeast. Emphasis will be placed on the measurement and analysis of single-molecular-complex FRET data for determination of the quaternary structure of some proteins (or the protein complex structure).

  13. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  14. Map showing depth to bedrock of the Tacoma and part of the Centralia 30' x 60' quadrangles, Washington

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Buchanan-Banks, Jane M.; Collins, Donley S.

    1994-01-01

    The heavily populated Puget Sound region in the State of Washington has experienced moderate to large earthquakes in the recent past (Nuttli, 1952; Mullineaux and others, 1967). Maps showing thickness of unconsolidated sedimentary deposits are useful aids in delineating areas where damage to engineered structures can result from increased shaking resulting from these earthquakes. Basins containing thick deposits of unconsolidated materials can amplify earthquakes waves and cause far more damage to structures than the same waves passing through bedrock (Singh and others, 1988; Algermissen and others, 1985). Configurations of deep sedimentary basins can also cause reflection and magnification of earthquake waves in ways still not fully understood and presently under investigation (Frankel and Vidale, 1992).

  15. Preface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliasson, B.; Stenflo, L.; Bingham, R.; Mendonça, J. T.; Mendonça

    2013-12-01

    This special issue is devoted to the memory of Professor Padma Kant Shukla, who passed away 26 January 2013 on his travel to New Delhi, India to receive the prestigious Hind Rattan (Jewel of India) award. Padma was born in Tulapur, Uttar Pradesh, India, 7 July 1950, where he grew up and got his education. He received a PhD degree in Physics at the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, in 1972, under the supervision of late Prof. R. N. Singh, and a second PhD degree in Theoretical Plasma Physics from Umeå University in Sweden in 1975, under the supervision of Prof. Lennart Stenflo. He worked at the Faculty of Physics & Astronomy, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany since January 1973, where he was a permanent faculty member and Professor of International Affairs, a position that was created for him to honour his international accomplishments and reputation.

  16. Rate coefficient of CN formation through radiative association: a theoretical study of quantum effects.

    PubMed

    Antipov, Sergey V; Sjölander, Tobias; Nyman, Gunnar; Gustafsson, Magnus

    2009-08-21

    Radiative association of CN is simulated using a quantum dynamical as well as a semiclassical approach. A comparison of the resulting energy-resolved cross sections reveals striking quantum effects that are due to shape resonances. These, in turn, arise because of states that are quasibound by the centrifugal barrier. The quantal rate coefficient for temperatures from 40 to 1900 K has been computed using the Breit-Wigner theory to account for the resonances. Comparison with the results obtained by Singh and Andreazza [Astrophys. J. 537, 261 (2000)] shows that the semiclassical method, which completely omits the shape resonances, is accurate to within 25% above room temperature. At lower temperatures the contribution from the shape resonances to the radiative association rate is more significant.

  17. Effect of microwave power on kinetics and characteristics of microwave vacuum-dried longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) pulp.

    PubMed

    Su, Dongxiao; Zhang, Mingwei; Wei, Zhencheng; Tang, Xiaojun; Zhang, Ruifen; Liu, Lei; Deng, Yuanyuan

    2015-03-01

    The drying kinetics of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) pulp processed by microwave vacuum under different microwave levels (2.67, 5.33, 8.00, and 10.67 W/g) was investigated (pressure controlled at -85 ± 2 kPa) in the present study. It was found that the drying rate of longan pulp was dependent on the microwave power, and the rehydration rate increased from 1.96 to 2.17 with the increase of microwave power from 2.67 to 10.67 W/g. Among nine selected thin layer models, the microwave vacuum drying of longan pulp was well represented by five models, which were Page, Modified Henderson and Pabis, Wang and Singh, Logarithmic, and Midilli models. Furthermore, the results of statistical analysis indicated that the Midilli model could describe the best experimental data. In addition, scanning electron microscope observation showed that the microwave vacuum-dried longan pulp had a porous structure.

  18. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-07

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  19. Analytical Modeling for Mechanical Strength Prediction with Raman Spectroscopy and Fractured Surface Morphology of Novel Coconut Shell Powder Reinforced: Epoxy Composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Savita; Singh, Alok; Sharma, Sudhir Kumar

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, an analytical modeling and prediction of tensile and flexural strength of three dimensional micro-scaled novel coconut shell powder (CSP) reinforced epoxy polymer composites have been reported. The novel CSP has a specific mixing ratio of different coconut shell particle size. A comparison is made between obtained experimental strength and modified Guth model. The result shows a strong evidence for non-validation of modified Guth model for strength prediction. Consequently, a constitutive modeled equation named Singh model has been developed to predict the tensile and flexural strength of this novel CSP reinforced epoxy composite. Moreover, high resolution Raman spectrum shows that 40 % CSP reinforced epoxy composite has high dielectric constant to become an alternative material for capacitance whereas fractured surface morphology revealed that a strong bonding between novel CSP and epoxy polymer for the application as light weight composite materials in engineering.

  20. Usefulness of the Modified NRCS-CN Method for the Assessment of Direct Runoff in a Mountain Catchment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wałęga, Andrzej; Rutkowska, Agnieszka

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of modified methods, developed on the basis of NRCS-CN method, in determining the size of an effective rainfall (direct runoff). The analyses were performed for the mountain catchment of the Kamienica river, right-hand tributary of the Dunajec. The amount of direct runoff was calculated using the following methods: (1) Original NRCS-CN model, (2) Mishra—Singh model (MS model), (3) Sahu Mishra Eldho model (SME model), (4) Sahu 1-p model, (5) Sahu 3-p model, and (6) Q_base model. The study results indicated that the amount of direct runoff, determined on the basis of the original NRCS-CN method, may differ significantly from the actually observed values. The best results were achieved when the direct runoff was determined using the SME and Sahu 3-p model.

  1. Inertia in Friedmann Universes with variable and

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sultana, J.; Kazanas, D.

    2015-09-01

    In light of the recent interest in dynamical dark energy models based on a cosmology with varying gravitational and cosmological parameters and , we present here a model of inertia in a type of Friedmann universe with ; being the dimensionless scale factor, that was recently studied by Singh et al. (Astrophys. Space Sci. 345:213, 2013). The proposed Machian model of inertia utilizes the curved space generalization of Sciama's law of inertial induction, which is based on the analogy between the retarded far fields of electrodynamics and those of gravitation, and expresses the total inertial force on an accelerating mass in terms of contributions from all matter in the observable Universe. We show that for a varying Friedmann model with , inertial induction alone can account for the total inertial force on the accelerating mass. We then compare this cosmological model with current observational constraints for the variation of.

  2. Energy levels, radiative rates and lifetimes for transitions in Br-like ions with 38 ⩽ Z ⩽ 42

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aggarwal, Kanti M.; Keenan, Francis P.

    2014-12-01

    Energy levels and radiative rates for transitions in five Br-like ions (Sr IV, Y V, Zr VI, Nb VII and Mo VIII) are calculated with the general-purpose relativistic atomic structure package (grasp). Extensive configuration interaction has been included and results are presented among the lowest 31 levels of the 4s24p5, 4s24p44d and 4s4p6 configurations. Lifetimes for these levels have also been determined, although unfortunately no measurements are available with which to compare. However, recently theoretical results have been reported by Singh et al (2013 Phys. Scr. 88 035301) using the same grasp code. But their reported data for radiative rates and lifetimes cannot be reproduced and show discrepancies of up to five orders of magnitude with the present calculations.

  3. On the amplitude of dust-density waves in inhomogeneous dusty plasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tadsen, Benjamin; Greiner, Franko; Piel, Alexander

    2017-03-01

    Density waves in a cloud of submicron dust particles confined in an rf plasma are examined with respect to their amplitude. The plasma shows a strong inhomogeneity in its densities and the dust particle charge. An ion density gradient appears due to ambipolar diffusion and leads to a dust charge gradient provided by charge depletion. Using dust-density wave frequency and wave number as a diagnostic for the plasma parameters, it is found that the wave amplitude increases or decreases as the wave travels into regions with decreasing or increasing particle charge. The experimental amplitude profile is similar to the theoretical curve predicted by a formula from Singh and Rao [Phys. Plasmas 6, 3157-3162 (1999)].

  4. Tuning quantum properties in bilayer ruthenates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ke, Xianglin

    The mutual coupling among spin, charge, lattice and orbital degrees of freedom in transition-metal oxide materials often leads to the competition of various types of energetic states. This makes such materials dramatically susceptible to external parameters, giving rise to novel physical properties and rich phase diagrams. In this talk, I shall use a bilayer ruthenate, Ca3Ru2O7, as an example to discuss the emergent phenomena achieved by systematically tuning materials magnetic and electronic properties via chemical doping, magnetic field, and pressure. I shall show that this system provides a rare opportunity to investigate the interplay between correlated metal and Mott insulator. This work was done in collaboration with M. Zhu, T. Tao, S. D. Mahanti, Z. Q. Mao, J. Peng, T. Hong, W. Tian, H. Cao, C. R. dela Cruz, D. Singh, and K. Prokes.

  5. Super Quantum Discord for X-type States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Tao; Ma, Teng; Wang, Yaokun; Fei, Shaoming; Wang, Zhixi

    2015-02-01

    Weak measurement is a new way to manipulate and control quantum systems. Different from projection measurement, weak measurement only makes a small change in status. Applying weak measurement to quantum discord, Singh and Pati proposed a new kind of quantum correlations called "super quantum discord (SQD)" [Ann. Phys. 343,141(2014)].Unfortunately, the super quantum discord is also difficult to calculate. There are only few explicit formulae about SQD. We derive an analytical formula of SQD for general X-type two-qubit states, which surpass the conclusion for Werner states and Bell diagonal states. Furthermore, our results reveal more knowledge about the new insight of quantum correlation and give a new way to compare SQD with normal quantum discord. Finally, we analyze its dynamics under nondissipative channels.

  6. A novel endohedral silicon nanotube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chuan-Hui; Shen, Jiang

    2009-08-01

    Using first principles calculations, we find that novel M@SWSiNTs are stabilized due to their endohedral transition metal atoms, and that their structures are more flexible than SiNTs with hexagonal prism structures [A.K. Singh, V. Kumar, Y. Kawazoe, J. Mat. Chem. 14 (2004) 555]. Because of the strong hybridization between metal and Si orbitals the charge flows freely, as in a crystal, making all M@SWSiNTs studied metallic. Many energy levels are occupied by electrons in hybridized orbitals, resulting in a quasi-continuum energy band. All M@SWSiNTs are good electron acceptors, and most of them are good electron donors. M@SWSiNTs open the possibility of developing novel silicon nanomaterials that could be of interest for industrial applications.

  7. How to Obtain Accurate Equations-of-State by Eliminating the Effects of Deviatoric Stresses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chesnut, Gary; Schiferl, David

    2003-03-01

    In the field of static high-pressure research, it is common to find disagreements in the data between individual experiments. For example, there are many disagreements about crystal structures and volume discontinuities at phase transitions. Of course, there are many causes that give rise to these problems. The intrinsic properties of some materials can be the source of the confusion. However, there is another source, which affects every static high-pressure experiment - deviatoric stress. This problem has been well defined in the last decade. In particular, A. K. Singh et al has derived the equations of the deviatoric stresses for all the crystallographic structures. However, it only takes a moment to realize the difficulty in solving these equations for all but the simplest structures. Fortunately, there is a way around the problem of deviatoric stress - Magic Angle X-ray Diffraction.

  8. Triclinic modification of N-[(1,1-di-methyl-ethoxy)carbon-yl]-3-[(R)-prop-2-en-1-ylsulfin-yl]-(R)-alanine ethyl ester at 120 (1) K.

    PubMed

    Singh, Suneel P; Verdu, Marcus J; Lough, Alan J; Schwan, Adrian L

    2009-05-23

    There are two independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(13)H(23)NO(5)S. In the crystal structure, inter-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link mol-ecules into two independent one-dimensional chains along [100]. The crystal studied was found to be a non-merohedral twin with a ratio of 0.615 (6):0.385 (1) for the refined components. At 200 (1) K [Singh et al. (2009 ▶). Acta Cryst. E65, o1385-o1386] the crystal structure of the title compound contains one disordered mol-ecule in the asymmetric unit of a monoclinic unit cell.

  9. Optical spectroscopy of the Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnets CuCrO2 and α-CaCr2O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Michael; Wang, Zhe; Mayr, F.; Toth, S.; Lake, B.; Islam, A. T. M. N.; Tsurkan, V.; Loidl, A.; Deisenhofer, J.

    2012-02-01

    We will compare and discuss our results obtained by optical spectroscopy on CuCrO2 and α-CaCr2O4. While CuCrO2 is famous for its multiferroicity [1], in α-CaCr2O4 a polarization can only be observed under the application of electric or magnetic field, despite having a closely related structure [2]. At near infrared and visible light frequencies we observe Cr^3+ crystal field absorptions and below TN excitons and exciton-magnon-transitions appear. The width of these exciton-magnon transitions is analyzed with respect to the existence of Z2 vortices as proposed by Kojima et al. [3]. [4pt] [1] S. Seki et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 067240 (2008)[0pt] [2] K. Singh et al., Phys. Rev. B 84, 064129 (2011)[0pt] [3] N. Kojima et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 62, 4137 (1993)

  10. Neutron diffraction study of the BiFeO3 spin cycloid at low temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herrero-Albillos, Julia; Catalan, Gustau; Rodriguez-Velamazan, José Alberto; Viret, Michel; Colson, Dorothée; Scott, James F.

    2010-06-01

    The reported observation of two anomalies in the intensity of the magnon Raman peaks of BiFeO3 at 140 and 200 K (Singh et al 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Mater 20 252203; Cazayous et al 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 037601) led to the hypothesis that such anomalies might originate from a spin reorientation transition. In order to test this hypothesis, we have used temperature-dependent neutron diffraction to track the evolution of the magnetic configuration in single crystals of BiFeO3. Our results indicate that there is no average reorientation of the spins. This suggests that the magnon anomalies may instead be related to the freezing of modes that do not alter the average projection of the spins over the plane of the cycloid, as also reported for multiferroic TbMnO3 (Senff et al 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Mater 18 2069).

  11. Chemi- and physisorption of hydrogen on graphitic substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yakobson, Boris; Singh, Abhishek; Lu, Jianxin; Ribas, Morgana

    2010-03-01

    We evaluate the possibilities of hydrogen storage on graphitic substrates by chemical and physical sorption using multiscale modeling. Detailed thermodynamic analysis based on ab initio calculations of chemisorptions via catalytic spillover shows that the catalyst saturation and improved C-H binding energies are the key to enhanced storage [1]. The estimation of amount of physisorbed hydrogen under the ambient condition in 3D-foams using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations demands judicious choice of interaction potential and incorporation of quantum corrections due to large thermal de Brogile wavelength. We will show that the storage capacities (chemi- or physisorption) in graphitic materials can meet the DOE 2015 targets. [4pt] [1] A. K. Singh, M. A. Ribas, and Boris I. Yakobson, ACS Nano, 3, 1657 (2009).

  12. Critical slowing down of spin fluctuations in BiFeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, J. F.; Singh, M. K.; Katiyar, R. S.

    2008-10-01

    In earlier work we reported the discovery of phase transitions in BiFeO3 evidenced by divergences in the magnon light-scattering cross-sections at 140 and 201 K (Singh et al 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20 252203) and fitted these intensity data to critical exponents α = 0.06 and α' = 0.10 (Scott et al 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20 322203), under the assumption that the transitions are strongly magnetoelastic (Redfern et al 2008 at press) and couple to strain divergences through the Pippard relationship (Pippard 1956 Phil. Mag. 1 473). In the present paper we extend those criticality studies to examine the magnon linewidths, which exhibit critical slowing down (and hence linewidth narrowing) of spin fluctuations. The linewidth data near the two transitions are qualitatively different and we cannot reliably extract a critical exponent ν, although the mean field value ν = 1/2 gives a good fit near the lower transition.

  13. The dimensionality of defense-mechanism parcels in the Defense Style Questionnaire-40.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, Wayne W; Ritchie, Timothy D

    2015-03-01

    The Defense Style Questionnaire-40 (DSQ-40; Andrews, Singh, & Bond, 1993) uses pairs of items to measure 20 individual defense mechanisms. In a statistical sense, these item pairs represent parcels and are subject to the standards of unidimensionality demanded of parcels in general. Using a 2-facet modeling approach (N = 672), the present study examined the dimensionality of the defense-mechanism parcels in the DSQ-40 and found that the majority of the parcels did not satisfy the criteria for unidimensionality. In addition, the original 3-factor model of defense styles was not tenable with the present data. Overall, the results suggest caution when attempting to assess individual defense mechanisms using the DSQ-40. 2015 APA, all rights reserved

  14. Perceptual representation, veridicality, and the interface theory of perception.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Jonathan

    2015-12-01

    Hoffman, Singh, and Prakash (henceforth, HSP) argue that perception was not selected for veridical representation, hence that, contrary to a very widespread consensus, there's much less of the latter than you might expect in perception. And they put forward an alternative "interface" theory, on which perception is an adaptively useful but truth-obscuring veil between perceiver and perceived. But HSP's case against veridical perception, and their case for an alternative account, turn crucially on significant misapprehensions in the early going about what veridicality amounts to. In this paper I'll identify this mistake, and then argue that it both undercuts HSP's arguments against perceptual veridicality and prevents them from seeing that their own preferred conception of perception is itself committed to veridical representation, rather than an alternative to it. In the end, I'll conclude, HSP give us no reasons to abandon the standard view that perception veridically represents the world.

  15. Comparative Evaluation of Electronic Apex Locators and Radiovisiography for Working Length Determination in Primary Teeth in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Neerja; Rathore, Monika S; Tandon, Shobha; Rajkumar, Balakrishnan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two different varieties of electronic apex locators and radiovisiography (RVG) for working length determination in primary teeth. Materials and methods: A total of 30 primary teeth indicated for pulpectomy in children aged 3 to 8 years were randomly selected and subjected to working length determination using two varieties of electronic apex locators and RVG separately. The data were then subjected to statistical analysis. Results: A very strong correlation between electronic measurement methods and RVG length was observed. Conclusion: Radiovisiography and apex locators are equally effective in determining working length in primary teeth. How to cite this article: Abdullah A, Singh N, Rathore MS, Tandon S, Rajkumar B. Comparative Evaluation of Electronic Apex Locators and Radiovisiography for Working Length Determination in Primary Teeth in vivo. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(2):118-123. PMID:27365931

  16. The termites of Early Eocene Cambay amber, with the earliest record of the Termitidae (Isoptera)

    PubMed Central

    Engel, Michael S.; Grimaldi, David A.; Nascimbene, Paul C.; Singh, Hukam

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The fauna of termites (Isoptera) preserved in Early Eocene amber from the Cambay Basin (Gujarat, India) are described and figured. Three new genera and four new species are recognized, all of them Neoisoptera – Parastylotermes krishnai Engel & Grimaldi, sp. n. (Stylotermitidae); Prostylotermes kamboja Engel & Grimaldi, gen. et sp. n. (Stylotermitidae?); Zophotermes Engel, gen. n., with Zophotermes ashoki Engel & Singh, sp. n. (Rhinotermitidae: Prorhinotermitinae); and Nanotermes isaacae Engel & Grimaldi, gen. et sp. n. (Termitidae: Termitinae?). Together these species represent the earliest Tertiary records of the Neoisoptera and the oldest definitive record of Termitidae, a family that comprises >75% of the living species of Isoptera. Interestingly, the affinities of the Cambay amber termites are with largely Laurasian lineages, in this regard paralleling relationships seen between the fauna of bees and some flies. Diversity of Neoisoptera in Indian amber may reflect origin of the amber deposit in Dipterocarpaceae forests formed at or near the paleoequator. PMID:22287892

  17. Role of tautomerism in RNA biochemistry.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vipender; Fedeles, Bogdan I; Essigmann, John M

    2015-01-01

    Heterocyclic nucleic acid bases and their analogs can adopt multiple tautomeric forms due to the presence of multiple solvent-exchangeable protons. In DNA, spontaneous formation of minor tautomers has been speculated to contribute to mutagenic mispairings during DNA replication, whereas in RNA, minor tautomeric forms have been proposed to enhance the structural and functional diversity of RNA enzymes and aptamers. This review summarizes the role of tautomerism in RNA biochemistry, specifically focusing on the role of tautomerism in catalysis of small self-cleaving ribozymes and recognition of ligand analogs by riboswitches. Considering that the presence of multiple tautomers of nucleic acid bases is a rare occurrence, and that tautomers typically interconvert on a fast time scale, methods for studying rapid tautomerism in the context of nucleic acids under biologically relevant aqueous conditions are also discussed. © 2014 Singh et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press for the RNA Society.

  18. Analytical Modeling for Mechanical Strength Prediction with Raman Spectroscopy and Fractured Surface Morphology of Novel Coconut Shell Powder Reinforced: Epoxy Composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Savita; Singh, Alok; Sharma, Sudhir Kumar

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, an analytical modeling and prediction of tensile and flexural strength of three dimensional micro-scaled novel coconut shell powder (CSP) reinforced epoxy polymer composites have been reported. The novel CSP has a specific mixing ratio of different coconut shell particle size. A comparison is made between obtained experimental strength and modified Guth model. The result shows a strong evidence for non-validation of modified Guth model for strength prediction. Consequently, a constitutive modeled equation named Singh model has been developed to predict the tensile and flexural strength of this novel CSP reinforced epoxy composite. Moreover, high resolution Raman spectrum shows that 40 % CSP reinforced epoxy composite has high dielectric constant to become an alternative material for capacitance whereas fractured surface morphology revealed that a strong bonding between novel CSP and epoxy polymer for the application as light weight composite materials in engineering.

