Rondal, J. A.; Elbouz, M.; Ylieff, M.; Docquier, L.
This paper reports on a 15-year follow-up of the linguistic and cognitive profile of a woman with standard trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). The follow-up found recent rapid deterioration in receptive and productive language skills. However, basic phonological and morphosyntactic skills are preserved. Her changing profile mirrors that found in aging…
Court, L; Hauw, J-J
Doctor Françoise Cathala Pagesy, MD, MS, born on July 7, 1921 in Paris, passed away peacefully at home on November 5, 2012. Unconventional, passionate and enthusiastic neurologist and virologist, she devoted her life to research on latent and slow viral infections, specializing mainly on unconventional transmissible agents or prions. As a research member of Inserm (French Institute for Medical Research), she soon joined the team of Carlton Gajdusek (the NINCDS - National Institute of Nervous Central System and Stroke - of NIH), who first demonstrated the transmissibility of kuru and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease to monkeys. When she came back to Paris, where she was followed by one of NIH members, Paul Brown, she joined the Centre de Recherches du Service de Santé des Armées (Army Health Research Center), in Percy-Clamart, where she found the experimental design and the attentive help needed for her research, which appeared heretical to many French virologists, including some authorities. A large number of research programs were set up with numerous collaborations involving CEA (Center for Atomic Energy) and other institutions in Paris and Marseilles on epidemiology, results of tissue inoculation, electrophysiology and neuropathology of human and animal prions diseases, and resistance of the infectious agent. International symposia were set up, where met, in the Val-de-Grâce hospital in Paris, the research community on "slow viral diseases". Stanley Prusiner introduced the concept - then badly accepted and still in evolution - of prion, a protein only infectious agent. Before retiring from Inserm, Françoise Cathala predicted and was involved in some of the huge sanitary crises in France. These were, first, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from contaminated growth hormone extracted from cadavers, which led parents to instigate legal procedure - a quite unusual practice in France. The second was Mad cow disease in the United Kingdom then in France, followed by new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob human epidemics, paradigmatic food safety crisis bringing together the poles of production (beef and meat-and-bone meal) and consumption, and leading to an unexpected social bang. Through Françoise Cathala exemplary life, the history of French, and more generally of worldwide prions diseases is dealt with. PMID:24703683
Court, L; Hauw, J-J
Doctor Françoise Cathala Pagesy, MD, MS, born on July 7, 1921 in Paris, passed away peacefully at home on November 5, 2012. Unconventional, passionate and enthusiastic neurologist and virologist, she devoted her life to research on latent and slow viral infections, specializing mainly on unconventional transmissible agents or prions. As a research member of Inserm (French Institute for Medical Research), she soon joined the team of Carlton Gajdusek (the NINCDS - National Institute of Nervous Central System and Stroke - of NIH), who first demonstrated the transmissibility of kuru and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease to monkeys. When she came back to Paris, where she was followed by one of NIH members, Paul Brown, she joined the Centre de Recherches du Service de Santé des Armées (Army Health Research Center), in Percy-Clamart, where she found the experimental design and the attentive help needed for her research, which appeared heretical to many French virologists, including some authorities. A large number of research programs were set up with numerous collaborations involving CEA (Center for Atomic Energy) and other institutions in Paris and Marseilles on epidemiology, results of tissue inoculation, electrophysiology and neuropathology of human and animal prions diseases, and resistance of the infectious agent. International symposia were set up, where met, in the Val-de-Grâce hospital in Paris, the research community on "slow viral diseases". Stanley Prusiner introduced the concept - then badly accepted and still in evolution - of prion, a protein only infectious agent. Before retiring from Inserm, Françoise Cathala predicted and was involved in some of the huge sanitary crises in France. These were, first, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from contaminated growth hormone extracted from cadavers, which led parents to instigate legal procedure - a quite unusual practice in France. The second was Mad cow disease in the United Kingdom then in France, followed by new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob human epidemics, paradigmatic food safety crisis bringing together the poles of production (beef and meat-and-bone meal) and consumption, and leading to an unexpected social bang. Through Françoise Cathala exemplary life, the history of French, and more generally of worldwide prions diseases is dealt with.
This paper focuses on the search for electromagnetic induction from 1820 to 1831 and the efforts by Augustin Fresnel's colleague, Andre Marie Ampere, in electric and magnetic induction. Faraday's work is discussed with excerpts from his diary on electromagnetism. A variety of different experiments by researchers including Francoise Jean Arago,…
International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).
