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Sample records for bible

  1. Bible Study in Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riede, Paul

    2012-01-01

    A growing number of teachers across the U.S. are comfortable using the Bible as a teaching tool. Public school courses involving study of the Bible have spread to at least 43 states, and at least seven state legislatures have approved laws encouraging some form of Bible study. High schools now offer elective courses on the Bible that adhere to a…

  2. The bible and attitudes towards voluntary euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Shane

    2018-03-15

    Are beliefs about and behaviors towards the Bible associated with voluntary euthanasia attitudes? Using General Social Survey data and multivariate logistic regression, I find that individuals' views of the authorship and epistemological status of the Bible; the importance of the Bible in making decisions; and the frequency in which individuals read the Bible are associated with negative voluntary euthanasia attitudes, even when controlling for other religiosity and sociodemographic predictors. I find that the importance of the Bible in making decisions accounts for the effect of frequency of reading the Bible and viewing the Bible as the inspired word of God.

  3. Anatomy of a Bible Course Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterson, Frances R. A.

    2003-01-01

    Examines case law on the subject of Bible instruction in the public schools, offers a detailed analysis and critique of the National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools curriculum, and provides suggestions for public schools contemplating adding a course on the Bible to their curricula. (Contains 89 references.) (Author/PKP)

  4. Flora of the Holy Bible part I - fruits.

    PubMed

    Joseph, G V R

    2002-01-01

    Holy Bible described several plants and the authentication of certain Biblical flora is still in debate. In this present paper, attempts are being made to workout the correct botanical identity of certain plants based on the description mentioned in the Bible. Bible is a genuinely documented book everything mentioned in the Bible has a great significance. Present study is undertaken with a view to evaluate the biblical flora in correlation with the present day knowledge especially with the Ayurvedic system of medicine.

  5. Formulating a Curriculum Framework for Bible Study: Creating Course Objectives for Bible Curriculum in Jewish Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn, Eli; Goldstein, Gabriel

    2008-01-01

    Bible teachers worldwide lack a shared language with which to describe expectations of what pupils will learn at various stages of their schooling. This article attempts such a language. If defines a framework, formulated with the assistance of twenty-five Bible teachers in Jewish schools in the United Kingdom. It is hoped that this article will…

  6. "Abomination"--life as a Bible belt gay.

    PubMed

    Barton, Bernadette

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on observation, autoethnography, and audio-taped interviews, this article explores the religious backgrounds and experiences of Bible Belt gays. In the Bible Belt, Christianity is not confined to Sunday worship. Christian crosses, messages, paraphernalia, music, news, and attitudes permeate everyday settings. Consequently, Christian fundamentalist dogma about homosexuality-that homosexuals are bad, diseased, perverse, sinful, other, and inferior-is cumulatively bolstered within a variety of other social institutions and environments in the Bible Belt. Of the 46 lesbians and gay men interviewed for this study (age 18-74 years), most describe living through spirit-crushing experiences of isolation, abuse, and self-loathing. This article argues that the geographic region of the Bible Belt intersects with religious-based homophobia. Informants explained that negative social attitudes about homosexuality caused a range of harmful consequences in their lives including the fear of going to hell, depression, low self-esteem, and feelings of worthlessness.

  7. The Bible on homosexuality: exploring its meaning and authority.

    PubMed

    Locke, Kenneth A

    2004-01-01

    Even within this secular age the Bible is still referred to in controversial matters of ethics and morality. Nowhere is this more evident than in the debate over the acceptability or unacceptability of homosexuality. This paper evaluates the Bible's statements on homoeroticism by explaining their historical, cultural, linguistic and narrative contexts. It finds that while the Bible is silent on matters of orientation, it does seem to adopt a negative attitude toward at least male same-sex sexual encounters. This finding, however, is in itself irrelevant unless it is related to how communities use and make sense of the Bible. There are many biblical prohibitions and condemnations that are ignored by even the most fundamentalist Christian groups. Whether the biblical passages on homoeroticism are treated authoritatively or not rests ultimately on the outlook and interpretive framework used by a Christian community to make coherent sense of the Bible.

  8. A Study of Reading Comprehension in Older Children Using Selected Korean Bible Translations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Jae Woo

    2014-01-01

    Problem: The problem of this study was to determine the difference in Bible comprehension scores among gender-based groups of older children using selected passages from three Bible translations: the Children's Bible, the Easy Bible, and the New Revised Korean Bible. Procedures: A total of 288 older children in three churches (Beautiful Baptist…

  9. Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carroll, William E.

    Galileo's understanding of the relationship between science and the Bible has frequently been celebrated as anticipating a modern distinction between the essentially religious nature of scripture and the claims of the natural sciences. Galileo's reference to the remarks of Cardinal Baronius, that the Bible teaches one how to go to heaven and not how the heavens go, has been seem as emblematic of his commitment to the distinction between the Book of Nature and the Book of Scripture. This essay argues that, contrary to the common view, Galileo shares with the theologians of the Inquisition the same fundamental principles of biblical interpretation: principles which include traditional scriptural hermeneutics enunciated by Augustine and Aquinas, as well as those characteristic of Counter-Reformation Catholicism. Although Galileo argues that one should not begin with biblical passages in order to discover truths about nature, he does think that the Bible contains scientific truths and that it is the function of wise interpreters to discover these truths. The dispute with the theologians of the Inquisition occurred because they thought that it was obviously true scientifically that the earth did not move and, on the basis of this view, they read the Bible as revealing the same thing. They reached this conclusion because, like Galileo, they thought that the Bible contained truths about nature. Of course, what these theologians accepted as scientifically true, Galileo denied.

  10. An Exploration of Moshe Greenberg's Religious Vision and Its Manifestation in His Bible Scholarship and Writings on Bible Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinclair, Alex

    2010-01-01

    This article is an attempt to explore the religious vision of Moshe Greenberg in some detail, and in particular, to analyze how his approach to education is applied to and reflected in his ideas about the teaching and learning of Bible, and in his own Bible scholarship itself. The paper examines the connection between Greenberg's philosophy of…

  11. Diuretic plants in the Bible: ethnobotanical aspects.

    PubMed

    Aliotta, Giovanni; De Santo, Natale Gaspare; Iorio, Luigi

    2016-02-01

    Besides its religious importance, the Bible, because of its ancient origin represents a relevant witness of the way of life of the people mentioned in it. The Holy Scripture is also the first text revealing the utility of plants for man, as natural sources of food, wood, fibers, oils and medicinal herbs. In the last 60 years, several distinguished botanists have attempted to identify the scientific names of the plants cited in the Bible. Nonetheless, these scholars have provided different lists of plants appearing in the Bible, none of which could be accepted as indisputable. The authors have combined their expertise to focus on the identification of the diuretic plants, through an historical analysis of the literature on this issue.

  12. Suicides and suicide ideation in the Bible: an empirical survey.

    PubMed

    Koch, H J

    2005-09-01

    The aim of this review is to summarize all data on suicidal behaviour reported in the Bible and to discuss basic implications for medical ethical positions. All books of the Jerusalem Bible, including the apocrypha accepted in the Catholic canon, were searched for all cases of suicide, attempted suicide and suicidal ideation clearly identifiable as such. The Bible including the apocrypha reports about 10 completed suicides and 11 cases of suicide attempt or ideation. The Bible considers human life as a divine gift but suicide per se is neither condemned nor approved. Those suffering from suicidal thoughts are treated with respect and support is offered. Theological teaching on suicide was influenced for centuries by the biased negative opinion of the early fathers of the church and scholastic savants, but these opinions are not substantiated by a thorough reading of the Bible. Copyright (c) 2005 Blackwell Munksgaard

  13. Bible Knowledge and Moral Judgment: Knowing Scripture and Using Ethical Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between moral judgment and religious knowledge was investigated, with an analysis of the impact of academic skill on both domains. Fifty-six Bible college seniors completed measures of moral judgment (Defining Issues Test), Bible knowledge (Standardized Bible Content Test), and academic skill (Academic Profile). Results indicate…

  14. The kidneys in the Bible: what happened?

    PubMed

    Eknoyan, Garabed

    2005-12-01

    The kidneys, always used in the plural (kelayot), are mentioned more than 30 times in the Bible. In the Pentateuch, the kidneys are cited 11 times in the detailed instructions given for the sacrificial offering of animals at the altar. Whereas those instructions were for purification ceremonies at the Temple, sacrificial offerings were made subsequently in seeking divine intervention for the relief of medical problems. In the books of the Bible that follow the Pentateuch, mostly in Jeremiah and Psalms, the human kidneys are cited figuratively as the site of temperament, emotions, prudence, vigor, and wisdom. In five instances, they are mentioned as the organs examined by God to judge an individual. They are cited either before or after but always in conjunction with the heart as mirrors of the psyche of the person examined. There is also reference to the kidneys as the site of divine punishment for misdemeanors, committed or perceived, particularly in the book of Job, whose suffering and ailments are legendary. In the first vernacular versions of the Bible in English, the translators elected to use the term "reins" instead of kidneys in differentiating the metaphoric uses of human kidneys from that of their mention as anatomic organs of sacrificial animals burned at the altar. This initial effort at linguistic purity or gentility has progressed further in recent versions of the Bible, in which the reins are now replaced by the soul or the mind. The erosion may have begun in the centuries that followed the writing of the Bible, when recognition of the kidneys as excretory organs deprived them of the ancient aura of mysterious organs hidden deep in the body but accessible to the look of God. At approximately the same time, Greek analytical philosophy argued that the brain, which is never mentioned in the Bible, was the most divine and sacred part of the body. This argument gained ground in the past century, when the functions of the brain were elucidated, and

  15. AABC Libraries at Century's End: A Demographic Survey of Bible College Libraries Affiliated with the American Association of Bible Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesley, Ed

    The purpose of this research project was to gather information to give personality and a demographic profile to Bible college libraries and to assure them that they have identity and purpose in the 1990's. This research project is an attempt to update information on American Association Bible College libraries and give a face and some personality…

  16. The Relationship between Bible Literacy and Academic Achievement and School Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeynes, William H.

    2009-01-01

    This study assessed the relationship between Bible literacy among secondary school students and their academic achievement and school behavior. One hundred and forty students in the 7th to 12th grade were randomly selected from a Christian school. Four measures of Bible knowledge were combined to obtain an overall measure of Bible literacy. They…

  17. References to the paraphilias and sexual crimes in the Bible.

    PubMed

    Aggrawal, Anil

    2009-04-01

    While writing a book on paraphilias, the author made a thorough search of early references to paraphilias in literature, especially the Bible. Surprisingly just one published paper was available in the literature having any discussion on the references of paraphilia in the Bible, and that too was in French. [Bieder J. The polymorphous sexual deviant: a reading of Freud and the Bible. Ann Med Psychol (Paris) 1973;2(2):274-81 [in French

  18. Black carbon in aerosol during BIBLE B

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liley, J. Ben; Baumgardner, D.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Blake, D. R.; Koike, M.; Machida, T.; Takegawa, N.; Kawakami, S.; Shirai, T.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE) A and B campaigns over the tropical western Pacific during springtime deployed a Gulfstream-II aircraft with systems to measure ozone and numerous precursor species. Aerosol measuring systems included a MASP optical particle counter, a condensation nucleus (CN) counter, and an absorption spectrometer for black carbon. Aerosol volume was very low in the middle and upper troposphere during both campaigns, and during BIBLE A, there was little aerosol enhancement in the boundary layer away from urban areas. In BIBLE B, there was marked aerosol enhancement in the lowest 3 km of the atmosphere. Mixing ratios of CN in cloud-free conditions in the upper troposphere were in general higher than in the boundary layer, indicating new particle formation from gaseous precursors. High concentrations of black carbon were observed during BIBLE B, with mass loadings up to 40 μg m-3 representing as much as one quarter of total aerosol mass. Strong correlations with hydrocarbon enhancement allow the determination of a black carbon emission ratio for the fires at that time. Expressed as elemental carbon, it is about 0.5% of carbon dioxide and 6% of carbon monoxide emissions from the same fires, comparable to methane production, and greater than that of other hydrocarbons.

  19. Black carbon in aerosol during BIBLE B

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liley, J. Ben; Baumgardner, D.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Blake, D. R.; Koike, M.; Machida, T.; Takegawa, N.; Kawakami, S.; Shirai, T.; Ogawa, T.

    2002-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE) A and B campaigns over the tropical western Pacific during springtime deployed a Gulfstream-II aircraft with systems to measure ozone and numerous precursor species. Aerosol measuring systems included a MASP optical particle counter, a condensation nucleus (CN) counter, and an absorption spectrometer for black carbon. Aerosol volume was very low in the middle and upper troposphere during both campaigns, and during BIBLE A, there was little aerosol enhancement in the boundary layer away from urban areas. In BIBLE B, there was marked aerosol enhancement in the lowest 3 km of the atmosphere. Mixing ratios of CN in cloud-free conditions in the upper troposphere were in general higher than in the boundary layer, indicating new particle formation from gaseous precursors. High concentrations of black carbon were observed during BIBLE B, with mass loadings up to 40 μg m-3 representing as much as one quarter of total aerosol mass. Strong correlations with hydrocarbon enhancement allow the determination of a black carbon emission ratio for the fires at that time. Expressed as elemental carbon, it is about 0.5% of carbon dioxide and 6% of carbon monoxide emissions from the same fires, comparable to methane production, and greater than that of other hydrocarbons.

  20. Understanding Student Attitudes toward Bible Reading: A Philippine Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baring, Rito V.

    2008-01-01

    Reflecting from the Philippine experience, this article explores an emerging picture that characterizes contemporary Bible reading attitudes of college students. Six new attitude factor definitions are developed following the development of the Bible Reading (BR) attitude scale for college students constructed by this author in a separate study.…

  1. The really good news: What the Bible says about sex.

    PubMed

    Haffner, D W

    1997-01-01

    According to this author's analysis of the Bible, its text reveals its usefulness as a theological tool capable of demonstrating a sexual theology that rejects attempts to limit experiences of sexuality or promote systematic oppression of sexuality. The Hebrew Bible covers many sexual themes in its stories, starting with an explanation of biological sex and the reason for two genders given in the creation stories and moving on to the importance of sexual intercourse for sexual pleasure as well as for procreation. Additional themes reviewed from the Hebrew Bible include physical beauty, love at first sight, fertility, genital and bodily functions, destructive uses of sexuality, sexuality in relationships, homosexuality, adultery, and celibacy. The Song of Solomon is the most overtly sexual book of the Bible, and the early Christian teachers attempted to present these verses as allegory and went so far as to warn that no one under the age of 30 should read the text. On the other hand, the New Testament contains little about sexuality with the exception of the First Letter of Paul to the Church in Corinth, which could be viewed as a first-century form of sexual instruction because it covers at least 17 sexuality topics, including anatomy, families, child rearing, values, decision making, communication, assertiveness, shared sexual behavior, and sexual desire, and provides information on bodies, love, marriage, gender roles, and sexuality. Thus, according to the author, the Bible is an important starting point in the struggle of many denominations with sexuality issues. She recommends that sexologists consider the sexual theology present in the Bible and its impact on the people they serve and that they spread the news that the Bible affirms a healthy and positive view of sexuality.

  2. The Bible as Literature, English and Humanities: 5114.79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hankins, Gretchen C.

    A course in the Bible as Literature is presented. It is an examination of significant selections from the old and new testaments, representing universality in theme, diversity in literary genre, and consideration of biblical language. Performance objectives for the student include: (1) proposal of reasons for studying the Bible as literature, (2)…

  3. Introducing the Contextual Orientation to Bible: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2008-01-01

    Barry Holtz' (2003) presentation of a map of orientations for the teaching of Bible provides a certain kind of focus for research, enabling us to ask deeper and richer question about those orientations. This article investigates the teaching of one teacher, in two different settings--more specifically, how that teacher introduces Bible in those…

  4. Does the Bible Have a Vote in Modern Decision Making?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-23

    The Complete Bible Handbook, 57. 49 National Crime Prevention Council, http://www.ncpc.org/ cyberbullying (accessed March 19, 2011). 50 ―Suicide...15/obama-pledges-crackdown-on- cyberbullying /3/? (accessed March 19, 2011). 55 Ibid. 56 Bowker, The Complete Bible Handbook, 57. 57 Office of the

  5. Spiritual Assessment of Students at Conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooley, Timothy L., Sr.

    2011-01-01

    The current study proposed to determine the level of spiritual transformation in students at conservative Wesleyan-Arminian Bible colleges and the association of spiritual transformation with selected Bible college activities. A quantitative survey was designed, validated, and implemented to measure students' self-reported levels of spiritual…

  6. The Psychodrama of the Bible: Mirror and Window of Soul.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitzele, Peter A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses an approach to the study of the Bible through psychodrama. Argues that such an approach makes biblical stories and their characters real by investing them fully with humanity. Concludes that a psychodramatic approach to the Bible is a strenuous exigesis through which it is possible to look past surfaces into an inner world. (SG)

  7. Medical implication in the Bible and its relevance to modern medicine.

    PubMed

    Sun, Jun-Fang

    2013-11-01

    The Holy Bible, as the root of Western civilization, has imposed great influence in the fields far beyond religion. In this thesis, the author intended to reveal the medical implication in the Holy Bible and its relevance to the modern medical science by exploring the biblical medical information and comparing it with the current medical theory and practice. The conclusion of the exploration is surprising yet inspiring: the Holy Bible, as an ancient religious book, contains rich medical information around themes such as sexual relations, dietary guidelines, hygiene, etc., which is not at odds, but in harmony with the modern medicine.

  8. How We Teach Introductory Bible Courses: A Comparative and Historical Sampling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornell, Collin; LeMon, Joel M.

    2016-01-01

    This study identifies the dominant modes of biblical interpretation being taught in introductory Bible courses through a qualitative analysis of course syllabi from three institutional contexts: evangelical Christian colleges, private colleges, and public universities. Despite a proliferation of methods and scholarly approaches to the Bible, this…

  9. The influence of the Bible geographic objects peculiarities on the concept of the spatiotemporal geoinformation system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linsebarth, A.; Moscicka, A.

    2010-01-01

    The article describes the infl uence of the Bible geographic object peculiarities on the spatiotemporal geoinformation system of the Bible events. In the proposed concept of this system the special attention was concentrated to the Bible geographic objects and interrelations between the names of these objects and their location in the geospace. In the Bible, both in the Old and New Testament, there are hundreds of geographical names, but the selection of these names from the Bible text is not so easy. The same names are applied for the persons and geographic objects. The next problem which arises is the classification of the geographical object, because in several cases the same name is used for the towns, mountains, hills, valleys etc. Also very serious problem is related to the time-changes of the names. The interrelation between the object name and its location is also complicated. The geographic object of this same name is located in various places which should be properly correlated with the Bible text. Above mentioned peculiarities of Bible geographic objects infl uenced the concept of the proposed system which consists of three databases: reference, geographic object, and subject/thematic. The crucial component of this system is proper architecture of the geographic object database. In the paper very detailed description of this database is presented. The interrelation between the databases allows to the Bible readers to connect the Bible text with the geography of the terrain on which the Bible events occurred and additionally to have access to the other geographical and historical information related to the geographic objects.

  10. Using Game Theory and the Bible to Build Critical Thinking Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCannon, Bryan C.

    2007-01-01

    The author describes a course designed to build the critical thinking skills of undergraduate economics students. The course introduces and uses game theory to study the Bible. Students gain experience using game theory to formalize events and, by drawing parallels between the Bible and common economic concepts, illustrate the pervasiveness of…

  11. The Bible as a Resource for Teaching Cataloguing and Classification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unegbu, Vincent E.; Onuoha, Uloma D.

    2013-01-01

    The Bible is an important book that represents all courses that human beings engage in. Many professions use it as a textbook for their course, as are listed in this write up. In spite of the rich source of information embedded in it, library and information professions are yet to tap into it. The first two chapters of the Bible are a very good…

  12. Literary Interpretations of Biblical Narratives. The Bible in Literature Courses Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gros Louis, Kenneth R. R., Ed.; And Others

    Designed for use by secondary school teachers, this book contains a collection of biblical literary analyses, the writing of which was prompted by increased interest in the Bible as an academic study. There are 17 chapters in the book: "The Rabbinic Method and Literary Criticism" by K.P. Bland; "Literary Criticism of the Bible: Some Fallacies" by…

  13. The Poetry of the King James Version of the Bible in the College Literature Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwood, Edward L.

    This study discusses the literary excellence of the King James Version of the Bible, in order to encourage its use in college literature classes. Separate chapters present a brief history of the literary treatment of the Bible, a summary of the variety of literary genres contained in the Bible, a demonstration of structural features basic to…

  14. Developing Reflective Dispositions through Collaborative Knowledge-Building during Small Group Bible Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toh, Tze Keong; Koh, Joyce Hwee Ling; Chai, Ching Sing

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the use of a constructivist pedagogical approach to cultivate reflective dispositions during small group Bible study. Conducted in a local church Bible class setting (n = 12), the instructional design emulated the reflective thinking process, while adopting collaborative knowledge-building as its pedagogical framework.…

  15. Reading the Bible, Stressful Life Events, and Hope: Assessing an Overlooked Coping Resource.

    PubMed

    Krause, Neal; Pargament, Kenneth I

    2018-03-28

    Many people rely on religion to deal with the stressors in their lives. The purpose of this study is to examine a religious coping resource that has received relatively little attention-reading the Bible. We evaluated three hypotheses: (1) reading the Bible moderates the relationship between stress and hope; (2) people who read the Bible more often are more likely to rely on benevolent religious reappraisal coping responses; and (3) individuals who rely on benevolent religious reappraisals will be more hopeful about the future. Support was found for all three hypotheses in our analyses.

  16. Some Humor in the Bible.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woehlk, Heinz D.

    The Bible contains a variety of literary genres including drama, tragedy, and epic poetry, and it is an excellent basis for character study. It also contains a certain amount of humor, which should not be overlooked by students of biblical literature. Examples of intentional humor include the second version of the creation, found in the second…

  17. Living inside the Bible (Belt)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Shannon

    2007-01-01

    When evangelical Christian students enter the academy, they often find that its tenets and values conflict with their reliance on the Bible as a source of truth and evidence. In this essay, the author attempts to articulate the ways in which rhetorical dexterity might enable students to use literacies they already possess (like deep knowledge of…

  18. Experience Has Ways of Boiling over: Pursuing a Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2009-01-01

    This article builds on Greenstein's advocacy of a "pragmatic pedagogy of Bible" by pursuing four issues. First, do we select among methodological approaches to Bible according to our desired interpretive outcome but not according to any internal criteria? Is it merely a matter of "choice"? Second, in what sense are interpretive approaches usefully…

  19. A Pragmatic Pedagogy of Bible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenstein, Edward L.

    2009-01-01

    Many Bible scholars have become aware of the fact that the results we produce are dependent on the particular approaches that we choose to employ, and have become more self-conscious about the methods we use and the reasons we use them. Each approach to the analysis and interpretation of a text will yield its own type of meaning or understanding.…

  20. Contextualizing Community in Teacher Bible Talk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avni, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the interactions surrounding Bible teaching as a means of understanding how Jewish youth are discursively implicated within ideologies of community. Drawing on theoretical frameworks from linguistic anthropology and interactional sociolinguistics, I present a micro-analysis of a classroom lesson on the book of Leviticus to…

  1. Proton milliprobe analyses of the Gutenberg Bible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusko, Bruce H.; Cahill, Thomas A.; Eldred, Robert A.; Schwab, Richard N.

    1984-04-01

    The advent of printing with movable type is properly regarded as the most important technological event in modern cultural history, yet its earliest history is shrouded in mystery. The Davis proton milliprobe has enabled scientists and humanist scholars to collaborate in unlocking the secrets of earliest print, focusing on the contribution of Johannes Gutenberg. The 42-line Gutenberg Bible is not only the first book printed by movable type, it is considered by many to be the finest book every printed. Unfortunately very little is known about the materials and techniques used in this first large scale printing operation. In October 1982 we had the unprecedented opportunity to examine page-by-page the inks, papers, illuminations and binding of volume I of the Doheny Gutenberg Bible. A similar study of the Lilly New Testament (most of volume II) was undertaken in March 1983. The results, some wholly unexpected and very exciting, add a large new body of information about this great work, and give us new enlightenment on the day-to-day production of this first and most important printed book. Moreover, the discovery of the uniqueness of the ink in Gutenberg's Bible, combined with our ability to taken minutely detailed and non-destructive elemental "fingerprints" with the milliprobe beam of all man-made papers and inks, gives us a weapon that has never been available before to investigate some of the controversial basic questions in the history of the origins of printing technology.

  2. Heavenly Conflicts: The Bible and Astronomy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avalos, Hector

    1998-01-01

    The relationship between the Bible and modern astronomy has been complicated and often turbulent. Many scientists would argue that for modern astronomy to be born, biblical cosmology had to die. Article includes a history of the church/science relationship, a primer in biblical cosmologies, and a discussion of some philosophical problems behind…

  3. Higher Education and Happiness: The Perspectives of the Bible and Tao Te Ching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the concepts and principles of happiness shown in the Bible and Tao Te Ching for implications in higher education. To review the paper systematically, three research questions are addressed. First, what are happiness concepts and principles in the Bible? Second, what are happiness concepts and principles in…

  4. Using the Contextual Orientation to Facilitate the Study of Bible with Generation X

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cousens, Beth; Morrison, Jeremy S.; Fendrick, Susan P.

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates the use of the contextual orientation to the Bible--which seeks to understand the Bible as a product of its time, and in the context of historical-critical biblical scholarship--as a deliberate, significant aspect of a teacher's overall approach to reaching Jewish adults in their 20s and 30s. Through classroom observation…

  5. The Bible in the Family Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worsley, Howard

    2010-01-01

    This article details new material on the methodological procedure and the resultant data reduction of an investigation of what happens when Bible stories are told to children in the home. The wider material is written up in a book currently being published by Jessica Kingsley (in 2009), entitled "A child sees God". In this title, the…

  6. Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, William E.

    1999-01-01

    Argues that, contrary to the common view, Galileo and the theologians of the Inquisition share the same fundamental principles of biblical interpretation. Contends that Galileo and these theologians thought that the Bible contained truths about nature, but Galileo denied what the theologians accepted as scientifically true. Contains 93 references.…

  7. Drowning in the bible and contemporary society: responsibilities of religious caregivers.

    PubMed

    Avramidis, Stathis

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study was to research drowning incidents and rescues that are included in the Bible and provide recommendations for how religious caregivers can support psychologically affected victims. Results confirm that the Bible contains six aquatic emergencies. Persons threatened with drowning were saved by an act of God, a human act and acts of human/divine interaction, when, for example, a person was ordered by God to perform an action which resulted in saving people on the threshold of drowning. The drowning casualties were largely individual males and some cases with multiple victims (male and female) as well. The outcomes of the drowning incidents were the survival of most of the casualties whose stories are told in the Bible. One person is reported to have drowned. Drowning incidents occurred at sea and on earth. The types of rescues used were reach-rescue and rescue and survival. The drowning casualties were rescued from land and from ships and boats by human rescuers. Some rescues were achieved by divine miracles.

  8. The King James Bible and the Politics of Religious Education: Secular State and Sacred Scripture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gearon, Liam

    2013-01-01

    This article provides an outline historical-educational analysis of the King James Bible from its 1611 publication through to its four-hundredth anniversary commemoration in 2011. With particular focus on England, the article traces the educational impact of the King James Bible and charts, in the country of its origin, its progressive decline in…

  9. The Relationship between Bible Reading and Attitude toward Substance Use among 13-15 Year Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.

    2002-01-01

    The relationship between Bible reading and attitude toward drug use is examined among a sample of 25,888 teenagers, 13-15 year olds, throughout England and Wales. Information about sex, age, personality, belief in God, and church attendance was also considered. The conclusion is that Bible reading makes a small but significant contribution to…

  10. "Sodom and Gomorrah were Lovers": The Case for Teaching the Bible in Canadian English Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomkins, Muriel W.

    1968-01-01

    The current neglect of the study of the Bible in Canadian high school English programs has deprived students of a rich cultural resource of language and literature. The Bible ought to be considered as an unrivaled collection of all types of literature, whose characters are frequently rooted in historical fact and whose themes have relevance today.…

  11. Medicine in the Holy Bible.

    PubMed

    Subhaktha, P K

    1998-07-01

    The study of history of medical science from non-medical sources needs no apology. At first sight the discussion of what was thought in the past rather than what is known now appears to be of merely anti-quarian value. The Hebrews can be proud of having preserved in the Old Testament many old medical practices and traditions which throw light on ancient medicine in general and on Hebrew medical practices in particular. The Bible is a genuinely documented book presenting the wisdom, medical knowledge and the culture of a nomadic race.

  12. The Relationship between Bible Literacy and Behavioral and Academic Outcomes in Urban Areas: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeynes, William

    2010-01-01

    A meta-analysis is undertaken, including 11 studies, to determine whether there is a relationship between Bible knowledge on one hand and academic and behavioral outcomes on the other among those living in urban areas. The results indicate that increased Bible knowledge is associated with higher levels of student academic achievement and positive…

  13. The Silk Road, Marco Polo, a Bible and its proteome: a detective story.

    PubMed

    Toniolo, Lucia; D'Amato, Alfonsina; Saccenti, Riccardo; Gulotta, Davide; Righetti, Pier Giorgio

    2012-06-18

    Around the end of XIII century (at the time of young Marco Polo's first trip to China at the court of Khubilai Khan in Khan Baliq) a pocket Bible was delivered by a Franciscan friar to the Mogul Emperor, in the framework of the evangelization program of the Far East. Four centuries later, in 1685, this Bible was rediscovered by the Jesuit Philippe Couplet in the house of a rich Chinese in Nanchin and donated to Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany. This Bible was recently "unearthed" in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence, wrapped up in a precious yellow silk cloth, in a rather ruined state. After two years of restoration, the Bible will return to China in 2012 for a celebration of its >700years of life and of its remarkable return trip on the Silk Road. On account of the thinness of the parchment (barely 80μm thickness, the size of each foil being 16.5×11cm) it was widely held that the pages were produced from foetal lambskins. On tiny fragments of the margins of a foil, after several unsuccessful attempts at digesting the vellum, we were able to obtain a tryptic peptide mixture, which, upon mass spectrometry analysis, yielded the identity of 8 unique proteins, belonging to the genus Bos taurus, thus confirming the origin of the vellum from calfskins rather than from foetal lambskins. Our results prove that it is possible to obtain reliable protein extraction and IDs from ancient parchment documents. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Lightweight, high-opacity Bible paper by fiber loading

    Treesearch

    Klaus Doelle; Oliver Heise; John H. Klungness; Said M. AbuBakr

    2000-01-01

    This paper has been prepared in order to discuss Fiber Loading™ for lightweight, high-opacity bible paper. Incorporating fillers within pulp fibers has been subject to research since 1960 (Green et al. 1962, Scallan et al. 1985, Allen et al. 1992). Fiber Loading™ is a method for manufacturing precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) directly within the pulp processing...

  15. Chapter 4: neurology in the Bible and the Talmud.

    PubMed

    Feinsod, Moshe

    2010-01-01

    The Bible, a major pillar of Western Civilization consists of Hebrew Scriptures, assembled over a millennium and accepted as of divine origin. The Talmud is a compendium of Jewish laws, covering every possible aspect of life, analyzed in depth from 200 BCE to 600 CE, becoming the foundation of Jewish existence. The all-encompassing character of the books provides numerous medical problems and observations that appear in various connotations. When in need to clarify various legal dilemmas, the Talmudic sages displayed astoundingly accurate anatomical knowledge and were pioneers in clinical-pathological correlations. The descriptions of "neurological" events in the Bible are very precise but show no evidence of neurological knowledge. Those reported in the various tractates of the Talmud are evidence of a substantial medical knowledge, marked by Hellenistic influence. Subjects such as head and spinal injuries, epilepsy, handedness neuralgias aphasia tinnitus and tremor were discussed in depth. This chapter is an updated collection of the studies, extracting observations and discussions of neurological manifestations from the ancient texts.

  16. Perfect Prophets, Helpful Hippos, and Happy Endings: Noah and Jonah in Children's Bible Storybooks in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2007-01-01

    This article is based on a study of hundreds of children's bible storybooks available in the United States from 1850 to the present and focuses on the way the biblical stories of Noah and Jonah have been retold for children. These children's bible storybooks lend insight into the American church's changing assumptions about the purpose of the…

  17. [Head injuries in the Bible].

    PubMed

    Feinsod, M

    1995-12-15

    3 cases of head injury are described in the Bible: the death of Sisera by the hand of Jael (Judges 4: 21; 5: 25); the skull fractures of Avimelech incurred at the tower of Tevetz, (Judges, 9: 53, 54); and the slaying of Goliath by David, (Samuel I 17: 49-51). The various attempts to understand the mechanisms of these head injuries using philology, knowledge of the art of biblical warfare and modern medical considerations are reviewed. We try to identify the site of the mortal blow to Sisera's head, to understand why Avimelech asked to be killed, and to decide whether the giant from Gath was a rugged warrior or just an endocrinological cripple.

  18. Emotional Intelligence, Religiosity, and Authoritarianism in Canadian Bible College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boughan, Mark Arthur

    2009-01-01

    Institutions of higher education are required to initiate student outcomes assessment programs. Such programs are more complex in Bible colleges due to concerns related to spiritual and religious development and the lack of appropriate related assessment tools. Further, as there are indications that religious development may result in increased…

  19. John Nelson Darby: Scholarship that Influenced the Bible College Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutherland, Winston Terrance

    2010-01-01

    The study reported in this article focused on the scholastic life of John Nelson Darby and his contributions to the Bible college movement. Darby continues to exert a great influence on Christianity, particularly conservative evangelical Christianity. This research provides a discussion of the forces that conspired to shape the direction of…

  20. Response to the Suite of Articles on Teaching the Bible from the "Journal of Jewish Education" 74:1 (2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holtz, Barry W.

    2008-01-01

    This article responds to three articles in the most recent issue of "The Journal of Jewish Education" (74:1) in which a variety of researchers examined Bible teaching that employed an approach to Bible pedagogy that had been characterized by the present author as "the Contextual orientation" in his previously published book, "Textual Knowledge:…

  1. Psychological Type Preferences of Female Bible College Students in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, William K.; Francis, Leslie J.

    2008-01-01

    A sample of 122 female students attending a Pentecostal Bible College in England completed Form G (Anglicised) of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The data demonstrated preferences for extraversion over introversion, for sensing over intuition, for feeling over thinking, and for judging over perceiving. The predominant type was ISFJ (16%),…

  2. Teaching the Bible and Film: Pedagogical Promises, Pitfalls, and Proposals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rindge, Matthew S.; Runions, Erin; Ascough, Richard S.

    2010-01-01

    This article begins by recognizing the increasing use of film in Religion, Theology, and Bible courses. It contends that in many Biblical Studies (and Religious Studies and Theology) courses, students are neither taught how to view films properly, nor how to place films into constructive dialogue with biblical texts. The article argues for a…

  3. History of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)--Current Academic Understandings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrahamson, Brant; Smith, Fred

    The lessons in the teacher's guide about the Bible's Old Testament are based on historic and scientific scholarship and, to avoid a sectarian point of view, focus on the factual data generated by academic research. The lessons are based on what is known about the nature of oral tradition, recent archaeological findings, and the academic biblical…

  4. Reading the Bible for guidance, comfort, and strength during stressful life events.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, Jill B; Moore, Angelo D; Johnson, Khishaana A; Koenig, Harold G

    2013-01-01

    The use of religious practices to promote mental health among African Americans is well documented. African Americans are more likely to report strong religious affiliations and to use religion over prescribed medications for mental health problems. However, few studies have explored how African Americans use religious practices in response to stressful life events. The aim of this study is to examine how African American women and men find comfort in using scripture passages from The Bible. Fifty-four African American adults residing in the Southeastern United States participated in a qualitative descriptive study using open-ended semistructured interviews. Participants were asked to describe their use of scripture passages from The Bible and the personal meanings associated with these scriptures in the context of a family death or life-threatening illness. These participants used scripture passages categorized as God as Protector, God as Beneficent, Praise and Thanksgiving, God as Healer, Memory of Forefathers, Prayers to God, and Life after Death. Few gender differences were noted. However, women were more likely to use scripture passages of God as Protector and Life after Death, whereas men were more likely to use God as Beneficent and God as Healer. The religious practice of reading scripture passages from The Bible is a mental health-promoting strategy used during stressful life events. The findings of this study have practical uses for nurses and can be used to inform acceptable and sensitive approaches in addressing mental health issues and spiritual care needs in African American patients.

  5. [Divine etiology in the Hebrew Bible: points of contact with Greek literature].

    PubMed

    Byl, S

    1998-11-01

    Simon Byl has explored all the passages in the Hebraic Bible where God is considered sometimes the cause of disease, sometimes the means of healing. He reveals a great number of points of view common to the Biblical literature and to the Ancient Greek literature, with regard to divine aetiology.

  6. Left and right in the Bible from a neuropsychological perspective.

    PubMed

    Fabbro, F

    1994-03-01

    Although in several neuropsychological works dealing with hemispheric specializations a few passages of the Bible referring to the left and the right have been mentioned now and then, a systematical study with a neuropsychological approach to this topic was still a missing link. By using concordance texts from the Bible books of the Hebrew Canon (Old Testament, OT) and from the New Testament (NT), all the verses containing any reference to the left and the right (OT = 151, NT = 49 verses) have been identified and classified into 10 groups: (1) references to space, (2) symmetric sayings, (3) the right hand is the favorite hand, (4) right eye preference, (5) God's right hand, (6) the right side is more prestigious, (7) the right side in liturgy, (8) left hand preference, (9) fatal left-hand shots, and (10) on the left side. Some statistical considerations have been put forward and a neuropsychological, anthropological approach has been suggested for the purpose of interpreting the most interesting verses. According to the author of the present paper, it would be worthwhile commenting on some texts of ancient and modern literature not only from a linguistic, historical, religious and theological point of view, but also by means of a neuropsychological approach.

