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Sample records for case ectopie renale

  1. Cognitive, Affective Problems and Renal Cross Ectopy in a Patient with 48,XXYY/47,XYY Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Resim, Sefa; Kucukdurmaz, Faruk; Kankılıc, Nazım; Altunoren, Ozlem; Efe, Erkan; Benlioglu, Can

    2015-01-01

    Klinefelter syndrome is the most common sex chromosome abnormality (SCA) in infertile patients and 47,XXY genomic configuration constitutes most of the cases. However, additional Xs and/or Y such as 48,XXYY, 48,XXXY, and 47,XYY can occur less frequently than 47,XXY. Those configurations were considered as variants of Klinefelter syndrome. In this report, we present an infertile man with tall stature and decreased testicular volume. Semen analysis and hormonal evaluation supported the diagnosis of nonobstructive azoospermia. Genetic investigation demonstrated an abnormal male karyotype with two X chromosomes and two Y chromosomes consistent with 48,XXYY(17)/47,XYY (13). Additionally, the patient expressed cognitive and affective problems which were documented by psychomotor retardation and borderline intelligence measured by an IQ value between 70 and 80. Systemic evaluation also revealed cross ectopy and malrotation of the right kidney in the patient. The couple was referred to microtesticular sperm extraction (micro-TESE)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of combination of XYY and XXYY syndromes associated with cognitive, affective dysfunction and renal malrotation. PMID:26075116

  2. Submental thyroid ectopy might cause subclinical hypothyroidism in early childhood

    PubMed Central

    Kocova, Mirjana; Zdraveska, Nikolina; Zdravkovska, Maja; Anastasovska, Violeta; Pop Gjorceva, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Thyroid ectopy is a rare condition resulting from abnormal embryologic development and migration of the gland. Sublingual is the most common thyroid ectopy; all other ectopic thyroid locations occur very rare. There are no reports in the literature that describe the clinical course of patients with congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid ectopy. Methods and Results: We present a child with congenital hypothyroidism detected on neonatal screening which had a subclinical course during follow-up. Scintigraphy revealed submental thyroid ectopy, a rare ectopic location and no orthotopic thyroid gland. Conclusion: Our case is unique because of the rare ectopic thyroid location but also of the unexpected clinical course; however, further thyroid monitoring is required for the therapy adjustment and detection of any changes in the ectopic tissue. PMID:27994873

  3. Sublingual thyroid ectopy: similarities and differences with Kallmann syndrome.

    PubMed

    Van Vliet, Guy; Deladoëy, Johnny

    2015-01-01

    Permanent primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the commonest cause of preventable intellectual disability, is due to defects in the embryonic development of the thyroid in the vast majority of cases. These defects are collectively called thyroid dysgenesis. The thyroid may be absent (athyreosis) but, more commonly, a sublingual thyroid ectopy without lateral lobes, is the only thyroid tissue present. Such an ectopy presumably results from an arrest in the downward migration of the median anlage. Thyroid ectopy almost always occurs in a sporadic fashion. However, first-degree relatives are affected more often than chance alone would predict. On the other hand, almost all reported monozygotic twin pairs are discordant for thyroid ectopy. Current research is aimed at reconciling these contradictory epidemiological data. We propose a two-hit mechanism associating a germline predisposing factor with another genetic or epigenetic alteration within the ectopic thyroid tissue itself or, as in some forms of Kallmann syndrome, in the structures surrounding the thyroid during embryogenesis. Thyroid ectopy, a model for sporadic congenital malformations in humans, is also associated with congenital heart disease, and molecular mechanisms common to thyroid and heart development are being unraveled.

  4. Sublingual thyroid ectopy: similarities and differences with Kallmann syndrome

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Permanent primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the commonest cause of preventable intellectual disability, is due to defects in the embryonic development of the thyroid in the vast majority of cases. These defects are collectively called thyroid dysgenesis. The thyroid may be absent (athyreosis) but, more commonly, a sublingual thyroid ectopy without lateral lobes, is the only thyroid tissue present. Such an ectopy presumably results from an arrest in the downward migration of the median anlage. Thyroid ectopy almost always occurs in a sporadic fashion. However, first-degree relatives are affected more often than chance alone would predict. On the other hand, almost all reported monozygotic twin pairs are discordant for thyroid ectopy. Current research is aimed at reconciling these contradictory epidemiological data. We propose a two-hit mechanism associating a germline predisposing factor with another genetic or epigenetic alteration within the ectopic thyroid tissue itself or, as in some forms of Kallmann syndrome, in the structures surrounding the thyroid during embryogenesis. Thyroid ectopy, a model for sporadic congenital malformations in humans, is also associated with congenital heart disease, and molecular mechanisms common to thyroid and heart development are being unraveled. PMID:25750738

  5. [Renal leiomyoma. Case report].

    PubMed

    Joual, A; Guessous, H; Rabii, R; Benjelloun, M; Benlemlih, A; Skali, K; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    The authors report a case of renal leiomyoma observed in a 56-year-old man. This cyst presented in the from of loin pain. Computed tomography revealed a homogeneous renal tumor. Treatment consisted of radical nephrectomy. Histological examination of the specimen showed benign renal leiomyoma.

  6. Consumption of Caffeinated Products and Cardiac Ectopy.

    PubMed

    Dixit, Shalini; Stein, Phyllis K; Dewland, Thomas A; Dukes, Jonathan W; Vittinghoff, Eric; Heckbert, Susan R; Marcus, Gregory M

    2016-01-26

    Premature cardiac contractions are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Though experts associate premature atrial contractions (PACs) and premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) with caffeine, there are no data to support this relationship in the general population. As certain caffeinated products may have cardiovascular benefits, recommendations against them may be detrimental. We studied Cardiovascular Health Study participants with a baseline food frequency assessment, 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography (Holter) monitoring, and without persistent atrial fibrillation. Frequencies of habitual coffee, tea, and chocolate consumption were assessed using a picture-sort food frequency survey. The main outcomes were PACs/h and PVCs/hour. Among 1388 participants (46% male, mean age 72 years), 840 (61%) consumed ≥1 caffeinated product per day. The median numbers of PACs and PVCs/h and interquartile ranges were 3 (1-12) and 1 (0-7), respectively. There were no differences in the number of PACs or PVCs/h across levels of coffee, tea, and chocolate consumption. After adjustment for potential confounders, more frequent consumption of these products was not associated with ectopy. In examining combined dietary intake of coffee, tea, and chocolate as a continuous measure, no relationships were observed after multivariable adjustment: 0.48% fewer PACs/h (95% CI -4.60 to 3.64) and 2.87% fewer PVCs/h (95% CI -8.18 to 2.43) per 1-serving/week increase in consumption. In the largest study to evaluate dietary patterns and quantify cardiac ectopy using 24-hour Holter monitoring, we found no relationship between chronic consumption of caffeinated products and ectopy. © 2016 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  7. Ectopie thyroïdienne: apport du scanner

    PubMed Central

    Abdoulaye, Traore Ababacar; Zakaria, Traore; Ousmane, Camara; Meryem, Boubbou; Moustapha, Maaroufi; Siham, Tizniti; Imane, Kamaoui

    2017-01-01

    L’ectopie thyroïdienne est une malformation pathologique rare. Nous rapportons un cas supplémentaire d’ectopie du lobe thyroïdien droit, découvert lors du bilan tomodensitométrique d’une masse latéro cervicale gauche. PMID:28450999

  8. [Heterolateral renal dystopia (2 cases)].

    PubMed

    Anastasov, G; Peneva, S; Mushmov, D; Salambashev, L

    1982-01-01

    The authors observed two cases with crossed renal dystopia, to which venous urography, renal scintigraphy, echographic and gamma-chamber investigations were performed. The venous urography, in case of the appropriate symptomatics, is stressed to be able to establish the presence of heterolateral dystopia by as far as the distributional function of the anomaly is concerned--the gamma-chamber investigation is with the highest information value.

  9. Renal dysplasia in Beagle dogs: four cases.

    PubMed

    Bruder, Marc C; Shoieb, Ahmed M; Shirai, Norimitsu; Boucher, Germaine G; Brodie, Thomas A

    2010-12-01

    Anomalies of renal development comprise abnormalities in the amount of renal tissue (agenesis and hypoplasia); anomalies of renal position, form, and orientation; and renal dysplasia. There are previous reports of canine renal dysplasia in different breeds but none in the Beagle breed. This is the first report of renal dysplasia in this breed of dog. Morphologic descriptions of the range of microscopic features observed in four cases of renal dysplasia from preclinical studies in laboratory Beagle dogs are presented (including persistent primitive mesenchyme, persistence of metanephric ducts, asynchronous differentiation of nephrons, and atypical tubular epithelium), along with a basis for the classification of the lesion.

  10. [Renal actinomycosis: a case report].

    PubMed

    Chelly, I; Bellil, K; Enneifer, M; Mekni, A; Bellil, S; Haouet, S; Kchir, N; Horchani, A; Zitouna, M M

    2006-06-01

    This report describes the case of a 26-year-old patient hospitalized for spontaneous abdominal pain. Palpation during clinical examination demonstrated a mass in the right abdomino-pelvic cavity. Radiological examination visualized the presence of grains suggestive of actinmycosis. The patient responded favorably to antimicrobial therapy. Actinomyces israeli is a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that can cause tumor-like lesions usually on the face and neck and more rarely on retroperitoneal structures. Because renal involvement can require nephrectomy, diagnosis of renal actinmycosis must be made during pre-operative work-up. Ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of the lesion can achieve diagnosis and avoid nephrectomy since medical treatment using antimicrobial therapy is effective.

  11. Is Cryotherapy Friend or Foe for Symptomatic Cervical Ectopy?

    PubMed

    Çekmez, Yasemin; Şanlıkan, Fatih; Göçmen, Ahmet; Vural, Aylin; Türkmen, Simge Bağcı

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the success rates and clinical outcomes of cervical cryotherapy applied to cervical ectopy for symptomatic relief. A total of 124 women who underwent cryotherapy for symptomatic treatment of cervical ectopy were included in this study. Indications for treatment were: abundant leucorrhoea (n = 114), post-coital bleeding (n = 22), recurrent cervicitis (n = 30) and pelvic pain (n = 12). Cryotherapy consisted of the use of carbon dioxide at -89°C to destroy the ectopic columnar epithelium by freezing, and it was transmitted to the ectopy through a flat cryoprobe. No routine anaesthesia or analgesia was administered. All patients were questioned about the status of their symptoms after 6 weeks of treatment. The highest success rate was obtained in patients with abundant leucorrhoea (n = 102; 89.5%), while the lowest success rate was achieved in subjects with pelvic pain (n = 7; 58%). After treatment, no severe complications were observed, except for hydrorrhoea for a few days. Success rates were 9 times lower in patients who had 3 or more cervicitis episodes per 6 months. In this study, the success rate of cryotherapy was highest in patients with abundant leucorrhoea and lowest in patients with pelvic pain and recurrent cervicitis. Hence, we recommend that clinicians perform the procedure in such patients without much delay. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. [Pheochromocytoma in Africa: rarity, gravity and ectopy].

    PubMed

    Sidibe, E H

    2001-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma is one of the main curable etiologies of high blood pressure, although its diagnosis and therapeutic management can be problematical: an incorrect diagnosis or inappropriate treatment may lead to fatal complications. This disease was exceptionally uncommon in the 1950s, and 30 years later about 30 cases had been reported; however, since 1981 there has been a progressive increase in the incidence of pheochromocytoma (48 documented cases in Africa). In Africa, this disease has two particular characteristics: the gravity of the clinical symptoms, mainly due to the physiological and pharmacological effects of catecholamines which as a result of this disease are stored and liberated at very high rates; and the ectopic site in a number of cases. To facilitate the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma improved clinical investigation is therefore advocated, but the necessary medical equipment is not always available in Africa. On this continent, the ectopic factor confirms the observations made in the early 1980s, and should be taken into consideration in the diagnosis and management of this disease.

  13. [Renal malacoplakia. Apropos of 2 cases].

    PubMed

    el Mrini, M; Joual, A; el Moussaoui, A; Aboutaieb, R; Bennani, S; Benjelloun, S

    1993-01-01

    Malacoplakia is a chronic inflammatory disease which specificity is pathological: Von Hansemann's cells and Michaelis-Gutmann's bodies. Renal localization is very rare. Two cases have been collected, the diagnosis having been done in the two cases on a nephrectomy specimen. Because there is no specific symptomatology to renal malacoplakia, the presence of a particular context should suggest the diagnosis and lead to renal needle biopsy. Thus nephrectomy could be avoided. The primum movins of the affection is a trouble of the phagocytosis. The place of surgery in the treatment of renal malacoplakia remains uncertain due to the lack of experience with the medical treatment. The latter is based on the prescription of cholinergic drugs, and has proved some efficacy in other localizations, as bladder.

  14. Renal calculus complicated with squamous cell carcinoma of renal pelvis: Report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Jiantao; Lei, Jun; He, Leye; Yin, Guangming

    2015-01-01

    Longstanding renal calculus is a risk factor of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the renal pelvis. It is highly aggressive and usually diagnosed at advanced stages with a poor prognosis. We present two cases of kidney stone complications with renal pelvic SCC. These two patients had a radical nephrectomy and the dissected tissues were renal pelvic SCC. Our cases further emphasize that renal pelvic SCC should be considered in patients with longstanding renal calculus. These cases contribute greatly to an early diagnosis and early treatment, both of which will significantly minimize the damage of, and markedly improve the prognosis of, renal pelvic SCC.

  15. Renal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Yang, Cheng; Xu, Hanjiang; Zhou, Jun; Hao, Zongyao; Wang, Jianzhong; Lin, Changmin; Zhang, Li; Zhu, Xia; Liang, Chaozhao

    2015-12-01

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a malignant small round cell tumor and typically arises from bone or soft tissue in adolescents and young adults. Renal PNET is extraordinarily rare and exhibits highly aggressive biological behavior with poor prognosis.We present here a new case of renal PNET in a 31-year-old female. The patients were referred to our hospital because of left flank pain with nausea and vomiting for 1 week. A computed tomography scan revealed a 14.7 × 12.7 cm well-defined, unevenly mass lesion with both solid and cystic components and the tumor was not enhanced uniformly.A preoperative diagnosis of cystic renal cell carcinoma and urinary tract infection was made. The patient undergone anti-inflammatory therapy followed by a left radical nephrectomy. Taken with morphological pattern and immunohistochemical markers, a diagnosis of renal PNET was made. Two cycles of combined chemotherapy were executed. At the 14-month follow-up, no evidence of metastasis or recurrence was indicated.This case reminds clinicians that for adolescents and young adults with a suspicious renal mass, a diagnosis of renal PNET should be always considered. An initial surgery followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy is suggested for the therapeutic management.

  16. Infected simple renal cyst. Case report.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Collar, Tomás Lázaro; Valdés Estévez, Basili; Nuñez Roca, Ariel; Germán Meliz, Jorge Luis

    2012-12-01

    To present a new case of an infected simple renal cyst, its diagnosis and the treatment carried out. 30 year-old female patient admitted to the Internal Medicine ward suffering a prolonged fever syndrome. On physical examination she presented tachycardia and pain in the left hypochondrium on deep palpation. Abdominal ultrasound revealed the existence of a great size left renal cyst with a highly echogenic content; this liquid hyperdensity was confirmed by simple and i.v. contrast CT scan. Cyst punction was performed through a lumbar via, getting approximately 400 millilitres of a clear and odourless yellow liquid; then it was sclerosed with ethanol. The microbiological study of the extracted liquid was negative. The patient's clinical evolution has been satisfactory and renal ultrasound controls were normal. Faced with a simple infected renal cyst whose location allows percutaneous lumbar approach, punction with synchronic sclerosis plus parenteral antibiotic therapy with ciprofloxacin is the recommended treatment.

  17. Renal flagellate infections in reptiles: 29 cases.

    PubMed

    Juan-Sallés, Caries; Garner, Michael M; Nordhausen, Robert W; Valls, Xavier; Gallego, Miguel; Soto, Sara

    2014-03-01

    Renal infection with flagellated protozoa was retrospectively evaluated in 29 reptiles, including 12 turtles, 7 tortoises, and 6 chameleons; overall, 20 species of reptiles were represented. Most cases presented with nonspecific clinical signs or a combination of several concurrent diseases. Nineteen of 29 reptiles had tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with flagellates, and this lesion was considered contributory to death in 15 cases, although concurrent diseases were frequent. Infection was invasive into the renal interstitium in three reptiles due to tubular rupture and in one chameleon also spread to adjacent tissues, coelomic cavity, and blood vessels due to renal rupture. Cytologic or ultrastructural evaluation of trophozoites in two cases was consistent with diplomonad flagellates. Renal disease was often complicated with soft-tissue mineralization and/or gout. Gastrointestinal and cloacal infection with flagellates and inflammation were frequent in reptiles in which the digestive tract was available for histopathologic examination, and this supports the possibility of infections ascending the urinary tract from the cloaca. Renal disease associated with flagellate protozoa is rare in vertebrates but appears to be relevant in reptiles, particularly chelonians and chameleons.

  18. [Diagnosis and treatment of hydrocephalus-accompanied renal calculi complicated with renal tumor: 5 case reports].

    PubMed

    He, Chong-jun; Qin, Cai-peng; Li, Jian-xing; Xiong, Liu-lin; Xu, Qing-quan; Yang, Bo; Xu, Tao; Huang, Xiao-bo; Wang, Xiao-feng

    2014-08-18

    To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of renal pelvic tumor combined with renal urinary calculi and hydronephrosis. Five patients with renal pelvic tumor who underwent relief of the upper urinary obstruction were reviewed. One of the cases lost the opportunity of surgical therapy when pelvic tumor was detected at the advanced stage, and the other 4 cases had received surgery and were followed up. As pelvic tumor progresses rapidly after the renal blood flow is improved, and renal urinary calculi with hydronephrosis relieved; the patients with renal pelvic tumor need early diagnosis, aggressive treatment and close follow-up.

  19. Giant renal artery aneurysm: A case report.

    PubMed

    Cindolo, Luca; Ingrosso, Manuela; De Francesco, Piergustavo; Castellan, Pietro; Berardinelli, Francesco; Fiore, Franco; Schips, Luigi

    2015-07-07

    A case of a 12 cm giant renal artery aneurysm (RAA) in an 59-year-old woman is reported. The patient was referred to our hospital for flank pain and spot hematuria. Ultrasonography (US) revealed some wide lacunar areas in her right kidney and a thin cortex. Three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) revealed a giant right renal arteriovenous malformation (AVM). AngioCT scan showed a pervious right renal artery. The cavities of the right kidney were dilated and the parenchyma was markedly reduced. Two months later the patient underwent an open resection of the aneurysm and a right nephrectomy. She had an uneventful recovery and a healthy status (last follow-up: 9 month). In this particular case, a safe approach is the transabdominal approach since the aneurysm was very large, friable, and located on the right side. This report confirms the opportunity of a planned nephrectomy once there is adequate renal reserve in the opposite kidney using a midline approach.

  20. Renal hemangiopericytoma: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Vetorazzo, José Eduardo; Bahia, Leandro Augusto Costa; Esteves, Paulo Ebert; Maron, Paulo Eduardo Goulart; Vedovato, Bruno César; Fernandes, Roni de Carvalho; Perez, Marjo Deninson Cardenuto

    2015-01-01

    Hemangioperycytoma is a rare perivascular tumor that seldom involves the urogenital system. This tumor often appears with an unspecific clinical picture, and sometimes is associated with hematuria or hypertension. Diagnosis is based on a combination of histological and immunohistological findings. We report a case of a 52-year-old patient with renal hemangiopericytoma who underwent surgical treatment at our service. This report also includes a literature review on the subject. PMID:25946050

  1. Systemic sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure: about 12 cases.

    PubMed

    Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Mamlouk, Habiba; Turki, Sami; Kheder, Adel

    2015-01-01

    The sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatosis affecting most frequently the lungs and the mediastinum. An acute renal failure reveals exceptionally this disease. It's a retrospective study implicating 12 cases of sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to determine epidemiological, clinical, biological and histological profile in these cases and then to indicate the interest to consider the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in cases of unexplained renal failure. Extra-renal complications, therapeutic modalities and the outcome were determined in all patients. Our series involved 12 women with an average age of 40 years. Biological investigations showed an abnormal normocalcemia in 7 cases, a hypercalcemia in 5 cases, a hypercalciuria in 10 cases and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia in 7 cases. An acute renal failure was found in all patients with a median creatinin of 520 umol/L. For all patients, the renal echography was normal however, the kidney biopsy showed tubulo-interstitial nephritis. The extra-renal signs highlighting pulmonary interstitial syndrome in 5 cases, a sicca syndrome in 4 cases, mediastinal lymph nodes in 2 cases, a lymphocytic alveolitis in 3 cases, an anterior granulomatous uveitis in 2 cases and a polyarthritis in 5 cases. Five patients benefited of hemodialysis. The treatment consisted of corticosteroid in all cases. The follow up was marked by complete resolution of clinical and biological signs. The diagnosis of renal sarcoidosis must be done quickly to prevent renal failure.

  2. Renal hilar pheochromocytoma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfatemi, Hind; Znati, Kaoutar; Tazi, Elmehdi; Amarti, Afaf; El Fassi, Mohammed Jamal; Moulay, Hassan Farih M H

    2009-01-01

    Paraganglioma is a rare tumor arising from undifferentiated cells of the primitive neural crest. These tumors are most commonly found in the adrenal gland, other localisations are also possible. A 58-year-old woman who presented with history of left lumbar pain, headache, hypertension, palpitation and sweating was found to have a secreting left renal hilar pheochromocytoma. Radical excision of the tumor was therefore undertaken and her hypertension was controlled. From the case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of ectopic localization of pheochromocytoma. PMID:19829802

  3. Renal hilar pheochromocytoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfatemi, Hind; Znati, Kaoutar; Tazi, Elmehdi; Amarti, Afaf; El Fassi, Mohammed Jamal; Moulay, Hassan Farih M H

    2009-06-29

    Paraganglioma is a rare tumor arising from undifferentiated cells of the primitive neural crest. These tumors are most commonly found in the adrenal gland, other localisations are also possible. A 58-year-old woman who presented with history of left lumbar pain, headache, hypertension, palpitation and sweating was found to have a secreting left renal hilar pheochromocytoma. Radical excision of the tumor was therefore undertaken and her hypertension was controlled. From the case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of ectopic localization of pheochromocytoma.

  4. [Spontaneous renal artery dissection with renal infarction: a case report].

    PubMed

    Oki, Takashi; Adachi, Hiroyuki; Tahara, Hideo; Kino, Sigeo

    2011-11-01

    A 58-year-old woman visited our hospital with nausea and right flank pain. At first abdominal ultrasonography was performed, suggesting a right renal infarction. Computed tomography (CT) study of the abdomen with intravenous contrast was performed to determine the cause of the symptoms. The scan revealed poor enhancement in the lower half of the right kidney. She was diagnosed with a right renal infarction. She was initially treated with anticoagulant therapy, but 5 days later, she complained of nausea. This time, CT demonstrated exacerbation of a right renal infarction with renal artery dissection. Based on this finding, we performed a right nephrectomy. The result of pathology was segmental arterial mediolysis. She was discharged 12 days after the surgery and is doing well at 6 months after discharge. Spontaneous renal artery dissection is a rare disease. It constitutes approximately 0.05% of arteriographic dissections. In addition, spontaneous renal artery dissection shows nonspecific symptoms. Together, these two factors may cause a delay in diagnosis.

  5. Urban ectopy in the mountains: Carbon monoxide exposure at high altitude

    SciTech Connect

    Leaf, D.A.; Kleinman, M.T.

    1996-07-01

    Environmental exposure to inhaled carbon monoxide (CO) increases coronary artery disease risk. Sudden cardiac death, a frequent manifestation of coronary artery disease, is usually a result of ventricular dysrhythmia. The effect of exposure to CO at sea level (CO/SL) and simulated high (2.1 km) altitudes (CO/HA) on the incidence of cardiac ectopy in subjects with coronary artery disease was investigated. A double-blind crossover study was conducted, with random-order assignment, and each subject served as his own control. Seventeen men with documented coronary artery disease and stable angina pectoris performed cardiopulmonary exercise stress tests after random exposure to either CO or clean air (CA) at sea level (CA/SL) or at a simulated 2.1-km high altitude (CA/HA). The individual CO and HA exposure conditions were each selected to reduce the percentage of oxygen saturation of the subjects arterial blood by 4%. Subjects blood carboxyhemoglobin levels were increased form an average of 0.62% after clean-air exposure to 3.91% of saturation after CO exposure. The percentage of oxygen saturation in arterial blood was reduced from a baseline level of 98% to approximately 94% after CO/SL or CA/HA and to approximately 90% after CO/HA. Compared with the CA/SL the average incidence of exercise-induced ventricular ectopy was approximately doubled after all exposures and a significant trend (p {le} .05) of increased ectopy with decreased oxygen saturation in arterial blood was observed. Yet, among subjects who were free from ectopy (n=11) on CA/SL, only 2 subjects developed ectopy after CO/HA. No episodes of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation occurred. The findings indicated that exposure to increased levels of hypoxemia, resulting from hypoxic and/or CO exposures, increased the susceptibility to ventricular ectopy during exercise in individuals with stable angina pectoris; however, this risk was nominal for those without ectopy. 26 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  6. [Isolated bilateral adrenal metastasis from renal cancer. Case report].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Joual, A; Naciri, K; Guessous, H; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    The authors report an uncommon case of bilateral synchronous adrenal gland metastases from left renal cell carcinoma. The diagnosis was established by abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography. The surgical approach initially consisted of left radical nephrectomy and ipsilateral adrenalectomy. Histologically, the tumor of the left adrenal gland was identical to the left renal cell carcinoma. Subsequent contralateral adrenalectomy showed an adrenal metastasis identical to the left renal cell carcinoma. Patient follow-up was good with no recurrence of the disease after one year. This is an uncommon case for renal cancer. The treatment and prognosis are discussed.

  7. A retroperitoneal extra-renal wilms' tumour: A case report.

    PubMed

    Wabada, S; Abubakar, A S; Adamu, A I; Kabir, A; Gana, L B

    2017-03-01

    Wilms' tumour originates predominantly in the renal tissue; in rare cases it can also arise from extra-renal sites accounting for 0.5-1% of cases of Wilms' tumours seen. A diagnosis of extra-renal Wilms' cannot be easily established with clinical and radiological features except when the histological facts are provided. Wilms' tumours arising from extra-renal sites may not be different in clinical features, protocol of treatment and outcome from a typical intra renal Wilms' tumour. A 2-year-old boy presented with an asymptomatic abdominal swelling for 3 months. Abdominal ultrasound and CT scans revealed an extra-renal mass. Intravenous urogram (IVU) showed prompt excretion bilaterally. Post excision histology of the tumour confirmed a Wilms' tumour.

  8. Renal Pelvis Leiomyoma- An Infrequent Clinical Case.

    PubMed

    Romano, Fernando Ugarte-Y; González-Serrano, Adolfo; Moreno-Aranda, Jorge

    2017-05-01

    Renal pelvis leiomyomas are infrequent benign tumours. These tumours are more frequent in women, usually asymptomatic and difficult to distinguish from malign kidney masses. A 27-year-old female presented with an asymptomatic renal mass discovered after abdominal ultrasound during routine check-up. Percutaneous renal biopsy was performed and reported urothelial carcinoma. After open nephroureterectomy, histopathological evaluation and immunohistochemistry were positive for Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA), Ki67 <5%, and negative for cytokeratin and HMB-45. Thus, confirming the diagnosis of renal leiomyoma. The diagnosis of these infrequent tumours is often difficult and it is usually made by immunohistochemistry after surgical treatment.

  9. Case Report: Multifocal biphasic squamoid alveolar renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Lopez, Jose Ignacio

    2016-01-01

    A multifocal biphasic squamoid alveolar renal cell carcinoma in a 68-year-old man is reported. Four different peripheral tumor nodules were identified on gross examination. A fifth central tumor corresponded to a conventional clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Biphasic squamoid alveolar renal cell carcinoma is a rare tumor that has been very recently characterized as a distinct histotype within the spectrum of papillary renal cell carcinoma. Immunostaining with cyclin D1 seems to be specific of this tumor subtype. This is the first reported case with multifocal presentation. PMID:27158455

  10. A case of giant arteriovenous shunt in a renal carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Rangel, A; Albarrán, H; Gómez-Orta, F; Soriano, M; Baduí, E

    1997-01-01

    We present the case of a 51 year-old-white male with a giant right renal arteriovenous fistula secondary to a carcinoma. Neither the aorta nor the kidneys were visualized after the injection of 60 mL of contrast media into the abdominal aorta. Moreover, the right kidney could not be visualized after 30 mL of contrast media were injected selectively into the right renal artery. This was due to a great arteriovenous shunt through the right kidney. The right renal angiogram was obtained through digital imaging, after injecting contrast media into the right renal artery, previously occluded by a balloon-catheter. The image of an hypervascularized nephroma was obtained, depicting an important arteriovenous shunt of the contrast material toward the inferior vena cava from a fistula located in the right inferior renal pole. The occlusion of the right renal artery was partially achieved by injecting 40 mL of boiling contrast media, followed by small fragments of Gelfoam suspended in the contrast substance. The balloon-catheter remained inflated in the right renal artery until a nephrectomy was performed. As far as we know, a case in which the aorta and renal circulation are unable to be seen by means of conventional angiography, because of the presence of a renal arteriovenous shunt to the fistula, has not been described.

  11. Colovesical Fistula After Renal Transplantation: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Imafuku, A; Tanaka, K; Marui, Y; Sawa, N; Ubara, Y; Takaichi, K; Ishii, Y; Tomikawa, S

    2015-09-01

    Colovesical fistula is a relatively rare condition that is primarily related to diverticular disease. There are few reports of colovesical fistula after renal transplantation. We report of a 53-year-old man who was diagnosed with colovesical fistula after recurrent urinary tract infection, 5 months after undergoing cadaveric renal transplantation. Laparoscopic partial resection of the sigmoid colon with the use of the Hartmann procedure was performed. Six months after that surgery, there was no evidence of recurrent urinary tract infection and the patient's renal graft function was preserved. Physicians should keep colovesical fistula in mind as a cause of recurrent urinary tract infection in renal transplant recipients, especially in those with a history of diverticular disease.

  12. A complicated case of renal artery stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Chetcuti-Ganado, C; Samuel, A; Grech, V

    2005-01-01

    We present a boy with bilateral renal artery stenosis who presented with severe hypertension and haemorrhagic stroke. The diagnostic workup along with a complication of eventual surgical intervention are demonstrated. PMID:22368652

  13. Acute renal failure after influenza vaccination: a case report.

    PubMed

    Novati, R; Nebiolo, P E; Galotto, C; Mastaglia, M; Manes, M

    2014-03-01

    A fifty-three years old surgeon had acute renal failure consisting with acute tubulo-interstizial nephropaty twelve days after influenza vaccination; he was on statin therapy since one month. He was given steroidal therapy and fully recovered two weeks apart. This is the fourth case report of acute renal failure after influenza vaccination in patients on statins therapy. The case we describe could account for a underestimated, even if very rare, phenomenon.

  14. A huge renal cyst mimicking ascites: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Renal cysts are common in old patients, and usually remain untreated. Giant renal cyst measuring more than 15 cm in diameter and containing more than 1500 mls of serous fluid are rarely seen. We report a case of a 75-year-old man with a giant right renal cyst. Case presentation A 75-year-old man presented with a five years history of suprapubic pain, abdominal distension. He had no urological symptoms. Physical examination revealed a distended abdomen with shifting dullness. Routine hematology, biochemistry, and serum tumor markers were within normal limits. Erroneously diagnosed as ascites on ultrasonographic examination. Abdominal paracentesis of supposed ascites was performed. The diagnosis of giant renal cyst was finally made by Computed tomography (CT) and patient underwent continuous percutaneous catheter drainage with negative pressure, whereby 8 liters of fluid were removed with negative cytology. Subsequent Computed tomography after 6 months revealed disparition of the cysts, and the patient remained asymptomatic. Conclusion Giant renal cysts are uncommon; we conclude that the CT remains the best exam in patients evaluated for giant renal cyst. This to the best of our knowledge is the largest renal cyst in the medical literature. Studies are needed with particular attention to the factors associated with renal cyst enlargement. PMID:24428865

  15. Spontaneous Renal Artery Dissection Complicated by Renal Infarction: Three Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Im, Chami; Park, Hyung Sub; Kim, Dae Hwan; Lee, Taeseung

    2016-01-01

    Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare disease entity. The diagnosis is usually delayed because clinical presentation is non-specific. We report three cases of symptomatic SRAD complicated by renal infarction which occurred in previously healthy middle-aged male patients. They visited the hospital due to acute abdominal or flank pain. They had no specific underlying disease or trauma history. The laboratory tests and physical examination were normal. They were not suspected of having SRAD initially, but computed tomography (CT) revealed dissection of the renal artery with distal hypoperfusion leading to renal infarction. They were treated conservatively with anticoagulation and/or antiplatelets for 6 months. They had a 6-month regular follow-up with CT, where resolution was confirmed in one patient and all patients remained asymptomatic. These cases emphasize the importance of clinical suspicion of SRAD in previously healthy patients who complain of abdominal pain without specific findings on initial investigation. PMID:28042561

  16. Renal Presentation in Pediatric Acute Leukemia: Report of 2 Cases.

    PubMed

    Sherief, Laila M; Azab, Seham F; Zakaria, Marwa M; Kamal, Naglaa M; Abd Elbasset Aly, Maha; Ali, Adel; Abd Alhady, Mohamed

    2015-09-01

    Renal enlargement at time of diagnosis of acute leukemia is very unusual. We here in report 2 pediatric cases of acute leukemia who had their renal affection as the first presenting symptom with no evidences of blast cells in blood smear and none of classical presentation of acute leukemia. The first case is a 4-year-old girl who presented with pallor and abdominal enlargement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral symmetrical homogenous enlarged kidneys suggestive of infiltration. Complete blood picture (CBC) revealed white blood count 11 × 10⁹/L, hemoglobin 8.7 g/dL and platelet count 197 × 10⁹/L. Bone marrow aspiration was performed, and diagnosed precursor B-cell ALL was made. The child had an excellent response to modified CCG 1991 standard risk protocol of chemotherapy with sustained remission, but unfortunately relapsed 11 month after the end of therapy. The second child was 13-month old, presented with pallor, vomiting, abdominal enlargement, and oliguria 2 days before admission. Initial CBC showed bicytopenia, elevated blood urea, creatinine, and serum uric acid, while abdominal ultrasonography revealed bilateral renal enlargement. Bone marrow examination was done and showed 92% blast of biphenotypic nature. So, biphynotypic leukemia with bilateral renal enlargement and acute renal failure was subsequently diagnosed. The patients admitted to ICU and received supportive care and prednisolone. Renal function normalized and chemotherapy was started. The child achieved complete remission with marked reduction of kidney size but, unfortunately she died from sepsis in consolidation phase of therapy. This case demonstrates an unusual early renal enlargement in childhood acute leukemia. Renal involvement of acute leukemia should be considered in child presenting with unexplained bilateral renal enlargement with or without renal function abnormalities and bone marrow examination should be included in the workup.

  17. Acute renal injury induced by valacyclovir hydrochloride: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yanning; Cong, Yuxi; Teng, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Acyclovir has been a frequently used antiviral agent in the clinical treatment of leukemia, acute encephalitis, malignant tumor and herpes simplex. The adverse effects of this drug have been widely described in clinical practice. In the present study, a case of a 35-year-old female patient diagnosed with herpes simplex, who developed acute renal injury following treatment with valacyclovir hydrochloride, is described. Kidney biopsy, light microscopy and laboratory examination were performed, and all findings revealed the signs of evident vacuolar degeneration of capillary endothelial and renal tubular epithelial cells, erythrocyte aggregation in partial renal tubule and microvilli exfoliation from epithelial cells. Renal interstitial edema was clearly identified. The clinical evidence observed from this female patient indicated that renal functions should be closely monitored during valacyclovir hydrochloride administration. A variety of effective measures, such as hydration, alkalizing urine, promoting the discharge of medication and the use of antagonists are recommended following the administration of antiviral agents. PMID:28101180

  18. Renal Transplantation-Anaesthetic Experience of 350 Cases

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Anand; Baxi, Vaibhavi; Dasgupta, D

    2009-01-01

    Summary Transplantation provides a near normal life and excellent rehabilitation compared to dialysis and is the preferred method of treatment for end stage renal disease patients. We describe our experiences through a retrospective analysis of anaesthesia management of 350 cases of both living related and cadaveric renal transplantation conducted between Jan 2004 - April 2008 at Jaslok Hospital And Research Center. Areas of our interest include preoperative patient status, fluid management, hemodynamic stability, anaesthesia management, and perioperative complications. Recent advances in surgical techniques; anaesthesia management and immunosuppressive drugs have made renal transplantation sale and predictable. Preoperative patient optimization, intraoperative physiological stability and postoperative care of renal transplant patients have contributed to the success of renal transplant programme in our hospital. PMID:20640138

  19. A Case of Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Mehrtens, Sarah; Veitch, David; Kulakov, Elizabeth; Perrett, Conal M.

    2016-01-01

    A 49-year-old lady presented with multiple recurring painful lesions over her thighs, arms, and back. Past medical history included a left sided nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma and a hysterectomy for multiple uterine fibroids (leiomyomas). Histopathological examination revealed changes consistent with pilar leiomyomas. Gene mutation analysis confirmed a diagnosis of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma is an uncommon autosomal dominant condition characterised by the concurrent presentation of cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas. Renal cell carcinoma associated with this condition is more aggressive and a significant cause of mortality. Due to this association with potentially fatal renal cell carcinoma we felt that it was important to highlight this case with an update on pathophysiology and management. PMID:27144040

  20. [Acetaminophen (paracetamol) causing renal failure: report on 3 pediatric cases].

    PubMed

    Le Vaillant, J; Pellerin, L; Brouard, J; Eckart, P

    2013-06-01

    Renal failure secondary to acetaminophen poisoning is rare and occurs in approximately 1-2 % of patients with acetaminophen overdose. The pathophysiology is still being debated, and renal acetaminophen toxicity consists of acute tubular necrosis, without complication if treated promptly. Renal involvement can sometimes occur without prior liver disease, and early renal manifestations usually occur between the 2nd and 7th day after the acute acetaminophen poisoning. While therapy is exclusively symptomatic, sometimes serious metabolic complications can be observed. The monitoring of renal function should therefore be considered as an integral part of the management of children with acute, severe acetaminophen intoxication. We report 3 cases of adolescents who presented with acute renal failure as a result of voluntary drug intoxication with acetaminophen. One of these 3 girls developed severe renal injury without elevated hepatic transaminases. None of the 3 girls' renal function required hemodialysis, but one of the 3 patients had metabolic complications after her acetaminophen poisoning. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. [A new case of pseudotumoral renal tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Sarf, I; Dahami, Z; Dakir, M; Aboutaeib, R; el Moussaoui, A; Joual, A; El Mrini, M; Meziane, F; Benjelloun, S

    2001-01-01

    The incidence of urogenital tuberculosis is still frequent and constitutes a current public health problem in Morocco, a country in which tuberculosis is endemic. The clinical presentation of this form of the disease may be misleading. The pseudotumoral type of renal tuberculosis is extremely uncommon, and in this study this disease has been described in a young patient. The radiological findings suggested the possibility of this lesion being renal cancer. The preliminary diagnosis was corrected and a definitive diagnosis of pseudotumor was made following pathological examination of the surgically-removed kidney.

  2. [Renal Cell Carcinoma metastases in the maxillofacial area: Case series.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Oslé, Sara; Prol, Carlos; Lardies, Rosa; Gaafar, Ayman; Barbier, Luis; Arruza, Antón

    2017-10-01

    Renal cell carcinoma is an unpredictable malignancy. Sometimes, metastases are the disease debut. On the other hand, metastases could present years after treatment of the primary tumor. Four clinical cases of atypical metastases in the head and neck location are presented: parotid gland, mandibular bone, attached molar gingiva and masticator space. Physiopathology, clinics, histology and management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma at those anatomical regions are reviewed.

  3. [Nephrolithiasis in "disk-variant" cross-over renal dystopia. Report of a case].

    PubMed

    Gebauer, B; Meyer, D R; Friedrich, M

    1998-01-01

    Renal dystopia is a frequent urogenital anomality. Renal dystopia encloses pelvic kidney or malascending kidney, but also rare anomalities like renal duplication or crossed renal dystopia. These allotopias are often diagnosed on routine examination of the urogenital system. We report a case with fused crossed renal dystopia on the left with atypical symptoms of nephrolithiasis and give a summery of the embryological origin.

  4. Obstructive uropathy and acute renal failure due to ureteral calculus in renal graft: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Lusenti, T.; Fiorini, F.; Barozzi, L.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Obstructive uropathy caused by kidney stones is quite rare in transplant kidneys. Clinical case The authors report the case of a patient, previously gastrectomized for gastric carcinoma. He underwent renal transplantation using uretero-ureterostomy, and presented an episode of acute renal failure 7 years after surgery. Ultrasound (US) examination showed no sign of rejection but allowed detection of moderate hydronephrosis in the transplant kidney. Subsequent computed tomography (CT) revealed a kidney stone in the middle ureter at the crossing of the iliac vessels. The patient therefore urgently underwent percutaneous nephrostomy of the graft and recovered diuresis and renal function. The patient was transferred to the Transplant Center where he underwent ureterotomy with removal of the stone and subsequent ureteropyelostomy. Also transureteral resection of the prostate (TURP) was performed due to urinary retention of prostatic origin. Histological examination showed prostate carcinoma, Gleason stage 3, which was treated conservatively using radiotherapy without suspension of the administered low dose of immunotherapy. Discussion Calculosis is one of the least common causes of obstructive uropathy in transplant kidneys. In the described case, US examination performed after onset of renal insufficiency led to subsequent radiological investigation and resulting interventional procedures (nephrostomy and surgical removal of the stone) with complete recovery of pre-existing renal function. PMID:23397045

  5. [Twin pregnancy after renal transplantation: first case reported in Tunisia].

    PubMed

    Skhiri, Habib; Guedri, Yousr; Achour, Abdellatif; Sabra, Aloui; Hadj, Youssef Dorsaf; Bouraoui, Samia; Frih, Ameur; Ben Dhia, Nasr; Sakkouhi, Mohamed; Gahbiche, Mourad; Saad, Hamadi; El May, Mezni

    2005-04-01

    Women with end-stage renal disease or on regular dialysis have low fertility. Renal transplantation restores not only normal renal and endocrine functions but also the reproductive function as well and this conception becomes possible. Pregnancy in transplanted women is at higher risk and necessitates a multidisciplinary follow up. We report the course and out come of two successful pregnancies, the second was the first case of twin pregnancy in Tunisia in a transplanted woman. Our patient is 35 years old had a chronic renal insufficiency, secondary to interstitial nephropathy. After six years of hemodialysis, she had received a renal graft from a living donor (his brother). A double drug immunosuppression was given (Prednisolone - Azathioprine). Two years later, she became pregnant and delivered a normal baby at term, and one year later she had a twin pregnancy that ended successfully and delivered by caesarian section a two babies with different sex. Pregnancy after renal transplantion must be considered as a risk factor for any subsquent pregnancy, and the risk nicreases in case of twin pregnancy.

  6. A Case of Recurrent Renal Aluminum Hydroxide Stone

    PubMed Central

    Cakıroglu, Basri; Dogan, Akif Nuri; Tas, Tuncay; Gozukucuk, Ramazan; Uyanik, Bekir Sami

    2014-01-01

    Renal stone disease is characterized by the differences depending on the age, gender, and the geographic location of the patients. Seventy-five percent of the renal stone components is the calcium (Ca). The most common type of the stones is the Ca oxalate stones, while Ca phosphate, uric acid, struvite, and sistine stones are more rarely reported. Other than these types, triamterene, adenosine, silica, indinavir, and ephedrine stones are also reported in the literature as case reports. However, to the best of our knowledge, aluminum hydroxide stones was not reported reported before. Herein we will report a 38-years-old woman with the history of recurrent renal colic disease whose renal stone was determined as aluminum hydroxide stone in type. Aluminum mineral may be considered in the formation of kidney stones as it is widely used in the field of healthcare and cosmetics. PMID:25013740

  7. Primary Renal Lymphoma - A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Avinash Chandra; Babu, Vinod

    2016-01-01

    Primary Renal Lymphoma (PRL) is rare and its existence has been called into question due to the absence of lymphatic tissue within renal parenchyma. Non-specific abdominal pain with mass in the lumbar region and otherwise unexplained renal failure is the most common presentation. Almost all patients eventually develop extrarenal lymphomatous disease and few patients survive beyond one year. Surgical treatment is rarely feasible as primary modality of treatment since the tumour often encases major vessels and surrounding organs necessitating major resection. Instead, an attempt can be made to downstage the tumour with chemotherapy before attempting surgery. Here we present a case of primary renal Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL) which was treated with chemotherapy but the patient succumbed to disease before the third cycle. PMID:27790565

  8. Amantadine toxicity presenting with complex ventricular ectopy and hallucinations.

    PubMed

    Pimentel, L; Hughes, B

    1991-04-01

    Amantadine hydrochloride is a commonly prescribed drug with a narrow therapeutic-to-toxic range. Toxicity is related to the anticholinergic properties of the drug and primarily affects the cardiovascular, central nervous, and respiratory systems. We report the case of an adolescent who ingested 1.3 grams of amantadine and developed complex ventricular arrhythmias and altered mental status. The arrhythmias were completely suppressed with intravenous lidocaine. This case supports the hypothesis that lidocaine is effective for treatment of ventricular arrhythmias secondary to amantadine toxicity.

  9. MURCS (Müllerian duct aplasia–renal agenesis–cervicothoracic somite dysplasia): a rare cause of primary amenorrhoea

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Sunil; Sharma, Shruti

    2016-01-01

    The agenesis of the Müllerian duct is the second most common cause of primary amenorrhoea after Turner syndrome. The abnormal development of Müllerian duct often associates with the urinary tract and skeletal abnormalities. MURCS (Müllerian duct aplasia–renal agenesis–cervicothoracic somite dysplasia) association is a unique and rare developmental disorder with four common features of uterine hypoplasia or aplasia, renal agenesis or ectopy, vertebral anomalies and short stature. We report a case of young female with primary amenorrhoea. She had well-developed secondary sexual characteristics along with multiple congenital developmental abnormalities such as the absence of uterus, ectopic kidney, cervical vertebral fusion, hemivertebrae, scoliosis, cervical rib, facial asymmetry and growth retardation. Our case highlights the rarity and clinical importance of this syndrome. For the evaluation of primary amenorrhoea in a female with well-developed secondary sexual characteristics, congenital anomalies should be ruled out before hormone and karyotype analyses. PMID:27099773

  10. Bilateral hip arthritis in a case of renal osteodystrophy

    PubMed Central

    Vaishya, Raju; Nyokabi, David Ndegwa; Vaish, Abhishek

    2014-01-01

    Chronic renal disease is often associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPP) and rarely with tertiary HPP. Hip arthritis with protrusio acetabuli, secondary to tertiary HPP, is a rare case scenario and has not been described well in the literature. We present a rare case of bilateral hip arthritis with protrusio acetabuli secondary to renal osteodystrophy due to tertiary HPP. The diagnosis and aetiology of hip arthritis and its treatment have been discussed along with a detailed review of literature of skeletal lesions due to HPP. PMID:24554674

  11. Bilateral hip arthritis in a case of renal osteodystrophy.

    PubMed

    Vaishya, Raju; Nyokabi, David Ndegwa; Vaish, Abhishek

    2014-02-19

    Chronic renal disease is often associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPP) and rarely with tertiary HPP. Hip arthritis with protrusio acetabuli, secondary to tertiary HPP, is a rare case scenario and has not been described well in the literature. We present a rare case of bilateral hip arthritis with protrusio acetabuli secondary to renal osteodystrophy due to tertiary HPP. The diagnosis and aetiology of hip arthritis and its treatment have been discussed along with a detailed review of literature of skeletal lesions due to HPP.

  12. Isolated renal pelvis rupture secondary to blunt trauma: Case report

    PubMed Central

    Taken, Kerem; Oncü, Mehmet Reşit; Ergün, Müslüm; Eryılmaz, Recep; Güneş, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Isolated rupture of the renal pelvis is a very rare condition and thus causes delays in the diagnosis of the rupture. It is most commonly seen in the setting of obstructive ureteric calculus. Other rare causes include neoplasms, trauma, and iatrogenic procedures. Diagnosis is usually established on computed tomography (CT) which demonstrates the extravasation of the contrast in the peripelvic, perinephric, or retroperitoneal collections. Presentation of case A 27-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital due to multiple traumas associated with motor vehicle accidents. The patient had clear urine output. A large pelvic rupture was detected by abdominal contrast-enhanced CT and after consulting with other departments, emergency repair of the renal pelvis was performed and a ureteral stent was implanted. Discussion Only a few isolated cases of pelvis rupture with resultant extravasation have been reported in the literature. The treatment of pelvic rupture should be preceded by the removal of underlying causes, followed by conservative management. However, surgical intervention should be warranted in the emergency cases presenting with the symptoms that may impede the decision-making process and in the cases whose diagnosis cannot be clarified by radiological techniques. Conclusion Renal pelvic injury must be considered in the differential diagnosis of blunt trauma. Surgical intervention may be necessary in some cases. We present a case who underwent surgery due to isolated renal pelvis rupture caused by blunt abdominal trauma. PMID:25734319

  13. [Acute renal failure and Plasmodium falciparum malaria: a case report].

    PubMed

    Kissou, S A; Cessouma, R; Barro, M; Traoré, H; Nacro, B

    2012-01-01

    Malaria is an endemic disease caused by one of the several Plasmodium species. Severe malaria is mainly due to Plasmodium falciparum in highly endemic areas. Acute renal failure (ARF) is a criterion of malaria severity as defined by WHO. Often observed in adults, particularly in India and Southeast Asia, this complication remains a rare complication of malaria in children. We report a case of oliguric ARF that occurred in a 7-year-old girl a few days after the onset of fever. The vascular obstruction by parasitized erythrocytes often causing tubular necrosis is the primary mechanism of renal failure. As a possible diagnosis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, renal failure and quartan hemoglobinuric nephropathy are other possible causes of renal failure in malaria. Renal biopsy, which was not performed in our patient, would have been a great help, but was not available. The outcome was favorable with recovery of renal function after 3 weeks of diuretic therapy. This development is not always the rule and the prognosis depends on early diagnosis and treatment options.

  14. Renal

    MedlinePlus

    ... term "renal" refers to the kidney. For example, renal failure means kidney failure. Related topics: Kidney disease Kidney disease - diet Kidney failure Kidney function tests Renal scan Kidney transplant

  15. Subdiaphragmatic Renal Ectopia: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Krishnan, Rajesh G.

    2016-01-01

    Background. We report the case of a male infant whose right kidney migrated to an ectopic position after birth. The migration of a kidney in postnatal life without any symptoms has not been reported in literature so far. Case Presentation. In a series of antenatal and the first postnatal ultrasound scans, the right kidney was normally located within the right renal fossa. During the first 3 months of life, the kidney migrated to a subdiaphragmatic position. This was confirmed on MRI scan. The infant was asymptomatic with normal renal function and blood pressure. Conclusion. Postnatal migration of a kidney has been described in cases of diaphragmatic hernia or nephroptosis. In this report, we describe a case of kidney migration where there were no underlying anatomical defects to provide an explanation for the kidney migration. This is the first report in literature of a case of postnatal migration of a kidney. PMID:27668105

  16. [Visceral leishmaniasis and pregnancy in renal transplanted patient: case report].

    PubMed

    Silva, Jaqueline de Almeida; Araújo, Ivan de Melo; Pavanetti, Luiz Carlos; Okamoto, Liene Shigaki; Dias, Mônica

    2015-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe and potentially fatal disease caused by different Leishmania species, Leishmania chagasi prevailing in Brazil. Main symptoms include fever, malaise, anorexia, weight loss and abdominal enlargement with typically occurring hepatosplenomegaly Currently, VL is considered an opportunistic infection in immunocompromised hosts, including solid organ transplanted patients. The present study reports a case of VL associated to pregnancy after renal transplantation.

  17. Renal Extra Skeletal Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Salehipour, Mehdi; Hosseinzadeh, Masood; Sisakhti, Afshin Molaei; Parvin, Vahid Abdol Mohammadi; Sadraei, Amin; Adib, Ali

    2017-05-01

    Primary mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the Kidney is an extremely rare entity and very few cases have been reported in literature. We report a 22-year-old male with a right renal mass; after radical nephrectomy, pathologic examination revealed primary extra skeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma.

  18. Renal cell carcinoma presenting as a simple renal cyst: A case report.

    PubMed

    Yu, Yanlan; Ma, Liang; Wang, Zhenghui; Zhang, Zhigen

    2017-04-01

    Cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) presenting as a simple cyst are extremely rare. We herein report the case of a patient with RCC diagnosed as a simple renal cyst preoperatively. A 39-year-old female patient presented with abdominal pain for 3 months. Ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a simple cyst in the left kidney. The patient underwent laparoscopic decortication of the renal cyst. Biochemical analysis of the cystic fluid revealed unusually low levels of potassium, sodium, calcium and glucose, and the histological examination of the floor of the cyst indicated malignancy. Laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed 20 days later and the pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of RCC of the clear cell type. At the 2-year follow-up, the patient remained well and recurrence-free on imaging. The aim of the present study was to emphasize the importance of recognizing that RCC may occur in what appears to be a simple renal cyst based on imaging results. Biochemical analysis of the cystic fluid may help identify the presence of malignancy.

  19. [The acute renal and cerebral toxicity of lithium: a cerebro-renal syndrome? A case report].

    PubMed

    Prencipe, M; Cicchella, A; Del Giudice, A; Di Giorgio, A; Scarlatella, A; Vergura, M; Aucella, F

    2013-01-01

    This descriptive report describes the case of a 50 year-old woman with bipolar disorder, whose maintenance therapy comprised risperidone, sodium valproato and lithium carbonate without any past occurrence of toxicity. Her past medical history was significant for hypertension, cardiopathy and obesity. She presented with a 1-week history of fever, increasing confusion and slurred speech. At presentation, the patient was somnolent. Laboratory investigations revealed a serum creatinine of 3,6 mg/dl, BUN 45 mg/dl serum lithium 3,0 mEq/L with polyuria defined as more than 3 litres a day. EEG and ECG were abnormal. CT brain scanning and lumbar puncture were negative for brain haemorrage or infection. Lithium toxicity causes impairment of renal concentration and encephalopathy due to lithium recirculation, a mechanism responsible for the so-called cerebro-renal syndrome, where dialysis plays an important role in treatment.The patient was treated with continous veno-venous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) over 35 hours with gradual improvement of her general condition and efficacy of renal concentration. Our case highlights a few important points. Lithium nefrotoxicity and neurotoxicity can cause a cerebro-renal syndrome even when serum lithium levels are not particularly raised (2,5-3,5 mEq/L). Haemodialysis is the treatment of choice to reduce the molecular mechanisms of lithium-related changes in urinary concentration and reinstate dopaminergic activity in the brain.

  20. Rare case of thoracic kidney detected by renal scintigraphy

    PubMed Central

    Natarajan, Aravintho; Agrawal, Archi; Purandare, Nilendu; Shah, Sneha; Rangarajan, Venkatesh

    2016-01-01

    Intrathoracic kidney is a rare congenital abnormality with lowest frequency among all renal ectopias. Patients with thoracic kidneys are usually asymptomatic, and the condition is usually discovered incidentally during radiological evaluation for other conditions or during thoracic surgery. We report a case of a 62-year-old male who was referred to our department for renal scintigraphy for a nonvisualized left kidney on ultrasonography report. Both Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid scans revealed a left thoracic kidney which was confirmed by CT scan of the thorax and abdomen. PMID:27385896

  1. Urothelial and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Renal Pelvis – A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hippargi, Surekha B.; Kumar, Mayank

    2016-01-01

    Primary malignant tumors of the renal pelvis are relatively rare. Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis accounts for 7% of all renal neoplasms, with Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) forming a very small percentage of these cases. Urothelial and SCC of renal pelvis is still a rarer entity. This malignancy of the renal pelvis lacks the characteristic presentation of common renal cell carcinoma and usually presents at an advanced disease stage. We report a case of urothelial and SCC of renal pelvis in a 61-year-old male who presented with non-specific clinical complaints like dysuria and right flank pain. PMID:27790450

  2. Localized jaw enlargement in renal osteodystrophy: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kalyvas, Demos; Tosios, Konstantinos I; Leventis, Minas D; Tsiklakis, Kostas; Angelopoulos, Angelos P

    2004-01-01

    Renal osteodystrophy is a common long-term complication of end-stage renal disease. Involvement of the jaws is common and radiographic alterations are often one of the earliest signs of chronic renal disease. However, marked enlargement of the jaws is a rare complication of renal osteodystrophy. A case of localized asymptomatic enlargement of the mandible in a 38-year-old woman with chronic renal failure is presented. The clinical, radiographic, and histological findings were consistent with renal osteodystrophy. To our knowledge, this is the third case of localized mandibular enlargement of renal osteodystrophy reported in the English-language literature.

  3. A Case Series of Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis in Renal Transplant Patients

    PubMed Central

    Freitas, Cristina; Silva, Hugo; Aguiar, Pedro; Farrajota, Pedro; Almeida, Manuela; Pedroso, Sofia; Martins, La Salete; Dias, Leonídio; Vizcaíno, José Ramón; Castro Henriques, António; Cabrita, António

    2013-01-01

    Tuberculosis is a disease relatively frequent in renal transplant patients, presenting a wide variety of clinical manifestations, often involving various organs and potentially fatal. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis, although rare in the general population, is about 50 times more frequent in renal transplant patients. Intestinal tuberculosis has a very difficult investigational approach, requiring a high clinical suspicion for its diagnosis. Therapeutic options may be a problem in the context of an immunosuppressed patient, requiring adjustment of maintenance therapy. The authors report two cases of isolated gastro-intestinal tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients that illustrates the difficulty of making this diagnosis and a brief review of the literature on its clinical presentation, diagnosis, and therapeutic approach. PMID:24558621

  4. A Case of Primary Aldosteronism with End Stage Renal Disease

    PubMed Central

    Na, Hyun Hee; Park, Kyung Jun; Kim, Sun Young

    2006-01-01

    A 52-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to chronic renal failure with a 10-year history of hypertension. We found polycystic kidney disease, pulmonary tuberculosis and an aldosterone-producing adrenocortical mass. At this time, her serum potassium level and blood pressure were within the normal range. She refused hemodialysis and then was hospitalized because of uremic encephalopathy. On admission, her serum potassium level was normal without treatment and plasma aldosterone concentration highly elevated. She received hemodialysis, and thereafter hypokalemia developed. We then administered spironolactone, whereupon serum potassium level returned to the normal range. In this case, we thought that normokalemia was balanced hypokalemia of primary aldosteronism with hyperkalemia of chronic renal failure, and that hypokalemia developed after hemodialysis was due to an imbalanced primary aldosteronism with end stage renal disease. PMID:24459492

  5. Forgotten ureteric stents in renal transplant recipients: three case reports.

    PubMed

    Bardapure, Mallikarjun; Sharma, Ajay; Hammad, Abdul

    2014-01-01

    Ureteric stents are widely used in renal transplantation to minimize the early urological complications. Ureteric stents are removed between two and 12 weeks following trans-plantation, once the vesico-ureteric anastomosis is healed. Ureteric stents are associated with considerable morbidity due to complications such as infection, hematuria, encrustations and migration. Despite the patient having a regular follow-up in the renal transplant clinic, ureteric stents may be overlooked and forgotten. The retained or forgotten ureteric stents may adversely affect renal allograft function and could be potentially life-threatening in immunocompromised transplant recipients with a single transplant kidney. Retrieving these retained ureteric stents could be challenging and may necessitate multimodal urological treatments. We report three cases of forgotten stents in renal transplant recipients for more than four years. These cases emphasize the importance of patient education about the indwelling ureteric stent and possibly providing with a stent card to the patient. Maintaining a stent register, with a possible computer tracking system, is highly recommended to prevent such complications.

  6. A Case of Lipiduria After Arterial Embolization for Renal Angiomyolipomas

    SciTech Connect

    Ishibashi, Naoya; Mochizuki, Takao; Tanaka, Hiroshi; Okada, Yasuhiro; Kobayashi, Masaki; Takahashi, Motoichiro

    2010-06-15

    We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who suffered lipiduria after selective transcatheter arterial embolization for renal angiomyolipoma (AML). Computed tomography confirmed cystic liquefactive necrosis with fat-fluid level in AML. Although the process by which AML fat tissue excretion occurs is not clear, we speculated that the infarcted AML was connected to the urinary collection duct system and subsequently its adipose component was excreted into the urine.

  7. Renal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumour: Case Report of a Rare Entity

    PubMed Central

    Kumarguru, B.N.; Bhat, Balachandra; Ramaswamy, A.S.; Kumar, M. Udaya

    2017-01-01

    The peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumour (PNET) is a member of the family of small round cell tumours. PNET is more aggressive in kidney when compared to the other sites. It usually presents in childhood or adolescence. It has an aggressive clinical course and may process towards metastatic disease culminating in death. A 24-year-old female presented with left sided abdominal swelling. Abdominal ultrasound confirmed a heterogeneous left renal mass. Consequently the patient underwent nephrectomy of left kidney and left oophorectomy. Grossly, the tumour involved almost entire kidney, showed multi-lobular, grey, glistening appearance with focal haemorrhagic areas. Histologically, the tumour cells were arranged in diffuse infiltrating sheets, cohesive lobules, Homer-Wright rosettes and perivascular pseudo-rosettes. Individual tumour cells were small round cells with scant cytoplasm and round nuclei having dispersed chromatin. Features were suggestive of PNET. Immunohistochemistry showed tumour cells displaying strong membrane positivity for MIC 2. Renal PNET needs to be differentiated from other primary and metastatic renal round-cell tumours. Most of the cases of renal PNET have poor response to standard treatment of combined surgical resection, post-operative irradiation, and chemotherapy. PNET is a rare primary tumour in the kidney. Histopathological diagnosis has to be confirmed by immunophenotyping of the tumour cells. PMID:28384877

  8. Renal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumour: Case Report of a Rare Entity.

    PubMed

    Gali, Sai Chandana; Kumarguru, B N; Bhat, Balachandra; Ramaswamy, A S; Kumar, M Udaya

    2017-02-01

    The peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumour (PNET) is a member of the family of small round cell tumours. PNET is more aggressive in kidney when compared to the other sites. It usually presents in childhood or adolescence. It has an aggressive clinical course and may process towards metastatic disease culminating in death. A 24-year-old female presented with left sided abdominal swelling. Abdominal ultrasound confirmed a heterogeneous left renal mass. Consequently the patient underwent nephrectomy of left kidney and left oophorectomy. Grossly, the tumour involved almost entire kidney, showed multi-lobular, grey, glistening appearance with focal haemorrhagic areas. Histologically, the tumour cells were arranged in diffuse infiltrating sheets, cohesive lobules, Homer-Wright rosettes and perivascular pseudo-rosettes. Individual tumour cells were small round cells with scant cytoplasm and round nuclei having dispersed chromatin. Features were suggestive of PNET. Immunohistochemistry showed tumour cells displaying strong membrane positivity for MIC 2. Renal PNET needs to be differentiated from other primary and metastatic renal round-cell tumours. Most of the cases of renal PNET have poor response to standard treatment of combined surgical resection, post-operative irradiation, and chemotherapy. PNET is a rare primary tumour in the kidney. Histopathological diagnosis has to be confirmed by immunophenotyping of the tumour cells.

  9. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in a meningioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Han, H S; Kim, E Y; Han, J Y; Kim, Y B; Hwang, T S; Chu, Y C

    2000-10-01

    Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is rare. We report a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in meningioma. A 67-year-old woman presented a two-week history of motor dysphagia and decreased short-term memory. She had undergone a left radical nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma 7 years ago, and had not received any adjuvant therapy. MRI disclosed a 3.0 x 3.0 x 3.0-cm sized round tentorial-based extraaxial mass with peritumoral edema in the left posterior temporal lobe. During operation, the tumor was found to be an encapsulated mass firmly attached to the tentorium. Histologically, the tumor was a meningotheliomatous meningioma extensively infiltrated by metastatic renal cell carcinoma, accompanying widespread coagulative necrosis. Immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin revealed strong positivity only in the renal cell carcinoma component. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Post-operative radiation therapy was applied to the whole brain. Three months after operation, the patient developed right hemiparesis and dysphagia. Brain MRI at that time did not reveal recurrence or any other causative lesions, although the whole body scan disclosed uptake at the second lumbar vertebra and rib. The patient refused further treatment.

  10. [Renal carcinoid tumor presenting as bladder tamponade: a case report and review of the Japanese cases].

    PubMed

    Kajita, Yoichiro; Megumi, Yuzuru; Okabe, Tatsushiro

    2005-07-01

    A 65-year-old man presented with sudden onset of gross hematuria and urinary retention. Computed tomographic scan (CT) showed a cystic multilocular enhancing lesion (9 cm in diameter) at the left renal hilum causing thinning and lateral displacement of the left renal parenchyma. Left hydronephrosis and a renal calculi were observed. We performed radical nephrectomy suspecting a cystic renal cell carcinoma. Microscopic examination and immunohistochemical studies confirmed the diagnosis of the carcinoid tumor. The tumor cells were fully positive for neuron-specific enolase and keratin, and partially positive for chromogranin-A. One of the resected lymph nodes was positive for metastasis. Additional gastrointestinal tract examinations for carcinoid tumor were negative. However, he was concurrently diagnosed with poorly differentiated prostate cancer and hormonal therapy was started. He is free of recurrent carcinoid tumor nine months postoperatively. This case is the 31st report of renal carcinoid tumors in Japan.

  11. A Case of Crossed Left Renal Ectopia Identified during Colostomy Reversal

    PubMed Central

    Narayanan, Sumana; Maloney-Patel, Nell

    2017-01-01

    Unilateral crossed renal ectopia without fusion is an uncommon anatomic anomaly, which often goes undiagnosed. We report a case of this renal variant discovered incidentally during colostomy reversal after Hartmann's procedure for diverticular stricture. PMID:28197355

  12. RENAL CELL CARCINOMA METASTASIS TO THE SINONASAL CAVITY: CASE REPORT.

    PubMed

    Kovačić, Marijan; Krvavica, Ana; Rudić, Milan

    2015-06-01

    Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all adult malignant tumors. Common sites of metastases are lungs, bone, liver, brain and adrenal glands. Metastatic disease to the head and neck ranges from 15% to 30%. The 5-year survival rate after nephrectomy is 60%-75%, but with multiorgan metastases the 5-year survival rate is significantly lower, 0-7%. A case is presented of a female patient diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma metastases to the paranasal sinuses, diagnosed and treated at the Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, Zadar General Hospital, Zadar, Croatia. The tumor was surgically removed. Unfortunately, the patient died one year after the procedure due to multiorgan failure. Although metastases of renal cell carcinoma to the head and neck are very rare, it should be first suspected when investigating a metastatic tumor in this region. Surgical excision offers the best hope for long term survival. In case of unresectable tumor, other treatment options should be considered such as radiotherapy, immunotherapy and chemotherapy.

