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Sample records for biography

  1. Reading Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Biography is a hybrid. It is history crossed with narrative. The biographer has to present the available facts of the life yet shape their arbitrariness, untidiness, and incompleteness into an engaging whole. The readerly appeal lies in the prospect both of gaining documentary information, scrupulously researched and plausibly interpreted, and of…

  2. Native American Biographies. Multicultural Biographies Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeley, Virginia, Ed.; And Others

    This book, appropriate for secondary students, includes brief biographies of 21 Native Americans of the 20th century. The biographies focus on childhood experiences, cultural heritage, and career goals. The book is divided into four units that feature Native Americans with successful careers in the fields of literature and drama; fine arts and…

  3. Freud and Literary Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellman, Richard

    1984-01-01

    Sigmund Freud's attitudes about writing biographies of authors, and the influence of Freud's work on the interpretations of creativity, are discussed in relation to biographies of and by a number of writers. It is proposed that Freud's contributions, used carefully, have served to enlighten biography. (MSE)

  4. Aging according to biography.

    PubMed

    Weiland, S

    1989-04-01

    Aging can no longer be considered an afterthought in biographies. How scholarly biographers treat their subjects is considered in the context of the work of Erik H. Erikson. Readers of biographies can discover in accounts of the subject's last years the same interest in developmental values typical of biographical attention to youth. Developmental theorists can observe in biography representations of the life cycle that add meaning to aging.

  5. Aging According to Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiland, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Uses Erik Erikson's work to discuss how biographies treat aging. Explores how developmental theorists observe biographical representations of the life cycle and its applicability to aging. (Author/BHK)

  6. Early Experiences with Women's Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styer, Sandra

    Too often books have been published with contrived and unnatural nonsexist messages. Teachers searching for good nonsexist literature need to consider the potential contributions of biographies, especially women's biographies, written for young children's listening and reading enjoyment. Women in well-selected biographies are assertive,…

  7. American surgical biographies.

    PubMed

    Rutkow, I M

    1987-12-01

    Finding adequate biographical data on a given surgeon can cause great difficulty because of the lack of a single source containing biographies of these people. This article provides short biographies of 15 American surgeons of the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries: Henry Jacob Bigelow, Joseph Decatur Bryant, Gurdon Buck, John Murray Carnochan, John Syng Dorsey, George Michael Edebohls, Christian Fenger, George Ryerson Fowler, Arpad Geza Charles Gerster, William Gibson, Frank Hastings Hamilton, William Tod Helmuth, Andrew Jackson Howe, Joseph Pancoast, and John Allan Wyeth.

  8. Deterritorializing Collective Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gannon, Susanne; Walsh, Susan; Byers, Michele; Rajiva, Mythili

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a new move in the methodological practice of collective biography, by provoking a shift beyond any remnant attachment to the speaking/writing subject towards her dispersal and displacement via textual interventions that stress multivocality. These include the use of photographs, drama, and various genres of writing. Using a…

  9. African-American Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Ron

    1995-01-01

    Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac,"…

  10. John Glenn - Mini Biography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1963-01-01

    Mini Biography of John Glenn, as it was up to 1962. From film to tape transfer of the film 'Friendship 7 - John Glenn' Depicts the historical orbital flight of John Glenn aboard 'Friendship 7', launched on February 20, 1962. Footage of staff at tracking stations worldwide and at Goddard Space Flight Center. Launch from cape canaveral. Flight tracking, re-entry, landing and recovery of Friendship 7.

  11. Biography of Professor Hayashi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, Humitaka

    2012-09-01

    Biography of Chushiro Hayashi(1920-2010) is described with an emphasis on his early career as a theoretical physicist. In spite of his well-recognized achievements in theoretical astrophysics, such as Hayashi phase, p/n-ratio at Big Bang, stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis and Kyoto Model on the origin of solar system, Hayashi had once wished to devote in study of non-local field theory of particle physics. However, the various changes of situation around Hideki Yukawa(Nobel prize laureate in 1949) had guided him to the study of astrophysics.

  12. Wu Chien-Shiung: A brief biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiang, Tsai-Chien

    2015-12-01

    My first encounter with professor Wu Chien-Shiung, a leading experimental physicist, 31 years ago inspired me to write her biography. I received much encouragement when planning this biography, especially from Dr. Yang Chen Ning, whose biography I wrote later. The real challenges in writing Wu's biography were finding the balance between both sides of her life and overcoming the obstacle that, unlike theoretical physicists (such as Yang), experimental physicists are inclined more to deeds than to words.

  13. Literary Biography: The Cinderella of Literary Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This article begins by contrasting the popularity of biography in the general culture with the neglect of literary biography as a branch of literary studies. The argument follows from the hybrid character of a genre in which history is crossed with narrative. Using concepts drawn from narratology, it shows how biography's handling of life stories…

  14. Prosopagnosia in biographies and autobiographies.

    PubMed

    Grüter, Thomas; Grüter, Martina

    2007-01-01

    Prosopagnosia is a selective impairment of the visual learning and recognition of faces. The congenital type, which is not accompanied by detectable brain damage or malformation, was recently found to be far more common than previously known. Therefore, one should expect that at least a few biographies or autobiographies would reveal a prosopagnosia. In this paper we present an autobiography and a biography describing five cases of congenital prosopagnosia. These biographic descriptions of prosopagnosia add further evidence to the assumption that the congenital type of prosopagnosia is not a rare condition, and not as socially crippling as one might expect.

  15. Letters in Biographies and Novels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterra, Elizabeth

    1997-01-01

    This is an annotated bibliography of biographies, historical fiction, contemporary stories, and discussion questions related to letter writing. A sidebar suggests an activity that involves reading a book about Ludwig van Beethoven, listening to Beethoven's music, and discussing letters in the story. (DGM)

  16. Building Biographies: A Snapshot Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarnowski, Myra

    1986-01-01

    Proposes a method for building biographies with elementary students. Called the "snapshot approach," it encourages students to visualize memorable events in the life of the person being studied. Step one is gathering and studying biographical information, step two is selecting the material to use, and step three is arranging and interpreting the…

  17. Major Greenwood (1880-1949): the biography.

    PubMed

    Farewell, Vern; Johnson, Tony

    2016-12-30

    Background is provided on the discovery of an unpublished biography of Major Greenwood written by one of his sons. The motivation and preparation for online publication of the biography in Statistics in Medicine are outlined. © 2016 The Authors. Statistics in Medicine Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Major Greenwood (1880–1949): the biography

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Tony

    2016-01-01

    Background is provided on the discovery of an unpublished biography of Major Greenwood written by one of his sons. The motivation and preparation for online publication of the biography in Statistics in Medicine are outlined. © 2016 The Authors. Statistics in Medicine Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:27654632

  19. Towards a Poetics of Literary Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Writing biography, as writing any historical account, "involves the use of literary techniques and is subject to aesthetic requirements in both style and structure." Narrative, common to both historical and fictional writing, is the central theoretical concept; and understanding the nature of narrative in biography--a hybrid genre that is grounded…

  20. A Biography of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weidman, Lisa K. Menendez

    This teaching guide consists of a biography of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy (Onassis), the wife of President John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States and questions for students to answer after reading the biography. The guide contains activities, such as playing the role of an inquiring camera girl (Mrs. Kennedy's first job in…

  1. Exploring Women's Political Careers through Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styer, Sandra

    1982-01-01

    Describes how to use biographies of successful women politicians to provide career role models for elementary school girls. The biographies of Margaret Chase Smith, Bella Abzug, Shirley Chisholm, Barbara Jordan, and Juanita Kreps are recommended as resources for career education. (AM)

  2. Exploring Women's Political Careers Through Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Styer, Sandra

    Juvenile political biographies of contemporary American women can provide important role models for elementary school girls in the process of exploring careers. While there is a paucity of juvenile political biographies of contemporary women, a number of excellent ones do exist. These can be used in a variety of ways, including using one biography…

  3. Biography and Young Gifted Learners: Connecting to Commercially Available Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Ann; Cotabish, Alicia

    2005-01-01

    Biographies are an important resource for extending and differentiating the curriculum for high-ability learners. To include biography in curriculum, educators need answers to the following four questions: (1) How are commercially available biographies located?; (2) What criteria are useful in selecting biographies for high-ability learners?; (3)…

  4. Vladimir Naumovich Gribov: Pieces of biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azimov, Ya. I.

    2016-10-01

    The talk presents the main lines of biography of the prominent physicist and bright personality. Also given is a necessarily brief description of Gribov’s scientific work. Note from Publisher: This article contains the abstract only.

  5. A Study of Biography as a Literary Form for Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, M. Iona

    This study examined children's literature and the development of biography intended for juvenile readers. The writer assembled a list of characteristics of writing for children, reviewed the growth of biography as a literary form, and noted the difference between biography written for the child audience and that intended for adults. Qualities were…

  6. Magnus Hirschfeld, his biographies and the possibilities and boundaries of "biography" as "doing history.".

    PubMed

    Brennan, Toni; Hegarty, Peter

    2009-12-01

    This article considers the two major biographies of sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, MD (1868-1935), an early campaigner for "gay rights" avant la lettre. Like him, his first biographer Charlotte Wolff (1897-1986) was a Jewish doctor who lived and worked in Weimar Republic Berlin and fled Germany when the Nazi regime came to power. When researching Hirschfeld's biography (published in English in 1986) Wolff met a librarian and gay activist, Manfred Herzer, who would eventually be a cofounder of the Gay Museum in Berlin and publish (in German, in 1992) the other major Hirschfeld biography currently available. Using, inter alia, the correspondence between Wolff and Herzer, the article aims to explore and interrogate the boundaries and possibilities of "biography" as a form of "doing history."

  7. Biographies of Women Scientists for Young Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bettis, Catherine; Smith, Walter S.

    The participation of women in the physical sciences and engineering woefully lags behind that of men. One significant vehicle by which students learn to identify with various adult roles is through the literature they read. This annotated bibliography lists and describes biographies on women scientists primarily focusing on publications after…

  8. History Through Biography? A Conceptual Research Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Robert W.

    Social studies classroom teachers can enliven high school history courses and motivate students to learn about history by using dramatic or heroic biographies in teaching history. The biographical approach centers on study of the lives, beliefs, and surroundings of historical actors. This approach differs from the "great man" theory of history in…

  9. People from the Past: Writing Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Kelli

    1992-01-01

    Teachers have allowed the social studies and science areas of instruction to become isolated from vibrant language arts skills, resulting in deficiencies in reading and writing skills within the different content areas. An 8- to 10-week biography unit was developed for a fourth-grade social studies course in an attempt to give students a stronger…

  10. Details on the biography of Jerzy Neyman

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex

    2003-04-01

    Details on the biography of Jerzy Neyman (1894-1981) and a short outline of the native town Tighina in Basarabia (the Republic of Moldova) of the outstanding mathematician and statistician, astronomer, meteorologist, biologist, philosopher and sociologist, founder of the mathematical theory of selection has been given.

  11. Misrepresenting "Choice Biographies"?: A Reply to Woodman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Steven

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides a reply to Woodman's (2009) recent argument that youth studies often incorrectly attribute the concept of "choice biographies" to the work of Ulrich Beck. Drawing heavily on Beck's own words, this paper contends that youth researchers might not be making this association unduly. Consideration is paid to some conceptual issues…

  12. Small Worlds: Biography in the Interdisciplinary Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, David

    2008-01-01

    The interdisciplinary survey inherits from more traditional survey courses the weaknesses embodied in the survey textbook. The standard textbook presentation gives students the impression that each figure's music, art, or literature is the product of the "spirit of the age." Well-chosen biographies temper that presentation by drawing attention to…

  13. Using Biography to Counsel Gifted Young Men.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebert, Thomas P.

    1995-01-01

    The use of biographies in counseling young men who are gifted is recommended, to assist them in dealing with such issues as underachievement, self-inflicted pressure in athletics, cultural alienation, and father-son relationships. Biographical works that may be used and strategies for using this counseling approach are examined, including case…

  14. Adult Learning by "the Biography of Place."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurantowicz, Ewa

    The "biography of place" can be available in the objective (currently valid and predominant) history of a given region of residence or it can be created by individuals in the process of reflections on their own social identity, which is defined by their place of living. Each perspective is conditioned by an epistemological and…

  15. Peer Group, Educational Distinction and Educational Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kruger, Heinz-Hermann; Kohler, Sina-Mareen; Pfaff, Nicolle; Zschach, Maren

    2011-01-01

    The article presents selected results of a reconstructive study on the significance of the peer group for children's educational biography. Based on the analysis of qualitative interviews and group discussions with c. 11-year-old children from different educational milieus in Germany it is first shown how, in general, groups of friends in…

  16. African American Biographies: A Collection Development Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woody, Donna

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the lack of African American biographies for elementary school libraries and reports the results of a study that surveyed publishers from the Children's Book Council. Examines book reviews, discusses the number of sports figures included, and considers problems with a lack of appropriate materials to support the curriculum. (LRW)

  17. Marital Biography, Social Security Receipt, and Poverty.

    PubMed

    Lin, I-Fen; Brown, Susan L; Hammersmith, Anna M

    2017-01-01

    Increasingly, older adults are unmarried, which could mean a larger share is at risk of economic disadvantage. Using data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study, we chart the diverse range of marital biographies, capturing marital sequences and timing, of adults who are age eligible for Social Security and examine three indicators of economic well-being: Social Security receipt, Social Security benefit levels, and poverty status. Partnereds are disproportionately likely to receive Social Security and they enjoy relatively high Social Security benefits and very low poverty levels. Among singles, economic well-being varies by marital biography and gender. Gray divorced and never-married women face considerable economic insecurity. Their Social Security benefits are relatively low, and their poverty rates are quite high (over 25%), indicating Social Security alone is not sufficient to prevent these women from falling into poverty. By comparison, gray widoweds are the most advantaged singles.

  18. [The national biography - a comprehensive research project].

    PubMed

    Makela-Alitalo, A

    1998-01-01

    This project was initiated by the Finnish Historical Society in 1993. The reason was an increasing interest in biographies. The aim is to write 6000 Finnish biographies in 11-12 volumes. The articles are planned to be published in the beginning of the year 2000. Selected historical characters from the Middle Ages to the present day are to be described. The most influential persons in politics, economy and the church as well as in art and sport are presented in articles of 20-30 pages. Certain persons representing the economy of life of previous times are presented in shorter articles as examples of the circumstances of their days. In addition extraordinary characters considered to be of special interest to the readers are introduced. The border between the groups is indistinct. The witches from the 17th Century are, for example, both typical representatives of their time and exceptional persons as seen by modern people. Similarities between old magic and modern "alternative" medicine are also obvious. An object of special interest is women's history, which previously has been almost overlooked. Female biographies now constitute about 15% of the articles. The National Biography is also available as a net version. The first articles were opened in late 1997 in the Internet. In the field of medical science, all the most prominent persons in the history of medicine and related professions are included, beginning from the king's physician Johan Copp in the 16th century. The medical profession is extended so as to consist of university professors and scientists, practitioners and promotors of administration as well as healers.

  19. Maria Mitchell: A New Scholarly Biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welther, Barbara L.

    2007-12-01

    Margaret Moore Booker has researched, written, and just published a proper biography of "America's First Woman Astronomer." To the diaries, notes, and lectures that Maria Mitchell wrote, Booker has added details from other historical sources and pulled together a very stylish, well-written, and illuminating volume. This paper will review some of the well-known details of Mitchell's life and show how Booker's work sheds new light on her subject's persona.

  20. Mexican American Profiles. Bilingual Biographies for Today. Level Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nava, Julian; Hall, Michelle

    Short biographies of 26 Mexican American men and women are presented in this textbook for 8th grade students. The biographies reveal how each individual has made an impact upon the life of the Mexican American and on our society. Numerous occupations, professions, life styles, economic conditions, and different political points of view are…

  1. Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomanovic, Smiljka

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

  2. Comparative Biography as Political History: Huey Long and Father Coughlin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkley, Alan

    1984-01-01

    Comparing the biographies of individuals is a technique that can be used to illuminate the larger history of a society. As an illustration, comparative biographies of two dissident leaders, Huey Long and Father Charles Coughlin, are discussed to show how they reflect the social and political history of the 1930s. (RM)

  3. Being Teddy Roosevelt: Exploring Biographies and Overcoming Life's Obstacles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarnowski, Myra

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author demonstrates how students can use biographies in developing their own personal strengths of character. Because biographies raise issues in context, they provide excellent material for thinking about character traits. Books like those discussed in this article show how people living in actual situations made decisions…

  4. Definitions of Feminist and Sexist Biographies of Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Lynn Z.

    This paper is concerned with determining the influences of biographers' gender on the content of biographies of women. The following questions are addressed: Do some treatments of subjects produce feminist or sexist biographies? What are the principal characteristics of both forms? Which, if any, of these features combine to result in identifiable…

  5. Creating Biography Webs to Investigate Individuals' Historical Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fertig, Gary; Silverman, Rick

    2009-01-01

    Biographies, which are popular among young people, can stimulate interest in the past when students investigate the historical contexts in which individuals lived. Creating biography webs offers students structured opportunities to investigate how other people and groups influenced the personal development of specific individuals (NCSS Strands II,…

  6. How Are Scientists Portrayed in Children's Science Biographies?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dagher, Zoubeida R.; Ford, Danielle J.

    The goal of this study is to analyze the images of science and scientists in science biographies written for children. We examined 12 biographies of historic and contemporary scientists written for primary/middle school children in relation to three dimensions: characteristics of scientists, nature and process of scientific knowledge, and social processes of science. Biographies of historic scientists were characterized by a relative absence of description of how scientists arrived at their knowledge especially in books addressing younger readers. Biographies of contemporary scientists showed richer descriptions of experimental science with limited attention to connections between evidence and theory. Findings reinforce the need for teachers to guide students in their critical reading of biographies and provide additional resources to help them construct a richer understanding of the nature of science

  7. A self-psychological approach to the study of biography: the interplay of narratives in psychoanalysis and biography.

    PubMed

    Hershberg, Sandra G

    2009-04-01

    This chapter is an exploration of the psychoanalytic aspects of biography and the biographical aspects of psychoanalysis. The narratives that emerge from biography and psychoanalytic treatment incorporate elements of empathy, ideology (theory), and transference/countertransference and are co-constructed within an intersubjective field involving the subjectivities of both participants, the biographer and her subject and the analyst and her analysand. I will provide examples that demonstrate the way in which these processes play out in the biographical realm. Correspondingly, I will illustrate the way in which the analyst's biography and analysand's autobiography change in the course of the psychoanalytic treatment. Salient differences between biographical and psychoanalytic endeavors are also discussed.

  8. Biographies of Eminent Women in Psychology: Models for Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furumoto, Laurel; And Others

    1980-01-01

    In order to recognize women's contributions to the field of psychology, biographies of Margaret Floy Washburn, Mary Cover Jones, Karen Horney, Susan Grey, Edna Heidbreder, Ann Roe, and Mary Whitton Calkins are presented. (BEF)

  9. Historical "Bad Guys": Biography as a Teaching Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dietrich, Donald J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a history course on the college level that uses biographies to help students connect important political leaders, such as Hitler and Machiavelli, to the time and place that shaped their actions. Reports on the effectiveness of the class. (RKM)

  10. Whey protein stories - An experiment in writing a multidisciplinary biography.

    PubMed

    Jensen, Tenna; Bechshoeft, Rasmus L; Giacalone, Davide; Otto, Marie Haulund; Castro-Mejía, Josue; Bin Ahmad, Hajar Fauzan; Reitelseder, Søren; Jespersen, Astrid Pernille

    2016-12-01

    This is an experimental, dual-purpose article about whey protein and how to conduct interdisciplinary analyses and writings. On the one hand, this article is a multidisciplinary commodity biography, which consists of five descriptions of whey protein written by the five different research groups involved in the interdisciplinary research project CALM(Counteracting Age-related loss of Skeletal Muscle Mass). On the other hand, it is a meta-analysis, which aims to uncover and highlight examples of how the five descriptions contribute to each other with insights into the contextualisation of knowledge, contrasts between the descriptions and the new dimensions they bring to established fields of interest. The meta-analysis also contains a discussion of interdisciplinary study objects and the usefulness of the multidisciplinary commodity biography as a format for interdisciplinary publications. The article contributes to the field of food studies with a multidisciplinary biography of whey protein - including its sensory qualities and challenges, insights into its cultural history, its nutritional value and effects on the human body and an analysis of how it is perceived by people who consume it. The biography thereby expands upon existing understandings of whey protein while discussing the usefulness of employing the commodity biography format in interdisciplinary writing. Moreover, the article contributes to the field of interdisciplinary research by providing a practical example of a joint publication and reflections upon the existence, interaction and possibilities of monodisciplinary knowledge structures within interdisciplinary studies and publications.

  11. Efficacy of ACA Strategies in Biography-Driven Science Teaching: An Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in…

  12. Biography as Church History: Some Contrasts between the 1950s and the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melville, Annabelle M.

    1984-01-01

    Comparison of Catholic biography in the 1950s and 1980s highlights prominent titles and publishers. Biographies as a segment of history of the Church in the United States, the author's writing of the biography of DuBourg, and the history of DuBourg's three decades in the American Catholic Church are noted. (EJS)

  13. Writers on Writers: Literary Biography, A Distinctive Genre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Lynn Z.

    This essay identifies and illustrates a number of significant features that, in combination, make literary biography a distinct and recognizable genre. Among these are considerations of the various aspects of the composition of literary works, such as sources of inspiration, authors' motives and methods in transforming life into art, and…

  14. Hypatia's Sisters: Biographies of Women Scientists - Past and Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schacher, Susan

    This booklet gives two- or three-page biographies of seventeen women scientists. They range in history from Agnodice (physician, 300 B.B.) to Jane Goodall (born 1934). In addition, brief sketches are given of twenty-three other women scientists. This anthology is intended to fill a need for curriculum materials and literature that provide positive…

  15. White Silence: A Racial Biography of Margaret Haley.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousmaniere, Kate

    2001-01-01

    Presents a racial biography of Margaret Haley, the early 1900s organizer of teachers' unions and explains that of all the progressive social and educational changes Haley spoke out about, racial equity in U.S. schools was not one of them. Argues that white teachers' silence about race is deeply and historically embedded in the cultural and…

  16. Using Teacher-Generated Biography as Input Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Alun

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the use of teacher-generated biographical material as a vehicle for introducing culture-based content into the classroom. The rationale behind the concept of teacher-generated biography is described with reference to adult general English students in Japan. (Author/VWL)

  17. The Stegman Papers: biography of a leader in dermatologic surgery.

    PubMed

    Redbord, Kelley P; Hanke, C William

    2012-06-01

    The Stegman Papers is a biography of Dr. Samuel J. Stegman. The papers were collected by Dr. Stegman during his lifetime as a dermatologic surgeon and leader. The manuscript includes a time line of Dr. Stegman's life and listing of his accomplishments, including significant publications.

  18. Learning about Fictionalized Biographies: A Reading and Writing Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zarnowski, Myra

    1988-01-01

    Describes in detail a three-month class project focusing on fictionalized biographies and the life of Benjamin Franklin. Notes that in-depth integration of reading, writing, and content area instruction improves reading skills, as well as learning from content area textbooks, especially for low ability readers. (MM)

  19. Portraits: Biography and Autobiography in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Margaret, Ed.; McGinnis, Jo, Ed.

    Prepared by experienced classroom teachers from all levels, the articles in this book explain how to use biography and autobiography as a basis for the thorough study of a topic in literature, history, the social sciences, or other subject areas. The nine articles in the first section of the book use Maya Angelou's "I Know Why the Caged Bird…

  20. Biography as an Art: Selected Criticism 1560-1960.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, James L., Ed.

    Forty-seven essays from five centuries of writings on biography are contained in this book. Selections are arranged under the following headings: "Before 1700" (9 selections), "The Eighteenth Century" (5), "The Nineteenth Century" (11), "Early Twentieth Century" (14), and "Mid-Twentieth Century" (8). Authors range from Francis Bacon to Leon Edel.…

  1. Reclaiming and Reimagining Macro Social Work Education: A Collective Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Netting, F. Ellen; O'Connor, Mary Katherine; Cole, Portia L.; Hopkins, Karen; Jones, Jenny L.; Kim, Youngmi; Leisey, Monica; Mulroy, Elizabeth A.; Rotabi, Karen Smith; Thomas, M. Lori; Weil, Marie O.; Wike, Traci L.

    2016-01-01

    The authors focus on a collective biography of 12 women social work educators, all either tenured or in tenure lines, from five different universities at the time of the study. The participants represent several aspects of macro practice including administration, planning, community practice, and policy. Beginning with reflections about coming…

  2. Revolutionary Movies: Creating Digital Biographies in the Fifth Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waring, Scott M.; Santana, Marie; Robinson, Kirk

    2009-01-01

    Integrating digital video into history lessons can generate enthusiasm and excitement among students about learning history. While some students perceive history to be dull or boring due to lack of personal relevance or applicability, the authors found that creating digital video biographies during a unit of study on the American Revolution…

  3. "It is Hard Fun": Scaffolded Biography Writing with English Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavlak, Christina M.

    2013-01-01

    Using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a theoretical framework, a team of university staff and educators at a traditionally under-performing urban elementary school built a collaboration aimed at enhancing writing instruction. The current qualitative research study, which was part of this larger project, focused on biography writing in Eva…

  4. Collective Biography and Memory Work: Girls Reading Fiction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gannon, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Collective biography draws on memory work methods developed initially by feminist sociologists (Haug et al., 1987) where people collaboratively examined the social and discursive resources through which they take themselves up as particular gendered subjects in the world. Their own memories become resources to investigate processes of…

  5. Olive Banks and the Collective Biography of British Feminism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Gaby

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers Olive Banks' work on charting the history and development of British feminism, and particularly her use of collective biography as a research and analytic tool. It is argued that while this has been seen as the least "fashionable" aspect of her work, it took forward C. Wright Mills' contention for one definition of…

  6. Let's Write a Biography: "The Man in the Walnut Shell."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oxendine, Linda

    1989-01-01

    Describes a second-grade class project in which students wrote a fictional biography in response to several books read aloud to them. Enumerates the 9 steps in the process, and presents selections (chapters 1 and 10) from the book "The Man in the Walnut Shell." (SR)

  7. A Forgotten Voice: A Biography of Leta Stetter Hollingworth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Ann G.

    This biography examines the life of Leta Stetter Hollingworth who was born in rural Nebraska in 1886, rose above an abusive childhood and strong prejudice to become an influential psychologist, feminist, educator, author, and advocate for gifted children. Individual chapters have the following titles: (1) "A Child Called 'E'"; (2)…

  8. A brief family and academic biography of Benson E. Ginsburg.

    PubMed

    Maxson, Stephen C

    2011-11-01

    This is a brief personal biography of Benson E. Ginsburg, my friend, colleague and mentor. This is personal in several ways. First, it is about Benson's family as well as his career. Second, much of what I write is based on discussions with Benson. Third, after 1960, Benson's story is a big part of my story. I have been there for more than 50 years as it has unfolded.

  9. [History of thought tendencies in biography - a cultural historical synopsis].

    PubMed

    Dieckhöfer, K

    1980-01-01

    Biography, presumably, the oldest form of historiography, is rudimentally already found in the Attic comedy. Reference is made to Xenophon and his representation of leading personalities and predominance problems as well as to Aristotle through whose school the empiric exploration of the individual personality in philosophy was firmly established. To Theophrast's pictures of human weakness are added new psychological aspects under Aristoxenos. In the biographical work of Nepos the picture of the habits of famous men was shown on a subhistorical level. While Plutarch's character descriptions are fully rationalistic there can be no doubt that a moral value judgement is passed. The Concepts "experience" and "inner development" were therefore unknown in the antique biography. Herder, as the onset of the writing of scientific biographies, is considered the promotor of an objectivating biographical and autobiographical method. Reference is made to Dilthey's theory of knowledge and his theory of cognition, particularly to his cultural-historical approach, whereby a close relationship to Gruhle ("understanding psychology"), Jaspers ("The art of sympathising understanding") as well as Birnbaum ("pathographic methodology") becomes evident.

  10. Explorer of the universe. A biography of George Ellery Hale.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, H.

    When first published in 1966, Helen Wright's Explorer of the universe brought public recognition to astronomer George Ellery Hale's (1868 - 1938) pre-eminent role in 20th-century science. With this timely republication (featuring a new introduction by Alan Sandage and a complete index), Hale's accomplishments and his fascinating, mercurial personality are brought to life for a new generation. Drawing on extensive research and interviews with Hale's colleagues, associates, and friends, as well as many of the astronomers he inspired, this work is an authoriative and affectionate biography and a revealing look back at the birth and development of modern astrophysics.

  11. A Biography of John F. Kennedy: The 35th President of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weidman, Lisa Menendez; Shea, Ellen

    This teaching guide consists of a biography of the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, as well as a set of five worksheets to accompany the biography. The worksheets, which are based on the reading, are intended to help students in grades 3-5 reinforce their knowledge of the life and presidency of John Kennedy, while at…

  12. Trendsetting Learning Biographies: Concepts of Navigating through Late-Modern Life and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diepstraten, Isabelle; du Bois-Reymond, Manuela; Vinken, Henk

    2006-01-01

    In this article we build a theoretical framework with which to analyse trendsetting learning biographies; that is, biographies that are prototypical realisations of a cultural script about how young people learn and live in late modernity. In the current debate on lifelong learning in knowledge-based societies learners are interpreted in an…

  13. Sports Biographies of African American Football Players: The Racism of Colorblindness in Children's Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winograd, Ken

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory study of racism in a genre of children's literature that has been largely overlooked by research and teaching in multicultural children's literature: sports biographies and, in particular, the biographies of African American professional football players. By examining the race bias of this genre of children's literature, the…

  14. Biography, Identity, and Inquiry: The Making of Teacher, Teacher Educator, and Researcher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skerrett, Allison

    2008-01-01

    This is a self-study of my professional and cultural biography and identity, a history which directed me first toward the work of urban teaching and then into teacher education and research into comparative educational issues of racial and national identity. I use this inquiry to demonstrate how biography and identity influences the lived…

  15. Making Sense of Scientific Biographies: Scientific Achievement, Nature of Science, and Storylines in College Students' Essays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hwang, Seyoung

    2015-01-01

    In this article, the educative value of scientific biographies will be explored, especially for non-science major college students. During the "Scientist's life and thought" course, 66 college students read nine scientific biographies including five biologists, covering the canonical scientific achievements in Western scientific history.…

  16. Portraits in medical biography: Alexander Pope (1688-1744), poet, patient, celebrity.

    PubMed

    James, Douglas

    2013-11-01

    Portraits are underused in the medical biographies of patients, yet they can illuminate health concerns and even health itself in many ways. Tying portraiture and medicine together analytically yields many insights into Pope's medical biography - from his response to satirical ridicule to his friends' concern for his health - without abandoning his portraits as works of 'art'.