  19. Preterm Birth: A Primary Etiological Factor for Delayed Oral Growth and Development

    PubMed Central

    Thayath, Muhamad Nishad; Singh, Shikha; Sinha, Anju

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Preterm and low birthweight children comprise approximately 6% of all live births. It is now a well-known fact that premature children experience many oral complications associated with their preterm births. Prematurely born infants have a short prenatal development period and they are prone to many serious medical problems during the neonatal period, which may affect the development of oral tissues. Adverse perinatal factors, premature birth and exceptional early adaptation to extra-uterine life and functional activity may influence dental occlusal development and symmetry in the jaws. Thus, the goal of the present paper is to elucidate further the effect of preterm birth on the development of the dentition. How to cite this article: Zaidi I, Thayath MN, Singh S, Sinha A. Preterm Birth: A Primary Etiological Factor for Delayed Oral Growth and Development. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(3): 215-219. PMID:26628856

  20. Megaspores from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam, Sydney Basin, Australia.

    PubMed

    Glasspool

    2000-07-01

    More than 300 megaspore specimens have been recovered from samples from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam of the Wittingham Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin. Only two species are recognised: Singhisporites surangei (Singh) Potonié, emend. and a new species of Singhisporites. Species distribution within the seam is controlled by a major fire event, as recognised by coal petrology and mesofossil content: Singhisporites surangei is dominant before the event, but following it, it is subordinate to the new species.The abundance of megaspores recovered has allowed recognition of the full range of morphologic variation of Singhisporites surangei, which encompasses specimens assigned previously to Singraulispora Pant & Mishra, 1986 and Mammilaespora Pant & Srivastava, 1961; both are regarded as junior synonyms of Singhisporites Potonié, emend. Ultrastructurally, the new species shows affinities with Mesozoic isoetalean megaspores.

  1. B2 RNA and 7SK RNA, RNA polymerase III transcripts, have a cap-like structure at their 5' end.

    PubMed Central

    Shumyatsky, G P; Tillib, S V; Kramerov, D A

    1990-01-01

    We found that hydrolysates of poly(A)+ RNA from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells which were transcribed by RNA polymerase III contained an unusual component designated as X. It was part of B2 RNA representing a transcript of B2 retroposon, typical of rodents. The component X possesses a cap-like structure, xppp5'G, where x has a non-nucleotide structure. About half of all B2 RNAs contained this group at the 5' end. Previously, Epstein et al. (1) detected a similar structure at the 5' end of small nuclear U6 RNA. Later, Singh and Reddy (2) showed methyl to be the blocking group in the component x of U6 RNA. Besides B2 RNA, we found 5' ends containing methyl groups in 7SK RNA. Images PMID:1700854

  2. Indoor versus Outdoor Scene Classification Using Probabilistic Neural Network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gupta, Lalit; Pathangay, Vinod; Patra, Arpita; Dyana, A.; Das, Sukhendu

    2006-12-01

    We propose a method for indoor versus outdoor scene classification using a probabilistic neural network (PNN). The scene is initially segmented (unsupervised) using fuzzy[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]-means clustering (FCM) and features based on color, texture, and shape are extracted from each of the image segments. The image is thus represented by a feature set, with a separate feature vector for each image segment. As the number of segments differs from one scene to another, the feature set representation of the scene is of varying dimension. Therefore a modified PNN is used for classifying the variable dimension feature sets. The proposed technique is evaluated on two databases: IITM-SCID2 (scene classification image database) and that used by Payne and Singh in 2005. The performance of different feature combinations is compared using the modified PNN.

  3. Sandia Simple Particle Tracking (Sandia SPT) v. 1.0

    SciTech Connect

    Anthony, Stephen M.

    2015-06-15

    Sandia SPT is designed as software to accompany a book chapter being published a methods chapter which provides an introduction on how to label and track individual proteins. The Sandia Simple Particle Tracking code uses techniques common to the image processing community, where its value is that it facilitates implementing the methods described in the book chapter by providing the necessary open-source code. The code performs single particle spot detection (or segmentation and localization) followed by tracking (or connecting the detected particles into trajectories). The book chapter, which along with the headers in each file, constitutes the documentation for the code is: Anthony, S.M.; Carroll-Portillo, A.; Timlon, J.A., Dynamics and Interactions of Individual Proteins in the Membrane of Living Cells. In Anup K. Singh (Ed.) Single Cell Protein Analysis Methods in Molecular Biology. Springer

  4. Nanotechnology in dentistry: Present and future.

    PubMed

    Bhardwaj, Archana; Bhardwaj, Abhishek; Misuriya, Abhinav; Maroli, Sohani; Manjula, S; Singh, Arvind Kumar

    2014-02-01

    Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on the molecular and atomic levels. It has the potential to bring enormous changes into the fields of medicine and dentistry. A day may soon come when nanodentistry will succeed in maintaining near-perfect oral health through the aid of nanorobotics, nanomaterials and biotechnology. However, as with all developments, it may also pose a risk for misuse. Time, economical and technical resources, and human needs will determine the direction this revolutionizing development may take. This article reviews the current status and the potential clinical applications of nanotechnology, nanaomedicine and nanodentistry. How to cite the article: Bhardwaj A, Bhardwaj A, Misuriya A, Maroli S, Manjula S, Singh AK. Nanotechnology in dentistry: Present and future. J Int Oral Health 2013;6(1):121-6.

  5. A New Framework for Adptive Sampling and Analysis During Long-Term Monitoring and Remedial Action Management

    SciTech Connect

    Minsker, Barbara

    2005-06-01

    Yonas Demissie, a research assistant supported by the project, has successfully created artificial data and assimilated it into coupled Modflow and artificial neural network models. His initial findings show that the neural networks help correct errors in the Modflow models. Abhishek Singh has used test cases from the literature to show that performing model calibration with an interactive genetic algorithm results in significantly improved parameter values. Meghna Babbar, the third research assistant supported by the project, has found similar results when applying an interactive genetic algorithms to long-term monitoring design. She has also developed new types of interactive genetic algorithms that significantly improve performance. Gayathri Gopalakrishnan, the last research assistant who is partially supported by the project, has shown that sampling branches of phytoremediation trees is an accurate approach to estimating soil and groundwater contaminations in areas surrounding the trees at the Argonne 317/319 site.

  6. Essentiality of early diagnosis of molar incisor hypomineralization in children and review of its clinical presentation, etiology and management.

    PubMed

    Garg, Nishita; Jain, Abhay Kumar; Saha, Sonali; Singh, Jaspal

    2012-09-01

    Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a common developmental condition resulting in enamel defects in first permanent molars and permanent incisors. It presents at eruption of these teeth. One to four molars, and often also the incisors, could be affected. Since first recognized, the condition has been puzzling and interpreted as a distinct phenomenon unlike other enamel disturbances. Early diagnosis is essential since, rapid breakdown of tooth structure may occur, giving rise to acute symptoms and complicated treatment. The purpose of this article is to review MIH and illustrate its diagnosis and clinical management in young children. How to cite this article: Garg N, Jain AK, Saha S, Singh J. Essentiality of Early Diagnosis of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children and Review of its Clinical Presentation, Etiology and Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(3):190-196.

  7. Mental retardation, "coarse" face, and hyperbreathing: confirmation of the Pitt-Hopkins syndrome.

    PubMed

    Van Balkom, I D; Quartel, S; Hennekam, R C

    1998-01-23

    We present a patient with distinctive clinical manifestations resembling those first described by Pitt and Hopkins in 1978 [Aust Pediatr J 14:182-184] as a separate entity. Cardinal findings in this syndrome are mental retardation, "coarse" face, and an abnormal breathing pattern. The symptoms in this patient are different from those in the Joubert syndrome, Rett syndrome, Rett-like variants, and of a case reported by Leifer et al. [1991: Dysmorph Clin Genet 5:42-47]. The manifestations in our patient and in the case described by Singh [1993: J Paediatric Child Health 29:156-157] seem to confirm the delineation of this syndrome the cause of which remains unknown.

  8. National population policy.

    PubMed

    Singh, K

    1976-01-01

    Dr. Singh emphasized that the Indian government realized radical measures were necessary to control the country's staggering population explosion. With only 2.4% of the world's area, it has 15% of the world's population, increasing at a rate of over 1 million/month. Suggested measures include raising the age of marriage, freezing state representation until 2001 to increase the states' interest in population problems, increasing female literacy, increasing monetary compensation for voluntary sterilization, providing group incentives, using voluntary organizations, and generally changing the urban elitist approach of the past into more imaginative rural-oriented attitudes. States with adequate facilities could institute compulsory sterilization after 3 children, uniformly applicable to state citizens.

  9. Respiratory adaptation to high altitude in adolescent Bod girls of the Western Himalayas.

    PubMed

    Malik, S L; Pandey, A K

    1993-01-01

    The impact of high-altitude environment was studied on respiratory functions and body measurements in adolescent Bod girls of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Data were collected on 133 high-altitude and 141 low-altitude Bod girls in the age range 12-18 years. Lung functions were, age to age, higher in high-altitude girls than their coeval lowlanders. This has been explained as an adaptation to the stress of low atmospheric pressure at high altitude. This response is similar to the one observed in growing Bod boys living in the same area (Malik and Singh 1979, 1984). High-altitude girls were shorter and lighter, the difference was more pronounced in weight and especially after 14 years of age.

  10. Elasticity of Tantalum to 105 Gpa using a stress and angle-resolved x-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect

    Cynn, H; Yoo, C S

    1999-08-11

    Determining the mechanical properties such as elastic constants of metals at Mbar pressures has been a difficult task in experiment. Following the development of anisotropic elastic theory by Singh et al. [l], Mao et a1.[2] have recently developed a novel experimental technique to determine the elastic constants of Fe by using the stress and energy-dispersive x-ray diffraction (SEX). In this paper, we present an improved complementary technique, stress and angle-resolved x-ray diffraction (SAX), which we have applied to determine the elastic constants of tantalum to 105 GPa. The extrapolation of the tantalum elastic data shows an excellent agreement with the low-pressure ultrasonic data [3]. We also discuss the improvement of this SAX method over the previous SEX. [elastic constant, anisotropic elastic theory, angle-dispersive synchrotron x-ray diffraction, mechanical properties

  11. Preparation of Pb(Zr(0.54)Ti(0.46))O3 thin films on (100)Si using textured YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) and yttria-stabilized zirconia buffer layers by laser physical vapor deposition technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiwari, P.; Zheleva, T.; Narayan, J.

    1993-07-01

    The paper reports successful preparation of Pb(Zr(0.54)Ti(0.46)O3 (PZT)/YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (YBCO)/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/Si textured multilayer structures by the laser physical vapor deposition (LPVD) technique described by Singh et al. (1990), using a pulsed excimer KrF laser for laser ablation. In LPVD, the textured PZT were obtained at the optimal temperature, 530 C. Results of a systematic study of processing are presented together with the results of microstructural and electrical characterization of PZT films. The predominant orientation relationship was found to be: 001-line Si/001-line YSZ; 001-line YSZ/001-line YBCO; 001-line YBCO/001-line PZT.

  12. Vibration transmission through rolling element bearings. III - Geared rotor system studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lim, T. C.; Singh, R.

    1991-01-01

    The bearing matrix formulations proposed by Lim and Singh (1990) are extended to analyze the overall dynamics of a geared rotor system which includes a spur gear pair, shafts, rolling-element bearings, a motor, a load, a casing, and flexible or rigid mounts. For this purpose, discrete vibration models are developed and used to predict vibration transmission through the bearings and to investigate the effects of the bearing, casing, and mount dynamics on the dynamic characteristics of the internal rotating system. Analytical predictions show that the theory is capable of predicting the bearing and mount moment transmissibilities in addition to the force transmissibilities. The predicted flexural vibrations of the casing plate are in good agreement with measurements conducted on an experimental set-up that consisted of a high-precision beam and pinion, and four identical rolling element bearings contained in a flexible casing mounted rigidly on a massive foundation.

  13. Srivastavanema cynocephali n. sp. (Nematoda, Trichostrongylina, Heligmosomoidea), a parasite of a dermopteran from Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Durette-Desset, M C; Purwaningsih, E

    1999-03-01

    Srivastavanema cynocephali n. sp., a parasite of Cynocephalus variegatus (Dermoptera) from Indonesia, is described. This species is closely related to S. yapi Durette-Desset & Lim Boo Liat, 1975, in the characters of the synlophe at the mid-body and in the shape of the caudal bursa, but it is distinguished by the pattern of the synlophe in the posterior part of the body, very long, thin rays 2 and 3, a less developed genital cone, the absence of a membrane between left and right rays 6, and longer spicules. Its morphology is slightly less specialised than the four previously known species of the genus, which are all parasites of petauristines. The genus Srivastavanema (Singh, 1962) has a systematic position between the Heligmonellinae and the Brevistriatinae. Therefore, it may be a parasite of the Dermoptera which could have secondarily evolved within the Petauristinae. The Dermoptera may have played an important role in the evolution of the Heligmonellinae.

  14. Effective cluster interactions using the generalized perturbation method in the atomic-sphere approximation

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, P.P.; Gonis, A. )

    1993-03-15

    We describe the generalized perturbation method in the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA) for calculating the effective cluster interactions. Based on our development of Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker coherent-potential approximation in the ASA [Singh [ital et] [ital al]., Phys. Rev. B 44, 8578 (1991)], the present approach is the next step towards developing a first-principles method that can be easily applied to describe substitutionally disordered alloys based on simple lattice structures as well as complex lattice structures with low symmetry. To test the accuracy of the ASA results, we have calculated the effective pair interactions (EPI) up to fourth-nearest neighbors for the substitutionally disordered Pd[sub 0.5]V[sub 0.5] and Pd[sub 0.75]Rh[sub 0.25] alloys. Our calculated EPI's are in good agreement with the respective muffin-tin results.

  15. Stress Reduction through Audio Distraction in Anxious Pediatric Dental Patients: An Adjunctive Clinical Study.

    PubMed

    Singh, Divya; Samadi, Firoza; Jaiswal, Jn; Tripathi, Abhay Mani

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the eff-cacy of 'audio distraction' in anxious pediatric dental patients. Sixty children were randomly selected and equally divided into two groups of thirty each. The first group was control group (group A) and the second group was music group (group B). The dental procedure employed was extraction for both the groups. The children included in music group were allowed to hear audio presentation throughout the treatment procedure. Anxiety was measured by using Venham's picture test, pulse rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation. 'Audio distraction' was found efficacious in alleviating anxiety of pediatric dental patients. 'Audio distraction' did decrease the anxiety in pediatric patients to a significant extent. How to cite this article: Singh D, Samadi F, Jaiswal JN, Tripathi AM. Stress Reduction through Audio Distraction in Anxious Pediatric Dental Patients: An Adjunctive Clinical Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):149-152.

  16. Ultrasonic disruption of algae cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, P. M.; Nowotarski, K.; Joyce, E. M.; Mason, T. J.

    2012-05-01

    During last decade there has been increasing interest in the production of sustainable fuels from microalgae (R.H. Wijffels and M.J. Barbosa, 2010; Singh et al 2011; D.H. Lee 2011). The aim of this project was to determine if algal cells can be ultrasonically disrupted to release lipids for biofuel production. Ultrasonic disruption of two unicellular algal species: Dunnaliella salina and Nannochloropsis oculata was investigated using a 20 kHz probe. Haemocytometer, optical density, UV-Vis, fluoro-spectrophotometer and confocal microscopy results demonstrated complete cell destruction of Dunaliella salina within 16 minutes of sonication. Results obtained for Nannochloropsis oculata differed in that ultrasound dispersed clumped cells with little or no cell disruption, as observed by haemocytometer and confocal microscopy analysis. However, UV-Visible and fluoro-spectrophotometer analysis indicated chlorophyll release following sonication, suggesting some cell disruption had occurred.

  17. Refraining Maternal Health Role of Ayurveda in Public Health Care

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Anuradha

    2008-01-01

    Anuradha Singh is a scientist with National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (CSIR) doing research on the theory and practice of Ayurveda. She has authored a book and several research papers on crossroads of Science and Indian Medical Traditions, Philosophical Foundations of Classical Medical Theories and Maternal Health & Ayurveda. She is also a founder member of Lok Swasthya Parampara Samvardhana Samiti (LSPSS) a network of individuals and NGOs working for the development and revitalization of Indian systems of health care. She was a resource person for MATRIKA and also an active member of its Advisory Board. She shares with her fellow contributors (of this issue) the conviction that Ayurveda, as a preventive and curative health system, can be a panacea to all that ails the humans, animals and the plant kingdom. PMID:22557291

  18. Refraining maternal health role of ayurveda in public health care.

    PubMed

    Singh, Anuradha

    2008-07-01

    Anuradha Singh is a scientist with National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (CSIR) doing research on the theory and practice of Ayurveda. She has authored a book and several research papers on crossroads of Science and Indian Medical Traditions, Philosophical Foundations of Classical Medical Theories and Maternal Health & Ayurveda. She is also a founder member of Lok Swasthya Parampara Samvardhana Samiti (LSPSS) a network of individuals and NGOs working for the development and revitalization of Indian systems of health care. She was a resource person for MATRIKA and also an active member of its Advisory Board. She shares with her fellow contributors (of this issue) the conviction that Ayurveda, as a preventive and curative health system, can be a panacea to all that ails the humans, animals and the plant kingdom.

  19. A Method for Calculating Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of a Helium-Xenon Gas Mixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, Paul K.

    2006-01-01

    A method for calculating viscosity and thermal conductivity of a helium-xenon (He-Xe) gas mixture was employed, and results were compared to AiResearch (part of Honeywell) analytical data. The method of choice was that presented by Hirschfelder with Singh's third-order correction factor applied to thermal conductivity. Values for viscosity and thermal conductivity were calculated over a temperature range of 400 to 1200 K for He-Xe gas mixture molecular weights of 20.183, 39.94, and 83.8 kg/kmol. First-order values for both transport properties were in good agreement with AiResearch analytical data. Third-order-corrected thermal conductivity values were all greater than AiResearch data, but were considered to be a better approximation of thermal conductivity because higher-order effects of mass and temperature were taken into consideration. Viscosity, conductivity, and Prandtl number were then compared to experimental data presented by Taylor.

  20. Essentiality of Early Diagnosis of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children and Review of its Clinical Presentation, Etiology and Management

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Abhay Kumar; Saha, Sonali; Singh, Jaspal

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a common developmental condition resulting in enamel defects in first permanent molars and permanent incisors. It presents at eruption of these teeth. One to four molars, and often also the incisors, could be affected. Since first recognized, the condition has been puzzling and interpreted as a distinct phenomenon unlike other enamel disturbances. Early diagnosis is essential since, rapid breakdown of tooth structure may occur, giving rise to acute symptoms and complicated treatment. The purpose of this article is to review MIH and illustrate its diagnosis and clinical management in young children. How to cite this article: Garg N, Jain AK, Saha S, Singh J. Essentiality of Early Diagnosis of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children and Review of its Clinical Presentation, Etiology and Management. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2012;5(3):190-196. PMID:25206166

  1. Neutron diffraction study of the BiFeO₃ spin cycloid at low temperature.

    PubMed

    Herrero-Albillos, Julia; Catalan, Gustau; Rodriguez-Velamazan, José Alberto; Viret, Michel; Colson, Dorothée; Scott, James F

    2010-06-30

    The reported observation of two anomalies in the intensity of the magnon Raman peaks of BiFeO₃ at 140 and 200 K (Singh et al 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Mater 20 252203; Cazayous et al 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 037601) led to the hypothesis that such anomalies might originate from a spin reorientation transition. In order to test this hypothesis, we have used temperature-dependent neutron diffraction to track the evolution of the magnetic configuration in single crystals of BiFeO₃. Our results indicate that there is no average reorientation of the spins. This suggests that the magnon anomalies may instead be related to the freezing of modes that do not alter the average projection of the spins over the plane of the cycloid, as also reported for multiferroic TbMnO₃ (Senff et al 2006 J. Phys.: Condens. Mater 18 2069).

  2. Nuclear Data Sheets for A=40

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jun

    2017-02-01

    The experimental nuclear structure data and decay data are evaluated for the known nuclides of mass 40 (Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, Ar, K, Ca, Sc, Ti). Detailed evaluated nuclear structure information is presented with the best values recommended for level energies, half-lives, γ-ray energies and intensities, decay properties (energies, intensities and placement of radiations), and other spectroscopic data. The 40Ca and 40K nuclides remain as the most extensively studied from many different reactions and decays; no excited states are known in 40Mg, 40Al, 40P and 40Ti. This work supersedes the earlier full evaluation of A=40 by J. Cameron and B. Singh (2004Ca38).

  3. A Shape-Memory Alloy Thermal Conduction Switch for Use at Cryogenic Temperatures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaidyanathan, Raj

    2004-01-01

    The following summarizes the activities performed under NASA grant NAG10-323 from September 1, 2002 through September 30, 2004 at the. Univ ersity of Central Florida. A version of this has already been submitt ed for publication in the international journal Swart Materials and S tructures in December 2004. Additionally, a version of this has alrea dy appeared in print in Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, American Institute of Physics, (2004) 50A 26-3; in an article entitled "A Shape Memory Alloy Based Cryogenic Thermal Conduction Switch" by V.B. Krish nan. J.D. Singh. T.R. Woodruff. W.U. Notardonato and R. Vaidyanathan (article is attached at the end of this report).

  4. Uptake and translocation of Cd[sup 109] by two aquatic ferns in relation to relative toxic response

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, J.; Viswanathan, P.N. ); Gupta, M.; Devi, S. )

    1993-12-01

    Considerable variations exist in the phytotoxic response of different plants to cadmium exposure and uptake as observed in experimental and field studies. Quantitative and qualitative variations in comparative anatomy, physiology and biochemistry could be responsible for selective toxicity. Variations in uptake, translocation, sequestration by cell wall, phytochelation or formation of inclusion bodies have been reported in phytotoxic response to cadmium. Earlier studies by Singh et al. (1991) with the aquatic fern Marsilea minuta Linn showed Cd[sup 2+] induced both ultrastructural lesions and metallothioneins at concentrations above 0.5 ppm. However, another aquatic fern, Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brogn was even more sensitive to the basis of this variation, the comparative uptake and translocation of radioactive Cd[sup 109] by these plans was studied. 11 refs., 1 tab.