  13. Unusual Case of Acute Renal Failure Following Multiple Wasp Stings

    PubMed Central

    Rachaiah, Niranjan M; Jayappagowda, Lokesh A; Siddabyrappa, Harsha B; Bharath, Venkatesh K

    2012-01-01

    The wasp stings usually cause local reactions and rarely anaphylaxis. However the multiple wasp stings may cause multisystem involvement. We report a case of acute renal failure (ARF) following multiple wasp stings. A middle aged healthy gentleman presented with pain and swelling of the upper part of the body following multiple wasp stings. After 2 days, he developed progressive decrease in urine output with high colored urine. Physical examination revealed the edematous and tender affected part. On investigating, it was found to have sequential elevations in renal function tests. The markers of muscle injury were grossly elevated and liver enzymes were deranged. These findings suggest multisystem involvement predominantly ARF secondary to rhabdomyolysis. With the initiation of the intense hemodialysis, all the above parameters became normal. Timely intervention of multiple wasp stings causing ARF with multiorgan involvement by hemodialysis not only prevents mortality but also other complications. PMID:22408758

  14. Right-to-left frequency gradient during atrial fibrillation initiated by right atrial ectopies and its augmentation by adenosine triphosphate: Implications of right atrial fibrillation.

    PubMed

    Hasebe, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Kentaro; Iida, Masataka; Hatano, Naoki; Muramatsu, Toshiro; Aonuma, Kazutaka

    2016-02-01

    A left-to-right dominant frequency (DF) gradient commonly exists in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). AF initiated by right atrial (RA) ectopy (AF-RAE) is rare. This study aimed to investigate characteristics of AF-RAE using pharmacological maneuvers and spectral analysis. Seventy-nine consecutive patients referred for catheter ablation of paroxysmal AF were enrolled. Infusions of isoproterenol and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were used to induce AF. Patients with AF-RAE and patients with AF initiated only by pulmonary vein (PV) ectopies were classified into the RA-ectopy group (n = 7[9%]) and PV-ectopy group (n = 32[41%]), respectively. ATP was also injected during ongoing AF to unmask the driver of AF. High RA, coronary sinus, and PV-left atrial junction electrograms and electrocardiogram lead V1 underwent spectral analyses. Patients in the RA-ectopy group were younger (51 ± 13 years vs 63 ± 7 years; P = .01) and more commonly had a family history of AF (71% vs 9%; P < .001) than patients in the PV-ectopy group. There was a baseline right-to-left DF gradient in the RA-ectopy group (PV-left atrial junction: 6.0 ± 0.4 Hz; coronary sinus: 5.7 ± 0.6 Hz; RA: 7.3 ± 0.8 Hz; P < .05) in contrast to a left-to-right DF gradient in the PV-ectopy group (5.9 ± 0.8, 5.3 ± 0.7, 5.2 ± 0.8 Hz; P < .01). ATP injection predominantly increased the DF of the high RA in the RA-ectopy group and augmented a right-to-left DF gradient (7.9 ± 1.8, 7.6 ± 1.0, 10.7 ± 0.7 Hz; P < .001), whereas it augmented a left-to-right DF gradient in the PV-ectopy group (7.9 ± 1.0, 6.4 ± 0.5, 6.6 ± 1.2 Hz; P < .05). A rare type of paroxysmal AF initiated by RA ectopy may be maintained by a reentrant driver localized in the RA (so-called RA fibrillation). Copyright © 2016 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Two cases of cisplatin-induced permanent renal failure following neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophageal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Sasaki, Tomohiko; Motoyama, Satoru; Komatsuda, Atsushi; Shibata, Hiroyuki; Sato, Yusuke; Yoshino, Kei; Wakita, Akiyuki; Saito, Hajime; Anbai, Akira; Jin, Mario; Minamiya, Yoshihiro

    2016-01-01

    Introduction We experienced two esophageal cancer patients who developed severe acute renal failure after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorourasil. Presentation of case After administration of cisplatin, their serum creatinine increased gradually until they required hemodialysis and their renal failure was permanent. In both cases, renal biopsy examination indicated partial recovery of the proximal tubule, but renal function did not recover. After these events, one patient underwent definitive radiotherapy and the other underwent esophagectomy for their esophageal cancers, while continuing dialysis. Both patients are alive without cancer recurrence. Discussion In these two cases of cisplatin-induced renal failure, renal biopsy examination showed only slight disorder of proximal tubules and tendency to recover. Conclusion Although cisplatin-related nephrotoxicity is a well-recognized complication, there have been few reports of renal failure requiring hemodialysis in cancer patients. In this report, we present their clinical courses and the pathological findings of cisplatin-related renal failure. PMID:26851395

  16. Primary renal lymphoma: report of 3 cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Arranz Arija, J A; Carrion, J R; Garcia, F R; Tejedor, A; Pérez-Manga, G; Tardio, J; Menarguez, F J

    1994-01-01

    Primary renal lymphoma is a controversial entity. Only 29 cases have been reported since 1980. Diagnostic criteria are not well established. We report here 3 new cases and review the literature. Primary renal lymphoma was considered on the basis of uni- or bilateral nonobstructive nephromegaly with or without renal failure. In all cases, the diagnosis was made after renal biopsy. Extrarenal abdominal involvement was excluded by imaging techniques. The role of staging laparotomy remains controversial. Chemotherapy is the treatment of choice, but the prognosis is poor. We propose a clinical definition of primary renal lymphoma in order to achieve a better management of the disease.

  17. Myoglobinuric acute renal failure in phencyclidine overdose: report of observations in eight cases.

    PubMed

    Patel, R; Das, M; Palazzolo, M; Ansari, A; Balasubramaniam, S

    1980-11-01

    Eight cases of myoglobinuric acute renal failure that developed following exposure to phencyclidine were seen in the emergency department of the Martin Luther King Jr. General Hospital during a period of 36 months. All eight survived with complete recovery of renal function. Dialysis was necessary in three patients. Acute renal failure is an uncommon complication of phencyclidine abuse.

  18. Remission of hypertension after treatment of giant simple renal cyst: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Renal cysts are common in old patients, and usually remain untreated. Giant renal cysts measuring more than 15 cm in greatest diameter are uncommon and the association with hypertension is very rare. We present a case of a 25-year-old woman with a giant right renal cyst associated with hypertension that was treated by laparoscopic excision, followed by resolution hypertension. PMID:20062669

  19. Diagnostic use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibited renal scintigraphy in the identification of selective renal artery stenosis in the presence of multiple renal arteries: A case report

    SciTech Connect

    Morton, K.A.; Rose, S.C.; Haakenstad, A.O.; Handy, J.E.; Scuderi, A.J.; Datz, F.L. )

    1990-11-01

    In patients with renovascular hypertension, it is unknown whether the angiotensin converting enzyme-(ACE) inhibited renal scan will identify stenosis of a segmental branch of a single renal artery or of an accessory artery where multiple renal arteries are present. Since multiple renal arteries may be present in approximately 25% of all individuals, it will be important to establish whether the ACE-inhibited renal scan is useful in this population. We report a case of stenosis involving a renal artery in a patient with multiple renal arteries, successfully identified by ACE-inhibited renal scintigraphy.

  20. [The bilateral renal lymphoma: an incurable disease? Case report].

    PubMed

    Napoli, Marcello; Montinaro, A M; D'Ambrosio, E; Di Renzo, N; Ambrosino, C; Lefons, M; Pati, C; Sozzo, E

    2014-01-01

    The bilateral primary renal lymphoma (PRL) is a rare disease with a high mortality rate (75% within the first year). We report the case of a fifty-three years old women observed in January 2011 for renal colic. Ultrasonography showed hypoechoic lobular formations in the kidney. Blood tests showed: creatinine 1.8 mg/dl, urea 75 mg/dl , Creatinine Clerance 35 ml/m, hemoglobinemia 11 g/dl, with blood cells 8.500/mcL, Albumin 2.8 g/dl, Beta -2 micro - 27.3/mL. Proteinuria was 0.3 g/24 hours. The CT scan showed kidneys with larger dimensions and multiple hypodense areas infiltrating the renal parenchyma with contrast-enhanced low in which kidneys had lesions similar to "leopard skin". The CT scan showed no enlarged lymph nodes. Renal biopsy showed: renal parenchyma largely occupied by infiltration of lymphoid elements, small and medium-sized, densely packed with compression of the tubular structures . Immunofluorescence for immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA, IgM, C3, C4, C1q, fibrinogen, kappa and lambda were negative. The bone marrow biopsy excluded lymphomatous infiltration. The histological diagnosis was "non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma"; the clinical diagnosis was LRBP. The patient was treated by 6 cycles of R-CHOP-21 protocol (rituximab - endoxan, adriblastina , vincristine, prendnisone), the latter of which practiced in August 2011. The pt is currently in follow-up hematology and nephrology . The first TAC control , in October 2011, showed a complete regression of the lesions infiltrating . This finding was confirmed by two other CT scan performed in February and October 2012. The last blood tests of February 2013 showed : creatinine 1.1 mg / dl , Urea 40 mg/dl, proteinuria absent. Currently, the pt is asymptomatic and is being treated by low dose of ACE inhibitor. The bilateral PRL is considered a severe disease with one-year mortality of 75% . The successful outcome of the case described can be attributed to haematological therapy and to the early diagnosis.

  1. Tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma: Report of a rare case

    PubMed Central

    Kakkar, Aanchal; Sharma, Mehar C.; Uppal, Manpreet; Chumber, Sunil

    2015-01-01

    Cystic neoplasms of the kidney are rare, and present a unique diagnostic challenge. We report the case of an elderly male who presented with a large cystic neoplasm, which was a diagnostic dilemma clinically and radiologically. Histopathological examination showed a tumour composed of variably sized tubules lined by atypical cells having large round nuclei with prominent nucleoli. Hobnailing was seen at places. Tumour cells were immunopositive for pancytokeratin, vimentin, CD10, CK19 and AMACR, confirming a diagnosis of tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (TC-RCC). PMID:26425234

  2. An unusual case of renal failure due to solitary plasmacytoma: parenchymal invasion of the kidney.

    PubMed

    Ozkok, Abdullah; Elcioglu, Omer Celal; Bakan, Ali; Sasak, Gulsah; Atilgan, Kadir Gokhan; Alisir, Sabahat; Odabas, Ali Riza

    2012-01-01

    Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is a rare plasma cell disorder mostly involving the upper airway; however, retroperitoneal infiltration is very rare. Kidney injury associated with EMP is exceptionally rare with only anecdotal reports. Herein we report a case of retroperitoneal EMP causing renal failure by the way of direct renal parenchymal infiltration. Renal parenchymal invasion should be considered in aggressive and refractory plasma cell dyscrasias with unexplained renal failure.

  3. End-stage renal disease due to delayed diagnosis of renal tuberculosis: a fatal case report.

    PubMed

    Daher, Elizabeth De Francesco; Silva Júnior, Geraldo Bezerra da; Damasceno, Renata Trindade; Santos, Gustavo Martins Dos; Corsino, Germana Alves; Silva, Sônia Leite da; Gutiérrez-Adrianzén, Oswaldo Augusto

    2007-02-01

    Renal TB is difficult to diagnose, because many patients present themselves with lower urinary symptoms which are typical of bacterial cystitis. We report a case of a young woman with renal TB and ESRD. She was admitted with complaints of adynamia, anorexia, fever, weight loss, dysuria and generalized edema for 10 months. At physical examination she was febrile (39 degrees C), and her abdomen had increased volume and was painful at palpation. Laboratorial tests showed serum urea = 220 mg/dL, creatinine = 6.6 mg/dL, hemoglobin = 7.9 g/dL, hematocrit = 24.3%, leukocytes = 33,600/mm(3) and platelets = 664,000/mm(3). Urinalysis showed an acid urine (pH = 5.0), leukocyturia (2+/4+) and mild proteinuria (1+/4+). She was also oliguric (urinary volume < 400 mL/day). Abdominal echography showed thick and contracted bladder walls and heterogeneous liquid collection in the left pelvic region. Two laparotomies were performed, in which abscess in pelvic region was found. Anti-peritoneal tuberculosis treatment with rifampin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide was started. During the follow-up, the urine culture was found to be positive for M. tuberculosis. Six months later the patient had complaints of abdominal pain and dysuria. New laboratorial tests showed serum urea = 187 mg/dL, creatinine = 8.0 mg/dL, potassium = 6.5 mEq/L. Hemodialysis was then started. The CT scan showed signs of chronic nephropathy, dilated calyces and thinning of renal cortex in both kidneys and severe dilation of ureter. The patient developed neurologic symptoms, suggesting tuberculous meningoencephalitis, and died despite of support measures adopted. The patient had ESRD due to secondary uropathy to prolonged tuberculosis of urinary tract that was caused by delayed clinical and laboratorial diagnosis, and probably also due to inadequate antituberculous drugs administration.

  4. CT and MRI Findings in a Rare Case of Renal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Akkaya, Zehra; Peker, Elif; Gulpinar, Basak; Karadag, Hale; Erden, Ayse

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Primary renal primitive neuroectodermal tumor/extraskeletal Ewing’s sarcoma (PNET/EES) is a very rare renal tumor. Case Report We report a case of primary renal PNET/EES of the kidney in an adult patient and describe its computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings, including diffusion weighted images along with a review of the current medical literature. Conclusions Although very rare, a relatively large renal mass which shows very infiltrative growth pattern on CT and MR imaging and striking diffusion restriction should raise the suspicion of a renal primitive neuroectodermal tumor, in a young adult. PMID:27635170

  5. Renal Artery Injury Secondary to Blunt Abdominal Trauma – Two Case Reports

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Zahoor; Nabir, Syed; Ahmed, Mohamed Nadeem; Al Hilli, Shatha; Ravikumar, Vajjala; Momin, Umais Zaid

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Blunt abdominal trauma is routinely encountered in the Emergency Department. It is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality amongst the population below the age of 35 years worldwide. Renal artery injury secondary to blunt abdominal trauma however, is a rare occurrence. Here, we present two such cases, encountered in the emergency department sustaining polytrauma following motor vehicle accidents. Case Report We hereby report two interesting cases of renal artery injury sustained in polytrauma patients. In these two cases we revealed almost the entire spectrum of findings that one would expect in renal arterial injuries. Conclusions Traumatic renal artery occlusion is a rare occurrence with devastating consequences if missed on imaging. Emergency radiologists need to be aware of the CT findings so as to accurately identify renal artery injury. This case report stresses the need for immediate CT assessment of polytrauma patients with suspected renal injury, leading to timely diagnosis and urgent surgical or endovascular intervention. PMID:28058071

  6. Case report: acute renal failure after administering intravenous immunoglobulin.

    PubMed

    Graumann, Aaron; Zawada, Edward T

    2010-03-01

    We report the case of an 87-year-old white woman with myasthenia gravis who presented with nausea, shortness of breath, azotemia, and hyperkalemia shortly after completing a course of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). She had been receiving monthly transfusions of IVIG, but this time had received daily infusions for 5 days rather than 1 day. She had received this same dose in the past without incident. Her history was significant for coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, chronic steroid use, and recurrent urinary tract infection. On examination, she was slightly confused, mildly dehydrated, had a grade II systolic ejection murmur along the upper left sternal border, had bilateral and symmetric mild weakness of the upper and lower extremities, and exhibited mild edema of the lower extremities. Before transfer from the emergency room, she was found to have an elevated serum urea nitrogen and creatinine of 55 and 5.8 mg/dL (19.6 mmol/L and 512.7 micromol/L, respectively). Creatinine 8 days earlier was 0.9 mg/dL (79.6 micromol/L). The hospital course of the acute renal failure is presented with a review of the literature on cases of acute renal failure after IVIG.

  7. Application of Onyx for Renal Arteriovenous Malformation With First Case Report of a Renal Hyperdense Striation Sign

    PubMed Central

    Juan, Yu-Hsiang; Lin, Yu-Ching; Sheng, Ting-Wen; Cheung, Yun-Chung; Ng, Shu-Hang; Yu, Chin-Wei; Wong, Ho-Fai

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Onyx is an emerging treatment modality for visceral vascular malformations, especially in cases in which delicate nidal penetration of the arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is desired. A computed tomography (CT) image presentation of hyperdense striations along the renal medulla secondary to the tantalum powder has not been previously reported. A 65-year-old woman presented to our institution with intermittent gross hematuria and left flank pain for 10 days. Both CT and conventional angiographies confirmed cirsoid-type renal AVM, which was successfully treated with Onyx. Follow-up CT after treatment revealed presence of hyperdense striations along the renal medulla, which resolved during later image follow-up. Despite its frequent usage in neural intervention, the application of Onyx in visceral AVM is gradually gaining interest, especially in cases in which delicate nidal penetration of the AVM is desired. Renal hyperdense striation sign should be recognized to avoid confusion with embolizer migration, and further studies in patients with renal function impairment may be helpful in understanding its influence of renal function. PMID:26426661

  8. Reversal of end-stage renal disease after aortic dissection using renal artery stent: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Weiss, Andrew S; Ludkowski, Michael; Parikh, Chirag R

    2004-01-01

    Background Medical management is the conventional treatment for Stanford Type B aortic dissections as surgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The advent of endovascular interventional techniques has revived interest in treating end-organ complications of Type B aortic dissection. We describe a patient who benefited from endovascular repair of renal artery stenosis caused by a dissection flap, which resulted in reversal of his end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Case presentation A 69 y/o male with a Type B aortic dissection diagnosed two months earlier was found to have a serum creatinine of 15.2 mg/dL (1343.7 μmol/L) on routine visit to his primary care physician. An MRA demonstrated a rightward spiraling aortic dissection flap involving the origins of the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, and both renal arteries. The right renal artery arose from the false lumen with lack of blood flow to the right kidney. The left renal artery arose from the true lumen, but an intimal dissection flap appeared to be causing an intermittent stenosis of the left renal artery with compromised blood flow to the left kidney. Endovascular reconstruction with of the left renal artery with stent placement was performed. Hemodialysis was successfully discontinued six weeks after stent placement. Conclusion Percutaneous intervention provides a promising alternative for patients with Type B aortic dissections when medical treatment will not improve the likelihood of meaningful recovery and surgery entails too great a risk. Nephrologists should therefore be aggressive in the workup of ischemic renal failure associated with aortic dissection as percutaneous intervention may reverse the effects of renal failure in this population. PMID:15125782

  9. Lansoprazole-induced acute allergic interstitial nephritis in a renal transplant recipient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yildirim, Tolga; Yilmaz, Rahmi; Baydar, Dilek Ertoy; Kutlugun, Aysun Aybal; Aki, Tuncay; Turgan, Cetin

    2012-12-01

    Drug-induced interstitial nephritis is one of the causes of graft dysfunction in renal transplant recipients. Although commonly implicated as a cause of drug-induced interstitial nephritis in the general population, proton pump inhibitor-induced interstitial nephritis has not yet been reported in renal transplant recipients. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is responsible for most cases of interstitial nephritis in this population. Here, we describe the first case of proton pump inhibitor-related interstitial nephritis in a renal transplant recipient.

  10. An intrahepatic calculus superimposed over the right renal shadow: a case of mistaken identity.

    PubMed

    Learney, Robert M; Shrotri, Nitin

    2010-08-01

    A 36-year-old Caucasian British woman presented with a classic case of right renal colic. Initial plain abdominal radiography and intravenous urography identified an 8 x 5 mm calculus apparently lying within a right lower pole calyx. Following failed extracorporeal lithotripsy and flexible ureterorenoscopy, cross-sectional imaging revealed a misdiagnosis by superposition of an intrahepatic calculus over the right renal shadow. This case serves to support cross-sectional imaging in the diagnosis of renal calculi.

  11. Oral manifestations in a renal osteodystrophy patient - a case report with review of literature.

    PubMed

    J, Parthiban; Nisha V, Aarthi; Gs, Asokan; Ca, Prakash; Mm, Varadharaja

    2014-08-01

    Renal Osteodystrophy (ROD) is a common complication of chronic renal disease (CRD) and is the part of a broad spectrum of disorders of mineral metabolism that occurs in the clinical setting. It occurs early in the course of chronic renal failure and progresses as the kidney function deteriorates. It is an osseous alteration believed to arise from increased parathyroid function associated with inappropriate calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D metabolism. Involvement of the jaws is common and radiographic alterations are often one of the earliest signs of chronic renal failure. Herein, reporting a case of Chronic Renal Failure (Bilateral Grade I Neuropathy) with ROD presenting oral manifestations in an 11-year -old male child.

  12. Post-renal transplant erythrocytosis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Almonte, Mavel; Velásquez-Jones, Luis; Valverde, Saúl; Carleton, Bruce; Medeiros, Mara

    2015-02-01

    PTE is defined as hematocrit >51% or hemoglobin >17 g/dL after renal transplantation. Risk factors include native kidneys with adequate erythropoiesis pretransplant, smoking, renal artery stenosis, and cyclosporine treatment. We report the case of a 14-yr-old female kidney transplant patient, with triple therapy immunosuppression and stable graft function who developed PTE at 12 months post-transplant with hemoglobin 17.3 g/dL, hematocrit 54.2%, stable graft function, and normotensive with normal cardiac echocardiogram and erythropoietin levels. The only risk factor found was tobacco use. As she had no spontaneous improvement, enalapril treatment was started at 19 months post-transplant with a hemoglobin level of 17.5 g/dL and hematocrit 53%; by 23 months post-transplant, hemoglobin lowered to 15 g/dL and hematocrit to 44.5% and continued to be in normal range thereafter. PTE is a rare condition in childhood and can be successfully treated with enalapril.

  13. Usefulness of CT During Renal Arteriography: A Case of Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for Renal Cell Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Tanigawa, Noboru Kariya, Shuji; Komemushi, Atsushi; Kojima, Hiroyuki; Sawada, Satoshi

    2004-11-15

    A 64-year-old man with a unilateral 15 mm diameter renal cell carcinoma underwent percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) assisted by CT during renal arteriography (angio-CT). Prior to placement of the needle electrode, a 5 Fr angio-catheter was placed in the right renal artery, and angio-CT was performed before, during and after the procedure. Since multiple angio-CT can be performed using a small amount of diluted contrast agent, RFA can be monitored without impairing renal function. As a result, this imaging combination was found to be useful for determining the end point of ablation.

  14. Communicating Fistula Between Colocutan and Nephrocutan With Renal Stones and Renal Replacement Lipomatosis. A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Soeprijanto, Bambang; Djatisoesanto, Wahjoe; Sandhika, Willy

    2017-01-01

    Colocutaneous fistula with nephrocutaneous fistula is a rare condition. Renal replacement lipomatosis is the result of the atrophy and destruction of renal parenchyma. We report a 60-year-old male with intermittent drainage mucus and fluid from ulcer of his right lumbar region. Renal ultrasound and plain abdominal X-ray revealed a chronic parenchymal disease with stone of the right kidney. Fistulography showed a fistula tract connecting the skin and the right pelvicalyceal system and the colon. Computerized tomography demonstrated a renal calculus with a massive fatty proliferation. The patient was planned for right nephrectomy and excision of the sinus tract.

  15. Renal amyloidosis followed more than 5 years: report of 12 cases.

    PubMed

    Kaaroud, H; Boubaker, K; Béji, S; Abderrahim, E; Moussa, F Ben; Turki, S; Goucha, R; Hedri, H; El Younsi, F; Kheder, A; Maiz, H Ben

    2004-01-01

    Renal involvement with amyloidosis is common but causes patient survival to be poor, rarely reaching 5 years. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed clinical and biological characteristics as well as treatments and outcomes of patients with renal amyloidosis followed for more than 5 years. Between 1975 and 2003, 485 patients were diagnosed with renal amyloidosis including only 12 patients who were followed more than 5 years. The six men and six women of mean age 42.4 years (range 18 to 66 years) displayed renal signs of lower limb edema in all cases; hypertension in four cases, proteinuria on urinalysis in all cases with microscopic hematuria in five cases. Biological tests showed nephrotic syndrome in 11 patients, normal renal function in nine patients, and renal failure in three patients whose mean creatinine was 481.6 micromol/L (range 294 to 726). The amyloidosis was AA type in 11 cases and non-AA in one case. An etiologic survey revealed spondylarthropathy in one patient, pulmonary tuberculosis in two patients, chronic bronchitis in three patients, hepatic hydatic cyst in one patient, Mediterranean familial fever in two patients, Crohn's disease in one patient, Hodgkin's lymphoma in one patient, and multiple myeloma in one patient. Specific treatment was initiated with colchicine in seven patients. At a 110-month mean follow-up (range 53 to 153 months), remission of nephrotic syndrome was observed in four cases, progression to chronic renal failure in two patients, and to end-stage renal failure in five cases (range 53 to 196 months), with stabilization of renal function in seven patients. In conclusion, primary amyloid disease should be optimally suppressed in patients with renal involvement. The role of this treatment in remission of renal amyloidosis is not well established. This efficacy of the treatment has been demonstrated in some patients with improved survival.

  16. Renal Biopsy Findings in Patients with Hypothyroidism: Report of 16 cases

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Usha; Singh, Rajeev; Santosh, Deepa; Parkash, Jai; Singh, Rana Gopal; Singh, Shivendra

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Hypothyroidism is prevalent in India. Its association with renal diseases though not very common but have been described in many studies. Here we are reporting renal biopsy findings in 16 cases, all of whom were already diagnosed cases of hypothyroidism. Aim To study renal parenchymal diseases associated in patients with hypothyroidism. Materials and Methods Formalin fixed paraffin embedded sections of renal biopsy were examined after staining with H&E, PAS and Acid Fuschin Orange G (AFOG) stain. Serum urea/creatinine measurements done by semi-autoanalysers and urine analysis were done by using urine strips and light microscopy. Results In 16 cases, M:F ratio was 9:7. Duration of disease varied from 6 months to 14 years. Blood urea and serum creatinine were raised in 10 cases (62.5%) and nephrotic range proteinuria was present in 13 cases (81.25%). Two of the patients had co existing systemic lupus erythaematous. Renal pathology revealed membranous glomerulonephritis (GN) in both cases. In renal biopsy seven cases (43.75%) had pure Membranous Glomerulonephritis (MGN), 4 cases (25%) had mixture of Mesan-gial cell proliferation and membranous Glomerulonephritis(GN) also called MembranoProliferative GN (MPGN). Another four cases (25%) had Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) with chronic interstitial nephritis and one case was having minimal change disease. Conclusion Thus present study concludes that hypothyroidism can cause renal parenchymal disease like membranous GN, mesangiocapillary GN which is also called as membranoproliferative GN and FSGS. PMID:27656449

  17. [Case of distal renal tubular acidosis complicated with renal diabetes insipidus, showing aggravation of symptoms with occurrence of diabetes mellitus].

    PubMed

    Liu, Hexing; Tomoda, Fumihiro; Koike, Tsutomu; Ohara, Maiko; Nakagawa, Taizo; Kagitani, Satoshi; Inoue, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    We report herein a 27-year-old male case of inherited distal renal tubular acidosis complicated with renal diabetes insipidus, the symptoms of which were aggravated by the occurrence of diabetes mellitus. At 2 months after birth, he was diagnosed as having inherited distal renal tubular acidosis and thereafter supplementation of both potassium and alkali was started to treat his hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. At the age of 4 years, calcification of the bilateral renal medulla was detected by computed tomography. Subsequently his urinary volume gradually increased and polyuria of approximately 4 L/day persisted. At the age of 27 years, he became fond of sugar-sweetened drinks and also often forgot to take the medicine. He was admitted to our hospital due to polyuria of more than 10 L day, muscle weakness and gait disturbance. Laboratory tests disclosed worsening of both hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis in addition to severe hyperglycemia. It seemed likely that occurrence of diabetes mellitus and cessation of medications can induce osmotic diuresis and aggravate hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. Consequently, severe dehydration, hypokalemia-induced damage of his urinary concentration ability and enhancement of the renin angiotensin system occurred and thereby possibly worsened his hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. As normalization of hyperglycemia and metabolic acidosis might have exacerbated hypokalemia further, dehydration and hypokalemia were treated first. Following intensive treatment, these abnormalities were improved, but polyuria persisted. Elevated plasma antidiuretic hormone (12.0 pg/mL) and deficit of renal responses to antidiuretic hormone suggested that the polyuria was attributable to the preexisting renal diabetes insipidus possibly caused by bilateral renal medulla calcification. Thiazide diuretic or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were not effective for the treatment of diabetes insipidus in the present case.

  18. [Infected solitary renal cyst of the graft in a renal transplant recipient : a case report].

    PubMed

    Ishida, Kenichiro; Tsuchiya, Tomohiro; Kondo, Hiromi; Nakane, Keita; Kato, Taku; Seike, Kensaku; Miwa, Kousei; Yasuda, Mitsuru; Yokoi, Sigeaki; Nakano, Masahiro; Deguchi, Takashi

    2011-09-01

    A 59-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease of diabetic nephropathy who had been on maintenance hemodialisis for 4 years, underwent a living-unrelated renal transplantation 6 years ago. She was admitted to our hospital, because of a low grade fever and edema. Ultrasonography revealed the cyst with heterogeneity structure in the upper pole of the transplanted kidney. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a high-intensity cystic mass measuring 68×53 mm. As fever and laboratory data did not improve sufficiently by the treatment with antibiotics, echo-guided puncture and drainage were performed for the abnormal structure in the upper pole of the transplanted kidney. In the culture of the purulent aspirate drained from renal cyst, Escherichia coli was isolated. To our knowledge, this is the first report of infected renal cyst of the graft in a renal transplant recipient in the world.

  19. Hyaline vascular castleman disease involving renal parenchyma and a lymph node: a case report.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Ji Hyun; Min, Soo Kee; Shin, Mi Kyung; Lee, Yong Seong; Lee, Young-Goo; Ko, Young Hyeh

    2012-02-01

    Castleman disease is a rare lymphoproliferative lesion that is predominantly found in the mediastinum. Retroperitoneal and pararenal localizations are very rare. We describe a 36-year-old man with a hyaline vascular type of Castleman disease involving renal parenchyma and a paraaortic lymph node. Most reported renal Castleman disease was plasma cell type with systemic symptoms. Herein, we report the first Korean case of the hyaline vascular type of Castleman disease involving the renal parenchyma and the paraaortic lymph node simultaneously.

  20. [Renal carcinoma extending to the inferior vena cava and the right atrium. A case report].

    PubMed

    Zarukiweicz, Magdalena; Pośnik-Kisło, Anna; Borys, Marcin; Dabrowski, Marek; Suwalski, Piotr; Suwalski, Kazimierz; Polański, Jerzy A

    2006-09-01

    A case of a 66-year-old male hospitalised due to heart failure is presented. Echocardiography showed an abnormal structure in the right atrium resembling myxoma or thrombus. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a right renal tumor. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging showed that the abnormal structure in the right atrium was a neoplasmatic plug continuously extending from renal carcinoma. The renal tumor and it's metastatic plug were successfully removed during surgery.

  1. Systemic lupus erythematosus accompanying with renal tuberculosis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Li, Tao; Gao, Liang; Chen, Peng; Bu, Si-Yuan; Cao, De-Hong; Yang, Lu; Wei, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman, with a six-year history of well-controlled systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), complained of urinary frequency and urgency. After failure of commonly-used antibiotic therapy, mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured from her urine and renal tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed. However, she underwent right nephrectomy after the combination therapies of prednisone for SLE and anti-tuberculosis treatment for renal TB failed. To our knowledge, SLE accompanying renal TB is rare, and such a rapid deterioration in renal function has never been reported. PMID:26221395

  2. [Synchronous bilateral chromophobe cell renal carcinoma: a case report].

    PubMed

    Mukai, Masatoshi; Imamura, Ryoichi; Takayama, Hitoshi; Nishimura, Kazuo; Nonomura, Norio; Okuyama, Akihiko

    2009-09-01

    An 81-year-old female presented with abdominal discomfort. Computed tomography scan showed a 26 x 22 mm tumor in the left kidney and 43 x 37 mm tumor in the right kidney. Clinical diagnosis was bilateral renal cell carcinoma, left; cT1a, right; cT1bN0M0. We planned primary unilateral partial nephrectomy, followed by secondary contralateral radical nephrectomy. Left partial nephrectomy was performed and 4 months later, laparoscopic right renal nephrectomy was performed without serious postoperative renal dysfunction. Pathological diagnosis of both tumors was chromophobe renal carcinoma. The patient has been doing well without any evidence of recurrence or metastasis.

  3. Papillary renal cell carcinoma within a renal oncocytoma: case report of an incidental finding of a tumour within a tumour

    PubMed Central

    Rowsell, Corwyn; Fleshner, Neil; Marrano, Paula; Squire, Jeremy; Evans, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The most common renal tumours are clear cell, papillary, chromophobe and collecting duct renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), and benign oncocytomas and angiomyolipomas. Tumours with hybrid features between some of these entities have been recognised; in particular, tumours with features of both chromophobe RCC and oncocytoma. Case reports describing one distinct type of primary renal tumour actually within another are very rare. The incidental finding of a papillary RCC located in an oncocytoma in a nephrectomy specimen from a 75‐year‐old man is described. Morphological criteria for each tumour type were completely satisfied and fluorescence in situ hybridisation detected the expected number of copies of chromosome 7 in the cells of each tumour type. The cells in the papillary tumour contained three copies, whereas the oncocytoma cells contained only two per nucleus. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a papillary RCC being identified within an oncocytoma. PMID:17405978

  4. Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome accompanied by renal cell carcinoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Mermerkaya, Murat; Burgu, Berk; Hamidi, Nurullah; Yüksel, Seher; Özçakar, Zeynep B; Sertçelik, Ayşe; Yalçinkaya, Fatoş; Soygür, Tarkan

    2013-10-01

    Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser anomaly originates from agenesis of the Müllerian duct including agenesis of the uterus and the vagina because of abnormal development of the uterine ducts. This syndrome may be accompanied by the upper urinary tract anomalies such as unilateral renal agenesis, ectopia of 1 or both kidneys, renal hypoplasia, horseshoe kidney, and hydronephrosis. We report a 16-year-old girl, with unilateral renal agenesis, herniating ovary, and renal cell carcinoma in her solitary kidney, associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome-the first case in the literature to our knowledge.

  5. Displacement of the Spleen Mimicking Renal Cell Cancer Recurrence Post-Nephrectomy: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Emanuels, Carolina S.; Timmerman, Krista D.; Aijaz, Tabish; Nguyen, Thu-Cuc; Jest, Nathaniel; Drane, Walter E.; Gilbert, Scott M.; Crispen, Paul L.; Su, Li-Ming; Deitte, Lori A.

    2015-01-01

    Local regional recurrence of renal cell cancer post-nephrectomy most often occurs within three years after surgery. Post-nephrectomy, many processes may mimic RCC recurrence. We present the case of a 75 year-old Caucasian male patient with a mass in his renal fossa post-nephrectomy for renal cell cancer, suggesting local recurrence. Use of the technetium-99m sulfur colloid scan showed that the mass was his spleen which had been displaced into the renal fossa. With high index of suspicion, characterization of these processes as splenic in origin would prevent subjecting patients to risks of biopsy or even surgery.

  6. AA amyloidosis in the renal allograft: a report of two cases and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Rojas, Rebecca; Josephson, Michelle A.; Chang, Anthony; Meehan, Shane M.

    2012-01-01

    AA amyloidosis is a disorder characterized by the abnormal formation, accumulation and systemic deposition of fibrillary material that frequently involves the kidney. Recurrent AA amyloidosis in the renal allograft has been documented in patients with tuberculosis, familial Mediterranean fever, ankylosing spondylitis, chronic pyelonephritis and rheumatoid arthritis. De novo AA amyloidosis is rarely described. We report two cases of AA amyloidosis in the renal allograft. Our first case is a 47-year-old male with a history of ankylosing spondylitis who developed end-stage renal disease reportedly from tubulointerstitial nephritis from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent use. A biopsy was never performed. One year after transplantation, AA amyloidosis was identified in the femoral head and 8 years post-transplantation, AA amyloidosis was identified in the renal allograft. He was treated with colchicine and adalimumab and has stable renal function at 1 year-follow-up. Our second case is a 57-year-old male with a long history of intravenous drug use and hepatitis C infection who developed end-stage kidney disease due to AA amyloidosis. Our second patient's course was complicated by renal adenovirus, pulmonary aspergillosis and hepatitis C with AA amyloidosis subsequently being identified in the allograft 2.5 years post-transplantation. Renal allograft function remains stable 4-years post-transplantation. These reports describe clinical and pathologic features of two cases of AA amyloidosis presenting with proteinuria and focal involvement of the renal allograft. PMID:22833808

  7. CT angiography of renal arteriovenous fistulae: a report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Gawad, Ehab A; Housseini, Ahmed M; Cherry, Kenneth J; Bonatti, Hugo; Maged, Ismaeel M; Norton, Patrick T; Hagspiel, Klaus D

    2009-01-01

    Renal arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare abnormal communications between the arterial and venous circulations that can be congenital or acquired. We describe the multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) appearance of 2 cases of renal AVF, one with the cirsoid and one with the aneurysmal subtype, and the impact of these findings on therapeutic decision making and treatment follow-up.

  8. [Metastatic renal tumor from oral floor cancer: a case report].

    PubMed

    Ishibashi, Yusuke; Hatakeyama, Shingo; Okamoto, Teppei; Suzuki, Yuichiro; Kudo, Shigemasa; Yoneyama, Takahiro; Koie, Takuya; Kamimura, Noritaka; Sakaki, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Wataru; Kimura, Hiroto; Ohyama, Chikara

    2012-11-01

    A 61-year-old man with oral floor cancer (adenoid cystic carcinoma, T2N0M1) was treated with systemicc hemotherapy and radiation therapy at the department of dentistry and oral surgery in our hospital. He had three lung metastases and renal tumors detected by screening computed tomography. The oral floor cancer responded to the treatment to achieve partial response. However, lung and renal metastases did not respond to chemotherapy. Then, the patient was referred to our clinic to rule out the possibility of lung metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. Laparoscopic left nephrectomy was performed and pathological examination on the renal lesions revealed adenoid cystic carcinoma, which had identical histopathological features to the oral floor cancer. To our knowledge, this is the first report of metastatic renal tumor from oral floor cancer (adenoid cystic carcinoma).

  9. Prenatal diagnosis and follow-up of a case of branchio-oto-renal syndrome displays renal growth impairment after the second trimester.

    PubMed

    Bertucci, Emma; Mazza, Vincenzo; Lugli, Licia; Ferrari, Fabrizio; Stanghellini, Ilaria; Percesepe, Antonio

    2015-11-01

    Branchio-oto-renal syndrome combines branchial arch defects, hearing impairment and renal malformations or hypoplasia. Due to the high phenotypic variability, prenatal diagnosis has a limited prognostic value in mutation-positive cases. We report the first branchio-oto-renal syndrome molecular prenatal diagnosis and ultrasonographic follow-up, showing a normal renal growth until the 24th week of pregnancy, a growth deceleration during the third trimester and a renal volume recovery during the first months of life. © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  10. Renal dysplasia characterized by prominent cartilaginous metaplasia lesions in VACTERL association: A case report.

    PubMed

    Nakaya, Takeo; Hyuga, Taiju; Tanaka, Yukichi; Kawai, Shina; Nakai, Hideo; Niki, Toshiro; Tanaka, Akira

    2017-04-01

    Renal dysplasia is the most important cause of end-stage renal disease in children. The histopathological characteristic of dysplasia is primitive tubules with fibromuscular disorganization. Renal dysplasia often includes metaplastic cartilage. Metaplastic cartilage in renal dysplasia has been explained as occurring secondary to vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Additionally, renal dysplasia is observed in renal dysplasia-associated syndromes, which are combinations of multiple developmental malformations and include VACTERL association. We observed the following multiple developmental malformations in a 108-day-old male infant during a nephrectomy: a nonfunctioning right kidney with VUR, hemidiaphragmatic eventration, a ventricular septal defect (VSD) with tetralogy of Fallot in the heart, cryptorchidism, and hyperdactylia. These developmental anomalies satisfied the diagnostic criteria for VACTERL association. A surgical specimen of the right nonfunctioning kidney revealed prominent cartilaginous metaplasia in the renal dysplasia with VUR. The densities of the ectopic cartilaginous lesions in this nonfunctioning kidney were extraordinarily high compared with other renal dysplasia cases. Giemsa banding of his genome produced normal results. The patient has not undergone further detailed genomic investigation. This case might be a novel type of VACTERL association, that is, renal dysplasia combined with prominent cartilaginous metaplasia, tetralogy of Fallot and VSD of the heart, hemidiaphragmatic eventration, and hyperdactylia.

  11. Cryptococcosis after renal transplantation: Report of ten cases

    PubMed Central

    Schröter, Gerhard P. J.; Temple, Donald R.; Husberg, Bo S.; Weil, Richard; Starzl, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    Ten cases of cryptococcosis have been identified in a 13 year experience with more than 650 renal transplants. Eight patients had meningitis, one patient had a cerebral granuloma, and in one patient the infection appeared to be limited to the lungs. The central nervous system infection often masqueraded as brain tumor and was not suspected initially. The most useful diagnostic test was cerebrospinal fluid examination including India ink preparation. Various therapeutic regimens with amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine were effective in suppressing the infection. A combination of low doses of amphotericin B, not affecting kidney function, with 5-fluorocytosine for at least 3 months was associated with remission of disease in five patients who still are alive, including three patients without recurrence for longer than one year. Five deaths 3 weeks to 4 years after the beginning of treatment were not due to cryptococcosis; death resulted from vascular disease and septicemia in three of the four patients with known causes of death. Central nervous system cryptococcosis, with the exception of the rare cerebral granuloma, is associated with little inflammation. If early death from increased intracranial pressure or cerebral edema is prevented, prolonged therapy with amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine may be expected to control the infection, even in immunosuppressed patients. PMID:769213

  12. Post renal transplant type 2 diabetes mellitus in a case of familial juvenile nephrophthisis.

    PubMed

    Balgradean, Mihaela; Cinteza, Eliza; Ferechide, Dumitru

    2013-03-01

    Familial juvenile nephronophtisis, an autosomal recessive tubulointerstitial chronic nephritis, is characterized by progressive renal disease and end stage renal failure, which require kidney transplantation. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) incidence after kidney transplantation varies from 4-25%. Obesity, positive oral glucose tolerance test, metabolic syndromes, and post-transplantation multi-drug, high dose, long-term immunosuppressive therapy are the risk factors incriminated.We present the case of a 15-year-old overweight boy who was diagnosed with familial juvenile nephronophtisis five years before, afterwards progressive renal disease and end stage renal failure. This young patient developed PTDM three years after renal transplantation. His underweight brother, with the same medical history, did not develop PTDM.Transplantation was mandatory for a child with familial juvenile nephronophtisis.The case illustrates the risk factors for PTDM.

  13. Enamel renal syndrome with associated amelogenesis imperfecta, nephrolithiasis, and hypocitraturia: A case report.

    PubMed

    Bhesania, Dhvani; Arora, Ankit; Kapoor, Sonali

    2015-09-01

    Numerous cases of enamel renal syndrome have been previously reported. Various terms, such as enamel renal syndrome, amelogenesis imperfecta and gingival fibromatosis syndrome, and enamel-renal-gingival syndrome, have been used for patients presenting with the dental phenotype characteristic of this condition, nephrocalcinosis or nephrolithiasis, and gingival findings. This report describes a case of amelogenesis imperfecta of the enamel agenesis variety with nephrolithiasis in a 21-year-old male patient who complained of small teeth. The imaging modalities employed were conventional radiography, cone-beam computed tomography, and renal sonography. Such cases are first encountered by dentists, as other organ or metabolic diseases are generally hidden. Hence, cases of amelogenesis imperfecta should be subjected to advanced diagnostic modalities, incorporating both dental and medical criteria, in order to facilitate comprehensive long-term management.

  14. Two Cases of Hypophosphatemia with Increased Renal Phosphate Excretion in Legionella Pneumonia

    PubMed Central

    Watanabe, Shuhei; Kono, Keiji; Fujii, Hideki; Nakai, Kentaro; Goto, Shunsuke; Nishi, Shinichi

    2016-01-01

    We encountered 2 cases of hypophosphatemia due to Legionella pneumonia. Both cases showed increased urinary phosphate excretion and renal tubular dysfunction, which ameliorated with recovery from Legionella pneumonia. Serum fibroblast growth factor-23 level was suppressed, whereas serum 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D and parathyroid hormone levels were normal. Delayed elevation of serum 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D levels was observed with improvement in renal tubular function. These findings suggested hypophosphatemia might be mediated by renal tubular dysfunction. PMID:27066493

  15. Primary renal angiosarcoma with progressive clinical course despite surgical and adjuvant treatment: A case report

    PubMed Central

    CELEBI, FILIZ; PILANCI, KEZBAN NUR; SAGLAM, SEZER; BALCI, NUMAN CEM

    2015-01-01

    Angiosarcoma is an extremely rare, high-grade malignancy, which accounts for <2% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Cases of primary renal angiosarcoma represent 1% of these. Angiosarcomas involving the kidney usually originate from metastatic skin lesions or primary visceral lesions and most often occur in the sixth and seventh decades of life. The present study describes a case of primary renal angiosarcoma that presented as a large right-sided renal mass with symptoms of flank pain. Despite surgical removal of the tumor, recurrent disease with associated lung metastases was identified at the surgical site following adjuvant chemotherapy. The patient succumbed to the disease 13 months after the diagnosis. PMID:25789072

  16. False positive I-131 MIBG due to dilated renal pelvis: a case report

    SciTech Connect

    Bahar, R.H.; Mahmoud, S.; Ibrahim, A.; al-Gazzar, A.H.

    1988-12-01

    A case of false positive I-131 MIBG imaging for detection of pheochromocytoma is presented. There was an area of increased tracer uptake in the left renal region that showed steadily reducing activity over a period of three days. This raised the suspicion of a dilated renal pelvis, which was later confirmed by Tc-99m DTPA imaging. It is advisable in cases of ambiguous I-131 MIBG imaging to use Tc-99m DTPA rather than Tc-99m DMSA for localizing the kidneys and renal pelvis.

  17. A case of renal cell carcinoma with an extensive inferior vena cava thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Alfreijat, Majd

    2016-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most prevalent primary renal malignant neoplasm in adults. Most of the cases are usually found incidentally. It is commonly associated with venous thrombosis. We demonstrate a case of a RCC which was associated with an extensive thrombus that reached the upper part of the inferior vena cava (IVC). We also perform a brief literature review about the association between RCC and IVC thrombosis. PMID:27802848

  18. A Rare Renal Epithelial Tumor: Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Tepeler, Abdulkadir; Erdem, Mehmet Remzi; Kurt, Omer; Topaktas, Ramazan; Kilicaslan, Isin; Armağan, Abdullah; Önol, Şinasi Yavuz

    2011-01-01

    Primary renal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a very rare lesion of kidney which originates from the metaplasia of the renal pelvic uroepithelium. Only one case with primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma has been reported in the English literature. We report second case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma which was radiologically classified as type-IIF Bosniak cyst in peripheral localization. We aimed to present this extreme and unusual entity with its radiological, surgical, and pathologic aspects under the light of literature. PMID:22110514

  19. A rare case of renal hydatidosis in a child with congenital solitary kidney.

    PubMed

    Tirnea, Livius; Minciu, Radu; Olariu, Tudor Rares; Dumitrascu, Victor; Neghina, Adriana Maria; Neghina, Raul

    2014-08-01

    Hydatid cyst of a solitary congenital kidney is a rare entity because of the small percentage of cases with renal hydatidosis and the reduced number of cases with this renal anomaly. We report a case presenting this extremely rare combination and having a favorable outcome. The diagnosis was confirmed based on an association of imagistic techniques and positive serology. The case was managed using a minimal invasive surgical technique (PAIR) that reduced the operative risks. Additionally, an antihelminthic agent (albendazole) was administered. To our knowledge, this is the first case with such comorbidity and treated through percutaneous approach.

  20. Cryptococcosis in HIV-negative Patients with Renal Dialysis: A Retrospective Analysis of Pooled Cases.

    PubMed

    Hong, Nan; Chen, Min; Fang, Wenjie; Al-Hatmi, Abdullah M S; Boekhout, Teun; Xu, Jianping; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Jia; Pan, Weihua; Liao, Wanqing

    2017-06-30

    Cryptococcosis is a lethal fungal infection mainly caused by Cryptococcus neoformans/C. gattii species. Currently, our understanding of cryptococcosis episodes in HIV-negative patients during renal dialysis remains scarce and fragmented. Here, we performed an analysis of pooled cases to systemically summarize the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of cryptococcosis among HIV-negative patients with renal dialysis. Using pooled data from our hospital and studies identified in four medical databases, 18 cases were identified and analyzed. The median duration time of renal dialysis for peritoneal renal dialysis and hemodialysis cases was 8 months and 36 months, respectively. Several non-neoformans/gattii species were identified among the renal dialysis recipients with cryptococcosis, particularly Cryptococcus laurentii and Cryptococcus albidus, which share similar clinical manifestations as those caused by C. neoformans and C. gattii. Our analyses suggest that physicians should consider the possibility of the occurrence of cryptococcosis among renal dialysis recipients even when cryptococcal antigen test result is negative. The timely removal of the catheter is crucial for peritoneal dialysis patients with cryptococcosis. In addition, there is a need for optimized antifungal treatment strategy in renal dialysis recipients with cryptococcal infections.

  1. Oral Manifestations in a Renal Osteodystrophy Patient - A Case Report with Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Nisha V, Aarthi; GS, Asokan; CA, Prakash; MM, Varadharaja

    2014-01-01

    Renal Osteodystrophy (ROD) is a common complication of chronic renal disease (CRD) and is the part of a broad spectrum of disorders of mineral metabolism that occurs in the clinical setting. It occurs early in the course of chronic renal failure and progresses as the kidney function deteriorates. It is an osseous alteration believed to arise from increased parathyroid function associated with inappropriate calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D metabolism. Involvement of the jaws is common and radiographic alterations are often one of the earliest signs of chronic renal failure. Herein, reporting a case of Chronic Renal Failure (Bilateral Grade I Neuropathy) with ROD presenting oral manifestations in an 11-year -old male child. PMID:25302278

  2. Bilateral Vascular Variations at the Renal Hilum: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Naveen; Aithal, Ashwini P.; Guru, Anitha; Nayak, Satheesha B.

    2012-01-01

    Imaging technology with its advancement in the field of urology is the boon for the patients who require minimally invasive approaches for various kidney disorders. These approaches require a precise knowledge of the normal and variant anatomy of vascular structures at the hilum of the kidney in terms of their pattern of arrangement and division. The present paper describes a bilateral anomalous arrangement of the structures at the renal hilum as well as their peculiar branching pattern which is of clinical and surgical relevance. Multiple branching of the renal vessels was observed in both kidneys due to which the hila were congested. The right renal artery immediately after its origin divided into 2 branches. The upper branch represented an aberrant artery whereas the lower branch gave 5 divisions. The left renal artery also divided into 2 branches much before the hilum as anterior and posterior divisions. The anterior branch took an arched course and gave 6 branches. The posterior branch gave 3 terminal branches before entering the renal substance. In addition to anomalous hilar structures, normal architecture of both kidneys was altered and the hilum of the left kidney was found on its anterior surface. PMID:23346454

  3. Renal arteriovenous fistula simulating hydronephrosis: A case report.

    PubMed

    Lusenti, T; Fiorini, F; Barozzi, L

    2011-12-01

    Sommario INTRODUZIONE: Tra le fistole arterovenose (FAV) acquisite vi sono quelle che si formano quale complicanza dell’esecuzione di una biopsia renale. CASO CLINICO: Gli autori riportano il caso di una paziente giunta in ambulatorio di ecografia nefrologica per l’esecuzione di un’ecografia dei reni e delle vie urinarie per un’ipertensione sistolica di I grado di recente insorgenza. Negli esami di laboratorio era presente microematuria con proteinuria <0.5 g/24 ore. La funzionalità renale risultava ai limiti inferiori della norma (FG 58 mL/min secondo la formula MDRD). L’esame ecografico evidenziava una formazione anecogena “arboriforme” centropielica a livello del rene sinistro suggestiva per idronefrosi. Il color Doppler mostrava viceversa presenza di flusso turbolento all’interno dell’area anecogena stessa, con flusso arterioso elevato e arterializzazione del flusso venoso all’analisi spettrale. La successiva angiografia renale selettiva confermava il sospetto ecografico di FAV mediorenale sinistra con pseudoaneurisma, conseguente ad una biopsia renale effettuata più di 10 anni prima presso altro Centro. Essendo la paziente in pieno benessere veniva consigliato un più stretto follow-up clinico-ecografico. DISCUSSIONE: Tra le malformazioni vascolari renali di non rara osservazione sono le FAV. Il caso descritto ribadisce l’importanza dell’impiego dell’eco color Doppler (ECD) nel sospetto di uropatia ostruttiva, per diagnosticare una FAV, specialmente nei pazienti già sottoposti a biopsia renale.

  4. [Case of primary renal carcinoid tumor with hemorrhage].

    PubMed

    Kubota, Yasuaki; Seike, Kensaku; Maeda, Shinichi; Tashiro, Kazuhiro

    2010-04-01

    Carcinoid tumors are low-grade malignant tumors that arise from neuroendocrine cells. Primary renal carcinoid tumors are extremely uncommon. A 63-year-old woman presented with a right abdominal mass and fever. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a mass in the right kidney; the mass measured 120 mm in diameter and showed hemorrhage. The patient underwent an uneventful right radical nephrectomy, and histological appearance was typical of carcinoid tumor. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated strong cytoplasmic labeling for neuron-specific enolase and synaptophysin. Additional examinations of the gastrointestinal tract did not show any evidence of carcinoid tumors. The patient remains free from disease recurrence at 8 months after the operation. The prognosis for primary renal carcinoid tumor is relatively optimistic. Complete surgical excision is the only recommended treatment for localized renal carcinoid tumor.

  5. Renal involvement in hypocomplementaemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome: a report of three paediatric cases.

    PubMed

    Pasini, Andrea; Bracaglia, Claudia; Aceti, Arianna; Vivarelli, Marina; Lavacchini, Alessandra; Miniaci, Angela; De Benedetti, Fabrizio; Montini, Giovanni

    2014-08-01

    To describe the diagnosis and management of renal disease in three paediatric cases of hypocomplementaemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS). Three children who were diagnosed with HUVS and developed abnormalities of renal function during the disease course are described. Urinary findings were heterogeneous: all the patients developed persistent microhaematuria, which was isolated in patient 1, associated with mild proteinuria in patient 2 and with nephrotic syndrome in patient 3. Renal biopsies were performed in all the patients: patients 1 and 2, who had normal levels of serum autoantibodies, shared a full-house IF (C3, C1q and Ig deposits), compatible with an SLE-like disease; patient 3 showed negative staining for IgG and IgM, but developed positive anti-dsDNA without fulfilling criteria for the diagnosis of SLE. Renal involvement in HUVS is probably more frequent and more severe than in adults and may appear later. Isolated microhaematuria can be the only sign of subclinical renal involvement: its role should not be underestimated and a renal biopsy should be considered. Previous observations of rapidly progressive nephritis and consequent end-stage renal disease in children suggest the need for prompt diagnosis and treatment of renal involvement. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. A Case of Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome Leading to the Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease

    PubMed Central

    Sabani, Erasmia; Kouloukourgiotou, Theodora; Stylianou, Konstantinos; Pantzaki, Afroditi; Efstratiadis, Georgios

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a 51-year-old Caucasian man referred at our department due to acute renal failure (ARF) complicating respiratory failure during hospitalization in a regional hospital. The patient was previously started on steroids due to the suspicion of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) in the context of Goodpasture syndrome. However, clinical and laboratory findings did not support this diagnosis; instead a careful evaluation limited differential diagnosis of the renal insult to acute tubular necrosis or acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) following respiratory infection. With lung function fully improved but renal function not recovering, a renal biopsy revealed AIN, a finding leading to further diagnostic testing and finally to the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease as a cause of this patient's pulmonary-renal syndrome. The management consisted of progressive tapering of oral steroids associated with full recovery of the patient's renal function. This is a rare case of Legionnaires' disease causing immune-mediated AIN and highlights the possibility of Legionella infection as a cause of pulmonary-renal syndrome. PMID:27999694

  7. A Case of Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome Leading to the Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease.

    PubMed

    Sabani, Erasmia; Sarafidis, Pantelis A; Lazaridis, Antonios; Kouloukourgiotou, Theodora; Stylianou, Konstantinos; Pantzaki, Afroditi; Papagianni, Aikaterini; Efstratiadis, Georgios

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a 51-year-old Caucasian man referred at our department due to acute renal failure (ARF) complicating respiratory failure during hospitalization in a regional hospital. The patient was previously started on steroids due to the suspicion of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) in the context of Goodpasture syndrome. However, clinical and laboratory findings did not support this diagnosis; instead a careful evaluation limited differential diagnosis of the renal insult to acute tubular necrosis or acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) following respiratory infection. With lung function fully improved but renal function not recovering, a renal biopsy revealed AIN, a finding leading to further diagnostic testing and finally to the diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease as a cause of this patient's pulmonary-renal syndrome. The management consisted of progressive tapering of oral steroids associated with full recovery of the patient's renal function. This is a rare case of Legionnaires' disease causing immune-mediated AIN and highlights the possibility of Legionella infection as a cause of pulmonary-renal syndrome.

  8. A Case of Progressive Tubulo-Interstitial Nephritis due to Culture-negative Renal Tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    El-Reshaid, K A; Madda, J P; Al-Saleh, M A

    2001-01-01

    This report describes a woman with progressive renal failure without proteinuria, urinary obstruction or overt systemic disease. The progressive renal disease without pelvicalyceal deformities in the left kidney was not consistent with the vesicoureteric reflux nephropathy. A needle biopsy of the left kidney showed interstitial caseating granulomata. The patient did not have clinical, radiological or urine culture evidence of renal tuberculosis. She improved after treatment with antituberculous therapy. This case report demonstrates the value of kidney biopsy in establishing the diagnosis of such common and treatable disease even if clinically silent and urine culture negative.

  9. [Primary adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis in a young male: a case report].

    PubMed

    Megumi, Y; Ohmori, K; Nishimura, K

    1998-11-01

    The patient was a 16-year-old male who visited our hospital with the chief complaint of microhematuria. Computed tomography revealed left hydronephrosis, renal stones and left renal tumor. Needle biopsy was performed under ultrasonography. The histological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma and left radical nephrectomy was performed. The histological diagnosis was mucinous adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis. Postoperative chemotherapy was not given. The patient has had neither recurrence nor metastasis for 1 year following surgery. This is the 92nd reported case in the literature.

  10. Hyaline Vascular Castleman Disease Involving Renal Parenchyma and a Lymph Node: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Ji Hyun; Shin, Mi Kyung; Lee, Yong Seong; Lee, Young-Goo; Ko, Young Hyeh

    2012-01-01

    Castleman disease is a rare lymphoproliferative lesion that is predominantly found in the mediastinum. Retroperitoneal and pararenal localizations are very rare. We describe a 36-year-old man with a hyaline vascular type of Castleman disease involving renal parenchyma and a paraaortic lymph node. Most reported renal Castleman disease was plasma cell type with systemic symptoms. Herein, we report the first Korean case of the hyaline vascular type of Castleman disease involving the renal parenchyma and the paraaortic lymph node simultaneously. PMID:23109983

  11. A case of renal failure developing in association with African mango consumption

    PubMed Central

    Özkan, Gülsüm; Ulusoy, Şükrü

    2015-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease continues to represent a significant health problem in all societies. One of the main factors accelerating renal progression is nephrotoxins. The African mango is a plant added to many foods and commonly consumed in West Africa. No toxic effect has to date been shown. Our aim was to discuss the 42-year-old patient who became dialysis-dependent through developing rapid renal progression following 2.5-month African mango use. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case of chronic renal insufficiency developing in association with African mango consumption. PMID:26131261

  12. A case of renal failure developing in association with African mango consumption.

    PubMed

    Özkan, Gülsüm; Ulusoy, Şükrü

    2015-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease continues to represent a significant health problem in all societies. One of the main factors accelerating renal progression is nephrotoxins. The African mango is a plant added to many foods and commonly consumed in West Africa. No toxic effect has to date been shown. Our aim was to discuss the 42-year-old patient who became dialysis-dependent through developing rapid renal progression following 2.5-month African mango use. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case of chronic renal insufficiency developing in association with African mango consumption.

  13. [Pathological and clinical correlations in renal AA amyloidosis: A Moroccan series of 30 cases].

    PubMed

    Bziz, Asmae; Rouas, Lamia; Lamalmi, Najat; Malihy, Abderrahmane; Cherradi, Nadia; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia; Flayou, Kaoutar; Chala, Sanae; Bouclouze, Aziz; Benomar, Ali; Abouqal, Redouan; Alhamany, Zaitouna

    2015-12-01

    Study of histological and clinical correlations of 30 cases of renal amyloidosis AA diagnosed between November 2010 and December 2012. The main causes associated with amyloidosis AA were represented by chronic infectious diseases (60%). Nephrotic syndrome and renal failure were observed in 94% and 73% respectively. The distribution of amyloid deposits: 90% of patients had a glomerular form and 10% had a vascular form. Inflammatory reaction associated with AA renal amyloidosis was present in 50% of cases. This inflammation was observed near amyloid deposits associated with a deposition of immunoglobulin chains and/or complement factors. Our study confirms the predominance of AA amyloidosis complicating chronic infectious diseases, especially tuberculosis. Our data point out a relationship between the morphology of renal AA amyloidosis, its clinical presentation and prognosis. Copyright © 2015 Association Société de néphrologie. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  14. Management of ureteral obstruction in crossed fused renal ectopia: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Bhojwani, Nicholas; Hartman, Jason Brett; Ahmed, Manzoor; Morgan, Robert; Davidson, Jon C.

    2014-01-01

    Crossed fused renal ectopia is a rare congenital malformation. We describe a case in which a 58-year-old male with left-sided crossed fused renal ectopia presented with urinary bladder outlet obstruction due to metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 13 mL/min, creatinine 4 mg/dL, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 58 mg/dL. The patient underwent successful image-guided placement of percutaneous nephrostomy tubes which were later converted to nephroureteral stents. Labs improved to a GFR of 28 mL/min, creatinine of 2.4 mg/dL, and BUN of 41 mg/dL. In this case standard image-guided renal decompression techniques were effective in treating a patient with crossed fused renal ectopia. PMID:25408820

  15. An unusual origin of supernumerary renal arteries: case report.

    PubMed

    Asala, S A; Masumbuko-Kahamba, N; Bidmos, M A

    2001-12-01

    Patent left and right supernumerary inferior polar renal arteries were found in a dissection room cadaver. Both arteries originated from the left common iliac artery. This is an unusual form of origin of these arteries in the presence of an apparently normal ascent and position of the two kidneys.

  16. An atypical case of dermatomyositis associated with chromophobe renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    George, Michael David; Lahouti, Arash H; Christopher-Stine, Lisa

    2016-01-19

    Dermatomyositis and polymyositis are the major idiopathic inflammatory myopathies in adults. They are associated with an elevated risk of malignancy. However, renal tumours have rarely been described in dermatomyositis patients. We report the case of a 27-year-old Caucasian man with chromophobe renal cell cancer (ChRCC) and antinuclear matrix protein (NXP-2)-associated dermatomyositis. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previous reports of ChRCC presenting with dermatomyositis. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  17. Postpyelolithotomy Renal Artery Pseudoaneurysm Management with Percutaneous Thrombin Injection: A Case Report

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, Vivek Galwa, Ramprakash; Khandelwal, N.; Bapuraj, J. R.

    2008-03-15

    Renal artery pseudoaneurysm leading to life-threatening hematuria can occur after a surgical procedure such as pyelolithotomy, albeit rarely. With recent advances in transarterial embolization techniques, this minimally invasive procedure has become the treatment of choice, replacing surgery. We present a case of massive hematuria due to renal artery pseudoaneurysm developing after pyelolithotomy that was managed with percutaneus thrombin injection directly into the pseudoaneurysm.

  18. Tc-99m glucoheptonate scintigraphy in a case of renal vein thrombosis

    SciTech Connect

    Sfakianakis, G.N.; Zilleruelo, G.; Thompson, T.; Al-Sheikh, W.; Strauss, J.

    1985-02-01

    Tc-99m glucoheptonate flow and static studies with computer-assisted analysis provided specific diagnostic information in unilateral renal vein thrombosis complicating a case of nephrotic syndrome. Decreased flow with congestion, a large kidney with parenchymal thickening, pelvocalyceal thinning, good function, and no obstruction in the proper clinical settings indicated the diagnosis of a chronic form of renal vein thrombosis with compensating collateralization. The differential diagnosis is discussed.

  19. A rare case of emphysematous pyelonephritis in a renal transplant patient

    PubMed Central

    Narcisse, Dennis; Agarwal, Manyoo; Hancock, Michael; Wells, Daniel; Sands, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare life-threatening complication of a properly functioning renal allograft leading to potential graft loss and hemodialysis. Currently, no clear management guidelines exist in these clinically challenging immunosuppressed renal transplant recipients. We report a case of a 62-year-old woman who presented with class 4 EPN and was managed with intravenous antibiotics and nephrectomy at our medical center. PMID:28386406

  20. Vascular complication in live related renal transplant: An experience of 1945 cases

    PubMed Central

    Srivastava, Aneesh; Kumar, Jatinder; Sharma, Sandeep; Abhishek; Ansari, M S; Kapoor, Rakesh

    2013-01-01

    Introduction and Objective: Among the surgical complications in renal transplantation, the vascular complications are probably most dreaded, dramatic, and likely to cause sudden loss of renal allograft. We present our experience and analysis of the outcome of such complications in a series of 1945 live related renal transplants. Materials and Methods: One thousand nine hundred and forty five consecutive live related renal transplants were evaluated retrospectively for vascular complications. Complications were recorded and analyzed for frequency, time of presentation, clinical presentation, and their management. Results: The age of patients ranged from 6 to 56 years (mean = 42). Vascular complications were found in 25 patients (1.29%). Most common among these was transplant renal artery stenosis found in 11 (0.58%), followed by transplant reznal artery thrombosis in 9 (0.46%), renal vein thrombosis in 3 (0.15%), and aneurysm formation at arterial anastmosis in 2 (0.10%) patient. The time of presentation also varied amongst complications. All cases of arterial thrombosis had sudden onset anuria with minimal or no abdominal discomfort, while venous thrombosis presented as severe oliguria associated with intense graft site pain and tenderness. Management of cases with vascular thrombosis was done by immediate surgical exploration. Two patients of renal artery stenosis were managed with angioplasty and stent placement. Conclusions: Major vascular complications are relatively uncommon after renal transplantation but still constitute an important cause of graft loss in early postoperative period. Aneurysm and vessel thrombosis usually require graft nephrectomy. Transplant renal artery stenosis is amenable to correction by endovascular techniques. PMID:23671364

  1. An exceptional case of renal artery restenosis in a patient with polycythaemia vera.

    PubMed

    Gavriilaki, Eleni; Sampanis, Nikolaos; Kavlakoudis, Christos; Papaioannou, George; Vasileiou, Sotirios

    2014-12-01

    Polycythaemia vera represents a rare chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by an increased thrombotic risk. Previous case reports have documented a link between primary or secondary polycythemia and the presence of renal artery stenosis and renovascular hypertension. Herein, we report an exceptional case of renal artery restenosis leading to uncontrolled hypertension in a patient with PV and high haematocrit levels. A 52-year-old female patient with a history of polycythaemia vera under treatment with hydroxyurea and phlebotomy presented in our outpatient clinic with newly diagnosed hypertension caused by left renal artery stenosis. Six months after stenting, patient returned for a follow-up visit due to uncontrolled hypertension and high haematocrit levels. Total restenosis of the left renal artery was found. Patient received optical medical treatment and was prescribed to higher doses of hydroxyurea by her treating haematologist. Since then, blood pressure and Hct levels remain adequately controlled. As described by earlier case reports, renal artery stenosis, hypertension and polycythemia often coexist. However, renovascular hypertension may not only lead to secondary erythrocytosis but also be a thrombotic complication of primary erythrocytosis. Thus, patients with polycythaemia vera should be carefully evaluated and optimally managed when hypertension or impaired renal function coexist.