  7. Should the Bible Be Taught as a Literary Classic in Public Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malikow, Max

    2010-01-01

    The research question "Should the Bible be taught as a literary classic in public education?" was pursued by a survey of nineteen scholars from three disciplines: education, literature, and law. The collected data served to guide the researcher in the writing of an analytical essay responding to the research question. The research…

  8. References to dentistry in the Bible and Talmud.

    PubMed

    Tal, M; Stern, N

    1976-01-01

    References were brought from the Bible and Talmud which prove that distinctions--morphological and functional--were recognized between incisors, canines, and molars. Diseases of the gums and pains originating from the teeth were cited from the Talmud. Examples were brought which show a clear distinction between a physician and a technician and also forms of healing and tooth-restoration were described. It is interesting that throughout most of these examples the dental patient is invariably a woman. Little has changed in this respect up to the present day, and, the woman still remains the dentist's most frequent patient.

  9. Is Bible Translation "Imperialist"? Challenging Another Anti-Christian Bias in the Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adrian, William

    2007-01-01

    A strong anti-Christian bias exists in the modern American university. It has been documented by George Marsden in his 1994 book, "The Soul of the American University," and by a growing number of other scholars. The modern university response to the history of Bible translation movements provides another example of the anti-Christian…

  10. Bible Reading and Prayer in the Public Schools: Their (Il)Legal Status.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monroe, E. M.; Monroe, J. M.

    Three major Supreme Court cases concerning Bible reading and prayer in the public schools are discussed. The constitutional bases for the court cases are the First and Fourteenth Amendments. The former expresses that Congress may make no laws to establish or to prohibit the free exercise of religion and the latter provides that no state shall…

  11. Emotional distress in the Hebrew Bible. Somatic or psychological?

    PubMed

    Mumford, D B

    1992-01-01

    A systematic search was made in the Hebrew Bible for expressions of emotional distress. A wide range of somatic and psychological vocabulary was found, especially in the Psalms and other poetic literature. Somatic expressions most frequently involved the heart, bowels, belly, bones, and eyes. Head symptoms were rare. Metaphors referring to the heart were common; other somatic expressions appeared to be descriptions of actual physical sensations. Usually somatic and psychological expressions were paired together, utilising the 'parallelism' of Hebrew verse form. Biblical Hebrew thus incorporated a powerful and sophisticated language of emotional expression.

  12. Diet, dietetics and flora of the Holy Bible.

    PubMed

    Subhaktha, P K J P; Narayana, Ala; Sharma, Bhuvnesh Kumar; Rao, M Mruthyumjaya

    2006-01-01

    The study of history of medical science from non-medical sources needs no apology. At first the discussion of what was thought in the past rather than what is known now appears to be of merely antiquarian value. The knowledge of Diet, Dietetics, medicinal plants dates back to the remote antiquity of mankind. The Hebrews can be proud of having preserved in the Old Testament many old medical practices and traditions, which throw light on ancient medicine. The Bible is genuinely documented book representing the wisdom, medical knowledge and the culture, of a nomadic race. This article contains information of some medicinal plants, which are useful for treating different kinds of ailments and some with nutritious qualities.

  13. Multi-Product Total Cost of Function for Higher Education: A Case of Bible Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koshal, Rajindar K.; Koshal, Manjulika; Gupta, Ashok

    2001-01-01

    This study empirically estimates a multiproduct total cost function and output relationship for comprehensive U.S. universities. Statistical results for 184 Bible colleges suggest that there are both economies of scale and of scope in higher education. Additionally, product-specific economies of scope exist for all output levels and activities.…

  14. English for Bible and Theology: Understanding and Communicating Theology across Cultural and Linguistic Barriers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierson, Cheri; Bankston, Will

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces English for Bible and Theology (EBT), an inherently interdisciplinary field that merges English language learning with the content of biblical and theological studies in a context that is, by nature, cross-cultural. Within this collaboration there exists the possibility not only to enable theological study, but also to…

  15. Variation of Zipf's exponent in one hundred live languages: A study of the Holy Bible translations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehri, Ali; Jamaati, Maryam

    2017-08-01

    Zipf's law, as a power-law regularity, confirms long-range correlations between the elements in natural and artificial systems. In this article, this law is evaluated for one hundred live languages. We calculate Zipf's exponent for translations of the holy Bible to several languages, for this purpose. The results show that, the average of Zipf's exponent in studied texts is slightly above unity. All studied languages in some families have Zipf's exponent lower/higher than unity. It seems that geographical distribution impresses the communication between speakers of different languages in a language family, and affect similarity between their Zipf's exponent. The Bible has unique concept regardless of its language, but the discrepancy in grammatical rules and syntactic regularities in applying stop words to make sentences and imply a certain concept, lead to difference in Zipf's exponent for various languages.

  16. Roots of neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery as found in the Bible and Talmud.

    PubMed

    Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios; Shoja, Mohammadali M; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A; Wellons, John C; Oakes, W Jerry

    2008-07-01

    Historical observations and interpretations regarding the treatment of components of the nervous system can be found in the writings of the Bible and Talmud. A review of topics germane to modern neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery from these early, rich writings is presented herein. These historic writings provide a glimpse into the early understanding, description, and treatment of pathologies of the nervous system.

  17. Bible Classes and the Spread of Literacy Education in Early Twentieth-Century Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Myung-sil

    2017-01-01

    Shortly after the rise of Protestantism in Korea in the 1880s, Bible classes began to be formed to promote the study of Christian scripture. By the mid-1890s, these classes were being widely offered. As a result of The Great Revival Movement of 1907, the need for a system to educate and form new believers became evident. In this article, I examine…

  18. Determining Perceptual Gaps of Service Quality and Value in Higher Education: A Midwestern Bible College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntosh, Benjamin T.

    2017-01-01

    This doctoral research project examined perceptual gaps of service quality and value in the context of higher education. The researcher performed quantitative analysis of survey data gathered from students at a small, Midwestern Bible college. Students self-selected to participate in this research project and, using class status as an independent…

  19. [Notes for a History of Hygiene taken from the Bible].

    PubMed

    Ledermann, Walter

    2016-08-01

    Reading once more the Gospels, we found a discussion between Jesus and the Pharisee about the hand washing, this golden rule of medicine, and then, with the help of Thomas Mann, we began a search for other notes on hygiene in the Bible. For the return from Egypt to the Promised Land, Moses established several rules for his people, some of them disguised as religious principles, concerning elimination of excreta, healthy and poisonous foods, isolation in case of contagious diseases (leprosy, gonorrhea), decontamination of clothes and houses, and many others that now seem to us ahead his time.

  20. Attitudes of Prairie Bible College Students toward Human Genetic Manipulation. A Survey and Comparative Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordahl, Ron, Ed.

    This document reports a survey instituted to compare the attitudes of students at a Christian college (Prairie Bible College) in Alberta, Canada with those of college students in general concerning the possible use of genetic manipulation. Comparison was made with the findings of a 1990 study by Geremia Veglia, et al., "Public Attitudes…

  1. The Fluid Mechanics of the Bible: Miracles Explainable by Christian Science?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lang, Amy

    2015-11-01

    The Bible is full of accounts clearly in violation of our scientific understanding of fluid mechanics. Examples include the floating axe head, Jesus walking on the water and immediately calming a storm. ``Jesus of Nazareth was the most scientific man that ever trod the globe. He plunged beneath the material surface of things, and found the spiritual cause,'' wrote Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910), the founder of a now well-established religion known as Christian Science, in her seminal work Science & Health with Key to the Scriptures. She asserted that Jesus' miracles were in accord with the, ``Science of God's unchangeable law.'' She also proclaimed that matter is a derivative of consciousness. Independently with the discovery of quantum mechanics, physicists such as Max Planck and Sir James Jeans began to make similar statements (``The Mental Universe'', Nature, 2005). More recently, Max Tegmark (MIT) theorized that consciousness is a state of matter (New Scientist, April 2014). Using a paradigm shift from matter to consciousness as the primary substance, one can scientifically explain how a mental activity (i.e. prayer) could influence the physical. Since this conference is next door to the original church of Christian Science (Const. 1894), this talk will discuss various fluid-mechanic miracles in the Bible and provide an explanation based on divine metaphysics while providing an overview of scientific Christianity and its unifying influence to the fields of science, theology and medicine.

  2. Learning to Read the Bible with Desire: Teaching the Eros of Exegesis in the Theological Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaage, Leif E.

    2007-01-01

    The article begins with two brief theoretical descriptions of a pedagogy of desire vis-a-vis the Christian Bible. The first of these is a poem; the second summarizes the conversation constituted by four quite different books: the "Confessions" by Augustine of Hippo, "Freud & Philosophy" by Paul Ricoeur, "Pedagogy of…

  3. Development of an Information Literacy Program for the Degree Completion Program at Philadelphia College of Bible.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Lyn S.; Ryan, G. Jeremiah

    One of the major requirements in the degree completion program at Philadelphia College of Bible (Pennsylvania) is the completion of a major research paper. The paper is designed to develop research skills, sharpen writing skills, encourage critical thinking, and promote problem-solving skills. Students were not adequately prepared by either the…

  4. Do Native American Culture, Life Experiences, Physics and the Bible Provide Supportive Evidence For Julian Barbour's Thesis About Anachronisms Relating to The End of Time?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mears, Paul C.; Mc Leod, Roger D.

    2002-10-01

    Historic, and current Native American attitude considers that time can be considered in a cyclic sense that contrasts against a majority view of physicists that time varies in a linear algebraic sense. Precognition experiences offer evidence that time has a more subtle substance. The Bible clearly delineates "prophetic awareness of the future." Embedded "Bible codes" are touted as mathematical evidence for the existence of God. His existence is better served if "past-tense" information of events can propagate backward relative to our "present-tense" time. Barbour, p39: [some] " physicists entertain the idea time truly does not exist applies to motion .suggestion; it too is pure illusion." The concept of prophecy has been interpreted as evidence or "proof" of the existence of "Manitou" or God. Our interpretation is that, according to Native American legends, or the Bible, for as yet unspecified reasons, time behaves as though it can convey information in a backward, or forward, sense. It is like an f (t ± ti).

  5. "Students Get Bogged Down": How Religious Israeli Elementary Teachers View Problems and Solutions in Bible Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walfish, Ruth A.; Brody, David L.

    2018-01-01

    Bible teachers in contemporary society confront serious problems related to the nature of the biblical text and the socio-cultural context of their teaching. This study, based on semi-structured interviews, examines the problems that five expert religious Israeli elementary school teachers encounter in their teaching and the solutions they employ.…

  6. Meek and Mild: American Children's Bibles' Stories of Jesus as a Boy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2014-01-01

    The four canonical gospels provide readers with few details of the life of Jesus as a boy. Many authors of children's bibles in America, however, have been happy to fill in some of the details. This article suggests that these retellings regularly create or adapt stories of Jesus' childhood to teach children virtues that serve to affirm…

  7. The Bible as Transformational Object: The Psychoanalytic Theories of Christopher Bollas and Their Relevance for Religious Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeGear, Elizabeth Berne

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the psychoanalytic concepts of object-relations theorist Christopher Bollas, applying them to a view of the Bible as "transformational object." Emphasizing the connection between psychological process and religious experience, this article suggests that each person's innate ability to choose and use objects is a key…

  8. Stages of Geoinformation Evolution Related to the Territories Described in the Bible - from the 3Rd Millennium B.C. to Modern Times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linsenbarth, Adam

    2012-09-01

    The paper presents consecutive stages of the evolution of geoinformation related to the territories of the events described in the Bible. Two geoinformation sources are presented: the Bible and non-Bible sources. In the Bible there is much, often some highly detailed information regarding terrain topography. The oldest non-Bible sources are incorporated in the ancient documents, which were discovered in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Some of them are related to the 3rd millen- nium B.C. The further stages are related to the onomasticons and itineraries written by travellers and pilgrims to the Holy Land. The most famous onomasticons include: onomasticons prepared by bishop Eusebius from Caesarea and those pre- pared by St. Jerome. One of the oldest maps of Palestine's territory is the so-called mosaic map of Madaba dated to 565. In the 15th century several Bible maps were edited. The most rapid evolution occurred in the 16th and 17* centuries, when the world famous cartographers such as Mercator and Ortelius edited several maps of Palestine's territory. Cartographers from several European countries edited more than 6,000 maps presenting the Biblical territories and Biblical events. Modem maps, based on detailed topographical surveys, were edited m the second half of the 19* and 20th centuries. W artykule przedstawiono kolejne etapy rozwoju geoinformacji dotyczącej terenówr biblijnych. Omówiono dwa źródła informacji, a mianowicie geoinformacje biblijne i pozabiblijne. W tekstach biblijnych można znaleźć wiele, często bardzo detalicznych informacji topograficznych. Najstarsze źródła pozabiblijne, to starożytne dokumenty odnalezione na terenach Egiptu i Mezopotamii. Niektóre z nich pochodzą z trzeciego milenium przed Chr. Kolejnym etapem geoinformacji były onomastikony oraz dzienniki podróży pisane przez podróżników i pielgrzymów do Ziemi Świętej. Do najbardziej znanych należy onomastikon sporządzony przez biskupa Euzebiusza z Cezarei oraz

  9. Extension Education: Training Coordinators to Facilitate Distance Education through the Assemblies of God Bible Institute in Belize

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castleberry, Terry Lane

    2010-01-01

    The specific objective of this project was to train coordinators to open new extension classes and effectively facilitate existing extension classes offered by the Assemblies of God Bible Institute (AGBI) in Belize. Extensive biblical and literary research and a thorough evaluation of current extension classes led to the development of a…

  10. Bible Study in the Public Schools. "Wiley v. Board of Education," 468 F. Supp. 133 (E.D. Tenn. 1979).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, J. Mark

    1979-01-01

    Rather than allowing the unconstitutional Bible study program to remain in the schools in a modified form, the Court should have opted for a released-time arrangement. Available from Tennessee Law Review Association, Inc., 1505 W. Cumberland Ave., Knoxville, TN 37916. (Author/IRT)

  11. Hymns, Prayers and Bible Stories: The Role of Religious Literacy Practices in Children's Literacy Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papen, Uta

    2018-01-01

    This paper examines the role of religious literacy practices such as hymns, prayers and Bible stories in the context of literacy teaching in primary schools in England. Drawing on data collected through a classroom ethnography of a year 1 class (five and six-year-olds) conducted in a Catholic primary school in 2013 and 2014, I suggest that…

  12. Education for Committed Leadership: The Correlation between Bible College Institutional Culture and Student Commitment to the Religious Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bland, Mary J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to confirm the belief that differences in the institutional culture of United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI)-endorsed Bible colleges correlate with changes in the level of identification with the UPCI experienced by students who complete a program of study at these institutions. Because adherents of the UPCI…

  13. Designing a Curriculum Model for the Teaching of the Bible in UK Jewish Secondary Schools: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn, Eli

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the process of designing a curriculum model for Bible teaching in UK Jewish secondary schools. This model was designed over the period 2008-2010 by a team of curriculum specialists from the Jewish Curriculum Partnership UK in collaboration with a group of teachers from Jewish secondary schools. The paper first outlines the…

  14. Christian Universities and Colleges: The Need to Train Instructors to Teach the Bible as Literature in Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeynes, William H.

    2012-01-01

    The author examines the national growth of Bible literacy courses in America's public schools and examines what steps Christian universities and colleges can take to help meet the demand for teachers for these courses. The author asserts that several sources of training are currently available, but declares that they will be unable to train a…

  15. Speaking in Parables: The Responses of Students to a Bible-Based Ethos in a Christian City Technology College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Elizabeth H.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the engagement of Year 10 students with the Bible-based ethos of their City Technology College by describing and analysing their engagement with tutor prayers. It concludes that students are impacted by some of the key beliefs which underpin the ethos, conceptualised as a faith habitus. In particular they privilege being…

  16. A Comparative Study of Culture Hero Motifs in the Bible and in the Folklore of the Plains Indians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Job, Marcus

    It was the purpose of this paper to: (1) compare culture hero motifs in the tales of the North American Plains Indians with similar motifs in the Bible, particularly the Old Testament; (2) show the extent to which these similarities occurred; and (3) investigate the probable causes and effects of the similarities and how they apply to the…

  17. A journey to the bible lands: a call from the past to the present in astonishing ways.

    PubMed

    Brown, Geraldine

    2013-01-01

    I traveled to the Middle East six times between 1978 and 200. These trips will always remain among my most precious memories. These trips included visiting Tele Aviv, Jerusalem (Old and New), Bethlehem, Haifa, Galilee, Golan Heights, Tiberius, Temple Mount, Ein Gedi Beach (Dead Sea), the Masada, Sinai, Caesarea, and Megiddo (Armageddon). The Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Inc. (New York City) was the Host Church, with Dr. Robert Spellman (a Senior Professor at Essex County College (New Jersey), Bishop/Pastor of the Macedonia Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ (Newark, NJ), and Bible Seminar Teacher, was the Tour Leader. During these travels, many airlines were used, including British Airways, El Al, Olympia, Lufthansa, and Alitalia. Side trips included Egypt, Jordan (Petra), and Europe (Greece, London, Paris, Rome). This tour in my own words, hopefully will entice and enlighten others to plan a trip to the most sacred ground on earth. I trust there will be as much enjoyment as I have had and am still having in sharing the biblical knowledge as it relates to the Bible lessons I learned over the years in Sunday School and actually comparing them today with the Holy Land itself.

  18. Development and evaluation of a bible college-based course on faith and health.

    PubMed

    Pichert, James W; McClellan, Linda H; Larson, Celia; Kenerson, Donna; Brown, Anne; Reid, Ron; Miller, Stephania; Hargreaves, Margaret

    2006-01-01

    Research supports the potential effectiveness of health programs offered through African American churches, but pastors are often unprepared to assess the value of and help their congregations adopt such programs. This article summarizes how Nashville REACH 2010 addressed these issues via a "Faith and Health" course offered by the American Baptist College, a 4-year coeducational, liberal arts Bible college serving a predominantly African American student body. Participants became change agents by planning health-related programs for their congregations. Content analysis of student projects revealed 5 themes deemed important for program implementation and instituting systems change.

  19. The second missing link: Bible nursing in 19th century London.

    PubMed

    Denny, E

    1997-12-01

    The London Bible and Domestic Female Mission was founded in 1857 by Ellen Ranyard. A nursing mission was added in 1868. The structure and work of the mission can be used to exemplify three strategies utilized in Victorian philanthropy. First, the use of working class women in the maintenance of social order, secondly the utilization of the middle class household to exemplify relations between the social classes, and thirdly the creation of districts in an attempt to recreate a 'golden age' of rural communities. Ranyard created a women's mission to women. As such it did not display the gender division of labour apparent in much health and caring work, but a hierarchical division of labour based on social class is evident.

  20. Reading Sacred Texts in the Classroom: The Alignment between Students and Their Teacher's Interpretive Stances When Reading the Hebrew Bible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenfeld, Ziva R.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the voices of students interpreting Hebrew Bible texts in one fourth-grade classroom. Through think-alouds on the Biblical text with each student, exit interviews, teacher interviews, and classroom observations, this study found that those students whose interpretive stances were more aligned with the teacher's were given…

  1. Job of the Bible: leprosy or scabies?

    PubMed

    Appelboom, Thierry; Cogan, Elie; Klastersky, Jean

    2007-04-01

    Proposing a medical diagnosis a posteriori of a person who died a long time ago is not as impossible as it sounds if sufficient medical history is available.A whole book of the Bible is devoted to Job and his trials. The diagnosis of leprosy has been generally accepted by medieval commentators because the verses of the Book speak of ulcers disseminated over the skin, and also because leprosy is an exemplary sanction imposed by way of example by God to punish those who have committed a sin. In this paper, we have taken the different verses with a medical content from the Book of Job, and reconstructed the clinical picture as if the patient had turned up in the 21st century in order to see if the diagnosis of leprosy may be called into question, and to discuss the limits of the medico-historic approach. The clinical picture of the disease consists of deterioration in the general condition, with widespread pain, confusion, skin eruptions, bilious vomiting, and so on. Under these conditions, if Job did exist, and if the retrospective medical history is reliable, the most likely diagnosis is that of scabies rather than leprosy. Copyright (c) 2007 Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

  2. ON TEACHING THE BIBLE AS LITERATURE, A GUIDE TO SELECTED BIBLICAL NARRATIVES FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACKERMAN, JAMES S.; HAWLEY, JANE STOUDER

    WRITTEN FOR USE WITH SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS, THIS GUIDE TO THE SECULAR AND OBJECTIVE TEACHING OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE EMPHASIZES THE HISTORICAL AND LITERARY CONTEXT OF THE BIBLE RATHER THAN THEOLOGICAL INTERPRETATIONS, AND PRESENTS HISTORICAL, TEXTUAL, AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND MATERIAL FOR SELECTED OLD TESTAMENT NARRATIVES. PART 1 OF THE GUIDE…

  3. The Influence of Institutional Culture on Institutional Choice and Post-Freshman Persistence of American Indian/Alaska Native Students at a Bible College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saggio, Joseph J.

    This study examined American Indian and Alaska Native students' college choice and persistence beyond the freshman year at American Indian College. Focus groups and interviews were conducted with 29 students from 18 tribes attending American Indian College, a very small Bible college affiliated with the Assemblies of God and located in Phoenix,…

  4. The inclination to evil and the punishment of crime - from the bible to behavioral genetics.

    PubMed

    Gold, Azgad; S Appelbaum, Paul

    2014-01-01

    The evolving field of behavioral genetics is gradually elucidating the complex interplay between genes and environment. Scientific data pertaining to the behavioral genetics of violent behavior provides a new context for an old dilemma regarding criminal responsibility and punishment: if the inclination to violent behavior is inherent in someone's nature, how should it affect punishment for crime? Should it be considered as a mitigating or an aggravating factor? Given psychiatrists' increasing involvement in providing testimony on behavioral genetics in the criminal justice system, this paper first provides the necessary background required for understanding how this question arises and reviews the relevant literature. Then, we address this question from the perspective of the Bible and its commentators, in the belief that their insights may enrich the contemporary discussion of this question.

  5. The Inclination to Evil and the Punishment of Crime - from the Bible to Behavioral Genetics

    PubMed Central

    Gold, Azgad; Appelbaum, Paul S.

    2012-01-01

    The evolving field of behavioral genetics is gradually elucidating the complex interplay between genes and environment. Scientific data pertaining to the behavioral genetics of violent behavior provides a new context for an old dilemma regarding criminal responsibility and punishment: if the inclination to violent behavior is inherent in someone's nature, how should it affect punishment for crime? Should it be considered as a mitigating or an aggravating factor? Given psychiatrists’ increasing involvement in providing testimony on behavioral genetics in the criminal justice system, this paper first provides the necessary background required for understanding how this question arises and reviews the relevant literature. Then, we address this question from the perspective of the Bible and its commentators, in the belief that their insights may enrich the contemporary discussion of this question. PMID:25618278

  6. Debating LGBT Workplace Protections in the Bible Belt: Social Identities in Legislative and Media Discourse.

    PubMed

    Rhodes, Claire D; Stewart, Craig O

    2016-07-01

    This article reports a case study of the legislative and media discourse surrounding the addition of sexual orientation and gender identity language to the employment nondiscrimination ordinance of a city in the heart of the Bible Belt. The purpose of the study is to uncover how different identities were constructed and contested at city council meetings and in the news media on the way to passing legal protection for LGBT city employees in a region that is often characterized by anti-gay prejudice. This debate over the nondiscrimination ordinance centered on the question of whether LGBT identities are equivalent to identity categories based on race, gender, or religious belief, and it was shaped by various intergroup communication dynamics, specifically between members of the LGBT minority and the straight majority, between LGBT and Christian identities, and between "true" and "false" Christian identities.

  7. Relationships between God and people in the Bible, part III: When the other is an outsider.

    PubMed

    Popp, Carol; Luborsky, Lester; Descôteaux, Jean; Diguer, Louis; Andrusyna, Tomasz P; Kirk, Dan; Cotsonis, George

    2004-01-01

    This study considers intergroup attitudes in the Bible and compares relationships between God or Jesus and (a) Torah non-Israelites; (b) New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus; and (c) New Testament people who were not Jewish. Torah non-Israelites belonged to an out-group with respect to the Hebrew Torah, New Testament people who were not followers of Jesus belonged to an out-group with respect to the Christian New Testament, and New Testament people who were not Jewish were an in-group with respect to Christians. Results were that God or Jesus' relationships were very negative with people in the Torah who were non-Israelites and with people in the New Testament who were not followers, while relationships were positive with people in the New Testament who were not Jewish. Thus, in conclusion, results indicate that both the New Testament and the Torah portray negative relationships between God or Jesus and members of out-groups. Relationships portrayed in New Testament narratives about God and people who were not followers were sometimes more negative than observed for other groups in the New Testament and the Torah; for people who were viewed as outsiders, the New Testament could sometimes be more negative than the Torah. An aim of this study was to identify patterns of relationships between God or Jesus and different types of people in narratives of the Torah and in the New Testament. One of the characteristics of different types of people, including people described in biblical narratives, is whether they are members of in-groups or out-groups. Our focus in this report is on biblical narratives about people who are members of out-groups. The results contribute a clinical-quantitative assessment of out-groups in the Torah and New Testament that is focused on relationship with God, a central issue in the psychology of religion and the Bible.

  8. [Where it is shown that a quarrel about precedence can lead to the Holy Bible].

    PubMed

    Lafont, Olivier

    2006-11-01

    The custom to print a "synthesis", for the last part of the mastership examination, the "chef d'oeuvre" was established in most of French towns. Kind of printed programme, the "synthesis" was a sheet of paper, of poster size. It listed the practicals to perform and the members of the jury, etc. The listing of the apothecaries participating in the jury used to be accompanied by elogious formulations i.e. "celeberrimo coet-cui pharmacoporum". The physicians immeditely reacted. How was it possible? Such elogious terms should be used for medicine doctors only! Not for apothecaries! Various printed arguments were exchanged and a tumultuous process took place. A judgement occured on December 14 1656: Such terms of Honour should be avoided in the future. During this judiciary episode, Latin citations from "Ecclesistics, 38" were exchanged. This ridiculous quarell rised nevertheless some serious questions. Didn't the translation of the Bible in modern languages contain some indaquancies concerning the people in charge of preparing and dispensing the medicines? A study of original Greek texts showed that it was the case.

  9. Religiosity, self-control, and virginity status in college students from the “Bible Belt”: a research note.

    PubMed

    Vazsonyi, Alexander T; Jenkins, Dusty D

    2010-01-01

    Using a sample of college students (N = 904) from the "Bible Belt," this study examines the effect of religiosity and self-control on late adolescents' delay in initiating sexual intercourse or oral sex. Findings from logistic regressions provide evidence that for each one unit increase in self-control, the odds of a male remaining a virgin or of delaying oral sex increased by a factor of 1.82 and 2.84, respectively, while for females, the odds of not engaging in oral sex increased by a factor of 1.67. In addition to the effect of self-control, a one unit increase in religiosity results in the odds of a male remaining a virgin by a factor of 3.86 and 3.30, respectively. For females the odds are increased by a factor of 4.13 and 2.60, respectively. Mediation tests also provided evidence that self-control mediated the effects by religiosity on both dependent measures. Thus, both religiosity and self-control independently and additively function as key social control mechanisms that promote late adolescent health.

  10. BIBLE A whole-air sampling as a window on Asian biogeochemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elliott, Scott; Blake, Donald R.; Blake, Nicola J.; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Rowland, F. Sherwood; Sive, Barkley C.; Smith, Felisa A.

    2003-02-01

    Asian trace gas and aerosol emissions into carbon, nitrogen, and other elemental cycles will figure prominently in near term Earth system evolution. Atmospheric hydrocarbon measurements resolve numerous chemical species and can be used to investigate sourcing for key geocarriers. A recent aircraft study of biomass burning and lightning (BIBLE A) explored the East Asian atmosphere and was unique in centering on the Indonesian archipelago. Samples of volatile organics taken over/between the islands of Japan, Saipan, Java, and Borneo are here examined as a guide to whole-air-based studies of future Asian biogeochemistry. The midlatitude onshore/offshore pulse and tropical convection strongly influence concentration distributions. As species of increasing molecular weight are considered, rural, combustion, and industrial source regimes emerge. Methane-rich inputs such as waste treatment and rice cultivation are evidenced in the geostrophic outflow. The Indonesian atmosphere is rich in biomass burning markers and also those of vehicular activity. Complexity of air chemistry in the archipelago is a direct reflection of diverse topography, land use, and local economies in a rapidly developing nation. Conspicuous in its absence is the fingerprint for liquefied petroleum gas leakage, but it can be expected to appear as demand for clean fossil fuels rises along with per capita incomes. Combustion tracers indicate high nitrogen mobilization rates, linking regional terrestrial geocycles with open marine ecosystems. Sea to air fluxes are superimposed on continental and marine backgrounds for the methyl halides. However, ocean hot spots are not coordinated and suggest an intricate subsurface kinetics. Levels of long-lived anthropogenic halocarbons attest to the success of international environmental treaties while reactive chlorine containing species track industrial air masses. The dozens of hydrocarbons resolvable by gas chromatographic methods will enable monitoring of

  11. Measurements of reactive nitrogen produced by tropical thunderstorms during BIBLE-C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koike, M.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Takegawa, N.; Nishi, N.; Kashihara, T.; Kawakami, S.; Kudoh, S.; Blake, D.; Shirai, T.; Liley, B.; Ko, M.; Miyazaki, Y.; Kawasaki, Z.; Ogawa, T.

    2007-09-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment phase C (BIBLE-C) aircraft mission was carried out near Darwin, Australia (12°S, 131°E) in December 2000. This was the first aircraft experiment designed to estimate lightning NO production rates in the tropics, where production is considered to be most intense. During the two flights (flights 10 and 13 made on December 9 and 11-12, respectively) enhancements of NOx (NO + NO2) up to 1000 and 1600 parts per trillion by volume (pptv, 10-s data) were observed at altitudes between 11.5 and 14 km. The Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) cloud (brightness temperature) data and ground-based lightning measurements by the Global Positioning and Tracking System (GPATS) indicate that there were intensive lightning events over the coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria, which took place upstream from our measurement area 10 to 14 h prior to the measurements. For these two flights, air in which NOx exceeded 100 pptv extended over 620 × 140 and 400 × 170 km2 (wind direction × perpendicular direction), respectively, suggesting a significant impact of lightning NO production on NOx levels in the tropics. We estimate the amount of NOx observed between 11.5 and 14 km produced by the thunderstorms to be 3.3 and 1.8 × 1029 NO molecules for flights 10 and 13, respectively. By using the GPATS lightning flash count data, column NO production rates are estimated to be 1.9-4.4 and 21-49 × 1025 NO molecules per single flash for these two flight data sets. In these estimations, it is assumed that the column NO production between 0 and 16 km is greater than the observed values between 11.5 and 14 km by a factor of 3.2, which is derived using results reported by Pickering et al. (1998). There are however large uncertainties in the GPATS lightning data in this study and care must be made when the production rates are referred. Uncertainties in these estimates are discussed. The impact on the ozone production rate is also described.

  12. Reactive nitrogen over the tropical western Pacific: Influence from lightning and biomass burning during BIBLE A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koike, M.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Nishi, N.; Liu, S. C.; Blake, D.; Ko, M.; Akutagawa, D.; Kawakami, S.; Takegawa, N.; Zhao, Y.; Ogawa, T.

    2002-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment phase A (BIBLE A) aircraft campaign was carried out over the tropical western Pacific in September and October 1998. During this period, biomass burning activity in Indonesia was quite weak. Mixing ratios of NOx and NOy in air masses that had crossed over the Indonesian islands within 3 days prior to the measurement (Indonesian air masses) were systematically higher than those in air masses originating from the central Pacific (tropical air masses). Sixty percent of the Indonesian air masses at 9-13 km (upper troposphere, UT) originated from the central Pacific. The differences in NOy mixing ratio between these two types of air masses were likely due to processes that occurred while air masses were over the Islands. Evidence presented in this paper suggests convection carries material from the surface, and NO is produced from lightning. At altitudes below 3 km (lower troposphere, LT), typical gradient of NOx and NOy to CO (dNOy/dCO and dNOx/dCO) was smaller than that in the biomass burning plumes and in urban areas, suggesting that neither source has a dominant influence. When the CO-NOx and CO-NOy relationships in the UT are compared to the reference relationships chosen for the LT, the NOx and NOy values are higher by 40-60 pptv (80% of NOx) and 70-100 pptv (50% of NOy). This difference is attributed to in situ production of NO by lightning. Analyses using air mass trajectories and geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) derived cloud height data show that convection over land, which could be accompanied by lightning activity, increases the NOx values, while convection over the ocean generally lowers the NOx level. These processes are found to have a significant impact on the O3 production rate over the tropical western Pacific.

  13. Reactive nitrogen over the tropical western Pacific: Influence from lightning and biomass burning during BIBLE A

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koike, M.; Kondo, Y.; Kita, K.; Nishi, N.; Liu, S. C.; Blake, D.; Ko, M.; Akutagawa, D.; Kawakami, S.; Takegawa, N.; Zhao, Y.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment phase A (BIBLE A) aircraft campaign was carried out over the tropical western Pacific in September and October 1998. During this period, biomass burning activity in Indonesia was quite weak. Mixing ratios of NOx and NOy in air masses that had crossed over the Indonesian islands within 3 days prior to the measurement (Indonesian air masses) were systematically higher than those in air masses originating from the central Pacific (tropical air masses). Sixty percent of the Indonesian air masses at 9-13 km (upper troposphere, UT) originated from the central Pacific. The differences in NOy mixing ratio between these two types of air masses were likely due to processes that occurred while air masses were over the Islands. Evidence presented in this paper suggests convection carries material from the surface, and NO is produced from lightning. At altitudes below 3 km (lower troposphere, LT), typical gradient of NOx and NOy to CO (dNOy/dCO and dNOx/dCO) was smaller than that in the biomass burning plumes and in urban areas, suggesting that neither source has a dominant influence. When the CO-NOx and CO-NOy relationships in the UT are compared to the reference relationships chosen for the LT, the NOx and NOy values are higher by 40-60 pptv (80% of NOx) and 70-100 pptv (50% of NOy). This difference is attributed to in situ production of NO by lightning. Analyses using air mass trajectories and geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) derived cloud height data show that convection over land, which could be accompanied by lightning activity, increases the NOx values, while convection over the ocean generally lowers the NOx level. These processes are found to have a significant impact on the O3 production rate over the tropical western Pacific.

  14. The religious and social principles of patients' rights in holy books (Avesta, Torah, Bible, and Quran) and in traditional medicine.

    PubMed

    Hatami, Hossein; Hatami, Maryam; Hatami, Neda

    2013-03-01

    Health protection and promotion in healthy people and restoring patients' health have been the most important themes in medicine and health throughout our history. Therefore, discussion of different aspects of patients' rights includes implementation of these objectives by the medical community, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, etc., and the people in charge of health affairs. The principal objective of our research is the study of medical ideology and the approaches of our ancestors in relation to different aspects of patients' rights. To study the different ideologies of traditional medicine in relation to patients' rights, appropriate data were extracted from the original resources of traditional medicine and from religious books. By means of library research we studied these resources in addition to electronic versions of the Alhavi book (by Rhazes), the Kamel-al-Sanaah (by Ahvazi), the Canon of Medicine (by Avicenna), the Zakhireye Khawrazmshahi (by Jorjani), the Avesta, the Torah, the Bible, the Quran, and many other resources, and, finally, after searching, gathering, and encoding the findings, analyzed them qualitatively for thematic content. The holy Avesta book clearly insists on the competence of physicians and setting the appointment fee in accordance with peoples' income. The Old Testament (holy Torah) warned government officials who did not observe patients' rights. In the four gospels (holy Bible) the importance of treatment and taking care of the patient is stressed. After the emergence of Islam, medical students, before beginning the principal courses, had to study Islamic jurisprudence, ethics, logic sciences, natural sciences, geometry, astrology, calculus, and similar courses so that after purifying their soul they could enter the saintly profession of physicians. The holy Quran refers to saving the life of a human irrespective of social class, race, and religion, and insists on exemption of patients from physical activity, including

  15. Strategic Implications of American Millennialism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-22

    religious and secular philosophies.11 Secular considerations notwithstanding, the single most important factor in western apocalypticism are the Bible ...specifically the books of Daniel and Revelation. In the Bible and subsequent philosophical interpretations, we can trace the source of our linear...in large part from extraordinary literalism of even the most figurative passages of the Bible . In America, literalism in biblical interpretation is

  16. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    PubMed

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  17. Opaque Communities: A Framework for Assessing Potential Homeland Security Threats from Voids on the Map

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    prophecies and statements contained in the King James Version of the Bible were applicable to current events and could be deciphered to predict the...Davidians maintained SDA traditions of being distrustful of both governmental authority and secularism while promoting a Bible -centric lifestyle.66 The group...extent possible. Through their unique religious practices, devotion to Bible study, and special diet, members maintained a regimented lifestyle that

  18. Stroke in ancient times: a reinterpretation of Psalms 137:5,6.

    PubMed

    Resende, Luiz Antonio de Lima; Weber, Silke Anna Theresa; Bertotti, Marcelo Fernando Zeugner; Agapejev, Svetlana

    2008-09-01

    Stroke was probably first described in Psalms 136: 5-6 of the Catholic Bible, and Psalms 137:5-6 of the Evangelical Bible. Based on the Portuguese, Spanish, English, German, Dutch, Russian, Greek, and original Hebrew Bible, the significance of this Psalm is the invocation of a punishment, of which the final result would be a stroke of the left middle cerebral artery, causing motor aphasia and right hemiparesis.