Papers on cataloging and classification which were presented at the 1985 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Online Cataloging at the Bibliotheque Nationale (Francoise Finelli and Serge Salomon, France); (2) "Development of National Press Repertoire in the Condition of Multinational State: Its Trends…
Tonkin, Humphrey, Ed.; Johnson-Weiner, Karen, Ed.
The proceedings of the conference include the opening address (Francoise Cestac) and these papers: "False Friendship in International Language Planning" (Joseph L. Malone); "Guidelines for Terminology Standardization at the United Nations" (Marie-Josee Jastrab); "Language Policy at the Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique" (Jean-Claude…
Defects in cervical vertebrae in boric acid-exposed rat embryos are associated with anterior shifts of hox gene expression domains
Nathalie Wery,1 Michael G. Narotsky,2 Nathalie Pacico,1 Robert J. Kavlock,2 Jacques J. Picard,1 AND Francoise Gofflot,1*
1Unit of Developme...
Smith, Malcolm G.; Genova, Francoise; Anderson, Johannes; Federman, Steven R.; Gilmore, Alan C.; Nha, Il-Seong; Norris, Raymond P.; Robson, Ian E.; Stavinschi, Magda G.; Trimble, Virginia L.; Wainscoat, Richard J.
Brief meetings were held to confirm the elections of the incoming Division President, Francoise Genova and Vice President, Ray Norris along with the Organizing Committee which will consist of the incoming Presidents of the 7 Commissions (5,6,14,41,46,50 and 55) plus additional nominated members. The incoming Organizing Committee will thus consist of:
Discours oraux--discours ecrits: quelles relations? Actes du 4eme colloque d'orthophoine/logopedie (Neuchatel, 3-4 octobre, 1996) (Oral Discourse--Written Discourse: What Is the Relationship? Proceedings of the Colloquium on Speech Therapy (4th, Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 3-4, 1996).
Py, Bernard, Ed.
Research papers on the relationship between oral and written language include: "Une distinction bien fragile: oral/ecrit" ("A Fragile Distinction: Oral/Written") (Francoise Gadet); "Oral et ecrit dans les representations des enseignants et dans les pratiques quotidiennes de la classe de francais" ("Oral and Written Language in Teachers'…
Iafrate, G.; Ramella, M.; Boch, T.; Bonnarel, F.; Chèreau, F.; Fernique, P.; Osuna, P.
We present preliminary simple interfaces developed to enable students, teachers, amateur astronomers and general public to access and use the wealth of astronomical data available in ground-based and space archives through the European Virtual Observatory (EuroVO). The development of these outreach interfaces are the aim of a workpackage of EuroVO-AIDA (Astronomical Infrastructure for Data Access), a project supported by EU in the framework of the FP7 Infrastructure Scientific Research Repositories initiative (project RI2121104). The aim of AIDA is to create an operating infrastructure enabling and stimulating new scientific usage of astronomy digital repositories. Euro VO AIDA is a collaboration between six European countries (PI Francoise Genova, CDS). The professional tools we adapt to the requirements of outreach activities are Aladin (CDS), Stellarium/VirGO (ESO) and VOSpec (ESA VO). Some initial requirements have been set a priori in order to produce a first version of the simplified interfaces, but the plan is to test the initial simplified versions with a sample of target users in order to take their feed-back into account for the development of the final outreach interface. The core of the test program consists of use cases we designed and complemented with proper multilingual documentation covering both the astrophysical context and the use of the software. In the special case of students in the age group 14-18 and their teachers, we take our use cases to schools. We work out the tests in classrooms supporting students working on PCs connected to the internet. At the current stage of the project, we are collecting the users feedback. Relevant links: Euro-VO AIDA Overview http://www.euro-vo.org/pub/aida/overview.html Euro-VO AIDA WP5 http://cds.u-strasbg.fr/twikiAIDA/bin/view/EuroVOAIDA/WP5WorkProgramme
Sheth, K.; Noriega-Crespo, A.; Ingalls, J.; Paladini, R.