  2. Multiple bilateral oncocytomas of the native kidneys following renal transplantation: report of a rare case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Vernadakis, Spyridon; Karaolanis, George; Moris, Demetrios; Zavvos, Vasileios; Liapis, George; Zavos, George

    2013-05-30

    Renal oncocytomas are benign tumors of the kidneys, which are usually diagnosed postoperatively, due to differential diagnostic problems, from a sample of a renal cell carcinoma. The development of a renal oncocytoma in the native kidneys following renal transplantation is a very rare condition and only a few cases have been published in the world literature. In this case report we present a unique case of bilateral multifocal renal oncocytomas of the native kidneys in a female transplant recipient 6 years after renal transplantation. The patient's postoperative clinical course was uneventful and no local recurrence or distant metastasis has been found so far. The pathology, clinical characteristics, and treatment of renal oncocytomas are also reviewed.

  3. Renal Neoplasms With Overlapping Features of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma and Clear Cell Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Clinicopathologic Study of 37 Cases From a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Dhakal, Hari P; McKenney, Jesse K; Khor, Li Yan; Reynolds, Jordan P; Magi-Galluzzi, Cristina; Przybycin, Christopher G

    2016-02-01

    Clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (CCPRCC) was recently included in the International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver Classification of Renal Neoplasia as a subtype of RCC that is morphologically, immunohistochemically, and genetically distinct from both clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and papillary renal cell carcinoma. In our clinical practice we have observed tumors with overlapping histologic features of CCPRCC and CCRCC; therefore, our aim was to describe the morphologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical characteristics of these tumors. We examined a large series of consecutive nephrectomies diagnosed as CCRCC and found 37 tumors with morphologic overlap between CCRCC and CCPRCC, identifying 2 patterns. Pattern 1 tumors (N=19) had areas diagnosable as CCRCC admixed with foci having a prominent linear arrangement of nuclei away from the basement membrane imparting a resemblance to CCPRCC; however, other morphologic features commonly seen in CCPRCC (such as branching acini and cystic spaces with papillary tufts) were not typical and, when present, were focal or poorly developed. Pattern 2 (N=18) tumors had 2 discrete areas, one area with an appearance strongly resembling CCPRCC and the other with higher grade nuclei and features diagnosable as CCRCC, sometimes including rhabdoid differentiation, sarcomatoid differentiation, necrosis, and high-stage disease. Four (21%) of the pattern 1 tumors had grade 3 nuclei in the CCRCC-like areas, and 4 were high stage (pT3a). Of the 16 immunostained pattern 1 tumors, all expressed cytokeratin 7 (CK7) at least focally in the CCPRCC-like areas, strongly and diffusely in 9 (56%) cases; 12 (75%) showed negative to focal and/or weak CK7 expression in the CCRCC-like areas. CD10, α-methylacyl-CoA-racemase, high-molecular-weight cytokeratin, and carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) had no significant differential expression between these foci. No cup-like staining pattern was seen with CA IX. Two (11%) patients

  4. Renal function damage in 131 cases of urogenital tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Wisnia, L G; Kukolj, S; Lopez de Santa Maria, J; Camuzzi, F

    1978-05-01

    The functional sequelae of 131 patients with urogenital tuberculosis were examined. At the time of diagnosis, more than half of the patients already suffered from global renal failure which was moderate in 42.7 per cent and severe in 15.5 per cent. We believe that the primary functional damage occurs at the medullary level with tubular and interstitial involvement. Indeed, the red phenol test for postglomerular blood flow was altered in a higher proportion than was the creatinine clearance (67.9 per cent). The maximum concentrating ability was altered even more frequently (84 per cent). When we compared various glomerular filtration levels with the grade of alteration of the maximum ability concentration test, we also saw clearly that the alteration of the tubular interstitial medullar function dominated the alteration of the glomerular global function. This proves at a functional level the predominantly medullary localization of the lesion in renal tuberculosis.

  5. Two Cases of Acute Renal Infarction in the Setting of Atrial Fibrillation

    PubMed Central

    Yousuf, Tariq; Ziffra, Jeffrey; Iqbal, Hina; Said, Albara; Oyama, Joseph H.; Lerma, Edgar V.; Chadaga, Amar R.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Acute renal infarction (ARI) is an uncommon and often overlooked diagnosis in patients presenting with acute kidney injury and abdominal pain. Case Reports: We present 2 cases of ARI in the setting of atrial fibrillation along with a review of medical literature pertaining to ARI. Conclusion: This article should aid clinicians in the diagnosis of ARI. PMID:27660583

  6. [Unusual clinical presentations of tumours of the renal pelvis. Report of two cases ].

    PubMed

    Fekak, Hamid; Rabii, Redouane; Moufid, Kamal; Joual, Abdenri; Dahami, Zakaria; el Mrini, Mohammed

    2002-06-01

    Chronic irritation induced by stones and urinary stasis can be responsible for squamous and sometimes glandular metaplasia of the urothelial epithelium with secondary carcinomatous transformation. The authors report two cases of tumour of the renal pelvis associated with stone pyonephrosis in one case and ureteropelvic junction syndrome in the other.

  7. Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis with stones and inferior vena cava infiltration. Case report.

    PubMed

    Di Battista, L; Stio, F; Guarino, S; Galani, A; Maturo, A; Dimko, M; Mancini, M; Gallo, P

    2012-05-01

    We report a rare case of a 50 year old man with renal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who first came to our attention with renal colic and fever not responding to antibiotic or analgesic treatment. He had a long history of kidney stones, but had not undergone any imaging in the last 5 years. Physical examination revealed tenderness and a palpable mass in the right flank and lumbar region. A whole body CT scan was performed, revealing an 11 cm mass in the right kidney infiltrating the inferior vena cava. There were areas of calcification within the mass and multiple stones within the renal pelvis. The tumor was considered unsuitable for resection according to radiological and clinical criteria. The mass was biopsied percutaneously under CT guidance and histological examination revealed squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis. The patient was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and embolization of the renal artery. He died one month after diagnosis. To our knowledge this is the second reported case in the world of renal SCC infiltrating the inferior vena cava and with kidney stones.

  8. [Retroperitoneal laparoscopic treatment of parapelvic renal cysts: report of 5 cases].

    PubMed

    Rabii, Redouane; Mezzour, Mohamed Hicham; Essaki, Hicham; Aboutaieb, Rachid; El Moussaoui, Ali; Joual, Abdenbi; Meziane, Fathi

    2005-12-01

    Renal cysts of the sinuses or parapelvic cysts constitute a rare form of renal cyst, usually associated with low back pain. Symptomatic forms may be treated by percutaneous aspiration, but the treatment of these cysts has changed considerably over recent years due to the proximity of the renal hilum. Percutaneous treatment is now contraindicated due to its high complication rate, and open surgery is an invasive technique. Laparoscopy appears to be the most appropriate and most effective solution. The authors report five cases of parapelvic renal cysts all presenting with renal colic and diagnosed by ultrasound, and confirmed by CT in three cases. Treatment consisted of retroperitoneal laparoscopy using four trocars allowing cyst resection with no intraoperative complications or conversion. The mean operating time was 55 minutes (range: 40 to 70 minutes). The postoperative course was uneventful and all patients were discharged on postoperative D1 or D2. No recurrence was observed after a mean follow-up of 6 months (range: 3 to 15 months). Retroperitoneal laparoscopic treatment of parapelvic renal cysts is an effective approach, with a low morbidity and less postoperative pain, a short convalescence period and good cosmetic results.

  9. Pheochromocytoma with renal artery stenosis: A case-based review of literature.

    PubMed

    Kota, Sunil K; Kota, Siva K; Meher, Lalit K; Tripathy, Prabhas R; Sruti, Jammula; Modi, Kirtikumar D

    2012-01-01

    Pheochromocytomas have been described to be associated with rare vascular abnormalities, most common of them being renal artery stenosis. A 45-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of headache, sweating, anxiety, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and severe hypertension. Hypertension was confirmed to result from both excess catecholamine production and hyperreninemia of left kidney. The technical images (abdominal CT and renal arteriography) revealed the presence of a left adrenal pheochromocytoma and stenosis of the renal artery. Surgical removal of pheochromocytoma and correction of renal artery stenosis restored the postoperative plasma catecholamine, renin and blood pressure to normal. To our belief, this is the first such case report from India citing this rare association. We conclude that when the two diseases occur simultaneously, both must be diagnosed accurately and treated in a different manner. We also hereby review the existing literature.

  10. Giant idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula managed by coils and amplatzer device: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Nagpal, Prashant; Bathla, Girish; Saboo, Sachin S; Khandelwal, Ashish; Goyal, Abhishek; Rybicki, Frank J; Steigner, Michael L

    2016-01-01

    An idiopathic renal arteriovenous (AV) fistula is a rare malformation of the kidney that may present insidiously with heart failure or hematuria. The treatment may be challenging due to large fistula size that may limit endovascular management. The authors report a case of an 85-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with acute heart failure and was found to have a right renal AV fistula. Since she had no prior history of renal intervention or trauma, a diagnosis of idiopathic renal AV fistula was made. She was managed by endoluminal occlusion using multiple stainless steel coils and Amplatzer vascular plug II device. The follow-up computed tomography showed complete occlusion of the fistula. This report highlights the late presentation of this rare disease and presents the utility of the combination of coils and Amplatzer device for management of a large fistula. It also reiterates that even if large, these fistulas can be managed by endovascular occlusion. PMID:27900325

  11. A very rare case of intussusception of small bowel due to metastasis from renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Ekbote, Gajanan R; Rajpal, Lalit B; Makam, Shrikant D

    2014-01-01

    Bowel metastasis secondary to renal cell carcinoma causing intussusception is very rare condition. Here a case of a 52-year-old male, who presented with signs and symptoms of small bowel obstruction is reported. CT abdomen showed small bowel obstruction due to ileo-ileal intussusception and left renal mass. On exploratory laparotomy Ileo-ileal intussusception was present. FNAC taken from left kidney at same sitting. Histology of resected specimen reported metastatic nodule in small bowel of renal cell carcinoma. FNAC confirmed primary renal cell carcinoma of left kidney. Although abdominal CT scanning provides the most reliable indications, it is laparotomy, that establishes the diagnosis of intussusception, and the histological examination that determines the cause.

  12. [Extravasation into a renal sinus cyst due to ureteral calculus: a case report].

    PubMed

    Taue, R; Naroda, T; Tamura, M; Kanayama, H; Kagawa, S

    1999-07-01

    A 71-year-old man who had been treated conservatively for advanced prostate cancer with hormonal therapy presented with complaint of left flank pain. Intravenous urography demonstrated obstruction caused by a left upper ureteral calculus and leakage of contrast medium outside the renal pelvis and calyces. Left percutaneous nephrostomy was performed, and subsequent nephrostography showed extravasation into a parapelvic renal sinus cyst previously recognized on follow-up computed tomography (CT). The left ureteral calculus was treated with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), after which obstruction and extravasation disappeared. One month later, abdominal CT demonstrated no left renal nor ureteral calculi, as well as a reduction in the left renal sinus cyst. Urinary extravasation sometimes occurs as a complication of acute urinary obstruction. However, extravasation into a cyst is very rare. We have found only one case reported in the literature, so far.

  13. Primary Pleomorphic Undifferentiated Sarcoma—a Rare Renal Localization: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Mellas, Soufiane; Bouchikhi, Ahmed Amine; Tazi, Mohamed-Fadl; Khallouk, Abdelhak; Elammari, Jallal-Eddin; El Fassi, Mohamed-Jamal; Mellas, Naoufal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2012-01-01

    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma is known as a soft tissue sarcoma. Very few cases of this tumor originating from the renal parenchyma or renal capsule have been reported. We report a case of a 70-year-old patient admitted for enormous ureterohydronephrosis and pyelonephritis due to a pelvic ureter lithiasis. After draining by ureteral double J catheter, a nephroureterectomy was performed for nonfunctional kidney confirmed by scintigraphy. The histopathological study shows a pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma. The patient was sent to oncologists. Chemotherapy was proposed but the family decided to stop the treatment. The patient passed away 10 months later. Clinicians and pathologists should be aware of the very low occurrence of this renal tumor, which is extremely rare. Currently there is no consensus about its management. Our case extends the literature concerning this tumor. PMID:23213617

  14. Primary Pleomorphic Undifferentiated Sarcoma-a Rare Renal Localization: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Mellas, Soufiane; Bouchikhi, Ahmed Amine; Tazi, Mohamed-Fadl; Khallouk, Abdelhak; Elammari, Jallal-Eddin; El Fassi, Mohamed-Jamal; Mellas, Naoufal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2012-01-01

    Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma is known as a soft tissue sarcoma. Very few cases of this tumor originating from the renal parenchyma or renal capsule have been reported. We report a case of a 70-year-old patient admitted for enormous ureterohydronephrosis and pyelonephritis due to a pelvic ureter lithiasis. After draining by ureteral double J catheter, a nephroureterectomy was performed for nonfunctional kidney confirmed by scintigraphy. The histopathological study shows a pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma. The patient was sent to oncologists. Chemotherapy was proposed but the family decided to stop the treatment. The patient passed away 10 months later. Clinicians and pathologists should be aware of the very low occurrence of this renal tumor, which is extremely rare. Currently there is no consensus about its management. Our case extends the literature concerning this tumor.

  15. Incidence of and risk factors for diabetes mellitus in cats that have undergone renal transplantation: 187 cases (1986-2005).

    PubMed

    Case, Joseph B; Kyles, Andrew E; Nelson, Richard W; Aronson, Lillian; Kass, Philip H; Klose, Tyler C; Bailiff, Nathan L; Gregory, Clare R

    2007-03-15

    To compare incidence of diabetes mellitus in cats that had undergone renal transplantation with incidence in cats with chronic renal failure, compare mortality rates in cats that underwent renal transplantation and did or did not develop diabetes mellitus, and identify potential risk factors for development of posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in cats. Retrospective case series. 187 cats that underwent renal transplantation. Medical records were reviewed. 26 of the 187 (13.9%) cats developed PTDM, with the incidence of PTDM being 66 cases/1,000 cat years at risk. By contrast, the incidence of diabetes mellitus among a comparison population of 178 cats with chronic renal failure that did not undergo renal transplantation was 17.9 cases/1,000 cat years at risk, and cats that underwent renal trans-plantation were 5.45 times as likely to develop diabetes mellitus as were control cats with chronic renal failure. The mortality rate among cats with PTDM was 2.38 times the rate among cats that underwent renal transplantation but did not develop PTDM. Age, sex, body weight, and percentage change in body weight were not found to be significantly associated with development of PTDM. Results suggest that cats that undergo renal transplantation have an increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus, compared with cats with chronic renal failure, and that mortality rate is higher for cats that develop PTDM than for cats that do not.

  16. McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome: a rare case report of acute renal failure.

    PubMed

    Mois, Emil Ioan; Graur, Florin; Sechel, Roxana; Al-Hajjar, Nadim

    2016-01-01

    Giant tubular-villous adenoma of the rectum can determine secretory diarrhea, associated with a depleting syndrome of prerenal acute renal failure, hyponatremia, hypokalemia and hypoproteinemia. These symptoms are known as the McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome, and there are about 50 cases reported in literature. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with abdominal pain, prerenal azotemia, and electrolyte disturbances with a background of chronic diarrhea, caused by a giant rectal tumor. Conservative therapy initially improved and normalized renal function, and made surgical resection of the tumor possible.

  17. McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome: a rare case report of acute renal failure

    PubMed Central

    MOIS, EMIL IOAN; GRAUR, FLORIN; SECHEL, ROXANA; AL-HAJJAR, NADIM

    2016-01-01

    Giant tubular-villous adenoma of the rectum can determine secretory diarrhea, associated with a depleting syndrome of prerenal acute renal failure, hyponatremia, hypokalemia and hypoproteinemia. These symptoms are known as the McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome, and there are about 50 cases reported in literature. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with abdominal pain, prerenal azotemia, and electrolyte disturbances with a background of chronic diarrhea, caused by a giant rectal tumor. Conservative therapy initially improved and normalized renal function, and made surgical resection of the tumor possible. PMID:27152085

  18. Extensive emphysematous pyelonephritis in a renal allograft treated conservatively: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Alexander, S; Varughese, S; David, V G; Kodgire, S V; Mukha, R P; Kekre, N S; Tamilarasi, V; Jacob, C K; John, G T

    2012-12-01

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare occurrence in renal allografts. An aggressive approach resulting in transplant nephrectomy is viewed as the standard of care. Over the recent years, treatment with percutaneous drainage (PCD) of the renal and perinephric collections and appropriate antibiotics has been reported with good success in lesser grades of this infection. Only 4 cases of extensive EPN disease with Escherichia coli, treated with conservative management, are reported in the English-language literature. We present a case of severe EPN caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae, successfully managed with early PCD, and propose a step-up strategy aimed toward graft preservation.

  19. Coal tar creosote abuse by vapour inhalation presenting with renal impairment and neurotoxicity: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hiemstra, Thomas F; Bellamy, Christopher Oc; Hughes, Jeremy H

    2007-09-24

    A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following dialysis dependence occult inhalation continued, resulting in seizures, ataxia, cognitive impairment and marked generalised cerebral atrophy. We describe for the first time a case of creosote abuse by chronic vapour inhalation, resulting in significant morbidity. Use of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-containing wood preservative coal tar creosote is restricted by many countries due to concerns over environmental contamination and carcinogenicity. This case demonstrates additional toxicities not previously reported with coal tar creosote, and emphasizes the health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure.

  20. Three cases of hypertension and renal arteriovenous fistula with a de novo fistula.

    PubMed

    Melo, Natalia Correa Vieira; Mundim, Juliano Sacramento; Costalonga, Elerson Carlos; Lucon, Antonio Marmo; Santello, Jose Luiz; Praxedes, Jose Nery

    2009-05-01

    The Renal Arteriovenous Fistula (RAVF) is a rare and potentially reversible cause of hypertension and kidney and/or heart failure. The treatment of RAVF aims at preserving the most of the renal parenchyma and, concomitantly, eradicating the symptoms and hemodynamic effects caused by the RAVF. The present study reports three cases of RAVF, including one case of a de novo idiopathic RAVF, which presented with hypertension and kidney and/or heart failure and describes the therapeutic measures used to treat these patients as well as the outcomes.

  1. A case of exorbitism in association with Wegener's granulomatosis with renal involvement.

    PubMed

    Beji, S; Fatma, L Ben; Chebbi, A; Rais, L; Krid, M; Smaoui, W; Maiz, H Ben; Zouaghi, K; Moussa, F Ben

    2012-03-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis involving the nose, paranasal sinuses, lungs, and kidneys. Ocular involvement can occur in about 50% of cases. There are very few reports of WG with orbital inflammation and exorbitism. We report a case of a female patient who presented with exorbitism related to orbital inflammation secondary to WG, with renal involvement. A 29-year-old woman with a previous history of recurrent pan-sinusitis presented with bilateral exophthalmos and renal failure with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Computed tomography showed extensive bilateral soft tissue in the retro-orbital area. Immunologic tests showed the presence of type-C anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and renal biopsy revealed pauci immune crescentic glomerulonephritis. The patient was treated with corticosteroids and pulses of cyclophosphamide followed by azathioprine and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. After a follow-up of 10 months, the renal outcome was favorable with improvement of renal function but there was persistence of exorbitism and loss of visual function. Our case suggests that WG should be considered in the differential diagnosis of persistent bilateral exophthalmos. Prompt recognition of this early manifestation is important for the institution of early treatment.

  2. Partial Nephrectomy for a Massive Sporadic Renal Angiomyolipoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Klein, Molly; Murugan, Paari; Weight, Christopher J.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Angiomyolipomas are the most common benign tumor of the kidney, associated with Tuberous Sclerosis in 20% of cases and arising sporadically in 80% of cases. Renal angiomyolipomas are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin with varying proportions of vasculature, smooth muscle spindle cells, and adipocytes, making management of such neoplasms a challenging endeavor. Possible management options include partial or radical nephrectomy and segmental renal artery embolization. Case Presentation. A 61-year-old woman admitted for a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage was discovered to have a giant, sporadic, 3818.3 g, 30.0 × 26.5 × 18.0 cm left perinephric angiomyolipoma. Given her hemodynamic instability upon presentation, she underwent segmental arterial embolization, followed by an open left partial nephrectomy. Ten-month follow-up revealed no noticeable loss of renal function. Discussion. Literature review revealed occasional renal angiomyolipomas of comparable size, with all angiomyolipomas larger than this requiring treatment with radical nephrectomy. Conclusion. We show that nephron-sparing surgery may be considered in the treatment of even the largest of renal angiomyolipomas. PMID:28070443

  3. [Renal infiltrate by a plasmocytoïd chronic B lymphocytic leukaemia and renal failure: a rare occurrence in nephropathology. A case report and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Aymard, Bernadette; Beghoura, Rachid; Molina, Thierry Jo

    2011-11-01

    We report the case of a 55-year-old male with renal failure as the initial manifestation of interstitial and focal infiltration of the kidneys by a small B-cell lymphoma. Since three years, this patient had a history of CLL with plasmocytic differentiation and was left untreated owing to stade A Binet classification. After chemotherapy, the lymphocytosis and the adenopathies disappear and the renal function improve. Infiltration of the kidneys by non-Hodgkin small B-cell lymphoma, including chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), is usually asymptomatic, fortuitously discovered at the time of an X-ray examination or at autopsy. Association with renal failure is extremely rare. We review the reported cases of renal failure associated with lymphomatous infiltration (13 cases of CLL and five cases of lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma kappa or lambda IgM), with the following conclusions: in most cases, renal insufficiency appears in a few months and significantly disappears after chemotherapy; the renal infiltrate is usually focal in lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma and rather massive and diffuse in CLL; the neoplastic feature of a small B-cell lymphoïd infiltrate may be difficult to determine: a poorly limited, monomorphous, CD20+ CD5+ lymphoid infiltrate is lymphomatous. In case of plasmocytic differentiation, it must be looked for kappa or lambda monotypy; the type of the lymphomatous infiltrate according to the WHO 2008 classification may be difficult to determine in a small sampling of renal tissue: the renal infiltrate must be compared, if possible, with a lymph node infiltrate. Owing to its bad prognosis, mantle cell lymphoma must be distinguished from other small B-cell lymphoma like CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma and lymphoplasmocytic lymphoma.

  4. Acute renal failure as a form of presentation of sarcoidosis in a young adult: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease. Renal involvement is a rare initial presentation of this disease. Few articles on renal involvement as an initial presentation of sarcoidosis have been published in the literature. Case presentation A 26-year-old Caucasian woman presented with acute renal failure as an initial manifestation of sarcoidosis. Conclusions Renal involvement is an uncommon feature of sarcoidosis and it is essential to establish a fast and correct diagnosis because early therapy avoids progression to terminal renal failure. PMID:25124289

  5. Cystic retroperitoneal renal hilar ancient schwannoma: Report of a rare case with atypical presentation masquerading as simple cyst.

    PubMed

    Nayyar, Rishi; Khattar, Nikhil; Sood, Rajeev; Bhardwaj, Meenakshi

    2011-07-01

    Schwannoma is a benign soft tissue tumor of neural origin arising from the Schwann cells of the neural sheath. It has rarely been reported in renal or perirenal region. The preoperative diagnosis has mostly been confused with renal cell carcinoma in this location in most previous reports. We report a case that presented with a large "simple cystic" mass at the renal hilum. The preoperative differential diagnosis included hilar renal cortical cyst, renal sinus cyst, ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), or even a hydatid cyst. The final diagnosis was clinched only on histopathological examination.

  6. Expression of Von Hippel – Lindau (VHL) gene mutation in diagnosed cases of renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Shahzad, Humera; Kehar, Shahnaz Imdad; Ali, Shahzad; Tariq, Naila

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the expression of Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) gene in diagnosed cases of renal cell carcinoma. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in department of Pathology, Basic Medical Sciences Institute, JPMC, Karachi, from January 2007 to December 2012. Paraffin embedded blocks of 30 cases of radical nephrectomy specimens diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma including CCRCC 21 (70%) CCPRCC, 3 (10%), PRCC 2 (6.79%), hybrid tumor 4 (13.3%), chromophobe tumor (0%) processed for VHL gene expression on Polymerase Chain Reaction. Results: All the 30 cases previously diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma were processed on PCR, VHL gene mutations were seen in 20 (95.23%) of CCRCC while a single case was negative for VHL mutations. All CCPRCC were negative for VHL mutation. Among the hybrid tumor 03 cases with foci of clear cells show VHL mutation while a single case showing combination of clear cells and chromophobe cells was negative for mutation. Both the cases of PRCC were positive for mutation. Exon 3 mutation at base pair 194 seen in 8 (32%) cases and Exon 2 mutation at base pair 150-159 seen in 17 (68%) cases. None of the cases showed Exon 1 mutation. Conclusion: The present study shows that majority of CCRCC showed VHL mutation including the hybrid tumor with clear cell component in our population. PMID:25097537

  7. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with renal urothelial cancer: A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Isotani, Shuji; Horiuchi, Akira; Koja, Masayuki; Noguchi, Takahiro; Sugiura, Shouichiro; Shimoyama, Hirofumi; Noma, Yasuhiro; Kitamura, Kousuke; China, Toshiyuki; Tokiwa, Shino; Saito, Keisuke; Kimura, Masaki; Hisasue, Shin-ichi; Ide, Hisamitsu; Muto, Satoru; Yamaguchi, Raizo; Horie, Shigeo

    2015-07-28

    Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is hemolytic anemia characterized by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. AIHA can be induced by hematological neoplasms such as malignant lymphoma, but is rarely observed in the urological field. We report a case of renal urothelial cancer inducing Coombs-positive warm AIHA and severe thrombocytopenia that was responsive to nephroureterectomy. A 52-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of general weakness and dizziness. Hemoglobin level was 4.2 g/dL, and direct and indirect Coombs tests both yielded positive results. Abdominal computed tomography revealed huge left hydronephrosis due to a renal pelvic tumor measuring 4.0 x 4.0 x 3.0 cm, and renal regional lymph-node involvement was also observed and suspected as metastasis. Corticosteroid therapy was administered, and nephroureterectomy was performed. After surgical resection, the hemoglobin level gradually normalized, and direct and indirect Coombs tests yielded negative results. We thus diagnosed warm AIHA associated with renal urothelial cancer. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first report of AIHA associated with renal urothelial cancer and severe thrombocytopenia responsive to nephroureterectomy. Renal urothelial cancer needs to be included in the differential diagnoses for warm AIHA, and nephroureterectomy represents a treatment option for AIHA.

  8. Congenital solitary kidney with multiple renal arteries: case report using MDCT angiography.

    PubMed

    Matusz, Petru; Miclăuş, Graţian Dragoslav; Banciu, Christian Dragoş; Sas, Ioan; Joseph, Shamfa C; Pirtea, Laurenţiu Cornel; Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios

    2015-01-01

    A congenital solitary kidney with multiple renal arteries is a rare congenital abnormality that can occur in the presence of multiple other anomalies. We describe an atypical case of a right congenital solitary kidney with three renal arteries (RA) one main RA and two additional renal arteries in a 75-year-old woman with uterine didelphys. The main RA had an intraluminal diameter larger than the diameter of the additional renal arteries (AdRAs) at the origin (0.53 cm for the main RA; 0.49 cm and 0.32 cm for the two AdRAs). Both the AdRAs had a greater length than the main RA (3.51 cm for the main RA; 3.70 cm and 4.77 cm for the two AdRAs). The calculated volume of the kidney was 283 cm³, while the volume of the renal parenchyma was 258 cm³. Knowledge of this variant is extremely important in clinical practice as it has been found to be associated with proteinuria, hypertension and renal insufficiency.

  9. [Multiple primary neoplasms with renal neurilemmoma: a case report and literature review].

    PubMed

    Qiu, Min; Tian, Xiao-jun; Ma, Lu-lin; Lu, Min; Lu, Jian; Yan, Ye

    2015-08-18

    Multiple primary neoplasms are not common, those containing renal neurilemoma are even more rare. Our study involves the diagnosis and treatment of a female patient with multiple primary neoplasms with renal neurilemoma. She was previously diagnosed with left ovarian dermoid cyst, right posterior mediastinal neurilemmoma, left forearm neurilemmoma, and papillary thyroid carcinoma, underwent operation treatment. Physical examination reveals a left renal mass with a left adrenal tumor a month before, and underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic left adrenal nodule resection and left partial nephrectomy. Operation was successful, without conversions to open. Artery occlusion time was 18 min, and blood loss was 20 mL. Post operation pathologic result shows a left renal cellular leiomyoma neurilemmoma with focal cystic change, and tumor diameter was about 3 cm. Immunohistochemistry reports S-100 (+), Ki-67 (15%+), and short-term follow-up without recurrence. In our case of study, even though the tumors were heterochronism, they were both treated with surgical resection. Renal neurilemoma is benign. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is not only minimally invasive, fast in recovery, but most importantly preserves renal tissue to the largest extent. It can prevent preoperative pathological uncertainty, which often undergoes radical nephrectomy.

  10. Small bowel intussusception from renal cell carcinoma metastasis: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Bellio, Gabriele; Cipolat Mis, Tommaso; Kaso, Gladiola; Dattola, Roberto; Casagranda, Biagio; Bortul, Marina

    2016-08-11

    Renal cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignant neoplasia of the kidney accounting for 90 % of all renal solid tumors. Metastases from renal cell carcinoma are rarely located in the small bowel and generally their clinical presentation includes bleeding and obstruction. Intussusception in adults is an extremely rare pathological condition and only 30 to 35 % of small bowel intussusceptions are derived from malignant lesions. We report here a clinical case of a 75-year-old white man hospitalized for anemia and subocclusion. An abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography showed a small bowel intussusception. During a surgical exploration, a polypoid lesion was found to be the lead point of the intussusception. His small intestine was resected and a functional side-to-side anastomosis was performed. The histological features of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Small bowel intussusception from renal cell carcinoma metastasis should always be considered in the setting of unexplained intestinal subocclusion in patients with a history of renal cell carcinoma.

  11. A case of bilateral renal cell carcinoma associated with long-term dialysis showing false-positive immunoreactivity for TFE3 as Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Kurisaki-Arakawa, Aiko; Saito, Tsuyoshi; Takahashi, Michiko; Mitani, Keiko; Fukumura, Yuki; Nagashima, Yoji; Argani, Pedrum; Yao, Takashi

    2013-01-01

    Renal carcinomas associated with Xp11.2 translocations/transcription factor 3 (TFE3) gene fusion (Xp11 translocation RCC) are a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma. A middle-aged Japanese man, who had a medical history of dialysis for more than 12 years, had bilateral renal cancers with a background of acquired cystic disease of the kidney and remarkable deposition of calcium oxalate in the tumorous area. The right renal tumor showed papillary architecture of clear cells with diffuse and strong immunoreactivity for TFE3 and focal and weak positivity for cathepsin K, suggesting a possibility of Xp11 translocation RCC. However, RT-PCR failed to detect any type of the reported fusion genes involving TFE3. Thus, the sample was sent for a TFE3 break-apart FISH assay in a renal tumor consultation service, which reported no evidence of TFE3 gene rearrangement. The right renal tumor was finally diagnosed as papillary renal cell carcinoma with cystic change. We report here a case of bilateral renal cell carcinoma in a patient undergoing long-term dialysis, which showed false-positive immunoreactivity for TFE3 immunostaining. Titration of TFE3 immunohistochemical staining (IHC) should be performed and cross-referenced with the FISH or RT-PCR results to avoid the misinterpretation of TFE3 IHC results.

  12. Ranolazine is an Effective and Safe Treatment of Adults with Symptomatic Premature Ventricular Contractions due to Triggered Ectopy.

    PubMed

    Murray, Gary L

    2016-12-01

    Early and delayed afterdepolarizations (EAD/DAD) cause triggered ventricular ectopy. Because ranolazine (RAN) suppresses EAD/DAD, we postulated that RAN might be effective in reducing premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). To assess the effect of RAN in patients with symptomatic PVCs due to triggered ectopy and its safety and tolerability. A total of 59 patients with symptomatic PVCs were identified from full-disclosure Holters. Doses of 500 and 1,000 mg offlabel RAN, daily, were given to 34 and 66% patients, respectively, and repeat Holters were performed prospectively during mean followup of 3.1 months. The two Holters were retrospectively compared. Congestive heart failure (CHF) was defined as symptoms including dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and fatigue, with a brain natriuretic peptide > 400. Systolic (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction) versus diastolic (heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, HFpEF) CHF depended upon an echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at least 50% by apical two- and four-chamber Simpson's method (HFpEF). The mean age of the patients was 63 years, 60% were males, mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 60%, with 34% having coronary artery disease, 73% were hypertensive, 24% had type 2 diabetic, and 34% were on beta blockers. Upon repeat Holters at a mean of 3.1 months after initiating RAN, 95% (56/59) of the patients had their PVC count reduced as follows: 24% (14/59) had more than 90% decrease, 34% (20/59) had 71 to 90% decrease, and 17% (10/59) had 50 to 70% decrease. In the entire group, RAN reduced PVCs by 71% (mean: 13,329 to 3,837; p < 0.001). Ventricular bigeminy was reduced by 80% (4,168 to 851; p < 0.001), ventricular coupletswere reduced by 78% (374 to 81; p < 0.001), and ventricular tachycardiawas reduced by 91% (56 to 5; p < 0.001). The PVC reduction was dose dependent. Off-label RAN offers an effective and safe pharmacologic treatment for

  13. Paraneoplastic Glomerulopathy in a Case of Collecting Duct Renal Cell Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Devarsetty, Srikanth Prasad; Bhat, Shailaja; Nagaraju, Shankar Prasad; Attur, Ravindra Prabhu

    2017-01-01

    Paraneoplastic glomerulopathy has been described in established cases of the solid tumors of lung, gastrointestinal system, breast, etc., and rarely in patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC). Studies on secondary glomerular diseases have described a higher incidence of IgA nephropathy in patients with RCC compared to membranous glomerulopathy, which are commonly reported in malignancies of the lung and gastrointestinal tract. Collecting Duct Carcinoma (CDC), a rare high grade adenocarcinoma accounts for <1% of all renal malignancies. It arises from the cells of the collecting ducts of Bellini. We report a case of an elderly male who was diagnosed to have a disseminated CDC during his evaluation for nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy was suggestive of a secondary membranous glomerulonephropathy. PMID:28384915

  14. [Acute renal failure after dengue virus infection: A pediatric case report].

    PubMed

    Nicolon, C; Broustal, E

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is an emerging, rapidly expanding disease, whose clinical and biological manifestations vary. Kidney injury is not usual but can be severe, and it is most often associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever or shock. Guadeloupe, which is located in an endemic area, experienced an epidemic from 2013 to 2014. During this outbreak, a case of renal failure during dengue was observed in a 10-year-old child. No evidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever or shock syndrome was found. The clinical and biological course improved with symptomatic treatment. The association of acute renal failure with hemolytic anemia suggested a diagnosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome. However, this could not be confirmed in the absence of thrombocytopenia and cytopathologic evidence. This case illustrates the diversity of clinical presentations of dengue, and the possibility of severe renal impairment unrelated to the usual factors encountered in dengue. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. A rare case of acute renal failure secondary to rhabdomyolysis probably induced by donepezil.

    PubMed

    Sahin, Osman Zikrullah; Ayaz, Teslime; Yuce, Suleyman; Sumer, Fatih; Sahin, Serap Baydur

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Acute renal failure (ARF) develops in 33% of the patients with rhabdomyolysis. The main etiologic factors are alcoholism, trauma, exercise overexertion, and drugs. In this report we present a rare case of ARF secondary to probably donepezil-induced rhabdomyolysis. Case Presentation. An 84-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency department with a complaint of generalized weakness and reduced consciousness for two days. He had a history of Alzheimer's disease for one year and he had taken donepezil 5 mg daily for two months. The patient's physical examination revealed apathy, loss of cooperation, and decreased muscle strength. Laboratory studies revealed the following: urea: 128 mg/dL; Creatinine 6.06 mg/dL; creatine kinase: 3613 mg/dL. Donepezil was discontinued and the patient's renal function tests improved gradually. Conclusion. Rhabdomyolysis-induced acute renal failure may develop secondary to donepezil therapy.

  16. A Rare Case of Acute Renal Failure Secondary to Rhabdomyolysis Probably Induced by Donepezil

    PubMed Central

    Sahin, Osman Zikrullah; Ayaz, Teslime; Yuce, Suleyman; Sumer, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Acute renal failure (ARF) develops in 33% of the patients with rhabdomyolysis. The main etiologic factors are alcoholism, trauma, exercise overexertion, and drugs. In this report we present a rare case of ARF secondary to probably donepezil-induced rhabdomyolysis. Case Presentation. An 84-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency department with a complaint of generalized weakness and reduced consciousness for two days. He had a history of Alzheimer's disease for one year and he had taken donepezil 5 mg daily for two months. The patient's physical examination revealed apathy, loss of cooperation, and decreased muscle strength. Laboratory studies revealed the following: urea: 128 mg/dL; Creatinine 6.06 mg/dL; creatine kinase: 3613 mg/dL. Donepezil was discontinued and the patient's renal function tests improved gradually. Conclusion. Rhabdomyolysis-induced acute renal failure may develop secondary to donepezil therapy. PMID:24864216

  17. Acute renal failure and metabolic acidosis due to oxalic acid intoxication: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Rie; Morita, Seiji; Aoki, Hiromichi; Nakagawa, Yoshihide; Yamamoto, Isotoshi; Inokuchi, Sadaki

    2011-12-20

    Most of the reports of oxalic acid intoxication are in cases of ethylene glycol intoxication. These symptoms are known to be central nerve system manifestations, cardiopulmonary manifestations and acute renal failure. There have been only a few reports of direct oxalic acid intoxication. However, there have been a few recent reports of oxalic acid intoxication due to the ingestion of star fruit and ascorbic acid. We herein report the case of a patient with acute renal failure and metabolic acidosis caused directly by consumption of oxalic acid. During the initial examination by the physician at our hospital, the patient presented with tachypnea, a precordinal burning sensation, nausea and metabolic acidosis. After admission, the patient developed renal failure and anion gap high metabolic acidosis, but did not develop any CNS or cardio-pulmonary manifestations in the clinical course. The patient benefitted symptomatically from hemodialysis.

  18. Acute Cholestatic Hepatitis A Virus Infection Presenting with Hemolytic Anemia and Renal Failure: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Rochling, Fedja

    2013-01-01

    Hepatitis A virus is the most common acute viral hepatitis worldwide with approximately 1.5 million cases annually. Hepatitis A virus infection in general is self-limited. In rare cases, hepatitis A virus infection may cause renal failure, hemolytic anemia, and/or cholestasis. We report the first case of acute cholestatic hepatitis A virus infection complicated by hemolytic anemia, and renal failure in one patient. A 42-year-old Caucasian male presented with cholestasis, hemolytic anemia and renal failure after consuming street tacos in Central and South America while on a business trip. His protracted course required corticosteroid therapy, multiple sessions of plasma exchange, and numerous units of packed red blood cells. This case demonstrates the importance of vaccination in high-risk adults. A prompt diagnosis of acute hepatitis A virus infection is essential, as uncommon presentations may delay diagnosis leading to permanent morbidity and potentially death in fulminant cases. We also demonstrate the efficacy of treatment of cholestatic hepatitis A virus infection, hemolytic anemia, and renal failure with corticosteroids and plasma exchange. PMID:25431704

  19. The Reasons of Renal Transplant Recipients’ Admission to the Emergency Department; a Case Series Study

    PubMed Central

    Uysal, Erdal; Dokur, Mehmet; Bakir, Hasan; Ikidag, Mehmet Ali; Kirdak, Turkay; Kazimoglu, Hatem

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Renal transplantation are admitted to emergency department (ED) more than normal population. The present brief report aimed to determine the reasons of renal transplant patients’ ED visits. Methods: This retrospective case series study analyzed the reasons of renal transplant recipients’ admission to one ED between 2011 and 2014. The patient data were collected via a checklist and presented using descriptive statistics tools. Results: 41 patients with the mean age of 40.63 ± 10.95 years were studied (60.9% male). The most common ED presenting complaints were fever (36.6%) and abdominal pain (26.8%). Infections were the most common final diagnosis (68.3%). Among non-infectious causes, the most common was acute renal failure (9.7 %). 73.2% of the patients were hospitalized and no cases of graft loss and mortality were seen. Conclusion: The most common reason for ED admission was fever, and infections were the most common diagnosis. Acute gastroenteritis being the most frequent infection and among non-infectious problems, acute renal failure was the most frequent one. PMID:27800542

  20. Acute intrinsic renal failure in cats: 32 cases (1997-2004).

    PubMed

    Worwag, Stefanie; Langston, Cathy E

    2008-03-01

    To determine patient demographics, clinicopathologic findings, and outcome associated with naturally acquired acute intrinsic renal failure (ARF) in cats. Retrospective case series. 32 cats with ARF. Cats were considered to have ARF if they had acute onset of clinical signs (< 7 days), serum creatinine concentration > 2.5 mg/dL (reference range, 0.8 to 2.3 mg/dL) and BUN > 35 mg/dL (reference range, 15 to 34 mg/dL) in conjunction with urine specific gravity < 1.025 or with anuria or increasing serum creatinine concentration despite fluid therapy and normal hydration status, and no signs of chronic renal disease. Cases were excluded if cats had renal calculi or renal neoplasia. Causes of ARF included nephrotoxins (n = 18 cats), ischemia (4), and other causes (10). Eighteen cats were oliguric. For each unit (mEq/L) increase in initial potassium concentration, there was a 57% decrease in chance of survival. Low serum albumin or bicarbonate concentration at initial diagnosis was a negative prognostic indicator for survival. Initial concentrations of BUN, serum creatinine, and other variables were not prognostic. Seventeen (53%) cats survived, of which 8 cats had resolution of azotemia and 9 cats were discharged from the hospital with persistent azotemia. Results suggested that survival rates of cats with ARF were similar to survival rates in dogs and that residual renal damage persisted in approximately half of cats surviving the initial hospitalization.

  1. Infectious anastomotic pseudoaneurysm complicating renal allograft: case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Marvin MT; Chan, Yiu Che; Law, Yuk; Cheng, Stephen WK

    2017-01-01

    Infectious anastomotic pseudoaneurysm complicating renal transplant is rare, but probably under-reported with <30 cases worldwide. We report a 45-year-old man with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and end stage renal failure, who had a renal transplant anastomosed to the right external iliac artery and vein. Postoperatively, he made a slow recovery with malaise and persistent vague right iliac fossa discomfort. Ultrasound scan 1 month postoperatively showed perinephric collection, and fluid culture grew Enterococcus faecium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. He was started on vancomycin, daptomycin and colistin. MAG-3 scan also showed suboptimal function in the renal allograft. His symptoms persisted with fever, and blood culture yielded P. aeruginosa. Repeated ultrasound scan, and subsequent computed tomography scan a few weeks later, showed perinephric collection and a large, 3.8×3.5 cm pseudoaneurysm posteromedial to the graft kidney. He underwent emergency graft excision, together with resection of the pseudoaneurysm with in situ reversed great saphenous vein interposition graft, and made a good recovery on hemodialysis. The aneurysm wall grew P. aeruginosa, and he was put on imipenem and cilastatin (tienam), colistin, ciprofloxacin and daptomycin. To our knowledge, this is one of very few cases in the world’s literature in which a P. aeruginosa infectious anastomotic pseudoaneurysm developed after a renal allograft. PMID:28260939

  2. [A clinical case of ABO-incompatible living renal transplantation].

    PubMed

    Kawami, H; Shiramizu, T; Mori, Y; Yayama, T; Yonemura, T; Oka, N; Inokuchi, K

    1990-08-01

    We successfully made ABO-incompatible renal transplantation, of which report is methodologically the first in Japan and probably the second in the world to our knowledge. Sixty year-old-female (mother) with B-blood type donated her right kidney to 36 years-old male (son) with O-blood type. Pretransplant removal of plasma isoagglutinin of the recipient through plasma exchange with albumin solution followed by hemodialysis with administration of fresh frozen B-type plasma effectively reduced the anti-BIgM-antibody titre of x256 to x8 and the anti-IgG-antibody titre of x512 to x16. Splenectomy was performed at the time of transplantation. On the 10th POD, the anti-B antibody titres were more decreased to IgM antibody x2 and IgG antibody x8. Patient is doing well without any sign of rejection as of 4 months postoperatively.

  3. [A case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after renal transplantation].

    PubMed

    Iwanaga, T; Ooboshi, H; Imamura, T; Mizumasa, T; Ibayashi, S; Hirakata, H; Fujishima, M

    2001-11-01

    We report a patient of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in a recipient of renal transplantation. A 43-year-old man suffered from generalized convulsion and consciousness disturbance followed by coma on day 53 of after the transplantation. He was receiving several immunosuppressants, and an increase of serum antigen for cytomegalovirus was observed one day before the ictus. T2 and diffusion-weighted image of MRI showed high intensity lesions in the bilateral cerebral white matter, basal ganglia, thalamus, midbrain, pons and cerebellum. Examination of cerebrospinal fluid revealed elevated myelin basic protein level. The patient was diagnosed as having ADEM and was treated with methylpredonisolone pulse therapy in combination with intravenous immune globulin. He gradually recovered and became capable to eat and sit on a wheel chair. White matter lesions on MRI were also diminished. ADEM may occur in recipients of organ transplantation even if they have immunosuppressive treatment.

  4. Renal papillary calcification and the development of calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary renal calculi: a case series study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The objective of this study is to determine in a case series (four patients) how calcified deposits in renal papillae are associated with the development of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) papillary calculi. Methods From the recently collected papillary calculi, we evaluated retrospectively patients, subjected to retrograde ureteroscopy, with COM papillary lithiasis. Results The COM papillary calculi were found to result from subepithelial injury. Many of these lesions underwent calcification by hydroxyapatite (HAP), with calculus morphology and the amount of HAP in the concave zone dependent on the location of the calcified injury. Most of these HAP deposits grew, eroding the epithelium covering the renal papillae, coming into contact with urine and starting the development of COM calculi. Subepithelial HAP plaques may alter the epithelium covering the papillae, resulting in the deposit of COM crystals directly onto the epithelium. Tissue calcification depends on a pre-existing injury, the continuation of this process is due to modulators and/or crystallization inhibitors deficiency. Conclusions Since calculus morphology and the amount of detected HAP are dependent on the location and widespread of calcified injury, all types of papillary COM calculi can be found in the same patient. All patients had subepithelial calcifications, with fewer papillary calculi, demonstrating that some subepithelial calcifications did not further evolve and were reabsorbed. A high number of subepithelial calcifications increases the likelihood that some will be transformed into COM papillary calculi. PMID:23497010

  5. Renal failure with a large bladder calculus related to a foreign body: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Minter, Janelle; Chiovaro, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Key Clinical Message We encountered a patient with renal failure in the setting of long-standing difficulty urinating, which he previously treated with intermittent self-catheterizations. Imaging showed a large urinary calculus in the bladder. This case illustrates the importance of taking a detailed history and the dramatic long-term effects of bladder calculi. PMID:25356243

  6. African American female with renal failure presenting with skin lesions: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Israel, Nejla; Markova, Tsveti

    2009-01-01

    Calciphylaxis is a lethal disorder seen in patients with end-stage renal disease and is characterized by painful necrotic skin lesions. The pathophysiology is still unknown. Elevated calcium, phosphorous and parathormone appear to play a role in causing small and medium sized vasculopathy. Diagnosis is delayed, prognosis is poor and mortality remains high. In this article we describe the case of calciphylaxis in a patient with chronic renal failure and multiple medical comorbidities, and discuss diagnostic management, prognosis and treatment options. PMID:19830094

  7. Hereditary nephritis (with unusual renal histology): report of a first case from the West Indies.

    PubMed Central

    Hayes, J. S.; Jankey, N.

    1976-01-01

    A 21-year-old Grenadian girl undergoing investigation in Trinidad for anaemia was diagnosed as a case of hereditary nephritis. She had the clinical features of a nephropathy, nerve deafness and an ocular defect. Renal histology was exceptional in that in addition to the typical findings of a hereditary nephritis, cystic areas generally associated with medullary cystic disease were noted. Several members of the patient's maternal family were afflicted with either deafness visual distrubances or renal disease. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 4 PMID:1013001

  8. Renal flow studies after abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy and axillo-bifemoral bypass graft: case report

    SciTech Connect

    LaManna, M.M.; Yussen, P.S.

    1988-03-01

    Vascular disorders affecting the kidneys are either acquired or congenital. Included in this category are common multiplicity of renal arteries, the rare arteriovenous malformation, stresses due to fibromuscular disease or atherosclerosis including abdominal aortic aneurysms, arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, and infarction. In contrast to the group of cystic and neoplastic kidneys where scintigraphic or pathologic are not diagnostic, scintigraphic or pathologic anatomy in vascular disease is often diagnostic by nuclear medicine techniques. The authors present an interesting case of evaluation of acute renal failure in a patient abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy and axillo-bifemoral bypass graft.

  9. [Spontaneous dissection of the renal artery and kidney infarction: report of two cases].

    PubMed

    Borja, Francisco; González, Renato; Rodríguez, Nicolás; Ursu, Marcela; Varela, Cristian; Vukusich, Antonio

    2008-09-01

    We report two previously healthy males aged 33 and 37 years, presenting with severe pain in the right and left part of the abdomen, respectively. An abdominal CT scan showed in both a kidney infarction. An angio-CAT scan showed changes compatible with a fibromuscular dysplasia in the renal arterial wall. An angiography showed an intimal tear or complex dissection flap in both cases. Both had a satisfactory evolution with conservative treatment. The relationship between fibromuscular dysplasia and spontaneous dissection of the renal artery is discussed.

  10. Sonographic diagnosis of Obstructed Hemivagina and Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly Syndrome: a report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    Ng, Stanley

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome is a rare urogenital anomaly. Patients typically present at puberty, shortly after menarche with increasing pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and pelvic mass. There may be a known history of unilateral renal agenesis. Diagnosis can usually be established by ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging. Resection of the vaginal septum is the treatment of choice. Early diagnosis and treatment can relieve symptoms, prevent complications and preserve fertility. We present two cases of OHVIRA syndrome diagnosed by ultrasound to promote recognition of this rare but important condition. PMID:28191231

  11. Pheohyphomycosis in Renal Transplant Recipient Presenting as a Rare Case of Submandibular Salivary Gland Swelling

    PubMed Central

    Vanikar, Aruna V.; Trivedi, Hargovind L.

    2016-01-01

    Renal transplant patients are at high risk of developing various infections causing morbidity and mortality. Invasive fungal infection has been recognized as a significant complication of organ transplantation. The major fungal infections in these patients are due to candida, aspergillus and mucormycosis. However, infection because of infrequently encountered fungi like hyaline molds, dematiaceous filamentous fungi and zygomycetes are increasing in immunocompromised hosts. Dematiaceous fungi are recognized pathogens in organ transplant recipients with skin and soft tissue infection. We report the case of a 37-year-old man, a renal transplant recipient who developed an asymptomatic dematiaceous fungal infection in submandibular salivary gland. He recovered after excision and antifungal therapy. PMID:27656452

  12. Melorheostosis with renal arterio-venous malformation: A case report with review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Lone, Abdul Rashid; Ahmad, Mushtaq; Aziz, Sheikh Aejaz; Bhat, Gul Mohammad; Bhat, Javid Rasool; Jahan, Rifat; Khan, Shoukat H

    2009-01-01

    Melorheostosis, also known as Leri′s disease and flowing periosteal hyperostosis, is a rare cause of pain and stiffness in a limb. The appearance is of "candle greasing" down one side of one or several bones of the body. We describe a case referred to tertiary care center with suspicion of renal cell carcinoma with diffuse bone metastasis. After reassessment, the patient was diagnosed melorheostosis with renal AV malformation. He was reassured about the benign nature of the disease and is asymptomatic. PMID:20668607

  13. Case Report: Successful Staged Ureteroscopic Treatment of a 5 cm Staghorn Renal Calculus

    PubMed Central

    Ciccone, Joseph M.; McCabe, J. Clinton; Eyre, Robert C.

    2012-01-01

    It is widely accepted that percutaneous nephrostolithotorny (PCNL) is the standard of choice for the removal of large staghorn renal calculi. Although data exists supporting a stagad ureteroscopic as an alternate treatment for stones up to 3 cm in select patients, little data exists to support a ureteroscopic approach for stones as large as 5 cm. We present a case of a 68 year old female with a 5 cm staghorn renal calculus managed successfully with a staged ureteroscopic approach. A staged ureteroscopic approach can be effective in treating stones as large as 5 cm. PMID:22606638

  14. A case of maternal phenylketonuria syndrome presenting with unilateral renal agenesis.

    PubMed

    Gokmen, Tulin; Oguz, Serife Suna; Altug, Nahide; Akar, Melek; Erdeve, Omer; Dilmen, Ugur

    2011-04-01

    Maternal phenylketonuria (mPKU) during pregnancy leads to the risk of spontaneous abortion or a teratogenic syndrome depending on the level of maternal phenylalaninemia. Mental retardation, microcephaly, congenital cardiopathy and intrauterine growth retardation are frequently seen in patients who intake an unrestricted diet before conception. The clinical picture shows variation in classic PKU. Severe neurological symptoms are not seen in all untreated cases of PKU syndromes. For this reason, mPKU can be seen in undiagnosed mothers. We hereby present a case who underwent investigations due to the presence of microcephaly and congenital cardiopathy. The diagnosis of PKU syndrome of the mother was determined following assessment of the baby. Furthermore, the unilateral renal agenesis that was detected in our case is the first case reported in the literature in which mPKU accompanies renal agenesis.

  15. Pulmonary renal syndrome in childhood: a report of twenty-one cases and a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    von Vigier, R O; Trummler, S A; Laux-End, R; Sauvain, M J; Truttmann, A C; Bianchetti, M G

    2000-05-01

    In adults, the term specific pulmonary renal syndrome describes disorders with pulmonary and glomerular manifestations and includes Wegener's granulomatosis, Goodpasture disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonspecific pulmonary renal syndrome refers to either pulmonary disease complicating glomerular disease, or glomerular diseases following pulmonary disease. Since little is known regarding pulmonary renal syndrome in childhood, we reviewed the charts of 21 pediatric patients with pulmonary renal syndromes treated by the Department of Pediatrics, University of Bern between 1991 and 1998; we also reviewed the pediatric literature that deals with specific pulmonary renal syndromes. Specific pulmonary renal syndrome was noted in 3 children with systemic vasculitis (Wegener granulomatosis, N = 2; microscopic polyangiitis, N = 1) and 2 with systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonspecific pulmonary renal syndrome was observed in 12 patients with pulmonary edema (N = 9), pulmonary thromboembolism (N = 2), and pulmonary infection (N = 1) complicating the course of a glomerular disease, and in 4 children with a pulmonary disease followed by a glomerular disease. Review of the literature disclosed 52 cases of specific pulmonary renal syndrome other than systemic lupus erythematosus: Wegener granulomatosis (N = 28), Goodpasture disease (N = 13), and Henoch-Schönlein purpura (N = 11). In addition, hemolytic uremic syndrome complicated pneumococcal pneumonia in 32 cases. We conclude that pulmonary renal syndromes need to be looked for in childhood. Apart from Wegener granulomatosis, Goodpasture disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus, Henoch-Schönlein purpura and hemolytic-uremic syndrome occasionally have both pulmonary and renal features. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  16. Focal Dermal Hypoplasia with Uterus Bicornis and Renal Ectopia: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Lopez-Porras, Rocío F.; Arroyo, Carlos; Soto-Vega, Elena

    2011-01-01

    Focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH) is a rare inherited genodermatosis with an X-linked dominant trait. FDH is associated with skin defects and other abnormalities of bone, nails, hair, limbs, teeth and eyes. We present the case of a 26-year-old female in the 27th pregnancy week and a previous history of miscarriage. After careful physical examination and dermal biopsy, histopathology revealed that the patient was a carrier of FDH. This is the first report in the literature describing that FDH is associated with uterus bicornis and renal ectopia. Our association could be attributable to early embryonic abnormalities related with FDH because both the uterus bicornis and the renal ectopia originate around the 3th-6th week of embryonic development. We are unable to confirm that the miscarriages were caused by inherited FDH or that uterus bicornis was the cause. We conducted a literature review using the following terms: FDH, Goltz syndrome, uterus bicornis, and renal ectopia. PMID:21941481

  17. Spontaneous renal artery dissection presenting as an aortic dissection: a case report.

    PubMed

    Bucher, Joshua; Geib, Ann-Jeanette

    2016-12-20

    Renal artery dissection is a condition that has been associated with traumatic injuries and connective tissue disorders. It has been managed in the past by multiple methods because there is no standard treatment, including vascular intervention with angioplasty and stenting, anticoagulation/antiplatelet therapy, and hypertension management. We present a case of a spontaneous renal artery dissection in a 55-year-old white man with no traditional risk factors who presented twice to our emergency department in a 2-day period with different symptoms; on his first presentation he presented with symptoms consistent with renal colic and on the second visit he presented with symptoms consistent with aortic dissection. Our patient was treated with endovascular stent placement by interventional radiology, heparin infusion, and admission to our medical intensive care unit. Our review here highlights the varied management of this diagnosis for which there is no standard treatment and decisions are made in conjunction with consultants.

  18. Renal medullary carcinoma as an incidental finding in a horseshoe kidney: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Molgat, Gilles; Afrouzian, Marjan; Trpkov, Kiril

    2005-10-01

    Renal medullary carcinoma is rare and extremely aggressive neoplasm that typically affects young patients of African decent who demonstrate sickle cell trait or disease. Since the original description in 1995, only few cases have been reported outside the United States. A 29 year-old Canadian male of Afro-Caribbean decent with sickle cell trait developed right-sided hemiparesis due to brain infarct. During the clinical work-up, a 3 cm renal tumor was detected in a horseshoe kidney. The patient died suddenly 2 weeks after the presentation of massive non-neoplastic pulmonary thromboembolism, confirmed at autopsy. The final diagnosis of renal medullary carcinoma was established after the autopsy. Due to the small size of the tumor and the limited metastatic spread only to the regional lymph nodes, the tumor was considered an incidental finding, and not the primary cause of patient's death.

  19. Scleroderma renal crisis in a case of mixed connective tissue disease.

    PubMed

    Vij, Mukul; Agrawal, Vinita; Jain, Manoj

    2014-07-01

    Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is an overlap syndrome first defined in 1972 by Sharp et al. In this original study, the portrait emerged of a connective tissue disorder sharing features of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) and polymyositis. Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is an extremely infrequent but serious complication that can occur in MCTD. The histologic picture of SRC is that of a thrombotic micro-angiopathic process. Renal biopsy plays an important role in confirming the clinical diagnosis, excluding overlapping/superimposed diseases that might lead to acute renal failure in MCTD patients, helping to predict the clinical outcome and optimizing patient management. We herewith report a rare case of SRC in a patient with MCTD and review the relevant literature.

  20. Stauffer's syndrome with jaundice, a paraneoplastic manifestation of renal cell carcinoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tomadoni, Adriana; García, Carlos; Márquez, Marcelo; Ayala, Juan C; Prado, Fabrián

    2010-03-01

    To report an infrequent case of Stauffer's Syndrome with jaundice as a paraneoplastic syndrome of a metastatic renal cancer. We describe the set up of cholestatic jaundice without neoplastic liver infiltration in a patient with a metastatic renal cell carcinoma, which turned back with surgery and systemic treatment. Proper treatment of baseline disease enables turn back paraneoplastic signs and symptoms of Stauffer's Syndrome. Reversible cholestatic jaundice without evidence of hepatic disease is an infrequent form of the Stauffer's syndrome. This paraneoplastic syndrome is associated particularly with renal carcinoma but was described in lymphoproliferative diseases, prostate cancer and broncogenic tumors. This paraneoplastic entity is characterized by elevated alkaline phosphatase, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and gamma-glutamyl transferase without liver neoplastic infiltration.

  1. Hepatitis A complicated with acute renal failure and high hepatocyte growth factor: A case report.

    PubMed

    Oe, Shinji; Shibata, Michihiko; Miyagawa, Koichiro; Honma, Yuichi; Hiura, Masaaki; Abe, Shintaro; Harada, Masaru

    2015-08-28

    A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital. Laboratory data showed severe liver injury and that the patient was positive for immunoglobulin M anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies. He was also complicated with severe renal dysfunction and had an extremely high level of serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Therefore, he was diagnosed with severe acute liver failure with acute renal failure (ARF) caused by HAV infection. Prognosis was expected to be poor because of complications by ARF and high serum HGF. However, liver and renal functions both improved rapidly without intensive treatment, and he was subsequently discharged from our hospital on the 21(st) hospital day. Although complication with ARF and high levels of serum HGF are both important factors predicting poor prognosis in acute liver failure patients, the present case achieved a favorable outcome. Endogenous HGF might play an important role as a regenerative effector in injured livers and kidneys.

  2. [Seoul hantavirus infection-associated hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in France: A case report].

    PubMed

    Bour, A; Reynes, J-M; Plaisancie, X; Dufour, J-F

    2016-07-01

    Rodents are hantavirus hosts. In Europe, hantaviruses are responsible for human infections resulting in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Thousands of Puumala virus infections are reported annually in Europe, whereas human Seoul virus infections are rarely detected. We report the case of a 38-year-old patient who presented initially with flu-like symptoms and transitory blurred vision. He developed thrombocytopenia, acute renal failure, and elevated aminotransferases levels during the disease course, but the outcome was favorable with a full recovery. Afterwards, the hantavirus serology results were indicative of Seoul virus infection. This report serves to remind physicians to consider diagnosing hantavirus infection when observing the association of fever, acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia. Transitory blurred vision is a specific element to indicate this diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 Société Nationale Française de Médecine Interne (SNFMI). Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Case report demonstrating effectiveness of sorafenib in multiple lung and bone metastases of renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    HOSHI, MANABU; OEBISU, NAOTO; TAKADA, JUN; IWAI, TDASHI; NAKAMURA, HIROAKI

    2015-01-01

    The current study presents the case of a 59-year-old male with advanced-stage renal cell carcinoma and bone metastases in the proximal femur and ilium (cT3aN3M1; stage IV). Resection of the primary renal cell cancer and palliative surgery with a γ-nail for an impending fracture of the right proximal femur were performed, followed by radiotherapy. Sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor that blocks the raf and tyrosine kinases of the vascular endothelial and platelet-derived growth factor receptors, was administered for 9 months, resulting in a marked improvement in the metastatic ilium and a reduction in the extent of the lung metastases. The patient suffered minor adverse effects, including a skin rash and mild diarrhea, but remained alive at the time of follow-up at 36 months post-surgery. Sorafenib demonstrated efficacy against the bone metastasis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. PMID:25663922

  4. [Seminal vesicle cyst associated with homolateral renal agenesis and megaureter. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Aboutaieb, R; Joual, A; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1997-01-01

    We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient with cystic dilatation of the seminal vesicle associated with renal agenesis and megaureter. This patient complained of left renal colic with pollakiuria. We performed intravenous urography and ultrasound showed a cyst in the seminal vesicle associated with left megaureter and right renal agenesis. Treatment consisted of resection of the cyst and reimplantation of the left ureter into the bladder. No postoperative complications were observed. This association is rare and can be explained by the common embryological origin of the seminal vesicle and kidney and ureter. Its diagnosis is now facilitated by ultrasound and CT. The treatment of this tumor is surgical only when the lesions are responsible for clinical symptoms.

  5. Cutaneous alternariosis in a renal transplant patient successfully treated with posaconazole: Case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Bajwa, Rajinder; Wojciechowski, Amy L; Hsiao, Chiu-Bin

    2017-03-01

    Cutaneous alternariosis is an uncommon fungal infection that most commonly presents in organ transplant patients on immunosuppressive therapy. There are no clinical trials or guidelines to guide treatment of this condition, however itraconazole is the most commonly used antifungal in published cases. Here we report on a case of cutaneous alternariosis in a renal transplant recipient treated with a newer antifungal, posaconazole. A review of published reports of cutaneous alternariosis since 2008 is also discussed.

  6. Febuxostat-induced agranulocytosis in an end-stage renal disease patient: A case report.

    PubMed

    Poh, Xue Er; Lee, Chien-Te; Pei, Sung-Nan

    2017-01-01

    Febuxostat, a nonpurine xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is approved as the first-line urate-lowering therapy in gout patients with normal renal function or mild to moderate renal impairment. The most common adverse effects of febuxostat are liver function test abnormalities, diarrhea, and skin rash. However, there is insufficient data in patients with severe renal impairment and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We report the first case, to our knowledge, in which agranulocytosis developed after febuxostat treatment in an ESRD patient. A 67-year-old woman with gout and ESRD received febuxostat 40 mg a day for 2.5 months. She subsequently complicated with febrile neutropenia and the absolute neutrophil count was only 14/μL. After broad-spectrum antibiotics treatment and no more exposure to febuxostat for 17 days, her infection and neutrophil count recovered. Bone marrow study during neutropenic period showed myeloid hypoplasia without evidence of hematologic neoplasms. As febuxostat use may become more common in the population of advanced renal failure, clinicians should be aware of this rare but potentially life-threatening adverse effect. Based on our experience, close monitoring hemogram and immediate discontinuation of this medication may prevent serious consequences.