  17. "He Said It All in the Painting": Using Visual Art to Interpret and Create Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lea, Susan G.; Sipe, Lawrence R.; O'Loughlin, Tricia

    2011-01-01

    This article is centrally focused on teaching biography to second grade children in new and intriguing ways. In this article, the authors discuss the use of a multimodal integrated visual art and literacy curriculum in student investigations, interpretations, and writing of biography. Section one describes the wider project of conceptualizing an…

  18. Biography Today. Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Artists Series. Vol. 1, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This issue of "Biography Today" features 18 short biographies about artists in a format young readers can enjoy and understand. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights,…

  19. Portrayal of Life Form in Selected Biographies for Children Eight to Twelve Years of Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Shirley Lois

    This study describes and analyzes, in a critical literary manner, selected biographies for children eight to twelve years of age. Biographies of Jane Addams, Cesar Chavez, Mohandas Gandhi, Toyohiko Kagawa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Albert Schweitzer are viewed from the perspective of a literary criterion based on the principles of design to…

  20. Guiding Inquiry with Biography Breaks and the C3 Framework: Can One Person Make a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Terrell A.; Miner, Amy Baird

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore how teachers can use biography breaks to address the National Council of the Social Studies C3 inquiry framework and in the process meet requirements of the Common Core State Standards. We begin by illustrating and explaining biography breaks. Then we introduce the C3 framework and explain as well as…

  1. The Life and Times of...Women. A Bibliography of Women's Biographies for Use in Various Secondary School Curricular Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachmann, Gail

    Secondary teachers and librarians will find the bibliography a helpful tool for identifying women's biographies. Biographies are valuable for building reading skills, background of a subject, or personal development. These biographies are appealing to young people on the basis of subject interest, reading level, depth of detail, and writing style.…

  2. Human Progress Never Rolls in on Wheels of Inevitability: Biographies of Martin Luther King, Jr., in the Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kazemek, Francis E.

    1990-01-01

    Presents resources for teaching about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Outlines criteria for selecting biographies for children and young adults. Identifies problems in certain biographies of King, and recommends high quality biographies of King. Discusses exercises for integrating themes from King's life into the classroom. (RW)

  3. Using Biographies to Illustrate the Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Dynamics of Science

    PubMed Central

    Mori, Monica; Larson, Susan

    2006-01-01

    We describe using biographies in teaching a course about the intrapersonal and interpersonal dynamics of science, with an emphasis on the professional and personal experiences of women in science. In our course, Life of a Psychologist: Experiences of Women in Science, students examine biographies and scientific research written by female psychologists across the main research areas of psychology. Biographies by these female psychologists and research on the experiences of women scientists are used to highlight the intrapersonal and interpersonal dynamics of science. Intrapersonal dynamics refer to the changes that occur within a person, such as developing an identity as a scientist, having a voice, and achieving success. Interpersonal dynamics refer to exchanges between people, such as collaborating on research, mentorship, and balancing personal and professional lives. Qualitative data support using biographies in teaching about the dynamics of science. Suggestions for using biographies in other courses are provided. PMID:23493947

  4. Efficacy of ACA strategies in biography-driven science teaching: an investigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.

    2013-12-01

    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in Biography-driven culturally responsive teaching. Teachers College Press, New York, 2010). Strategies have been developed (Herrera, Kavimandan and Holmes in Crossing the vocabulary bridge: differentiated strategies for diverse secondary classrooms. Teachers College Press, New York, 2011) that provide teachers with instructional routines that facilitate BDI. Using systematic classroom observations we empirically demonstrate that these activate, connect, affirm, strategies are likely to be effective in increasing teachers' biography-driven practices. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  5. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual.

    PubMed

    Thing, L F; Ronglan, L T

    2015-04-01

    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal dilemmas as a former elite sportsman. The thematic text analysis orientates around social interactions, emotions, and personality constructions. Inspired by microsociology with a Durkheimian flavor of Goffman and Hochschild, themes including "face work," "interaction rituals," and "emotions management" are discussed. The analysis claims that sharing personal information in the media is not only a means of confession and reclaiming status but is also business and management - on an intimate level. Telling the story of the corrosion of a sporting character has become a hot issue, an entertainment, and not least a commercial commitment.

  6. Biographies of Romanian Physicists. Vol. 1. Outstanding Romanian Physicists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionescu-Pallas, Nicolae

    1998-01-01

    Biographies and the most important works of the following physiscists are written: Bacaloglu Emanuel (1830-1891), Farkas Gyula (1847-1930), Hepites Stefan (1851-1922), Negreanu Dimitrie (1858-1908), Bungeteanu Dimitrie (1860-1932), Miculescu Constantin (1863-1937), Hurmuzescu Dragomir (1865-1954), Donici Nicolae (1874-1956), Maior Augustin (1882-1963), Oteteleseanu Enric (1885 - 1948), Demetrescu Gheorghe (1885 - 19690, Badarau Eugen (1997-1975), Procopiu Stefan (1890-1972), Athanasiu Gheorghe (1893-1972), Marian Victor (1896-1971), Huluibei Horia (1896-1972), Proca Alexandru (1897-1955), Vencov Stefan (1899-1955), Ionescu Theodor (1899-1988), Ionescu Aurel (1902-1954), Manu Gheorghe I. (1903-1954), Herovanu Mircea (1904-1960), Agarbiceanu Ion (1907 - 1971), Titeica Serban (1908-1985), Auslander Iosif (1911-1978), Ciorascu Florin (1914-1977).

  7. Evaluation of the physical activity biography: sport and transport.

    PubMed

    Rogen, Sandra; Hofmann, Peter; Bauernhofer, Thomas; Müller, Wolfram

    2014-05-01

    Beside the genetic disposition, physical activity (PA) is one of the major health factors and can play a large role in the prevention and therapy of many diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity-related diseases etc.). In contrast to the genetic disposition, PA can be deliberately influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, it is of high importance to assess PA patterns. In order to assess PA reliably and validly, a new questionnaire (Physical Activity Biography, PAB) was created. The PAB assesses recreational PA (sport and transport) and enables to distinguish between endurance intensity levels and considers strength and high speed activity patterns throughout life. This study aims to evaluate the PAB by means of item analysis, retest-reliability and validity (criteria were physical fitness assessed by the questionnaire FFB-mot and by exercise tests). 141 participants answered the PAB. For deriving retest-reliability, 81 participants completed the PAB after a retest-interval of one month again. 55 participated in exercise tests and answered the FFB-mot to determine construct validity. Retest-reliability (ICC) above 0.7 was found for most items. For the items assessing recent PA, the criteria of convergent and discriminant validity were given. Despite the complexity of the question under study, the results fulfilled the expectations concerning reliability and validity. The PAB enables to assess the amount of sport and locomotion a person has accomplished during different life time frames and, because of the protective effects of PA on various diseases, may become an important tool for risk assessment. Key pointsThe risk of chronic diseases depends largely on physical activity biography.A new questionnaire (PAB) assessing recent and lifetime physical activity was created.The PAB assesses physical activity during sports and transport.The results of the evaluation of the PAB fulfilled the expectations.The PAB enables to determine a person's amount of recreational

  8. Evaluation of the Physical Activity Biography: Sport and Transport

    PubMed Central

    Rogen, Sandra; Hofmann, Peter; Bauernhofer, Thomas; Müller, Wolfram

    2014-01-01

    Beside the genetic disposition, physical activity (PA) is one of the major health factors and can play a large role in the prevention and therapy of many diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity-related diseases etc.). In contrast to the genetic disposition, PA can be deliberately influenced by lifestyle. Therefore, it is of high importance to assess PA patterns. In order to assess PA reliably and validly, a new questionnaire (Physical Activity Biography, PAB) was created. The PAB assesses recreational PA (sport and transport) and enables to distinguish between endurance intensity levels and considers strength and high speed activity patterns throughout life. This study aims to evaluate the PAB by means of item analysis, retest-reliability and validity (criteria were physical fitness assessed by the questionnaire FFB-mot and by exercise tests). 141 participants answered the PAB. For deriving retest-reliability, 81 participants completed the PAB after a retest-interval of one month again. 55 participated in exercise tests and answered the FFB-mot to determine construct validity. Retest-reliability (ICC) above 0.7 was found for most items. For the items assessing recent PA, the criteria of convergent and discriminant validity were given. Despite the complexity of the question under study, the results fulfilled the expectations concerning reliability and validity. The PAB enables to assess the amount of sport and locomotion a person has accomplished during different life time frames and, because of the protective effects of PA on various diseases, may become an important tool for risk assessment. Key points The risk of chronic diseases depends largely on physical activity biography. A new questionnaire (PAB) assessing recent and lifetime physical activity was created. The PAB assesses physical activity during sports and transport. The results of the evaluation of the PAB fulfilled the expectations. The PAB enables to determine a person’s amount of

  9. The Physicist and Astronomer Christoper Scheiner - Biography Letters, Works

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daxecker, Franz

    The Jesuit priest Christopher Scheiner was one of the most influential astronomers of the first half of the 17th century. He was a creative and down-to-earth natural scientist who worked in the fields of astronomy, physics, optics and ophthalmology, while following his vocations as university lecturer, church builder and pastor. In scientific matters he was Galilei's opponent. Their dispute centred on the priority of discovery in regard to the sunspots. Scheiner was not the first to discover the sunspots, but he gave the most detailed account thereofin his main work "Rosa Ursina sive Sol". He was, however, ceaseless in his defense of the geocentric system. In 1891, Anton v.Braunmühl published a biography of Father Scheiner. Ever since then, new documents have come to light, justifying the publication of a new biography. Among the documents now available is Scheiner's hitherto unknown dissertation. Notes taken during his lectures in Ingolstadt provide valuable information on astronomy using the telescope, an invention of his lifetime. His exchange of letters with personalities like Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol, with scientists like Magini, Galilei, Gassendi, Kepler and confriars Rader, Guldin, Alber, Minutuli, Cysat und Kircher is a source of precious insights. Letters to Scheiner from the Father Generals of his order display evidence of his superiors' zero tolerance for the helincentric system. They also disclose Scheiner's wish to become a missionary in China, the financial difficulties he faced while trying to find a publisher for his "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" and his personal shortcomings. A Scheiner obituary from 1650 was found in Cracow in 2001. It contains information on the troublesome last years of his life and has finally allowed us to determine the year of his birth. Scheiner's personality has been praised as well as criticized by many authors - sometimes depending on their ideological backgrounds. This holds true especially regarding the argument

  10. Nuancing 'leprosy stigma' through ethnographic biography in South India.

    PubMed

    Staples, James

    2011-06-01

    Synoptic life history accounts and case studies of people with leprosy have tended to follow conventionalised narrative forms, with the onset of leprosy causing a violent rupture in otherwise positively construed life courses. Many of those I worked with in India, well-versed in relating their stories to donor agencies, were also aware of the power of such narratives to access funding. While case studies can be informative about the politics of representation, then, they often obscure as much as they reveal about the lives of those described within them, emphasising leprosy-related stigma at the expense of other forms or drivers of social exclusion. Drawing upon a series of interviews with a leprosy affected man I have known and worked with for 25 years, this paper demonstrates how more nuanced--and, from a policy perspective, more useful--accounts might be achieved through intensive biographical interviews carried out over time. In particular, analysis of such biographies, set against the wider backdrop of ethnographic research, allows for a more subtle reading of leprosy-related stigma, contextualised in relation to a range of intersecting socio-political, cultural and economic concerns.

  11. Personality and Biography: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the History of Adult Education. Volume II: Biographies of Adult Educators from Five Continents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedenthal-Haase, Martha, Ed.

    This volume contains 36 biographies: "I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson and Radical Adult Education (AE) in Sierra Leone in the Years 1938/1939" (Turay); "Frank C. Laubach as the Father of the Adult Literacy Movement in India" (Ghosh); "A Historical Study on the Theory and Practice of Social and AE in Korea" (Lee); "Integrative Adult Educators" (Yaron);…

  12. Available sources of veterinary biographies useful in compiling contributions for an International Dictionary of Veterinary Biography(IDVB).

    PubMed

    Mathijsen, A

    2001-01-01

    In the framework of the WAHVM-project to compile an International Dictionary of Veterinary Biography, two modern tools are described that may assist the contributors to this dictionary in finding references concerning the persons of their choice. The first is the World Biographical Index (WBI), an initiative of K. G. Saur Publishing, that can be consulted in print and online as well. The index covers more than 5000 sources of biographical information of all times and regions of the world. Its 7th online-edition (www.biblio.tu-bs/de/wbi) identifies the works where information can be found on the lives of 4551 veterinarians, for the greater part of the past. The editions are regularly expanded. The second tool is a CD-ROM, published by the WAHVM, with 13.000 references to books, periodical articles and dissertations on veterinary history. More than 40% of these references have biographical relevance. The index on personal names contains more than 2700 names. Both tools are complementary because the source materials differ largely.

  13. History of colposcopy: a brief biography of Hinselmann

    PubMed Central

    Fusco, Eugenio; Padula, Francesco; Mancini, Emanuela; Cavaliere, Alessandro; Grubisic, Goran

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To consider all the historical reasons for the slow growth of colposcopy through a brief biography of Hinselmann. The history of colposcopy is beginning in March 1924. In the first experiments, colposcopic examination was almost impossible to perform because of the distance from the focus, that was no more than 80 mm. Hinselmann tried to solve this problem by pulling out the uterine cervix. The examined part is anemised by this procedure, which can prejudice the final result and a small amount of blood might leak as well. Beside that, a patient can feel pain if the portio is held by a thin forceps. The colposcopy, established in Germany, had spread throughout slowly its motherland, probably thanks to the many mistakes caused by Hinselmann himself: a technique proposed and almost exclusively intended for early discovery of cervical carcinoma;very authoritative imposition of terms, especially histological, which caused resistance by hystopathologists possibly induced by the fear of loosing their prestige who considered them too complex;his stubbornness in considering leukoplakia as precancerous lesion imposed him a lot of opponents;until the 1950's there had not yet been any adequate didactic material at the disposal of numerous gynaecologists;Hinselmann’s temper, described by Wespi as a mixture of innocence and missionary eagerness, had not prepared him for dialogue and compromise. Conclusion: It might seem surprising that colposcopy, accurate in detecting all benign lesions and initial atypical transformations, and perfectly capable of pointing safe biopsy in cases of suspicious lesions, did not develop as it should have a method whose function is of great importance in the prevention and treatment of CIN. Despite the role and the importance of cytology in the realization of the population programme of cervical cancer detection, the colposcopy allows the precise diagnosis among women with abnormal pap smears. PMID:22439022

  14. I've Got You Under My Skin: Marital Biography and Biological Risk.

    PubMed

    McFarland, Michael J; Hayward, Mark D; Brown, Dustin

    2013-04-01

    Social relationships shape adult health in profound ways. This study informs our understanding of this association by investigating how the transitions, timing, and exposures to marriage are associated with types of biological risk presumed to serve as pathways to disease and disability. Drawing on the 2005 - 2006 National Social Health and Aging Project (N = 1,062), the authors evaluated how marital biography was associated with cardiovascular, metabolic, and chronic inflammation risk. The results showed that the effects of marital biography were highly sensitive to gender, the dimension of marital biography, and type of biological risk. For example, marital exposure was protective of cardiovascular risk for women, but not men, whereas an earlier age at first marriage had a pernicious effect on chronic inflammation among men, but not women. Health behaviors did not explain these associations. The implications of these findings are discussed as they pertain to under-the-skin risk processes and chronic morbidity.

  15. Learning from Our Lives: Using Educational Biographies with Adults. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominice, Pierre

    This nine-chapter book, written in Europe by a French-speaking Swiss educator, explores the rationale for using educational biography approaches in adult education and presents examples that illustrate various uses of these life history activities. Chapter 1 provides an introduction and overview of educational biography, and Chapter 2 describes…

  16. Representacion E Identidad: Content Analysis of Latina Biographies for Primary and Preadolescent Children Published 1955-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lara, Margaret A.

    2012-01-01

    This study discusses the results of a content analysis of 75 Latina biographies for primary and pre-adolescent students that were published over a 16-year period, spanning from 1995 to 2010. Significant to this study was how Latinas were represented in the biographies and what changes can be seen over time. Using a rubric based on research by…

  17. Exploring Pre-Service Teachers' Historical Thinking through the Cooperative Biography: A Design-Based Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuentes, David A.

    2012-01-01

    Through Design-Based Research (Cobb, et al., 2003), this study explores the intended outcomes and processes of the Cooperative Biography project. This research provides an "iterative analysis" (Cobb, et al., 2003) of how pre-service teachers experienced history while engaged in a Cooperative Biography, in a teacher-education setting.…

  18. Writing Educational Biography: Explorations in Qualitative Research. Critical Education Practice; Volume 13. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, Volume 1098.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kridel, Craig, Ed.

    This collection examines many influences of biographical inquiry in education and discusses methodological issues from the perspectives of veteran and novice biographers. The section on qualitative research and educational biography contains the following chapters: "Musings on Life Writing: Biography and Case Studies in Teacher Education" (Robert…

  19. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    PubMed

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-03-01

    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version.

  20. [Sun Xi-miao in the biography of the Avatamsaka-Sutra].

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyun-Sook

    2005-12-01

    This paper aimed to introduce and examine the biography of Sun Xi-miao which I found in The Biography of The Avatamsaka-Sutra, that Fazang) wrote in 692 A.D. This document was neglected to understand Sun who was the famous medical writer of the collection of prescriptions, the Bei ji qian jin yao fang. His life is rather well documented, because he has his own biographies in Jiu Tang shu and Xin Tang shu which cited from Da Tang sin yu, published in 807. But I found several new informations about Sun in The Biography of The Avatamsaka-Sutra, such as he use to be a military medicine in the troops of Li Yuan who became the first emperor, Kao Tsu of Tang dynasty and treat Sun with great favour. This document let us know that the Bei ji qian jin yao fang was dedicated to Kao Tsu, known as published in 652 A.D. My conclusions are as follows: First, it was written by Fazang in 692 A.D, who was the real establisher of the fraternity of the Avatamsaka in China, for the purpose of encouraging to copy the Avatamsaka-Sutra. According to this biography, Sun made 750 copies to persuade the monks and the peoples, and that's the reason Fazang wrote his biography. Secondly, it was not conveyed to posterity, such as Sun was good looking, tall and use to be the medicine of Kao Tsu and dedicated his medical book to the first emperor. It might be left out for Tai Tsung's sake in the official records, who murdered his brother, the heir apparent to the throne, and became the second emperor by himself. On the contrary, it was written in Da Tang sin yu, Jiu and Xin Tang shu that Sun made a prediction that his collection of prescriptions would help the holyman after 50 years from Xuan Di of Northern Chou Dynasty. Holyman meant Tai Tsung. I shows that Sun's biographies in the Da Tang sin yu, Jiu and Xin Tang Shu were based on the documents that might be fabricated and embellished for Tai Tsung. Thirdly, this biography let us know that Sun wote the Bei ji qian jin yao fang under the

  1. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  2. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the third volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  3. Investigating How the Biographies of Today's Scientists Affect 8th Graders' Scientist Image

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karaçam, Sedat

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate how a poster study focusing on the biographies of today's scientists affected 8th graders' scientist images. The study utilized a mixed model which combined qualitative and quantitative research techniques. 142 8th graders from a secondary school in Ankara Province Keçiören District participated in the study.…

  4. The A-Maizing Corn Lab: A Geneticist's Biography Leads a Mathematics Exploration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cwikla, Julie; Patterson, Marcelle Dessommes

    2006-01-01

    This article describes an innovative lesson that uses the biography "Barbara McClintock: Alone in her Field" (Heiligman, 1994) to integrate genetics, literature, and mathematics as a context for students to investigate patterns on Indian corn. This two-day lesson requires students to estimate, collect data, identify and describe patterns,…

  5. The Psychosocial Impacts of Multimedia Biographies on Persons with Cognitive Impairments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damianakis, Thecla; Crete-Nishihata, Masashi; Smith, Karen L.; Baecker, Ronald M.; Marziali, Elsa

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this feasibility pilot project was to observe Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients' responses to personalized multimedia biographies (MBs). We developed a procedure for using digital video technology to construct DVD-based MBs of persons with AD or MCI, documented their responses to…

  6. The Interplay between Teachers' Biography and Work Context: Effects on Teacher Socialization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skerrett, Allison

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I use the process of self-reflection to examine how my biography influenced my teaching experiences in a particular school context. Drawing on these experiences and the work of scholars in this area, I contend that such self-knowledge is critical for teachers' successful socialization and retention in diverse schooling…

  7. Identity and Biography as Mediators of Science and Mathematics Faculty's Involvement in K-12 Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skerrett, Allison; Sevian, Hannah

    2010-01-01

    This article explores aspects of science and mathematics faculty identities and biographies that mediated their involvement in K-12 service. Faculty expressed five motivations for participating in K-12 service--advancing their research agenda, advocating environmental consciousness, desiring to be involved in their children's schools, aspiring to…

  8. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This book presents biographical profiles of 10 authors of interest to readers ages 9 and above and was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy and readily understand. Biographies were prepared after extensive research, and each volume contains a cumulative index, a general index, a place of birth index, and a birthday index.…

  9. Lucretia Mott: Friend of Justice. With a Message from Rosalynn Carter. Picture-book Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Kem Knapp

    An illustrated biography for children features Lucretia Mott, one of the pioneers of the movement for womens' rights. Born in 1793, Lucretia Mott was raised a Quaker; her strong spiritual beliefs underlay her outspoken advocacy of equal rights for women and blacks, and against war. Lucretia became a leader among those who wished to abolish…

  10. A Method for Understanding Their Method: Discovering Scientific Inquiry through Biographies of Famous Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairweather, Elizabeth; Fairweather, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Mendel and his peas. Goodall and her chimpanzees. Bentley and his snowflakes. Pasteur and his sheep. Not only do these stories intrigue students, but they also demonstrate the trials and tribulations associated with scientific inquiry. Using scientists' biographies piques student interest while providing an added dimension to their understanding…

  11. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1992-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This publication presents biographical profiles of people of interest to young readers. The concept is unique in that the subjects profiled are not necessarily people of great or lasting stature. Many are noted writers or public figures who have made important contributions to the current world, but a goodly number of entries are biographies of…

  12. Identity and biography as mediators of science and mathematics faculty's involvement in K-12 service

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skerrett, Allison; Sevian, Hannah

    2010-09-01

    This article explores aspects of science and mathematics faculty identities and biographies that mediated their involvement in K-12 service. Faculty expressed five motivations for participating in K-12 service—advancing their research agenda, advocating environmental consciousness, desiring to be involved in their children's schools, aspiring to improve their pedagogical practices and promoting equity and social justice.

  13. Biography Today: Sports Series. Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Volume 3, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This third volume is part of a series of biographies that profile individuals of interest to young people over the age of 9 years. The entries in this volume include Joe Dumars, basketball; Jim Harbaugh, football; Dominik Hasek, hockey; Michelle Kwan, figure skating; Rebecca Lobo, basketball; Greg Maddux, baseball; Fatuma Roba, marathon running;…

  14. Going to School with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: Gender Roles in Children's Science Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owens, Trevor

    2009-01-01

    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this…

  15. Teaching Literature Grade 9: Integrating the Communication Arts. The Biography. Experimental.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnici, Charles

    Designed to demonstrate a variety of ways in which listening, speaking, reading, and writing activities can be built around the study of biographies, this collection of materials, lessons, and activities deals with some of the most frequently taught biographical works in New York City ninth-grade classrooms. The document begins with a general…

  16. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Scientists & Inventors Series, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This book, a special volume focusing on computer-related scientists and inventors, provides 12 biographical profiles of interest to readers ages 9 and above. The Biography Today series was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual…

  17. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  18. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Comprising the sixth volume of a series, this document contains short biographies written for the young reader aged 9 and older. The series covers individuals who are of particular interest to young people: entertainers, athletes, authors, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains 10 to 12 entries that include photographs and…

  19. Time Travel Is Possible: Historical Fiction and Biography, Passport to the Past.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Nancy; Ebert, Jane

    Students must learn more than facts if history is to become meaningful for them. They do not relate to names of battles, dates of treaties, or to statistics any more than adults do. They relate to individuals, emotions, and stories that have the ability to arouse their curiosity. The use of historical fiction and biography has the potential of…

  20. Biography in the Study of Public Administration: Towards a Portrait of a Whitehall Mandarin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribbins, Peter; Sherratt, Brian

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on part of an on-going interview-based study of the eight permanent secretaries who served at the Department for Education from 1976 to 2012. Following a discussion of the relevance of biography to the study of public sector administrators, it presents a portrait of Sir Tim Lankester. Based on his own account and that of…

  1. Biography Today: Sports Series. Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, Volume 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This book is the fourth in a series of biographies on today's sports figures designed for students age 9 years and older. It contains alphabetically arranged sketches of the sports figures. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled. Bold faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth, youth, early memories,…

  2. A Short Biography of Paul A. M. Dirac and Historical Development of Dirac Delta Function

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with a short biography of Paul Dirac, his first celebrated work on quantum mechanics, his first formal systematic use of the Dirac delta function and his famous work on quantum electrodynamics and quantum statistics. Included are his first discovery of the Dirac relativistic wave equation, existence of positron and the intrinsic…

  3. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This special subject volume of biographies of authors was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and…

  4. The Gendering of Albert Einstein and Marie Curie in Children's Biographies: Some Tensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Rachel E.; Jarrard, Amber R.; Tippins, Deborah J.

    2009-01-01

    Few twentieth century scientists have generated as much interest as Albert Einstein and Marie Currie. Their lives are centrally depicted in numerous children's biographies of famous scientists. Yet their stories reflect interesting paradoxes and tacit sets of unexplored sociocultural assumptions about gender in science education and the larger…

  5. Science Is Women's Work: Photos and Biographies of American Women in the Sciences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallop, Nancy

    Girls show an early interest in science, but are deterred from pursuing science careers as they get older due to society's stereotypes. This text identifies the many women in history who have made significant contributions to all scientific fields. The volume features the biographies of Maria Mitchell (Astronomer); Ellen Richards (Chemist,…

  6. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This ninth volume of the "Biography Today Sports" series is intended to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each alphabetically-arranged sketch provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth, youth, early memories,…

  7. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This book provides biographical profiles of 11 authors of interest to readers ages 9 and above and was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Biographies were prepared after extensive research, and each volume contains a cumulative index, a general index, a place of birth index, and a birthday…

  8. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This special subject volume, "Biography Today Author Series," Volume 12, was designed to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches; each entry provides at least one photograph of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader…

  9. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the fourth volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  10. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  11. Reading and Writing Nonfiction with Children: Using Biographies to Learn about Science and Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monhardt, Rebecca

    2005-01-01

    Biographies are sometimes considered to be a bridge between fact and fiction. As students read real life accounts of the lives of scientists, they can expand their view of what kinds of things scientists do; realize that all kinds of people do science; find out how the scientific community influences the acceptance of scientific knowledge; learn…

  12. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

    The serialized reference work "Biography Today" is initiating a "Subject Series" that in five separate volumes will encompass: authors, artists, scientists, and inventors, sports figures, and world leaders. This is the first volume in the "Author Series." There will be no duplication between the regular series and the special subject volumes. This…

  13. Multiple Facets of Candidate Image Structure: Effects of the McGovern Television Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, L. Erwin; And Others

    In this comparison of the political "images" of Richard Nixon and George McGovern, public opinion data were collected on President Nixon in 1968 and 1972 and on Senator McGovern in 1972 just before and just after the television broadcast of the biography of McGovern. Changes in political attitudes toward Nixon and McGovern as a result of…

  14. Biography Today: Scientists & Inventors Series. Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Vol. 1, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This issue of "Biography Today" looks at scientists and inventors and is created to appeal to young readers in a format they can and enjoy and easily understand. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage…

  15. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, Volume 1, Issue 1, January 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This is the first issue of a new quarterly periodical designed to provide young students (9 and above) with biographies/profiles of well-known people in a story-telling format that are more appealing and interesting than those found in more comprehensive and encyclopedic biographical dictionaries. The first issue features profiles of the following…

  16. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    As with the regular issues of "Biography Today," this special subject volume on "Authors" was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each volume contains alphabetically-arranged sketches. Each entry in the volume provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and…

  17. [The road to biography: Emil Cold (1865-1953), the physician and the man in his time and his place].

    PubMed

    Høy-Nielsen, Aja

    2006-01-01

    This is a personal account of the author's search for primary sources of a biography of Emil Cold (1865-1953), a physician living and working in Esbjerg, Denmark. The work on the biography spanned several years of research, tracking down archives in soiled, pigeon-infested attics and dusty magazines, reading through local newspapers and union pamphlets, interviewing retired nurses and doctors, and establishing very inspiring contacts to the descendants of the Cold, Finsen and Lyngbye families.

  18. [T. Shevchenko in biography of physician, ethnographer and traveller M. Myklukho-Maklaĭ].