  5. Viral contamination of a mosquito cell line, Aedes albopictus, associated with syncytium formation.

    PubMed

    Hirumi, H; Hirumi, K; Speyer, G; Yunker, C E; Thomas, L A; Cory, J; Sweet, B H

    1976-02-01

    Viral contamination associated with syncytium formation in two sbulines of Singh's Aedes albopictus cell cultures was investigated. Electron microscopy of the syncytia revealed the presence of five different types of virus-like particles, which morphologically resembled the parvo-, picorna-, toga-, and orbi-, and bacterial viruses. When a virus-free subline of the A. albopictus cells (SL3) was inoculated with extracts of the syncytium-forming A. albopictus cells, the parvo-, toga-, and orbi-type viral agents were consistently observed. Among these three agents, the togavirus-type agent is most likely responsible for the syncytium induction. Serological examination of the infected cell extract indicated that at least one of three virus-like agents, presumably the togavirus-type agent, was related to Chikungunya. O'nyong-nyong, and Western equine encephalomyelitis viruses (alphaviruses of the Togaviridae), but separable from these.

  6. Landscape level analysis of disturbance regimes in protected areas of Rajasthan, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krishna, P. Hari; Reddy, C. Sudhakar; Singh, Randeep; Jha, C. S.

    2014-04-01

    There is an urgent need to identify the human influence on landscape as disturbance regimes was realized for prioritization of the protected areas. The present study has attempted to describe the landscape level assessment of fragmentation and disturbance index in protected areas of Rajasthan using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Geospatial analysis of disturbance regimes indicates 61.75% of the total PAs are under moderate disturbance index followed by 28.64% and 9.61% under low and high respectively. Among the 28 protected areas- National Chambal WLS, Jaisamand WLS, Kumbhalgarh WLS, Sawai Man Singh WLS, Kailadevi WLS and Bandh Baratha WLS are representing high level of disturbance. The present study has emphasized the moderate to low disturbance regimes in protected areas, which infer low biotic pressure and conservation effectiveness of PA network in Rajasthan. The spatial information generated on PAs is of valuable use for forest management and developing conservation strategies.

  7. Adaptogenic activity of a novel withanolide-free aqueous fraction from the roots of Withania somnifera Dun. (Part II).

    PubMed

    Singh, B; Chandan, B K; Gupta, D K

    2003-05-01

    In the Indian traditional system of medicine Withania somnifera Dun. is widely regarded as the Indian Ginseng. A new withanolide-free hydrosoluble fraction was isolated from the roots of Withania somnifera Dun. and was evaluated for putative antistress activity against a battery of tests to delineate the activity of this fraction. The latter fraction exhibited significant antistress activity in a dose-related manner (Singh et al., 2001) and was further studied against chemical and physical induced stress in rats and mice. The extract of Withania somnifera root (a commercial preparation available locally) was also used to compare the results. A preliminary acute toxicity study in mice showed a good margin of safety with a high therapeutic index. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Study of naturally occurring Precambrian native iron through high-pressure Mössbauer Spectroscopy up to 10 GPa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Usha; Parthasarathy, G.

    2009-06-01

    We report here the Mössbauer spectroscopic studies on native iron sample obtained from Proterozoic Mica Schist of Chaibasa SinghBhum craton of Eastern India at ambient condition as well as under high pressure up to 10 GPa using Diamond Anvil Cell and 4:1 methanol -- ethanol mixture as hydrostatic pressure medium. The results were compared with the studies on metallic iron under high pressure [1,2] . A slight variation in isomer shift up to 5.6 GPa and onset of a new peak corresponding to BCC->HCP transformation at 9.1 GPa might indicate the magnitude of impact experienced by the sample before attaining the thermodynamical equilibrium. [1] Pipkorn D.N., Edge C.K., Debrunner P., De Pasquali G., Drickamer H.G. and Fraunfelder H. (1964) 135, 1604. [2] Chandra usha, Mudgal Prerana, Kumar Manoj, Rawat Rajeev, Parthasarathy, Dilawar Nita and Bandyopadhyay A.K. (2005), Hyper. Inter.163, 129.

  9. In this issue: autoimmunity and innate immunity.

    PubMed

    Bot, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    In this issue of the journal, we host a range of topics relevant to innate immunity as well as certain inflammatory diseases. More specifically, Sanz et al. cover a tantalizing form of death called pyroptosis that leads to inflammation. Samasca et al. provide a brief perspective on celiac disease. Singh and collaborators discuss in detail a newly designed leptin antagonist that could be applicable to colitis treatment. Through a meta-analysis, Wen et al. show that IL-18 gene polymorphism is associated with RA and SLE. Adenovirus-triggered innate immunity is discussed by Chen and Lee. Further, Zheng et al. provide a review of lectin receptors and their importance to anti-microbial immunity. Finally, Rojas et al. discuss tantalizing evidence supporting the fact that endogenous danger motifs such as advanced glycation end products are recognized via a TLR-like molecule and signaling pathway.

  10. Crustal Configuration of the Terrace off Trivandrum, Southwestern Continental Margin of India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurian, J.; Vadakkeyakath, Y.; Bhattacharya, G. C.; Sivaramakrishnan, R.; Sk221 Scientific Team*

    2010-12-01

    The Terrace off Trivandrum (TOT) is an anomalous bathymetric protrusion in the southwestern continental margin of India. Recent studies based on paleogeographic reconstructions have suggested that the Terrace off Trivandrum and the bathymetric notch in the Northern Madagascar Ridge are conjugate features related to India-Madagascar separation. While the nature of crust underlying the Northern Madagascar Ridge is ambiguous, no information is available on the nature of the crust in the Terrace off Trivandrum. In this context, the present study was carried out to understand the crustal configuration of TOT based on recently acquired bathymetry, multi-channel seismic reflection, gravity and magnetic data. The seismic reflection data clearly brings out the block-faulted nature of the basement and presence of a nearly N-S trending wide basement high in the central part of the TOT. This region is characterized by the presence of several prominent high amplitude magnetic anomalies as well as several positive residual gravity anomalies superimposed over a broad negative free-air gravity anomaly. At places, the prominent gravity and magnetic anomalies coincide with the bathymetric features suggesting their probable genesis as volcanic emplacements. In the central part of the TOT, the prominent gravity anomalies coincide with the wide basement high. However, no distinctive basement features are conspicuous in the seismic section corresponding to the prominent magnetic anomalies observed at places over this basement high. Integrated modelling of gravity and magnetic data constrained by seismic reflection information suggests that the crustal configuration of the TOT region is comparable to a thinned continental crust intermingled with intruded / extruded volcanics. *SK221 Scientific Team: M.M. Subramaniam, A. Tyagi, P. Vohat, A. Bhattacharya, V.S.K. Rao, P. Shetkar, R.D. Singh, U.K. Singh, K.V. Swamy, S. Upadhyaya

  11. Identification of possible structural error in hydrological models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, S. K.; Bárdossy, A.; McMillan, H.

    2012-04-01

    Hydrological Models are simplifications and theoretical approximations of complex natural phenomena. Hence, they cannot predict perfectly what happen in natural systems. There are several reasons; some of the main reasons are error in the input data, imperfect model structure, insufficient information for parameter identification etc. The identification of structural error in a complex model is very difficult task. This is especially difficult as the final differences between observation and model results are a combined consequence of the above reasons. In this study we aimed to develop a tool to identify possible model structural error in hydrological model by using the concept of the data depth function. The model was calibrated using the ROPE (Bárdossy and Singh 2008) algorithm and the optimal parameter space was obtained. From N optimal parameter sets N discharge series were obtained and boundary of the convex hull from d-dimensional dataset corresponding N discharge series (DB) is taken for further analysis. A d-dimensional dataset corresponding to the observed discharge (DX) is taken and depth of the each elements of observed discharge is calculated with respect to the boundary of the convex hull from N model discharge series. If there are elements in DX whose depths are zero with respect to the convex hull (DB), then those corresponding to d-days trajectories of the observation for which there is no similarity in any of the model parameterization. These elements can give possible indication for model structure errors. The methodology was demonstrated on two models HYMOD and TopNet in Pelorous catchment of New Zealand. Bárdossy, A. and S. K. Singh (2008). "Robust estimation of hydrological model parameters." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 12: 1273-1283.

  12. Understanding critical barriers to implementing a clinical information system in a nursing home through the lens of a socio-technical perspective.

    PubMed

    Or, Calvin; Dohan, Michael; Tan, Joseph

    2014-09-01

    This paper addresses key barriers to implementing a clinical information system (CIS) in a Hong Kong nursing home setting, from a healthcare specific socio-technical perspective. Data was collected through field observations (n = 12) and semi-structured individual interviews (n = 18) of CIS stakeholders in a Hong Kong nursing home, and analyzed using the immersion/crystallization approach. Complex interactions relevant to our case were contextualized and interpreted within the perspective of the Sittig-Singh Healthcare Socio-Technical Framework (HSTF). Three broad clusters of implementation barriers from the eight HSTF dimensions were identified: (a) Infrastructure-based barriers, which relate to conflict between government regulations and system functional needs of users; lack of financial support; inconsistency between workflow, work policy, and procedures; and inadequacy of hardware-software infrastructural and technical support; (b) Process-based barriers, which relate to mismatch between the technology, existing work practice and workflow, and communication; low system speed, accessibility, and stability; deficient computer literacy; more experience in health care profession; clinical content inadequacy and unavailability; as well as poor system usefulness and user interface design; and (c) Outcome-based barriers, which relate to the lack of measurement and monitoring of system effectiveness. Two additional dimensions underlining the importance of the ability of a CIS to change are proposed to extend the Sittig-Singh HSTF. First, advocacy would promote the articulation and influence of changes in the system and subsequent outcomes by CIS stakeholders, and second, adaptability would ensure the ability of the system to adjust to emerging needs. The broad set of discovered implementation shortcomings expands prior research on why CIS can fail in nursing home settings. Moreover, our investigation offers a knowledge base and recommendations that can serve

  13. Drying kinetics and mathematical modeling of hot air drying of coconut coir pith.

    PubMed

    Fernando, J A K M; Amarasinghe, A D U S

    2016-01-01

    Drying kinetics of coir pith was studied and the properties of compressed coir pith discs were analyzed. Coir pith particles were oven dried in the range of temperatures from 100 to 240 °C and the rehydration ability of compressed coir pith was evaluated by finding the volume expansion. The optimum drying temperature was found to be 140 °C. Hot air drying was carried out to examine the drying kinetics by allowing the coir pith particles to fluidize and circulate inside the drying chamber. Particle motion within the drying chamber closely resembled the particle motion in a flash dryer. The effective moisture diffusivity was found to increase from 1.18 × 10(-8) to 1.37 × 10(-8) m(2)/s with the increase of air velocity from 1.4 to 2.5 m/s respectively. Correlation analysis and residual plots were used to determine the adequacy of existing mathematical models for describing the drying behavior of coir pith. The empirical models, Wang and Singh model and Linear model, were found to be adequate for accurate prediction of drying behavior of coir pith. A new model was proposed by modifying the Wang and Singh model and considering the effect of air velocity. It gave the best correlation between observed and predicted moisture ratio with high value of coefficient of determination (R(2)) and lower values of root mean square error, reduced Chi square (χ(2)) and mean relative deviation (E%).

  14. Association between Modified Shuttle Walk Test and cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight/obese adults with primary hypertension: EXERDIET-HTA study.

    PubMed

    Jurio-Iriarte, Borja; Gorostegi-Anduaga, Ilargi; Aispuru, G Rodrigo; Pérez-Asenjo, Javier; Brubaker, Peter H; Maldonado-Martín, Sara

    2017-02-07

    The aims of the study were to evaluate the relationship between Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) with peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) in overweight/obese people with primary hypertension (HTN) and to develop an equation for the MSWT to predict V˙O2peak. Participants (N = 256, 53.9 ± 8.1 years old) with HTN and overweight/obesity performed a cardiorespiratory exercise test to peak exertion on an upright bicycle ergometer using an incremental ramp protocol and the 15-level MSWT. The formula of Singh et al was used as a template to predict V˙O2peak, and a new equation was generated from the measured V˙O2peak-MSWT relationship in this investigation. The correlation between measured and predicted V˙O2peak for Singh et al equation was moderate (r = 0.60, P < .001) with a standard error of the estimate (SEE) of 4.92 mL·kg(-1) minute(-1), SEE% = 21%. The correlation between MSWT and measured V˙O2peak as well as for the new equation was strong (r = 0.72, P < .001) with a SEE of 4.35 mL·kg(-1) minute(-1), SEE% = 19%. These results indicate that MSWT does not accurately predict functional capacity in overweight/obese people with HTN and questions the validity of using this test to evaluate exercise intolerance. A more accurate determination from a new equation in the current study incorporating more variables from MSWT to estimate V˙O2peak has been performed but still results in substantial error.

  15. Association of Dermatoglyphic Peculiarities with Dental Caries in Preschool Children of Lucknow, India.

    PubMed

    Singh, Ekta; Saha, Sabyasachi; Jagannath, G V; Singh, Sanjay; Saha, Sonali; Garg, Nishita

    2016-01-01

    Dermatoglyphics refers to study of the intricate dermal ridge configurations on the skin covering the palmar and plantar surfaces of hand and feet. The basis of considering dermatoglyphic patterns as genetic marker for dental caries is that the epithelium of finger buds as well as enamel has ectodermal origin, and both develop at the same time of intrauterine life. To assess the relationship between fingerprint patterns and dental caries among preschool children of Lucknow city. This study was of cross-sectional design. The study group comprised 512 preschool children 2-6 years of age. The prevalence of caries was recorded using "Dentition status and treatment needs" (WHO basic oral health assessment form, 1997). They were divided into three groups as follows: Group I (dmft score = 0-2), group II (dmft score = 3-4) and group III (dmft score ≥5). The handprints of each child were taken using a stamp pad. The fingertip patterns were analyzed according to the classical method and were classified according to the topological method. The frequency of occurrence of type of dermatoglyphic pattern on fingertip of each digit was noted. Chi-square test was used to test the significant difference in proportions. Means were compared using Student's t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) or F-test. Subjects belonging to groups II and III showed maximum occurrence of whorl pattern on all digits. Group I subjects had maximum occurrence of arch pattern. All the variables had statistically significant value, with a degree of divergence of specific dermatoglyphic patterns among all three groups. The dental caries susceptibility of an individual increased with incidence of whorl pattern and it decreased with incidence of arch pattern. How to cite this article: Singh E, Saha S, Jagannath GV, Singh S, Saha S, Garg N. Association of Dermatoglyphic Peculiarities with Dental Caries in Preschool Children of Lucknow, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):39-44.

  16. Did the Long Duration, April 18, 2002 (Mw 6.7), Mexico Earthquake Break the Guerrero Gap?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores, K.; Hjorleifsdottir, V.; Iglesias, A.; Singh, S. K.

    2016-12-01

    The April 18, 2002 (Mw 6.7) earthquake was located about 55 km off the coast of Guerrero, near to the Mesoamerican Trench. The hypocenter location (Pacheco & Singh, 2010) is inside what is known as the Guerrero Gap, a segment of the Mexican subduction zone that has not had a large (M>7) earthquake in at least 100 years (Singh et al 1981). The 2002 earthquake is anomalous in the sense that it produced very small accelerations for its size (Iglesias et al 2003) and it is one of the earthquakes with longest duration relative to its magnitude recorded globally in the last 40 years (Duputel et al, 2013). A small tsunami (less than 10 cm) was detected at nearby sites. Furthermore, it is notable that this event occurred at the end of the 2002 slow slip event, that occurred on the down dip portion of the same segment from jan-april the same year(Kostoglodov 2003). The location and extent of the rupture area of this event, is key to understanding the seismogenic potential of the Guerrero Gap. Often the rupture area of an earthquake is estimated by the extent of the aftershock area. However, locating earthquakes near the trench is difficult, due to their emerging P-waves and as they occur outside of the network of observation. In this study we calculate the duration of the 2002 earthquake by observations of both near- and far-field records. We then relocate the aftershocks to estimate the rupture area, and finally discuss the implications of our results for the seismogenic potential of the zone.

  17. Moisture characteristics over Indian region during Summer Monsoon using RegCM3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janardanan, Rajesh; Rajanayagam, Lorna; Mohanakumar, Kesavapillai

    In this study, the spatial characteristics of the total Precipitable Water during monsoon season over Indian region, based on the sensitivity experiments performed by a regional climate model for an anomalously dry year. The present study uses a recent version (Version-III) of National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Regional Climate Model (RegCM3). RegCM3 has been integrated at 60 km horizontal resolution over the Indian domain. The planetary boundary layer scheme used is that of Holtslag, cumulus parameterization scheme Emanuel of MIT, SUBEX large scale precipitation scheme and BATS ocean flux parameterization scheme. The model is run from 1st May to 30th September. The first month is taken for the spin up. The next four months are taken to study the monsoon. The experiments are carried out by increasing the initial conditions of Sea Surface Temperature by steps of 0.1 degree ranging up to 1degree. The change in the Total Precipitable water and their spatial distribution are studied. The zonal and meridional moisture transports are also analysed. The features simulated by RegCM3 are compared with those of the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis. Key words:- Peninsular India, model integration, Monsoon Rainfall Reference: K. C. chow, Yiming Liu, Johnny C. L. Chan and Yihui Ding, Int. J. Climatol. 26: 1339-1359 (2006) K. C. Chow, Hang-Wai Tong and Johnny C. L. Chan, Clim. Dyn. DOI 10.1007/s00382-007- 0301-6 G. P. Singh, Jai-Ho Oh, Jin-Young Kim and Ok-Yeon Kim; ", SOLA, Vol. 2, pp.29-32 (2006) Dash S. K., Shekhar M. S., Singh G. P. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 86(1-4): 161 (2006)

  18. Seismo-electromagnetic phenomena in the western part of the Eurasia-Nubia plate boundary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonçalves da Silva, Hugo; Bezzeghoud, Mourad; Biagi, Pier; Namorado Rosa, Rui; Salgueiro da Silva, Manuel; Caldeira, Bento; Heitor Reis, Artur; Borges, José Fernando; Tlemçani, Mouhaydine; Manso, Marco

    2010-05-01

    variations of EM properties of the crust/plate in relation with the strain field, and in space in relation with composition and temperature and stress fields. Further, the interplay between atmospheric (and solar) perturbations with crust perturbations will be monitored, to observe geomagnetic perturbations at different locations. Our study will be focused in the analyses of low magnitude earthquakes with M =< 4, these events are frequent in the WENP region, but have been almost completely disregarded in literature [5,6]. [1] J. Borges, A. J. S. Fitas, M. Bezzeghoud, and P. Teves-Costa, Tectonophysics 337, 373 (2001). [2] V. Chauhan, O.P. Singh, V. Kushwah, V. Singh, B. Singh, Journal of Geodynamics 48, 68 (2009). [3] L. Telesca, V. Lapenna, M. Macchiato, and K. Hattori, Earth and Planet. Science Lett. 268, 219 (2008). [4] P. F. Biagi, L. Castellana, T. Maggipinto, D. Loiacono, L. Schiavulli, T. Ligonzo, M. Fiore, E. Suciu, and A. Ermini, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 9, 1551 (2009). [5] A. Rozhnoi , M.S. Solovieva, O.A. Molchanov, and M. Hayakawa, Phys. and Chem. of the Earth 29, 589-598 (2004). [6] K. Hattori, I. Takahashi, C. Yoshino, N. Isezaki, H. Iwasaki, M. Harada, K. Kawabata, E. Kopytenko, Y. Kopytenko, P. Maltsev, V. Korepanov, O. Molchanov, M. Hayakawa, Y. Noda, T. Nagao, S. Uyeda, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 29, 481-494 (2004).

  19. Inferences on sediment provenance and source weathering using major, trace and Sr-Nd isotopic compositional variations in alluvial sediments from Sirhind, Punjab, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paul, D.; Amir, M.; Sinha, R.; Singh, A.; Balakrishnan, S.

    2013-12-01

    sediments show less radiogenic Sr and more radiogenic Nd (Higher Himalayan signature) whereas sediments deposited around the post-LGM show more radiogenic Sr and less radiogenic in Nd (Lesser Himalayan signature). These variations can be attributed to decreased monsoon precipitation and larger ice cover over the Higher Himalaya during LGM that reduced Higher Himalayan contribution to the post-LGM samples. Similarly, decreasing glacial cover during Holocene may have resulted in relatively more sediment contribution from the Higher Himalayas giving rise to lower 87Sr/86Sr and higher ɛNd values. The findings of this study are consistent with those from the down-stream (Ghaggar river) core sediments2 and Ganga-Yamuna interfluve sediments1. Sr-Nd compositions coupled with CIA values indicate a dominant control of climate on provenance and source weathering. 1Rahaman, W., S. K. Singh., R. Sinha., and S. K. Tondon (2009), Geology, 37, 559-526. 2Singh, A., D. Paul., S. K. Singh., and R. Sinha (2013), PAGES 4th meeting, Goa, India.

  20. Raman scattering investigations of the interaction of a COV with pure and acid doped ice particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Facq, S.; Oancea, A.; Focsa, C.; Chazallon, B.

    2009-04-01

    (183 K to 273 K). Information at the molecular level on the surface structure can be derived from accompanying changes observed in band shapes and vibrational mode frequencies. The influence of the presence of nitric acid on the molecular interactions with the trapped organic species in ice particles can be also spectroscopically characterized. (1) Gao et al., Science, 2004, 303, 516. (2) Journet et al., J. Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109, 14112. (3)H. Singh, M. Kanakidou, P.J Crutzen & D.J Jacob, Nature, 1995, 378, 50. (4)H. Singh, Y. Chen, A. Staudt, D. Jacob, D. Blake, B. Heikes & J. Snow, Nature, 2001, 410, 1078. (5)F. Dominé & P.B Shepson, Science, 2002, 297, 1506

  1. A 16 kyr seawater neodymium isotope record from the central Bay of Bengal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naik, S.; Basak, C.; Pothuri, D.; Goldstein, S. L.