  7. Missed renal infarction presenting as the nephrotic syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tarif, Nauman; Mitwalli, Ahmed Hasan; Al-Wakeel, Jamal Saleh; Patel, Pravin Chandra; Al-Smayer, Saleh Ali; Najm, Hani Kamal; Qudsi, Abdoo; Abu-Aisha, Hassan

    2002-01-01

    Aortic dissection may be associated with renal disease. The presentation, especially in the later stages of the process, includes proteinuria, hematuria and impairment of renal function. Thus the clinical picture may be confused with glomerulonephritis or hypertension. We present a case of ischemic nephropathy resulting from involvement of the right kidney by an aortic dissection. The pateint presented with the nephrotic syndrome some two and a half months after the probable time when the aortic disection had occurred. At that time the initial back and flank pains had disappeared. Ultrasound examination revealed a smaller right kidney, compared to the left one. Imaging techneques, initaited for suspected renal artery stenosis, revealed aortic dissection involving the right renal artery starting from the descending aorta, distal to the origin of the left subclavian artery and extending down to the right common iliac artery; occluding the right renal artery. The medical literature is reviewed for patients presenting with ischemic nephropathy and the mechanisms of proteinuria discussed. We conclude that ischemic nephropathy can clinically mimic glomerulonephritis and can be missed if it is not included in the differential diagnosis of patients who present with heavy proteinuria and hypertension.

  8. A complex case of congenital cystic renal disease

    PubMed Central

    Cordiner, David S; Evans, Clair A; Brundler, Marie-Anne; McPhillips, Maeve; Murio, Enric; Darling, Mark; Taheri, Sepideh

    2012-01-01

    This case outlines the potential complexity of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). It highlights the challenges involved in managing this condition, some of the complications faced and areas of uncertainty in the decision making process. With a paucity of published paediatric cases on this subject, this should add to the pool of information currently available. PMID:22605879

  9. Necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis presenting with preserved renal function in patients with underlying multisystem autoimmune disease: a retrospective case series

    PubMed Central

    Tanna, Anisha; Randone, Olga; Tam, Frederick W. K.; Tarzi, Ruth M.; Levy, Jeremy B.; Griffith, Megan; Lightstone, Liz; Cook, H. Terence; Cairns, Tom; Pusey, Charles D.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. Necrotizing and crescentic GN usually presents with rapidly declining renal function, often in association with multisystem autoimmune disease, with a poor outcome if left untreated. We aimed to describe the features of patients who have presented with these histopathological findings but minimal disturbance of renal function. Methods. We conducted a retrospective review (1995–2011) of all adult patients with native renal biopsy–proven necrotizing or crescentic GN and normal serum creatinine (<120 μmol/l) at our centre. Results. Thirty-eight patients were identified. The median creatinine at presentation was 84 μmol/l and the median proportion of glomeruli affected by necrosis or crescents was 32%. Clinicopathological diagnoses were ANCA-associated GN (74%), LN (18%), anti-GBM disease (5%) and HScP (3%). Only 18% of cases had pre-existing diagnoses of underlying multisystem autoimmune disease, although the majority (89%) had extra-renal manifestations accompanying the renal diagnosis. All patients received immunosuppression and most had good long-term renal outcomes (median duration of follow-up 50 months), although two progressed to end-stage renal disease within 3 years. We estimate that renal biopsy had an important influence on treatment decisions in 82% of cases. Conclusion. Necrotizing and crescentic GN may present in patients with no or only minor disturbance of renal function. This often occurs in patients with underlying systemic autoimmune disease; early referral for biopsy may affect management and improve long-term outcomes in these cases. PMID:25431483

  10. [Two cases of bilateral renal cell carcinoma in patients with Von Hipple-Lindau disease].

    PubMed

    Matsukawa, Yoshihisa; Hattori, Ryohei; Komatsu, Tomonori; Yoshino, Yasushi; Ono, Yoshinari; Gotoh, Momokazu

    2007-01-01

    Von Hipple-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare familial cancer syndrome that is dominantly inherited and pre-disposes affected individuals to developing various tumors, including hemangioblastoma of the retina and central nervous system, and multicentric renal cell carcinoma. We report two cases of VHL disease with bilateral renal cell carcinoma. Case 1: A 53-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of bilateral kidney tumor incidentally found. We performed left laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and laparoscopic nephrectomy, ex vivo excision and reconstruction, and autotransplantation for the right kidney. Case 2: A 43-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of left kidney tumor incidentally found. Because the suspectious lesion in the right kidney was very small, we decided to follow it up with no treatment. We performed laparoscopic nephrectomy, ex vivo excision and reconstruction, and autotransplantation for left kidney.

  11. Literature review of passenger lymphocyte syndrome following renal transplantation and two case reports.

    PubMed

    Nadarajah, L; Ashman, N; Thuraisingham, R; Barber, C; Allard, S; Green, L

    2013-06-01

    Passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) is an immune-mediated hemolysis. It occurs following ABO blood group mismatched solid organ and/or bone marrow transplantation between donor and recipient. We report two cases of PLS occurring after renal transplantation. Both recipients received live related kidney transplants; one from his mother and the other from his brother. The direction of blood group transfer, from donor to recipient, was O Rh D+ to A Rh D+ in both cases. Approximately 12 days after transplantation, both recipients showed a rapid fall in their hemoglobin levels with no identifiable bleeding source. DAT positive hemolysis was confirmed and anti-A antibodies were detected in recipient sera, confirming a diagnosis of PLS. Both cases required blood transfusion support to maintain their hemoglobin and both had good renal outcomes. We have identified 99 PLS cases following renal transplant in the English literature. Previous ABO sensitization, donor blood group O to recipient blood group A or B transfer, and ciclosporin treatment have been identified as risk factors for PLS. Clinical outcomes in general are good; nonetheless, cases of graft failure and deaths have been reported. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important in at risk individuals.

  12. Double uterus with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis: pelvic anatomic variants in 87 cases.

    PubMed

    Fedele, L; Motta, F; Frontino, G; Restelli, E; Bianchi, S

    2013-06-01

    What are the anatomic variants (and their frequencies) of double uterus, obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis? Most cases examined (72.4%) were of the classic anatomic variant of the Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (with didelphys uterus, obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis) but the 27.6% of cases are of a rare variant of the syndrome (with uterus septum or cervical agenesis), showing relevant clinical and surgical implications. The extreme variability of anatomic structures involved in this syndrome (both uterus, cervico-vaginal and renal anomalies) is well known, even if a complete and uniform analysis of all its heterogeneous presentations in a large series is lacking. This is a retrospective study with 87 patients referred to our third level referral center between 1981 and 2011. We analyzed the laparoscopic and chart records of 87 women, who referred to our institute with double uterus, unilateral cervico-vaginal obstruction and ipsilateral renal anomalies. Sixty-three of 87 patients had the more classic variant of didelphys uterus with obstructed hemivagina; 10/87 patients had septate bicollis uterus with obstructed hemivagina; 9/87 patients had bicornuate bicollis uterus with obstructed hemivagina; 4/87 patients had didelphys uterus with unilateral cervical atresia; 1/87 patients had bicornuate uterus with one septate cervix and unilateral obstructed hemivagina. This is a retrospective study with a long enrolling period (30 years). New insights in the anatomic variants of this rare syndrome with their relevant surgical implications.

  13. Hypertensive Retinopathy as the First Manifestation of Advanced Renal Disease in a Young Patient: Report of a Case

    PubMed Central

    Arriozola-Rodríguez, Karen Janeth; Serna-Ojeda, Juan Carlos; Martínez-Hernández, Virginia Alejandra; Rodríguez-Loaiza, José Luis

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to report the case of a 23-year-old patient suffering from bilateral acute visual loss who received the diagnosis of hypertensive retinopathy. After systemic evaluation, he was diagnosed with bilateral renal disease and chronic renal failure, requiring a kidney transplantation to manage the systemic illness, followed by gradual improvement of his visual acuity. PMID:26955342

  14. Renal cavernous hemangioma: robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with selective warm ischemia. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ceccarelli, G; Codacci Pisanelli, M; Patriti, A; Biancafarina, A

    2015-01-01

    Renal hemangioma is a relatively rare benign tumor with a wide range of clinical and radiological presentation, not easy to differentiate preoperatively from a renal cancer. Due to its benign nature complete surgical resection is the recommended therapy and is considered curative. A 73-year old male patient followed-up for a lung carcinoma and a chronic renal failure underwent a CT scan showing a 35-mm mass of the inferior pole of the left kidney. The patient underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with left inferior pole selective warm ischemia. The outcome was favorable and no repercussions on the renal reserve were observed postoperatively. Histopathological characteristics of the surgical specimen were consistent with renal cavernous hemangioma. A robot-assisted operation allows the fine dissection required to carry out a bloodless nephron-sparing surgery without a complete warm ischemia. The use of robot could be noteworthy for nephron-sparing surgery in cases of concomitant chronic renal failure.

  15. Renal artery stenosis due to neurofibromatosis type 1: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a relatively common autosomal dominant disorder. The most common vascular abnormality in patients with NF1 is bilateral or unilateral renal artery stenosis. Case report A 16-year-old boy presented with a headache of 4-year duration and was found to be moderately hypertensive. On physical examination, axillary freckling and multiple café-au-lait spots were revealed over the trunk, while numerous small nodules were palpable on the limbs. Biopsy of subcutaneous nodule showed neurofibroma. Lisch nodules were identified on slit-lamp examination and grade I hypertensive retinopathy was present on fundoscopy. Clinical laboratory investigations revealed that renal and liver function tests, blood cells count, urinalysis, serum electrolytes, serum levels of renin and aldosterone, and 24-hour urine levels of catecholamines were all within normal ranges. Abdominal ultrasound and CT were normal. Both kidneys were of normal size. CT angiography showed right renal artery stenosis (>90%) at the ostium. The final diagnosis of NF1 with right renal artery stenosis and secondary hypertension was then made. The patient was treated with Procardin (30 mg/d) and improved with a significant decline in blood pressure. The main outcomes were to control blood pressure without necessarily proceeding with PTRA. We also present a review of the literature. Conclusions NF1 may present with hypertension due to renal artery stenosis in children. All young patients (<30 year) with hypertension should be clinically screened for secondary causes of hypertension, including NF1, so that renal revascularization can be offered before permanent end organ damage has occurred. First-line management using medication alone could be appropriate, keeping the interventional options for when the patient's condition deteriorates. PMID:24678641

  16. Phaeohyphomycosis in renal transplantation: report of two cases*

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Walmar Roncalli Pereira; Borsato, Maria Fernanda Longo; Dabronzo, Maria Luiza Ducati; Festa Neto, Cyro; Rocha, Larissa Aragão; Nunes, Ricardo Spina

    2016-01-01

    Phaeohyphomycosis is an infection caused by a filamentous fungus that contains pigment melanin in its cell wall. We report two cases caused by Exophiala sp. emphasizing the clinical variability of the disease, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties of this opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients (kidney transplant). PMID:26982786

  17. Pathologic findings of renal biopsy were a helpful diagnostic clue of stenosis of the iliac segment proximal to the transplant renal artery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Aoyama, H; Saigo, K; Hasegawa, M; Akutsu, N; Maruyama, M; Otsuki, K; Matsumoto, I; Kawaguchi, T; Kitamura, H; Asano, T; Kenmochi, T; Itou, T; Matsubara, H

    2014-01-01

    Common iliac artery stenosis after renal transplantation is a rare complication; it can occur in the course of hypertension and renal dysfunction. We report a case of suspected renal allograft rejection with iliac artery stenosis proximal to a transplanted kidney. A 52-year-old man with a history of cadaveric kidney transplantation 26 years previously underwent a second cadaveric kidney transplantation in the left iliac fossa because of graft failure 3 years before. In June 2012, the patient had progressive renal dysfunction. In July, a percutaneous needle biopsy was taken, and it showed no rejection; however, his renal function continued to get worse through September. A percutaneous allograft renal biopsy was performed under ultrasound guidance and showed hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular apparatus and renin granules. Magnetic resonance angiography was used to evaluate the arteries in the pelvis and showed left common iliac artery stenosis, and a stent was placed. After percutaneous intervention, the patient's ankle brachial pressure index was within the normal range and the allograft function had improved. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Human papillomavirus type 18 infection in a female renal allograft recipient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Cistjakovs, Maksims; Sultanova, Alina; Jermakova, Olga; Chapenko, Svetlana; Lesina-Korne, Baiba; Rozental, Rafail; Razeberga, Dace; Murovska, Modra; Ziedina, Ieva

    2016-11-09

    Human papillomavirus type 18 is the second most common cause of cervical cancer and is found in 7 to 20 % of cases of cervical cancer. The oncogenic potential of high-risk human papillomavirus is associated with expression of early proteins E6 and E7. Due to long-term immunosuppressive therapy, renal transplant recipients have a higher risk of developing persistent human papillomavirus infection. A 29-year-old white woman from Latvia with chronic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis received renal allograft transplantation and was prescribed immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporine, prednisolone, and mycophenolate mofetil. Two weeks after renal transplantation, her cervical swab was positive for human papillomavirus consensus sequences. After 6 months, quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed a high viral load of 3,630,789 copies/10(5) cells of high-risk human papillomavirus type 18 and expression of E6 and E7 oncogenes in her cervical swab and urine sample. One year after renal transplantation, the viral load in her cervical swab increased significantly to 7,413,102 copies/10(5) cells. Messenger ribonucleic acid of human papillomavirus type 18 E6 and E7 oncogenes were also detected. Shortly after this, she had an unsuccessful pregnancy which resulted in a spontaneous abortion at 6/7 weeks. Two months after the abortion her viral load sharply decreased to 39 copies/10(5) cells. Oncogenes E6 and E7 messenger ribonucleic acid expression was not observed in this period. This case report represents data which show that immunosuppressive therapy may increase the risk of developing persistent high-risk human papillomavirus infection with expression of E6 and E7 oncogenes in renal transplant recipients. However, even during this therapy the immune status of a recipient can improve and contribute to human papillomavirus viral load reduction. Spontaneous abortion can be considered a possible contributory factor in human papillomavirus clearance.

  19. Coal tar creosote abuse by vapour inhalation presenting with renal impairment and neurotoxicity: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Hiemstra, Thomas F; Bellamy, Christopher OC; Hughes, Jeremy H

    2007-01-01

    A 56 year old aromatherapist presented with advanced renal failure following chronic coal tar creosote vapour inhalation, and a chronic tubulo-interstitial nephritis was identified on renal biopsy. Following dialysis dependence occult inhalation continued, resulting in seizures, ataxia, cognitive impairment and marked generalised cerebral atrophy. We describe for the first time a case of creosote abuse by chronic vapour inhalation, resulting in significant morbidity. Use of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-containing wood preservative coal tar creosote is restricted by many countries due to concerns over environmental contamination and carcinogenicity. This case demonstrates additional toxicities not previously reported with coal tar creosote, and emphasizes the health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure. PMID:17892538

  20. [Chronic myeloid leukemia after renal transplantation: report of a new case and review of the bibliography].

    PubMed

    Sanz, L; Cervantes, F; Esteve, J; Vilardell, J; Marín, P; Rozman, C; Montserrat, E

    1996-10-01

    The increase in cancer incidence in renal transplant recipients is a well recognized fact, which has been related to post-transplant immunosuppressive therapy. Solid tumors, skin cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas account for most of the neoplasms in these patients, whereas chronic myeloproliferative disorders are infrequent. A patient is reported who developed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) six years after renal transplantation, which was followed by immunosuppressive with azathioprine, and the published data on such an association are reviewed. In all 10 cases reported azathioprine had been administered after transplantation. The amount and type of post-transplant immunosuppressive therapy seems to be the most important risk factor for the development of secondary CML in these patients, since no cases of CML in patients receiving cyclosporine A have been reported.

  1. Acute Renal Failure and Jaundice without Methemoglobinemia in a Patient with Phenazopyridine Overdose: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Holmes, Ian; Berman, Nathaniel; Domingues, Vinicius

    2014-01-01

    Phenazopyridine is a commonly used urinary analgesic available throughout the United States. Ingestion of large quantities can lead to methemoglobinemia, hemolytic anemia, jaundice, and acute renal failure. We report a case of a 78-year-old male with previously normal renal function who developed acute renal failure and jaundice without methemoglobinemia or hyperbilirubinemia after taking nearly 8 g of phenazopyridine over the course of 4 days. Initially presenting with oliguria, the urine output began to increase by day 2 of his admission, and the creatinine peaked 11 days after he began taking phenazopyridine, and he was discharged safely soon after. To our knowledge, this is the first such case of renal failure and jaundice without methemoglobinemia or hemolytic anemia in an adult patient with normal renal function.

  2. Spontaneous Subcapsular Renal Hematoma: Strange Case in an Anticoagulated Patient with HWMH after Aortic and Iliac Endovascular Stenting Procedure

    PubMed Central

    Greco, Michele; Benedetto, Filippo; Spinelli, Francesco; Traxer, Olivier; Tefik, Tzevat; Pappalardo, Rosa

    2016-01-01

    Spontaneous subcapsular renal hematoma is a rare condition in clinical practice. It is caused by renal cysts, benign and malignant renal tumors, vascular lesions, and antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy. In this paper we report an unusual case of rupture of a renal cyst of a 66-year-old male patient during an aortic and iliac endovascular procedure for a massive calcified atheroma above the iliac bifurcation. We suspected that the bolus of high weight molecular heparin given during the procedure caused the rupture of the cyst. According to the literature, this is the first case of renal cyst rupture during an endovascular aortic procedure after administering a high weight molecular heparin bolus. PMID:27579210

  3. Composite renal cell carcinoma with clear cell renal cell carcinomatous and carcinoid tumoral elements: a first case report.

    PubMed

    Bressenot, A; Delaunay, C; Gauchotte, G; Oliver, A; Boudrant, G; Montagne, K

    2010-02-01

    Renal endocrine tumours are extremely rare, and carcinoid tumoral elements in renal cell carcinoma have never been reported. This is the first report of a composite renal cell carcinoma containing a clear cell renal cell carcinoma associated with carcinoid tumoral elements, in a patient with synchronous metastatic disease. In the absence of specific radiological and clinical manifestations, typical morphological features as well as an immunostaining profile of neuroendocrine differentiation were identified by microscopy. Secondary nodal and liver localisations were characterised by carcinoid elements only. Despite antiangiogenic therapy, liver metastasis progressed, suggesting that adjuvant therapy cannot be based on the presence of the clear cell renal cell carcinoma component. In this context, extensive tissue sampling is recommended to reveal the endocrine component that is the most aggressive element of such a composite carcinoma.

  4. An undiagnosed giant right renal hydatid cyst treated laparoscopically: Case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Osman, Elsawi; Khan, Ziauddin; Abualsel, Abdulmenem; Bhatty, Tanweer

    2016-01-01

    Hydatid disease caused by the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus is a rare occurrence in the urinary system in general. We are hereby presenting a case of a gentleman in his fourth decade with a giant right renal hydatid cyst. The clinical manifestations, radiological features, and serology were all not suggestive of hydatid disease; however, typical Echinococcus scolices were detected histologically following cyst aspiration. The giant cyst was successfully treated laparoscopically. PMID:28057995

  5. Haematological manifestations of arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis (ARC) syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Saadah, Omar I; Bokhari, Bayan E; Alshaeri, Taghreed M; Jastaniah, Wasil

    2013-03-01

    Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, renal dysfunction, and cholestasis (ARC) syndrome is a rare, fatal, multisystem disorder. Bleeding problems, which occur spontaneously and post organ biopsies, have been reported in these patients. We report the case of an infant who had life-threatening spontaneous nasal bleeding. A detailed assessment of her platelet function and morphology is presented. Copyright © 2013 Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Embolization of a Bleeding Renal Angiomyolipoma in Pregnancy: Case Report and Review

    SciTech Connect

    Morales, Jose P.; Georganas, Marios; Khan, Mohammad S.; Dasgupta, Prokar; Reidy, John F.

    2005-04-15

    A case is described of a woman 10 weeks pregnant who had severe bleeding, secondary to a renal angiomyolipoma (AML), that was treated with embolization. Subsequent pregnancy was uneventful and she delivered a normal female infant 28 weeks after the procedure. One month after delivery, liquefaction of the AML occurred, which eventually required surgical drainage. We review and discuss AML during pregnancy, its management and post-embolization complication000.

  7. A type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma presenting as an intracystic necrotic lesion: A case report

    PubMed Central

    FU, ZHENYU; SUN, LIGUO; HUANG, YUHUA; ZHANG, JIE; ZHANG, ZICHAO; WANG, LIJUN; WANG, SHENGYU; ZHANG, GE

    2013-01-01

    Papillary renal carcinoma (papillary RCC) is a histological subtype of the renal carcinoma, which in turn, has two morphological subtypes that correlate with prognosis. The present study reported an unexpected finding of type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (papillary RCC) presenting intracystic necrosis cavity. A cystic renal lesion was identified incidentally in a 66-year-old man during an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan performed for the evaluation of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Subsequent contrast material-enhanced CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination labeled the mass as category III degree on the basis of the Bosniak classification scheme. Surgical exploration by laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed to determine the diagnosis. Definitive pathological study confirmed a type 2 papillary RCC with an intracystic necrosis cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this case demonstrated for the first time a cavity within a papillary RCC, supporting the hypothesis that type 2 papillary RCC could develop cavity avascular necrosis during its cystic degeneration. PMID:24649168

  8. Strangulated Small Bowel Obstruction After Renal Transplant With No History of Laparotomy: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Miura, Yuichi; Sato, Kazushige; Kawagishi, Naoki; Ohuchi, Noriaki

    2015-06-01

    Strangulated small bowel obstruction is a complication after abdominal surgery, which is rare in renal transplant patients. A 61-year-old man with a strangulated small bowel obstruction underwent renal transplant surgery 7 years before the current admission. He was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain, nausea, and abdominal distention. An abdominal computed tomography and an ultrasound examination showed intestinal expansion and fluid collection without ascites. His disease was diagnosed as a small bowel obstruction and conservative treatment was begun. However, because of increasing abdominal pain and the collection of ascites, he underwent an emergency laparotomy and was diagnosed as having a strangulated small bowel obstruction. A fibrous cord had formed between the peritoneum (beside the transplanted kidney) and the root of the sigmoid mesocolon, strangulating the looped ileum and causing bleeding necrosis and hemorrhagic ascites collection. The cord and the necrotic ileum were resected, followed by an end-to-end anastomosis. He was discharged 17 days after the surgery in good condition. This is the first reported case of a person having a strangulated small bowel obstruction by a fibrous cord, who did not have a history of laparotomy after renal transplant. A strangulated small bowel obstruction after a renal transplant in a patient with no history of a laparotomy is a rare, but possible postoperative complications should be considered when making a differential diagnosis.

  9. Papillary carcinoma of the duodenum combined with right renal carcinoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xuan; Zhou, Zhen-hong; Cai, Shou-wang; Dong, Jia-hong

    2013-02-01

    We report a case of papillary carcinoma of the duodenum combined with right renal carcinoma. A 58-year-old man underwent a physical examination that revealed intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct dilatation on B ultrasound. Intrahepatic bile duct dilatation could be seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but the head of the pancreas and distal bile duct showed no tumor signals, which led to a diagnosis of periampullary carcinoma and right renal carcinoma. Considering the trauma of pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with renal resection operation is greater, we carried out the laparoscopic right renal radical resection first, and then a pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. However, postoperative intra-abdominal infections and bleeding occurred; our patient improved after vascular interventional microcoil embolization for the treatment of hemostasis. The second operation for celiac necrotic tissue elimination, jejunal fistulization and peritoneal lavage and drainage was performed 14 days latter. Our patient improved gradually and was discharged on the 58th postoperative day. There has been no tumor recurrence after a follow-up of 26 months.

  10. Tenofovir-related nephrotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: three cases of renal failure, Fanconi syndrome, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

    PubMed

    Karras, Alexandre; Lafaurie, Matthieu; Furco, André; Bourgarit, Anne; Droz, Dominique; Sereni, Daniel; Legendre, Christophe; Martinez, Frank; Molina, Jean-Michel

    2003-04-15

    We report 3 cases of renal toxicity associated with use of the antiviral agent tenofovir. Renal failure, proximal tubular dysfunction, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus were observed, and, in 2 cases, renal biopsy revealed severe tubular necrosis with characteristic nuclear changes. Patients receiving tenofovir must be monitored closely for early signs of tubulopathy (glycosuria, acidosis, mild increase in the plasma creatinine level, and proteinuria).

  11. Tuberous Sclerosis and Bilateral Renal Angiomyolipomas: A Case Report and Literature Review of Emerging Treatment Strategies

    PubMed Central

    James, Leighton R.

    2016-01-01

    Tuberous sclerosis complex is a rare multisystemic genetic disorder associated with the development of benign hamartomas. Angiomyolipomas are one such characteristic finding that may be seen in 55–80% of tuberous sclerosis complex patients. While being normally asymptomatic, they can also cause significant morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex and recently discovered bilateral renal angiomyolipomas, admitted for hematuria who underwent left renal artery embolization; however, worsening renal function necessitated subsequent nephrectomy. Despite still being mainstays of treatment, invasive interventions are now being recommended for specific patient populations as demonstrated in our case. Emerging strategies targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway have been shown to reduce the size of angiomyolipomas and are now used to treat asymptomatic cases >3 cm. Our review discusses these treatment options with the intention of increasing awareness of current recommendations and hopefully leading to increased application of these novel therapies that will reduce the need for invasive interventions. PMID:27525138

  12. Renal cell carcinoma presenting with Melena from direct invasion into the duodenum: a case report and a review of literature.

    PubMed

    Street, Ryan; Brady, Jordan; Slobodav, Gennady

    2013-12-01

    Today the classic triad of flank pain, hematuria and a palpable abdominal mass is rarely present at initial diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma due to the growing number of cases diagnosed incidentally on imaging studies. We report a case of a 58-year-old female who presented with melena where a subsequent esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated a bleeding duodenal lesion. Pathologic study of a biopsy revealed Clear Cell RCC and an ensuing abdominal CT revealed the direct duodenal invasion of a primary renal mass. We also provide a brief review of nephrectomy in the face of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

  13. Case report: boldo (Peumus boldus) and tacrolimus interaction in a renal transplant patient.

    PubMed

    Carbajal, R; Yisfalem, A; Pradhan, N; Baumstein, D; Chaudhari, A

    2014-09-01

    Boldo is an extract of a Chilean tree leave (Peumus boldus mol) that have been traditionally employed in folk medicine. We have presented a case of subtherapeutic tacrolimus levels in a renal transplant patient while taking boldo. In the literature search, no interaction has been reported between boldo and tacrolimus. A 78-year-old Hispanic man with history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and deceased donor renal transplant in 2005 presented to the renal clinic for regular follow-up on September 1, 2010. No complaints were reported and physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory tests taken on July 26, 2010, were significant for tacrolimus level of <3 ng/mL (measured by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry) and serum creatinine of 1.2 mg/dL (106 μmol/L). Medications included tacrolimus 2 mg bid and mycophenolate 500 mg bid. On further inquiry, the patient admitted taking herbal medication, boldo 300 mg bid, for the last few weeks. There was no change in his regular medications. He was adherent to his medication. He had been taking tacrolimus from the same company and pharmacy since August 2009. The last dose of boldo was on September 1, 2010. One week after he stopped taking boldo, tacrolimus level was 6.1 ng/mL (9/8/2010) on the same tacrolimus dose of 2 mg bid. Tacrolimus dose was increased to 3 mg bid (9/9/2010), awaiting tacrolimus levels. Subsequent levels (ng/mL) were 8.6 and 9.5, which made us resume the prior tacrolimus dose (2 mg bid). We have reported a case of an allograft renal transplant recipient who presented to the clinic with subtherapeutic levels of tacrolimus while taking the herbal remedy boldo. Tacrolimus levels rose to the intended target after discontinuation of boldo. Although it is a single case report, our observation suggests a possible herb-drug interaction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Huge Renal Hydatid Cyst-an Unusual Presentation: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Jafari Nodoushan, Jamal; Zare, Samad; Tabatabaei, Seyed Mostafa; Babaei Zarch, Mojtaba; Imani, Fatemeh; Ehsani, Fatemeh

    2017-03-16

    Isolated renal hydatid cyst is a rare entity accounting for only 2-4% of cases. A 60-year-old male presented to our clinic complaining of pain in right flank. He had a history of eating raw sheep liver. Imaging revealed an expansive cystic mass measuring approximately300×180 mm in the right side of abdomen. The patient was treated by open surgery in combination with perioperative chemotherapy with albendazol. In this case, we reported an unusual presentation of hydatid cyst disease. Physicians should be aware of its clinical presentations and complications.

  15. Sprengel's Deformity Associated with Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions and Renal Anomalies: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kariminasab, Mohammad Hossein; Shayeste-Azar, Masoud; Sajjadi Saravi, Majid; Taghipour Gorgikolai, Mehrdad

    2012-01-01

    Background. Sprengel's deformity is a rare congenital anomaly of the shoulder girdle. The deformity is due to failure of descent of the scapula in intrauterine life. Case Presentation. We report a case of unilateral Sprengel's deformity associated with several other musculoskeletal and renal disorders consisting of absence of pectoralis major, weakness of trapezius and serratus anterior muscles, one kidney agenesis, and severe hydronephrosis of the other kidney in a 7-year-old boy. Conclusion. Sprengel's deformity can be associated with other musculoskeletal abnormalities and it is much more than a cosmetic problem.

  16. Renal Medullary Carcinoma with an Aggressive Clinical Course: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Kalavar, Madhumati R.; Ali, Sami; Safarpour, Damoun; Kunnakkat, Saroj Davi

    2017-01-01

    Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare, yet aggressive malignancy of the kidney that is found predominantly in young patients with African descent and sickle cell hemoglobinopathies and most specifically sickle cell trait. Due to its aggressive nature, most cases have metastasis or local invasion at the time of diagnosis. Prognosis is extremely poor with survival less than 1 year after diagnosis. Here we present a case of metastatic RMC in a 29-year-old African female. Despite chemotherapy with cisplatin, gemcitabine, and paclitaxel, and initial shrinkage of the tumor, the patient died 5 months after diagnosis. PMID:28203160

  17. Periodontitis case definition affects the association with renal function in kidney transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Ioannidou, E; Shaqman, M; Burleson, J; Dongari-Bagtzoglou, A

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this analysis was to investigate the association between periodontal status and renal allograft function in a cohort of renal transplant patients using different periodontitis case definitions. Fifty-eight kidney transplant patients were included. The subjects were classified into two groups, deterioration or stable/improvement of renal allograft function as expressed by the difference in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) between two time points at least 6 months apart. Chronic periodontitis was defined as: (1) two or more interproximal sites with clinical attachment level (CAL) ≥4 mm or two or more interproximal sites with probing depth (PD) ≥5 mm (DEF1); (2) PD ≥ 5 or CAL ≥ 4 in at least six proximal sites (DEF2); and (3) PD ≥ 5 or CAL ≥ 4 in at least two proximal sites in each quadrant (DEF3). In a multivariate linear regression model, none of the continuous periodontal variables were significantly associated with deterioration of allograft function. Of the three definitions of chronic periodontitis, only DEF2 emerged as significantly more prevalent in subjects with GFR deterioration and was a statistically significant predictor of GFR deterioration over time. These findings underscore the importance of periodontitis ‘case definition’ in the observed statistical associations between periodontitis and systemic disease.

  18. A CASE OF CALCIPHYLAXIS IN A PATIENT WITH HYPOPARATHYROIDISM AND NORMAL RENAL FUNCTION

    PubMed Central

    Erdel, Blake L.; Juneja, Rattan; Evans-Molina, Carmella

    2014-01-01

    Objective To present the case of a patient with a history of thyroid cancer, post-surgical hypoparathyroidism, chronic calcitriol use, and normal renal function who presented with painful skin lesions secondary to calciphylaxis. Methods We describe the history, biochemistry, histopathology, evaluation, and management of this patient. Results A 47 year-old female with hypoparathyroidism, chronically treated with calcitriol and calcium, presented with exquisitely painful skin ulcerations. Four months prior to the onset of symptoms, she had initiated warfarin therapy for atrial fibrillation. Review of laboratory data from the past year revealed elevated calcium and phosphorus levels. A diagnosis of calciphylaxis was made based upon pathologic evaluation of a skin biopsy. Management included titration of calcitriol and calcium to maintain serum calcium and phosphate levels in the low normal range. Sodium thiosulfate was administered at a dose of 25 mg IV three times a week with some resolution in the patient's pain. Unfortunately, the patient battled recurrent bacteremia and sepsis, presumably related to her calciphylaxis wounds, and ultimately succumbed to complications from sepsis. Conclusion While calciphylaxis is typically associated with renal insufficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism, we highlight the case of a patient with normal renal function and hypoparathyroidism. Patients treated with chronic calcitriol should have serum calcium and phosphorus monitored closely and may benefit from non-calcium based phosphate binders if hyperphosphatemia becomes unavoidable. This is especially important in the presence of other risk factors for calciphylaxis including warfarin use. PMID:24518186

  19. [Pyelonephritis with massive renal tissue necrosis in child with urinary tract malformation--a case report].

    PubMed

    Pawlak-Bratkowska, Monika; Finke, Daria; Olejniczak, Dariusz; Midel, Anna; Tkaczyk, Marcin

    2009-04-01

    The aim of the case report is presentation of unusual and heavy clinical course of pyelonephritis with renal tissue necrosis in a child with urinary tract malformation. Nine month old girl was admitted to hospital in heavy clinical status due to pyelonephritis--urosepsis. It was complicated by acute renal insufficiency. Patient was treated by broad-spectrum antibiotics and parenteral nutrition. She was feverish for 14 days. Computed tomography done in order to exclude abdominal abscess showed massive renal tissue necrosis of on both sides. Antibiotic treatment was successful after 6 weeks. Urological evaluation revealed bilateral vesico-ureteral refluxes grade IV. Scintigraphy showed multiple scars. Patient was treated Deflux injections (twice). We noted 5 urinary tract recurrences despite antibiotic profilaxis. GFR of 75 ml/min/1.73 m2 was estimated at age of 16 m. Immunodeficiency or malignancy as background of clinical course were excluded. The case we describe presents severe clinical course of pyelonephritis due to complex urinary tract malformation that is to be considered despite based on modern publications "sparing" strategies of diagnosis and profilaxis in urinary tract malformations.

  20. [Lumboscopic treatment of simple renal cysts: initial experience with 17 cases].

    PubMed

    Moufid, Kamal; Joual, Abdenbi; Debbagh, Adil; el Mrini, Mohamed

    2002-12-01

    To evaluate the feasibility of lumboscopic treatment of simple renal cysts. From January 1999 to January 2002, 17 patients with a mean age of 40 years were operated for symptomatic renal cysts via a retroperitoneal approach. All patients were evaluated by preoperative ultrasonography and CT. A Bosniak type I cyst was diagnosed in 10 cases and a Bosniak type II cyst was diagnosed in 7 cases. The mean cyst diameter was 7 cm (range: 5 to 15 cm). All patients were operated via an exclusively retroperitoneal approach. The mean operating time was 50 min (range: 40 mm-120 mm). The estimated mean blood loss was 80 cc. No conversion was necessary and the mean length of hospital stay was 1.5 days. All cysts were histologically benign. All 17 patients are asymptomatic (mean follow-up = 11 months) with no radiological signs of recurrence. Lumboscopic treatment of simple renal cysts appears to be a feasible, safe, effective and satisfactory technique in terms of morbidity, operating time, complications and blood loss.

  1. A Case Report of Parvovirus B19 Infection in a Renal Allograft.

    PubMed

    Oramas, Diana M; Setty, Suman; Yeldandi, Vijay; Cabrera, Julio; Patel, Tushar

    2017-10-01

    Parvovirus B19 infection is undiagnosed in recipients undergoing solid organ transplantation. It is usually responsible for unexplained acute and chronic red blood cell aplasia that does not respond to erythropoietin therapy. Cases of parvovirus B19 infection associated with pancytopenia, solid organ dysfunction, and allograft rejection have been described in the literature. The deterioration of the immune system as a result of severe immunotherapy favors the reactivation of a previous infection or the acquisition of a new one. We present a case of a 32-year-old woman with a 1-year history of renal allograft transplant and previous cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection who presented with chest pain, polyarthritis, pancytopenia, and renal dysfunction. A serum sample using polymerase chain reaction showed a parvovirus titer of 13.8 trillion IU/mL and a CMV titer of 800 IU/mL. The renal biopsy revealed nucleomegaly with focal viral inclusions, along with changes associated with immunotherapy toxicity. Electron microscopy demonstrated capillary and tubular epithelial cells with "viral factories," thereby confirming the diagnosis. Thus, screening for parvovirus B19 is advised in high-risk patients who present with refractory anemia to avoid the complications of a chronic infection associated with the fatal rejection of the transplanted organ.

  2. Naturally-occurring chronic renal disease in Australian cats: a prospective study of 184 cases.

    PubMed

    White, J D; Norris, J M; Baral, R M; Malik, R

    2006-06-01

    To describe cases of naturally occurring feline chronic renal disease (CRD) in a defined population of Sydney. Prospective case series. The inclusion criteria were the presence of a serum creatinine concentration above the reference range with either inadequately concentrated urine (urine specific gravity < or = 1.035), necropsy findings consistent with CRD, renal proteinuria or persistent azotaemia despite rehydration. Cats were excluded if a specific aetiology was identified ante or post mortem. Patients were divided into two categories (renal insufficiency or renal failure) on the basis of history, physical findings and serum creatinine concentration. The gender and age of cats with CRD was compared to an estimated Australian urban pet cat population. The breeds of cats with CRD were compared to the breeds of cats visiting the respective veterinary hospital where possible. Breed and gender comparisons were made using Fisher's exact tests. Age comparisons were made using Mann-Whitney U tests. The age at which cats were diagnosed with CRD was compared between veterinary hospitals using a Kruskal-Wallis test. One hundred and eighty-four (99 female; 85 male) cats fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Amongst cats with CRD, males (median 12 years) were significantly younger than females (median 15 years; p = 0.001). The overall proportion of male and female cats with CRD was similar to that of the reference urban cat population (p = 0.41), however, between the ages of 9 and 11 years, male cats with CRD were over-represented (p = 0.038). Patients diagnosed with renal insufficiency (123 cats; median age 15 years) were significantly older than patients diagnosed with renal failure (61 cats; median age 11 years; p = 0.0001). The age at diagnosis of cats with CRD differed significantly between veterinary hospitals (p = 0.002). Male cats with CRD were significantly younger than female cats with CRD. Younger cats were more likely to be diagnosed at an advanced stage of disease

  3. Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma with egg-shell calcification mimicking a benign renal tumour: A case report.

    PubMed

    Liang, Wenjie; Xu, Shunliang

    2015-11-01

    The present study reports the case of a 20-year-old female who was identified to have a left renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with hemorrhage. Following temporary conservative observation, the patient received continuous ultrasonic follow-up. Due to the rapid growth of the lesion, further examinations were performed. Computed tomography (CT) plain scans revealed a partly high-density mass with marginal egg-shell calcification. Enhanced CT revealed a solid tumor with a rich blood supply. Since no fats were detected, the possibility of a typical AML was excluded, but the diagnoses of epithelioid AML or renal cancer were considered. Finally, the left kidney was partially excised laparoscopically. The intraoperative frozen section indicated a diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The left kidney was subsequently radically excised. Routine histopathological and immunohistochemical tests confirmed that the lesion was an RCC with an Xp11.2 translocation. The present study introduces the pitfalls in the diagnosis of Xp11.2 translocation RCC, which is a rare RCC subtype accompanied with uncommon imaging manifestations. The study suggests that when a rapidly-growing AML is detected by ultrasound, renal cancer with marginal calcification should be considered. Moreover, although egg-shell calcification mostly occurs in benign renal lesions, further examinations, such as enhanced CT, are recommended for identifying the nature of the masses and excluding the possibility of malignant tumors.

  4. A case of tacrolimus-associated thrombotic microangiopathy after ABO-blood-type-incompatible renal transplantation.

    PubMed

    Takeda, Asami; Ohtsuka, Yasuhiro; Horike, Keij; Inaguma, Daizyo; Goto, Norihiko; Watarai, Yoshihiko; Uchida, Kazuharu; Morozumi, Kunio

    2011-07-01

    De novo thrombotic microangiopathy(TMA) is most commonly triggered by calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) and the prognosis is less severe than with recurrent TMA. However, it is difficult to distinguish de novo TMA from CNI toxicity and acute antibody-mediated rejection(AMR) soon after renal transplantation. We present a case of tacrolimus-associated TMA soon after ABO blood type incompatible renal transplantation that was difficult to differentiate from acute AMR. On day 9 his urine output decreased dramatically and the Scr level increased. His anti-blood type A antibody titer increased to ×16 postopratively and the tacrolimus trough level was higher than in our immunosuppressive regimen. Although we gave priority to anti-AMR treatment, adequate dose adjustment of tacrolimus after tacrolimus nephrotoxicity was diagnosed from graft biopsy could correct allograft dysfunction.

  5. [Spontaneous migration of a metal clip into renal pelvis after laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a case report].

    PubMed

    Minamida, Satoru; Iwamura, Masatsugu; Soh, Shigehiro; Sasamoto, Haruko; Ishikawa, Wataru; Kurosaka, Shinji; Fujita, Tetsuo; Baba, Shiro

    2007-11-01

    Migration of surgical materials into the urinary tract is very rare. We present a case of spontaneous migration of a metal clip into renal pelvis after laparoscopic pyeloplasty. A 44-year-old woman who had a long history of multiple sclerosis presented with symptomatic left hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. Since antegrade endopyelotomy was unsuccessful, the patient underwent laparoscopic Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty. The UPJ was wrapped with thick inflammatory tissue and a crossing vessel that firmly adhered to the UPJ was found and dissected. Metal clips were used for hemostasis. Although the hydronephrosis was improved and flank pain was completely dissolved, a stone was identified in the pelvis 22 months after the surgery. The stone was formed around a metal clip that had been possibly migrated into the renal pelvis. Transureteral lithotripsy was performed using an 8F ureterofiberscope and a clip was removed.

  6. Incidentally detected squamous cell carcinoma of renal pelvis in patients with staghorn calculi: case series with review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Jain, Ayushi; Mittal, Deepti; Jindal, Arpita; Solanki, Ranjana; Khatri, Suman; Parikh, Archana; Yadav, Kamlesh

    2011-01-01

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis is a rare neoplasm, often unsuspected clinically due to its rarity and ambiguous clinical and radiological features, and hence patients present at advanced stages resulting in poor prognosis. We report here four cases of incidentally diagnosed primary renal squamous cell carcinoma, treated at our hospital over a short span of one year, and review the relevant literature. Mean age of the patients (3 males, 1 female) was 60 years. All suffered from staghorn stones. Interestingly, renal carcinoma was unsuspected clinically in all patients. In one case, a computerised tomography scan showed a suspicious nodule. All underwent nephrectomy for nonfunctioning kidney. In just two cases, tumor was identified on gross examination, while the other two only showed thickened pelvis. Our series emphasises the need for pelvicalyceal biopsy during treatment for long-standing nephrolithiasis, and thorough sampling of the renal pelvis in nephrectomy specimen of such patients.

  7. Patterns of ectopy leading to increased risk of fatal or near-fatal cardiac arrhythmia in patients with depressed left ventricular function after an acute myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Lerma, Claudia; Gorelick, Alexander; Ghanem, Raja N; Glass, Leon; Huikuri, Heikki V

    2013-09-01

    To identify potential new markers for assessing the risk of sudden arrhythmic events based on a method that captures features of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) in relation to sinus RR intervals in Holter recordings (heartprint). Holter recordings obtained 6 weeks after acute myocardial infarction from 227 patients with reduced ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 40%) were used to produce heartprints. Measured indices were: PVCs per hour, standard deviation of coupling interval (SDCI), and the number of occurrences of the most prevalent form of PVCs (SNIB). Predictive values, survival analysis, and Cox regression with adjustment for clinical variables were performed based on primary endpoint, defined as an electrocardiogram-documented fatal or near-fatal arrhythmic event, death from any cause, and cardiac death. High ectopy (PVCs per hour ≥10) was a predictor of all endpoints. Repeating forms of PVCs (SNIB ≥ 83) was a predictor of primary endpoint, hazard ratio = 3.5 (1.3-9.5), and all-cause death, hazard ratio = 2.8 (1.1-7.3), but not cardiac death. SDCI ≤ 80 ms was a predictor of all-cause death and cardiac death, but not of primary endpoint. High ectopy, prevalence of repeating forms of PVCs, and low coupling interval variability are potentially useful risk markers of fatal or near-fatal arrhythmias after myocardial infarction.

  8. Ectopic adrenocortical adenoma in the renal hilum: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yang; Jiang, Yue-Feng; Wang, Ye-Lin; Cao, Hong-Yi; Wang, Liang; Xu, Hong-Tao; Li, Qing-Chang; Qiu, Xue-Shan; Wang, En-Hua

    2016-04-19

    Ectopic (accessory) adrenocortical tissue, also known as adrenal rests, is a developmental abnormality of the adrenal gland. The most common ectopic site is in close proximity to the adrenal glands and along the path of descent or migration of the gonads because of the close spatial relationship between the adrenocortical primordium and gonadal blastema during embryogenesis. Ectopic rests may undergo marked hyperplasia, and occasionally induce ectopic adrenocortical adenomas or carcinomas. A 27-year-old Chinese female patient who presented with amenorrhea of 3 months duration underwent computed tomography urography after ultrasound revealed a solitary mass in the left renal hilum. Histologically, the prominent eosinophilic tumor cells formed an alveolar- or acinar-like configuration. The immunohistochemical profile (alpha-inhibin+, Melan-A+, synaptophysin+) indicated the adrenocortical origin of the tumor, diagnosed as ectopic adrenocortical adenoma. The patient was alive with no tumor recurrence or metastasis at the 3-month follow-up examination. The unusual histological appearance of ectopic adrenocortical adenoma may result in its misdiagnosis as oncocytoma or clear cell renal cell carcinoma, especially if the specimen is limited. This case provides a reminder to pathologists to be aware of atypical cases of this benign tumor. Although uncommon, an ectopic adrenal lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors involving the renal hilum. A misdiagnosis of this benign condition as a malignant renal tumor may have severe consequences for the patient, including unnecessary radical nephrectomy. Preoperative biopsy and appropriate immunohistochemical staining will assist in determining the origin and nature of the tumor and in avoiding intraoperative uncertainty.

  9. Incidence of Clear Cell Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in Low-Grade Renal Cell Carcinoma Cases: A 12-Year Retrospective Clinicopathologic Study From a Single Cancer Center.

    PubMed

    Gill, Simpal; Kauffman, Eric C; Kandel, Sirisa; George, Saby; Schwaab, Thomas; Xu, Bo

    2016-05-01

    Clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (CCPRCC) is a recently recognized subtype of renal cell carcinoma entity after 2004 World Health Organization classification of renal tumors. CCPRCC has unique histomorphological and immunohistochemical characteristics. The distinction of CCPRCC from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with clear cell morphology is crucial because the former is considered to have a favorable clinical outcome. CCPRCC may be interpreted in the past as other renal cell carcinomas, particularly low-grade clear cell RCC. In this study, the frequency of CCPRCC in previously diagnosed low-grade RCC and its clinicopathologic features were examined. A total of 126 cases of stage T1a with low nuclear grade RCC were identified from 625 consecutive RCCs removed by radical/partial nephrectomy over 12-year period (2000-2011). Archival tissue sections were retrospectively reviewed along with patient medical charts. Eight cases (1.3% of all RCC, 6.3% of pT1a low grade RCC) with characteristic histologic features of CCPRCC were confirmed by immunohistochemical studies. Seven cases were previously diagnosed as clear cell RCC and one as multilocular cystic RCC. Radiographically, CCPRCC favored a mid-pole location in the kidneys. At a median follow-up period of 52 months (range 20-114.5 months), there were no cases of local or distant recurrence. In conclusion, CCPRCC is not uncommon among small low-grade RCC tumors. CCPRCC can be correctly recognized by its unique histomorphological features and confirmed by immunohistochemistry studies, which is important due to the excellent clinical outcome following resection. © The Author(s) 2015.

  10. Grandma's TUM-my Trouble: A Case Study in Renal Physiology and Acid-Base Balance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Ann T.

    2015-01-01

    This case study involves the role of the kidneys in regulating blood pH and electrolytes. The case was used near the end of a two-semester Human Anatomy and Physiology course sequence, during the time when renal physiology was under study. Groups of two to three students were given the case and associated information (lab values, etc.). Students…

  11. Grandma's TUM-my Trouble: A Case Study in Renal Physiology and Acid-Base Balance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Ann T.

    2015-01-01

    This case study involves the role of the kidneys in regulating blood pH and electrolytes. The case was used near the end of a two-semester Human Anatomy and Physiology course sequence, during the time when renal physiology was under study. Groups of two to three students were given the case and associated information (lab values, etc.). Students…

  12. Segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by renal infarction and pancreatic enlargement: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Due to recent advances in imaging diagnostic techniques, there are an increasing number of case reports of segmental arterial mediolysis. However, there are only a limited number of reports on segmental arterial mediolysis-related abnormalities of abdominal organs other than the intestine. This report describes a case of segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by abnormalities of abdominal organs without clinical symptoms. Case presentation A 52-year-old Japanese man with hematuria and no prior medical history was referred to a urologist and was diagnosed as having urinary bladder cancer. He underwent trans-urethral resection of the bladder tumor and intra-vesical instillation therapy, which was followed by observation. During follow-up, although no abdominal symptoms were observed, an abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. A false lumen partially occluded by a thrombus was located distal to this occlusion. The lumen was irregularly shaped with narrow and wide sections. Similar irregularities were also observed in the wall of the inferior mesenteric artery. Arterial dissection with thromboembolism in the left renal artery and renal infarction was also observed. Follow-up computed tomography after two months revealed an enlargement of the pancreatic tail adjacent to the splenic artery. Follow-up three-dimensional computed tomography showed gradual re-expansion of the true lumen of the superior mesenteric artery, improvement in arterial wall irregularities, and a reduction in the pancreas enlargement and renal infarction. Over the following 15 months, these changes gradually normalized. On the basis of the vascular changes in multiple arterial systems that resolved spontaneously, we considered that the lesions were associated with segmental arterial mediolysis. Conclusions We present a rare case of segmental arterial mediolysis accompanied by abnormalities of abdominal organs without clinical

  13. A rare case of TFE-related pigmented renal tumor with overlapping features between melanotic Xp11 translocation renal cancer and Xp11 renal cell carcinoma with melanotic features.

    PubMed

    Cardili, Leonardo; Wrublevsky Pereira, Gregório; Viana, Cristiano Ribeiro

    2017-02-16

    In recent years, an increasing number of TFE3 rearrangement-associated tumors with melanotic features have been reported as primary neoplasm in different anatomical sites, including the kidney. Melanotic Xp11 translocation renal cancer (MXTRC) and Xp11 renal cell carcinoma with melanotic features (XRCCM) have been proposed to be main categories for pigmented lesions in the microophthalmia-associated transcription factor (MiTF/TFE3) family of renal tumors that may show variable degrees of melanocytic differentiation. Herein we report a rare case of TFE3-related pigmented renal tumor showing unusual immunoexpression of cytokeratins (AE1/AE3) and renal cell carcinoma markers (RCC, CD10). Cathepsin-K and Vimentin were diffusely positive whereas melanocytic markers (HMB-45 and Melan-A) displayed weak and patchy expression. We found no labelling for PAX-8, muscle markers (desmin, smooth muscle actin, muscle-specific actin and caldesmon) and S-100. TFE3 fusion was confirmed by break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). This case corroborates previous evidence for overlap in the TFE3-associated cancer family and illustrates that it may not be possible to set a clear cutoff between epithelial (XRCCM) and mesenchymal (MXTRC) subgroups.

  14. A case report of huge perirenal liposarcoma associated with renal cell carcinoma and reviews of three previous cases

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Zhe; Xu, Yuanhong; Long, Jin; Guo, Kejian; Du, Ruixia

    2014-01-01

    Retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RPLS) is a rare malignant tumor yet with a high recurrence rate. It is mostly observed in limbs and during retroperitoneal clearance, and accounts for nearly 40% of all adult retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas [1]. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common cancer developed in urinary system and its occurrence rate accounts for 3% of whole body malignant tumors [2]. In this report, we present a case of large perirenal liposarcoma associated with RCC, which is to date the fourth identified case. We analyzed the clinical pathologic data of this patient and reviewed the other three cases. Compared to the other cases, this patient is diagnosed at the youngest age and the liposarcoma tumor is with the largest diameter. Moreover, we have been following up the patient after operation for the longest time. All of these made this report rare and important. PMID:25550981

  15. Dental Aspect of Distal Tubular Renal Acidosis with Genu Valgum Secondary to Rickets: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Bahadure, Rakesh N.; Thosar, Nilima; Kriplani, Ritika; Baliga, Sudhindra; Fulzele, Punit

    2012-01-01

    Distal renal tubular acidosis is a disease that occurs when the kidneys do not remove acid properly into the urine, leaving the blood too acidic (called acidosis). Distal renal tubular acidosis (type I RTA) is caused by a defect in the kidney tubes that causes acid to build up in the bloodstream. It ultimately results rickets which include chronic skeletal pain, in skeletal deformities, skeletal fractures. Rickets is among the most frequent childhood diseases in many developing countries. Dental problems in rickets include delayed eruption of permanent teeth, premature fall of deciduous teeth, defects in structure of teeth, enamel defects in permanent teeth (hypoplastic), pulp defects, intraglobular dentine, and caries tooth. Herewith, reported a case of distal tubular renal acidosis with genu valgum secondary to rickets, with pain and extraoral swelling associated with right and left mandibular 1st permanent molars. Teeth were infected with pulp without being involved with caries. Radiographically cracks in enamel and dentin were observed. Pulp revascularization with 46 and root canal treatment was done for 36 with followup of 1 year. PMID:22567455

  16. Sarcomatoid Carcinoma of Renal Pelvis with Abundant Heterologous Osteosarcomatous Element: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Guddi Rani; Madhawi, Richa; Kumar, Bipin; Imam, Zeenat Sarmadi

    2017-01-01

    A 47-year-old male presented with haematuria and flank pain for two weeks. Ultrasonography and renal scan revealed a poorly functioning left kidney with multiple calculi. Simple nephrectomy was performed and the specimen revealed a mass in his renal pelvis which showed both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components on microscopy. The sarcomatous component consisted of diffuse pleomorphic osteoblasts with intervening lacy osteoid, giving an osteosarcoma-like appearance. These areas of tumour were strongly positive for vimentin and osteopontin. The carcinomatous component was transitional cell carcinoma. Patchy areas of squamous cell carcinoma which were positive for pancytokeratin on immunostaining were also seen. Few weeks later, the patient presented with metastatic lesions in the sacrum. After nephrectomy, the patient underwent palliative radiotherapy of the spine followed by sunitinib therapy. A month later, there was recurrence at the site of surgery. The patient succumbed to his illness within five months of diagnosis. This report describes an extremely rare case of carcinoma, renal pelvis with predominantly osteosarcomatous areas. PMID:28892918

  17. Multicentric Castleman's disease with renal amyloidosis and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tan, Zhicheng; Wang, Lihua; Wang, Chen; Gao, Lifang; Yang, Yanrong

    2015-01-01

    Renal involvement is a significant complication of multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) and various glomerular involvements have been reported. A 56-year-old Chinese woman presented with proteinuria and skin rash, with lymphadenopathy and hypergammaglobulinemia. Lymph nodes and skin biopsy proven the case was multicentric CD with plasma cell pathological pattern. The renal biopsy was performed and six glomeruli were observed and two of these showed global sclerosis. Moderate increasing of mesangial matrix with mesangial cell proliferation were seen in every glomerulus. In addition, one-segmental sclerosis accompanied by adhesion of the Bowman's capsule was revealed. Two of the glomeruli had crescents formation. Under immunofluorescence microscopy, immunofluorescence for anti-IgA, IgM, C3, C1q and FRA showed coarse and fine granular depositions along capillary walls and sparsely in the mesangium. Staining for anti-IgG was negative. Under electron microscopy revealed indiscriminate amyloidal deposits in glomerular basement membrane. The foot process of glomerular podocytes was fusion. Moderate increasing of mesangial matrix and mesangial cell proliferation were found. Subsequently, she was successfully treated with prednisone combined with cyclophosphamide therapy not only for proteinuria but also for renal function.

  18. A rare case of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma presenting as acute renal failure

    PubMed Central

    Bakrac, Milena; Bonaci, Branka; Krstic, Miodrag; Simic, Sanja; Colovic, Milica

    2006-01-01

    Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATCL) is a high grade, pleomorphic peripheral T-cell lymphoma usually with cytotoxic phenotypes. We describe a first case of patient with EATCL that is remarkable for its fulminant course and invasion of both kidneys manifested as acute renal failure. The patient was a 23 year old woman with a long history of celiac disease. She was presented with acute renal failure and enlarged mononuclear infiltrated kidneys. Diagnosis of tubuloi-nterstitial nephritis and polyserositis was confirmed with consecutive pulse doses of steroid therapy. After reco-very, she had disseminated disease two months later. Magnetic resonance imaging showed thickened intestine wall, extremely augmented kidneys, enlarged intra-abdominal lymph nodes with extra-luminal compression of common bile duct. Laparotomy with mesenterial adipous tissue and lymph glands biopsy was done. Consecutive pathophysiological and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the diagnosis of EATCL: CD45RO+, CD43+, CD3+. The revision of renal pathophysiology sub-stantiated the diagnosis. The patient received chemotherapy, but unfortunately she died manifesting signs of pulmonary embolism caused by tumor cells. PMID:16610043

  19. Ruling out nosocomial transmission of Cryptosporidium in a renal transplantation unit: case report.

    PubMed

    Brunet, J; Lemoine, J P; Pesson, B; Valot, S; Sautour, M; Dalle, F; Muller, C; Borni-Duval, C; Caillard, S; Moulin, B; Pfaff, A W; Razakandrainibe, R; Abou-Bacar, A; Favennec, L; Candolfi, E

    2016-08-02

    Cryptosporidium spp. is a ubiquitous parasite affecting humans as well as domestic and wild vertebrates, causing diarrhea in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts worldwide. Its transmission occurs primarily by the fecal-oral route. In humans, C. parvum and C. hominis are the most prevalent species, whereas immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals can also be infected by other zoonotic species. Renal transplant patients are prone to develop cryptosporidiosis, which can induce severe and life-threatening diarrhea. We report here a series of nearly concomitant cases of acute symptomatic cryptosporidiosis in three renal transplant patients attending the Strasbourg University Hospital Nephrology Unit. The clinical presentation was persistent diarrhea and acute renal failure. The diagnosis was confirmed by microscopic stool examination using a modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method and species identification by molecular tools. All patients were treated with nitazoxanide and recovered from diarrhea after 14 days of therapy. Genotypic species identification was not consistent with an epidemic context, thus underlining the need for genotyping to monitor at risk patients.

  20. Aneurysms of the renal arteries associated with segmental arterial mediolysis in a case of polyarteritis nodosa.

    PubMed

    Soga, Yoshiko; Nose, Masato; Arita, Norimasa; Komori, Hiroaki; Miyazaki, Tatsuhiko; Maeda, Toshiharu; Furuya, Keizo

    2009-03-01

    This is the first report of segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) accompanied with polyarteritis nodosa (PN), and manifesting aneurysms of the renal arteries. A 73-year-old woman was admitted to hospital because of a high fever. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis with increased CRP level in the serum. Myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) and proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA were negative. There were no signs indicating infection or malignancy. After admission renal function rapidly deteriorated. Treatment was then started with daily oral prednisolone and hemodialysis. On the 40th day of hospitalization the patient suddenly became comatose. Cranial CT showed a subarachnoid hemorrhage. The patient died and an autopsy was performed. The pathological findings showed necrotizing vasculitis of the small arteries in various organs, but not associated with that of arterioles or renal glomerular lesions, indicating PN. Unexpectedly, the segmental arteries of the bilateral kidneys showed vascular lesions of dissecting aneurysms, indicating SAM. This case indicates that SAM is one of the causes of aneurysms in PN and is clinically important when the clinical course of PN patients rapidly advances.

  1. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of renal pelvis presenting with iterative hematuria and abdominal pain: A case report

    PubMed Central

    WU, SHUIQING; XU, RAN; ZHAO, HUASHENG; ZHU, XUAN; ZHANG, LEI; ZHAO, XIAOKUN

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare type of mesenchymal tumor, which may affect various organs. The preferential site for IMT in the genitourinary system is the urinary bladder, while the presence of IMT in the kidney, and particularly in the renal pelvis, is rare. In the present report, the case of a 43-year-old man who was admitted to the Department of Urology of The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (Changsha, China) in July 2012, with complaints of iterative gross hematuria and abdominal pain unresponsive to antibiotics is described. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated a slightly enhanced mass in the left renal pelvis of 1.5 cm in diameter. On request of the patient, a left nephrectomy was then performed, based on a suspected diagnosis of renal pelvic carcinoma. However, analysis of the intraoperative fast-frozen section exhibited proliferation of compact spindle cells, suggesting IMT. Therefore, further ureterectomy was avoided, and the patient remained in healthy condition thereafter. PMID:26788220

  2. An unusual case of a patient who lost his native kidneys and renal allograft from cholesterol crystal emboli.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Wasim; Al Garni, Abdulkareem; Abdelgadir, Elbadri; Khamees, Khamess Obeid; Ellouly, Mohammed Ali Ahmed; Haleem, Abdul

    2015-09-01

    Cholesterol crystal emboli (CCE) syndrome involving native kidneys is an underdiagnosed condition. CCE is rare in renal allografts. It may present with acute kidney injury, but usually not acute graft loss. CCE should be considered in patients with a history of atherosclerosis and an invasive arterial procedure who present with acute or chronic renal allograft dysfunction. Therapy for CCE is mainly supportive and carries a high rate of mortality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a patient who lost his native kidneys and renal allograft due to CCE arising from his own vasculature.

  3. Renal transplantation with venous drainage through the superior mesenteric vein in cases of thrombosis of the inferior vena cava.

    PubMed

    Aguirrezabalaga, Javier; Novas, Serafín; Veiga, Francisco; Chantada, Venancio; Rey, Ignacio; Gonzalez, Marcelino; Gomez, Manuel

    2002-08-15

    Renal transplantation usually is performed by placing the graft in the iliac fossa, anastomosing the renal vein to the iliac vein or, when this is not possible, to the vena cava. When vascular complications occur, particularly on the venous side, the position of the graft may have to be changed. This report describes orthotopic renal grafts and positioning of the organ with anastomosis to the splenic vessels. Venous drainage was established directly into the mesenteric-portal territory, with two cases to the portal vein and one to the inferior mesenteric vein. A new technique for the venous drainage of the renal graft is shown. We have used this model in two cases of infrarenal inferior vena cava thrombosis. The kidney was located in a retroperitoneal position, with venous drainage to the superior mesenteric vein through an orifice in the posterior peritoneum.

  4. Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for a patient with sigmoid colon cancer and crossed-fused renal ectopia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nakai, Nozomu; Yamaguchi, Tomohiro; Kinugasa, Yusuke; Shiomi, Akio; Tomioka, Hiroyuki; Kagawa, Hiroyasu; Yamakawa, Yushi; Sato, Sumito

    2015-03-01

    Crossed-fused renal ectopia (CFRE) is a very rare congenital renal malformation. This condition comprises several anatomic anomalies, including unilateral ureteral intersection of the midline, anteriorly-placed renal pelvises, and aberrant renal blood vessels, all of which increase the difficulty of colectomy. This report describes a case of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with sufficient lymphadenectomy for a patient with sigmoid colon cancer and left-sided L-shaped CFRE. Preoperative computed tomography demonstrated that the origin of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) was free from anomalies and that the tumor did not invade surrounding organs. Therefore, we planned conventional laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy with D3 lymphadenectomy. Division of IMA at its origin and anterior colon resection was successfully performed by careful mobilization of the mesocolon to avoid exposing the retroperitoneal organs. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of laparoscopic colectomy for a patient with CFRE. Sufficient preoperative assessment of anatomic anomalies enabled successful surgery.

  5. Spontaneous rupture of a giant renal angiomyolipoma—Wunderlich’s syndrome: Report of a case

    PubMed Central

    Chronopoulos, Panagiotis Nikolaos; Kaisidis, Georgios Nikolaos; Vaiopoulos, Christos Konstantinos; Perits, Dragana Milosav; Varvarousis, Michail Nikolaos; Malioris, Apostolos Vasilios; Pazarli, Elissabeth; Skandalos, Ioannis Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Herein we present a rare case of pontaneous rupture of a giant renal angiomyolipoma (AML), with symptoms of hypovolemic shock (Wunderlich’s syndrome), which was managed by urgent total nephrectomy. Presentation of case A 53 year old female was transferred to the emergency room with progressive acute painful swelling of the left lateral abdominal area, duration of 5 h. An emergent ultrasonic examination, revealed a heterogeneous—solid mass with maximum diameter of 23 cm, with probable origin from the left kidney. Due to worsening of the clinical status (hypovolemic shock), loss of consciousness and acute drop of haematocrit level to 17.8%, the patient was urgently intubated in the emergency room and transferred to the operating theater. A giant haemorrhagic mass was found originating from the left kidney, which removed en-block with the left kidney. The patient was transferred to the intensive care unit. Her recovery was uneventful. The histopathologic examination revealed a giant renal angiomyolipoma (25 × 18 × 8 cm) with extensive bleeding. Discussion Enlarged renal AMLs can rupture. This can be sudden and painful with manifestations of hypovolemic shock. The management of AMLs has been correlated with symptoms. Patients with life-threatening retroperitoneal haemorrhage, require urgent exploration as retroperitoneal bleeding can lead to severe complications, increasing morbidity. Conclusion In case of giant angiomyolipoma with intratumoral haemorrhage, and symptoms of Wunderlich’s syndrome, partial or total nephrectomy is a good treatment option in order to save the patient’s life. PMID:26764888

  6. [Contribution of endoscopic ultrasound to the diagnosis of pancreatic metastases from renal carcinoma. Apropos of two cases].

    PubMed

    Repiso, Alejandro; Gómez-Rodríguez, Rafael; Aso, Sonsoles; Domper, Francisco; Buendía, Encarnación; González de Frutos, Concepción; Pérez-Grueso, María José; Rodríguez-Merlo, Rufo; Carrobles, José María

    2007-03-01

    Pancreatic metastases represent 2% of pancreatic tumors. The neoplasms most frequently metastasizing to the pancreas are breast, lung, melanoma and kidney tumors. We present the cases of two patients with pancreatic metastases from renal carcinoma diagnosed 4 and 8 years after the diagnosis and surgical treatment of the primary renal tumor. In both patients, endoscopic ultrasound was useful in the detection and characterization of these pancreatic lesions and allowed fine-needle aspiration for cytological study to be performed.

  7. Prevalence of Intestinal Protozoa among Saudi Patients with Chronic Renal Failure: A Case-Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Hawash, Yousry A.; Dorgham, Laila Sh.; Amir, El-Amir M.; Sharaf, Osama F.