    PubMed

    Martsinkovs'kyĭ, I B

    2007-01-01

    The biography of the doctor, N. Miklukho-Maklay, a world scientist, anthropologist, ethnographer and travaller has Ukrainian roots. N. Miklukho-Maklay himself and his father knew and was interested in work of T. Shevchenko. N. Miklukho-Maklay and T. Shevchenko spoke out against colonial policy and social inequality: N. Miklukho-Maklay against racism and T. Shevchenko against the serfdom as a form of slavery.

  19. [Urology and National Socialism. Paul Rosenstein 1875-1964, the disrupted biography of a Jewish urologist].

    PubMed

    Moll, F H; Krischel, M; Rathert, P; Fangerau, H

    2011-09-01

    The biography of Paul Rosenstein (1875-1964) serves as an example of the fate of a Jewish scientist at the beginning of the twentieth century in an area of conflict between the development of urology as a specialty at greater urban hospitals, professional achievements as a surgeon and scientist, drastic breaks during Nazi era and escape from Nazi terror via New York to Brazil.

  20. Helical biography and the historical craft: the case of altruism and george price.

    PubMed

    Harman, Oren

    2011-01-01

    The life of George Price (1922-1975), the eccentric polymath genius and father of the Price equation, is used as a prism and counterpoint through which to consider an age-old evolutionary conundrum: the origins of altruism. This biographical project, and biography and history more generally, are considered in terms of the possibility of using form to convey content in particular ways. Closer to an art form than a science, this approach to scholarship presents both a unique challenge and promise.

  1. Tell me a story: MMPI responses and personal biography in the case of a serial killer.

    PubMed

    Nichols, David S

    2006-06-01

    The interpretation of MMPI (Hathaway & McKinley, 1943) profiles has emphasized a language of pathological attribution that often serves the interests of clinical description and actuarial prediction better than those of individual case formulation and an understanding of the adaptive forces involved in the production of symptomatic behavior. In this article, I illustrate a contrasting approach, one that emphasizes MMPI items and scales as instruments of personal biography, with the case of the serial murderer Jeffrey Dahmer.

  2. The many lives of Charles Darwin: early biographies and the definitive evolutionist.

    PubMed

    Lightman, Bernard

    2010-12-20

    This article focuses on the early book-length biographies of Darwin published from his death in 1882 up to 1900. By making 1900 the cutoff point I can examine the biographies produced when the iconic figure was not yet set in stone, and before the rediscovery of Mendel's work in the early twentieth century and the anniversary celebrations of 1909 changed the way in which Darwin was regarded. Darwin's biographers dealt with three major themes. First, several biographers emphasized his scientific abilities, in particular his powers of observation and his prowess in conducting experiments. Second, many biographers discussed his character, a key issue in determining whether or not he could be trusted as a scientific guide. Finally, his scientific theories and religious beliefs, and how they related to the evolutionary controversy, formed a topic taken up by most biographers. By focusing on these three themes, the biographies published before 1900 were important in shaping the image of Darwin that was forming in American and British culture.

  3. Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Ronen, Shahar; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A.

    2016-01-01

    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually verified dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually verified demographic information (place and date of birth, gender) (ii) a taxonomy of occupations classifying each biography at three levels of aggregation and (iii) two measures of global popularity including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia (L), and the Historical Popularity Index (HPI) a metric that combines information on L, time since birth, and page-views (2008–2013). We compare the Pantheon 1.0 dataset to data from the 2003 book, Human Accomplishments, and also to external measures of accomplishment in individual games and sports: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of popularity (L and HPI) correlate highly with individual accomplishment, suggesting that measures of global popularity proxy the historical impact of individuals. PMID:26731133

  4. Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies.

    PubMed

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Ronen, Shahar; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A

    2016-01-05

    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually verified dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually verified demographic information (place and date of birth, gender) (ii) a taxonomy of occupations classifying each biography at three levels of aggregation and (iii) two measures of global popularity including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia (L), and the Historical Popularity Index (HPI) a metric that combines information on L, time since birth, and page-views (2008-2013). We compare the Pantheon 1.0 dataset to data from the 2003 book, Human Accomplishments, and also to external measures of accomplishment in individual games and sports: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of popularity (L and HPI) correlate highly with individual accomplishment, suggesting that measures of global popularity proxy the historical impact of individuals.

  5. [New in the biography of a military doctor A. G. Peredelsky].

    PubMed

    Savinova, T N

    2014-11-01

    The history of activity of the Orenburg department of the Kazan society of adherents of military and sanitary knowledge is shown in article. The department existed in 1912-1914 and united officers and medical officers of the Orenburg garrison and military educational institutions. Members of Department tried to resolve the vital issues of a sanitary condition of Totsky military camp, regiments of the Orenburg military of the garrison. The department managed to publish two releases of the works. On these materials we can judge its activity. In article new data from A.G.Peredelsky's biography (1876-1940) in the period of his life in Orenburg are reported.

  6. No Time to be Brief - A scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Enz, Charles P.

    2002-11-01

    This book retraces the life of the physicist Wolfgang Pauli, analyses his scientific work, and describes the evolution of his thinking. Pauli spent 30 years as a professor at the Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich, which occupy a central place in this biography. It would be incomplete, however, without a rendering of Pauli's sarcastic wit and, most importantly, of the world of his dreams. It is through the latter that quite a different aspect of Pauli's life comes in, namely his association with the psychology of C.G. Jung and his school.

  7. Eliot Freidson: progression and constraints in the biography of an intellectual.

    PubMed

    Pereira Neto, André

    2009-01-01

    Eliot Freidson (1923-2005) is considered one of the founders of the sociology of medicine. Both his critics and admirers in the sociological and medical fields recognize his work as an international benchmark. This paper analyzes Freidson's intellectual biography without concentrating on his ideas or their transformation over the course of time. The emphasis is on the personal constraints that marked his intellectual career within a broader context, with the many different opportunities and choices. It establishes the intersection between the singular trajectory of an intellectual, and the structures, processes and events in which he was immersed and which he changed by his actions.

  8. Fishy Hearing: A Short Biography of Arthur N. Popper, PhD.

    PubMed

    Coffin, Allison B

    2016-01-01

    Biologist Dr. Arthur Popper's career spans decades, from his early work on comparative inner ear morphology in fishes to his recent interest in how underwater noise impacts aquatic vertebrates. Along the way Dr. Popper's research subjects span at least 19 vertebrate taxa, from lamprey to lungfish to humans, and he's had a profound influence in the field of fish bioacoustics. This brief biography describes some of Dr. Popper's many contributions to fish hearing research and highlights both some of his major discoveries and some of the biological mysteries he has yet to solve.

  9. Serendipity: a personal tale of two biographies, William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) and his son Ernest (1880-1966).

    PubMed

    Scott, Ann

    2015-08-01

    Between 2004 and 2012, the author wrote two biographies, the first of 20th century civil servant Ernest Gowers and the second of his father the Victorian neurologist William Richard Gowers. This article describes the author's experience conducting the research for two biographies at a time when the research tools available were rapidly shifting from paper-based to digital records. Technological aids have made the preliminary research of historians easier, but they have not taken the place of hard copy archive-based research. While the paper will focus primarily on the biography of William Richard Gowers, the author describes the research methods she employed to help reveal the personalities, strengths and weaknesses of both men, each of whom left his own intellectual legacy.

  10. Intellectual Biography in Higher Education: The Public Career of Earl J. McGrath as a Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, John Y.

    The method of writing an intellectual biography and the public career of Earl J. McGrath in the post-World War I cultural milieu are analyzed. One analytical framework is adapted from cultural anthropology and is used to describe the relationship of educational systems to other social systems and to culture as a whole. The second analytic frame,…

  11. Hindu, Muslim and Sikh Religious Education Teachers' Use of Personal Life Knowledge: The Relationship between Biographies, Professional Beliefs and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everington, Judith

    2014-01-01

    The article reports the findings of a qualitative study of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh teachers of religious education and the relationship between their biographies, professional beliefs and use of personal life knowledge in English, secondary school classrooms. This relationship was explored through a study of five beginning teachers and provided…

  12. European Religious Education Teachers' Perceptions of and Responses to Classroom Diversity and Their Relationship to Personal and Professional Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everington, Judith; ter Avest, Ina; Bakker, Cok; van der Want, Anna

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on teachers of secondary level religious education in England, Estonia, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. It presents a study of the teachers' perceptions of and responses to the diversity within their classes, in relation to their professional role and their personal and professional biographies. The study employed…

  13. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume V. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series, this collection of biographical sketches of Asian Americans who have made contributions to life in the United States profiles individuals who are role models for all children. Written at a reading level for grades five to six, the biographies feature Asian Americans of different ethnic backgrounds, exploring the…

  14. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Man of Many Hats. With a Message from John S. D. Eisenhower. Picture-Book Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deitch, Kenneth M.; Weisman, JoAnne B.

    A biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower is presented in this book for young children. Born in Denison, Texas, Eisenhower was reared on a farm in Abilene, Kansas. After graduating from Abilene High School, he went on to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. Among his many career highlights were earning the ranks of five-star general…

  15. Biography of Joan Wint: A Principal Whose Leadership for Social Justice Transformed a Rural Jamaican High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oram-Sterling, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    This biographical study features the leadership of Joan Miller Wint, now retired, who for 23 years was principal of Denbigh High School, located in a high-poverty rural area in Jamaica. In the article I examine biography as a qualitative research strategy used in "telling" the stories of women leaders; explore the influence of Wint's…

  16. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. World Leaders Series: Environmental Leaders 2. Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillstrom, Kevin, Ed.; Hillstrom, Laurie, Ed.

    This book provides biographical profiles of 11 environmental leaders of interest to readers ages 9 and above and was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Biographies were prepared after extensive research, and each volume contains a cumulative index, a general index, a place of birth index,…

  17. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. World Leaders Series: Modern African Leaders. Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This book provides biographical profiles of 16 leaders of modern Africa of interest to readers ages 9 and above and was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and easily understand. Biographies were prepared after extensive research, and this volume contains a name index, a general index, a place of birth index, and…

  18. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume IX. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Melanie; Marvis, Barbara J.; Menard, Valerie

    Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States, and whose careers and contributions cover many aspects of American life. Each person profiled is a positive role model, not only for people of…

  19. Travel as a Ritual toward Transformative Consciousness: Juxtaposing Che Guevara's Biography and Teacher Candidates' Narratives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lea, YiShan

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the development of critical consciousness by examining the biographical-narratives in relationship to the experiential accounts on travel. Biographical narratives are important cultural texts filled with history and cultural nuances. The biography of Ernesto Che Guevara has resonated with readers and viewers from around the…

  20. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume V. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  1. Using a Process of Collective Biography Writing in Higher Education to Develop an Ability to Explore, Reveal and Critically Reflect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wihlborg, Monne

    2013-01-01

    Teaching and learning are frequently treated as processes that are separate from each other, while teachers and learners are considered as disembodied entities with a neutral position towards the content which is negotiated. In collective biography writing (CBW), a very different approach is taken. Writing, reading and learning are seen as an…

  2. Dr. Howard L. Simmons: An Intellectual Biography of the First Black Executive Director of the Middle States Regional Accrediting Body

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    There is limited information on changes to accreditation standards and practices, especially related to diversity. The narrow focus of prior studies and the public's limited understanding of accreditation and its criteria have contributed to this gap in the literature. This qualitative study used intellectual biography as its framework to narrate…

  3. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume VIII. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Valerie; Cole, Melanie

    Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States, and whose careers and contributions cover many aspects of American life. Each person profiled is a positive role model, not only for people of…

  4. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume IV. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  5. Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Contemporary American Success Stories, Volume VII. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara; Cole, Melanie; Cantu, Tony

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures whose national origins range from Argentina to the United States,…

  6. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume VI. A Mitchell Lane Multicultral Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    The term "Hispanic" is an umbrella term that encompasses people from many nationalities, all races, and many social and cultural groups. Hispanics are also collectively called Latinos. The biographies in this series represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. The people featured are contemporary figures of…

  7. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume I. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    This series presents biographical sketches of famous Americans of Hispanic descent. The biographies in the projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers…

  8. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume II. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The biographies in this projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers that cover many aspects of contemporary life. Every person profiled in the series…

  9. Contemporary American Success Stories: Famous People of Hispanic Heritage. Volume III. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    The biographies in this projected eight volume series for elementary school children represent the diversity of Hispanic heritage in the United States. Those featured are contemporary figures with national origins in the United States or Latin America, with careers that cover many aspects of contemporary life. Every person profiled in the series…

  10. An Account of ... William Cullen: John Thomson and the Making of a Medical Biography.

    PubMed

    Shuttleton, David E

    2014-01-01

    John Thomson's An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen (1832; 1859) remains a primary source for the career of the most influential academic physician in eighteenth-century Scotland and is also a significant work of medical history. But this multi-authored text, begun around 1810 by the academic surgeon, John Thomson, but only completed in 1859 by Dr David Craigie, has its own complex history. This chapter addresses what this history can reveal about the development of medical biography as a literary genre. It argues that the Account is a hybrid work shaped by a complex array of practical, domestic, intellectual, and professional pressures, as Thomson, in seeking to bolster his own career, was caught between the demands of Cullen's children for a traditional "Life" and his own more theoretical and socio-cultural interests.

  11. Quest for professionalism: a biography of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal (1826-31).

    PubMed

    Shultz, S M

    2011-08-01

    This is the biography of a deceased medical journal, the North American Medical and Surgical Journal, born in 1826 in Philadelphia. It was a publication of the Philadelphia Chapter of the Kappa Lambda Society. In the prospectus of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal the promoters observed that a well-conducted journal would achieve the object of elevating the medical profession to its legitimate rank which up to that time had been the recipient of low public opinion. The Journal hoped to inculcate 'a higher standard of excellence not merely in the professional or ministrative but also in the ethical relations and duties of physicians'. After several successful and productive years it passed into history in October 1831, the victim of financial difficulty.

  12. Going to school with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: gender roles in children's science biographies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owens, Trevor

    2009-12-01

    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this paper taps this unutilized resource to cultivate a unique perspective on the history of gender and authority in science and science education. Through analysis of explicit discussions of womanhood and science and implicit gendering of Curie and Einstein's school experiences within these books, this study demonstrates that while much has changed in how these stories are framed the gender of the scientist is still central to how they are represented in children's literature.

  13. Biography, pandemic time and risk: Pregnant women reflecting on their experiences of the 2009 influenza pandemic.

    PubMed

    Lohm, Davina; Flowers, Paul; Stephenson, Niamh; Waller, Emily; Davis, Mark D M

    2014-09-01

    During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, it was identified that women in the third trimester of pregnancy were particularly at risk of serious respiratory distress. At-risk women were advised to seek vaccination, avoid contact with anyone unwell, maintain hygiene routines and stop smoking. We examine this situation of emergent and intense risk produced at the intersection of individual biography and the historical event of a public health emergency. We examine how pregnant women took account of risk, how they negotiated incomplete and at times contradictory advice and shaped courses of action that assisted them to manage the emerging terrain of pandemic threat. Public health risk management advice was endorsed, although choosing vaccination was fraught. Social distancing, too, was seen as a valuable risk moderation strategy. However, time, and specifically the intersection of individual pregnancy timelines with the pandemic's timeline, was also seen as an important risk management resource. The implications of this mix of sanctioned and temporal risk management practices are discussed.

  14. [Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu·biography of Sun Simiao].

    PubMed

    Song, Zhen-Min

    2012-09-01

    The book Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history. Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu·Sun Simiao, Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up). Jiu Tangshi·Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history, and referring to the Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao, Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao, in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi. Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal. Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao.

  15. The Uncertainty Reducing Capabilities of Primary Care Physicians' Video Biographies for Choosing a New Doctor: Is a Video Worth More Than Two Hundred Words?

    PubMed

    Perrault, Evan K; Silk, Kami J

    2016-12-01

    Choosing a primary care physician for the first time is an important decision, one that health care systems do not make particularly easy for prospective patients to make solely through the limited information provided on their websites. Without knowledge from others, a new patient is likely to have uncertainty about the physician he or she chooses. Three hundred and twenty participants completed an online experiment and were exposed to two biographies of different doctors with different media and either professional or personal information. Predictions generated by media richness theory revealed greater reductions in uncertainty for video biographies than traditional text biographies. Video biographies, and those containing personal information about the physician, were also related to higher levels of anticipated patient satisfaction and care quality. When asked to choose the physicians they would want to visit, participants overwhelmingly chose the physician with whom they perceived the greatest similarity to themselves, as well as the doctor who provided a video biography. Both theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed.

  16. Exploring the biographies of prospective science teachers: Evolving perspectives on diversity and equity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    George, Magnia Ayodele

    Science as a body of knowledge holds a highly regarded place in society. In recent years, science education has been the object of national scrutiny as the result of assessment data that indicates that the scientific literacy of students in the United States is marginal as compared to other advanced nations around the world. Students of color have been especially targeted due to the historical underrepresentation of this group in the sciences. Specifically access to a rigorous science curriculum and qualified teachers has been implicated in improving the chances of traditionally underserved students to participate and achieve in science. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives (i.e., the beliefs, knowledge, and experiences) of prospective secondary science teachers regarding a science for all reform agenda. Constructivist, critical, and feminist methodologies were used to elicit prospective teachers' views of equity in science teaching and learning as they described their experiences as science learners and prospective science teachers. The topic of multicultural science education served as a context for focus group conversations. Analysis of conversations revealed that participants' lived experiences as learners and teachers-in-the-making shape their views of science and science education, their views of issues of diversity in teaching and learning, and their views of the organizational features of schooling. A dialogic relational perspective (DRP) model that attends to biography is proposed as a means for considering the roles of teacher, student, and science in relationship to the goals of science for all. The model is presented and discussed in the context of equity pedagogy for science teacher preparation and development.

  17. A Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis (by Edward S. Lewis)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Reviewed By Harold H.

    1999-11-01

    until 1904, when he accepted a position that would not be considered a shrewd career move: Superintendent of Weights and Measures in Manila, Philippines! He was there only one year, but it was apparently a productive time, both in a minimally equipped laboratory and with the possible nascence of some of his ideas about bonding. In 1905, Lewis accepted a staff position at MIT, under A. A. Noyes, where he remained until 1912. At MIT, he continued his experimental work on thermodynamic systems and the development of modern thermodynamics, following the lead of J. W. Gibbs, whose work was being largely ignored by other chemists. As Noyes moved increasingly into administrative responsibilities, Lewis took over more and more of the supervision of scientific work in the laboratory. It was the capable job that he did for Noyes that led to his being offered a Professorship and Chair of the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. The same spirit of adventure that took Lewis to Manila may be what led to his moving to scientifically backward California. In 1912, there was no serious science going on the Left Coast, and Berkeley was isolated from the nearest civilization (Chicago) by days of travel. Lewis initiated the expansion of great science westward, not only to Berkeley, but also to Caltech (in those days Throop Institute), UCLA, and Stanford. By dint of his contributions to thermodynamics and bonding theory (suggesting that electrons bond in pairs, long before there was quantum mechanical justification for such a strange idea), and his organizational and leadership talents, he turned the Berkeley Chemistry Department from a nonentity into one of the finest anywhere. Later in his career, he contributed to the understanding of the role of isotopes in chemistry and physics. This biography includes a useful listing of Lewis's 168 scientific publications. In an age when many renowned scientists have multiples of this number, it is perhaps good to be

  18. Developing biographies: the experiences of children, young people and their parents of living with a long-term condition.

    PubMed

    Bray, Lucy; Kirk, Sue; Callery, Peter

    2014-07-01

    This article reports on data from a qualitative interview study that sought to understand the experiences, choices and actions of children and young people undergoing surgery for a long-term condition and that of their parents. Using the concept of biography the article examines how the biographies of children, young people and their parents can be influenced by surgery and the ongoing management of a long-term continence condition. This article challenges previous work that characterises the presence of a condition from birth as a continuous and normal part of the illness experiences of these patients. Although this may be the case in some instances, children, young people and their parents can experience diverse and changing experiences associated with ongoing condition management as well as surgery. Biographical continuity, enrichment and disruption are all relevant concepts for such patients living with a long-term continence condition. These can be influenced by their previous experiences of their condition, their expectations, and dynamics with parents, including changes associated with development and the increasing independence of young people.

  19. READING FOR THE GIFTED--GUIDED EXTENSION OF READING SKILLS THROUGH LITERATURE. PART 2, APPRECIATING THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF SCIENCE THROUGH BIOGRAPHY...

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PENROSE, ROBERT; AND OTHERS

    THIS TEACHING GUIDE IS DESIGNED FOR USE WITH GIFTED PUPILS AT GRADES FIVE AND SIX WHO ARE READING TWO OR MORE LEVELS ABOVE THEIR GRADE PLACEMENT. THE GUIDE ALSO PROVIDES GUIDANCE FOR THE STUDY OF BIOGRAPHY THROUGH SCIENCE LITERATURE. SUCH READING SKILLS AS ANALYZING THE AUTHOR'S PURPOSE, HIS ORGANIZATION, PERSONALITY AND STYLE, UNDERSTANDING…

  20. Using Read-Alouds of Grade-Level Biographies and Systematic Prompting to Promote Comprehension for Students with Moderate and Severe Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mims, Pamela J.; Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a modified system of least intrusive prompts on text-dependent listening comprehension for four middle-school-aged students with intellectual disability and autism during read-alouds of adapted grade-level biographies. A system of least intrusive prompts was modified by inserting a rule…

  1. Las Mujeres: Mexican American/Chicana Women. Photographs and Biographies of Seventeen Women from the Spanish Colonial Period to the Present. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruthsdotter, Mary

    This booklet presents the lives of 17 Mexican American women and institutions that have made significant contributions to Mexican society from past to present day culture. The biographies cover the following women and institutions: Eulalia Arrila de Perez, Dona Maria del Carmen Calvillo, Jovita Idar, Maria Hernandez, Alicia Dickerson Montemayor,…

  2. The Mysterious Case of the Pervasive Choice Biography: Ulrich Beck, Structure/Agency, and the Middling State of Theory in the Sociology of Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodman, Dan

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the emergence of the concept of choice biography, as it is linked to the work of Ulrich Beck, in youth research. The concept has been called a current pervasive theoretical orthodoxy. However, this article argues that the concept is most often taken up to critique, and Beck used mostly as a foil, through arguing that he…

  3. "Nostalgia for What Cannot Be": An Interpretive and Social Biography of Stuart Hall's Early Years in Jamaica and England, 1932-1959

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Annette

    2015-01-01

    Much has been written about Stuart Hall's intellectual and theoretical contributions especially after the mid-1960s. This interpretive and social biography places Stuart Hall's life from 1932 to 1959 in a socio-historical context, beginning with his childhood in Jamaica and his early years in England. I draw on Hall's own biographical reflections…

  4. The Effectiveness of the Curriculum Biography of the Prophet in the Development of Social Intelligence Skills of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Khateeb, Omar; Alrub, Mohammad Abo

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to find out how the effectiveness of the curriculum biography of the Prophet in the development of social intelligence skills of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University students and the study sample consisted of 365 students from Al-Hussein Bin Talal University for the first semester 2014-2015 students were selected in accessible manner.…

  5. Book Review: No time to be brief: a scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli. Charles P. Enz; Oxford University Press, New York, 2002, pp. 581, price US 60.00, £35.00, ISBN 0-19-856479-1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Straumann, N.

    2004-09-01

    Charles Enz, the author of this first scientific biography of Wolfgang Pauli, was the last of a prestigious chain of Pauli assistants, during the last two years until Pauli's untimely death in December 1958. Friends and colleagues of Charles Enz had known for a long time that he was preparing a Pauli biography, but only after his retirement as a professor for theoretical physics at the University of Geneva he was able to devote all his time to this demanding endeavor.

  6. Human and animal health on three continents--a biography of the early life of Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974).

    PubMed

    Pospischil, Andreas

    2015-08-01

    Karl Friedrich Meyer (KF) was born and educated as a veterinarian in Europe; he researched infectious diseases in Europe, South Africa and the United States. He is one of the true forefathers of the 'one health-one medicine' concept. The broad scope of his research covered botulism, leptospirosis, brucellosis, plague, ornithosis, Western equine encephalitis, mussel poisoning and clostridia. This manuscript adds some more details of his early biography.

  7. Scientific biography, cognitive deficits, and laboratory practice. James McKeen Cattell and early American experimental psychology, 1880-1904.

    PubMed

    Sokal, Michael M

    2010-09-01

    Despite widespread interest in individual life histories, few biographies of scientists make use of insights derived from psychology, another discipline that studies people, their thoughts, and their actions. This essay argues that recent theoretical work in psychology and tools developed for clinical psychological practice can help biographical historians of science create and present fuller portraits of their subjects' characters and temperaments and more nuanced analyses of how these traits helped shape their subjects' scientific work. To illustrate this thesis, the essay examines the early career of James McKeen Cattell--an influential late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century experimental psychologist--through a lens offered by psychology and argues that Cattell's actual laboratory practices derived from an "accommodation" to a long-standing "cognitive deficit." These practices in turn enabled Cattell to achieve more precise experimental results than could any of his contemporaries; and their students readily adopted them, along with their behavioral implications. The essay concludes that, in some ways, American psychology's early twentieth-century move toward a behavioral understanding of psychological phenomena can be traced to Cattell's personal cognitive deficit. It closes by reviewing several "remaining general questions" that this thesis suggests.

  8. Georgiy Girichev biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belova, Natalya; Oberhammer, Heinz; Shlykov, Sergey

    2017-03-01

    Georgiy Girichev was born on 13th January 1947 in Moscow, USSR. After he graduated from high school in Ivanovo in 1965 he entered a newly opened speciality "Chemical technology of electrovacuum materials" at Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology (ISUCT).

  9. Biography and License

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novitz, David

    2001-01-01

    What are the moral limits of artistic license? A strong case can be made for the view that there are none; that in viewing works of art people should resist ethical criticism, and, "a fortiori," resist moral strictures on the artist's inventiveness. This view has recently been defended by Richard Posner, who argues that people should not expect…

  10. BIOGRAPHIES OF SOVIET SCIENTISTS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Contents: U. M. Akhmedsafin, A. B. Aleksanyan, M. G. Contents: U. M. Akhmedsafin, A. B. Aleksanyan, M. G. Anan’ev, S. V. Anichkov, A. E. Arbuzov, I ... I . Buyakas, E. I . Chaika, A. V. Dzhorbenadze, Ya. P. Frumkin, S. F. Kal’fa, N. N. Kalmykov, A. M. Kirkhenshtein, V. I . Konstantinov, L. F. Larionov, A...V. lebedenskii, A. F. Lepukal’n, M. Martsinkyavichyus, V. Malyanovskii, Ya. K. Muminov, I . A. Piontkovskii, F. Y. Roze, (Be havioral Sciences

  11. Camillo Golgi's scientific biography.

    PubMed

    Mazzarello, P

    1999-08-01

    Born in Corteno, a tiny village in the province of Brescia, Camillo Golgi studied at the University of Pavia where he graduated in medicine in 1865 under the guidance of the psychiatrist Cesare Lombroso who sparked his vocation to study the brain. Golgi then began to learn histological techniques under the direction of the pathologist Giulio Bizzozero. In 1872 he moved to Abbiategrasso as chief of a hospital for chronic diseases. In a rudimentary laboratory he developed the silver-bichromate staining technique, the 'black reaction', which was a breakthrough for nervous tissue structure research. While in Abbiategrasso Golgi demonstrated the branching of the axons, and observed striatal and cortical lesions in a case of chorea. He returned to Pavia as Professor of Histology and General Pathology, and made a series of important discoveries that still bear his name: the Golgi tendon organ, the Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscles, another Golgi method to stain nerve cells based on the use of potassium dichromate and mercuric chloride, the canaliculi of the parietal cells of the gastric glands (Muller-Golgi tubules), the Golgi-Rezzonico myelin's annular apparatus (or Golgi-Rezzonico horny funnels), the cycle of malarian parasites (Golgi cycle), the relationship between recurrent malarian fever bouts and the multiplication of the Plasmodium in the blood (Golgi law), the relationship between the vascular pole of the Malpighian glomerulus and the distal tubule, the Golgi's pericellular nets and finally, and most importantly, the cytoplasmic 'internal reticular apparatus' (Golgi apparatus). In 1906 Golgi was awarded the Nobel prize for Medicine or Physiology. He died in Pavia on 21 January 1921.

  12. Biography of Hideki Yukawa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, Humitaka

    2008-06-01

    Life history of Hideki Yukawa is described, together with that of Sin-itiro Tomonaga. They grew upiin Kyoto city and were classmate. Their independency and collaboration had contributed to the growth of physics research in Japan after the end of WWII.

  13. Biography as an art form: the story of Helen Flanders Dunbar, M.D., Ph.D., B.D., and Med. Sci. D.

    PubMed

    Hart, Curtis W

    2014-06-01

    Helen Flanders Dunbar (1902-1959) was a physician, medieval and Renaissance scholar, theologian, and founder of the American Psychosomatic Society and its journal Psychosomatic Medicine. Her contributions are not currently well known but deserve recognition from all those involved or interested in the dialogue between medicine and spirituality. This essay explores Dunbar's personal history and professional achievements. It focuses particular attention on a feminist perspective regarding her life and work. It will conclude with a discussion of how biography, as an art form, transforms both author and audience. This essay was originally presented as the Second Annual J.R. Williams Memorial Lecture on Spirituality and Medicine at the Tulane School of Medicine in fall 2013.

  14. [Migration biography and culture as determinants of diagnostic and therapeutic processes in mentally ill immigrants. A systematic differentiation based on a qualitative content analysis of treatment courses].