"greening" the conference, from transportation options to elimination of paper. These proceedings are all electronic. We greatly appreciate the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS), whose abstract service makes it easy to disseminate a paperless proceedings. The conference was extremely smooth and did not run over time on any day - this would not have been possible without the help and experience of the local organizing committee. In particular, we want to acknowledge the help of the Spitzer conference experts: Mary Ellen Barba, Roseanne Scholey, Helga Mycroft, Eloise Kennedy and the ISG team. We thank Megan Crane for designing and maintaining the abstract and registration submission pages. We also thank Seppo Laine, Tim Pyle and Robert Hurt for their help with designing the conference poster and the conference mascot (Dusty Starr!). Members of the SSC science staff (Sean Carey, Deborah Padgett, Caroline Bot, Sachin Shenoy and Roberta Paladini) served on the LOC and were ready to help as needed. A particular shout out goes to Jim Ingalls, web designer extra-ordinaire for a beautiful and easy to navigate website. And kudos to Roberta Paladini and Jim Ingalls for their work with the ADS in putting together these electronic proceedings. The conference would not have been as successful without the scientific program which was put together with the help of an incredible scientific organizing committee (Lia Athanassoula, Francois Boulanger, Pauline Barmby, Francoise Combes, Ed Churchwell, Debra Elmegreen, Neal Evans, George Helou, Robert Kennicutt, Jin Koda, Peter Martin, Paul Martini, Eva Schinnerer, Alberto Noriega-Crespo and Kartik Sheth). And finally a heartfelt thank you to all the participants for their contributions. We hope to see all of you in Pasadena again.
-class instrument of its kind that is open to all astronomers. PRIMA parts arrived at the summit at Paranal at the end of July and were integrated and tested during the following month. On 2 September 2008, as a first milestone, starlight from two VLTI 1.8-m Auxiliary Telescopes was fed into the PRIMA system, and interference fringes were detected on PRIMA's Fringe Sensor Unit. Three days later the system was routinely using active tracking on the fringes, compensating for atmospheric turbulence. First light - or, in the case of interferometric instruments, first fringes - actually occurred ahead of the ambitious schedule set out by lead engineer Francoise Delplancke: "There were many activities that all had to be successful simultaneously for this to happen, but the assembly, integration, and verification went smoothly - I was pleased by how easy and reliable the fringe tracking was, for our first try." All PRIMA sub-systems  have been installed successfully for use with two Auxiliary Telescopes and will now be submitted to intensive commissioning tests before being offered to the community of users for routine observations .
Carilli, this year's winners of the prestigious Max Planck Research Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the Max Planck Society in Germany. Menten and Carilli have collaborated on research in this area for years, and Kanekar has pioneered the OH molecular technique. Kanekar, Carilli and Menten worked with Glen Langston of NRAO, Graca Rocha of the Cavendish Laboratory in the UK, Francoise Combes of the Paris Observatory, Ravi Subrahmanyan of the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF), John Stocke of the University of Colorado, Frank Briggs of the ATNF and the Australian National University, and Tommy Wiklind of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Sweden. The scientists reported their findings in the December 31 edition of the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.
Hamdan, Nasser; El-Khatib, Sami
), Raman measurements, as well as other sample preparation techniques. The training course concluded with a series of presentations of the results by the participants, attended by the NXFL team and experts from the IAEA. This training course was organized as part of the activities of the IAEA technical cooperation RAS1011 Project: Using Ion Beam Analysis and Complementary Nuclear Techniques for Material Characterization in ARASIA State Parties. The course was attended by participants from Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Qatar, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. We would like to thank the conference sponsors: Tashkeel, Sharjah Museums, and Sharjah Department of Culture and Information (Directorate on Antiquities). We would also like to