    2015-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that chronic renal failure (CRF) predisposes patients to infection with intestinal protozoa. We tested this hypothesis with a matched case-control study to determine the prevalence of these protozoa and their diarrhea associated symptoms among 50 patients with CRF (cases) from Taif, western Saudi Arabia. Fifty diarrheal patients without CRF were recruited in the study as controls. Participants were interviewed by a structured questionnaire and stool samples were collected. Samples were thoroughly examined with microscopy and three coproantigens detection kits. Enteric protozoa were detected in 21 cases and 14 controls. Blastocystis spp. were the most predominant parasite (16% in cases versus 8% in controls), followed by Giardia duodenalis (10% in cases versus 12% in controls) and Cryptosporidium spp. (10% in cases versus 6% in controls). Cyclospora cayetanensis was identified in two cases, while Entamoeba histolytica was described in one case and one control. Intestinal parasitism was positively associated with the male gender, urban residence, and travel history. Clinical symptoms of nausea/vomiting and abdominal pain were significantly varied between the parasitized cases and controls (P value ≤ 0.05). Given the results, we recommend screening all diarrheal feces for intestinal protozoa in the study's population, particularly those with CRF. PMID:26491455

  8. Rhodococcus equi Sepsis in a Renal Transplant Recipient: A Case Study

    PubMed Central

    Macken, Eline; de Jonge, Hylke; Van Caesbroeck, Daniël; Verhaegen, Jan; Van Kerkhoven, Dana; Van Wijngaerden, Eric; Kuypers, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Rhodococcus equi is an unusual cause of infection in humans, but has emerged as an opportunistic pathogen among immunocompromised patients. Primary pulmonary involvement is the most common clinical presentation, although the spectrum of disease is broad. Diagnosing R. equi infections remains challenging, both from clinical and microbiological view, and no standard treatment has been established. In this report, we present a detailed case of a 57-year-old male renal transplant recipient who developed R. equi bacteremia with a concomitant Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. We describe the clinical features of R. equi infections, highlight the importance of an early diagnosis, and briefly review treatment options for this rare infection. PMID:27500216

  9. Prophylaxis and treatment of Chagas disease in renal transplant donor and recipient: case report.

    PubMed

    Ortiz, A M; Troncoso, P; Sainz, M; Vilches, S

    2010-01-01

    Chagas disease is a prevalent zoonosis in Latin America, caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by Triatoma infestans. Part of the infectious cycle consists of chronic subclinical parasitemia, causing in the long term end-organ damage. Amastigotes have been isolated from various organs including native and allograft renal parenchyma; thus, transplantation plus immunosuppression therapy is another mode of disease transmission and reactivation. Herein, we report 2 successful kidney transplantations cases in which either infection or reactivation was averted using prophylactic nitroderivates.

  10. Widespread erosive tinea corporis by Arthroderma benhamiae in a renal transplant recipient: case report.

    PubMed

    Budihardja, Debby; Freund, Viviane; Mayser, Peter

    2010-11-01

    Superficial fungal infections are expected to be more prevalent in renal transplant recipients because of graft-preserving immunosuppressive therapy. Here we report the case of a 45-year-old patient with widespread erosive tinea corporis transmitted by domestic animals. Sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region identified Arthroderma benhamiae (teleomorph of Trichophyton mentagrophytes) in the patient, her husband and her domestic animals. A combination therapy with systemic terbinafine hydrochloride and topically applied ciclopiroxolamine was successful. © 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  11. [Legionnaires' disease complicated by rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure: about a case].

    PubMed

    Bac, Arnaud; Ramadan, Ahmed Sabry; Youatou, Pierre; Mols, Pierre; Cerf, Dominique; Ngatchou, William

    2016-01-01

    Legionnaires' disease is a bacterial disease of the respiratory system caused by a gram-negative germ whose clinical manifestation can be benign limiting to flu-like syndrome or can be more severe being characterized by pneumonia which may be complicated by multisystem disease that can lead to death. We report the case of a 48 year-old patient with rhabdomyolysis complicated by acute renal failure following Legionella pneumophila pneumonia. We here highlight the pathophysiological aspects and treatment of this rare complication during Legionella infection.

  12. Renal cell carcinoma presenting as exfoliative dermatitis (erythroderma) - a case report.

    PubMed

    Yan, Keqiang; Liu, Cheng; Xu, Zhonghua; Liu, Zhaoxu; Wang, Kun; Jiang, Yuliang; Fan, Yidong

    2013-07-01

    Many kinds of malignant disorders present as exfoliative dermatitis (erythroderma), however, coincident clearcell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and erythroderma has not been reported. A case of synchronous erythroderma and ccRCC in a 57-year-old man is presented presented here. After the diagnosis of the kidney bulk through CT, the patient had a transperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, and the syndrome of the erythroderma disappeared after the surgery. The experience of the current patient suggests that the syndrome of erythroderma may resolve spontaneously after radical nephrotomy.

  13. Associations between kidney position and surplus renal arteries in horseshoe kidney: case report and analysis.

    PubMed

    Narita, Hirokazu; Tani, Toshiki; Tonosaki, Yoshikazu

    2012-01-01

    We report the anatomical findings of a case of horseshoe kidney, and analyze the associations between kidney position and surplus renal arteries in horseshoe kidneys found in Japanese autopsies in the past. The horseshoe kidney of our case fused at the lower poles of the original kidneys. Its right and left upper poles were at the middle region of the first and second lumbar vertebrae, respectively. The kidney was supplied by eight arteries. Our analysis of the correlation between the ascent of a horseshoe kidney and the number of surplus arteries found no significant association. However, there was a significant association between the region of the kidney where the surplus arteries entered and the location where they diverged from the aorta. Therefore, the ascent of a horseshoe kidney is not necessarily arrested because of the existence of many surplus arteries. After a horseshoe kidney partially ascends, the arteries which might become normal renal arteries are generated. In our case, we observed large splenomegaly, and noted that the left upper pole was the lowest compared with the horseshoe kidneys in the past autopsy reports. We suggest it is necessary to consider additional influences that determine the position of a horseshoe kidney.

  14. Predictors and risk factors for recurrent scleroderma renal crisis in the kidney allograft: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Pham, Phuong-Thu T; Pham, Phuong-Chi T; Danovitch, Gabriel M; Gritsch, H Albin; Singer, Jennifer; Wallace, William D; Hayashi, Rick; Wilkinson, Alan H

    2005-10-01

    Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) can lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and subsequent need for dialysis and/or renal transplantation. We review all reported cases of renal transplantations in scleroderma patients from PubMed search, present UNOS data on transplant outcomes, and identify predictors for allograft SRC. Of the five cases with recurrent SRC, all developed ESRD within a year of onset of native kidney SRC, whereas none of those who developed ESRD more than 1-2 years after the onset of SRC developed recurrence. Anemia preceded allograft SRC in two cases, pericardial effusion in one, and skin tightening in two others. UNOS data (October 1987-July 2004) documented 260 transplants performed for the renal diagnosis of scleroderma, with a 5-year graft survival rate of 56.7%. The risk for allograft SRC recurrence appears to correlate with early native renal function loss following the onset of SRC. Recurrent SRC in the allograft may be heralded by multiple clinical markers known to be predictive of severe scleroderma, including progression of diffuse skin thickening, new-onset anemia and cardiac complications.

  15. Delayed onset of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome in a case of scleroderma renal crisis with maintenance hemodialysis

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ching-Yang; Hung, Shin-Yuan; Lee, Yi-Jer; Lin, Yi-Chan; Pai, Chu-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: In some cases, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is not easily distinguishable from other thrombotic microangiopathies such as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, especially when the presentation includes neurological or extra-renal manifestations. Here, we present a case of SRC who developed a rare neurotoxic complication, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). A 36-year-old man with a history of diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis developed SRC and acute-on-chronic renal failure and ultimately required maintenance hemodialysis. Three weeks after starting hemodialysis, the patient presented with confusion and a new-onset seizure disorder. Laboratory examinations revealed thrombocytopenia, a low haptoglobin level, and schizocytes on a blood smear. SRC-related PRES was considered first after PRES was confirmed by brain magnetic resonance imaging. Antihypertensive therapy comprising captopril and amlodipine was administered, and the patient experienced a complete neurological recovery 3 days later without plasma exchange. In all previously reported cases of SRC-associated PRES, PRES developed before hemodialysis. Our report is, therefore, the first to describe a case of onset of SRC-related PRES 3 weeks after the initiation of maintenance hemodialysis. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that microangiopathy and extra-renal manifestations can develop even in SRC patients with end-stage renal disease and that these manifestations can be successfully managed with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and aggressive blood pressure control. We recommend continuing ACEI therapy if elevated blood pressure persists after maintenance hemodialysis. PMID:28033278

  16. Percutaneous coronary intervention as a bridge to renal transplantation in a patient with end-stage renal disease--a case report.

    PubMed

    Safi, A M; Kwan, T; Rachko, M; Salciccioli, L; Clark, L T

    2000-05-01

    Renal transplantation is one of the preferred modes of replacement therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and renal transplant recipients. The authors describe a patient with end-stage renal disease who developed unstable angina before renal transplantation. Emergent cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention served as a bridge to his successful renal transplantation without complications.

  17. Cryptococcal necrotizing fasciitis in a patient after renal transplantation--a case report.

    PubMed

    Yoneda, T; Itami, Y; Hirayama, A; Saka, T; Yoshida, K; Fujimoto, K

    2014-01-01

    A 50-year-old man, who had received an ABO-incompatible living related preemptive renal transplantation 1 year before, presented with painful lesions on both lower extremities and fever. At first, bacterial cellulitis was suspected and antibiotic therapy was initiated, but it was not effective. The serum cryptococcal antigen titer was 1:4,098, and pathologic examination of debrided tissue and wound pus culture revealed cryptococcal necrotizing fasciitis. Liposomal amphotericin B and fluconazole were started, and repeated debridement and skin grafting were performed. Because his graft function deteriorated because of antibody-mediated rejection and polyoma viral nephropathy, hemodialysis was induced on day 9 of hospitalization. During the treatment, he suffered repeated urinary tract infections, which were treated with antibiotics, and cytomegalovirus retinopathy, which was treated with ganciclovir. His cryptococcal necrotizing fasciitis was successfully cured by the combination of antimicrobial treatment and surgical procedures. He could walk with a cane and was discharged on day 298 of hospitalization. Cryptococcal necrotizing fasciitis in renal transplant recipients is so rare that only 14 cases have been reported. The mortality is not very high, but the prognosis of the patient is complicated by worsening of the cryptococcal infection of the central nervous system (CNS). Early detection and treatment to prevent spreading to other sites, especially the CNS or disseminated disease, is very important in cases of cryptococcal necrotizing fasciitis.

  18. Severe perioperative bleeding in renal cell carcinoma after elective pericardiocentesis associated left ventricular puncture: case report.

    PubMed

    Lasala, Javier; Patino, Miguel Alejandro; Mena, Gabriel; Vachhani, Shital; Moon, Teresa; Bui, Thao; Tsai, January

    2016-07-12

    In the United States during the year 2015, approximately 61,560 patients are expected to be diagnosed with kidney cancer and 14,080 to die from the disease. We present the case of a patient with renal cell carcinoma who suffered severe perioperative bleeding and coagulopathy after emergency sternotomy. We also engage in relevant aspects of perioperative anesthesia care including the considerations and management of coagulopathy, liver failure and renal failure in the oncologic patient. The case is a 49-year-old man with vena cava tumor thrombus who underwent radiologic tumor embolization, left radical nephrectomy, and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombectomy. Postoperatively, he developed sepsis, multiple organ failure, and a pericardial effusion requiring pericardiocentesis. During pericardiocentesis, he suffered an iatrogenic left entricular perforation, requiring an emergency sternotomy and left ventricular repair. Cancer patients are often challenging for surgical and anesthesia teams, emergency care requires an organized and comprehensive approach. The use of recombinant factor VIIa NovoSeven can help in managing severe postoperative bleeding after cardiothoracic surgery in oncologic patients, but further studies should be done to confirm this.

  19. A case of sodium chlorite toxicity managed with concurrent renal replacement therapy and red cell exchange.

    PubMed

    Romanovsky, Adam; Djogovic, Dennis; Chin, Dat

    2013-03-01

    Sodium chlorite is a powerful oxidizing agent with multiple commercial applications. We report the presentation and management of a single case of human toxicity of sodium chlorite. A 65-year-old man presented to hospital after accidentally ingesting a small amount of a sodium chlorite solution. His principal manifestations were mild methemoglobinemia, severe oxidative hemolysis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and anuric acute kidney injury. He was managed with intermittent hemodialysis, followed by continuous venovenous hemofiltration for management of acute kidney injury and in an effort to remove free plasma chlorite. Concurrently, he underwent two red cell exchanges, as well as a plasma exchange, to reduce the burden of red cells affected by chlorite. These interventions resulted in the cessation of hemolysis with stabilization of serum hemoglobin and platelets. The patient survived and subsequently recovered normal renal function. This is only the second case of sodium chlorite intoxication reported in the medical literature and the first to report the use of renal replacement therapy in combination with red cell exchange in its management.

  20. A collision tumor of papillary renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Goyal, Rajen; Parwani, Anil V; Gellert, Lan; Hameed, Omar; Giannico, Giovanna A

    2015-11-01

    The most common renal neoplasms include clear cell, chromophobe, and papillary renal cell carcinomas (PRCCs) and oncocytomas. While lesions containing hybrid features of different tumor types, such as hybrid oncocytic tumors, have been well documented in the literature, the finding of a collision tumor of two distinct tumor types- PRCC and oncocytoma-is extremely rare. We present a case of PRCC associated with an oncocytoma. Our discussion includes a review of the available literature on this rare type of collision tumor. Prosection of a partial nephrectomy performed in a 78-year-old man for painless gross hematuria and nocturia revealed a 6.4 × 5 × 3.6-cm well-delineated orange to yellow-tan mass harboring a white-tan 1 × 0.9 × 0.9-cm mass. Histologic diagnosis of PRCC associated with an oncocytoma was rendered. By immunohistochemistry, focal CK7 expression was present in the oncocytoma, while strong diffuse positive CK7 expression was present in the PRCC component. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed trisomy 17 in 39.3% of PRCC tumor nuclei but no significant chromosomal aberration in oncocytoma. In view of this and previously reported cases, thorough sectioning and examination, especially in large oncocytomas, is recommended to exclude the presence of an associated malignancy. To our knowledge, trisomy 17 by FISH has not been previously reported in these extremely rare tumors. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.

  1. Secondary brain abscess following simple renal cyst infection: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common causative bacteria of neonatal meningitis, but hematogenous intracranial E. coli infection is rare in adults. Moreover, intracranial abscess formation owing to E. coli, including brain abscesses and subdural empyema formation, is extremely rare. We herein present a case involving a patient with a brain abscess owing to E. coli following a simple renal cyst infection. A review of the literature is also presented. Case presentation A 77-year-old Japanese woman with a history of polymyalgia rheumatica was admitted to our hospital because of persistent fever, right flank pain, and pyuria. Intravenous antibiotics were administered; however, her level of consciousness deteriorated 6 days after admission. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a brain abscess in the left occipital lobe and pyogenic ventriculitis. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography revealed a right renal cyst with heterogeneous content. Culture of urine, blood, and aspirated pus from the infected cyst revealed E. coli with identical antibiotic sensitivity in all sites, suggesting that the cyst infection and subsequent bacteremia might have caused the brain abscess. The patient recovered after a 6-week course of meropenem. Conclusion The prognosis of patients with E. coli-associated intracranial abscess is usually poor. Advanced age and immunosuppression may be potent risk factors for intracranial abscess formation owing to the hematogenous spread of E. coli. PMID:24934996

  2. Pulmonary-renal syndrome in systemic sclerosis: a report of three cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Naniwa, Taio; Banno, Shogo; Sugiura, Yoshiki; Yokota, Kaori; Oosawa, Tomoyo; Maeda, Shinji; Hayami, Yoshihito; Takahashi, Nobuyuki; Ueda, Ryuzo; Matsumoto, Yoshifuji

    2007-01-01

    We describe three cases of acute renal failure with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, which is designated pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS), in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and review the literature to better define this rare but severe complication of SSc. The clinical course of three SSc patients with acute renal failure and concomitant diffuse alveolar hemorrhage are reported, and the literature published between 1967 and 2005 is reviewed following a PubMed search. Including our cases, a total of 19 SSc patients with acute renal failure and concomitant diffuse alveolar hemorrhage have been reported. Pulmonary-renal syndrome developing in SSc patients can be categorized clinicopathologically into three entities: PRS with thrombotic microangiopathy, PRS with small vessel vasculitides accompanied with SSc, and d-penicillamine-induced Goodpasture-like syndrome. Patients with scleroderma PRS with thrombotic microangiopathy, to which group our all patients belong, often developed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage after receiving high-dose corticosteroid therapy. Pulmonary-renal syndrome is a fatal complication of SSc and results from different pathogenic processes. Prompt differential diagnosis between the subsets is critical, because therapeutic strategy may differ in the use of high-dose corticosteroid and plasma exchange between the subsets of PRS. Clinical courses of the patients with PRS with thrombotic microangiopathy suggest that high-dose corticosteroid therapy is a trigger of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in patients with diffuse SSc with signs of thrombotic microangiopathy.

  3. Acute renal failure after high-dose antibiotic bone cement: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    James, Alexia; Larson, Trent

    2015-07-01

    High-dose antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC) spacers are commonly used to treat prosthetic joint infections following total hip and knee arthroplasties. This methodology can provide high local antibiotic concentrations while minimizing systemic exposure and toxicity. The occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is rarely reported. Available literature suggests that the rate may be higher than previously thought. We report a case of significant systemic tobramycin absorption with concomitant acute renal failure in a 69-year-old female following the implantation of a high-dose ALBC spacer containing both tobramycin and vancomycin. The tobramycin level 24 h post-surgery was 5.8 mcg/mL. Due to concomitant renal failure, antibiotic clearance was poor and resulted in prolonged exposure to elevated aminoglycoside levels. Recovery of renal function occurred, but clinicians should be vigilant in considering the potential impact ALBC spacers can have on post-operative renal function if antibiotic elution is higher than expected.

  4. Medullary sponge kidney presenting in a neonate with distal renal tubular acidosis and failure to thrive: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Medullary sponge kidney is a congenital anomaly characterized by diffuse ectasy of the collecting tubules of one or both kidneys. It is usually diagnosed in the second or third decade of life. Case presentation Distal renal tubular acidosis is commonly observed in patients with medullary sponge kidney. We describe here a 50-day-old Egyptian Caucasian girl with medullary sponge kidney who had features of distal renal tubular acidosis, (persistent alkaline urine, hypercalciuria, hypocitraturia) and failure to thrive. Renal ultrasound revealed left renal increased medullary echogenicity and bilateral nephrocalcinosis. Conclusion Early gene(s) expression of medullary sponge kidney disease might be responsible for persistent metabolic acidosis during the neonatal period. PMID:19830120

  5. Renal arteriography

    MedlinePlus

    Renal angiogram; Angiography - kidney; Renal angiography; Renal artery stenosis - arteriography ... an artery by a blood clot Renal artery stenosis Renal cell cancer Angiomyolipomas (noncancerous tumors of the ...

  6. "Mucin"-secreting papillary renal cell carcinoma: clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis of seven cases.

    PubMed

    Pivovarcikova, Kristyna; Peckova, Kvetoslava; Martinek, Petr; Montiel, Delia Perez; Kalusova, Kristyna; Pitra, Tomas; Hora, Milan; Skenderi, Faruk; Ulamec, Monika; Daum, Ondrej; Rotterova, Pavla; Ondic, Ondrej; Dubova, Magdalena; Curik, Romuald; Dunatov, Ana; Svoboda, Tomas; Michal, Michal; Hes, Ondrej

    2016-07-01

    Mucin and mucin-like material are features of mucinous tubular and spindle renal cell carcinoma (MTS RCC) but are rarely seen in papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). We reviewed 1311 PRCC and identified 7 tumors containing extracellular and/or intracellular mucinous/mucin-like material (labeled as PRCCM). We analyzed these using morphological, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic methods (arrayCGH, FISH). Clinical data were available for six of the seven patients (five males and one female, age range 61-78 years). Follow-up was available for four patients (2-4 years); one patient died of widespread metastases. Tumor size ranged from 3 to 5 cm (mean 3.8). Of all cases, histological architecture showed a predominantly papillary pattern. Mucin or mucin-like was extracellular in one, intracellular in three, and both intra/extracellular in three cases. All tumors were positive for AMACR, vimentin, and OSCAR, while CK7 was positive in four. Mucicarmine stain was positive in all cases, PAS in six and Alcian blue in three cases. Five tumors were positive for MUC 1, but none were positive for MUC 2, MUC 4, or MUC 6. In only four cases, genetic analysis could be performed. Gain of chromosomes 7 and 17 was found in two cases; gain of 17 only was found in one case. Loss of heterozygosity of 3p was found in one case together with polysomy of chromosomes 7 and 17. No abnormalities of VHL, fumarate dehydrogenase, and TFE3 genes were detected. We conclude that PRCCM is a rare but challenging subtype of RCC that deserves to be further studied. In all the tumors, the mucin-like material was found in those stained with mucicarmin, but other conventional and immunohistochemical stains did not reveal consistent features of a single mucin. The molecular-genetic profile of these tumors was most consistent with that of typical papillary RCC, although one case had mixed genetic features of papillary and clear RCC. PRCCM has metastatic potential, as evidenced by

  7. Palmaria palmata (Dulse) as an unusual maritime aetiology of hyperkalemia in a patient with chronic renal failure: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Hyperkalemia is rare in individuals with normal renal function, regardless of dietary intake. This is due to the ability of the kidneys to adapt to increasing serum potassium concentrations. In patients with renal compromise, potassium homeostasis can become impaired. Palmaria palmata (dulse) is an edible seaweed known to be very rich in potassium. We report a case of hyperkalemia precipitated by the consumption of dulse by a patient with known renal disease. Case Presentation A 66-year-old Caucasian woman with diabetes and chronic renal disease presented to our emergency department with nausea, vomiting, and worsening malaise, which had been present for less than a day. She had undergone electrocardiogram monitoring, which showed bradycardia, and periods of asystole. Our patient denied any other symptoms. Laboratory analysis revealed a serum potassium level of 8.6 mmol/L (normal range 3.5 to 4.9 mmol/L). Although our patient was taking some medications known to influence renal function, the only recent change that she could recount was that she had consumed approximately 200 g of dulse within the preceding 24 hours. A diagnosis of hyperkalemia was made, and the patient was treated successfully, and discharged home in her pre-morbid state. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published report of hyperkalemia due to dulse consumption. Dulse is high in potassium, with concentrations upwards of 34 times greater than that found in bananas. Caution should be taken in prescribing medications with potential adverse renal effects for patients with known renal impairment. In such instances, renal function should be monitored closely. Patients should be counseled to avoid dietary sources high in potassium, with particular attention paid to unusual geographical dietary variations. PMID:20825630

  8. Simultaneous Bilateral Femur Neck Fracture in A Young Adult with Chronic Renal Failure- A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    V, Sathyanarayana; Patel, Maulik Tulsibhai; S, Raghavan; D, Naresh

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Pathological bilateral femoral neck fracture due to renal osteodystrophy is rare. This is a report of a chronic renal failure patient who had sustained bilateral intra-capsular displaced fracture neck of femur following an episode of convulsion and the difficulties encountered in early diagnosis and treatment. The pathophysiology of renal osteodystrophy and the treatment of hip fractures in patients with renal failure are also discussed. Case Report: A 23 years old male patient admitted with h/o dysuria, pyuria and loss of appetite since 3 months. He was a known case of chronic renal failure and reflux nephropathy. On investigating, patient’s renal parameters were high and he was started with haemodialysis. The next day patient had c/o bilateral hip pain and inability to move bilateral lower limbs following an episode of seizure. Radiograph of pelvis showed vertical sub capital fractures of bilateral neck of femur. In this patient, considering his age, general condition & prognosis, an elective surgery in the form of bilateral uncemented modular bipolar hemiarthroplasty was done. Conclusion: Overall risk of hip fracture among patients with chronic renal failure is considerably higher than in the general population, independent of age and gender. Simultaneous spontaneous bilateral fractures of the femoral neck are rare and a delayed diagnosis is usual. The study of etiological factors of these fractures is essential to guide us in choosing the treatment of choice. Obviously patient’s age, life expectancy as well as renal co morbidity has an influence over deciding treatment and outcome. PMID:27299091

  9. Legionnaire's Disease and Acute Renal Failure: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Boucree, Michael C.

    1988-01-01

    A case report is presented of a young man admitted to a general hospital with leukocytosis, elevated temperature, right lower lobe infiltrate, and confusion. A diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure, and Legionnaire's disease was made. The patient subsequently had a respiratory arrest and died on the 29th hospital day. This triad is currently an enigma in the field of internal medicine. The diagnosis of each entity is elusive, and in many cases must be made by the astute clinician. Diagnostic features along with early intervention measures and their expected outcomes are discussed. Recognition of the interrelationship of these diseases, risk factors, and vague clinical presentations might allow further prospective intervention methods and diagnostic procedures to be undertaken to avoid the fatal consequences seen in this disease triad. PMID:3074172

  10. A Challenging Case of Rapid Progressive Kaposi Sarcoma After Renal Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Reuter, Stefan; Vrachimis, Alexis; Huss, Sebastian; Wardelmann, Eva; Weckesser, Mathias; Pavenstädt, Hermann

    2014-01-01

    Abstract De-novo malignancy is a serious posttransplant complication. While the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is low, the time for its diagnosis is early after renal transplantation. Typically, it can be identified because of the classical skin lesion. We herein report an unusual case of rapid progressive KS without skin lesions in a 52-year-old patient leading to death within 8 months after kidney transplantation. This striking case illustrates the usefulness of [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for demonstrating the cause of unexplained deterioration of patient’s condition. Early identification of KS is critical because early (modification of) therapy can substantially improve patient’s prognosis. PMID:25192485

  11. Anaplasic lymphoma kinase positive inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour with renal pelvic calculus: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Elfatemi, Hinde; Laila, Chbani; Znati, Kaoutar; Tazi, Mohamed Fadl; Tazi, Elmehdi; Farih, Moulay Hassan; Amarti, Afaf

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour is a distinctive mesenchymal neoplasm, composed of a variable admixture of myofibroblastic spindle-shaped and inflammatory cells which were originally described in the lung, as a nonneoplastic lesion and designated as an inflammatory pseudotumour. The lack of certainty of the IMTs pathogenesis is reflected in the large number of terms which have been attributed to this lesion. Recent genetic and molecular studies of IMTs have showed chromosomal abnormalities of 2p23 resulting in a rearrangement of the anaplasic lymphoma kinase gene and have also provided evidence for a monoclonal, noeplastic origin for IMT.Occurrence of IMT in the kidney is very rare, and to our knowledge, only 30 such cases have been described in the literature.This report describes an original case of an ALK positive IMT of the kidney associated with renal pelvic calculus which we believe has never been reported. The differential diagnosis of IMTs will also be discussed. PMID:19918581

  12. The MURCS Association: Mullerian Duct Aplasia, Renal Hypoplasia and Cervicothoracic Somite Dysplasia - A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Akhter, N; Begum, B N; Newaz, M

    2015-07-01

    We report on a 22 years old lady with aplasia of uterus and most of the vagina with normal secondary sexual characteristics, unilateral renal hypoplasia and anomalies of cervico throacic somites (MURCS Association), growth retardation, cardiac defect and congenital urethrovaginal fistula. Although there is a broad spectrum of anomalies described with MURCS association genitourinary fistula is not yet reported and reviewed in published articles. The relevance of this paper is to show the importance of further investigation in cases of primary amenorrhoea with mullerian agenesis to establish that the patient has MURCS association and not simply MRKH (Mayer Rokitansky-Kusterhauser Syndrome) syndrome. Consequently we should provide guidance to the patients and their families about the best way to conduct the case including genetic counseling and family screening.

  13. Anaplasic lymphoma kinase positive inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour with renal pelvic calculus: a case report.

    PubMed

    Elfatemi, Hinde; Laila, Chbani; Znati, Kaoutar; Tazi, Mohamed Fadl; Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Elmehdi; Farih, Moulay Hassan; Amarti, Afaf

    2009-08-21

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour is a distinctive mesenchymal neoplasm, composed of a variable admixture of myofibroblastic spindle-shaped and inflammatory cells which were originally described in the lung, as a nonneoplastic lesion and designated as an inflammatory pseudotumour. The lack of certainty of the IMTs pathogenesis is reflected in the large number of terms which have been attributed to this lesion. Recent genetic and molecular studies of IMTs have showed chromosomal abnormalities of 2p23 resulting in a rearrangement of the anaplasic lymphoma kinase gene and have also provided evidence for a monoclonal, noeplastic origin for IMT.Occurrence of IMT in the kidney is very rare, and to our knowledge, only 30 such cases have been described in the literature.This report describes an original case of an ALK positive IMT of the kidney associated with renal pelvic calculus which we believe has never been reported. The differential diagnosis of IMTs will also be discussed.

  14. [Difficulties in renal osteodystrophy treatment in patient undergoing long-term renal replacement therapy--a case study].

    PubMed

    Jander, Anna; Kałuzyńska, Anna; Tkaczyk, Marcin

    2010-01-01

    Abnormal mineral metabolism and altered bone structure and composition occur early in the course of chronic kidney disease. We present difficulties in renal osteodystrophy treatment in patient undergoing renal replacement therapy for twenty two years (dialysis, transplant, dialysis), which is not in the waiting list for kidney transplant (patient disagreement). Due to failure of conventional therapy of hyperparathyroidism (calcium, phosphate binders, vitamin D) he was needed parathyroidectomy twice. Now he presents a very low PTH level but hyperphosphatemia, hypercalcemia and calcium/phosphate product over upper limit. This disturbances led to extra skeletal calcification (skin, vessels, eyes - "red eyes syndrome", central nervous system). Even now having new phosphate binders we cannot keep plasma phosphate, calcium in normal range, probably due to inadequate diet and non-compliance. Effective therapy is still difficult in this patient.

  15. Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma with liposarcomatous dedifferentiation - report of a unique case

    PubMed Central

    Petersson, Fredrik; Michal, Michal; Franco, Marcello; Hes, Ondrej

    2010-01-01

    Sarcomatous transformation of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (CRCC) is a well recognized phenomenon. Of the published cases with sarcomatous transformation of CRCC, none have shown liposarcomatous differentiation. Out of a cohort of 250 cases of CRCC, 19 (7.6%) showed sarcomatous differentiation. In one case (female, age 46 years), the sarcomatous component of the tumor displayed histological features of a pleomorphic liposar-coma. Light microscopic examination revealed a biphasic pattern with a chromophobe renal cell carcinoma(CRCC) and a high-grade sarcomatous component containing large pleomorphic lipoblasts. In several areas both components were intermingled. The conventional CRCC component showed classic histological features with calcifications, medium-sized polygonal cells arranged in solid-alveolar structures with raisinoid nuclei, pale-eosinophilic flocculent cytoplasm with perinuclear haloes. In addition, a microcystic-adenomatous component had luminal spaces filled with erythrocytes. The CRCC was positive with Hale's colloidal iron-stain whereas the sarcomatous component was negative. The CRCC component was diffusely positive for cytokeratin 7, parvalbumin and racemase but negative for cy-tokeratin 20, vimentin, CD10, carboanhydrase IX and S100-protein. The pleomorphic liposarcomatous component displayed immunereactivity for CD10, vimentin, racemase and focally for carboanhydrase IX. The proliferative activity (Mib-1/Ki-67) was 5% in the CRCC and 30% in the pleomorphic liposarcomatous component. No immunereactivity for MDM2 or CDK4 was detected.This is the first reported case of a sarcomatoid CRCC where the sarcomatous component displayed features of a pleomorphic liposarcoma. The patient died from widespread metastatic disease 12 months after nephrectomy. PMID:20606735

  16. IgG4-related disease: description of a case with pulmonary lesions, mediastinal lymphadenopathies and rapidly progressive renal failure.

    PubMed

    Fernández Lorente, Loreto; Álvarez, Dolores López; López, Virginia García; Kollros, Vesna Abujder; Ariza, Aurelio; Gálvez, Alejandro; Bonet, Josep

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 73-year-old man with new-onset acute renal failure while being investigated for pulmonary infiltrates and mediastinal lymphadenopathies. Urine tests showed tubular range proteinuria with no microhaematuria. Immunology tests showed elevated serum IgG and hypocomplementaemia (classical pathway activation). Renal biopsy and clinical-pathological correlation were crucial in this case, reinforcing their important role in the final diagnosis of acute kidney injury. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  17. Unilateral Congenital Lacrimal Fistula with Renal Agenesis and Pelvic Kidney: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Altun, A.; Kurna, S. A.; Sengor, T.; Altun, G.; Oflaz, A.; Sonmez, H. S.

    2015-01-01

    A 12-year-old boy presented to the clinic of ophthalmology because of watering and discharge from his left lower eyelid. The inspection examination revealed an orifice that was associated with congenital lacrimal fistula (CLF). He underwent a complete ophthalmologic and systemic evaluation to explore possible associated findings. Systemic evaluation revealed multiple renal anomalies: right renal agenesis and left ectopic pelvic kidney. This case is unique because this is the first reported case of CLF accompanied with ectopic pelvic kidney in the literature. PMID:26090250

  18. Unilateral Congenital Lacrimal Fistula with Renal Agenesis and Pelvic Kidney: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Altun, A; Kurna, S A; Sengor, T; Altun, G; Oflaz, A; Sonmez, H S

    2015-01-01

    A 12-year-old boy presented to the clinic of ophthalmology because of watering and discharge from his left lower eyelid. The inspection examination revealed an orifice that was associated with congenital lacrimal fistula (CLF). He underwent a complete ophthalmologic and systemic evaluation to explore possible associated findings. Systemic evaluation revealed multiple renal anomalies: right renal agenesis and left ectopic pelvic kidney. This case is unique because this is the first reported case of CLF accompanied with ectopic pelvic kidney in the literature.

  19. Delusional Infestation in a Patient with Renal Failure, Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Cerebrovascular Disease Treated with Aripiprazole: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Carpiniello, Bernardo; Pinna, Federica; Tuveri, Raffaella

    2011-01-01

    Delusional infestation is an aspecific psychiatric condition manifested either as a primary psychotic disorder or a secondary disorder induced by a wide range of very different medical conditions. Both primary and secondary delusional infestations seem to respond to typical and atypical antipsychotics. The latter are considered the first-line treatment although the use of second-generation antipsychotics featuring a higher metabolic, cardiovascular, and renal tolerability is preferable in secondary cases, which often occur in patients with multiple, severe medical conditions. We report a case of a 72-year-old patient affected by delusional infestation associated with severe renal failure, metabolic syndrome, hypertensive cardiopathy, and chronic cerebrovascular disease. PMID:22174718

  20. Delusional infestation in a patient with renal failure, metabolic syndrome, and chronic cerebrovascular disease treated with aripiprazole: a case report.

    PubMed

    Carpiniello, Bernardo; Pinna, Federica; Tuveri, Raffaella

    2011-01-01

    Delusional infestation is an aspecific psychiatric condition manifested either as a primary psychotic disorder or a secondary disorder induced by a wide range of very different medical conditions. Both primary and secondary delusional infestations seem to respond to typical and atypical antipsychotics. The latter are considered the first-line treatment although the use of second-generation antipsychotics featuring a higher metabolic, cardiovascular, and renal tolerability is preferable in secondary cases, which often occur in patients with multiple, severe medical conditions. We report a case of a 72-year-old patient affected by delusional infestation associated with severe renal failure, metabolic syndrome, hypertensive cardiopathy, and chronic cerebrovascular disease.

  1. An unusual case of Von Hipple Lindau (VHL) syndrome with bilateral multicentric renal cell carcinoma with synchronous solitary urinary bladder metastasis.

    PubMed

    Dogra, Premnath; Kumar, Anup; Singh, Ashutosh

    2007-01-01

    In VHL syndrome, renal cell carcinoma is distinctive for its early age of onset, for its bilateral and multifocal involvement. Synchronous solitary urinary bladder metastasis from renal cell carcinoma is extremely rare. We report an unusual case of VHL with bilateral multicentric renal cell carcinoma and synchronous solitary urinary bladder metastasis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case reported in literature with this combination.

  2. Acute renal failure by ingestion of Cortinarius species confounded with psychoactive mushrooms: a case series and literature survey.

    PubMed

    Frank, H; Zilker, T; Kirchmair, M; Eyer, F; Haberl, B; Tuerkoglu-Raach, G; Wessely, M; Gröne, H-J; Heemann, U

    2009-05-01

    Mushrooms of the Cortinarius species are nephrotoxic and can cause severe acute renal failure. The toxic effect is due to orellanine. It is suspected that the cytotoxic damage is caused by the production of oxygen-free radicals. Renal pathology shows tubular necrosis with interstitial nephritis. In addition to accidental intoxications as a consequence of mushroom meals, recent cases are often due to voluntary abuse of natural drugs like magic mushrooms. We report 4 current cases of acute renal failure from intoxication by Cortinarius species by confusing it with psychoactive fungi. Typical for the Cortinarius poisoning is the long latency period from ingestion until the onset of clinical symptoms (3 - 20 days). Diagnosis is based on microscopical identification of the mushroom spores, and detection of the orellanine toxin in leftover mushrooms. In renal biopsy tissue, orellanine is detectable by thin-layer chromaography technique up to 6 months after poisoning. There is no causative therapy, and treatment is symptomatic with adequate hemodialysis. In cases of otherwise unexplained acute renal failure, intoxication with nephrotoxic mushrooms should be considered.

  3. Differential uptake of Tc-99m DMSA and Tc-99m EC in renal tubular disorders: Report of two cases and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Reddy Gorla, Arun Kumar; Agrawal, Kanhaiyalal; Sood, Ashwani; Bhattacharya, Anish; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai

    2014-01-01

    Tc-99m DMSA and Tc-99m EC studies are invaluable functional imaging modalities for renal structural and functional assessment. Normally, the relative renal function estimated by the two methods correlates well with each other. We here present two patients with renal tubular acidosis who showed impaired/altered DMSA uptake with normal EC renal dynamic study depicting the pitfall of DMSA imaging in tubular disorders. The two presented cases also depict distinct pattern of Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphic findings in patients with proximal and distal renal tubular acidosis, thus highlighting the factors affecting DMSA kinetics. PMID:25210282

  4. Differential uptake of Tc-99m DMSA and Tc-99m EC in renal tubular disorders: Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Reddy Gorla, Arun Kumar; Agrawal, Kanhaiyalal; Sood, Ashwani; Bhattacharya, Anish; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai

    2014-07-01

    Tc-99m DMSA and Tc-99m EC studies are invaluable functional imaging modalities for renal structural and functional assessment. Normally, the relative renal function estimated by the two methods correlates well with each other. We here present two patients with renal tubular acidosis who showed impaired/altered DMSA uptake with normal EC renal dynamic study depicting the pitfall of DMSA imaging in tubular disorders. The two presented cases also depict distinct pattern of Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphic findings in patients with proximal and distal renal tubular acidosis, thus highlighting the factors affecting DMSA kinetics.

  5. Acute renal failure due to abdominal compartment syndrome: report on four cases and literature review.

    PubMed

    de Cleva, R; Silva, F P; Zilberstein, B; Machado, D J

    2001-01-01

    We report on 4 cases of abdominal compartment syndrome complicated by acute renal failure that were promptly reversed by different abdominal decompression methods. Case 1: A 57-year-old obese woman in the post-operative period after giant incisional hernia correction with an intra-abdominal pressure of 24 mm Hg. She was sedated and curarized, and the intra-abdominal pressure fell to 15 mm Hg. Case 2: A 73-year-old woman with acute inflammatory abdomen was undergoing exploratory laparotomy when a hypertensive pneumoperitoneum was noticed. During the surgery, enhancement of urinary output was observed. Case 3: An 18-year-old man who underwent hepatectomy and developed coagulopathy and hepatic bleeding that required abdominal packing, developed oliguria with a transvesical intra-abdominal pressure of 22 mm Hg. During reoperation, the compresses were removed with a prompt improvement in urinary flow. Case 4: A 46-year-old man with hepatic cirrhosis was admitted after incisional hernia repair with intra-abdominal pressure of 16 mm Hg. After paracentesis, the intra-abdominal pressure fell to 11 mm Hg.

  6. Secondary brain abscess following simple renal cyst infection: a case report.

    PubMed

    Akuzawa, Nobuhiro; Osawa, Tenshi; Totsuka, Masayuki; Hatori, Takashi; Imai, Kunihiko; Kitahara, Yonosuke; Kurabayashi, Masahiko

    2014-06-16

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common causative bacteria of neonatal meningitis, but hematogenous intracranial E. coli infection is rare in adults. Moreover, intracranial abscess formation owing to E. coli, including brain abscesses and subdural empyema formation, is extremely rare. We herein present a case involving a patient with a brain abscess owing to E. coli following a simple renal cyst infection. A review of the literature is also presented. A 77-year-old Japanese woman with a history of polymyalgia rheumatica was admitted to our hospital because of persistent fever, right flank pain, and pyuria. Intravenous antibiotics were administered; however, her level of consciousness deteriorated 6 days after admission. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a brain abscess in the left occipital lobe and pyogenic ventriculitis. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography revealed a right renal cyst with heterogeneous content. Culture of urine, blood, and aspirated pus from the infected cyst revealed E. coli with identical antibiotic sensitivity in all sites, suggesting that the cyst infection and subsequent bacteremia might have caused the brain abscess. The patient recovered after a 6-week course of meropenem. The prognosis of patients with E. coli-associated intracranial abscess is usually poor. Advanced age and immunosuppression may be potent risk factors for intracranial abscess formation owing to the hematogenous spread of E. coli.

  7. Silicosis and renal disease: insights from a case of IgA nephropathy

    PubMed Central

    RICCÒ, Matteo; THAI, Elena; CELLA, Simone

    2015-01-01

    A 68-yr-old male, smoker, is admitted for proteinuria (2,800 mg/24 h) and reduced renal function (serum creatinine 2 mg/dl, GFR 35 ml/min). Renter, he started working 20-yr-old as a sandstone cave miner. Despite the high levels of silica dusts, he reported no mandatory use of airways protection devices during the first 25 yr of activity. No clinical or radiological signs of silicosis or pneumoconiosis where reported until the year of retirement (1997). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (91 mm/h) and C reactive protein (35 mg/l) suggested a pro-inflammatory status. High serum IgA was found (465 mg/dl). A renal biopsy identified glomerular sclerosis with IgA deposition, signs of diffuse vasculitis and tubular atrophia suggesting a diagnosis of IgA nephropathy. Chest X-Rays showed emphysema and diffuse nodularity suggesting diagnosis of silicosis. Chest tomography was also positive for mild signs of silicosis with silicotic nodules and without honeycombing. IgA nephropathy is the most common type of glomerulonephritis worldwide. Several clues suggest a genetic or acquired abnormality of immune system as a trigger of the increased production of IgA. In our case report, simultaneous kidney and pulmonary disease could suggest same triggers (e.g. exposure to virus, bacteria or environmental agents) inducing IgA synthesis and pulmonary immune system activation. PMID:26423329

  8. Pituitary Metastasis from Renal Cell Carcinoma: Description of a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Wendel, Chloé; Campitiello, Marco; Plastino, Francesca; Eid, Nada; Hennequin, Laurent; Quétin, Philippe; Longo, Raffaele

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Male, 61 Final Diagnosis: Pituitary metastasis from renal cell carcinoma Symptoms: Deterioration of visual acuity and field • persisting headache • excess thirst • polyuria Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Total body CT-scan • brain MRI • trans-sphenoidal endoscopical surgery • radiotherapy • anti-angiogenic therapy Specialty: Oncology Objective: Rare disease Background: Pituitary metastasis is uncommon, breast and lung cancers being the most frequent primary tumors. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare cause of pituitary metastases, with only a few cases described to date. Case Report: We report a case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a progressive deterioration of visual acuity and field associated with a bitemporal hemianopsia. Two years ago, he underwent radical right nephrectomy for a clear cell RCC (ccRCC). The biological tests showed pan-hypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus. Brain MRI revealed a large sellar tumor lesion bilaterally infiltrating the cavernous sinuses, which was surgically resected. Histology confirmed a ccRCC pituitary metastasis. The patient received post-surgical radiotherapy. Considering the presence of concomitant extra-pituitary metastases, treatment with sunitinib was started, followed by several lines of therapy with axitinib, everolimus, and sorafenib because of tumor progression. The patient also presented with a pituitary tumor recurrence, which was treated by stereotaxic radiotherapy. He died five years after the initial diagnosis of RCC and 30 months after the diagnosis of the pituitary metastasis. Conclusions: There are no standardized treatment guidelines for management of pituitary metastases. Pituitary surgery plays a role in symptom palliation, and it does not have any relevant impact on survival. Exclusive radiotherapy or stereotaxic radiotherapy could be an alternative to surgery in patients whose general condition is poor or who have concomitant extra-pituitary metastases. PMID:28044054

  9. Case report of a novel mutation of the EYA1 gene in a patient with branchio-oto-renal syndrome.

    PubMed

    Spahiu, L; Merovci, B; Ismaili Jaha, V; Batalli Këpuska, A; Jashari, H

    2016-12-01

    Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the coexistence of branchial cysts or fistulae, external ear malformation with pre-auricular pits or tags, hearing impairment and renal malformations. However, the presence of the main features varies in affected families. Here, we present a 16-year-old boy admitted to the Department of Nephrology at the Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Pristina, Republic of Kosovo because of severe renal insufficiency diagnosed 6 years ago, which progressed to end-stage renal failure. Clinical examination on readmission showed a pale, lethargic and edematous child, with auricular deformity, pre-auricular tags and pits as well as bilateral branchial fistulae. Laboratory tests revealed high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 15.96 mmol/L and serum creatinine 633.0 µmol/L; low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 12 mL/min./ 1.73 m(2) and massive proteinuria 4+. Abdominal ultrasound showed bilateral kidney hypoplasia. A novel mutation of the EYA1 gene was confirmed. Daily hemodialysis is continuing until renal transplantation is done. This case is presented to increase awareness among general practitioners to consider BOR syndrome or other renal abnormalities in patients with branchial fistula and/ or external ear anomalies or similar findings in other family members.

  10. Case Report of a Novel Mutation of the EYA1 Gene in a Patient with Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Spahiu, L; Merovci, B; Ismaili Jaha, V; Batalli Këpuska, A; Jashari, H

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the coexistence of branchial cysts or fistulae, external ear malformation with pre-auricular pits or tags, hearing impairment and renal malformations. However, the presence of the main features varies in affected families. Here, we present a 16-year-old boy admitted to the Department of Nephrology at the Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Pristina, Republic of Kosovo because of severe renal insufficiency diagnosed 6 years ago, which progressed to end-stage renal failure. Clinical examination on readmission showed a pale, lethargic and edematous child, with auricular deformity, pre-auricular tags and pits as well as bilateral branchial fistulae. Laboratory tests revealed high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 15.96 mmol/L and serum creatinine 633.0 µmol/L; low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 12 mL/min./ 1.73 m2 and massive proteinuria 4+. Abdominal ultrasound showed bilateral kidney hypoplasia. A novel mutation of the EYA1 gene was confirmed. Daily hemodialysis is continuing until renal transplantation is done. This case is presented to increase awareness among general practitioners to consider BOR syndrome or other renal abnormalities in patients with branchial fistula and/ or external ear anomalies or similar findings in other family members. PMID:28289595

  11. Carcinoid tumor associated with adjacent dysplastic columnar epithelium in the renal pelvis: A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sung Sun; Choi, Chan; Kang, Taek Won; Choi, Yoo Duk

    2016-01-01

    Carcinoid tumors are well documented in the pulmonary and gastrointestinal systems, but very rare in the urinary tract, especially in the renal pelvis. We report on a 60-year-old female patient who presented with left flank pain and fever. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a heterogeneously enhancing mass in the left renal pelvis and a stone at the left proximal ureter. Multiple parenchymal lesions were also observed, which were identified as uneven caliectasis displaying air-fluid levels and renal parenchymal atrophy. The patient underwent simple nephro-ureterectomy. Macroscopically, a polypoid mass was observed in the renal pelvis. Microscopically, the tumor revealed acinar, tubular, and solid pattern and was composed of small, monotonous and hyperchromatic cells. Lining epithelia in renal pelvis and ureter revealed columnar epithelia with dysplastic change. The tumor cells were positive for chromogranin A, synaptophysin, CD56, and focally positive for cytokeratin. Immunohistochemical staining of synaptophysin and chromogranin A highlighted the neuroendocrine cells in the columnar epithelium. Ki-67 (1:50; MIB-1) labeling index was less than 1% in the area with highest uptake. We report here a case of carcinoid tumor of the renal pelvis that was associated with adjacent dysplastic columnar epithelium. © 2015 Japanese Society of Pathology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  12. Rapidly progressive T cell lymphoma presenting as acute renal failure: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Neuhauser, T S; Lancaster, K; Haws, R; Drehner, D; Gulley, M L; Lichy, J H; Taubenberger, J K

    1997-01-01

    We describe a case of peripheral T cell lymphoma that is remarkable for its fulminate course and selective targeting of both kidneys. The patient was a 6-year-old girl who was in her usual state of good health until the onset of abdominal pain and fever. She was treated for acute oliguric renal failure and visual disturbances. A renal biopsy was performed. Biopsy findings were interpreted as suggestive of a vasculitic process, and treatment was initiated for a presumptive diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis. The patient died 3 days following admission, and autopsy revealed extensive bilateral kidney infiltration by a peripheral T cell lymphoma. The remainder of the body was spared with the exception of mild infiltration of the pulmonary parenchyma and choroid plexus by neoplastic lymphocytes. The neoplastic nature of the disease was confirmed utilizing immunoperoxidase stains and T cell receptor gene rearrangement. Primary renal lymphoma and renal failure attributable to involvement by lymphoma are rare findings that should be considered when other more common causes of renal insufficiency have been excluded. The presenting clinical complaints are generally of short duration, nonspecific, and atypical. Most patients exhibit oliguria. Physical examination may reveal hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and flank and/or abdominal mass(es). Laboratory findings frequently include an elevated serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, lactate dehydrogenase, and a mild proteinuria. Electrolyte abnormalities are variably present. Possible radiographic findings include hypodense or hypoechoic renal lesions and diffuse bilateral renal enlargement. Although the prognosis is dismal, survival may be prolonged utilizing current treatment modalities, and rare patients may be "cured" of disease. The clinical presentation, radiological findings, and prognosis of patients with clinically evident renal involvement by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are discussed.

  13. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in a supraclavicular lymph node with no known primary: a case report.

    PubMed

    Choi, Young-Rak; Han, Hye-Suk; Lee, Ok-Jun; Lim, Sung-Nam; Kim, Mi-Jin; Yeon, Myeong-Ho; Jeon, Hyun-Jung; Lee, Ki Hyeong; Kim, Seung Taik

    2012-09-01

    Although metastasis is relatively frequent in cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), metastasis in the cervical or supraclavicular lymph node (LN) is relatively rare. Moreover, cases of metastatic RCC with a non-identifiable kidney mass are extremely rare. Here, the authors report a case of metastatic RCC in a supraclavicular LN without a primary kidney lesion. A 69-year-old man presented with a progressively enlarging right supraclavicular mass. Incisional biopsy of the affected supraclavicular LN was performed, and histological examination revealed metastatic RCC. However, no tumor was found in either kidney, despite various examinations. The patient was treated with radiotherapy followed by sunitinib. After three months on sunitinib, a follow-up computed tomography scan revealed that the supraclavicular LN had markedly decreased, and after 20 months, the disease had not progressed. This case suggests that, even when there is no primary kidney lesion, clinicians must consider the possibility of metastatic RCC when evaluating patients with clear cell carcinoma with an unknown primary site.

  14. Escherichia Coli-Related Necrotizing Fasciitis After Renal Transplantation: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Turunç, V; Eroğlu, A; Cihandide, E; Tabandeh, B; Oruğ, T; Güven, B

    2015-06-01

    A 39-year-old man who had received cadaveric renal transplantation (RT) 1 month previously presented with rash and pain on his left lower extremity. Initially, bacterial cellulitis was suspected, and ampicillin/sulbactam was initiated; however, 3 days later, skin necrosis occurred and pain increased. Ampicillin/sulbactam was replaced with imipenem+ciprofloxacin, and surgical debridement was performed. Escherichia coli was identified in the wound culture, urine culture, and blood culture. After repeated debridement, wound care, and appropriate antimicrobial treatment, wounds began to heal and skin grafting was planned at the 4th month of therapy. However, the patient died of viral pneumonia. To date, 20 cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) after RT have been reported (including our case), and, as far as we know, this is the second E coli-related NF case. An analysis of all 20 cases showed that the most common infection site was the extremities (90%) and that 45% of pathogens were fungus. The mortality rate was 30%. NF is a rare but rapidly developing and life-threatening soft-tissue infection in RT patients. To reduce mortality rates, early diagnosis, recurrent surgical debridement, and aggressive therapy are mandatory.

  15. The need for genetic study to diagnose some cases of distal renal tubular acidosis.

    PubMed

    Heras Benito, Manuel; Garcia-Gonzalez, Miguel A; Valdenebro Recio, María; Molina Ordás, Álvaro; Callejas Martínez, Ramiro; Rodríguez Gómez, María Astrid; Calle García, Leonardo; Sousa Silva, Lisbeth; Fernández-Reyes Luis, María José

    We describe the case of a young woman who was diagnosed with advanced kidney disease, with an incidental finding of nephrocalcinosis of unknown aetiology, having been found asymptomatic throughout her life. The genetic study by panels of known genes associated with tubulointerstitial disease allowed us to discover autosomal dominant distal renal tubular acidosis associated with a de novo mutation in exon 14 of the SLC4A1 gene, which would have been impossible to diagnose clinically due to the advanced nature of the kidney disease when it was discovered. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Nefrología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. A renal variant of Fabry disease: A case with a novel Gal A hemizygote mutation

    PubMed Central

    H. Mukdsi, Jorge; Gutiérrez, Silvina; Barrón, Belén; Novoa, Pablo; Fernández, Segundo; de Diller, Ana B; I. Torres, Alicia; Formica Jr., Richard N; Orías, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    Background Fabry disease is caused by an X-linked recessive inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism with deficient activity of a lysosomal enzyme, alpha-galactosidase A (α-GalA). Case Presentation A 46 year-old man with progressive kidney disease showed on kidney biopsy electron microscopic evidence of Fabry disease. The patient had no systemic manifestations of Fabry disease, despite residual α-GalA activity, therefore genetic testing was done by direct DNA sequencing, demonstrating a new GAL A gene mutation (C174G-exon 3). After three years of enzyme replacement therapy (agalsidase beta) treatment, a second biopsy was done. Although there was demonstrable clearance of intracellular inclusions, remarkable podocyte activation was evident. Conclusions This report represents an unusual renal variant of Fabry disease and provides histologic data on long-term follow up after enzyme replacement therapy. PMID:24475416

  17. Histological and immunohistochemical characterization of feline renal cell carcinoma: a case series

    PubMed Central

    BONSEMBIANTE, Federico; BENALI, Silvia Lucia; TREZ, Davide; ARESU, Luca; GELAIN, Maria Elena

    2016-01-01

    Four feline renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) were examined using histopathological and immunohistochemical procedures. Specimens were classified by predominant histological pattern according to WHO criteria. A panel of antibodies including β-catenin, C-KIT, VEGF and VEGF-R2 and double immunostaining for vimentin/cytokeratin and for E-cadherin/CD10 was selected to characterize the tumors. Neoplasms were classified as tubular (3/4) and papillary (1/4). Neoplastic epithelial cells were cytokeratin, vimentin, E-cadherin, VEGF-R2 positive and C-KIT negative; 3 cases were β-catenin positive, whereas only 2 tumors were CD10 and VEGF positive. No correlation with histotype was evident. Our results confirm the low frequency of RCCs in cats and suggest a histological pattern similar to canine RCCs. In contrast, a peculiar immunohistochemical profile different from both canine and human RCCs is identified. PMID:26888581

  18. Time Series Analysis of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome: A Case Study in Jiaonan County, China

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shujuan; Cao, Wei; Ren, Hongyan; Lu, Liang; Zhuang, Dafang; Liu, Qiyong

    2016-01-01

    Exact prediction of Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) epidemics must improve to establish effective preventive measures in China. A Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) model was applied to establish a highly predictive model of HFRS. Meteorological factors were considered external variables through a cross correlation analysis. Then, these factors were included in the SARIMA model to determine if they could improve the predictive ability of HFRS epidemics in the region. The optimal univariate SARIMA model was identified as (0,0,2)(1,1,1)12. The R2 of the prediction of HFRS cases from January 2014 to December 2014 was 0.857, and the Root mean square error (RMSE) was 2.708. However, the inclusion of meteorological variables as external regressors did not significantly improve the SARIMA model. This result is likely because seasonal variations in meteorological variables were included in the seasonal characteristics of the HFRS itself. PMID:27706256

  19. Surgery for retrohepatic caval thrombus in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma: a case series.

    PubMed

    Polańska-Płachta, Małgorzata; Proczka, Robert; Dudek, Magdalena; Ostrowska, Małgorzata; Polański, Jerzy A

    2016-01-15

    Thrombotic involvement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) occurs in about 10% of all patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It is treated with radical resection of tumor and thrombus. We present the results of a recent case series of 20 patients with retrohepatic IVC thrombus. Our cohort of 20 patients included 16 primary resections (radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy with and without vascular graft), three recurrences primarily operated on elsewhere (thrombectomy and vascular graft), and one recurrence due to a new liver metastasis. All surviving patients were discharged with a patent IVC. The overall mortality rate was 10%, and the overall complication rate was 35%. Both are in keeping with results presented worldwide. Our series provides a corroborating extension to the existing dataset on RCC-related IVC thrombus removal. It confirms that the radical surgical approach can be performed safely and successfully with respect to venous patency.

  20. Uncommon gastrointestinal bleeding during targeted therapy for advanced renal cell carcinoma: A report of four cases

    PubMed Central

    FUJIHARA, SHINTARO; MORI, HIROHITO; KOBARA, HIDEKI; NISHIYAMA, NORIKO; AYAKI, MAKI; OHATA, RYO; UEDA, NOBUFUMI; SUGIMOTO, MIKIO; KAKEHI, YOSHIYUKI; MASAKI, TSUTOMU

    2015-01-01

    Clinically available targeted agents to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) include sunitinib, sorafenib and temsirolimus. Sorafenib and sunitinib have been associated with bleeding in selected trials, but clinical and endoscopic characteristics of gastrointestinal bleeding are not well described. Herein, we report four cases of advanced RCC in which endoscopic hemostasis effectively resolved high-grade, life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding that occurred during targeted therapy. Although stomatitis and mucositis have occurred during targeted therapies, life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding is less common. In these four patients, the origins of gastrointestinal bleeding were identified, and complete endoscopic hemostasis was achieved. Endoscopies revealed variable characteristics including angiodysplasia, multiple gastric ulcers and oozing bleeding of the normal mucosa. Although the most effective diagnostic and treatment strategies are disputed, endoscopic examinations are best performed before starting targeted therapies. Additionally, these patients should be monitored even for rare life-threatening events. PMID:26722259

  1. Concurrent nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure caused by chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Dou, Xianrui; Hu, Haitang; Ju, Yongle; Liu, Yongdong; Kang, Kaifu; Zhou, Shufeng; Chen, Wenfang

    2011-10-13

    Kidney injury associated with lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is typically caused by direct tumor infiltration which occasionally results in acute renal failure. Glomerular involvement presenting as proteinuria or even nephrotic syndrome is exceptionally rare. Here we report a case of 54-year-old male CLL patient with nephrotic syndrome and renal failure. The lymph node biopsy confirmed that the patients had CLL with remarkable immunoglobulin light chain amyloid deposition. The renal biopsy demonstrated the concurrence of AL amyloidosis and neoplastic infiltration. Combined treatment of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab resulted in remission of CLL, as well as the renal disfunction and nephrotic syndrome, without recurrence during a 12-month follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CLL patient showing the nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure caused by AL amyloidosis and neoplastic infiltration. Though AL amyloidosis caused by plasma cell dyscrasia usually responses poorly to chemotherapy, this patient exhibited a satisfactory clinical outcome due to successful inhibition of the production of amylodogenic light chains by combined chemotherapy.

  2. Carcinoma of the collecting ducts of Bellini and renal medullary carcinoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 52 cases of rare aggressive subtypes of renal cell carcinoma with a focus on their interrelationship.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Ruta; Billis, Athanase; Shah, Rajal B; Moch, Holger; Osunkoya, Adeboye O; Jochum, Wolfram; Hes, Ondrej; Bacchi, Carlos E; de Castro, Marilia G; Hansel, Donna E; Zhou, Ming; Vankalakunti, Mahesha; Salles, Paulo G; Cabrera, Rafael A; Gown, Allen M; Amin, Mahul B

    2012-09-01

    Carcinoma of the collecting ducts of Bellini and renal medullary carcinoma are rare aggressive neoplasms of putative distal nephron origin. First described in 1949, case reports and review articles constitute a major source of information on collecting duct carcinoma, whereas Davis and colleagues and the pediatric tumor registry have contributed the seminal works on renal medullary carcinoma. Here we present a detailed study of collecting duct carcinoma (n=39) and renal medullary carcinoma (n=13), characterizing these rare neoplasms and analyzing their interrelationship. Both collecting duct carcinoma and renal medullary carcinoma exhibited significant similarities, such as predilection for the right kidney, tumor mass with an epicenter in the renal medulla, and a mean size of 7 cm. Overall, both tumors exhibited a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma histology with desmoplastic stromal response (100%), inflammatory infiltrate (100%), frequent perinephric extension (collecting duct carcinoma: 97%; renal medullary carcinoma: 83%), lymphovascular invasion (100%), intraluminal mucin (collecting duct carcinoma: 42%; renal medullary carcinoma: 73%), high nuclear grade (97%), overlapping immunoreactivity for Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1 (collecting duct carcinoma: 75%; renal medullary carcinoma:55%), CK7 (collecting duct carcinoma: 44%; renal medullary carcinoma: 71%), and high-molecular weight cytokeratin (collecting duct carcinoma: 26%; renal medullary carcinoma: 29%), and nonimmunoreactivity for Ksp-cadherin. Histologically, collecting duct carcinoma frequently had tubular, tubulopapillary, or irregular glandular architecture, whereas renal medullary carcinoma commonly demonstrated islands of anastomosing tubules and cords forming irregular microcystic spaces. Multiple metastases to the lymph nodes, lung, bone, and liver were observed in both categories at presentation (collecting duct carcinoma: 17%; renal medullary carcinoma: 36%). Only patients with organ

  3. Fatal case of Herbaspirillum seropedicae bacteremia secondary to pneumonia in an end-stage renal disease patient with multiple myeloma.

    PubMed

    Suwantarat, Nuntra; Adams, La'Tonzia L; Romagnoli, Mark; Carroll, Karen C

    2015-08-01

    Herbaspirillum spp. are rare causes of human infections associated primarily with bacteremia in cancer patients. We report the first fatal case of bacteremia secondary to pneumonia caused by Herbaspirillum seropedicae in a 65-year-old man with end-stage renal disease and multiple myeloma. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Pazopanib in Renal Cell Carcinoma Dialysis Patients: A Mini-Review and a Case Report.

    PubMed

    Bersanelli, Melissa; Facchinetti, Francesco; Tiseo, Marcello; Maiorana, Mariarosa; Buti, Sebastiano

    2016-01-01

    Sporadic data are available about pazopanib use in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) undergoing dialysis and no systematic review has been previously performed about this issue. The objective of the present mini-review is to provide an overview of clinical outcomes of pazopanib in this population, in order to support the clinical oncologist for the treatment choice and management. All the literature ever published about mRCC dialysis patients receiving pazopanib, until August 2015, was evaluated: only two case series emerged from our search and one more patient from our department was also included, with a total of 11 mRCC dialysis patients overall. Moreover, we described our case of intrapatient dose titration of pazopanib during dialysis. The continued treatment schedule, the short half-life, the predominantly hepatic metabolism, the wide possibility of dose modulation, the favorable tolerability profile and the similar efficacy respect to sunitinib represent factors in favor of pazopanib as first line mRCC treatment in dialysis patients. The knowledge and the good management of toxicity during pazopanib treatment can lead, also in dialysis patients, to the best and longest application of the drug, taking into account the concept of a dose escalation guided by toxicity as a marker of efficacy. The review, together with our single case report, confirmed the efficacy, the good tolerability and the maneuverability of pazopanib treatment in mRCC patients undergoing dialysis.

  5. The first genetically confirmed case of Dioctophyme renale (Nematoda: Dioctophymatida) in a patient with a subcutaneous nodule.

    PubMed

    Tokiwa, Toshihiro; Ueda, Wataru; Takatsuka, Satoshi; Okawa, Kiyotaka; Onodera, Masayuki; Ohta, Nobuo; Akao, Nobuaki

    2014-02-01

    We describe a nematode larva in a subcutaneous nodule excised from a 44-year-old Chinese male who had been living in Japan for 15 years. Morphological features suggested that the worm was a dioctophimatid nematode. PCR amplification and sequencing of small subunit ribosomal DNA and mitochondrial cytochrome subunit c oxidase genes allowed us to identify the larva as the giant kidney worm, Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1972). This is the first molecularly confirmed human case of a dermal D. renale infection. © 2013.

  6. Misuse of herbal remedies: the case of an outbreak of terminal renal failure in Belgium (Chinese herbs nephropathy)

    PubMed

    Vanherweghem, L J

    1998-01-01

    At least 100 cases of extensive interstitial fibrosis of the kidneys were observed in Belgium in women who had followed a weight-loss regimen that included the use of Chinese herbs. The possible relation between the renal disease and these Chinese herbs was investigated. It was shown that the prescribed Chinese herb called Stephania tetrandra was, in fact, inadvertently replaced by another Chinese herb, namely Aristolochia fangchi in the powdered extracts delivered in Belgium and in France. The development of renal disease in about 100 patients exposed to the so-called Stephania tetrandra stresses the need for more stringent control of herbal medicine.

  7. Massive bone marrow involvement in an end stage renal failure case with erythropoietin-resistant anemia and primary hyperoxaluria.

    PubMed

    Taşlı, Funda; Özkök, Güliz; Ok, Ebru Sevinç; Soyer, Nur; Mollamehmetoğlu, Hülya; Vardar, Enver

    2013-09-01

    Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. Type 1 PH is the most common form and develops due to a defect in a liver specific enzyme the alanine aminotransferase enzyme. As a result of the enzyme deficiency, there is an overproduction of oxalate and excessive urinary excretion. Recurrent urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis are the most important findings of the disorder and often at the beginning end-stage renal disease develops. This report presents a case backed up by literature of a patient with end stage renal failure and erythropoietin-resistant anaemia whose bone marrow biopsy showed crystal deposition which received delayed diagnosis of oxalosis.