    PubMed

    Behrens, Katharina; Calliess, Iris Tatjana

    2008-01-01

    A systematic differentiation of culture- in contrast to migration-related influence factors in diagnostic and therapeutic processes is introduced. "Culture-related" refers to characteristics caused by values, behavior norms and religious attitudes of the ethnic community a person belongs to. "Migration-specific" refers to consequences of moving one's residence from one country to another (e. g., absence of family, trouble with authorities concerning the legal status or ambivalence with respect to returning to the home country). Based on a theoretic background of these determinants, categories for a content analysis were defined and applied to the treatment records of n = 55 first generation immigrants treated in a psychiatric day clinic of an university hospital. The results suggest that migration biography should not only be considered as affecting vulnerability in the genesis of a mental illness, but rather be classified as a factor of at least as much relevance for therapeutic situations as the usually named cultural diversity: summarizing the results of the qualitative content analysis of the entire treatment courses more cases were influenced by migration specific aspects rather than culture specific aspects.

  15. American Religious Leaders. American Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Timothy L.

    Founded on the principle of religious pluralism, the United States comprises scores of religious traditions. Although the spiritual lives of most people throughout the nation's history are private and undocumented, an examination of the lives and influence of U.S. religious leaders offers insights into the religious heritage of the United States.…

  16. American Political Leaders. American Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Richard L.

    The men and women profiled in this book spring from diverse backgrounds. Each was elected or appointed to his or her position, and all have wielded political leadership in ways that have had a profound impact on the lives of their fellow citizens. The book highlights the lives and achievements of 250+ individuals with the qualities to have become…

  17. Educational Biography of an Arakmbut.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sueyo, Hector

    2003-01-01

    An indigenous Peruvian sociologist of the Arakmbut people describes his educational experiences, including Harakmbut education for survival in the Peruvian rainforest, primary education in a village school with a national "Spanified" curriculum, scholarships that enabled an academic secondary and higher education outside the rainforest,…

  18. What do we know about the medical biography of Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)? A summary of the state of knowledge and outlook on relevant issues for further research.

    PubMed

    Vatanoglu-Lutz, E Elif; Hot, Inci; Coban, Mustafa

    2013-08-01

    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Turkish republic, is the subject of many more or less 'heroic' biographies and few critical ones. His anamnesis, however, is only available in fragments. Many books omit details of Atatürk's health and life, for example his bloodline, his illness and eventually his death, his funeral prayer and ceremony and his burial. His liver problem, diagnosed as cirrhosis and said to be the cause of his death, is well described but his general health and other sicknesses are scarcely recorded. This paper provides an overview of his anamnesis as far as it is known, the literature describing it and the level of knowledge generally published, and it also indicates where original research in the archives is needed to complete the picture.

  19. Explaining Today's Physics Through History and Biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindley, David

    2014-03-01

    Quantum computers, string theory, holographic universes - to the general audience, today's physics can be as mystifying as it is fascinating. But modern ideas evolved from an earlier phase of physics - Newtonian mechanics, simple cause and effect - that is in principle easier for the non-expert to grasp. I have found that writing about physics from a historical and biographical perspective is an effective way to convey modern thinking by explaining where it comes from - it is a way of carrying the reader from concepts that make intuitive sense to ideas that seem, on first encounter, utterly bizarre. Smuggling explanations into stories satisfies the reader's desire for narrative - bearing in mind that narrative can include the evolution of ideas as well as tales about intriguing and original people.

  20. Biography of Dr. John L. Fryer

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fryer, John L.

    2001-01-01

    from his laboratory at Oregon State University (OSU) has spanned the disciplines of virology, parasitology, bacteriology, cell biology, immunology and fish physiology, resulting in more than 200 publications, two patents and recognition as one ofthe world's leading centres for research on infectious diseases of salmonid fish.

  1. An Intellectual Biography of Ivan Illich.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inman, Patricia L.

    This treatise on Ivan Illich, historian, philosopher, educator, and social critic, has less to do with the details of Illich's life than with his thought over the past three decades. The first section of each chapter (1-3) provides a brief biographical sketch of Illich during the decades 1968-1978, 1978-1988 and 1988-1998 and a discussion…

  2. Abraham Pais Prize: Physics, History, and Biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cassidy, David C.

    2014-03-01

    Each of these fields differs in obvious and not so obvious ways from the others in terms of goals, methods, purposes, and perspectives. Yet each also holds much in common with the others. Having worked in these fields and crossed the boundaries between them, I will explore in this talk not only the similarities and differences I have encountered on this journey, but also my growing appreciation of how these fields together provide a unified perspective on physics as a science and a disciple and as a vital component of our broader human culture.

  3. Biographies: Creating Timelines of a Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egawa, Kathryn

    The reading program described in this lesson plan supports students' exploration of multiple sources to create a timeline about the life of a person of their choosing and requires students to work together and to research and resolve potentially conflicting pieces of information about the life they research. During three 40-minute lessons,…

  4. American Social Leaders and Activists. American Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Neil A.

    This book recounts the efforts of a diverse and representative group of the most significant, prominent, controversial, and interesting U.S. men and women to have attempted to change society from colonial times to the present. The book offers a broad view of reform and reformers, with 285+ entries on individuals who challenged, if not always…

  5. Supreme Court Biographies as a Classroom Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John Paul

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author goes beyond Supreme Court decisions to investigate the upbringing and personalities of three Supreme Court justices who left their mark on history: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Sandra Day O'Connor. His interviews with their biographers, G. Edward White for Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Juan Williams…

  6. Reinventing richard goldschmidt: reputation, memory, and biography.

    PubMed

    Dietrich, Michael R

    2011-01-01

    Richard Goldschmidt was one of the most controversial biologists of the mid-twentieth century. Rather than fade from view, Goldschmidt's work and reputation has persisted in the biological community long after he has. Goldschmidt's longevity is due in large part to how he was represented by Stephen J. Gould. When viewed from the perspective of the biographer, Gould's revival of Goldschmidt as an evolutionary heretic in the 1970s and 1980s represents a selective reinvention of Goldschmidt that provides a contrast to other kinds of biographical commemorations by scientists.

  7. Robert Frost and the Uses of Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lewis H., Jr.

    The persona Robert Frost communicated to most of his wide, diverse, and often non-academic audience was that of a rather isolated New England farmer, who--because of his limited experience with city folk and urban living--was untouched and thereby uncorrupted by the ways of the world. In teaching Frost, as in teaching any poet, some sort of…

  8. Second Birth--Biography: Kalashnikov, M. T.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-06-14

    Now specialists would look at the instrument. The train arrived in Kiev in the morning. Comnand headquarters were not -20- far from the station . They...student that he sbould walk along the avenues . thought Kalashnikov. On his way from the station to the factory he hadn’t been able to look at the city...voice said: P’Document check." Two soldiers in overcoats with raspberry -colored insignia efficientily looked through leave papers and passports of

  9. Murray Gell-Mann -- a Scientific Biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fritzsch, Harald

    2011-11-01

    Murray Gell-Mann is one of the most outstanding scientists of the last century. At this conference on the occasion of his 80th birthday, the important scientific achievements of Gell-Mann will be discussed. I shall describe in particular his contributions to particle physics. Murray's father Arthur Gell-Mann grew up in Czernowitz, a city once belongs to the Austrian empire. Today, Czernowitz belongs to the Ukraine. Arthur Gell-Mann studied in Vienna and came to the United States in 1911. He lived and worked in New York, where he became the owner of a language school and married Pauline Reichstein...

  10. [A short biography of Ashihara Kengyo].

    PubMed

    Oura, Hiromasa

    2005-03-01

    Ashihara Kengyo was one of the most famous acupuncturists of the latter part of the Edo period. He wrote the book Shindo Happi on acupuncture theory. He was blind, but he was unrivaled when it came to acupuncture. As a result, he became the medical doctor for the feudal government and treated the shogun Tokugawa Ienari and many daimyos.He was a descendant of Kiso Yoshinaka, who was a famous samurai of the Kamakura era. Thus he re-established the Kiso family name, and always held a service for his ancestors.I investigated the history of Ashihara Kengyo, on the basis of the data I found on "Kisoshi Karoku". As a result, I discovered a wooden statute of him and many related historical spots.

  11. Slovenian Pre-Service Teachers' Prototype Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipovec, Alenka; Antolin, Darja

    2014-01-01

    In this article we apply narrative methodology to the study of pre-service elementary teachers' school-time memories connected to mathematics education. In the first phase of our empirical study we asked 214 Slovenian pre-service teachers to write their mathematical autobiographies. On the basis of the mathematical autobiographies we constructed a…

  12. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.

    2010-08-01

    Peter Eklund grew up in Southern California and attended the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in physics. After working for one year at the Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California, he left to pursue graduate studies at Purdue University. There he carried out PhD research in strongly correlated electron and phonon systems under the supervision of J M Honig and L L van Zandt. Peter joined the group of Millie and Gene Dresselhaus at MIT in 1974 as a Postdoctoral Fellow after one year as an instructor at the University of Kentucky. At MIT, he continued work on strongly correlated systems in collaboration with Professor David Adler (who had an adjoining office), but for the most part he got excited about sp2 carbon systems and graphite intercalation compounds, a new research direction which the Dresselhaus group had started one year before Peter's arrival at MIT. Over the next 35 years Peter, Millie and Gene co-authored over 50 research articles, several review articles, and a big nine-hundred-and-fifty page book. In 1974, they saw graphite intercalation compounds as a long-neglected research direction of great promise. They studied these new materials together over the next 16 years, focusing on their optical spectroscopy. Their pioneering vibrational spectroscopy studies provided a means to characterize the fundamental properties of carbon materials. Optical spectroscopy became a centerpiece in the research portfolios of all three, both when they were together at MIT and after Peter left for the University of Kentucky in 1977 to start his independent career as an Assistant Professor of Physics. Peter became a full Professor at Kentucky in 1986. He continued to work with Millie and Gene and also acquired an ever-expanding network of students, postdocs and collaborators. As each new carbon nanostructure emerged—graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and most recently graphene—Peter was at the cutting edge, leading the charge forward. His work on fullerenes, starting around 1988, culminated in a book co-authored with Millie and Gene in 1996, The Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes [1]. Through careful sample handling and analysis, his group at Kentucky discovered the mechanism of photo-polymerization in fullerenes. In 2000, Peter co-edited the research monograph Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites with A M Rao, a former student [2]. His group at Kentucky also performed the first definitive Raman study of the phonons responsible for superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerene compounds. Peter was awarded the prestigious University of Kentucky Research Professorship for his contributions to graduate education and research discoveries in carbon materials. In the summer of 1991, Peter held early discussions with his two long-time collaborators on the possibility of carbon nanotubes. These discussions inspired a talk by Millie at a fullerene workshop the next day concerning the possible existence of single-walled carbon nanotubes [3]. The first papers by Iijima on the synthesis of multiwalled nanotubes appeared soon thereafter [4]. In 1994, Peter measured an early Raman spectrum on a sample containing just 1% of single-walled tubes. On the basis of this early work, he convinced Rick Smalley to provide him with a proper sample of single-walled carbon nanotubes in 1996; this is the sample on which the highly cited single-walled carbon nanotube Raman spectrum was taken [5]. Carbon nanotubes then became a central focus of the Eklund group. Peter, Millie and Gene worked together on many aspects of carbon nanotubes, including the study of infrared-active modes, Raman active modes, Raman spectra for single-walled nanotubes, and the differences in the Raman spectra of semiconducting and metallic tubes. In 2009 they combined efforts to investigate phonons in graphene. Peter was also an entrepreneur. He started a company, CarboLex, to make and sell nanotubes in large quantities, thereby giving industrial support to advancing fundamental science. He co-founded two additional companies: PhotoStealth produced computer-generated camouflage patterns printed on textiles and ICMR pursued laser-driven synthesis of nanoparticles and coatings. ICMR moved from Lexington to Silicon Valley and evolved into Nanogram, later reorganized as NeoPhotonics. Both CarboLex and NeoPhotonics are still actively engaged in the research and development of nano-materials. Peter joined the Physics Department at Penn State University in 1999, becoming a Distinguished Professor in 2008. In 2002, he also joined the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In addition to further seminal work on carbon materials, Peter initiated a research effort in semiconducting nanowires, obtaining the first clear evidence of phonon confinement in 1D nanostructures. After the Novoselov-Geim work on monolayer graphene appeared, once again Peter Eklund was there to publish very early Raman spectra on monolayer, bilayer and few-layer graphene. Thus, the work of Peter Eklund unfolds the leading wave of discoveries in carbon nanostructures starting in 1974 and continuing over a thirty-five year period to August 2009. Peter mentored more than 40 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He co-authored over 300 research articles and more than 20 chapters in monographs. His scientific oeuvre has been cited more than 16 000 times. Peter acquired three US patents with five more pending. He was recognized with the Japan Carbon Award (2008), the American Carbon Society Graffin Award (2005), American Physical Society Fellowship (1990), and visiting/honorary professorships in Nankai University, Yokohama City University, Shinshu University, Tokyo Science University, and (as a visiting scientist) in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences. Peter enjoyed challenges. He was in his glory while interpreting the stories told by experimental data in partnership with his colleagues and research team of dedicated postdocs and students. Peter was admired all over the world for his creativity, his kindness, his engaging personality, his breadth of interests, his sensitive character and his quick wit. Several friends have shared their memories: Kumble Subbaswamy (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter, along with Karen, were the gentlest and most generous souls I have ever met. He picked up stray dogs and stray graduate students alike, nurturing them through sickness and health. I will never forget the hospice-like care he provided to one international student who worked in his lab, but succumbed to cancer. In his early days at Kentucky, when funds to support his research were very scarce, he made frequent visits to the military surplus store nearby and behaved like a kid in a candy store, bringing back all sorts of electrical and mechanical parts for his experiments. It is in no small measure due to this ability that he built such a successful career. Peter was without peer when it came to instrument design and fabrication. I mentioned to him, during my job interview at the University of Kentucky (where he arrived one year before me), my interest in studying the Raman spectra of molten alkali halides. Several months later when I arrived on campus, I was surprised to find he had constructed a beautifully crafted Raman chamber supporting a contactless molten sample! He had anticipated and addressed every possible complication.' Qihua Xiong (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore): 'Peter was a great mentor; he knew how to stimulate students to explore their full potential. Students could knock on his door with questions or with new data any time. He was always patient. He explained physics with his fountain pen on a notepad or with a marker on a white board until students understood. When students made mistakes, he never blamed the student, because he believed it is part of training to allow students to make mistakes. I once designed a mask adapter to connect our existing three-inch photomasks to Srinivas's four-inch mask aligner. The design looked beautiful and the machine shop did a perfect job to machine and polish the piece. Unfortunately, I made a stupid mistake. The central opening was slightly larger than the square vacuum groves behind the mask holder and as a result, it leaked! I was very disappointed in myself, as I not only wasted grant money but also delayed our experiment. Peter patted my shoulder, picked up a sharpie and wrote on the mask adapter, 'even great people make mistakes, but they learn.' So we machined another one, and it worked well. This failure piece still stands on my bookshelf. I keep it as a motto: it warns me not to make any mistakes like that, but more importantly it encourages me to be a supervisor like Peter.' Joe Brill (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter's occasional impetuousness and his love of physics are illustrated by the following anecdote. In December, 1979, I had just joined the faculty at the University of Kentucky, excited about the prospect of collaborating with Peter, who had arrived two years before. I was, therefore, dumbfounded when Peter abruptly announced his resignation to join IBM to do research on printer ink. After less than two days at IBM, however, he sheepishly asked to come back to the UK, explaining that he couldn't enjoy doing research that didn't involve 'h-bar'. His UK colleagues, who had not even had the chance to raid his lab, of course agreed with great amusement and relief. His joy and enthusiasm for physics remained contagious and unforgettable.' Milton Cole (Penn State University, USA): 'Somehow my very last conversation with Peter, two days before his death, typified the hundreds of conversations we had about science, or even philosophy. His first words after greeting me consisted of a hypothetical explanation of the physical mechanism of a new intravenous tube he was obliged to use. He conveyed on that occasion the very same excitement that he displayed years earlier when he volunteered to present a demonstration of electrical circuitry to a group of third-grade students. Those eight-year olds became as enthusiastic as Peter. It is no wonder that Peter was so admired and loved.' Jackie Bortiatynski (Penn State University, USA): 'I loved working with Peter on summer science camps for kids. He was creative, funny, brilliant, and an inspiration. I just don't know where he got all his energy. I will truly miss him as a colleague.' Toshiaki Enoki (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan): 'Peter was very serious in his research work, but he also had an amiable personality with a very good sense of humour. I remember the occasion of a small international workshop, which was chaired by me in Ise, Japan in 1985. We had serious and intensive discussions in the scientific session, then in the evening we enjoyed an excursion and banquet in Ise, a small old town with a famous shrine named Ise Jingu. Peter romped out with joy wearing yukata (Japanese traditional night clothes) after taking a hot spring.' Robert Haddon (University of California, Riverside, USA): 'Peter was the driving force in creating a position for me at the University of Kentucky in 1997. After I joined Kentucky, we immediately focused on the large-scale synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes and we became one of a handful of research groups that could produce single-walled nanotubes in quantity. Soon after, we founded CarboLex and the university was awarded an NSF MRSEC on Advanced Carbon Materials. For most of the time that I spent at Kentucky, our research groups met as a unit and our collaboration greatly assisted me in making the transition to academia. Above all, Peter was a physicist in very much the same tradition as the great colleagues that I had been privileged to work with at the Bell Labs. Peter and Karen made me welcome in their home from the time I arrived in Lexington and I have fond memories of the time we spent together.' Photo Keith Williams (University of Virginia, USA): 'In 1993, Peter introduced me, in the dark, to his postdoc Apparao Rao, who was then doing Raman on C60 at Kentucky. I thought it was pretty interesting and that was how I began working for Peter. I was an exile from high-energy physics: the SSC had just been canceled and I had drifted in and out of biophysics and AMO and finally settled on Peter's brand of experimental nanomaterials physics. I immediately enjoyed Peter's ingenuity and his wonderful sense of humour. One aspect of Peter's character not widely appreciated by his students was his thrift: if something could be made, borrowed (with or without consent), or used after-hours then he always advocated that strongly. More than once, we got demo equipment, ran an all-nighter on it to collect data and then sent it back a day later. Almost nothing was bought off the shelf! Peter attributed these tendencies to his ancestry, and that was an unending joke between us. Of course, the strategy of making every penny count benefited me greatly in the long run, and last year I told him I had outdone him in my lab: almost everything was built from scratch, and everything else was on loan. He smiled a proud smile. On the personal side, however, Peter was always very generous; I fondly recall the dinners with him and Karen and the other students, their beloved dogs, with the Beach Boys inevitably playing in the background. Peter and Karen were wonderful to me and so many other students, and it didn't surprise me at all to learn that Peter's last scientific concern was that a proposal had been funded and that his students were going to be okay.' Kenichi Kojima (Yokohama City University, Japan): 'In 1997, Peter came to Yokohama as a Guest Professor at Yokohama City University to give his lectures to our graduate students. Peter was an excellent lecturer, of course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the first 25 of these years, overlapping with his stay at the University of Kentucky. As his career developed, our relationship changed from a postdoctoral advisor, to a collaborator, friend, and confidant. After his mother passed away I assumed the role of his 'second mother' as he called me. We remained very close personally, even though far away in location and despite his many other professional collaborators. Looking to the future, life without Peter will never be the same.' References [1] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, and Eklund P C 1996 Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (New York: Academic Press) [2] Eklund P C and Rao A M 1999 Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene-Polymer Composites (Springer Series in Materials Science vol 38) (Berlin: Springer) [3] Dresselhaus M S 1991 Recent advances in electronic materials Proc. of the 38th Sagamore Army Mater. Res. Conf. (Watertown, MA, Materials Technology Laboratory) ed Thomas V Hynes p 45 [4] Iijima S 1991 Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon Nature 354 56-8 [5] Rao A M, Richter E, Bandow S, Chase B, Eklund P C, Williams K W, Fang S, Subbaswamy K R, Menon M, Thess A, Smalley R E, Dresselhaus G and Dresselhaus M S 1997 Diameter-selective Raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes Science 275 187-91

  13. Interpreting Biography in the History of Education: Past and Present

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jane

    2012-01-01

    At the time I began work in university, I entered a world which was leisured, privileged and patriarchal, in the United Kingdom at least...I came from a world in which only 3% of the population aspired to university. I belonged to a world in which, having got where I was through the eleven-plus and "A" levels, there was almost a sense…

  14. Computer Cache. Celebrating Women: History, Biographies, and Museums

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column shares a host of websites that feature resources about women in history, famous women, and women's contributions. These websites can be used all year long, as well as in conjunction with Women's History Month in March,

  15. Interview with Michael Apple: The Biography of a Public Intellectual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Michael W. Apple is the John Bascom Professor of Curriculum and Instruction and Educational Policy Studies in the Departments of Curriculum and Instruction (CI) and Educational Policy Studies (EPS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education where he has taught since 1970. Michael Apple is one of the foremost educational theorists…

  16. Biography of Mădhavakara: his scholarly contribution.

    PubMed

    Subhose, Varanasi; Srinivas, Pitta; Narayana, Ala

    2005-01-01

    Mădhavakara, the author of renowned work on 'Nidăna-Rŏgaviniścaya', popularly known as Mădhava Nidăna. It may be the first or earliest compendium detailed description of the diseases based on Nidăna Pancăkam (Five groups of subjects concerned to aetio-pathogenesis). He was the son of Indukara according to the colophon of a manuscript of Văcaspati's commentary on Mădhava Nidăna. He is probably lived between 700-800 A.D., because he is quoted by Vrnda, who belongs to 8th century A.D. The book Mădhava Nidăna was translated in to Arabic as evidenced by the writings of Ali Ibn Sahl 849-850 A.D. and other Arabic authors. Hence, he probably lived between 700-800 A.D. Madhava Nidana is a popular work on Nidăna (aetiopathogenesis) and it is the best in the field of ayurvĕda. "Nidăne Mădhavam srestah" and it is popularly known by the name of the author, but the title of the work is "Rugviniscaya" or "Rŏgaviniscăya". The subject matter explained in 73 chapters. The 1st chapter deals with Nidănapancakam and the other chapter's deals with diseases. The major contribution of Mădhava is the new order of arranging diseases, description of new diseases and recognizing some disorders as independent diseases. The other works attributed to Mădhava are Mădhavacikitsă, Paryăyaratnamăla etc. The important commentaries on Madhavanidana are "Madhukŏśa" by Vijayarakşita and Srĭkaņţhadatta and "Atankadarpana" by Vidyavăcaspati. The work is translated into English, Italian, Hindi, Bengali, Telugu etc., including some regional languages of India.

  17. Etienne-Jules Marey: a short biography and appreciation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haddleton, Graham P.

    2003-07-01

    As a "son" of Beaune it seems appropriate to give a short appreciation of the work of Marey, as a pioneer in the field of high speed and motion recording photography, at this Congress held in his birthplace. Not only was he a notable physicist but he was a very often under appreciated pioneer of scientific photography, especially as applied to motion recording and analysis. It can be rightfully claimed that his work makes him an important element in the discovery of cinematography in general. His contemporary (and at times collaborator) Muybridge seems to have been credited with much of the acclaim in this field, possible because of his more extrovert character, and possible because of Marey's many other notable scientific achievements. Marey had invented a high-speed camera capable of 700 pps by 1894!

  18. Educational Change in Scotland: Policy, Context and Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Priestley, M.; Miller, K.

    2012-01-01

    The poor success rate of policy for curriculum change has been widely noted in the educational change literature. Part of the problem lies in the complexity of schools, as policy-makers have proven unable to micro-manage the multifarious range of factors that impact upon the implementation of policy. This article draws upon empirical data from a…

  19. Biography of louis braille and invention of the braille alphabet.

    PubMed

    Jiménez, Javier; Olea, Jesús; Torres, Jesús; Alonso, Inmaculada; Harder, Dirk; Fischer, Konstanze

    2009-01-01

    Louis Braille (1809-1852) was born in France. At the age of three, he wounded his right eye with a cobbler's tool while playing in his father's workshop. No medical knowledge could save his eyesight at that time. Louis's left eye became inflamed, apparently due to subsequent sympathetic ophthalmia, and he eventually lost the sight in that eye. At the age of five, Louis Braille was completely blind. He is considered to be the inventor of a writing system by touch that bears his name, the Braille system. This revolutionary system has allowed blind people to access written culture, and it can therefore be considered a major advance in the quality of life for the blind. The immediate precursor of the invention of the Braille system was the alphabet created by Charles Barbier de la Serre (1767-1841) who created a language by touch designed for military and secret use. Louis Braille modified this alphabet into the Braille alphabet, which is practically the same one that is currently used. It required time to be recognized and to be implemented as a reading and writing method for blind people throughout the world. In 1950, UNESCO effectively universalized the Braille alphabet, and in 2005 it recognized Braille system as a "vital language of communication, as legitimate as all other languages in the world."

  20. The Biography of Doctor Charles Laugier (1875–1830)

    PubMed Central

    DINU, ELENA STELUŢA

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the life and works of the famous doctor, hygienist, folklore researcher and sanitary mentor, Charles Laugier, whose contribution to the development of the medical system of Oltenia marked the beginning of the 20th century. He is noted for his research in hygiene, in the treatment of some diseases like: tuberculosis, malaria, pellagra, and also as the founder of numerous societies which contributed to the cultural and scientific development of the region of Oltenia and even of its small localities. PMID:26528039

  1. Biography and Role Playing: Fostering Empathy in Abnormal Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poorman, Paula B.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses a means for increasing undergraduate and graduate students' level of empathy. Assigned students to write about and role play a character that they create who suffers from a psychological disorder. Explains that after quantitative and qualitative analyses it was demonstrated that students' empathy increased. (CMK)

  2. Post scriptum to the biography of Monsieur Leborgne.

    PubMed

    Domanski, Cezary W

    2014-01-01

    In 1861, Paul Broca presented a case of a patient who had almost completely lost the ability of speech production. This patient is known as "Monsieur Leborgne" alias "Tan." In describing the history of his disease, Broca reported that Leborgne had spent a total of 21 years in hospitals. The article features new information on the history of Leborgne's hospitalization.

  3. [Macciotta's disease and the biography of Giuseppe Macciotta].

    PubMed

    Farnetani, F; Farnetani, I

    2013-02-01

    Giuseppe Macciotta directed the Pediatric Clinic of Cagliari in Sardinia. He dedicated his work to the study of pathology present in Sardinia and the Mediterranean basin area, He identified a variant of the β thalassemia major (homozygote Cooley's disease). He defined this variant as subchronic erythroblastosis, referred to by many as Macciotta's disease. Subchronic erythroblastosis, whose symptoms include earlier onset and a more difficult course of illness, was characterized by appearance generally at the beginning of the second trimester of the baby's life, and a course of illness between 5 and 10 months and a fatal outcome. The picture of the illness was dominated by hyperemolysis, erythroblastemia, medullar erythroblastosis and hyperbilirubinemia. The rapid course of the illness did not even allow time to damage the skeleton, and thus produced the formation of typical skeletal alterations and cardiomegalia. In the years which followed, transfusional and precocious and rational therapies were carried out which permitted the abeyance of the debilitating course of Macciotta's disease. The symptomatology was interrupted before any picture of greater or lesser seriousness could be drawn.

  4. [Biography of the outstanding acupuncturist DU Xiao-shan].

    PubMed

    Ding, Min; Lu, Rui-Qin; Du, Liang-Dong; Cao, Li; Lin, Tian-Yun

    2012-09-01

    Professor DU Xiao-shan 's academic thought and clinical experiences was introduced in this paper. He has noble medical ethics and is fair to the patients without distinction. He has great learning and rich practical experiences, and he specializes in all kinds of common diseases as well as many difficult and complicated cases. He never stops studying the ancients to make innovation and he creates the technique of the quick-puncture and slow-twist and DU's heat-reinforce method. He teaches to carry forward acupuncture and moxibustion and his achievements have become an important part of acupuncture and moxibustion science.

  5. Some facts from the biography of A. R. Luria.

    PubMed

    Kuzovleva, E; Das, J P

    1999-03-01

    The biographical sketches from Luria's life reveal the capricious political changes and their effect on the development of Soviet neuropsychology. The picture that emerges is of an individual who survived several ideological reprisals. He introduced Vygotsky into the mainstream of psychology, and continued to advance the study of cognitive functions within the context of neuroanatomy of the brain. And yet, he had an open mind judged by his interest in Freud, and welcoming to his clinic pioneers of psychology such as Piaget, Bruner and Pribram. Also included are intimate impressions of a daughter of her father, who like his young mentor, Vygotsky was a near-genius. He was unvanquished by adversities, doggedly working away to extend the frontiers of the science of human mind.

  6. [Freud, the biography, his autobiography and his biographers].

    PubMed

    de Mijolla, A

    1993-01-01

    Freud has a dual attitude to the biographical genre. When he places himself in the position of psychoanalyst-biographer of others, he is enthusiastic, speaking of ground to be conquered for psychoanalysis, and his works, as well as his correspondence, show that he continued to devote himself to investigations which resulted in interpretations of a number of personalities, the most detailed of which dealt with Leonardo de Vinci, Goethe, Dostoyevsky, President Wilson, and Moses. On the other hand, even though during the first years of the discovery of psychoanalysis he allowed himself, in a more or less veiled manner, confidences of an autobiographical nature, Freud remained very secretive about himself. He limited himself to making public only the routine information found on his university resume or the details of his life directly related to the discovery and the development of psychoanalysis. Hidden behind die Sache, the Cause, the man always vigorously defended himself against those who, braving the periodical destruction to which he subjected his archives, claimed to apply to him this "investigative drive" whose heuristic richness he otherwise celebrated. It is by means of fantasies of identification to the work, present in every biographical attempt, that we attempt to address here the contradictions of this dual attitude.