  19. Fighting Islamic Terrorists With Democracy: A Critique

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-21

    other hand, translations of the Bible from its Aramaic, Hebrew , and Koine Greek yield no such unlimited, violent imperatives requiring contemporary...pronouncements of a mere man who claimed to speak with the authority of Christ, and yet repeatedly contradicted the clear teachings of the Bible . Thus, the...faithful. And here is where the parallel between “fundamentalist” worshippers seeking to understand the Qur’an and the Bible —both written in tongues

  20. Removing the Stigma: For God and Country

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    Virginians to the Puritans. George Washington exemplified the sentiments of our founding fathers in his response to the address from the Hebrew Congregation...distribution of Bibles 18 to the Japanese people. He declared, “We must have ten thousand Christian missionaries and a million bibles to complete the...crosses and Christian messages were painted on military vehicles driving through Iraq; images of U.S. soldiers holding rifles and bibles were posted on

  1. The Utility of Mass Violence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    the terrorists of September 11, 2001, saw or imagined their grievances in religious terms, any reader of the Bible should have had a flash of...recognition. The Muslim extremists drew their inspiration from the Qur’an rather than the Bible , but both Scriptures draw from the same wellspring of...ancient Near Eastern religion. (p. 1) The Tanakh, the Bible used in Judaism, is comparable to the Christian Old Testament. These Scriptures are

  2. The Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions. Part III: Comparison of Scriptures from Seven World Religions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    applicable passages were found in the New Testament. See the Judaism section for passages from the Old Testament (aka the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh... Hebrew Bible ) Hinduism – Bhāgavad Gītā (metaphorical only interpretation) – Rāmāyaa – Bhāgavad...angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment … ( Bible , Matt. 5:21-22) Hinduism The Supreme Personality of Godhead said

  3. The Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions. Part I: Extracts, Summaries and Comparisons of Scriptures in the Abrahamic Religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Testament: An Introduction to the Hebrew Bible . (Toronto: McGraw Hill, 2003) 3-4. 12 Alan F. Segal, A Concise Introduction to World Religions, eds. Willard...Tanakh, which they call the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible , to justify violence. However, the varying usage of the Tanakh and the inclusion of other...translation.20 Two translations of the Tanakh ( Hebrew Bible ) are, likewise, presented: the 1985 New Jewish Publication Society (NJPS) and the New

  4. Military Engagement with Social Media

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-06

    20091120/ADOP06/911200310/ 1040ADOP06 (accessed on March 27, 2011). 5 Lon Safko and David K. Brake, The Social Media Bible (Hoboken, New Jersey: John...March 31, 2011). 19 Lon Safko and David K. Brake, The Social Media Bible (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009), 200. 20...March 27, 2011). 23 Ibid. 24 Lon Safko and David K. Brake, The Social Media Bible (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009), 731

  5. Christian Theological Attitudes vis-a-vis Islam: The Effect on West-Muslim Relations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-01

    through the Bible , which communicates God’s eternal purpose in the person of Jesus Christ. The Scriptures, writings made infallible by the directing of...Holy Bible (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982). See Book of the Psalms 19:1-6, a central passage to the Christian defense of God’s general...revelation and the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans 18:18-21. 20 The Holy Bible , Philippians 2:6-11. 10 This passage from the Apostle

  6. The Jaad (Grandfather) Letters an Al Qaeda Worldview Through the Eyes of a Terrorist Mentor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    Jan 09). 53 Holy Bible , ed. Dr. Edward Hindson and Dr. Edward Dobson (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973), Romans 7:5. 54 Ergun...Ibrahim (Abraham), 72 Holy Qur’an, Surah 3.84, and The Knowing Jesus Study Bible , chart entitled “Old Testament Prophecies Fulfilled in Jesus Christ...Pakistan, “Prophet Abraham.” 112 Holy Bible , Genesis 16:12 30 107 no need for you to look at them any further. The Holy Qur’an contains

  7. Combat Stories: Creating a Web-Based Geospatial Interface to Record Combat Stories for Validation and Other Research Purposes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    experiences of Odysseus on his way home. The final example is the Hebrew Bible that is composed from Old Testament stories, which were written by the third...19. 7 John Riches, The Bible : A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 37. 8 Thomas G. Bowie, Jr., “An I for an Eye...Riches, John. The Bible : A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. 56 Sanchez, Ricardo S. with Donald T. Phillips. Wiser in

  8. 78 FR 54621 - Notice of Funds Availability for Section 514 Farm Labor Housing Loans and Section 516; Farm Labor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... correct two ``submission deadline'' dates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mirna Reyes-Bible, Finance and... (this is not a toll free number.), or via email: Mirna.ReyesBible@wdc.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY...

  9. 77 FR 58808 - Notice of Funds Availability for Section 514 Farm Labor Housing Loans and Section 516 Farm Labor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... the Agency is loosening and clarifying. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mirna Reyes-Bible, Finance...-1753 (this is not a toll free number.), or via email: Mirna.ReyesBible@wdc.usda.gov . Correction In the...

  10. Just War and Preemption: The Just War Tradition and Its Impact on Preemptive Acts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    titled War in the Hebrew Bible . 10 She does not specifically analyze it using the lens ofthe JWT. But the assumption ofthe OT Hebrews was that they...34Susan Niditch, War in the Hebrew Bible : A Study in the Ethics of Violence (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 12. 35Paul Ramsey, War and the...www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nss.pdf(accessed 24 Feb 2008). Niditch, Susan. War in the Hebrew Bible : A Study in the Ethics of Violence. New York: Oxford University Press

  11. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which...

  12. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which...

  13. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which...

  14. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which...

  15. 38 CFR 3.209 - Birth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... attendance at birth. (e) Copy of Bible or other family record certified to by a notary public or other officer with authority to administer oaths, who should state in what year the Bible or other book in which...

  16. 77 FR 36329 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Dead Sea Scrolls & The...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-18

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7923] Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible Ancient Artifacts-- Timeless Treasures'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Dead Sea Scrolls & The Bible Ancient Artifacts--Timeless...

  17. 76 FR 58075 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cervera Bible”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7589] Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Cervera Bible'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to... April 15, 2003), I hereby determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Cervera Bible...

  18. First Results from HF (High-Frequency) Oblique Backscatter Soundings to the Northwest of College, Alaska Using a Modified ULCAR Digisonde D-256

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    the D-256: The D-256 vertical sounder has been described in considerable detail by Bibl et al. (1981), but for the sake of completeness, the essential...in Figure 12. 20 Table 3 Status Table for Current Sounder Modes at Sheep Creek 1 VI Z T H X D 7 1 4 (for actual Doppler values, see Table 5.7 in Bibl ...etal, 1981) Azimuth Sequence Code Table 5.9 I oblique ( Bibl ) N P X S U F L V choes have ’EofN 00 3000 2400 1800 1200 600 X 0 polariza ion and Status

  19. [Characteristics of anthrax: its description and biblical name--Shehin].

    PubMed

    Ben-Noun, Liubov

    2002-05-01

    The illness known as Anthrax is very rare in the west. In developing countries relatively significant numbers of cases are found, particularly in animals. However, biological terrorist acts could cause it to spread. In Hebrew, the illness is now called Gahelet or Gameret. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the illness is described in the Bible, and if so, to present that description and provide a broader survey of the features of this illness. The word Gahelet appears in the Bible, but not indicating a disease, while the source of Gameret is in the Talmud. In the Bible, Shehin is mentioned as the sixth of the ten plagues in Egypt, and also as the disease that affected Job. The natural course of the condition, as described in the Bible, matches the clinical symptoms of Anthrax, as we know it today. The Hebrew Language Academy is therefore advised to adopt the findings of this paper, and confirm the name of the illness in Israel--Shehin.

  20. Creative Faculty Development in Times of Diminishing Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Don

    North Central Bible College (Minnesota) has implemented a faculty development program over several years despite restricted financial resources. North Central Bible College (NCBC) is an independent, primarily residential college that is owned and operated by a group of 11 Assemblies of God districts. It offers bachelors degrees in 22 majors and…

  1. Abington v. Schempp: A Study in the Establishment Clause.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schamel, Wynell Burroughs; Mueller, Jean West

    1989-01-01

    Reviews a series of First Amendment court cases related to school prayer and Bible reading, including the 1963 decision (Abington v. Schempp) against a Pennsylvania law requiring Bible reading and prayer recitation. Provides suggestions for teaching this case using a portion of Justice Tom C. Clark's opinion of the Supreme Court. Reproducible…

  2. Suicide and Suicide Prevention: Greek versus Biblical Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Kalman J.

    1992-01-01

    Compares suicide in Greek tragedy and Hebrew Bible, concentrating on life situations portrayed in two sets of narratives promoting or preventing suicide. Notes frequency of suicides in Greek tragedy and infrequency of suicides in Bible. Compares stories of Narcissus and Jonah in attempt to pinpoint what is suicide-promoting in Greek narratives and…

  3. Religiosity and Music Copyright Theft among Canadian Baptist Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fawcett, Bruce G.; Francis, Leslie J.; Henderson, Amanda J.; Robbins, Mandy; Linkletter, Jody

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the views of 706 Canadian Baptist youth (between the ages of 14 and 18 years) on the moral issue of music copyright theft, and explores the influence on these views of age, sex, Sunday church attendance, personal prayer, personal Bible reading, and conservative Bible believing. The participants were attending Springforth 2005…

  4. The Evangelical Origins of Mass Media in America, 1815-1835. Journalism Monographs Number Eighty-Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nord, David Paul

    1984-01-01

    It was the evangelical Christian publicists in the tract and Bible societies who first dreamed of genuinely mass media--that is, they proposed to deliver the same printed message to everyone in America. To this end, organizations such as the American Bible Society and the American Tract Society helped to develop, in the very earliest stages, the…

  5. The Relationship between Biblical Literacy, Academic Achievement, and School Behavior among Christian- and Public-School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeynes, William H.

    2009-01-01

    This study assessed the relationship between Bible literacy among secondary school students and their academic achievement and school behavior. A total of 160 students who attended either Christian or public schools in the 7th to 12th grade were randomly selected for the study sample. Three measures of Bible knowledge were combined to obtain an…

  6. Guardians of the Republic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-01

    said to be the implicit rejection of philosophy, does not know ’nature’: the Hebrew term for ’nature’ is unknown to the Hebrew Bible ." LEO STRAUSS...approximation to natural law, is -just as happened - the precursor to the tyranny of the majority. "The Social Contract (1762) was the ’ Bible ’ of the

  7. Women in Literature of the Old Testament.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Stephen L.

    According to Edith Hamilton, "The Bible is the only literature in the world up to our century which looks at women as human beings, no better and no worse than men. The Old Testament writers considered them just as impartially as they did men, free from prejudice and even from condescension." The Bible portrays Rebekah, Rahab, Deborah,…

  8. Men, Masteries and Mythologies: A Creation of Blackness and Black Folk as a Form of Cultural Deviance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Lanny R.

    In order to explore the nature of the black experience in the United States, this paper discusses the racial myths found in the Bible, science, and sociology, as well as the consequences of these myths. Pro-slavery forces have used ambiguous passages from the Bible to try to demonstrate that slavery is sanctioned by religion. A scientific theory…

  9. Abraham Lincoln, Laurent Clerc, and the Design of the World: Lincoln Day Address at Gallaudet University, February 11, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baynton, Douglas C.

    2010-01-01

    Protestant ministers often construct their sermons around a text from the Bible that they expand upon to make some broader point. In the nineteenth century, public speakers frequently used the same rhetorical formula, taking their text not necessarily from the Bible but from any well-known source. In his famous Cooper Union speech of 1860, Abraham…

  10. Encouraging Word: The Pastor's Role in Increasing Biblical Literacy in the Local Congregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leach, Todd A.

    2016-01-01

    The Bible has long been valued and esteemed as the primary text for Christians all over the world. It tells the story of God and of the Christian faith and it provides guidance for Christians on how to live faithfully for Jesus Christ. Thus, one would expect a knowledge and understanding of the Bible to be a high priority--of utmost…

  11. The Babysitter's Bible.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacy, Lyn; Hanson, Robert

    1980-01-01

    Describes a 15-hour babysitting course for sixth-graders that includes creative play activities, safety, and first-aid instruction, as well as child-care and discipline techniques. A bibliography for babysitters is appended. (Author/SJL)

  12. An Assessment of Health Literacy Rates in a Sample of Active-Duty Military Personnel at a Major Medical Center

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Sandra Bibb - Dr. Diane Padden -Dr. Gloria Ramsey Background - Literacy Defined • Ability to read parts of the Bible , signing name, or completion...For example, individuals in colonial America were considered literate if they could read at least parts ofthe Holy Bible while as recently as 1998...addition, versions ofthe TOFHLA for adolescents and Hebrew speaking individuals have also been developed as well as a REALM version for teenagers. Initial

  13. The Voynich Manuscript: An Elegant Enigma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    particular Greek. Hebrew . Arabic. and other original languages (if the Bible and the Greek and Arab philosophers, regarded by Bacon as the sources of wisdom...represented in symbolic wavs interwoven with religious symbolism and quotations from the Bible and patristic writings. The only real similarity to...Newbold. to refer to all possible combinations of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. taken two at a time. Assuming from the outset. following Vovnich

  14. The Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military’s Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-13

    The most dangerous is a Hermeneutic that promotes violence often called Holy War. Both the Hebrew Bible and the Quran have passages that command...pointed out that the Hebrew word teshuva, which could be translated as repentance, returning, transformation, or restoration …the capacity to...The Bible , New International Version. Romans 12:20 -21. 180 Thompson, World Religions in War and Peace, 54. 181 M. R. Bawa Muhaiyaddeen

  15. Terrorism 101 - Knowledge about the What and Why of Terrorism as a State and Local Law Enforcement Competency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    Zimbardo, “How Social Science can Reduce Terrorism,” The Chronicle of Higher Education (2004), http://www.socialpsychology.org/ pdf /chronicle04. pdf ...the children of Satan ; believers must prepare for the second coming of Yahweh by taking action “Religious” is one of five “motivations...Christian Identity Groups – Christian Bible is used to justify reasons behind beliefs • U.S. Constitution is extension of Bible • Philosophy is based

  16. Air and Space Power Journal. Volume 21, Number 1, Spring 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    use of the Judeo­Christian Bible as civil authority with re­ liance upon a system of secular law. this formal delinking of sectarian religion from...their society that the Judeo­Christian Bible now occupies in developed Western democratic societies—a resource for examin­ ing the traditions and...communities reminded Israel that it must work to buttress Israeli interests and not solely Jewish inter- ests. A sympathetic Hebrew -language press also

  17. Angels of Armageddon: The Royal Air Force in the Battle of Megiddo

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    biblical references to the end of the world-- but it is also a location on the globe. The name Harmageddon or Armageddon derives from the Hebrew “Har...Carta’s Atlas of the Bible (Jerusalem: Carta, 1964), 32 (accessed online 24 MAR 07) www.nefertiti.iwebland.com/megiddobattle.htm. 5 6 Battle...two parallel walls with partitions between them, creating rooms). The casements served as barracks or stables.1 The Bible records that Solomon

  18. Right-Wing Group Characteristics and Ideology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    his essay Christian Identity: What is It? provides an account of Adam’s people. Comparet notes the name Adam, in Hebrew , refers to being able to...fundamentalist Protestants from the Midwest Bible Belt and southern states who were fervent vocal proponents of the movement that would eventually become...opened the Bible and demonstrated to me with proper text that Christ’s worst enemies were not God’s chosen people. He identified the ‘true Israel

  19. Spain and Morocco: The Spanish Enclaves in North Africa, Potential Mediterranean Security Dilemma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    of Hebrew ". The origin of the term is from the Hebrew "Sepharad", a region mentioned in the Bible in Obadian 20. The Oxford Annotated Bible says that...The Indian businessman had a British passport. He spoke no English , only Spanish, a little French, and presumeably his native tongue. He was not a...best advantage by selectively granting licenses and citizenship. *The Random House Dictionary of the English Lanquage (Unaidged) defines "Sephardim

  20. The Church in the Thought of Charles Taze Russell

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-07-01

    The Prophetic Message of the Seventh Day Adventists and the Chronologv of Pastor C.T. Russell in the Light of History and Bible Knowledge. Chicago: n.p...vii 1 INTRODUCTION Recent studies in the history of religion in America since colonial days have focused on the theme of primitivism. These studies...established churches. The 1870s was a time of Bible study, reading Second Adventist literature, and developing friendships that contributed to Russell’s

  1. Freedom of Religion and Conscience in the Military: Clarifying Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-01

    curriculum which included Bible reading and a Christian hymnal in the District of Columbia schools, as well as other acts by the early Congresses...regard in his “Letter to the Hebrew Congregation in Newport, Rhode Island” (August 18, 1790), a copy of which is still on display in that...Establishment Clause.97 The Court considered another landmark case only one year later when on an eight-to-one vote it struck down Bible reading in public

  2. Thou Shalt Not Kill: Conscientious Objection and the Decalogue

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    fo llowing conclusion, namely the sixth commandment does not forbid all killing. In fact, the Hebrew term, ratsach, is never used in contexts of war...Distinctive Nature of Biblical Law Biblical laws have been classified according to content and form. Regarding content, the laws of the Bible are...the laws of the Bible are viewed as either apodictic or casuistic. Commands that begin with "do" or "do not" are called apodictic laws.3 These laws

  3. Applying Psychosocial Theories of Terrorism to the Radicalization Process: A Mapping of De La Corte’s Seven Principles to Homegrown Radicals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    branch. In Semitic life, such that led by the Hebrews in ancient times, the woman was considered ritually impure because of her menstruation (Maccoby... Bible left on the beach. He once had a number of Muslim friends, but they‘ve all moved out of California now. My mother was raised Catholic, so she...was, at the very most, the Son of God (since that is what the Bible mistranslates ―Servant of Awareness of difference from other Americans

  4. Go Forth and Multiply: How the Chaplain’s Actions can Have Strategic Impact in the Current Operational Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-23

    www.aicgs.org/documents/danan.oct06. pdf , (accessed 19 September 09, 6). 15 Ibid, 6. 16 Ibid, 3. 17 John W. Brinsfield and Eric Wester, “Ethical...to distribute Dari and Pashto translations of the Bible to the Afghans. The article also describes a widely circulated video of a senior U.S. Army...for Jesus . . . we hunt them down.”22 The Army‟s response to the row was to burn the Dari and Pashto translations of the Bible , offending the

  5. Newer insights to the neurological diseases among biblical characters of old testament

    PubMed Central

    Mathew, Stephen K.; Pandian, Jeyaraj D.

    2010-01-01

    Many people over the years have studied the Bible from a medical point of view offering diagnoses for the symptoms and signs that appear to have afflicted numerous individuals in the Bible. We review the biblical characters in the Old Testament and offer newer insights to their neurological diseases. We first look at the battle between Goliath and David. Interestingly, Goliath probably suffered from acromegaly. We propose autism as a diagnosis for Samson which would precede the first known case of autism by centuries. Isaac was a diabetic, and he probably had autonomic neuropathy. Few verses from the books of I Samuel, Psalms, and Ezekiel reveal symptoms suggestive of stroke. Jacob suffered from sciatica, and the child of the Shunnamite woman in II Kings had a subarachnoid hemorrhage. These instances among others found in the Old Testament of the Bible offer newer insights on the history of current neurological diseases. PMID:21085524

  6. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. January-February 2003

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-02-01

    of education, the need to dominate, and finally the efforts to keep impurities such as pork, alcohol, Christian bibles , and crosses out of the country...decep- tion. Yet the Bible contains accounts of spy missions and the use of ruses to defeat Israel’s enemies. Not all is fair in war, but spying and...the final QDR by over 9 months and the events of 11 September 2001. The 79-page QDR is available online at <www.defenselink.mil/pubs/ qdr2001. pdf

  7. Intellectual Reviews of Fundamentalist Islamic Groups’ Leaders and their Impact on the Jihadi Action, the Muslim World, and the West

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    la-hudimat) the monasteries, (sawāmi’) is for monks, and churches, (kanā’is) are for Christians, and synagogues, (salawāt) is the Hebrew term for...exhortation of self defense is no difference from other divine books like the Holy Torah (the Old Testament) and the Holy Bible (the New Testament...Consider the following verses from the Holy Bible : “And as for those who were against me, who would not have me for their ruler, let them come here, and

  8. A Historical Analysis of Three Main Issues Affecting United States Foreign Policy in the Middle East

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-06-01

    Engineers, in-country English language training, organizational and intermediate maintenance, and supply modernization (78). Foreign Military Sales (FMS... Bible is a history of the Jewish people and their religion. Moses, 80 -• ’E’ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I. the prophet who freed the Jews from...Egypt, presented the Ten Commandments that are followed by both religions. The Christian Bible and the Jewish Torah both relate in the Book of Genesis

  9. Leprosy in the Bible.

    PubMed

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Nita, Małgorzata

    2016-01-01

    For many years, the biblical term tzaraat has referred to leprosy. In fact, the disease or diseases described under this name have no relationship to leprosy, as it was known in the Middle Ages or today; moreover, the term referred not only to skin disease, but also to the state of the ritual impurity and punishment for the sins. Although the real nature of tzaraat remains unknown, the differential diagnosis might include the following: Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, favus, dermatophyte infections, nummular dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, crusted scabies, syphilis, impetigo, sycosis barbae, alopecia areata, furuncles, scabies, neurodermatitis, scarlet fever, lupus erythematosus, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, folliculitis decalvans, morphea, sarcoidosis, and lichen planopilaris. Leprosy became interchangeable with the biblical leprosy due to two inaccurate translations: The Hebrew tzaraat was first translated into Greek as leprosy in the sixth century, and later, the word leprosy was translated into Arabic as lepra in the ninth century. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The Bible of Confucianism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Xin

    2013-01-01

    The "Analects" is the most influential and enduring Chinese classics, which shows its splendor as early as 2,400 years ago between the spring and autumn and the warring states periods, covering a wide scope of subjects from politics, philosophy, literature and art to the education and moral cultivation. To the translator, the most…

  11. Mold: "tsara'at," Leviticus, and the history of a confusion.

    PubMed

    Heller, Richard M; Heller, Toni W; Sasson, Jack M

    2003-01-01

    The noun tsara'at appears about two dozen times in the Hebrew Bible, almost exclusively in Leviticus, where it is used to describe a state of ritual defilement manifested as a scaly condition of the skin, a condition of cloth, leather, and the walls of houses. In the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, negac tsara'at was translated as aphe lepras; in the Latin Vulgate, this became plega leprae. These words in Greek and Latin implied a condition that spread over the body, not a term of ritual impurity. Tsara'at has continued to be translated as "leprosy," even though this term is not appropriate, as there was no leprosy as we know it in the Middle East during the time period the Hebrew Bible was written. Others have suggested that the proper translation of tsara'at is "mold." The recent identification of a specific mold (Stachybotrys sp.) that contaminates buildings and causes respiratory distress, memory loss, and rash, and the fact that mold has been present for millennia, lend support to the translation of tsara'at as "mold."

  12. The Bible Makes a Comeback

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

    2007-01-01

    A growing number of educators are restoring the study of the ancient text in public schools, where it enjoyed a revered place in the curriculum starting in Colonial times and was still widely used through the first half of the 20th century. The legal challenges to religious content and ritual in public schools began with prohibitions in the late…

  13. Origin of the ``Ocean Bible"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munk, W. H.

    2002-12-01

    ``The Oceans" is such a landmark for Sverdrup and the Scripps Institution that one ought to take a look at how it came about. The book came very close to NOT being written. Sverdrup was about to decline an invitation by Prentice Hall when his secretary persuaded him to accept. The contract called for 500-600 pages, it ended up with 1087 pages. Royalty was 10% (\\$0.27 to each author for the copy I purchased in 1943). Sverdrup had estimated a market of 550 copies. By the end of 1965 23,766 copies of the American edition alone had been sold. The book was completed in the early war years under very trying conditions for Sverdrup personally. When it did appear in print, a year after Pearl Harbor, the distribution was restricted to the continental United States because ``...it would be of great aid to the enemy should it fall into his hands." The book carries the mark of Sverdrup's lifelong emphasis on the synthesis of observations: ``we have preferred definite statements to mere enumeration of uncorrelated observations and conflicting interpretations." The result was a coherent presentation of ocean science, a remarkable achievement considering how badly the ocean was undersampled. I will describe my experience as a willing listener while Sverdrup was contemplating of how to organize Chapter XV: The Water Masses and Currents of the Oceans.

  14. "My reins admonish me at night" (Psalm 16:7): the kidneys in ancient and medieval Jewish sources.

    PubMed

    Kottek, Samuel S

    2010-01-01

    David Macht already stated that in several ancient languages the same term is used for kidneys and testes. "Preparation or elaboration of the semen was considered to be one of the functions of the kidneys in man". In the Bible, however, this confusion does not exist, at least not on the anatomical level. Together with the heart, the kidneys are paradigmatic of the innermost organs, wherefrom result their metaphoric association in being the seat of emotions and of wisdom. Some of these aspects will be delineated in the present study, briefly in Bible and Talmud, while stressing medieval Jewish sources, including the works of Shabtai Donnolo, Judah Halevi, Shem-Tov Falaquera, and Meir ibn Aldabi.

  15. 9. Front door, central hall interior view, cross and open ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Front door, central hall interior view, cross and open bible configuration, with transom and sidelights, facing south. - Landers-Cain House, 915 Pleasant Hill Road, Lawrenceville, Gwinnett County, GA

  16. Mental health programs seek religious following.

    PubMed

    Kim, H

    1990-08-06

    A handful of mental health treatment programs are building therapy around prayer sessions and Bible study in an attempt to attract mainstream Christians who otherwise would be wary about seeking treatment.

  17. 20 CFR 416.803 - Evaluation of evidence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., BLIND, AND DISABLED Determination of Age § 416.803 Evaluation of evidence. Generally, the highest.... Among the documents which may be submitted for such purpose are: school record, census record, Bible or...

  18. Does a bishop pray when he prays? And does his brain distinguish between different religions?

    PubMed

    Silveira, Sarita; Bao, Yan; Wang, Lingyan; Pöppel, Ernst; Avram, Mihai; Simmank, Fabian; Zaytseva, Yuliya; Blautzik, Janusch

    2015-12-01

    Does a religion shape belief-related decisions and influence neural processing? We investigated an eminent bishop of the Catholic Church in Germany by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural processing while he was responding to short sentences of the Christian Bible, the Islamic Quran, and the Daodejing ascribed to Laozi in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, continuous praying was further compared to the resting state activity. In contrast to explicit statements of agreeing or not agreeing to different statements from the Bible and the Quran, we found in Experiment 1 no difference in neural activation when the bishop was reading these statements from the two religions. However, compared to reading statements from the Bible, reading statements from the Daodejing resulted in significantly higher activation in the left inferior and middle frontal cortices and the left middle temporal gyrus, although he equally agreed to both statements explicitly. In Experiment 2, no difference during continuous praying and the resting state activity was observed. Our results confirm the difference between explicit and implicit processing, and they suggest that a highly religious person may pray always-or never. On a more general level this observation suggests that ritualized activities might be subliminally represented in resting state activities. © 2015 The Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  19. Removal of NOx and NOy in biomass burning plumes in the boundary layer over northern Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takegawa, N.; Kondo, Y.; Koike, M.; Ko, M.; Kita, K.; Blake, D. R.; Nishi, N.; Hu, W.; Liley, J. B.; Kawakami, S.; Shirai, T.; Miyazaki, Y.; Ikeda, H.; Russel-Smith, J.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-05-01

    The Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment Phase B (BIBLE-B) aircraft measurement campaign was conducted over the western Pacific and Australia in August and September 1999. In situ aircraft measurements of carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO), total reactive nitrogen (NOy), ozone (O3), nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), and other species were made during BIBLE-B. Meteorological analysis shows that the trace gases emitted from biomass burning in northern Australia were mostly confined within the planetary boundary layer (below ˜3 km) by strong subsidence in the free troposphere. Removal processes of NOx (equal to measured NO + calculated NO2) and NOy in biomass burning plumes in the boundary layer are examined on the basis of correlation analysis. The photochemical lifetime of NOx in biomass burning plumes during the daytime is estimated to be 0.1 to 0.3 days using the correlations of NOx with short-lived NMHCs and hydroxyl radical (OH) concentration calculated from a constrained photochemical model. Correlation of NOy with CO shows that ˜60% of the NOy molecules originating from biomass burning were removed in the boundary layer within 2-3 days. This result is consistent with dry deposition of nitric acid (HNO3) in the plumes. It is likely that only a small fraction of NOy emitted from biomass burning was exported from the boundary layer to the free troposphere during the BIBLE-B period.

  20. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, March 13, 1935 ANGLE VIEW, CLOSE-UP OF BIBLE STAND AND LAMP STANDS - Wetumpka Presbyterian Church, West Bridge & North Bridge Streets, Wetumpka, Elmore County, AL

  1. Jacob's limp.

    PubMed

    Hoenig, L J

    1997-02-01

    This study describes in modern medical terms a traumatic hip injury suffered by the Biblical patriarch Jacob approximately 3,500 years ago. The case history is based on the original Hebrew text found in the Bible book of Genesis (Chapter 32:25-33) as interpreted by traditional Jewish commentaries on the Bible. Jacob sustained a hip injury in hand-to-hand combat with an adversary or through an intense physiological reaction to a prophetic vision of such a battle. He appears to have sustained neurological injury to his sciatic nerve as well as musculoskeletal damage to his hip. These injuries caused a temporary limping gait. Jacob probably sustained a neurapraxia of the sciatic nerve. The differential diagnosis of his musculoskeletal hip injury includes hip dislocation, fracture, soft tissue trauma, and articular pathology.

  2. Using Bible Commentaries in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Gary; Patte, Daniel; Kittredge, Cynthia; Yang, Seung Ai; Ngwa, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    This discussion of the goals and methods of teaching biblical literature is an edited transcription of a panel recorded at the 2010 Society for Biblical Literature conference. The panelists were asked to reflect on William Placher's recently published theological commentary on Mark as an example or test case of how one might use a biblical…

  3. Ideas and Resources for Teaching about Religions in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodin, Wesley J.; Dilzer, Robert J., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Describes current secondary school courses about religions which are incorporated into the social studies curriculum. Course titles include Religion in Human Culture, Religions of Man, Great Religions, Comparative Religions, History of Religions, and the Bible as Literature. (KC)

  4. Choosing a Geothermal as an HVAC System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lensenbigler, John D.

    2002-01-01

    Describes the process of selecting and installing geothermal water source heat pumps for new residence halls at Johnson Bible College in Knoxville, Tennessee, including choosing the type of geothermal design, contractors, and interior equipment, and cost and payback. (EV)

  5. A Discrete Event Simulation Model for Evaluating Air Force Reusable Military Launch Vehicle Prelaunch Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    by 2018 . The Air Force will require the HLV OS to be highly responsive, with a goal of launching a pre-integrated payload with a 24 to 48 hour...136 Vita Captain Adam T. Stiegelmeier graduated high school from Sunshine Bible

  6. Trouble in Paradise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

    2002-01-01

    Discusses Louisiana case wherein a federal district court judge ruled that an elementary principal violated the Establishment Clause by distributing Bibles to students. Includes Supreme Court's three-part "Lemon" test to determine if government practice violates the Establishment Clause. (PKP)

  7. To Lose China’s Support is to Lose Superpower Status

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-02

    equal, and Exodus, where the Israelites flee tyranny to freedom. These founding generations of Americans saw themselves as heirs to the Hebrew Bible ...on September 15, 2009). American Heritage Online Dictionary of the English Language. Keyword: Diplomacy. http://education.yahoo.com

  8. Authorship Attribution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, David I.

    1994-01-01

    Considers problems of quantifying literary style. Examines several variables that may be used as stylistic "fingerprints" of a writer. Reviews work done on statistical analysis of change over time in literary style and applies this technique to the Bible. (CFR)

  9. A Biblical Critique of Creationism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Leary, Dennis

    2003-01-01

    Suggests that modern science actually has roots in pre-Reformation biblical exegesis. Claims that scientists can use the Bible along with the geological record to demonstrate that creationist claims with regard to Earth history are false. (Contains 11 references.) (Author/NB)

  10. Cultivating Discontinuity: Pentecostal Pedagogies of Yielding and Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brahinsky, Josh

    2013-01-01

    Exploring missionary study at an Assemblies of God Bible college through ethnography and training manuals demonstrates systematic pedagogies that cultivate sensory capabilities encouraging yielding, opening to rupture, and constraint. Ritual theory and the Anthropology of Christianity shift analytic scales to include "cultivation," a…

  11. The Prosodic Basis of the Tiberian Hebrew System of Accents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dresher, Bezalel Elan

    1994-01-01

    It is argued that the Tiberian system of accents that annotate the text of the Hebrew Bible has a prosodic basis. Tiberian representation can best be understood by integrating results of phonological, phonetic, and psycholinguistic research on prosodic structure. (93 references) (Author/LB)

  12. Animal origin of 13th-century uterine vellum revealed using noninvasive peptide fingerprinting

    PubMed Central

    Fiddyment, Sarah; Holsinger, Bruce; Ruzzier, Chiara; Devine, Alexander; Binois, Annelise; Albarella, Umberto; Fischer, Roman; Nichols, Emma; Curtis, Antoinette; Cheese, Edward; Teasdale, Matthew D.; Checkley-Scott, Caroline; Milner, Stephen J.; Rudy, Kathryn M.; Johnson, Eric J.; Vnouček, Jiří; Garrison, Mary; McGrory, Simon; Bradley, Daniel G.; Collins, Matthew J.

    2015-01-01

    Tissue-thin parchment made it possible to produce the first pocket Bibles: Thousands were made in the 13th century. The source of this parchment, often called “uterine vellum,” has been a long-standing controversy in codicology. Use of the Latin term abortivum in many sources has led some scholars to suggest that the skin of fetal calves or sheep was used. Others have argued that it would not be possible to sustain herds if so many pocket Bibles were produced from fetal skins, arguing instead for unexpected alternatives, such as rabbit. Here, we report a simple and objective technique using standard conservation treatments to identify the animal origin of parchment. The noninvasive method is a variant on zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry (ZooMS) peptide mass fingerprinting but extracts protein from the parchment surface by using an electrostatic charge generated by gentle rubbing of a PVC eraser on the membrane surface. Using this method, we analyzed 72 pocket Bibles originating in France, England, and Italy and 293 additional parchment samples that bracket this period. We found no evidence for the use of unexpected animals; however, we did identify the use of more than one mammal species in a single manuscript, consistent with the local availability of hides. These results suggest that ultrafine vellum does not necessarily derive from the use of abortive or newborn animals with ultrathin hides, but could equally well reflect a production process that allowed the skins of maturing animals of several species to be rendered into vellum of equal quality and fineness. PMID:26598667

  13. Christian Leadership Literature Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Connie Chuen Ying

    2007-01-01

    Background: Christian leadership is distinctively different from other major leadership conceptions such as instructional, transactional, and transformational leadership conceptions. With few studies found, the author had to consult the Bible and also non-school Christian literature instead, focusing on Hong Kong principal leadership in Protestant…

  14. Religion Education Teaching in Zimbabwe Secondary Schools: The Search for an Authentic Values-Oriented Multi-Faith Religion Education Pedagogical Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ndlovu, Lovemore

    2014-01-01

    Religion Education teaching in post-independence Zimbabwe has remained bible-oriented and confessional at a time when most Religion Education stakeholders expect an "open", plural and authentic multi-faith Religion Education curriculum. Despite curriculum innovation initiatives aimed at introducing new approaches such as experiential…

  15. Moral Education and Public Schools: Evolution in 19th Century Wisconsin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Thomas C.

    As evidenced by official documents of state superintendents, Protestantism and Bible-reading ceased to comprise the foundation for moral education in the public schools of Wisconsin by 1890. Although the 1848 Wisconsin Constitution mandated against sectarian instruction in public schools, the "Annual Reports" and "Decision…

  16. Hermeneutics, Accreting Receptions, Hypermedia: A Tool for Reference Versus a Tool for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nissan, Ephraim; Rossler, Isaac; Weiss, Hillel

    1997-01-01

    Provides a select overview of hypertext and information retrieval tools that support traditional Jewish learning and discusses a project in instructional hypermedia that is applied to teaching, teacher training, and self-instruction in given Bible passages. Highlights include accretion of receptions, hermeneutics, literary appropriations, and…

  17. The Impact of Alignment Coaching on Christian Teachers' Worthy Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hines, Linda M.

    2010-01-01

    "The Impact of Alignment Coaching on Christian Teachers' Worthy Performance" uses Human Performance Technology and "teleonomics" (Gilbert 2007) to document several intersecting vantage points as one performance improvement system of alignment coaching (AC). Coaching relationships and accomplishments of consistently (daily) reading the Bible,…

  18. Religious Education Forum: Legitimizing Your Value List.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Alfred

    1979-01-01

    Addressing the problem that educators have in compiling a legitimate list of values to teach, the author examines the Bible as a source of value legitimacy and details the values expressed in the Hebrew and Christian covenants, the Ten Commandments, and the six beatitudes. (SJL)

  19. Strategy for a Military Spiritual Self-Development Tool

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-12

    and Islam in the Middle East (the Hebrew prophets developed their monotheistic faith during this period), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism in India......concepts such as the Bible , Jesus, the Holy Spirit, hell, and the devil, thereby making them insensitive to cultural differences and therefore

  20. 75 FR 3778 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Request and Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ..., or to evaluate a family bible or other family record when determining eligibility for benefits. The... per Response: 10 minutes. Estimated Annual Burden: 3,333 hours. 5. Work Incentives Planning and Assistance Program--0960-0629. The Work Incentives Planning and Assistance (WIPA) program collects...