  8. IgG4-related kidney disease from the renal pelvis that mimicked urothelial carcinoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Hui; Ren, Xinyu; Zhang, Wen; Yang, Di; Feng, Ruie

    2015-05-27

    IgG4-related kidney disease is a comprehensive term for renal lesions associated with IgG4-related disease, which mainly manifests as plasma cell-rich tubulointerstitial nephritis with increased IgG4+ plasma cells and fibrosis. IgG4-related kidney disease in the renal pelvis is rare. We describe a 53-year-old Asian woman who was referred to our hospital with a space-occupying renal lesion discovered by medical examination. A physical examination and laboratory evaluation revealed no significant abnormalities. Computed tomography scans showed a soft-tissue mass with an irregular border and mild homogeneous enhancement in the right renal pelvis and calyces. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan revealed soft-tissue density shadows with increased radionuclide uptake. To investigate a suspected pelvic carcinoma, a right ureteronephrectomy was performed. A pathologic examination of the renal sections showed a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4+ plasma cells, with fibrosis beneath the urothelial epithelium of the renal pelvis. Postoperatively, the serum IgG4 level was significantly elevated. The patient was diagnosed with IgG4-related kidney disease. We present a case of IgG4-related kidney disease mimicking urothelial carcinoma in the renal pelvis. When a buried and solitary hypovascular tumor is detected in the kidney, we must consider IgG4-related kidney disease as a differential diagnosis. Accordingly, elevated serum IgG4, radiologic findings, and pathologic examination may improve the diagnosis.

  9. Pregnancy in end-stage renal disease patients and treatment with peritoneal dialysis: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Gómez Vázquez, Jesús Alfredo; MartínezCalva, Ignacio Eduardo; Mendíola Fernández, Ricardo; Escalera León, Verónica; Cardona, Mario; Noyola, Hector

    2007-01-01

    Pregnancy in end-stage renal disease patients is infrequent and is associated with fetal loss, premature delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, and lack of control of or exacerbation of or onset of hypertension. Even after replacement of renal function, the prognosis for the patient and the fetus is poor. A point of controversy is the renal replacement therapy method. This report is based on two clinical cases of pregnancy in peritoneal dialysis patients that resulted in full-term delivery. Adequate metabolic and blood pressure control was achieved during pregnancy, the only mutual complication being the presence of polyhydramnios. However, both infants were healthy for their gestational age and without neonatal complications. We may conclude that peritoneal dialysis is an acceptable therapeutic option for pregnant patients and their fetuses.

  10. Hyperkalemic distal renal tubular acidosis caused by immunosuppressant treatment with tacrolimus in a liver transplant patient: case report.

    PubMed

    Riveiro-Barciela, M; Campos-Varela, I; Tovar, J L; Vargas, V; Simón-Talero, M; Ventura-Cots, M; Crespo, M; Bilbao, I; Castells, L

    2011-12-01

    Nephrotoxicity is one of the most common side effects of long-term immunosuppressive therapy with calcineurin inhibitors. We describe a case of distal renal tubular acidosis secondary to tacrolimus administration. A 43-year-old man with end-stage liver disease due to hepatitis C and B virus infections and alcoholic cirrhosis received a liver transplantation under immunosuppressive treatment with tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil. In the postoperative period, the patient developed hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, with a normal serum anion gap and a positive urinary anion gap, suggesting distal renal tubular acidosis. We excluded other causes of hyperkalemia. Administration of intravenous bicarbonate, loop diuretics, and oral resin exchanger corrected the acidosis and potassium levels. Distal renal tubular acidosis is one of several types of nephrotoxicity induced by tacrolimus treatment, resulting from inhibition of potassium secretion in the collecting duct. Treatment to correct the acidosis and hyperkalemia should be promptly initiated, and the tacrolimus dose adjusted when possible.

  11. Femoral nerve injury as a complication of percutaneous simple renal cyst sclerotherapy with ethanol: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ashraf, Alireza; Karami, Mohammad Yasin; Amanat, Aida

    2012-01-01

    Simple renal cysts are benign, common, and often asymptomatic disease in old age, sometimes treated with ethanol sclerotherapy. We report a case of iatrogenic femoral nerve injury following percutaneous injection of ethanol into a renal cyst under sedation. The percutaneous injection was guided by sonography. At the end of the procedure, the cyst ruptured so the patient progressed to loss of consciousness due to alcohol intoxication. Ethanol was damaged to the femoral nerve, so patient was developed with limping, numbness, and weakness in anteromedial aspect of the right thigh. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of femoral nerve injury caused by percutaneous simple renal cyst sclerotherapy with ethanol. This rare event has not been previously described, Physicians should be aware of the possibility of this complication.

  12. [A Case of Renal Cell Carcinoma with High Everolimus Blood Concentrations and Hyperglycemia Due to Everolimus-Induced Hepatic Dysfunction].

    PubMed

    Takasaki, Shinya; Kikuchi, Masafumi; Kawasaki, Yoshihide; Ito, Akihiro; Arai, Yoichi; Yamaguchi, Hiroaki; Mano, Nariyasu

    2017-01-01

    We report the case of a patient who had renal cell carcinoma with high everolimus blood concentrations and hyperglycemia due to everolimus-induced hepatic dysfunction. A 74-year-old man who underwent right nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma was administered everolimus for multiple lung metastases. Everolimus caused grade 3 hepatic dysfunction and hyperglycemia; hence, high blood levels of everolimus were observed. Although the patient was re-administrated everolimus after recovering from hepatic dysfunction, hepatic function test values worsened again. Everolimus was discontinued before its blood concentration increased, and the patient was switched to axitinib treatment. Therefore, the measurement of everolimus blood level is considered useful for the management of adverse events in renal cell carcinoma.

  13. Renal tubular acidosis in Sjögren's syndrome: a case series.

    PubMed

    Ram, Rapur; Swarnalatha, Gudithi; Dakshinamurty, Kaligotla Venkata

    2014-01-01

    The exact frequency of distal and proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) in Sjögren's syndrome is unknown. Other features of Sjögren's syndrome like polyuria, glomerular manifestations, familial occurrence and pregnancy are not widely reported. The aim was to prospectively study the clinical features and outcome of distal and proximal RTA in Sjögren's syndrome and also report on other renal manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome. The present study is a prospective consecutive case series of patients who presented with a history suggestive of RTA and Sjögren's syndrome. All patients were followed for 1 year. The diagnosis of RTA was by fractional excretion of bicarbonate. The diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome was according to the American-European classification system [modified by Tzioufas and Voulgarelis: Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2007;21:989-1010]. The total number of RTA patients diagnosed during this period was 149. Sjögren's syndrome accounted for 34.8% (52 of 149) of RTA patients. The important symptoms and laboratory parameters were oral and ocular symptoms in 23 (44.2%), dental caries in 12 (23%), body pains in 47 (90.3%), mean serum pH 7.202 ± 0.03, mean serum bicarbonate, 14.03 ± 1.66 mmol/l, and mean urine pH, 7.125 ± 0.54. There were 30 (57.6%) patients with distal RTA and 22 (42.3%) patients with proximal RTA. The clinical implication of the present study is that RTA is a common feature of Sjögren's syndrome. It may be missed if the presentation is not due to oral and ocular symptoms. The present study is also the only one with a 1-year follow-up. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  14. Absence of Middle Hepatic Vein Combined with Retro-Aortic Left Renal Vein: a Very Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Turamanlar, Ozan; Kırpıko, Oğuz; Özen, Oğuz Aslan; Değirmenci, Bumin; Akçer, Sezer; Uygur, Ramazan

    2012-01-01

    The hepatic and renal veins drain into the inferior vena cava. The upper group of hepatic veins consists of three veins which extend to the posterior face of the liver to join the inferior cava. The left renal vein passes anterior to the aorta just below the origin of the superior mesenteric artery. We detected a variation in the hepatic and renal veins in a multislice CT angiogram of a nine-year-old male patient in the Radiology Department of Afyon Kocatepe University Medical School. The upper group hepatic veins normally drains into the inferior vena cava as three separate trunks, namely the right, left and middle. In our case, we found that only the right and left hepatic veins existed and the middle hepatic vein was absent. Furthermore, the left renal vein, which normally passes anterior to the abdominal aorta, was retro-aortic. Left renal vein variations are of great importance in planning retroperitoneal surgery and vascular interventions. Knowledge of a patient’s hepatic vein and renovascular anatomy and determining their variations and anomalies are of critical importance to abdominal operations, transplantations and preoperative evaluation of endovascular interventions. PMID:25206997

  15. [Rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure after cocaine overdose: report of one case].

    PubMed

    Carrasco, Rodrigo; Salinas, Mauricio; Rossel, Víctor

    2011-04-01

    Rhabdomyolysis caused by cocaine abuse is multifactorial, involving tissue ischemia secondary to vasoconstriction and cellular damage caused by the drug. Renal failure may or may be not associated to rhabdomyolysis. We report a 41-year-old male admitted with a severe rhabdomyolysis after a cocaine overdose. In spite of a vigorous hydration and alkalization, he developed acute renal failure. Renal function recovered after several weeks of dialysis.

  16. Acute and Chronic Acetaminophen Use and Renal Disease: A Case-Control Study Using Pharmacy and Medical Claims

    PubMed Central

    Kelkar, Mugdha; Cleves, Mario A.; Foster, Howell R.; Hogan, William R.; James, Laura P.; Martin, Bradley C.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Studies have examined the association between acetaminophen (APAP) use and renal disease; however, their interpretation is limited by a number of methodological issues. OBJECTIVE To study the association between acute and chronic prescription-acquired APAP use and renal disease. METHODS This was a retrospective case-control study of medical and pharmacy claims of a 10% random sample of the enrollees from the IMS LifeLink Health Plans commercial claims dataset for dates of service from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2009. Subjects were continuously enrolled and aged 18 years or older. Cases had at least 1 incident claim of renal disease defined by ICD-9-CM codes in the primary diagnosis field. Controls were randomly selected from individuals without evidence of renal disease, liver disease, or asthma in medical claims and matched to cases in a 3-to-1 ratio based on 3 variables (age, gender, and geographic region). APAP exposure, dose, and duration were measured in the 7 and 30 days (acute) and in the 1-year (chronic) look-back periods. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of APAP exposure adjusted for comorbidities, use of other nephrotoxic drugs, and health system factors. RESULTS There were 4,724 cases and 14,172 controls with a mean (SD) age of 60.8 (17.8) years, and 52.6% were males; 10.9% of cases and 4.2% of controls had APAP exposure in the 30 days pre-index with mean potential maximum daily doses of 3,846.5 mg and 3,190.8 mg, respectively. Acute APAP exposure was significantly associated with renal disease, and the risk decreased with longer look-back periods (7 days: adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.93, 95% CI=1.61-2.30); 30 days: OR=1.71, 95% CI=1.48-1.97). Cumulative APAP dose greater than 1 kg and APAP use for longer than 30 days in the pre-index year were not significantly associated with an increased risk of renal disease (both P values=0.900). CONCLUSIONS Acute prescription-acquired APAP use was

  17. Surgical treatment of ruptured renal artery aneurysm: a report of 2 cases.

    PubMed

    Seo, Pil Won

    2013-12-01

    The rupture of a renal artery aneurysm is a rare disease that is difficult to diagnose. Although we usually consider the appropriate treatment to be open laparotomy with aortic aneurysm surgery or stenting with graft insertion through intravascular intervention, thus far, there is no general consensus on the treatment protocol for renal artery aneurysm. Notably, ruptured renal artery aneurysm is a true critical emergency that may result in a fatal outcome. We are reporting two renal artery aneurysm patients who had ruptured and underwent emergency laparotomy.

  18. [Fluoroquinolone induced acute renal failure. General review about a case report with crystalluria due to ciprofloxacin].

    PubMed

    Montagnac, Richard; Briat, Claude; Schillinger, Francis; Sartelet, Hervé; Birembaut, Philippe; Daudon, Michel

    2005-03-01

    A 58 year-old woman developed an acute renal failure very quickly after ingestion of two 500 mg tablets of ciprofloxacin, without any other identifiable risk factor. Renal biopsy was performed. No sign of acute interstitial nephritis was observed but tubular lesions were found, accompanied by deposits of a brown-yellowish substance identified by infrared microscopy as a ciprofloxacin salt. The outcome was favourable. This observation gives the opportunity to remind the different forms of quinolone-induced renal injury and to discuss the possible ways for preventing renal side-effects related to the quinolone use.

  19. Renal artery aneurysm in hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: case report.

    PubMed

    Maciel, R F; Branco, A J; Branco, A W; Guterres, J C; Silva, A E; Ramos, L B; Rost, C; Vieira, C A; Cicogna, P E S; Daudt, C A; Deboni, L M; Vieira, M A; Luz, H A; Vieira, J A

    2003-12-01

    We report a living donor who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy using a hand-assisted device (HALD). At preoperative arteriography the donor showed a renal artery aneurysm. The patient was a 37-year-old female, 166 cm height, white, weighing 87 kg, HLA identical to the recipient. HALD was indicated due to the better visualization of renal pedicle and greater security in an obese patient. Renal artery aneurysm is a rare condition, with many possible complications. The method proved to be adequate and safe for donor nephrectomy, despite a renal artery aneurysm.

  20. [Chronic atrophic polychondritis and renal and cardiopulmonary amylosis: a case report and literature review (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Lambrozo, J; Baubion, D; Brodaty, Y; Leclerc, J P

    1981-01-01

    Glomerular lesions with a nephrotic syndrome and impaired renal function developed secondary to a chronic atrophic polychondritis confirmed by auricular biopsy. In the absence of renal histology data, the possibility of an iatrogenic complication or a renal lesion specific to the affection itself were successively eliminated. Pos-mortem histological examination demonstrated renal and cardiopulmonary amylosis, the latter being clinically asymptomatic. The probable autoimmune origin of the chronic atrophic polychondritis has to be discussed in parallel with the dysimmunity mechanism responsible for the amyloid lesions, but no relationship between them was demonstrated.

  1. Breast metastases from a Renal Cell Carcinoma. A case report and review of the literature☆

    PubMed Central

    Falco, G.; Buggi, F.; Sanna, P.A.; Dubini, A.; Folli, S.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Metastases to the breast from extra-mammary tumors are uncommon and few sporadic cases are reported in the international literature. An accurate differential diagnosis of secondary cancer is mandatory because both prognosis and treatment differ with respect to primary breast tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the case of a 70-year-old woman with an isolated metastasis to the breast occuring 9 years after undergoing a nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC). Clinical examination revealed a palpable and mobile mass in the right breast with an enlarged ipsilateral axillary lymph node. Mammographic findings showed a dense, well circumscribed solid mass and the breast ultrasonography findings were those of a hypoechoic homogeneous solid nodule with no posterior attenuation but with prominent peripheral vascularity. A tru-cut biopsy was conclusive for a metastatic deposit by RCC. A whole-body CT scan showed no evidence of further recurrences. The patient underwent metastasectomy and exeresis of the papable lymphnode. DISCUSSION In patients with former surgery for RCC, a diagnosis based on a preoperative biopsy allows to indicate the proper surgical treatment: in facts, as compared to primary breast tumors treatment, the rationale to pursue wide surgical margins is pointless in cases of metastases and, similarly, the biopsy of the sentinel lymphnode is void of sense due to the lack of its physiopathological prerequisite. CONCLUSION We suggest to consider a micro-histological biopsy of any new breast lesion appearing in a patient with a history of treatment for RCC. Prompt diagnosis is necessary to choose the right treatment. PMID:24632302

  2. Asynchronous Bilateral Renal Infarction and Thrombophilia With Associated Gene Mutations in a 43-Year-Old Man: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xu-Jie; Liu, Li-Jun; Chen, Min; Zhou, Fu-De

    2016-04-01

    Renal infarction (RI) is frequently misdiagnosed or diagnosed late because of its rarity and nonspecific clinical presentation, which may result in irreversible damage to the renal parenchyma or increase the risk of other embolic events affecting additional organs. Multiple causal mechanisms and cases of idiopathic RI have been reported, but the causal factors are not clear in most cases.Here, we report the case of a patient with heterochronic bilateral RI caused by thrombophilia. Although he had several risk factors for hypercoagulation disorders, two gene mutations-MTHFR 677 C>T and PLG 1858G>A-were identified by genome sequencing of the entire exome. The findings suggest the possibility of a synergistic relationship between the two gene mutations.Thus, screening for gene mutations may provide additional clues for clarifying the cause of RI and thrombophilia.

  3. A lethal case of Plasmodium falciparum infection in a young patient with end-stage renal failure who underwent regular hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Hartopo, Anggoro Budi; Wijisaksono, Doni Priambodo

    2010-01-01

    Acute renal failure associated with Plasmodium falciparum infection is already well recognized. Nevertheless, end-stage chronic renal failure and falciparum malaria comorbidity is a rare condition. We report a case of Plasmodium falciparum infection in a young male Javanese patient with end-stage chronic renal failure who underwent regular hemodialysis. This rare comorbidity led to rapid deterioration of consciousness and metabolic disturbances which had already existed in end-stage renal failure. Because of the immunosuppressive condition due to organ failure, the patient did not survive despite anti-malarial chemotherapy.

  4. A case-control study of occupational sunlight exposure and renal cancer risk.

    PubMed

    Karami, Sara; Colt, Joanne S; Stewart, Patricia A; Schwartz, Kendra; Davis, Faith G; Ruterbusch, Julie J; Chow, Wong-Ho; Wacholder, Sholom; Graubard, Barry I; Purdue, Mark P; Moore, Lee E

    2016-04-01

    Epidemiological evidence of a relationship between vitamin D and kidney cancer risk has been inconsistent despite experimental data indicating that vitamin D and its metabolites may inhibit carcinogenesis. Previously we reported an inverse association between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk and occupational ultraviolet (UV) exposure among European men. In this study, we examined the association between occupational UV exposure and RCC risk among US residents and investigated whether this association varied by race and sex. Lifetime occupational data for 1,217 RCC cases and 1,235 controls in a population-based case-control study, conducted from 2002 to 2007, were assessed for occupational UV exposure. We evaluated exposure metrics in quartiles based on control exposure levels and calculated associations between RCC risk and occupational UV exposure using unconditional logistic regression adjusted for sex, race, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, center, education, family history of cancer and dietary vitamin D intake. A general pattern of decreasing RCC risk with increasing UV exposure was observed. Cases had significantly lower cumulative occupational UV exposure than controls (fourth quartile vs. first: odds ratio = 0.74 [95% confidence interval = 0.56-0.99], p-trend = 0.03). Similar results were observed for other UV exposure metrics. The association with occupational UV exposure was stronger for women than for men, but did not differ by race. Our findings suggest an inverse association between occupational UV exposure and RCC, particularly among women. Given the sex finding discrepancies in this study versus our previous study, additional research is need to clarify whether the protective effects of occupational UV exposure and RCC risk are real. © 2015 UICC.

  5. A case-control study of occupational sunlight exposure and renal cancer risk

    PubMed Central

    Karami, Sara; Colt, Joanne S.; Stewart, Patricia A.; Schwartz, Kendra; Davis, Faith G.; Ruterbusch, Julie J.; Chow, Wong-Ho; Wacholder, Sholom; Graubard, Barry I.; Purdue, Mark P.; Moore, Lee E.

    2015-01-01

    Epidemiological evidence of a relationship between vitamin D and kidney cancer risk has been inconsistent despite experimental data indicating that vitamin D and its metabolites may inhibit carcinogenesis. Previously we reported an inverse association between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk and occupational ultraviolet (UV) exposure among European men. In the current study, we examined the association between occupational UV exposure and RCC risk among US residents and investigated whether this association varied by race and sex. Lifetime occupational data for 1,217 RCC cases and 1,235 controls in a population-based case-control study, conducted from 2002-2007, were assessed for occupational UV exposure. We evaluated exposure metrics in quartiles based on control exposure levels and calculated associations between RCC risk and occupational UV exposure using unconditional logistic regression adjusted for sex, race, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, center, education, family history of cancer, and dietary vitamin D intake. A general pattern of decreasing RCC risk with increasing UV exposure was observed. Cases had significantly lower cumulative occupational UV exposure than controls (fourth quartile vs. first: odds ratio=0.74 [95% confidence interval=0.56-0.99], P-trend=0.03). Similar results were observed for other UV exposure metrics. The association with occupational UV exposure was stronger for women than men, but did not differ by race. Our findings suggest an inverse association between occupational UV exposure and RCC, particularly among women. Given the sex finding discrepancies in our current versus previous study, additional research is need to clarify whether the protective effects of occupational UV exposure and RCC risk are real. PMID:26505275

  6. Effects of renal care coordinator case management on outcomes in incident dialysis patients.

    PubMed

    Maddux, Dugan W; Usvyat, Len A; DeFalco, Daniel; Kotanko, Peter; Kooman, Jeroen P; van der Sande, Frank M; Maddux, Franklin W

    2016-03-01

    Pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) care impacts dialysis start and incident dialysis outcomes. We describe the use of late stage CKD population data coupled with CKD case management to improve dialysis start. The Renal Care Coordinator (RCC) program is a nephrology practice and Fresenius Medical Care North America (FMCNA) partnership involving a case manager resource and data analytics. We studied patients starting dialysis between August 1, 2009 and February 28, 2013 in 9 nephrology practices partnering in the RCC program. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match patients who had participated in the RCC program to patients who had not. Primary outcomes were use of a permanent access or peritoneal dialysis (PD) at first outpatient dialysis. Serum albumin at the first outpatient dialysis treatment and mortality and hospitalization rates in the first 120 days of dialysis were secondary outcomes. In the nephrology practices studied, 7,626 patients started dialysis. Of these, 738 patients (9.7%) were enrolled in the RCC program; 693 RCC patients (93.9%) were matched with 693 patients who did not participate in the RCC program. Logistic regression analysis indicates that RCC program patients are more likely to start PD or use a permanent vascular access at dialysis start and are more likely to start treatment with a serum albumin level ≥ 4.0 g/ dL. Late stage CKD data-driven case management is associated with a higher rate of PD use, lower central venous catheter (CVC) use, and higher albumin levels at first outpatient dialysis.

  7. A large renal pelvic diverticulum, presenting incomplete excretion during tc-99m MAG-3 scintigraphy and tracer accumulation on tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy; a case report.

    PubMed

    Turgut, Bulent; Erselcan, Taner; Ozdemir, Semra; Hasbek, Zekiye; Tosun, H Bayram; Topaktas, Seher

    2004-12-01

    This case report illustrates the dynamic and static renal scintigraphic images of a patient with an unusual large diverticulum of the renal pelvis. The initial diagnosis by intravenous pyelography (IVP) and ultrasonographic (US) examination was a renal pelvic diverticulum of the left kidney, and the patient was referred to the nuclear medicine department for exploration of the effect of the pelvic diverticulum on renal functions. We performed dynamic renal scintigraphy with technetium-99m (Tc-99m) labeled mercaptoacetyl triglycine (MAG-3) and static renal scintigraphy with Tc-99m labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). In dynamic renal scintigraphy, bilaterally normal concentration function was observed. While right kidney excretion function was normal, an incomplete excretion pattern was seen on the left side. Complete urinary flow obstruction occurred approximately at the 10th minute of the acquisition, which did not seem to respond to the i.v. furosemide application. However, when only the renal cortex was included in the region of interest, the obstructive pattern disappeared. In static renal scintigraphy, a large renal pelvic diverticulum localized antero-medially was clearly visualized in the left-anterior oblique projection, most probably due to accumulation of radiopharmaceutical inside it. This case showed that a renal pelvic diverticulum should be thought of when an incomplete excretion pattern is seen on dynamic renal scintigraphy. Using only a cortical region of interest may also help to distinguish other types of obstructive pattern from diverticulum. Additionally, Tc-99m DMSA scintigraphy may show diverticulum localization with antero-oblique projections in addition to routine projections.

  8. Renal clear cell carcinoma metastasis to salivary glands - a series of 9 cases: clinico-pathological study.

    PubMed

    Majewska, H; Skálová, A; Radecka, K; Stodulski, D; Hyrcza, M; Stankiewicz, C; Biernat, W

    2016-03-01

    Metastatic tumors involving salivary glands arising from the non-head and neck area are very rare. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is known for its high propensity for metastasis to unusual localizations. RCC metastasis to the maxillofacial area is an uncommon event (16%), but metastasis to salivary glands is extremely rare. We report a series of 9 such cases retrieved from two institutions. The group included 6 females and 3 males. The age at diagnosis ranged from 60 to 97 years (mean 72.6 years). The tumors involved the parotid gland in 7 cases, and the submandibular and small salivary gland of the oral cavity in 1 case each. The size of tumors ranged from 0.4 to 5 cm. Total parotidectomy with selective neck dissection was performed in 4 cases, while superficial parotidectomy was performed in 1 case and simple resection in 3 cases. Histologically, all the tumors were clear cell renal cell carcinomas, and therefore the differential diagnosis mainly included clear cell variants of salivary gland carcinomas. The parotid gland was the initial manifestation of renal malignancy in 4 of the cases, while in the remaining 5 cases a history of RCC had been known. The salivary gland involvement developed from 11 months to 13 years after the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor. In 2 cases it was the first site of dissemination. Pathologists need to maintain a high index of suspicion for the possibility of metastasis when confronted with oncocytic or clear cell neoplasms developing in salivary glands. RCC, although rare, should be included in this differential diagnosis.

  9. Recurrent pancreatic fistula occurring after nephrectomy in patients with a renal hydatid cyst: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Ceylan, Cavit; Odabaş, Öner; Doğan, Serkan; Yığman, Metin

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic fistula (PF) is an important complication that may develop during intra-abdominal surgeries and following distal pancreas trauma. In the early period, drainage from the surgical site and increased amylase production based on the biochemical examination of the drainage fluid are the factors for diagnosis. In contrast, in association with fluid collected from the surgical site, intra-abdominal abscess and high fever may lead to the diagnosis in the late period. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the treatment of intra-abdominal fluid collection after PF and intra-abdominal percutaneous stent placement as well as the placement of a pancreatic stent in the pancreatic channel may be alternative methods to stop drainage. However, the complete resolution of fluid drainage may take months. In our case, drainage from the pancreatic fistula area took longer to resolve than the periods previously reported in the English literature. The tail of the pancreas can be injured during the extraction of especially aggressive and metastatic masses from organs near to the distal pancreas. Injury to the tail of the pancreas can also occur during the extraction of benign-like renal hydatid cysts and/or malignant left kidney masses. However, PF can be treated with noninvasive methods, such as percutaneous treatment and ERCP. PMID:26328082

  10. [Cystic dysplasia of rete testis associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. Case report].

    PubMed

    Cimador, M; Rosone, G; Castagnetti, M; Libri, M; Bertozzi, M; Lima, M; De Grazia, E

    2003-04-01

    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis is a rare abnormality often associated with the ipsilateral agenesis of kidney. This malformation is due to a development defect of the mesonephric duct which is the cause of both the dilation of the testicular rete testis and renal agenesis. A case of this rare malformation, showing all the peculiarities described in the medical literature, is presented. A 3 years-4 months boy was examined for an asymptomatic left scrotal mass; thus, he underwent ultrasonography, which showed a multiple tubular and cystic dilatation of left rete testis, associated with the absence of left kidney, afterward confirmed by MAG3-radionuclide scan. Diagnosis was also validated by testicular biopsy. No surgery was required. The child is nowadays under observation and at 2-years follow-up he doesn't show any symptom. According to many authors, a conservative treatment of this benign congenital abnormality is suggested as well as serial ultrasonography to monitor the growth of the testicular mass, which in a longest follow-up, could require surgery. Malignant transformation nor infertility have never been described.

  11. Pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its metabolites during acute renal failure. A case report.

    PubMed

    Leakey, T E; Elias-Jones, A C; Coates, P E; Smith, K J

    1991-11-01

    After unsuccessful therapy with salbutamol syrup and inhaled terbutaline a 3-year-old boy with an acute exacerbation of asthma was treated with nebulised salbutamol (albuterol), intravenous aminophylline and hydrocortisone. His condition continued to deteriorate and he required artificial ventilation. Subsequently, he became anuric, with liver dysfunction, nonspecific encephalopathy and limb tremor. Peritoneal dialysis was started. Plasma theophylline concentrations were monitored and maintained in the therapeutic or subtherapeutic range. Despite this, he was hyper-reflexic with limb tremor. Excessively high plasma concentrations of the principal theophylline metabolite, 1,3-dimethyluric acid, were found [maximum 92 mg/L (470 mumol/L)], which cleared only with the return of normal renal function. Plasma concentration monitoring of drugs other than theophylline was not performed. After the patient recovered, a pharmacokinetic study demonstrated that normal methylxanthine metabolism was re-established. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the undue accumulation of the metabolites was a result of an inability to clear these compounds. Thus, pharmacologically and toxicologically active metabolites of theophylline may accumulate in anuric patients on peritoneal dialysis, producing clinical symptoms of toxicity. However, in the present case the possible role of metabolites of other drugs cannot be definitely excluded.

  12. Acute abrin poisoning treated with continuous renal replacement therapy and hemoperfusion successfully: A case report.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jiliang; Zhang, Wenbin; Li, Xin; Feng, Shufen; Ye, Gang; Wei, Hongcheng; Gong, Xiaobing

    2017-07-01

    Abrin is a highly toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, but poisoning due to ingestion of A precatorius is extremely rare in China. A 16-year-old girl, perfectly healthy before, was admitted to the department of gastroenterology owing to intentional ingestion of 10 crushed A precatorius seeds, with multiple episodes of somnolent and anxious mental status, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria. Acute abrin poisoning. We immediately took effective measures including gastric lavage, purgation, gastric acid suppression by proton pump inhibitor (PPI), liver protection, hemostasis, blood volume and electrolytes resuscitation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), and hemoperfusion (HP). Her unwell mental status was improved to the point at which she became conscious and relaxed. The symptoms of vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria disappeared gradually. The girl eventually made an excellent recovery with no complications at her 3-month follow-up. The combination of CRRT and HP is an efficient measure in the treatment of abrin poisoning for which there is no specific antidote. This is the first reported case of an abrin poisoning patient successfully treated by CRRT plus HP. Our experience will be useful to other physicians in managing patients of acute abrin poisoning in the future.

  13. Unusual Case of Coexisting Renal Malignancies: Mucinous Tubular and Spindle Cell Carcinoma Kidney With Sarcomatoid Dedifferentiation

    PubMed Central

    Agnihotri, Pragati; Alam, Kiran; Raza, Kashif

    2016-01-01

    Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) is a recent entity introduced in the World Health Organization 2004 Classification. It is a tumour of low malignant potential. MTSCC is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is characterized by a polymorphous histology, wherein the spindled epithelial cell is an inherent carcinomatous component. We report the case of a 57-year-old man presenting with loin pain and dragging sensation. Imaging revealed a large mass arising from the left kidney. Radical nephrectomy was performed, and histopathology revealed spindle cell elements of MTSCC with low-grade cytology, which occasionally blended with tubular structures in variable mucinous stroma admixed with spindle sarcomatoid cells with marked nuclear pleomorphism, associated with significant necrosis and mitoses of up to 5/10 high-power field. A final diagnosis of MTSCC along with high-grade areas consistent with sarcomatoid dedifferentiation was made. Sarcomatoid dedifferentiation has been well documented in various subtypes of RCC, and its presence signifies a worse prognosis in RCC.

  14. [Case report of a patient with renal cell cancer and his fateful progress - Breaking Bad News].

    PubMed

    Kudlacek, Stefan; Meran, Johannes G

    2012-01-01

    "Breaking Bad News" outlines a pathway for medical and other professional staff to deliver bad news to patients, clients, their families and carers. Bad news can mean different things to different people. Basically, it means any information which adversely and seriously affects an individual point of view of future or situations without any feeling of hope. The way a doctor or other health or social care professionals deliver bad news places an indelible mark on the doctor/professional-patient relationship. The debate about the levels of truth given to patients about their diagnosis has developed significantly over the last few years. While doctors and professionals now increasingly share information it has been the practice to withhold information because it was believed to be in the best interests of the patient. We discuss the situation of a patient with renal cancer who developed metastases after surgery. Unfortunately a tumour embolism from the kidney flashed into the pulmonary arteries. First it was not for sure if there were any metastases beside the tumour embolus. Months after embolectomy by thoracic surgery there was certain evidence of multiple pulmonary nodal lesions. First and second line chemotherapies failed and the patient died within several months after start of pharmacologic treatment. The case report discusses diagnosis and procedures, how the patient was supported and the way he got information at any critical date.

  15. Case report of renal cell carcinoma in automobile manufacturing factory worker due to trichloroethylene exposure in Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, June-Hee; Kim, Inah; Seok, Hongdeok; Park, Inhyo; Hwang, Jungho; Park, Jae-Oh; Won, Jong-Uk; Roh, Jaehoon

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper was report first case of renal cell carcinoma developed in a worker who worked in an automobile manufacture line which handles trichloroethylene in Korea. To clarify the relationship between the onset of renal cell carcinoma in 52-years old male worker and the exposure to trichloroethylene, document studies and work environment measurement were done. Past work environment exposure data were reviewed and medical history and surgery records of the worker were also reviewed. The patient had no personal risk factor related to renal cell carcinoma except for his smoking habit of quarter a pack per day for twenty years, and since trichloroethylene was not part of measurement criteria, past work environment risk assessment data could not verify the exposure. The exposure level is deduced by analyzing material exposure level of work environments which has similar processes in data from revised research of chemical exposure standard and work environment validity assessment. Evaluation Committee of Epidemiologic Survey decided that there are relevant relationship between the exposure and the disease, though we do not have exact data during that period, most experts agree that in every factories they used trichloroethylene without any direction. From the relevant medical history and the results of the usage of trichloroethylene in the relevant industries, and initial discovery of renal cell carcinoma at health inspection sonogram in 2001, it can be concluded that suggests significant causal relationship between the exposure to trichloroethylene and renal cell carcinoma onset, thus reporting it to be the first domestic case declared to be occupational disease.

  16. Multiple periradicular radiolucencies mimicking endodontic lesions in renal osteodystrophy of the mandible: a case report.

    PubMed

    Jalali, P; Kim, S G

    2016-07-01

    To report a finding of multiple periapical radiolucencies mimicking endodontic lesions in a patient with renal osteodystrophy of the mandible. A 47-year-old woman was referred by her general dentist to the postgraduate endodontic clinic for assessment and root canal treatment of multiple teeth with associated periapical radiolucencies. The patient's medical history included chronic renal failure. All mandibular teeth with periapical radiolucencies except tooth 37 had positive responses to pulp sensibility testing. A diagnosis of pulpal necrosis and associated periapical periodontitis was made on tooth 37, and root canal treatment was carried out. To determine the possible relationship between the patient's renal disease and the multiple periapical radiolucencies, an additional physician consultation and laboratory tests were requested. Secondary hyperparathyroidism was confirmed with the laboratory report showing an elevated level of parathyroid hormone and a normal serum calcium level. Renal osteodystrophy of the mandible caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism was the probable aetiology of the multiple mandibular periapical radiolucencies, and no root canal treatment was required. Key learning points Renal osteodystrophy of the mandible caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism can present as multiple periapical radiolucencies but is a rare finding. Diverse orofacial manifestations such as loss of lamina dura, widening of periodontal ligament and demineralization of bone can be observed in renal osteodystrophy. Thorough clinical and radiographic assessment along with the review of patient's medical history and haematological analysis is essential for the diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy. © 2015 International Endodontic Journal. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Renal angiomyolipoma in Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome: A case study supporting overlap with tuberous sclerosis complex.

    PubMed

    Dow, Eryn; Winship, Ingrid

    2016-12-01

    Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant disease characterised by benign cutaneous lesions, pulmonary cysts, and an increased risk of renal tumors. This rare condition is due to a mutation in the folliculin (FLCN) gene on chromosome 17q11.2, which has a role in the mechanistic/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway of tumorigenesis. This case illustrates a patient with BHD and a renal angiomyolipoma, a neoplastic lesion not usually associated with BHD but common in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC). There is both clinical and molecular overlap between BHD and TSC, which may arise from similarities in function of the TSC and FLCN proteins in the mTOR pathway; this case further demonstrates this potential correlation. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Primary renal sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma: report of 2 cases with EWSR1-CREB3L1 gene fusion.

    PubMed

    Argani, Pedram; Lewin, Jack R; Edmonds, Pamela; Netto, George J; Prieto-Granada, Carlos; Zhang, Lei; Jungbluth, Achim A; Antonescu, Cristina R

    2015-03-01

    We report the first 2 genetically confirmed cases of primary renal sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF), occurring in a 17-year-old boy and a 61-year-old woman. In both cases, the tumors demonstrated the typical epithelioid clear cell morphology associated with extensive hyalinizing fibrosis, raising the differential diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor, metanephric stromal tumor, and the sclerosing variant of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney. Both neoplasms demonstrated diffuse immunoreactivity for MUC4, a highly specific marker for SEF, and both demonstrated evidence of rearrangement of both the EWSR1 and CREB3L1 genes, which have recently been shown to be fused in this entity. Both neoplasms presented with metastatic disease. Primary renal SEF represents yet another translocation-associated sarcoma now shown to arise primarily in the kidney.

  19. Cystic and necrotic papillary renal cell carcinoma: prognosis, morphology, immunohistochemical, and molecular-genetic profile of 10 cases.

    PubMed

    Peckova, Kvetoslava; Martinek, Petr; Pivovarcikova, Kristyna; Vanecek, Tomas; Alaghehbandan, Reza; Prochazkova, Kristyna; Montiel, Delia Perez; Hora, Milan; Skenderi, Faruk; Ulamec, Monika; Rotterova, Pavla; Daum, Ondrej; Ferda, Jiri; Davidson, Whitney; Ondic, Ondrej; Dubova, Magdalena; Michal, Michal; Hes, Ondrej

    2017-02-01

    Conflicting data have been published on the prognostic significance of tumor necrosis in papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). Although the presence of necrosis is generally considered an adverse prognostic feature in PRCC, we report a cohort of 10 morphologically distinct cystic and extensively necrotic PRCC with favorable biological behavior. Ten cases of type 1 PRCC with a uniform morphologic pattern were selected from the 19 500 renal tumors, of which 1311 were PRCCs in our registry. We focused on precise morphologic diagnosis supported by immunohistochemical and molecular-genetic analysis. Patients included 8 men and 2 women with an age range of 32-85 years (mean, 62.6 years). Tumor size ranged from 6 to 14 cm (mean, 9.4 cm). Follow-up data were available in 7 patients, ranging from 0.5 to 14 years (mean, 4 years). All tumors were spherical, cystic, and circumscribed by a thick fibrous capsule, filled with hemorrhagic/necrotic contents. Limited viable neoplastic tissue was present only as a thin rim in the inner surface of the cyst wall, consistent with type 1 PRCC. All cases were positive for AMACR, OSCAR, CAM 5.2, HIF-2, and vimentin. Chromosome 7 and 17 polysomy was found in 5 of 9 analyzable cases, 2 cases demonstrated chromosome 7 and 17 disomy, and 1 case showed only chromosome 17 polysomy. Loss of chromosome Y was found in 5 cases, including 1 case with disomic chromosomes 7 and 17. No VHL gene abnormalities were found. Papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 can present as a large hemorrhagic/necrotic unicystic lesion with a thick fibroleiomyomatous capsule. Most cases showed a chromosomal numerical aberration pattern characteristic of PRCC. All tumors followed a nonaggressive clinical course. Large liquefactive necrosis should not necessarily be considered an adverse prognostic feature, particularly in a subset of type 1 PRCC with unilocular cysts filled with necrotic/hemorrhagic material.

  20. [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture as a cause of lumbar pain: report of one case].

    PubMed

    Cifuentes, Melissa; Calleja, Félix; Hola, José; Daviú, Antonio; Jara, Danilo; Vallejos, Humberto

    2008-08-01

    Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor formed by smooth muscle, adipose tissue and blood vessels. It is commonly found incidentally and its clinical manifestations are pain and abdominal mass or spontaneous tumor rupture with retroperitoneal bleeding. The clinical presentation of a hemorrhagic shock secondary to a retroperitoneal hematoma is uncommon. We report a 40 year-old male who presented to the emergency room with lumbar pain and deterioration of hemodynamic parameters. The CT scan showed a left renal injury associated to an expansive retroperitoneal process. The abdominal exploration, vascular control of the renal pedicle and nephrectomy allowed a successful outcome.

  1. Case Report of Percutaneous Tract Seeding of Renal Pelvic Tumor: 8-Year Journey

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A 58-year-old female presented with renal colic and was found to have renal transitional cell carcinoma at the time of percutaneous surgery. She developed percutaneous tract seeding that clinically presented as subcutaneous skin nodules. After local treatment with surgical excision and radiation treatment, the patient developed retroperitoneal recurrence 5 years later. Percutaneous tract seeding is rare. There is no general consensus on prevention of tract seeding during percutaneous resection of renal urothelial tumors. Various recommendations from the literature are discussed. PMID:27868102

  2. A Case Report of Human Infection with Dioctophyma Renale from Iran.

    PubMed

    Norouzi, Roghayeh; Manochehri, Arman; Hanifi, Mustafa

    2017-03-16

    A 75-year-old man from Kurdistan province, western part of Iran was diagnosed with a mass in the right kidney by ultrasound and computed tomography. In operation, a parasitic helminth, 30 cm long and 1.2 cm in diameter consistent with D. renale was found in the right kidney. Microscopic examination revealed that the male Dioctophyma renale. Following removal of worm, the symptoms completely resolved within a few hours. Generally, parasitism by D. renale in human is a necropsy finding, nevertheless imaging techniques as ultrasound and computed tomography have been proven to be important tool to achieve diagnosis.

  3. Case-control analysis of nucleotide excision repair pathway and the risk of renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Lin, Jie; Pu, Xia; Wang, Wei; Matin, Surena; Tannir, Nizar M; Wood, Christopher G; Wu, Xifeng

    2008-11-01

    In this population-based case-control study with 325 Caucasian renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients and 335 controls matched to cases by age, gender and county of residence, we evaluated the associations between 13 potential functional polymorphisms in nine major nucleotide excision repair (NER) genes and RCC risk. In individual single nucleotide polymorphism analysis, after adjustment for multiple comparisons, a significantly decreased RCC risk was observed for the heterozygous genotype of XPD Asp312Asn [odds ratio (OR) = 0.62; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.43-0.90] and for the heterozygous and homozygous variant genotypes combined in a dominant model (OR = 0.64; 95% CI: 0.46-0.89). The heterozygous AG genotype of XPA 5'untranslated region was at 1.78-fold increased risk (95% CI: 1.18-2.69) and the risk reached 2.43-fold (95% CI: 1.57-3.75) for the homozygous variant GG genotype; the risk was significant both in the dominant model and in the recessive model. In joint analysis, compared with individuals with fewer than five adverse alleles, individuals with five (OR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.71-1.93), six (OR = 1.66; 95% CI: 1.03-2.67), seven or more (OR = 1.85; 95% CI: 1.16-2.95) exhibited a progressively increased risk of RCC (P for trend = 0.004). Further, there were significant interactions between NER pathway genes and sex, hypertension and obesity (all P for interaction <0.05). Our results strongly support that common sequence variants of the NER pathway genes predispose susceptible individuals to increased risk of RCC and that the association may be modified by gender, history of hypertension and obesity. These results need to be replicated in larger studies.

  4. Successful Living-Related Renal Allograft in a Recipient With Factor V Leiden Deficiency: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Florou, Evangelia; Koukoulaki, Maria; Theodoros, Theodoridis; Kalatzis, Vasileios; Vougas, Vasileios; Stamataki, Elissavet; Kokkinou, Vasiliki Christopoulou; Kostakis, Alkiviadis; Drakopoulos, Spiros

    2017-02-01

    Thrombophilia due to activated protein C resistance (Leiden mutation) is the most common inherited thrombophilic disorder with 5% incidence in whites. Renal transplant of these patients entails a risk of vascular thrombosis soon after the transplant; and acute rejection episodes and graft loss within the first year. We present a case of a successful living-related renal transplant in man with a recent history of repeat episodes of vascular access thrombosis attributed to inherited thrombophilia (heterozygosity for factor V mutation Q506 and homozygosity for mutation T677 for methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase). Transplant recipient was administered anticoagulation therapy with low molecular weight heparin pre- and postoperatively. No thrombotic or hemorrhagic events occurred posttransplant. A high suspicion of thrombophilic disorders in patients with end-stage renal disease with vascular access thrombotic events should be screened further to prevent failure of a subsequent renal transplant. Inherited thrombophilic disorders may not exclude living-related kidney transplant provided that anticoagulation therapy is admin-istered perioperatively.

  5. Pediatric Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in a Horseshoe Kidney: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Loya-Solis, Abelardo; Alemán-Meza, Lucía; Canales-Martínez, Luis Carlos; Franco-Márquez, Rodolfo; Rincón-Bahena, Alim Adriana; Nuñez-Barragán, Karla María; Garza-Guajardo, Raquel; Ponce-Camacho, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the kidney in adults. In children, however, it only accounts for an estimated 1.8 to 6.3% of all pediatric malignant renal tumors. Papillary renal cell carcinoma is the second most common type of renal cell carcinoma in children. We present the case of a 12-year-old boy with a 2-month history of abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, and gross hematuria. Computed tomography revealed a horseshoe kidney and a well-defined mass of 4 cm arising from the lower pole of the right kidney. Microscopically the tumor was composed of papillae covered with cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and high-grade nuclei with prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemistry was performed; EMA, Vimentin, and AMACR were strongly positive while CK7, CD10, RCC antigen, TFE3, HMB-45, and WT-1 were negative. Currently, 10 months after the surgical procedure, the patient remains clinically and radiologically disease-free. PMID:26301110

  6. [Idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula].

    PubMed

    Bennani, S; Ait Bolbarod, A; el Mrini, M; Kadiri, R; Benjelloun, S

    1996-06-01

    The authors report a case of idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula. The diagnosis was established angiographically in a 24 year old man presenting gross hematuria. Embolization of the fistula was performed. Efficiency of this treatment was appreciated clinically and by duplex renal ultrasonography. The characteristics of renal arteriovenous fistulas are reviewed.

  7. Collecting Duct Renal Cell Carcinoma Found to Involve the Collecting System During Partial Nephrectomy: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Harbin, Andrew C; Styskel, Brett A; Patel, Viren; Wang, He; Eun, Daniel D

    2015-01-01

    Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) is a rare and aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) arising from the principal cells of the collecting duct. One third of cases present with metastatic disease, but many present in a manner similar to conventional RCC or urothelial carcinoma (UC). We discuss a case of CDC which presented as a small mass at the cortico-medullary junction, and was discovered at robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) to be grossly involving the collecting system. A 62-year-old man presented with a small renal mass suspicious for RCC, which was found on computed tomography (CT) after an episode of gross hematuria. After thorough workup, RPN was attempted; however, intraoperatively the mass was found to be involving the collecting system. Radical nephroureterectomy was performed, and the pathology report revealed CDC. CDC is a rare and aggressive form of RCC. While many cases are metastatic at diagnosis, most patients present with the incidental finding of a small renal mass. There are no reports of a CDC involving the collecting system at RPN after negative ureteroscopy preoperatively. The adjuvant therapeutic options for CDC are limited, and long term survival is poor.

  8. A case of Bonneau syndrome associated with multiple renal cortical cysts.

    PubMed

    Olgun, H; Orbak, Z; Tatar, A; Sepetcigil, O

    2009-01-01

    We describe a 2-month-old girl with congenital anomalies including facial anomalies, complex cardiac anomalies, polysyndactyly, dysgenesis of distal extremities and bilateral multiple renal cysts. The proband was the child of first-cousin parents. Clinical synopsis in Bonneau syndrome (OMIM: 263630) is polysyndactyly and cardiac malformation. In addition, liver anomalies were reported in two patients. We discuss polysyndactyly and cardiac malformation with bilateral multiple renal cysts, a combination not reported previously.

  9. [Autosomal-recessive renal cystic disease and congenital hepatic fibrosis: clinico-anatomic case].

    PubMed

    Rostol'tsev, K V; Burenkov, R A; Kuz'micheva, I A

    2012-01-01

    Clinico-anatomic observation of autosomal-recessive renal cystic disease and congenital hepatic fibrosis at two fetuses from the same family was done. Mutation of His3124Tyr in 58 exon of PKHD1 gene in heterozygous state was found out. The same pathomorphological changes in the epithelium of cystic renal tubules and bile ducts of the liver were noted. We suggest that the autopsy research of fetuses with congenital abnormalities, detected after prenatal ultrasonic screening, has high diagnostic importance.

  10. Catheter-directed therapy for acute renal vein thrombosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: A case report.

    PubMed

    Jong, Chien-Boon; Lo, Wei-Yung; Hsieh, Mu-Yang

    2017-02-15

    We report our experience using catheter-directed thrombectomy/thrombolysis (CDT) to treat a patient with acute renal vein thrombosis (RVT) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A 34-year-old woman presented with persistent left flank pain, and a renal ultrasonography examination revealed an enlarged left kidney. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed the presence of acute left RVT. Because medical treatment failed to relieve her pain and the renal function was deteriorating, we attempted to salvage the occluded left renal vein using an endovascular approach. The pain was completely relieved after a CDT and an overnight urokinase infusion. A follow-up computed tomography examination revealed the complete resolution of the thrombus. The creatinine level returned to normal (1.7-0.4 mg/dL), along with contrast enhancement in the left kidney, and this suggested the preservation of renal function. To our knowledge, this is the first report utilizing CDT to treat SLE-associated RVT. When the renal function is deteriorating, CDT is worth considering for RVT if conventional medical treatment has failed. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Cyclosporine nephrotoxicity and early posttransplant hyperkalemia in living-donor renal recipients: report of 4 cases.

    PubMed

    Pavleska-Kuzmanovska, Svetlana; Popov, Zivko; Ivanovski, Ognen; Ristovska, Vesna; Masin-Spasovska, Jelka; Rambabova-Busljetic, Irena; Ivanovski, Ninoslav

    2014-10-01

    Hyperkalemia is an electrolyte disorder that may occur during the first few months after a renal transplant, in patients undergoing cyclosporine immunosuppression. We present our experience with cyclosporine-associated hyperkalemia in living-donor renal transplant recipients, with isolated clinically relevant hyperkalemia soon after surgery. We report 4 living-donor renal recipients with hyperkalemia soon after transplant. Severe unexpected hyperkalemia (7.5- 9.4 mmol/L) was noted in our patients 12, 20, 22, and 34 days after transplant. The C2 cyclosporine concentration was within recommended range or slightly greater than 1200 ng/mL. The hypertonic glucose/insulin treatment along with potassium diet was without results. A reduction in daily cyclosporine dosages, along with 1- to 2-week administration of fludrocortisone was effective. The patients became normokalemic taking a standard, triple-drug immunosuppression protocol, and were discharged home with normal renal function. There were no repeat episodes of hyperkalemia in any of the patients during 12 months of follow-up. Cyclosporine should be considered a cause of hyperkalemia in renal transplant recipients. Successful treatment with fludrocortisone confirms that transitional pseudohypoaldosteronism has a potential nephrotoxic effect of cyclosporine. We recommend close monitoring of the cyclosporine concentration and administering fludrocortisone when treating hyperkalemia in renal transplant recipients.

  12. Occupational and other exposures associated with male end-stage renal disease: A case/control study

    SciTech Connect

    Steenland, N.K.; Thun, M.J.; Ferguson, C.W.; Port, F.K. )

    1990-02-01

    We conducted a case-control study of 325 men ages 30-69 who were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) between 1976 and 1984, and resided in four urban areas of Michigan in 1984. Cases were selected from the Michigan Kidney Registry and excluded men with diabetic, congenital, and obstructive nephropathies. Controls were selected by random-digit dialing and were pair-matched to cases for age, race, and area of residence. Telephone interviews were conducted with 69 percent of eligible cases and 79 percent of eligible controls. Risk of ESRD was significantly related to phenacetin or acetaminophen consumption (odds ratio(OR) = 2.66), moonshine consumption (OR = 2.43), a family history of renal disease (OR = 9.30); and regular occupational exposures to solvents (OR = 1.51) or silica (OR = 1.67). Particular occupational exposures with elevated risk were solvents used as cleaning agents and degreasers (OR = 2.50) silica exposure in foundries or brick factories (OR = 1.92), and silica exposure during sandblasting (OR = 3.83). Little or no trend of increased risk with duration of exposure was found for these occupational exposures, with the exception of silica in sandblasting. Limitations of these data include representativeness of cases, possible overreporting by cases, and misclassification of exposures inherent in self-reports.

  13. Non-mycotic anastomotic pseudoaneurysm of renal allograft artery. Case Report.

    PubMed

    Ardita, Vincenzo; Veroux, Massimiliano; Zerbo, Domenico; D'Arrigo, Giuseppe; Caglià, Pietro; Veroux, Pierfrancesco

    2016-06-20

    Le complicanze vascolari dopo il trapianto renale non sono comuni, e nella maggior parte dei casi si presentano nel periodo post-trapianto precoce. Gli pseudoaneurismi arteriosi coinvolgono l’anastomosi arteriosa del rene trapiantato e nella maggior parte dei casi riconoscono una eziologia micotica. Una donna di 62 anni, che è stata sottoposta otto mesi prima ad un trapianto renale, presentava un vago dolore in fossa iliaca destra. L’ecografia del rene trapiantato dimostrava la presenza di un’area ipoecogena in corrispondenza dell’ilo renale, che all’ecocolordoppler appariva riccamente vascolarizzata. La tomografia computerizzata confermava la diagnosi di pseudo-aneurisma anastomotico di 33 mm di diametro, coinvolgente l’arteria del rene trapiantato. La paziente è stata dunque sottoposta a intervento chirurgico di aneurismectomia, con successivo bypass fra arteria renale del rene trapiantato e arteria iliaca interna. La continuità arteriosa iliaca è stata dunque ristabilita attraverso un by-pass iliaco-esterno-femorale comune in vena safena invertita. L’ecocolordoppler intraoperatorio dimostrava la corretta perfusione del graft renale e la corretta pervietà del by-pass iliacofemorale. Il decorso post-operatorio è stato privo di complicanze significative, eccettuata una linforrea inguinale risolta spontaneamente in 22a giornata post-operatoria. Sei mesi dopo la procedura, la paziente è in ottime condizioni generali, con una funzionalità renale conservata e una corretta pervietà del by-pass iliacofemorale. Lo pseudo-aneurisma dell’arteria renale rappresenta una rara complicanza del trapianto renale. Nella maggior parte dei casi riconosce una eziologia micotica, spesso a causa di contaminazione diretta del graft durante le procedure di prelievo o conservazione dell’organo. Il trattamento è molto complesso, e in molti casi richiede l’espianto del graft. Tuttavia, in alcuni casi selezionati, è possibile eseguire il trattamento dell

  14. Human papillomavirus-related verrucous carcinoma in a renal transplant patient after long-term immunosuppression: a case report.

    PubMed

    Imko-Walczuk, B; Cegielska, A; Placek, W; Kaszewski, Sebastian; Fiedor, P

    2014-10-01

    Verrucous carcinoma is a slow-growing tumor with 3 main localizations: Oral cavity, ano-urogenital region, and plantar surface of the foot. On the sole it may rise adjacent to viral warts and very often is mistaken for the common verruca plantaris. Although both conditions-viral warts and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma-are often diagnosed in immunosuppressed patients, in literature we have found only 3 case reports of verrucous carcinoma in organ transplant recipients. We present a case of 26-year-old man after deceased donor renal transplantation with plantar verrucous carcinoma successfully treated with excision and 5% imiquimod.

  15. Shewanella algae Bacteremia in an End-stage Renal Disease Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Takata, Tomoaki; Chikumi, Hiroki; Morishita, Shota; Hamada, Shintaro; Hoi, Shotaro; Iyama, Takuji; Fukui, Takeaki; Matono, Tomomitsu; Fukuda, Satoko; Munemura, Chishio; Isomoto, Hajime

    2017-01-01

    A 71-year-old man was admitted because of nausea and abdominal pain. He was receiving an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent for anemia and dysregulated iron metabolism due to stage G5 chronic kidney disease. He had a history of raw fish intake and was diagnosed with infectious enterocolitis, which worsened and led to septic shock. Shewanella putrefaciens grew in the blood culture, but Shewanella algae was identified in a 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. We herein report a case of S. algae bacteremia believed to have been transmitted orally. We also reviewed previous case reports on Shewanella infection in end-stage renal disease patients.

  16. Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to a pituitary FSH/LH adenoma: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Magnoli, Francesca; Finzi, Giovanna; Riva, Cristina; Capella, Carlo

    2014-12-01

    Abstract Metastases to the pituitary occur more frequently in patients with widespread cancer and mainly involve the posterior lobe. A few cases of metastatic carcinoma to a pituitary adenoma have been described so far. Here, the authors present an additional case of a clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) metastatic to a FSH/LH/α-subunit pituitary adenoma and systematically review the literature. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy were performed to characterize both neoplastic components at the morphological level. Moreover, it was hypothesized that expression of VEGF and of the corresponding receptor VEGFR1 could be implicated in the development of the carcinomatous metastasis within the adenoma.

  17. Skeletal Muscle Metastasis from Renal Cell Carcinoma: 21 cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Haygood, Tamara Miner; Sayyouh, Mohamed; Wong, Jason; Lin, Jennifer C; Matamoros, Aurelio; Sandler, Carl; Madewell, John E

    2015-08-01

    This study aimed to raise radiologists' awareness of skeletal muscle metastases (SMM) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cases and to clarify their imaging appearance. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 21 patients between 44-75 years old with 72 SMM treated from January 1990 to May 2009 at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas, USA. Additionally, 37 patients with 44 SMM from a literature review were analysed. Among the 21 patients, the majority of SMM were asymptomatic and detected via computed tomography (CT). Mean metastasis size was 18.3 mm and the most common site was the trunk muscles (83.3%). The interval between discovery of the primary tumour and metastasis detection ranged up to 234 months. Peripheral enhancement (47.1%) was the most common post-contrast CT pattern and non-contrasted CT lesions were often isodense. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics were varied. Five lesions with available T1-weighted pre-contrast images were hyperintense to the surrounding muscle. Other organ metastases were present in 20 patients. Of the 44 SMM reported in the literature, the majority were symptomatic. Average metastasis size was 53.4 mm and only 20.5% of SMM were in trunk muscles. The average interval between tumour discovery and metastasis detection was 101 months. Other organ metastases were recorded in 17 out of 29 patients. SMM should always be considered in patients with RCC, even well after primary treatment. SMM from RCC may be invisible on CT without intravenous contrast; contrast-enhanced studies are therefore recommended. SMM are often hyperintense to the surrounding muscle on T1-weighted MRI scans.

  18. Studies of glucose turnover and renal function in an unusual case of hereditary fructose intolerance.

    PubMed

    Steiner, G; Wilson, D; Vranic, M

    1977-01-01

    Examination of glucose kinetics, pancreatic alpha and beta cell function, plasma lipids, urinary acidification and calcium excretion has been undertaken in a patient with hereditary fructose intolerance. This case was unusual as it was associated with insulin-requiring diabetes, type IV hyperlipemia, hypercalciuria and renal calculi. He also demonstrated the previously described fructose-induced defect of urine acidification. Glucagon and C-peptide assays showed that the pancreatic alpha cells were stimulated by fructose and that the beta cells did not respond to fructose. It is not known whether the latter was due to his diabetes or to the lack of a beta cell response to this sugar. Primed 14C-glucose infusions were used for the first time to study nonsteady state glucose kinetics in man. They showed that, 24 hours after the last insulin injection and under basal conditions, the glucose concentrations increased because glucose production exceeded glucose utilization. However, after the administration of sorbitol the plasma glucose concentration decreased because glucose production decreased. After the administration of sorbitol there was no change in the metabolic clearance of glucose. This reflects the lack of a peripheral insulin effect and is consistent with the lack of any measurable C-peptide. Glucose utilization also decreased, but this decrease was less than the decrease in glucose production. Because the metabolic clearance of glucose remained unchanged, it was concluded that the change in glucose utilization was solely due to the decrease in glucose concentration. The absence of C-peptide in the plasma indicated that changes in glucose turnover were not related to any changes in endogenous plasma insulin. Furthermore, the plasma glucagon concentration increased and, hence, changes in this hormone could not account for the decrease in glucose production. Therefore, it was concluded that the sorbitol-induced decline in glucose production was due to a direct

  19. Thyroid metastasis from renal cell carcinoma-A case report after 9 years.

    PubMed

    Macedo-Alves, D; Koch, P; Soares, V; Gouveia, P; Honavar, M; Taveira-Gomes, A

    2015-01-01

    The thyroid gland is a rare site of clinically detectable tumor metastasis. As thyroid tumors are usually assumed to be primary in origin, its recognition as a secondary is difficult. We report a case of an 80-year old female who was referred to the Department of Surgery for a symptomatic thyroid nodule. Her medical history included a radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) nine years ago. During follow-up a pancreatic nodule was noted suggestive of a neuroendocrine tumor and the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome had to be ruled out. The fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) guided by ultrasound (US) of the thyroid nodule was inconclusive and a hemithyroidectomy and isthmectomy were performed. Histological examination revealed metastasis of a clear cell carcinoma. RCC disseminates in an unpredictable manner and can show late recurrences. Although secondary involvement of the thyroid gland by RCC is rare, it is still one of the more common neoplasms to metastasize to this site. There are no specific clinical features and few characteristic findings of metastatic thyroid carcinoma on imaging studies. FNAB is a useful procedure to diagnose metastatic thyroid cancer, but one should remain suspicious when the result for malignant cells is negative or indeterminate. After thyroidectomy the diagnosis of RCC is confirmed immunohistochemically. There is a clear survival benefit if a surgical approach to the thyroid metastasis is chosen. Thyroid metastasis should be considered in patients with a thyroid nodule and positive history for RCC. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  20. Hypercalcemia and renal function impairment associated with vitamin D toxicity: case report.

    PubMed

    Guerra, Vanessa; Vieira Neto, Osvaldo Merege; Laurindo, Alan Fernandes; Paula, Francisco Jose Albuquerque de; Moysés Neto, Miguel

    2016-12-01

    Nowadays vitamin D (25-OHD) deficiency is supposed to be a global epidemic condition. Expectedly, vitamin D measurement and intake exponentially increased in Brazil in this decade. Although the benefit of vitamin D to general health is still in debate, its indiscriminate use potentially may lead to enhance the incidence of vitamin D intoxication, which is considered a rare disorder. We report a case of a 70 year old diabetic male with chronic renal disease (blood creatinine of 1.6 mg/dL) who progressed suddenly to acute kidney injury (blood creatinine of 5.7 mg/dL) associated with hypercalcemia and high blood levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D and calcitriol were discontinued and hypercalcemia was managed by hydration followed by furosemide. Thereafter, disodium pamidronate was administered and the patient did not undergo on dialysis. It took approximately 14 months to normalize 25-OHD levels and blood creatinine returned to basal levels only after 24 months. The indicated labeling dosage was 2000 IU, but most likely the vitamin D manipulated preparation was higher as the vitamin D blood levels were very high. Although rare, vitamin D intoxication is becoming more frequent as the patients use frequently manipulated preparations that could be subject to errors in the manufacturing and labeling of the tablets or capsules. The present report alerts to the potential increase in the incidence of severe vitamin D intoxication due to the frequent use of this secosteroid as a nutritional supplement. At the same time, it is necessary to improve regulation on the nutrient supplement market.

  1. Bladder metastasis from renal cell carcinoma: retrospective analysis of 65 reported cases.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Kazuhiro; Hayakawa, Nozomi; Nakamura, So; Oya, Mototsugu

    2015-02-01

    This study was carried out to clarify the presentation, treatment options, and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis to the bladder in which we do not yet have a comprehensive understanding. A systematic Medline, Web of Science, Embase, Google, and Ichushi Web search was performed to identify articles describing RCC metastasis to the bladder. The final cohort included 65 patients. The majority (75%) experienced gross hematuria at the point of diagnosis of RCC. RCC metastasis to the bladder occurred both synchronously (23%) and metachronously (77%), and the median time for metachronous bladder metastasis following the diagnosis of RCC was 33 months. Of the 58 patients whose metastatic data were available, 36 (62%) had metastasis to the bladder only, while 22 (38%) had additional sites of metastasis. On pathology, clear cell carcinoma was the most common histology (92%) and all bladder tumors were consistent with RCC metastasis; the median tumor size was 2.1 cm, and two-thirds of cases were superficial (non-muscle invasive) disease. The 2-year cancer-specific survival rate in patients with solitary bladder metastasis was 71.1%, which was significantly higher than in patients with additional distant metastasis (25.8%, p = 0.007). Regarding the interval after the diagnosis of primary RCC, the 2-year cancer-specific survival rate in patients who experienced bladder metastasis after more than a 1 year follow-up was 58.4%, compared to 34.6% in their counterparts (p = 0.063). A curative resection may provide a good possibility of long-term survival, particularly in those with a solitary bladder metastasis and/or a long interval after nephrectomy.

  2. Oral Manifestations of Chronic Renal Failure Complicating a Systemic Genetic Disease: Diagnostic Dilemma. Case Report and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Benmoussa, Leila; Renoux, Marion; Radoï, Loredana

    2015-11-01

    Chronic renal failure can give rise to a wide spectrum of oral manifestations, owing mainly to secondary hyperparathyroidism complicating this disease. However, any systemic disease responsible for kidney failure can produce oral manifestations, which can be misdiagnosed. This report describes the case of a 40-year-old male patient referred for oral assessment before kidney and liver transplantation. He had primary hyperoxaluria complicated by end-stage renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Panoramic radiography indicated not only external root resorption, but also maxillary and mandibular radiolucencies consistent with brown tumors. Unexpectedly, histologic study of the bone biopsy specimen led to the diagnosis of jaws oxalosis. Primary hyperoxaluria is a systemic genetic disease. The affected genes are involved in glyoxylate metabolism and their deficiency results in overproduction of oxalates. Inability of the kidney to excrete oxalates leads to deposition of these crystals in almost all tissues (oxalosis) and to multiple-organ failure. Several oral findings have been described in patients with oxalosis, such as periodontal disease and root resorptions, but radiolucencies in the jaws have rarely been described. This case report is of particular interest because of the unusual location of oxalate crystal deposition in the jaws, which could be misdiagnosed in a patient with renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism.

  3. Successful Treatment of Recurrent Pulmonary Mucormycosis in a Renal Transplant Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Morgan S.; Lobo, Monica

    2017-01-01

    Background. We describe the unusual case of a recently transplanted cadaveric renal transplant recipient who presented with recurrent pulmonary mucormycosis. Case Report. An 18-year-old man with end stage renal disease secondary to congenital renal agenesis status after cadaveric kidney transplant 4 months before presented with acute onset of fever, hemoptysis, and back pain. The patient underwent an emergent left lower lobectomy due to the critical nature of his illness. He was also treated with amphotericin with resolution of his symptoms. One week later, he had evidence of recurrent disease on imaging with a surgical site infection. He underwent reexploration with evacuation of an empyema and debridement of a surgical site infection. He was continued on IV antifungal therapy with isavuconazonium and amphotericin. Radiographic clearance of disease with three months of treatment was apparent with no evidence of recurrence at seven-month follow-up. Discussion. Opportunistic infections in solid organ transplant patients represent a significant source of morbidity and mortality. Most patients are treated with prophylactic anti-infective agents. However, rare infections such as pulmonary mucormycosis remain a risk. The transplant physician must be aware of these uncommon infections and their treatment strategies, including the management of uncommon recurrent disease. PMID:28386509

  4. Alterations of ubiquitylation and sumoylation in conventional renal cell carcinomas after the Chernobyl accident: a comparison with Spanish cases.