  7. Maya Angelou: More Than a Poet. African-American Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisandrelli, Elaine Silvinski

    This book explores the life of Maya Angelou, the author the autobiographical "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." The book details her life from the beginning in Stamps, Arkansas, and relates how she has overcome many obstacles throughout her life to become the successful, educated woman she is today--author, political activist, actress,…

  8. Narcissistic biographies--third age self-transcendence abilities.

    PubMed

    Nirestean, Aurel; Lukacs, Emese; Cimpan, Dana; Nirestean, Tudor

    2014-02-01

    Narcissistic traits interfere in the process of self-determination and the individual motivational strategies of human beings. The grandiose and vulnerable narcissistic personality subtypes have difficulties in their education, interpersonal relationships and quality of life. The latter is also affected by ageing, whose attributes influence, above all, one's self-esteem, especially in women. Though very fearful of suffering and death, narcissists have a powerful desire to overcome them by cultivating their grandiosity, especially through the mystical and paranormal experiences they relate. The spiritual means of transcending one's self, including the components of magical thinking, can prevent the destruction of self-esteem in narcissists in their third-age.

  9. The flame photometer as engine of nephrology: a biography.

    PubMed

    Peitzman, Steven J

    2010-08-01

    In the 1940s, the flame photometer made possible for the first time relatively simple and quick measurements of sodium and potassium in serum and urine. During World War II, it unexpectedly fell into the hands of John P. Peters of Yale University, who sought to understand water and electrolyte physiology and apply such knowledge to patient problems. Pupils and young associates of Peters would seed the early nephrology divisions and training programs in the United States; the flame photometer was essential to their work and that of their trainees, both Americans and international visitors. Hyponatremia and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion became the "attribute" disorders of nephrologists. Invention of a microflame photometer fostered the revival of micropuncture and transport studies. In the 1960s, the flame photometer was linked to Leonard Skeggs' sequential automated analysis system, leading to enormous numbers of routine measurements of electrolytes. The growing number of nephrologists, then based mostly at teaching hospitals, thus found plentiful instances of sodium and potassium abnormalities to address. The autoanalyzer also catalyzed use of the anion gap, another emblem of nephrology in its early decades. Not only ideas and theories, but also the usually invisible machinery, enable the growth of a knowledge base and formation of a scientific discipline or medical specialty. Of course, the flame photometer did not itself shape the agenda of nephrology, but it allowed the most influential group of progenitors and their progeny to explore normal function and bring a strongly physiologic imperative to their daily work with patients.

  10. Biography and Discipline: Key Players in Simulation/Gaming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kikkawa, Toshiko; Crookall, David

    2011-01-01

    This issue of S&G is devoted to people--to the gamers who have made and are making the exciting discipline of simulation gaming possible. All disciplines that hope for a bright future must record their origins and development. This is particularity the case for a field as fuzzy and interdisciplinary as simulation/gaming. The symposium dedicated to…

  11. "The Gaze Heuristic:" Biography of an Adaptively Rational Decision Process.

    PubMed

    Hamlin, Robert P

    2017-02-21

    This article is a case study that describes the natural and human history of the gaze heuristic. The gaze heuristic is an interception heuristic that utilizes a single input (deviation from a constant angle of approach) repeatedly as a task is performed. Its architecture, advantages, and limitations are described in detail. A history of the gaze heuristic is then presented. In natural history, the gaze heuristic is the only known technique used by predators to intercept prey. In human history the gaze heuristic was discovered accidentally by Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter command just prior to World War II. As it was never discovered by the Luftwaffe, the technique conferred a decisive advantage upon the RAF throughout the war. After the end of the war in America, German technology was combined with the British heuristic to create the Sidewinder AIM9 missile, the most successful autonomous weapon ever built. There are no plans to withdraw it or replace its guiding gaze heuristic. The case study demonstrates that the gaze heuristic is a specific heuristic type that takes a single best input at the best time (take the best(2) ). Its use is an adaptively rational response to specific, rapidly evolving decision environments that has allowed those animals/humans/machines who use it to survive, prosper, and multiply relative to those who do not.

  12. Biography of George Eastman: A Multiple Intelligences Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogle, Jan G.

    This paper describes the life and achievements of businessman, philanthropist, and photographic innovator, George Eastman. Aspects of multiple intelligences theory with regard to Eastman's life are discussed. The paper details Eastman's many and varied successes after a poor childhood and notes that, although he left school at 13 to help support…

  13. Voices of Their Own: Students' Biographies and the College Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Francis J.

    1991-01-01

    Among high school seniors, some of the best and brightest are reticent to write about themselves. One high school counselor designed small group guidance sessions in which students learned collaboratively to write effective and useful peer reports and personal statements. (MSE)

  14. William W. Momyer: A Biography of an Airpower Mind

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    the Mediterranean. Eisenhower did not initially agree to either arrangement and continued to search for his preferred solution .34 After a short...capture of the airfield on Pantelleria could provide room for another fighter group to move within sixty miles of Sicily. A volcanic island with...sought to develop student facility in the solution of military problems and their presentation by studying and promulgating solutions to current

  15. [The SS dentist Dr. Willy Frank. A biography].

    PubMed

    Huber, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In his role as leading SS dentist in the concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau Dr. Willy Frank was involved in the worst crimes of World War II: In the early summer of 1944 the so called "Hungarian Action" commenced. It planned the extermination of around 450 000 Hungarian Jews within only a few months. Some twenty years later he was sentenced during the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials to seven years of imprisonment on grounds of his participation in the selection and gassing of the Jews. Before that he had been able to resume his professional worksince 1947 unchecked.

  16. Biography of Akira Tonomura (April 1942 - May 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osakabe, Nobuyuki

    2014-01-01

    Akira Tonomura was born on 25 April 1942 in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. He graduated from the Department of Physics in the University of Tokyo in 1965 and immediately joined the Central Research Laboratory of Hitachi, Ltd. Tonomura was motivated to join the lab because of Hiroshi Watanabe,1 who, with a single electron micrograph, proved the Bohm-Pines plasma oscillation theory2 by using electron energy-loss spectroscopy. On the recommendation of Watanabe, Tonomura pursued research with electron beams to achieve holography, invented by Dennis Gabor3 in 1948. Tonomura frequently communicated with Gabor, who encouraged him to realize aberration correction using electron holography, something that Gabor himself wanted to do, but he lacked a coherent electron source when he was doing his own research...

  17. Onset Age of Obesity and Variables of Personality and Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Carol

    Three hypotheses derived from Hilde Bruch's formulations regarding onset differences among the obese were tested. In Bruch's theory, adult-onset, or reactive, obesity is a result of psychological trauma; the individual uses eating as a defense against anxiety and depression. Child-onset, or developmental, obesity results from a mixture of…

  18. [Pathography and biography of the Empress Maria Theresa].

    PubMed

    Habek, D; Masić, I

    2001-01-01

    The empress and queen Maria Theresa Habsburg-Lorraine (May 13th, 1917-November 29th, 1780) bore sixteen children in the marriage with the emperor Franz I Stepha and was famous as "mother-in-law of Europe". Her brother Leopold died immediately after he was born, her sister Amalia died in the cradle and Maria Ana died of perinatal complications at the birth of a dead infant in 1744. The famous hereditary facial dysmorphia of the "Hasburg jawe" wasn't noticed in Maria Theresa's surviving children. In October of 1738, after giving birth to her daughter Ana, a manual lysis of the placenta was performed due to the retained placenta and postpartal bleeding. In 1741 her daughter Carolina died, and in 1767 her daughter Josepha died of small pox. Her daughter Elizabeth remained deformed by the pock marks, and Maria Christina got a puerperal sepsis, but surprisingly, didn't die. Maria Antoinette ended under a guillotine in France, along with her husband Luis XVI. Maria Theresa's father, Karl VI died of the cholecystopankreatitis and peritonitis, and her husband and co-ruler most probably died of acute coronary incident in August 18th, 1765. After her husband's death she started suffering from depression with steady necrophile obsessions. Maria Theresa suffered from a chronical obstructional pulmonary disease (asthma), rehumatic syndromes, hypertension and anxiodepressive syndromes. In 1767 she had small pox. In November 11th 1780 she caught a cold which grew into a pneumonia with high fever. She died of cardiopulmonal dedompensation preceded by pneumonia and asthma.

  19. Radical Connections: A Journey through Social Histories, Biography and Politics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This lecture will revisit nineteenth and twentieth century education policy and politics in the light of the experiences and struggles of a (nowadays) virtually unknown educator activist. Beautiful, tireless, courageous and principled, socialist school teacher Mary Bridges Adams (1855-1939) gave up her life for the Cause. Encouraged by William…

  20. American Inventors, Entrepreneurs, and Business Visionaries. American Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Charles W., Jr.

    This book offers a look at those men and women who have made history with their innovative ideas, entrepreneurial daring, and abilities to take the seemingly impossible and make it real. While not every person in the book is well known, many are household names. Their successes, the diversity of their backgrounds, and the talents that these…

  1. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    PubMed

    Benzecry, Claudio E

    2015-12-01

    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations.

  2. Concentrated Language Encounters: The International Biography of a Curriculum Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Brian; Cazden, Courtney B.

    This paper is about a teaching program that was developed at a school in Alice Springs, a small town in Australia that has influenced teaching programs for Aboriginal children in that country. At Traeger Park school, the Aboriginal children speak English, although the speech of many children is characterized as Aboriginal English dialect. The…

  3. His Name was Lincoln: A Multimedia Biography. [Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, James M.

    These printed materials (a user's guide, a 2-part topical guide on peace and war with suggestions for classroom activities, a teacher's guide for the "Magic Media Slate,") accompany a multimedia resource packet that includes 2 interactive CD-ROMs and "Magic Media Slate," a word processor program. The packet examines the life…

  4. Becoming Intimate with Developmental Knowledge: Pedagogical Explorations with Collective Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica; Kummen, Kathleen; Thompson, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we draw on postfoundational frameworks to make visible the subjectification processes by which practitioners simultaneously master and become mastered by developmental theories. We emphasize the implication of the entire minded-body in the processes of the developmental worker formation. We show these processes through empirical…

  5. Frustrated Returns: Biography, Parental Figures, and the Apprenticeship of Observation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwalt, Kyle A.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the processes by which the past experiences of undergraduate teacher candidates with their parental figures return in the present, thereby shaping both the nature and the meaning of the experiences offered to them in their initial field placement. Using phenomenological and psychoanalytic lenses, I analyze findings from an…

  6. Situated Learning in Young Romanian Roma Successful Learning Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nistor, Nicolae; Stanciu, Dorin; Vanea, Cornelia; Sasu, Virginia Maria; Dragota, Maria

    2014-01-01

    European Roma are often associated with social problems and conflicts due to poverty and low formal education. Nevertheless, Roma communities traditionally develop expertise in ethnically specific domains, probably by alternative, informal ways, such as situated learning in communities of practice. Although predictable, empirical evidence of…

  7. Constructing and Engaging Biography: Considerations for High School English Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmondson, Jacqueline

    2012-01-01

    In contemporary contexts, young people are accustomed to life story; indeed, their lives are saturated with constructions of their stories and those of others, whether created by themselves or their "friends" on social networks. Multimedia outlets convey often detailed stories of more-famous others, whether celebrities or those experiencing…

  8. Fritz Goro on Tape: An Emigre Photojournalist's Professional Biography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, C. Zoe

    Emigres associated with Black Star Picture Agency and "Life" shared much in common: most were well-educated European Jews who became journalists after being involved in other professions and most had worked for German magazines and had emigrated to the United States to pursue their careers while escaping the Nazis. After being trained on…

  9. Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-07-01

    WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

  10. New insights into the biography of Gottfried Kirch. (German Title: Neue Erkenntnisse zur Biographie von Gottfried Kirch)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herbst, Klaus-Dieter

    New biographical results of Gottfried Kirch, the most outstanding astronomer around 1700 in German lands, are outlined on the basis of newly found sources and the first-time inclusion of additional letters from his correspondence, which comprises 600 letters. Special attention is drwawn to his stay in Langgrün and Lobenstein in the Vogtland, in Leipzig, Coburg, Guben and Berlin. In addition, new details about his family are revealed, especially about the older children Gottlieb, Heilmann and Theodora, the offspring from his first marriage. A third section deals with the possibilities which are to be expected from a systematic evaluation of Kirch's correspondence. Only about 100 out of 600 letters have been used for historical publications until now.

  11. Cal State-Long Beach Heeds Call to Investigate Professors' Online Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    This article reports that an essay by a film professor at California State University at Long Beach that questions the credentials of his colleagues is stirring controversy on the campus--and sparking investigations. The essay, written by Brian Alan Lane, an associate professor of film, accuses three of his colleagues in the department of film and…

  12. Biography of Dr. Eugene W. Smith Arkansas State University President 1984 to 1992

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newsom, Glenda

    2012-01-01

    A president of a university in the state of Arkansas would benefit from researching the roots of the educational system within the state. Even though the state now has a number of universities that have evolved and are on the cutting-edge of advanced technology, Arkansas was slow in growth and development. Since Arkansas was slow to expand public…

  13. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Scientists & Inventors Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This volume on "Scientists and Inventors" was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and can readily understand. Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches of outstanding people. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to…

  14. Diablotin Pterodroma hasitata: a biography of the endangered Black-capped Petrel

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Simons, Theodore R.; Lee, David S.; Haney, J. Chris

    2013-01-01

    Our findings are in accord with the recent decision by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) to evaluate the need for additional protection of the species and the primary foraging habitat off the southeastern United States under the Endangered Species Act (USFWS 2012). Additional conservation measures and research strategies that warrant further consideration include (1) protection, monitoring, and management of known breeding populations and nesting habitat in the Dominican Republic and Haiti through controlling predators, installing artificial nest burrows in appropriate sites and hiring local wardens at breeding sites during the nesting season; (2) local and regional training, education and public awareness (e.g. Blanchard & Nettleship 1992); (3) restoration of the original common name Diablotin to common usage to promote the historical and cultural importance of this species; (4) studies to determine the distribution and genetic variability in the remaining populations; and (5) studies of satellite-tagged birds to assess their seasonal and geographic use of pelagic habitats.

  15. The SACNAS Biography Project: A Resource for K-12 Educators. [CD-ROM].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

    This CD-ROM was designed as a resource for K-12 educators who are interested in teaching their students about the accomplishments of Chicano/Latino and Native American scientists. Profiles of 48 Latino and Native American scientists, mathematicians, and engineers have been written at the middle school and high school levels and are searchable in…

  16. Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth century.

    PubMed

    Hagner, Michael

    2003-06-01

    In this paper, I will argue that the scientific investigation of skulls and brains of geniuses went hand in hand with hagiographical celebrations of scientists. My analysis starts with late-eighteenth century anatomists and anthropologists who highlighted quantitative parameters such as the size and weight of the brain in order to explain intellectual differences between women and men and Europeans and non-Europeans, geniuses and ordinary persons. After 1800 these parameters were modified by phrenological inspections of the skull and brain. As the phrenological examination of the skulls of Immanuel Kant, Wilhelm Heinse, Arthur Schopenhauer and others shows, the anthropometrical data was interpreted in light of biographical circumstances. The same pattern of interpretation can be found in non-phrenological contexts: Reports about extraordinary brains were part of biographical sketches, mainly delivered in celebratory obituaries. It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860.

  17. Clinician and revolutionary: Frantz Fanon, biography, and the history of colonial medicine.

    PubMed

    Keller, Richard C

    2007-01-01

    Although scholars have exhibited close interest in the life and work of Frantz Fanon, few have emphasized his work as a psychiatrist. This essay surveys recent books and films that have placed Fanon's clinical experience at the center of his life's work. It concludes that historians of colonial medicine have much to gain from these works and their reexaminations of a controversial figure.

  18. [Biography as discipline tradition. The idealization of the pharmacologist Wolfgang Heubner (1877-1957)].

    PubMed

    Kessel, Nils

    2008-01-01

    Taking a german professor of pharmacology, Wolfgang Heubner (1877-1957), as an example, the paper shows how hagiographic traditions were used to construct a scientific ideal in Post-War Germany. This ideal tended to (re-)legitimate German Science after World War II and to justify institutional and personal continuities in the 1950s, but I argue that it is a specific construction of the 1950s, thus serving to build a new image of science in a democratic society.

  19. Rocket pioneer Robert Goddard: A micro-biography (pt 1/3)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Archive footage of Robert Goddard, rocket pioneer of the 1920's and '30's. Ahead of his time, and the first to use liquid propellant. From the 'Moonwalk Series: Episode 1 - 'The Day Before''. A four part documentary series made in the 1970's about the Apollo 11 mission.

  20. [Biography-oriented diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness].

    PubMed

    Darmann-Finck, Ingrid; Sahm, Martina

    2006-10-01

    The article examines two concepts of counselling of patients by nurses that are popular in the German-speaking area with regard to their underlying scientific standpoint and ideals and their implications on counselling-process and -result. The authors determine that both concepts disregard the biographic construction processes which are so important for coping with and tackling chronic illness. The article concludes with a discussion of prospective use of biographic diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness.

  1. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    PubMed

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2016-01-01

    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests.

  2. Rocket pioneer Robert Goddard: A micro-biography (pt 3/3)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Archive footage of Robert Goddard, rocket pioneer of the 1920's and '30's. Ahead of his time, and the first to use liquid propellant. From the 'Moonwalk Series: Episode 1 - 'The Day Before''. A four part documentary series made in the 1970's about the Apollo 11 mission.

  3. Rocket pioneer Robert Goddard: A micro-biography (pt 2/3)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Archive footage of Robert Goddard, rocket pioneer of the 1920's and '30's. Ahead of his time, and the first to use liquid propellant. From the 'Moonwalk Series: Episode 1 - 'The Day Before''. A four part documentary series made in the 1970's about the Apollo 11 mission.

  4. Educational Biographies in Germany: From Secondary School General Education to Lifelong Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friebel, Harry

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the change in the transitional process from secondary school general education to gainful employment within the framework of societal modernisation processes in Germany. We analyse the relationship between the options for and restrictions upon individual educational mobility under the conditions imposed by the various…

  5. Beyond the Academic Precariat: A Collective Biography of Poetic Subjectivities in the Neoliberal University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartung, Catherine; Barnes, Nicoli; Welch, Rosie; O'Flynn, Gabrielle; Uptin, Jonnell; McMahon, Samantha

    2017-01-01

    The "neoliberal turn" in the higher education sector has received significant intellectual scrutiny in recent times. This scrutiny, led by many established academics working within the sector, has highlighted the negative repercussions for teaching and research staff, often referred to as the "academic precariat" due to their…

  6. [Meyerbeer, spa curist, biography of J. -F. Struensee, physician and man of the modernist state].

    PubMed

    Trépardoux, Francis

    2015-01-01

    In 1757, Struensee (1737-1772) graduated in medicine at Halle-Saale university, as his father a high dignitary in the lutherian church was, and supported by the presence of his grand-father the physician and scientist Samuel Carl. The family moved to Altona where he was nominated as physician in the city council. Then he largely dealt with medical and social items, for orphans and disabled, and attempted to prevent infectious deseases, small pox, typhus, scabies ans dysenteric syndroms. For sure when he practised his investigations on water samples with microscopy, Struensee acted as a pioneer to suspect microrganisms to be responsible for infectious diseases. Later on, he started his medical service dedicated to the Danish king Christian VII. This part of his life demonstrated the ambitious but highly capable man he was when running the whole government load for Denmark, in a liberal and advanced way. We link the drama of his death when he was condamned, to the symphony composed by Meyerbeer (1791-1864), known as an incidental music for Michael Beer's play Struensee, 1846.

  7. Bring 'Em Back Alive: Writing History and Biography for Young People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freedman, Russell

    1994-01-01

    Discusses how to write nonfiction for young readers based on the personal experiences of the author. Topics addressed include storytelling to establish the setting and the mood; developing characters, including the use of quotes from diaries, journals, letters, and memoirs; the use of anecdotes; and research and serendipity. (LRW)

  8. Aspects from the biography of Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş. The Beginnings

    PubMed Central

    ROTARU, ALEXANDRU

    2016-01-01

    Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş was the founder of the clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and also the first to teach this specialty in Cluj-Napoca in the first half of the twentieth century. Earlier in his profession, Dr. Cornel Opriş went from research into human physiology to practical activity in the field of surgery, to which he was more attracted. He was active both in research and Oral and Maxillofacial plastic surgery, facing unfavorable material and social conditions, exacerbated by the circumstances of war and the relocation of the Faculty of Medicine to Sibiu. This article presents the life and work of Prof. Dr. Cornel Opris, with particular reference to the stage of education, the problems associated with “family, society and school.” PMID:27857530

  9. What the Butler Saw: Lee Daniels's Studies in Biography and History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    The movie "Lee Daniels' The Butler" is an example of a work that is meant not only to entertain but to convey an important attitude and offer important viewpoints. The movie deals with a deep issue in the history of movies and the history of the country: racial inequality. Three issues are discussed in this article: (a) African…

  10. M.G. Velarde: Succint Biography. Doing Science in Spain as a Maverick

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryazantsev, Yu. S.

    A succint account is presented about the professional career of Prof. Manuel García Velarde. Different periods illustrate his engagement with science, education and (domestic and international) organizational endeavor. The chapter also oversees some of the major areas of research he has covered with significant scientific achievements. They embrace kinetic theory, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid physics, geophysics, optics and lasers, ferromagnetism, electron transport theory, acoustics, elasticity, wave theory, reaction-diffusion science, biophysics, active lattice dynamics, and neuro-dynamics, all phenomena and methodologies treated from the unifying perspective of nonlinear dynamics.

  11. Sexual Beginners: Accounting for First Sexual Intercourse in Italian Young People's Heterosexual Biographies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrero Camoletto, Raffaella

    2011-01-01

    Based on survey data of 1000 young people aged 18-29 and semi-structured interviews with 51 young people aged 18-34 living in a north-western Italian region, the article explores how they account for their first heterosexual intercourse. Young people describe and make sense of their experiences by referring to sexual scripts; narrative sequences…

  12. A Short Biography of Joseph Fourier and Historical Development of Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made…

  13. A biography of William Tuke (1732-1822): Founder of the modern mental asylum.

    PubMed

    Kibria, Ayisha A; Metcalfe, Neil H

    2016-08-01

    William Tuke was a 19th-century reformist and philanthropist notable for his work in mental health. He was known for his strict self-discipline and judicious manner. He was also a firm believer in the Quaker faith and actively supported the group and employed many of their principles in his work, especially in his chef d'oeuvre, The Retreat, established in 1792, a mental asylum in York. Possibly catalysed by the very public mismanagement of King George III's 'madness', he pioneered the use of moral treatment, a new humane method of treating mental illness. This focussed on allowing patients to live in a community, partake in daily activities and not be subjected to the brutality of the commonplace asylum, all of which were very rare in the treatment of lunatics at that time. Described as 'The Period of Humane Reform', his work coincided with the emergence of similar approaches in France, most famously by Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) and his pupil Jean Esquirol (1772-1840) in Paris. Tuke eventually went on to aid in the reform of the law with regards to asylums.

  14. Appunti per la biografia linguistica dei miei figli (Notes for a Linguistic Biography of My Children).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francescato, Giuseppe

    1978-01-01

    This article discusses the linguistic background of two Italian children who lived with their parents for an extended period of time in Holland and for a brief time in Puerto Rico and spent vacations in Italy where their relatives spoke the dialects of Veneto and Friuli. (CFM)

  15. Biography, Identity, Improvisation, Sound: Intersections of Personal and Social Identity through Improvisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smilde, Rineke

    2016-01-01

    This essay addresses the relationship of improvisation and identity. Biographical research that was conducted by the author into professional musicians' lifelong learning showed the huge importance of improvisation for personal expression. Musically, the concept of "sound" appeared to serve as a strong metaphor for identity. In addition,…

  16. [The master and his school - on the biography and action of instrument developer Heinrich Geissler].

    PubMed

    Dörfel, Günter

    2014-01-01

    This contribution focuses on the work and development of a notable personality in physics and technology: Heinrich Geissler, a glassblower, educator, inventor, and experimentalist, influenced the development of physics in the second half of the 19th century with lasting effect. He initiated and contributed to research on electric discharge in gases, created the first actually working vacuum pump, and continuously improved its design. His students significantly contributed to research on the photoelectric effect, and early vacuum electronics. They were involved in the development of the electric light bulb, and in the extremely quick practical application of X-rays in medical and other contexts. All these activities contributed to the fundamental change in physical thinking that took place at the beginning of the 20th century. It is an aim of this article to describe the momentum, as well as the centrifugal forces, at work in this critical phase of physics research.

  17. A short biography of Joseph Fourier and historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Debnath, Lokenath

    2012-07-01

    The profound study of nature is the most fertile source of mathematical discoveries. Not only does this study, by offering a definite goal to research, have the advantage of excluding vague questions and futile calculations, but it is also a sure means of moulding analysis itself, and discerning those elements in it which it is still essential to know and which science ought to conserve. These fundamental elements are those which recur in all natural phenomena. Joseph Fourier pure mathematics enables us to discover the concepts and laws connecting them, which gives us the key to the understanding of the phenomena of nature. Albert Einstein This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made to his splendid research contributions to mathematical physics, pure and applied mathematics and his unprecedented public service accomplishments in the history of France. This is followed by historical comments about the significant and major impact of Fourier analysis on mathematical physics, probability and mathematical statistics, mathematical economics and many areas of pure and applied mathematics including geometry, harmonic analysis, signal analysis, wave propagation and wavelet analysis. Special attention is also given to the Fourier integral formula, Brownian motion and stochastic processes and many examples of applications including isoparametric inequality, everywhere continuous but nowhere differentiable functions, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Dirichlets' theorem on primes in arithmetic progression, the Poisson summation formula and solutions of wave and diffusion equations. It is also shown that Fourier coefficients c n (t) in the Fourier expansion of a scalar field ψ(θ, t) satisfy equations of the simple harmonic motion.

  18. Using Biographies of Outstanding Women in Bioengineering to Dispel Biology Teachers' Misperceptions of Engineers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoh, Yin Kiong

    2009-01-01

    The perception that engineers and scientists are intelligent Caucasian men who are socially inept and absent-minded people is prevalent among students of all levels, from elementary school to college. While the media may, by chance or choice, promote this image, the reality is that most engineers are men. These stereotypical images of engineers…

  19. The analysis of variance in anaesthetic research: statistics, biography and history.

    PubMed

    Pandit, J J

    2010-12-01

    Multiple t-tests (or their non-parametric equivalents) are often used erroneously to compare the means of three or more groups in anaesthetic research. Methods for correcting the p value regarded as significant can be applied to take account of multiple testing, but these are somewhat arbitrary and do not avoid several unwieldy calculations. The appropriate method for most such comparisons is the 'analysis of variance' that not only economises on the number of statistical procedures, but also indicates if underlying factors or sub-groups have contributed to any significant results. This article outlines the history, rationale and method of this analysis.

  20. Time Travel Is Possible: Historical Fiction and Biography--Passport to the Past.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Nancy M.; Ebert, M. Jane

    1992-01-01

    Provides a rationale for organizing history instruction around children's trade books. Presents a sample unit on the American Revolution that has been used successfully with intermediate-grade students. Describes an approach that is unique in its dual focus on students' affective responses to literature and their learning of content. (MG)

  1. 2012 NCME Election of Board of Directors Candidate Biographies (in Alphabetical Order According to Position)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article profiles the candidates for the 2012 NCME election of board of directors. This includes the candidates for the office of the vice president and positions representing testing organizations and members at-large.

  2. Night Comes to the Cumberlands: A Biography of a Depressed Area.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caudill, Harry M.

    The history of the settlement of the Cumberland Plateau region of Kentucky is presented by a resident of that area whose ancestors were among the early settlers. The disintegration caused by the Civil War and the mountain feuds started during the Reconstruction period is discussed. Mismanagement of natural resources, especially coal and timber,…

  3. Representations of individuals in ventral temporal cortex defined by faces and biographies.

    PubMed

    Verosky, Sara C; Todorov, Alexander; Turk-Browne, Nicholas B

    2013-09-01

    The fusiform gyrus responds more strongly to faces than to other categories of objects. This response could reflect either categorical detection of faces or recognition of particular facial identities. Recent fMRI studies have attempted to address the question of what information is encoded in these regions, but have reported mixed results. We tested whether the creation of richer identity representations via training on visual and social information, and the use of an adaptation design, would reveal more robust representations of these identities in ventral temporal cortex. Examining the patterns of activation across voxels in bilateral fusiform gyri, we identified unique patterns for particular identities. Attaching distinctive biographical information to identities did not increase the strength of these representations, but did produce a grouping effect: faces associated with the same amount of biographical information were represented more similarly to each other. These results are consistent with the possibility that identity exemplars are represented in posterior visual areas best known for their role in representing categorical information, and suggest that these areas may be sensitive to some forms of non-visual information, including from the social domain.

  4. [Little known pages of the biography of Ia.V.Villie].

    PubMed

    Budko, A A; Shabunin, A V; Zhuravlev, D A

    2005-05-01

    On the base of complex study of archival data and available historical literature the stories connected with Yakov Vasilyevich Villie are discussed. The exact date of his death is given, the causes of existing contradictions are presented. Villie's relations with representatives of our medicine are described. The authors also discuss the problem, which was touched in the middle of XX century, i. e. the Villie's charge of espionage. Together with famous works of Russian authors the materials of foreign investigators devoted to this problem are used.

  5. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This document is the eighth volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

  6. The Digital Library: A Biography. Strategies and Tools for the Digital Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenstein, Daniel; Thorin, Suzanne E.

    This report draws on the results of a survey and case studies of Digital Library Federation (DLF) members (Council on Library and Information Resources - CLIR). The survey was intended to document how DLF member libraries are focusing their digital library programs: how and under what circumstances their programs were initiated; the influences…

  7. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This document is the third volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals that young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

  8. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This is the ninth volume of a series designed and written for young readers ages 9 and above. It contains three issues and profiles individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can…

  9. Visual Auto/biography, Hysteria, and the Pedagogical Performance of the "Real."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesford, Wendy S.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses Mindy Faber's autobiographical video as an allegory of contradictory interpretations of female hysteria as both a theater of femininity and feminist revolt. Provides an analysis of the resonance between student responses to "Delirium" (her auto/biographical video about her mother's long battle with mental illness) and…

  10. Analysis of Servant Leadership: An Interpretive Biography of a Prominent Leader in Proprietary Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Negron, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Values and ethical behaviors in corporate higher education are perceived to be deteriorating, with some leaders accused of financial mismanagement and corruption. Servant leadership has the potential to address these value-related problems but has not been studied in the for-profit environment. The purpose of this qualitative, single-case study…

  11. Linking Bakhtin with feminist poststructuralism to unravel the allure of auto/biographies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez, Alberto J.