    2016-12-01

    Present-day thermohaline circulation (THC) can be described as a loop where deep waters sink in the North Atlantic and Circum-Antarctic, transporting salt, nutrients, and other chemical species through the global ocean, eventually returning via surface flow to the North Atlantic. The Indian Ocean is an important component of the THC, receiving deep waters via Circumpolar Deep Water and hosting the shallow return flow of the global THC. Here we use Nd isotope ratios as a water mass proxy to trace past THC changes in the central Bay of Bengal (BoB). The downcore Nd isotope record has been generated using planktonic foraminifera from core SK157/20 (12°09'N; 88°42'E, 3171m), spanning the last 16ka. The record begins with ƐNd -8 and shows decreasing values to ƐNd -9 through the deglacial until 8ka. At that time there is a prominent shift to ƐNd -10.3, where it remains for the rest of the Holocene. Comparison with equatorial Indian Ocean core SK129-CR02 (Piotrowski et al., 2009) and distal BoB core ODP 758 (Gourlan et al., 2010; Wilson et al., 2015) shows that ƐNd values of these cores are similar until 8 ka, after which SK157/20 diverges. We interpret the deglacial to early Holocene ( 16-8 ka) part of the SK157/20 ƐNd record to represent the influence of changing THC in the BoB. Singh et al. (2012) suggest that Ganga-Brahmaputra (GB) water is one of the dominant sources of dissolved Nd to the surface and deep waters of BoB, with ƐNd -16. Following the early Holocene, the ƐNd shift in SK157/20 to lower values suggests that GB influences overprinted the THC signal at the site. This timing of the ƐNd change agrees with a high-resolution salinity record from the BoB (Kudrass et al 2001), which shows lowest salinities associated with intense monsoon conditions during the mid-Holocene. Monsoon intensification enhances river discharge and its particle load (Ramaswamy and Nair, 1994), which can release Nd to the water column (Singh et al., 2012).

  2. Inhibition of Janus kinase signaling during controlled mechanical ventilation prevents ventilation-induced diaphragm dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Smith, Ira J; Godinez, Guillermo L; Singh, Baljit K; McCaughey, Kelly M; Alcantara, Raniel R; Gururaja, Tarikere; Ho, Melissa S; Nguyen, Henry N; Friera, Annabelle M; White, Kathy A; McLaughlin, John R; Hansen, Derek; Romero, Jason M; Baltgalvis, Kristen A; Claypool, Mark D; Li, Wei; Lang, Wayne; Yam, George C; Gelman, Marina S; Ding, Rongxian; Yung, Stephanie L; Creger, Daniel P; Chen, Yan; Singh, Rajinder; Smuder, Ashley J; Wiggs, Michael P; Kwon, Oh-Sung; Sollanek, Kurt J; Powers, Scott K; Masuda, Esteban S; Taylor, Vanessa C; Payan, Donald G; Kinoshita, Taisei; Kinsella, Todd M

    2014-07-01

    Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) is associated with the development of diaphragm atrophy and contractile dysfunction, and respiratory muscle weakness is thought to contribute significantly to delayed weaning of patients. Therefore, therapeutic strategies for preventing these processes may have clinical benefit. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in CMV-mediated diaphragm wasting and weakness in rats. CMV-induced diaphragm atrophy and contractile dysfunction coincided with marked increases in STAT3 phosphorylation on both tyrosine 705 (Tyr705) and serine 727 (Ser727). STAT3 activation was accompanied by its translocation into mitochondria within diaphragm muscle and mitochondrial dysfunction. Inhibition of JAK signaling during CMV prevented phosphorylation of both target sites on STAT3, eliminated the accumulation of phosphorylated STAT3 within the mitochondria, and reversed the pathologic alterations in mitochondrial function, reduced oxidative stress in the diaphragm, and maintained normal diaphragm contractility. In addition, JAK inhibition during CMV blunted the activation of key proteolytic pathways in the diaphragm, as well as diaphragm atrophy. These findings implicate JAK/STAT3 signaling in the development of diaphragm muscle atrophy and dysfunction during CMV and suggest that the delayed extubation times associated with CMV can be prevented by inhibition of Janus kinase signaling.-Smith, I. J., Godinez, G. L., Singh, B. K., McCaughey, K. M., Alcantara, R. R., Gururaja, T., Ho, M. S., Nguyen, H. N., Friera, A. M., White, K. A., McLaughlin, J. R., Hansen, D., Romero, J. M., Baltgalvis, K. A., Claypool, M. D., Li, W., Lang, W., Yam, G. C., Gelman, M. S., Ding, R., Yung, S. L., Creger, D. P., Chen, Y., Singh, R., Smuder, A. J., Wiggs, M. P., Kwon, O.-S., Sollanek, K. J., Powers, S. K., Masuda, E. S., Taylor, V. C., Payan, D. G

  3. Application of an extension of the MAI method to the Acapulco City, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Contreras, M.; Aguirre, J.

    2001-12-01

    The site effects and the source parameters, are inverted from a Fourier displacement spectra of seismograms that are corrected by geometrical spreading and regional attenuation valid for south center of Mexico(Ordaz and Singh, 1992). We used Genetic Algorithms (GA) to perform the non-linear inversion, like in the MAI method (Moya et al., 2000) . The GA have proved to produce better results than other traditional methods which are frequently trapped in a local minimum. GA is a method that mimics the evolution laws in living creatures. The best individuals reproduce and develop themselves with every generation. In our case each individual correspond to one source and the genes correspond to the source parameters. As in nature, the best source remain and are improved with each iteration. We assume that the site effect at each station are the same independently of the earthquake, because of that we can search for the combination of sources that can produce the smaller standard deviation of the estimated site effects from the different Fourier displacement earthquake spectra. Then we use the obtained site effects to generate a Fourier displacement spectra of an earthquake scenario. With this, we are able to compute the response spectra by means of random vibration theory (Reinoso et al., 1990). We apply this method to four stations located in the Acapulco City, Mexico, that recorded four earthquakes with epicenter located in the Guerrero Subduction Zone. The site effect estimated for one of the stations, called ACAZ, shows a good agreement with the estimated by Chávez-García et al. (1994) using spectral ratios between the ACAZ station and a rock reference site. Also we compare the response spectra from other earthquake, obtained by the former method and the response spectra computed using the acceleration record. We find an acceptable correlation between them. Chávez-García, J. Cuenca y M. Cárdenas (1994), "Estudio complementario de efectos de sitio en Acapulco

  4. Inhibition of Janus kinase signaling during controlled mechanical ventilation prevents ventilation-induced diaphragm dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Ira J.; Godinez, Guillermo L.; Singh, Baljit K.; McCaughey, Kelly M.; Alcantara, Raniel R.; Gururaja, Tarikere; Ho, Melissa S.; Nguyen, Henry N.; Friera, Annabelle M.; White, Kathy A.; McLaughlin, John R.; Hansen, Derek; Romero, Jason M.; Baltgalvis, Kristen A.; Claypool, Mark D.; Li, Wei; Lang, Wayne; Yam, George C.; Gelman, Marina S.; Ding, Rongxian; Yung, Stephanie L.; Creger, Daniel P.; Chen, Yan; Singh, Rajinder; Smuder, Ashley J.; Wiggs, Michael P.; Kwon, Oh-Sung; Sollanek, Kurt J.; Powers, Scott K.; Masuda, Esteban S.; Taylor, Vanessa C.; Payan, Donald G.; Kinoshita, Taisei; Kinsella, Todd M.

    2014-01-01

    Controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) is associated with the development of diaphragm atrophy and contractile dysfunction, and respiratory muscle weakness is thought to contribute significantly to delayed weaning of patients. Therefore, therapeutic strategies for preventing these processes may have clinical benefit. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in CMV-mediated diaphragm wasting and weakness in rats. CMV-induced diaphragm atrophy and contractile dysfunction coincided with marked increases in STAT3 phosphorylation on both tyrosine 705 (Tyr705) and serine 727 (Ser727). STAT3 activation was accompanied by its translocation into mitochondria within diaphragm muscle and mitochondrial dysfunction. Inhibition of JAK signaling during CMV prevented phosphorylation of both target sites on STAT3, eliminated the accumulation of phosphorylated STAT3 within the mitochondria, and reversed the pathologic alterations in mitochondrial function, reduced oxidative stress in the diaphragm, and maintained normal diaphragm contractility. In addition, JAK inhibition during CMV blunted the activation of key proteolytic pathways in the diaphragm, as well as diaphragm atrophy. These findings implicate JAK/STAT3 signaling in the development of diaphragm muscle atrophy and dysfunction during CMV and suggest that the delayed extubation times associated with CMV can be prevented by inhibition of Janus kinase signaling.—Smith, I. J., Godinez, G. L., Singh, B. K., McCaughey, K. M., Alcantara, R. R., Gururaja, T., Ho, M. S., Nguyen, H. N., Friera, A. M., White, K. A., McLaughlin, J. R., Hansen, D., Romero, J. M., Baltgalvis, K. A., Claypool, M. D., Li, W., Lang, W., Yam, G. C., Gelman, M. S., Ding, R., Yung, S. L., Creger, D. P., Chen, Y., Singh, R., Smuder, A. J., Wiggs, M. P., Kwon, O.-S., Sollanek, K. J., Powers, S. K., Masuda, E. S., Taylor, V. C., Payan, D. G

  5. Effect of apical hyperosmotic sodium challenge and amiloride on sodium transport in human bronchial epithelial cells from cystic fibrosis donors.

    PubMed

    Rasgado-Flores, Hector; Krishna Mandava, Vamsi; Siman, Homayoun; Van Driessche, Willy; Pilewski, Joseph M; Randell, Scott H; Bridges, Robert J

    2013-12-01

    Hypertonic saline (HS) inhalation therapy benefits cystic fibrosis (CF) patients [Donaldson SH, Bennet WD, Zeman KL, Knowles MR, Tarran R, Boucher RC. N Engl J Med 354: 241-250, 2006; Elkins MR, Robinson M, Rose BR, Harbour C, Moriarty CP, Marks GB, Belousova EG, Xuan W, Bye PT; the National Hypertonic Saline in Cystic Fibrosis (NHSCF) Study Group. N Engl J Med 354: 229-240, 2006]. Surprisingly, these benefits are long-lasting and are diminished by the epithelial Na(+) channel blocker amiloride (Donaldson SH, Bennet WD, Zeman KL, Knowles MR, Tarran R, Boucher RC. N Engl J Med 354: 241-250, 2006). Our aim was to explain these effects. Human bronchial epithelial (hBE) cells from CF lungs were grown in inserts and were used in three experimental approaches: 1) Ussing chambers to measure amiloride-sensitive short-circuit currents (INa); 2) continuous perfusion Ussing chambers; and 3) near "thin-film" conditions in which the airway surface of the inserts was exposed to a small volume (30 μl) of isosmotic or HS solution as the inserts were kept in their incubation tray and were subsequently used to measure INa under isosmotic conditions (near thin-film experiments; Tarran R, Boucher RC. Methods Mol Med 70: 479-492, 2002). HS solutions (660 mosmol/kgH2O) were prepared by adding additional NaCl to the isosmotic buffer. The transepithelial short-circuit current (ISC), conductance (GT), and capacitance (CT) were measured by transepithelial impedance analysis (Danahay H, Atherton HC, Jackson AD, Kreindler JL, Poll CT, Bridges RJ. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 290: L558-L569, 2006; Singh AK, Singh S, Devor DC, Frizzell RA, van Driessche W, Bridges RJ. Methods Mol Med 70: 129-142, 2002). Exposure to apical HS inhibited INa, GT, and CT. The INa inhibition required 60 min of reexposure to the isosmotic solution to recover 75%. The time of exposure to HS required to inhibit INa was <2.5 min. Under near thin-film conditions, apical exposure to HS inhibited INa, but as

  6. Numerical modelling of potential submarine landslides and generated tsunami in Sumatra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez-Nieto, E.; Mangeney, A.; Singh, S. C.; Chauhan, A.; Bouchut, F.; Castro Díaz, M.

    2010-12-01

    Recent studies suggests that tsunami risk along the SW coast of Sumatra could be due to co-seismic slip along a backthrust at the NE Margin of the Mentawai Island and associated landslides (Singh et al., 2010). Using a combination of high-resolution seismic reflection and bathymetry data, they observed deposits of large submarine landslides at the NE margin of Mentawai Island and suggest that the high wave that occurred in 1797 might have been enhanced by landslides, producing a large localised tsunami. Until now most of the work devoted to tsunami hazard assessment in the area of Sumatra Island focussed on megaearthquakes earthquakes generated tsunamis. Therefore, estimating the run up heights due to submarine landslides is essential for risk mitigation along the SW coast of Sumatra. A series of numerical scenarios are performed here to simulate potential submarine landslides and generated tsunamis in the area of Sumatra Island. The height and velocity of the water wave and the impact zones are calculated using a new numerical model solving the depth-averaged shallow water equations with high order finite volume methods. This model corresponds to the 2D extension of the model developed by Fernández-Nieto et al., 2008. The fluidized mass is modeled using a generalization of the Savage-Hutter model [Savage and Hutter, 1989] by including the role of buoyancy and fluid into the thin-layer equations with a Coulomb-type friction law. Our model takes into account the coupling between the fluid and the landslides and incorporates the rigorous description of topography effects that play a key role in the dynamics of landslides. We study the magnitude of variation of the wave expected depending on the location and volume released. These results shows that landslide generated tsunamis have to be taken into account for risk assessment in the area of Sumatra Island. E.D. Fernández-Nieto, F. Bouchut, D. Bresch, M.J. Castro, A. Mangeney, 2008. A new Savage-Hutter type model

  7. Low frequency (<1Hz) Large Magnitude Earthquake Simulations in Central Mexico: the 1985 Michoacan Earthquake and Hypothetical Rupture in the Guerrero Gap

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramirez Guzman, L.; Contreras Ruíz Esparza, M.; Aguirre Gonzalez, J. J.; Alcántara Noasco, L.; Quiroz Ramírez, A.

    2012-12-01

    We present the analysis of simulations at low frequency (<1Hz) of historical and hypothetical earthquakes in Central Mexico, by using a 3D crustal velocity model and an idealized geotechnical structure of the Valley of Mexico. Mexico's destructive earthquake history bolsters the need for a better understanding regarding the seismic hazard and risk of the region. The Mw=8.0 1985 Michoacan earthquake is among the largest natural disasters that Mexico has faced in the last decades; more than 5000 people died and thousands of structures were damaged (Reinoso and Ordaz, 1999). Thus, estimates on the effects of similar or larger magnitude earthquakes on today's population and infrastructure are important. Moreover, Singh and Mortera (1991) suggest that earthquakes of magnitude 8.1 to 8.4 could take place in the so-called Guerrero Gap, an area adjacent to the region responsible for the 1985 earthquake. In order to improve previous estimations of the ground motion (e.g. Furumura and Singh, 2002) and lay the groundwork for a numerical simulation of a hypothetical Guerrero Gap scenario, we recast the 1985 Michoacan earthquake. We used the inversion by Mendoza and Hartzell (1989) and a 3D velocity model built on the basis of recent investigations in the area, which include a velocity structure of the Valley of Mexico constrained by geotechnical and reflection experiments, and noise tomography, receiver functions, and gravity-based regional models. Our synthetic seismograms were computed using the octree-based finite element tool-chain Hercules (Tu et al., 2006), and are valid up to a frequency of 1 Hz, considering realistic velocities in the Valley of Mexico ( >60 m/s in the very shallow subsurface). We evaluated the model's ability to reproduce the available records using the goodness-of-fit analysis proposed by Mayhew and Olsen (2010). Once the reliablilty of the model was established, we estimated the effects of a large magnitude earthquake in Central Mexico. We built a

  8. Effects of warm Arabian Sea Surface Temperature on the Summer Monsoon over Peninsular Indian Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janardanan, Rajesh; Mohanakumar, Kesavapillai; Rajanayagam, Lorna

    This study investigates the characteristics of circulation and precipitation during monsoon season over peninsular Indian region, based on the sensitivity experiments performed by a regional climate model for the year 2002. The present study uses a recent version (Version-III) of National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Regional Climate Model (RegCM3). The planetary boundary layer scheme used is that of Holtslag, cumulus parameterization scheme Emanuel of MIT, SUBEX large scale precipitation scheme and BATS ocean flux parameterization scheme. The model is run from 1st May to 30th September. The first month is taken for the spin up. The next four months are taken to study the monsoon. RegCM3 has been integrated at 60 km horizontal resolution over the Indian domain. The experiments are carried out by changing the initial conditions of Sea Surface Temperature by 0.1 degree steps ie. 0.1, 0.2 etc. to 1 degree maximum. The sensitivity experiments showed that the wind strength increases significantly to the northeastern and central parts of India. The change in wind strength is pronounced over the southern peninsula when the Sea Surface Temperature increased by 0.4 degree. The response in precipitation over the peninsular Indian region is also studied. The monsoon circulation features simulated by RegCM3 are compared with those of the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis and the simulated rainfall is validated against observations from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) Key words:- Peninsular India, model integration, Monsoon Rainfall Reference: K. C. chow, Yiming Liu, Johnny C. L. Chan and Yihui Ding, Int. J. Climatol. 26: 1339-1359 (2006) K. C. Chow, Hang-Wai Tong and Johnny C. L. Chan, Clim. Dyn. DOI 10.1007/s00382-007- 0301-6 G. P. Singh, Jai-Ho Oh, Jin-Young Kim and Ok-Yeon Kim; ", SOLA, Vol. 2, pp.29-32 (2006) Dash S. K., Shekhar M. S., Singh G. P. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 86(1-4): 161 (2006)

  9. Synchrotron Radial X-ray Diffraction Studies of Deformation of Polycrystalline MgO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Girard, J.; Tsujino, N.; Mohiuddin, A.; Karato, S. I.

    2016-12-01

    X-ray diffraction analyses have been used for decades to study mechanical properties of polycrystalline samples during in-situ high-pressure deformation. When polycrystalline materials are deformed, stresses develop in grains and lead to lattice distortion. Using X-ray diffraction we can estimate the lattice strain for each (hkl) diffraction plans and calculate the applied stress for each (hkl), using [Singh, 1993] relation. However, this method doesn't take into account plastic anisotropy. As a results of plastic anisotropy present in the material, stress estimated from this method can be largely differ depending on (hkl) diffraction planes [Karato, 2009]. Studying the stress estimate for each (hkl) plane, might help us distinguish dominant deformation mechanisms activated during deformation such as diffusion (we will observe small stress variation as a function of (hkl) diffraction planes) or dislocation creep (we will observe a stress variation as a function of (hkl) diffraction planes that could also give us clues on potential slip system activity). In this study we observed stress evolution in MgO polycrystalline samples deformed under mantle pressure and temperature for (200) and (220) diffraction planes. Using a range MgO grain sizes we were able to control the active deformation mechanism (for e.g. diffusion creep or dislocation creep). For coarse-grained specimens, we observed strong (hkl) dependence of radial strain indicating the operation of dislocation creep. The observed (hkl) dependence changes with pressure suggesting a change in the slip system: at pressures higher than 27 GPa, (200) shows larger stress estimate than (220). In contrast, at lower pressures, (220) shows larger stress estimate than (200). This might indicate a slip system transition in MgO occurring under lower mantle conditions. From {110} plane to {100} plane. This is in good agreement with theoretical predictions and numerical calculation [Amodeo et al., 2012] and has an important

  10. Association of Dermatoglyphic Peculiarities with Dental Caries in Preschool Children of Lucknow, India

    PubMed Central

    Saha, Sabyasachi; Jagannath, GV; Singh, Sanjay; Saha, Sonali; Garg, Nishita

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: Dermatoglyphics refers to study of the intricate dermal ridge configurations on the skin covering the palmar and plantar surfaces of hand and feet. The basis of considering dermatoglyphic patterns as genetic marker for dental caries is that the epithelium of finger buds as well as enamel has ectodermal origin, and both develop at the same time of intrauterine life. Aim: To assess the relationship between fingerprint patterns and dental caries among preschool children of Lucknow city. Study design: This study was of cross-sectional design. Materials and methods: The study group comprised 512 preschool children 2-6 years of age. The prevalence of caries was recorded using "Dentition status and treatment needs" (WHO basic oral health assessment form, 1997). They were divided into three groups as follows: Group I (dmft score = 0-2), group II (dmft score = 3-4) and group III (dmft score ≥5). The handprints of each child were taken using a stamp pad. The fingertip patterns were analyzed according to the classical method and were classified according to the topological method. The frequency of occurrence of type of dermatoglyphic pattern on fingertip of each digit was noted. Statistics: Chi-square test was used to test the significant difference in proportions. Means were compared using Student’s t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) or F-test. Results: Subjects belonging to groups II and III showed maximum occurrence of whorl pattern on all digits. Group I subjects had maximum occurrence of arch pattern. All the variables had statistically significant value, with a degree of divergence of specific dermatoglyphic patterns among all three groups. Conclusion: The dental caries susceptibility of an individual increased with incidence of whorl pattern and it decreased with incidence of arch pattern. How to cite this article: Singh E, Saha S, Jagannath GV, Singh S, Saha S, Garg N. Association of Dermatoglyphic Peculiarities with Dental Caries in

  11. Managing High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema with Oxygen Alone: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Yanamandra, Uday; Nair, Velu; Singh, Surinderpal; Gupta, Amul; Mulajkar, Deepak; Yanamandra, Sushma; Norgais, Konchok; Mukherjee, Ruchira; Singh, Vikrant; Bhattachar, Srinivasa A; Patyal, Sagarika; Grewal, Rajan; Chopra, Bhushan

    2016-12-01

    Yanamandra, Uday, Velu Nair, Surinderpal Singh, Amul Gupta, Deepak Mulajkar, Sushma Yanamandra, Konchok Norgais, Ruchira Mukherjee, Vikrant Singh, Srinivasa A. Bhattachar, Sagarika Patyal, and Rajan Grewal. High-altitude pulmonary edema management: Is anything other than oxygen required? Results of a randomized controlled trial. High Alt Med Biol. 17:294-299, 2016.-Treatment strategies for management of high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) are mainly based on the observational studies with only two randomized controlled trials, thus the practice is very heterogeneous and individualized as per the choice of treating physician. To compare the response to different modalities of therapy in patients with HAPE in a randomized controlled manner. We conducted an open-label, randomized noninferiority trial to compare three modalities of therapy (Therapy 1: supplemental O2 with oral dexamethasone 8 mg q8 hours [n = 42], Therapy 2: supplemental O2 with sustained release oral nifedipine 20 mg q8 hours [n = 41], and Therapy 3: only supplemental O2 [n = 50]). Bed rest was mandated in all patients. The study was conducted in a cohort of previously healthy young lowlander males at an altitude of 3500 m. Baseline characteristics of the patients were comparable in the study arms. Complete response was defined as clinical and radiological resolution of features of HAPE, no oxygen dependency, a normal 6-minute walk test (6MWT) on 2 consecutive days, and normal two-dimensional echocardiography. Results were compared by analysis of variance using SPSS version 16.0. There was no statistical difference in duration of therapy to complete response between the three groups (Therapy 1: 8.1 ± 4.0 days, Therapy 2: 6.7 ± 3.9 days, Therapy 3: 6.8 ± 3.2 days; p = 0.15). There were no deaths in any of the groups. We conclude that oxygen and bed rest alone are adequate therapy for HAPE and that adjuvant pharmacotherapy with either dexamethasone or nifedipine

  12. Therapeutic effect of Artemia enriched with Escherichia coli expressing double-stranded RNA in the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon.