    PubMed

    Morell-Quadreny, Luisa; Romanenko, Alina; Lopez-Guerrero, Jose Antonio; Calabuig, Silvia; Vozianov, Alexander; Llombart-Bosch, Antonio

    2011-09-01

    We determined whether ubiquitylation and sumoylation processes are involved in conventional renal cell carcinogenesis associated with chronic, long-term, persistent low doses of ionizing radiation (IR) in patients living for more than 20 years in cesium-137 ((137)Cs)-contaminated areas after the Chernobyl accident in Ukraine. To this end, we assessed the immunohistochemical expression of ubiquitin (Ub), SUMO1, SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme Ubc9, and the cell cycle regulators p53, mdm2, and p14(ARF) in 38 conventional renal cell carcinomas from Ukrainian patients with different degrees of radiation exposure after the Chernobyl accident. As control cases, 18 conventional renal carcinoma (cRCC) tissues from a Spanish cohort were analyzed. No significant differences between the Ukrainian and Spanish groups were found regarding Ub overexpression, although being higher in the Ukrainian cases. Furthermore, this expression was inversely associated with SUMO1 and Ubc9, with no correlation with tumor nuclear grade. There was also a direct relationship between Ubc9 and inflammatory response. These findings do not allow us to consider the immunohistochemical expression of ubiquitylation and sumoylation as valuable markers for discriminating the effects of long-term, low-dose IR exposure in cRCC carcinogenesis.

  5. A case of Sjögren's syndrome complicated by nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and renal tubular acidosis.

    PubMed

    Hirose, W; Kawagoe, M

    2000-09-01

    Abstract We describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) presenting with a 6-year history of polyuria and polydipsia. Laboratory data revealed hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, a normal anion gap, and an inability to acidify urine following an acid loading test and to concentrate the urine in response to water deprivation and antidiuretic hormone administration. Lymphocyte infiltration in the interstitium was found on renal biopsy. These findings allowed us to diagnose distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Steroid pulse therapy resulted in normalization of the blood pH, but failed to remit the inability to concentrate the urine. These observations suggest therapeutic applications for RTA in SS, and that further investigation is required to design a therapeutic strategy for NDI in SS.

  6. Liver transplant in a case of arthrogryposis-renal tubular dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome with severe intractable pruritus.

    PubMed

    Dehghani, Seyed Mohsen; Bahador, Ali; Nikeghbalian, Saman; Salahi, Heshmatollah; Geramizadeh, Bita; Malekpour, Abdorrasoul; Malek-Hosseini, Seyed Ali

    2013-06-01

    Arthrogryposis-renal tubular dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome (MIM No. 208085) is a rare multisystem disorder involving the liver, kidney, skin, and central nervous and musculoskeletal systems. The syndrome is an autosomal-recessive trait, associated with germ-line mutations in the VPS33B gene. We report an Iranian boy of consanguineous cousin parents who had congenital deformities of the upper and lower extremities, severe ichthyosis, cholestasis, intractable pruritus, metabolic acidosis, and failure to thrive. Owing to cholestasis, severe intractable pruritus, and poor quality of life, he underwent a living-related liver transplant from his mother, and his ichthyosis and pruritus dramatically improved. To the best of our knowledge, this is a first case of someone with arthrogryposis-renal tubular dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome who underwent a liver transplant and is in good condition more than 5 years after surgery.

  7. Case report of primary renal pelvis squamous cell carcinoma coexisting with long-standing calculi in left kidney on 18F-FDG PET/CT

    PubMed Central

    Deng, Shengming; Zhang, Bin; Huang, Ying; Li, Jihui; Sang, Shibiao; Zhang, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Primary renal pelvis squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an extremely rare neoplasm. In many patients, the SCC was associated with renal calculi. Patient concerns: A 61-year-old male presented with intermittent pain at the left lumbar region for 3 days. The PET/CT images demonstrated increased 18F-FDG uptake in the upper pole of the left kidney and left renal hilar lymph nodes. Diagnoses: Pathologic examination revealed well-moderately differentiated renal pelvis SCC with lymphatic metastasis. Interventions: The patient underwent a left nephrectomy a few days after the initial staging PET/CT study. Outcomes: No growing lesion or metastasis was observed during a 6-month follow-up. Lessons: Our case demonstrates that 18F-FDG PET/CT is a useful diagnostic tool to evaluate primary renal pelvic SCC and detect metastatic lymph nodes in patients with long-standing calculi. PMID:28296764

  8. High phenobarbital clearance during continuous renal replacement therapy: a case report and pharmacokinetic analysis.

    PubMed

    Rosenborg, Staffan; Saraste, Lars; Wide, Katarina

    2014-08-01

    Phenobarbital is an old antiepileptic drug used in severe epilepsy. Despite this, little is written about the need for dose adjustments in renal replacement therapy. Most sources recommend a moderately increased dose guided by therapeutic drug monitoring.A 14 year old boy with nonketotic hyperglycinemia, a rare inborn error of metabolism, characterized by high levels of glycine, epilepsy, spasticity, and cognitive impairment, was admitted to the emergency department with respiratory failure after a few days of fever and cough. The boy was unconscious at admittance and had acute renal and hepatic failure.Due to the acute respiratory infection, hypoxic hepatic and renal failure occurred and the patient had a status epilepticus.The patient was intubated and mechanically ventilated. Continuous renal replacement therapy was initiated. Despite increased phenobarbital doses, therapeutic levels were not reached until the dose was increased to 500 mg twice daily. Therapeutic drug monitoring was performed in plasma and dialysate. Calculations revealed that phenobarbital was almost freely dialyzed.Correct dosing of drugs in patients on renal replacement therapy may need a multidisciplinary approach and guidance by therapeutic drug monitoring.

  9. Synchronous malignant renal mass in patient with a Lung cancer: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Mazouz, Aicha; Amaadour, Lamiae; souaf, Ihsane; El Fatemi, Hinde; Amarti, Afaf; Erraisse, Mohamed Ait; Oubelkacem, Essaadia; Bouhafa, Touria; Tahiri, Yassir; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Mellas, Soufiane; Arifi, Samia; Mellas, Nawfel

    2015-01-01

    The finding on imaging (computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging) of synchronous malignant renal mass in patient with an active nonrenal malignancy without renal specific symptoms is not frequent and diagnostic evaluation can be challenging. We describe a 54-year-old Moroccan male former chronic smoker who presented to our hospital with dry cough and impairment of the performance status. The imaging found a tumor mass in the left upper lobe of the lung associated to mediastinal lymph node and a scanno-guided biopsy of this tumor showed a non small cell lung cancer. The radiological staging revealed a solitary renal mass in the right kidney. The patient received firstly two cycles of a lung cancer chemotherapy with a partial response in the lung and a stability of the renal mass. Consequently, he underwent a scanno-guided biopsy of this mass which confirmed a synchronous clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient got chemo radiotherapy for the lung cancer and then after that he got a partial nephrectomy. He is still under a good control with more than 2 years after the initial diagnosis.

  10. Synchronous malignant renal mass in patient with a Lung cancer: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Mazouz, Aicha; Amaadour, Lamiae; Souaf, Ihsane; El Fatemi, Hinde; Amarti, Afaf; Erraisse, Mohamed Ait; Oubelkacem, Essaadia; Bouhafa, Touria; Tahiri, Yassir; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Mellas, Soufiane; Arifi, Samia; Mellas, Nawfel

    2015-01-01

    The finding on imaging (computed tomography scan or magnetic resonance imaging) of synchronous malignant renal mass in patient with an active nonrenal malignancy without renal specific symptoms is not frequent and diagnostic evaluation can be challenging. We describe a 54-year-old Moroccan male former chronic smoker who presented to our hospital with dry cough and impairment of the performance status. The imaging found a tumor mass in the left upper lobe of the lung associated to mediastinal lymph node and a scanno-guided biopsy of this tumor showed a non small cell lung cancer. The radiological staging revealed a solitary renal mass in the right kidney. The patient received firstly two cycles of a lung cancer chemotherapy with a partial response in the lung and a stability of the renal mass. Consequently, he underwent a scanno-guided biopsy of this mass which confirmed a synchronous clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient got chemo radiotherapy for the lung cancer and then after that he got a partial nephrectomy. He is still under a good control with more than 2 years after the initial diagnosis. PMID:26015842

  11. T-Wave Alternans, Heart Rate Turbulence, and Ventricular Ectopy in Standard versus Daily Hemodialysis: Results from the FHN Daily Trial.

    PubMed

    Kaplan, Rachel M; Herzog, Charles A; Larive, Brett; Subacius, Haris; Nearing, Bruce D; Verrier, Richard; Passman, Rod S

    2016-11-01

    Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). HD 6-times/week (6x/wk) may reduce SCD risk compared to usual 3-times/week HD (3x/wk) by mechanisms unknown. T-wave alternans (TWA), heart rate turbulence (HRT), and ventricular ectopy (VE) are elevated in HD patients, but their response to 6x/wk HD has not been assessed. Baseline and 1-year Holter recordings were analyzed from enrollees in the Frequent Hemodialysis Network Daily Trial, a randomized trial comparing 3x/wk to 6x/wk in 245 chronic HD patients. TWA, HRT, and VE were assessed using MARS software. Sixty-eight patients (34 with 6x/wk) had complete baseline and 1-year Holter recordings. Mean age was 50 ± 13 years and 38% were female. Maximum TWA in the 3x/wk and 6x/wk groups were 52.4 μV at baseline and 51.2 μV at 1-year versus 54.0 and 49.9 μV, respectively (P = 0.28). The proportion of abnormal HRT (scores of 1 or 2) in the 3x/wk group decreased from 65% to 56% at 1-year versus 53% to 53% in the 6x/wk group (P = 0.58). Mean %VE changed from 1.6% to 2.9% in the 3x/wk group from baseline to 1-year and from 2.1% to 3.7% in the 6x/wk group (P = 0.85). There were no significant differences in HRT or VE at 1-year in chronic HD patients randomized to 6x/wk versus 3x/wk and a trend in TWA reduction. Additional studies are needed to evaluate the impact and mechanisms of SCD in HD. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. A case of severe chlorite poisoning successfully treated with early administration of methylene blue, renal replacement therapy, and red blood cell transfusion: case report.

    PubMed

    Gebhardtova, Andrea; Vavrinec, Peter; Vavrincova-Yaghi, Diana; Seelen, Mark; Dobisova, Anna; Flassikova, Zora; Cikova, Andrea; Henning, Robert H; Yaghi, Aktham

    2014-08-01

    The case of a 55-year-old man who attempted suicide by ingesting <100 mL of 28% sodium chlorite solution is presented. On arrival in the intensive care unit, the patient appeared cyanotic with lowered consciousness and displayed anuria and chocolate brown serum.Initial laboratory tests revealed 40% of methemoglobin. The formation of methemoglobin was effectively treated with methylene blue (10% after 29 hours).To remove the toxin, and because of the anuric acute renal failure, the patient received renal replacement therapy. Despite these therapeutic measures, the patient developed hemolytic anemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation, which were treated with red blood cell transfusion and intermittent hemodialysis. These interventions led to the improvement of his condition and the patient eventually fully recovered. Patient gave written informed consent.This is the third known case of chlorite poisoning that has been reported. Based upon this case, we suggest the management of sodium chlorite poisoning to comprise the early administration of methylene blue, in addition to renal replacement therapy and transfusion of red blood cells.

  13. A case-control study of occupation/industry and renal cell carcinoma risk.

    PubMed

    Karami, Sara; Colt, Joanne S; Schwartz, Kendra; Davis, Faith G; Ruterbusch, Julie J; Munuo, Stella S; Wacholder, Sholom; Stewart, Patricia A; Graubard, Barry I; Rothman, Nathanial; Chow, Wong-Ho; Purdue, Mark P

    2012-08-08

    The role of occupation in the etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is unclear. Here, we investigated associations between employment in specific occupations and industries and RCC, and its most common histologic subtype, clear cell RCC (ccRCC). Between 2002 and 2007, a population-based case-control study of Caucasians and African Americans (1,217 cases; 1,235 controls) was conducted within the Detroit and Chicago metropolitan areas to investigate risk factors for RCC. As part of this study, occupational histories were ascertained through in-person interviews. We computed odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) relating occupation and industry to RCC risk using adjusted unconditional logistic regression models. Employment in the agricultural crop production industry for five years or more was associated with RCC (OR = 3.3 [95% CI = 1.0-11.5]) and ccRCC in particular (OR = 6.3 [95% CI = 1.7-23.3], P for trend with duration of employment = 0.0050). Similarly, RCC risk was elevated for employment of five years or longer in non-managerial agricultural and related occupations (ORRCC = 2.1 [95% CI = 1.0-4.5]; ORccRCC = 3.1 [95% CI = 1.4-6.8]). Employment in the dry-cleaning industry was also associated with elevated risk (ORRCC = 2.0 [95% CI = 0.9-4.4], P for trend = 0.093; ORccRCC = 3.0 [95% CI = 1.2-7.4], P for trend = 0.031). Suggestive elevated associations were observed for police/public safety workers, health care workers and technicians, and employment in the electronics, auto repair, and cleaning/janitorial services industries; protective associations were suggested for many white-collar jobs including computer science and administrative occupations as well employment in the business, legislative, and education industries. Our findings provide support for an elevated risk of RCC in the agricultural and dry-cleaning industries and suggest that these associations may be stronger for the cc

  14. A case of renal oxalosis in a 3-month-old cat raised under controlled conditions.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Takayuki; Uetsuka, Koji; Doi, Kunio; Nunoya, Tetsuo

    2012-03-01

    The kidneys of a 3-month-old female cat were examined. The cat which had been raised under controlled conditions with no history of any poisoning showed progressive weight loss with increases in blood BUN and creatinine concentrations. At necropsy, both kidneys were firm in consistency with formation of focal scars. Histopathologically, widespread deposition of crystals was observed in the renal tubules (in both dilated lumina and degenerative epithelia) accompanying mild interstitial fibrosis with lymphocyte infiltration. The crystals were colorless or basophilic on the hematoxilin and eosin-stained section and could be visualized with polarized light as doubly fractile crystals. The crystals were identified as calcium oxalate crystals by histochemical examinations using von Kossa stain and alizarin red S stain under different conditions and by ultrastructural examination. Judging from the above-mentioned findings, the present renal lesion detected in an infant cat was diagnosed as renal oxalosis which was suspected to be hereditary in nature.

  15. Multivisceral Fibromuscular Dysplasia: An Unusual Case of Renal and Superior Mesenteric Involvement

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), a disease process which leads to arterial stenosis and aneurysm formation, has been reported to occur in almost every arterial bed in the body. However, multivisceral FMD is rare, and we report a 43-year-old woman with hypertension who had incidental finding of FMD of both renal arteries and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The left renal aneurysms and right renal stenosis were successfully treated by aneurysm resection and aortorenal bypass and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, respectively. The asymptomatic FMD of the SMA was treated conservatively. The indications for intervention in patients with asymptomatic FMD have not been clarified till date, and we therefore advise a close surveillance program. PMID:23555404

  16. Proximal renal tubular acidosis in pregnancy. A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Firmin, C J; Kruger, T F; Davids, R

    2007-01-01

    Renal tubular acidosis is usually associated with chronic renal conditions and is rarely encountered in pregnancy. It may be inherited causing osteomalacia and rickets in children or acquired following autoimmune diseases or following exposure to nephrotoxic agents. It is known to worsen during pregnancy and if left untreated may cause maternal and foetal morbidity or death. We report a 28-year-old woman, gravida 3 para 2, who presented at 30 weeks gestation with lethargy, weakness and generalized myalgia. Investigation revealed severe hypokalaemia and a systemic metabolic acidosis due to proximal renal tubular acidosis. Her previous pregnancies were both complicated by foetal losses at term. Following prompt correction of her electrolyte disturbance and metabolic acidosis, she went on to deliver a healthy female infant at term. Regular evaluation up to 1 year post-partum revealed mild persistence of her hypokalaemia. At 1 year, the infant showed no signs of the disorder and is growing normally.

  17. Treatment of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis Recurrence in the Renal Allograft: A Report of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Tran, Minh-Ha; Chan, Cynthia; Pasch, Whitney; Carpenter, Philip; Ichii, Hirohito; Foster, Clarence

    2016-01-01

    Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) causes glomerular lesions that can progress to end-stage renal disease. It is suspected to be caused by a circulating factor that is amenable to plasmapheresis removal and exhibits a risk for recurrence in the renal allograft. We present two patients with FSGS recurrence in their allograft kidneys diagnosed by biopsy after significant proteinuria developed in the posttransplant setting. Treatment with therapeutic plasma exchange induced long-term remission in both patients. Spot urine protein:creatinine ratios were monitored and treatment was continued until a target of <0.5 was achieved. In patient number two, a second peak in proteinuria and azotemia was ultimately attributable to ureteral stenosis and these values normalized following repair. In conclusion, therapeutic plasma exchange is an effective treatment for FSGS recurring following renal transplant. PMID:27099858

  18. Evaluation of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with chronic renal failure: a case control study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Oxidative stress is related to several diseases, including chronic renal insufficiency. The disequilibrium in the oxidant-antioxidant balance is the result of several metabolic changes. The majority of studies to-date have evaluated the grade of oxidative stress with a single biomarker, or a very limited number of them. Findings The present study used several important biomarkers to establish a score relating to oxidative stress status (glutathione S-transferase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, reduced and oxidized glutathione, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and hemolysis test). The score of oxidative stress (SOS) was then applied to a group of patients with renal insufficiency not on hemodialysis, and compared to healthy control individuals. The score for patients with chronic renal insufficiency was significantly different from that of the healthy control group (0.62 ± 1.41 vs. -0.05 ± 0.94; p < 0.001). The comparison between patients with chronic renal insufficiency and control individuals showed significant differences with respect to changes in the enzymatic antioxidant systems (glutathione S-transferase, glutathione reductase), non-enzymatic antioxidant system (oxidized glutathione) and oxidizability (hemolysis test) indicating significant oxidative stress associated with chronic renal insufficiency. Conclusions Patients with chronic renal insufficiency not on hemodialysis are susceptible to oxidative stress. The mechanisms that underlie this status are the consequence of changes in glutathione and related enzymes. The SOS scoring system is a useful biochemical parameter to evaluate the influence of oxidative stress on the clinical status of these patients. PMID:20181004

  19. A Novel Flexible Ureteroscopy with Intelligent Control of Renal Pelvic Pressure: An Initial Experience of 93 Cases.

    PubMed

    Deng, Xiaolin; Song, Leming; Xie, Donghua; Fan, Difu; Zhu, Lunfeng; Yao, Lei; Wang, Xiaolin; Liu, Shaohua; Zhang, Yonghua; Liao, Xiaohui; Liu, Shengfeng; Peng, Zuofeng; Hu, Min; Zhu, Xianxin; Huang, Jianrong; Liu, Tairong; Du, Chuance; Guo, Shulin; Yang, Zhongsheng; Peng, Guanghua; Ye, Zhangqun

    2016-10-01

    Flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS) is rapidly becoming a first-line therapy for patients with renal and ureteral calculi. Most current medical infusion devices can only monitor infusion flow and pressure, but not renal pelvic pressure (RPP). We designed a patented intelligent system to facilitate flexible URS that included an irrigation and suctioning platform and a ureteral access sheath (UAS) with a pressure-sensitive tip, enabling regulation of the infusion flow precisely and control of the vacuum suctioning by computerized real-time recording and monitoring of RPP. A stable RPP was ensured by pressure feedback technology. Ninety-three patients with renal or ureteral calculi participated in the study and received flexible URS. Gravel particles were sucked out automatically during the flexible URS. Patients were evaluated on postoperative days 1 and 30 by X-ray of kidneys, ureters, and bladder to assess stone-free status. In 81 of the 93 patients, only one surgery was needed to remove the stone. There were nine cases who failed the first surgery due to difficulty in placing the UAS, but flexible URS was performed in these patients after indwelling a Double-J stent to the ureter with the calculus for 2 weeks. Three cases were converted to percutaneous nephrolithotomy due to significant ureteral stenosis. For the 90 patients who underwent flexible URS, the actual RPP was controlled under 20 mmHg with clear operative visualization. The stone-free rates at postoperative days 1 and 30 were 90.0% (81/90) and 95.6% (86/90), respectively. Clavien I complications were noted in 13 cases, while Clavien II complications were noted in two cases. No major complications (Clavien III-V) were noted. Our patented system is technically feasible, safe, and efficient for treating upper urinary calculi. The advantages include breaking stones effectively and low complication rates because of its automatic control of RPP.

  20. A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis in association with Schistosoma hematobium.

    PubMed

    Khan, Muhammad A A; Kar, Ashok; Walker, Marjorie M; Lloyd, Jo; Vale, Justin A; Mayer, Erik K

    2012-01-01

    A 72-year-old man presented with painless frank haematuria. Investigations included intravenous urogram and abdominal/pelvic CT which revealed a marked focal thickening of the wall of the inferior aspect of the left renal pelvis extending into the lower pole calyx and into the pelviureteric junction resulting in left hydronephrosis. Urine cytology demonstrated clusters of malignant keratinised squamous cells and schistosome ova. He underwent left laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy and histology revealed moderately differentiated keratinising squamous cell carcinoma in the renal pelvis.

  1. Anterior and posterior nutcracker syndrome accompanying left circumaortic renal vein in an adolescent: case report.

    PubMed

    Özkan, Mehmet B; Ceyhan Bilgici, Meltem; Hayalioglu, Emre

    2016-04-01

    The left renal vein (LRV) has many developmental variations; the two most common are the circumaortic and the retrocaval. Anterior nutcracker syndrome is the compression of the LRV between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery, whereas posterior nutcracker syndrome occurs between the vertebral column and the aorta. An adolescent male (aged 16 years) was referred to the emergency department for flank pain. CT findings showed the combination of anterior and posterior nutcracker syndrome in the left circumaortic renal vein, which has not previously been described in an adolescent.

  2. Ethambutol-induced optic neuritis in patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis: two case reports and literature review.

    PubMed

    Fang, Ji-Tseng; Chen, Yung-Chang; Chang, Ming-Yang

    2004-03-01

    Ethambutol, a synthetic bacteriostatic agent, is a first line agent against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although optic neuritis is the most serious adverse effect of ethambutol, most cases in the literature are reversible. Renal failure prolongs the half-life of ethambutol and increases the risk of ethambutol-induced optic neuritis. We present two patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), who were on maintenance dialysis and suffering ethambutol-induced optic neuritis. The first woman had been suffering ESRD on hemodialysis for 2 years. After tuberculosis was diagnosed, she was prescribed three-combined anti-tuberculosis medications, including ethambutol 800 mg/day. Bilateral blurred vision suddenly occurred 4 months after the start of treatment, and she became totally blind despite discontinuing ethambutol. The second woman had been on hemodialysis for 5 months. Tuberculosis was diagnosed by lung biopsy. After 3 weeks of three-combined anti-tuberculosis medications including ethambutol (1,200 mg/day), reduced visual acuity and color vision defects occurred. One year after the discontinuation of ethambutol, visual acuity remained little improved. Physicians should be aware of ethambutol-induced optic neuritis and ethambutol should be used cautiously in patients with renal failure.

  3. Hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic syndrome associated with rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure: a case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Ka, T; Takahashi, S; Tsutsumi, Z; Moriwaki, Y; Yamamoto, T; Fukuchi, M

    2003-01-01

    A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of general fatigue and drowsiness. On admission, a physical examination disclosed dehydration and a laboratory investigation revealed the following values: plasma glucose, 1309 mg/dl; serum sodium, 160 mmol/l; potassium, 3.0 mmol/l; urea nitrogen, 65 mg/dl; creatinine, 2.73 mg/dl; and plasma osmolarity, 403 mOsm/kg. Urine ketone bodies were negative. A diagnosis of hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic syndrome was made, and hydration with an infusion of hypotonic saline (0.45%) and insulin therapy were immediately started. However, despite adequate rehydration and correction of blood glucose, his serum creatinine level increased to 3.1 mg/dl, while oliguria and myoglobinuria developed on the 4th hospital day, with serum creatine kinase increasing up to a maximum level of 16,749 IU/l, suggesting rhabdomyolysis. A final diagnosis of hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic syndrome associated with rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure was made. His renal function gradually improved without hemodialysis, though acute renal failure due to rhabdomyolysis with hyperosmolar non-ketotic diabetic syndrome can sometimes be fatal. This rare case is presented along with a review of literature.

  4. Spectrum of bacterial pathogens and their antibiogram from cases of urinary tract infection among renal disorder patients.

    PubMed

    Shakya, R; Amatya, R; Karki, B M S; Mandal, P K; Shrestha, K K

    2014-09-01

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the commonest bacterial infection occurring in renal disorder patients and is associated with significant morbidity. Resistance to antibiotics is highly prevalent in bacterial isolates and is an emerging problem in UTI. A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted from April 2011 to September 2011 to determine the frequency and bacterial profile of urinary tract infections in the patients with renal disorders visiting KIST Hospital along with their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Urine samples were collected from 300 clinically-suspected cases of UTI among renal disorder patients and investigated by conventional semi-quantitative culture technique, microscopy and antibiotic susceptibility test. Significant bacteriuria were detected in 34% of the total subjects, mostly from patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Incidence of bacteriuria was found higher in females (40.40%) than in males (27.52%) and mostly occurred in elderly patients. Escherichia coli (62.75%) was the predominant isolate followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (10.78%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.80%), Coagulase negative Staphylococcus aureus (CoNS) (5.88%), Enterococcus spp (3.92%), Klebsiella oxytoca (2.00%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2.00%), Proteus mirabilis (2.00%) and Proteus vulgaris (1.00%). Multidrug resistance was observed in 68.82% of the total bacterial isolates.

  5. Primary adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis, ureter and the urinary bladder: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    XIONG, XING; JIA, LINGHUA; WANG, JINGEN

    2016-01-01

    Primary adenocarcinoma is a rare type of urological neoplasm. The present study reports the case of a 55-year-old man with multifocal adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis, ureter and urinary bladder that occurred in association with a large cystic calculus and perinephric abscess. The patient had suffered from gross hematuria for 2 years and right flank pain for 2 months. Following a series of investigations, a large cystic calculus with multiple tumors in the renal pelvis and ureter was identified. Multifocal tumors and a large calculus were located in the bladder using a cystoscope. The pathological report of 3 individual biopsies revealed a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Right nephrectomy, ureterectomy, radical cystectomy and left ureterocutaneostomy were performed. The pathological investigation revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis, ureter and urinary bladder. No additional treatment was administered and the patient remains alive at follow-up without disease recurrence or metastasis. Although uncommon, the development of a tumor is possible in patients that possess long-standing urolithiasis, particularly when accompanied by hydronephrosis or infection. PMID:26998081

  6. A rare cause of the pulmonary-renal syndrome: a case of atypical haemolytic-uraemic syndrome complicated by pulmonary haemorrhage

    PubMed Central

    Derebail, Vimal K.; Parikh, Palak; Jennette, J. Charles; Kshirsagar, Abhijit V.

    2008-01-01

    Pulmonary haemorrhage is a potentially life-threatening event that may occur in patients with pulmonary-renal syndromes. These syndromes have typically been thought to occur in small-vessel vasculitides, such as ANCA-mediated disease, Goodpasture's disease and other autoimmune conditions including systemic lupus erythematosus or anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome. Here, we present a rare cause for pulmonary haemorrhage with associated renal failure—atypical haemolytic-uraemic syndrome. In this case, renal biopsy was integral to providing a diagnosis and guiding therapy. PMID:22514557

  7. Contribution of magnetic resonance imaging to prenatal differential diagnosis of renal tumors: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Linam, L E; Yu, X; Calvo-Garcia, M A; Rubio, E I; Crombleholme, T M; Bove, K; Kline-Fath, B M

    2010-01-01

    Enlargement of a kidney on prenatal imaging is usually due to hydronephrosis or cystic renal disease, and much less often results from solid tumors such as mesoblastic nephroma, Wilms' tumor, nephroblastomatosis, renal sarcoma, and angiomyolipoma. All can be diagnosed by ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful not only in confirming the presence of a renal mass, but also in the evaluation of the contralateral kidney for subtle abnormalities. We present one case each of Wilms' tumor and mesoblastic nephroma, both detected on antenatal ultrasound and further studied with fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. Bilateral Renal Lymphangiectasia.

    PubMed

    Pandya, Vaidehi K; Shah, Maulin K; Gandhi, Shruti P; Patel, Himanshu V

    2016-09-01

    Renal Lymphangiectasia (RLM) is very rare benign lymphatic malformation. It can be misdiagnosed for other cystic renal masses, most commonly polycystic kidneys. Though incidentally found in most cases, it may be the cause for hypertension and renal failure in undiagnosed patients. Here, we report a case of an adult asymptomatic male with bilateral RLM which was detected as an incidental finding on ultrasound. Confirmation by CT-scan and laboratory diagnosis of aspirated fluid was done, and patient was managed conservatively.

  9. Renal artery aneurysms.

    PubMed

    González, J; Esteban, M; Andrés, G; Linares, E; Martínez-Salamanca, J I

    2014-01-01

    A renal artery aneurysm is defined as a dilated segment of renal artery that exceeds twice the diameter of a normal renal artery. Although rare, the diagnosis and incidence of this entity have been steadily increasing due to the routine use of cross-sectional imaging. In certain cases, renal artery aneurysms may be clinically important and potentially lethal. However, knowledge of their occurrence, their natural history, and their prognosis with or without treatment is still limited. This article aims to review the recent literature concerning renal artery aneurysms, with special consideration given to physiopathology, indications for treatment, different technical options, post-procedure complications and treatment outcomes.

  10. Tubulocystic carcinoma of the kidney: clinicopathologic analysis of 31 cases of a distinctive rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Amin, Mahul B; MacLennan, Gregory T; Gupta, Ruta; Grignon, David; Paraf, Francois; Vieillefond, Annick; Paner, Gladell P; Stovsky, Mark; Young, Andrew N; Srigley, John R; Cheville, John C

    2009-03-01

    A distinctive tumor described under the terms Bellini duct carcinoma and low-grade collecting duct carcinoma has been referred to by us and others as tubulocystic carcinoma. This renal cell carcinoma subtype is not recognized in the World Health Organization 2004 classification. Herein, we present a detailed study of 31 cases to further characterize this rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma. The tumor occurred in adults (mean age, 54 years) with a strong male predominance (7:1). Grossly, the tumors ranged from 0.7 to 17 cm, and exhibited a spongy or "bubble wrap" appearance reflecting the microscopic presence of variably sized cystically dilated tubules lined by a single layer of epithelium. The lining varied with a cuboidal, flat, and hobnail cell appearance, and the neoplastic cells had abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei with prominent nucleoli. The cysts were closely spaced with an intervening variably fibrotic stroma. Immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural examination showed features of proximal convoluted tubules (Pax 2 immunoreactivity and short microvilli with brush border organization) and distal nephron (kidney-specific cadherin immunoreactivity and cytoplasmic interdigitation). Gene expression profiling showed that tubulocystic carcinoma displayed a unique molecular signature. Twenty-four tumors were stage pT1, 4 stage pT2, and 3 stage pT3. Disease progression (median follow-up of 56 months) occurred in 3 patients; 1 with local recurrence, and 2 with distant metastasis to bone and liver. In light of the distinctive clinicopathologic features and a low but definite metastatic potential, this unique subtype of renal cell carcinoma deserves formal recognition in the contemporary classification of renal neoplasms.

  11. Feline chronic renal failure: calcium homeostasis in 80 cases diagnosed between 1992 and 1995.

    PubMed

    Barber, P J; Elliott, J

    1998-03-01

    Eighty cats with chronic renal failure (CRF) were evaluated in a prospective study to investigate the prevalence and aetiopathogenesis of renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (RHPTH), using routine plasma biochemistry and assays of parathyroid hormone (PTH), blood ionised calcium and 1,25 dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25[OH]2D3). Hyperparathyroidism was a frequent sequela of CRF, affecting 84 per cent of cats with CRF, the severity and prevalence of RHPTH increasing with the degree of renal dysfunction. Compared with an age-matched control population, plasma concentrations of phosphate and PTH were significantly higher and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in the two groups of cats presenting with clinical signs of CRF. Significant ionised hypocalcaemia was present only in cats with end-stage renal failure. However, a number of cats were hyperparathyroid in the absence of abnormalities in the parameters of calcium homeostasis measured in this study. There was a significant correlation between plasma phosphate and PTH concentrations.

  12. Diagnosis of myxedema coma complicated by renal failure: a case report.

    PubMed

    Takamura, Akiteru; Sangen, Ryusho; Furumura, Yoshiki; Usuda, Daisuke; Kasamaki, Yuji; Kanda, Tsugiyasu

    2017-04-01

    Myxedema coma, caused by severe lack of thyroid hormone, is characterized by deterioration of mental status, hypothermia, hypotension, hyponatremia, and hypoventilation. We describe an 84-year-old woman who presented with renal failure and new onset severe hypothyroidism leading to challenges in the recognition of myxedema coma.

  13. Two clinical cases of renal syndrome caused by Dobrava/Saaremaa hantaviruses imported to the Netherlands from Poland and Belarus, 2012–2014

    PubMed Central

    GeurtsvanKessel, Corine H.; Goeijenbier, Marco; Verner-Carlsson, Jenny; Litjens, Eline; Bos, Willem-Jan; Pas, Suzan D.; Medonça Melo, Mariana; Koopmans, Marion; Lundkvist, Åke; Reusken, Chantal B. E. M.

    2016-01-01

    We report the rare event of two imported cases in the Netherlands presenting with renal syndrome caused by Dobrava (DOBV)/Saaremaa (SAAV) hantaviruses. DOBV/SAAV hantaviruses are not circulating in the Netherlands and their clinical manifestation is typically more severe than that of the endemic Puumala virus (PUUV). This report aims to increase awareness among healthcare professionals and diagnostic laboratories to consider different hantaviruses as a cause of renal failure. PMID:26818411

  14. Extremely Delayed Multiple Brain Metastases from Renal Cell Carcinoma: Remission Achieved with Total Surgical Removal: Case Report and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Fukushima, Yuta; Yoshikawa, Gakushi; Takasago, Megumi; Shimizu, Seiichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuo

    2016-08-01

    Late brain metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is generally considered as metastasis occurring more than 10 years after nephrectomy, often occurs as a solitary lesion, and total resection is recommended to achieve remission. We describe a rare case of multiple late brain metastases from RCC in a 60-year-old man who presented with 3 brain metastases from RCC 22 years after nephrectomy. Total removal of the 3 lesions achieved remission without adjuvant therapy. Total removal of late brain metastasis from RCC, even occurring with multiple lesions, can achieve total remission under specific conditions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. [A case of cat-scratch-induced Pasteurella multocida infection presenting with disseminated intravascular coagulation and acute renal failure].

    PubMed

    Fukuchi, Takahiko; Morisawa, Yuji

    2009-09-01

    Domestic animals are the main reservoirs of Pasteurella species for human zoonosis due to bites and scratches. Pasterurella multocida may cause serious soft-tissue infection and, less commonly, sepsis or septic shock, particularly in insufficient initial therapy and an immunocompromised host. We report a case of cat-scratch-induced P. multocida infection, presenting with disseminated intravascular coagulation and acute renal failure. A febrile 83-year-old woman with consciousness disturbance and a subcutaneous left-foot abscess due to a scratch from a pet cat. She was successfully treated with antibiotic piperacillin and clindamycin therapy and aggressive wound drainage.

  16. Primary mesenchymal chondrosarcoma with bilateral kidney invasion and calcification in renal pelvis: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Chen, Duqun; Ye, Z I; Wu, Xionghui; Shi, Bentao; Zhou, Lijun; Sun, Shuolei; Wei, Benlin; Yang, Shangqi; Mao, Xiangming; Lai, Yongqing

    2015-08-01

    Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC) is a rare malignant cartilaginous forming tumor. MC of the kidney is extremely rare, with only seven cases reported in the literature. The present study described the case of a 17-year-old male, who presented with sudden severe pain in the right flank and a high fever. Imaging studies demonstrated a large soft heterogeneous mass (7.8×9.5×15 cm) located between the liver and right kidney with no clear demarcation, and a well-demarcated mass (1.3×2.4 cm) with patchy dense calcification occupying the left renal pelvis. Following the diagnosis of a Wilms' tumor, the patient underwent a right radical nephrectomy and the pathological diagnosis was MC of the kidney. To the best of our knowledge, the current study presents the first case of MC with bilateral kidney invasion and calcification in the renal pelvis. In addition, the clinical, radiological and pathological features, and the management of this unusual neoplasm were discussed.

  17. Androgen deprivation therapy in prostate cancer and risk of developing renal calculi: Results of a case-control study.

    PubMed

    Díaz Convalía, Enrique Javier; Cano-García, María Del Carmen; Miján-Ortiz, José Luis; Arrabal-Martín, Miguel; Arrabal-Polo, Miguel Ángel; Cózar-Olmo, José Manuel

    2017-06-07

    Androgenic deprivation therapy in prostate cancer is associated with the onset of different adverse effects, including osteoporosis and metabolic syndrome. Both are related to the onset of nephrolithiasis. The objective of this article is to study the incidence of renal stones in patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy with LHRH analogue. Case-control study including a total of 85 patients divided into 2 groups: group 1, with 41 patients on androgen deprivation therapy, and group 2, with 44 patients not receiving androgen deprivation therapy. New-onset lithiasis was observed in 12 cases (29.3%) in group 1 compared to 2 cases (4.5%) in group 2 (P=.0001), 4.4 years after starting the androgen deprivation therapy. The estimated odds ratio was 8.69 (95% CI 1.81-41.76). The incidence of renal stones could be increased in patients receiving treatment with analogue LHRH. However, long-term prospective studies with a metabolic control are required to be able to establish the causes explaining the development of this phenomenon in patients undergoing treatment with androgen deprivation therapy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Evaluation of Renal Function in Pregnant Women with Malaria: A Case-Control Study in a Mesoendemic Area

    PubMed Central

    Essien-Baidoo, Samuel; Baffour Gyau, Albert

    2017-01-01

    Background. Malaria is known to have devastating effects on mortality in tropical and subtropical regions with the effect being magnified in people with weakened immunity such as those in pregnancy. We assessed the effect of malaria on renal function of pregnant women receiving antenatal care in a mesoendemic area of Ghana. Methodology. A case-control study that enrolled a total of 100 pregnant women (50 with confirmed gestational malaria as cases and 50 without malaria as controls). Sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history (obtained with a questionnaire), urea, creatinine, sodium, and potassium were analyzed using a chemistry automated analyzer. Results. Plasma urea and creatinine were significantly increased (P = 0.0003 and P < 0.0001, resp.) among cases compared to the controls. Also the levels of urea (P = 0.033), creatinine (P = 0.032), and parasitaemia (0.016) were significantly increased with increasing gestational age. Conclusion. Malaria has a significant impact on renal function (most importantly, urea and creatinine) and is also significantly associated with increasing gestational age among our study participants. PMID:28367218

  19. Successful adalimumab treatment of a psoriasis vulgaris patient with hemodialysis for renal failure: A case report and a review of the previous reports on biologic treatments for psoriasis patients with hemodialysis for renal failure.

    PubMed

    Kusakari, Yoshiyuki; Yamasaki, Kenshi; Takahashi, Toshiya; Tsuchiyama, Kenichiro; Shimada-Omori, Ryoko; Nasu-Tamabuchi, Mei; Aiba, Setsuya

    2015-07-01

    The efficacy and safety of biologic treatments have been established in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, but there are few reports on biologic therapy for patients with psoriasis complicated by end-stage renal failure on hemodialysis (HD). In this report, we demonstrated the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for patients with severe psoriasis on HD. A 46-year-old Japanese man with a 14-year history of psoriasis was referred to our clinic in September 2009. He had developed hypertension and renal failure during a 7-year history of cyclosporin treatment. With the infliximab treatment, he achieved 75% improvement of the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score within 3 months from the PASI of 42.3 before the treatment. However, his renal failure gradually deteriorated, and HD was initiated at 1 year after the introduction of infliximab. Because of hydration during the i.v. injection of infliximab, he developed pulmonary edema with every infliximab treatment after starting HD. We switched to ustekinumab treatment, but his psoriasis was not improved. Then, we switched to adalimumab and achieved a PASI-100 response within 2 months. The patient received adalimumab treatment for more than a year without any adverse effects. In addition to our case, five articles reported cases of psoriasis patients with renal failure on HD who were treated with biologics. The psoriatic lesions were improved by biologics in these cases, and no severe adverse effects on the renal function were reported. Thus, biologics are a reasonable treatment option for patients with severe psoriasis with renal failure on HD.

  20. Hypovolemic Shock Caused by Massive Renal Hematoma After a Third Consecutive Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy Session: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Vander Eeckt, Kathy; Ost, Dieter; Van Den Branden, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is a commonly used technique for treating urinary calculi. Although noninvasive, highly effective, and widely accepted, SWL is not without complications. Next to fragmenting the calculi, the surrounding tissue is damaged, which can result in renal hematoma, a well-described complication. In most cases, the collateral tissue damage is mild and resolves with conservative treatment. However, rarely, severe complications may arise. Here we present a case of a 46-year-old male who developed a massive hematoma, both subcapsular and retroperitoneal, after a third consecutive SWL session, resulting in hypovolemic shock. Different probable causes are proposed, of which one cause, the length of the interval between SWL sessions, is not yet studied properly. Probably, short intervals keep the damaged tissue from healing sufficiently, as proposed in our case. Possibly, life-threatening situations can be avoided if more evidence-based guidelines are available. PMID:28078329

  1. Hypovolemic Shock Caused by Massive Renal Hematoma After a Third Consecutive Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy Session: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Sermeus, Loic; Vander Eeckt, Kathy; Ost, Dieter; Van Den Branden, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is a commonly used technique for treating urinary calculi. Although noninvasive, highly effective, and widely accepted, SWL is not without complications. Next to fragmenting the calculi, the surrounding tissue is damaged, which can result in renal hematoma, a well-described complication. In most cases, the collateral tissue damage is mild and resolves with conservative treatment. However, rarely, severe complications may arise. Here we present a case of a 46-year-old male who developed a massive hematoma, both subcapsular and retroperitoneal, after a third consecutive SWL session, resulting in hypovolemic shock. Different probable causes are proposed, of which one cause, the length of the interval between SWL sessions, is not yet studied properly. Probably, short intervals keep the damaged tissue from healing sufficiently, as proposed in our case. Possibly, life-threatening situations can be avoided if more evidence-based guidelines are available.

  2. Radiation-induced glioma following CyberKnife® treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Post-stereotactic radiation-induced neoplasms, although relatively rare, have raised the question of benefit regarding CyberKnife® treatments versus the risk of a secondary malignancy. The incidence of such neoplasms arising in the nervous system is thought to be low, given the paucity of case reports regarding such secondary lesions. Case presentation Here we describe a case of a 43-year-old Middle Eastern woman with primary clear cell renal cell carcinoma and a metastatic focus to the left brain parenchyma who presented with focal neurologic deficits. Following post-surgical stereotactic radiation in the region of the brain metastasis, the patient developed a secondary high-grade astrocytoma nearly 5 years after the initial treatment. Conclusion Although the benefit of CyberKnife® radiotherapy treatments continues to outweigh the relatively low risk of a radiation-induced secondary malignancy, knowledge of such risks and a review of the literature are warranted. PMID:22943305

  3. [Disseminated histoplasmosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum in a renal transplant patient: first case report in the Reunion Island].

    PubMed

    Schlossmacher, P; Martinet, O; Jaffar-Bandjee, M C; Rivière, M C; Gaüzère, B A

    2010-08-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe the first case of indigenous disseminated histoplasmosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum in a patient on immunosuppression 22 months after renal transplantation in the Reunion Island. Involvement was predominantly pulmonary and outcome was rapidly fatal. Diagnosis based on isolation of characteristic intramacrophagic Histoplasma capsulatum yeast cells from bronchoalveolar fluid was delayed since indigenous cases of this opportunistic infection were unprecedented. In addition to demonstrating the difficulty of achieving diagnosis in places located outside endemic areas without modern facilities, this case underlines the potentially the poor prognosis of disseminated histoplasmosis. This disease should be included in differential diagnosis in the Reunion Island where many patients undergo immunosuppresion and receive organs shipped in from outside locations.

  4. [Hemorrhagic bilateral renal angiomyolipoma].

    PubMed

    Benjelloun, Mohamed; Rabii, Redouane; Mezzour, Mohamed Hicham; Joual, Abdenbi; Bennani, Saâd; el Mrini, Mohamed

    2003-09-01

    Renal angiomyolipoma is a rare benign tumour, often associated with congenital diseases especially de Bourneville's tuberous sclerosis. Bilateral angiomyolipoma is exceptional. The authors report a case of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma in a 33-year-old patient presenting with haemorrhagic shock. In the light of this case and a review of the literature, the authors discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this disease.

  5. Laparoscopic Retroperitoneal Nephron-Sparing Surgery Without Renal Artery Clamping with Preoperative Selective Arterial Embolization for Management of Right Renal Angiomyolipoma of Diameter 10 cm: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hoshii, Tatsuhiko; Morita, Shinichi; Ikeda, Yohei; Hasegawa, Go

    2017-01-01

    Abstract A 38-year-old female without the tuberous sclerosis complex was diagnosed with right renal angiomyolipoma of 10 cm in diameter. She underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephron-sparing surgery without renal artery clamping with preoperative selective arterial embolization to avoid a significant risk of hemorrhage and the damage of the renal function during nephron-sparing surgery. The tumor was resected completely. The time taken to complete the procedure was 4 hours 11 minutes and blood loss was 780 mL. She was transfused 400 mL of autologous blood. PMID:28265590

  6. [Presurgical treatment of axitinib reduced operation risk by downsizing the vena cava tumor thrombus in advanced renal cell carcinomas: two case reports].

    PubMed

    Hamada, Akihiro; Yamasaki, Toshinari; Negoro, Hiromitsu; Kobayashi, Takashi; Terada, Naoki; Sugino, Yoshio; Matsui, Yoshiyuki; Inoue, Takahiro; Kamba, Tomomi; Yoshimura, Koji; Ogawa, Osamu

    2014-12-01

    In cases of advanced renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus, surgical resection of both tumor and thrombus contributes to the improvement of patient's prognosis, but the risk of perioperative complication is still high. We experienced two cases of advanced renal tumors with IVC tumor thrombus down-sized by presurgical treatment of axitinib. Axitinib treatment showed a marked tumor reduction effect without any severe adverse event. We could remove both tumor and thrombus without perioperative complications. In these two cases, downsizing of IVC thrombus enabled us to reduce the extent of the surgery.

  7. Hereditary renal adysplasia, pulmonary hypoplasia and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Hereditary renal adysplasia is an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance and variable expression that is usually associated with malformative combinations (including Müllerian anomalies) affecting different mesodermal organs such as the heart, lung, and urogenital system. Case report A case showing pulmonary hypoplasia, hip dysplasia, hereditary renal adysplasia, and Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome in adulthood is reported here. The i.v. pyelography showed right renal agenesis with a normal left kidney and ureter. Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging also showed right renal agenesis with multicystic embryonary remnants in the right hemipelvis probably corresponding to a dysgenetic kidney. An uretrocystoscopy showed absence of ectopic ureter and of the right hemitrigone. She was scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopy and creation of a neovagina according to the McIndoe technique with a prosthesis and skin graft. Laparoscopy confirmed the absence of the uterus. On both sides, an elongated, solid, rudimentary uterine horn could be observed. Both ovaries were also elongated, located high in both abdominal flanks and somewhat dysgenetics. A conventional cytogenetic study revealed a normal female karyotype 46, XX at a level of 550 GTG bands. A CGH analysis was performed using a 244K oligoarray CGH detecting 11 copy number variants described as normal variants in the databases. The 17q12 and 22q11.21 microdeletions described in other MRKH patients were not present in this case. Four years after operation her evolution is normal, without symptoms and the neovagina is adequately functional. The geneticists have studied her family history and the pedigree of the family is shown. Conclusions We suggest that primary damage to the mesoderm (paraaxil, intermediate, and lateral) caused by mutations in a yet unidentified gene is responsible for: 1) skeletal dysplasia, 2) inappropriate interactions between the bronchial mesoderm and endodermal

  8. Prospective study of ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal cryotherapy: case selection as an optimization factor for a technique.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Faba, O; Palou, J; Rosales, A; de la Torre, P; Martí, J; Palazzetti, A; Villavicencio, H

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the technical and oncological effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal cryotherapy (PRC) in a selected group of patients with renal cancer. We conducted a prospective study of 28 patients with posterior-facing T1a renal tumors with middle and inferior external borders. All patients underwent ultrasound-guided PRC. Follow-up was conducted with computed tomography at 1 month and then every 6 months, with a good result defined as the total absence of contrast incorporation. We performed a descriptive and survival study using the Kaplan-Meier estimator. The 28 patients had a mean age (SD) of 68.3 (10.1) years, and the group underwent 28 procedures. The mean (SD) size of the tumors was 25.5 (7.5) mm, the mean nephrometry score was 1.41 (0.52) and the mean preoperative creatinine level was 133.5 (144.1) mmol/L. There were no intraoperative complications. In terms of postoperative complications, there was only 1 case (3.5%) of a skin lesion resulting from treating a tumor in a transplanted kidney (Clavien II). The median follow-up was 25 months, and the mean (SD) postoperative creatinine level was 135.5 (110.3) mmol/L. Two cases presented radiological recurrence (93% efficacy), with a mean time to recurrence of 12 and 19 months, respectively. There were no tumor-related deaths. Our series (the largest on PRC in our country to date) shows that, with an appropriate selection of tumors, PRC is a safe technique with minimal morbidity. Ultrasonography enables the controlled performance of the procedure and saves the patient from radiation and reduces costs. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. A "silent" course of normotensive scleroderma renal crisis: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Akoglu, Hadim; Atilgan, Gokhan Kadir; Ozturk, Ramazan; Yenigun, Ezgi Coskun; Gonul, Ipek Isik; Odabas, Ali Riza

    2009-08-01

    Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a complication of systemic sclerosis characterized by the sudden onset of accelerated arterial hypertension, followed by progressive renal failure. Rarely, patients with SRC may be normotensive on presentation. These patients have poorer prognosis and higher mortality rates than those with hypertensive SRC. This is partly explained by the insidious course of normotensive SRC leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Normotensive patients also seem to be less responsive to current treatment modalities. Since available data on etiology, pathogenesis, and risk factors of the disease are inadequate, no effective therapy has been established to date. We report a patient with diffuse cutaneous scleroderma who developed SRC during his hospitalization. The patient remained normotensive and had an insidious course until oliguria and signs of hypervolemia occurred. Etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment modalities and prognosis of normotensive SRC are also discussed through previously published reports.

  10. Forty years abuse of baking soda, rhabdomyolysis, glomerulonephritis, hypertension leading to renal failure: a case report.

    PubMed

    Forslund, Terje; Koistinen, Arvo; Anttinen, Jorma; Wagner, Bodo; Miettinen, Marja

    2008-01-01

    We present a patient who had ingested sodium bicarbonate for treatment of alcoholic dyspepsia during forty years at increasing doses. During the last year he had used more than 50 grams daily. He presented with metabolic alkalosis, epileptic convulsions, subdural hematoma, hypertension and rhabdomyolysis with end stage renal failure, for which he had to be given regular intermittent hemodialysis treatment. Untreated hypertension and glomerulonephritis was probably present prior to all these acute incidents. Examination of the kidney biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and arterial wall thickening causing nephrosclerosis together with interstitial calcinosis. The combination of all these pathologic changes might be responsible for the development of progressive chronic renal failure ending up with the need for continuous intermittent hemodialysis treatment.

  11. Calcinosis cutis in chronic renal failure diagnosed by fine needle aspiration. A case report.

    PubMed

    Reed, Maria A B; de Luna, Arlene M; Holaysan, Jerome S; Gerardo, Leopoldo T

    2002-01-01

    Deposition of calcium salts in the skin and subcutis, referred to as calcinosis cutis, is a common complication in patients with end-stage renal disease. The lesion can present as a mass and is amenable to fine needle aspiration (FNA). A 48-year-old man undergoing hemodialysis following a failed renal transplant presented with a 1.5-cm neck nodule. A diagnosis of calcinosis cutis was made following FNA, which obtained semiliquid, chalky material. In cytologic preparations, deposits of calcium salts can be both amorphous and refractile on Diff-Quik and Papanicolaou stain. However, the material may not be birefringent with these stains. Alizarin red S stain for calcium will permit demonstration of the characteristic birefringence.

  12. [Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated renal vasculitis and pregnancy: Report of one case].

    PubMed

    Vega, Jorge; Méndez, Gonzalo P

    2016-10-01

    ANCA mediated vasculitis mainly occur between the fourth and fifth decade of life; therefore, it is very uncommon to see pregnant patients with the disease. Vasculitis may affect significantly the course of pregnancy; in turn pregnancy can change the course of vasculitis. We report a 20 years old woman with ANCA-mediated renal vasculitis lasting 10 years who consulted with a pregnancy of 15 weeks. She was in remission and had amenorrhea attributed to ovarian toxicity due to cyclophosphamide. Pregnancy had an uneventful course with spontaneous delivery at the 37th week, giving birth to a healthy newborn. Proteinuria increased during the course of pregnancy with a mild deterioration of kidney function. During the year after delivery, she had nephrotic proteinuria and a worsening of renal function.

  13. Forty Years Abuse of Baking Soda, Rhabdomyolysis, Glomerulonephritis, Hypertension Leading to Renal Failure: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Forslund, Terje; Koistinen, Arvo; Anttinen, Jorma; Wagner, Bodo; Miettinen, Marja

    2008-01-01

    We present a patient who had ingested sodium bicarbonate for treatment of alcoholic dyspepsia during forty years at increasing doses. During the last year he had used more than 50 grams daily. He presented with metabolic alkalosis, epileptic convulsions, subdural hematoma, hypertension and rhabdomyolysis with end stage renal failure, for which he had to be given regular intermittent hemodialysis treatment. Untreated hypertension and glomerulonephritis was probably present prior to all these acute incidents. Examination of the kidney biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and arterial wall thickening causing nephrosclerosis together with interstitial calcinosis. The combination of all these pathologic changes might be responsible for the development of progressive chronic renal failure ending up with the need for continuous intermittent hemodialysis treatment. PMID:24179353

  14. Acute pyelonephritis and renal vein thrombosis: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Yildiz, Halil; Van Nieuwenhove, Sandy; Doyen, Marie; Yombi, J C

    2016-11-01

    A 68-year-old female presented with a week history of fever and generalized weakness. Clinical examination, blood work and urinalysis were compatible with sepsis due to acute pyelonephritis. Urine cultures were positive for Escherichia coli and blood cultures were negative. After 5 days of antibiotic therapy with cefuroxime, inflammatory parameters (CRP level and white blood cell count) remained highly elevated. Abdominal CT scan showed right kidney pyelonephritis with renal and perirenal abscess and right renal vein thrombosis. The patient improved after percutaneous drainage of the perirenal abscess and anticoagulation treatment. She was discharged on hospital day 14. Copyright © 2016 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. [A case of metastatic pulmonary cancer from renal cell carcinoma masquerading as pulmonary vein varix].

    PubMed

    Mizuno, Kotaro; Endo, Katsuhiko; Fukai, Ichiro

    2010-07-01

    A 66-year-old woman underwent nephrectomy to treat renal cell carcinoma 5 years previously. Enhanced CT to locate the tumor revealed a lesion very close to the right upper pulmonary vein. Six months later, the nodule grew to 14mm in maximum dimension and it seemed to be a varix of the right upper pulmonary vein on 3D-CT. However, pulmonary artery angiography (PAG) denied this possibility. PET-CT revealed the nodule to be positive for FDG uptake (maxSUV 2.7 in the early phase and 2.2 in the late phase), suggesting that it contained solid tissue with malignant characteristics. Eventually, right upper lobectomy was performed. The nodule was a metastatic renal cell carcinoma with extremely abundant vascular components. This conspicuous feature of the tumor appeared to mimic a pulmonary vein varix on enhanced CT scan and 3D angiogram.

  16. Arthrogryposis-renal tubular dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome: a cause of neonatal cholestasis. Case report.

    PubMed

    Ilhan, Ozkan; Ozer, Esra A; Ozdemir, Senem A; Akbay, Sinem; Memur, Seyma; Kanar, Berat; Tatli, Mustafa M

    2016-02-01

    Arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome is a rare lethal disorder that involves multipl organ system. It is inherited autosomal recessive and caused by defects in the VPS33B and VIPAR genes. Three cardinal findings of this syndrome are arthrogryposis, renal tubular dysfunction and cholestasis.The other organ involvements including ichthyosis, central nervous system malformation, platelet anomalies, congenital heart defects and severe failure to thrive are sometimes associated with this syndrome. Clinical findings, organ biopsy and mutational analysis can help for diagnosing but there is no curative treatment except supportive care. Several symptoms of this condition are already usually present in the neonatal period: arthrogryposis, neonatal cholestasis, skin lesions, among others. Usually survival is until the first year of life. We present a newborn whose evolution was rapidly fatal.

  17. Cross-fused renal ectopia associated with vesicoureteral reflux; a case report

    PubMed Central

    Naseri, Mitra

    2016-01-01

    Crossed renal ectopia is a rare urinary system anomaly which mostly is asymptomatic and is diagnosed incidentally. Urinary obstruction, infection, and neoplasia of the urinary system and nephrolithiasis are main complications of this anomaly. A 6-year-old boy admitted to the hospital with colicky abdominal pain and nausea. Abdominal examination revealed tenderness in right lower quadrant. Urine analysis and culture were normal. Kidney ultrasonography showed right kidney in pelvis cavity with no kidney tissue in left side. TC 99-DMSA scan demonstrated no radiotracer accumulation in the normal renal area. Radiotracer accumulation was seen in the pelvis area with a deviation to the left. Voiding cystoureterogram revealed right sided grade II vesicoureteral reflux. Severe urological anomalies in children may be asymptomatic or have nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain. PMID:27689123

  18. Indwelling pleural catheters for pleural effusions associated with end-stage renal disease: a case series.

    PubMed

    Potechin, Rajini; Amjadi, Kayvan; Srour, Nadim

    2015-02-01

    Pleural effusions are a common complication of end-stage renal disease.These effusions are occasionally refractory to medical management, but few options are then available. Indwelling pleural catheter insertion (IPC) has been well described for the management of malignant pleural effusions and, more recently, of nonmalignant effusions of other origin. We aimed to analyze our experience and to evaluate the safety and feasibility of using IPCs for pleural effusion associated with end-stage renal disease. We constructed a cohort of patients who underwent IPC insertion for pleural effusions associated with end-stage renal disease. The IPCs were inserted as a palliative measure in patients who had thoracentesis twice within the preceding 2 weeks, no evidence of infection and either failure to respond, complications or intolerance to maximal medical therapy, or if IPC insertion would enable discharge when the patient was hospitalized mainly for dyspnea due to pleural effusion. There were nine IPCs inserted in eight patients. Patients had significant dyspnea at baseline with a median baseline dyspnea index of 1.5 [interquartile range (IQR) 0–3]. Dyspnea improved significantly 2 weeks after catheter insertion with a median transitional dyspnea index of 6 (IQR 4.5–7.0). There was no occurrence of empyema or other major complications.Serum albumin did not decrease after catheter insertion. IPCs were removed in four patients(50%) and successful spontaneous pleurodesis occurred in three patients (37.5%) after a median of 77 days (IQR 9–208). IPC insertion for pleural effusions associated with end-stage renal disease appears safe and effective. Larger studies are needed, particularly regarding the impact of this intervention on quality of life.

  19. A case of distal renal tubular acidosis, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis and possible fluorosis.

    PubMed

    Vithanage, J P; Ekanayake, M

    2009-03-01

    A 39-year old man had periodic paralysis due to hypokalaemia. Investigations led to the diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) and Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO). Both can originate in mutations of the anion-exchanger 1 gene (AE1), which codes for band 3, the bicarbonate/chloride exchanger in both the red cell membrane and the basolateral membrane of the collecting tubule alpha-intercalated cell. The finding of diffuse osteosclerosis led to the suspicion of coexisting fluorosis.

  20. [A case study with bladder metastasis of renal cell carcinoma and stomach cancer].

    PubMed

    Tashiro, K; Kondo, N; Ueda, M; Ohishi, Y; Wada, T; Kido, A; Masuda, F; Machida, T

    1984-02-01

    A 64-year-old woman received nephrectomy and lymph expurgation surgery for renal cell carcinoma on Jury 1, 1981. The pathologic diagnosis was adenocarcinoma of the clear cell type at Robson's stage 2. She next visited the Department of Gastroenterology complaining of stomach discomfort on November 5, 1981. Stomach cancer of Borrmann's type IV was identified in the lesser gastric curvature, but only biopsy was performed because it was inoperable. The pathologic diagnosis was undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. On January 23, 1982, there was microscopic hematuria. A cystoscopic examination revealed one soy bean-sized, smooth, pedicle tumor to which coagula were partially adhered in the center of the triangular region. After TUR-Bt performed on March 3 the pathologic diagnosis was adenocarcinoma of the clear cell type with no submucosal infiltration. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed as having suffered metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the bladder. She died of bleeding from stomach cancer on June 15. Based on the fact that the tumor was localized in the bladder mucosa, implantation through the urinary tract was strongly suspected as the metastatic route of the renal cell carcinoma to the bladder.

  1. [Ureteral polyp occurring as renal dysfunction with contralateral ureteral calculi: a case report].

    PubMed

    Segawa, Naoki; Abe, Hirokazu; Nishida, Takeshi; Katsuoka, Yoji

    2005-07-01

    A 46-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of macroscopic hematuria with dull pain in the right flank. Laboratory finding showed renal dysfunction and abdominal ultrasound sonograph revealed bilateral hydronephrosis (right > left). Retrograde pyelography showed left ureteral calculi and a filling defect in the middle portion of the right ureter. Renal function improved after bilateral single-J ureteral stent placement. Selective wash cytology of right renal pelvis was class II. Ureteroscopy demonstrated right ureteral obstruction with smooth-surfaced protruded tumor and cold cup biopsy was performed. Histopathological diagnosis was a fibroepithelial polyp but with no malignancy. In addition, left transurethral lithotripsy was performed under ureteroscopy. After the endoscopic examination, a double pigtail stent inserted into the right ureter. We performed conservative management by repeat urine cytologies and retrograde pyelography due to thrombocytopenia. The urine cytologies all proved negative and retrograde pyelography showed no abnormal changes. A ureteroscopic procedure is considered to be useful for the diagnosis of ureteral polyps. Transurethral resection of ureteral polyps with a ureteroscope is recommended for treatment.

  2. Case mix, outcome and activity for patients admitted to intensive care units requiring chronic renal dialysis: a secondary analysis of the ICNARC Case Mix Programme Database

    PubMed Central

    Hutchison, Colin A; Crowe, Alex V; Stevens, Paul E; Harrison, David A; Lipkin, Graham W

    2007-01-01

    Introduction This report describes the case mix, outcome and activity for admissions to intensive care units (ICUs) of patients who require prior chronic renal dialysis for end-stage renal failure (ESRF), and investigates the effect of case mix factors on outcome. Methods This was a secondary analysis of a high-quality clinical database, namely the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre (ICNARC) Case Mix Programme Database, which includes 276,731 admissions to 170 adult ICUs across England, Wales and Northern Ireland from 1995 to 2004. Results During the eight year study period, 1.3% (n = 3,420) of all patients admitted to ICU were receiving chronic renal dialysis before ICU admission. This represents an estimated ICU utilization of six admissions (32 bed-days) per 100 dialysis patient-years. The ESRF group was younger (mean age 57.3 years versus 59.5 years) and more likely to be male (60.2% versus 57.9%) than those without ESRF. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score and Acute Physiology Score revealed greater severity of illness on admission in patients with ESRF (mean 24.7 versus 16.6 and 17.2 versus 12.6, respectively). Length of stay in ICU was comparable between groups (median 1.9 days versus 1.8 days) and ICU mortality was only slightly elevated in the ESRF group (26.3% versus 20.8%). However, the ESRF group had protracted overall hospital stay (median 25 days versus 17 days), and increased hospital mortality (45.3% versus 31.2%) and ICU readmission (9.0% vs. 4.7%). Multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for case mix identified the increased hospital mortality to be associated with increasing age, emergency surgery and nonsurgical cases, cardiopulmonary resuscitation before ICU admission and extremes of physiological norms. The adjusted odds ratio for ultimate hospital mortality associated with chronic renal dialysis was 1.24 (95% confidence interval 1.13 to 1.37). Conclusion Patients with ESRF admitted to UK ICUs are more

  3. Leiomyosarcoma of the renal vein: analysis of outcome and prognostic factors in the world case series of 67 patients

    PubMed Central

    Perhavec, Andraz; Maturen, Katherine E.; Pavlovic Djokic, Snezana; Jereb, Simona; Erzen, Darja

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background Leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumour. Some cases of leiomyosarcoma of the renal vein (LRV) have been reported in the literature, but no analysis of data and search for prognostic factors have been done so far. The aim of this review was to describe the LRV, to analyse overall survival (OS), local recurrence free survival (LRFS) and distant metastases free survival (DMFS) in LRV world case series and to identify significant predictors of OS, LRFS and DMFS. Methods Cases from the literature based on PubMed search and a case from our institution were included. Results Sixty-seven patients with a mean age of 56.6 years were identified; 76.1% were women. Mean tumour size was 8.9 cm; in 68.7% located on the left side. Tumour thrombus extended into the inferior vena cava lumen in 13.4%. All patients but one underwent surgery (98.5%). After a median follow up of 24 months, the OS was 79.5%. LRFS was 83.5% after a median follow up of 21.5 months and DMFS was 76.1% after a median follow up of 22 months. Factors predictive of OS in univariate analysis were surgical margins, while factors predictive of LRFS were inferior vena cava luminal extension and grade. No factors predictive of DMFS were identified. In multivariate analysis none of the factors were predictive of OS, LRFS and DMFS. Conclusions Based on the literature review and presented case some conclusions can be made. LRV is usually located in the hilum of the kidney. It should be considered in differential diagnosis of renal and retroperitoneal masses, particularly in women over the age 40, on the left side and in the absence of haematuria. Core needle biopsy should be performed. Patients should be managed by sarcoma multidisciplinary team. LRV should be surgically removed, with negative margins. PMID:28265233

  4. Conservative management of a congenital seminal vesicle cyst associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis revealed by cystitis: one case report.