thank our invited speakers, the international advisory committee, the referees and the participants. It has been a pleasure working with them all. Organizing Committee Nasser Hamdan AUS, NXFL Members Pia Anderson AUS Hussain Al-Awadhi UoS & NXFL Sami El Khatib AUS Attaelmanan Gaffar UoS & NXFL Johannes Giesen AUS Sabah Jasim Directory of Antiquities Sharjah Najeh Jisrawi UoS & NXFL Adil Tamimi AUS International Advisory Committee Zaki Aslan ATHAR, ICCROM, Italy Mark Beech Abu Dhabi Culture & Heritage, UAE Rene Van Grieken University of Antwerp, Belgium Gene Hall Rutgers, The State University of N.J. Peter Jackson Office of the Ruler of Sharjah Andreas Karydas IAEA Laboratories, Seiberdorf, Austria Giacinto Porco The Italian Association of Non-Destructive Testing, Italy Mohammad Roumie (CNRS) Lebanese Atomic Energy, Commission, Lebanon Acknowledgments The organizers gratefuly acknowledge the support received from the College of Arts and Sciences and the Provosts office at the American University of Sharjah. The support of the Physics Section, Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences at the IAEA is greatly appreciated. We would like to give special thanks to Dr Francoise Muelhauser from the IAEA. We would like also to thank the conference
gravitationally. Notes : This is a joint Press Release of ESO and the Observatoire de Paris (cf. http://www.obspm.fr/actual/nouvelle/jan02/flames.shtml ). :The GIRAFFE team at the Observatoire de Paris that has developed the Integral Field Units (IFUs) discussed in this Press Release includes Jean-Pierre Aoustin, Sebastien Baratchart, Patrice Barroso, Veronique Cayatte, Laurent Chemin, Florence Cornu, Jean Cretenet, Jean-Paul Danton, Hector Flores, Francoise Gex, Fabien Guillon, Isabelle Guinouard, Francois Hammer, Jacques Hammes, David Horville, Jean-Michel Huet, Laurent Jocou, Pierre Kerlirzin, Serge Lebourg, Hugo Lenoir, Claude Lesqueren, Regis Marichal, Michel Marteaud, Thierry Melse, Fabrice Peltier, Francois Rigaud, Frederic Sayede and Pascal Vola . : It is expected to ship the various components of the FLAMES instrument to the VLT Observatory at Paranal (Chile) during the next month. "First Light" is scheduled to take place some weeks thereafter, following installation at the telescope and extensive system tests. ESO will issue another Press Release with more details on that occasion.
organisations are the European Space Agency (ESA) , the United Kingdom's ASTROGRID consortium, the CNRS-supported Centre de Données Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) at the University Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg (France), the CNRS-supported TERAPIX astronomical data centre at the Institut d'Astrophysique in Paris and the Jodrell Bank Observatory of the Victoria University of Manchester (UK). Note : This is a joint Press Release issued by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), the Hubble European Space Agency Information Centre, ASTROGRID, CDS, TERAPIX/CNRS and the University of Manchester. A 13 minute background video (broadcast PAL) is available from ESO PR and the Hubble European Space Agency Information Centre (addresses below). This will also be transmitted via satellite Wednesday 12 December 2001 from 12:00 to 12:15 CET on "ESA TV Service", cf. http://television.esa.int. An international conference, "Toward an International Virtual Observatory" will take place at ESO (Garching, Germany) on June 10 - 14, 2002. Contacts AVO Contacts Peter Quinn European Southern Observatory Garching, Germany Tel.: +4989-3200-6509 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Piero Benvenuti Space Telescope-European Coordinating Facility Garching, Germany Tel.: +49-89-3200-6290 email: email@example.com Andy Lawrence (on behalf of The ASTROGRID Consortium) Institute for Astronomy University of Edinburgh United Kingdom Tel.: +44-131-668-8346/56 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Francoise Genova Centre de Données Astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) France Tel.: +33-390-24-24-76 email: email@example.com Yannick Mellier CNRS, Delegation Paris A (CNRSDR01-Terapix)/IAP/INSU France Tel.: +33-1-44-32-81-40 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phil Diamond University of Manchester/Jodrell Bank Observatory United Kingdom Tel.: +44-147-757-2625 email: email@example.com PR Contacts Richard West European Southern Observatory Garching, Germany Tel.: +49-89-3200-6276 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lars Lindberg Christensen Hubble European Space Agency
Manson, Joseph R.