    PubMed

    Thammasorn, Thitiporn; Somchai, Parinyachat; Laosutthipong, Chaowanee; Jitrakorn, Sarocha; Wongtripop, Somjai; Thitamadee, Siripong; Withyachumnarnkul, Boonsirm; Saksmerprome, Vanvimon

    2013-10-01

    We exploited Artemia as a double-stranded (ds)RNA-delivery system to combat viral diseases in shrimp. First, the transformed Escherichia coli (E. coli) expressing red fluorescent protein (RFP) was tested in the Artemia enrichment process. RFP signals detectable in the gut of Artemia under confocal microscope were evident for the successful encapsulation. Second, the Artemia enrichment process was performed using E. coli producing Laem-Singh virus (LSNV)-specific dsRNA, which has been previously shown to inhibit the viral infection in the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon by intramuscular injection and oral administration. The enriched Artemia nauplii were confirmed to contain dsRNA-LSNV by RT-PCR, and were subjected to the feeding test with P. monodon postlarvae. Quantitative RT-PCR indicated that a number of LSNV copies in most of the treated shrimp were, at least, 1000-fold lower than the untreated controls. During 11-17weeks after feeding, average body weight of the treated group was markedly increased relative to the control group. A smaller differential growth rate of the treated group as compared to the control was also noticed. These results suggested that feeding shrimp with the dsRNA-enriched Artemia can eliminate LSNV infection, which is the cause of retarded growth in P. monodon. The present study reveals for the first time the therapeutic effect of dsRNA-enriched Artemia for shrimp disease control. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Mechanism of choline deficiency and membrane alteration in postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome primary skin fibroblasts

    PubMed Central

    Schenkel, Laila C.; Singh, Ratnesh K.; Michel, Vera; Zeisel, Steven H.; da Costa, Kerry-Ann; Johnson, Amy R.; Mudd, Harvey S.; Bakovic, Marica

    2015-01-01

    Fibroblasts from a patient with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), who presented with low plasma choline and betaine, were studied to determine the metabolic characteristics of the choline deficiency. Choline is required for the synthesis of the phospholipid phosphatidylcholine (PC) and for betaine, an important osmoregulator. Here, choline transport, lipid homeostasis, and mitochondria function were analyzed in skin fibroblasts from POTS and compared with control cells. The choline transporter-like protein 1/solute carrier 44A1 (CTL1/SLC44A1) and mRNA expression were 2–3 times lower in POTS fibroblasts, and choline uptake was reduced 60% (P < 0.05). Disturbances of membrane homeostasis were observed by reduced ratios between PC:phosphatidylethanolamine and sphingomyelin:cholesterol, as well as by modified phospholipid fatty acid composition. Choline deficiency also impaired mitochondria function, which was observed by a reduction in oxygen consumption, mitochondrial potential, and glycolytic activity. When POTS cells were treated with choline, transporter was up-regulated, and uptake of choline increased, offering an option for patient treatment. The characteristics of the POTS fibroblasts described here represent a first model of choline and CTL1/SLC44A1 deficiency, in which choline transport, membrane homeostasis, and mitochondrial function are impaired.—Schenkel, L. C., Singh, R. K., Michel, V., Zeisel, S. H., da Costa, K.-A., Johnson, A. R., Mudd, H. S., Bakovic, M. Mechanism of choline deficiency and membrane alteration in postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome primary skin fibroblasts. PMID:25466896

  14. Influence of Delhi Pollution on Aerosol Properties Over Greater Noida

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, M.; Singh, R. P.; Kumar, R.

    2015-12-01

    Influence of Delhi Pollution on Aerosol Properties over Greater NoidaManish Sharma1, Ramesh P. Singh2 and Rajesh Kumar3 1Research and Technology Development Centre, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. 2School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Schmid College of Science, Chapman University, Orange 92866, USA 3School of Basic Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. Delhi capital of India is highly polluted during winter and summer seasons. Due to dominant westerly winds the air mass influence its neighboring city Greater Noida which is located 60 km south east of Delhi. Detailed analysis of multi satellite data and ground observations have been carried out during 2001-2015. The ground observation and satellite data show dynamic aerosol optical parameters over Greater Noida. During winter and summer seasons, dominant westerly wind outflow pollutants of Delhi that mix with the local anthropogenic emissions of Greater Noida influencing aerosol properties at different pressure levels. The characteristics of trace gases and aerosol parameters over Delhi and Greater Noida will be presented. The air quality is severely affected from the outflow of pollutants from Delhi which is threat to people living in the area. Due to dominant winds the air mass further transported towards eastern parts of Indo-Gangetic plains affecting weather conditions of the major cities.

  15. Bacterial growth does require peptidoglycan hydrolases.

    PubMed

    Vollmer, Waldemar

    2012-12-01

    Most bacteria surround their cytoplasmic membrane with a net-like, elastic heteropolymer, the peptidoglycan sacculus, to protect themselves from bursting due to the turgor and to maintain cell shape. It has been assumed that growing bacteria require peptidoglycan hydrolases to open meshes in the peptidoglycan net allowing the insertion of the newly synthesized material for surface expansion. However, peptidoglycan hydrolases essential for bacterial growth have long remained elusive. In this issue of Molecular Microbiology Singh et al. (2012) report the identification in Escherichia coli of three new DD-endopeptidases (Spr, YdhO and YebA) which are collectively required for peptidoglycan growth. Cells depleted of the three enzymes fail to incorporate new peptidoglycan, indicating that the cleavage of cross-links by the new endopeptidases is needed for surface growth of the sacculus. These results are corroborated by recent data showing that Bacillus subtilis cells require the DL-endopeptidase activity of CwlO or LytE for growth.

  16. A reevaluation of the specimens of Mesocoelium (Trematoda: Mesocoeliidae) in the Colección Nacional de Helmintos, Mexico.

    PubMed

    López-García, Ashley Samara; García-Prieto, Luis

    2017-06-02

    Species of Mesocoelium Odhner, 1901 (Digenea) are generally similar and are often difficult to distinguish. Currently there are 42 specimens of this genus held in the Colección Nacional de Helmintos (CNHE) of the Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, which previously have been assigned to three species: M. monas Rudolphi, 1819, M. travassosi Pereira & Cuocolo, 1940 and M. leiperi Bhalerao, 1936. Upon reevaluation of these specimens it was determined that 27, could not be assigned to species level and 15 could only be assigned to body type (carli and leiperi) because of the poor conditions of preservation of the material. The remaining 15 specimens were of sufficient quality to be identified to species and were found to represent M. americanum Harwood, 1932, M. danforthi Hoffman, 1935, M. meggitti Bhalerao, 1927, M. cf. americanum Harwood, 1932, and M. cf. danforthi Hoffman, 1935. Neither M. monas nor M. travassosi could be confirmed among these specimens; however, Mesocoelium meggitti (syn. M. travassosi) was confirmed. Mesocoelium danforthi is recorded for the first time in the Mexican collection. The presence of M. cf. gonocephali Singh, 1967 and M. cf. microon Nicoll, 1914 also among the 15 specimens of sufficient quality to be identified to species, needs to be confirmed through collects of new material. Finally, in future studies, we propose to improve the quality of specimens by fixing them considering the modifications to this process proposed herein, and compliment these morphological studies with molecular studies.

  17. Identification of a new species of Cercospora causing leaf spot disease in Capsicum assamicum in northeastern India.

    PubMed

    Meghvansi, Mukesh K; Khan, Mohammad Haneef; Gupta, Rajeev; Veer, Vijay

    2013-11-01

    Northeastern India is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. However, hot and humid climatic conditions of the region favor growth and development of foliar fungal phytopathogens such as cercosporoid fungi. The genus Cercospora is one of the largest genera of hyphomycetes. Species of Cercospora are known to cause leaf spot disease in several cultivated and non-cultivated plants leading to considerable losses. In this study, we describe a new species of Cercospora which was isolated from the leaves of Naga chilli (Capsicum assamicum Purkayastha & Singh) grown in northeastern India. Comparison of the detailed morphological characteristics along with the DNA sequences for four gene regions, namely actin, calmodulin, histone H3 and translation elongation factor-1α of this isolate, was made with those of some previously reported Cercospora species infecting Capsicum and other similar species of Cercospora from other hosts. The results suggested that our isolate represents an undescribed taxon and warrants the establishment of a new species, Cercospora tezpurensis sp. nov.

  18. Task before Indian Psychiatry Today: Commentary

    PubMed Central

    De Sousa, Avinash

    2016-01-01

    In this commentary on the article, “The Task Before Psychiatry Today Redux: STSPIR,” (Singh, 2014)[20], the author, while agreeing with most of the paper's findings, proposes a rather parallel judgment that intersects at the same paths ahead. There is a need for widespread and easily available essential mental health services in India. Health agenda must focus on spreading and scaling up psychiatric services. There is also a need to spread awareness of psychiatry and mental health and, as a psychiatrist, one must focus on making psychiatry available to a wider audience. Psychiatrists need to maintain a holistic view of psychiatric disorders while viewing them from both a neurobiological and psychosocial perspective. There is a need to revamp psychiatric training in departments with an increase in the thrust toward fostering translational research excellence in various spheres. Psychiatrists must continue to be trained in psychotherapy and practice it regularly. Psychiatric departments need to promote research excellence and focus on reducing brain drain. The practical applications of the tasks set out for psychiatry are more difficult than one can imagine, and a conscientious effort in that direction shall serve for its betterment. The future is bright and psychiatry must work toward making it brighter. PMID:28031626

  19. Magnetism and transport properties of layered rare-earth cobaltates Ln0.3CoO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knížek, K.; Novák, P.; Jirák, Z.; Hejtmánek, J.; Maryško, M.; Buršík, J.

    2015-05-01

    The ab-initio (GGA+U) electronic structure calculations of layered cobaltates Ln0.3CoO2 (Ln = La, Pr, Nd) prepared by ionic exchange from Na0.90CoO2 precursors have been performed. The data are used for numerical modeling of Seebeck coefficient within Boltzmann transport theory using BoltzTraP program [G. K. H. Madsen and D. J. Singh, Comput. Phys. Commun. 175, 67 (2006)], as well as for determination of the crystal field split levels of rare-earth ions using a method based on a transformation of Bloch states into the basis of Wannier functions [P. Novák et al., Phys. Rev. B 87, 205139 (2013)]. An overall agreement with observed magnetism and transport properties is obtained. In particular, the high p-type thermopower is well reproduced in a broad temperature range, but instead of theoretical linear decrease down to the lowest temperatures, the real systems exhibit an anomalous change of Seebeck sign, which might be related to the change of bare metallic carriers into the polaronic ones.

  20. Tracking and Monitoring Oil Slicks Using remote Sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klemas, V. V.

    2011-12-01

    Tracking and Monitoring Oil Slicks Using Remote Sensing Victor Klemas, Ph.D. , College of Earth, Ocean and Environment, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 Abstract Oil spills can harm marine life in the ocean, estuaries and wetlands. To limit the damage by a spill and facilitate cleanup efforts, emergency managers need information on spill location, size and extent, direction and speed of oil movement, wind, current, and wave information for predicting oil drift and dispersion. The main operational data requirements are fast turn-around time and frequent imaging to monitor the dynamics of the spill. Radar and multispectral remote sensors on satellites and aircraft meet most of these requirements by tracking the spilled oil at various resolutions, over wide areas and at frequent intervals. They also provide key inputs to drift prediction models and facilitate targeting of skimming and booming efforts. Satellite data are frequently supplemented by information provided by aircraft, ships and remotely controlled underwater robots. The Sea Princess tanker grounding off the coast of Wales and the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico provide two representative, yet different, scenarios for evaluating the effectiveness of remote sensors during oil spill emergencies. Session NH17: Remote Sensing of Natural Hazards Session Chair: Ramesh P. Singh Sponsor: Natural Hazards (NH)

  1. Induction of human host cell apoptosis by Trichomonas vaginalis cysteine proteases is modulated by parasite exposure to iron.

    PubMed

    Kummer, Shelley; Hayes, Gary R; Gilbert, Robert O; Beach, David H; Lucas, John J; Singh, Bibhuti N

    2008-03-01

    Trichomonas vaginalis is an understudied parasitic organism whose mechanisms of pathogenesis remain unclear. The adherence to host cells, the induction of host cell cytotoxicity and protease activity are all, however, thought to be contributing factors towards the development of the disease. T. vaginalis CP30 is an extracellular fraction containing four cysteine proteases, CP2, CP3, CP4 and CPT that induce apoptosis in primary human vaginal epithelial cells (HVECs) [Sommer U, Costello CE, Hayes GR, Beach DH, Gilbert RO, Lucas JJ, Singh BN. Identification of Trichomonas vaginalis cysteine proteases that induce apoptosis in human vaginal epithelial cells. J Biol Chem 2005; 280: 23853-60]. We now show that CP30, and the induction of HVEC apoptosis are modulated by iron availability in the parasite growth medium. Growth of parasites under high iron conditions results in a decrease in levels of CP30 found in an extracellular soluble fraction (SF), a concomitant decline in protease activity, and a decreased ability of SF to induce host cell death. Conversely, iron restriction leads to an increase in CP30 levels, an increase in CP30 protease activity, and an increased ability to induce HVEC cell death. Iron-loaded lactoferrin, but not transferrin is an effective iron source for parasites. We hypothesize that CP30 induction of host cell apoptosis is crucial for the development of a persistent infection, and that iron plays a determining role in parasite pathogenesis.

  2. Quantal Density Functional Theory (Q-DFT) of Excited States: The State Arbitrariness of the Model Noninteracting Fermion System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slamet, Marlina; Singh, Ranbir; Sahni, Viraht

    2003-03-01

    Within Q-DFT(V. Sahni, L. Massa, R.Singh, and M. Slamet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87), 113002(2001)., the system of electrons in a nondegenerate excited state as described by the schrödinger equation, is transformed to one of noninteracting fermions such that the equivalent excited state density, energy, and ionization potential are obtained. The state of the model fermion system is arbitrary in that it may be in a ground or excited state. (The correaponding local effective potential energies differ, their difference being solely due to Correlation-Kinetic effects.) In either case, the highest occupied eigenvalue is the negative of the ionization potential. We demonstrate the state arbitrariness of the model system by application of Q-DFT to the first excited singlet state of the exactly solvable Hooke's atom. We construct two model systems: one in a singlet ground state (textstyle1s^2), and the other in a singlet first excited state (1s2s). The density and energy obtained from each model are the same as that of the interacting system, with the highest occupied eigenvalue in each case being the negative of the ionization potential.

  3. A molecular model for the active site of S-adenosyl- l-homocysteine hydrolase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeh, Jerry C.; Borchardt, Ronald T.; Vedani, Angelo

    1991-06-01

    S-adenosyl- l-homocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcy hydrolase, EC 3.3.1.1.), a specific target for antiviral drug design, catalyzes the hydrolysis of AdoHcy to adenosine (Ado) and homocysteine (Hcy) as well as the synthesis of AdoHcy from Ado and Hcy. The enzyme isolated from different sources has been shown to contain tightly bound NAD+. Based on the 2.0 Å-resolution X-ray crystal structure of dogfish lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which is functionally homologous to AdoHcy hydrolase, and the primary sequence of rat liver AdoHcy hydrolase, we have derived a molecular model of an extended active site for AdoHcy hydrolase. The computational mutation was performed using the software MUTAR (Yeh et al., University of Kansas, Lawrence), followed by molecular mechanics optimizations using the programs AMBER (Singh et al., University of California, San Francisco) and YETI (Vedani, University of Kansas). Solvation of the model structure was achieved by use of the program SOLVGEN (Jacober, University of Kansas); 56 water molecules were explicitly included in all refinements. Some of these may be involved in the catalytic reaction. We also studied a model of the complex of AdoHcy hydrolase with NAD+, as well as the ternary complexes of the redox reaction catalyzed by AdoHcy hydrolase and has been used to differentiate the relative binding strength of inhibitors.

  4. Fat-specific Protein 27 Inhibits Lipolysis by Facilitating the Inhibitory Effect of Transcription Factor Egr1 on Transcription of Adipose Triglyceride Lipase*

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Maneet; Kaur, Rajween; Lee, Mi-Jeong; Pickering, R. Taylor; Sharma, Vishva Mitra; Puri, Vishwajeet; Kandror, Konstantin V.

    2014-01-01

    Lipolysis in fat tissue represents a major source of circulating fatty acids. Previously, we have found that lipolysis in adipocytes is controlled by early growth response transcription factor Egr1 that directly inhibits transcription of adipose triglyceride lipase, ATGL (Chakrabarti, P., Kim, J. Y., Singh, M., Shin, Y. K., Kim, J., Kumbrink, J., Wu, Y., Lee, M. J., Kirsch, K. H., Fried, S. K., and Kandror, K. V. (2013) Mol. Cell. Biol. 33, 3659–3666). Here we demonstrate that knockdown of the lipid droplet protein FSP27 (a.k.a. CIDEC) in human adipocytes increases expression of ATGL at the level of transcription, whereas overexpression of FSP27 has the opposite effect. FSP27 suppresses the activity of the ATGL promoter in vitro, and the proximal Egr1 binding site is responsible for this effect. FSP27 co-immunoprecipitates with Egr1 and increases its association with and inhibition of the ATGL promoter. Knockdown of Egr1 attenuates the inhibitory effect of FSP27. These results provide a new model of transcriptional regulation of ATGL. PMID:24742676

  5. A Palaeohydrological Shift during Neogene East Antarctic Ice Sheet Retreat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rees-Owen, R. L.; Newton, R.; Ivanovic, R. F.; Francis, J.; Tindall, J. C.; Riding, J. B.

    2015-12-01

    The East Antarctic Ice Sheet is an important driver of global climate, playing a particular role in governing albedo and atmospheric circulation (eg. Singh et al., 2013). Recent evidence from marine sediment and terrestrial glaciovolcanic sequences suggests that the EAIS underwent periodic retreat and collapse in response to warmer climates during the late Neogene (14 to 3 million years ago). Mummified prostrate trees recovered from palaeosols at Oliver Bluffs in the Beardmore Glacier region, Transantarctic Mountains (85° S), represent a rare insight into the terrestrial palaeoclimate during one of these periods of retreat. Prostrate trees are an understudied but useful tool for interrogating endmember (e.g. periglacial) environments at high altitudes and latitudes. We present exciting new palaeoclimate data from the sequence at Oliver Bluffs. δ18O analysis of tree ring cellulose suggests that Antarctic summer palaeoprecipitation was enriched relative to today (-25 to -5‰ for ancient, -35 to -20‰ for modern); consistent with our isotope-enabled general circulation model simulations. The MBT/CBT palaeothermometer gives a summer temperature of 3-6ºC, consistent with other palaeobotanical climate indices. These geological and model data have wide-ranging implications for our understanding of the hydrological cycle during this time period. We present data suggesting that changes in moisture recycling and source region indicate a markedly different hydrological cycle.

  6. Historical Seismograms and Earthquakes of the World

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agnew, Duncan

    From the standpoint of the seismologist studying actual waveforms (as opposed to travel times) a new era began in 1963 with the establishment of the World-Wide Standardized Seismograph Network (WWSSN): Well-calibrated seismograms from all over the world were available from a single data distributor. But the life of this network has been brief compared to the repeat times of great earthquakes; to learn about many of these, we must turn to pre-WWSSN seismograms, which extend back to the start of instrumental seismology around 1900. These seismograms, now termed historical seismograms, are a primary subject of this book, a collection of papers derived from a 1985 International Association of Seismologists and Physicists of the Earth's Interior symposium.These older seismograms often contain detailed waveform data that could not be used when they were made but which can now be modeled to determine earthquake source parameters. Papers by H. Kanamori, by S. K. Singh, and by S. Stein, E. Okal, and D. Wiens review this area; Kanamori's paper has an especially valuable discussion of instrument responses and a useful list of large earthquakes, while Stein et al. show the contibution older data can make to understanding areas of low seismicity. Even seismograms of lower quality can be of value, as K. Abe shows by deriving magnitudes and origin times of Chinese and California earthquakes from 1898 through 1912 using recordings made by undamped seismometers.