  1. Proverbs: Worldly Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meixner, Linda L.

    1990-01-01

    Offers a two-day lesson plan for secondary literature classes, using biblical proverbs from the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, Benjamin Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac," and anonymous adages. Identifies objectives, materials, procedure, evaluation, and suggests student projects. Includes proverbs for discussion and…

  2. Teaching Biblical Studies Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delamarter, Stephen; Gravett, Sandra L.; Ulrich, Daniel W.; Nysse, Richard W.; Polaski, Sandra Hack

    2011-01-01

    In this edited transcript of a panel at the Society of Biblical Literature (November 23, 2009, Boston, Massachusetts), five Bible scholars give brief presentations on various challenges and opportunities encountered when teaching academic biblical studies courses online in both undergraduate and theological education contexts. Each presentation is…

  3. Teachers Guide to Social Studies in the Senior High School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cason, Constance; And Others

    This guide to the social studies was developed for use in the senior high schools of Duval County, Jacksonville, Florida. Topics covered are United States government, United States history, anthropology, bible history, comparative institutions, European history, Florida history, human relations, political science, economics, psychology, sociology,…

  4. Poetry of the Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boitani, P.

    2011-06-01

    From Homer to the Bible looking at the heavenly vault is an enchanted moment in human life. It produces that wonder which Aristotle maintains is the beginning of the love of wisdom, that is to say of philosophy, science, and philomythia-the love of myth: poetry.

  5. Media Studies Orientations for Israel Education: Lessons from "In Treatment," "Homeland," and "Z-Cars"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottlieb, Owen

    2013-01-01

    Israeli film and television have risen to international prominence, presenting compelling and complicating perspectives. Simultaneously, Web 2.0 technologies have accelerated the spread and immediacy of digital media. Following the work of Holtz (2003) and Levisohn (2010) in developing orientations for teaching Bible and Rabbinic Literature, this…

  6. Negotiating Race: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    Oriental youths felt that schooling in Israel had enabled them to be comfortable with Hebrew language and literature, Jewish history, the Bible ......to escape persecution in Arab lands. Most of them lacked basic education and did not speak Hebrew , lending to stereotypes of Orientals as being

  7. Presbyterian Patriots: The Historical Context of the Shared History and Prevalent Ideologies of Delaware’s Ulster-Scots who took up Arms in the American Revolution

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    Reformation principles of Calvin‘s made the leap from the theological to the political: Free inquiry (the ability to read and understand the Bible ...Latin and Greek, possibly Hebrew ), philosophy and divinity. 74 The school was also open to all. Advertisements boasted cheap tuition (board was

  8. A theological view of nuclear energy

    SciTech Connect

    Pollard, W.G.

    The author presents a theological perspective on nuclear power based on Israel's history, as revealed in the Hebrew Bible and the Alexandrian Greek Septuagint. Nuclear energy is described as God's energy choice for the whole of creation, which can be made as safe as traditional sources.

  9. Photochemical production of O3 in biomass burning plumes in the boundary layer over northern Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takegawa, N.; Kondo, Y.; Ko, M.; Koike, M.; Kita, K.; Blake, D. R.; Hu, W.; Scott, C.; Kawakami, S.; Miyazaki, Y.; Russell-Smith, J.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-05-01

    In situ aircraft measurements of ozone (O3) and its precursors were made over northern Australia in August-September 1999 during the Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment Phase B (BIBLE-B). A clear positive correlation of O3 with carbon monoxide (CO) was found in biomass burning plumes in the boundary layer (<3 km). The ΔO3/ΔCO ratio (linear regression slope of O3-CO correlation) is found to be 0.12 ppbv/ppbv, which is comparable to the ratio of 0.15 ppbv/ppbv observed at 0-4 km over the Amazon and Africa in previous studies. The net flux of O3 exported from northern Australia during BIBLE-B is estimated to be 0.3 Gmol O3/day. In the biomass burning region, large enhancements of O3 were coincident with the locations of biomass burning hot spots, suggesting that major O3 production occurred near fires (horizontal scale <50 km).

  10. Bikkur Holim: the origins of Jewish pastoral care.

    PubMed

    Sheer, Charles

    2008-01-01

    This paper surveys classical Jewish texts--from the Hebrew Bible through Medieval codes--regarding the concept and practice of Bikkur Holim, literally, "the sick visit." How does this literature understand this ethical, religious act; who are the practitioners; what are their objectives? Although the Hebrew Bible does not contain a biblical precedent or legal mandate for Bikkur Holim, various categories of pastoral actions are traced in midrashic and talmudic texts. Their nuances are examined closely and a conceptualization of Jewish pastoral care is identified in a work by thirteenth century rabbi, jurist and physician, Nahmanides. Ezekiel 34 is proposed as the source for the rabbinic term, Bikkur Holim, as well as the conceptual understanding of Jewish pastoral care. Finally, the author posits various questions regarding the implication of his findings on the conduct of Jewish pastoral care, the value of spiritual assessment, and the nature of chaplaincy work in our various religious traditions.

  11. Relevance of spirituality for people with mental illness attending consumer-centered services.

    PubMed

    Bellamy, Chyrell D; Jarrett, Nicole C; Mowbray, Orion; MacFarlane, Peter; Mowbray, Carol T; Holter, Mark C

    2007-01-01

    Spirituality has been cited in the literature as having a positive effect on mental health outcomes. This paper explores the relationship of spirituality to demographic, psychiatric illness history and psychological constructs for people with mental illness (N=1835) involved in consumer-centered services (CCS-Clubhouses and Consumer run drop-in centers). Descriptive statistics indicate that spirituality is important for at least two thirds of the members in the study. Members primarily indicated participation in public spiritual activities (i.e., church, bible study groups), followed by private activities (prayer, reading the bible, and meditation) (both of which were centered on belief in the transcendent). A logistic regression analysis was done to explore variables related to spirituality (i.e., demographics, psychiatric illness history, and psychological constructs). Results suggest that age, gender, having psychotic symptoms, having depressive symptoms, and having a higher global quality of life, hope and sense of community were all significant correlates of spirituality.

  12. Christmas and Easter Art Programs in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncum, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Describes art programs that were given at several elementary Australian schools focusing on Christmas and Easter. Explains that the programs are based on the accounts of the birth and death of Jesus given in the Bible. States that the programs integrate studio art, art criticism, and art history. (CMK)

  13. The Double Meaning of the Spirituals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence-McIntyre, Charshee Charlotte

    1987-01-01

    Analyzes the social function of spirituals in relation to African culture and the slavemasters' language restrictions. Describes the role of secret meetings in traditional African cultures and slave society, and the Bible as metaphor. Focuses on themes of freedom and escape, redemption and salvation, and judgment and punishment. (KH)

  14. The Influence of Spiritually-Based Learning Opportunities on Personal Faith and Denominational Loyalty in Seventh-Day Adventist Academies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coria-Navia, Anneris; Overstreet, Tammy; Thayer, Jerome

    2017-01-01

    This study examined how Bible teachers, involvement in leadership in school-wide spiritual activities, and personal school-sponsored spiritual activities were related to students' relationship with God and their denominational loyalty. Data were obtained from seniors in 19 Seventh-day Adventist academies. Students' intention to remain in the…

  15. Teacher Use of Primary and Secondary Philosophical Thought to Motivate and Enlighten Peers and Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynn, Karen

    This document is a collection of quotations that have been used by the instructor to motivate audiences and stimulate discussion. It is suggested that classroom teachers might find these quotations useful. The quotations are organized into the following categories: Africa, Apache, Arabian proverb, Bible, China, economics, history, political…

  16. Matters arising from ``The Leonid meteor shower and the history of the Semites''Letter - Matters arising from ``The Leonid meteor shower and the history of the Semites''

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McBeath, A.

    2009-10-01

    Aspects of a paper by Suleyman (2009) in this journal, relating to theoretically-strong Leonid activity in 569 AD and 1226 BC possibly having been recorded in the Quran and Bible respectively, are discussed. Little reason is found to suppose either textual source referred to such astronomical events.

  17. How to Bridge the Gap? Teacher Educators' Approaches to the Teaching of the Biblical "Other" in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achituv, Sigal; Manzura, Shulamit

    2016-01-01

    This article summarizes a study of the viewpoints of Bible lecturers in the Kindergarten Education Department while teaching content related to the biblical "other." The study, by two researchers themselves part of the study population, was conducted according to the qualitative approach and included interviews with participants from a…

  18. A Public Health Approach to Injury Prevention: The U.S. Military Experience

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Center for Injury Prevention and Control. CDC in- jury research agenda, 2009– 2018 . Atlanta GA: USDHHS, CDC, 2009. http://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html...secrets. Philadephia PA: Hanley & Belfus, 1994. 20. Micheli LJ. The sports medicine bible . New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995. 21. Peterson L

  19. Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verner, Zenobia, Ed.

    1977-01-01

    This issue provides a selection of articles about literature and the teaching of literature. Titles include "Sin, Salvation, and Grace in 'The Scarlet Letter,'""'The Road Not Taken': A Study in Ambiguity,""In Search of Shakespeare: The Essential Years,""Right Deeds for Wrong Reasons: Teaching the Bible as…

  20. Scripture, Sin and Salvation: Theological Conservatism Reconsidered

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hempel, Lynn M.; Bartkowski, John P.

    2008-01-01

    Using insights from ethnographic studies of conservative Protestant congregations, the authors propose and test a refined conceptual model of theological conservatism that accounts for three key components of a theologically conservative worldview: (1. epistemology, a belief in the Bible as the inspired word of God, (2. ontology, assumptions about…

  1. Rethinking US Security Policy for the 1980s. Proceedings of the Annual National Security Affairs Conference (7th) held 21-23 July 1980, Fort McNair, Washington, DC.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    years. The Bible , in both the Old and New Testaments, is generally regarded as written by authors inspired by God but with only those passages so...Northwestern, Stanford, the University of Amsterdam, and annually for 6 years at the Hebrew Univer- sity of Jerusalem. He has lectured throughout Europe

  2. An Army without Doctrine: The Evolution of US Army Tactics in the Absence of Doctrine, 1779 to 1847

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    how Jefferson used the Bible to account for the Indians being in America, and understanding the political and psychological stake Jefferson had in...articulate how the Indian could ascend to this level of thought involved linking the American Indian to the lost Hebrew tribes. Jefferson met physiocrats in

  3. Comfort Ye My People: Chaplains, Spiritual Care, and Operational Stress Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-30

    differently, offering "both ·a degree of predictability and an element of surprise.ඉ In the Hebrew Scriptures we read of Jacob who wrestles through...by the use of spiritual practices such as: prayer, meditation, Yoga, Bible reading, reading of other sacred Scripture, a twelve-step program

  4. Leadership Training Program for Shared Leadership Based on Super Leadership at Cheo-Eum Korean Presbyterian Church: A Study of Christian Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Youn, Houng Jin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation was to launch a leadership training program for shared leadership based on "super leadership." The constructs of the study were designed to study Bible leaders in shared leadership, leadership paradigm and types, transformational leadership, and, super leadership and shared leadership theory that are all…

  5. Future Viability of Title IV Revenue: A Descriptive Study of Perceptions of Select ABHE Institutional Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Kris Russell

    2017-01-01

    There is a looming threat to the economic vitality of the organizational community of intentionally Christian colleges and universities, relevant to the use of Title IV funds. Within the framework of organizational ecology, this qualitative descriptive study investigated and summarized perceptions of the leadership from sample ABHE Bible colleges…

  6. Scripture Reading Practices of Methodist Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rackley, Eric

    2017-01-01

    Framed as the "transaction" between readers and texts, this article examines the scripture reading practices of three Methodist youth. Data were generated through verbal protocols in which youth verbalized their thinking as they read self-selected passages from the Bible. Multiple rounds of inductive thematic analyses identified how the…

  7. Euler Teaches a Class in Structural Steel Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyajian, David M.

    2009-01-01

    Even before steel was a topic of formal study for structural engineers, the brilliant eighteenth century Swiss mathematician and physicist, Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), investigated the theory governing the elastic behaviour of columns, the results of which are incorporated into the American Institute of Steel Construction's (AISC's) Bible: the…

  8. Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child. Is This a Sensible Justification for the Use of Punishment in Child Rearing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Timothy A.

    1994-01-01

    This discussion of punishment in child rearing examines the Bible proverb, defines punishment, and identifies criteria necessary for effective punishment. It also considers negative effects of punishment and cultures where corporal punishment has been banned. Alternatives to punishment are discussed, and an alternative form of the proverb is…

  9. Near visual acuity for everyday activities with accommodative and monofocal intraocular lenses.

    PubMed

    Sanders, Donald R; Sanders, Monica L

    2007-10-01

    To determine the levels of functional near visual acuity required for everyday social reading activities and to compare the levels to those attained with accommodative and monofocal intraocular lenses (LOLs). Font size equivalencies of an Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study near chart and a variety of commonly read print objects were determined and correlated to the findings of distance-corrected near vision measurements with 2 accommodative (Tetraflex, 1CU) and 1 monofocal (Acrysof MA30) IOLs. The smallest print objects studied were sweetener packets with type between 20/40 (Jaeger [J] 5) and 20/50 (J6). Type in classified ads, stock quotations, and pocket bibles was 20/50 (J6), type in a telephone directory was 20/63 (J8), and type in standard newspapers, journals, and magazines was 20/80 (J9). Tested monocularly, 88% of Tetraflex, 40% of ICU, and 7% of Acrysof MA30 eyes had distance-corrected near vision sufficient to read newspaper and telephone directory print, and 63% of Tetraflex, 30% of 1CU, and 0% of Acrysof MA30 eyes could read classified ads, stock quotations, and pocket bibles, respectively. Tested binocularly after bilateral implantation, 96% of Tetraflex patients could read telephone directory print and 89% could read ads, stock quotations, and pocket bibles. Functional near visual acuity is not equivalent to the bottom-line objective at 20/20 (J1) near visual acuity. No print size was found at or smaller than 20/40 (J5), indicating that a requirement of nearly perfect near visual acuity, while desirable, may not be necessary for patients' social reading needs for accommodative IOLs.

  10. Exploring Relationships among Strengths Use, Spirituality, Religion and Positive Mental Health of College-Attending Emerging Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Wendy M.

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the relationships among strengths use, spirituality, religion, and positive mental health of 109 traditional undergraduate, college-attending emerging adults in a public university in the southern region of the United States, often referred to as the Bible-Belt. Constructs of the study were guided by a student…

  11. On the "Voter Awareness" in Kafka's Novels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jing

    2009-01-01

    "The Bible" stressed the Jews are God's voters. The "voter awareness" infiltrated into the souls of all Jews. Kafka was a Jewish writer. The national consciousness from the deep soul affected his creations. This paper probes into the voter awareness interpreted in Kafka's novels from three aspects: voters wandering at alien…

  12. A Book for None? Teaching Biblical Studies to Millennial Nones

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Randall

    2016-01-01

    The millennial generation is distinctive for several reasons, not the least is its growing religious disaffiliation. Given a growing disinterest in religion in general and the Bible in particular especially among the fast growing group of millennial "nones" how can biblical studies classes still be seen as appealing and relevant? This…

  13. Helping Students Navigate Faith Challenges in the Biblical Studies Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, Carolyn J.; Clark-Soles, Jaime

    2012-01-01

    What happens when students encounter the academic study of the Bible in the seminary or undergraduate classroom? Does a teacher have a responsibility to help students navigate challenges to Christian faith that might arise? What pedagogical problems and opportunities does this encounter present? How does this issue manifest differently in…

  14. Strategies in Translating Collocations in Religious Texts from Arabic into English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dweik, Bader S.; Shakra, Mariam M. Abu

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated the strategies adopted by students in translating specific lexical and semantic collocations in three religious texts namely, the Holy Quran, the Hadith and the Bible. For this purpose, the researchers selected a purposive sample of 35 MA translation students enrolled in three different public and private Jordanian…

  15. The Long Road to the NRSV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, J. Martin

    1990-01-01

    Examines the revision process, begun in 1973, that created the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, published in 1990. Stresses the importance of accurate reflection of ancient texts in contemporary yet enduring language. Notes the ecumenical nature of the committee responsible for this revision. Provides an annotated list of Bible…

  16. Affirming the Soldier’s Spirit Through Intentional Dialogue

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    man and animals.” Its original usage in English is mainly translated from the Latin Vulgate which further translates the Greek pneuma and the Hebrew ...which the New York Bible Society inserted into copies of pocket New Testaments given to Soldiers upon their departure for Europe (World War I). His

  17. Mathematics in Colleges and Universities. A Comprehensive Survey of Graduate and Undergraduate Programs. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindquist, Clarence B.

    Presented is a comprehensive survey of graduate and undergraduate programs in mathematics in effect during Winter and Spring of 1961. Questionnaires were mailed to 1,069 institutions which awarded degrees in mathematics or offered substantial programs in mathematics. Junior colleges and such specialized schools as Bible Colleges and seminaries,…

  18. Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History. PEPG/07-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Sascha O.; Wohmann, Ludger

    2007-01-01

    Max Weber attributed the higher economic prosperity of Protestant regions to a Protestant work ethic. We provide an alternative theory, where Protestant economies prospered because instruction in reading the Bible generated the human capital crucial to economic prosperity. County-level data from late 19th-century Prussia reveal that Protestantism…

  19. Circuit Chautauqua: From Rural Education to Popular Entertainment in Early Twentieth Century America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapia, John Edward

    In 1874, Methodist minister John Vincent began a Sunday school retreat on the shores of Lake Chautauqua, New York, the mission of which was education. Initial offerings such as Bible reading, biblical geography, and public oration were supplemented with general education and entertainment activities. In the late 19th century, the Chautauqua…

  20. 20 CFR 404.716 - Type of evidence of age to be given.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.716 Type of evidence of age... date of birth or age at a certain time such as: an original family bible or family record; school...; insurance policies; a marriage record; a passport; an employment record; a delayed birth certificate, your...

  1. 20 CFR 404.716 - Type of evidence of age to be given.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.716 Type of evidence of age... date of birth or age at a certain time such as: an original family bible or family record; school...; insurance policies; a marriage record; a passport; an employment record; a delayed birth certificate, your...

  2. 20 CFR 404.716 - Type of evidence of age to be given.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.716 Type of evidence of age... date of birth or age at a certain time such as: an original family bible or family record; school...; insurance policies; a marriage record; a passport; an employment record; a delayed birth certificate, your...

  3. 20 CFR 404.716 - Type of evidence of age to be given.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.716 Type of evidence of age... date of birth or age at a certain time such as: an original family bible or family record; school...; insurance policies; a marriage record; a passport; an employment record; a delayed birth certificate, your...

  4. Student Learning Outcomes for Biblical Studies in the Liberal Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Jane S.; Runions, Erin; Gallagher, Eugene V.; Lopez, Davina C.; McGinn, Sheila E.; Penner, Todd C.; Howell, David B.

    2012-01-01

    What is the role of biblical studies in a liberal arts curriculum? At the 2009 North American Society of Biblical Literature conference, a panel of seven Bible scholars provided brief analyses and arguments about the appropriate goals of teaching biblical studies in undergraduate contexts in this historical moment. They consider and critique the…

  5. Developing Ethical Knowledge in the Spirit of Judaism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapira-Lishchinsky, Orly

    2012-01-01

    This study attempts to describe Jewish teachers' perceptions about their ethical dilemmas based on stories derived from the Bible. Sixty teachers were asked to submit descriptions of their ethical dilemmas to the study website; submissions were then discussed in focus groups. The findings were grouped by the ATLAS.ti into five categories: Telling…

  6. Online Teaching and Biblical Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ascough, Richard; Barreto, Eric D.; Birch, Bruce C.; Pilarski, Ahida Calderón; Reese, Ruth Anne

    2018-01-01

    This Forum emerges from a session initiated by the Professional Development Committee at the 2017 conference of the Society of Biblical Literature in Boston. A panel of five Bible scholars, from both theological education and undergraduate contexts, provide brief descriptions and analyses of a specific course they have taught online. They describe…

  7. "Listen and Understand What I Am Saying": Church-Listening as a Challenge for Non-Native Listeners of English in the United Kingdom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malmström, Hans

    2015-01-01

    This article uses computer-assisted analysis to study the listening environment provided by Bible readings and preaching during church services. It focuses on the vocabulary size needed to comprehend 95% and 98% of the running words of the input (lexical coverage levels indicating comprehension in connection with listening) and on the place of…

  8. The Relationship between Preparatory Time and Study Resources with Adult Christian Education Curriculum Resources at Highpoint Baptist Church Eight Mile, Alabama

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Christina Joyce

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze a possible relationship between two catalysts: the amount of time and the number of Bible study resources teachers use in preparation to teach Sunday school with Christian education curriculum resources. The precedent literature of this study validates that the goal of Christian education is spiritual…

  9. Dredging Research

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS, POC: Dr. Nicholas Kraus, (601) 634- 2018 . ______________’I.9 DRP Technical Area 1 workshop scheduled...I uold ask you is, ’What are which has been the " bible "of coastal en- videotape to reaffirm my commitment to the avenues we should pursue in this

  10. Old insights, same questions.

    PubMed

    Carpinello, Olivia; DeCherney, Alan

    2018-05-01

    The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. -Ecclesiastes 1:9, King James Bible. Copyright © 2018 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Flexible Forces: US Ground Forces in Future War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-20

    initiated the debate in the first place. And a good place to begin examining their understanding of the differences they see is with the “ bible ” of... 2018 ,” comments made at Royal United Studies Institute Warfare Conference, 12 June 2008, London; page 7 of transcript. 64 language to remain a rarefied

  12. A Trainee Demand Analysis for the Expansion of the Marine Corps Embassy Security Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-17

    FY GIXid$ of serwite (GOS] 2010 3 lOll ~ ,2012 5 2013 X 2014 X ,2015 )t 2016 X 2017 X , 2018 X 2019 X ,1010 X L lntetfaee J oetachme;nt...Walkenbach, J. (2010). Microsoft Excel 2010 bible . Indianapolis, IN: Wiley. Wang, J., Egudo, R., & Galanis, G. (2007, August). Determining training demand

  13. Localizing and Beamforming Freely-Drifting VLF (Very Low Frequency) Acoustic Sensors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    short. I am indebted to my Bible study brothers for nourishment and inspiration. No man has ever had better friends. 0x 1. Introduction Under Office of...resonant mechanical oscillation signals excited by the tape recorder turning on and off. A 2018 point (40.96 second) FFT was used in Appendix B, and

  14. A Developing Theology of Poverty and Health Applied to Nursing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cone, Pamela M. H.

    2015-01-01

    Throughout history, the issue of poverty has been a problem in society. In this article, examination of Hebrew and Greek words related to poverty throughout the Bible revealed descriptions of the various types and causes of poverty. Historical research uncovered writings on poverty by several early Church Fathers and influential Christian scholars…

  15. Reconsidering the Role of Memory in Religious Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brancatelli, Robert

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the importance of memory in the Hebrew bible and how memory lay at the center of Ancient Israel's religious faith and cultural identity. It argues for a similar, albeit nuanced, memory-based approach to contemporary Christian religious education. It analyzes memory through the lens of Paul Ricoeur's hermeneutic of narration…

  16. The Familiar Made Strange: An Orientation to Biblical Study in Vancouver

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maier, Harry O.

    2007-01-01

    This paper originated in a Wabash-funded colloquium organized by Richard Ascough and Leif Vaage, on the theme: "Teaching the Bible for Leadership in the United Church of Canada." Professors teaching biblical studies at United Church seminaries and theological schools met over three years to share pedagogy, things that have worked and not…

  17. Addressing Poverty Issues in Christian Schools: Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bankston, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of Christian education is to incorporate Biblical values in the curriculum, and one essential message in the Bible is to reach out and liberate the poor. Through interviews, writing protocols, a focus group meeting, and document analysis, this narrative study focuses on the question of how do Christian educators create pedagogical…

  18. Educational Measurement. Fourth Edition. ACE/Praeger Series on Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brennan, Robert L., Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Educational Measurement" has been the bible in its field since the first edition was published by ACE in 1951. The importance of this fourth edition of "Educational Measurement" is to extensively update and extend the topics treated in the previous three editions. As such, the fourth edition documents progress in the field and…

  19. A Study of the Impact of Mobile Phones as Learning Tools for Youth in Southern Baptist Churches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odom, Jerry David

    2012-01-01

    Problem: The problem of this study was to determine the differences between two groups of learners across four specified learner variables. The two groups were students using mobile phones and students without the use of mobile phones in youth Bible studies in selected Southern Baptist churches. The four learner variables were cognitive test…

  20. Dateline Child Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Care Information Exchange, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Reports on the Clinton administration's budget decisions concerning Head Start and the Child Care and Development Block Grant; the Children's Defense Fund's support of Clinton administration policies; cuts in United Way aid to local charities; and the ineligibility of a center at which Bible stories are read to receive a Small Business…

  1. Reading the Bible as a Pedagogical Text: Testing, Testament, and Some Postmodern Considerations about Religion/the Bible in Contemporary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segall, Avner; Burke, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    While it is true that following various Supreme Court decisions in the last century, religion is, in most cases, no longer explicitly taught in public school classrooms, we use this article to explore the ways in which implicit religious understandings regarding curriculum and pedagogy still remain prevalent in current public education. Building…

  2. Books That Make the Difference: What College Students Told Me.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashmore, Rhea

    1987-01-01

    In an effort to demonstrate the influence of reading, a reading and skills improvement instructor asked college students what book made the greatest difference in their lives and what that difference was. The instructor polled 120 students and listed 20 of those responses and their emotional reactions. Book titles ranged from "The Bible" and "A…

  3. Biblical Antecedents to Fiscal Equity: Policy Implications for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furst, Lyndon G.

    Most arguments for fiscal equity in financing America's schools have been based on constitutional provisions and on the socio-political dogma that underlies a democratic society. This paper approaches the subject using as its theoretical basis a document even more basic to the founding of the republic than the Constitution--the Bible. Using the…

  4. "Words with Power" for Social Transformation: An Anatomy of Biblical Criticism for Theological Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker-Jones, Arthur

    2008-01-01

    The proliferation of methods of literary criticism in biblical studies raises the question of how to introduce students to the field. This article argues that the work of Northrop Frye is useful for teaching the existential meaning and social impact of the Bible. The first section introduces relevant aspects of Frye's literary theory. The second…

  5. Breaking the Taboo: An Exploration of Female University Students' Experiences of Attending a Feminist-Informed Sex Education Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Askew, Julie

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the results of a qualitative interview study of nine young women who attended a feminist-informed human sexuality course as undergraduate students at a US university located in the "Bible belt". The course focused on messages of desire and empowerment, rather than romance or fear, and was designed to encourage students to…

  6. A Menu of Orientations to the Teaching of Rabbinic Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2010-01-01

    Following the work of Grossman (1991) in the teaching of English literature and Holtz (2003) in the teaching of Bible, this article develops a menu of orientations for the teaching of rabbinic literature. First, the author explores and clarifies the idea of orientations. Then, each of ten orientations to the teaching of rabbinic literature is…

  7. How the Science versus Religion Debate Has Missed the Point of Genesis 1 and 2: Jacques Ellul (1912-1994)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderburg, Willem H.

    2010-01-01

    From a social and historical perspective, the conflict between science and religion regarding the opening chapters of Genesis in the Jewish and Christian Bibles may have more to do with uncritically reading these texts through our "cultural glasses" than with what these texts actually say. Within the context of his work, Jacques Ellul read these…

  8. The History of Urban Gifted Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The history of the world could be told through countless biographies, as Carlyle said, and these biographies undoubtedly would represent gifted individuals and their contributions at different times in different cultures of the world. The Greeks and Romans recognized the value of talent, as did the tribes of the Bible, responding to the parables…

  9. What Really Matters in Synagogue Education: A Comparative Case Study of a Conventional School and an Alternative Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litman, Lesley

    2017-01-01

    This article examines case studies of two part-time synagogue education programs, a conventional "Hebrew School" and an alternative program modeled after Jewish summer camp. Using the lens of teaching of Bible to children in Grades 3-5, the study provides insight into similarities and differences between the two types of programs and the…

  10. Narrative, Self-Assessment, and Reflective Learners and Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramp, Mary Kay; Humphreys, W. Lee

    1992-01-01

    A classroom research project investigated whether having students tell their own stories about learning might provide a mode and a context for self-assessment of their formal work in relation to their experience and growth as learners. Two courses involving sustained reading of major segments of the Hebrew Bible/Christian Old Testament taught at…

  11. Graph-Theoretic Statistical Methods for Detecting and Localizing Distributional Change in Multivariate Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    The weekly Navigators Bible study group, a rotating cast totaling about 120 men led by Bob Reehm, was a crucial ensemble in this effort. Their...grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. Hebrews 4:15-16 For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge

  12. "Who Am I?": The Biblical Moses as a Metaphor for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gravett, Emily O.

    2015-01-01

    This essay presents Moses, the protagonist of the biblical books of Exodus and Deuteronomy in the Hebrew Bible, as a playful but generative metaphor for current teaching practices and experiences in higher education, including my own. Among numerous similarities (such as the fact that Moses, other teachers, and I are all bound by context), the…

  13. Kabbalah, Education, and Prayer: Jewish Learning in the Seventeenth Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Necker, Gerold

    2018-01-01

    In the seventeenth century, the Jewish mystical tradition which is known as Kabbalah was integrated into the curriculum of studying the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud. Kabbalah became popular in these times in the wake of the dissemination of Isaac Luria's teachings, in particular within the Jewish communities in Prague and Amsterdam, where members…

  14. Religious Practices in the Schools: Alternatives to the "Wall of Separation" Between Church and State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.

    1981-01-01

    The issue of the separation of church and state is explored, and compromises are offered to provide free exercise of religion without violating the Constitution. Suggested compromises include: (1) a moment of silence; (2) released time programs; (3) comparative religion classes; and (4) the use of the Bible in history and literature classes. (JN)

  15. DeWit Sworn In As NASA CFO

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2018-04-23

    Jeff DeWit, left, is seen during a ceremonial swearing in as the NASA Chief Financial Officer by Vice President Mike Pence as DeWit's wive Marina holds the bible and their children, Delaney, left, Katie, and Jamie look on, Monday, April 23, 2018 at NASA Headquarters in Washington. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

  16. Causes of Hunger: A User's Guide for Christian Congregations. Companion Guide to Causes of Hunger: Hunger 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Susan Kay; Simmons, Jim

    This document is an interactive, intergenerational guide designed to help organize group or individual study of "Causes of Hunger." The guide includes activities, worship aids, Bible studies, and a resource list--all adapted for classes, weekend retreats, and evening meetings. The guide is divided into nine sessions to be used with a variety of…

  17. Homeschoolers on to College: What Research Shows Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Brian D.

    2004-01-01

    Experience and anecdotes have led many people to believe that homeschool parents were either move-to-the-country anarchist goat-herders, or right-wing Bible-thumpers, and their children were either mathematically-limited, due to Mama's fear of math, or child prodigies in rocket-science who were unthinkably socially hindered. Although one can find…

  18. The Impossible Voyage of Noah's Ark.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Robert A.

    1983-01-01

    A direct and definitive response to the creationist Noah's ark arguments is presented in this publication. Although the Bible is used as a constant reference point, the author does not engage in biblical criticism. The critique is rather directed at the leading creationist books and experimental studies that seek to scientifically prove that the…

  19. Transitioning from a Theological College to a Christian University in East African Context: A Multi-Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulatu, Semeon

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation analyzed and described transitions from a theological or Bible college to a Christian liberal arts college or university in East African context. The research was specially driven by the desire to find out the reasons for such transitions, the challenges of the transition process and how such transitions affect the mission of the…

  20. Circle of healing: traditional storytelling, part two.

    PubMed

    Porter, Walter

    2003-01-01

    For decades, Bible stories have been a source of both conflict and healing. In earlier days, Christian missionaries often went to considerable lengths to question the accuracy of traditional northern Native stories, especially those with supernatural dimensions, and to discredit traditional Native spiritual leaders, such as medicine men and women, angakoks, and shamans. The missionaries’ efforts often undercut Native culture and sometimes contributed to the intergenerational trauma that creates widespread hurt and pain in northern Native communities today. At the same time, a significant number of northern Native people derive considerable solace and support from their Christian beliefs and church affiliations, and many Christian religious organizations active in the North today no longer oppose traditional Native stories, practices, and values. Many northern Native people recognize that there is great value in both Native stories and the stories found in the Bible, but some still feel a tension in trying to reconcile acceptance of both. In his presentation, Walter Porter provided an interesting perspective on this issue, and his approach has considerable potential for healing.

  1. Anticipating Needs at End of Life in Narratives Related by People Living With HIV/AIDS in Appalachia.

    PubMed

    Hall, Joanne; Hutson, Sadie P; West, Frankie

    2018-07-01

    As part of a mixed methods study determining end-of-life and advanced care planning needs in southern Appalachia, a narrative analysis was done of stories told in interviews of 8 selected participants using transcript data. Narratives were fraught with contradiction and paradox. Tensions were evident about living in Appalachia, the Bible Belt, and an area wherein distances are long and community rejection can occur as news travels quickly. The primary finding was that stigma, from several sources, and shrinking circles of social support for people living with HIV/AIDS, all of whom were in treatment, combined to create a sense of solitariness. Narratives were fraught with tensions, contradictions, and paradoxes. Living in Appalachia, the Bible Belt, and an area wherein distances are long and community rejection can occur as news travels quickly. The rejection-based religiously based stigma was often predicated on stereotypes about sexual behavior and illicit drug use. Diagnosis was a key turning point after which many spiraled downward financially and socially. Implications for research and advanced care planning are included.

  2. Religious practices and alcoholism in a southern adult population.

    PubMed

    Koenig, H G; George, L K; Meador, K G; Blazer, D G; Ford, S M

    1994-03-01

    The study examined associations between religious variables and alcohol abuse and dependence among 2,969 North Carolina residents aged 18 to 97 who participated in the 1983-1984 National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area survey at its Piedmont location. Six-month and lifetime prevalence of alcohol disorders were compared among participants reporting varying levels of religious activity. Data were collected on frequency of Bible reading, prayer, and church attendance; time spent watching or listening to religious programming on television or radio; importance of religion; religious denomination; and identification as "born-again" Christians. Recent and lifetime alcohol disorders were less common among weekly churchgoers and those who considered themselves born again. Recent, but not lifetime, alcohol disorders were also less common among respondents who frequently read the Bible or prayed privately. Alcohol disorders were more common among those who frequently watched or listened to religious television and radio. Lifetime, but not recent, alcohol disorders were more prevalent among members of Pentecostal denominations. Longitudinal study is necessary to further clarify and explain these relationships between religious practices and alcohol disorders.

  3. 20 CFR 416.804 - Certified copy in lieu of original.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certified copy in lieu of original. 416.804... AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Determination of Age § 416.804 Certified copy in lieu of original. In lieu of the original of any record, except a Bible or other family record, there may be submitted as evidence...

  4. Frank C. Laubach, Literacy Pioneer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearney, Linda

    A fervent idealist whose dream was to eliminate illiteracy throughout the world, Frank C. Laubach sought to bring Christianity to the masses by giving them the ability to read and spread the teachings of the Bible. In working with people in the nonindustrialized nations, Laubach also saw the need for economic and political self-sufficiency. He…

  5. Reading/Literacy--For the Lower Orders? Part 1: From Wycliff to the Seventeenth Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, John

    2013-01-01

    The first part of this account of struggles over literacy begins with the later middle ages and follows issues in the construction of a literacy addressed to the lower orders through to the seventeenth century. After the suppression of the Lollard Bible had left the English peasantry without that spur to literacy, the sixteenth-century formation…

  6. Using Twitter to Teach Reader-Oriented Biblical Interpretation: "Tweading" the Gospel of Mark

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Robert, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Twitter offers an engaging way to introduce students to reader-oriented interpretation of the Bible. The exercise described here introduces students to the idea that the reader has a role in the production of a text's meaning, which thus varies from reader to reader. Twitter enables us to capture the real-time thoughts of a variety of…

  7. College Rankings Inflation: Are You Overpaying for Prestige? Education Outlook. No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.; Hochleitner, Taryn

    2012-01-01

    College ranking guides such as Barron's "Profiles of American Colleges" and "US News and World Report" serve as bibles for college applicants and their families. The schools they proclaim as most competitive or elite receive a flood of applications, despite their often-hefty price tags. However, the ranks of the top-tier schools are growing,…

  8. The past, present, and future of soils and human health studies

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The idea that human health is tied to the soil is not a new one. As far back as approximately 1400 B.C. the Bible depicts Moses as understanding that fertile soil was essential to the well-being of his people. While exploring Canaan, Moses charged the men he sent to evaluate the fertility of the soi...