    2000-03-01

    By linking feminist poststructuralism with Bakhtin's concepts of voice and ventriloquation, an approach is proposed for the critical engagement with auto/biographical text. It is argued that by becoming better aware of the teller's intentionality and her/his insights gained from telling a (re)constructed version of self, the listener and the teller can engage in personal and socially transformative dialog. This dialog can assist the teller/listener to move from superficial affirmation of (re)interpreted lived experiences to more socially responsive action. An example is provided to illustrate implications of this approach for science teaching and education research.

  12. Becoming Political: A Dimension in Teachers' Professional Development. A Micropolitical Analysis of Teachers' Professional Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelchtermans, Geert; Vandenberghe, Roland

    This study examined 10 elementary school teachers' narratives of their teaching experiences to determine the political aspects of that development, particularly the processes of control, power, dominance, conflict and ideology that interacted with the teacher's developing sense of the working conditions necessary for proper job performance. Data…

  13. Using Picture Book Biographies to Nurture the Talents of Young Gifted African American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floyd, Erinn Fears; Hebert, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a scenario that highlights an important challenge facing educators in primary grade classrooms. The discussion in this article addresses this challenge by showcasing scholarly literature that examines the importance of infusing culturally relevant material into K-2 classrooms. Following the discussion, methods of using…

  14. Women Putting Our Stamp on America: Biographies and Activities for National Women's History Month, March 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Women's History Project, Windsor, CA.

    This booklet, intended for use by educators and by workplace and community organizers, introduces women who have been featured on U.S. postage stamps as well as a few of the women who clearly merit such honor in the future. Postage stamps featuring women have been relatively few and far between and have only skimmed the surface of U.S. women in…

  15. What about Albert Einstein? Using Biographies to Promote Students' Scientific Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fingon, Joan C.; Fingon, Shallon D.

    2009-01-01

    Who hasn't heard of Einstein? Science educators everywhere are familiar with Einstein's genius and general theory of relativity. Students easily recognize Einstein's image by his white flyaway hair and bushy mustache. It is well known that Einstein was a brilliant physicist and an abstract thinker who often used his creativity and imagination in…

  16. Biografie, Lernen und Familienthemen in Generationsbeziehungen (Biography, Learning, and Family Issues across Generations).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ecarius, Jutta

    2003-01-01

    Discusses empirical findings of a qualitative research project covering three generations of twentieth century families. Examines the importance of family topics for biographical learning. Argues that family topics leave their mark on biographical constructions and influence acting, thinking and perceiving, and the shaping of the biography…

  17. Biography of a technology: North America's power grid through the twentieth century

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohn, Julie A.

    North Americans are among the world's most intense consumers of electricity. The vast majority in the United States and Canada access power from a network of transmission lines that stretch from the East Coast to the West Coast and from Canada to the Mexican Baja. This network, known as the largest interconnected machine in the world, evolved during the first two thirds of the twentieth century. With the very first link-ups occurring at the end of the 1890s, a wide variety of public and private utilities extended power lines to reach markets, access and manage energy resources, balance loads, realize economies of scale, provide backup power, and achieve economic stability. In 1967, utility managers and the Bureau of Reclamation connected the expansive eastern and western power pools to create the North American grid. Unlike other power grids around the world, built by single, centrally controlled entities, this large technological system emerged as the result of multiple decisions across eighty-five years of development, and negotiations for control at the economic, political, and technological levels. This dissertation describes the process of building the North American grid and the paradoxes the resulting system represents. While the grid functions as a single machine moving electricity across the continent, it is owned by many independent entities. Smooth operations suggest that the grid is a unified system; however, it operates under shared management and divided authority. In addition, although a single power network seems the logical outcome of electrification, in fact it was assembled through aggregation, not planning. Interconnections intentionally increase the robustness of individual sub-networks, yet the system itself is fragile, as demonstrated by major cascading power outages. Finally, the transmission network facilitates increased use of energy resources and consumption of power, but at certain points in the past, it also served as a technology of conservation. While this project explores the history of how and why North America has a huge interconnected power system, it also offers insights into the challenges the grid poses for our energy future.

  18. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs, USSR Council of Ministers & Officials: Biographies, Interviews

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Industry 34 PAVLOV , Valentin Sergeyevich 34 Minister of Finance 34 PERVYSHIN, Erlen Kirikovich 35 Minister of Communications 35 PUGIN...Administrator of Affairs, Council of Ministers 47 SILAYEV, Ivan Stepanovich 48 Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers, Chairman of the...labor-intensive orders. PAVLOV , Valentin Sergeyevich Minister of Finance [Text] Born in 1937, Russian. Graduated from the Moscow Institute of

  19. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This series is designed and written for young readers, aged 9 and above. The volumes cover individuals that young readers want to know most about, including entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains numerous sketches arranged alphabetically. Each entry provides at least one picture of…

  20. [Biography of Phillip Bozzini (1773-1809) an idealist of the endoscopy].

    PubMed

    Verger-Kuhnke, A B; Reuter, M A; Beccaria, M L

    2007-05-01

    Philipp Bozzini was born the 25 of May of 1773 in Mainz, Germany. The 12 of June of 1797 obtain the title of medicine doctor. From 1804 it is practically dedicated of complete to the development of its instrument, this have the approximated form of one metallic vase of 35 cm height, had in leather. In its previous face it has a circular opening that is divided vertically by a partition. In left half is the luminance source (a wax candle) and behind is a mirror, that it projects the light produced towards the interior of the corporal cavity to explore. By other half, the observer receives the reflected light and the image of the explored organ. In the later face they adapt according to the cavity diverse specula's, this allow to inspect ear, urethra, feminine bladder, rectum, uterine neck, nasal or wounds. Philipp Bozzini, profit with modest means available at the beginning of XIX century, to demonstrate to the medical world the way of endoscopes. It was with its instrument and ideas, 3/4 of century advanced to the technical and scientific possibilities of the moment. The historians are in agreement, in which this instrument, with artificial light, diverse mirrors and specula's war the beginning of a numerous family of endoscopies.

  1. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. General Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This publication, which covers individuals that young readers want to know about most, entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders, was especially created to appeal to young readers in a format where they can enjoy reading and can readily understand. Each issue contains approximately 10 sketches arranged…

  2. Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welton, Michael R.

    This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…

  3. Modes of rationality in nursing documentation: biology, biography and the 'voice of nursing'.

    PubMed

    Hyde, Abbey; Treacy, Margaret P; Scott, P Anne; Butler, Michelle; Drennan, Jonathan; Irving, Kate; Byrne, Anne; MacNeela, Padraig; Hanrahan, Marian

    2005-06-01

    This article is based on a discourse analysis of the complete nursing records of 45 patients, and concerns the modes of rationality that mediated text-based accounts relating to patient care that nurses recorded. The analysis draws on the work of the critical theorist, Jurgen Habermas, who conceptualised rationality in the context of modernity according to two types: purposive rationality based on an instrumental logic, and value rationality based on ethical considerations and moral reasoning. Our analysis revealed that purposive rationality dominated the content of nursing documentation, as evidenced by a particularly bio-centric and modernist construction of the workings of the body within the texts. There was little reference in the documentation to central themes of contemporary nursing discourses, such as notions of partnership, autonomy, and self-determination, which are associated with value rationality. Drawing on Habermas, we argue that this nursing documentation depicted the colonisation of the sociocultural lifeworld by the bio-technocratic system. Where nurses recorded disagreements that patients had with medical regimes, the central struggle inherent in the project of modernity became transparent--the tension between the rational and instrumental control of people through scientific regulation and the autonomy of the subject. The article concludes by problematising communicative action within the context of nursing practice.

  4. The Devil Has Slippery Shoes. A Biased Biography of the Child Development Group of Mississippi.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Polly

    This book provides an insider's account of the attempts of the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) to introduce self-help educational innovations into the Black community of Mississippi. It documents the efforts of one of the first OEO-financed Head Start projects designed to help the Black people of Mississippi overcome economic,…

  5. Preservice Generalist Teachers Enlightened Approach to Teaching Physical Education through Teacher Biography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, John E.; Miller, Judith A.; Varea, Valeria

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a new learning experience, which was introduced following an examination of the literature regarding preservice primary school teachers' (PPST) notions of their past experience in Physical Education (PE) (Elliott 2013). PPSTs were given the opportunity to recognise, reflect, interrogate and reframe a critical incident from…

  6. Biographies for Artistic and Social Intervention: A Youth-Driven Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carvalho, Claudia Pato

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses how biographical materials may be used in youth arts education projects to develop new methodologies and approaches that can stimulate artistic and social intervention in contemporary urban communities, thus changing the field of arts education policy at the community level. Through their creation of Artistic Society…

  7. Scientific method, history, Darwinism and laicism: a Giovanni Jervis's intellectual biography.

    PubMed

    Corbellini, Gilberto; Sirgiovanni, Elisabetta

    2012-01-01

    Some authors marked a change of perspective from the early to the late Jervis's thought, in terms of a supposed turn towards conservatism. That laid him open to criticism from some Leftist Italian intellectuals. The aim of this paper is to show that conservatism never was a Jervis's thought feature. Mainly, subjects and methods leading the development of his philosophical views suggest a continuity between earlier writings and later ones. All over his thought, in fact, the idea of preeminence of scientific method and historical contextualization convinced him about naturalistic approaches to human behavior, which came to support his Darwinism and laicism in approaching socio-psychological and socio-political issues.

  8. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This special subject volume on "Authors" was especially created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and readily understand. Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on birth,…

  9. Astronaut Biography Project for Countermeasures of Human Behavior and Performance Risks in Long Duration Space Flights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Banks, Akeem

    2012-01-01

    This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment

  10. [Lou Andreas-Salome (1861-1937)--psychoanalytical and feministic contribution to understanding her biography].

    PubMed

    Bramness, J G

    2001-06-30

    Lou (Louise) Andreas-Salomé's life and work has preoccupied many biographers. The interest may have be sparked by her liaisons with many of the greatest men of her time. She had an intimate relationship with Friedrich Nietzsche in a period of great change for him. She was Rainer Marie Rilke's mistress for several years. And she pursued a close friendship and working relationship with Sigmund Freud in the latter part of her life. But her significance goes beyond these associations. She was a celebrated novelist and essayist in her own right, with ten novels and more than 50 essays, also on psychoanalytical subjects. She has been viewed as femme fatale, opportunist, feminist, radical, liberal, but also as a significant contributor to psychoanalytical thought. There have been two biographical approaches: a psychoanalytical approach focusing on her loss of father-figures and later difficult relationships with famous men, and a feministic approach accusing psychoanalysts of not contributing to insight, but belittling Salomé's legitimate position. A fuller understanding may be obtained by integrating these two views.

  11. The Emotional Knots of Academicity: A Collective Biography of Academic Subjectivities and Spaces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charteris, Jennifer; Gannon, Susanne; Mayes, Eve; Nye, Adele; Stephenson, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    The highly imagined and contested space of higher education is invested with an affectively loaded "knowledge economy optimism". Drawing on recent work in affect and critical geography, this paper considers the e/affects of the promises of the knowledge economy on its knowledge workers. We extend previous analyses of the discursive…

  12. A Network Biography: Reflecting on a Journey from Birth to Maturity of a Networked Learning Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Alison; Haddock, June; Smith, Tracy

    2007-01-01

    This article charts the development of a networked learning community (NLC). NLCs were established by the National College for School Leadership in 2002 connecting groups of schools to further both pupil and teacher learning. This study examines one sub-network in a London borough, focused on developing Assessment for Learning practices. The…

  13. [Tadeusz Tucholski (1898-1940). A contribution to the scientific biography].

    PubMed

    Tucholska-Załuska, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    Assistant professor Tadeusz Tucholski Ph.D., murdered in Katyń, was one of the most outstanding representatives of the younger generation of Polish physical chemist scholars of the interwar period. He published over 30 scientific papers in the field of physical and chemical properties of explosions, kinetics and catalysis and also toxicology and forensics. Thesere searches were partly performed at the University of Poznań, in the period 1926-1939, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Department of Physics where Tucholski was employed as a senior assistant and was the closest associate of professor S. Kalandyk, partly at the Department of Forensic Medicine headed by professor S. Horoszkiewicz in the chemical-toxicological laboratory which Tucholski ranin the years 1931-1939, partly at the Warsaw University of Technology in the Department of Explosives Technology of the Faculty of Chemistry headed by professor T. Urbański, where he had been lecturing "On the latest theories of explosives" since 1937 and in 1934-35 in Cambridge, as a teaching fellow of the National Culture Fund, in Colloid Science Laboratory headed by professor E.K. Rideal. In 1903 Tucholski moved with his parents to Zabaykalye, in 1911--to Brazil. He returned to Poland in 1920, joined the Polish Army and with the 14th Polish Medium Regiment fought on the fronts of the Polish-Bolshevik War. He was drafted to the School of Pyrotechnics Foremen at Corps District Command number VII (Poznań). After graduating, Tucholski remained on active duty as a professional pyrotechnic: from 1921 to 1929 he was appointed the head of the Laboratory of Chemical and Pyrotechnic Ammunition Workshop No. 2 in Poznań and as an inspector of magazines of explosives. In 1927 he was transferred to the reserves, in 1932 after having graduated from the Officer Cadet School in Jarocin, Tucholski was appointed a second lieutenant in the Army Reserve, and later moved from the officers infantry corpsto the army ordnance corps. As part of his specialty, he constantly cooperated with the army. In the years 1937-1939,Tucholski was a technical adviser to the Ministry of Military Affairs and from August 1939--an independent researcher at the Institute of Armament Technology. He took part in the works of the Explosives Commission of the Military Technical Society. Tadeusz Tucholski was a self-taught man. He passed his A-level examsin course of his military service in October 1923 and began studying chemistry at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Poznań. He obtained his Master's degree in 1927, the rank and the degree of Ph.D. in the field of chemical sciences and physics in 1930. In 1936, he became the Associate Professor of physical chemistry of explosives at the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Technology in Warsaw. Tucholski invented the method of the differential thermal analysis. He is the author of the widely used differential calorimeter which records the-processes of conversion of explosives during heating, presently known as the Differential Scanning Calorimeter.

  14. The Chameleon Career: An Exploratory Study of the Work Biography of Information Technology Workers in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ituma, Afam; Simpson, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to explore claims about the changing nature of careers by focusing on how information technology (IT) workers enact careers in the context of Nigeria. The theoretical framework guiding this research is that societal context (social structure and institutions) has an influence on the career patterns exhibited by…

  15. The Effect of Author Biography upon the Comprehension and Appreciation of Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Larry Kenneth

    This study investigated whether the inclusion of biographical material about a poet contributes to or detracts from the comprehension and appreciation of poetry. Twenty randomly selected poems were presented to two tenth grade average-ability English classes. The control group listened to an audio-recording of each poem while it concurrently read…

  16. Missing Citations, Bulking Biographies, and Unethical Collaboration: Types of Cheating among Public Relations Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auger, Giselle A.

    2013-01-01

    Students cheat. For the field of public relations, which continually struggles for credibility, the issue of student cheating should be paramount, as the unethical students of today become tomorrow's practitioners. Through a survey of 170 public relations majors, this study examined the importance students place on the Public Relations Society of…

  17. "Hollywood nurses" in West Germany: biographies, self-images, and experiences of academically trained nurses after 1945.

    PubMed

    Kreutzer, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    The School of Nursing at Heidelberg University was founded in 1953 on the initiative of the Rockefeller Foundation to generate new, scientifically trained nursing elite to advance the professionalization of nursing in West Germany. The "American" concept met massive resistance. Its "superior nursing training" was seen as creating "Hollywood nurses"-a threat to the traditional Christian understanding of good, caring nursing. Intense social conflicts also caused problems with other groups of nurses. The school nevertheless played a very important role as a "cadre academy" in the history of professionalization. Many of the first German professors in the nursing sciences trained or underwent further training in Heidelberg.

  18. The Young Rural Generation in the Polish People's Republic: Autobiographies, Personalities, Things and Events, Biography and History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalasinski, Jozef

    Diaries of rural youth writing during the transformation period of the Polish Peoples Republic (1950-1960's) were analyzed in terms of: individual autonomization and historical processes; identification with the Polish Peoples Republic and self-awareness (direct experience and historical awareness); youth and the revolutionary spirit of…

  19. Short biography of Louis Daniel Beauperthuy (1807-71): pioneer of microbiology and medical science in Venezuela.

    PubMed

    Godoy, Gerardo A; Tarradath, Ewart

    2010-02-01

    Louis Daniel Beauperthuy was a pioneer of microbiology in Venezuela where he developed microscopic and clinical research together with academic and scientific observation related to leprosy and the role of insects in the transmission of febrile illnesses.

  20. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume II. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series this volume presents biographical sketches of persons of Asian American heritage who have made contributions to American life. Asian Americans have often been subjected to racial and ethnic prejudice as have other easily identifiable groups of Americans. The series, written at a reading level of grades 5 to 6, but…

  1. Mapping a Space of Biography: Karl Triebold and the Waldschule of Senne I-Bielefeld (c.1923-1939)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thyssen, Geert

    2012-01-01

    Starting from a "life geography" of Karl Triebold, a leading figure in open-air education, this article provides an understanding of the seemingly ordinary but still idiosyncratic development of a German open-air school. Triebold's life's work, the fight against tuberculosis, conceived as character education through healthy occupation,…

  2. Montage of a Queering Deferred: Memory, Ownership, and Archival Silencing in the Rhetorical Biography of Langston Hughes.

    PubMed

    Summers, Ian

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the intersection of archival privilege and heteronormative bias in the queering of Langston Hughes. Although it has been a common belief in LGBTQ communities that Hughes was gay, the battle over how his sexuality is defined in various biographical texts involves broader issues of dominant representations of sexuality and who gets to speak for those no longer able to speak for themselves. As such, the article examines the texts Looking for Langston and The Life of Langston Hughes as well as the discourses that surrounded both. Through this case study, it is apparent that there are still numerous cultural challenges posed to historical queering and that scholars must take an inventive approach to overcome them.

  3. "Is English Also the Place Where I Belong?": Linguistic Biographies and Expanding Communicative Repertoires in Central Java

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zentz, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    This article employs the term "communicative repertoire" in order to highlight that when one learns any new "language", one introduces new communicative resources into a unified communicative repertoire. As repertoires represent such singular "grammars" in individuals' minds, learned communicative resources can…

  4. Increasing Professional Self-Understanding: Self-Study Research by Teachers with the Help of Biography, Core Reflection and Dialogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koster, Bob; van den Berg, Bas

    2014-01-01

    There is growing interest in self-study methods being used by teachers and teacher educators to improve their own practice. The focus of these self-studies seems to be more on acting than on understanding, and here we focus on a group of teachers who explore their professional identities. Teachers participating in a Master's degree study were…

  5. When Robert E. Park Was (Re) Writing "The City": Biography, the Social Survey, and the Science of Sociology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lannoy, Pierre

    2004-01-01

    Sociological production is a situated and embodied activity carried out by individuals inserted in actual social relations. Considering that this feature has an influence upon the content of scholarly literature and that it can be revealed in the scientific text itself, I propound a new interpretation of the writing process of Robert E. Park's…

  6. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications

    PubMed Central

    Rida, Padmashree C. G.; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu

    2016-01-01

    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable “Renaissance drug” worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine’s profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine’s purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine’s unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds. PMID:26179481

  7. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume I. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series this volume presents biographical sketches of persons of Asian American heritage who have made contributions to American life. Asian Americans have often been subjected to racial and ethnic prejudice, as have other easily identifiable groups of Americans. The series, written at a reading level of grades 5 to 6, but…

  8. Classic to Contemporary: Famous Artists and Activities. A Teacher's Guide Featuring 19 Famous Artists' Biographies and Enrichment/Research Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinghorn, Harriet; Lewis-Spicer, Lisa

    By studying the lives, important achievements, and works of famous artists, students may come to understand what those artists hoped to communicate to the world. By participating in art activities that are related to these artists' styles, students practice skills of observing, analyzing, and creating. This instructional guide provides…

  9. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications.

    PubMed

    Rida, Padmashree C G; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu

    2015-09-01

    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable "Renaissance drug" worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine's profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine's purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine's unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds.

  10. [New study on the history of anesthesiology--(12). A biography of Seigo Minami, the first to describe crush syndrome].

    PubMed

    Matsuki, Akitomo

    2006-02-01

    Crush syndrome causes a social concern as we experienced in the devastating earthquake in Kobe area in 1995. In the laboratory of Prof. Pick of Berlin, Seigo Minami (1893-1975), a dermatologist, made a detailed microscopic study of the kidneys of three German soldiers in 1922. They had died from renal failure caused by traumatic injuries during the World War 1. Minami concluded that the common cause of their deaths was "Autointoxication" due to necrotic breakdown of damaged muscles. His paper appeared in Virchows Archiv in 1923. This is the first description of crush syndrome in the world. Thereafter Minami joined the members of Prof. Warburg, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute to investigate respiration and glycolysis of cancer tissues of rats. This research made an important contribution to the works of Prof. Warburg to whom a Nobel prize for medicine and physiology was awarded in 1931. Minami's name as the first describer of crush syndrome remains quite unknown in Japan, although almost all Japanese dermatologists know him by Minami Prize of Japanese Society of Dermatology.

  11. Negotiating Professional and Personal Biographies in a Liquid World: Creating Space for Reflexive Innovation in Career Counselling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Hazel; West, Linden

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the constraints to innovative, creative and reflexive careers counselling in an uncertain neo-liberal world. We draw on previously reported research into practitioners' use of a narrative model for career counselling interviews in England and a Europe-wide auto/biographical narrative study of non-traditional learners in…

  12. Determined to Stay or Determined to Leave? A Tale of Learner Identities, Biographies and Adult Students in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the meaning and experience of retention and withdrawal in higher education from the perspective and voices of non-traditional adult students. It draws on UK biographical data from a European study on access, retention and withdrawal. Withdrawal is perceived negatively by higher education institutions and policymakers as it…

  13. ["I believe you have created a new type of biography ... ". K. R. Eissler's letters to Wolfgang Hildesheimer].

    PubMed

    Buchholz, Hartmut

    2010-01-01

    These letters, hitherto unpublished except for two and archived in Hildesheimer's estate, were mainly written in 1977/78. They are reactions to Hildesheimer's book about Mozart (1977), centering on two topics: Mozart's relation to his "Bäsle" (female cousin) and their different estimation of The Magic Flute. Eissler emerges as a Mozart connoisseur, "being in love" with the libretto of The Magic Flute which he defends against Hildesheimer. His preoccupation with this opera is testified by a set of manuscripts which are also discussed in this paper. The two writers concurred in their understanding of genius, both of its incommensurable nature and its psychopathology.

  14. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume III. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six and as a tribute to the contributions Asian Americans have made to the United States, this volume presents biographical sketches of Asian Americans who can serve as role models for today's youth. The profiles in the series show the triumph of the human spirit. Volume…

  15. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume IV. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    This collection of biographical sketches presents role models of Asian American descent for American children. As part of the five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six, the success stories of the individuals profiled in this volume, and who have encountered racial prejudice and discrimination, remind all of the unique…

  16. Let's Meet Famous Women Artists. A Creative Art Activity Book. A Teacher's Guide Featuring 19 Famous Women Artists' Biographies and Enrichment/Research Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badman, Jacqueline; Lewis-Spicer, Lisa

    This activity guide showcases the work of 19 women artists who have made outstanding contributions to the world of art in spite of the incredible obstacles society placed upon them. Artists, alphabetically presented, include: Sofonisba Anguissola, Rosa Bonheur, Deborah Butterfield, Rosalba Carriera, Janet Fish, Helen Frankenthaler, Giovanna…

  17. Personality and Biography: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the History of Adult Education. Volume I: General, Comparative, and Synthetic Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedenthal-Haase, Martha, Ed.

    This volume includes the following papers: "Foreword: The Standing International Conference on the History of Adult Education (AE)" (Franz Poeggeler); "Editor's Introduction: Perspectives on the Sixth International Conference on the History of AE" (Martha Friedenthal-Haase); two special addresses by Joerg Prinzhausen and Ursula…

  18. DETECTION OF IMBHs WITH GROUND-BASED GRAVITATIONAL WAVE OBSERVATORIES: A BIOGRAPHY OF A BINARY OF BLACK HOLES, FROM BIRTH TO DEATH

    SciTech Connect

    Amaro-Seoane, Pau; Santamaria, LucIa E-mail: Lucia.Santamaria@aei.mpg.d

    2010-10-20

    Even though the existence of intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs; black holes with masses ranging between 10{sup 2} M{sub sun} and 10{sup 4} M{sub sun}) has not yet been corroborated observationally, these objects are of high interest for astrophysics. Our understanding of the formation and evolution of supermassive black holes, as well as galaxy evolution modeling and cosmography would dramatically change if an IMBH were to be observed. From the point of view of traditional photon-based astronomy, which relies on the monitoring of innermost stellar kinematics, the direct detection of an IMBH seems to be rather far in the future. However, the prospect of the detection and characterization of an IMBH has good chances in lower frequency gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics using ground-based detectors such as the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), Virgo, and the future Einstein Telescope (ET). We present an analysis of the signal of a system of a binary of IMBHs based on a waveform model obtained with numerical relativity simulations coupled with post-Newtonian calculations at the highest available order. IMBH binaries with total masses between 200 and 20,000 M{sub sun} would produce significant signal-to-noise ratios in Advanced LIGO and Virgo and the ET. We have computed the expected event rate of IMBH binary coalescences for different configurations of the binary, finding interesting values that depend on the spin of the IMBHs. The prospects for IMBH detection and characterization with ground-based GW observatories would not only provide us with a robust test of general relativity, but would also corroborate the existence of these systems. Such detections should allow astrophysicists to probe the stellar environments of IMBHs and their formation processes.

  19. [A short biography of Paul Bonét-Maury (1900-1972) or parallel lives of a pharmacist: researcher and judoka].

    PubMed

    Grognet, Jean-Marc

    2015-12-01

    Pharmacist by training, doctor in sciences and student of Marie Curie, he will be between 1925 and 1965 one of the pioneers of radiobiology, science of the study of the interaction between ionizing radiations and living matter. He will be the initiator of the teaching on the use of radioelements in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time as he develops a scientific work of international level, he makes a commitment prematurely in the judo of which he will be one of the first four French black belts. He founds in 1946 the French Federation of this sport of which he will be president until 1956, year from which he becomes a general secretary of the International Federation of Judo until 1971.

  20. Patrick Browne (ca. 1720-1790), Irish physician, historian and Caribbean botanist: a brief biography with an account of his lost medical dissertations.

    PubMed

    Nelson, E C

    2000-01-01

    Patrick Browne (ca. 1720-1790), a native of County Mayo, Ireland, studied medicine in Paris, graduated from the University of Rheims in 1742, and briefly continued his studies at Leiden before practising as a doctor at St Thomas's Hospital, London. Subsequently, he lived for many years in the Caribbean, in Antigua, Jamaica, Saint Croix and Montserrat, but retired to County Mayo in 1771. Browne published The civil and natural history of Jamaica in 1756 a most significant work in terms of botanical nomenclature, which included new names for 104 genera, and he promised also a volume of medical essays, but this was never printed. Fragments of his essays on venereal disease and yaws have been traced among his correspondence with Carl Linnaeus.

  1. Scientist within You, Vol. 1: Experiments and Biographies of Distinguished Women in Science. Instructor's Guide for Use with Students Ages 8-13. Second Edition, Completely Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Rebecca Lowe; Thompson, Mary H.

    This book highlights women's achievements in science and mathematics from the first century A.D. to the present. Included are paleontologists, geologists, astronomers, mathematicians, chemists, botanists, biologists, engineers, physicians entomologists, and atomic physicists. Their noteworthy accomplishments are translated to students through…

  2. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    PubMed

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  3. The History of the Foundation of the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in 1974 and the Biography of its Founder; Professor Fereydoun Ala.

    PubMed

    Azizi, Mohammad Hossein; Nayernouri, Touraj; Bahadori, Moslem

    2015-06-01

    The history of early attempts of blood transfusion in Iran traces back to the 1940s; however, around three decades later in 1974, the Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service (Sazeman-e Melli-e Enteqal-e Khun-e Iran) was founded by the outstanding hematologist, Professor Fereydoun Ala. The main goals of this centralized organization were to collect blood from healthy voluntary donors, to screen the donated blood and to provide various safe blood products based on scientific and ethical standards. In due course, a new era of blood transfusion service in Iran had begun to such a degree that after more than four decades of its activity, it is now considered the best-developed blood service in the eastern Mediterranean region. Here, a brief historical account of the early blood transfusion efforts and the establishment of the modern Iranian National Blood Transfusion Service in Iran is discussed in addition to the life and career of its founder and first director, Professor Fereydoun Ala.