  7. The global financial crisis and the Great Recession of 2007-2009.

    PubMed

    Dore, Mohammed H I; Singh, Rajiv G

    2010-07-01

    This paper is a re-examination of the global financial crisis that began in and was accompanied by the most severe recession since the Great Depression. It builds on our earlier paper (Dore and Singh, 2009) and expands its scope. It is divided into parts. The first part deals with the ideological backdrop in which this crisis occurred, namely the belief in the rationality and stability of all markets including the capital markets, called the 'efficient market hypothesis.' The second part is a survey of the role of income distribution and its relations to aggregate spending and the growing role played by credit in the circular flow of income. The third part examines some features of the business cycle expansion phase of to . The fourth part is a brief report on a nonlinear Vector Error Correction model spanning the period to and how this expansion came to an end. The fifth part is a brief comparison of the Great Recession with the Great Depression. Finally in the sixth part, the international impact of the Great Recession is considered briefly, followed by some conclusions.

  8. Magnetism and transport properties of layered rare-earth cobaltates Ln{sub 0.3}CoO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Knížek, K. Novák, P.; Jirák, Z.; Hejtmánek, J.; Maryško, M.; Buršík, J.

    2015-05-07

    The ab-initio (GGA+U) electronic structure calculations of layered cobaltates Ln{sub 0.3}CoO{sub 2} (Ln = La, Pr, Nd) prepared by ionic exchange from Na{sub 0.90}CoO{sub 2} precursors have been performed. The data are used for numerical modeling of Seebeck coefficient within Boltzmann transport theory using BoltzTraP program [G. K. H. Madsen and D. J. Singh, Comput. Phys. Commun. 175, 67 (2006)], as well as for determination of the crystal field split levels of rare-earth ions using a method based on a transformation of Bloch states into the basis of Wannier functions [P. Novák et al., Phys. Rev. B 87, 205139 (2013)]. An overall agreement with observed magnetism and transport properties is obtained. In particular, the high p-type thermopower is well reproduced in a broad temperature range, but instead of theoretical linear decrease down to the lowest temperatures, the real systems exhibit an anomalous change of Seebeck sign, which might be related to the change of bare metallic carriers into the polaronic ones.

  9. Biofilm Formation by Drug Resistant Enterococci Isolates Obtained from Chronic Periodontitis Patients

    PubMed Central

    Mehta, Manjula; Sood, Shaveta; Sharma, Jyoti

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Enterococci are an important cause of opportunistic nosocomial infections and several multidrug resistant strains have emerged. The severity of periodontal diseases is managed by reduction in the pathogenic bacteria. There is a need to assess the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of enterococci colonizing the periodontal pocket and correlate its biofilm formation ability because oral biofilms provide a protective environment and are a reservoir of bacterial colonization of the gingival crevice. Aim To investigate possible association between antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm formation in enterococci isolates from chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was conducted at Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Punjab University, Chandigarh from January 2015 to October 2015. Sterile paper points were inserted in the periodontal pocket of 100 subjects and put in a transport media. Forty -six isolates were identified as enterococci. The isolates were further examined for their ability to form biofilm by microtitre plate assay and antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done by disc diffusion method for clinically relevant antibiotics. Results Significant relationship (p<0.001) was found between biofilm production with antibiotic resistance to Vancomycin, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Tiecoplanin, Amoxycillin and Gentamycin. Conclusion The study demonstrates a high propensity among the isolates of Enterococci to form biofilm and a significant association of biofilm with multiple drug resistance. PMID:28273964

  10. Detection of DNA damage by the alkaline comet assay after exposure to low-dose gamma radiation.

    PubMed

    Malyapa, R S; Bi, C; Ahern, E W; Roti Roti, J L

    1998-04-01

    The alkaline comet assay as described by Olive et al. (Exp. Cell Res. 198, 259-267, 1992) was used to detect DNA damage in cells exposed to low doses (0-5 cGy) of gamma radiation. Experiments were performed using lymphocytes isolated from whole blood of rats. The comet parameters, normalized comet moment and comet length, described by Kent et al. (Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 67, 655-660, 1995), were used as measurements of DNA damage. It was observed that the alkaline comet assay can detect DNA damage at doses as low as 0.6 cGy. The results of the experiments using low-dose gamma radiation are comparable with published results obtained using the alkaline comet assay according to the method of Singh et al. (Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 66, 23-28, 1994). Based on this observation and analysis of results published previously, we conclude that the version of the alkaline comet assay described by Olive et al. is as sensitive as other modifications of the comet assay reported in literature for the detection of DNA damage in cells exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation.

  11. Optimizing Available Phosphorus in Calcareous Soils Fertilized with Diammonium Phosphate and Phosphoric Acid Using Freundlich Adsorption Isotherm

    PubMed Central

    Akhtar, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    In calcareous soils, phosphorus (P) retention and immobilization take place due to precipitation and adsorption. Since soil pH is considered a major soil variable affecting the P sorption, an acidic P fertilizer could result in low P adsorption compared to alkaline one. Therefore, P adsorption from DAP and phosphoric acid (PA) required to produce desired soil solution P concentration was estimated using Freundlich sorption isotherms. Two soils from Faisalabad and T. T. Singh districts were spiked with 0, 10, and 20 % CaCO3 for 15 days. Freundlich adsorption isotherms (P = aC b/a) were constructed, and theoretical doses of PA and DAP to develop a desired soil solution P level (i.e., 0.20 mg L−1) were calculated. It was observed that P adsorption in soil increased with CaCO3. Moreover, at all the levels of CaCO3, P adsorption from PA was lower compared to that from DAP in both the soils. Consequently, lesser quantity of PA was required to produce desired solution P, 0.2 mg L−1, compared to DAP. However, extrapolating the developed relationship between soil CaCO3 contents and quantity of fertilizer to other similar textured soils needs confirmation. PMID:24307878

  12. Active Terahertz Metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Antoinette

    2011-03-01

    In recent years terahertz technology has become an optimistic candidate for numerous sensing, imaging, and diagnostic applications. Nevertheless, THz technology still suffers from a deficiency in high-power sources, efficient detectors, and other functional devices ubiquitous in neighboring microwave and infrared frequency bands, such as amplifiers, modulators, and switches. One of the greatest obstacles in this progress is the lack of materials that naturally respond well to THz radiation. The potential of metamaterials for THz applications originates from their resonant electromagnetic response, which significantly enhances their interaction with THz radiation. Thus, metamaterials offer a route towards helping to fill the so-called ``THz gap''. Here, we present a series of novel THz metamaterials. Importantly, the critical dependence of the resonant response on the supporting substrate and/or the fabricated structure enables the creation of active THz metamaterial devices. We show that the resonant response can be controlled using optical or electrical excitation and thermal tuning, enabling efficient THz devices which will be of importance for advancing numerous real world THz applications. We acknowledge contribution to this work from H. Chen, J. O'Hara, A. Azad, J. Zhou, R. Singh, M. Reiten, and D. Chowdhury of the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies.

  13. Where have all the flowers gone: deforestation in the Third World

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    The papers in this issue (and in its companion issue) describe tropical forest destruction and analyze implications at several levels. The contributions are representative of the major regions of the tropical moist forests (TMFs) - Amazonia, Africa, and Indo-Malaysia - and reveal a process whose ramifications will affect all parts and components of the biosphere. The authors and titles of the 13 paprs are: Norman Myers, Deforestation in the Tropics: Who Gains, Who Loses; William M. Denevan, Swiddens and Cattle Versus Forest: The Imminent Demise of the Amazon Rain Forest Reexamined; Stephen G. Bunker, Impact of Deforestation on Peasant Communities in the Medio Amazonas of Brazil; Susanna B. Hecht, Deforestation in the Amazon Basin: Magnitude, Dynamics and Soil-Resource Effects; K. Twum-Barima, Forests of Ghana - A Diminishing Asset; J. Leroy Deval (English abstract), Man and Development in the Forests of Gabon; J. Leroy Deval, L'Homme et Le Developpement de La Foret du Gabon Dans Le Passe; Faustin Legault (English Translation), Reforestation in the Republic of Gabon; Faustin Legault, Le Reboisement en Republique Gabonaise; Peter S. Ashton, Forest Conditions in the Tropics of Asia and the Far East; Gurmit Singh K.S., Destroying Malaysian Forests; Kuswata Kartawinata, Environmental Consequences of Tree Removal from the Forest in Indonesia; and Robert Goodland, Indonesia's Environmental Progress in Economic Development.

  14. Generalized monotonic regression using random change points.

    PubMed

    Holmes, C C; Heard, N A

    2003-02-28

    We introduce a procedure for generalized monotonic curve fitting that is based on a Bayesian analysis of the isotonic regression model. Conventional isotonic regression fits monotonically increasing step functions to data. In our approach we treat the number and location of the steps as random. For each step level we adopt the conjugate prior to the sampling distribution of the data as if the curve was unconstrained. We then propose to use Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation to draw samples from the unconstrained model space and retain only those samples for which the monotonic constraint holds. The proportion of the samples collected for which the constraint holds can be used to provide a value for the weight of evidence in terms of Bayes factors for monotonicity given the data. Using the samples, probability statements can be made about other quantities of interest such as the number of change points in the data and posterior distributions on the location of the change points can be provided. The method is illustrated throughout by a reanalysis of the leukaemia data studied by Schell and Singh. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 42

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Jun; Singh, Balraj

    2016-07-15

    The experimental data are evaluated for known nuclides of mass number A = 42 (Al, Si, P, S, Cl, Ar, K, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr). Detailed evaluated level properties and related information are presented, including adopted values of level and γ–ray energies, decay data (energies, intensities and placement of radiations), and other spectroscopic data. This work supersedes earlier full evaluations of A = 42 published by B. Singh, J.A. Cameron – Nucl.Data Sheets 92, 1 (2001) and P.M. Endt – Nucl. Phys. A521, 1 (1990); Errata and Addenda Nucl. Phys. A529, 763 (1991); Errata Nucl. Phys. A564, 609 (1993) (also P.M. Endt – Nucl. Phys. A633, 1 (1998) update). No excited states are known in {sup 42}Al, {sup 42}P, {sup 42}V and {sup 42}Cr, and structure information for {sup 42}Si and {sup 42}S is quite limited. There are no decay schemes available for the decay of {sup 42}Al, {sup 42}Si, {sup 42}P, {sup 42}V and {sup 42}Cr, while the decay schemes of {sup 42}Cl and {sup 42}Ti are incomplete in view of scarcity of data, and large gap between their Q–values and the highest energy levels populated in corresponding daughter nuclei. Structures of {sup 42}Ca, {sup 42}K, {sup 42}Sc and {sup 42}Ar nuclides remain the most extensively studied via many different nuclear reactions and decays.

  16. Clinical relevance of radiologic examination of the skeleton and bone density measurements in osteoporosis of old age

    SciTech Connect

    Kuester, W.; Seidl, G.; Linkesch, W.; Kotscher, E.; Kovarik, J.; Willvonseder, R.; Kovarik, J.; Willvonseder, R.; Dorda, W.

    1981-10-01

    For the diagnosis of primary osteoporosis, various semiquantitative radiologic methods were compared in 149 unselected patients, aged over 50 years. Crush fracture syndrome (CFS), lumbar spine index (LSI), and Singh Index (SI) were assessed by three radiologists and after reevaluation, the intra- and interobserver errors were calculated. The reliability of the subjective grading was improved by joint and repeated reading of the radiographs. Additionally, the peripheral trabecular bone content was measured by photon absorption densitometry (PAD). To test the value of the various semiquantitative methods. LSI, Si, and PAD have been compared with sex-matching before and after separation into age in decades in CFS-positive and CFS-negative patients. In an attempt to differentiate osteoporotics and non-osteoporotics by CFS, our results indicate that CFS-positive and CFS-negative males cannot be separated by LSI, Si, and PAD, whereas in females these methods can discriminate irrespective of the age in decades. However, in age related groups, only SI can discriminate significantly between CFS-positive and CFS-negative females. Correlation of the semiquantitative methods, regardless of the diagnosis of a CFS, revealed a significant correlation-between SI and PAD, but no correlation between LSI and SI, and LSI and PAD, respectively.

  17. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device.

    PubMed

    Singh, Devinder K; Bailey, Martin; Lee, Raymond

    2010-01-01

    Singh DK, Bailey M, Lee R. Biplanar measurement of thoracolumbar curvature in older adults using an electromagnetic tracking device. To develop a new biplanar method of thoracolumbar curvature measurement by using an electromagnetic tracking device and to study the effects of aging on the thoracolumbar curvature. Cross-sectional study. Human movement laboratory. Healthy (N=52, 26 younger and 26 older) volunteers. Not applicable. An electromagnetic tracking device was used to trace the thoracolumbar curvature by recording the positions of the spinous processes of the spine. The coordinates of the curvature were fitted with polynomial equations, and the magnitudes of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and lateral thoracic and lumbar curves were determined. The present technique was shown to be highly reliable in measuring thoracolumbar curvature with an intraclass correlation coefficient of more than .90. The mean thoracic kyphosis (-46.95 degrees +/-11.41 degrees ) in the older adults was significantly larger than that in the younger adults (-38.82 degrees +/-9.86 degrees ) (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences in lumbar lordosis and lateral curvatures between the 2 subject groups. The present study provided evidence of an increase in thoracic kyphosis in older adults. The method of measurement presented in this study was found to provide reliable biplanar data that will be useful in a clinical setting. Copyright (c) 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Zebrafish adult pigment stem cells are multipotent and form pigment cells by a progressive fate restriction process: Clonal analysis identifies shared origin of all pigment cell types.

    PubMed

    Kelsh, Robert N; Sosa, Karen C; Owen, Jennifer P; Yates, Christian A

    2017-03-01

    Skin pigment pattern formation is a paradigmatic example of pattern formation. In zebrafish, the adult body stripes are generated by coordinated rearrangement of three distinct pigment cell-types, black melanocytes, shiny iridophores and yellow xanthophores. A stem cell origin of melanocytes and iridophores has been proposed although the potency of those stem cells has remained unclear. Xanthophores, however, seemed to originate predominantly from proliferation of embryonic xanthophores. Now, data from Singh et al. shows that all three cell-types derive from shared stem cells, and that these cells generate peripheral neural cell-types too. Furthermore, clonal compositions are best explained by a progressive fate restriction model generating the individual cell-types. The numbers of adult pigment stem cells associated with the dorsal root ganglia remain low, but progenitor numbers increase significantly during larval development up to metamorphosis, likely via production of partially restricted progenitors on the spinal nerves. © 2016 The Authors BioEssays Published by WILEY Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Persistence and effect of processing on reduction of chlorpyriphos residues in okra fruits.

    PubMed

    Samriti; Chauhan, Reena; Kumari, Beena

    2011-08-01

    Residue levels of chlorpyriphos were determined in unprocessed and processed okra fruits to evaluate the effect of different processes (washing and washing followed by boiling/cooking) on reduction of residues of this pesticide in okra. The study was carried out on okra crop (Variety, Varsha Uphar) in research farm of Chaudhary Charan Singh, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar with application of chlorpyriphos (Radar 20 EC) at 200 g a.i./ha and 400g a.i./ha (Single Dose, T(1)) and 400 g a.i./ha (Double Dose, T(2)). Samples of okra fruits were collected on 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15 days and at harvest after treatment. Residues were estimated by GC-ECD system and reached BDL of 0.010 mg kg(-1) on 7th and 15th day in case of single and double dose, respectively. The residues dissipated with half-life period of 3.15 days at lower dose and 3.46 days at higher dose following biphasic first order kinetics. Processing was found very effective in reducing the levels of chlorpyriphos residues in okra fruits. Maximum reduction (64-77%) was observed by washing + boiling followed by washing (13-35%).

  20. Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) Developed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steele, Gynelle C.

    2001-01-01

    Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) is a method for joining high temperature- resistant ceramic pieces together, establishing joints that are strong, and allowing joining to be done in the field. This new way of joining allows complex shapes to be formed by joining together geometrically simple shapes. The joining technology at NASA is one of the enabling technologies for the application of silicon-carbide-based ceramic and composite components in demanding and high-temperature applications. The technology is being developed and tested for high-temperature propulsion parts for aerospace use. Commercially, it can be used for joining ceramic pieces used for high temperature applications in the power-generating and chemical industries, as well as in the microelectronics industry. This innovation could yield big payoffs for not only the power-generating industry but also the Silicon Valley chipmakers. This technology, which was developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center by Dr. Mrityunjay Singh, is a two-step process involving first using a paste to join together ceramic pieces and bonding them by heating the joint to 110 to 120 C for between 10 and 20 min. This makes the joint strong enough to be handled for the final joining. Then, a silicon-based substance is applied to the joint and heated to 1400 C for 10 to 15 min. The resulting joint is as strong as the original ceramic material and can withstand the same high temperatures.

  1. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 2. The Quark

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-07

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 2. The Quark "Three Quarks for Master Mark! Sure he hasn't got much of a bark." James Joyce's Finnegans Wake left its mark on modern physics when physicist Murray Gell Mann proposed this name for a group of hypothetical subatomic particles that were revealed in 1960 as the fundamental units of matter. Basic particles it seems are made up of even more basic units called quarks that make up 99.9% of visible material in the universe.. But why do we know so little about them? Quarks have never been seen as free particles but instead, inextricably bound together by the Strong Force that in turn holds the atomic nucleus together. This is the hardest of Nature's fundamental forces to crack, but recent theoretical advances, mean that the properties of the quark are at last being revealed.

  2. Pirfenidone exerts antifibrotic effects through inhibition of GLI transcription factors.

    PubMed

    Didiasova, Miroslava; Singh, Rajeev; Wilhelm, Jochen; Kwapiszewska, Grazyna; Wujak, Lukasz; Zakrzewicz, Dariusz; Schaefer, Liliana; Markart, Philipp; Seeger, Werner; Lauth, Matthias; Wygrecka, Malgorzata

    2017-02-01

    Pirfenidone is an antifibrotic drug, recently approved for the treatment of patients suffering from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Although pirfenidone exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antifibrotic properties, the molecular mechanism underlying its protective effects remains unknown. Here, we link pirfenidone action with the regulation of the profibrotic hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. We demonstrate that pirfenidone selectively destabilizes the glioma-associated oncogene homolog (GLI)2 protein, the primary activator of Hh-mediated gene transcription. Consequently, pirfenidone decreases overall Hh pathway activity in patients with IPF and in patient-derived primary lung fibroblasts and leads to diminished levels of Hh target genes such as GLI1, Hh receptor Patched-1, α-smooth muscle actin, and fibronectin and to reduced cell migration and proliferation. Interestingly, Hh-triggered TGF-β1 expression potentiated Hh responsiveness of primary lung fibroblasts by elevating the available pool of glioma-associated oncogene homolog (GLI)1/GLI2, thus creating a vicious cycle of amplifying fibrotic processes. Because GLI transcription factors are not only crucial for Hh-mediated changes but are also required as mediators of TGF-β signaling, our findings suggest that pirfenidone exerts its clinically beneficial effects through dual Hh/TGF-β inhibition by targeting the GLI2 protein.-Didiasova, M., Singh, R., Wilhelm, J., Kwapiszewska, G., Wujak, L., Zakrzewicz, D., Schaefer, L., Markart, P., Seeger, W., Lauth, M., Wygrecka, M. Pirfenidone exerts antifibrotic effects through inhibition of GLI transcription factors.

  3. Triplet proximity effect in superconducting heterostructures with a half-metallic layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mironov, S.; Buzdin, A.

    2015-11-01

    We present the Usadel theory describing the superconducting proximity effect in heterostructures with a half-metallic layer. It is shown that the full spin polarization inside the half-metals gives rise to an additional component of the Green's function which results in the giant triplet spin-valve effect in superconductor (S)-ferromagnet (F)-half-metal (HM) trilayers and provides a natural explanation for the φ0-junction formation in the S/F/HM/F/S systems. In addition, we consider the exactly solvable model of the S/F/HM trilayers of atomic thickness and demonstrate that it reproduces the main features of the spin-valve effect found within the Usadel approach. Our results are shown to be in qualitative agreement with the recent experimental data on the spin-valve effect in MoGe /Ni /Cu /CrO2 hybrids [Singh et al., Phys. Rev. X 5, 021019 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevX.5.021019].

  4. A measure of scale-dependent asymmetry in turbulent boundary layer flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guala, Michele; Singh, Arvind

    2015-11-01

    The distribution of scale-dependent, streamwise velocity increments is investigated in turbulent boundary layer flows at laboratory and atmospheric Reynolds number, using the SAFL wind tunnel (Singh et al. Phys. of Fluids 2014) and the SLTEST data (Metzger et al. Phil. Trans Royal Soc. A 2007). The third order moments of velocity increments, or asymmetry index As(a,z), is computed for varying wall distance z and scale separation a, where it was observed to leave a robust, distinct signature in the form of a hump, independent of Reynolds number and located across the inertial subrange. The hump is observed for z + <5000, with a tendency to increase in amplitude, and shift towards smaller timescales, as the wall is approached. Comparing the two datasets, the hump vertical location, obeying to inner wall scaling, is regarded to as a genuine feature of the canonical turbulent boundary layer. The magnitude cumulant analysis of the scale-dependent velocity increments indicates that intermittency is also enhanced in the same flow region. The combination of asymmetry and intermittency is inferred to point at non-local energy transfer across a range of scales and may thus be used to quantify interactions between structural types in boundary layer flows.

  5. Adiabatic channel capture theory applied to cold atom-molecule reactions: Li + CaH \\to LiH + Ca at 1K

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tscherbul, Timur V.; Buchachenko, Alexei A.