  9. Reflections upon an "Atheist Epic": Madalyn Murray O'Hair and "Baltimore Sun" Reporters Comment about Coverage of the First Incidents Leading to the Supreme Court's Banning of Compulsory Prayer in Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Jim; Kahan, Bob

    In 1960 a teenage boy, Bill Murray, refused to participate in Bible reading, and the result was a series of court cases that culminated in the 1963 United States Supreme Court decision banning compulsory prayer in public schools. To gain insight into the dynamics of journalism practiced during controversy, a case study attempts to examine the…

  10. Dinosaurs on the Ark: The Creation Museum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asma, Stephen T.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes the Creation Museum, founded by Ken A. Ham and designed as a rebuttal to the evolutionary view taken by other natural history museums. He discusses the socially conservative roots of the museum's exhibits, and presents Ham's answers to questions about the museum. The message of the museum is that the Bible is…

  11. English as an International Language (EIL), World Englishes within an International Context, and the Tower of Babel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jerry

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the similarities between the Bible record of the Tower of Babel and the resulting confusion of languages and how it relates to modern times and the trend we see of English as an International Language (EIL). This paper then briefly examines the trend of being culturally sensitive in EIL by accepting cultural or "world…

  12. The past, present, and future of soils and human health studies

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The idea that human health is tied to the soil is not a new one. As far back as circa 1400 B.C. the Bible depicts Moses as understanding that fertile soil was essential to the well-being of his people. In 400 B.C. the Greek philosopher Hippocrates provided a list of things that should be considered ...

  13. The Home Environments of Christian College Freshmen: Behind Closed Doors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fledderjohann, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a descriptive snapshot of high school students' home lives from their perspective as first-year college students as they attended a Bible college or Christian liberal arts college. The sample of over 2,300 surveys was collected annually for 14 years through selected freshmen courses, and the data reports on the frequencies of…

  14. A brief history of soils and human health work and needs for the future

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    The idea that human health is tied to the soil is not a new one. As far back as circa 1400 B.C. the Bible depicts Moses as understanding that fertile soil was essential to the well-being of his people. In 400 B.C. the Greek philosopher Hippocrates provided a list of things that should be considered ...

  15. Should We Be Teaching the Historical Critical Method?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adam, A. K. M.; Ascough, Richard; Gravett, Sandra; Hunt, Alice; Martin, Dale; Wimberly, Edward; Yang, Seung Ai

    2009-01-01

    This manuscript is an edited transcript of a panel discussion held at a Society of Biblical Literature conference (Boston, Massachusetts, November 22 to 24, 2008). Alice Hunt begins the discussion by summarizing the content and significance of a new book by Dale Martin, "The Pedagogy of The Bible" (Westminster John Knox Press, 2008) in which he…

  16. Literacy Mediations and Mediators in the "Escuela Dominical" of a Gitano Evangelist Church

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poveda, David; Palomares-Valera, Manuel; Cano, Ana

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we examine discourse and interaction during Saturday morning religious instruction classes in a Gitano (Spanish Romani) evangelist church. The focus is on adults as literacy mediators for the children in the process of learning ways to use and interpret the Bible. The analysis centres on two aspects: (1) the forms of textuality that…

  17. Best of 2008: Magazines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Steve

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the 10 best new magazines of 2008. They are: (1) BBC Knowledge; (2) Bible Study Magazine; (3) Culture: The Word on Cheese; (4) Food Network Magazine; (5) Lapham's Quarterly; (6) Miller-McCune; (7) NCAA Champion; (8) Science Illustrated; (9) Strategy; and (10) World Affairs. These magazines have in common the potential to…

  18. Bibliography for Advancement Study. 1995 Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    Upgrade and Maintenance Guide (2d ed), Mark Minasi, Sybex, Inc., Alameda, CA, 1991 The Winn L. Rosch Hardware Bible (2d ed), Winn L. Rosch, Brady...Chap 3 (TRAMAN-See NAVEDTRA 12061) Machinery’s Handbook, 23rd Ed, Pp 74, 75, 515-519, 707-711, 1035-1037, 1085-1087, and 2017- 2018 Valves, Traps, and

  19. Institutional Factors in the Education of Teachers: An Historical Preview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pemberton, S. Macpherson

    This paper presents a historical overview of teacher education in America. It begins with a description of normal schools, whose function was closely tied to the church (e.g., teaching people to read the Bible). Then it covers the educational revival in the 19th century which established free public schools. James Carter, Samuel Hall, and Horace…

  20. Teaching about the Historical Jesus: Scholarship, Context, and Balance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Christopher A.

    2011-01-01

    Many young college students in Florida tend to view the image of Jesus exclusively from a theological perspective. That image is produced by church services, religious study groups, or popular culture--all of which use the Bible as their primary source. The historical figure of Jesus is essentially unknown to most students. When the best scholars…

  1. "I Did Not Wash My Feet with that Woman": Using Dramatic Performance to Teach Biblical Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torbett, David

    2010-01-01

    The student dramatic performance is an effective way for undergraduates to learn biblical studies. In this article I will give an example of a dramatic performance assignment that I developed over a number of courses and used most recently and most successfully in an undergraduate course in the Hebrew Bible at a small liberal arts college in the…

  2. Saudi-Egyptian Relations: the Political and Military Dimensions of Saudi Financial Flows to Egypt,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-01-01

    considered the word of Feisal as bible and hi., concern for Egvpt𔃿 wellare as unwavering. Another stock techniqu e of polemic has been the raising of...iPlacing Sadat within the tradition of the £ula.i> ia is suggested by Shimon Shamir in his collection of essays in Hebrew , Mit.ruim Fl- Hanhajat .5adat

  3. How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa’ida

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    prophecies of Nostradamus, the Book of Revelation in the Christian Bible , Buddhist scripture, and other personal revelations. In 1993, Asahara publicly...Texas (U.S.) 1995–1998 100s H F RW TC PO Resistenza Corsa (France) 2002–2003 10s H F N TC S Revenge of the Hebrew Babies (Israel, West Bank/Gaza) 2002

  4. [Dreams in ancient Hebrew sources].

    PubMed

    Kottek, Samuel S

    2009-01-01

    As in many cultures dreams are, in Hebrew sources, the object of numerous questions where are dreams from? Which is their function? Are they a physical or metaphysical phenomenon? The article analyzes the topic of nature of dreams in the Bible, with a particolar attention devoted to the Joseph's history. Talmudic text are, in particular, rich in references.

  5. The Fall of an Academic Cyberbully

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolowich, Steve

    2009-01-01

    Few academic debates are as contentious as those surrounding the Dead Sea Scrolls. These fragments of some 800 ancient documents include portions of all but one book of the Hebrew Bible. The first ones were discovered in 1947 by shepherds in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, and are believed to be the oldest surviving Judaic…

  6. Engineering analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers for GEM

    SciTech Connect

    Horvath, J.A.; Belser, F.C.; Pratuch, S.M.

    Structural analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers performed up to the date of this publication are documented. Mechanical property data for typical chamber materials are included. This information, originally intended to be an appendix to the {open_quotes}CSC Structural Design Bible,{close_quotes} is presented as a guide for future designers of large chambers.

  7. Myrrh--Commiphora chemistry.

    PubMed

    Hanus, Lumír O; Rezanka, Tomás; Dembitsky, Valery M; Moussaieff, Arieh

    2005-06-01

    Myrrh and opopanax has been used throughout history in incense and as a perfume. Since Bible times it has been used for the treatment of wounds. The first attempts to identify content compounds were almost 100 years ago. In this review we discuss the present state of knowledge in the chemistry of substances of Commiphora spp.

  8. Sounding Sacred: The Adoption of Biblical Archaisms in the Book of Mormon and Other 19th Century Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Gregory A.

    2016-01-01

    The Book of Mormon is a text published in 1830 and considered a sacred work of scripture by adherents of the Latter-day Saint movement. Although written 200 years later, it exhibits many linguistic features of the King James translation of the Bible. Such stylistic imitation has been little studied, though a notable exception is Sigelman &…

  9. Religion and Attitudes toward Divorce Laws among U.S. Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokes, Charles E.; Ellison, Christopher G.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines religious differences in attitudes toward divorce laws among U.S. adults. Using pooled data from the 2000-2006 NORC General Social Surveys (N = 5,683), we find that frequency of religious attendance and belief that the Bible is the Word of God are strong predictors of support for stricter laws governing divorce. Indeed, these…

  10. Hey, Small Spender: An Insider's Guide to Navigating ALA's Chicago Conference on the Cheap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Library Journal, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an insider's guide to navigating the American Library Association's (ALA) annual conference in Chicago on July 9-15. As for the extracurricular activities, Chicago has a lot to offer. This article provides tips from the arts and entertainment bible "Time Out Chicago" on where to go and what to do (on a limited…

  11. Positive Role Models vs. Bullies: Can They Be Distinguished by Following Articulate Animals into Worlds of Suspended Disbelief?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    Orally and later in written form, stories have been used to identify and reinforce the values of a culture. The parables of the Bible and the vocalization of articulate animals in Aesop fables continue to be used to teach morals to children. While the majority of existing research investigates the effective use of animals as a tool in character…

  12. Scriptural Engagement, Communication with God, and Moral Behavior among Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ovwigho, Pamela Caudill; Cole, Arnold

    2010-01-01

    How often an individual reads or listens to scripture is one dimension of private spirituality rarely discussed in the literature. In this study, we use data from a random sample survey of 1009 American children (ages eight to 12) to explore children's engagement with the Christian Bible, their views of communicating with God, and their moral…

  13. The Place of the Textbook in the Didactic System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khutorskoi, A. V.

    2006-01-01

    There have been a great many good and varied textbooks in the history of education. For example, there was L.F. Magnitskii's "Arithmetic," L.N. Tolstoy's "Primer," and the Bible, which can also be thought of as a textbook. None of them is like the others at all. Each one is suitable for dealing with its own objectives in the…

  14. Salvation from Narrow-Mindedness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, H. William

    2008-01-01

    Few Americans outside the Bible Belt understand the pressure placed on nonconformists in the South. The historical roots are deep: The people who had been defeated in the Civil War felt they had to stick together, so they feared the man or woman who spoke up and said, "I do not agree." As a Southerner whose parents passionately supported the…

  15. Nurses Christian Fellowship International: Partners in Care.

    PubMed

    White, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    The Nurses Christian Fellowship International Quadrennial Conference was held November 5-10, 2012, in Santiago, Chile. The theme, "Partners in Care: Unity in diversity through Christ" brought together nurses from all over the world for Bible teaching, education, networking, and fellowship. Plenary and session abstracts are available as supplemental digital content through the HTML and PDF versions of this article at journalofchristiannursing.com.

  16. Christian Learner: Wisdom and Gaining Knowledge Equals Joy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Bonne

    2012-01-01

    When a Christian learner gains insight that learning is needed and takes the appropriate action to learn the knowledge and apply it, there will be joy and satisfaction with learning. The premise for this paper is in the Bible verse Ecclesiastes 2:26: (NASB) "For to a person who is good in His sight He has given wisdom and knowledge and joy..."…

  17. A Giant Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baggaley, Jon

    2011-01-01

    The term Tower of Babel has become synonymous with projects that have grand designs but end in confusion. So named in the Bible, the Tower is described in the Qur'an and in Judaic texts also, under different names. Its reputed purpose was to unify the nations of the earth with a common language. The Tower fell, however, and those who collaborated…

  18. Gesticulation: A Plan of Classification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Francis

    People take their folk gestures seriously, which is illustrated in the fact that several folk gestures, such as raising the right hand and kissing the Bible, are used in religious and legal ceremonies. These and other gestures, such as making the sign of the cross and knocking on wood, are folk gestures used today which have their roots in early…

  19. Survivability Extensions for Dynamic Ultralog Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-12-07

    8217 on line number 2018 doDo: Wrong number of tokens for ’Do’ on line number 2049 doDo: Wrong number of tokens for ’Do’ on line number 2069 doDo...discuss survivability as defined in the " bible of computational complexity", namely, the book "Computers and Intractability, a Guide to the Theory of

  20. Microdosimetric Measurements on Nuclear Reactions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    applied to the field of radiation induced mutations. 130 BIBL OGI1APHY 1. T.C. May and M.H. Woods, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices ED-l26, 2...McNulty, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 11Sz29, 2012 (1982). 42. F.B. McLean and T.R. Oldham, ibid., NS-2.2, 2018 (1982). 43. G.C. Messenger

  1. Marshall A. Hudson: Pioneer Adult Religious Educator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, Jim

    In 1890, Marshall Hudson, a Syracuse (New York) crockery merchant, began a men's Bible class, called Baraca. The aim of the class was to make happy or bless every man who came into the circle, and the class tried to have an engagement with its members every night of the week. Men and women were encouraged to study in separate classes with separate…

  2. A Brief History of Non-Euclidean Geometry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Daniel; Scott, Paul

    2004-01-01

    Around 300 BC, Euclid wrote "The Elements", a major treatise on the geometry of the time, and what would be considered "geometry" for many years after. Arguably "The Elements" is the second most read book of the western world, falling short only to The Bible. In his book, Euclid states five postulates of geometry which he uses as the foundation…

  3. Invisible Bruises: Understanding Domestic Violence Indicators in Online Students and How Faculty Can Offer Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiacchia, Monique

    2012-01-01

    Domestic violence has been a reality in civilized society since a time prior to the Bible, but it has only been within the last thirty years that public recognition of its effects has infiltrated the media and the law. This has been due in part to the writings and research of Lenore Walker, who has been called the "Mother of The Battered…

  4. A Call for Character Education and Prayer in the Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeynes, William H.

    2009-01-01

    This book offers an examination of the related topics of school prayer and character education in the United States, advocating for their return to public schools. In 1962 and 1963, the U.S. Supreme Court made rulings that removed prayer and Bible reading from public schools. But in the aftermath of the rulings, the nation endured one of the worst…

  5. Uganda: condoms provoke an AIDS storm.

    PubMed

    Tebere, R

    1991-03-01

    An advertisement in the Uganda weekly Topic printed in 1990 is the center of the controversy over whether promoting condom use to prevent AIDS is really promoting immorality and promiscuity. The ad states: "The bible may save your soul but this condom will save you life." Critics have called the ad blasphemy for showing a condom package alongside the Bible; claimed the condom fools people into thinking they are safe from AIDS; and blamed the practice of supplying condoms for the moral decadence that is destroying the country. In contrast the national AIDS Control Program (ACP) believes that supplying university students, who may be the group at highest risk, with condoms, is wise because they at lest know how to use them properly. A spokesman for the ACP said that the condom is one of the limited options that exist to fight the life-threatening epidemic. Present Museven changed his views to November 1990 from a policy of encouraging abstinence and monogamy, to promoting condoms. This change in government policy coincided with the report of 17,422 cases of AIDS, and the estimate that 1.3 million people in Uganda are infected with HIV.

  6. Fusion 2.0: The Next Generation of Fusion in California: Aligning State and Regional Fusion Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    bible ” for fusion center management, as evidenced by the theme of the 2009 National Fusion Center Conference; appropriately called “Achieving Baseline...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS FUSION 2.0: THE NEXT GENERATION OF FUSION IN CALIFORNIA: ALIGNING STATE AND...Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Fusion 2.0: The Next Generation of Fusion in California: Aligning State and Regional Fusion

  7. Sustaining Science through Language in a Pluralistic World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogunsiji, Yemi; Ojo, J. O.; Farinde, R. O.

    2015-01-01

    In any society, the role of language has always been a very vital and incontrovertible one. The bible made us to understand that at the beginning, there was word and the word was with God and God was the word. The world and all that we have therein were created through word. This makes one to wonder about the power in language today. At all levels…

  8. [The decoration of Italian Renaissance drug jars after engravings].

    PubMed

    Drey, R E

    1994-01-01

    Although Italian drug jar painters generally devised original compositions for the ornamentation of their products, on occasion they derived their subjects from printed sources. Printed sources used by drug jar artists of the Renaissance include wood-engraved Italian tarot cards and wood-engraved illustrations by Hans Sebald Beham and Bernard Salomon in miniature bibles published in the sixteenth century in Frankfurt and in Lyons respectively.

  9. [Comparative ophthalmology in the Middle Ages].

    PubMed

    Norn, M; Norn, O

    2001-01-01

    Descriptions of animal eyes in the Middle Ages in the learned work Physiologus from the 4th century, based on Aristoteles, Plutarc, the Bible etc. are commented on. The modern biologist is horrified, the historian understands the ethical - religious aspects behind the edifying stories concerning the lion, gazelle, eagle, snake, lizard, swallow etc. Medical science and theology were not separated in the Middle Ages.

  10. Armstrong Memorial Service

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-09-13

    Apollo 11 command module pilot Michael Collins is framed by the upraised Bible held by the Rev. Gina Gilland Campbell during a memorial service celebrating the life of Neil Armstrong at the Washington National Cathedral, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon during the 1969 Apollo 11 mission, died Saturday, Aug. 25. He was 82. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

  11. Word frequencies: A comparison of Pareto type distributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wiegand, Martin; Nadarajah, Saralees; Si, Yuancheng

    2018-03-01

    Mehri and Jamaati (2017) [18] used Zipf's law to model word frequencies in Holy Bible translations for one hundred live languages. We compare the fit of Zipf's law to a number of Pareto type distributions. The latter distributions are shown to provide the best fit, as judged by a number of comparative plots and error measures. The fit of Zipf's law appears generally poor.

  12. A Trainee Demand Analysis for the Expansion of the Marine Corps Embassy Security Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    156 163 )l 2014 )l )l 163 180 )l 2015 )l X 18{1 195 X 2016 )l X 195 210 X 2017 )l X .210 210 X 2018 1t )l 210 210 )l 2019 )l )l 110 210 )l 2010...website: http://www.mcesg.marines.mil/About/MCESGMission Walkenbach, J. (2010). Microsoft Excel 2010 bible . Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Wang, J., Egudo, R

  13. Echoes of Faith

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, B. Denise

    2012-01-01

    In the years after the Civil War, there were millions of newly-freed Black children and adults who emerged from slavery worn, but eager and determined to get something they never had--a chance to learn how to read the Bible, write their names and words on a page, and be educated. Even before the Civil War, some Blacks in the North were pressing…

  14. Deployment of the National Guard: Mobilization in Confusion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-27

    Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional accrediting...Association of Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional...commanders and their staff is FORSCOM Regulation 500-3-3, the Reserve Component Unit Commanders Handbook (RCUCH).13 This document was essentially the “ bible

  15. The Ongoing War Between the United States National Counter-Terrorism Structure and Militant Islamists: Is the Next 9/11 Preventable

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-22

    security organizations. At lower levels of the Counter-Terrorism structure, fusion centers exist within nearly all fifty states. This is a completely new...all Americans who do not convert to Islam. He elaborated how Muslims believe that rabbis and monks altered the Torah and Bible and that only the ...Forces (JTTF), and fusion artment of Homeland Security, the National Counterterrorism Center, and changes to the organization of the FBI and Congress

  16. Total Quality Management (TQM) Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    GTE FIE COPY DTIC c" ECTE 8JUL 25 1990u TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM) BIBLIOGRAPHY APRIL-1990 Jointly supported by __’__________-_________ Jointly...Arsenal, AL 35898-5241 1I. TITLE (Include Security Classification) TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM) BIBL IRAPHY APRIL-1990 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Knott...implementation of the concept of total quality management (TQM). The selected coverage includes books, periodical articles, conference papers and reports. Coded

  17. Information Assurance Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    usually written up by Logistics or Maintenance (4790 is the Maintenance “ Bible ”). If need be, and if resources are available, one could collect all...Public domain) SATAN (System Administration Tool for Analyzing Networks) (Public Domain) STAT ( Security Test and Analysis Tool) (Harris Corporation...Service-Filtering Tools 1. TCP/IP wrapper program • Tools to Scan Hosts for Known Vulnerabilities 1. ISS (Internet Security Scanner) 2. SATAN (Security

  18. The Potential for Religious Conflict in the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    U.S. military, Armed Forces Chaplains Board (AFCB), chaplain, chaplaincy, Judaism, Jewish, Jews, Wicca, Wiccan, pagan, neo-pagan, Satan , Native...reliance on faith. White House aides compare Bush’s evangelical demeanor to that of C.S. Lewis in Mere Christianity. President Bush reads the Bible daily...of the ancient Pagans. Neo-pagan traditions do not recognize a Manichean deity similar to the Judeo-Christian and Islamic Satan . Neo-pagans respect

  19. A User Definable SLAM Airfield Model Designed for Experimentation and Analysis. Volume II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    St), 2015 ATRIB(8)=TNOWU; 2016 ACT, ,USERF (37) .GE.ZvLZF4; 2#17 ACT, .0001,*L2SZ; 2018 2#19 LZF4 ASSIGNiI:ATRIB(46), 72 2521 ACTi.1991ttLZSZ; 2922...nature than thobe covered in the main text. So.ne were added because thcre were adlditional co1aLlenltS which needed to bL made to a jjo bible user

  20. Orde Wingate and the British Internal Security Strategy during the Arab Rebellion in Palestine, 1936-1939

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    gained through the reading of the Bible and his Christian faith.120 He also began learning Hebrew , which would distinguish him as one of the few...some years and knew Arabic well, but since coming to Palestine had developed pronounced Zionist tendencies and was now learning Yiddish or Hebrew ...researched works on the period drawing from English, Arabic and Hebrew sources, see Porath, The Palestinian Arab National Movement: From Riots to

  1. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: A Hopeless Case for U.S. Policy in the Middle East?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-24

    of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, “for Jews, whose attachment to the Land the Bible , the West Bank is Judea and Samaria, is sacred land. For Jews...ww d.edu/marshall/crsreports/crsdocuments/RL31119_09102001.pdf Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University, 2001). 149 See Kenneth...Jewry, Hebrew University, 2001 Perry, Mark. A Fire in Zion: The Israeli-Palestinian Search for Peace. New York, William Morrow and Company, 1994

  2. Writer's Research Handbook: The Research Bible for Freelance Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottam, Keith M.; Pelton, Robert W.

    This book's purpose is to aid the researcher-writer in locating information from a variety of fields. It describes over 200 basic reference sources, and groups them according to the following types of information: background information, magazine or newspaper articles, books, definitions, fact sources, biography, quotations, statistics,…

  3. Bibles, Other Scriptures, Liturgies, and Hymnals in Special Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.

    This document lists the sacred texts of many world religions, in a variety of languages, translations, and versions, that are available in special media. The information provided for the materials includes source, medium, availability, and title. Priority was given to citing complete works; portions are listed only if they are unique in…

  4. Vertical and meridional distributions of the atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio between northern midlatitudes and southern subtropics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Machida, T.; Kita, K.; Kondo, Y.; Blake, D.; Kawakami, S.; Inoue, G.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    The atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio was measured using a continuous measurement system onboard a Gulfstream-II aircraft between the northern midlatitudes and the southern subtropics during the Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment Phase A (BIBLE A) campaign in September-October 1998. The vertical distribution of CO2 over tropical regions was almost constant from the surface to an altitude of 13 km. CO2 enhancements from biomass burning and oceanic release were observed in the tropical boundary layer. Measurements in the upper troposphere indicate interhemispheric exchange was effectively suppressed between 2°N-7°N. Interhemispheric transport of air in the upper troposphere was suppressed effectively in this region. The CO2 mixing ratios in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres were almost constant, with an average value of about 365 parts per million (ppm) and 366 ppm, respectively. The correlation between the CO2 and NOy mixing ratios observed north of 7°N was apparently different from that obtained south of 2°N. This fact strongly supports the result that the north-south boundary in the upper troposphere during BIBLE A was located around 2°N-7°N as the boundary is not necessary a permanent feature.

  5. Vertical and meridional distributions of the atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio between northern midlatitudes and southern subtropics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Machida, T.; Kita, K.; Kondo, Y.; Blake, D.; Kawakami, S.; Inoue, G.; Ogawa, T.

    2002-02-01

    The atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio was measured using a continuous measurement system onboard a Gulfstream-II aircraft between the northern midlatitudes and the southern subtropics during the Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment Phase A (BIBLE A) campaign in September-October 1998. The vertical distribution of CO2 over tropical regions was almost constant from the surface to an altitude of 13 km. CO2 enhancements from biomass burning and oceanic release were observed in the tropical boundary layer. Measurements in the upper troposphere indicate interhemispheric exchange was effectively suppressed between 2°N-7°N. Interhemispheric transport of air in the upper troposphere was suppressed effectively in this region. The CO2 mixing ratios in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres were almost constant, with an average value of about 365 parts per million (ppm) and 366 ppm, respectively. The correlation between the CO2 and NOy mixing ratios observed north of 7°N was apparently different from that obtained south of 2°N. This fact strongly supports the result that the north-south boundary in the upper troposphere during BIBLE A was located around 2°N-7°N as the boundary is not necessary a permanent feature.

  6. Military Personnel Casualty Matters, Policies, and Procedures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-27

    CHURCHES IN THE USA GI AMERICAN BAPTIST CONVENTION CH BAPTIST BIBLE FEI.MSHIP BB BAPTIST GENERAL CONFERENCE DD BAPTIST MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION...FELLOWSHYP BC CHURCH OF THE UNITED BRETHREN IN CHRIST JD FELLOWSHIP OF GRACE BRETHRFN CHURCHES EJ GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE BRETHREN CHURCH JS...CHRIST 18 CHURCH OF GOD 20 CHURCH OF GOD <ANDERSONIN) Dc CHURCH OF GOD (CLEVELAND,IN) JC CHURCH OF GOD GENERAL CONFERENCE PV CHURCH OF GOD IN CHRIST

  7. Preserved Network Metrics across Translated Texts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabatbat, Josephine Jill T.; Monsanto, Jica P.; Tapang, Giovanni A.

    2014-09-01

    Co-occurrence language networks based on Bible translations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) translations in different languages were constructed and compared with random text networks. Among the considered network metrics, the network size, N, the normalized betweenness centrality (BC), and the average k-nearest neighbors, knn, were found to be the most preserved across translations. Moreover, similar frequency distributions of co-occurring network motifs were observed for translated texts networks.

  8. The Elephant in the Room: Confronting Ideology and Armed Groups

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    World Public Opinion.org, April 24, 2007, http://www.fcnl.org/ pdfs /middle_east/muslim_public_opinion_ pipa.pdf, 21–22. 41 Michael Mousseau...gigantic world conspiracy of probably Satanic origins.59 The term “Patriot movement” (which Neiwert uses because its members use the term for...characterized by a dubious interpretation of the Protestant Bible and the U.S. Constitution. While the bombing by Timothy McVeigh of the Murrah Federal

  9. The Muslim Brotherhood in America: Orthodox and Active

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Psalms and Proverbs from the Bible . There are six canonical versions (the Sahih Sittah) of Hadith in Sunni Islam: the works of Bukhari, Muslim, Abu...guidance provided by God; to abolish all the Satanic forces 58 Al-Naqib, “o9.0 Jihad...Washington, DC: Center for Security Policy Press, 2010), 49. 60 Mashur, 5 61 Lopez, 45. 62 Ali, “Surah 9:5”, 438. 24 and Satanic systems of life

  10. Terror and Terrorism: A History of Ideas and Philosophical-Ethical Reflections

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. For a PDF version of this article, click here. Introduction The essay addresses the question of the...ever more dangerous violent acts inspired by religious motives. Islamic extremists, “ bible -prone” right wingers, and “Judgment Day” sectarians pursue...terrorist organizations is their shared goal of fighting and bringing down the “big Satan ,” the United States.[17] On the Mental Foundation and Psychic

  11. External beam pixe programs at the University of California, Davis

    SciTech Connect

    Eldred, R.A.

    A PIXE system in which large or delicate samples are excited by a low-current external proton beam is described. This system has been used to analyze historical printed books and manuscripts, as well as a large variety of archeological artifacts. The steps used to protect the sample from unnecessary beam current are examined. A recent thorough study of the first volume of the Gutenberg 42-line Bible is described in some detail.

  12. On the Fly: Israeli Airpower against the Al-Aqsa Intifada, 2000-2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    not punitive, purpose. In September 200, for example, Halutz noted that “Both the Bible and the Old Testament say: First slay him who would slay...weight of such intellectual and institutional inertia. Notes . In transliterated Hebrew , “Heyl ha’Avir.” 2. Lon Nordeen, Fighters over Israel (New...York: Orion Books, 990), 7. 3. Sometimes translated from the Hebrew as “Changing Tides,” but official English-language IDF publications use the

  13. Militant Ideology Atlas: Research Compendium

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    since I thought it was interesting the source author was using a title that was reminiscent of titles in the Hebrew bible even though this is the...disenfranchised youth in Jordanian prison and elsewhere. Notes: See English -language materials on Maqdisi’s website: http://www.revivingislam.com...Ibn Taymiyya’s teachings, translated into many languages, including English ("Book of Emaan According to Ibn Taymiyya"). Notes: One site calls

  14. Law of Armed Conflict Deskbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    recorded as the first five books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) of the Hebrew Bible , approximately 1400 B.C.. a. There is an...revenues for five years. The sum was ultimately paid under the watchful eye of Richard’s mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and he returned to English soil...Group, supposedly commanded by General Patton, in Kent, England across the English Channel from Calais. The desire was to mislead the Germans to

  15. Storage of Residual Fuel Oil in Underground Unlined Rock Caverns.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    underground space as the above-mentioned companies.) These companies are anxious to market their experience and cite contacts with the U.S. Department of...expanding marketing efforts. Detailed descriptions 13. In the original plan for producing a generic study of the four storage media, it was decided to...Jollanssonr and Mr. Tuomlo SaarniI Manager, Market ing Energy Sector (Bibl: 14, 15, arid 16). 13 . Ekono Oy is one ol the four companies forming the

  16. From the Line in the Sand: Accounts of USAF Company Grade Officers in Support of Desert Shield/Desert Storm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    and target annotated. The threat rings . . . lots of them . . . the wing commander . . . the chaplain reading from the Bible... this was real...Meanwhile, the OPT was already working the next mission. We updated the threat rings , chose a minimum risk route, coordinated defense suppression and...Prove it, Intel! You can’t prove it because you have no imagery backup for electronic intelligence. Okay then, let’s penetrate that ring to mini

  17. The Pope's scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cartlidge, Edwin

    2009-05-01

    When Galileo Galilei was being grilled by the Inquisition in 1633, he used a memorable phrase to explain why he felt that the Copernican Sun-centred world view was not at odds with Christianity. "Scripture is intended to teach us how to go to heaven, and not how the heavens go," he said. Galileo, in other words, thought that people should look to the Bible for salvation and not for an explanation of the natural world.

  18. Air & Space Power Journal. Volume 19, Number 1, Spring 2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    and the Hittites. He fought 17 campaigns abroad and was victorious in all of them. . . . The battle of Megiddo (Armageddon in the Bible ) demonstrated...handful of Muslims, men whose will was absolutely pure, as proven by their martyrdom, brought down the haughty towers erected by the Great Satan . What...better proof could there possibly be that God was on the side of radical Islam and that the end of the reign of the Great Satan was at hand?33

  19. Analysis of EA-18G Growler Engine Maintenance at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, WA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-30

    The aviation maintenance community considers the NAMP its bible . “The NAMP applies to all organizations operating or supporting Navy and Marine Corps...the present scenario and this will increase to 114, which is the total number of aircraft at the completion of the acquisition process in year 2018 ...increasing by 12 per year until 2018 where eight will complete the acquisition).  The cost of the F414-GE-400 engine is about $3.7 million

  20. Analysis of EA-18G Growler Engine Maintenance at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, WA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    maintenance. A. NAVAL AVIATION MAINTENANCE PROGRAM The aviation maintenance community considers the NAMP its bible . “The NAMP applies to all...will increase to 114, which is the total number of aircraft at the completion of the acquisition process in year 2018 (increasing by 12 per year...until 2018 where eight will complete the acquisition)  The cost of the F414-GE-400 engine is about 3.7 million dollars. B. CALCULATING THE ENGINE Aₒ

  1. The Evolving Nature of Warfare. Joint Center for Operational Analysis. Quarterly Bulletin, Volume 10, Issue 3, Fall 2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    to arm Marines with knowl- edge of where the Bible and the Koran are similar or the same, and where they diverge. The Marine still has to make a...ment, and an organization. Lubavitch means the “city of brotherly love.” The word “Chabad” is a Hebrew acronym for the three intellectual faculties...were competent in conversational English and their prayer books were in Hebrew , with French and Arabic translation. 3 According to the dictates of

  2. Israel’s Settlements in the West Bank: Should the United States Care

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    Israel – known as “Shechem” in Hebrew ) are the most important geographical locations in the historic land of Israel. The areas of Israel along the...the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God” (Holy Bible , King James...be bright. Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, one of the chief proponents in encouraging the 6 use of Hebrew for the Jewish immigrants to Palestine wrote in his

  3. Gregory the Great's metaphor of the physician of the heart as a model for pastoral identity.

    PubMed

    McGrath-Merkle, Clare

    2011-06-01

    The identity of the Roman Catholic priesthood remains in serious crisis. Scholars have called for a return to traditional sources to find possible solutions, including the Early Church Fathers and the Hebrew Bible. Following Oden, this article further explores Pope Gregory the Great's The Book of Pastoral Rule and his ideals regarding pastoral identity. Of unique importance is his notion of the pastor as a "physician of the heart," unrecognized previously as central to his project.

  4. Highlighting Effects of Current Globalization Tenets, Namely Democracy, Capitalism, and Cultural Transformation, on the Arab Islamic Middle East

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Furthermore, Hebrew and Arabic are the two official languages of the area. Moreover, Hebrew being the primary language is spoken by most Israelis, yet...Jewish community.203 At that time native ethnic Jews, otherwise know as the Hebrews , had settled the land. Fast forward through several hundred years...13. 209 Bible , Number 34, Versus 1–12. 98 which reference the area and its relevance to the birth place of Abraham’s Father.210 With this

  5. Benefits of Computer Assisted Translation to Information Managers and End-Users (L’Interet de la Traduction Assistee par Ordinateur Pour les Responsables de Centres d’Information et Pour Les Utilisateurs Finaux)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    interlinear version which groups single source language/target language units sentence by sentence, or work on two windows with suurco and target text, or...d’autres systfmes 6ventuet Lenient. 00000 BibL lographie: R~pertoire des produits et services de traitement automa~tique de La Langue fran~aise...ptrocessors and it.. Conputers thai manioulate Hebrew /EngllSh. Araslc/Engss. IR-112 ArAbId/Fronhi. and Englisn/Ciihse characters are NP. 29: DP. Oct 8

  6. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-11-15

    and English authors and portrayed our coun- try in a tendentious tone and a distorted light. I repeat- edly asked my colleagues in the developing...the country. Every day programs are broadcast on radio and TV on religious topics, and passages from the Bible and the Talmud are read. The Ministry...knowledge of the Hebrew language, activists of the "Peace Now," "There are Limits," "Enough Occupation," and the "Women Against Silence

  7. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-28

    REGIONAL AFFAIRS King Husayn’s Control Over Islamic Factions Questioned tal411182a Tel Aviv HADASHOT in Hebrew 14 Nov 90 p 2 [Text] Yesterday...kingdom. PALESTINIAN AFFAIRS Removal of Israeli Authority Said to Be Goal 91AE0018B Tel Aviv HADASHOT (Weekend Supplement) in Hebrew 7 Sep 90 p 12...holy places and become excited like a romantic virgin upon hearing the names of places from the Bible . You do not really understand this, because

  8. Multi-Block Parallel Navier-Stokes Simulation of Unsteady Wind Tunnel and Ground Interference Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-09-01

    coefficient and propulsive efficiency showed that these parameters are virtually the same for both TE conditions (cT 0 40 and η 0 21). As a conclusion...difference in the way the two codes work, they yielded virtually the same solution. This shows that, for a reasonably small time step, whether the boundary... Biblioteca Sao Jose dos Campos - SP - Brazil iab@bibl.ita.cta.br 5. Prof. Max F. Platzer Chair, Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics - Naval

  9. Race, Ethnicity, and the Bible: Pedagogical Challenges and Curricular Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byron, Gay L.

    2012-01-01

    Theological educators are now fostering dialogues, projects, and practices that are designed to acknowledge the challenges and opportunities resulting from the shifting racial and ethnic demographic climate in the U.S. and Canada. As well-intentioned as these efforts are, most of the scholarship focuses on the contemporary experiences of…

  10. Photochemical ozone budget during the BIBLE A and B campaigns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ko, Malcolm; Hu, Wenjie; Rodríguez, José M.; Kondo, Yutaka; Koike, Makoto; Kita, Kazuyuki; Kawakami, Shuji; Blake, Donald; Liu, Shaw; Ogawa, Toshihiro

    2003-02-01

    Using the measured concentrations of NO, O3, H2O, CO, CH4, and NMHCs along the flight tracks, a photochemical box model is used to calculate the concentrations of the Ox radicals, the HOx radicals, and the nitrogen species at the sampling points. The calculations make use of the measurements from radiometers to scale clear sky photolysis rates to account for cloud cover and ground albedo at the sampling time/point. The concentrations of the nitrogen species in each of the sampled air parcels are computed assuming they are in instantaneous equilibrium with the measured NO and O3. The diurnally varying species concentrations are next calculated using the box model and used to estimate the diurnally averaged production and removal rates of ozone for the sampled air parcels. Clear sky photolysis rates are used in the diurnal calculations. The campaign also provided measured concentration of NOy. The observed NO/NOy ratio is usually larger than the model calculated equilibrium value. There are several possible explanations. It could be a result of recent injection of NO into the air parcel, recent removal of HNO3 from the parcel, recent rapid transport of an air parcel from another location, or a combination of all processes. Our analyses suggest that the local production rate of O3 can be used as another indicator of recent NO injection. However, more direct studies using air trajectory analyses and other collaborative evidences are needed to ascertain the roles played by individual process.