  4. Gender, the City and the Politics of Schooling: Towards a Collective Biography of Women "Doing Good" as Public Moralists in Victorian London

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jane

    2005-01-01

    This article tells the stories of four middle class, white, English women whose participation in educational policy making is little known: Annie Leigh Browne (1851-1936), Margaret MacDonald (1870-1911), Hilda Miall-Smith (born 1861) and Honnor Morten (1861-1913). In doing so, it provides a perspective on the circumstances that enabled or…

  5. Interagency National Security Knowledge and Skills in the Department of Defense (Briefing Charts)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    in other Departments o Educational opportunities and quotas for executives o Precepts to promotion boards and analysis of official biographies ...statutory requirement 4 Analysis of Official Service Biographies Service Flag Officer and Senior Executive Biographiesж 7 Interagency...Council also contains references to National Security Council Staff * Strategic Planner also contains references to Strategic Plans ж SES Biographies

  6. Humor As a Weapon in Virginia Woolf's "Orlando."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackett, Robin

    Virginia Woolf's "Orlando" is an excellent example of mock biography to use in literature classes concerned with analyzing literary genres. Woolf used humor to undermine some conventions of the genre of biography and to reform biography into a shape adequate to express the life of Vita Sackville-West. An ordinary biography most likely…

  7. 77 FR 27741 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... notice can be deleted. A0351b IRMC IRMC Student/Faculty/Senior Staff Biography System (December 18, 2001, 66 FR 65180). Reason: The IRMC Student/Faculty/Senior Staff Biography System has now ] transferred...

  8. 77 FR 66442 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ... Liaison Officer, Department of Defense. DELETION: DWHS P48 Biographies of OSD, WHS, and JS Officials (August 23, 2004, 69 FR 51813). Reason: Based on a recent review of DWHS P48, Biographies of OSD, WHS,...

  9. Learning from Others.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daisey, Peggy; Dabney, Jocelyn

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the use of biographies to increase student interest in plant science. Presents the biography of Wangari Maathai, a Kenyan woman who empowered women and children to plant and care for millions of trees in Kenya, as an example of teaching with biographies. (JRH)

  10. Deafness as Conflict and Conflict Component

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heuer, Christopher Jon

    2007-01-01

    Writers of D/deaf autobiographies or biographies face something of a dilemma when incorporating deafness into the stories they tell. This includes writers of D/deaf fiction because many such works are based on the same personal experiences from which autobiographies and biographies are derived. At heart, autobiographies and biographies are merely…

  11. Influences of mechanical exposure biographies on physical capabilities of workers from automotive industry - a study on possible dose-response relationships and consequences for short and long term job rotation.

    PubMed

    Rademacher, Holger; Bruder, Ralph; Sinn-Behrendt, Andrea; Landau, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a field study in production areas of a vehicle manufacturing plant, where 106 male workers (aged from 20 to 63 years) were examined and interviewed by the authors. Aim of study was to identify relationships between specific physical worker capabilities and doses of mechanical exposures using self-developed standardized questionnaires as well as a battery of work-specific tests. The dependent variables are different "physical capabilities", classified using a five-point rating scale with regard to the grade of limitation of the respective capability. Independent variables are "age" and specific "mechanical exposures". Several exposures were combined and multiplied with their respective durations in order to determine doses on three different body regions - back, shoulder-neck and upper limbs. There are significant positive correlations between "age" and "dose of mechanical exposure on back/shoulder-neck/upper limbs region". The analysis of the relationship between dose of exposure and different capabilities to lift or reposition loads (with variable weight) shows weak significant correlations for all three body regions. Data analysis shows no significant correlations between any dose of mechanical exposure and capabilities to work in awkward body postures.These results should be considered in age management programs when scheduling future employee assignments to workplaces, especially for production systems where manual handling tasks are dominant.

  12. [An international medical expert committee's participation in uncovering the truth on the liquidation of Polish officers found in mass graves at Katyn in the spring of 1943 and the biography of a Danish participant, Helge Tramsen (1910-1979)].

    PubMed

    Rosdahl, Nils

    2008-01-01

    The article is based on a paper read as a invited speaker at a conference, entitled "Medical experts and expertise in cases of humanitarian crises "convened by the University of Geneva and the Committee of the International Red Cross in April 2007. The article starts with an overview of Polish history from the end of World War I up to the disclosure of the mass graves in the spring of 1943, but is otherwise a translation of the original English lecture with some additions from new findings.in archives. Helge tramsen was born into a bourgois family in Copenhagen. After graduation in medicine from the University of Copenhegen in 1936 he married a British woman and joined the naval medical corps and also embarked on a surgical career.. From 1940 to 1943 he was prosector at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Copenhagen. After the finding of the mass graves at Katyn, Germany requested from a number of European countries under German control forensic experts to join an international commission to investigate the findings. As the professor of forensic medicine declined perobably due to health reasons Tramsen was sent. During the German occupation of Denmark 1940 to 1945 Tramsen according to family tradition participated in the resistance movement and he consulted with members of the more conservative part of it and was recommended to go to Germany with an added purpose of being able to transport material out of Germany. He went with special plane from Copenhagen to Berlin, where he joined the international group, which later flew to Smolensk via Warszawa. He conducted a post mortem on the body of a Polish officer, selected by himself. Following that he attended in the discussion on the final report, which later in Berlin was handed over to the German minister of health, and which later formed an important part of the official German material accusing the USSR for the killing. During his stay in Berlin he claimed to have collected material, which in his opinion was drawings of the Eder Möwe dams and brought it back to Copenhagen with the severed head of the body of the Polish officer, on which he has carried out the post mortem. After Tramsen's return to Denmark, a British agent obtained his travel report and sent it to London and he later obtained additional information from Tramsen on the unanimous and voluntary conclusion of the experts. No information on the drawings and the head can be found in British archives. According to Tramsen's own account as a naval officer on activities during the occupation, he participated in sabotage actions, but that can not be substantiated by other sources. However, he participated in July 1944 in an attach on a fortress north of Copenhagen, held by the German Navy; the attach failed, and Transen went under ground, but later returned to his flat in Copenhagen, where he was taken prisoner by German security police. As prisoner he underwent torture and was subjected to mocked execution. He was transferred to a concentration camp, but probably due to the intervention by the permanent secretary of the Danish Foreign office, which after the Danish Government has stopped functioning in August 1943 kept the administration running and retained contacts with the German occupation authorities, Tramsen was not sent to a concentration camp in Germany, where survival rates were very low, but to one in Denmark. After the German defeat in May 1945 Tramsen continued his career in surgery, but went into general practice in Copenhagen in 1947, when he also obtained a permanent position in the naval medical service., where he remained until normal retirement in 1970, in the latter part as the highest ranking medical naval officer. He also served as medical chief at the Danish hospital ship Jutlandia serving as Danish contribution to the UN off the coast of Korea during the Korean war. He also attended as representative of the Danish Ministry of Defence the conference on the revision of the Geneva Conventions. No doubt Tramsen feared Soviet retaliation, but on the other hand he also showed courage by giving evidence at the US congressional hearings in 1952, where he confirmed that there had been no German pressure on the participants, and their conclusions had been voluntary and unanimous. He also gave an interview on Radio Free Europe transmitted to Poland in 1962. in which he desribed his experiences in Katyn. In 1971 his eldest daughter died in Warsaw, offially by carbon-monoxid poisoning from a gas heater. In theory it could be an accident, homicide or suicide. He felt it could be a revenge and in his grief he felt responsible and had a nervous break down. He died from a somatic illness in 1979 and during his terminal illness he told about his experiences from the war to a nephew.

  13. Challenges in a Qualitative Study of a Tribal Leader by a Non-Indian Researcher: How a Biography of a Tribal Leader Endures Time and a Change in Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackett, Georgia M.

    2013-01-01

    The Tribal College Movement began in the late 1960's in some of the poorest and most remote areas of the country among some of the largest and most dynamic tribal groups. Of the colleges, only one moved quickly toward university status: Sinte Gleska University, located on the Rosebud Sioux Reservation in South Dakota. Its President, Lionel…

  14. The Enigma of Newton

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunan, E.

    1973-01-01

    Presents a brief biography of Sir Isaac Newton, lists contemporary scientists and scientific developments and discusses Newton's optical research and conceptual position concerning the nature of light. (JR)

  15. A "Little House" Collection: Laura Ingalls Wilder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2001-01-01

    Presents a biography of children's book author Laura Ingalls Wilder; suggests appropriate activities related to her and the historical period of her books; and includes an annotated bibliography of her books, biographies, information material, activity books, media adaptations, Web sites, biographical information, and literary criticism and adult…

  16. The History of Urban Gifted Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The history of the world could be told through countless biographies, as Carlyle said, and these biographies undoubtedly would represent gifted individuals and their contributions at different times in different cultures of the world. The Greeks and Romans recognized the value of talent, as did the tribes of the Bible, responding to the parables…

  17. Living Proof: What Helen Keller, Marilyn Monroe, and Marie Curie Have in Common.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saul, E. Wendy

    1986-01-01

    Examines biographies of Marie Curie written for children and discusses two types of distortions: simple misrepresentations of fact and selective retelling of the past. It is concluded that biographies of minority or female success should deal specifically with strategies used by the hero or heroine to combat prejudice. (EM)

  18. Commentary: Building Web Research Strategies for Teachers and Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloy, Robert W.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents web research strategies for teachers and students to use in building Dramatic Event, Historical Biography, and Influential Literature wiki pages for history/social studies learning. Dramatic Events refer to milestone or turning point moments in history. Historical Biographies and Influential Literature pages feature…

  19. Dedication: Hugh Daubeny, Berry Breeder and Enthusiast Extraordinaire

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This manuscript presents a short biography of Dr. Hugh Daubeny, now emeritus geneticist from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. This biography is being published as a dedication chapter for a book on raspberry breeding, an activity that Dr. Daubeny pursued for his 45-year career. Hugh has released 15...

  20. Aspirations of a Leader: A Biographical History through a Narrative Lens

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peeler, Eleanor

    2012-01-01

    Biography is often construed as life story, life history or memoir. The author who narrates the life of another the biographer may skim the surface to relate the events that occurred during the subject's life or dig deeply to explore the social and political issues that shaped her/his development. The subject of this biography is a man who grasped…

  1. Jan Czochralski: Brief sketch of his life and achievements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pajaczkowska, Anna

    2014-09-01

    On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the death and the approaching centenary of the discovery of the Czochralski method a brief sketch of biography and achievements of Professor Jan Czochralski is presented. Biography and scientific achievements of Jan Czochralski are associated with Kcynia hometown, and to his stay in Berlin, Frankfurt and Warsaw.

  2. American Indian Doctors Today. Volume Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beiswenger, James N., Ed.

    The Indians Into Medicine Program presents an additional 44 brief biographies of American Indian health professionals (7 women and 37 men) from 29 different tribal groups, to acquaint young Indian people with potential careers in health professions (4 of the biographies appeared in Volume One). The biographical sketches contain information on:…

  3. Russian Military Reform From Perestroika to Putin: Implications for U.S. Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-04-01

    A Military Biography: Russian Minister of Defense General Igor Rodionov: In With the Old, In With the New,” Journal of Slavic Studies , Vol. 9, no. 2...Biography: Russian Minister of Defense General Igor Rodionov: In With the Old, In With the New.” Journal of Slavic Studies , Vol. 9, no. 2 (June 1996

  4. Robert Maynard Hutchins: A Memoir.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Milton

    This biography reviews the life of Robert Maynard Hutchins, a leader in higher education in the 20th century, by a long-time friend and colleague. The biography first follows Hutchins' story from his origins as a preacher's son in rural Ohio to Oberlin College, through early success at the Yale Law school where he reformed legal education and…

  5. Success Stories 2001: Past, Present & Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royce, Sherry, Ed.

    This publication is comprised of the biographies of eight individuals designated in the past and nine individuals currently designated as outstanding, successful students from Pennsylvania's adult basic and literacy education (ABLE) programs. Each biography is accompanied by a description of the sponsor program. The past outstanding students are…

  6. A Case for Enlisted Unmanned Aerial System Operators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-02-25

    TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................ iii BIOGRAPHY ...43 iii BIOGRAPHY Lt Col Eric J. Roth graduated from the...Wing at Seymour Johnson AFB from 2005 to 2008. iv ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like to thank the following people: Nikolas Gardner , my research advisor

  7. Students Play the Notables: Testing a Simulation Exercise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvarez, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    Biography has a proven track record of exciting interest in historical events. Barbara Tuchman used it extensively in her best-selling histories, considering it a "vehicle to carry the larger subject," something that "encompasses the universal in a particular... representative." Others favor biography because it "humanizes history," "personalizes…

  8. Popular Nonfiction Authors for Children. A Biographical and Thematic Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Flora R.; Coggins, Margaret; Imber, Jane Hunter

    This sourcebook provides brief biographies of 65 popular children's nonfiction authors. Each profile focuses on how authors go about writing information books by giving a firsthand account of the challenges and rewards of nonfiction writing. Each biography provides a selected bibliography of the author's work, a photo, and a message to the student…

  9. Great Indian Chiefs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pastron, Allen

    Brief biographies and pen and ink portraits of over 40 chiefs and other distinguised American Indians comprise this book. Each page contains a full page portrait and a biography that notes tribal affiliation, important dates, geographical location, major accomplishments, and dealings with other tribes, white settlers, and the United States or…

  10. I Am America Singing: Bob Dylan's Identity Unified through Linguistic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callahan, Erin Colleen

    2014-01-01

    Focus on his biography and his performance in the media has long been the basis of interpretation of Bob Dylan's identity. This has resulted in the accepted critical theory of Dylan's identity as mercurial and lacking a central ipseity. However, as Michael Strachan argues, rock biography is an unstable genre because it treats its subjects as…

  11. Living Lives, Studying Lives, Writing Lives: An Educational Potpourri or Pot au Feu?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Louis M.

    This autobiographical paper describes the teaching of an adjunct faculty member at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, and the doctoral and postdoctoral students he taught. The paper discusses the author's study of the area of biography and autobiography; the use of ethnography, history, and biography in qualitative research; the…

  12. 180 Plus: A Framework for Non-stereotyped Human Roles in Elementary Media Center Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalamazoo Public Schools, MI.

    This annotated bibliography contains 183 nonsexist items for elementary grades. The materials do not depict stereotyped human roles. The items are classified as picture books, fiction, biography, science, social studies, language arts, miscellaneous books, audiovisual biography, and miscellaneous audiovisual materials. Materials are listed…

  13. Myself and Women Heroes in My World. National Women's History Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Women's History Project, Windsor, CA.

    This guide presents biographies of the following women: Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Queen Liliuokalani, Amelia Earhart, Maria Tallchief, and Sonia Manzano. The use of biographies as history provides historical information and role models in a form comprehensible to young students. The personal history booklet that concludes this document…

  14. Rethinking Women's History Month to Inspire Civic Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery, Sarah E.; Christie, Erica M.; Staudt, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    Biography is a popular approach to history education in the younger grades, especially when teaching units of study during Women's History Month, which is March. A biography-centered approach, however, can be problematic when such lessons are not tied to any context, promoting the misconception that individuals create social change in isolation.…

  15. Tom Beaver, Creek Television Reporter. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for elementary school students presents an account of an American Indian television reporter, Tom Beaver (Creek), and includes a map of Oklahoma showing the location of Indian tribes. A teacher's guide following the biography contains information about the Creek tribe and the history of television, learning objectives and directions…

  16. Mentalitat und Intergenerationalitat als Rahmenbedingungen "Lebenslangen Lernens". Konzeptionelle Konsequenzen aus Ergebnissen einer Biografieanalytischen Mehrgenerationenstudie in Ostdeutschland (Mentality and Intergenerationality as Framework Conditions of "Life-Long Learning": Conceptual Consequences To Be Drawn from Results of a Biography-Analytical Multi-Generational Study Carried out in East Germany).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alheit, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Discusses a comprehensive qualitative multigenerational study carried out in East Germany. Shows that social orientations and attitudes remained practically unchanged between the generation of grandparents and grandchildren. Argues that educational processes throughout a life-span can only be understood if mental deep structures and…

  17. Into the Curriculum. Art: There's More than One Way to Create a Picture [and] Reading/Language Arts: Sad Stories Always Make Me Cry [and] Science: Coming Soon...Meteors and Meteorites! [and] Social Studies: Young Pilgrims [and] Social Studies: Family History Mysteries Solved: Significant Seniors' Biographies [and] Social Studies: Following the Trail of Tears [and] Social Studies: Getting the Truth in News Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramsell, Michelle McMorrow; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Presents seven curriculum guides for art, reading/language arts, science, and social studies. Includes library media skills objectives, curriculum (subject area) objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional role, activities and procedures for completion, evaluations, and follow-ups. (AEF)

  18. Cumulated UDC Supplement, 1965-1975. Volume V: Classes 677/9 (677/68 Various Industries and Crafts; Rubber and Plastics, Precision Mechanism Including Automatic Data Processing, Atuomatic Control Engineering, 69 Building, 7 Arts. Architecture. Sport, 8 Languages. Linguistics. Literature, 9 Geography. Biography. History).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Federation for Documentation, The Hague (Netherlands). Committee on Classification Research.

    In continuation of the "Cumulated UDC Supplement - 1964" published by the International Federation for Documentation, this document provides a cumulative supplement to the Universal Decimal Classification for 1965-1975. This fifth volume of a five volume series lists new classification subdivisions in the following subject areas: (1) various…

  19. Four Black Americans: How Learning Made a Difference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiBacco, Thomas V.

    1987-01-01

    Brief biographies are presented of four black Americans who contributed substantially to our culture: Phillis Wheatley, poet; Frederick Douglass, orator and writer; Benjamin Banneker, mathematician and scientist; and Elijah McCoy, inventor. (JD)

  20. K-8 Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Web Feet, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This annotated subject guide to Web sites for grades K-8 focuses on biography, dinosaurs, fairy tales and folk tales, history, math, science, and calendar connections for December observances. Specific grade levels are indicated for each annotation. (LRW)

  1. Benjamin Banneker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Conley, Kevin

    A biography of the eighteenth-century black tobacco farmer who taught himself mathematics, astronomy, and clockmaking; became famous for his almanacs; and assisted in the original survey of Washington, D.C.

  2. World Organisation for Animal Health

    MedlinePlus

    World Organisation for Animal Health Home About us Presentation Director general office Biography Photos Strategic plan Our ... Food safety and animal welfare History General organisation World Assembly Council Headquarters OIE Regional Representations OIE Regional ...

  3. Calendars in the Moldavian Soviet Republic and Republic of Moldova

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex; Dragan, Dorin

    2007-10-01

    A critical overview of the National Calendars (former Calendars), published in the Moldavian S.S.R. - Republic of Moldova is given, in which one accent on biographies of scientists and not on science itself.

  4. L'Ordine Nuovo: The Legacy of Antonio Gramsci and the Education of Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Paul F.

    1988-01-01

    The author presents a biography of Antonio Gramsci and discusses the influence of Karl Marx on Gramsci's key ideas concerning mode of production, superstructure, hegemony, consciousness, praxis, and intellectuals. Gramsci's emphasis on adult education for socialism is discussed. (CH)

  5. Readings that Made a Difference: Cushing's "The Life of Sir William Osler."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durrell, Donald D.

    1979-01-01

    Describes the impact on the author of reading Harvey Cushing's "The Life of Sir William Osler," a biography of the leading American medical educator in the late nineteenth century, which stressed his reading interests. (DD)

  6. Computers and Collaborative Learning. Proceedings of the Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Annual Symposium (Middlebury, Vermont, June 19-23, 1995).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borchardt, Frank L., Ed.; Johnson, Eleanor M. T., Ed.

    This conference proceeding presents abstracts, complete papers, and presenter biographies from the 1995 Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) annual symposium on computers and collaborative learning. Presented topics included courseware, preconference workshop reports, and conference papers presented, including guest speaker…

  7. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article announces the 2007 recipient of the Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology: Baron Perlman. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Perlman's work, is provided.

  8. A Photographic Atlas of Selected Regions of the Milky Way

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnard, Edward Emerson; Orin Dobek, Foreword by Gerald

    2014-08-01

    Foreword Gerald Orin Dobek; Preface from the original Atlas; Introduction from the original Atlas; Bibliography from the original Atlas; Catalogue of 349 dark objects in the sky; Biography of Edward Emerson Barnard.

  9. Mission, Science, and Race in South Africa; AW Roberts of Lovedale 1883-1938

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glass, I.S.

    2016-02-01

    Book Review: Biography of Alexander William Roberts. Noted educator, variable star observer and politician who represented South African "natives" in the parliament of the Union of South Africa at a time when they had no other representation.

  10. Thomas Sinks, Director, Office of the Science Advisor

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Biography of the Director of the Office of the Science Advisor which is responsible for is responsible for EPA’s human subject research ethics, scientific integrity, and developing cross-agency science policy guidance.

  11. A Select Bibliography of Books on Labor Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, DC.

    This annotated bibliography of 90 books on labor issues presents selections in the following areas: labor history, biographies, contemporary issues, labor economics and labor relations, labor law, labor unions, women and work, and reference books. (DB)

  12. James E. Keeler Pioneer Astrophysicist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterbrock, Donald E.

    1979-01-01

    Gives a short biography of James E. Keeler, and describes some of his outstanding discoveries, and his pioneering work in observational research where he applied physical methods to the analysis of planets, stars and nebulae. (GA)

  13. Leadership Profiles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Branson, Robert K.; Ely, Donald P.

    1996-01-01

    Includes biographies of two educational media and technology leaders: (1) Robert Morgan, a psychologist who saw the potential of educational technology through working with programmed instruction; and (2) L. Paul Saettler, a historian for instructional and educational technology. (LRW)

  14. A Review of Some Print Instructional Materials on Women and Women's Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fentress, Myrtle A.

    1975-01-01

    This essay review of materials on women and women's studies includes reference books, biographies, autobiographies, anthologies, pamphlets and booklets, social studies programs, simulations and games, and radio shows. (JR)

  15. Harry Minti- a project for a book

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex

    2011-08-01

    A short biography and an account of scientific research of the Associated Professor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (Israel), Dr. Harry Minti (b. 1938, Bucharest) is given. His activity as translator was also mentioned.

  16. The Other Newman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broadbent, T. A. A.

    1970-01-01

    Presents a biography of the theologian and philosopher, Francis William Newman (1805-1897), the brother of John Henry Newman. His mathematical contributions were primarily in the area of analysis. (RS)

  17. 2016 TRI National Training Conference: Detailed Agenda

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Agenda listing events, speakers, topics, biographies, and presentations for the 2016 National Training Conference on the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Environmental Conditions in Communities. October 19-21, 2016

  18. Doppelmayr, Johann Gabriel (1671-1750)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Born in Nuremberg, Germany. Widely traveled, he wrote on astronomy, spherical trigonometry, sundials and mathematical instruments, as well as biography and history. He made no discoveries himself, but successfully disseminated the work of others....

  19. Paperbacks in Mass Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardt, Hanno

    1978-01-01

    Lists paperback books on mass communication, divided into six categories: history and biography; appraisals of the press, law, and ethics; cultural, psychological, and social aspects; radio, television, film, photography; international communication; and journalism techniques, miscellaneous. (GW)

  20. Paperbacks in Mass Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardt, Hanno

    1977-01-01

    Provides a list of resources concerning history and biography; appraisals of the press, law, and ethics; cultural, psychological, and social aspects; radio, television, film, and photography; and international communication. (KS)

  1. America's Blood Centers

    MedlinePlus

    ... Spokesperson Biographies Statements Logo & Style Guidelines Every two seconds someone needs blood. It's About Life. Please Donate ... from the Foundation for America’s Blood Centers. 2 SECONDS Every 2 seconds, someone in the United States ...

  2. Founders of the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weakland, John E., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Presents educational biographies of Henry Johnson, I. James Quillen, Lawrence E. Metcalf, and Shirley Engle; all considered founders of the social studies. Additional articles on defining the social studies, problem solving, and mentoring are included in this issue. (JDH)

  3. National calendar-2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rau, Alexe; Avasiloaie, Rodica; Contescu, Elena; Madan, Ion; Sanduta, Elena; Trifan, Aculina; Ciuntu, Ioan

    The calendar contains about 365 biographies of scientists, artists, institutions and orgaizations ordered by their birth day or foundation day from around the world. The main international fests, according to UNESCO calendar are given.

  4. [Susmann Galant (1896-1978). A Russian-Swiss supporter and opponent of Sigmund Freud].

    PubMed

    Müller, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The scientific activity of this Russian psychiatrist is depicted in a short biography. His ambivalent attitude to Freud's dream theory is emphasized. At the end of his medical career he became full professor of psychiatry at Khabarovsk.

  5. The Role of Hispanic Women in the Making of Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Gloria

    1990-01-01

    Sketches the biographies of 12 Hispanic women who contributed to Texas history. Suggests 13 activities pertinent to instruction on the topic. Describes the compilation of 20,000 items for the Texas Women's History Project by historian Ruth Winegarten. (GG)

  6. Newbery Medal Acceptance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freedman, Russell

    1988-01-01

    Presents the Newbery Medal acceptance speech of Russell Freedman, writer of children's nonfiction. Discusses the place of nonfiction in the world of children's literature, the evolution of children's biographies, and the author's work on "Lincoln." (ARH)

  7. R. Tait McKenzie. A Man of Noble Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozar, Andrew

    1984-01-01

    This article explores the contributions of R. Tait McKenzie to the field of physical education and sport. A brief biography shows how McKenzie influenced the development of exercise in education and physical medicine. (DF)

  8. On the Sociology of Higher Education: A Bibliography of Burton R. Clark. Public Administration Series: Bibliography P-763.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quay, Richard H.

    A brief professional biography of Burton R. Clark introduces a bibliography of 59 items written, edited, or co-authored by Dr. Clark since 1954. Items include chapters, handbooks, journal articles, monographs, essays, books, and encyclopedia articles. (MSE)

  9. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Students K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Teacher, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Presents outstanding science trade books published in 2002 for students in grades K-12. Sections include Archaeology, Anthropology, and Paleontology; Biography; Environment and Ecology; Life Science; Physical Science; and Science-Related Careers. (KHR)

  10. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children for 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents an annotated bibliography of outstanding children's science trade books published in 1995 and intended primarily for kindergarten to eighth grade. Sections include biography, environment and ecology, fiction, life science, medicine and medical research, paleontology, and technology and engineering. (JRH)

  11. Salam's independence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fraser, Gordon

    2009-01-01

    In his kind review of my biography of the Nobel laureate Abdus Salam (December 2008 pp45-46), John W Moffat wrongly claims that Salam had "independently thought of the idea of parity violation in weak interactions".

  12. The seven sisters: subgenres of bioi of contemporary life scientists.

    PubMed

    Söderqvist, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Today, scientific biography is primarily thought of as a way of writing contextual history of science. But the genre has other functions as well. This article discusses seven kinds of ideal-typical subgenres of scientific biography. In addition to its mainstream function as an ancilla historiae, it is also frequently used to enrich the understanding of the individual construction of scientific knowledge, to promote the public engagement with science, and as a substitute for belles-lettres. Currently less acknowledged kinds of scientific biography include its use as a medium for public and private, respectively, commemoration. Finally, the use of scientific biography as a research (virtue) ethical genre, providing examples of 'the good life in science', is emphasized.

  13. Political Rhetoric: A Reassessment of Critical Methodologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonchar, Ruth M.; Hahn, Dan F.

    1978-01-01

    Argues that several areas of rhetorical criticism on political speeches need reassessment. These include rhetorical biography, the speaker's purpose, issue analysis, organization or identifying patterns of construction within a speech, and style. (JMF)

  14. STS-26: The return to flight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The major activities leading up to the return to flight of the Space Shuttles are summarized. Major orbiter modifications and solid rocket motor redesign are described. Shuttle payloads are discussed briefly. Also provided are the biographies of the crew.

  15. The Role of Women in the American Revolution: An Annotated Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Vicki G.; Stoeckel, Althea L.

    1975-01-01

    This bibliography presents material which reflects the role of women during the American Revolution through the listing of general resources, biographies, journals, and memoirs. Primary, secondary, dramatized, and juvenile works are included. (JR)

  16. Suzanne Newton's "I Will Call it Georgie's Blues".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Pat

    1998-01-01

    Summarizes Suzanne Newton's children's book, "I Will Call It Georgie's Blues." Includes discussion questions about the book, and a list of activities. Provides an annotated bibliography of fiction, picture books, nonfiction, and biography titles about jazz and jazz musicians. (AEF)

  17. The Principia and its author - a physicist's viewpoint

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, W. A. B.

    1987-11-01

    The author discusses the place of Sir Isaac Newton's 'Principia' in the history of physics. He provides a short biography of Newton and his work and discusses the importance of Newton's work in modern physics teaching.

  18. Names in Physics: Fresnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, M. L.

    1970-01-01

    This short biography of Fresnel traces his early education, his work as an engineer and his theories and discoveries in optics. The importance of Fresnel's ideas on diffraction, interference and double refraction are discussed. Bibliography. (LC)

  19. People and Places. Teacher's Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Priscilla H., Ed.

    1996-01-01

    Reviews teachers' resources related to people and places. Most of these focus on the identification of geographic locations and historical biographies of famous individuals or groups of people. Includes discussions of reference works, audio cassettes, activity kits, and fiction. (MJP)

  20. Crispus Attucks Is Not Enough

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenton, Edwin

    1970-01-01

    Social Studies curriculum dealing with Negro history should not only include the biographies of famous black men, but should also present problem solving situations that force students to clarify their concepts of themselves and of people of other races. (CK)

  1. Poland: Children's Fiction in English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Povsic, Frances F.

    1980-01-01

    Lists and annotates children's books that present Polish folklore and legends, biographies of famous Polish people, personal accounts of life in Poland, and stories about Polish Americans and people living in Poland. (ET)

  2. Outstanding Nonfiction Choices for 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aoki, Elaine; Jensen, Julie; Kerper, Richard; Nathan, Ruth; Smith, Karen Patricia; Zarnowski, Myra

    2000-01-01

    Offers brief descriptions of 20 outstanding nonfiction for children, including the 1999 Orbis Pictus Award winner, and four Orbis Pictus honor books as well as a number of other outstanding nonfiction titles dealing mainly with history and biography. (SR)

  3. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children for 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Lists outstanding science trade books for children in the categories of Biography, Earth and Space Science, Integrated Science, Life Science, Physical Science, and Technology and Engineering. Explains the book selection process. (YDS)

  4. Outlook Tower.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosgrave, Mary Silva

    1979-01-01

    Reviews eight new adult books of interest to high school readers. The books include biographies, works of fiction, and books about dragons, Cubism and Futurism in art, and designing, knitting, and crocheting clothes. (GT)

  5. Urban Waters National Training Workshop 2016

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page will house information on the 2016 Urban Waters National Training Workshop in Arlington VA from July 26 until 28. The page has directions, conference goals, speaker biographies, dates, the agenda, and the link to register.