beams of helium atoms from surfaces under clean high-vacuum conditions. This sabbatical was the beginning of a very fruitful and extremely pleasant collaboration working on a large variety of problems on the structure and dynamics of metal surfaces as elucidated by helium atom scattering, a collaboration that lasted until the retirements of Armand and Lapujoulade in the early 1990s. Nearly every summer and two additional sabbaticals in 1984 and 1992 were spent in this very stimulating research atmosphere located in the scientific complex on the southern edge of Paris. This period included collaborations and interactions with many of the colleagues, visitors and students at Saclay including C S Jayanthi, Abdelkader Kara, Luc Barbier, Hans-Joachim Ernst, Francoise Fabre and Bernard Salanon. Directly after this first sabbatical I spent a summer under the auspices of an Oak Ridge Associated Universities grant working with Rufus Ritchie in what was then the Health Sciences Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Ritchie was a senior scientist at ORNL as well as a professor at the Physics Department of the University of Tennessee at nearby Knoxville. This one summer at ORNL also developed into a long and productive, as well as extremely pleasant, scientific collaboration with Ritchie that lasted into the 1990s. During the academic years at Clemson I was able to take off to ORNL for week-long periods several times a year. Our work involved calculating energy transfers in the interactions of electrons and other charged particles with surfaces, problems involving interactions of atomic and charged particles with surface plasmons and theories for developing interaction potentials between particles or between particles and surfaces. This work also had the great advantage of developing interactions and scientific collaborations with many others at ORNL, including Thomas Ferrell and Bruce Warmack. One of the advantages of being a scientist is the opportunity to travel
the implied properties of the central stellar population of young stars will follow. Notes : The team consists of Eric Emsellem (Principal Investigator, Centre de Recherche Astronomique de Lyon, France), Didier Greusard and Daniel Friedli (Geneva Observatory, Switzerland), Francoise Combes (DEMIRM, Paris, France), Herve Wozniak (Marseille Observatory, France), Emmanuel Pecontal (Centre de Recherche Astronomique de Lyon, France) and Stephane Leon (University of Cologne, Germany). : Black Holes represent an extreme physical phenomenon; if the Earth were to become one, it would measure no more than a few millimetres across. The gravitational field around a black hole is so intense that even light can not escape from it. : On its most energetic and dramatic scale, this scenario results in a quasar , a type of object first discovered in 1963. In this case, the highly energetic centre of a galaxy completely outshines the outer structures and the "quasi-stellar object" appears star-like in smaller telescopes. Technical information about the photos PR Photo 25a/01 with NGC 1097 is a reproduction from the ESO LV archive, extracted via the Hypercat facility. It is based on a 2-hour photographic exposure in the R-band (Kodak IIIa-F emulsion + RG630 filtre) with the ESO 1-m Schmidt Telescope at La Silla and covers a field of about 35 x 35 arcmin 2. On this and the following photos, North is up and East is left. PR Photo 25b/01 of the central region of NGC 1808 was reproduced from an H-band (1.6 µm) image obtained with the IRAC2 camera (now decommissioned) at the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope on La Silla. The exposure time was 50 sec and the field measures 2.0 x 2.1 arcmin 2 (original pixel size = 0.52 arcsec). PR Photo 25c/01 of the central region of NGC 5728 was obtained at the 3.5-m Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) and the Adaptive-Optics PUEO instrument; the K-band (2.3 µm) exposure lasted 60 sec and the field measures 38 X 38 arcsec 2. PR Photo 25e/01 shows a raw
Kornyshev, Alexei A.
the experiments to be performed, that might finally rebute the last presumption of molecular biology that only Watson and Crick pairing can provide recognition, i.e. that the recognition between intact double stranded DNA is impossible. Notably the suggested electrostatic snap-shot recognition mechanism is also based on the helical structure of DNA and correlation of the structure with the text of the sequence (for further details see .) DNA packing in chromatin and chromatin dynamics were the main focus of the conference. Andrew Travers (Ecole Normale Superiore de Cachan), exposed the problem in all its biological complexity, followed by the physical insight into its modeling, overviewed by Helmut Schiessel. Using different kinds of single molecule pulling experiments Jörge Langowski (University of Heidelberg) and David Bensimon (Laboratoire Physique Statistique, Paris) revealed invaluable insights into nucleosome opening and the role of remodeling factors. Jim Kadonaga (UCSD) reported a discovery of a new ATP driven motor-protein, exhibiting annealing/reverse helicase activity. Lars Nordensiöld (Singapore Nanyang TU) has established the sequence of counterions promoting DNA compactization in chromatin, and so on. Another class of astounding results was related with the structure of DNA phases, coils and toroids in viral capcids, understanding of which at the nanoscopic level, is instrumental for the development of antiviral therapies. Bill Gelbart (UCLA) and Avi Ben-Shaul (Hebrew University of Jerusalem) highlighted various aspects of packing inside the capsids, as well as how viral DNA or RNA can get in and out. Amazing observations of Francoise Livolant have shown the local liquid crystalline structure of DNA in that dense packing. The experiments of her group have unambiguously demonstrated azimuthal correlations between the densely packed double strands, in agreement with similar effects detected earlier in wet DNA fibers described on the physical level in