  11. Precepts of community health and hygiene from the Holy Bible.

    PubMed

    Subhaktha, P K J P; Prasad, P V V; Narayana, A

    2007-01-01

    Every Society, in its unending process of evolution, devises its own methods of survival in ethical, medical and emotional aspects. The urge for good and healthy living, the desire for longevity of life are not only inherent but also largely evident in all the societies right from the time of its primitivity. Jews are a wonder community. Though negligible in numbers, they managed to win 17.5% of noble prizes announced so far. Besides, almost all the major inventions in the world are by Jews. This despite the years of persecution and trials the community was subjected to in the history. The pages of the human history are smeared with the blood patches of the Jews in the hands of oppressors for several centuries. Apart from the fact that theirs is the community chosen specially by God, the intellectual prowess and tenacity of the Jewish community basically stems from the discipline and dietary code they received from their leader Moses in wilderness. Jewish nation was conceived in the vision of their patriarch Abraham but in fact, born on the night they left as slaves from Egypt for good under the dynamic leadership of Moses. Mosaic code for all aspects of life has made Jews or Israelites what they are today. A modest effort is being made in this article to trace their community's health and hygiene social behavioral precepts as given by Moses.

  12. Photochemical ozone budget during the BIBLE A and B campaigns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ko, Malcolm; Hu, Wenjie; RodríGuez, José M.; Kondo, Yutaka; Koike, Makoto; Kita, Kazuyuki; Kawakami, Shuji; Blake, Donald; Liu, Shaw; Ogawa, Toshihiro

    2002-02-01

    Using the measured concentrations of NO, O3, H2O, CO, CH4, and NMHCs along the flight tracks, a photochemical box model is used to calculate the concentrations of the Ox radicals, the HOx radicals, and the nitrogen species at the sampling points. The calculations make use of the measurements from radiometers to scale clear sky photolysis rates to account for cloud cover and ground albedo at the sampling time/point. The concentrations of the nitrogen species in each of the sampled air parcels are computed assuming they are in instantaneous equilibrium with the measured NO and O3. The diurnally varying species concentrations are next calculated using the box model and used to estimate the diurnally averaged production and removal rates of ozone for the sampled air parcels. Clear sky photolysis rates are used in the diurnal calculations. The campaign also provided measured concentration of NOy. The observed NO/NOy ratio is usually larger than the model calculated equilibrium value. There are several possible explanations. It could be a result of recent injection of NO into the air parcel, recent removal of HNO3 from the parcel, recent rapid transport of an air parcel from another location, or a combination of all processes. Our analyses suggest that the local production rate of O3 can be used as another indicator of recent NO injection. However, more direct studies using air trajectory analyses and other collaborative evidences are needed to ascertain the roles played by individual process.

  13. Radical Islam’s Western Foothold: Hugo Chavez and Hezbollah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    drugs for Satan – America and the Jews. If we cannot kill them with guns we will kill them with drugs.”43 Iran has also been linked to similar...gruities. They were reported to contain a very obvious lack of basic knowledge of Islam, going so far as to post quotations from the Bible rather than the...wp/ 2009/wp09190. pdf >. Alsema, Adriaan. “Authorities Smash Drug Ring with Hezbollah Ties.” Colombia Reports. 21 Oct. 2008: Web. 3 Nov. 2009

  14. Understanding the Enemy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-17

    Palestinian state.119 Does hatred of Israel (the “Little Satan ”) fuel hatred of America (the “Great Satan ”), such that appeasing the one hatred could dispel...sole landlord in the region, based on their interpretations of their Holy Scripture, The Holy Bible , Qur’an, or Torah. Between AD 355 and AD 1699...2006, available from www.fas.org/irp/crs/IB10119. pdf . President’s Address to The Nation. Washington, D.C.: The White House: January 2007, [News

  15. Can the date of Moses' death be determined astronomically?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manetsch, T. J.; Osborn, W. H.

    2011-08-01

    There is an early Jewish tradition that the sun darkened on the day of Moses' death. The possibility of this being a reference to a solar eclipse has been investigated. If such were to be the case, identification of the eclipse could be used to derive dates for events recorded in the Bible. A likely candidate eclipse has been found that fits well with Hebrew calendar dates and timelines that are recorded in the biblical books of Deuteronomy and Joshua.

  16. Fungus Resistance of Plastics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1951-08-17

    Phenolic Phenolic Phenolic Phe-nolle Genera^.’ General General Electrical Electrical! Punching Mechanical General Electrical Fine Machin ...spores» The resulting separate suspensions were mixed to obtain a composite : spore suspension ~för"üse in inocüla ting the test specimens© 79...7 {SQKT33SI3SDJ fltttg*.8..«t.J56 FÜtfOOS BIBlSTikÄ C£ HäST’Iö LAMINATS (EüHigjiTy EXBöSTJSB; METHOD JL-.-- Ör&ie 5 - 11G

  17. Development of CMTD (Curved Multi-Tubed Device) -system III and its application to the needle-insertion for liver.

    PubMed

    Furusho, Junji; Kobayashi, Hiroshi; Kikuchi, Takehito; Yamamoto, Tatsuro; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Terayama, Motokazu; Monden, Morito

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to realize the mechanically-controllable needle-insertion system using the CMTD (Curved Multi-Tube Device) which was developed by Furusho Laboratory. A CMTD, was developed for minimally-invasive surgery and needle insertion. And we use ultrasonograph as a sensing device to detect the position of bible duct or tumor and the orientation and position of the needle which is inserted into liver. This system makes safe minimally-invasive surgery possible, because all complex mechanisms are arranged outside of the body.

  18. Graphics-based intelligent search and abstracting using Data Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaenisch, Holger M.; Handley, James W.; Case, Carl T.; Songy, Claude G.

    2002-11-01

    This paper presents an autonomous text and context-mining algorithm that converts text documents into point clouds for visual search cues. This algorithm is applied to the task of data-mining a scriptural database comprised of the Old and New Testaments from the Bible and the Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price. Results are generated which graphically show the scripture that represents the average concept of the database and the mining of the documents down to the verse level.

  19. Swimming With the Natives: Cultural Immersion and Its Applications to Naval Special Warfare

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    refer to as the “Struggle against the ‘Great Demon’ or ‘Great Satan ’”—which in turn refers to the western forces and their coalitions. The cell...the Cairo Bulletin, which is a sort of bible to them. (Wilson, 1990, p. 949) 28 As he had intended, Lawrence was able to use his cultural immersion...21, 2004, from http://www.oft.osd.mil/library/ library_files/document_377_National%20Military%20Strategy%2013%20May% 2004. pdf Johnson, C. (1982

  20. A Global Transnational Sunni Caliphate: Realistic or Utopian Vision?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    sovereignty and power, and are the completion of the Bible and Torah. The Quran is God’s divine word to man on how to conduct himself in this life in...conferences/WP886/ pdfs /WP886. pdf , (accessed on 3 April 2009). 16 Notes 49 Julia Voelker McQuaid reporting on Jakarata Caliphate conference observed...http://www.wiltonpark.org.uk/documents/conferences/WP886/ pdfs /WP886. pdf (accessed on 3 April 2009), p. 5. 50 Ibid, p. 20. 51 Ibid, p. 20. 17

  1. Developing an adequate "pneumatraumatology": understanding the spiritual impacts of traumatic injury.

    PubMed

    Bidwell, Duane R

    2002-01-01

    Psychosocial interventions and systematic theology are primary resources for chaplains and congregational pastors who care for victims of physical trauma. Yet these resources may not be adequate to address the spiritual impacts of trauma. This article proposes a preliminary "pneumatraumatology," drawing on early Christian asceticism and Buddhist mysticism to describe one way of understanding the spiritual impacts of traumatic injury. It also suggests possible responses to these impacts informed by narrative/constructionist perspectives and Breggemann's understanding of the dimensions of spiritual transformation in the Hebrew Bible.

  2. Research in Seismology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-03-01

    civilization. Chief among them is the Bible , in which we find distant echos to tectonic events as remote as 2000 B.C. No one has expressed this in greater...Bri?lavski, Y., 1938. The earthquake and the stoppage of the Jordan river in 1546 ( Hebrew ). Zion, New Ser. 3, 223-3:6. Brawer, A. J., 1928...Earthquakes in Palestine from July 1927, to August 1928 ( Hebrew ). Jew. Pal. Expl. Soc. , :ll6-325. Braile, L.W.. R.B. Smith, G.R. Keller and R.M. Welch, 1974

  3. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-08

    INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Undeclared Strategic Agendas in Gulf 91AE0085A Tel Aviv YEDI’OT AHARONOT in Hebrew 30 Oct 90 pp 7, 25 [Article by Ron Ben...faithful representative of the " bible belt" in the southern United States. It is currently difficult to know who initiated the Saudi deals. Was it the...state. JPRS-NEA-90-066 8 NOVEMBER 1990 NEAR EAST 13 ISRAEL Columnist Examines U.S. Middle East Policy 91AE0038B Tel Aviv MA’ARIV in Hebrew

  4. The beginning of human life : status of embryo. Perspectives in Halakha (Jewish Religious Law).

    PubMed

    Schenker, Joseph G

    2008-06-01

    The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression of God's revelation, teaching and guiding humanity. The oral laws interpret, expand, and elucidate the written Torah and behavior patterns regulate new rules and customs. The main parts of the oral law are as follows: the Mishnah, the Talmud, Post-Talmudic Codes and. Responsa Literature. Life is a process that has a beginning and an end. The consensus about the time when human life really begins is still not reached among scientists, philosophers, ethicists, sociologists and theologizes. The scientific data suggested that a single developmental moment marking the beginning of human life does not exist. Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process. Procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The (Halachic) Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from The Halachic sources. The Bible does not make any other direct references regarding the beginning of human life. While the Talmud gives the full status of humanness to a child at birth, the rabbinical writings have partially extended the acquisition of humanness to the 13th postnatal day of life for full-term infants. The Babylonian Talmud Yevamot 69b states that: "the embryo is considered to be mere water until the fortieth day." Afterwards, it is considered subhuman until it is born. The issues of abortion, embryo research, multifetal reduction and cloning will be discussed according to

  5. Survey of whole air data from the second airborne Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment using principal component analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Yunsoo; Elliott, Scott; Simpson, Isobel J.; Blake, Donald R.; Colman, Jonah J.; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Meinardi, Simone; Rowland, F. Sherwood; Shirai, Tomoko; Smith, Felisa A.

    2003-03-01

    Hydrocarbon and halocarbon measurements collected during the second airborne Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE-B) were subjected to a principal component analysis (PCA), to test the capability for identifying intercorrelated compounds within a large whole air data set. The BIBLE expeditions have sought to quantify and understand the products of burning, electrical discharge, and general atmospheric chemical processes during flights arrayed along the western edge of the Pacific. Principal component analysis was found to offer a compact method for identifying the major modes of composition encountered in the regional whole air data set. Transecting the continental monsoon, urban and industrial tracers (e.g., combustion byproducts, chlorinated methanes and ethanes, xylenes, and longer chain alkanes) dominated the observed variability. Pentane enhancements reflected vehicular emissions. In general, ethyl and propyl nitrate groupings indicated oxidation under nitrogen oxide (NOx) rich conditions and hence city or lightning influences. Over the tropical ocean, methyl nitrate grouped with brominated compounds and sometimes with dimethyl sulfide and methyl iodide. Biomass burning signatures were observed during flights over the Australian continent. Strong indications of wetland anaerobics (methane) or liquefied petroleum gas leakage (propane) were conspicuous by their absence. When all flights were considered together, sources attributable to human activity emerged as the most important. We suggest that factor reductions in general and PCA in particular may soon play a vital role in the analysis of regional whole air data sets, as a complement to more familiar methods.

  6. Popular perceptions of Galileo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobel, Dava

    2010-01-01

    Among the most persistent popular misperceptions of Galileo is the image of an irreligious scientist who opposed the Catholic Church and was therefore convicted of heresy-was even excommunicated, according to some accounts, and denied Christian burial. In fact, Galileo considered himself a good Catholic. He accepted the Bible as the true word of God on matters pertaining to salvation, but insisted Scripture did not teach astronomy. Emboldened by his discovery of the Medicean Moons, he took a stand on Biblical exegesis that has since become the official Church position.

  7. On a celestial occurrence recorded in the hagiography of St. Vladimir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banjević, Boris

    2002-04-01

    There were recorded a number of celestial occurrences in Serbian early history. Amongst them are a few appearances of comets. One except from Bible bearing on life of king David, relating to a phenomenon that might be interpreted as a comet, is in some way similar to the quotation from the hagiography of St. Vladimir. There is possibility that Halley's comet was observed at some time. This affects the chronology of the reign of St. Vladimir by about 11 years. This author thinks that it was in the summer 989 AD.

  8. The Ebstorf Map: tradition and contents of a medieval picture of the world

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pischke, G.

    2014-07-01

    The Ebstorf Map (Wilke, 2001; Kugler, 2007; Wolf, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009a, b), the largest medieval map of the world whose original has been lost, is not only a geographical map. In the Middle Ages, a map contained mystic, historical and religious motifs. Of central importance is Jesus Christ, who, in the Ebstorf Map, is part of the earth. The Ebstorf Map contains the knowledge of the time of its creation; it can be used for example as an atlas, as a chronicle of the world, or as an illustrated Bible.

  9. Traditional veterinary medicine in the Near East: Jews, Arab Bedouins and Fellahs.

    PubMed

    Hadani, A; Shimshony, A

    1994-06-01

    The authors review traditional veterinary medicine in the Near East region. The ancient Jewish sources--principally the Bible, the Talmud and other, more recent manuscripts--contain ample discussions of veterinary medicine and various aspects of the relations between humans and animals. These include zoonotic diseases, hygiene, intoxications, and various preventive and curative measures, as well as legislation and guidelines for the proper treatment of livestock. Arab shepherds, and particularly the Bedouins, have a long tradition of experience in the diagnosis and treatment of various ailments, predominantly using plant mixtures and fire branding.

  10. Only the bad died young in the ancient Middle East.

    PubMed

    Arnett, W S

    1985-01-01

    Biblical writers generally viewed old age as a reward for righteousness and piety. Consequently, they stressed the belief that the elderly were blessed and that they should be venerated. While life expectancy was usually below forty years, there are exceptional cases on record of individuals--men and women--living to advanced old ages. An analysis of these special few cases and a discussion of extra-Biblical texts shows that other ancient Middle Eastern societies held attitudes toward aging and the aged comparable to those expressed in the Hebrew Bible.

  11. "Sleep is not tangible" or what the Hebrew tradition has to say about sleep.

    PubMed

    Ancoli-Israel, S

    2001-01-01

    Much of what is known about sleep disorders has been uncovered in the last forty years. As scientists, we consider these discoveries to be landmarks. Yet there is a tremendous amount of information written about sleep in the Bible and its commentaries. Sleep, and even sleep disorders, are referred to in many instances and can be directly interpreted by what we know today. Our forefathers and foremothers generally viewed sleep as both pleasant and necessary and were aware that sleep was not one continuous stage. They referred to the function of sleep as being restorative. They deplored sleep deprivation, believing that it impaired life. They felt that excessive sleepiness was harmful. They understood that insomnia could be caused by stress and anxiety and by excessive alcohol, and that physical activity (exercise) and drinking milk could improve sleep. They suggested cures for insomnia, including some of the ideas included in today's sleep hygiene rules. They understood that there was a rhythm or timing to sleep. They even understood that it is easier to delay the circadian rhythm that to advance it. Although naps are not recommended, they sometimes took naps in the afternoon, but suggested just how long that nap should last-about one-half hour. And they knew that with age, although sleep is advanced, healthy elderly do not have difficulty sleeping. Although we think we have discovered many new features about sleep disorders, much of what we know today was suggested thousands of years ago and documented in the Bible and the Talmud.

  12. Lesbians, gays and religion.

    PubMed

    Newmanxy, Bernie Sue

    2002-10-01

    SUMMARY This study measured the effects of religious affiliation and gender on attitudes about lesbians and gay men among 2,846 college graduates who were beginning graduate study in social work or counseling. Males were more negative than females in their attitudes toward both lesbians and gay men. Conservative Protestants were the most negative in their attitudes toward lesbians and gay men, while those who were Atheist, Agnostic, Jewish or claimed no religion were most positive. Beliefs that the Bible forbids homosexuality are discussed and readings and arguments challenging this belief that can be used as class content are presented.

  13. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Special Operations/Low Intensity Conflict (SO/LIC) Symposium and Exhibition, "National Security Strategy in Transition" The Critical Role of Special Operations Forces (SOF) in Preparing Now for an Uncertain Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-02-19

    Satan , and persons of color are non- human "mud people." Even with this in common; though, conflict continued over doctrinal minutiae among the var...200,000 copies of "The Turner Diaries" have been sold at gun shows and movement meetings over the years. They know that it is a bible to many in the...L /4kn BIA S AB U. 20 X = REPORTED SENSOR OUTPUT M C HANDOFF = FTS FOV __X-"BIAS )2 pdf (X) = 1 e 20A 2 J2% A Figure 4: FTS FOV defined in terms of

  14. Belief in miracles and attitudes towards voluntary euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Shane

    2017-04-01

    Results of logistic regression analysis of data from the General Social Survey (N = 1,799) find that those who have a strong belief in miracles are more likely to say that a person with an incurable illness should not be allowed to accept medical treatments that painlessly hasten death than those who have a less strong belief in miracles or do not believe in miracles, net of respondents' religious affiliations, frequency of religious attendance, views of the Bible, and other sociodemographic controls. Results highlight the need to consider specific religious beliefs when predicting individuals' attitudes towards voluntary euthanasia.

  15. The beginning of human life

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Introduction The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression of God’s revelation, teaching and guiding humanity. The oral laws interpret, expand, and elucidate the written Torah and behavior patterns regulate new rules and customs. The main parts of the oral law are as follows: the Mishnah, the Talmud, Post-Talmudic Codes and. Responsa Literature. Discussion Life is a process that has a beginning and an end. The consensus about the time when human life really begins is still not reached among scientists, philosophers, ethicists, sociologists and theologizes. The scientific data suggested that a single developmental moment marking the beginning of human life does not exist. Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process. Results Procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The (Halachic) Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from The Halachic sources. The Bible does not make any other direct references regarding the beginning of human life. Conclusion While the Talmud gives the full status of humanness to a child at birth, the rabbinical writings have partially extended the acquisition of humanness to the 13th postnatal day of life for full-term infants. The Babylonian Talmud Yevamot 69b states that: “the embryo is considered to be mere water until the fortieth day.” Afterwards, it is considered subhuman until it is born. The issues of abortion, embryo research, multifetal

  16. Decentered Online Bible Instruction: How Active Learning Enhances the Study of Scripture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troftgruben, Troy M.

    2018-01-01

    The field of biblical studies lends itself well to decentered online learning--a kind that uses active learning to engage primary texts and their interpretations. Not only does such an approach work well in online and hybrid formats, it more readily welcomes readings that are more contextual, constructive, and collaborative. Three aspects best…

  17. Abortion in the United States' Bible Belt: organizing for power and empowerment.

    PubMed

    Castle, Mary Ann

    2011-01-05

    Over the last 30 years, conservative power in the United States, financed and organized by Christian fundamentalist sects, the Catholic Church, and conservative corporate and political leadership, has become more threatening and potentially destabilizing of progressive democratic principles and practices. Powerful interlocking political, financial and social forces are arrayed against women in many Southern and Western states. They are having destructive effects on women's ability to control their fertility and maintain bodily integrity and health. Poor women and women of color are disproportionately affected by restrictions on abortion services. Strategically developed interventions must be initiated and managed at every level in these localities. It is urgent to coordinate and empower individuals, multiple organizations and communities to engender effective changes in attitudes, norms, behavior and policies that will enable women to obtain reproductive health services, including abortion care. This paper describes contextual factors that continue to decimate U.S. women's right to health and, then, describes a community organizing-social action project in a number of US' states aimed at reversing the erosion of women's right to have or not to have children.

  18. Abortion in the United States' bible belt: organizing for power and empowerment

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Over the last 30 years, conservative power in the United States, financed and organized by Christian fundamentalist sects, the Catholic Church, and conservative corporate and political leadership, has become more threatening and potentially destabilizing of progressive democratic principles and practices. Powerful interlocking political, financial and social forces are arrayed against women in many Southern and Western states. They are having destructive effects on women's ability to control their fertility and maintain bodily integrity and health. Poor women and women of color are disproportionately affected by restrictions on abortion services. Strategically developed interventions must be initiated and managed at every level in these localities. It is urgent to coordinate and empower individuals, multiple organizations and communities to engender effective changes in attitudes, norms, behavior and policies that will enable women to obtain reproductive health services, including abortion care. This paper describes contextual factors that continue to decimate U.S. women's right to health and, then, describes a community organizing-social action project in a number of US' states aimed at reversing the erosion of women's right to have or not to have children. PMID:21208420

  19. 14C dates from Tel Rehov: Iron-Age chronology, pharaohs, and Hebrew kings.

    PubMed

    Bruins, Hendrik J; van der Plicht, Johannes; Mazar, Amihai

    2003-04-11

    Stratified radiocarbon dates provide an independent chronological link between archaeological layers and historical data. The invasion by Pharaoh Shoshenq I (Shishak) is a key historical synchronism, approximately 925 B.C.E., mentioned in both Egyptian inscriptions and the Hebrew Bible. The list of places raided by Shoshenq, mentioned at Karnak (Egypt), includes Rehov (Israel). The site yielded a consistent series of radiocarbon dates from the 12th to 9th century B.C.E. Our results (i) suggest a revised Iron-Age chronology; (ii) date an archaeological stratum to Shoshenq's campaign; (iii) indicate the similarity of "Solomonic" and "Omride" pottery; and (iv) provide correlation with Greece and Cyprus.

  20. Weaving a wide net.

    PubMed

    Garber, Linda

    2002-10-01

    SUMMARY Any single approach tostudents' heterosexism and homophobia, however well conceived and executed, is most successful when supported by an integrated campus approach to the problem. Taking as a model the multifaceted efforts at California State University, Fresno-a large public institution located in what can be considered the state's Bible Belt-this essay discusses the strengths and logistics of a campus-wide program to address homophobia and alleviate LGBTQ students' feelings of alienation from the institution and their oppression in society. The efforts of CSUF take place at a number of different levels-classroom, academic department, student services, faculty networking-and can be considered a successful work in progress.

  1. Understanding Spiritual Care: The Faith-Hope-Love Model of Spiritual Wellness.

    PubMed

    Christman, Sharon K; Mueller, Julia R

    Spiritual care has been associated with positive patient outcomes. Although nurses want to provide spiritual care, many have difficulty conceptualizing spiritual care outside of religion and religious activities. The Faith-Hope-Love Model of Spiritual Wellness, a theoretical model of spirituality and spiritual well-being, grounded in Christian theology and biblical text, can help nurses provide spiritual support to patients and families from multiple faith traditions or those without a faith background. Spirituality concepts are discussed, and description of how spirituality is related to finding meaning and purpose in life along with a summary of the spiritual needs identified from healthcare literature and the Bible, are provided.

  2. Science of Time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vedavyas

    A Multi-disciplinary Research into the Chronologies of Ancient Nations -- like the Vedas of India Rishies, the Chaldeans, Babylonians, Egyptians and the Chinese. Which traces how the "Measurement of Time" -- which began with the observations of sunrise and Sunset, Full-Moons, eclipses, the movement of stars and the Discovery of the Zodiac that starry pathway of sun in his annual Cycle of the 12-Zodiacal months, the Measurement of Time by planetary Cycles the Discovery of Astronomy and Symbolic or Kabalistic Astrology of the Bible's Old Testament; the Epics of Babylonians and 'Cosmic Cycles' of Chaldeans and Egyptians also the Ancient "Four Yugas" or Hindu Vedic Cycles.

  3. Refusal of blood by Jehovah's Witnesses and the patient's right to self-determination.

    PubMed

    Ariga, Tomonori

    2009-04-01

    Jehovah's Witnesses love life and do whatever is reasonable in order to prolong it. Hence, they seek quality health care and accept the vast majority of medical treatments. However, for Bible-based religious reasons, Jehovah's Witnesses do not accept allogeneic blood transfusion. Instead, they request nonblood alternatives. We will discuss medical and legal aspects concerning this position of Jehovah's Witnesses and the patient's right to self-determination. Also, the treatment for minors often becomes an issue. When a patient is a mature minor, his wishes should be respected. In the case of a minor patient lacking decision-making capacity, the wishes of the parents should be respected as much as possible.

  4. Bioethics for clinicians: 22. Jewish bioethics

    PubMed Central

    Goldsand, Gary; Rosenberg, Zahava R.S.; Gordon, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Jewish bioethics in the contemporary era emerges from the traditional practice of applying principles of Jewish law (Halacha) to ethical dilemmas. The Bible (written law) and the Talmud (oral law) are the foundational texts on which such deliberations are based. Interpretation of passages in these texts attempts to identify the duties of physicians, patients and families faced with difficult health care decisions. Although Jewish law is an integral consideration of religiously observant Jews, secularized Jewish patients often welcome the wisdom of their tradition when considering treatment options. Jewish bioethics exemplifies how an ethical system based on duties may differ from the secular rights-based model prevalent in North American society. PMID:11332319

  5. Caesarean section: an historical riddle.

    PubMed

    Majumdar, S K

    2001-01-01

    Etymologically, the word 'Caesar' originates from the Latin word 'Caedaere' meaning - 'to cut'. So cutting remains the core point, but little is known about the real origin of the history of Caesarean Section. There is evidence that, the ancient Hindus excelled in surgery and many operations were performed, including caesarean section. This operation was mentioned several times in the Mishnah of Rabbi Judah, the first large commentary on the Hebrew Bible. There are also several mythological anecdotes in Hindu, Buddhist and Greek mythologies. The myth of caesarean section did not even escape the keen eyes of William Skakespeare. The landmarks, treatises and the advancement in this operative procedure are presented in this article.

  6. The botanical activities of George Edward Post (1838-1909).

    PubMed

    Musselman, Lytton John

    2006-01-01

    George Edward Post wrote the first flora of the Middle East in English. His other botanical activities are less familiar. In addition to the flora, this paper discusses his teaching, fieldwork, contribution to Bible dictionaries, relations with the Boissier Herbarium in Geneva, establishment of the herbarium, and letters. Those letters are used here for the first time. Post corresponded with botanical luminaries of his day including Autran, Baker, Balfour, Barbey, Boissier, Bornmüller, Carruthers, Denslow, Haussknecht, Hooker, Schweinfurth, Thistleton-Dyer, Torrey, and Winkler. His long-term relationship with the herbarium at Geneva is highlighted. In addition, some of the lesser understood aspects of his life including chaplaincy during the American Civil War, and missionary to Syria are discussed.

  7. Headache classification and the Bible: Was St Paul's thorn in the flesh migraine?

    PubMed

    Göbel, H; Isler, H; Hasenfratz, H P

    1995-06-01

    The conversion of Saul to Paul was a major event in the history of Western culture. Compared with its impact, any medical comments may seem redundant, but they have kept their place in the literature for many centuries. The flashing light that caused Saul to fall is often explained as solar retinopathy or keratitis, a seizure, or even a hysterical fit. These interpretations propose either a trivial injury or disease that would interfere with mental health. Neither version is quite compatible with the dramatic dimension of the event and with Paul's later achievements and sufferings. In later years, Paul became a great manager, preacher and writer who was able to carry on under any kind of duress, though not without very painful reactions. He was suffering from bouts of unilateral headache, and also from a chronic eye condition which gave great trouble to his followers but did not cause lasting damage; the descriptions fulfil the criteria for migraine without aura of the 1988 Headache Classification. If the flashing light that caused Paul to fall down is interpreted as a visual migraine aura, with the additional symptoms of "not seeing" or photophobia and anorexia, it falls into place with his later history of migraine.

  8. Miraculous Readings: Using Fantasy Novels about Reading to Reflect on Reading the Bible

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2009-01-01

    This article reflects on the vivid images of reading presented in several popular fantasy novels, including "The Spiderwick Chronicles," "The Great Good Thing," and "The Neverending Story." It suggests that these images can be used to help children, youth, and adults reflect on the nature of reading and the potential power of reading sacred texts.…

  9. Synthesis, quantitative structure-property relationship study of novel fluorescence active 2-pyrazolines and application.

    PubMed

    Girgis, Adel S; Basta, Altaf H; El-Saied, Houssni; Mohamed, Mohamed A; Bedair, Ahmad H; Salim, Ahmad S

    2018-03-01

    A variety of fluorescence-active fluorinated pyrazolines 13-33 was synthesized in good yields through cyclocondensation reaction of propenones 1-9 with aryl hydrazines 10-12 . Some of the synthesized compounds provided promising fluorescence properties with quantum yield ( Φ ) higher than that of quinine sulfate (standard reference). Quantitative structure-property relationship studies were undertaken supporting the exhibited fluorescence properties and estimating the parameters governing properties. Five synthesized fluorescence-active pyrazolines ( 13 , 15 , 18 , 19 and 23 ) with variable Φ were selected for treating two types of paper sheets (Fabriano and Bible paper). These investigated fluorescence compounds, especially compounds 19 and 23 , provide improvements in strength properties of paper sheets. Based on the observed performance they can be used as markers in security documents.

  10. "Write a chapter and change the world". How the Boston Women's Health Book Collective transformed women's health then--and now.

    PubMed

    Heather, Stephenson; Zeldes, Kiki

    2008-10-01

    Working together informally, the core group of women who would later form the Boston Women's Health Book Collective wrote a book that would become the bible of women's health, selling more than 4 million copies. They also created an organization that would carry their mission forward. From the first newsprint edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves, which became an underground sensation, to the brand new book, Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth, released in March 2008, the group has educated women and men, critiqued the medical system, examined inequalities based on gender, race, sexual orientation, class, and other categories, and urged readers to move from individual self-help to collective action promoting social policies that support the health of women and communities.

  11. [The appreciation of the handicap in the brothers of the coast (1664-1675), according to Alexandre-Olivier Exmelin, surgeon of the privateers].

    PubMed

    Hamonet, Claude

    2007-01-01

    The reparation of corporeal damages, consequences of intentional or no intentional violence is a part of measurement of stability and progress in the human societies interested by a dignity life for the victims. Initiated by Hammourabi Code and continued by the Jews in the Bible, the reference was (now and still its) the amputed or impaired part of body (hand, arm, leg, eye...). For every part a fare in money was indicated or a rate in percentage. The Coast brothers translate in ecus or in slaves. This code indicates the originality of a society founded on violence, the robbery and murder with introduction of cooperative if not democratic modalities of functioning. The role of Bertrand d'Ogeron, governor of the Turtle Island was very beneficent.

  12. The largest Last Supper: depictions of food portions and plate size increased over the millennium.

    PubMed

    Wansink, B; Wansink, C S

    2010-05-01

    Portion sizes of foods have been noticably increasing in recent years, but when did this trend begin? If art imitates life and if food portions have been generally increasing with time, we might expect this trend to be reflected in paintings that depict food. Perhaps the most commonly painted meal has been that of Jesus Christ's Last Supper, chronicled in the New Testament of the Bible. A CAD-CAM analysis of the relative food-to-head ratio in 52 representative paintings of the Last Supper showed that the relative sizes of the main dish (entree) (r=0.52, P=0.002), bread (r=0.30, P=0.04), and plates (r=0.46, P=0.02) have linearly increased over the past millennium.

  13. A metric to search for relevant words

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Hongding; Slater, Gary W.

    2003-11-01

    We propose a new metric to evaluate and rank the relevance of words in a text. The method uses the density fluctuations of a word to compute an index that measures its degree of clustering. Highly significant words tend to form clusters, while common words are essentially uniformly spread in a text. If a word is not rare, the metric is stable when we move any individual occurrence of this word in the text. Furthermore, we prove that the metric always increases when words are moved to form larger clusters, or when several independent documents are merged. Using the Holy Bible as an example, we show that our approach reduces the significance of common words when compared to a recently proposed statistical metric.

  14. Synthesis, quantitative structure-property relationship study of novel fluorescence active 2-pyrazolines and application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Girgis, Adel S.; Basta, Altaf H.; El-Saied, Houssni; Mohamed, Mohamed A.; Bedair, Ahmad H.; Salim, Ahmad S.

    2018-03-01

    A variety of fluorescence-active fluorinated pyrazolines 13-33 was synthesized in good yields through cyclocondensation reaction of propenones 1-9 with aryl hydrazines 10-12. Some of the synthesized compounds provided promising fluorescence properties with quantum yield (Φ) higher than that of quinine sulfate (standard reference). Quantitative structure-property relationship studies were undertaken supporting the exhibited fluorescence properties and estimating the parameters governing properties. Five synthesized fluorescence-active pyrazolines (13, 15, 18, 19 and 23) with variable Φ were selected for treating two types of paper sheets (Fabriano and Bible paper). These investigated fluorescence compounds, especially compounds 19 and 23, provide improvements in strength properties of paper sheets. Based on the observed performance they can be used as markers in security documents.

  15. Integrated Field Testing of Fuel Cells and Micro-Turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Jerome R. Temchin; Stephen J. Steffel

    A technical and economic evaluation of the prospects for the deployment of distributed generation on Long Beach Island, New Jersey concluded that properly sited DG would defer upgrading of the electric power grid for 10 years. This included the deployment of fuel cells or microturbines as well as reciprocating engines. The implementation phase of this project focused on the installation of a 120 kW CHP microturbine system at the Harvey Cedars Bible Conference in Harvey Cedars, NJ. A 1.1 MW generator powered by a gas-fired reciprocating engine for additional grid support was also installed at a local substation. This reportmore » contains installation and operation issues as well as the utility perspective on DG deployment.« less

  16. “Write a Chapter and Change the World” How the Boston Women's Health Book Collective Transformed Women's Health Then—and Now

    PubMed Central

    Heather, Stephenson; Zeldes, Kiki

    2008-01-01

    Working together informally, the core group of women who would later form the Boston Women's Health Book Collective wrote a book that would become the bible of women's health, selling more than 4 million copies. They also created an organization that would carry their mission forward. From the first newsprint edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves, which became an underground sensation, to the brand new book, Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth, released in March 2008, the group has educated women and men, critiqued the medical system, examined inequalities based on gender, race, sexual orientation, class, and other categories, and urged readers to move from individual self-help to collective action promoting social policies that support the health of women and communities. PMID:18703436

  17. [Leadership strategies--the Bible as a guide to management in the health care system].

    PubMed

    Kudlacek, Stefan; Meran, Johannes G

    2006-06-01

    Management and leadership are an integral part of any organisation, to optimise procedures and increase efficiency. Aims, ideals and structures first need to be defined for tasks to be carried out successfully, particularly in difficult times. A good example for the way communities can effectively and with conviction pass on their values and standpoints from generation to generation, grow in strength and also influence their surroundings is provided by religion. This paper focuses leadership provided by charismatic personalities within the Jewish and Christian religions. Monasteries have run hospitals without governmental support ever since the Middle Ages. Leadership within today's health care system calls for a variety of strategies in the different phases of development. In times of limited resources and multifarious societies, leadership implies both a scientific as well as an ethical challenge.

  18. Visual evidence of the Sterno-Etrussia geomagnetic excursion (~2700 BP)?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raspopov, O. M.; Dergachev, V. A.; Goos'kova, E. G.; Morner, N.-A.

    2003-04-01

    In the Bible's Old Testament Book of Ezekiel there is a description of the Ezekiel's vision of "a great cloud with brightness round about it" to the north of the observation site. The event described in the Bible occurred in 593 BC, i.e., approximately 2600 years ago. Ezekiel was at that time approximately 100 km south of Babylon (latitude ~ 32 N, longitude ~ 45 E). Auroral specialists interpret the Ezekiel's vision as observation of coronal auroral displays at low latitudes. However, to support this hypothesis, it is necessary to understand the physical mechanism responsible for generation of these forms of auroras at low latitudes. Analysis of palaeo- and archaeomagnetic data, including our data on magnetic properties of sediments of the Barents and White Seas and the literature data, has shown that about 2700 BP, i.e., in Ezekiel's time, development of a geomagnetic "Sterno-Etrussia" excursion took place. The duration of the excursion during which the northern geomagnetic pole wandered to the Southern Hemisphere was no more than 200-300 years. Manifestations of this excursion were found in 16 regions of the Eurasian continent and adjacent seas and also in the North and South America. By plotting the path along which the northern geomagnetic pole wandered to the southern latitudes during this excursion on the basis of palaeomagnetic data, we have found that it wandered in the longitude sector plus or minus 30 degrees, and about 2700 BP the northern geomagnetic pole was at the longitude close to the Babylon longitude, where Ezekiel had his vision. Thus, at that time Babylon was at high geomagnetic latitudes where regular coronal auroral displays occur. Records of observation of the unusual brightness of the sky in the V-VI centuries BC can also be found in Greek chronicles. This indicates that the Ezekiel's vision was not the only observation of auroras at low latitudes during the period considered here. This work was supported by INTAS, Grant 97-31008 and PFBR

  19. Analysis of aquaporins from the euryhaline barnacle Balanus improvisus reveals differential expression in response to changes in salinity

    PubMed Central

    Järvå, Michael; Alm Rosenblad, Magnus; Pingitore, Piero; Karlsson, Emil; Wrange, Anna-Lisa; Kamdal, Emelie; Sundell, Kristina; André, Carl; Jonsson, Per R.; Havenhand, Jon; Eriksson, Leif A.; Hedfalk, Kristina; Blomberg, Anders

    2017-01-01

    Barnacles are sessile macro-invertebrates, found along rocky shores in coastal areas worldwide. The euryhaline bay barnacle Balanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) (= Amphibalanus improvisus) can tolerate a wide range of salinities, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the osmoregulatory capacity of this truly brackish species are not well understood. Aquaporins are pore-forming integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water, small solutes and ions through cellular membranes, and that have been shown to be important for osmoregulation in many organisms. The knowledge of the function of aquaporins in crustaceans is, however, limited and nothing is known about them in barnacles. We here present the repertoire of aquaporins from a thecostracan crustacean, the barnacle B. improvisus, based on genome and transcriptome sequencing. Our analyses reveal that B. improvisus contains eight genes for aquaporins. Phylogenetic analysis showed that they represented members of the classical water aquaporins (Aqp1, Aqp2), the aquaglyceroporins (Glp1, Glp2), the unorthodox aquaporin (Aqp12) and the arthropod-specific big brain aquaporin (Bib). Interestingly, we also found two big brain-like proteins (BibL1 and BibL2) constituting a new group of aquaporins not yet described in arthropods. In addition, we found that the two water-specific aquaporins were expressed as C-terminal splice variants. Heterologous expression of some of the aquaporins followed by functional characterization showed that Aqp1 transported water and Glp2 water and glycerol, agreeing with the predictions of substrate specificity based on 3D modeling and phylogeny. To investigate a possible role for the B. improvisus aquaporins in osmoregulation, mRNA expression changes in adult barnacles were analysed after long-term acclimation to different salinities. The most pronounced expression difference was seen for AQP1 with a substantial (>100-fold) decrease in the mantle tissue in low salinity (3 PSU

  20. Belief in Life After Death and Attitudes Toward Voluntary Euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Shane

    2017-01-01

    Research has documented associations among religious affiliation, religious practice, and attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia, yet very few studies have investigated how particular religious beliefs influence these attitudes. I use data from the General Social Survey (GSS; N = 19,967) to evaluate the association between the belief in life after death and attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I find that those who believe in life after death are significantly less likely than those who do not believe in life after death or those who doubt the existence of life after death to have positive attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. These associations hold even after controlling for religious affiliation, religious attendance, views of the Bible, and sociodemographic factors. The findings indicate that to understand individuals' views about voluntary euthanasia, one must pay attention to individuals' particular religious beliefs.