  6. Recreational Reading for Gifted Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangieri, John N.; Isaacs, Carolyn W.

    1983-01-01

    A bibliography lists approximately 100 works (1974-82) of fiction, biography, poetry, fantasy/science fiction, picture books, and mystery/adventure for gifted elementary children's recreational reading. Citations include information on author, approximate grade level, and publisher. (CL)

  7. Early Spring Booklist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heins, Ethel L.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Reviews and recommends recent new publications and rereleases of both fiction and nonfiction works for young children, older adolescents, and adults. Genres include science fiction, mysteries, and biographies. (CRH)

  8. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology: Irving I. Gottesman. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Gottesman's work, is provided.

  9. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Practice of Psychology: Patricia M. Bricklin. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Bricklin's work, is provided.

  10. Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Announces the 2007 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology: McCay Vernon. A brief biography, highlighting areas of special focus in Vernon's work, is provided.

  11. On the Top Floor of the Old Pope Bicycle Building

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansky, Nelson M.

    1973-01-01

    Presents the biography of Clarence C. Birchard, a music and textbook publisher, who published The Laurel Song Book, which was instrumental in introducing children to contemporary American music. Outlines the variety of contributions Birchard made toward music development. (RK)

  12. Modern Scientific Metaphors of Warfare: Updating the Doctrinal Paradigm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-27

    and Peter Paret. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976) 87. 10. George Gamow , Biography of Physics (New York: Harper & Row, 1961) 93-97...and Tolstoy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978. Gamow , George . Biography of Physics. New York: Harper and Row, 1961. Gat, Azar. The Origins...of Alessandro Volta, Hans Oerstad, Andre Ampere, George Ohm, and Michael Faraday. Collectively, the work of these scientists would eventually redefine

  13. The Lord of Uraniborg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thoren, Victor E.

    1991-04-01

    The Lord of Uraniborg is a comprehensive biography of Tycho Brahe, father of modern astronomy, famed alchemist, and litterateur of the sixteenth-century Danish Renaissance. Written in a lively and engaging style, Victor Thoren's biography offers fresh perspectives on Tycho's life and presents new analyses of virtually every aspect of his scientific work. A range of readers interested in astronomy, history of astronomy, and the history of science will find this book fascinating.

  14. Independent Research and Independent Exploratory Development Programs: FY90. Annual Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    approaches will be compared. Results of the study will be documented in an NPRDC technical report. 55 II I I Il I III IIClAN Biography Robert F...Experienced-based Career Development Robert F. Morrison 63 Using Diagrams for Learning Procedural Tasks Jerry L. Vogt Robert E. Gehring Independent Exploratory...37849 0.0 22.0 What works aTransitioning. 3 Best Papers 5 Biography Michael Cowen is a Personnel Research Psycholo- gist in the Training Systems

  15. General George S. Patton, Jr: Master of Operational Battle Command. What Lasting Battle Command Lessons Can We Learn From Him?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    text.8 General Patton also read numerous biographies and autobiographies constantly attempting to learn from the combat experiences of others. His grasp...not receive prominence in either individual biographies or unit histories.43 The first was the commander and staff’s ability to visualize the...the Rhine on the night of March 22nd. Units crossed at Nierstein and at Oppenheim . Once across the river, the Third Army (which now consisted of four

  16. Physicochemical and biological technologies for future exploration missions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belz, S.; Buchert, M.; Bretschneider, J.; Nathanson, E.; Fasoulas, S.

    2014-08-01

    flight experiment. Both engineering models are being specified in dimensions, components, mass and energy flows. They will serve as a platform for getting operational experience, reliability data and identifying technical problems before the next step is to be realized: in-orbit verification in a spaceflight experiment. biography> biography> biography> biography> biography>

  17. Attraction between hydrated hydrophilic surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanduč, Matej; Schneck, Emanuel; Netz, Roland R.

    2014-08-01

    According to common knowledge, hydrophilic surfaces repel via hydration forces while hydrophobic surfaces attract, but mounting experimental evidence suggests that also hydrophilic surfaces can attract. Using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations at prescribed water chemical potential we study the crossover from hydration repulsion to hydrophobic attraction for planar polar surfaces of varying stiffness and hydrogen-bonding capability. Rescaling the partial charges of the polar surface groups, we cover the complete spectrum from very hydrophobic surfaces (characterized by contact angles θ ≃ 135°) to hydrophilic surfaces exhibiting complete wetting (θ = 0°). Indeed, for a finite range θadh < θ < 90°, we find a regime where hydrophilic surfaces attract at sub-nanometer separation and stably adhere without intervening water. The adhesive contact angle θadh depends on surface type and lies in the range 65° < θadh < 80°, in good agreement with experiments. Analysis of the total number of hydrogen bonds (HBs) formed by water and surface groups rationalizes this crossover between hydration repulsion and hydrophilic attraction in terms of a subtle balance: Highly polar surfaces repel because of strongly bound hydration water, less polar hydrophilic surfaces attract because water-water HBs are preferred over surface-water HBs. Such solvent reorganization forces presumably underlie also other important phenomena, such as selective ion adsorption to interfaces as well as ion pair formation. biography> biography> biography>

  18. The Pasteurization of Marie Curie: A (meta)biographical experiment.

    PubMed

    Wirtén, Eva Hemmungs

    2015-08-01

    Biographies of scientists occupy a liminal space, highly popular with general readers but questioned in academia. Nonetheless, in recent years, historians of science have not only embraced the genre with more enthusiasm and less guilt, they have also turned to the metabiography in order to renew the study and story of scientists' roles. This essay focuses on Marie Curie, the world's most famous female scientist, in order to unpack some of the theoretical and methodological claims of the science biography, and especially to address the sexing mechanisms at play in the construction of the biographical subject. Pierre Curie (1923), Marie's biography of her husband Pierre, paid tribute to her dead husband and collaborator, but also allowed Curie a legitimate outlet to construct her own persona and legacy. Categories such as personhood, person, and persona are not only central to the biography genre but also are essential to the sense of self and self-fashioning of scientists. Looking at how Marie Curie negotiated these categories in Pierre Curie not only gives new insight into Curie's self-fashioning strategies but may also shed some light on the more general analytical lacunae of the science biography.

  19. The Great Scientists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meadows, Jack

    1989-11-01

    This lively history of the development of science and its relationship to society combines vivid biographies of twelve pivotal scientists, commentary on the social and historical events of their time, and over four hundred illustrations, including many in color. The biographies span from classical times to the Atomic Age, covering Aristotle, Galileo, Harvey, Newton, Lavoisier, Humboldt, Faraday, Darwin, Pasteur, Curie, Freud, and Einstein. Through the biographies and a wealth of other material, the volume reveals how social forces have influenced the course of science. Along with the highly informative color illustrations, it contains much archival material never before published, ranging from medieval woodcuts, etchings from Renaissance anatomy texts, and pages from Harvey's journal, to modern false-color x-rays and infrared photographs of solar flares. A beautifully-designed, fact-filled, stimulating work, The Great Scientists will fascinate anyone with an interest in science and how history can influence scientific discovery.

  20. Marcel Grossmann and his Contribution to the General Theory of Relativity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sauer, Tilman

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews the biography of the Swiss mathematician Marcel Grossmann (1878-1936) and his contributions to the emergence of the general theory of relativity. The first part is his biography, while the second part reviews his collaboration with Einstein in Zurich which resulted in the Einstein-Grossmann theory of 1913. This theory is a precursor version of the final theory of general relativity with all the ingredients of that theory except for the correct gravitational field equations. Their collaboration is analyzed in some detail with a focus on the question of exactly what role Grossmann played in it.

  1. Anania Shirakatsi's Webpage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mickaelian, A. M.; Mikayelyan, G. A.

    2014-10-01

    Anania Shirakatsi webpage is presented and described. It is created on the occasion of his 1400th anniversary. The webpage contains following menus: Anania Shirakatsi's biography at ArAS website, his biography in different encyclopedia, an article by Lilit Nazaryan, Internet weblinks related to Anania Shirakatsi, areas of research, list of his works, books about Anania Shirakatsi (most important 43 ones), events connected to his 1400th anniversary, "Shirakatsi" crater on the Moon, Shirakatsi order, memorial coin and stamp, Anania Shirakatsi college, Armenian archaeoastronomy, international organizations related to Astronomy and World Heritage. Anania Shirakatsi's webpage plays an important role in the overall presentation of his life and activities.

  2. ["Utilitarian system" : Heine's legacy poem "legs, to each man two were given" with his lyrical comments on the field of urology].

    PubMed

    Kruse, J A

    2015-08-01

    The chequered biography as well as the enormous and controversial impact history of the poet Heinrich Heine form the notably changing sum of, in his time but also with a view to the future, the more than difficult and manifold relationships from political, social, religious, cultural and economic as well as industrial historical conditions and problems. The works and personality of the poet can rightly be characterized by the subtitle as a current biography laced with innuendo as "the discovery of the European intellectual".

  3. Andrei Ivanovich Negru (1934-1995)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex

    2008-06-01

    A short biography with an account of scientific dead by Andrei I. Negru (1934, Chisinau- ?, Chisinau), engineer, a graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute, doctor in technical sciences, translator is given. An incomplete list of his publications is given, which reffer to forecasting and automation of mechanical engineering with full list of coauthors. The biography is based on Archive documents as well as on the own recollections by the author, which knew him personally. A number of his friends are mentioned throughout the article: Gennady Khatin, aviator, doctor of technical sciences, graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute, Valery Gaina (rock musician), and other.

  4. Putting A Human Face on Equilibrium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glickstein, Neil

    2005-03-01

    A short biography of chemist Fritz Haber is used to personalize the abstract concepts of equilibrium chemistry for high school students in an introductory course. In addition to giving the Haber Bosch process an historic, an economic, and a scientific background the reading and subsequent discussion allows students for whom the human perspective is of paramount importance a chance to investigate the irony of balance or equilibrium in Haber's life story. Since the inclusion of the Haber biography, performance in the laboratory and on examinations for those students who are usually only partially engaged has dramatically improved.

  5. [Sauveur-Henri-Victor Bouvier (1799-1877): orthopaedist, surgeon and promoter of physical education].

    PubMed

    Monet, Jacques; Quin, Grégory

    2013-01-01

    This article establishes the biography of a little known physician of the 19th century., whose commitment with orthopaedics and formulation of medical gymnastics was important: the surgeon-orthopaedist Sauveur-Henri-Victor Bouvier. Several constitutive processes of the medical field of the 19th century are analysed: specialization (around orthopaedics), professionalization and development of various therapeutic and hygienic methods (among them medical gymnastics). Bouvier's biography is particularly instructive and sheds new light on these different processes, as well as on the institutionalization of orthopaedics from the 1820's up to the 1870's, at the intersection between medical and educative fields, between hospital, medical faculty and teaching of gymnastics.

  6. Isolation in the School (1900)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Ella Flagg

    2014-01-01

    This article from the archives of "Schools: Studies in Education," presents a biography of Ella Flagg Young, a dynamic and inspirational leader in American education, with a career that spanned more than 50 years. Young was one of the most outstanding educators during the period that saw the rise of universal education in the United…

  7. 78 FR 66709 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-06

    ... materials presentations, educational programs, FHFA's internal and external Web sites, social media sites... electronic images, video, audio, names, date of visit, participation in events and programs, and biographies... photographs including hardcopy and electronic images, video, audio, names, date of visit, participation...

  8. Author! Author! Amazing Cartoonist, Gifted Writer: William Steig

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2004-01-01

    This article gives a brief biography of William Steig, one of America's best-known cartoonists and, later in life, a beloved children's author and illustrator. A major motion picture based on Steig's picture book "Shrek!" won the first Oscar in the category of best animated feature film in 2002. Steig passed away at the age of 95 in October, 2003.…

  9. Lire le discours passionnel (Reading Passionate Discourse).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bidault, Frederique; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Texts from a variety of genres (letter, narrative, biography, film scenario, and dialogue) and a variety of French authors of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries are provided as examples of discourse with the common theme of passion and as sources for the study of the semiotics of passion. (MSE)

  10. Charles Huntington, Ojibwe Sculptor. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Charles Huntington (Ojibwe), an American Indian sculptor, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on sculpture and the Ojibwe people, suggested activities for learning about sculpture and sculptors, learning objectives and…

  11. Finding the Common Ground.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Dawn

    1980-01-01

    Describes an attempt to combine secondary English instruction emphasizing United States literature with science and history by finding "common ground" between these disciplines in (1) the separation of truth from falsehood and (2) logical thinking. Biographies combined history and literature, and science fiction combined science and English;…

  12. Course Change in the Capital.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oder, Norman

    1998-01-01

    Describes recent changes in the District of Columbia Public Library. Highlights include the search and appointment of a new director; financial problems; past managerial problems; needed technology updates; the impact of municipal government problems; and a sidebar with a biography of the new director, Molly Raphael. (LRW)

  13. Bibliography of Literature and Cross-Culture Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Bonnie

    Prepared by a young people's librarian, this annotated bibliography of 103 citations on minority groups is divided into the following sections: Black Fiction, Black Biography, Black Informational, Black Poetry, African Folktales, Indian Fiction, Indian Informational, Chinese Folktales, Indian Poetry, Indian Legends, Oriental Poetry, Oriental…

  14. Carl Gawboy, Ojibwe Regional Painter. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Carl Gawboy (Ojibwe), an American Indian painter, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on watercolor painting and the Ojibwe people, learning objectives and study questions, instructions for doing a watercolor painting and…

  15. The last of its breed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crease, Robert P.

    2008-01-01

    Its progenitor once described the Dictionary of Scientific Biography - or DSB, as it is known to historians - as a “gothic cathedral”. The analogy is apt: this vast 18-volume reference work is a landmark collaboration, painstakingly crafted by experts, the scope and influence of which have grown over time.

  16. The Way We Were: Conspiracies of Silence in the Wake of the Empire Windrush.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenley, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Illustrates how testimonies of students and their families, teachers, and others involved in post-war secondary education provide a rich, largely untapped resource in researching immigrant experiences of black Caribbean students in the United Kingdom. Explores how such biographies and school histories might help counter the enduring censorship of…

  17. Lessons from Afar: A Review of www.daisakuikeda.org, Official Website of Daisaku Ikeda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arauz, Luis

    2012-01-01

    Daisaku Ikeda (1928- ) is a Buddhist leader, peace builder, school founder, and poet. His own biography and lifework provide a model for how one can transform adversity into alternative opportunities for some of the most disenfranchised students. Scrutinizing Ikeda's official website (www.daisakuikeda.org) reveals an extensive collection of his…

  18. The 1995 Carter G. Woodson Book Awards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Social Education, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Provides concise and interesting reviews of the recipients of the 1995 Carter G. Woodson Book awards. The awards celebrate books for young readers that "treat topics related to ethnic minorities and race relations sensitively and accurately." Reviewed works include biographies of Benjamin Banneker, Marian Anderson, and Harriet Beecher…

  19. School Success and Professional Achievement of Three Women of Serbian-Rom, Italian-Sinti and Albanian-Ashkali Origin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolognesi, Ivana

    2010-01-01

    The following study, conducted in Italy, based on an analysis of the school biographies of three women of Roma, Sinti and Ashkali origin, highlights paths and educational contexts that lead young Roma not only to school success but also to professional achievement. What emerges from the accounts of the family lives and school histories of these…

  20. I'll Be Sending You Angels: A Bio-Bibliography of Cynthia Rylant.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiefer, Rhonda

    This paper is a bio-bibliography of Cynthia Rylant, exploring both her life and writings. The biography examines events in her life which have led to her development as a critically and internationally acclaimed children's author, with special emphasis placed on her childhood, since so many of her works have been inspired by her memories of those…

  1. Myra Beltran and the Aesthetics of an Independent Filipina Woman Dancing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corpus, Rina Angela P.

    2008-01-01

    This essay narrates the biography and dance aesthetics of Myra Beltran, a pioneering, independent and contemporary woman dance artist in the Philippines. Featured here are the history, alternative aesthetics, philosophy, and influences of Myra Beltran's works. It comes from the point of view of an author who is also a woman, dancer, and writer…

  2. Can I Have a Voice in the Nation's Classroom?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sughrua, William

    2013-01-01

    This article utilizes a reflexive ethnographic approach in the form of a "layered text" consisting of academic argument, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, and fiction. The dimension of academic argument involves "critical applied linguistics"; the dimension of literary criticism, Fitzgerald's "The Great…

  3. Author! Author! Beverly Cleary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a brief biography of author Beverly Cleary. Born on April 12, 1916 in McMinnville, Oregon (Yamhill County), Beverly Cleary celebrated her eighty-ninth birthday in 2005. Cleary is probably best known for creating "Ramona" and the other children's book characters who live on Klickitat Street in Portland, Oregon. A selective…

  4. Bead Collage: An Arts-Based Research Method

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, "bead collage," an arts-based research method that invites participants to reflect, communicate and construct their experience through the manipulation of beads and found objects is explained. Emphasizing the significance of one's personal biography and experiences as a researcher, I discuss how my background as an…

  5. An Exploratory Study of Elementary Classroom Teachers' Physical Activity Promotion from a Social Learning Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Collin A.; Buchan, Heather; Perreault, Melanie; Doan, Rob; Doutis, Panayiotis; Weaver, Robert Glenn

    2015-01-01

    Despite its recommended use, physical activity promotion in the academic classroom (PAPAC) has received little attention in terms of the factors that help to facilitate it. In this study, a social learning perspective was adopted to examine the role of physical activity biographies in generalist classroom teachers' (CTs) PAPAC. CTs (N = 213) were…

  6. Truman Smith's Reports on Nazi Militarism: Domestic Political Priorities and U.S. Foreign Policy-Making in Franklin Roosevelt's First and Second Terms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shearer, Sam

    2015-01-01

    After an accomplished military career leading up to and during World War II, Truman Smith (1893-1970) was seemingly forgotten. His name was seldom mentioned after the war until his memoirs were published posthumously in 1984. History shows Smith to be an astoundingly successful figure in military intelligence. This article provides a biography on…

  7. Pensando en Cynthia y su Hermana: Educational Implications of United States-Mexico Transnationalism for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamann, Edmund T.; Zuniga, Victor; Garcia, Juan Sanchez

    2006-01-01

    We use 3 brief educational biographies of students in Mexico who have previously attended public school in the United States to introduce this literature review on United States-Mexico transnational students. This article is also the first of several planned articles stemming from a currently ongoing, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y…

  8. Success Stories Profiles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douthitt, Frieda; And Others

    This packet contains the stories of 20 successful alumni of Ohio's secondary vocational programs and postsecondary technical schools. They have been reproduced as loose-leaf camera-ready art. Suggested uses for these one-page biographies with accompanying photograph include the following: illustrations for use in speeches; reproduction of complete…

  9. Guide to the Logan Pearsall Smith Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pettit, Katherine Denshaw

    A guide to the Logan Pearsall Smith Collection at Trinity University Elizabeth Coates Maddux Library in San Antonio, Texas provides a descriptive overview of the collected works of this renowned epigrammatist, critic, essayist, biographer, and authority on the English language. The guide includes a brief biography of Smith (1865-1946), detailed…

  10. NASA and Me

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wong, Douglas T.

    2010-01-01

    Topics in this student project report include: biography, NASA history and structure, overview of Johnson Space Center facilities and major projects, and an overview of the Usability Testing and Analysis Facility (UTAF). The UTAF section slides include space habitat evaluations with mockups, crew space vehicle evaluations, and human factors research.

  11. Legacies and Traditions of Counseling Psychology: When the Past Is Our Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Stephen W.; Vacha-Haase, Tammi

    2010-01-01

    The Legacies & Traditions Forum has a rich past of documenting individual contributions to the profession of counseling psychology. The history of this forum, as well as early contributors and journal articles, are identified. Themes that emerged from a review of past oral biographies include changes in the work setting for counseling…

  12. Malcolm X: Another Side of the Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Mark

    This biography for younger readers describes the life of Malcolm X, the African American religious and political leader who was prominent in a movement to unite black people throughout the world. The book presents an overview of the civil rights movement and documents Malcolm's role as an advocate for black separatism, black nationalism, and the…

  13. John W. Thoburn: International Humanitarian Award

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's International Humanitarian Award. The 2012 winner, John W. Thoburn, is an extraordinary psychologist who devotes himself consistently to service to underserved populations, especially in the aftermath of natural or human-induced disasters. He exemplifies a genuine…

  14. The Vanguard. Volume 16, Number 1, January 2011. The Influence of Islamic Law on Intelligence and Law Enforcement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    compared to other, similar cases; simple staff coordination /case management becoming mysteri - ously complicated; decision cycle slowed or derailed...two terms: Sira and Sunna. The Sira is “a genre of early Islamic literature.” Mohammad’s biography. “Sira means ‘way of going’; ‘way of acting

  15. Poincaré's contributions to chance and chaos.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szebehely, V.

    In this paper a short and condensed biography of Henri Poincaré is presented with detailed information concerning several biographical references. This is followed by a review of his publications emphasizing his work in celestial mechanics and on the problem of three bodies. His article "Le Hasard" is reviewed in detail discussing his contributions to chaos.

  16. Kelly D. Brownell: Award for Distinguished Scientific Applications of Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Presents a short biography of Kelly D. Brownwell, winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Applications of Psychology (2012). He won the award for outstanding contributions to our understanding of the etiology and management of obesity and the crisis it poses for the modern world. A seminal thinker in…

  17. Readings on "The Canterbury Tales" (Geoffrey Chaucer). The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nardo, Don, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching "The Canterbury Tales," this collection of essays about Geoffrey Chaucer's (d. 1400) classic work contains an in-depth biography of the author and writings from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults;…

  18. Author! Author! Seymour Simon: Science Writer Extraordinaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column presents a brief biography of author Seymour Simon, whose topics for children's photo essays include icebergs, gorillas, thunderstorms, optical illusions, snakes, air, water, planets, airplanes, volcanoes, cars, the brain, bridges, bugs, crocodiles, skyscrapers, sharks, and paper airplanes. Though he is best known in the style and an…

  19. Books for You: A Booklist for Senior High Students. New Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, Robert C., Jr., Ed.

    The books listed in this annotated bibliography, selected to provide pleasurable reading for high school students, are arranged alphabetically by author under 35 main categories: (1) adventure and adventurers; (2) animals; (3) art and architecture; (4) biography; (5) careers and people on the job; (6) cars and airplanes; (7) great books that are…

  20. Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions: Steven F. Maier

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Steven F. Maier, winner of the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions, is cited for his work in the fields of learned helplessness; cytokines, depressed mood, and cognitive interference; and the brain structures that produce and counteract learned helplessness. In addition to the citation, a biography and selected bibliography of Maier's…

  1. American Indian Intellectualism and the New Indian Story.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth

    1996-01-01

    Critically reviews modern writings about American Indians, focusing on Indian romance novels, children's stories, biographies, works by "urban mixed-bloods," and the "art for art's sake" stance. Views non-Native works as irrelevant and most Native writings as self-centered or escapist. Calls for Native intellectuals to…

  2. Chartrand: Congress More Computer Literate. Government Computer News Interview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Government Computer News: The Newspaper Serving Computer Users throughout the Federal Government, 1985

    1985-01-01

    This excerpt from a newsletter presents an interview with Robert Lee Chartrand, senior specialist in information policy and technology for the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, on issues related to information technology and the U.S. Congress. A brief biography of Mr. Chartrand presents his major professional experience,…

  3. 16 Extraordinary American Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hahn, Emma

    This student book presents short biographies of notable women from diverse economic, ethnic, racial, social, and geographic backgrounds. Women highlighted include: (1) Helen Keller; (2) Eleanor Roosevelt; (3) Georgia O'Keeffe; (4) Julia Morgan; (5) Wilma P. Mankiller; (6) Rachel Carson; (7) Dorothea Lange; (8) Rosalyn Sussman Yalow; (9) Ella…

  4. The Role of Values and Evaluation in Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    House, Ernest R.

    2016-01-01

    The concept of values is the central concept in evaluation. There are several ways of looking at values, including from the perspectives of philosophy, psychology, sociology, biology, and biography. In this article Ernest House discusses how values are conceived in cognitive psychology and what that means for evaluation. Further, he discusses the…

  5. Shhh! No Opinions in the Library: "IndyKids" and Kids' Right to an Independent Press

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vender, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    "Nintendo Power," "Sports Illustrated for Kids," and a biography of President Obama were on prominent display as the author entered the branch library in Forest Hills, Queens. The librarian looked skeptical when the author asked the librarian if she could leave copies of "IndyKids" newspapers on the free literature table. The branch manager…

  6. Education at Risk--Educational Care as Part of the Parental Responsibilities for the Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collin-Hansen, Ragnhild

    2012-01-01

    Research shows that the most important factor for the child's success in school is support from the parents. According to studies from several European countries, children, who have grown up under public care, often have unsuccessful school biographies. In Norway, some few studies indicate that the situation is not better for the children. One…

  7. Michael J. Moravcsik: A biographical sketch

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldstein, G. R.

    1990-06-01

    A brief biography of Michael J. Moravcsik is presented, concentrating on the chronology of his contributions to theoretical high- and intermediateenergy physics. The evolution of his interest in science development in the third world, scientific methodology, and scientometrics are indicated. A personal reminiscence is included.

  8. Jazz Listening Activities: Children's Literature and Authentic Music Samples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Nan L.; Fisher, Douglas; Helzer, Rick

    2002-01-01

    Describes a unit that is appropriate for upper elementary and middle school students that focuses on jazz music using biographies about jazz musicians. Discusses the five sections of the unit. Includes a list of "Suggested Jazz Listening Samples," jazz videos, and a bibliography of resources related to jazz music. (CMK)

  9. ASHE: Improvisation & Recycling in African-American Visionary Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Tom

    This exhibition guide provides critical analysis, historical perspective, and brief biographies of 15 self-taught African-American artists whose works were displayed. "Ashe," an African word meaning "the power to make things happen," was used as the theme of the exhibition. The guide verbalizes the exhibit's investigation of…

  10. Readings on the Comedies (William Shakespeare). The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching William Shakespeare's (1564-1616) "Comedies," this collection of essays about the great playwright contains an in-depth biography and writings taken from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  11. Educational Administration as a Historical Discipline: An "Apologia Pro Vita Historia"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samier, Eugenie

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses the contributions history can make to educational administration and how history needs to be conceptualised as a humanities discipline to serve this purpose, including two aspects of the field of particular relevance to educational administration and leadership, biography and comparative studies. The value of history is…

  12. The Sublime Corpse in Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda's Women's Journal "Album Cubano de lo Bueno y lo Bello" (1860)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaGreca, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    This article examines Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda's choice to include articles depicting the advanced decay of cadavers, which are simultaneously horrible and awesome, in her women's periodical "Album Cubano de lo Bueno y lo Bello". Background on Avellaneda's biography, women's print culture, and theories of the sublime provide a frame for the…

  13. Louis Francis Sockalexis: The Life-Story of a Penobscot Indian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellman, Trina

    Detailing the rise and fall of Louis Sockalexis (1871-1913) who was the first American Indian to play in the major baseball leagues, this brief biography emphasizes Sockalexis's: (1) exceptional athletic ability; (2) culture conflict when, as a minority member, he entered main stream American life; (3) problems with alcohol and the ultimate demise…

  14. Focus on Literacy, A to Z: A Reading Consultant's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veatch, Angela, Ed.

    This handbook presents brief descriptions of various aspects of reading instruction and related lesson plans and class activities. Sections of the handbook discuss reading readiness, word recognition, word analysis; word meaning, comprehension, and content area reading. The handbook also offers brief biographies of Jeanne Chall, Theodore William…

  15. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Contains the annotated bibliographies of 78 trade books from 1987. Includes an explanation of the criteria for selection of books. Categories include animals, biography, space science and astronomy, earth science, environment and conservation, life sciences, medical and health sciences, physics, technology and engineering, and others. (CW)

  16. Outstanding Science Trade Books for Children in 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Lists annotations of books based on accuracy of contents, readability, format, and illustrations. Includes number of pages in each entry, price, and availability. Topics cover animals, biographies, space science, astronomy, archaeology, anthropology, earth and life sciences, medical and health sciences, physics, technology, and engineering. (RT)

  17. Edgar Allan Poe: The Army Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, J. Thomas

    This issue of the United States Military Academy Library Bulletin reviews the reported facts of Poe's biography from his enlistment at the age of 15 to the termination of his military sojourn. The 1831 and the 1966 Corps of Cadets' subscriptions for Poe's "Poems" are also discussed, and a long-term inaccuracy regarding the poet's West…

  18. Author! Author! Picture Artist: Stephen Gammell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2005-01-01

    This column presents a brief biography of illustrator Stephen Gammell, well-known for both his black-and-white and his brightly colored children's picture book art. Stephen Gammell has made a long career illustrating children's stories and poems. The first book he illustrated, "A Nutty Business" (written by Ida Chittum), was published in 1973 and…

  19. Obtaining New Teacher Perceptions Using Reflective Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bercik, Janet T.

    An extensive body of knowledge is showing that the links between how teachers think and feel about themselves affects their performance. One coordinator of a new teacher program, comprised of teachers from preschool to high school, asks her new teachers to reflect by writing biography poetry. The coordinator used the poem framework at the…

  20. Tape Recording and the End Product.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    England, A. W.

    1970-01-01

    Intended to provide intense and immediate classroom experiences, tape recording projects of students can take several different forms: (1) unscripted plays and improvised situations (e.g., such "biographies" as "The Life of Charlie MacHerckumdingle: An Awkward Cuss"); (2) plays based on stories or poems (e.g., dramatizations of episodes from "The…