    2015-03-01

    We use quantum and classical adiabatic capture theories to study the chemical reaction Li + CaH \\to LiH + Ca. Using a recently developed ab initio potential energy surface, which provides an accurate representation of long-range interactions in the entrance reaction channel, we calculate the adiabatic channel potentials by diagonalizing the Li-CaH Hamiltonian as a function of the atom-molecule separation. The resulting adiabatic channel potentials are used to calculate both the classical and quantum capture probabilities as a function of collision energy, as well as the temperature dependencies of the partial and total reaction rates. The calculated reaction rate agrees well with the measured value at 1 K (V Singh et al 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 203201), suggesting that the title reaction proceeds without an activation barrier. The calculated classical adiabatic capture rate agrees well with the quantum result in the multiple-partial-wave regime of relevance to the experiment. Significant differences are found only in the ultracold limit (T\\lt 1 mK), demonstrating that adiabatic capture theories can predict the reaction rates with nearly quantitative accuracy in the multiple-partial-wave regime.

  6. 23 Na and 17O NMR studies of hyperkagome Na4Ir3O8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shockley, Abigail; Bert, Fabrice; Orain, Jean-Christophe; Okamoto, Yoshihiko; Mendels, Philippe

    2015-03-01

    Na4Ir3O8 is a unique case of a 3D corner sharing triangular lattice which can be decorated with quantum spins. It has spurred a lot of theoretical interest as a spin liquid candidate of a new kind where the Hamiltonian might not be thought in terms of a simple Heisenberg case because of spin orbit coupling on the Ir 5d element. We present a comprehensive set of NMR data taken on both the 23Na and 17O sites. We have found that magnetic freezing of all Ir sites sets in below Tf ~ 7.5K ~ 0 . 019 J with a clear hyperfine field transferred from Ir moments and a drastic decrease of 1 /T1 . Above Tf, physical properties are expected to be a landmark of frustration in this exotic geometry. We will discuss our shift and relaxation data in the temperature range of 300K to 7.5 K in the light of published thermodynamic measurements (Y. Okamotoa et al, PRL 99 137207, 2007 and Y. Singh et al, PRB 88 220413(R), 2013) and comment on their implications for the already existing large body of theoretical work.

  7. Investigation on the forced response of a radial turbine under aerodynamic excitations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Chaochen; Huang, Zhi; Qi, Mingxu

    2016-04-01

    Rotor blades in a radial turbine with nozzle guide vanes typically experience harmonic aerodynamic excitations due to the rotor stator interaction. Dynamic stresses induced by the harmonic excitations can result in high cycle fatigue (HCF) of the blades. A reliable prediction method for forced response issue is essential to avoid the HCF problem. In this work, the forced response mechanisms were investigated based on a fluid structure interaction (FSI) method. Aerodynamic excitations were obtained by three-dimensional unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation with phase shifted periodic boundary conditions. The first two harmonic pressures were determined as the primary components of the excitation and applied to finite element (FE) model to conduct the computational structural dynamics (CSD) simulation. The computed results from the harmonic forced response analysis show good agreement with the predictions of Singh's advanced frequency evaluation (SAFE) diagram. Moreover, the mode superposition method used in FE simulation offers an efficient way to provide quantitative assessments of mode response levels and resonant strength.

  8. The Effect of Nickel on the Strength of Hcp-Iron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reagan, M. M.; Gleason, A. E.; Mao, W. L.

    2015-12-01

    Hydrostatic nuclear resonance inelastic x-ray scattering coupled with non-hydrostatic radial x-ray diffraction measurements can be used to determine the shear strength of Fe-bearing materials at core pressures. Using the Singh et al. formalism (2006), the bulk shear strength (t) of a material is related to its shear modulus(G) and to the average differential strain () over all measured lattice planes (hkl) by t = 6G. We followed an existing framework (Gleason & Mao, 2013) and extend the strength determinations to investigate the effect of nickel on the strength of iron at high pressure. We collected radial X-ray diffraction data on Fe90Ni10 and Fe80Ni20 using a panoramic diamond anvil cell with an X-ray transparent gasket to 100 GPa. This data was combined with existing NRIXS data (Lin 2003) to calculate the strength of these compounds. From this we extrapolated the strength of these iron-nickel alloys to deep earth pressures to give a new constraint on the strength of the inner core. Gaining a better understanding of the strength of iron and its alloys at high pressures can shed light on the strength of the inner core and provide insight into the deformation processes operating in the most remote region of our planet.

  9. On Statistical Methods for Common Mean and Reference Confidence Intervals in Interlaboratory Comparisons for Temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witkovský, Viktor; Wimmer, Gejza; Ďuriš, Stanislav

    2015-08-01

    We consider a problem of constructing the exact and/or approximate coverage intervals for the common mean of several independent distributions. In a metrological context, this problem is closely related to evaluation of the interlaboratory comparison experiments, and in particular, to determination of the reference value (estimate) of a measurand and its uncertainty, or alternatively, to determination of the coverage interval for a measurand at a given level of confidence, based on such comparison data. We present a brief overview of some specific statistical models, methods, and algorithms useful for determination of the common mean and its uncertainty, or alternatively, the proper interval estimator. We illustrate their applicability by a simple simulation study and also by example of interlaboratory comparisons for temperature. In particular, we shall consider methods based on (i) the heteroscedastic common mean fixed effect model, assuming negligible laboratory biases, (ii) the heteroscedastic common mean random effects model with common (unknown) distribution of the laboratory biases, and (iii) the heteroscedastic common mean random effects model with possibly different (known) distributions of the laboratory biases. Finally, we consider a method, recently suggested by Singh et al., for determination of the interval estimator for a common mean based on combining information from independent sources through confidence distributions.

  10. High-wavenumber solar f-mode strengthening prior to active region formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Nishant; Raichur, Harsha; Brandenburg, Axel

    2016-05-01

    We report a systematic strengthening of the local solar surface mode, i.e. the f-mode, 1-2 days prior to the emergence of an active region (AR) in the same (corotating) location while no indication can yet be seen in the magnetograms. Our study is motivated by earlier numerical findings of Singh et al. (2014) which showed that, in the presence of a nonuniform magnetic field that is concentrated a few scale heights below the surface, the f-mode fans out in the diagnostic kΩ diagram at high wavenumbers. Here we explore this possibility using data from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, and show for four ARs 11130, 11158, 11768, and 12051, that at large latitudinal wavenumbers (corresponding to horizontal scales of around 3000 km), the f-mode displays strengthening about two days prior to AR formation and thus provides a new precursor for AR formation. The idea that the f-mode is perturbed days before any visible magnetic activity occurs on the surface can be important in constraining dynamo models aimed at understanding the global magnetic activity of the Sun.

  11. Evaluation of the Majorana phases of a general Majorana neutrino mass matrix: Testability of hierarchical flavour models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samanta, Rome; Chakraborty, Mainak; Ghosal, Ambar

    2016-03-01

    We evaluate the Majorana phases for a general 3 × 3 complex symmetric neutrino mass matrix on the basis of Mohapatra-Rodejohann's phase convention using the three rephasing invariant quantities I12, I13 and I23 proposed by Sarkar and Singh. We find them interesting as they allow us to evaluate each Majorana phase in a model independent way even if one eigenvalue is zero. Utilizing the solution of a general complex symmetric mass matrix for eigenvalues and mixing angles we determine the Majorana phases for both the hierarchies, normal and inverted, taking into account the constraints from neutrino oscillation global fit data as well as bound on the sum of the three light neutrino masses (Σimi) and the neutrinoless double beta decay (ββ0ν) parameter |m11 |. This methodology of finding the Majorana phases is applied thereafter in some predictive models for both the hierarchical cases (normal and inverted) to evaluate the corresponding Majorana phases and it is shown that all the sub cases presented in inverted hierarchy section can be realized in a model with texture zeros and scaling ansatz within the framework of inverse seesaw although one of the sub cases following the normal hierarchy is yet to be established. Except the case of quasi degenerate neutrinos, the methodology obtained in this work is able to evaluate the corresponding Majorana phases, given any model of neutrino masses.

  12. Environmental Applications of Nanotechnology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keller, Arturo A.

    2014-07-01

    Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are currently used in many applications including agriculture (Gruère, 2012; Khot et al. 2012; Lopez-Moreno et al. 2010; Peralta-Videa et al. 2011; Zhao et al. 2012), aerogels (Bigall et al. 2009), aerospace (Baur and Silverman, 2007), automotive (Coelho et al. 2012; Presting and König, 2003; Salonitis et al. 2010), catalysts (Zhou et al. 2011), coatings, paints and pigments (Dhoke et al. 2009; Gopalakrishnan et al. 2011; Khanna, 2008), composites (Borchardt, 2003; Khanna and Bakshi, 2009; Petrov and Georgiev, 2012; Sahoo et al. 2010), construction (Lee et al. 2010), cosmetics (Musee, 2011; Sabitha et al. 2012; Singh and Nanda, 2012), electronics and optics (Alda et al. 2005; Avasthi et al. 2007; Song et al. 2012; Subramanian and Takhee, 2012), energy (Serrano et al. 2009), environmental remediation (Dionysiou 2004; Khin et al. 2012), filtration and purification (Dhakras, 2011; Savage and Diallo, 2005), food products (Blasco and Picó, 2011; Weiss et al. 2006), medical (Boisseau and Loubaton, 2011; Farokhzad and Langer, 2006), packaging (Silvestre et al. 2011), paper and board (Kharisov and Kharissova, 2010), plastics, security (Marín and Merkoçi, 2012), sensors (Ding et al. 2010; Duncan et al. 2012; Su et al. 2012; Tan et al. 2012), and textiles (Qian and Hinestroza, 2004; Wong et al. 2006), and research is underway on many new applications...

  13. Clausius-Clapeyron Scaling of Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) in Cloud-Resolving Simulations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seeley, J.; Romps, D. M.

    2015-12-01

    Recent work by Singh and O'Gorman has produced a theory for convective available potential energy (CAPE) in radiative-convective equilibrium. In this model, the atmosphere deviates from a moist adiabat—and, therefore, has positive CAPE—because entrainment causes evaporative cooling in cloud updrafts, thereby steepening their lapse rate. This has led to the proposal that CAPE increases with global warming because the strength of evaporative cooling scales according to the Clausius-Clapeyron (CC) relation. However, CAPE could also change due to changes in cloud buoyancy and changes in the entrainment rate, both of which could vary with global warming. To test the relative importance of changes in CAPE due to CC scaling of evaporative cooling, changes in cloud buoyancy, and changes in the entrainment rate, we subject a cloud-resolving model to a suite of natural (and unnatural) forcings. We find that CAPE changes are primarily driven by changes in the strength of evaporative cooling; the effect of changes in the entrainment rate and cloud buoyancy are comparatively small. This builds support for CC scaling of CAPE.

  14. Mapping Variation in Vegetation Functioning with Imaging Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Townsend, P. A.; Couture, J. J.; Kruger, E. L.; Serbin, S.; Singh, A.

    2015-12-01

    Imaging spectroscopy (otherwise known as hyperspectral remote sensing) offers the potential to characterize the spatial and temporal variation in biophysical and biochemical properties of vegetation that can be costly or logistically difficult to measure comprehensively using traditional methods. A number of recent studies have illustrated the capacity for imaging spectroscopy data, such as from NASA's AVIRIS sensor, to empirically estimate functional traits related to foliar chemistry and physiology (Singh et al. 2015, Serbin et al. 2015). Here, we present analyses that illustrate the implications of those studies to characterize within-field or -stand variability in ecosystem functioning. In agricultural ecosystems, within-field photosynthetic capacity can vary by 30-50%, likely due to within-field variations in water availability and soil fertility. In general, the variability of foliar traits is lower in forests than agriculture, but can still be significant. Finally, we demonstrate that functional trait variability at the stand scale is strongly related to vegetation diversity. These results have two significant implications: 1) reliance on a small number of field samples to broadly estimate functional traits likely underestimates variability in those traits, and 2) if trait estimations from imaging spectroscopy are reliable, such data offer the opportunity to greatly increase the density of measurements we can use to predict ecosystem function.

  15. Analytical investigation of the SAFE diagram for bladed wheels, numerical and experimental validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertini, L.; Neri, P.; Santus, C.; Guglielmo, A.; Mariotti, G.

    2014-09-01

    Compressor and turbine bladed wheels interact with the fluid distributed by the stator vanes. They are subject to vibration and fatigue loading, especially when resonance conditions are excited. Avoiding resonance is fundamental when designing bladed wheels. The Campbell diagram approach is too conservative since bladed wheels show many close frequency natural modes, thus it is almost impossible to avoid frequency matching. Singh's Advanced Frequency Evaluation (SAFE) diagram, or interference diagram, also introduces shape matching in addition to the frequency, for resonance prediction, therefore many frequency matching cases can be identified as non-critical and thus tolerated. The present paper explains and demonstrates the SAFE diagram by introducing an analytical expression to identify bladed wheel resonance conditions. The mode shape matching with a harmonic component is investigated by means of specific examples. Symmetry properties of the matching distribution of harmonic indices and mode shapes are also introduced and demonstrated. Finally, a bladed wheel analysis is used for validation, both in FE simulations and experiments.

  16. Manufacturing of Wearable Sensors for Human Health and Performance Monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alizadeh, Azar

    2015-03-01

    Continuous monitoring of physiological and biological parameters is expected to improve performance and medical outcomes by assessing overall health status and alerting for life-saving interventions. Continuous monitoring of these parameters requires wearable devices with an appropriate form factor (lightweight, comfortable, low energy consuming and even single-use) to avoid disrupting daily activities thus ensuring operation relevance and user acceptance. Many previous efforts to implement remote and wearable sensors have suffered from high cost and poor performance, as well as low clinical and end-use acceptance. New manufacturing and system level design approaches are needed to make the performance and clinical benefits of these sensors possible while satisfying challenging economic, regulatory, clinical, and user-acceptance criteria. In this talk we will review several recent design and manufacturing efforts aimed at designing and building prototype wearable sensors. We will discuss unique opportunities and challenges provided by additive manufacturing, including 3D printing, to drive innovation through new designs, faster prototyping and manufacturing, distributed networks, and new ecosystems. We will also show alternative hybrid self-assembly based integration techniques for low cost large scale manufacturing of single use wearable devices. Coauthors: Prabhjot Singh and Jeffrey Ashe.

  17. Fanning Out of the Solar f-mode in the Presence of Non-uniform Magnetic Fields?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Nishant K.; Brandenburg, Axel; Rheinhardt, Matthias

    2014-11-01

    We show that in the presence of a magnetic field that is varying harmonically in space, the fundamental mode, or f-mode, in a stratified layer is altered in such a way that it fans out in the diagnostic kω diagram, with mode power also within the fan. In our simulations, the surface is defined by a temperature and density jump in a piecewise isothermal layer. Unlike our previous work (Singh et al. 2014), where a uniform magnetic field was considered, here we employ a non-uniform magnetic field together with hydromagnetic turbulence at length scales much smaller than those of the magnetic field. The expansion of the f-mode is stronger for fields confined to the layer below the surface. In some of those cases, the kω diagram also reveals a new class of low-frequency vertical stripes at multiples of twice the horizontal wavenumber of the background magnetic field. We argue that the study of the f-mode expansion might be a new and sensitive tool to determine subsurface magnetic fields with azimuthal or other horizontal periodicity.

  18. Critical examination of isolation system design paradigms for a coupled powertrain and frame: Partial torque roll axis decoupling methods given practical constraints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liette, Jared; Dreyer, Jason T.; Singh, Rajendra

    2014-12-01

    The torque roll axis motion decoupling concept is analytically and computationally studied in a realistic coupled powertrain and frame system using discrete, proportionally damped linear models. Recently, Hu and Singh (2012 [1]) (Journal of Sound and Vibration 331 (2012) 1498-1518) proposed new paradigms to fully decouple such a system. However, critical examination shows that the derivation does not always lead to a physically realizable system, as each powertrain mount is not referenced to a single location. This deficiency is overcome by deriving mount compatibility conditions to ensure realistic mount positions which are incorporated into proposed decoupling conditions. It is mathematically shown that full decoupling is not possible for a practical system, and therefore partial decoupling paradigms are pursued. Powertrain mount design using only the decoupled powertrain achieves better decoupling than minimizing conditions for the coupled system using a total least squares method. Further decoupling is obtained through frame isolation design using a decoupled frame model such that the torque roll mode is dominant over the frequency range considered. Other methods for limiting frame coupling are also briefly discussed.

  19. Snow cover identification of saline-alkali land in the Western Jilin province of China based on MWRI data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Mingbo; Gu, Lingjia; Ren, Ruizhi; Cao, Qiong

    2016-09-01

    Snow parameters are important physical quantities of climatology and hydrology research, improving the accuracy of snow parameters is important for climatology, hydrology and disaster prevention and reduction. The western Jilin Province of China has obvious salinization problem. Meanwhile, it belongs to a typical snow-covered area. In this paper, the western Jilin Province is selected as the study area and the main research focuses on analyzing the snow cover conditions. The FY3B-MWRI passive microwave remote sensing data from year 2011 to 2016 are selected as experimental data. Compared with optical remote sensing data, using MWRI data can better obtain snow information, and it is also the preliminary work to retrieve snow depth and snow water equivalent. Furthermore, a new decision tree algorithm for snow cover identification was built to distinguish different snow cover conditions. Compared with the existing three algorithms reported in other literatures, the proposed algorithm improves the identification accuracy of snow cover up to 95.06%. While the accuracy for Singh's algorithm, Pan's algorithm and Li's algorithm were about 80.19%, 78.79% and 90.13%, respectively. This study provides important information to the research of snow cover in saline-alkali land.

  20. Higher derivative massive spin-3 models in D =2 +1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dalmazi, D.; Mendonça, E. L.

    2016-07-01

    We find new higher derivative models describing a parity doublet of massive spin-3 modes in D =2 +1 dimensions. One of them is of fourth order in derivatives while the other one is of sixth order. They are complete, in the sense that they contain the auxiliary scalar field required to remove spurious degrees of freedom. Both of them are obtained through the master action technique starting with the usual (second-order) spin-3 Singh-Hagen model, which guarantees that they are ghost free. The fourth- and sixth-order terms are both invariant under (transverse) Weyl transformations, quite similarly to the fourth-order K -term of the "new massive gravity." The sixth-order term slightly differs from the product of the Schouten by the Einstein tensor, both of third order in derivatives. It is also possible to write down the fourth-order term as a product of a Schouten-like by an Einstein-like tensor (both of second order in derivatives) in close analogy with the K -term.

  1. Relation between the increased transmission in the EXAFS region of X-ray absorption and the increase in the number of Abrikosov Vortices as cuprate superconductors go through Tc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chigvinadze, Jaba G.; Mamniashvilli, Gogi I.; Acrivos, Juana V.

    2004-03-01

    The increased flux expulsion as T->Tc (observed as the external magnetic field, Bz = +/- 0.75 oe. goes through zero [1]) is related to the increased transmission as T->Tc (observed in all cuprate superconductors in the EXFAS region of X-ray absorption [2]). The expulsion of Abrikosov vortices as T->Tc is a cooperative dynamic phenomenon that affects only the EXAFS region of the spectrum. When the flux expulsion diverges beyond a critical value, we propose the EXAFS transmission increases because photoelectrons are involved in the Abrikosov Vortex. The phenomenon is similar to the increased transmission observed in He 4 by the formation of supercritical vortices [3]. [1] J.V. Acrivos, Lei Chen, C.M. Burch, P. Metcalf, J.M.Honig, R.S.Liu and K.K.Singh, Phys. Rev. B 50, 13710 (1994), [2] J.V. Acrivos, L.Nguyen, T.Norman, C.T. Lin, W.Y.Liang, J.M Honig and P.Somasundaram, Microchemical Journal, 71, 117 (2002), [3] E.J.Yarmchuk, M.J.V.Gordon, R.E.Packard, Phys.Rev.Lett. 43, 214 (1979)

  2. First-principles search for potential high temperature superconductors in the Mg-B-A (A=alkaline metal) system with high boron content

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chepulskyy, Roman; Mazin, Igor; Curtarolo, Stefano

    2008-03-01

    Possible superconductivity at 50K was recently reported [1] in the Mg-B-A (A=Cs, Rb, Ba) system. Although attempts to reproduce this finding have been unsuccessful so far [2], if a stable or metastable phase could be found by a first principle search similar to that in Ref. 3, this would have lent credibility to the experimental finding [1] and outline possible further directions. The results of Ref. 1 suggest that (a) the superconducting phase is not similar to MgB2 (B site has cubic or similarly high symmetry) and (b) boron content is higher than in MgB2. We report first-principles study of the thermodynamics of alkali and alkaline earth doping in the boron- rich part of the Mg-B phase diagram (MgBn with n>2), searching for a phase that could explain the results of Ref. [1]. [1] A.V. Palnichenko et al., JETP Letters 86, 272 (2007). [2] R K Singh et al http://arxiv.org/abs/0709.4001v1. [3] S. Curtarolo et al, Calphad 29, 163 (2005).

  3. Chlorzoxazone or 1-EBIO increases Na(+) absorption across cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells.

    PubMed

    Gao, L; Yankaskas, J R; Fuller, C M; Sorscher, E J; Matalon, S; Forman, H J; Venglarik, C J

    2001-11-01

    Previous studies demonstrated that chlorzoxazone or 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO) enhances transepithelial Cl(-) secretion by increasing basolateral K(+) conductance (G(K)) (Singh AK, Devor DC, Gerlach AC, Gondor M, Pilewski JM, and Bridges RJ. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 292: 778-787, 2000). Hence these compounds may be useful to treat cystic fibrosis (CF) airway disease. The goal of the present study was to determine whether chlorzoxazone or 1-EBIO altered ion transport across Delta F508-CF transmembrane conductance regulator homozygous CFT1 airway cells. CFT1 monolayers exhibited a basal short-circuit current that was abolished by apical amiloride (inhibition constant 320 nM) as expected for Na(+) absorption. The addition of chlorzoxazone (400 microM) or 1-EBIO (2 mM) increased the amiloride-sensitive I(sc) approximately 2.5-fold. This overlapping specificity may preclude use of these compounds as CF therapeutics. Assaying for changes in the basolateral G(K) with a K(+) gradient plus the pore-forming antibiotic amphotericin B revealed that chlorzoxazone or 1-EBIO evoked an approximately 10-fold increase in clotrimazole-sensitive G(K). In contrast, chlorzoxazone did not alter epithelial Na(+) channel-mediated currents across basolateral-permeabilized monolayers or in Xenopus oocytes. These data further suggest that alterations in basolateral G(K) alone can modulate epithelial Na(+) transport.