  1. [Miracles in dermatology? An overview of miraculous cures of skin diseases in the Catholic Church].

    PubMed

    Kuner, N

    2003-12-01

    Miracles which can be observed in different religions are often closely connected to medicine. These miraculous cures, considered to be inexplicable by medical science, have been documented in Christian religion and in occidental culture for more than 2000 years. These miraculous healings are also reported in the field of dermatology. The miraculous bulletins documented by the Catholic Church take their beginning in the Old Testament and extend to the miraculous cures of Lourdes in present time. We provide an overview of miraculous healings of skin diseases, whereby accounts documented in the Bible, reports during the Middle Ages, and cases documented throughout the last century are discussed. In view of modern medicine, most of the miraculous healings do not meet modern demands of science, but remain important as milestones in medical and religious history.

  2. Synthesis, quantitative structure–property relationship study of novel fluorescence active 2-pyrazolines and application

    PubMed Central

    Girgis, Adel S.; El-Saied, Houssni; Mohamed, Mohamed A.; Bedair, Ahmad H.; Salim, Ahmad S.

    2018-01-01

    A variety of fluorescence-active fluorinated pyrazolines 13–33 was synthesized in good yields through cyclocondensation reaction of propenones 1–9 with aryl hydrazines 10–12. Some of the synthesized compounds provided promising fluorescence properties with quantum yield (Φ) higher than that of quinine sulfate (standard reference). Quantitative structure–property relationship studies were undertaken supporting the exhibited fluorescence properties and estimating the parameters governing properties. Five synthesized fluorescence-active pyrazolines (13, 15, 18, 19 and 23) with variable Φ were selected for treating two types of paper sheets (Fabriano and Bible paper). These investigated fluorescence compounds, especially compounds 19 and 23, provide improvements in strength properties of paper sheets. Based on the observed performance they can be used as markers in security documents. PMID:29657796

  3. Non-Scientific Criteria for Belief Sustain Counter-Scientific Beliefs.

    PubMed

    Metz, S Emlen; Weisberg, Deena S; Weisberg, Michael

    2018-02-01

    Why is evolutionary theory controversial among members of the American public? We propose a novel explanation: allegiance to different criteria for belief. In one interview study, two online surveys, and one nationally representative phone poll, we found that evolutionists and creationists take different justifications for belief as legitimate. Those who accept evolution emphasize empirical evidence and scientific consensus. Creationists emphasize not only the Bible and religious authority, but also knowledge of the heart. These criteria for belief remain predictive of views about evolution even when taking into account other related factors like religion, political affiliation, and education. Each view is supported by its own internally specified criteria for what constitutes a justified belief. Changing minds may thus require changing epistemic norms. Copyright © 2018 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  4. Evolution and Christian Faith

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roughgarden, J. E.

    2006-12-01

    My recent book, Evolution and Christian Faith explores how evolutionary biology can be portrayed from the religious perspective of Christianity. The principal metaphors for evolutionary biology---differential success at breeding and random mutation, probably originate with the dawn of agriculture and clearly occur in the Bible. The central narrative of evolutionary biology can be presented using Biblical passages, providing an account of evolution that is inherently friendly to a Christian perspective. Still, evolutionary biology is far from complete, and problematic areas pertain to species in which the concept of an individual is poorly defined, and to species in which the expression of gender and sexuality depart from Darwin's sexual-selection templates. The present- day controversy in the US about teaching evolution in the schools provides an opportunity to engage the public about science education.

  5. Jehovah's Witnesses' refusal of blood: obedience to scripture and religious conscience.

    PubMed Central

    Ridley, D T

    1999-01-01

    Jehovah's Witnesses are students of the Bible. They refuse transfusions out of obedience to the scriptural directive to abstain and keep from blood. Dr Muramoto disagrees with the Witnesses' religious beliefs in this regard. Despite this basic disagreement over the meaning of Biblical texts, Muramoto flouts the religious basis for the Witnesses' position. His proposed policy change about accepting transfusions in private not only conflicts with the Witnesses' fundamental beliefs but it promotes hypocrisy. In addition, Muramoto's arguments about pressure to conform and coerced disclosure of private information misrepresent the beliefs and practices of Jehovah's Witnesses and ignore the element of individual conscience. In short, Muramoto resorts to distortion and uncorroborated assertions in his effort to portray a matter of religious faith as a matter of medical ethical debate. PMID:10635500

  6. Religious Orientation, Low Self-Control, and Deviance: Muslims, Catholics, Eastern Orthodox-, and "Bible Belt" Christians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klanjsek, Rudi; Vazsonyi, Alexander T.; Trejos-Castillo, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Using adolescent samples from four cultures, the current study tested whether effects by religiosity on deviance varied by the nature of religiosity (intrinsic versus extrinsic) and by the cultural context (Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, and the U.S.). Results indicated: a) that not every type of religiosity has a buffering effect on…

  7. Pipe, Bible, and Peyote among the Oglala Lakota. A Study in Religious Identity [Revised Edition].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinmetz, Paul B.

    Written from the perspective of a Jesuit priest who was both a missionary to the Oglala Lakota for 20 years and a scholar of the anthropology of religion, this book offers a model for understanding Oglala religious identity. It describes the history, belief systems, and contemporary ceremonies of three religious movements among the Oglala Lakota…

  8. Religious orientation, low self-control, and deviance: Muslims, Catholics, Eastern Orthodox-, and "Bible Belt" Christians.

    PubMed

    Klanjšek, Rudi; Vazsonyi, Alexander T; Trejos-Castillo, Elizabeth

    2012-06-01

    Using adolescent samples from four cultures, the current study tested whether effects by religiosity on deviance varied by the nature of religiosity (intrinsic versus extrinsic) and by the cultural context (Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, and the U.S.). Results indicated: a) that not every type of religiosity has a buffering effect on deviance - if one's religiousness is predominately instrumental (i.e. extrinsic), then its inhibiting effect is weak or does not exist; b) that the effect of intrinsic religiosity seemed more pronounced in the two surroundings that expressed the highest mean religiosity (U.S., Bosnia & Herzegovina) although results from follow-up analysis (Z-tests) largely supported a cultural invariance hypothesis. In addition, the intrinsic religiosity-deviance link was moderated by low self-control in each sample, except the Slovenian one. Finally, results indicated that low self-control only partially mediated the religiosity-deviance link. Copyright © 2011 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. To have life, and have it abundantly! Health and well-being in biblical perspective.

    PubMed

    Grundmann, Christoffer H

    2014-04-01

    Epidemiological studies researching the impact of participation in religious activities on the overall health and well-being of individuals suggest that having faith and practicing religion is good since they represent expense free, non-medical coping mechanisms accessible to everyone. Faith and religion, thus, can serve for a large number of people as potential reservoirs for cultivating well-being and maintaining health, thereby cutting health-care costs significantly. This begs the question if such pragmatic instrumentalization does do justice to faith and religion in the first place. The article investigates this question taking the Christian biblical tradition as an example by, first, identifying texts speaking of 'health' across different Bible versions (I), second, by sketching related concepts of 'health' (II) and, finally, by assessing the actual extent to which biblical tradition supports the quest for health and well-being (III).

  10. A contribution to the history of common salt.

    PubMed

    DeSanto, N G; Bisaccia, C; Cirillo, M; DeSanto, R M; DeSanto, L S; DeSanto, D; Papalia, T; Capasso, G; De Napoli, N

    1997-06-01

    Salt has influenced human nutrition, health, politics, taxation, economy, freight, transport, and commerce throughout the ages. All human activities have been influenced by salt including economy, religious beliefs and practices, art, literature, psychoanalysis, superstitions, and exorcism. Salt is recognized as a symbol for friendship, hospitality, chastity, alliance, table fellowship, fidelity, fertility, blessing, curse and endurance, etc. The Bible is the first book of salt and contains no fewer than 24 references to this substance. In the Gospels the parable of salt is a central one. Many many church fathers have written on salt a substance, which up to 1969 was a relevant element in the rite of Baptism. This paper reviews the importance of common salt for human life, and by drawing from various scientific and literary sources makes a special discussion of its various symbolisms.

  11. CD-ROM-aided Databases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keiji, Ogawa

    Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. has played a pioneering role in developing CTS (Computerized Typesetting System) for these twenty years, and has accumulated a great deal of technical know-how. The company intends to integrate accumulated information into multimedia. As for CD-ROM, it has been aggressively striven to develop, from planning to data-input and data-processing. Recently, under the guidance of Research group on molecular design, It has developed a CD-ROM system to support research and development in the field of organic chemistry. This system is constructed mainly of the data in “Organic Syntheses”, a bible among organic chemists. The outline of the structure of files, and that of indexes which is a key point in retrieval, the flow chart of the retrieval process, and editing processes, etc. are described in this paper.

  12. Age determination of the world's oldest movable metal types through measuring the "meog" using AMS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, W.; Lee, S. C.; Park, J. H.; Park, G.; Sung, K. H.; Lee, J. G.; Nam, K. H.

    2015-10-01

    The fabrication year of a set of movable metal types that were thought to be used for printing "Jeungdoga" was investigated. Since the types were made from bronze and did not contain carbon, an organic black ink called "meog" was collected from the type surfaces to quantify their ages. The meog samples were collected from 34 metal types, and 27 ages were obtained. The youngest age was 798 ± 44 yrBP, and the oldest reasonable age was 1166 ± 43 yrBP. The weighted average after eliminating ages with poor statistics was 950 ± 28 yrBP. This age is 300 years older than that of the Jikji (AD 1377), which is a Buddhist document recognized as the world's oldest document printed using metal types, and also older than that of the Gutenberg bible (AD 1450).

  13. Ancient observation of spinal cord injury: the case of the Assiryan lion.

    PubMed

    Luvizutto, Gustavo J; Siqueira, Emerson G; Hamamoto Filho, Pedro Tadao; Zétola, Viviane F; Lange, Marcos C; Theive, Hélio A; Resende, Luiz A; Bazan, Rodrigo

    2018-05-19

    The description of paraplegia is considered a milestone in the history of neurology. The Egyptians provided excellent descriptions of spinal cord injuries, the Bible has several references to paraplegia, and, more recently, the pioneers of neurology described the classic syndromes related to spinal injuries and paraplegia. Here, we describe an ancient observation by the Assyrian people of paraplegia in an animal. In ancient Assyria, lion hunting was a ritualized activity conducted for political and religious purposes. The Lion Hunt of Ashurbanipal, a series of Assyrian palace reliefs from the North Palace at Nineveh dating from approximately 645 BCE, which is now in the British Museum in London, UK, shows King Ashurbanipal hunting lions. Applying modern knowledge of mammalian dermatomes to the images, we reveal a detailed and precise observation of paraplegia following spinal cord injury. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Galileo's Religion Versus the Church's Science? Rethinking the History of Science and Religion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, D. B.

    Galileo's conflict with the Catholic Church is well recognized as a key episode in the history of physics and in the history of science and religion. This paper applies a new, historiographical approach to that specific episode. It advocates eliminating the science and religion. The Church concluded that the plainest facts of human experience agreed perfectly with an omniscient God's revealed word to proclaim the earth at rest. Supported by the Bible, Galileo, God-like, linked the elegance of mathematics to truths about nature. The Church, in effect, resisted Galileo's claim to be able to think like God, instead listening to God himself - and paying close attention to what man himself observed. We can thus see that the phrase ``Galileo's religion versus the Church's science'' is as meaningful (or meaningless) as the usual designation ``Galileo's science versus the Church's religion.''

  15. Beliefs in and About God and Attitudes Toward Voluntary Euthanasia.

    PubMed

    Sharp, Shane

    2018-06-01

    I use data from the General Social Survey to evaluate several hypotheses regarding how beliefs in and about God predict attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I find that certainty in the belief in God significantly predicts negative attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I also find that belief in a caring God and in a God that is the primary source of moral rules significantly predicts negative attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I also find that respondents' beliefs about the how close they are to God and how close they want to be with God predict negative attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. These associations hold even after controlling for religious affiliation, religious attendance, views of the Bible, and sociodemographic factors. The findings indicate that to understand individuals' attitudes about voluntary euthanasia, one must pay attention to their beliefs in and about God.

  16. Judaism, justice, and access to health care.

    PubMed

    Mackler, A L

    1991-06-01

    This paper develops the traditional Jewish understanding of justice (tzedakah) and support for the needy, especially as related to the provision of medical care. After an examination of justice in the Hebrew Bible, the values and institutions of tzedakah in Rabbinic Judaism are explored, with a focus on legal codes and enforceable obligations. A standard of societal responsibility to provide for the basic needs of all, with a special obligation to save lives, emerges. A Jewish view of justice in access to health care is developed on the basis of this general standard, as well as explicit discussion in legal sources. Society is responsible for the securing of access to all health care needed by any individual. Elucidation of this standard of need and corresponding societal obligations, and the significance of the Jewish model for the contemporary United States, are considered.

  17. [Jerusalem syndrome. Symptoms, course and cultural context].

    PubMed

    Prochwicz, Katarzyna; Sobczyk, Artur

    2011-01-01

    The Jerusalem syndrome is an acute psychotic state observed in tourists and pilgrims who visit Jerusalem. The main symptom of this disorder is identification with a character from the Bible and exhibiting behaviours which seems to be typical for this character. The article presents an overview of cultural and demographic factors associated with the appearance of the Jerusalem syndrome. Three main categories of the syndrome were identified with special focus on the category unconjoined to previous psychopathology which can be described as the 'pure' form of the Jerusalem syndrome. The main diagnostic criteria for the 'pure' type and the sequence of seven clinical stages of the Jerusalem syndrome were described. The article contains a review of the hypothesis about the causes of Jerusalem syndrome with special attention given to the role of places of particular meaning for religious tradition.

  18. Discovering the African freshwater "torpedo": legendary Ethiopia, religious controversies, and a catfish capable of reanimating dead fish.

    PubMed

    Piccolino, Marco; Finger, Stanley; Barbara, Jean-Gaël

    2011-07-01

    The electric catfishes of African rivers and lakes, once depicted on Egyptian tomb art, have been largely overlooked in histories and reviews of electric fish biology and animal electricity. This article examines how Westerners, especially Dominican and Jesuit missionaries, discovered them in Ethiopia and other parts of Africa at the beginning of the seventeenth century. What transpired took place against the backdrop of tales involving the Bible, Prester John's mythical empire, and imaginary animals with fabulous powers. In effect, how they were found is related to attempts to convert Ethiopian Christians to true Catholicism, hopes of discovering great riches, and opportunities to trade, and not with the efforts of skilled natural philosophers to document and conduct experiments on the wildlife of this continent. Nevertheless, the early descriptions by Europeans circulated, and during the next century these catfishes began to be used in experiments that helped to make animal electricity a reality.

  19. Religion, Religious Heterogeneity, and Intimate Partner Violence Among Korean Immigrant Women.

    PubMed

    Kim, Chunrye

    2018-02-01

    This study examined the role of religious affiliations and frequency of religious service attendance-such as church, Bible studies, and temples-as well as religious heterogeneity between couples on intimate partner violence (IPV) among Korean immigrant women in the United States. Through a case-control design, this study compared 64 Korean immigrant IPV victims with 63 Korean immigrant non-IPV victims. This study's findings reveal that for Korean immigrant women, a high frequency of religious service attendance was associated with higher IPV victimization, while their partners' high religious service attendance was associated with lower IPV victimization. When women's partners were religious compared with when they were not religious, they were less likely to perpetrate IPV even when the partners' alcohol consumption frequency increased. Also, when there was a gap between couples regarding frequency of religious attendance, IPV victimization increased. This discussion concludes by suggesting some policy implications based on these findings.

  20. "Hope that is seen is no hope at all:" theological constructions of hope in psychotherapy.

    PubMed

    Kinghorn, Warren

    2013-01-01

    Contemporary psychology and psychiatry have increasingly focused on hope as a human phenomenon relevant to physical and psychological well-being. Contemporary psychological research, however, often considers hope anthropocentrically and cannot speak directly of the particular cultural, religious and theological sustaining contexts of hope that, especially for persons of faith, give hope its shape and meaning. In this paper I focus on three articulations of hope within Jewish and Christian tradition-the Summa theologiae of Thomas Aquinas, the lament psalms of the Hebrew Bible, and the post-Holocaust writing of Emil Fackenheim-to argue that attention to these sustaining contexts is essential for understanding what religious traditions mean by hope. Religious traditions display insights and practices related to hope that both complement and challenge contemporary psychological approaches to hope. Close attention to these determinative traditions can therefore enrich and deepen the treatment of hope within contemporary psychotherapeutic practice.

  1. Thermodynamic constants for actinide oxides and oxyhydroxides relevant to actinide volatility calculations for thermal oxidation processes

    SciTech Connect

    Ebbinghaus, B.B.; Krikorian, O.H.

    The purpose of this report is to provide input of thermodynamic data on actinide volatilities to EERC for use in their computer code for modeling of metal volatilities in incinerators. It is also anticipated that the data may be documented later in an EPA sponsored ``Metals Bible.`` It should be noted that only upper limits for the volatility of PuO{sub 2}(s) due to PuO{sub 3}(g) and PuO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(g) and the volatility of AmO{sub 2} in PuO{sub 2}(s) due to AmO{sub 3}(g) and AmO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(g) could be set. The data on the americium vapor species are intended for calculationsmore » where AmO{sub 2} is present as a solid solution in PuO{sub 2}(s).« less

  2. Is compassion essential to nursing practice?

    PubMed

    Hem, Marit Helene; Heggen, Kristin

    2004-01-01

    The Norwegian Nurses' Association recently (2001) approved a new code of ethics that included compassion as one of the basic values in nursing care. This paper examines the idea of compassion in the context of the Bible story of the Good Samaritan using an analysis of qualitative data from nurses' clinical work with psychiatric patients. The aim is to show how the idea of compassion challenges nursing practice. Thereafter, the paper discusses the benefits of and premises for compassion in care work. The results show that nurses tend not to be guided by compassion in their work with patients. The organisation of the day-to-day work in the hospital ward, the division of labour between nurses and doctors, and the nurses' approach to nursing were identified as influencing this tendency. The study shows that compassion is a radical concept with a potential to promote greater respect for patients' dignity.

  3. Social Involvement in Religious Institutions and God-Mediated Control Beliefs: A Longitudinal Investigation.

    PubMed

    Krause, Neal M

    2007-12-07

    This study examines the relationships among race, education, formal as well as informal involvement in the church, and God-mediated control. Formal involvement in the church was assessed by the frequency of attendance at worship services, Bible study groups, and prayer groups. Informal involvement was measured with an index of spiritual support provided by fellow church members. Data from a nationwide longitudinal survey of older people suggest that both formal and informal church involvement tend to sustain feelings of God-mediated control over time. The findings further reveal that compared to older whites, older African Americans are more likely to have stronger feelings of God-mediated control at the baseline survey and older blacks are more likely to sustain their sense of God-mediated control over time. In contrast, the data suggest that education is not significantly related to feelings of God-mediated control.

  4. The blood transfusion taboo of Jehovah's Witnesses: origin, development and function of a controversial doctrine.

    PubMed

    Singelenberg, R

    1990-01-01

    Jehovah's Witnesses are not allowed to accept a blood transfusion. According to the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society this therapy is a transgression of divine precepts. Additionally, in the judgement of the believers, secular proof is abundant these days; to them AIDS is a powerful justification to abstain from blood. Founded on the work of the anthropologist Mary Douglas, it is argued that the rejection of this medical therapy is based on perceptions of pollution and purity inherent in the Watch Tower Society's ideological concept of anti-worldliness. Rooted in the movement's pre-war opposition to vaccination the implementation of the taboo was triggered by the prevailing social-political climate surrounding the Society during the Second World War, resulting in this intriguing and controversial religious proscription. For the community of Jehovah's Witnesses the blood transfusion taboo still functions as a significant mechanism of sectarian boundary maintenance.

  5. Stories from History, Myth, and the Bible. Snite Museum of Art Gallery Guide. Parts 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthias, Diana C. J.; Barrett, Jesse

    This art education resource, designed for use in the Snite Museum of Art, may also be used with slides or reproductions. Black and white reproductions are included for each of the art works represented, along with title, artist, date, and media information. This three part gallery guide presents a brief synopsis of the stories narrated in the…

  6. Engaging the Bible in GCSE and A Level Religious Studies: Environmental Stewardship as a Test Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horrell, David G.; Davis, Anna

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the potential for critical and informed engagement with biblical texts to form a key element of the study of Christian perspectives on ethical issues at GCSE and A level. Given the current dominance of philosophical and ethical topics, and weaknesses in the engagement with biblical texts within existing curriculum materials,…

  7. How culture shapes community: bible belief, theological unity, and a sense of belonging in religious congregations.

    PubMed

    Stroope, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    Feeling that you belong in a group is an important and powerful need. The ability to foster a sense of belonging can also determine whether groups survive. Organizational features of groups cultivate feelings of belonging, yet prior research fails to investigate the idea that belief systems also play a major role. Using multilevel data, this study finds that church members' traditional beliefs, group-level belief unity, and their interaction associate positively with members' sense of belonging. In fact, belief unity can be thought of as a “sacred canopy” under which the relationship between traditional beliefs and feelings of belonging thrives.

  8. Unbuckling the Bible Belt: A State-Level Analysis of Religious Factors and Google Searches for Porn.

    PubMed

    Whitehead, Andrew L; Perry, Samuel L

    2018-01-01

    While the link between individual religious characteristics and pornography consumption is well established, relatively little research has considered how the wider religious context may influence pornography use. Exceptions in the literature to date have relied on relatively broad, subjective measures of religious commitment, largely ignoring issues of religious belonging, belief, or practice. This study moves the conversation forward by examining how a variety of state-level religious factors predict Google searches for the term porn, net of relevant sociodemog raphic and ideological controls. Our multivariate findings indicate that higher percentages of Evangelical Protestants, theists, and biblical literalists in a state predict higher frequencies of searching for porn, as do higher church attendance rates. Conversely, higher percentages of religiously unaffiliated persons in a state predict lower frequencies of searching for porn. Higher percentages of total religious adherents, Catholics, or mainline Protestants in a state are unrelated to searching for porn with controls in place. Contrary to recent research, our analyses also show that higher percentages of political conservatives in a state predicted lower frequencies of porn searches. Our findings support theories that more salient, traditional religious influences in a state may influence residents-whether religious or not-toward more covert sexual experiences.

  9. Animal welfare in different human cultures, traditions and religious faiths.

    PubMed

    Szűcs, E; Geers, R; Jezierski, T; Sossidou, E N; Broom, D M

    2012-11-01

    Animal welfare has become a growing concern affecting acceptability of agricultural systems in many countries around the world. An earlier Judeo-Christian interpretation of the Bible (1982) that dominion over animals meant that any degree of exploitation was acceptable has changed for most people to mean that each person has responsibility for animal welfare. This view was evident in some ancient Greek writings and has parallels in Islamic teaching. A minority view of Christians, which is a widespread view of Jains, Buddhists and many Hindus, is that animals should not be used by humans as food or for other purposes. The commonest philosophical positions now, concerning how animals should be treated, are a blend of deontological and utilitarian approaches. Most people think that extremes of poor welfare in animals are unacceptable and that those who keep animals should strive for good welfare. Hence animal welfare science, which allows the evaluation of welfare, has developed rapidly.

  10. A review of Heinrich Obersteiner's 1888 textbook on the central nervous system by the neurologist Sigmund Freud.

    PubMed

    Hatzigiannakoglou, Paul D; Triarhou, Lazaros C

    2011-06-01

    In 1888, the Austrian neuroanatomist Heinrich Obersteiner, founder of Vienna's Neurological Institute, published his "Introduction to the Study of the Structure of the Central Nervous Organs in Health and Disease", a fundamental textbook in which he summarised the state-of-the-art knowledge available then on the normal and pathological anatomy of the human nervous system, incorporating many of his original research findings. The book became "the Bible for generations of budding neurologists" worldwide and was crucial for the eventual development of neurology as an independent medical discipline. In his early career as a neuroanatomist, Sigmund Freud wrote a review of Obersteiner's book for the Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. That review was not included in the "Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works". The present article provides an English translation of Freud's review and further discusses its historical context, especially regarding the influence of Theodor Meynert on his two illustrious students, Freud and Obersteiner.

  11. Learning for sustainability among faith-based organizations in Kenya.

    PubMed

    Moyer, Joanne M; Sinclair, A John; Diduck, Alan P

    2014-08-01

    The complex and unpredictable contexts in which environmental and development work take place require an adaptable, learning approach. Faith-based organizations (FBOs) play a significant role in sustainability work around the world, and provide a unique setting in which to study learning. This paper explores individual learning for sustainability within two FBOs engaged in sustainability work in Kenya. Learning outcomes covered a broad range of areas, including the sustainability framework, environment/conservation, skills, community work, interpersonal engagement, and personal and faith development. These outcomes were acquired through embodied experience and activity, facilitation by the workplace, interpersonal interaction, personal reflection, and Bible study and worship. Grounded categories were compared to learning domains and processes described by Mezirow's transformative learning theory. The findings indicate that for learning in the sustainability field, instrumental learning and embodied learning processes are particularly important, and consequently they require greater attention in the theory when applied in this field.

  12. The Alphabet and the Sky

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebeuf, A.

    2011-06-01

    Since the beginning of the 17th century the letters of the Greek alphabet are used to identify the stars of constellation by order of magnitude. This was simply a practical means of astronomical classification. In several instances the Bible uses such metaphors as "The sky rolled up like a scroll". The idea of associating letters of different alphabets with stars, constellations and the sky in general can be found to day in the marginal subculture. The persistence of such an association of writing with astronomy or cosmology is at least of interest for cultural reasons, but the problem might be of good interest as well for the history of astronomy and cosmology. I present here two examples of this tradition in works of art. The first a painted representation of the Revelation of Saint John in the Orthodox church tradition, and the other in the construction of the late bronze age sacred well at Santa Cristina in Sardinia, Italy.

  13. A linguist's angle on the Star of Bethlehem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coates, Richard

    2008-10-01

    There is no shortage of suggestions for the astronomical events that may have given rise to the Bible's descriptions of the Star of Bethlehem. In this account, I consider the question from a linguist's point of view, focusing on the language used to describe phenomena in the sky around 2000 years ago. What would an astrologer have meant by ``we have seen his star in the East''? And what events might have been both visible in the conditions described, and considered of significance? Scholars working in this area cluster in groups: the comet group, the planetary group, the supernova group, and so on. None has yet succeeded in delivering a fatal blow to the others' accounts. I may be in a group of one for the time being: the astrological group. I present here a type of argument that may reconcile astronomical events, astrological learning of 2000 years ago and biblical accounts.

  14. Learning for Sustainability Among Faith-Based Organizations in Kenya

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moyer, Joanne M.; Sinclair, A. John; Diduck, Alan P.

    2014-08-01

    The complex and unpredictable contexts in which environmental and development work take place require an adaptable, learning approach. Faith-based organizations (FBOs) play a significant role in sustainability work around the world, and provide a unique setting in which to study learning. This paper explores individual learning for sustainability within two FBOs engaged in sustainability work in Kenya. Learning outcomes covered a broad range of areas, including the sustainability framework, environment/conservation, skills, community work, interpersonal engagement, and personal and faith development. These outcomes were acquired through embodied experience and activity, facilitation by the workplace, interpersonal interaction, personal reflection, and Bible study and worship. Grounded categories were compared to learning domains and processes described by Mezirow's transformative learning theory. The findings indicate that for learning in the sustainability field, instrumental learning and embodied learning processes are particularly important, and consequently they require greater attention in the theory when applied in this field.

  15. Recent Developments in Young-Earth Creationist Geology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heaton, Timothy H.

    2009-10-01

    Young-earth creationism has undergone a shift in emphasis toward building of historical models that incorporate Biblical and scientific evidence and the acceptance of scientific conclusions that were formerly rejected. The RATE Group admitted that massive amounts of radioactive decay occurred during earth history but proposed a period of accelerated decay during Noah’s Flood to fit the resulting history into a young-earth timeframe. Finding a mechanism for the acceleration and dealing with the excessive heat and radiation it would generate posed major problems for the project. Catastrophic plate tectonics was proposed to explain continental movements in a short timeframe and serve as a trigger for Noah’s Flood, but other creationists rejected the idea citing hopeless chronological problems. Creationists have also sought to explain the order of the fossil record and the Ice Age in a young-earth timeframe. An examination of these efforts demonstrates the anti-scientific nature of using the Bible as a non-negotiable framework for earth history.

  16. Animal Welfare in Different Human Cultures, Traditions and Religious Faiths

    PubMed Central

    Szűcs, E.; Geers, R.; Jezierski, T.; Sossidou, E. N.; Broom, D. M.

    2012-01-01

    Animal welfare has become a growing concern affecting acceptability of agricultural systems in many countries around the world. An earlier Judeo-Christian interpretation of the Bible (1982) that dominion over animals meant that any degree of exploitation was acceptable has changed for most people to mean that each person has responsibility for animal welfare. This view was evident in some ancient Greek writings and has parallels in Islamic teaching. A minority view of Christians, which is a widespread view of Jains, Buddhists and many Hindus, is that animals should not be used by humans as food or for other purposes. The commonest philosophical positions now, concerning how animals should be treated, are a blend of deontological and utilitarian approaches. Most people think that extremes of poor welfare in animals are unacceptable and that those who keep animals should strive for good welfare. Hence animal welfare science, which allows the evaluation of welfare, has developed rapidly. PMID:25049508

  17. Spare the rod and spoil the child. Is this a sensible justification for the use of punishment in child rearing?

    PubMed

    Carey, T A

    1994-12-01

    This paper examines the validity of the well-used proverb Spare the rod and spoil the child. To do this, the original form of the proverb from the Bible is compared with the modern form, and some significant differences are highlighted. The definition of punishment is considered, and the differences between punishment and corporal punishment are examined. Punishment is explored in some detail with attention given to the criteria that need to be satisfied in order for punishment to be effective. Discrepancies in the literature concerning these criteria are pointed out, making punishment a complex issue. The negative effects of punishment are significant with links to social problems such as teenage delinquency and violence. Reference is made to cultures where corporal punishment has been banned and the effects of this action. Given the problems associated with punishment programs, especially those being used in families, alternatives to punishment are discussed. Finally, an alternative form of the proverb to the current adaptation is offered.

  18. The role of religion and spirituality in coping with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study among Black men.

    PubMed

    Namageyo-Funa, Apophia; Muilenburg, Jessica; Wilson, Mark

    2015-02-01

    Religion and spirituality are instrumental to coping with health; however, there is limited literature on the use of religion and spirituality among Black men with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study is to explore how Black men use religion or spirituality to cope with diabetes management. We conducted in-depth interviews with 30 Black men recruited from a diabetes clinic in Atlanta, Georgia as part of a larger study. This article reports on data from 12 of the 30 Black men who reported the use of religion and spirituality as a coping strategy for diabetes management. The following coping strategies were reported: prayer and belief in God, keeping me alive, turning things over to God, changing my unhealthy behaviors, supplying my needs, reading the Bible, and religious or spiritual individuals helping me. Healthcare professionals and researchers involved in diabetes management among Black men should consider these findings in their efforts.

  19. Accidents and acts of God: a history of the terms.

    PubMed Central

    Loimer, H; Guarnieri, M

    1996-01-01

    Despite criticism from safety professionals, scientists continue to use the word accident, meaning an unexpected, unintended injury, or event. Some argue for its use based on tradition, but "traditional" arguments appear to be invalid given our examination of the history of the word and its companion phrase act of God in statistics, law, and religion. People who were interested in public health recognized in the 1600s that unintended injuries were neither random nor unexpected. Legal scholars in the 1800s saw the word was useless for technical purposes. The word does not appear in the Bible until the mid 1900s and then only in a para-phrased edition. Others have maintained that the meaning of accident is well understood, even though it has not been perfectly defined. We maintain that without a clear definition, people substitute an image, which may be distorted or damaging. Images p102-a p104-a p105-a PMID:8561226

  20. Modeling the cross-sectional relationships between religion, physical health, social support, and depressive symptoms.

    PubMed

    Koenig, H G; Hays, J C; George, L K; Blazer, D G; Larson, D B; Landerman, L R

    1997-01-01

    The authors examined models of the relationships between religious activities, physical health, social support, and depressive symptoms in a sample of 4,000 persons age 65 and over. Religious activity was examined first as a single composite construct and then split into three component variables that were examined individually. Religious activity as a single construct was correlated with both social support and good physical health but was unrelated to depression. Split into the three components, model fit was significantly increased. Frequency of church attendance was positively related to physical health and negatively related to depression, but was surprisingly unrelated to social support. Frequent churchgoers were about half as likely to be depressed. Private prayer/Bible reading was negatively correlated with physical health and positively correlated with social support, but unrelated to depression. Religious TV/radio listening was unrelated to social support, negatively related to good physical health, and, unexpectedly, positively associated with depression.

  1. Aging, health, and the "electronic church".

    PubMed

    Hays, J C; Landerman, L R; Blazer, D G; Koenig, H G; Carroll, J W; Musick, M A

    1998-11-01

    We tested whether elders substitute religious media use for church attendance when health declines (using multidimensional disengagement theory) with data from a multiracial, population-based sample in the Bible Belt (N = 2,971). In adjusted models, 3-year declines in functional status were significantly associated with concurrent reduction in frequency of church attendance but not with any change in rates of religious media (TV/radio) use. Age-related declines in church attendance were substantively explained by declining functional ability. Changes in religious media use were independent of age and less sensitive to declining functional status or service attendance than to cultural heritage such as race, socioeconomic status, and rural upbringing. Our data do not support the hypothesis that elders with deteriorating health substitute increased engagement with religious media as their participation in organizational religious activities is reduced. However, applicability of the substitution hypothesis to other dimensions of nonorganizational religiousness (e.g., prayer) awaits similar scrutiny.

  2. The Doubting Process: A Longitudinal Study of the Precipitants and Consequences of Religious Doubt.

    PubMed

    Krause, Neal; Ellison, Christopher G

    2009-06-01

    Religious doubt arises from a process in which there is a precipitant, the experience of doubt, a coping response, and a health-related outcome. We explore this process by assessing whether social factors precipitate doubt and the coping responses that are invoked to deal with it. Moreover, we evaluate whether these coping responses are, in turn, associated with health. The data reveal that, over time, people who encounter more negative interaction with fellow congregants have more doubts about religion, whereas more spiritual support and greater involvement in prayer groups are associated with less religious doubt. The findings further indicate that people who encounter more negative interaction are more likely to suppress religious doubts, but people who attend Bible study groups are more likely to seek spiritual growth when faced with doubt. Finally, the results suggest that suppressing religious doubt is associated with less favorable health, whereas seeking spiritual growth does not have a significant effect.

  3. Religion and remission of depression in medical inpatients with heart failure/pulmonary disease.

    PubMed

    Koenig, Harold G

    2007-05-01

    The impact of religious involvement on time to remission of depression was examined in older medical inpatients with heart failure and/or chronic pulmonary disease (CHF/CPD). Inpatients older than 50 years with CHF/CPD were systematically diagnosed with depressive disorder using a structured psychiatric interview. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine the effects of religious involvement on time to remission, controlling for covariates. Of 1000 depressed patients identified at baseline, follow-up data on depression course were obtained on 87%. Patients involved in group-related religious activities experienced a shorter time to remission. Although numerous religious measures were unrelated by themselves to depression outcome, the combination of frequent religious attendance, prayer, Bible study, and high intrinsic religiosity, predicted a 53% increase in speed of remission (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.20-1.94, p = 0.0005, n = 839) after controls. Patients highly religious by multiple indicators, particularly those involved in community religious activities, remit faster from depression.

  4. Anonymous pastoral care for problems pertaining to sexuality.

    PubMed

    van Drie, A; Ganzevoort, R R; Spiering, M

    2014-12-01

    Anonymous pastoral care is one of the options for help in problems pertaining to sexuality. This paper explores the topics they seek help for, the religious aspects involved, and the relation between the normativity of their church tradition on the one hand and sexual and spiritual health criteria on the other. We analyzed helpseeking questions of two protestant Christian organizations in the Netherlands providing anonymous pastoral care: Refoweb and EO-Nazorg. Sexual themes were addressed in 19 and 2.3 % of the submitted questions, respectively. Of the helpseekers, 56 % is female, 15 % male, and 29 % unknown. Questions and problems for which people seek anonymous pastoral care focus primarily on premarital abstinence, gender roles, contraception, sexual orientation and masturbation. The authority of the Bible seems to be important for questioners, especially when dealing with ethical questions. Different relations between the normativity of the church tradition and sexual and spiritual health are discussed.