    PubMed

    Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Khallouk, Abdelhak; Elammari, Jalaleddine; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Seminal vesicle cyst is an extremely rare disease. Its association with ipsilateral renal agenesis is even more exceptional. We present herein one case of a 16-year-old male who presented with a four-month history of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and micturition pain. The digital rectal examination revealed a small mass arising from the prostate. The urine culture showed that E. coli is sensitive to all antibiotics tested. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) revealed a cystic mass in the outer prostate. Seminal vesicle cyst and left renal agenesis were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Maximum flow (Q(max)) at uroflow was greater than 15 mL/sec. We therefore decided to manage this disease conservatively with alpha blockers and antibiotics. After 6-month' followup the patient did not report any complain and the uroflow test was similar to a normal urination. From one case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of this rare condition.

  5. Conservative Management of a Congenital Seminal Vesicle Cyst Associated with Ipsilateral Renal Agenesis Revealed by Cystitis: One Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Khallouk, Abdelhak; Elammari, Jalaleddine; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Seminal vesicle cyst is an extremely rare disease. Its association with ipsilateral renal agenesis is even more exceptional. We present herein one case of a 16-year-old male who presented with a four-month history of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) and micturition pain. The digital rectal examination revealed a small mass arising from the prostate. The urine culture showed that E. coli is sensitive to all antibiotics tested. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) revealed a cystic mass in the outer prostate. Seminal vesicle cyst and left renal agenesis were confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Maximum flow (Qmax) at uroflow was greater than 15 mL/sec. We therefore decided to manage this disease conservatively with alpha blockers and antibiotics. After 6-month' followup the patient did not report any complain and the uroflow test was similar to a normal urination. From one case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of this rare condition. PMID:22606606

  6. A case of ANCA-negative renal small-vessel vasculitis with tubulointerstitial infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells.

    PubMed

    Sakairi, Toru; Okabe, Satoshi; Hiromura, Keiju; Motegi, Shinsuke; Sakurai, Noriyuki; Ikeuchi, Hidekazu; Kaneko, Yoriaki; Maeshima, Akito; Hirato, Junko; Nojima, Yoshihisa

    2016-09-01

    A 62-year-old male patient presented with progressive renal dysfunction for 2 months. He had elevated serum C-reactive protein and IgG4 levels with absence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. A renal biopsy showed severe tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with extensive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells, suggesting a diagnosis of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD). However, the identification of a few crescentic glomeruli and necrotizing vasculitis of an interlobular artery lead to a diagnosis of renal small-vessel vasculitis. This case indicates that a careful examination is required to distinguish between IgG4-RKD and TIN caused by renal small-vessel vasculitis.

  7. Pulsatile Clavicular Swelling as the Sole Presentation of Asymptomatic Renal Cell Carcinoma with an Isolated Metastasis to the Clavicle: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Ashwani; Pandove, Paras Kumar; Anand, Garima; Arora, Bharti

    2016-01-01

    Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is notorious for its unpredictable dissemination patterns involving both lymphatic and haematogenous route without a clear-cut preponderance for any. Unlike other intra-abdominal malignancies like colorectal carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma is often known to metastasize to distant sites even after a confident and unsuspecting curative resection or often as the primary presentation constantly adding and agitating our presentation patterns for this sneaky tumour. Presented below is a case of such an unsuspecting female patient. She was referred from the orthopaedic OPD to surgery OPD with a right clavicular swelling which was histopathologically examined and diagnosed as a metastatic renal cell carcinoma following which she was diagnosed with right renal cell carcinoma. PMID:28208928

  8. Hereditary renal adysplasia, pulmonary hypoplasia and Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome: a case report.

    PubMed

    Acién, Pedro; Galán, Francisco; Manchón, Irene; Ruiz, Eva; Acién, Maribel; Alcaraz, Luis A

    2010-04-14

    Hereditary renal adysplasia is an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance and variable expression that is usually associated with malformative combinations (including Müllerian anomalies) affecting different mesodermal organs such as the heart, lung, and urogenital system. A case showing pulmonary hypoplasia, hip dysplasia, hereditary renal adysplasia, and Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome in adulthood is reported here. The i.v. pyelography showed right renal agenesis with a normal left kidney and ureter. Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging also showed right renal agenesis with multicystic embryonary remnants in the right hemipelvis probably corresponding to a dysgenetic kidney. An uretrocystoscopy showed absence of ectopic ureter and of the right hemitrigone. She was scheduled for a diagnostic laparoscopy and creation of a neovagina according to the McIndoe technique with a prosthesis and skin graft. Laparoscopy confirmed the absence of the uterus. On both sides, an elongated, solid, rudimentary uterine horn could be observed. Both ovaries were also elongated, located high in both abdominal flanks and somewhat dysgenetics. A conventional cytogenetic study revealed a normal female karyotype 46, XX at a level of 550 GTG bands. A CGH analysis was performed using a 244K oligoarray CGH detecting 11 copy number variants described as normal variants in the databases. The 17q12 and 22q11.21 microdeletions described in other MRKH patients were not present in this case. Four years after operation her evolution is normal, without symptoms and the neovagina is adequately functional. The geneticists have studied her family history and the pedigree of the family is shown. We suggest that primary damage to the mesoderm (paraaxil, intermediate, and lateral) caused by mutations in a yet unidentified gene is responsible for: 1) skeletal dysplasia, 2) inappropriate interactions between the bronchial mesoderm and endodermal lung bud as well as between the

  9. Metastatic calcification of floor of the mouth secondary to chronic renal failure-report of a rare case with atypical presentation.

    PubMed

    Verma, D K; Thelekkat, Y; Bansal, S

    2015-01-01

    Soft-tissue calcification is always pathological. Metastatic calcification is calcification of soft tissues owing to hyperphosphataemia with or without hypercalcaemia. Metastatic calcification of oral cavity is extremely rare. A case report of metastatic calcification of the floor of the mouth with atypical radiologic and clinical picture is presented here along with a review of earlier reports. A chance finding of the granular oral mucosa on palpation led to a radiographic examination revealing granular calcifications of the floor of the mouth. Blood chemistry and hormone analysis revealed chronic renal failure and hyperparathyroidism. A diagnosis of metastatic calcification secondary to renal failure was made and the treatment was aimed at correcting the renal failure without any intervention for the asymptomatic calcifications. Key differences between the present case and other cases reported in the literature are outlined.

  10. Short-rib polydactyly syndrome, Beemer-Langer type, with bilateral huge polycystic renal dysplasia: an autopsy case.

    PubMed Central

    Myong, N. H.; Park, J. W.; Chi, J. G.

    1998-01-01

    Short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS) is a group of lethal skeletal dysplasia of an autosomal recessive inheritance characterized by markedly narrow ribs, micromelia, and multiple anomalies of major organs. We report a case of type IV SRPS with uncommon associations of polydactyly and bilateral polycystic kidneys, in a 28 week old female fetus. She was born dead to a 28 year old mother, showing a hydropic change, narrow thorax, and shortened limbs with postaxial heptasyndactyly of both hands and feet. Radiologic examination revealed short horizontal ribs, curved short tubular limb bones, small ilia and scapula, and a mild vertebral abnormality. Postmortem examination disclosed pulmonary hypoplasia, pancreatic cysts, hepatic fibrosis, and left persistent superior vena cava. In addition this case had bilateral huge polycystic renal dysplasia that was seldom described in any type of SRPS. Histologic sections of the vertebrae disclosed abnormal enchondral ossification with irregular and retarded hypertrophic zone. PMID:9610623

  11. A challenging case of rapid progressive Kaposi sarcoma after renal transplantation: diagnostics by FDG PET/CT.

    PubMed

    Reuter, Stefan; Vrachimis, Alexis; Huss, Sebastian; Wardelmann, Eva; Weckesser, Mathias; Pavenstädt, Hermann

    2014-09-01

    De-novo malignancy is a serious posttransplant complication. While the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is low, the time for its diagnosis is early after renal transplantation. Typically, it can be identified because of the classical skin lesion. We herein report an unusual case of rapid progressive KS without skin lesions in a 52-year-old patient leading to death within 8 months after kidney transplantation. This striking case illustrates the usefulness of [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for demonstrating the cause of unexplained deterioration of patient's condition. Early identification of KS is critical because early (modification of) therapy can substantially improve patient's prognosis.

  12. A Rare Case of Fatal Endocarditis and Sepsis Caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Patient with Chronic Renal Failure

    PubMed Central

    Vijan, Vikrant; Vupputuri, Anjith; Nandakumar, Sandya; Mathew, Navin

    2016-01-01

    Nosocomial catheter-related and Arteriovenous fistula (AV)-related infections are significant concern in patients undergoing haemodialysis. These infections are associated with multiple complications as well as mortality and demands immediate and appropriate management. While coagulase-negative staphylococci, S.aureus, and Escherichia coli are the most common causes of catheter-related infections in haemodialysis patients, such infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are relatively rare. Here, we present an unusual case of 36-year-old male patient with chronic renal failure, who developed endocarditis and sepsis from Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of the left hand arteriovenous fistula. The bacteraemia in the present case caused multiple complications including dry gangrene of bilateral lower limbs, stroke, endophthalmitis, left brachial artery thrombosis and vegetations on the interventricular septum and aortic wall. Despite antibiotic treatment, the patient suffered a cardiac arrest and could not be revived. PMID:27630891

  13. Mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm: a fatal sequel to concomitant prostatic and renal aspergillosis. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ansari, M S; Nabi, G; Singh, I; Hemal, A K; Bhan, A

    2001-01-01

    We report the first case of aspergillus mycotic aneurysm as a sequel to concomitant prostatic and renal aspergillosis. The patient had undergone left nephrectomy and transurethral resection of prostate for aspergillus infection one year ago. He again presented with LUTS and backache and clinical examination showed visible pulsations in the epigastrium. CT-scan abdomen showed a pseudoaneurysm of the abdominal aorta. The aneurysm was repaired in situ with homografting and omental wrap. However, the patient succumbed to septicemia on the tenth postoperative day. Adjunctive surgery is usually essential as medical management alone has been unsatisfactory. It is imperative that these cases should be followed closely to detect the disease recurrence and complications at the earliest.

  14. Skull Base Clear Cell Carcinoma, Metastasis of Renal Primary Tumor: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Sepúlveda, Ilson; Platin, Enrique; Klaassen, Rodrigo; Spencer, M. Loreto; García, Cesar; Alarcón, Ricardo; Ulloa, David

    2013-01-01

    We report on a patient who presented with cranial nerve VI bilateral paresis, absence of pharyngeal reflex, dysarthria, right tongue deviation, and right facial paralysis. Imaging studies showed an expansive process in the cranial base with clivus and petrous apex osteolysis. A biopsy confirmed the presence of clear cell adenocarcinoma and suspicion of renal tumor metastases. Abdominal imaging studies revealed a mass in the right kidney. Consequently, radiotherapy was performed, and the patient was enrolled in a palliative care and pain control program. PMID:24019781

  15. Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (Von Zumbusch Type) Following Renal Transplant: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Dedemadi, Georgia; Koukoulaki, Maria; Vougas, Vassileios; Noutsis, Constantinos; Pantelidaki, Aikaterini; Drakopoulos, Spiros

    2016-12-02

    Generalized pustular psoriasis appears as an uncommon variant form of psoriasis consisting of widespread pustules on an erythematous background (von Zumbusch). A 39-year-old male patient with a history of plaque psoriasis since the age of 9 who had an acute relapse of generalized pustular psoriasis 12 days following a successful renal transplantation is presented. Despite administered immunosuppression for transplantation, the addition of cyclosporine and methotrexate did not reverse the ongoing process of disease and the patient died on the 57th posttransplant day due to multiorgan failure subsequent to severe bone marrow suppression.

  16. Renal function after low central venous pressure-assisted liver resection: assessment of 2116 cases

    PubMed Central

    Correa-Gallego, Camilo; Berman, Alexandra; Denis, Stephanie C; Langdon-Embry, Liana; O'Connor, David; Arslan-Carlon, Vittoria; Kingham, T Peter; D'Angelica, Michael I; Allen, Peter J; Fong, Yuman; DeMatteo, Ronald P; Jarnagin, William R; Melendez, Jose; Fischer, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Low central venous pressure (LCVP)-assisted hepatectomy is associated with decreased blood loss and lower transfusion rates. Concerns about its impact on renal function have prevented widespread application. This study was conducted to review the dynamics of renal function after LCVP-assisted hepatectomy. Methods A retrospective analysis of a prospective surgical database was carried out. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. The RIFLE (risk–injury–failure–loss–end-stage) criteria were used to define postoperative biochemical acute kidney injury (bAKI). Occurrences of clinically relevant AKI (cAKI) were identified in the study center postoperative database. Results During the period 2003–2012, 2116 LCVP-assisted hepatectomies were performed. The median patient age was 61 years [interquartile range (IQR): 51–70 years] and 51% of patients were male. The median number of resected segments was two; resections involved from one to four segments. Median estimated blood loss was 300 ml (IQR: 200–600 ml). Rates of morbidity and 90-day mortality were 21% and 2%, respectively. Low baseline eGFR (<90 ml/min) was seen in 84% of patients; 29% of patients had eGFR of <30 ml/min. Postoperative bAKI was seen in 17% (n = 350) of patients. Biochemical AKI with low eGFR was seen in 336 patients, representing 16% of the whole cohort; 13% of patients had been at risk, 2% experienced injury and 1% experienced failure. Kidney function had normalized at discharge in 159 of these patients. Nine patients (<1%) developed postoperative cAKI. Conclusions The majority of patients in the study cohort had low baseline eGFR. Biochemical alterations in eGFR are transient in the vast majority of patients after LCVP-assisted hepatectomy and their clinical impact is limited. The present data suggest that clinically relevant renal dysfunction is a very uncommon event in patients

  17. A case report of laparoscopic ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy in children with renal duplex

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Yuen Shan; Tam, Yuk Him; Pang, Kristine Kit Yi

    2016-01-01

    We report on two children aged 2 and 6 years, who underwent laparoscopic ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy for their renal duplex anomalies. Both patients had complete duplex and were investigated by ultrasound, micturating cystourethrogram, magnetic resonance urography, and radioisotope scan. One patient had high-grade vesicoureteral reflux to lower moiety complicated with recurrent urinary tract infections, while the other had obstruction to upper moiety due to ectopic ureter. The pathological moieties of both patients were functional. Both patients underwent laparoscopic ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy uneventfully without any intraoperative complications. Postoperative imagings confirmed successful outcomes after surgery. PMID:27014651

  18. Multiple coronary thrombosis and stent implantation to the subtotally occluded right renal artery in a patient with essential thrombocytosis: a case report with review.

    PubMed

    Ozben, Beste; Ekmekci, Ahmet; Bugra, Zehra; Umman, Sabahattin; Meric, Mehmet

    2006-08-01

    Essential thrombocytosis is a myeloproliferative disorder of unknown etiology manifested clinically by the overproduction of platelets in the absence of a definable cause. Platelet dysfunction in essential thrombocytosis results in both hemorrhage and thrombosis. It is one of the rare causes of ischemic cardiovascular events. Fewer than 20 cases of essential thrombocytosis with involvement of coronary arteries leading to acute coronary syndromes or myocardial infarction have been reported. We report a case of multiple coronary thrombosis involving the left anterior descending artery and circumflex artery and stent implantation to the subtotally stenotic right renal artery in a women with unstable angina pectoris, essential thrombocytosis and previous history of renal artery trombosis.

  19. Renal Infiltration by Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma as a Rare Cause of Fanconi's Syndrome: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Saadat, Shoab; Mahmud, Syed Nayer; Qureshi, Asim

    2016-11-30

    We report the case of a 16-year-old female patient with a known history of coeliac disease, who presented with the complaints of diarrhea, vomiting and generalized body weakness. On examination, she was found to have dehydration, decreased power in all her limbs, cervical lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. Investigations showed severe hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, hypoglycemia and mildly enlarged kidneys on ultrasonography. Biopsy of the duodenum confirmed the flare up of coeliac disease, while cervical lymph node biopsy was positive for atypical lymphoid infiltrate and a morphology suggestive of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The immune profile performed on this sample confirmed the presence of activated/non-germinal center type of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was morphologically aggressive in type. The bone marrow biopsy was hypocellular and was negative for any infiltration. The patient was suspected to have developed infiltration of one or both kidneys leading to a rare presentation of Fanconi's syndrome. She was given first dose of rituximab on the 14th day of her admission. Unfortunately, she developed cardiopulmonary arrest and expired on the next day. We recommend screening for a possible renal involvement in patients with DLBCL and in patients with unusually deranged serum electrolytes as seen in Fanconi's syndrome. Renal biopsy is considered the gold standard modality for diagnosis and if possible, an earlier sample in a patient with newly developed acute kidney injury can save future complications.

  20. [Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly: unusual cause of piocolpos. Report a case and review of literature ].

    PubMed

    Cortés-Contreras, Diana Karen; Juárez-Cruz, Patricio Manuel; Vázquez-Flores, José; Vázquez-Flores, Al David

    2014-10-01

    OHVIRA (Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly) by acronym and abbreviations in English or Herlyn Werner Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital malformation caused by an alteration in the Mullerian ducts and Wolffian Ducts. Which is characterized by a triad: uterus didelphys, obstructed and ipsilateral renal agenesis hemivagina still uncertain etiology. Patients are usually asymptomatic until menarche where the most common clinical presentation is pelvic pain, followed by a vaginal or abdominal mass, normal menstrual periods, infertility, and vaginal discharge rarely appears. The case of a female patient of 15 years, nubile with chronic fetid vaginal discharge, initially diagnosed and treated as pelvic inflammatory disease occurs, however because it is an exceptional condition with the background of the patient, by complementary studies were conducted where pelvic ultrasound revealed pyocolpos and absence of left kidney, uterus didelphys, blind hemivagina by other imaging studies, where we could integrate Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome. In conclusion, abnormalities in the development of the Miillerian ducts are difficult to diagnose early, so you must have the embryological knowledge, conduct thorough clinical assessment and detailed picture in whom the coridition is suspected to identify malformations coexisting urinary tract and vaginal defects with the importance of preserving reproductive success through appropriate planning of surgical approach, given that the fertility rate in these patients is comparable to the average.

  1. [A case of sarcoidosis with hypercalcemia, urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and renal insufficiency].

    PubMed

    Nunohiro, T; Aoi, W; Kadota, J; Ueda, Y; Takahara, O; Yura, M

    1992-08-01

    A sixty nine-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital because of further examination of hypercalcemia. On July 1990, she complained of general fatigue and loss of appetite. She was pointed out to have hypercalcemia (15.1mg/dl), urolithiasis, and renal insufficiency. CT films of the chest showed swelling of the mediastinal lymphnodes and CT of the abdomen nephrocalcinosis. Ga-scintigraphy demonstrated an abnormal accumulation of gallium in the mediastinum. Levels of the parathyroid hormone was normal. Levels of the serum calcium (13.7mg/dl), angiotensin converting enzyme (30.4IU/L) and 1.25 (OH)2D (87PG/ml) were elevated. Giant cells were found in the biopsy specimen of the lung. A significant relationship between the serum calcium and creatinine were observed (r = 0.76, p < 0.02). Proximal fractional reabsorption of sodium showed to be suppressed (47.7%), and distal fractional reabsorption of sodium showed to be normal (88.4%). From these findings hypercalcemia and urolithiasis was suggested to result from sarcoidosis. The hypercalcemia and renal insufficiency improved with corticosteroid therapy.

  2. Case report of cadaveric kidney transplantation with renal-portal venous drainage: A feasible way for a venous drainage in a complex generalized thrombosed vessels setting.

    PubMed

    Millan, Mauricio; Caicedo, Luis A; Villegas, Jorge I; Serrano, Oscar; Caicedo, Liliana; Duque, Mauricio; Thomas, Laura S; Echeverri, Gabriel J

    2016-01-01

    One of the frequent complications suffered by patients with chronic renal failure is the lack of vascular access due to venous thrombosis. This means that the transplant surgeon must have a detailed knowledge of the intra-abdominal venous system, and other alternative surgeries, at the time of performing the renal graft implant, in order to ensure a good venous drainage. This article provides a case report regarding a patient with no vascular access and with surgical difficulties at the time of the kidney transplant, in whom a renal-portal venous drainage was performed with very good outcome. Renal-portal venous drainage is a way to performe kidney transplant with good outcome. In Fundación Valle del Lili we have overcome the lack of vascular access in patients that need a renal transplant by new surgical technics that improve the patients quality of life and survival. We can conclude that new surgical alternatives exist for those patients with chronic renal failure that have no vascular access. These patients are a priority for kidney transplants and the surgeon must take in to account the need for a new surgical assessment. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  3. An uncommon and insidious presentation of renal cell carcinoma with tumor extending into the inferior vena cava and right atrium: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lu, Hou Tee; Chong, Jen Lim; Othman, Norliza; Vendargon, Simon; Omar, Shamsuddin

    2016-05-03

    Renal cell carcinoma is a potentially lethal cancer with aggressive behavior and it tends to metastasize. Renal cell carcinoma involves the inferior vena cava in approximately 15% of cases and it rarely extends into the right atrium. A majority of renal cell carcinoma are detected as incidental findings on imaging studies obtained for unrelated reasons. At presentation, nearly 25% of patients either have distant metastases or significant local-regional disease with no symptoms that can be attributed to renal cell carcinoma. A 64-year-old Indian male with a past history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery, congestive heart failure, and diabetes mellitus complained of worsening shortness of breath for 2 weeks. Incidentally, a transthoracic echocardiography showed a "thumb-like" mass in his right atrium extending into his right ventricle through the tricuspid valve with each systole. Abdomen magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogenous lobulated mass in the upper and mid-pole of his right kidney with a tumor extending into his inferior vena cava and right atrium, consistent with our diagnosis of advanced renal cell carcinoma which was later confirmed by surgical excision and histology. Radical right nephrectomy, lymph nodes clearance, inferior vena cava cavatomy, and complete tumor thrombectomy were performed successfully. Perioperatively, he did not require cardiopulmonary bypass or deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. He had no recurrence during the follow-up period for more than 2 years after surgery. Advanced extension of renal cell carcinoma can occur with no apparent symptoms and be detected incidentally. In rare circumstances, atypical presentation of renal cell carcinoma should be considered in a patient presenting with right atrial mass detected by echocardiography. Renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava and right atrium extension is a complex surgical challenge, but excellent results can be obtained with proper patient selection, meticulous

  4. Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour.

    PubMed

    Jayalakshmy, P S; Jose, Merin; Feroze, M; Kumar, Rajesh K

    2017-09-01

    Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour is a newly described rare neoplasm. This tumour is characterised microscopically by admixture of three components- epithelial cells arranged in tubules and nests, angiomyomatous stroma and capillary sized interconnecting vascular channels in close association with the epithelial cell clusters. Microscopically it has wide range of differential diagnoses which include mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney, angiomyolipoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with angiomyolipomatous/angiomyoadenomatous areas. Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour should be differentiated from these tumours. Till now, only 10 cases have been reported in English medical literature. Here, we are reporting a case of renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour in a 29 year- old female patient who presented with hematuria and low backache and describing its main features so as to differentiate this entity from other renal tumours. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case to be reported from India.

  5. Chromophobe cell renal carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Megumi, Y; Nishimura, K

    1998-01-01

    Chromophobe cell renal carcinoma is a recently established subtype of renal cell carcinoma. Herein we report a case of chromophobe cell renal carcinoma in a 67-year-old male patient who occasionally underwent computed tomography. In a microscopic study with hematoxylin and eosin stain, clear eosinophilic cytoplasm, and a moderately atypical nucleus were observed. And it was stained positively by Hale's colloidal iron. Ultrastructurally, the cytoplasm was filled with numerous microvesicles. From these results, this tumor was pathologically diagnosed as chromophobe cell renal carcinoma.

  6. A Case Report of Renal Sympathetic Denervation for the Treatment of Polymorphic Ventricular Premature Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Kiuchi, Márcio Galindo; Vitorio, Frederico Puppim; da Silva, Gustavo Ramalho; Paz, Luis Marcelo Rodrigues; Souto, Gladyston Luiz Lima

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Premature ventricular complexes are very common, appearing most frequently in patients with hypertension, obesity, sleep apnea, and structural heart disease. Sympathetic hyperactivity plays a critical role in the development, maintenance, and aggravation of ventricular arrhythmias. Recently, Armaganijan et al reported the relevance of sympathetic activation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias and suggested a potential role for catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation in reducing the arrhythmic burden. In this report, we describe a 32-year-old hypertensive male patient presenting with a high incidence of polymorphic premature ventricular complexes on a 24 hour Holter monitor. Beginning 1 year prior, the patient experienced episodes of presyncope, syncope, and tachycardia palpitations. The patient was taking losartan 100 mg/day, which kept his blood pressure (BP) under control, and sotalol 160 mg twice daily. Bisoprolol 10 mg/day was used previously but was not successful for controlling the episodes. The 24 hour Holter performed after the onset of sotalol 160 mg twice daily showed a heart rate ranging between 48 (minimum)–78 (average)–119 (maximum) bpm; 14,286 polymorphic premature ventricular complexes; 3 episodes of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, the largest composed of 4 beats at a rate of 197 bpm; and 14 isolated atrial ectopic beats. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium perfusion performed at rest and under pharmacological stress with dipyridamole showed increased left atrial internal volume, preserved systolic global biventricular function, and an absence of infarcted or ischemic areas. The patient underwent bilateral renal sympathetic denervation. The only drug used postprocedure was losartan 25 mg/day. Three months after the patient underwent renal sympathetic denervation, the mean BP value dropped to 132/86 mmHg, the mean systolic/diastolic 24 hour ambulatory BP measurement was reduced to 128/83

  7. Cytology diagnosis of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, synchronous to pancreas, and metachronous to thyroid and contralateral adrenal: Report of a case and literature review.

    PubMed

    Bokhari, Aqiba; Tiscornia-Wasserman, Patricia G

    2017-02-01

    Renal cell carcinoma metastases to pancreas, thyroid, and contralateral adrenal gland are decidedly uncommon. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most frequent subtype. Cytology diagnosis may be challenging. A 74-year-old male with remote history of vocal cord malignancy and hypertension presented with abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed 8.4 cm left renal mass highly suspicious for renal cell carcinoma, a 1.8 cm mass within vessels near left adrenal and a 2.5 cm mass in pancreatic tail. Right pulmonary middle lobe showed two small nodules. Metastatic CCRCC was diagnosed on preoperative transgastric, endoscopic ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of pancreatic tail mass. Left radical nephrectomy and distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy confirmed CCRCC (pT3bNxM1), with metastases in adrenal and pancreatic tail. The 3p deletion identification in pancreatic tumor suggested CCRCC origin. Follow-up positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) scan revealed left thyroid lower pole mass. Thyroid ultrasound showed three clustered 6 mm nodules in left mid pole. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) biopsies, 4-month post-nephrectomy, were consistent with metastatic renal cell carcinoma in lower, and atypia of undetermined significance in mid poles respectively. Left lobectomy and isthmus and pyramidal lobe resections confirmed metastatic renal cell carcinoma. One year post-radical nephrectomy, contralateral adrenal lesion noted on PET-CT was interpreted as metastatic CCRCC on CT-guided core biopsy with touch imprints. Rapid on-site evaluation was implemented, and immunoprofile typical of CCRCC substantiated cytomorphology at all three sites. Previously reported cases of renal cell carcinoma metastases to organs as in the described case are reviewed as well. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2017;45:161-167. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Contralateral adrenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in the adrenal vein: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Muśko, Natalia; Kozikowski, Mieszko; Nyk, Łukasz; Borówka, Andrzej; Dobruch, Jakub

    2015-01-01

    A 64-year-old woman presented with contralateral right adrenal metastasis with adrenal vein thrombus, which was diagnosed many years after left nephrectomy with adrenalectomy due to renal cell cancer. The patient underwent right adrenalectomy with adrenal vein tumor thrombectomy for treatment. The pathologic examination confirmed metastatic clear cell carcinoma. The remote but existing risk of developing contralateral adrenal metastasis (CAM) after primary radical nephrectomy supports the idea of sparing the adrenal gland in suitable patients who undergo radical nephrectomy. Contralateral adrenal metastasis from RCC is a rare finding with the potential benefit of cure after resection. Care must be taken in preoperative diagnostics, as this metastasis is capable of causing inferior vena cava tumor thrombus via the suprarenal venous route. According to our knowledge, our case is the second similar entity described in literature so far. PMID:26807301

  9. Renal Cell Carcinoma with Unusual Skeletal Metastasis to Tibia and Ankle: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Shankar, Kiran; Kumar, Kariyanakatte Veeraiah Veerendra; Premlata, Chennagiri

    2016-01-01

    Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 5% of the epithelial malignancies worldwide with clear cell carcinoma accounting for 85% of these malignancies. One third of these patients experience synchronous metastatic disease and 20-30% of the remaining patients experience metachronous metastatic RCC. Bony metastasis accounts for 20% of metastatic RCC. They most commonly affect the axial skeleton and rarely the long bones or the small bones of the hands and feet. Bone metastases from RCC are predominantly osteolytic in nature, leading to significant patient morbidity due to the associated Skeletal Related Events (SRE). SREs may significantly decrease patient quality of life. Bone pain is most common SRE and radiotherapy is most common form of treatment. Only 2% of the patients require surgery. Here we present a case of advanced RCC with tibial and ankle metastasis who presented to us after one year of radical nephrectomy with severe pain and inability to walk and underwent above knee amputation. PMID:28050490

  10. Unilateral congenital giant megaureter with renal dysplasia compressing contralateral ureter and causing bilateral hydronephrosis: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Yu, Mingming; Ma, Geng; Ge, Zheng; Lu, Rugang; Deng, Yongji; Guo, Yunfei

    2016-02-09

    Congenital giant megaureter (CGM) is uncommon in the pediatric population. The major clinical presentations are marked protruberances and abdominal cysts. We reported a case of CGM with almost the whole left ureter dilation accompanied with a 1 cm stricture at the entrance of the bladder and renal dysplasia, immediately compressing the contralateral ureter and causing bilateral hydronephrosis for the first time. At one-stage of the operation, a left nephrostomy with a right ureterolysis were performed, and a poor left kidney function was found. Then, the left kidney and ureter were cut off by nephroureterectomy at the second-stage. Eventually, the follow-up showed that the patient recovered well by abdominal ultrasound. Based on the findings of these reported literatures, CGM is rare. The physical and imaging examinations are essential for the diagnosis of CGM, and the appropriate treatment methods should be performed based on patients' specific condition.

  11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the renal pelvis with giant cell tumor-like features: case report with immunohistochemical findings.

    PubMed

    Acikalin, Mustafa Fuat; Kabukcuoglu, Sare; Can, Cavit

    2005-02-01

    Sarcomatoid transitional cell carcinoma is a rare entity, in which a malignant, overtly epithelial component coexists with areas having a sarcoma-like appearance. Histological distinction of sarcomatoid carcinomas from carcinosarcomas is often difficult and immunohistochemistry is a helpful diagnostic adjunct in the correct diagnosis. In the present report, we describe an uncommon case of sarcomatoid transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis, associated with giant cell tumor-like features. Immunoperoxidase staining for cytokeratin was positive in spindle cell component, indicating an epithelial origin. The carcinomatous component showed a diffuse membranous reactivity for E-cadherin, whereas the reactivity was sporadic and weaker in the sarcomatoid component, suggesting that the decrease of E-cadherin expression might be associated with the acquisition of sarcomatous morphology. Osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells were positive for CD68 and negative for p53 oncoprotein, suggesting that they represent a non-neoplastic component that is reactively induced in the tumor stroma.

  12. [Pregnancy in a woman with chronic renal failure--the case of two successfully completed pregnancies and the review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Pifczyk, Grzegorz; Wikarek, Tomasz; Maruniak-Chudek, Iwona; Chudek, Jerzy

    2011-08-01

    Together with the prolongation and improving the quality of life of young women with chronic renal failure (CRF), procreation becomes an important issue. Pregnancies in women on renal replacement therapy are associated with an increased risk of health complications, both for mothers and for fetuses. Medical management of pregnant women with CRF is a great challenge and requires a close co-operation of nephrologists, transplantologists, gynecologists and neonatologists. The complexity of problems in these particular pregnancies has urged us to describe the case of a woman with CRF who successfully delivered two babies. We also review the current state of knowledge on the topic. The first pregnancy five years after renal transplantation, was completed with the delivery of term newborn with Tetralogy of Fallot. Also the second pregnancy on hemodialysis therapy was finished by the birth of a healthy neonate at term. The described case indicates that the gynecologists should be prepared for the challenge of the care for pregnancies in women suffering from chronic renal failure on renal replacement therapy.

  13. IgA Cutaneous Purpura Post-Renal Transplantation in a Patient With Long-Standing IgA Nephropathy: Case Report and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Sotoodian, Bahman; Robert, Janet; Mahmood, Muhammad N; Yacyshyn, Elaine

    2015-01-01

    IgA vasculitis is a small-vessel vasculitis caused by deposition of IgA antibodies in tissues. IgA nephropathy and IgAV have long been considered related conditions. To assess the prevalence and implications of new-onset Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) after renal transplant in patients with underlying IgA nephropathy. The PubMed database was searched for keywords such as IgAV, IgA vasculitis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, HSP, IgA nephropathy, and renal transplant. Two cases of new-onset IgA vasculitis post-renal transplant after stopping the prednisone or receiving seasonal influenza vaccine have been reported. We report the case of new-onset IgA cutaneous vasculitis in a renal transplant patient with IgA nephropathy after reduction in his prednisone dosage. The new development of cutaneous IgA vasculitis is unusual in renal transplant patients with IgA nephropathy. Despite these patients' being immunosuppressed, the presence of IgA vasculitis could signal the recurrence of IgA nephropathy. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. Two Cases of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type I-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis Caused by Living-Donor Renal Transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Matsumura, Mariko; Yaguchi, Hiroaki; Mito, Yasunori

    2016-01-01

    In rare instances, recipients of organ transplants from human T-lymphotropic virus type I- (HTLV-I-) positive donors reportedly developed neurologic symptoms due to HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM). We present herein two cases of HAM associated with renal transplantation from HTLV-I seropositive living-donors. The first patient was a 42-year-old woman with chronic renal failure for twelve years and seronegative for HTLV-I. She underwent renal transplantation with her HTLV-I seropositive mother as the donor, and she developed HAM three years after the transplantation. The second patient was a 65-year-old man who had been suffering from diabetic nephropathy. He was seronegative for HTLV-I and underwent renal transplantation one year previously, with his HTLV-I seropositive wife as the donor. He developed HAM eight months after renal transplantation. Both cases showed neurological improvements after the immunomodulating therapies. We tried to shed some light on the understanding of immunological mechanisms of transplantation-associated HAM, focusing on therapeutic strategies based on the immunopathogenesis of the condition. PMID:27777805

  15. Two Cases of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type I-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis Caused by Living-Donor Renal Transplantation.

    PubMed

    Tajima, Yasutaka; Matsumura, Mariko; Yaguchi, Hiroaki; Mito, Yasunori

    2016-01-01

    In rare instances, recipients of organ transplants from human T-lymphotropic virus type I- (HTLV-I-) positive donors reportedly developed neurologic symptoms due to HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM). We present herein two cases of HAM associated with renal transplantation from HTLV-I seropositive living-donors. The first patient was a 42-year-old woman with chronic renal failure for twelve years and seronegative for HTLV-I. She underwent renal transplantation with her HTLV-I seropositive mother as the donor, and she developed HAM three years after the transplantation. The second patient was a 65-year-old man who had been suffering from diabetic nephropathy. He was seronegative for HTLV-I and underwent renal transplantation one year previously, with his HTLV-I seropositive wife as the donor. He developed HAM eight months after renal transplantation. Both cases showed neurological improvements after the immunomodulating therapies. We tried to shed some light on the understanding of immunological mechanisms of transplantation-associated HAM, focusing on therapeutic strategies based on the immunopathogenesis of the condition.

  16. Renal cell carcinoma presented as fever of unknown origin: report of one case.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chih-Chong; Sheen, Jiunn-Ming; Shieh, Chie-Song; Huang, Shun-Chen; Hwang, Kao-Pin

    2005-01-01

    A 10-year-old girl, with an intermittent fever for 15 days, visited our emergency department. Initial work-up revealed no signs of infection and no palpable abdominal mass. KUB showed only displaced bowel gas. Abdominal ultrasound was performed which disclosed a huge mass at the lower pole of the right kidney. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) confirmed a huge, heterogeneous mass arising from the right kidney and without involvement of regional lymph nodes and inferior vena cava. Radical nephrectomy was performed and Stage 2 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was confirmed. Fever subsided spontaneously after operation. No local recurrence or distant metastasis was detected in the following 3 years. Thus, occult malignant neoplasm as infrequent as RCC should be in the list of differential diagnoses of fever of unknown origin (FUO). An abdominal ultrasound is a useful screening tool for early diagnosis of RCC.

  17. Cardiac-surgery associated acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy. A Spanish retrospective case-cohort study.

    PubMed

    Perez-Valdivieso, Jose Ramon; Monedero, Pablo; Vives, Marc; Garcia-Fernandez, Nuria; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira

    2009-09-22

    Acute kidney injury is among the most serious complications after cardiac surgery and is associated with an impaired outcome. Multiple factors may concur in the development of this disease. Moreover, severe renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) presents a high mortality rate. Consequently, we studied a Spanish cohort of patients to assess the risk factors for RRT in cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). A retrospective case-cohort study in 24 Spanish hospitals. All cases of RRT after cardiac surgery in 2007 were matched in a crude ratio of 1:4 consecutive patients based on age, sex, treated in the same year, at the same hospital and by the same group of surgeons. We analyzed the data from 864 patients enrolled in 2007. In multivariate analysis, severe acute kidney injury requiring postoperative RRT was significantly associated with the following variables: lower glomerular filtration rates, less basal haemoglobin, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, diabetes, prior diuretic treatment, urgent surgery, longer aortic cross clamp times, intraoperative administration of aprotinin, and increased number of packed red blood cells (PRBC) transfused. When we conducted a propensity analysis using best-matched of 137 available pairs of patients, prior diuretic treatment, longer aortic cross clamp times and number of PRBC transfused were significantly associated with CSA-AKI.Patients requiring RRT needed longer hospital stays, and suffered higher mortality rates. Cardiac-surgery associated acute kidney injury requiring RRT is associated with worse outcomes. For this reason, modifiable risk factors should be optimised and higher risk patients for acute kidney injury should be identified before undertaking cardiac surgery.

  18. Management of simple renal cyst in children: French multicenter experience of 36 cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Koutlidis, Nicolas; Joyeux, Luc; Méjean, Nathalie; Sapin, Emmanuel

    2015-06-01

    The widespread use of renal ultrasonography has resulted in simple renal cysts (SRC) being discovered with increasing frequency in routine pediatric urological practice. Management of SRC, however, remains controversial. Most SRC are asymptomatic, are diagnosed incidentally, and have no clinical consequence. Our goal was to focus on management strategies for SRC in children with the support of our experience and a review of the literature. A literature review was made of SRC in children since 1950, analyzing epidemiologic data, diagnosis, and management. In addition, a retrospective multicenter study was conducted from 1998 to 2009. Patients included presented with a unique SRC. Data recorded were patient characteristics (age, gender), symptoms, imaging features of the cyst (size, side, pole, and location), type of management, and long-term outcomes. To focus on management, two groups of patients were defined: primary surgical management and primary conservative management consisting of clinical and US follow-up. Our results were compared with the literature. Thirty-six cases were included. Fifteen patients were symptomatic. Comparing the two groups, long-term outcomes were similar. The only significant factors were preoperative (age of the patient, diameter and location of the cyst): the bigger the cyst, the more likely it was to be exorenal, and the greater the likelihood that surgery would be performed (p = 0.006). Symptoms were not a significant indicator for surgery. According to the literature and our experience, and considering the benign natural history of SRC and the similar outcomes whatever the treatment, primary conservative management is recommended for all cases. Surgery should be restricted to symptomatic large compressive cysts, increase in cyst size on follow-up, and uncertain diagnosis. Percutaneous cyst aspiration with sclerotherapy has not yet been used enough to ascertain its safety, and requires prospective evaluation. Copyright © 2015

  19. Cardiac-surgery associated acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy. A Spanish retrospective case-cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background Acute kidney injury is among the most serious complications after cardiac surgery and is associated with an impaired outcome. Multiple factors may concur in the development of this disease. Moreover, severe renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) presents a high mortality rate. Consequently, we studied a Spanish cohort of patients to assess the risk factors for RRT in cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). Methods A retrospective case-cohort study in 24 Spanish hospitals. All cases of RRT after cardiac surgery in 2007 were matched in a crude ratio of 1:4 consecutive patients based on age, sex, treated in the same year, at the same hospital and by the same group of surgeons. Results We analyzed the data from 864 patients enrolled in 2007. In multivariate analysis, severe acute kidney injury requiring postoperative RRT was significantly associated with the following variables: lower glomerular filtration rates, less basal haemoglobin, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, diabetes, prior diuretic treatment, urgent surgery, longer aortic cross clamp times, intraoperative administration of aprotinin, and increased number of packed red blood cells (PRBC) transfused. When we conducted a propensity analysis using best-matched of 137 available pairs of patients, prior diuretic treatment, longer aortic cross clamp times and number of PRBC transfused were significantly associated with CSA-AKI. Patients requiring RRT needed longer hospital stays, and suffered higher mortality rates. Conclusion Cardiac-surgery associated acute kidney injury requiring RRT is associated with worse outcomes. For this reason, modifiable risk factors should be optimised and higher risk patients for acute kidney injury should be identified before undertaking cardiac surgery. PMID:19772621

  20. Branchio-oto-renal syndrome.

    PubMed

    Jalil, Jawad; Basheer, Faisal; Shafique, Mobeen

    2014-05-01

    The association of branchial arch anomalies (branchial cysts, branchial fistulas), hearing loss and renal anomalies constitutes the branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome also known as Melnick Fraser syndrome. We present a case of this rare disorder in a girl child who presented with profound deafness, preauricular pits, branchial sinuses and renal hypoplasia.

  1. Tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma with poorly differentiated foci is indicative of aggressive behavior: clinicopathologic study of two cases and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Ming; Teng, Xiaodong; Ru, Guoqing; Zhao, Zhongsheng; Hu, Qinqin; Han, Likai; He, Xianglei

    2015-01-01

    Tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (TCRCC) is a rare, recently characterized RCC subtype with distinctive clinicopathologic and genetic characterizations as well as typical behaviors in an indolent fashion. However, sporadic case reports in the literature have indicated that TCRCC with sarcomatoid differentiation or poorly differentiated (PD) foci could behave aggressively. Herein, we reported two cases of TCRCC with PD foci indentified from our consultative service. Both patients were male and aged 66 y and 47 y, respectively. The first patient experienced radical nephrectomy while the other was treated by partial nephrectomy. Macroscopically, both tumors were described as partly cystic and solid with the greatest diameter measuring of 12-cm and 4.5-cm, respectively. Histologically, both lesions had classic areas of TCRCC occupying most part of the tumor with small papillary RCC component. In case one, PD foci were scatteredly distributed and mixed with TCRCC and papillary RCC components, while in the other case the PD foci were adjacent to the areas of TCRCC. In both tumors, the PD foci were composed of irregular, often angulated, small tubules lined by atypical eosinophilic cells and surrounded by desmoplastic stroma, resembling collecting duct carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry, in both tumors, both TCRCC component and PD foci showed the similar immunoprofiles, i.e., labeling strongly and diffusely with PAX8, AMACR and Vimentin, and focally with CK34βE12 but not with renal cell carcinoma marker or P63. In case one, the tumor invaded extensively into the adjacent renal parenchyma and focally into both renal sinusal and perirenal adipose tissues. The patient had metastasis in the pelvic cavity at the time of diagnosis and succumbed to the disease without further treatment 3 months later. The other case was organ confined but with focal positive renal parenchymal margin. The patient subsequently underwent radical nephrectomy and was in a good status without evidence

  2. Occult Congenital Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Two Adults Presenting with Collecting System Rupture After Blunt Renal Trauma: A Case Report Series

    PubMed Central

    Hoffner, Haley E.; Dagrosa, Lawrence M.; Pais, Vernon M.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract We report two adult cases of congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction detected incidentally in the setting of blunt abdominal trauma. CT images are provided to describe the presentation, while review of the literature and management of renal trauma are discussed. PMID:27579396

  3. End-stage renal disease and low level exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury; a population-based, prospective nested case-referent study in Sweden.

    PubMed

    Sommar, Johan Nilsson; Svensson, Maria K; Björ, Bodil M; Elmståhl, Sölve I; Hallmans, Göran; Lundh, Thomas; Schön, Staffan M I; Skerfving, Staffan; Bergdahl, Ingvar A

    2013-01-23

    Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) cause toxicological renal effects, but the clinical relevance at low-level exposures in general populations is unclear. The objective of this study is to assess the risk of developing end-stage renal disease in relation to Cd, Pb, and Hg exposure. A total of 118 cases who later in life developed end-stage renal disease, and 378 matched (sex, age, area, and time of blood sampling) referents were identified among participants in two population-based prospective cohorts (130,000 individuals). Cd, Pb, and Hg concentrations were determined in prospectively collected samples. Erythrocyte lead was associated with an increased risk of developing end-stage renal disease (mean in cases 76 μg/L; odds ratio (OR) 1.54 for an interquartile range increase, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-2.00), while erythrocyte mercury was negatively associated (2.4 μg/L; OR 0.75 for an interquartile range increase, CI 0.56-0.99). For erythrocyte cadmium, the OR of developing end-stage renal disease was 1.15 for an interquartile range increase (CI 0.99-1.34; mean Ery-Cd among cases: 1.3 μg/L). The associations for erythrocyte lead and erythrocyte mercury, but not for erythrocyte cadmium, remained after adjusting for the other two metals, smoking, BMI, diabetes, and hypertension. Gender-specific analyses showed that men carried almost all of the erythrocyte lead and erythrocyte cadmium associated risks. Erythrocyte lead is associated with end-stage renal disease but further studies are needed to evaluate causality. Gender-specific analyses suggest potential differences in susceptibility or in exposure biomarker reliability.

  4. End-stage renal disease and low level exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury; a population-based, prospective nested case-referent study in Sweden

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) cause toxicological renal effects, but the clinical relevance at low-level exposures in general populations is unclear. The objective of this study is to assess the risk of developing end-stage renal disease in relation to Cd, Pb, and Hg exposure. Methods A total of 118 cases who later in life developed end-stage renal disease, and 378 matched (sex, age, area, and time of blood sampling) referents were identified among participants in two population-based prospective cohorts (130,000 individuals). Cd, Pb, and Hg concentrations were determined in prospectively collected samples. Results Erythrocyte lead was associated with an increased risk of developing end-stage renal disease (mean in cases 76 μg/L; odds ratio (OR) 1.54 for an interquartile range increase, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-2.00), while erythrocyte mercury was negatively associated (2.4 μg/L; OR 0.75 for an interquartile range increase, CI 0.56-0.99). For erythrocyte cadmium, the OR of developing end-stage renal disease was 1.15 for an interquartile range increase (CI 0.99-1.34; mean Ery-Cd among cases: 1.3 μg/L). The associations for erythrocyte lead and erythrocyte mercury, but not for erythrocyte cadmium, remained after adjusting for the other two metals, smoking, BMI, diabetes, and hypertension. Gender-specific analyses showed that men carried almost all of the erythrocyte lead and erythrocyte cadmium associated risks. Conclusions Erythrocyte lead is associated with end-stage renal disease but further studies are needed to evaluate causality. Gender-specific analyses suggest potential differences in susceptibility or in exposure biomarker reliability. PMID:23343055

  5. Simultaneous bilateral testicular metastases from renal clear cell carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    MORIYAMA, SHINGO; TAKESHITA, HIDEKI; ADACHI, AKIKO; ARAI, YOSHIAKI; HIGUCHI, SAORI; TOKAIRIN, TAKUO; CHIBA, KOJI; NAKAGAWA, KOJI; NORO, AKIRA

    2014-01-01

    Metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the testis is rare. This case report presented an extremely rare case of simultaneous bilateral testicular metastases from RCC in a 65-year-old man who had experienced indolent scrotal enlargement over a period of several months. Scrotal ultrasonography showed 4.0- and 2.0-cm-sized masses in the left and right testes, respectively. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography identified multiple tumors in the kidneys, the pancreas and the left adrenal gland. Left orchiectomy and pathological examination were performed and indicated testicular metastasis from clear cell RCC. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of all residual lesions. Postoperative follow-up examination without adjuvant therapy identified no recurrence over 11 months. This study also reviewed existing literature and determined that retrograde venous spread from the primary kidney tumor to the testis may be an important pathway for testicular metastasis from RCC. In conclusion, RCC can result in testicular metastases not only unilaterally, but also bilaterally, as was observed in the present case. PMID:24944706

  6. Ex Vivo Removal of Stones in Donor Kidneys by Flexible Ureteroscopy Prior to Renal Transplantation: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Na; Zhou, Honglan; Shi, Bo; Wang, Jinguo

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Male, 33 Final Diagnosis: Donation after cardiac death (DCD) Symptoms: None Medication:— Clinical Procedure: Ex vivo removal of stones in donor kidneys by flexible ureteroscop Specialty: Transplantology Objective: Rare co-existance of disease or pathology Background: Because of the shortage of grafts, many attempts have been made to treat calculi in donor kidneys and have achieved successful management. This case report is the first to present removal of stones from bilateral kidneys from a single donor through flexible ureteroscopy before transplantation. Case Report: The present case report shows the clinical management of bilateral donor kidneys with calculi, which were taken from a 33-year-old man through donation after cardiac death (DCD). Computed tomography showed 2 stones in the right donor kidney and 1 in the left donor kidney. Two stones were removed ex vivo using a flexible ureteroscope before transplantation, and the third one turned out to be a renal papillae calcification, which was left in place without surgical treatment. The bilateral donor kidneys were transplanted to 2 recipients. Conclusions: There is a possibility of increasing the kidney pool by using donor kidneys containing calculi, which should be removed before transplantation. PMID:28255156

  7. Curative effect and safety of vascularized fibula grafting in renal transplant recipients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head: three case reports.

    PubMed

    Guo, Y J; Jin, D X; Zhang, C Q; Chen, S B; Sheng, J G; Lee, H S; Zhang, K G; Zeng, B F

    2009-11-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a common and severe complication after renal transplantation. It is characterized by deterioration of hip joint function, which impairs quality of life. We present 3 renal transplant case reports of patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head who underwent free vascularized fibular grafting at our hospital. Follow-up was from 1(1/2) to 2 years. All 3 patients exhibited good recovery with substantial improvement in joint function. Intraoperative and postoperative findings demonstrated the safety of this surgical procedure.

  8. [Sarcoidosis : Renal manifestations].

    PubMed

    Löffler, C; Bergner, R

    2017-04-12

    Renal involvement in sarcoidosis is much more common than generally assumed from old epidemiological studies and is often only detected when actively searched for. Many patients with renal sarcoidosis present with no or only few symptoms. The diagnostic work-up of sarcoidosis should always include a possible renal involvement. In cases of impaired renal function, proteinuria or a pathological urine sediment, a renal biopsy specimen should be obtained to assess the type, severity and prognosis of the kidney disease. Treatment is primarily based on the use of corticosteroids. Steroid-sparing agents, such as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and infliximab can be applied; however, the evidence for efficacy of these therapies is mostly based on case series and expert opinions. Discontinuation of immunosuppression therapy bears a high risk of relapse.

  9. Risk factors for systemic lupus erythematosus flares in patients with end-stage renal disease: a case-control study.

    PubMed

    Barrera-Vargas, Ana; Quintanar-Martínez, Mariana; Merayo-Chalico, Javier; Alcocer-Varela, Jorge; Gómez-Martín, Diana

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to recognize risk factors for extrarenal SLE flares in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT). We performed a retrospective, case-control study in a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City from 1993 to 2014. Cases were lupus patients who had any extrarenal flare after RRT. Controls were SLE patients with ESRD but without flares. We recorded demographic features and clinical and immunological parameters. Differences between groups were analysed by Student's t-test. Association was assessed by the odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI. Multivariate analysis was performed by binary logistic regression. Eighty-eight patients were included: 38 cases (50 flares) and 50 controls. The proportion of men was higher in cases (24 vs 8%, P = 0.029). The most common flares were haematologic (42%), mucocutaneous (38%) and articular (30%). Independent risk factors for flares included age at RRT start [OR 0.92 (95% CI 0.88, 0.96), P < 0.001], history of haematologic activity [OR 3.79 (95% CI 1.05, 13.7), P = 0.04], anti-cardiolipin IgM [OR 4.39 (95% CI 1.32, 14.6), P = 0.02] and low C4 levels [OR 9.7 (95% CI 2.49, 39.12), P = 0.001]. SLE patients continue to be at risk for extrarenal activity after RRT. The most common flare was haematologic, which correlated with the history of haematologic activity and anti-cardiolipin positivity as independent risk factors. Lower C4 levels and younger age at the beginning of RRT were also associated. Patients with these characteristics should have a closer follow-up in order to detect and treat SLE flares in a timely manner. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. Warthin-like papillary renal cell carcinoma: Clinicopathologic, morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis of 11 cases.

    PubMed

    Skenderi, Faruk; Ulamec, Monika; Vanecek, Tomas; Martinek, Petr; Alaghehbandan, Reza; Foix, Maria Pane; Babankova, Iva; Montiel, Delia Perez; Alvarado-Cabrero, Isabel; Svajdler, Marian; Dubinský, Pavol; Cempirkova, Dana; Pavlovsky, Michal; Vranic, Semir; Daum, Ondrej; Ondic, Ondrej; Pivovarcikova, Kristyna; Michalova, Kvetoslava; Hora, Milan; Rotterova, Pavla; Stehlikova, Adela; Dusek, Martin; Michal, Michal; Hes, Ondrej

    2017-04-01

    Oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a distinct subtype of PRCC, listed as a possible new variant of PRCC in the 2016 WHO classification. It is composed of papillae aligned by large single-layered eosinophilic cells showing linearly arranged oncocytoma-like nuclei. We analyzed clinicopathologic, morphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular-genetic characteristics of 11 oncocytic PRCCs with prominent tumor lymphocytic infiltrate, morphologically resembling Warthin's tumor. The patients were predominantly males (8/11, 73%), with an average age of 59years (range 14-76), and a mean tumor size of 7cm (range 1-22cm). Tumors had the features of oncocytic PRCCs with focal pseudostratification in 8/11 cases and showed dense stromal inflammatory infiltration in all cases. Papillary growth pattern was predominant, comprising more than 60% of tumor volume. Tubular and solid components were present in 5 and 3 cases, respectively. Uniform immunohistochemical positivity was found for AMACR, PAX-8, MIA, vimentin, and OSCAR. Tumors were mostly negative for carboanhydrase 9, CD117, CK20, and TTF-1. Immunohistochemical stains for DNA mismatch repair proteins MLH1 and PMS2 were retained in all cases, while MSH2 and MSH6 were negative in 1 case. Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) consisted of both B and T cells. Chromosomal copy number variation analysis showed great variability in 5 cases, ranging from a loss of one single chromosome to complex genome rearrangements. Only one case showed gains of chromosomes 7 and 17, among other aberrations. In 4 cases no numerical imbalance was found. Follow up data was available for 9 patients (median 47.6months, range 1-132). In 6 patients no lethal progression was noted, while 3 died of disease. In conclusion, Warthin-like PRCC is morphologically very close to oncocytic PRCC, from which it differs by the presence of dense lymphoid stroma. Chromosomal numerical aberration pattern of these tumors is variable; only one case showed

  11. Renal oncocytoma: new observations

    SciTech Connect

    Quinn, M.J.; Hartman, D.S.; Friedman, A.C.; Sherman, J.L.; Lautin, E.M.; Pyatt, R.S.; Ho, C.K.; Csere, R.; Fromowitz, F.B.

    1984-10-01

    Renal oncocytomas are uncommon, benign tumors that can be treated by local incision or heminephrectomy; their preoperative differentiation from renal cell carcinoma, treated by radical nephrectomy, would be invaluable. A particularly important finding, a central scar, not stressed in previous reports, is frequently demonstrated by CT examination. The authors evaluated radiographic studies of 18 pathologically confirmed cases of oncocytoma and compared findings with results of CT, sonography, and angiogrpahy studies of 18 renal cell carcinoma cases. Oncocytomas can be suggested if a stellate scar is identified within an otherwise homogeneous tumor on ultrasound (US) and CT; if the mass appears homogeneous but no scar is present, angiography should be performed.

  12. A case of pneumocystis pneumonia associated with everolimus therapy for renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Saito, Yoshinobu; Nagayama, Mikie; Miura, Yukiko; Ogushi, Satoko; Suzuki, Yasutomo; Noro, Rintaro; Minegishi, Yuji; Kimura, Go; Kondo, Yukihiro; Gemma, Akihiko

    2013-05-01

    A 76-year-old female with advanced renal cell carcinoma had been treated with everolimus for 3 months. She visited our hospital because of a cough and fever lasting a few days. Chest X-rays showed bilateral infiltrative shadows, and a chest computed tomography scan showed homogeneous ground-glass opacities with mosaic patterns, especially in the apical region. The laboratory results revealed a decreased white blood cell count with lymphocytopenia and high levels of lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein and KL-6. Pneumonitis was suspected and, therefore, everolimus therapy was interrupted. At that time, the pneumonitis was thought to be drug-induced interstitial lung disease. However, it was not possible to rule out pneumocystis pneumonia, because the patient was immunocompromised and the computed tomography findings suggested the possibility of pneumocystis pneumonia. The pneumonitis progressed rapidly and the patient developed respiratory failure, so we performed bronchoalveolar lavage to make a definitive diagnosis, and simultaneously started treatment with prednisolone and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole to cover both interstitial lung disease and pneumocystis pneumonia. A polymerase chain reaction assay of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was positive for Pneumocystis carinii DNA, and the serum level of β-d-glucan was significantly elevated. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with pneumocystis pneumonia, which was cured by the treatment. Interstitial lung disease is a major adverse drug reaction associated with everolimus, and interstitial lung disease is the first condition suspected when a patient presents with pneumonitis during everolimus therapy. Pneumocystis pneumonia associated with everolimus therapy is rare, but our experience suggests that pneumocystis pneumonia should be considered as a differential diagnosis when pneumonitis is encountered in patients receiving everolimus therapy.

  13. [Renal cell carcinoma: pathological prognostic factors, staging and histopathological classification of 355 cases].

    PubMed

    Acosta-Jiménez, Elsa; Jerónimo-Guerrero, Debbie; Macías-Clavijo, María de los Ángeles; Rivera-Diez, Deia; Hernández-Briseño, Liliana; Beltrán-Suárez, Edgar; Martínez-Olivares, Jocabed; Ángeles-Garay, Ulises

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: recientemente se han descrito nuevas entidades morfológicas de carcinomas de células renales (CCR) que influyen en el pronóstico. La estadificación clínica también ha sufrido modificaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la prevalencia de los subtipos histológicos, el grado nuclear de Fuhrman y el estadio clínico del CCR. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo y comparativo de enero de 2008 a junio de 2013. Se analizaron 355 casos de CCR, fueron reclasificados de acuerdo con el grado nuclear y nuevos diagnósticos histopatológicos (clasificación de Vancouver) y estadificados de acuerdo con el TNM. Se realizó índice de Kappa para la concordancia diagnóstica y gradación nuclear, la asociación de variables cualitativas fue comparada con chi cuadrada. Resultados: el CCR claras convencional fue del 84.5 %, seguido del cromófobo y papilar. Otros subtipos menos frecuentes fueron: el carcinoma quístico multilocular, el CCR papilar de células claras y otros. El grado nuclear estuvo directamente relacionado con el tamaño tumoral y con el estadio clínico (p < 0.001). El estadio que predomino fue el pT1b N0 M0, seguido del pT3a N0 M0. Conclusiones: el tumor más frecuente fue el CCR claras, seguido del cromófobo y papilar. El grado nuclear, necrosis, áreas eosinófilas, sarcomatoides y rabdoides son factores pronósticos asociados a mayor agresividad y riesgo de metástasis.

  14. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma, with a radiographically occult primary tumor, presenting in the operative site of a thoracic meningioma: long-term follow-up: Case report.

    PubMed

    Heary, Robert F; Agarwal, Nitin; Barrese, James C; Barry, Maureen T; Baisre, Ada

    2014-10-01

    Lesions metastatic to the site of a meningioma resection from a different primary tumor are rare. Metastasis of a tumor without a known primary tumor is also rare. Metastasis of a renal cell carcinoma, without an identifiable primary tumor, to the bed of a meningioma resection has not been previously reported. The authors describe the case of a 54-year-old man who presented with decreased sensory and motor function in the lower extremities. He underwent T3-5 laminectomies and gross-total removal of an intradural, extramedullary meningioma. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient regained full neurological function. After a 3-year period, he developed progressive upper thoracic pain and lower-extremity paresthesias. Imaging studies showed an epidural mass at the T2-4 levels and what appeared to be blastic involvement of the T2-4 vertebrae. A metastatic workup was negative. Emergency revision laminectomies yielded a fibrous, nonvascular mass. Neuropathology was consistent with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. After 6 months, the patient's symptoms of pain and paresthesias recurred. Repeat excision, with decompression of the spinal cord, revealed tumor cells morphologically and immunophenotypically similar to those obtained from the prior surgery. Cytogenetic analysis confirmed the presence of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. A novel case of an epidural metastatic renal cell carcinoma, of unknown primary origin, in the same operative bed of a previously resected intradural, extramedullary meningioma of the thoracic spine is reported.

  15. Evaluation of putative renal cell carcinoma markers PAX-2, PAX-8, and hKIM-1 in germ cell tumors: a tissue microarray study of 100 cases.

    PubMed

    Sangoi, Ankur R; McKenney, Jesse K; Brooks, James D; Bonventre, Joseph V; Higgins, John P

    2012-10-01

    In a subset of cases, metastatic renal cell carcinoma can demonstrate significant morphologic overlap with germ cell neoplasms, making accurate diagnosis challenging. In such cases, immunohistochemistry is often used as an adjunct diagnostic tool. Expression of the putative renal cell carcinoma markers PAX-2, PAX-8, and hKIM-1 has been reported in a small series of certain germ cell tumors, raising doubt about their specificity for renal cell carcinoma. To further characterize these markers, we evaluated PAX-2, PAX-8, and hKIM-1 staining in 100 germ cell tumors using tissue microarrays. PAX-2 and PAX-8 staining was identified in 50% and 25% of yolk sac tumors (respectively), with hKIM-1 staining identified in 48% of embryonal carcinomas and 50% of yolk sac tumors. All other germ tumor cells (notably including 62 seminomas) were negative for all 3 markers, in contrast to prior reports of PAX-8 reactivity in seminoma. This study indicates that PAX-2, PAX-8, and hKIM-1 should be used cautiously in distinguishing renal cell carcinoma from nonseminomatous germ cell neoplasia and also adds to the growing list of nonrenal tumors that express these 3 markers.

  16. Renal diagnosis without renal biopsy. Nephritis and sensorineural deafness.

    PubMed

    Richardson, D; Shires, M; Davison, A M

    2001-06-01

    Two examples of hereditary nephropathy within the context of clinical syndromes are described. Emphasis is put on the ability to make a renal diagnosis without renal biopsy and the benefits of screening relatives once a diagnosis is achieved. A variant of Alport's syndrome with associated macrothrombocytic thrombocytopenia, known as Epstein's syndrome, is reported. In addition siblings with Alström's syndrome characterized by pigmentary retinal degeneration (causing blindness in early childhood), progressive sensorineural hearing loss, and progressive renal failure are reported. Both cases had previously presented for non-renal pathology in advance of the onset of symptomatic renal failure and may have benefited from appropriate screening.

  17. Tubulocystic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Rare Renal Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Bindroo, Sandiya; Varshney, Neha; Mittal, Vijay

    2014-01-01

    Tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma of the kidney is a rare entity with less than one hundred cases reported so far. It was previously considered to have some similarities to various other renal cancers although this tumor has distinct macroscopic, microscopic and immuno-histochemical features. It is now a well-established entity in renal neoplastic pathology and has been recognized as a distinct entity in the 2012 Vancouver classification of renal tumors. This review aims to give an overview of tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma after extensive literature search using PubMed and CrossRef.

  18. [Concomitant gastric and pancreatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma: case study].

    PubMed

    Portanova, Michel; Yabar, Alejandro; Lombardi, Emilio; Vargas, Fernando; Mena, Víctor; Carbajal, Ramiro; Palacios, Néstor; Orrego, Jorge

    2006-01-01

    This report describes the case of a patient who underwent total gastrectomy, splenectomy and pancreatomy corporo-postero as a consequence of gastric and pancreatic metastasis from carcinoma to clear cells, five years after having undergone radical nephrectomy. Upper digestive bleeding was the first symptom, and pancreatic lesion was detected in previous CT scans. There are many documented cases of pancreatic metastasis, but only eight gastric metastasis in the last 15 years, although we did not find reports about surgical treatment for concomitant gastric and pancreatic injury. Surgical treatment which in some reports include highly complex surgeries such as gastrectomies with combined resections of invaded organs and pancreatoduodenectomy, are good options for select cases, because good survival rates have been reported.

  19. Renal malakolpkia followed by chronic myelogenous leukaemia: treatment challenges case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Al Salman, Jameela Mohammed; Husain, Aysha

    2013-01-01

    Malakoplakia is a rare granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology and usually affects patients with underlying immunosuppression. This disorder usually involves the genitourinary tract but has been reported in a wide array of anatomical sites. We are presenting, what is to our knowledge, the first case in the literature in which a patient was diagnosed with malakoplakia and after his successful management; he was diagnosed with chronic meylomoncytic leukaemia. All cases of malakoplakia reported in the literature were either preceded or accompanied by an immunosuppressive state. PMID:23349170

  20. An unusual cause of hypertension and renal failure: a case series of a family with Alagille syndrome.

    PubMed

    Shrivastava, Rajesh; Williams, Andrew; Mikhail, Ashraf; Roberts, David; Richards, Martyn; Aithal, Vandse

    2010-05-01

    Alagille Syndrome (OMIM 118450) is a multisystem developmental disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with variable expression. It commonly manifests in children with early cholestatic jaundice due to paucity of interlobular biliary ducts. Renal involvement is less common but can take various forms including renovascular disease, renal agenesis or hypoplasia, cystic renal disease, mesangiolipidosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis and renal tubular acidosis. We describe a family of Alagille syndrome with JAG 1 mutation running through at least two generations, affecting four members with variable phenotypic expressions and disease severity. Alagille syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of adults with renovascular disease and children with agenesis/dysgenesis of kidney and reflux nephropathy even in the absence of hepatic disease. Renal transplant can be successful in these patients although living related donation may not be appropriate given the high penetrance and variable expression of this condition. This syndrome may cause symptomatic bradyarrhythmias as described in our series.