  4. Quantitative Geomorphological Analysis & Land Use/ Land Cover Change Detection of Two Sub-Watersheds in NE region of Punjab, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaur, M.; Singh, S.; Verma, V. K.; Pateriya, B.

    2014-11-01

    Morphometric analysis is the measurement and mathematical analysis of the landforms. The delineation of drainage system is of utmost importance in understanding hydrological system of an area, water resource management and it's planning in an effective manner. Morphometric analysis and land use change detection of two sub-watersheds namely Kukar Suha and Ratewal of district Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar, Punjab, India was carried out for quantitative description of drainage and characterisation. The stream order, stream number, stream length, mean stream length, and other morphometric analysis like bifurcation ratio, drainage density, texture, relief ratio, ruggedness number etc. were measured. The drainage pattern of Kukar Suha and Ratewal is mainly dendritic. The agriculture and settlements came up along the drainage network causes the pattern disturbance in the watershed. The study was undertaken to spotlight the morphometric parameters, their impact on the basin and the land use land cover changes occurred over the period of time. Morphometric parameters such as linear aspect, areal aspect and relief aspect of the watershed are computed. The land use/land cover change was extracted from LISS IV Mx + Cartosat1 PAN data. ASTER data is used to prepare DEM (digital elevation model) and geographical information system (GIS) was used to evaluate various morphometric parameters in ArcGIS10 software.

  5. Optimizing available phosphorus in calcareous soils fertilized with diammonium phosphate and phosphoric acid using Freundlich adsorption isotherm.

    PubMed

    Naeem, Asif; Akhtar, Muhammad; Ahmad, Waqar

    2013-01-01

    In calcareous soils, phosphorus (P) retention and immobilization take place due to precipitation and adsorption. Since soil pH is considered a major soil variable affecting the P sorption, an acidic P fertilizer could result in low P adsorption compared to alkaline one. Therefore, P adsorption from DAP and phosphoric acid (PA) required to produce desired soil solution P concentration was estimated using Freundlich sorption isotherms. Two soils from Faisalabad and T. T. Singh districts were spiked with 0, 10, and 20 % CaCO3 for 15 days. Freundlich adsorption isotherms (P = aC(b/a)) were constructed, and theoretical doses of PA and DAP to develop a desired soil solution P level (i.e., 0.20 mg L(-1)) were calculated. It was observed that P adsorption in soil increased with CaCO3. Moreover, at all the levels of CaCO3, P adsorption from PA was lower compared to that from DAP in both the soils. Consequently, lesser quantity of PA was required to produce desired solution P, 0.2 mg L(-1), compared to DAP. However, extrapolating the developed relationship between soil CaCO3 contents and quantity of fertilizer to other similar textured soils needs confirmation.

  6. Biodynamic performance of hyaluronic acid versus synovial fluid of the knee in osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Corvelli, Michael; Che, Bernadette; Saeui, Christopher; Singh, Anirudha; Elisseeff, Jennifer

    2015-08-01

    Hyaluronic acid (HA), a natural biomaterial present in healthy joints but depleted in osteoarthritis (OA), has been employed clinically to provide symptomatic relief of joint pain. Joint movement combined with a reduced joint lubrication in osteoarthritic knees can result in increased wear and tear, chondrocyte apoptosis, and inflammation, leading to cascading cartilage deterioration. Therefore, development of an appropriate cartilage model that can be evaluated for its friction properties with potential lubricants in different conditions is necessary, which can closely resemble a mechanically induced OA cartilage. Additionally, a comparison of different models with and without endogenous lubricating surface zone proteins, such as PRG4 promotes a well-rounded understanding of cartilage lubrication. In this study, we present our findings on the lubricating effects of HA on different articular cartilage model surfaces in comparison to synovial fluid, a physiological lubricating biomaterial. The mechanical testings data demonstrated that HA reduced average static and kinetic friction coefficient values of the cartilage samples by 75% and 70%, respectively. Furthermore, HA mimicked the friction characteristics of freshly harvested natural synovial fluid throughout all tested and modeled OA conditions with no statistically significant difference. These characteristics led us to exclusively identify HA as an effective boundary layer lubricant in the technology that we develop to treat OA (Singh et al., 2014).

  7. Common genetic influences on negative emotionality and a general psychopathology factor in childhood and adolescence.

    PubMed

    Tackett, Jennifer L; Lahey, Benjamin B; van Hulle, Carol; Waldman, Irwin; Krueger, Robert F; Rathouz, Paul J

    2013-11-01

    Previous research using confirmatory factor analysis to model psychopathology comorbidity has supported the hypothesis of a broad general factor (i.e., a "bifactor"; Holzinger & Swineford, 1937) of psychopathology in children, adolescents, and adults, with more specific higher order internalizing and externalizing factors reflecting additional shared variance in symptoms (Lahey et al., 2012; Lahey, van Hulle, Singh, Waldman, & Rathouz, 2011). The psychological nature of this general factor has not been explored, however. The current study tested a prediction, derived from the spectrum hypothesis of personality and psychopathology, that variance in a general psychopathology bifactor overlaps substantially-at both phenotypic and genetic levels-with the dispositional trait of negative emotionality. Data on psychopathology symptoms and dispositional traits were collected from both parents and youth in a representative sample of 1,569 twin pairs (ages 9-17 years) from Tennessee. Predictions based on the spectrum hypothesis were supported, with variance in negative emotionality and the general factor overlapping substantially at both phenotypic and etiologic levels. Furthermore, stronger correlations were found between negative emotionality and the general psychopathology factor than among other dispositions and other psychopathology factors.

  8. Transport coefficients for the shear dynamo problem at small Reynolds numbers.

    PubMed

    Singh, Nishant K; Sridhar, S

    2011-05-01

    We build on the formulation developed in S. Sridhar and N. K. Singh [J. Fluid Mech. 664, 265 (2010)] and present a theory of the shear dynamo problem for small magnetic and fluid Reynolds numbers, but for arbitrary values of the shear parameter. Specializing to the case of a mean magnetic field that is slowly varying in time, explicit expressions for the transport coefficients α(il) and η(il) are derived. We prove that when the velocity field is nonhelical, the transport coefficient α(il) vanishes. We then consider forced, stochastic dynamics for the incompressible velocity field at low Reynolds number. An exact, explicit solution for the velocity field is derived, and the velocity spectrum tensor is calculated in terms of the Galilean-invariant forcing statistics. We consider forcing statistics that are nonhelical, isotropic, and delta correlated in time, and specialize to the case when the mean field is a function only of the spatial coordinate X(3) and time τ; this reduction is necessary for comparison with the numerical experiments of A. Brandenburg, K. H. Rädler, M. Rheinhardt, and P. J. Käpylä [Astrophys. J. 676, 740 (2008)]. Explicit expressions are derived for all four components of the magnetic diffusivity tensor η(il)(τ). These are used to prove that the shear-current effect cannot be responsible for dynamo action at small Re and Rm, but for all values of the shear parameter.

  9. Cavity optomechanics -- beyond the ground state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meystre, Pierre

    2011-05-01

    The coupling of coherent optical systems to micromechanical devices, combined with breakthroughs in nanofabrication and in ultracold science, has opened up the exciting new field of cavity optomechanics. Cooling of the vibrational motion of a broad range on oscillating cantilevers and mirrors near their ground state has been demonstrated, and the ground state of at least one such system has now been reached. Cavity optomechanics offers much promise in addressing fundamental physics questions and in applications such as the detection of feeble forces and fields, or the coherent control of AMO systems and of nanoscale electromechanical devices. However, these applications require taking cavity optomechanics ``beyond the ground state.'' This includes the generation and detection of squeezed and other non-classical states, the transfer of squeezing between electromagnetic fields and motional quadratures, and the development of measurement schemes for the characterization of nanomechanical structures. The talk will present recent ``beyond ground state'' developments in cavity optomechanics. We will show how the magnetic coupling between a mechanical membrane and a BEC - or between a mechanical tuning fork and a nanoscale cantilever - permits to control and monitor the center-of-mass position of the mechanical system, and will comment on the measurement back-action on the membrane motion. We will also discuss of state transfer between optical and microwave fields and micromechanical devices. Work done in collaboration with Dan Goldbaum, Greg Phelps, Keith Schwab, Swati Singh, Steve Steinke, Mehmet Tesgin, and Mukund Vengallatore and supported by ARO, DARPA, NSF, and ONR.

  10. Animal Bite Injuries in Children: Review of Literature and Case Series

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Pradeep; Singhal, Ruchi; Singh, Virendra; Bhagol, Amrish

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites. Materials and methods Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound. Rabies and tetanus prophylaxis were given. Discussion The most common site of injury was the face. For the facial injuries, the most frequently affected area was the middle third (55%), also called as the “central target area.” The small stature of children, the disproportionate size of the head relative to the body, their willingness to bring their faces close to the animal, and limited motor skills to provide defense are believed to account for this. The resulting soft-tissue injuries can vary in relation to their extent. Treatment involved initial surgical exploration, and secondary repair later depending on the severity of the injury. Conclusion Prompt assessment and treatment can prevent most bite wound complications. Early management of such injuries usually guarantees satisfactory outcome. Prevention strategies include close supervision of child-dog interactions, better reporting of bites, etc. How to cite this article Agrawal A, Kumar P, Singhal R, Singh V, Bhagol A. Animal Bite Injuries in Children: Review of Literature and Case Series. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(1):67-72. PMID:28377659

  11. Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) Developed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steele, Gynelle C.

    2001-01-01

    Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) is a method for joining high temperature- resistant ceramic pieces together, establishing joints that are strong, and allowing joining to be done in the field. This new way of joining allows complex shapes to be formed by joining together geometrically simple shapes. The joining technology at NASA is one of the enabling technologies for the application of silicon-carbide-based ceramic and composite components in demanding and high-temperature applications. The technology is being developed and tested for high-temperature propulsion parts for aerospace use. Commercially, it can be used for joining ceramic pieces used for high temperature applications in the power-generating and chemical industries, as well as in the microelectronics industry. This innovation could yield big payoffs for not only the power-generating industry but also the Silicon Valley chipmakers. This technology, which was developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center by Dr. Mrityunjay Singh, is a two-step process involving first using a paste to join together ceramic pieces and bonding them by heating the joint to 110 to 120 C for between 10 and 20 min. This makes the joint strong enough to be handled for the final joining. Then, a silicon-based substance is applied to the joint and heated to 1400 C for 10 to 15 min. The resulting joint is as strong as the original ceramic material and can withstand the same high temperatures.

  12. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 2. The Quark

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 2. The Quark "Three Quarks for Master Mark! Sure he hasn't got much of a bark." James Joyce's Finnegans Wake left its mark on modern physics when physicist Murray Gell Mann proposed this name for a group of hypothetical subatomic particles that were revealed in 1960 as the fundamental units of matter. Basic particles it seems are made up of even more basic units called quarks that make up 99.9% of visible material in the universe.. But why do we know so little about them? Quarks have never been seen as free particles but instead, inextricably bound together by the Strong Force that in turn holds the atomic nucleus together. This is the hardest of Nature's fundamental forces to crack, but recent theoretical advances, mean that the properties of the quark are at last being revealed.

  13. Radionuclide and contaminant immobilization in the fluidized bed steam reforming waste products

    SciTech Connect

    Neeway, James J.; Qafoku, Nikolla; Westsik, Joseph H.; Brown, Christopher F.; Jantzen, Carol; Pierce, Eric M.

    2012-05-01

    The goal of this chapter is to introduce the reader to the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) process and resulting waste form. The first section of the chapter gives an overview of the potential need for FBSR processing in nuclear waste remediation followed by an overview of the engineering involved in the process itself. This is followed by a description of waste form production at a chemical level followed by a section describing different process streams that have undergone the FBSR process. The third section describes the resulting mineral product in terms of phases that are present and the ability of the waste form to encapsulate hazardous and radioactive wastes from several sources. Following this description is a presentation of the physical properties of the granular and monolith waste form product including and contaminant release mechanisms. The last section gives a brief summary of this chapter and includes a section on the strengths associated with this waste form and the needs for additional data and remaining questions yet to be answered. The reader is directed elsewhere for more information on other waste forms such as Cast Stone (Lockrem, 2005), Ceramicrete (Singh et al., 1997, Wagh et al., 1999) and geopolymers (Kyritsis et al., 2009; Russell et al., 2006).

  14. Effect of household processing on fenazaquin residues in okra fruits.

    PubMed

    Duhan, Anil; Kumari, Beena; Gulati, Rachna

    2010-02-01

    Fenazaquin (4-[[4 (1,1-dimethylethyl) phenyl] ethoxy]quinazoline) is a new acaricide of the quinazoline class. Residue levels of fenazaquin were determined in unprocessed and processed okra fruits to evaluate the effect of different processes (washing, boiling and washing followed by boiling) in reduction of residues of this pesticide in okra. The study was carried out on okra crop (Variety, Varsha Uphar) in research farm of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar with application of fenazaquin (Magister 10 EC) @ 125 ga.i./ha (Single Dose, T(1)) and 250 g a.i./ha (Double Dose, T(2)). Samples of okra fruits were collected on 0, 3, 7, 15 days after treatment and at harvest (30 days). Residues were estimated by gas chromatograph equipped with capillary column and nitrogen phosphorus detector. Residues reached below maximum residue limit of 0.01 mg/kg at harvest. The residues dissipated with half-life period of 3.13 days at lower dose and 4.43 days at higher dose. Processing is shown to be very effective in reducing the levels of fenazaquin residues in okra fruits. Maximum reduction (60-61%) was observed by washing + boiling followed by boiling/cooking (38-40%) and then by washing (31-32%).

  15. FANNING OUT OF THE SOLAR f-MODE IN THE PRESENCE OF NON-UNIFORM MAGNETIC FIELDS?

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Nishant K.; Brandenburg, Axel; Rheinhardt, Matthias

    2014-11-01

    We show that in the presence of a magnetic field that is varying harmonically in space, the fundamental mode, or f-mode, in a stratified layer is altered in such a way that it fans out in the diagnostic kω diagram, with mode power also within the fan. In our simulations, the surface is defined by a temperature and density jump in a piecewise isothermal layer. Unlike our previous work (Singh et al. 2014), where a uniform magnetic field was considered, here we employ a non-uniform magnetic field together with hydromagnetic turbulence at length scales much smaller than those of the magnetic field. The expansion of the f-mode is stronger for fields confined to the layer below the surface. In some of those cases, the kω diagram also reveals a new class of low-frequency vertical stripes at multiples of twice the horizontal wavenumber of the background magnetic field. We argue that the study of the f-mode expansion might be a new and sensitive tool to determine subsurface magnetic fields with azimuthal or other horizontal periodicity.

  16. Induction of Shikimic Acid Pathway Enzymes by Light in Suspension Cultured Cells of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) 1

    PubMed Central

    McCue, Kent F.; Conn, Eric E.

    1990-01-01

    Light treatment of suspension cultured cells of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) was shown to increase the activity of the shikimic acid pathway enzyme, 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonic acid-7-phosphate (DAHP) synthase (EC 4.1.2.15). DAHP synthase activity was assayed for two isoforms, DS-Mn and DS-Co (RJ Ganson, TA d'Amato, RA Jensen [1986] Plant Physiol 82: 203-210). Light increased the enzymatic activity of the plastidic isoform DS-Mn as much as 2-fold, averaging 1.6-fold with >95% confidence. The cytosolic isoform DS-Co was unaffected. Cycloheximide and actinomycin D, translational and transcriptional inhibitors, respectively, both reversed induction of DS-Mn by light suggesting transcriptional regulation of the gene. Chorismate mutase activity was assayed for the two isoforms CM I and CM II (BK Singh, JA Connelly, EE Conn [1985] Arch Biochem Biophys 243: 374-384). Treatment by light did not significantly affect either chorismate mutase isoform. The ratio of the two chorismate mutase isoforms changed during the growth cycle, with an increase in the ratio of plastidic to cytosolic isoforms occurring towards the end of logarithmic growth. PMID:16667741

  17. Genotoxicity of select herbicides in Rana catesbeiana tadpoles using the alkaline single-cell gel DNA electrophoresis (comet) assay.

    PubMed

    Clements, C; Ralph, S; Petras, M

    1997-01-01

    Pesticides are broadly used for pest control in agriculture despite possible negative impacts they may pose to the environment. Thus, we examined the DNA damage caused by five herbicides commonly used in southern Ontario (Canada). Erythrocytes from Rana catesbeiana (bullfrog) tadpoles were evaluated for DNA damage following exposure to selected herbicides, using the alkaline single-cell gel DNA electrophoresis (SCG) or "comet" assay [Singh et al. (1988): Exp Cell Res 175:184-191; Ralph et al. (1996): Eviron Mol Mutagen 28:112-120]. This approach involves detection, under alkaline conditions, of DNA fragments that upon electrophoresis migrate from the nuclear care, resulting in a comet formation. The herbicides tested, along with their active ingredients, were AAtrex Nine-O (atrazine), Dual-960E (metalochlor), Roundup (glyphosate), Sencor-500F (metribuzin), and Amsol (2,4-D amine). Tadpoles were exposed in the laboratory for a 24-hr period to several concentrations of the herbicides dissolved in dechlorinated water. Methyl methanesulphonate was used as a positive control. The herbicides AAtrex Nine-O-, Dual-960E-, Roundup-, and Sencor-500F-treated tadpoles showed significant DNA damage when compared with unexposed control animals, whereas, Amsol-treated tadpoles did not. Unlike the other responding herbicides, Sencor-500F did not show a relationship between dosage and DNA damage. In summary, the results indicate that at least some of the herbicides currently used in southern Ontario are capable of inducing DNA damage in tadpoles.

  18. Current Collection in a Magnetic Field

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krivorutsky, E. N.

    1997-01-01

    It is found that the upper-bound limit for current collection in the case of strong magnetic field from the current is close to that given by the Parker-Murphy formula. This conclusion is consistent with the results obtained in laboratory experiments. This limit weakly depends on the shape of the wire. The adiabatic limit in this case will be easily surpassed due to strong magnetic field gradients near the separatrix. The calculations can be done using the kinetic equation in the drift approximation. Analytical results are obtained for the region where the Earth's magnetic field is dominant. The current collection can be calculated (neglecting scattering) using a particle simulation code. Dr. Singh has agreed to collaborate, allowing the use of his particle code. The code can be adapted for the case when the current magnetic field is strong. The needed dm for these modifications is 3-4 months. The analytical description and essential part of the program is prepared for the calculation of the current in the region where the adiabatic description can be used. This was completed with the collaboration of Drs. Khazanov and Liemohn. A scheme of measuring the end body position is also proposed. The scheme was discussed in the laboratory (with Dr. Stone) and it was concluded that it can be proposed for engineering analysis.

  19. Rapid estimation of fault parameters for tsunami warning along the Mexican subduction zone based on real-time GPS (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez-Campos, X.; Singh, S. K.; Melgar, D.; Cruz Atienza, V. M.; Iglesias, A.; Hjorleifsdottir, V.

    2013-12-01

    A reliable and robust tsunami early warning is now possible thanks to the availability of real-time GPS data. With few assumptions regarding the characteristics of the geometry of the subduction interface (dip, width of the seismogenic zone, and maximum depth of the seismically-coupled interface), we can estimate the length, L, and the width, W, of the rupture, as well as its downdip extension, C (Singh et al., 2008; 2012). These are estimated from the amplitude of the observed horizontal displacement along the coast and its fall off with distance, as well as the polarity of the vertical displacement. Based on Okada's (1992) model, we compute the slip D on the fault, to finally obtain the seismic moment, Mo. Pérez-Campos et al. (2013) showed the feasibility of such tsunami early warning for the Mexican subduction zone. Mo could be obtained in ~2 min after origin time from a dense distribution of real-time high-rate GPS stations along the coast. However, the current GPS network is sparse. Despite this, a robust estimate of magnitude Mw can be obtained. For this work, we perform sensitivity tests for Mw and position of the fault with respect to the trench.

  20. Microearthquakes at the active Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse (TAG) hydrothermal mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 26°08'N

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pontbriand, C.; Reves-Sohn, R. A.

    2010-12-01

    A small 200 m aperture network of five ocean bottom seismometers around the periphery the active TAG hydrothermal mound on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (26°08’N) detected microearthquake events that may be associated with the subsurface hydraulics of the massive hydrothermal deposit. Seismic data were sampled at 100 Hz for a period of eight months spanning June, 2003 to February, 2004, during which time 24,191 locatable events were detected. Microearthquake hypocenters are concentrated within a 300 m radius of the sulfide mound in the top 250 m of crust, and exhibit a conical shape with the deepest events beneath the mound center. Event rates are steady at 180 events per day at the beginning of the study period and decline slightly to 116 events per day after whale calls elevate background noise levels about 2/3 of the way through the deployment. The mean local magnitude of events is -1.2 with a range of -2.9≦ML≦0.3. We suggest that events may be largely due to hydraulic fracturing of clogged flow conduits in the mineral deposit, which provides the possibility of using the microearthquake data to constrain subsurface flow parameters and the permeability structure of the active TAG deposit. Figure: A bathymetric map of the TAG area depicts a small aperture network of 5 ocean bottom seismometers (white triangles) around the periphery of the active TAG hydrothermal mound. High resolution bathymetry is from Roman and Singh, 2005.