  5. The implications of the discovery of extra-terrestrial life for religion.

    PubMed

    Peters, Ted

    2011-02-13

    This paper asks about the future of religion: (i) Will confirmation of extra-terrestrial intelligence (ETI) cause terrestrial religion to collapse? 'No' is the answer based upon a summary of the 'Peters ETI Religious Crisis Survey'. Then the paper examines four specific challenges to traditional doctrinal belief likely to be raised at the detection of ETI: (ii) What is the scope of God's creation? (iii) What can we expect regarding the moral character of ETI? (iv) Is one earthly incarnation in Jesus Christ enough for the entire cosmos, or should we expect multiple incarnations on multiple planets? (v) Will contact with more advanced ETI diminish human dignity? More than probable contact with extra-terrestrial intelligence will expand the Bible's vision so that all of creation--including the 13.7 billion year history of the universe replete with all of God's creatures--will be seen as the gift of a loving and gracious God.

  6. Hitler's bible: an analysis of the relationship between American and German eugenics in pre-war Nazi Germany.

    PubMed

    Brown, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Throughout the last century the wellbeing of those with disability has been threatened by the idea of eugenics. The most notable and extreme example of this could be considered to have been carried out during World WarTwo, within Nazi eugenic programmes. These resulted in the sterilisation and killing of hundreds of thousands of disabled people. Through research of a wide range of sources it has been established that much of the inspiration and encouragement for this rapidly progressing movement in Germany initially came from America, most notably from California. American eugenicists expressed interest, and at times jealousy, at the speed of the progression in German eugenics. German Sterilisation laws were drafted following careful study of American experiments and research, while financial support from a number of American individuals encouraged further German research. Correspondence between influential leaders, including Hitler, Grant and Whitney, Verschuer and Popenoe, on both sides also added to the developing relationship. In conclusion, although there are a number of vital differences between the progress of the eugenics programme in America and in pre-war Nazi Germany, and eugenics in America never produced the massive genocide that occurred in Germany, it is clear that the research, encouragement and enthusiasm from America had a profound influence on the rapidly growing Nazi eugenics movement.

  7. A simple model to quantitatively account for periodic outbreaks of the measles in the Dutch Bible Belt

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bier, Martin; Brak, Bastiaan

    2015-04-01

    In the Netherlands there has been nationwide vaccination against the measles since 1976. However, in small clustered communities of orthodox Protestants there is widespread refusal of the vaccine. After 1976, three large outbreaks with about 3000 reported cases of the measles have occurred among these orthodox Protestants. The outbreaks appear to occur about every twelve years. We show how a simple Kermack-McKendrick-like model can quantitatively account for the periodic outbreaks. Approximate analytic formulae to connect the period, size, and outbreak duration are derived. With an enhanced model we take the latency period in account. We also expand the model to follow how different age groups are affected. Like other researchers using other methods, we conclude that large scale underreporting of the disease must occur.

  8. In Vitro Screening of Tumoricidal Properties of International Medicinal Herbs: Part II

    PubMed Central

    Mazzio, Elizabeth A.; Soliman, Karam F. A.

    2010-01-01

    With growing use of anticancer complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) worldwide, there is a need to assess and screen commercially available natural products for relative tumoricidal properties under standard experimental conditions. In the current study, we screened and ranked 264 traditional Chinese and Egyptian herbal medicines for tumoricidal potency against malignant neuroblastoma in vitro. The data obtained show that tumoricidal potencies of plants were randomly dispersed throughout similar orders, families and genera under the Division: Magnoliophyta, class: Magnoliopsida, subclasses: Asteridae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Hamamelididae, Magnoliidae and Rosidae. The most potent plant extracts (LC50 < 0.08 mg/ml) were prepared from gromwell root also known as ‘Hong Tiao Zi Cao’ (Lithospermum Erythrorhizon) Family (Boraginaceae) > beth root (Trillium Pendulum), Family (Liliaceae) and galbanum (Ferula Galbaniflua), Family (Apiaceae). Gromwell root is traditionally used in the preparation of Chinese medicinal tea. In addition, galbanum was highly regarded for its sacred and medicinal value according to ancient texts and the bible. Future research will be required to isolate and identify chemical constituents within these plants which are responsible for tumoricidal effects. PMID:20564497

  9. White goddess--the unspeakable name. An inquiry into Robert Graves' King Jesus.

    PubMed

    Nakano, N

    1984-03-01

    Robert Graves is a poet-mythographer, well-known in the U. K. and the U. S. A., but not in Japan despite his huge amount of poetic, mythographical, prose and critical works. Furthermore, even in the U. S. A. and the U. K., some people have been shunning him politely as a versatile iconoclast possessed of the White Goddess. In fact, it is not difficult to imagine that when King Jesus, a life story of Christ, was published, people were shocked at his extraordinary mythographical Christology derived from his enthusiasm towards the White Goddess Cult. In Christ he discovered the fragments of maternal doctrine as a new concept in opposition to the Apollonian theory of Judaism, but they seemed to be quite incomplete in the author's eyes lacking in something most essential in life, recognition of love and hatred discipline. This paper is an inquiry into how the author developed his own hermaneutics of Christ through his wide and thorough scholarship on mythology, history, the Bible and Celtic poetry.

  10. The Benford law behavior of the religious activity data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mir, T. A.

    2014-08-01

    An important aspect of religious association is that adherents, as part of their religious duty, carry out various activities. One religious group known for keeping the elaborate records of day-to-day activities of its members is the Jehovah's Witnesses (JWs)-a worldwide Christian religious group. We analyse the historical records of the country-wide data associated with twelve different religious activities of JWs to see if there are any patterns in the distribution of the first digits as predicted by Benford's law. This law states that the first digits of numbers in data sets are not uniformly distributed but often, not always, follow a logarithmic distribution such that the numbers beginning with smaller digits appear more frequently than those with larger ones. We find that the data on religious activities like peak publishers, pioneer publishers, baptizations, public meetings, congregations, bible studies, time spent in door-to-door contacts, attendances at the memorial services, total literature and individual magazines distributed, new subscriptions and back-calls received excellently conforms to Benford's law.

  11. Human heart by art.

    PubMed

    Tamir, Abraham

    2012-11-01

    Heart is of great importance in maintaining the life of the body. Enough to stop working for a few minutes to cause death, and hence the great importance in physiology, medicine, and research. This fact was already emphasized in the Bible in the Book of Proverbs, chapter 4 verse 23: "Keep your heart with all diligence, for out of it is the wellspring of life." Art was able to demonstrate the heart from various aspects; realistically, as done by Leonardo de Vinci who demonstrated the halves of the heart and its blood vessels. Symbolically, as a source of life, the heart was demonstrated by the artist Mrs. Erlondeiel, as a caricature by Salvador Dali, as an open heart by Sawaya, etc. Finally, it should be emphasized that different demonstrations of the human heart by many artworks make this most important organ of our body (that cannot be seen from outside) more familiar and clearer to us. And this is the purpose of this article-to demonstrate the heart through a large number of artworks of different kinds.

  12. [Ten scenarios on the future of world population].

    PubMed

    Niyibizi, S

    1990-04-01

    This work presents 10 hypotheses concerning possible catastrophes that might befall the world's population in the future. The perspective is pessimistic, but in most cases the hypotheses represent possibilities only. The 1st hypothesis is that demographic imbalances resulting from the excess of births over deaths will result in a total world population too large to be sustained by the earth's finite resources. A return of the great epidemic diseases of the past or the global warming that is already threatening are 2 other possible fates, along with cooling of the atmosphere and reglaciation. Atomic, bacteriologic, and chemical warfare represents a different sort of possibility. A collision of planets or of the numerous manmade satellites now circling the earth might have disastrous consequences, as might earthquakes or floods. The end of the world is foreseen in the Bible, although details are sparse. Finally, AIDS is viewed by many as divine punishment for the perversions of the human population and by others as a viral disease capable of decimating the world's population and returning once thriving areas to an uninhabited state.

  13. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Rosenstock, Eva

    2014-01-01

    A discrepancy of word choice can be noted in the account of Jacob's wrestling at the river Jabbok (Gen. 32, 23-33) if we compare the Hebrew version on one hand and the Greek and Latin versions on the other. The lesion that incurred Jacob a permanent limp and constitutes the dietary ban on the sciatic nerve is described as a luxation or strain (see symbol) of the hip joint (see symbol) in the Hebrew bible, whereas Septuagint, Vetus Latina and Vulgata use (see symbol) and emarceo or obstipesco as well as (see symbol) and latitudinem faemoris. They thus suggest hints of a painful sensory deficit felt on the outside of the thigh and a paralysis. In a synopsis of knowledge of sciatica in antiquity and modern knowledge on nerve root irritation and compression syndromes, it can be argued that the originators of the Septuagint and subsequent Greek and Latin translators and authors supported their translations with a diagnosis that we today would call an L5-syndrome with sciatica, sensory deficit, weak foot dorsiflexion and Trendelenburg gait.

  14. The image of the insane in ancient Jewish lore.

    PubMed

    Kottek, S S

    1992-01-01

    This article considers the attitude towards the insane and insanity in ancient Jewish sources. In the Bible, the most famous case of a psychopathological personality is that of King Saul, who was plagued by 'an evil spirit'. Saul also raises the problematic connections between prophecy and frenzy. Madness and confusion of mind are mentioned among the biblical 'curses for disobedience'. In the Talmud, there is a detailed symptomatic evaluation of insanity, in the context of legal liability. It is well-known that some individuals are at times insane, otherwise sane and responsible, which is legally taken into careful consideration. The Jewish historian Josephus describes in his works several cases of psychiatric patients. The most impressive case is that of Jesus ben Ananias, a delirious maniac who announced the fall of Jerusalem while roaming about the streets of the city. It may be argued that no clear attitude of derision or ostracism towards insane patients can be found in ancient Jewish literature. 'The Lord preserves the fools' (Ps 116: 6).

  15. Free will and determinism in first Isaiah: secular hermeneutics, the poetics of contingency, and Emile Durkheim's Homo duplex.

    PubMed

    Berlinerblau, Jacques

    2003-01-01

    Are human beings the sovereign authors of their own thoughts and actions? Or are thought and action determined by external forces beyond their comprehension and control? For the biblical document known to exegetes as First Isaiah (chapters 1-39 of the Book of Isaiah) the answer to both queries seems to be yes. In this article various solutions are advanced to explain why this text equivocates on the question of free will and determinism. One possibility is that the document's collective, transhistorical composition may have scrambled its once coherent message beyond all recognition. Following Emile Durkheim's discussions of homo duplex, it will also be suggested that First Isaiah's confusion may be a manifestation of a deeper contradiction inherent to human consciousness-one that thus recurs across sociological time and space. Both solutions are united by their rejection of traditional theological approaches that have been brought to bear on First Isaiah and the Hebrew Bible in general. It is the movement away from such apologetic exegesis that characterizes the inchoate interpretive orientation that I call "secular hermeneutics."

  16. History of evolution of the concept of medical ethics.

    PubMed

    Majumdar, Sisir K

    2003-01-01

    "Time present and time past are both perhaps present in time future and time future contained in time past".--Thomas Steams Eliot (1888-1965), Noble Literature Laureate, 1948. History and evolution of the concept of Medical Ethics is the classical example of this poetic expression. Virtually, every human society has some forces of myth to explain the origin of morality. Indian ethics was philosophical from its very birth. In the Vedas (1500 B.C.), ethics was an integral aspect of philosophical and religious speculation about the nature of reality. The Vedas says how people ought to live and is the oldest philosophical literature in the world. It was the first account of philosophical ethics in human history. The old Testament of (c. 200 B.C.) the Hebrew Bible (Greek--ta biblia--"the books") gives account of God giving the Ten Commandments--the oral and written Law engraved on tablets of Stone to Moses around 13th century B.C. on Mount Sinai (Arabic--Gebel Musa) the Mountain near the tip of the Sinai Peninsula in West Asia.

  17. Radiometric dating of the Siloam Tunnel, Jerusalem.

    PubMed

    Frumkin, Amos; Shimron, Aryeh; Rosenbaum, Jeff

    2003-09-11

    The historical credibility of texts from the Bible is often debated when compared with Iron Age archaeological finds (refs. 1, 2 and references therein). Modern scientific methods may, in principle, be used to independently date structures that seem to be mentioned in the biblical text, to evaluate its historical authenticity. In reality, however, this approach is extremely difficult because of poor archaeological preservation, uncertainty in identification, scarcity of datable materials, and restricted scientific access into well-identified worship sites. Because of these problems, no well-identified Biblical structure has been radiometrically dated until now. Here we report radiocarbon and U-Th dating of the Siloam Tunnel, proving its Iron Age II date; we conclude that the Biblical text presents an accurate historic record of the Siloam Tunnel's construction. Being one of the longest ancient water tunnels lacking intermediate shafts, dating the Siloam Tunnel is a key to determining where and when this technological breakthrough took place. Siloam Tunnel dating also refutes a claim that the tunnel was constructed in the second century bc.

  18. Religious involvement and adolescent psychosocial development.

    PubMed

    Markstrom, C A

    1999-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if religious involvement was associated with psychosocial maturity of adolescents as understood in Erikson's psychosocial theory. Three forms of religious involvement (attendance at religious services, participation in a Bible study group, and youth group involvement) were examined in relation to ego strengths, ideological and ethnic forms of identity, general self-esteem, and school self-esteem. Questionnaires were completed by 62 African-American and 63 European-American students in the 11th grade. All participants were from rural areas in West Virginia and of lower income status. Ego strengths of hope, will, purpose, fidelity, love, and care were associated with various forms of religious involvement. These associations were most apparent for European-Americans. Although ideological identity was not related to religious involvement, higher ethnic identity was associated with being African-American, especially for those more religiously involved. General self-esteem was not significant in the analyses, but school self-esteem was higher for each form of religious involvement. Copyright 1999 The Association for Professionals in Services for Adolescents.

  19. Developmental stages and spiritual coping responses among economically impoverished women living with HIV disease.

    PubMed

    Somlai, A M; Heckman, T G; Hackl, K; Morgan, M; Welsh, D

    1998-01-01

    Identifies environmental markers, situational appraisals, perceived ability to mediate situations and outcomes, primary coping strategies, and purposes served by religion and spirituality in 10 HIV-positive women recruited from a regional health care clinic. Findings indicated that the women experienced a disintegration of family during their early developmental years, yielding feelings of hopelessness and isolation; that their sexual development was marked by rape and incest, and their early adulthood was characterized by failed relationships, pregnancies, drugs, and alcohol. Reports that the women's religious influences were predominantly maternal and provided a model for intercessory prayer. Notes that prior to their diagnosis of HIV, participants described their coping as escapist, while after diagnosis they believed there was a divine intercession renewing their spiritual growth and connectedness with others. Reports that the women's personal spirituality was greatly influenced by prayer, television ministries, and reading the Bible. Suggests the interventions that actively recruit women into social support services, health care systems, and faith congregations are needed and that television ministries may serve as access points for connecting women with necessary services.

  20. Misuses of biology in the context of the paranormal.

    PubMed

    Hewitt, G C

    1988-04-15

    Public suspicion of science stems from science's challenging of perceptions and myths about reality, and a public fear of new technology. The result is a susceptibility to pseudoscience. In claiming that creation 'science' is as valid as evolution the creationists misquote scientists and seek to spread their own 'scientific' myths concerning a young age for the earth, an act of creation based on a particular literalist interpretation of the Christian Bible and a single worldwide flood. They use methods of debate and politics, rather than scientific research. A selection of their arguments is examined and the nature of the evidence for evolution is discussed. Problems with the creation 'science' model are noted. In the myth of the hundredth monkey phenomenon, original research is misquoted to denigrate scientific research and support sentimental ideas of paranormal events. The misuse of science is seen as damaging to society because it reduces the effective gathering and application of scientific information. However, pseudoscience provides a valuable guide to gaps in public scientific education.

  1. Judeo-Christian concepts related to psychiatry

    PubMed Central

    Ponnudurai, R.

    2013-01-01

    The behavioral manifestations of psychotic disorders that are attributed to evil spirits in the Judeo-Christian scriptures as demonstrated by Jesus Christ have been narrated. The descriptions of false beliefs and the perceptual experiences that are consistent with the psychiatric terminologies “delusions and hallucinations” are briefly discussed. Attempt has been made to analyze the patterns of suicidal behaviors, guilt feelings, and, expressions of depressive symptoms in the Jewish culture. Of interest is the mass suicide by the Jews in the 1st century AD at the Fort Masada, perhaps the first of its kind recorded in the history. Noteworthy are alcohol and related mental health problems prevalent in the Jewish culture. While highlighting the descriptions of dreams and their revelations recorded in the Bible, it is suggested that such concepts about dreams might have influenced Sigmund Freud's classical works on dreams. The biblical messages and teachings that could be applied for psychotherapy and behavior modification strategies have been outlined. The mental concepts of Jewish culture and their relevance to Indian culture have also been discussed from a cross-cultural perspective. PMID:23858255

  2. Effects of biomass burning, lightning, and convection on O3, CO, and NOy over the tropical Pacific and Australia in August-October 1998 and 1999

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kondo, Y.; Koike, M.; Kita, K.; Ikeda, H.; Takegawa, N.; Kawakami, S.; Blake, D.; Liu, S. C.; Ko, M.; Miyazaki, Y.; Irie, H.; Higashi, Y.; Liley, B.; Nishi, N.; Zhao, Y.; Ogawa, T.

    2002-02-01

    In situ aircraft measurements of O3, CO, total reactive nitrogen (NOy), NO, and non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were made over the western Pacific Ocean and Australia during the Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE) A and B conducted in August-October 1998 and 1999. Generally, similar features were seen in the BIBLE A and B data in the latitudinal variations of these species in the troposphere from 35°N to 28°S at longitudes of 120°-150°E. The focus of this paper is to describe the characteristics of air masses sampled at 15°N-10°S (tropical Pacific) and 10°S-28°S (over Australia). With the exception of occasional enhancements in reactive nitrogen seen over New Guinea associated with lightning activities, the tropical Pacific region is distinguished from the rest of the region by smaller concentrations of these trace species. This can be explained in terms of the absence of surface sources over the ocean, lack of stratospheric intrusion, and the preclusion of midlatitude air and air from the west due to active convection throughout the troposphere. The median O3, CO, NOy, and NO mixing ratios in tropical air above 4 km were about 15-20 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), 60-75 ppbv, 20-100 parts per trillion by volume (pptv), and 5-40 pptv, respectively. Data obtained from PEM-West A and B conducted in 1991 and 1994 showed similar latitudinal features, although the PEM-West A values were somewhat elevated due to dominating westerly winds in the lower troposphere associated with El Niño. Over Australia, the levels of O3, CO, NOy, NO, and NMHCs were elevated throughout the troposphere over those observed in the tropical Pacific both in 1998 and 1999. The effect from biomass burning that occurred in northern Australia was limited to within the boundary layer because of strong subsidence in the period. Analyses based on 14-day back trajectories identified free tropospheric air over Australia that originated from Indonesia, the Indian Ocean, Africa

  3. Effects of biomass burning, lightning, and convection on O3, CO, and NOy over the tropical Pacific and Australia in August-October 1998 and 1999

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kondo, Y.; Koike, M.; Kita, K.; Ikeda, H.; Takegawa, N.; Kawakami, S.; Blake, D.; Liu, S. C.; Ko, M.; Miyazaki, Y.; Irie, H.; Higashi, Y.; Liley, B.; Nishi, N.; Zhao, Y.; Ogawa, T.

    2003-02-01

    In situ aircraft measurements of O3, CO, total reactive nitrogen (NOy), NO, and non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were made over the western Pacific Ocean and Australia during the Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment (BIBLE) A and B conducted in August-October 1998 and 1999. Generally, similar features were seen in the BIBLE A and B data in the latitudinal variations of these species in the troposphere from 35°N to 28°S at longitudes of 120°-150°E. The focus of this paper is to describe the characteristics of air masses sampled at 15°N-10°S (tropical Pacific) and 10°S-28°S (over Australia). With the exception of occasional enhancements in reactive nitrogen seen over New Guinea associated with lightning activities, the tropical Pacific region is distinguished from the rest of the region by smaller concentrations of these trace species. This can be explained in terms of the absence of surface sources over the ocean, lack of stratospheric intrusion, and the preclusion of midlatitude air and air from the west due to active convection throughout the troposphere. The median O3, CO, NOy, and NO mixing ratios in tropical air above 4 km were about 15-20 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), 60-75 ppbv, 20-100 parts per trillion by volume (pptv), and 5-40 pptv, respectively. Data obtained from PEM-West A and B conducted in 1991 and 1994 showed similar latitudinal features, although the PEM-West A values were somewhat elevated due to dominating westerly winds in the lower troposphere associated with El Niño. Over Australia, the levels of O3, CO, NOy, NO, and NMHCs were elevated throughout the troposphere over those observed in the tropical Pacific both in 1998 and 1999. The effect from biomass burning that occurred in northern Australia was limited to within the boundary layer because of strong subsidence in the period. Analyses based on 14-day back trajectories identified free tropospheric air over Australia that originated from Indonesia, the Indian Ocean, Africa

  4. Biblical views on abortion: an Episcopal perspective.

    PubMed

    Wilson-kastner, P; Blair, B

    1985-01-01

    Much scholarly work has been done to determine the biblical and traditional attitudes about abortion. One must ask what was said and why, what was its context, and inquire about what was not said as well. This discussion identifies some of the conclusions reached in scholarly literature. The word "abortion" is not mentioned in the Bible, but much in the Bible speaks to the issue. The most obvious passage is from Exodus 21:22-25. This part of the Covenant Code legislates the case of a pregnant woman who becomes involved in a brawl between 2 men and has a miscarriage. A distinction is then made between the penalty that is to be exacted for the loss of the fetus and injury to the woman. For the fetus, a fine is paid as determined by the husband and the judges. However, if the woman is injured or dies, "lex talionis" is applied -- life for life, eye for eye, etc. The story has somewhat limited application to the current abortion debate since it deals with accidental and not willful pregnancy termination. Even so, the distinction made between the woman and the fetus is important. The woman is valued as a person under the convenant; the fetus is valued as property. Its status is certainly inferior to that of the woman. This passage gives no support to the parity argument that gives equal religious and moral worth to woman and fetus. The bibilical portrait of person does not begin with an explanation of conception but with a portrayal of the creation of Adam and Eve. Thus, the biblical portrait of a person is that of a complex, many-sided creature with the god-like ability and responsibility to make choices. The fetus does not meet those criteria. When considering the issue of abortion, the one who unquestionably fits this portrait of personhood is the pregnant woman. The abortion question focuses on the personhood of the woman, who in turn considers the potential personhood of the fetus in terms of the multiple dimensions of her own history and the future. In biblical

  5. The History and Future of the Southern Bible Institute: A Post-Secondary School of Biblical Studies for African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooks, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The United States of America has a long history in higher education, but one area of its history not exhausted through research involves higher education for African Americans. Specifically, higher education for African Americans in the area of theology or biblical studies presents numerous opportunities for further research. Soon after the…

  6. The birds, the bees, and the Bible: single African American mothers' perceptions of a faith-based sexuality educaton program.

    PubMed

    Cornelius, Judith Bacchus

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study examined single mothers' ideas on the development of a faith-based sexuality program. Twenty African American single mothers with adolescent children (11 to 13 years of age) who were of the same faith and members of one church, participated in two focus groups about how a faith-based sexuality program could be designed and implemented. The findings call attention to the need for research on the design of faith-based sexuality education programs for ethnic minority families headed by single mothers.

  7. Putting Students Front and Center in the Hebrew Bible Classroom: Inquiry-Oriented Pedagogy in the Orthodox and Liberal Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassenfeld, Ziva R.

    2018-01-01

    Inquiry-oriented pedagogy is a difficult pedagogy to enact in the classroom. By placing students' questions and textual ideas at the center, the teacher opens the door to unanticipated and sometimes off-the-wall comments in text discussion. And yet, research has shown that it is exactly this type of pedagogy that leads to increased engagement and…

  8. When Bible and Science Interact: Teachers' Pedagogic and Value Challenges in Teaching Religious Minority Students in Higher Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novis-Deutsch, Nurit; Lifshitz, Chen

    2016-01-01

    The integration of highly religious minority students into institutions of higher education poses significant pedagogical and value challenges for students and teachers alike. We offer a framework for analyzing such challenges, distinguishing between practical concerns, identity issues and value conflicts. By contrasting a deficit perspective to…

  9. What's in a Name?-Consequences of Naming Non-Human Animals.

    PubMed

    Borkfelt, Sune

    2011-01-19

    The act of naming is among the most basic actions of language. Indeed, it is naming something that enables us to communicate about it in specific terms, whether the object named is human or non-human, animate or inanimate. However, naming is not as uncomplicated as we may usually think and names have consequences for the way we think about animals (human and non-human), peoples, species, places, things etc. Through a blend of history, philosophy and representational theory-and using examples from, among other things, the Bible, Martin Luther, colonialism/imperialism and contemporary ways of keeping and regarding non-human animals-this paper attempts to trace the importance of (both specific and generic) naming to our relationships with the non-human. It explores this topic from the naming of the animals in Genesis to the names given and used by scientists, keepers of companion animals, media etc. in our societies today, and asks the question of what the consequences of naming non-human animals are for us, for the beings named and for the power relations between our species and the non-human species and individuals we name.

  10. [The unicorn and the pharmacists. Early modern views on the presumed anti-toxic effects of unicorn horn].

    PubMed

    Gerritsen, W P

    2007-01-01

    Around 1600, the age-old belief in the anti-toxic effect of unicorn horn began to be called into question. This is evidenced by the views of two well-known French pharmaceutic authorities whose publications are discussed in this paper: the surgeon Ambroise Paré (1510-1590), court physician to four French kings, and the Montpellier pharmacist Laurent Catelan (1568-1647), who owned a famous cabinet de curiosités. Although Paré had to accept, however reluctantly, the existence of the unicorn (since it is mentioned in the Bible), he vehemently denied the supposed medicinal effect of unicorn products. He defended his position by an appeal to ancient and contemporary authorities, by rational argumentation, and by experiment. Paré's arguments failed to convince Catelan, who adhered to an alternative, so-called spagyric, medical theory of neoplatonic inspiration, as propagated by Paracelsus and Ficino. Catelan remained convinced of the efficacity of unicorn horn, which in his view could drain the human body from any poisonous substance. The medical establishment being reluctant to give up a rewarding source of income,'unicorn' remained much in demand as a prescription.

  11. From Shakespeare to Star Trek and beyond: a Medline search for literary and other allusions in biomedical titles.

    PubMed

    Goodman, Neville W

    2005-12-24

    To document biomedical paper titles containing literary and other allusions. Retrospective survey. Medline (1951 to mid-2005) through Dialog Datastar. Allusions to Shakespeare, Hans Christian Andersen, proverbs, the Bible, Lewis Carroll, and movie titles, corrected and scaled for five year periods 1950-4 to 2000-4. More than 1400 Shakespearean allusions exist, a third of them to "What's in a name" and another third to Hamlet-mostly to "To be or not to be." The trend of increasing use of allusive titles, identified from Shakespeare and Andersen, is paralleled by allusions to Carroll and proverbs; the trend of biblical allusions is also upward but is more erratic. Trends for newer allusions are also upwards, including the previously surveyed "paradigm shift." Allusive titles are likely to be to editorial or comment rather than to original research. The similar trends are presumably a mark of a particular learnt author behaviour. Newer allusions may be becoming more popular than older ones. Allusive titles can be unhelpful to reviewers and researchers, and many are now clichés. Whether they attract readers or citations is unknown, but better ways of gaining attention exist.

  12. Ezekiel's vision: Visual evidence of Sterno-Etrussia geomagnetic excursion?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raspopov, Oleg M.; Dergachev, Valentin A.; Goos'kova, Elena G.

    In the Eos article,“Ezekiel and the Northern Lights: Biblical Aurora Seems Plausible” (16 April 2002), Siscoe et al. presented arguments showing that coronal auroras can occur at low latitudes under the condition of increased geomagnetic dipole field strength. From this standpoint, they give an interpretation of the “reported” Ezekiel's vision (the Bible's Book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament). The site of the Ezekiel's vision was about 100 km south of Babylon (latitude ˜32° N, longitude ˜5°E), and the date of the vision was around 593 B.C. Auroral specialists believe that Ezekiel's vision was inspired by a very strong magnetic storm accompanied by coronal auroras at low latitudes. However, as justly noted by Siscoe et al. [2002],to adopt this interpretation, several questions should be answered. Can auroras be seen at the latitude where Ezekiel reportedly was? More important, can they reach a coronal stage of development, which is what the vision requires? Was the tilt of the dipole axis favorable? Was the general level of solar activity favorable? The principal question is, no doubt, the second one.

  13. Galileo's Courage to Create New Cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carr, Paul H.

    2009-10-01

    The trial of Galileo was a confrontation between the creativity of new science and the traditions of ``the religious establishment.''Galileo challenged ancient cosmology, where heavenly bodies were thoughtto be perfect spheres made of ``ether.'' His trail might have been avoided if Galileo had been more diplomatic. Paradoxically, the Roman Catholic Church was scientifically correct: Galileo had no proof the earth rotated about its axis as it orbited around the sun. His assertion that the tides arise from the earth's rotation later turned out to be correct, but at that time no one knew enough about gravitational and centrifugal forces. Galileo courageously argued, ``The Bible tells us how to go to heaven, not how the heavens go [1].'' He was nevertheless convicted at age 69, Galileo, although deeply hurt, did not withdraw from the Church. He believed himself to be a good Catholic who had sought to keep his church, for its own good, from making a mistake. In 1992, Pope John Paul said the Church had erred in condemning Galileo. [4pt] [1] Carr, P. H. (2006). ``The Courage to Create Beauty,'' Chap 10 of ``Beauty in Science & Spirit,'' Beech River Books, Center Ossipee, NH.

  14. Stars, Galaxies, and the Origin of Chemical Elements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peter, Ulmschneider

    "That I am mortal I know, and that my days are numbered, but when in my mind I follow the multiply entwined orbits of the stars, then my feet do no longer touch the Earth. At the table of Zeus himself do I eat Ambrosia, the food of the Gods". These words by Ptolemy from around 125 A.D. are handed down together with his famous book The Almagest, the bible of astronomy for some 1500 years. They capture mankind's deep fascination with the movements of the heavens, and the miracles of the biological world. After the Babylonians observed the motions of the Sun, Moon, and planets for millennia, the ancient Greeks were the first to speculate about the nature of these celestial bodies. Yet it is only as a consequence of developments in the last 150 years that a much clearer picture of the physical universe has begun to emerge. Among the most important discoveries have been the stellar parallax, confirming Copernicus's heliocentric system, the realization that galaxies are comprised of billions of stars, the awareness of the size of the universe, and the evolutionary nature of living organisms.

  15. Breast-feeding. The roots.

    PubMed

    Ben-Nun, L

    2006-12-01

    Although breast milk provides the best nutrition for the infant, breast-feeding has been decreasing with the growth in use of prepared milk formulas. This paper evaluates the available biblical literature dealing with breast-feeding. The research is unique in character, as it combines contemporary medical knowledge with presentation of cases taken from ancient history. We include no commentaries, but refer only to the words of the Bible exactly as written. Biblical texts relating to breast-feeding were examined and the cases of biblical characters who were breast-fed were studied. The great historical figures such as Isaac, Rebecca, Moses, Samuel, and Joash were breast-fed, openly or secretly. If the biological mother was unable to nurse her child, a wet nurse took over the feeding. Breast-feeding was the only way infants could survive at that time. Weaning day was very important and was celebrated. The wet nurse played an important role in family life, in some cases remaining to live with the infant after weaning, through childhood and even into adulthood. In spite of advanced technology that provides artificial infant formulas, contemporary mothers, just like biblical mothers, should be encouraged to breast-feed their infants.

  16. In search of novel highly active mitochondria-targeted antioxidants: thymoquinone and its cationic derivatives.

    PubMed

    Severina, Inna I; Severin, Fedor F; Korshunova, Galina A; Sumbatyan, Natalya V; Ilyasova, Tatyana M; Simonyan, Ruben A; Rogov, Anton G; Trendeleva, Tatyana A; Zvyagilskaya, Renata A; Dugina, Vera B; Domnina, Lidia V; Fetisova, Elena K; Lyamzaev, Konstantin G; Vyssokikh, Mikhail Yu; Chernyak, Boris V; Skulachev, Maxim V; Skulachev, Vladimir P; Sadovnichii, Viktor A

    2013-06-27

    Since the times of the Bible, an extract of black cumin seeds was used as a medicine to treat many human pathologies. Thymoquinone (2-demethylplastoquinone derivative) was identified as an active antioxidant component of this extract. Recently, it was shown that conjugates of plastoquinone and penetrating cations are potent mitochondria-targeted antioxidants effective in treating a large number of age-related pathologies. This review summarizes new data on the antioxidant and some other properties of membrane-penetrating cationic compounds where 2-demethylplastoquinone substitutes for plastoquinone. It was found that such a substitution significantly increases a window between anti- and prooxidant concentrations of the conjugates. Like the original plastoquinone derivatives, the novel compounds are easily reduced by the respiratory chain, penetrate through model and natural membranes, specifically accumulate in mitochondria in an electrophoretic fashion, and strongly inhibit H2O2-induced apoptosis at pico- and nanomolar concentrations in cell cultures. At present, cationic demethylplastoquinone derivatives appear to be the most promising mitochondria-targeted drugs of the quinone series. Copyright © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. The rams horn in western history

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lubman, David

    2003-10-01

    The shofar or rams horn-one of the most ancient of surviving aerophones-may have originated with early Neolithic herders. The shofar is mentioned frequently and importantly in the Hebrew bible and in later biblical and post-biblical literature. Despite its long history, contemporary ritual uses, and profound symbolic significance to western religion, no documentation of shofar acoustical properties was found. Since ancient times, shepherds of many cultures have fashioned sound instruments from the horns of herd animals for practical and musical uses. Shepherd horns of other cultures exhibit an evolution of form and technology (e.g., the inclusion of finger holes). The shofar is unique in having retained its primitive form. It is suggested that after centuries of practical use, the shofar became emblematic of the shepherd culture. Ritual use then developed, which froze its form. A modern ritual rams horn played by an experienced blower was examined. This rather short horn was determined to have a source strength of 92 dB (A) at 1 m, a fundamental frequency near 420 Hz, and maximum power output between 1.2 and 1.8 kHz. Sample sounds and detection range estimates are provided.

  18. Good death and bad death in ancient Israel according to biblical lore.

    PubMed

    Spronk, Klaas

    2004-03-01

    In the view of the ancient Israelites, as expressed in the Hebrew Bible, death is good or at least acceptable (1) after a long life, (2) when a person dies in peace, (3) when there is continuity in the relation with the ancestors and the heirs, and (4) when one will be buried in one's own land. Death is experienced as bad when (1) it is premature, (2) violent, especially when it is shameful (e.g., when a man is killed by a woman), (3) when a person does not have an heir, and (4) when one does not receive a proper burial. It is remarkable that in the literature of ancient Israel common elements like the cult of the dead and the belief in retribution after death, are not explicitly mentioned and therefore do not function as a comfort for death. Also, from a theological point of view emphasis is placed on this life. A positive attitude towards martyrdom is missing. This results in a way of coping with death which has many 'modern' elements or which may help modern people to face death.

  19. Ethical issues at the start of life.

    PubMed

    Sacks, J

    2001-01-01

    In this article the fundamentals of a Jewish ethic are set out, through which today's pressing medical ethical questions are then broached. Ethics derive from a basic view of humanity. The Bible teaches that man is created in God's image, and every life is therefore sacrosanct. Second, since life is God-given we are its guarantors, not its owners. Finally, monotheism sees God as above nature and not in it, so nature itself is not holy--man can, and indeed should, try to improve upon it. With reference to specific medical issues, the need to be wary of the erosion of the family unit and of personal identity is stressed. Concerning abortion and stem cell research, the point is made that an embryo is not a person but is a potentiality and therefore not an object to be used. Regarding genetic intervention, a line is drawn between the therapeutic and the eugenic. Every technology carries with it the possibility of diminishing or enhancing human dignity. What matters is how we use it. The way to use it is in a covenant with God, honouring his image that is mankind.

  20. The citation effect: In-text citations moderately increase belief in trivia claims.

    PubMed

    Putnam, Adam L; Phelps, Riley J

    2017-09-01

    Authors use in-text citations to provide support for their claims and to acknowledge work done by others. How much do such citations increase the believability of an author's claims? It is possible that readers (especially novices) might ignore citations as they read. Alternatively, citations ostensibly serve as evidence for a claim, which justifies using them as a basis for a judgment of truth. In six experiments, subjects saw true and false trivia claims of varying difficulty presented with and without in-text citations (e.g., The cat is the only pet not mentioned in the bible) and rated the likelihood that each statement was true. A mini meta-analysis summarizing the results of all six experiments indicated that citations had a small but reliable effect on judgments of truth (d=0.13, 95% CI [0.06, 0.20]) suggesting that subjects were more likely to believe claims that were presented with citations than without. We discuss this citation effect and how it is similar and different to related research suggesting that nonprobative photos can increase judgments of truth. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.